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1

Rooftop Photovoltaics Market Penetration Scenarios  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of this study was to model the market penetration of rooftop photovoltaics (PV) in the United States under a variety of scenarios, on a state-by-state basis, from 2007 to 2015.

Paidipati, J.; Frantzis, L.; Sawyer, H.; Kurrasch, A.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Technology Maturity and Market Penetration Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents technology maturity curves and market penetration charts that were developed to assess the current and future state of development for a range of technologies. Technology maturity curves were developed for 17 technology categories covering the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity and customer technologies. Market penetration charts were then developed for a subset of "game-changing" technologies to show the key steps to market entry for these technologies. Antici...

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

3

Study of capital requirements for solar energy. Final report, Volume 1. Analysis of the macroeconomic effects of increased solar energy market penetration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report defines the analytical framework for, and presents the results of, a study to determine the macroeconomic effects of increased market penetration of solar energy technologies over the 1977-2000 time period. For the purposes of this document, solar technologies are defined as wind, photovoltaics, ocean thermal electric (OTEC), small-scale (non-utility) hydroelectric and all solar active and passive thermal technologies. This research has been undertaken in support of the National Plan to Accelerate Commercialization (NPAC) of Solar Energy. The capital and operating requirements for three market penetration levels are first determined; the effects of these requirements on economic performance are then estimated using the Hudson-Jorgenson Energy/Economic Model. The analytical design, computational methods, data sources, assumptions and scenario configurations for this analysis are defined in detail. The results of the analysis of the economic impact of solar energy are presented in detail, and the implications of these results are discussed. Appendix A explains the methodology for transforming investment to capital stocks. Appendix B, which is provided in a separate volume, describes the Hudson-Jorgenson Model in greater detail. (WHK)

Pleatsikas, C.J.; Hudson, E.A.; O'Connor, D.C.; Funkhouser, D.H.

1979-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

4

Increasing Market Penetration of LED Traffic Signals in New York State Review of Articles and Information on LED Traffic Signals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A primary purpose of this review is to identify and summarize recently published information about the use and performance of light-emitting diode (LED) traffic signals. It consists of two sections: a synopsis of experiences of municipalities using LED traffic signals in 1999 and 2000, and a discussion of technical, economic and market issues surrounding the deployment of LED signals. This review includes articles and reports published in 1999 and 2000.

Bullough, J D; Bullough, John D.; Suozzo, Margaret

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Market penetration of new energy technologies  

SciTech Connect

This report examines the characteristics, advantages, disadvantages, and, for some, the mathematical formulas of forecasting methods that can be used to forecast the market penetration of renewable energy technologies. Among the methods studied are subjective estimation, market surveys, historical analogy models, cost models, diffusion models, time-series models, and econometric models. Some of these forecasting methods are more effective than others at different developmental stages of new technologies.

Packey, D.J.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Market penetration of biodiesel and ethanol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation examines the influence that economic and technological factors have on the penetration of biodiesel and ethanol into the transportation fuels market. This dissertation focuses on four aspects. The first involves the influence of fossil fuel prices, because biofuels are substitutes and have to compete in price. The second involves biofuel manufacturing technology, principally the feedstock-to-biofuel conversion rates, and the biofuel manufacturing costs. The third involves prices for greenhouse gas offsets. The fourth involves the agricultural commodity markets for feedstocks, and biofuel byproducts. This dissertation uses the Forest and Agricultural Sector Optimization Model-Greenhouse Gas (FASOM-GHG) to quantitatively examine these issues and calculates equilibrium prices and quantities, given market interactions, fossil fuel prices, carbon dioxide equivalent prices, government biofuel subsidies, technological improvement, and crop yield gains. The results indicate that for the ranges studied, gasoline prices have a major impact on aggregate ethanol production but only at low prices. At higher prices, one runs into a capacity constraint that limits expansion on the capacity of ethanol production. Aggregate biodiesel production is highly responsive to gasoline prices and increases over time. (Diesel fuel price is proportional to the gasoline price). Carbon dioxide equivalent prices expand the biodiesel industry, but have no impact on ethanol aggregate production when gasoline prices are high again because of refinery capacity expansion. Improvement of crop yields shows a similar pattern, expanding ethanol production when the gasoline price is low and expanding biodiesel. Technological improvement, where biorefinery production costs decrease over time, had minimal impact on aggregate ethanol and biodiesel production. Finally, U.S. government subsidies have a large expansionary impact on aggregate biodiesel production, but only expand the ethanol industry at low gasoline prices. All of these factors increase agricultural welfare with most expanding producer surplus and mixed effects on consumers.

Szulczyk, Kenneth Ray

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Value of storage with increased renewable penetration.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem statement for this project is: (1) Renewable energy portfolio standards - (a) high penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation on the grid, (b) utilities constrained by NERC Control Performance Standards, (c) requires additional resources to match generation with load; and (2) mitigation of impacts with energy storage - at what level of renewable penetration does energy storage become an attractive value proposition. Use a simplified, yet robust dispatch model that: (a) incorporates New Mexico Balance Area load and wind generation data, (b) distributes the load among a suite of generators, (c) quantifies increased generation costs with increased penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation - fuel, startup, shut down, ramping, standby, etc., (d) tracks and quantifies NERC pentalties and violations, and (e) quantifies storage costs. Dispatch model has been constructed and it: (a) accurately distributes a load among a suite of generators, (b) quantifies duty cycle metrics for each of the generators - cumulative energy production, ramping and non ramping duration, spinning reserves, number of start-ups, and shut down durations, etc., (c) quantifies energy exchanges - cumulative exchanges, duration, and number of exchanges, (d) tracks ACE violations.

Brainard, James Robert; Roach, Jesse Dillon

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Market penetration analysis for direct heat geothermal energy applications  

SciTech Connect

This study is concerned with the estimation of the National geothermal market potential and penetration in direct heat applications for residences and certain industry segments. An important aspect of this study is that the analysis considers both known and anticipated goethermal resources. This allows for an estimation of the longer-range potential for geothermal applications. Thus the approach and results of this study provide new insights and valuable information not obtained from more limited, site-specific types of analyses. Estimates made in this study track geothermal market potential and projected penetration from the present to the year 2020. Private sector commercialization of geothermal energy over this period requires assistance in the identification of markets and market sizes, potential users, and appropriate technical applications.

Thomas, R.J.; Nelson, R.A.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Market penetration potential of new clean coal technologies  

SciTech Connect

The diverse nature of the electric utility sector, both in terms of supply and demand, will allow numerous new coal-burning technologies to find economic niches within the marketplace. The focus of this paper is on the potential market penetration rate for one clean coal technology, Integrated Gasifier Combined Cycles (IGCC), from 1995 to 2024. The market penetration of IGCC was examined in two power pools that are distinctly different in terms of electric supply and demand. These pools consist of groups of companies that aggregate their resources for dispatching or trading electricity to achieve operating economies through energy exchanges. The first pool is located in the Midwest and is part of the North American Electric Reliability Council's (NERC) East Central Area Reliability Coordination Agreement (ECAR) region. The second pool is the Florida subregion of NERC's Southeastern Electric Reliability Council (SERC) region. Emphasis is placed on how both the current technology configuration of the power pool and how future demand profiles influence the penetration rate of a new technology. The effects of fuel prices on technology penetration are also examined. The argonne Utility Simulation (ARGUS) model is used to estimate IGCC market penetration under various economic assumptions. 20 refs., 8 figs.

Veselka, T.D.; Rose, K.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Transition Strategies: Government Options and Market Penetration Scenarios  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transition Strategies Transition Strategies Possible Range of Government Support Options * Hydrogen Fuel Initiative - 2015 commercialization decision * 2015 commercialization decision - 1000s of cars by 2015, and 10,000s of cars by 2018 * 2015 commercialization decision, 100,000s of cars by 2018 * 2010 commercialization decision, 10,000s of cars by 2015 and 100,000s of cars by 2018 * 2010 commercialization decision, 100,000s of cars by 2016 and millions by 2021. These scenarios are provided for transition analyses as recommended by the National Research Council to evaluate the transition phase and do not represent any specific policy recommendation. 3 Market Penetration Scenarios The following scenarios represent the estimated penetration of hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles (HFCV) given different government incentives:

11

Market Penetration Model (MPM) user's guide  

SciTech Connect

This document describes a computer program which calculates the most probable Solar Total Energy System (STES) market penetration and forecasts of energy displacement by geographic location (50 states) and by industrial application (140 industries) for seven time periods (from 1985 to 2015 in five year increments). The program is written in Fortran for the FTN compiler on The Aerospace Corporation's CDC 7600 computer. It consists of approximately 750 cards, including comments. This document contains a description of the program, its inputs and its outputs. Examples of program input and output as well as a sample deck structure are provided. A source listing appears in the appendix.

Timmer, B.R.

1979-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

12

Factors affecting potential market penetration of laser fusion power plants  

SciTech Connect

A mini-model has been constructed to estimate the optimal size of laser fusion power plants and to estimate the allowable cost of the first such plant in relation to the next best alternative. In estimating the costs of laser fusion, the mini-model incorporates such factors as market penetration, learning, economies of scale, system size, transmission costs, reserve requirements, development and licensing costs and site costs. The results of the mini-model simulations indicate that the optimal laser fusion plant size is approximately 3 GWe; risk considerations unincorporated in the mini-model suggest an optimal size closer to 2.5 GWe.

Deonigi, D.E.; Fraley, D.W.

1979-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Geothermal hydrothermal direct heat use: US market size and market penetration estimates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study estimates the future regional and national market penetration path of hydrothermal geothermal direct heat applications in the United States. A Technology Substitution Model (MARPEN) is developed and used to estimate the energy market shares captured by low-temperature (50 to 150/sup 0/C) hydrothermal geothermal energy systems over the period 1985 to 2020. The sensitivity of hydrothermal direct heat market shares to various government hydrothermal commercialization policies is examined. Several substantive recommendations to help accelerate commercialization of geothermal direct heat utilization in the United States are indicated and possible additional analyses are discussed.

El Sawy, A.H.; Entingh, D.J.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Government policy and market penetration opportunities for US renewable energy technology in India and Pakistan  

SciTech Connect

Some US renewable energy industries are now looking abroad, especially to the rapidly developing Asia-Pacific region, in order to increase sales and expand markets. The developing world appears in principle to be an important market for renewable energy technologies. These international markets have proven extremely difficult to penetrate, and the US competitive position is threatened by strong, well-organized, government-supported competition from Japan and Western Europe. For example, US photovoltaic manufacturers held 80% of the world PV market in 1980; today their market share is down to 35%. Less developed countries (LDCs) present a potentially significant but highly elusive market for renewable energy technologies. This market may develop for three major reasons; the shortage of electricity supply and the high cost of grid extension to rural areas, the high cost of oil imports and the scarcity of light oil products, and the gradual replacement of traditional fuels with modern ones. The focus of this report is on the policies and attitudes of national and regional governments in India and Pakistan towards renewable energy technology and how these policies and attitudes affect the potential for penetration of these markets by US industry. We have attempted to provide some useful insight into the actual market environment in India and Pakistan rather than just report on official laws, regulations, and policies. The report also examines the economics of technologies in comparison with more traditional sources of energy. It concentrates primarily on technologies, such as photovoltaics and wind electric systems, that would benefit from foreign participation, but also identifies potential market opportunities for advanced solar desalination and other renewable energy technologies. 31 refs.

Sathaye, J.; Weingart, J.M.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Value of Storage with Increased Penetration of Renewable Generation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Storage with of Storage with Increased Renewable Penetration Presenter: Jim Brainard Jesse Roach Sandia National Laboratories Energy Infrastructure and DER John Boyes (Manager) Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Funded in part by the Energy Storage Systems Program of the U.S. Department Of Energy through Sandia National Laboratories Problem Statement  Renewable energy portfolio standards - High penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation on the grid - Utilities constrained by NERC Control Performance Standards - Requires additional resources to match

16

Increasing Global Renewable Energy Market Share  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to experience even greater energy supply uncertainties and price increases from fossil fuels. Recent trendsIncreasing Global Renewable Energy Market Share: Recent Trends and Perspectives Final Report a time of growing volatility and uncertainty in world energy markets. Oil price increases, which hit oil

Damm, Werner

17

System-wide emissions implications of increased wind power penetration.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper discusses the environmental effects of incorporating wind energy into the electric power system. We present a detailed emissions analysis based on comprehensive modeling of power system operations with unit commitment and economic dispatch for different wind penetration levels. First, by minimizing cost, the unit commitment model decides which thermal power plants will be utilized based on a wind power forecast, and then, the economic dispatch model dictates the level of production for each unit as a function of the realized wind power generation. Finally, knowing the power production from each power plant, the emissions are calculated. The emissions model incorporates the effects of both cycling and start-ups of thermal power plants in analyzing emissions from an electric power system with increasing levels of wind power. Our results for the power system in the state of Illinois show significant emissions effects from increased cycling and particularly start-ups of thermal power plants. However, we conclude that as the wind power penetration increases, pollutant emissions decrease overall due to the replacement of fossil fuels.

Valentino, L.; Valenzuela, V.; Botterud, A.; Zhou, Z.; Conzelmann, G. (Decision and Information Sciences); (Univ. of Illinois, Champaign/Urbana); (Georgia Institute of Technology)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Survey review of models for use in market penetration analysis: utility sector focus  

SciTech Connect

The ultimate benefits of federal expenditures in research and development for new technologies are dependent upon the degree of acceptance of these technologies. Market penetration considerations are central to the problem of quantifying the potential benefits. These benefits are inputs to the selection process of projects competing for finite R and D funds. Market penetration is the gradual acceptance of a new commodity or technology. The Office of Coal utilization is concerned with the specialized area of market penetration of new electric power generation technologies for both replacement and new capacity. The common measure of market penetration is the fraction of the market serviced by the challenging technology for each time point considered. The methodologies for estimating market penetration are divided into three generic classes: integrated energy/economy modeling systems, utility capacity expansion models, and technology substitution models. In general, the integrated energy/economy modeling systems have three advantages: they provide internally consistent macro, energy-economy scenarios, they account for the effect of prices on demand by fuel form, and they explicitly capture the effects of population growth and the level and structure of economic activity on energy demand. A variety of deficiencies appear in most energy-economy systems models. All of the methodologies may be applied at some level to questions of market penetration of new technologies in the utility sector; choice of methods for a particular analysis must be conditioned by the scope of the analysis, data availability, and the relative cost of alternative analysis.

Groncki, P.J.; Kydes, A.S.; Lamontagne, J.; Marcuse, W.; Vinjamuri, G.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Effective Ancillary Services Market Designs on High Wind Power Penetration Systems: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper focuses on how the ancillary service market designs are implemented and how they may require changes on systems with greater penetrations of variable renewable energy suppliers, in particular wind power. Ancillary services markets have been developed in many of the restructured power system regions throughout the world. Ancillary services include the services that support the provision of energy to support power system reliability. The ancillary services markets are tied tightly to the design of the energy market and to the physics of the system and therefore careful consideration of power system economics and engineering must be considered in their design. This paper focuses on how the ancillary service market designs are implemented and how they may require changes on systems with greater penetrations of variable renewable energy suppliers, in particular wind power.

Ela, E.; Kirby, B.; Navid, N.; Smith, J. C.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Review of methods for forecasting the market penetration of new technologies  

SciTech Connect

In 1993 the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE) initiated a program called Quality Metrics. Quality Metrics was developed to measure the costs and benefits of technologies being developed by EE R&D programs. The impact of any new technology is directly related to its adoption by the market. The techniques employed to project market adoption are critical to measuring a new technology`s impact. Our purpose was to review current market penetration theories and models and develop a recommended approach for evaluating the market penetration of DOE technologies. The following commonly cited innovation diffusion theories were reviewed to identify analytical approaches relevant to new energy technologies: (1) the normal noncumulative adopter distribution method, (2) the Bass Model, (3) the Mansfield-Blackman Model, (4) the Fisher-Pry Model, (5) a meta-analysis of innovation diffusion studies. Of the theories reviewed, the Bass and Mansfield-Blackman models were found most applicable to forecasting the market penetration of electricity supply technologies. Their algorithms require input estimates which characterize the technology adoption behavior of the electricity supply industry. But, inadequate work has been done to quantify the technology adoption characteristics of this industry. The following energy technology market penetration models were also reviewed: (1) DOE`s Renewable Energy Penetration (REP) Model, (2) DOE`s Electricity Capacity Planning Submodule of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS), (3) the Assessment of Energy Technologies (ASSET) model by Regional Economic Research, Inc., (4) the Market TREK model by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). The two DOE models were developed for electricity generation technologies whereas the Regional Economic Research and EPRI models were designed for demand- side energy technology markets. Therefore, the review and evaluation focused on the DOE models.

Gilshannon, S.T.; Brown, D.R.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Solar total energy systems final technical summary report. Volume I. Solar total energy systems market penetration  

SciTech Connect

The results of the market penetration analysis of Solar Total Energy Systems (STES) for the industrial sector are described. Performance data derived for STES commercial applications are included. The energy use and price forecasts used in the analysis are summarized. The STES Applications Model (SAM), has been used to develop data on STES development potential by state and industry as a function of time from 1985 through 2015. A second computer code, the Market Penetration Model (MPM), has been completed and used to develop forecasts of STES market penetration and national energy displacement by fuel type. This model was also used to generate sensitivity factors for incentives, and variations in assumptions of cost of STES competing fuel. Results for the STES performance analysis for commercial applications are presented. (MHR)

Bush, L.R.; Munjal, P.K.

1978-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

22

The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

San Francisco, CA, 2010 (6) National Renewable EnergyLaboratory (NREL), Renewable Resource Data Center, Website:Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on

Barbose, Galen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Updated U.S. Geothermal Supply Characterization and Representation for Market Penetration Model Input  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Updated U.S. Geothermal Updated U.S. Geothermal Supply Characterization and Representation for Market Penetration Model Input C. Augustine Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-47459 October 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Updated U.S. Geothermal Supply Characterization and Representation for Market Penetration Model Input C. Augustine Prepared under Task No. GT09.3002 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-47459 October 2011 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

24

Modeling the Long-Term Market Penetration of Wind in the United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents an overview of the Wind Deployment Systems Model (WinDS). WinDS is a multiregional, multitime-period, Geographic Information System (GIS), and linear programming model of capacity expansion in the electric sector of the United States. WinDS is designed to address the principal market issues related to the penetration of wind energy technologies into the electric sector. These principal market issues include access to and cost of transmission, and the intermittency of wind power. WinDS addresses these issues through a highly discretized regional structure, explicit accounting for the variability in wind output over time, and consideration of ancillary services requirements and costs.

Short, W.; Blair, N.; Heimiller, D.; Singh, V.

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

EPRI Electric GSE Market Penetration Issues Round Table Proceedings: September 2001  

SciTech Connect

Due to the unfortunate incidents of September 11, 2001, the EPRI Electric GSE Market Penetration Issues Round Table Meeting scheduled to be held in Washington, D.C. was canceled. However, these meetings are vital to bring together the players in the electric ground support equipment industry that identify and address key issues surrounding the deployment of electric GSE. These meeting proceedings are the presentations that were to be used by the speakers of this meeting.

None

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Geothermal Energy Market Study on the Atlantic Coastal Plain. Geothermal Energy Market penetration: development of a model for the residential sector  

SciTech Connect

A model has been developed that examines the feasibility of using geothermal technology in heating residential structures. Specific account is taken of the small contribution of new housing to the total stock in any given year and of the durability of houses and their furnaces. Both aspects constrain the penetration of geothermal energy into the residential market. After a discussion of other market penetration paradigms, a simple model of market penetration is developed that is based on the premise that homeowners will not abandon an existing furnace until its economic life is over. Next, behavioral parameters are discussed and the model is extended from 20 to 40 years. Finally, methods are discussed for collecting the needed data to determine market penetration, and ideas are proposed of ways to induce homeowners to give up economically viable furnaces to allow the firm providing the energy to reduce costs.

Goodman, A.C.

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

An evaluation of market penetration forecasting methodologies for new residential and commercial energy technologies  

SciTech Connect

Forecasting market penetration is an essential step in the development and assessment of new technologies. This report reviews several methodologies that are available for market penetration forecasting. The primary objective of this report is to help entrepreneurs understand these methodologies and aid in the selection of one or more of them for application to a particular new technology. This report also illustrates the application of these methodologies, using examples of new technologies, such as the heat pump, drawn from the residential and commercial sector. The report concludes with a brief discussion of some considerations in selecting a forecasting methodology for a particular situation. It must be emphasized that the objective of this report is not to construct a specific market penetration model for new technologies but only to provide a comparative evaluation of methodologies that would be useful to an entrepreneur who is unfamiliar with the range of techniques available. The specific methodologies considered in this report are as follows: subjective estimation methods, market surveys, historical analogy models, time series models, econometric models, diffusion models, economic cost models, and discrete choice models. In addition to these individual methodologies, which range from the very simple to the very complex, two combination approaches are also briefly discussed: (1) the economic cost model combined with the diffusion model and (2) the discrete choice model combined with the diffusion model. This discussion of combination methodologies is not meant to be exhaustive. Rather, it is intended merely to show that many methodologies often can complement each other. A combination of two or more different approaches may be better than a single methodology alone.

Raju, P.S.; Teotia, A.P.S.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Analysis of market penetration scenarios of clean coal technologies in China using the LLNL China Energy Model  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of an analysis of the market penetration of Clean Coal Technologies in the electric utility market in China. The analysis is based on a model of the Chinese energy system developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Under this model, the market penetration of a technology depends on the relative prices of all technologies in a market. The model assumes that for each technology there is a distribution of effective prices to the consumers in the market place. The prices for each technology computed in the model are assumed to be the means of these distributions: sometime the effective price is greater than this and sometimes it is less. Thus even a relatively expensive technology may cost less than its competitors in a fraction of the transactions. Using several scenarios about the possible dispersion of prices, we estimate the market share of CCTs over the next 50 years. We find that some CCTs penetrate under all scenarios, but the more expensive ones only show significant penetration when larger values of price dispersion are assumed. Generally the penetration of the CCTs is 15% or less of the market by 2020. However, advanced pulverized coal does exceed 15% in some cases.

Lamont, A

1998-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

29

Estimating market penetration of new district heating and cooling systems using a combination of economic cost and diffusion models  

SciTech Connect

The economic-cost model and the diffusion model are among the many market-penetration forecasting approaches that are available. These approaches have been used separately in many applications. In this paper, the authors briefly review these two approaches and then describe a methodology for forecasting market penetration using both approaches sequentially. This methodology is illustrated with the example of market-penetration forecasting of new district heating and cooling (DHC) systems in the Argonne DHC Market Penetration Model, which was developed and used over the period 1979--1983. This paper discusses how this combination approach, which incorporates the strengths of the economic-cost and diffusion models, has been superior to any one approach for market forecasts of DHC systems. Also discussed are the required modifications for revising and updating the model in order to generate new market-penetration forecasts for DHC systems. These modifications are required as a result of changes in DHC engineering, economic, and market data from 1983 to 1990. 13 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Teotia, A.P.S.; Karvelas, D.E.

1991-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

30

Increasing access to the carbon market ENERGY, CLIMATE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· workshops; Knowledge and information management;· Research, policy analysis, and market surveil-· lanceIncreasing access to the carbon market ENERGY, CLIMATE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 2008 #12;2 World is growing in parallel. With a dynamic carbon market under constant development, the Energy and Carbon Fi

31

Estimating the Market Penetration of Residential Cool Storage Technology Using Economic Cost Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study estimated the market penetration for residential cool storage technology using economic cost modeling. Residential cool storage units produce and store chill during off-peak periods of the day to be used during times of peak electric power needs. This paper provides projections of unit sales expected in 5-year intervals for the years 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2010, Such projections help to determine the maximum amount o f energy that could be displaced by this technology in the future. This study also found that price incentives offered to households must be varied dramatically by region for residential cool storage systems to be economically competitive relative to conventional systems. Under the most likely scenario, this analysis estimated that residential cool storage units will eventually capture about one-half of the central air conditioning (A/C) market.

Weijo, R. O.; and Brown, D. R.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Estimating the market penetration of residential cool storage technology using economic cost modeling  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study estimated the market penetration for residential cool storage technology using economic cost modeling. Residential cool storage units produce and store chill during off-peak periods of the day to be used during times of peak electric power needs. This paper provides projections of unit sales expected in 5-year intervals for the years 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2010. Such projections help to determine the maximum amount of energy that could be displaced by this technology in the future. This study also found that price incentives offered to households must be varied dramatically by region for residential cool storage systems to be economically competitive relative to conventional systems. Under the most likely scenario, this analysis estimated that residential cool storage units will eventually capture about one-half of the central air conditioning (A/C) market. 14 refs., 2 figs., 8 tabs.

Weijo, R.O.; Brown, D.R.

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Forecasting the Market Penetration of Energy Conservation Technologies: The Decision Criteria for Choosing a Forecasting Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An important determinant of our energy future is the rate at which energy conservation technologies, once developed, are put into use. At Synergic Resources Corporation, we have adapted and applied a methodology to forecast the use of conservation technologies. This paper briefly discusses the observed patterns of the diffusion of new' technologies and the determinants (both sociological and economic) which have been proposed to explain the variation in the diffusion rates. Existing market penetration models are reviewed and their capability to forecast the use of conservation technologies is assessed using a set of criteria developed for this purpose. The reasoning behind the choice of criteria is discussed. The criteria includes the range of hypothesized influences to market penetration that are incorporated into the models and the applicability of the available parameter estimates. The attributes of our methodology and forecasting model choice (a behavioral lag equation developed by Mathtech, Inc.), are displayed using a list of the judgment criteria. This method was used to forecast the use of electricity conservation technologies in industries located in the Pacific Northwest for the Bonneville Power Administration.

Lang, K.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Lightweight materials in the light-duty passenger vehicle market: Their market penetration potential and impacts  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the results of a lightweight materials study. Various lightweight materials are examined and the most cost effective are selected for further analysis. Aluminum and high-performance polymer matrix composites (PMCS) are found to have the highest potential for reducing the weight of automobiles and passenger-oriented light trucks. Weight reduction potential for aluminum and carbon fiber-based PMCs are computed based on a set of component-specific replacement criteria (such as stiffness and strength), and the consequent incremental cost scenarios are developed. The authors assume that a materials R and D program successfully reduces the cost of manufacturing aluminum and carbon fiber PMC-intensive vehicles. A vehicle choice model is used to project market shares for the lightweight vehicles. A vehicle survival and age-related usage model is employed to compute energy consumption over time for the vehicle stock. After a review of projected costs, the following two sets of vehicles are characterized to compete with the conventional materials vehicles: (1) aluminum vehicles with limited replacement providing 19% weight reduction (AIV-Mid), and (2) aluminum vehicles with the maximum replacement providing 31% weight reduction (AIV-Max). Assuming mass-market introduction in 2005, the authors project a national petroleum energy savings of 3% for AIV-Mid and 5% for AIV-Max in 2030.

Stodolsky, F. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research]|[Argonne National Lab., Washington, DC (United States); Vyas, A.; Cuenca, R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Modeling the Long-Term Market Penetration of Wind in the United States  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Long-Term Long-Term Market Penetration of Wind in the United States July 2003 * NREL/CP-620-34469 W. Short, N. Blair, D. Heimiller, and V. Singh Presented at the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) WindPower 2003 Conference Austin, Texas May 21, 2003 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle * Bechtel Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Midwest Research Institute (MRI), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-99GO10337. Accordingly, the US Government and MRI retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published

36

Power System Operational and Planning Impacts of Generator Cycling Due to Increased Penetration of Variable Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical update describes work done in the second and final year of the EPRI Bulk Renewable Integration Program project, Operational and Planning Impacts of Generator Cycling. This project takes a system perspective in examining the issue of generator cycling behavior, which is likely to increase with increased renewable penetration. To better understand system impacts, researchers developed new modeling algorithms and used them in two case studies to investigate issues related ...

2013-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

37

The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from ResidentialPENETRATIONS ON ELECTRICITY BILL SAVINGS FROM RESIDENTIALBill Savings In this paper, we have chosen two compensation mechanisms for electricity

Barbose, Galen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Application analysis of solar total energy systems to the residential sector. Volume IV, market penetration. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This volume first describes the residential consumption of energy in each of the 11 STES regions by fuel type and end-use category. The current and projected costs and availability of fossil fuels and electricity for the STES regions are reported. Projections are made concerning residential building construction and the potential market for residential STES. The effects of STES ownership options, institutional constraints, and possible government actions on market penetration potential were considered. Capital costs for two types of STES were determined, those based on organic Rankine cycle (ORC) heat engines and those based on flat plate, water-cooled photovoltaic arrays. Both types of systems utilized parabolic trough collectors. The capital cost differential between conventional and STE systems was calculated on an incremental cost per dwelling unit for comparison with projected fuel savings in the market penetration analysis. The market penetration analysis was planned in two phases, a preliminary analysis of each of the geographical regions for each of the STE systems considered; and a final, more precise analysis of those regions and systems showing promise of significant market penetration. However, the preliminary analysis revealed no geographical regions in which any of the STES considered promised to be competitive with conventional energy systems using utility services at the prices projected for future energy supplies in the residential market. Because no promising situations were found, the analysis was directed toward an examination of the parameters involved in an effort to identify those factors which make a residential STES less attractive than similar systems in the commercial and industrial areas. Results are reported. (WHK)

Not Available

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Effect of Increased Natural Gas Exports on Domestic Energy Markets  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Effect of Increased Natural Gas Effect of Increased Natural Gas Exports on Domestic Energy Markets as requested by the Office of Fossil Energy January 2012 This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the U.S. Department of Energy or other Federal agencies. U.S. Energy Information Administration | Effects of Increased Natural Gas Exports on Domestic Energy Markets i Contacts The Office of Energy Analysis prepared this report under the guidance of John Conti, Assistant

40

The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

penetrations on residential retail electricity rates andpresent the residential electricity retail rates resultingelectricity rates. Since G h,resPV , the residential PV

Barbose, Galen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on spot market prices in Germany, Energy Policy, 36: 3086-energy and ancillary services, incorporating operational constraints and hourly time resolution, to determine long-term economic generation investments and resulting hourly wholesale market prices.

Barbose, Galen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

concentrated solar power (CSP), and wind penetrations in thePV from residential Other RE CSP + storage PV Wind Referencesolar PV, wind, and solar CSP, respectively (all costs are

Barbose, Galen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Does More international transmission capacity increase competition in the Belgian electricity market?  

SciTech Connect

From a national market perspective, taking transmission capacity into account reduces current concentration measures, although they remain fairly high even after substantial capacity increases. From an international perspective, a more efficient use of current transmission capacity by coupling regional markets can increase competition. That suggests it may not be appropriate to assess market concentration using national market shares. (author)

Kuepper, Gerd; Delarue, Erik; Delvaux, Bram; Meeus, Leonardo; Bekaert, David; Willems, Bert; Proost, Stef; D'haeseleer, William; Deketelaere, Kurt; Belmans, Ronnie

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

44

The comparative impact of the market penetration of energy-efficient measures: A sensitivity analysis of its impact on minority households  

SciTech Connect

A sensitivity study was made of the potential market penetration of residential energy efficiency as energy service ratio (ESR) improvements occurred in minority households, by age of house. The study followed a Minority Energy Assessment Model analysis of the National Energy Strategy projections of household energy consumption and prices, with majority, black, and Hispanic subgroup divisions. Electricity and total energy consumption and expenditure patterns were evaluated when the households` ESR improvement followed a logistic negative growth (i.e., market penetration) path. Earlier occurrence of ESR improvements meant greater discounted savings over the 22-year period.

Bozinovich, L.V.; Poyer, D.A.; Anderson, J.L.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and magnitude of these charges in 2030 is uncertain.that rates are not tiered in 2030. 2. METHODS AND DATA Towholesale market scenarios for 2030: a reference scenario, a

Barbose, Galen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Estimating market penetration of steam, hot water and chilled water in commercial sector using a new econometric model  

SciTech Connect

For the first time in the public domain, we have estimated the energy consumption and expenditures of district steam, hot water, and chilled water. Specifically, the combined energy consumption and expenditures of steam, hot water, and chilled water in 1989 were approximately 800 trillion Btu and 7 billion dollars, respectively. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new model developed at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) for estimating market penetration of steam, hot water, and chilled water systems in commercial buildings over the next 20 years. This research sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE) used the 1989 Commercial Building Energy Consumption Surveys (CBECS) to provide information on energy consumption and expenditures and related factors in about 6000 buildings. A general linear model to estimated parameters for each of the three equations for steam, hot water, and chilled water demand in the buildings. A logarithmic transformation was made for the dependent variable and most of the explanatory variables. The model provides estimates of building steam, hot water, and chilled water consumption and expenditures between now and the year 2010. This model should be of interest to policymakers, researchers, and market participants involved with planning and implementing community-based energy-conserving and environmentally beneficial energy systems.

Teotia, A.P.S.; Karvelas, D.E.; Daniels, E.J.; Anderson, J.L.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Geothermal direct heat use: market potential/penetration analysis for Federal Region IX (Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A preliminary study was made of the potential for geothermal direct heat use in Arizona, California, Hawaii, and Nevada (Federal Region IX). The analysis for each state was performed by a different team, located in that state. For each state, the study team was asked to: (1) define the resource, based on the latest available data; (2) assess the potential market growth for geothermal energy; and (3) estimate the market penetration, projected to 2020. Each of the four states of interest in this study is unique in its own way. Rather than impose the same assumptions as to growth rates, capture rates, etc. on all of the study teams, each team was asked to use the most appropriate set of assumptions for its state. The results, therefore, should reflect the currently accepted views within each state. The four state reports comprise the main portion of this document. A brief regional overview section was prepared by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, following completion of the state reports.

Powell, W.; Tang, K. (eds.) [eds.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Market Model Simulation: The Impact of Increased Automotive ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to reduce energy consumption of gasoline, the U.S. Congress passed the ... from information in a Solomon Smith Barney report on Australian Magnesium, United States .... The market model was used to analyze three scenarios. First...

49

Redesign for energy and reserve markets in electric power networks with high solar penetration .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Favorable price trends and increasing demand for renewable energy sources portend accelerating integration of solar photovoltaic (PV) generation into traditional electric power system networks. Managing (more)

Hollis, Preston Taylor

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

On-farm use of biomass fuels: market penetration potential during normal and fuel-emergency conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential for biomass fuels produced in decentralized facilities to replace the centrally produced fuels currently used in agriculture is examined. Two issues are examined. Will biomass fuels become cost-competitive relative to central fuels. And, what is the potential for biomass fuels to replace central fuels during emergency conditions when central fuels are unavailable. To answer these questions, descriptions of a range of currently available biomass technologies have been prepared and estimates made of current and projected agricultural fuel needs and biomass-feedstock availabilities. A variety of assumptions about future conditions have been adopted, the most important of which is that central fuel prices escalate at 7.5% annually relative to the commodities and inputs used to produce biomass fuel products. Under these assumptions, a number of biomass fuels will become cost-competitive during the 1980s, but most will do so late in the decade. Moreover, once these fuels become cost-competitive, penetration will occur gradually. Market forces thus will not markedly reduce the vulnerability of agriculture to energy-supply interruptions during this period. Biomass fuels could, however, play an important role during a fuel emergency. Estimates indicate they could replace up to about 60% of annual agricultural-sector fuel consumption by 1990, during the course of a fuel emergency of one year's duration.

Bjornstad, D.J.; Hillsman, E.L.; Tepel, R.C.; Mills, J.B.; CHester, C.V.; Klepper, O.H.; Borkowski, R.J.; Nichols, J.; Rainey, J.A.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

U.S. exports of petroleum products increase as markets become more ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Total U.S. exports of finished petroleum products have increased more than 60% since 2007 as markets have become more globally integrated. This trend is driven ...

52

Eighth National Green Power Marketing Conference: Increasing Access, Appeal, and Awareness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Eighth National Green Power Marketing Conference -- Increasing Access, Appeal, and Awareness -- reviewed the status of the green power marketing industry and explored innovative ways of designing and marketing green power products. The conference, held in Chicago, Illinois, November 35, 2003, was organized by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), EPRI, and Center for Resource Solutions. The conference was cosponsored by EPRI; the Office of Power Techn...

2004-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

53

Changing World Product Markets and Potential Refining Capacity Increases  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The presentation explores potential refinery capacity increases over the next 5 years in various world regions, based on changing demand patterns, changing price incentives, and capacity expansion announcements.

Information Center

2006-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

54

Session: Hard Rock Penetration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This session at the Geothermal Energy Program Review X: Geothermal Energy and the Utility Market consisted of five presentations: ''Hard Rock Penetration - Summary'' by George P. Tennyson, Jr.; ''Overview - Hard Rock Penetration'' by James C. Dunn; ''An Overview of Acoustic Telemetry'' by Douglas S. Drumheller; ''Lost Circulation Technology Development Status'' by David A. Glowka; ''Downhole Memory-Logging Tools'' by Peter Lysne.

Tennyson, George P. Jr.; Dunn, James C.; Drumheller, Douglas S.; Glowka, David A.; Lysne, Peter

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Session 3: Impact on U.S. Ancillary Services Markets from Variable Renewable Energy (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

The presentation provides an overview of how increasing penetrations of variable renewable energy on the electricity grid are impacting ancillary services markets in the United States.

Cochran, J.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Abstract--Market based contracting introduces increased competition in the power industry, and creates a need for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electric market. Deregulation exposes GENCOs to risks and uncertainties. Electric energy sales by a GENCO? The framework for the analysis is a simplified day-ahead auction where the market is cleared one day in advance1 Abstract-- Market based contracting introduces increased competition in the power industry

Berleant, Daniel

57

How Increased Crude Oil Demand by China and India Affects the International Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-WTI Spot Cushing US$/BBL Brent Crude Oil-Brent Dated FOB US$/BBL Dubai Crude Oil-Arab Gulf Dubai FOB US$/BBL Tapis Crude Oil-Malaysia Tapis FOB US$/BBL Urals Crude Oil-Urals FOB US$/BBL Bonny Crude Oil-Africa FOB1 How Increased Crude Oil Demand by China and India Affects the International Market

58

Market  

... and its contributions to society and the economy; The marketing group values suggestions from researchers regarding companies to approach.

59

Penetration equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1967, Sandia National Laboratories published empirical equations to predict penetration into natural earth materials and concrete. Since that time there have been several small changes to the basic equations, and several more additions to the overall technique for predicting penetration into soil, rock, concrete, ice, and frozen soil. The most recent update to the equations was published in 1988, and since that time there have been changes in the equations to better match the expanding data base, especially in concrete penetration. This is a standalone report documenting the latest version of the Young/Sandia penetration equations and related analytical techniques to predict penetration into natural earth materials and concrete. 11 refs., 6 tabs.

Young, C.W. [Applied Research Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

An R and D Agenda to enhance electricity system reliability by increasing customer participation in emerging competitive markets  

SciTech Connect

Recent electricity price spikes are painful reminders of the value that meaningful demand-side responses could bring to the restructuring US electricity system. Review of the aggregate offers made by suppliers confirms that even a modest increase demand elasticity could dramatically reduce these extremes in price volatility. We submit that dramatically increased customer participation in these markets to enhance system reliability and reduce price volatility is sorely needed. Indeed, allowing customers to manage their loads in response to system conditions might be thought of as the ultimate reliability resource. Most would agree that meaningful demand-side responses to price are the hallmark of a well-functioning competitive market (Kirby and Kueck 1999). Yet, in today's markets for electricity, little or no such response is evident. In effect, today's markets are incomplete; they represent only half of what a truly competitive market requires. The reason is simple: customers currently do not experience directly the time-varying costs of their consumption decisions. Consequently, they have no incentive to modify these decisions in ways that might enhance system reliability or improve the efficiency of the markets in which electricity is traded. We submit that increased customer participation is a necessary step in the evolution toward more efficient markets for electricity and ancillary services. Toward this end, this paper outlines an agenda for public-interest R&D in support of this objective.

Eto, J.; Marnay, C.; Goldman, C.; Kueck, J.; Kirby, B.; Dagle, J.; Alvarado, F.; Mount, T.; Oren, S.; Martinez, C.

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Statistical Information of the Increased Demand for Watch the VOD with the Increased Sophistication in the Mobile Devices,Communications and Internet Penetration in Asia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the rapid progress of the media streaming applications such as video streaming can be classified into two types of streaming, Live video streaming, Video on Demand (VoD). Live video streaming is a service which allows the clients to watch many TV channels over the internet and the clients able to use one operation to perform is to switch the channels. Video on Demand (VoD) is one of the most important applications for the internet of the future and has become an interactive multimedia service which allows the users to start watching the video of their choice at anytime and anywhere, especially after the rapid deployment of the wireless networks and mobile devices. In this paper provide statistical information about the Internet, communications and mobile devices etc. This has led to an increased demand for the development, communication and computational powers of many of the mobile wireless subscribers/mobile devices such as laptops, PDAs, smart phones and notebook. These techniques are utilized to obtain...

Alomari, Saleh Ali

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Effect of Energy Storage in Increasing the Penetration of RES in the Remote Island of Kyriakidis, Ioannis; Braun, Philipp; Chaudhary, Sanjay Kumar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are satisfied by diesel power stations. The operation of such stations has negative economic and environmental, microgrids, photovoltaics, renewable penetration, wind power. I. INTRODUCTION Several autonomous power system to the grid. Diesel engine generators (DG) are installed for electricity supply. In order to save its fragile

Chaudhary, Sanjay

63

Green Power Marketing Abroad: Recent Experience and Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.............................................................................................................. 51 Italy power markets in the United States. Key findings include: · While market penetration rates for green power have typically been about 1%, the most successful markets have achieved penetration rates

64

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and K. Porter. 2011. Wind Power and Electricity Markets.41 6. Wind Power Priceat Various Levels of Wind Power Capacity Penetration Wind

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

INCREASING YIELDS AND BROADENING MARKETS: PROCESS INNOVATIONS IN THE MANUFACTURING OF ENERGY-SAVING WINDOW GLAZINGS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this project was to develop and implement advanced thin film process technology which would significantly improve the manufacturability of both static and dynamic high performance energy saving coatings for windows. The work done has been aimed at improvements to the process that will result in increases in yield, and this was divided into four main areas, dealing with improvements in substrate preparation methods, reductions in the incidence of problems caused by particulate contamination, use of in-situ optical monitoring to improve process control, and overall system integration to enable simplified, and therefore lower cost operation. Significant progress has been made in each of the areas. In the area of substrate preparation, the enhanced washing techniques which have been developed, in combination with a new inspection technique, have resulted in significant reductions in the number of EC devices which are rejected because of substrate problems. Microscopic inspection of different defects in electrochromic devices showed that many were centered on particles. As a result, process improvements aimed at reducing the incidence of particles throughout the entire process have been implemented. As a result, the average number of defects occurring per unit area has been significantly reduced over the period of this project. The in-situ monitoring techniques developed during this project have become an indispensable part of the processing for EC devices. The deposition of several key layers is controlled as a result of in-situ monitoring, and this has facilitated significant improvements in uniformity and repeatability. Overall system integration has progressed to the stage where the goal of a closed-loop monitoring and control system in within reach, and it is anticipated that this will be achieved during the scale-up phase. There has been a clear increase in the yield occurring over the period of this project (Sept 1999 to September 2003), which is attributable to a range of process improvements implemented as a result of this work. It is anticipated that the yield will increase further as a result of these ongoing programs. The manufacturability of these advanced glazing systems has also been significantly improved, by a variety of different measures such as in-situ monitoring, system integration, and measurements taken to reduce the incidence of defects caused by contamination. It is therefore anticipated that the transfer of this performance to the new coating equipment to be introduced during scale-up to the first manufacturing plant will be reasonably straightforward.

Mark Burdis; Neil Sbar

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Evaluation of a marketing program designed to increase consumer consideration of energy-efficient products in Denver, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

A demonstration marketing program to sensitize Denver homeowners to incorporate the energy cost of ownership orientation in their decision process regarding purchase of energy-efficient products is described. Personal interviews with Denver homeowners were conducted. A first survey established a baseline for consumer awareness and acceptance of energy conservation and conservation-related products and provided information which could be utilized in developing marketing strategies related to energy conservation and the concept of energy cost of ownership. A second survey measured shifts in awareness and attitudes which might have occurred as a result of the marketing demonstration program. The methodology and results of the evaluation are discussed in detail. The Denver Test Market Media Campaign conducted through multi-media advertising and public relations campaigns to sensitize the residents to the positive consideraton of energy-efficient products is described. (MCW)

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

LED traffic signals: A market transformation opportunity assessment  

SciTech Connect

This report examines the feasibility and appropriateness of market intervention strategies to increase the penetration of LED traffic signals, which offer large energy savings and other benefits relative to existing incandescent traffic signals. It presents the state of the technology and some of the technical challenges that remain. Prepared for the Consortium for Energy Efficiency.

Suozzo, M.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

68

Voltage stability limits for weak power systems with high wind penetration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Analysis of power system voltage stability has practical value in increasing wind penetration levels. As wind penetration levels increase in power systems, voltage stability challenges (more)

Tamimi, Ala

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Enabling Technologies for High Penetration of Wind and Solar Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High penetration of variable wind and solar electricity generation will require modifications to the electric power system. This work examines the impacts of variable generation, including uncertainty, ramp rate, ramp range, and potentially excess generation. Time-series simulations were performed in the Texas (ERCOT) grid where different mixes of wind, solar photovoltaic and concentrating solar power provide up to 80% of the electric demand. Different enabling technologies were examined, including conventional generator flexibility, demand response, load shifting, and energy storage. A variety of combinations of these technologies enabled low levels of surplus or curtailed wind and solar generation depending on the desired penetration of renewable sources. At lower levels of penetration (up to about 30% on an energy basis) increasing flexible generation, combined with demand response may be sufficient to accommodate variability and uncertainty. Introduction of load-shifting through real-time pricing or other market mechanisms further increases the penetration of variable generation. The limited time coincidence of wind and solar generation presents increasing challenges as these sources provide greater than 50% of total demand. System flexibility must be increased to the point of virtually eliminating must-run baseload generators during periods of high wind and solar generation. Energy storage also becomes increasingly important as lower cost flexibility options are exhausted. The study examines three classes of energy storage - electricity storage, including batteries and pumped hydro, hybrid storage (compressed-air energy storage), and thermal energy storage. Ignoring long-distance transmission options, a combination of load shifting and storage equal to about 12 hours of average demand may keep renewable energy curtailment below 10% in the simulated system.

Denholm, P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Penetration Scenarios  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report examines the economic drivers, technology constraints, and market potential for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) in the U.S. A PHEV is a hybrid vehicle with batteries that can be recharged by connecting to the grid and an internal combustion engine that can be activated when batteries need recharging. The report presents and examines a series of PHEV market penetration scenarios. Based on input received from technical experts and industry representative contacted for this report and data obtained through a literature review, annual market penetration rates for PHEVs are presented from 2013 through 2045 for three scenarios. Each scenario is examined and implications for PHEV development are explored.

Balducci, Patrick J.

2008-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

71

Market potential for electrolytic hydrogen  

SciTech Connect

By the year 2000, the potential market for advanced-technology electrolytic hydrogen among specialty users is projected to be about half of what the merchant hydrogen market would be in the absence of electrolytic hydrogen. This potential market, representing an annual demand of about 16 billion SCF of hydrogen, will develop from market penetrations of electrolyzers assumed to begin in the early 1980s. 6 refs.

Fein, E.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Weld penetration and defect control  

SciTech Connect

Highly engineered designs increasingly require the use of improved materials and sophisticated manufacturing techniques. To obtain optimal performance from these engineered products, improved weld properties and joint reliability are a necessarily. This requirement for improved weld performance and reliability has led to the development of high-performance welding systems in which pre-programmed parameters are specified before any welding takes place. These automated systems however lack the ability to compensate for perturbations which arise during the welding process. Hence the need for systems which monitor and control the in-process status of the welding process. This report discusses work carried out on weld penetration indicators and the feasibility of using these indicators for on-line penetration control.

Chin, B.A.

1992-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

73

Examination of Potential Benefits of an Energy Imbalance Market in the Western Interconnection  

SciTech Connect

In the Western Interconnection, there is significant interest in improving approaches to wide-area coordinated operations of the bulk electric power system, in part because of the increasing penetration of variable generation. One proposed solution is an energy imbalance market. This study focused on that approach alone, with the goal of identifying the potential benefits of an energy imbalance market in the year 2020.

Milligan, M.; Clark, K.; King, J.; Kirby, B.; Guo, T.; Liu, G.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Corn Ethanol and Wildlife: How are Policy and Market Driven Increases in Corn Plantings Affecting Habitat and Wildlife.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Since 2005, government incentives have driven massive growth in the corn ethanol industry, increasing demand for corn for ethanol by 200%. Corn prices have risen (more)

Griffin, Elizabeth; Glaser, Aviva; Fogel, Gregory; Johnson, Kristen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Projecting market demand for residential heat pumps  

SciTech Connect

Primarily because of technological improvements and sharp increases in energy prices after the 1970s energy crises, the sale of residential electric heat pumps rose ninefold from 1970 to 1983. This report describes current and future market demand for heat pumps used for space heating and cooling. A three-step approach was followed. In the first step, the historical growth of residential electric heat pumps was analyzed, and factors that may have affected market growth were examined. Also examined were installation trends of heat pumps in new single-family and multifamily homes. A market segmentation analysis was used to estimate market size by categories. In the second step, several methods for forecasting future market demand were reviewed and evaluated to select the most suitable one for this study. The discrete-choice approach was chosen. In the third step, a market penetration model based on selected discrete-choice methods was developed to project heat pump demand in key market segments such as home type (single-family or multifamily), new or existing construction, and race-ethnic origin of household (black, Hispanic, or white).

Teotia, A.P.S.; Raju, P.S.; Karvelas, D.; Anderson, J.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

2010 Fuel Cell Technologies Market Report, June 2011  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes 2010 data on fuel cells, including market penetration and industry trends. It also covers cost, price, and performance trends, along with policy and market drivers and the future outlook for fuel cells.

Not Available

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Optimization of time-based rates in forward energy markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a new two-step design approach of Time-Based Rate (TBR) programs for markets with a high penetration of variable energy sources such as wind power. First, an optimal market time horizon must be determined ...

Wang, J.

78

Reliability and Markets Program Information  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Summary of the Tranmission Reliability program's Reliability and Markets activity area. The program helps to increase grid reliability and reduce costs for customers using integrated market and...

79

NREL: Energy Analysis - Market Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market Analysis The laboratory's market analysis helps increase the use of renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) technologies in the marketplace by providing strategic...

80

Overview: Hard Rock Penetration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Hard Rock Penetration program is developing technology to reduce the costs of drilling and completing geothermal wells. Current projects include: lost circulation control, rock penetration mechanics, instrumentation, and industry/DOE cost shared projects of the Geothermal Drilling organization. Last year, a number of accomplishments were achieved in each of these areas. A new flow meter being developed to accurately measure drilling fluid outflow was tested extensively during Long Valley drilling. Results show that this meter is rugged, reliable, and can provide useful measurements of small differences in fluid inflow and outflow rates. By providing early indications of fluid gain or loss, improved control of blow-out and lost circulation problems during geothermal drilling can be expected. In the area of downhole tools for lost circulation control, the concept of a downhole injector for injecting a two-component, fast-setting cementitious mud was developed. DOE filed a patent application for this concept during FY 91. The design criteria for a high-temperature potassium, uranium, thorium logging tool featuring a downhole data storage computer were established, and a request for proposals was submitted to tool development companies. The fundamental theory of acoustic telemetry in drill strings was significantly advanced through field experimentation and analysis. A new understanding of energy loss mechanisms was developed.

Dunn, J.C.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Overview - Hard Rock Penetration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Hard Rock Penetration program is developing technology to reduce the costs of drilling and completing geothermal wells. Current projects include: lost circulation control, rock penetration mechanics, instrumentation, and industry/DOE cost shared projects of the Geothermal Drilling Organization. Last year, a number of accomplishments were achieved in each of these areas. A new flow meter being developed to accurately measure drilling fluid outflow was tested extensively during Long Valley drilling. Results show that this meter is rugged, reliable, and can provide useful measurements of small differences in fluid inflow and outflow rates. By providing early indications of fluid gain or loss, improved control of blow-out and lost circulation problems during geothermal drilling can be expected. In the area of downhole tools for lost circulation control, the concept of a downhole injector for injecting a two-component, fast-setting cementitious mud was developed. DOE filed a patent application for this concept during FY 91. The design criteria for a high-temperature potassium, uranium, thorium logging tool featuring a downhole data storage computer were established, and a request for proposals was submitted to tool development companies. The fundamental theory of acoustic telemetry in drill strings was significantly advanced through field experimentation and analysis. A new understanding of energy loss mechanisms was developed.

Dunn, James C.

1992-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

82

Overview: Hard Rock Penetration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Hard Rock Penetration program is developing technology to reduce the costs of drilling and completing geothermal wells. Current projects include: lost circulation control, rock penetration mechanics, instrumentation, and industry/DOE cost shared projects of the Geothermal Drilling organization. Last year, a number of accomplishments were achieved in each of these areas. A new flow meter being developed to accurately measure drilling fluid outflow was tested extensively during Long Valley drilling. Results show that this meter is rugged, reliable, and can provide useful measurements of small differences in fluid inflow and outflow rates. By providing early indications of fluid gain or loss, improved control of blow-out and lost circulation problems during geothermal drilling can be expected. In the area of downhole tools for lost circulation control, the concept of a downhole injector for injecting a two-component, fast-setting cementitious mud was developed. DOE filed a patent application for this concept during FY 91. The design criteria for a high-temperature potassium, uranium, thorium logging tool featuring a downhole data storage computer were established, and a request for proposals was submitted to tool development companies. The fundamental theory of acoustic telemetry in drill strings was significantly advanced through field experimentation and analysis. A new understanding of energy loss mechanisms was developed.

Dunn, J.C.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Monolithic ballasted penetrator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a monolithic ballasted penetrator capable of delivering a working payload to a hardened target, such as reinforced concrete. The invention includes a ballast made from a dense heavy material insert and a monolithic case extending along an axis and consisting of a high-strength steel alloy. The case includes a nose end containing a hollow portion in which the ballast is nearly completely surrounded so that no movement of the ballast relative to the case is possible during impact with a hard target. The case is cast around the ballast, joining the two parts together. The ballast may contain concentric grooves or protrusions that improve joint strength between the case and ballast. The case further includes a second hollow portion; between the ballast and base, which has a payload fastened within this portion. The penetrator can be used to carry instrumentation to measure the geologic character of the earth, or properties of arctic ice, as they pass through it.

Hickerson, Jr., James P. (Cedar Crest, NM); Zanner, Frank J. (Sandia Park, NM); Baldwin, Michael D. (Albuquerque, NM); Maguire, Michael C. (Worcester, MA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Photovoltaic markets: a review and assessment  

SciTech Connect

Available information on potential markets for photovoltaic power systems is reviewed. A set of key parameters which affect the rate of photovoltaic market penetration is used to develop a simple anaytical structure that characterizes potential markets. Completed studies on photovoltaic markets were reviewed to describe potential markets using this structure. Selected markets were then examined in greater detail in a market demand workshop attended by potential purchasers in these markets. Available information, while sufficient to provide a rudimentary indication of how markets might develop, does not allow the construction of any single market scenario in which a high level of confidence can be placed. Major uncertainties in the available information on photovoltaic markets are highlighted.

Posner, D. M.

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Universal penetration test apparatus with fluid penetration sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A universal penetration test apparatus is described for measuring resistance of a material to a challenge fluid. The apparatus includes a pad saturated with the challenge fluid. The apparatus includes a compression assembly for compressing the material between the pad and a compression member. The apparatus also includes a sensor mechanism for automatically detecting when the challenge fluid penetrates the material. 23 figs.

Johnson, P.W.; Stampfer, J.F.; Bradley, O.D.

1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

86

Future market for ceramics in vehicle engines and their impacts  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ceramic engine components have potential to improve vehicle fuel economy. Some recent tests have also shown their environmental benefits, particularly in reducing particulate emissions in heavy-duty diesel engines. The authors used the data from a survey of the US vehicle engine and component manufacturers relating to ceramic engine components to develop a set of market penetration models. The survey identified promising ceramic components and provided data on the timing of achieving introductory shares in light and heavy-duty markets. Some ceramic components will penetrate the market when the pilot-scale costs are reduced to one-fifth of their current values, and many more will enter the market when the costs are reduced to one-tenth of the current values. An ongoing ceramics research program sponsored by the US Department of Energy has the goal of achieving such price reductions. The size and value of the future ceramic components market and the impacts of this market in terms of fuel savings, reduction in carbon dioxide emissions, and potential reduction in other criteria pollutants are presented. The future ceramic components market will be 9 million components worth $29 million within 5 years of introduction and will expand to 692 million components worth $3,484 million within 20 years. The projected annual energy savings are 3.8 trillion Btu by 5 years, increasing to 526 trillion Btu during the twentieth year. These energy savings will reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 41 million tons during the twentieth year. Ceramic components will help reduce particulate emissions by 100 million tons in 2030 and save the nation`s urban areas $152 million. The paper presents the analytical approach and discusses other economic impacts.

Vyas, A.; Hanson, D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research; Stodolsky, F. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research]|[Argonne National Lab., Washington, DC (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Practice Prize Winner---Creating a Measurable Social Media Marketing Strategy: Increasing the Value and ROI of Intangibles and Tangibles for Hokey Pokey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hokey Pokey, a popular super premium ice cream retailer, has over a dozen outlets based in India. Hokey Pokey offers customized mix-in flavors and realizes the importance of social media platforms to connect with its target ... Keywords: ROI, customer influence effect, customer influence value, social media marketing campaign

V. Kumar, Vikram Bhaskaran, Rohan Mirchandani, Milap Shah

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Estimating Demand Response Market Potential Among Large Commercial and Industrial Customers: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Program Participation Rates on Demand Response MarketTable 3-1. Methods of Estimating Demand Response PenetrationDemand Response

Goldman, Charles; Hopper, Nicole; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Neenan, Bernie; Cappers, Peter

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Market Transformation Fact Sheet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transformation Market Transformation is based on the concept that federal support can catalyze a market to achieve economic and environmental benefits that can reduce costs through economies of scale. Adoption of fuel cells in emerging markets expands the growth of green jobs, with new opportunities in manufacturing, fuel cell maintenance and support systems, and domestic hydrogen fuel production and delivery. By providing reliable field operations data and increasing user confidence, early market deployments help overcome non-technical challenges like developing appropriate safety codes and standards and reducing high insurance costs. Strategies Market Transformation's primary goal is to accelerate the expansion of hydrogen and fuel cell use by lowering the life

90

Collusion MARKET PERFORMANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advocates of deregulating electricity markets claimed that allowing competition would benefit consumers by increasing efficiency and reducing costs. They viewed electricity as a commodity much like any other, and overlooked the ways in which electricitys many distinct features hinder the development of competitive market structures. While competitive features were introduced into electricity markets in the last 10 years, the necessary elements for the market structure of competitionlarge number of sellers, ease of entry, and transparency of informationare still not in place. 1 This bibliography was prepared as an addendum to the 2006 Performance Review of Electric Power Markets

Kenneth Rose, Ph.D.; Karl Meeusen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

NREL Market Analysis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL Market Analysis NREL Market Analysis Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: NREL Market analysis Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis Website: www.nrel.gov/analysis/market_analysis.html NREL Market analysis Screenshot References: NREL Market analysis[1] Summary "The laboratory's market analysis helps increase the use of renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) technologies in the marketplace by providing strategic information to stakeholders interested in rapidly changing electricity markets. Our high-quality and objective crosscutting assessments and analysis support informed decision making. Primary focuses include:" Energy Technology/Program Cost, Performance, and Market Data

92

Natural Gas Market Outlook: Through 2020  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Market Outlook: Through 2020. Continued optimism about market growth (32 Tcf in 2020) Increasing wellhead prices to $2.81 Mcf ($98) in 2020

93

Management of Active Distribution Networks with High Penetration of Distributed Generation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The penetration of distributed generation and wind power in particular is expected to increase significantly over the coming years, and a huge shift in control, (more)

Arram, Ahmed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

System-Wide Emissions Implications of Increased Wind Power Penetration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute: Palo Alto, CA, 1993; 8.15- 8.79. (19) The Emissions & Generation Resource Integrated Database (eGRID

Kemner, Ken

95

Value of Storage with Increased Penetration of Renewable Generation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and discharge rates, max ramp rates, other? - Include default values from CAES, flywheel, battery, and pumped hydro technologies Add economics - Generation and NERC Fines...

96

Distributed Energy Resources Market Diffusion Model  

SciTech Connect

Distributed generation (DG) technologies, such as gas-fired reciprocating engines and microturbines, have been found to be economically beneficial in meeting commercial-sector electrical, heating, and cooling loads. Even though the electric-only efficiency of DG is lower than that offered by traditional central stations, combined heat and power (CHP) applications using recovered heat can make the overall system energy efficiency of distributed energy resources (DER) greater. From a policy perspective, however, it would be useful to have good estimates of penetration rates of DER under various economic and regulatory scenarios. In order to examine the extent to which DER systems may be adopted at a national level, we model the diffusion of DER in the US commercial building sector under different technical research and technology outreach scenarios. In this context, technology market diffusion is assumed to depend on the system's economic attractiveness and the developer's knowledge about the technology. The latter can be spread both by word-of-mouth and by public outreach programs. To account for regional differences in energy markets and climates, as well as the economic potential for different building types, optimal DER systems are found for several building types and regions. Technology diffusion is then predicted via two scenarios: a baseline scenario and a program scenario, in which more research improves DER performance and stronger technology outreach programs increase DER knowledge. The results depict a large and diverse market where both optimal installed capacity and profitability vary significantly across regions and building types. According to the technology diffusion model, the West region will take the lead in DER installations mainly due to high electricity prices, followed by a later adoption in the Northeast and Midwest regions. Since the DER market is in an early stage, both technology research and outreach programs have the potential to increase DER adoption, and thus, shift building energy consumption to a more efficient alternative.

Maribu, Karl Magnus; Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui,Afzal S.

2006-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

97

Distributed Energy Resources Market Diffusion Model  

SciTech Connect

Distributed generation (DG) technologies, such as gas-fired reciprocating engines and microturbines, have been found to be economically beneficial in meeting commercial-sector electrical, heating, and cooling loads. Even though the electric-only efficiency of DG is lower than that offered by traditional central stations, combined heat and power (CHP) applications using recovered heat can make the overall system energy efficiency of distributed energy resources (DER) greater. From a policy perspective, however, it would be useful to have good estimates of penetration rates of DER under various economic and regulatory scenarios. In order to examine the extent to which DER systems may be adopted at a national level, we model the diffusion of DER in the US commercial building sector under different technical research and technology outreach scenarios. In this context, technology market diffusion is assumed to depend on the system's economic attractiveness and the developer's knowledge about the technology. The latter can be spread both by word-of-mouth and by public outreach programs. To account for regional differences in energy markets and climates, as well as the economic potential for different building types, optimal DER systems are found for several building types and regions. Technology diffusion is then predicted via two scenarios: a baseline scenario and a program scenario, in which more research improves DER performance and stronger technology outreach programs increase DER knowledge. The results depict a large and diverse market where both optimal installed capacity and profitability vary significantly across regions and building types. According to the technology diffusion model, the West region will take the lead in DER installations mainly due to high electricity prices, followed by a later adoption in the Northeast and Midwest regions. Since the DER market is in an early stage, both technology research and outreach programs have the potential to increase DER adoption, and thus, shift building energy consumption to a more efficient alternative.

Maribu, Karl Magnus; Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui,Afzal S.

2006-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

98

Modeling the U.S. Rooftop Photovoltaics Market  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Global rooftop PV markets are growing rapidly, fueled by a combination of declining PV prices and several policy-based incentives. The future growth, and size, of the rooftop market is highly dependent on continued PV cost reductions, financing options, net metering policy, carbon prices and future incentives. Several PV market penetration models, sharing a similar structure and methodology, have been developed over the last decade to quantify the impacts of these factors on market growth. This study uses a geospatially rich, bottom-up, PV market penetration model--the Solar Deployment Systems (SolarDS) model developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory--to explore key market and policy-based drivers for residential and commercial rooftop PV markets. The identified drivers include a range of options from traditional incentives, to attractive customer financing options, to net metering and carbon policy.

Drury, E.; Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Market Transformation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its market transformation subprogram.

Not Available

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Coal markets squeeze producers  

SciTech Connect

Supply/demand fundamentals seem poised to keep prices of competing fossil fuels high, which could cushion coal prices, but increased mining and transportation costs may squeeze producer profits. Are markets ready for more volatility?

Ryan, M.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Method and Case Study for Estimating the Ramping Capability of a Control Area or Balancing Authority and Implications for Moderate or High Wind Penetration: Preprint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In several regions of the United States there has been a significant increase in wind generation capability over the past several years. As the penetration rate of wind capacity increases, grid operators and planners are increasingly concerned about accommodating the increased variability that wind contributes to the system. In this paper we examine the distinction between regulation, load following, hourly energy, and energy imbalance to understand how restructured power systems accommodate and value inter-hour ramps. We use data from two restructured markets, California and PJM, and from Western Area Power Administration's (WAPA's) Rocky Mountain control area to determine expected load-following capability in each region. Our approach is to examine the load-following capability that currently exists using data from existing generators in the region. We then examine the levels of wind penetration that can be accommodated with this capability using recently collected wind farm data. We discuss how load-following costs are captured in restructured markets, what resources are available to meet these requirements, why there are no explicit load-following tariffs, and the societal importance of being able to access generator ramping capability. Finally, the implications for wind plants and wind integration costs are examined.

Kirby, B.; Milligan, M.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Market power in the England and Wales wholesale electricity [market, 1995-2000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper shows that generators exercised increasing market power in the England and Wales wholesale electricity market in the second half of the 1990s despite declining market concentration. It examines whether this was ...

Sweeting, Andrew

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Capacity Markets and Market Stability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The good news is that market stability can be achieved through a combination of longer-term contracts, auctions for far enough in the future to permit new entry, a capacity management system, and a demand curve. The bad news is that if and when stable capacity markets are designed, the markets may seem to be relatively close to where we started - with integrated resource planning. Market ideologues will find this anathema. (author)

Stauffer, Hoff

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

104

District heating and cooling market assessment  

SciTech Connect

For more than 10 years, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has supported research on and development of district steam, hot-water, and chilled-water systems in the residential and commercial sectors. In 1991, DOE sponsored a research project at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) to reestimate the national market for district heating and cooling (DHC) systems to the year 2010. ANL had previously developed a DHC market-penetration model and used it to project future market penetration. The first step in the project was to conduct a literature search to identify major data sources on historical DHC markets and any past studies on the future market potential of DHC systems. On the basis of an evaluation of the available data and methodologies for estimating market penetration of new technologies, it was concluded that ANL should develop a new econometric model for forecasting DHC markets. By using the 1989 DOE/Energy Information Administration Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Surveys (CBECS) public-use-tape data, a model was estimated for steam, hot-water, and chilled-water demand in the buildings surveyed. The model provides estimates of building steam, hot-water, and chilled-water consumption and expenditures between now and the year 2010. The analysis shows that the total U.S. market for district steam, hot water, and chilled water could grow from 0.8 quadrillion British thermal units (quad) in 1989 to 1.0 quad by 2000 and 1.25 quad by 2010. The demand for chilled water could nearly double in the forecast period, and its share could approach one-third of the total DHC market. This model, and the results, should be of use to policymakers, researchers, and market participants involved in the planning and implementation of community-based, energy-conserving, and environmentally beneficial energy systems.

Teotia, A.P.S.; Karvelas, D.E.; Daniels, E.J.; Anderson, J.L.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Mitigation of atmospheric carbon emissions through increased energy efficiency versus increased non-carbon energy sources: A trade study using a simplified {open_quotes}market-free{close_quotes} exogenously driven model  

SciTech Connect

A simplified model of global, long-term energy use is described and used to make a `top-level` comparison of two generic approaches for mitigating atmospheric carbon emissions: (a) those based on increased energy efficiency; and (b) those based on increased use of reduced- or non-carbon fuels. As approximate as is the model, first-order estimates of and trade offs between increasing non-carbon generation capacities (e.g., supply-side solutions) versus energy-use efficiency (e.g., demand-side solutions) to stem atmospheric carbon accumulations can be useful in guiding more elaborate models. At the level of this analysis, both the costs of abatement and the costs of damage can be large, with the formation of benefit-to-cost ratios as a means of assessment being limited by uncertainties associated with relating given climatic responses to greenhouse warming to aggregate damage cost, as well as uncertainties associated with procedures used for multi-generation discounting of both abatement and damage costs. In view of uncertainties associated with both supply-side and demand-side approaches, as well as the estimation of greenhouse-warming responses per se, a combination of solutions seems prudent. Key findings are: (a) the relative insensitivity of the benefit-to-cost ratio adopted in this study to supply-side versus demand-side approaches to abating atmospheric carbon-dioxide emissions; (b) the extreme sensitivity of damage costs, abatement costs, and the related benefit-to-cost ratios to the combination of discounting procedure and the (time) concavity of the function used to relate global temperature rise to damage costs; and (c) no matter the discounting procedure and/or functional relationship between average temperature rise and a damage cost, a goal of increased per-capita gross world product at minimum damage suggests action now rather than delay.

Krakowski, R.A.

1997-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

106

Competition and Marketing on the Swedish Biofuel Markets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Bioenergy covers about 28% of Swedens energy demand and the percentage is steady increasing. The pellets and the bioethanol Swedish markets are the oldest and (more)

Folea, Ion; Nurul, Huda

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

MARKET BASED APPROACHES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BASED BASED APPROACHES K.G. DULEEP MANAGING DIRECTOR EEA BACKGROUND * Introduction of fuel-cell vehicles and jump- starting the market will require significant government actions in the near term * Widespread understanding that command- and-control regulations can work for only very low sales volume. * Increased public sales and acceptance will need development of market based policies. ANALYSIS OBJECTIVES * EEA currently evaluating a number of market based approaches to enhancing fuel economy of conventional and hybrid vehicles. * Primary objective of effort is to evaluate a range of market based approaches that can be implemented when FCV models are market ready, and identify ones that could make a difference. * Effort is in the context of modifying existing approaches to special needs of FCVs

108

Power Marketing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Remarketing Effort Hoover Coordinating Committee Meeting FY2011 - June 7 Mead Transformer Presentation Navajo Navajo Surplus Marketing Parker-Davis Parker-Davis Project...

109

Electricity Markets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electricity Markets Electricity Markets Researchers in the electricity markets area conduct technical, economic, and policy analysis of energy topics centered on the U.S. electricity sector. Current research seeks to inform public and private decision-making on public-interest issues related to energy efficiency and demand response, renewable energy, electricity resource and transmission planning, electricity reliability and distributed generation resources. Research is conducted in the following areas: Energy efficiency research focused on portfolio planning and market assessment, design and implementation of a portfolio of energy efficiency programs that achieve various policy objectives, utility sector energy efficiency business models, options for administering energy efficiency

110

Market Transformation  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This Fuel Cell Technologies Program fact sheet outlines current status and challenges in the market transformation of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies.

111

Power Marketing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Certificate Solicitations Benefit Review Energy Services Rates and Repayment WindHydro Integration Feasibility Study Send correspondence to: Power Marketing Manager Western...

112

Analysis of industrial markets for low and medium Btu coal gasification. [Forecasting  

SciTech Connect

Low- and medium-Btu gases (LBG and MBG) can be produced from coal with a variety of 13 existing and 25 emerging processes. Historical experience and previous studies indicate a large potential market for LBG and MBG coal gasification in the manufacturing industries for fuel and feedstocks. However, present use in the US is limited, and industry has not been making substantial moves to invest in the technology. Near-term (1979-1985) market activity for LBG and MBG is highly uncertain and is complicated by a myriad of pressures on industry for energy-related investments. To assist in planning its program to accelerate the commercialization of LBG and MBG, the Department of Energy (DOE) contracted with Booz, Allen and Hamilton to characterize and forecast the 1985 industrial market for LBG and MBG coal gasification. The study draws five major conclusions: (1) There is a large technically feasible market potential in industry for commercially available equipment - exceeding 3 quadrillion Btu per year. (2) Early adopters will be principally steel, chemical, and brick companies in described areas. (3) With no additional Federal initiatives, industry commitments to LBG and MBG will increase only moderately. (4) The major barriers to further market penetration are lack of economic advantage, absence of significant operating experience in the US, uncertainty on government environmental policy, and limited credible engineering data for retrofitting industrial plants. (5) Within the context of generally accepted energy supply and price forecasts, selected government action can be a principal factor in accelerating market penetration. Each major conclusion is discussed briefly and key implications for DOE planning are identified.

1979-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

113

In-place HEPA filter penetration test  

SciTech Connect

We have demonstrated the feasibility of conducting penetration tests on high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters as installed in nuclear ventilation systems. The in-place penetration test, which is designed to yield equivalent penetration measurements as the standard DOP efficiency test, is based on measuring the aerosol penetration of the filter installation as a function of particle size using a portable laser particle counter. This in-place penetration test is compared to the current in-place leak test using light scattering photometers for single HEPA filter installations and for HEPA filter plenums using the shroud method. Test results show the in-place penetration test is more sensitive than the in-place leak test, has a similar operating procedure, but takes longer to conduct. Additional tests are required to confirm that the in-place penetration test yields identical results as the standard dioctyl phthalate (DOP) penetration test for HEPA filters with controlled leaks in the filter and gasket and duct by-pass leaks. Further development of the procedure is also required to reduce the test time before the in- place penetration test is practical.

Bergman, W.; Wilson, kK.; Elliott, J.; Bettencourt, B.; Slawski, J.W.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Market theories evolve, and so do markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Study of Competitive Market Behavior," Journal of PoliticalContinuous Double Auction Markets. International Journal ofeds. ), The Dynamics of Market Exchange, North-Holland, 115-

Friedman, Daniel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Analysis of the impact of federal tax incentives on market diffusion for solar thermal/WECS technologies 1980-1990. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The technical appendices include: an estimate of the additional industrial energy services market from 1980-1990; data and assumptions used to develop the technology cost information, which is in turn used to devlop market penetration model and forecasts, market penetration models for space and direct heat and process heat; financial, equipment cost, and performance parameters for performing market penetration study; capital and operating and maintenance costs for conventional industrial energy systems and for solar energy systems with conventional backup; a review of market diffusion models for new industrial energy supply technologies; and financial formulae. (LEW)

1981-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

How can companies increase their market share?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This masters thesis is the work of Charlotte Wallin at Blekinge Institute of Technology the summer and autumn 2007. The aim of this master thesis (more)

Wallin, Charlotte

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Changing World Product Markets and Potential Refining Capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Changing World Product Markets and Potential Refining Capacity Increases. NPRA Annual Meeting March 2006

118

Market-analysis system for conservation technologies. Draft final report  

SciTech Connect

A prototype market analysis methodology to provide DOE decision makers guidance in evaluating and selecting strategies that promote energy conservation technologies is discussed. The methodology, named MASCOT (Market Analysis System for COnservation Technologies), was designed for the residential water heating market. However, the basic logic can be extended to other market segments, such as space heating and conditioning, and the commercial sector. MASCOT forecasts the market performance of any arbitrary set of technologies that the user chooses. The methodology captures the time-varying effects of technological and economic changes in the market, determines the critical features for new water heating technologies, calculates the likely energy impacts from the use of the actual technologies, and provides information concerning the sensitivity of the results to assumptions about market conditions, technology characteristics, and the factors underlying market penetration. (PSB)

Morris, P.A.; Thapa, M.N.; Bauman, D.S.; Froker, D.B.

1981-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

119

Definition: Penetration Rate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Penetration Rate Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Penetration Rate The Rate of penetration, abbreviated as ROP as used in the drilling industry, is the speed at which a drill bit breaks the rock under it to deepen the borehole. It is normally measured in feet per minute or meters per hour, but sometimes it is expressed in minutes per foot.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The Rate of penetration, abbreviated as ROP as used in the drilling industry, is the speed at which a drill bit breaks the rock under it to deepen the borehole. Also known as penetration rate or drill rate. It is normally measured in feet per minute or meters per hour, but sometimes it is expressed in minutes per foot.

120

Probability-Weighted LMP and RCP for Day-Ahead Energy Markets using Stochastic Security-Constrained Unit Commitment: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Variable renewable generation resources are increasing their penetration on electric power grids. These resources have weather-driven fuel sources that vary on different time scales and are difficult to predict in advance. These characteristics create challenges for system operators managing the load balance on different timescales. Research is looking into new operational techniques and strategies that show great promise on facilitating greater integration of variable resources. Stochastic Security-Constrained Unit Commitment models are one strategy that has been discussed in literature and shows great benefit. However, it is rarely used outside the research community due to its computational limits and difficulties integrating with electricity markets. This paper discusses how it can be integrated into day-ahead energy markets and especially on what pricing schemes should be used to ensure an efficient and fair market.

Ela, E.; O'Malley, M.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Operating Reserve Reductions from a Proposed Energy Imbalance Market with Wind and Solar Generation in the Western Interconnection  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper considers several alternative forms of an energy imbalance market (EIM) proposed in the nonmarket areas of the Western Interconnection. The proposed EIM includes two changes in operating practices that independently reduce variability and increase access to responsive resources: balancing authority cooperation and sub-hourly dispatch. As the penetration of variable generation increases on the power system, additional interest in coordination would likely occur. Several alternative approaches could be used, but consideration of any form of coordinated unit commitment is beyond the scope of this analysis. This report examines the benefits of several possible EIM implementations--both separately and in concert.

King, J.; Kirby, B.; Milligan, M.; Beuning, S.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Petroleum Marketing Annual, 1987  

SciTech Connect

In world crude oil markets, 1987 was a year of limited recovery and relative stability after the dramatic price slide of early 1986. Both foreign and domestic crude thereafter, ending the year somewhat higher than a year ago. In contrast, product wholesale markets remained relatively stable throughout the year, while retail prices sustained a fairly steady increase. As has been the case for over a decade, major price movements in international oil markets generally reflected responses to actual or perceived changes in the policies of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and/or its members. The year began with prices on an upward trend, in reaction to the December 1986 OPEC meeting in which the members resolved to return to an official pricing structure (a departure from the market-based pricing of 1986), and to reduce output quotas. Prices continued to rise until August, when evidence of continued OPEC overproduction appeared to outweigh market optimism, triggering a gradual slide that lasted the remainder of the year. Even with the downturn in the fourth quarter, crude oil markets in 1987, as measured by refiner acquisition costs, finished the year above year-end 1986 levels, and considerably above the lows reached in mid-1986. OPEC's struggle to maintain stable prices and production levels in 1987 reflected the organization's difficulties in reaching and enforcing agreements among its politically and economically diverse membership. 11 figs., 49 tabs.

1988-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

123

Forecasting the Wind to Reach Significant Penetration Levels of Wind Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advances in atmospheric science are critical to increased deployment of variable renewable energy (VRE) sources. For VRE sources, such as wind and solar, to reach high penetration levels in the nation's electric grid, electric system operators and VRE ...

Melinda Marquis; Jim Wilczak; Mark Ahlstrom; Justin Sharp; Andrew Stern; J. Charles Smith; Stan Calvert

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Energy Market Impacts of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... energy prices in the program cases lead to reduced travel and slightly higher penetration of hybrid and diesel cars. However, the increase ... mix of vehicles ...

125

Temporary fire sealing of penetrations on TFTR  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The radiation shielding provided for TFTR for D-D and D-T operation will be penetrated by numerous electrical and mechanical services. Eventually, these penetrations will have to be sealed to provide the required fire resistance, tritium sealability, pressure integrity and radiation attenuation. For the initial hydrogen operation, however, fire sealing of the penetrations in the walls and floor is the primary concern. This report provides a discussion of the required and desirable properties of a temporary seal which can be used to seal these penetrations for the hydrogen operation and then subsequently be removed and replaced as required for the D-D and D-T operations. Several candidate designs are discussed and evaluated and recommendations are made for specific applications.

Hondorp, H.L.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Radiosonde Penetration of an Undilute Cumulonimbus Anvil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An example is presented of the serendipitous radiosonde penetration through the western edge of a rapidly growing undilute cumulonimbus anvil above 200 mb by an operationally released radiosonde balloon. The sounding is supportive of deep ...

Lance F. Bosart; John W. Nielsen

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Advanced Modeling of Renewable Energy Market Dynamics: May 2006  

SciTech Connect

This report documents a year-long academic project, presenting selected techniques for analysis of market growth, penetration, and forecasting applicable to renewable energy technologies. Existing mathematical models were modified to incorporate the effects of fiscal policies and were evaluated using available data. The modifications were made based on research and classification of current mathematical models used for predicting market penetration. An analysis of the results was carried out, based on available data. MATLAB versions of existing and new models were developed for research and policy analysis.

Evans, M.; Little, R.; Lloyd, K.; Malikov, G.; Passolt, G.; Arent, D.; Swezey, B.; Mosey, G.

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Insights on the Road to Performance Excellence December ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Increasing market penetration. ... Expanding your markets. ... This may be accomplished by developing a storefront presence or a Web marketing site, ...

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

129

Ground Penetrating Imaging Radar Phase II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI project "Ground Penetrating Imaging Radar Phase II," also called the "GPiR Project," started in August 1998 at Schlumberger-Doll Research, a division of Schlumberger Technology Corporation. Its goal was to determine if modern ground-penetrating radar (GPR) could make three-dimensional (3D) images of buried utility lines accurate and detailed enough to help utility companies better manage their underground infrastructure. Work began with a comparison of commercial and prototype GPR systems in the lab...

2001-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

130

A review of market monitoring activities at U.S. independent system operators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and real- time markets Energy Offer Price an increase of $Energy Offers 26 Markets Conduct levels CAISO Real-time market Offer priceexamine prices in specific markets (e.g. , energy, capacity,

Goldman, Charles; Lesieutre, Bernie C.; Bartholomew, Emily

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Mobile Permission Marketing: Framing the Market Inquiry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The emergence of a mobile data infrastructure interconnected with the Internet and television marks the advent of a new marketing channel based on mobile messaging and complementary to traditional marketing channels and the Internet. Mobile marketing ... Keywords: Case Studies, Disruptive Technologies, Emerging Technologies, Firm Competencies, Mobile Internet, New Market Entrants, Permission-Based Marketing, Public Policy

Petros Kavassalis; Ntina Spyropoulou; Dimitris Drossos; Evangelos Mitrokostas; Gregory Gikas; Antonis Hatzistamatiou

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Transportation Market Distortions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transport Prices and Markets, Victoria Transport PolicySurvey: Survey Suggests Market-Based Vision of Smart Growth,G. 1996. Roads in a Market Economy, Avebury (Aldershot).

Litman, Todd

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Capacity Markets for Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designing Markets for Electricity. Wiley IEEE Press. [25]in the England and Wales Electricity Market, Power WorkingFelder (1996), Should Electricity Markets Have a Capacity

Creti, Anna; Fabra, Natalia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Information Markets and Aggregation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information Markets and Aggregation by Narahari Mohan PhatakSpring 2012 Information Markets and Aggregation CopyrightMohan Phatak Abstract Information Markets and Aggregation by

Phatak, Narahari Mohan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Capacity Markets for Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the prevailing PJM energy market price. The demand in thethe prevailing national energy market price. Last, suppliersraising the national energy market price cap P up to f, in

Creti, Anna; Fabra, Natalia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Oil Market Assessment  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Logo Oil Market Assessment - September Logo Oil Market Assessment - September 12, 2001 EIA Home Page Based on Energy Information Administration (EIA) contacts and trade press reports, overall U.S. and global oil supplies appear to have been minimally impacted by yesterday's terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Rumors of scattered closures of U.S. refineries, pipelines, and terminals were reported, and Louisiana Offshore Oil Port operations were partially suspended. While the NYMEX and New York Harbor were temporarily closed, operations are expected to resume soon. Most, if not all petroleum industry infrastructure is expected to resume normal operations today or in the very near term. Prices at all levels (where markets were open) posted increases yesterday, but many prices fell today, as initial reactions

137

Energy Sector Market Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of energy market analysis sponsored by the Department of Energy's (DOE) Weatherization and International Program (WIP) within the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). The analysis was conducted by a team of DOE laboratory experts from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), with additional input from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). The analysis was structured to identify those markets and niches where government can create the biggest impact by informing management decisions in the private and public sectors. The analysis identifies those markets and niches where opportunities exist for increasing energy efficiency and renewable energy use.

Arent, D.; Benioff, R.; Mosey, G.; Bird, L.; Brown, J.; Brown, E.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Aabakken, J.; Parks, K.; Lapsa, M.; Davis, S.; Olszewski, M.; Cox, D.; McElhaney, K.; Hadley, S.; Hostick, D.; Nicholls, A.; McDonald, S.; Holloman, B.

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Modeling and Analysis Session: Market, Value, and Policy Analysis (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Primary objectives: to provide a broad range of analytical support to the Solar Program; and to anticipate and respond to the rapidly evolving analytical needs of the Solar Program. Three broad types of analysis are being carried out under this project including: (1) Market analysis: Developing a PV market penetration model--the SolarDS model--and other tools, in order to gain insight into the factors influencing market penetration of PV technology in U.S. markets. (2) Value analysis: Providing inputs to, support for, and review of the annual GPRA benefits analysis. Also developing methods and tools for improving the quantification of the benefits and cost of solar technologies. (3) Policy analysis: Defining and carrying out analysis that meets the needs of the Solar Energy Technologies Program in a timely fashion, for example evaluating the potential role of solar in the energy economy in the long-term.

Margolis, R. M.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Markets for concentrating solar power  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The report describes the markets for concentrating solar power. As concentrating solar power technologies advance into the early stages of commercialization, their economic potential becomes more sharply defined and increasingly tangible.

Not Available

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Market Trends - Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Drivers Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2004 with Projections to 2025 Market Trends - Market Drivers Index (click to jump links) Trends in Economic Activity International Oil Markets Figure 38. Average annual growth rates of real GDP and economic factors, 1995-2025 (percent). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Trends in Economic Activity Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue The output of the Nation's economy, measured by gross domestic product (GDP), is projected to grow by 3.0 percent per year between 2002 and 2025 (with GDP based on 1996 chain-weighted dollars) (Figure 38). The projected growth rate is slightly lower than the 3.1-percent rate projected in AEO2003. The labor force is projected to increase by 0.9 percent per year

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Sunshot Initiative High Penetration Solar Portal  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The DOE SunShot Initiative is a collaborative national initiative to make solar energy cost-competitive with other forms of energy by the end of the decade. Reducing the installed cost of solar energy systems by about 75% will drive widespread large-scale adoption of this renewable energy and restore U.S. leadership in the global clean energy race. The High Penetration Solar Portal was created as a resource to aggregate the most relevant and timely information related to high penetration solar scenarios and integrating solar into the grid. The site is designed so that utilities, grant awardees, regulators, researchers, and other solar professionals can easily share data, case studies, lessons learned, and demonstration project findings. [copied from https://solarhighpen.energy.gov/about_the_high_penetration_solar_portal

142

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR EARTH PENETRATION  

SciTech Connect

A nuclear reactor apparatus for penetrating into the earth's crust is described. The apparatus comprises a cylindrical nuclear core operating at a temperature that is higher than the melting temperature of rock. A high-density ballast member is coupled to the nuclear core such that the overall density of the core-ballast assembly is greater than the density of molten rock. The nuclear core is thermally insulated so that its heat output is constrained to flow axially, with radial heat flow being minimized. In operation, the apparatus is placed in contact with the earth's crust at the point desired to be penetrated. The heat output of the reactor melts the underlying rock, and the apparatus sinks through the resulting magma. The fuel loading of the reactor core determines the ultimate depth of crust penetration. (AEC)

Adams, W.M.

1963-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

143

Optical penetration sensor for pulsed laser welding  

SciTech Connect

An apparatus and method for determining the penetration of the weld pool created from pulsed laser welding and more particularly to an apparatus and method of utilizing an optical technique to monitor the weld vaporization plume velocity to determine the depth of penetration. A light source directs a beam through a vaporization plume above a weld pool, wherein the plume changes the intensity of the beam, allowing determination of the velocity of the plume. From the velocity of the plume, the depth of the weld is determined.

Essien, Marcelino (Albuquerque, NM); Keicher, David M. (Albuquerque, NM); Schlienger, M. Eric (Albuquerque, NM); Jellison, James L. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience, Summary for Policymakers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Many countries -- reflecting very different geographies, markets, and power systems -- are successfully managing high levels of variable renewable energy on the electric grid, including that from wind and solar energy. This document summarizes policy best practices that energy ministers and other stakeholders can pursue to ensure that electricity markets and power systems can effectively coevolve with increasing penetrations of variable renewable energy. There is no one-size-fits-all approach; each country studied has crafted its own combination of policies, market designs, and system operations to achieve the system reliability and flexibility needed to successfully integrate renewables. Notwithstanding this diversity, the approaches taken by the countries studied all coalesce around five strategic areas: lead public engagement, particularly for new transmission; coordinate and integrate planning; develop rules for market evolution that enable system flexibility; expand access to diverse resources and geographic footprint of operations; and improve system operations. This study also emphatically underscores the value of countries sharing their experiences. The more diverse and robust the experience base from which a country can draw, the more likely that it will be able to implement an appropriate, optimized, and system-wide approach.

Cochran, J.; Bird, L.; Heeter, J.; Arent, D. A.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Many countries -- reflecting very different geographies, markets, and power systems -- are successfully managing high levels of variable renewable energy on the electric grid, including that from wind and solar energy. This study documents the diverse approaches to effective integration of variable renewable energy among six countries -- Australia (South Australia), Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Spain, and the United States (Western region-Colorado and Texas)-- and summarizes policy best practices that energy ministers and other stakeholders can pursue to ensure that electricity markets and power systems can effectively coevolve with increasing penetrations of variable renewable energy. Each country has crafted its own combination of policies, market designs, and system operations to achieve the system reliability and flexibility needed to successfully integrate renewables. Notwithstanding this diversity, the approaches taken by the countries studied all coalesce around five strategic areas: lead public engagement, particularly for new transmission; coordinate and integrate planning; develop rules for market evolution that enable system flexibility; expand access to diverse resources and geographic footprint of operations; and improve system operations. The ability to maintain a broad ecosystem perspective, to organize and make available the wealth of experiences, and to ensure a clear path from analysis to enactment should be the primary focus going forward.

Cochran, J.; Bird, L.; Heeter, J.; Arent, D. A.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Marketing Strategy Research  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the research that has been undertaken as background for preparation of a marketing campaign for middle and high school students to increase interest in national security careers at the National Nuclear Security Administration. This work is a part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP), being performed under a Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) grant. Previous research on the development of a properly trained and skilled national security workforce has identified a lack of interest by k-12 students in the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) fields. Further, participation in these careers by women and minority populations is limited and is not increasing. Added to this are low educational achievement levels in New Mexico, where the marketing campaign will be deployed.

None

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

147

SunShot Initiative: High Penetration Solar Deployment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High Penetration Solar Deployment High Penetration Solar Deployment to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: High Penetration Solar Deployment on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: High Penetration Solar Deployment on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: High Penetration Solar Deployment on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: High Penetration Solar Deployment on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: High Penetration Solar Deployment on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: High Penetration Solar Deployment on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Photovoltaics Systems Integration Research, Development, & Demonstration Competitive Awards Solar Utility Networks: Replicable Innovations in Solar Energy High Penetration Solar Deployment Grid Integration Advanced Concepts

148

Quantifying the value of hydropower in the electric grid : role of hydropower in existing markets.  

SciTech Connect

The electrical power industry is facing the prospect of integrating a significant addition of variable generation technologies in the next several decades, primarily from wind and solar facilities. Overall, transmission and generation reserve levels are decreasing and power system infrastructure in general is aging. To maintain grid reliability modernization and expansion of the power system as well as more optimized use of existing resources will be required. Conventional and pumped storage hydroelectric facilities can provide an increasingly significant contribution to power system reliability by providing energy, capacity and other ancillary services. However, the potential role of hydroelectric power will be affected by another transition that the industry currently experiences - the evolution and expansion of electricity markets. This evolution to market-based acquisition of generation resources and grid management is taking place in a heterogeneous manner. Some North American regions are moving toward full-featured markets while other regions operate without formal markets. Yet other U.S. regions are partially evolved. This report examines the current structure of electric industry acquisition of energy and ancillary services in different regions organized along different structures, reports on the current role of hydroelectric facilities in various regions, and attempts to identify features of market and scheduling areas that either promote or thwart the increased role that hydroelectric power can play in the future. This report is part of a larger effort led by the Electric Power Research Institute with purpose of examining the potential for hydroelectric facilities to play a greater role in balancing the grid in an era of greater penetration of variable renewable energy technologies. Other topics that will be addressed in this larger effort include industry case studies of specific conventional and hydro-electric facilities, systemic operating constraints on hydro-electric resources, and production cost simulations aimed at quantifying the increased role of hydro.

Loose, Verne W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Solid-State Lighting: Orchestrating Market Success: Seattle Market...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Orchestrating Market Success: Seattle Market Introduction Workshop Video to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Orchestrating Market Success: Seattle Market Introduction...

150

The investigation of the market disequilibrium in the stock market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigated stock market disequilibrium focusing on two topics: the impact of multiple market makers on the market disequilibrium at the market microstructure level, (more)

Park, Jin Suk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Group dynamics of the Japanese market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigated the network structures of the Japanese stock market through the minimum spanning tree. We defined grouping coefficient to test the validity of conventional grouping by industrial categories, and found a decreasing in trend for the coefficient. This phenomenon supports the increasing external influences on the market due to the globalization. To reduce this influence, we used S&P500 index as the international market and removed its correlation with every stock. We found stronger grouping in this measurement, compared to the original analysis, which agrees with our assumption that the international market influences to the Japanese market.

Jung, Woo-Sung; Wang, Fengzhong; Kaizoji, Taisei; Moon, Hie-Tae; Stanley, H Eugene

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Nonferrous Metal Melting -- Marketing Kit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The industrial sector increasingly relies on electric furnaces for nonferrous metal melting due to declining electricity cost, greater use of recycled secondary nonferrous materials, and tightened environmental regulations. This Nonferrous Metal Melting -- Marketing Kit is designed to help utility sales and marketing personnel perform a progressive analysis of electrotechnology applications in nonferrous metal melting systems. The kit is designed for utility personnel who have limited knowledge of the no...

2000-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

153

Editorial: Does Good Marketing Cause Bad Unemployment?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Questionable methods for increasing nominal wages reduce real wages (i.e., buying power) by creating inflation, shortages, lower quality, and long-term unemployment. To increase real wages (i.e., the ability to buy more), economic principles prescribe ... Keywords: Wal-Mart, benefits, consumer-driven organizations, customer-driven orientation, inflation, low prices, low-prices, market-based economy, marketing principles, marketing theory, trade unions, unemployment, wages

Steven M. Shugan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Lagrangian finite element analysis of the penetration of earth penetrating weapons  

SciTech Connect

Buried targets, such as hardened missile silos, that are resistant to the effects of air blast from above-ground or surface-burst explosions may be vulnerable to the effects of ground motion produced by nearby underground explosions. An earth penetrating weapon (EPW) is being developed to exploit this phenomena. To design the EPW system, loads on the weapon due to the penetration event must be determined. This paper presents the methodology for performing Lagrangian finite-element analysis of the penetration event in two and three dimensions. In order to describe the methodology, results from analyses done for a particular EPW impacting a particular target medium are presented. The results for impacts with nonzero angles of incidence and nonzero angles of attack show the importance of being able to calculate three dimensional penetration loads. 62 figs.

Rosinsky, R.W.

1985-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

155

Markets for compost  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table of Contents: Introduction; Characteristics and Benefits of Compost and Competing/Complementary Products; Compost Uses and Markets; Factors Pertinent to Developing Compost Markets; Compost Specifications; Compost Testing Requirements; Compost Distribution; Compost Policies; Economic and Noneconomic Barriers to Developing Compost Markets; Strategies to Mitigate/Overcome Barriers to Developing Compost Markets; and Examples of Existing Programs and Markets (as of 1989).

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Market potential for electrolytic hydrogen. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The economics of hydrogen production by the major users of hydrogen (petroleum refiners and manufacturers of ammonia and methanol) favor the continued use of fossil fuels for hydrogen generation. However, there are a large number of miscellaneous small users for whom hydrogen produced by advanced electrolyzers may become economically attractive. Many of these small users, with hydrogen demands of < 0.5 million SCF per day, purchase their hydrogen requirements from industrial gas suppliers. Forseeable improvements in current electrolyzer technology, which will reduce plant capital costs and improve plant performance and efficiency, may make electrolytic hydrogen competitive with purchased hydrogen for many specialty users. This study analyzed the small user hydrogen market. Telephone interviews were conducted with representative hydrogen users in the chemical, pharmaceutical, electronics, metals, fats and oils, and float glass industries to determine the decision factors governing the choice of their hydrogen supply. Cost projections to the year 2000 for production of hydrogen by advanced electrolyzers were made and compared with price projections for merchant hydrogen, and the estimates of the potential market for each of the industrial sub-sectors were determined. By the year 2000, the potential market for advanced technology electrolytic hydrogen among specialty users is projected to be about half of what the merchant hydrogen market would be in the absence of electrolytic hydrogen. This potential market, representing an annual demand of about 16 billion SCF of hydrogen, will develop from market penetrations of electrolyzers assumed to begin in the early 1980s.

Fein, E.; Mathey, C.J.; Arnstein, C.

1979-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Market Organization and Market Efficiency in Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity markets in the United States exhibit two different forms of organization: decentralized bilateral trading and centralized auction markets. Using detailed data on prices, quantities, and production costs, we examine how market outcomes changed when a large region in the Eastern US rapidly switched from a bilateral system of trade to a well-designed centralized auction market in 2004. Although economic theory yields ambiguous predictions, the empirical evidence indicates that shifting the venue of trade substantially improved overall market efficiency, and that these efficiency gains far exceeded implementation costs. Our analysis points to the merits of organized market institutions for electricity, a central issue in policy debates over market-oriented regulatory reforms.

Erin T. Mansur; Matthew W. White

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

CHAPTER 6: Wind Power Markets  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Foreword January 2009 Foreword January 2009 i FOREWORD New technologies will be a critical component-perhaps the critical component-of our efforts to tackle the related challenges of energy security, climate change, and air pollution, all the while maintaining a strong economy. But just developing new technologies is not enough. Our ability to accelerate the market penetration of clean energy, enabling, and other climate-related technologies will have a determining impact on our ability to slow, stop, and reverse the growth in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Title XVI, Subtitle A, of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005) directs the Administration to report on its strategy to promote the commercialization and deployment (C&D) of GHG intensity-reducing technologies and

159

Capacity Markets for Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliability Assessment [19] PJM, Monitoring Market Unit (at http://www.pjm.com. [20] PJM, Monitoring Market Unit (at http://www.pjm.com. [21] PJM, Monitoring Market Unit (

Creti, Anna; Fabra, Natalia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Deploying High Penetration Photovoltaic Systems: A Case Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Photovoltaic (PV) system capacity penetration, or simply 'penetration,' is often defined as the rated power output of the aggregate PV systems on a distribution circuit segment divided by the peak load of that circuit segment. Industry experts agree that a single value defining high penetration is not universally applicable. However, it is generally agreed that a conservative value to designate high penetration is the condition when the ratio of aggregate PV systems ratings to peak load exceeds 15%. This case study illustrates the case of a distribution feeder which is able to accommodate a traditional capacity penetration level of 47%, and perhaps more. New maximum penetration levels need to be defined and verified and enhanced definitions for penetration on a distribution circuit need to be developed. The new penetration definitions and studies will help utility engineers, system developers, and regulatory agencies better agree what levels of PV deployment can be attained without jeopardizing the reliability and power quality of a circuit.

Coddington, M. H.; Baca, D.; Kroposki, B. D.; Basso, T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

K. Porter. The cost of transmission for wind energy in theDA forecast error cost per unit of wind energy are somewhatcosts actually slightly decrease with increasing penetration per unit of wind energy.

Mills, Andrew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

NREL: Energy Analysis - Technology and Program Market Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology and Program Market Data Technology and Program Market Data This Web page provides market data for renewable energy technologies and programs. The data, presented in individual reports for each area, include data regarding market penetration; industry trends; cost, price, and performance trends; and policy and market drivers. Most of the reports include an outlook for the future. NREL led an effort that was initiated by the Strategic Planning and Analysis group of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) to produce these reports for each of the energy areas managed by EERE. The last report was published in June 2011. Biomass/Ethanol Current State of the U.S. Ethanol Industry 2007 Year in Review: U.S. Ethanol Industry, the Next Inflection Point Building Technologies

163

2012 Reliability & Markets Peer Review | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reliability & Markets Peer Review Reliability & Markets Peer Review 2012 Reliability & Markets Peer Review The Transmission Reliability R&D Reliability & Markets Peer Review included 11 presentations over 2 days on August 7 - 8, 2012 at Cornell University in Ithaca, NY. Presentations and summaries are available through the links and the agenda is included below. Summaries | Full Presentations Day 1: August 7 Transmission Investment Assessment Under Uncertainty About Fuel Prices, Technology, Renewables Penetration and Market Responses Using a Multi-State Stochastic Model Approach with Recourse Renewable Integration Through Risk-Limiting Dispatch and Distributed Resource Aggregations Development and Testing of New Tools Commercialization of the SuperOPF Framework: Phase 2 Essence of Structure Preserving (ESP) Network Reductions for

164

Petroleum Marketing Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

ii U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly August 2011 Preface The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical ...

165

Propane Market Status Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Propane Market Status Report 07272000 Click here to start Table of Contents Propane Market Status Report Propane Prices Follow Crude Oil Propane Demand by Sector Demand Impacted...

166

Capacity Markets for Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ternative Approaches for Power Capacity Markets, Papers andand Steven Stoft, Installed Capacity and Price Caps: Oil onElectricity Markets Have a Capacity requirement? If So, How

Creti, Anna; Fabra, Natalia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Market Organization and Efficiency in Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and information about market procedures, and to Frank Wolak for comments on an earlier draft. v7.55 #12). It seeks to identify specific market rules and pro- tocols that can speed information revelation, discover involved in energy production and its delivery. During the past decade, this heterogeneity in market

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

168

Distribution System Analysis Tools for Studying High Penetration of PV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distribution System Analysis Tools for Studying High Penetration of PV with Grid Support Features Electric Energy System #12;#12;Distribution System Analysis Tools for Studying High Penetration of PV project titled "Distribution System Analysis Tools for Studying High Penetration of PV with Grid Support

169

Market assessment of fuel cell total energy systems summary report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An investigation of the potential market penetration of fuel cell total energy systems (FCTES) into the nonindustrial, single building market is summarized. Nine building types, two types of construction, and the ten Department of Energy (DOE) regions were used to model the market for the time period 1985--2000. Input data developed for the penetration model included size distributions of each building type and performance and cost characteristics of FCTES and competing conventional systems. Two fuel cell systems, fuel cell - heat pump and fuel cell - central boiler and chiller, were assumed to compete with two conventional systems, electric heat pump and central chiller-boiler models. Two fuel cell supply situations were considered: (a) one in which only 40 kW(e) modules were available, and (b) one in which a catalog of 25, 40, 100, and 250 kW(e) modules were available. Data characterizing the economic climate, the intended market, and system cost and performance were used to determine the present value of life-cycle costs for each system in each market segment. Two market models were used to estimate FCTES sales. In the first, the perfect market model, FCTES sales were assumed to occur in all segments in which that system had the lowest present-valued costs. In the second, a market diffusion model was used to obtain a more probable (and lower) sales estimate than that of the perfect market model. Results are presented as FCTES sales for each market segment by FCTES module size and the effect on primary energy use by fuel type.

Mixon, W.R.; Christian, J.E.; Jackson, W.L.; Pine, G.D.; Hagler, H.; Shanker, R.; Koppelman, L.; Greenstein, D.

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Direct Current Fast Charger System Characterization: Standards, Penetration Potential, Testing, and Performance Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The importance of direct current (dc) fast charging of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) is expected to grow in the near future. This report presents a brief overview of the various standards and protocols in use and in development along with a market assessment of various dc fast chargers and compatible vehicles planned. Modeling and analysis were performed to evaluate the penetration of dc fast chargers based on vehicle driving patterns, region, and charger power. A 200-V, three-phase fast charger was i...

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

171

Evaluation of tools for renewable energy policy analysis: The renewable energy penetration model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Energy Policy Act of 1992 establishes a program to support development of renewable energy technologies including a production incentive to public power utilities. Because there is a wide range of possible policy actions that could be taken to increase electric market share for renewables, modeling tools are needed to help make informed decisions regarding future policy. Previous energy modeling tools did not contain the regional or infrastructure focus necessary to examine renewable technologies. As a result, the Department of Energy Office of Utility Technologies (OUT) supported the development of tools for renewable energy policy analysis. Three models were developed: The Renewable Energy Penetration (REP) model, which is a spreadsheet model for determining first-order estimates of policy effects for each of the ten federal regions; the Ten Federal Region Model (TFRM), which employs utility capacity expansion and dispatching decisions; and the Regional Electric Policy Analysis Model (REPAM) which was constructed to allow detailed insight into interactions between policy and technology within an individual region. In 1993, the OUT supported the Oak Ridge Institute of Science and Education (ORISE) to form an expert panel to provide an independent review of the REP model and TFRM. This report contains the panel`s evaluation of the REP model; the TFRM is evaluated in a companion report. The panel did not review the REPAM. The panel met for a second time in January 1994 to discuss model simulations and deliberate regarding evaluation outcomes. This report is largely a result of this second meeting. The remainder of this chapter provides a description of the REP model and summarizes the panel`s findings. Individual chapters examine various aspects of the model: demand and load, capacity expansion, dispatching and production costing, reliability, renewables, storage, transmission, financial and regulatory concerns, and environmental effects.

Engle, J.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Transacting generation attributes across market boundaries: Compatible information systems and the treatment of imports and exports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and green power marketing: increased investment ininvestment in renewable generation sources the underlying goal of market mandates, disclosure requirements, and green

Grace, Robert; Wiser, Ryan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Marketing Strategy and Implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the preparation of materials for the marketing campaign that has been designed for middle and high school students in New Mexico to increase interest in participation in national security careers at the National Nuclear Security Administration. The materials and the marketing campaign build on the research that was previously completed, as well as the focus groups that were conducted. This work is a part of the National Nuclear Security Preparedness Project (NSPP). Previous research included outcome analysis to determine appropriate marketing strategies. The analysis was based upon focus groups with middle school and high school students, student interactions, and surveys completed by students to understand and gauge student interest in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) subjects, interest in careers at NNSA, future job considerations, and student desire to pursue post-secondary education. Further, through the focus groups, students were asked to attend a presentation on NNSA job opportunities and employee requirements. The feedback received from the students was utilized to develop the focus and components of a marketing campaign divided into DISCO (Discovering Intelligence and Security Career Opportunities) for the middle school age group and DISCO..Your Way! for high school age groups. Both campaigns have an intertwined message that focuses on the education of students in the various national security career opportunities at NNSA using the STEM concepts and the notion that almost any career they can think of has a fit within NNSA. Further, a special emphasis has been placed on the importance of obtaining a national security clearance when working at NNSA and the steps that will need to be taken during middle school, high school, and college to be allowed this opportunity.

None

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

174

Five Open Questions About Prediction Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interest in prediction markets has increased in the last decade, driven in part by the hope that these markets will prove to be valuable tools in forecasting, decisionmaking and risk management in both the public and private sectors. This paper outlines five open questions in the literature, and we argue that resolving these questions is crucial to determining whether current optimism about prediction markets will be realized.

Justin Wolfers; Eric Zitzewitz; Co. Arthur; D. Miltenberger

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Renewable Energy Development in Regulated Markets, 2002  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The slowdown in electricity market restructuring since 2000 has dramatically altered opportunities for marketing green energy to retail customers. Indeed, it has become less clear what role direct consumer demand for green energy may play in future renewable energy development. Currently, utilities, green energy activists, and marketers are pursuing a number of new concepts that may increase the scale of renewable energy development. This report evaluates the status and potential of these new green energ...

2003-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

176

Multiscale forecasting and risk measurement in the crude oil market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

???With the increasing trend of globalization and deregulation comes the increasing level of structural complexity in the crude oil market, which in turn leads to (more)

He, Kaijian ( ???)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Penetration through a wall: Is it reality?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A tennis ball is not expected to penetrate through a brick wall since a motion under a barrier is impossible in classical mechanics. With quantum effects a motion of a particle through a barrier is allowed due to quantum tunneling. According to usual theories of tunneling, the particle density decays inside a classical barrier resulting in an extremely slow pentration process. However, there are no general laws forbidding fast motion through classical barriers. The problem addressed is investigation of unusual features o quantum tunneling through a classic static barrier which is at least two-dimensional. Here we show that penetration through such barrier can be not slow. When the barrier satisfies the certain conditions, a regime of quantum lens is possible with formation of caustics. De Broglie waves are reflected from the caustics, interfere, and result in a not small flux from under the barrier. This strongly contrasts to the usual scenario with a decaying under-barrier density. We construct a particular example of fast motion through a classical barrier. One can unexectedly conclude that, in principle, nature allows fast penetration through classical barriers which against common sense. The phenomenon may be responsible for a variety of processes in labs and nature. For example, tunneling in solids may occur with a different scenario, in biophysics and chemistry one can specify conditions for unusual reactions, and evanescent optical waves may strongly change their properties. In condensed matter and cosmic physics there are phenomena with misterious reasons of an energy emission, for instance, gamma-ray bursts. One can try to treat them in the context of fast escape from under some barriers.

B. Ivlev

2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

178

The Window Market in Texas: Opportunities for Energy Savings and Demand Reduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of high performance windows represents a promising opportunity to reduce energy consumption and summer electrical demand in homes and commercial buildings in Texas and neighboring states. While low-e glass coatings and other energy efficiency features have become standard features in windows in states with building energy codes, their sales in the Texas market remain limited. This paper presents findings from a pilot energy efficiency program sponsored by American Electric Power Company (AEP). The Texas Window Initiative (TWI) has conducted over 160 on-site training sessions for hardware store sales personnel and builders across the AEP service areas in Texas over the past two years. Companion promotional activities have also been completed. The past one and a half years have witnessed a very significant increase in the market penetration of energy efficient windows in the AEP service area; from about 2.5% of total window sales in early 2000 to roughly 25% (according to preliminary data) by the end of 2001.1 Some of this increase is attributable to TWI's activities, although other factors may be responsible for a portion of this increase as well. The market for windows in Texas is described. TWI's approach to promoting energy efficient windows is reviewed. Initial impact estimates from TWI's activities are presented. The technical potential for energy savings and utility peak demand reduction from the installation of energy efficient windows in Texas is presented. The paper also provides some speculation on how the window market might be impacted by the adoption of building energy codes in Texas.

Zarnikau, J.; Campbell, L.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Coordinated Control and Optimization of Virtual Power Plants for Energy and Frequency Regulation Services in Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With increasing penetration of intermittent resources such as wind and solar, power system operations are facing much more challenges in cost effective provision of energy balancing and frequency regulation services. Enabled by advances in sensing, control and communication, the concept of Virtual Power Plant (VPP) is proposed as one possible solution which aggregates and firms up spatially distributed resources? net power injection to the system. This thesis proposes a coordinated control and bidding strategy for VPPs to provide energy balancing and grid frequency regulation services in electricity market environment. In this thesis, the VPP consists of two energy conversion assets: a Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG)-based wind farm and a co-located Flywheel Energy Storage System (FESS). The coordination of the VPP is implemented through power electronics?based controllers. A five-bus system test case demonstrates the technical feasibility of VPPs to respond to grid frequency deviation as well as to follow energy dispatch signals. To enable the participation of VPPs in electricity market, this thesis also proposes an optimization based bidding strategy for VPPs in both energy balancing and frequency regulation service markets. The potential economic benefits of this bidding strategy are demonstrated under Denmark wholesale electricity market structure. Four case studies show the economic benefit of coordinating VPPs.

Zhang, Fan

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Electricity market reform in the European Union : review of progress towards liberalisation and integration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy market liberalisation process in Europe is increasingly focused on electricity market integration and related cross border issues. This signals that the liberalisation of national electricity markets is now ...

Jamasb, Tooraj

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Power Market Simulation Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI's first seminar on electricity market simulation provided a forum for discussion of potential modifications and applications for this new technology, specifically in the areas of market design and operations. The resounding messages heard from both speakers and participants were as follows: o The use of simulation for electricity markets has the potential to help society avoid devastating costs due to market flaws. o Market simulation can be broadly applied with a diverse set of potential users. o C...

2002-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

182

Technical-economic assessment of the production of methanol from biomass. Assessment of biomass resource and methanol market. Final research report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Detailed information is presented on the following: feasibility of biomass feedstocks for methanol production, biomass availability and costs, potential demand for methanol from biomass, comparison of potential methanol demand and supply, and market penetration assessment. (MHR)

Wan, E.I.; Simmons, J.A.; Price, J.D.; Nguyen, T.D.

1979-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

183

Futures oil market outlook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We expect the broader expansion of global economic activity in 1995 to more than offset the anticipated slowdown in the US economic growth. This should result in worldwide oil demand growth in excess of 1 million barrels per day and firmer oil prices. This comes on the heels of nearly identical growth in 1994 and should be followed by an even larger increase in 1996. This year`s demand growth comes against a backdrop of flat OPEC production and an increase in non-OPEC supplies that will fall short of the expected increase in consumption. Some degree of political upheaval in at least a half dozen important oil exporting nations could also have implication for crude supplies. One major wildcard that remains for global oil markets is the status of the United Nations` sanctions on Iraqi exports and the timing of when these sanctions are to be eased or lifted completely.

Saucer, J. [Smith Barney, Houston, TX (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Redshift of photons penetrating a hot plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new interaction, plasma redshift, is derived, which is important only when photons penetrate a hot, sparse electron plasma. The derivation of plasma redshift is based entirely on conventional axioms of physics, without any new assumptions. The calculations are only more exact than those usually found in the literature. When photons penetrate a cold and dense electron plasma, they lose energy through ionization and excitation, through Compton scattering on the individual electrons, and through Raman scattering on the plasma frequency. But when the plasma is very hot and has low density, such as in the solar corona, the photons lose energy also in plasma redshift, which is an interaction with the electron plasma. The energy loss of a photon per electron in the plasma redshift is about equal to the product of the photons energy and one half of the Compton cross-section per electron. This energy loss (plasma redshift of the photons) consists of very small quanta, which are absorbed by the plasma and cause a significant heating. In quiescent solar corona, this heating starts in the transition zone to the solar corona and is a major fraction of the coronal heating. Plasma redshift contributes also to the heating of the interstellar plasma, the galactic corona, and the intergalactic plasma. Plasma redshift explains

Ari Brynjolfsson

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

High Penetration Photovoltaic Case Study Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Technical concerns with integrating higher penetrations of photovoltaic (PV) systems include grid stability, voltage regulation, power quality (voltage rise, sags, flicker, and frequency fluctuations), and protection and coordination. The current utility grid was designed to accommodate power flows from the central generation source to the transmission system and eventually to the distribution feeders. At the distribution level, the system was designed to carry power from the substation toward the load. Renewable distributed generation, particularly solar PV, provides power at the distribution level challenging this classical paradigm. As these resources become more commonplace the nature of the distribution network and its operation is changing to handle power flow in both directions. This report is focused on large PV installations in which penetration is significantly greater than 15% of maximum daytime feeder load. These case studies are intended to demonstrate success stories with integration of large PV plants at the distribution level as well as some of the solutions used by the utility to ensure safe, reliable operation of both the PV system and the distribution network.

Bank, J.; Mather, B.; Keller, J.; Coddington, M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Alternative Fuels Market and Policy Trends (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Market forces and policies are increasing opportunities for alternative fuels. There is no one-size-fits-all, catch-all, silver-bullet fuel. States play a critical role in the alternative fuel market and are taking a leading role.

Schroeder, A. N.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Strategic Market Making and Risk Sharing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the result of allowing risk averse traders to split their orders among markets when market makers are assumed to be risk averse. We nd that market makers aggregate expected utility of prot decreases with the number of market markers and that the aggregate liquidity always increases with it. Despite this nding, we show that the cost of trading for the traders increases with the number of market makers as measured by their aggregate expected utility of prot. The larger the market makersrisk aversion, the bigger that cost is. We also nd that when the number of market makers tends to innity, their aggregate expected utility of prot tends to zero. We oer a potential answer to the ongoing debate concerning the dealers competitiveness. Indeed, risk aversion reduces competition between market makers as it acts as a commitment for market makers to set higher prices. This commitment is higher the higher the risk aversion. JEL Classication: G14, D82 2 1

Herve Boco; Laurent Germain; Fabrice Rousseau

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Diagnosing Unilateral Market Power in Electricity Reserves Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Machado, M.P. , Bilateral Market Power and VerticalSpanish Electricity Spot Market, 2004, CEMFI Working PaperEquilibrium in Electricity Markets, 2004, Journal of

Knittel, Christopher R; Metaxoglou, Konstantinos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Market versus Non-Market Assignment of Initial Ownership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Each According To? Markets, Tournaments, and the MatchingIntervention on Housing Markets in Korea, mimeo, Sogang1993), Moving toward a Market for Spectrum, Regu- lation,

Che, Yeon-Koo; Gale, Ian

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Diagnosing Unilateral Market Power in Electricity Reserves Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cal- ifornia Power Exchange Energy Markets: Prepared for theCalifornias Wholesale Energy Market, 2001, Department ofpower in the states energy markets (Hildebrandt [2001];

Knittel, Christopher R; Metaxoglou, Konstantinos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

A Market for all Farmers: Market Institutions and Smallholder Participation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

information, such as market information systems and gradesIn many countries, market information systems perform poorlyagencies to collect reliable market information. Following

Gabre-Madhin, Eleni

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Benchmarking Utility Best Business Practices and Processes for Managing High Penetration PV: Case Studies and Lessons Learned  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed photovoltaic (PV) power systems are deploying into electric system distribution at increasing rates. The resulting rise in penetration of variable PV generation is, in turn, posing escalating utility grid management challenges, some more pronounced than others in specific pockets of the United States. Grid hosting studies and modeling efforts have helped to build foundational knowledge about the impacts of high penetration PV (HPPV). But, to date, there has been a relative dearth of ...

2013-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

193

The Asian Wood Pellet Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 25 p. This study examines the three major wood pellet markets in Asia: China, Japan, and South Korea, South Korea is striving to increase its per- centage of renewable energy, which could benefit the wood pellets industry. We found that China, the largest energy consumer in Asia, has an established wood pellet

194

Market Data for Renewable Energy Projects and Programs at NREL | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Renewable Energy Projects and Programs at NREL for Renewable Energy Projects and Programs at NREL Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Market Data for Renewable Energy Projects and Programs at NREL Name Market Data for Renewable Energy Projects and Programs at NREL Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector Energy Topics Market analysis Resource Type Dataset, Guide/manual Website http://www.nrel.gov/analysis/r References Market Data for Renewable Energy Projects and Programs at NREL[1] Abstract This Web page includes market data for renewable energy technologies and programs, presented in individual reports for each area. Data includes market penetration; industry trends; cost, price, and performance trends; policy and market drivers; as well as future outlook. Overview

195

The Importance of High Temporal Resolution in Modeling Renewable Energy Penetration Scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

impacts wholesale power prices and wind energy curtailmentPrices and Incentives to Invest in Thermal Power Plants under Increasing Wind Energyprice discussion is the wholesale market value of wind energy,

Nicolosi, Marco

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Optimization Online - Survivable Energy Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 9, 2006... at the same time, the dayahead energy market and the reserve market in order to price through the market, beside energy, the overall cost of...

197

Reliability and Competitive Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Behavior in a Competitive Electricity Market, InternationalDemand Response in Electricity Markets, Hewlett FoundationGreen, R. (1999) The Electricity Contract Market in England

Joskow, Paul; Tirole, Jean

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

study. Regions with fast energy markets, for example, changeis set aside in one energy market interval is then releasedto be dispatched in a later energy market interval, whereas

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Obstacle penetrating dynamic radar imaging system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An obstacle penetrating dynamic radar imaging system for the detection, tracking, and imaging of an individual, animal, or object comprising a multiplicity of low power ultra wideband radar units that produce a set of return radar signals from the individual, animal, or object, and a processing system for said set of return radar signals for detection, tracking, and imaging of the individual, animal, or object. The system provides a radar video system for detecting and tracking an individual, animal, or object by producing a set of return radar signals from the individual, animal, or object with a multiplicity of low power ultra wideband radar units, and processing said set of return radar signals for detecting and tracking of the individual, animal, or object.

Romero, Carlos E. (Livermore, CA); Zumstein, James E. (Livermore, CA); Chang, John T. (Danville, CA); Leach, Jr.. Richard R. (Castro Valley, CA)

2006-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

200

Redshift of photons penetrating a hot plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new interaction, plasma redshift, is derived, which is important only when photons penetrate a hot, sparse electron plasma. The derivation of plasma redshift is based entirely on conventional axioms of physics. When photons penetrate a cold and dense plasma, they lose energy through ionization and excitation, Compton scattering on the individual electrons, and Raman scattering on the plasma frequency. But in sparse hot plasma, such as in the solar corona, the photons lose energy also in plasma redshift. The energy loss per electron in the plasma redshift is about equal to the product of the photon's energy and one half of the Compton cross-section per electron. In quiescent solar corona, this heating starts in the transition zone to the corona and is a major fraction of the coronal heating. Plasma redshift contributes also to the heating of the interstellar plasma, the galactic corona, and the intergalactic plasma. Plasma redshift explains the solar redshifts, the redshifts of the galactic corona, the cosmological redshifts, the cosmic microwave background, and the X-ray background. The plasma redshift explains the observed magnitude-redshift relation for supernovae SNe Ia without the big bang, dark matter, or dark energy. There is no cosmic time dilation. The universe is not expanding. The plasma redshift, when compared with experiments, shows that the photons' classical gravitational redshifts are reversed as the photons move from the Sun to the Earth. This is a quantum mechanical effect. As seen from the Earth, a repulsion force acts on the photons. This means that there is no need for Einstein's Lambda term. The universe is quasi-static, infinite, and everlasting.

Ari Brynjolfsson

2004-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Characterization of nuclear reactor containment penetrations. Preliminary report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the survey work conducted by Argonne National Laboratory on the design and details of major penetrations in 22 nuclear power plants. The survey includes all containment types and materials in current use. It also includes details of all types of penetrations (except for electrical penetration assemblies and valves) and the seals and gaskets used in them. The report provides a test matrix for testing major penetrations and for testing seals and gaskets in order to evaluate their leakage potential under severe accident conditions.

Bump, T.R.; Seidensticker, R.W.; Shackelford, M.A.; Gambhir, V.K.; McLennan, G.L.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Penetrating Insights: NIST Airframe Tests Help Ensure Better ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Penetrating Insights: NIST Airframe Tests Help Ensure Better Shielding for Flight ... were a Boeing 737-200 and a Bombardier Global 5000 business ...

2010-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

203

Multi-Well Sample Plate Cover Penetration System for Automated ...  

Current Weather. Protocol Office. Where to stay. Tri ... LLNL's multi-well plate cover penetration system is an array cutting and tape folding tool, based on 96-well ...

204

Forecasting new product penetration with flexible substitution patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

choice model for forecasting demand for alternative-fuel7511, Urban Travel Demand Forecasting Project, Institute of89 (1999) 109129 Forecasting new product penetration with ?

Brownstone, David; Train, Kenneth

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Forecasting new product penetration with flexible substitution patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7511, Urban Travel Demand Forecasting Project, Institute ofchoice model for forecasting demand for alternative-fuel89 (1999) 109129 Forecasting new product penetration with

Brownstone, David; Train, Kenneth

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Interaction of Compliance and Voluntary Renewable Energy Markets  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, both compliance and voluntary markets have emerged to help support the development of renewable energy resources. Both of these markets are growing rapidly and today about half of U.S. states have RPS policies in place, with a number of these policies adopted in the last several years. In addition, many states have recently increased the stringency of their RPS policies. This paper examines key market interaction issues between compliance and voluntary renewable energy markets. It provides an overview of both the compliance and voluntary markets, addressing each market's history, purpose, size, scope, and benefits while addressing issues, including double counting.

Bird, L.; Lokey, E.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Nordic Market Report 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

....................................................................17 5 ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION..................................................19 5.1 TRANSMISSION..............................................................................................20 5.3 ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION: CONCLUSIONSNordic Market Report 2009 Development in the Nordic Electricity Market Report 4/2009 #12;Nordic

208

Marketing alternative fueled automobiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing alternative fueled vehicles is a difficult challenge for automakers. The foundation of the market, the terms of competition, and the customer segments involved are still being defined. But automakers can draw ...

Zheng, Alex (Yi Alexis)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

2025 Power Marketing Initiative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and is in the process of developing a plan for marketing and allocating LAP hydroelectric power after the FES contracts expire. We call this plan our 2025 Power Marketing...

210

From the flea market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is about marketplaces in general, and one flea market in particular. It explores some of the physical potentials the market has for generating a building and some of the social implications of a controversy ...

Krasnow, Ariel Rebecca

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

A Market for all Farmers: Market Institutions and Smallholder Participation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bakken, H. (1953). Theory of Markets and Marketing. Madison,1988). The Firm, the Market and the Law. Chicago: UniversityPolicies: The Case of Cereal Markets in West Africa, in

Gabre-Madhin, Eleni

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

The sensitivity of wind technology utilization to cost and market parameters  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study explores the sensitivity of future wind energy market penetration to available wind resources, wind system costs, and competing energy system fuel costs for several possible energy market evolution scenarios. The methodology for the modeling is described in general terms. Cost curves for wind technology evolution are presented and used in conjunction with wind resource estimates and energy market projections to estimate wind penetration into the market. Results are presented that show the sensitivity of the growth of wind energy use to key cost parameters and to some of the underlying modeling assumptions. In interpreting the results, the authors place particular emphasis on the relative influence of the parameters studied. 4 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

Dodd, H.M. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)); Hock, S.M.; Thresher, R.W. (Solar Energy Research Inst., Golden, CO (USA))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Vehicle attributes constraining present electric car applicability in the fleet market  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

One strategy for reducing petroleum imports is to use electric cars in place of conventional vehicles. This paper examines obstacles which electric cars are likely to encounter in attempting to penetrate a key segment of the passenger car market, namely, the fleet market. A fleet is here defined as a group of cars operated by a corporation or a government agency. The primary data source is a questionnaire that was distributed to fleet operators by the Bobit Publishing Company in the summer of 1977. Six sectors of the fleet market were sampled: police, state and local government, utilities, taxi, rental, and business. The questionnaire was specifically designed to uncover factors limiting market penetration of unconventional vehicles, although no attempt was made to determine price elasticities. Emphasis is on vehicle attributes that are readily quantifiable and relatively projectable, including seating capacity, range, battery recharging characteristics, availability of power options, and ability to use interstate highways.

Wagner, J R

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Steam driven markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The market for steam equipment has been relatively level. Looking ahead, manufacturers anticipate steady market growth worldwide. Steam equipment manufacturers share a similar view of the market for next few years - upward. The steady upward climb is being attributed to a number of factors that will benefit steam turbine and heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) makers.

Anderson, J.L.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Cross-Market Discounts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Firms in several markets attract consumers by offering discounts in other unrelated markets. This promotion strategy, which we call cross-market discounts, has been successfully adopted in the last few years by many grocery retailers in ... Keywords: competition, fuelperks!, game theory, nonlinear pricing, retail promotions

Marcel Goi?; Kinshuk Jerath; Kannan Srinivasan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Market Research Berkeley FIRST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market Research Berkeley FIRST i dDevi Prasad Dt: 03/25/2008 #12;2 Customer Survey Goalsy 1 has > 50% natural gas component ( l di l t i h ) 38 9% 82 d t(excluding electric charges) 38.9% 82 Determine market barriers and purchase factors1.Determine market barriers and purchase factors 2.Relation

Kammen, Daniel M.

217

The Value of Renewable Energy as a Hedge Against Fuel Price Risk: Analytic Contributions from Economic and Finance Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prices, increasing the market penetration of renewable generation such as wind, solar, and geothermal power

Bolinger, Mark A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

NREL: Jobs and Economic Competitiveness - Comparative Advantage Market  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Comparative Advantage Market Analysis Comparative Advantage Market Analysis The market for solar energy technologies continues to grow (48% compound annual growth rate [CAGR] from 1999-2008). Globalization of these markets has advanced the industry by accelerating performance improvements and reducing product costs through increased competition. NREL's comparative advantage market analysis is focused on understanding the key US export opportunities in the solar energy technologies global market, the US competitive advantages in this market and what US policies can best support/facilitate increased exports. NREL's comparative advantages market analysis studies show that: The US was a net exporter of solar technologies in 2010 and, as an innovation leader in this area, is well positioned for future export

219

Modeling the Impact of State and Federal Incentives on Concentrating Solar Power Market Penetration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents methodology and results from the Regional Energy Deployment System Model (ReEDS) examining the ability of concentrating solar power (CSP), other renewables, and electricity storage to contribute to the U.S. electric sector.

Blair, N.; Short, W.; Mehos, M.

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Utility rates and service policies as potential barriers to the market penetration of decentralized solar technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

At present, economic and institutional concerns dictate that decentralized solar technologies generally require an auxiliary energy source to assure continuous service through periods of adverse weather. Utility rates and service policies regarding auxiliary energy service have a significant impact upon solar system economics, and thus the commercialization of solar energy. The scope of this paper evaluates three basic issues: (1) whether a utility can refuse to provide auxiliary service to solar users, (2) whether a utility can charge higher or lower than traditional rates for auxiliary service, and (3) whether a utility can refuse to purchase excess power generated by small power producers utilizing electricity-producing solar technologies. It appears that a utility cannot refuse to provide auxiliary service to a solar user unless the company can demonstrate that to provide such service, substantial harm would result to its existing customers. Statutes or case decisions also provide that utilities cannot unreasonably discriminate in rates charged to customers for the same service under like conditions. The ability of a utility to provide solar users lower than traditional rates may depend upon the jurisdiction's view of promotional rates. 681 references.

Feuerstein, R. J.

1979-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Updated U.S. Geothermal Supply Characterization and Representation for Market Penetration Model Input  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Geothermal Technologies Program (GTP) tasked the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) with conducting the annual geothermal supply curve update. This report documents the approach taken to identify geothermal resources, determine the electrical producing potential of these resources, and estimate the levelized cost of electricity (LCOE), capital costs, and operating and maintenance costs from these geothermal resources at present and future timeframes under various GTP funding levels. Finally, this report discusses the resulting supply curve representation and how improvements can be made to future supply curve updates.

Augustine, C.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Market penetration of wind turbine concepts over the years Anca D. Hansen1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

speed wind turbine concept with partial-scale power converter (DFIG) This configuration denotes the variable speed controlled wind turbine with doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) and pitch control

223

An agent-based model to study market penetration of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of fuel costs, to agent willingness to adopt the PHEV technology, to PHEV purchase price and rebates, to PHEV battery range, and to heuristic values related to gasoline usage. Our simulations indicate of expected lifetime fuel costs associated with different vehicles (e.g., on vehicle stickers

Vermont, University of

224

An agent-based model to study market penetration of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that a potential synergy from a gasoline tax with proceeds is used to fund research into longer-range lower- cost) indicate PHEV greenhouse gas emissions to be about half of that of current gasoline and diesel motor fuels model the system. We examine sensitivity of the model to gasoline prices, to accuracy in estimation

Eppstein, Margaret J.

225

Numerical simulations of oblique penetration into reinforced concrete targets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dynamic constitutive model based on the tensile and the compressive damage models for concrete was developed and implemented into the three-dimensional finite element code, LS-DYNA. Numerical simulations of oblique penetration into reinforced concrete ... Keywords: Dynamic damage model, Numerical simulation, Oblique penetration, Reinforced concrete

Yan Liu; Fenglei Huang; Aie Ma

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study Title Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown Year of Publication 2011 Authors Cappers, Peter, Andrew D. Mills, Charles A. Goldman, Ryan H. Wiser, and Joseph H. Eto Pagination 76 Date Published 10/2011 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords demand response, electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department, renewable generation integration, smart grid Abstract The penetration of renewable generation technology (e.g., wind, solar) is expected to dramatically increase in the United States during the coming years as many states are implementing policies to expand this sector through regulation and/or legislation. It is widely understood, though, that large scale deployment of certain renewable energy sources, namely wind and solar, poses system integration challenges because of its variable and often times unpredictable production characteristics (NERC, 2009). Strategies that rely on existing thermal generation resources and improved wind and solar energy production forecasts to manage this variability are currently employed by bulk power system operators, although a host of additional options are envisioned for the near future. Demand response (DR), when properly designed, could be a viable resource for managing many of the system balancing issues associated with integrating large-scale variable generation (VG) resources (NERC, 2009). However, demand-side options would need to compete against strategies already in use or contemplated for the future to integrate larger volumes of wind and solar generation resources. Proponents of smart grid (of which Advanced Metering Infrastructure or AMI is an integral component) assert that the technologies associated with this new investment can facilitate synergies and linkages between demand-side management and bulk power system needs. For example, smart grid proponents assert that system-wide implementation of advanced metering to mass market customers (i.e., residential and small commercial customers) as part of a smart grid deployment enables a significant increase in demand response capability.1 Specifically, the implementation of AMI allows electricity consumption information to be captured, stored and utilized at a highly granular level (e.g., 15-60 minute intervals in most cases) and provides an opportunity for utilities and public policymakers to more fully engage electricity customers in better managing their own usage through time-based rates and near-real time feedback to customers on their usage patterns while also potentially improving the management of the bulk power system. At present, development of time-based rates and demand response programs and the installation of variable generation resources are moving forward largely independent of each other in state and regional regulatory and policy forums and without much regard to the complementary nature of their operational characteristics.2 By 2020, the electric power sector is expected to add ~65 million advanced meters3 (which would reach ~47% of U.S. households) as part of smart grid and AMI4 deployments (IEE, 2010) and add ~40-80 GW of wind and solar capacity (EIA, 2010). Thus, in this scoping study, we focus on a key question posed by policymakers: what role can the smart grid (and its associated enabling technology) play over the next 5-10 years in helping to integrate greater penetration of variable generation resources by providing mass market customers with greater access to demand response opportunities? There is a well-established body of research that examines variable generation integration issues as well as demand response potential, but the nexus between the two has been somewhat neglected by the industry. The studies that have been conducted are informative concerning what could be accomplished with strong broad-based support for the expansion of demand response opportunities, but typically do not discuss the many barriers that stand in the way of reaching this potential. This study examines how demand side resources could be used to integrate wind and solar resources in the bulk power system, identifies barriers that currently limit the use of demand side strategies, and suggests several factors that should be considered in assessing alternative strategies that can be employed to integrate wind and solar resources in the bulk power system. It is difficult to properly gauge the role that DR could play in managing VG integration issues in the near future without acknowledging and understanding the entities and institutions that govern the interactions between variable generation and mass market customers (see Figure ES-1). Retail entities, like load-serving entities (LSE) and aggregators of retail customers (ARC), harness the demand response opportunities of mass market customers through tariffs (and DR programs) that are approved by state regulatory agencies or local governing entities (in the case of public power). The changes in electricity consumption induced by DR as well as the changes in electricity production due to the variable nature of wind and solar generation technologies is jointly managed by bulk power system operators. Bulk power system operators function under tariffs approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and must operate their systems in accordance with rules set by regional reliability councils. These reliability rules are derived from enforceable standards that are set by the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) and approved by federal regulators. Thus, the role that DR can play in managing VG integration issues is contingent on what opportunities state and local regulators are willing to approve and how customers' response to the DR opportunities can be integrated into the bulk power system both electrically (due to reliability rules) and financially (due to market rules).

227

Preliminary market potential indexing study of the United States for direct gain in new single-family residential construction  

SciTech Connect

The evaluation of the market potential for passive solar designs in residential new construction offers an attractive counterpart to the numerous market penetration assessments that have been performed over the last four years. Market penetration analyses have generally concerned themselves with the long run adoption of solar energy technologies, while Market Potential Indexing (MPI) addressed here examines the near-term attractiveness of solar. The MPI method is briefly reviewed, followed by specification of six attributes that may characterize the residential single-family new construction market. Raw attribute data for each of the six is presented for 220 regions within the United States. Attribute weighting functions are constructed from the perspective of consumers, producers or home builders, and the federal government. Preliminary results from these three perspectives are portrayed for a fixed sized direct gain design.

Robson, W.M.; Roach, F.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Strategic framework for real estate investment in emerging markets : the case of commercial real estate in Bogot, Colombia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real estate investment is becoming increasingly international. Deregulation and integration of global capital markets, growth of emerging market economies, demographic trends in developed economies, and geopolitical and ...

Otlora Castro, Jos Camilo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Market concentration and marketing power among electricity generators in Texas  

SciTech Connect

Policy initiatives designed to foster competition among electricity generators in Texas face a special challenge due to the relative isolation of that system. This isolation contributes to high levels of market concentration and market power that could hinder the development of a truly competitive market. This paper examines market concentration and market power in the ERCOT market for electricity generation by calculating the Herfindahl-Hirschman index (HHI) under various assumptions to gauge the degree of market concentration among generators in ERCOT. In addition, some ongoing studies of market power in ERCOT are discussed. The distinction between market concentration and market power is highlighted.

Zarnikau, J.; Lam, A. [Planergy Inc., Austin, TX (United States)

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Marketing coal ash, slag, and sludge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increase in coal-fired power plants and tighter environmental problems have put utilities in the position of marketing coal ash, slag, and sludge by turning waste products into a resource. Many utilities are looking beyond road and structural fill uses in their marketing efforts. Slag can be made into sandblasting grit, aggregate, and roofing granules, or used for soil stabilization or the chemical fixation of municipal wastes. Composition and collection variations discourage many utilities from marketing their by-products, while availability can be a problem for customers if the power plant should shut down. Other problems include storage and transportation, competition, and institutional barriers. Documentation of the fly ash, bottom ash, boiler slag, and scrubber waste markets by the Electric Power Research Institute considers these factors and develops a marketing method to help utilities evaluate and promote their product. (DCK)

Lihach, N.; Golden, D.; Komai, R.; Maulbetsch, J.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Vertical Structures in the Global Liquefied Natural Gas Market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??During the last decade, the global liquefied natural gas (LNG) market altered substantially. Significant investments have been realized, traded volumes increased and contracting structures gained (more)

Rster, Sophia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Top 5 producing states' combined marketed natural gas output rose ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Combined marketed natural gas production from the top five natural gas producing statesTexas, Louisiana, Wyoming, Oklahoma, and Coloradoincreased by about 7.5% ...

233

Crude Market Impacts on Diff - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude Market Factors . If light crude supply is increasing relative to heavy crude supply, it tends to contract the differential. On the other hand, if heavy crude ...

234

Scaling Energy Efficiency in the Heart of the Residential Market...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scaling Energy Efficiency in the Heart of the Residential Market: Increasing Middle America's Access to Capital for Energy Improvements Title Scaling Energy Efficiency in the Heart...

235

Restoring Equilibrium to Natural Gas Markets: Can Renewable Energy Help?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

through Increased Deployment of Renewable Energy and EnergyNatural Gas Markets: Can Renewable Energy Help? Ryan Wiserenergy supplies. Proponents of renewable energy technologies

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Biofuel policy and stock price in imperfectly competitive markets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The increase in demand for corn as a biofuel feedstock has had a significant impact on the agricultural markets in the United States. These include (more)

Tepe, Fatma Sine

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Penetration of buoyancy driven current due to a wind forced river plume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The long term response of a plume associated with freshwater penetration into ambient, ocean water under upwelling favorable winds is studied using the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) in an idealized domain. Three different cases were examined, including a shore perpendicular source and shore parallel source with steady winds, and a shore perpendicular source with oscillating alongshore winds. Freshwater flux is used to define plume penetration. Alongshore penetration of buoyant currents is proportional to freshwater input and inversely proportional to upwelling wind stress strength. Strong wind more quickly prevents fresh waters penetration. Under upwelling favorable winds, the plume is advected offshore by Ekman transport as well as upcoast by the mean flow. This causes the bulge to detach from the coast and move to upcoast and offshore with a 45 degree angle. The path of the bulge is roughly linear, and is independent of wind strength. The bulge speed has a linear relationship with the wind stress strength, and it matches the expected speed based on Ekman theory. Sinusoidal wind leads to sequential upwelling and downwelling events. The plume has an asymmetric response to upwelling and downwelling and fresh water flux is changed immediately by wind. During downwelling, the downcoast fresh water transport is greatest, while it is reduced during upwelling. Background mean flow in the downcoast direction substantially increases alongshore freshwater transport.

Baek, Seong-Ho

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Gasoline Prices Also Influenced by Regional Gasoline Product Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: Next we examine the wholesale market's added contribution to gasoline price variation and analyze the factors that impact the gasoline balance. There are two points to take away from this chart: The U.S. market moves with the world market, as can be seen with the high inventories in 1998, being drawn down to low levels during 1999. Crude and product markets are not independent. Crude oil and product markets move together fairly closely, with some lead/lag effects during transitions. The relationship between international crude oil markets and domestic product markets raises another issue. A subtle, but very important point, lost in recent discussions of gasoline price increases: The statement has been made that crude markets are not a factor in this past spring's high gasoline prices, since crude prices were

239

Market organisation and the process of economic development: the case of the partially liberalised cocoa market in Ghana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Within the last twenty years the link between market organisation and development has come under increased scrutiny in response to the implementation of World Bank (more)

Granleese, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at wholesale prices), the residential PV generation2: Wholesale prices and TOU periods for 15% PV scenario (seeerodes wholesale prices at times when PV generates

Barbose, Galen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the costs of renewable energy procurement, the costs of theRE is the total costs of renewable energy procurement, r resThough the total costs of renewable energy procurement ( C

Barbose, Galen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1) Borenstein, S. , Electricity Rate Structures and thes underlying retail electricity rate through net metering.turn impact retail electricity rates, particularly as retail

Barbose, Galen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

based on current CA utility rates Utility-owned generationRate Time-of-use (TOU) rates allow utilities to send pricePublic Utilities Commission calculated mean retail rates

Barbose, Galen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

impact of rate design and net metering on the bill savingselectricity rate through net metering. Given the uncertaintyunder two types of net metering, for each scenario. Results

Barbose, Galen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Using Electric Vehicles to Mitigate Imbalance Requirements Associated with an Increased Penetration of Wind Generation  

SciTech Connect

The integration of variable renewable generation sources continues to be a significant area of focus for power system planning. Renewable portfolio standards and initiatives to reduce the dependency on foreign energy sources drive much of the deployment. Unfortunately, renewable energy generation sources like wind and solar tend to be highly variable in nature. To counter the energy imbalance caused by this variability, wind generation often requires additional balancing resources to compensate for the variability in the electricity production. With the expected electrification of transportation, electric vehicles may offer a new load resource for meeting all, or part, of the imbalance created by the renewable generation. This paper investigates a regulation-services-based battery charging method on a population of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles to meet the power imbalance requirements associated with the introduction of 11 GW of additional wind generation into the Northwest Power Pool. It quantifies the number of vehicles required to meet the imbalance requirements under various charging assumptions.

Tuffner, Francis K.; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW

2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

246

The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of rate design and net metering on the bill savings fromelectricity rate through net metering. Given the uncertaintyunder two types of net metering, for each scenario. Results

Barbose, Galen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the Economics of Solar PV: Could Mandatory Time-of-Usecalculate the private value of solar PV to customers, and dothe private economics of solar PV, a number of studies have

Barbose, Galen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Penetration of the LCLS Injector Shield Wall at Sector 20  

SciTech Connect

Penetrations through the LCLS injector shield wall are needed for the alignment of the accelerator, a diagnostic laser beam and utilities, and are shown in figure 1. The 1-inch diameter LCLS injector beam tube is blocked by the PPS stopper when the injector side of the wall is occupied. The two 3-inch diameter penetrations above and to the left of the beam tube are used by Precision Alignment and will be open only during installation of the injector beamline. Additional 3-inch diameter penetrations are for laser beams which will be used for electron beam diagnostics. These will not be plugged when the injector occupied. Other penetrations for the RF waveguide and other utilities are approximately 13-inch from the floor and as such are far from the line-of-sight of any radiation sources. The waveguide and utility penetrations pass only through the thicker wall as shown in the figure. The principal issue is with the two laser penetrations, since these will be open when the linac is operating and people are in the LCLS injector area. A principal concern is radiation streaming through the penetrations due to direct line-of sight of the PEP-2 lines. To answer this, fans of rays were traced through the 3-inch diameter laser penetrations as shown in Figures 2 and 3. Figure 2 gives the top view of the shield walls, the main linac and PEP-2 lines, and the ray-fans. The fans appear to originate between the walls since their angular envelope is defined by the greatest angle possible when rays are just on the 3-inch diameter at the inner most and outermost wall surfaces. The crossovers of all possible rays lie half way between these two surfaces. As the end-on view of Figure 3 clearly shows, there is no direct line-of-sight through the laser penetrations of the PEP-2 or linac beamlines.

Dowell, D

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

249

Using Forward Markets to Improve Electricity Market Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forward markets, both medium term and long term, complement the spot market for wholesale electricity. The forward markets reduce risk, mitigate market power, and coordinate new investment. In the medium term, a forward energy market lets suppliers and demanders lock in energy prices and quantities for one to three years. In the long term, a forward reliability market assures adequate resources are available when they are needed most. The forward markets reduce risk for both sides of the market, since they reduce the quantity of energy that trades at the more volatile spot price. Spot market power is mitigated by putting suppliers and demanders in a more balanced position at the time of the spot market. The markets also reduce transaction costs and improve liquidity and transparency. Recent innovations to the Colombia market illustrate the basic elements of the forward markets and their beneficial role. 1

Lawrence M. Ausubel; Peter Cramton

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Derived enriched uranium market  

SciTech Connect

The potential impact on the uranium market of highly enriched uranium from nuclear weapons dismantling in the Russian Federation and the USA is analyzed. Uranium supply, conversion, and enrichment factors are outlined for each country; inventories are also listed. The enrichment component and conversion components are expected to cause little disruption to uranium markets. The uranium component of Russian derived enriched uranium hexafluoride is unresolved; US legislation places constraints on its introduction into the US market.

Rutkowski, E.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Simulation of Armor Penetration by Tungsten Rods: ALEGRA Validation Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results from simulations of the impact and penetration of tungsten alloy rods into thick rolled armor plates are presented. The calculations were performed with the CTH and ALEGRA computer codes using the DOE massively parallel TFLOPS computer co-developed by Sandia National Laboratory and Intel Corporation. Comparisons with experimental results are presented. Agreement of the two codes with each other and with the empirical results for penetration channel depth and radius is very close. Other shock physics and penetration features are also compared to simulation results. Distribution Category UC-705 ii Intentionally Left Blank iii Contents List of Figures ....................................................................................................... p. iv List of Tables ..........................................................................................................p. v Executive Summary ..............................................................................

Daniel E. Carroll; Eugene S. Hertel, Jr.; Timothy G. Trucano; Category Uc

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Aerosol penetration through a seismically loaded shear wall  

SciTech Connect

An experimental study was performed to measure the aerosol penetration through a reinforced concrete shear wall after simulated seismic damage. Static load-cycle testing, to stress levels sufficient to induce visible shear cracking, was used to simulate the earthquake loading. Air permeability tests were performed both before and after the simulated seismic loading damaged the structure. Aerosol penetration measurements were conducted on the cracked shear wall structure using 0.10 {mu}m monodisperse particles. The measured aerosol number penetration through the cracked shear wall was 0.5%. 7 refs.

Farrar, C.R.; Girrens, S.P.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Aerosol penetration through a seismically loaded shear wall  

SciTech Connect

An experimental study was performed to measure the aerosol penetration through a reinforced concrete shear wall after simulated seismic damage. Static load-cycle testing, to stress levels sufficient to induce visible shear cracking, was used to simulate the earthquake loading. Air permeability tests were performed both before and after the simulated seismic loading damaged the structure. Aerosol penetration measurements were conducted on the cracked shear wall structure using 0.10 {mu}m monodisperse particles. The measured aerosol number penetration through the cracked shear wall was 0.5%. 7 refs.

Farrar, C.R.; Girrens, S.P.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Simulation of armor penetration by tungsten rods: ALEGRA validation report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results from simulations of the impact and penetration of tungsten alloy rods into thick rolled armor plates are presented. The calculations were performed with the CTH and ALEGRA computer codes using the DOE massively parallel TFLOPS computer co-developed by Sandia National Laboratory and Intel Corporation. Comparisons with experimental results are presented. Agreement of the two codes with each other and with the empirical results for penetration channel depth and radius is very close. Other shock physics and penetration features are also compared to simulation results.

Carroll, D.E.; Hertel, E.S. Jr.; Trucano, T.G.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

An exploration of automotive platinum demand and its impacts on the platinum market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The platinum market is a material market of increasing interest, as platinum demand has grown faster than supply in recent years. As a result, the price of platinum has increased, causing end-user firms to experience ...

Whitfield, Christopher George

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Residential Price - Marketers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet ...

257

Finding the market price  

SciTech Connect

The short-term power exchange offers a glimpse of the deregulated power market. As the electric power industry goes the way of other formerly regulated monopolicies in the United States, incentives will continue to grow for novel ways to trade electricity in hitherto uncharted markets. The emergence of open power markets. The emergence of open power markets thus far has been a patchwork affair. Federally mandated competition in wholesale markets has only recently taken place and all jurisdictional transmission owners must file open access transmission tariffs with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. The national agenda has been spotted here and there by state or even utility-specific efforts to unlock retail markets but most of these will take years to implement. Thus, the most common complaint of power market professions is a basic one: It is difficult to determine the market price of electricity. The basic building blocks of an efficient market are missing, e.g. no multitudes of willing buyers and sellers, few arms-length purchases, no price transparency.

Huetteman, T.J.; Stasiak, S.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Coal News and Markets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Metallurgical coal markets became volatile when the thriving Chinese steel industry in late 2003 and 2004 made outsized demands for coking coal and met coke, ...

259

Market Transformation Programs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Efficiency Improvement Opportunities in TVs Implications for Market Transformation Programs journal Energy Policy volume year month pages keywords appliance energy efficiency...

260

Market Acceleration (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The fact sheet summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its market acceleration subprogram.

Not Available

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Market review: Market values summary July market review/current market data  

SciTech Connect

A summary of financial data for the uranium spot market is provided. Recent transactions are tabulated, including uranium sales, natural uranium loans, conversion sales, and enrichment sales. A market values summary and long-term price indicators are also provided. The July 1996 market review data includes summaries of near-term uranium sales, near-term supply/demand, NUEXCO values, USEC prices, and calculated worth of enriched uranium. Active projects in uranium, conversion, and separative work supply and demand are listed. International market values are tabulated for 22 selected currencies.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Technology diffusion of energy-related products in residential markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acceptance of energy-related technologies by end residential consumers, manufacturers of energy-related products, and other influential intermediate markets such as builders will influence the potential for market penetration of innovative energy-related technologies developed by the Department of Energy, Office of Building and Community Systems (OBCS). In this report, Pacific Northwest Laboratory reviewed the available information on technology adoption, diffusion, and decision-making processes to provide OBCS with a background and understanding of the type of research that has previously been conducted on this topic. Insight was gained as to the potential decision-making criteria and motivating factors that influence the decision-maker(s) selection of new technologies, and some of the barriers to technology adoption faced by potential markets for OBCS technologies.

Davis, L.J.; Bruneau, C.L.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Development of Environmentally Benign Heat Pump Water Heaters for the US Market  

SciTech Connect

Improving energy efficiency in water heating applications is important to the nation's energy strategies. Water heating in residential and commercial buildings accounts for about 10% of U.S. buildings energy consumption. Heat pump water heating (HPWH) technology is a significant breakthrough in energy efficiency, as an alternative to electric resistance water heating. Heat pump technology has shown acceptable payback period with proper incentives and successful market penetration is emerging. However, current HPWH require the use of refrigerants with high Global Warming Potential (GWP). Furthermore, current system designs depend greatly on the backup resistance heaters when the ambient temperature is below freezing or when hot water demand increases. Finally, the performance of current HPWH technology degrades greatly as the water set point temperature exceeds 330 K. This paper presents the potential for carbon dioxide, CO2, as a natural, environmentally benign alternative refrigerant for HPWH technology. In this paper, we first describe the system design, implications and opportunities of operating a transcritical cycle. Next, a prototype CO2 HPWH design featuring flexible component evaluation capability is described. The experimental setup and results are then illustrated followed by a brief discussion on the measured system performance. The paper ends with conclusions and recommendations for the development of CO2 heat pump water heating technology suitable for the U.S. market.

Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Wang, Kai [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL; Roetker, Jack [General Electric - Appliance Park

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

DOP Test Evaluation of the Ballistic Performance of Armor Ceramics against Long Rod Penetration  

SciTech Connect

A series of DOP tests with lateral confinement have been carried out and a linear relation between the residual penetration in RHA and the alumina thickness has been obtained. The rod configuration and the initial transient impact are the two factors that cause the gradual decrease of the differential efficiency factor (DEF) when the ceramic thickness is increased in literature. A new improved DEF definition is proposed to characterize the thick tile ceramic ballistic performance based on a more physical analysis.

Huang Fenglei; Zhang Liansheng [State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)

2006-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

265

Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TES Avg. DA Wholesale Price PV Penetration (% Annual Load) (Generation Sold at Low Prices PV Penetration (% AnnualTES Avg. DA Wholesale Price PV Penetration (% Annual Load) (

Mills, Andrew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Standardization in Technology-Based Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and servicing the markets based on ... Their established market positions promote evolutionary as ... of developing, producing, and marketing the core ...

2013-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

267

A concentration rebound method for measuring particle penetration and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A concentration rebound method for measuring particle penetration and A concentration rebound method for measuring particle penetration and deposition in the indoor environment Title A concentration rebound method for measuring particle penetration and deposition in the indoor environment Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-51631 Year of Publication 2003 Authors Thatcher, Tracy L., Melissa M. Lunden, Kenneth L. Revzan, Richard G. Sextro, and Nancy J. Brown Journal Aerosol Science & Technology Volume 37 Start Page Chapter Pagination 847-864 Abstract Continuous, size resolved particle measurements were performed in two houses in order to determine size- dependent particle penetration into and deposition in the indoor environment. The experiments consisted of three parts: measurement of the particle loss rate following artificial elevation of indoor particle concentrations,

268

Effects of Penetrative Radiation on the Upper Tropical Ocean Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of penetrative radiation on the upper tropical ocean circulation have been investigated with an ocean general circulation model (OGCM) with attenuation depths derived from remotely sensed ocean color data. The OGCM is a reduced ...

Raghu Murtugudde; James Beauchamp; Charles R. McClain; Marlon Lewis; Antonio J. Busalacchi

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Determining the Adequate Level of Distributed Generation Penetration...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determining the Adequate Level of Distributed Generation Penetration in Future Grids Speaker(s): Johan Driesen Date: March 18, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint...

270

Transmission System Performance Analysis for High-Penetration Photovoltaics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study is an assessment of the potential impact of high levels of penetration of photovoltaic (PV) generation on transmission systems. The effort used stability simulations of a transmission system with different levels of PV generation and load.

Achilles, S.; Schramm, S.; Bebic, J.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

The Penetration of Mountain Waves into the Middle Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A linear nonhydrostatic model of gravity waves forced by a bell-shaped ridge is used to investigate the penetration of mountain waves into the stratosphere and mesosphere during winter and fall. Gravity waves with horizontal scales less than 30 ...

Mark R. Schoeberl

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Maximum Photovoltaic Penetration Levels on Typical Distribution Feeders: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents simulation results for a taxonomy of typical distribution feeders with various levels of photovoltaic (PV) penetration. For each of the 16 feeders simulated, the maximum PV penetration that did not result in steady-state voltage or current violation is presented for several PV location scenarios: clustered near the feeder source, clustered near the midpoint of the feeder, clustered near the end of the feeder, randomly located, and evenly distributed. In addition, the maximum level of PV is presented for single, large PV systems at each location. Maximum PV penetration was determined by requiring that feeder voltages stay within ANSI Range A and that feeder currents stay within the ranges determined by overcurrent protection devices. Simulations were run in GridLAB-D using hourly time steps over a year with randomized load profiles based on utility data and typical meteorological year weather data. For 86% of the cases simulated, maximum PV penetration was at least 30% of peak load.

Hoke, A.; Butler, R.; Hambrick, J.; Kroposki, B.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Comparing Wealth Effects: The Stock Market versus the Housing Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MAREKET VERSUS THE HOUSING MARKET By Karl E. Case John M.Article ? Comparing Wealth E?ects: The Stock Market versusthe Housing Market Karl E. Case ? John M. Quigley Robert

Case, Karl E.; Quigley, John M.; Shiller, Robert J.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Duopoly electricity markets with accurate and inaccurate market goals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electricity markets are complex systems due to their deregulation and restructuring. We develop an agent-based simulation model for a stylized electricity pool market and simulate the market as a repeated game. An online hill climbing with adjustment ...

Zhi Zhou; Wai Kin Victor Chan; Joe H. Chow; Serhiy Kotsan

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Diagnosing Unilateral Market Power in Electricity Reserves Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep Figure 6: Energy market clearing prices CALPX $/MW $/MWbelow or above the price of the energy market that they mayreal-time energy) markets were subject to a price cap of $

Knittel, Christopher R; Metaxoglou, Konstantinos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Deployment & Market Transformation (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

NREL's deployment and market transformation (D and MT) activities encompass the laboratory's full range of technologies, which span the energy efficiency and renewable energy spectrum. NREL staff educates partners on how they can advance sustainable energy applications and also provides clients with best practices for reducing barriers to innovation and market transformation.

Not Available

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Export markets gain strength  

SciTech Connect

The prices for internally traded coal in the USA have reached record levels and the future market fundamentals look very good. This is mainly due to Asian demand. The article discusses recent markets for US coal and summarizes findings of a recent study by Hill & Associates entitled 'International coal trade - supply, demand and prices to 2025'. 1 ref., 2 tabs.

Fiscor, S.

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

278

Deployment & Market Transformation (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

NREL's deployment and market transformation (D and MT) activities encompass the laboratory's full range of technologies, which span the energy efficiency and renewable energy spectrum. NREL staff educates partners on how they can advance sustainable energy applications and also provides clients with best practices for reducing barriers to innovation and market transformation.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Electricity Market Module  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Market Module Market Module This page inTenTionally lefT blank 101 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Electricity Market Module The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules-electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, electricity load and demand, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2013, DOE/EIA-M068(2013). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most

280

Effect of Increased Natural Gas Exports on Domestic Energy Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Appendix B. Summary Tables Table B1. U.S. Annual Average Values from 2015 to 2025 low/ low/ high/ high/ low/ low/ high/ high/ low/ low/ high/ high/ low/ low/ high/ high/ baseline slow rapid slow rapid baseline slow rapid slow rapid baseline slow rapid slow rapid baseline slow rapid slow rapid NATURAL GAS VOLUMES (Tcf) Net Exports (1.90) (0.29) 0.11 0.17 1.74 (1.32) 0.32 0.70 0.79 2.35 (2.72) (1.17) (0.88) (0.73) 0.66 (2.00) (0.38) 0.01 0.07 1.64 gross imports 3.62 3.70 3.70 3.74 3.76 3.19 3.25 3.26 3.27 3.31 4.27 4.42 4.53 4.48 4.68 3.70 3.78 3.79 3.82 3.85

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Reducing Enzyme Costs Increases Market Potential of Biofuels...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

research has led to improvements in sugar yields and dramatically reduced ethanol production costs. The importance of this research was recognized in 2004 by an R&D 100...

282

Effect of Increased Natural Gas Exports on Domestic Energy Markets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIAs data, analyses, and forecasts are ... policy changes, and technological breakthroughs.

283

International Energy Outlook 2006 - World Oil Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil Markets Oil Markets International Energy Outlook 2006 Chapter 3: World Oil Markets In the IEO2006 reference case, world oil demand increases by 47 percent from 2003 to 2030. Non-OECD Asia, including China and India, accounts for 43 percent of the increase. In the IEO2006 reference case, world oil demand grows from 80 million barrels per day in 2003 to 98 million barrels per day in 2015 and 118 million barrels per day in 2030. Demand increases strongly despite world oil prices that are 35 percent higher in 2025 than in last year’s outlook. Much of the growth in oil consumption is projected for the nations of non-OECD Asia, where strong economic growth is expected. Non-OECD Asia (including China and India) accounts for 43 percent of the total increase in world oil use over the projection period.

284

MARKETING WORKS: Marketing Works is an opportunity for companies and organizations to commission a marketing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MARKETING WORKS: Marketing Works is an opportunity for companies and organizations to commission a marketing project, undertaken by postgraduate students from Strathclyde Business School's MSc programmes in the marketing department. In 2010/11 we undertook 22 Marketing Works projects, to include a wide range

Martin, Ralph R.

285

Electricity market clearing price forecasting under a deregulated electricity market .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Under deregulated electric market, electricity price is no longer set by the monopoly utility company rather it responds to the market and operating conditions. Offering (more)

Yan, Xing

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

System Operational and Planning Impacts of Increased Generator Cycling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This update describes research performed in 2012 to contextualize some of the key issues related to generator cycling with high wind and photovoltaic (PV) penetrations. Using representative system data from California, cycling with increasing wind and PV generation is examined. Sensitivities on the value of various generator-specific (turndown levels, hot start operation, outage rate, etc.) and system-specific (PV/wind mix, penetration of wind, etc.) characteristics are used to identify those ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

287

Solar Installation Labor Market Analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The potential economic benefits of the growing renewable energy sector have led to increased federal, state, and local investments in solar industries, including federal grants for expanded workforce training for U.S. solar installers. However, there remain gaps in the data required to understand the size and composition of the workforce needed to meet the demand for solar power. Through primary research on the U.S. solar installation employer base, this report seeks to address that gap, improving policymakers and other solar stakeholders understanding of both the evolving needs of these employers and the economic opportunity associated with solar market development. Included are labor market data covering current U.S. employment, expected industry growth, and employer skill preferences for solar installation-related occupations. This study offers an in-depth look at the solar installation sectors. A study published by the Solar Foundation in October 2011 provides a census of labor data across the entire solar value chain.

Friedman, B.; Jordan, P.; Carrese, J.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Market value and patent citations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Press, 1987. , , and . R&D, Patents, and Market ValueStock Market Valuation of R&D Investment during the 1980s. 1976. Pakes, A. On Patents, R&D, and the Stock Market Rate

Hall, Bronwyn H.; Jaffe, A; Trajtenberg, M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Ancillary services market in California  

SciTech Connect

This report includes sections on the following topics: (1) California restructured electricity system overview; (2) Reliability criteria; (3) Design of the California ISO ancillary services market; (4) Operation of ancillary services markets; (5) Ancillary services markets redesign; and (6) Conclusions.

Gomez, T.; Marnay, C.; Siddiqui, A.; Liew, L.; Khavkin, M.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Reliability and competitive electricity markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite all of the talk about ?deregulation? of the electricity sector, a large number of non-market mechanisms have been imposed on emerging competitive wholesale and retail markets. These mechanisms include spot market ...

Joskow, Paul L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Reliability and Competitive Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as energy is dispatched only when the market price exceedsof energy sold in the wholesale spot market: The price-energy dispatched through the market and a second higher price

Joskow, Paul; Tirole, Jean

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

2008 Solar Technologies Market Report  

SciTech Connect

The focus of this report is the U.S. solar electricity market, including photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies. The report is organized into five chapters. Chapter 1 provides an overview of global and U.S. installation trends. Chapter 2 presents production and shipment data, material and supply chain issues, and solar industry employment trends. Chapter 3 presents cost, price, and performance trends. Chapter 4 discusses policy and market drivers such as recently passed federal legislation, state and local policies, and developments in project financing. Chapter 5 provides data on private investment trends and near-term market forecasts. Highlights of this report include: (1) The global PV industry has seen impressive growth rates in cell/module production during the past decade, with a 10-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 46% and a 5-year CAGR of 56% through 2008. (2) Thin-film PV technologies have grown faster than crystalline silicon over the past 5 years, with a 10-year CAGR of 47% and a 5-year CAGR of 87% for thin-film shipments through 2008. (3) Global installed PV capacity increased by 6.0 GW in 2008, a 152% increase over 2.4 GW installed in 2007. (4) The United States installed 0.34 GW of PV capacity in 2008, a 63% increase over 0.21 GW in 2007. (5) Global average PV module prices dropped 23% from $4.75/W in 1998 to $3.65/W in 2008. (6) Federal legislation, including the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (EESA, October 2008) and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA, February 2009), is providing unprecedented levels of support for the U.S. solar industry. (7) In 2008, global private-sector investment in solar energy technology topped $16 billion, including almost $4 billion invested in the United States. (8) Solar PV market forecasts made in early 2009 anticipate global PV production and demand to increase fourfold between 2008 and 2012, reaching roughly 20 GW of production and demand by 2012. (9) Globally, about 13 GW of CSP was announced or proposed through 2015, based on forecasts made in mid-2009. Regional market shares for the 13 GW are about 51% in the United States, 33% in Spain, 8% in the Middle East and North Africa, and 8% in Australasia, Europe, and South Africa. Of the 6.5-GW project pipeline in the United States, 4.3 GW have power purchase agreements (PPAs). The PPAs comprise 41% parabolic trough, 40% power tower, and 19% dish-engine systems.

Price, S.; Margolis, R.; Barbose, G.; Bartlett, J.; Cory, K.; Couture, T.; DeCesaro, J.; Denholm, P.; Drury, E.; Frickel, M.; Hemmeline, C.; Mendelsohn, T.; Ong, S.; Pak, A.; Poole, L.; Peterman, C.; Schwabe, P.; Soni, A.; Speer, B.; Wiser, R.; Zuboy, J.; James, T.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PROGRAM 2 Presentation Overview * Introduction to current edition of U.S. wind energy market report * Wind Energy Market Trends - Installation trends - Industry trends - Cost...

294

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

natural gas prices), reversed this long-term trend in 2009gas market. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report 4. Price, Cost, and Performance Trends

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

2012 Wind Technologies Market Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2012 Wind Technologies Market Report Title 2012 Wind Technologies Market Report Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-6356E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Wiser, Ryan...

296

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report Title 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2012 Authors Wiser, Ryan H., and Mark Bolinger Date...

297

2012 Wind Technologies Market Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the status of the U.S. wind energy industry market in 2012; its trends, performance, market drivers and future outlook.

Wiser, R.; Bolinger, M.; Barbose, G.; Darghouth, N.; Hoen, B.; Mills, A.; Weaver, S.; Porter, K.; Buckley, M.; Fink, S.; Oteri, F.; Tegen, S.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the status of the U.S. wind energy industry market in 2011; its trends, performance, market drivers and future outlook.

Wiser, R.; Bolinger, M.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the status of the U.S. wind energy industry market in 2010; its trends, performance, market drivers and future outlook.

Wiser, R.; Bolinger, M.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Marketing Quality Energy Awareness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing and quality concepts were utilized in developing an employee awareness plan to facilitate long term employee participation that improved energy efficiency 15%. The plan was successfully introduced on a test basis in two manufacturing locations and now is a part of overall operations. The marketing concepts aided in determining who was the customer and what functional value an awareness plan has for employees (customers). Quality concepts, including performance management, augmented marketing strategies by determining customer requirements, measurements and feedback. The agreed upon critical components were formatted into an organized plan of education, assigned responsibility, feedback and incentives.

Fortier, L. J.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Utility Marketing Strategies & Pricing Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing seems to have come out of the utility closet once again, but it is a far sight different from that of the 1970s. While some are still on a sell, Sell, SELL! campaign, most are soberly looking at their customers from a different perspective. They are concerned about losing them to other service territories or seeing them vanish to domestic and foreign competition. There is a sense of a strategic alliance being sought by the most proactive of utilities in which they become allies of their customers. In this sense, the issue of how much these customers purchased from them vanishes into the shadows of the more important elements of the relationships. Oh sure, there still are some pushing technology as the customers answer. And there are others using incentive and other rate gambits to develop strategic load building. But there is a definite trend emerging toward building the relationship for the long haul and putting short range profit or number game objectives on the back burner. This paper investigates the most successful current utility marketing postures, how they are changing, where pricing fits in and what we are likely to see within the next few years. We will also illustrate the potential traps in competitive marketing and customer service that still lie in wait. We still see a major number of current marketing efforts that are unbalanced, unfairly reward luck, are wasteful and counterproductive. As many of you know, we strongly believe marketing must move from technology-based, silver bullet competition, frenetic non-competitive load retention dissipation and load claiming to relational-based marketing in which absolute integrity and service and their consequent trust become paramount. We believe utilities must build honest relationships with all their customers, not merely their energy purchasers. These include their fuel suppliers and regulators. When a utility is not trusted, the competitive situation is reduced to that of a commodity supplier in which price and terms constitute the whole of the relationship. Utilities reduced to this level of inadequate customer service ultimately will lose to those that recognize the alternative of adding value. As the nature and consequences of competition increase, so does the importance of breaking from the methods of the past.

Gilbert, J. S.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Impact of misalignment of trading agent strategy under a multiple market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We examine the effect of a market pricing policy designed to attract high-valued traders in a multiple market context using JCAT software. Our experiments show that a simple change to pricing policy can create market performance effects that traditional adaptive trading agents are unable to recognize or capitalize on, but that market-policy-aware trading agents can generally obtain. This suggests as parameterized and tunable markets become more common, trading strategies will increasingly need to be conditional on each individual markets policies.

Jung-woo Sohn; Sooyeon Lee; Tracy Mullen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

A review of market monitoring activities at U.S. independent system operators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Policymakers have increasingly recognized the structural impediments to effective competition in electricity markets, which has resulted in a renewed emphasis on the need for careful market design and market monitoring in wholesale and retail electricity markets. In this study, we review the market monitoring activities of four Independent System Operators in the United States, focusing on such topics as the organization of an independent market monitoring unit (MMU), the role and value of external market monitors, performance metrics and indices to aid in market analysis, issues associated with access to confidential market data, and market mitigation and investigation authority. There is consensus across the four ISOs that market monitoring must be organizationally independent from market participants and that ISOs should have authority to apply some degree of corrective actions on the market, though scope and implementation differ across the ISOs. Likewise, current practices regarding access to confidential market data by state energy regulators varies somewhat by ISO. Drawing on our interviews and research, we present five examples that illustrate the impact and potential contribution of ISO market monitoring activities to enhance functioning of wholesale electricity markets. We also discuss several key policy and implementation issues that Western state policymakers and regulators should consider as market monitoring activities evolve in the West.

Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Goldman, Charles; Bartholomew, Emily

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Physical Market Conditions, Paper Market Activity,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

12 12 Physical Market Conditions, Paper Market Activity, and the WTI-Brent Spread Bahattin Büyükşahin Thomas K. Lee James T. Moser Michel A. Robe* Abstract We document that, starting in the Fall of 2008, the benchmark West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil has periodically traded at unheard of discounts to the corresponding Brent benchmark. We further document that this discount is not reflected in spreads between Brent and other benchmarks that are directly comparable to WTI. Drawing on extant models linking inventory conditions to the futures term structure, we test empirically several conjectures about how time and quality spreads (prompt vs. first-deferred WTI; prompt Brent vs. WTI)

305

Allocating Transmission to Mitigate Market Power in Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy spot market equilibrium price is predictable, as it is with Cournot competition and information

Gilbert, Richard; Neuhoff, Karsten; Newberry, David

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of 20% Wind Penetration. Prepared for Xcel Energy.Denver, Colorado: Xcel Energy. EnerNex Corp. 2007. Finalof Colorado. Prepared for Xcel Energy. Denver, Colorado:

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of 20% Wind Penetration. Prepared for Xcel Energy.Denver, Colorado: Xcel Energy. EnerNex Corp. 2007. Finalof Colorado. Prepared for Xcel Energy. Denver, Colorado:

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

System Operations Planning: Xcel Energy North Case Study.of Colorado. Prepared for Xcel Energy. Denver, Colorado.Penetration. Prepared for Xcel Energy. Denver, Colorado:

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Evaluating Future Standards and Codes with a Focus on High Penetration Photovoltaic (HPPV) System Deployment (Poster)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Poster displaying solutions for evaluating future standards and codes for high penetration photovoltaic (HPPV) systems.

Coddington, M.; Kroposki, B.; Basso, T.; Lynn, K.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Liquid Fuels Market Module  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquid Fuels Market Module Liquid Fuels Market Module This page inTenTionally lefT blank 145 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Liquid Fuels Market Module The NEMS Liquid Fuels Market Module (LFMM) projects petroleum product prices and sources of supply for meeting petroleum product demand. The sources of supply include crude oil (both domestic and imported), petroleum product imports, unfinished oil imports, other refinery inputs (including alcohols, ethers, esters, corn, biomass, and coal), natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the LFMM projects capacity expansion and fuel consumption at domestic refineries. The LFMM contains a linear programming (LP) representation of U.S. petroleum refining

311

Why Markets Make Mistakes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many models of markets are based on assumptions of rationality, transparency, efficiency, and homogeneity in various combinations. They assume, at least implicitly, that decision makers understand the structure of the ...

Weil, Henry Birdseye

2009-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

312

Petroleum marketing annual 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Annual (PMA) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysis, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the fob and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Annual. For this production, all estimates have been recalculated since their earlier publication in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM). These calculations made use of additional data and corrections that were received after the PMM publication date.

NONE

1995-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

313

Essays in capital markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis consists of three essays in capital markets. The first essay presents a dynamic asset pricing model with heterogeneously informed agents. Unlike previous research, the general case where differential information ...

Makarov, Igor, 1976-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Capacity Markets for Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incentives to respond to real-time prices. This implies thatve minutes and providing real-time price of See Joskow andthe highest prices in the PJM real-time spot market occurred

Creti, Anna; Fabra, Natalia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Task 1: Market Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Final Report - 12501 3 ABSTRACT Building upon the 1999 AD Little Study, an expanded market analysis was performed by GE Power Systems in 2001 to quantify the potential demand...

316

Forward capacity market CONEfusion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In ISO New England and PJM it was assumed that sponsors of new capacity projects would offer them into the newly established forward centralized capacity markets at prices based on their levelized net cost of new entry, or ''Net CONE.'' But the FCCMs have not operated in the way their proponents had expected. To clear up the CONEfusion, FCCM designs should be reconsidered to adapt them to the changing circumstances and to be grounded in realistic expectations of market conduct. (author)

Wilson, James F.

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

Electricity Market Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Documents the Electricity Market Module as it was used for the Annual Energy Outlook 2013. The Electricity Market Module (EMM) is the electricity supply component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). The EMM represents the generation, transmission, and pricing of electricity. It consists of four submodules: the Electricity Capacity Planning (ECP) Submodule, the Electricity Fuel Dispatch (EFD) Submodule, the Electricity Finance and Pricing (EFP) Submodule, and the Electricity Load and Demand (ELD) Submodule.

Jeff Jones

2013-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

318

Designing Competitive Electricity Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This volume contains papers that were discussed at the first workshop on Markets for Electricity: Economics and Technology (MEET) held at Stanford University on March 7-8, 1997. The workshop's focus was how to design competitive electricity markets in an industry undergoing rapid changes in both economics and technology. The intended audience includes policy makers, policy-oriented academics, and corporate leaders. Chapters include: Introduction: Economic and Technological Principles in Designing Power M...

1998-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

319

Market Design Test Environments  

SciTech Connect

Power industry restructuring continues to evolve at multiple levels of system operations. At the bulk electricity level, several organizations charged with regional system operation are implementing versions of a Wholesale Power Market Platform (WPMP) in response to U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission initiatives. Recently the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and several regional initiatives have been pressing the integration of demand response as a resource for system operations. These policy and regulatory pressures are driving the exploration of new market designs at the wholesale and retail levels. The complex interplay among structural conditions, market protocols, and learning behaviors in relation to short-term and longer-term market performance demand a flexible computational environment where designs can be tested and sensitivities to power system and market rule changes can be explored. This paper presents the use of agent-based computational methods in the study of electricity markets at the wholesale and retail levels, and distinctions in problem formulation between these levels.

Widergren, Steven E.; Sun, Junjie; Tesfatsion, Leigh

2006-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

320

Impact of High Solar Penetration in the Western Interconnection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Impact of High Solar Penetration Impact of High Solar Penetration in the Western Interconnection Debra Lew National Renewable Energy Laboratory Nicholas Miller, Kara Clark, Gary Jordan, and Zhi Gao GE Energy Technical Report NREL/TP-5500-49667 December 2010 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Impact of High Solar Penetration in the Western Interconnection Debra Lew National Renewable Energy Laboratory Nicholas Miller, Kara Clark, Gary Jordan, and Zhi Gao GE Energy Prepared under Task No. SM101610

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

PENETRATION OF COAL SLAGS INTO HIGH-CHROMIA REFRACTORIES  

SciTech Connect

Slagging coal gasifiers are used for the production of electricity and synthetic gases, as well as chemicals. High temperatures in the reaction chamber, typically between 1250C and 1600C, high pressure, generally greater than 400 psi, and corrosive slag place severe demands on the refractory materials. Slag produced during the combustion of coal flows over the refractory surface and penetrates the porous material. Slag penetration is typically followed by spalling of a brick that significantly decreases the service life of gasifier refractories. Laboratory tests were conducted to determine the penetration depth of slags into high-chromia refractories as a function of time and temperature for various refractory-slag combinations.

Longanbach, Sara C.; Matyas, Josef; Sundaram, S. K.

2009-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

322

Southern California Edison High Penetration Photovoltaic Project - Year 1  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report discusses research efforts from the first year of a project analyzing the impacts of high penetration levels of photovoltaic (PV) resources interconnected onto Southern California Edison's (SCE's) distribution system. SCE will be interconnecting a total of 500 MW of commercial scale PV within their service territory by 2015. This Year 1 report describes the need for investigating high-penetration PV scenarios on the SCE distribution system; discusses the necessary PV system modeling and distribution system simulation advances; describes the available distribution circuit data for the two distribution circuits identified in the study; and discusses the additional inverter functionality that could be implemented in order to specifically mitigate some of the undesirable distribution system impacts caused by high-penetration PV installations.

Mather, B.; Kroposki, B.; Neal, R.; Katiraei, F.; Yazdani, A.; Aguero, J. R.; Hoff, T. E.; Norris, B. L.; Parkins, A.; Seguin, R.; Schauder, C.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Southern California Edison High Penetration Photovoltaic Project - Year 1  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses research efforts from the first year of a project analyzing the impacts of high penetration levels of photovoltaic (PV) resources interconnected onto Southern California Edison's (SCE's) distribution system. SCE will be interconnecting a total of 500 MW of commercial scale PV within their service territory by 2015. This Year 1 report describes the need for investigating high-penetration PV scenarios on the SCE distribution system; discusses the necessary PV system modeling and distribution system simulation advances; describes the available distribution circuit data for the two distribution circuits identified in the study; and discusses the additional inverter functionality that could be implemented in order to specifically mitigate some of the undesirable distribution system impacts caused by high-penetration PV installations.

Mather, B.; Kroposki, B.; Neal, R.; Katiraei, F.; Yazdani, A.; Aguero, J. R.; Hoff, T. E.; Norris, B. L.; Parkins, A.; Seguin, R.; Schauder, C.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Angle Instability Detection in Power Systems with High Wind Penetration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Angle Instability Detection in Power Angle Instability Detection in Power Systems with High Wind Penetration Using PMUs YC Zhang National Renewable Energy Laboratory Yingchen.zhang@nrel.gov 27/28 June 2013 Washington, DC DOE/OE Transmission Reliability Program Angle Instability Detection in Power Systems with High Wind Penetration Using Synchrophasor Measurements  Project Objective * Utilize synchrophasor measurements to estimate the equivalent inertia of a power source such as synchronous generators or wind turbine generators * Develop angle instability detection method for a system with high wind penetration using the synchrophasor measurements 2 3 Background Submitted to IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics * In case of angular instability, some machines will have

325

First laboratory perforating tests in coal show lower-than-expected penetration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Worldwide Coal Bed Methane (CBM) resources are huge, estimated at 3,000 to 9,000 Tcf. The production rate from CBM reservoirs is low, perhaps 50-100 mcf/day. Various completion methods are being evaluated and new technologies are being developed with the aim of increasing production rates. Considering this interest and activity level, little attention has been paid to the CBM completion fundamentals. Perforating is a critical part of this process, especially considering the PRB development migration from single-coal, open-hole completions into multi-zone, cased-hole completions. This paper describes the first known laboratory-testing program to investigate shaped charge penetration in coal targets. We describe mechanical properties of the coals tested, and penetration results for different shaped charges (of different designs), shot at various stress conditions. CT scan and cutaway imaging of the perforation tunnels are also discussed. Tests were conducted under dry and saturated conditions. The preliminary experiments reported here indicate that shaped charge penetration in coal is significantly less than expected, considering the target's density and strength. The authors provide insight into what may be the reasons for these unexpected results and recommend a path forward for shaped charge testing, designs, predictive tools, and how to optimize CBM completions.

Snider, P.M.; Walton, I.C.; Skinner, T.K.; Atwood, D.C.; Grove, B.M.; Graham, C.

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

Experiments in Support of Pressure Enhanced Penetration with Shaped Charge Perforators  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Computational analysis demonstrated that the penetration of a shaped charge could be substantially enhanced by imploding the liner in a high pressure light gas atmosphere. The gas pressure helps confine the jet on the axis of penetration in the latter stages of formation. A light gas, such as helium or hydrogen, is required in order to keep the gas density low enough so as not to inhibit liner collapse. These results have now been confirmed by experiment. Identical 5-foot long guns, each containing 37 perforators at a shot density of 12 SPF, were inserted in two API Section 1 concrete targets, poured on the same day and cured for the same period. One of the guns was fired with interior ambient (0.1 MPa) air pressure and the other with helium at 13.8 MPa (2,000 psia). The average penetration from the 37 perforations with the helium system increased 40.3% over that obtained with the conventional system.

Glenn, L.A.; Chase, J.B.; Barker, J.; Leidel, D.J.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

2010 Solar Technologies Market Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) 2010 Solar Technologies Market Report details the market conditions and trends for photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies. Produced by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), the report provides a comprehensive overview of the solar electricity market and identifies successes and trends within the market from both global and national perspectives.

Not Available

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Green Marketing, Renewables, Free Riders  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0632 0632 UC-1321 Green Marketing, Renewables, and Free Riders: Increasing Customer Demand for a Public Good Ryan Wiser and Steven Pickle Environmental Energy Technologies Division Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California Berkeley, California 94720 September 1997 The work described in this study was funded by the Assistant Secretary of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Utility Technologies, Office of Energy Management Division of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. i Table of Contents Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Section 1: Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

329

North American Natural Gas Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes die research by an Energy Modeling Forum working group on the evolution of the North American natural gas markets between now and 2010. The group's findings are based partly on the results of a set of economic models of the natural gas industry that were run for four scenarios representing significantly different conditions: two oil price scenarios (upper and lower), a smaller total US resource base (low US resource case), and increased potential gas demand for electric generation (high US demand case). Several issues, such as the direction of regulatory policy and the size of the gas resource base, were analyzed separately without the use of models.

Not Available

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Multi-well sample plate cover penetration system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An apparatus for penetrating a cover over a multi-well sample plate containing at least one individual sample well includes a cutting head, a cutter extending from the cutting head, and a robot. The cutting head is connected to the robot wherein the robot moves the cutting head and cutter so that the cutter penetrates the cover over the multi-well sample plate providing access to the individual sample well. When the cutting head is moved downward the foil is pierced by the cutter that splits, opens, and folds the foil inward toward the well. The well is then open for sample aspiration but has been protected from cross contamination.

Beer, Neil Reginald (Pleasanton, CA)

2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

331

Recent advances in understanding perforator penetration and flow performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Driven by the importance of perforation performance in both natural and stimulated completions, understanding of the factors that control penetration depth and formation damage has improved significantly over the last 10 years. Improved test procedures and their tabulated results are now available to predict downhole penetration as a function of rock properties and overburden stress. Progress has also been made in understanding the nature of permeability damage around perforations and how to prevent, remove, or bypass it. In particular, the mechanisms behind underbalanced perforating are being clarified, leading to better engineering of perforating procedures and better prediction of their results.

Halleck, P.M. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Impact of High Wind Power Penetration on Hydroelectric Unit Operations  

SciTech Connect

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) investigated the operational impacts of very high levels of variable generation penetration rates (up to 35% by energy) in the western United States. This work examines the impact of this large amount of wind penetration on hydroelectric unit operations. Changes in hydroelectric unit operating unit patterns are examined for an aggregation of all hydro generators. The cost impacts of maintaining hydro unit flexibility are assessed and compared for a number of different modes of system operation.

Hodge, B. M.; Lew, D.; Milligan, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Real estate private equity : market impacts on investment strategies and compositions of opportunity funds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market forces continually change the landscape of the real estate private equity ("REPE") industry. In the current market, robust capital raising and the emergence of new funds in REPE suggest increasing competition to ...

Lin, Alex

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

International Energy Outlook 2006 - World Coal Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coal Markets Coal Markets International Energy Outlook 2006 Chapter 5: World Coal Markets In the IEO2006 reference case, world coal consumption nearly doubles from 2003 to 2030, with the non-OECD countries accounting for 81 percent of the increase. Coal’s share of total world energy consumption increases from 24 percent in 2003 to 27 percent in 2030. Figure 48. World Coal Consumption by Region, 1980-2030 (Billion Short Tons). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 49. Coal Share of World energy Consumption by Sector 2003, 2015, and 2030 (Percent). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Table 10. World Recoverable Coal Reserves (Billion Short Tons) Printer friendly version

335

Predicting market power in wholesale electricity markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in California and more recently in the EU Sector Inquiry. The paper investigates its value in identifying the ability of ?rms to raise prices in an electricity market with contracts and capacity constraints and ?nd that it is most useful for the case of a single... positive number. Estimates for the value of the short-run demand elasticity for electricity are quite low, and over periods of months possibly below 0:25 for the ?domestic and other industry? sector, judging by the response to extraordinarily sharp price...

Newbery, David

336

Market vs. Non-Market Approaches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents a study comparing several alternative policy mechanisms being considered to cut CO2 emissions in the US. The benchmark is Cap-and-Trade, a market-based mechanism that has long been considered the optimal approach to reducing emissions at least cost. Cap-and-Trade is not currently being considered in policy circles due to a variety of factors, but the underlying issue of CO2 emissions reduction is still under active investigation. Alternatives to Cap-and-Trade analyzed here include a...

2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

337

Essays on multichannel marketing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multichannel marketing is the practice of simultaneously offering information, goods, services, and support to customers through two or more synchronized channels. In this dissertation, I develop an integrated framework of multichannel marketing and develop models to assist managers in their marketing resource allocation decisions. In the first essay of the dissertation, I investigate the factors that drive customers multichannel shopping behavior and identify its consequences for retailers. In the second essay, I build on this work and develop a model that enables firms to optimize their allocation of marketing resources across different customer-channel segments. In the first essay, I develop a framework comprising the factors that drive consumers channel choice, the consequences of channel choice, and their implications for managing channel equity. The results show that customer-channel choice is driven in a nonlinear fashion by a customer demographic variable such as age and is also influenced by consumer shopping traits such as number of categories bought and the duration of relationship with a retailer. I show that by controlling for the moderating effects of channel-category associations, the influence of customers demographics and shopping traits on their channel choices can vary significantly across product categories. Importantly, the results show that multichannel shoppers buy more often, buy more items, and spend considerably more than single channel shoppers. The channel equity of multichannel customers is nearly twice that of the closest single channel customers (online or offline). In the second essay, I propose a model for optimal allocation of marketing efforts across multiple customer-channel segments. I first develop a set of models for consumer response to marketing efforts for each channel-customer segment. This set comprises four models, the first for purchase frequency, the second for purchase quantity, the third for product return behavior, and the fourth for contribution margin of purchase. The results show that customers responses to firm marketing efforts vary significantly across the customer-channel segments. They also suggest that marketing efforts influence purchase frequency, purchase quantity and monetary value in different ways. The resource allocation results show that profits can be substantially improved by reallocating marketing efforts across the different customer-channel segments.

Kushwaha, Tarun Lalbahadur

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

The Importance of High Temporal Resolution in Modeling Renewable Energy Penetration Scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on spot market prices in Germany, Energy Policy, Vol 36,market Policy measures, price impact and investor incentives, Energyprice discussion is the wholesale market value of wind energy,

Nicolosi, Marco

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Global Natural Gas Market Trends, 2. edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report provides an overview of major trends occurring in the natural gas industry and includes a concise look at the drivers behind recent rapid growth in gas usage and the challenges faced in meeting that growth. Topics covered include: an overview of Natural Gas including its history, the current market environment, and its future market potential; an analysis of the overarching trends that are driving a need for change in the Natural Gas industry; a description of new technologies being developed to increase production of Natural Gas; an evaluation of the potential of unconventional Natural Gas sources to supply the market; a review of new transportation methods to get Natural Gas from producing to consuming countries; a description of new storage technologies to support the increasing demand for peak gas; an analysis of the coming changes in global Natural Gas flows; an evaluation of new applications for Natural Gas and their impact on market sectors; and, an overview of Natural Gas trading concepts and recent changes in financial markets.

NONE

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

340

The Penetration of Tritium into the Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The persistence of subsurface tritium maxima coincident with the Equatorial Currents is used to show that advection along isopycnals by the mean wind-driven circulation is the dominant process in the at most 14-year time scale for the penetration ...

Rana A. Fine; William H. Peterson; H. Gote Ostlund

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

High Penetration, Grid Connected Photovoltaic Technology Codes and Standards: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper reports the interim status in identifying and reviewing photovoltaic (PV) codes and standards (C&S) and related electrical activities for grid-connected, high-penetration PV systems with a focus on U.S. electric utility distribution grid interconnection.

Basso, T. S.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Reinforced concrete perforation and penetration simulation using AUTODYN-3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D hydrocode simulation on the perforation and penetration of reinforced concrete target has been performed. The simulation aims to examine the influence of the following constitutive models for concrete on a projectile's residual velocity: (1) constant-yield ... Keywords: Constitutive model, Hydrocode, Perforation, Projectile, Reinforced concrete

C. Y. Tham

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Slag Penetration into Refractory Lining of Slagging Coal Gasifier  

SciTech Connect

The impurities in coal are converted into molten slag typically containing SiO2, FeO, CaO, and Al2O3 when coal feedstock is burned in slagging gasifiers. The slag flows down the gasifier sidewalls, dissolves, and penetrates and reacts with the refractory lining that protects the stainless steel shell of the gasifier from elevated temperatures (13001600C). Refractories composed primarily of Cr2O3 have been found most resistant to slag corrosion, but they continue to fail performance requirements because of low resistance to spalling. Post-mortem analysis of high-chromia refractory bricks collected from commercial gasifiers suggests that the spalling is affected by the depth of slag penetration that is in turn affected by the wettability and interconnected porosity of the refractory as well as the slag viscosity. Laboratory tests were conducted to measure the viscosity of slags (Wyoming Powder River Basin [PRB], Pocahontas #3, and Pittsburgh #8), their contact angle on refractories (chromia-alumina [Aurex 75SR] and high-chromia [Serv 95 and Aurex 95P]), and the apparent porosity of selected refractories. In addition, the depth of slag penetration as a function of time and temperature was determined for various refractory-slag combinations. The results of laboratory tests were used to develop a refractory material that has high resistance to penetration by molten slag and thus has a potential to have a substantially longer service life than the materials currently being used.

Matyas, Josef; Sundaram, S. K.; Rodriguez, Carmen P.; Edmondson, Autumn B.; Arrigoni, Benjamin M.

2008-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

344

Molecular Partitioning during Host Cell Penetration by Toxoplasma gondii  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Partitioning during Host Cell Penetration by Toxoplasma gondii Audra J. Charron and L. David Sibley Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis of molecular reporters for raft and nonraft membrane sub- domains was monitored during parasite invasion

Arnold, Jonathan

345

Cloud-Level Penetrative Compressible Convection in the Venus Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-dimensional, nonlinear, fully compressible model of a perfect gas is used to simulate cloud-level penetrative convection in the Venus atmosphere from 40 to 60 km altitude. Three cases with different amounts of solar heating are considered: ...

R. David Baker; Gerald Schubert; Philip W. Jones

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Multi-vendor Penetration Testing in the Advanced Metering Infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-vendor Penetration Testing in the Advanced Metering Infrastructure Stephen McLaughlin, Dmitry,mcdaniel}@cse.psu.edu Abstract - The advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) is revolutionizing electrical grids. Intelligent AMI usage data, spoofing meters, and extracting sensitive data from internal regis- ters. More broadly, we

McDaniel, Patrick Drew

347

Introduction slide 2 Biofuels and Algae Markets, Systems,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuels Targets Federal RFS ­ 36 billion gallons by 2022 21 Billion Gallons from Advanced Biofuels US'S BIODIESEL MARKET OVERVIEW #12;SOURCE - BIODIESEL 2020: A GLOBAL MARKET SURVEY China's Biofuels Targets · 2010 - to increase biofuels production to nearly 4 million MT by 2010 · 2020 - target to replace 15

348

State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2009 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2009 State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2009 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2009 Agency/Company /Organization: Forest Trends Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Market analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: moderncms.ecosystemmarketplace.com/repository/moderncms_documents/SFCM State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2009 Screenshot References: State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2009[1] Overview "This report was created to increase transparency and answer fundamental questions about the supply of forestry-based carbon credits, such as transaction volumes, credit prices, hectares influenced and tenure rights. It outlines the aggregate numbers from our survey of 61 project developers1

349

Marketing Plan for the National Security Technology Incubator  

SciTech Connect

This marketing plan was developed as part of the National Security Preparedness Project by the Arrowhead Center of New Mexico State University. The vision of the National Security Technology Incubator program is to be a successful incubator of technologies and private enterprise that assist the NNSA in meeting new challenges in national safety and security. The plan defines important aspects of developing the incubator, such as defining the target market, marketing goals, and creating strategies to reach the target market while meeting those goals. The three main marketing goals of the incubator are: 1) developing marketing materials for the incubator program; 2) attracting businesses to become incubator participants; and 3) increasing name recognition of the incubator program on a national level.

None

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

350

Exclusionary Manipulation of Carbon Permit Markets: A Laboratory Test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The experiment reported here tests the case of so-called exclusionary manipulation of emission permit markets, i.e., when a dominant firm here a monopolist increases its holding of permits in order to raise its rivals costs and thereby gain more on a product market. Earlier studies have claimed that this type of market manipulation is likely to substantially reduce the social gains of permit trading and even result in negative gains. The experiment designed here parallels institutional and informational conditions likely to hold in real trade with carbon permits among electricity producers. Although the dominant firm withheld supply from the electricity market, the outcome seems to reject the theory of exclusionary manipulation. In later trading periods, closing prices on both markets, permit holdings and total electricity production are near competitive levels. Social gains of emissions trading are higher than in earlier studies. Key words: emissions trading; market power; experiments

Bjrn Carln

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

2013 Propane Market Outlook  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

3 3 Propane Market Outlook Assessment of Key Market Trends, Threats, and Opportunities Facing the Propane Industry Through 2020 P R E S E N T E D B Y : Prepared for the Propane Education & Research Council (PERC) by: ICF International, Inc. 9300 Lee Highway Fairfax, VA 22031 Tel (703) 218-2758 www.icfi.com Principal Authors: Mr. Michael Sloan msloan@icfi.com Mr. Warren Wilczewski wwilczewski@icfi.com Propane Market Outlook at a Glance ¡ Total consumer propane sales declined by more than 17 percent between 2009 and 2012, including 3.3 percent in 2011 and 10 to 12 percent in 2012. The declines in 2011 and 2012 were due primarily to much warmer than normal weather, as well as the impact of higher propane prices and continuing efficiency trends. Sales are expected to rebound in 2013 with a return to more

352

Distributed Wind Market Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Distributed Wind Market Distributed Wind Market Applications T. Forsyth and I. Baring-Gould Technical Report NREL/TP-500-39851 November 2007 NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute ● Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 Technical Report NREL/TP-500-39851 November 2007 Distributed Wind Market Applications T. Forsyth and I. Baring-Gould Prepared under Task No. WER6.7502 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

353

Coal Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

page intentionally left blank page intentionally left blank 153 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Coal Market Module The NEMS Coal Market Module (CMM) provides projections of U.S. coal production, consumption, exports, imports, distribution, and prices. The CMM comprises three functional areas: coal production, coal distribution, and coal exports. A detailed description of the CMM is provided in the EIA publication, Coal Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2011, DOE/EIA-M060(2011) (Washington, DC, 2011). Key assumptions Coal production The coal production submodule of the CMM generates a different set of supply curves for the CMM for each year of the projection. Forty-one separate supply curves are developed for each of 14 supply regions, nine coal types (unique combinations

354

Electricity Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 95 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Electricity Market Module The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules-electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, electricity load and demand, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2011, DOE/EIA-M068(2011). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most

355

Petroleum marketing monthly  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PPM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o. b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Uranium Marketing Annual Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Uranium Marketing Uranium Marketing Annual Report May 2011 www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or other Federal agencies. U.S. Energy Information Administration | 2010 Uranium Marketing Annual Report ii Contacts This report was prepared by the staff of the Renewables and Uranium Statistics Team, Office of Electricity, Renewables, and Uranium Statistics. Questions about the preparation and content of this report may be directed to Michele Simmons, Team Leader,

357

Electricity Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page inTenTionally lefT blank 91 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Electricity Market Module The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules-electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, electricity load and demand, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2012, DOE/EIA-M068(2012). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most

358

Coal Market Module This  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

51 51 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Coal Market Module The NEMS Coal Market Module (CMM) provides projections of U.S. coal production, consumption, exports, imports, distribution, and prices. The CMM comprises three functional areas: coal production, coal distribution, and coal exports. A detailed description of the CMM is provided in the EIA publication, Coal Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2012, DOE/EIA-M060(2012) (Washington, DC, 2012). Key assumptions Coal production The coal production submodule of the CMM generates a different set of supply curves for the CMM for each year of the projection. Forty-one separate supply curves are developed for each of 14 supply regions, nine coal types (unique combinations

359

Petroleum Marketing Annual 2009  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum Marketing Annual 2009 Petroleum Marketing Annual 2009 Released: August 6, 2010 Monthly price and volume statistics on crude oil and petroleum products at a national, regional and state level. Notice: Changes to EIA Petroleum Data Program Petroleum Marketing Annual --- Full report in PDF (1.2 MB) Previous Issues --- Previous reports are available on the historical page. Summary Statistics Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 1A Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD Districts HTML PDF TXT 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users HTML PDF TXT 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT Motor Gasoline to End Users HTML Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel to End Users HTML Other Petroleum Products to End Users HTML

360

Petroleum marketing monthly  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

NONE

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Petroleum marketing monthly  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Avoided emissions from high penetration of photovoltaic electricity in the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

emissions from high penetration of photovoltaic electricity in the emissions from high penetration of photovoltaic electricity in the United States Title Avoided emissions from high penetration of photovoltaic electricity in the United States Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Zhai, Pei, Peter H. Larsen, Dev Millstein, Surabi Menon, and Eric R. Masanet Journal Energy Volume 47 Start Page 443 Date Published 2012 Abstract This study evaluates avoided emissions potential of CO2, SO2 and NOx assuming a 10% penetration level of photovoltaics (PV) in ten selected U.S. states. We estimate avoided emissions using an hourly energy system simulation model, EnergyPLAN. Avoided emissions vary significantly across the country-mainly due to three state-specific factors: the existing resource mix of power plants (power grid fuel mix), the emission intensity of existing fossil fuel power plants and the PV capacity factor within each state. The avoided emissions per solar PV capacity (g/W) - for ten U.S. states -ranged from 670 to 1500 for CO2, 0.01e7.80 for SO2 and 0.25e2.40 for NOx. In general, avoided emissions are likely to be higher in locations with 1) higher share of coal plants; 2) higher emission of existing fossil fuel plants; and 3) higher PV capacity factor. To further illustrate the quantitative relationship between avoided emissions and the three state-specific factors, we conducted a sensitivity analysis. Finally, we estimated the change in avoided emissions in a coal-intensive state by varying the operational constraints of fossil-fuel power plants. At the 10% penetration level avoided emissions were not constrained by the ramp rate limitations, but the minimum capacity requirement significantly affected the avoided emission estimates.

363

Petroleum marketing monthly  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data.

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Information market based recommender systems fusion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recommender Systems have emerged as a way to tackle the overload of information reflected in the increasing volume of information artefacts in the web and elsewhere. Recommender Systems analyse existing information on the user activities in order to ... Keywords: collaborative filtering, content-based recommendation, ensemble recommenders, information markets

Efthimios Bothos; Konstantinos Christidis; Dimitris Apostolou; Gregoris Mentzas

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Electric Utility Marketing Guide to Foodservice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Business groups apply rigorous evaluation standards to guide them toward increased efficiency. Utility foodservice programs are not immune to this same sort of scrutiny. Designed to address key issues facing utility foodservice programs, this marketing guide is essentially a set of crucial guidelines and advice. This information can assist utilities servicing the foodservice industry to become more profitable.

1998-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

366

What's happening in Midwest ISO market?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

attributable to significantly decreased natural gas, oil and coal prices. (fuel costs represent the vast-ahead and real- time markets were significantly lower in 2006. Lower natural gas prices Improved coordination that allow gas turbines running at their EcoMin or EcoMax to set the energy prices. To increase

Tesfatsion, Leigh

367

Market Transparency and Forward Contracts: an Application to the Wholesale Market for Natural Gas ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a n-firm oligopoly model of strategic behavior in forward and spot markets that incorporates explicitly (i) firm heterogeneity in costs and in aversion to risk, and (ii) the extent to which the forward market is transparent. We show that the equilibrium hedge ratio of a firm is independent of the demand intercept parameter and of the marginal cost of the firm, increases as the firm becomes more risk-averse and as demand volatility goes up, while it decreases as the rival firms become more risk-averse. Moreover, the hedge ratio of a firm decreases as the forward market becomes more transparent and increases as the number of competitors goes up. Using data from the Dutch wholesale market for natural gas where we observe the number of players, spot and forward sales, churn rates and spot prices, we find evidence that strategic reasons play an important role at explaining the observed firms inverse hedge ratios. In order to assess how transparent the market really is, we estimate the model structurally. According to our estimates, the Dutch market for forward natural gas contracts appears to be quite transparent,

Remco Eijkel; Jos L. Moraga-gonzlez

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Market structure and the price of electricity: An ex ante analysis of the deregulated Swedish electricity market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Following new legislation the Swedish electricity market is about to be deregulated. The new system is designed to ensure competition in production and supply. The main motive for deregulation is to increase competition and thus achieve lower market prices. A possible threat to this outcome is the high degree of concentration on the seller side that characterizes the Swedish electricity market. In this paper we show that given the current structure of firms on the supply side, deregulation is not a sufficient condition for lower equilibrium prices in the electricity market. We use a numerical model to explore the quantitative relation between the Cournot-equilibrium price, the number of firms, and the size distribution of firms in the Swedish electricity market. We compute equilibrium electricity prices and a welfare measure in order to quantify the effect of asymmetric market concentration on competition. 3 refs., 1 fig., 6 tabs.

Andersson, B.; Bergman, L. [Stockholm School of Economics (Sweden)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

369

Simulation Models of Market Power in Electric Markets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Simulation Models of Market Power in Electric Markets Speaker(s): James Bushnell Date: October 26, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Bernard...

370

Market power in electricity markets: Beyond concentration measures  

SciTech Connect

The wave of electricity market restructuring both within the US and abroad has brought the issue of horizontal market power to the forefront of energy policy. Traditionally, estimation and prediction of market power has relied heavily on concentration measures. In this paper, the authors discuss the weaknesses of concentration measures as a viable measure of market power in the electricity industry, and they propose an alternative method based on market simulations that take advantage of existing plant level data. The authors discuss results from previous studies they have performed, and present new results that allow for the detection of threshold demand levels where market power is likely to be a problem. In addition, the authors analyze the impact of that recent divestitures in the California electricity market will have on estimated market power. They close with a discussion of the policy implications of the results.

Borenstein, S.; Bushnell, J.; Knittel, C.R.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

The effect of the transmission grid on market power  

SciTech Connect

If competition could extend without hindrance through the entire extent of an electrically connected power grid, the US would have just two electricity markets, each with a uniform price. These markets would be competitive indeed. Unfortunately, losses and congestion present barriers to competition and thereby provide the likelihood of significantly increased market power. This paper begins the analysis of congestion as it affects the physical extent of markets and thereby affects the degree of market power. This is new territory; very little has previously been written in this area. Although the theoretical developments reported here rely on complex economic analysis, and although the market behaviors described are extremely subtle, several broad generalizations relevant to policy analysis can be made. From these generalizations one major policy conclusion can be drawn: In an unregulated market it will be socially beneficial to build a grid that is more robust than what is optimal in a regulated environment. Unused capacity may be needed. For a line to support full competition it may need to have a capacity that is much greater than the flow that will take place on it under full competition. Markets do not have sharp boundaries. Even with only one line the two busses may be in different regions, the same region, or partially in each other`s region. Increasing capacity is more effective on a small line. If connecting two busses with a very strong line will reduce market power, then the first MW of connecting capacity will have the most impact and each additional MW will have less. A congested line will cut a market into two non-competing regions. In each region the generators will markup according to the elasticity of the demand in only their region. A generator may reduce output in order to congest a line and increase its market power.

Stoft, S.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Segmentation of the car market in China.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The Chinese car market has, through the last decade evolved into the major market in the world. Its car market from has become the (more)

Syed, Imran Ahmed

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

How Predictable Is The Chinese Stock Market?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? We analyze return predictability for the Chinese stock market, including the aggregate market portfolio and the components of the aggregate market, such as portfolios (more)

Jiang, Fuwei

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Market Damages and the Economic Waste Fallacy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robert E. Scott, The Case for Market Damages; Revisiting thethey pay less than full market damages but when buyerssellers recover full market damages. As a consequence,

Scott, Robert E.; Schwartz, Alan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Oils and Fats World Market Update 2011  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Archive of the Oils and Fats World Market Update 2011 Oils and Fats World Market Update 2011 Izmir, Turkey Oils and Fats World Market Update 2011 ...

376

Distributed Energy Resources Market Diffusion Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regional differences in energy markets and climates, as welldiverse climates and energy markets. These differences areanalyze the effect of other energy market policies in future

Maribu, Karl Magnus; Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Energy Efficiency in Regulated and Deregulated Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into other clean energy markets. The issue of doubleet al. , Energy Efficiency Policy and Market Failures, 20impede the functioning of markets, energy efficiency will be

Rotenberg, Edan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Essays on Asymmetric Information in Financial Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L. L. , 2006a, Information markets and the comovement ofboth clear the market and convey information (but not beA monopolistic market for information, Journal of Economic

Breon-Drish, Bradyn Mitchel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Rational Transparency Choice in Financial Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of all relevant market information. This is the case ofin a ?nancial market context, information turns into a2. Section 3 derives the information market equilibrium and

Muendler, Marc-Andreas

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

The Information Efficiency of Market Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aggregation of information in competitive markets, Journalstock markets where trades have diverse information, JournalTHE INFORMATION EFFICIENCY OF MARKET PRICES July 1985 by

Bossaerts, Peter

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Rational Information Choice in Financial Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of all relevant market information. This is the case ofunder what market conditions information acquisition occurs2 (1 + ?) 2 > 0. x Information Market Equilibrium in the Ab-

Muendler, Marc-Andreas

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Beyond Testing: Empirical Models of Insurance Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

life insurance market: asymmetric information revisited. J.of insurance markets with incomplete information. J. Econ.Keywords: Insurance markets; Asymmetric information; Adverse

Einav, Liran; Finkelstein, Amy; Levin, Jonathan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Oils and Fats World Market Update 2013  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Archive of AOCS Oils and Fats World Market Update 2013 Oils and Fats World Market Update 2013 Kiev, Ukraine Oils and Fats World Market Update 2013 ...

384

Trading and Prices in Commodity Markets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Trading and Prices in Commodity Markets EIA 2013 Workshop on Financial and Physical Oil Market Linkages ... Director of Energy Markets and Financial Analysis

385

Export.gov - Market Research Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market Research Print | E-mail Page Market Research Market Research Home Learn to Benefit from FTAs Webcasts on Exporting Country & Industry Webinars Order Custom Research Other...

386

Quantum Dating Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the dating market decision problem under the quantum mechanics point of view. Quantum states whose associated amplitudes are modified by men strategies are used to represent women. Grover quantum search algorithm is used as a playing strategy. Success is more frequently obtained by playing quantum than playing classic.

O. G. Zabaleta; C. M. Arizmendi

2010-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

387

Marketing Portfolio Bryan Huang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ranging from emails to phone numbers, which will reinforce trust with our customers. 3. Marketing.)......................................................................................................9 #12;3 BRYAN HUANG [Home address street number and name], [City], [St], [Zip code] [Phone number #12;4 BRYAN HUANG [Home address street number and name], [City], [St], [Zip code] [Phone number] [E

de Lijser, Peter

388

Coal Market Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Documents the objectives and the conceptual and methodological approach used in the development of the National Energy Modeling System's (NEMS) Coal Market Module (CMM) used to develop the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 (AEO2013). This report catalogues and describes the assumptions, methodology, estimation techniques, and source code of CMM's two submodules. These are the Coal Production Submodule (CPS) and the Coal Distribution Submodule (CDS).

Michael Mellish

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

389

European battery market  

SciTech Connect

The electric battery industry in Europe is discussed. As in any other part of the world, battery activity in Europe is dependent on people, prosperity, car numbers, and vehicle design. The European battery industry is discussed from the following viewpoints: battery performance, car design, battery production, marketing of batteries, battery life, and technology changes.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Petroleum marketing monthly, December 1983  

SciTech Connect

The preliminary statistics for October 1983, show that total operator sales of selected petroleum products, measured in gallons per day, decreased by 2.1 percent compared to the final September sales data. Substantial decreases in sales were reported for each of the four transportation fuels: motor gasoline, No. 2 diesel fuel, aviation gasoline, and kerosene-type jet fuel. Conversely, large increases were reported in operator sales of No. 2 fuel oil, while sales of the secondary heating fuels (kerosene, No. 1 distillate, and propane), along with sales of No. 4 and residual fuel oils, increased slightly. Total operator sales decreased at both the retail and wholesale levels. Because the smaller operators increased their retail product sales, their share of the total operator market increased slightly. Operator prices were predominantly down, except for retail prices of No. 2 fuel oil, aviation gasoline, and kerosene, and the wholesale prices of kerosene-type jet fuel and low-sulfur residual fuel oil. The average retail price of No. 2 distillate for all sellers similarly increased slightly, primarily as a result of increased sales to residential customers. Sales activity for each of the principal product groups are summarized.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Assessing Consumer Values and the Supply-Chain Market for the Integrated Water Heater/Dehumidifier  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a case study of the potential market for the dual-service residential integrated water heater/dehumidifier (WHD). Its principal purpose is to evaluate the extent to which this integrated appliance might penetrate the residential market sector, given current market trends, producer and consumer attributes, and technical parameters. The report's secondary purpose is to gather background information leading to a generic framework for conducting market analyses of technologies. This framework can be used to assess market readiness as well as factor preferred product attributes into the design to drive consumer demand for this product. This study also supports analysis for prototype design. A full market analysis for potential commercialization should be conducted after prototype development. The integrated WHD is essentially a heat-pump water heater (HPWH) with components and controls that allow dedicated dehumidification. Adequate residential humidity control is a growing issue for newly constructed residential homes, which are insulated so well that mechanical ventilation may be necessary to meet fresh air requirements. Leveraging its successful experience with the energy-efficient design improvement for the residential HPWH, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL's) Engineering Science and Technology Division's (ESTD's) Building Equipment Group designed a water-heating appliance that combines HPWH efficiency with dedicated dehumidification. This integrated appliance could be a low-cost solution for dehumidification and efficient electric water heating. ORNL is partnering with Western Carolina University, Asheville-Buncombe Technical Community College, American Carolina Stamping Company, and Clemson University to develop this appliance and assess its market potential. For practical purposes, consumers are indifferent to how water is heated but are very interested in product attributes such as initial first cost, operating cost, performance, serviceability, product size, and installation costs. The principal drivers for penetrating markets are demonstrating reliability, leveraging the dehumidification attributes of the integrated WHD, and creating programs that embrace first-cost and life-cycle cost principles.

Ashdown, BG

2005-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

392

TRANSMISSION EFFECTS IN MARKET POWER ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICITY MARKETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRANSMISSION EFFECTS IN MARKET POWER ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICITY MARKETS Thomas J. Overbye George Gross, congestion, merger analysis, PTDF 1. INTRODUCTION The electric power industry throughout the world of the impact that the electrical transmission system has on the analysis market power opportunities

Gross, George

393

The Smart Grid, Entry, and Imperfect Competition in Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most US consumers are charged a near-constant retail price for electricity, despite substantial hourly variation in the wholesale market price. The Smart Grid is a set of emerging technologies that will facilitate "real-time pricing " for electricity and increase price elasticity of demand. This paper simulates the eects of this increased demand elasticity using counterfactual simulations in a structural model of the Pennsylvania-Jersey-Maryland electricity market. The model includes a dierent approach to the problem of multiple equilibria in multi-unit auctions: I nonparametrically estimate unobservables that rationalize past bidding behavior and use learning algorithms to move from the observed equilibrium counterfactual bid functions. This routine is nested as the second stage of a static entry game that models the Capacity Market, an important element of market design in some restructured electricity markets. There are three central results. First, I nd that an increase in demand elasticity could actually increase wholesale electricity prices in peak hours, contrary to predictions from short run models, while decreasing Capacity Market prices and total entry. Second, although the increased demand elasticity from the Smart Grid reduces producersmarket power, in practice

Hunt Allcott

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

World NGL markets continue rapid expansion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The international LPG industry has expanded rapidly during the 1990s and undergone significant changes. LPG consumption has expanded at nearly twice the rate of world petroleum demand. In particular, LPG use in residential and commercial markets has more than doubled in many developing countries. Markets for LPG and other petroleum products have been opened in many countries, accelerating demand growth and creating investment opportunities in all downstream segments. This has led to an overall strengthening of global LPG pricing and the development of many new export gas-processing projects. The paper discusses world LPG demand in residential and commercial markets and in petrochemicals, world LPG supply, regional increases, international trade, the US situation in natural gas, NGL supply, and NGL demand.

Otto, K.; Gist, R.; Whitley, C. [Purvin and Gertz, Houston, TX (United States); Haun, R. [Purvin and Gertz, Dallas, TX (United States)

1998-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

395

Uranium Marketing Annual Report - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Uranium Marketing Annual Report Uranium Marketing Annual Report With Data for 2012 | Release Date: May 16, 2013 | Next Release Date: May 2014 | full report Previous uranium marketing annual reports Year: 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 Go Uranium purchases and prices Owners and operators of U.S. civilian nuclear power reactors ("civilian owner/operators" or "COOs") purchased a total of 58 million pounds U3O8e (equivalent1) of deliveries from U.S. suppliers and foreign suppliers during 2012, at a weighted-average price of $54.99 per pound U3O8e. The 2012 total of 58 million pounds U3O8e increased 5 percent compared with the 2011 total of 55 million pounds U3O8e. The 2012 weighted-average price of

396

Mining Conveyor Systems Marketing Kit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

These conveyor-systems marketing guidelines are aimed at utility sales and marketing personnel who wish to call on customers who currently mine various minerals, but have limited expertise in the use of conveyor systems.

1999-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

397

Aging and the labor market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a collection of three essays analyzing the interplay between aging and the labor market. The first chapter demonstrates that differential treatment by age exists in labor markets and explores different ...

Lahey, Joanna

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Implied volatility in oil markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modelling the implied volatility surface as a function of an option's strike price and maturity is a subject of extensive research in financial markets. The implied volatility in commodity markets is much less studied, due to a limited liquidity and ...

Svetlana Borovkova; Ferry J. Permana

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

DOE Solar Decathlon: Market Appeal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market Appeal Each U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon team builds its house for a target client of its choosing. The Market Appeal Jury, which is composed of professionals...

400

2008 Solar Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Looking backsizing the 2008 solar market. pp. 8893.Iberdrola launches its first solar thermal power plant. Analysis of a future solar market, management summary. Bonn,

Price, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The Importance of High Temporal Resolution in Modeling Renewable Energy Penetration Scenarios  

SciTech Connect

Traditionally, modeling investment and dispatch problems in electricity economics has been limited by computation power. Due to this limitation, simplifications are applied. One common practice, for example, is to reduce the temporal resolution of the dispatch by clustering similar load levels. The increase of intermittent electricity from renewable energy sources (RES-E) changes the validity of this assumption. RES-E already cover a certain amount of the total demand. This leaves an increasingly volatile residual demand to be matched by the conventional power market. This paper quantifies differences in investment decisions by applying three different time-resolution residual load patterns in an investment and dispatch power system model. The model optimizes investment decisions in five year steps between today and 2030 with residual load levels for 8760, 288 and 16 time slices per year. The market under consideration is the four zone ERCOT market in Texas. The results show that investment decisions significantly differ across the three scenarios. In particular, investments into base-load technologies are substantially reduced in the high resolution scenario (8760 residual load levels) relative to the scenarios with lower temporal resolution. Additionally, the amount of RES-E curtailment and the market value of RES-E exhibit noteworthy differences.

Nicolosi, Marco; Mills, Andrew D; Wiser, Ryan H

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

402

Commercial applications of solar total energy systems. Volume 3. Conceptual designs and market analyses. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall objective of this program was to assess the feasibility of using solar energy to provide a significant fraction of the energy needs of commercial buildings that have energy demands greater than 200 kWe. The STES concept trade studies, sensitivity parameters, performance characteristics, and selected concepts are discussed. Market penetration rate estimates are provided, and technology advancements and utilization plans are discussed. Photovoltaic STES configurations and Rankine cycle thermal STES systems are considered. (WHK)

Boobar, M.G.; McFarland, B.L.; Nalbandian, S.J.; Willcox, W.W.; French, E.P.; Smith, K.E.

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Brookhaven National Laboratory Technology Marketing ...  

Brookhaven National Laboratory Technology Marketing ... a critical reaction in a number of growing energy generation and utilization ... Energy Analys ...

404

Market Incentives to Improve Cybersecurity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Market Incentives to Improve Cybersecurity Herb Lin ... threaten critical societal functions. Regulation that imposes best practices on system ...

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

405

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy technology. 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report Appendix: Sources of Data Presented in this Report Installation Trends

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy technology. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report Appendix: Sources of Data Presented in this Report Installation Trends

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Determining the Adequate Level of Distributed Generation Penetration in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determining the Adequate Level of Distributed Generation Penetration in Determining the Adequate Level of Distributed Generation Penetration in Future Grids Speaker(s): Johan Driesen Date: March 18, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kristina LaCommare In this talk, Johan will discuss the technical barriers met while deploying distributed generation (DG) technology in the grid. These are related to voltage quality, reliability, stability of the grid, but also safety, environmental and economic issues are important. Eventually, the question 'how far can you go ?' is addressed. The range from small-scale local DG such as photovoltaics to large-scale (off-shore) wind farms are dealt with, each with their specific issues. The talk is illustrated with examples from research projects at the KULeuven financied by national and European

408

Impact of Electric Industry Structure on High Wind Penetration Potential  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

273 273 July 2009 Impact of Electric Industry Structure on High Wind Penetration Potential M. Milligan and B. Kirby National Renewable Energy Laboratory R. Gramlich and M. Goggin American Wind Energy Association National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report NREL/TP-550-46273 July 2009 Impact of Electric Industry Structure on High Wind Penetration Potential M. Milligan and B. Kirby National Renewable Energy Laboratory R. Gramlich and M. Goggin American Wind Energy Association

409

Engineering of markets and artifacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we continue the dialog started by Roth [19] between economics and engineering in the context of design of markets. We take the position that markets and engineered artifacts are thee the products of a social process of design formulation. ... Keywords: engineering design, market design, methodologies, modeling, testing

Eswaran Subrahmanian; Sarosh N. Talukdar

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Rational Herding in Microloan Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microloan markets allow individual borrowers to raise funding from multiple individual lenders. We use a unique panel data set that tracks the funding dynamics of borrower listings on Prosper.com, the largest microloan market in the United States. We ... Keywords: Bayesian inference, Prosper.com, microloan markets, observational learning, peer-to-peer lending, rational herding

Juanjuan Zhang; Peng Liu

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Market Structure Across Retail Formats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study how market structure within a product category varies across retail formats. Building on the literature on internal market structure, we estimate a joint store and brand choice model where the loading matrix of brand attributes are allowed to ... Keywords: brand maps, heterogeniety, market structure, retail formats

Karsten Hansen; Vishal Singh

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

TEACHING PLAN FOR BUSINESS MARKETING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and demographic trends. Technological evolution 1 30 Work on Marketing Plan: Macroenvironment 2 30 8 Session 6 on Marketing Plan: Macroenvironment 2 30 9 Seminar 3 Friday 28 January Case preparation 1 30 Case study: Textiles Garcia 55 Work on Marketing Plan: Macroenvironment 2 30 #12;Class preparation T Activity in class

Catalonia, Technical University of

413

Numerical Study of Penetrative and Solid Lid Nonpenetrative Convective Boundary Layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large eddy simulation model was used to generate and compare statistics of turbulence during nonpenetrative and penetrative dry convection. In penetrative convection dimensionless vertical velocities in updrafts were found to have almost the ...

Zbigniew Sorbjan

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Restoring Equilibrium to Natural Gas Markets: Can Renewable Energy Help?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AC03- 76SF00098. The report Easing the Natural Gas Crisis:Reducing Natural Gas Prices through Increased Deployment ofRestoring Equilibrium to Natural Gas Markets: Can Renewable

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Exclusionary manipulation of carbon permit markets: a laboratory test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The experiment reported here tests the case of so-called exclusionary manipulation of emission permit markets, i.e., when a dominant firm -- here a monopolist -- increases its holding of permits in order to raise its rivals' ...

Carln, Bjrn.

416

Market analysis for optoelectronic transceiver in short range data transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the increasing demanding of bandwidth in information technology, electronic connections meet the limitation in high speed processing in shorter and shorter reach. In the work, three markets for optical connection with ...

Luo, Jia

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Comparing Prediction Market Structures, With an Application to Market Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ensuring sufficient liquidity is one of the key challenges for designers of prediction markets. Various market making algorithms have been proposed in the literature and deployed in practice, but there has been little effort to evaluate their benefits and disadvantages in a systematic manner. We introduce a novel experimental design for comparing market structures in live trading that ensures fair comparison between two different microstructures with the same trading population. Participants trade on outcomes related to a two-dimensional random walk that they observe on their computer screens. They can simultaneously trade in two markets, corresponding to the independent horizontal and vertical random walks. We use this experimental design to compare the popular inventory-based logarithmic market scoring rule (LMSR) market maker and a new information based Bayesian market maker (BMM). Our experiments reveal that BMM can offer significant benefits in terms of price stability and expected loss when controlling ...

Brahma, Aseem; Magdon-Ismail, Malik

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

How Power Marketing Administrations Market Power and Work with Tribes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Power Marketing Administrations Market Power and Work with How Power Marketing Administrations Market Power and Work with Tribes Webinar How Power Marketing Administrations Market Power and Work with Tribes Webinar April 24, 2013 11:00AM MDT Webinar The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Tribal Energy Program, and Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) are pleased to continue their sponsorship of the Tribal Renewable Energy Webinar Series. The country's federal Power Marketing Administrations (PMAs) have valuable generation and transmission assets and have the potential to promote renewable energy development within their respective footprints. Get information on PMA assets and operations, examples of past cooperation with Tribes, and how to work with PMAs to promote future economic growth

419

Dosimeter for measuring skin dose and more deeply penetrating radiation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A personnel dosimeter includes a plurality of compartments containing thermoluminescent dosimeter phosphors for registering radiation dose absorbed in the wearer's sensitive skin layer and for registering more deeply penetrating radiation. Two of the phosphor compartments communicate with thin windows of different thicknesses to obtain a ratio of shallowly penetrating radiation, e.g. beta. A third phosphor is disposed within a compartment communicating with a window of substantially greater thickness than the windows of the first two compartments for estimating the more deeply penetrating radiation dose. By selecting certain phosphors that are insensitive to neutrons and by loading the holder material with netruon-absorbing elements, energetic neutron dose can be estimated separately from other radiation dose. This invention also involves a method of injection molding of dosimeter holders with thin windows of consistent thickness at the corresponding compartments of different holders. This is achieved through use of a die insert having the thin window of precision thickness in place prior to the injection molding step.

Jones, Donald E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Parker, DeRay (Idaho Falls, ID); Boren, Paul R. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

High Penetration PV Deployment in the Arizona Public Service System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In an effort to better understand the impacts of high penetrations of photovoltaic (PV) generators on distribution systems, Arizona Public Service (APS) and its partners have begun work on a multi-year project to develop the tools and knowledgebase needed to safely and reliably integrate high penetrations of utility and residential scale PV. Building upon the APS Community Power Project - Flagstaff Pilot, this project will analyze the impact of PV on a representative feeder in northeast Flagstaff. To quantify and catalog the effects of the estimated 1.5 MW of PV that will be installed on the feeder (both smaller units at homes as well as large, centrally located systems), high-speed weather and electrical data acquisition systems and digital 'smart' meters are being designed and installed to facilitate monitoring and to build and validate comprehensive, high-resolution models of the distribution system. These models will be used to analyze the impacts of the PV on distribution circuit protection systems (including anti-islanding), predict voltage regulation and phase balance issues, and develop volt/var control schemes. The goal of this paper is to provide insight and lessons learned on the early stages of high penetration PV deployment. Primarily focusing on modeling and data acquisition, this paper describes the overall project, early results, and plans for future phases of the project.

Narang, D.; Hambrick, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Career Concerns, Inaction, and Market Inefficiency: Evidence from Utility Regulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: This paper examines how career concerns can generate inefficiencies not only within firms but also in market outcomes. Career concerns may lead agents to avoid actions that, while value-increasing in expectation, could potentially be directly associated with a bad outcome. We apply this theory to natural gas procurement by regulated public utilities and show that career concerns may lead to a reduction in surplus-increasing market transactions during periods when the benefits of trade are likely to be greatest. We show that data from natural gas markets are consistent with this prediction and difficult to explain using alternative theories.

Severin Borenstein; Meghan Busse; Ryan Kellogg; Contributions From Lucas Davis; Paul Gertler; Erin Mansur; Steve Tadelis; Matt White; Frank Wolak

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Solar Energy Market Forecast | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Energy Market Forecast Solar Energy Market Forecast Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Solar Energy Market Forecast Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar Topics: Market analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Publications Website: giffords.house.gov/DOE%20Perspective%20on%20Solar%20Market%20Evolution References: Solar Energy Market Forecast[1] Summary " Energy markets / forecasts DOE Solar America Initiative overview Capital market investments in solar Solar photovoltaic (PV) sector overview PV prices and costs PV market evolution Market evolution considerations Balance of system costs Silicon 'normalization' Solar system value drivers Solar market forecast Additional resources"

423

Current State of the Voluntary Renewable Energy Market (Presentation)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This presentation highlights the status of the voluntary green power market in 2012. The voluntary green power market totaled more than 48 million MWh in 2012, with about 1.9 million customers participating. The supply continues to be dominated by wind, though solar is increasing its share of utility green pricing programs. Prices for voluntary renewable energy certificates (RECs) increased to above $1/MWh.

Heeter, J.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Peaks and Valleys: Experimental asset markets with non-monotonic fundamentals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the results of an experiment designed to measure how well asset market prices track fundamentals when the latter experience peaks and troughs. We observe greater price efficiency in markets in which fundamentals rise to a peak and then decline, than in markets in which fundamentals decline to a trough and undergo a subsequent increase. The findings demonstrate that the characteristics of the time path of the fundamental value can influence the degree of market efficiency. I.

Charles N. Noussair; Owen Powell

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

International Standards and Innovation: Opening Markets for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... improved market access for US manufacturers in key foreign markets; enhanced competitiveness of US manufacturers resulting from the lowering ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

426

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory Technology Marketing ...  

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory Technology Marketing Summaries. Here youll find marketing summaries for technologies available for licensing ...

427

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technology Marketing ...  

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technology Marketing Summaries. Here youll find marketing summaries for technologies available for licensing ...

428

Petroleum Marketing Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 2.9MB . . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Contacts, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . . Highlights . Petroleum Marketing Annual Highlights PDF . . Summary Statistics . Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF 8 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF 9 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF

429

Petroleum marketing annual 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Marketing Annual (PMA) contains statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the free-on-board (f.o.b.) and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented. For this publication, all estimates have been recalculated since their earlier publication in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM). These calculations made use of additional data and corrections that were received after the PMM publication dates.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 1.2MB . . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Contacts, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . . Highlights . Petroleum Marketing Annual Highlights PDF . . Summary Statistics . Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 8 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT

431

Petroleum Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 137 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Petroleum Market Module The NEMS Petroleum Market Module (PMM) projects petroleum product prices and sources of supply for meeting petroleum product demand. The sources of supply include crude oil (both domestic and imported), petroleum product imports, unfinished oil imports, other refinery inputs (including alcohols, ethers, bioesters, corn, biomass, and coal), natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the PMM projects capacity expansion and fuel consumption at domestic refineries. The PMM contains a linear programming (LP) representation of U.S. refining activities in the five Petroleum Administration for

432

Petroleum Marketing Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 1.2MB . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . Highlights . Petroleum Marketing Annual Highlights PDF . . Summary Statistics . Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 8 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT

433

Mass Market Demand Response  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mass Market Demand Response Mass Market Demand Response Speaker(s): Karen Herter Date: July 24, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Demand response programs are often quickly and poorly crafted in reaction to an energy crisis and disappear once the crisis subsides, ensuring that the electricity system will be unprepared when the next crisis hits. In this paper, we propose to eliminate the event-driven nature of demand response programs by considering demand responsiveness a component of the utility obligation to serve. As such, demand response can be required as a condition of service, and the offering of demand response rates becomes a requirement of utilities as an element of customer service. Using this foundation, we explore the costs and benefits of a smart thermostat-based demand response system capable of two types of programs: (1) a mandatory,

434

Petroleum Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page inTenTionally lefT blank 135 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Petroleum Market Module The NEMS Petroleum Market Module (PMM) projects petroleum product prices and sources of supply for meeting petroleum product demand. The sources of supply include crude oil (both domestic and imported), petroleum product imports, unfinished oil imports, other refinery inputs (including alcohols, ethers, esters, corn, biomass, and coal), natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the PMM projects capacity expansion and fuel consumption at domestic refineries. The PMM contains a linear programming (LP) representation of U.S. refining activities in the five Petroleum Administration for

435

Petroleum Marketing Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 2.9MB . . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Contacts, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . . Highlights . Petroleum Marketing Annual Highlights PDF . . Summary Statistics . Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF 8 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF 9 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF

436

Endogenous Market Turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 2006. Can feedback traders rock the markets? A logistic tale of persistence and chaos, CERF Working Paper 26, Cambridge University. 19 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 x 10 -8 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 5000 0... (lambdat) RETURN DYNAMICS: MARKET STRESS (theta=0.5, sigma=0.10) 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 5000 1 2 3 4 x 10 -8 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 5000 0.5 1 1.5 2 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 1.1 1.2 1.30 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 Iterated returns (xij...

Tambakis, Demosthenes N

437

Distributed Wind Market Applications  

SciTech Connect

Distributed wind energy systems provide clean, renewable power for on-site use and help relieve pressure on the power grid while providing jobs and contributing to energy security for homes, farms, schools, factories, private and public facilities, distribution utilities, and remote locations. America pioneered small wind technology in the 1920s, and it is the only renewable energy industry segment that the United States still dominates in technology, manufacturing, and world market share. The series of analyses covered by this report were conducted to assess some of the most likely ways that advanced wind turbines could be utilized apart from large, central station power systems. Each chapter represents a final report on specific market segments written by leading experts in this field. As such, this document does not speak with one voice but rather a compendium of different perspectives, which are documented from a variety of people in the U.S. distributed wind field.

Forsyth, T.; Baring-Gould, I.

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

A rigged market  

SciTech Connect

The mobile rig market remains a unique sector of the global upstream oil and gas industry. Big oil is continuing to emerge blinking from the darkness of its recent cash-starved existence to bask in the glory of a resurgent oil price. But the rig sector is once again lagging behind the pace being set by operators as they open up their wallets for new or delayed exploration and production projects. This paper gives statistics on worldwide count and contracts.

Thomas, M.

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Environmental acceptability of high-performance alternatives for depleted uranium penetrators  

SciTech Connect

The Army`s environmental strategy for investigating material substitution and management is to measure system environmental gains/losses in all phases of the material management life cycle from cradle to grave. This study is the first in a series of new investigations, applying material life cycle concepts, to evaluate whether there are environmental benefits from increasing the use of tungsten as an alternative to depleted uranium (DU) in Kinetic Energy Penetrators (KEPs). Current military armor penetrators use DU and tungsten as base materials. Although DU alloys have provided the highest performance of any high-density alloy deployed against enemy heavy armor, its low-level radioactivity poses a number of environmental risks. These risks include exposures to the military and civilian population from inhalation, ingestion, and injection of particles. Depleted uranium is well known to be chemically toxic (kidney toxicity), and workplace exposure levels are based on its renal toxicity. Waste materials containing DU fragments are classified as low-level radioactive waste and are regulated by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. These characteristics of DU do not preclude its use in KEPs. However, long-term management challenges associated with KEP deployment and improved public perceptions about environmental risks from military activities might be well served by a serious effort to identify, develop, and substitute alternative materials that meet performance objectives and involve fewer environmental risks. Tungsten, a leading candidate base material for KEPS, is potentially such a material because it is not radioactive. Tungsten is less well studied, however, with respect to health impacts and other environmental risks. The present study is designed to contribute to the understanding of the environmental behavior of tungsten by synthesizing available information that is relevant to its potential use as a penetrator.

Kerley, C.R.; Easterly, C.E.; Eckerman, K.F. [and others] [and others

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Market Power in California's Gasoline Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

increasing scarcity of refinery capacity among plants thatincreasing scarcity of refinery capacity among plants thatof the U.S. , nearby foreign refineries in the Caribbean and

Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, James; Lewis, Matthew

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Petroleum Marketing Monthly Archives  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum Marketing Monthly Archives Petroleum Marketing Monthly Archives Choose the year of the Petroleum Marketing Monthly you wish to view. + EXPAND ALL 2014-2015 2014 2015 Data ending January 10/2013 2012-2013 2012 2013 Data ending January 10/2011 January 10/2012 February 11/2011 February 11/2012 March 12/2011 March 12/2012 April 1/2012 April 1/2013 May 2/2012 May 2/2013 June 3/2012 June 3/2013 July 4/2012 July 4/2013 August 5/2012 August 5/2013 September 6/2012 September 6/2013 October 7/2012 October 7/2013 November 8/2012 November 8/2013 December 9/2012 December 9/2013 2010 - 2011 2010 2011 Data ending Data ending January 10/2009 January 10/2010 February 11/2009 February 11/2010 March 12/2009 March 12/2010 April 1/2010 April 1/2011 May 2/2010 May 2/2011

442

Theory of market fluctuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose coalescent mechanism of firms growing, driving by the supply and redistribution of external resources. We show, that it leads to Zipf distribution of firms over their sizes, which turns to stretched exponent because of size-dependent effects. We also present new approach to describe fluctuations in the market, based on separation of hot (short-time) and cold (long-time) degrees of freedoms. It predicts observable tent-like distribution of firm grow rates with the same exponent of the power tail for different time scales. The theory explains observable grow and decrease asymmetry of the distribution, and its dependence on firm size. We also calculate the uni- and bivariate probability distributions of price fluctuations in financial market. The model takes into account feedback between price expectations and the real price, and explains first time all the set of empirical data for all groups of stocks: "compass rose" and "market mill" patterns, conditional distribution, "D-smile", z-shaped response,...

Panyukov, S V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Fuel cell market applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is a review of the US (and international) fuel cell development for the stationary power generation market. Besides DOE, GRI, and EPRI sponsorship, the US fuel cell program has over 40% cost-sharing from the private sector. Support is provided by user groups with over 75 utility and other end-user members. Objectives are to develop and demonstrate cost-effective fuel cell power generation which can initially be commercialized into various market applications using natural gas fuel by the year 2000. Types of fuel cells being developed include PAFC (phosphoric acid), MCFC (molten carbonate), and SOFC (solid oxide); status of each is reported. Potential international applications are reviewed also. Fuel cells are viewed as a force in dispersed power generation, distributed power, cogeneration, and deregulated industry. Specific fuel cell attributes are discussed: Fuel cells promise to be one of the most reliable power sources; they are now being used in critical uninterruptible power systems. They need hydrogen which can be generated internally from natural gas, coal gas, methanol landfill gas, or other fuels containing hydrocarbons. Finally, fuel cell development and market applications in Japan are reviewed briefly.

Williams, M.C.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

444

Miscellaneous: Uruguay energy supply options study assessing the market for natural gas - executive summary.  

SciTech Connect

Uruguay is in the midst of making critical decisions affecting the design of its future energy supply system. Momentum for change is expected to come from several directions, including recent and foreseeable upgrades and modifications to energy conversion facilities, the importation of natural gas from Argentina, the possibility for a stronger interconnection of regional electricity systems, the country's membership in MERCOSUR, and the potential for energy sector reforms by the Government of Uruguay. The objective of this study is to analyze the effects of several fuel diversification strategies on Uruguay's energy supply system. The analysis pays special attention to fuel substitution trends due to potential imports of natural gas via a gas pipeline from Argentina and increasing electricity ties with neighboring countries. The Government of Uruguay has contracted with Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) to study several energy development scenarios with the support of several Uruguayan institutions. Specifically, ANL was asked to conduct a detailed energy supply and demand analysis, develop energy demand projections based on an analysis of past energy demand patterns with support from local institutions, evaluate the effects of potential natural gas imports and electricity exchanges, and determine the market penetration of natural gas under various scenarios.

Conzelmann, G.; Veselka, T.; Decision and Information Sciences

2008-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

445

U.S. Distillate Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

diesel and heating fuel prices diesel and heating fuel prices surged. The largest increases occurred in the distillate-based fuels (heating oil and diesel) in the Northeast. The main factors driving up these prices were low stocks leading into January, followed by a bout of severe weather that impacted both supply and demand. Warmer weather and the arrival of new supply, mainly imports, relieved the supply/demand imbalance and brought prices back down. The spike is now behind us, but high crude prices are keeping prices above year-ago levels. The low stock situation that set the stage for the distillate price spike was not unique to the United States, Low stocks exist worldwide and are not limited to distillate. The low stock situation stems from what is happening in the crude oil markets. A crude oil supply shortage drove crude

446

Energy Imbalance Markets (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The anticipated increase in variable renewable generation, such as wind and solar power, over the next several years has raised concerns about how system operators will maintain balance between electricity production and demand in the Western Interconnection, especially in its smaller balancing authority areas (BAAs). Given renewable portfolio standards in the West, it is possible that more than 50 gigawatts of wind capacity will be installed by 2020. Significant quantities of solar generation are likely to be added as well. Meanwhile, uncertainties about future load growth and challenges siting new transmission and generation resources may add additional stresses on the Western Interconnection of the future. One proposed method of addressing these challenges is an energy imbalance market (EIM). An EIM is a means of supplying and dispatching electricity to balance fluctuations in generation and load. It aggregates the variability of generation and load over multiple balancing areas (BAs).

Not Available

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Market Analyses | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Market Analyses Market Analyses Market Analyses November 1, 2013 - 11:40am Addthis Need information on the market potential for combined heat and power (CHP) in the U.S.? These assessments and analyses cover a wide range of markets including commercial and institutional buildings and facilities, district energy, and industrial sites. The market potential for CHP at federal sites and in selected states/regions is also examined. Commercial CHP and Bioenergy Systems for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants Part I, 17 pp and Part II, 28 pp, Nov. 2007 Cooling, Heating, and Power for Commercial Buildings: Benefits Analysis, 310 pp, April 2002 Engine Driven Combined Heat and Power: Arrow Linen Supply, 21 pp, Dec. 2008 Integrated Energy Systems for Buildings: A Market Assessment, 77 pp,

448

Benefit-cost analysis of DOE's Current Federal Program to increase hydrothermal resource utilization. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The impact of DOE's Current Federal Program on the commercialization of hydrothermal resources between 1980 and 2000 is analyzed. The hydrothermal resources of the United States and the types of DOE activities used to stimulate the development of these resources for both electric power and direct heat use are described briefly. The No Federal Program and the Current Federal Program are then described in terms of funding levels and the resultant market penetration estimates through 2000. These market penetration estimates are also compared to other geothermal utilization forecasts. The direct benefits of the Current Federal Program are next presented for electric power and direct heat use applications. An analysis of the external impacts associated with the additional hydrothermal resource development resulting from the Current Federal Program is also provided. Included are environmental effects, national security/balance-of-payments improvements, socioeconomic impacts and materials requirements. A summary of the analysis integrating the direct benefits, external impacts and DOE program costs concludes the report.

Not Available

1981-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

449

Economics and market potential of hydrogen production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A study was undertaken to evaluate the economics of producing hydrogen from coal and from water and to assess the market potential for this hydrogen in chemical and fuel applications. Results of this study are summarized. Current chemical applications of hydrogen in manufacturing ammonia and methanol, in refining petroleum and in specialty uses provide a base market for penetration by new hydrogen production technologies, although prospects for the use of hydrogen in fuel applications remain unclear. Electrolysis and coal gasification will be complementary, not competitive, technologies for producing hydrogen. Coal gasification plants are better suited to production of large quantities of hydrogen, while electrolyzers are better suited to the production of hydrogen for small-scale uses. Hydrogen produced through coal gasification may be economical in chemical applications (e.g., ammonia production) by the late 1990's. Development programs now underway are expected to provide new coal gasification technologies with lower first costs and higher efficiencies than current technologies. An on-site coal gasification plant supplying hydrogen in the quantities usually required in chemical applications (from 10 to 100 million cubic feet per day) will be smaller than is generally proposed for syngas plants. Growth in smaller scale specialty uses of hydrogen and improvements in the technology for electrolysis will create conditions favorable to expanded use of hydrogen produced through water electrolysis. The major constraint on use of electrolysis will be the availability of low cost electricity. Shortages of natural gas caused by declining domestic production could induce shifts to producing hydrogen through electrolysis or through coal gasification earlier in time (i.e., the late 1980's or early 1990's) than is suggested by comparative cost calculations alone.

Not Available

1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Economics and market potential of hydrogen production  

SciTech Connect

A study was undertaken to evaluate the economics of producing hydrogen from coal and from water and to assess the market potential for this hydrogen in chemical and fuel applications. Results of this study are summarized. Current chemical applications of hydrogen in manufacturing ammonia and methanol, in refining petroleum and in specialty uses provide a base market for penetration by new hydrogen production technologies, although prospects for the use of hydrogen in fuel applications remain unclear. Electrolysis and coal gasification will be complementary, not competitive, technologies for producing hydrogen. Coal gasification plants are better suited to production of large quantities of hydrogen, while electrolyzers are better suited to the production of hydrogen for small-scale uses. Hydrogen produced through coal gasification may be economical in chemical applications (e.g., ammonia production) by the late 1990's. Development programs now underway are expected to provide new coal gasification technologies with lower first costs and higher efficiencies than current technologies. An on-site coal gasification plant supplying hydrogen in the quantities usually required in chemical applications (from 10 to 100 million cubic feet per day) will be smaller than is generally proposed for syngas plants. Growth in smaller scale specialty uses of hydrogen and improvements in the technology for electrolysis will create conditions favorable to expanded use of hydrogen produced through water electrolysis. The major constraint on use of electrolysis will be the availability of low cost electricity. Shortages of natural gas caused by declining domestic production could induce shifts to producing hydrogen through electrolysis or through coal gasification earlier in time (i.e., the late 1980's or early 1990's) than is suggested by comparative cost calculations alone.

1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

The implications of potential `lock-in` markets for renewable energy  

SciTech Connect

Nonlinear economic effects can cause unpredictable and sometimes undesirable outcomes in the marketplace. Increasing returns can lead to self-reinforcing situation in which increasing market share lead to a more attractive product, which leads in turn to further increases in market share. This results in ``lock-in`` of a technology, which cannot be overcome except by a significant shift in technology, consumer tastes, or other market factors.

Cowan, R.; Kline, D.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Notes from Financial and Physical Oil Market Linkages  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Notes from Financial and Physical Oil Market Linkages Notes from Financial and Physical Oil Market Linkages August 24, 2011 Session 1: 9:30 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. Paper Title: Does 'Paper Oil' Matter? Presenter: Michel Robe, American University Discussant: James Smith, Southern Methodist University Paper Abstract We construct a uniquely detailed, comprehensive dataset of trader positions in U.S. energy futures markets. We find considerable changes in the make-up of the open interest between 2000 and 2010 and show that these changes impact asset pricing. Specifically, dynamic conditional correlations between the rates of return on investable energy and stock market indices increase significantly amid greater activity by speculators in general and hedge funds in particular (especially funds active in both equity and energy markets). The impact of hedge fund activity is

453

Calculation of the Effect of Random Superfluid Density on the Temperature Dependence of the Penetration Depth  

SciTech Connect

Microscopic variations in composition or structure can lead to nanoscale inhomogeneity in superconducting properties such as the magnetic penetration depth, but measurements of these properties are usually made on longer length scales. We solve a generalized London equation with a non-uniform penetration depth {lambda}(r), obtaining an approximate solution for the disorder-averaged Meissner screening. We find that the effective penetration depth is different from the average penetration depth and is sensitive to the details of the disorder. These results indicate the need for caution when interpreting measurements of the penetration depth and its temperature dependence in systems which may be inhomogeneous.

Lippman, Thomas; Moler, Kathryn A.

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

454

An analysis of the money market linkages between South Africa and selected major world economies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Globalisation and financial liberalisation has increased the linkages across countries in recent times. The existence of money market links has important implications for both domestic (more)

Barnor, Joel A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Empirical analysis of the spot market implications of price-elastic demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are exposed to real-time electricity prices, then they cansustained increases in the electricity price. Greater pricethe market-clearing electricity price. Indeed, the remaining

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Bartholomew, Emily S.; Marnay, Chris

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Optimal spot market inventory strategies in the presence of cost and price risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal spot market inventory strategies in the presence ofeither increase or decrease inventory by buying or sellingof actively managing inventory during the period rather than

Guo, X.; Kaminsky, P.; Tomecek, P.; Yuen, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Diagnosing Market Power in California's Deregulated Wholesale Electricity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effective competition in wholesale electricity markets is a necessary feature of a successful electricity supply industry restructuring. We examine the degree of competition in the California wholesale electricity market during the period June 1998 to September 1999 by comparing the market prices with estimates of the prices that would have resulted if owners of instate fossil fuel generating facilities behaved as price takers. We find that there were significant departures from competitive pricing and that these departures are most pronounced during the highest demand periods, which tend to occur during the months of July through September. Through most of the winter and spring of 1999 there was little evidence of the exercise of market power. We find a significantly lower amount of market power exercised during summer 1999 than for the same months in summer 1998. Overall, the exercise of market power raised the cost of power purchases by about 16% above the competitive level. Following the p...

Severin Borenstein; Severin Borenstein; James Bushnell; James Bushnell; Frank Wolak; Frank Wolak

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Power marketing and renewable energy  

SciTech Connect

Power marketing refers to wholesale and retail transactions of electric power made by companies other than public power entities and the regulated utilities that own the generation and distribution lines. The growth in power marketing has been a major development in the electric power industry during the last few years, and power marketers are expected to realize even more market opportunities as electric industry deregulation proceeds from wholesale competition to retail competition. This Topical Issues Brief examines the nature of the power marketing business and its relationship with renewable power. The information presented is based on interviews conducted with nine power marketing companies, which accounted for almost 54% of total power sales by power marketers in 1995. These interviews provided information on various viewpoints of power marketers, their experience with renewables, and their respective outlooks for including renewables in their resource portfolios. Some basic differences exist between wholesale and retail competition that should be recognized when discussing power marketing and renewable power. At the wholesale level, the majority of power marketers stress the commodity nature of electricity. The primary criteria for developing resource portfolios are the same as those of their wholesale customers: the cost and reliability of power supplies. At the retail level, electricity may be viewed as a product that includes value-added characteristics or services determined by customer preferences.

Fang, J.M.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Parametric studies of penetration events : a design and analysis of experiments approach.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical screening study of the interaction between a penetrator and a geological target with a preformed hole has been carried out to identify the main parameters affecting the penetration event. The planning of the numerical experiment was based on the orthogonal array OA(18,7,3,2), which allows 18 simulation runs with 7 parameters at 3 levels each. The strength of 2 of the array allows also for two-factor interaction studies. The seven parameters chosen for this study are: penetrator offset, hole diameter, hole taper, vertical and horizontal velocity of the penetrator, angle of attack of the penetrator and target material. The analysis of the simulation results has been based on main effects plots and analysis of variance (ANOVA), and it has been performed using three metrics: the maximum values of the penetration depth, penetrator deceleration and plastic strain in the penetrator case. This screening study shows that target material has a major influence on penetration depth and penetrator deceleration, while penetrator offset has the strongest effect on the maximum plastic strain.

Chiesa, Michael L.; Marin, Esteban B.; Booker, Paul M.

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Marketing policy for developing countries: the case for Uganda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The need to diversify the agricultural sector and avoid dependence upon the export of a narrow range of crops has necessitated increasing participation in non-traditional crops trade. For an agro-based economy to expand and diversify beyond the traditional system, an appropriate production and marketing policy needs to be put in place, if Uganda is going to compete in the international market. The problems inherent in the produce trade and the difficulty of finding export markets for some of the crops justify the improvement of the domestic and export marketing system in order to be able to exploit any available market opportunities. If Uganda is going to compete in the international agricultural market on long-term sustainable basis, then policies that allow and encourage investment and freedom to import agricultural inputs and export agricultural products is essential. Only a modern commercial agricultural production and marketing system can expect to contribute in international trade and thereby contribute much to long-run development. Government and private leadership is required to support an open and competitive system based on laws that maintain competition and property rights and individual freedom to decide what to produce,, and what and where to market.

Bazaala, Nalumansi Mariam

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

The effect of penetration factor, deposition, and environmental factors on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The effect of penetration factor, deposition, and environmental factors on The effect of penetration factor, deposition, and environmental factors on the indoor concentration of pm2.5 sulfate, nitrate, and carbon Title The effect of penetration factor, deposition, and environmental factors on the indoor concentration of pm2.5 sulfate, nitrate, and carbon Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2002 Authors Thatcher, Tracy L., Melissa M. Lunden, Richard G. Sextro, Susanne V. Hering, and Nancy J. Brown Conference Name Proceedings of the Indoor Air 2002 Conference, Monterey, CA Volume 1 Pagination 846-851 Publisher Indoor Air 2002, Santa Cruz, CA Abstract Indoor exposure to particles of outdoor origin constitutes an important exposure pathway. We conducted an intensive set of indoor particle measurements in an unoccupied house under differing operating conditions. Real-time measurements were conducted both indoors and outdoors, including PM2.5 nitrate, sulfate, and carbon. Because the time-scale of the fluctuations in outdoor particle concentrations and meteorological conditions are often similar to the time constant for building air exchange, a steady state concentration may never be reached. The time-series experimental data were used to determine the effect of changes in air exchange rate and indoor/outdoor temperature and relative humidity differences on indoor particle concentrations. A multivariate regression was performed to investigate the difference between measured indoor concentrations and results from a simple time-dependent physical model. Environmental conditions had a significant effect on indoor concentrations of all three PM2.5 species, but did not explain all of the model variation

462

Financial Market Intermediaries and Information Asymmetry in Equity Markets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation examines the relationship between financial market intermediaries and information asymmetry. Chapters 5, 6, and 7 re-examines issues raised in the literature, but extends (more)

Li, Jun George

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Market fit, market orientation, and business performance : an empirical investigation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigated the congruence of an organisation to its intended target markets. It was hypothesised that the internal activities of an organisation are, potentially, (more)

Taghian, Mehdi.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Electricity Market and Policy | Electricity Markets and Policy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Analysis & Environmental Impacts Department The Electricity Markets and Policy Group conducts technical, economic, and policy analysis of energy topics centered on the U.S....

465

Managing market risks in the Australian national electricity market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The restructuring of many national and state electricity industries over the last two decades has created new sets of laws and regulations, market design and (more)

Tham, Poh Weng

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Rotating control head applications increasing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rotating control head technology has become an important tool for lowering drilling costs and increasing well productivity, especially in many hard-rock areas and mature oil and gas fields. Lower drilling costs are achieved primarily by the faster penetration rates, reduced nondrilling time, and reduced mud volume requirements associated with underbalanced drilling. Greater well productivity can sometimes be obtained because of reduced formation damage for mud. Recent advances in rotating head technology have increased the range of well conditions to which this technology can be applied. Even though the use of rotating control heads is growing rapidly, this topic has been largely neglected in most well control training programs. Many engineers are not yet familiar with this important emerging technology and some of the modern concepts and practices used. The paper discusses the high-pressure rotating head and its application to gas or air drilling, flow drilling, geothermal drilling, overbalanced drilling and workover operations. The paper also discusses operating guidelines and rig crew training.

Bourgoyne, A.T. Jr. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1995-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

467

Campbell penetration depth of a superconductor in the critical state.  

SciTech Connect

The magnetic penetration depth {lambda}(T,H{sub J}) was measured in the presence of a slowly relaxing supercurrent j. In single crystal Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8} below approximately 25 K, {lambda}(T,H{sub J}) is strongly hysteretic. We propose that the irreversibility arises from a shift of the vortex position within its pinning well as j changes. The Campbell length depends upon the ratio j/j{sub c} where j{sub c} is the critical current defined through the Labusch parameter. Similar effects were observed in other cuprates and in an organic superconductor.

Prozorov, R.; Giannetta, R. W.; Tamegai, T.; Schlueter, J.; Kini, A. M.; Fournier, P.; Greene, R. L.; Materials Science Division; Univ. of Illinois; Univ. of South Carolina; Univ. of Tokyo; Univ. of Sherbrooke; Univ. of Maryland

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Drilling fluid temperatures in a magma - penetrating wellbore  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes the numerical modeling of the drilling fluid temperatures in a deep well that penetrates a magma body. The basic assumptions for the model are listed, the importance of the fluid temperature is considered, and the effect of changing the model parameters is assessed. The stratigraphy and formation temperature profile assumed for this hypothetical well are similar to Long Valley, CA, where a relatively shallow magma body is believed to exist. A major result of this modeling is demonstration of the benefit of insulated drillpipe.

Finger, J.T.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

International Energy Outlook 1999 - World Oil Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

oil.gif (4669 bytes) oil.gif (4669 bytes) A moderate view of future oil market developments is reflected in IEO99. Sustained high levels of oil prices are not expected, whereas continued expansion of the oil resource base is anticipated. The crude oil market was wracked with turbulence during 1998, as prices fell by one-third on average from 1997 levels. Even without adjusting for inflation, the world oil price in 1998 was the lowest since 1973. The declining oil prices were influenced by an unexpected slowdown in the growth of energy demand worldwide—less than any year since 1990—and by increases in oil supply, particularly in 1997. Although the increase in world oil production in 1998 was smaller than in any year since 1993, efforts to bolster prices by imposing further limits on production were

470

U.S. Solar Market Trends 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar markets are booming in the United States due to rising energy prices, strong consumer demand, and financial incentives from the federal government, states and utilities. Over 62,000 new solar thermal and solar electric installations were completed in 2008, an increase of 16 % compared with 2007. The majority of market share for each solar technology is concentrated in a few states. Photovoltaic trends: The capacity of photovoltaic (PV) installations completed in 2008 grew by 63 % compared with installations in 2007, and the average size of PV systems is increasing. Installation growth by capacity was largest in the nonresidential sector, but the residential sector continues to dominate the number of installations. Many states reported a doubling of PV capacity installed in

Larry Sherwood

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

1995 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected 5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently by John Zyren, Charles Dale and Charles Riner Introduction The United States has completed its first summer driving season using reformulated gasoline (RFG). Motorists noticed price increases at the retail level, resulting from the increased cost to produce and deliver the product, as well as from the tight sup- ply/demand balance during the summer. This arti- cle focuses on the costs of producing RFG as experienced by different types of refiners and on how these refiners fared this past summer, given the prices for RFG at the refinery gate. RFG Regulatory Requirements The use of RFG is a result of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA). The CAAA cover a wide range of programs aimed at improving air qual-

472

Market Structure and Competition: A Cross-Market Analysis of U.S. Electricity Deregulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wolak (2002). Measuring Market Ine?ciencies in CaliforniaWholesale Electricity Market. American Economic Review,s Electricity Crisis: A Market Apart?. Energy Policy. 32(

Bushnell, James; Mansur, Erin T.; Saravia, Celeste

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Inefficiencies and Market Power in Financial Arbitrage: A Study of California's Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and C. Stalon (1999). Second Report on Market Issues in thePower Exchange Energy Markets. Prepared for the Federals Proposed Elec- tricity Market. Utilities Policy vol. 6,

Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, James; Knittel, Christopher R.; Wolfram, Catherine

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Agile Market Engineering: Bridging the gap between business concepts and running markets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The agile market engineering process model (AMEP) is built on the insight, that market design and development is a wicked problem. Electronic markets are too (more)

Block, Carsten Alexander

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Impact of Public Market Information System (PMIS) on Farmers Food Marketing Decisions: Case of Benin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C.B. (2008). Smallholder market participation: Concepts andBehavior with Missing Markets: Some Paradoxes Explained.at the Farmgate or Travelling to Market. American Journal of

Kpenavoun Chogou, Sylvain; Gandonou, Esaie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Reforming the U.S. Mortgage Market Through Private Market Incentives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Eye View of OECD Housing Markets, OECD Economics DepartmentJohansson (2011), Housing Markets and Structural PoliciesA Responsible Secondary Market System for Housing Finance,

Jaffee, Dwight M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Inefficiencies and Market Power in Financial Arbitrage: A Study of California's Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California Power Exchange Energy Markets. Prepared for theCenter for the Study of Energy Markets (CSEM) Working Paperoperated a 168 hour energy market on a rolling horizon.

Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, James; Knittel, Christopher R.; Wolfram, Catherine

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Impact of Public Market Information System (PMIS) on Farmers Food Marketing Decisions: Case of Benin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shepherd, A. W. (1997). Market Information Services - Theory2009 Impact of Public Market Information System (PMIS) on2009) Impact of Public Market Information System (PMIS) on

Kpenavoun Chogou, Sylvain; Gandonou, Esaie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

The effect of asymmetrically held information and market power in agricultural markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

manipulate prices. and market information. describes how theOF ASYMMETRICALLY HELD INFORMATION AND MARKET POWER INOF ASYMMETRICALLY HELD INFORMATION AND MARKET POWER IN

Perloff, Jeffrey M; Rausser, Gordon C.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Factors for Bioenergy Market Development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Focusing on the development of the whole bioenergy market rather than isolated projects, this paper contributes to the identification of barriers and drivers behind bioenergy technology implementation. It presents a framework for the assessment of the potentials for bioenergy market growth to be used by decision makers in administration and industry. The conclusions are based on case studies of operating bioenergy markets in Austria, US and Sweden. Six important factors for bioenergy market growth have been identified: (1) Integration with other business, e.g. for biomass procurement, (2) Scale effects of bioenergy market, (3) Competition on bioenergy market, (4) Competition with other business, (5) National policy, (6) Local policy and local opinion. Different applications of the framework are discussed.

Roos, A.; Hektor, B.; Graham, R.L.; Rakos, C.

1998-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "increased market penetration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Market Acceleration | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Market Acceleration Market Acceleration Market Acceleration Photo of several men on a floating platform that is lowering monitoring tools into the ocean. The Water Power Program works to foster a commercial market for marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) energy devices in order to achieve its goal of the nation obtaining 15% of its electricity needs from all types of water power by 2030. Though marine and hydrokinetic energy is still in its infancy, the program is developing a robust portfolio of projects to accelerate wave, tidal and current project deployments and development of the MHK market in general. These projects include project siting activities, market assessments, environmental impact analyses, and research supporting technology commercialization. Learn more about the Water Power Program's work in the following areas of

482

Natural Gas Market Regionalization and Implications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural gas producers, pipeline companies, electric utilities, and other end users all have a stake in understanding the dynamics of regional gas prices. This is especially true with evolving linkages between natural gas and power prices. This report addresses problems that appeared in the natural gas market during the winter of 1995/96 and again in 1996/97 when regional gas prices departed dramatically from their historic norms. Are regional gas price relationships becoming increasingly unpredictable?

1998-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

483

2008 Wind Technologies Market Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency & Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT 2008 Wind Technologies Market Report i 2008 Wind Technologies Market Report Primary authors Ryan Wiser, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Mark Bolinger, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory With contributions from Galen Barbose, Andrew Mills, and Anna Rosa (Berkeley Lab); Kevin Porter and Sari Fink (Exeter Associates); Suzanne Tegen, Walt Musial, Frank Oteri, Donna Heimiller, and Billy Roberts (NREL); Kathy Belyeu and Ron Stimmel (AWEA) Table of Contents Acknowledgments ......................................................................................................................... i List of Acronyms ........................................................................................................................... ii

484

Overview of photovoltaic market studies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A summary of the results of recent studies sponsored by DOE and dealing with potential photovoltaic terrestrial solar energy systems markets is presented. Quantitative data developed by these studies are summarized to assist in planning test and applications programs and in estimating the level of photovoltaic system production capacity required to meet future market needs. Near-term (1976-1985) and mid-term (1986-2000) markets are discussed.

Rattin, E. J.

1978-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

PowerShape Market Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This guidebook contains a series of market profiles for customer segments within the commercial and residential sectors. Each profile is a stand-alone document that provides information about a sector, segment region, or technology. PowerShape Market Profiles provide key insights into the market, demographic, business, and energy characteristics of segments within the commercial and residential sectors. It provides vital information for contacting customers equipped with an understanding of their busines...

1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

486

UV Curable Coatings -- Marketing Kit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ultra violet (UV) curable coatings are being successfully applied to electric motors, metal shafts, cell phones, printing, plastic packaging, and wood laminates. Demand is expected to expand to an even greater number of end products as issues related to environmental well-being, finish quality, cost reductions, and manufacturing efficiencies drive this market. This UV Curable Coatings-Marketing Kit is designed to help utility sales and marketing personnel present UV curable coating opportunities to custo...

2000-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

487

Global Natural Gas Market Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report examines the characteristics of global gas markets. These markets have entered a period of supplier strength and high prices as global demand growth has outpaced supply growth. The report systematically evaluates developments in global liquefaction andfor the principal consuming nationsin domestic production, market growth, pipelines, and regasification. While containing a great deal of detail, the report probes myriad announcements of commercial activities to help interpret the evolving comp...

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

488

Preliminary Market Assessment for Cold Climate Heat Pumps  

SciTech Connect

Cold climate heat pump (HP) technology is relevant to a substantial portion of the U.S. population, especially with more than one-third of U.S. housing stock concentrated in colder regions of the country and another 31% in the mixed-humid climate region. Specifically, it is estimated that in 2010 almost 1.37 million heating equipment units were shipped to the cold/very cold climate regions and that 1.41 million were shipped to the nation s mixed-humid region. On a national level, the trend in the last decade has indicated that shipments of gas furnaces have grown at a slower rate than HPs. This indicates a potential opportunity for the cold climate HP, a technology that may be initially slow to penetrate its potential market because of the less expensive operating and first costs of gas furnaces. Anticipated implementation of regional standards could also negatively affect gas furnace shipments, especially with the higher initial cost for more efficient gas furnaces. However, as of 2011, the fact that there are more than 500 gas furnace product models that already achieve the expected efficiency standard indicates that satisfying the regional standard will be a challenge but not an obstacle. A look at the heating fuel and equipment currently being used in the housing stock provides an insight into the competing equipment that cold climate HPs hope to replace. The primary target market for the cold climate HP is the 2.6 million U.S. homes using electric furnaces and HPs in the cold/very cold region. It is estimated that 4.75% of these homeowners either replace or buy new heating equipment in a given year. Accordingly, the project team could infer that the cold climate HP primary market is composed of 123,500 replacements of electric furnaces and conventional air-to-air HPs annually. A secondary housing market for the cold climate HP comprises homes in the mixed-humid region of the country that are using electric furnaces. Homes using gas furnaces across both the cold/very cold and mixed-humid regions represent another secondary market for the cold climate HP. The cold climate HP could also target as a secondary market homes across both the cold/very cold and mixed-humid regions that use propane and fuel oil as their primary heating fuel. The combined total of homes in these three secondary markets is 46 million, and we can also infer that about 2.2 million of these systems are replaced annually. When comparing heating equipment stock in 2001, 2005, and 2009 in the cold/very cold region of the country, it appears that gas furnaces are slowly losing market share and that electric furnaces and HPs are making gains. The fact that electricity-dependent heating equipment is rising in preference among homeowners in the colder regions of the country shows that future penetration of the cold climate HP holds promise. Accordingly, cold climate HP technology could achieve an attractive position, given certain favorable market conditions such as reaching a competitive cost point, strong federal incentives, a consistent level of reliable performance, and a product rollout by a credible market leader. The project team relied on payback analysis to estimate the potential market penetration for the cold climate HP in each of its primary and secondary markets. In this analysis, we assumed a $250 price premium for the cold climate HP over the baseline HP. Electricity and gas prices and emissions were based on the 2010 Buildings Energy Data Book. The average heating load was calculated as 25.2 MMBTU per year in the cold/very cold and mixed-humid regions of the United States. Typical installed costs were obtained from the technical document supporting the U.S. Department of Energy rulemaking. The analysis showed that the cold climate HP will have a 2.2 year payback period when replacing an existing electric HP in the colder regions of the nation. The cold climate HP will have a 6 year payback period when replacing gas furnaces in the same climate regions. Accordingly, we estimated that the cold climate HP will have a penetration ratio rangin

Sikes, Karen [Sentech, Inc.; Khowailed, Gannate [Sentech, Inc.; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

COMMERCIALIZATION & INNOVATION - Energy  

Energys efforts to increase the rate and scale of clean energy technology market penetration across the country .

490

Developing Market Opportunities for Flexible Rooftop Applications of PV Using Flexible CIGS Technology: Market Considerations  

SciTech Connect

There has been a recent upsurge in developments for building-integrated phototovoltaics (BiPV) roof top materials based on CIGS. Several new companies have increased their presence and are looking to bring products to market for this application in 2011. For roof-top application, there are significant key requirements beyond just having good conversion efficiency. Other attributes include lightweight, as well as moisture-proof, and fully functionally reliable. The companies bringing these new BIPV/BAPV products need to ensure functionality with a rigorous series of tests, and have an extensive set of 'torture' tests to validate the capability. There is a convergence of form, aesthetics, and physics to ensure that the CIGS BiPV deliver on their promises. This article will cover the developments in this segment of the BiPV market and delve into the specific tests and measurements needed to characterize the products. The potential market sizes are evaluated and the technical considerations developed.

Sabnani, L.; Skumanich, A.; Ryabova, E.; Noufi, R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Natural Gas Marketed Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Wellhead Price Marketed Production Period: Monthly Annual Wellhead Price Marketed Production Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. 2,085,518 2,166,183 2,097,434 2,188,208 2,188,379 2,104,808 1973-2013 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico 116,480 112,975 102,113 109,113 102,493 105,284 1997-2013 Alabama NA NA NA NA NA NA 1989-2013 Alaska 29,725 27,904 25,445 23,465 23,613 25,916 1989-2013 Arizona NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 Arkansas NA NA NA NA NA NA 1991-2013 California NA NA NA NA NA NA 1989-2013 Colorado NA NA NA NA NA NA 1989-2013 Florida NA NA NA NA NA NA 1989-2013

492

Market Transformation (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Through the SunShot Initiative, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) works with manufacturers, communities, states, utilities, and other partners to enable the solar market by reducing non-hardware balance-of-system (BOS) costs, developing a skilled workforce, and eliminating market barriers to widespread adoption of solar technologies. The DOE SunShot Initiative is a collaborative national initiative to make solar energy technologies cost-competitive with other forms of energy by reducing the cost of solar energy systems by about 75% by the end of the decade. Reducing the total installed cost for utility-scale solar electricity to roughly 6 cents per kilowatt hour without subsidies will result in rapid, large-scale adoption of solar electricity across the United States. Reaching this goal will re-establish American technological leadership, improve the nation's energy security, and strengthen U.S. economic competitiveness in the global clean energy race. SunShot will work to bring down the full cost of solar - including the costs of solar cells and installation by focusing on four main pillars: (1) Technologies for solar cells and arrays that convert sunlight to energy; (2) Electronics that optimize the performance of the installation; (3) Improvements in the efficiency of solar manufacturing processes; and (4) Installation, design, and permitting for solar energy systems.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PROGRAM 2 Presentation Overview * Introduction to 2009 edition of U.S. wind energy market report * Wind installation trends * Wind industry trends * Price, cost, and...

494

2008 Geothermal Technologies Market Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Middle East and Africa Asian and Oceanic Countries 2008 Geothermal Technologies Market Report | July 2009 9 The information shown in Figure 3 comes from industry surveys...

495

Ancillary services market in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Service Market Redesign and FERC Filing. CAISO Internalmarket design improvements with FERC. However, from pastRegulatory Commission (FERC). 1996. Order No. 888 (Docket

Gomez, Tomas; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal; Liew, Lucy; Khavkin, Mark

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z