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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Prospects  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - SeptemberMicroneedles for4-16HamadaBaO/Al2O3 leanProposalConveyanceProspects for

2

A legislator`s guide to municipal solid waste management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this guide is to allow individual state legislators to gain a better understanding of municipal solid waste (MSW) management issues in general, and examine the applicability of these concerns to their state. This guide incorporates a discussion of MSW management issues and a comprehensive overview of the components of an integrated solid waste management system. Major MSW topics discussed include current management issues affecting states, federal activities, and state laws and local activities. Solid waste characteristics and management approaches are also detailed.

Starkey, D.; Hill, K.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

NAIHC 2015 Legislative Conference  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Hosted by the National American Indian Housing Council (NAIHC), the 20th Annual Legislative Conference offers Tribes a chance to take part in the decisions made by Congress and the Administration in Washington, D.C.

4

Predictive Treatment Management: Incorporating a Predictive Tumor Response Model Into Robust Prospective Treatment Planning for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: We hypothesized that a treatment planning technique that incorporates predicted lung tumor regression into optimization, predictive treatment planning (PTP), could allow dose escalation to the residual tumor while maintaining coverage of the initial target without increasing dose to surrounding organs at risk (OARs). Methods and Materials: We created a model to estimate the geometric presence of residual tumors after radiation therapy using planning computed tomography (CT) and weekly cone beam CT scans of 5 lung cancer patients. For planning purposes, we modeled the dynamic process of tumor shrinkage by morphing the original planning target volume (PTV{sub orig}) in 3 equispaced steps to the predicted residue (PTV{sub pred}). Patients were treated with a uniform prescription dose to PTV{sub orig}. By contrast, PTP optimization started with the same prescription dose to PTV{sub orig} but linearly increased the dose at each step, until reaching the highest dose achievable to PTV{sub pred} consistent with OAR limits. This method is compared with midcourse adaptive replanning. Results: Initial parenchymal gross tumor volume (GTV) ranged from 3.6 to 186.5 cm{sup 3}. On average, the primary GTV and PTV decreased by 39% and 27%, respectively, at the end of treatment. The PTP approach gave PTV{sub orig} at least the prescription dose, and it increased the mean dose of the true residual tumor by an average of 6.0 Gy above the adaptive approach. Conclusions: PTP, incorporating a tumor regression model from the start, represents a new approach to increase tumor dose without increasing toxicities, and reduce clinical workload compared with the adaptive approach, although model verification using per-patient midcourse imaging would be prudent.

Zhang, Pengpeng, E-mail: zhangp@mskcc.org [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Yorke, Ellen; Hu, Yu-Chi; Mageras, Gig [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Rimner, Andreas [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Deasy, Joseph O. [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Legislating Biofuels in the United States (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Legislation supporting U.S. biofuels production can help to reduce petroleum consumption and increase the nation's energy security.

Clark, W.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Federal / State Legislative & Regulatory Changes Required for...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Issues Federal and State Blending Restrictions Action by ASTM NCWM to address higher ethanol blends Federal State Legislative & Regulatory Changes Required for Introduction of...

7

Legislating Biofuels in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Legislating Biofuels in the United States Wendy Clark National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado, USA 2008 SAE Biofuels Specifications and Performance Symposium July 7-9, 2008, Paris NREL PR-540 Legislate Biofuels? · Plentiful U.S. biomass resources: energy crops, agricultural and forestry residues

8

Energy Savings Performance Contracting Legislation Data and Other...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Energy Savings Performance Contracting Legislation Data and Other Resources Energy Savings Performance Contracting Legislation Data and Other Resources These tools provide data and...

9

Office of the Assistant General Counsel for Legislation, Regulation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Office of the Assistant General Counsel for Legislation, Regulation and Energy Efficiency Office of the Assistant General Counsel for Legislation, Regulation and Energy...

10

Contacts for the Assistant General Counsel for Legislation, Regulation...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Legislation, Regulation, and Energy Efficiency Contacts for the Assistant General Counsel for Legislation, Regulation, and Energy Efficiency Office of the Assistant General Counsel...

11

Feebates: A Legislative Option to Encourage Continuous Improvements...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Feebates: A Legislative Option to Encourage Continuous Improvements to Automobile Efficiency Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Feebates: A Legislative...

12

Legislative Directive: EISA 2007, Subtitle B: Lighting Energy Efficiency  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Legislative Directive: EISA 2007, Subtitle B: Lighting Energy Efficiency, Sec. 321: Lighting Energy Efficiency

13

National Down Syndrome Society Legislative & Advocacy Initiatives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Down Syndrome Society Legislative & Advocacy Initiatives The mission of the National Down with Down syndrome by advocating for federal, state, and local policies that positively impact people with Down syndrome across the country. NDSS accomplishes this by doing the following: · Works with Congress

14

NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY 2014 LEGISLATIVE PRIORITIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY 2014 LEGISLATIVE PRIORITIES AGRICULTURAL ENTITY EXPANSION FUNDING to small/urban farms common in north central New Mexico RESEARCH AND PUBLIC SERVICE PROJECT EXPANSION minimization, and pollution prevention Doctor of Economic Development Program $169,900 $169

Johnson, Eric E.

15

Environmental Legislation 1.0 Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Environmental Legislation 1.0 Introduction . Environmental concerns for electric infrastructures: It reacts with other chemicals in the atmosphere to form sulfuric acid and then is released onto the earth and cardiovascular disease. Sensitive populations include asthmatics, individuals with bronchitis or emphysema

McCalley, James D.

16

Legislative Directive: EPACT 2005, Subtitle A: Energy Efficiency  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Legislative Directive: EPACT 2005, Subtitle A: Energy Efficiency, Sec. 911: Energy Efficiency, Sec. 912: Next Generation Lighting Initiative

17

aec authorizing legislation: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Kirkland, Justin H. 2012-01-01 19 PROJECT GREEEN 2012 LEGISLATIVE SUMMARY Renewable Energy Websites Summary: Summary tablE of contents Letter from the Directors......

18

Prospective Users  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar HomePromising Science for Plutonium CleanupProposalTeam: D.N.Prospective

19

Energy Savings Performance Contracting Legislation Data and Other Resources  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Energy Savings Performance Contracting Legislation Data and Other Resources provides data and information on Energy Savings Performance Contracting (ESPC) legislation across the 50 United States and five U.S. territories as well as state-specific resources and references regarding ESPCs.

20

Natural Gas: Major Legislative and Regulatory Actions (1935 - 2008)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This special report Web-based product presents a chronology of some of the key federal legislative and regulatory actions that have helped shape the natural gas market, with particular emphasis on policy directives from 1978 to October 2008. Separate reports provide brief descriptions of specific legislation, regulations, or policies, and their impacts on the natural gas market.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Impacts of Climate Change Legislation on US Agricultural Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

July 2010 Impacts of Climate Change Legislation on US Agricultural Markets the impacts of climate change legislation. While input from USDAOCE was very valuable in identifying issues of a project sponsored by the US Department of Agriculture Office of the Chief Economist (USDAOCE) to examine

Noble, James S.

22

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under NEPA Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under NEPA This...

23

Atomic Energy Act and Related Legislation. Environmental Guidance Program Reference Book: Revision 6  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents information related to the Atomic Energy Act and related legislation. Sections are presented pertaining to legislative history and statutes, implementing regulations, and updates.

Not Available

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Geothermal Industry Applauds Congressional Action on Tax Legislation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Action on Tax Legislation January 1, 2013 - 4:11pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- The Geothermal Energy Association applauds Congress for adopting today, as part of bi-partisan...

25

Information extraction to facilitate translation of natural language legislation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is a large body of existing legislation and policies that govern how government organizations and corporations can share information. Since these rules are generally expressed in natural language, it is difficult and ...

Wang, Samuel (Samuel Siyue)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

BIODIVERSITY Incorporating sociocultural adaptive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIODIVERSITY VIEWPOINT Incorporating sociocultural adaptive capacity in conservation hotspot of biodiversity threats. Conservation biogeography (Whittaker et al., 2005) has emerged as a critical area biodiversity (Mawdsley et al., 2009). Adjusting conservation strategies to maintain diversity in recognition

27

State zoning legislation and local adaptation : an evaluation on the implementation of Massachusetts Chapter 40R Smart Growth Legislation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Smart Growth Zoning Overlay District Act (M.G.L. Chapter 40R, the Legislation) was issued in March 2005 with the mission to substantially increase the supply of housing, especially for low- and moderate-income households, ...

Wang, Yuqi, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Nuclear regulatory legislation, 104th Congress, Volume 1, No. 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is the first of two volumes compiling statutes and material pertaining to nuclear regulatory legislation through the 104th Congress, 2nd Session. It is intended for use as a U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) internal resource document. Legislative information reproduced in this document includes portions of the Atomic Energy Act, Energy Reorganization Act, Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act, and Nuclear Waste Policy Act. Other information included in this volume pertains to NRC user fees, NRC authorizations, the Inspector General Act, and the Administrative Procedure Act.

NONE

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Enact legislation supporting residential property assessed clean energy financing (PACE)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Congress should enact legislation that supports residential property assessed clean energy (PACE) programs in the nations states and metropolitan areas. Such legislation should require the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) to allow Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to purchase residential mortgages with PACE assessments while at the same time providing responsible underwriting standards and a set of benchmarks for residential PACE assessments in order to minimize financial risks to mortgage holders. Congressional support of residential PACE financing will improve energy efficiency, encourage job creation, and foster economic growth in the nations state and metropolitan areas.

Saha, Devashree

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

30

Assistant Director, Prospect Management Description  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and to the Prospect Management Data Wranglers to assist their efforts in improving the quality of Prospect Management Management Enter and monitor prospect assignments and new prospect records requests. Monitor data quality of all functions and systems related to prospect management, including software applications, industry

Portman, Douglas

31

Principles of petroleum legislation: The case of a developing country  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book analyses the development of Petroleum Law in Libya, which enacted legislation over a period of years to cover all aspects of exploration and exploitation of Libya's oil. It gives an account of the stages through which the legislation passed and surveys the practical issues which influenced its development. Contents include: Part 1 General Provisions: 1 Ownership of Petroleum; 2 Administration; 3 Petroleum Zones; 4 Eligibility. Part 2 Exploration Permits: 5 Permits under the Minerals Law and; under the Petroleum Law. Part 3 The Concession: 6 Application and Grant; 7 Working Obligations; 8 Rights under Concessions; 9 Surrender, Assignment, and Termination; 10 Settlement of Disputes. Part 4 Financial Provisions: 11 Fees and Surface Rents; 12 The Royalty; 13 Taxation; 14 Posted Price; 15 Income; 16 Profits; 17 Payment and Measurement of Petroleum; Part 5 Libyanisation of the Industry: 18 Process of Libyanisation.

Al-Qasem, A.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Nuclear regulatory legislation, 104th Congress. Volume 2, No. 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is the second of two volumes compiling statutes and material pertaining to nuclear regulatory legislation through the 104th Congress, 2nd Session. It is intended for use as a U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) internal resource document. Legislative information reproduced in this document includes portions of the Paperwork Reduction Act, various acts pertaining to low-level radioactive waste, the Clean Air Act, the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act, the West Valley Demonstration Project Act, Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Export Licensing Statutes, and selected treaties, agreements, and executive orders. Other information provided pertains to Commissioner tenure, NRC appropriations, the Chief Financial Officers Act, information technology management reform, and Federal civil penalties.

NONE

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Surveillance and Control: Legislative Power in Argentina and Brazil* Charles Pessanha**  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Surveillance and Control: Legislative Power in Argentina and Brazil* Charles Pessanha and Control: Legislative Power in Argentina and Brazil "La société a le droit de demander compte à tout agent countries. Key-words: Accountability; External Control; Legislative Power; Brazil; Argentina Introduction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

34

Climate change legislation: what the Senate might do  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two of the speakers who spoke at the Coal-Gen conference, Charlotte, NC, USA on 19 August discussed climate change legislation currently under consideration in the US Congress. The so-called Waxman-Markey bill passed the House in June and is currently being considered by the Senate. The title of Thomas Hewson's talk was 'Climate change is likely to pass' and Neal Cabral discussed 'Geography and region influence climate change politics'.

NONE

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

Status of state Brownfield programs -- A comparison of enabling legislation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Though a definitive count is impossible, the US General Accounting Office has estimated that there are between 130,000 and 400,000 Brownfield sites in the country. What accounts for this discrepancy is that many of these sites may not be contaminated at all, but merely perceived to require a prohibitively expensive cleanup before redeveloping. Many developers and lending institutions have been increasingly unwilling to take on the stringent municipal, state, and federal regulations required for remediation at these sites. As a result, development often times has taken place on greenfield sites which are located outside the confines of the inner city. This has frustrated the comprehensive plan goals of most communities which mandate urban infilling and use of existing public infrastructure. Over the past decade, however, there has been a movement in nearly half of the states away from stringent cleanup requirements. There are currently variations in what each state requires. Some states, which maintain strict State Superfund programs while some states provide a form of voluntary remediation actions by the property owner or developer. Other states are developing more flexible approaches for their Brownfield programs based on numeric or risk based standards. The degree of stringency may vary from state to state dependent on the degree of legislative emphasis placed on economic redevelopment of Brownfield properties. This paper will compare and contrast the major trends in enabling legislation of states which currently allow some form of brownfield program. A case study from Florida will highlight how one state is attempting to draft enabling legislation to initiate a comprehensive Brownfield program to respond to current state needs.

Rogoff, M.J. [HDR Engineering, Inc., Tampa, FL (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

36

Multi-Pollutant Legislation and Regulations (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The 108th Congress proposed and debated a variety of bills addressing pollution control at electric power plants but did not pass any of them into law. In addition, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) currently is preparing two regulations-a proposed Clean Air Interstate Rule (pCAIR) and a Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR)-to address emissions from coal-fired power plants. Several states also have taken legislative actions to limit pollutants from power plants in their jurisdictions. This section discusses three Congressional air pollution bills and the EPA's pCAIR and CAMR regulations.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Nuclear Regulatory legislation: 103d Congress. Volume 1, No. 3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a compilation of nuclear regulatory legislation and other relevant material through the 103d Congress, 2d Session. This compilation has been prepared for use as a resource document, which the NRC intends to update at the end of every Congress. The contents of NUREG-0980 include the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended; Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, as amended, Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978; Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act; Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982; and NRC Authorization and Appropriations Acts. Other materials included are statutes and treaties on export licensing, nuclear non-proliferation, and environmental protection.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Nuclear regulatory legislation: 102d Congress. Volume 1, No. 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a compilation of nuclear regulatory legislation and other relevant material through the 102d Congress, 2d Session. This compilation has been prepared for use as a resource document, which the NRC intends to update at the end of every Congress. The contents of NUREG-0980 include: The Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended; Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, as amended, Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978; Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act; Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982; and NRC Authorization and Appropriations Acts. Other materials included are statutes and treaties on export licensing, nuclear non-proliferation, and environmental protection.

Not Available

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Nuclear regulatory legislation, 102d Congress. Volume 2, No. 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a compilation of nuclear regulatory legislation and other relevant material through the 102d Congress, 2d Session. This compilation has been prepared for use as a resource document, which the NRC intends to update at the end of every Congress. The contents of NUREG-0980 include The Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended; Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, as amended, Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978; Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act; Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982; and NRC Authorization and Appropriations Acts. Other materials included are statutes and treaties on export licensing, nuclear non-proliferation, and environmental protection.

Not Available

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Nuclear Regulatory legislation: 103d Congress. Volume 2, No. 3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a compilation of nuclear regulatory legislation and other relevant material through the 103d Congress, 2d Session. This compilation has been prepared for use as a resource document, which the NRC intends to update at the end of every Congress. The contents of NUREG-0980 include the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended; Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, as amended, Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978; Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act; Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982; and NRC Authorization and Appropriations Acts. Other materials included are statutes and treaties on export licensing, nuclear non-proliferation, and environmental protection.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Legislative History | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 IndustrialIsadore Perlman, 1960 The Ernest OrlandoJohnLegislative History Laboratory

42

Virtual Hydropower Prospecting Searching for Hydropower Gold  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The availability of geographic information system (GIS) tools and analytical modeling of natural streams has made it possible to perform virtual river inventories that were formerly done using topographic maps, stream flow estimates, and physical reconnaissance. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) virtually assessed the gross power potential of all natural streams in the United States of America and identified feasible potential project sites and estimated their developable power potential. The results of this virtual prospecting have been incorporated into a GIS application called the Virtual Hydropower Prospector that is available for public use on the Internet.

Douglas G. Hall

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Program Sustainability: Incorporating Energy Efficiency into...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Program Sustainability: Incorporating Energy Efficiency into Disaster Recovery Efforts Peer Exchange Call Program Sustainability: Incorporating Energy Efficiency into Disaster...

44

National Historic Preservation Act and Related Legislation. Environmental Guidance Program reference book  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document contains information regarding the National Historic Preservation Act and related legislation. The act was designed to protect archaeological and historic resources.

Not Available

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

E-Print Network 3.0 - authorizing legislation fiscal Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FEDERAL UPDATE Texas Sen. Hutchison... votes to approve previously passed Senate health care reform legislation and send the ... Source: Hulet, Randall G.- Department of Physics...

46

Reliability Assessment Incorporating Operational Considerations and Economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PSERC Reliability Assessment Incorporating Operational Considerations and Economic Aspects Engineering Research Center Reliability Assessment Incorporating Operational Considerations and Economic Center (PSERC) research project titled "Reliability Assessment Incorporating Operational Considerations

47

Los Alamos National Laboratory compliance with cultural resource management legislation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cultural resources management is one aspect of NEPA-induced legislation increasingly affecting federal land managers. A number of regulations, some of them recent, outline management criteria for protecting cultural resources on federal land. Nearly all construction projects at the 11,135 hectare Los Alamos National Laboratory in northern New Mexico are affected by cultural resource management requirements. A substantial prehistoric Puebloan population occupied the Laboratory area from the 13th to the early 16th centuries. Grazing, timbering, and homesteading followed Indian occupation. Therefore, archaeological and historical ruins and artifacts are abundant. The Laboratory has developed a cultural resources management program which meets both legal and project planning requirements. The program operates in coordination with the New Mexico State Historical Preservation Office. Major elements of the Laboratory program are illustrated by a current project involving relocation of a homesteader's cabin located on land required for a major new facility. The Laboratory cultural resource management program couples routine oversight of all engineering design projects with onsite resource surveys and necessary mitigation prior to construction. The Laboratory has successfully protected major archaeological and historical ruins, although some problems remain. The cultural resource program is intended to be adjustable to new needs. A cultural resource management plan will provide long-term management guidance.

Olinger, C.E.; Rea, K.H.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

PEM Electrolyzer Incorporating an Advanced  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PEM Electrolyzer Incorporating an Advanced Low Cost Membrane Monjid Hamdan Giner Electrochemical (Academic)­ Membrane Development Collaborations 3M Fuel Cell Components Program­ NSTF Catalyst & Membrane Entegris ­ Carbon Cell Separators Tokuyama ­ Low-Cost Membrane Prof. R. Zalosh (WPI) ­ Hydrogen Safety

49

NEW MEXICO LEGISLATIVE INTERNSHIP PROGRAM --2013 The New Mexico Legislature invites applicants for up to three internships. Interns will  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEW MEXICO LEGISLATIVE INTERNSHIP PROGRAM -- 2013 The New Mexico Legislature invites applicants Education Study Committee or the Legislative Finance Committee. The purpose of the New Mexico Legislative experience in the day-to-day staff work for New Mexico's citizen-legislature. Interns will provide staff

Johnson, Eric E.

50

Molex Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte GmbHMilo,Energy Information ModocMolex Incorporated Jump to:

51

Geothermal Prospects in Colorado  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject: Guidance forGeospatial Grades: 9-12Play FairwayProspects

52

S98-1 Recycling Papers and Defining Plagiarism Legislative History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S98-1 Recycling Papers and Defining Plagiarism Legislative History: At its meeting of February 2 for the stated purpose of storing submitted work in a database and using the database solely for the intended

Gleixner, Stacy

53

Carbon Geography: The Political Economy of Congressional Support for Legislation Intended to Mitigate Greenhouse Gas Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last five years, the U.S Congress has voted on several pieces of legislation intended to sharply reduce the nations greenhouse gas emissions. Given that climate change is a world public bad, standard economic logic would predict that the United States would ?free ride? and wait for other nations to reduce their emissions. Within the Congress, there are clear patterns to who votes in favor of mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. This paper presents a political economy analysis of the determinants of ?pro-green? votes on such legislation. Conservatives consistently vote against such legislation. Controlling for a Representatives ideology, representatives from richer districts and districts with a lower per-capita carbon dioxide footprint are more likely to vote in favor of climate change mitigation legislation. Representatives from districts where industrial emissions represent a larger share of greenhouse gas emissions are more likely to vote no.

Cragg, Michael; Zhou, Yuyu; Gurney, Kevin R.; Kahn, Matthew

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

From Legislation to Implementation: An Evaluation of the Instructional Facilities Allotment Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FROM LEGISLATION TO IMPLEMENTATION: AN EVALUATION OF THE INSTRUCTIONAL FACILITIES ALLOTMENT POLICY A Dissertation by BRANDON HEATH CORE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...: Educational Administration Copyright 2013 Brandon Heath Core ii ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to advance our understanding of the original legislative intents of the Instructional Facilities Allotment (IFA) and to evaluate the IFA policy...

Core, Brandon Heath

2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

55

A Prospective Target for Advanced Biofuel Production  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Prospective Target for Advanced Biofuel Production A Prospective Target for Advanced Biofuel Production Print Thursday, 02 February 2012 13:34 The sesquiterpene bisabolene was...

56

Prospects for Enhancing Carbon Sequestration and Reclamation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Prospects for Enhancing Carbon Sequestration and Reclamation of Degraded Lands with Fossil-fuel Combustion By-products. Prospects for Enhancing Carbon Sequestration and Reclamation...

57

MANUFACTURING ACCELERATING THE INCORPORATION OF MATERIALS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MANUFACTURING ACCELERATING THE INCORPORATION OF MATERIALS ADVANCES INTO MANUFACTURING PROCESSES NATIONAL NEED The proposed topic "Accelerating the Incorporation of Materials Advances into Manufacturing organizations, leading researchers from academic institutions, and others. Materials performance is often

Magee, Joseph W.

58

ANAIS: Status and prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANAIS experiment will look for dark matter annual modulation with large mass of ultra-pure NaI(Tl) scintillators at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory (LSC), aiming to confirm the DAMA/LIBRA positive signal in a model-independent way. Two 12.5 kg each NaI(Tl) crystals provided by Alpha Spectra are currently taking data at the LSC. Present status of ANAIS detectors background and general performance is summarized; in particular, thanks to the high light collection efficiency prospects of lowering the threshold down to 1 keVee are reachable. Crystal radiopurity goals are fulfilled for $^{232}$Th and $^{238}$U chains and $^{40}$K activity, although higher than original goal, could be accepted; however, high $^{210}$Pb contamination out-of-equilibrium has been identified. More radiopure detectors are being built by Alpha Spectra. The ongoing high quantum efficiency PMT tests and muon veto characterization are also presented. Finally, the sensitivity of the experiment for the annual modulation in the WIMP signal,...

Amar, Julio; Cuesta, Clara; Garca, Eduardo; Ginestra, Carlos; Martnez, Mara; Olivn, Miguel A; Ortigoza, Ysrael; de Solrzano, Alfonso Ortz; Pobes, Carlos; Puimedn, Jorge; Sarsa, Mara Luisa; Villar, Jos ngel; Villar, Patricia

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

The Spread of Feed-In Tariff Legislation in Europe: A Diffusion of Innovation Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are guaranteed by the government for a specific period of time from as little as eight years to as many as twenty to provide confidence for potential energy generators to make the investments necessary such as purchasing photovoltaic cells for solar... research into FiT and RPS legislation is evaluative and focuses on the outputs of the policies in the implementing countries. This body of literature examines aspects such as the internal rate of return on photovoltaic investments under FiT legislation...

Keller, Aaron Jacob

2011-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

60

In vivo incorporation of unnatural amino acids  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides methods and compositions for in vivo incorporation of unnatural amino acids. Also provided are compositions including proteins with unnatural amino acids.

Schultz, Peter G. (La Jolla, CA); Wang, Lei (San Diego, CA); Anderson, John Christopher (San Diego, CA); Chin, Jason W. (Cambridge, GB); Liu, David R. (Lexington, MA); Magliery, Thomas J. (North Haven, CT); Meggers, Eric L. (Philadelphia, PA); Mehl, Ryan Aaron (Lancaster, PA); Pastrnak, Miro (San Diego, CA); Santoro, Stephen William (Cambridge, MA); Zhang, Zhiwen (San Diego, CA)

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Guidance on Incorporating EPA's Pollution Prevention Strategy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The guidance discusses the Environmental Protection Agency's definition of pollution prevention; how to incorporate pollution prevention into the EPA environmental review process...

62

Project Information Form Project Title Impact of Legislative Mandates on Transportation Workforce Capacity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or organization) DOT $95,000 Total Project Cost $95,000 Agency ID or Contract Number DTRT13-G-UTC29 Start and EndProject Information Form Project Title Impact of Legislative Mandates on Transportation Workforce Dates August 1, 2014 to July 31, 2015 Brief Description of Research Project The transportation industry

California at Davis, University of

63

Instructor: Ann Jablon Boston University Washington Legislative Internship Program Home Telephone Number (301) 654-5111  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/11 The Legislative Process How a bill becomes a law - the intricacies. U.S. House - protection of majority rights vs. U.S. Senate - and minority rights; The Rules Committee vs. Unanimous Consent Readings: How Congress. Midterm Due! Monday, 3/4 Campaigns and Elections A discussion of issues including the role of PACs, soft

Goldberg, Bennett

64

The University of Western Australia Submission to the Senate Education and Employment Legislation Committee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The University of Western Australia Submission to the Senate Education and Employment Legislation Bill (2014). The University of Western Australia (UWA) was founded more than 100 years ago as the state efforts. The University of Western Australia shares the Go8's view that the current policy and funding

Tobar, Michael

65

Optimal Power Flow Incorporating Voltage Collapse Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Power Flow Incorporating Voltage Collapse Constraints William Rosehart Claudio Ca on the current operating con- ditions is presented. Second, an Optimal Power Flow formulation that incorporates: Voltage Collapse, Optimal Power Flow, Bifur- cations. I. Introduction As open-access market principles

Cañizares, Claudio A.

66

Development of Microfluidic Devices Incorporating Electrochemical Detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development of Microfluidic Devices Incorporating Electrochemical Detection Anne Regel Submitted to the Department of Chemistry and the Graduate School of the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... _______________________________ Karen Nordheden Dissertation Defense: August 21, 2013 ii The Dissertation Committee for Anne Regel certifies that this is the approved version of the following dissertation: Development of Microfluidic Devices Incorporating...

Regel, Anne

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

67

Public Lecture Prospects for Solar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Public Lecture Prospects for Solar Energy Utilization 4 p.m., October 8 100 Lindquist Hall Scientific lecture O Thermodynamically Efficient Solar Energy Concentration 2 p.m., October 7 128 Jabara Hall-Merced and director of the California Advanced Solar Technologies Institute. He invented the field of non

68

The limits of reform: major financial legislation in Texas 1904-1910  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. However, the progressives' emphasis on diminishing the power of Northeastern financial entities within the state, and their willingness to compromise to achieve legislation towards this goal, diminished the lasting success of their reforms... of this legisla- tion radically altered the structures and functions of the banking and insurance industries. The most important of these bills in- cluded the State Banking Act of 1905 which gave the state the power to charter banks, the Robertson Insurance...

Mitchell, John Roy

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

69

Regulatory and policy implications of Federal legislation on utility DSM programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reviews some potential consequences of recent Federal legislation to demand-side management (DSM) at utilities. The legislation discussed are the 1992 Energy Policy Act (EPAct), the 1990 Amendments to the Clean Air Act, and FERC Order No. 636. Examples of specific activities regarding DSM in Pennsylvania are included for illustration. Each of the Federal laws under discussion is unique in terms of origin, goals, and focus. Nevertheless, they all focus on the regulated energy industries such that their effects tend to combine to force massive changes. In die regulated electric and natural gas industries, this synergy is compounding the complexity of management and, at least in the short term, contributing to increases in the cost of doing business. In the long term, these Federal initiatives are likely to lead to a massive reassessment of state-regulated energy sources in production and end use, and their environmental consequences. The overall effect of all three pieces of legislation is to increase competition among the state-regulated utilities. The differences between competitive and regulated industries are noted in a effort to explain the effect of inducing competition among energy utilities. This has particular relevance to utility-sponsored energy-efficiency programs such as DSM and other customer assistance activities. This paper has three objectives. First, it outlines the contents of the Federal legislation regarding utility DSM programs. Second, it explains some of the impacts of these laws and regulations on utility programs, particularly the likely effects of the emerging competitive utility market. Third, it seeks to understand where and how action will be needed to carry out many of the provisions of these laws in the most cost-effective manner.

Hopkins, M.E.F. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Griffiths, D. [Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission, Harrisburg, PA (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

The Impact of Legislation House Bill 56 on Immigration Laws and Construction in Alabama  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.............................................................. 19 2.7 Fiscal Impact of Unauthorized Immigration .................................................. 21 2.8 Anti-Illegal Immigration Legislation ............................................................. 25 2.9 Affected Areas... it proceeded to go into effect. The main provisions of the passed law are as follows: ? Allows local law enforcement to demand papers from anyone they deem to be in the country illegally.(ACLU, 2013) 2 ? Makes it a crime for undocumented immigrants...

Garcia, Jose

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

71

Incorporating game management into the ranching enterprise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Record of Study INCORPORATING GAME MANAGEMENT INTO THE RANCHING ENTERPRISE A PROFESSIONAL PAPER by MARY JUDITH EAGLESHAM Submitted to the College of Agriculture of Texas A & M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF AGRICULTURE August, 1986 Wildlife Science Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences INCORPORATING GAME MANAGEMENT INTO THE RANCHING ENTERPRISE A Professional Paper by MARY JUDITH EAGLESHAM Approved as to style a Ja . I...

Eaglesham, Mary Judith

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Final Summary Report: Em-Powering Coastal States and Utilities through Model Offshore Wind Legislation and Outreach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The final summary report summarizes the most significant findings from three project reports detailing: feed-in tariffs, model request for proposals for new generation, and model state offshore wind power legislation.

Jeremy Firestone; Dawn Kurtz Crompton

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

73

Therapy for incorporated radionuclides: scope and need  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the United States the recent termination of funding for research on therapy for incorporated radionuclides has virtually halted progress on improved or new agents and procedures for removing radioactivity from the body. Research was eliminated, but is still needed on new removal agents, improved delivery system, in vitro test systems, and the toxicology of treatments. For many radionuclides, no adequate therapy exists. The relationship between radionuclide removal and reduction in cancer risk is still unanswered. Without proper research support, needed improvements in the treatment for incorporated radionuclides in the US are uncertain.

Smith, V.H.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Air quality analysis of Phase I of the proposed oil backout legislation. [Lead abstract  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an air quality analysis of Phase I of the President's proposed legislation to reduce the use of oil and natural gas in electric utility power plants by approximately 1 x 10/sup 6/ barrels of oil per day. The report analyzes changes in sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions that would accompany the conversions. Local and regional impacts on ambient sulfur dioxide and sulfate concentrations are examined. Finally, the cost-effectiveness of certain control options and the effectiveness of converting the specified plants in reducing oil consumption without excessive environmental or cost impacts are discussed. Separate abstracts are prepared for the 6 chapters.

Streets, D.G.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

PROJECT SCHEDULING: IMPROVED APPROACH TO INCORPORATE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] project scheduling inevitably involves uncertainty. The basic inputs (i.e., time, cost, and resourcesPROJECT SCHEDULING: IMPROVED APPROACH TO INCORPORATE UNCERTAINTY USINC BAYESIAN NETWORKS VAHID, there is a causal relationship between these uncertainty sources and project parameters; this causality

Neil, Martin

76

Cognitive Social Simulation Incorporating Cognitive Architectures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive Social Simulation Incorporating Cognitive Architectures Ron Sun June 15, 2007 Abstract computing, can benefit from incorporat- ing cognitive architectures, as they provide a realistic basis is a domain-generic computational cognitive model that may be used for a broad multiple-domain analysis

Varela, Carlos

77

Logical Systems Incorporated The Help Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Logical Systems Incorporated The Help Systems T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S Introduction ..................................... page 2 HELP/CMD ..................................... page 3 HELPRESx ................................... page 17 #12;LDOS Help System Page 1 The LDOS HELP Systems Introduction This documentation covers all

Mann, Tim

78

Combined cycle power plant incorporating coal gasification  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A combined cycle power plant incorporating a coal gasifier as the energy source. The gases leaving the coal gasifier pass through a liquid couplant heat exchanger before being used to drive a gas turbine. The exhaust gases of the gas turbine are used to generate both high pressure and low pressure steam for driving a steam turbine, before being exhausted to the atmosphere.

Liljedahl, Gregory N. (Tariffville, CT); Moffat, Bruce K. (Simsbury, CT)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Genomic Prospecting for Microbial Biodiesel Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prospecting for microbial biodiesel production AthanasiosAC02-06NA25396. Abstract Biodiesel is defined as fatty acidfor the competitive production of biodiesel. 1. Introduction

Lykidis, Athanasios

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Atomistic Simulations of Uranium Incorporation into Iron (Hydr...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Uranium Incorporation into Iron (Hydr)Oxides. Atomistic Simulations of Uranium Incorporation into Iron (Hydr)Oxides. Abstract: Atomistic simulations were carried out to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

NOx Abatement Research and Development CRADA with Navistar Incorporate...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NOx Abatement Research and Development CRADA with Navistar Incorporated NOx Abatement Research and Development CRADA with Navistar Incorporated 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and...

82

Direct Measurement of Oxygen Incorporation into Thin Film Oxides...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measurement of Oxygen Incorporation into Thin Film Oxides at Room Temperature Upon Ultraviolet Phton Irradiation. Direct Measurement of Oxygen Incorporation into Thin Film Oxides...

83

SciTech Connect: Energy Efficiency Measures to Incorporate into...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Energy Efficiency Measures to Incorporate into Remodeling Projects Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Energy Efficiency Measures to Incorporate into Remodeling Projects...

84

Emissive sensors and devices incorporating these sensors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention generally relates to luminescent and/or optically absorbing compositions and/or precursors to those compositions, including solid films incorporating these compositions/precursors, exhibiting increased luminescent lifetimes, quantum yields, enhanced stabilities and/or amplified emissions. The present invention also relates to sensors and methods for sensing analytes through luminescent and/or optically absorbing properties of these compositions and/or precursors. Examples of analytes detectable by the invention include electrophiles, alkylating agents, thionyl halides, and phosphate ester groups including phosphoryl halides, cyanides and thioates such as those found in certain chemical warfare agents. The present invention additionally relates to devices and methods for amplifying emissions, such as those produced using the above-described compositions and/or precursors, by incorporating the composition and/or precursor within a polymer having an energy migration pathway. In some cases, the compositions and/or precursors thereof include a compound capable of undergoing a cyclization reaction.

Swager, Timothy M; Zhang, Shi-Wei

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

85

Future Prospects for Nuclear Power after Fukushima  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the FukushimaDaiichi nuclear power plant in Japan has changed the perception of nuclear as a safe energy sourceFuture Prospects for Nuclear Power after Fukushima Nuclear is a highintensity energy source as the next generation of Light Water Reactors. We will also discuss the future prospects of nuclear power

Goldberg, Bennett

86

Potential incorporation of transuranics into uranium phases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The UO{sub 2} in spent nuclear fuel is unstable under moist oxidizing conditions and will be altered to uranyl oxide hydrate phases. The transuranics released during the corrosion of spent fuel may also be incorporated into the structures of secondary U{sup 6+} phases. The incorporation of radionuclides into alteration products will affect their mobility. A series of precipitation tests were conducted at either 150 or 90 C for seven days to determine the potential incorporation of Ce{sup 4+} and Nd{sup 3+} (surrogates for Pu{sup 4+} and Am{sup 3+}, respectively) into uranium phases. Ianthinite ([U{sub 2}{sup 4+}(UO{sub 2}){sub 4}O{sub 6}(OH){sub 4}(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}](H{sub 2}O){sub 5}) was produced by dissolving uranium oxyacetate in a solution containing copper acetate monohydrate as a reductant. The leachant used in these tests were doped with either 2.1 ppm cerium or 399 ppm neodymium. Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) analysis of the solid phase reaction products which were dissolved in a HNO{sub 3} solution indicates that about 306 ppm Ce (K{sub d} = 146) was incorporated into ianthinite, while neodymium contents were much higher, being approximately 24,800 ppm (K{sub d} = 62). Solid phase examinations using an analytical transmission electron microscope/electron energy-loss spectrometer (AEM/EELS) indicate a uniform distribution of Nd, while Ce contents were below detection. Becquerelite (Ca[(UO{sub 2}){sub 6}O{sub 4}(OH){sub 6}]{center_dot}8H{sub 2}O) was produced by dissolving uranium oxyacetate in a solution containing calcium acetate. The leachant in these tests was doped with either 2.1 ppm cerium or 277 ppm neodymium. ICP-MS results indicate that about 33 ppm Ce (K{sub d}=16) was incorporated into becquerelite, while neodymium contents were higher, being approximately 1,300 ppm (K{sub d}=5). Homogeneous distribution of Nd in the solid phase was noted during AEM/EELS examination, and Ce contents were also below detection.

Kim, C. W.; Wronkiewicz, D. J.; Buck, E. C.

1999-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

87

INTRACRANIAL INJURY AND MORTALITY ASSOCIATED WITH MOTORCYCLE-RELATED HOSPITALIZATIONS: DIFFERENCES IN INCIDENCE AND COSTS ON THE BASIS OF UNIVERSAL MOTORCYCLE HELMET USE LEGISLATION IN THE UNITED STATES.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Intracranial Injury and Mortality Associated with Motorcycle-related Hospitalizations: Differences in Incidence and Costs on the Basis of Universal Motorcycle Helmet Use Legislation in the United (more)

Parker, Brenda Marie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

EAC 2012 Storage Report: Progress and Prospects - Recommendations...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

2012 Storage Report: Progress and Prospects - Recommendations for the Department of Energy EAC 2012 Storage Report: Progress and Prospects - Recommendations for the Department of...

89

Status and Prospects of the Global Automotive Fuel Cell Industry...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Status and Prospects of the Global Automotive Fuel Cell Industry and Plans for Deployment of Fuel Cell Vehicles and Hydrogen Refueling Infrastructure Status and Prospects of the...

90

Status Prospects of Green Data Center | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Status Prospects of Green Data Center Status Prospects of Green Data Center Information on energy-saving technology research of green data centers and the potential impacts....

91

Incorporation of noble metals into aerogels  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Aerogels or xerogels containing atomically dispersed noble metals for applications such as environmental remediation are disclosed. New noble metal precursors, such as Pt--Si or Pd(Si--P){sub 2}, have been created to bridge the incompatibility between noble metals and oxygen, followed by their incorporation into the aerogel or xerogel through sol-gel chemistry and processing. Applications include oxidation of hydrocarbons and reduction of nitrogen oxide species, complete oxidation of volatile organic carbon species, oxidative membranes for photocatalysis and partial oxidation for synthetic applications.

Hair, L.M.; Sanner, R.D.; Coronado, P.R.

1998-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

92

Heat pipe transient measurements incorporating visual methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

liftoff on January 28, 1 9B6. These five men and two women gave their lives while att mpting to lead mankind into space and open the door for the future of our race. Their noble sacr ifice should r. ever be . orgotten. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I wish...!!CE December 1986 Major Subject: 1'uclear Eng nearing HEAT PIPE TRANSIENT MEASUREMENTS INCORPORATING VISUAL METHODS A Thesis by MARK DAVID DeHART Approved as to style and content by: Frederick R. Best (Chairman of Committee) Carl A. Erdman (Member...

DeHart, Mark David

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Incorporation of noble metals into aerogels  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Aerogels or xerogels containing atomically dispersed noble metals for applications such environmental remediation. New noble metal precursors, such as Pt--Si or Pd(Si--P).sub.2, have been created to bridge the incompatibility between noble metals and oxygen, followed by their incorporation into the aerogel or xerogel through sol-gel chemistry and processing. Applications include oxidation of hydrocarbons and reduction of nitrogen oxide species, complete oxidation of volatile organic carbon species, oxidative membranes for photocatalysis and partial oxidation for synthetic applications.

Hair, Lucy M. (Livermore, CA); Sanner, Robert D. (Livermore, CA); Coronado, Paul R. (Livermore, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Radiation collimator and systems incorporating same  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A collimator including a housing having disposed therein a shield element surrounding a converter core in which a photon beam is generated from electrons emanating from a linear accelerator. A beam channeler longitudinally adjacent the shield element has a beam aperture therethrough coaxially aligned with, and of the same diameter as, an exit bore of the converter core. A larger entry bore in the converter core is coaxial with, and longitudinally separated from, the exit bore thereof. Systems incorporating the collimator are also disclosed.

Norman, Daren R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Yoon, Woo Y. (Idaho Falls, ID); Jones, James L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Haskell, Kevin J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Bennett, Brion D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Tschaggeny, Charles W. (Woods Cross, UT); Jones, Warren F. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

95

Flux Power Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6Theoretical vsFlintFlux Power Incorporated Jump to:

96

Incorporating Carbon in Energy Planning at Industrial Facilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for emissions, or (3) purchases of carbon offsets (i.e., CO2 reduction or sequestration projects to offset emissions). Although much remains uncertain as to the nature of the legislation, the inevitability of a per-tonne emissions cost makes it important...

Smith, K.

97

Incorporating Experience Curves in Appliance Standards Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The technical analyses in support of U.S. energy conservation standards for residential appliances and commercial equipment have typically assumed that manufacturing costs and retail prices remain constant during the projected 30-year analysis period. There is, however, considerable evidence that this assumption does not reflect real market prices. Costs and prices generally fall in relation to cumulative production, a phenomenon known as experience and modeled by a fairly robust empirical experience curve. Using price data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and shipment data obtained as part of the standards analysis process, we present U.S. experience curves for room air conditioners, clothes dryers, central air conditioners, furnaces, and refrigerators and freezers. These allow us to develop more representative appliance price projections than the assumption-based approach of constant prices. These experience curves were incorporated into recent energy conservation standards for these products. The impact on the national modeling can be significant, often increasing the net present value of potential standard levels in the analysis. In some cases a previously cost-negative potential standard level demonstrates a benefit when incorporating experience. These results imply that past energy conservation standards analyses may have undervalued the economic benefits of potential standard levels.

Garbesi, Karina; Chan, Peter; Greenblatt, Jeffery; Kantner, Colleen; Lekov, Alex; Meyers, Stephen; Rosenquist, Gregory; Buskirk, Robert Van; Yang, Hung-Chia; Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

98

Prospects for Improved Carbon Capture Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prospects for Improved Carbon Capture Technology Report to the Congressional Research Service Capture Technology i Table of Contents CHAPTER 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ................................................................................................................ 7 CHAPTER 3. OVERVIEW OF CO2 CAPTURE TECHNOLOGIES

99

The effects of incorporating dynamic data on estimates of uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that incorporating dynamic data in a reservoir model will result in lower estimates of uncertainty than considering only static data. However, incorporation of dynamic data does not guarantee that the forecasted ranges will encompass the true value. Reliability...

Mulla, Shahebaz Hisamuddin

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

100

Solar cells incorporating light harvesting arrays  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solar cell incorporates a light harvesting array that comprises: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to the first electrode, each of the light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: ##EQU1## wherein m is at least 1, and may be from two, three or four to 20 or more; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group (and preferably a porphyrinic macrocycle, which may be one ligand of a double-decker sandwich compound) having an excited-state of energy equal to or lower than that of X.sup.2 ; and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores (and again are preferably porphyrinic macrocycles).

Lindsey, Jonathan S.; Meyer, Gerald J.

2003-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Solar cells incorporating light harvesting arrays  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solar cell incorporates a light harvesting array that comprises: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to the first electrode, each of the light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: X.sup.1.paren open-st.X.sup.m+1).sub.m (I) wherein m is at least 1, and may be from two, three or four to 20 or more; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group (and preferably a porphyrinic macrocycle, which may be one ligand of a double-decker sandwich compound) having an excited-state of energy equal to or lower than that of X.sup.2 ; and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores (and again are preferably porphyrinic macrocycles).

Lindsey, Jonathan S. (Raleigh, NC); Meyer, Gerald J. (Baltimore, MD)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Radiation shielding materials and containers incorporating same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved radiation shielding material and storage systems for radioactive materials incorporating the same. The PYRolytic Uranium Compound ("PYRUC") shielding material is preferably formed by heat and/or pressure treatment of a precursor material comprising microspheres of a uranium compound, such as uranium dioxide or uranium carbide, and a suitable binder. The PYRUC shielding material provides improved radiation shielding, thermal characteristic, cost and ease of use in comparison with other shielding materials. The shielding material can be used to form containment systems, container vessels, shielding structures, and containment storage areas, all of which can be used to house radioactive waste. The preferred shielding system is in the form of a container for storage, transportation, and disposal of radioactive waste. In addition, improved methods for preparing uranium dioxide and uranium carbide microspheres for use in the radiation shielding materials are also provided.

Mirsky, Steven M. (Greenbelt, MD); Krill, Stephen J. (Arlington, VA); Murray, Alexander P. (Gaithersburg, MD)

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Radiation Shielding Materials and Containers Incorporating Same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved radiation shielding material and storage systems for radioactive materials incorporating the same. The PYRolytic Uranium Compound (''PYRUC'') shielding material is preferably formed by heat and/or pressure treatment of a precursor material comprising microspheres of a uranium compound, such as uranium dioxide or uranium carbide, and a suitable binder. The PYRUC shielding material provides improved radiation shielding, thermal characteristic, cost and ease of use in comparison with other shielding materials. The shielding material can be used to form containment systems, container vessels, shielding structures, and containment storage areas, all of which can be used to house radioactive waste. The preferred shielding system is in the form of a container for storage, transportation, and disposal of radioactive waste. In addition, improved methods for preparing uranium dioxide and uranium carbide microspheres for use in the radiation shielding materials are also provided.

Mirsky, Steven M.; Krill, Stephen J.; and Murray, Alexander P.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

APPENDIX Q RULE IMPACT STATEMENT Subchapter 2. Incorporation By Reference 252:100-2-3. Incorporation by reference [AMENDED] APPENDIX Q. INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE [REVOKED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reference, and Appendix Q, to update the federal regulations incorporated by reference. As required by the Administrative Rules on Rulemaking, the existing Appendix Q will be revoked and a new Appendix Q will be adopted. These proposals are part of the annual review of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR) incorporations by reference. 2. CLASSES OF PERSONS AFFECTED: The classes of persons affected are the owners and operators of facilities that are subject to the regulations incorporated by reference.

unknown authors

105

Correct and incorrect nucleotide incorporation pathways in DNA polymerase b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Correct and incorrect nucleotide incorporation pathways in DNA polymerase b Ravi Radhakrishnan a nucleotide incorporations in the DNA by using a novel protocol involving energy minimizations, dynamics simu- sive transient intermediates, for nucleotide incorporation at the template/primer DNA junction. A large

Schlick, Tamar

106

CLARIFICATION: Incorporation of OFPC Manual and Document Updates Updated documents should be incorporated in to projects as follows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLARIFICATION: Incorporation of OFPC Manual and Document Updates Updated documents should be incorporated in to projects as follows: Project Management Manual (PMM) and Construction Inspection Manual (CIM approved by senior project management, project managers shall require the design professional

O'Toole, Alice J.

107

Transporting US oil imports: The impact of oil spill legislation on the tanker market  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 ( OPA'') and an even more problematic array of State pollution laws have raised the cost, and risk, of carrying oil into and out of the US. This report, prepared under contract to the US Department of energy's Office of Domestic and International Policy, examines the impact of Federal and State oil spill legislation on the tanker market. It reviews the role of marine transportation in US oil supply, explores the OPA and State oil spill laws, studies reactions to OPA in the tanker and tank barge industries and in related industries such as insurance and ship finance, and finally, discusses the likely developments in the years ahead. US waterborne oil imports amounted to 6.5 million B/D in 1991, three-quarters of which was crude oil. Imports will rise by almost 3 million B/D by 2000 according to US Department of energy forecasts, with most of the crude oil growth after 1995. Tanker demand will grow even faster: most of the US imports and the increased traffic to other world consuming regions will be on long-haul trades. Both the number of US port calls by tankers and the volume of offshore lightering will grow. Every aspect of the tanker industry's behavior is affected by OPA and a variety of State pollution laws.

Rowland, P.J. (Rowland (P.) Associates (United States))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Solar PV Project Financing: Regulatory and Legislative Challenges for Third-Party PPA System Owners  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Residential and commercial end users of electricity who want to generate electricity using on-site solar photovoltaic (PV) systems face challenging initial and O&M costs. The third-party ownership power purchase agreement (PPA) finance model addresses these and other challenges. It allows developers to build and own PV systems on customers? properties and sell power back to customers. However, third-party electricity sales commonly face five regulatory challenges. The first three challenges involve legislative or regulatory definitions of electric utilities, power generation equipment, and providers of electric services. These definitions may compel third-party owners of solar PV systems to comply with regulations that may be cost prohibitive. Third-party owners face an additional challenge if they may not net meter, a practice that provides significant financial incentive to owning solar PV systems. Finally, municipalities and cooperatives worry about the regulatory implications of allowing an entity to sell electricity within their service territories. This paper summarizes these challenges, when they occur, and how they have been addressed in five states. This paper also presents alternative to the third-party ownership PPA finance model, including solar leases, contractual intermediaries, standardized contract language, federal investment tax credits, clean renewable energy bonds, and waived monopoly powers.

Kollins, K.; Speer, B.; Cory, K.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Incorporating local boundary conditions into nonlocal theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study nonlocal equations from the area of peridynamics on bounded domains. In our companion paper, we discover that, on $\\mathbb{R}^n$, the governing operator in peridynamics, which involves a convolution, is a bounded function of the classical (local) governing operator. Building on this, we define an abstract convolution operator on bounded domains. The abstract convolution operator is a function of the classical operator, defined by a Hilbert basis available due to the purely discrete spectrum of the latter. As governing operator of the nonlocal equation we use a function of the classical operator, this allows us to incorporate local boundary conditions into nonlocal theories. For the homogeneous wave equation with the considered boundary conditions, we prove that continuity is preserved by time evolution. We give explicit solution expressions for the initial value problems with prominent boundary conditions such as periodic, antiperiodic, Neumann, and Dirichlet. In order to connect to the standard convolution, we give an integral representation of the abstract convolution operator. We present additional "simple" convolutionsbased on periodic and antiperiodic boundary conditions that lead Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions. We present a numerical study of the solutions of the wave equation. For discretization, we employ a weak formulation based on a Galerkin projection and use piecewise polynomials on each element which allows discontinuities of the approximate solution at the element borders. We study convergence order of solutions with respect to polynomial order and observe optimal convergence. We depict the solutions for each boundary condition.

Burak Aksoylu; Horst Reinhard Beyer; Fatih Celiker

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

110

Geology and hydrocarbon prospects of Latvia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oil prospects in Latvia are associated with the Baltic syneclise. Latvia occupies about one fourth of that large tectonic depression; zones of oil accumulation continue there from adjacent areas: the Telshai rampart (Lithuania) and the Leba nose (Polish offshore). The oil prospects in separate areas are determined by their position regarding the sources of oil generation--the Gdansk-Kura and Liepaya depressions. The most prospective areas are the Liepaya-Saldus zone of highs and the Pape-Barta trough. The Liepaya-Saldus zone was situated so that the hydrocarbon migration path crossed it. It probably is an important oil accumulation zone. The paper describes the geology of Latvia and the one oil field in Latvia.

Freimanis, A. (Latvian Dept. of Geology, Riga (Latvia)); Margulis, L.; Brangulis, A.; Kanev, S.; Pomerantseva, R. (Inst. of Marine Geology and Geophysics, Riga (Latvia))

1993-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

111

Reforming TSOs: using the 'third package' Legislation to promote efficiency and accelerate regional integration in EU wholesale power markets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The EU is developing new legislation - the so-called ''Third Package'' - to foster competition in its electric power markets. These proposals could be improved by adding more focus on regional integration of wholesale power markets, allowing more leeway for arrangements that fit the diverse existing patterns of transmission ownership and control, and addressing upfront new regulatory concerns that arise when transmission is divested as an independent, for-profit business. (author)

Moselle, Boaz

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

112

Decision making in coastal fisheries conflict: the case of red drum and spotted seatrout legislation in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stricter Measures Called For The TPWD Increases Regulations on Red and Spotted Seatrout Illegal Netting 61 65 66 Drum TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) IV CASE FINDINGS (continued) The Opposition Increases The Legislative Process Economic Impact... of the controversial House B i 1 1 1000 in the Texas Legislature. H B. 1000 was signed into law in May, 1981 and prohibits the possession or transportation for the purpose of sale red drum or spotted seatrout taken from waters under the jurisdiction of the state...

Christian, Richard Travis

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Blasting detonators incorporating semiconductor bridge technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The enormity of the coal mine and extraction industries in Russia and the obvious need in both Russia and the US for cost savings and enhanced safety in those industries suggests that joint studies and research would be of mutual benefit. The author suggests that mine sites and well platforms in Russia offer an excellent opportunity for the testing of Sandia`s precise time-delay semiconductor bridge detonators, with the potential for commercialization of the detonators for Russian and other world markets by both US and Russian companies. Sandia`s semiconductor bridge is generating interest among the blasting, mining and perforation industries. The semiconductor bridge is approximately 100 microns long, 380 microns wide and 2 microns thick. The input energy required for semiconductor bridge ignition is one-tenth the energy required for conventional bridgewire devices. Because semiconductor bridge processing is compatible with other microcircuit processing, timing and logic circuits can be incorporated onto the chip with the bridge. These circuits can provide for the precise timing demanded for cast effecting blasting. Indeed tests by Martin Marietta and computer studies by Sandia have shown that such precise timing provides for more uniform rock fragmentation, less fly rock, reduce4d ground shock, fewer ground contaminants and less dust. Cost studies have revealed that the use of precisely timed semiconductor bridges can provide a savings of $200,000 per site per year. In addition to Russia`s vast mineral resources, the Russian Mining Institute outside Moscow has had significant programs in rock fragmentation for many years. He anticipated that collaborative studies by the Institute and Sandia`s modellers would be a valuable resource for field studies.

Bickes, R.W. Jr.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Incorporating Genomics and Bioinformatics across the Life Sciences Curriculum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page Incorporating Genomics and Bioinformatics across the2007) Discovering Genomics, Proteomics, and Bioinformatics,2003) Public access for teaching genomics, proteomics, and

Ditty, Jayna L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Database (Report) of U.S. CHP Installations Incorporating Thermal...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Database (Report) of U.S. CHP Installations Incorporating Thermal Energy Storage (TES) andor Turbine Inlet Cooling (TIC), 2004 Database (Report) of U.S. CHP Installations...

116

NOx Abatement Research and Development CRADA with Navistar Incorporate...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Abatement Research and Development CRADA with Navistar Incorporated (successor to International Truck and Engine Corporation) Josh A. Pihl and Todd J. Toops Oak Ridge National...

117

areas incorporating behavioural: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mathematical modelling of the effects of initial fabric on the mechanical behaviour of sand. A stress-dilatancy model that incorporates microstructural aspects of sand is hereby...

118

Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, Bechtel National Incorporated- October 2008  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Evaluation to determine whether the Bechtel National Incorporated Waste Treatment Plant is continuing to perform at a level deserving DOE-VPP Star recognition.

119

Cellulosic Biofuels: Expert Views on Prospects for Advancement: Supplementary Material  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cellulosic Biofuels: Expert Views on Prospects for Advancement: Supplementary Material Erin Baker Keywords: Biofuels; Technology R&D; Uncertainty; Environmental policy 2 #12;1 Introduction This paper contains supplementary material for "Cellulosic Biofuels: Expert Views on Prospects for Advancement

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

120

Cognitive Research in GIScience: Recent Achievements and Future Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive Research in GIScience: Recent Achievements and Future Prospects Daniel R. Montello achievements of cognitive research in geographic information science (GIScience) are reviewed and prospects for future directions discussed. Cognitive research in GIScience concerns human knowledge and knowing

Montello, Daniel R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The doctoral thesis "Gender Quotas in Company Boards and Recruitment Effects" explores the legislative demand for gender balance in Norwegian public limited company (PLC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the legislative demand for gender balance in Norwegian public limited company (PLC) boards, and in particular article is based on a survey conducted in 2008. In the survey, all board members of PLC boards were

Løw, Erik

122

Safety Case Development: Current Practice, Future Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety Case Development: Current Practice, Future Prospects S P Wilson, T P Kelly, J A McDermid HISE Group, Department of Computer Science, University of York York, England Abstract Safety-critical and safety-related systems are becoming more highly integrated and continue to increase in complexity

Kelly, Tim

123

Existing and prospective blast-furnace conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Blast-furnace conditions are investigated by means of a multizone model. The expected performance of prospective technologies is assessed, as well as the trends in blast-furnace processes. The model permits the identification of means of overcoming practical difficulties.

I.G. Tovarovskii; V.I. Bol'shakov; V.P. Lyalyuk; A.E. Merkulov; D. V. Pinchuk [Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Dnepropetrovsk (Ukraine). Institute of Ferrous Metallurgy

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

AUTOMATED PLANNING FOR HYDROTHERMAL VENT PROSPECTING USING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AUTOMATED PLANNING FOR HYDROTHERMAL VENT PROSPECTING USING AUVS by ZEYN A SAIGOL A thesis submitted of searching the ocean floor for hydrothermal vents, using autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs process (POMDP), but with a very large state space (of the order of 10123 states). This size of problem

Yao, Xin

125

ABSL Space Products 2011 BENEFITS / ECONOMIC PROSPECTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSL Space Products 2011 BENEFITS / ECONOMIC PROSPECTS: Future exploration Roving Rendezvous Space Products 2011 ABSL Space Products for Growth: HERITAGE & RELEVANCE ABSL flew the first Lithium-Ion battery in space with 70 launched to date Now 100 people working on space batteries, including US office

Anand, Mahesh

126

Prospective Climate Change Impact on Large Rivers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.g. long-term trends could affect hydropower, ecosystems and aquatic species...). 1917 2005 Athabasca; #12;4 Reduced Water Supply from Reservoirs Climate Change Issues in the US 1. Rainfall vs Snowmelt; 21 Prospective Climate Change Impact on Large Rivers in the US and South Korea Pierre Y. Julien Dept

Julien, Pierre Y.

127

Progress and Prospects for Stem Cell Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Progress and Prospects for Stem Cell Engineering Randolph S. Ashton,1 Albert J. Keung,1 Joseph Peltier,1 and David V. Schaffer1,2,3 1 Department of Chemical Engineering, 2 Department of Bioengineering biology, bioreactors Abstract Stem cells offer tremendous biomedical potential owing to their abilities

Schaffer, David V.

128

DIGITAL SOIL RESOURCE INVENTORIES: STATUS AND PROSPECTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DIGITAL SOIL RESOURCE INVENTORIES: STATUS AND PROSPECTS D G Rossiter Department of Earth Systems an inventory of digital soils data and supporting information available or publicized on the World Wide Web-scale inventories, especially using the SOTER methodology. Large-scale digital data are limited to the USA, Canada

Rossiter, D G "David"

129

Energy Efficient Electrochromic Windows Incorporating Ionic Liquids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One approach to increasing the energy efficiency of windows is to control the amount of solar radiation transmitted through a window by using electrochromic technology. What is unique about this project is that the electrochromic is based on the reduction/oxidation reactions of cathodic and anodic organic semi-conducting polymers using room temperature ionic liquids as ion transport electrolytes. It is believed that these types of coatings would be a lower cost alternative to traditional all inorganic thin film based electrochromic technologies. Although there are patents1 based on the proposed technology, it has never been reduced to practice and thoroughly evaluated (i.e. durability and performance) in a window application. We demonstrate that by using organic semi-conductive polymers, specific bands of the solar spectrum (specifically visible and near infrared) can be targeted for electrochemical variable transmittance responsiveness. In addition, when the technology is incorporated into an insulating glass unit, the energy parameters such as the solar heat gain coefficient and the light to solar gain ratio are improved over that of a typical insulating glass unit comprised of glass with a low emissivity coating. A minimum of {approx}0.02 quads of energy savings per year with a reduction of carbon emissions for electricity of {approx}320 MKg/yr benefit is achieved over that of a typical insulating glass unit including a double silver low-E coating. Note that these values include a penalty in the heating season. If this penalty is removed (i.e. in southern climates or commercial structures where cooling is predominate year-round) a maximum energy savings of {approx}0.05 quad per year and {approx}801 MKg/yr can be achieved over that of a typical insulating glass unit including a double silver low-E coating. In its current state, the technology is not durable enough for an exterior window application. The primary downfall is that the redox chemistry fails to recover to a bleached state upon exposure to heat and solar radiation while being cycled over time from the bleached to the dark state. Most likely the polymers are undergoing degradation reactions which are accelerated by heat and solar exposure while in either the reduced or oxidized states and the performance of the polymers is greatly reduced over time. For this technology to succeed in an exterior window application, there needs to be more work done to understand the degradation of the polymers under real-life application conditions such as elevated temperatures and solar exposure so that recommendations for improvements in to the overall system can be made. This will be the key to utilizing this type of technology in any future real-life applications.

Cheri Boykin; James Finley; Donald Anthony; Julianna Knowles; Richard Markovic; Michael Buchanan; Mary Ann Fuhry; Lisa Perrine

2008-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

130

Selective incorporation of 5-hydroxytryptophan into proteins in mammalian cells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides methods and compositions for incorporation of an unnatural amino acid into a peptide using an orthogonal aminoacyl tRNA synthetase/tRNA pair. In particular, an orthogonal pair is provided to incorporate 5-hydroxy-L-tryptophan in a position encoded by an opal mutation.

Zhang, Zhiwen; Alfonta, Lital; Schultz, Peter G

2014-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

131

The potential impact of proposed hazardous air pollutant legislation on the US refining industry. Final report, Task 9  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Administration has recently submitted a Clean Air Act Bill to Congress which would significantly modify the regulatory treatment of industrial hazardous air pollutants (air toxics). The adverse economic impacts of this legislation on the petroleum refining industry could be substantial. Depending on how EPA interprets the legislative language, the capital costs of compliance for the proposed bill could range from $1.3 to $15.0 billion. At the upper end of the range, costs of this order of magnitude would be over 2.5 times larger than the combined estimated cost of EPAs gasoline volatility (RVP) regulations and the proposed diesel sulfur content regulations. Potential compliance costs could be as much as $0.40 per barrel processed for large, complex refineries and as much as $0.50 per barrel for some small, simple refineries. For perspective, total refining costs, including a normal return on investment, are $4--5 per barrel. Because foreign refineries supplying the US will not be affected by the US air toxics regulations, US refineries may not be able to raise prices sufficiently to recover their compliance costs. For this reason, the air toxic legislation may put US refineries at an economic disadvantage relative to foreign competitors. Even under the best petroleum product market conditions, costs of $0.40 to $0.50 per barrel processed could reduce US Gulf refiner cash operating margins by as much as 29 percent. Under less favorable market conditions, such as the mid-80`s when refiners were losing money, the hazardous air pollutant regulations could greatly increase US refiner operating losses and potentially lead to closure of some marginal refineries.

Not Available

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Incorporating Representation of Agricultural Ecosystems and Management Within IBIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incorporating Representation of Agricultural Ecosystems and Management Within IBIS: The development of Agro-IBIS Chris Kucharik Department of Agronomy & Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment balance Soil and canopy physics Leaf physiology Minutes Phenology Budburst, senescence, dormancy Daily

133

TRITIUM INCORPORATION STUDIES IN PHOTO-SYNTHETIC BACTERIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

W-7405-eng-48 UCRL-17749 I TRITIUM INCORPORATION STUDIES INand M. Calvin July 1967 TRITIUM INCORPOWION STUDIES I Ntransport, w are studying t h e tritium labeling pattern e i

Dehner, Thomas R.; Chan, W.-S.; Caple, Marianne B.; Calvin, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

The incorporation of bubbles into a computer graphics fluid simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present methods for incorporating bubbles into a photorealistc fluid simulation. Previous methods of fluid simulation in computer graphics do not include bubbles. Our system automatically creates bubbles, which are simulated on top of the fluid...

Greenwood, Shannon Thomas

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

135

Incorporating HVDC's into monitoring and power system analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis attempts to study the effect of incorporating HVDC's into monitoring and power system analysis. Power system analysis, including load flow and stability studies, and monitoring defines a complete cycle of the impact of HVDC in a power...

Krishnaswamy, Vikram

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Constituents without citizenship? : immigrant political incorporation in new destinations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation explores the role of native activists in the incorporation of new immigrants. Motivated by concerns that this process would be limited in countries with no tradition of immigration, it focuses on Spain, ...

Dobbs, Erica Rose

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

ENHANCEMENT OF STRUCTURAL FOAM MATERIALS BY INCORPORATION OF GASIFIER SLAG  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As advanced gasification technology is increasingly adopted as an energy source, disposal of the resulting slag will become a problem. We have shown that gasifier slag can be incorporated into foamed glass, which is currently being manufactured as an abrasive and as an insulating material. The slag we add to foamed glass does not simply act as filler, but improves the mechanical properties of the product. Incorporation of gasifier slag can make foamed glass stronger and more abrasion resistant.

Olin Perry Norton; Ronald A. Palmer; W. Gene Ramsey

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

Feeding Race Prospects and Racehorses in Training  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

concentration or mineral ratios. In short, weanlings and yearlings are being fed almost identical rations. The feeding programs for year- lings are much more in line with National Research Council (NRC) 16 recommendations than those for weanlings (Table 1... RACEHORSES IN TRAINING Source: National Research Council (1989) *Based on recent work of Nielsen et al, 13 Stephens et al 22 and Nolan et al. 15 TABLE 1. Diet proportions for race-bred prospects of varying ages. Weanling 70 30 Yearling 60 40 Long...

Gibbs, Pete G.; Potter, Gary D.; Scott, Brett D.

2002-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

139

Status and Prospects of the Global Automotive Fuel Cell Industry...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

ORNLTM-2013222 Status and Prospects of the Global Automotive Fuel Cell Industry and Plans for Deployment of Fuel Cell Vehicles and Hydrogen Refueling Infrastructure Revised July...

140

Historical Exploration And Drilling Data From Geothermal Prospects...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Historical Exploration And Drilling Data From Geothermal Prospects And Power Generation Projects In The Western United States Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Prospects of Smart Grid Technologies for a Sustainable and Secure...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Supply Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Prospects of Smart Grid Technologies for a Sustainable and Secure Power Supply Focus Area: Crosscutting...

142

Assessment of coal bed gas prospects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coal bed gas is an often overlooked source of clean, methane-rich, H{sub 2}S-free natural gas. The economic development of coal bed gas requires a knowledge of coal gas reservoir characteristics and certain necessary departures from conventional evaluation, drilling, completion, and production practices. In many ways coal seam reservoirs are truly unconventional. Most coals sufficient rank have generated large volumes of gas that may be retained depth in varying amounts through adsorption. Coal gas production can take place only when the reservoir pressure is reduced sufficiently to allow the gas to desorb. Gas flow to the well bore takes place through a hierarchy of natural fractures, not the relatively impermeable coal matrix. Economic production is dependent upon critical factors intrinsic to the reservoir, including coal petrology, gas content, internal formation stratigraphy, fracture distribution, hydrogeology, in situ stress conditions, initial reservoir pressure and pressure regime, and the presence or absence of a {open_quote}free{close_quotes} gas saturation. Further, the coal bed reservoir is readily subject to formation damage through improper drilling, completion, or production techniques. This presentation will review the data types critical to the assessment of any coal seam gas prospect, suggest an outline method for screening such prospects, and point out some possible pitfalls to be considered in any coal bed gas development project.

Moore, T.R. [Phillips Petroleum Co., Bartlesville, OK (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

143

Global Carbon Pricing Among Countries With Different Economic Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

millions out of poverty. ETH Z¨urich, Centre for Energy Policy and Economics (CEPE), ZUE E1, ZGlobal Carbon Pricing Among Countries With Different Economic Prospects Florian Landis Thomas.cepe.ethz.ch #12;Global Carbon Pricing Among Countries With Different Economic Prospects Florian Landis Thomas

144

2008 Forestry-related Legislation in Colorado The state of Colorado values healthy, resilient forest landscapes and is willing to invest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2008 Forestry-related Legislation in Colorado The state of Colorado values healthy, resilient and value of Colorado's forests. At the time this report was written, several forestry-related bills were related to the WUI, fuels mitigation, fire fighting, bark beetle mortality and incentives for forestry

145

AN OVERVIEW OF THE UNITED STATES PATENT SYSTEM (Note: Significant changes in United States patent law were brought about by legislation signed into law by the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 AN OVERVIEW OF THE UNITED STATES PATENT SYSTEM (Note: Significant changes in United States patent. The purpose of this legislation was to implement the patent-related provisions of the General Agreement substantially altered prior practice.) 1. What is a patent? Prior to GATT, a patent could be defined as a grant

Shamos, Michael I.

146

Information Incorporation in Online In-Game Sports Betting Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

opening line or spread. To measure the accuracy of implied market forecasts over time, we use) championship. We show that prices on average approach the correct outcome over time, and the price dy- namics that information is incorporated into market prices virtu- ally instantaneously. Gambling markets epitomize trading

Giles, C. Lee

147

Soils in the Riparian Incorporating Soil Dynamics into  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

deposits or upland slope wash · Soil particle size reflect the energy (velocity) of depositionalSoils in the Riparian Complex Incorporating Soil Dynamics into Ecological Site Descriptions Kenneth F. Scheffe, SSS August 16, 2007 #12;Water Changes Everything · Water is the trump card over soils

148

Media International Australia incorporating Culture and Policy Barbara Glowczewski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

24 Media International Australia incorporating Culture and Policy Barbara Glowczewski LINES) based on films by Indigenous filmmaker Wayne Barker, juxtaposing four regions of Australia. Both people in Australia map their knowledge and experience of the world in a geographical virtual web

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

149

Numerical Aerodynamic Optimization Incorporating Laminar-Turbulent Transition Prediction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical Aerodynamic Optimization Incorporating Laminar-Turbulent Transition Prediction J. Driver-dimensional Newton­Krylov aerodynamic shape optimization algorithm is applied to several optimization problems a striking demonstration of the capability of the Newton­ Krylov aerodynamic optimization algorithm to design

Zingg, David W.

150

Site specific incorporation of keto amino acids into proteins  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Compositions and methods of producing components of protein biosynthetic machinery that include orthogonal tRNAs, orthogonal aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, and orthogonal pairs of tRNAs/synthetases, which incorporate keto amino acids into proteins are provided. Methods for identifying these orthogonal pairs are also provided along with methods of producing proteins with keto amino acids using these orthogonal pairs.

Schultz, Peter G. (La Jolla, CA); Wang, Lei (San Diego, CA)

2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

151

INCORPORATING SPECTRAL SUBTRACTION AND NOISE TYPE FOR UNVOICED SPEECH SEGREGATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, monaural speech enhancement methods enhance noisy speech based on certain assumptions or models of speech and interference [8]. Speech enhancement methods improve speech quality. However, they have a limited abilityINCORPORATING SPECTRAL SUBTRACTION AND NOISE TYPE FOR UNVOICED SPEECH SEGREGATION Ke Hu and De

Wang, DeLiang "Leon"

152

Distributed feedback laser biosensor incorporating a titanium dioxide nanorod surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed feedback laser biosensor incorporating a titanium dioxide nanorod surface Chun Ge,1 emission wavelength is modulated by the adsorption of biomolecules, whose greater dielectric permittivity- dimensional volume overlap between the DFBLB resonant mode and the region where biomolecule adsorption can oc

Cunningham, Brian

153

TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS SERVICE CENTRE (Incorporated in Western Australia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS SERVICE CENTRE (Incorporated in Western Australia) 100 Royal Street East Perth, Western Australia 6004 Telephone (08) 9318 8000 Facsimile (08) 9225 7050 http://www.tisc.edu.au/ Curtin University Edith Cowan University Murdoch University The University of Western Australia

154

TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS SERVICE CENTRE (Incorporated in Western Australia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS SERVICE CENTRE (Incorporated in Western Australia) Level 1, 100 Royal Street East Perth, Western Australia 6004 Telephone (08) 9318 8000 Facsimile (08) 9225 7050 http://www.tisc.edu.au/ Curtin University Edith Cowan University Murdoch University The University of Western Australia

155

High conductivity electrolyte solutions and rechargeable cells incorporating such solutions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates generally to electrolyte solvents for use in liquid or rubbery polymer electrolyte solutions as are used, for example, in electrochemical devices. More specifically, this invention relates to sulfonyl/phospho-compound electrolyte solvents and sulfonyl/phospho-compound electrolyte solutions incorporating such solvents. 9 figs.

Angell, C.A.; Zhang, S.S.; Xu, K.

1998-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

156

INCORPORATING UNCERTAINTY INTO DAM SAFETY RISK Sanjay S. Chauhan1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Reclamation are using risk assessment as a decision support tool. This paper summarizes an approach to incorporating input uncertainties into risk analysis model. Input uncertainties are captured by using for uncertainty analysis in dam safety risk assessment, and demonstrates some useful formats for presenting

Chauhan, Sanjay S.

157

Method for incorporating radioactive phosphoric acid solutions in concrete  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for incorporating radioactive phosphoric acid solutions in concrete is described wherein the phosphoric acid is reacted with Ca(OH).sub.2 to form a precipitate of hydroxyapatite and the hydroxyapatite is mixed with portland cement to form concrete.

Wolf, Gary A [Kennewick, WA; Smith, Jeffrey W [Lancaster, OH; Ihle, Nathan C [Walla Walla, WA

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Method for incorporating radioactive phosphoric acid solutions in concrete  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for incorporating radioactive phosphoric acid solutions in concrete is described wherein the phosphoric acid is reacted with Ca(OH)/sub 2/ to form a precipitate of hydroxyapatite and the hydroxyapatite is mixed with Portland cement to form concrete.

Wolf, G.A.; Smith, J.W.; Ihle, N.C.

1982-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

159

GROUP 3 -Ownership, economic aspects, green energy legislation. Here are a few thoughts: treat this as an open-ended set of questions, which go far beyond this list.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GROUP 3 - Ownership, economic aspects, green energy legislation. Here are a few thoughts: treat will be competing, and will the price of the new electricity be competitive? How has green- energy legislation? In particular, what is the reality of subsidized green energy prices for electricity? Are they a short

160

Prospects for neutron-antineutron transition search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presently-available sources of free neutrons can allow an improvement in the discovery potential of a neutron-antineutron transition search by four orders of magnitude as compared to that of the most recent reactor-based search experiment performed at ILL in Grenoble. This would be equivalent to a characteristic neutron-antineutron transition time limit of >10{sup 10} seconds. With future dedicated neutron-source Facilities, with further progress in cold-neutron- moderator techniques, and with a vertical experiment layout, the discovery potential could ultimately be pushed by another factor of {approximately}100 corresponding to a characteristic transition time limit of {approximately}10{sup 11} seconds. Prospects for, and relative merits of, a neutron-antineutron oscillation search in intranuclear transitions are also discussed.

Kamyshkov, Y. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)][Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

PROSPECT - A precision oscillation and spectrum experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Segmented antineutrino detectors placed near a compact research reactor provide an excellent opportunity to probe short-baseline neutrino oscillations and precisely measure the reactor antineutrino spectrum. Close proximity to a reactor combined with minimal overburden yield a high background environment that must be managed through shielding and detector technology. PROSPECT is a new experimental effort to detect reactor antineutrinos from the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, managed by UT Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy. The detector will use novel lithium-loaded liquid scintillator capable of neutron/gamma pulse shape discrimination and neutron capture tagging. These enhancements improve the ability to identify neutrino inverse-beta decays and reject background events in analysis. Results from these efforts will be covered along with their implications for an oscillation search and a precision spectrum measurement.

T. J. Langford

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

162

PROSPECT - A precision oscillation and spectrum experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Segmented antineutrino detectors placed near a compact research reactor provide an excellent opportunity to probe short-baseline neutrino oscillations and precisely measure the reactor antineutrino spectrum. Close proximity to a reactor combined with minimal overburden yield a high background environment that must be managed through shielding and detector technology. PROSPECT is a new experimental effort to detect reactor antineutrinos from the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, managed by UT Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy. The detector will use novel lithium-loaded liquid scintillator capable of neutron/gamma pulse shape discrimination and neutron capture tagging. These enhancements improve the ability to identify neutrino inverse-beta decays and reject background events in analysis. Results from these efforts will be covered along with their implications for an oscillation search and a precision spectrum measurement.

,

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Generating expansion model incorporating compact DC power flow equations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a compact method of incorporating the spatial dimension into the generation expansion problem. Compact DC power flow equations are used to provide real-power flow coordination equations. Using these equations the marginal contribution of a generator to th total system loss is formulated as a function of that generator`s output. Incorporating these flow equations directly into the MIP formulation of the generator expansion problem results in a model that captures a generator`s true net marginal cost, one that includes both the cost of generation and the cost of transport. This method contrasts with other methods that iterate between a generator expansion model and an optimal power flow model. The proposed model is very compact and has very good convergence performance. A case study with data from Kenya is used to provide a practical application to the model.

Nderitu, D.G.; Sparrow, F.T.; Yu, Z. [Purdue Inst. for Interdisciplinary Engineering Studies, West Lafayette, IN (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

164

Engineering internship at Brown & Root, Incorporated: a report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Report by RANDALL JOE GANNAWAY Submitted to the College of Engineering Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree DOCTOR OF ENGINEERING December 1977 Major Subjects Industrial Engineering A Report... e of Engineering) W. Smith (Member) December 1977 A Report on an Engineering Internship at Brown & Root, Incorporated. (December 1977) Randall Joe Gannaway, B.S., Texas A&M University; M.E., Texas A&M University Co-Chairmen of Advisory...

Gannaway, Randall Joe, 1952-

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

165

Transporting US oil imports: The impact of oil spill legislation on the tanker market. Draft final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (``OPA``) and an even more problematic array of State pollution laws have raised the cost, and risk, of carrying oil into and out of the US. This report, prepared under contract to the US Department of energy`s Office of Domestic and International Policy, examines the impact of Federal and State oil spill legislation on the tanker market. It reviews the role of marine transportation in US oil supply, explores the OPA and State oil spill laws, studies reactions to OPA in the tanker and tank barge industries and in related industries such as insurance and ship finance, and finally, discusses the likely developments in the years ahead. US waterborne oil imports amounted to 6.5 million B/D in 1991, three-quarters of which was crude oil. Imports will rise by almost 3 million B/D by 2000 according to US Department of energy forecasts, with most of the crude oil growth after 1995. Tanker demand will grow even faster: most of the US imports and the increased traffic to other world consuming regions will be on long-haul trades. Both the number of US port calls by tankers and the volume of offshore lightering will grow. Every aspect of the tanker industry`s behavior is affected by OPA and a variety of State pollution laws.

Rowland, P.J. [Rowland (P.) Associates (United States)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Prospects and Limitations of Algorithmic Cooling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat-bath algorithmic cooling (AC) of spins is a theoretically powerful effective cooling approach, that (ideally) cools spins with low polarization exponentially better than cooling by reversible entropy manipulations alone. Here, we investigate the limitations and prospects of AC. For non-ideal and semioptimal AC, we study the impact of finite relaxation times of reset and computation spins on the achievable effective cooling. We derive, via simulations, the attainable cooling levels for given ratios of relaxation times using two semioptimal practicable algorithms. We expect this analysis to be valuable for the planning of future experiments. For ideal and optimal AC, we make use of lower bounds on the number of required reset steps, based on entropy considerations, to present important consequences of using AC as a tool for improving signal-to-noise ratio in liquid-state magnetic resonance spectroscopy. We discuss the potential use of AC for noninvasive clinical diagnosis and drug monitoring, where it may have significantly lower specific absorption rate (SAR) with respect to currently used methods.

Gilles Brassard; Yuval Elias; Tal Mor; Yossi Weinstein

2014-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

167

High Energy Polarization of Blazars : Detection Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emission from blazar jets in the ultraviolet, optical, and infrared is polarized. If these low-energy photons were inverse-Compton scattered, the upscattered high-energy photons retain a fraction of the polarization. Current and future X-ray and gamma-ray polarimeters such as INTEGRAL-SPI, PoGOLITE, X-Calibur, Gamma-Ray Burst Polarimeter, GEMS-like missions, ASTRO-H, and POLARIX have the potential to discover polarized X-rays and gamma-rays from blazar jets for the first time. Detection of such polarization will open a qualitatively new window into high-energy blazar emission; actual measurements of polarization degree and angle will quantitatively test theories of jet emission mechanisms. We examine the detection prospects of blazars by these polarimetry missions using examples of 3C 279, PKS 1510-089, and 3C 454.3, bright sources with relatively high degrees of low-energy polarization. We conclude that while balloon polarimeters will be challenged to detect blazars within reasonable observational times (wit...

Chakraborty, Nachiketa; Fields, Brian

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Health, Ageing and Ethnicity: A Retrospective and Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Health, Ageing and Ethnicity: A Retrospective and Prospects Naina Patel, PhD. Dr. Patel called Minority Elderly Care (MEC) under the EC 5th Framework Research Programme. Formerly the UK

169

The Future of Imaging Spectroscopy Prospective Technologies and Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and intelligent on-board logic are prime prospective technologies. Scalable approaches in pre-processing for the detection of hydrothermal alteration minerals as proposed by A.F.H. Goetz), as well as first imaging

Dozier, Jeff

170

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS OF FOREST-DEPENDENT COMMUNITIES: ANALYZING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS OF FOREST-DEPENDENT COMMUNITIES: ANALYZING TRADE-OFFS USING of wood fiber for community stability, and financial returns for economic diversification. We address weighting of objectives. Economic development outcomes obtained using compromise and fuzzy programming

171

FOREST PRODUCTS MARKET IN 2007 AND PROSPECTS FOR 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 FOREST PRODUCTS MARKET IN 2007 AND PROSPECTS FOR 2008 IN ROMANIA 1.General economic trends affecting the forest and forest industries sector In Romania, the year 2007 represents the sixth consecutive

172

A Geothermal Field Model Based On Geophysical And Thermal Prospectings...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Model Based On Geophysical And Thermal Prospectings In Nea Kessani (Ne Greece) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: A Geothermal...

173

Legislating the rights of private property owners: a review and analysis of actions in the 103rd and 104th Congresses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Member Committee Member August 1995 Record of Study LEGISLATING THE RIGHTS OF PRIVATE PROPERTY OWNERS: A REVIEW AND ANALYSIS OF ACTIONS IN THE 103RD AND 104TH CONGRESSES A PROFESSIONAL PAPER by Hannah Elizabeth Kerby Submitted to the College... of Agriculture and Life Sciences of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF AGRICULTURE August 1995 Department of Agricultural Education Agricultural Development ABSTRACT Private property rights...

Kerby, Hannah Elizabeth

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Texas Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Report for the TERP Advisory Board Meeting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESL-TR-02/06-01 TEXAS1 SENATE BILL 5 LEGISLATION FOR REDUCING POLLUTION IN NON- ATTAINMENT AND AFFECTED AREAS: Report for the TERP Advisory Board Meeting Jeff Haberl, Charles Culp, Bahman Yazdani, Tom Fitzpatrick, Dan Turner Energy Systems... Laboratory (ESL) Texas A&M University System June 2002 ENERGY SYSTEMS LABORATORY Texas Engineering Experiment Station Texas A&M University System TERP Report p. 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This report outlines the Energy Systems Laboratory's responsibilities...

Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Blue Ridge Parkway Incorporates Alternative  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout theOFFICE OFFuels in Its Fleet Blue Ridge Parkway Incorporates

176

Library legislation in Zambia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This dissertation investigates and justifies the need for a public library law in Zambia to lay the foundation for the provision and development of public (more)

Kantumoya, Albert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Contribution of Geophysical Prospecting to Geohazard Evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The physical properties of the subsoil are studied using geophysical methods. These studies are always indirect, such as gravimetric, magnetometric, magnetotelluric or reflection-refraction seismic surveys and are often combined to obtain more accurate and reliable results. With these tools the oil industry commonly investigates the sedimentary basins to localize structures that may favor the accumulation of hydrocarbons. Above all, seismic prospecting allow the understanding of the underground geology, defining boundaries of the geological formations as well as mechanical and physical properties of the rocks. New cutting-edge techniques allow high quality data to be obtained in almost all geological contexts and make reflection seismic the most powerful tool in subsurface observations. The seismic method was utilized in geothermal resources investigation, research of water strategic resources, volcanic risks assessment, etc. The refraction method was the first to be used in the exploration of oil reservoirs. At present the industry employs mainly refraction seismics to study shallow formations. Conversely, university researchers have applied wide-angle reflection-refraction surveys to localize deep crustal interfaces analyzing the high amplitudes of the wide-angle reflections and the velocities obtained from the refracted signals. Moho discontinuity and velocity distribution within the crust were mapped out, indicating thickness and boundary conditions in different geological settings. The maps have been used in the analysis of geodynamical behavior and of active movements within the crust, useful for seismotectonic investigations. The further addition of the seismic reflection imaging, with deep penetration and long transects, completed multidisciplinary programs to unravel the structure of the crust with clear seismic images and models. High-resolution application of seismic has a central role in the identification and characterization of seismotectonic and seismogenetic zones and of the related capable faults. The earthquakes represent an important external risk for key constructions and nuclear power plants and capable faults cause near-surface displacements being considered to be the more critical for site safety. A close cooperation among geophysicists, geologists and seismologists is recommended in the hazards evaluation, alike in macrozoning for location of seismic sources and in microzoning for the measure of terrains mechanical properties and dynamic responses. Here I present and discuss the results of integrated multidisciplinary studies to unravel the peculiarity of the crustal structures and seismicity in Southern Tuscany, Italy.

Nicolich, Rinaldo [Department of Civil Engineering, University of Trieste, via Valerio 10, I-34127 Trieste (Italy)

2006-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

178

Net Metering and Interconnection Procedures-- Incorporating Best Practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

State utility commissions and utilities themselves are actively developing and revising their procedures for the interconnection and net metering of distributed generation. However, the procedures most often used by regulators and utilities as models have not been updated in the past three years, in which time most of the distributed solar facilities in the United States have been installed. In that period, the Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) has been a participant in more than thirty state utility commission rulemakings regarding interconnection and net metering of distributed generation. With the knowledge gained from this experience, IREC has updated its model procedures to incorporate current best practices. This paper presents the most significant changes made to IREC???¢????????s model interconnection and net metering procedures.

Jason Keyes, Kevin Fox, Joseph Wiedman, Staff at North Carolina Solar Center

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Flow cytometric measurement of total DNA and incorporated halodeoxyuridine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for the simultaneous flow cylometric measurement of total cellular DNA content and of the uptake of DNA precursors as a measure of DNA synthesis during various phases of the cell cycle in normal and malignant cells in vitro and in vivo is described. The method comprises reacting cells with labelled halodeoxyuridine (HdU), partially denaturing cellular DNA, adding to the reaction medium monoclonal antibodies (mabs) reactive with HdU, reacting the bound mabs with a second labelled antibody, incubating the mixture with a DNA stain, and measuring simultaneously the intensity of the DNA stain as a measure of the total cellular DNA and the HdU incorporated as a measure of DNA synthesis. (ACR)

Dolbeare, F.A.; Gray, J.W.

1983-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

180

Incorporating uncertainty in RADTRAN 6.0 input files.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uncertainty may be introduced into RADTRAN analyses by distributing input parameters. The MELCOR Uncertainty Engine (Gauntt and Erickson, 2004) has been adapted for use in RADTRAN to determine the parameter shape and minimum and maximum of the distribution, to sample on the distribution, and to create an appropriate RADTRAN batch file. Coupling input parameters is not possible in this initial application. It is recommended that the analyst be very familiar with RADTRAN and able to edit or create a RADTRAN input file using a text editor before implementing the RADTRAN Uncertainty Analysis Module. Installation of the MELCOR Uncertainty Engine is required for incorporation of uncertainty into RADTRAN. Gauntt and Erickson (2004) provides installation instructions as well as a description and user guide for the uncertainty engine.

Dennis, Matthew L.; Weiner, Ruth F.; Heames, Terence John (Alion Science and Technology)

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Efficient incorporation of silver to improve superconducting fibers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved method for the efficient incorporation of a metal such as silver in a superconducting material includes blending the metal with a high temperature superconductor or precursor powder and consolidating the same into pellets. The pellets are charged directly into a heating assembly where it is melted and heated sufficiently to a uniform temperature prior to fiberization. Droplets of the melted blend fall through a collar into a nozzle where they are subjected to a high velocity gas to break the melted material into ligaments which solidify into improved flexible fibers having the metal homogeneously dis This invention was made with Government support under a contract with the Department of Energy (DOE) and Ames Laboratory, Contract No. SC-91-225, our reference No. CRD-1272. The Government has certain rights in this invention.

Gleixner, Richard A. (North Canton, OH); LaCount, Dale F. (Alliance, OH); Finnemore, Douglas K. (Ames, IA)

1994-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

182

Reliability assessment of autonomous power systems incorporating HVDC interconnection links  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to present an improved computational method for the overall reliability assessment of autonomous power systems that may or may not contain HVdc interconnection links. This is a hybrid method based on a Monte-Carlo simulation sequential approach which incorporates an analytical approach for the reliability modeling of the HVdc transmission links. The developed models and techniques have been implemented into a computer program that can be used to simulate the operational practices and characteristics of the overall system under study efficiently and realistically. A set of reliability indices are calculated for each load-point of interest and the entire system while a set of additional indices is calculated for quantifying the reliability performance of the interconnection links under the specified operating requirements. The analysis of a practical system is also included for a number of studies representing its various operating and design characteristics.

Dialynas, E.N.; Koskolos, N.C. [National Technical Univ., Athens (Greece). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering] [National Technical Univ., Athens (Greece). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Agoris, D. [Public Power Corp., Athens (Greece)] [Public Power Corp., Athens (Greece)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Status and Prospects of the Fast Ignition Inertial Fusion Concept  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fast ignition is an alternate concept in inertial confinement fusion, which has the potential for easier ignition and greater energy multiplication. If realized it could improve the prospects for inertial fusion energy. It poses stimulating challenges in science and technology and the research is approaching a key stage in which the feasibility of fast ignition will be determined. This review covers the concepts, the state of the science and technology, the near term prospects and the challenges and risks involved in demonstrating high gain fast ignition.

Key, M H

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

184

Bushland Management For Water Yield: Prospects for Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TDOC Z TA245.7 B873 no.1569 LIBRARY :JUNo 91987 I 1 Texas A&M University Brushland Management for Water Yield: Prospects for Texas THE TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION/Neville P. Clarke, Director/The Texas A&M University System.../College Station, Texas B-1569 May 1987 [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] BRUSHLAND MANAGEMENT FOR WATER YIELD: PROSPECTS FOR TEXAS Bruce A. McCarl Professor- Agricultural Economics Ronald C. Griffin Associate Professor- Agricultural Economics Ronald A...

McCarl, Bruce A.; Griffin, Ronald C.; Kaiser, Ronald A.; Freeman, Lansingh S.; Blackburn, Wilbert H.; Jordan, Wayne R.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

International prospects for clean coal technologies (Focus on Asia)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to propose Asia as a focus market for commercialization of CCT`s; describe the principles for successful penetration of CCT`s in the international market; and summarize prospects for CCT`s in Asia and other international markets. The paper outlines the following: Southern Company`s clean coal commitment; acquisition of Consolidated Electric Power Asia (CEPA); the prospects for CCT`s internationally; requirements for CCT`s widespread commercialization; CEPA`s application of CCT`s; and gas turbine power plants as a perfect example of a commercialization driver.

Gallaspy, D.T. [Southern Energy, Inc., Atlanta, GA (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

186

Wilolud Online Journals, 2008. THE NIGERIAN FUEL ENERGY SUPPLY CRISIS AND THE PROPOSED PRIVATE REFINERIES PROSPECTS AND PROBLEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamism of the world economy has compelled Nigerians to accept the liberalization of its economy to encourage private sector participation and induce managerial efficiency. This has become very imperative most especially, in the downstream sub-sector of the Nigerian oil and gas industry by the establishment and management of private refineries in view of the persistent fuel energy crisis. An attempt is made here at analyzing the prospects and problems of such refineries that are expected to end the fuel energy crisis which started in the 1970s due to increased demand for petroleum products for rehabilitation and reconstruction after the civil war but later metamorphosed into a hydraheaded monster in the 1980s to date. Efforts towards arresting this crisis by the government through the establishment of more refineries, storage depots and network of distribution pipelines etc achieved a short-term solution due to the abysmal low performance of the refineries and facilities in contrast to increasing demand for petroleum products. It is deduced that the low performance resulted from bad and corrupt management by indigenous technocrats and political leaders as well as vandalization of facilities. Prospects for such investments were identified, as well as some of the problems to content with. This is in order to understand the pros and cons of such investments in view of their capital intensiveness and the need to achieve economic goals that must incorporate environmental and social objectives.

Agwom Sani Z

187

Prospects of graphene electrodes in photovoltaics Yasin Khatami, Wei Liu, Jiahao Kang, and Kaustav Banerjee*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prospects of graphene electrodes in photovoltaics Yasin Khatami, Wei Liu, Jiahao Kang, and Kaustav, the prospects of graphene for transparent conductors in photovoltaics are discussed. The recent advancements in a controllable manner. Keywords: Graphene, photovoltaics, transparent conductor 1. INTRODUCTION Transparent

188

Energy Efficiency Measures to Incorporate into Remodeling Projects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy improvements in a home are often approached as one concerted effort, beginning with a simple walk-through assessment or more in-depth energy audit and followed by the installation of recommended energy measures. While this approach allows for systems thinking to guide the efforts, comprehensive energy improvements of this nature are undertaken by a relatively small number of the households in our nation compared to more piecemeal remodeling efforts. Even when programs like the Weatherization Assistance Program and Home Performance with ENERGY STAR are considered, homes that have had a comprehensive energy makeover still represent a small fraction of the 111.1 million households. In this report, the U.S Department of Energy Building America Retrofit Alliance research team looks at the improvement of a home's energy performance in an opportunistic way: it examines what can be done to incorporate energy efficiency measures into general remodeling work and home repair projects. This allows for the possibility for people who would not normally pursue energy efficiency but will remodel their kitchen or re-side their home to improve their home's performance at the same time. There are challenges to this approach, not the least of which being that the work will take place over time in potentially many separate projects. The opportunity to improve a home's energy efficiency at one time expands or contracts with the scope of the remodel. As such, guidance on how to do each piece thoughtfully and with consideration for potential future projects, is critical.

Liaukus, C.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Shale-oil-recovery systems incorporating ore beneficiation. Final report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study analyzed the recovery of oil from oil shale by use of proposed systems which incorporate beneficiation of the shale ore (that is concentration of the kerogen before the oil-recovery step). The objective was to identify systems which could be more attractive than conventional surface retorting of ore. No experimental work was carried out. The systems analyzed consisted of beneficiation methods which could increase kerogen concentrations by at least four-fold. Potentially attractive low-enrichment methods such as density separation were not examined. The technical alternatives considered were bounded by the secondary crusher as input and raw shale oil as output. A sequence of ball milling, froth flotation, and retorting concentrate is not attractive for Western shales compared to conventional ore retorting; transporting the concentrate to another location for retorting reduces air emissions in the ore region but cost reduction is questionable. The high capital and energy cost s results largely from the ball milling step which is very inefficient. Major improvements in comminution seem achievable through research and such improvements, plus confirmation of other assumptions, could make high-enrichment beneficiation competitive with conventional processing. 27 figures, 23 tables.

Weiss, M.A.; Klumpar, I.V.; Peterson, C.R.; Ring, T.A.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

TRiPoD (Temporal Relationalism incorporating Principles of Dynamics)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporal Relationalism is that there is no time for the universe as a whole at the primary level. Time emerges rather at a secondary level; one compelling idea for this is Mach's: that time is to be abstracted from change. Temporal Relationalism leads to, and better explains, the well-known Frozen Formalism Problem encountered in GR and other background-independent theories at the quantum level. Abstraction from change is then a type of emergent time resolution of this. Moreover, the Frozen Formalism Problem is but one of the many Problem of Time facets, which are notoriously interconnected. The current article concerns modifications of physical formalism which ensure that once Temporal Relationalism is resolved, it stays incorporated. At the classical level, this involves modifying much of the Principles of Dynamics. I first introduce the anti-Routhian to complete the Legendre square of Lagrangian, Hamiltonian and Routhian. I next pass from velocities $\\dot{Q}\\mbox{}^{A}$ to changes d$Q^{A}$. Then Lagrangians are supplanted by Jacobi arc elements, Euler--Lagrange equations by Jacobi--Mach ones, and momentum requires redefining but actions remain unchanged. A differential (d) version of the Hamiltonian is required, giving rise to a variant of the Dirac approach based on a d-almost Hamiltonian subcase of the d-anti Routhian. On the other hand, the forms of the constraints themselves, and of Hamilton--Jacobi theory, remain unaltered.

Edward Anderson

2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

191

Structural Modification in Carbon Nanotubes by Boron Incorporation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract We have synthesized boron-incorporated carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by decomposition of ferrocene and xylene in a thermal chemical vapor deposition set up using boric acid as the boron source. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy studies of the synthesized CNT samples showed that there was deterioration in crystallinity and improvement in alignment of the CNTs as the boron content in precursor solution increased from 0 % to 15%. Raman analysis of these samples showed a shift of *7 cm-1 in wave number to higher side and broadening of the G band with increasing boron concentration along with an increase in intensity of the G band. Furthermore, there was an increase in the intensity of the D band along with a decrease in its wave number position with increase in boron content. We speculate that these structural modifications in the morphology and microstructure of CNTs might be due to the charge transfer from boron to the graphite matrix, resulting in shortening of the carbon carbon bonds.

Uja P. Srivastava; V. D. Vankar

192

Digital Styling for Designers: in Prospective Automotive Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Digital Styling for Designers: in Prospective Automotive Design Seok-Hyung Bae and Ryugo Kijima}@vsl.gifu-u.ac.jp Abstract. Although a great part of the new-product development process in automotive industry is already-aided styling (CAS), (2) to propose desirable CAS guidelines reflecting the characteristics of the automotive

Toronto, University of

193

First events and prospects at the Fermilab collider  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A brief description of the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) is given including the detector components and the data acquisition system. The first test run, the first events, and the performance of the detector are discussed. Finally the prospects for future running are reviewed.

Binkley, M.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Cognitive neuroscience: Development and prospects MICHAEL I POSNER1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive neuroscience: Development and prospects MICHAEL I POSNER1, and SHOBINI RAO2 1 Department 560 029, India e-mail: mposner@uoregon.edu The field of cognitive neuroscience has enjoyed the exploration of brain networks related to a large number of cognitive, emotional and social tasks

Joshi, Yogesh Moreshwar

195

Automated Planning for Hydrothermal Vent Prospecting Using AUVs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automated Planning for Hydrothermal Vent Prospecting Using AUVs Zeyn A Saigol A thesis submitted of searching the ocean floor for hydrothermal vents, using autonomous under- water vehicles (AUVs decision process (POMDP), but with a very large state space (of the order of 10123 states). This size

Yao, Xin

196

Prospects for Rare Earth Elements From Marine Minerals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prospects for Rare Earth Elements From Marine Minerals Rare earth elements (REEs) compose in the earth's crust. However, because of their geochemical proper es, rare earth elements are typically. Briefing Paper 02/12 Jim Hein | May 2012 www.isa.org.jm Table 1: Rare Earth Elements This paper

197

Coal prospects and policies in IEA countries, 1983 review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book reviews coal policies and prospects in IEA countries and major non-IEA coal exporting countries. It also considers demand, production, infrastructure, prices, and environment issues. The review also suggests ways to promote demand for coal as a way of improving energy security in IEA countries.

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

State of the economy and the prospect for recovery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

State of the economy and the prospect for recovery According to Dr. Ira Kalish, the director of global economics at Deloitte Research, the global economy has "stabilized" somewhat in the first quarter policy in the economy. Although the impact of the federal government stimulus package was debated

Moore, Paul A.

199

Alkaline industrial waters and wetlands: prospects for effective treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Alkaline industrial waters and wetlands: prospects for effective treatment Will Mayes1 & Jon · Circum-neutral pH, high Fe concentrations Treatment wetlands and post-industrial pollution Taff Merthyr The basis for treatment wetlands · `Volunteer' wetlands · pH 12 lime spoil leachate · pH 12 steel slag

Heal, Kate

200

Examining Decision-making Surrounding the Use of Managed Lanes by Katy Freeway Travelers: A Prospect Theory Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................... 1 2. OBJECTIVES .............................................................................................................. 5 3. LITERATURE... REVIEW ............................................................................................ 8 3.1 Status of Current Research in Prospect Theory ................................................ 8 3.2 Previous Studies Applying Prospect Theory...

Huang, Chao

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Incorporating Genomics and Bioinformatics across the Life Sciences Curriculum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Undergraduate life sciences education needs an overhaul, as clearly described in the National Research Council of the National Academies publication BIO 2010: Transforming Undergraduate Education for Future Research Biologists. Among BIO 2010's top recommendations is the need to involve students in working with real data and tools that reflect the nature of life sciences research in the 21st century. Education research studies support the importance of utilizing primary literature, designing and implementing experiments, and analyzing results in the context of a bona fide scientific question in cultivating the analytical skills necessary to become a scientist. Incorporating these basic scientific methodologies in undergraduate education leads to increased undergraduate and post-graduate retention in the sciences. Toward this end, many undergraduate teaching organizations offer training and suggestions for faculty to update and improve their teaching approaches to help students learn as scientists, through design and discovery (e.g., Council of Undergraduate Research [www.cur.org] and Project Kaleidoscope [www.pkal.org]). With the advent of genome sequencing and bioinformatics, many scientists now formulate biological questions and interpret research results in the context of genomic information. Just as the use of bioinformatic tools and databases changed the way scientists investigate problems, it must change how scientists teach to create new opportunities for students to gain experiences reflecting the influence of genomics, proteomics, and bioinformatics on modern life sciences research. Educators have responded by incorporating bioinformatics into diverse life science curricula. While these published exercises in, and guidelines for, bioinformatics curricula are helpful and inspirational, faculty new to the area of bioinformatics inevitably need training in the theoretical underpinnings of the algorithms. Moreover, effectively integrating bioinformatics into courses or independent research projects requires infrastructure for organizing and assessing student work. Here, we present a new platform for faculty to keep current with the rapidly changing field of bioinformatics, the Integrated Microbial Genomes Annotation Collaboration Toolkit (IMG-ACT). It was developed by instructors from both research-intensive and predominately undergraduate institutions in collaboration with the Department of Energy-Joint Genome Institute (DOE-JGI) as a means to innovate and update undergraduate education and faculty development. The IMG-ACT program provides a cadre of tools, including access to a clearinghouse of genome sequences, bioinformatics databases, data storage, instructor course management, and student notebooks for organizing the results of their bioinformatic investigations. In the process, IMG-ACT makes it feasible to provide undergraduate research opportunities to a greater number and diversity of students, in contrast to the traditional mentor-to-student apprenticeship model for undergraduate research, which can be too expensive and time-consuming to provide for every undergraduate. The IMG-ACT serves as the hub for the network of faculty and students that use the system for microbial genome analysis. Open access of the IMG-ACT infrastructure to participating schools ensures that all types of higher education institutions can utilize it. With the infrastructure in place, faculty can focus their efforts on the pedagogy of bioinformatics, involvement of students in research, and use of this tool for their own research agenda. What the original faculty members of the IMG-ACT development team present here is an overview of how the IMG-ACT program has affected our development in terms of teaching and research with the hopes that it will inspire more faculty to get involved.

Ditty, Jayna L.; Kvaal, Christopher A.; Goodner, Brad; Freyermuth, Sharyn K.; Bailey, Cheryl; Britton, Robert A.; Gordon, Stuart G.; Heinhorst, Sabine; Reed, Kelynne; Xu, Zhaohui; Sanders-Lorenz, Erin R.; Axen, Seth; Kim, Edwin; Johns, Mitrick; Scott, Kathleen; Kerfeld, Cheryl A.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

PEM Electrolyzer Incorporating an Advanced Low-Cost Membrane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) has identified hydrogen production by electrolysis of water at forecourt stations as a critical technology for transition to the hydrogen economy; however, the cost of hydrogen produced by present commercially available electrolysis systems is considerably higher than the DOE 2015 and 2020 cost targets. Analyses of proton-exchange membrane (PEM) electrolyzer systems indicate that reductions in electricity consumption and electrolyzer stack and system capital cost are required to meet the DOE cost targets. The primary objective is to develop and demonstrate a cost-effective energy-based system for electrolytic generation of hydrogen. The goal is to increase PEM electrolyzer efficiency and to reduce electrolyzer stack and system capital cost to meet the DOE cost targets for distributed electrolysis. To accomplish this objective, work was conducted by a team consisting of Giner, Inc. (Giner), Virginia Polytechnic Institute & University (VT), and domnick hunter group, a subsidiary of Parker Hannifin (Parker). The project focused on four (4) key areas: (1) development of a high-efficiency, high-strength membrane; (2) development of a long-life cell-separator; (3) scale-up of cell active area to 290 cm2 (from 160 cm); and (4) development of a prototype commercial electrolyzer system. In each of the key stack development areas Giner and our team members conducted focused development in laboratory-scale hardware, with analytical support as necessary, followed by life-testing of the most promising candidate materials. Selected components were then scaled up and incorporated into low-cost scaled-up stack hardware. The project culminated in the fabrication and testing of a highly efficient electrolyzer system for production of 0.5 kg/hr hydrogen and validation of the stack and system in testing at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).

Hamdan, Monjid [Giner, Inc.] [Giner, Inc.

2013-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

203

Incorporating uncertainty into electric utility projections and decisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper focuses on how electric utility companies can respond in their decision making to uncertain variables. Here we take a mean- variance type of approach. The mean'' value is an expected cost, on a discounted value basis. We assume that management has risk preferences incorporating a tradeoff between the mean and variance in the utility's net income. Decisions that utilities are faced with can be classified into two types: ex ante and ex post. The ex ante decisions need to be made prior to the uncertainty being revealed and the ex post decision can be postponed until after the uncertainty is revealed. Intuitively, we can say that the ex ante decisions provide a hedge against the uncertainties and the ex post decisions allow the negative outcomes of uncertain variables to be partially mitigated, dampening the losses. An example of an ex post decision is how the system is operated i.e., unit dispatch, and in some cases switching among types of fuels, say with different sulfur contents. For example, if gas prices go up, natural gas combined cycle units are likely to be dispatched at lower capacity factors. If SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices go up, a utility may seek to switch into a lower sulfur coal. Here we assume that regulated electric utilities do have some incentive to lower revenue requirements and hence an incentive to lower the electric rates needed for the utility to break even, thereby earning a fair return on invested capital. This paper presents the general approach first, including applications to capacity expansion and system dispatch. Then a case study is presented focusing on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments including SO{sub 2} emissions abatement and banking of allowances under uncertainty. It is concluded that the emission banking decisions should not be made in isolation but rather all the uncertainties in demand, fuel prices, technology performance etc., should be included in the uncertainty analysis affecting emission banking.

Hanson, D.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Incorporating uncertainty into electric utility projections and decisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper focuses on how electric utility companies can respond in their decision making to uncertain variables. Here we take a mean- variance type of approach. The ``mean`` value is an expected cost, on a discounted value basis. We assume that management has risk preferences incorporating a tradeoff between the mean and variance in the utility`s net income. Decisions that utilities are faced with can be classified into two types: ex ante and ex post. The ex ante decisions need to be made prior to the uncertainty being revealed and the ex post decision can be postponed until after the uncertainty is revealed. Intuitively, we can say that the ex ante decisions provide a hedge against the uncertainties and the ex post decisions allow the negative outcomes of uncertain variables to be partially mitigated, dampening the losses. An example of an ex post decision is how the system is operated i.e., unit dispatch, and in some cases switching among types of fuels, say with different sulfur contents. For example, if gas prices go up, natural gas combined cycle units are likely to be dispatched at lower capacity factors. If SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices go up, a utility may seek to switch into a lower sulfur coal. Here we assume that regulated electric utilities do have some incentive to lower revenue requirements and hence an incentive to lower the electric rates needed for the utility to break even, thereby earning a fair return on invested capital. This paper presents the general approach first, including applications to capacity expansion and system dispatch. Then a case study is presented focusing on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments including SO{sub 2} emissions abatement and banking of allowances under uncertainty. It is concluded that the emission banking decisions should not be made in isolation but rather all the uncertainties in demand, fuel prices, technology performance etc., should be included in the uncertainty analysis affecting emission banking.

Hanson, D.A.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

ANALYSIS OF SOLVENT RECOVERED FROM WRIGHT INDUSTRIES, INCORPORATED TESTING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Washington Savannah River Company (WSRC) began designing and building a Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) Unit (MCU) at the Savannah River Site (SRS) to process liquid waste for an interim period. The MCU Project Team conducted testing of the contactors, coalescers, and decanters at Wright Industries, Incorporated (WII) in Nashville, Tennessee. That testing used MCU solvent and simulated SRS dissolved salt. Because of the value of the solvent, the MCU Project wishes to recover it for use in the MCU process in the H-Tank Farm. Following testing, WII recovered approximately 62 gallons of solvent (with entrained aqueous) and shipped it to SRS. The solvent arrived in two stainless steel drums. The MCU Project requested SRNL to analyze the solvent to determine whether it is suitable for use in the MCU Process. SRNL analyzed the solvent for Isopar{reg_sign} L by Gas Chromatography--Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS), for Modifier and BOBCalixC6 by High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), and for Isopar{reg_sign} L-to-Modifier ratio by Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. They also measured the solvent density gravimetrically and used that measurement to calculate the Isopar{reg_sign} L and Modifier concentration. The conclusions from this work are: (1) The constituents of the used WII solvent are collectively low in Isopar{reg_sign} L, most likely due to evaporation. This can be easily corrected through the addition of Isopar{reg_sign} L. (2) Compared to a sample of the WII Partial Solvent (without BOBCalixC6) archived before transfer to WII, the Reworked WII Solvent showed a significant improvement (i.e., nearly doubling) in the dispersion numbers for tests with simulated salt solution and with strip acid. Hence, the presence of the plasticizer impurity has no detrimental impact on phase separation. While there are no previous dispersion tests using the exact same materials, the results seem to indicate that the washing of the solvent gives a dispersion benefit. (3) WII Solvent that underwent a cleaning cycle provides an acceptable set of cesium distribution (i.e., D) values when used in a standard Extraction, Scrub, and Strip (ESS) test.

Poirier, M; Thomas Peters, T; Fernando Fondeur, F; Samuel Fink, S

2007-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

206

Quantifying the system balancing cost when wind energy is incorporated into electricity generation system.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Incorporation of wind energy into the electricity generation system requires a detailed analysis of wind speed in order to minimize system balancing cost and avoid (more)

Issaeva, Natalia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Technical analysis of prospective photovoltaic systems in Utah.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report explores the technical feasibility of prospective utility-scale photovoltaic system (PV) deployments in Utah. Sandia National Laboratories worked with Rocky Mountain Power (RMP), a division of PacifiCorp operating in Utah, to evaluate prospective 2-megawatt (MW) PV plants in different locations with respect to energy production and possible impact on the RMP system and customers. The study focused on 2-MW{sub AC} nameplate PV systems of different PV technologies and different tracking configurations. Technical feasibility was evaluated at three different potential locations in the RMP distribution system. An advanced distribution simulation tool was used to conduct detailed time-series analysis on each feeder and provide results on the impacts on voltage, demand, voltage regulation equipment operations, and flicker. Annual energy performance was estimated.

Quiroz, Jimmy Edward; Cameron, Christopher P.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Light Dark Matter Detection Prospects at Neutrino Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the prospects for the detection of relatively light dark matter through direct annihilation to neutrinos. We specifically focus on the detection possibilities of water Cherenkov and liquid scintillator neutrino detection devices. We find in particular that liquid scintillator detectors may potentially provide excellent detection prospects for dark matter in the 4-10 GeV mass range. These experiments can provide excellent corroborative checks of the DAMA/LIBRA annual modulation signal, but may yield results for low mass dark matter in any case. We identify important tests of the ratio of electron to muon neutrino events (and neutrino versus anti-neutrino events), which discriminate against background atmospheric neutrinos. In addition, the fraction of events which arise from muon neutrinos or anti-neutrinos ($R_{\\mu}$ and $R_{\\bar \\mu}$) can potentially yield information about the branching fractions of hypothetical dark matter annihilations into different neutrino flavors. These results apply to n...

Kumar, Jason; Smith, Stefanie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Prospects for the Higgs Boson Searches with CMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An overview on the prospects for Higgs Boson searches with the CMS detector is presented. Projections have been made to estimate the potential to a possible discovery or exclusion of the Higgs Boson during the run at a center of mass energy of 7 TeV at the LHC, with a recorded integrated luminosity of approximately 1 fb-1, conditions expected by the end of 2011

Matteo Sani

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Prospects of Heavy Neutrino Searches at Future Lepton Colliders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the future prospects of heavy neutrino searches at next generation lepton colliders. In particular, we focus on the planned electron-positron colliders, operating in two different beam modes, namely, $e^+e^-$ and $e^-e^-$. In the $e^+e^-$ beam mode, we consider various production and decay modes of the heavy neutrino ($N$), and find that the final state with $e+2j+\\slashed{E}$, arising from the $e^+e^-\\to N\

Banerjee, Shankha; Ibarra, Alejandro; Mandal, Tanumoy; Mitra, Manimala

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

CONSEIL SCIENTIFIQUE ET DE PROSPECTIVE DE L'IMT (CSP)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CONSEIL SCIENTIFIQUE ET DE PROSPECTIVE DE L'IMT (CSP) 1) Rôle et missions Le CSP réfléchit sur le propositions 2) Composition a. Membres Le CSP est composé de 16 membres permanents de l'IMT. Le Comité de. Recommandations : Le Comité de Direction veille également à ce que les membres du CSP de rang A proposé au Conseil

Lagnoux Renaudie, Agnès

212

Absolute Values of Neutrino Masses: Status and Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compelling evidences in favor of neutrino masses and mixing obtained in the last years in Super-Kamiokande, SNO, KamLAND and other neutrino experiments made the physics of massive and mixed neutrinos a frontier field of research in particle physics and astrophysics. There are many open problems in this new field. In this review we consider the problem of the absolute values of neutrino masses, which apparently is the most difficult one from the experimental point of view. We discuss the present limits and the future prospects of beta-decay neutrino mass measurements and neutrinoless double-beta decay. We consider the important problem of the calculation of nuclear matrix elements of neutrinoless double-beta decay and discuss the possibility to check the results of different model calculations of the nuclear matrix elements through their comparison with the experimental data. We discuss the upper bound of the total mass of neutrinos that was obtained recently from the data of the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey and other cosmological data and we discuss future prospects of the cosmological measurements of the total mass of neutrinos. We discuss also the possibility to obtain information on neutrino masses from the observation of the ultra high-energy cosmic rays (beyond the GZK cutoff). Finally, we review the main aspects of the physics of core-collapse supernovae, the limits on the absolute values of neutrino masses from the observation of SN1987A neutrinos and the future prospects of supernova neutrino detection.

S. M. Bilenky; C. Giunti; J. A. Grifols; E. Masso

2003-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

213

Incorporating Life Cycle Assessment into the LEED Green Building Rating System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incorporating Life Cycle Assessment into the LEED Green Building Rating System by Michael Supervisory Committee Incorporating Life Cycle Assessment into the LEED Green Building Rating System and regional product criteria within the LEED Green Building rating system are not based on comprehensive

Victoria, University of

214

Enhanced carbon dioxide capture upon incorporation of -dimethylethylenediamine in the metalorganic framework CuBTTri  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Introduction The separation of carbon dioxide from nitrogen at low pressures, applicable to postEnhanced carbon dioxide capture upon incorporation of N,N0 -dimethylethylenediamine in the metal-combustion carbon dioxide capture will be judged. The incorporation of N,N0 -dimethylethylenediamine (mmen) into H3

215

IMPROVING FMRI ANALYSIS AND MR RECONSTRUCTION WITH THE INCORPORATION OF MR RELAXIVITIES AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPROVING FMRI ANALYSIS AND MR RECONSTRUCTION WITH THE INCORPORATION OF MR RELAXIVITIES of Philosophy Milwaukee, Wisconsin August 2014 #12;i ABSTRACT IMPROVING FMRI ANALYSIS AND MR RECONSTRUCTION WITH THE INCORPORATION OF MR RELAXIVITIES AND CORRELATION EFFECT EXAMINATION M. Muge Karaman Marquette University

Rowe, Daniel B.

216

Hydrogen and minor element incorporation in synthetic rutile G. D. BROMILEY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen and minor element incorporation in synthetic rutile G. D. BROMILEY 1,2, * AND N. HILAIRET from substitutional defects. KEYWORDS: rutile, hydrogen, substitution, solubility, spectroscopy of lower- valence cations may be charge-balanced by incorporation of hydrogen in the rutile structure

217

The New Mexico Higher Education Department (NMHED) has informed the University of New Mexico (UNM) that they believe current available funds for the Legislative Lottery Scholarship (LLS) may be  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The New Mexico Higher Education Department (NMHED) has informed the University of New Mexico (UNM) that they believe current available funds for the Legislative Lottery Scholarship (LLS) may be insufficient to cover funding for the spring semester while the legislature works on the future solvency of the LLS program

Maccabe, Barney

218

Tomorrow optical interferometry: astrophysical prospects and instrumental issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interferometry has brought many new constraints in optical astronomy in the recent years. A major leap in this field is the opening of large interferometric facilities like the Very Large Telescope Interferometer and the Keck Interferometer to the astronomical community. Planning for the future is both easy --most specialists know in which directions to develop interferometry-- and difficult because of the increasing complexity of the technique. I present a short status of interferometry today. Then I detail the possible astrophysical prospects. Finally I address some important instrumental issues that are decisive for the future of interferometry.

F. Malbet

2006-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

219

Prospecting by sampling and analysis of airborne particulates and gases  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is claimed for prospecting by sampling airborne particulates or gases at a ground position and recording wind direction values at the time of sampling. The samples are subsequently analyzed to determine the concentrations of a desired material or the ratios of the desired material to other identifiable materials in the collected samples. By comparing the measured concentrations or ratios to expected background data in the vicinity sampled, one can select recorded wind directions indicative of the upwind position of the land-based source of the desired material.

Sehmel, G.A.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Prospects for Enhancing Carbon Sequestration and Reclamation of Degraded  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - SeptemberMicroneedles for4-16HamadaBaO/Al2O3 leanProposalConveyanceProspects

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, DAVIS Water Supply and Prospects in Baja California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

......................................................... 20 Environmental ................................................... 21 Chapter 4: Water Supply Infrastructure and Management ......... 24 Water supply infrastructure ................................... 26 Water governance and management ......................... 30 Chapter 5: Water Supply Prospects

Lund, Jay R.

222

Transport networks and inequities in vaccination: remoteness shapes measles vaccine coverage and prospects for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and prospects for elimination across Africa C. J. E. METCALF1,2,3 *, A. TATEM2,4,5 , O. N. BJORNSTAD6 , J

Bou-Zeid, Elie

223

E-Print Network 3.0 - accident proneness prospect Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

prospective cohort study Jaroslav Flegr*1, Ji Klose... , for example, in a higher risk of traffic accidents in subjects with this life-long infection. Two recent Source:...

224

Tomorrows Energy: Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and the Prospects for a Cleaner Planet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tomorrow's Energy: Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and the ProspectsTomorrow's Energy: Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and the Prospectsthe utilization of hydrogen in fuel cells as well as its

Mirza, Umar Karim

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Geology and Resource Potential of the Manteo prospect  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Manteo exploration unit, located approximately 32 mi northeast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, is a potential East Coast elephant-size field. The unit consists of 21 leases that cost industry $296 million in bonuses since 1981. Mobil has estimated that the unit may contain as much as 5 tcf of natural gas, which would be the largest domestic find since Prudhoe Bay. The Manteo prospect, on the seaward margin of the Carolina Platform, lies between two major basins: the Baltimore Canyon Trough to the north and the Carolina Trough to the south. The prospect is within the western Atlantic carbonate trend, a Jurassic-Early Cretaceous reef and platform limestone complex that stretches from the Gulf of Mexico to Newfoundland. Seismic interpretation is complicated by distortions caused by abrupt changes of water depth map near the top of the Jurassic shows a large eat-northeast-trending structure about 30 mi long and 5 mi wide with structural closure of over 1,000 ft. Source rock analyses suggest that Upper Jurassic carbonate reservoirs would more likely contain gas than oil. The Minerals Management Service (MMS) estimates reservoir parameters from wells drilled on trend (Baltimore Canyon Trough) and recovery parameters from worldwide analogs. The 21-block unit was approved by the MMS in May of 1990. Since 1988, the MMS has worked with North Carolina, Federal and local agencies, and Mobil in preparation for wildcat exploration approval. The MMS has prepared an extensive environmental report for this exploration proposal.

Ibrahim, M.; Adinolfi, F.; Edson, G.; Kienzle, J. (Minerals Management Service, Herndon, VA (United States))

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Light Dark Matter Detection Prospects at Neutrino Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the prospects for the detection of relatively light dark matter through direct annihilation to neutrinos. We specifically focus on the detection possibilities of water Cherenkov and liquid scintillator neutrino detection devices. We find in particular that liquid scintillator detectors may potentially provide excellent detection prospects for dark matter in the 4-10 GeV mass range. These experiments can provide excellent corroborative checks of the DAMA/LIBRA annual modulation signal, but may yield results for low mass dark matter in any case. We identify important tests of the ratio of electron to muon neutrino events (and neutrino versus anti-neutrino events), which discriminate against background atmospheric neutrinos. In addition, the fraction of events which arise from muon neutrinos or anti-neutrinos ($R_{\\mu}$ and $R_{\\bar \\mu}$) can potentially yield information about the branching fractions of hypothetical dark matter annihilations into different neutrino flavors. These results apply to neutrinos from secondary and tertiary decays as well, but will suffer from decreased detectability.

Jason Kumar; John G. Learned; Stefanie Smith

2010-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

227

Shale oil recovery systems incorporating ore beneficiation : final report, October 1982  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study analyzed the recovery of oil from oil shale by use of proposed systems which incorporate beneficiation of the shale ore (that is, concentration of the kerogen) before the oil-recovery step. The objective was to ...

Weiss, M. A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Production, Characterization, and Mechanical Behavior of Cementitious Materials Incorporating Carbon Nanofibers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and carbon nanofirbers (CNFs) have excellent properties (mechanical, electrical, magnetic, etc.), which can make them effective nanoreinforcements for improving the properties of materials. The incorporation of CNT/Fs in a...

Yazdanbakhsh, Ardavan

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

229

Evaluation of an approximate method for incorporating floating docks in harbor wave prediction models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coastal domains. However, floating structures such as floating breakwaters and docks are often encountered in the modeling domain. This makes the problem locally 3- dimensional. Hence it is problematic to incorporate a floating structure into the 2-d model...

Tang, Zhaoxiang

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

INCORPORATING NATURAL VARIATION INTO TIME SERIES-BASED LAND COVER CHANGE IDENTIFICATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INCORPORATING NATURAL VARIATION INTO TIME SERIES-BASED LAND COVER CHANGE IDENTIFICATION VARUN in forests. The bulk of work in identifying land cover changes using remote sensing data involves image

Minnesota, University of

231

Incorporating on-line process data into a diagnostic knowledge-based system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this research was to develop and implement an on-line gypsum wallboard manufacturing expert system incorporating on-line process monitoring information and statistical process control. In support of this objective, several sub...

Lin, Kai Hsuan

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Edinburgh Research Explorer Hydrogen incorporation and charge balance in natural zircon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9 3JW, United Kingdom b School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University, Main Building, Park of hydrogen incorporation. The low radiation-damage zircons were derived from Fe­Ti oxide gabbros from

Millar, Andrew J.

233

incorporation into the liver, plasma and abdominal adipose tissue lipids was studied  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

incorporation into the liver, plasma and abdominal adipose tissue lipids was studied over a 30 min secretion from the liver of fat animals than that of the lean ones. Moreover, a significant difference

Boyer, Edmond

234

Quantifying the system balancing cost when wind energy is incorporated into electricity generation system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incorporation of wind energy into the electricity generation system requires a detailed analysis of wind speed in order to minimize system balancing cost and avoid a significant mismatch between supply and demand. Power ...

Issaeva, Natalia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

E-Print Network 3.0 - acids tinas incorporating Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

<< < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Implementing TMN-like Management Services in a TINA Compliant Architecture Summary: be taken more-or-less en masse and incorporated into the TINA framework....

236

Incorporating Risk and Uncertainty into Pavement Network Maintenance and Rehabilitation Budget Allocation Decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

management systems must be upgraded to incorporate risk management, permitting pavement management systems to serve as a more realistic decision support tool for planning and budget allocation in pavement maintenance and rehabilitation. This dissertation...

Menendez Acurio, Jose Rafael

2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

237

Microfluidic device incorporating closed loop feedback control for uniform and tunable production of micro-droplets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microfluidic device incorporating closed loop feedback control for uniform and tunable production, we have designed a microfluidic-based technology utilizing elementary microchannel geometries initial development using flow-focusing microfluidic geometry for droplet formation, computer

Rothstein, Jonathan

238

Incorporating Perceptual Task Effort into the Recognition of Intention in Information Graphics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incorporating Perceptual Task Effort into the Recognition of Intention in Information Graphics. The rapidly increasing availability of electronic publications containing information graphics poses some graphic. Similarly, digital libraries must take into account the content of information graphics when

Carberry, Sandra

239

Incorporating endogenous demand dynamics into long-term capacity expansion power system models for Developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research develops a novel approach to long-term power system capacity expansion planning for developing countries by incorporating endogenous demand dynamics resulting from social processes of technology adoption. ...

Jordan, Rhonda LeNai

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Incorporation of radionuclides in the alteration phases of spent nuclear fuel.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Alteration may be expected for spent nuclear fuel exposed to groundwater under oxidizing conditions such as that which exist at the proposed nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The actinide elements released during the corrosion of spent fuel may be incorporated into the structures of secondary U{sup 6+} phases. The incorporation of transuranics into the crystal structures of the alteration products may significantly decrease their mobility. A series of precipitation tests were conducted at 90 C to determine the potential incorporation of Ce{sup 4+} and Nd{sup 3+} (surrogates for Pu{sup 4+} and Am{sup 3+}, respectively) into uranyl phase. Dehydrated schoepite (UO{sub 3}{center_dot}0.8-1.0HP{sub 2}O) was produced by hydrolysis of a uranium oxyacetate solution containing either cerium or neodymium. ICP-MS analysis of the leachant, leachate, and solid phase reaction products which were dissolved in a HNO{sub 3} solution indicates that 26 ppm of Ce was incorporated into dehydrated schoepite. ICP-MS results from the Nd-doped tests indicate significant neodymium incorporation as well, however, the heterogeneous distribution of Nd in the solid phase noted during the AEM/EELS examination implies that neodymium may not incorporate into the structure of dehydrated schoepite.

Buck, E. C.; Kim, C.-W.; Wronkiewicz, D. J.

1999-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Towards prospective Life Cycle Assessment: how to identify key parameters inducing most  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Life Cycle Assessments (LCA) have been undertaken, attempting to give a quantitative assessmentTowards prospective Life Cycle Assessment: how to identify key parameters inducing most Blanc1 MINES ParisTech, O.I.E. center, Sophia Antipolis, France Abstract. Prospective Life Cycle

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

242

POVERTY AND PROSPERITY: PROSPECTS FOR REDUCING RACIAL/ETHNIC ECONOMIC DISPARITIES IN THE UNITED STATES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POVERTY AND PROSPERITY: PROSPECTS FOR REDUCING RACIAL/ETHNIC ECONOMIC DISPARITIES IN THE UNITED for this research was provided by a grant from the Ford Foundation to the Program on Poverty and Public Policy;1 POVERTY AND PROSPERITY: PROSPECTS FOR REDUCING RACIAL/ETHNIC DISPARITIES IN THE UNITED STATES Almost 15

Shyy, Wei

243

Prospects for quarkonia production studies in U+U collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Collisions of deformed uranium nuclei provide a unique opportunity to study the spatial dependence of charmonium in-medium effects. By selecting the orientations of the colliding nuclei, different path lengths through the nuclear medium could be selected within the same experimental environment. In addition, higher energy densities can be achieved in U+U collisions relative to Au+Au collisions. In this paper, we investigate the prospects for charmonium studies with U+U collisions. We discuss the effects of shadowing and nuclear absorption on the J/\\psi\\ yield. We introduce a new observable which could help distinguish between different types of J/\\psi\\ interactions in hot and dense matter.

Daniel Kiko?a; Grazyna Odyniec; Ramona Vogt

2011-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

244

Prospects for quarkonia production studies in U+U collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Collisions of deformed uranium nuclei provide a unique opportunity to study the spatial dependence of charmonium in-medium effects. By selecting the orientations of the colliding nuclei, different path lengths through the nuclear medium could be selected within the same experimental environment. In addition, higher energy densities can be achieved in U+U collisions relative to Au+Au collisions. In this paper, we investigate the prospects for charmonium studies with U+U collisions. We discuss the effects of shadowing and nuclear absorption on the J/\\psi\\ yield. We introduce a new observable which could help distinguish between different types of J/\\psi\\ interactions in hot and dense matter.

Kiko?a, Daniel; Vogt, Ramona; 10.1103/PhysRevC.84.054907

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Microlensing Searches for Extrasolar Planets: Current Status and Future Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I review results from, and future prospects for, microlensing searches for extrasolar planets. Analyses of well-sampled microlensing light curves by several collaborations have demonstrated that current searches are sensitive to Jupiter-mass planets with few AU separations from M-dwarfs in the Galactic bulge. To date, however, no unambiguous planetary detections have been made. Detailed analysis has shown that this null result implies that <33% of typical stars (i.e. M-dwarfs) in the Galactic bulge have Jupiter-mass companions with separations between 1.5 and 4 AU, and <45% have three-Jupiter-mass companions between 1 and 7 AU. The recent dramatic increase in the number of alerts per year will allow ongoing microlensing searches to probe companion fractions of a few percent within a few years.

B. Scott Gaudi

2002-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

246

Microlensing Searches for Planets: Results and Future Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microlensing is potentially sensitive to multiple-planet systems containing analogs of all the solar system planets except Mercury, as well as to free floating planets. I review the landscape of microlensing planet searches, beginning with an outline of the method itself, and continuing with an overview of the results that have been obtained to date. Four planets have been detected with microlensing. I discuss what these detections have taught us about the frequency of terrestrial and giant planets with separations beyond the ``snow line.'' I then discuss the near and long-term prospects for microlensing planet searches, and in particular speculate on the expected returns of next-generation microlensing experiments both from the ground and from space. When combined with the results from other complementary surveys, next generation microlensing surveys can yield an accurate and complete census of the frequency and properties of essentially all planets with masses greater than that of Mars.

B. Scott Gaudi

2007-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

247

ATLAS SUSY search prospects at 10 TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The search for physics beyond the Standard Model (BSM) is one of the most important goals for the general purpose detector ATLAS at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. Already with early LHC data, the ATLAS experiment should be sensitive to discover physics beyond the Standard Model. This paper summarizes the prospects of the ATLAS experiment to find experimental evidence for Supersymmetry (SUSY) and Universal Extra Dimensions (UED) in channels with jets, leptons and missing transverse energy for an integrated luminosity of L = 200pb-1 at a centre-of-mass energy sqrt s = 10 TeV. Only a selection of the results is presented focussing on the the discovery reach for inclusive searches.

Janet Dietrich

2009-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

248

Latin America second only to Asia in petrochemical prospects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The opportunity in Asia for petrochemical companies generally is well known among global players in the industry. Conventional wisdom dictates that most companies at least consider investing in Asia, and for good reason, in most cases. The more aggressive, growth-oriented companies, however, already are attempting to discover the ``next Asia,`` if there is such a thing. Latin America has been nominated as one of the less developed regions that might inherit the Asia/Pacific region`s enviable position. This nomination, however, was made before the Mexican financial crisis and the burgeoning pressure on the currencies of Brazil and Argentina. In light of current events, can Latin America still be considered the next Asia, and, if so, what opportunities will follow the devaluation of the Mexican peso? An analysis of the economic and political factors affecting the petrochemical industry in Latin America indicates that the region still hold excellent prospects for petrochemical companies.

Krenek, M.R. [Wright Killen and Co., Houston, TX (United States)

1995-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

249

New prospects in Cambrian platform orthoquartzites in Poland  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Middle Cambrian orthoquartzites produce oil in two small fields northwest of Gdansk, Poland; few developed offshore discoveries exist in the southeastern Baltic Sea. This joint Polish-German study on these poorly porous sandstones is aimed at delineating areas of better reservoir quality development and thus of future prospects. In the Polish part of the East European platform, Cambrian deposits exist in four geologic provinces (Lublin slope, Podiassle depression, Warsaw synclinorium, Baltic syneclise). In these areas, the Cambrian, which in part is more than 500 m thick, has been buried to depths between 300 and approximately 6000 m. The Middle Cambrian orthoquartzitic sandstones represent a shallow-marine sequences with interbedded claystones. Their porosities range form 2 to 8%, and oil production is improved by natural fractures. A major source rock for the oil accumulations is represented by Upper Cambrian black shales (TOC values, 3-13%; thickness approximately 1-10 m in northern onshore Baltic syneclise, up to 50 m in southern Scania, Sweden). The Middle Cambrian shales show low TOC contents (average, 0.3-0.6%) and a thickness of approximately 200 m. Despite their low organic content, they also could have been contributed to the reservoired oil because both black shales show maturities within the oil window and both contain an oil-prone algal kerogen. Therefore, in the northeast Polish oil province the restricted pore volume of the orthoquartzites and not the source rock parameters represents the major limiting factor for larger oil accumulations. Future prospects will be difficult to predict because the occurrence of traps might be much more controlled by diagenesis than by (tectonic) structures.

Labecki, J.; Weil, W. (Polish Oil and Gas Co., Warsaw (Poland)); Schleicher, M.; Kulke, H.; Koester, J. (Univ. of Clausthal, Clausthal-Zellerfeld (West Germany))

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

ICM, Incorporated  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe U.S. Department of EnergyKickoff Meeting Agenda:15,10-11,ICM,

251

Step-Wise Repository Licensing-Implementing the Scientific and Legislative Vision for the Next Phase of the Yucca Mountain Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

International scientific consensus backing geologic disposal as the preferred method of long term management of used nuclear fuel and defense high level radioactive waste has existed since the 1950s. Furthermore, many believe that geologic disposal programs should be implemented in a staged or 'step-wise' approach. These principles have also been at the root of US waste management policy for which a regulatory framework for site selection, and the licensing of a site once selected, is set forth in a series of legislation. The US program has now matured to the point where these regulatory components are now in place. Sufficient data has also been gathered and evaluated to support a site recommendation decision. This decision--on whether or not to proceed with a repository site at Yucca Mountain, Nevada - is about to be put before the US President and Congress. If made in the affirmative, the decision would initiate the next phase in the US disposal process as originally envisioned by Congress--a three-step repository licensing process (Construction, Operation, & Closure). This paper explores the many facets of the licensing process that may lie ahead. Approaches that could be deployed to effectively implement this process are discussed and opportunities to optimize the process, by capitalizing on its evolutionary nature to assure that the best available science is always applied to the protection of public health and safety, are identified. Focus is also placed on a key prerequisite to the accomplishment of this goal--the definition of the level to which post closure repository performance must be addressed at each stage of the licensing process.

McCullum, R.; Kessler, J. H.; Eyre, M. L.

2002-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

252

Benefits of Prospective Commissioning for Condominiums in Chicago  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by incremental electric heaters and a direct expansion fan-coil unit. The garage levels are ventilated with wall mounted exhaust fans and outside air intake louvers, and incorporate CO sensor override controls, while heat is provided by hot water unit heaters.... The mechanical room contains the main heating and cooling equipment, including water boilers, hot water pumps, chilled water pumps, make-up air unit, and domestic water heaters. The water boiler provides hot water for the heating loop, circulated by hot water...

Chimack, M.; Walker, C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

legislation | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,SaveWhiskey Flatshydro Home Water Powerlaunch Homelegislation Home

254

OpenEI Community - legislation  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/Geothermal < Oklahomast, 2012Coastfred <divmeasureshas

255

Tungsten-incorporation induced red-shift in the bandgap of gallium oxide thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tungsten (W) incorporated Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} films were produced by co-sputter deposition. W-concentration was varied by the applied sputtering-power. The structure and optical properties of W-incorporated Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} films were evaluated using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and spectrophotometric measurements. No secondary phase formation was observed in W-incorporated Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} films. W-induced effects were significant on the structure and optical properties of Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} films. The bandgap of Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} films without W-incorporation was {approx}5 eV. Red-shift in the bandgap was noted with increasing W-concentration indicating the electronic structure changes in W-Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} films. A functional relationship between W-concentration and optical property is discussed.

Rubio, E. J.; Ramana, C. V. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas 79968 (United States)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas 79968 (United States)

2013-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

256

How to Successfully Implement a Knowledge Management System for the Mechanical Engineering Department at Gating Incorporated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. With this explosive growth, it has become imperative that Gating Incorporated instill a Knowledge Management System to retain the vast amount of tacit knowledge. New products are critical for consumer product companies, so finding ways to capture the knowledge of a...

Mudd, John

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Incorporating Irregular Nonlinear Waves in Coupled Simulation of Offshore Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incorporating Irregular Nonlinear Waves in Coupled Simulation of Offshore Wind Turbines Puneet, and Environmental Engineering The University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 Design of an offshore wind turbine requires on the support structure (monopile) of an offshore wind turbine. We present the theory for the irregular

Manuel, Lance

258

Interactions of Fluorine Redistribution and Nitrogen Incorporation with Boron Diffusion in Silicon Dioxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interactions of Fluorine Redistribution and Nitrogen Incorporation with Boron Diffusion in Silicon Dioxide Mitra Navi and Scott Dunham Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Boston University diffusion. Gate oxides were grown with nitrogen contents varying from 0 to 1.4%. A series of SIMS mea

Dunham, Scott

259

Recombinant Nup153 Incorporates in Vivo into Xenopus Oocyte Nuclear Pore Complexes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the nuclear basket of the nuclear pore complex (NPC) that plays a critical role in nuclear export of RNAsRecombinant Nup153 Incorporates in Vivo into Xenopus Oocyte Nuclear Pore Complexes Nelly Pante´,*,1 and pro- teins. In an effort to map this nucleoporin more precisely within the nuclear basket we have

Panté, Nelly

260

Incorporating Operational Characteristics and Startup Costs in Option-Based Valuation of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incorporating Operational Characteristics and Startup Costs in Option-Based Valuation of Power characteristics on valuation of generation assets under different modeling assumptions about the energy commodity prices. We find that the impacts of operational constraints on real asset valuation are dependent upon

Oren, Shmuel S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Properties of concrete incorporating high volumes of ASTM Class F fly ash  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents the results of research performed in developing high-volume fly ash (HVFA) concrete incorporating ASTM Type I cement and ASTM Class F fly ash from Big Brown Power Plant of TU Electric, Texas. In HVFA concrete, the proportion...

Li, Wei Tung

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Incorporation of Detailed Chemical Mechanisms in Reactive Flow Simulations Using Element-Flux Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ignition (HCCI) combustion with detailed chemistry by using the proposed on-the-fly reduction scheme detailed characterizations of in-cylinder behaviors in stratified HCCI engines by incorporating detailed was proposed for HCCI engines in which homogeneous charge was used. However, although termed "homogeneous

Androulakis, Ioannis (Yannis)

263

A Computational Framework for Life-Cycle Management of Wind Turbines incorporating Structural Health Monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A Computational Framework for Life-Cycle Management of Wind Turbines incorporating Structural of wind turbines and reducing the life-cycle costs significantly. This paper presents a life-cycle management (LCM) framework for online monitoring and performance assessment of wind turbines, enabling

Stanford University

264

Improving Pointwise Mutual Information (PMI) by Incorporating Significant Co-occurrence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving Pointwise Mutual Information (PMI) by Incorporating Significant Co-occurrence Om P measure Pointwise Mutual Infor- mation (PMI). By extensive experiments with a large number of publicly level significance is not helpful for PMI adaptation. 1 Introduction Co-occurrence based word

Damani, Om P.

265

Seoul National University http://bp.snu.ac.kr The Role of Carbon Incorporation in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

O2 · Hydrothermal followed by carbonization at 500°C J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 20504 (2009). J. PhysSeoul National University http://bp.snu.ac.kr The Role of Carbon Incorporation in SnO2 of cracks during cycling Sn-Based Oxide Li Metal Carbon-Coated SnO2 #12;Seoul National University http

Park, Byungwoo

266

To appear in La revue de neuropsychologie Incorporer objets et membres factices: quelle diffrence ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Résumé Le cerveau représente le corps de différentes manières (e.g., sensorielle, motrice) pour des fins'incorporation est motrice (i.e. objet intégré dans le schéma corporel) ou perceptive (i.e. object intégré dans l

Boyer, Edmond

267

A GIS-Assisted Rail Construction Econometric Model that Incorporates LlDAR Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A GIS-Assisted Rail Construction Econometric Model that Incorporates LlDAR Data David J. Cowen employed a raster GIS econometric routing model for the exploration of potential routes using construction in the grid-based econometric model was obtained from Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR)data with accurate 0

Hodgson, Michael E.

268

Incorporating Optics into a Coupled Physical-Biological Forecasting System in the Monterey Bay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incorporating Optics into a Coupled Physical-Biological Forecasting System in the Monterey Bay Fei://www.marine.maine.edu/~eboss/index.html http://ourocean.jpl.nasa.gov/ LONG-TERM GOALS Modeling and predicting ocean optical properties for coastal waters requires linking optical properties with the physical, chemical, and biological processes

Boss, Emmanuel S.

269

Incorporating Multiple cDNA Microarray Slide Scans -Application to Somatic Embryogenesis in Maize  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incorporating Multiple cDNA Microarray Slide Scans -Application to Somatic Embryogenesis in Maize 1 the measurements of gene expression. Because `optimal' settings may vary from slide to slide, operators typically scan each slide multiple times and then choose the reading with the fewest over-exposed and under

270

POWERTECH 2009, JUNE 28 -JULY 2, 2009, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA 1 Incorporation of Demand Response Resources in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POWERTECH 2009, JUNE 28 - JULY 2, 2009, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA 1 Incorporation of Demand Response, IEEE, Abstract--The use of demand-side resources, in general, and demand response resources (DRRs concerns. Integration of demand response resources in the competitive electricity markets impacts resource

Gross, George

271

Extended light scattering model incorporating coherence for thin-film silicon solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extended light scattering model incorporating coherence for thin-film silicon solar cells Thomas film solar cells. The model integrates coherent light propagation in thin layers with a direct, non potential for light trapping in textured thin film silicon solar cells. VC 2011 American Institute

Lenstra, Arjen K.

272

Incorporation of Short-Lived Be in a Calcium-Aluminum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incorporation of Short-Lived 10 Be in a Calcium-Aluminum­ Rich Inclusion from the Allende Meteorite Kevin D. McKeegan,1 * Marc Chaussidon,2 Franc¸ois Robert3 Enrichments in boron-10/boron-11 in a calcium-aluminum canonical abundance of aluminum-26 may still require seeding of the solar system by radioactive stellar

273

HIDDEN DAMAGE DETECTION FOR MAIN CABLES OF SUSPENSION BRIDGES INCORPORATING DC MAGNETIZATION WITH A SEARCH COIL-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with artificially inflicted broken wires. KEYWORDS : Cable NDE, Search coil, Total flux, DC magnetization, Damage. To overcome this limitation, this study proposes a noncontact cable inspection system incorporating been applied for the inspection of steel cables for ski lifts, elevators, and for other applications

Boyer, Edmond

274

A creep model for austenitic stainless steels incorporating cavitation and wedge cracking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A creep model for austenitic stainless steels incorporating cavitation and wedge cracking S Mahesh evolution in the form of cavitation and wedge- cracking on grain boundary facets is considered. Both: Austenitic stainless steel, creep, grain boundary sliding, cavitation, wedge- cracking. Submitted to

Mahesh, Sivasambu

275

Towards Automatic Incorporation of Search engines into a Large-Scale Metasearch Engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards Automatic Incorporation of Search engines into a Large-Scale Metasearch Engine Zonghuan Wu. of Computer Science Univ. of Illinois at Chicago yu@cs.uic.edu Abstract A metasearch engine supports unified access to multiple component search engines. To build a very large-scale metasearch engine that can

Meng, Weiyi

276

Incorporation of particulates into accreted ice above subglacial Lake Vostok, Antarctica G. Royston-Bishop1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Incorporation of particulates into accreted ice above subglacial Lake Vostok, Antarctica G, Montana 59717, USA Abstract The nature of microscopic particulates in meteoric and accreted ice from the Vostok ice core, is assessed in conjunction with existing ice core data to investigate the mechanism

Priscu, John C.

277

Determination of Ranged Sets of Design Specifications by Incorporating Design Space Heterogeneity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Huibin Liu BD Medical Systems Sandy, UT 84070 Wei Chen1 Integrated Design Automation Laboratory (IDEAL design attributes. These high-level specifications serve as a starting point and are cascaded to guide1 Determination of Ranged Sets of Design Specifications by Incorporating Design Space Heterogeneity

Chen, Wei

278

Hydrogen incorporation in stishovite at high pressure and symmetric hydrogen bonding in N-AlOOH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen incorporation in stishovite at high pressure and symmetric hydrogen bonding in N significant amounts of hydrogen in stishovite under lower-mantle conditions. The enthalpy of solution pressure and temperature. We predict asymmetric hydrogen bonding in the stishovite^N-AlOOH solid solution

Stixrude, Lars

279

Oil and Gas CDT Predicting fault permeability at depth: incorporating natural  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil and Gas CDT Predicting fault permeability at depth: incorporating natural permeability controls on fluid flow in oil and gas reservoirs. Fault zones are composed of many deformation elements will receive 20 weeks bespoke, residential training of broad relevance to the oil and gas industry: 10 weeks

Henderson, Gideon

280

Incorporating Knowledge of Secondary Structures in a L-System-Based Encoding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incorporating Knowledge of Secondary Structures in a L-System-Based Encoding for Protein Folding.Krasnogor@nottingham.ac.uk Abstract. An encoding scheme for protein folding on lattice models, inspired by parametric L that the occurrence of motifs and sub-structures is an important component in protein folding, and these sub

Fernandez, Thomas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Prospect for natural bitumen production development in Republic of Tatarstan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Republic of Tatarstan possesses large volumes of natural bitumen and extremely viscous heavy oil reserves. However to date processing oils of this kind is not economically viable but in the future heavy oils can become an alternative to conventional crude oil. The authors have developed a feasibility study of the prospects for the small bitumen-producing complexes construction for bitumen production and in-place bitumen processing in a simple scheme. The bitumen-producing complex will provide in situ recovery of bitumen with the surface cluster spacing of wells, transportation of bitumen produced to the central terminal, field primary bitumen processing by combining the functions of desalting, dewatering, and deasphalting of extracted bitumen. The field processing facilities, steam generators, compressors and so on will be housed in the central terminal. The central terminal will handle up to three fields which are 2-3 km distance from each other and from the central terminal. The objective of the field processing is to reduce sulphur and metal contents and remove water and salts from the bitumen. Thanks to bitumen-producing complex creating and providing high bitumen quality the economical efficiency of the natural bitumen production will be improved and enable environmental disturbance to be minimized.

Rakutin, Yu. [Scientific and Technological Centre for Production of Bitumen and High-Viscous Oils, Bugulma, Tartarstan (Russian Federation); Muslimov, R. [Joint-Stock Co., Tatarstan (Russian Federation); Volkov, Yu. [Oil and Gas Producing Department, Tatarstan (Russian Federation)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

282

Heat Bath Algorithmic Cooling with Spins: Review and Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application of multiple rounds of Quantum Error Correction (QEC) is an essential milestone towards the construction of scalable quantum information processing devices. However, experimental realizations of it are still in their infancy. The requirements for multiple round QEC are high control fidelity and the ability to extract entropy from ancilla qubits. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) based quantum devices have demonstrated high control fidelity with up to 12 qubits. On the other hand, the major challenge in the NMR QEC experiment is to efficiently supply ancilla qubits in highly pure states at the beginning of each round of QEC. Purification of qubits in NMR, or in other ensemble based quantum systems can be accomplished through Heat Bath Algorithmic Cooling (HBAC). It is an efficient method for extracting entropy from qubits that interact with a heat bath, allowing cooling below the bath temperature. For practical HBAC, coupled electron-nuclear spin systems are more promising than conventional NMR quantum processors, since electron spin polarization is about $10^3$ times greater than that of a proton under the same experimental conditions. We provide an overview on both theoretical and experimental aspects of HBAC focusing on spin and magnetic resonance based systems, and discuss the prospects of exploiting electron-nuclear coupled systems for the realization of HBAC and multiple round QEC.

Daniel K. Park; Nayeli A. Rodriguez-Briones; Guanru Feng; Robabeh R. Darabad; Jonathan Baugh; Raymond Laflamme

2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

283

A land of opportunity?: How perceptions of financial prospects affect racial and ethnic groups' political participation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or relocate to another area). Current work status is whether the individual is currently employed or not employed. Previous studies have shown that those who are unemployed have less favorable outlooks on their financial prospects (Weatherford 1983). Age...

Suthammanont, Christina Marie

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

284

Cellulosic Biofuels: Expert Views on Prospects for Advancement and Jeffrey Keisler  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cellulosic Biofuels: Expert Views on Prospects for Advancement Erin Baker and Jeffrey Keisler funding and the likelihood of achieving advances in cellulosic biofuel technologies. While in collecting more information on this technology. Keywords: Biofuels; Technology R&D; Uncertainty

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

285

A New Zealand Test Of The Track-Etch Method Of Prospecting For...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Test Of The Track-Etch Method Of Prospecting For Geothermal Steam Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: A New Zealand Test Of The...

286

Prospects for high thermoelectric figures of merit in 2D systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Enhanced ZT has been predicted theoretically and observed experimentally in 2D quantum wells, with good agreement between theory and experiment. Advantages of low dimensional systems for thermoelectric applications are described and prospects for further enhancement of ZT are discussed.

Dresselhaus, M.S.; Sun, X.; Cronin, S.B.; Koga, T.; Dresselhaus, G.; Wang, K.L.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Brown, Lipton, and the Prospects of High-level IBE Brown's Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brown, Lipton, and the Prospects of High-level IBE Brown's Project With Brown's paper we turn question about the selection procedures which scientists use for identifying those theories which

Fitelson, Branden

288

Market Prospects 2011 Planning Committee Ken Rosaasen PAg, Agricultural Economist, Chair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economist Bob Simpson, Farm News Director, CTV Saskatchewan Market Prospects 2011 is coordinated by the Department of Bioresource Policy, Business & Economics, University of Saskatchewan Financial support of Saskatchewan Saskatchewan Pulse Growers Saskatchewan Canola Development Commission Saskatchewan Flax

Peak, Derek

289

Market Prospects 2012 Planning Committee Ken Rosaasen PAg, Agricultural Economist, Chair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economist Bob Simpson, Farm News Director, CTV Saskatchewan Market Prospects 2012 is coordinated by the Department of Bioresource Policy, Business & Economics, University of Saskatchewan Financial support of Saskatchewan Saskatchewan Pulse Growers Saskatchewan Canola Development Commission Saskatchewan Flax

Saskatchewan, University of

290

Arsenic exposure from drinking water and mortality from cardiovascular disease in Bangladesh: prospective cohort  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH Arsenic exposure from drinking water and mortality from cardiovascular disease the association. Design Prospective cohort study with arsenic exposure measured in drinking water from wells was 214.3 per 100 000 person years in people drinking water containing

van Geen, Alexander

291

The Prospects of Alternatives to Vapor Compression Technology for Space Cooling and Food Refrigeration Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Five alternatives to vapor compression technology were qualitatively evaluated to determine their prospects for being better than vapor compression for space cooling and food refrigeration applications. The results of the assessment are summarized in the report. Overall, thermoacoustic and magnetic technologies were judged to have the best prospects for competing with vapor compression technology, with thermotunneling, thermoelectric, and thermionic technologies trailing behind in that order.

Brown, Daryl R.; Dirks, James A.; Fernandez, Nicholas; Stout, Tyson E.

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

292

Radiolabeled red blood cells: status, problems, and prospects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radionuclidic labels for red cells can be divided into two main categories - cohort or pulse labels, and random labels. The random labels are incorporated into circulating cells of all ages and the labeling process is usually carried out in vitro. The red cell labels in predominant use involve random labeling and employ technetium-99m, chromium-51, indium-111, and gallium-68, roughly in that order. The extent of usefulness depends on the properties of the label such as the half-life, decay mode, and in-vivo stability, etc. Labeled cells can be used for red cell survival measurements when the half-life of the radionuclide is sufficiently long. The major portion of this article deals with random labels.

Srivastava, S.C.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

The NPR, NPT and the prospects for disarmament  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Prague's Hradcany Square on April 5, 2009, President Barack Obama offered a bold vision of the nuclear future that encompasses both reducing nuclear dangers and pursuing the goal of a world without nuclear weapons while maintaining, as long as nuclear weapons remain, a safe secure, and effective arsenal, to deter potential adversaries and to assure U.S. allies and other security partners that they can count on America's security commitments. The agenda put forward in Prague involves the full range of issues from deterrence to nonproliferation and disarmament. The 2010 Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) report, reflecting the twin objectives of the Prague speech, for the first time places the United States effort to lead expanded international efforts to rebuild and strengthen the global nuclear nonproliferation regime at the top the U.S. nuclear agenda. This attention underscores the fact that the top priority of the United States is to discourage additional states from acquiring nuclear weapon capabilities and to stop terrorist groups from acquiring weapon-usable nuclear materials. It also reinforced the view that positively influencing the 2010 Review Conference (RevCon) of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) was a key objective of the Obama Administration. The NPR developed both the vision and the policy, but details of implementation will need to be developed and better understood. This paper will address the Nuclear Posture Review and its implementation, as well as it's relation to, and impact on, the NPT RevCon and the long term prospects for nonproliferation and disarmament.

Pilat, Joseph F [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

294

Effect of silver incorporation in phase formation and band gap tuning of tungsten oxide thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Silver incorporated tungsten oxide thin films are prepared by RF magnetron sputtering technique. The effect of silver incorporation in micro structure evolution, phase enhancement, band gap tuning and other optical properties are investigated using techniques such as x-ray diffraction, micro-Raman spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, and UV-Visible spectroscopy. Effect of silver addition in phase formation and band gap tuning of tungsten oxide thin films are investigated. It is found that the texturing and phase formation improves with enhancement in silver content. It is also found that as the silver incorporation enhances the thickness of the films increases at the same time the strain in the film decreases. Even without annealing the desired phase can be achieved by doping with silver. A broad band centered at the wavelength 437 nm is observed in the absorption spectra of tungsten oxide films of higher silver incorporation and this can be attributed to surface plasmon resonance of silver atoms present in the tungsten oxide matrix. The transmittance of the films is decreased with increase in silver content which can be due to increase in film thickness, enhancement of scattering, and absorption of light caused by the increase of grain size, surface roughness and porosity of films and enhanced absorption due to surface plasmon resonance of silver. It is found that silver can act as the seed for the growth of tungsten oxide grains and found that the grain size increases with silver content which in turn decreases the band gap of tungsten oxide from 3.14 eV to 2.70 eV.

Jolly Bose, R.; Kumar, R. Vinod; Sudheer, S. K.; Mahadevan Pillai, V. P. [Department of Optoelectronics, University of Kerala, Kariyavattom, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695581 (India); Reddy, V. R.; Ganesan, V. [UGC - DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, Khandwa Road, Indore 452017, Madhyapradesh (India)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Incorporating any amendments approved at subsequent Council meetings The University of Dublin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Walsh, of the School of Education. (iv) CL12-13/063, delete the sentence `Professor D C Williams ... two) CL12-13/024 (i), line 5, amend to Dean of Students. (iii) CL12-13/025, third line from end, Professor will be incorporated into DCU and thus form part of the institute of education made up of DCU, St Patrick's College

O'Mahony, Donal E.

296

Formation and incorporation of SiF{sub 4} molecules in F-implanted preamorphized Si  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The local structure of fluorine incorporated in crystalline silicon following solid phase epitaxial regrowth was investigated by means of x-ray absorption spectroscopy at the F K-edge. We clearly demonstrate that most F is found in SiF{sub 4} molecules in the crystalline matrix. A kinetic pathway, which explains our observation and which is also able to rationalize previous results in a common and coherent framework, is proposed.

De Salvador, D.; Bisognin, G.; Napolitani, E.; Mastromatteo, M.; Baggio, N.; Carnera, A. [MATIS INFM-CNR and Department of Physics, Padova University, via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Boscherini, F. [Department of Physics and CNISM, Bologna University, viale C. Berti Pichat 6/2, 40127 Bologna (Italy); Impellizzeri, G.; Mirabella, S.; Boninelli, S.; Priolo, F. [MATIS INFM-CNR and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Catania University, via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania (Italy); Cristiano, F. [LAAS-CNRS, Toulouse University, 7 av. du Colonel Roche, 31077 Toulouse (France)

2009-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

297

Studies on supported metal oxide-oxide support interactions (an incorporation model)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

XRD, XPS, SSIMS, LRS, and FT-IR are used to explore the valency, composition and structure of the dispersed metal oxide species on supports with different structures, i.e., on ceria and {gamma}-alumina. The results indicated that the dispersion of various ionic compounds are proceeded by the incorporation of the metal cations into the surface vacant sites on the support provided that the loading amounts of the compounds are not higher than their dispersion capacities. The key factors determining the dispersion capacities of the ionic compounds are: (1) the surface structure of the support which determines the size and number of the vacant sites available. (2) the valency of the dispersed ionic compound and the size of the anion, from which the shielding effect of the capping anion(s) can be evaluated, and (3) the sizes of the dispersed cations and the vacant sites on the surface, from which the sites can be used for incorporation can be identified. The Quantitative results deduced from the incorporation model and from the independent experiments are consistent, providing further evidence that the model captures the essentials of the interactions between the dispersed metal oxide and support.

Yi Chen; Lin Dong; Y.S. Jin; Bing Xu; Weijie Ji [Nanjing Univ. (China)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

298

First-principles calculations of the stability and incorporation of helium, xenon and krypton in uranium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While metallic fuels have a long history of reactor use, their fundamental physical and thermodynamic properties are not well understood. Many metallic nuclear fuels are body-centered cubic alloys of uranium that swell under fission conditions, creating fission product gases such as helium, xenon and krypton. In this paper, helium, xenon, and krypton point defects are investigated in the a and ? phases of metallic uranium using first principles calculations. A density functional theory (DFT) framework is utilized with projector augmented-wave (PAW) pseudopotentials. Formation and incorporation energies of He, Xe, and Kr are calculated at various defect positions for the prediction of fission gas behavior in uranium. In most cases, defect energies follow a size effect, with helium incorporation and formation energies being the smallest. The most likely position for the larger Xe and Kr atoms in uranium is the substitutional site. Helium atoms are likely to be found in a wide variety of defect positions due to the comparable formation energies of all defect configurations analyzed. This is the first detailed study of the stability and incorporation of fission gases in uranium.

B. Beeler; B. Good; S. Rashkeev; M. Baskes; M. Okuniewski

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Test Procedure for 170.302.h Incorporate Laboratory Test Results APPROVED Version 1.1 September 24, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Test Procedure for §170.302.h Incorporate Laboratory Test Results APPROVED Version 1.1 September 24, 2010 1 Test Procedure for §170.302 (h) Incorporate Laboratory Test Results This document describes the test procedure for evaluating conformance of complete EHRs or EHR modules1

300

Improving the Power Conversion Efficiency of Ultrathin Organic Solar Cells by Incorporating Plasmonic Effects of Spheroidal Metallic Nanoparticles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving the Power Conversion Efficiency of Ultrathin Organic Solar Cells by Incorporating be exploited to achieve efficient harvesting of solar energy. Notably, the incorporation of plasmonic effects can allow the light harvesting capability of a solar cell to be maintained even as the thickness

Park, Namkyoo

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A Physically Based Analytical Model to Predict Quantized Eigen Energies and Wave Functions Incorporating Penetration Effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a physically based analytical compact model to calculate Eigen energies and Wave functions which incorporates penetration effect. The model is applicable for a quantum well structure that frequently appears in modern nano-scale devices. This model is equally applicable for both silicon and III-V devices. Unlike other models already available in the literature, our model can accurately predict all the eigen energies without the inclusion of any fitting parameters. The validity of our model has been checked with numerical simulations and the results show significantly better agreement compared to the available methods.

Nadim Chowdhury; Imtiaz Ahmed; Zubair Al Azim; Md. Hasibul Alam; Iftikhar Ahmad Niaz; Quazi D. M. Khosru

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

302

Tools for incorporating a D-wave contribution in Skyrme energy density functionals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The possibility of adding a D-wave term to the standard Skyrme effective interaction has been widely considered in the past. Such a term has been shown to appear in the next-to-next-to-leading order of the Skyrme pseudo-potential. The aim of the present article is to provide the necessary tools to incorporate this term in a fitting procedure: first, a mean-field equation written in spherical symmetry in order to describe spherical nuclei and second, the response function to detect unphysical instabilities. With these tools it will be possible to build a new fitting procedure to determine the coupling constants of the new functional.

P. Becker; D. Davesne; J. Meyer; A. Pastore; J. Navarro

2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

303

Controlled incorporation of mid-to-high Z transition metals in CVD diamond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on a general method to fabricate transition metal related defects in diamond. Controlled incorporation of Mo and W in synthetic CVD diamond was achieved by adding volatile metal precursors to the diamond chemical vapor deposition (CVD) growth process. Effects of deposition temperature, grain structure and precursor exposure on the doping level were systematically studied, and doping levels of up to 0.25 at.% have been achieved. The metal atoms are uniformly distributed throughout the diamond grains without any indication of inclusion formation. These results are discussed in context of the kinetically controlled growth process of CVD diamond.

Biener, M M; Biener, J; Kucheyev, S O; Wang, Y M; El-Dasher, B; Teslich, N E; Hamza, A V; Obloh, H; Mueller-Sebert, W; Wolfer, M; Fuchs, T; Grimm, M; Kriele, A; Wild, C

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

304

Technetium incorporation into hematite (α-Fe2O3). | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystallineForeign ObjectOUR8, 2013Battelle: How toTechnetium incorporation

305

The two-electron problem and prospects for atomic collision theory on a numerical lattice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An exact numerical treatment of fully correlated two-electron systems is described and placed in context with themes characterizing Chris Bottcher`s research regarding time-dependent, lattice approaches to the quantum mechanical solution of atomic collision problems. Tests of the method are summarized in which low-lying bound state are computed and the time-dependence of autoionization is described. Finally, prospects for treating the near-threshold electron-impact ionization of hydrogen and photoionization are discussed, as well as the general prospects for further development of this type of lattice treatment.

Schulz, D.R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Physics Div.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

The Prospects of Alternatives to Vapor Compression Technology for Space Cooling and Food Refrigeration Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article identifies and describes five alternative cooling technologies (magnetic, thermionic, thermoacoustic, thermoelectric, and thermotunnel) and qualitatively assesses the prospects of each technology relative to vapor compression for space cooling and food refrigeration applications. Assessment of the alternatives was based on the theoretical maximum % of Carnot efficiency, the current state of development, the best % of Carnot efficiency currently achieved, developmental barriers, and the extent of development activity. The prospect for each alternative was assigned an overall qualitative rating based on the subjective, composite view of the five characteristics.

Brown, Daryl R.; Stout, Tyson E.; Dirks, James A.; Fernandez, Nicholas

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Scanlon, E., Jones, A. & Waycott, J. (2005). Mobile technologies: prospects for their use in learning in informal science settings.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scanlon, E., Jones, A. & Waycott, J. (2005). Mobile technologies: prospects for their use December 2005 ISSN: 1365-893X Mobile technologies: prospects for their use in learning in informal science settings Eileen Scanlon, Ann Jones, Jenny Waycott Abstract: Recent developments in mobile technologies have

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Dear Prospective Graduate Student, Thank you for your interest in working with me. I apologize for the impersonal nature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dear Prospective Graduate Student, Thank you for your interest in working with me. I apologize for the impersonal nature of this form letter, but I get many requests from interested students and it saves both you regarding my research program, possibilities for prospective students, and some background on my work, UC

Mooney, Kailen A.

309

Scanning tunneling microscopy study of nitrogen incorporated HfO{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The impact of nitrogen incorporation on the physical and electrical characteristics of the HfO{sub 2} is examined. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy shows that nitrogen can be incorporated into the HfO{sub 2} via a two-step thermal anneal--first in ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) and subsequently in N{sub 2}. Following the N{sub 2} anneal, scanning tunneling microscopy in UHV reveals a marked reduction in the low-voltage leakage current under gate injection biasing. From band theory and existing first-principles simulation results, one may consistently attribute this improvement to the passivation of oxygen vacancies in the HfO{sub 2} by nitrogen. Improvement in the breakdown strength of the HfO{sub 2} subjected to ramp-voltage stress (substrate injection) is also observed after the N{sub 2} anneal. The local current-voltage curves acquired concurrently during the ramp-voltage stress exhibit 'space-charge limited conduction', which implies that the observed improvement in breakdown strength may be related to a limitation of the current flow through the gate stack in the high stress voltage regime.

Ong, Y. C.; Ang, D. S.; Pey, K. L.; Li, X. [Nanyang Technological University, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798 (Singapore); O'Shea, S. J.; Wang, S. J. [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A-STAR - Agency for Science, Technology and Research, 3 Research Link, Singapore 11760 (Singapore); Tung, C. H. [Institute of Microelectronics, A-STAR - Agency for Science, Technology and Research, 11 Science Park Road, Singapore Science Park II, Singapore 117685 (Singapore)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

310

Incorporation of Multi-Member Substructure Capabilities in FAST for Analysis of Offshore Wind Turbines: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

FAST, developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), is an aero-hydro-servo-elastic tool widely used for analyzing onshore and offshore wind turbines. This paper discusses recent modifications made to FAST to enable the examination of offshore wind turbines with fixed-bottom, multi-member support structures (which are commonly used in transitional-depth waters).; This paper addresses the methods used for incorporating the hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loading on multi-member structures in FAST through its hydronamic loading module, HydroDyn. Modeling of the hydrodynamic loads was accomplished through the incorporation of Morison and buoyancy loads on the support structures. Issues addressed include how to model loads at the joints of intersecting members and on tapered and tilted members of the support structure. Three example structures are modeled to test and verify the solutions generated by the modifications to HydroDyn, including a monopile, tripod, and jacket structure. Verification is achieved through comparison of the results to a computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-derived solution using the commercial software tool STAR-CCM+.

Song, H.; Robertson, A.; Jonkman, J.; Sewell, D.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Framework-incorporated Mn and Co analcime zeolites: Synthesis and characterization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The framework-substituted cobalt and manganese analcime zeolites were synthesized via a direct hydrothermal approach. The obtained samples were characterized by XRD powder, SEM-EDX, nitrogen physical adsorption, Raman microscopy, diffuse reflectance UV-Vis and IR spectroscopy which complementarily demonstrated the incorporation of cobalt and manganese into the zeolites framework. The results showed that substitution of Mn and Co could be placed in two synthesis gels with same compositions containing Al/Mn=5 and Al/Co=4 mol ratios, respectively. In addition, with replacing Al with Mn and synthesis of Mn-modified analcime, zeolite with higher surface area and pore volume could be achieved than the Co modified analcime. - Graphical abstract: The images and adsorption-desorption isotherms of N{sub 2} at 77 K for (a) Co (b) Mn modified analcime. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Synthesis of Co and Mn modified analcime for the first time. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Framework-incorporation of Co and Mn using the same silicate gel composition. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Applying several techniques to provide proofs for the characterization.

Azizi, Seyed Naser, E-mail: azizi@umz.ac.ir [Analytical Division, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Mazandaran, P.O. Box 47416-95447, Babolsar (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ehsani Tilami, Salma [Analytical Division, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Mazandaran, P.O. Box 47416-95447, Babolsar (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Analytical Division, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Mazandaran, P.O. Box 47416-95447, Babolsar (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

Oxygen Incorporation During Fabrication of Substrate CdTe Photovoltaic Devices: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, CdTe photovoltaic (PV) devices fabricated in the nonstandard substrate configuration have attracted increasing interest because of their potential compatibility with flexible substrates such as metal foils and polymer films. This compatibility could lead to the suitability of CdTe for roll-to-roll processing and building-integrated PV. Currently, however, the efficiencies of substrate CdTe devices reported in the literature are significantly lower ({approx}6%-8%) than those of high-performance superstrate devices ({approx}17%) because of significantly lower open-circuit voltage (Voc) and fill factor (FF). In our recent device development efforts, we have found that processing parameters required to fabricate high-efficiency substrate CdTe PV devices differ from those necessary for traditional superstrate CdTe devices. Here, we investigate how oxygen incorporation in the CdTe deposition, CdCl2 heat treatment, CdS deposition, and post-deposition heat treatment affect device characteristics through their effects on the junction. By adjusting whether oxygen is incorporated during these processing steps, we have achieved Voc values greater than 860 mV and efficiencies greater than 10%.

Duenow, J. N.; Dhere, R. G.; Kuciauskas, D.; Li, J. V.; Pankow, J. W.; DeHart, C. M.; Gessert, T. A.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

The incorporation of technetium into a representative low-activity waste glass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A glass that has been tested to understand the corrosion behavior of waste glasses with high soda contents for immobilizing Hanford incidental wastes has been made by melting crushed glass with either TcO{sub 2} or NaTcO{sub 4} at 1,100--1,300 C. Incorporation of technetium in the glass was affected by solubility or kinetic effects. Metallic technetium inclusions formed in all the TcO{sub 2}-doped glasses. Inclusions also formed in glasses with added NaTcO{sub 4} that were melted at 1,100 C, but a glass melted at 1,200 C did not contain detectable inclusions. The presence of Tc-bearing inclusions complicates the interpretation of results from dissolution tests because of the simultaneous release of technetium from more than one phase, the unknown surface areas of each phase, and the possible incorporation of technetium that is released from one phase into another phase. A glass containing about 0.15 mass % Tc dissolved in the glass is being used in dissolution tests to study the release behavior of technetium.

Ebert, W.L.; Bakel, A.J.; Bowers, D.L.; Buck, E.C.; Emery, J.W.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act : Legislative History of the Act to Assist the Electrical Consumers of the Pacific Northwest through use of the Federal Columbia River Power System to Achieve Cost-Effective Energy Conservation : P.L. 96-501, 94 Stat. 2697.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act became effective when it was signed into law by President Carter on December 5, 1980. This ended a four-year debate over legislation designed to plan and coordinate the region's energy future. This legislative history is an abbreviated version taken from the larger historical file maintained by the BPA Law Library. It is intended to assist BPA personnel and others who are studying the Northwest Power Act and working on its implementation. The documents included were selected for their value in determining what Congress meant in enacting the statute and to provide the researcher with a starting point for further investigation. These documents include: a history of the Act, a chronology of the legislative action leading to passage of the law; a section-by-section analysis of the Act; the Congressional Records of Senate and House debates on the bill and its amendments, and a list of Congressional committee hearings.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Superharmonic nonlinear lateral vibrations of a segmented driveline incorporating a tuned damper excited by non-constant velocity joints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUPERHARMONIC NONLINEAR LATERAL VIBRATIONS OF A SEGMENTED DRIVELINE INCORPORATING A TUNED DAMPER EXCITED BY NON-CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS A Dissertation by MICHAEL SCOTT BROWNE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies... of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2009 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering SUPERHARMONIC NONLINEAR LATERAL VIBRATIONS OF A SEGMENTED DRIVELINE INCORPORATING A...

Browne, Michael

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

316

Investigation of Neutrino Properties in Experiments at Nuclear Reactors: Present Status and Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper was submitted in Russian edition of Journal Physics of Atomic Nuclei in 2001. The present status of experiments that are being performed at nuclear reactors in order to seek the neutrino masses, mixing, and magnetic moments, whose discovery would be a signal of the existence of physics beyond the Standard Model, is considered, along with their future prospects.

L. A. Mikaelyan

2002-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

317

Alien species in fresh waters: ecological effects, interactions with other stressors, and prospects for the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alien species in fresh waters: ecological effects, interactions with other stressors, and prospects dozens of alien species. 2. Invasions are highly nonrandom with respect to the taxonomic identity, which probably have been underestimated as an ecological force. 4. The number of alien species

318

MODELLING THE VERTICAL WIND SPEED AND TURBULENCE INTENSITY PROFILES AT PROSPECTIVE OFFSHORE WIND FARM SITES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODELLING THE VERTICAL WIND SPEED AND TURBULENCE INTENSITY PROFILES AT PROSPECTIVE OFFSHORE WIND for conditions important for offshore wind energy utilisation are compared and tested: Four models tested with data from the offshore field measurement Rødsand by extrapolating the measured 10 m wind

Heinemann, Detlev

319

MODELLING THE VERTICAL WIND SPEED AND TURBULENCE INTENSITY PROFILES AT PROSPECTIVE OFFSHORE WIND FARM SITES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODELLING THE VERTICAL WIND SPEED AND TURBULENCE INTENSITY PROFILES AT PROSPECTIVE OFFSHORE WIND important for offshore wind energy utilisation are discussed and tested: Four models for the surface tested with data from the offshore field measurement Rødsand by extrapolating the measured 10 m wind

Heinemann, Detlev

320

Vision Statement for Plant Physiology Comparative Plant Genomics. Frontiers and Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vision Statement for Plant Physiology Comparative Plant Genomics. Frontiers and Prospects Ana L function and evolution at various levels of biological organiza- tion. The availability of whole-genome sequences as well as other genomic resources (e.g. microarray meth- ods, expressed sequence tag [EST

Purugganan, Michael D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The Polyx photovoltaic technology: progress and prospects J. Fally (*), E. Fabre (**) and B. Chabot (***)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

529 The Polyx photovoltaic technology: progress and prospects J. Fally (*), E. Fabre (**) and B photovoltaic technologies due to its present industrial state and its possible improvements related to costs of this technology. A description and an analysis of photovoltaic markets well suited to this technology are given

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

322

Prospective Article Materials processing strategies for colloidal quantum dot solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy sources, particularly with cheap and plentiful natural gas, solar photovoltaic systems must cost of the solar panels themselves. Third-generation photovoltaic systems, including organic, dye-sensitized, and colloidal quantum dot (CQD) solar cells, offer a path to low-weight, low-cost, and prospectively high

323

OCCUPATION DU SOL ET GESTION DE Modlisation prospective en paysage agricole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OCCUPATION DU SOL ET GESTION DE L'EAU Modlisation prospective en paysage agricole fragment Thomas locales. De mme, la gestion de l'eau constitue une comptence partage par une multitude d'organismes, relevant d'un mille-feuille de rgles. Cela ne facilite pas une gestion de l'eau efficiente qui ne se

Brest, Universit de

324

BA (Hons) Business Management (In-Company) Degree Information for Prospective Sponsoring Companies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BA (Hons) Business Management (In-Company) Degree Information for Prospective Sponsoring Companies) Business Management (In-Company) degree, which is based at Nottingham Business School, is aimed of the programme is full time at the Business School but students then spend the next two years in a company

Evans, Paul

325

Direct Discovery Prospects for the Light CP-odd Higgs Boson of NMSSM Ideal Higgs Scenarios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct Discovery Prospects for the Light CP-odd Higgs Boson of NMSSM Ideal Higgs Scenarios Jack on the following papers with R. Dermisek: · New constraints on a light CP-odd Higgs boson and related NMSSM Ideal CP-odd Higgs boson at the Tevatron and LHC. Published in Phys.Rev.D81:055001,2010, arXiv:0911

California at Santa Cruz, University of

326

Present status and future prospects for a Higgs boson discovery at the Tevatron and LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Present status and future prospects for a Higgs boson discovery at the Tevatron and LHC Howard E-mail: haber@scipp.ucsc.edu Abstract. Discovering the Higgs boson is one of the primary goals of both for the Higgs boson and its phenomenological consequences are examined. 1. Introduction The origin

California at Santa Cruz, University of

327

Assessing the prospective environmental impacts of photovoltaic systems based on a simplified LCA model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessing the prospective environmental impacts of photovoltaic systems based on a simplified LCA the environmental impacts of PV systems are small during their operating phase, they are more significant during the use of LCA to assess the environmental impacts of one electricity-production technology. To address

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

328

A Prospective Study of Management and Litter Variables Associated with Cellulitis in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Prospective Study of Management and Litter Variables Associated with Cellulitis in California that the litter was an important reservoir for cellulitis-associated E. coli. We hypothesized that factors study of 304 flocks on five farms from two integrated broiler companies was conducted to determine

Singer, Randall

329

A Study of Prospective Mathematics Teachers' Knowledge Development and Beliefs Changes for Teaching Fraction Division  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as deficient compared with academic mathematics department because prospective teachers? mathematics knowledge is limited. On the other hand, since the late of 1980s, researchers (e.g., Ball, 1990a, 1990b; Borko et al., 1992; Graeber, Tirosh, & Glover, 1989...

Chen, Xi

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

330

Summary remarks and future prospects for on-line nuclear orientation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results from various groups which use on-line low temperature nuclear orientation techniques are presented. Several nuclear parameters have been successfully studied: rotational levels, nuclear deformation, and decay modes. Future prospects include multiparameter analysis, relaxation and pre-orientation, new separators, and alpha decay studies. 33 refs., 5 figs. (WRF)

Krane, K.S.; Hamilton, J.H.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Space Physics in Greece: Experience and Future Prospects Ioannis A. Daglis, Anastasios Anastasiadis and Georgia Tsiropoula  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Space Physics in Greece: Experience and Future Prospects Ioannis A. Daglis, Anastasios Anastasiadis and Georgia Tsiropoula National Observatory of Athens, Institute of Ionospheric and Space Research, Penteli Engineering, Xanthi, Greece Abstract. Space Physics was born with the launch of the first artifi cial

Anastasiadis, Anastasios

332

India 19602010: Structural Change, the Rural Nonfarm Sector, and the Prospects for Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

India 19602010: Structural Change, the Rural Nonfarm Sector, and the Prospects for Agriculture. The analytical work was also supported by Integrated Research and Development (IRADE), New Delhi, India for agriculture and rural development can nevertheless be achieved if government policy is supportive of the ways

333

Prospects for Grid-Computing in Future Power Networks Prof. Malcolm Irving1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prospects for Grid-Computing in Future Power Networks Prof. Malcolm Irving1 , Dr. Gareth Taylor1 , Dr. Peter Hobson2 28 October 2003 1 Brunel Institute of Power Systems 2 SIRE Group Department to alert the power system community to the concept of Grid-computing and to initiate a discussion of its

Taylor, Gary

334

for Prospective Canada's Green UniversityTM www.unbc.ca/whyunbc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate change, pollutants, and wildlife protection are just a few samples of Green research currentlyHandbook for Prospective Students 2007/2008 Canada's Green UniversityTM www.unbc.ca/whyunbc #12;Places Special Student Street Prince George Campus1 2 Administration Building Prince George Campus

Northern British Columbia, University of

335

PROSPECT-PSPP: an automatic computational pipeline for protein structure prediction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROSPECT-PSPP: an automatic computational pipeline for protein structure prediction Jun-tao Guo1 useful informa- tion for the biological research community. We have developed a prediction pipeline prediction. The pipeline consists of tools for (i) preprocessing of pro- tein sequences, which includes

336

Technical and Political Assessment of Peaceful Nuclear Power Program Prospects in North Africa and the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PNNL-16840 Technical and Political Assessment of Peaceful Nuclear Power Program Prospects in North and application of resources towards developing nuclear-generated electricity and nuclear-powered desalination nations have recently expressed interest in developing nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. Many

337

8 Prospects for Biological Carbon Sinks in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8 Prospects for Biological Carbon Sinks in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Systems John Reilly1. With emissions trading, emitters who found they could cheaply reduce their emissions might have allowances- ing Australia, Canada, Japan and Russia. This group also pushed strongly for inter- national emissions

338

Compact Stellarator Power Plants Prospects, Technical Issue, and R&D Directions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 FT/P3-13 Compact Stellarator Power Plants Prospects, Technical Issue, and R&D Directions F was to investigate whether stellarator power plants can be made to be similar in size to advanced tokamak variants features as a power plant because of the lack of a large driven external current: they are inherently

Najmabadi, Farrokh

339

Cancer Immunol Immunother . Author manuscript Anti-HER2 vaccines: new prospects for breast cancer therapy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cancer Immunol Immunother . Author manuscript Page /1 18 Anti-HER2 vaccines: new prospects for breast cancer therapy Maha Zohra Ladjemi 1 , William Jacot 2 , Thierry Chard sè 1 , Andr P legriné è 1 cancer accounts for more than 400.000 new cancer cases and more than 130.000 cancer deaths in Europe

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

340

India's Nuclear Energy Program : prospects The talk will begin with a brief introduction to nuclear fission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

India's Nuclear Energy Program : prospects The talk will begin with a brief introduction to nuclear posed by reactors, the accident liability laws and regulatory structure governing nuclear energy, Wednesday, Oct 29th 4:00 PM (Tea/Coffee at Seminar Hall, TCIS Colloquium India's Nuclear Energy Program

Shyamasundar, R.K.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Prospects for Networked Vehicles of the Future A. Agarwal and T.D.C. Little  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy consumption or time of day latency). To realize this vision, vehicles and the corresponding distributed autonomous control system. Today, vehicles comprise elements of an autonomous control systemProspects for Networked Vehicles of the Future A. Agarwal and T.D.C. Little Department

342

A Sectoral Prospective Analysis of CO2 Emissions in China, USA and France, 2010-2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A Sectoral Prospective Analysis of CO2 Emissions in China, USA and France, 2010-2050 Pascal da mitigation targets for CO2 emissions, which reflect their own specific situations. In this article, scenarios for CO2 emissions up to 2050 are set up for three representative countries: the United States of America

Boyer, Edmond

343

Improved dye-sensitized solar cells by composite ionic liquid electrolyte incorporating layered titanium phosphate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We reported a composite electrolyte prepared by incorporating layered {alpha}-titanium phosphate ({alpha}-TiP) into a binary ionic liquid of 1-propyl-3-methylimidazolium iodide (PMII) and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (EmimBF{sub 4}) (volume ratio, 13:7) electrolyte. The addition of {alpha}-TiP markedly improved the photovoltaic properties of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) compared to that without {alpha}-TiP. The enhancement was explained by improved diffusion of tri-iodide (I{sub 3}{sup -}) ions, suppressed electron recombination with I{sub 3}{sup -} in the electrolyte and increased lifetime of electrons in mesoscopic TiO{sub 2} film. (author)

Cheng, Ping; Lan, Tian; Wang, Wanjun; Wu, Haixia; Yang, Haijun; Guo, Shouwu [National Key Laboratory of Nano/Micro Fabrication Technology, Key Laboratory for Thin Film and Microfabrication of the Ministry of Education, Research Institute of Micro/Nano Science and Technology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Deng, Changsheng; Dai, Xiaming [Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

344

Model for incorporating fuel swelling and clad shrinkage effects in diffusion theory calculations (LWBR Development Program)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A model has been devised for incorporating into the thermal feedback procedure of the PDQ few-group diffusion theory computer program the explicit calculation of depletion and temperature dependent fuel-rod shrinkage and swelling at each mesh point. The model determines the effect on reactivity of the change in hydrogen concentration caused by the variation in coolant channel area as the rods contract and expand. The calculation of fuel temperature, and hence of Doppler-broadened cross sections, is improved by correcting the heat transfer coefficient of the fuel-clad gap for the effects of clad creep, fuel densification and swelling, and release of fission-product gases into the gap. An approximate calculation of clad stress is also included in the model.

Schick, W.C. Jr.; Milani, S.; Duncombe, E.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

High figure-of-merit ultrathin metal transparent electrodes incorporating a conductive grid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is known that ultrathin (<10 nm) metal films (UTMFs) can achieve high level of optical transparency at the expense of the electrical sheet resistance. In this letter, we propose a design, the incorporation of an ad hoc conductive grid, which can significantly reduce the sheet resistance of UTMF based transparent electrodes, leaving practically unchanged their transparency. The calculated highest figure-of-merit corresponds to a filling factor and a grid spacing-to-linewidth ratio of 0.025 and 39, respectively. To demonstrate the capability of the proposed method the sheet resistance of a continuous 2 nm Ni film (>950 OMEGA/square) is reduced to approx6.5 OMEGA/square when a 100 nm thick Cu grid is deposited on it. The transparency is instead maintained at values exceeding 75%. These results, which can be further improved by making thicker grids, already demonstrate the potential in applications, such as photovoltaic cells, optical detectors and displays.

Ghosh, D. S.; Chen, T. L. [ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, Castelldefels, Barcelona, 08860 Catalunya (Spain); Pruneri, V. [ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, Castelldefels, Barcelona, 08860 Catalunya (Spain); ICREA-Institucio Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats, 08010 Barcelona (Spain)

2010-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

346

Incorporation of Novel Nanostructured Materials into Solar Cells and Nanoelectronic Devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Each of the investigators on this project has had significant accomplishments toward the production of semiconductor nanoparticles, particles, and thin films and attempts to incorporate these materials into photovoltaics or sensors; to use them for improving fluorescence diagnostics; or to employ them as cancer fighting agents. The synthesis and characterization of the nanomaterials, and more recently the device construction and testing of these materials, have been the subject of several publications and presentations by team members. During the course of the investigations, several students were fully involved as part of their graduate and undergraduate training. The nature of these projects in material development dictates that the students have gained significant experience in a diverse array of material-related topics.

Rodriguez, Rene; Pak, Joshua; Holland, Andrew; Hunt, Alan; Bitterwolf, Thomas; Qiang, You; Bergman, Leah; Berven, Christine; Punnoose, Alex; Tenne, Dmitri

2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

347

Incorporation of catalytic dehydrogenation into fischer-tropsch synthesis to significantly reduce carbon dioxide emissions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new method of producing liquid transportation fuels from coal and other hydrocarbons that significantly reduces carbon dioxide emissions by combining Fischer-Tropsch synthesis with catalytic dehydrogenation is claimed. Catalytic dehydrogenation (CDH) of the gaseous products (C1-C4) of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) can produce large quantities of hydrogen while converting the carbon to multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT). Incorporation of CDH into a FTS-CDH plant converting coal to liquid fuels can eliminate all or most of the CO.sub.2 emissions from the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction that is currently used to elevate the H.sub.2 level of coal-derived syngas for FTS. Additionally, the FTS-CDH process saves large amounts of water used by the WGS reaction and produces a valuable by-product, MWCNT.

Huffman, Gerald P.

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

348

Incorporating ecological risk assessment into remedial investigation/feasibility study work plans  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This guidance document (1) provides instructions on preparing the components of an ecological work plan to complement the overall site remedial investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) work plan and (2) directs the user on how to implement ecological tasks identified in the plan. Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA), as amended by the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA), and RI/FS work plan will have to be developed as part of the site-remediation scoping process. Specific guidance on the RI/FS process and the preparation of work plans has been developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA 1988a). This document provides guidance to US Department of Energy (DOE) staff and contractor personnel for incorporation of ecological information into environmental remediation planning and decision making at CERCLA sites.

Not Available

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Reconciling Real Option Models: An Approach to Incorporate Market and Private Uncertainties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several real options analysis techniques designed for practitioners exist in literature, but there is discrepancy in their underlying assumptions, mechanics and applicability. Within this paper, a review of approaches targeted towards practitioners is included, and a novel way of integrating market and private uncertainties is proposed. Market risk is incorporated into the dynamics of the project cash flow by assuming the success of the project is correlated to a traded index. The value of the real option on the project cash flows may be priced by traditional numerical methods or a simulation approach similar to the previously recommended Datar-Mathews method (Datar et al., 2007). A numerical example presents the proposed model within the simulation framework. Keywords: Real options for practitioners, valuation under uncertainty, DM Method, correlated processes 1

Kelsey Barton; Yuri Lawryshyn

350

A Hybrid N-Body Code Incorporating Algorithmic Regularization and Post-Newtonian Forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a novel N-body code designed for simulations of the central regions of galaxies containing massive black holes. The code incorporates Mikkola's 'algorithmic' chain regularization scheme including post-Newtonian terms up to PN2.5 order. Stars moving beyond the chain are advanced using a fourth-order integrator with forces computed on a GRAPE board. Performance tests confirm that the hybrid code achieves better energy conservation, in less elapsed time, than the standard scheme and that it reproduces the orbits of stars tightly bound to the black hole with high precision. The hybrid code is applied to two sample problems: the effect of finite-N gravitational fluctuations on the orbits of the S-stars; and inspiral of an intermediate-mass black hole into the galactic center.

S. Harfst; A. Gualandris; D. Merritt; S. Mikkola

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

351

Incentive-based approaches for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions : issues and prospects for India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As a consequence of the flexibility mechanisms incorporated in the Kyoto Protocol, incentive-based policies such as emissions trading and the clean development mechanism are being widely discussed in the context of greenhouse ...

Gupta, Shreekant.

352

Incorporation of Integral Fuel Burnable Absorbers Boron and Gadolinium into Zirconium-Alloy Fuel Clad Material  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long-lived fuels require the use of higher enrichments of 235U or other fissile materials. Such high levels of fissile material lead to excessive fuel activity at the beginning of life. To counteract this excessive activity, integral fuel burnable absorbers (IFBA) are added to some rods in the fuel assembly. The two commonly used IFBA elements are gadolinium, which is added as gadolinium-oxide to the UO2 powder, and boron, which is applied as a zirconium-diboride coating on the UO2 pellets using plasma spraying or chemical vapor deposition techniques. The incorporation of IFBA into the fuel has to be performed in a nuclear-regulated facility that is physically separated from the main plant. These operations tend to be very costly because of their small volume and can add from 20 to 30% to the manufacturing cost of the fuel. Other manufacturing issues that impact cost and performance are maintaining the correct levels of dosing, the reduction in fuel melting point due to gadolinium-oxide additions, and parasitic neutron absorption at fuel's end-of-life. The goal of the proposed research is to develop an alternative approach that involves incorporation of boron or gadolinium into the outer surface of the fuel cladding material rather than as an additive to the fuel pellets. This paradigm shift will allow for the introduction of the IFBA in a non-nuclear regulated environment and will obviate the necessity of additional handling and processing of the fuel pellets. This could represent significant cost savings and potentially lead to greater reproducibility and control of the burnable fuel in the early stages of the reactor operation. The surface alloying is being performed using the IBEST (Ion Beam Surface Treatment) process developed at Sandia National Laboratories. IBEST involves the delivery of energetic ion beam pulses onto the surface of a material, near-surface melting, and rapid solidification. The non-equilibrium nature of such processing allows for surface alloying well in excess of the thermodynamically dictated solubility limits, an effect that is particularly relevant to this research due to the negligible solubility of boron and gadolinium in zirconium. University of Wisconsin is performing the near surface materials characterization and analysis, aiding Sandia in process optimization, and promoting educational activities. Westinghouse is performing process manufacturability and scale-up analysis and is performing autoclave testing of the surface treated samples. The duration of this NERI project is 2 years, from 9/2002 to 9/2004.

Sridharan, K.; Renk, T.J.; Lahoda, E.J.; Corradini, M.L

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

353

Incorporating Equipment Condition Assessment in Risk Monitors for Advanced Small Modular Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advanced small modular reactors (aSMRs) can complement the current fleet of large light-water reactors in the USA for baseload and peak demand power production and process heat applications (e.g., water desalination, shale oil extraction, hydrogen production). The day-to-day costs of aSMRs are expected to be dominated by operations and maintenance (O&M); however, the effect of diverse operating missions and unit modularity on O&M is not fully understood. These costs could potentially be reduced by optimized scheduling, with risk-informed scheduling of maintenance, repair, and replacement of equipment. Currently, most nuclear power plants have a living probabilistic risk assessment (PRA), which reflects the as-operated, as-modified plant and combine event probabilities with population-based probability of failure (POF) for key components. Risk monitors extend the PRA by incorporating the actual and dynamic plant configuration (equipment availability, operating regime, environmental conditions, etc.) into risk assessment. In fact, PRAs are more integrated into plant management in todays nuclear power plants than at any other time in the history of nuclear power. However, population-based POF curves are still used to populate fault trees; this approach neglects the time-varying condition of equipment that is relied on during standard and non-standard configurations. Equipment condition monitoring techniques can be used to estimate the component POF. Incorporating this unit-specific estimate of POF in the risk monitor can provide a more accurate estimate of risk in different operating and maintenance configurations. This enhanced risk assessment will be especially important for aSMRs that have advanced component designs, which dont have an available operating history to draw from, and often use passive design features, which present challenges to PRA. This paper presents the requirements and technical gaps for developing a framework to integrate unit-specific estimates of POF into risk monitors, resulting in enhanced risk monitors that support optimized operation and maintenance of aSMRs.

Coble, Jamie B.; Coles, Garill A.; Meyer, Ryan M.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

First results with charmless two-body B-decays at LHCb, and future prospects  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

LHCb is an experiment which is designed to perform flavour physics measurements at the LHC. Charged two-body charmless B decays (e.g. B^0 -> Kpi, pipi, B_s->KK, etc) receive significant contributions from loop diagrams and are thus sensitive probes of New Physics. Study of these modes is therefore an important physics goal of LHCb. First results will be presented, using around 37 pb^{-1} of data collected at \\sqrt{s}=7 TeV in 2010. These results illustrate the power of the LHCb trigger system and particle identification capabilities of the RICH detectors in isolating clean samples of each final state, and include preliminary measurements of direct CP-violation in certain key modes. The prospects for these measurements in the coming run will be presented. A brief survey will also be given of results and prospect in other areas of the LHCb physics programme.

None

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

355

Nanoporous microbead supported bilayers: stability, physical characterization, and incorporation of functional transmembrane proteins.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The introduction of functional transmembrane proteins into supported bilayer-based biomimetic systems presents a significant challenge for biophysics. Among the various methods for producing supported bilayers, liposomal fusion offers a versatile method for the introduction of membrane proteins into supported bilayers on a variety of substrates. In this study, the properties of protein containing unilamellar phosphocholine lipid bilayers on nanoporous silica microspheres are investigated. The effects of the silica substrate, pore structure, and the substrate curvature on the stability of the membrane and the functionality of the membrane protein are determined. Supported bilayers on porous silica microspheres show a significant increase in surface area on surfaces with structures in excess of 10 nm as well as an overall decrease in stability resulting from increasing pore size and curvature. Comparison of the liposomal and detergent-mediated introduction of purified bacteriorhodopsin (bR) and the human type 3 serotonin receptor (5HT3R) are investigated focusing on the resulting protein function, diffusion, orientation, and incorporation efficiency. In both cases, functional proteins are observed; however, the reconstitution efficiency and orientation selectivity are significantly enhanced through detergent-mediated protein reconstitution. The results of these experiments provide a basis for bulk ionic and fluorescent dye-based compartmentalization assays as well as single-molecule optical and single-channel electrochemical interrogation of transmembrane proteins in a biomimetic platform.

Davis, Ryan W. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Brozik, James A. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Brozik, Susan Marie; Cox, Jason M. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Lopez, Gabriel P. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Barrick, Todd A. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Flores, Adrean (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM)

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Incorporating Wind Generation Forecast Uncertainty into Power System Operation, Dispatch, and Unit Commitment Procedures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, an approach to evaluate the uncertainties of the balancing capacity, ramping capability, and ramp duration requirements is proposed. The approach includes three steps: forecast data acquisition, statistical analysis of retrospective information, and prediction of grid balancing requirements for a specified time horizon and a given confidence level. Assessment of the capacity and ramping requirements is performed using a specially developed probabilistic algorithm based on histogram analysis, incorporating sources of uncertainty of both continuous (wind and load forecast errors) and discrete (forced generator outages and start-up failures) nature. A new method called the "flying-brick" technique is developed to evaluate the look-ahead required generation performance envelope for the worst case scenario within a user-specified confidence level. A self-validation process is used to validate the accuracy of the confidence intervals. To demonstrate the validity of the developed uncertainty assessment methods and its impact on grid operation, a framework for integrating the proposed methods with an EMS system is developed. Demonstration through integration with an EMS system illustrates the applicability of the proposed methodology and the developed tool for actual grid operation and paves the road for integration with EMS systems from other vendors.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Etingov, Pavel V.; Huang, Zhenyu; Ma, Jian; Subbarao, Krishnappa

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

357

Incorporating long-term climate change in performance assessment for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is developing the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in southeastern New Mexico for the disposal of transuranic wastes generated by defense programs. Applicable regulations (40 CFR 191) require the DOE to evaluate disposal-system performance for 10,000 yr. Climatic changes may affect performance by altering groundwater flow. Paleoclimatic data from southeastern New Mexico and the surrounding area indicate that the wettest and coolest Quaternary climate at the site can be represented by that at the last glacial maximum, when mean annual precipitation was approximately twice that of the present. The hottest and driest climates have been similar to that of the present. The regularity of global glacial cycles during the late Pleistocene confirms that the climate of the last glacial maximum is suitable for use as a cooler and wetter bound for variability during the next 10,000 yr. Climate variability is incorporated into groundwater-flow modeling for WIPP PA by causing hydraulic head in a portion of the model-domain boundary to rise to the ground surface with hypothetical increases in precipitation during the next 10,000 yr. Variability in modeled disposal-system performance introduced by allowing had values to vary over this range is insignificant compared to variability resulting from other causes, including incomplete understanding of transport processes. Preliminary performance assessments suggest that climate variability will not affect regulatory compliance.

Swift, P.N. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Baker, B.L. [Technadyne Engineering Consultants, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Economy, K. [Ecodynamics Research Associates, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Garner, J.W. [Applied Physics, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Helton, J.C. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States); Rudeen, D.K. [New Mexico Engineering Research Institute, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Prospects of employing superconducting stripline resonators for studying the dynamical Casimir effect experimentally  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the prospects of employing an NbN superconducting microwave stripline resonator for studying the dynamical Casimir effect experimentally. Preliminary experimental results, in which optical illumination is employed for modulating the resonance frequencies of the resonator, show that such a system is highly promising for this purpose. Moreover, we discuss the undesirable effect of heating which results from the optical illumination, and show that degradation in noise properties can be minimized by employing an appropriate design.

Eran Arbel-Segev; Baleegh Abdo; Oleg Shtempluck; Eyal Buks; Bernard Yurke

2006-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

359

The effects of a career education module on attitudes and knowledges of prospective teachers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Pretest Results. . . APPENDIX D: Posttest Results. . . VITA. . . Page 3 3 10 10 10 14 15 16 20 21 37 43 43 46 48 50 53 57 60 64 LIST OF TASLES Tables Page Means and standard deviations by sex of subject. 22 Summary... program. 42 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Traditionally teacher education programs have not in- cluded such curriculum areas as the disadvantaged, minorities, or more recently career education(Swanson, 1972). These curriculum areas face the prospective...

Green, Elizabeth Gilley

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Resource characteristics and development of Sumatera`s geothermal prospects, Indonesia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sumatera`s regional geologic setting has created appropriate conditions for the occurrence of wide spread, commercial geothermal resources distributed along the elongation of the island. A peculiar oblique approach of the India-Australian plate subduction beneath the Southeast Asian plate has led to island arc volcanic activity and major faulting that run along the entire island. Exploitable geothermal systems are developed beneath the volcanic complexes that are fed by shallow magma chamber and commercial viability is intensely enhanced by the presence of fault related zones of fracturing. The existence of shallow crustal magmatic heat sources and fracturing enhanced permeability provides Sumatera with the Indonesia`s largest concentration of geothermal prospects. Geological surveys of Sumatera have currently identified approximately 30 high enthalpy geothermal prospects which are mostly confined to the major zones of crustal weaknesses created by the northwest-southeast Sumatera fault system. High-temperature geothermal prospects in Sumatera are primarily associated with Quaternary andesitic to rhyotitic volcanics that emerge through this faulting system. Sumatera`s geothermal resources are typical of high-temperature hot water system with main reservoir rocks are composed of fractured Tertiary-Mesozoic sediments encountered at depth on the order of a few hundred meter to about 1,000 m overlain by low permeability layer of Quaternary volcanic rocks. The estimate on the Sumatera`s geothermal resource capability from 30 high-temperature prospects reveals a value of approximately 9,500 MW and presently, non of this capacity is commercially utilised and only less than 1% (65 MW) of this capacity, derived from two fields (Sibayak and Lempur), have been proven by exploratory drilling. The proven reserve capacity of the other field (Sarulla) in North Sumatera is still being calculated.

Prijanto, M.B.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Present status and future prospects for a Higgs boson discovery at the Tevatron and LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discovering the Higgs boson is one of the primary goals of both the Tevatron and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The present status of the Higgs search is reviewed and future prospects for discovery at the Tevatron and LHC are considered. This talk focuses primarily on the Higgs boson of the Standard Model and its minimal supersymmetric extension. Theoretical expectations for the Higgs boson and its phenomenological consequences are reviewed.

Howard E. Haber

2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

362

Prospects for Searching for Excited Leptons during RunII of the Fermilab Tevatron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This letter presents a study of prospects of searching for excited leptons during RunII of the Fermilab Tevatron. We concentrate on single and pair production of excited electrons in the photonic decay channel in one CDF/DO detector equivalent for 2 fb^{-1}. By the end of RunIIa, the limits should be easily extended beyond those set by LEP and HERA for excited leptons with mass above about 190 GeV.

E. Boos; A. Vologdin; D. Toback; J. Gaspard

2001-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

363

Improved Efficiency of Miscible CO2 Floods and Enhanced Prospects for CO2 Flooding Heterogeneous Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this project is to improve the efficiency of miscible CO2 floods and enhance the prospects for flooding heterogeneous reservoirs. This report provides results of the second year of the three-year project that will be exploring three principles: (1) Fluid and matrix interactions (understanding the problems). (2) Conformance control/sweep efficiency (solving the problems. 3) Reservoir simulation for improved oil recovery (predicting results).

Grigg, Reid B.; Schechter, David S.

1999-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

L'IRAN ET LE "CROISSANT CHIITE": MYTHES, RALITS ET PROSPECTIVE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

141 L'IRAN ET LE "CROISSANT CHIITE": MYTHES, R?ALIT?S ET PROSPECTIVE Le recteur Gérard faire évoluer les rapports de force, plus particulièrement au Moyen-Orient, en faveur de l'Iran et, donc chiite ». Ce dernier, allant de l'Iran au Liban, comprendrait d'abord l'Irak post-Saddam, dont les

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

365

Prospecting for lunar ice using a multi-rover cooperative team  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multi-rover cooperative team or swarm developed by Sandia National Laboratories is described, including various control methodologies that have been implemented to date. How the swarm's capabilities could be applied to a lunar ice prospecting mission is briefly explored. Some of the specific major engineering issues that must be addressed to successfully implement the swarm approach to a lunar surface mission are outlined, and potential solutions are proposed.

KLARER,PAUL R.; FEDDEMA,JOHN T.; LEWIS,CHRISTOPHER L.

2000-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

366

The Tropical Brown Alga Lobophora variegata (Lamouroux) Womersley: A Prospective Bioindicator for Ag Contamination in Tropical Coastal Waters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Tropical Brown Alga Lobophora variegata (Lamouroux) Womersley: A Prospective Bioindicator determined in the brown alga Lobophora variegata, using radiotracer techniques. Results indicate that this widely distributed alga could be a useful bioindicator species for surveying silver contamination

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

367

Modelling the global prospects and impacts of heavy duty liquefied natural gas vehicles in computable general equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Natural gas vehicles have the prospects of making substantial contributions to transportation needs. The adoption of natural gas vehicles could lead to impacts on energy and environmental systems. An analysis of the main ...

Yip, Arthur Hong Chun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Preparing prospective teacher education students at two-year post secondary institutions: an assessment of proficiency in technology usage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this study was to examine the proficiency or lack of proficiency of prospective teacher education students at two-year community colleges to use and integrate instructional technologies. In addition, this study also examined...

Cavenall, Pamela Elaine Rogers

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

STATUS AND FUTURE PROSPECT OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND HADRON THERAPY IN NORTH-WEST REGION OF RUSSIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATUS AND FUTURE PROSPECT OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND HADRON THERAPY IN NORTH-WEST REGION OF RUSSIA N should provide the North-West region of Russia a possibility to treat a wide spectrum of oncological

Titov, Anatoly

370

Advanced Methods for Incorporating Solar Energy Technologies into Electric Sector Capacity-Expansion Models: Literature Review and Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Because solar power is a rapidly growing component of the electricity system, robust representations of solar technologies should be included in capacity-expansion models. This is a challenge because modeling the electricity system--and, in particular, modeling solar integration within that system--is a complex endeavor. This report highlights the major challenges of incorporating solar technologies into capacity-expansion models and shows examples of how specific models address those challenges. These challenges include modeling non-dispatchable technologies, determining which solar technologies to model, choosing a spatial resolution, incorporating a solar resource assessment, and accounting for solar generation variability and uncertainty.

Sullivan, P.; Eurek, K.; Margolis, R.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Effect of silicate modulus and metakaolin incorporation on the carbonation of alkali silicate-activated slags  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accelerated carbonation is induced in pastes and mortars produced from alkali silicate-activated granulated blast furnace slag (GBFS)-metakaolin (MK) blends, by exposure to CO{sub 2}-rich gas atmospheres. Uncarbonated specimens show compressive strengths of up to 63 MPa after 28 days of curing when GBFS is used as the sole binder, and this decreases by 40-50% upon complete carbonation. The final strength of carbonated samples is largely independent of the extent of metakaolin incorporation up to 20%. Increasing the metakaolin content of the binder leads to a reduction in mechanical strength, more rapid carbonation, and an increase in capillary sorptivity. A higher susceptibility to carbonation is identified when activation is carried out with a lower solution modulus (SiO{sub 2}/Na{sub 2}O ratio) in metakaolin-free samples, but this trend is reversed when metakaolin is added due to the formation of secondary aluminosilicate phases. High-energy synchrotron X-ray diffractometry of uncarbonated paste samples shows that the main reaction products in alkali-activated GBFS/MK blends are C-S-H gels, and aluminosilicates with a zeolitic (gismondine) structure. The main crystalline carbonation products are calcite in all samples and trona only in samples containing no metakaolin, with carbonation taking place in the C-S-H gels of all samples, and involving the free Na{sup +} present in the pore solution of the metakaolin-free samples. Samples containing metakaolin do not appear to have the same availability of Na{sup +} for carbonation, indicating that this is more effectively bound in the presence of a secondary aluminosilicate gel phase. It is clear that claims of exceptional carbonation resistance in alkali-activated binders are not universally true, but by developing a fuller mechanistic understanding of this process, it will certainly be possible to improve performance in this area.

Bernal, Susan A., E-mail: susana.bernal@gmail.co [Materials Engineering Department, Composite Materials Group, CENM, Universidad del Valle, Cali (Colombia); Mejia de Gutierrez, Ruby [Materials Engineering Department, Composite Materials Group, CENM, Universidad del Valle, Cali (Colombia); Provis, John L., E-mail: jprovis@unimelb.edu.a [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Rose, Volker [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

Incorporating Single-nucleotide Polymorphisms Into the Lyman Model to Improve Prediction of Radiation Pneumonitis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To determine whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes associated with DNA repair, cell cycle, transforming growth factor-{beta}, tumor necrosis factor and receptor, folic acid metabolism, and angiogenesis can significantly improve the fit of the Lyman-Kutcher-Burman (LKB) normal-tissue complication probability (NTCP) model of radiation pneumonitis (RP) risk among patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods and Materials: Sixteen SNPs from 10 different genes (XRCC1, XRCC3, APEX1, MDM2, TGF{beta}, TNF{alpha}, TNFR, MTHFR, MTRR, and VEGF) were genotyped in 141 NSCLC patients treated with definitive radiation therapy, with or without chemotherapy. The LKB model was used to estimate the risk of severe (grade {>=}3) RP as a function of mean lung dose (MLD), with SNPs and patient smoking status incorporated into the model as dose-modifying factors. Multivariate analyses were performed by adding significant factors to the MLD model in a forward stepwise procedure, with significance assessed using the likelihood-ratio test. Bootstrap analyses were used to assess the reproducibility of results under variations in the data. Results: Five SNPs were selected for inclusion in the multivariate NTCP model based on MLD alone. SNPs associated with an increased risk of severe RP were in genes for TGF{beta}, VEGF, TNF{alpha}, XRCC1 and APEX1. With smoking status included in the multivariate model, the SNPs significantly associated with increased risk of RP were in genes for TGF{beta}, VEGF, and XRCC3. Bootstrap analyses selected a median of 4 SNPs per model fit, with the 6 genes listed above selected most often. Conclusions: This study provides evidence that SNPs can significantly improve the predictive ability of the Lyman MLD model. With a small number of SNPs, it was possible to distinguish cohorts with >50% risk vs <10% risk of RP when they were exposed to high MLDs.

Tucker, Susan L., E-mail: sltucker@mdanderson.org [Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Li Minghuan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital, Jinan, Shandong (China)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital, Jinan, Shandong (China); Xu Ting; Gomez, Daniel [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Yuan Xianglin [Department of Oncology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China)] [Department of Oncology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China); Yu Jinming [Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital, Jinan, Shandong (China)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital, Jinan, Shandong (China); Liu Zhensheng; Yin Ming; Guan Xiaoxiang; Wang Lie; Wei Qingyi [Department of Epidemiology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Epidemiology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Mohan, Radhe [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Vinogradskiy, Yevgeniy [University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States)] [University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Martel, Mary [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Liao Zhongxing [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Advanced insulations for refrigerator/freezers: The potential for new shell designs incorporating polymer barrier construction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The impending phase-out of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) used to expand foam insulation, combined with requirements for increased energy efficiency, make the use of non-CFC-based high performance insulation technologies increasingly attractive. The majority of current efforts are directed at using advanced insulations in the form of thin, flat low-conductivity gas-filled or evacuated orthogonal panels, which we refer to as Advanced Insulation Panels (AIPs). AIPs can be used in composite with blown polymer foams to improve insulation performance in refrigerator/freezers (R/Fs) of conventional design and manufacture. This AIP/foam composite approach is appealing because it appears to be a feasible, near-term method for incorporating advanced insulations into R/Fs without substantial redesign or retooling. However, the requirements for adequate flow of foam during the foam-in-place operation impose limitations on the allowable thickness and coverage area of AIPs. This report examines design alternatives which may offer a greater increase in overall thermal resistance than is possible with the use of AIP/foam composites in current R/F design. These design alternatives generally involve a basic redesign of the R/F taking into account the unique requirements of advanced insulations and the importance of minimizing thermal bridging with high thermal resistance insulations. The focus here is on R/F doors because they are relatively simple and independent R/F components and are therefore good candidates for development of alterative designs. R/F doors have significant thermal bridging problems due to the steel outer shell construction. A three dimensional finite difference computer modeling exercise of a R/F door geometry was used to compare the overall levels of thermal resistance (R-value) for various design configurations.

Griffith, B.T.; Arasteh, D.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Incorporating supercritical steam turbines into molten-salt power tower plants : feasibility and performance.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories and Siemens Energy, Inc., examined 14 different subcritical and supercritical steam cycles to determine if it is feasible to configure a molten-salt supercritical steam plant that has a capacity in the range of 150 to 200 MWe. The effects of main steam pressure and temperature, final feedwater temperature, and hot salt and cold salt return temperatures were determined on gross and half-net efficiencies. The main steam pressures ranged from 120 bar-a (subcritical) to 260 bar-a (supercritical). Hot salt temperatures of 566 and 600%C2%B0C were evaluated, which resulted in main steam temperatures of 553 and 580%C2%B0C, respectively. Also, the effects of final feedwater temperature (between 260 and 320%C2%B0C) were evaluated, which impacted the cold salt return temperature. The annual energy production and levelized cost of energy (LCOE) were calculated using the System Advisory Model on 165 MWe subcritical plants (baseline and advanced) and the most promising supercritical plants. It was concluded that the supercritical steam plants produced more annual energy than the baseline subcritical steam plant for the same-size heliostat field, receiver, and thermal storage system. Two supercritical steam plants had the highest annual performance and had nearly the same LCOE. Both operated at 230 bar-a main steam pressure. One was designed for a hot salt temperature of 600%C2%B0C and the other 565%C2%B0C. The LCOEs for these plants were about 10% lower than the baseline subcritical plant operating at 120 bar-a main steam pressure and a hot salt temperature of 565%C2%B0C. Based on the results of this study, it appears economically and technically feasible to incorporate supercritical steam turbines in molten-salt power tower plants.

Pacheco, James Edward; Wolf, Thorsten [Siemens Energy, Inc., Orlando, FL; Muley, Nishant [Siemens Energy, Inc., Orlando, FL

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Is Economics right for me? Economics is a social science which incorporates Mathematics and Statistics but also  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics Is Economics right for me? Economics is a social science which incorporates Mathematics-being, as well as political and financial decisions, then Economics is an excellent choice. You will need good in order to get the best out of this degree. Economics graduates are extremely employable and the skills

Harman, Neal.A.

377

Abstract--Challenges in e-Commerce negotiation reside in two issues such as, automation and knowledge incorporation. In this  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract--Challenges in e-Commerce negotiation reside in two issues such as, automation and knowledge incorporation. In this paper, we describe how knowledge plays a role in automated negotiation of automated negotiation systems is specified. KB helps in giving a unified approach for representing the data

Fong, Chi Chiu "Simon"

378

Preparation of polypyrrole-incorporated mesoporous carbon-based composites for confinement of Eu(III) within mesopores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

e Mesoporous polymer-carbon composite (CMPEI/CMK-3) materials were successfully preparedPreparation of polypyrrole-incorporated mesoporous carbon-based composites for confinement of Eu processes. 1. Introduction A number of organic-inorganic or organic-organic composite materials have been

Boo, Jin-Hyo

379

Oxygen Atom Transfer and Oxidative Water Incorporation in Cuboidal Mn3MOn Complexes Based on Synthetic, Isotopic Labeling,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is performed by the oxygen-evolving center (OEC) of photo- system II (PSII).2 The OEC consists of a Mn4Ca, United States *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: The oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) of photo- system IIOxygen Atom Transfer and Oxidative Water Incorporation in Cuboidal Mn3MOn Complexes Based

Goddard III, William A.

380

Journal of Superconductivity: Incorporating Novel Magnetism ( C 2005) DOI: 10.1007/s10948-005-0005-2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journal of Superconductivity: Incorporating Novel Magnetism ( C 2005) DOI: 10.1007/s10948) and a 10 °A thick Ge spacer layer. From temperature- dependent magnetization and hysteresis loop; ferromagnetism; MBE. Recently, magnetic semiconductors have at- tracted great attention due to the potential

Medvedeva, Julia E.

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381

A Novel, Modification-Dependent ATP-Binding Aptamer Selected from an RNA Library Incorporating a Cationic Functionality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Novel, Modification-Dependent ATP-Binding Aptamer Selected from an RNA Library Incorporating this library yielded a novel receptor that binds ATP under physiological pH and salt conditions in a manner structure model for the ATP binding site were obtained by the analysis of functional sequences selected from

Heller, Eric

382

Relationship Between Conformational Changes in Pol 's Active Site Upon Binding Incorrect Nucleotides and Mismatch Incorporation Rates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nucleotides and Mismatch Incorporation Rates Meredith C. Foley and Tamar Schlick* Department of Chemistry polymerase (pol ) utilizing dynamics simulation of the enzyme bound to incorrect incoming nucleotides nucleotide insertion opposite template adenine, with the exception of T:G, which may be more sensitive

Schlick, Tamar

383

1 to be published in Wind Energy Many engineering systems incorporate prognostics and health management (PHM), which consists of technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 to be published in Wind Energy ABSTRACT Many engineering systems incorporate prognostics exist for wind energy systems, they do not specifically quantify the value of decisions after: GHaddad@slb.com. 1. INTRODUCTION Wind energy is at the forefront of alternative energy sources. The US

Sandborn, Peter

384

Mechanical signal influence on mesenchymal stem cell fate is enhanced by incorporation of refractory periods into the loading regimen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical signal influence on mesenchymal stem cell fate is enhanced by incorporation Adipogenesis Obesity Osteoblastogenesis b-catenin a b s t r a c t Mechanical signals of both low and high mesenchymal stem cell pools from which fat and bone precursors emerge. To identify an idealized mechanical

385

Secondary Uranium-Phase Paragenesis and Incorporation of Radionuclides into Secondary Phase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this analysis/model report (AMR) is to assess the potential for uranium (U) (VI) compounds, formed during the oxidative corrosion of spent uranium-oxide (UO{sub 2}) fuels, to sequester certain radionuclides and, thereby, limit their release. The ''unsaturated drip tests'' being conducted at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) provide the basis of this AMR (Table 1). The ANL drip tests on spent fuel are the only experiments on fuel corrosion from which solids have been analyzed for trace levels of radionuclides. Brief summaries are provided of the results from other selected corrosion and dissolution experiments on spent UO{sub 2} fuels, specifically those conducted under nominally oxidizing conditions. Discussions of the current understanding of thermodynamic and kinetic properties of U(VI) compounds is provided in order to outline the scientific basis for modeling precipitation and dissolution of potential radionuclide-bearing phases under repository-relevant conditions. Attachment I provides additional information on corrosion mechanisms and behaviors of radionuclides in the tests at ANL. Attachment II reviews occurrence, formation, and alteration (collectively known as paragenesis) of naturally occurring U(VI) minerals because natural mineral occurrences can be used to assess the possible long-term behaviors of U(VI) compounds formed in short-term laboratory experiments and to extrapolate experimental results to repository-relevant time scales. This AMR develops a model for calculating dissolved concentrations of radionuclides that are incorporated into U(VI) compounds, which is an alternative to models currently used in TSPA to calculate dissolved concentration limits for certain radionuclides. In particular, the model developed in this AMR applies to Np (neptunium) concentrations being controlled by solid uranyl oxyhydroxides that are known to contain trace levels of Np. The results of this AMR and the conceptual model developed from it and presented in Section 6.7.2.3 are primarily intended to support sensitivity evaluations in performance assessment. This AMR was developed in accordance with the ''Technical Work Plan for Waste Form Degradation Process Model Report for SR'' (CRWMS M&O 2000a). The scope of this AMR is outlined in the section ''Mixed Phase Dissolved Radionuclide Concentration Limits'' of the technical work plan.

R. Finch

2001-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

386

Photoluminescence characterization of polythiophene films incorporated with highly functional molecules such as metallophthalocyanine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The photoluminescence (PL) of conducting polymer polythiophene (PT) films incorporated with metallophthalocyanines (PcMs) such as CuPc, MgPc, FePc, Li{sub 2}Pc, and CoPc was studied by PL and time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC) measurements. Polymer films were prepared by electrochemical polymerization and PcMs migrated into the polymer films by a diffusion method using acetonitrile or toluene as a solvent to dissolve the PcMs. The wavelength of PL emission peaks changed significantly depending on the solvent used in the doping process. Using acetonitrile, the observed PL emission peaks originated from the Q band, whereas they were assigned to the Soret band in the case of toluene. TCSPC measurements showed that PL emission took place through a ligand-ligand transition process when using acetonitrile because the average lifetimes were comparable and independent of the central metal ions for CoPc-, Li{sub 2}Pc-, and MgPc-doped polymer films. Conversely, using toluene, it was found that ligand-ligand emission occurred for Li{sub 2}Pc-, MgPc-, and FePc-doped films. To identify the cause of the drastic change in PL emission pattern, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements were obtained. A lower binding energy component appeared in the C 1s core-level spectra of acetonitrile-processed PcM-doped PT films, whereas this component shifted to higher energy and overlapped with the main peak for toluene-processed PcM-doped PT films. The lower binding energy component corresponded to photoelectrons due to the C atoms in the benzene rings of the ligand. Lower binding energy components also appeared in the N 1s core-level spectra of acetonitrile-processed PcM-doped PT films, and this component shifted to higher energy for toluene-processed PcM-doped PT films. These lower energy components were assigned to the core-level peaks due to the N atoms at the meso position bridging between pyrrole rings. This suggests that the electron charge at the N sites of the meso positions in toluene-processed films was smaller than in acetonitrile-processed ones. The changes in energy at benzene C sites and meso N sites suggest that the electronic states of the phthalocyanine in the toluene-processed films were porphyrin-like, so the Soret band became dominant in the PL emission spectrum.

Kobe, Hiroaki; Ohnaka, Kazumasa; Kato, Hitoshi; Takemura, Susumu; Shimada, Kazuhiro; Hiramatsu, Tomoyasu; Matsui, Kazunori [Department of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, College of Engineering, Kanto Gakuin University, 1-50-1 Mutsuurahigashi, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-8501 (Japan); Department of Material and Life Science, College of Engineering, Kanto Gakuin University, 1-50-1 Mutsuurahigashi, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-8501 (Japan)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

387

Restructuring the Uranium Mining Industry in Romania: Actual Situation and Prospects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uranium prospecting in Romania has started some 50 years ago, when a bilateral agreement between Romania and the former Soviet Union had been concluded and a joint Romanian-Soviet enterprise was created. The production started in 1952 by the opening of some deposits from western Transylvania (Bihor and Ciudanovita). From 1962 the production has continued only with Romanian participation on the ore deposit Avram Iancu and from 1985 on the deposits from Eastern Carpathians (Crucea and Botusana). Starting with 1978 the extracted ores have been completely processed in the Uranium Ore Processing Plant from Feldioara, Brasov. Complying with the initial stipulations of the Nuclear National Program launched at the beginning of the 1980's, the construction of a nuclear power station in Cernavoda has started in Romania, using natural uranium and heavy water (CANDU type), having five units of 650 MW installed capacity. After 1989 this initial Nuclear National Program was revised and the construction of the first unit (number 1) was finalized and put in operation in 1996. In 2001 the works at the unit number 2 were resumed, having the year 2005 as the scheduled activating date. The future of the other 3 units, being in different construction phases, hasn't been clearly decided. Taking into consideration the exhaustion degree of some ore deposits and from the prospect of exploiting other ore deposits, the uranium industry will be subject of an ample restructuring process. This process includes workings of modernization of the mines in operation and of the processing plant, increasing the profitableness, lowering of the production costs by closing out and ecological rehabilitation of some areas affected by mining works and even new openings of some uraniferous exploitations. This paper presents the actual situation and the prospects of uranium mining industry on the base of some new technical and economical strategic concepts in accordance with the actual Romanian Program for Nuclear Energetics. (authors)

Georgescu, P.D.; Petrescu, S.T. [Institute for Rare and Radioactive Metals, 68 Dionisie Lupu St., Sector 1, Bucharest (Romania); Iuhas, T.F. [Uranium National Company, 78 Carol I Blvd, RO-70132 Bucharest (Romania)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

The prospect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Gateway Arch in St. Louis was meant to commemorate the "opening" of the west and the possibilities of the frontier. Instead, the Arch marks its closure. Sited on the west bank of the Mississippi River, this conspicuous ...

Lettow, Ash James

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Prospective Users  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest RegionatSearch Welcome to theNews &UserPrivacyGasProgramsSynchrotronHome

390

Improved Efficiency of Miscible CO(2) Floods and Enhanced Prospects for CO(2) Flooding Heterogeneous Reservoirs.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall goal of this project was to improve the efficiency of miscible C0{sub 2} floods and enhance the prospects for flooding heterogeneous reservoirs. This objective was accomplished through experimental and modeling research in three task areas: (1) foams for selective mobility control in heterogeneous reservoirs,( 2) reduction of the amount of C0{sub 2} required in C0{sub 2} floods, and (3) low IFT processe and the possibility of C0{sub 2} flooding in fractured reservoirs. This report provides results from the three-year project for each of the three task areas.

Grigg, R.B.; Schechter, D.S.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Proceedings of the workshop on prospects for research with radioactive beams from heavy ion accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SuperHILAC Users Executive Committee organized a workshop on Prospects for Research with Radioactive Beams from Heavy Ion Accelerators. The main purpose of the workshop was to bring together a diverse group of scientists who had already done experients with radioactive beams or were interested in their use in the future. The topics of the talks ranged from general nuclear physics, astrophysics, production of radioactive beams and high energy projectile fragmentation to biomedical applications. This publication contains the abstracts of the talks given at the workshop and copies of the viewgraphs as they were supplied to the editor.

Nitschke, J.M. (ed.)

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

A Computational Model Incorporating Neural Stem Cell Dynamics Reproduces Glioma Incidence across the Lifespan in the Human Population  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Glioma is the most common form of primary brain tumor. Demographically, the risk of occurrence increases until old age. Here we present a novel computational model to reproduce the probability of glioma incidence across the lifespan. Previous mathematical models explaining glioma incidence are framed in a rather abstract way, and do not directly relate to empirical findings. To decrease this gap between theory and experimental observations, we incorporate recent data on cellular and molecular factors underlying gliomagenesis. Since evidence implicates the adult neural stem cell as the likely cell-of-origin of glioma, we have incorporated empirically-determined estimates of neural stem cell number, cell division rate, mutation rate and oncogenic potential into our model. We demonstrate that our model yields results which match actual demographic data in the human population. In particular, this model accounts for the observed peak incidence of glioma at approximately 80 years of age, without the need to assert...

Bauer, Roman; Stoll, Elizabeth

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

On the incorporation of cubic and hexagonal interfacial energy anisotropy in phase field models using higher order tensor terms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we show how to incorporate cubic and hexagonal anisotropies in interfacial energies in phase field models; this incorporation is achieved by including upto sixth rank tensor terms in the free energy expansion, assuming that the free energy is only a function of coarse grained composition, its gradient, curvature and aberration. We derive the number of non-zero and independent components of these tensors. Further, by demanding that the resultant interfacial energy is positive definite for inclusion of each of the tensor terms individually, we identify the constraints imposed on the independent components of these tensors. The existing results in the invariant group theory literature can be used to simplify the process of construction of some (but not all) of the higher order tensors. Finally, we derive the relevant phase field evolution equations.

E. S. Nani; M. P. Gururajan

2014-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

394

X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of the local structure of heavy metal ions incorporated into electrodeposited nickel oxide films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The incorporation of heavy metal ions into simulated corrosion films has been investigated using spectroscopic and electrochemical techniques. The films were formed by electrodeposition of the appropriate oxide (hydroxide) onto a graphite substrate. Synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) was used to determine the structure and composition of the host oxide film, as well as the local structure of the impurity ion. Results on the incorporation of Ce and Sr into surface films of Ni(OH){sub 2} and NiOOH are reported. Cathodically deposited Ni(OH){sub 2} was found to be mainly in the alpha form while anodically prepared NiOOH showed the presence of Ni{sup +2} and Ni{sup +4}. Cerium incorporated into Ni(OH){sub 2} exists as mixed Ce{sup +3} and Ce{sup +4} phases; a Ce{sup +4} species was found when Ce was codeposited with NiOOH. The structure of the Ce{sup +4} phase in anodic films appears similar to a Ce(OH){sub 4} standard. However, XAS, X-ray diffraction, and laser Raman measurements indicate that the latter chemical formulation is probably incorrect and that the material is really a disordered form of hydrous cerium oxide. The local structure of this material is similar to CeO{sub 2} but has much higher structural disorder. The significance of this finding on the question of the structure of Ce-based corrosion inhibitors in aluminum oxide films is pointed out. Moreover, the authors found it possible to form pure Ce oxide (hydroxide) films on graphite by both cathodic and anodic electrodeposition; their structures have also been elucidated. Strontium incorporated into nickel oxide films consists of Sr{sup +2} which is coordinated to oxygen atoms and is likely to exist as small domains of coprecipitated material.

Balasubramanian, M.; Melendres, C.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemical Technology Div.] [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemical Technology Div.; Mansour, A.N. [Naval Surface Warfare Center, Bethesda, MD (United States). Carderock Div.] [Naval Surface Warfare Center, Bethesda, MD (United States). Carderock Div.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Expanded Prussian Blue Analogues Incorporating [Re6Se8(CN)6]3-/4-Clusters: Adjusting Porosity via Charge Balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Expanded Prussian Blue Analogues Incorporating [Re6Se8(CN)6]3-/4- Clusters: Adjusting Porosity via of octahedral [M(CN)6]3-/4- complexes for the synthesis of microporous Prussian blue type solids with adjustable to be a direct expansion of Prussian blue (Fe4[Fe(CN)6]3,14H2O), with [Re6Se8(CN)6]4- clusters connected through

Shores, Matthew P.

396

Iodine-129 and Iodine-127 speciation in groundwater at the Hanford Site, U.S.: iodate incorporation into calcite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hanford Site, the most contaminated nuclear site in the United States, has large radioactive waste plumes containing high 129I levels. The geochemical transport and fate of radioiodine depends largely on its chemical speciation that is greatly affected by environmental factors. This study reports, for the first time, the speciation of stable and radioactive iodine in the groundwater from the Hanford Site. Iodate was the dominant species and accounts for up to 84%, followed by organo-iodine and minimal levels of iodide. The relatively high pH and oxidizing environment may have prevented iodate reduction. Our results identified that calcite precipitation caused by degassing of CO2 during deep groundwater sampling incorporated between 7 to 40% of dissolved iodine (including 127I and 129I) that was originally in the groundwater, transforming dissolved to particulate iodate during sampling. In order to understand the mechanisms underlying iodine incorporation by calcite, laboratory experiments were carried out to replicate this iodine sequestering processes. Two methods were utilized in this study, 1) addition of sodium carbonate; 2) addition of calcium chloride followed by sodium carbonate where the pH was well controlled at ~8.2, which is close to the average pH of Hanford Site groundwater. It was demonstrated that iodate was the main species incorporated into calcite and this incorporation process could be impeded by elevated pH and decreasing ionic strength in groundwater. This study provides critical information for predicting the long-term fate and transport of 129I at the Hanford Site and reveals a potential means for improved remediation strategies of 129I.

Zhang, Saijin [Texas A and M Univ. at Galveston, TX (United States). Dept. of Marine Science; Xu, Chen [Texas A and M Univ. at Galveston, TX (United States). Dept. of Marine Science; Creeley, Danielle [Texas A and M Univ. at Galveston, TX (United States). Dept. of Marine Science; Ho, Yi-Fang [Texas A and M Univ. at Galveston, TX (United States). Dept. of Marine Science; Li, Hsiu-Ping [Texas A and M Univ. at Galveston, TX (United States). Dept. of Marine Science; Grandbois, Russell [Texas A and M Univ. at Galveston, TX (United States). Dept. of Marine Science; Schwehr, Kathy [Texas A and M Univ. at Galveston, TX (United States). Dept. of Marine Science; Kaplan, Daniel I. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC (United States); Yeager, Chris [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Wellman, Dawn M. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Santschi, Peter H. [Texas A and M Univ. at Galveston, TX (United States). Dept. of Marine Science

2013-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

397

PROSPECT - A Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment at Short Baselines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current models of antineutrino production in nuclear reactors predict detection rates and spectra at odds with the existing body of direct reactor antineutrino measurements. High-resolution antineutrino detectors operated close to compact research reactor cores can produce new precision measurements useful in testing explanations for these observed discrepancies involving underlying nuclear or new physics. Absolute measurement of the 235U-produced antineutrino spectrum can provide additional constraints for evaluating the accuracy of current and future reactor models, while relative measurements of spectral distortion between differing baselines can be used to search for oscillations arising from the existence of eV-scale sterile neutrinos. Such a measurement can be performed in the United States at several highly-enriched uranium fueled research reactors using near-surface segmented liquid scintillator detectors. We describe here the conceptual design and physics potential of the PROSPECT experiment, a U.S.-based, multi-phase experiment with reactor-detector baselines of 7-20 meters capable of addressing these and other physics and detector development goals. Current R&D status and future plans for PROSPECT detector deployment and data-taking at the High Flux Isotope Reactor at Oak Ridge National Laboratory will be discussed.

J. Ashenfelter; A. B. Balantekin; H. R. Band; G. Barclay; C. Bass; N. S. Bowden; C. D. Bryan; J. J. Cherwinka; R. Chu; T. Classen; D. Davee; D. Dean; G. Deichert; M. Diwan; M. J. Dolinski; J. Dolph; D. A. Dwyer; Y. Efremenko; S. Fan; A. Galindo-Uribarri; K. Gilje; A. Glenn; M. Green; K. Han; S. Hans; K. M. Heeger; B. Heffron; L. Hu; P. Huber; D. E. Jaffe; Y. Kamyshkov; S. Kettell; C. Lane; T. J. Langford; B. R. Littlejohn; D. Martinez; R. D. McKeown; M. P. Mendenhall; S. Morrell; P. Mueller; H. P. Mumm; J. Napolitano; J. S. Nico; D. Norcini; D. Pushin; X. Qian; E. Romero; R. Rosero; B. S. Seilhan; R. Sharma; P. T. Surukuchi; S. J. Thompson; R. L. Varner; B. Viren; W. Wang; B. White; C. White; J. Wilhelmi; C. Williams; R. E. Williams; T. Wise; H. Yao; M. Yeh; N. Zaitseva; C. Zhang; X. Zhang

2015-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

398

Discovery Prospects for NMSSM Higgs Bosons at the High-Energy Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the discovery prospects for NMSSM Higgs bosons during the 13~TeV run of the LHC. While one of the neutral Higgs bosons is demanded to have a mass around 125~GeV and Standard Model (SM)-like properties, there can be substantially lighter, nearby or heavier Higgs bosons, that have not been excluded yet by LEP, Tevatron or the 8~TeV run of the LHC. The challenge consists in discovering the whole NMSSM Higgs mass spectrum. We present the rates for production and subsequent decay of the neutral NMSSM Higgs bosons in the most promising final states and discuss their possible discovery. The prospects for pinning down the Higgs sector of the Natural NMSSM will be analysed taking into account alternative search channels. We give a series of benchmark scenarios compatible with the experimental constraints, that feature Higgs-to-Higgs decays and entail (exotic) signatures with multi-fermion and/or multi-photon final states. These decay chains furthermore give access to the trilinear Higgs self-couplings. We briefly discuss the possibility of exploiting coupling sum rules in case not all the NMSSM Higgs bosons are discovered.

S. F. King; M. Muhlleitner; R. Nevzorov; K. Walz

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

399

Applied Composite Materials, 2005. 12(3-4): p. 247-261 247 Enhancement of Energy Absorption in Syntactic Foams by Nanoclay Incorporation for Sandwich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

70803 ABSTRACT Syntactic foams are closed pore foams fabricated by the mechanical mixing of hollow glass in Syntactic Foams by Nanoclay Incorporation for Sandwich Core Applications Nikhil Gupta1 and Rahul Maharsia2 foams due to the incorporation of nano-sized clay (nanoclay) particles. A surface modified clay, Nanomer

Gupta, Nikhil

400

Legislating for smoke-free workplaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

free workplaces page 18 Montenegro (2000), Slovakia (1993),1988), Serbia and Montenegro (2000), Slovakia (1993),1999), Serbia and Montenegro (2000), Slovakia (1993),

World Health Organization

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Legislative examination of the new perspectives program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

'We need a fundamental reform in managing all of the resources associated with the lands of the National Forest system ... The days have ended when the forest may be viewed as timber. The soil and the water, the grasses and the shrubs, the fish and the wildlife, and the beauty that is the forest must become integral parts of the resource manager's thinking and action' (Humphrey in Greiman 1990). This call for change and plea for policy revision within the U.S. Forest Service could easily describe the difficulty facing the agency in the 1990s. Ironically, it is a passage taken from Senator Hubert Humphrey's initial speech to Congress in l976 as he introduced the National Forest Management Act. The problem today is a familiar one for the Forest Service-- public discontent with land management policies. In an attempt to confront public dissatisfaction, the Forest Service has devised a program called New Perspectives.

Smith, L.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Legislating for smoke-free workplaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ETS at work Finland as a case study38in Finland ..38 7.2. Exposure693/1976). Helsinki, Government of Finland, 1976 (http://

World Health Organization

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Reflections on "Redistricting and Legislative Partisanship"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2001 redistricting, and the 2005-06 Assembly, after it. Thebusiness regulation issues in 2005-06 closely resembles thea solid partisan bloc by 2005-06. However, if one looks at

McGhee, Eric

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Legislating for smoke-free workplaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1991), Ireland (1995), Kazakhstan (1996), Latvia (1994),1994), Italy (1985), Kazakhstan (1996), Kyrgyzstan (1992),applicable X C139 C148 Kazakhstan Not applicable C148 C155

World Health Organization

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

2011 Legislative Session General Appropriations Act  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Education PLA - Present Law Adjustments OBPP Publish Timetable for 2015 Biennium EPP 10-Jan Conclusion FY12-13 Biennial Budget Process Beginning FY14-15 Biennial Budget Process #12;OCHE Biennial Budget Build line-itemed or as requests are approved UMM CVP Committee Approves Implementation of initial FY12

Vonessen, Nikolaus

406

LIVESTOCK WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND LEGISLATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pollution 5 2.1. 3 Air Pollution 5 2.1. 4 Soil Pollution 6 2.1. 5 Habitat Impact 6 2.2 MANAGEMENT management and its pollution and potential pollution risks associated with air, water, habitat and soil Kleeck Ron Bertrand Ministry of Health Bill Koberstein , Environment Canada George Derksen Wayne Belzer

407

An Investigation of Unintended Consequences of Legislation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Texas is experiencing dramatic population growth with an expected doubling by 2050. This growth suggests a substantial increase in the demand for potable water when the state already faces serious water issues. Such dynamics raise concerns...

Yow, Shauna R.

2011-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

408

The English System of Restrictive Commercial Legislation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The American Colonies i n the I7th Century, 2 v o l s . *Tew York, 1904. 33. P a l f r e y , .r.Gorham. H i s t o r y of New England during the Stu a r t Dynasty. 5 v o l s . Boaton, 1076-90. 34. Rapin, /7?s~t 4> 35. RoscheB5. Roaches. 36. Ranke, Leopold..., 1907. General Reading References and H i s t o r i e s . 1. Adolphus, John. The H i s t o r y of Ehgland from the Accession to the Decease of King George XII. 7 v o l s . London 1845. 2. Ashley, W.J. An I n t r o d u c t i o n to E n g l i s h...

Zook, George Frederick

1907-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Enabling Legislation: Third-Party Ownership Resources  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

States can allow third-party ownership of renewable assets, which expands the type of financing available to the residential sector and encourages expansion of residential sector deployment. Third...

410

Legislating for smoke-free workplaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Herzegovina (1993), Croatia (1991), Cyprus (1989), theand Herzegovina (1993), Croatia (1991), the Czech Republic (and Herzegovina (1993), Croatia (1991), the Czech Republic (

World Health Organization

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

California Federal and Open Meeting Legislation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

23; SUSSKIND, MCKEARNAN & THOMAS-LAMAR supra note 25; FOX &23; SUSSKIND, MCKEARNAN & THOMAS-LAMAR supra note 25; FOX &

Macomber, Debbie Box

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Presentation to the Legislative Finance Committee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy conservation initiative ­ began 10 years ago 4 Source: LFC Higher Education Performance Audit Page for attending NMSU and UNM has increased almost 100% between FY01-FY11" · LFC Higher Education Performance Audit visits ­ School of Engineering ­ Anderson Schools of Management 7 #12;Tuition Credit Impact · Tax

New Mexico, University of

413

Legislative Developments in Solar Energy during 1980  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In particular, the Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Bankthermal sytems is the Solar Energy and En- ergy ConservationREP. (CCH) 531. 26. Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Act

Krueger, Robert B.; Hoffman, Peter C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Legislation: H.B. 5524 (Michigan)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This bill was part of a package of energy bills that enacted regulatory reform, a renewable portfolio standard, renewable tax credits and an energy optimization program. Regulatory reform is...

415

Idaho Legislative Interim Committee, Energy, Environment, and...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Studies: a critical early step in establishing an effective partnership with Idaho universities * Reinvigorating federal support for nuclear science and engineering...

416

Three Negro legislators--signs of progress  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of three iVregroes-- Representat:ive Joseph Lockridge ot Dallas, Senator Barbara Jordan of Houston anti Representative Curtis Graves of Plouston--the first members of their race to have been lected to ' he exes r egi slature this -en. tury. First... of the total Negro population in Texas is concentrated in eight urban counties (Harris, Dallas, Tarrant, Bexar, Travis, Galveston, McLennan, and Jefferson); with Harris and Dallas Counties alone having more than one-third of all the 32 iiegroes in Texas. 3...

Daniel, Edward Oda

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

417

Legislative Developments in Solar Energy during 1980  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

law the Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Act of 1980124 (OTECof the century. ' 0 6 VI. OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSIONOcean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) systems tap the so-

Krueger, Robert B.; Hoffman, Peter C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Legislative Developments in Solar Energy during 1980  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is apparent that many solar and energy conservation programsL. REP. 267 (1979). SOLAR ENERGY DEVELOPMENTS kilowattsto -103 (Supp. 1979). SOLAR ENERGY DEVELOPMENTS vegetation

Krueger, Robert B.; Hoffman, Peter C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

The Texas Legislative Process: An agricultural perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Agriculture and Livestock, it was established that many Texas Senators and Representatives are grassroots agriculturalists who require and deserve the input of Texas' agriculture producers in order to create beneficial agricultural policy. 111 THE TEXAS... or creation of new law. Bills which do not contain statewide implications are either Local or Consent. A Local bill is defined as one which creates or affects a water district, hospital district, or road utility district; relates to hunting, fishing...

Green, Todd E.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

420

Legislative Affairs Team | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen OwnedofDepartment ofJared Temanson -of Energy 1 ofDavid

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Instream Flow Legislation Sandra B. Zellmer,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

flows are protected. Examples include ecotourism on the central Platte for birdwatching; ecotourism on the Niobrara for canoeing and tubing; and ecotourism on the Missouri from boating and other recreational uses.7

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

422

Reform in Kansas Domestic Violence Legislation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HeinOnline -- 31 U. Kan. L. Rev. 527 1982-1983 HeinOnline -- 31 U. Kan. L. Rev. 528 1982-1983 HeinOnline -- 31 U. Kan. L. Rev. 529 1982-1983 HeinOnline -- 31 U. Kan. L. Rev. 530 1982-1983 HeinOnline -- 31 U. Kan. L. Rev. 531 1982-1983 Hein...Online -- 31 U. Kan. L. Rev. 532 1982-1983 HeinOnline -- 31 U. Kan. L. Rev. 533 1982-1983 HeinOnline -- 31 U. Kan. L. Rev. 534 1982-1983 HeinOnline -- 31 U. Kan. L. Rev. 535 1982-1983 HeinOnline -- 31 U. Kan. L. Rev. 536 1982-1983 HeinOnline -- 31 U. Kan. L...

Gottlieb, David J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Statutory and Legislative Requirements | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomenthe House Committee on Energy andDepartmentDepartment of

424

NACo Legislative Conference | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergy HealthCommentsAugust 2012 MonthlyYear Schedule Multi-YearServicesNACo

425

Lung cancers attributable to environmental tobacco smoke and air pollution in non-smokers in different European countries: a prospective study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and traffic-related air pollution in a large prospective study in Europe. Information bias can be ruled out due to the prospective design, and we have thoroughly controlled for potential confounders, including restriction to never smokers and long-term ex...

Vineis, Paolo; Hoek, Gerard; Krzyzanowski, Michal; Vigna-Taglianti, Federica; Veglia, Fabrizio; Airoldi, Luisa; Overvad, Kim; Raaschou-Nielsen, Ole; Clavel-Chapelon, Francoise; Linseisen, Jakob; Boeing, Heiner; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Palli, Domenico; Krogh, Vittorio; Tumino, Rosario; Panico, Salvatore; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H Bas; Peeters, Petra H M; Lund, Eiliv; Agudo, Antonio; Martinez, Carmen; Dorronsoro, Miren; Barricarte, Aurelio; Cirera, Lluis; Quiros, Jose R; Berglund, Goran; Manjer, Jonas; Forsberg, Bertil; Day, Nicholas E; Key, Timothy J; Kaaks, Rudolf; Saracci, Rodolfo; Riboli, Elio

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

426

A recommended safety program for the Mabry Foundry and Machine Company and Iron Castings Incorporated of Beaumont, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kunse, Safety Ehglneer s p Texas Empl oyer ~ s Insurance Ass ociat ion, Beaumont Division, Beaumont, Texas made it possible fox' the authox' to ' secure descriptions of patt accidents occurring at the planta concerned in thea prob1em TABLR... ACCIDE5fTS Fsis and conclusions dram froa accidents involving Rahu Foundry and Raehine Coapany froa August 1, 19/6 'so Jul+ 31 y 1953 a o e o e o e o o o e e 26 Conalns iona dram froa accidents involving Xren Castings, Incorporated fron Rarch 1...

Begnaud, Edward Marshall

1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

The $D^0\\bar{D}^0$ Mixing Search --- Current Status and Future Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The search for $D^0\\bar{D}^0$ mixing carries a large discovery potential for new physics since the $D^0\\bar{D}^0$ mixing rate is expected to be very small in the Standard Model. The past decade has seen significant experimental progress in sensitivity, from 20\\% down to 0.37\\%. This paper discusses the techniques, current experimental status, and future prospects for the mixing search. Some new ideas, applicable to future mixing searches, are introduced. One of the new ideas is to use Singly Cabibbo Suppressed Decays (SCSD), such as $D^0 \\to K+K-, \\pi^+\\pi^-$, to study mixing. A postscript version will be available through World-Wide-Web in http://w4.lns.cornell.edu/public/TALK/1994 soon.

Tiehui; Liu

1994-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

428

The prospects for extended phase space approach to quantization of gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A brief review of main features of the new approach named ``quantum geometrodynamics in extended phase space'' is given and its possible prospects are discussed. Gauge degrees of freedom are treated as a subsystem of the Universe which affects the evolution of the physical subsystem. Three points can be singled out when the gauge subsystem shows itself as a real constituent of the Universe: a chosen gauge condition determines the form of equation for the physical part of wave function, the form of density matrix and the measure in physical subspace. An example is considered when a physically relevant choice of gauge condition leads to almost diagonal density matrix. The analogy between a transition to another reference frame (another basis in physical subspace) and a transition to accelerating reference frame in Rindler space is suggested.

T. P. Shestakova

2004-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

429

Prospects for titanium alloy comparison control by electron beam scan frequency manipulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using mathematical modelling, the authors evaluate the prospects for using beam spot size and scan frequency to control titanium-aluminum alloy composition in electron beam melting and refining. Composition control is evaluated in terms of attainable steady-state extremes of composition, and the time scales required to change hearth and mold composition between those extremes. Mathematical models predict spot size-evaporation and frequency-evaporation relationships by simulating heat transfer in the surface of the melt, and predict overall composition change using simplifying assumptions about the fluid flow field in a melting hearth. Corroborating experiments were run on the electron beam furnace at Sandia National Laboratories in order to verify predicted relationships between frequency and evaporation and to calculate activity coefficients of aluminum and vanadium in titanium.

Powell, A.; Pal, U. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Avyle, J.V.D.; Damkroger, B. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

430

Prospects for observing charginos and neutralinos at a 100 TeV proton-proton collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the prospects for discovering charginos and neutralinos at a future $pp$ collider with $\\sqrt{s} = 100$ TeV. We focus on models where squarks and sleptons are decoupled -- as motivated by the LHC data. Our initial study is based on models where Higgsinos form the main component of the LSP and $W$-inos compose the heavier chargino states ($M_2 > \\mu$), though it is straightforward to consider the reverse situation also. We show that in such scenarios $W$-inos decay into $W^\\pm$, $Z$ and $h$ plus neutralinos almost universally. In the $W Z$ channel we compare signal and background in various kinematical distributions. We design simple but effective signal regions for the trilepton channel and evaluate discovery reach and exclusion limits. Assuming 3000 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity, $W$-inos could be discovered (excluded) up to 1.1 (1.8) TeV if the spectrum is not compressed.

Bobby S. Acharya; Krzysztof Bozek; Chakrit Pongkitivanichkul; Kazuki Sakurai

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

431

Prospects for detecting Dark Matter with neutrino telescopes in Intermediate Mass Black Holes scenarios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current strategies of indirect Dark Matter detection with neutrino telescopes are based on the search for high-energy neutrinos from the Solar core or from the center of the Earth. Here, we propose a new strategy based on the detection of neutrinos from Dark Matter annihilations in 'mini-spikes' around Intermediate Mass Black Holes. Neutrino fluxes, in this case, depend on the annihilation cross-section of Dark Matter particles, whereas solar and terrestrial fluxes are sensitive to the scattering cross-section off nucleons, a circumstance that makes the proposed search complementary to the existing ones. We discuss the prospects for detection with upcoming under-water and under-ice experiments such as ANTARES and IceCube, and show that several, up to many, sources could be detected with both experiments. A kilometer scale telescope in the Mediterranean appears to be ideally suited for the proposed search.

Bertone, Gianfranco

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Prospects for detecting Dark Matter with neutrino telescopes in Intermediate Mass Black Holes scenarios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current strategies of indirect Dark Matter detection with neutrino telescopes are based on the search for high-energy neutrinos from the Solar core or from the center of the Earth. Here, we propose a new strategy based on the detection of neutrinos from Dark Matter annihilations in 'mini-spikes' around Intermediate Mass Black Holes. Neutrino fluxes, in this case, depend on the annihilation cross-section of Dark Matter particles, whereas solar and terrestrial fluxes are sensitive to the scattering cross-section off nucleons, a circumstance that makes the proposed search complementary to the existing ones. We discuss the prospects for detection with upcoming under-water and under-ice experiments such as ANTARES and IceCube, and show that several, up to many, sources could be detected with both experiments. A kilometer scale telescope in the Mediterranean appears to be ideally suited for the proposed search.

Gianfranco Bertone

2006-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

433

The RICH detector of the AMS-02 experiment: status and physics prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS), whose final version AMS-02 is to be installed on the International Space Station (ISS) for at least 3 years, is a detector designed to measure charged cosmic ray spectra with energies up to the TeV region and with high energy photon detection capability up to a few hundred GeV. It is equipped with several subsystems, one of which is a proximity focusing RICH detector with a dual radiator (aerogel+NaF) that provides reliable measurements for particle velocity and charge. The assembly and testing of the AMS RICH is currently being finished and the full AMS detector is expected to be ready by the end of 2008. The RICH detector of AMS-02 is presented. Physics prospects are briefly discussed.

Pereira, Rui; Arruda, L; Baro, F; Baret, B; Barrau, A; Barreira, G; Belmont, E; Berdugo, J; Borges, J; Bunerd, M; Casadei, D; Casaus, J; Cortina, E; Costado, M; Crespo, D; Delgado, C; Daz, C; Derome, L; Gonalves, P; Garcia-Lopez, R; de la Guia, C; Herrero, A; Lanciotti, E; Laurenti, G; Malinin, A; Maa, C; Marin, J; Mangin-Brinet, M; Martnez, G; Menchaca-Rocha, A; Palomares, C; Pimenta, M; Putze, A; Sallaz-Damaz, Y; Seo, E S; Sevilla, I; Torrento, A; Vargas-Trevino, M; Veziant, O

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Afro-Caribbean pemphigus : epidemiological data from a 5-year prospective study on the island of Guadeloupe (French West Indies)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Afro-Caribbean pemphigus : epidemiological data from a 5-year prospective study on the island pemphigus in the Afro- Caribbean population. Objectives: To describe the epidemiology of autoimmune pemphigus on the island of Guadeloupe (French West Indies, 400736 inhabitants, mostly black Caribbean

Boyer, Edmond

435

Prospects for Reduced Impact Logging in Central African logging concessions Driss Ezzine de Blas *, Manuel Ruiz Perez 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prices and increasing demand (Karsenty, 2006a). As a fresh wave of logging companies have resumedProspects for Reduced Impact Logging in Central African logging concessions Driss Ezzine de Blas potential, future expansion and industrialisation of the Central African logging sector: ``Dans un avenir

436

AGRICULTURE SCHOOL ENROLLMENT GROWS ACROSS THE U.S. Job prospects attract students to major in agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AGRICULTURE SCHOOL ENROLLMENT GROWS ACROSS THE U.S. Job prospects attract students to major in agriculture By Sarah Hansel, Staff Writer Published November 23, 2009 in The California Aggie Some people may poke fun at UC Davis for being an agriculture school, but studies show that more and more students

Ferrara, Katherine W.

437

Prospects for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles in the United States and Japan: A general equilibrium analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prospects for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles in the United States and Japan: A general-in hybrid electric vehicles Environmental policy Emissions a b s t r a c t The plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) may offer a potential near term, low-carbon alternative to today's gasoline- and diesel-powered

438

Prospects for Combining Energy and Environmental Objectives in Hydropower Optimization Brennan T. Smith and Henriette I. Jager  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Prospects for Combining Energy and Environmental Objectives in Hydropower Optimization Brennan T, we review studies that derived rules for hydropower operation by solving optimization problems driven be compatible with hydropower optimization. Given the increasing value placed on the ecological sustainability

Jager, Henriette I.

439

New Detector Technologies for the LHC Experiments: Prospects, Strategies and Technologies for the HL-LHC Upgrades  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We review the prospects, strategies and technologies for the High Luminosity (HL-LHC) upgrades of the ATLAS and CMS detectors, in the light of a very successful two year-long first physics run, and the discovery of a new 126 GeV boson with properties consistent with those of the Standard Model Higgs boson.

Mannelli, Marcello [CERN

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

440

Evidence for Higgs boson decays to tau leptons with the ATLAS detector and prospects for future measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent results on the search for Higgs boson decays to tau leptons with the ATLAS detector are presented based on approximately 25 $\\text{fb}^{-1}$ of proton-proton collision data collected at $\\sqrt{s}=$ 7 and 8 TeV. Prospects of future measurements with proposed ATLAS upgrades at the High Luminosity LHC are also presented.

Tuna, Alexander Naip; The ATLAS collaboration

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Hydro-economic models: Concepts, design, applications, and future prospects Julien J. Harou a,*, Manuel Pulido-Velazquez b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review Hydro-economic models: Concepts, design, applications, and future prospects Julien J. Harou Engineering, University College London, Pearson Building, Gouwer Street, London, UK b Departamento de of Frank Ward, Associate Editor Keywords: Hydro-economic models Integrated water resource management (IWRM

Pasternack, Gregory B.

442

Adaptive Radiotherapy for Head-and-Neck Cancer: Initial Clinical Outcomes From a Prospective Trial  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To present pilot toxicity and survival outcomes for a prospective trial investigating adaptive radiotherapy (ART) for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Methods and Materials: A total of 24 patients were enrolled in an institutional review board-approved clinical trial; data for 22 of these patients were analyzed. Daily CT-guided setup and deformable image registration permitted serial mapping of clinical target volumes and avoidance structures for ART planning. Primary site was base of tongue in 15 patients, tonsil in 6 patient, and glossopharyngeal sulcus in 1 patient. Twenty patients (91%) had American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Stage IV disease. T stage distribution was 2 T1, 12 T2, 3 T3, 5 T4. N stage distribution was 1 N0, 2 N1, 5 N2a, 12 N2b, and 2 N2c. Of the patients, 21 (95%) received systemic therapy. Results: With a 31-month median follow-up (range, 13-45 months), there has been no primary site failure and 1 nodal relapse, yielding 100% local and 95% regional disease control at 2 years. Baseline tumor size correlated with absolute volumetric treatment response (p = 0.018). Parotid volumetric change correlated with duration of feeding tube placement (p = 0.025). Acute toxicity was comparable to that observed with conventional intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Chronic toxicity and functional outcomes beyond 1 year were tabulated. Conclusion: This is the first prospective evaluation of morbidity and survival outcomes in patients with locally advanced head-and-neck cancer treated with automated adaptive replanning. ART can provide dosimetric benefit with only one or two mid-treatment replanning events. Our preliminary clinical outcomes document functional recovery and preservation of disease control at 1-year follow-up and beyond.

Schwartz, David L., E-mail: dschwartz3@nshs.edu [Department of Radiation Medicine, Hofstra North Shore-Long Island Jewish School of Medicine, New Hyde Park, NY (United States); Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, Manhasset, NY (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Garden, Adam S.; Thomas, Jimmy [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Chen Yipei; Zhang Yongbin [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Lewin, Jan; Chambers, Mark S. [Department of Head and Neck Surgery, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Dong, Lei [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Soil Iodine Determination in Deccan Syneclise, India: Implications for Near Surface Geochemical Hydrocarbon Prospecting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The association of iodine with organic matter in sedimentary basins is well documented. High iodine concentration in soils overlying oil and gas fields and areas with hydrocarbon microseepage has been observed and used as a geochemical exploratory tool for hydrocarbons in a few studies. In this study, we measure iodine concentration in soil samples collected from parts of Deccan Syneclise in the west central India to investigate its potential application as a geochemical indicator for hydrocarbons. The Deccan Syneclise consists of rifted depositional sites with Gondwana-Mesozoic sediments up to 3.5 km concealed under the Deccan Traps and is considered prospective for hydrocarbons. The concentration of iodine in soil samples is determined using ICP-MS and the values range between 1.1 and 19.3 ppm. High iodine values are characteristic of the northern part of the sampled region. The total organic carbon (TOC) content of the soil samples range between 0.1 and 1.3%. The TOC correlates poorly with the soil iodine (r{sup 2} < 1), indicating a lack of association of iodine with the surficial organic matter and the possibility of interaction between the seeping hydrocarbons and soil iodine. Further, the distribution pattern of iodine compares well with two surface geochemical indicators: the adsorbed light gaseous hydrocarbons (methane through butane) and the propane-oxidizing bacterial populations in the soil. The integration of geochemical observations show the occurrence of elevated values in the northern part of the study area, which is also coincident with the presence of exposed dyke swarms that probably serve as conduits for hydrocarbon microseepage. The corroboration of iodine with existing geological, geophysical, and geochemical data suggests its efficacy as one of the potential tool in surface geochemical exploration of hydrocarbons. Our study supports Deccan Syneclise to be promising in terms of its hydrocarbon prospects.

Mani, Devleena, E-mail: devleenatiwari@ngri.res.in [National Geophysical Research Institute (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) (India); Kumar, T. Satish [Oil India Limited (India); Rasheed, M. A.; Patil, D. J.; Dayal, A. M.; Rao, T. Gnaneshwar; Balaram, V. [National Geophysical Research Institute (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) (India)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

Evaluation of sintering effects on SiC incorporated UO2 kernels under Ar and Ar-4%H2 environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Silicon carbide (SiC) is suggested as an oxygen getter in UO2 kernels used for TRISO particle fuels to lower oxygen potential and prevent kernel migration during irradiation. Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffractometry analyses performed on sintered kernels verified that internal gelation process can be used to incorporate SiC in urania fuel kernels. Sintering in either Ar or Ar-4%H2 at 1500 C lowered the SiC content in the UO2 kernels to some extent. Formation of UC was observed as the major chemical phase in the process, while other minor phases such as U3Si2C2, USi2, U3Si2, and UC2 were also identified. UC formation was presumed to be occurred by two reactions. The first was the SiC reaction with its protective SiO2 oxide layer on SiC grains to produce volatile SiO and free carbon that subsequently reacted with UO2 to form UC. The second process was direct UO2 reaction with SiC grains to form SiO, CO, and UC, especially in Ar-4%H2. A slightly higher density and UC content was observed in the sample sintered in Ar-4%H2, but the use of both atmospheres produced kernels with ~95% of theoretical density. It is suggested that incorporating CO in the sintering gas would prevent UC formation and preserve the initial SiC content.

Silva, Chinthaka M [ORNL] [ORNL; Lindemer, Terrence [Harbach Engineering and Solutions] [Harbach Engineering and Solutions; Hunt, Rodney Dale [ORNL] [ORNL; Collins, Jack Lee [ORNL] [ORNL; Terrani, Kurt A [ORNL] [ORNL; Snead, Lance Lewis [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Structural Basis for Proficient Incorporation of dTTP Opposite O[superscript 6]-Methylguanine by Human DNA Polymerase [iota  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

O{sup 6}-Methylguanine (O{sup 6}-methylG) is highly mutagenic and is commonly found in DNA exposed to methylating agents, even physiological ones (e.g. S-adenosylmethionine). The efficiency of a truncated, catalytic DNA polymerase L core enzyme was determined for nucleoside triphosphate incorporation opposite O{sup 6}-methylG, using steady-state kinetic analyses. The results presented here corroborate previous work from this laboratory using full-length pol L, which showed that dTTP incorporation occurs with high efficiency opposite O{sup 6}-methylG. Misincorporation of dTTP opposite O{sup 6}-methylG occurred with {approx}6-fold higher efficiency than incorporation of dCTP. Crystal structures of the truncated form of pol L with O{sup 6}-methylG as the template base and incoming dCTP or dTTP were solved and showed that O{sup 6}-methylG is rotated into the syn conformation in the pol L active site and that dTTP misincorporation by pol L is the result of Hoogsteen base pairing with the adduct. Both dCTP and dTTP base paired with the Hoogsteen edge of O{sup 6}-methylG. A single, short hydrogen bond formed between the N3 atom of dTTP and the N7 atom of O{sup 6}-methylG. Protonation of the N3 atom of dCTP and bifurcation of the N3 hydrogen between the N7 and O{sup 6} atoms of O{sup 6}-methylG allow base pairing of the lesion with dCTP. We conclude that differences in the Hoogsteen hydrogen bonding between nucleotides is the main factor in the preferential selectivity of dTTP opposite O{sup 6}-methylG by human pol L, in contrast to the mispairing modes observed previously for O{sup 6}-methylG in the structures of the model DNA polymerases Sulfolobus solfataricus Dpo4 and Bacillus stearothermophilus DNA polymerase I.

Pence, Matthew G.; Choi, Jeong-Yun; Egli, Martin; Guengerich, F. Peter (EWHA); (Vanderbilt)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

446

Evaluation of the location and recency of faulting near prospective surface facilities in Midway Valley, Nye County, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Evaluation of surface faulting that may pose a hazard to prospective surface facilities is an important element of the tectonic studies for the potential Yucca Mountain high-level radioactive waste repository in southwestern Nevada. For this purpose, a program of detailed geologic mapping and trenching was done to obtain surface and near-surface geologic data that are essential for determining the location and recency of faults at a prospective surface-facilities site located east of Exile Hill in Midway Valley, near the eastern base of Yucca Mountain. The dominant tectonic features in the Midway Valley area are the north- to northeast-trending, west-dipping normal faults that bound the Midway Valley structural block-the Bow Ridge fault on the west side of Exile Hill and the Paint-brush Canyon fault on the east side of the valley. Trenching of Quaternary sediments has exposed evidence of displacements, which demonstrate that these block-bounding faults repeatedly ruptured the surface during the middle to late Quaternary. Geologic mapping, subsurface borehole and geophysical data, and the results of trenching activities indicate the presence of north- to northeast-trending faults and northwest-trending faults in Tertiary volcanic rocks beneath alluvial and colluvial sediments near the prospective surface-facilities site. North to northeast-trending faults include the Exile Hill fault along the eastern base of Exile Hill and faults to the east beneath the surficial deposits of Midway Valley. These faults have no geomorphic expression, but two north- to northeast-trending zones of fractures exposed in excavated profiles of middle to late Pleistocene deposits at the prospective surface-facilities site appear to be associated with these faults. Northwest-trending faults include the West Portal and East Portal faults, but no disruption of Quaternary deposits by these faults is evident. The western zone of fractures is associated with the Exile Hill fault. The eastern zone of fractures is within Quaternary alluvial sediments, but no bedrock was encountered in trenches and soil pits in this part of the prospective surface facilities site; thus, the direct association of this zone with one or more bedrock faults is uncertain. No displacement of lithologic contacts and soil horizons could be detected in the fractured Quaternary deposits. The results of these investigations imply the absence of any appreciable late Quaternary faulting activity at the prospective surface-facilities site.

Swan, F.H.; Wesling, J.R.; Angell, M.M.; Thomas, A.P.; Whitney, J.W.; Gibson, J.D.

2002-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

447

Methods and apparatus of suppressing tube waves within a bore hole and seismic surveying systems incorporating same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and apparatus for attenuating waves in a bore hole, and seismic surveying systems incorporating the same. In one embodiment, an attenuating device includes a soft compliant bladder coupled to a pressurized gas source. A pressure regulating system reduces the pressure of the gas from the gas source prior to entering the bladder and operates in conjunction with the hydrostatic pressure of the fluid in a bore hole to maintain the pressure of the bladder at a specified pressure relative to the surrounding bore hole pressure. Once the hydrostatic pressure of the bore hole fluid exceeds that of the gas source, bore hole fluid may be admitted into a vessel of the gas source to further compress and displace the gas contained therein. In another embodiment, a water-reactive material may be used to provide gas to the bladder wherein the amount of gas generated by the water-reactive material may depend on the hydrostatic pressure of the bore hole fluid.

West, Phillip B.; Haefner, Daryl

2005-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

448

Methods and apparatus of suppressing tube waves within a bore hole and seismic surveying systems incorporating same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and apparatus for attenuating waves in a bore hole, and seismic surveying systems incorporating the same. In one embodiment, an attenuating device includes a soft compliant bladder coupled to a pressurized gas source. A pressure regulating system reduces the pressure of the gas from the gas source prior to entering the bladder and operates in conjunction with the hydrostatic pressure of the fluid in a bore hole to maintain the pressure of the bladder at a specified pressure relative to the surrounding bore hole pressure. Once the hydrostatic pressure of the bore hole fluid exceeds that of the gas source, bore hole fluid may be admitted into a vessel of the gas source to further compress and displace the gas contained therein. In another embodiment, a water-reactive material may be used to provide gas to the bladder wherein the amount of gas generated by the water-reactive material may depend on the hydrostatic pressure of the bore hole fluid.

West, Phillip B.; Haefner, Daryl

2004-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

449

Incorporating global warming risks in power sector planning: A case study of the New England region. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Growing international concern over the threat of global climate change has led to proposals to buy insurance against this threat by reducing emissions of carbon (short for carbon dioxide) and other greenhouse gases below current levels. Concern over these and other, non-climatic environmental effects of electricity generation has led a number of states to adopt or explore new mechanisms for incorporating environmental externalities in utility resource planning. For example, the New York and Massachusetts utility commissions have adopted monetized surcharges (or adders) to induce emission reductions of federally regulated air pollutants (notably, SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, and particulates) beyond federally mandated levels. These regulations also include preliminary estimates of the cost of reducing carbon emissions, for which no federal regulations exist at this time. Within New England, regulators and utilities have also held several workshops and meetings to discuss alternative methods of incorporating externalities as well as the feasibility of regional approaches. This study examines the potential for reduced carbon emissions in the New England power sector as well as the cost and rate impacts of two policy approaches: environmental externality surcharges and a target- based approach. We analyze the following questions: Does New England have sufficient low-carbon resources to achieve significant reductions (10% to 20% below current levels) in fossil carbon emissions in its utility sector? What reductions could be achieved at a maximum? What is the expected cost of carbon reductions as a function of the reduction goal? How would carbon reduction strategies affect electricity rates? How effective are environmental externality cost surcharges as an instrument in bringing about carbon reductions? To what extent could the minimization of total electricity costs alone result in carbon reductions relative to conventional resource plans?

Krause, F.; Busch, J.; Koomey, J.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Influence of growth temperature and temperature ramps on deep level defect incorporation in m-plane GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dependence of deep level defect incorporation in m-plane GaN films grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition on bulk m-plane GaN substrates as a function of growth temperature (T{sub g}) and T{sub g} ramping method was investigated using deep level optical spectroscopy. Understanding the influence of T{sub g} on GaN deep level incorporation is important for InGaN/GaN multi-quantum well (MQW) light emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes (LDs) because GaN quantum barrier (QB) layers are grown much colder than thin film GaN to accommodate InGaN QW growth. Deep level spectra of low T{sub g} (800?C) GaN films grown under QB conditions were compared to deep level spectra of high T{sub g} (1150?C) GaN. Reducing T{sub g}, increased the defect density significantly (>50) through introduction of emergent deep level defects at 2.09?eV and 2.9?eV below the conduction band minimum. However, optimizing growth conditions during the temperature ramp when transitioning from high to low T{sub g} substantially reduced the density of these emergent deep levels by approximately 40%. The results suggest that it is important to consider the potential for non-radiative recombination in QBs of LED or LD active regions, and tailoring the transition from high T{sub g} GaN growth to active layer growth can mitigate such non-radiative channels.

Armstrong, A. M., E-mail: aarmstr@sandia.gov [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Kelchner, K. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Nakamura, S.; DenBaars, S. P. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States) [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Speck, J. S. [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)] [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

451

Incorporation of pollution prevention and waste minimization practices during the decommissioning of Building 310 at Argonne National Laboratory-East  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The decommissioning of radiologically contaminated buildings at Department of Energy (DOE) sites provides a major opportunity to include pollution prevention and waste minimization (P2/WMin) practices to minimize waste using authorized release opportunities, and recycle and reuse (R2) activities on a complex-wide basis. The ``P2/WMin Users Guide for Decommissioning Projects`` (a.k.a. Users Guide or Guide) will be used to incorporate P2/WMin practices into the decommissioning and dismantlement (D and D) of Building 310 retention tanks at Argonne National Laboratory-East (ANL-E). The Building 310 service floor retention-tank facility contains ten isolated retention tanks that served to store excess radioactive liquids generated during process operations. The building consists of three rooms containing three tanks each and a larger room containing one tank. Due to a concern that the deteriorating facility could expose personnel working in the vicinity to radioactive contamination, a decision was made to decommission the building. The Users Guide, a document prepared under the auspices of the Office of Pollution Prevention (EM-77), details a step-by-step approach for incorporating P2/WMin options into a project`s documentation and subsequent decommissioning activities. It is a compilation of lessons learned and strategic P2/WMin initiatives from across the DOE complex. The benefits derived from using P2/WMin initiatives for the D and D of Building 310 include an accelerated decommissioning schedule, reduction in health risk, and the elimination of six release sites from the DOE EM-40 list. The benefits derived from implementation of P2/WMin initiatives into this project include cost savings, reduction in long-term liability, and deployment of technologies without impacting scope or schedule for the project.

Mezaraups, J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Krstich, M.A. [Environmental Management Solutions, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Yerace, P.J. [Dept. of Energy, Cincinnati, OH (United States). Fernald Field Office; Gresalfi, M.J. [Lockheed Martin, Germantown, MD (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

An integrated approach for prospectively investigating a mode-of-action for rodent liver effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Registration of new plant protection products (e.g., herbicide, insecticide, or fungicide) requires comprehensive mammalian toxicity evaluation including carcinogenicity studies in two species. The outcome of the carcinogenicity testing has a significant bearing on the overall human health risk assessment of the substance and, consequently, approved uses for different crops across geographies. In order to understand the relevance of a specific tumor finding to human health, a systematic, transparent, and hypothesis-driven mode of action (MoA) investigation is, appropriately, an expectation by the regulatory agencies. Here, we describe a novel approach of prospectively generating the MoA data by implementing additional end points to the standard guideline toxicity studies with sulfoxaflor, a molecule in development. This proactive MoA approach results in a more robust integration of molecular with apical end points while minimizing animal use. Sulfoxaflor, a molecule targeting sap-feeding insects, induced liver effects (increased liver weight due to hepatocellular hypertrophy) in an initial palatability probe study for selecting doses for subsequent repeat-dose dietary studies. This finding triggered the inclusion of dose-response investigations of the potential key events for rodent liver carcinogenesis, concurrent with the hazard assessment studies. As predicted, sulfoxaflor induced liver tumors in rats and mice in the bioassays. The MoA data available by the time of the carcinogenicity finding supported the conclusion that the carcinogenic potential of sulfoxaflor was due to CAR/PXR nuclear receptor activation with subsequent hepatocellular proliferation. This MoA was not considered to be relevant to humans as sulfoxaflor is unlikely to induce hepatocellular proliferation in humans and therefore would not be a human liver carcinogen. - Highlights: We prospectively generated MoA data into standard guideline toxicity studies. A proactive MoA approach integrates all end points while minimizing animal use. MoA data predicted the rodent carcinogenicity of sulfoxaflor via CAR/PXR. Liver MoA was considered not relevant to humans and hence not a human carcinogen.

LeBaron, Matthew J., E-mail: MJLeBaron@dow.com [Toxicology and Environmental Research and Consulting, The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI, 48674 (United States); Geter, David R., E-mail: dave.geter@gmail.com [Toxicology and Environmental Research and Consulting, The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI, 48674 (United States); Rasoulpour, Reza J. [Toxicology and Environmental Research and Consulting, The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI, 48674 (United States); Gollapudi, B. Bhaskar, E-mail: BBGollapudi@dow.com [Toxicology and Environmental Research and Consulting, The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI, 48674 (United States); Thomas, Johnson, E-mail: JThomas4@dow.com [Toxicology and Environmental Research and Consulting, The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI, 48674 (United States); Murray, Jennifer, E-mail: AMurray@dow.com [Toxicology and Environmental Research and Consulting, The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI, 48674 (United States); Kan, H. Lynn, E-mail: HLKan@dow.com [Toxicology and Environmental Research and Consulting, The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI, 48674 (United States); Wood, Amanda J., E-mail: AJWood@dow.com [Toxicology and Environmental Research and Consulting, The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI, 48674 (United States); Elcombe, Cliff, E-mail: CliffElcombe@cxrbiosciences.com [CXR Biosciences, 2 James Lindsay Place, Dundee Technopole, Dundee, DD1 5JJ, Scotland (United Kingdom); Vardy, Audrey, E-mail: audrey_vardy@europe.bd.com [CXR Biosciences, 2 James Lindsay Place, Dundee Technopole, Dundee, DD1 5JJ, Scotland (United Kingdom); McEwan, Jillian, E-mail: jillian.mcewan@rtmcewan.co.uk [CXR Biosciences, 2 James Lindsay Place, Dundee Technopole, Dundee, DD1 5JJ, Scotland (United Kingdom); Terry, Claire, E-mail: CTerry@dow.com [Dow AgroSciences, Abingdon, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); Billington, Richard, E-mail: RBillington@dow.com [Dow AgroSciences, Abingdon, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

453

Geothermal reservoir assessment: Northern Basin and Range Province, Stillwater prospect, Churchill County, Nevada. Final report, April 1979-July 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Union Oil Company of California drilled two exploratory geothermal wells in the Stillwater geothermal prospect area in northwestern Nevada to obtain new subsurface data for inclusion in the geothermal reservoir assessment program. Existing data from prior investigations, which included the drilling of four earlier deep temperature gradient wells in the Stillwater area, was also provided. The two wells were drilled to total depths of 6946 ft and 10,014 ft with no significant drilling problems. A maximum reservoir temperature of 353 F was measured at 9950 ft. The most productive well flow tested at a rate of 152,000 lbs/hr with a wellhead temperature of 252 F and pressure of 20 psig. Based upon current economics, the Stillwater geothermal prospect is considered to be subcommercial for the generation of electrical power. This synopsis of the exploratory drilling activities and results contains summary drilling, geologic, and reservoir information from two exploratory geothermal wells.

Ash, D.L.; Dondanville, R.F.; Gulati, M.S.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

The {sup 30}P(p, ?){sup 31}S reaction in classical novae: progress and prospects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The unknown thermonuclear rate of the {sup 30}P(p, ?){sup 31}S reaction at classical-nova temperatures currently prohibits the accurate modeling of nova nucleosynthesis in the A ? 30 region. This is hindering the calibration of nova thermometers based on observed O/S, S/Al, O/P, and P/Al abundance ratios in nova ejecta, the calibration of a meter to probe mixing at the core-envelope interface in novae based on the observed Si/H abundance ratio, and the identification of candidate pre-solar nova grains found in primitive meteorites based on laboratory measurements of their {sup 30}Si/{sup 28}Si isotopic ratios. Each of these diagnostics could address key questions in our understanding of classical novae if the {sup 30}P(p, ?){sup 31}S rate were known. We review progress on the determination of the {sup 30}P(p, ?){sup 31}S rate leading to a critical assessment of current interpretations of published data and prospects for future work.

Wrede, C., E-mail: wrede@nscl.msu.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy and National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

455

Present Status and Future Prospects of Laser Fusion and Related High Energy Density Plasma Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present status and future prospects of the laser fusion research and related laser plasma physics are reviewed. In laser fusion research, giant lasers for ignition and burn by imploding DT fuel pellets are under construction at LLNL (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) and CEA, France. In Japan , the Gekko XII and the Peta Watt laser system have been operated to investigate the implosion hydrodynamics, fast ignition, and the relativistic laser plasma interactions and a new project; FIREX( Fast Ignition Realization Experiment) had started toward the ignition and burn at the Institute of laser Engineering of Osaka University. Recently, heating experiments with cone shell target have been carried out. The thermal neutron yield is found to increase by three orders of magnitude by the peta watt laser injection to the cone shell target. The FIREX-I is planned according to this experimental results, where multi 10kJ peta watt laser is used to heat compressed DT fuel to the ignition temperature. The FIREX-II will follow for demonstrating ignition and burn, in which the implosion laser and heating laser are up-graded.

Mima, Kunioki [Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, 2-6 Yamada-oka, Suita , Osaka, 565-0871 (Japan)

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Prospects for biomass-to-electricity projects in Yunnan Province, China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efforts have been underway since 1989 to assess the prospects for biomass-to-electricity projects in Yunnan Province. Results of prefeasibility studies for specific projects suggest that they are both financially and technically viable. Because of low labor costs and favorable climate biomass can be grown on marginal and underutilized land and converted to electricity at costs lower than other alternatives. Bases on current plantation establishment rates, the potential size of the biomass resource can easily support over 1 GW of electric generating capacity in small-sized (up to 20-40 MW) cogeneration and stand-alone projects. These projects, if implemented, can ease power shortages, reduce unemployment, and help sustain the region`s economic growth. Moreover, the external environmental benefits of biomass energy are also potentially significant. This report briefly summarizes the history of biomass assessment efforts in Yunnan Province and discusses in more detail twelve projects that have been identified for U.S. private sector investment. This discussion includes a feasibility analysis of the projects (plantation-grown biomass and its conversion to electricity) and an estimate of the biomass resource base in the general vicinity of each project. This data as well as information on power needs and local capabilities to manage and operate a biomass-to-electricity project are then used to rank-order the twelve projects. One cogeneration and one stand-alone facility are recommended for additional study and possible investment.

Perlack, R.D.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

PROSPECTS FOR COLLIDERS AND COLLIDER PHYSICS TO THE 1 PEV ENERGY SCALE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A review is given of the prospects for future colliders and collider physics at the energy frontier. A proof-of-plausibility scenario is presented for maximizing the authors progress in elementary particle physics by extending the energy reach of hadron and lepton colliders as quickly and economically as might be technically and financially feasible. The scenario comprises 5 colliders beyond the LHC--one each of e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} and hadron colliders and three {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup {minus}} colliders--and is able to hold to the historical rate of progress in the log-energy reach of hadron and lepton colliders, reaching the 1 PeV constituent mass scale by the early 2040's. The technical and fiscal requirements for the feasibility of the scenario are assessed and relevant long-term R and D projects are identified. Considerations of both cost and logistics seem to strongly favor housing most or all of the colliders in the scenario in a new world high energy physics laboratory.

KING,B.J.

2000-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

458

Prospects of biomolecule sequencing with the techniques of translocation through nanopores: A review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The interest in the functional properties of biomolecules in native solutions (in particular, their interaction with membranes) constantly increases with accumulation of data on the macromolecular structure, obtained by X-ray diffraction (with synchrotron radiation sources), nuclear magnetic resonance, and mass spectrometry; this interest is closely related to the development of new technologies of sequencing (i.e., determining the sequence of nucleotides in DNA biomolecule). One of the most promising 'physical' approaches to sequencing is the application of methods based on the use of nanochannels or nanopores, through which biomolecules pass in ionic solutions under an electric field applied. A nanopore provides spatial localization of molecules and makes it possible to detect a signal (electric, fluorescent, etc.) from an individual nucleotide. In view of the development of new high-intensity pulsed X-ray sources, the popularity of fluorescence analysis constantly increases. The existing methods for simulating the motion of biomolecules and interpreting their structure, sequencing techniques, and the prospects of further development of investigations in this field are discussed.

Nosik, V. L., E-mail: v-nosik@yandex.ru; Rudakova, E. B. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

UN PROCD DE DOSAGE CONTINU DU RADON DANS L'AIR ATMOSPHRIQUE. APPLICATION A LA PROSPECTION DE L'URANIUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: it permits measurement of the activity of radioactive products of radon in air ; the air permits pass through176 UN PROC?D? DE DOSAGE CONTINU DU RADON DANS L'AIR ATMOSPH?RIQUE. APPLICATION A LA PROSPECTION DE radon de l'air atmo- sphérique. Une pompe à grand débit aspire l'air à analyser à travers un papier

Boyer, Edmond

460

Industrial-Load-Shaping: The Practice of and Prospects for Utility/Industry Cooperation to Manage Peak Electricity Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDUSTRIAL-LOAD-SHAPI1IG: TIlE PRACTICE OF AND PROSPECTS FOR UTILITY/INDUSTRY COOPERATION TO MAUGE PEAK ELECTRICITY DEMAND Donald J. BuIes and David E. Rubin Consultants, Pacific Gas and Electric Company San Francisco, California Michael F.... Maniates Energy and Resources Group, University of California Berkeley, California ABSTRACT Load-management programs designed to reduce demand for electricity during peak periods are becoming increasingly important to electric utilities. For a gf...

Bules, D. J.; Rubin, D. E.; Maniates, M. F.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

MARKETING PORTFOLIO Please keep in mind that your audience for the portfolio is a prospective employer, so everything has to be  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MARKETING PORTFOLIO DIRECTIONS AUDIENCE Please keep in mind that your audience for the portfolio is a prospective employer, so everything has to be done with that individual in mind. At a minimum you

de Lijser, Peter

462

Beyond Competition for Incorporation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Subsidiarity in Corporate Governance in a Transatlanticor Irrelevant for Corporate Governance? , 21 Oxford Rev.J. Gilson, Globalizing Corporate Governance: Convergence of

Kamar, Ehud

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

CORPORATIONS APAC Tennessee Incorporated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Services Deal Cooper Holton PLLC Design Details A.C.A.P. - The Care Foundation Devault Interactive Deweese of Jacksonville Inc. FedEx Corporation First South Financial Credit Union First Tennessee Bank First Tennessee and Music Publishing LLC Macmillan Subscription Services Magnolia Processing Inc Mr. Chris Marable Marsh

Dasgupta, Dipankar

464

RADIATION APPLICATIONS INCORPORATED  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545 OCT 28 1%AU62 & 199344S. Driof, .

465

LEGISLATIVE UPDATE: Overview of Public Laws, Appropriations, and Pending Legislation from the 112th  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

........................................................................................................................................... 10 Down Syndrome ............................................................................................................... 17 Tourette Syndrome

466

LEGISLATIVE UPDATE: An overview of enacted legislation from the 110th  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pharmaceuticals for Children Act o Reauthorizes the original 2002 law o Provides economic incentives

467

Wind Energy Management System Integration Project Incorporating Wind Generation and Load Forecast Uncertainties into Power Grid Operations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The power system balancing process, which includes the scheduling, real time dispatch (load following) and regulation processes, is traditionally based on deterministic models. Since the conventional generation needs time to be committed and dispatched to a desired megawatt level, the scheduling and load following processes use load and wind power production forecasts to achieve future balance between the conventional generation and energy storage on the one side, and system load, intermittent resources (such as wind and solar generation) and scheduled interchange on the other side. Although in real life the forecasting procedures imply some uncertainty around the load and wind forecasts (caused by forecast errors), only their mean values are actually used in the generation dispatch and commitment procedures. Since the actual load and intermittent generation can deviate from their forecasts, it becomes increasingly unclear (especially, with the increasing penetration of renewable resources) whether the system would be actually able to meet the conventional generation requirements within the look-ahead horizon, what the additional balancing efforts would be needed as we get closer to the real time, and what additional costs would be incurred by those needs. In order to improve the system control performance characteristics, maintain system reliability, and minimize expenses related to the system balancing functions, it becomes necessary to incorporate the predicted uncertainty ranges into the scheduling, load following, and, in some extent, into the regulation processes. It is also important to address the uncertainty problem comprehensively, by including all sources of uncertainty (load, intermittent generation, generators forced outages, etc.) into consideration. All aspects of uncertainty such as the imbalance size (which is the same as capacity needed to mitigate the imbalance) and generation ramping requirement must be taken into account. The latter unique features make this work a significant step forward toward the objective of incorporating of wind, solar, load, and other uncertainties into power system operations. In this report, a new methodology to predict the uncertainty ranges for the required balancing capacity, ramping capability and ramp duration is presented. Uncertainties created by system load forecast errors, wind and solar forecast errors, generation forced outages are taken into account. The uncertainty ranges are evaluated for different confidence levels of having the actual generation requirements within the corresponding limits. The methodology helps to identify system balancing reserve requirement based on a desired system performance levels, identify system breaking points, where the generation system becomes unable to follow the generation requirement curve with the user-specified probability level, and determine the time remaining to these potential events. The approach includes three stages: statistical and actual data acquisition, statistical analysis of retrospective information, and prediction of future grid balancing requirements for specified time horizons and confidence intervals. Assessment of the capacity and ramping requirements is performed using a specially developed probabilistic algorithm based on a histogram analysis incorporating all sources of uncertainty and parameters of a continuous (wind forecast and load forecast errors) and discrete (forced generator outages and failures to start up) nature. Preliminary simulations using California Independent System Operator (California ISO) real life data have shown the effectiveness of the proposed approach. A tool developed based on the new methodology described in this report will be integrated with the California ISO systems. Contractual work is currently in place to integrate the tool with the AREVA EMS system.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Huang, Zhenyu; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Guttromson, Ross T.; Subbarao, Krishnappa; Chakrabarti, Bhujanga B.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Active pixel imagers incorporating pixel-level amplifiers based on polycrystalline-silicon thin-film transistors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Active matrix, flat-panel imagers (AMFPIs) employing a 2D matrix of a-Si addressing TFTs have become ubiquitous in many x-ray imaging applications due to their numerous advantages. However, under conditions of low exposures and/or high spatial resolution, their signal-to-noise performance is constrained by the modest system gain relative to the electronic additive noise. In this article, a strategy for overcoming this limitation through the incorporation of in-pixel amplification circuits, referred to as active pixel (AP) architectures, using polycrystalline-silicon (poly-Si) TFTs is reported. Compared to a-Si, poly-Si offers substantially higher mobilities, enabling higher TFT currents and the possibility of sophisticated AP designs based on both n- and p-channel TFTs. Three prototype indirect detection arrays employing poly-Si TFTs and a continuous a-Si photodiode structure were characterized. The prototypes consist of an array (PSI-1) that employs a pixel architecture with a single TFT, as well as two arrays (PSI-2 and PSI-3) that employ AP architectures based on three and five TFTs, respectively. While PSI-1 serves as a reference with a design similar to that of conventional AMFPI arrays, PSI-2 and PSI-3 incorporate additional in-pixel amplification circuitry. Compared to PSI-1, results of x-ray sensitivity demonstrate signal gains of {approx}10.7 and 20.9 for PSI-2 and PSI-3, respectively. These values are in reasonable agreement with design expectations, demonstrating that poly-Si AP circuits can be tailored to provide a desired level of signal gain. PSI-2 exhibits the same high levels of charge trapping as those observed for PSI-1 and other conventional arrays employing a continuous photodiode structure. For PSI-3, charge trapping was found to be significantly lower and largely independent of the bias voltage applied across the photodiode. MTF results indicate that the use of a continuous photodiode structure in PSI-1, PSI-2, and PSI-3 results in optical fill factors that are close to unity. In addition, the greater complexity of PSI-2 and PSI-3 pixel circuits, compared to that of PSI-1, has no observable effect on spatial resolution. Both PSI-2 and PSI-3 exhibit high levels of additive noise, resulting in no net improvement in the signal-to-noise performance of these early prototypes compared to conventional AMFPIs. However, faster readout rates, coupled with implementation of multiple sampling protocols allowed by the nondestructive nature of pixel readout, resulted in a significantly lower noise level of {approx}560 e (rms) for PSI-3.

El-Mohri, Youcef; Antonuk, Larry E.; Koniczek, Martin; Zhao Qihua; Li Yixin; Street, Robert A.; Lu Jengping [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), 3333 Coyote Hill Road, Palo Alto, California 94304 (United States)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

Effect of nitrogen incorporation on improvement of leakage properties in high-k HfO{sub 2} capacitors treated by N{sub 2}-plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nitrogen incorporation into the HfO{sub 2} films with an EOT (equivalent oxide thickness) of 9 A was performed by N{sub 2}-plasma to improve the electrical properties. The dielectric properties and a leakage current characteristics of the capacitors were investigated as a function of plasma power and plasma treatment temperature. The dielectric constant of the capacitors is not influenced by nitrogen incorporation. The N{sub 2}-plasma treatment at 300 deg. C and 70 W exhibits the most effective influence on improvement of the leakage current characteristics. Leakage current density of the capacitors treated at 300 deg. C and 70 W exhibits a half order of magnitude lower than that without plasma treatment. Nitrogen incorporated into the HfO{sub 2} films possesses the intrinsic effect that drastically reduce the electron leakage current through HfO{sub 2} dielectrics by deactivating the V{sub O} (oxygen vacancy) related gap states.

Seong, Nak-Jin; Yoon, Soon-Gil; Yeom, Seung-Jin; Woo, Hyun-Kyung; Kil, Deok-Sin; Roh, Jae-Sung; Sohn, Hyun-Chul [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Chungnam National University, Daeduk Science Town, 305-764, Daejon (Korea, Republic of); Hynix Semiconductor Inc., San 136-1 Ami-ri Bubal-eub Icheon-si Kyoungki-do, 467-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2005-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

470

Palmitoylation of the feline immunodeficiency virus envelope glycoprotein and its effect on fusion activity and envelope incorporation into virions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) envelope glycoprotein (Env) possesses a short cytoplasmic domain of 53 amino acids containing four highly conserved cysteines at Env positions 804, 811, 815 and 848. Since palmitoylation of transmembrane proteins occurs at or near the membrane anchor, we investigated whether cysteines 804, 811 and 815 are acylated and analyzed the relevance of these residues for Env functions. Replacement of cysteines 804, 811 and 815 individually or in combination by serine residues resulted in Env glycoproteins that were efficiently expressed and processed. However, mutations C804S and C811S reduced Env fusogenicity by 93% and 84%, respectively, compared with wild-type Env. By contrast, mutant C815S exhibited a fusogenic capacity representing 50% of the wild-type value. Remarkably, the double mutation C804S/C811S abrogated both Env fusion activity and Env incorporation into virions. Finally, by means of Click chemistry assays we demonstrated that the four FIV Env cytoplasmic cysteines are palmitoylated.

Gonzalez, Silvia A.; Paladino, Monica G. [Laboratorio de Virologia, CONICET-Universidad de Belgrano (UB), Villanueva 1324 (C1426BMJ), Buenos Aires (Argentina)] [Laboratorio de Virologia, CONICET-Universidad de Belgrano (UB), Villanueva 1324 (C1426BMJ), Buenos Aires (Argentina); Affranchino, Jose L., E-mail: jose.affranchino@comunidad.ub.edu.ar [Laboratorio de Virologia, CONICET-Universidad de Belgrano (UB), Villanueva 1324 (C1426BMJ), Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

471

Nitrogen incorporated ultrananocrystalline diamond based field emitter array for a flat-panel x-ray source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A field emission based flat-panel transmission x-ray source is being developed as an alternative for medical and industrial imaging. A field emitter array (FEA) prototype based on nitrogen incorporated ultrananocrystalline diamond film has been fabricated to be used as the electron source of this flat panel x-ray source. The FEA prototype was developed using conventional microfabrication techniques. The field emission characteristics of the FEA prototype were evaluated. Results indicated that emission current densities of the order of 6?mA/cm{sup 2} could be obtained at electric fields as low as 10?V/?m to 20?V/?m. During the prototype microfabrication process, issues such as delamination of the extraction gate and poor etching of the SiO{sub 2} insulating layer located between the emitters and the extraction layer were encountered. Consequently, alternative FEA designs were investigated. Experimental and simulation data from the first FEA prototype were compared and the results were used to evaluate the performance of alternative single and double gate designs that would yield better field emission characteristics compared to the first FEA prototype. The best simulation results are obtained for the double gate FEA design, when the diameter of the collimator gate is around 2.6 times the diameter of the extraction gate.

Posada, Chrystian M.; Grant, Edwin J.; Lee, Hyoung K.; Castao, Carlos H., E-mail: castanoc@mst.edu [Nuclear Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, 220 Fulton Hall, Rolla, Missouri 65401 (United States); Divan, Ralu; Sumant, Anirudha V.; Rosenmann, Daniel; Stan, Liliana [Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

472

Prospects For High Frequency Burst Searches Following Binary Neutron Star Coalescence With Advanced Gravitational Wave Detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The equation of state plays a critical role in the physics of the merger of two neutron stars. Recent numerical simulations with microphysical equation of state suggest the outcome of such events depends on the mass of the neutron stars. For less massive systems, simulations favor the formation of a hypermassive, quasi-stable neutron star, whose oscillations produce a short, high frequency burst of gravitational radiation. Its dominant frequency content is tightly correlated with the radius of the neutron star, and its measurement can be used to constrain the supranuclear equation of state. In contrast, the merger of higher mass systems results in prompt gravitational collapse to a black hole. We have developed an algorithm which combines waveform reconstruction from a morphology-independent search for gravitational wave transients with Bayesian model selection, to discriminate between post-merger scenarios and accurately measure the dominant oscillation frequency. We demonstrate the efficacy of the method using a catalogue of simulated binary merger signals in data from LIGO and Virgo, and we discuss the prospects for this analysis in advanced ground-based gravitational wave detectors. From the waveforms considered in this work and assuming an optimally oriented source, we find that the post-merger neutron star signal may be detectable by this technique to $\\sim 10\\text{--}25$\\,Mpc. We also find that we successfully discriminate between the post-merger scenarios with $\\sim 95\\%$ accuracy and determine the dominant oscillation frequency of surviving post-merger neutron stars to within $\\sim 10$\\,Hz, averaged over all detected signals. This leads to an uncertainty in the estimated radius of a non-rotating 1.6\\,M$_{\\odot}$ reference neutron star of $\\sim 100\\,$m.

J. Clark; A. Bauswein; L. Cadonati; H. -T. Janka; C. Pankow; N. Stergioulas

2014-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

473

Treatment of Extraspinal Painful Bone Metastases with Percutaneous Cementoplasty: A Prospective Study of 50 Patients  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of percutaneous cementoplasty (PC) with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) in painful extravertebral lytic bone metastases not responding to conventional therapy. Fifty patients (25 females), mean age 64.7 {+-} 11.2 years, underwent PC after giving informed consent. Procedures were performed under fluoroscopy (1/50) or combined fluoroscopy-CT (49/50) guidance in local anesthesia or under deep sedation in 7 patients with large metastases who underwent radiofrequency thermoablation (RFA) in the same session. Seventy lesions were treated (1-6 per patient; average, 1.4 {+-} 0.9), arranging in size from 1 to 10 cm (average, 3.6 {+-} 2.1 cm). Mean volume of PMMA per lesion was 5.9 {+-} 3.2 ml (range, 1.5-15.0 ml). Pain was prospectively evaluated on an 11-point visual analog scale (VAS) before and after the procedure (follow-up, 15 to 36 months). Mean VAS score dropped from 9.1 {+-} 1.2 (range: 6-10) to 2.1 {+-} 2.5 (range: 0-9). Mean VAS difference was 7.0 {+-} 2.3 (range, 1-10; p < 0.0001, Wilcoxon signed rank test). Forty-seven of the 50 patients (94%) suspended narcotic drugs, in 22 (44%) pain was controlled with a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, in 25 (50%) analgesic therapy was suspended, and 13 of 50 (26%) had complete pain regression. In 3 of the 50 patients (6%) pain was not improved. No statistical difference between osteoplasty and osteoplasty plus RFA was found (p = 0.8338, Mann-Whitney test). No complications arose during the procedure. Two patients with metastases in the femoral diaphysis reported a fracture 1 month after treatment. PC is effective to obtain pain regression in painful bone metastases not responding to conventional analgesic therapy; bone consolidation cannot be obtained in the diaphysis of long weight-bearing bones.

Anselmetti, Giovanni Carlo, E-mail: giovanni.anselmetti@ircc.it; Manca, Antonio [Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment, Interventional Radiology Unit (Italy); Ortega, Cinzia; Grignani, Giovanni [Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment, Oncology Unit (Italy); DeBernardi, Felicino [Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment, Anesthesiology Unit (Italy); Regge, Daniele [Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment, Radiology Unit (Italy)

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

474

Investigation of realistic PET simulations incorporating tumor patient's specificity using anthropomorphic models: Creation of an oncology database  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The GATE Monte Carlo simulation toolkit is used for the implementation of realistic PET simulations incorporating tumor heterogeneous activity distributions. The reconstructed patient images include noise from the acquisition process, imaging system's performance restrictions and have limited spatial resolution. For those reasons, the measured intensity cannot be simply introduced in GATE simulations, to reproduce clinical data. Investigation of the heterogeneity distribution within tumors applying partial volume correction (PVC) algorithms was assessed. The purpose of the present study was to create a simulated oncology database based on clinical data with realistic intratumor uptake heterogeneity properties.Methods: PET/CT data of seven oncology patients were used in order to create a realistic tumor database investigating the heterogeneity activity distribution of the simulated tumors. The anthropomorphic models (NURBS based cardiac torso and Zubal phantoms) were adapted to the CT data of each patient, and the activity distribution was extracted from the respective PET data. The patient-specific models were simulated with the Monte Carlo Geant4 application for tomography emission (GATE) in three different levels for each case: (a) using homogeneous activity within the tumor, (b) using heterogeneous activity distribution in every voxel within the tumor as it was extracted from the PET image, and (c) using heterogeneous activity distribution corresponding to the clinical image following PVC. The three different types of simulated data in each case were reconstructed with two iterations and filtered with a 3D Gaussian postfilter, in order to simulate the intratumor heterogeneous uptake. Heterogeneity in all generated images was quantified using textural feature derived parameters in 3D according to the ground truth of the simulation, and compared to clinical measurements. Finally, profiles were plotted in central slices of the tumors, across lines with heterogeneous activity distribution for visual assessment.Results: The accuracy of the simulated database was assessed against the original clinical images. The PVC simulated images matched the clinical ones best. Local, regional, and global features extracted from the PVC simulated images were closest to the clinical measurements, with the exception of the size zone variability and the mean intensity values, where heterogeneous tumors showed better reproducibility. The profiles on PVC simulated tumors after postfiltering seemed to represent the more realistic heterogeneous regions with respect to the clinical reference.Conclusions: In this study, the authors investigated the input activity map heterogeneity in the GATE simulations of tumors with heterogeneous activity distribution. The most realistic heterogeneous tumors were obtained by inserting PVC activity distributions from the clinical image into the activity map of the simulation. Partial volume effect (PVE) can play a crucial role in the quantification of heterogeneity within tumors and have an important impact on applications such as patient follow-up during treatment and assessment of tumor response to therapy. The development of such a database incorporating patient anatomical and functional variability can be used to evaluate new image processing or analysis algorithms, while providing control of the ground truth, which is not available when dealing with clinical datasets. The database includes all images used and generated in this study, as well as the sinograms and the attenuation phantoms for further investigation. It is freely available to the interested reader of the journal at http://www.med.upatras.gr/oncobase/.

Papadimitroulas, Panagiotis; Efthimiou, Nikos; Nikiforidis, George C.; Kagadis, George C. [Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, University of Patras, Rion, GR 265 04 (Greece)] [Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, University of Patras, Rion, GR 265 04 (Greece); Loudos, George [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Technological Educational Institute of Athens, Ag. Spyridonos Street, Egaleo GR 122 10, Athens (Greece)] [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Technological Educational Institute of Athens, Ag. Spyridonos Street, Egaleo GR 122 10, Athens (Greece); Le Maitre, Amandine; Hatt, Mathieu; Tixier, Florent; Visvikis, Dimitris [Medical Information Processing Laboratory (LaTIM), National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM), 29609 Brest (France)] [Medical Information Processing Laboratory (LaTIM), National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM), 29609 Brest (France)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Controlled, Defect-Guided, Metal-Nanoparticle Incorporation onto MoS2 via Chemical and Microwave Routes: Electrical, Thermal, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

show that MoS2 can be applied effectively in sensing,6,7 energy harvesting,8 and photoelectronicControlled, Defect-Guided, Metal-Nanoparticle Incorporation onto MoS2 via Chemical and Microwave via both diffusion limited aggregation and instantaneous reaction arresting (using microwaves

Berry, Vikas

476

Molybdenum in Nuclear Waste Glasses -Incorporation and Redox state R.J. Short, R.J. Hand, N.C. Hyatt,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molybdenum in Nuclear Waste Glasses - Incorporation and Redox state R.J. Short, R.J. Hand, N form in simulated high level nuclear waste (HLW) glass melts have been studied. It was found less attention has been paid to the effects of redox on nuclear waste glasses. One particular element

Sheffield, University of

477

TOURISM EDUCATION IN FRANCE AND CANADA: ARE UNIVERSITIES INCORPORATING The field of tourism was noted at the 2005 Organization for Economic Cooperation and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TOURISM EDUCATION IN FRANCE AND CANADA: ARE UNIVERSITIES INCORPORATING ICT? The field of tourism.6 billion by 2020 (World Tourism Organization, 2005) and 1.9 billion by 2030 (Yeoman, 2008). In the two countries (Canada and France) examined in this paper, the tourism industry is important within the economy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

478

An Overview of $D^0\\bar{D}^0$ Mixing Search Techniques: Current Status and Future Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The search for $D^0\\bar{D}^0$ mixing may carry a large discovery potential for new physics. This paper discusses the techniques, current experimental status, and future prospects for the mixing search. Some new ideas, applicable to future mixing searches, are introduced. In this paper, the importance of separately measuring the decay rate difference and the mass difference of the two CP eigenstates (in order to observe New Physics) has been emphasized, since the theoretical calculations for long distance effects are still plagued by large uncertainties.

Tiehui; Liu

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

The Oil Security Metrics Model: A Tool for Evaluating the Prospective Oil Security Benefits of DOE's Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy R&D Programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy technology R&D is a cornerstone of U.S. energy policy. Understanding the potential for energy technology R&D to solve the nation's energy problems is critical to formulating a successful R&D program. In light of this, the U.S. Congress requested the National Research Council (NRC) to undertake both retrospective and prospective assessments of the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy Research programs (NRC, 2001; NRC, 2005). ("The Congress continued to express its interest in R&D benefits assessment by providing funds for the NRC to build on the retrospective methodology to develop a methodology for assessing prospective benefits." NRC, 2005, p. ES-2) In 2004, the NRC Committee on Prospective Benefits of DOE's Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy R&D Programs published a report recommending a new framework and principles for prospective benefits assessment. The Committee explicitly deferred the issue of estimating security benefits to future work. Recognizing the need for a rigorous framework for assessing the energy security benefits of its R&D programs, the DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) developed a framework and approach for defining energy security metrics for R&D programs to use in gauging the energy security benefits of their programs (Lee, 2005). This report describes methods for estimating the prospective oil security benefits of EERE's R&D programs that are consistent with the methodologies of the NRC (2005) Committee and that build on Lee's (2005) framework. Its objective is to define and implement a method that makes use of the NRC's typology of prospective benefits and methodological framework, satisfies the NRC's criteria for prospective benefits evaluation, and permits measurement of that portion of the prospective energy security benefits of EERE's R&D portfolio related to oil. While the Oil Security Metrics (OSM) methodology described in this report has been specifically developed to estimate the prospective oil security benefits of DOE's R&D programs, it is also applicable to other strategies and policies aimed at changing U.S. petroleum demand.

Greene, David L [ORNL; Leiby, Paul Newsome [ORNL

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Technical and Political Assessment of Peaceful Nuclear Power Program Prospects in North Africa and the Middle East  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An exceptional number of Middle Eastern and North African nations have recently expressed interest in developing nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. Many of these countries have explored nuclear research in limited ways in the past, but the current focused interest and application of resources towards developing nuclear-generated electricity and nuclear-powered desalination plants is unprecedented. Consequently, questions arise in response to this emerging trend: What instigated this interest? To what end(s) will a nuclear program be applied? Does the country have adequate technical, political, legislative, nonproliferation, and safety infrastructure required for the capability desired? If so, what are the next steps for a country in preparation for a future nuclear program? And if not, what collaboration efforts are possible with the United States or others? This report provides information on the capabilities and interests of 13 countries in the region in nuclear energy programs in light of safety, nonproliferation and security concerns. It also provides information useful for determining potential for offering technical collaboration, financial aid, and/or political support.

Windsor, Lindsay K.; Kessler, Carol E.

2007-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incorporate prospective legislation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Quality Assurance of Multifractionated Pelvic Interstitial Brachytherapy for Postoperative Recurrences of Cervical Cancers: A Prospective Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate three-dimensional needle displacements during multifractionated interstitial brachytherapy (BT) for cervical cancers. Methods and Materials: Patients scheduled to undergo pelvic interstitial BT for postoperative and or postradiation vault recurrences were included from November 2009 to December 2010. All procedures were performed under spinal anesthesia. Postprocedure BT planning CT scans were obtained with patients in supine position with arms on the chest (interslice thickness of 3 mm). Thereafter, verification CT was repeated at every alternate fraction. Needle displacements were measured in reference to a relocatable bony point. The mean cranial, caudal, anteroposterior, and mediolateral displacements were recorded. Statistical significance of mean interfraction displacements was evaluated with Wilcoxon Test. Results: Twenty patients were included. Seventeen received boost BT (20 Gy/5 fractions/3 days) after external radiation, three received radical BT alone (36 Gy/9 fractions/5-8 days). An average of three scans (range, 2-3) were available per patient, and 357 needle displacements were analyzed. For the entire study cohort, the average of mean needle displacement was 2.5 mm (range, 0-7.4), 17.4 mm (range, 0-27.9), 1.7 mm (range, 0-6.7), 2.1 mm (range, 0-9.5), 1.7 mm (range, 0-9.3), and 0.6 mm (range, 0-7.8) in cranial, caudal, anterior, posterior, right, and left directions, respectively. The mean displacement in the caudal direction was higher between Days 1 and 2 than that between Days 2 and 3 (13.4 mm vs. 3.8 mm; p = 0.01). The average caudal displacements were no different between reirradiation and boost cohort (15.2 vs. 17.8 mm). Conclusions: Clinically significant caudal displacements occur during multifractionated pelvic brachytherapy. Optimal margins need to be incorporated while preplanning brachytherapy to account for interfraction displacements.

Shukla, Pragya [Department of Radiation Oncology and Medical Physics, Tata Memorial Hospital, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra (India); Chopra, Supriya, E-mail: schopra@actrec.gov.in [Department of Radiation Oncology, Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research and Education in Cancer, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra (India); Engineer, Reena; Mahantshetty, Umesh [Department of Radiation Oncology and Medical Physics, Tata Memorial Hospital, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra (India); Paul, Siji Nojin; Phurailatpam, Reena [Department of Radiation Oncology, Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research and Education in Cancer, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra (India); SV, Jamema; Shrivastava, Shyam K. [Department of Radiation Oncology and Medical Physics, Tata Memorial Hospital, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra (India)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

482

SYNTHESIS OF THE FULLY PROTECTED PHOSPHORAMIDITE OF THE BENZENE-DNA ADDUCT, N2- (4-HYDROXYPHENYL)-2'-DEOXYGUANOSINE AND INCORPORATION OF THE LATER INTO DNA OLIGOMERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

N2-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)-2'-deoxyguanosine-5'-O-DMT-3'-phosphoramidite has been synthesized and used to incorporate the N2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2'-dG (N2-4-HOPh-dG) into DNA, using solid-state synthesis technology. The key step to obtaining the xenonucleoside is a palladium (Xantphos-chelated) catalyzed N2-arylation (Buchwald-Hartwig reaction) of a fully protected 2'-deoxyguanosine derivative by 4-isobutyryloxybromobenzene. The reaction proceeded in good yield and the adduct was converted to the required 5'-O-DMT-3'-O-phosphoramidite by standard methods. The latter was used to synthesize oligodeoxynucleotides in which the N2-4-HOPh-dG adduct was incorporated site-specifically. The oligomers were purified by reverse-phase HPLC. Enzymatic hydrolysis and HPLC analysis confirmed the presence of this adduct in the oligomers.

Chenna, Ahmed; Gupta, Ramesh C.; Bonala, Radha R.; Johnson, Francis; Huang, Bo

2008-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

483

Response to Comment on Iodine-129 and Iodine-127 Speciation in Groundwater at Hanford Site, U.S.: Iodate Incorporation into Calcite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In his comment on our paper Iodine-129 and Iodine-127 Speciation in Groundwater at Hanford Site, U.S.: Iodate Incorporation into Calcite, Lu specified three concerns for Zhang et als study,1 including (1) precipitation mechanism (degassing vs freezing), (2) analytical methods, and (3) mass balance control. In response, comparative and comprehensive discussions on the precipitation mechanisms and iodine incorporation can be found in the paper, as well as below. This includes additional experiments of iodine distribution and speciation in calcite precipitates. In addition, the measurements of total iodine in soils/sediment were clarified below as well. The calculations on mass balance in this comment were clarified by using correct data sets. Lu proposed that freezing samples

Zhang, Saijin; Xu, Chen; Creeley, Danielle; Ho, Yi-Fang; Li, Hsiu-Ping; Grandbois, Russell; Schwehr, Kathy; Kaplan, D. I.; Yeager, Chris; Wellman, Dawn M.; Santschi, Peter H.

2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

484

A Prospective Study of the Utility of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Determining Candidacy for Partial Breast Irradiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Retrospective data have demonstrated that breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may change a patient's eligibility for partial breast irradiation (PBI) by identifying multicentric, multifocal, or contralateral disease. The objective of the current study was to prospectively determine the frequency with which MRI identifies occult disease and to establish clinical factors associated with a higher likelihood of MRI prompting changes in PBI eligibility. Methods and Materials: At The University of Chicago, women with breast cancer uniformly undergo MRI in addition to mammography and ultrasonography. From June 2009 through May 2011, all patients were screened prospectively in a multidisciplinary conference for PBI eligibility based on standard imaging, and the impact of MRI on PBI eligibility according to National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project protocol B-39/Radiation Therapy Oncology Group protocol 0413 entry criteria was recorded. Univariable analysis was performed using clinical characteristics in both the prospective cohort and in a separate cohort of retrospectively identified patients. Pooled analysis was used to derive a scoring index predictive of the risk that MRI would identify additional disease. Results: A total of 521 patients were screened for PBI eligibility, and 124 (23.8%) patients were deemed eligible for PBI based on standard imaging. MRI findings changed PBI eligibility in 12.9% of patients. In the pooled univariable analysis, tumor size ?2 cm on mammography or ultrasonography (P=.02), age <50 years (P=.01), invasive lobular histology (P=.01), and HER-2/neu amplification (P=.01) were associated with a higher likelihood of MRI changing PBI eligibility. A predictive score was generated by summing the number of significant risk factors. Patients with a score of 0, 1, 2, and 3 had changes to eligibility based on MRI findings in 2.8%, 13.2%, 38.1%, and 100%, respectively (P<.0001). Conclusions: MRI identified additional disease in a significant number of patients eligible for PBI, based on standard imaging. Clinical characteristics may be useful in directing implementation of MRI in the staging of PBI candidates.

Dorn, Paige L.; Al-Hallaq, Hania A.; Haq, Farah; Goldberg, Mira [Department of Radiation and Cellular Oncology, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States)] [Department of Radiation and Cellular Oncology, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Abe, Hiroyuki [Department of Radiology, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States)] [Department of Radiology, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Hasan, Yasmin [Department of Radiation and Cellular Oncology, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States)] [Department of Radiation and Cellular Oncology, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Chmura, Steven J., E-mail: schmura@radonc.uchicago.edu [Department of Radiation and Cellular Oncology, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

This manuscript has been published as: S Bernard, J Frisn, KL Spalding. A mathematical model for the interpretation of nuclear bomb test derived 14C incorporation in biological systems (2010) Nucl. Instr.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the interpretation of nuclear bomb test derived 14C incorporation in biological systems (2010) Nucl. Instr. and Meth for the interpretation of nuclear bomb test derived 14 C incorporation in biological systems Samuel Bernard1 , Jonas nuclear bomb testing during the cold war (1955-1963). For slowly renewing tissues, this method provides

Boyer, Edmond

486

The earth's absolute gravitation potential function in the prospect 'gravitational potential metering' of geological objects and earthquake centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The direct problem of the detection of the Earth's absolute gravitation potential maximum value (MGP) was solved. The inverse problem finding of the Earth maximum gravitation (where there is a maximum of gravitation field intensity and a potential function has a 'bending point') with the help of MGP was solved as well. The obtained results show that the revealed Earth maximum gravitation coincides quite strictly with the cseismic D" layer on the border of the inner and outer (liquid) core. The validity of the method of an absolute gravitation potential detection by the equal- potential velocity was proved as 'gravitation potential measurement' or 'Vs-gravity method'. The prospects of this method for detecting of low-power or distant geological objects with abnormal density and the possible earthquakes with low density was shown.

Aleksandr Fridrikson; Marina Kasatochkina

2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

487

Critical view to ''IGEX {sup 76}Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay experiment: Prospects for next generation experiments''  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, a paper entitled 'The IGEX {sup 76}Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay experiment: Prospects for next generation experiments' has been published [Phys. Rev. D 65, 092007 (2002)]. In view of the recently reported evidence for neutrinoless double-beta decay [Mod. Phys. Lett. A 16, 2409 (2001).; Found. Phys. 31, 1181 (2002); Phys. Lett. B 586, 198 (2004).], it is particularly unfortunate that the IGEX paper is rather incomplete in its presentation. We would like to point out in this Comment that and why it would be highly desirable to make more details about the experimental conditions and the analysis of IGEX available. We list some of the main points, which require further explanation. We also point to an arithmetic mistake in the analysis of the IGEX data, the consequence of which are too high half-life limits given in that paper.

Klapdor-Kleingrothaus, H.V.; Dietz, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 10 39 80, D-69029 Heidelberg (Germany); Krivosheina, I. V. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 10 39 80, D-69029 Heidelberg (Germany); Radiophysical-Research Institute, Nishnii-Novgorod (Russian Federation)

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Smoking cessation among coal miners as predicted by baseline respiratory function and symptoms: a 5-year prospective study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A prospective analysis was used to test whether respiratory impairment or the presence of respiratory symptoms predicts 5-year cigarette smoking cessation in a sample of 1,118 U.S. white, male, underground coal miners. Miners were examined in 1977 and re-examined in 1982 by NIOSH, and all miners with test abnormalities were so informed by letter. Respiratory impairment was measured by an index of airways obstruction combining the spirometric measures of Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) and Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 sec (FEV1). Bronchitis symptoms were measured by an index that combined chronic cough (3+ months/year) and chronic phlegm (3 + months/year). Among these coal miners, the presence of chronic respiratory symptoms initially was inversely associated with cigarette smoking cessation. Respiratory impairment, however, was positively associated with cigarette smoking cessation but did not reach statistical significance.

Ames, R.G.; Hall, D.S.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

On the sol-gel synthesis of strontium-titanate thin films and the prospects of their use in electronics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Strontium-titanate films obtained by the sol-gel technique are deposited onto silicon and silicon/oxide titanium/platinum substrates. The strontium-titanate phase is detected by the method of X-ray diffraction analysis after heat treatment at temperatures of 750 and 800C. The thickness of the films obtained by the spin-on method increases from 50 to 250 nm as the number of deposited layers is increased and is accompanied with an increase in the grain size in the films. Prospects of the development of the sol-gel technique for the formation of film components of electronic devices based on SrTiO{sub 3} xerogels are discussed.

Sohrabi Anaraki, H.; Gaponenko, N. V., E-mail: nik@nano.bsuir.edu.by; Rudenko, M. V.; Guk, A. F.; Zavadskij, S. M.; Golosov, D. A.; Kolosnitsyn, B. S. [Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics (Belarus); Kolos, V. V.; Pyatlitskij, A. N.; Turtsevich, A. S. [Integral Enterprise (Belarus)

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

A Technical, Financial, and Policy Analysis of the RAMSES RFID Inventory Management System for NASA's International Space Station: Prospects for SBIR/STTR Technology Infusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's International Space Station: Prospects for SBIR/STTR Technology Infusion by Abraham T. Grindle Honors B for SBIR/STTR Technology Infusion by Abraham T. Grindle Honors B.S. Aerospace Engineering Saint Louis that might be unique to SBIR/STTR technologies that are successfully infused into the mainstream NASA

491

Geophysical Prospecting, 2013, 61 (Suppl. 1), 505532 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2478.2012.01117.x Review paper: Instrumentation for marine magnetotelluric and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exploits the natural variations in the Earth's magnetic field that induce electric currents and fields CGeophysical Prospecting, 2013, 61 (Suppl. 1), 505­532 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2478.2012.01117.x Review accepted June 2012 ABSTRACT We review and describe the electromagnetic transmitters and receivers used

Constable, Steve

492

Environmental analysis of geopressured-geothermal prospect areas, De Witt and Colorado counties, Texas. Final report, March 1 - August 31, 1979  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Information collected and analyzed for a preliminary environmental analysis of geopressured geothermal prospect areas in Colorado and DeWitt Counties, Texas is presented. Specific environmental concerns for each geopressured geothermal prospect area are identified and discussed. Approximately 218 km/sup 2/(85 mi/sup 2/) were studied in the vicinity of each prospect area to: (1) conduct an environmental analysis to identify more and less suited areas for geopressured test wells; and (2) provide an environmental data base for future development of geopressured geothermal energy resources. A series of maps and tables are included to illustrate environmental characteristics including: geology, water resources, soils, current land use, vegetation, wildlife, and meteorological characteristics, and additional relevant information on cultural resources, power- and pipelines, and regulatory agencies. A series of transparent overlays at the scale of the original mapping has also been produced for the purposes of identifying and ranking areas of potential conflict between geopressured geothermal development and environmental characteristics. The methodology for ranking suitability of areas within the two prospect areas is discussed in the appendix. (MHR)

Gustavson, T.C.; Reeder, F.S.; Badger, E.A.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

A Discussion Paper circulated by Brunel Institute of Power Systems 15/09/03 Prospects for Grid-Computing in Future Power Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Discussion Paper circulated by Brunel Institute of Power Systems 15/09/03 Prospects for Grid-Computing in Future Power Networks Prof. Malcolm Irving and Dr. Gareth Taylor 15 September 2003 Brunel Institute of Power Systems Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering Brunel University Uxbridge, Middlesex

Taylor, Gary

494

Dear Prospective Volunteer, Thank you for your interest in being a volunteer with The Aurora Center for Advocacy & Education. With a staff of only  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dear Prospective Volunteer, Thank you for your interest in being a volunteer with The Aurora Center is limited so early application is suggested. The Aurora Center (TAC) was created to and continues to provide training. Jerie Smith, Volunteer Coordinator smith449@umn.edu #12;The Aurora Center for Advocacy

Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

495

Letter of Interest or Prospecting Letter You may find that you are sincerely interested in a particular organization, but they have no jobs currently  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 1. State why you are interested in working for that organization. 2. Demonstrate the skills you year at Penn State, my interest in working for an organization that shares my passion has become34 Letter of Interest or Prospecting Letter You may find that you are sincerely interested

Omiecinski, Curtis

496

Conference Paper for Electricity Industry in Transition: Issues and Prospects for Asia, Bangkok, Thailand, Jan. 14-16, 2004. 2003 Dennis Ray and Frank Wayno  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Education in a Transitioning Electric Power Industry Dennis Ray Executive Director Power Systems EngineeringConference Paper for Electricity Industry in Transition: Issues and Prospects for Asia, Bangkok University fjw2@cornell.edu Abstract The electric supply industry is in transition from its traditional

497

A Prospective, Multicenter Study of Complementary/Alternative Medicine (CAM) Utilization During Definitive Radiation for Breast Cancer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Although complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) utilization in breast cancer patients is reported to be high, there are few data on CAM practices in breast patients specifically during radiation. This prospective, multi-institutional study was conducted to define CAM utilization in breast cancer during definitive radiation. Materials/Methods: A validated CAM instrument with a self-skin assessment was administered to 360 Stage 0-III breast cancer patients from 5 centers during the last week of radiation. All data were analyzed to detect significant differences between users/nonusers. Results: CAM usage was reported in 54% of the study cohort (n=194/360). Of CAM users, 71% reported activity-based CAM (eg, Reiki, meditation), 26% topical CAM, and 45% oral CAM. Only 16% received advice/counseling from naturopathic/homeopathic/medical professionals before initiating CAM. CAM use significantly correlated with higher education level (P<.001), inversely correlated with concomitant hormone/radiation therapy use (P=.010), with a trend toward greater use in younger patients (P=.066). On multivariate analysis, level of education (OR: 6.821, 95% CI: 2.307-20.168, P<.001) and hormones/radiation therapy (OR: 0.573, 95% CI: 0.347-0.949, P=.031) independently predicted for CAM use. Significantly lower skin toxicity scores were reported in CAM users vs nonusers, respectively (mild: 34% vs 25%, severe: 17% vs 29%, P=.017). Conclusion: This is the first prospective study to assess CAM practices in breast patients during radiation, with definition of these practices as the first step for future investigation of CAM/radiation interactions. These results should alert radiation oncologists that a large percentage of breast cancer patients use CAM during radiation without disclosure or consideration for potential interactions, and should encourage increased awareness, communication, and documentation of CAM practices in patients undergoing radiation treatment for breast cancer.

Moran, Meena S., E-mail: meena.moran@yale.edu [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Department of Radiation Therapy, William W. Backus Hospital, Norwich, Connecticut (United States); Ma Shuangge [Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (United States)] [Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Jagsi, Reshma [University of Michigan, Department of Radiation Oncology, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)] [University of Michigan, Department of Radiation Oncology, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Yang, Tzu-I Jonathan [Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States)] [Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Higgins, Susan A. [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States) [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Department of Radiation Therapy, Shoreline Medical Center, Guilford, Connecticut (United States); Weidhaas, Joanne B. [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States)] [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Wilson, Lynn D. [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States) [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Department of Radiation Therapy, Lawrence and Memorial Hospital, New London, Connecticut (United States); Lloyd, Shane [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States)] [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Peschel, Richard [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States) [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Department of Radiation Therapy, Lawrence and Memorial Hospital, New London, Connecticut (United States); Gaudreau, Bryant [Department of Radiation Therapy, William W. Backus Hospital, Norwich, Connecticut (United States)] [Department of Radiation Therapy, William W. Backus Hospital, Norwich, Connecticut (United States); Rockwell, Sara [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States)] [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

KINETIC MODELING OF A FISCHER-TROPSCH REACTION OVER A COBALT CATALYST IN A SLURRY BUBBLE COLUMN REACTOR FOR INCORPORATION INTO A COMPUTATIONAL MULTIPHASE FLUID DYNAMICS MODEL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Currently multi-tubular fixed bed reactors, fluidized bed reactors, and slurry bubble column reactors (SBCRs) are used in commercial Fischer Tropsch (FT) synthesis. There are a number of advantages of the SBCR compared to fixed and fluidized bed reactors. The main advantage of the SBCR is that temperature control and heat recovery are more easily achieved. The SBCR is a multiphase chemical reactor where a synthesis gas, comprised mainly of H2 and CO, is bubbled through a liquid hydrocarbon wax containing solid catalyst particles to produce specialty chemicals, lubricants, or fuels. The FT synthesis reaction is the polymerization of methylene groups [-(CH2)-] forming mainly linear alkanes and alkenes, ranging from methane to high molecular weight waxes. The Idaho National Laboratory is developing a computational multiphase fluid dynamics (CMFD) model of the FT process in a SBCR. This paper discusses the incorporation of absorption and reaction kinetics into the current hydrodynamic model. A phased approach for incorporation of the reaction kinetics into a CMFD model is presented here. Initially, a simple kinetic model is coupled to the hydrodynamic model, with increasing levels of complexity added in stages. The first phase of the model includes incorporation of the absorption of gas species from both large and small bubbles into the bulk liquid phase. The driving force for the gas across the gas liquid interface into the bulk liquid is dependent upon the interfacial gas concentration in both small and large bubbles. However, because it is difficult to measure the concentration at the gas-liquid interface, coefficients for convective mass transfer have been developed for the overall driving force between the bulk concentrations in the gas and liquid phases. It is assumed that there are no temperature effects from mass transfer of the gas phases to the bulk liquid phase, since there are only small amounts of dissolved gas in the liquid phase. The product from the incorporation of absorption is the steady state concentration profile of the absorbed gas species in the bulk liquid phase. The second phase of the model incorporates a simplified macrokinetic model to the mass balance equation in the CMFD code. Initially, the model assumes that the catalyst particles are sufficiently small such that external and internal mass and heat transfer are not rate limiting. The model is developed utilizing the macrokinetic rate expression developed by Yates and Satterfield (1991). Initially, the model assumes that the only species formed other than water in the FT reaction is C27H56. Change in moles of the reacting species and the resulting temperature of the catalyst and fluid phases is solved simultaneously. The macrokinetic model is solved in conjunction with the species transport equations in a separate module which is incorporated into the CMFD code.

Anastasia Gribik; Doona Guillen, PhD; Daniel Ginosar, PhD

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Five-year Local Control in a Phase II Study of Hypofractionated Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy With an Incorporated Boost for Early Stage Breast Cancer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Conventional radiation fractionation of 1.8-2 Gy per day for early stage breast cancer requires daily treatment for 6-7 weeks. We report the 5-year results of a phase II study of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), hypofractionation, and incorporated boost that shortened treatment time to 4 weeks. Methods and Materials: The study design was phase II with a planned accrual of 75 patients. Eligibility included patients aged {>=}18 years, Tis-T2, stage 0-II, and breast conservation. Photon IMRT and an incorporated boost was used, and the whole breast received 2.25 Gy per fraction for a total of 45 Gy, and the tumor bed received 2.8 Gy per fraction for a total of 56 Gy in 20 treatments over 4 weeks. Patients were followed every 6 months for 5 years. Results: Seventy-five patients were treated from December 2003 to November 2005. The median follow-up was 69 months. Median age was 52 years (range, 31-81). Median tumor size was 1.4 cm (range, 0.1-3.5). Eighty percent of tumors were node negative; 93% of patients had negative margins, and 7% of patients had close (>0 and <2 mm) margins; 76% of cancers were invasive ductal type: 15% were ductal carcinoma in situ, 5% were lobular, and 4% were other histology types. Twenty-nine percent of patients 29% had grade 3 carcinoma, and 20% of patients had extensive in situ carcinoma; 11% of patients received chemotherapy, 36% received endocrine therapy, 33% received both, and 20% received neither. There were 3 instances of local recurrence for a 5-year actuarial rate of 2.7%. Conclusions: This 4-week course of hypofractionated radiation with incorporated boost was associated with excellent local control, comparable to historical results of 6-7 weeks of conventional whole-breast fractionation with sequential boost.

Freedman, Gary M., E-mail: Gary.Freedman@uphs.upenn.edu [Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Anderson, Penny R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Bleicher, Richard J. [Department of Surgical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)] [Department of Surgical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Litwin, Samuel; Li Tianyu [Department of Biostatistics, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)] [Department of Biostatistics, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Swaby, Ramona F. [Department of Medical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)] [Department of Medical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Ma, Chang-Ming Charlie; Li Jinsheng [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Sigurdson, Elin R. [Department of Surgical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)] [Department of Surgical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Watkins-Bruner, Deborah [School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States)] [School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Morrow, Monica [Department of Surgical Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Surgical Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Goldstein, Lori J. [Department of Medical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)] [Department of Medical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

500

Prognostic Significance of Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 in Unresectable Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer Treated With Dose-Escalated Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy and Concurrent Full-Dose Gemcitabine: Analysis of a Prospective Phase 1/2 Dose Escalation Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Although established in the postresection setting, the prognostic value of carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in unresectable locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) is less clear. We examined the prognostic utility of CA19-9 in patients with unresectable LAPC treated on a prospective trial of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) dose escalation with concurrent gemcitabine. Methods and Materials: Forty-six patients with unresectable LAPC were treated at the University of Michigan on a phase 1/2 trial of IMRT dose escalation with concurrent gemcitabine. CA19-9 was obtained at baseline and during routine follow-up. Cox models were used to assess the effect of baseline factors on freedom from local progression (FFLP), distant progression (FFDP), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). Stepwise forward regression was used to build multivariate predictive models for each endpoint. Results: Thirty-eight patients were eligible for the present analysis. On univariate analysis, baseline CA19-9 and age predicted OS, CA19-9 at baseline and 3 months predicted PFS, gross tumor volume (GTV) and black race predicted FFLP, and CA19-9 at 3 months predicted FFDP. On stepwise multivariate regression modeling, baseline CA19-9, age, and female sex predicted OS; baseline CA19-9 and female sex predicted both PFS and FFDP; and GTV predicted FFLP. Patients with baseline CA19-9 ?90 U/mL had improved OS (median 23.0 vs 11.1 months, HR 2.88, P<.01) and PFS (14.4 vs 7.0 months, HR 3.61, P=.001). CA19-9 progression over 90 U/mL was prognostic for both OS (HR 3.65, P=.001) and PFS (HR 3.04, P=.001), and it was a stronger predictor of death than either local progression (HR 1.46, P=.42) or distant progression (HR 3.31, P=.004). Conclusions: In patients with unresectable LAPC undergoing definitive chemoradiation therapy, baseline CA19-9 was independently prognostic even after established prognostic factors were controlled for, whereas CA19-9 progression strongly predicted disease progression and death. Future trials should stratify by baseline CA19-9 and incorporate CA19-9 progression as a criterion for progressive disease.

Vainshtein, Jeffrey M., E-mail: jvainsh@med.umich.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Schipper, Matthew [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Zalupski, Mark M. [Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Lawrence, Theodore S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Abrams, Ross [Department of Radiation Oncology, Rush Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Rush Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Francis, Isaac R. [Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Khan, Gazala [Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Leslie, William [Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Rush Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States)] [Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Rush Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Ben-Josef, Edgar [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z