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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under NEPA Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under NEPA This Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) report is intended to provide background on the emerging, complex subject of biodiversity, outline some general concepts that underlie biological diversity analysis and management, describe how the issue is currently addressed in NEPA analyses, and provide options for agencies undertaking NEPA analyses that consider biodiversity. Council on Environmental Quality: Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under the National Environmental Policy Act More Documents & Publications Habitat Evaluation: Guidance for the Review of Environmental Impact

2

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under NEPA Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under NEPA This Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) report is intended to provide background on the emerging, complex subject of biodiversity, outline some general concepts that underlie biological diversity analysis and management, describe how the issue is currently addressed in NEPA analyses, and provide options for agencies undertaking NEPA analyses that consider biodiversity. Council on Environmental Quality: Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under the National Environmental Policy Act More Documents & Publications Habitat Evaluation: Guidance for the Review of Environmental Impact

3

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations into Environmental Impact Analysis under NEPA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under the National Environmental Policy Act Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under the National Environmental Policy Act CouncilonEnvironmental Quality Executive Officeof thePresident 722Jackson Place, NW Washington, DC 20503 January 1993 This report presents the results of consultations by the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) concerning the consideration of biological diversity in analyses prepared under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). This report is intended to provide background on the emerging, complex subject of biodi- versity, outline some general concepts that underlie biological diversity analysis and man-

4

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations into Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

is responsible for managing large tracts of public lands or waters, such as the U.S. Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management. Kational Park Service. and Nati,onal Marine...

5

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED (SOLAR) FOR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

23 3 9 10:39 FRO DOE-IPC-CHICAGO TO PGCP-HQ PfGE.002 23 3 9 10:39 FRO DOE-IPC-CHICAGO TO PGCP-HQ PfGE.002 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED (SOLAR) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO: DE-AC02-92CE40960; W(A)-93-004; CH-0755 Solar Turbines Incorporated (Solar), a wholly owned subsidiary of Caterpillar Inc., has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions of its employees under this contract. In response to an RFP, Solar was awarded a letter contract on September 25, 1992. It is anticipated that the letter contract will be definitized by the end of March 1993. Solar's obligation to continue performance under the contract is contingent upon DOE granting a waiver of rights to subject inventions in

6

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

a significantly improved combustion system for its Mercury 50 advanced industrial gas turbine by selectively incorporating advanced alloys, coatings, and composite and...

7

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY XANTREX TECHNOLOGY, INCORPORATED FOR AN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

XANTREX TECHNOLOGY, INCORPORATED FOR AN XANTREX TECHNOLOGY, INCORPORATED FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE PRIME CONTRACT NO. DE-FC36-83CH10093 AND SUBCONTRACT NO. NREL-NDO-1-30628-02; W(A)-01-036; CH-1081 As set out in the attached waiver petition, Xantrex Technology, Incorporated (Xantrex) has requested an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made by its employees under the above-identified subcontract, entitled "PV Invertor Products Manufacturing and Design Improvement for Cost Reduction and Performance Enhancement". The purpose of the subcontract encompasses the development of improved photovoltaic (PV) manufacturing processes and products while reducing costs and providing a technology foundation that supports significant manufacturing scale-up. Xantex intends to accomplish this

8

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FC02-00CH11049; W(A)-01-003; CH-1056 FC02-00CH11049; W(A)-01-003; CH-1056 As set out in attached waiver petition and in subsequent discussions with Solar Turbines Incorporated (Solar), Solar has requested an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made under the above identified cooperative agreement by its employees and its subcontractors' employees regardless of tier, except inventions made by subcontractors eligible to retain title to inventions pursuant to P.L. 96-517, as amended, or National Laboratories. Under this agreement, Solar expects to develop and demonstrate a significantly improved combustion system for its Mercury 50 advanced industrial gas turbine by selectively incorporating advanced alloys, coatings, and composite and monolithic ceramics into

9

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CORNING INCORPORATED FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WAIVER OF DOMESTIC WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO. DE-FC26- 05NT42461, SUBCONTRACT QZ001; W(A)-05-040, CH-1322 The Petitioner, Corning Incorporated (Corning) was awarded a subcontract under a cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Advanced Gasification Mercury/Trace Metal Control with Monolith Traps". The prime contract is with the University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC). The purpose of the project is to develop effective, economical technology to enable the removal of mercury from syngas created when coal is gasified. Under the subcontract, Corning will conduct research into whether Corning's impregnated monolith technology, in conjunction with the University of North Dakota's

10

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CORNING INCORPORATED FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WAIVER WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO. B29143; DOE WAIVER NO. W(A)-95-029 The Petitioner, Corning Incorporated, has requested an Advance Waiver of the Government's domestic and foreign rights to inventions made under the above cited research and development contract (R&D Contract). The objective of the R&D Contract issued by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) on behalf of DP-11 is to reduce the costs associated with the manufacturing of large size high quality fused silica transmissive optics utilized in advanced Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) laser systems. The present cost of laser optics used in the ICF laser system is between $1.7/cm 3 to $2.0/cm 3 . After completion of the R&D Contract, it is believed that a 50% reduction in cost for the

11

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FG02-00CH11062; W(A)-01-007; CH-1060 FG02-00CH11062; W(A)-01-007; CH-1060 As set out in attached waiver petition and in subsequent discussions with Solar Turbines Incorporated (Solar), Solar has requested an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made under the above identified cooperative agreement by its employees and its subcontractors' employees, regardless of tier, except inventions made by subcontractors eligible to retain title to inventions pursuant to P.L. 96-517, as amended, or National Laboratories. The objective of the cooperative agreement is to develop new alloys for use in high temperature turbomachinery, and specifically, in the Primary Surface Recuperator (PSR) in Solar's Mercury 50 gas turbine. As brought out in paragraph 2 of Solar's petition, the new material will be used in

12

THE POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF BIOFUELS ON BIODIVERSITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(SBSTTA), at its twelfth meeting, considered the interlinkages between biodiversity and liquid biofuel production as a new and emerging issue related to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. To this end a pre-session document entitled ?New and emerging issues relating to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity: Biodiversity and liquid biofuel production ? was prepared (UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/12/9). 2. In recommendation XII/7, SBSTTA requested the Executive Secretary (i) to invite Parties and other Governments to provide relevant information on the impacts on biodiversity along the full life cycle of the production and use of biofuels and how these are being addressed; (ii) to compile, in collaboration with relevant organizations, additional relevant information on this subject; (iii) to identify options for consideration of this emerging issue in the programmes of work of the Convention, including the programme of work on agricultural biodiversity and the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity; and (iv) to synthesize and submit the information resulting from the above activities for consideration at the ninth meeting of the Conference of the Parties. 3. The present note has been prepared on the basis of information submitted by Parties in response to notification 2007-082 as well as findings from scientific studies, reports and other documents, as well

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Focus On.... Biodiversity and Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Focus On.... Biodiversity and Conservation This resource guide aims to provide useful, detailed, high quality sources of information on biodiversity and conservation for students in Higher and Further and Conservation Introduction.....................................................................................3

Miranda, Eduardo Reck

14

Reliability Assessment Incorporating Operational Considerations and Economic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Gross, E. Litvinov and R. Coutu "Quantification of Market Performance as a Function of System Security

15

BL4268 Conservation and Management of Biodiversity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BL4268 ­ Conservation and Management of Biodiversity Conservation of biological diversity is one understanding of some of the current issues associated with conservation and biodiversity management. Emphasis decision makers and the general public. Why is biodiversity important? What should be conserved? Alfredo F

Brierley, Andrew

16

ICM, Incorporated  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ICM, Incorporated ICM, Incorporated Corporate Headquarters: Colwich, KS Proposed Facility Location: St. Joseph, MO Description: ICM will construct and operate a pilot integrated biorefinery using a proven biochemical platform pretreatment technology enhanced by energy recycling and process flow innovations to refine terrestrial lignocellulosic biomass into fuel ethanol. The proposed process furthers the cost effective production of ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass. CEO or Equivalent: Dave Vander Griend, President and CEO Participants: AGCO Engineering; NCAUR-ARS-Peoria; CERES, Inc; Edenspace Systems Corporation; Novozymes North America, Inc; South Dakota State University; Sun Ethanol, Inc.; U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Lab; and VeraSun Energy

17

Integration of Biodiversity into National Forestry Planning:...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Biodiversity into National Forestry Planning: An Annotated Bibliography of Web-Based Resources, Methods, Experiences, and Case Studies Jump to: navigation, search...

18

Biodiversity of the Oak Ridge Reservation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a wealth of biodiversity. Since it was acquired by the federal government in 1942 for the Manhattan Project, the ORR has been protected from most development. This unplanned...

19

UNCORRECTED 2 Burning biodiversity: Woody biomass use by commercial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UNCORRECTED PROOF 2 Burning biodiversity: Woody biomass use by commercial 3 and subsistence groups as: Lisa Naughton-Treves et al., Burning biodiversity: Woody biomass use by commercial

Kammen, Daniel M.

20

Assessing the impacts of biodiversity offset policies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In response to the increasing loss of native vegetation and biodiversity, a growing number of countries have adopted ''offsetting'' policies that seek to balance local habitat destruction by restoring, enhancing and/or protecting similar but separate ... Keywords: Biodiversity offsets, Conservation planning, Global sensitivity analysis, Grassland, Habitat quality, Policy modelling, Uncertainty

Ascelin Gordon; William T. Langford; James A. Todd; Matt D. White; Daniel W. Mullerworth; Sarah A. Bekessy

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Statistical Considerations  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Ap pen dix F Statistical Considerations Survey Methodology The Form EIA-23 survey is designed to provide reliable estimates for reserves and production of crude oil,

22

Climate, Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate, Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards Climate, Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards Agency/Company /Organization: The Climate Community and Biodiversity Alliance Sector: Land Topics: Implementation, Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.climate-standards.org/standards/pdf/ccb_standards_second_edition_d Climate Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards Screenshot References: Biodiversity Standards[1] "The CCB Standards have become the most widely used and respected international standard for the multiple-benefits of land-based carbon projects." References ↑ "Biodiversity Standards"

23

Fossil Biodiversity: Red Noise Plus Signal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have examined the Fourier power spectrum as well as the Hurst exponent of extinction, origination, and total biodiversity in the marine fossil record, using a recently improved geologic timescale. We find all of them strongly inconsistent with past claims of self-similarity as well as inconsistent with random walk behavior. Instead, they are dominated by low-frequency power, with approximate f^-2 power over one decade in frequency. The spectrum turns over at about 10^8 y, lending plausibility to connections with galactic dynamics. Even in the background of this low-frequency dominance, a previously noted 62 My biodiversity cycle stands out with better than 99% confidence above the noise level, accounting for about 35% of the total variance in the fossil biodiversity record.

Adrian L. Melott; Bruce S. Lieberman

2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

24

Fossil Biodiversity: Red Noise Plus Signal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have examined the Fourier power spectrum as well as the Hurst exponent of extinction, origination, and total biodiversity in the marine fossil record, using a recently improved geologic timescale. We find all of them strongly inconsistent with past claims of self-similarity as well as inconsistent with random walk behavior. Instead, they are dominated by low-frequency power, with approximate f^-2 power over one decade in frequency. The spectrum turns over at about 10^5 y, lending plausibility to connections with galactic dynamics. Even in the background of this low-frequency dominance, a previously noted 62 My biodiversity cycle stands out with better than 99% confidence above the noise level, accounting for about 35% of the total variance in the fossil biodiversity record.

Melott, A L; Melott, Adrian L.; Lieberman, Bruce S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Remote Sensing for Biodiversity Conservation of the Albertine Rift  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

183 10 Remote Sensing for Biodiversity Conservation of the Albertine Rift in Eastern Africa Samuel 2003). The rapidly developing field of remote sensing has been invaluable to biodiversity conservation...............................................................................................184 10.3 Remote Sensing of the Albertine Rift .....................................................185

Wang, Y.Q. "Yeqiao"

26

Conservation Easements: Biodiversity Protection and Private Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conservation Easements: Biodiversity Protection and Private Use ADENA R. RISSMAN, LYNN LOZIER, Berkeley, CA 94720-3114, U.S.A. The Nature Conservancy, California Chapter, 201 Mission Street, 4th Floor, San Francisco, CA 94105-1832, U.S.A. The Nature Conservancy, World Office, 4245 N. Fairfax Drive

Rissman, Adena

27

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and specifically, in the Primary Surface Recuperator (PSR) in Solar's Mercury 50 gas turbine. As brought out in paragraph 2 of Solar's petition, the new material will be...

28

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CORNING INCORPORATED FOR...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

fused silica transmissive optics utilized in advanced Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) laser systems. The present cost of laser optics used in the ICF laser system is between...

29

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

under this contract is to improve the performance of stationary gas turbines in cogeneration applications and to lessen environmental emissions through the replacement of...

30

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY XANTREX TECHNOLOGY, INCORPORATE...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The purpose of the subcontract encompasses the development of improved photovoltaic (PV) manufacturing processes and products while reducing costs and providing a technology...

31

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CORNING INCORPORATED FOR...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

is to develop effective, economical technology to enable the removal of mercury from syngas created when coal is gasified. Under the subcontract, Corning will conduct research...

32

The Little Biodiversity Finance Book | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Little Biodiversity Finance Book The Little Biodiversity Finance Book Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: The Little Biodiversity Finance Book Agency/Company /Organization: Global Canopy Programme Sector: Land Focus Area: Biomass, Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Finance Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: globalcanopy.org/themedia/file/PDFs/LBFB_lowres/lbfb_en.pdf The Little Biodiversity Finance Book Screenshot References: The Little Biodiversity Finance Book[1] Overview "This publication is a first attempt to understand and evaluate the range of options for financing biodiversity and ecosystem services. In compiling it, we have realised that whilst there is a wealth of information on this subject there is still much that we do not yet know or understand. In particular we found that evidence of the current scale of finance was

33

Tematea: Issue Based Modules for Coherent Implementation of Biodiversity  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tematea: Issue Based Modules for Coherent Implementation of Biodiversity Tematea: Issue Based Modules for Coherent Implementation of Biodiversity Conventions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Tematea: Issue Based Modules for Coherent Implementation of Biodiversity Conventions Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme, International Union for Conservation of Nature Sector: Land Topics: Implementation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity Resource Type: Guide/manual, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.tematea.org Tematea: Issue Based Modules for Coherent Implementation of Biodiversity Conventions Screenshot References: Tematea[1] Summary "The TEMATEA Project on Issue-Based Modules supports a better and more coherent national implementation of biodiversity-related conventions

34

ii. articles of incorporation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

led in t. 1'. .l'tment of in the '. 84730357. Secretary of the Commonwealth. ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION. OF . ms PIEI'ALHIRGICAL SOCIETY, INC.

35

Incorporating Biodiversity Impact into Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Woodchips for Bioethanol Production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A clean and sustainable source of energy is important for the development of a nation. The replacement of fossil fuels with renewable energy is an (more)

Neupane, Binod

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Spatial Modeling of Geographic Patterns in Biodiversity and Biofuel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spatial Modeling of Geographic Patterns in Biodiversity and Biofuel Production How can the US of biodiversity. The future of the biofuel industry will depend on public investment and trust that industry for increasing biofuel production have already come under fire because of real and perceived threats

37

Coupling GIS and LCA for biodiversity assessments of land use: Part 1: Inventory modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Keywords Biodiversity . Bioethanol . Geographic informationfor producing biofuels: bioethanol and biodiesel. Biomass

Geyer, Roland; Stoms, David M.; Lindner, Jan P.; Davis, Frank W.; Wittstock, Bastian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Review: An overview of biodiversity informatics with special reference to plant genetic resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ever-increasing significance of biodiversity conservation and advancements in computer technology for digitization and management of data have catapulted biodiversity informatics into limelight. Biodiversity informatics enhances the efficiency of ... Keywords: Biodiversity informatics, Database management, PGR informatics, Plant genetic resources

R. C. Agrawal; Sunil Archak; R. K. Tyagi

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

India and Tibet: Geographical Considerations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to keep the other power out of Tibet as of 1951-54 when China finally incorporated Tibet into the fold of the Great Han Motherland and made considerable changes in the eastern and northern parts or what was once Tibet. Besides no definition of Tibet... and minerals were the food crops: barley, wheat, buck wheat, maize, millet, oats, peas and even rice. Snow mountains, great lakes and mighty rivers indeed made Tibet a happy land. An ancient hymn describes Tibet as "The centre of snow mountains: the source...

Sinha, Nirmal Chandra

40

European Atlas of Soil Biodiversity | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

European Atlas of Soil Biodiversity European Atlas of Soil Biodiversity Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: European Atlas of Soil Biodiversity Agency/Company /Organization: European Commission Joint Research Centre Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: eusoils.jrc.ec.europa.eu/library/maps/biodiversity_atlas/Documents/Bio UN Region: "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Integration of Biodiversity into National Forestry Planning: An Annotated  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integration of Biodiversity into National Forestry Planning: An Annotated Integration of Biodiversity into National Forestry Planning: An Annotated Bibliography of Web-Based Resources, Methods, Experiences, and Case Studies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Integration of Biodiversity into National Forestry Planning: An Annotated Bibliography of Web-Based Resources, Methods, Experiences, and Case Studies Agency/Company /Organization: Center for International Forestry Research Partner: United Nations Environment Programme, Global Environment Facility Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.unep.org/bpsp/forestry/forestry%20annotated%20bibliography/annotat References: Integration of Biodiversity into National Forestry Planning: An Annotated Bibliography of Web-Based Resources, Methods, Experiences, and Case Studies[1]

42

Executive Summary...................................................................................................................................................................................... iii Water and Coastal Biodiversity Conservation........  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cover Photo PHILIPPINE FISHERMAN: Fishers in the Philippines and around the world are often the poorest members of society. Their livelihoods depend on diverse and abundant wild fisheries. Many of USAIDs biodiversity programs work to restore and protect

unknown authors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

The utility of LiDAR for landscape biodiversity assessment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The potential of LiDAR to inform landscape biodiversity assessments is investigated. The objectives of this research are to examine how LiDAR discrete return and full (more)

Miura, N

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Terms of Reference Internship: Business and Biodiversity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PURPOSE The purpose of this internship is to support the Business and Biodiversity unit of the United Nations Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (SCBD) in its activities, and thereby help to raise awareness of biological diversity in the business community thus promoting the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The internship offers an opportunity for an advanced undergraduate or graduate student in biological or environmental science, international economics and development, business, international relations, public policy or a related academic background, to gain work experience with a United Nations agency and become specifically acquainted with the implementation, objectives and targets of the CBD. Background The Convention on Biological Diversity, administered by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), is one of the key agreements adopted at the 1992 United Nations Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, where world leaders agreed on a comprehensive strategy for sustainable development meeting our needs while ensuring that we leave a healthy and viable world for future generations. The Convention, with its 193 Parties, has achieved quasi-universal membership. The CBD sets out commitments for maintaining the world's ecological underpinnings as global economic development continues apace. The Convention establishes three main goals: the conservation of

Duration Months

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA), Government of Pakistan Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics Adaptation, Finance, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni

46

Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA), Government of Pakistan Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics Adaptation, Finance, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni

47

Regional Forum on Rural Development, Climate Change, Biodiversity and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Development, Climate Change, Biodiversity and Rural Development, Climate Change, Biodiversity and Desertification Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Event:Regional Forum on Rural Development, Climate Change, Biodiversity and Desertification: on 2011/05/05 "This Ministerial-level forum is organized by the Central American Commission on Environment and Development (CCAD), Central American Agricultural Council (CAC) and Council of Health Ministers of Central America (COMISCA). Under the theme "Contributing to the Region's Security and Governability Faced with Climate Change," the Forum will examine progress and identify priority actions and mechanisms for inter-institutional coordination and social participation at the national and regional levels on climate change adaptation and mitigation in the

48

Biodiversity Analysis of Vegetation on the Nevada Test Site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) located in south central Nevada encompasses approximately 3,561 square kilometers and straddles two major North American deserts, Mojave and Great Basin. Transitional areas between the two desert types have been created by gradients in elevation, precipitation, temperature, and soils. From 1996-1998, more than 1,500 ecological landform units were sampled at the NTS for numerous biotic and abiotic parameters. These data provide a basis for spatial evaluations of biodiversity over landscape scales at the NTS. Species diversity maps (species richness vs. species abundance) have been produced. Differences in ecosystem diversity at the ecoregion, alliance, association, and ecological landform unit levels are presented. Spatial distribution maps of species presence and abundance provide evidence of where transition zones occur and the resulting impact on biodiversity. The influences of abiotic factors (elevation, soil, precipitation) and anthropogenic disturbance on biodiversity are assessed.

W. K. Ostler; D. J. Hansen

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

RADIATION APPLICATIONS INCORPORATED  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

. <' ," . . * . RADIATION APPLICATIONS INCORPORATED . 370 Lexl.ngton Avenue New York 17# New York jq.5' L- Contract No. A T (30-l)-2093 with the United States Atom ic Energy Commission F O A M SEPARATION Progress Report for March, 1959 Abstract Appreciable cesium enrichment in the foam has been obtained using the system sodium tetraphenyl boron-Geigy reagent. Enrichment ratios varied from 1.5 to 3.5 depending upon operating conditions. The en- richment appears to depend on the ratio of the sodium tetraphenyl boron to Geigy reagent rather than on the absolute values of the indi- vidual concentrations. Further experiments are being conducted to verify and extend the range of results. Continuous countercurrent column operation has been continued.

50

DISTRIBUTED AMPLIFIER INCORPORATING FEEDBACK  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved distributed amplifier system employing feedback for stabilization is presented. In accordance with the disclosed invention, a signal to be amplified is applled to one end of a suitable terminated grid transmission line. At intervals along the transmission line, the signal is fed to stable, resistance-capacitance coupled amplifiers incorporating feedback loops therein. The output current from each amplifier is passed through an additional tube to minimize the electrostatic capacitance between the tube elements of the last stage of the amplifier, and fed to appropriate points on an output transmission line, similar to the grid line, but terminated at the opposite (input) end. The output taken from the unterminated end of the plate transmission line is proportional to the input voltage impressed upon the grid line.

Bell, P.R. Jr.

1958-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

51

A Biodiversity Scorecard for Colorado Colorado Natural Heritage Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as the cumulative potential for development of oil and gas, oil shale, coal mining, uranium mining, and wind energyA Biodiversity Scorecard for Colorado Colorado Natural Heritage Program and The Nature Conservancy Draft of October 20, 2008 #12;ii Citation information: Colorado Natural Heritage Program and The Nature

52

Logging threatens Indonesia's biodiversity By Dianthus Saputra Estey in Jakarta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Logging threatens Indonesia's biodiversity By Dianthus Saputra Estey in Jakarta Monday 13 October 2003, 16:57 Makka Time, 13:57 GMT A tenth of the world's tropical rainforests lie in Indonesia year," Togu Manurung from Forest Watch Indonesia said. This ranks the depletion of Indonesia

53

Biosecurity, biofuels, and biodiversity 291 Laura A Meyerson,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biosecurity, biofuels, and biodiversity 291 Laura A Meyerson, Natural Resources Science, University 12 million hectares) to active cultivation of corn for biofuel production threaten to destroy needs through biofuels by 2020, because of concerns that biofuels contribute to decreased global food

Meyerson, Laura A.

54

Biofuels, biodiversity, and people: Understanding the conflicts and finding opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review Biofuels, biodiversity, and people: Understanding the conflicts and finding opportunities interests in biofuels. Biofuels are viewed by many policy makers as a key to reducing reliance on foreign concerns, and by reports questioning the rationale that biofuels substantially reduce carbon emissions. We

55

Carbon management and biodiversity Michael A. Huston*, Gregg Marland1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the landscape on many continents, are not good candidates for intensive harvest-and-use systems for biofuels of competitively priced biofuels will largely compete for land with agriculture (Kszos et al., 2000 that biofuels plantations on productive lands have higher animal biodiversity than do the annual agricultural

56

Design considerations for MRAM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MRAM (magnetic random access memory) technology, based on the use of magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) as memory elements, is a potentially fast nonvolatile memory technology with very high write endurance. This paper is an overview of MRAM design considerations. ...

T. M. Maffitt; J. K. DeBrosse; J. A. Gabric; E. T. Gow; M. C. Lamorey; J. S. Parenteau; D. R. Willmott; M. A. Wood; W. J. Gallagher

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 FR IPL DOE CH 630 252 2779 TO RGCP-HQ ., * * STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Class Waiver of the Government's U.S. and Foreign Patent Rights in Inventions Arising Out of the Research...

58

Advanced brachytherapy dosimetric considerations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The practice of brachytherapy and brachytherapy dosimetry was investigated with emphasis on evaluations of dose distributions and shielding considerations for both photon- and neutron-emitting radionuclides. Monte Carlo ...

Melhus, Christopher S. (Christopher Scott), 1974-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Considerations for Prescribed Burning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Considerations for Prescribed Burning NEW M EX ICO S TAE U N I V E R SI T YT Cooperative Extension prescribed burns ...................... 1 Fire effects ................................................ 3 Justification for burning ......................................... 3 Reclamation versus

Castillo, Steven P.

60

Microbial diversity in soil: A microscopic world under every footstep -- chapter 13 in the book "Biodiversity Conservation Handbook: State, Local, and Private Protection of Biological Diversity," Environmental Law Institute, Washington, DC, 2006, pp.159-174  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Powerful methods that can be used to explore and better surmise the role of microorganisms in the environment have only been developed in the last 20 years, and the discoveries being made with these techniques have been revolutionary compared to those of the previous century. These new molecular tools now enable us to better categorize microbial life and determine its diversity. The importance of the ecosystem and economic functions served by microorganisms further suggests that microbial diversity should be considered as an important, if unseen, component of biodiversity, and that consideration of microbial diversity is an essential element of any program to conserve biodiversity.

Edenborn, H.M.; Edenborn, S.L.

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

DOE handbook: Design considerations  

SciTech Connect

The Design Considerations Handbook includes information and suggestions for the design of systems typical to nuclear facilities, information specific to various types of special facilities, and information useful to various design disciplines. The handbook is presented in two parts. Part 1, which addresses design considerations, includes two sections. The first addresses the design of systems typically used in nuclear facilities to control radiation or radioactive materials. Specifically, this part addresses the design of confinement systems and radiation protection and effluent monitoring systems. The second section of Part 1 addresses the design of special facilities (i.e., specific types of nonreactor nuclear facilities). The specific design considerations provided in this section were developed from review of DOE 6430.1A and are supplemented with specific suggestions and considerations from designers with experience designing and operating such facilities. Part 2 of the Design Considerations Handbook describes good practices and design principles that should be considered in specific design disciplines, such as mechanical systems and electrical systems. These good practices are based on specific experiences in the design of nuclear facilities by design engineers with related experience. This part of the Design Considerations Handbook contains five sections, each of which applies to a particular engineering discipline.

NONE

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Memory Considerations for Carver  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Memory Considerations Memory Considerations Memory Considerations Overview Carver login nodes each have 48GB of physical memory. Most compute nodes have 24GB; however, 80 compute nodes have 48GB. Not all of this memory is available to user processes. Some memory is reserved for the Linux kernel. Furthermore, since Carver nodes have no disk, the "root" file system (including /tmp) is kept in memory ("ramdisk"). The kernel and root file system combined occupy about 4GB of memory. Therefore users should try to use no more than 20GB on most compute nodes, or 44GB on the large-memory compute nodes. There are also two "extra-large" memory nodes; each node has four 8-core Intel X7550 ("Nehalem EX") 2.0 GHz processors (32 cores total) and 1TB memory. These nodes are available through the queue "reg_xlmem". Please

63

PDSF Memory Considerations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Memory Considerations Memory Considerations Memory Considerations Interactive Nodes The amount of memory available on the interactive nodes is described on the Interactive (login) Nodes page. The interactive nodes are shared among all users and running high memory jobs on the interactive nodes slows them down for everyone. If you think your work might be disruptive you should either run it in batch or run it interactively on a batch node as described here. Batch Nodes The batch system knows how much memory each node has and how much memory each job requires. By default each job is given 1.1GB, but you can request more or less memory by following the instructions in Submitting Jobs. However, it should be noted that the more memory you require, the harder it will be for the batch system to schedule your job, especially when the

64

Arthropod Biodiversity of Urban Prairies and Turf Landscapes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Arthropod Biodiversity of Urban Prairies and Turf Landscapes Arthropod Biodiversity of Urban Prairies and Turf Landscapes Armando Mireles 1 , Karel Jacobs 2 , Susan Kirt Alterio 2 1 Undergraduate Student, 2 Faculty, Department of Biological Sciences, Chicago State University, Chicago, IL 60628 Our hypothesis is that arthropod species diversity and similarity indices for the CSU prairie will be less than the established GM prairie and greater than the CSU turfgrass landscape. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: Research supported by a CSU CTRE grant and student stipend from the LSAMPS program. Summer 2012 research was supported by DOE Visiting Faculty Program at Argonne National Laboratory, and Prairie Biotic, Inc. Thank you to CSU Geography Prof. Jason Biller for creating GIS maps and Dr. Andrew Maselli for aiding microscopic procedures.!

65

STATEMENT. OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STATEMENT. OF CONSIDERATIONS STATEMENT. OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY DELPID AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS, LLC (DELPHI) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE AWARD NO. DE-EEOO00478; W(A) 2011-037 DELPID has requested a waiver ofdomestic and foreign patent rights ofthe United . States ofAmerica in all subject inventions arising from its participation under the above referenced cooperative agreement entitled "Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Diesel Auxiliary Power Unit" The cooperative agreement was awarded under the DE-PS36-09G098009 Research Development ofFuel Cell Technologies for Automotive Stationary and Portable Power Applications Funding Opportunity Announcement. PACCAR and IDA Research are also perfonning work under the cooperative agreement. However, this waiver only applies to

66

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories for an Advance Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Invention Rights under DOE Contract No. DE-OE0000537, W(A) 2011-023, CH-161 0 The Petitioner, Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories (SEL) was awarded the subject cooperative agreement with DOE for the performance of work entitled , "Whitelist Anitvirus Project. " According to the response to question 2 of the waiver petition , the scope of work for this agreement addresses a software application that provides malware protection to computers in a white list approach for embedded Windows and Linux. The goal of this project is to create and market a white list antivirus solution for control systems capable of running on devices that use an

67

Statement of Considerations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Statement of Considerations Statement of Considerations Class Waiver of the Government's Patent Rights in Inventions Made by Employees of Institutes of the New Independent States (NIS) of the Former Soviet Union (FSU) in the Course of or under Agreements Entered into Pursuant to the Fiscal Year 1994 Foreign Operations Appropriations Act (P.L. 103- 87); W(C) 94-010 The dissolution of the Soviet Union and the drastic reductions in defense spending by the NIS have created an extremely difficult situation for the scientists and engineers who are responsible for the former Soviet Union's defense technology base. It is estimated that there are several tens of thousands of such scientists and engineers; they possess critical technical knowledge about weapons of mass destruction and are underemployed

68

Coupling GIS and LCA for biodiversity assessments of land use: Part 2: Impact assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biodiversity impacts . Bioethanol . Evenness . Geographicto produce a liter of bioethanol depends on where thethen assessed for three bioethanol feedstocks at different

Geyer, Roland; Lindner, Jan P.; Stoms, David M.; Davis, Frank W.; Wittstock, Bastian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Coupling GIS and LCA for biodiversity assessments of land use: Part 2: Impact assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evenness . Geographic information systems (GIS) .GIS-based inventory modeling . Habitats . Hemeroby . Land0199-9 LAND USE IN LCA Coupling GIS and LCA for biodiversity

Geyer, Roland; Lindner, Jan P.; Stoms, David M.; Davis, Frank W.; Wittstock, Bastian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

TOXCO Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Place British Columbia, Canada Zip V1R 4L5 Product British Columbia-based, lithium battery recycling firm. References TOXCO Incorporated1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

71

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Motors, LLC for an Advance Waiver of Domestic and Motors, LLC for an Advance Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Invention Rights under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE- EE0003379; W(A)-2010-060, CH-1570 The Petitioner, General Motors, LLC (GM), was awarded this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled "Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Cars." The goal of the cooperative agreement is to accelerate the development and integration of four cost competitive technologies aimed at improving fuel economy of a light duty vehicle by at least 25% while meeting Tier 2 Bin 2 (T2B2) emissions standards. To accomplish this objective, a 2010 production mid-size sedan shall be modified to incorporate these four technologies. The technologies are lean combustion, innovative after treatment, stop-start, and active thermal

72

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eaton Corporation for an Advance Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Invention Eaton Corporation for an Advance Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Invention Rights under DOE Contract No. DE-OE0000592, W(A) 2012-025, CH-1664 The Petitioner, Eaton Corporation (Eaton) was awarded the subject cooperative agreement with DOE for the performance of work entitled , "Smart Grid Capable Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment". The scope of work under this contract includes commercial-grade electric veh icle supply equipment (EVSE) for commercial applications that incorporates smart grid functionality in an optimized design . The work will be done in two phases. Phase I will be research and development, and phase two is performance testing and certification. The work under this agreement is expected to take place from May 1, 2012 through

73

Priorities for microbial biodiversity research: Summary and recommendations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Microbial diversity is an unseen national as well as international resource that deserves greater attention. Too small to be seen no longer means too small to be studied or values. Microbial diversity encompasses the spectrum of microscopic organisms including bacteria, fungi, algae and protozoa. These organisms populate the soil, water and air that surround us and live in more unusual environments such as the boiling water of hydrothermal vents, deep ocean trenches and alkali lakes. This report summarizes a workshop on microbial biodiversity which was organized by the Center for Microbial Ecology at Michigan State University.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 2000 10:48 FR IPL DOE CH 630 252 2779 TO GCP-HQ P.02/04 8 2000 10:48 FR IPL DOE CH 630 252 2779 TO GCP-HQ P.02/04 * * STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by Siemens Westinghouse Power Corp. for an Advance Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Invention Rights under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-AC26- 99FT40674; W(A)-00-002, CH-1023 The Petitioner, Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (Siemens) , was awarded this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Novel Gas Cleaning/Conditioning for Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC)'. Under the cooperative agreement, Siemens is to produce the ground-work test data and process evaluations for the development of a new gas cleaning process, the "Ultra-clean" fuel gas cleanup process for carbonaceous feed stock based fuel gases/syngases. This new gas cleaning process will satisfy the demands of future environmental

75

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 9 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by Cummins Engine Company, Inc. for an Advance Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Invention Rights under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26- 05NT42418; W(A)-06-003, CH-1351 The Petitioner, Cummins Engine Company, Inc. (Cummins) was awarded this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Low-Temperature Combustion Using Pre-Mixed Charge Compression Ignition". The goal of this program is to develop advanced combustion technologies demonstrating a 10% reduction in fuel consumption while meeting 2010 emission levels. Cummins will be evaluating pre-mix charged, compression ignition (PCCI) in-cylinder combustion and subsystem technologies. The anticipated subsystems requiring performance enhancements to achieve the goals of this program include: fuel delivery; power cylinder;

76

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

APR. -17'97(THU) 14 :38 IPL DOE H APR. -17'97(THU) 14 :38 IPL DOE H TEL:I 630 252 2779 P. 02 ( e STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by Foster Wheeler Development Corporation for an Advance Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Invention Rights under DOE Cooperative agreement No. - DE-AC22-95PC95143; W(A)-97-004, CH-0917 The Petitioner, Foster Wheeler Development Corporation (FWDC), was awarded this cooperative agreement under the High Performance Power Systems (HIPPS) program. This project is for the development of a coal-fired combined cycle power generating plant that will have efficiency in excess of 47 percent. The scope of work includes engineering analysis, laboratory testing, pilot plant testing and the proposal level design of a prototype commercial plant. The Petitioner was one of two proposers selected as a result of its response to the PRDA

77

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 FR 3 FR IPL DOE CH 630 252 277' 1U HL-Un-U r. .* * * STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Class Waiver of the Government's U.S. and Foreign Patent Rights in Inventions Arising under Work for Others Activities Conducted with Advance Payments provided by the Laboratory using funds under Clauses H 21 (k)(3) and I 96(h) under Management and Operating Contract No, W-31-109-ENG-38 Between the Department of Energy and The University of Chicago, as Operator of Argonne National Laboratory, W(C)-99-003, CH-1009 The University of Chicago (University), a nonprofit educational organization, manages and operates the Government-owned facilities of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory in Argonne, Illinois under Prime Contract W-31-109-ENG-38 (the Contract). The University

78

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IPR":15-2008 09:22 From: IPR":15-2008 09:22 From: To: 912025862805 P.2/5 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY HUNTSMAN ADVANCED MATERIALS AMERICAS, INC. (HUNTSMAN) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RlGI-iTS UNDER DOE GRANT NO. DE-FG36-07G017012~ W(A)-08-004 The Petitioner, Huntsman, has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions arising from its participation under the ahove referenced grant entitled "Next Generation "Bipolar Plates for Automotive PEM Fuel Cells." The Petitioner will be collaborating with GraiTech International, Ltd., Ballard Power Systems ("Ballard"), and Case Westem Reserve University. Ballard is subject to this waiver request. GrafTeeh is the prime awardee under the grant, with Ballard and Huntsman as sub-

79

Incorporating Experience Curves in Appliance Standards Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The technical analyses in support of U.S. energy conservation standards for residential appliances and commercial equipment have typically assumed that manufacturing costs and retail prices remain constant during the projected 30-year analysis period. There is, however, considerable evidence that this assumption does not reflect real market prices. Costs and prices generally fall in relation to cumulative production, a phenomenon known as experience and modeled by a fairly robust empirical experience curve. Using price data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and shipment data obtained as part of the standards analysis process, we present U.S. experience curves for room air conditioners, clothes dryers, central air conditioners, furnaces, and refrigerators and freezers. These allow us to develop more representative appliance price projections than the assumption-based approach of constant prices. These experience curves were incorporated into recent energy conservation standards for these products. The impact on the national modeling can be significant, often increasing the net present value of potential standard levels in the analysis. In some cases a previously cost-negative potential standard level demonstrates a benefit when incorporating experience. These results imply that past energy conservation standards analyses may have undervalued the economic benefits of potential standard levels.

Garbesi, Karina; Chan, Peter; Greenblatt, Jeffery; Kantner, Colleen; Lekov, Alex; Meyers, Stephen; Rosenquist, Gregory; Buskirk, Robert Van; Yang, Hung-Chia; Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

80

"Violent Intent Modeling: Incorporating Cultural Knowledge into the Analytical Process  

SciTech Connect

While culture has a significant effect on the appropriate interpretation of textual data, the incorporation of cultural considerations into data transformations has not been systematic. Recognizing that the successful prevention of terrorist activities could hinge on the knowledge of the subcultures, Anthropologist and DHS intern Faith Nibbs has been addressing the need to incorporate cultural knowledge into the analytical process. In this Brown Bag she will present how cultural ideology is being used to understand how the rhetoric of group leaders influences the likelihood of their constituents to engage in violent or radicalized behavior, and how violent intent modeling can benefit from understanding that process.

Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; Nibbs, Faith G.

2007-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Molex Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Molex Incorporated Molex Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name Molex Incorporated Place Lisle, Illinois Zip 60532-1682 Product Illinois-based supplier of electronic components and interconnect products. The firm also produces junction boxes for PV modules. Coordinates 42.351811°, -76.004643° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.351811,"lon":-76.004643,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

82

Tremco Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tremco Incorporated Tremco Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name Tremco Incorporated Place Beachwood, Ohio Zip 44122 Sector Services Product Manufactures and sells roofing materials and services, as well as industrial coatings and sealants. The company has begun an effort to commercialise next generation building integrated PV systems. Coordinates 41.486346°, -81.501319° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.486346,"lon":-81.501319,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

83

Rotek Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rotek Incorporated Rotek Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name Rotek Incorporated Address 1400 South Chillicothe Road Place Aurora, Ohio Zip 44202 Sector Services, Solar, Wind energy Product Engineering/architectural/design; Maintenance and repair; Other:Component Supplier Phone number 330-562-4000 Website http://www.rotek-inc.com Coordinates 41.2783252°, -81.3460793° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.2783252,"lon":-81.3460793,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

84

Nonlinearities in biodiversity incentive schemes: A study using an integrated agent-based and metacommunity model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report results from over 20,000 runs of a coupled agent-based model of land use change and species metacommunity model. We explored the effect of increasing government incentive to improve biodiversity, in the context of other influences on land manager ... Keywords: Agents, Biodiversity, Land-use, Nonlinearity, Policy

J. Gary Polhill, Alessandro Gimona, Nicholas M. Gotts

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Modelling of spatial dynamics and biodiversity conservation on Lure mountain (France)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our study is part of a multi-disciplinary research project aimed at stimulating debate among researchers and local managers. The central question of this multi-disciplinary research project was to better understand and manage high biodiversity value ... Keywords: Biodiversity, Forest dynamics, Genetic forest management, Multi-agent systems, Orsini viper, Pasture, Shrub encroachment

B. Anselme; F. Bousquet; A. Lyet; M. Etienne; B. Fady; C. Le Page

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Biodiversity and Habitat Changes Modelling Experiences in Ukraine and Eastern Europe Countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is updated study on biodiversity and its conditions in Ukraine and seven surrounding countries. It includes four different methods: the indicative-index approach, the Mean Species Abundance MSA and two species based approaches, one using habitat ... Keywords: Biodiversity, Birds, DIVA, Eastern Europe, GLOBIO, Generalized Linear Model GLM, Insects, Mammals, Mean Species Abundance MSA, Modelling, Plants, Ukraine

Vasyl Prydatko, Grygoriy Kolomytsev

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Army Energy Security Considerations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARMY Energy Security ARMY Energy Security Considerations Don Juhasz, PE, CEM HQDA, OACSIM, DAIM-FDF Telephone: (703)-601-0374 E-mail: don.juhasz@hqda.army.mil FUEL CELL OPPORTUNITIES 26 April 2007 1 of 10 Don Juhasz DAIM-FDF (703) 601-0374 (DSN 329) / don.juhasz@hqda.army.mil 5 April 2007 Army Energy * * * * FOREIGN OIL 2 of 10 Don Juhasz DAIM-FDF (703) 601-0374 (DSN 329) / don.juhasz@hqda.army.mil 5 April 2007 World Energy Situation OIL & GAS LIQUIDS 38% Rise in NTV Fuel Use 35% of DoD utilities 21% of Fed government 11% of installations' budget US ARMY IS DEPENDENT ON 1 ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ In ¾ 3 of 10 Don Juhasz DAIM-FDF (703) 601-0374 (DSN 329) / don.juhasz@hqda.army.mil 5 April 2007 Challenges To Managing The Future World population growing: 6.5 B in 2006, 2030 estimate 7.9 B

88

Directory of guidance documents relating to biodiversity and cultural knowledge research and prospecting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biodiversity in both developing and developed countries has been accessed for a long time by local communities as well as by outside researchers and corporate prospectors. Such activities are carried out for various purposes. Sometimes plants, animals and habitats are merely described, other times the goal is to extract for profit. These activities have helped to advance knowledge and create awareness of how precious biodiversity is. These activities have also generated many products that contribute to the health and well-being of global consumers, but may not necessarily provide benefits to their original stewards. Research has also focused attention on particular features of biodiversity. Biodiversity has been conserved, both by local community traditions, and by more formal means, with varying degree of effectiveness. One recently proposed means is the Convention on Biological Diversity. That convention has been ratified by large number of countries and has stimulated global concern over this issue. It has provided a framework for conserving biodiversity. At the same time many local communities, NGOs and people`s organizations are advancing alternative ways to conserve biodiversity and cultural diversity. In many places, the conservation of biodiversity and the protection of cultural diversity are inescapably intertwined. Despite strong links between biodiversity and the land and the water management traditions of the 6000 linguistically distinct cultures, the Convention on Biological Diversity focuses on nation-state sovereignty over biodiversity. We believe that local communities should have greater say in whether and how biodiversity is studied, extracted and commercialized. We consider prior informed consent to be a necessary requirement of such explorations, as is equitable sharing of any benefits arising from them.

Churcher, T. [comp.] [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Geography]|[Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Coupling GIS and LCA for biodiversity assessments of land use: Part 1: Inventory modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

scenarios were developed with GIS modeling. Current land use0170-9 LAND USE IN LCA Coupling GIS and LCA for biodiversityGeographic information systems (GIS) are adept at modeling

Geyer, Roland; Stoms, David M.; Lindner, Jan P.; Davis, Frank W.; Wittstock, Bastian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Marine renewable energy: potential benefits to biodiversity? An urgent call for research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marine renewable energy: potential benefits to biodiversity? An urgent call for research Richard 1 Centre for Ecology and Conservation and Peninsula Research Institute for Marine Renewable Energy driver. In response, many governments have initiated programmes of energy production from renewable

Exeter, University of

91

Memory Usage Considerations on Hopper  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Memory Considerations Memory Considerations Memory Considerations Memory Usage Considerations on Hopper Most Hopper compute nodes have 32 GB of physical memory, but, not all that memory is available to user programs. Compute Node Linux (the kernel), the Lustre file system software, and message passing library buffers all consume memory, as does loading the executable into memory. Thus the precise memory available to an application varies. Approximately 31 GB of memory can be allocated from within an MPI program using all 24 cores per node, i.e., 1.29 GB per MPI task on average. If an application uses 12 MPI tasks per node, then each MPI task could use about 2.58 GB of memory. You may see an error message such as "OOM killer terminated this process." "OOM" means Out of Memory and it means that your code has exhausted the

92

Wireless System Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wireless System Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical Infrastructure Protection Standards Wireless System Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical Infrastructure...

93

Advanced Metering Infrastructure Security Considerations | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Metering Infrastructure Security Considerations Advanced Metering Infrastructure Security Considerations The purpose of this report is to provide utilities implementing Advanced...

94

Maximizing phylogenetic diversity in biodiversity conservation: Greedy solutions to the noahs ark problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract.The Noahs Ark Problem (NAP) is a comprehensive cost-effectiveness methodology for biodiversity conservation that was introduced by Weitzman (1998) and utilizes the phylogenetic tree containing the taxa of interest to assess biodiversity. Given a set of taxa, each of which has a particular survival probability that can be increased at some cost, the NAP seeks to allocate limited funds to conserving these taxa so that the future expected biodiversity is maximized. Finding optimal solutions using this framework is a computationally difficult problem to which a simple and efficient greedy algorithm has been proposed in the literature and applied to conservation problems. We show that, although algorithms of this type cannot produce optimal solutions for the general NAP, there are two restricted scenarios of the NAP for which a greedy algorithm is guaranteed to produce optimal solutions. The first scenario requires the taxa to have equal conservation cost; the second scenario requires an ultrametric tree. The NAP assumes a linear relationship between the funding allocated to conservation of a taxon and the increased survival probability of that taxon. This relationship is briefly investigated and one variation is suggested that can also be solved using a greedy algorithm. [Biodiversity conservation; greedy algorithm; Noahs Ark Problem; phylogenetic diversity.] Biodiversity conservation requires a methodology for prioritizing the taxa to conserve, given limited resources. Many conservation approaches have simply aimed to

Klaas Hartmann; Mike Steel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Biodiversity of Borrelia burgdorferi Strains in Tissues of Lyme Disease Patients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plant and animal biodiversity are essential to ecosystem health and can provide benefits to humans ranging from aesthetics to maintaining air quality. Although the importance of biodiversity to ecology and conservation biology is obvious, such measures have not been applied to strains of an invasive bacterium found in human tissues during infection. In this study, we compared the strain biodiversity of Borrelia burgdorferi found in tick populations with that found in skin, blood, synovial fluid or cerebrospinal fluid of Lyme disease patients. The biodiversity of B. burgdorferi strains is significantly greater in tick populations than in the skin of patients with erythema migrans. In turn, strains from skin are significantly more diverse than strains at any of the disseminated sites. The cerebrospinal fluid of patients with neurologic Lyme disease harbored the least pathogen biodiversity. These results suggest that human tissues act as niches that can allow entry to or maintain only a subset of the total pathogen population. These data help to explain prior clinical observations on the natural history of B. burgdorferi infection and raise several questions that may help to direct future research to better understand the pathogenesis of this infection.

Dustin Brisson; Nilofer Baxamusa; Ira Schwartz; Gary P. Wormser

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Incorporating Green Engineering and Sustainability into the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Incorporating Green Engineering and Sustainability into the Engineering Curriculum. Author(s), Richard D Sisson, James C O'Shaughnessy, ...

97

Guidance on Incorporating EPA's Pollution Prevention Strategy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Review Process The guidance discusses the Environmental Protection Agency's definition of pollution prevention; how to incorporate pollution prevention into the EPA...

98

Eco-climatic conditions and biodiversity of Orlova?a cave  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within specific ecological condition of Orlova?a cave existed living world failing rich and large in number. They are adapted on absentia light as well as the other characteristic ecology parameter. On an occasion of researching and organizing Orlova?a ... Keywords: Orlova?a cave, cave biodiversity, cave ecosystems, cave microclimate, data base, software, troglobionts

Milovan Pecelj; Danimir Mandi?; Jelena Pecelj; Milica Pecelj; Srboljub Stamenkovi?; Dejan Djordjevi?

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Oil Palm Research in Context: Identifying the Need for Biodiversity Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil Palm Research in Context: Identifying the Need for Biodiversity Assessment Edgar C. Turner, Cambridge, United Kingdom Abstract Oil palm cultivation is frequently cited as a major threat to tropical was used to find papers on oil palm published since 1970, which were assigned to different subject

Foster, William A.

100

Book Review Conserving biodiversity in agricultural landscapes: Model-based planning tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Book Review Conserving biodiversity in agricultural landscapes: Model-based planning tools Robert K of conservation within agricultural landscapes. The book's authors and case studies are predominantly from developed United States and European countries, and as such, the book's application in some ways is lim

Moore, Jeffrey E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Comments of Qualcomm Incorporated | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Qualcomm Incorporated Qualcomm Incorporated Comments of Qualcomm Incorporated Qualcomm is pleased to provide these detailed comments to the Department of Energy ("DOE" or "Department") on how current and future wireless broadband communications capabilities can support the energy management needs of electric utilities, businesses, and consumers, which include requirements for the evolving and growing Smart Grid. The DOE should be applauded for timely following-up on the recommendations in the Federal Communications Commission's National Broadband Plan ("NBP") that focus on how broadband communications systems can achieve the critically important U.S. goals of energy independence and enhanced energy efficiency. See FCC NBP at 247. In this regard, Qualcomm explains how commercial

102

LCLS Gun Solenoid Design Considerations  

SciTech Connect

The LCLS photocathode rf gun requires a solenoid immediately downstream for proper emittance compensation. Such a gun and solenoid have been operational at the SSRL Gun Test Facility (GTF) for over eight years. Based on magnetic measurements and operational experience with the GTF gun solenoid multiple modifications are suggested for the LCLS gun solenoid. The modifications include adding dipole and quadrupole correctors inside the solenoid, increasing the bore to accommodate the correctors, decreasing the mirror plate thickness to allow the solenoid to move closer to the cathode, cutouts in the mirror plate to allow greater optical clearance with grazing incidence cathode illumination, utilizing pancake coil mirror images to compensate the first and second integrals of the transverse fields and incorporating a bipolar power supply to allow for proper magnet standardization and quick polarity changes. This paper describes all these modifications plus the magnetic measurements and operational experience leading to the suggested modifications.

Schmerge, John

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

103

Planar Undulator Considerations rw2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 July 2002 Planar Undulator Considerations John C. Sheppard Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford University Menlo Park, California Abstract: This note consists of informal working notes that document an effort to understand the TESLA baseline, unpolarized, undulator based positron source. This is the first step in the design process of an undulator based positron system for the NLC. The expressions and methodologies developed herein are used in subsequent memos that reference this note. In regards to the TESLA design, it is found that a 135 m long (versus 100 m length) undulator is consistent with the performance descriptions in the TDR text. And while operation of the TESLA system with a 250 GeV drive beam energy provides a safety margin of a factor of 2

104

Reliability Considerations from Integration of Smart Grid  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Considerations Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid 116-390 Village Blvd., Princeton, NJ 08540 609.452.8060 | 609.452.9550 fax www.nerc.com the reliability of the to ensure bulk power system December 2010 (This page intentionally left blank) to ensure the reliability of the bulk power system Reliability Considerations of Integration of Smart Grid i

105

Green River Biodiesel Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Incorporated Biodiesel Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name Green River Biodiesel Incorporated Place Houston, Texas Zip 77056 Product Biodiesel project developer and producer. Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

106

Diverse Power Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Diverse Power Incorporated Diverse Power Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name Diverse Power Incorporated Place Georgia Utility Id 19219 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Electric Service Commercial General Electric Service* Commercial Outdoor Lighting HPS 100 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting HPS 150 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting HPS 250 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting HPS 400 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting MH 1000 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting MH 400 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting MV 175 W Lighting

107

MAN Ferrostaal Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MAN Ferrostaal Incorporated MAN Ferrostaal Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name MAN Ferrostaal Incorporated Place Cleveland Zip 44122 Product Project developer and engineering company and US-based operating subsidiary of MAN Ferrostaal AG. Coordinates 41.504365°, -81.690459° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.504365,"lon":-81.690459,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

108

Materials considerations in accelerator targets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future nuclear materials production and/or the burn-up of long lived radioisotopes may be accomplished through the capture of spallation produced neutrons in accelerators. Aluminum clad-lead and/or lead alloys has been proposed as a spallation target. Aluminum was the cladding choice because of the low neutron absorption cross section, fast radioactivity decay, high thermal conductivity, and excellent fabricability. Metallic lead and lead oxide powders were considered for the target core with the fabrication options being casting or powder metallurgy (PM). Scoping tests to evaluate gravity casting, squeeze casting, and casting and swaging processes showed that, based on fabricability and heat transfer considerations, squeeze casting was the preferred option for manufacture of targets with initial core cladding contact. Thousands of aluminum clad aluminum-lithium alloy core targets and control rods for tritium production have been fabricated by coextrusion processes and successfully irradiated in the SRS reactors. Tritium retention in, and release from the coextruded product was modeled from experimental and operational data. Newly produced tritium atoms were trapped by lithium atoms to form a lithium tritide. The effective tritium pressure required for trap or tritide stability was the equilibrium decomposition pressure of tritium over a lithium tritide-aluminum mixture. The temperature dependence of tritium release was determined by the permeability of the cladding to tritium and the local equilibrium at the trap sites. The model can be used to calculate tritium release from aluminum clad, aluminum-lithium alloy targets during postulated accelerator operational and accident conditions. This paper describes the manufacturing technologies evaluated and presents the model for tritium retention in aluminum clad, aluminum-lithium alloy tritium production targets.

Peacock, H.B. Jr.; Iyer, N.C.; Louthan, M.R. Jr. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States). Materials Technology Section

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Combined cycle power plant incorporating coal gasification  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A combined cycle power plant incorporating a coal gasifier as the energy source. The gases leaving the coal gasifier pass through a liquid couplant heat exchanger before being used to drive a gas turbine. The exhaust gases of the gas turbine are used to generate both high pressure and low pressure steam for driving a steam turbine, before being exhausted to the atmosphere.

Liljedahl, Gregory N. (Tariffville, CT); Moffat, Bruce K. (Simsbury, CT)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Managing for Biodiversity: Emerging Ideas for the Electric Utility Industry: Environmental Management: An International Journal for Decision Makers, Scientists, and Environmental Auditors - Volume 20, Number 6  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has been concluded that protecting global biodiversity requires the cooperation of all entities. The papers in this special issue illustrate how the government and private sector needs to work together to address varied biodiversity issues. These 24 peer-reviewed accepted papers, representing the majority of the presentations, were given at a conference held in Williamsburg, Virginia during March 19-20, 1996. The conference focused on: identifying and understanding biodiversity issues for electric uti...

1999-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

111

BIG SUN Energy Technology Incorporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Incorporation Place Taiwan Zip 303 Sector Solar Product Taiwan-based solar cell manufacturer. References BIG SUN Energy Technology Incorporation1 LinkedIn...

112

Wireless System Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wireless System Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical Wireless System Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical Infrastructure Protection Standards Wireless System Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical Infrastructure Protection Standards Energy asset owners are facing a monumental challenge as they address compliance with the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) Standards (CIP-002 through CIP-009). The increased use of wireless technologies and their introduction into control center networks and field devices compound this challenge, as ambiguity exists regarding the applicability of the CIP requirements to wireless networking technologies. Wireless System Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical Infrastructure Protection Standards More Documents & Publications

113

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY ASTRONAUTICS CORPORATION...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Energy. Astronautics has developed considerable know-how relating to designs, design methods, and additional technical data related to items, systems, components, and...

114

Flux Power Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flux Power Incorporated Flux Power Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name Flux Power Incorporated Place Vista, California Zip 92081 Product California-based FLux Ppower was created in late-2009 to provide monitoring, diagnostics and charging technology aimed at extending the life of lithium-ion batteries. The company signed a supply deal with Wheego in January 2010. Coordinates 37.989712°, -93.665689° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.989712,"lon":-93.665689,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

115

General Biodiesel Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Incorporated Biodiesel Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name General Biodiesel Incorporated Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98136 Product General BioDieselâ"¢, Inc. specializes in producing high-quality biodiesel by processing vegetable oils (primarily palm, canola, soy, linseed, coconut, mustard and cotton) and by cleaning and recycling cooking oils. Coordinates 47.60356°, -122.329439° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.60356,"lon":-122.329439,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

116

Incorporation of noble metals into aerogels  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Aerogels or xerogels containing atomically dispersed noble metals for applications such as environmental remediation are disclosed. New noble metal precursors, such as Pt--Si or Pd(Si--P){sub 2}, have been created to bridge the incompatibility between noble metals and oxygen, followed by their incorporation into the aerogel or xerogel through sol-gel chemistry and processing. Applications include oxidation of hydrocarbons and reduction of nitrogen oxide species, complete oxidation of volatile organic carbon species, oxidative membranes for photocatalysis and partial oxidation for synthetic applications.

Hair, L.M.; Sanner, R.D.; Coronado, P.R.

1998-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

117

Incorporation of noble metals into aerogels  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Aerogels or xerogels containing atomically dispersed noble metals for applications such environmental remediation. New noble metal precursors, such as Pt--Si or Pd(Si--P).sub.2, have been created to bridge the incompatibility between noble metals and oxygen, followed by their incorporation into the aerogel or xerogel through sol-gel chemistry and processing. Applications include oxidation of hydrocarbons and reduction of nitrogen oxide species, complete oxidation of volatile organic carbon species, oxidative membranes for photocatalysis and partial oxidation for synthetic applications.

Hair, Lucy M. (Livermore, CA); Sanner, Robert D. (Livermore, CA); Coronado, Paul R. (Livermore, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Radiation collimator and systems incorporating same  

SciTech Connect

A collimator including a housing having disposed therein a shield element surrounding a converter core in which a photon beam is generated from electrons emanating from a linear accelerator. A beam channeler longitudinally adjacent the shield element has a beam aperture therethrough coaxially aligned with, and of the same diameter as, an exit bore of the converter core. A larger entry bore in the converter core is coaxial with, and longitudinally separated from, the exit bore thereof. Systems incorporating the collimator are also disclosed.

Norman, Daren R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Yoon, Woo Y. (Idaho Falls, ID); Jones, James L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Haskell, Kevin J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Bennett, Brion D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Tschaggeny, Charles W. (Woods Cross, UT); Jones, Warren F. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

119

Regulatory Considerations for Developing Distributed Generation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Generation Projects Webinar Regulatory Considerations for Developing Distributed Generation Projects Webinar May 23, 2012 11:30AM to 1:00PM MDT The purpose of this webinar...

120

Oceanographic Considerations for Desalination Plants in Southern California Coastal Waters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Considerations for Desalination Plants in SouthernConsiderations for Desalination Plants in Southernfor the Huntington Beach Desalination Project, submitted to

Jenkins, Scott A; Wasyl, Joseph

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

NEVADA TEAM AGREEMENT BETWEEN WACKENHUT SERVICES, INCORPORATED  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NEVADA TEAM NEVADA TEAM AGREEMENT BETWEEN WACKENHUT SERVICES, INCORPORATED AND INDEPENDENT GUARD ASSOCIATION OF NEVADA LOCAL NO. 1 2009 - 2014 LAS VEGAS, NEVADA LAS VEGAS, NEVADA AGREEMENT BETWEEN WSI AND INDEPENDENT GUARD ASSOCIATION OF NEVADA LOCAL NO. 1 2009 - 2014 LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 1 AGREEMENT BETWEEN WSI AND INDEPENDENT GUARD ASSOCIATION OF NEVADA LOCAL NO. 1 2009 - 2014 LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 2 PREAMBLE This Agreement is entered into this first day of July 2009, by and between WSI, hereinafter referred to as the "Company" and the Independent Guard Association of Nevada, Local No. 1, hereinafter referred to as the "Union" as the sole and exclusive representative for the purposes of collective bargaining for the Company's employees employed at the locations described in

122

Radiation shielding materials and containers incorporating same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved radiation shielding material and storage systems for radioactive materials incorporating the same. The PYRolytic Uranium Compound ("PYRUC") shielding material is preferably formed by heat and/or pressure treatment of a precursor material comprising microspheres of a uranium compound, such as uranium dioxide or uranium carbide, and a suitable binder. The PYRUC shielding material provides improved radiation shielding, thermal characteristic, cost and ease of use in comparison with other shielding materials. The shielding material can be used to form containment systems, container vessels, shielding structures, and containment storage areas, all of which can be used to house radioactive waste. The preferred shielding system is in the form of a container for storage, transportation, and disposal of radioactive waste. In addition, improved methods for preparing uranium dioxide and uranium carbide microspheres for use in the radiation shielding materials are also provided.

Mirsky, Steven M. (Greenbelt, MD); Krill, Stephen J. (Arlington, VA); Murray, Alexander P. (Gaithersburg, MD)

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Solar cells incorporating light harvesting arrays  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solar cell incorporates a light harvesting array that comprises: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to the first electrode, each of the light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: X.sup.1.paren open-st.X.sup.m+1).sub.m (I) wherein m is at least 1, and may be from two, three or four to 20 or more; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group (and preferably a porphyrinic macrocycle, which may be one ligand of a double-decker sandwich compound) having an excited-state of energy equal to or lower than that of X.sup.2 ; and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores (and again are preferably porphyrinic macrocycles).

Lindsey, Jonathan S. (Raleigh, NC); Meyer, Gerald J. (Baltimore, MD)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Radiation Shielding Materials and Containers Incorporating Same  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An improved radiation shielding material and storage systems for radioactive materials incorporating the same. The PYRolytic Uranium Compound (''PYRUC'') shielding material is preferably formed by heat and/or pressure treatment of a precursor material comprising microspheres of a uranium compound, such as uranium dioxide or uranium carbide, and a suitable binder. The PYRUC shielding material provides improved radiation shielding, thermal characteristic, cost and ease of use in comparison with other shielding materials. The shielding material can be used to form containment systems, container vessels, shielding structures, and containment storage areas, all of which can be used to house radioactive waste. The preferred shielding system is in the form of a container for storage, transportation, and disposal of radioactive waste. In addition, improved methods for preparing uranium dioxide and uranium carbide microspheres for use in the radiation shielding materials are also provided.

Mirsky, Steven M.; Krill, Stephen J.; and Murray, Alexander P.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Incorporating LCA tools in integrated simulation environments  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we address the issue of building data schema evolution in integrated simulation environments, as seen from the perspective of incorporating LCA tools within these environments. First we describe the key features of an integrated simulation environment designed for expandability, focusing on (a) the mechanism for the expansion of the integrated environment, and (b) its overall system architecture that allows processes and data to be added to the system without modifications or restructuring of existing code. We then focus on how the data schema allows the inclusion and maintenance of specialized construction objects bearing LCA data. Finally, we discuss various integration issues that arise from modeling capabilities and idiosyncrasies of individual simulation and analysis tools.

Pal, Vineeta; Papamichael, Konstantinos; Bourassa, Norman; Loffeld, John J.

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Radiation Shielding Materials and Containers Incorporating Same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved radiation shielding material and storage systems for radioactive materials incorporating the same. The PYRolytic Uranium Compound (''PYRUC'') shielding material is preferably formed by heat and/or pressure treatment of a precursor material comprising microspheres of a uranium compound, such as uranium dioxide or uranium carbide, and a suitable binder. The PYRUC shielding material provides improved radiation shielding, thermal characteristic, cost and ease of use in comparison with other shielding materials. The shielding material can be used to form containment systems, container vessels, shielding structures, and containment storage areas, all of which can be used to house radioactive waste. The preferred shielding system is in the form of a container for storage, transportation, and disposal of radioactive waste. In addition, improved methods for preparing uranium dioxide and uranium carbide microspheres for use in the radiation shielding materials are also provided.

Mirsky, Steven M.; Krill, Stephen J.; and Murray, Alexander P.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Regulatory Considerations for Developing Distributed Generation Projects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Regulatory Considerations for Developing Distributed Generation Regulatory Considerations for Developing Distributed Generation Projects Webinar Regulatory Considerations for Developing Distributed Generation Projects Webinar May 23, 2012 11:30AM to 1:00PM MDT The purpose of this webinar is to educate NRECA and APPA members, Tribes, and federal energy managers about a few of the regulatory issues that should be considered in developing business plans for distributed generation projects. This webinar is sponsored by the DOE Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs, DOE Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Tribal Energy Program, Western Area Power Administration, DOE Federal Energy Management Program, DOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, and the American Public Power

128

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Benefits and Considerations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Benefits and Benefits and Considerations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Benefits and Considerations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Benefits and Considerations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Benefits and Considerations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Benefits and Considerations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Benefits and Considerations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Benefits and Considerations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Ethanol Benefits and Considerations Ethanol is a renewable, domestically produced transportation fuel. Whether

129

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Benefits and Considerations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Benefits and Benefits and Considerations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Benefits and Considerations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Benefits and Considerations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Benefits and Considerations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Benefits and Considerations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Benefits and Considerations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Benefits and Considerations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Hydrogen Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Hydrogen Benefits and Considerations Hydrogen can be produced from diverse domestic resources with the potential

130

Blasting detonators incorporating semiconductor bridge technology  

SciTech Connect

The enormity of the coal mine and extraction industries in Russia and the obvious need in both Russia and the US for cost savings and enhanced safety in those industries suggests that joint studies and research would be of mutual benefit. The author suggests that mine sites and well platforms in Russia offer an excellent opportunity for the testing of Sandia`s precise time-delay semiconductor bridge detonators, with the potential for commercialization of the detonators for Russian and other world markets by both US and Russian companies. Sandia`s semiconductor bridge is generating interest among the blasting, mining and perforation industries. The semiconductor bridge is approximately 100 microns long, 380 microns wide and 2 microns thick. The input energy required for semiconductor bridge ignition is one-tenth the energy required for conventional bridgewire devices. Because semiconductor bridge processing is compatible with other microcircuit processing, timing and logic circuits can be incorporated onto the chip with the bridge. These circuits can provide for the precise timing demanded for cast effecting blasting. Indeed tests by Martin Marietta and computer studies by Sandia have shown that such precise timing provides for more uniform rock fragmentation, less fly rock, reduce4d ground shock, fewer ground contaminants and less dust. Cost studies have revealed that the use of precisely timed semiconductor bridges can provide a savings of $200,000 per site per year. In addition to Russia`s vast mineral resources, the Russian Mining Institute outside Moscow has had significant programs in rock fragmentation for many years. He anticipated that collaborative studies by the Institute and Sandia`s modellers would be a valuable resource for field studies.

Bickes, R.W. Jr.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

NUREG/CR-6870 Consideration of Geochemical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mining and milling of uranium ore. Nonetheless, the use of leaching fluids to mine uranium contaminatesNUREG/CR-6870 Consideration of Geochemical Issues in Groundwater Restoration at Uranium In in Groundwater Restoration at Uranium In-Situ Leach Mining Facilities Manuscript Completed: December 2006 Date

132

Considerations in PromotingConsiderations in Promoting Markets for Sustainable EnergyMarkets for Sustainable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology Conference 6 Market Barriers: Renewable Energy in Egypt ! Awareness and information ! FinancialConsiderations in PromotingConsiderations in Promoting Markets for Sustainable EnergyMarkets of markets for technologies in north and south #12;21 May 2003 Risø Energy Technology Conference 3 The Goal

133

Cogeneration Design Considerations for a Major Petrochemical Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The step increase in energy cost brought about in 1973 has permanently changed the way in which petrochemical production facilities are designed, operated, and maintained. Highly visible energy conservation programs consisting of steam trap repair, insulation, and turning off unused equipment in the late 1970s gave way to industrial wide shutdown of older, less efficient production facilities in the 1980s. The subject petrochemical facilitys energy use peaked in early 1981. Several small projects were instituted to accommodate a declining steam load and increasing amounts of low pressure steam venting. However, as steam load was dropping, electrical rates were increasing both from rising natural gas costs and utility construction of a nuclear power plant. As a result, energy costs seemed almost an uncontrollable cost in late 1982. This paper addresses the design considerations and the following distinct steps taken in the development process of a 100 megawatt cogeneration power plant currently under construction at the petrochemical facility. The paper addresses the following distinct steps taken in the design process. 1. Examination of past, current, and future electricity and steam demand. 2. Examination of the regulatory climate and opportunities for firm power sales. 3. Economic evaluation of different fuel and power cost projections and their impact on cycle and equipment selection. 4. Evaluation of the reliability required by current and associated future standby power contracts. 5. Examination of outside forces that impact the design. 6. Selection of final design. The above considerations led to a unique efficient design that incorporates 100% steam condensing capability and independent dual train operating capability. The subject cogeneration plant is scheduled to be in full operation in December of 1987.

Good, R. L.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Biodiversity Monitoring Using NGS Approaches on Unusual Substrates (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)  

SciTech Connect

Tom Gilbert of the Natural History Museum of Denmark on "Biodiversity monitoring using NGS approaches on unusual substrates" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting in Walnut Creek, Calif.

Gilbert, Tom [National History Museum of Denmark

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

DRAFT NEPA Guidance on Consideration of the Effects of Climate...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DRAFT NEPA Guidance on Consideration of the Effects of Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas Emissions DRAFT NEPA Guidance on Consideration of the Effects of Climate Change and...

136

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Benefits and Considerations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Benefits and Considerations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Benefits and Considerations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Benefits and Considerations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Benefits and Considerations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Benefits and Considerations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Benefits and Considerations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Benefits and Considerations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Idle Reduction Benefits & Considerations Heavy-Duty Vehicles Medium-Duty Vehicles Light-Duty Vehicles

137

RSF Workshop Session III: Cost Considerations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

III: Cost Considerations III: Cost Considerations Moderator: Dana Christensen Panelists: Phil Macey Paul Torcellini Rich von Luhrte NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. The Road to Net Zero Dana Christensen Deputy Laboratory Director Science & Technology RSF Workshop July 27-28, 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Managing Costs Paul Torcellini, PhD, PE Group Manager, Advanced Commercial Buildings Research Group Innovation for Our Energy Future 4 I II III IV Value Added 5 * Owner made tough decisions up-front * Set budget * Sought maximum value for that budget

138

New England Wind Forum: Siting Considerations  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Siting Considerations Siting Considerations Choosing a proper site for a wind turbine or farm is critical to a successful project. While the most important factors may vary from site to site, in any given instance a single factor can undermine success of an otherwise superlative project. On the other hand, sometimes a site may be weak in one area but so strong in another area that it is viable, such as a site with very strong winds that is farther than normal from a transmission line. A viable wind energy site generally includes the following key factors: Attractive Wind Resource Landowner and Community Support Feasible Permitting Compatible Land Use Nearby Access to an Appropriate Electrical Interconnect Point Appropriate Site Conditions for Access During Construction and Operations

139

Deuterium incorporation in biomass cell wall components by NMR analysis  

SciTech Connect

A commercially available deuterated kale sample was analyzed for deuterium incorporation by ionic liquid solution 2H and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). This protocol was found to effectively measure the percent deuterium incorporation at 33%, comparable to the 31% value determined by combustion. The solution NMR technique also suggested by a qualitative analysis that deuterium is preferentially incorporated into the carbohydrate components of the kale sample.

Foston, Marcus B [ORNL; McGaughey, Joseph [ORNL; O'Neill, Hugh Michael [ORNL; Evans, Barbara R [ORNL; Ragauskas, Arthur J [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Gas Turbine Considerations in the Pulp and Paper Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The pulp and paper industry is one of the largest users of energy in the industrial arena. Large quantities of process steam and electrical energy are required per unit of production. The pulp and paper industry has recognized the thermodynamic benefits and potentially attractive economics of developing power generation as an integral part of their power plant systems. The large requirements for process steam combined with process by-products and wood wastes make steam turbines a serious consideration in plant locations where suitable economic conditions are present. And many systems incorporating a wide variety of steam turbine types have been installed and are contributing toward profitable operations. In recent years, competitive pressures, environmental concerns, the cost and availability of various fuels, and new power generation opportunities have awakened the interest in power generation in the pulp and paper industry, as well as others. A strategic review of these issues creates the opportunity to favorably position the pulp and paper industry for the coming century. The industry has also become aware that gas turbine-based cogeneration systems can frequently be highly desirable relative to their traditional steam turbine approach.

Anderson, J. S.; Kovacik, J. M.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Energy Efficient Electrochromic Windows Incorporating Ionic Liquids  

SciTech Connect

One approach to increasing the energy efficiency of windows is to control the amount of solar radiation transmitted through a window by using electrochromic technology. What is unique about this project is that the electrochromic is based on the reduction/oxidation reactions of cathodic and anodic organic semi-conducting polymers using room temperature ionic liquids as ion transport electrolytes. It is believed that these types of coatings would be a lower cost alternative to traditional all inorganic thin film based electrochromic technologies. Although there are patents1 based on the proposed technology, it has never been reduced to practice and thoroughly evaluated (i.e. durability and performance) in a window application. We demonstrate that by using organic semi-conductive polymers, specific bands of the solar spectrum (specifically visible and near infrared) can be targeted for electrochemical variable transmittance responsiveness. In addition, when the technology is incorporated into an insulating glass unit, the energy parameters such as the solar heat gain coefficient and the light to solar gain ratio are improved over that of a typical insulating glass unit comprised of glass with a low emissivity coating. A minimum of {approx}0.02 quads of energy savings per year with a reduction of carbon emissions for electricity of {approx}320 MKg/yr benefit is achieved over that of a typical insulating glass unit including a double silver low-E coating. Note that these values include a penalty in the heating season. If this penalty is removed (i.e. in southern climates or commercial structures where cooling is predominate year-round) a maximum energy savings of {approx}0.05 quad per year and {approx}801 MKg/yr can be achieved over that of a typical insulating glass unit including a double silver low-E coating. In its current state, the technology is not durable enough for an exterior window application. The primary downfall is that the redox chemistry fails to recover to a bleached state upon exposure to heat and solar radiation while being cycled over time from the bleached to the dark state. Most likely the polymers are undergoing degradation reactions which are accelerated by heat and solar exposure while in either the reduced or oxidized states and the performance of the polymers is greatly reduced over time. For this technology to succeed in an exterior window application, there needs to be more work done to understand the degradation of the polymers under real-life application conditions such as elevated temperatures and solar exposure so that recommendations for improvements in to the overall system can be made. This will be the key to utilizing this type of technology in any future real-life applications.

Cheri Boykin; James Finley; Donald Anthony; Julianna Knowles; Richard Markovic; Michael Buchanan; Mary Ann Fuhry; Lisa Perrine

2008-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

142

Formation and Incorporation Energies of Fission Gases He, Xe, and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Formation and Incorporation Energies of Fission Gases He, Xe , ... nuclear fuels are bcc alloys of uranium that swell under fission conditions,...

143

Glass Plates under Micro-indentation Incorporation in Glass Ionomer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effects of nanocrystalline calcium de?cient hydroxyapatite gnCDHAl incorporation in glass ..... K., Nishino, M., 2003. Toughness, bonding and ?uoride release.

144

REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN RIGHTS IN SUBJECT INVENTIONS MADE IN THE COURSE OF OR UNDER DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO....

145

Incorporating Genomics and Bioinformatics across the Life Sciences Curriculum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Page Incorporating Genomics and Bioinformatics across the2007) Discovering Genomics, Proteomics, and Bioinformatics,2003) Public access for teaching genomics, proteomics, and

Ditty, Jayna L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Using biodiversity methods to assess the impacts of oil and gas development in tropical rain forests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oil and gas development in tropical rain forests has attracted international attention because of the potentially adverse effects on the forest ecosystems. Biodiversity is a topic of particular concern, but is difficult to assess for small areas of disturbance. In July 1992 we used light traps to compare insect diversity at canopy and ground level as a means of detecting the impacts of an exploratory well site and related facilities within mature Amazonian rain forest in the Oriente Province of Ecuador. Replicate samples were collected at the well site, in a nearby area of agricultural development, and in a reference site within mature forest. Species richness was determined, and diversity indices were calculated for each set of samples. Results indicated that changes in diversity could be detected in the canopy and at ground level at the well site, but that the reduction in diversity was small. Biological diversity was substantially reduced in the area of agricultural development. Limitations and possible applications of this approach are discussed.

Reagan, D.P.; Silva del Poso, X. [Woodward-Clyde Consultants, Denver, CO (United States)]|[Sociedad Entomologica Ecuatoriana, Quito (Ecuador)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Existing Building Commissioning (EBCx) Project Considerations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Existing Building Existing Building Commissioning (EBCx) Project Considerations Phil Welker, Executive Director PECI 2 Mapping Out Your Commissioning Strategy Three big questions: 1. Which buildings are commissioning candidates? 2. What commissioning approach(es) should I employ? 3. What expertise do I need to get it done? 3 Which buildings? Many factors come in to play: * Building sizes * Project budgets * Current energy performance * Building control systems * Occupancy rates * Operator/ engineering resources * Long term investment strategy * Sustainability plans or mandates * Equipment Replacements Selecting the right buildings is critical to achieve the maximum benefit in a cost-efficient manner. See the EPA's "A Retrocommissioning Guide for Building Owners"

148

Criticality safety and facility design considerations  

SciTech Connect

Operations with fissile material introduce the risk of a criticality accident that may be lethal to nearby personnel. In addition, concerns over criticality safety can result in substantial delays and shutdown of facility operations. For these reasons, it is clear that the prevention of a nuclear criticality accident should play a major role in the design of a nuclear facility. The emphasis of this report will be placed on engineering design considerations in the prevention of criticality. The discussion will not include other important aspects, such as the physics of calculating limits nor criticality alarm systems.

Waltz, W.R.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Design Considerations for Large Industrial Cogeneration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cogeneration systems have been contributing to the profitability of many industrial plants for years. However, with the renewed interest in energy and conservation as the cornerstone of the National Energy Act, it is important that the alternatives available to fully exploit this technology be fully understood. This paper will review the considerations required to develop meaningful cogeneration systems. Turbine types, ratings, steam conditions and other parameters will be discussed and their impact on economics will be illustrated. Furthermore, the influence of tax incentives on the economics of cogeneration systems will be explored.

Kovacik, J. M.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Enhancing the soil organic matter pool through biomass incorporation.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A study was installed in the Upper Coastal Plain of South Carolina, USA, that sought to examine the impact of incorporating downed slash materials into subsoil layers on soil chemical and physical properties as compared with the effect of slash materials left on the soil surface. Baseline levels of slash were estimated by establishing transects within harvested stands and estimating the quantity of down wood and stumps. An equivalent quantity of biomass and two times the baseline levels were incorporated into subsurface soil layers by a CMI RS 500B reclaimer/stabilizer. Two sites were examined which differed in soil textural composition: sandy vs. clay. Site differences had no impact on machine productivity and machine costs were estimated at $US 521 ha-1 and $US 633 ha-1 on the ''sandy'' and ''clay'' sites, respectively. The feasibility of the CM1 for biomass incorporation is low due to high unit area costs but increased machine productivity would reduce costs and improve its potential. Biomass incorporation improved carbon and nutrient content of each site, especially on the sandy site. Slash levels had an impact on nutrient content but the differences were not statistically significant. For the sandy site, improvements in soil physical properties were evident in response to incorporation and machine planting operations. Bulk density and soil strength were reduced in response to biomass incorporation and tillage to levels that would not limit root production. The differences in soil physical response between incorporated treatments were minimal and not statistically significant.

Sanchez, Felipe, G.; Carter, Emily, A.; Klepac, John, F.

2003-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

151

Guidance: Incorporating EPA's Pollution Prevention Strategy into Environmental Reviews  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

$'1 $'1 f%'1OIR A N Iv { JM ............................................... EiW'KRO>31ENTAL PROTECTIOX AGENCY OFF~E C)F FEI)ERAL ACTIVITIES Guidance on Incorporating EPA's Pollution Prevention Strategy ,' into EPA's Environmental Revielv Process The Office of Federal Activities (OFA) is issuing guidance which incorporates the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Pollution Prevention Strategy into the Agency's National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and Section 309 of the Clean Air Act review processes. Prevention To implement thePollution Act of 1990, this guidance focuses primarily upon influencing federal agencies' policies, practices, and regulatory functions to incorporate pollution prevention into their planning and decision-making. IMckzround

152

Campaigns and incentive programs that incorporate ENERGY STAR | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Campaigns and incentive programs that incorporate ENERGY STAR Campaigns and incentive programs that incorporate ENERGY STAR Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section Policies that specify the use of ENERGY STAR tools Campaigns and incentive programs that incorporate ENERGY STAR Lead by example Gather support Develop programs and policies Host a competition Use financing vehicles

153

Fuel Interchangeability Considerations for Gas Turbine Combustion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In recent years domestic natural gas has experienced a considerable growth in demand particularly in the power generation industry. However, the desire for energy security, lower fuel costs and a reduction in carbon emissions has produced an increase in demand for alternative fuel sources. Current strategies for reducing the environmental impact of natural gas combustion in gas turbine engines used for power generation experience such hurdles as flashback, lean blow-off and combustion dynamics. These issues will continue as turbines are presented with coal syngas, gasified coal, biomass, LNG and high hydrogen content fuels. As it may be impractical to physically test a given turbine on all of the possible fuel blends it may experience over its life cycle, the need to predict fuel interchangeability becomes imperative. This study considers a number of historical parameters typically used to determine fuel interchangeability. Also addressed is the need for improved reaction mechanisms capable of accurately modeling the combustion of natural gas alternatives.

Ferguson, D.H.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Participatory Simulation for Collective Management of Protected Areas for Biodiversity Conservation and Social Inclusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, we introduce a research project aimed at methodological and computer-based support for participatory management of protected areas, in order to promote biodiversity conservation and social inclusion. Our starting point is the companion modelling approach, as defined by the ComMod group, a movement of researchers created in 2003. Their method, called MAS/RPG, consists in iterations coupling role-playing games (RPG) and agent-based simulations (MAS), in order to model collective management and support negotiation between stakeholders. It has been applied to the collective management of natural renewable resources. The agent-based simulations are used to foresee, display and discuss the impact of individual actions on the environment. For obvious reasons, companion modelling does not provide stakeholders with a pre-defined solution to their conflicts. More recently, an evolution of the MAS/RPG approach named agent-based participatory simulations proved able to prompt participants to create innovative distributed solutions to complex problems. These simulations rely more heavily on computer support (distribution, logs, assistant agents) and integrate the agent-based simulation with the role-playing game, thus reducing the need for iterations. Our objective is to propose and evaluate the use of this methodology and the associated software tools on different national parks for conservation of natural resources in Brazil. Our first case study is the Tijuca National Park, in Rio de Janeiro. It is inserted in the urban net of a great metropolis (Rio de Janeiro) and suffers from different kinds of human pressure and their impacts, e.g., illegal occupation, water contamination and social tension. This case study addresses the question of conflict resolution, one of the key questions for the participatory management of protected areas.

Jean-pierre Briot

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

DOE Cites Bechtel National Incorporated for Price-Anderson Violations |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incorporated for Price-Anderson Incorporated for Price-Anderson Violations DOE Cites Bechtel National Incorporated for Price-Anderson Violations March 16, 2006 - 12:46pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) today notified Bechtel National Incorporated (BNI) that it will fine the company $198,000 for violations of the Department's nuclear safety requirements. BNI is the primary design and construction contractor for the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). The Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) issued today cited a series of violations that occurred during the design and construction of the WTP between May 2002 and September 2005. Violations include failure to abide by design codes documented in facility safety requirements, failure to abide by inspection requirements for waste processing vessels, failure to utilize

156

DOE Cites Bechtel National Incorporated for Price-Anderson Violations |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incorporated for Price-Anderson Incorporated for Price-Anderson Violations DOE Cites Bechtel National Incorporated for Price-Anderson Violations October 4, 2007 - 3:14pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today notified Bechtel National Incorporated (BNI) that it will fine the company $165,000 for violations of the Department's nuclear safety requirements. BNI is the primary design and construction contractor for the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) located at the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington. The Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) issued today cited a series of violations that occurred during the design and construction of the WTP between October 2001 and February 2006. Violations include failures in quality processes to control design changes, and to ensure vendor-supplied

157

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach: Incorporating Wind in Cap and Trade  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Incorporating Wind in Cap and Trade Programs Incorporating Wind in Cap and Trade Programs There are various methods of allocating allowances to renewable energy sources under cap and trade programs, such as renewable energy set asides and output-based approaches. Background materials and presentations from the January 12, 2006 Webcast below, provide information on why it is important to include wind and other renewables in cap and trade programs and how best to incorporate them. Implications of Carbon Regulation for Green Power Markets Bird, L.; Holt, E.; Carroll, G. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, April 2007. January 12, 2006 Webcast: Incorporating Renewable Energy under the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Co-Sponsors American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) U.S. DOE/NREL Wind Powering America

158

Incorporating Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the purposes of this paper, non-energy benefits are definedthat Incorporate Non-energy Benefits This paper identified aPaper presented to American Council for an Energy Efficient

Larsen, Peter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

National Policy Assurances to be Incorporated as Award Terms | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Policy Assurances to be Incorporated as Award Terms National Policy Assurances to be Incorporated as Award Terms National Policy Assurances to be Incorporated as Award Terms The following are the National Policy Assurances which are incorporated by reference as Award Terms at time of Award. The National Policy Assurances which apply to the award are those in effect on the date of award. For example, the August 2008 version applies to all awards from August 2008 through the present. National_Policy_Assurances-September_ 2011.pdf National Policy Assurances - August 2008 National Policy Assurances - September 2007 National Policy Assurances - May 2006 National Policy Assurances - July 2005 National Policy Assurances - October 2004 More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - NationalPolicyAssurances5-06.doc

160

Synthesis of Monolithic Iron Incorporated Silica Aerogels by Ambient ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the Fe to Si molar ratio not exceeding 0.10, the bulk density of iron incorporated silica aerogels increased to 0.55g/cm3, while the porosity reduced to 76%...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Incorporating software architecture in the computer science curriculum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This workshop introduces the concepts of software architecture and how to incorporate these concepts into the computer science and software engineering curriculum. Participants will learn techniques used in industry to specify quality attributes critical ...

Martin L. Barrett; Ayse Bener; Steve Chenoweth

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Effects of Incorporation of Silica and Zirconia Nanoparticles on the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Composites with weak interface showed essentially no change in Tg and damping or even ... On the other hand, incorporation of the particles did not alter the thermal ... of a Novel Hybrid Bimodal Network Elastomer with Inorganic Cross

163

The Intrinsic Structure of Optic Flow Incorporating Measurement Duality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this article is to define optic flow for scalar and density images without using a priori knowledge other than its defining conservation principle, and to incorporate measurement ...

Luc Florack; Wiro Niessen; Mads Nielsen

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

ISO New England, Incorporated Smart Grid Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incorporated Smart Grid Project Incorporated Smart Grid Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead ISO New England, Incorporated Country United States Headquarters Location Holyoke, Massachusetts Additional Benefit Places Connecticut, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont Recovery Act Funding $7993714 Total Project Value $18087427 Coverage Area Coverage Map: ISO New England, Incorporated Smart Grid Project Coordinates 42.2042586°, -72.6162009° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

165

Single and Multiple Heteroatom Incorporation in MFI Zeolites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zeolites are crystalline inorganic solids that are industrially used for adsorption, ion exchange and catalysis. As catalysts, they have been particularly successful in the hydrocarbon processing industry due to their unique activities and selectivities. Zeolites are mainly used in acid catalyzed reactions, but their catalytic functionality can be diversified through the incorporation of elements that are traditionally not part of their framework. The incorporation of various elements has been studied in recent decades resulting in zeolites with potential to perform different chemistries or improve catalytic performance in existing ones. However, many of these investigations have been conducted under conditions that do not necessarily represent realistic scenarios for industrial implementation. The main objective of this dissertation was to study the single and simultaneous framework incorporation of tin, boron, germanium and aluminum in MFI zeolites under synthesis conditions that are more in line with industrial preparations. These include the use of mixtures in alkaline media with high concentration of precursor species. The interest on tin resides on its potential for Lewis acid catalysis, while boron and germanium have potential for modulating acid strength and enhancing catalytic properties respectively. Three specific systems were studied: MFI zeolites with simultaneous incorporation of germanium and aluminum (i.e. Ge-Al-MFI zeolites), MFI zeolites with simultaneous incorporation of germanium and boron (i.e. B-Ge-MFI zeolites), and MFI zeolites with single incorporation of tin (i.e. Sn-MFI zeolites). Systematic synthesis experiments were coupled with extensive analytical characterization in order to assess how element incorporation and zeolite physicochemical properties are affected by synthesis conditions. In addition, the catalytic activity of Sn-MFI zeolites for the hydroxylation of phenol was studied. The general conclusion from this work is that framework incorporation of these elements is highly influenced by pH, mixture composition and the presence of sodium cations. Sodium cations are commonly included in industrial preparations through the use of sodium hydroxide, but they were found to negatively affect framework incorporation due to a tendency to form stable extra-framework impurities with the heteroatoms, especially germanium and tin. pH and mixture composition are particularly influential in controlling germanium and boron incorporation, while the incorporation of tin, its coordination environment and catalytic performance were found to depend on synthesis conditions as well as post-synthesis treatments.

Garcia Vargas, Nataly

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

ENHANCEMENT OF STRUCTURAL FOAM MATERIALS BY INCORPORATION OF GASIFIER SLAG  

SciTech Connect

As advanced gasification technology is increasingly adopted as an energy source, disposal of the resulting slag will become a problem. We have shown that gasifier slag can be incorporated into foamed glass, which is currently being manufactured as an abrasive and as an insulating material. The slag we add to foamed glass does not simply act as filler, but improves the mechanical properties of the product. Incorporation of gasifier slag can make foamed glass stronger and more abrasion resistant.

Olin Perry Norton; Ronald A. Palmer; W. Gene Ramsey

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

167

Incorporating sell-up in airline revenue management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The decision to buy a fare that is higher than the desired fare, under the situation when the desired fare is not available, is known as sell-up. Passengers' willingness to sellup can have considerable impact on airline ...

Charania Aamer

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Advanced Circulating Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion (APFBC) Repowering Considerations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weinstein & Travers: APFBC Repowering Considerations Weinstein & Travers: APFBC Repowering Considerations paper 970563 Page 1 of 35 Advanced Circulating Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion (APFBC) Repowering Considerations Richard E. Weinstein, P.E. Parsons Power Group Inc. Reading, Pennsylvania eMail: Richard_E_Weinstein@Parsons.COM / phone: 610 / 855-2699 Robert W. Travers, P.E. U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy Germantown, Maryland eMail: Robert.Travers@HQ.DOE.GOV / phone: 301 / 903-6166 Weinstein & Travers: APFBC Repowering Considerations paper 970563 Page 2 of 35 Advanced Circulating Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion Repowering Considerations ABSTRACT ..............................................................................................................................................................................

169

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

system incorporates a highly reliable fuel processing system for the conversion of Natural Gas into Hydrogen, and UTC has recently filed patent applications covering an...

170

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY RELIANCE ELECTRIC COMPANY...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

its waiver petition, REC has extensive prior experience in the design and manufacture of electric motors, including motors which incorporate superconducting materials. REC and its...

171

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY GENERAL MOTORS CORPORATION...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

laboratory to market place. This will be a team effort focusing on utilizing the latest materials research breakthrough: incorporating these innovations into thermoelectric...

172

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Benefits and Considerations of Electricity  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Benefits and Benefits and Considerations of Electricity as a Vehicle Fuel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Benefits and Considerations of Electricity as a Vehicle Fuel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Benefits and Considerations of Electricity as a Vehicle Fuel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Benefits and Considerations of Electricity as a Vehicle Fuel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Benefits and Considerations of Electricity as a Vehicle Fuel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Benefits and Considerations of Electricity as a Vehicle Fuel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Benefits and Considerations of Electricity as a Vehicle Fuel on AddThis.com...

173

Incorporating qualitative objectives in integrated resource planning: Application of analytic hierarchy process and compromise programming  

SciTech Connect

This article proposes a multiobjective methodology for the integrated resource planning (IRP) problem using a combined analytic hierarchy process (AHP)-compromise programming (CP) model. Six objectives, of which five are qualitative in nature, have been considered to select demand and supply-side resources for meeting future electricity demand. The quantitative objective (viz., cost) is employed directly in the CP model. AHP priorities are derived for the qualitative objectives (e.g., technological maturity) after eliciting expert judgments. These priorities are employed as coefficients of the decision variables in the objective functions corresponding to the qualitative objectives of the model. The two distinct advantages of this method are (1) explicit consideration of all important qualitative and quantitative aspects of demand-side management (DSM) and supply-side options, and (2) consideration of specific characteristics of various types of DSM options. An illustrative application is provided for an Indian utility (Maharashtra State Electricity System) for its integrated resource plan for the period 1990--2000. The results show that the AHP-CP model incorporating qualitative objectives selects a different portfolio of DSM and supply options, as compared with single-criterion solutions. Compromise among the conflicting objectives leads to significant cost savings as well as qualitative benefits like improved system reliability, reduced environmental impact, fewer problems related to fuel supply, and shorter project installation times.

Koundinya, S.; Chattopadhyay, D.; Ramanathan, R. [Indira Gandhi Inst. of Development Research, Bombay (India)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Incorporating Aggregated PV Systems into the Power Grid | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incorporating Aggregated PV Systems into the Power Grid Incorporating Aggregated PV Systems into the Power Grid Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.gwec.net/index.php?id=131 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/spain-installed-wind-capacity-website Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Feed-in Tariffs This website presents an overview of total installed wind energy capacity in Spain per year from 2000 to 2010. The page also presents the main market developments from 2010; a policy summary; a discussion of the revision in feed-in tariffs in 2010; and a future market outlook. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Incorporating_Aggregated_PV_Systems_into_the_Power_Grid&oldid=514463

175

Manufacturing Plants Incorporate Energy Efficiency into Business Model |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manufacturing Plants Incorporate Energy Efficiency into Business Manufacturing Plants Incorporate Energy Efficiency into Business Model Manufacturing Plants Incorporate Energy Efficiency into Business Model April 27, 2011 - 12:15pm Addthis Participants of the Superior Energy Performance certification program | Photo Courtesy of Texas Industries of the Future/Dave Bray Participants of the Superior Energy Performance certification program | Photo Courtesy of Texas Industries of the Future/Dave Bray Lowell Sachs Lead Technology Partnership Specialist, Industrial Technologies Program Four Texas-based manufacturing plants are adopting robust energy efficiency standards as part of an energy management certification program led by the Department of Energy's Industrial Technologies Program. The certification program, called Superior Energy Performance, provides a

176

Incorporating Wind Generation in Cap and Trade Programs  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Incorporating Wind Generation in Incorporating Wind Generation in Cap and Trade Programs Joel Bluestein Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. Elizabeth Salerno American Wind Energy Association Lori Bird and Laura Vimmerstedt National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technical Report NREL/TP-500-40006 July 2006 Incorporating Wind Generation in Cap and Trade Programs Joel Bluestein Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. Elizabeth Salerno American Wind Energy Association Lori Bird and Laura Vimmerstedt National Renewable Energy Laboratory Prepared under Task No. WER6 6006 Technical Report NREL/TP-500-4006 July 2006 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

177

Manufacturing Plants Incorporate Energy Efficiency into Business Model |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manufacturing Plants Incorporate Energy Efficiency into Business Manufacturing Plants Incorporate Energy Efficiency into Business Model Manufacturing Plants Incorporate Energy Efficiency into Business Model April 27, 2011 - 12:15pm Addthis Participants of the Superior Energy Performance certification program | Photo Courtesy of Texas Industries of the Future/Dave Bray Participants of the Superior Energy Performance certification program | Photo Courtesy of Texas Industries of the Future/Dave Bray Lowell Sachs Lead Technology Partnership Specialist, Industrial Technologies Program Four Texas-based manufacturing plants are adopting robust energy efficiency standards as part of an energy management certification program led by the Department of Energy's Industrial Technologies Program. The certification program, called Superior Energy Performance, provides a

178

ACARS Aerodynamic (Research Incorporated) Communication and Recording System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ix ix Acrononyms and Abbreviations Acronyms and Abbreviations ACARS Aerodynamic (Research Incorporated) Communication and Recording System ACSYS Arctic Climate System Study AER Atmospheric Environmental Research, Inc. AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer AFOSR Air Force Office of Scientific Research AGARD Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development ALFA AER Local Forecast and Assimilation (model) AMIP Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project ARCS Atmosphere Radiation and Cloud Stations ARCSS Arctic System Science (NSF) ARCSYM Arctic Regional Climate System Model ARINC Aerodynamic Research Incorporated Communication ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program AS anvil stratus ASTER Atmosphere-Surface Turbulent Exchange Research ASTEX Altantic Stratocumulus Transition EXperiment

179

Cross-flow Ultrafiltration Scaling Considerations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One legacy of the nuclear age is radioactive waste and it must be stabilized to be stored in a safe manner. An important part of the stabilization process is the separation of radioactive solids from the liquid wastes by cross-flow ultrafiltration. The performance of this technology with the wastes to be treated was unknown and, therefore, had to be obtained. However, before beginning a filter study the question of experimental scale had to be addressed. Of course, carrying out experiments using full-size equipment is always ideal, but rarely practical when dealing with plant size processes. Flow loops that will handle millions of liters of slurries, which are either highly caustic or acidic, with flow rates of 10,000 lpm make full-scale tests prohibitively expensive. Moreover, when the slurries happen to be radioactive such work is also very dangerous. All of these considerations lend themselves to investigations at smaller scales and in many situations can be treated with computational analyses. Unfortunately, as scale is reduced it becomes harder to provide prototypic results and the two and three phase multi-component mixtures challenge accurate computational results. To obtain accurate and representative filter results the use of two scales were chosen: (1) Small-scale--would allow the testing with actual radioactive waste samples and compare results with simulated wastes that were not radioactive. For this scale the feed tank held 6 liters of waste and it had a single cross-flow filter tube 0.61 m long. (2) Pilot-scale--would be restricted to use simulated non-radioactive wastes. At this larger scale the feed tank held 120 liters of waste and the filter unit was prototypic to the planned plant facility in pore size (0.1 micron), length (2.29 m), diameter (0.0127 m inside and 0.0159 m outside diameter), and being multi-tubed. The small-scale apparatus is convenient, easy to use, and can test both radioactive and non-radioactive wastes; therefore, there is a larger database than at the pilot scale. In fact, the small-scale data are very useful to compare actual waste to simulated waste filter performance to validate a simulant, but data availability does not mean they accurately represent full-scale performance. Results indicate that small-scale filter fluxes to be significantly higher that those at the pilot scale. In an attempt to study the difference in filter performance at the two scales an experiment was done that used exactly the same simultant which was created at the same time so that issues of composition and aging would not compromise the results. This paper will discuss those experimental results, as well as those from a computational fluid dynamics model to better understand the small-scale limitations.

Duignan, M

2006-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

180

Method for incorporating radioactive phosphoric acid solutions in concrete  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for incorporating radioactive phosphoric acid solutions in concrete is described wherein the phosphoric acid is reacted with Ca(OH)/sub 2/ to form a precipitate of hydroxyapatite and the hydroxyapatite is mixed with Portland cement to form concrete.

Wolf, G.A.; Smith, J.W.; Ihle, N.C.

1982-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Integrated Modeling of Building Energy Requirements Incorporating Solar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Renewable Energy, Distributed Energy Program of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02 report LBNL-52753. February 2003. Site information and characteristics EIA (U.S. Energy InformationLBNL-58783 Integrated Modeling of Building Energy Requirements Incorporating Solar Assisted Cooling

182

Method for incorporating radioactive phosphoric acid solutions in concrete  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for incorporating radioactive phosphoric acid solutions in concrete is described wherein the phosphoric acid is reacted with Ca(OH).sub.2 to form a precipitate of hydroxyapatite and the hydroxyapatite is mixed with portland cement to form concrete.

Wolf, Gary A. (Kennewick, WA); Smith, Jeffrey W. (Lancaster, OH); Ihle, Nathan C. (Walla Walla, WA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Structural design considerations for stretched-membrane heliostat reflector modules with stability and initial imperfection considerations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report extends the work of several previous reports that present the background leading to the development of stretched-membrane modules and analysis methods to study the structural response of the stretched-membrane module. Specifically, this report presents and discusses the design implications based on our analysis of single- or double-membrane concepts, and the amplification of initial imperfections and deflections caused by loading, which results from stability considerations. In this document, we present analysis results for both single- and double-membrane concepts corresponding to a range of design and loading conditions. Further, we show that stretched-membrane/frame combinations respond quite differently to external loads than can be inferred by studying the decoupled frame and membrane independently. Thus the coupled membrane/frame problem should be considered to assure an accurate description of its response. For idealized configurations and loadings, we discuss the relative merits of various design features for both of these designs. In addition, we studied the structural stability (i.e., the tendency of structural deformation to grow with little increase in applied load) of the tensioned-membrane, compressed-frame combination. Moreover, we demonstrate how stability considerations are important in determining the amplification of both initial displacement imperfection and the deformations caused by wind and weight loading on the structure.

Murphy, L.M.; Simms, D.; Sallis, D.V.

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Developing physical surrogates for benthic biodiversity using co-located samples and regression tree models: a conceptual synthesis for a sandy temperate embayment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Marine physical and geochemical data can be valuable surrogates for predicting the distributions and assemblages of marine species. This study investigated the bio-environment surrogacy relationships in Jervis Bay, a sandy marine embayment in south-eastern ... Keywords: Jervis Bay, benthic biodiversity, conceptual model, surrogates

Zhi Huang; Matthew McArthur; Lynda Radke; Tara Anderson; Scott Nichol; Justy Siwabessy; Brendan Brooke

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Thermochemical Considerations in the Design of Multilayered EBCs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Thermochemical Considerations in the Design of ... Dopant Effects on the Nb2AlC/Gd2Zr2O7 Interface from Molecular Dynamics Simulation.

186

Land use siting considerations for hydrothermal energy facilities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrothermal resources are described and discussion is focused on some of the land use and social considerations involved in siting hydrothermal power plants. (MHR)

Oakes, K.M.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Design Considerations for Solar Energy Harvesting Wireless Embedded Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sensor node using our solar energy harvesting module. VI. CDesign Considerations for Solar Energy Harvesting Wirelessfactors. For example, solar energy supply is highly time

Raghunathan, Vijay; Kansal, Aman; Hsu, Jason; Friedman, Jonathan K; Srivastava, Mani B

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS ADVANCE WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

le - 003 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS ADVANCE WAIVER ASCI RP No. PF-01 high performance computing technologies that would subaoquantly be economically sustained in the...

189

Unit load and material handling considerations in facility layout design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 1, 2002 ... In this paper, the integration of unit load and material handling considerations in facility layout design is presented. This integration is based on...

190

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY THE UNITED STATES ADVANCED...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

708 )2 2779 P. 002 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY THE UNITED STATES ADVANCED BATTERY CONSORTIUM (USABC) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER...

191

Integrating environmental considerations in technology selections under uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Competition requires companies to make decisions that satisfy multiple criteria. Considering profitability alone is no longer sufficient. Ignoring environmental considerations will not only expose a company to potential ...

Chen, Yue (Yue Nina)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Patent STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CERAMATEC CORPORATION...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Patent STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CERAMATEC CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC PATENT RIGHTS FOR INVENTIONS DEVELOPED UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO....

193

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY PRAXAIR, INC. FOR AN ADVANCE...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

04 * * STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY PRAXAIR, INC. FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS UNDER ITS SUBCONTRACT WITH THE GLASS TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE...

194

Environmental screening tools for assessment of infrastructure plans based on biodiversity preservation and global warming (PEIT, Spain)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) research has been concerned with SEA as a procedure, and there have been relatively few developments and tests of analytical methodologies. The first stage of the SEA is the 'screening', which is the process whereby a decision is taken on whether or not SEA is required for a particular programme or plan. The effectiveness of screening and SEA procedures will depend on how well the assessment fits into the planning from the early stages of the decision-making process. However, it is difficult to prepare the environmental screening for an infrastructure plan involving a whole country. To be useful, such methodologies must be fast and simple. We have developed two screening tools which would make it possible to estimate promptly the overall impact an infrastructure plan might have on biodiversity and global warming for a whole country, in order to generate planning alternatives, and to determine whether or not SEA is required for a particular infrastructure plan.

Garcia-Montero, Luis G., E-mail: luisgonzaga.garcia@upm.e [Dept. Forest Engineering, E.T.S. Ingenieros de Montes, Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Ciudad Universitaria s/n, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Lopez, Elena, E-mail: elopez@caminos.upm.e [TRANSyT, E.T.S. Ingenieros de Caminos, Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Avda. Profesor Aranguren s/n, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Monzon, Andres, E-mail: amonzon@caminos.upm.e [TRANSyT, E.T.S. Ingenieros de Caminos, Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Avda. Profesor Aranguren s/n, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Otero Pastor, Isabel, E-mail: isabel.otero@upm.e [TRANSyT, E.T.S. Ingenieros de Caminos, Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Avda. Profesor Aranguren s/n, Madrid 28040 (Spain)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

195

Materials considerations for inertially-confined fusion reactors (ICFR)  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses some of the material considerations for inertially confined fusion reactors. A comparison of the material considerations for inertially confined reactors is made with those of magnetically confined reactors. The lithium fall reactor concept is used as an example of the freedom from constraints intrinsic to inertially-confined fusion reactors.

Hovingh, J.

1978-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

196

Wind energy, offers considerable promise: the wind itself is free,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind energy, offers considerable promise: the wind itself is free, wind power is clean. One of these sources, wind energy, offers considerable promise: the wind itself is free, wind power is clean, and it is virtually inexhaustible. In recent years, research on wind energy has accelerated

Langendoen, Koen

197

Incorporating Copyrighted Material into STI Products | Scientific and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Incorporating Copyrighted Material into STI Products Incorporating Copyrighted Material into STI Products Print page Print page Email page Email page Most contractors have standard procedures that their researchers are not to include third-party copyrighted material within their STI products. If such material (e.g., a chart or illustration) is included, release should be obtained from the copyright holder. The permission should state the scope of the release or permission to reproduce, distribute, prepare derivative works, display, or perform publicly so that access and availability can be accurately provided in the Announcement Notice (AN 241.1 or AN 241.3). The STI product originator should maintain all documentation related to getting permission from the copyright owner or authorized representative at the originating site.

198

Patent STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CERAMATEC CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Patent Patent STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CERAMATEC CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC PATENT RIGHTS FOR INVENTIONS DEVELOPED UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO. DE-FCO2-95CE41158, RELATING TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN ENERGY EFFICIENT SYSTEM FOR RECYCLING WASTE SODIUM; W(A)95-023, CH-0866. Enclosed herewith is a petition for an advanced waiver of the governments foreign and domestic rights in inventions conceived by its employees and those of its large business subcontractors, to Ceramatec, Inc. (Ceramatec) under the subject contract. Under the program, Ceramatec is to build a novel electrochemical conversion process for recycling waste sodium sulfate to valuable chemicals by incorporating membranes to extract these chemicals. Ceramatec has agreed to at least a. 24% cost share during each phase of the contract, for a

199

Passive Tamper Indicating Enclosures Incorporating Embedded Optical Fibre  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AWE and PNNL are engaged in a technical collaboration investigating techniques to enhance continuity of knowledge over Accountable Items within a verified nuclear weapons dismantlement process. Tamper Indicating Enclosures (TIE) will likely be deployed as part of a chain of custody regime to indicate an unauthorised attempt to access an Accountable Item. This paper looks at the use of passive TIEs incorporating embedded optical fibre; concepts relating to deployment, tamper indication and unique identification will be discussed.

Wynn, Paul; White, Helen; Allen, Keir; Simmons, Kevin L.; Sliva, Paul; Benz, Jacob M.; Tanner, Jennifer E.

2011-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

200

Hydrogen incorporation into III-V nitrides during processing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrogen is readily incorporated into GaN and related alloys during wet and dry etching, chemical vapor deposition of dielectric overlayers, boiling in water and other process steps, in addition to its effects during MOCVD or MOMBE growth. The hydrogen is bound at defects or impurities and passivates their electrical activity. Reactivation occurs at 450-550{degrees}C, but evolution from the crystal requires much higher temperatures ({ge} 800{degrees}C).

Pearton, S.J.; Abernathy, C.R.; Vartuli, C.B. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)] [and others

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Consideration Of Cumulative Impacts In EPA Review of NEPA Documents |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Consideration Of Cumulative Impacts In EPA Review of NEPA Documents Consideration Of Cumulative Impacts In EPA Review of NEPA Documents Consideration Of Cumulative Impacts In EPA Review of NEPA Documents The purpose of this guidance is to assist EPA reviewers of NEPA documents in providing accurate, realistic, and consistent comments on the assessment of cumulative impacts. The guidance focuses on specific issues that are critical in EPA's review of NEPA documents under Section 309 of the Clean Air Act. The guidance offers information on what issues to look for in the analysis, what practical considerations should be kept in mind when reviewing the analysis, and what should be said in EPA comments concerning the adequacy of the analysis. Consideration Of Cumulative Impacts In EPA Review of NEPA Documents More Documents & Publications

202

GRR/Section 2 - Preliminary Site Considerations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2 - Preliminary Site Considerations 2 - Preliminary Site Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 2 - Preliminary Site Considerations 02SiteConsiderations (1).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies United States Forest Service Fish and Wildlife Service Bureau of Land Management Western Governors' Association Regulations & Policies National Environmental Policy Act Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 02SiteConsiderations (1).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative Premilinary site selection of geothermal exploration and potential leasing

203

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY ALLIEDSIGNAL, INC. (ALLIEDSIGNA...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

with Solar Turbines Incorporated (Solar) for the development of a ceramic stationary gas turbine under contract No. DE-AC02-92CE40960. A copy of AlliedSignal's waiver petition...

204

General Considerations of the Electrostatic Boundary Conditions in Oxide Heterostructures  

SciTech Connect

When the size of materials is comparable to the characteristic length scale of their physical properties, novel functionalities can emerge. For semiconductors, this is exemplified by the 'superlattice' concept of Esaki and Tsu, where the width of the repeated stacking of different semiconductors is comparable to the 'size' of the electrons, resulting in novel confined states now routinely used in opto-electronics. For metals, a good example is magnetic/non-magnetic multilayer films that are thinner than the spin-scattering length, from which giant magnetoresistance (GMR) emerged, used in the read heads of hard disk drives. For transition metal oxides, a similar research program is currently underway, broadly motivated by the vast array of physical properties that they host. This long-standing notion has been recently invigorated by the development of atomic-scale growth and probe techniques, which enables the study of complex oxide heterostructures approaching the precision idealized in Fig. 1(a). Taking the subset of oxides derived from the perovskite crystal structure, the close lattice match across many transition metal oxides presents the opportunity, in principle, to develop a 'universal' heteroepitaxial materials system. Hand-in-hand with the continual improvements in materials control, an increasingly relevant challenge is to understand the consequences of the electrostatic boundary conditions which arise in these structures. The essence of this issue can be seen in Fig. 1(b), where the charge sequence of the sublayer 'stacks' for various representative perovskites is shown in the ionic limit, in the (001) direction. To truly 'universally' incorporate different properties using different materials components, be it magnetism, ferroelectricity, superconductivity, etc., it is necessary to access and join different charge sequences, labelled here in analogy to the designations 'group IV, III-V, II-VI' for semiconductors. As we will review, interfaces between different families creates a host of electrostatic issues. They can be somewhat avoided if, as in many semiconductor heterostructures, only one family is used, with small perturbations (such as n-type or p-type doping) around them. However, for most transition metal oxides, this is greatly restrictive. For example, LaMnO{sub 3} and SrMnO{sub 3} are both insulators in part due to strong electron correlations, and only in their solid solution does 'colossal magnetoresistance' emerge in bulk. Similarly, the metallic superlattice shown in Fig. 1(c) can be considered a nanoscale deconstruction of (La,Sr)TiO{sub 3} to the insulating parent compounds. Therefore the aspiration to arbitrarily mix and match perovskite components requires a basic understanding of, and ultimately control over, these issues. In this context, here we present basic electrostatic features that arise in oxide heterostructures which vary the ionic charge stacking sequence. In close relation to the analysis of the stability of polar surfaces and semiconductor heterointerfaces, the variation of the dipole moment across a heterointerface plays a key role in determining its stability. Different self-consistent assignments of the unit cell are presented, allowing the polar discontinuity picture to be recast in terms of an equivalent local charge neutrality picture. The latter is helpful in providing a common framework with which to discuss electronic reconstructions, local-bonding considerations, crystalline defects, and lattice polarization on an equal footing, all of which are the subject of extensive current investigation.

Higuchi, Takuya

2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

205

Scaling Up Economic Instruments for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Conservation in the Tropics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global conservation organizations are mainly consumers of expertise in economics. In this essay, I discuss the capacity gaps in economic analysis that prevent all conservation organizations from being more successful. This problem has some urgency because concern for climate change impacts has generated support for increased public investments to conserve natural systems in the tropics not seen since the Brundtland report (World Commission on Environment and Development 1987). Specific landscape management investments are widely recognized to be an efficient response to climate change mitigation and adaptation goals. Economic instruments that incorporate the costs of environmental externalities into private landuse decisions also hold great promise in guiding expansion of biofuel production, and avoiding irreversible losses from new infrastructure and commodity production (Chomitz 2007). Unfortunately, although great strides have been made in the theoretical and practical use of economic instruments for achieving environmental outcomes in tropical landscapes, there are not enough sufficiently trained people to guide or monitor the implementation of these policy tools inside public, private, and NGO-sector institutions in key developing countries (Bonine 2003). There are many more organic farming certifiers than people who know why a forest

Biodiversity; Keith Alger

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Design Considerations, Installation and Operation of the Two-Stage Parallel Flow Absorption Chiller  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This presentation describes the actual design consideration and field operation experience of two-stage parallel flow absorption chillers. The applications include new construction, rehabilitation of old HVAC systems, cogeneration, and industrial process heat recovery. The high performance (COP = 1.14), and reduced maintenance cost of the two-stage parallel flow absorption chiller provides a notable improvement over the conventional single stage absorption chillers (COP = .6). The infamous reputation of the single stage absorption chiller for crystallization, poor mechanical performance, and general unreliability has been completely neutralized by new design concepts incorporated in the two-stage parallel flow absorption chiller/heater. The ease of maintenance and virtual elimination of crystallization has vastly improved chilled water production and mechanical longevity. The two-stage parallel flow absorption chiller is adaptable to various heat sources including direct fired multi-fuel, steam, exhaust, hot water, thermal fluids, etc. This makes this chiller a worthy consideration as an alternate to electrically driven refrigeration. The two-stage parallel flow absorption chiller has been operating in the United States since 1979 and there is presently over 24,000 tons of installed capacity online. Installations include office buildings, hospitals, computer centers, industrial process water and others.

Hufford, P. E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Engineering internship at Brown & Root, Incorporated: a report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An engineering intership at Brown & Root, Incorporated was completed over a period slightly in excess of one year. During his internship, the industrial engineer was assigned tasks related to the organization of a manufacturing department and the pursuit and completion of its projects. Many of his contributions were system-related and involved sales, engineering proposals, engineering economy, contract negotiations, employee merit evaluation, design, and general groundwork. He was also assigned to two engineering projects concerning the design and construction of manufacturing facilities. One of the project assignments required international travel to England and Nigeria, and almost all of the assignments involved some aspect of engineering management.

Gannaway, Randall Joe, 1952-

1977-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Incorporation of Cu Acceptors in ZnO Nanocrystals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Doping of semiconductor nanocrystals is an important problem in nanomaterials research. Using infrared (IR) and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), we have observed Cu acceptor dopants that were intentionally introduced into ZnO nanocrystals. The incorporation of Cu2+ dopants increased as the diameter of the nanocrystals was increased from ~3 to 5 nm. Etching the nanocrystals with acetic acid revealed a core-shell structure, where a 2-nm lightly doped core is surrounded by a heavily doped shell. These observations are consistent with the trapped dopant model, in which dopant atoms stick to the surface of the core and are overgrown by the nanocrystal material.

Oo, W.M.H.; Mccluskey, Matthew D.; Huso, Jesse; Morrison, J.; Bergman, Leah; Engelhard, Mark H.; Saraf, Laxmikant V.

2010-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

209

File:01MTALandUseConsiderations.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MTALandUseConsiderations.pdf MTALandUseConsiderations.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:01MTALandUseConsiderations.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 10 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 11:01, 1 October 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 11:01, 1 October 2012 1,275 × 1,650 (10 KB) Dklein2012 (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information) File usage The following 2 pages link to this file: GRR/Flowcharts GRR/Section 1-MT-a - Land Use Considerations

210

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATIO...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 16:45 FR IPL DOE CH 630 252 2779 TO FlGCP-HQ P.0204 Jg * STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION RESEARCH FOUNDATION (AWWARF) FOR AN ADVANCED...

211

File:01AKALandUseConsiderations.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

01AKALandUseConsiderations.pdf 01AKALandUseConsiderations.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:01AKALandUseConsiderations.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 10 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 09:46, 18 October 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 09:46, 18 October 2012 1,275 × 1,650 (10 KB) Jnorris (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information) File usage The following 2 pages link to this file: GRR/Flowcharts GRR/Section 1-AK-a - Land Use Considerations

212

File:01HIALandUseConsiderations.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HIALandUseConsiderations.pdf HIALandUseConsiderations.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:01HIALandUseConsiderations.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 20 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 13:05, 23 October 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 13:05, 23 October 2012 1,275 × 1,650 (20 KB) Dklein2012 (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information) File usage The following 2 pages link to this file: GRR/Flowcharts GRR/Section 1-HI-a - Land Use Considerations

213

Secure ICCP IntegrationConsiderations and Recommendations | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ICCP IntegrationConsiderations and Recommendations ICCP IntegrationConsiderations and Recommendations Secure ICCP IntegrationConsiderations and Recommendations The goal of this report is to identify the operation and implementation issues associated with the introduction of the secure form of the Inter-control Center Communications Protocol, or ICCP, formally referred to as IEC 60870-6-TASE.2, into the utility infrastructure. The report provides considerations and recommendations to assist a utility owner to advance the security of the utility's data exchange operations. The report starts with a description of information assurance, and then discusses end node authentication and Public Key Infrastructures (PKI) using Certificate Authority (CA) certificates. Network infrastructures and protocols associated with ICCP are reviewed, assessed, and modeled to identify the

214

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY ENERGY CONVERSION DEVICES...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CH 630 252 2779 TO AGCP-HQ P.0204 * * STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY ENERGY CONVERSION DEVICES, INC. FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER...

215

SW(A)93-006 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SW(A)93-006 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by Cummins Power Generation, Inc. for an Advance Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Patent Rights to Inventions made under the Dish...

216

W(A)94-022 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

W(A)94-022 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by Cummins Power Generation, Inc., for an Advance Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Patent Rights to Inventions made under a contract...

217

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY HYBRID POWER GENERATION...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE CH 630 252 2779 TO AGCP-HQ P.0203 * * STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY HYBRID POWER GENERATION SYSTEMS, LLC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE...

218

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY THE DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE CH 630 252 2779 TO AGCP-HQ P.0204 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY THE DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE...

219

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY EASTMAN CHEMICAL COMPANY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY EASTMAN CHEMICAL COMPANY FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC22-95PC93052...

220

Meteorological Considerations Used in Planning the NEXRAD Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A systematic and objective approach was used to optimize the siting of the individual radars forming the Next Generation Weather Radar (NEXRAD) network. Prime consideration was given to meteorological factors in conjunction with the user agencies'...

D. A. Leone; R. M. Endlich; J. Petri?eks; R. T. H. Collis; J. R. Porter

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY LUMILEDS LIGHTING, U.S...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY LUMILEDS LIGHTING, U.S. FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC26-01NT41251;...

222

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY ATLANTA GAS LIGHT AND...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PLD-CHICAGO TEL:1 70 252 2779 P, 004 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY ATLANTA GAS LIGHT AND ADSORBENT RESEARCH GROUP (AGLARG) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN...

223

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY NUVERA FUEL CELLS, INC...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE CH 630 252 2779 TO RGCP-HQ P.0203 * * STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY NUVERA FUEL CELLS, INC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE...

224

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Advanced Class Waiver of Patent Rights...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

630 252 2779 TO AGCP-HQ P.0205 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Advanced Class Waiver of Patent Rights for Technology Developed Under DOE Funding Agreements Relating to DOE's Natural...

225

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Advance Class Waiver of Patent Rights...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

I, tJLu - C i rL- E Vuc- w-4 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Advance Class Waiver of Patent Rights for Technology Developed Under DOE Funding Agreements Relating to DOE's Natural...

226

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS TO...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CH 630 252 2779 TO AGCP-HQ P.0203 * 0 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS TO MACK TRUCKS, INC. UNDER NREL SUBCONTRACT NO. ZCI-4-32049-01, UNDER DOE PRIME...

227

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Advance Class Waiver of Patent Rights...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

252 2779 TO AGCP-HQ P.0205 * 9 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Advance Class Waiver of Patent Rights for Technology Developed Under DOE Funding Agreements Relating to DOE's Natural...

228

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS TO...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE CH 630 252 2779 TO AGCP-HQ P.0204 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS TO HONEYWELL POWER SYSTEMS, INC. UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO. DE-FC02-OOCH11061 FOR...

229

File:01ORALandUseConsiderations.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1ORALandUseConsiderations.pdf 1ORALandUseConsiderations.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:01ORALandUseConsiderations.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 11 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 11:52, 28 September 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 11:52, 28 September 2012 1,275 × 1,650 (11 KB) Dklein2012 (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information) File usage The following 2 pages link to this file: GRR/Flowcharts GRR/Section 1-OR-a - Land Use Considerations

230

File:01IDALandUseConsiderations.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IDALandUseConsiderations.pdf IDALandUseConsiderations.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:01IDALandUseConsiderations.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 25 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 17:23, 25 October 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 17:23, 25 October 2012 1,275 × 1,650 (25 KB) Dklein2012 (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information) File usage The following 2 pages link to this file: GRR/Flowcharts GRR/Section 1-ID-a - Land Use Considerations

231

INCORPORATION OF MONO SODIUM TITANATE AND CRYSTALLINE SILICOTITANATE FEEDS IN HIGH LEVEL NUCLEAR WASTE GLASS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four series of glass compositions were selected, fabricated, and characterized as part of a study to determine the impacts of the addition of Crystalline Silicotitanate (CST) and Monosodium Titanate (MST) from the Small Column Ion Exchange (SCIX) process on the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) glass waste form and the applicability of the DWPF process control models. All of the glasses studied were considerably more durable than the benchmark Environmental Assessment (EA) glass. The measured Product Consistency Test (PCT) responses were compared with the predicted values from the current DWPF durability model. One of the KT01-series and two of the KT03-series glasses had measured PCT responses that were outside the lower bound of the durability model. All of the KT04 glasses had durabilities that were predictable regardless of heat treatment or compositional view. In general, the measured viscosity values of the KT01, KT03, and KT04-series glasses are well predicted by the current DWPF viscosity model. The results of liquidus temperature (T{sub L}) measurements for the KT01-series glasses were mixed with regard to the predictability of the T{sub L} for each glass. All of the measured T{sub L} values were higher than the model predicted values, although most fell within the 95% confidence intervals. Overall, the results of this study show a reasonable ability to incorporate the anticipated SCIX streams into DWPF-type glass compositions with TiO{sub 2} concentrations of 4-5 wt % in glass.

Fox, K.; Johnson, F.; Edwards, T.

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

232

Yttrium Dopants in Titania: not Structurally Incorporated but Bound at  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yttrium Dopants in Titania: not Structurally Yttrium Dopants in Titania: not Structurally Incorporated but Bound at Surfaces Structurally incorporated impurities have been shown to have systematic effects on the rate of the thermally driven transformation in titania nanoparticles [1-4]. The anatase-to-rutile transformation is slowed when anatase nanoparticles are doped with a cation of valence > +4, but favored when the valence < +4. Based on these observations, Y3+ dopants should promote the anatase-to-rutile transformation. However, prior studies showed that the transformation is inhibited by Y3+ impurities [1,2], without explaining this observation. In a study led by the scientists of University of California Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) experiments on yttrium-doped titania nanoparticles were conducted for determining the local structural environment of Y3+ impurities. The experiments were developed in collaboration with SSRL beamline scientists at BLs 10-2 and 11-2.

233

The effects of incorporating dynamic data on estimates of uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Petroleum exploration and development are capital intensive and smart economic decisions that need to be made to profitably extract oil and gas from the reservoirs. Accurate quantification of uncertainty in production forecasts will help in assessing risk and making good economic decisions. This study investigates the effect of combining dynamic data with the uncertainty in static data to see the effect on estimates of uncertainty in production forecasting. Fifty permeability realizations were generated for a reservoir in west Texas from available petrophysical data. We quantified the uncertainty in the production forecasts using a likelihood weighting method and an automatic history matching technique combined with linear uncertainty analysis. The results were compared with the uncertainty predicted using only static data. We also investigated approaches for best selecting a smaller number of models from a larger set of realizations to be history matched for quantification of uncertainty. We found that incorporating dynamic data in a reservoir model will result in lower estimates of uncertainty than considering only static data. However, incorporation of dynamic data does not guarantee that the forecasted ranges will encompass the true value. Reliability of the forecasted ranges depends on the method employed. When sampling multiple realizations of static data for history matching to quantify uncertainty, a sampling over the entire range of realization likelihoods shows larger confidence intervals and is more likely to encompass the true value for predicted fluid recoveries, as compared to selecting the best models.

Mulla, Shahebaz Hisamuddin

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

BIODIVERSIT ET BIOMASSE DE LA FAUNE DU SOL SOUS CLIMAT English title: Biodiversity and biomass of soil fauna in temperate climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BIODIVERSIT? ET BIOMASSE DE LA FAUNE DU SOL SOUS CLIMAT TEMP?R?: English title: Biodiversity and biomass of soil fauna in temperate climate PONGE Jean-François Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle.60.46.50.09, e-mail: jean- francois.ponge@wanadoo.fr Résumé et most-clés: Dans les sols forestiers les biomasses

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

235

Net Metering and Interconnection Procedures-- Incorporating Best Practices  

SciTech Connect

State utility commissions and utilities themselves are actively developing and revising their procedures for the interconnection and net metering of distributed generation. However, the procedures most often used by regulators and utilities as models have not been updated in the past three years, in which time most of the distributed solar facilities in the United States have been installed. In that period, the Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) has been a participant in more than thirty state utility commission rulemakings regarding interconnection and net metering of distributed generation. With the knowledge gained from this experience, IREC has updated its model procedures to incorporate current best practices. This paper presents the most significant changes made to IREC???¢????????s model interconnection and net metering procedures.

Jason Keyes, Kevin Fox, Joseph Wiedman, Staff at North Carolina Solar Center

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Reliability assessment of autonomous power systems incorporating HVDC interconnection links  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this paper is to present an improved computational method for the overall reliability assessment of autonomous power systems that may or may not contain HVdc interconnection links. This is a hybrid method based on a Monte-Carlo simulation sequential approach which incorporates an analytical approach for the reliability modeling of the HVdc transmission links. The developed models and techniques have been implemented into a computer program that can be used to simulate the operational practices and characteristics of the overall system under study efficiently and realistically. A set of reliability indices are calculated for each load-point of interest and the entire system while a set of additional indices is calculated for quantifying the reliability performance of the interconnection links under the specified operating requirements. The analysis of a practical system is also included for a number of studies representing its various operating and design characteristics.

Dialynas, E.N.; Koskolos, N.C. [National Technical Univ., Athens (Greece). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Agoris, D. [Public Power Corp., Athens (Greece)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Incorporating uncertainty in RADTRAN 6.0 input files.  

SciTech Connect

Uncertainty may be introduced into RADTRAN analyses by distributing input parameters. The MELCOR Uncertainty Engine (Gauntt and Erickson, 2004) has been adapted for use in RADTRAN to determine the parameter shape and minimum and maximum of the distribution, to sample on the distribution, and to create an appropriate RADTRAN batch file. Coupling input parameters is not possible in this initial application. It is recommended that the analyst be very familiar with RADTRAN and able to edit or create a RADTRAN input file using a text editor before implementing the RADTRAN Uncertainty Analysis Module. Installation of the MELCOR Uncertainty Engine is required for incorporation of uncertainty into RADTRAN. Gauntt and Erickson (2004) provides installation instructions as well as a description and user guide for the uncertainty engine.

Dennis, Matthew L.; Weiner, Ruth F.; Heames, Terence John (Alion Science and Technology)

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Ionic liquid pretreatment of poplar wood at room temperature: swelling and incorporation of nanoparticles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lignocellulosic biomass represents a potentially sustainable source of liquid fuels and commodity chemicals. It could satisfy the energy needs for transportation and electricity generation, while contributing substantially to carbon sequestration and limiting the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Potential feedstocks are abundant and include crops, agricultural wastes, forest products, grasses, and algae. Among those feedstocks, wood is mainly constituted of three components: cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. The conversion process of lignocellulosic biomass typically consists of three steps: (1) pretreatment; (2) hydrolysis of cellulose and hemicellulose into fermentable sugars; and (3) fermentation of the sugars into liquid fuels (ethanol) and other commodity chemicals. The pretreatment step is necessary due to the complex structure of the plant cell wall and the chemical resistance of lignin. Most current pretreatments are energy-intensive and/or polluting. So it is imperative to develop new pretreatments that are economically viable and environmentally friendly. Recently, ionic liquids have attracted considerable interest, due to their ability to dissolve biopolymers, such as cellulose, lignin, native switchgrass, and others. Ionic liquids are also considered green solvents, since they have been successfully recycled at high yields for further use with limited efficiency loss. Also, a few microbial cellulases remain active at high ionic liquid concentration. However, all studies on the dissolution of wood in ionic liquids have been conducted so far at high temperatures, typically above 90 C. Development of alternative pretreatments at room temperature is desirable to eliminate the additional energy cost. In this study, thin sections of poplar wood were swollen at room temperature by a 3 h ionic liquid (1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate or EMIMAc) pretreatment. The pretreated sample was then exposed to an aqueous suspension of nanoparticles that resulted in the sample contraction and the deposition of nanoparticles onto the surface and embedded into the cell wall. To date, both silver and gold particles ranging in size from 40-100 nm have been incorporated into wood. Penetration of gold nanoparticles of 100 nm diameter in the cell walls was best confirmed by near-infrared confocal Raman microscopy, since the deposition of gold nanoparticles induces a significant enhancement of the Raman signal from the wood in their close proximity, an enhancement attributed to the surface-enhanced Raman effect (SERS). After rinsing with water, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Raman images of the same areas show that most nanoparticles remained on the pretreated sample. Raman images at different depths reveal that a significant number of nanoparticles were incorporated into the wood sample, at depths up to 4 {micro}m, or 40 times the diameter of the nanoparticles. Control experiments on an untreated wood sample resulted in the deposition of nanoparticles only at the surface and most nanoparticles were removed upon rinsing. This particle incorporation process enables the development of new pretreatments, since the nanoparticles have a high surface-to-volume ratio and could be chemically functionalized. Other potential applications for the incorporated nanoparticles include isotope tracing, catalysis, imaging agents, drug-delivery systems, energy-storage devices, and chemical sensors.

Lucas, Marcel [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Macdonald, Brian A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wagner, Gregory L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Joyce, Steven A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rector, Kirk D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Incorporating Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts Title Incorporating Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts Publication Type Conference Paper Year of Publication 2012 Authors Larsen, Peter H., Charles A. Goldman, Donald Gilligan, and Terry E. Singer Conference Name 2012 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Date Published 2012 Publisher ACEEE Conference Location Asilomar Conference Center, Pacific Grove, California Abstract This paper evaluates the issue of non-energy benefits within the context of the U.S. energy services company (ESCO) industry-a growing industry comprised of companies that provide energy savings and other benefits to customers through the use of performance-based contracting. Recent analysis has found that ESCO projects in the public/institutional sector, especially at K-12 schools, are using performance-based contracting, at the behest of the customers, to partially -- but not fully -- offset substantial accumulated deferred maintenance needs (e.g., asbestos removal, wiring) and measures that have very long paybacks (roof replacement). This trend is affecting the traditional economic measures policymakers use to evaluate success on a benefit to cost basis. Moreover, the value of non-energy benefits which can offset some or all of the cost of the non-energy measures -- including operations and maintenance (O&M) savings, avoided capital costs, and tradable pollution emissions allowances -- are not always incorporated into a formal cost-effectiveness analysis of ESCO projects. Non- energy benefits are clearly important to customers, but state and federal laws that govern the acceptance of these types of benefits for ESCO projects vary widely (i.e., 0-100% of allowable savings can come from one or more non-energy categories). Clear and consistent guidance on what types of savings are recognized in Energy Savings Agreements under performance contracts is necessary, particularly where customers are searching for deep energy efficiency gains in the building sector.

240

Microsoft Word - NSTB_AMI_SecurityConsiderationsV4.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SANDIA REPORT SAND2007-7327 Unlimited Release Printed November 2007 Advanced Metering Infrastructure Security Considerations Raymond C. Parks Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under Contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Approved for public release; further dissemination unlimited. Advanced Metering Infrastructure Security Considerations 2 Issued by Sandia National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Regulatory Considerations for Developing Generation Projects on Federal Lands  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mason Emnett Mason Emnett Office of Energy Policy and Innovation Jonathan First Office of the General Counsel February 6, 2013 NOTE: Comments herein do not represent the views of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission or its Commissioners Regulatory Considerations for Developing Generation Projects on Federal Lands 2 Purpose of this Presentation * Describe the types of transactions that fall under FERC jurisdiction * Describe pertinent federal laws and how they apply - What does it mean to be a "public utility" or "transmitting utility" under federal law? - How does ownership and usage of a generation facility impact regulatory considerations? - When are parties required to register with NERC? 3 FERC-Related Statutes * Federal Power Act

242

Regulatory Considerations for Developing Generation Projects on Federal Lands  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mason Emnett Mason Emnett Office of Energy Policy and Innovation Jonathan First Office of the General Counsel February 6, 2013 NOTE: Comments herein do not represent the views of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission or its Commissioners Regulatory Considerations for Developing Generation Projects on Federal Lands 2 Purpose of this Presentation * Describe the types of transactions that fall under FERC jurisdiction * Describe pertinent federal laws and how they apply - What does it mean to be a "public utility" or "transmitting utility" under federal law? - How does ownership and usage of a generation facility impact regulatory considerations? - When are parties required to register with NERC? 3 FERC-Related Statutes * Federal Power Act

243

Design considerations for a laser-plasma linear collider  

SciTech Connect

Design considerations for a next-generation electron-positron linear collider based on laser-plasma-accelerators are discussed. Several of the advantages and challenges of laser-plasma based accelerator technology are addressed. An example of the parameters for a 1 TeV laser-plasma based collider is presented.

Schroeder, C. B.; Esarey, E.; Geddes, C. G. R.; Toth, Cs.; Leemans, W. P.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Remote Sensing of Natural Areas: Procedures and Considerations for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Remote Sensing of Natural Areas: Procedures and Considerations for Assessing Vegetation Ecosystems and Remote Sensing Program Introduction Remote sensing can be defined as the acquisi- tion for rapid analysis. In the last Technical Report, we provided an in- troduction to how remote sensing can

245

Remote Sensing of Natural Areas: Procedures and Considerations for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Remote Sensing of Natural Areas: Procedures and Considerations for Assessing Stress and Pollution Jason Goldberg, James Perry, and John Anderson Coastal Ecosystems and Remote Sensing Program Introduction Remote sensing can be defined as the acquisi- tion and measurement of data/information on some

246

Sustainable Energy Science and Engineering Center Cost Considerations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrolyzer / fuel cell Storage Solar cells Solar energy DC Night H2 Intelligent Proton Exchange Membrane DeSustainable Energy Science and Engineering Center Cost Considerations Life Cycle Cost of a Energy to the time of acquisition. #12;Sustainable Energy Science and Engineering Center Time Value of Money

Krothapalli, Anjaneyulu

247

A review of decommissioning considerations for new reactors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At a time of 'nuclear renaissance' when the focus is on advanced reactor designs and construction, it is easy to overlook the decommissioning considerations because such a stage in the life of the new reactors will be some sixty years down the road. Yet, one of the lessons learned from major decommissioning projects has been that decommissioning was not given much thought when these reactors were designed three or four decades ago. Hence, the time to examine what decommissioning considerations should be taken into account is right from the design stage with regular updates of the decommissioning strategy and plans throughout the life cycle of the reactor. Designing D and D into the new reactor designs is necessary to ensure that the tail end costs of the nuclear power are manageable. Such considerations during the design stage will facilitate a more cost-effective, safe and timely decommissioning of the facility when a reactor is eventually retired. This paper examines the current regulatory and industry design guidance for the new reactors with respect to the decommissioning issues and provides a review of the design considerations that can help optimize the reactor designs for the eventual decommissioning. (authors)

Devgun, J.S.Ph.D. [Manager Nuclear Power Technologies, Sargent and Lundy LLC, Chicago, IL (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Energy Conservation and Sustainability at Adobe Systems Incorporated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this case study is to analyze a successful sustainability program run by an owner that has invested $23 million, received rebates of $10 million, accrued over $9 million of savings and has won top scores in LEED and Energy Star. This case study is based on project information supplied by the owner and structured interviews with the operational team. The project drivers are identified and analyzed based on payback characteristics. Finally, the case study puts Adobe Systems results within the context of the industry by matching it to the challenges identified in other reports. The results show: (1) 40 % of projects are initiated by operation management personnel; (2) the projects with the biggest savings are supported by third-party incentives; and (3) only 10 % of projects are evaluated by simulation and account for 12 % of annual savings. Performance benchmarking, using Energy Star, is a crucial step to determine the potential and priority of energy improvements and should be run annually. LEED EB is a valuable certification process when expanding conservation efforts beyond energy aspects to sustainability. Building owners can incorporate the methodologies applied to evaluate these successful projects into their buildings. Facility managers can leverage the findings to present the advantages of recertification and commissioning.

Sustainability; Robert Graebert; Martin Fischer; Robert Graebert A; Martin Fischer B

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Shale-oil-recovery systems incorporating ore beneficiation. Final report.  

SciTech Connect

This study analyzed the recovery of oil from oil shale by use of proposed systems which incorporate beneficiation of the shale ore (that is concentration of the kerogen before the oil-recovery step). The objective was to identify systems which could be more attractive than conventional surface retorting of ore. No experimental work was carried out. The systems analyzed consisted of beneficiation methods which could increase kerogen concentrations by at least four-fold. Potentially attractive low-enrichment methods such as density separation were not examined. The technical alternatives considered were bounded by the secondary crusher as input and raw shale oil as output. A sequence of ball milling, froth flotation, and retorting concentrate is not attractive for Western shales compared to conventional ore retorting; transporting the concentrate to another location for retorting reduces air emissions in the ore region but cost reduction is questionable. The high capital and energy cost s results largely from the ball milling step which is very inefficient. Major improvements in comminution seem achievable through research and such improvements, plus confirmation of other assumptions, could make high-enrichment beneficiation competitive with conventional processing. 27 figures, 23 tables.

Weiss, M.A.; Klumpar, I.V.; Peterson, C.R.; Ring, T.A.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Incorporating the Technology Roadmap Uncertainties into the Project Risk Assessment  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes two methods, Technology Roadmapping and Project Risk Assessment, which were used to identify and manage the technical risks relating to the treatment of sodium bearing waste at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. The waste treatment technology under consideration was Direct Vitrification. The primary objective of the Technology Roadmap is to identify technical data uncertainties for the technologies involved and to prioritize the testing or development studies to fill the data gaps. Similarly, project management's objective for a multi-million dollar construction project includes managing all the key risks in accordance to DOE O 413.3 - "Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets." In the early stages, the Project Risk Assessment is based upon a qualitative analysis for each risk's probability and consequence. In order to clearly prioritize the work to resolve the technical issues identified in the Technology Roadmap, the issues must be cross- referenced to the project's Risk Assessment. This will enable the project to get the best value for the cost to mitigate the risks.

Bonnema, Bruce Edward

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Incorporating the Technology Roadmap Uncertainties into the Project Risk Assessment  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes two methods, Technology Roadmapping and Project Risk Assessment, which were used to identify and manage the technical risks relating to the treatment of sodium bearing waste at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. The waste treatment technology under consideration was Direct Vitrification. The primary objective of the Technology Roadmap is to identify technical data uncertainties for the technologies involved and to prioritize the testing or development studies to fill the data gaps. Similarly, project management's objective for a multi-million dollar construction project includes managing all the key risks in accordance to DOE O 413.3 - ''Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets.'' In the early stages, the Project Risk Assessment is based upon a qualitative analysis for each risk's probability and consequence. In order to clearly prioritize the work to resolve the technical issues identified in the Technology Roadmap, the issues must be cross- referenced to the project's Risk Assessment. This will enable the project to get the best value for the cost to mitigate the risks.

Bonnema, B.E.

2002-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

252

Incorporating Genomics and Bioinformatics across the Life Sciences Curriculum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Undergraduate life sciences education needs an overhaul, as clearly described in the National Research Council of the National Academies publication BIO 2010: Transforming Undergraduate Education for Future Research Biologists. Among BIO 2010's top recommendations is the need to involve students in working with real data and tools that reflect the nature of life sciences research in the 21st century. Education research studies support the importance of utilizing primary literature, designing and implementing experiments, and analyzing results in the context of a bona fide scientific question in cultivating the analytical skills necessary to become a scientist. Incorporating these basic scientific methodologies in undergraduate education leads to increased undergraduate and post-graduate retention in the sciences. Toward this end, many undergraduate teaching organizations offer training and suggestions for faculty to update and improve their teaching approaches to help students learn as scientists, through design and discovery (e.g., Council of Undergraduate Research [www.cur.org] and Project Kaleidoscope [www.pkal.org]). With the advent of genome sequencing and bioinformatics, many scientists now formulate biological questions and interpret research results in the context of genomic information. Just as the use of bioinformatic tools and databases changed the way scientists investigate problems, it must change how scientists teach to create new opportunities for students to gain experiences reflecting the influence of genomics, proteomics, and bioinformatics on modern life sciences research. Educators have responded by incorporating bioinformatics into diverse life science curricula. While these published exercises in, and guidelines for, bioinformatics curricula are helpful and inspirational, faculty new to the area of bioinformatics inevitably need training in the theoretical underpinnings of the algorithms. Moreover, effectively integrating bioinformatics into courses or independent research projects requires infrastructure for organizing and assessing student work. Here, we present a new platform for faculty to keep current with the rapidly changing field of bioinformatics, the Integrated Microbial Genomes Annotation Collaboration Toolkit (IMG-ACT). It was developed by instructors from both research-intensive and predominately undergraduate institutions in collaboration with the Department of Energy-Joint Genome Institute (DOE-JGI) as a means to innovate and update undergraduate education and faculty development. The IMG-ACT program provides a cadre of tools, including access to a clearinghouse of genome sequences, bioinformatics databases, data storage, instructor course management, and student notebooks for organizing the results of their bioinformatic investigations. In the process, IMG-ACT makes it feasible to provide undergraduate research opportunities to a greater number and diversity of students, in contrast to the traditional mentor-to-student apprenticeship model for undergraduate research, which can be too expensive and time-consuming to provide for every undergraduate. The IMG-ACT serves as the hub for the network of faculty and students that use the system for microbial genome analysis. Open access of the IMG-ACT infrastructure to participating schools ensures that all types of higher education institutions can utilize it. With the infrastructure in place, faculty can focus their efforts on the pedagogy of bioinformatics, involvement of students in research, and use of this tool for their own research agenda. What the original faculty members of the IMG-ACT development team present here is an overview of how the IMG-ACT program has affected our development in terms of teaching and research with the hopes that it will inspire more faculty to get involved.

Ditty, Jayna L.; Kvaal, Christopher A.; Goodner, Brad; Freyermuth, Sharyn K.; Bailey, Cheryl; Britton, Robert A.; Gordon, Stuart G.; Heinhorst, Sabine; Reed, Kelynne; Xu, Zhaohui; Sanders-Lorenz, Erin R.; Axen, Seth; Kim, Edwin; Johns, Mitrick; Scott, Kathleen; Kerfeld, Cheryl A.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Incorporating Rigorous Height Determination into Unified Fracture Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydraulic fracturing plays an important role in increasing production rate in tight reservoirs. The performance of the reservoir after fracturing can be observed from the productivity index. This parameter is dependent on the fracture geometry; height, length and width. Unified fracture design (UFD) offers a method to determine the fracture dimensions providing the maximum productivity index for a specific proppant amount. Then, in order to achieve the maximum productivity index, the treatment schedules including the amount of liquid and proppant used for each stage must be determined according to the fracture dimensions obtained from the UFD. The proppant number is necessary for determining the fracture geometry using the UFD. This number is used to find the maximum productivity index for a given proppant amount. Then, the dimensionless fracture conductivity index corresponding to the maximum productivity index can be computed. The penetration ration, the fracture length, and the propped fracture width can be computed from the dimensionless fracture conductivity. However, calculating the proppant number used in UFD requires the fracture height as an input. The most convenient way to estimate fracture height to input to the UFD is to assume that the fracture height is restricted by stress contrast between the pay zone and over and under-lying layers. In other words, the fracture height is assumed to be constant, independent of net pressure and equal to the thickness of the layer which has the least minimum principal stress. However, in reality, the fracture may grow out from the target formation and the height of fracture is dependent on the net pressure during the treatment. Therefore, it is necessary to couple determination of the fracture height with determination of the other fracture parameters. In this research, equilibrium height theory is applied to rigorously determine the height of fracture. Solving the problem iteratively, it is possible to incorporate the rigorous fracture height determination into the unified fracture design.

Pitakbunkate, Termpan

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Incorporating uncertainty into electric utility projections and decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on how electric utility companies can respond in their decision making to uncertain variables. Here we take a mean- variance type of approach. The mean'' value is an expected cost, on a discounted value basis. We assume that management has risk preferences incorporating a tradeoff between the mean and variance in the utility's net income. Decisions that utilities are faced with can be classified into two types: ex ante and ex post. The ex ante decisions need to be made prior to the uncertainty being revealed and the ex post decision can be postponed until after the uncertainty is revealed. Intuitively, we can say that the ex ante decisions provide a hedge against the uncertainties and the ex post decisions allow the negative outcomes of uncertain variables to be partially mitigated, dampening the losses. An example of an ex post decision is how the system is operated i.e., unit dispatch, and in some cases switching among types of fuels, say with different sulfur contents. For example, if gas prices go up, natural gas combined cycle units are likely to be dispatched at lower capacity factors. If SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices go up, a utility may seek to switch into a lower sulfur coal. Here we assume that regulated electric utilities do have some incentive to lower revenue requirements and hence an incentive to lower the electric rates needed for the utility to break even, thereby earning a fair return on invested capital. This paper presents the general approach first, including applications to capacity expansion and system dispatch. Then a case study is presented focusing on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments including SO{sub 2} emissions abatement and banking of allowances under uncertainty. It is concluded that the emission banking decisions should not be made in isolation but rather all the uncertainties in demand, fuel prices, technology performance etc., should be included in the uncertainty analysis affecting emission banking.

Hanson, D.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Incorporating uncertainty into electric utility projections and decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on how electric utility companies can respond in their decision making to uncertain variables. Here we take a mean- variance type of approach. The ``mean`` value is an expected cost, on a discounted value basis. We assume that management has risk preferences incorporating a tradeoff between the mean and variance in the utility`s net income. Decisions that utilities are faced with can be classified into two types: ex ante and ex post. The ex ante decisions need to be made prior to the uncertainty being revealed and the ex post decision can be postponed until after the uncertainty is revealed. Intuitively, we can say that the ex ante decisions provide a hedge against the uncertainties and the ex post decisions allow the negative outcomes of uncertain variables to be partially mitigated, dampening the losses. An example of an ex post decision is how the system is operated i.e., unit dispatch, and in some cases switching among types of fuels, say with different sulfur contents. For example, if gas prices go up, natural gas combined cycle units are likely to be dispatched at lower capacity factors. If SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices go up, a utility may seek to switch into a lower sulfur coal. Here we assume that regulated electric utilities do have some incentive to lower revenue requirements and hence an incentive to lower the electric rates needed for the utility to break even, thereby earning a fair return on invested capital. This paper presents the general approach first, including applications to capacity expansion and system dispatch. Then a case study is presented focusing on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments including SO{sub 2} emissions abatement and banking of allowances under uncertainty. It is concluded that the emission banking decisions should not be made in isolation but rather all the uncertainties in demand, fuel prices, technology performance etc., should be included in the uncertainty analysis affecting emission banking.

Hanson, D.A.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Consideration of Dynamical Effects on Parameterization of Clooud radiative Properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Consideration of Dynamical Effects on Consideration of Dynamical Effects on Parameterization of Cloud Radiative Properties P. H. Daum and Y. Liu Environmental Sciences Department Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York Introduction Effective radius (r e ) (defined as the ratio of the third to the second moment of a droplet size distribution) is one of the key variables that are used for calculation of the radiative properties of liquid water clouds (Hansen and Travis 1974). The inclusion and parameterization of r e in climate models has proven to be critical for assessing global climate change (Slingo 1990, Dandin et al. 1997). It has been demonstrated empirically (Pontikis and Hicks 1992, Bower and Choularton 1992, Bower et al. 1994, Martin et al. 1994, Liu and Hallett 1997, Reid et al. 1998, Liu and Daum 2000a), as well theoretically (Liu and

257

STATEMENT QF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

QF CONSIDERATIONS QF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S U.S. AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS IN INVENTIONS ARISING OUT OF THE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED UNDER CLAUSE H 28, JOINT RESEARCH PROJECTS, UNDER MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACT NO. W-31-109-ENG-38 BETWEEN THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AND THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, AS OPERATOR OF ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY; W(C)-02-001, CH-1098 The University of Chicago (University), a nonprofit educational organization, manages and operates the Government-owned facilities of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory (Laboratory) in Argonne, Illinois under Prime Contract W-31-109-ENG-38 (the Contract). Currently, the University has the right to retain title to inventions made in the performance

258

Environment, safety, and health considerations for a new accelerator facility  

SciTech Connect

A study of siting considerations for possible future accelerators at Fermilab is underway. Each candidate presents important challenges in environment, safety, and health (ES&H) that are reviewed generically in this paper. Some of these considerations are similar to those that have been encountered and solved during the construction and operation of other accelerator facilities. Others have not been encountered previously on the same scale. The novel issues will require particular attention coincident with project design efforts to assure their timely cost-effective resolution. It is concluded that with adequate planning, the issues can be addressed in a manner that merits the support of the Laboratory, the US Department of Energy (DOE), and the public.

J. Donald Cossairt [and others

2001-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

259

Design Considerations for Frequency Responsive Grid Friendly Appliances  

SciTech Connect

The paper addresses design considerations for frequency responsive Grid FriendlyTM appliances (FR-GFAs). Case studies have been done based on the frequency data collected in 2003 in Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) systems. An FR-GFA can turn on/off based on frequency signals and make selective low-frequency load shedding possible at appliance level. FR-GFAs can also be treated as an spinning reserve to maintain a load-to-generation balance under power system normal operation states. The triggering frequency and duration of the FR-GFA device with different frequency setting schemes are simulated. Design considerations of the FR-GFA are then discussed based on simulation results.

Lu, Ning; Hammerstrom, Donald J.

2006-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

260

Compressibility Consideration in the Boundary of a Strongly Collapsing Bubble  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Equations of radial motion of a gas bubble in a compressible viscous liquid have been modified to account for compressibility at the bubble boundary. It has been done by deriving a new bubble boundary equation. This equation has a new term due to liquid compressibility. The influence of this term in the bubble dynamics has been numerically investigated using isothermal-adiabatic model for the gas bubble evolution. The results clearly indicate that at the end of the collapse the new term has very significant role and its consideration dramatically changes the bubble characteristics. The effect of this term is more prominent for the more intense collapses, so that its consideration scales up the maximum values of gas pressure and gas temperature. We have also reasoned that the new bubble behavior will be established even when the effects of mass (water vapor) exchange, chemical reactions, and gas dynamics inside the bubble are taken into account in the model.

Moshaii, A; Taeibi-Rahni, M; Moshaii, Ahmad; Sadighi-Bonabi, Rasool; Taeibi-Rahni, Mohammad

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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261

DOE-HDBK-1132-99; DOE Handbook Design Considerations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

32-99 32-99 April 1999 DOE HANDBOOK DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS U.S. Department of Energy AREA EDCN Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000. DOE-HDBK-1132-99 TABLE OF CONTENTS PARAGRAPH PAGE iii ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix FOREWORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii PART I: DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

262

Technical considerations for evaluating substantially complete containment of high-level waste within the waste package  

SciTech Connect

This report deals with technical information that is considered essential for demonstrating the ability of the high-level radioactive waste package to provide substantially complete containment'' of its contents (vitrified waste form or spent light-water reactor fuel) for a period of 300 to 1000 years in a geological repository environment. The discussion is centered around technical considerations of the repository environment, materials and fabrication processes for the waste package components, various degradation modes of the materials of construction of the waste packages, and inspection and monitoring of the waste package during the preclosure and retrievability period, which could begin up to 50 years after initiation of waste emplacement. The emphasis in this report is on metallic materials. However, brief references have been made to other materials such as ceramics, graphite, bonded ceramic-metal systems, and other types of composites. The content of this report was presented to an external peer review panel of nine members at a workshop held at the Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses (CNWRA), Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, April 2--4, 1990. The recommendations of the peer review panel have been incorporated in this report. There are two companion reports; the second report in the series provides state-of-the-art techniques for uncertainty evaluations. 97 refs., 1 fig.

Manaktala, H.K. (Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (USA). Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses); Interrante, C.G. (Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (USA). Div. of High-Level Waste Management)

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

File:02SiteConsiderations (1).pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SiteConsiderations (1).pdf SiteConsiderations (1).pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:02SiteConsiderations (1).pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 41 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 14:24, 30 October 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 14:24, 30 October 2012 1,275 × 1,650 (41 KB) Dklein2012 (Talk | contribs) 15:50, 25 October 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 15:50, 25 October 2012 1,275 × 1,650 (41 KB) Dklein2012 (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information)

264

Considerations in implementing integrated biomass energy systems in developing countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this paper, we discuss the issues and barriers associated with implementing integrated biomass energy systems in developing countries. An integrated biomass energy system in dependent on sustainably grown and managed energy crops, is supportive of rural development, is environmentally beneficial (locally and globally), is adapted to local conditions, takes advantage of by- and co-products, and uses conversion technologies that have been optimized for biomass. A preliminary evaluation of a biomass to electricity project relying on plantation grown feedstocks in rural Yunnan Province in Southwest China provided some financial/economic results, general conclusions, and an initial framework for conducting such assessments. Our assessment indicates that social and environmental benefits are substantial and that investment in the facility is well-justified. However, there are so many considerations to take into account when assessing biomass energy systems that their evaluation is exceedingly complex. These considerations are grouped into biomass production, biomass logistics and transport, and biomass conversion. Implementing such systems requires another grouping of considerations into energy and economics, institutional and social issues, and environmental issues. These are further defined in an effort to establish a framework of evaluation and assessment for other such projects. The conclusions that such a project would be viable in rural China is shadowed by many site-specific circumstances and highlights the need for systematic and integrated appraisal.

Perlack, R.D.; Ranney, J.W.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Incorporating HVDC's into monitoring and power system analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis attempts to study the effect of incorporating HVDC's into monitoring and power system analysis. Power system analysis, including load flow and stability studies, and monitoring defines a complete cycle of the impact of HVDC in a power system network. Load flow calculates the bus voltage magnitude, phase angle, active and reactive power flows based on loads and generations that are already specified. In this regard, our work presents a better way of solving AC - DC load flow equations. In our work, the active and reactive power consumptions of the HVDC link are treated as a function of AC bus voltages and some specified DC parameters. It is then easier to combine the DC part with the AC system. Traditional methods in this regard may encounter convergence problems. We expect that the method used in our work does not encounter convergence problems and is easier to implement. Whereas load flow gives us the solution for bus voltage magnitudes and angles based on certain specified loads and generations, state estimation obtains an estimate of the bus voltage magnitudes and angles based on actual measurements. A state estimator also checks consistency of instrumentation data. In our work with the state estimation, we have presented a new method to design the measurement set of an AC - DC system and explained the choice of the state variables used. The state variables and the measurement set chosen are then used to estimate the state of an AC - DC system. To complete the cycle of the effects of inclusion of a HVDC line in an AC system, we study the impact of HVDC on power system stability in the case of a fault. It should be noted that the power flow through a HVDC link is highly controllable. Accordingly, we can expect the HVDC to improve system stability if it is controlled intelligently. However, if the control measure is not properly designed, HVDC can be detrimental to the system stability. A case has been studied where the HVDC tends to make the system unstable if the setting of the line is not changed during and after a fault. We then propose a control mechanism to strengthen the system stability. Two types of controllers, namely proportional control and proportional - integral control have been studied and compared. Also we have shown their effects on the system stability.

Krishnaswamy, Vikram

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Quantifying the system balancing cost when wind energy is incorporated into electricity generation system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Incorporation of wind energy into the electricity generation system requires a detailed analysis of wind speed in order to minimize system balancing cost and avoid (more)

Issaeva, Natalia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Design Considerations of Fast-cycling Synchrotrons Based on Superconducting Transmission Line Magnets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design Considerations of Fast-cycling Synchrotrons Based on Superconducting Transmission Line Magnets

Piekarz, H; Huang, Y; Shiltsev, V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Protecting biodiversity through legislation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) Should drilling for oil be allowed? #12;Wise use · Federal lands

Pennings, Steven C.

269

Energy dispersive spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation: intensity considerations  

SciTech Connect

Detailed considerations are given to the reliability of energy dependent integrated intensity data collected from the pressure cavity of a diamond-anvil pressure cell illuminated with heterochromatic radiation from a synchrotron storage ring. It is demonstrated that at least in one run, the electron beam current cannot be used to correct for energy-intensity variations of the incident beam. Rather there appears to be an additional linear relationship between the decay of the synchrotron beam and the magnitude of the background intensity. 13 refs., 7 figs.

Skelton, E.F.; Elam, W.T.; Qadri, S.B.; Webb, A.W.; Schiferl, D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Reliability, Availability and Maintainability Considerations for Gas Turbine Cogeneration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The success of a cogeneration system depends upon the system being available, i.e. operating and meeting its demands under expected environmental conditions. A high availability in turn, depends on both Reliability (indicating how often the system fails), and Maintainability (indicating how fast it can be returned to a satisfactory operating state). A low availability will adversely effect important economic criteria for the project such as Discounted Cash Flow and Payback. This paper provides a structure by which these important parameters can be addressed at the design evaluation stage. The paper discusses reliability methods and practical aspects such as installation and operation considerations, including air filtration, fuel conditioning and compressor washing.

Meher-Homji, C. B.; Focke, A. B.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Thermal processing system concepts and considerations for RWMC buried waste  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a preliminary determination of ex situ thermal processing system concepts and related processing considerations for application to remediation of transuranic (TRU)-contaminated buried wastes (TRUW) at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC) of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Beginning with top-level thermal treatment concepts and requirements identified in a previous Preliminary Systems Design Study (SDS), a more detailed consideration of the waste materials thermal processing problem is provided. Anticipated waste stream elements and problem characteristics are identified and considered. Final waste form performance criteria, requirements, and options are examined within the context of providing a high-integrity, low-leachability glass/ceramic, final waste form material. Thermal processing conditions required and capability of key systems components (equipment) to provide these material process conditions are considered. Information from closely related companion study reports on melter technology development needs assessment and INEL Iron-Enriched Basalt (IEB) research are considered. Five potentially practicable thermal process system design configuration concepts are defined and compared. A scenario for thermal processing of a mixed waste and soils stream with essentially no complex presorting and using a series process of incineration and high temperature melting is recommended. Recommendations for applied research and development necessary to further detail and demonstrate the final waste form, required thermal processes, and melter process equipment are provided.

Eddy, T.L.; Kong, P.C.; Raivo, B.D.; Anderson, G.L.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Decommissioning considerations at a time of nuclear renaissance  

SciTech Connect

At a time of renaissance in the nuclear power industry, when it is estimated that anywhere between 60 to 130 new power reactors may be built worldwide over the next 15 years, why should we focus on decommissioning? Yet it is precisely the time to examine what decommissioning considerations should be taken into account as the industry proceeds with developing final designs for new reactors and the construction on the new build begins. One of the lessons learned from decommissioning of existing reactors has been that decommissioning was not given much thought when these reactors were designed three or four decades ago. Even though decommissioning may be sixty years down the road from the time they go on line, eventually all reactors will be decommissioned. It is only prudent that new designs be optimized for eventual decommissioning, along with the other major considerations. The overall objective in this regard is that when the time comes for decommissioning, it can be completed in shorter time frames, with minimum generation of radioactive waste, and with better radiological safety. This will ensure that the tail end costs of the power reactors are manageable and that the public confidence in the nuclear power is sustained through the renaissance and beyond. (author)

Devgun, Jas S. [Nuclear Power Technologies, Sargent and Lundy LLC, 55 E. Monroe St, Chicago, IL 60603 (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY LINDE, INC FOR AN ADVAN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LINDE, INC FOR AN ADVAN LINDE, INC FOR AN ADVAN CE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE UNDER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT DE- FE0007453; W(A)-2012-016 ; CH-1658 Linde , Inc. (Linde) , requests an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made under the above cooperative agreement for work entitled, "Slipstream Pilot-Scale Demonstration of a ovel Amine-Based Post- Combustion Process Technology for C02 Capture from Coal-Fired Power Plant Flue Gas". Under this agreement, Linde , along with BASF, Santee Cooper, Southern Company, and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) , as well as Linde Engineering Dresden Gmbh will demonstrate the Linde-BASF post-combustion capture technology by incorporating BASF's novel-amine-based process in a 1 MW slipstream

274

Incorporating oligopoly, CO2 emissions trading and green certificates into a power generation expansion model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a generation expansion model for the power sector which incorporates several features that make it very interesting for application to current electricity markets: it considers the possible oligopolistic behavior of firms, and incorporates ... Keywords: Carbon emissions trading, Generation-expansion modeling, Green certificates, Oligopoly

Pedro Linares; Francisco Javier Santos; Mariano Ventosa; Luis Lapiedra

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Development of a dissolved carbon dioxide sensor with a HPTS-incorporated polymer membrane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study a dissolved carbon dioxide sensor is made by using the fluorescent dye, HPTS incorporated into a polymer matrix, polyHEMA-co-EGDA. The HPTS-incorporated polymer membrane soaking in sodium bicarbonate buffer solution is put into a well in ... Keywords: carbon dioxide, fermentation, fluorescence, polymer membrane, sensor

Ok-Jae Sohn; Jong Il Rhee

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Preliminary Notice of Violation, EG&G Incorporated - EA-97-10 | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EG&G Incorporated - EA-97-10 EG&G Incorporated - EA-97-10 Preliminary Notice of Violation, EG&G Incorporated - EA-97-10 October 21, 1997 Preliminary Notice of Violation issued to EG&G Incorporated, related to Bioassay and Internal Dosimetry Program Deficiencies at the Mound Plant, (EA-97-10) This letter refers to the Department of Energy's (DOE) evaluation of the facts and circumstances surrounding a number of potential programmatic deficiencies involving the administration of the Mound Plant's bioassay program and methodologies used for determining and assigning internal radiation doses to workers. Preliminary Notice of Violation, EG&G Incorporated - EA-97-10 More Documents & Publications Preliminary Notice of Violation, Babcock & Wilcox of Ohio, Inc - EA-98-12

277

Material Control and Accounting Design Considerations for High-Temperature Gas Reactors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subject of this report is domestic safeguards and security by design (2SBD) for high-temperature gas reactors, focusing on material control and accountability (MC&A). The motivation for the report is to provide 2SBD support to the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) project, which was launched by Congress in 2005. This introductory section will provide some background on the NGNP project and an overview of the 2SBD concept. The remaining chapters focus specifically on design aspects of the candidate high-temperature gas reactors (HTGRs) relevant to MC&A, Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) requirements, and proposed MC&A approaches for the two major HTGR reactor types: pebble bed and prismatic. Of the prismatic type, two candidates are under consideration: (1) GA's GT-MHR (Gas Turbine-Modular Helium Reactor), and (2) the Modular High-Temperature Reactor (M-HTR), a derivative of Areva's Antares reactor. The future of the pebble-bed modular reactor (PBMR) for NGNP is uncertain, as the PBMR consortium partners (Westinghouse, PBMR [Pty] and The Shaw Group) were unable to agree on the path forward for NGNP during 2010. However, during the technology assessment of the conceptual design phase (Phase 1) of the NGNP project, AREVA provided design information and technology assessment of their pebble bed fueled plant design called the HTR-Module concept. AREVA does not intend to pursue this design for NGNP, preferring instead a modular reactor based on the prismatic Antares concept. Since MC&A relevant design information is available for both pebble concepts, the pebble-bed HTGRs considered in this report are: (1) Westinghouse PBMR; and (2) AREVA HTR-Module. The DOE Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE) sponsors the Fuel Cycle Research and Development program (FCR&D), which contains an element specifically focused on the domestic (or state) aspects of SBD. This Material Protection, Control and Accountancy Technology (MPACT) program supports the present work summarized in this report, namely the development of guidance to support the consideration of MC&A in the design of both pebble-bed and prismatic-fueled HTGRs. The objective is to identify and incorporate design features into the facility design that will cost effectively aid in making MC&A more effective and efficient, with minimum impact on operations. The theft of nuclear material is addressed through both MC&A and physical protection, while the threat of sabotage is addressed principally through physical protection.

Trond Bjornard; John Hockert

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

W(A)93-013 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

13 13 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by AlliedSignal, Inc. for Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Patent Rights to inventions that may arise under Contract No. DE-FC04-93AL94462 between the United States Department of Energy (DOE) and AlliedSignal, Inc. DOE Docket: W(A)93-013 The Petitioner, AlliedSignal, Inc. (AlliedSignal), has requested a waiver of all domestic and foreign patent rights to inventions which it may conceive or reduce to practice in the course of work under Contract No. DE-FC04-93AL94462, a Cooperative Agreement with DOE. The project period is May 14, 1993 through May 13, 1996. The Cooperative Agreement covers work in designing a biological/chemical production process for caprolactam using microbial bioprocesses that convert cyclohexane to

279

W(A)93-039 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

39 39 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. for Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Patent Rights to inventions that may arise under Contract No. DE-FC04-93AL94461 between the United States Department of Energy (DOE) and Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. DOE Docket: W(A)93-039. The Petitioner, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., (Air Products) has requested a waiver of all domestic and foreign patent rights to inventions which it may conceive or reduce to practice in the course of work under Contract No. DE-FC04-93AL94461 a Cooperative Agreement with DOE. The contract covers a four phase development program for a recently patented technology developed at Air Products entitled "Novel Selective Surface Flow (SSF T ) Membranes for the

280

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY EASTMAN CHEMICAL COMPANY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 9 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY EASTMAN CHEMICAL COMPANY FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC22-95PC93052 W(A)-95-0046, CH 0881. The Petitioner, Eastman Chemical Company (Eastman) was awarded asubcontract under the above referenced cooperative agreement with Air Products and (hemicals, Inc. (Air Products) to demonstrate in the LaPorte, Texas Alternative Fuels Development Unit (AFDU), new technologies for the synthesis of value-added syngas-derived products from non-traditional feedstocks. The project is to demonstrate the hmad applicability of slurry-phased telhology by using syngas. Air Products has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign rights for all subject inventions created by their employees under this agreement. Eastman is now seeking a waiver of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by General Electric Corporate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by General Electric Corporate Research and Development (GE-CRD) for an Advance Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Invention Rights under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-AC26-01NT41188 W(A)-01-038, CH-1082 The Petitioner, General Electric Corporate Research and Development (GE-CRD) was awarded this cost plus fixed fee contract for the performance of work entitled, "GE/Nomadics In- Well Monitoring System for Vertical Profiling of DNAPL Contaminants." The purpose of the contract is the development and validation of an in-well monitoring system to characterize vapor- and dissolved-phase dense nonaqueous phase liquids (DNAPL), such as carbon tetrachloride and trichloroethylene (TCE), in the groundwater and vadose zones. As described in the Statement of

282

SCIENTIFIC POTENTIAL AND DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS FOK AN UNDULATOR BEAM LINE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

POTENTIAL AND POTENTIAL AND DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS FOK AN UNDULATOR BEAM LINE ON ALADDIN STORAGE RING A. J. Arko, S. D. Bader, J. L. Dehmer~ S. H. Kim, G. S. Knap~, G. K. Shenoy B. W. Veal and C. E. Young Argonne National Laboratory F. C. Brown University of Illinois J. W. Weaver University of Minnesota LS -21 April 8 ~ 1~8~ 1. Introducti on The unique features of undulator radiation, i.e., high photon nux and brightness, partial coherence, small b~am divergence, spectral tunabi1ity, etc., mandate that undulators be included in the future plans for Aladdin. Tnis will make it possible to perfonn the -next generation of experiments in photon-stimulated spectroscopies. A tealn of scientists (see Appendix) has now been assembled to build an insertion device (ID) and the associated beam line

283

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by Amoco Productinn Company  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-10' 9GIWED) 13:55 DOE- -CHICAGO -10' 9GIWED) 13:55 DOE- -CHICAGO TEL:I 708 ) 2779 P. 002 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by Amoco Productinn Company for an Advance Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Invention Rights under Cooperative Agreement No. DT)-A(:').-94P(.-94064 W(A)-95-025, CH-0869 Amoco Production Co. (Amoco) has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign nghts for all subijct inventions under this agreement, subject to the patent rights provisions of the agreeicum.t (allatthd). The subject cooperative agreement is directed toward research and developmuent leading Lt the development of catalyst and process technology for evaluations as potential routcs for the production of high volume fuel oxygenates. Success would generate novel routes to prioduce uxycgnatcs to satisfy the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 that

284

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY MOTOROLA MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS FOR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

19 '96 12:04PM DOE/SF LEGAL OFFICE P.2 19 '96 12:04PM DOE/SF LEGAL OFFICE P.2 * * STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY MOTOROLA MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER LBNL SUBCONTRACT NO. 6443828: DOE WAIVER NO. W(A)-96-027; SAN-670 The Petitioner, Motorola Manufacturing Systems (MMS), has requested an Advance Waiver of the Government's domestic and foreign rights to inventions made under the above cited research and development contract (R&D Contract). The objective of the R&D Contract, which is issued by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) on behalf of DOE's Office of Health and Environmental Research (ER-70), is to provide consulting services to support planning activities toward the eventual creation of a next generation DNA sequencing facility. More

285

ST ATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Nanoscale Science Research Center  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ST ST ATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Nanoscale Science Research Center Class Waiver, W(C)-200S-001 The 21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act, 15 U.S.c. §7501 et seq., (the "Nanotechnology Act"), signed into lawon December 3,2003, codifies programs and activities supported by the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) and provides for the establishment of a network of advanced technology user facilities and centers. An "advanced technology user facility" is defined as "a nanotechnology research development facility supported, in whole or in part, by Federal funds that is open to all United States researchers on a competitive, merit- reviewed basis." 15 U.S.c. § 7509(5). DOE has established five user facilities under the Nanotechnology Act, known as Nanoscale Science Research Centers (NSRCs), which are funded by the

286

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY MOTOROLA MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS FOR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

17 '97 12:42PM US DOE OAK LEGAL P.2/12 17 '97 12:42PM US DOE OAK LEGAL P.2/12 ( * STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY MOTOROLA MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER LBNL SUBCONTRACT NO. 6443828-CHANGE ORDER NO. 1; DOE WAIVER NO. W(A)-97-006; SAN-671 The Petitioner, Motorola Manufacturing Systems (MMS), has requested an Advance Waiver of the Government's domestic and foreign rights to inventions made under the above cited Change Order (Contract Modification) to research and development Contract No. 6443828 (R&D Contract). An Advance Waiver W(C)-97-027; SAN- 670 has been granted for the underlying R&D Contract on December 30, 1996. However, that-Advance Waiver was not to be applied "to a modification or extension of the contract where, through such modification or extension, the

287

SW(A)93-006 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SW(A)93-006 SW(A)93-006 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by Cummins Power Generation, Inc. for an Advance Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Patent Rights to Inventions made under the Dish/Stirling Joint Venture Program between Sandia National Laboratories and Cummins Power Generation, Inc. in response to Contract No. 69-7763, DOE Docket No. W(A)93-006. The Petitioner, Cummins Power Generation (CPG), Inc., has requested a waiver of all domestic and foreign patent rights to inventions which it may conceive or first actually reduce to practice in the course of work under the Dish/Stirling Joint Venture Program between Petitioner and Sandia National Laboratories Contract No. 69-7763. Sandia National Laboratories is operated by Sandia Corporation for the U.S. Department of

288

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS ADVANCE WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MRY. 7.2001 11:43lM DOE/OAK/IPLD NO.071 P.2 MRY. 7.2001 11:43lM DOE/OAK/IPLD NO.071 P.2 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS ADVANCE WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER SUBCONTRACTS ISSUED BY LLNL FOR THE COHERENT COMMUNICATIONS, IMAGING AND TARGETING (CCIT) PROGRAM; DOE WAIVER NO. W(C)-01-001; SAN 678 The U.S. Department of Defense (DARPA) is developing a Coherent Communications, Imaging and Targeting (CCIT) system. The first stage of the project is to develop the best technology of spatial light modulator components. DARPA will be funding Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to head a consortium to develop this technology. The members of the .consortium will receive their funding from LLNL via subcontracts, The CCIT Program The purpose of the CCIT Program is to develop and demonstrate innovative concepts for

289

W(A)94-022 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4-022 4-022 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by Cummins Power Generation, Inc., for an Advance Waiver of Domestic and Foreign Patent Rights to Inventions made under a contract entitled "Utility Scale Joint Venture Project," between Cummins Power Generation, Inc. and Sandia National Laboratories (Contract No. AB- 8717B) under Management and Operations Contract DE-AL04-84AL85000, DOE Docket No. W(A)94-022. The petitioner, Cummins Power Generation, Inc., (CPG) has requested a waiver of all domestic and foreign patent rights to inventions which it may conceive or first actually reduce to practice in the course of work under the Utility Scale Joint Venture Project between Petitioner and Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) under contract No. AB- 8717B. Sandia is operated by Sandia Corporation for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).

290

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SIEMENS WESTINGHOUSE POWER CORPORATION (SWPC)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

S* * S* * STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SIEMENS WESTINGHOUSE POWER CORPORATION (SWPC) FOR AN ADVANCED WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER CONTRACT NO. DE-FC02-00CH11048, CH-1053, W(A)-01-006 The Petitioner, Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (SWPC), has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions under DOE Contract No. DE-FC02-00CH11048, "Research and Development for Advanced Materials in Advanced Industrial Gas Turbines". In order to avoid fragmenting the technology, and thus adversely affect its assimilation and commercial development, as well as to enable SWPC to meet its cost sharing commitment, SWPC has requested that the waiver extend to both its own employees and those of its subcontractors, except subcontractors eligible to retain title to inventions

291

W(C)94-004 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

94-004 94-004 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Request by the New Mexico State University for a Class Waiver to Large Businesses of Domestic and Foreign Patent Rights to Inventions Made by Said Businesses under Contract DE-FC04-90AL63805 between the University and the U.S. Department of Energy. Docket No.: W(C)94-004. The New Mexico State University (NMSU) has requested, on behalf of large business subcontractors, a class waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights to inventions that may be made by these subcontractors under future funding agreements or other arrangements at any tier that will be entered into in the course of performing the work required by the above identified contract. Contract DE-FC04-90AL63805 was entered into by the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE)

292

H-.0/2 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CHEVRONTEXACO  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2005 10:35 FR IPL DOE CH 2 2005 10:35 FR IPL DOE CH 630 252 2779 TO AGCP-HQ H-.0/2 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CHEVRONTEXACO TECHNOLOGY VENTURES FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE UNDER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT DE-FC26-04NT42222; W(A)-04-076 ; CH-1255 As set out in the attached waiver petition and in subsequent discussions with DOE Patent Counsel, ChevronTexaco Technology Ventures (CTTV) has requested an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made under the above subject cooperative agreement. The waiver will apply to inventions made by CTTV employees and its subcontractors' employees, regardless of tier, except inventions made by subcontractors eligible to retain title to inventions pursuant to P.L. 96-517, as amended, and National

293

Direct methanol/air fuel cells: Systems considerations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Successful operation of a direct methanol/air fuel cell system depends upon appropriate integration of the fuel cell components and accommodation of the need for heat and mass transfer within the system. The features of the system that must be considered separately and in an interactive fashion are: (1) the physical state of the fuel feed stream, (2) electrode characteristics, (3) characteristics of the electrolyte, (4) product water removal, (5) heat transfer into our out of the stack, and (6) methanol loss modes. The operating temperature and pressure will be determined, to a large extent, by these features. An understanding of the component features and their interactions is necessary for initial system considerations for direct methanol/air fuel cells.

Huff, J.R.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Carbon Taxes: A Review of Experience and Policy Design Considerations  

SciTech Connect

State and local governments in the United States are evaluating a wide range of policies to reduce carbon emissions, including, in some instances, carbon taxes, which have existed internationally for nearly 20 years. This report reviews existing carbon tax policies both internationally and in the United States. It also analyzes carbon policy design and effectiveness. Design considerations include which sectors to tax, where to set the tax rate, how to use tax revenues, what the impact will be on consumers, and how to ensure emissions reduction goals are achieved. Emission reductions that are due to carbon taxes can be difficult to measure, though some jurisdictions have quantified reductions in overall emissions and other jurisdictions have examined impacts that are due to programs funded by carbon tax revenues.

Sumner, J.; Bird, L.; Smith, H.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Design Considerations for High Step-Down ratio Buck Regulators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The buck or step-down DC-DC converter is the workhorse switching power supply topology. It utilizes two switches (two FETS or one FET and one diode) along with an output inductor and output capacitor. Whether you look at a large computer server, a personal desktop or a laptop computer, a cell phone or a GPS unit all will contain a buck converter in one form or another. This paper will discuss the synchronous buck topology, design considerations, component selection followed by a small signal model of buck converter. Issues that are important in optimizing the efficiency of the design for example MOSFET selection, the impact that the MOSFET driver plays in improving the efficiency will be examined. The paper will finish by contrasting various control architectures.

Khanna, R

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Voltage holding considerations for direct-collection units  

SciTech Connect

Results have been obtained from initial experiments designed to study high-voltage breakdown under conditions of importance to the design of direct- collection units. A coaxial configuration was used to mock-up critical fields near grid wires. With appropriate heat conditioning, fields as high as 9.6 x 10/ sup 5/ V/cm were maintained at the surface of a 7-mil-diam tungsten wire. This represents an enhanced field of ~10/sup 8/V/cm at whisker'' sites. Breakdown criteria are proposed for three regimes; initial, field-emission, and ultimate, which differ by the amount of prior conditioning applied to the wire. Additional considerations of importance to direct collectors such as the effect of thermionic emission and ion bombardment are discussed. (auth)

Miley, G.H.

1973-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Hydrogen Storage in Wind Turbine Towers: Design Considerations; Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The paramount considerations associated with a hydrogen tower are corrosion (in the form of hydrogen embrittlement) and structural failure (through bursting or fatigue life degradation). Although hydrogen embrittlement (HE) requires more research and experimentation, it does not appear to prohibit the use of turbine towers for hydrogen storage. Furthermore, the structural modifications required to store hydrogen in a tower are technically feasible. We discovered that hydrogen towers have a''crossover pressure'' at which their critical mode of failure crosses over from fatigue to bursting. The crossover pressure for many turbine towers is between 10 and 15 atm. The cost of hydrogen storage per unit of storage capacity is lowest near the crossover pressure. Above the crossover pressure, however, storage costs rise quickly.

Kottenstette, R.; Cotrell, J.

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

A ~60 Myr periodicity is common to marine-87Sr/86Sr, fossil biodiversity, and large-scale sedimentation: what does the periodicity reflect?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We find that the marine 87Sr/86Sr record shows a significant periodicity of 59.3 \\pm 3 Myr. The 87Sr/86Sr record is 171{\\deg} \\pm 12{\\deg}out of phase with a 62 (\\pm 3) Myr periodicity previously reported in the record of marine-animal diversity. These periodicities are close to 58 (\\pm 4) Myr cycles found for the number of gap-bounded sedimentary carbonate packages of North America We propose that these periodicities reflect the operation of a periodic "pulse of the Earth" in large-scale, Earth processes. These may be linked to mantle or plate-tectonic events, possibly uplift, which affects Earth's climate and oceans, and so the geochemistry, sedimentation, and biodiversity of the marine realm. Alternately, they may be linked to oscillation of the solar system normal to the plane of the galaxy.

Melott, Adrian L; Petersen, K D; McArthur, John M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Assessing Natural Isothiocyanate Air Emissions after Field Incorporation of Mustard Cover Crop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional air assessment was performed to characterize volatile natural isothiocyanate (NITC) compounds in air during soil incorporation of mustard cover crops in Washington State. Field air sampling and analytical methods were developed specific to three NITCs known to be present in air at appreciable concentrations during/after field incorporation. The maximum observed concentrations in air for the allyl, benzyl, and phenethyl isothiocyanates were respectively 188, 6.1, and 0.7 lg m-3 during mustard incorporation. Based on limited inhalation toxicity information, airborne NITC concentrations did not appear to pose an acute human inhalation exposure concern to field operators and bystanders.

Trott, Donna M.; LePage, Jane; Hebert, Vincent

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Energy Storage System Considerations for Grid-Charged Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Provides an overview of a study regarding energy storage system considerations for a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle.

Markel, T.; Simpson, A.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Physics considerations for laser-plasma linear colliders  

SciTech Connect

Physics considerations for a next-generation linear collider based on laser-plasma accelerators are discussed. The ultra-high accelerating gradient of a laser-plasma accelerator and short laser coupling distance between accelerator stages allows for a compact linac. Two regimes of laser-plasma acceleration are discussed. The highly nonlinear regime has the advantages of higher accelerating fields and uniform focusing forces, whereas the quasi-linear regime has the advantage of symmetric accelerating properties for electrons and positrons. Scaling of various accelerator and collider parameters with respect to plasma density and laser wavelength are derived. Reduction of beamstrahlung effects implies the use of ultra-short bunches of moderate charge. The total linac length scales inversely with the square root of the plasma density, whereas the total power scales proportional to the square root of the density. A 1 TeV center-of-mass collider based on stages using a plasma density of 10{sup 17} cm{sup -3} requires tens of J of laser energy per stage (using 1 {micro}m wavelength lasers) with tens of kHz repetition rate. Coulomb scattering and synchrotron radiation are examined and found not to significantly degrade beam quality. A photon collider based on laser-plasma accelerated beams is also considered. The requirements for the scattering laser energy are comparable to those of a single laser-plasma accelerator stage.

Schroeder, Carl; Esarey, Eric; Geddes, Cameron; Benedetti, Carlo; Leemans, Wim

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

302

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAREX CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 '94 15:59 PROM DOE-IPLD-CH!CnGO aRGCP-HQ PRGE.002 4 '94 15:59 PROM DOE-IPLD-CH!CnGO aRGCP-HQ PRGE.002 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAREX CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF U.S. AND FOREIGN RIGHTS UNDER SUBCONTRACT NO. ZAI-4-11294-01 UNDER DOE PRIME CONTRACT NO. DE-AC02-83CH10093, WAIVER NO. W(A)-93-030, CH0789. The attached petition by Solarex Corporation (hereafter Solarex) is for an advance waiver of patent rights under Subcontract No. ZAI-4-11294-01, under DOE Contract No. DE-AC02-83CH10093. Solarex requests that the Department of Energy grant an advance waiver for the domestic and foreign rights to inventions for use in photovoltaics and made in the performance of work under the above identified subcontract and that these rights vest in Solarex subject to the standard Advance Waiver Patent Rights Clause with the enclosed U.S. Competitiveness paragraph as

303

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY OSRAM OPTO SEMICONDUCTORS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 14:37 FR IPL DOE CH 630 252 2779 TO RGCP-HQ P.02/04 5 14:37 FR IPL DOE CH 630 252 2779 TO RGCP-HQ P.02/04 * * STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY OSRAM OPTO SEMICONDUCTORS FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO. DE-FC26-05NT42341, SUBCONTRACT QZ001; W(A)-05-017, CH-1280 The Petitioner, OSRAM Opto Semiconductor (Osram) was awarded a subcontract under this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Scaling Up KiloLumen Solid- State Lighting Exceeding 100 LPW via Remote Phosphor." The cooperative agreement was awarded to Light Prescriptions Innovators, LLC (LPI). The purpose of the cooperative agreement is to develop a new white light emitting diode (LED) light source that emits 1000 lumens with an efficacy exceeding 100 lumens per watt (LPW). The new white LED light source will use multiple

304

Modular 5 MW geothermal power plant design considerations and guidelines  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The design considerations and guideline documents given define the principal design requirements for a nominal 5 MW geothermal power plant of a type to permit over-the-road transport of its several modules. The power plant system defined is supplied with steam from a single flash steam separator stage, located at the plant area, and supplied with steam from two wells at nominal pressure of 3.8 Kg/cm/sup 2/ Abs (54 psia). In some cases where the content of noxious noncondensable gases is high, a shell and tube condenser would be substituted for the direct contact type condenser specified and an additional module containing an H/sub 2/S removal system would be added. Guidelines are given for the following: site preparation, collection system, plant installation, assembly, and test; turbine generator module; condenser and noncondensable gas removal module; plant control and switchgear module; cooling water circulation pump module; steam-water separator module; maintenance, office, and lavatory module; reinjection pump module; cooling tower modules; spray pond installation and piping; and auxiliary generator module. (MHR)

Not Available

1976-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Standard guide for general design considerations for hot cell equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 Intent: 1.1.1 The intent of this guide is to provide general design and operating considerations for the safe and dependable operation of remotely operated hot cell equipment. Hot cell equipment is hardware used to handle, process, or analyze nuclear or radioactive material in a shielded room. The equipment is placed behind radiation shield walls and cannot be directly accessed by the operators or by maintenance personnel because of the radiation exposure hazards. Therefore, the equipment is operated remotely, either with or without the aid of viewing. 1.1.2 This guide may apply to equipment in other radioactive remotely operated facilities such as suited entry repair areas, canyons or caves, but does not apply to equipment used in commercial power reactors. 1.1.3 This guide does not apply to equipment used in gloveboxes. 1.2 Applicability: 1.2.1 This guide is intended for persons who are tasked with the planning, design, procurement, fabrication, installation, or testing of equipment used in rem...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Considerations for Planting Corn into Damaged Fields of Wheat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many folks are still assessing the condition of wheat fields damaged by the low temperatures of the past week. In some situations, additional damage to wheat has occurred from standing water in fields due to frequent rains this winter and spring. Some growers may decide replanting damaged wheat fields to corn is a viable economic option. Some of the key considerations for doing so are described in this article. Killing the Remaining Stand of Wheat For damaged wheat fields that will be planted to corn, complete and timely control of the existing wheat is more important than if planting to soybean. Corn is more sensitive to early-season weed competition than soybean. Living wheat plants are essentially weeds and can absorb nitrogen and make it unavailable for the corn plants during the same growing season. Use of a glyphosate-based burndown program should include the use of glyphosate at 1.5 lb ae/A + 2.4-D at 1-2 pts/A. The herbicide 2,4-D is needed to control glyphosateresistant marestail which is very prevalent in southern Indiana and help with control of emerged common lambsquarter and ragweed. Apply in a spray volume of 10 to 15 GPA

Bill Johnson; Tony Vyn; Jim Camberato; Christian Krupke; Rl (bob Nielsen; Depts Of Botany; Plant Pathology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Model choice considerations and information integration using analytical hierarchy process  

SciTech Connect

Using the theory of information-gap for decision-making under severe uncertainty, it has been shown that model output compared to experimental data contains irrevocable trade-offs between fidelity-to-data, robustness-to-uncertainty and confidence-in-prediction. We illustrate a strategy for information integration by gathering and aggregating all available data, knowledge, theory, experience, similar applications. Such integration of information becomes important when the physics is difficult to model, when observational data are sparse or difficult to measure, or both. To aggregate the available information, we take an inference perspective. Models are not rejected, nor wasted, but can be integrated into a final result. We show an example of information integration using Saaty's Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), integrating theory, simulation output and experimental data. We used expert elicitation to determine weights for two models and two experimental data sets, by forming pair-wise comparisons between model output and experimental data. In this way we transform epistemic and/or statistical strength from one field of study into another branch of physical application. The price to pay for utilizing all available knowledge is that inferences drawn for the integrated information must be accounted for and the costs can be considerable. Focusing on inferences and inference uncertainty (IU) is one way to understand complex information.

Langenbrunner, James R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hemez, Francois M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Booker, Jane M [BOOKER SCIENTIFIC; Ross, Timothy J. [UNM

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

Methanol reformers for fuel cell powered vehicles: Some design considerations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fuel cells are being developed for use in automotive propulsion systems as alternatives for the internal combustion engine in buses, vans, passenger cars. The two most important operational requirements for a stand-alone fuel cell power system for a vehicle are the ability to start up quickly and the ability to supply the necessary power on demand for the dynamically fluctuating load. Methanol is a likely fuel for use in fuel cells for transportation applications. It is a commodity chemical that is manufactured from coal, natural gas, and other feedstocks. For use in a fuel cell, however, the methanol must first be converted (reformed) to a hydrogen-rich gas mixture. The desired features for a methanol reformer include rapid start-up, good dynamic response, high fuel conversion, small size and weight, simple construction and operation, and low cost. In this paper the present the design considerations that are important for developing such a reformer, namely: (1) a small catalyst bed for quick starting, small size, and low weight; (2) multiple catalysts for optimum operation of the dissociation and reforming reactions; (3) reforming by direct heat transfer partial oxidation for rapid response to fluctuating loads; and (4) thermal independence from the rest of the fuel cell system. 10 refs., 1 fig.

Kumar, R.; Ahmed, S.; Krumpelt, M.; Myles, K.M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Design Considerations for Large Mass Ultra-Low Background Experiments  

SciTech Connect

Summary The objective of this document is to present the designers of the next generation of large-mass, ultra-low background experiments with lessons learned and design strategies from previous experimental work. Design issues divided by topic into mechanical, thermal and electrical requirements are addressed. Large mass low-background experiments have been recognized by the scientific community as appropriate tools to aid in the refinement of the standard model. The design of these experiments is very costly and a rigorous engineering review is required for their success. The extreme conditions that the components of the experiment must withstand (heavy shielding, vacuum/pressure and temperature gradients), in combination with unprecedented noise levels, necessitate engineering guidance to support quality construction and safe operating conditions. Physical properties and analytical results of typical construction materials are presented. Design considerations for achieving ultra-low-noise data acquisition systems are addressed. Five large-mass, low-background conceptual designs for the one-tonne scale germanium experiment are proposed and analyzed. The result is a series of recommendations for future experiments engineering and for the Majorana simulation task group to evaluate the different design approaches.

Aguayo Navarrete, Estanislao; Reid, Douglas J.; Fast, James E.; Orrell, John L.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION RESEARCH  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 16:45 FR IPL DOE CH 630 252 2779 TO FlGCP-HQ P.02/04 4 16:45 FR IPL DOE CH 630 252 2779 TO FlGCP-HQ P.02/04 Jg * STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION RESEARCH FOUNDATION (AWWARF) FOR AN ADVANCED WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS TO SUBCONTRACTORS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FG02-03ER63619; W(A)-04-023; CH-1192 As set out in the attached waiver petition and in subsequent discussions with DOE Patent Counsel, the American Water Works Association Research Foundation (AWWARF) a domestic non-profit organization, has requested an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made under the above-identified and follow-on successor cooperative agreements by its subcontractors' employees, regardless of tier, except for inventions made by subcontractors eligible to retain title to inventions pursuant to P.L. 96-517,

311

Design considerations for solar energy harvesting wireless embedded systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Sustainable operation of battery powered wireless embedded systems (such as sensor nodes) is a key challenge, and considerable research effort has been devoted to energy optimization of such systems. Environmental energy harvesting, in particular solar based, has emerged as a viable technique to supplement battery supplies. However, designing an efficient solar harvesting system to realize the potential benefits of energy harvesting requires an in-depth understanding of several factors. For example, solar energy supply is highly time varying and may not always be sufficient to power the embedded system. Harvesting components, such as solar panels, and energy storage elements, such as batteries or ultracapacitors, have different voltage-current characteristics, which must be matched to each other as well as the energy requirements of the system to maximize harvesting efficiency. Further, battery nonidealities, such as self-discharge and round trip efficiency, directly affect energy usage and storage decisions. The ability of the system to modulate its power consumption by selectively deactivating its sub-components also impacts the overall power management architecture. This paper describes key issues and tradeoffs which arise in the design of a solar energy harvesting, wireless embedded system and presents the design, implementation, and performance evaluation of Heliomote, our prototype that addresses several of these issues. Experimental results demonstrate that Heliomote, which behaves as a plug-in to the Berkeley/Crossbow motes and autonomously manages energy harvesting and storage, enables near-perpetual, harvesting aware operation of the sensor node. I.

Vijay Raghunathan; Aman Kansal; Jason Hsu; Jonathan Friedman; Mani Srivastava

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Modifying a Mesoscale Meteorological Model to Better Incorporate Urban Heat Storage: A Bulk-Parameterization Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple bulk-parameterization scheme is implemented in modifying a mesoscale meteorological model to better incorporate urban heat storage. The objective is to improve the quantification of the fluxes associated with heat storage change and to ...

Haider Taha

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Preliminary Notice of Violation, Fluor Hanford, Incorporated - EA-2002-03 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hanford, Incorporated - Hanford, Incorporated - EA-2002-03 Preliminary Notice of Violation, Fluor Hanford, Incorporated - EA-2002-03 August 12, 2002 Preliminary Notice of Violation issued to Fluor Hanford, Incorporated, related to Quality Assurance issues at the Hanford Site. This letter refers to the Department of Energy's (DOE) investigation of the facts and circumstances concerning quality assurance issues affecting nuclear safety surrounding the discrepant nondestructive assay (NDA) data provided to Bechtel Hanford, Inc., in support of their decontamination and dismantlement activities at Building [ ]. The DOE Office of Price-Anderson Enforcement initiated an investigation of this event in July 2001. A formal request for relevant documentation was made and a full review of the documentation was conducted. In addition,

314

Source Characterization with a Genetic AlgorithmCoupled DispersionBackward Model Incorporating SCIPUFF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper extends the approach of coupling a forward-looking dispersion model with a backward model using a genetic algorithm (GA) by incorporating a more sophisticated dispersion model [the Second-Order Closure Integrated Puff (SCIPUFF) model] ...

Christopher T. Allen; Sue Ellen Haupt; George S. Young

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Guidance on Incorporating EPA's Pollution Prevention Strategy into the Environmental Review Process  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The guidance discusses the Environmental Protection Agency's definition of pollution prevention; how to incorporate pollution prevention into the EPA environmental review process and interagency liaison function; and federal pollution prevention awards programs.

316

Incorporation of CO2 Exchange Processes into a Multilayer AtmosphereSoilVegetation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide (CO2) exchange processes were incorporated into a multilayer atmospheresoilvegetation model known as SOLVEG, and its performance was examined using measurements obtained from a grassland site. It was also applied for the CO2 ...

Haruyasu Nagai

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Shale oil recovery systems incorporating ore beneficiation : final report, October 1982  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study analyzed the recovery of oil from oil shale by use of proposed systems which incorporate beneficiation of the shale ore (that is, concentration of the kerogen) before the oil-recovery step. The objective was to ...

Weiss, M. A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Incorporating endogenous demand dynamics into long-term capacity expansion power system models for Developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research develops a novel approach to long-term power system capacity expansion planning for developing countries by incorporating endogenous demand dynamics resulting from social processes of technology adoption. ...

Jordan, Rhonda LeNai

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Incorporation of scattered radiation into dual?energy radiologic theory and application to mammography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A previous analysis of dual?energy imaging is extended to incorporate scattered radiation. The analysis is general and can include polyenergetic beams and nonideal detectors. In the dual?material basis plane

Paul C. Johns

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Incorporation of a Cloud Simulation into a Flight Mission Rehearsal System: Prototype Demonstration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One environmental parameter that has a large impact on aircraft missions for the U.S. military is clouds. This article describes an initial attempt to incorporate physically consistent clouds into a flight mission rehearsal system. A cloud model ...

Louis Hembree; Sam Brand; William C. Mayse; Maureen Cianciolo; Brian Soderberg

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Incorporation of plug in hybrid electric vehicle in the reactive power market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper incorporates plug in hybrid electric vehicle(PHEV) in the reactive power market. The PHEV capability curve is first extracted considering the operation limit of PHEV. In order to offer price in the reactive power market

H. Feshki Farahani; H. A. Shayanfar; M. S. Ghazizadeh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

VEE-0092 - In the Matter of Cargill, Incorporated. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 - In the Matter of Cargill, Incorporated. 2 - In the Matter of Cargill, Incorporated. VEE-0092 - In the Matter of Cargill, Incorporated. This Decision decides the merits of five Applications for Exception filed with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under the provisions of 10 C.F.R. § 1003.20. See infra Appendix. These Applications concern annual revenues and sales data pertaining to each firm's sale of electricity that the DOE Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects through Form EIA-861, "Annual Electric Power Industry Report." EIA publishes this data, by state, in firm-specific form. The present exception request seeks to have the Applicants' data withheld as confidential. In their Applications for Exception, the Applicants incorporated an Application for Stay to prevent release of some of the

323

Incorporation of sulfur, chlorine, and carbon into electroplated Cu thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The microstructure of electroplated Cu thin films and the contamination with incorporated additives were investigated in dependence on the galvanostatic deposition parameters and thermal treatment. Sulfur, chlorine, and carbon were analysed as impurities ... Keywords: 61.72.Ss, 66.30.Jt, 68.35.Dv, 68.43.Mn, 81.15.Pq, 82.45.Vp, 85.40.Ls, Additive incorporation, Additive surface adsorption, Copper, Electrochemical deposition, Impurities

M. Stangl; J. Acker; S. Oswald; M. Uhlemann; T. Gemming; S. Baunack; K. Wetzig

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Wind Energy Management System EMS Integration Project: Incorporating Wind Generation and Load Forecast Uncertainties into Power Grid Operations  

SciTech Connect

The power system balancing process, which includes the scheduling, real time dispatch (load following) and regulation processes, is traditionally based on deterministic models. Since the conventional generation needs time to be committed and dispatched to a desired megawatt level, the scheduling and load following processes use load and wind and solar power production forecasts to achieve future balance between the conventional generation and energy storage on the one side, and system load, intermittent resources (such as wind and solar generation), and scheduled interchange on the other side. Although in real life the forecasting procedures imply some uncertainty around the load and wind/solar forecasts (caused by forecast errors), only their mean values are actually used in the generation dispatch and commitment procedures. Since the actual load and intermittent generation can deviate from their forecasts, it becomes increasingly unclear (especially, with the increasing penetration of renewable resources) whether the system would be actually able to meet the conventional generation requirements within the look-ahead horizon, what the additional balancing efforts would be needed as we get closer to the real time, and what additional costs would be incurred by those needs. To improve the system control performance characteristics, maintain system reliability, and minimize expenses related to the system balancing functions, it becomes necessary to incorporate the predicted uncertainty ranges into the scheduling, load following, and, in some extent, into the regulation processes. It is also important to address the uncertainty problem comprehensively by including all sources of uncertainty (load, intermittent generation, generators forced outages, etc.) into consideration. All aspects of uncertainty such as the imbalance size (which is the same as capacity needed to mitigate the imbalance) and generation ramping requirement must be taken into account. The latter unique features make this work a significant step forward toward the objective of incorporating of wind, solar, load, and other uncertainties into power system operations. Currently, uncertainties associated with wind and load forecasts, as well as uncertainties associated with random generator outages and unexpected disconnection of supply lines, are not taken into account in power grid operation. Thus, operators have little means to weigh the likelihood and magnitude of upcoming events of power imbalance. In this project, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), a framework has been developed for incorporating uncertainties associated with wind and load forecast errors, unpredicted ramps, and forced generation disconnections into the energy management system (EMS) as well as generation dispatch and commitment applications. A new approach to evaluate the uncertainty ranges for the required generation performance envelope including balancing capacity, ramping capability, and ramp duration has been proposed. The approach includes three stages: forecast and actual data acquisition, statistical analysis of retrospective information, and prediction of future grid balancing requirements for specified time horizons and confidence levels. Assessment of the capacity and ramping requirements is performed using a specially developed probabilistic algorithm based on a histogram analysis, incorporating all sources of uncertainties of both continuous (wind and load forecast errors) and discrete (forced generator outages and start-up failures) nature. A new method called the flying brick technique has been developed to evaluate the look-ahead required generation performance envelope for the worst case scenario within a user-specified confidence level. A self-validation algorithm has been developed to validate the accuracy of the confidence intervals.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Huang, Zhenyu; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Guttromson, Ross T.; Subbarao, Krishnappa; Chakrabarti, Bhujanga B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Nuclear Safeguards Considerations For The Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (PBMR)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High temperature reactors (HTRs) have been considered since the 1940s, and have been constructed and demonstrated in the United Kingdom (Dragon), United States (Peach Bottom and Fort Saint Vrain), Japan (HTTR), Germany (AVR and THTR-300), and have been the subject of conceptual studies in Russia (VGM). The attraction to these reactors is that they can use a variety of reactor fuels, including abundant thorium, which upon reprocessing of the spent fuel can produce fissile U-233. Hence, they could extend the stocks of available uranium, provided the fuel is reprocessed. Another attractive attribute is that HTRs typically operate at a much higher temperature than conventional light water reactors (LWRs), because of the use of pyrolytic carbon and silicon carbide coated (TRISO) fuel particles embedded in ceramic graphite. Rather than simply discharge most of the unused heat from the working fluid in the power plant to the environment, engineers have been designing reactors for 40 years to recover this heat and make it available for district heating or chemical conversion plants. Demonstrating high-temperature nuclear energy conversion was the purpose behind Fort Saint Vrain in the United States, THTR-300 in Germany, HTTR in Japan, and HTR-10 and HTR-PM, being built in China. This resulted in nuclear reactors at least 30% or more thermodynamically efficient than conventional LWRs, especially if the waste heat can be effectively utilized in chemical processing plants. A modern variant of high temperature reactors is the Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (PBMR). Originally developed in the United States and Germany, it is now being redesigned and marketed by the Republic of South Africa and China. The team examined historical high temperature and high temperature gas reactors (HTR and HTGR) and reviewed safeguards considerations for this reactor. The following is a preliminary report on this topic prepared under the ASA-100 Advanced Safeguards Project in support of the NNSA Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI).

Phillip Casey Durst; David Beddingfield; Brian Boyer; Robert Bean; Michael Collins; Michael Ehinger; David Hanks; David L. Moses; Lee Refalo

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

ICM, Incorporated  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and process flow innovations to refine terrestrial lignocellulosic biomass into fuel ethanol. The proposed process furthers the cost effective production of ethanol from...

327

GRR/Section 12-NV-a - Flora and Fauna Considerations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2-NV-a - Flora and Fauna Considerations 2-NV-a - Flora and Fauna Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 12-NV-a - Flora and Fauna Considerations 12NVAFloraFaunaConsiderations.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Nevada Department of Wildlife Nevada State Office of Energy Regulations & Policies NRS 701.600 et seq Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 12NVAFloraFaunaConsiderations.pdf 12NVAFloraFaunaConsiderations.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative Nevada has a particular state notification and review process for wildlife considerations for all energy projects 10 megawatts or greater. The process

328

Genetic Incorporation of Noncanonical Amino Acids into Proteins for Protein Function Investigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the objective to functionalize proteins for the understanding of their biological roles and developing protein-based biosensors, I have been developing methods to synthesize proteins with defined modifications and applying them to study protein functional roles and generate proteins with new properties. These methods rely on the read-through of an in-frame stop codon in mRNA by a nonsense suppressor tRNA specifically acylated with a noncanoncial amino acid (NAA) by a unique aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase and the genetic incorporation of this NAA at the stop codon site. NAAs either provide chemical handles for site-specific manipulation or mimic the posttranslational modifications, which are critical for understanding cellular regulations and signal transduction. The pyrrolysine synthetase (PylRS) has been wildly used to incorporate NAAs into proteins in E. coli. Taking advantage of PylRS, I have developed method to genetically incorporate ketone-containing N-?-acetyl-L-lysine analog, 2-amino-8-oxononanoic acid (KetoK), into proteins for their site-specific modifications and used it to mimic the protein lysine acetylation process. I have also modified the ribosome in order to improve the amber suppression efficiency and therefore to achieve incorporation of multiple copies of NAA into one protein. By overexpressing a truncated ribosomal protein, L11C, I have demonstrated 5-fold increase of amber suppression level in E. coli, leading to higher expression levels for proteins incorporated with NAAs. I have also demonstrated this method can be applied successfully to incorporate at least 3 NAAs into one protein in E. coli. With the success of incorporating multiple NAAs into one protein, I have further introduced two distinct NAAs into one protein simultaneously. This is done by using a wild type or evolved PylRS-pylTUUA pair and an evolved M. jannaschii tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (MjTyrRS)-tRNACUA pair. By suppressing both UAG and UAA stop codons in one mRNA, a protein incorporated with two NAAs is synthesized with a decent yield. There is of great interest to incorporate new NAAs into proteins, which is done by library selection. By introducing both positive and negative selective markers into one plasmid, I have developed a one-plasmid selection method. In this method, the positive and negative selections are accomplished by in a single type of cells hosting a single selection plasmid.

Huang, Ying

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Biodiversity and the Recovery of Threatened and Endangered Salmon Species in the Columbia River Basin : Recovery Issues for Threatened and Endangered Snake River Salmon : Technical Report of 8 of 11.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The stated purpose of the Endangered Species Act is to provide a means whereby the ecosystem upon which endangered species and threatened species depend may be conserved. Conservation of the Columbia River ecosystem and the diversity of gene pools, life histories, species, and communities that comprise it, should become a major objective of species recovery and fish and wildlife management programs in the Columbia River Basin. Biodiversity is important to both species and ecosystem health, and is a prerequisite to long-term sustainability of biological resources. In this paper, I provide an overview of various approaches to defining, measuring, monitoring, and protecting biodiversity. A holistic approach is stressed that simultaneously considers diverse species and resource management needs. Emphasis is on threatened and endangered species of salmon and their associated habitat.

Steward, C. R. (Cleveland R.)

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

MHD EQUILIBRIUM AND STABILITY CONSIDERATIONS FOR HIGH-ASPECT-RATIO ARIES-I TOKAMAK REACTORS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Browse > Conferences> Fusion Engineering, 1989. Pro Back to Results MHD equilibrium and stability considerations for high-aspect-ratio ARIES-I tokamak reactors .102446 searchabstract .Peng, Y.-K.M. ; Strickler, D.J. ; Hogan, J.T. ; Whitson, J.C. ; Bathke, C.G. ; Evans, K., Jr. ; Jardin, S.C. ; Klasky, M. ; Leuer, J.A. ; Oak Ridge Nat. Lab., TN This paper appears in: Fusion Engineering, 1989. Proceedings., IEEE Thirteenth Symposium on Issue Date : 2-6 Oct 1989 On page(s): 1278 - 1282 vol.2 Meeting Date : 02 Oct 1989-06 Oct 1989 INSPEC Accession Number: 3809362 Digital Object Identifier : 10.1109/FUSION.1989.102446 Date of Current Version : 06 August 2002 Abstract The requirements of (1) an external poloidal-field coil (PFC) system with minimum stored energy, (2) double-null divertor plasmas with elongated D shape, (3) adequate passive stabilization of plasma vertical displacement by a vacuum vessel located behind the blanket zone, and (4) an enhanced plasma beta limit in the first stability regime are incorporated in the Advanced Reactor Innovation and Evaluation Study-I (ARIES-I) concept for a high-field tokamak reactor with high aspect ratio (A=4.5). The plasma current and pressure profiles are also made consistent with enhanced bootstrap current and reduced current drive power by means of ion cyclotron wave or neutral beam injection. These lead to plasmas characterized by an elongation of 1.8 to the divertor X-point, a triangularity of 0.7, a safety factor of ~1.5, a safety factor at the edge >4, a plasma beta of ~2%, and a poloidal beta of ~0.5. With a plasma current of 11 MA, a toroidal field of 13 T at the major radius of 6.5 m, and over 3.5 m of clearance between the PFCs and the plasma edge, the stored energy in the PFC system ranges from 20 GJ during plasma operation at low beta, to 12 GJ during plasma operation at high beta.

Peng, Yueng Kay Martin [ORNL; Strickler, Dennis J [ORNL

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

IN SITU NON-INVASIVE SOIL CARBON ANALYSIS: SAMPLE SIZE AND GEOSTATISTICAL CONSIDERATIONS.  

SciTech Connect

I discuss a new approach for quantitative carbon analysis in soil based on INS. Although this INS method is not simple, it offers critical advantages not available with other newly emerging modalities. The key advantages of the INS system include the following: (1) It is a non-destructive method, i.e., no samples of any kind are taken. A neutron generator placed above the ground irradiates the soil, stimulating carbon characteristic gamma-ray emission that is counted by a detection system also placed above the ground. (2) The INS system can undertake multielemental analysis, so expanding its usefulness. (3) It can be used either in static or scanning modes. (4) The volume sampled by the INS method is large with a large footprint; when operating in a scanning mode, the sampled volume is continuous. (5) Except for a moderate initial cost of about $100,000 for the system, no additional expenses are required for its operation over two to three years after which a NG has to be replenished with a new tube at an approximate cost of $10,000, this regardless of the number of sites analyzed. In light of these characteristics, the INS system appears invaluable for monitoring changes in the carbon content in the field. For this purpose no calibration is required; by establishing a carbon index, changes in carbon yield can be followed with time in exactly the same location, thus giving a percent change. On the other hand, with calibration, it can be used to determine the carbon stock in the ground, thus estimating the soil's carbon inventory. However, this requires revising the standard practices for deciding upon the number of sites required to attain a given confidence level, in particular for the purposes of upward scaling. Then, geostatistical considerations should be incorporated in considering properly the averaging effects of the large volumes sampled by the INS system that would require revising standard practices in the field for determining the number of spots to be sampled. It is highly desirable to assess properly the sampled volume for reporting the absolute value of the measured carbon. At the same time, increasing the number of detectors surrounding the NG can reduce error propagation. In the present work, only the volume irradiated by the neutrons was estimated. It should be pointed that the carbon yield is also affected by the neutron energy spectrum that changes with depth. Thus, all these considerations must be considered carefully when evaluating the detectors' configuration and the resulting counting efficiency. In summary, INS system is a novel approach for non-destructive carbon analysis in soil with very unique features. It should contribute in assessing soil carbon inventories and assist in understanding belowground carbon processes. The complexity of carbon distribution in soil requires a special attention when calibrating the INS system, and a consensus developed on the most favorable way to report carbon abundance. Clearly, this will affect the calibration procedures.

WIELOPOLSKI, L.

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

GRR/Section 12-OR-a - State Flora & Fauna Considerations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2-OR-a - State Flora & Fauna Considerations 2-OR-a - State Flora & Fauna Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 12-OR-a - State Flora & Fauna Considerations 12ORAStateFloraFaunaConsiderations.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies [[Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife]] Regulations & Policies Oregon Administrative Rules 635-100 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 12ORAStateFloraFaunaConsiderations.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative This flowchart illustrates the flora and fauna considerations in Oregon.

333

GRR/Section 11-UT-a - State Cultural Considerations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1-UT-a - State Cultural Considerations 1-UT-a - State Cultural Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 11-UT-a - State Cultural Considerations 11UTAStateCulturalConsiderations (3).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Utah State Historic Preservation Office Utah Antiquities Section Utah Public Lands Policy Coordination Office Regulations & Policies UC 9-8-309: Human Remains UC 9-8-304: Antiquities Section UC 9-8-404: State Compliance UC 9-9-403: Native American Remains UC 76-9-404: Criminal Penalties for Abuse of Dead Human Body Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 11UTAStateCulturalConsiderations (3).pdf 11UTAStateCulturalConsiderations (3).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

334

GRR/Section 1-ID-a - Land Use Considerations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 1-ID-a - Land Use Considerations GRR/Section 1-ID-a - Land Use Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 1-ID-a - Land Use Considerations 01IDALandUseConsiderations.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 01IDALandUseConsiderations.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative Add Text Print PDF Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Section_1-ID-a_-_Land_Use_Considerations&oldid=685536" Categories: Regulatory Roadmap State Sections Geothermal Regulatory Roadmap Sections

335

GRR/Section 1-HI-a - Land Use Considerations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 1-HI-a - Land Use Considerations GRR/Section 1-HI-a - Land Use Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 1-HI-a - Land Use Considerations 01HIALandUseConsiderations.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 01HIALandUseConsiderations.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative Add Text Print PDF Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Section_1-HI-a_-_Land_Use_Considerations&oldid=685535" Categories: Regulatory Roadmap State Sections Geothermal Regulatory Roadmap Sections

336

GRR/Section 11-AK-a - State Cultural Considerations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1-AK-a - State Cultural Considerations 1-AK-a - State Cultural Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 11-AK-a - State Cultural Considerations 11AKAStateCulturalConsiderations (2).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Alaska Department of Natural Resources Regulations & Policies AS 41.35.060: Power to Acquire AS 41.35.070: Preservation of Historic Resources AS 41.35.090: Notice AS 41.35.100: Excavation Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 11AKAStateCulturalConsiderations (2).pdf 11AKAStateCulturalConsiderations (2).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative It is the policy of the State of Alaska to preserve and protect the

337

GRR/Section 11-NV-a - Cultural Considerations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1-NV-a - Cultural Considerations 1-NV-a - Cultural Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 11-NV-a - Cultural Considerations 11NVACulturalConsiderations (1).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Nevada State Historic Preservation Office Nevada State Office of Energy Nevada Public Utilities Commission National Park Service Advisory Council on Historic Preservation Regulations & Policies National Historic Preservation Act Native American Graves Protection Act Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 11NVACulturalConsiderations (1).pdf 11NVACulturalConsiderations (1).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

338

GRR/Section 12-MT-a - Flora & Fauna Considerations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 12-MT-a - Flora & Fauna Considerations GRR/Section 12-MT-a - Flora & Fauna Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 12-MT-a - Flora & Fauna Considerations 12MTAFloraFaunaConsiderations (2).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks Regulations & Policies Commercial Use Administrative Rules Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 12MTAFloraFaunaConsiderations (2).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative This flowchart and the following content outlines the flora and fauna considerations that are specific to Montana and in addition to federal

339

GRR/Section 1-MT-a - Land Use Considerations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 1-MT-a - Land Use Considerations GRR/Section 1-MT-a - Land Use Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 1-MT-a - Land Use Considerations 01MTALandUseConsiderations.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 01MTALandUseConsiderations.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative Add Text Print PDF Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Section_1-MT-a_-_Land_Use_Considerations&oldid=685537" Categories: Regulatory Roadmap State Sections Geothermal Regulatory Roadmap Sections

340

GRR/Section 11-OR-a - State Cultural Considerations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 11-OR-a - State Cultural Considerations GRR/Section 11-OR-a - State Cultural Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 11-OR-a - State Cultural Considerations 11ORAStateCulturalConsiderations (2).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Oregon State Historic Preservation Office Oregon Parks and Recreation Department Regulations & Policies ORS 358.653 OAR 736-051-0080 OAR 736-051-0090 ORS 97.745 - 97.760 Indian Graves & Protected Objects Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 11ORAStateCulturalConsiderations (2).pdf 11ORAStateCulturalConsiderations (2).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Wind Energy Management System Integration Project Incorporating Wind Generation and Load Forecast Uncertainties into Power Grid Operations  

SciTech Connect

The power system balancing process, which includes the scheduling, real time dispatch (load following) and regulation processes, is traditionally based on deterministic models. Since the conventional generation needs time to be committed and dispatched to a desired megawatt level, the scheduling and load following processes use load and wind power production forecasts to achieve future balance between the conventional generation and energy storage on the one side, and system load, intermittent resources (such as wind and solar generation) and scheduled interchange on the other side. Although in real life the forecasting procedures imply some uncertainty around the load and wind forecasts (caused by forecast errors), only their mean values are actually used in the generation dispatch and commitment procedures. Since the actual load and intermittent generation can deviate from their forecasts, it becomes increasingly unclear (especially, with the increasing penetration of renewable resources) whether the system would be actually able to meet the conventional generation requirements within the look-ahead horizon, what the additional balancing efforts would be needed as we get closer to the real time, and what additional costs would be incurred by those needs. In order to improve the system control performance characteristics, maintain system reliability, and minimize expenses related to the system balancing functions, it becomes necessary to incorporate the predicted uncertainty ranges into the scheduling, load following, and, in some extent, into the regulation processes. It is also important to address the uncertainty problem comprehensively, by including all sources of uncertainty (load, intermittent generation, generators forced outages, etc.) into consideration. All aspects of uncertainty such as the imbalance size (which is the same as capacity needed to mitigate the imbalance) and generation ramping requirement must be taken into account. The latter unique features make this work a significant step forward toward the objective of incorporating of wind, solar, load, and other uncertainties into power system operations. In this report, a new methodology to predict the uncertainty ranges for the required balancing capacity, ramping capability and ramp duration is presented. Uncertainties created by system load forecast errors, wind and solar forecast errors, generation forced outages are taken into account. The uncertainty ranges are evaluated for different confidence levels of having the actual generation requirements within the corresponding limits. The methodology helps to identify system balancing reserve requirement based on a desired system performance levels, identify system breaking points, where the generation system becomes unable to follow the generation requirement curve with the user-specified probability level, and determine the time remaining to these potential events. The approach includes three stages: statistical and actual data acquisition, statistical analysis of retrospective information, and prediction of future grid balancing requirements for specified time horizons and confidence intervals. Assessment of the capacity and ramping requirements is performed using a specially developed probabilistic algorithm based on a histogram analysis incorporating all sources of uncertainty and parameters of a continuous (wind forecast and load forecast errors) and discrete (forced generator outages and failures to start up) nature. Preliminary simulations using California Independent System Operator (California ISO) real life data have shown the effectiveness of the proposed approach. A tool developed based on the new methodology described in this report will be integrated with the California ISO systems. Contractual work is currently in place to integrate the tool with the AREVA EMS system.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Huang, Zhenyu; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Guttromson, Ross T.; Subbarao, Krishnappa; Chakrabarti, Bhujanga B.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

GRR/Section 1-AK-a - Land Use Considerations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon GRRSection 1-AK-a - Land Use Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY...

343

W(C)-90-006 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

06 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S U.S. AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS IN INVENTIONS MADE BY PARTICIPANTS IN THE PERFORMANCE OF COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND...

344

RELIABILITY CONSIDERATIONS OF ELECTRONICS COMPONENTS FOR THE DEEP UNDERWATER MUON AND NEUTRINO DETECTION SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Considerations for the Dtep Underwater Muon and NeutrinoPresented at the Deep Underwater Huon and Neutrino DetectionCOMPONENTS FOR THE DEEP UNDERWATER MUON AND NEUTRINO

Leskovar, B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

PHOTOMULTIPLIER CHARACTERISTICS CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE DEEP UNDERWATER MUON AND NEUTRINO DETECTION SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Presented at the Deep Underwater Huon and Neutrino DetectionCONSIDERATIONS FOR THE DEEP UNDERWATER HUON AND NEUTRINOPresented at the Deep Underwater Huon and Neutrino Detection

Leskovar, B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

W(C)-90-003 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S U.S. AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS IN INVENTIONS MADE BY PARTICIPANTS IN THE PERFORMANCE OF COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND...

347

W(C)-90-010 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S U.S. AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS IN INVENTIONS MADE BY PARTICIPANTS IN THE PERFORMANCE OF COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND...

348

Al-Based Metallic Glass Incorporated Novel Ag Electrode for Si ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and good corrosion/oxidation resistances in the supercooled liquid state. ... Al- Based Metallic Glass Incorporated Novel Ag Electrode for Si Solar Cell ... Interfacial Free Energy and Local Order of Metallic Liquids from Elements to Alloys ... Predicting the Production of Glass Former Alloys by Mathematical Simulation of...

349

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201300762 Three-Dimensional Architectures Incorporating Stereoregular  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

molecules[2] (MIMs) have been incorporated into well-defined, extended architectures[3] of metal­organic p···p stacking of their hydroquinone (HQ) units, are sand- Abstract: We report the synthesis of two- sociated with both the DNP and hydro- quinone (HQ) units present in the crown ether, each catenane can

350

Amorphous silicon Schottky barrier solar cells incorporating a thin insulating layer and a thin doped layer  

SciTech Connect

Amorphous silicon Schottky barrier solar cells which incorporate a thin insulating layer and a thin doped layer adjacent to the junction forming metal layer exhibit increased open circuit voltages compared to standard rectifying junction metal devices, i.e., Schottky barrier devices, and rectifying junction metal insulating silicon devices, i.e., MIS devices.

Carlson, David E. (Yardley, PA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

A General Method of Incorporating Forecast Cost and Loss in Value Scores  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this note, the author shows how to incorporate cost for correct forecasts in the skill score statistical test developed by Briggs and Ruppert and how to extend this result to another value score developed by Wilks. It is then shown that both ...

William Briggs

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Quantifying the system balancing cost when wind energy is incorporated into  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantifying the system balancing cost when wind energy is incorporated into electricity generation system Natalia Issaeva #12;Contents Notation 1 1 Introduction 4 1.1 Benefits of wind energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.2 Challenges of wind energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.3 Balancing

Tanner, Jared

353

Consideration of Cumulative Impacts in EPA Review of NEPA Documents, EPA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Consideration of Cumulative Impacts in EPA Review of NEPA Consideration of Cumulative Impacts in EPA Review of NEPA Documents, EPA Office of Federal Activities Consideration of Cumulative Impacts in EPA Review of NEPA Documents, EPA Office of Federal Activities The purpose of this guidance is to assist EPA reviewers of NEPA documents in providing accurate, realistic, and consistent comments on the assessment of cumulative impacts. The guidance focuses on specific issues that are critical in EPA's review of NEPA documents under Section 309 of the Clean Air Act. G-EPA-cumulative_impacts.pdf More Documents & Publications Consideration Of Cumulative Impacts In EPA Review of NEPA Documents Considering Cumulative Effects Under the National Environmental Policy Act DRAFT NEPA Guidance on Consideration of the Effects of Climate Change and

354

GRR/Section 11-TX-a - State Cultural Considerations Overview | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 11-TX-a - State Cultural Considerations Overview GRR/Section 11-TX-a - State Cultural Considerations Overview < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 11-TX-a - State Cultural Considerations Overview 11TXAStateCulturalConsiderationsOverview.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Texas Historical Commission Regulations & Policies NRC Ch. 191: Antiquities Code CCP Ch. 49: Inquests Upon Dead Bodies Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 11TXAStateCulturalConsiderationsOverview.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative 11-TX-a.1 - Have Potential Human Remains Been Discovered?

355

GRR/Section 12-ID-a - State Flora & Fauna Considerations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 12-ID-a - State Flora & Fauna Considerations GRR/Section 12-ID-a - State Flora & Fauna Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 12-ID-a - State Flora & Fauna Considerations 12IDAFloraFaunaConsiderations.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Idaho Department of Fish & Game Regulations & Policies Idaho Statutes 36.103 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 12IDAFloraFaunaConsiderations.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative The Idaho Department of Fish & Game preserves wildlife against any direct take, including wild animals, birds, and fish under Idaho Statutes 36.103.

356

A Software Tool for Concurrent Consideration of Multiple Codes & Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Software Tool for Concurrent Consideration of Multiple Codes & Standards A Software Tool for Concurrent Consideration of Multiple Codes & Standards Speaker(s): Georg Reichard Date: August 29, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Dr. Reichard will give a brief overview of the Research Areas at the Institute for Structural Analysis at the Graz University of Technology and then focus on a software development project, which aims at facilitating concurrent consideration of multiple codes and standards for European buildings. The software development project started in 1998 and was initially focused on integrating the consideration of standards on thermal, hydrothermal and acoustic performance of building components. Currently, the software is being expanded to include consideration of multiple international standards for building components as well as whole buildings

357

GRR/Section 12-FD-c - Marine Mammal Protection Considerations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c - Marine Mammal Protection Considerations c - Marine Mammal Protection Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 12-FD-c - Marine Mammal Protection Considerations 12FDCMarineMammalProtectionConsiderations.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Fish and Wildlife Service National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Marine Fisheries Service Regulations & Policies Marine Mammal Protection Act Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 12FDCMarineMammalProtectionConsiderations.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative

358

DRAFT NEPA Guidance on Consideration of the Effects of Climate Change and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DRAFT NEPA Guidance on Consideration of the Effects of Climate DRAFT NEPA Guidance on Consideration of the Effects of Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas Emissions DRAFT NEPA Guidance on Consideration of the Effects of Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas Emissions The Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) issued this draft guidance memorandum for public consideration and comment on the ways in which Federal agencies can improve their consideration of the effects of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate change in their evaluation of proposals for Federal actions under NEPA. This draft guidance was intended to help explain how agencies of the Federal government should analyze the environmental effects of GHG emissions and climate change when they describe the environmental effects of a proposed agency action in accordance with Section 102 of NEPA and the CEQ Regulations for

359

GRR/Section 11-CO-a - State Cultural Considerations Overview | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 11-CO-a - State Cultural Considerations Overview GRR/Section 11-CO-a - State Cultural Considerations Overview < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 11-CO-a - State Cultural Considerations Overview 11COAStateCulturalConsiderationsOverview.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation Regulations & Policies CRS 24-80-1301, et seq. Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 11COAStateCulturalConsiderationsOverview.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative 11-CO-a.1 - Have Potential Human Remains Been Discovered?

360

GRR/Section 11-ID-a - State Cultural Considerations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-ID-a - State Cultural Considerations -ID-a - State Cultural Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 11-ID-a - State Cultural Considerations 11IDAStateCulturalConsiderations (2).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Idaho State Historical Society Regulations & Policies Idaho's Protection of Graves Statute IS 27-503 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 11IDAStateCulturalConsiderations (2).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative Idaho has a statute that provides state law protection to cairns and grave sites. The Idaho State Historical Society administers the protections

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

GRR/Section 12-TX-a - Flora and Fauna Considerations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TX-a - Flora and Fauna Considerations TX-a - Flora and Fauna Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 12-TX-a - Flora and Fauna Considerations 12TXAFloraAndFaunaConsiderations.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Regulations & Policies Texas Parks and Wildlife Code § 68 31 TAC 65.175 31 TAC 65.176 31 TAC 65.173 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 12TXAFloraAndFaunaConsiderations.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative In Texas, no person may capture, trap, take, or kill, or attempt to

362

GRR/Section 12-UT-a - Flora & Fauna Considerations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 12-UT-a - Flora & Fauna Considerations GRR/Section 12-UT-a - Flora & Fauna Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 12-UT-a - Flora & Fauna Considerations 12UTAFloraFaunaConsiderations (1).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Utah Division of Wildlife Resources Regulations & Policies Utah Sensitive Species List Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 12UTAFloraFaunaConsiderations (1).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative Utah does not have an incidental take permit process. Typically, the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources becomes involved during the pre-design

363

GRR/Section 12-CO-a - State Flora & Fauna Considerations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2-CO-a - State Flora & Fauna Considerations 2-CO-a - State Flora & Fauna Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 12-CO-a - State Flora & Fauna Considerations 12COAFloraFaunaConsiderations.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Colorado Division of Wildlife Regulations & Policies DOW Rules and Regulations Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 12COAFloraFaunaConsiderations.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative Note: Due to the fact that commercial activities in State Wildlife Areas are generally prohibited, this flowchart represents a narrow exception and

364

Incorporation of Multi-Member Substructure Capabilities in FAST for Analysis of Offshore Wind Turbines: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Incorporation of Multi-Member Incorporation of Multi-Member Substructure Capabilities in FAST for Analysis of Offshore Wind Turbines Preprint H. Song, A. Robertson, and J. Jonkman National Renewable Energy Laboratory D. Sewell University of Delaware Presented at the Offshore Technology Conference Houston, Texas April 30-May 3, 2012 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5000-53676 May 2012 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

365

One-Piece Battery Incorporating A Circulating Fluid Type Heat Exchanger  

SciTech Connect

A one-piece battery comprises a tank divided into cells each receiving an electrode assembly, closure means for the tank and a circulating fluid type heat exchanger facing the relatively larger faces of the electrode assembly. The fluid flows in a compartment defined by two flanges which incorporate a fluid inlet orifice communicating with a common inlet manifold and a fluid outlet orifice communicating with a common outlet manifold. The tank comprises at least two units and each unit comprises at least one cell delimited by walls. The wall facing a relatively larger face of the electrode assembly constitutes one of the flanges. Each unit further incorporates a portion of an inlet and outlet manifold. The units are fastened together so that the flanges when placed face-to-face form a sealed circulation compartment and the portions of the same manifold are aligned with each other.

Verhoog, Roelof (Bordeaux, FR)

2001-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

366

Soil carbon sequestration and changes in fungal and bacterial biomass following incorporation of forest residues.  

SciTech Connect

Sequestering carbon (C) in forest soils can benefit site fertility and help offset greenhouse gas emissions. However, identifying soil conditions and forest management practices which best promote C accumulation remains a challenging task. We tested whether soil incorporation of masticated woody residues alters short-term C storage at forested sites in western and southeastern USA. Our hypothesis was that woody residues would preferentially stimulate soil fungal biomass, resulting in improved C use efficiency and greater soil C storage. Harvest slash at loblolly pine sites in South Carolina was masticated (chipped) and either (1) retained on the soil surface, (2) tilled to a soil depth of 40 cm, or (3) tilled using at least twice the mass of organics. At comparative sites in California, live woody fuels in ponderosa pine stands were (1) masticated and surface applied, (2) masticated and tilled, or (3) left untreated. Sites with clayey and sandy soils were compared in each region, with residue additions ranging from 20 to 207 Mg ha_1. Total and active fungal biomass were not strongly affected by residue incorporation despite the high input of organics. Limited response was also found for total and active bacterial biomass. As a consequence, fungal:bacterial (F:B) biomass ratios were similar among treatments at each site. Total soil C was elevated at one California site following residue incorporation, yet was significantly lower compared to surface-applied residues at both loblolly pine sites, presumably due to the oxidative effects of tilling on soil organic matter. The findings demonstrated an inconsequential effect of residue incorporation on fungal and bacterial biomass and suggest a limited potential of such practices to enhance long-term soil C storage in these forests.

Busse, Matt, D.; Sanchez, Felipe G.; Ratcliff, Alice W.; Butnor, John R.; Carter, Emily A.; Powers, Robert F.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

An extension of the relational data model to incorporate ordered domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We extend the relational data model to incorporate partial orderings into data domains, which we call the ordered relational model. Within the extended model, we define the partially ordered relational algebra (the PORA) by allowing the ordering predicate ... Keywords: Axiom system, chase rules, implication problem, language expressiveness, lexicographical ordering, mixed ordering, nonuniform completeness, order-preserving database automorphism, ordered SQL, ordered functional dependencies, ordered relational model, ordered relations, partially ordered domains, partially ordered relational algebra, pointwise ordering, tableaux, valuation mapping

Wilfred Ng

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

First-principles calculations of the stability and incorporation of helium, xenon and krypton in uranium  

SciTech Connect

While metallic fuels have a long history of reactor use, their fundamental physical and thermodynamic properties are not well understood. Many metallic nuclear fuels are body-centered cubic alloys of uranium that swell under fission conditions, creating fission product gases such as helium, xenon and krypton. In this paper, helium, xenon, and krypton point defects are investigated in the a and ? phases of metallic uranium using first principles calculations. A density functional theory (DFT) framework is utilized with projector augmented-wave (PAW) pseudopotentials. Formation and incorporation energies of He, Xe, and Kr are calculated at various defect positions for the prediction of fission gas behavior in uranium. In most cases, defect energies follow a size effect, with helium incorporation and formation energies being the smallest. The most likely position for the larger Xe and Kr atoms in uranium is the substitutional site. Helium atoms are likely to be found in a wide variety of defect positions due to the comparable formation energies of all defect configurations analyzed. This is the first detailed study of the stability and incorporation of fission gases in uranium.

B. Beeler; B. Good; S. Rashkeev; M. Baskes; M. Okuniewski

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Test Procedure for 170.302.h Incorporate Laboratory Test Results APPROVED Version 1.1 September 24, 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Test Procedure for §170.302.h Incorporate Laboratory Test Results APPROVED Version 1.1 September 24, 2010 1 Test Procedure for §170.302 (h) Incorporate Laboratory Test Results This document describes the test procedure for evaluating conformance of complete EHRs or EHR modules1

370

Source Footprint Considerations in the Determination of Volatile Organic Compound Fluxes from Forest Canopies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Above-canopy sampling of trace gases to determine volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions should be interpreted in terms of footprint considerations. This can be accomplished by defining the upwind canopy areas effectively sampled under the ...

S. K. Kaharabata; P. H. Schuepp; J. D. Fuentes

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Should the electric polarization of intrastellar plasma be taken into consideration at elaboration a star theory?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that the gravity-induced electric polarization of intrastellar plasma must be taken into consideration at formulation of a star theory, as plasma in the stars is electrically polarized.

B. V. Vasiliev

2010-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

372

GRR/Section 1-OR-a - Land Use Considerations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » GRR/Section 1-OR-a - Land Use Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 1-OR-a - Land Use Considerations 01ORALandUseConsiderations.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 01ORALandUseConsiderations.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative Add Text Print PDF

373

GRR/Section 11-WA-a - State Cultural Considerations Overview | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 11-WA-a - State Cultural Considerations Overview GRR/Section 11-WA-a - State Cultural Considerations Overview < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 11-WA-a - State Cultural Considerations Overview 11-WA-a - State Cultural Considerations Overview.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Triggers None specified The developer will be required to comply with Washington state law when human remains or other cultural resources are discovered on a project site. Cultural resources include both historic and archaeological resources and sites. The discovery of cultural resources may require obtaining a permit and providing public notice and notice to Indian Tribes. Once the necessary procedures have been followed, the developer may continue with the project.

374

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY UNffED TECH NOLOG1E$ CORPORATION FOR AN ADVANCE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Statement of Considerations Statement of Considerations DOE Waiver No. W(A)2009-006 Page 4 of 4 For the foregoing reasons, and in view of the objectives and considerations set forth in 10 CFR 784, all of which have been considered. it is recommended that the requested waiver be granted. Date: rol' ~/D'1 Gary Dr Assistant Chief Counsel for Intellectua, Property DOE Chicago Office Based on the foregoing Statement of Considerations, it is determined that the interests of the United States and the general public will best be served by waiver of the United States' domestic and foreign patent right as set forth hefl!ID, and therefore, the waiver is granted. This waiver shall not apply to a modification or extension of the U1'RC subcontract where, through such modification or extension. the purpose, scope or OOE cost of the subcontract has been

375

GRR/Section 11-CA-a - State Cultural Considerations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » GRR/Section 11-CA-a - State Cultural Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 11-CA-a - State Cultural Considerations 11CAAStateCulturalConsiderations.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California State Historic Preservation Officer Regulations & Policies California Register of Historic Places Native American Historical, Cultural and Sacred Sites Archaeological, Paleontological, and Historical Sites Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 11CAAStateCulturalConsiderations.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

376

Short White Paper Operational Considerations for U.S. Scientists Collaborating on Experimental  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Short White Paper Operational Considerations for U.S. Scientists Collaborating on Experimental program and to the success of the fusion program. This short paper makes suggestions as to how to make

377

GRR/Section 12-AK-a - Flora & Fauna Considerations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » GRR/Section 12-AK-a - Flora & Fauna Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 12-AK-a - Flora & Fauna Considerations 12AKAFloraFaunaConsiderations (1).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Alaska Department of Fish and Game Regulations & Policies AS 16.05.841: Fishways AS 16.05.871: Protection of Fish and Game AS 16.20: Conservation and Protection 5 AAC 95.011: Waters Important to Anadromous Fish Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 12AKAFloraFaunaConsiderations (1).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

378

W(C)-90-009 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 W(C)-90-009 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S U.S. AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS IN INVENTIONS MADE BY PARTICIPANTS IN THE PERFORMANCE OF COOPERATIVE...

379

Determining the Effectiveness of Incorporating Geographic Information Into Vehicle Performance Algorithms  

SciTech Connect

This thesis presents a research study using one year of driving data obtained from plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) located in Sacramento and San Francisco, California to determine the effectiveness of incorporating geographic information into vehicle performance algorithms. Sacramento and San Francisco were chosen because of the availability of high resolution (1/9 arc second) digital elevation data. First, I present a method for obtaining instantaneous road slope, given a latitude and longitude, and introduce its use into common driving intensity algorithms. I show that for trips characterized by >40m of net elevation change (from key on to key off), the use of instantaneous road slope significantly changes the results of driving intensity calculations. For trips exhibiting elevation loss, algorithms ignoring road slope overestimated driving intensity by as much as 211 Wh/mile, while for trips exhibiting elevation gain these algorithms underestimated driving intensity by as much as 333 Wh/mile. Second, I describe and test an algorithm that incorporates vehicle route type into computations of city and highway fuel economy. Route type was determined by intersecting trip GPS points with ESRI StreetMap road types and assigning each trip as either city or highway route type according to whichever road type comprised the largest distance traveled. The fuel economy results produced by the geographic classification were compared to the fuel economy results produced by algorithms that assign route type based on average speed or driving style. Most results were within 1 mile per gallon ({approx}3%) of one another; the largest difference was 1.4 miles per gallon for charge depleting highway trips. The methods for acquiring and using geographic data introduced in this thesis will enable other vehicle technology researchers to incorporate geographic data into their research problems.

Sera White

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Dynamic modelling of a double-pendulum gantry crane system incorporating payload  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The natural sway of crane payloads is detrimental to safe and efficient operation. Under certain conditions, the problem is complicated when the payloads create a double pendulum effect. This paper presents dynamic modelling of a double-pendulum gantry crane system based on closed-form equations of motion. The Lagrangian method is used to derive the dynamic model of the system. A dynamic model of the system incorporating payload is developed and the effects of payload on the response of the system are discussed. Extensive results that validate the theoretical derivation are presented in the time and frequency domains.

Ismail, R. M. T. Raja; Ahmad, M. A.; Ramli, M. S.; Ishak, R.; Zawawi, M. A. [Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300, Kuantan, Pahang (Malaysia)

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Site specific incorporation of heavy atom-containing unnatural amino acids into proteins for structure determination  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Translation systems and other compositions including orthogonal aminoacyl tRNA-synthetases that preferentially charge an orthogonal tRNA with an iodinated or brominated amino acid are provided. Nucleic acids encoding such synthetases are also described, as are methods and kits for producing proteins including heavy atom-containing amino acids, e.g., brominated or iodinated amino acids. Methods of determining the structure of a protein, e.g., a protein into which a heavy atom has been site-specifically incorporated through use of an orthogonal tRNA/aminoacyl tRNA-synthetase pair, are also described.

Xie, Jianming (San Diego, CA); Wang, Lei (San Diego, CA); Wu, Ning (Boston, MA); Schultz, Peter G. (La Jolla, CA)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

382

Incorporation of Multi-Member Substructure Capabilities in FAST for Analysis of Offshore Wind Turbines: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

FAST, developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), is an aero-hydro-servo-elastic tool widely used for analyzing onshore and offshore wind turbines. This paper discusses recent modifications made to FAST to enable the examination of offshore wind turbines with fixed-bottom, multi-member support structures (which are commonly used in transitional-depth waters).; This paper addresses the methods used for incorporating the hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loading on multi-member structures in FAST through its hydronamic loading module, HydroDyn. Modeling of the hydrodynamic loads was accomplished through the incorporation of Morison and buoyancy loads on the support structures. Issues addressed include how to model loads at the joints of intersecting members and on tapered and tilted members of the support structure. Three example structures are modeled to test and verify the solutions generated by the modifications to HydroDyn, including a monopile, tripod, and jacket structure. Verification is achieved through comparison of the results to a computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-derived solution using the commercial software tool STAR-CCM+.

Song, H.; Robertson, A.; Jonkman, J.; Sewell, D.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Sodium-Doped Molybdenum Targets for Controllable Sodium Incorporation in CIGS Solar Cells: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The efficiency of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) solar cells is enhanced when Na is incorporated in the CIGS absorber layer. This work examines Na incorporation in CIGS utilizing Na-doped Mo sputtered from targets made with sodium molybdate-doped (MONA) powder. Mo:Na films with varying thicknesses were sputtered onto Mo-coated borosilicate glass (BSG) or stainless steel substrates for CIGS solar cells. By use of this technique, the Na content of CIGS can be varied from near-zero to higher than that obtained from a soda-lime glass (SLG) substrate. Targets and deposition conditions are described. The doped Mo films are analyzed, and the resulting devices are compared to devices fabricated on Mo-coated SLG as well as Mo-coated BSG with NaF. Completed devices utilizing MONA exceeded 15.7% efficiency without anti-reflective coating, which was consistently higher than devices prepared with the NaF precursor. Strategies for minimizing adhesion difficulties are presented.

Mansfield, L. M.; Repins, I. L.; Glynn, S.; Carducci, M. D.; Honecker, D. M.; Pankow, J.; Young, M.; DeHart, C.; Sundaramoorthy, R.; Beall, C. L.; To, B.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Oxygen Incorporation During Fabrication of Substrate CdTe Photovoltaic Devices: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recently, CdTe photovoltaic (PV) devices fabricated in the nonstandard substrate configuration have attracted increasing interest because of their potential compatibility with flexible substrates such as metal foils and polymer films. This compatibility could lead to the suitability of CdTe for roll-to-roll processing and building-integrated PV. Currently, however, the efficiencies of substrate CdTe devices reported in the literature are significantly lower ({approx}6%-8%) than those of high-performance superstrate devices ({approx}17%) because of significantly lower open-circuit voltage (Voc) and fill factor (FF). In our recent device development efforts, we have found that processing parameters required to fabricate high-efficiency substrate CdTe PV devices differ from those necessary for traditional superstrate CdTe devices. Here, we investigate how oxygen incorporation in the CdTe deposition, CdCl2 heat treatment, CdS deposition, and post-deposition heat treatment affect device characteristics through their effects on the junction. By adjusting whether oxygen is incorporated during these processing steps, we have achieved Voc values greater than 860 mV and efficiencies greater than 10%.

Duenow, J. N.; Dhere, R. G.; Kuciauskas, D.; Li, J. V.; Pankow, J. W.; DeHart, C. M.; Gessert, T. A.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Landscape characterization and biodiversity research  

SciTech Connect

Rapid deforestation often produces landscape-level changes in forest characteristics and structure, including area, distribution, and forest habitat types. Changes in landscape pattern through fragmentation or aggregation of natural habitats can alter patterns of abundance for single species and entire communities. Examples of single-species effects include increased predation along the forest edge, the decline in the number of species with poor dispersal mechanisms, and the spread of exotic species that have deleterious effects (e.g., gypsy moth). A decrease in the size and number of natural habitat patches increases the probability of local extirpation and loss of diversity of native species, whereas a decline in connectivity between habitat patches can negatively affect species persistence. Thus, there is empirical justification for managing entire landscapes, not just individual habitat types, in order to insure that native plant and animal diversity is maintained. A landscape is defined as an area composed of a mosaic of interacting ecosystems, or patches, with the heterogeneity among the patches significantly affecting biotic and abiotic processes in the landscape. Patches comprising a landscape are usually composed of discrete areas of relatively homogeneous environmental conditions and must be defined in terms of the organisms of interest. A large body of theoretical work in landscape ecology has provided a wealth of methods for quantifying spatial characteristics of landscapes. Recent advances in remote sensing and geographic information systems allow these methods to be applied over large areas. The objectives of this paper are to present a brief overview of common measures of landscape characteristics, to explore the new technology available for their calculation, to provide examples of their application, and to call attention to the need for collection of spatially-explicit field data.

Dale, V.H. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Offerman, H. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Geography Dept.; Frohn, R. [Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); Gardner, R.H. [Appalachian Environmental Lab., Frostburg, MD (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

GRR/Section 11-MT-a - State Cultural Considerations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » GRR/Section 11-MT-a - State Cultural Considerations < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 11-MT-a - State Cultural Considerations 11MTAStateCulturalConsiderations (1).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Montana State Historic Preservation Office Regulations & Policies MCA 22-3-421: Report of Discovery on State Land MCA 22-3-800: Human Skeletal Remains and Burial Site Protection Act Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content

387

The potential impact of externalities considerations on the market for biomass power technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study assesses the current status of externalities considerations--nonmarket costs and benefits--in state and utility electricity resource planning processes and determines how externalities considerations might help or hinder the development of biomass power plants. It provides an overview of biomass resources and technologies, including their market status and environmental impacts; reviews the current treatment of externalities in the states; and documents the perspectives of key utility, regulatory, and industry representatives concerning externalities considerations. The authors make the following recommendations to the biomass industry: (1) the wood and agricultural waste industries should work toward having states and utilities recognize that wood and agricultural waste are greenhouse gas neutral resources because of carbon sequestration during growth; (2) the biomass industry should emphasize nonenvironmental benefits such as economic development and job creation; and (3) the biomass industry should pursue and support efforts to establish renewable energy set-asides or ``green`` requests for proposals.

Swezey, B.G.; Porter, K.L.; Feher, J.S.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Structural considerations for solar installers : an approach for small, simplified solar installations or retrofits.  

SciTech Connect

Structural Considerations for Solar Installers provides a comprehensive outline of structural considerations associated with simplified solar installations and recommends a set of best practices installers can follow when assessing such considerations. Information in the manual comes from engineering and solar experts as well as case studies. The objectives of the manual are to ensure safety and structural durability for rooftop solar installations and to potentially accelerate the permitting process by identifying and remedying structural issues prior to installation. The purpose of this document is to provide tools and guidelines for installers to help ensure that residential photovoltaic (PV) power systems are properly specified and installed with respect to the continuing structural integrity of the building.

Richards, Elizabeth H.; Schindel, Kay (City of Madison, WI); Bosiljevac, Tom; Dwyer, Stephen F.; Lindau, William (Lindau Companies, Inc., Hudson, WI); Harper, Alan (City of Madison, WI)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Effect of incorporating cellulose nanocrystals from corncob on the tensile, thermal and barrier properties of poly(vinyl alcohol) nanocomposites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of incorporating cellulose nanocrystals fromcorncob (CNC) on the tensile, thermal, and barrier properties of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) nanocomposites was evaluated. The CNC were prepared by sulfuric acid hydrolysis at 45C for 60 minutes, ...

Hudson Alves Silvrio, Wilson Pires Flauzino Neto, Daniel Pasquini

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Hr. Michael Esposito Audio-Tex Industries, Incorporated 4555 West Addison Street  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

-- -- Hr. Michael Esposito Audio-Tex Industries, Incorporated 4555 West Addison Street Chicago, Illinois 60641 Dear Mr. Esposito: Enclosed is a copy of the final survey report for your facility in Chicago,. Illinois , which is the site of the former ERA Tool & Engineering Company. The survey report documents the fact that the radiological condition of your facility is in compliance with applicable Department of Energy Guidelines and that no remedial action or further investigaticns are necessary. If you have any questions regarding the survey results or our dssociated actions, contact Mr. James Wagoner of my staff at 301-353-2802. Sincerely, James 3. Fiore, Director Division of Facility and Site Decommissioning Projects Office of Kuclear Energy

391

Microsoft Word - Satchwell Analytical Frameworks to Incorporate DR FINAL for RCO.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analytical Frameworks to Analytical Frameworks to Incorporate Demand Response in Long-term Resource Planning Andrew Satchwell 1 and Ryan Hledik 2 1 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 2 The Brattle Group Environmental Energy Technologies Division September 2013 Preprint of article submitted to Utilities Policy Journal. The work described in this report was funded by the National Electricity Delivery Division of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability under Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither

392

Wind Developer's Perspective on Incorporating Wind in Cap and Trade Program  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Developer's Perspective Developer's Perspective on Incorporating Wind in Cap & Trade Programs January 12, 2006 Kevin Rackstraw Clipper Windpower, Inc. Clipper Windpower, Inc. 301/263 301/263- -0028 0028 krackstraw@clipperwind.com krackstraw@clipperwind.com About Clipper Windpower * Founded by James Dehlsen, a wind energy pioneer and recognized world leader in the wind industry, and founder of the company that is now GE Wind * Team is one of the most experienced in the business * Both a developer of wind projects and manufacturer of large wind turbines * Over $1.5 billion of wind projects developed * Another $4 billion of wind projects in the development pipeline Motivations * Emissions reduction claims: * In cap and trade states, neither we nor our marketers can state that we reduce capped emissions w/out allowances

393

ORNL/TM-11118 RESULTS OF THE RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY AT METPATH INCORPORATED,  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

TM-11118 TM-11118 RESULTS OF THE RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY AT METPATH INCORPORATED, 1 MALCOLM AVENUE, TETERBORO, NEW JERSEY (TJOO3) FL D. Foley L. M. Floyd, Printed in the United States of America. Available from National Technical Information Serwce U.S. Department of Commerce I 5265 Port Royal Road. Springfield, Virginia 22161 NTIS price codes-Printed Copy:A03 Microfiche A01 This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an 8ge"cy of the UnitedSlaterGovernmenl.NeithertheUnitedStatesGovernmen~no,anyagency thereof. nor any 01 their employees. makes any warranty. express 0, implied. 0, assumes any legal liabhty or responsibility lo, the accuracy. completeness. 0, UJB~U~WSJ of any information. apparatus. product. or process disClosed. or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein

394

Investigation of Molecular Magnetic Compounds Incorporating 4d and 5d Transition Metal Cyanometallates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The field of molecular magnetism has expanded rapidly since the discovery of single molecule magnets (SMMs) in the 1990s and has witnessed extraordinary advances in the last several decades. One of the current trends in molecular magnetic research is to incorporate metal ions that have pronounced single-ion anisotropy in an effort to improve magnetic exchange interactions. The 4d and 5d transition metal ions have large spin-orbit coupling parameters which contribute to the orbital angular momentum effects that lead to anisotropic behavior. The work herein describes efforts to synthesize and characterize new cyanide-bridged molecular materials incorporating 4d and 5d transition metal ions, specifically the [Os(CN)_(6)]^(3-), [Mo(CN)_(6)]^(3-) and [W(CN)_(8)]^(3-) ions. The 5d hexacyanometallate [Os(CN)_(6)]^(3-) was incorporated into a trinuclear cyanide bridged molecule and the [Fe(CN)_(6)]^(3-) analog was prepared as a reference compound for assessing the effect of the 5d versus 3d metal ion on the magnetic properties. Both molecules exhibit SMM bistability with a pronounced increase (~90 %) in the blocking temperature (TB) of the OsIII analogue. In addition to typical SMM behavior, both compounds exhibit exchange-biased SMM behavior, a shift in the quantum tunneling of the magnetization (QTM) from zero field. This exchange-bias can be turned on or off depending on the presence of interstitial methanol molecules. New trigonal bipyramidal (TBP) molecules incorporating the rarely studies hexacyanomolybdate(III) ion are presented in chapter III of this dissertation. The molecules of general formula [M(tmphen)_(2)]_(3)[Mo(CN)_(6)]_(2) (M = V^(II), Mn^(II) and Fe^(II); tmphen = 3,4,7,8-tetramethyl-1,10-phenanthroline), represent additions to a large homologous family of TBP molecules reported by the Dunbar group over the years. The [Mo(CN)_(6)]^(3-) ion was prepared in situ by loss of one cyanide ligand from [Mo(CN)_(7)]^(4-). Of particular interest among the compounds reported is the V_(3)Mo_(2) analog which exhibits extraordinarily strong antiferromagnetic coupling (estimated J = -134 cm^(-1). The observed exchange coupling parameter is more than twice the current record for the antiferromagnetic coupling parameter for a cyanide-bridged magnetic molecule. Another set of results were obtained using the octacyanometallate anion [WV(CN)_(8)]^(3-) as a building block for the synthesis and magnetic studies of a family of new cyanide-bridged magnetic materials. The compounds exhibit several different structural motifs including three 0-D molecular compounds (two pentanuclear molecules and a linear trinuclear molecule) and a 1-D chain, findings that illustrate the structural versatility of the octacyanotungstate(V) ions. The TBP molecule, [Mn(tmphen)_(2)]_(3)[W(CN)_(8)]_(2), exhibits evidence for an out-of-phase signal when subjected to ac measurements in zero applied field. The 1-D chain also reveals evidence for the beginning of an out-of-phase signal under zero applied field which hints at single chain magnet behavior.

Southerland, Heather Irene

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Incorporating ecological risk assessment into remedial investigation/feasibility study work plans  

SciTech Connect

This guidance document (1) provides instructions on preparing the components of an ecological work plan to complement the overall site remedial investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) work plan and (2) directs the user on how to implement ecological tasks identified in the plan. Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA), as amended by the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA), and RI/FS work plan will have to be developed as part of the site-remediation scoping process. Specific guidance on the RI/FS process and the preparation of work plans has been developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA 1988a). This document provides guidance to US Department of Energy (DOE) staff and contractor personnel for incorporation of ecological information into environmental remediation planning and decision making at CERCLA sites.

Not Available

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Incorporating Radiation Effects into Edge Plasma Transport Models with Extended Atomic Data Tables  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plasmas at the tokamak edge can be very optically thick to hydrogen resonance lines. The resulting strong line radiation can significantly affect the ionization and energy balance in these plasmas. One method of account for effects is to self-consistently couple a partially ionized plasma transport model with a nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE) model incorporating line radiation transfer. This approach has been implemented in one dimension, but would be computationally challenging and expensive to implement in multiple dimensions. Approximate treatments of radiation transfer can decrease the computational time, but would still require coupling to a multidimensional plasma transport model to address realistic geometries, e.g. the tokamak divertor. Here, we consider the development of atomic hydrogen data tables that include radiation interactions and can be easily applied to multidimensional geometries.

Scott, H A; Adams, M L

2004-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

397

Incorporation of Novel Nanostructured Materials into Solar Cells and Nanoelectronic Devices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Each of the investigators on this project has had significant accomplishments toward the production of semiconductor nanoparticles, particles, and thin films and attempts to incorporate these materials into photovoltaics or sensors; to use them for improving fluorescence diagnostics; or to employ them as cancer fighting agents. The synthesis and characterization of the nanomaterials, and more recently the device construction and testing of these materials, have been the subject of several publications and presentations by team members. During the course of the investigations, several students were fully involved as part of their graduate and undergraduate training. The nature of these projects in material development dictates that the students have gained significant experience in a diverse array of material-related topics.

Rodriguez, Rene; Pak, Joshua; Holland, Andrew; Hunt, Alan; Bitterwolf, Thomas; Qiang, You; Bergman, Leah; Berven, Christine; Punnoose, Alex; Tenne, Dmitri

2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

398

Incorporation of catalytic dehydrogenation into fischer-tropsch synthesis to significantly reduce carbon dioxide emissions  

SciTech Connect

A new method of producing liquid transportation fuels from coal and other hydrocarbons that significantly reduces carbon dioxide emissions by combining Fischer-Tropsch synthesis with catalytic dehydrogenation is claimed. Catalytic dehydrogenation (CDH) of the gaseous products (C1-C4) of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) can produce large quantities of hydrogen while converting the carbon to multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT). Incorporation of CDH into a FTS-CDH plant converting coal to liquid fuels can eliminate all or most of the CO.sub.2 emissions from the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction that is currently used to elevate the H.sub.2 level of coal-derived syngas for FTS. Additionally, the FTS-CDH process saves large amounts of water used by the WGS reaction and produces a valuable by-product, MWCNT.

Huffman, Gerald P.

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

399

Incorporation of 4d and 5d Transition Metal Cyanometallates into Magnetic Clusters and Materials.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The work presented herein describes efforts to synthesize and characterize new types of cyanide-bridged molecular materials encompassing both discrete clusters and extended solids. This investigation focused on the incorporation of anisotropic 4d and 5d transition metal ion building blocks into such materials. In this vein, systematic studies on the magnetic properties of families of these cyano-bridges species were conducted and these new materials represent a new addition to the field of cyanide chemistry incorporating for the first time the hexacyanometallates of [Ru(CN)6]3- and [Os(CN)6]3- into discrete molecules and extended networks. These compounds will serve as models for new theoretical studies in understanding the role of magnetic exchange interactions, both isotropic and anisotropic, in the study of nanomagnetic materials. Results were obtained from using the well known octacyanometallates of MoV and WV as building blocks for the synthesis and the magnetic investigation of both trigonal bipyramidal and pentadecanuclear clusters including the discovery of a new SMM. By expanding the research to previously unused hexacyanometallates, the synthesis and characterization of the first known examples of clusters based on hexacyanoosmate(III) and hexacyanoruthenate(III) building blocks and their use in preparing new theoretical models of magnetic species. A novel pair of clusters is further detailed in the study of the trigonal bipyramidal clusters of [Fe(tmphen)2]3[Os(CN)6]2 and [Fe(tmphen)2]3[Ru(CN)6]2 and an in depth study of the CTIST behavior of these clusters using Mossbauer spectroscopy, variable temperature crystallography, epr, and variable temperature IR measurements. Finally, this work discusses new magnetic Prussian Blue analogs prepared from the hexacyanoosmate(III) and hexacyanoruthenate(III) anions with a comparison to the trigonal bipyramidal clusters presented based on these hexacyanoosmate(III) and hexacyanoruthenate(III) building blocks.

Hilfiger, Matthew Gary

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

A multi-objective optimization approach with consideration of fuzzy variables applied to structural tire design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this contribution, a structural design concept, suitable for the application to passenger car tire development process is proposed. The focus is set on one hand on providing an appropriate multi-objective optimization approach, enabling the consideration ... Keywords: Finite element simulation, Metamodels, Multi-objective optimization, Robustness, Tire design, Uncertainty

Aleksandra Serafinska; Michael Kaliske; Christoph Zopf; Wolfgang Graf

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporating biodiversity considerations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Renewable Energy Procurement and Enforcement Plans Proposed for Consideration on December 6, 2011.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Renewable Energy Procurement and Enforcement Plans Proposed for Consideration on December 6, 2011. On April 12, 2011, Governor Brown signed into law Senate Bill (SB) 1X2, establishing a new Renewable of renewables that load serving entities must procure through 2020 ranging from 20% of retail sales by 2013

402

Under consideration for publication in J. Fluid Mech. 1 Liquid-solid impacts with compressible gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under consideration for publication in J. Fluid Mech. 1 Liquid-solid impacts with compressible gas: The role played by gas compressibility in gas cushioned liquid-solid impacts is investigated within a viscous gas and inviscid liquid regime. A full analysis of the en- ergy conservation in the gas

Purvis, Richard

403

Under consideration for publication in J. Fluid Mech. 1 Evaporation and combustion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under consideration for publication in J. Fluid Mech. 1 Evaporation and combustion of thin films the tendency to destabilize the planar interface, combustion acts to reduce this effect. In particular, when the heat release by combustion is substantial, all disturbances are obliterated, the film remains nearly

404

Modeling considerations in static and dynamic voltage stability studies of shipboard power systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Better modeling is a key issue to system analysis and emulating real system performances accurately. This paper addresses modeling considerations and approaches to be taken for voltage stability analysis. Two approaches, static and dynamic analysis, ... Keywords: PSCAD, dynamic analysis, numerical integration method, static analysis, voltage stability

Minglan Lin; Anurag K. Srivastava; Noel N. Schulz

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Design and life-cycle considerations for unconventional-reservoir wells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides an overview of design and life-cycle considerations for certain unconventional-reservoir wells. An overview of unconventional-reservoir definitions is provided. Well design and life-cycle considerations are addressed from three aspects: upfront reservoir development, initial well completion, and well-life and long-term considerations. Upfront-reservoir-development issues discussed include well spacing, well orientation, reservoir stress orientations, and tubular metallurgy. Initial-well-completion issues include maximum treatment pressures and rates, treatment diversion, treatment staging, flowback and cleanup, and dewatering needs. Well-life and long-term discussions include liquid loading, corrosion, refracturing and associated fracture reorientation, and the cost of abandonment. These design considerations are evaluated with case studies for five unconventional-reservoir types: shale gas (Barnett shale), tight gas (Jonah feld), tight oil (Bakken play), coalbed methane (CBM) (San Juan basin), and tight heavy oil (Lost Hills field). In evaluating the life cycle and design of unconventional-reservoir wells, 'one size' does not fit all and valuable knowledge and a shortening of the learning curve can be achieved for new developments by studying similar, more-mature fields.

Miskimins, J.L. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

406

Design considerations of sub-mW indoor light energy harvesting for wireless sensor systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For most wireless sensor networks, one common and major bottleneck is the limited battery lifetime. The frequent maintenance efforts associated with battery replacement significantly increase the system operational and logistics cost. Unnoticed power ... Keywords: Design consideration, PV cells wireless sensor node, energy harvesting, indoor light illuminance, maximum power point tracking, supercapacitor

W. S. Wang; T. O'Donnell; N. Wang; M. Hayes; B. O'Flynn; C. O'Mathuna

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Cloud computing: Its history of development, modern state, and future considerations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article, the author describes the history of the development, modern state, and future considerations of cloud (diffused) computing as one of the modern innovative technologies. The models of cloud computing and its advantages and disadvantages ... Keywords: cloud computing, cloud data processing, community cloud, information technology, innovative technology, operating system, private cloud, public cloud

V. V. Arutyunov

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Design considerations for solar industrial process heat systems: nontracking and line focus collector technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Items are listed that should be considered in each aspect of the design of a solar industrial process heat system. The collector technologies covered are flat-plate, evacuated tube, and line focus. Qualitative design considerations are stressed rather than specific design recommendations. (LEW)

Kutscher, C.F. (ed.)

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY ALLIEDSIGNAL, INC. (ALLIEDSIGNAL) FOR AN ADVANCE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(ALLIEDSIGNAL) FOR AN ADVANCE (ALLIEDSIGNAL) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER ITS SUBCONTRACT WITH SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED (SOLAR) UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO. DE-AC02-92CE40960; W(A)-93-021; CH-0781 AlliedSignal Aerospace Company, now AlliedSignal, Inc. (AlliedSignal), has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions of its employees under a subcontract it expects to enter under DOE's prime contract with Solar Turbines Incorporated (Solar) for the development of a ceramic stationary gas turbine under contract No. DE-AC02-92CE40960. A copy of AlliedSignal's waiver petition is attached for reference. AlliedSignal has agreed to begin work under its subcontract with the contingency that its obligation to continue performance under the subcontract will be subject to DOE granting an initial waiver of rights

410

A Logical Approach to Incorporating Qualitative Spatial Reasoning into GIS (Extended Abstract)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Brandon Bennett, Anthony G. Cohn and Amar Isli School of Computer Studies University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, England fbrandon,agc,islig@scs.leeds.ac.uk The paper explores the application to GIS of formal logical representations and reasoning algorithms for manipulating qualitative spatial information. We consider a number of different formal representations from the point of view of expressive power, `naturalness' and computational tractability. We find that, whilst there are tradeoffs between these properties, it it is possible to compute effectively with a quite expressive set of spatial relations. Specifically by using an encoding into intuitionistic propositional logic (Bennett 1994) it is possible to construct a decision procedure for a large vocabulary of topological relations, which runs in polynomial time (Nebel 1995). A considerably more expressive and arguably more natural representation is provided by the 1st-order Region Connection Calculus (RCC) (Randell, Cui and Cohn ...

Brandon Bennett; On Bennett; Anthony G. Cohn; Amar Isli

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Live Working Considerations in Design and Construction of Overhead Transmission Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Live working (LW) on overhead transmission lines is the performance of maintenance, construction, and inspection of equipment and circuits that are energized or that may become energized. This report discusses aspects of design and construction of overhead transmission lines that are important to (LW) and examines design modifications that can significantly impact the safe, efficient, and cost-effective performance of LW. This guidance should help line designers identify ways to incorporate the ...

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

412

Incorporation of HPAC 5.0 Transport Phenomenology to RASCAL's Radiological Releases  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to describe the incorporation of DTRA's HPAC (Hazard Prediction and Assessment Capability) code under the NRC's code RASCAL (Radiological Assessment System for Consequence AnaLysis). The current version of RASCAL (version 3.0.5) evaluates releases from: nuclear power plants, spent fuel storage pools and casks, fuel cycle facilities, and radioactive material handling facilities. It appears to be a single piece of software; however, it is a set of inter-linked modules. These elements include: (1) Source term: this module calculates a time-dependent source term, which for nuclear power plants, is composed of about 50 radionuclides including parents and daughters; (2) Meteorological data processor: this module interrupts weather observations and forecasts along with local topography to generate time-dependent wind fields used in the transport of the plume; (3) Atmospheric transport and diffusion: this module uses the wind fields with a two-dimensional Gaussian puff model to transport the plume downwind and to calculate concentrations of each radionuclide as a function of time and location; (4) Dose calculator: this module calculates various types of doses resulting from airborne releases (TEDE, thyroid, acute, etc.) to individuals at each location from three dose pathways--inhalation, cloudshine, and groundshine. It also calculates the longer-term intermediate phase doses from deposited radionuclides. The calculations are completely consistent with the EPA protective action guide manual and the methods adopted by the Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center (FRMAC); (5) Display of results: this module allows the user to display a wide variety of calculated results as either a picture of the plume footprint on a map background for each of the result types or as numeric table; and (6) Uranium hexafluoride module: for uranium hexafluoride releases, RASCAL contains a heavy gas model to account for the exothermic reaction with air and gravitational slumping of the plume. In summary, the incorporation of HPAC transport methodology under RASCAL provides for a much more defined prediction of the dispersion of the radiological material as well as the latest dose conversion factors following a postulated accident.

Sanders, Robert Lon [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

A generalized linear-quadratic model incorporating reciprocal time pattern of radiation damage repair  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: It has been conventionally assumed that the repair rate for sublethal damage (SLD) remains constant during the entire radiation course. However, increasing evidence from animal studies suggest that this may not the case. Rather, it appears that the repair rate for radiation-induced SLD slows down with increasing time. Such a slowdown in repair would suggest that the exponential repair pattern would not necessarily accurately predict repair process. As a result, the purpose of this study was to investigate a new generalized linear-quadratic (LQ) model incorporating a repair pattern with reciprocal time. The new formulas were tested with published experimental data. Methods: The LQ model has been widely used in radiation therapy, and the parameter G in the surviving fraction represents the repair process of sublethal damage with T{sub r} as the repair half-time. When a reciprocal pattern of repair process was adopted, a closed form of G was derived analytically for arbitrary radiation schemes. The published animal data adopted to test the reciprocal formulas. Results: A generalized LQ model to describe the repair process in a reciprocal pattern was obtained. Subsequently, formulas for special cases were derived from this general form. The reciprocal model showed a better fit to the animal data than the exponential model, particularly for the ED50 data (reduced {chi}{sup 2}{sub min} of 2.0 vs 4.3, p = 0.11 vs 0.006), with the following gLQ parameters: {alpha}/{beta} = 2.6-4.8 Gy, T{sub r} = 3.2-3.9 h for rat feet skin, and {alpha}/{beta} = 0.9 Gy, T{sub r} = 1.1 h for rat spinal cord. Conclusions: These results of repair process following a reciprocal time suggest that the generalized LQ model incorporating the reciprocal time of sublethal damage repair shows a better fit than the exponential repair model. These formulas can be used to analyze the experimental and clinical data, where a slowing-down repair process appears during the course of radiation therapy.

Huang, Zhibin; Mayr, Nina A.; Lo, Simon S.; Wang, Jian Z.; Jia Guang; Yuh, William T. C.; Johnke, Roberta [Department of Radiation Oncology, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27834 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Department of Radiology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, 27834 (United States)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

414

Incorporating Equipment Condition Assessment in Risk Monitors for Advanced Small Modular Reactors  

SciTech Connect

Advanced small modular reactors (aSMRs) can complement the current fleet of large light-water reactors in the USA for baseload and peak demand power production and process heat applications (e.g., water desalination, shale oil extraction, hydrogen production). The day-to-day costs of aSMRs are expected to be dominated by operations and maintenance (O&M); however, the effect of diverse operating missions and unit modularity on O&M is not fully understood. These costs could potentially be reduced by optimized scheduling, with risk-informed scheduling of maintenance, repair, and replacement of equipment. Currently, most nuclear power plants have a living probabilistic risk assessment (PRA), which reflects the as-operated, as-modified plant and combine event probabilities with population-based probability of failure (POF) for key components. Risk monitors extend the PRA by incorporating the actual and dynamic plant configuration (equipment availability, operating regime, environmental conditions, etc.) into risk assessment. In fact, PRAs are more integrated into plant management in todays nuclear power plants than at any other time in the history of nuclear power. However, population-based POF curves are still used to populate fault trees; this approach neglects the time-varying condition of equipment that is relied on during standard and non-standard configurations. Equipment condition monitoring techniques can be used to estimate the component POF. Incorporating this unit-specific estimate of POF in the risk monitor can provide a more accurate estimate of risk in different operating and maintenance configurations. This enhanced risk assessment will be especially important for aSMRs that have advanced component designs, which dont have an available operating history to draw from, and often use passive design features, which present challenges to PRA. This paper presents the requirements and technical gaps for developing a framework to integrate unit-specific estimates of POF into risk monitors, resulting in enhanced risk monitors that support optimized operation and maintenance of aSMRs.

Coble, Jamie B.; Coles, Garill A.; Meyer, Ryan M.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Incorporation of Integral Fuel Burnable Absorbers Boron and Gadolinium into Zirconium-Alloy Fuel Clad Material  

SciTech Connect

Long-lived fuels require the use of higher enrichments of 235U or other fissile materials. Such high levels of fissile material lead to excessive fuel activity at the beginning of life. To counteract this excessive activity, integral fuel burnable absorbers (IFBA) are added to some rods in the fuel assembly. The two commonly used IFBA elements are gadolinium, which is added as gadolinium-oxide to the UO2 powder, and boron, which is applied as a zirconium-diboride coating on the UO2 pellets using plasma spraying or chemical vapor deposition techniques. The incorporation of IFBA into the fuel has to be performed in a nuclear-regulated facility that is physically separated from the main plant. These operations tend to be very costly because of their small volume and can add from 20 to 30% to the manufacturing cost of the fuel. Other manufacturing issues that impact cost and performance are maintaining the correct levels of dosing, the reduction in fuel melting point due to gadolinium-oxide additions, and parasitic neutron absorption at fuel's end-of-life. The goal of the proposed research is to develop an alternative approach that involves incorporation of boron or gadolinium into the outer surface of the fuel cladding material rather than as an additive to the fuel pellets. This paradigm shift will allow for the introduction of the IFBA in a non-nuclear regulated environment and will obviate the necessity of additional handling and processing of the fuel pellets. This could represent significant cost savings and potentially lead to greater reproducibility and control of the burnable fuel in the early stages of the reactor operation. The surface alloying is being performed using the IBEST (Ion Beam Surface Treatment) process developed at Sandia National Laboratories. IBEST involves the delivery of energetic ion beam pulses onto the surface of a material, near-surface melting, and rapid solidification. The non-equilibrium nature of such processing allows for surface alloying well in excess of the thermodynamically dictated solubility limits, an effect that is particularly relevant to this research due to the negligible solubility of boron and gadolinium in zirconium. University of Wisconsin is performing the near surface materials characterization and analysis, aiding Sandia in process optimization, and promoting educational activities. Westinghouse is performing process manufacturability and scale-up analysis and is performing autoclave testing of the surface treated samples. The duration of this NERI project is 2 years, from 9/2002 to 9/2004.

Sridharan, K.; Renk, T.J.; Lahoda, E.J.; Corradini, M.L

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

416

Sulfur isotopic evidence for controls on sulfur incorporation in peat and coal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pyritic sulfur isotope [delta][sup 34]S values were used as a measure of two principal controls on sulfur incorporation in peat and coal: the availability of sulfate, and the activity of sulfate-reducing bacteria in the peat-forming mire. Relatively low [delta][sup 34]S values indicated an open system with a relatively abundant supply of sulfate that exceeded the rate of sulfate reduction to sulfide, whereas relatively high [delta][sup 34]S values indicated a closed system with a more limited supply of sulfate. For example, in the high-sulfur (>3% S), Holocene deposits of Mud Lake, Florida, pyritic sulfur [delta][sup 34]S values decreasing sharply across the transition from peat to the overlying lacustrine sapropel, which corresponds to an increased supply of sulfate from the lake waters. Likewise, syngenetic pyrite in the high-sulfur Minto coal bed (Pictou Group, Westphalian C) in New Brunswick, Canada, show up to 10% negative shifts in [delta][sup 34]S in attrital layers containing detrital quartz and illite, consistent with an increased supply of sulfate from streams entering the peat-forming mire. In contrast, positive pyritic sulfur [delta][sup 34]S values in high-sulfur, channel-fill coal beds (lower Breathitt Formation, Middle Pennsylvanian) in eastern Kentucky indicate that a steady supply of sulfate was exhausted by very active microbial sulfate reduction in the channel-fill peat.

Spiker, E.C.; Bates, A.L. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States))

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Stochastic modelling of landfill leachate and biogas production incorporating waste heterogeneity. Model formulation and uncertainty analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mathematical model simulating the hydrological and biochemical processes occurring in landfilled waste is presented and demonstrated. The model combines biochemical and hydrological models into an integrated representation of the landfill environment. Waste decomposition is modelled using traditional biochemical waste decomposition pathways combined with a simplified methodology for representing the rate of decomposition. Water flow through the waste is represented using a statistical velocity model capable of representing the effects of waste heterogeneity on leachate flow through the waste. Given the limitations in data capture from landfill sites, significant emphasis is placed on improving parameter identification and reducing parameter requirements. A sensitivity analysis is performed, highlighting the model's response to changes in input variables. A model test run is also presented, demonstrating the model capabilities. A parameter perturbation model sensitivity analysis was also performed. This has been able to show that although the model is sensitive to certain key parameters, its overall intuitive response provides a good basis for making reasonable predictions of the future state of the landfill system. Finally, due to the high uncertainty associated with landfill data, a tool for handling input data uncertainty is incorporated in the model's structure. It is concluded that the model can be used as a reasonable tool for modelling landfill processes and that further work should be undertaken to assess the model's performance.

Zacharof, A.I.; Butler, A.P

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Properties of concrete incorporating high volumes of ASTM Class F fly ash  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the results of research performed in developing high-volume fly ash (HVFA) concrete incorporating ASTM Type I cement and ASTM Class F fly ash from Big Brown Power Plant of TU Electric, Texas. In HVFA concrete, the proportion of fly ash was 58 percent by weight of the total cementitious materials, the water and cement content were kept low at 115 and 155 k g/M3 , respectively. A broad range of engineering properties was investigated including compressive strength, flexural strength, splitting-tensile strength, Young's modulus of elasticity, drying shrinkage, resistance to freeze-thaw cycling, pore structure and activation energy. A preliminary economic analysis was also performed on HVFA concrete. The HVFA concrete evaluated in this study had satisfactory workability and setting characteristics. It also exhibited excellent mechanical properties with satisfactory early age strength and good long-term strength development. The HVFA concrete had relatively low drying shrinkage and a very fine pore system. Excellent durability under freeze-thaw cycling was also found for the air-entrained HVFA concrete. Results from activation energy test show that strength gain of the HVFA concrete under isothermal curing conditions could be modeled appropriately using Plowman's logarithmic strength-age model. The relative strength-maturity relationship was established for the HVFA concrete containing various percentages of additional gypsum. The HVFA concrete investigated was determined to be cost effective. It was shown that about two and half dollars per cubic meter could be saved through savings on portland cement.

Li, Wei Tung

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Stability of uranium incorporated into Fe(hydr)oxides under fluctuating redox conditions  

SciTech Connect

Reaction pathways resulting in uranium bearing solids that are stable (i.e., having limited solubility) under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions will limit dissolved concentrations and migration of this toxin. Here we examine the sorption mechanism and propensity for release of uranium reacted with Fe (hydr)oxides under cyclic oxidizing and reducing conditions. Upon reaction of ferrihydrite with Fe(II) under conditions where aqueous Ca-UO{sub 2}-CO{sub 3} species predominate (3 mM Ca and 3.8 mM CO{sub 3}-total), dissolved uranium concentrations decrease from 0.16 mM to below detection limit (BDL) after 5 to 15 d, depending on the Fe(II) concentration. In systems undergoing 3 successive redox cycles (15 d of reduction followed by 5 d of oxidation) and a pulsed decrease to 0.15 mM CO{sub 3}-total, dissolved uranium concentrations varied depending on the Fe(II) concentration during the initial and subsequent reduction phases - U concentrations resulting during the oxic 'rebound' varied inversely with the Fe(II) concentration during the reduction cycle. Uranium removed from solution remains in the oxidized form and is found both adsorbed on and incorporated into the structure of newly formed goethite and magnetite. Our 15 results reveal that the fate of uranium is dependent on anaerobic/aerobic conditions, aqueous uranium speciation, and the fate of iron.

Stewart, B.D.; Nico, P.S.; Fendorf, S.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Incorporating Wind Generation Forecast Uncertainty into Power System Operation, Dispatch, and Unit Commitment Procedures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this paper, an approach to evaluate the uncertainties of the balancing capacity, ramping capability, and ramp duration requirements is proposed. The approach includes three steps: forecast data acquisition, statistical analysis of retrospective information, and prediction of grid balancing requirements for a specified time horizon and a given confidence level. Assessment of the capacity and ramping requirements is performed using a specially developed probabilistic algorithm based on histogram analysis, incorporating sources of uncertainty of both continuous (wind and load forecast errors) and discrete (forced generator outages and start-up failures) nature. A new method called the "flying-brick" technique is developed to evaluate the look-ahead required generation performance envelope for the worst case scenario within a user-specified confidence level. A self-validation process is used to validate the accuracy of the confidence intervals. To demonstrate the validity of the developed uncertainty assessment methods and its impact on grid operation, a framework for integrating the proposed methods with an EMS system is developed. Demonstration through integration with an EMS system illustrates the applicability of the proposed methodology and the developed tool for actual grid operation and paves the road for integration with EMS systems from other vendors.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Etingov, Pavel V.; Huang, Zhenyu; Ma, Jian; Subbarao, Krishnappa

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

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421

Incorporating Uncertainty of Wind Power Generation Forecast into Power System Operation, Dispatch, and Unit Commitment Procedures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach to evaluate the uncertainties of the balancing capacity, ramping capability, and ramp duration requirements is proposed. The approach includes three steps: forecast data acquisition, statistical analysis of retrospective information, and prediction of grid balancing requirements for a specified time horizon and a given confidence level. An assessment of the capacity and ramping requirements is performed using a specially developed probabilistic algorithm based on histogram analysis, incorporating sources of uncertainty - both continuous (wind and load forecast errors) and discrete (forced generator outages and start-up failures). A new method called the 'flying-brick' technique is developed to evaluate the look-ahead required generation performance envelope for the worst case scenario within a user-specified confidence level. A self-validation process is used to validate the accuracy of the confidence intervals. To demonstrate the validity of the developed uncertainty assessment methods and its impact on grid operation, a framework for integrating the proposed methods with an EMS system is developed. Demonstration through EMS integration illustrates the applicability of the proposed methodology and the developed tool for actual grid operation and paves the road for integration with EMS systems in control rooms.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Huang, Zhenyu; Subbarao, Krishnappa

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

422

Improving Area Control Error Diversity Interchange (ADI) Program by Incorporating Congestion Constraints  

SciTech Connect

The area control error (ACE) determines how much a balancing authority (BA) needs to move its regulating units to meet mandatory control performance standard requirements. Regulation is an expensive resource that could cost several hundred million dollars a year for a BA. The amount of regulation needed in a system is increasing with more intermittent generation resources added to the system. The ACE diversity interchange (ADI) program provides a tool for reducing the regulation requirement by combining ACEs from several participating BAs followed by sharing the total ACE among all participating balancing areas. The effect is achieved as a result of the low statistical correlation between the original ACEs of participating BAs. A rule-based ADI approach has already been put into practice in the US Western Interconnection. The degree of actual ACE sharing is artificially limited because of the unknown redistribution of power flows and possible system congestion (these factors are not monitored in the existing ADI). This paper proposes a two-step linear programming (LP) ADI approach that incorporates congestion constraints. In the first step of the proposed LP ADI, the line transmission limits are enforced by setting up corresponding constraints. In the second step, the business fairness is pursued. Simulation is performed to compare the properties of the proposed LP ADI and the existing rule-based ADI. Favorable features, such as avoiding line limit violations and increasing the degree of possible ACE sharing, are observed for the proposed LP ADI.

Zhou, Ning; Etingov, Pavel V.; Makarov, Yuri V.; Guttromson, Ross T.; McManus, Bart

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

423

Incorporation of oxidized uranium into Fe (hydr)oxides during Fe(II) catalyzed remineralization  

SciTech Connect

The form of solid phase U after Fe(II) induced anaerobic remineralization of ferrihydrite in the presence of aqueous and absorbed U(VI) was investigated under both abiotic batch and biotic flow conditions. Experiments were conducted with synthetic ground waters containing 0.168 mM U(VI), 3.8 mM carbonate, and 3.0 mM Ca{sup 2+}. In spite of the high solubility of U(VI) under these conditions, appreciable removal of U(VI) from solution was observed in both the abiotic and biotic systems. The majority of the removed U was determined to be substituted as oxidized U (U(VI) or U(V)) into the octahedral position of the goethite and magnetite formed during ferrihydrite remineralization. It is estimated that between 3% and 6% of octahedral Fe(III) centers in the new Fe minerals were occupied by U(VI). This site specific substitution is distinct from the non-specific U co-precipitation processes in which uranyl compounds, e.g. uranyl hydroxide or carbonate, are entrapped with newly formed Fe oxides. The prevalence of site specific U incorporation under both abiotic and biotic conditions and the fact that the produced solids were shown to be resistant to both extraction (30 mM KHCO{sub 3}) and oxidation (air for 5 days) suggest the potential importance of sequestration in Fe oxides as a stable and immobile form of U in the environment.

Nico, Peter S.; Stewart, Brandy D.; Fendorf, Scott

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Incorporating long-term climate change in performance assessment for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is developing the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in southeastern New Mexico for the disposal of transuranic wastes generated by defense programs. Applicable regulations (40 CFR 191) require the DOE to evaluate disposal-system performance for 10,000 yr. Climatic changes may affect performance by altering groundwater flow. Paleoclimatic data from southeastern New Mexico and the surrounding area indicate that the wettest and coolest Quaternary climate at the site can be represented by that at the last glacial maximum, when mean annual precipitation was approximately twice that of the present. The hottest and driest climates have been similar to that of the present. The regularity of global glacial cycles during the late Pleistocene confirms that the climate of the last glacial maximum is suitable for use as a cooler and wetter bound for variability during the next 10,000 yr. Climate variability is incorporated into groundwater-flow modeling for WIPP PA by causing hydraulic head in a portion of the model-domain boundary to rise to the ground surface with hypothetical increases in precipitation during the next 10,000 yr. Variability in modeled disposal-system performance introduced by allowing head values to vary over this range is insignificant compared to variability resulting from other causes, including incomplete understanding of transport processes. Preliminary performance assessments suggest that climate variability will not affect regulatory compliance.

Swift, P.N. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Baker, B.L. [Technadyne Engineering Consultants, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Economy, K. [Ecodynamics Research Associates, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Garner, J.W. [Applied Physics, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Helton, J.C. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States); Rudeen, D.K. [New Mexico Engineering Research Inst., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

425

Thermodynamic considerations in the stability of binary oxides for alternative gate dielectrics in complementary metal-oxide-semiconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamic Considerations in the Stability of BinaryIn this paper, a thermodynamic analysis of the proposedS CHLOM evaluated the thermodynamic stability of a large set

Stemmer, Susanne

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

The Food Behavior Considerations, Physical Activity Behavior Patterns, and Body Composition Indices of Adolescents in Puerto Rico.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to determine and describe the food behavior considerations, physical activity behavior patterns, and the body composition indices of school-age (more)

Vigo-Valentin, Alexander

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS. REQUEST BY ROHM AND HAAS COMPANY FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CONSIDERATIONS. CONSIDERATIONS. REQUEST BY ROHM AND HAAS COMPANY FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC36- 04G0014158 ENTITLED "NEW SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRIES FOR LOW VOC COATINGS"; W(A)-04-031; CH-1199 The Petitioner, Rohm and Haas Company (Rohm and Haas), has requested an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made under the above- identified contract by its employees and its subcontractors' employees, regardless of tier, except inventions made by subcontractors eligible to retain title to inventions, pursuant to P.L. 96-517, as amended, or National Laboratories. Rohm and Haas is leading ; teaming arrangement including Archer-Daniels-Midland Company (ADM) as its primEary subcontractor to

428

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY LUMILEDS LIGHTING, U.S. FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY LUMILEDS LIGHTING, U.S. FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC26-01NT41251; W(A)-02-005, CH-1089 The Petitioner, LumiLeds Lighting U.S. LLC (LumiLeds), was awarded this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Development of Key Technologies for White Lighting Based on LEDs". According to the State of Project Objectives attached to the waiver petition, the objective of the project is to improve the efficiency of III-N alloy light emitting diodes (LEDs) for use in white lighting. This will be accomplished by investigation of three areas: 1) the use of low defect density substrates to be used for the growth of standard and well

429

STATEivlENT OF CONSIDERATIONS ADVANC;E CLASS WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS FOR TECHNOLOGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STATEivlENT OF CONSIDERATIONS STATEivlENT OF CONSIDERATIONS ADVANC;E CLASS WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS FOR TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPED UNDER THE FUNDING ()PPORfVNITY ANNOUNCEMENT, "RECOVERY AC'r: GEOTHERMAL TECHNOL{)(JIES PROGRAtvL" I)E~FOA-OOOOl09; W(C)~2009'-0l6 This advance class waivc.:-t willexpeditc'i111plemcntatioilof tlle American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 ("Recovery Act") ami is intended to apply toinvclltions of all current and future recipients awarded under the first and second topic areas of the Funding Opp011unity Announcemenl (FOA), "Recovery ilct:Gemlumnal Techn%gies Program," regardless of tier, except recipientsdigible Loobhlin title pursuant to·P.I" 96- 517, as amended. and National.Laboratorics.

430

STATEMENTOF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S U.S.AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS IN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STATEMENTOF CONSIDERATIONS STATEMENTOF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S U.S.AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS IN CERTAIN IDENTIF IED IN VENTIONS TO JEFFERSON SCIENCE ASSOCIATES, LLC (JSA), MADE AND TO BE MADE IN THE COURSE OF OR UNDER CONTRACT DE- AC05-060R23177WITlf THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (DOE) FOR THE MANAGEMENT ANDOr ERATION OF THE THOMASJEFFERSONNATlONAL ACCELERATOR FACILITY, INCLUDING A CLASS ADVANCE WAIVER OF TITLE TO INVENTIONS MADE IN T H E PERFORMANCE OF COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENTS (CRADAS) ENTERED INTO BY JSA, PURSUANT TO CONTRACT DE-AC05-060R23177WITH DOE . W(C)-20 11-00 l[OR0-550] Background The Department of Energy (DOE) awarded Prime Contract No. DE-AC05-060R23177 (Prime Contract) to Jefferson Science Associates, LLC (JSA) for management and

431

Final Guidance for Consideration of Environmental Justice in CAA 309 Reviews  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidance for Consideration of Environmental Guidance for Consideration of Environmental Justice in Clean Air Act 309 Reviews US Environmental Protection Agency/Office of Federal Activities (2252A) July 1999 DISCLAIMER The mention of company or product names is not to be considered an endorsement by the U.S. Government or by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This document was prepared with the technical assistance of Science Applications International Corporation in partial fulfillment of EPA Contract 68-WE-0026, Work Assignment 72-IV. This policy guidance is intended only to improve the internal management of EPA's environmental justice programs as it relates to EPA reviews made under Section 309 of the Clean Air Act. It does not create any right, benefit or trust obligation either substantive or procedural, enforceable by any person, or

432

Using Renewable Energy Purchases to Achieve Institutional Carbon Goals: A Review of Current Practices and Considerations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Purchases to Achieve Institutional Carbon Goals: A Review of Current Practices and Considerations Lori Bird and Jenny Sumner Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-49938 January 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Using Renewable Energy Purchases to Achieve Institutional Carbon Goals: A Review of Current Practices and Considerations Lori Bird and Jenny Sumner Prepared under Task No. SA09.3102 Technical Report

433

STATEME'NT OF CONSIDERATIONS ADVANCE CLASS WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS FOR TECHNOLOGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STATEME'NT OF CONSIDERATIONS STATEME'NT OF CONSIDERATIONS ADVANCE CLASS WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS FOR TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPED UNDER DOE FUNDING AGREEMENTS RELATING TO DOE'S ENERGY INNOVATION HUBS-FUELS FROM SUNLIGHT; DOE FUNDING OPPORTUNITY ANNOUNCMENT DE-FOA-0000214; W(C)-09-021; CH1532 The Department of Energy Office of Science is providing federal assistance in the form of cooperative agreements, field work authorizations, interagency agreements, or Technology Investment Agreements (TlAs) for a new R&D structure-an Energy Innovation Hub that will foster unique scientific collaboration to rapidly drive energy solutions to their fundamental limits. An Energy Innovation Hub will comprise a highly collaborative team spanning multiple scientific, engineering. economics, and public-policy

434

EPA: Consideration of Cumulative Impacts in EPA Review of NEPA Documents  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Consideration Of Cumulative Impacts In EPA Review of Consideration Of Cumulative Impacts In EPA Review of NEPA Documents U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Federal Activities (2252A) EPA 315-R-99-002/May 1999 1. INTRODUCTION The combined, incremental effects of human activity, referred to as cumulative impacts, pose a serious threat to the environment. While they may be insignificant by themselves, cumulative impacts accumulate over time, from one or more sources, and can result in the degradation of important resources. Because federal projects cause or are affected by cumulative impacts, this type of impact must be assessed in documents prepared under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). The purpose of this guidance is to assist EPA reviewers of NEPA documents in providing accurate, realistic, and consistent

435

Sf Statement of Considerations REQUEST BY CATERPILLAR INC. FOR AN ADVANCE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sf Statement of Considerations Sf Statement of Considerations REQUEST BY CATERPILLAR INC. FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN RIGHTS IN SUBJECT INVENTIONS MADE IN THE COURSE OF OR UNDER DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACT NO. DE- FC05-970R22579; DOE WAIVER DOCKET W(A)-97-015 [ORO-659] Caterpillar, Inc. (Caterpillar) has made a timely request for an advance waiver to worldwide rights in Subject Inventions made in the course of or under Department of Energy (DOE) Contract No. DE-FC05-970R22579. The scope of the work calls for the development of zirconia toughened mullite (ZTM) cylinder head insert for low emission, high efficiency diesel engines. The work is sponsored by the Office of Transportation Technologies. The dollar amount of the contract is $1,079,056 with Caterpillar cost sharing $544,056,

436

STATEMENTOF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S U.S.AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS IN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STATEMENTOF CONSIDERATIONS STATEMENTOF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S U.S.AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS IN CERTAIN IDENTIF IED IN VENTIONS TO JEFFERSON SCIENCE ASSOCIATES, LLC (JSA), MADE AND TO BE MADE IN THE COURSE OF OR UNDER CONTRACT DE- AC05-060R23177WITlf THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (DOE) FOR THE MANAGEMENT ANDOr ERATION OF THE THOMASJEFFERSONNATlONAL ACCELERATOR FACILITY, INCLUDING A CLASS ADVANCE WAIVER OF TITLE TO INVENTIONS MADE IN T H E PERFORMANCE OF COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENTS (CRADAS) ENTERED INTO BY JSA, PURSUANT TO CONTRACT DE-AC05-060R23177WITH DOE . W(C)-20 11-00 l[OR0-550] Background The Department of Energy (DOE) awarded Prime Contract No. DE-AC05-060R23177 (Prime Contract) to Jefferson Science Associates, LLC (JSA) for management and

437

ST ATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY UNITED TECHNOLOGIES RESEARCH CENTER FOR AN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ST ATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS ST ATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY UNITED TECHNOLOGIES RESEARCH CENTER FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT DE-EE0003953; DOE WAIVER NO. W(A)2011-013; CH1596 The Petitioner, United Technologies Research Center (UTRC). has requested an Advance Waiver of the Government's domestic and foreign rights to inventions in the above cited research and development contract issued by DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). See attached UTRC's Petition, Answer 1. Subject of the R&D Contract Title: Integrated Whole Building Energy Diagnostics The objective of the contract is to develop and demonstrate a Whole-building energy management system (EMS) that integrated real-time energy fault detection and diagnostics

438

· STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY W. R. GRACE AND COMPANY FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY W. R. GRACE AND COMPANY FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE A WARD NO. DE-EE0004392 W(A) 2011-029 The Petitioner, W. R. Grace and Co. ("Grace"), has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions arising from its participation under the above- referenced award entitled "New Reactor Technology for Hydroprocessing Bio-fuels to Produce Gasoline, Diesel, and Jet Fuels." VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland is a subawardee to Grace, and is not subject to this waiver petition. VTT will supply feedstock oil to Grace and does not expect to need a patent waiver. If it does, VTT will submit aseparate petition. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) will

439

STATEMENT OF CONSIDE.RATIONS PETITION FOR ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS BY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CONSIDE.RATIONS CONSIDE.RATIONS PETITION FOR ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS BY SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION ("SCHLUMBERGER") UNDER GRANT NO. DE-FG36-08G018184 BETWEEN SCHLUMBERGERAND DOE; W(A)-09-010; CH-1474 The Petitioner, SCHLUMBERGER, has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions that may be conceived or first actually reduced to practice by SCHLUMBERGER arising from its participation under the above referenced cooperative agreement and subcontracts entered thereunder. The grant under which a waiver is requested is entitled "High Temperature ESP Monitoring." The objective of the project is development of a commercially viable high- temperature down-hole monitoring system for Enhanced Geothermal Applications.

440

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS New York Blue Supercomputer User Facility Class Waiver  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New York Blue Supercomputer User Facility Class Waiver New York Blue Supercomputer User Facility Class Waiver for Non-Proprietary and Proprietary Research W(C)-2008-007 This class waiver is intended to provide for the disposition of intellectual property rights for public and private organizations (hereinafter, Users) that are using the New York Blue (NYBlue) Supercomputing facility for research and commercial use. It is also intended that this class waiver will follow the considerations and terms of the user agreements spelled out in the two recently issued Proprietary and Non-proprietary Class Waivers for designated user facilities at DOE laboratories, W(C)-2008-003 and 005. For the sake of economy, the considerations and user agreements contained in the 003 and 005 waivers will not be repeated verbatim in this class

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441

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATION REQUEST BY DOW CORNING CORPORATION (DOW CORNING) FOR AN ADVANCED  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CONSIDERATION CONSIDERATION REQUEST BY DOW CORNING CORPORATION (DOW CORNING) FOR AN ADVANCED WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC22-96PC96050-W(A)-96-026, CH-0915 The Petitioner, Dow Corning, was awarded this cooperative agreement in response to an unsolicited proposal for the engineering scale development of a process for the conversion of natural gas to methyl chloride. The Petitioner was selected based on its past experience in identifying an oxyhydrochlorination catalyst and separation process for this conversion. The initial phase of this work was performed under DOE Contract No. DE-AC22- 91PC91030. The Contracting Officer has found that the provisions of the 1992 Energy Policy Act P.L. 102-486 apply to this cooperative agreement and that the cost sharing requirement of

442

STATEMEN'f OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY INVENTOR FOR THE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STATEMEN'f OF CONSIDERATIONS STATEMEN'f OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY INVENTOR FOR THE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN RIGHTS TO AN TDENTIFrED INVENTION ENTITLED "LASER APPARATUS AND METHOD fOR MICROSCOPIC AND SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS AND PROCESSING OF BIOLOGICAL CELLS" USP 5,608,51 9, DEVELOPED UND ER DOE CONTRACT NO. DE- C04 -94AL85000; DO E INVENTION DISCLOSURE NO. S-81,512 (SD-5444); DOE WAIVER NO. W(I) 2011 -004; rv3 The Petitioner, Paul L. Gourley (co-Inv ntor), has requested a waiver of the Government's u divided one-ha lf interest .in domestic and foreign patent rights in a subject inventio entitled "Laser Apparat s and Method for Microscopic and Spectroscopic A .a'lysis and Processing of Biological Cells.·' The invention was conceived by the Petitioner while an employee of the Sandia Corporation (Sandia).

443

CONSIDERATIONS IN THE DESIGN OF UNDULATORS L. C. Teng A. Relevant Radiation Formulas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CONSIDERATIONS IN THE DESIGN OF UNDULATORS CONSIDERATIONS IN THE DESIGN OF UNDULATORS L. C. Teng A. Relevant Radiation Formulas LS-66 July 28, 1986 (1) The midplane field in an undu1ator is given approximately by where y = s = t Bo = coordinate in coordinate in B (s) Y direction direction undu1ator period length peak field of gap of beam The orbit wiggles in the transverse direction x perpendicular to y and s, and is given by where d prime = Ts x' = 2;P cos (2~ t) - x~ cos (2~ ~) o Po = }- (rigidity, Bp = ~ p, of beam). o The deflection parameter K is defined by x' K max. wiggle angle 0 = ~ - radiation angle - l/y 2~po where Y is the particle energy in rest energy, mc 2 , units. A device '" with K > 10 for which the radiation spectrum is more-or-1ess continuous is

444

Survey of considerations involved in introducing CANDU reactors into the United States  

SciTech Connect

The important issues that must be considered in a decision to utilize CANDU reactors in the U.S. are identified in this report. Economic considerations, including both power costs and fuel utilization, are discussed for the near and longer term. Safety and licensing considerations are reviewed for CANDU-PHW reactors in general. The important issues, now and in the future, associated with power generation costs are the capital costs of CANDUs and the factors that impact capital cost comparisons. Fuel utilization advantages for the CANDU depend upon assumptions regarding fuel recycle at present, but the primary issue in the longer term is the utilization of the thorium cycle in the CANDU. Certain safety features of the CANDU are identified as intrinsic to the concept and these features must be examined more fully regarding licensability in the U.S.

Till, C E; Bohn, E M; Chang, Y I; van Erp, J B

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

A review of prostate motion with considerations for the treatment of prostate cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The motion of the prostate gland can influence the efficacy of radiation therapy. This article examines the literature concerning prostate gland motion with considerations for the treatment of cancer. The objectives of this review include providing radiation oncologists, medical physicists, and dosimetrists with data to assist in determining the best treatment adaptation for individual patients. The prostate gland is not a static structure, but rather a dynamic structure and this should be a consideration in the treatment protocol. The treatment planning personnel must add a margin to the clinical treatment volume (CTV) radiation field to account for prostate motion and patient setup errors resulting in a planning treatment volume (PTV). The movement of the prostate in a radiation field with a small margin to protect the anterior rectum may allow the posterior aspect of the gland to escape the prescribed dose. Thus, an understanding of potential prostate movements in radiation therapy is critical to achieve tumor control and minimize radiation complications in patients.

Byrne, Thomas E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Thompson Cancer Survival Center, Knoxville, TN (United States)]. E-mail: tbyrne@covhlth.com

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

446

Scientific Considerations Related to Regulation Development for CO2 Sequestration in Brine Formations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SCIENTIFIC CONSIDERATIONS RELATED TO REGULATION SCIENTIFIC CONSIDERATIONS RELATED TO REGULATION DEVELOPMENT FOR CO 2 SEQUESTRATION IN BRINE FORMATIONS Chin-Fu Tsang (cftsang@lbl.gov; (510) 486-5782) Sally M. Benson (smbenson@lbl.gov; (510) 486-7071) Earth Sciences Division, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road, MS 90-1116, Berkeley, CA 94720 Bruce Kobelski (kobelski.bruce@epa.gov) Robert Smith (smith.robert-eu@epamail.epa.gov) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Drinking Water and Ground Water, Washington D.C. Introduction Reduction of atmospheric emissions of CO 2 (DOE, 1999a) through injection of CO 2 into in deep brine formations is being actively studied both in the U.S. and internationally. If this technology is to be employed broadly enough to make a significant impact on global

447

Quantum mechanical analogue of the zeroth law of thermodynamics. (On the problem of incorporating Thermodynamics into Quantum Theory)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This approach to the incorporation of stochastic thermodynamics into quantum theory is based on the conception of consistent inclusion of the holistic stochastic environmental influence described by wave functions of the arbitrary vacuum, which was proposed in our paper previously. In this study, we implement the possibility of explicitly incorporating the zeroth law of stochastic thermodynamics in the form of the saturated Schr\\"odinger uncertainty relation into quantum theory. This allows comparatively analyzing the sets of states of arbitrary vacuums, namely, squeezed coherent states (SCSs) and correlated coherent states (CCSs). In addition, we compare the results of the construction of stochastic thermodynamics using SCSs and TCCSs with the versions involving the incorporation of thermodynamics into quantum theory developed previously and based on thermofield dynamics and quantum statistical mechanics.

O. N. Golubjeva; A. D. Sukhanov

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

448

Considerations for the transition from fuel cell R D to manufacturing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper has discussed some considerations important to making a successful transition from R D to manufacturing. It has described a product commercialization framework and discussed the importance of business analyses, especially product cost analysis, in determining the future potential of an emerging technology. Careful attention to the major elements discussed in this report should help both developers and venture sponsors to reduce the risks inherent in new business ventures.

Cobb, M.S.; Meacham, G.B.K.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Considerations for the transition from fuel cell R&D to manufacturing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper has discussed some considerations important to making a successful transition from R&D to manufacturing. It has described a product commercialization framework and discussed the importance of business analyses, especially product cost analysis, in determining the future potential of an emerging technology. Careful attention to the major elements discussed in this report should help both developers and venture sponsors to reduce the risks inherent in new business ventures.

Cobb, M.S.; Meacham, G.B.K.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Considerations for a Standardized Test for Potential-Induced Degradation of Crystalline Silicon PV Modules (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Over the past decade, there have been observations of module degradation and power loss because of the stress that system voltage bias exerts. This results in part from qualification tests and standards note adequately evaluating for the durability of modules to the long-term effects of high voltage bias that they experience in fielded arrays. This talk deals with factors for consideration, progress, and information still needed for a standardized test for degradation due to system voltage stress.

Hacke, P.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS FOR HANDLING PLUTONIUM, URANIUM, THORIUM, THE ALKALI METALS, ZIRCONIUM, TITANIUM, MAGNESIUM, AND CALCIUM  

SciTech Connect

BS>This report compiles from various sources safety considerations for work with the special metals plutonium, uranium, thorium, the alkali group, magnesium, titanium, calcium, and zirconium. General criteria to be observed in handling all of these metals and their alloys are listed, as well as characteristics of individual metals with regard to health hazards, pyrophoricity, explosiveness, and other chemical reactions, in both handling and storage. (auth)

Stout, E.L. comp.

1957-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Steam Turbine and Generator Designs for Combined-Cycle Applications: Durability, Reliability, and Procurement Considerations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Combined-cycle power plants are currently preferred for new power generation capacity in much of the world, particularly in the United States. Steam turbines and electrical generators are vital components affecting plant performance and reliability. Over 90 percent of the world's combined-cycle steam turbines are provided by six major manufacturers: Alstom, General Electric, Siemens-Westinghouse, Mitsubishi, Toshiba, and Hitachi. This report provides information on their model offerings and consideration...

2003-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

453

Safety Valve Performance Considerations During High-Pressure Station Black-Out Severe Accidents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An assessment of the operating history and test performance of pressurizer safety valves (PSVs) and main steam safety valves (MSSVs) has led to new conclusions on their expected performance during high-pressure station blackout (SBO) severe accident conditions. This report updates conclusions documented in Volume I, focusing on thermal-hydraulic considerations surrounding the reactor coolant system response to an SBO and valve lifts during an SBO event. The report also reconsiders PSV and MSSV tests and ...

1998-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

454

Technical considerations in repowering a nuclear plant for fossil fueled operation  

SciTech Connect

Repowering involves replacement of the reactor by a fossil fuel source of steam. This source can be a conventional fossil fueled boiler or the heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) on a gas turbine exhaust. The existing steam turbine plant is used to the extent possible. Alternative fuels for repowering a nuclear plant are coal, natural gas and oil. In today`s world oil is not usually an alternative. Selection of coal or natural gas is largely a matter of availability of the fuel near the location of the plant. Both the fossil boiler and the HRSG produce steam at higher pressures and temperatures than the throttle conditions for a saturated steam nuclear turbine. It is necessary to match the steam conditions from the new source to the existing turbine as closely as possible. Technical approaches to achieve a match range from using a topping turbine at the front end of the cycle to attemperation of the throttle steam with feedwater. The electrical output from the repowered plant is usually greater than that of the original nuclear fueled design. This requires consideration of the ability to use the excess electricity. Interfacing of the new facility with the existing turbine plant requires consideration of facility layout and design. Site factors must also be considered, especially for a coal fired boiler, since rail and coal handling facilities must be added to a site for which these were not considered. Additional site factors that require consideration are ash handling and disposal.

Patti, F.J.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Incorporation of parametric uncertainty into complex kinetic mechanisms: Application to hydrogen oxidation in supercritical water  

SciTech Connect

In this study, uncertainty analysis is applied to a supercritical water hydrogen oxidation mechanism to determine the effect of uncertainties in reaction rate constants and species thermochemistry on predicted species concentrations. Forward rate constants and species thermochemistry are assumed to be the sole contributors to uncertainty in the reaction model with all other model parameters and inputs treated as deterministic quantities. Uncertainty propagation is performed using traditional Monte Carlo (MC) simulation and a new, more computationally efficient, probabilistic collocation method called the Deterministic Equivalent Modeling Method (DEMM). The results of both analyses show that there is considerable uncertainty in all predicted species concentrations. The predicted H{sub 2} and O{sub 2} concentrations vary {+-}70% from their median values. Similarly, the HO{sub 2} concentration ranges from +90 to {minus}70% of its median, while the H{sub 2}O{sub 2} concentration varies by +180 to {minus}80%. In addition, the DEMM methodology identified two key model parameters, the standard-state heat of formation of HO{sub 2} radical and the forward rate constant for H{sub 2}O{sub 2} dissociation, as the largest contributors to the uncertainty in the predicted hydrogen and oxygen species concentrations. The analyses further show that the change in model predictions due to the inclusion of real-gas effects, which are potentially important for SCWO process modeling, is small relative to the uncertainty introduced by the model parameters themselves.

Phenix, B.D.; Dinaro, J.L.; Tatang, M.A.; Tester, J.W.; Howard, J.B.; McRae, G.J. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Energy Lab.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Fuzzy linear programming based optimal fuel scheduling incorporating blending/transloading facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the blending/transloading facilities are modeled using an interactive fuzzy linear programming (FLP), in order to allow the decision-maker to solve the problem of uncertainty of input information within the fuel scheduling optimization. An interactive decision-making process is formulated in which decision-maker can learn to recognize good solutions by considering all possibilities of fuzziness. The application of the fuzzy formulation is accompanied by a careful examination of the definition of fuzziness, appropriateness of the membership function and interpretation of results. The proposed concept provides a decision support system with integration-oriented features, whereby the decision-maker can learn to recognize the relative importance of factors in the specific domain of optimal fuel scheduling (OFS) problem. The formulation of a fuzzy linear programming problem to obtain a reasonable nonfuzzy solution under consideration of the ambiguity of parameters, represented by fuzzy numbers, is introduced. An additional advantage of the FLP formulation is its ability to deal with multi-objective problems.

Djukanovic, M.; Babic, B.; Milosevic, B. [Electrical Engineering Inst. Nikola Tesla, Belgrade (Yugoslavia); Sobajic, D.J. [EPRI, Palo Alto, CA (United States). Power System Control; Pao, Y.H. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States)]|[AI WARE, Inc., Cleveland, OH (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Chronological Reliability Model Incorporating Wind Forecasts to Assess Wind Plant Reserve Allocation: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Over the past several years, there has been considerable development and application of wind forecasting models. The main purpose of these models is to provide grid operators with the best information available so that conventional power generators can be scheduled as efficiently and as cost-effectively as possible. One of the important ancillary services is reserves, which involves scheduling additional capacity to guard against shortfalls. In a recent paper, Strbac and Kirschen[1] proposed a method to allocate the reserve burden to generators. Although Milligan adapted this technique to wind plants[2], neither of these papers accounts for the wind forecast in the reliability calculation. That omission is rectified here. For the system studied in this paper, we found that a reserve allocation scheme using 1-hour forecasts results in a small allocation of system reserve relative to the rated capacity of the wind power plant. This reserve allocation is even smaller when geographically dispersed wind sites are used instead of a large single site.

Milligan, M. R.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Incorporating Active-learning into a Web-based Ethics Course  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report explores the development of interactive, web-based activities in a Computer Science course for majors that meets the requirements of the Computer Science Accreditation Commission (CSAC) for a course in computer ethics and social impact. Starting from a project to develop a digital library to support a longstanding course in "Professionalism in Computing", this web-based version has steadily evolved into a modular resource that permits teachers at other institutions to construct their own versions of an ethics and social impact course. For the past two years the passive nature of the digital library approach has been revised to incorporate active-learning concepts. While maintaining the belief that the teaching of ethics and social impact still requires some classroom interaction between participants and collaborative development activities, each topical module has been augmented by on-line active-learning plans that involve pre-class, in-class, and post-class projects. The preclass activities allow participants to gain a basic understanding of the topic prior to the class, to review assigned readings from the library, to surf the web for additional resources, and possibly to participate in an opinion survey that can be used as the basis for an in-class discussion. Post-class projects involve the application of learned concepts to the lives of the participants and the institution. An on-line debate system that emulates an "Oxford Union" style debate, forcing participants to clearly take pro or con positions on arguments, is an integral part of the course, though also available as an independent module. Used asynchronously, the debate system gives the opportunity for discussions to extend beyond the time limit of a class period, can involve several sections of...

John A. N. Lee

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Issues and methods in incorporating environmental externalities into the integrated resource planning process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a review of current practices and policies in considering environmental externalities in the integrated resource planning and performance based regulation (IRP/PBR) process. The following issues are presented and examined: What are the pros and cons of treating environmental externalities in the IRP process? How are potential future environmental regulations being treated? Are externalities being qualitatively or quantitatively considered, or monetized? Are offsets being allowed? How are externality policies being coordinated among different levels and branches of governments? Should environmental externalities be considered in dispatching a utility`s existing resources? What are the procedures for addressing uncertainty in incorporating environmental externalities into IRP? How are externalities valued? What are other approaches to addressing environmental externalities. This report describes seven major approaches for addressing environmental externalities in the IRP process: qualitative treatment, weighting and ranking, cost of control, damage function, percentage adders, monetization by emission, and multiattribute trade-off analysis. The discussion includes a taxonomy of the full range of alternative methods for addressing environmental externalities, a summary of state PUC actions, the role of state laws, the debate on environmental adders, and the choice of methodologies. In addition, this report characterizes the interests of stakeholders such as the electric industry, fuel suppliers, energy consumers, governmental agencies, public interest groups, consultants, and others. It appears that the views, positions, and interests of these stakeholders are affected by their perceptions of the potential impacts on their economic interests or the viability of their position on environmental policy, by the societal perspective they take, and by the orientation of the analysts toward market competition and their respective accumulated expertise.

Fang, J.M.; Galen, P.S.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Incorporation of system operation strategies in water rights modeling and analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the state of Texas. Effective management of this stochastic resource requires that the availability of water for various uses be estimated to a high degree of confidence. The availability of water is constrained by a variety of hydrologic, physical, environmental, and institutional factors. The adoption of the doctrine of prior appropriation by the state of Texas and the administration of the associated system of water rights places a significant institutional constraint upon the availability of water in the state. This thesis describes a generalized river basin simulation model (TAMUWRAP) capable of analyzing the hydrologic and institutional availability of water to specific users under a prior appropriative system of water rights. The model analyzes the availability of water to individual water rights considering system reservoir operations, return flows, hydroelectric power generation, negative incremental inflows between basin locations, and buffer zone operations. The model can also determine the availability of water to groups of water rights with multiple dates of priority and storage in multiple reservoirs. A case study applying TAMUWRAP to the Brazos River Basin in Texas is presented. The effects of various model options upon simulation results are demonstrated, concentrating on the system of reservoirs and water right permits owned by the Brazos River Authority. The effects of the incorporation of a system reservoir operating permit into the Texas water rights permit structure is investigated. Study results indicate that the Bmws River Authority benefits from conjunctive operation of its system of reservoir and might be able to increase its annual permitted diversion amount with a system permit.

Dunn, David Douglas

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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461

Incorporating uncertainties into risk assessment with an application to the exploratory studies facilities at Yucca Mountain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A methodology that incorporates variability and reducible sources of uncertainty into the probabilistic and consequence components of risk was developed. The method was applied to the north tunnel of the Exploratory Studies Facility at Yucca Mountain in Nevada. In this assessment, variability and reducible sources of uncertainty were characterized and propagated through the risk assessment models using a Monte Carlo based software package. The results were then manipulated into risk curves at the 5% and 95% confidence levels for both the variability and overall uncertainty analyses, thus distinguishing between variability and reducible sources of uncertainty. In the Yucca Mountain application, the designation of the north tunnel as an item important to public safety, as defined by 10 CFR 60, was determined. Specifically, the annual frequency of a rock fall breaching a waste package causing an off-site dose of 500 mrem (5x10{sup -3} Sv) was calculated. The annual frequency, taking variability into account, ranged from 1.9x10{sup -9} per year at the 5% confidence level to 2.5x10{sup -9} per year at the 95% confidence level. The frequency range after including all uncertainty was 9.5x10{sup -10} to 1.8x10{sup -8} per year. The maximum observable frequency, at the 100% confidence level, was 4.9x10{sup -8} per year. This is below the 10{sup -6} per year frequency criteria of 10 CFR 60. Therefore, based on this work, the north tunnel does not fall under the items important to public safety designation for the event studied.

Fathauer, P.M.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Effect of silicate modulus and metakaolin incorporation on the carbonation of alkali silicate-activated slags  

SciTech Connect

Accelerated carbonation is induced in pastes and mortars produced from alkali silicate-activated granulated blast furnace slag (GBFS)-metakaolin (MK) blends, by exposure to CO{sub 2}-rich gas atmospheres. Uncarbonated specimens show compressive strengths of up to 63 MPa after 28 days of curing when GBFS is used as the sole binder, and this decreases by 40-50% upon complete carbonation. The final strength of carbonated samples is largely independent of the extent of metakaolin incorporation