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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Using tactical flight level resource allocation to alleviate congested en-route airspace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A motivation exists to formulate and implement new tools and methodologies to address the problem of congestion in the National Airspace System (NAS). This thesis presents a novel methodology for allocating aircraft among ...

Abad, Antonio Manuel, 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Making the Traffic Operations Case for Congestion Pricing: Operational Impacts of Congestion Pricing  

SciTech Connect

Congestion begins when an excess of vehicles on a segment of roadway at a given time, resulting in speeds that are significantly slower than normal or 'free flow' speeds. Congestion often means stop-and-go traffic. The transition occurs when vehicle density (the number of vehicles per mile in a lane) exceeds a critical level. Once traffic enters a state of congestion, recovery or time to return to a free-flow state is lengthy; and during the recovery process, delay continues to accumulate. The breakdown in speed and flow greatly impedes the efficient operation of the freeway system, resulting in economic, mobility, environmental and safety problems. Freeways are designed to function as access-controlled highways characterized by uninterrupted traffic flow so references to freeway performance relate primarily to the quality of traffic flow or traffic conditions as experienced by users of the freeway. The maximum flow or capacity of a freeway segment is reached while traffic is moving freely. As a result, freeways are most productive when they carry capacity flows at 60 mph, whereas lower speeds impose freeway delay, resulting in bottlenecks. Bottlenecks may be caused by physical disruptions, such as a reduced number of lanes, a change in grade, or an on-ramp with a short merge lane. This type of bottleneck occurs on a predictable or 'recurrent' basis at the same time of day and same day of week. Recurrent congestion totals 45% of congestion and is primarily from bottlenecks (40%) as well as inadequate signal timing (5%). Nonrecurring bottlenecks result from crashes, work zone disruptions, adverse weather conditions, and special events that create surges in demand and that account for over 55% of experienced congestion. Figure 1.1 shows that nonrecurring congestion is composed of traffic incidents (25%), severe weather (15%), work zones, (10%), and special events (5%). Between 1995 and 2005, the average percentage change in increased peak traveler delay, based on hours spent in traffic in a year, grew by 22% as the national average of hours spent in delay grew from 36 hours to 44 hours. Peak delay per traveler grew one-third in medium-size urban areas over the 10 year period. The traffic engineering community has developed an arsenal of integrated tools to mitigate the impacts of congestion on freeway throughput and performance, including pricing of capacity to manage demand for travel. Congestion pricing is a strategy which dynamically matches demand with available capacity. A congestion price is a user fee equal to the added cost imposed on other travelers as a result of the last traveler's entry into the highway network. The concept is based on the idea that motorists should pay for the additional congestion they create when entering a congested road. The concept calls for fees to vary according to the level of congestion with the price mechanism applied to make travelers more fully aware of the congestion externality they impose on other travelers and the system itself. The operational rationales for the institution of pricing strategies are to improve the efficiency of operations in a corridor and/or to better manage congestion. To this end, the objectives of this project were to: (1) Better understand and quantify the impacts of congestion pricing strategies on traffic operations through the study of actual projects, and (2) Better understand and quantify the impacts of congestion pricing strategies on traffic operations through the use of modeling and other analytical methods. Specifically, the project was to identify credible analytical procedures that FHWA can use to quantify the impacts of various congestion pricing strategies on traffic flow (throughput) and congestion.

Chin, Shih-Miao [ORNL; Hu, Patricia S [ORNL; Davidson, Diane [ORNL

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Road traffic congestion in the developing world  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Road traffic jams continue to remain a major problem in most cities around the world, especially in developing regions resulting in massive delays, increased fuel wastage and monetary losses. Due to the poorly planned road networks, a common outcome ... Keywords: congestion collapse, simulation, traffic congestion, traffic detection

Vipin Jain; Ashlesh Sharma; Lakshminarayanan Subramanian

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE Congestive Heart Failure: Condition in which the heart muscle can not pump enough  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE Congestive Heart Failure: Condition in which the heart muscle can not pump enough blood to the body to meet the organs demands. Heart muscle dilatation, muscle fibers hypertrophy, and increased heart rate are the clinical markers of disease progression as the heart attempts to compensate

5

Full Text of the National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2009  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DECEMBER DECEMBER 2009 U.S. Department of Energy NATIONAL ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CONGESTION STUDY DECEMBER 2009 U.S. Department of Energy NATIONAL ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CONGESTION STUDY DECEMBER 2009 U.S. Department of Energy Note to Readers As the Department of Energy (DOE) stated when it announced the beginning of its work on this study in May 2006, the 2009 Congestion Study focused on the identification of existing electric transmission-level congestion based on publicly available historic information and data related to transmission congestion. The information and data used by DOE in conducting the analysis in this study was that which was available through May 2009. As a result the study does not address the possible impacts of the recent recession on congestion, or any other recent events, reports, or other developments affecting congestion. Consistent with the requirements

6

“Playboy Bunny” Sign of Congestive Heart Failure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bunny’’ Sign of Congestive Heart Failure Akira Hokama, MD*to evaluate congestive heart failure. We highlight ‘‘Playboycaused by congestive heart failure. [West J Emerg Med. 2011;

Hokama, Akira; Arakaki, Shingo; Shibata, Daisuke; Maeshiro, Tatsuji; Kinjo, Fukunori; Fujita, Jiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshops | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Technology Development » Transmission Planning » Services » Technology Development » Transmission Planning » Congestion Studies » 2009 Congestion Study » 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshops 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshops DOE hosted six regional pre-study workshops in mid-2008 to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study, including comments on practical metrics for gauging levels and significance of transmission congestion. Each workshop featured a panel of invited speakers to present their views and comments. For details, including agendas, transcripts, and documents submitted for consideration for the 2009 study, please select a workshop, below. June 11, 2008 San Francisco, CA June 18, 2008 Oklahoma City, OK

8

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2006 Area Maps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Transmission National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Congestion Study Congestion Area Maps Congestion Area Maps U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of Energy...

9

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Electric Transmission Congestion...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in FPA section 2 16(a)(l), the Department issued the Congestion Study on August 8, 2006 and requested comments. The Congestion Study gathered historical congestion data obtained...

10

Revisiting TCP congestion control using delay gradients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditional loss-based TCP congestion control (CC) tends to induce high queuing delays and perform badly across paths containing links that exhibit packet losses unrelated to congestion. Delay-based TCP CC algorithms infer congestion from delay measurements ...

David A. Hayes; Grenville Armitage

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Energy-efficient congestion control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Various link bandwidth adjustment mechanisms are being developed to save network energy. However, their interaction with congestion control can significantly reduce network throughput, and is not well understood. We firstly put forward a framework to ... Keywords: bandwidth adjustment, congestion control, stability

Lingwen Gan; Anwar Walid; Steven Low

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Efficiency and profit in the NYISO transmission congestion contract market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evidence of speculator profit and TCC price less than congestion charges suggests that additional competition in the TCC auction should be encouraged as a way to increase efficiency and lower the price of this ''insurance'' for hedgers. (author)

Hadsell, Lester; Shawky, Hany A.

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

13

Electricity Transmission Congestion Costs: A Review of Recent...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity Transmission Congestion Costs: A Review of Recent Reports Electricity Transmission Congestion Costs: A Review of Recent Reports This study reviews reports of congestion...

14

Study of Proposed Internet Congestion Control Algorithms*  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Algorithms* Kevin L. Mills, NIST (joint ... Page 2. Study of Proposed Internet Congestion Control Algorithms – Mills et al. Innovations ...

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Towards experimental evaluation of explicit congestion control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Innovative efforts to provide a clean-slate design of congestion control for future high-speed heterogeneous networks have recently led to the development of explicit congestion control. These methods rely on multi-byte router feedback and aim to contribute ... Keywords: Congestion control, Explicit-feedback, Linux experiment

Yueping Zhang; Saurabh Jain; Dmitri Loguinov

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

U.S. Department of Energy 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

12 National Electric 12 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Eastern Regional Workshop St. Louis, MO Rep. Tom Sloan, Kansas Congestion Means: Convergence of Political and Technological Limitations on Operation of Grid Price signal to incent investment in local generation or/and regional transmission or/and increased energy conservation investments An impediment to moving large amounts of lower-cost renewable energy to distant load centers An opportunity for the DOE to Partner with stakeholders on innovative programs to address the political impediments to alleviating congestion Commend DOE Efforts to Address Political Congestion: Reaching out to Lauren Azar and an RTO Engineer Carefully Considering DOE Electricity Advisory Committee Recommendations

17

RAP: An end-to-end rate-based congestion control mechanism for realtime streams in the internet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract-End-to-end congestion control mechanisms have been critical to the robustness and stability of the Internet. Most of today’s Internet trafftc is TCP, and we expect this to remain so in the future. Thus, having “TCP-friendly ” behavior is crucial for new applications. However, the emergence of non-congestion-controlled realtime applications threatens unfairness to competing TCP traffic and possible congestion collapse. We present an end-to-end TCP-friendly Rate Adaptation Protocol (RAP), which employs an additive-increase, multiplicativedecrease (AIMD) algorithm. It is well suited for unicast playback of realtime streams and other semi-reliable rate-based applications. Its primary goal is to be fair and TCP-friendly while separating network congestion control from application-level reliability. We evaluate RAP through extensive simulation, and conclude that bandwidth is usually evenly shared between TCP and RAP traffic. Unfairness to TCP traffic is directly determined by how TCP diverges from the AIMD algorithm. Basic RAP behaves in a TCPfriendly fashion in a wide range of likely conditions, but we also devised a fine-grain rate adaptation mechanism to extend this range further. Finally, we show that deploying RED queue management can result in an ideal fairness between TCP and RAP traffic. I.

Reza Rejaie; Mark H; Deborah Estrin

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

A Clean Slate Design of Internet's Congestion Control Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Clean Slate Design of Internet's Congestion Control Algorithm Nandita Dukkipati (Collaborators. Slow additive increase means flows take a long time to acquire spare capacity 2. Unsustainable large delay 1 RT T p = 3/(2w2 ) #12;Explicit Control Protocol (XCP) · Proposed by Katabi et. al Sigcomm 2002

Duffy, Ken

19

Transmission congestion contracts and strategic behavior in generation  

SciTech Connect

Capacity constraints on the transmission network--the key to achieving most of the economic benefits promised by restructuring--affect competition in electricity generation. Despite early speculation to the contrary, economic models are unable to predict whether imperfect competition in generation increases or reduces transmission congestion payments.

Nasser, T.O. [McKinsey and Co., Washington, DC (United States)] [McKinsey and Co., Washington, DC (United States)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

2009 Electric Transmission Congestion Study | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 Electric Transmission Congestion Study 9 Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2009 Electric Transmission Congestion Study The 2009 National Congestion Electric Transmission Study, required by section 216(a) of the Federal Power Act, examines transmission congestion constraints across the Nation and identifies areas that are transmission-constrained, but does not make recommendations concerning existing or new National Corridor designations. This is the second Congestion Study the Department has conducted, with the first issued in 2006. Public comments received after the release of the 2009 Congestion Study can be found here. National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2009 Executive Summary Full Text of the National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2009 More Documents & Publications

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Atlanta Workshop |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Atlanta 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Atlanta Workshop 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Atlanta Workshop On July 29, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Atlanta, GA to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The agenda and full transcript are available below. 7-29-08 Congestion Workshop Agenda - Atlanta, GA.pdf Transcript - 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Atlanta Workshop.pdf More Documents & Publications 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - San Francisco Workshop 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - St. Louis Workshop 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Las Vegas Workshop

22

2009 Electric Transmission Congestion Study | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2009 Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2009 Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2009 Electric Transmission Congestion Study The 2009 National Congestion Electric Transmission Study, required by section 216(a) of the Federal Power Act, examines transmission congestion constraints across the Nation and identifies areas that are transmission-constrained, but does not make recommendations concerning existing or new National Corridor designations. This is the second Congestion Study the Department has conducted, with the first issued in 2006. Public comments received after the release of the 2009 Congestion Study can be found here. National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2009 Executive Summary Full Text of the National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2009 More Documents & Publications

23

Transmission Congestion Study COMMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED EDISION...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Preparation of the 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study COMMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED EDISION COMPANY OF NEW YORK. INC. AND ORANGE AND ROCKLAND UTILITIES, INC....

24

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Hartford...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hartford Workshop 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Hartford Workshop On July 9, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Hartford, CT to receive...

25

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Philadelphia...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Philadelphia Workshop 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Philadelphia Workshop On December 6, 2011, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Philadelphia, PA...

26

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Oklahoma...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Oklahoma City Workshop 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Oklahoma City Workshop On June 18, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Oklahoma City,...

27

2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Related...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Related Materials 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Related Materials The 2006 National Congestion Electric Transmission Study, required by section...

28

Finding ways out of congestion for the Chicago Loop : a microscopic simulation approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the past two decades, the City of Chicago, as many of its counterparts in the U.S., has experienced a great increase in traffic congestion, which limits regional mobility, induces a huge amount of energy waste and ...

Jiang, Shan, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Estimating current and future benefits of airport surface congestion management techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air traffic is expected to continue to grow in the future and improved methods for dealing with the increased demand on the system need to be designed and implemented. One method for reducing surface congestion at airports ...

Nakahara, Alex (Alex Hiroo)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Transport growth in Bangkok: Energy, environment, and traffic congestion. Workshop proceedings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, is a physically and economically complexcity with a complicated transport system. With daily traffic congestion averaging 16 hours, the air quality is such that to breathe street level pollution for 8 eight hours is roughly equivalent to smoking nine cigarettes per day. Estimates suggest idling traffic costs up to $1.6 billion annually. Energy use within the transport sector is on a steady rise with an estimated increase in 11 years of two and one half times. Severe health impacts have begun to effect many residents - young children and the elderly being particularly vulnerable. Bangkok`s air quality and congestion problems are far from hopeless. Great potential exists for Bangkok to remedy its transport-related problems. The city has many necessary characteristics that allow an efficient, economical system of transport. For example, its high density level makes the city a prime candidate for an efficient system of mass transit and the multitude and close proximity of shops, street vendors, restaurants, and residential areas is highly conducive to walking and cycling. Technical knowledge and capacity to devise and implement innovative policies and projects to address air quality and congestion problems is plentiful. There is also consensus among Bangkokians that something needs to be done immediately to clear the air and the roads. However, little has been done. This report proposes a new approach to transport planning for Bangkok that integrates consideration of ecological, social, and financial viability in the process of making decisions regarding managing existing infrastructure and investments in new infrastructure. Selected papers have been indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

Philpott, J. [Asia Regional Office, Bangkok (Thailand)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Philadelphia  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Philadelphia Philadelphia Workshop 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Philadelphia Workshop On December 6, 2011, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Philadelphia, PA to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The workshop flyer, agenda, presentations, and full transcript are available below. National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012 Eastern Workshops.pdf 12-06-11 Congestion Workshop Agenda - Philadelphia (final).pdf Introduction by David Meyer, DOE.pdf Presentation by Edward Finley, NCUC.pdf Presentation by Betty Ann Kane, DC PSC.pdf Presentation by Robert Bradish, American Electric Power.pdf Presentation by John Buechler, NYISO.pdf Presentation by Jim Busbin, Southern Company.pdf

32

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study: Presentation from  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study: Presentation National Electric Transmission Congestion Study: Presentation from Congestion Study Webinar Series 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study: Presentation from Congestion Study Webinar Series August 21, 2012 - 12:29pm Addthis The Department is preparing the 2012 Congestion Study now, and is hosting three webinars in August 2012 to receive input and suggestions concerning the preliminary findings of the study. The updated presentation used in the webinars is now available. Addthis Related Articles 2012 Congestion Study Webinars to Present Preliminary Findings and Receive Input from Stakeholders 2012 Congestion Study Workshops to be Held in December; Agendas Now Available Federal Register Notice: Plan for Conduct of 2012 Electric Transmission Congestion Study

33

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Las Vegas Workshop |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Las Vegas 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Las Vegas Workshop 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Las Vegas Workshop On August 6, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Las Vegas, NV to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The agenda and full transcript available below. 8-06-08 Congestion Workshop Agenda - Las Vegas, NV.pdf Transcript - 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Las Vegas Workshop.pdf More Documents & Publications 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - San Francisco Workshop 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Chicago Workshop 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - San Diego Workshop

34

Great Tool or Gold Standard? B-Type Natriuretic Peptide and Congestive Heart Failure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

department have congestive heart failure? JAMA McKee PA,natural history of congestive heart failure: the Framinghamin diagnosing congestive heart failure in the dyspneic

Montez, Jeremy; Henderson, Sean O

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

The effectiveness of jobs-housing balance as a strategy for reducing traffic congestion: a study of metropolitan Bangkok  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bangkok is widely known for its severe traffic congestion. The Thai government advocates the concept of jobs and housing balance (JHB) as a strategy for reducing traffic congestion in Metropolitan Bangkok. The basic idea is to decentralize the jobs to the neighboring provinces so that the commuters would live closer to their workplaces and thereby alleviate traffic congestion. The main purpose of this research is to examine empirically the effectiveness of JHB in reducing the severity of traffic congestion in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. For this purpose, three data sets derived from the Bangkok Metropolitan Region Extended City Model (BMR-ECM) were obtained from the Office of the Commission for the Management of Land Traffic and the National Statistical Office of Thailand. Travel time index (TTI) was developed to measure congestion. In addition to JHB, a number of land use variables were included in the analysis. They are population density, school density, and job accessibility index. Multiple regression models of TTI as functions of JHB and other variables were estimated at two geographic scales: subsector and traffic analysis zone (TAZ). The study finds JHB is significant in influencing congestion levels in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. Other influential factors include the population density, school density, and job accessibility. All of these factors are found to be statistically significant in explaining the variation of traffic congestion at the traffic analysis zone level, but not at the subsector level, however.

Lobyaem, Sonchai

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Hartford Workshop |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Hartford 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Hartford Workshop 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Hartford Workshop On July 9, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Hartford, CT to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The agenda, full transcript, and documents submitted for consideration for the 2009 study are available below. 7-09-08 Congestion Workshop Agenda - Hartford, CT.pdf Transcript - 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Hartford Workshop.pdf Comments of the New York Independent System Operator, submitted at 2009 Congestion Study Hartford workshop_0.pdf Prepared Remarks of Brian Forshaw, Connecticut Municipal Electric Energy Cooperative, submitted at 2009 Congestion Study Hartford workshop_0.pdf

37

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Congestion Mitigation Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program on AddThis.com...

38

2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Related Materials  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Related 6 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Related Materials 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Related Materials The 2006 National Congestion Electric Transmission Study, required by section 216(a) of the Federal Power Act, examines transmission congestion constraints and identifies areas that are transmission-constrained. This is the first Congestion Study the Department conducted. Based on this study, two National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors were designated in 2007. They were invalidated by a federal appeals court in 2011. Comments and form letters were submitted by the public in response to this study. National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2006 Executive Summary Full Text of the National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2006

39

Techniques for mitigating congestion in wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Network congestion occurs when offered traffic load exceeds available capacity at any point in a network. In wireless sensor networks, congestion causes overall channel quality to degrade and loss rates to rise, leads to ...

Hull, Bret Warren, 1980-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Contrasting Regional Responses to Increasing Leaf-Level Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide over Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a coupled atmosphere–land surface model, simulations were conducted to characterize the regional climate changes that result from the response of stomates to increases in leaf-level carbon dioxide (CO2) under differing conditions of ...

Faye T. Cruz; Andrew J. Pitman; John L. McGregor; Jason P. Evans

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Public Comments on the National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Comments on the National Electric Transmission Congestion Comments on the National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012 Public Comments on the National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012 The Department issued a Federal Register Notice initiating preparations for development of the 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. DOE requested comments on what publicly-available data and information should be considered, and what types of analysis should be performed to identify and understand the significance and character of transmission congestion. The following public comments were received as of March 30, 2012, in response to the 2012 study. DOE appreciates the comments that various individuals and organizations submitted. Comments were received from these organizations, listed alphabetically.

42

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - San Francisco  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

San San Francisco Workshop 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - San Francisco Workshop On June 11, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in San Francisco, CA to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The agenda, full transcript, and documents submitted for consideration for the 2009 study are available below. 6-11-08 Congestion Workshop Agenda - San Francisco, CA.pdf Transcript - 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study San Francisco Workshop.pdf California Initiatives To Be Considered in DOE's 2009 Congestion Study, submitted at 2009 Congestion Study San Francisco workshop.pdf Arizona Renewable Transmission Task Force BTA Response, submitted at 2009 Congestion Study San Francisco workshop.pdf

43

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 9 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Section 216(a) of the Federal Power Act, as amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005, directs the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct a study every three years on electric transmission congestion and constraints within the Eastern and Western Interconnections. Based on these studies, and comments concerning them from states and other stakeholders, the Secretary of Energy may designate any geographic area experiencing electric transmission capacity constraints or congestion as a national interest electric transmission corridor (National Corridor). The 2009 study is the second Congestion Study that the Department conducted. The first Congestion Study was conducted in 2006. Preparations

44

London Congestion Pricing: Implications for Other Cities | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

London Congestion Pricing: Implications for Other Cities London Congestion Pricing: Implications for Other Cities Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: London Congestion Pricing: Implications for Other Cities Agency/Company /Organization: Victoria Transport Policy Institute Focus Area: Standards - Incentives - Policies - Regulations Topics: Best Practices Website: www.vtpi.org/london.pdf Congestion charging has reduced traffic congestion, improved bus and taxi service, and generated substantial revenues. There is now support to expand the program to other parts of London and other cities in the United Kingdom. This is the first congestion pricing program in a major European city, and its success suggests that congestion pricing may become more politically feasible elsewhere. How to Use This Tool

45

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Chicago Workshop |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chicago Chicago Workshop 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Chicago Workshop On September 17, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Chicago, IL to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The agenda, full transcript, and documents submitted for consideration for the 2009 study are available below. 9-17-08 Congestion Workshop Agenda - Chicago, IL.pdf Transcript - 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Chicago Workshop.pdf Statement of Michael J. Kormos, PJM Interconnection, submitted at 2009 Congestion Study Chicago workshop.pdf More Documents & Publications 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - San Francisco Workshop 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Las Vegas Workshop

46

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - San Francisco  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

San San Francisco Workshop 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - San Francisco Workshop On June 11, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in San Francisco, CA to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The agenda, full transcript, and documents submitted for consideration for the 2009 study are available below. 6-11-08 Congestion Workshop Agenda - San Francisco, CA.pdf Transcript - 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study San Francisco Workshop.pdf California Initiatives To Be Considered in DOE's 2009 Congestion Study, submitted at 2009 Congestion Study San Francisco workshop.pdf Arizona Renewable Transmission Task Force BTA Response, submitted at 2009 Congestion Study San Francisco workshop.pdf

47

Definition: Congestion Management Report | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Management Report Management Report Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Congestion Management Report A report that the Interchange Distribution Calculator issues when a Reliability Coordinator initiates the Transmission Loading Relief procedure. This report identifies the transactions and native and network load curtailments that must be initiated to achieve the loading relief requested by the initiating Reliability Coordinator.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms transmission lines, Reliability Coordinator, Interchange Distribution Calculator, transmission line, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inli LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ne Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Congestion_Management_Report&oldid=502584"

48

Definition: Reduced Congestion Cost | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cost Cost Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reduced Congestion Cost Transmission congestion is a phenomenon that occurs in electric power markets. It happens when scheduled market transactions (generation and load) result in power flow over a transmission element that exceeds the available capacity for that element. Since grid operators must ensure that physical overloads do not occur, they will dispatch generation so as to prevent them. The functions that provide this benefit provide lower cost energy, decrease loading on system elements, shift load to off-peak, or allow the grid operator to manage the flow of electricity around constrained interfaces (i.e. dynamic line capability or power flow control).[1] Related Terms power, transmission lines, load, element, electricity

49

Rethinking end-to-end congestion control in software-defined networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TCP is designed to operate in a wide range of networks. Without any knowledge of the underlying network and traffic characteristics, TCP is doomed to continuously increase and decrease its congestion window size to embrace changes in network or traffic. ... Keywords: TCP, data center, software-defined network

Monia Ghobadi; Soheil Hassas Yeganeh; Yashar Ganjali

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Chicago Workshop |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chicago Chicago Workshop 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Chicago Workshop On September 17, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Chicago, IL to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The agenda, full transcript, and documents submitted for consideration for the 2009 study are available below. 9-17-08 Congestion Workshop Agenda - Chicago, IL.pdf Transcript - 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Chicago Workshop.pdf Statement of Michael J. Kormos, PJM Interconnection, submitted at 2009 Congestion Study Chicago workshop.pdf More Documents & Publications Blackout 2003: Electric System Working Group Technical Conference - Comments and Recommendations 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - San Francisco

51

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Oklahoma City  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oklahoma Oklahoma City Workshop 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Oklahoma City Workshop On June 18, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Oklahoma City, OK to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The agenda, full transcript, and documents submitted for consideration for the 2009 study are available below. 6-18-08 Congestion Workshop Agenda - Oklahoma City, OK.pdf Transcript - 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Oklahoma City Workshop.pdf Independent Market Monitor Monthly Market Metrics Report, May 2008, submitted at 2009 Congestion Study Oklahoma City workshop.pdf Comments of the Missouri Public Service Missouri Commission, submitted at 2009 Congestion Study Oklahoma City workshop.pdf

52

ISC-Reducing Congestion through Smart Parking Management | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ISC-Reducing Congestion through Smart Parking Management ISC-Reducing Congestion through Smart Parking Management Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: ISC-Reducing Congestion through Smart Parking Management Agency/Company /Organization: Institute for Sustainable Communities (ISC) Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Transportation Resource Type: Case studies/examples, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.iscvt.org/resources/documents/san_francisco_sfpark.pdf Locality: San Francisco, California Cost: Free Language: English ISC-Reducing Congestion through Smart Parking Management Screenshot References: Reducing Congestion through Smart Parking Management[1] "The transit study concluded that congestion is a primary factor reducing the reliability and speed of onroad transit, which in turn is exacerbated

53

Reducing Congestion through Smart Parking Management | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reducing Congestion through Smart Parking Management Reducing Congestion through Smart Parking Management Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Reducing Congestion through Smart Parking Management Agency/Company /Organization: Institute for Sustainable Communities Focus Area: Standards - Incentives - Policies - Regulations Topics: Best Practices Resource Type: Reports, Journal Articles, & Tools Website: www.iscvt.org/resources/documents/san_francisco_sfpark.pdf SFpark is a new project being implemented with federal Urban Partnership Program funds. It combines innovative technologies and strategies to redistribute the demand for parking in real-time. Goals include making parking easier, reducing congestion (by reducing circling and double parking), improving bus speed and reliability, and transferring lessons learned to other cities.

54

Congestion Study Designations 2006: FAQ | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Study Designations 2006: FAQ U.S. Department of Energy: National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Designation of National Corridors Frequently Asked Questions,...

55

Electricity transmission congestion costs: A review of recent reports  

SciTech Connect

Recently, independent system operators (ISOs) and others have published reports on the costs of transmission congestion. The magnitude of congestion costs cited in these reports has contributed to the national discussion on the current state of U.S. electricity transmission system and whether it provides an adequate platform for competition in wholesale electricity markets. This report reviews reports of congestion costs and begins to assess their implications for the current national discussion on the importance of the U.S. electricity transmission system for enabling competitive wholesale electricity markets. As a guiding principle, we posit that a more robust electricity system could reduce congestion costs; and thereby, (1) facilitate more vibrant and fair competition in wholesale electricity markets, and (2) enable consumers to seek out the lowest prices for electricity. Yet, examining the details suggests that, sometimes, there will be trade-offs between these goals. Therefore, it is essential to understand who pays, how much, and how do they benefit in evaluating options (both transmission and non-transmission alternatives) to address transmission congestion. To describe the differences among published estimates of congestion costs, we develop and motivate three ways by which transmission congestion costs are calculated in restructured markets. The assessment demonstrates that published transmission congestion costs are not directly comparable because they have been developed to serve different purposes. More importantly, critical information needed to make them more comparable, for example in order to evaluate the impacts of options to relieve congestion, is sometimes not available.

Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Eto, Joseph H.

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Prices, capacities and service quality in a congestible Bertrand duopoly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dender, Kurt. 2004. “Duopoly prices under congested access,”of demand on capacities and prices, see (3), has been madefacilities, even when price discrimination is allowed. r dq

De Borger, Bruno; Van Dender, Kurt

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Optimization Online - Price of Anarchy for Non-atomic Congestion ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 17, 2013 ... Price of Anarchy for Non-atomic Congestion Games with Stochastic Demands. Chenlan Wang(chenlan.wang ***at*** warwick.ac.uk) Xuan Vinh ...

58

Congestive heart failure: treat the disease, not the symptom: return to normalcy/Part II--the experimental approach.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Number: Title: Congestive heart failure: treat the diseaseinvited) TITLE: Congestive heart failure: treat the diseasetreatment of congestive heart failure due to post-infarction

Buckberg, Gerald D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Policing congestion response in an internetwork using re-feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a novel feedback arrangement, termed re-feedback. It ensures metrics in data headers such as time to live and congestion notification will arrive at each relay carrying a truthful prediction of the remainder of their path. We propose ... Keywords: QoS, characterisation, congestion, incentives, policing

Bob Briscoe; Arnaud Jacquet; Carla Di Cairano-Gilfedder; Alessandro Salvatori; Andrea Soppera; Martin Koyabe

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Congestion, excess demand, and effective capacity in California freeways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demand is first met at free flow speeds, until the demand exceeds maximum throughput and congestionCongestion, excess demand, and effective capacity in California freeways£ Zhanfeng Jia, Pravin empirical study of freeways in Los Angeles and Orange County. First, maximum throughput occurs at the free

Varaiya, Pravin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

2012 Congestion Study Webinars to Present Preliminary Findings and Receive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Congestion Study Webinars to Present Preliminary Findings and Congestion Study Webinars to Present Preliminary Findings and Receive Input from Stakeholders 2012 Congestion Study Webinars to Present Preliminary Findings and Receive Input from Stakeholders July 19, 2012 - 9:00am Addthis The Department of Energy will host three webinars in August 2012 to present the preliminary findings of the 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and to receive input and suggestions from state officials, industry representatives, and other stakeholders. Two of the webinars will be designed to discuss with state officials the initial findings of the DOE 2012 congestion analysis. The third webinar will be for industry representatives and other interested parties, although stakeholders may dial into any of the three meetings.

62

2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Federal 6 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Federal Register Notice & Comments 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Federal Register Notice & Comments The Federal Register Notice of Inquiry requesting comments and providing notice of a technical conference for the 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study was issued February 2, 2006. February 2, 2006 Federal Register Notice of Inquiry Comments to the Feb 06 FRN received as of March 9, 2006 Comments to the Feb 06 FRN received after March 9, 2006 More Documents & Publications Proceedings of the March 29, 2006 Conference for the 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Session 2 Proceedings of the March 29, 2006 Conference for the 2006 National Electric

63

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2006 Executive Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EXECUTIVE EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AUGUST 2006 U.S. Department of Energy NATIONAL ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CONGESTION STUDY EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AUGUST 2006 U.S. Department of Energy Executive Summary Section 1221(a) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 amended the Federal Power Act (FPA) by adding a new section 216 to that Act. FPA section 216(a) di- rected the Secretary of Energy to conduct a nation- wide study of electric transmission congestion 1 by August 8, 2006. Based upon the congestion study, comments thereon, and considerations that include economics, reliability, fuel diversity, national en- ergy policy, and national security, the Secretary may designate "any geographic area experiencing electric energy transmission capacity constraints or congestion that adversely affects customers as a na- tional interest electric transmission corridor." The national congestion study

64

2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 6 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Section 216(a) of the Federal Power Act, as amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005, directs the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct a study every three years on electric transmission congestion and constraints within the Eastern and Western Interconnections. Based on these studies, and comments concerning them from states and other stakeholders, the Secretary of Energy may designate any geographic area experiencing electric transmission capacity constraints or congestion as a national interest electric transmission corridor (National Corridor). Based on the 2006 study, two National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors were designated in 2007. These were invalidated by a federal appeals court in

65

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Webinars | Department  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012 » 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Webinars 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Webinars The Department of Energy hosted three webinars in August 2012 to present the preliminary findings of DOE's 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study, with time in each for dialogue and discussion. Two of the webinars were to discuss with state officials the initial findings of the DOE 2012 congestion analysis. The third webinar was for industry representatives and other interested parties, although stakeholders could dial into any of the three meetings. The webinars were held on: Tuesday, August 7, 2012 2-3:30 pm ET (state focus) Thursday, August 16, 2012 2-3:30 pm ET (industry and others)

66

Congestion Study and Criteria for Designation of NIETC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Conference on Congestion Study and Designation of NIETC 3/29/06 REK -1 Conference on Congestion Study and Designation of NIETC 3/29/06 REK -1 Robert Kondziolka, P.E. Robert Kondziolka, P.E. Manager, Salt River Project Manager, Salt River Project March 29, 2006 March 29, 2006 Chicago, Illinois Chicago, Illinois How Do NIETC Add Value To How Do NIETC Add Value To Existing Planning & Existing Planning & Siting Siting Processes Processes Public Technical Conference Public Technical Conference DOE Congestion Study and Criteria for DOE Congestion Study and Criteria for Designation of National Interest Electric Designation of National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors Transmission Corridors DOE Technical Conference on Congestion Study and Designation of NIETC 3/29/06 REK -2 Northwest Transmission Assessment Committee Rocky Mountain

67

Electricity Transmission Congestion Costs: A Review of Recent Reports |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity Transmission Congestion Costs: A Review of Recent Electricity Transmission Congestion Costs: A Review of Recent Reports Electricity Transmission Congestion Costs: A Review of Recent Reports This study reviews reports of congestion costs and begins to assess their implications for the current national discussion on the importance of the U.S. electricity transmission system for enabling competitive wholesale electricity markets. As a guiding principle, we posit that a more robust electricity system could reduce congestion costs; and thereby, 1) facilitate more vibrant and fair competition in wholesale electricity markets, and 2)enable consumers to seek out the lowest prices for electricity. Yet, examining the details suggests that, sometimes, there will be trade-offs between these goals. Therefore, it is

68

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2012 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study The Department issued a Federal Register Notice initiating preparations for development of the 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. DOE hosted four regional pre-study workshops in early December 2011 to receive input and suggestions concerning the study. DOE appreciates the comments that various individuals and organizations submitted. The Department is preparing the 2012 Congestion Study now, and hosted three webinars in August 2012 to receive input and suggestions concerning the preliminary findings of the study. The presentation used in the webinars is now available. Later this year, DOE will release a draft of the study

69

Grid Friendly Appliances – Load-side Solution for Congestion Management  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the effectiveness of deploying grid-friendly{trademark} appliances (GFAs) as a load-side solution for congestion management in a competitive electricity market, with the residential house ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) load used as an example. A GFA is an appliance that can have a sensor and a controller installed to detect price, voltage, or frequency signals and turn on/off according to certain control logic. By using the congestion price as a signal to shift GFA power consumption from high-price periods to low-price periods to reduce load in load pocket areas, transmission line congestion can be successfully mitigated. The magnitude of GFA load reduction and the location of the GFA resources are critical to relieve congestion on targeted lines while not causing other lines to congest. Simulation results are presented and the impact of implementing price-responsive GFAs on the power grid is also studied.

Lu, Ning; Nguyen, Tony B.

2006-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

70

MTCP: Scalable TCP-like Congestion Control for Reliable Multicast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present MTCP, a congestion control scheme for large-scale reliable multicast. Congestion control for reliable multicast is important, because of its wide applications in multimedia and collaborative computing, yet nontrivial, because of the potentially large number of receivers involved. Many schemes have been proposed to handle the recovery of lost packets in a scalable manner, but there is little work on the design and implementation of congestion control schemes for reliable multicast. We propose new techniques that can effectively handle instances of congestion occurring simultaneously at various parts of a multicast tree. Our protocol incorporates several novel features: (1) hierarchical congestion status reports that distribute the load of processing feedback from all receivers across the multicast group, (2) the relative time delay (RTD) concept which overcomes the difficulty of estimating round-trip times in tree-based multicast environments, (3) window-based control that pr...

Injong Rhee Nallathambi; Injong Rhee; Nallathambi Balaguru; George N. Rouskas

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Concerning Cap and Trade Programs in Electricity: the CaseCap and Trade Regulation on Congested Electricity Marketcap and trade regu- lation on congested electricity market

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Sea Level Changes under Increasing Atmospheric CO2 in a Transient Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere GCM Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climate change resulting from the enhanced greenhouse effect of increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations is expected to bring about global and local changes in sea level. A global rise in sea level would result from thermal expansion of seawater ...

J. M. Gregory

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study: Preliminary Findings - updated presentation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Meyer Meyer Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability U.S. Department of Energy 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Preliminary Findings Stakeholder Consultation Webinars August 2012 Background  The Energy Policy Act of 2005 amended the Federal Power Act to require DOE to conduct a transmission congestion study every three years, in consultation with the states.  DOE published a study in 2006, and a second for 2009 (in early 2010). We are now preparing the 2012 study.  Statutory text directs DOE to seek to identify "geographic areas experiencing ... transmission capacity constraints or congestion that adversely affects consumers ...."  Statute also authorizes (but does not require) the Secretary

74

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - St. Louis Workshop |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

St. Louis St. Louis Workshop 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - St. Louis Workshop On December 8, 2011, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in St. Louis, MO to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The workshop flyer, agenda, presentations, and full transcript are available below. National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012 Eastern Workshops 12-08-11 Congestion Workshop Agenda - St Louis (final).pdf Introduction by David Meyer, DOE Presentation by Kevin Gunn, MO PSC.pdf Presentation by Jerry Lein, ND PSC.pdf Presentation by Tom Sloan, KS Legislature.pdf Presentation by Maureen Borkowski, Ameren.pdf Presentation by Laureen L Ross McCalib, Great River Energy.pdf Presentation by Dale Osborn, MISO.pdf

75

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshops | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transmission Planning » Transmission Planning » Congestion Studies » 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshops 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshops DOE hosted four regional pre-study workshops in early December 2011 to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. For details, please select a workshop, below. Agendas, presentations, and transcripts are available on the individual workshop pages; please select a workshop from the list below. Note: The November 10, 2011 Federal Register notice incorrectly stated that the four regional workshops would be simulcast over the Internet and that advanced registration for the Webcasts was required. The workshops were not simulcast. The Department requested, but did not require, those who

76

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012 Workshops | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transmission Congestion Study 2012 Workshops Transmission Congestion Study 2012 Workshops National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012 Workshops DOE will host four regional pre-study workshops in early December 2011 to receive input and suggestions concerning the National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012. For details, please see the pdfs, below. Online registration for these workshops is now available. Agendas are available below. Note: The November 10, 2011 Federal Register notice incorrectly stated that the four regional workshops will be simulcast over the Internet and that advanced registration for the Webcasts is required. The workshops will not be simulcast. The Department requests, but does not require, those who are planning to attend the workshops in person to pre-register using the link

77

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Portland Workshop |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Portland Portland Workshop 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Portland Workshop On December 13, 2011, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Portland, OR to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The workshop flyer, agenda, presentations, and full transcript are available below. National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012 Western Workshops.pdf 12-13-11 CONGESTION WORKSHOP AGENDA - PORTLAND (final).pdf Introduction by David Meyer, DOE .pdf Presentation by Steve Oxley, WY PSC.pdf Presentation by Rich Bayless, NTTG.pdf Presentation by Susan Henderson, Xcel Energy.pdf Presentation by Marv Landauer, ColumbiaGrid.pdf Presentation by Steve Metague, PGE.pdf Presentation by Bradley Nickell, WECC.pdf

78

20120131 DOE Congestion Study Clean Line Comments 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY 2012 NATIONAL ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CONGESTION STUDY COMMENTS OF CLEAN LINE ENERGY PARTNERS LLC January 31, 2012 Clean Line Energy Partners LLC ("Clean Line") respectfully submits these comments in response to the Department of Energy's ("DOE") Plan for Conduct of 2012 Electric Transmission Congestion Study ("Congestion Study") as published in the Federal Register on November 11, 2011. Clean Line appreciates the DOE's renewed efforts to gather and review existing and new transmission data across the nation (as per 76 FR 70122) to develop a list of congestion areas that may be eligible for backstop authority under 216a of the Federal Power

79

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - San Diego...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

San Diego Workshop 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - San Diego Workshop On December 15, 2011, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in San Diego, CA to...

80

Towards understanding the impacts of congestion pricing on urban trucking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding policy impacts on freight is essential for planners who have overlooked this transport group in the past and must evaluate new congestion alleviation policies with respect to regional economic and social ...

Waliszewski, Janine M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study- San Diego Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On December 15, 2011, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in San Diego, CA to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The workshop...

82

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study: Preliminary Findings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department is preparing the 2012 Congestion Study now, and is hosting three webinars in August 2012 to receive input and suggestions concerning the preliminary findings of the study. The...

83

Adaptive congestion control of high speed ATM networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Proportional control methods of controlling congestion in high speed ATM networks fail to achieve the desired performance due to the action delays, nonlinearities, and uncertainties in control loop. In this paper an adaptive minimum variance controller ...

Morteza Mosavi; Mahdi Jalili-Kharaajoo

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Microsoft Word - DOE Congestion Workshop Philadelphia 12-6-11...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to conduct and issue a Congestion Study every three 23 years. We conducted studies in 2006 and 2009, so now 24 4 we're doing the 2012 Study. We have a definition here 1 of...

85

Measuring congestion and emissions : a network model for Mexico City  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Congestion is a major problem for the major cities of today. It reduces mobility, slows economic growth, and is a major cause of emissions. Vehicles traveling at slow speeds emit significantly more pollutants than vehicles ...

Amano, Yasuaki Daniel, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Full Text of the National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2006  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AUGUST AUGUST 2006 U.S. Department of Energy NATIONAL ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CONGESTION STUDY AUGUST 2006 U.S. Department of Energy NATIONAL ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CONGESTION STUDY AUGUST 2006 U.S. Department of Energy Contents Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Acronyms Used in This Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi 1. Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.1. Organization of This Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.2. Definitions of Key Terms and Concepts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.3. Consultation with States and Regional Entities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2. Study Approach and Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

87

Microsoft PowerPoint - CPUC01-#335899-v1-DOE_Congestion_Study_Workshop_-_rev_1.PPT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Initiatives To Be Initiatives To Be Considered in DOE's 2009 Congestion Study Commissioner Dian M. Grueneich California Public Utilities Commission DOE Congestion Workshop - San Francisco June 11, 2008 2 CPUC Initiatives - Overview Significant increases in Energy Efficiency New Demand Response programs - AMI & Dynamic Pricing Renewable Portfolio Standard - 20% by 2010 Green House Gas Emission Reduction Goals California will need more EE, DR, and RPS 33% RPS by 2020 requires significant transmission investment Transmission Streamlining and Statewide Planning Multiple projects already approved, or in permitting and planning stages California Solar Initiative Feed In-Tariffs for Distributed Generation Resource Adequacy Long Term Procurement 3 Energy Efficiency

88

Increasing Student Interest and Comprehension in Power Engineering Education at the Graduate and Undergraduate Levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contains elective courses such as power system analysis, power electronics and drives, advanced electric in power engineering have entered the arena; computer applications and software development firms now hire to maintaining the sinusoidal voltage waveshape at all load buses. Increasing reliability and selling power

89

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2009 Executive Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Executive Executive Summary In the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct), Con- gress directed the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct a study every three years on elec- tric transmission congestion and constraints within the Eastern and Western Interconnections. The American Reinvestment and Recovery Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) further directed the Secretary to in- clude in the 2009 Congestion Study an analysis of significant potential sources of renewable energy that are constrained by lack of adequate transmis- sion capacity. Based on this study, and comments concerning it from states and other stakeholders, the Secretary of Energy may designate any geographic area experiencing electric transmission capacity constraints or congestion as a national interest elec- tric transmission corridor (National Corridor). In August 2006, the Department published its first National Electric

90

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012 - How to Submit  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012 - How to National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012 - How to Submit Comments National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012 - How to Submit Comments You may submit written comments to Congestionstudy2012@hq.doe.gov or by mail to: Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, OE-20 U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue SW. Washington, DC 20585 The Department intends to use only data that is publicly available for this study. Accordingly, please do not submit information that you believe is or should be protected from public disclosure. DOE is responsible for the final determination concerning disclosure or nondisclosure of information submitted to DOE and for treating it in accordance with the DOE's Freedom of Information regulations (10 CFR 1004.11). All comments received by DOE

91

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Electric Transmission Congestion Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Electric Transmission Congestion Report National Electric Transmission Congestion Report [Docket No. 2007-OE-01, Mid-Atlantic Area National Interest Electric Transmission Corridor; Docket No. 2007-0E-02, Southwest Area National Interest Electric Transmission Corridor] AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Order Denying Rehearing. SUMMARY: On October 5,2007, the Department of Energy (Department or DOE) published in the Federal Register a National Electric Transmission Congestion Report and Order (Report and Order) in the above dockets in which it designated the Mid- Atlantic Area and the Southwest Area National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors (National Corridors) (72 FR 56992). Numerous parties in each of the above named dockets filed timely applications for rehearing of DOE's Report and Order. Some parties

92

Microsoft Word - 1221-congestion-study-designations-FAQ-8-8-06.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2006 Page 1 of 5 8, 2006 Page 1 of 5 U.S. Department of Energy National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Designation of National Corridors Frequently Asked Questions August 8, 2006 1. Is DOE designating National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors at this time? No. DOE is releasing the National Electric Transmission Congestion Study (congestion study) which identifies areas of the Nation experiencing transmission congestion as required by the Energy Policy Act of 2005. DOE may make the National Corridor designations later based on the results of the congestion study, the comments received and consultation with stakeholders. 2. What are the major results of the Congestion Study? The congestion study examines transmission congestion and constraints and

93

Performance comparison of router assisted congestion control protocols: XCP vs. RCP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the current Internet, network overload is prevented by the congestion control of the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP). The traditional TCP congestion control is an end-to-end mechanism that suffers from some inherent shortcomings. A design alternative ...

Magnus Proebster; Michael Scharf; Simon Hauger

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Model Design for Transmission Congestion Management Based on Fuzzy Programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on data collected previously on the electricity market of the East China, we use stepwise regression method to find the approximate expression of the active power flow of each power sets on East China’s certain electrical network. Then classified ... Keywords: electrical network, transmission congestion management, fuzzy programming, multiobjective optimization, model design

Yu Zhao; Bo Zhao; Chunjie Qi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Transportation Center Seminar "Cost Recovery from Congestion Tolls with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transportation Center Seminar "Cost Recovery from Congestion Tolls with Long-run Uncertainty" Robin Lindsey Professor and CN Chair in Transportation and International Logistics at the Sauder School of Business University of British Columbia Thurs. Feb. 28, 2013 4:00 ­ 5:00 pm Location: Transportation Center

Bustamante, Fabián E.

96

Scalable clustering of Internet paths by shared congestion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — Internet paths sharing the same bottleneck can be identified using several shared congestion detection techniques. However, all of these techniques have been designed to detect shared congestion between a pair of paths. To cluster N paths by shared congestion, a straightforward approach of using pairwise tests would require O(N 2) time complexity. In this paper, we present a scalable approach to cluster Internet paths based on DCW (Delay Correlation with Wavelet denoising) which does not require a common end point between paths. We present a function to map each path’s measurement data into a point in a multidimensional space such that points are close to each other if and only if the corresponding paths share congestion. Because points in the space are indexed using a tree-like structure, the computational complexity of clustering N paths can be reduced to O(N log N). The indexing overhead can be further improved by reducing dimensionality of the space through wavelet transform. Computation cost is kept low by reusing for dimensionality reduction the same wavelet coefficients obtained in DCW. Our approach is evaluated by simulations and found to be effective for a large N. The tradeoff between dimensionality and clustering accuracy is shown empirically. I.

Min Sik Kim; Taekhyun Kim; Yong-june Shin; Simon S. Lam; Edward J. Powers

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Nuclear angiography in a dog with congestive cardiomyopathy  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear angiography was used as a diagnostic aid and in monitoring the clinical course of a case of congestive cardiomyopathy in a dog. Serial examinations revealed progressively deteriorating values for left ventricular ejection fraction before the dog's death. This noninvasive technique can be an alternative to echocardiography for the evaluation of cardiac performance.

Lippert, A.C.; Twardock, A.R.; Gelberg, H.B.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

BUCSTR2000017 1 TCP Congestion Control and Heavy Tails  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BUCS­TR­2000­017 1 TCP Congestion Control and Heavy Tails LIANG GUO MARK CROVELLA IBRAHIM MATTA­ ies have shown that there is a close relationship between heavy­tailed distribution of various traffic traffic with heavy­tailed OFF, or idle, periods, and therefore introduces long­range de­ pendence

Texas at Arlington, University of

99

Adaptive prediction based approach for congestion estimation (APACE) in active queue management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Active Queue Management (AQM) policies provide an early indication of incipient congestion to the sources. In this paper, we propose a new AQM policy called APACE. APACE stands for Adaptive Prediction based Approach for Congestion Estimation in AQM that ... Keywords: Active queue management (AQM), Congestion control, Random early detection (RED), TCP

Abhishek Jain; Abhay Karandikar; Rahul Verma

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Using ant-based agents for congestion control in ad-hoc wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ad-hoc wireless sensor networks suffer from problems of congestion, which lead to packet loss and excessive energy consumption. In this paper, we address the issue of congestion in these networks. We propose a new routing protocol for wireless sensor ... Keywords: Ad hoc wireless sensor networks, Ant-based agents, Congestion control, Routing

Sanjay K. Dhurandher; Sudip Misra; Harsh Mittal; Anubhav Agarwal; Isaac Woungang

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7 at level 3 (FHEQ level 6) and the rest at level M (FHEQ level 7) 4. Other entry N/A Credit Level awards (if applicable): 5. Exit Awards: PGDip Advanced Computer Science 120 credits with not more than 30 credits at level 3 (FHEQ level 6) and the rest at level M (FHEQ level 7) Credit

Programme Csad

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7 at level 3 (FHEQ level 6) and the rest at level M (FHEQ level 7) 4. Other entry N/A Credit Level awards (if applicable): 5. Exit Awards: PGDip Computer Science 120 credits with not more than 30 credits at level 3 (FHEQ level 6) and the rest at level M (FHEQ level 7) Credit

unknown authors

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Microsoft Word - NESCOE_2012CongestionStudyComments_31Jan2012.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New England States Committee on Electricity January 31, 2012 Mr. David Meyer Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability United States Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue SW Washington, DC 20585 RE: New England States' Comments on Preparation of the 2012 Congestion Study Dear Mr. Meyer: The New England States Committee on Electricity 1 (NESCOE) appreciates the opportunity to provide comments on the Department of Energy's (Department) Plan for Conduct of the 2012 Electric Transmission Congestion Study (2012 Study). 2 In 2009, the Department's Congestion Study concluded that New England was no longer a Congestion Area of Concern. Since that time, congestion in New England has diminished even further and is today virtually

104

Improving Area Control Error Diversity Interchange (ADI) Program by Incorporating Congestion Constraints  

SciTech Connect

The area control error (ACE) determines how much a balancing authority (BA) needs to move its regulating units to meet mandatory control performance standard requirements. Regulation is an expensive resource that could cost several hundred million dollars a year for a BA. The amount of regulation needed in a system is increasing with more intermittent generation resources added to the system. The ACE diversity interchange (ADI) program provides a tool for reducing the regulation requirement by combining ACEs from several participating BAs followed by sharing the total ACE among all participating balancing areas. The effect is achieved as a result of the low statistical correlation between the original ACEs of participating BAs. A rule-based ADI approach has already been put into practice in the US Western Interconnection. The degree of actual ACE sharing is artificially limited because of the unknown redistribution of power flows and possible system congestion (these factors are not monitored in the existing ADI). This paper proposes a two-step linear programming (LP) ADI approach that incorporates congestion constraints. In the first step of the proposed LP ADI, the line transmission limits are enforced by setting up corresponding constraints. In the second step, the business fairness is pursued. Simulation is performed to compare the properties of the proposed LP ADI and the existing rule-based ADI. Favorable features, such as avoiding line limit violations and increasing the degree of possible ACE sharing, are observed for the proposed LP ADI.

Zhou, Ning; Etingov, Pavel V.; Makarov, Yuri V.; Guttromson, Ross T.; McManus, Bart

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

105

Investigation of increased mercury levels in the fisheries of Lower East Fork Poplar Creek (Lefpc), Oak Ridge Reservation, Tennessee  

SciTech Connect

The DOE Western Environmental Technology Office (WETO) is supporting remediation efforts on the U.S. Department of Energy Oak Ridge Reservation in Oak Ridge, Tennessee by performing this study. MSE Technology Applications, Inc. (MSE) has performed a series of literature reviews and bench-scale testing to further evaluate the mercury problem in the Lower East Fork Poplar Creek (LEFPC) at Oak Ridge. The primary problem is that total mercury (HgT) levels in LEFPC water decrease, while HgT levels in sunfish muscle tissue increase, with distance away from the National Security Complex (NSC), despite extensive source control efforts at the facility and within downstream riparian zones. Furthermore, dissolved methylmercury (d-MeHg) levels increase downstream from the NSC, especially during warm weather and/or high flow events. MSE performed four test series that focused on conversion of aqueous phase elemental mercury (Hg deg. A) to methyl mercury (MeHg) by algal-bacterial bio-films (periphyton) present in the stream-bed of LEFPC. Small (mg/L) quantities of un-sulphured molasses and peptone were added to some of the Hinds Creek samples to stimulate initial bacterial growth. Other Hinds Creek samples either were dosed with glutaraldehyde to preclude microbial growth, or were wrapped in aluminum foil to preclude Hg photochemical redox effects. The bench-scale testing for Phase II was completed August 2006. The final reporting and the planning for Phase III testing are in progress. (authors)

Byrne-Kelly, D.; Cornish, J.; Hart, A. [MSE Technology Applications, Inc., 200 Technology Way, Butte, MT (United States); Southworth, G. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Sims, L. [Bechtel Jacobs Company, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7 180 credits with not more than 30 credits at level 3 (FHEQ level 6) and the rest at level M (FHEQ level 7) 4. Other entry N/A Credit Level awards (if applicable): 5. Exit Awards: PGDip in Advanced Computer Science with

Programme Csci

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Sulfur mustard-induced increase in intracellular free calcium level and arachidonic acid release from cell membrane  

SciTech Connect

The mechanism of action of the alkylating agent bis-(2-chloroethyl)sulfide (sulfur mustard, SM) was studied using the in thai vitro mouse neuroblastoma-rat glioma hybrid NG 108-1 S clonal p cell line model. Following 0.3 mM SM exposure, cell viability remained high (>80% of untreated control) up to 9 hr and then declined steadily to about 40% of control after 20-24 hr. During the early period of SM exposure, when there was no significant cell viability loss, the following effects were observed. The cellular glutathione level decreased 20% after 1 hr and 34% after 6 hr. Between 2 and 6 hr, there was a time-dependent increase (about 10 to 30%) in intracellular free calcium (Ca2+), which was localized to the limiting membrane of swollen endoplasmic reticula and mitochondria, to euchromatin areas of the nucleus, and to areas of the cytosol and plasma membrane. Moreover,there was also a time-dependent increase in the release of isotopically labeled arachidonic acid ((3H)AA) from cellular membranes. Increase in (3H)AA release was 28% at 3 hr and about 60-80% between 6 and 9 hr. This increase in I3HIAA release was inhibited by quinacrine (20 uM), which is a phospholipase (PLA2) inhibitor. At 16 hr after SM exposure, there was a large increase (about 200% of control) in I3HIAA release, which was coincident with a 50% loss of cell viability. These results suggest a Ca2+-mediated toxic mechanism of SM via PLA2 activation and arachidonate release.

Ray, R.; Legere, R.H.; Majerus, B.J.; Petrali, J.P.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

108

PJMDOCS-#501543-v1-DOE_Congestion_Workshop_9_17_08_-_MJK.DOC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Workshop on 2009 Congestion Study Workshop on 2009 Congestion Study September 17, 2008 Chicago, Illinois Statement of Michael J. Kormos Senior Vice President-Operations PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. PJM©2008 Page 2 of 5 PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ("PJM") is pleased to provide these preliminary comments for consideration as the Department prepares to commence its next triennial congestion study. In 2005 and 2006, PJM submitted a great deal of information for the public record concerning the reliability

109

Using telework and flexible work arrangements as a congestion mitigation strategy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Congestion is one of the most pressing urban issues Texans face today — it imposes steep social and economic costs on citizens and businesses and… (more)

Brady, John F., 1986-

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Three conazoles increase hepatic microsomal retinoic acid metabolism and decrease mouse hepatic retinoic acid levels in vivo  

SciTech Connect

Conazoles are fungicides used in agriculture and as pharmaceuticals. In a previous toxicogenomic study of triazole-containing conazoles we found gene expression changes consistent with the alteration of the metabolism of all trans-retinoic acid (atRA), a vitamin A metabolite with cancer-preventative properties (Ward et al., Toxicol. Pathol. 2006; 34:863-78). The goals of this study were to examine effects of propiconazole, triadimefon, and myclobutanil, three triazole-containing conazoles, on the microsomal metabolism of atRA, the associated hepatic cytochrome P450 (P450) enzyme(s) involved in atRA metabolism, and their effects on hepatic atRA levels in vivo. The in vitro metabolism of atRA was quantitatively measured in liver microsomes from male CD-1 mice following four daily intraperitoneal injections of propiconazole (210 mg/kg/d), triadimefon (257 mg/kg/d) or myclobutanil (270 mg/kg/d). The formation of both 4-hydroxy-atRA and 4-oxo-atRA were significantly increased by all three conazoles. Propiconazole-induced microsomes possessed slightly greater metabolizing activities compared to myclobutanil-induced microsomes. Both propiconazole and triadimefon treatment induced greater formation of 4-hydroxy-atRA compared to myclobutanil treatment. Chemical and immuno-inhibition metabolism studies suggested that Cyp26a1, Cyp2b, and Cyp3a, but not Cyp1a1 proteins were involved in atRA metabolism. Cyp2b10/20 and Cyp3a11 genes were significantly over-expressed in the livers of both triadimefon- and propiconazole-treated mice while Cyp26a1, Cyp2c65 and Cyp1a2 genes were over-expressed in the livers of either triadimefon- or propiconazole-treated mice, and Cyp2b10/20 and Cyp3a13 genes were over-expressed in the livers of myclobutanil-treated mice. Western blot analyses indicated conazole induced-increases in Cyp2b and Cyp3a proteins. All three conazoles decreased hepatic atRA tissue levels ranging from 45-67%. The possible implications of these changes in hepatic atRA levels on cell proliferation in the mouse tumorigenesis process are discussed.

Chen, P.-J. [Department of Agricultural Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Environmental Carcinogenesis Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, B143-06, 109 T.W. Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 (United States); Padgett, William T.; Moore, Tanya; Winnik, Witold; Lambert, Guy R.; Thai, Sheau-Fung; Hester, Susan D. [Environmental Carcinogenesis Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, B143-06, 109 T.W. Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 (United States); Nesnow, Stephen [Environmental Carcinogenesis Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, B143-06, 109 T.W. Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 (United States)], E-mail: nesnow.stephen@epa.gov

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

111

Microsoft Word - Transcript_March 25-26 2009 Congestion Study Workshop_Day 2.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2009 - Day 2 6, 2009 - Day 2 Page 1 Spring 2009 Technical Workshop in Support of U.S. Department of Energy 2009 Congestion Study Rosemont, Illinois March 26, 2009 - Day 2 8:30 a.m.-11:30 a.m. EDT Transcript David Meyer: Welcome to Day Two of our program. And I want to welcome the people that are listening in on the webcast. We're delighted to have all of you here. The discussion yesterday, I thought, was very helpful, very, a lot of insight there and a lot of interesting material, and so we were very pleased with the results that we got yesterday. For this panel, we are going to turn to the East and talk about some of the current planning efforts that are underway at various levels across the Eastern Interconnection. It presents a different set of problems--somewhat different, at any rate, compared to the

112

Performance of Quantized Congestion Notification in TCP Incast in Data Centers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis analyzes the performance of Quantized Congestion Notification (QCN) during data access from clustered servers in data centers. The reasons why QCN does not perform adequately in these situations are examined and several modifications are proposed to the protocol to improve its performance in these scenarios. The causes of QCN performance degradation are traced to flow rate variability, and it is shown that adaptive sampling at the switch and adaptive self-increase of flow rates at the QCN rate limiter significantly enhance QCN performance in a TCP Incast setup. The performance of QCN is compared against TCP modifications in a heterogeneous environment, and it is shown that modifications to QCN yield better performance. Finally, the performance of QCN with the proposed modifications is compared with that of unmodified QCN in other workloads to show that the modifications do not negatively affect QCN performance in general.

Devkota, Prajjwal Prasad

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

PI-PD Controller for Adaptive and Robust Active Queue Management for Internet Congestion Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since random early detection (RED) was proposed in 1993, many active queue management (AQM) algorithms have been proposed to support better end-to-end Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) congestion control. In this article, the authors introduce and ... Keywords: Active queue management, congestion control, feedback control, proportional-integral-derivative control

Seungwan Ryu; Byunghan Ryu; Myoungki Jeong; Seikwon Park

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Pareto-improving and revenue-neutral congestion pricing schemes in two-mode traffic networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies a Pareto-improving and revenue-neutral congestion pricing scheme on a simple two-mode (highway and transit) network: this scheme aims at simultaneously improving system performance, making every individual user better off, and having ... Keywords: Congestion pricing, Pareto-improving, Revenue-neutral, Traffic equilibrium, Two-mode network

Yang Liu; Xiaolei Guo; Hai Yang

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis Congestion Costs Victoria Transport Policy Institute (www.vtpi.org)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis ­ Congestion Costs Victoria Transport Policy Institute congestion is considered one of the most significant transportation problems. The capacity of a road depends, Fundamentals of Traffic Engineering, 13th Edition, Institute of Transportation Studies, UBC (Berkeley; www

O'Donnell, Tom

116

EIMD: a new congestion control for fast long-distance networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In fast long-distance networks, TCP fails to fully utilize the bandwidth due to its congestion control mechanism A plethora of congestion control schemes that may enhance the performance of the transport protocol in fast long-distance networks have been ...

Eunho Yang; Seong-il Ham; Seongho Cho; Chong-kwon Kim; Pillwoo Lee

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

2012 Congestion Study Workshops to be Held in December; Agendas Now  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Congestion Study Workshops to be Held in December; Agendas Now Congestion Study Workshops to be Held in December; Agendas Now Available 2012 Congestion Study Workshops to be Held in December; Agendas Now Available November 27, 2011 - 9:34am Addthis The Department is initiating preparations for development of the 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The Department is seeking comments on what publicly-available data and analysis should be used to identify and understand the significance and character of transmission congestion. DOE will host four regional pre-study workshops to receive input and suggestions concerning the study: - December 6 in Philadelphia, PA - December 8 in St. Louis, MO - December 13 in Portland, OR - December 15 in San Diego, CA. Agendas for the workshops are available for download. Online registration

118

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshop … December 13, 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Portland Workshop December 13, 2011 Steve Oxley Deputy Chairman Wyoming Public Service Commission 2 There are two kinds of congestion Type 1: Competitive access to least-cost energy, many sellers vying to serve lucrative markets. Type 2: "Real" physical congestion - characterized by the inability to transmit all available generation. (Type 2a: We can expect the cumulative effect of new EPA rules to make a significant difference on where and how much* congestion we will see. * probably more of each 3 Wyoming is an energy and electron exporting state We are concerned with Type II congestion. We are energy rich, with high quality wind, natural gas and low sulfur coal resources, but . .

119

DOE Congestion Workshop, San Diego, December 15, 2011 Comments from California ISO  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Workshop, San Diego, December 15, 2011 Comments from California ISO Workshop, San Diego, December 15, 2011 Comments from California ISO U.S. Department of Energy National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshop San Diego, December 15, 2011 Questions from DOE and Comments from the California ISO Panelists have been asked to address the following questions, with emphasis as each panelist deems appropriate: 1) In its 2009 Congestion Study, DOE found that Southern California constitutes a Critical Congestion Area, that the Portland-Seattle region and the San Francisco Bay Area were congestion areas of concern, and that the Phoenix-Tucson area was no longer a congestion area of concern. The study also identified parts of the West with rich

120

Remarks for DOE Workshop Regarding Transmission Congestion Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2011 6, 2011 Remarks for DOE Workshop Regarding Transmission Congestion Study Thank you for the opportunity to speak today. I am Ed Finley and I chair the North Carolina Utilities Commission. By way of background, with the exception of a very small portion of the State - the northeast - North Carolina does not participate in a regional transmission organization, or RTO, and our electric utilities remain vertically integrated. North Carolina's electric utilities are required to plan their systems on a least-cost, integrated basis, considering generation and transmission costs, as well as energy efficiency and demand-side management. There is no retail competition in North Carolina. Regulation in North Carolina follows the "command and control" model. The NC Commission must

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

I/O Congestion Avoidance via Routing and Object Placement  

SciTech Connect

As storage systems get larger to meet the the demands of petascale systems, careful planning must be applied to avoid congestion points and extract the maximum performance. In addition, the large size of the data sets generated by such systems makes it desirable for all compute resources in a center to have common access to this data without needing to copy it to each machine. This paper describes a method of placing I/O close to the storage nodes to minimize contention on Cray's SeaStar2+ network, and extends it to a routed Lustre configuration to gain the same benefits when running against a center-wide file system. Our experiments show performance improvements for both direct attached and routed file systems.

Dillow, David A [ORNL; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL; Oral, H Sarp [ORNL; Zhang, Zhe [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

NPCC emphasizes that the DOE 2012 congestion analysis should consider the northe  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NPCC emphasizes that the DOE 2012 congestion analysis should consider the northeast as a NPCC emphasizes that the DOE 2012 congestion analysis should consider the northeast as a whole, not only modeling those transmission, demand response, and generating resource projects in the United States, but also those corresponding projects in the neighboring Canadian systems. Coordinated analysis is necessary to properly assess the operation and reliability impact that future reinforcement of NPCC's (and it's neighboring Region's) transmission system, demand response programs, and generating resources will have on congestion. In addition to understanding the respective Market Rules in the Region, proper modeling of the

123

Microsoft Word - preparation_of_2012_congestion_study_Audubon_comments.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

January 31, 2012 January 31, 2012 Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, OE-20 U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue SW. Washington, DC 20585 RE: Preparation of the 2012 Congestion Study On behalf of our more than one million members and supporters, National Audubon Society submits this letter in response to the Department of Energy's (DOE's) request for comments on the preparation of the 2012 Congestion Study ,76 Fed. Reg. 70122 (Nov 10, 2011). Under the mandate of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, DOE conducts an assessment of electric transmission congestion every three years. In preparation for the next review of the nation's

124

Inoculation of hybrid poplar with the endophytic bacterium Enterobacter sp. 638 increases biomass but does not impact leaf level physiology  

SciTech Connect

Endophytic bacteria have been shown to provide several advantages to their host, including enhanced growth. Inoculating biofuel species with endophytic bacteria is therefore an attractive option to increase the productivity of biofuel feedstocks. Here, we investigated the effect of inoculating hard wood cuttings of Populus deltoides Bartr. x Populus. nigra L. clone OP367 with Enterobacter sp. 638. After 17 weeks, plants inoculated with Enterobacter sp. 638 had 55% greater total biomass than un-inoculated control plants. Study of gas exchange and fluorescence in developing and mature leaves over a diurnal cycle and over a 5 week measurement campaign revealed no effects of inoculation on photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, photosynthetic water use efficiency or the maximum and operating efficiency of photosystem II. However, plants inoculated with Enterobacter sp. 638 had a canopy that was 39% larger than control plants indicating that the enhanced growth was fueled by increased leaf area, not by improved physiology. Leaf nitrogen content was determined at two stages over the 5 week measurement period. No effect of Enterobacter sp. 638 on leaf nitrogen content was found indicating that the larger plants were acquiring sufficient nitrogen. Enterobacter sp. 638 lacks the genes for N{sub 2} fixation, therefore the increased availability of nitrogen likely resulted from enhanced nitrogen acquisition by the 84% larger root system. These data show that Enterobacter sp. 638 has the potential to dramatically increase productivity in poplar. If fully realized in the production environment, these results indicate that an increase in the environmental and economic viability of poplar as a biofuel feedstock is possible when inoculated with endophytic bacteria like Enterobacter sp. 638.

Rogers, A.; McDonald, K.; Muehlbauer, M. F.; Hoffman, A.; Koenig, K.; Newman, L.; Taghavi, S.; Van Der Lelie, D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Cashing Out Employer-Paid Parking: A Precedent for Congestion Pricing?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transportation market to raise the price of driving up to its social cost.Transportation economists, and especially congestion pricing theorists, usually focus on sophisticated waysto makemotorists pay for the social costs

Shoup, Donald C.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

PRE-STUDY COMMENTS OF IOWA UTILITIES BOARD ON DOE 2012 ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CONGESTION STUDY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PRE-STUDY COMMENTS OF IOWA UTILITIES BOARD ON PRE-STUDY COMMENTS OF IOWA UTILITIES BOARD ON DOE 2012 ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CONGESTION STUDY JANUARY 2012 The Iowa Utilities Board (Board) is pleased to provide these comments as the Department of Energy (DOE) commences its next transmission congestion study (2012). These comments are organized to give DOE a perspective on electric transmission issues in Iowa - transmission planning, congestion, and siting. Iowa has been a leader in wind generation installation as well as manufacturing of wind turbines. Iowa has the second most installed wind capacity of any state. Since the DOE 2009 congestion study, Iowa added 884 MW of wind generation in 2009 -2010. MidAmerican Energy Company (MidAmerican), an Iowa investor owned utility added 593.5 MW in 2011 and plans to

127

Price of anarchy in supply chains, congested systems and joint ventures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis studies the price of anarchy in supply chains, congested systems and joint ventures. It consists of three main parts. In the first part, we investigate the impact of imperfect competition with nonlinear demand. ...

Sun, Wei, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

HANFORD DOUBLE SHELL TANK THERMAL AND SEISMIC PROJECT INCREASED LIQUID LEVEL ANALYSIS FOR 241-AP TANK FARMS  

SciTech Connect

The essential difference between Revision 1 and the original issue of this report is the analysis of the anchor bolts that tie the steel dome of the primary tank to the concrete tank dome. The reevaluation of the AP anchor bolts showed that (for a given temperature increase) the anchor shear load distribution did not change significantly from the initially higher stiffness to the new secant shear stiffness. Therefore, the forces and displacements of the other tank components such as the primary tanks stresses, secondary liner strains, and concrete tank forces and moments also did not change significantly. Consequently, the revised work in Revision 1 focused on the changes in the anchor bolt responses and a full reevaluation of all tank components was judged to be unnecessary.

TC MACKEY; JE DEIBLER; MW RINKER; KI JOHNSON; SP PILLI; NK KARRI; FG ABATT; KL STOOPS

2009-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

129

Proceedings of the March 29, 2006 Conference for the 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Session 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A public technical conference on the 2006 congestion study and criteria for designating National Interest Electric Tranmission Corridors was held on March 29, 2006. 

130

Microsoft Word - Transcript_Pre-2009 Congestion Study_Oklahoma City_final.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

18/2008 18/2008 Oklahoma City, OK Page 1 U.S. Department of Energy Pre-Congestion Study Regional Workshops for the 2009 National Electric Congestion Study Oklahoma City, OK June 18, 2008 1:00 p.m.-4:30 p.m. Transcript David Meyer: Well, good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen, welcome to DOE's second workshop in relation to our upcoming 2009 congestion study. Before we get into the substance of the workshop, I'd like to turn the microphone over to Bob Anthony, Commissioner Bob Anthony from Oklahoma, who is our gracious host here today. He has some remarks. Bob Anthony: Thank you very much. Welcome to Oklahoma. We're glad the sun is shining, it's a great day, and we appreciate especially this important workshop being held here in Oklahoma City. It's book-ended against the Annual Meeting of the Mid-America Regulatory

131

Microsoft Word - NPCC Remarks at the 2009 DOE Congestion Study Workshop.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2009 Congestion Study Workshop 2009 Congestion Study Workshop Hartford, CT July 9, 2008 NPCC 1 July 9, 2008 The Northeast Power Coordinating Council, Inc. ("NPCC") appreciates this opportunity to offer the following comments prior to the start of the 2009 DOE Congestion Study. NPCC NPCC is a New York State not-for-profit membership corporation. The purpose of NPCC is to promote and enhance the reliable and efficient operation of the international, interconnected bulk power system in Northeastern North America through: (i) the development of regional reliability standards, and compliance assessment and enforcement of the continent-wide and regional reliability standards, coordination of system planning, design and operations, and assessment of reliability, and

132

Microsoft Word - Transcript_Pre-2009 Congestion Study_Hartford.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9/2008 9/2008 Hartford, CT Page 1 U.S. Department of Energy Pre-Congestion Study Regional Workshops for the 2009 National Electric Congestion Study Hartford, CT July 9, 2008 9:00 a.m.-12:30 p.m. Transcript David Meyer: Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. I'm David Meyer from the Department of Energy, and I welcome you to our workshop for our upcoming 2009 Electric Transmission Congestion Study. Before I give you an overview of what we have in mind for the study I wanted to first thank Commissioner Don Downes from Connecticut for hosting us here. We're very glad to have the opportunity to be here. I also wanted to introduce some of my colleagues - Lot Cooke, from our general counsel's office, will be assisting us in the conduct of the

133

CCPG Update U.S. Department Of Energy 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CCPG Update CCPG Update U.S. Department Of Energy 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshop - Portland, OR December 13, 2011 Susan Henderson, P.E. Xcel Energy Path/TOT Ratings  TOT 1A - none  TOT 2A - none  TOT 3 ◦ Archer-Wayne Child Interconnection (150MW, 345kV) ◦ High Plains Express (500kV, 1600-8000MW) ◦ Zephyr (500kV DC, 3000MW) ◦ TransWest Express (600kV DC, 3000MW) ◦ Colorado-Wyoming Intertie (345kV, 800MW)  Reference: WECC Path Reports & Rating Catalog Planned Projects w/Path Impact)  TOTs 1A, 2A, and 3 are historically congested, however this is changing with new resources added along front range.  WECC 2019 & 2020 studies show no congestion issues along these paths - unless a large build out of WY

134

Microsoft Word - Transcript_Pre-2009 Congestion Study_San Francisco2.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

/11/2008 /11/2008 San Francisco, CA Page 1 U.S. Department of Energy Pre-Congestion Study Regional Workshops for the 2009 National Electric Congestion Study San Francisco, CA June 11, 2008 9:00 a.m.-12:30 p.m. Transcript David Meyer: Well, good morning again, ladies and gentlemen, and thank you for coming to DOE's regional workshop on transmission congestion, and welcome also to those who have logged onto the webcast. Because of the, this program is being webcast, we will adhere strictly to our schedule in terms of the breaks and the timing for the panels and so forth. But I'm going to make a few remarks here about the reasons for these workshops, and then we'll go into the panel discussions. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 directs DOE to

135

Microsoft Word - Transcript_Pre-2009 Congestion Study_Atlanta.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7/29/2008 7/29/2008 Atlanta, GA Page 1 U.S. Department of Energy Pre-Congestion Study Regional Workshops for the 2009 National Electric Congestion Study Atlanta, GA July 29, 2008 9:00 a.m.-12:30 p.m. Transcript David Meyer: Ladies and gentlemen, I'm David Meyer from the Department of Energy. I want to welcome you to our workshop for upcoming 2009 congestion studies. I'm going to make a short presentation here scoping out what we have in mind and what our purposes are in holding this workshop. But, before I do that, I want to introduce some of my colleagues here, particularly Lot Cooke who is from our General Counsel's office. Several other people from my office at the Department of Energy: Mark Whitenton and Elliott Nethercutt; and Elizabeth

136

Transmission Congestion Study COMMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED EDISION COMPANY OF NEW YORK. INC.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Preparation of the 2012 National Electric Preparation of the 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study COMMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED EDISION COMPANY OF NEW YORK. INC. AND ORANGE AND ROCKLAND UTILITIES, INC. Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. and Orange and Rockland Utilities, Inc. ("the Companies") submit these comments in response to the Notice for Plan for Conduct of the 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study ("Study") issued by the United States Department of Energy ("Department") Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. 76 Fed. Reg.70122 (November 10, 2011) ("Notice").

137

Area and power-efficient innovative congestion-aware Network-on-Chip architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a novel Network-on-Chip architecture that not only enhances network transmission performance while maintaining a feasible implementation cost, but also provides a power-efficient solution for interconnection network scenarios. Diagonally-linked ... Keywords: Area-efficient, Congestion-aware, Interconnection network, Network-on-Chip (NoC), Power-efficient

Chifeng Wang; Wen-Hsiang Hu; Seung Eun Lee; Nader Bagherzadeh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Scalable load balancing congestion-aware Network-on-Chip router architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adaptive routing algorithms have been employed in interconnection networks to improve network throughput and provide better fault tolerance characteristics. However, they can harm performance by disturbing any inherent global load balance through greedy ... Keywords: Congestion-aware, Fault tolerance, Interconnection network, Load balance, Network-on-Chip (NoC)

Chifeng Wang; Wen-Hsiang Hu; Nader Bagherzadeh

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Priority Transmission of SIP Signaling Flows in Case of IP Link Congestion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conceptual framework of Next Generation Network (NGN) is based on Internet Protocol (IP) transport technology, which is generally accepted as the optimal solution for delivering of next generation multimedia services. Although packet-switched networks ... Keywords: IP, link congestion, priority transmission, SIP signaling flows, QoS

Jasmina Barakovic; Himzo Bajric; Mladen Kos

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

A Localized Switching Ramp-Metering Controller with a Queue Length Regulator for Congested Freeways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Localized Switching Ramp-Metering Controller with a Queue Length Regulator for Congested Freeways- responsive ramp-metering controller that adapts to the differ- ent traffic dynamics under different the model sampling time and the metering- rate update interval. In addition, a queue length regulator

Horowitz, Roberto

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

BUCS-TR-2000-017 1 TCP Congestion Control and Heavy Tails  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BUCS-TR-2000-017 1 TCP Congestion Control and Heavy Tails LIANG GUO MARK CROVELLA IBRAHIM MATTA- ies have shown that there is a close relationship between heavy-tailed distribution of various traffic traffic with heavy-tailed OFF, or idle, periods, and therefore introduces long-range de- pendence

Texas at Arlington, University of

142

Traffic Congestion Mitigation as an Emissions Reduction Strategy Alexander York Bigazzi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, such as electric and gas- electric hybrid vehicles. But travel volume is also a key consideration for the total hydrocarbons and particulate matter), and decreases with the fraction of advanced-drivetrain vehicles assume that traffic congestion mitigation results in reduced vehicle emissions without proper

Bertini, Robert L.

143

An Edge-to-Edge Overlay Congestion Control Architecture for the Internet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper proposes an edge-to-edge overlay congestion control architecture for managing traffic aggregates. Motivated by scalability issues, the core rate-based scheme breaks up congestion in the intermediate network(s) and distributes it across overlay edges leading to superior best-effort performance. Consolidation of bottlenecks at overlay edges also enables the creation of purely edge-based better-best-effort services, such as an end-to-end lossless TCP service illustrated in the paper. Our overlay architecture is unique in that it: a) does not require any support from interior network nodes or end-systems (unlike ATM ABR [15], credit-based schemes [19], bit-based schemes [25], [6] or TCP modifications [12], [23]) b) operates in a lossless manner with bounded buffers unlike TCP which uses packet loss to indicate congestion [11], c) aims to complement, not substitute existing end-to-end congestion control (eg: TCP) or traffic management schemes (eg: diff-serv [1]) to achieve scal...

David Harrison; Shivkumar Kalyanaraman

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

The Impact of Imperfect Permit Market on Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Impact of Imperfect Permit Market on Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium Tanachai Limpaitoon, Yihsu Chen, Shmuel S. Oren The impact and efficacy of a cap-and-trade regulation on electric, and strategic behavior of generation firms. This paper develops an equilibrium model of an oligopoly electricity

Oren, Shmuel S.

145

Improving surgical patient flow in a congested recovery area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent movement in healthcare reform requires hospitals to care for more patients while simultaneously reducing costs. Medical institutions can no longer afford to simply add beds and hire staff to increase capacity. ...

Schwartz, Trevor A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Long-term exposure to endogenous levels of tributyltin decreases GluR2 expression and increases neuronal vulnerability to glutamate  

SciTech Connect

Tributyltin (TBT), an endocrine-disrupting chemical, has been used commercially as a heat stabilizer, agricultural pesticide and component of antifouling paints. In this study, we investigated the effect of long-term exposure to endogenous levels of TBT on neuronal glutamate receptors. Cultured rat cortical neurons were exposed to 1-50 nM TBT for 9 days (from day 2 to day 10 in vitro). The number of neurons was reduced by long-term exposure to 50 nM TBT, but not to 1-20 nM TBT. Long-term exposure to 20 nM TBT decreased the mRNA expression of glutamate receptors NR1, NR2A, GluR1 and GluR2, and increased that of NR2B, GluR3 and GluR4. GluR2 protein was also reduced by long-term exposure to TBT. Because AMPA receptor lacking GluR2 exhibits Ca{sup 2+} permeability, we investigated whether Ca{sup 2+} influx or glutamate toxicity was affected. Indeed, glutamate-induced Ca{sup 2+} influx was increased in TBT-treated neurons. Consistent with this, neurons became more susceptible to glutamate toxicity as a result of long-term exposure to TBT and this susceptibility was abolished by an antagonist of GluR2-lacking AMPA receptor. Thus, it is suggested that long-term exposure to endogenous levels of TBT induces a decrease of GluR2 protein, causing neurons become more susceptible to glutamate toxicity.

Nakatsu, Yusuke [Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3, Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8553 (Japan); Kotake, Yaichiro [Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3, Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8553 (Japan)], E-mail: yaichiro@hiroshima-u.ac.jp; Takishita, Tomoko; Ohta, Shigeru [Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3, Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8553 (Japan)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

Self-Organized Hydrodynamics with congestion and path formation in crowds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A continuum model for self-organized dynamics is numerically investigated. The model describes systems of particles subject to alignment interaction and short-range repulsion. It consists of a non-conservative hyperbolic system for the density and velocity orientation. Short-range repulsion is included through a singular pressure which becomes infinite at the jamming density. The singular limit of infinite pressure stiffness leads to phase transitions from compressible to incompressible dynamics. The paper proposes an Asymptotic-Preserving scheme which takes care of the singular pressure while preventing the breakdown of the CFL stability condition near congestion. It relies on a relaxation approximation of the system and an elliptic formulation of the pressure equation. Numerical simulations of impinging clusters show the efficiency of the scheme to treat congestions. A two-fluid variant of the model provides a model of path formation in crowds.

Pierre Degond; Jiale Hua

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

148

Plan for Conduct of 2012 Electric Transmission Congestion Study: Federal Register Volume 76, No. 218 - Nov. 10, 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Section 216(a)(1) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) requires the Department of Energy to complete a study of electric transmission congestion every three years. The Department initiated preparations...

149

Network congestion can be controlled: Routing algorithms in optical networks and Ethernets  

SciTech Connect

Congestion and contention can greatly reduce the effective performance of an interconnection network. This report gathers together research done under a Laboratory Research and Development Program (LDRD) project at Sandia National Laboratories. The goal of the project was to explore the contention properties of novel optical interconnects. In the process of exploring optical interconnects the project also gained new insights into the use of backoff protocols in the current dominant interconnect technology, Ethernet.

Goldberg, L.A.; MacKenzie, P.D.; Greenberg, D.S.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Probabilistic Transmission Congestion and Constraints Forecast (PCF) Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Probabilistic Transmission Congestion and Constraints Forecast (PCF) Version 1.0 program provides the user the capability to compute the probabilistic distribution functions of line flows with consideration of generation, load and network uncertainties. Description PCF Version 1.0 models the generation and load in a probabilistic way, and computes the probabilistic distribution functions of line flows. The program can handle generation and load uncertainties in a probabilistic model. It can handle tr...

2008-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

151

Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the NationalEnergy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect

Congestion analysis using National Energy Modeling National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) or NEMS-derivatives, such as LBNL-NEMS, is subject to significant caveats because the generation logic inherent in NEMS limits the extent to which interregional transmission can be utilized and intraregional transmission is not represented at all. The EMM is designed primarily to represent national energy markets therefore regional effects may be simplified in ways that make congestion analysis harder. Two ways in particular come to mind. First, NEMS underutilizes the capability of the traditional electric grid as it builds the dedicated and detached grid. Second, it also undervalues the costs of congestion by allowing more transmission than it should, due to its use of a transportation model rather than a transmission model. In order to evaluate benefits of reduced congestion using LBNL-NEMS, Berkeley Lab identified three possible solutions: (1) implement true simultaneous power flow, (2) always build new plants within EMM regions even to serve remote load, and (3) the dedicated and detached grid should be part of the known grid. Based on these findings, Berkeley Lab recommends the following next steps: (1) Change the build logic that always places new capacity where it is needed and allow the transmission grid to be expanded dynamically. (2) The dedicated and detached grid should be combined with the traditional grid. (3) Remove the bias towards gas fired combine cycle and coal generation, which are the only types of generation currently allowed out of region. (4) A power flow layer should be embedded in LBNL-NEMS to appropriately model and limit transmission.

Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2006-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

152

An Estimate of Increases in Storm Surge Risk to Property from Sea Level Rise in the First Half of the Twenty-First Century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sea level is rising as the World Ocean warms and ice caps and glaciers melt. Published estimates based on data from satellite altimeters, beginning in late 1992, suggest that the global mean sea level has been rising on the order of 3 mm yr?1. ...

Ross N. Hoffman; Peter Dailey; Susanna Hopsch; Rui M. Ponte; Katherine Quinn; Emma M. Hill; Brian Zachry

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Microsoft Word - DOE Congestion Workshop San Diego 12-15-11 Final  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 3 4 NATIONAL ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CONGESTION 5 STUDY WORKSHOP 6 7 8 San Diego, California 9 Thursday, December 15, 2011 10 11 12 13 2 PARTICIPANTS: 1 Welcome and Presentation: 2 3 DAVID MEYER 4 U.S. Department of Energy 5 6 Panel 1 Regulators: 7 8 CHARLES HAINS 9 Arizona Corporation Commission 10 11 REBECCA D. WAGNER 12 Nevada Public Utilities Commission 13 14 KEITH D. WHITE 15 California Public Utilities Commission 16 17 MILAN BJELOGRLIC 18 Southern California Edison 19 20 BOB SMITH 21 Arizona Public Service 22 23 Panel 2 Industry: 24 25 JAN STRACK 26 San Diego Gas & Electric 27

154

Public Service Electric and Gas (PSEG) Services Corporation - Comments to the 2012 Congestion Study.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

David K. Richter David K. Richter Assistant General Regulatory Counsel Regulatory Department 80 Park Plaza, T5C, Newark, NJ 07102-4194 tel: 973.430.6451 fax: 973.802.1267 email: david.richter@pseg.com January 31, 2012 VIA ELECTRONIC FILING David Meyer Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability OE-20, Attention: Congestion Study Comments U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW. Washington, DC 20585 Dear Mr. Meyer, Public Service Electric and Gas Company ("PSE&G"), PSEG Power LLC ("PSEG Power") and PSEG Energy Resources & Trade LLC ("PSEG ER&T") (collectively referred to herein as the "PSEG Companies") respectfully submit the

155

Microsoft Word - DOE Congestion Workshop Portland 12-13-11 Final  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 4 5 6 NATIONAL ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CONGESTION STUDY 7 WORKSHOP 8 9 10 Portland, Oregon 11 Tuesday, December 13, 2011 12 13 14 2 PARTICIPANTS: 1 Welcome and Presentation: 2 DAVID MEYER 3 U.S. Department of Energy 4 5 Panel 1 Regulators: 6 7 PHILIP B. JONES 8 Washington Utilities & Transportation 9 Commission 10 11 STEVE OXLEY 12 Wyoming Public Service Commission 13 14 JOHN SAVAGE 15 Oregon Public Utilities Commission 16 17 MARSHA SMITH 18 Idaho Public Utilities Commission 19 20 Panel 2 Industry: 21 22 RICH BAYLESS 23 TEPPC Representative, Pacificorp/Northern 24

156

Microsoft Word - DOE Congestion Workshop Philadelphia 12-6-11 final  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 2 3 4 5 6 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 7 NATIONAL ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CONGESTION STUDY 8 WORKSHOP 9 10 11 12 13 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 14 Tuesday, December 6, 2011 15 16 17 18 PARTICIPANTS: 19 Welcome and Presentation: 20 DAVID MEYER 21 U.S. Department of Energy 22 23 Panel 1 Regulators: 24 25 GARRY BROWN 26 New York Public Service Commission 27 28 EDWARD S. FINLEY, JR. 29 North Carolina Utilities Commission 30 31 BETTY ANN KANE 32 District of Columbia Public Service 33 2 Commission 1 2 DOUGLAS R.M. NAZARIAN 3 Maryland Public Service Commission 4 5 JAMES VOLZ 6 Vermont Public Service Board 7

157

Short Term Hydro Power Planning Coordinated with Wind Power in Areas with Congestion Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a day-ahead planning algorithm for a multi-reservoir hydropower system coordinated with wind power is developed. Coordination applies to real situations, where wind power and hydropower are owned by different utilities, sharing the same transmission lines, though hydropower has priority for transmission capacity. Coordination is thus necessary to minimize wind energy curtailments during congestion situations. The planning algorithm accounts for the uncertainty of wind power forecasts and power market price uncertainty. Planning for the spot market and the regulating market is considered in the algorithm. The planning algorithm is applied to a case study and the results are summarized in the paper.

J. Matevosyan; et al.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Evaluation of TCP Congestion Control Algorithms on the Windows Vista Platform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CTCP, an innovative TCP congestion control algorithm developed by Microsoft, is evaluated and compared to HSTCP and StandardTCP. Tests were performed on the production Internet from Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) to various geographically located hosts to give a broad overview of the performances. We find that certain issues were apparent during testing (not directly related to the congestion control algorithms) which may skew results. With this in mind, we find that CTCP performed similarly to HSTCP across a multitude of different network environments. However, to improve the fairness and to reduce the impact of CTCP upon existing StandardTCP traffic, two areas of further research were investigated. Algorithmic additions to CTCP for burst control to reduce the aggressiveness of its cwnd increments demonstrated beneficial improvements in both fairness and throughput over the original CTCP algorithm. Similarly, {gamma} auto-tuning algorithms were investigated to dynamically adapt CTCP flows to their network conditions for optimal performance. While the effects of these auto-tuning algorithms when used in addition to burst control showed little to no benefit to fairness nor throughput for the limited number of network paths tested, one of the auto-tuning algorithms performed such that there was negligible impact upon StandardTCP. With these improvements, CTCP was found to perform better than HSTCP in terms of fairness and similarly in terms of throughput under the production environments tested.

Li, Yee-Ting; /SLAC

2006-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

159

Public Technical Conference on DOE Congestion Study and Criteria for Designation of National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technical Conference Technical Conference DOE Congestion Study and Criteria Designation of National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors March 29, 2006 Comments of Edward D. Tatum, Jr. Old Dominion Electric Cooperative Constraint Area and Corridor Designation * Corridors need to be "just right" * Too broad a designation could frustrate Congress' intent to facilitate licensing * Identify specific facilities rather than a family of alternatives - Too many; too long - Recognize impact on existing facilities Constraint Area and Corridor Designation * Existing infrastructure points with generalized paths between * Need "off ramps" * Opportunity to upgrade existing facilities or utilize existing ROW * Need to deliver into congested area * Provide States necessary opportunity for final

160

Suppression of ethanol-reinforced behavior by naltrexone is associated with attenuation of the ethanol-induced increase in dialysate dopamine levels in the nucleus accumbens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The opiate antagonist naltrexone suppresses ethanolreinforced behavior in animals and decreases ethanol intake in humans. However, the mechanisms underlying these actions are not well understood. Experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that naltrexone attenuates the rewarding properties of ethanol by interfering with ethanol-induced stimulation of dopamine activity in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc). Simultaneous measures of the effects of naltrexone on dialysate dopamine levels in the NAcc and on operant responding for oral ethanol were used. Male Wistar rats were trained to selfadminister ethanol (10–15%, w/v) in 0.2 % (w/v) saccharin during daily 30 min sessions and were surgically prepared for intracranial microdialysis. Experiments began after reliable selfadministration was established. Rats were injected with naltrexone (0.25 mg/kg, s.c.) or saline and 10 min later were placed

Rueben A. Gonzales; Friedbert Weiss

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Elevated CO2 increases tree-level intrinsic water use efficiency: insights from carbon and oxygen isotope analyses in tree rings across three forest FACE sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Elevated CO2 increases intrinsic water use efficiency (WUEi) of forests, but the magnitude of this effect and its interaction with climate is still poorly understood. We combined tree ring analysis with isotope measurements at three Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE, POP-EUROFACE, in Italy; Duke FACE in North Carolina and ORNL in Tennessee, USA) sites, to cover the entire life of the trees. We used 13C to assess carbon isotope discrimination ( 13C ci/ca) and changes in WUEi, while direct CO2 effects on stomatal conductance were explored using 18O as a proxy. Across all the sites, elevated CO2 increased 13C-derived WUEi on average by 73% for Liquidambar styraciflua, 77% for Pinus taeda and 75% for Populus sp., but through different ecophysiological mechanisms. Our findings provide a robust means of predicting WUEi responses from a variety of tree species exposed to variable environmental conditions over time, and species-specific relationships that can help modeling elevated CO2 and climate impacts on forest productivity, carbon and water balances.

Battipaglia, Giovanna [Second University of Naples; Saurer, Matthias [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland; Cherubini, Paulo [WSL Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research; Califapietra, Carlo [University of Tuscia; McCarthy, Heather R [Duke University; Norby, Richard J [ORNL; Cotrufo, M. Francesca [Colorado State University, Fort Collins

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Microsoft Word - Cover of Congestion CostsBL 54059-031017 final.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4049 4049 Electricity Transmission Congestion Costs: A Review of Recent Reports Prepared by Bernard C. Lesieutre and Joseph H. Eto Energy Analysis Department Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California Berkeley Berkeley, CA Environmental Energy Technologies Division October 2003 http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/EMS_pubs.html The work described in this report was coordinated by the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions and funded by the Office of Electric Transmission and Distribution of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United

163

FINAL_Comments on 2012 Congestion study filed w_DOE 1_30_2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

750 1 750 1 st St, NE Suite 1100 Washington, DC 20002 202.682.6294 Main 202.682.3050 Fax www.cleanskies.org January 30, 2012 Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, OE-20 U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., S.W. Washington, D.C. 20585 Sent by email to: Congestionstudy2012@hq.doe.gov David.Meyer@hq.doe.gov RE: Preparation of the 2012 Congestion Study The American Clean Skies Foundation (ACSF) is a non-profit organization founded to advance America's energy security and promote a cleaner environment through the expanded use of natural gas, renewable energy and energy efficiency. ACSF appreciates the opportunity to submit these comments, which underscore the importance of taking into account the growing role of natural gas-fired electric generation in connection with transmission planning.

164

Agent-Based Model of Price Competition, Capacity Choice, and Product Differentiation on Congested Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using consistent agent-based techniques, this research models the decision-making processes of users and infrastructure owner/operators to explore the welfare consequence of price competition, capacity choice, and product differentiation on congested transportation networks. Component models include: (1) An agent-based travel demand model wherein each traveler has learning capabilities and unique characteristics (e.g. value of time); (2) Econometric facility provision cost models; and (3) Representations of road authorities making pricing and capacity decisions. Different from small-network equilibrium models in prior literature, this agent-based model is applicable to pricing and investment analyses on large complex networks. The subsequent economic analysis focuses on the source, evolution, measurement, and impact of product differentiation with heterogeneous users on a mixed ownership network (with tolled and untolled roads). Two types of product differentiation in the presence of toll roads, path differentiation and space differentiation, are defined and measured for a base case and several variants with different types of price and capacity competition and with various degrees of user

Lei Zhang; David Levinson

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Microsoft Word - Comments to DOE from MoPSC on 2009 Trans Congestion Study_FINAL.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

COMMENTS OF THE MISSOURI PUBLIC SERVICE MISSOURI COMMISSION COMMENTS OF THE MISSOURI PUBLIC SERVICE MISSOURI COMMISSION REGARDING THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY'S 2009 TRANSMISSION CONGESTION STUDY AND THE DESIGNATION OF NATIONAL INTEREST ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION CORRIDORS I. Introduction A. Major Concern of the Missouri Public Service Missouri Commission At the outset, the Missouri Public Service Commission (Missouri Commission) wants to thank the Department of Energy (DOE) for the opportunity to provide input on its process for establishing National Interest Electricity Transmission Corridors (NIETCs). While cost allocation is not within the purview of the DOE under the 2005 Energy Policy Act, it is important for DOE to understand that the Missouri Commission's major concern is being allocated cost without commensurate benefits for the citizens of Missouri. The Missouri

166

A Review of the . . . : The Possible Roles of TSOs in Monitoring for Market Power Issues in Congested Transmission Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper surveys the literature and publicly available information on market power monitoring in electricity wholesale markets. After briefly reviewing definitions, strategies and methods of mitigating market power we examine the various methods of detecting market power that have been employed by academics and market monitors/regulators. These techniques include structural and behavioural indices and analysis as well as various simulation approaches. The applications of these tools range from spot market mitigation and congestion management through to long-term market design assessment and merger decisions. Various market-power monitoring units already track market behaviour and produce indices. Our survey shows that these units collect a large amount of data from various market participants and we identify the crucial role of the transmission system operators with their access to dispatch and system information. Easily accessible and comprehensive data supports effective market power monitoring and facilitates market design evaluation. The discretion required for effective market monitoring is facilitated by institutional independence.

Paul Twomey; Richard Green; Karsten Neuhoff; David Newbery

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

When a Rose Is Not a Rose: A Review of Recent Estimates of Congestion Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ship between the production cost impacts of transmissionsystem illustrates how production costs are increased due tothe constraint, and how production costs would change if the

Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Eto, Joseph H.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Figliozzi, Kingdon, and Wilkitzki 1 Analysis of Freight Tours in a Congested Urban Area Using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis proved challenging due to the large number of customers visited and links traveled during length distribution reflects variations in the daily number of customer demand and locations decreases as the number of customers visited per tour increases: for 4 customers the percentage of empty

Bertini, Robert L.

169

The impacts of congestion on time-definitive urban freight distribution networks CO2 emission levels: Results from a case study in Portland,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting CD Rom. Washington, DC, January 2009. -dependent travel speeds, hard time windows, and real-world time/distance data. This research is organized the mathematical formulation of the time-dependent hard time windows routing problem as well as an expression

Bertini, Robert L.

170

The Impacts of Congestion on Time-definitive Urban Freight Distribution1 Networks CO2 Emission Levels: results from a case study in Portland,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Washington DC. USA, web.cecs.pdx.edu/~maf/publications.html.15 CORDEAU, J. F., LAPORTE, G., SAVELSBERGH, M;25 Research Board Annual Meeting CD rom. Washington, DC, January 2009, also1 available at http for commercial vehicle26 routing in networks with time-dependent travel speeds, hard time windows, and real

Bertini, Robert L.

171

Gas utilities to increase outlays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite rising natural gas prices and falling consumer demand for gas, experts predict a 16% increase in US gas transmission and distribution expenditures for 1983. Production and storage outlays will probably decrease because of the current gas surplus. The demand for natural gas has been below production levels since 1981. Increases in residential and commercial requirements have been offset by a drop in industrial use, which represents 50% of total gas demand.

O'Donnell, J.P.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Polymers with increased order  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention features polymers with increased order, and methods of making them featuring a dense gas.

Sawan, Samuel P. (Tyngsborough, MA); Talhi, Abdelhafid (Rochester, MI); Taylor, Craig M. (Jemez Springs, NM)

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

173

Defining, Measuring, and Evaluating Path Walkability, and Testing Its Impacts on Transit Users’ Mode Choice and Walking Distance to the Station  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

traffic congestion, and foreign oil dependency, to obesitytraffic congestion, and foreign oil dependency to slowingtraffic congestion, foreign oil dependency, and increasing

Park, Sungjin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Increased Power Flow Guidebook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Increased Power Flow (IPF) Guidebook is a state-of-the-art and best practices guidebook on increasing power flow capacities of existing overhead transmission lines, underground cables, power transformers, and substation equipment without compromising safety and reliability. The Guidebook discusses power system concerns and limiting conditions to increasing capacity, reviews available technology options and methods, illustrates alternatives with case studies, and analyzes costs and benefits of differe...

2005-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

175

Diesel prices increase nationally  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices increase nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.91 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.3 cents from a week ago, based on the...

176

Diesel prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

177

Sensitivity of Global Climate Model Simulations to Increased Stomatal Resistance and C02 Increases*  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing levels of atmospheric CO2 will not only modify climate, they will also likely increase the water-use efficiency of plants by decreasing stomatal openings. The effect of the imposition of “doubled stomatal resistance” on climate is ...

A. Henderson-Sellers; K. McGuffie; C. Gross

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Disk Quota Increase Request  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disk Disk Quota Increase Disk Quota Increase Request NERSC will consider reasonable requests for changes in disk space and inode limits. Please submit a request through the "Request Forms" section at the NERSC help portal. If you select "Hopper scratch directory" from the "File System" menu below, the quota value requested applies to the combined contents of $SCRATCH and $SCRATCH2. Please ask for the least amount of resources you need, since the sum of disk space and inodes allocated to users already exceeds system capacity. In other words, system resources would be exhausted before all users could use their existing quotas. You can find out the current quotas and usage of disk space and inodes for your home and scratch file systems with the myquota command. You can find

179

Pemex increasing offshore activity  

SciTech Connect

Although austere by boom-year standards, Mexico's National Energy Program for 1984-1988 calls for forty wildcats and 90 to 144 development wells off the coast, primarily in the prolific Campeche Bay area. Platform additions will include nine drilling platforms, each for twelve wells, and eight eight platforms to drill injection wells. Additionally, 7 production, 6 accomodation, 6 linkage and 8 compression platforms and 13 tetrapods will be installed. The main objectives of the plan are energy self-sufficiency through the turn of the century, and energy diversification, savings and productivity. The most controversial portion of Mexico's energy program is that calling for nuclear energy development. The energy program lists three basic goals in hydrocarbon production: continuing research on better techniques of secondary recovery; increasing capacity for refining primary and secondary crude products and improving production of heavy crudes; and increasing storage capacity and installing pipelines capable of carrying a greater volume of crude.

Beachy, D.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Robustness of Ethernet-Based Real-Time Networked Control System with Multi-Level Client/Server Architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The importance of real-time communication at the device level in a factory automation setup is a widely researched area. This research is an effort to experimentally verify if Ethernet can be used as a real-time communication standard in a factory automation setup, by observing the effects of packet delays, packet loss, and network congestion on the performance of a networked control system (NCS). The NCS experimental setup used in this research involves real-time feedback control of multiple plants like DC motors and a magnetic-levitation system connected to one or more controllers. A multi-client-multi-server architecture on a local area network (LAN) was developed using user datagram protocol (UDP) as the communication protocol. Key observations are as follows. (1) The multi-client-single-server system showed the highest packet delays compared to single-client-single-server architecture. (2) In the singleclient- single-server system, as the Ethernet link utilization increased beyond 82 percent, the average packet delays and steady-state error of the DC motor speed-control system increased by 2231 percent and 304 percent, respectively. (3) Even under high link utilization, adding an additional server to the NCS reduced average packet delays considerably. (4) With large packet sizes, higher packet rates were automatically throttled by Ethernet’s flow control mechanism affecting the real-time communication negatively. (5) In the multiclient- multi-server architecture, average packet delays at higher packet rates, and at higher packet lengths were found to be 40 percent lesser than the those of the single-clientsingle- server system and 87.5 percent lesser than those of the multi-client-single-server system.

Bibinagar, Naveen Kumar

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Liquid level controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for maintaining two distinct sodium levels within the shell of a heat exchanger having a plurality of J-shaped modular tube bundles each enclosed in a separate shell which extends from a common base portion. A lower liquid level is maintained in the base portion and an upper liquid level is maintained in the shell enwrapping the long stem of the J-shaped tube bundles by utilizing standpipes with a notch at the lower end which decreases in open area the distance from the end of the stand pipe increases and a supply of inert gas fed at a constant rate to produce liquid levels, which will remain generally constant as the flow of liquid through the vessel varies. (auth)

Mangus, J.D.; Redding, A.H.

1975-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

182

Production Will Meet Demand Increase This Summer  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: Production must meet increases in demand this year. Last year, increased imports met most of the summer demand increase, and increases in stock draws met almost all of the remainder. Production did not increase much. But this year, inventories will not be available, and increased imports seem unlikely. Thus, increases in production will be needed to meet increased demand. Imports availability is uncertain this summer. Imports in 1999 were high, and with Phase II RFG product requirements, maintaining this level could be challenging since not all refineries exporting to the U.S. will be able to meet the new gasoline specifications. Stocks will also contribute little supply this summer. Last year's high gasoline stocks allowed for a stock draw that was 58 MB/D higher than

183

National Electric Transmission Congestion Studies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Section 216(a) of the Federal Power Act, as amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005, directs the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct a study every three years on electric transmission...

184

Congestion management in electricity networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

 are accepted and their payments. Nodal pricing or locational  marginal pricing (LMP) is used in Argentina, Chile, Ireland, New Zealand, Russia, Singapore,  in several US states (e.g. California, New England, New York, PJM and Texas), and Poland is on  the  way  to  implement  it  as  well.  This  design  acknowledges...

Holmberg, Pärr; Lazarczyk, Ewa

2012-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

185

Congestion delays at hub airports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A deterministic model was developed to study the effects of inefficient scheduling on flight delays at hub airports. The model bases the delay calculation on published schedule data and on user-defined airport capacities. ...

St. George, Martin J.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Instrumentation for Increased Power Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is the second Technical Update of the Instrumentation for Managing Increased Power Flow project, part of EPRI's Increased Power Flow (IPF) program. The project, initiated in 2006 and expected to continue for several years, studies the feasibility of new instrumentation to support increased power flow strategies. In 2007 the work focused on two primary developments: the Backscatter Sensor for the real-time measurement of transmission line temperature and current and the Emissivity Test Instrum...

2007-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

187

Increased Power Flow Guidebook - 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Increased Power Flow (IPF) Guidebook is a state-of-the-art and best- practices reference and guidebook on increasing the power flow capacities of existing overhead transmission lines, underground cables, power transformers, and substation equipment, without compromising safety and reliability. The Guidebook discusses power system concerns and limiting conditions to increasing capacity, reviews available technology options and methods, illustrates the alternatives with case ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

188

Increased Power Flow Guidebook - 2013  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Increased Power Flow (IPF) Guidebook is a state-of-the-art and best- practices reference and guidebook on increasing the power flow capacities of existing overhead transmission lines, underground cables, power transformers, and substation equipment, without compromising safety and reliability. The Guidebook discusses power system concerns and limiting conditions to increasing capacity, reviews available technology options and methods, illustrates the alternatives with case ...

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

189

Increase Duct and Plenum Insulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

changes to the commercial provisions of the 2012 IECC: Increase Duct and Plenum Insulation R Hart Pacific Northwest National Laboratory December 2012 Proposal Description This...

190

Increasing State Capacity Through Clans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their role in increasing state capacity With the decline ofhere focus on state capacity and the associated discussionselements of state capacity during the transition from one

Doyle, Jr, Thomas Martin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Level-3 Calorimetric Resolution available for the Level-1 and Level-2 CDF Triggers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the Tevatron luminosity increases sophisticated selections are required to be efficient in selecting rare events among a very huge background. To cope with this problem, CDF has pushed the offline calorimeter algorithm reconstruction resolution up to Level 2 and, when possible, even up to Level 1, increasing efficiency and, at the same time, keeping under control the rates. The CDF Run II Level 2 calorimeter trigger is implemented in hardware and is based on a simple algorithm that was used in Run I. This system has worked well for Run II at low luminosity. As the Tevatron instantaneous luminosity increases, the limitation due to this simple algorithm starts to become clear: some of the most important jet and MET (Missing ET) related triggers have large growth terms in cross section at higher luminosity. In this paper, we present an upgrade of the Level 2 Calorimeter system which makes the calorimeter trigger tower information available directly to a CPU allowing more sophisticated algorithms to be implemented in software. Both Level 2 jets and MET can be made nearly equivalent to offline quality, thus significantly improving the performance and flexibility of the jet and MET related triggers. However in order to fully take advantage of the new L2 triggering capabilities having at Level 1 the same L2 MET resolution is necessary. The new Level-1 MET resolution is calculated by dedicated hardware. This paper describes the design, the hardware and software implementation and the performance of the upgraded calorimeter trigger system both at Level 2 and Level 1.

A. Canepa; M. Casarsa; T. Liu; G. Cortiana; G. Flanagan; H. Frisch; D. Krop; C. Pilcher; V. Rusu; V. Cavaliere; V. Greco; P. Giannetti; M. Piendibene; L. Sartori; M. Vidal

2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

192

Increasing Scientific Productivity by Tracking Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Tracking Data Tracking Increases Scientific Productivity Data Tracking Increases Scientific Productivity July 20, 2011 | Tags: HPSS, NERSC Linda Vu, lvu@lbl.gov, +1 510 486 2402 HPSS Storage New supercomputers and networks are contributing to record levels of scientific productivity. In fact, every new system installed at NERSC over the last 10 years has generated about 50 percent more data than its predecessor. To effectively meet the increasing scientific demand for storage systems and services, the center's staff must first understand how data moves within the facility. Until recently, the process of obtaining these insights was extremely tedious because the statistics came from multiple sources, including network router statistics, client and server transfer logs, storage and accounting reports-all saved as very

193

STEO January 2013 - oil production increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

oil production to increase in 2013 and 2014 oil production to increase in 2013 and 2014 U.S. crude oil production is expected to keep rising over the next two years. America's oil output will jump nearly 900,000 barrels per day in 2013 to an average 7.3 million barrels a day, according to the latest monthly forecast from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This would mark the biggest one-year increase in output since U.S. commercial crude oil production began in 1859. U.S. daily oil production is expected to rise by another 600,000 barrels in 2014 to nearly 8 million barrels a day, the highest level since 1988. Most of America's oil production growth over the next two years will come from more drilling activity in tight shale rock formations located in North Dakota and Texas

194

Enterprise level IT risk management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing IT budget and over-dependence of business on IT infra-structure makes risk management a critical component of enterprise management. The creation and sustenance of an IT risk management framework is one of the crucial and challenging tasks ... Keywords: enterprise level, information technology, risk management

Nadhirah Azizi; Khairuddin Hashim

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.98 a gallon on Labor Day Monday. That's up 6.8 cents from a week ago, based...

196

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.6 cents from a week ago, based on the...

197

Diesel prices slightly increase nationally  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices slightly increase nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's up 4-tenths of a penny from a...

198

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.9 cents from a week ago, based on the...

199

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.92 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.2 cents from a week ago, based on the...

200

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.89 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.4 cents from a week ago, based on the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.88 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.9 cents from a week ago, based on the...

202

Economics of Increased Power Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report focuses on methodologies for evaluating the costs and benefits of the diverse technologies that can be used either individually or jointly to increase the flow of power through the transmission system. It begins by describing a broad slate of potential technologies and approaches for increasing transmission capacity and improving system efficiency and then provides an overall framework for assessing the benefits and costs of these technologies. Later sections cover the practical implementatio...

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

203

Company Level Imports Archives  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Company Level Imports Company Level Imports Archives 2013 Imports by Month January XLS February XLS March XLS April XLS May XLS June XLS July XLS August XLS September XLS...

204

EIA forecasts increased oil demand, need for additional supply ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

World oil demand is forecast to increase by 1.7 million barrels per day (bbl/d) ... Cooling demand in the Middle East is expected to rise to record levels this summer.

205

Liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector for low pressure boilers. A boiler tank, from which apor, such as steam, normally exits via a main vent, is provided with a vertical side tube connected to the tank at the desired low liquid level. When the liquid level falls to the level of the side tube vapor escapes therethrough causing heating of a temperature sensitive device located in the side tube, which, for example, may activate a liquid supply means for adding liquid to the boiler tank. High liquid level in the boiler tank blocks entry of vapor into the side tube, allowing the temperature sensitive device to cool, for example, to ambient temperature.

Grasso, Albert P. (Vernon, CT)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector for low pressure boilers. A boiler tank, from which vapor, such as steam, normally exits via a main vent, is provided with a vertical side tube connected to the tank at the desired low liquid level. When the liquid level falls to the level of the side tube vapor escapes therethrough causing heating of a temperature sensitive device located in the side tube, which, for example, may activate a liquid supply means for adding liquid to the boiler tank. High liquid level in the boiler tank blocks entry of vapor into the side tube, allowing the temperature sensitive device to cool, for example, to ambient temperature.

Grasso, A.P.

1984-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

207

High pressure liquid level monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level monitor for tracking the level of a coal slurry in a high-pressure vessel including a toroidal-shaped float with magnetically permeable bands thereon disposed within the vessel, two pairs of magnetic field generators and detectors disposed outside the vessel adjacent the top and bottom thereof and magnetically coupled to the magnetically permeable bands on the float, and signal processing circuitry for combining signals from the top and bottom detectors for generating a monotonically increasing analog control signal which is a function of liquid level. The control signal may be utilized to operate high-pressure control valves associated with processes in which the high-pressure vessel is used.

Bean, Vern E. (Frederick, MD); Long, Frederick G. (Ijamsville, MD)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

RANGE INCREASER FOR PNEUMATIC GAUGES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved pneumatic gage is offered in which the linear range has been increased without excessive air consumption. This has been accomplished by providing an expansible antechamber connected to the nozzle of the gage so that the position of the nozzle with respect to the workpiece is varied automatically by variation in pressure within the antechamber. This arrangement ensures that the nozzle-to-workpiece clearance is maintained within certain limits, thus obtaining a linear relation of air flow to nozzle-to-workpiece clearance over a wider range.

Fowler, A.H.; Seaborn, G.B. Jr.

1960-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

209

Rotating control head applications increasing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rotating control head technology has become an important tool for lowering drilling costs and increasing well productivity, especially in many hard-rock areas and mature oil and gas fields. Lower drilling costs are achieved primarily by the faster penetration rates, reduced nondrilling time, and reduced mud volume requirements associated with underbalanced drilling. Greater well productivity can sometimes be obtained because of reduced formation damage for mud. Recent advances in rotating head technology have increased the range of well conditions to which this technology can be applied. Even though the use of rotating control heads is growing rapidly, this topic has been largely neglected in most well control training programs. Many engineers are not yet familiar with this important emerging technology and some of the modern concepts and practices used. The paper discusses the high-pressure rotating head and its application to gas or air drilling, flow drilling, geothermal drilling, overbalanced drilling and workover operations. The paper also discusses operating guidelines and rig crew training.

Bourgoyne, A.T. Jr. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1995-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

210

Level: National Data;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

.5 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2006; Level: National Data; Row: Energy Sources and Shipments, including Further Classification of 'Other' Energy...

211

Liquid level detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses a method. It is for detecting presence of a liquid level at a first predetermined point along the depth of a borehole.

Fryer, C.D.; Stie, K.E.; Wedel, M.W.; Stamper, K.R.

1990-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

212

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Natural Gas to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002;" " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" "...

213

" Level: National Data;" " ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; " " Level: National Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" "...

214

A variation aware high level synthesis framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The worst-case delay/power of function units has been used in traditional high level synthesis to facilitate design space exploration. As technology scales to nanometer regime, the impact of process variations increases. The degree of variability encountered ...

Feng Wang; Guangyu Sun; Yuan Xie

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

January 2012 EA Report Brown Bagger 1 Increasing Energy Levels at  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

propulsion, some of the reduction in energy usage relative to other cephalopods may result from the use Introduction FLIGHT OF THE VAMPIRE: ONTOGENETIC GAIT-TRANSITION IN VAMPYROTEUTHIS INFERNALIS (CEPHALOPODA swimming speeds observed (Hunt, 1996) in adult vampire squid are consistent with models for underwater

Kim, Duck O.

216

Radiation Level Changes at RAM Package Surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper will explore design considerations required to meet the regulations that limit radiation level variations at external surfaces of radioactive material (RAM) packages. The radiation level requirements at package surfaces (e.g. TS-R-1 paragraphs 531 and 646) invoke not only maximum radiation levels, but also strict limits on the allowable increase in the radiation level during transport. This paper will explore the regulatory requirements by quantifying the amount of near surface movement and/or payload shifting that results in a 20% increase in the radiation level at the package surface. Typical IP-2, IP-3, Type A and Type B packaging and source geometries will be illustrated. Variations in surface radiation levels are typically the result of changes in the geometry of the surface due to an impact, puncture or crush event, or shifting and settling of radioactive contents.

Opperman, Erich [Washington Savannah River Company; Hawk, Mark B [ORNL; Kapoor, Ashok [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Packaging and Transportation; Natali, Ronald [R. B. Natali Consulting, Inc.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Value of storage with increased renewable penetration.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem statement for this project is: (1) Renewable energy portfolio standards - (a) high penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation on the grid, (b) utilities constrained by NERC Control Performance Standards, (c) requires additional resources to match generation with load; and (2) mitigation of impacts with energy storage - at what level of renewable penetration does energy storage become an attractive value proposition. Use a simplified, yet robust dispatch model that: (a) incorporates New Mexico Balance Area load and wind generation data, (b) distributes the load among a suite of generators, (c) quantifies increased generation costs with increased penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation - fuel, startup, shut down, ramping, standby, etc., (d) tracks and quantifies NERC pentalties and violations, and (e) quantifies storage costs. Dispatch model has been constructed and it: (a) accurately distributes a load among a suite of generators, (b) quantifies duty cycle metrics for each of the generators - cumulative energy production, ramping and non ramping duration, spinning reserves, number of start-ups, and shut down durations, etc., (c) quantifies energy exchanges - cumulative exchanges, duration, and number of exchanges, (d) tracks ACE violations.

Brainard, James Robert; Roach, Jesse Dillon

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Concerns with low-level ionizing radiation  

SciTech Connect

Populations have been studied in geographic areas of increased natural radiation, in radiation-exposed workers, in patients medically exposed, and in accidental exposures. No reproducible evidence exists of harmful effects from increases in background radiation three to ten times the usual levels. There is no increase in leukemia or other cancers among American military participants in nuclear testing, no increase in leukemia or thyroid cancer among medical patients receiving {sup 131}I for diagnosis or treatment of hypothyroidism, and no increase in lung cancer among nonsmokers exposed to increased radon in the home. The association of radiation with the atomic bomb and with excessive regulatory and health physics as-low-as-reasonably-achievable (ALARA) radiation levels practices has created a climate of fear about the dangers of radiation at any level. However, there is no evidence that radiation exposures at the levels equivalent to medical usage are harmful. The unjustified excessive concern with radiation at any level, however, precludes beneficial uses of radiation and radioactivity in medicine, science, and industry.

Yalow, R.S.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

219

Linking Resources and Structures: Increasing the Effectiveness...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Linking Resources and Structures: Increasing the Effectiveness of Energy Efficient Government Procurement Programs Title Linking Resources and Structures: Increasing the...

220

Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home Energy Efficiency Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home Energy Efficiency...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

SES Performance-Based Pay Increase | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Performance-Based Pay Increase Performance-Based Pay Increase SES Performance-Based Pay Increase An agency may provide a pay increase to allow a senior executive to advance his or her relative position with the SES rate range only upon a determination by the authorized agency official that the executive's individual performance and/or contribution to agency performance so warrant. A senior executive who receives an annual summary rating of Outstanding or equivalent may be considered for an annual pay increase. A senior executive who receives an annual summary rating of less than Fully Successful or equivalent may not receive an increase in pay for the current appraisal period. The expectation is that executives who are paid consistent with their current level of responsibilities and who receive an

222

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2006 Analysis...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

data * Monitored constraints originate in the following sources: - The NERC flowgate book. - The list of flowgates published by the Midwest ISO on their website. - A list of...

223

Interruptible Physical Transmission Contracts for Congestion Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

risk neutral with respect to any unexpected equipment outages, This risk is automatically born high [8]. Second, the transaction and information cost to traders may be very high [5]. Third, markets and equipment outage uncertainty. One of the ways to circumvent these uncertainties and project the price

Ilic, Marija D.

224

Comparison of Internet Congestion-Control Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... In addition, the broader insights provided by OFF ... in an significant amount of insight about the ... for modeling and analyzing global behavior has ...

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

225

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Portland...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WY PSC.pdf Presentation by Rich Bayless, NTTG.pdf Presentation by Susan Henderson, Xcel Energy.pdf Presentation by Marv Landauer, ColumbiaGrid.pdf Presentation by Steve...

226

Bottleneck analysis and traffic congestion avoidance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the help of software such as packet sniffer one can easily intercept or capture the network packets that travel across the network. The sniffer captures these packets by setting the NIC card in the promiscuous mode and eventually decodes them and ... Keywords: NIC, libpcap, network analyzer, network monitoring, packet capture, packet sniffer, promiscuous mode, traffic analysis

M. A. Qadeer; A. H. Khan; A. A. Habeeb; M. A. Hafeez

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Chapter 5 – Modeling Congestion Control Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... that standard slow start is replaced by limited ... In our model, estimated throughput is updated every UH ... in all graphs is denominated in 100 ms units. ...

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

228

Optimal congestion treatment for bilateral electricity trading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dujxh zkhwkhu wkh qxpehu ri frqwudfwv lq wkh }rqh0wr0}rqh ghvljq zloo lq uhdolw| eh vpdoohu wkdq #7; W E#7; 3#28;*21 Zk| vkrxog rqh uhtxluh wudqvplvvlrq frqwudfwv iru wudqvplvvlrqv ehwzhhq }rqhv li wkh wudqvplvvlrq grhv qrw frqwulexwh wr dq| frqjhvwlrq1... vshfldo fdvh ri rqh0olqh lqwhufrqqhfwlrq zlwk qlfho| rqh zd| rzv1 47 716 H!flhqw uhexqgolqj uhtxluhv VR wr uhwdlq wudqvplvvlrq uljkwv Wkh irxu0qrgh qhwzrun lq #31;jxuh 6 looxvwudwhv zk| lw grhv qrw vx!fh li wkh VR ex|v rqh hqwu| uljkw lq rughu wr...

Neuhoff, Karsten

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

229

2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 Section 1222 of the Energy Policy Act 2005 International Electricity Regulation Presidential Permits Export Authorizations Pending Applications NEPA Other Regulatory...

230

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 Section 1222 of the Energy Policy Act 2005 International Electricity Regulation Presidential Permits Export Authorizations Pending Applications NEPA Other Regulatory...

231

National Electric Transmission Congestion Studies | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 Section 1222 of the Energy Policy Act 2005 International Electricity Regulation Presidential Permits Export Authorizations Pending Applications NEPA Other Regulatory...

232

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshops...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 Section 1222 of the Energy Policy Act 2005 International Electricity Regulation Presidential Permits Export Authorizations Pending Applications NEPA Other Regulatory...

233

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 Section 1222 of the Energy Policy Act 2005 International Electricity Regulation Presidential Permits Export Authorizations Pending Applications NEPA Other Regulatory...

234

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Webinars...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 Section 1222 of the Energy Policy Act 2005 International Electricity Regulation Presidential Permits Export Authorizations Pending Applications NEPA Other Regulatory...

235

CONGESTION MANAGEMENT ALLOCATION IN MULTIPLE TRANSACTION NETWORKS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the nondiscriminatory transmission charges for each transaction's usage of the network. We illustrate the workings in the rapid disintegration of the well-entrenched vertically integrated structure of the electric industry of transactions. In the new competitive electricity market environment, the transmission system takes on a common

Gross, George

236

Powerpedia - Using Technology to Increase Transparancy | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Using Technology to Increase Transparancy - Using Technology to Increase Transparancy Powerpedia - Using Technology to Increase Transparancy May 18, 2011 - 4:42pm Addthis The OCIO established a Department-wide wiki, Powerpedia, in early 2010 to help facilitate knowledge capture, collaboration, and increased efficiency. Leveraging many of the lessons learned from the intelligence community's Intellipedia effort, the Department implemented Powerpedia to increase the level of transparency and connect people and information together. Built on the same open source software underpinning Wikipedia, called MediaWiki, the Department is rapidly building a large corpus of information that is enabling the organization to "know what it knows". As of May 2011, Powerpedia has over 7,500 total pages and 45,000 page

237

Determination of Coke Calcination Level and Anode Baking Level  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Determination of Coke Calcination Level and Anode Baking Level – Application and Reproducibility of Lc Based Methods. Author(s), Stein ...

238

FCT Education: Increase Your H2IQ  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increase Your H2IQ to someone by Increase Your H2IQ to someone by E-mail Share FCT Education: Increase Your H2IQ on Facebook Tweet about FCT Education: Increase Your H2IQ on Twitter Bookmark FCT Education: Increase Your H2IQ on Google Bookmark FCT Education: Increase Your H2IQ on Delicious Rank FCT Education: Increase Your H2IQ on Digg Find More places to share FCT Education: Increase Your H2IQ on AddThis.com... Home Increase Your H2IQ Fuel Cell Basics Hydrogen Production Basics Hydrogen Delivery Basics Hydrogen Storage Basics Hydrogen Safety Basics For Safety & Code Officials For State & Local Governments For Early Adopters For Students & Educators Careers in Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Quick Links Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen Storage Fuel Cells Technology Validation Manufacturing

239

Company Level Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

All Petroleum & Other Liquids Reports All Petroleum & Other Liquids Reports Company Level Imports With Data for September 2013 | Release Date: November 27, 2013 | Next Release Date: December 30, 2013 | XLS Previous Issues Month: September 2013 August 2013 July 2013 June 2013 May 2013 April 2013 March 2013 February 2013 January 2013 prior issues Go September 2013 Import Highlights Monthly data on the origins of crude oil imports in September 2013 has been released and it shows that two countries exported more than 1 million barrels per day to the United States (see table below). The top five exporting countries accounted for 75 percent of United States crude oil imports in September while the top ten sources accounted for approximately 92 percent of all U.S. crude oil imports. The top five sources of US crude

240

Liquid level detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid level detector for conductive liquids for vertical installation in a tank, the detector having a probe positioned within a sheath and insulated therefrom by a seal so that the tip of the probe extends proximate to but not below the lower end of the sheath, the lower end terminating in a rim that is provided with notches, said lower end being tapered, the taper and notches preventing debris collection and bubble formation, said lower end when contacting liquid as it rises will form an airtight cavity defined by the liquid, the interior sheath wall, and the seal, the compression of air in the cavity preventing liquid from further entry into the sheath and contact with the seal. As a result, the liquid cannot deposit a film to form an electrical bridge across the seal.

Tshishiku, Eugene M. (Augusta, GA)

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Increased Water Use Efficeincy Through Trickle Irrigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The gap between supply and demand of water for agricultural and municipal uses is rapidly closing at a time when world food requirements are increasing at an alarming rate. To meet the demand for agricultural products, new lands must be brought into production or higher yields must be realized from existing lands. In either case, more efficient use of water is prerequisite. Trickle irrigation is an approach to obtain increased water use efficiencies (ratio of weight of grain harvested to weight of total crop water use) and therefore a way to increase food production with our limited water resources. The ultimate goal of this investigation was the development of required crop inputs for selected crops to optimize the design of trickle irrigation systems and obtain an optimum water balance for living plants. Specific objectives were as follows: 1. To quantitatively determine optimum irrigation timing and necessary water application amounts for selected crops when using trickle irrigation; and 2. To develop a general method for the hydraulic design of trickle irrigation systems using inputs from the first objective for optimizing the system. To achieve these objectives, experiments were conducted in field lysimeters and in a well-instrumented field plot installation for evaluating the crop inputs. Complete control of the soil water balance can be achieved by the use of these facilities. By knowing the required crop inputs and utilizing known principles of fluid mechanics proper design procedures were developed to provide optimum design for trickle irrigation systems. To achieve the first objective, three research experiments were conducted at the research lysimeters of the Department of Agricultural Engineering at Texas A&M University for which grain sorghum was selected as the experimental crop. The first two experiments were designed to study the response of grain sorghum to trickle and subsurface irrigation. A comparison of water use efficiencies under well-watered conditions using both intensified and conventional water application methods and the evaluation of water use efficiencies with trickle irrigation applications designed to limit the availability of water were the specific objectives. The results indicated higher water use efficiencies and better crop response when the trickle method of application was used. Also, the results showed that higher water use efficiencies can be obtained by applying sparing amounts. An additional investigation carried out under a different research project of the Texas Water Resources Institute (TWRI Project No. A024TEX) was designed to develop a computer model to simulate grain sorghum yield and water use under high frequency irrigation. The simulation methods used in this study can be used to simulate a complete irrigation experiment greatly reducing research costs and allowing the determination of water requirements for many crops under many different soil and climatic conditions. The objective of the third research experiment conducted in 1974 was to determine if different irrigation frequencies would influence the growth and water use efficiency of grain sorghum when irrigated at optimum levels. Results indicated that frequency of application had no significant effect on the water use efficiency of grain sorghum for irrigation intervals up to 7 days. To attain the second goal of this investigation two trickle irrigation lateral design methods were developed. With the first method the pressure loss and emitter flow ratio for trickle irrigation laterals can be determined. The design method is based upon known principles of fluid mechanics. A computer program was written to determine the lateral pressure loss and emitter flow ratio at a given design length as function of pipe size, tree spacing, number of emitters per tree, emitter spacing, downstream lateral pressure and lateral slope. For a given set of design inputs, the program can be used to determine if the given pipe size will be adequate to li

Hiler, E. A.

1975-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Linearity of Climate Response to Increases in Black Carbon Aerosols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of absorbing aerosols on global climate are not completely understood. Here, we present results of idealized experiments conducted with the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM4) coupled to a slab ocean model (CAM4-SOM) to simulate the climate response to increases in tropospheric black carbon aerosols (BC) by direct and semi-direct effects. CAM4-SOM was forced with 0, 1x, 2x, 5x and 10x an estimate of the present day concentration of BC while maintaining their estimated present day global spatial and vertical distribution. The top of the atmosphere (TOA) radiative forcing of BC in these experiments is positive (warming) and increases linearly as the BC burden increases. The total semi-direct effect for the 1x experiment is positive but becomes increasingly negative for higher BC concentrations. The global average surface temperature response is found to be a linear function of the TOA radiative forcing. The climate sensitivity to BC from these experiments is estimated to be 0.42 K $\\textnormal W^{-1} m^{2}$ when the semi-direct effects are accounted for and 0.22 K $\\textnormal W^{-1} m^{2}$ with only the direct effects considered. Global average precipitation decreases linearly as BC increases, with a precipitation sensitivity to atmospheric absorption of 0.4 $\\%$ $\\textnormal W^{-1} \\textnormal m^{2}$ . The hemispheric asymmetry of BC also causes an increase in southward cross-equatorial heat transport and a resulting northward shift of the inter-tropical convergence zone in the simulations at a rate of 4$^{\\circ}$N $\\textnormal PW^{-1}$. Global average mid- and high-level clouds decrease, whereas the low-level clouds increase linearly with BC. The increase in marine stratocumulus cloud fraction over the south tropical Atlantic is caused by increased BC-induced diabatic heating of the free troposphere.

Evans, Katherine J [ORNL; Hack, James J [ORNL; Truesdale, John [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Measurements and Standards to Support Increased Energy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements and Standards to Support Increased Energy Efficiency and Reduced Environmental Impact (+$13.3 million). Challenge. ...

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

244

NIST Announces Funding Opportunity to Increase Energy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Announces Funding Opportunity to Increase Energy Efficiency in Commercial Buildings. From NIST Tech Beat: February 16, 2012. ...

2012-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

245

Increasing Global Renewable Energy Market Share  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to experience even greater energy supply uncertainties and price increases from fossil fuels. Recent trendsIncreasing Global Renewable Energy Market Share: Recent Trends and Perspectives Final Report a time of growing volatility and uncertainty in world energy markets. Oil price increases, which hit oil

Damm, Werner

246

TRANSIENT CONTROL LEVEL PHILOSOPHY AND ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. TRANSIENT CONTROL LEVEL PHILOSOPHY AND IMPLEMENTATION II. Techniques and Equipment for Making TCL Tests ...

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

247

System Operational and Planning Impacts of Increased Generator Cycling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This update describes research performed in 2012 to contextualize some of the key issues related to generator cycling with high wind and photovoltaic (PV) penetrations. Using representative system data from California, cycling with increasing wind and PV generation is examined. Sensitivities on the value of various generator-specific (turndown levels, hot start operation, outage rate, etc.) and system-specific (PV/wind mix, penetration of wind, etc.) characteristics are used to identify those ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

248

EPRI Increased Power Flow Guidebook -- 2011  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Increased Power Flow (IPF) Guidebook is a state-of-the-art and best-practices reference and guidebook on increasing the power flow capacities of existing overhead transmission lines, underground cables, power transformers, and substation equipment without compromising safety and reliability. The Guidebook discusses power system concerns and limiting conditions to increasing capacity, reviews available technology options and methods, illustrates the alternatives with case studies, and analyzes th...

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

249

EPRI Increased Transmission Capacity Workshop Proceedings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the proceedings of EPRI's Increased Overhead Transmission Capacity Workshop. The workshop was held on September 20, 2011 at the offices of the American Transmission Company in Waukesha, Wisconsin. Participants included members of the EPRI Increased Overhead Transmission Capacity Task Force. The workshop was a joint effort of two EPRI research projects: (1) Increased Power Flow Guidebook and Ratings for Overhead Lines, and (2) Impact of High Temperature Operation on Conductor Systems...

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

250

U.S. monthly coal production increases  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

U.S. coal production in July totaled 88.9 million short tons, the highest level since August 2012, according to preliminary data from the U.S. Energy Information...

251

System-wide emissions implications of increased wind power penetration.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper discusses the environmental effects of incorporating wind energy into the electric power system. We present a detailed emissions analysis based on comprehensive modeling of power system operations with unit commitment and economic dispatch for different wind penetration levels. First, by minimizing cost, the unit commitment model decides which thermal power plants will be utilized based on a wind power forecast, and then, the economic dispatch model dictates the level of production for each unit as a function of the realized wind power generation. Finally, knowing the power production from each power plant, the emissions are calculated. The emissions model incorporates the effects of both cycling and start-ups of thermal power plants in analyzing emissions from an electric power system with increasing levels of wind power. Our results for the power system in the state of Illinois show significant emissions effects from increased cycling and particularly start-ups of thermal power plants. However, we conclude that as the wind power penetration increases, pollutant emissions decrease overall due to the replacement of fossil fuels.

Valentino, L.; Valenzuela, V.; Botterud, A.; Zhou, Z.; Conzelmann, G. (Decision and Information Sciences); (Univ. of Illinois, Champaign/Urbana); (Georgia Institute of Technology)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

,"Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases "  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases ",36,"Annual",2011,"6302009" ,"Release...

253

Available Technologies: Efflux Pumps to Increase Microbial ...  

Efflux Pumps to Increase Microbial Tolerance and Biofuel Production EIB-2845. ... to determining the most effective pumps for any given host and target ...

254

Increasing Power Plant Efficiency: Lignite Fuel Enhancement ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increasing Power Plant Efficiency: Lignite Fuel Enhancement (Completed March 31, 2010) Project Description The objectives of this project are to demonstrate a unique system for...

255

Available Technologies: Energy Crops Engineered for Increased ...  

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Biofuel feedstock plants; ADVANTAGES: Reduced lignin or phenolic compounds compared with wild type plants; Up to a 10 percent increase in ...

256

Increasing water holding capacity for irrigation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increasing water holding capacity for irrigation Reseachers recommend solutions for sediment trapping in irrigation system LANL and SNL leveraged technical expertise to determine...

257

Latest Filter Developments Increasing Existing Aluminium Smelter ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, With increasing electricity costs and falling metal commodity ... and the latest extension of Ad?Flow™ filter designs for even greater filtration ...

258

Security enhanced with increased vehicle inspections  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Security enhanced with increased vehicle inspections Security enhanced with increased vehicle inspections Security measures increase as of March: vehicle inspections won't delay traffic New increased security procedures meet LANL's security objectives while minimizing impacts on local businesses and tourists. March 23, 2012 The most prominent change is the increase of random inspections of all vehicles transiting the Laboratory, to include West and East Jemez Roads and roadways leading to the main Laboratory administrative area, Technical Area 3 Expect random inspections of all vehicles transiting the Laboratory, to include West and East Jemez Roads and roadways leading to the main Laboratory administrative area, Technical Area 3. Contact Kevin Roark Communications Office (505) 665-9202 Email "We're doing our best to meet our security objectives while minimizing

259

Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home Energy Efficiency Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home Energy Efficiency October 31, 2013 - 5:01pm Addthis The Intermountain Weatherization Training Center in Clearfield, Utah. Weatherization Training Centers throughout the nation teach workers valuable skills needed to improve energy efficiency of homes. | Photo courtesy of Intermountain Weatherization Training Center The Intermountain Weatherization Training Center in Clearfield, Utah. Weatherization Training Centers throughout the nation teach workers valuable skills needed to improve energy efficiency of homes. | Photo courtesy of Intermountain Weatherization Training Center Bob Adams Supervisor, Weatherization Assistance Program

260

FEASIBILITY OF INCREASING THE ENERGY OF RHIC.  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we discuss the possibility of increasing the energy of beams in RHIC by as much as 30% with a modest trade-off in luminosity. The arc dipoles and quadrupoles were designed with considerable margin. For higher energies (>100 GeV/nucleon) the minimum {beta}* may be required to increase as the interaction region triplets saturate. The separator magnets (DX) have the least margin for increased field, so we consider three scenarios: allowing for a small crossing angle with the present DX magnets, upgrading the DX magnets to higher strength, and permitting a crossing angle of {approximately}1{degree} by removing the DX magnets altogether.

MACKAY,W.W.; JAIN,A.; LUCCIO,A.U.; PILAT,F.; ROSER,T.; TEPIKIAN,S.; TROBOJEVIC,D.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Tutorial on Increased Power Flow Guidebook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project developed an annotated presentation of key material from the Increased Power Flow Guidebook that was published by EPRI in 2006. The presentation includes both power point and acrobat files on a CD accompanying the report.

2006-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

262

Cloning humans, increasing intelligence, and AIDS money  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloning humans, increasing intelligence, and AIDS money Name: Eric T Jenes Status: NA Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: How close are we to cloning humans?...

263

Increased Radical Cation Yields: Arenes in DCE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increased Yields of Radical Cations by Arene Addition to Irradiated Increased Yields of Radical Cations by Arene Addition to Irradiated 1,2-Dichloroethane Alison M. Funston and John R. Miller Radiat. Phys. Chem., 72, 601-611 (2005). [Find paper at Elsevier Science Direct] Abstract: Pulse radiolysis in chlorinated hydrocarbon liquids such as 1,2-dichloroethane is a versatile and effective method for the generation of solute radical cations. The addition of a large concentration of toluene or benzene to solutions of 1,2-dichloroethane is found to increase the yield of solute radical cations (G = 0.68 molecules/100 eV in 1,2-dichloroethane (Wang et al., 1979) by a factor of 2.5. The increased yield is found for solutes which have a potential of ~ 1.1 V (vs SCE) or below for the S+·/S couple and is due to reaction of the chlorine

264

Increasing Energy Security | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Increasing Energy Security Increasing Energy Security Increasing Energy Security January 20, 2012 - 4:01pm Addthis Increasing Energy Security Heather Zichal Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change Editor's note: This article is cross-posted from WhiteHouse.gov. There is a lot of discussion lately about domestic energy production and American energy security. For the Obama Administration, moving towards the goal of energy independence has been a clear priority since day one. When President Obama took office, the United States imported 11 million barrels of oil a day. The President has put forward a plan to cut that by one-third by 2025 by strengthening domestic production of our energy resources, making our homes and buildings more efficient, and transitioning to a wide

265

Distillate Prices Increasing With Crude Oil  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 Notes: This slide shows the strong influence crude oil prices have on retail distillate prices. Distillate tracks the crude price increases seen in 1996 and the subsequent fall...

266

Increasing Evapotranspiration from the Conterminous United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent research suggests that evapotranspiration (ET) rates have changed over the past 50 years; however, some studies conclude ET has increased, and others conclude that it has decreased. These studies were indirect, using long-term observations ...

M. Todd Walter; Daniel S. Wilks; J-Yves Parlange; Rebecca L. Schneider

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Suppose that, 0 = ?o increasing ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We see, from the results, a dramatic increase in si ze between ( 5 ) (around 7 thousand) and ( 6 ) (around 11 billion) . I f the growth rate maintains then the size.

268

Rapid increases in electricity demand challenge both ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... on April 1 was the steepest so far this year in SPP. The rate of increase in electricity demand peaked at 12.4% between 6 a.m. and 7 a.m. ...

269

Dietary resveratrol administration increases MnSOD expression and activity in mouse brain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOD protein level (140%) and activity (75%). The increase in MnSOD was not due to a substantial proliferationDietary resveratrol administration increases MnSOD expression and activity in mouse brain Ellen L oxidative stress. In vitro studies have shown an increase in antioxidant enzyme activities following

Stuart, Jeffrey A.

270

Proceedings of the Increased Power Flow Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the proceedings of the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Increased Overhead Transmission Capacity Workshop. The workshop was held on August 13, 2013, at the offices of City Public Service in San Antonio, Texas. Participants included members of the EPRI Increased Overhead Transmission Capacity Task Force. The workshop was a joint effort of two EPRI research projects: (1) Ratings for Overhead Lines, and (2) Impact of High-Temperature Operation of Overhead ...

2013-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

271

Issue 5: Optimizing High Levels of Insulation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Issue 5: Optimizing High Levels of Insulation NREL, Ren Anderson Building America Technical Update Meeting July 25 th , 2012 Issue 5 - How Much Insulation is Too Much? How do we define the cost-effective limit for improvements in enclosure efficiency? Key Factors to Consider: -Cost of savings vs. cost of grid-supplied energy -Cost of efficiency savings vs. cost of savings from renewable generation. -Savings from envelope improvements vs. other efficiency options Context * It is widely believed that code-specified insulation levels also represent cost-effective limits. * However, the cost-effective insulation levels exceed IECC values in many climates. * The homeowner-driven value of modest increases in enclosure performance can create economies of scale that will reduce

272

Making Use of Low-Level Heat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Immense amounts of energy are being thrown away every day in petroleum refineries, chemical plants, and throughout all types of industrial operations. Much of this energy is at temperature levels below 350OF and is typically rejected to the atmosphere through cooling towers and air fin coolers. We will designate this as "low-level heat". Between 20 to 30% of all the energy that enters a plant is lost as low-level heat. In a 100,000 BPD refinery, this is the equivalent of about 2,500 BPD of oil, or 15 billion Btu's per day. If any improvement can be made in the recovery and reuse of this heat, the energy efficiency of our plants would be significantly increased.

Plaster, W. E.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Performance of the CMS Level-1 Trigger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first level trigger of the CMS experiment is comprised of custom electronics that process data from the electromagnetic and hadron calorimeters and three technologies of muon detectors in order to select the most interesting events from LHC collisions, such as those consistent with the production and decay of the Higgs boson. The rate of events selected by this Level-1 trigger must be reduced from the beam crossing frequency to no more than 100 kHz further processing can occur, a major challenge since the LHC instantaneous luminosity has increased by six orders of magnitude since the start of operations to more than 6E33 cm-2s-1 today. The performance of the Level-1 trigger, in terms of rates and efficiencies of the main objects and trigger algorithms, as measured from LHC proton collisions at 7 and 8 TeV center-of-mass energies is presented here.

J. Brooke; on behalf of the CMS Collaboration

2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

274

Performance of the CMS Level-1 Trigger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first level trigger of the CMS experiment is comprised of custom electronics that process data from the electromagnetic and hadron calorimeters and three technologies of muon detectors in order to select the most interesting events from LHC collisions, such as those consistent with the production and decay of the Higgs boson. The rate of events selected by this Level-1 trigger must be reduced from the beam crossing frequency to no more than 100 kHz further processing can occur, a major challenge since the LHC instantaneous luminosity has increased by six orders of magnitude since the start of operations to more than 6E33 cm-2s-1 today. The performance of the Level-1 trigger, in terms of rates and efficiencies of the main objects and trigger algorithms, as measured from LHC proton collisions at 7 and 8 TeV center-of-mass energies is presented here.

Brooke, J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

The Congestion Evil: Perceptions of Traffic Congestion in Boston in the 1890's and 1920's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pace. 39 Given that electric cars could travel eight or tencars, in horse cars or electric cars through the heart ofpeople also perceived the electric cars as more of a safety

Weinstein, Asha E

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Forecasting Prices andForecasting Prices and Congestion forCongestion for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract--In deregulated electricity markets, short-term load forecasting is important for reliable power322 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 25, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2010 Short-Term Load Forecasting presents a similar day-based wavelet neural network method to forecast tomorrow's load. The idea

Tesfatsion, Leigh

277

Galanin Microinjection in the Third Ventricle Increases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: The neuropeptide galanin increases food intake. Chronic ethanol (EtOH) increases the expression of galanin in the hypothalamus. The research presented here examines the effects of microinjection of galanin in the third ventricle on voluntary alcohol intake. Methods: Male Sprague Dawley rats with a cannula in the third ventricle were given access to increasing concentrations of EtOH for 12 hr/day until all acquired a preference for 7 % EtOH over water in a two-bottle choice. Rats then received a microinjection of galanin (0, 1, and 3 nmol) alone or in combination with the galanin antagonist M40 (1 nmol) and with M40 alone to determine the effects on EtOH and water intake. Tests were conducted during both the light and dark periods of a 12:12-hr light-dark cycle with food available ad libitum. As a control for galanin-induced calorie intake, both EtOH and food were measured in a subset of rats during the dark. Results: Microinjections of galanin (1.0 and 3.0 nmol) increased EtOH consumption during both periods of the light-dark cycle. Galanin’s effect on ethanol intake during the light was large relative to the very low intake of food and water during this period. Rats increased their intake of EtOH but not food. Receptor specificity for galanin (3 nmol) was shown by the galanin antagonist M40, which blocked the increase in EtOH intake. M40 alone decreased EtOH intake slightly. Conclusions: These data show that galanin injected in the third ventricle increases EtOH consumption and that the effect can occur during both the light and the dark periods of the diurnal cycle in the presence of food and water. This suggests that galanin may play a role in augmenting voluntary alcohol intake and perhaps the development of alcohol dependence.

Voluntary Ethanol Intake; Michael J. Lewis; Deanne F. Johnson; Daniel Waldman; Sarah F. Leibowitz; Bartley G. Hoebel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Increased Cytotoxicity of Oxidized Flame Soot  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increased Cytotoxicity of Oxidized Flame Soot Increased Cytotoxicity of Oxidized Flame Soot Title Increased Cytotoxicity of Oxidized Flame Soot Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Holder, Amara L., Brietta J. Carter, Regine Goth-Goldstein, Donald Lucas, and Catherine P. Koshland Journal Atmospheric Pollution Research Volume 3 Start Page 25 Issue 1 Pagination 25-31 Date Published 01/2012 Keywords health effects, ozone, soot, toxicity Abstract Combustion-generated particles released into the atmosphere undergo reactions with oxidants, which can change the particles' physiochemical characteristics. In this work, we compare the physical and chemical properties and cellular response of particles fresh from a flame with those oxidized by ozone and nitrogen dioxide. The reaction with ozone and nitrogen dioxide does not significantly modify the physical characteristics of the particles (primary particle size, fractal dimension, and surface area). However, oxidation affects the chemical characteristics of the particles, creating more oxygen and nitrogen containing functional groups, and increases their hydrophilicity. In addition, oxidized soot generates more reactive oxygen species, as measured by the dithiothreitol (DTT) assay. Furthermore, oxidized soot is 1.5-2 times more toxic than soot that was not reacted with ozone, but the inflammatory response, measured by interleukin-8 (IL-8) secretion, is unchanged. These results imply that combustion-generated particles released into the atmosphere will have an increased toxicity on or after high ozone days.

279

Increased demand spurs gas compression industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing demand for natural gas in the last five years has led to dynamic development in the gas compression industry as producers and transmission companies expand operations to supply gas. To handle the increase, for example, transmission companies have been steadily adding new lines to the pipeline infrastructure--3,437 miles in 1995 and an estimated 4,088 miles in 1997. New compression for pipelines has also increased from 212,637 horsepower added in 1989 to an estimated 311,685 horsepower to be added in 1997. Four key trends which influence the gas compression business have developed since the mid 1980s: first, a steady resurgence of demand for natural gas each year; second, a phenomenal number of mergers and buyouts among gas compression companies; third, an alarming drop in average daily gas production per well since 1972; and fourth, high drilling activity in the Gulf of Mexico.

Honea, M. [Weatherford Enterra, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

sea level | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

sea level sea level Dataset Summary Description This dataset, made available by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), shows sea level rise for the period as early as 1834 through 2008 for the following UK sites: Aberdeen, Liverpool, Newlyn, North Shields, and Sheerness. Data is from the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory. Earliest year of available data varies by site, beginning between 1834 and 1916. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released March 12th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords climate change sea level UK Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 1 Excel file: Sea level rise (UK) (xls, 280.6 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment (Does not have "National Statistics" status)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Increasing Efficiency in Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Photoelectrochemical hydrogen production promises to be a renewable, clean, and efficient way of storing the sun's energy for use in hydrogen-powered fuel cells. We use p-type Ga.51In.49P semiconductor (henceforth as GaInP2) to absorb solar energy and produce a photocurrent. When the semiconductor is immersed in water, the photocurrent can break down water into hydrogen and oxygen. However, before the GaInP2 can produce hydrogen and oxygen, the conduction band and the Fermi level of the semiconductor must overlap the water redox potentials. In an unmodified system, the conduction band and Fermi level of GaInP2 do not overlap the water redox potentials. When light shines on the semiconductor, electrons build up on the surface, shifting the bandedges and Fermi level further away from overlap of the water redox potentials. We report on surface treatments with metallated porphyrins and transition metals that suppress bandedge migration and allow bandedge overlap to occur. Coating ruthenium octaethylporphyrin carbonyl (RuOEP CO) on the GaInP2 surface shifted bandedges in the positive direction by 270 mV on average, allowing the bandedges to frequently overlap the water redox potentials. Coating the GaInP2 surface with RuCl3 catalyzed charge transfer from the semiconductor to the water, lessening bandedge migration under light irradiation. Future work will focus on the long-term surface stability of these new treatments and quantitative applications of porphyrins.

Warren, S.; Turner, J.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

" Level: National Data and Regional...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Capability to Switch Coal to Alternative Energy Sources, 2006; " " Level: National Data and Regional Totals;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" "...

283

" Level: National Data and Regional...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; " " Level: National Data and Regional Totals;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;"...

284

" Level: National Data and Regional...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Capability to Switch Coal to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; " " Level: National Data and Regional Totals;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" "...

285

Increased Power Flow Guidebook - Underground Cables  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities must consider a number of factors when evaluating uprating and upgrading options for underground transmission cables. This comprehensive guidebook documents the state-of-science for increasing power flow capacities of underground transmission cables. It provides an overview of underground transmission cable ratings and uprating techniques so that the maximum utilization can be obtained from the existing underground transmission infrastructure.

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Design patterns in FPS levels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Level designers create gameplay through geometry, AI scripting, and item placement. There is little formal understanding of this process, but rather a large body of design lore and rules of thumb. As a result, there is no accepted common language for ... Keywords: design patterns, game design, level design

Kenneth Hullett; Jim Whitehead

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

HEART SMART NUTRITION What Affects Your Cholesterol Levels?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lesson 2 HEART SMART NUTRITION What Affects Your Cholesterol Levels? Several things affect cholesterol level, thus reducing your risk of heart disease. Weight ~ Being overweight tends to increase your cholesterol and is a risk factor for heart disease. Lose weight to help lower low density lipoproteins

288

Increasing CO2 Storage in Oil Recovery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increasing CO Increasing CO 2 Storage in Oil Recovery Kristian Jessen (krisj@pangea.stanford.edu, 650-723-6348) Linda C. Sam-Olibale (chizoba@pangea.stanford.edu, 650-725-0831) Anthony R. Kovscek (kovscek@pangea.stanford.edu, 650-723-1218) Franklin M. Orr, Jr. (fmorr@pangea.stanford.edu, 650-723-2750) Department of Petroleum Engineering, Stanford University 65 Green Earth Sciences Building 367 Panama Street Stanford, CA 94305-2220 Introduction Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) injection has been used as a commercial process for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) since the 1970's. Because the cost of oil recovered is closely linked to the purchase cost of the CO 2 injected, considerable reservoir engineering design effort has gone into reducing the total amount of CO 2 required to recover each barrel of oil. If,

289

Increasing TCP’s initial window  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The initial window MAY be two packets (instead of the current initial window of one packet). For packets of at most 1460 bytes, the initial window MAY be three packets. For packets of at most 1095 bytes, the initial window MAY be four packets. 2 The Burstiness of Current TCP in Slow-Start: cwnd = 1 packet:) send one data packet ( receive one ACK increase cwnd to 2 packets:) send two back-to-back packets ( receive one ACK (a delayed ACK) increase cwnd to 3 packets:) send three back-to-back packets 3 The Burstiness of Current TCP with a Dropped Ack: cwnd = N packets, N packets are in pipe: ( receive one ACK, acking two packets) send two back-to-back packets ( receive one ACK, acking two packets) send two back-to-back packets ONE ACK IS DROPPED IN THE NETWORK

Sally Floyd

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Dynamical overlap fermions with increased topological tunnelling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present two improvements to our previous dynamical overlap HMC algorithm. We introduce a new method of differentiating the eigenvectors of the Kernel operator, which removes an instability in the fermionic force. Secondly, by simulating part of the fermion determinant exactly, without pseudo-fermions, we are able to increase the rate of topological tunnelling by a factor of more than ten, reducing the auto-correlation.

N. Cundy; S. Krieg; T. Lippert; A Schaefer

2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

291

Analysis of Unit-Level Changes in Operations with Increased SPP Wind from EPRI/LCG Balancing Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind power development in the United States is outpacing previous estimates for many regions, particularly those with good wind resources. The pace of wind power deployment may soon outstrip regional capabilities to provide transmission and integration services to achieve the most economic power system operation. Conversely, regions such as the Southeastern United States do not have good wind resources and will have difficulty meeting proposed federal Renewable Portfolio Standards with local supply. There is a growing need to explore innovative solutions for collaborating between regions to achieve the least cost solution for meeting such a renewable energy mandate. The Department of Energy funded the project 'Integrating Midwest Wind Energy into Southeast Electricity Markets' to be led by EPRI in coordination with the main authorities for the regions: SPP, Entergy, TVA, Southern Company and OPC. EPRI utilized several subcontractors for the project including LCG, the developers of the model UPLAN. The study aims to evaluate the operating cost benefits of coordination of scheduling and balancing for Southwest Power Pool (SPP) wind transfers to Southeastern Electric Reliability Council (SERC) Balancing Authorities (BAs). The primary objective of this project is to analyze the benefits of regional cooperation for integrating mid-western wind energy into southeast electricity markets. Scenarios were defined, modeled and investigated to address production variability and uncertainty and the associated balancing of large quantities of wind power in SPP and delivery to energy markets in the southern regions of the SERC. DOE funded Oak Ridge National Laboratory to provide additional support to the project, including a review of results and any side analysis that may provide additional insight. This report is a unit-by-unit analysis of changes in operations due to the different scenarios used in the overall study. It focuses on the change in capacity factors and the number of start-ups required for each unit since those criteria summarize key aspects of plant operations, how often are they called upon and how much do they operate. The primary analysis of the overall project is based on security-constrained unit commitment (SCUC) and economic dispatch (SCED) simulations of the SPP-SERC regions as modeled for the year 2022. The SCUC/SCED models utilized for the project were developed through extensive consultation with the project utility partners, to ensure the various regions and operational practices are represented as best as possible in the model. SPP, Entergy, Oglethorpe Power Company (OPC), Southern Company, and the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) actively participated in the project providing input data for the models and review of simulation results and conclusions. While other SERC utility systems are modeled, the listed SERC utilities were explicitly included as active participants in the project due to the size of their load and relative proximity to SPP for importing wind energy.

Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Hypothesis for increased atmospheric methane input from hydrocarbon seeps on exposed continental shelves during glacial low sea level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.- 2 Sept.1998 '" HYDROGEN PRODUCTION FROM COAL AND COAL BED METHANE, USING BYPRODUCT CO2 FOR ENHANCED METHANE RECOVERY AND SEQUESTERING THE CO2 IN mE COAL BED RH Williams, Center for Energy and Environmental that are poorly endowed with conventional hydrocarbon resources but coal- and coal-bed-methane-rich would

Luyendyk, Bruce

293

Increasing jet entrainment, mixing and spreading  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A free jet of air is disturbed at a frequency that substantially matches natural turbulences in the free jet to increase the entrainment, mixing, and spreading of air by the free jet, for example in a room or other enclosure. The disturbances are created by pulsing the flow of air that creates the free jet at the desired frequency. Such pulsing of the flow of air can be accomplished by sequentially occluding and opening a duct that confines and directs the flow of air, such as by rotating a disk on an axis transverse to the flow of air in the duct. 11 figs.

Farrington, R.B.

1994-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

294

Increasing jet entrainment, mixing and spreading  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A free jet of air is disturbed at a frequency that substantially matches natural turbulences in the free jet to increase the entrainment, mixing, and spreading of air by the free jet, for example in a room or other enclosure. The disturbances are created by pulsing the flow of air that creates the free jet at the desired frequency. Such pulsing of the flow of air can be accomplished by sequentially occluding and opening a duct that confines and directs the flow of air, such as by rotating a disk on an axis transverse to the flow of air in the duct.

Farrington, Robert B. (Wheatridge, CO)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Increasing the Efficiency of Energy Scavengers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, a methodology for designing efficient energy scavengers is proposed. The scavenger consists of a cantilever beam on which piezoelectric films and a mass are mounted. The mass at the tip of the beam is known as the proof mass and the device is called either an energy scavenger or a beam-mass system. The proof mass is a permanent magnet, where in its vicinity attracting permanent magnets are placed. It is shown that when the magnets have appropriate strengths and are placed appropriately, the vibration of the beam-mass system can be amplified, thereby the scavenged energy is increased. Examples are given throughout the paper.

Shahram M. Shahruz

2007-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

296

Instrumented architectural level emulation technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The advent of general purpose emulators as tools for computer architecture research and system development is briefly traced. The concepts of an architectural level emulation and of instrumenting an emulation are introduced. An operational emulation-based ...

Harrison R. Burris

1977-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Company Level Imports Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Company Level Imports Explanatory Notes Company Level Imports Explanatory Notes Notice: Ongoing analysis of imports data to the Energy Information Administration reveals that some imports are not correctly reported on Form EIA-814 "Monthly Imports Report". Contact with the companies provides sufficient information for EIA to include these imports in the data even though they have not provided complete reports on Form EIA-814. Estimates are included in aggregate data, but the estimates are not included in the file of Company-Level Imports. Therefore, summation of volumes for PAD Districts 1-5 from the Company-Level Imports will not equal aggregate import totals. Explanation of Codes Used in Imports Database Files SURVEY_ID EIA-814 Survey Form Number for Collecting Petroleum Import Statistics

298

High-Level Waste Melter Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is faced with a massive cleanup task in resolving the legacy of environmental problems from years of manufacturing nuclear weapons. One of the major activities within this task is the treatment and disposal of the extremely large amount of high-level radioactive (HLW) waste stored at the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington. The current planning for the method of choice for accomplishing this task is to vitrify (glassify) this waste for disposal in a geologic repository. This paper describes the results of the DOE-chartered independent review of alternatives for solidification of Hanford HLW that could achieve major cost reductions with reasonable long-term risks, including recommendations on a path forward for advanced melter and waste form material research and development. The potential for improved cost performance was considered to depend largely on increased waste loading (fewer high-level waste canisters for disposal), higher throughput, or decreased vitrification facility size.

Ahearne, J.; Gentilucci, J.; Pye, L. D.; Weber, T.; Woolley, F.; Machara, N. P.; Gerdes, K.; Cooley, C.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

299

Low Level Heat Recovery Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With today's high fuel prices, energy conservation projects to utilize low level waste heat have become more attractive. Exxon Chemical Company Central Engineering has been developing guidelines and assessing the potential for application of low level heat recovery technology. This paper discusses heat distribution systems, latest developments in absorption refrigeration and organic Rankine cycles, and pressure, minimization possibilities. The relative merits and economics of the various possibilities and some guidelines on when they should be considered will be presented.

O'Brien, W. J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Environmental implications of increased biomass energy use  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study reviews the environmental implications of continued and increased use of biomass for energy to determine what concerns have been and need to be addressed and to establish some guidelines for developing future resources and technologies. Although renewable biomass energy is perceived as environmentally desirable compared with fossil fuels, the environmental impact of increased biomass use needs to be identified and recognized. Industries and utilities evaluating the potential to convert biomass to heat, electricity, and transportation fuels must consider whether the resource is reliable and abundant, and whether biomass production and conversion is environmentally preferred. A broad range of studies and events in the United States were reviewed to assess the inventory of forest, agricultural, and urban biomass fuels; characterize biomass fuel types, their occurrence, and their suitability; describe regulatory and environmental effects on the availability and use of biomass for energy; and identify areas for further study. The following sections address resource, environmental, and policy needs. Several specific actions are recommended for utilities, nonutility power generators, and public agencies.

Miles, T.R. Sr.; Miles, T.R. Jr. (Miles (Thomas R.), Portland, OR (United States))

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Solar energy: some variables influencing increased utilization  

SciTech Connect

The mid 1970s energy crisis encouraged the growth of alternative fuels. Through the late 1970s and 1980s, solar energy was the primary alternative fuel. Federal and state programs encouraged the growth of residential solar installations through the use of tax credits. This dissertation used data from the eleven western states to assess tax credits' influence on residential solar installations. A Spearman's r was used to evaluate the role of tax credits on the percent increase in solar systems from 1980 to 1984. The r/sub s/ was .93. The second portion of the analysis used contingency tables to see if variables other than tax credits influence solar installations; the results showed tax credits + solar radiation and fuel mix are the significant variables. The final chapter looks at municipal solar utilities, tax on excessive energy use, a public/private solar research lab, and building rating system as means to supplement solar energy tax credits.

Born, B.E.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Greenhouse effect, sea level rise, and coastal zone management  

SciTech Connect

Increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide and other gases are expected to warm the earth several degrees in the next century by a mechanism known as the greenhouse effect. Such a warming could cause sea level to rise two to five feet by expanding ocean water, melting mountain glaciers, and perhaps eventually causing polar glaciers to melt and slide into the oceans. A rise in sea level of even three feet could cause substantial erosion of beaches and coastal wetlands, increased flooding, and intrusion of salt water into rivers, bays, and aquifer. Fortunately, many of the adverse consequences can be avoided by taking timely measures in anticipation of sea level rise. Nevertheless, many coastal zone managers are reluctant to take these measures until the prospect of sea level rise becomes more certain. This article examines the implications of future sea level rise and identifies anticipatory measures that may be appropriate today in spite of current uncertainties. 46 references, 4 figures, 1 table.

Titus, J.G.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

A three-level BDDC algorithm for Mortar discretizations  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, a three-level BDDC algorithm is developed for the solutions of large sparse algebraic linear systems arising from the mortar discretization of elliptic boundary value problems. The mortar discretization is considered on geometrically non-conforming subdomain partitions. In two-level BDDC algorithms, the coarse problem needs to be solved exactly. However, its size will increase with the increase of the number of the subdomains. To overcome this limitation, the three-level algorithm solves the coarse problem inexactly while a good rate of convergence is maintained. This is an extension of previous work, the three-level BDDC algorithms for standard finite element discretization. Estimates of the condition numbers are provided for the three-level BDDC method and numerical experiments are also discussed.

Kim, H.; Tu, X.

2007-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

304

Official Certificate List Level(s)* Academic Administrative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Educational Policy Studies EDUU S/295 Certificate in Energy Analysis and Policy at the Graduate Level IESG310&SU101 Certificate in Air Resources Management IESG104 Certificate in American Indian Studies L&SU S/110 Certificate in Archaeology L&SU S/120 Certificate in Asian American Studies L&SU201 Certificate

Sheridan, Jennifer

305

Coal liquefaction process with increased naphtha yields  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved process for liquefying solid carbonaceous materials wherein the solid carbonaceous material is slurried with a suitable solvent and then subjected to liquefaction at elevated temperature and pressure to produce a normally gaseous product, a normally liquid product and a normally solid product. The normally liquid product is further separated into a naphtha boiling range product, a solvent boiling range product and a vacuum gas-oil boiling range product. At least a portion of the solvent boiling-range product and the vacuum gas-oil boiling range product are then combined and passed to a hydrotreater where the mixture is hydrotreated at relatively severe hydrotreating conditions and the liquid product from the hydrotreater then passed to a catalytic cracker. In the catalytic cracker, the hydrotreater effluent is converted partially to a naphtha boiling range product and to a solvent boiling range product. The naphtha boiling range product is added to the naphtha boiling range product from coal liquefaction to thereby significantly increase the production of naphtha boiling range materials. At least a portion of the solvent boiling range product, on the other hand, is separately hydrogenated and used as solvent for the liquefaction. Use of this material as at least a portion of the solvent significantly reduces the amount of saturated materials in said solvent.

Ryan, Daniel F. (Friendswood, TX)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Thailand gas prospects continue to increase  

SciTech Connect

This article describes Thailand's gas surplus that is occurring after years of energy importation. Between 1975 and 1983, energy consumption increased by 76.8%. At the end of 1983, petroleum accounted for 64% of all energy consumed. Demand was met in part by awarding 96,500 sq. miles offshore for petroleum exploration. As a result, Union Oil Thailand is preparing to produce 500 MMcfgd by the end of the year. Thai officials question whether the country can absorb that much gas. Local demand is expected to rise to over 700 MMcfd by 1990. The way to the development of even more offshore gas was opened when Thailand and Malaysia ended a five year dispute and decided to develop an area claimed by both countries together. The disputed area is thought to contain 14 tcfg, about as much as has been found by Union Oil and Texas Pacific so far. The article discusses other companies that have joined the offshore search as well.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Yankee links computing needs, increases productivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Yankee Atomic Electric Company provides design and consultation services to electric utility companies that operate nuclear power plants. This means bringing together the skills and talents of more than 500 people in many disciplines, including computer-aided design, human resources, financial services, and nuclear engineering. The company was facing a problem familiar to many companies in the nuclear industry.Key corporate data and applications resided on UNIX or other types of computer systems, but most users at Yankee had personal computers on their desks. How could Yankee enable the PC users to share the data, applications, and resources of the larger computing environment such as UNIX, while ensuring they could still use their favorite PC applications? The solution was PC-NFS from Sunsoft, of Chelmsford, Mass., which links PCs to UNIX and other systems. The Yankee computing story is an example of computer downsizing-the trend of moving away from mainframe computers in favor of lower-cost, more flexible client/server computing. Today, Yankee Atomic has more than 350 PCs on desktops throughout the company, using PC-NFS, which enables them t;o use the data, applications, disks, and printers of the FUNIX server systems. This new client/server environment has reduced Yankee`s computing costs while increasing its computing power and its ability to respond to customers.

NONE

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Backsurging perforations can increase production rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subjecting formations to a large pressure differential or underbalance is a common means of surging perforations to remove damage and increase flow from oil and gas wells. Underbalanced perforating, a standard industry completion technique, is normally used to obtain the pressure differentials intended to dislodge debris from perforations and flush the surrounding compacted zone. Gradually applied pressure underbalance can be achieved by swabbing or jetting to reduce hydrostatic head. Suddenly applied underbalance is achieved by evacuating the tubing in conjunction with a rupture disc, tubing-conveyed perforating systems or by using a new wireline-set, through-tubing backsurge tool. These techniques, except for the through-tubing method, are often utilized only during later workovers due to the expense and difficulty of achieving an adequate underbalance. Many operators prefer to perforate in balanced or overbalanced pressures conditions. This typically leaves perforations completely or partially plugged with gun debris, mud solids and shattered formation material that has been recompacted. Production logging shows that wells often produce from only 10 to 20% of the total interval apparently because of ineffective, plugged perforations.

Brieger, E.F.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Increased radiation dose at mammography due to prolonged exposure, delayed processing, and increased film darkening  

SciTech Connect

Four single-emulsion films introduced over the past 2 years--Du Pont Microvision, Fuji MiMa, Konica CM, and Eastman Kodak OM--were compared with Eastman Kodak OM SO-177 (Min-RE) film to evaluate their varying effects on mean glandular dose of reciprocity law failure due to prolonged exposure, delayed processing, and increased film darkening as a result of increased radiation exposure to improve penetration of glandular tissue. Exposures over 1.3 seconds led to increased radiation doses of 20%-30%. Delays in processing of 6 hours decreased processing speed by 11%-32% for all films except Du Pont Microvision. Optical density increases of 0.40 required 20%-30% more skin exposure for all five films. Optimal viewing densities were also evaluated and found to be different for each of the five films. Mammographers need to be aware of these differences in mammographic films to achieve maximum contrast at mammography.

Kimme-Smith, C.; Bassett, L.W.; Gold, R.H.; Chow, S. (UCLA Medical Center (USA))

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

LNG imports make strong recovery in 1996; exports increase also  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

LNG imports to the US jumped in 1996 as Algerian base-load plants resumed operations following major revamps. Exports from Alaska to Japan grew by nearly 4% over 1995. Total LNG imports to the US in 1996 were 40.27 bcf compared to 17.92 bcf in 1995, an increase of 124.8%. Algeria supplied 35.32 bcf; Abu Dhabi, 4.95 bcf. About 82.3% of the imported LNG was received at Distrigas Corp.`s terminal north of Boston. The remaining LNG was received at the Pan National terminal in Lake Charles, LA. LNG imports during 1995 fell to such a low level not because of depressed US demand but because of limited supply. The paper discusses LNG-receiving terminals, base-load producers, LNG pricing, and exports.

Swain, E.J. [Swain (Edward J.), Houston, TX (United States)

1998-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

311

High temperature liquid level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A length of metal sheathed metal oxide cable is perforated to permit liquid access to the insulation about a pair of conductors spaced close to one another. Changes in resistance across the conductors will be a function of liquid level, since the wetted insulation will have greater electrical conductivity than that of the dry insulation above the liquid elevation.

Tokarz, Richard D. (West Richland, WA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Levels of parathyroid hormone and calcitonin in serum among atomic bomb survivors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To examines the potential causes of increased levels of calcium in serum with increasing dose of atomic bomb radiation, which was obtained from the previous preliminary analysis, levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcitonin in serum were examined among 1459 subjects in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. A significant effect of radiation on levels of calcium, PTH and calcitonin in serum was found, even after patients with hyperparathyroidism were excluded. The level of calcium in serum increased with radiation dose; this can be explained partly by the increase in the level of PTH with radiation dose. However, the dose effect on calcium remained even after adjustment for PTH, calcitonin and confounding factors such as renal function, serum albumin level and medication. Parathyroid hormone increased initially by 6.8% per gray, but the dose response leveled off after about 1 Gy. The level of calcitonin increased with radiation dose, probably in part due to feedback mechanisms stimulated by the increase in calcium. However, after adjustment for the level of calcium, the increase in the level of calcitonin with dose was still found. Although the etiological mechanisms of the effect of radiation on serum levels of calcium, PTH and calcitonin are unclear, radiation exposure may affect secretion of PTH and calcitonin and regulation of calcium a long time after atomic bomb exposure. 21 refs., 3 figs., 6 tabs.

Fujiwara, Saeko; Yokoyama, Naokata; Sasaki, Hideo; Kodama, Kazunori; Sposto, R.; Shimaoka, Katsutaro [Radiation Effects Research Foundation (Japan); Shiraki, Mastaka [Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Hospital (Japan)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Firm Level Investment in France and the United States: An Exploration of What We Have Learned in Twenty Years  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and that their capital intensity has increased between thethis aggregate level. The capital intensity for firms in the

Hall, Bronwyn H.; Mairesse, Jacques; Mulkay, Benoit

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Creating supply chain visibility : a case study on extending Intel's Unit Level Traceability to customers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an effort to enable supply chain visibility for Intel products, the Customer Unit Level Traceability (ULT) Program was formed to help extend Intel's ULT capability to the customer level. Increased traceability of Intel ...

Kang, Annie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Two-stage approach for the assessment of distributed generation capacity mixture in active distribution networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distribution networks are limited with spare capacities to integrate increased volumes of distributed generation (DG). Network constraints and congestion

D. Jayaweera; S. Islam; S. Neduvelil

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Level-of-Detail Shaders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current graphics hardware can render objects using simple procedural shaders in real-time. However, detailed, highquality shaders will continue to stress the resources of hardware for some time to come. Shaders written for film production and software renderers may stretch to thousands of lines. The difficulty of rendering efficiently is compounded when there is not just one, but a scene full of shaded objects, surpassing the capability of any hardware to render. This problem has many similarities to the rendering of large models, a problem that has inspired extensive research in geometric level-of-detail and geometric simplification. We introduce an analogous process for shading, shader simplification. Starting from an initial detailed shader, shader simplification produces a new shader with extra level-of-detail parameters that control the shader execution. The resulting level-of-detail shader, can automatically adjust its rendered appearance based on measures of distance, size, or importance as well as physical limits such as rendering time budget or texture usage.

Marc Olano; Bob Kuehne

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Grid Reliability Considerations for High Levels of Demand Response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objectives of this white paper are to: (1) consider the unique characteristics of demand response relative to bulk electric system reliability needs and present contributions to system reliability, (2) identify potential bulk electric system reliability impacts of high levels of demand response without appropriate characterization of the resource over time and at increasing penetration levels, and (3) identify research needs to address these impacts so that the potential benefits of DR as system ...

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

318

Long-Term National Impacts of State-Level Policies  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents analysis conducted with the Wind Deployment System Model (WinDS)--a model of capacity expansion in the U.S. electric sector. With 358 regions covering the United States, detailed transmission system representation, and an explicit treatment of wind intermittency and ancillary services, WinDS is uniquely positioned to evaluate the market impacts of specific state-level policies. This paper provides analysis results regarding the impact of existing state-level policies designed to promote wind-capacity expansion, including state portfolio standards, mandates, and tax credits. Our results show the amount of wind deployment due to current state-level incentives as well as examine their lasting impact on the national wind industry. For example, state-level mandates increase industry size and lower costs, which result in wind capacity increases in states without mandates and greater market growth even after the policies expire. Although these policies are enacted by individual states, the cumulative effect must be examined at a national level. Finally, this paper examines the impact on wind-capacity growth by increasing the penalty associated with the state-level renewable portfolio standards (RPS). Our results show national and regional wind energy deployment and generation through 2050.

Blair, N.; Short, W.; Denholm, P.; Heimiller, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

SEMSim: A Distributed Architecture for Multi-scale Traffic Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the fast urbanization of our modern society, transportation systems in cities are facing increasing problems such as congestion, collisions, and high levels of emissions. Researchers have been searching for solutions by investigating better urban ... Keywords: Nanoscopic Traffic Simulation, Parallel and Distributed Simulation

Yadong Xu; Heiko Aydt; Michael Lees

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Flammable gas tank waste level reconciliation for 241-S-111  

SciTech Connect

Fluor Daniel Northwest (FDNW) was authorized to address flammable gas issues by reconciling the unexplained surface level increases in Tank 241-S-111. The trapped gas evaluation document states that Tank S-111 exceeds the 25% of the lower flammable-limit criterion, based on a surface level rise evaluation. The Waste Storage Tank Status and Leak Detection Criteria document, commonly referred to as the Welty Report is the basis for this letter report. The unexplained waste level rises were attributed to the production and retention of gas in the column of waste corresponding to the unaccounted for surface level rise. From 1973 through 1980, the Welty Report tracked Tank S-111 transfers. This surface level increase is from an unknown source or is unaccounted for. Duke Engineering and Services Hanford and Lockheed Martin Hanford Corporation are interested in determining the validity of the unexplained surface level changes reported in the Welty Report based upon other corroborative sources of data. The purpose of this letter report is to assemble detailed surface level and waste addition data from daily tank records, logbooks, and other corroborative data that indicate surface levels, and to reconcile the cumulative unaccounted for surface level changes as shown in the Welty Report from 1973 through 1980. Tank S-111 initially received waste from REDOX in 1952, and after April 1974, primarily received processed waste slurry from the 242-S Evaporator/Crystallizer and transferred supernatant waste to Tank S-102. From the FDNW review and comparisons of the Welty Report versus other daily records for Tank S-111, FDNW determined that the majority of the time, the Welty Report is consistent with daily records. Surface level decreases that occurred following saltwell pumping were identified as unaccounted for decreases in the Welty Report, however they were probably a continued settlement caused by saltwell pumping of the interstitial liquids. Because the flammable/trapped gas issue is linked to the unexplained increase in the surface level, FDNW recommends that all occurrence reports, concerning tank waste level increases or decreases from 1970 through 1980, be reevaluated for acceptability of the evaluation as to the root cause of the occurrence.

Brevick, C.H.; Gaddis, L.A.

1997-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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321

Sea Level Rise in the Twenty First Century: A Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sea level of the world’s oceans has risen over the last century, and its rate of increase is projected to grow during the 21st century with potential adverse consequences. This report, which is based on the recent journal publications and other reports and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (AR4), provides background on the causes of sea level rise and outlines the observed and projected changes in sea level both globally and regionally, with an emphasis on ...

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

322

State-Level Benefits of Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

This report describes benefits attributable to state-level energy efficiency programs. Nationwide, state-level energy efficiency programs have targeted all sectors of the economy and have employed a wide range of methods to promote energy efficiency. Standard residential and industrial programs typically identify between 20 to 30% energy savings in homes and plants, respectively. Over a 20 year period of time, an average state that aggressively pursues even a limited array of energy efficiency programs can potentially reduce total state energy use by as much as 20%. Benefit-cost ratios of effective energy efficiency programs typically exceed 3 to 1 and are much higher when non-energy and macroeconomic benefits are included. Indeed, energy efficiency and associated programs and investments can create significant numbers of new jobs and enhance state tax revenues. Several states have incorporated energy efficiency into their economic development programs. It should also be noted that increasing amounts of venture capital are being invested in the energy sector in general and in specific technologies like solar power in particular. Well-designed energy efficiency programs can be expected to help overcome numerous barriers to the market penetration of energy efficient technologies and accelerate the market penetration of the technologies.

Tonn, Bruce Edward [ORNL

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Flammable gas tank waste level reconcilliation for 241-SX-102  

SciTech Connect

Fluoro Dynel Northwest (FDNW) was authorized to address flammable gas issues by reconciling the unexplained surface level increases in Tank 24 1-S-1 1 1 (S-I 1 1, typical). The trapped gas evaluation document (ref 1) states that Tank SX-102 exceeds the 25% of the lower flammable limit (FL) criterion (ref 2), based on a surface level rise evaluation. The Waste Storage Tank Status and Leak Detection Criteria document, commonly referred to as the ``Wallet Report`` is the basis for this letter report (ref 3). The Wallet Report is also a part of the trapped gas evaluation document criteria. The Wallet Report contains various tank information, including: physical information, status, levels, and dry wells, see Appendix A. The unexplained waste level rises were attributed to the production and retention of gas in the column of waste corresponding to the unacquainted for surface level rise. From 1973 through 1980, the Wallet Report tracked Tank S- 102 transfers and reported a net cumulative change of 19.95 in. This surface level increase is from an unknown source or is unacquainted for. Duke Engineering and Services Hanford (DASH) and Leached Martin Hanford Corporation (LMHC) are interested in determining the validity of the unexplained surface level changes reported in the 0611e Wallet Report based upon other corroborative sources of data. The purpose of this letter report is to assemble detailed surface level and waste addition data from daily tank records, logbooks, and other corroborative data that indicate surface levels, and to reconcile the cumulative unacquainted for surface level changes as shown in the Wallet Report from 1973 through 1980.

Brevick, C.H.; Gaddie, L.A.

1997-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

324

Reevaluation of IEEE and IEC Substation Design, Operations, and Maintenance Standards Considering Increased Fault Currents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ever-increasing demand for utility substations to pass higher and higher levels of throughput power has the consequence of driving up levels of short circuit (SC) currents from 63 kA to as high as 100 kA. Knowing whether substation bus structures and electrical equipment are capable of safely passing these higher levels of currents is a pressing need of substation personnel responsible for design, operation, and maintenance of station assets. This report presents results of a preliminary study ...

2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

325

Challenging beliefs through multi-level participatory modelling in Indonesia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A critical challenge for science in times of increasingly depleted natural resources is how policy and management can be improved to attain a pathway to sustainability. This paper argues that facilitating a learning experience for decision makers by ... Keywords: Agent-based modelling, Indonesia, Multi-level governance, Participatory modelling

Alexander Smajgl

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Exact Approaches to Multi-level Vertical Orderings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the remainder of this paper, we will always consider the following input: Let G = (V,E) with V = ? .... Usually, we would like to center the distinct levels w.r.t. each other, i.e., .... After transforming this, using the above formula for the sum of increasing ..... Table 2 gives the instances' central properties; the graphs are available.

327

Increased Hydrogen Production by Genetic Engineering of Escherichia coli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Escherichia coli is capable of producing hydrogen under anaerobic growth conditions. Formate is converted to hydrogen in the fermenting cell by the formate hydrogenlyase enzyme system. The specific hydrogen yield from glucose was improved by the modification of transcriptional regulators and metabolic enzymes involved in the dissimilation of pyruvate and formate. The engineered E. coli strains ZF1 (DfocA; disrupted in a formate transporter gene) and ZF3 (DnarL; disrupted in a global transcriptional regulator gene) produced 14.9, and 14.4 mmols of hydrogen/mg of dry cell weight, respectively, compared to 9.8 mmols of hydrogen/mg of dry cell weight generated by wild-type E. coli strain W3110. The molar yield of hydrogen for strain ZF3 was 0.96 mols of hydrogen/mol of glucose, compared to 0.54 mols of hydrogen/mol of glucose for the wild-type E. coli strain. The expression of the global transcriptional regulator protein FNR at levels above natural abundance had a synergistic effect on increasing the hydrogen yield in the DfocA genetic background. The modification of global transcriptional regulators to modulate the expression of multiple operons required for the biosynthesis of formate

Zhanmin Fan; Ling Yuan; Ranjini Chatterjee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

High level white noise generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wide band, stable, random noise source with a high and well-defined output power spectral density is provided which may be used for accurate calibration of Johnson Noise Power Thermometers (JNPT) and other applications requiring a stable, wide band, well-defined noise power spectral density. The noise source is based on the fact that the open-circuit thermal noise voltage of a feedback resistor, connecting the output to the input of a special inverting amplifier, is available at the amplifier output from an equivalent low output impedance caused by the feedback mechanism. The noise power spectral density level at the noise source output is equivalent to the density of the open-circuit thermal noise or a 100 ohm resistor at a temperature of approximately 64,000 Kelvins. The noise source has an output power spectral density that is flat to within 0.1% (0.0043 db) in the frequency range of from 1 KHz to 100 KHz which brackets typical passbands of the signal-processing channels of JNPT's. Two embodiments, one of higher accuracy that is suitable for use as a standards instrument and another that is particularly adapted for ambient temperature operation, are illustrated in this application.

Borkowski, Casimer J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Blalock, Theron V. (Knoxville, TN)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Low-Level Waste Branch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enclosed please find five copies of an application for ground water Alternate Concentration Limits (ACLs) for the Shirley Basin mill and tailings site. Pathfinder requests that the NRC amend the above referenced license to incorporate the proposed ACLs. Pathfinder has been endeavoring for over fifteen years to accomplish a ground water restoration at the site with overall favorable results. Of the thirteen constituents assigned ground water protection standards in the license, only two continue to exceed the site standard limits: uranium and thorium-230. While both of these parameters have been dramatically reduced in the ground water over the years, they remain at levels which have become very difficult to further reduce. Additionally, it is noteworthy that over the period of record these two constituents have routinely exceeded the site standards in the designated site background well. This would suggest that the site standards for uranium and thorium-230 originally were set unrealistically low. We have concluded that we have essentially reached the point of ALARA relative to ground water restoration at the Shirley Basin site, prompting this application for ACLs. The enclosed application discusses the attainment of ALARA, presents sound technical justification for the proposed ACLs, and ably demonstrates the minimal public health risk associated with the proposed ACLs.

Mr. Thomas; H. Essig

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Is Increased Low-dose somatic Radiosensitivity Associated with Increased Transgenerational Germline Mutation  

SciTech Connect

Using single-molecule polymerase chain reaction, the frequency of spontaneous and radiation-induced mutation at an expanded simple tandem repeat (ESTR) locus was studied in DNA samples extracted from sperm and bone marrow of Atm knockout (Atm+/–) heterozygous male mice. The frequency of spontaneous mutation in sperm and bone marrow in Atm+/– males did not significantly differ from that in wild-type BALB/c mice. Acute gamma-ray exposure did not affect ESTR mutation frequency in bone marrow and resulted in similar increases in sperm samples taken from Atm+/– and BALB/c males. Taken together, these results suggest that the Atm haploinsufficiency analyzed in our study does not affect spontaneous and radiation-induced ESTR mutation frequency in mice.

Brenner, David J.

2008-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

331

SBA Increases Size Standards for Waste Remediation Services ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Increases Size Standards for Waste Remediation Services & InformationAdmin Support SBA Increases Size Standards for Waste Remediation Services & InformationAdmin Support December...

332

Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase Cooperation to Advance Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase Cooperation to...

333

DOE Issues Funding Opportunity for Innovations to Increase Cybersecuri...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovations to Increase Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems DOE Issues Funding Opportunity for Innovations to Increase Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems February 11,...

334

Department of Energy Finalizes Regulations to Increase Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Energy Finalizes Regulations to Increase Energy Efficiency in New Federal Buildings by 30% Department of Energy Finalizes Regulations to Increase Energy Efficiency in...

335

NERSC Increases System Storage and Security for Users  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increases System Storage and Security for Users NERSC Increases System Storage and Security for Users April 28, 2009 Franklin Upgrades Improve IO Performance Throughout the month...

336

Increase in IO Bandwidth to Enhance Future Understanding of Climate...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increase in IO Bandwidth to Enhance Future Understanding of Climate Change Increase in IO Bandwidth to Enhance Future Understanding of Climate Change August 6, 2009...

337

Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels Secretary of Energy Samuel W....

338

Aerial survey finds no increase in radioactivity for Los Alamos...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Aerial survey finds no increase in radioactivity ... Aerial survey finds no increase in...

339

Federal Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent since 1999; Exceeds Goal Federal Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent since 1999; Exceeds Goal...

340

Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency > Posts by term Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Electric supply additions are not keeping pace with increased ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... potentially leading to increased calls on emergency demand response programs or even rolling blackouts. ...

342

Environmental tobacco smoke and canine urinary cotinine level  

SciTech Connect

Epidemiologic studies of companion animals such as dogs have been established as models for the relationship between exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and cancer risk in humans. While results from these studies are provocative, pet owner report of a dog's ETS exposure has not yet been validated. We have evaluated the relationship between dog owner's report of household smoking by questionnaire and dog's urinary cotinine level. Between January and October 2005, dog owners presenting their pet for non-emergency veterinary care at the Foster Hospital for Small Animals at Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, were asked to complete a 10-page questionnaire measuring exposure to household ETS in the previous 24 h and other factors. A free-catch urine sample was also collected from dogs. Urinary cotinine level was assayed for 63 dogs, including 30 whose owners reported household smoking and 33 unexposed dogs matched on age and month of enrollment. Urinary cotinine level was significantly higher in dogs exposed to household smoking in the 24 h before urine collection compared to unexposed dogs (14.6 ng/ml vs. 7.4 ng/ml; P=0.02). After adjustment for other factors, cotinine level increased linearly with number of cigarettes smoked by all household members (P=0.004). Other canine characteristics including age, body composition and nose length were also associated with cotinine level. Findings from our study suggest that household smoking levels as assessed by questionnaire are significantly associated with canine cotinine levels.

Bertone-Johnson, Elizabeth R. [Department of Public Health, School of Public Health and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States); Department of Clinical Sciences, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA (United States)], E-mail: ebertone@schoolph.umass.edu; Procter-Gray, Elizabeth; Gollenberg, Audra L. [Department of Public Health, School of Public Health and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States); Ryan, Michele B. [Department of Public Health, School of Public Health and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States); Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endoscopy, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Barber, Lisa G. [Department of Clinical Sciences, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA (United States)

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

343

Energy prices: Gasoline price increases in early 1985 interrupted previous trend  

SciTech Connect

In 1985, wholesale gasoline prices did not continue the downward trend begun in 1981 despite a continuing decline in crude oil prices. As a result, the spread between these two prices increased in 1985, but only to a level approximating what existed in 1981 and 1982. The Federal Trade Commission investigated two proposed mergers between Texaco, Inc., with Getty Oil Company and Chevron Corporation with Gulf Corporation that had the potential for anticompetitive effects. Using a regression analysis, GAO suggests that increases in concentration at the state level have a positive association with gasoline prices. Because the required divestitures eliminated the increases in concentration exceeding the merger guidelines, GAO believes the two mergers would have had only a small effect on prices.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Factors influencing county level household fuelwood use  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study explains household fuelwood consumption behavior at the county level by linking it to economic and demographic conditions in counties. Using this link, counties are identified where potential fuelwood use problems and benefits are greatest. A probit equation estimates household probability of wood use (percent woodburners in a county heating degree days, household income, nonwood fuel price, fuelwood price, percent forest land, population density, and fraction of households using various types of heating equipment. A linear-in-parameters equation estimates average wood consumed by a woodburner based on county heating degree days, household income, percent forest land, and price of nonwood fuel divided by fuelwood price. Parameters are estimated using fuelwood use data for individual households from a 1908-81 nationwide survey. The probit equation predicts percentage of wood burns well over a wide range of county conditions. The wood consumption equation overpredicts for counties with high income and high population density (over 6000 persons per square mile). The model shows average woodburning per household over all households decreases with increasing population density, and the influence of county economic characteristics varies with density.

Skog, K.E.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

The High Level Vibration Test Program  

SciTech Connect

As part of cooperative agreements between the United States and Japan, tests have been performed on the seismic vibration table at the Tadotsu Engineering Laboratory of Nuclear Power Engineering Test Center (NUPEC) in Japan. The objective of the test program was to use the NUPEC vibration table to drive large diameter nuclear power piping to substantial plastic strain with an earthquake excitation and to compare the results with state-of-the-art analysis of the problem. The test model was designed by modifying the 1/2.5 scale model of the PWR primary coolant loop. Elastic and inelastic seismic response behavior of the test model was measured in a number of test runs with an increasing excitation input level up to the limit of the vibration table. In the maximum input condition, large dynamic plastic strains were obtained in the piping. Crack initiation was detected following the second maximum excitation run. The test model was subjected to a maximum acceleration well beyond what nuclear power plants are designed to withstand. This paper describes the overall plan, input motion development, test procedure, test results and comparisons with pre-test analysis. 4 refs., 16 figs., 2 tabs.

Hofmayer, C.H.; Curreri, J.R.; Park, Y.J.; Kato, W.Y. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA)); Kawakami, S. (Nuclear Power Engineering Test Center, Tokyo (Japan))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Fermilab Tevatron high level rf accelerating systems  

SciTech Connect

Eight tuned rf cavities have been installed and operated in the F0 straight section of the Tevatron. Their mechanical placement along the beam line enables them to be operated for colliding beams as two independent groups of four cavities, group 1-4 accelerating antiprotons and group 5-8 accelerating protons. The only difference is that the spacing between cavities 4 and 5 was increased to stay clear of the F0 colliding point. The cavities can easily be rephased by switching cables in a low-level distribution system (fan-out) so that the full accelerating capability of all eight cavities can be used during fixed target operations. Likewise, the cables from capacitive probes on each cavity gap can be switched to proper lengths and summed in a fan-back system to give an rf signal representing the amplitude and phase as ''seen by the beam,'' separately for protons and antiprotons. Such signals have been used to phase lock the Tevatron to the Main Ring for synchronous transfer.

Kerns, Q.; Kerns, C.; Miller, H.; Tawser, S.; Reid, J.; Webber, R.; Wildman, D.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Effect of Ventilation Strategies on Residential Ozone Levels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effect of Ventilation Strategies on Residential Ozone Levels Effect of Ventilation Strategies on Residential Ozone Levels Title Effect of Ventilation Strategies on Residential Ozone Levels Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-5889E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Walker, Iain S., and Max H. Sherman Journal Building and Environment Volume 59 Start Page 456 Pagination 456-465 Date Published 01/2013 Keywords ashrae standard 62,2, filtration, infiltration, mechanical ventilation, ozone, simulation Abstract Elevated outdoor ozone levels are associated with adverse health effects. Because people spend the vast majority of their time indoors, reduction in indoor levels of ozone of outdoor origin would lower population exposures and might also lead to a reduction in ozone---associated adverse health effects. In most buildings, indoor ozone levels are diminished with respect to outdoor levels to an extent that depends on surface reactions and on the degree to which ozone penetrates the building envelope. Ozone enters buildings from outdoors together with the airflows that are driven by natural and mechanical means, including deliberate ventilation used to reduce concentrations of indoor---generated pollutants. When assessing the effect of deliberate ventilation on occupant health one should consider not only the positive effects on removing pollutants of indoor origin but also the possibility that enhanced ventilation might increase indoor levels of pollutants originating outdoors. This study considers how changes in residential ventilation that are designed to comply with ASHRAE Standard 62.2 might influence indoor levels of ozone. Simulation results show that the building envelope can contribute significantly to filtration of ozone. Consequently, the use of exhaust ventilation systems is predicted to produce lower indoor ozone concentrations than would occur with balanced ventilation systems operating at the same air---exchange rate. We also investigated a strategy for reducing exposure to ozone that would deliberately reduce ventilation rates during times of high outdoor ozone concentration while still meeting daily average ventilation requirements.

348

Are Corn Trend Yields Increasing at a Faster Rate?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crop yields are affected by a complex combination of factors, such as weather, seed genetics, and producer-level management techniques. Despite this

Mike Tannura; Scott Irwin; Darrel Good

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Microsoft Word - CERTIFICATION LEVEL REQUIREMENTS.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CERTIFICATION LEVEL CERTIFICATION LEVEL The CEG is intended to provide program secretarial officers and field element managers (including operations offices, site offices, area offices, project offices, and service centers) with the requirements and guidelines for evaluating PMCDP candidate competencies and requests for equivalencies at all four certification levels and continuing education. Persons planning to be certified under the PMCDP may attain certification levels with the following total project cost (TPC) limits: * Certification Level 4: TPC exceeding $400 million (M) * Certification Level 3: TPC greater than $100M and equal to or less than $400M * Certification Level 2: TPC greater than $20M and equal to or less than $100M * Certification Level 1: TPC greater than $5M and equal to or less than $20M

350

Vibrational and Electronic Energy Level Searches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... options based on vibrational and electronic energies are available: ... the tabulated vibrational and electronic energy level data ... All rights reserved. ...

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

351

Wavelengths, Transition Probabilities, and Energy Levels for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Energy level values, with designations and uncertainties, have ... In addition, ground states, ionization energies, and hyperfine ... All rights reserved. ...

2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

352

NIST - Atomic Energy Levels and Spectra Bibliographic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in this database are from Bibliography on Atomic Energy Levels and ... references to atomic transition probabilities, line intensities, or broadening. ...

353

Energy Levels of Neutral Uranium ( U I )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Data, Uranium (U) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. ... Version Energy Levels of Neutral Uranium ( U I ). ...

354

Wavelengths, Transition Probabilities, and Energy Levels for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Wavelengths, Transition Probabilities, and Energy Levels for the Spectra of Sodium „Na I–Na XI… JE Sansonettia ...

2012-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

355

An indicator energy of two close levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we introduce a concept of an indicator energy of two close levels in the perturbation.

Alexander V. Shamanin

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

356

Energy Levels of Neutral Thorium ( Th I )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Data, Thorium (Th) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. ... Version Energy Levels of Neutral Thorium ( Th I ). ...

357

Utah Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Million Barrels) Utah Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

358

Utah Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Utah Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

359

Utah Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Utah Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

360

Utah Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Million Barrels) Utah Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Miscellaneous States Shale Gas Proved Reserves Revision Increases...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Miscellaneous States Shale Gas Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

362

California Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) California Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

363

Ohio Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Ohio Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

364

U.S. Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Revision Increases ...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Increases (Million Barrels) U.S. Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

365

San Antonio spurs increase in solar energy production | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

San Antonio spurs increase in solar energy production San Antonio spurs increase in solar energy production January 13, 2010 - 4:54pm Addthis San Antonio is using these unique...

366

Energetics Responses to Increases in Greenhouse Gas Concentration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing greenhouse gas concentrations warm the troposphere. However, it is not clear whether this implies changes in the energetics. To study the energetics responses to CO2 increases, changes in the Lorenz energy cycle (LEC) are evaluated ...

Daniel Hernández-Deckers; Jin-Song von Storch

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Computational Challenges and Analysis under Increasingly Dynamic and Uncertain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational Challenges and Analysis under Increasingly Dynamic and Uncertain Electric Power Empowering Minds to Engineer the Future Electric Energy System #12;Thrust Area 5 White Paper Computational Challenges and Analysis Under Increasingly Dynamic and Uncertain Electric Power System Conditions Project

368

Michigan Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Michigan Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

369

U.S. Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) U.S. Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) U.S. Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)...

370

U.S. Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) U.S. Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

371

Audit of Department of Energy's Contractor Salary Increase Funds...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy's Contractor Salary Increase Funds, CR-B-97-02 Audit of Department of Energy's Contractor Salary Increase Funds, CR-B-97-02 cr-b-97-02.pdf More Documents &...

372

U.S. Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Increases (Million Barrels) U.S. Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

373

New Mexico - West Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico - West Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

374

New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

375

New Mexico - East Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico - East Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

376

Texas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Texas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

377

A switch level fault simulation environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a fault simulation environment which accepts pure switch level or mixed switch/RT level descriptions of the design under test. Switch level fault injection strategies for the stuck-at, transition and logic bridge models are presented. ...

V. Krishnaswamy; J. Casas; T. Tetzlaff

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

From here to human-level AI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Human-level AI will be achieved, but new ideas are almost certainly needed, so a date cannot be reliably predicted-maybe five years, maybe five hundred years. I'd be inclined to bet on this 21st century. It is not surprising that human-level AI has proved ... Keywords: Elaboration tolerance, Human-level AI

John McCarthy

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Designing ontologies for higher level fusion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of higher level fusion is to produce contextual understanding of the states of the environment and prediction of their impact in relation to specific goals of decision makers. One of the main challenges of designing higher level fusion processes ... Keywords: Basic formal ontology (BFO), Higher level fusion, Mereotopology, Ontology, Postdisaster environment, Relations

Eric G. Little; Galina L. Rogova

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Low-level radioactive waste regulation: Science, politics and fear  

SciTech Connect

An inevitable consequence of the use of radioactive materials is the generation of radioactive wastes and the public policy debate over how they will be managed. In 1980, Congress shifted responsibility for the disposal of low-level radioactive wastes from the federal government to the states. This act represented a sharp departure from more than 30 years of virtually absolute federal control over radioactive materials. Though this plan had the enthusiastic support of the states in 1980, it now appears to have been at best a chimera. Radioactive waste management has become an increasingly complicated and controversial issue for society in recent years. This book discusses only low-level wastes, however, because Congress decided for political reasons to treat them differently than high-level wastes. The book is based in part on three symposia sponsored by the division of Chemistry and the Law of the American Chemical Society. Each chapter is derived in full or in part from presentations made at these meetings, and includes: (1) Low-level radioactive wastes in the nuclear power industry; (2) Low-level radiation cancer risk assessment and government regulation to protect public health; and (3) Low-level radioactive waste: can new disposal sites be found.

Burns, M.E. (ed.)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Microsoft Word - preparation_of_2012_congestion_study_Audubon...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the east. This transparency has yielded important lessons about current transmission planning practices, about the areas where inconsistencies across planning authorities are...

382

Congestion Pricing under Operational, Supply-Side Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of public-private partner- ships. To support the process of determining appropriate prices, a large amount

Kockelman, Kara M.

383

Commuting, Congestion and Pollution: The Employer-Paid Parking Connection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transportation marketto raise marketprices to reflect social cost.social cost. Ceasingan inappropriate intervention in the transportation

Shoup, Donald C.; Willson, Richard W.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

A Congestion Management Aflocation Mechanism for Multiple Transaction Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Author Affiliation: ABB Energy Information Systems; University of Illinois at Urbana at Champaign Number: PE-538PRS (02-2002) Discussion Deadline: July 2002 Gaming the Uniform-Price Spot Market: Quantitative Analysis Bialek, J.W Author Afflliation: University of Durham. Abstract: A range of indexes have

Gross, George

385

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2006 Eastern Interconnection Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum To: Poonum Agrawal, David Meyer, U.S. Department of Energy CRA No. D08554-00 From: Prashant Murti, Alex Rudkevich, CRA International Date: Finalized March 13, 2006 Subject: GE MAPS INPUT ASSUMPTIONS: EASTERN INTERCONNECT This memorandum summarizes salient inputs to the CRA locational price forecasting model (GE MAPS). The model geographic footprint encompasses the US portion of the Eastern Interconnect and the Canadian province of Ontario. The analyses simulate the years 2008 and 2011. Primary data sources for the CRA GE MAPS model include the NERC MMWG, the General Electric generation and transmission databases for the Eastern Interconnect, various publications by NERC regions and Independent System Operators, FERC submissions by generation and transmission owners,

386

Electricity transmission congestion costs: A review of recent reports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transmission Grid Study. FERC (Federal Energy RegulatoryLuong and Udi Helman (FERC), Frances Wood (Onlocation),ii Acronyms CAISO CRR DOE ECP FERC FTR ISO ISO-NE LMP MW MWh

Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Eto, Joseph H.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Transmission Pricing and Congestion Management: Efficiency, Simplicity and Open Access  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the transmission grid is the essential centerpiece for a competitive electricity market. Order 888 and Order 889 for the electric power industry restructuring. These orders provide guidelines for nondiscriminatory transmission functions of the ISO. In an open access, competitive electricity system a transmission pricing scheme should

Oren, Shmuel S.

388

Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy Modeling System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

22 3.4 No Coal25 3.4.1 Coal Supply Regions and Electricity Market24 Figure 3-14 Economic Transmission in No Coal

Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standard for digital optical transmission (bit pipe) q Developed originally by Bellcore. Standardized Overhead 90 Columns Synchronous Payload Envelope 9 Rows Line Overhead 6 Rows #12;Raj JainThe Ohio State Overhead 3 Rows Path Overhead 270 Columns Synchronous Payload Envelope 9 Rows Line Overhead 6 Rows #12;Raj

390

Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy Modeling System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Validating LBNL-NEMS Electricity Prices and Loads A directB. Appendix C. Validating NEMS Electricity Prices andcan lead to lower electricity prices and less frequent power

Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

NPCC emphasizes that the DOE 2012 congestion analysis should...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

analysis should consider the northeast as a whole, not only modeling those transmission, demand response, and generating resource projects in the United States, but also those...

392

Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy Modeling System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity region 13, California, for example, can build coal plants in coal region 12 Rocky Mountain (Utah/Colorado)

Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Microsoft Word - Transcript_Pre-2009 Congestion Study_Oklahoma...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

concern about, sort of, disparities between the technical availability, the physical availability of transmission, and some of that transmission capacity may not be available...

394

Microsoft Word - NPCC Remarks at the 2009 DOE Congestion Study...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Maine and New Brunswick this past winter, last summer's New Jersey to Long Island HVDC cable addition, along with the completion of other transmission upgrades in New England...

395

20120131 DOE Congestion Study Clean Line Comments 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Line is an independent developer of four long-haul, high voltage direct current ("HVDC") transmission lines across the United States. Clean Line focuses exclusively on connecting...

396

Electricity transmission congestion costs: A review of recent reports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in wholesale electricity trade, and enable consumers to seekelectricity markets rely on offer-based, centralized, wholesale tradeas reported in the trade press. These electricity hub prices

Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Eto, Joseph H.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy Modeling System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3-1 Reference Case Interregional Economic Electricity Tradetime. Gross domestic electricity trade is reduced from 222of interregional electricity trade, for the purposes of this

Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Building Adaptive Applications: On the Need for Congestion Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Perkins,C.S. Invited paper presented at the 17th SPIE/IS&T International Symposium on Electonic Imaging, San Jose, CA, USA SPIE

Perkins, C.S.; Invited paper presented at the 17th SPIE/IS&T International Symposium on Electonic Imaging, San Jose, CA, USA SPIE [More Details

399

Figliozzi 1 The Impacts of Congestion on Commercial Vehicle Tours  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the number and characteristics of the feasible set of tours that carriers can use to meet customer demand length of the tours needed to serve customersn n : the number of stops or customers m : the number is that routes are balanced, i.e. routes have a similar number of customers (Daganzo, 1984, Daganzo, 1991

Bertini, Robert L.

400

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Notice of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

No. 183 - Sep. 19, 2008 Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-362 Champlain Hudson - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement: Federal Register...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Electricity transmission congestion costs: A review of recent reports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market Report: New York Electricity Markets. April. PJM (PJM Interconnection, LLC).2002. PJM Interconnection State of the Market Report 2001.

Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Eto, Joseph H.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Electricity transmission congestion costs: A review of recent reports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Making Competition Work in Electricity. John Wiley and Sons.Report on the New York Electricity Markets. June. Patton,Market Report: New York Electricity Markets. April. PJM (PJM

Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Eto, Joseph H.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy Modeling System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Reference Case Overall Transmission Lines Usage in 2025a load center via a DC transmission line such that flows onand interregional transmission lines are built which make up

Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy Modeling System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abbreviations AEO DOE ECAR ECP EERE EFD EIA EMM ERCOT FERCBudget and Analysis Program of EERE Rocky Mountain, Arizona,Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Program supports many

Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Microsoft Word - Transcript_Pre-2009 Congestion Study_Hartford...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

And since 2005, if you like, or if you wanted to go back further in time and talk about trends, maybe since 2002 up through 2007. And, finally, are there particular areas that...

406

Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy Modeling System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rocky Mtn Ariz NM (12) Combined Cycle built in SERC (9) Theincludes all out of region combined cycle generation that iscombined with the traditional grid. • Remove the bias towards gas fired combine cycle

Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Clean air. Safe, congestion-free highways and transit systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. #12;55 Sustainable Transportation Program High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) HFIR is one of the world's most powerful research reactors. HTML manages a beam- line at HFIR dedicated to the determination

408

What We've Learned About Highway Congestion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

delay. Second, if a ramp metering policy holds back incomingwill be avoided altogether. Call such a ramp-metering policyan Ideal Metering Policy or IMP. Although IMP may impose

Varaiya, Pravin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy Modeling System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marginal Prices in 2025, by Groupment Coal Supply Regionsmarginal prices by groupment for the No CaFl Coal Case andhigher prices throughout the Western regions when new coal

Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

RealTime distributed congestion control for electrical vehicle charging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The significant load and unpredictable mobility of electric vehicles (EVs) makes them a challenge for grid distribution systems. Unlike most current approaches to control EV charging, which construct optimal charging schedules by predicting EV state ...

O. Ardakanian; C. Rosenberg; S. Keshav

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Microsoft Word - Transcript_Pre-2009 Congestion Study_Atlanta...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

clearly, natural gas prices have driven a lot of fuel cost pass-throughs in our state but weather solar it is an option in the South still remains to be seen regardless of the T....

412

Equity Effects of Increasing-Block Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing-Block Residential Electricity Rates in CaliforniaResidential Demand for Electricity under Inverted Block Rates:

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Increased power production through enhancements to the Organic ...  

beyond conventional fossil fuels will become inevitably necessary in order to meet increasing global energy demands. Ef?cient and

414

EA-1044: Melton Valley Storage Tanks Capacity Increase Project- Oak Ridge  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

44: Melton Valley Storage Tanks Capacity Increase Project- Oak 44: Melton Valley Storage Tanks Capacity Increase Project- Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee EA-1044: Melton Valley Storage Tanks Capacity Increase Project- Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to construct and maintain additional storage capacity at the U.S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, for liquid low-level radioactive waste. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD May 25, 1995 EA-1044: Finding of No Significant Impact Melton Valley Storage Tanks Capacity Increase Project- Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee May 25, 1995 EA-1044: Final Environmental Assessment

415

January 2008 RFP Fixed Price Unit Contingent Products Results of Evaluation LPSC Staff Update February 11, 2008  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pre-Congestion Study Regional Workshop for the Pre-Congestion Study Regional Workshop for the 2012 National Electric Congestion Study Entergy System December 8, 2011 2 DOE 2009 Congestion Study DOE Study notes that: - Several load pockets exist on the Entergy system-Acadiana, Amite South, WOTAB (West of the Atchafalaya Basin). - McAdams flowgate (the interface between Entergy and TVA) is congested. - There is limited transfer capability in the Ozarks between Entergy and SPP. - ICT is studying the need for upgrades. DOE Study has no cost data regarding the cost of congestion in the Entergy area. 3 Congestion Was and Continues to Be Addressed Areas of congestion are continually identified through: - Entergy analysis of TLRs and operational issues. - ICT ISTEP Process - Customer Input In 2011, unusual events increased number of TLRs (i.e., TLRs

416

Observation of inverted population levels in the FM-1 Spherator  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Inversions in the populations of excited levels in hydrogen and HeII were observed in the FM-1 Spherator. The inversion increases strongly as the ratio of the decay time of the electron temperature to the decay time of the electron density was decreased. Time dependent numerical calculations of the populations were in good agreement with the experimental measurements. More general calculations for high Z hydrogen-like ions are discussed.

Suckewer, S.; Hawryluk, R. J.; Okabayashi, M.; Schmidt, J. A.

1976-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Weight Restriction Increase for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Weight Restriction Weight Restriction Increase for Natural Gas Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Weight Restriction Increase for Natural Gas Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Weight Restriction Increase for Natural Gas Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Weight Restriction Increase for Natural Gas Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Weight Restriction Increase for Natural Gas Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Weight Restriction Increase for Natural Gas Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Weight Restriction Increase for Natural Gas Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

418

CIM Equipment List (by Level of Reservation Access) LEVEL 1. General Inventory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CIM Equipment List (by Level of Reservation Access) LEVEL 1. General Inventory All CIM Adapter (5) Glidetrack DSLR slider (1) AVC Analog-Digital Converter (1) LEVEL 2. Advanced Inventory CIM

Schaefer, Marcus

419

Estimating retained gas volumes in the Hanford tanks using waste level measurements  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford site is home to 177 large, underground nuclear waste storage tanks. Safety and environmental concerns surround these tanks and their contents. One such concern is the propensity for the waste in these tanks to generate and trap flammable gases. This report focuses on understanding and improving the quality of retained gas volume estimates derived from tank waste level measurements. While direct measurements of gas volume are available for a small number of the Hanford tanks, the increasingly wide availability of tank waste level measurements provides an opportunity for less expensive (than direct gas volume measurement) assessment of gas hazard for the Hanford tanks. Retained gas in the tank waste is inferred from level measurements -- either long-term increase in the tank waste level, or fluctuations in tank waste level with atmospheric pressure changes. This report concentrates on the latter phenomena. As atmospheric pressure increases, the pressure on the gas in the tank waste increases, resulting in a level decrease (as long as the tank waste is {open_quotes}soft{close_quotes} enough). Tanks with waste levels exhibiting fluctuations inversely correlated with atmospheric pressure fluctuations were catalogued in an earlier study. Additionally, models incorporating ideal-gas law behavior and waste material properties have been proposed. These models explicitly relate the retained gas volume in the tank with the magnitude of the waste level fluctuations, dL/dP. This report describes how these models compare with the tank waste level measurements.

Whitney, P.D.; Chen, G.; Gauglitz, P.A.; Meyer, P.A.; Miller, N.E.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Economic Benefits of Increasing Electric Grid Resilience to Weather Outages  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economic Benefits of Increasing Electric Grid Resilience to Weather Economic Benefits of Increasing Electric Grid Resilience to Weather Outages Economic Benefits of Increasing Electric Grid Resilience to Weather Outages In June 2011, President Obama released A Policy Framework for the 21st Century Grid which set out a four-pillared strategy for modernizing the electric grid. The initiative directed billions of dollars toward investments in 21st century smart grid technologies focused at increasing the grid's efficiency, reliability, and resilience, and making it less vulnerable to weather-related outages and reducing the time it takes to restore power after an outage occurs. Grid resilience is increasingly important as climate change increases the frequency and intensity of severe weather. Greenhouse gas emissions are elevating air and water temperatures around the world. Scientific research

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

DOE Issues Funding Opportunity for Innovations to Increase Cybersecurity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Issues Funding Opportunity for Innovations to Increase Issues Funding Opportunity for Innovations to Increase Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems DOE Issues Funding Opportunity for Innovations to Increase Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems February 11, 2013 - 10:53am Addthis The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability issued a new Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA), Innovation for Increasing Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems, on February 8. The announcement is seeking applications to conduct research, development and demonstrations leading to next generation tools and technologies that will become widely adopted to enhance and accelerate deployment of cybersecurity capabilities for the U.S energy infrastructure, including cyber secure integration of smart grid technologies.

422

Factors Associated with Increasing Teacher Retention in Rural Schools.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper seeks to identify school-based factors associated with increasing teacher retention in rural public schools. Though there is a large body of research that… (more)

Rutenberg, David

423

ORNL DAAC, Effects of Increased Carbon Dioxide, Dec. 11, 2002  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increased Carbon Dioxide on Vegetation The ORNL DAAC announces the release of a data set entitled "Effects of Elevated Carbon Dioxide on Litter Chemistry and Decomposition." The...

424

KIVA: Increases engine efficiency while improving fuel economy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in automotive catalytic converters Design of fire suppression systems Pulsed detonation propulsion systems design Benefits: Increases engine efficiency while reducing harmful...

425

Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase Cooperation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase Cooperation to Advance Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase Cooperation to Advance Global Nuclear Energy Partnership July 17, 2007 - 2:55pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) expanded cooperation for President Bush's Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) through a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) that was signed on Friday by DOE's GNEP Deputy Program Manager Paul Lisowski and NRC Executive Director for Operations Luis Reyes. The MOU establishes the foundation for increased cooperation between DOE and NRC on technological research and engineering studies and marks another important milestone

426

President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium | National  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium | National Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium October 09, 1950

427

Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency Home > Features > Groups Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Content type Blog entry Discussion Document Event Poll Question...

428

President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

content Facebook Flickr RSS Twitter YouTube President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the...

429

Changing World Product Markets and Potential Refining Capacity Increases  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The presentation explores potential refinery capacity increases over the next 5 years in various world regions, based on changing demand patterns, changing price incentives, and capacity expansion announcements.

Information Center

2006-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

430

Department of Energy Finalizes Regulations to Increase Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Order (EO 13423), announced earlier this year, which directed federal agencies to reduce energy intensity and greenhouse gas emissions; substantially increase use and efficiency...

431

Maximizing the Productive Uses of Electricity to Increase the...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maximizing the Productive Uses of Electricity to Increase the Impact of Rural Electrification Programs Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Maximizing the Productive Uses...

432

Energy Crops Engineered for Increased Sugar Extraction through ...  

Energy Crops Engineered for Increased Sugar Extraction through Inhibition of snl6 Expression Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Contact LBL About This ...

433

Global cooling: increasing world-wide urban albedos to offset...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In addition, increasing urban albedo can result in less absorption of incoming solar radiation by the surface-troposphere system, countering to some extent the global scale...

434

Increasing Use of Secondary Materials in Production Planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are several barriers to increased use of secondary materials, particularly in metal systems, that can be addressed through innovative production ...

435

President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy...

436

OSTP Directs Federal Agencies to Increase Public Access to Scientific...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

OSTP Directs Federal Agencies to Increase Public Access to Scientific Publications open book The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) has issued a major...

437

Equity Effects of Increasing-Block Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of increasing-block electricity rate schedules in the Unitedfrom the analysis of electricity rates, this approach toBlock Residential Electricity Rates in California The

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

,"U.S. Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release...

439

Increasing wind capacity requires new approaches to electricity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electric power generation from wind is increasing rapidly in the United States. Wind power is attractive for its lack of emissions and low operating costs, but its ...

440

Increased Energy Efficiency and Reduced HF Emissions with New ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Increased Energy Efficiency and Reduced HF Emissions with New Heat Exchanger. Author(s), Anders Kenneth Sorhuus, Geir Wedde, Ketil A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Uprates can increase U.S. nuclear capacity substantially without ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The electrical output of the nuclear power plant fleet can be increased either by constructing new plants or by 'uprating' operating plants.

442

Increased cycling efficiency and rate capability of copper-coated...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cycling efficiency and rate capability of copper-coated silicon anodes in lithium-ion batteries Title Increased cycling efficiency and rate capability of copper-coated silicon...

443

ARTICLE: Abradable Coatings Increase Gas Turbine Engine Efficiency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 11, 2007 ... Topic Title: ARTICLE: Abradable Coatings Increase Gas Turbine Engine Efficiency Topic Summary: F. Ghasripoor et. al. article from Materials ...

444

Staging laser plasma accelerators for increased beam energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Staging Laser Plasma Accelerators for Increased Beam Energy94720, USA Abstract. Staging laser plasma accelerators is anefficient way of mitigating laser pump depletion in laser

Panasenko, Dmitriy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

,"U.S. Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release...

446

Study on Aluminum Foam with Fly Ash Increase Viscosity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 1, 2007 ... Study on Aluminum Foam with Fly Ash Increase Viscosity by Yong Wang, Guang- chun Yao, and Bing Li. Publisher: TMS. Product Format: PDF.

447

"Increasing Solar Panel Efficiency And Reliability By Evaporative...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increasing Solar Panel Efficiency And Reliability By Evaporative Cooling" Inventors..--.. Lewis Meixler, Charles Gentile, Patricia Hillyer, Dylan Carpe, Jason Wang, Caroline Brooks...

448

Method to Increase Stabilization Rate of Lignin for Carbon ...  

Method to Increase Stabilization Rate of Lignin for Carbon Fiber Production Note: The technology described above is an early stage opportunity.

449

Overview: The Increasing Importance and Capabilities of Biomass...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IB IN DEPTH-Special Section on Advances in Biomass Characterization Technology brian h. davison, guest editor Overview: The Increasing Importance and Capabilities of Biomass...

450

Increase energy efficiency in systems and buildings and improve...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increase energy efficiency in systems and buildings and improve indoor environment: How to validate comfort and energy reduction Speaker(s): Wouter Borsboom Date: December 8, 2009...

451

,"California Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2011...

452

DOE Announces $14 Million Industry Partnership Projects to Increase...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Administration Other Agencies You are here Home DOE Announces 14 Million Industry Partnership Projects to Increase Fuel Efficiency DOE Announces 14 Million Industry...

453

This year's gasoline price increase not unusual - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... and trends. FAQs ... although in some years, including this year, the price increase ... Over the past 20 years, the average period of rising prices in the ...

454

Increases in oil prices affect broader measures of inflation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Over the past ten years, the Chained Consumer Price Index (C-CPI-U) ... oil price increases boost freight transportation costs—for example, ...

455

Industrial sector drives increase in North Dakota electricity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Increased oil and natural gas production in North Dakota has driven the state's growth in industrial demand for electricity. Rising economic activity and population ...

456

Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from China's Cement Kilns: Audit Report of Two Cement Plants in Shandong Province, China Title Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China's Cement Kilns:...

457

NETL: News Release - DOE Seeks Proposals to Increase Investment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

15, 2009 DOE Seeks Proposals to Increase Investment in Industrial Carbon Capture and Sequestration Projects Paves Way for First U.S. Commercial Scale Carbon Capture and Storage...

458

,"Texas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2011...

459

Increase in the Stability of Gravimetric Classification System of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, After the installation of coarse seed filtration at lines 1, 2 and 3 from Hydro Alunorte, the precipitation productivity was increased, however the ...

460

Lawrence Livermore increases contracts awarded to small businesses...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

standing in front of the NIF diagnostics that she works on. Photos by Julie KorhummelLLNL Lawrence Livermore increases contracts awarded to small businesses for third straight...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

,"U.S. Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels)",1,"Annual",2011...

462

,"New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2011...

463

Increasing Coke Impurities – Is this Really a Problem for Metal ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Increases in the Vanadium and Nickel content of anode grade coke in recent years have predictably affected smelter metal quality. This has now ...

464

NIST: Atomic Spectros. - Eigenvector Composition of Levels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... ?SL terms in the composition of the ? J level are conveniently expressed as percentages, whose sum is 100 %. Thus the percentage contributed by ...

465

Greenhouse effect, sea level and drought  

SciTech Connect

Four parts of this book relate successively to greenhouse effects, sea level, drought and water deficiency, and management techniques and case studies.

Paepe, R.; Fairbridge, R.W.; Jelgersma, S.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Ultrasonic Liquid Level Monitor - Available Technologies - PNNL  

The ultrasonic liquid level monitor is a single transducer mounted to the outside surface of a tank and an estimation algorithm that relies on the ...

467

Wavelengths, Transition Probabilities, and Energy Levels for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... energy levels, wavelengths, and ionization energies reported here ... the integer part of the energy is listed ... 61FOX/SER Fox, WN, and Series, GW, Proc ...

2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

468

NIST: Hydrocarcons - Molec. Param. and Energy Level ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The rotational energy levels are characterized by the three quantum numbers J ... axis one must also examine the nuclear spin statistics that influence ...

469

NIST Energy Levels of Hydrogen and Deuterium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This database provides theoretical values of energy levels of hydrogen and deuterium for principle quantum numbers n = 1 to 200 and all allowed ...

2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

470

Average Stock Levels: Crude Market & Propane  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This graph shows that propane was not alone in experiencing excess supply in 1998 and extraordinary stock builds. Note that the graph shows average stock levels ...

471

Forecasting the Wind to Reach Significant Penetration Levels of Wind Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advances in atmospheric science are critical to increased deployment of variable renewable energy (VRE) sources. For VRE sources, such as wind and solar, to reach high penetration levels in the nation's electric grid, electric system operators and VRE ...

Melinda Marquis; Jim Wilczak; Mark Ahlstrom; Justin Sharp; Andrew Stern; J. Charles Smith; Stan Calvert

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Cost-Effective Methods for Accurate Determination of Sea Level Rise Vulnerability: A Solomon Islands Example  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For millions of people living along the coastal fringe, sea level rise is perhaps the greatest threat to livelihoods over the coming century. With the refinement and downscaling of global climate models and increasing availability of airborne-...

Simon Albert; Kirsten Abernethy; Badin Gibbes; Alistair Grinham; Nixon Tooler; Shankar Aswani

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Yield and nitrogen levels of silage corn fertilized with urea and zeolite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an increase in DM production of corn. Urea has been the mosturea-N is used to fertilized corn, especially on acid soils.levels of nitrogen of silage corn fertilized with urea and

Bernardi, Alberto C. de Campos; Souza, Gilberto Batista de; Polidoro, José Carlos; Paiva, Paulo Renato Perdigão; Monte, Marisa Bezerra de Melo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Low-Level Mesocyclonic Concentration by Nonaxisymmetric Transport. Part II: Vorticity Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An idealized supercell simulation using the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) produced an elongated low-level mesocyclone that subsequently collapsed into a concentrated vortex. Though vorticity continually increased in the mesocyclone ...

Brian J. Gaudet; William R. Cotton; Michael T. Montgomery

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Spurious Stability and instability in N-Level Quasi-geostrophic Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eady's and Green's baroclinic instability problems are examined in N-level models with 2 N 180. As N is increased, both the maximum growth rate and the wavelength at which it occurs converge monotonically, without the irregular oscillatory ...

M. J. Bell; A. A. White

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Alongshore Wind Forcing of Coastal Sea Level as a Function of Frequency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The amplitude of the frequency response function between coastal alongshore wind stress and adjusted sea level anomalies along the west coast of the United States increases linearly as a function of the logarithm (log10) of the period for time ...

Holly F. Ryan; Marlene A. Noble

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Cost-Effective Methods for Accurate Determination of Sea Level Rise Vulnerability: A Solomon Islands Example  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For millions of people living along the coastal fringe, sea level rise is perhaps the greatest threat to livelihoods over the coming century. With the refinement and downscaling of global climate models and increasing availability of airborne ...

Simon Albert; Kirsten Abernethy; Badin Gibbes; Alistair Grinham; Nixon Tooler; Shankar Aswani

478

How California Can Increase Investments in Public Transit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All Aboard How California Can Increase Investments in Public Transit July 2011 #12;About \\ Berkeley Law All Aboard: How California Can Increase Investments in Public Transit Executive Summary: The Importance of Public Transit The buses, passenger rail cars, and shuttle vans that serve California

Militzer, Burkhard

479

Solar collector apparatus having increased energy rejection during stagnation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure relates to an active solar collector having increased energy rejection during stagnation. The collector's glazing is brought into substantial contact with absorber during stagnation to increase re-emittance and thereby to maintain lower temperatures when the collector is not in operation.

Moore, Stanley W. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

480

Solar collector apparatus having increased energy rejection during stagnation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An active solar collector having increased energy rejection during stagnation is disclosed. The collector's glazing is brought into substantial contact with absorber during stagnation to increase re-emittance and thereby to maintan lower temperatures when the collector is not in operation.

Moore, S.W.

1981-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increasing congestion levels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Public Finance Mechanisms to Increase Investment in Energy Efficiency |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Public Finance Mechanisms to Increase Investment in Energy Efficiency Public Finance Mechanisms to Increase Investment in Energy Efficiency Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Public Finance Mechanisms to Increase Investment in Energy Efficiency Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Finance Resource Type: Publications Website: www.sefalliance.org/fileadmin/media/base/downloads/pfm_EE.pdf Public Finance Mechanisms to Increase Investment in Energy Efficiency Screenshot References: Public Finance Mechanisms to Increase Investment in Energy Efficiency[1] Background "The report identifies the market barriers and financing gaps that energy efficiency technologies, companies and projects encounter on the way from conception to commercialisation and highlights existing public sector

482

Electric Power Research Institute Cooperation to Increase Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Research Institute Cooperation to Increase Energy Research Institute Cooperation to Increase Energy Efficiency, March 6, 2008 Electric Power Research Institute Cooperation to Increase Energy Efficiency, March 6, 2008 The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) strengthened cooperation for research, development and deployment of energy technologies aimed at promoting increased energy efficiency. DOE and EPRI yesterday signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) establishing a framework for close coordination to advance the common goal of satisfying the nation's growing electricity needs by improving energy efficiency and promoting the widespread adoption of electric energy demand response programs in an effort to curtail energy use during peak periods. Electric Power Research Institute Cooperation to Increase Energy

483

Anthropogenic increase in carbon dioxide compromises plant defense against invasive insects  

SciTech Connect

Elevated levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), a consequence of anthropogenic global change, can profoundly affect the interactions between crop plants and insect pests and may promote yet another form of global change: the rapid establishment of invasive species. Elevated CO{sub 2} increased the susceptibility of soybean plants grown under field conditions to the invasive Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica) and to a variant of western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera) resistant to crop rotation by down-regulating gene expression related to defense signaling [lipoxygenase 7 (lox7), lipoxygenase 8 (lox8), and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase (acc-s)]. The down-regulation of these genes, in turn, reduced the production of cysteine proteinase inhibitors (CystPIs), which are specific deterrents to coleopteran herbivores. Beetle herbivory increased CystPI activity to a greater degree in plants grown under ambient than under elevated CO{sub 2}. Gut cysteine proteinase activity was higher in beetles consuming foliage of soybeans grown under elevated CO{sub 2} than in beetles consuming soybeans grown in ambient CO{sub 2}, consistent with enhanced growth and development of these beetles on plants grown in elevated CO{sub 2}. These findings suggest that predicted increases in soybean productivity under projected elevated CO{sub 2} levels may be reduced by increased susceptibility to invasive crop pests.

Zavala, J.; Casteel, C.; DeLucia, E.; Berenbaum, M. [University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2018 Levelized Costs AEO 2013 1 2018 Levelized Costs AEO 2013 1 January 2013 Levelized Cost of New Generation Resources in the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 This paper presents average levelized costs for generating technologies that are brought on line in 2018 1 as represented in the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) for the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 (AEO2013) Early Release Reference case. 2 Both national values and the minimum and maximum values across the 22 U.S. regions of the NEMS electricity market module are presented. Levelized cost is often cited as a convenient summary measure of the overall competiveness of different generating technologies. It represents the per-kilowatthour cost (in real dollars) of building and operating a generating plant over an assumed financial life and duty cycle. Key

485

Increasing Well Productivity in Gas Condensate Wells in Qatar's North Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Condensate blockage negatively impacts large natural gas condensate reservoirs all over the world; examples include Arun Field in Indonesia, Karachaganak Field in Kazakhstan, Cupiagua Field in Colombia,Shtokmanovskoye Field in Russian Barents Sea, and North Field in Qatar. The main focus of this thesis is to evaluate condensate blockage problems in the North Field, Qatar, and then propose solutions to increase well productivity in these gas condensate wells. The first step of the study involved gathering North Field reservoir data from previously published papers. A commercial simulator was then used to carry out numerical reservoir simulation of fluid flow in the North Field. Once an accurate model was obtained, the following three solutions to increasing productivity in the North Field are presented; namely wettability alteration, horizontal wells, and reduced Non Darcy flow. Results of this study show that wettability alteration can increase well productivity in the North Field by adding significant value to a single well. Horizontal wells can successfully increase well productivity in the North Field because they have a smaller pressure drawdown (compared to vertical wells). Horizontal wells delay condensate formation, and increase the well productivity index by reducing condensate blockage in the near wellbore region. Non Darcy flow effects were found to be negligible in multilateral wells due to a decrease in fluid velocity. Therefore, drilling multilateral wells decreases gas velocity around the wellbore, decreases Non Darcy flow effects to a negligible level, and increases well productivity in the North Field.

Miller, Nathan

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Nondegenerate parametric down conversion in coherently prepared two-level atomic gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe parametric down conversion process in a two-level atomic gas, where the atoms are in a superposition state of relevant energy levels. This superposition results in splitting of the phase matching condition into three different conditions. Another, more important, peculiarity of the system under discussion is the nonsaturability of amplification coefficients with increasing pump wave intensity, under "sideband" generation conditions.

Gevorg Muradyan; Atom Zh. Muradyan

2008-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

487

Nondegenerate parametric down conversion in coherently prepared two-level atomic gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe parametric down conversion process in a two-level atomic gas, where the atoms are in a superposition state of relevant energy levels. This superposition results in splitting of the phase matching condition into three different conditions. Another, more important, peculiarity of the system under discussion is the nonsaturability of amplification coefficients with increasing pump wave intensity, under "sideband" generation conditions.

Muradyan, Gevorg

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

A Model of Sea Level Rise Caused by Ocean Thermal Expansion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Warming of the atmosphere as a result of an increased concentration of greenhouse gases is expected to lead to a significant rise is global sea level. We present estimates of the component of this sea level rise caused by thermal expansion of the ...

John A. Church; J. Stuart Godfrey; David R. Jackett; Trevor J. McDougall

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Implications of Increasing U.S. Crude Oil Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Implications of Increasing U.S. Crude Implications of Increasing U.S. Crude Oil Production By John Powell June 18, 2013 U.S. crude oil production is up dramatically since 2010 and will continue to grow rapidly; this has implications for: John Powell June 18, 2013 2 * Refinery operations * Refinery investment * Logistics infrastructure investment * Exports of petroleum products * Exports of crude oil Increased U.S. crude oil production has resulted in: John Powell June 18, 2013 3 * Declines in U.S. crude imports * Changes to refinery operations * Logistical constraints in moving crude from production areas to refining areas * Discounted prices for domestic "landlocked" crude vs. international seaborne crude

490

Helping Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability Helping Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability June 28, 2012 - 3:51pm Addthis The Wisconsin Profitable Sustainability Initiative (PSI), an innovative, customizable and highly-effective program of the Wisconsin Manufacturing Extension Partnership (WMEP), demonstrates the range of economic, social and environmental benefits that can be realized by the state's small and midsize manufacturers through the implementation of sustainable business practices. Kristin Swineford Communication Specialist, Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs What Does the Future Look Like? Electricity demand from these participants will be reduced by nearly 13 million kilowatt hours. 9,000 tons of solid waste will be diverted from landfills.

491

Technological Opportunities to Increase the Proliferation Resistance of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technological Opportunities to Increase the Proliferation Technological Opportunities to Increase the Proliferation Resistance of Global Civilian Nuclear Power Systems (TOPS) Technological Opportunities to Increase the Proliferation Resistance of Global Civilian Nuclear Power Systems (TOPS) In 1999 the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) formed a special task force, called the TOPS Task Force, from the Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee (NERAC) to identify near- and long-term technical opportunities to further increase the proliferation resistance of global civilian nuclear power systems. Recommendations on specific areas of research were called for, as well as on areas where international collaboration could be most productive. This report is the response to this ambitious charge and is essentially a work in progress, suggesting directions of effort for the

492

NERSC Increases System Storage and Security for Users  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increases Increases System Storage and Security for Users NERSC Increases System Storage and Security for Users April 28, 2009 Franklin Upgrades Improve I/O Performance Throughout the month of March the Cray XT4 machine Franklin underwent a series of upgrades and improvements, including a major I/O upgrade. The disk capacity of the scratch file system was increased by 30% to 460 TB, and the I/O bandwidth was nearly tripled to an aggregate write performance of 32 GB/sec, compared to 11 GB/s before the upgrade. Instead of adding the new hardware to the existing scratch file system, NERSC chose to implement a second scratch file system so that Franklin now has two scratch file systems, each with a peak write bandwidth of 16 GB/sec. "We doubled the amount of I/O hardware and nearly tripled the bandwidth,

493

DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces &  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces & Boilers DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces & Boilers November 19, 2007 - 4:31pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced it has increased the energy efficiency standards for residential furnaces and boilers, underscoring the Department's commitment to meet its aggressive, five-year appliance standard rulemaking schedule, as established in its January 31, 2006, Report to Congress. The Department estimates that these amended standards, which become effective in 2015, will save the equivalent of the total amount of energy consumed by 2.5 million American households in one year, or approximately 0.25 quadrillion (10x15) British thermal

494

Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech, Engineering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech, Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech, Engineering and Math Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech, Engineering and Math October 12, 2011 - 9:19am Addthis Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech, Engineering and Math Bill Valdez Bill Valdez Principal Deputy Director "The next two decades of global diversity and inclusion will present unprecedented opportunities and challenges," began the description of one of yesterday's panels at the 2011 National Diversity Women's Business Leadership Conference. Yesterday I had the opportunity to present on that panel, joined by thought leaders in diversity such as Rosalyn Taylor O'Neale, VP and Chief Diversity & Inclusion Officer at Campbell Soup Company and Dr. Johnnetta Cole, the

495

Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project Jump to: navigation, search Name of project Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project Location of project Benin Energy Services Lighting, Cooking and water heating, Space heating, Information and communications Year initiated 2009 Organization World Bank Website http://documents.worldbank.org Coordinates 9.30769°, 2.315834° References The World Bank[1] The objective of the Increased Access to Modern Energy Project is to improve reliability, efficiency, and access to modern energy services in Benin. There are three components to the project, the first component being electrical network upgrading. This component will provide for necessary investments to allow for continued operation of the existing transmission

496

Global and Local Effect of Increasing Land Surface Albedo as...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global and Local Effect of Increasing Land Surface Albedo as a Geo-Engineering AdaptationMitigation Option: A Case Study of Mediterranean Greenhouse Farming Speaker(s): Pablo...

497

Research Commentary: Increasing the Flexibility of Legacy Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flexibility is what people seek when striving to increase or expand economic and social choices, equity, and technological innovations. Flexibility provides the robustness needed to adjust to changes such as those arising from a warmer/colder world, ...

Barry Wellar; William L. Garrison; Ross MacKinnon; William R. Black; Arthur Getis

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

A Transformed Lagged Ensemble Forecasting Technique for Increasing Ensemble Size  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ensemble-based data assimilation approach is used to transform old ensemble forecast perturbations with more recent observations for the purpose of inexpensively increasing ensemble size. The impact of the transformations are propagated ...

Andrew R. Lawrence; James A. Hansen

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

SBA Increases Size Standards for Waste Remediation Services &  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SBA Increases Size Standards for Waste Remediation Services & SBA Increases Size Standards for Waste Remediation Services & Information/Admin Support SBA Increases Size Standards for Waste Remediation Services & Information/Admin Support December 12, 2012 - 10:22am Addthis John Hale III John Hale III Director, Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization Earlier this week, the U.S. Small Business Administration announced that they have revised size definitions for small businesses in Administrative and Support & Waste Management and Remediation Services categories, saying these revisions "reflect changes in marketplace conditions." The new standards are published in the Federal Register. Increases to size standards will enable some growing small businesses in these sectors to retain their small business status; will give federal

500

Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge RFITS has enabled DOE ORO to establish a complex-wide initiative, supporting on-site electronic shipping and transportation of waste while utilizing industry best practices to develop and maintain a cost effective and sustainable logistics and inventory management system. Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge More Documents & Publications Above on the left is K-25, at Oak Ridge before and after the 844,000 sq-ft demolition. In addition, on the right: K Cooling Tower at Savannah River Site demolition.