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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Deconfinement to quark matter in neutron stars - The influence of strong magnetic fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use an extended version of the hadronic SU(3) non-linear realization of the sigma model that also includes quarks to study hybrid stars. Within this approach, the degrees of freedom change naturally as the temperature/density increases. Different prescriptions of charge neutrality, local and global, are tested and the influence of strong magnetic fields and the anomalous magnetic moment on the particle population is discussed.

Dexheimer, V. [UFSC, Florianopolis, Brazil and Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, PA (Brazil); Negreiros, R. [UFF, Niteroi (Brazil) and FIAS - Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt (Germany); Schramm, S. [FIAS - Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt (Germany); Hempel, M. [University of Basel, Basel (Switzerland)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

2

Tropical Indian Ocean Influence on Northwest Pacific Tropical Cyclones in Summer following Strong El Nińo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the summer following a strong El Nińo, tropical cyclone (TC) number decreases over the Northwest (NW) Pacific despite little change in local sea surface temperature. The authors’ analysis suggests El Nińo–induced tropical Indian Ocean (TIO) ...

Yan Du; Lei Yang; Shang-Ping Xie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Influence of a Strong Bottom Slope on the Evolution of a Surface-Intensified Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors investigate the influence of steep bottom topography on the propagation of a vortex in a two-layer quasigeostrophic model. The vortex is intensified in the upper layer and the planetary beta effect is taken into account.

Virginie Thierry; Yves Morel

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Study of the influence of a strong magnetic field on the composition of nuclear matter at high densities and zero temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnetars are neutron stars with a strong surface magnetic field. Observations of soft gamma-ray and anomalous X-ray pulsars pointed out that the surface magnetic field of magnetars is equal or even greater than 10{sup 15} G. In this work we study the influence of a strong magnetic field on the composition of nuclear matter at high densities and zero temperature. We describe the matter through a relativistic mean-field model with eight light baryons (baryon octet), electrons, muons and with magnetic field. As output of the numerical calculations, we obtain the relative population of each species of particles as function of baryon density.

Coelho, Eduardo L.; Chiapparini, Marcelo [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 20559-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Bracco, Mirian E. [Faculdade de Tecnologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 27537-000, Resende, RJ (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

5

Strong scaling analysis of a parallel, unstructured, implicit solver and the influence of the operating system interference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PHASTA falls under the category of high-performance scientific computation codes designed for solving partial differential equations (PDEs). Its a massively parallel unstructured, implicit solver with particular emphasis on fluid dynamics (CFD) applications. ... Keywords: OS jitter, Strong scaling, massively parallel processing, unstructured and implicit methods

Onkar Sahni; Christopher D. Carothers; Mark S. Shephard; Kenneth E. Jansen

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Influence of Controlled Viscous Dissipation on the Propagation of Strongly Nonlinear Waves in Stainless Steel Based Phononic Crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strongly nonlinear phononic crystals were assembled from stainless steel spheres. Single solitary waves and splitting of an initial pulse into a train of solitary waves were investigated in different viscous media using motor oil and non-aqueous glycerol to introduce a controlled viscous dissipation. Experimental results indicate that the presence of a viscous fluid dramatically altered the splitting of the initial pulse into a train of solitary waves. Numerical simulations qualitatively describe the observed phenomena only when a dissipative term based on the relative velocity between particles is introduced.

E. B. Herbold; V. F. Nesterenko; C. Daraio

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

7

Smoking, Drinking, and Income  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A growing literature identifies a beneficial effect of moderate and even heavy drinking on wages and a negative effect of smoking on wages. An outstanding issue is whether these results obtain because of a causal effect of substance use on wages or whether the observed correlations reflect the effects of income on consumption or other endogeneity problems. This paper presents full information estimates of the structural parameters of a simultaneous model of drinking and smoking status and income using repeated cross--section data. With all else in the system held constant, both smoking and drinking behaviour still have large effects on income, and the income elasticities of smoking and drinking are shown to be larger in magnitude when controlling for endogeneity. JEL Classification: I12 Keywords: alcohol, tobacco, simultaneous equations, maximum simulated likelihood, multinomial probit, limited dependent variables 1 I thank Cam Donaldson, Herb Emery, David Feeny, Chris Ferrall, Jon ...

Mingshan Lu; James Mackinnon; Ken Mckenzie; Harry Paarsche; Seminar Participants; M. Christopher Auld; M. Christopher Auld

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Rat MHC-linked peptide transporter alleles strongly influence peptide binding by HLA-B27 but not B27-associated inflammatory disease  

SciTech Connect

Rats transgenic for the human MHC molecule HLA-B27 were used to study the effect of two alleles, cim{sup a} and cim{sup b}, which are associated with peptide transport by the MHC-encoded Tap2 transporter, on the function of HLA-B27 as a restriction element for CTL recognition of the male H-Y minor H Ag and on the multisystem inflammatory disease characteristic of B27 transgenic rats. Anti-H-Y CTL generated in cim{sup a} B27 transgenic rats lysed male B27 cim{sup b/b} targets significantly less well than cim{sup a/a} or cim{sup a/b} targets. Addition of exogenous H-Y peptides to male B27 cim{sup b/b} targets increased susceptibility to lysis to the level of cim{sup a/a} targets sensitized with exogenous H-Y peptides. {sup 3}H-labeled peptides eluted from B27 molecules of lymphoblasts from rats of two cim{sup b} and three cim{sup a} RT1 haplotypes showed that the cim{sup b} peptide pool favors comparatively longer and/or more hydrophobic peptides. These results indicate that RT1-linked Tap2 polymorphism in the rat strongly influences peptide loading of HLA-B27. Nonetheless, the prevalence and severity of multisystem inflammatory lesions were comparable in backcross rats bearing either cim{sup a/b} or cim{sup b/b}. It thus appears either that binding of specific peptides to B27 is unimportant in the pathogenesis of B27-associated disease or that the critical peptides, unlike H-Y and many others, are not influenced by Tap transporter polymorphism. 42 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

Simmons, W.A.; Satumtira, Nimman; Taurog, J.D. [Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (United States)] [and others

1996-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

9

Earned Income Credit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This management advisory report presents the results of our review of the effectiveness of the Internal Revenue Service’s (IRS) administration of the Earned Income Credit (EIC). 1 The objective of this review was to evaluate the history of the EIC, difficulties the IRS has faced involving the EIC in the past, and the problems the IRS faces in the future. This is the first in a series of audits on the EIC. Currently, the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration has the following five audits in process involving the EIC: • The EIC Recertification Process. • Duplicate Dependent Claims. • Revenue Protection Strategy on Improving Taxpayer Compliance. • Educating and Assisting Taxpayers on the EIC.

Review Process; Pamela J. Gardiner

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Low income energy assistance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

States are limited in their ability to manage their heating assistance programs because they normally receive funds from the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program after the heating season has begun and after they have decided on the benefits to be provided to eligible participants. In addition, the Department of Health and Human Services does not have enough flexibility to respond to unanticipated energy cost increases that can occur as a result of unusually severe weather or fuel price increases. HHS and the states could better manage the program if (1) it were forward funded so the states would know exactly how much federal assistance they would receive before they begin handling applications for heating assistance and (2) HHS had some discretion in how funds are allocated to the states to enable it to react to unanticipated energy-related circumstances.

Not Available

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Assessing the Influence of the MJO on Strong Precipitation Events in Subtropical, Semi-Arid North-Central Chile (30°S)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Annual precipitation in subtropical, semiarid north-central Chile (30°S) during rainy years comprises a few (3–5) strong events in the fall and winter, which are presumably modulated by the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO). Precipitation from 1979–...

Cristóbal Juliá; David A. Rahn; José A. Rutllant

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Income Statement -- A Financial Management Tool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An income statement measures the success of a business in terms of net income or loss for a period of time. An income statement of a farm business includes items in seven major categories. This publication describes each of these categories and gives a sample income statement.

Klinefelter, Danny A.

2008-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

13

A structural analysis of natural gas consumption by income class from 1987 to 1993  

SciTech Connect

This study had two major objectives: (1) assess and compare changes in natural gas consumption between 1987 and 1993 by income group and (2) assess the potential influence of energy policy on observed changes in natural gas consumption over time and across income groups. This analysis used U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) data files and involved both the generation of simple descriptive statistics and the use of multivariate regression analysis. The consumption of natural gas by the groups was studied over a six-year period. The results showed that: (1) natural gas use was substantially higher for the highest income group than for the two lower income groups and (2) natural gas consumption declined for the lowest and middle income quintiles and increased for the highest income quintile between 1987 and 1990; between 1990 and 1993, consumption increased for the lowest and middle income quintile, but remained relatively constant for the highest income quintile. The relative importance of the structural and variable factors in explaining consumption changes between survey periods varies by income group. The analysis provides two major energy policy implications: (1) natural gas intensity has been the highest for the lowest income group, indicating that this group is more vulnerable to sudden changes in demand-indicator variables, in particular weather-related variables, than increase natural gas consumption, and (2) the fall in natural gas intensity between 1987 and 1993 may indicate that energy policy has had some impact on reducing natural gas consumption. 11 refs., 4 figs., 16 tabs.

Poyer, D.A.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Low income home energy assistance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program provides eligible households with assistance for home energy costs. Assistance is available to (1) help families pay heating and cooling costs, (2) prevent energy cutoff in crisis situations, and (3) help families make their homes more energy efficient. This report provides background information on the program in preparation for the program's reauthorization in 1990.

Not Available

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Top Incomes in Indonesia, 1920-2004 *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using taxation and household survey data, this paper estimates top income shares for Indonesia during 1920-2004. Our results suggest that top income shares grew during the 1920s and 1930s, but fell in the post-war era. In more recent decades, we observe a sharp rise in top income shares during the late-1990s, coincident with the economic downturn, and some evidence that top income shares fell in the early-2000s. For prewar Indonesia, we decompose top income shares by income source, and find that for groups below the top 0.5 percent, a majority of income was derived from wages. Throughout the twentieth century, top income shares in Indonesia have been higher than in India, broadly comparable to Japan, and somewhat lower than levels prevailing in the

Andrew Leigh; Pierre Van Der Eng

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

China's Income Distribution, 1985-2001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

China’s Income Distribution, 1985-2001 Ximing Wu* andBureau of Statistics of China, for explaining many featuresa new method to estimate China’s income distributions using

Wu, Ximing; Perloff, Jeffrey M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Portfolio Substitution and the Revenue Cost of the Federal Income Tax Exemption for State and Local Government Bonds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper illustrates how different assumptions about household portfolio behavior influence estimates of the amount of individual income tax revenue that would be collected if the interest tax exemption for state and ...

Poterba, James M.

18

Indoor environment quality and energy retrofits in low-income...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Indoor environment quality and energy retrofits in low-income apartments: retrofit selection protocol Title Indoor environment quality and energy retrofits in low-income...

19

Revisiting the Income Effect: Gasoline Prices and Grocery Purchases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or Rent Gasoline and Motor Oil Income after taxes Number ofor Rent Gasoline and Motor Oil Income after taxes Number of

Gicheva, Dora; Hastings, Justine; Villas-Boas, Sofia B

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Integrating Photovoltaic Systems into Low-Income Housing Developments...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Financing Model and Low-Income Resident Job Training Program SEPTEMBER 2011 SOLAR ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM II Integrating PV Systems into Low-Income Housing...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Solar upgrading of low income housing  

SciTech Connect

The design, installation, training and operation experience of retrofitting solar devices (active and passive water heaters, Trombe walls, convective loop window units, etc.) on hundreds of low-income houses along the Southwest Border Region are summarized. The project demonstrates a wide variety of appropriate low-cost solar applications and provides prototypical models for the region's low-income inhabitants. Space heating and cooling systems and water heating systems have been combined with weatherization and conservation techniques. CETA employees, members of various community groups and youth groups, and employees of local non-profit organizations have been trained as installers, and low-income people have been educated in the operation and use of these solar devices. It is anticipated that this transfer of appropriate technology into the region will result in continued retrofitting of solar installations and in the stimulation of local industries, which will create employment opportunities for members of the low-income population.

Lumsdaine, E.; Farrer, R.; Callahan, D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Strongly exponential symmetric spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the exponential map of connected symmetric spaces and characterize, in terms of midpoints and of infinitesimal conditions, when it is a diffeomorphism, generalizing the Dixmier-Saito theorem for solvable Lie groups. We then give a geometric characterization of the (strongly) exponential solvable symmetric spaces as those spaces for which every triangle admits a unique double triangle. This work is motivated by Weinstein's quantization by groupoids program applied to symmetric spaces.

Yannick Voglaire

2013-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

23

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Income Tax Income Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Income Tax Credit A taxpayer that delivers pure, unblended biodiesel (B100) into the tank of a vehicle or uses B100 as an on-road fuel in their trade or business may be

24

Entrepreneurship and income inequality in southern Ethiopia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Apr 7, 2009 ... source of cash income for the local population. In ... followed over the years, enforced by tradition, by the socialist administration that was in power until .... index following a uniform percentage change in yk is .... hand, require access to markets and changes in the ..... tion of earnings in the United States.

25

Financial Incentives for Increasing Work and Income Among Low-Income Families  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

v j-i_ruCM Earnings + AFDC Earnings + Supplement 1 [ t 1—(—6a: Annual Income Under AFDC and CAP Single Parent With Two+ Food Stamps I Earnings + AFDC + Food Stamps $o I I I i I I

Blank, Rebecca M.; Card, David; Robins, Philip K.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Three essays on the impacts of income taxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three essays studying the impacts of income and wage taxes. Chapter One examines how income tax changes differentially affect the pre-tax wages of different industries based on the injury and ...

Powell, David Matthew, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tags Employment, labor force, Demographics, Income, Program Participation, AFDC, Food Stamps, SSI, Energy Assistance, Welfare, General Assistance, School Meals, Health...

28

Strong Lines of Mercury ( Hg )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Mercury (Hg) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. Select element by atomic number. ... Strong Lines of Mercury ( Hg ). ...

29

Strong Lines of Plutonium ( Pu )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Plutonium (Pu) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. Select element by atomic number. ... Strong Lines of Plutonium ( Pu ). ...

30

Strong Lines of Hydrogen ( H )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Hydrogen (H) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. Select element by atomic number. ... Strong Lines of Hydrogen ( H ). ...

31

Strong Lines of Tungsten ( W )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Tungsten (W) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. Select element by atomic number. ... Strong Lines of Tungsten ( W ). ...

32

Developing a Strong NABI Application Webinar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Developing a Strong NABI Application Webinar Developing a Strong NABI Application Webinar Developing a Strong NABI Application Webinar May 30, 2013 2:00PM EDT Webinar The Administration for Children and Families Office of Community Services (OCS) and Administration for Native Americans (ANA) invite you to participate in two pre-application webinars introducing the 2013 Native Asset Building Initiative (NABI) funding opportunity. During these webinars, you will learn: Details of the 2013 NABI funding opportunity, including application requirements and how to leverage additional funding Proven strategies to strengthen financial literacy and wealth creation among low-income Native populations How to design and manage a successful asset building project in a Native community. This webinar is the second of two webinars that offer guidance on how to

33

Empire District Electric - Low Income New Homes Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Empire District Electric - Low Income New Homes Program Empire District Electric - Low Income New Homes Program Empire District Electric - Low Income New Homes Program < Back Eligibility Construction Low-Income Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Total: $1,100 Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Insulation: full incremental cost above the appropriate baseline Heat Pumps: $400 Central AC: $400 Refrigerator: $200 Lighting: $100 Provider Empire District Electric Empire District Electric offers rebates for the utilization of energy efficient measures and appliances in new, low-income homes. Rebates are

34

Income Tax Capital Credit (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Income Tax Capital Credit (Alabama) Income Tax Capital Credit (Alabama) Income Tax Capital Credit (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Alabama Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive The purpose of this law is to create jobs and to stimulate business and economic growth in the state by providing an income tax capital credit for approved projects. The Income Tax Capital Credit is a credit of five percent (5%) of the capital costs of a qualifying project offered by the Alabama Department of Revenue. The credits is applied to the Alabama income tax liability or financial institution excise tax generated by the project income, each year for 20 years. This credit cannot be carried forward or

35

Strong  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fuerte fuerte Avanzar Volver Principal ESTOY PERDIDO!!! Sucede que algunas partículas (quarks y gluones) tienen un tipo de carga, que no es electromagnética, llamada carga de color. La fuerza entre partículas con cargas de color es muy fuerte y por eso se ganó el nombre de fuerza fuerte. Como esta fuerza mantiene unidos a los quarks para formar hadrones, sus partículas mediadoras son caprichosamente llamadas gluones por su éxito al "pegar" los quarks entre sí. Es importante notar que sólo los quarks y lo gluones tienen carga de color. Los hadrones (por ejemplo los protones y los neutrones) son de color neutro, igual que los leptones. Por esta razón, la fuerza fuerte sólo actúa al nivel realmente pequeño de las interacciones entre quarks. Avanzar Volver Aprenda más sobre la carga de color, y el por qué todas

36

WORKINGPAPER SERIES Number 150CAP AND DIVIDEND: HOW TO CURB GLOBAL WARMING WHILE PROTECTING THE INCOMES OF AMERICAN FAMILIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This essay examines the distributional effects of a “cap-and-dividend ” policy for reducing carbon emission in the United States: a policy that auctions carbon permits and rebates the revenue to the public on an equal per capita basis. The aim of the policy is to reduce U.S. emissions of carbon dioxide, the main pollutant causing global warming, while at the same time protecting the real incomes of middle-income and lower-income American families. The number of permits is set by a statutory cap on carbon emissions that gradually diminishes over time. The sale of carbon permits will generate very large revenues, posing the critical question of who will get the money. The introduction of carbon permits – or, for that matter, any policy to curb emissions – will raise prices of fossil fuels, Key words: Global warming; fossil fuels; climate change; carbon permits; cap-and-dividend; cap-and-auction; cap-and-trade. and have a regressive impact on income distribution, since fuel expenditures represent a larger fraction of income for lower-income households than for upper-income households. The net effect of carbon emission-reduction policies depends on who gets the money that households pay in higher prices. We find that a cap-and-dividend policy would have a strongly progressive net effect. Moreover, the majority of U.S. households would be net winners in purely monetary terms: that is, their real incomes, after paying higher fuel prices and receiving their dividends, would rise. From the standpoints of both distributional equity and political feasibility, a cap-and-dividend policy is therefore an attractive way to curb carbon emissions. s s

James K. Boyce; Matthew Riddle; James K. Boyce; Matthew Riddle

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Minnesota Energy Resources (Gas) - Low-Income New Construction Rebates |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Minnesota Energy Resources (Gas) - Low-Income New Construction Minnesota Energy Resources (Gas) - Low-Income New Construction Rebates Minnesota Energy Resources (Gas) - Low-Income New Construction Rebates < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Nonprofit Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Gas Furnace: 500 Integrated Space and Water Heating System: 900 Electronic Programmable Set-Back Thermostat: 100 Water Heater: 100 Drain Water Heat Recovery Device: 300 Provider Minnesota Energy Resources Minnesota Energy Resources is now offering rebates for non-profits servicing low-income communities. New construction organizations can take advantage of rebates for efficient technologies if the low-income homes are

38

Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AHPwES - Assisted Home Performance with ENERGY STAR AMI - Area Median Income APS - Arizona Public Service ARRA - American Reinvestment and Recovery Act ASEC - Annual Social and...

39

Approaches to Electric Utility Energy Efficiency for Low Income...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to Electric Utility Energy Efficiency for Low Income Customers in a Changing Regulatory Environment Jump to: navigation, search Name Approaches to Electric Utility Energy...

40

Income Tax Deduction for Energy Efficiency Upgrades (Idaho) ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facebook icon Twitter icon Income Tax Deduction for Energy Efficiency Upgrades (Idaho) This is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most recent. Jump...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Low-Income Loan Program for Energy Conservation Improvements...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

energy sources by offering low-interest loans to low- and moderate-income homeowners for repairs to existing homes. All renewable energy technologies are eligible. The...

42

Understanding the world wool market : trade, productivity and grower incomes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??[Truncated abstract] The core objective of this thesis is summarised by its title: “Understanding the World Wool Market: Trade, Productivity and Grower Incomes”. Thus, we… (more)

Verikios, George

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

California Solar Initiative - Low-Income Solar Water Heating...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) voted in October 2011 to create the California Solar Initiative (CSI) Thermal Low-Income program for single and multifamily residential...

44

Measurement and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency Programs in Brazil: Methodological Challenges Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Measurement and...

45

Income Tax Deduction for Energy Efficiency Upgrades | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1, 2002, qualify for an income tax deduction for 100% of the cost of installing new insulation or other approved energy efficiency improvements in an existing residence. Any...

46

Simulating strongly correlated electrons with a strongly interacting Fermi gas  

SciTech Connect

The quantum many-body physics of strongly-correlated fermions is studied in a degenerate, strongly- interacting atomic Fermi gas, first realized by our group with DOE support in 2002. This system, which exhibits strong spin pairing, is now widely studied and provides an important paradigm for testing predictions based on state-of-the-art many-body theory in fields ranging from nuclear matter to high temperature superfluidity and superconductivity. As the system is strongly interacting, both the superfluid and the normal fluid are nontrivial and of great interest. A central part of our program on Fermi gases is the connection between the study of thermodynamics, supported by DOE and the study of hydrodynamic transport, supported by NSF. This connection is especially interesting in view of a recent conjecture from the string theory community on the concept of nearly perfect normal fluids, which exhibit a minimum ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density in strongly-interacting, scale-invariant systems.

Thomas, John E. [North Carolina State University

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

47

ClassSTRONG: Classical simulations of Strong Field processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A set of Mathematica functions is presented to model classically two of the most important processes in strong field physics, namely high-order harmonic generation (HHG) and above-threshold ionization (ATI). Our approach is based on the numerical solution of the Newton-Lorentz equation of an electron moving on an electric field and takes advantage of the symbolic languages features and graphical power of Mathematica. Similarly as in the Strong Field Approximation (SFA), the effects of atomic potential on the motion of electron in the laser field are neglected. The SFA has proven to be an essential tool in strong field physics in the sense that it is able to predict with great precision the harmonic (in the HHG) and energy (in the ATI) limits. We have extended substantially the conventional classical simulations, where the electric field is only dependent on time, including spatial nonhomogeneous fields and spatial and temporal synthesized fields. Spatial nonhomogeneous fields appear when metal nanosystems int...

Ciappina, M F; Lewenstein, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

INCOMING DOCUMENT CONTROL FORM DOCUMENT DESCRIPTION ORGANIZATIO  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

INCOMING DOCUMENT CONTROL FORM DOCUMENT DESCRIPTION ORGANIZATIO )ATE COMPLETED: ACTION NUMBER: I ! I I DOCUMENT CONTROL DATE INITIALS DATA BASE: ACTION LOG: FILED: To : Doug Tonkay, OTS Decen From: MIchele Landis, dRW Subject: Draft report ~ Result= of the Radiologic; Former Ore Storage Site, Palmerton, Pennsylvania Attached is one copy of the draft report. PIE provide your comments to me by January 16, 1990. tlichele Landis ,9, 1989 "ey at the review and Results of the Radiological SJrvey at the Former Ore S&age Site, Palmerton, PennsylvLnia (PPOOI) J. L Quikd J. W. Cdchdr W. D. &rei ! I : HEALTH AND t5UEI-Y RESEARCH DMSi Waste Management Research and Development Prc (Activity No. AH 10 05 00 0; NEAHOOl) RESULTS OF 'I-HE RADIOLOGICAL SURV

49

Income Growth, Energy Consumption and Carbon Emissions in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper examines the long-run relationship between per capita income growth, energy consumption, and pollutant emissions in China during the period 1953–2004. We find that energy consumption, pollutant emissions and income are cointegrated in ... Keywords: Energy consumption, Pollutant emissions, Causality, Multivariate cointegration, China

Zhi Zhao; Jiahai Yuan

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Residential Renewable Energy Income Tax Credit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Income Tax Credit Renewable Energy Income Tax Credit Residential Renewable Energy Income Tax Credit < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate 1,000 Program Info Start Date 1979 State Massachusetts Program Type Personal Tax Credit Rebate Amount 15% Provider Massachusetts Department of Revenue Massachusetts allows a 15% credit -- up to $1,000 -- against the state income tax for the net expenditure* of a renewable-energy system (including installation costs) installed on an individual's primary residence. If the credit amount is greater than a resident's income tax liability, the excess credit amount may be carried forward to the next succeeding year for

51

Strong planning under partial observability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rarely planning domains are fully observable. For this reason, the ability to deal with partial observability is one of the most important challenges in planning. In this paper, we tackle the problem of strong planning under partial observability in ... Keywords: Binary decision diagrams, Heuristic search in belief space, Planning in nondeterministic domains, Planning under partial observability, Symbolic model checking

Piergiorgio Bertoli; Alessandro Cimatti; Marco Roveri; Paolo Traverso

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Strong-strong beam-beam simulation on parallel computer  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The beam-beam interaction puts a strong limit on the luminosity of the high energy storage ring colliders. At the interaction points, the electromagnetic fields generated by one beam focus or defocus the opposite beam. This can cause beam blowup and a reduction of luminosity. An accurate simulation of the beam-beam interaction is needed to help optimize the luminosity in high energy colliders.

Qiang, Ji

2004-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

53

Strongly interacting parton matter equilibration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the kinetic and chemical equilibration in 'infinite' parton matter within the Parton-Hadron-String Dynamics transport approach. The 'infinite' matter is simulated within a cubic box with periodic boundary conditions initialized at different energy densities. Particle abundances, kinetic energy distributions, and the detailed balance of the off-shell quarks and gluons in the strongly-interacting quarkgluon plasma are addressed and discussed.

Ozvenchuk, V., E-mail: ozvenchuk@fias.uni-frankfurt.de [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (Germany); Linnyk, O. [Goethe-Universitaet, Institut fuer Theoretische Physik (Germany); Bratkovskaya, E. [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (Germany); Gorenstein, M. [NAS Ukraine, Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics (Ukraine); Cassing, W. [Justus-Liebig Universitaet, Institut fuer Theoretische Physik (Germany)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

54

Weatherizing the Homes of Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program Clients: A Programmatic Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this project was to assess the relationships between two federal programs that support low income households, the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) and the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP). The specific question addressed by this research is: what impact does weatherizing homes of LIHEAP recipients have on the level of need for LIHEAP assistance? The a priori expectation is that the level of need will decrease. If this is the case, then it can be argued that a non-energy benefit of WAP is the reduction in the level of need for LIHEAP assistance for households receiving weatherization assistance. The study area for this project was Boston, Massachusetts, which is representative of large northern urban areas. Additionally, Boston was chosen because one of its social service agencies, Action for Boston Community Development (ABCD), administers both WAP and LIHEAP programs. ABCD has a substantial client base of low-income households and was willing to cooperate in this study. In the State of Massachusetts, an income test is used to determine whether low-income households qualify for standard LIHEAP benefits. Benefits provided to eligible households are determined by a schedule that gauges benefit levels based on household income and number of members in the household. Additionally, households that consume large amounts of primary heating fuel can also qualify an additional high energy subsidy. It was expected that weatherization's biggest influence on the LIHEAP program would be in reducing the number of households qualifying for high energy subsidies. Data were collected for three groups of households that received both weatherization and LIHEAP assistance and for one control group that only received LIHEAP assistance. Table ES-1 indicates the sample sizes, weatherization dates, and winter time periods when changes in energy consumption and receipt of LIHEAP benefits could be expected to be observed. The reason why there is a lag of one year when weatherization impacts upon LIHEAP benefits might be observed is that LIHEAP benefits--specifically high energy benefits--are based on the previous year's primary heat fuel bills.

Tonn, B.

2002-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

55

Measurement and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency Programs in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Measurement and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency Programs in Measurement and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency Programs in Brazil: Methodological Challenges Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Measurement and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency Programs in Brazil: Methodological Challenges Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Socio-Economic Website: www.eceee.org/conference_proceedings/eceee/2009/Panel_3/3.049/ Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/measurement-and-verification-low-inco Language: English Policies: "Regulations,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. Regulations: Feebates This report presents results from Brazilian electric utilities evaluation

56

Income Tax Credits Program (Arkansas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Income Tax Credits Program (Arkansas) Income Tax Credits Program (Arkansas) Income Tax Credits Program (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Personal Tax Incentives Corporate Tax Incentive Rebate Program Provider Department of Economic Develoment There are multiple tax credit programs for businesses new to Arkansas. Additionally, there are investment tax credit programs, job creation incentives, discretionary incentives, and targeted business incentives,

57

Nonlinear spin relaxation in strongly nonequilibrium magnets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A general theory is developed for describing the nonlinear relaxation of spin systems from a strongly nonequilibrium initial state, when, in addition, the sample is coupled to a resonator. Such processes are characterized by nonlinear stochastic differential equations. This makes these strongly nonequilibrium processes principally different from the spin relaxation close to an equilibrium state, which is represented by linear differential equations. The consideration is based on a realistic microscopic Hamiltonian including the Zeeman terms, dipole interactions, exchange interactions, and a single-site anisotropy. The influence of cross correlations between several spin species is investigated. The critically important function of coupling between the spin system and a resonant electric circuit is emphasized. The role of all main relaxation rates is analyzed. The phenomenon of self-organization of transition coherence in spin motion, from the quantum chaotic stage of incoherent fluctuations, is thoroughly described. Local spin fluctuations are found to be the triggering cause for starting the spin relaxation from an incoherent nonequilibrium state. The basic regimes of collective coherent spin relaxation are studied.

V. I. Yukalov

2005-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

58

Domestic Hot Water Consumption in Four Low-Income Apartment Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Domestic Hot Water Consumption in Four Low-Income Apartment Buildings Title Domestic Hot Water Consumption in Four Low-Income Apartment Buildings Publication Type Conference...

59

The Farmer's Conundrum: Income from Biofuels or Protect the Soil? |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Farmer's Conundrum: Income from Biofuels or Protect the Soil? The Farmer's Conundrum: Income from Biofuels or Protect the Soil? The Farmer's Conundrum: Income from Biofuels or Protect the Soil? July 1, 2010 - 11:39am Addthis Lindsay Gsell After a harvest is over, crops can be sold, shipped, canned or consumed. But what happens to the parts of the crops that are inedible-the corn stover, stalks or cobs? Selling crop residues for bioenergy could provide farmers with an extra source of income. Yet, leaving some residue on the fields helps reduce soil erosion and maintain healthy levels of soil carbon and other nutrients. So how can land managers find this balance? Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is developing the Residue Removal Tool -- new software designed to simulate sustainability criteria -- to help find this balance of what to remove and what to leave behind. The software will

60

Income and Health Spending: Evidence from Oil Price Shocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health expenditures as a share of GDP in the United States have more than tripled over the past half-century. A common conjecture is that this is a consequence of rising income. We investigate this hypothesis by instrumenting ...

Acemoglu, Daron

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

EmPOWER Maryland Low Income Energy Efficiency Program (Maryland) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EmPOWER Maryland Low Income Energy Efficiency Program (Maryland) EmPOWER Maryland Low Income Energy Efficiency Program (Maryland) EmPOWER Maryland Low Income Energy Efficiency Program (Maryland) < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Program Info Funding Source EmPOWER Maryland State Maryland Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Direct installation, no cost to the recipient Provider Maryland Department of Housing and Community Development Note: The eligible technologies listed above are only examples of some improvements that might be supported under this program as detailed on the program web site. Not all potentially eligible improvements will be

62

Weatherization Assistance for Low-Income Persons: Maintaining the Privacy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Assistance for Low-Income Persons: Maintaining the Weatherization Assistance for Low-Income Persons: Maintaining the Privacy of Applicants for and Recipients of Services Weatherization Assistance for Low-Income Persons: Maintaining the Privacy of Applicants for and Recipients of Services Amending regulations to require all States and other service providers that participate in the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) to treat all requests for information concerning applicants and recipients of WAP funds in a manner consistent with the Federal government's treatment of information requested under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), 5 U.S.C. 552, including the privacy protections contained in Exemption (b)(6) of the FOIA, 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(6). Weatherization Assistance for Low-Income Persons: Maintaining the Privacy

63

Xcel Energy - Residential and Low Income Home Energy Service | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Xcel Energy - Residential and Low Income Home Energy Service Xcel Energy - Residential and Low Income Home Energy Service Xcel Energy - Residential and Low Income Home Energy Service < Back Eligibility Installer/Contractor Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info Start Date 1/1/2011 Expiration Date 12/31/2012 State New Mexico Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Evaporative Cooling: $200-$1000/unit Saver's Switch A/C Cycling: $20/ton of enrolled air conditioning Refrigerator Recycling: $75 CFLs: $1/bulb LED's: $10/bulb

64

Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ES2 Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle-Miles Traveled, Consumer Price Index (CPI-U), and Real Average Retail Gasoline Price, 1978-2004, 1985100...

65

Quantum solitons at strong coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the effect of one loop quantum corrections on the formation of nontopological solitons in a strongly coupled scalar-fermionic Yukawa theory. The exact one fermion loop contribution is incorporated by using a nonlocal method to correct the local derivative expansion approximation (DE) of the effective action. As the Yukawa coupling is increased we find that the nonlocal corrections play an increasingly important role. The corrections cause the scalar field to increase in depth while maintaining its size. This increases the energy of the bag configuration, but this is compensated for by more tightly bound fermionic states with lower energy. In contrast to the semi-classical picture without quantum corrections, the binding energy is small, and the total energy scales directly with the Yukawa coupling. This confirms the qualitative behavior found in earlier work using the second order DE, although the quantitative solutions differ.

Stewart, I W; Stewart, Iain W.; Blunden, Peter G.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

High energy neutrino absorption by W production in a strong magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An influence of a strong external magnetic field on the neutrino self-energy operator is investigated. The width of the neutrino decay into the electron and W boson, and the mean free path of an ultra-high energy neutrino in a strong magnetic field are calculated. A kind of energy cutoff for neutrinos propagating in a strong field is defined.

Kuznetsov, A V; Serghienko, A V

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

High energy neutrino absorption by W production in a strong magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An influence of a strong external magnetic field on the neutrino self-energy operator is investigated. The width of the neutrino decay into the electron and W boson, and the mean free path of an ultra-high energy neutrino in a strong magnetic field are calculated. A kind of energy cutoff for neutrinos propagating in a strong field is defined.

A. V. Kuznetsov; N. V. Mikheev; A. V. Serghienko

2010-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

68

Probability Densities in Strong Turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to modern developments in turbulence theory, the "dissipation" scales (u.v. cut-offs) $\\eta$ form a random field related to velocity increments $\\delta_{\\eta}u$. In this work we, using Mellin's transform combined with the Gaussain large -scale boundary condition, calculate probability densities (PDFs) of velocity increments $P(\\delta_{r}u,r)$ and the PDF of the dissipation scales $Q(\\eta, Re)$, where $Re$ is the large-scale Reynolds number. The resulting expressions strongly deviate from the Log-normal PDF $P_{L}(\\delta_{r}u,r)$ often quoted in the literature. It is shown that the probability density of the small-scale velocity fluctuations includes information about the large (integral) scale dynamics which is responsible for deviation of $P(\\delta_{r}u,r)$ from $P_{L}(\\delta_{r}u,r)$. A framework for evaluation of the PDFs of various turbulence characteristics involving spatial derivatives is developed. The exact relation, free of spurious Logarithms recently discussed in Frisch et al (J. Fluid Mech. {\\bf 542}, 97 (2005)), for the multifractal probability density of velocity increments, not based on the steepest descent evaluation of the integrals is obtained and the calculated function $D(h)$ is close to experimental data. A novel derivation (Polyakov, 2005), of a well-known result of the multi-fractal theory [Frisch, "Turbulence. {\\it Legacy of A.N.Kolmogorov}", Cambridge University Press, 1995)), based on the concepts described in this paper, is also presented.

Victor Yakhot

2005-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

69

Strong curvature effects in Neumann wave problems  

SciTech Connect

Waveguide phenomena play a major role in basic sciences and engineering. The Helmholtz equation is the governing equation for the electric field in electromagnetic wave propagation and the acoustic pressure in the study of pressure dynamics. The Schroedinger equation simplifies to the Helmholtz equation for a quantum-mechanical particle confined by infinite barriers relevant in semiconductor physics. With this in mind and the interest to tailor waveguides towards a desired spectrum and modal pattern structure in classical structures and nanostructures, it becomes increasingly important to understand the influence of curvature effects in waveguides. In this work, we demonstrate analytically strong curvature effects for the eigenvalue spectrum of the Helmholtz equation with Neumann boundary conditions in cases where the waveguide cross section is a circular sector. It is found that the linear-in-curvature contribution originates from parity symmetry breaking of eigenstates in circular-sector tori and hence vanishes in a torus with a complete circular cross section. The same strong curvature effect is not present in waveguides subject to Dirichlet boundary conditions where curvature contributions contribute to second-order in the curvature only. We demonstrate this finding by considering wave propagation in a circular-sector torus corresponding to Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions, respectively. Results for relative eigenfrequency shifts and modes are determined and compared with three-dimensional finite element method results. Good agreement is found between the present analytical method using a combination of differential geometry with perturbation theory and finite element results for a large range of curvature ratios.

Willatzen, M.; Pors, A. [Mads Clausen Institute, University of Southern Denmark, Alsion 2, DK-6400 Sonderborg (Denmark); Gravesen, J. [Department of Mathematics, Technical University of Denmark, Matematiktorvet, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

ITL's TREC 2002 Draws Strong International Participation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ITL's Annual Information Retrieval Conference Draws Strong International Participation. The Information Access Division ...

71

Partially Ionized Atmospheres of Neutron Stars with Strong Magnetic Fields  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We construct hydrogen atmosphere models for strongly magnetized neutron stars in thermodynamic equilibrium, taking into account partial ionization. The presence of bound states affects the equation of state, absorption coefficients, and polarizability tensor of a strongly magnetized plasma. Therefore the partial ionization influences the polarization vectors and opacities of normal electromagnetic waves, and thus the spectra of outgoing radiation. Here we review a model suitable for the most typical neutron-star atmospheres and focus on the problems that remain to be solved for its extension to other atmospheric parameters.

Potekhin, A.

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

72

Approaches to Electric Utility Energy Efficiency for Low Income Customers  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Approaches to Electric Utility Energy Efficiency for Low Income Customers Approaches to Electric Utility Energy Efficiency for Low Income Customers in a Changing Regulatory Environment Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Approaches to Electric Utility Energy Efficiency for Low Income Customers in a Changing Regulatory Environment Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: www.ornl.gov/~webworks/cppr/y2001/misc/99601.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/approaches-electric-utility-energy-ef Language: English Policies: "Regulations,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. Regulations: Feebates This report, written for members of the Weatherization Assistance Program

73

Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households Title Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2011 Authors Zimring, Mark, Merrian Borgeson, Ian M. Hoffman, Charles A. Goldman, Elizabeth Stuart, Annika Todd, and Megan A. Billingsley Pagination 102 Date Published 12/2011 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract The question posed in this report is: How can programs motivate these middle income single family households to seek out more comprehensive energy upgrades, and empower them to do so? Research methods included interviews with more than 35 program administrators, policy makers, researchers, and other experts; case studies of programs, based on interviews with staff and a review of program materials and data; and analysis of relevant data sources and existing research on demographics, the financial status of Americans, and the characteristics of middle income American households. While there is no 'silver bullet' to help these households overcome the range of barriers they face, this report describes outreach strategies, innovative program designs, and financing tools that show promise in increasing the attractiveness and accessibility of energy efficiency for this group. These strategies and tools should be seen as models that are currently being honed to build our knowledge and capacity to deliver energy improvements to middle income households. However, the strategies described in this report are probably not sufficient, in the absence of robust policy frameworks, to deliver these improvements at scale. Instead, these strategies must be paired with enabling and complementary policies to reach their full potential.

74

Utility investments in low-income-energy-efficiency programs  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study is to describe the energy-efficiency programs being operated by utilities for low-income customers. The study focuses, in particular, on programs that install major residential weatherization measures free-of-charge to low-income households. A survey was mailed to a targeted list of 600 utility program managers. Follow-up telephone calls were made to key non- respondents, and a random sample of other non-respondents also was contacted. Completed surveys were received from 180 utilities, 95 of which provided information on one or more of their 1992 low-income energy-efficiency programs for a total of 132 individual programs. These 132 utility programs spent a total of $140.6 million in 1992. This represents 27% of the total program resources available to weatherize the dwellings of low-income households in that year. Both the total funding and the number of programs has grown by 29% since 1989. A majority of the 132 programs are concentrated in a few regions of the country (California, the Pacific Northwest, the Upper Midwest, and the Northeast). Although a majority of the programs are funded by electric utilities, gas utilities have a significantly greater average expenditure per participant ($864 vs. $307 per participant). The most common primary goal of low-income energy-efficiency programs operating in 1992 was {open_quotes}to make energy services more affordable to low-income customers{close_quotes}. Only 44% of the programs were operated primarily to provide a cost-effective energy resource. Based on a review of household and measure selection criteria, equity and not the efficiency of resource acquisition appears to dominate the design of these programs.

Brown, M.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Beyer, M.A. [Aspen Systems Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Eisenberg, J.; Power, M. [Economic Opportunity Research Institute, Washington, DC (United States); Lapsa, E.J. [Manhattan Data Systems, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Household Energy Expenditure and Income Groups: Evidence from Great Britain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

  and  0.024  for  district heating However, as income is not observed its effect cannot be analysed.  Wu et al. (2004) examine the demand for space heating in Armenia, Moldova, and  Kyrgyz  Republic  using  household  survey  data.  In  these  countries...  and in some regions incomes are not sufficient to  afford space heating from district heating systems making these systems unviable.  We  analyse  electricity,  gas  and  overall  energy  spending  for  a  large  sample  of  households  in  Great  Britain.  We  discern  inflection  points  and  discuss...

Jamasb, Tooraj; Meier, H

76

Oil Prices, External Income, and Growth: Lessons from Jordan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper extends the long-run growth model of Esfahani et al. (2012a) to a labour exporting country that receives large in‡ows of external income – the sum of remittances, FDI and general government transfers – from major oil exporting economies. The theoretical model predicts real oil prices to be one of the main long-run drivers of real output. Using quarterly data between 1979 and 2009 on core macroeconomic variables for Jordan and a number of key foreign variables, we identify two long-run relationships: an output equation as predicted by theory and an equation linking foreign and domestic in‡ation rates. It is shown that real output in the long run is shaped by (i) oil prices through their impact on external income and in turn on capital accumulation, and (ii) technological transfers through foreign output. The empirical analysis of the paper con…rms the hypothesis that a large share of Jordan’s output volatility can be associated with ‡uctuations in net income received from abroad (arising from oil price shocks). External factors, however, cannot be relied upon to provide similar growth stimuli in the future, and therefore it will be important to diversify the sources of growth in order to achieve a high and sustained level of income.

Kamiar Mohaddes A; Mehdi Raissi B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Controlling incoming connections using certificates and distributed hash tables  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current architecture of the Internet where anyone can send anything to anybody presents many problems. The recipient of the connection might be using a mobile access network and thus unwanted incoming connections could produce a high cost to the ... Keywords: DoS countermeasures, certificates, rights delegation, rights management, session management

Dmitrij Lagutin; Hannu H. Kari

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

The Influence of Vegetation on the Development and Structure of Mountain Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of vegetative cover on the development of mountain waves is analyzed using a two-dimensional meso-? model. The model includes a detailed representation of surface fluxes and friction that evolve in time as the incoming solar ...

Romualdo Romero; Sergio Alonso; Everett C. Nickerson; Clemente Ramis

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Articulating and Stationary PARSIVEL Disdrometer Measurements in Conditions with Strong Winds and Heavy Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of strong winds on the quality of optical PARticle SIze VELocity (PARSIVEL) disdrometer measurements is examined with data from Hurricane Ike in 2008 and from convective thunderstorms observed during the second Verification of the ...

Katja Friedrich; Stephanie Higgins; Forrest J. Masters; Carlos R. Lopez

80

Articulating and Stationary PARSIVEL Disdrometer Measurements in Conditions with Strong Winds and Heavy Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of strong winds on the quality of optical Particle Size Velocity (PARSIVEL) disdrometer measurements is examined with data from Hurricane Ike in 2008 and from convective thunderstorms observed during the second Verification of the ...

Katja Friedrich; Stephanie Higgins; Forrest J. Masters; Carlos R. Lopez

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Juanita's Money Order: Income Effects on Human Capital Investment in Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Desarrollo Social Juanita’s Money Order: Income Effects onAvellaneda, 2005. Juanita’s Money Order: Income E?ects on13 Vice expenditures include money spent on alcohol and

Suarez, Juan Carlos; Avellaneda, Zenide

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

"Shelter within my reach" : medium rise apartment housing for the middle income group in Karachi, Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis identifies the project development processes of medium rise (five storied or less) apartment housing built by the private formal sector, catering to the middle income groups in Karachi, Pakistan. Middle income ...

Mahmood, Saman, 1972-

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

55,"Aberdeen City of",5,1,482619,"Taxes Other Than Income Taxes...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Services to Municipality or Other Government Units (line 14, less line 19)" 13523,"Newberry City of",5,1,0,"Taxes Other Than Income Taxes, Operating Income (408.1)"...

84

55,"Aberdeen City of",5,1,479437,"Taxes Other Than Income Taxes...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Services to Municipality or Other Government Units (line 14, less line 19)" 13523,"Newberry City of",5,1,0,"Taxes Other Than Income Taxes, Operating Income (408.1)"...

85

Department of Energy Provides Nearly $88 Million to Low-Income...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

spend 5 percent of their income on paying energy bills, but for lower-income households the costs average 16 percent. These costs can include anything from heating and...

86

Department of Energy Provides Nearly $112 Million to Low-Income...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

spend five percent of their income on paying energy bills, but for lower-income households the costs average 16 percent. These costs can include anything from heating and...

87

Energy Department Provides $140.3 Million to Low-Income Families...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

spend 3.5 percent of their income on paying energy bills, but for lower-income households the costs average 14 percent. These costs can include anything from heating and...

88

Heating Oil Imports Strong in 2001  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Notes: Although total distillate imports have been unusually strong this winter, heating oil (high-sulfur distillate) imports have grown by a proportionately greater amount. As...

89

Asymptotically almost all -terms are strongly normalizing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymptotically almost all -terms are strongly normalizing Ren´e David, Christophe Raffalli) properties of random -terms. Our main results show that asymptotically, almost all terms are strongly normalizing and that any fixed closed term almost never appears in a random term. Surprisingly, in combinatory

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

90

Asymptotically almost all -terms are strongly normalizing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymptotically almost all -terms are strongly normalizing Ren´e David, Christophe Raffalli) properties of random -terms. Our main results are that asymptotically all the terms are strongly normalizing and that any fixed closed term almost never appears in a random term. Surprisingly, in combinatory logic (the

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

91

Strong Analytic Controllability for Hydrogen Control Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The realization and representation of so(4,2) associated with the hydrogen atom Hamiltonian are derived. By choosing operators from the realization of so(4,2) as interacting Hamiltonians, a hydrogen atom control system is constructed, and it is proved that this control system is strongly analytically controllable based on a time-dependent strong analytic controllability theorem.

Chunhua Lan; Tzyh-Jong Tarn; Quo-Shin Chi; John W. Clark

2004-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

92

NSLS II: Strongly Correlated Electron Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Strongly Correlated Electron Systems Strongly Correlated Electron Systems Understanding the electronic behavior of strongly correlated electron systems is one of the most important problems in condensed matter physics - one that is driving a revolution in the study of solids that behave like Fermi liquids. These solids have electronic degrees of freedom that produce exotic properties. For example, in materials with poor screening properties, such as the doped transition metal oxides, the interaction energy between valence electrons can overwhelm their kinetic energy, causing a strongly coupled many-body ground state. As a result of this strong electron correlation, these materials display a range of useful behaviors, including high-temperature superconductivity, colossal magnetoresistance, and an extreme sensitivity to external perturbations. An example is shown in the figure.

93

California Solar Initiative - Low-Income Solar Water Heating Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » California Solar Initiative - Low-Income Solar Water Heating Rebate Program California Solar Initiative - Low-Income Solar Water Heating Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Maximum Rebate Single-Family Low-Income: $3,750 Multi-Family Low-Income: $500,000 Program Info Funding Source Ratepayer Funds Start Date 3/29/2012 State California Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Step 1 Incentive Rates (contact utility to determine current incentive levels): Single-Family Low-Income: $25.64 per therm displaced Multi-Family Low-Income: $19.23 per therm displaced The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) voted in October 2011 to

94

Income distribution impacts of climate change mitigation policy in the Susquehanna River Basin Economy  

SciTech Connect

We examine the cost-side income distribution impacts of a carbon tax in the Susquehanna River Basin (SRB) Region of the United States utilizing a computable general equilibrium model. We find the aggregate impacts of a $25/ton carbon tax on the SRB economy are likely to be negative but modest-an approximately one-third of 1% reduction in Gross Regional Product (GRP) in the short-run and double that amount in the long-run. However, unlike many previous studies, we find that the carbon tax is mildly progressive as measured by income bracket changes, per capita equivalent variation, and Gini coefficient changes based on expenditure patterns. The dominant factors affecting the distributional impacts are the pattern of output, income and consumption impacts that affect lower income groups relatively less than higher income ones, an increase in transfer payments favoring lower income groups, and decreased corporate profits absorbed primarily by higher income groups.

Oladosu, Gbadebo A [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Heat conduction in 2D strongly-coupled dusty plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform non-equilibrium simulations to study heat conduction in two-dimensional strongly coupled dusty plasmas. Temperature gradients are established by heating one part of the otherwise equilibrium system to a higher temperature. Heat conductivity is measured directly from the stationary temperature profile and heat flux. Particular attention is paid to the influence of damping effect on the heat conduction. It is found that the heat conductivity increases with the decrease of the damping rate, while its magnitude confirms previous experimental measurement.

Hou, Lu-Jing

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Strong coupling analysis of diquark condensation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phenomenon of diquark condensation at non-zero baryon density and zero temperature is analyzed in the strong coupling limit of lattice QCD. The results indicate that there is attraction in the quark-quark channel also at strong coupling, and that the attraction is more effective at high baryon density, but for infinite coupling it is not enough to produce diquark condensation. It is argued that the absence of diquark condensation is not a peculiarity of the strong coupling limit, but persists at sufficiently large finite couplings.

Vicente Azcoiti; Giuseppe Di Carlo; Angelo Galante; Victor Laliena

2004-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

97

David J. Gross and the Strong Force  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

David J. Gross and the Strong Force David J. Gross and the Strong Force Resources with Additional Information The 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to David Gross for "the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction". 'Gross, who obtained his PhD in physics in 1966, currently is a professor of physics and director of the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics at UC Santa Barbara. ... David Gross Courtesy of UC Santa Barbara [When on the faculty at Princeton University,] he and then-graduate student Frank Wilczek came up with a way to describe the "strong force" that governs interactions between protons and neutrons in the nucleus of the atom. He and Wilczek published their proposal simultaneously with H. David Politzer, a graduate student [at Harvard University] who independently came up with the same idea. ...

98

Frank Wilczek, Asymptotic Freedom, and Strong Interaction  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Frank Wilczek, Asymptotic Freedom, and Strong Interaction Frank Wilczek, Asymptotic Freedom, and Strong Interaction Resources with Additional Information H. David Politzer Photo Credit: Donna Coveney, MIT Frank Wilczek, a winner of the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics "for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction", has had multiple connections with Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). These include his being the Leland J. Haworth Distinguished Scientist from 1994 - 1997. Wilczek shares the Nobel prize with David J. Gross and H. David Politzer. "Asymptotic freedom is a phenomenon whereby quarks behave as free particles when they are close together, but become more strongly attracted to each other as the distance between them increases. This theory forms the key to the interpretation of almost all experimental studies involving modern particle accelerators."

99

Quark matter conductivity in strong magnetic background  

SciTech Connect

Applying the ideas and methods of condensed matter physics we calculate the quantum conductivity of quark matter in magnetic field. In strong field quantum conductivity is proportional to the square root of the field.

Kerbikov, B. O., E-mail: borisk@itep.ru [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

100

Electronic spectra of strongly modulated aperiodic structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the tight-binding Hamiltonian on strongly modulated aperiodic chains (e.g., quasiperiodic, self-similar, random). The site energies are distributed according to a given binary sequence ([ital V][sub [ital n

Barache, D. (Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Mathematique, Universite Paris 7, Denis Diderot, 2 place Jussieu, 75251 Paris Cedex 05 (France)); Luck, J.M. (Service de Physique Theorique, Centre d'Etudes de Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France))

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Strong Turbulence in the Wave Crest Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-resolution vertical velocity profiles in the surface layer of a lake reveal the turbulence structure beneath strongly forced waves. Dissipation rates of turbulence kinetic energy are estimated based on centered second-order structure ...

Johannes Gemmrich

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Probes of strong-field gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I investigate several ways to probe gravity in the strong-field regime. These investigations focus on observables from the gravitational dynamics, i.e. when time derivatives are large: thus I focus on sources ...

Stein, Leo Chaim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Power transfer through strongly coupled resonances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using self-resonant coils in a strongly coupled regime, we experimentally demonstrate efficient non-radiative power transfer over distances of up to eight times the radius of the coils. We use this system to transfer 60W ...

Kurs, André

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Strong ties in a small world  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the celebrated ‘Strength of weak ties ’ theory of Granovetter (1973). We examine two hypotheses implied by the theory: one, for any three players with two links present, the probability of a third link being present is increasing in the strength of the two ties, and two, the removal of a weak tie breaks more shortest paths than the removal of a strong tie. This paper tests these hypotheses using data on coauthorship among economists. Our data supports the hypothesis of transitivity of strong ties, but it rejects the hypothesis that weak ties are more crucial than strong ties. We then propose an explanation for the strength of strong ties which builds on two properties of the network: one, significant inequality in the distribution of connections across individuals and, two, stronger ties among highly connected individuals.

Willemien Kets; Marcel Fafchamps; Alan Kirman; Michael Kosfeld; Richard Paap; Werner Raub

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Nuclear physics from strong coupling QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The strong coupling limit (beta_gauge = 0) of QCD offers a number of remarkable research possibilities, of course at the price of large lattice artifacts. Here, we determine the complete phase diagram as a function of temperature T and baryon chemical potential mu_B, for one flavor of staggered fermions in the chiral limit, with emphasis on the determination of a tricritical point and on the T ~ 0 transition to nuclear matter. The latter is known to happen for mu_B substantially below the baryon mass, indicating strong nuclear interactions in QCD at infinite gauge coupling. This leads us to studying the properties of nuclear matter from first principles. We determine the nucleon-nucleon potential in the strong coupling limit, as well as masses m_A of nuclei as a function of their atomic number A. Finally, we clarify the origin of nuclear interactions at strong coupling, which turns out to be a steric effect.

Michael Fromm; Philippe de Forcrand

2009-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

106

Climatology of Strong Intermountain Cold Fronts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by the intensity and severity of winds and temperature falls that frequently accompany rapidly developing cold fronts in northern Utah, this paper presents a 25-yr climatology of strong cold frontal passages over the Intermountain West ...

Jason C. Shafer; W. James Steenburgh

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Evaluating the income and employment impacts of gas cooling technologies  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is to estimate the potential employment and income benefits of the emerging market for gas cooling products. The emphasis here is on exports because that is the major opportunity for the U.S. heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) industry. But domestic markets are also important and considered here because without a significant domestic market, it is unlikely that the plant investments, jobs, and income associated with gas cooling exports would be retained within the United States. The prospects for significant gas cooling exports appear promising for a variety of reasons. There is an expanding need for cooling in the developing world, natural gas is widely available, electric infrastructures are over-stressed in many areas, and the cost of building new gas infrastructure is modest compared to the cost of new electric infrastructure. Global gas cooling competition is currently limited, with Japanese and U.S. companies, and their foreign business partners, the only product sources. U.S. manufacturers of HVAC products are well positioned to compete globally, and are already one of the faster growing goods-exporting sectors of the U.S. economy. Net HVAC exports grew by over 800 percent from 1987 to 1992 and currently exceed $2.6 billion annually (ARI 1994). Net gas cooling job and income creation are estimated using an economic input-output model to compare a reference case to a gas cooling scenario. The reference case reflects current policies, practices, and trends with respect to conventional electric cooling technologies. The gas cooling scenario examines the impact of accelerated use of natural gas cooling technologies here and abroad.

Hughes, P.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Laitner, S.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Low Impact, Affordable, Low Income Houses for Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses an effort to develop low impact, affordable, low income houses for Mexico. Low impact houses are defined as houses with energy and water needs that are substantially reduced below levels corresponding to code compliance. This paper includes an analysis of the population and energy consumption of the different climate regions in Mexico (Hot-Dry Deserts, Great Plains, Mediterranean, Semi-Arid, Temperate, Hot-Dry Jungles and Hot-Humid Jungles) versus the USA and concludes with advice on an approach for low impact housing.

Alcocer, J. L. B.; Haberl, J. S.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

T.: Numerical sequence extraction in handwritten incoming mail documents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this communication, we propose a method for the automatic extraction of numerical fields in handwritten documents. The approach exploits the known syntactic structure of the numerical field to extract, combined with a set of contextual morphological features to find the best label to each connected component. Applying an HMM based syntactic analyzer on the overall document allows to localize/extract fields of interest. Reported results on the extraction of zip codes, phone numbers and customer codes from handwritten incoming mail documents demonstrate the interest of the proposed approach. 1.

G. Koch; L. Heutte; T. Paquet

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Neutrino Propagation in a Strongly Magnetized Medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive general expressions at the one-loop level for the coefficients of the covariant structure of the neutrino self-energy in the presence of a constant magnetic field. The neutrino energy spectrum and index of refraction are obtained for neutral and charged media in the strong-field limit ($M_{W}\\gg \\sqrt{B}\\gg m_{e},T,\\mu ,| \\mathbf{p}| $) using the lowest Landau level approximation. The results found within the lowest Landau level approximation are numerically validated, summing in all Landau levels, for strong $B\\gg T^{2}$ and weakly-strong $B \\gtrsim T^{2}$ fields. The neutrino energy in leading order of the Fermi coupling constant is expressed as the sum of three terms: a kinetic-energy term, a term of interaction between the magnetic field and an induced neutrino magnetic moment, and a rest-energy term. The leading radiative correction to the kinetic-energy term depends linearly on the magnetic field strength and is independent of the chemical potential. The other two terms are only present in a charged medium. For strong and weakly-strong fields, it is found that the field-dependent correction to the neutrino energy in a neutral medium is much larger than the thermal one. Possible applications to cosmology and astrophysics are considered.

E. Elizalde; E. J. Ferrer; V. de la Incera

2004-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

111

Shock waves in strongly coupled plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shock waves are supersonic disturbances propagating in a fluid and giving rise to dissipation and drag. Weak shocks, i.e., those of small amplitude, can be well described within the hydrodynamic approximation. On the other hand, strong shocks are discontinuous within hydrodynamics and therefore probe the microscopics of the theory. In this paper we consider the case of the strongly coupled N=4 plasma whose microscopic description, applicable for scales smaller than the inverse temperature, is given in terms of gravity in an asymptotically $AdS_5$ space. In the gravity approximation, weak and strong shocks should be described by smooth metrics with no discontinuities. For weak shocks we find the dual metric in a derivative expansion and for strong shocks we use linearized gravity to find the exponential tail that determines the width of the shock. In particular we find that, when the velocity of the fluid relative to the shock approaches the speed of light $v\\to 1$ the penetration depth $\\ell$ scales as $\\ell\\sim (1-v^2)^{1/4}$. We compare the results with second order hydrodynamics and the Israel-Stewart approximation. Although they all agree in the hydrodynamic regime of weak shocks, we show that there is not even qualitative agreement for strong shocks. For the gravity side, the existence of shock waves implies that there are disturbances of constant shape propagating on the horizon of the dual black holes.

Sergei Khlebnikov; Martin Kruczenski; Georgios Michalogiorgakis

2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

112

Shock waves in strongly coupled plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Shock waves are supersonic disturbances propagating in a fluid and giving rise to dissipation and drag. Weak shocks, i.e., those of small amplitude, can be well described within the hydrodynamic approximation. On the other hand, strong shocks are discontinuous within hydrodynamics and therefore probe the microscopics of the theory. In this paper, we consider the case of the strongly coupled N=4 plasma whose microscopic description, applicable for scales smaller than the inverse temperature, is given in terms of gravity in an asymptotically AdS{sub 5} space. In the gravity approximation, weak and strong shocks should be described by smooth metrics with no discontinuities. For weak shocks, we find the dual metric in a derivative expansion, and for strong shocks we use linearized gravity to find the exponential tail that determines the width of the shock. In particular, we find that, when the velocity of the fluid relative to the shock approaches the speed of light v{yields}1 the penetration depth l scales as l{approx}(1-v{sup 2}){sup 1/4}. We compare the results with second-order hydrodynamics and the Israel-Stewart approximation. Although they all agree in the hydrodynamic regime of weak shocks, we show that there is not even qualitative agreement for strong shocks. For the gravity side, the existence of shock waves implies that there are disturbances of constant shape propagating on the horizon of the dual black holes.

Khlebnikov, Sergei; Kruczenski, Martin; Michalogiorgakis, Georgios [Department of Physics, Purdue University, 525 Northwestern Avenue, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

City of Tallahassee Utilities - Low-Income Energy Efficiency Grant Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tallahassee Utilities - Low-Income Energy Efficiency Grant Tallahassee Utilities - Low-Income Energy Efficiency Grant Programs City of Tallahassee Utilities - Low-Income Energy Efficiency Grant Programs < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Program Info State Florida Program Type Utility Grant Program Rebate Amount Ceiling Insulation Grant: $500 HVAC Repair: $500 Provider City of Tallahassee Utilities City of Tallahassee Utilities offers two different grants that encourage low-income residents to improve the energy efficiency of homes. Both programs require a free home energy audit to be conducted in order to determine the eligibility of the applicant. Applicants must also fit within the qualifying income levels detailed on the web site.

114

Shock waves in strongly coupled plasmas II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a recent paper we have analyzed the AdS/CFT duals to shock waves propagating in the N=4 plasma. Here we study further properties of the system. In the gravity description we consider the properties of the dual black holes, showing in particular that they are stationary black holes with expanding horizons. This is possible because the horizon is not compact; in the fluid, this corresponds to the situation when entropy is being produced and carried away to infinity. We also consider shocks in dimensionalities d other than four and find that, for plasmas whose duals are given by asymptotically AdS spaces, the exponential tail of the shock on the supersonic side shrinks as gamma^(-2/d) as the velocity approaches the speed of light (the Lorentz factor gamma goes to infinity). This generalizes the behavior gamma^(-1/2) we have found previously for d=4. Finally, we consider corrugations of the shock front and show that the shock is stable under such perturbations. There are, however, long lived modes, excitations of which describe generation of sound by the shock wave, the energy for this being provided by the incoming fluid.

Sergei Khlebnikov; Martin Kruczenski; Georgios Michalogiorgakis

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

115

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.9 Low-Income Housing  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

Program Definitions DOE Weatherization: Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program DOE Weatherization Eligible Households: Households with incomes at or below 125% of the Federal poverty level, which varies by family size; however, a State may instead elect to use the LIHEAP income standard if its State LIHEAP income standard is at least 125% of the Federal poverty level. Data listed in this chapter include previously weatherized units. DOE Weatherization Eligible Households are a subset of Federally Eligible Households. DOE Weatherization Recipient Households: Households that have received weatherization under DOE Weatherization funding. Federally Eligible Households: Households with incomes below the Federal maximum standard of 150% to 200% of the poverty

116

The Impact of Wind Development on County-Level Income and Employment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ruth Baranowski, NRELPIX 16410 The Impact of Wind Development on County-Level Income and Employment: A Review of Methods and an Empirical Analysis Introduction The economic...

117

The association between income smoothing and job security concerns in New Zealand.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study tests for a relationship between income smoothing, proxied by discretionary accruals, and job security concerns, proxied by product durability, capital intensity, and leverage,… (more)

Tauch, Sothyda

118

Effect of Income on Appliances in U.S. Households, The  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This web page page entails how people live, the factors that cause the most differences in home lifestyle, including energy use in Geographic Location, Socioeconomics and Household Income.

Michael Laurence

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Tax Man Cometh: Income Taxation as a Measure of State Capacity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dilemma: Building State Capacity in Latin America. Berkeley:2005. Challenges to state policy capacity: Global trends andfor our construct of state capacity because income taxes

Weller, Nick; Ziegler, Melissa

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Implications of Strong-Rate-Weakening Friction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

events evolve very heterogeneous prestress (self-organization is the key to the problem) #12;Road Map 2 by a wall running into you at 35 km/hr #12;Transmission line fault in Pacoima Canyon, S. Calif. 300 m strike killer! · Strong velocity weakening requires large grid and small time steps ... the problem loses its

Heaton, Thomas H.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Strongly correlated photons on a chip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical non-linearities at the single-photon level are key ingredients for future photonic quantum technologies. Prime candidates for the realization of strong photon-photon interactions necessary for implementing quantum information processing tasks as well as for studying strongly correlated photons in an integrated photonic device setting are quantum dots embedded in photonic crystal nanocavities. Here, we report strong quantum correlations between photons on picosecond timescales. We observe (a) photon antibunching upon resonant excitation of the lowest-energy polariton state, proving that the first cavity photon blocks the subsequent injection events, and (b) photon bunching when the laser field is in two-photon resonance with the polariton eigenstates of the second Jaynes-Cummings manifold, demonstrating that two photons at this color are more likely to be injected into the cavity jointly, than they would otherwise. Together,these results demonstrate unprecedented strong single-photon non-linearities, paving the way for realizing a single-photon transistor or a quantum optical Josephson interferometer.

Andreas Reinhard; Thomas Volz; Martin Winger; Antonio Badolato; Kevin J. Hennessy; Evelyn L. Hu; Atac Imamoglu

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

122

Optimal Stochastic Approximation Algorithms for Strongly Convex ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

optimal rate of convergence for solving strongly convex SCO problems in ... where X is a closed convex set in Euclidean space E, X(x) is a simple convex function with known ..... Note that the notation log has a base of 2 throughout this paper.

123

Water waves over strongly undulating bottom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two-dimensional free-surface potential flows of an ideal fluid over a strongly inhomogeneous bottom are investigated with the help of conformal mappings. Weakly-nonlinear and exact nonlinear equations of motion are derived by the variational method for arbitrary seabed shape parameterized by an analytical function. The band structure of linear waves over periodic bottoms is calculated.

Ruban, V P

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Strong et al ALS FTD consensus criteria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strong et al ALS FTD consensus criteria 1 Version: 20070606 Frontotemporal syndromes in amyotrophic, UCSF, San Francisco, California, USA (5) Forbes Norris MDA/ALS Research Center, San Francisco Kingdom (8) Science Director & Vice President, The ALS Association, Palm Harbor, Florida, U.S.A. (9

Dickerson, Brad

125

Strong motion duration and earthquake magnitude relationships  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Earthquake duration is the total time of ground shaking from the arrival of seismic waves until the return to ambient conditions. Much of this time is at relatively low shaking levels which have little effect on seismic structural response and on earthquake damage potential. As a result, a parameter termed ``strong motion duration`` has been defined by a number of investigators to be used for the purpose of evaluating seismic response and assessing the potential for structural damage due to earthquakes. This report presents methods for determining strong motion duration and a time history envelope function appropriate for various evaluation purposes, for earthquake magnitude and distance, and for site soil properties. There are numerous definitions of strong motion duration. For most of these definitions, empirical studies have been completed which relate duration to earthquake magnitude and distance and to site soil properties. Each of these definitions recognizes that only the portion of an earthquake record which has sufficiently high acceleration amplitude, energy content, or some other parameters significantly affects seismic response. Studies have been performed which indicate that the portion of an earthquake record in which the power (average rate of energy input) is maximum correlates most closely with potential damage to stiff nuclear power plant structures. Hence, this report will concentrate on energy based strong motion duration definitions.

Salmon, M.W.; Short, S.A. [EQE International, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States); Kennedy, R.P. [RPK Structural Mechanics Consulting, Yorba Linda, CA (United States)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

A Model of Strongly Forced Wind Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model of surface waves generated on deep water by strong winds is proposed. A two-layer approximation is adopted, in which a shallow turbulent layer overlies the lower, infinitely deep layer. The dynamics of the upper layer, which is directly ...

Alexey V. Fedorov; W. Kendall Melville

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Agricultural Biomass Income Tax Credit (Personal) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Personal) Personal) Agricultural Biomass Income Tax Credit (Personal) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Bioenergy Maximum Rebate Statewide annual limit of 5 million in total credits Program Info Start Date 1/1/2011 State New Mexico Program Type Personal Tax Credit Rebate Amount 5 per wet ton Provider New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department [http://www.nmlegis.gov/Sessions/10%20Regular/final/HB0171.pdf House Bill 171] of 2010 created a tax credit for agricultural biomass from a dairy or feedlot transported to a facility that uses agricultural biomass to generate electricity or make biocrude or other liquid or gaseous fuel for commercial use. For the purposes of this tax credit, agricultural biomass means wet manure. The Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department may

128

Agricultural Biomass Income Tax Credit (Corporate) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Corporate) Corporate) Agricultural Biomass Income Tax Credit (Corporate) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Bioenergy Maximum Rebate Statewide annual limit of 5 million in total credits Program Info Start Date 1/1/2011 State New Mexico Program Type Corporate Tax Credit Rebate Amount 5 per wet ton Provider New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department [http://www.nmlegis.gov/Sessions/10%20Regular/final/HB0171.pdf House Bill 171] of 2010 created a tax credit for agricultural biomass from a dairy or feedlot transported to a facility that uses agricultural biomass to generate electricity or make biocrude or other liquid or gaseous fuel for commercial use. For the purposes of this tax credit, agricultural biomass means wet manure. The Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department may

129

Low-income energy assistance: State responses to funding reductions  

SciTech Connect

Appropriations for the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program have declined each year since FY 1986, from a level of about $2.0 billion to about $1.5 billion in FY 1988. The President's budget for FY 1989 has proposed a further reduction to about $1.2 billion. The reduction was proposed in recognition of the hundreds of millions of dollars in oil overcharge settlements available to states for this and certain other activities. GAO reviewed 13 states for information on the availability and use of oil overcharge funds; federal allotments to LIHEAP, total LIHEAP funding, and a projection of possible FY 1989 funding; the number of LIHEAP households provided heating assistance; heating benefit levels per household; LIHEAP transfers to and from other block grants; and perceptions of interest groups of past and proposed LIHEAP budget cuts.

Not Available

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Low-income communities : technological strategies for nurturing community, empowerment and self-sufficiency at a low-income housing development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are a number of historically familiar and unfamiliar forces at work in low-income communities in the United States. Recurrent forces include rapidly changing economic and demographic trends, Welfare Reform, and the ...

O'Bryant, Richard Louis, 1964-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Neutrino Propagation in a Strongly Magnetized Medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive general expressions at the one-loop level for the coefficients of the covariant structure of the neutrino self-energy in the presence of a constant magnetic field. The neutrino energy spectrum and index of refraction are obtained for neutral and charged media in the strong-field limit ($M_{W}\\gg \\sqrt{B}\\gg m_{e},T,\\mu ,| \\mathbf{p}| $) using the lowest Landau level approximation. The results found within the lowest Landau level approximation are numerically validated, summing in all Landau levels, for strong $B\\gg T^{2}$ and weakly-strong $B \\gtrsim T^{2}$ fields. The neutrino energy in leading order of the Fermi coupling constant is expressed as the sum of three terms: a kinetic-energy term, a magnetic-field neutrino-induced-magnetic-moment interaction term, and a rest-energy term. The leading radiative correction to the kinetic-energy term depends linearly on the magnetic field strength and is independent of the chemical potential. The other two terms are only present in a charged medium. For str...

Elizalde, E; De la Incera, V

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Ionization of ethane, butane, and octane in strong laser fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Strong-field photoionization of ethane, butane, and octane are reported at intensities from 10{sup 14} to 10{sup 17} W/cm{sup 2}. The molecular fragment ions, C{sup +} and C{sup 2+}, are created in an intensity window from 10{sup 14} to 10{sup 15} W/cm{sup 2} and have intensity-dependent yields similar to the molecular fragments C{sub m}H{sub n}{sup +} and C{sub m}H{sub n}{sup 2+}. In the case of C{sup +}, the yield is independent of the molecular parent chain length. The ionization of more tightly bound valence electrons in carbon (C{sup 3+} and C{sup 4+}) has at least two contributing mechanisms, one influenced by the parent molecule size and one resulting from the tunneling ionization of the carbon ion.

Palaniyappan, Sasi; Mitchell, Rob; Ekanayake, N.; Watts, A. M.; White, S. L.; Sauer, Rob; Howard, L. E.; Videtto, M.; Mancuso, C.; Wells, S. J.; Stanev, T.; Wen, B. L.; Decamp, M. F.; Walker, B. C. [Physics and Astronomy Department, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

Strong Nernst-Ettingshausen effect in folded graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study electronic transport in graphene under the influence of a transversal magnetic field $\\f{B}(\\f{r})=B(x)\\f{e}_z$ with the asymptotics $B(x\\to\\pm\\infty)=\\pm B_0$, which could be realized via a folded graphene sheet in a constant magnetic field, for example. By solving the effective Dirac equation, we find robust modes with a finite energy gap which propagate along the fold -- where particles and holes move in opposite directions. Exciting these particle-hole pairs with incident photons would then generate a nearly perfect charge separation and thus a strong magneto-thermoelectric (Nernst-Ettingshausen) or magneto-photoelectric effect -- even at room temperature.

Friedemann Queisser; Ralf Schützhold

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

134

Enabling energy efficiency for low-income housing in Developing countries using MIT Design Advisor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is a great need to improve energy efficiency of low-income housing, since people who can afford it least have to pay a significant portion of their income to make their homes more habitable or else live with greater ...

Ali, Zehra (Zehra Hyder)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

China's Income Distribution, 1985-2001 Ximing Wu* and Jeffrey M. Perloff**  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

China's Income Distribution, 1985-2001 Ximing Wu* and Jeffrey M. Perloff** February, 2005 We Bureau of Statistics of China, for explaining many features of the Chinese urban survey. Ximing Wu@are.berkeley.edu. #12;Abstract We employ a new method to estimate China's income distributions using publicly available

Perloff, Jeffrey M.

136

Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Nepal UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

137

Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Honduras UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

138

Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Mali UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

139

Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Kenya UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

140

Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Ethiopia UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Maldives UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

142

Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Ethiopia, Honduras, Kenya, Maldives, Mali, Nepal UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

143

EO 12898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and 2898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations EO 12898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations To focus Federal attention on the environmental and human health conditions in minority communities and low-income communities with the goal of achieving environmental justice. That order is also intended to promote nondiscrimination in Federal programs substantially affecting human health and the environment, and to provide minority communities and low-income communities access to public information on, and an opportunity for public participation in, matters relating to human health or the environment. EO 12898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations More Documents & Publications

144

Fundamental Structure of Matter and Strong Interaction  

SciTech Connect

More than 99% of the visible matter in the universe are the protons and neutrons. Their internal structure is mostly governed by the strong interaction. Understanding their internal structure in terms of fundamental degrees-of-freedom is one of the most important subjects in modern physics. Worldwide efforts in the last few decades have lead to numerous surprises and discoveries, but major challenges still remain. An overview of the progress will be presented with a focus on the recent studies of the proton and neutron's electromagnetic and spin structure. Future perspectives will be discussed.

Jian-Ping Chen

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Fractional Effective Action at strong electromagnetic fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1936, Weisskopf showed that for vanishing electric or magnetic fields the strong-field behavior of the one loop Euler-Heisenberg effective Lagrangian of quantum electro dynamics (QED) is logarithmic. Here we generalize this result for different limits of the Lorentz invariants \\(\\vec{E}^2-\\vec{B}^2\\) and \\(\\vec{B}\\cdot\\vec{E}\\). The logarithmic dependence can be interpreted as a lowest-order manifestation of an anomalous power behavior of the effective Lagrangian of QED, with critical exponents \\(\\delta=e^2/(12\\pi)\\) for spinor QED, and \\(\\delta_S=\\delta/4\\) for scalar QED.

Hagen Kleinert; Eckhard Strobel; She-Sheng Xue

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

146

Light clocks in strong gravitational fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that the time measured by a light clock operating with photons rather than classical light requires a refinement of the standard clock postulate in general relativity. In the presence of a gravitational field, already the one-loop quantum corrections to classical Maxwell theory affect light propagation and the construction of observers' frames of reference. Carefully taking into account these kinematic effects, a concise geometric expression for the time shown by a light clock is obtained. This result has far-reaching implications for physics in strong gravitational fields.

Raffaele Punzi; Frederic P. Schuller; Mattias N. R. Wohlfarth

2009-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

147

Light clocks in strong gravitational fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that the time measured by a light clock operating with photons rather than classical light requires a refinement of the standard clock postulate in general relativity. In the presence of a gravitational field, already the one-loop quantum corrections to classical Maxwell theory affect light propagation and the construction of observers' frames of reference. Carefully taking into account these kinematic effects, a concise geometric expression for the time shown by a light clock is obtained. This result has far-reaching implications for physics in strong gravitational fields.

Punzi, Raffaele; Wohlfarth, Mattias N R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Investigating the book-tax income gap : factors which affect the gap and details regarding its most significant component  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) In total, my thesis suggests that recent changes in the book-tax income gap may be exogenous and transitory, due to changes to the calculation of book income, general business conditions or other factors which ...

Seidman, Jeri

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Strong quantitative benchmarking of quantum optical devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum communication devices, such as quantum repeaters, quantum memories, or quantum channels, are unavoidably exposed to imperfections. However, the presence of imperfections can be tolerated, as long as we can verify such devices retain their quantum advantages. Benchmarks based on witnessing entanglement have proven useful for verifying the true quantum nature of these devices. The next challenge is to characterize how strongly a device is within the quantum domain. We present a method, based on entanglement measures and rigorous state truncation, which allows us to characterize the degree of quantumness of optical devices. This method serves as a quantitative extension to a large class of previously-known quantum benchmarks, requiring no additional information beyond what is already used for the non-quantitative benchmarks.

Nathan Killoran; Norbert Lütkenhaus

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

150

Strong quantitative benchmarking of quantum optical devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum communication devices, such as quantum repeaters, quantum memories, or quantum channels, are unavoidably exposed to imperfections. However, the presence of imperfections can be tolerated, as long as we can verify that such devices retain their quantum advantages. Benchmarks based on witnessing entanglement have proven useful for verifying the true quantum nature of these devices. The next challenge is to characterize how strongly a device is within the quantum domain. We present a method, based on entanglement measures and rigorous state truncation, which allows us to characterize the degree of quantumness of optical devices. This method serves as a quantitative extension to a large class of previously known quantum benchmarks, requiring no additional information beyond what is already used for the nonquantitative benchmarks.

Killoran, N.; Luetkenhaus, N. [Institute for Quantum Computing and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, N2L 3G1 (Canada)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

151

Strongly Coupled Striped Superconductor with Large Modulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analytically calculate properties of a strongly coupled striped superconductor, with the charge density wave sourced by a modulated chemical potential, in the large modulation wavenumber Q limit. In the absence of a homogeneous term in the chemical potential, we show that the critical temperature scales as a negative power of Q for scaling dimensions \\Delta 3/2, there is no phase transition above a certain critical value of Q. The condensate is found to scale as a positive power of Q such that the gap is proportional to Q. We discuss how these results change if a homogeneous term is added to the chemical potential. We compare our analytic results with numerical calculations whenever the latter are available and find good agreement.

Jimmy A. Hutasoit; Suman Ganguli; George Siopsis; Jason Therrien

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

152

Weak and Strong k-connectivity games  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For a positive integer $k$ we consider the $k$-vertex-connectivity game, played on the edge set of $K_n$, the complete graph on $n$ vertices. We first study the Maker-Breaker version of this game and prove that, for any integer $k \\geq 2$ and sufficiently large $n$, Maker has a strategy for winning this game within $\\lfloor k n/2 \\rfloor + 1$ moves, which is clearly best possible. This answers a question of Hefetz, Krivelevich, Stojakovi\\'c and Szab\\'o. We then consider the strong $k$-vertex-connectivity game. For every positive integer $k$ and sufficiently large $n$, we describe an explicit first player's winning strategy for this game.

Ferber, Asaf

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Strong solutions of semilinear matched microstructure models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The subject of this article is a matched microstructure model for Newtonian fluid flows in fractured porous media. This is a homogenized model which takes the form of two coupled parabolic differential equations with boundary conditions in a given (two-scale) domain in Euclidean space. The main objective is to establish the local well-posedness in the strong sense of the flow. Two main settings are investigated: semi-linear systems with linear boundary conditions and semi-linear systems with nonlinear boundary conditions. With the help of analytic semigoups we establish local well-posedness and investigate the long-time behaviour of the solutions in the first case: we establish global existence and show that solutions converge to zero at an exponential rate.

Escher, Joachim

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Bound states in a strong magnetic field  

SciTech Connect

We expect a strong magnetic field to be produced in the perpendicular direction to the reaction plane, in a noncentral heavy-ion collision . The strength of the magnetic field is estimated to be eB{approx}m{sup 2}{sub {pi}}{approx} 0.02 GeV{sup 2} at the RHIC and eB{approx} 15m{sup 2}{sub {pi}}{approx} 0.3 GeV{sup 2} at the LHC. We investigate the effects of the magnetic field on B{sup 0} and D{sup 0} mesons, focusing on the changes of the energy levels and of the mass of the bound states.

Machado, C. S.; Navarra, F. S.; Noronha, J.; Oliveira, E. G. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo Rua do Matao, Travessa R, 187, 05508-090 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Ferreira Filho, L. G. [Departamento de Matematica e Computacao, Faculdade de Tecnologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro Rodovia Presidente Dutra, km 298, Polo Industrial, CEP 27537-000, Resende, RJ (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

155

Atomic physics of strongly correlated systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents the progress made in our continuing study of strongly correlated atomic systems within the last year. We have examined the shape of three-body systems in hyperspherical coordinates by studying the evolution of the density functions with the mass ratio of the particles in the system. We have calculated the ejected electron spectra from the autoionizing states formed in double capture processes in collisions of multiply charged ions with atoms. We have investigated the systematics and the propensity rules of radiative and Auger decay rates of high-lying doubly excited states. We have also studied ion-atom collisions for processes which pose great challenges to detailed theories, by looking into processes where the cross sections are small such as the excitation process in He{sup ++} + H collisions, or by looking into fine details such as the orientation parameters in excitation and charge transfer processes.

Lin, Chii-Dong.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Strongly anisotropic Dirac quasiparticles in irradiated graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study quasiparticle dynamics in graphene exposed to a linearly-polarized electromagnetic wave of very large intensity. Low-energy transport in such system can be described by an effective time-independent Hamiltonian, characterized by multiple Dirac points in the first Brillouin zone. Around each Dirac point the spectrum is anisotropic: the velocity along the polarization of the radiation significantly exceeds the velocity in the perpendicular direction. Moreover, in some of the points the transverse velocity oscillates as a function of the radiation intensity. We find that the conductance of a graphene p-n junction in the regime of strong irradiation depends on the polarization as $G(\\theta)\\propto|\\sin\\theta|^{3/2}$, where $\\theta$ is the angle between the polarization and the p-n interface, and oscillates as a function of the radiation intensity.

S. V. Syzranov; Ya. I. Rodionov; K. I. Kugel; F. Nori

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

157

Observables in Strongly Coupled Anisotropic Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review certain anisotropic gauge/gravity dualities, focusing more on a theory with space dependent axion term. Then we discuss and also present some new results for several observables: the static potential and force, the imaginary part of the static potential, the quark dipole in the plasma wind, the drag force and diffusion time, the jet quenching of heavy and light quarks, the energy loss of rotating quarks, the photon production and finally the violation of the holographic viscosity over entropy bound. The corresponding weakly coupled results are also discussed. Finally we investigate the bounds of the parameters of the current strongly coupled anisotropic theories attempting to match them with the observed quark-gluon plasma and report the problems appear.

Dimitrios Giataganas

2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

158

Multimode strong-coupling quantum optomechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study theoretically the dynamics of multiple mechanical oscillators coupled to a single cavity field mode via linear or quadratic optomechanical interactions. We focus specifically on the strong coupling regime where the cavity decays much faster than the mechanical modes, and the optomechanical coupling is comparable to or larger than the mechanical frequency, so that both the optical and mechanical systems operate in the deep quantum regime. Using the examples of one and two mechanical oscillators we show that the system can classically exhibit bistability and bifurcations, and we explore how these manifest themselves in interference, entanglement, and correlation in the quantum theory, while revealing the impact of decoherence of the mechanical system due to cavity fluctuations and coherent driving.

H. Seok; L. F. Buchmann; E. M. Wright; P. Meystre

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

159

A discrete BGK approximation for strongly degenerate parabolic problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A discrete BGK approximation for strongly degenerate parabolic problems with boundary conditions F strongly degenerate hyperbolic--parabolic equations with initial boundary condition. We prove a priori -- strongly degenerate parabolic equations -- singular perturbation problems -- BGK models 1 Introduction

160

Cellular Response to Diesel Exhaust Particles Strongly Depends...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cellular Response to Diesel Exhaust Particles Strongly Depends on the Exposure Method Title Cellular Response to Diesel Exhaust Particles Strongly Depends on the Exposure Method...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Strong liquid-crystalline polymeric compositions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Strong liquid-crystalline polymeric (LCP) compositions of matter. LCP backbones are combined with liquid crystalline (LC) side chains in a manner which maximizes molecular ordering through interdigitation of the side chains, thereby yielding materials which are predicted to have superior mechanical properties over existing LCPs. The theoretical design of LCPs having such characteristics includes consideration of the spacing distance between side chains along the backbone, the need for rigid sections in the backbone and in the side chains, the degree of polymerization, the length of the side chains, the regularity of the spacing of the side chains along the backbone, the interdigitation of side chains in sub-molecular strips, the packing of the side chains on one or two sides of the backbone to which they are attached, the symmetry of the side chains, the points of attachment of the side chains to the backbone, the flexibility and size of the chemical group connecting each side chain to the backbone, the effect of semiflexible sections in the backbone and the side chains, and the choice of types of dipolar and/or hydrogen bonding forces in the backbones and the side chains for easy alignment.

Dowell, Flonnie (Los Alamos, NM)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Large orders in strong-field QED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address the issue of large-order expansions in strong-field QED. Our approach is based on the one-loop effective action encoded in the associated photon polarisation tensor. We concentrate on the simple case of crossed fields aiming at possible applications of high-power lasers to measure vacuum birefringence. A simple next-to-leading order derivative expansion reveals that the indices of refraction increase with frequency. This signals normal dispersion in the small-frequency regime where the derivative expansion makes sense. To gain information beyond that regime we determine the factorial growth of the derivative expansion coefficients evaluating the first 80 orders by means of computer algebra. From this we can infer a nonperturbative imaginary part for the indices of refraction indicating absorption (pair production) as soon as energy and intensity become (super)critical. These results compare favourably with an analytic evaluation of the polarisation tensor asymptotics. Kramers-Kronig relations finally allow for a nonperturbative definition of the real parts as well and show that absorption goes hand in hand with anomalous dispersion for sufficiently large frequencies and fields.

Thomas Heinzl; Oliver Schroeder

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

163

DYNAMICS OF STRONGLY TWISTED RELATIVISTIC MAGNETOSPHERES  

SciTech Connect

Magnetar magnetospheres are believed to be strongly twisted due to shearing of the stellar crust by internal magnetic stresses. We present time-dependent axisymmetric simulations showing in detail the evolution of relativistic force-free magnetospheres subjected to slow twisting through large angles. When the twist amplitude is small, the magnetosphere moves quasi-statically through a sequence of equilibria of increasing free energy. At some twist amplitude the magnetosphere becomes tearing-mode unstable to forming a resistive current sheet, initiating large-scale magnetic reconnection in which a significant fraction of the magnetic free energy can be dissipated. This ''critical'' twist angle is insensitive to the resistive length scale. Rapid shearing temporarily stabilizes the magnetosphere beyond the critical angle, allowing the magnetosphere of a rapidly differentially rotating star to store and dissipate more free energy. In addition to these effects, shearing the surface of a rotating star increases the spindown torque applied to the star. If shearing is much slower than rotation, the resulting spikes in spindown rate can occur on timescales anywhere from the long twisting timescale to the stellar spin period or shorter, depending both on the stellar shear distribution and the existing distribution of magnetospheric twists. A model in which energy is stored in the magnetosphere and released by a magnetospheric instability therefore predicts large changes in the measured spindown rate before soft gamma repeater giant flares.

Parfrey, Kyle [Astronomy Department, Columbia University, 550 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Beloborodov, Andrei M.; Hui, Lam, E-mail: parfrey@astro.princeton.edu [Physics Department and Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, 538 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States)

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

164

DOE Provides $96.4 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

96.4 Million to Low-Income Families for Home 96.4 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization DOE Provides $96.4 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization July 6, 2006 - 2:50pm Addthis Funding is Second Installment of $243 Million in Total Weatherization Grants for FY 2006 WASHINGTON, D.C. - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Samuel W. Bodman today announced $96.4 million in weatherization program grants to 19 states to make energy efficiency improvements in homes of low-income families. Weatherization can reduce an average home's energy costs by $358 annually. Total Fiscal Year 2006 funding is $243 million and will provide weatherization to approximately 96,560 homes. "Weatherizing your home is a valuable way to save energy and money," Secretary Bodman said. "The Department of Energy's weatherization program

165

Department of Energy Provides Nearly $112 Million to Low-Income Families  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

112 Million to Low-Income 112 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization Department of Energy Provides Nearly $112 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization March 29, 2007 - 12:17pm Addthis Funding is First Installment of $204.5 Million in Total Weatherization Grants for FY 2007 WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced $111.6 million in weatherization grants to 30 states and the Navajo Nation to make energy efficiency improvements in homes of low-income families. Weatherization can reduce an average home's energy costs by $358 annually. Total Fiscal Year 2007 funding is $204.5 million and will provide weatherization to approximately 70,000 homes. "Weatherization is a valuable way to help save money and energy," DOE Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander

166

Urban settlement design, Seoul, Korea : a comparative study for low-income housing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study proposes an alternative design approach for urban dwelling environments of the low-income sectors in Seoul, Korea, based upon a comparative evaluation of the physical and socio-economic performance of the existing ...

Je, Hae-Seong

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Department of Energy Provides Nearly $88 Million to Low-Income Families for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Provides Nearly $88 Million to Low-Income Provides Nearly $88 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization Department of Energy Provides Nearly $88 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization June 29, 2007 - 2:36pm Addthis Funding is Second Installment of $200 Million in Total Weatherization Grants for FY 2007 WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced $88 million in weatherization grants to 20 states to make energy efficiency improvements in homes of low-income families. Weatherization can reduce an average home's energy costs by $358 annually, and this year, DOE expects funding to weatherize approximately 70,000 homes nationwide. For every dollar spent, weatherization returns $1.53 in energy savings over the life of the measures. DOE's weatherization program performs energy

168

EO 12898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WASHINGTON WASHINGTON February 11, 1994 MEMORANDUM FOR THE HEADS OF ALL DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES SUBJECT: Executive Order on Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low- Income Populations Today I have issued an Executive Order on Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations. That order is designed to focus Federal attention on the environmental and human health conditions in minority communities and low-income communities with the goal of achieving environmental justice. That order is also intended to promote nondiscrimination in Federal programs substantially affecting human health and the environment, and to provide minority communities and low-income communities access to public

169

Energy Department Provides $140.3 Million to Low-Income Families for Home  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

140.3 Million to Low-Income Families 140.3 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization Energy Department Provides $140.3 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization April 3, 2006 - 9:55am Addthis Funding is first installment of $243 million in total weatherization grants for FY 2006 WASHINGTON, D.C. - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Samuel W. Bodman today announced $140.3 million in weatherization program grants to 31 states and the Navajo Nation to make energy efficiency improvements in homes of low-income families; weatherization can reduce an average home's energy costs by $358 annually. Total Fiscal Year 2006 funding is $243 million and will provide weatherization to approximately 96,560 homes. "Weatherizing your home is a valuable way to save energy and money,"

170

Department of Energy Provides Nearly $88 Million to Low-Income Families for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

88 Million to Low-Income 88 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization Department of Energy Provides Nearly $88 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization June 29, 2007 - 2:36pm Addthis Funding is Second Installment of $200 Million in Total Weatherization Grants for FY 2007 WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced $88 million in weatherization grants to 20 states to make energy efficiency improvements in homes of low-income families. Weatherization can reduce an average home's energy costs by $358 annually, and this year, DOE expects funding to weatherize approximately 70,000 homes nationwide. For every dollar spent, weatherization returns $1.53 in energy savings over the life of the measures. DOE's weatherization program performs energy

171

The Impact of Wind Development on County-Level Income and Employment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Impact of Wind Development on County-Level Income and Employment: A Review of Methods and an Empirical Analysis (Fact Sheet) Title The Impact of Wind Development on...

172

The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit : HERA, ARRA and beyond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) has arguably been the most successful government subsidy to finance affordable housing. Since its creation in the Tax Reform Act of 1986 as Internal Revenue Code (IRC) Section 42, ...

Korb, Jason (Jason Bryan Patricof)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Incoming Shortwave Fluxes at the Surface—A Comparison of GCM Results with Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evidence is presented that the excess surface net radiation calculated in general circulation models at continental surfaces is mostly due to excess incoming shortwave fluxes. Based on long-term observations from 22 worldwide inland stations and ...

J. R. Garratt

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Equitable economic energy efficiency : creating good jobs in low-income efficiency programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy efficiency is an important consideration in energy policy-making. So, a federal program aimed at funding "energy efficiency retrofits" for low-income households could be an important step in increasing the overall ...

Sarin, Amit

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Relating Rainfall Patterns to Agricultural Income: Implications for Rural Development in Mozambique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rural farmers in Mozambique rely on rainfed agriculture for food and income. Yet they experience high rainfall variability ranging from extreme drought to flooding rainfall from tropical cyclone systems. To explore linkages between rainfall and ...

Julie A. Silva; Corene J. Matyas

176

A Study of the Incoming Longwave Atmospheric Radiation from a Clear Sky  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A band model for atmospheric absorption is used to calculate the incoming longwave atmospheric radiative flux for some typical clear sky conditions. The sky radiation is also measured using a specially-designed calorimetric apparatus over a wide ...

J. W. Ramsey; H. D. Chiang; R. J. Goldstein

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Causes, effects, and implications of subletting : experiences from low-income neighborhoods in Third World cities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years increasing numbers of low-income families in Third World cities have found it necessary to share housing accommodation. Those with access to land may be unable to afford to build their house or to pay the ...

Bailey, Susan Ruth

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Low income housing tax credit properties : non-profit disposition strategies in the Commonwealth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines how non-profit owners in Massachusetts have maintained affordability and ownership of Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) properties after the initial fifteen-year compliance period, at the lowest ...

Lew-Hailer, Lillian

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Community transportation : alternative transportation provision in a low-income neighborhoods in southeast Atlanta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regional transit agencies are ineffective at meeting many of the basic transportation needs of a clustered "Study Area" of low-income Atlanta neighborhoods. For transit dependant residents in the Study Area, getting to the ...

Alexander, James W., 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

New Hampshire Electric Co-Op - Low-Income Energy Assistance Grant...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

help NHEC's income-qualified members manage energy use with the goal of lowering total energy costs. Qualified members living in an apartment or house, either rented or owned, can...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The forgotten class : reconceptualizing contemporary middle-income housing in New York City  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New York City's costly real estate poses housing affordability challenges for not only low- or even moderate-income households, but also for the so-called "middle class." Because New York is predominantly a renter's market, ...

Milchman, Karina (Karina Faye)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Low-income communities in World Heritage Cities : revitalizing neighborhoods in Tunis and Quito  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the 1970s, international preservation and funding agencies have promoted revitalization projects in developing countries aiming to, among other things, benefit low-income communities. For the most part, these projects ...

Young, T. Luke, 1972-

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Key worker housing : a demand analysis of middle-income workforce housing in eastern Massachusetts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Boston Metropolitan Area is one of the most expensive places to live in the United States. In recent years studies have speculated that middle-income workers have had to endure increased commute times as they have moved ...

Sacks, Sean D

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Sensitivity of Computed Incoming Solar Radiation at the Surface to Cloud Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A radiation model was used to simulate daily incoming solar radiation at four ships during Phase III of GATE. The accuracy of the simulations from several different cloud analyses based on ship or satellite data was estimated by comparison with ...

John T. Ball; Marshall A. Atwater; Stephen J. Thoren

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Factors influencing county level household fuelwood use  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study explains household fuelwood consumption behavior at the county level by linking it to economic and demographic conditions in counties. Using this link, counties are identified where potential fuelwood use problems and benefits are greatest. A probit equation estimates household probability of wood use (percent woodburners in a county heating degree days, household income, nonwood fuel price, fuelwood price, percent forest land, population density, and fraction of households using various types of heating equipment. A linear-in-parameters equation estimates average wood consumed by a woodburner based on county heating degree days, household income, percent forest land, and price of nonwood fuel divided by fuelwood price. Parameters are estimated using fuelwood use data for individual households from a 1908-81 nationwide survey. The probit equation predicts percentage of wood burns well over a wide range of county conditions. The wood consumption equation overpredicts for counties with high income and high population density (over 6000 persons per square mile). The model shows average woodburning per household over all households decreases with increasing population density, and the influence of county economic characteristics varies with density.

Skog, K.E.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Low-income energy assistance programs: a profile of need and policy options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This second report of the Fuel Oil Marketing Advisory Committee (FOMAC) of DOE is twofold: to update information on the energy needs of low-income persons and governmental response to such needs; and to emphasize the need for energy-conservation programs that may alleviate the enormous financial burden placed on low-income people by rising energy prices. FOMAC has continued to develop further and refine its initial energy-conservation recommendations. Mainly, the updated assessment document finds that the poor will expend at least 35% of their income directly on energy and will spend at least 21% of their income on household energy. Other economic impacts of rising energy costs on low-income groups are summarized. Appropriations and stipulations by Congress to aid the lo-income people are reviewed. After careful review of various program designs, FOMAC continues to support the income indexing/vendor line of credit approach. This design provides assistance to elgible households based on: energy needed, cost of fuel, and percentage of income. The cost of implementing the FOMAC design nationally would, according to estimates, range from $3.5 to $4.6 billion for the 1980-1981 winter heating season. A figure of $1.6 to $2.2 billion is being discussed in the Congress. Meeting the ongoing energy needs of the poor will require a coherent national policy which consists of aid in paying energy bills and aid in the poor's effort to conserve energy. The report seeks to promote such policies. Needs assessment, government response, FOMAC model, comments on the programs, projected cost of 1980-1981 Energy Assistance Program, need for conservation programs, and program financing are discussed.

Not Available

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

A Strong-Lens Survey in AEGIS: the influence of large scale structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.slac.stanford.edu/~pjm/HAGGLeS photometric zeropoints torespectively. The work of PJM was supported in part by the

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Complex (dusty) plasmas-kinetic studies of strong coupling phenomena  

SciTech Connect

'Dusty plasmas' can be found almost everywhere-in the interstellar medium, in star and planet formation, in the solar system in the Earth's atmosphere, and in the laboratory. In astrophysical plasmas, the dust component accounts for only about 1% of the mass, nevertheless this component has a profound influence on the thermodynamics, the chemistry, and the dynamics. Important physical processes are charging, sputtering, cooling, light absorption, and radiation pressure, connecting electromagnetic forces to gravity. Surface chemistry is another important aspect. In the laboratory, there is great interest in industrial processes (e.g., etching, vapor deposition) and-at the fundamental level-in the physics of strong coupling phenomena. Here, the dust (or microparticles) are the dominant component of the multi-species plasma. The particles can be observed in real time and space, individually resolved at all relevant length and time scales. This provides an unprecedented means for studying self-organisation processes in many-particle systems, including the onset of cooperative phenomena. Due to the comparatively large mass of the microparticles (10{sup -12}to10{sup -9}g), precision experiments are performed on the ISS. The following topics will be discussed: Phase transitions, phase separation, electrorheology, flow phenomena including the onset of turbulence at the kinetic level.

Morfill, Gregor E.; Ivlev, Alexei V.; Thomas, Hubertus M. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, D-85740 Garching (Germany)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

OBSERVATION OF STRONG - STRONG AND OTHER BEAM - BEAM EFFECTS IN RHIC.  

SciTech Connect

RHIC is currently the only hadron collider in which strong-strong beam-beam effects can be seen. For the first time, coherent beam-beam modes were observed in a bunched beam hadron collider. Other beam-beam effects in RHIC were observed in operation and in dedicated experiments with gold ions, deuterons and protons. Observations include measurements of beam-beam induced tune shifts, lifetime and emittance growth measurements with and without beam-beam interaction, and background rates as a function of tunes. During ramps unequal radio frequencies in the two rings cause the crossing points to move longitudinally. Thus bunches experience beam-beam interactions only in intervals and the tunes are modulated. In this article we summarize the most important beam-beam observations made so far.

Fischer, W; Brennan, J M; Cameron, P; Connolly, R; Montag, C; Peggs, S; Pilat, F; Ptitsyn, V; Tepikian, S; Trbojevic, D

2003-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

190

The asymmetric effects of changes in price and income on energy and oil demand.” Energy Journal 23(1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper estimates the effects on energy and oil demand of changes in income and oil prices, for 96 of the world’s largest countries, in per-capita terms. We examine three important issues: the asymmetric effects on demand of increases and decreases in oil prices; the asymmetric effects on demand of increases and decreases in income; and the different speeds of demand adjustment to changes in price and in income. Its main conclusions are the following: (1) OECD demand responds much more to increases in oil prices than to decreases; ignoring this asymmetric price response will bias downward the estimated response to income changes; (2) demand’s response to income decreases in many Non-OECD countries is not necessarily symmetric to its response to income increases; ignoring this asymmetric income response will bias the estimated response to income changes; (3) the speed of demand adjustment is faster to changes in income than to changes in price; ignoring this difference will bias upward the estimated response to income changes. Using correctly specified equations for energy and oil demand, the long-run response in demand for income growth is about 1.0 for Non-OECD Oil Exporters, Income Growers and perhaps all Non-OECD countries, and about 0.55 for OECD countries. These estimates for developing countries are significantly higher than current estimates used by the US Department of Energy. Our estimates for the OECD countries are also higher than those estimated recently by Schmalensee-Stoker-Judson (1998) and Holtz-Eakin and Selden (1995), who ignore the (asymmetric) effects of prices on demand. Higher responses to income changes, of course, will increase projections of energy and oil demand, and of carbon dioxide emissions.

Dermot Gately; Hillard G. Huntington; Dermot Gately; Hillard G. Huntington; Joyce Dargay; Lawrence Goulder; Mary Riddel; Shane Streifel

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Synchrotron radiation in strongly coupled conformal field theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using gauge/gravity duality, we compute the energy density and angular distribution of the power radiated by a quark undergoing circular motion in strongly coupled N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. We compare the strong ...

Athanasiou, Christiana

192

Unusually Strong Vertical Motions in a Caribbean Hurricane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unusually strong updrafts and downdrafts in the eyewall of Hurricane Emily (1987) during its rapidly deepening phase are documented by both in situ aircraft measurements and a vertically pointing Doppler radar. Updrafts and downdrafts as strong ...

Robert A. Black; Howard B. Bluestein; Michael L. Black

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Residential energy consumption and expenditure patterns of low-income households in the United States  

SciTech Connect

The principal objective of this study is to compare poor and non-poor households with respect to energy consumption and expenditures, housing characteristics, and energy-related behavior. We based our study on an analysis of a national data base created by the US Department of Energy, the 1982-1983 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS). RECS includes detailed information on individual households: demographic characteristics, energy-related features of the structure, heating equipment and appliances, recent conservation actions taken by the household, and fuel consumption and costs for April 1982-March 1983. We found a number of statistically significant (at the 0.05 level) differences between the two income groups in terms of demographics, heating/cooling/water heating systems, appliance saturation, the thermal integrity of their home, energy conservation behavior, energy consumption, energy expenditures, and the percentage of income spent on energy costs. For example, the non-poor used 22% more energy and paid 25% more money on utilities than the poor; however, the poor spent 20% more energy per square foot than the non-poor and spent about 25% of their income on energy expenditures, compared to 7% for the non-poor. These differences suggest different approaches that might be taken for targeting energy conservation programs to low-income households. Since the poor's ''energy burden'' is large, informational, technical, and financial assistance to low-income households remains an urgent, national priority. 13 refs., 26 tabs.

Vine, E.L.; Reyes, I.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Gauge/gravity duality and jets in strongly coupled plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss jets in strongly coupled N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma and their dual gravitational description.

Chesler, Paul M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Gauge/gravity duality and jets in strongly coupled plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss jets in strongly coupled N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma and their dual gravitational description.

Paul M. Chesler

2009-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

196

Probe measurements of the ionization of air behind strong shocks  

SciTech Connect

Detailed measurements of the ionization of air behind strong shocks over a broad range of shocks velocities are reported. (AIP)

Gorelov, V.A.; Kil' dyushova, L.A.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Strong-field approximation for ionization of a diatomic molecule by a strong laser field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a theory of ionization of diatomic molecules by a strong laser field. A diatomic molecule is considered as a three-particle system, which consists of two heavy atomic (ionic) centers and an electron. After the separation of the center-of-mass coordinate, the dynamics of this system is reduced to the relative electronic and nuclear coordinates. The exact S-matrix element for ionization is presented in a form in which the laser-molecule interaction is emphasized. This form is useful for application of the molecular strong-field approximation (SFA). We introduced two forms of the molecular SFA, one with the field-free and the other with the field-dressed initial molecular bound state. We relate these two forms of our modified molecular SFA to the standard molecular SFAs, introduced previously using the length gauge and the velocity gauge. Numerical examples of the ionization rates of N{sub 2} and O{sub 2} molecules are shown and compared for all four versions of the molecular SFA and we suggest that our modified molecular SFA should be used instead of the standard molecular SFA.

Milosevic, D. B. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

198

A secure and efficient strong-password authentication protocol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Password authentication protocols are divided into two types. One employs the easy-to-remember password while the other requires the strong password. In 2001, Lin et al. proposed an optimal strong-password authentication protocol (OSPA) to resist the ... Keywords: denial-of-service attack, mutual authentication, password authentication, smart card, stolen-verifier attack, strong password

Ya-Fen Chang; Chin-Chen Chang

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

"Table HC7.10 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005" 0 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Home Appliances Usage Indicators" "Total",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Cooking Appliances" "Frequency of Hot Meals Cooked" "3 or More Times A Day",8.2,2.9,2.5,1.3,0.5,1,2.4,4.6 "2 Times A Day",24.6,6.5,7,4.3,3.2,3.6,4.8,10.3 "Once a Day",42.3,8.8,9.8,8.7,5.1,10,5,12.9

200

"Table HC7.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005" 5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Space Heating Usage Indicators" "Total U.S. Housing Units",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Do Not Have Heating Equipment",1.2,0.5,0.3,0.2,"Q",0.2,0.3,0.6 "Have Space Heating Equipment",109.8,26.2,28.5,20.4,13,21.8,16.3,37.9 "Use Space Heating Equipment",109.1,25.9,28.1,20.3,12.9,21.8,16,37.3

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Income Tax Deduction for Energy-Efficient Products | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Income Tax Deduction for Energy-Efficient Products Income Tax Deduction for Energy-Efficient Products Income Tax Deduction for Energy-Efficient Products < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Not to exceed $500 Program Info Start Date 3/23/2007 Expiration Date 07/01/2017 State Virginia Program Type Personal Deduction Rebate Amount 20% of the sales tax paid by an individual Provider Virginia Department of Taxation This incentive is available for dishwashers, clothes washers, air conditioners, ceiling fans, compact fluorescent light bulbs, dehumidifiers, programmable thermostats or refrigerators that meet or exceed federal Energy Star standards. Purchases of fuel cells that generate electricity

202

An Energy Model for a Low Income Rural African Village | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

An Energy Model for a Low Income Rural African Village An Energy Model for a Low Income Rural African Village Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: An Energy Model for a Low Income Rural African Village Agency/Company /Organization: Howells, Alfstad, Victor, Goldstein and Remme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy Phase: Create a Vision Topics: - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: iea-etsap.org/web/Workshop/worksh_6_2003/2003P_howells.pdf Cost: Free UN Region: Southern Africa Language: English This paper reports on efforts to extend a MARKAL energy model for South Africa to include rural energy choices, allowing for computation of optimal energy systems in a typical (non-electrified) rural village.

203

Impact of the FY 2005 Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program on United States Employment and Earned Income  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of subprograms on national employment and income. A special purpose version of the IMPLAN input-output model called ImBuild II is used in this study of 20 subprograms of the Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program contained in the EERE final FY 2005 budget request to the Office of Management and Budget on February 2, 2004. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and earned income are reported by subprogram for selected years to the year 2030. Energy savings and investments from these subprograms have the potential of creating a total of 228,000 jobs and about $3.1 billion in earned income (2003$) by the year 2030.

Scott, Michael J.; Anderson, David M.; Belzer, David B.; Cort, Katherine A.; Dirks, James A.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Hostick, Donna J.

2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

204

Impact of 2001 Building Technology, state and community programs on United States employment and wage income  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of programs on national employment and income. A special purpose version of the IMPLAN input-output model allied In Build is used in this study of all 38 BTS programs included in the FY2001 federal budget. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and wage income are reported by program for selected years to the year 2030. Energy savings from these programs have the potential of creating a total of nearly 332,000 jobs and about $5.3 billion in wage income (1995$) by the year 2030. Because the required investments to achieve these savings are capital intensive, the net effect after investment is 304,000 jobs and $5.0 billion.

MJ Scott; DJ Hostick; DB Elliott

2000-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

205

Impact of the FY 2009 Building Technologies Program on United States Employment and Earned Income  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of subprograms on national employment and income. A special purpose input-output model called ImSET is used in this study of 14 Building Technologies Program subprograms in the EERE final FY 2009 budget request to the Office of Management and Budget in February 2008. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and earned income are reported by subprogram for selected years to the year 2025. Energy savings and investments from these subprograms have the potential of creating a total of 258,000 jobs and about $3.7 billion in earned income (2007$) by the year 2025.

Livingston, Olga V.; Scott, Michael J.; Hostick, Donna J.; Dirks, James A.; Cort, Katherine A.

2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

206

Impact of the FY 2005 Building Technologies Program on United States Employment and Earned Income  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of subprograms on national employment and income. A special purpose version of the IMPLAN input-output model called ImBuild II is used in this study of all 21 Building Technologies Program subprograms in the EERE final FY 2005 budget request to the Office of Management and Budget on February 2, 2004. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and earned income are reported by subprogram for selected years to the year 2030. Energy savings and investments from these subprograms have the potential of creating a total of 396,000 jobs and about $5.6 billion in earned income (2003$) by the year 2030.

Scott, Michael J.; Anderson, Dave M.; Belzer, David B.; Cort, Katherine A.; Dirks, James A.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Hostick, Donna J.

2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

207

Impact of 2001 Building Technology, State and Community Programs on United States Employment and Wage Income  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of programs on national employment and income. A special purpose version of the IMPLAN input-output model called ImBuild is used in this study of all 38 BTS programs included in the FY2001 federal budget. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and wage income are reported by program for selected years to the year 2030. Energy savings from these programs have the potential of creating a total of nearly 332,000 jobs and about $5.3 billion in wage income (1999$) by the year 2030. Because the required investments to achieve these savings are capital intensive, the net effect after investment is 304,000 jobs and $5.0 billion.

Scott, Michael J.; Hostick, Donna J.; Elliott, Douglas B.

2000-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

208

Do homeowners increase consumption after the last mortgage payment? An alternative test of the permanent income hypothesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The maturity date of a mortgage loan marks the end of monthly mortgage payments for homeowners. In the period after the last payment, homeowners experience an increase in their monthly disposable income that is equal to the average monthly mortgage payment. Our study interprets this event as an anticipated increase in income, and analyzes consumption behavior over the transition period. In particular, we test whether households smooth consumption as predicted by the rational expectation Life-Cycle/Permanent Income Hypothesis (Re-LC/PIH). We find that they do. Households do not alter nondurable goods consumption in the period following the last mortgage payment despite the increase in disposable income.

Brahima Coulibaly; Geng Li

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Substance use and intimate partner violence among low income, urban women seeking care in an emergency department.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This three-paper dissertation aims to examine the relationship between using drugs and alcohol and experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) among low income urban women… (more)

Gilbert, Louisa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Low-income energy policy in a restructuring electricity industry: an assessment of federal options  

SciTech Connect

This report identifies both the low-income energy services historically provided in the electricity industry and those services that may be affected by industry restructuring. It identifies policies that are being proposed or could be developed to address low- income electricity services in a restructured industry. It discusses potential federal policy options and identifies key policy and implementation issues that arise when considering these potential federal initiatives. To understand recent policy development at the state level, we reviewed restructuring proposals from eight states and the accompanying testimony and comments filed in restructuring proceedings in these states.

Baxter, L.W.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Fowler-Nordheim Electron Cold Emission Formalism in Presence of Strong Magnetic Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formalisms for both non-relativistic as well as relativistic versions of field emission of electrons in presence of strong quantizing magnetic field, relevant for strongly magnetized neutron stars or magnetars are developed. In the non-relativistic scenario, where electrons obey Schr{$\\ddot{\\rm{o}}$}dinger equation, we have noticed that when Landau levels are populated for electrons in presence of strong quantizing magnetic field the transmission probability exactly vanishes unless the electrons are spin polarized in the opposite direction to the external magnetic field. On the other hand, the cold electron emission under the influence of strong electrostatic field at the poles is totally forbidden from the surface of those compact objects for which the surface magnetic field strength is $\\gg 10^{15}$G (in the eventuality that they may exist). Whereas in the relativistic case, where the electrons obey Dirac equation, the presence of strong quantizing magnetic field completely forbids the emission of electrons from the surface of compact objects if $B >10^{13}$G.

Arpita Ghosh; Somenath Chakrabarty

2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

212

Weak nuclear forces cause the strong nuclear force  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine the strength of the weak nuclear force which holds the lattices of the elementary particles together. We also determine the strength of the strong nuclear force which emanates from the sides of the nuclear lattices. The strong force is the sum of the unsaturated weak forces at the surface of the nuclear lattices. The strong force is then about ten to the power of 6 times stronger than the weak force between two lattice points.

E. L. Koschmieder

2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

213

Evaluation of DOE's Partnership in Low-Income Residential Retrofit (PILIRR) Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In July 1986, the US Department of Energy (DOE) awarded competitive grants to five states to conduct pilot projects to establish partnerships and use resource leveraging to stimulate support for low-income residential energy retrofits. The projects were conducted under DOE's Partnerships in Low-Income Residential Retrofit (PILIRR) Program. These projects have been monitored and analyzed through a concurrent process evaluation conducted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). This study reports the findings of that evaluation. The overriding goal of the PILIRR Program was to determine whether the states could stimulate support for low-income residential energy improvements from non-federal sources. The goal for the process evaluation was to conduct an assessment of the processes used by the states and the extent to which they successfully established partnerships and leveraged resources. Five states were selected to participate in the program: Florida, Iowa, Kentucky, Oklahoma and Washington. Each state proposed a different approach to promote non-federal support for low-income residential weatherization. Three of the five states--Florida, Iowa, and Washington--established partnerships that led to retrofits during the monitoring period (October 1986--October 1988). Kentucky established its partnership during the monitoring period, but did not accomplish its retrofits until after monitoring was complete. Oklahoma completed development of its marketing program and had begun marketing efforts by the end of the monitoring period. 16 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

Callaway, J.W.; Lee, A.D.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Low-Income Renewable Energy Programs: A Survey of State Clean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABOUT THIS CASE STUDY SERIES A number of U.S. states have recently established clean energy funds Energy States Alliance, and by the U.S. Department of Energy (the Assistant Secretary of EnergyLow-Income Renewable Energy Programs: A Survey of State Clean Energy Funds Garrett Fitzgerald, Mark

215

It's not all about "Green": energy use in low-income communities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Personal energy consumption, specifically home energy consumption such as heating, cooling, and electricity, has been an important environmental and economic topic for decades. Despite the attention paid to this area, few researchers have specifically ... Keywords: domestic computing, low-income, sustainability

Tawanna Dillahunt; Jennifer Mankoff; Eric Paulos; Susan Fussell

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Evidence for the Gompertz Curve in the Income Distribution of Brazil 1978-2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work presents an empirical study of the evolution of the personal income distribution in Brazil. Yearly samples available from 1978 to 2005 were studied and evidence was found that the complementary cumulative distribution of personal income for 99% of the economically less favorable population is well represented by a Gompertz curve of the form $G(x)=\\exp [\\exp (A-Bx)]$, where $x$ is the normalized individual income. The complementary cumulative distribution of the remaining 1% richest part of the population is well represented by a Pareto power law distribution $P(x)= \\beta x^{-\\alpha}$. This result means that similarly to other countries, Brazil's income distribution is characterized by a well defined two class system. The parameters $A$, $B$, $\\alpha$, $\\beta$ were determined by a mixture of boundary conditions, normalization and fitting methods for every year in the time span of this study. Since the Gompertz curve is characteristic of growth models, its presence here suggests that these patterns in...

Moura, Newton J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

The Myth of Post-Reform Income Stagnation: Evidence from Brazil and Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate. Economic policies are often judged by a handful of statistics, some of which may be biased during periods of change. We estimate the income growth implied by the evolution of food demand and durable good ownership in post-reform Brazil and Mexico, and find that changes in consumption patterns are inconsistent with official estimates of near stagnant incomes. That is attributed to biases in the price deflator. The estimated unmeasured income gains are higher for poorer households, implying marked reductions in “real ” inequality. These findings challenge the conventional wisdom that post-reform income growth was low and did not benefit the poor. 25BJEL Classification

Irineu De Carvalho Filho; Prepared Irineu; Carvalho Filho; Marcos Chamon

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.9 Low-Income Housing  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

Level and Weatherization Eligibility (Millions) Single-Family Multi-Family Unit Mobile Home 2005 Household Income Own Rent Own Rent Own Rent Less than 15,000 6.1 2.4 0.3 7.1 1.6...

219

Income distribution and the allocation of public agricultural investment in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Income distribution and the allocation of public agricultural investment in developing countries responsible for the views expressed and for any limitiations #12;1 Introduction We compare the distributional average distribution costs, encouraging the growth of a distributional network. The creation of an export

Kammen, Daniel M.

220

Strongly Polynomial Primal-Dual Algorithms for Concave Cost ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 13, 2012 ... This technique yields a strongly polynomial primal-dual algorithm for a concave cost problem whenever such an algorithm exists for the ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Strong Branching Inequalities for Convex Mixed Integer Nonlinear ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 3, 2011 ... ods for using inequalities generated as an immediate byproduct of the strong branching process. Section 3 ...... safety no rotation CH. 18327.

222

Thermodynamics, Hydrodynamics and Critical Phenomena in Strongly Coupled Gauge Theories.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The gauge theory / string theory correspondence has led to great progress in the study of strongly-coupled gauge theories. In this work, we start with… (more)

Pagnutti, Christopher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Certificateless Encryption Schemes Strongly Secure in the Standard ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

encryption (CLE) schemes that are provably secure against strong adver- ... of a number of alternative security models for CLE that are substantially weaker.

224

Enhanced solid waste management by understanding the effects of gender, income, marital status, and religious convictions on attitudes and practices related to street littering in Nablus - Palestinian territory  

SciTech Connect

Litter is recognized as a form of street pollution and a key issue for solid waste managers. Nablus district (West Bank, Palestinian Territory), which has an established network of urban and rural roads, suffers from a wide-spread litter problem that is associated with these roads and is growing steadily with a well-felt negative impact on public health and the environment. The purpose of this research was to study the effects of four socio-economic characteristics (gender, income, marital status, and religious convictions) of district residents on their attitudes, practices, and behavior regarding street litter generation and to suggest possible remedial actions. All four characteristics were found to have strong correlations, not only with littering behavior and practices, but also with potential litter prevention strategies. In particular, the impact of religious convictions of the respondents on their littering habits and attitudes was very clear and interesting to observe.

Al-Khatib, Issam A. [Institute of Environmental and Water Studies (IEWS), Birzeit University, Ramallah (Palestinian Territory, Occupied); Arafat, Hassan A. [Chemical Engineering Department, An-Najah National University, Nablus (Palestinian Territory, Occupied)], E-mail: harafat@najah.edu; Daoud, Raeda; Shwahneh, Hadeel [College of Graduate Studies, An-Najah National University, Nablus (Palestinian Territory, Occupied)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

225

Low-income DSM Programs: Methodological approach to determining the cost-effectiveness of coordinated partnerships  

SciTech Connect

As governments at all levels become increasingly budget-conscious, expenditures on low-income, demand-side management (DSM) programs are being evaluated more on the basis of efficiency at the expense of equity considerations. Budgetary pressures have also caused government agencies to emphasize resource leveraging and coordination with electric and gas utilities as a means of sharing the expenses of low-income programs. The increased involvement of electric and gas utilities in coordinated low-income DSM programs, in turn, has resulted in greater emphasis on estimating program cost-effectiveness. The objective of this study is to develop a methodological approach to estimate the cost- effectiveness of coordinated low-income DSM programs, given the special features that distinguish these programs from other utility-operated DSM programs. The general approach used in this study was to (1) select six coordinated low-income DSM programs from among those currently operating across the United States, (2) examine the main features of these programs, and (3) determine the conceptual and pragmatic problems associated with estimating their cost-effectiveness. Three types of coordination between government and utility cosponsors were identified. At one extreme, local agencies operate {open_quotes}parallel{close_quotes} programs, each of which is fully funded by a single sponsor (e.g., one funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and the other by a utility). At the other extreme are highly {open_quotes}coupled{close_quotes} programs that capitalize on the unique capabilities and resources offered by each cosponsor. In these programs, agencies employ a combination of utility and government funds to deliver weatherization services as part of an integrated effort. In between are {open_quotes}supplemental{close_quotes} programs that utilize resources to supplement the agency`s government-funded weatherization, with no changes to the operation of that program.

Brown, M.A.; Hill, L.J.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

New York, New York 10003-6687The Asymmetric Effects of Changes in Price and Income on Energy and Oil Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper estimates the effects on energy and oil demand of changes in income and oil prices, for 96 of the world’s largest countries, in per-capita terms. We examine three important issues: the asymmetric effects on demand of increases and decreases in oil prices; the asymmetric effects on demand of increases and decreases in income; and the different speeds of demand adjustment to changes in price and in income. Its main conclusions are the following: (1) OECD demand responds much more to increases in oil prices than to decreases; ignoring this asymmetric price response will bias downward the estimated income elasticity; (2) demand’s response to income decreases in many non-OECD countries is not necessarily symmetric to its response to income increases; ignoring this asymmetric income response will bias the estimated income elasticity; (3) the speed of demand adjustment is faster to changes in income than to changes in price; ignoring this difference will bias upward the estimated response to income changes. Using correctly specified equations for energy and oil demand, the long-run elasticity for increases in income is about 0.55 for OECD energy and oil, and 1.0 or higher for Non-OECD Oil Exporters, Income Growers and perhaps all Non-OECD countries. These income elasticity

Dermot Gately; Hillard G. Huntington; Dermot Gately; Hillard G. Huntington; Dermot Gately; Hillard G. Huntington

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Influence of Stratospheric Sudden Warming on AIRS Midtropospheric CO2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Midtropospheric CO2 retrievals from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) were used to explore the influence of stratospheric sudden warming (SSW) on CO2 in the middle to upper troposphere. To choose the SSW events that had strong coupling ...

Xun Jiang; Jingqian Wang; Edward T. Olsen; Thomas Pagano; Luke L. Chen; Yuk L. Yung

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Electrons as Quasi-Bosons in Strong Magnetic Fields and the Stability of Magnetars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Following the recent ideas of Dryzek, Kato, Mu\\~noz and Singleton \\cite{R1} (henceforth we call this paper as R1), that the composite system consisting of an electron along with its screened electric field and within the sphere of influence, the trapped magnetic field of white dwarf can behave like a boson, we have argued that such an exotic transition (bosonization) of electronic component in strongly magnetized neutron star matter in $\\beta$-equilibrium can make the existence of magnetars physically viable.

Soma Mandal; Somenath Chakrabarty

2002-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

229

The Particle Adventure | What holds it together? | Strong  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Standard Model > What holds it together? > Strong The Standard Model > What holds it together? > Strong Strong To understand what is happening inside the nucleus, we need to understand more about the quarks that make up the protons and neutrons in the nucleus. Quarks have electromagnetic charge, and they also have an altogether different kind of charge called color charge. The force between color-charged particles is very strong, so this force is "creatively" called The strong force holds quarks together to form hadrons, so its carrier particles are whimsically called gluons because they so tightly "glue" quarks together. (Other name candidates included the "hold-on," the "duct-tape-it-on," and the "tie-it-on!") Color charge behaves differently than electromagnetic charge. Gluons, themselves, have color charge, which is weird and not at all like photons which do not have electromagnetic charge. And while quarks have color charge, composite particles made out of quarks have no net color charge (they are color neutral). For this reason, the strong force only takes place on the really small level of quark interactions, which is why you are not aware of the strong force in your everyday life

230

Strong monotonicity in mixed-state entanglement manipulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A strong entanglement monotone, which never increases under local operations and classical communications (LOCC), restricts quantum entanglement manipulation more strongly than the usual monotone since the usual one does not increase on average under LOCC. We propose new strong monotones in mixed-state entanglement manipulation under LOCC. These are related to the decomposability and 1-positivity of an operator constructed from a quantum state, and reveal geometrical characteristics of entangled states. These are lower bounded by the negativity or generalized robustness of entanglement.

Satoshi Ishizaka

2006-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

231

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.9 Low-Income Housing  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Energy Burden Definitions Energy burden is an important statistic for policy makers who are considering the need for energy assistance. Energy burden can be defined broadly as the burden placed on household incomes by the cost of energy, or more simply, the ratio of energy expenditures to household income. However, there are different ways to compute energy burden, and different interpretations and uses of the energy burden statistics. DOE Weatherization primarily uses mean individual burden and mean group burden since these statistics provide data on how an "average" individual household fares against an "average" group of households (that is, how burdens are distributed for the population). DOE Weatherization (and HHS) also uses the median individual burden which shows

232

Income Tax Evasion Dynamics: Evidence from an Agent-based Econophysics Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze income tax evasion dynamics in a standard model of statistical mechanics, the Ising model of ferromagnetism. However, in contrast to previous research, we use an inhomogeneous multi-dimensional Ising model where the local degrees of freedom (agents) are subject to a specific social temperature and coupled to external fields which govern their social behavior. This new modeling frame allows for analyzing large societies of four different and interacting agent types. As a second novelty, our model may reproduce results from agent-based models that incorporate standard Allingham and Sandmo tax evasion features as well as results from existing two-dimensional Ising based tax evasion models. We then use our model for analyzing income tax evasion dynamics under different enforcement scenarios and point to some policy implications.

Pickhardt, Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Feasibility of an energy-related loan program for low-income homeowners  

SciTech Connect

The study explores the opportunities to create an interest subsidized residential retrofit loan program which would assist low-income homeowners to substantially reduce their utility bills. Energy conservation techniques which would be cost effective in a loan package were identified. The methodology used included a literature search to locate wherever possible actual measurements of energy and cost savings for areas of energy use and supply including furnace retrofits, water heating, appliances, lights, the effects of natural and mechanical ventilation, and the use of renewable energy sources such as solar space and water heating. An engineering/economic analysis of the options available through a 20 year loan program and at interest rates of 1, 3, and 6% was performed. It was found that substantial reductions in utility bills can be obtained with such a loan program. The information in the study would be useful to other income groups besides the poor. References and a list of information sources are included.

Eccli, E.

1977-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

An Iterative EnKF for Strongly Nonlinear Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study considers an iterative formulation of the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) for strongly nonlinear systems in the perfect-model framework. In the first part, a scheme is introduced that is similar to the ensemble randomized maximal ...

Pavel Sakov; Dean S. Oliver; Laurent Bertino

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Simulations of Trade Wind Cumuli under a Strong Inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fifth intercomparison of the Global Water and Energy Experiment Cloud System Studies Working Group 1 is used as a vehicle for better understanding the dynamics of trade wind cumuli capped by a strong inversion. The basis of the ...

Bjorn Stevens; Andrew S. Ackerman; Bruce A. Albrecht; Andrew R. Brown; Andreas Chlond; Joan Cuxart; Peter G. Duynkerke; David C. Lewellen; Malcolm K. Macvean; Roel A. J. Neggers; Enrique Sánchez; A. Pier Siebesma; David E. Stevens

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Strong-field spatial interference in a tailored electromagnetic bath  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light scattered by a regular structure of atoms can exhibit interference signatures, similar to the classical double-slit. These first-order interferences, however, vanish for strong light intensities, restricting potential applications. Here, we show how to overcome these limitations to quantum interference in strong fields. First, we recover the first-order interference in strong fields via a tailored electromagnetic bath with a suitable frequency dependence. At strong driving, the optical properties for different spectral bands are distinct, thus extending the set of observables. We further show that for a two-photon detector as, e.g., in lithography, increasing the field intensity leads to twice the spatial resolution of the second-order interference pattern compared to the weak-field case.

M. Macovei; J. Evers; G. -x. Li; C. H. Keitel

2006-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

237

Wind and solar power electric generation to see strong growth...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

by roughly 30 percent in each of the next two years. Even with such strong growth, the amount of solar energy will remain a very small part of the total U.S. electricity supply...

238

Risk of Strong Hurricane Winds to Florida Cities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A statistical procedure for estimating the risk of strong winds from hurricanes is demonstrated and applied to several major cities in Florida. The procedure, called the hurricane risk calculator, provides an estimate of wind risk over different ...

Jill C. Malmstadt; James B. Elsner; Thomas H. Jagger

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

A Stochastic Model for the Transition to Strong Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple stochastic model is designed and analyzed in order to further understand the transition to strong convection. The transition has been characterized recently in observational data by an array of statistical measures, including (i) a sharp ...

Samuel N. Stechmann; J. David Neelin

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Pairing and superfluidity in strongly interacting Fermi gases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes experiments with superfluid spin mixtures of ultracold fermionic 6Li atoms. The properties of the strongly interacting gas are studied in the crossover regime between Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) ...

Schunck, Christian H. (Christian Heinrich)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A Diagnostic Comparison of Alaskan and Siberian Strong Anticyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Strong anticyclones have a significant impact on the cool season climate over mid- and high-latitude landmasses as they are typically accompanied by arctic air masses that can eventually move into populated midlatitude regions. Composite analyses ...

Justin E. Jones; Judah Cohen

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Relationships between Tidal Dynamics and Bathymetry in Strongly Convergent Estuaries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Localized analytical solutions are derived for the propagation of a single (predominant) tidal constituent in estuaries with strongly convergent triangular cross sections. The advective term is neglected, and the friction term is linearized. The ...

D. Prandle

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Upgrade energy building standards and develop rating system for existing low-income housing  

SciTech Connect

The city of Memphis Division of Housing and Community Development (HCD) receives grant funding each year from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to provide local housing assistance to low-income residents. Through the years, HCD has found that many of the program recipients have had difficulty in managing their households, particularly in meeting monthly financial obligations. One of the major operating costs to low-income households is the utility bill. Furthermore, HCD`s experience has revealed that many low-income residents are simply unaware of ways to reduce their utility bill. Most of the HCD funds are distributed to low-income persons as grants or no/low interest loans for the construction or rehabilitation of single-family dwellings. With these funds, HCD builds 80 to 100 new houses and renovates about 500 homes each year. Houses constructed or renovated by HCD must meet HUD`s minimum energy efficiency standards. While these minimum standards are more than adequate to meet local building codes, they are not as aggressive as the energy efficiency standards being promoted by the national utility organizations and the home building industry. Memphis Light, Gas and Water (MLGW), a city-owned utility, has developed an award-winning program named Comfort Plus which promotes energy efficiency{open_quote} in new residential construction. Under Comfort Plus, MLGW models house plans on computer for a fee and recommends cost-effective alterations which improve the energy efficiency of the house. If the builder agrees to include these recommendations, MLGW will certify the house and guarantee a maximum annual heating/cooling bill for two years. While the Comfort Plus program has received recognition in the new construction market, it does not address the existing housing stock.

Muller, D.; Norville, C. [Memphis and Shelby County Div. of Planning and Development, TN (United States)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Middle East and Central Asia Department Oil Prices, External Income, and Growth: Lessons from Jordan 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate. This paper extends the long-run growth model of Esfahani et al. (2009) to a labor exporting country that receives large inflows of external income—the sum of remittances, FDI and general government transfers—from major oil-exporting economies. The theoretical model predicts real oil prices to be one of the main long-run drivers of real output. Using quarterly data between 1979 and 2009 on core macroeconomic variables for Jordan and a number of key foreign variables, we identify two long-run relationships: an output equation as predicted by theory and an equation linking foreign and domestic inflation rates. It is shown that real output in the long run is shaped by: (i) oil prices through their impact on external income and in turn on capital accumulation, and (ii) technological transfers through foreign output. The empirical analysis of the paper confirms the hypothesis that a large share of Jordan's output volatility can be associated with fluctuations in net income received from abroad. External factors, however, cannot be relied upon to provide similar growth stimuli in the future, and therefore it will be important to diversify the sources of growth in order to achieve a high and sustained level of income.

Prepared Kamiar Mohaddes; Mehdi Raissi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Energy consumption and expenditure projections by income quintile on the basis of the Annual Energy Outlook 1997 forecast  

SciTech Connect

This report presents an analysis of the relative impacts of the base-case scenario used in the Annual Energy Outlook 1997, published by the US Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, on income quintile groups. Projected energy consumption and expenditures, and projected energy expenditures as a share of income, for the period 1993 to 2015 are reported. Projected consumption of electricity, natural gas, distillate fuel, and liquefied petroleum gas over this period is also reported for each income group. 33 figs., 11 tabs.

Poyer, D.A.; Allison, T.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Colliding clouds of strongly interacting spin-polarized fermions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by a recent experiment at MIT, we consider the collision of two clouds of spin-polarized atomic Fermi gases close to a Feshbach resonance. We explain why two dilute gas clouds, with underlying attractive interactions between their constituents, bounce off each other in the strongly interacting regime. Our hydrodynamic analysis, in excellent agreement with experiment, gives strong evidence for a metastable many-body state with effective repulsive interactions.

Taylor, Edward; Zhang Shizhong; Schneider, William; Randeria, Mohit [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

Mixtures of strongly interacting bosons in optical lattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of strongly interacting heteronuclear boson-boson mixtures loaded in realistic optical lattices, with particular emphasis on the physics of interfaces. In particular, we numerically reproduce some surprising results of a recent experiment, providing a simple explanation. We then investigate the robustness against the inhomogeneity typical of realistic experimental realizations of the glassy {\\it quantum emulsions} recently predicted to occur in strongly interacting boson-boson mixtures on ideal homogeneous lattices.

Buonsante, P; Illuminati, F; Penna, V; Vezzani, A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Viscoelastic modes in a strongly coupled, cold, magnetized dusty plasma  

SciTech Connect

A generalized hydrodynamical model has been used to study the low frequency modes in a strongly coupled, cold, magnetized dusty plasma. Such plasmas exhibit elastic properties due to the strong correlations among dust particles and the tensile stresses imparted by the magnetic field. It has been shown that longitudinal compressional Alfven modes and elasticity modified transverse shear mode exist in such a medium. The features of these collective modes are established and discussed.

Banerjee, Debabrata; Mylavarapu, Janaki Sita; Chakrabarti, Nikhil [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, I/AF Bidhannagar, Calcutta 700 064 (India)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

249

The strong coupling from tau decays without prejudice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review our recent determination of the strong coupling \\alpha_s from the OPAL data for non-strange hadronic tau decays. We find that \\alpha_s(m^2_\\tau) =0.325+-0.018 using fixed-order perturbation theory, and \\alpha_s(m^2_\\tau)=0.347+-0.025 using contour-improved perturbation theory. At present, these values supersede any earlier determinations of the strong coupling from hadronic tau decays, including those from ALEPH data.

Boito, Diogo; Jamin, Matthias; Mahdavi, Andisheh; Maltman, Kim; Osborne, James; Peris, Santiago

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Table HC1-3a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income, 3a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total 2001 Household Income Below Poverty Line Eli- gible for Fed- eral Assist- ance 1 RSE Row Factors Less than $14,999 $15,000 to $29,999 $30,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or More 0.6 1.3 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.4 1.0 Total ............................................... 107.0 18.7 22.9 27.1 38.3 15.0 33.8 3.3 Census Region and Division Northeast ...................................... 20.3 3.3 4.2 4.9 7.8 2.6 6.8 6.4 New England .............................. 5.4 0.8 1.1 1.3 2.3 0.6 1.6 9.9 Middle Atlantic ............................ 14.8 2.6 3.2 3.5 5.6 2.0 5.2 7.7 Midwest ......................................... 24.5 3.7 5.2 6.8 8.9 2.8 7.4 5.8 East North Central ......................

251

On the Incidence and Kinematics of Strong Mg II Absorbers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of two investigations into the nature of strong (rest equivalent width > 1.0 Ang) Mg II absorption systems at high redshift. The first line of questioning examines the complete SDSS- DR3 set of quasar spectra to determine the evolution of the incidence of strong Mg II absorption. The redshift evolution of the comoving line-of-sight number density, l(x), is characterized by a roughly constant value at z > 0.8, indicating that the product of the number density and gas cross-section of halos hosting strong Mg II is unevolving at these redshifts. At z gas cross-section to strong Mg II absorption and therefore a decline in the physical processes relevant to such absorption. This evolution roughly tracks the global evolution of the SFR density. The decrease of l(x) is more pronounced for larger equivalent width systems. We also present the results of a search for strong Mg II absorption in 91 high resolution quasar spectra, which allow us to investigate the kinematics of such systems. These systems are characterized by the presence of numerous components spread over a ~200 km/s velocity width and the presence of more highly ionized species, which display kinematic profiles similar to the corresponding Mg II absorption. We consider these results in light of two competing theories to explain strong Mg II absorption: post-starburst, SN-driven galactic winds and accreting gas in the halos of massive galaxies. The later model is disfavored by the absence of evolution in l(x) at z > 1. We argue that the strong Mg II phenomenon primarily arises from feedback processes in relatively low mass galactic halos related to star formation.

Gabriel E. Prochter; Jason X. Prochaska; Scott Burles

2004-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

252

Enhanced thermal photon and dilepton production in strongly coupled N=4 SYM plasma in strong magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the DC conductivity tensor of strongly coupled N=4 super-Yang-Mills (SYM) plasma in a presence of a strong external magnetic field B>>T^2 by using its gravity dual and employing both the RG flow approach and membrane paradigm which give the same results. We find that, since the magnetic field B induces anisotropy in the plasma, different components of the DC conductivity tensor have different magnitudes depending on whether its components are in the direction of the magnetic field B. In particular, we find that a component of the DC conductivity tensor in the direction of the magnetic field B increases linearly with B while the other components (which are not in the direction of the magnetic field B) are independent of it. These results are consistent with the lattice computations of the DC conductivity tensor of the QCD plasma in an external magnetic field B. Using the DC conductivity tensor, we calculate the soft or low-frequency thermal photon and dilepton production rates of the strongly coupled N=4 SYM plasma in the presence of the strong external magnetic field B>>T^2. We find that the strong magnetic field B enhances both the thermal photon and dilepton production rates of the strongly coupled N=4 SYM plasma in a qualitative agreement with the experimentally observed enhancements at the heavy-ion collision experiments.

Kiminad A. Mamo

2012-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

253

Estimations of Cloud Optical Thickness from Ground-Based Measurements of Incoming Solar Radiation in the Arctic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique for evaluation of cloud optical thickness (plant-parallel, homogeneous layer) from ground-based measurements of incoming solar irradiance using a simple radiation model is introduced. The sensitivities of downward and upward fluxes of ...

E. Leontyeva; K. Stamnes

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Own-price and income elasticities for household electricity demand : a survey of literature using meta-regression analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Maria Wist Langmoen Own-price and income elasticities for household electricity demand -A Literature survey using meta-regression analysis Economists have been modelling the electricity demand for… (more)

Langmoen, Maria Wist

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Transverse spin diffusion in strongly interacting Fermi gases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute spin diffusion in a dilute Fermi gas at arbitrary temperature, polarization and strong interaction in the normal phase using kinetic theory. While the longitudinal spin diffusivity depends weakly on polarization and diverges for small temperatures, the transverse spin diffusivity D_\\perp has a strong polarization dependence and approaches a finite value for T->0 in the Fermi liquid phase. For a 3D unitary Fermi gas at infinite scattering length the diffusivities reach a minimum near the quantum limit of diffusion \\hbar/m in the quantum degenerate regime and are strongly suppressed by medium scattering, and we discuss the importance of the spin-rotation effect. In two dimensions, D_\\perp attains a minimum at strong coupling -1 < ln(kFa2D) < 1 and reaches D_\\perp~0.2...0.3\\hbar/m at large polarization. These values are consistent with recent measurements of two-dimensional ultracold atomic gases in the strong coupling regime.

Tilman Enss

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

256

Veteran Leadership Strong at Idaho's Laboratory | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Veteran Leadership Strong at Idaho's Laboratory Veteran Leadership Strong at Idaho's Laboratory Veteran Leadership Strong at Idaho's Laboratory June 1, 2012 - 3:50pm Addthis Navy personnel stationed in Idaho Falls, Idaho, in the mid 1950s learn how to operate the Nautilus S1W, the prototype of the Navy's first nuclear-powered submarine. | Photo courtesy of Idaho National Laboratory Navy personnel stationed in Idaho Falls, Idaho, in the mid 1950s learn how to operate the Nautilus S1W, the prototype of the Navy's first nuclear-powered submarine. | Photo courtesy of Idaho National Laboratory Ethan Huffman External Outreach Lead, Idaho National Laboratory How many veterans work at INL? Almost 400 employees at the laboratory have served in one of the five military branches during their careers. Four of the six executive leaders at INL have a combined total of 80

257

Boise Buses Running Strong with Clean Cities | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Boise Buses Running Strong with Clean Cities Boise Buses Running Strong with Clean Cities Boise Buses Running Strong with Clean Cities May 28, 2013 - 12:05pm Addthis Working with Republic Services, the city of Boise and Valley Regional Transit, Treasure Valley Clean Cities built four compressed natural gas (CNG) fueling stations that allowed all three organizations to transition to CNG vehicles. | Photo courtesy of Valley Regional Transit. Working with Republic Services, the city of Boise and Valley Regional Transit, Treasure Valley Clean Cities built four compressed natural gas (CNG) fueling stations that allowed all three organizations to transition to CNG vehicles. | Photo courtesy of Valley Regional Transit. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What are the key facts?

258

Solar Farm Going Strong at Water Treatment Plant in Pennsylvania |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Farm Going Strong at Water Treatment Plant in Pennsylvania Farm Going Strong at Water Treatment Plant in Pennsylvania Solar Farm Going Strong at Water Treatment Plant in Pennsylvania October 8, 2010 - 10:39am Addthis Aqua Pennsylvania, Inc. installed a 1 MW solar farm at its Ingram’s Mill Water Treatment Plant in East Bradford, Pa. The solar project is saving the water company $77,000 a year. | File photo Aqua Pennsylvania, Inc. installed a 1 MW solar farm at its Ingram's Mill Water Treatment Plant in East Bradford, Pa. The solar project is saving the water company $77,000 a year. | File photo Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE It takes a lot of energy to run a water treatment plant round-the-clock. And pumping 35 million gallons of water a day to hundreds of thousands businesses and residents can get expensive.

259

Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong April 9, 2010 - 3:16pm Addthis NRG's new building utilizes solar power, but their products measure wind potential. | Photo courtesy NRG Systems NRG's new building utilizes solar power, but their products measure wind potential. | Photo courtesy NRG Systems Joshua DeLung NRG Systems, of Hinesburg, Vt., has made products to help its customers measure and understand the potential of wind energy since 1982. Now, because of additional opportunities the Recovery Act has created for renewable energy companies, small businesses such as NRG Systems are poised to grow with the increased demand for proven wind measurement and turbine control equipment. NRG Systems' customers are primarily developers, utilities and research

260

Veteran Leadership Strong at Idaho's Laboratory | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Veteran Leadership Strong at Idaho's Laboratory Veteran Leadership Strong at Idaho's Laboratory Veteran Leadership Strong at Idaho's Laboratory June 1, 2012 - 3:50pm Addthis Navy personnel stationed in Idaho Falls, Idaho, in the mid 1950s learn how to operate the Nautilus S1W, the prototype of the Navy's first nuclear-powered submarine. | Photo courtesy of Idaho National Laboratory Navy personnel stationed in Idaho Falls, Idaho, in the mid 1950s learn how to operate the Nautilus S1W, the prototype of the Navy's first nuclear-powered submarine. | Photo courtesy of Idaho National Laboratory Ethan Huffman External Outreach Lead, Idaho National Laboratory How many veterans work at INL? Almost 400 employees at the laboratory have served in one of the five military branches during their careers. Four of the six executive leaders at INL have a combined total of 80

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong April 9, 2010 - 3:16pm Addthis NRG's new building utilizes solar power, but their products measure wind potential. | Photo courtesy NRG Systems NRG's new building utilizes solar power, but their products measure wind potential. | Photo courtesy NRG Systems Joshua DeLung NRG Systems, of Hinesburg, Vt., has made products to help its customers measure and understand the potential of wind energy since 1982. Now, because of additional opportunities the Recovery Act has created for renewable energy companies, small businesses such as NRG Systems are poised to grow with the increased demand for proven wind measurement and turbine control equipment. NRG Systems' customers are primarily developers, utilities and research

262

The Blue Ribbon Commission Offers Strong Step Forward | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Blue Ribbon Commission Offers Strong Step Forward The Blue Ribbon Commission Offers Strong Step Forward The Blue Ribbon Commission Offers Strong Step Forward July 29, 2011 - 12:27pm Addthis Damien LaVera Damien LaVera Deputy Director, Office of Public Affairs Today, the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future issued a draft of its recommendations. The Obama Administration continues to believe that nuclear energy has an important role to play as America moves to a clean energy future. As part of our commitment to restarting the American nuclear industry and creating thousands of new jobs and export opportunities in the process, we are committed to finding a sustainable approach to assuring safe, secure long-term disposal of used nuclear fuel and nuclear waste. Secretary Chu appreciates the hard work done by the members of the Blue

263

Strong Energy Condition in $R + R^2$ Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we study Raychaudhuri's equation in the background of $R + \\beta R^2$ gravity with a phenomenological matter ($\\rho \\propto a(t)^{-n}$). We conclude that even though the Strong Energy Condition (S.E.C.) for Einstein's gravity, which guarantees singularity, is $n\\geq 2$ for $\\rho \\propto a(t)^{-n}$, a perturbative analysis of Raychaudhuri's equation in the background of $R + \\beta R^2$ gravity reveals that the big bang singularity may not be guaranteed for $n > 4$. We derive the following Strong Energy Conditions for $R + \\beta R^2$ ($\\beta \

J. H. Kung

1995-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

264

Strongly Coupled Plasmas via Rydberg-Blockade of Cold Atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose and analyze a new scheme to produce ultracold neutral plasmas deep in the strongly coupled regime. The method exploits the interaction blockade between cold atoms excited to high-lying Rydberg states and therefore does not require substantial extensions of current ultracold plasma experiments. Extensive simulations reveal a universal behavior of the resulting Coulomb coupling parameter, providing a direct connection between the physics of strongly correlated Rydberg gases and ultracold plasmas. The approach is shown to reduce currently accessible temperatures by more than an order of magnitude, which opens up a new regime for ultracold plasma research and cold ion-beam applications with readily available experimental techniques.

Bannasch, G; Pohl, T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Mixtures of Strongly Interacting Bosons in Optical Lattices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of strongly interacting heteronuclear boson-boson mixtures loaded in realistic optical lattices, with particular emphasis on the physics of interfaces. In particular, we numerically reproduce the recent experimental observation that the addition of a small fraction of {sup 41}K induces a significant loss of coherence in {sup 87}Rb, providing a simple explanation. We then investigate the robustness against the inhomogeneity typical of realistic experimental realizations of the glassy quantum emulsions recently predicted to occur in strongly interacting boson-boson mixtures on ideal homogeneous lattices.

Buonsante, P.; Penna, V. [C.N.I.S.M. and Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Torino, C.so Duca degli Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Torino (Italy); Giampaolo, S. M. [Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, Via Ponte don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano (Italy); CNR-INFM Coherentia, Napoli, Italy, and CNISM Unita di Salerno, and INFN Sezione di Napoli, Gruppo collegato di Salerno, Baronissi (Italy); Illuminati, F. [Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, Via Ponte don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano (Italy); CNR-INFM Coherentia, Napoli, Italy, and CNISM Unita di Salerno, and INFN Sezione di Napoli, Gruppo collegato di Salerno, Baronissi (Italy); Institute for Scientific Interchange, Viale Settimio Severo 65, 10133 Torino (Italy); Vezzani, A. [CNR-INFM and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Parma, V.le G.P. Usberti n.7/A, I-43100 Parma (Italy)

2008-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

266

Mixtures of strongly interacting bosons in optical lattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of strongly interacting heteronuclear boson-boson mixtures loaded in realistic optical lattices, with particular emphasis on the physics of interfaces. In particular, we numerically reproduce the recent experimental observation that the addition of a small fraction of K induces a significant loss of coherence in Rb, providing a simple explanation. We then investigate the robustness against the inhomogeneity typical of realistic experimental realizations of the glassy quantum emulsions recently predicted to occur in strongly interacting boson-boson mixtures on ideal homogeneous lattices.

P. Buonsante; S. M. Giampaolo; F. Illuminati; V. Penna; A. Vezzani

2008-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

267

Nuclear Collective Excitation by a Short Strong Laser Pulse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the conditions on the average laser energy and the mean photon number such that a short strong laser pulse causes collective nuclear excitation. We use the Giant Dipole Resonance as a representative example, and a random-matrix description of the fine-structure states and perturbation theory as tools.

Weidenmueller, Hans A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Strong downslope wind events in Ammassalik, SE Greenland  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ammassalik in SE Greenland is known for strong winds events that can reach hurricane intensity and cause severe destruction in the local town. Yet, these winds and their impact on the nearby fjord and shelf region have not been studied in detail.

M. Oltmanns; F. Straneo; G. W. K. Moore; S. H. Mernild

269

Two Types of Strong Northeast Asian Summer Monsoon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics of a strong northeast Asian summer monsoon (NEASM) with and without (A and B type, respectively) a basinwide warming in the Indian Ocean during the preceding winter are examined for the period of 1979–2006. In the case of the ...

Jung-Eun Kim; Sang-Wook Yeh; Song-You Hong

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Beta-Induced Translation of Strong Isolated Eddies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Strong eddies on the ? plane are considered within the framework of the one-layer primitive equations. The attention is focused on calculating the ?-induced changes to the spatial structure of the eddy, as well as the speed of its translation. In ...

E. S. Benilov

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Security analysis of the strong diffie-hellman problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Let g be an element of prime order p in an abelian group and $\\alpha\\in {{\\mathbb Z}}_p$. We show that if g, g?, and $g^{\\alpha^d}$ are given for a positive divisor d of p–1, we can ... Keywords: Diffie-Hellman, ElGamal encryption, blind signature, discrete logarithm, strong Diffie-Hellman

Jung Hee Cheon

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURAL STUDIES OF STRONG GLOW DISCHARGE POLYMER COATINGS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

OAK A271 COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURAL STUDIES OF STRONG GLOW DISCHARGE POLYMER COATINGS. An investigation of the chemical composition and structure of strong glow discharge (GDP) polymer shells made for cryogenic experiments at OMEGA is described. The investigation was carried out using combustion and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis. The strongest coatings were observed to have the lowest hydrogen content or hydrogen/carbon H/C ratio, whereas the weakest coatings had the highest hydrogen content or H/C ratio. Chemical composition results from combustion were used to complement FTIR analysis to determine the relative hydrogen content of as-fabricated coatings. Good agreement was observed between composition results obtained from combustion and FTIR analysis. FTIR analysis of coating structures showed the strongest coatings to have less terminal methyl groups and a more double bond or olefinic structure. Strong GDP coatings that were aged in air react more with oxygen and moisture than standard GDP coatings. In addition to a more olefinic structure, there may also be more free-radial sites present in strong GDP coatings, which leads to greater oxygen uptake.

CZECHOWICZ, DG; CASTILLO, ER; NIKROO, A

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Strong concepts: Intermediate-level knowledge in interaction design research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Design-oriented research practices create opportunities for constructing knowledge that is more abstracted than particular instances, without aspiring to be at the scope of generalized theories. We propose an intermediate design knowledge form that we ... Keywords: Design research, bare-skin connection, seamfulness, social navigation, strong concepts

Kristina Höök; Jonas Löwgren

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Common Origin of (-)^L, (-)^{3B}, and Strong CP Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The multiplicative conservation of both lepton and baryon numbers, i.e. (-)^L and (-)^{3B}, is connected to an axionic solution of the strong CP problem in a supersymmetric, unifiable model of quark and lepton interactions. New particles are predicted at the TeV scale, with verifiable consequences at the Large Hadron Collider.

Ernest Ma

2008-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

275

Project #: UM08-Q3Saving among Low-Income Women: Motivation and Obstacles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How do low-income households think about saving? What motivations do they identify for saving, and what obstacles to meeting their goals? We use data from qualitative interviews with 51 households in Detroit to shed light on these questions. We find that they wish they could save- primarily for protection against the unexpected or to put children through college- but that most of them cannot. Friends and family surface as a major obstacle to saving, since those who have liquid assets are asked for help. When savings is feasible in this population, it occurs

Helen Levy; Kristin Seefeldt; Helen Levy; Kristin Seefeldt; Ann Arbor; Andrea Fischer Newman; Ann Arbor; Andrew C. Richner; Grosse Pointe; Park S. Martin; Helen Levy; Kristin Seefeldt

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.9 Low-Income Housing  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

7 7 Residential Energy Burdens, by Weatherization Eligibility and Year (1) 1987 Mean Mean Mean Mean Mdn Mean Mean Mdn Mean Group Indvdl Group Indvdl Indvdl Group Indvdl Indvdl Group Total U.S. Households 4.0% 6.8% 3.2% 6.1% 3.5% 2.4% 7.2% 4.4% 3.2% Federally Eligible 13.0% 14.4% 10.1% 12.1% 7.9% 7.7% 13.8% 9.6% 10.0% Federally Ineligible 4.0% 3.5% N.A. 3.0% 2.6% 2.0% 3.6% 3.1% 2.6% Below 125% Poverty Line 13.0% N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. Note(s): Source(s): 1990 FY 2000 (2) FY 2009 (3) 1) Energy burden can be defined broadly as the burden placed on household incomes by the cost of energy, or the ratio of energy expenditures to income for a household. DOE Weatherization primarily uses mean individual burden and mean group burden since these statistics provide data on how an "average" individual household fares against an "average" group of households (that is, how burdens are

277

One Hundred Years of Oil Income and the Iranian Economy: A Curse or a Blessing?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the impact of oil revenues on the Iranian economy over the past hundred years, spanning the period 1908–2010. It is shown that although oil has been produced in Iran over a very long period, its importance in the Iranian economy was relatively small up until the early 1960s. It is argued that oil income has been both a blessing and a curse. Oil revenues when managed appropriately are a blessing, but their volatility (which in Iran is much higher than oil price volatility) can have adverse e¤ects on real output, through excessively high and persistent levels of in‡ation. Lack of appropriate institutions and policy mechanisms which act as shock absorbers in the face of high levels of oil revenue volatility have also become a drag on real output. In order to promote growth, policies should be devised to control in‡ation; to serve as shock absorbers negating the adverse e¤ects of oil revenue volatility; to reduce rent seeking activities; and to prevent excessive dependence of government …nances on oil income. We are grateful to Parvin Alizadeh, Hassan Hakimian and conference participants at the University of

Kamiar Mohaddes A; M. Hashem Pesaran B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

H. David Politzer, Asymptotic Freedom, and Strong Interaction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

H. David Politzer, Asymptotic Freedom, and Strong Interaction Resources with Additional Information H. David Politzer Photo Credit: California Institute of Technology H. David Politzer has won the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics 'for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction'. 'Politzer, a professor of theoretical physics at the California Institute of Technology, shares the prize with David Gross and Frank Wilczek. The key discovery celebrated by [the] prize was made in 1973, when Politzer, a Harvard University graduate student at the time, and two physicists working independently from Politzer at Princeton University-Gross and his graduate student Wilczek-theorized that quarks actually become bound more tightly the farther they get from each other.

279

Entanglement creation in cold molecular gases using strong laser pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While many-particle entanglement can be found in natural solids and strongly interacting atomic and molecular gases, generating highly entangled states between weakly interacting particles in a controlled and scalable way presents a significant challenge. We describe here a one-step method to generate entanglement in a dilute gas of cold polar molecules. For molecules in optical traps separated by a few micrometers, we show that maximally entangled states can be created using the strong off-resonant pulses that are routinely used in molecular alignment experiments. We show that the resulting alignment-mediated entanglement can be detected by measuring laser-induced fluorescence with single-site resolution and that signatures of this molecular entanglement also appear in the microwave absorption spectra of the molecular ensemble. We analyze the robustness of these entangled molecular states with respect to intensity fluctuations of the trapping laser and discuss possible applications of the system for quantum information processing.

Felipe Herrera; Sabre Kais; K. Birgitta Whaley

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

280

Introduction - Strong interaction in the nuclear medium: new trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent achievements in nuclear forces theory open new perspectives for the next decade of low energy nuclear physics, bringing together people from very different communities. Although many developments remain to be done, the possibility to directly use QCD to describe nuclear system is a major challenge that is within reach. In this introduction to the 2009 International Joliot-Curie School (EJC2009), new trends in the strong nuclear interaction are summarized starting from quarks and ending with finite or infinite nuclear systems. At different energy scales, selected new concepts and ideas have been discussed in a rather simple way. Recent advances in the theory of nuclear forces, thanks to chiral perturbation and effective field theories, have led to a new generation of strong nuclear interaction particularly suited to low energy nuclear physics. The interesting aspects of new interactions compared to conventional forces are underlined. Recent achievements in ab initio theories that directly start from the...

Lacroix, Denis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Strongs Prairie, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strongs Prairie, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Strongs Prairie, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.0613558°, -89.9759616° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.0613558,"lon":-89.9759616,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

282

Optomechanics with molecules in a strongly pumped ring cavity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cavity cooling of an atom works best on a cyclic optical transition in the strong coupling regime near resonance, where small cavity photon numbers suffice for trapping and cooling. Due to the absence of closed transitions a straightforward application to molecules fails: optical pumping can lead the particle into uncoupled states. An alternative operation in the far off-resonant regime generates only very slow cooling due to the reduced field-molecule coupling. We predict to overcome this by using a strongly driven ring-cavity operated in the sideband cooling regime. As in the optomechanical setups one takes advantage of a collectively enhanced field-molecule coupling strength using a large photon number. A linearized analytical treatment confirmed by full numerical quantum simulations predicts fast cooling despite the off-resonant small single molecule - single photon coupling. Even ground state cooling can be obtained by tuning the cavity field close to the Anti-stokes sideband for sufficiently high trappi...

Schulze, R J; Ritsch, H

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Prospects for Strong Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics with Superconducting Circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a realizable architecture using one-dimensional transmission line resonators to reach the strong coupling limit of cavity quantum electrodynamics in superconducting electrical circuits. The vacuum Rabi frequency for the coupling of cavity photons to quantized excitations of an adjacent electrical circuit (qubit) can easily exceed the damping rates of both the cavity and the qubit. This architecture is attractive for quantum computing and control, since it provides strong inhibition of spontaneous emission, potentially leading to greatly enhanced qubit lifetimes, allows high-fidelity quantum non-demolition measurements of the state of multiple qubits, and has a natural mechanism for entanglement of qubits separated by centimeter distances. In addition it would allow production of microwave photon states of fundamental importance for quantum communication.

S. M. Girvin; Ren-Shou Huang; Alexandre Blais; Andreas Wallraff; R. J. Schoelkopf

2003-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

284

Strongly driven one-atom laser and decoherence monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose the implementation of a strongly driven one-atom laser, based on the off-resonant interaction of a three-level atom in {lambda} configuration with a single cavity mode and three laser fields. We show that the system can be described equivalently by a two-level atom resonantly coupled to the cavity and driven by a strong effective coherent field. The effective dynamics can be solved exactly, including a thermal field bath, allowing an analytical description of field statistics and entanglement properties. We also show the possible generation of quantum superposition (Schroedinger cat) states for the whole atom-field system and for the field alone after atomic measurement. We propose a way to monitor the system decoherence by measuring atomic populations. Finally, we confirm the validity of our model through numerical solutions.

Lougovski, P. [Hearne Institute for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, 202 Nicholson Hall, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States); Casagrande, F.; Lulli, A. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Milano, Via Celoria 16, 20133 Milan (Italy); Solano, E. [Physics Department, ASC, and CeNS, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet, Theresienstrasse 37, 80333 Munich (Germany); Seccion Fisica, Departamento de Ciencias, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru, Apartado 1761, Lima (Peru)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

285

An overshoot solar dynamo with a strong return meridional flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The meridional circulation plays an essential role in determining the basic mechanism of the dynamo action in case the of a low eddy diffusivity. Flux-transport dynamos with strong return flow and a deep stagnation point are discussed in the case of a positive $\\alpha$-effect located in the overshoot layer and a rotation law consistent with helioseismology. By means of a linear dynamo model, it will be shown that the migration of the toroidal belts at lower latitudes and the periods of the activity cycles are consistent with the observations. Moreover, at variance with previous investigations, the typical critical dynamo numbers of dipolar solutions are significantly smaller that those of quadrupolar solutions even in the regime of strong flow.

Bonanno, Alfio

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Higgs-induced spectroscopic shifts near strong gravity sources  

SciTech Connect

We explore the consequences of the mass generation due to the Higgs field in strong gravity astrophysical environments. The vacuum expectation value of the Higgs field is predicted to depend on the curvature of spacetime, potentially giving rise to peculiar spectroscopic shifts, named hereafter 'Higgs shifts'. Higgs shifts could be searched through dedicated multiwavelength and multispecies surveys with high spatial and spectral resolution near strong gravity sources such as Sagittarius A* or broad searches for signals due to primordial black holes. The possible absence of Higgs shifts in these surveys should provide limits to the coupling between the Higgs particle and the curvature of spacetime, a topic of interest for a recently proposed Higgs-driven inflationary model. We discuss some conceptual issues regarding the coexistence between the Higgs mechanism and gravity, especially for their different handling of fundamental and composite particles.

Onofrio, Roberto [Dipartimento di Fisica 'Galileo Galilei', Universita di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, Padova 35131 (Italy) and ITAMP, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

287

“Hard probes” of strongly-interacting atomic gases  

SciTech Connect

We investigate properties of an energetic atom propagating through strongly interacting atomic gases. The operator product expansion is used to systematically compute a quasiparticle energy and its scattering rate both in a spin-1/2 Fermi gas and in a spinless Bose gas. Reasonable agreement with recent quantum Monte Carlo simulations even at a relatively small momentum k/kF > 1.5 indicates that our large-momentum expansions are valid in a wide range of momentum. We also study a differential scattering rate when a probe atom is shot into atomic gases. Because the number density and current density of the target atomic gas contribute to the forward scattering only, its contact density (measure of short-range pair correlation) gives the leading contribution to the backward scattering. Therefore, such an experiment can be used to measure the contact density and thus provides a new local probe of strongly interacting atomic gases.

Nishida, Yusuke [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

288

Strongly-Driven One-Atom Laser and Decoherence Monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose the implementation of a strongly-driven one-atom laser, based on the off-resonant interaction of a three-level atom in $\\Lambda$-configuration with a single cavity mode and three laser fields. We show that the system can be described equivalently by a two-level atom resonantly coupled to the cavity and driven by a strong effective coherent field. The effective dynamics can be solved exactly, including a thermal field bath, allowing an analytical description of field statistics and entanglement properties. We also show the possible generation of Schr\\"odinger cat states for the whole atom-field system and for the field alone after atomic measurement. We propose a way to monitor the system decoherence by measuring atomic population. Finally, we confirm the validity of our model through numerical solutions.

P. Lougovski; F. Casagrande; A. Lulli; E. Solano

2007-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

289

Anisotropy of strong pinning in multi-band superconductors  

SciTech Connect

The field-angular dependence and anisotropy of the critical current density in iron-based superconductors is evaluated using a phenomenological approach featuring distinct anisotropy factors for the penetration depth and the coherence length. Both the weak collective pinning limit and the strong pinning limit relevant for iron-based superconductors at low magnetic fields are considered. It is found that in the more anisotropic materials, such as SmFeAsO and NdFeAsO, the field-angular dependence is completely dominated by the coherence length (upper critical field) anisotropy, thereby explaining recent results on the critical current in these materials. In less anisotropic superconductors, strong pinning can lead to an apparent inversion of the anisotropy. Finally, it is shown that, under all circumstances, the ratio of the c-axis and ab-plane critical current densities for the magnetic field along the ab-plane directly yields the coherence length anisotropy factor ??.

van der Beek, C.J.; Konczykowski, M.; Prozorov, Ruslan

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

290

Strongly driven ion acoustic waves in laser produced plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper present an experimental study of ion acoustic waves with wavenumbers corresponding to stimulated Brillouin scattering. Time resolved Thomson scattering in frequency and wavenumber space, has permitted to observe the dispersion relation of the waves as a function of the laser intensity. Apart from observing ion acoustic waves associated with a strong second component is observed at laser intensities above 10{sup 13}Wcm{sup {minus}2}.

Baldis, H.A.; Labaune, C.; Renard, N. [Ecole Polytechnique, 91 - Palaiseau (France)] [and others

1994-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

291

Development of a strong field helicon plasma source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We developed a high-density helicon plasma source with a very strong field of up to 10 kG. Using a double-loop antenna wound around a quartz tube, 9.5 cm in inner diameter and 90 cm in axial length, initial plasmas with a high density more than 10{sup 13} cm{sup -3} were successfully produced with a radio frequency power less than a few kilowatts, and with changing magnetic fields, fill pressures, and gas species.

Shinohara, Shunjiro; Mizokoshi, Hiroshi [Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Sciences, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580 (Japan)

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

292

Engineering Characterization of Strong Ground Motion Recorded at Rock Sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to define the engineering characteristics of strong ground motion recorded at rock sites. Particular emphasis is placed upon resolving the factors that control the shape of response spectra in both WNA (western North America) and ENA (central and eastern North America) tectonic environments. To accomplish this objective, a simple band-limited white noise (BLWN) ground motion model employing a constant-stress-drop, single-corner-frequency, omega-square source combined with...

1995-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

293

Strongly coupled ionic mixtures and the H/He EOS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper summarizes recent work on the strongly coupled OCP and Binary Ionic Mixture equation of state and other thermodynamic quantities in white dwarf interior conditions for both fluid and solid phases with the assumption of a uniform background. Conditions for phase separation of different elements in fluid or solid phases is strongly dependent on deviations from the linear mixing rule which gives the equation of state as an additive function of the OCP equation of state. These deviations turn out to be small (a few parts in 10{sup 5}) and always positive including the case where the fraction of the higher Z component approaches 0. Also the equation of state of strongly coupled light elements (H and He particularly) obtained from simulations with a linear response description of the electrons is given for conditions appropriate to brown dwarf star interiors. Recent Livermore work on a band structure calculation of the enthalpy of H and He mixtures under jovian conditions is discussed. This work leads to a prediction of a high temperature (15,000 K) for miscibility of He in ionized H at 10 Mb.

DeWitt, H.E.

1993-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

294

Weak and Strong coupling regimes in plasmonic-QED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a quantum theory for the interaction of a two level emitter with surface plasmon polaritons confined in single-mode waveguide resonators. Based on the Green's function approach, we develop the conditions for the weak and strong coupling regimes by taking into account the sources of dissipation and decoherence: radiative and non-radiative decays, internal loss processes in the emitter, as well as propagation and leakage losses of the plasmons in the resonator. The theory is supported by numerical calculations for several quantum emitters, GaAs and CdSe quantum dots and NV centers together with different types of resonators constructed of hybrid, cylindrical or wedge waveguides. We further study the role of temperature and resonator length. Assuming realistic leakage rates, we find the existence of an optimal length at which strong coupling is possible. Our calculations show that the strong coupling regime in plasmonic resonators is accessible within current technology when working at very low temperatures (<4K). In the weak coupling regime our theory accounts for recent experimental results. By further optimization we find highly enhanced spontaneous emission with Purcell factors over 1000 at room temperature for NV-centers. We finally discuss more applications for quantum nonlinear optics and plasmon-plasmon interactions.

T. Hümmer; F. J. García-Vidal; L. Martín-Moreno; D. Zueco

2012-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

295

Strong evidence of surface tension reduction in microscopic aqueous droplets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, doi:10.1029/2007JD008590. Li, Z., A. Williams, and M. Rood (1998), Influence of soluble surfactant Those in Figure 2) Compositiona n Ddry (m) RH (%) fSOA ktot korg kCCN SOA 20 0.350­0.650 99.60­99.84 1 0 s is that of pure water (72 mJ m�2 ). If, instead, we assume s is reduced by a factor of $2, the calculated k

Goldstein, Allen

296

Simulations of Turbulent Flows with Strong Shocks and Density Variations  

SciTech Connect

In this report, we present the research efforts made by our group at UCLA in the SciDAC project ���¢��������Simulations of turbulent flows with strong shocks and density variations���¢�������. We use shock-fitting methodologies as an alternative to shock-capturing schemes for the problems where a well defined shock is present. In past five years, we have focused on development of high-order shock-fitting Navier-Stokes solvers for perfect gas flow and thermochemical non-equilibrium flow and simulation of shock-turbulence interaction physics for very strong shocks. Such simulation has not been possible before because the limitation of conventional shock capturing methods. The limitation of shock Mach number is removed by using our high-order shock-fitting scheme. With the help of DOE and TeraGrid/XSEDE super computing resources, we have obtained new results which show new trends of turbulence statistics behind the shock which were not known before. Moreover, we are also developing tools to consider multi-species non-equilibrium flows. The main results are in three areas: (1) development of high-order shock-fitting scheme for perfect gas flow, (2) Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) of interaction of realistic turbulence with moderate to very strong shocks using super computing resources, and (3) development and implementation of models for computation of mutli-species non-quilibrium flows with shock-fitting codes.

Xiaolin Zhong

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

297

Anomalous mass enhancement in strongly-correlated quantum wells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the electronic properties of quantum wells consisting of a t1 2g-electron system with strong correlations using dynamical-mean-eld theory. The special focus is on the subband structure of such quantum wells. The effective mass is found to increase with increasing the bottom of the subband, i.e., decreasing the subband occupation number. This is due to the combination of Coulomb repulsion, whose effect is enhanced on surface layers, and longer-range hoppings. We discuss the implication of these results for the recent angle-resolved photoemission experiment on SrVO3 thin lms.

Okamoto, Satoshi [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Benchmarks for new strong interactions at the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New strong interactions at the LHC may exhibit a richer structure than expected from simply rescaling QCD to the electroweak scale. In fact, a departure from rescaled QCD is required for compatibility with electroweak constraints. To navigate the space of possible scenarios, we use a simple framework, based on a 5D model with modifications of AdS geometry in the infrared. In the parameter space, we select two points with particularly interesting phenomenology. For these benchmark points, we explore the discovery of triplets of vector and axial resonances at the LHC.

J. Hirn; A. Martin; V. Sanz

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

299

Vacuum pressures and energy in a strong magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study vacuum in a strong magnetic field. It shows a nonlinear response, as a ferromagnetic medium. Anisotropic pressures arise, and a negative pressure is exerted in the direction perpendicular to the field. The analogy of this effect with the Casimir effect is analyzed. The vacuum transverse pressure is found to be of the same order of the statistical pressure for $B\\sim10^{15}G$ and $N\\sim10^{33}electrons/cm^{3}$. Vacuum interaction with the field is studied also for $B\\sim10^{16}G$ and larger, including the electron anomalous magnetic moment. We estimate quark contribution to vacuum behavior.

H. Perez Rojas; E. Rodriguez Querts

2004-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

300

Plasmons in strongly coupled shock-compressed matter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the first measurements of the plasmon dispersion and damping in laser shock-compressed solid matter. Petawatt laser produced K-{alpha} radiation scatters on boron targets compressed by a 10 ns-long 400 J laser pulse. In the vicinity of the Fermi momentum, the scattering spectra show dispersionless, collisionally damped plasmons, indicating a strongly coupled electron liquid. These observations agree with x-ray scattering calculations that include both the Born-Mermin approximation to account for electron-ion collisional damping and local field corrections reflecting electron-electron correlations.

Neumayer, P; Fortmann, C; Doppner, T; Davis, P; Falcone, R W; Kritcher, A L; Landen, O L; Lee, H J; Lee, R W; Niemann, C; Pape, S L; Glenzer, S H

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

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301

Strong Upper Limits on Sterile Neutrino Warm Dark Matter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sterile neutrinos are attractive dark matter candidates. Their parameter space of mass and mixing angle has not yet been fully tested despite intensive efforts that exploit their gravitational clustering properties and radiative decays. We use the limits on gamma-ray line emission from the Galactic center region obtained with the SPI spectrometer on the INTEGRAL satellite to set new constraints, which improve on the earlier bounds on mixing by more than 2 orders of magnitude, and thus strongly restrict a wide and interesting range of models.

Yueksel, Hasan [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Beacom, John F. [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Watson, Casey R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Millikin University, Decatur, Illinois 62522 (United States)

2008-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

302

Nuclear Excitation by a Strong Short Laser Pulse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We derive the conditions on laser energy and photon number under which a short strong laser pulse excites a collective nuclear mode. We use the Giant Dipole Resonance as a representative example, and a random-matrix description of the fine-structure states and perturbation theory as tools. We identify the relevant observable as the nuclear time-decay function. That function is the Fourier transform of the autocorrelation function of the associated scattering matrix and contains information not otherwise available. We evaluate that function in specific cases and show that it may deviate significantly from an exponential.

Weidenmueller, Hans A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

303

Thermal photon production in a strongly coupled anisotropic plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photons produced in heavy ion collisions escape virtually unperturbed from the surrounding medium, thus representing an excellent probe of the conditions at the emission point. Using the gauge/gravity duality, we calculate the rate of photon production in an anisotropic, strongly coupled N=4 plasma with Nfconductivity. These quantities can be larger or smaller than the isotropic ones, depending on the direction of propagation and polarization of the photons. The total production rate is however always larger than the isotropic one, independently of the frequency, direction of propagation, and value of the anisotropy.

Leonardo Patino; Diego Trancanelli

2012-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

304

Parton picture for the strongly coupled SYM plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deep inelastic scattering off the strongly coupled N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma at finite temperature can be computed within the AdS/CFT correspondence, with results which are suggestive of a parton picture for the plasma. Via successive branchings, essentially all partons cascade down to very small values of the longitudinal momentum fraction x and to transverse momenta smaller than the saturation momentum Q_s\\sim T/x. This scale Q_s controls the plasma interactions with a hard probe, in particular, the jet energy loss and its transverse momentum broadening.

E. Iancu

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

305

Molecular dynamics simulation of strongly coupled QCD plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The properties of a strongly interacting quark plasma are investigated by molecular dynamics method including non-abelian quark-quark potential. Our main goal is to study the thermalization process in this system. We find an interesting resonance-like behaviour: at a characteristic time close to the inverse plasma frequency the quark plasma is heated up substantially via energy transfer from quark potential energy into one particle kinetic energy. Color rotation mechanism enhances the effectivity of this heating process, leading to a very fast thermalization with high temperature.

P. Hartmann; Z. Donko; P. Levai; G. J. Kalman

2006-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

306

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.9 Low-Income Housing  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 4 Weatherization Population Facts - Roughly 25% of Federally eligible households move in and out of poverty "classification" each year. - The average income of Federally eligible households in FY 2005 was $16,264, based on RECS and Bureau of the Census' Current Population Survey (CPS) data. - States target the neediest, especially the elderly, persons with disabilities, and families with children. - Since the inception of the Weatherization Assistance Program in 1976, over 6.3 million households have received weatherization services with DOE and leveraged funding. - In FY 2009, the energy burden on Federally eligible households was about four times the burden on Federally ineligible households (14% versus 4%). Source(s): ORNL, Weatherization Works: Final Report on the National Weatherization Evaluation, Sept. 1994, p. 1 for migrating poor; ORNL, 1996 for targeting; HHS,

307

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.9 Low-Income Housing  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

5 5 Weatherization Program Facts - PY 2010 weatherization funding breakdown: DOE 18.3%, LIHEAP 59.6%, others 22.1%.(1) - The Federal Government's outlay for fuel subsidies runs from $4.0 to 4.4 billion per year. The major two agencies dispensing fuel subsidies are HUD and HHS (through LIHEAP). - In 2006, HUD spent over $1.43 billion annually to pay all or part of the total utility bills (including water/sewer) for 1.2 million low-income units. Utilities (including water) made up approximately 23% of public housing authorities' expenditures. In addition, HUD estimates tenant expenditures on utilities (excluding water) at about $421 million in 2007. - LIHEAP spends 85% of its funding on direct fuel subsidies and weatherization. Up to 15% can be spent for weatherization

308

WEATHERIZING THE HOMES OF LOW-INCOME HOME ENERGY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM CLIENTS: A PROGRAMMATIC ASSESSMENT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CON-486 CON-486 WEATHERIZING THE HOMES OF LOW-INCOME HOME ENERGY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM CLIENTS: A PROGRAMMATIC ASSESSMENT Bruce Tonn Richard Schmoyer Sarah Wagner OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY DOCUMENT AVAILABILITY Reports produced after January 1, 1996, are generally available free via the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge. Web site http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before January 1, 1996, may be purchased by members of the public from the following source. National Technical Information Service 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, VA 22161 Telephone 703-605-6000 (1-800-553-6847) TDD 703-487-4639 Fax 703-605-6900 E-mail info@ntis.fedworld.gov Web site http://www.ntis.gov/support/ordernowabout.htm Reports are available to DOE employees, DOE contractors, Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE) representatives,

309

Shared savings and low income homeowners: Results of a demonstration project in Hennepin County  

SciTech Connect

In 1984 Hennepin County, with financial support from the US Department of Energy and as part of the Year Five energy program of the Urban Consortium's Energy Task Force, initiated a Residential Shared Savings Demonstration Project (RSSDP) for single family homeowners. Shared savings, or performance contracting, occurs when an energy service company (ESCo) finances and installs energy improvements in a customer's property and receives a share of the savings that result over time as their compensation. Chapter 1 of this report provides general background on the project, including a brief description of Hennepin County, the energy environment within which the project was conducted, and the Residential Shared Savings Demonstration Project. Chapter 2 describes the efforts to market the RSSDP to low income homeowners, the results of those efforts and the findings from an extensive market assessment effort. Chapter 3 summarizes the significant lessons learned during the project. 4 figs., 3 tabs.

Miller, R.D.; Ford, J.M.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Retirement Saving with Contribution Payments and Labor Income as a Benchmark for Investments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we study the retirement saving problem from the point of view of a plan sponsor, who makes contribution payments for the future retirement of an employee. The plan sponsor considers the employee's labor income as investment-benchmark in order to ensure the continuation of consumption habits after retirement. We demonstrate that the demand for risky assets increases at low wealth levels due to the contribution payments. We quantify the demand for hedging against changes in wage growth and nd that it is relatively small. We show that downside-risk measures increase risk-taking at both low and high levels of wealth. Keywords: retirement saving, optimal asset allocation, discrete-time nance, dynamic programming. JEL Classications Codes: G11, G23. We are grateful to Bart Oldenkamp and Ton Vorst for comments on an earlier version of this paper. y Corresponding author: Erasmus University Rotterdam, Econometric Institute, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherland...

Arjan Berkelaar; Roy Kouwenberg

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Technique for tracking the effect of weatherization retrofits on low-income housing  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a technique for analyzing the effect of energy saving retrofits installed in low-income housing under a nationwide weatherization demonstration program. A tracking technique, based on the calculated balance-point temperature of each home prior to the weatherization, was developed to estimate the would-be fuel consumption over a period of time if the house had not been weatherized. The savings in fuel consumption for a home can be determined from the difference between the actual usage after retrofit and the calculated usage if it were not retrofitted. Besides the overall reduction, the saving in energy usage during different time periods while the house is being weatherized can be visualized from the graphical representation of the tracking technique.

Chang, Y.L.; Grot, R.A.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Introduction - Strong interaction in the nuclear medium: new trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent achievements in nuclear forces theory open new perspectives for the next decade of low energy nuclear physics, bringing together people from very different communities. Although many developments remain to be done, the possibility to directly use QCD to describe nuclear system is a major challenge that is within reach. In this introduction to the 2009 International Joliot-Curie School (EJC2009), new trends in the strong nuclear interaction are summarized starting from quarks and ending with finite or infinite nuclear systems. At different energy scales, selected new concepts and ideas have been discussed in a rather simple way. Recent advances in the theory of nuclear forces, thanks to chiral perturbation and effective field theories, have led to a new generation of strong nuclear interaction particularly suited to low energy nuclear physics. The interesting aspects of new interactions compared to conventional forces are underlined. Recent achievements in ab initio theories that directly start from the bare nucleon-nucleon interaction and their key role to understand the three-body force are illustrated. Finally, future perspectives for standard nuclear physics theories, namely Shell Model and Energy Density Functional, are discussed.

Denis Lacroix

2010-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

313

Optomechanics with molecules in a strongly pumped ring cavity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cavity cooling of an atom works best on a cyclic optical transition in the strong coupling regime near resonance, where small cavity photon numbers suffice for trapping and cooling. Due to the absence of closed transitions a straightforward application to molecules fails: optical pumping can lead the particle into uncoupled states. An alternative operation in the far off-resonant regime generates only very slow cooling due to the reduced field-molecule coupling. We predict to overcome this by using a strongly driven ring-cavity operated in the sideband cooling regime. As in the optomechanical setups one takes advantage of a collectively enhanced field-molecule coupling strength using a large photon number. A linearized analytical treatment confirmed by full numerical quantum simulations predicts fast cooling despite the off-resonant small single molecule - single photon coupling. Even ground state cooling can be obtained by tuning the cavity field close to the Anti-stokes sideband for sufficiently high trapping frequency. Numerical simulations show quantum jumps of the molecules between the lowest two trapping levels, which can be be directly and continuously monitored via scattered light intensity detection.

R. J. Schulze; C. Genes; H. Ritsch

2010-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

314

Photon Splitting and Pair Conversion in Strong Magnetic Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The magnetospheres of neutron stars provide a valuable testing ground for as-yet unverified theoretical predictions of quantum electrodynamics (QED) in strong electromagnetic fields. Exhibiting magnetic field strengths well in excess of a TeraGauss, such compact astrophysical environments permit the action of exotic mechanisms that are forbidden by symmetries in field-free regions. Foremost among these processes are single-photon pair creation, where a photon converts to an electron-positron pair, and magnetic photon splitting, where a single photon divides into two of lesser energy via the coupling to the external field. The pair conversion process is exponentially small in weak fields, and provides the leading order contribution to vacuum polarization. In contrast, photon splitting possesses no energy threshold and can operate in kinematic regimes where the lower order pair conversion is energetically forbidden. This paper outlines some of the key physical aspects of these processes, and highlights their manifestation in neutron star magnetospheres. Anticipated observational signatures include profound absorption turnovers in pulsar spectra at gamma-ray wavelengths. The shapes of these turnovers provide diagnostics on the possible action of pair creation and the geometrical locale of the photon emission region. There is real potential for the first confirmation of strong field QED with the new GLAST mission, to be launched by NASA in 2008. Suppression of pair creation by photon splitting and its implications for pulsars is also discussed.

Matthew G. Baring

2008-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

315

Consequences of Strong Compression in Tidal Disruption Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The tidal disruption of a star by a supermassive black hole (SMBH) is a highly energetic event with consequences dependent on the degree to which the star plunges inside the SMBH's tidal sphere. We introduce a new analytic model for tidal disruption events (TDEs) to analyze the dependence of these events on beta, the ratio of the tidal radius to the orbital pericenter. We find, contrary to most previous work, that the spread in debris energy for a TDE is largely constant for all beta. This result has important consequences for optical transient searches targeting TDEs, which we discuss. We quantify leading-order general relativistic corrections to this spread in energy and find that they are small. We also examine the role of stellar spin, and find that a combination of spin-orbit misalignment, rapid rotation, and high beta may increase the spread in debris energy. Finally, we quantify for the first time the gravitational wave emission due to the strong compression of a star in a high-beta TDE. Although this signal is unlikely to be detectable for disruptions of main sequence stars, the tidal disruption of a white dwarf by an intermediate mass black hole can produce a strong signal visible to Advanced LIGO at tens of megaparsecs.

Nicholas Stone; Re'em Sari; Abraham Loeb

2012-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

316

Kubo formulas for relativistic fluids in strong magnetic fields  

SciTech Connect

Magnetohydrodynamics of strongly magnetized relativistic fluids is derived in the ideal and dissipative cases, taking into account the breaking of spatial symmetries by a quantizing magnetic field. A complete set of transport coefficients, consistent with the Curie and Onsager principles, is derived for thermal conduction, as well as shear and bulk viscosities. It is shown that in the most general case the dissipative function contains five shear viscosities, two bulk viscosities, and three thermal conductivity coefficients. We use Zubarev's non-equilibrium statistical operator method to relate these transport coefficients to correlation functions of the equilibrium theory. The desired relations emerge at linear order in the expansion of the non-equilibrium statistical operator with respect to the gradients of relevant statistical parameters (temperature, chemical potential, and velocity.) The transport coefficients are cast in a form that can be conveniently computed using equilibrium (imaginary-time) infrared Green's functions defined with respect to the equilibrium statistical operator. - Highlights: > Strong magnetic fields can make charged fluids behave anisotropically. > Magnetohydrodynamics for these fluids contains 5 shear, 2 bulk viscosities, and 3 heat conductivities. > We derive Kubo formulas for these transport coefficients.

Huang Xuguang, E-mail: xhuang@th.physik.uni-frankfurt.de [Institute for Theoretical Physics, J. W. Goethe-Universitaet, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Sedrakian, Armen [Institute for Theoretical Physics, J. W. Goethe-Universitaet, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Rischke, Dirk H. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, J. W. Goethe-Universitaet, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

The Impact of Carbon Control on Low-Income Household Electricity and Gasoline Expenditures  

SciTech Connect

In July of 2007 The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Energy Information Administration (EIA) released its impact analysis of 'The Climate Stewardship And Innovation Act of 2007,' known as S.280. This legislation, cosponsored by Senators Joseph Lieberman and John McCain, was designed to significantly cut U.S. greenhouse gas emissions over time through a 'cap-and-trade' system, briefly described below, that would gradually but extensively reduce such emissions over many decades. S.280 is one of several proposals that have emerged in recent years to come to grips with the nation's role in causing human-induced global climate change. EIA produced an analysis of this proposal using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) to generate price projections for electricity and gasoline under the proposed cap-and-trade system. Oak Ridge National Laboratory integrated those price projections into a data base derived from the EIA Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for 2001 and the EIA public use files from the National Household Transportation Survey (NHTS) for 2001 to develop a preliminary assessment of impact of these types of policies on low-income consumers. ORNL will analyze the impacts of other specific proposals as EIA makes its projections for them available. The EIA price projections for electricity and gasoline under the S.280 climate change proposal, integrated with RECS and NHTS for 2001, help identify the potential effects on household electric bills and gasoline expenditures, which represent S.280's two largest direct impacts on low-income household budgets in the proposed legislation. The analysis may prove useful in understanding the needs and remedies for the distributive impacts of such policies and how these may vary based on patterns of location, housing and vehicle stock, and energy usage.

Eisenberg, Joel Fred [ORNL

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

The Impact of Carbon Control on Low-Income Household Electricity and Gasoline Expenditures  

SciTech Connect

In July of 2007 The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Energy Information Administration (EIA) released its impact analysis of 'The Climate Stewardship And Innovation Act of 2007,' known as S.280. This legislation, cosponsored by Senators Joseph Lieberman and John McCain, was designed to significantly cut U.S. greenhouse gas emissions over time through a 'cap-and-trade' system, briefly described below, that would gradually but extensively reduce such emissions over many decades. S.280 is one of several proposals that have emerged in recent years to come to grips with the nation's role in causing human-induced global climate change. EIA produced an analysis of this proposal using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) to generate price projections for electricity and gasoline under the proposed cap-and-trade system. Oak Ridge National Laboratory integrated those price projections into a data base derived from the EIA Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for 2001 and the EIA public use files from the National Household Transportation Survey (NHTS) for 2001 to develop a preliminary assessment of impact of these types of policies on low-income consumers. ORNL will analyze the impacts of other specific proposals as EIA makes its projections for them available. The EIA price projections for electricity and gasoline under the S.280 climate change proposal, integrated with RECS and NHTS for 2001, help identify the potential effects on household electric bills and gasoline expenditures, which represent S.280's two largest direct impacts on low-income household budgets in the proposed legislation. The analysis may prove useful in understanding the needs and remedies for the distributive impacts of such policies and how these may vary based on patterns of location, housing and vehicle stock, and energy usage.

Eisenberg, Joel Fred [ORNL

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE STRONGLY INTERACTING WITH THEIR CIRCUMSTELLAR MEDIUM  

SciTech Connect

Owing to their utility for measurements of cosmic acceleration, Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) are perhaps the best-studied class of SNe, yet the progenitor systems of these explosions largely remain a mystery. A rare subclass of SNe Ia shows evidence of strong interaction with their circumstellar medium (CSM), and in particular, a hydrogen-rich CSM; we refer to them as SNe Ia-CSM. In the first systematic search for such systems, we have identified 16 SNe Ia-CSM, and here we present new spectra of 13 of them. Six SNe Ia-CSM have been well studied previously, three were previously known but are analyzed in depth for the first time here, and seven are new discoveries from the Palomar Transient Factory. The spectra of all SNe Ia-CSM are dominated by H{alpha} emission (with widths of {approx}2000 km s{sup -1}) and exhibit large H{alpha}/H{beta} intensity ratios (perhaps due to collisional excitation of hydrogen via the SN ejecta overtaking slower-moving CSM shells); moreover, they have an almost complete lack of He I emission. They also show possible evidence of dust formation through a decrease in the red wing of H{alpha} 75-100 days past maximum brightness, and nearly all SNe Ia-CSM exhibit strong Na I D absorption from the host galaxy. The absolute magnitudes (uncorrected for host-galaxy extinction) of SNe Ia-CSM are found to be -21.3 mag {<=} M{sub R} {<=} -19 mag, and they also seem to show ultraviolet emission at early times and strong infrared emission at late times (but no detected radio or X-ray emission). Finally, the host galaxies of SNe Ia-CSM are all late-type spirals similar to the Milky Way, or dwarf irregulars like the Large Magellanic Cloud, which implies that these objects come from a relatively young stellar population. This work represents the most detailed analysis of the SN Ia-CSM class to date.

Silverman, Jeffrey M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712-0259 (United States); Nugent, Peter E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Gal-Yam, Avishay; Arcavi, Iair; Ben-Ami, Sagi [Benoziyo Center for Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel); Sullivan, Mark [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Howell, D. Andrew; Graham, Melissa L. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Filippenko, Alexei V.; Bloom, Joshua S.; Cenko, S. Bradley; Clubb, Kelsey I. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Cao, Yi; Horesh, Assaf; Kulkarni, Shrinivas R. [Cahill Center for Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Chornock, Ryan; Foley, Ryan J. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Coil, Alison L. [Department of Physics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States); Griffith, Christopher V. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Kasliwal, Mansi M., E-mail: jsilverman@astro.as.utexas.edu [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Science, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); and others

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

The Approach to Equilibrium in Strongly Interacting Matter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) does not provide shuttle service to and from area hotels. Since there is no public transportation to BNL, attendees are strongly advised to make car rental arrangements prior to arrival. Accommodations at Brookhaven Please note, limited on-site housing is available. All guests must contact the BNL Housing Office directly to make their own reservations at their personal expense unless other arrangements are made by the workshop coordinator. Notice Important Notice: All guests (U.S. and Non-U.S. Citizens) planning to stay on-site must complete the additional Guest Registration form and be approved in the BNL Guest Information System (GIS). Please contact the BNL Housing Office at 631-344-2541 or 631-344-2551 or send email to housing@bnl.gov for questions regarding:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Price's law, mass inflation, and strong cosmic censorship  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two aspects of the widely accepted heuristic picture of the final state of gravitational collapse are the so-called Price law tails, describing the asymptotics of the exterior region of the black hole that forms, and Israel-Poisson's mass inflation scenario, describing the internal structure of the black hole. (The latter scenario, if valid, would indicate that the maximal development of initial data is extendible as a C^0 metric, putting into question the validity of Penrose's strong cosmic censorship conjecture.) In this talk, I shall discuss a series of rigorous results proving both Price's law and the mass inflation scenario in an appropriate spherically symmetric setting. The proof of Price's law is joint work with I. Rodnianski.

Mihalis Dafermos

2004-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

322

The Strong Case for Thermal Energy Storage and Utility Incentives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the general increase in electricity rates, commercial and industrial customers have become strongly motivated to seek innovative methods of achieving reductions of their electric bills. At the same time, utilities have been faced with rising construction costs, more stringent regulations, and increasing environmental constraints regarding development of new generating facilities. As the thermal cooling storage technology has matured, more and more utilities are recognizing that widespread use of cool storage will provide an inexpensive alternative to new generating capacity. Every megawatt of load shift from peak to off-peak hours is equivalent to a megawatt of new generating capacity. This paper will review the state-of-the-art of cool storage technology, the economic benefits and utility programs designed to encourage the application of cool storage systems.

McCannon, L. W.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Anomaly induced transport coefficients, from weak to strong coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The existence of new transport phenomena associated to the presence of quantum anomalies has atracted very recently the attention of theorist. These transport coefficient have very interesting properties, for example, they do not renormalize. The most famous case of anomaly induced transport phenomena is the Chiral Magnetic Effect, in which an electric current is produced by a magnetic field if the system has a different number of right handed fermions respect the left handed one. In this thesis we have studied those transport coefficients from Kubo formulas at weak and strong coupling. To finish a fluid/gravity approach is used to compute all the second order anomalous coefficients in an anomalous conformal fluid.

Francisco Pena-Benitez

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Classical strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma. VII. Energy loss  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use linear response analysis and the fluctuation-dissipation theorem to derive the energy loss of a heavy quark in the SU(2) classical Coulomb plasma in terms of the l=1 monopole and nonstatic structure factor. The result is valid for all Coulomb couplings {Gamma}=V/K, the ratio of the mean potential to kinetic energy. We use the Liouville equation in the collisionless limit to assess the SU(2) nonstatic structure factor. We find the energy loss to be strongly dependent on {Gamma}. In the liquid phase with {Gamma}{approx_equal}4, the energy loss is mostly metallic and soundless with neither a Cerenkov nor a Mach cone. Our analytical results compare favorably with the SU(2) molecular dynamics simulations at large momentum and for heavy quark masses.

Cho, Sungtae; Zahed, Ismail [Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

A test of the flavor independence of strong interactions  

SciTech Connect

The authors present a comparison of the strong couplings of b, c, and light (u, d, and s) quarks derived from multi-jet rates in flavor-tagged samples of hadronic Z{sup 0} decays recorded with the SLC Large detector at the SLAC Linear Collider. By comparing the rates of 3-jet events in these three samples they have extracted: {alpha}{sub s}(uds)/{alpha}{sub s}(all) = 0.97 {+-} 0.03(stat.) {+-} 0.04(syst.) {+-} 0.02(theory), {alpha}{sub s}(c)/{alpha}{sub s}(all) = 1.12 {+-} 0.11(stat.) {+-} 0.10(syst.) {+-} 0.07(theory), {alpha}{sub s}(b)/{alpha}{sub s}(all) = 1.03 {+-} 0.04(stat.) {+-} 0.08(syst.) {+-} 0.02(theory).

SLD Collaboration

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

A test of the flavor independence of strong interactions  

SciTech Connect

The authors present a comparison of the strong couplings of b, c, and light (u, d, and s) quarks derived from multi-jet rates in flavor-tagged samples of hadronic Z{sup 0} decays recorded with the SLC Large Detector at the SLAC Linear Collider. By comparing the rates of 3-jet events in these three samples they have extracted the Preliminary values of: {alpha}{sub s}(uds)/{alpha}{sub s}(all) = 0.96 {+-} 0.03(stat.) {+-} 0.04(syst.) {+-} 0.02(theory), {alpha}{sub s}(c)/{alpha}{sub s}(all) = 1.16 {+-} 0.11(stat.) {+-} 0.10(syst.) {+-} 0.07(theory), {alpha}{sub s}(b)/{alpha}{sub s}(all) = 0.98 {+-} 0.04(stat.) {+-} 0.08(syst.) {+-} 0.02(theory).

Markiewicz, T.W.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Simulating strongly correlated multiparticle systems in a truncated Hilbert space  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Representing a strongly interacting multiparticle wave function in a finite product basis leads to errors. Simple rescaling of the contact interaction can preserve the low-lying energy spectrum and long-wavelength structure of wave functions in one-dimensional systems and thus correct for the basis set truncation error. The analytic form of the rescaling is found for a two-particle system where the rescaling is exact. A detailed comparison between finite Hilbert space calculations and exact results for up to five particles show that rescaling can significantly improve the accuracy of numerical calculations in various external potentials. In addition to ground-state energies, the low-lying excitation spectrum, density profile, and correlation functions are studied. The results give a promising outlook for numerical simulations of trapped ultracold atoms.

Ernst, Thomas; Hallwood, David W.; Gulliksen, Jake; Brand, Joachim [New Zealand Institute for Advanced Study and Centre for Theoretical Chemistry and Physics, Massey University, Private Bag 102904, North Shore, Auckland 0745 (New Zealand); Meyer, Hans-Dieter [Theoretische Chemie, Physikalisch-Chemisches Institut, Universitaet Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 229, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

328

Graphene plasmonics: A platform for strong light-matter interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphene plasmons provide a suitable alternative to noble-metal plasmons because they exhibit much larger confinement and relatively long propagation distances, with the advantage of being highly tunable via electrostatic gating. We report strong light- matter interaction assisted by graphene plasmons, and in particular, we predict unprecedented high decay rates of quantum emitters in the proximity of a carbon sheet, large vacuum Rabi splitting and Purcell factors, and extinction cross sections exceeding the geometrical area in graphene ribbons and nanometer-sized disks. Our results provide the basis for the emerging and potentially far-reaching field of graphene plasmonics, offering an ideal platform for cavity quantum electrodynamics and supporting the possibility of single-molecule, single-plasmon devices.

Frank H. L. Koppens; Darrick E. Chang; F. Javier Garcia de Abajo

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

329

Strongly coupled copper plasma generated by underwater electrical wire explosion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of theoretical approaches to the analysis of the parameters of a discharge channel consisting of strongly coupled plasma generated in the process of underwater electrical wire explosion are presented. The analysis is based on experimental results obtained from discharges employing Cu wire. The obtained experimental data included electrical measurements and optical observations from which information about the dynamics of the water flow was extrapolated. Numerical calculation based on a 1D magnetohydrodynamic model was used to simulate the process of underwater wire explosion. A wide range conductivity model was applied in this calculation and good agreement with a set of experimental data was obtained. A method of determining the average temperature of the discharge channel based on this model and experimental results is proposed, and the limits of this method's applicability are discussed.

Grinenko, A.; Gurovich, V.Tz.; Saypin, A.; Efimov, S.; Krasik, Ya.E.; Oreshkin, V.I. [Physics Department, Technion, 32000 Haifa (Israel); Institute of High Current Electronics, SB RAN, 634055 Tomsk (Russian Federation)

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

330

ENERGETIC CHARGED PARTICLES ASSOCIATED WITH STRONG INTERPLANETARY SHOCKS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyze observations of energetic charged particles associated with many strong interplanetary shocks seen by Advanced Composition Explorer. We focus primarily on 47-187 keV suprathermal protons and restrict our analysis to strong interplanetary shocks (Alfven Mach number >3 and the shock density compression >2.5). Eighteen shocks meeting this criterion from 1998 to 2003 were analyzed. All 18 had enhancements of the 47-65 keV proton intensity above the intensity seen one day before the shock. In 17 events, the particle intensity either rose to a quasi-plateau or peaked within 10 minutes of the shock. Most had intensities at the shock exceeding 100 times more than that seen the day before the shock arrived. The time-intensity profiles of the energetic proton events in many cases reveal a rise before the shock passage reaching a quasi-plateau or local peak at the shock, followed by a gradual decline. This suggests that the shock itself is the source of energetic particles. Energy spectra behind the shock were fit to an assumed power law over the interval from 46 to 187 keV, and the resulting spectral index was compared to the plasma density jump across each shock. Most events agree with the prediction of diffusive shock acceleration theory to within the observational uncertainties. We also analyzed a few selected events to determine the particle spatial diffusion coefficients and acceleration timescales. We find that the time to accelerate protons to {approx}50 keV is of the order of an hour.

Giacalone, Joe [Department of Planetary Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

331

$?$ baryon strong decays in a chiral quark model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The strong decays of $\\Xi$ baryons up to N=2 shell were studied in a chiral quark model. The strong decay properties of these well-established ground decuplet baryons were reasonably described. We found that (i) $\\Xi(1690)$ and $\\Xi(1820)$ could be assigned to the spin-parity $J^P=1/2^-$ state $|70,^{2}{8},1,1,1/2^->$ and the spin-parity $J^P=3/2^-$ state $|70,^{2}{8},1,1,3/2^->$, respectively. Slight configuration mixing might exist in these two negative parity states. (ii) $\\Xi(1950)$ might correspond to several different $\\Xi$ resonances. The broad states ($\\Gamma\\sim 100$ MeV) observed in the $\\Xi\\pi$ channel could be classified as the pure $J^P=5/2^-$ octet state $\\Xi^0|70,^{4}8,1,1,5/2^->$ or the mixed state $|\\Xi 1/2^->_3 $ with $J^P=1/2^-$. The $\\Xi$ resonances with moderate width ($\\Gamma\\sim 60$ MeV) observed in the $\\Xi\\pi$ channel might correspond to the $J^P=1/2^+$ excitation $|56,^{4}10,2,2,1/2^+>$. The second orbital excitation $|56,^{4}10,2,2,3/2^+>$ and the mixed state $|\\Xi 1/2^->_1$ might be candidates for the narrow width state observed in the $\\Lambda \\bar{K}$ channel, however, their spin-parity numbers are incompatible with the moment analysis of the data. (iii) $\\Xi(2030)$ could not be assigned to either any spin-parity $J^P=7/2^+$ states or any pure $J^P=5/2^+$ configurations. It seems to favor the $|70,^{2}8,2,2,3/2^+>$ assignment, however, its spin conflicts with the moment analysis of the data. To find more $\\Xi$ resonances, the observations in the $\\Xi(1530)\\pi$ and $\\Sigma(1385) \\bar{K}$ channels are necessary.

Li-Ye Xiao; Xian-Hui Zhong

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Effects on minority and low-income households of the EPA proposal to reduce leaded gasoline use  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To reduce the potentially harmful environmental effects of lead in the environment, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has proposed a reduction in the amount of lead used in leaded gasoline. This report examines the potential impacts of such action on minority and low-income households in the US. The benefits of the EPA's proposal would presumably accrue primarily to households that contain small children and that are located in the central cities of metropolitan areas. This is because small children (under age seven) are particularly susceptible to the effects of lead and also because the automobile traffic density in central cities is higher than in any other area. Potential costs are examined in terms of households that own vehicles requiring leaded gasoline. Costs could accrue either because of higher gasoline prices due to reduced lead content or because of higher vehicle repair costs for engines that must use leaded gasoline to prevent excessive wear. Because of their location and number, minority and low-income households with small children would benefit more than the average US household. No costs would be incurred by the relatively large segment of minority and low-income households that own no vehicles. However, the Hispanic and other minority (except black) and low-income households that do own vehicles have a greater than average share of vehicles that require leaded gasoline; costs to these households because of the EPA's proposed action would be comparatively high.

Rose, K.; LaBelle, S.; Winter, R.; Klein, Y.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Roundtable on prevention of fraud and abuse in low income weatherization programs, March 23--24, 1987, Highland Hotel, Washington, DC  

SciTech Connect

This report contains: Identification of Issues and Preventive Measures Associated with Fraud and Abuse in Low Income Conservation Programs; Working Papers Prepared by Roundtable Discussants; Annotated Bibliography of Publications Related to Prevention/Detection of Fraud and Abuse in DOE and LIHEAP Conservation Programs; and List of Members on Task Force for Prevention of Fraud and Abuse in Low Income Weatherization Programs.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Economic Impacts of Marcellus Shale in Pennsylvania: Employment and Income in 2009 2011 Penn State Extension and Penn College www.msetc.org 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Impacts of Marcellus Shale in Pennsylvania: Employment and Income in 2009 ©2011 Penn State Extension and Penn College www.msetc.org 1 Economic Impacts of Marcellus Shale in Pennsylvania: Employment and Income in 2009 August 2011 www.msetc.org The Marcellus Shale Education & Training Center (MSETC

Boyer, Elizabeth W.

335

Compressibility Consideration in the Boundary of a Strongly Collapsing Bubble  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Equations of radial motion of a gas bubble in a compressible viscous liquid have been modified to account for compressibility at the bubble boundary. It has been done by deriving a new bubble boundary equation. This equation has a new term due to liquid compressibility. The influence of this term in the bubble dynamics has been numerically investigated using isothermal-adiabatic model for the gas bubble evolution. The results clearly indicate that at the end of the collapse the new term has very significant role and its consideration dramatically changes the bubble characteristics. The effect of this term is more prominent for the more intense collapses, so that its consideration scales up the maximum values of gas pressure and gas temperature. We have also reasoned that the new bubble behavior will be established even when the effects of mass (water vapor) exchange, chemical reactions, and gas dynamics inside the bubble are taken into account in the model.

Moshaii, A; Taeibi-Rahni, M; Moshaii, Ahmad; Sadighi-Bonabi, Rasool; Taeibi-Rahni, Mohammad

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

The Role of Acculturation in Nutrition Behaviors among Low Income Hispanic Women Living in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to determine the role of acculturation in the food consumption patterns of low income Hispanic women living in Texas and enrolled in the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Program by testing the following hypotheses: a) There are significant differences in consumption of fruit and vegetables by selected socio-demographic variables; and, b) less healthy food consumption patterns are associated with higher levels of acculturation in health-related research involving low-income Hispanic women living in Texas. A secondary-data analysis of the responses to the Texas Food & Nutrition (TEXFAN) questionnaire was performed. TEXFAN is a 122-item survey designed to measure WIC participants' consumption behaviors and to assess the impact of new food packages in Texas' WIC program. A total of 3,336 adult, non-pregnant women self-identified as having Hispanic ethnic background of all races were considered for this study. Analysis of Variance and Kruskal-Wallis tests showed significant differences in nutritional practices among Hispanic women for age, educational attainment, employment status, race, area of residence, and acculturation. Logistic Regression analysis confirmed the hypothesis that lower levels of acculturation are associated with healthier food consumption patterns. The majority of respondents (70.7%, N=2,358) did not consume the recommended five servings of fruits and vegetables a day; therefore, do not have healthy patterns of food consumption. Consequently, the majority of respondents (70.0%, N= 1,709) has a weight statuses above normal and at a higher proportion than women in the State of Texas and the nation. Acculturation continues to interest social and behavioral researchers but variations on conceptualization, definition, operationalization, and measurement negatively impact generalizability and applicability of results. Interventions not considering acculturation are not likely to be successful. Research has to include community, ecological, cultural and contextual factors (e.g., machismo, accessibility to sidewalks, availability of fresh healthy foods, etc.). Development of effective intervention programs should be aimed to increase consumption of healthy food and an adherence to the recommendations of the "Healthy Plate" and the "Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010" among Hispanics. Also, interventions should generate necessary skills among Hispanics for empowering them to sustain proper nutritional behaviors and overcome barriers.

Atehortua, Nelson

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Dyson-Schwinger Equations: Density, Temperature and Continuum Strong QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continuum strong QCD is the application of models and continuum quantum field theory to the study of phenomena in hadronic physics, which includes; e.g., the spectrum of QCD bound states and their interactions; and the transition to, and properties of, a quark gluon plasma. We provide a contemporary perspective, couched primarily in terms of the Dyson-Schwinger equations but also making comparisons with other approaches and models. Our discourse provides a practitioners' guide to features of the Dyson-Schwinger equations [such as confinement and dynamical chiral symmetry breaking] and canvasses phenomenological applications to light meson and baryon properties in cold, sparse QCD. These provide the foundation for an extension to hot, dense QCD, which is probed via the introduction of the intensive thermodynamic variables: chemical potential and temperature. We describe order parameters whose evolution signals deconfinement and chiral symmetry restoration, and chronicle their use in demarcating the quark gluon plasma phase boundary and characterising the plasma's properties. Hadron traits change in an equilibrated plasma. We exemplify this and discuss putative signals of the effects. Finally, since plasma formation is not an equilibrium process, we discuss recent developments in kinetic theory and its application to describing the evolution from a relativistic heavy ion collision to an equilibrated quark gluon plasma.

C. D. Roberts; S. M. Schmidt

2000-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

338

Out-of-Equilibrium Chiral Magnetic Effect at Strong Coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the charge transports originating from triangle anomaly in out-of-equilibrium conditions in the framework of AdS/CFT correspondence at strong coupling, to gain useful insights on possible charge separation effects that may happen in the very early stages of heavy-ion collisions. We first construct a gravity background of a homogeneous mass shell with a finite (axial) charge density gravitationally collapsing to a charged blackhole, which serves as a dual model for out-of-equilibrium charged plasma undergoing thermalization. We find that a finite charge density in the plasma slows down the thermalization. We then study the out-of-equilibrium properties of Chiral Magnetic Effect and Chiral Magnetic Wave in this background. As the medium thermalizes, the magnitude of chiral magnetic conductivity and the response time delay grow. We find a dynamical peak in the spectral function of retarded current correlator, which we identify as an out-of-equilibrium chiral magnetic wave. The group velocity of the out-of-equilibrium chiral magnetic wave is shown to receive a dominant contribution from a non-equilibrium effect, making the wave moving much faster than in the equilibrium, which may enhance the charge transports via triangle anomaly in the early stage of heavy-ion collisions.

Shu Lin; Ho-Ung Yee

2013-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

339

Strong enhancement of superconductivity in a nanosized Pb bridge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent experiments with a superconducting nanosized Pb bridge formed between a scanning tunneling microscope tip and a substrate, superconductivity has been detected at magnetic fields, which are few times larger than the third (surface) critical field. We describe the observed phenomenon on the basis of a numerical solution of the Ginzburg-Landau equations in a model structure consisting of six conoids. The spatial distribution of the superconducting phase is shown to be strongly inhomogeneous, with concentration of the superconducting phase near the narrowest part (the “neck”) of the bridge. We show that suppression of superconductivity in the bridge by applied magnetic field or by temperature first occurs near the bases and then in the neck region, what leads to a continuous superconducting-to-normal resistive transition. A position of the transition midpoint depends on temperature and, typically, is by one order of magnitude higher than the second critical field Hc2. We find that the vortex states can be realized in the bridge at low temperatures T/Tc ? 0.6. The vortex states lead to a fine structure of the superconducting-to-normal resistive transition. We also analyze vortex states in the bridge, which are characterized by a varying vorticity as a function of the bridge’s height.

V. R. Misko; V. M. Fomin; J. T. Devreese

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

A Realization of Effective SUSY with Strong Unification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A natural model of realizing the effective supersymmetry is presented. Two sets of the Standard Model-like gauge group $G_1\\times G_2$ are introduced, where $G_i=SU(3)_i\\times SU(2)_i\\times U(1)_i$, which break diagonally to the Standard Model gauge group at the energy scale $M \\sim 10^7$ GeV. Gauge couplings in $G_1$ are assumed much larger than that in $G_2$. Gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking is adopted. The first two generations (third one) are charged only under $G_1$ ($G_2$). The effective supersymmetry spectrum is obtained. How to reproduce realistic Yukawa couplings is studied. Fine-tuning for an 126 GeV Higgs is much reduced by the large $A$ term due to direct Higgs-messenger interaction. Finally, $G_2$ is found to be a non-trivial realization of the strong unification scenario in which case we can predict $\\alpha_s(M_Z)$ without real unification

Liu, Chun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Spiky strings in the Bethe ansatz at strong coupling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study spiky string solutions in AdS{sub 3}xS{sup 1} that are characterized by two spins S, J as well as winding m in S{sup 1} and spike number n. We construct explicitly two-cut solutions by using the SL(2) asymptotic Bethe ansatz equations at leading order in strong coupling. Unlike the folded spinning string, these solutions have asymmetric distributions of Bethe roots. The solutions match the known spiky string classical results obtained directly from string theory for arbitrary semiclassical parameters, including J=0 and any value of S, namely, short and long strings. At large spins and winding number the string touches the boundary, and we find a new scaling limit with the energy given as E-S=(n/2{pi}){radical}(1+[(4{pi}{sup 2})/n{sup 2}](J{sup 2}/ln{sup 2}S+m{sup 2}/ln{sup 2}S))lnS. This is a generalization of the known scaling for the folded spinning string.

Kruczenski, M.; Tirziu, A. [Department of Physics, Purdue University, W. Lafayette, Indiana 47907-2036 (United States)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

The Role of Benchmarking in Promoting Strong Energy Management Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The significance of formalized energy management practices and programs in driving and sustaining energy efficiency improvements within the industrial sector has become more widely recognized over the past several years. The release of the ISO 50001 energy management standard will also further elevate the role of energy management systems. For over the past 10 years, the US EPA's ENERGY STAR Commercial and Industrial program have focused on promoting and supporting the development of strong corporate management programs. A key aspect of facilitating the establishment of energy management programs has been the development of benchmarking tools that help companies evaluate the energy performance and practices. This paper will examine some of the lessons learned in developing both quantitative and qualitative energy management benchmarking tools and the importance of establishing good energy performance indicators. The paper will examine the pros and cons of different types of quantitative energy performance benchmarks. The value of qualitative benchmarking tools to gauge management practices will also be discussed. Lastly, recommendations for how to further the development energy benchmarks shall be presented.

Tunnessen, W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Accretion disks around black holes in modified strong gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stellar-mass black holes offer what is perhaps the best scenario to test theories of gravity in the strong-field regime. In particular, f(R) theories, which have been widely discuss in a cosmological context, can be constrained through realistic astrophysical models of phenomena around black holes. We aim at building radiative models of thin accretion disks for both Schwarzschild and Kerr black holes in f(R) gravity. We study particle motion in f(R)-Schwarzschild and Kerr space-times. We present the spectral energy distribution of the accretion disk around constant Ricci scalar f(R) black holes, and constrain specific f(R) prescriptions using features of these systems. A precise determination of both the spin and accretion rate onto black holes along with X-ray observations of their thermal spectrum might allow to identify deviations of gravity from General Relativity. We use recent data on the high-mass X-ray binary Cygnus X-1 to restrict the values of the parameters of a class of f(R) models.

Daniela Pérez; Gustavo E. Romero; Santiago E. Perez Bergliaffa

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

344

Influences of the Sierra Nevada on Intermountain Cold-Front Evolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent studies indicate that strong cold fronts develop frequently downstream of the Sierra Nevada over the Intermountain West. To help ascertain why, this paper examines the influence of the Sierra Nevada on the rapidly developing Intermountain ...

Gregory L. West; W. James Steenburgh

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Organisational change through influence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Influence is a phenomenon underpinning many types of interactions in both human and artificial organisations, and has a significant impact on the operation of the organisation. If influence can be examined at the ... Keywords: Formal specification and analysis/verification, Organisational changes, Organisations, Software agents

Mairi Mccallum; Wamberto W. Vasconcelos; Timothy J. Norman

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

States fund an expanded range of activities under low-income home energy assistance block grant  

SciTech Connect

The low-income home energy assistance (LIHEA) block grant expanded states' flexibility and authority and permitted funds to be used for a broader range of activities not previously permitted. Unlike other block grants created under the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981, LIHEA received increased appropriations over the level established for the prior program to assist eligible households in meeting the costs of home energy. While heating assistance continued to account for the bulk of expenditures in most states, the majority of the 13 states GAO visited used their new authority to provide weatherization, transfer energy assistance funds to other block grants, and carry over funds to the following year. In addition, states gave increased emphasis to energy crisis assistance. Few changes were made to program management procedures. Overall, state executive and legislative branch officials found the block grant less burdensome and more desirable than the prior program. However, about half the interest groups viewed the block grant as a less desirable method of funding energy assistance programs.

Not Available

1984-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

347

Making It Happen: Achieving Energy Efficiency in Multi-Family Buildings Housing Low-Income Tenants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saving energy in multi-family buildings is a comparatively easy task to accomplish in theory: engineering science has shown us how to reduce heatloss and air infiltration, how to balance systems and improve heating plant efficiency, and how to capture warmth from the air, the earth and the sea. But getting this knowledge into multi-family buildings and making them energy efficient in fact is very difficult, especially if those buildings house low-income and elderly tenants, the people for whom saving energy is most urgent. Energy practitioners have found that multifamily building owners are not buying energy efficiency because it is not being marketed intelligently; affordable financing is very difficult to obtain, and energy education tailored to the needs of owners, occupants and maintenance crews is practically unknown. This paper discusses how four non-profit energy companies, located in major cities, overcame these obstacles. It explains how they market energy conservation improvements, how they finance them, and how they involve tenants in energy education; i.e., how they make energy efficiency happen in multifamily buildings.

Haun, C. R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Integrating Photovoltaic Systems into Low-Income Housing Developments: A Case Study on the Creation of a New Residential Financing Model and Low-Income Resident Job Training Program, September 2011 (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This case study covers the process of successfully integrating photovoltaic (PV) systems into a low-income housing development in northeast Denver, Colorado, focusing specifically on a new financing model and job training. The Northeast Denver Housing Center (NDHC), working in cooperation with Del Norte Neighborhood Development Corporation, Groundwork Denver, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), was able to finance the PV system installations by blending private equity funding with utility rebates, federal tax credits, and public sector funding. A grant provided by the Governor's Energy Office allowed for the creation of the new financing model. In addition, the program incorporated an innovative low-income job training program and an energy conservation incentive program.

Dean, J.; Smith-Dreier, C.; Mekonnen, G.; Hawthorne, W.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Integrating Photovoltaic Systems into Low-Income Housing Developments: A Case Study on the Creation of a New Residential Financing Model and Low-Income Resident Job Training Program, September 2011 (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This case study covers the process of successfully integrating photovoltaic (PV) systems into a low-income housing development in northeast Denver, Colorado, focusing specifically on a new financing model and job training. The Northeast Denver Housing Center (NDHC), working in cooperation with Del Norte Neighborhood Development Corporation, Groundwork Denver, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), was able to finance the PV system installations by blending private equity funding with utility rebates, federal tax credits, and public sector funding. A grant provided by the Governor's Energy Office allowed for the creation of the new financing model. In addition, the program incorporated an innovative low-income job training program and an energy conservation incentive program.

Dean, J.; Smith-Dreier, C.; Mekonnen, G.; Hawthorne, W.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

The Influence of Sampling and Filtering on Measured Wind Gusts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theory by Rice for extreme value statistics is used to study the influence of filters in a wind measuring system on the measured gusts. An extension is made to discretely sampled data. Model results are compared with strong wind data from the ...

A. C. M. Beljaars

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

THE ROLE OF DRAG IN THE ENERGETICS OF STRONGLY FORCED EXOPLANET ATMOSPHERES  

SciTech Connect

In contrast to the Earth, where frictional heating is typically negligible, we show that drag mechanisms could act as an important heat source in the strongly forced atmospheres of some exoplanets, with the potential to alter the circulation. We modify the standard formalism of the atmospheric energy cycle to explicitly track the loss of kinetic energy and the associated frictional (re)heating, for application to exoplanets such as the asymmetrically heated 'hot Jupiters' and gas giants on highly eccentric orbits. We establish that an understanding of the dominant drag mechanisms and their dependence on local atmospheric conditions is critical for accurate modeling, not just in their ability to limit wind speeds, but also because they could possibly change the energetics of the circulation enough to alter the nature of the flow. We discuss possible sources of drag and estimate the strength necessary to significantly influence the atmospheric energetics. As we show, the frictional heating depends on the magnitude of kinetic energy dissipation as well as its spatial variation, so that the more localized a drag mechanism is, the weaker it can be and still affect the circulation. We also use the derived formalism to estimate the rate of numerical loss of kinetic energy in a few previously published hot Jupiter models with and without magnetic drag and find it to be surprisingly large, at 5%-10% of the incident stellar irradiation.

Rauscher, Emily [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, 1629 East University Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85721-0092 (United States); Menou, Kristen [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, 550 West 120th St., New York, NY 10027 (United States)

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

352

Modelling strong seismic ground motion: three-dimensional loading path versus wavefield polarization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seismic waves due to strong earthquakes propagating in surficial soil layers may both reduce soil stiffness and increase the energy dissipation into the soil. To investigate seismic wave amplification in such cases, past studies have been devoted to one-directional shear wave propagation in a soil column (1D-propagation) considering one motion component only (1C-polarization). Three independent purely 1C computations may be performed ('1D-1C' approach) and directly superimposed in the case of weak motions (linear behaviour). This research aims at studying local site effects by considering seismic wave propagation in a 1-D soil profile accounting for the influence of the 3-D loading path and non-linear hysteretic behaviour of the soil. In the proposed '1D-3C' approach, the three components (3C-polarization) of the incident wave are simultaneously propagated into a horizontal multilayered soil. A 3-D non-linear constitutive relation for the soil is implemented in the framework of the Finite Element Method in th...

D'Avila, Maria Paola Santisi; Semblat, Jean-François

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Design and Evaluation of a Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado Jesse Dean and Otto VanGeet National Renewable Energy Laboratory Scott Simkus Boulder County Housing Authority Mark Eastment Mountain Energy Partnership Technical Report NREL/TP-7A40-51450 March 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette,

354

An Analysis of Low Cost, Energy Efficient, Housing for Low-income Residents of How and Humid Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this research is to develop methods that will enable the reduction of owning and operating costs of low-income housing in the hot-humid climates of the U. S. The objectives include investigating various scenarios that will enable the implementation of cost-effective construction of low-income housing using volunteer labor. The research uses a case study approach where a base-line energy use is established using a comparative Princeton Score Keeping Method (PRISM) analysis and measurements from a case study house. A prototype house is then simulated with the DOE-2 building simulation program, and the energy savings calculated by comparing simulated energy and water conservation design measures (E&WCDMs) with the calibrated baseline energy simulation. The cost and maintenance of the house are analyzed with the real cost of construction of a case study house in Bryan/College Station, Texas.

Kootin-Sanwu, Victor

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Patterns of residential energy demand by type of household: white, black, Hispanic, and low- and nonlow-income  

SciTech Connect

This report compares patterns of residential energy use by white, black, Hispanic, low-income, and nonlow-income households. The observed downward trend in residential energy demand over the period of this study can be attributed primarily to changes in space-heating energy demand. Demand for space-heating energy has experienced a greater decline than energy demand for other end uses for two reasons: (1) it is the largest end use of residential energy, causing public attention to focus on it and on strategies for conserving it; and (2) space-heating expenditures are large relative to other residential energy expenditures. The price elasticity of demand is thus greater, due to the income effect. The relative demand for space-heating energy, when controlled for the effect of climate, declined significantly over the 1978-1982 period for all fuels studied. Income classes do not differ significantly. In contrast, black households were found to use more energy for space heating than white households were found to use, although those observed differences are statistically significant only for houses heated with natural gas. As expected, the average expenditure for space-heating energy increased significantly for dwellings heated by natural gas and fuel oil. No statistically significant increases were found in electricity expenditures for space heating. Electric space heat is, in general, confined to milder regions of the country, where space heating is relatively less essential. As a consequence, we would expect the electricity demand for space heating to be more price-elastic than the demand for other fuels.

Klein, Y.; Anderson, J.; Kaganove, J.; Throgmorton, J.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Layered transition metal oxides are the focus of intense research efforts because they might clarify the superconducting mechanism of cuprate high-temperature superconductors (HTSCs). A case in point is NaxCoO2 with x = 0.7, which is a parent compound for a family of cobaltites that exhibits superconductivity. This class of materials is also thought to be ideal for detecting the long-sought resonating valence bond (RVB) state of matter proposed by Philip Anderson of Princeton University in 1973. Researchers from Princeton University and ALS are the first to use angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) to demonstrate the strongly electron correlated nature of this material and to provide evidence that charge transport is strongly influenced by topological spin frustration.

357

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Layered transition metal oxides are the focus of intense research efforts because they might clarify the superconducting mechanism of cuprate high-temperature superconductors (HTSCs). A case in point is NaxCoO2 with x = 0.7, which is a parent compound for a family of cobaltites that exhibits superconductivity. This class of materials is also thought to be ideal for detecting the long-sought resonating valence bond (RVB) state of matter proposed by Philip Anderson of Princeton University in 1973. Researchers from Princeton University and ALS are the first to use angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) to demonstrate the strongly electron correlated nature of this material and to provide evidence that charge transport is strongly influenced by topological spin frustration.

358

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Layered transition metal oxides are the focus of intense research efforts because they might clarify the superconducting mechanism of cuprate high-temperature superconductors (HTSCs). A case in point is NaxCoO2 with x = 0.7, which is a parent compound for a family of cobaltites that exhibits superconductivity. This class of materials is also thought to be ideal for detecting the long-sought resonating valence bond (RVB) state of matter proposed by Philip Anderson of Princeton University in 1973. Researchers from Princeton University and ALS are the first to use angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) to demonstrate the strongly electron correlated nature of this material and to provide evidence that charge transport is strongly influenced by topological spin frustration.

359

Bringing good things to life : New Markets Tax Credits and the opening of low-income communities to investment, including a case study of Pittsfield, Massachusetts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) Program is designed to promote investment and economic growth in urban and rural low-income communities across the country. Created in 2000 as one of the last acts of the Clinton Administration, ...

McGrath, Daniel J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Response of a Strongly Eddying Global Ocean to North Atlantic Freshwater Perturbations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The strongly eddying version of the Parallel Ocean Program (POP) is used in two 45-year simulations to investigate the response of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) to strongly enhanced freshwater input due to Greenland ...

Matthijs den Toom; Henk A. Dijkstra; Wilbert Weijer; Matthew W. Hecht; Mathew E. Maltrud; Erik van Sebille

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Applied fractionalization : quantum phases and phase transitions of strongly interacting systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strongly correlated systems present interesting challenges in condensed matter physics. On the one hand, the theoretical work in the last two decades suggests that strong interactions may lead to new phases and phase ...

Grover, Tarun, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Projecting net incomes for Texas crop producers: an application of probabilistic forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agricultural policy changes directly affect the economic viability of Texas crop producers because government payments make up a significant portion of their net farm income (NFI). NFI projections benefit producers, agribusinesses and policy makers, but an economic model making these projections for Texas did not previously exist. The objective of this study was to develop a model to project annual NFI for producers of major crops in Texas. The Texas crop model was developed to achieve this objective, estimating state prices, yields and production costs as a function of their national counterparts. Five hundred iterations of national price and yield projections from the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI), along with FAPRI�s average production cost projections, were used as input to the Texas crop model. The stochastic FAPRI Baseline and residuals for Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) equations relating Texas variables to national variables were used to incorporate the risk left unexplained by OLS equations between Texas and U.S. variables. Deterministic and probabilistic NFI projections for Texas crops were compared under the January 2005 and January 2006 FAPRI Baseline projections. With production costs increasing considerably and prices rising moderately in the January 2006 Baseline, deterministic projections of 2006-2014 Texas NFI decreased by an average of 26 percent for corn, 3 percent for cotton, 15 percent for peanuts, and 12 percent for rice, and were negative for sorghum and wheat. Probability distributions of projected NFI fell for all program crops, especially sorghum and wheat. Higher hay price projections caused deterministic projections of NFI for hay to rise roughly 13 percent, and increased the probability distributions of projected hay NFI. Deterministic and probabilistic projections of total NFI decreased for each year, especially for 2006-2008 when fuel price projections were the highest. The Texas crop model can be used to simulate NFI for Texas crop producers under alternative FAPRI baselines. The model shows the impact of baseline changes on probability distributions of NFI for each crop and for Texas as a whole. It can also be useful as a policy analysis tool to compare impacts of alternative farm and macroeconomic policies on NFI.

Eggerman, Christopher Ryan

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Strong Westerly Wind Events in the Strait of Juan de Fuca  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Strong westerly wind events occur regularly within and downstream of the Strait of Juan de Fuca of Washington State. During such strong gap wind periods, flow can accelerate to 30-50 kt, with gusts sometimes reaching 80 kt or more. Strong winds in ...

Clifford F. Mass; Michael D. Warner; Rick Steed

364

Cultural Influences on the Discipline of Chemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the history of humankind, people have engaged in activities we associate in some way with chemistry. But people have done so within a framework of their own culture, not within a Western science cultural framework in which the discipline of chemistry exists. To understand the cultural framework of chemistry taught in universities today, we need to step out of the comfort of our own scientific culture we live in today. In other words, the cultural influences on chemistry are found by looking at alternative cultures. I am following the old adage, “If you want to learn about water, don’t ask a fish.” History is a convenient vehicle to help us understand cultural influences. Because our scientific culture today has strong Greek roots, let me first explore Aristotle’s ideas about matter and then follow those ideas when they are placed in a different culture, Arabic culture, for instance. We shall then see what gets lost in translation between Greek and Arabic cultures. This discovery will shed light on some cultural influences on today’s chemistry and will have direct implications for the instruction of students. Greek Culture Aristotle’s ideas about matter rejected an atomic-like model of matter in favour of a continuum model. His model is summarized by Figure 1, representing the four elements, which when combined in various proportions produce different qualities of matter.

Dr. Glen; S. Aikenhead

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Wind emission of OB supergiants and the influence of clumping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence of the wind to the total continuum of OB supergiants is discussed. For wind velocity distributions with \\beta > 1.0, the wind can have strong influence to the total continuum emission, even at optical wavelengths. Comparing the continuum emission of clumped and unclumped winds, especially for stars with high \\beta values, delivers flux differences of up to 30% with maximum in the near-IR. Continuum observations at these wavelengths are therefore an ideal tool to discriminate between clumped and unclumped winds of OB supergiants.

Kraus, Michaela; Krticka, Jiri

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Wind emission of OB supergiants and the influence of clumping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence of the wind to the total continuum of OB supergiants is discussed. For wind velocity distributions with \\beta > 1.0, the wind can have strong influence to the total continuum emission, even at optical wavelengths. Comparing the continuum emission of clumped and unclumped winds, especially for stars with high \\beta values, delivers flux differences of up to 30% with maximum in the near-IR. Continuum observations at these wavelengths are therefore an ideal tool to discriminate between clumped and unclumped winds of OB supergiants.

Michaela Kraus; Jiri Kubat; Jiri Krticka

2007-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

367

Solar wind triggering of geomagnetic disturbances and strong (M>6.8) earthquakes during the November - December 2004 period  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper brings space weather prediction close to earthquake (EQ) prediction research. The results of this paper support conclusions of previously presented statistical studies that solar activity influences the seismic activity, this influence is mediated through rapid geomagnetic disturbances and the geomagnetic disturbances are related with increases of solar wind speed. Our study concern an example of 40 days with direct response of a series of 7 strong-to-giant (M=6.8-9.3) EQs (including the Andaman-Sumatra EQ) to solar wind speed increases and subsequent geomagnetic fast disturbances. Our analysis for 10 M>6 EQs from November 23 to December 28, 2004 suggests a mean time response delay of EQs to fast geomagnetic disturbances of ~1.5 days. The two giant EQs during this period occurred after the two fastest geomagnetic variations, as revealed by the ratio of the daily Kp index variation over a day {\\Delta}Kp/{\\Delta}t (12 and 15, respectively). It suggests that the fast disturbance of the magnetosphere, ...

Anagnostopoulos, G; Antoniou, P

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Science.gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

5, 2012 Science.gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year Washington, DC - Science.gov, known for its groundbreaking search and retrieval of government science...

369

US ITER is a strong contributor in plan to enhance international...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

American Fusion News Category: U.S. ITER Link: US ITER is a strong contributor in plan to enhance international sharing of prime ITER real estate...

370

Probing strong-field gravity and black holes with gravitational waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gravitational wave observations will be excellent tools for making precise measurements of processes that occur in very strong- field regions of space time. Extreme mass

Hughes, Scott A.

371

Influences on farmland values in urban Texas counties and the State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Farmland values have been a highly researched topic for the past several decades. Interest was spurred initially by increased variability between land values and farm income during the 1950's. Prior research sought to explain value changes through the defining the relationships between land values and an assortment of farm sector and nonfarm sector variables. The foci of the prior studies were mostly rural, homogeneous areas of major agricultural states. Although Texas is considered an important agricultural state with a diversity of related enterprises, its farmland values have generally escaped the scrutiny of review. In 1992, Texas farmland comprised nearly 10 percent of the U.S. aggregated farmland value. This study sought to further knowledge by evaluating previously identified significant land value influences for their importance in Texas. Based on a literature review, proxy variables were specified to represent the influences and were tested for their explanatory ability on Texas land value data. The scope of the study was selected to reflect years that were considered historically interesting for land values in the United States, 1969 through 1994. Urban counties were studied to ascertain if identified influences were important to designated agricultural-use land near metropolitan areas. The results indicate that land supply and demand factors were the most often important influences upon land values, General agricultural economic factors were next in prevalence, followed by farm and nonfarm income factors which were not usually significant to the urban farmland. The study also emphasized that land dedicated to agricultural use in the urban counties was chiefly valued for its abilities to serve investment and consumptive purposes, instead of productive participants need to ascertain local market conditions before making a decision to buy or sell land. Land owners must carefully consider land management choices, as resource issues will increasingly impact land value. Agricultural land owners should evaluate their land primarily in terms of its investment and consumptive potential, instead of its productive qualities.

Clampffer, Blake Robert

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

The Mental State of Influencers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most analysis of influence looks at the mechanisms Used, and how effectively they work on the intended audience. Here we consider influence from another perspective: what do the language choices made by influencers enable us to detect about their internal ... Keywords: language usage, ranking, Jihadi language, deception

D. B. Skillicorn; C. Leuprecht

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Living Space Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" 2 Living Space Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Living Space Characteristics" "Total",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Floorspace (Square Feet)" "Total Floorspace1" "Fewer than 500",3.2,1.9,0.9,"Q","Q","Q",1.3,2.3 "500 to 999",23.8,10.5,7.3,3.3,1.4,1.2,6.6,12.9 "1,000 to 1,499",20.8,5.8,7,3.8,2.2,2,3.9,8.9

374

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Lighting Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005" 3 Lighting Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Lighting Usage Indicators" "Total U.S. Housing Units",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Indoor Lights Turned On During Summer" "Number of Lights Turned On" "Between 1 and 4 Hours per Day",91.8,20.8,23.6,17,11.3,19.1,13,30.7 "1.",28.6,9.4,9.1,4.5,2.4,3.2,5.7,12.6 "2.",29.5,6.8,8,5.8,3.7,5.2,4.2,10.2

375

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Household Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" 3 Household Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Household Characteristics" "Total",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Household Size" "1 Person",30,13.5,8.5,4.3,2,1.8,5.9,13.1 "2 Persons",34.8,6,8.8,7.3,4.4,8.4,3.5,8.4 "3 Persons",18.4,3.1,4.7,3.4,2.5,4.6,2,5.8 "4 Persons",15.9,2.2,3.5,3.3,2.7,4.3,2.2,5.1

376

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 Water Heating Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" 8 Water Heating Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Water Heating Characteristics" "Total",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Number of Water Heaters" "1.",106.3,25.8,28,19.6,12.7,20.2,16,37.3 "2 or More",3.7,0.3,0.5,0.9,0.4,1.7,"Q",0.5 "Do Not Use Hot Water",1.1,0.6,0.3,"Q","N","Q",0.5,0.8

377

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Housing Unit Characteristics" "Total",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Census Region and Division" "Northeast",20.6,4.9,5.4,3.5,2.4,4.3,3.2,8.1 "New England",5.5,1.3,1.3,1,0.6,1.2,0.7,2.3 "Middle Atlantic",15.1,3.7,4.1,2.5,1.8,3.1,2.5,5.8 "Midwest",25.6,6.5,6.6,4.7,3,4.8,3.5,9.4

378

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Space Heating Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" 4 Space Heating Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Space Heating Characteristics" "Total",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Do Not Have Space Heating Equipment",1.2,0.5,0.3,0.2,"Q",0.2,0.3,0.6 "Have Main Space Heating Equipment",109.8,26.2,28.5,20.4,13,21.8,16.3,37.9 "Use Main Space Heating Equipment",109.1,25.9,28.1,20.3,12.9,21.8,16,37.3

379

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

HC7.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" HC7.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Home Appliances Characteristics" "Total U.S.",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Cooking Appliances" "Conventional Ovens" "Use an Oven",109.6,26.1,28.5,20.2,12.9,21.8,16.3,37.8 "1.",103.3,25.1,27.1,19.2,12.3,19.6,15.8,36.3 "2 or More",6.2,0.9,1.4,1,0.6,2.2,0.5,1.5

380

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Home Electronics Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" 1 Home Electronics Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Home Electronics Characteristics" "Total",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Personal Computers" "Do Not Use a Personal Computer ",35.5,17.1,10.8,4.2,1.8,1.6,10.3,20.6 "Use a Personal Computer",75.6,9.6,18,16.4,11.3,20.3,6.4,17.9 "Number of Desktop PCs" "1.",50.3,8.3,14.2,11.4,7.2,9.2,5.3,14.2

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Short and Long-Term Perspectives: The Impact on Low-Income Consumers of Forecasted Energy Price Increases in 2008 and A Cap & Trade Carbon Policy in 2030  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA) recently released its short-term forecast for residential energy prices for the winter of 2007-2008. The forecast indicates increases in costs for low-income consumers in the year ahead, particularly for those using fuel oil to heat their homes. In the following analysis, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory has integrated the EIA price projections with the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for 2001 in order to project the impact of these price increases on the nation's low-income households by primary heating fuel type, nationally and by Census Region. The report provides an update of bill estimates provided in a previous study, "The Impact Of Forecasted Energy Price Increases On Low-Income Consumers" (Eisenberg, 2005). The statistics are intended for use by policymakers in the Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program and elsewhere who are trying to gauge the nature and severity of the problems that will be faced by eligible low-income households during the 2008 fiscal year. In addition to providing expenditure forecasts for the year immediately ahead, this analysis uses a similar methodology to give policy makers some insight into one of the major policy debates that will impact low-income energy expenditures well into the middle decades of this century and beyond. There is now considerable discussion of employing a cap-and-trade mechanism to first limit and then reduce U.S. emissions of carbon into the atmosphere in order to combat the long-range threat of human-induced climate change. The Energy Information Administration has provided an analysis of projected energy prices in the years 2020 and 2030 for one such cap-and-trade carbon reduction proposal that, when integrated with the RECS 2001 database, provides estimates of how low-income households will be impacted over the long term by such a carbon reduction policy.

Eisenberg, Joel Fred [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Implicit--explicit methods based on strong stability preserving multistep time discretizations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this note we propose and analyze novel implicit-explicit methods based on second order strong stability preserving multistep time discretizations. Several schemes are developed, and a linear stability analysis is performed to study their properties ... Keywords: Advection--diffusion equation, Implicit--explicit methods, Stability, Strong stability preserving methods

Thor Gjesdal

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Proschema: A Matlab application for processing strong motion records and estimating earthquake engineering parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Strong motion records are the original input data for earthquake engineering studies and earthquake resistant building codes. Records originating from both, analogue and modern digital instruments should be subjected to processing in order to derive ... Keywords: CDMG format, Corrected time series, European strong motion database format, Response spectra, Seismology, Smc format

M. Segou; N. Voulgaris

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Anchoring and steering gaussian quadrature for positive definite strong moment functionals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Algorithms for the construction of block-formed orthogonal Laurent polynomial sequences and corresponding Gaussian quadratures associated with positive definite strong moment functionals are introduced and compared. Cost estimates and numerical examples ... Keywords: 42C05, Gaussian quadrature, Ordered orthogonal Laurent polynomial sequences, Positive definite strong moment functionals, Primary 65D32; Secondary 41A20

Brian A. Hagler

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Using Hardware Memory Protection to Build a High-Performance, Strongly-Atomic Hybrid Transactional Memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate how fine-grained memory protection can be used in support of transactional memory systems: first showing how a software transactional memory system (STM) can be made strongly atomic by using memory protection on transactionally-held state, ... Keywords: Transactional Memory, Hybrid, Memory Protection, Primitives, Abort Handler, Strong Atomicity

Lee Baugh; Naveen Neelakantam; Craig Zilles

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Strong Coupling Expansion in a Correlated Three-Dimensional Topological Insulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by recent studies which show that topological phases may emerge in strongly correlated electron systems, we theoretically study the strong electron correlation effect in a three-dimensional topological insulator, which effective Hamiltonian can be described by the Wilson fermions. We adopt 1/r long-range Coulomb interaction as the interaction between the bulk electrons. Based on the U(1) lattice gauge theory, the strong coupling expansion is applied by assuming that the effective interaction is strong. It is shown that the effect of the Coulomb interaction is equivalent to the renormalization of the bare mass of the Wilson fermions, and that as a result, the topological insulator phase survives in the strong coupling limit.

Akihiko Sekine; Takashi Z. Nakano; Yasufumi Araki; Kentaro Nomura

2013-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

387

DEVELOPING FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER IN STRONGLY CURVED DUCTS OF RECTANGULAR CROSS-SECTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forced Convection Heat Transfer in Curved RectangularInfluence of Curvature on Heat Transfer to IncompressibleT. , "Forced Convective Heat Transfer in a Curved Channel

Yee, G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations (1994)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Documents Documents Federal Register Vol. 59, No. 32 Wednesday, February 16, 1994 Title 3- The President Executive Order 12898 of February 11, 1994 Federal Actions To Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows: Section 1-1.Implementation. 1-101. Agency Responsibilities. To the greatest extent practicable and per- mitted by law, and consistent with the principles set forth in the report on the National Performance Review, each Federal agency shall make achiev- ing environmental justice part of its mission by identifying and addressing, as appropriate, disproportionately high and adverse human health or environ-

389

Lifeline electric rates and alternative approaches to the problems of low-income ratepayers: ten case studies of rejected programs  

SciTech Connect

This volume, Volume 3, contains ten case studies of non-implemented programs. It is noted that in Volume 2, the implemented lifeline programs, evolved as policy closely after the 1973 oil embargo; in contrast, the rejected programs were initiated about 4 years later and considered in a more-complex policy environment - after which time alternate methods of assisting low-income people had been developed. Specifically presented here are program summary, issue development, governmental process, and impact for the following: (a) Delaware Senate Bill 202; (b) Illinois House Bill 83; (c) Maine Legislative Document No. 1043; (d) Minnesota House File 1243; (e) New York Assembly Bill 12214; (f) New York Senate Bill 7013-A; (g) Rhode Island Resolution 79-H 5770-A; (h) South Dakota Senate Joint Resolution 9; (i) West Virginia House Bill 943; and (j) Wisconsin Assembly Bill 1250. 4 figures, 24 tables.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Measured Energy Savings from Retrofits Installed in Low-Income Housing in a Hot and Humid Climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) is metering energy use in a Habitat for Humanity housing development. The objective is to understand the way in which energy is used in low income housing and how it can be effectively reduced. The ten homes come from a conventional housing project built by in 1993 Habitat for Humanity in Homestead, Florida. The instrumentation was installed in the homes in July of 1994 with over three years of 15-minute data collected on all sites. Data were obtained on seven electrical end-uses (air conditioning, heating, hot water, dryer, range, refrigerator, washer/freezer) as well as total. Weather conditions were also monitored as well as interior comfort conditions (temperature and humidity) and hot water consumption and window ventilation status. Baseline field data from a year of monitoring from the ten homes allowed unique insight into how energy is used in low income housing and suggested where consumption might be reduced. In April of 1997, a series of detailed retrofits were applied to eight of the ten Habitat homes. These included solar water heaters installed in seven homes. In eight homes we retrofit light features to compact fluorescent types, repaired and sealed duct air distribution systems, cleaned refrigerator coils and installed low-flow showerheads. Since each of he associated energy end-uses (including hot water consumption) is metered, we are able to assess the relative performance of each of the retrofits. We also measured of air conditioner performance and house tightness. These audits revealed numerous problems, but low-evaporator coil air flow was discovered in all homes. The paper describes the retrofit installation, audit data collected and the impact on measured energy consumption. Preliminary economics are explored.

Parker, D. S.; Sherwin, J. R.; Floyd, D. B.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

The Impact of DOE Building Technology Energy Efficiency Programs on U.S. Employment, Income, and Investment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To more fully evaluate its programs to increase the energy efficiency of the U.S. residential and commercial building stock, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) assesses the macroeconomic impacts of those programs, specifically on national employment, wage income, and (most recently) investment. The analysis is conducted using the Impact of Sector Energy Technologies (ImSET) model, a special-purpose 188-sector input-output model of the U.S. economy designed specifically to evaluate the impacts of energy efficiency investments and saving. For the analysis described in the paper, ImSET was amended to provide estimates of sector-by-sector capital requirements and investment. In the scenario of the Fiscal Year (FY) 2005 Buildings Technology (BT) program, the technologies and building practices being developed and promoted by the BT program have the prospect of saving about 2.9×1015 Btu in buildings by the year 2030, about 27% of the expected growth in buildings energy consumption by the year 2030. The analysis reported in the paper finds that, by the year 2030, these savings have the potential to increase employment by up to 446,000 jobs, increase wage income by $7.8 billion, reduce needs for capital stock in the energy sector and closely related supporting industries by about $207 billion (and the corresponding annual level of investment by $13 billion), and create net capital savings that are available to grow the nation’s future economy.

Scott, Michael J.; Roop, Joseph M.; Schultz, Robert W.; Anderson, Dave M.; Cort, Katherine A.

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

392

A Relativistic Generalization of Fowler-Nordheim Cold Emission in Presence of Strong Magnetic Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A relativistic version of cold emission of electrons in presence of strong magnetic field, relevant for strongly magnetized neutron stars is obtained. It is found that in this scenario, a scalar type potential barrier does not allow quantum tunneling through the surface. Whereas, in presence of a vector type surface barrier, the probability of electron emission is much larger compared to the original Fowler-Nordheim cold emission of electrons. It is found that the relativistic version in presence of strong magnetic field does not follow exponential decay.

Arpita Ghosh; Somenath Chakrabarty

2010-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

393

Individual- and Neighbourhood-Level Indicators of Subjective Well-Being in a Small and Poor Eastern Cape Township: The Effect of Health, Social Capital, Marital Status, and Income  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Our study used multilevel regression analysis to identify individual- and neighbourhood-level factors that determine individual-level subjective well-being in Rhini, a deprived suburb of Grahamstown in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. The Townsend index and Gini coefficient were used to investigate whether contextual neighbourhood-level differences in socioeconomic status determined individual-level subjective well-being. Crime experience, health status, social capital, and demographic variables were assessed at the individual level. The indicators of subjective well-being were estimated with a two-level random-intercepts and fixed slopes model. Social capital, health and marital status (all p \\.001), followed by income level (p \\.01) and the Townsend score (p \\.05) were significantly related to individual-level subjective well-being outcomes. Our findings showed that individual-level subjective well-being is influenced by neighbourhood-level socioeconomic status as measured by the Townsend deprivation score. Individuals reported higher levels of subjective well-being in less deprived neighbourhoods. Here we wish to highlight the role of context for subjective well-being, and to suggest that subjective well-being outcomes may also be defined in ecological terms. We hope the findings are useful for implementing programs and interventions designed to achieve greater subjective well-being for people living in deprived areas.

J. M. Cramm; A. P. Nieboer; A. P. Nieboer; V. Mřller

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Environ Resource Econ DOI 10.1007/s10640-008-9226-8 Are There Income Effects on Global Willingness to Pay for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract This paper is concerned with the empirical relationship between biodiversity conservation values and income. We use random effects panel models to examine the effects of income, and then GDP per capita, on willingness to pay for habitat and biodiversity conservation. In a meta-analysis, 145 Willingness To Pay estimates for biodiversity conservation where existence value plays a major role were collected from 46 contingent valuation studies across six continents. Other effects included in the meta-analysis were the study year; habitat type; continent; scope as presented to respondents; whether WTP bids were for preventing a deterioration or gaining an improvement in conservation, whether a specific species or specific habitat was protected; whether the questionnaire used a dichotomous choice or an open-ended format; distribution format; and the choice of payment vehicle. GDP per capita seemed to perform as well as an explanatory variable as respondent’s mean stated income, indicating that it is wealth in society as a whole which determines variations in WTP. Even if large variation, our main conclusion is, that the demand for biodiversity conservation rises with a nation’s wealth, but the income elasticity of willingness to pay is less than one.

Biodiversity Conservation; Jette Bredahl; Jacobsen Nick Hanley; J. B. Jacobsen (b

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Influence of Cooling on Distortion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 11   Factors that influence the cooling intensity of liquid quenchants...the vapor pressure is, the more difficult the

396

Separate Training Influences Relative Validity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

concurrent inhibitory training of B were to alter respondingComparative Psychology Separate Training Influences RelativeDuring relative validity training, X was reinforced when

Mehta, Rick; Dumont, Jamie-Lynne; Combiadakis, Sharon; Williams, Douglas A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Design Factors That Influence Corrosion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Corrosion factors that can influence design considerations...Inhibitors Inspection Planned maintenance Source: Ref 25...

398

Thresholdless coherent light scattering from subband polaritons in a strongly coupled microcavity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a “strongly coupled” (SC) polariton system formed between the atomlike intersubband transitions in a semiconductor nanostructure and the terahertz optical modes that are localized at the edges of a gold aperture. ...

Williams, Benjamin S.

399

Mechanics of a Strong Subsynoptic Gravity Wave Deduced from Satellite and Surface Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The three-dimensional structure and implied dynamics of a strong tropospheric gravity wave event am studied. It is shown that satellite and continuous surface observations reveal the subsynoptic nature of this “wave of depression” to an extent ...

Michael J. Pecnick; John A. Young

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

An Analysis of Strong Wind Events Simulated in a GCM near Casey in the Antarctic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Strong wind events occurring near Casey (Antarctica) in a long July GCM simulation have been studied to determine the relative roles played by the synoptic situation and the katabatic flow in producing these episodes. It has been found that the ...

Bradley F. Murphy; Ian Simmonds

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Kinetic Energy Budget during Strong Jet Stream Activity over the Eastern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic energy budgets are computed during a cold air outbreak in association with strong jet stream activity over the eastern United States. The period is characterized by large generation of kinetic energy due to cross-contour flow. Horizontal ...

Henry E. Fuelberg; James R. Scoggins

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Numerical Study on Flow Pass of a Three-Dimensional Obstacle under a Strong Stratification Condition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional, nonhydrostatic, numerical turbulent model was used to study the flow pass of a three-dimensional obstacle under a strong stratification condition. The numerical results clarify the behavior of the flow at a low Froude number, ...

W. Sha; K. Nakabayashi; H. Ueda

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Forecasting the Impacts of Strong Wintertime Post-Cold Front Winds in the Northern Plains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Strong post-cold front wind events in the northern plains of the United States are a difficult problem for operational forecasters. The various atmospheric ingredients that lead to these events are examined from an operational point of view. ...

Anton F. Kapela; Preston W. Leftwich; Richard Van Ess

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Flow and Hydraulics near the Sill of Hood Canal, a Strongly Sheared, Continuously Stratified Fjord  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hood Canal, a long fjord in Washington State, has strong tides but limited deep-water renewal landward of a complex constriction. Tide-resolving hydrographic and velocity observations at the constriction, with a depth-cycling towed body, varied ...

M. C. Gregg; L. J. Pratt

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Close encounters: Analyzing how social similarity and propinquity contribute to strong network connections.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Models of network formation emphasize the importance of social similarity and propinquity in producing strong interpersonal connections. The positive effect each factor can have on tie strength has been documented across ...

Reagans, Ray Eugene

406

Relating Passive 37-GHz Scattering to Radar Profiles in Strong Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager and precipitation radar measurements are examined for strong convective systems. Storms having similar values of minimum 37-GHz polarization-corrected temperature (PCT) are grouped ...

Daniel J. Cecil

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Thermohaline Oscillations Induced by Strong Steady Salinity Forcing of Ocean General Circulation Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of numerical experiments is conducted with a three-dimensional ocean general circulation model and a two-dimensional counterpart both designed for efficient integration over diffusive (millennial) time scales. With strong steady salinity ...

Michael Winton; E. S. Sarachik

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

The structure of strongly additive states and Markov triplets on the CAR algebra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We find a characterization of states satisfying equality in strong subadditivity of entropy and of Markov triplets on the CAR algebra. For even states, a more detailed structure of the density matrix is given.

Jencova, Anna

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

The structure of strongly additive states and Markov triplets on the CAR algebra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We find a characterization of states satisfying equality in strong subadditivity of entropy and of Markov triplets on the CAR algebra. For even states, a more detailed structure of the density matrix is given.

Anna Jencova

2010-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

410

Analyzing and Forecasting Rocky Mountain Lee Cyclogenesis Often Associated with Strong Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since numerical forecast models often err in predicting the timing and location of lee cyclogenesis, a physically based method to diagnose such errors is sought. A case of Rocky Mountain lee cyclogenesis associated with strong winds is examined ...

David M. Schultz; Charles A. Doswell III

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

The No-Higgs Signal: Strong WW Scattering at the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Hidden Symmetries and Higgs Phenomena, ed. D . Graudenz,I . P A I. -50731 The No-Higgs Signal: Strong W W Scatteringin the absence of a light Higgs boson. The general framework

Michael S. Chanowitz

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Radiation of a circulating quark in strongly coupled N = 4 super Yang-Mills theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy density and angular distribution of power radiated by a quark undergoing circular motion in strongly coupled N? = ?4 supersymmetric Yang?Mills (SYM) theory is computed using gauge?gravity duality. The results ...

Athanasiou, Christiana

413

A Numerical Model Study of Nocturnal Drainage Flows with Strong Wind and Temperature Gradients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A second-moment turbulence-closure model described in Yamada and Bunker is used to simulate nocturnal drainage flows observed during the 1984 ASCOT field expedition in Brush Creek, Colorado. In order to simulate the observed strong wind ...

T. Yamada; S. Bunker

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Strongly correlated quantum fluids: ultracold quantum gases, quantum chromodynamic plasmas and holographic duality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strongly correlated quantum fluids are phases of matter that are intrinsically quantum mechanical and that do not have a simple description in terms of weakly interacting quasiparticles. Two systems that have recently ...

Adams, Allan

415

Sampling Turbulence in the Stratified Ocean: Statistical Consequences of Strong Intermittency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turbulence and turbulent mixing in the ocean are strongly intermittent in amplitude, space and time. The degree of intermittency is measured by the “intermittency factor” ?2, defined as either ?2ln?, the variance of the logarithm of the viscous ...

Mark A. Baker; Carl H. Gibson

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Impact of Strong Tropical Volcanic Eruptions on ENSO Simulated in a Coupled GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of strong tropical volcanic eruptions (SVEs) on the El Nińo–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and its phase dependency is investigated using a coupled general circulation model (CGCM). This paper investigates the response of ENSO to an ...

Masamichi Ohba; Hideo Shiogama; Tokuta Yokohata; Masahiro Watanabe

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Strong WW scattering physics: A comparative study for the LHC, NLC and a Muon Collider  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the model independent parameterization for a strongly interacting electroweak sector. Phenomenological studies are made to probe such a sector for future colliders such as the LHC, e{sup +}e{sup -} Linear collider and a muon collider.

Han, Tao

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Mean Structure of the Nocturnal Boundary Layer under Strong and Weak Wind Conditions: EPRI Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The major objective of this study was to analyze the mean structure and evolution of the nocturnal boundary layer (NBL) under strong and weak wind conditions. Meteorological data collected during the plume-validation experiment conducted by the ...

T. B. P. S. Rama V. Krishna; Maithili Sharan; S. G. Gopalakrishnan; Aditi

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Spinodal instabilities and the distillation effect in nuclear matter under strong magnetic fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effect of strong magnetic fields, of the order of $10^{18}$-$10^{19}$ G, on the instability region of nuclear matter at subsaturation densities. Relativistic nuclear models both with constant couplings and with density dependent parameters are considered. It is shown that a strong magnetic field can have large effects on the instability regions giving rise to bands of instability and wider unstable regions. As a consequence we predict larger transition densities at the inner edge of the crust of compact stars with strong magnetic field. The direction of instability gives rise to a very strong distillation effect if the last Landau level is only partially filled. However, for almost completed Landau levels an anti-distillation effect may occur.

A. Rabhi; C. Providencia; J. Da Providencia

2008-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

420

Spinodal instabilities and the distillation effect in nuclear matter under strong magnetic fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the effect of strong magnetic fields, of the order of 10{sup 18}-10{sup 19} G, on the instability region of nuclear matter at subsaturation densities. Relativistic nuclear models both with constant couplings and with density-dependent parameters are considered. It is shown that a strong magnetic field can have large effects on the instability regions giving rise to bands of instability and wider unstable regions. As a consequence, we predict larger transition densities at the inner edge of the crust of compact stars with strong magnetic fields. The direction of instability gives rise to a very strong distillation effect if the last Landau level is only partially filled. However, for almost completed Landau levels, an antidistillation effect may occur.

Rabhi, A. [Centro de Fisica Computacional, Department of Physics, University of Coimbra, P-3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Laboratoire de Physique de la Matiere Condensee, Faculte des Sciences de Tunis, Campus Universitaire, Le Belvedere-1060 (Tunisia); Providencia, C.; Providencia, J. Da [Centro de Fisica Computacional, Department of Physics, University of Coimbra, P-3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Observations of Height-dependent Pressure-Perturbation Structure of a Strong Mesoscale Gravity Wave  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Airborne observations using a downward-looking, dual-frequency, near-infrared, differential absorption lidar (DIAL) system provide the first measurements of the height-dependent pressure-perturbation field associated with a strong mesoscale ...

David O'C. Starr; C. Laurence Korb; Geary K. Schwemmer; Chi Y. Weng

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Numerical Wave Modeling in Conditions with Strong Currents: Dissipation, Refraction, and Relative Wind  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currents effects on waves have led to many developments in numerical wave modeling over the past two decades, from numerical choices to parameterizations. The performance of numerical models in conditions with strong currents is reviewed here, and ...

Fabrice Ardhuin; Aron Roland; Franck Dumas; Anne-Claire Bennis; Alexei Sentchev; Philippe Forget; Judith Wolf; Françoise Girard; Pedro Osuna; Michel Benoit

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

This Policy Brief is an excerpt from the report: "Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households." For the full report and other resources visit: http://middleincome.lbl.gov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Policy Brief is an excerpt from the report: "Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income://middleincome.lbl.gov March 6, 2012 Scaling Energy Efficiency in the Heart of the Residential Market: Increasing Middle America's Access to Capital for Energy Improvements Middle income American households ­ broadly defined

424

Boundary layer convergence induced by strong winds across a midlatitude SST front  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent studies indicate that midlatitude SST fronts’ influence extends through the marine atmospheric boundary layer (MABL) into the free atmosphere, with implications for climate variability. To better understand the mechanisms of this ocean-to-...

Thomas Kilpatrick; Niklas Schneider; Bo Qiu

425

Fundamental factors influencing coke strength.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Research Doctorate - Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) In an ironmaking blast furnace solid-gas reactions are important and the rate of iron production is strongly dependent… (more)

Curran, Joel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Review of water, lighting, and cooling energy efficiency measures for low-income homes located in warm climates  

SciTech Connect

In support of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Weatherization Assistance Program, Oak Ridge National Laboratory has performed a literature review of weatherization measures applicable for homes located in warm climate regions. Sources for this information included: (1) documented engineering estimates, (2) vendor information, (3) reported performance from research and field tests, and (4) direct discussions with researchers, vendors, and field reporters. Estimated savings are extrapolated from reported energy savings and applied to the end-use energy consumption for low-income homes reported by the Energy Information Administration. Additionally, installation costs, savings-to-investment ratios, and parameters indicating performance sensitivity to issues such as occupancy, construction, client education, and maintenance requirements are presented. The report is comprised of two sections: (1) an overview of measure performance, and (2) an appendix. The overview of measures is in a tabular format, which allows for quick reference. More detailed discussions and references for each measure are presented in the Appendix and it is highly recommended that these be reviewed prior to measure selection.

Martin, M.A.; Gettings, M.B.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

The Influence of Catalysts on Discharge and Charge Voltages of Rechargeable Li–Oxygen Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study revealed the strong influence of carbon, Au/C, and Pt/C catalysts on the charge and discharge voltages of rechargeable Li–O[subscript 2] batteries. Li–O[subscript 2] single-cell measurements showed that Au/C had ...

Gasteiger, Hubert A.

428

Soft x-ray capabilities for investigating the strongly correlated electron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Soft x-ray capabilities for investigating the strongly correlated electron Soft x-ray capabilities for investigating the strongly correlated electron materials Friday, September 14, 2012 - 1:00pm SLAC, Bldg. 137, Room 226 Jun-Sik Lee Seminar One of the most challenging extant issues in condensed matter physics and applied materials science is the search for post-silicon based electronics, and multi-functional complex oxides offer hopes that new classes of devices can be developed out of these intriguing materials. In that context, the strongly correlated systems display an extremely rich interplay of charge, spin, and lattice interactions that have extensively been studied. This is because nature has already shown how powerful this interplay is: high Tc superconductivity, multiferroelectric, colossal magnetoresistance, and novel behavior in a heterostructure. Of the complex oxides, perovskites are

429

EM Wins Award for Role as Strong Small Businesses Advocate | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wins Award for Role as Strong Small Businesses Advocate Wins Award for Role as Strong Small Businesses Advocate EM Wins Award for Role as Strong Small Businesses Advocate June 28, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis DOE Office of Economic Impact and Diversity Director Dot Harris, left, presents the Sub-to-Prime Small Business Champion of the Year Award to EM Small Business Advocate Kay Rash, center, and EM Deputy Assistant Secretary for Acquisition and Project Management Jack Surash during DOE’s Fiscal Year 2011 DOE Secretarial Small Business Awards Program Wednesday. DOE Office of Economic Impact and Diversity Director Dot Harris, left, presents the Sub-to-Prime Small Business Champion of the Year Award to EM Small Business Advocate Kay Rash, center, and EM Deputy Assistant Secretary for Acquisition and Project Management Jack Surash during DOE's Fiscal

430

Science.gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year | OSTI, US Dept  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year December 5, 2012 Science.gov: Still Strong, Growing in 10th Anniversary Year Washington, DC - Science.gov, known for its groundbreaking search and retrieval of government science information, is celebrating its 10th Anniversary. Through federated one-stop search of U.S. government science information, the portal offers free access to research and development results from 17 organizations within 13 federal science agencies. Science.gov was the first government science search engine to rank results for relevancy in real time and was a pioneer in precision searching across full-text documents. In addition, over the past 10 years the number of pages available at Science.gov has grown from 47 million to over 200

431

Strong and Electromagnetic J/psi and psi(2S) Decays into Pion and Kaon Pairs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A combined analysis of the electromagnetic pion and kaon form factors in the neighborhood of J/psi and psi(2S) and of the strong decay amplitude of these resonances into kaons is presented. In the presence of a large relative phase between strong and electromagnetic resonance amplitudes the branching ratio, as measured in electron-positron annihilation, receives an additional contribution from the interference between resonance and continuum amplitude neglected in earlier papers. Our study is model independent and does not rely on the SU(3) symmetry assumptions used in earlier papers. We note that the large relative phase between strong and electromagnetic amplitudes observed in earlier analyses is model dependent and relies critically on the specific assumptions on SU(3) symmetry and breaking.

Czyz, Henryk

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Strong and Electromagnetic J/psi and psi(2S) Decays into Pion and Kaon Pairs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A combined analysis of the electromagnetic pion and kaon form factors in the neighborhood of J/psi and psi(2S) and of the strong decay amplitude of these resonances into kaons is presented. In the presence of a large relative phase between strong and electromagnetic resonance amplitudes the branching ratio, as measured in electron-positron annihilation, receives an additional contribution from the interference between resonance and continuum amplitude neglected in earlier papers. Our study is model independent and does not rely on the SU(3) symmetry assumptions used in earlier papers. We note that the large relative phase between strong and electromagnetic amplitudes observed in earlier analyses is model dependent and relies critically on the specific assumptions on SU(3) symmetry and breaking.

Henryk Czyz; Johann H. Kuhn

2009-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

433

Rainstorm Analysis and Rainfall Erosivity of a Seasonal Tropical Region with a Strong Cyclonic Influence on the Pacific Coast of Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to analyse the rainstorm pattern and rainfall erosivity of a seasonal tropical region in Mexico. Depth, duration, and intensity values of precipitation were obtained for all individual storms from continuous chart ...

F. García-Oliva; J. M. Maass; L. Galicia

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

On the Strong Coupling Limit of Many-Polaron Systems in Electromagnetic Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper estimates on the ground state energy of Fr\\"ohlich $N$-polarons in electromagnetic fields in the strong coupling limit, $\\alpha\\to\\infty$, are derived. It is shown that the ground state energy is given by $\\alpha^2$ multiplied by the minimal energy of the corresponding Pekar-Tomasevich functional for $N$ particles, up to an error term of order $\\alpha^{42/23}N^3$. The potentials $A,V$ are suitably rescaled in $\\alpha$. As a corollary, binding of $N$-polarons for strong magnetic fields for large coupling constants is established.

David Wellig

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

435

Phi-Meson Production at RHIC, Strong Color Fields and Intrinsic Transverse Momenta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the effects of strong color fields and of the associated enhanced intrinsic transverse momenta on the phi-meson production in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions at RHIC. The observed consequences include a change of the spectral slopes, varying particle ratios, and also modified mean transverse momenta. In particular, the composition of the production processes of phi mesons, that is, direct production vs. coalescence-like production, depends strongly on the strength of the color fields and intrinsic transverse momenta and thus represents a sensitive probe for their measurement.

Sven Soff; Srikumar Kesavan; Jorgen Randrup; Horst Stocker; Nu Xu

2004-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

436

Evidence of strong-coupling superconductivity in CaC{sub 6} from tunneling spectroscopy.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tunneling in CaC{sub 6} crystals reproducibly reveals superconducting gaps {Delta} of 2.3 {+-} 0.2 meV that are {approx}40% larger than reported earlier. In an isotropic s-wave scenario, that puts CaC{sub 6} into the class of very strongly coupled superconductors, since 2{Delta}/kT{sub c} {approx} 4.6, implying that soft Ca phonons are primarily involved in the superconductivity. This conclusion explains the relatively large Ca isotope effect found recently for CaC{sub 6}, but it could also signal a strong anisotropy in the electron-phonon interaction.

Kurter, C.; Ozyuzer, L.; Mazur, D.; Zasadzinski, J. F.; Rosenmann, D.; Claus, H.; Hinks, D. G.; Gray, K. E.; Materials Science Division; Illinois Inst. Tech.; Izmir Inst. Tech.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Transport coefficients of strongly coupled gauge theories: insights from string theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transport properties of certain strongly coupled thermal gauge theories can be determined from their effective description in terms of gravity or superstring theory duals. Here we provide a short summary of the results for the shear and bulk viscosity, charge diffusion constant, and the speed of sound in supersymmetric strongly interacting plasmas. We also outline a general algorithm for computing transport coefficients in any gravity dual. The algorithm relates the transport coefficients to the coefficients in the quasinormal spectrum of five-dimensional black holes in asymptotically anti de Sitter space.

Andrei O. Starinets

2005-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

438

The ground state energy of the multi-polaron in the strong coupling limit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the Fr\\"ohlich $N$-polaron Hamiltonian in the strong coupling limit and bound the ground state energy from below. In particular, our lower bound confirms that the ground state energy of the Fr\\"ohlich polaron and the ground state energy of the associated Pekar-Tomasevich variational problem are asymptotically equal in the strong coupling limit. We generalize the operator approach that was used to prove a similar result in the N=1 case in Lieb and Thomas (1997) and apply a Feynman-Kac formula to obtain the same result for an arbitrary particle number $N \\geq 1$.

Ioannis Anapolitanos; Benjamin Landon

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

439

NO EVIDENCE FOR HEATING OF THE SOLAR WIND AT STRONG CURRENT SHEETS  

SciTech Connect

It has been conjectured that strong current sheets are the sites of proton heating in the solar wind. For the present study, a strong current sheet is defined by a >45{sup 0} rotation of the solar-wind magnetic-field direction in 128 s. A total of 194,070 strong current sheets at 1 AU are analyzed in the 1998-2010 ACE solar-wind data set. The proton temperature, proton specific entropy, and electron temperature at each current sheet are compared with the same quantities in the plasmas adjacent to the current sheet. Statistically, the plasma at the current sheets is not hotter or of higher entropy than the plasmas just outside the current sheets. This is taken as evidence that there is no significant localized heating of the solar-wind protons or electrons at strong current sheets. Current sheets are, however, found to be more prevalent in hotter solar-wind plasma. This is because more current sheets are counted in the fast solar wind than in the slow solar wind, and the fast solar wind is hotter than the slow solar wind.

Borovsky, Joseph E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (United States); Denton, Michael H. [Department of Physics, Lancaster University, Lancaster (United Kingdom)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Stable cycling of lithium sulfide cathodes through strong affinity with a bifunctional binder  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stable cycling of lithium sulfide cathodes through strong affinity with a bifunctional binder Zhi lithium­sulfur batteries have attracted great interest in recent years because of their high theoretical specific energy, which is several times that of current lithium-ion batteries. Compared to sulfur, fully

Cui, Yi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Detecting of Coal Gas Weak Signals Using Lyapunov Exponent under Strong Noise Background  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In coal gas monitoring system, the early detecting of gas concentration is key technique for preventing the gas explosion because the coal gas signals are very weak under strong noise background in mining digging laneway. In this paper, the coal gas ... Keywords: Coal gas, weak signals, coal mine underground, Lyapunov exponent, Duffing chaotic oscillator

Ma Xian-Min

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

California Secretary for Natural Resources Reasserts State of California's Strong Opposition to Flawed Federal Water Legislation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California Secretary for Natural Resources Reasserts State of California's Strong Opposition, (916) 653-7402 SACRAMENTO, Calif. ­ California Natural Resources Secretary John Laird sent and Power Subcommittee in opposition to H.R. 1837. At the time, the state of California objected

443

Numerical Simulation of Strong Wind Situations near the French Mediterranean Coast: Comparison with FETCH Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A detailed analysis is made of some typical strong wind situations near the French Mediterranean coast. Special attention has been paid to the wind from the north-northwest in the Gulf of Lion, also called the mistral. The analysis is made from ...

A. Pezzoli; G. Tedeschi; F. Resch

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

The dynamic conductivity of strongly non-ideal plasmas: is the Drude model valid?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The method of moments is used to calculate the dynamic conductivity of strongly coupled fully ionized hydrogen plasmas. The electron density $n_{e}$ and temperature $T$ vary in the domains $ 10^{21} < n_{e} < 10^{24} {\\rm cm}^{-3}$, $10^{4} {\\rm K} < T < 10^{6} {\\rm K}$. The results are compared to some theoretical data.

Adamyan, V M; Sakan, N M; Sreckovic, V A; Tkachenko, I M; 10.1088/1751-8113/42/21/214005

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

The dynamic conductivity of strongly non-ideal plasmas: is the Drude model valid?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The method of moments is used to calculate the dynamic conductivity of strongly coupled fully ionized hydrogen plasmas. The electron density $n_{e}$ and temperature $T$ vary in the domains $ 10^{21} < n_{e} < 10^{24} {\\rm cm}^{-3}$, $10^{4} {\\rm K} < T < 10^{6} {\\rm K}$. The results are compared to some theoretical data.

V. M. Adamyan; A. A. Mihajlov; N. M. Sakan; V. A. Sreckovic; I. M. Tkachenko

2013-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

446

Kilohertz quasi-periodic oscillations and strong field gravity in X-ray binaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the past five years observations with the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer have revealed fast quasi-periodic oscillations in the X-ray flux of about 20 X-ray binaries. Thought to originate close to the surface of a neutron star, these oscillations provide unique information about the strong gravitational field in which they are produced.

Mariano Mendez

2002-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

447

Motivation vs. relevance: Using strong ties to find a job in Urban China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While the idea that contacts matter in finding a job is intuitively appealing, we still do not know—after decades of research—how and why strong ties benefit job seekers. To resolve this confusion, we need to theorize how ...

Obukhova, Elena

448

Strongly Correlated Quantum Fluids: Ultracold Quantum Gases, Quantum Chromodynamic Plasmas, and Holographic Duality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strongly correlated quantum fluids are phases of matter that are intrinsically quantum mechanical, and that do not have a simple description in terms of weakly interacting quasi-particles. Two systems that have recently attracted a great deal of interest are the quark-gluon plasma, a plasma of strongly interacting quarks and gluons produced in relativistic heavy ion collisions, and ultracold atomic Fermi gases, very dilute clouds of atomic gases confined in optical or magnetic traps. These systems differ by more than 20 orders of magnitude in temperature, but they were shown to exhibit very similar hydrodynamic flow. In particular, both fluids exhibit a robustly low shear viscosity to entropy density ratio which is characteristic of quantum fluids described by holographic duality, a mapping from strongly correlated quantum field theories to weakly curved higher dimensional classical gravity. This review explores the connection between these fields, and it also serves as an introduction to the Focus Issue of New Journal of Physics on Strongly Correlated Quantum Fluids: from Ultracold Quantum Gases to QCD Plasmas. The presentation is made accessible to the general physics reader and includes discussions of the latest research developments in all three areas.

Allan Adams; Lincoln D. Carr; Thomas Schaefer; Peter Steinberg; John E. Thomas

2012-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

449

Mass Flux and Vertical Distribution of Currents Caused by Strong Winds in a Wave Tank  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The velocity fields of wind-driven currents under strong winds were measured in a wind-wave tank with a double bottom. The tank has the characteristics to satisfy partially the continuity of the mass flux and to reduce return-flow effects on the ...

Toshinori Ogasawara; Takashi Yasuda

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Budgets of Lineal and Nonlineal Turbulent Kinetic Energy under Strong Shear Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quasi-lineal “roll” coherent structures appear in a large eddy simulation of strong wind shear and moderate surface buoyancy flux. Unlike idealized two-dimensional roll vortices, these rolls are finite in length and vary in axial angle. Over a ...

John W. Glendening

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Quark-meson coupling model for antikaon condensation in neutron star matter with strong magnetic fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effects of strong magnetic fields on antikaon condensation in neutron star matter using the quark-meson coupling (QMC) model. The QMC model describes a nuclear many-body system as nonoverlapping MIT bags in which quarks interact through the self-consistent exchange of scalar and vector mesons in the mean-field approximation. It is found that the presence of strong magnetic fields alters the threshold density of antikaon condensation significantly. The onset of $K^-$ condensation stronger depends on the magnetic field strength, and it even shifts beyond the threshold of $\\bar K^0$ condensation for sufficiently strong magnetic fields. In the presence of strong magnetic fields, the equation of state (EOS) becomes stiffer in comparison with the field-free case. The softening of the EOS by antikaon condensation also depends on the magnetic field strength, and it becomes less pronounced with increasing magnetic field strength. The results of the QMC model are compared with those obtained in a relativistic mean-field (RMF) model, and we find there are quantitative differences between the results of the QMC and RMF models.

P. Yue; H. Shen

2008-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

452

Weathering and the Fallout Plume of Heavy Oil from Strong Petroleum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Weathering and the Fallout Plume of Heavy Oil from Strong Petroleum Seeps Near Coal Oil Point, CA C distribution of oil forms a plume along the continental shelf that we suggest represents a chronic fallout the distribution of the fallout over a period of 0.4-5 days. The extent of hydrocarbon loss is consistent for all

Fabrikant, Sara Irina

453

A Case Study of Wave–Current Interaction in a Strong Tidal Current  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During August 1991, a field program was carried out in the vicinity of Cape St. James, off the British Columbia coast, where a strong tidally driven flow interacts with an active wave climate. Surface current maps were obtained from a CODAR-type ...

Diane Masson

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

A co-ordinate transformation technique for studying ux perturbations induced by strong  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. / Annals of Nuclear Energy 26 (1999) 1551±1567 #12;problem of a slab reactor with a strong vibrating d.C., 1948. Theory of oscillating absorber in a chain reactor. Phys. Rev. 74, 851. D.C. Sahni et al. / Annals Research Centre, Bombay-400085, India b Department of Reactor Physics, Chalmers University of Technology 5

Pázsit, Imre

455

Strong Current Events Related to a Subtropical Front in the Northeast Atlantic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-term temperature and current-meter records from moorings in the northern Canary Basin display strong current events with time scales between one and three months and large vertical scales of several thousand meters. The data are compared to ...

G. Siedler; W. Zenk; W. J. Emery

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Particle production in field theories coupled to strong external sources. II: Generating functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss a method for computing the generating function for the multiplicity distribution in field theories with strong time dependent external sources. At leading order, the computation of the generating function reduces to finding a pair of solutions of the classical equations of motion, with non-standard temporal boundary conditions.

Francois Gelis; Raju Venugopalan

2006-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

457

NRRI NowSpring/Summer 2008 GrowingStrongIndustries~DevelopingNewIdeas~NurturingNaturalResources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,500 mattresses a month to Duluth Goodwill Industries (and growing!) 360 pounds per cubic yard ­ compaction rateNRRI NowSpring/Summer 2008 GrowingStrongIndustries~DevelopingNewIdeas~NurturingNaturalResources 2 The afterlife of mattresses Birds in the riparian zone Pellet industry heats up Watchdogs for change Biology

Netoff, Theoden

458

A Strong Atlantic Meridional Mode Event in 2009: The Role of Mixed Layer Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the first half of 2009, anomalous cooling of sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the equatorial North Atlantic (ENA; 2°–12°N) triggered a strong Atlantic meridional mode event. During its peak in April–May, SSTs in the ENA were 1°C colder than ...

Gregory R. Foltz; Michael J. McPhaden; Rick Lumpkin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Comparative Evaluation of Eddy Exchange Coefficients for Strong and Weak Wind Stable Boundary Layer Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Five local K-closure formulations and a TKE closure were incorporated in a one-dimensional version of the Pielke’s model, and a comparative evaluation of the closure schemes was made for strong and weak wind stable boundary layer (SBL). The ...

Maithili Sharan; S. G. Gopalakrishnan

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Simple Adjoint Methods for Single-Doppler Wind Analysis with a Strong Constraint of Mass Conservation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three schemes are developed to incorporate a strong constraint of (incompressible) mass conservation into the basic scheme (scheme B) of the simple adjoint method of Qiu and Xu for retrieving the time-mean wind field from a sequence of single-...

Qin Xu; Chong-Jian Qiu

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income strongly influence" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Air Conditioning Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" 6 Air Conditioning Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Air Conditioning Characteristics" "Total",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Do Not Have Cooling Equipment",17.8,5.3,4.7,2.8,1.9,3.1,3.6,7.5 "Have Cooling Equipment",93.3,21.5,24.1,17.8,11.2,18.8,13,31.1 "Use Cooling Equipment",91.4,21,23.5,17.4,11,18.6,12.6,30.3 "Have Equipment But Do Not Use it",1.9,0.5,0.6,0.4,"Q","Q",0.5,0.8

462

Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra low energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project. Affordable housing development authorities throughout the United States continually struggle to find the most cost-effective pathway to provide quality, durable, and sustainable housing. The challenge for these authorities is to achieve the mission of delivering affordable housing at the lowest cost per square foot in environments that may be rural, urban, suburban, or within a designated redevelopment district. With the challenges the U.S. faces regarding energy, the environmental impacts of consumer use of fossil fuels and the increased focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, housing authorities are pursuing the goal of constructing affordable, energy efficient and sustainable housing at the lowest life-cycle cost of ownership. This report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra-low-energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project. In addition to describing the results of the performance monitoring from the pilot project, this paper describes the recommended design process of (1) setting performance goals for energy efficiency and renewable energy on a life-cycle cost basis, (2) using an integrated, whole building design approach, and (3) incorporating systems-built housing, a green jobs training program, and renewable energy technologies into a replicable high performance, low-income housing project development model.

Dean, J.; VanGeet, O.; Simkus, S.; Eastment, M.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Three-dimensional electromagnetic strong turbulence. I. Scalings, spectra, and field statistics  

SciTech Connect

The first fully three-dimensional (3D) simulations of large-scale electromagnetic strong turbulence (EMST) are performed by numerically solving the electromagnetic Zakharov equations for electron thermal speeds {nu}{sub e} with {nu}{sub e}/c{>=}0.025. The results of these simulations are presented, focusing on scaling behavior, energy density spectra, and field statistics of the Langmuir (longitudinal) and transverse components of the electric fields during steady-state strong turbulence, where multiple wave packets collapse simultaneously and the system is approximately statistically steady in time. It is shown that for {nu}{sub e}/c > or approx. 0.17 strong turbulence is approximately electrostatic and can be explained using the electrostatic two-component model. For v{sub e}/c > or approx. 0.17 the power-law behaviors of the scalings, spectra, and field statistics differ from the electrostatic predictions and results because {nu}{sub e}/c is sufficiently high to allow transverse modes to become trapped in density wells. The results are compared with those of past 3D electrostatic strong turbulence (ESST) simulations and 2D EMST simulations. For number density perturbations, the scaling behavior, spectra, and field statistics are shown to be only weakly dependent on {nu}{sub e}/c, whereas the Langmuir and transverse scalings, spectra, and field statistics are shown to be strongly dependent on {nu}{sub e}/c. Three-dimensional EMST is shown to have features in common with 2D EMST, such as a two-component structure and trapping of transverse modes which are dependent on {nu}{sub e}/c.

Graham, D. B.; Robinson, P. A.; Cairns, Iver H. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006 (Australia); Skjaeraasen, O. [ProsTek, Institute for Energy Technology, P.O. Box 40, N-2027 Kjeller (Norway)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

464

Optimization of the LCLS X-ray FEL output performance in the presence of strong undulator wakefields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of the LCLS X-ray FEL output performance in the presence of strong undulator wakefields

Reiche, S; Emma, P; Fawley, W M; Huang, Z; Nuhn, H D; Stupakov, G V

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

How Coordination Process Influence CIM Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bass. Scheer, A.W. (1991). CIM: Towards the Factory of theprocesses influence CIM development. In P. Brodner & W.How Coordination Process Influence CIM Development Rob Kling

Kling, Rob

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

US ITER is a strong contributor in plan to enhance international sharing of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

US ITER is a strong contributor in plan to enhance international sharing of US ITER is a strong contributor in plan to enhance international sharing of prime ITER real estate By Lynne Degitz, US ITER March 28, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One PPPL's Russell Feder, left, and David Johnson developed key features for a modular approach to housing the extensive diagnostic systems that will be installed on the ITER tokamak. (Photo by Elle Starkman/PPPL Office of Communications) PPPL's Russell Feder, left, and David Johnson developed key features for a modular approach to housing the extensive diagnostic systems that will be installed on the ITER tokamak. Gallery: Diagram of an equatorial port plug shows the three vertical diagnostic shield modules with detachable first wall blocks. The modular approach has many advantages including efficient design collaboration, easier maintenance and the possibility for future upgrades to the ITER diagnostic systems.

467

Soluble Models of Strongly Interacting Ultracold Gas Mixtures in Tight Waveguides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Fermi-Bose mapping method is used to determine the exact ground states of several models of mixtures of strongly interacting ultracold gases in tight waveguides, which are generalizations of the Tonks-Girardeau (TG) gas (1D Bose gas with point hard cores) and fermionic Tonks-Girardeau (FTG) gas (1D spin-aligned Fermi gas with infinitely strong zero-range attractions). We detail the case of a Bose-Fermi mixture with TG boson-boson (BB) and boson-fermion (BF) interactions. Exact results are given for density profiles in a harmonic trap, single-particle density matrices, momentum distibutions, and density-density correlations. Since the ground state is highly degenerate, we analyze the splitting of the ground manifold for large but finite BB and BF repulsions.

Girardeau, M. D. [College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Minguzzi, A. [Laboratoire de Physique et Modelisation des Mileux Condenses, C.N.R.S., B.P. 166, 38042 Grenoble (France)

2007-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

468

Radial sensitivity of kaonic atoms and strongly bound $\\bar K$ states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The strength of the low energy K^- nucleus real potential has recently received renewed attention in view of experimental evidence for the possible existence of strongly bound K^- states. Previous fits to kaonic atom data led to either 'shallow' or to 'deep' potentials, where only the former are in agreement with chiral approaches but only the latter can produce strongly bound states. Here we explore the uncertainties of the K^- nucleus optical potentials, obtained from fits to kaonic atom data, using the functional derivatives of the best-fit chi^2 values with respect to the potential. We find that only the deep type of potential provides information which is applicable to the K^- interaction in the nuclear interior.

N. Barnea; E. Friedman

2006-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

469

Radial sensitivity of kaonic atoms and strongly bound $\\bar K$ states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The strength of the low energy K^- nucleus real potential has recently received renewed attention in view of experimental evidence for the possible existence of strongly bound K^- states. Previous fits to kaonic atom data led to either 'shallow' or to 'deep' potentials, where only the former are in agreement with chiral approaches but only the latter can produce strongly bound states. Here we explore the uncertainties of the K^- nucleus optical potentials, obtained from fits to kaonic atom data, using the functional derivatives of the best-fit chi^2 values with respect to the potential. We find that only the deep type of potential provides information which is applicable to the K^- interaction in the nuclear interior.

Barnea, N

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Argonne CNM News: CNM Displays Strong Presence at Argonne's Energy Showcase  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CNM Displays Strong Presence at Argonne's Energy Showcase CNM Displays Strong Presence at Argonne's Energy Showcase Visitors at Argonne's 2012 Energy Showcase Volker Rose Argonne opened its gates to about 12,000 members of the community on Saturday, September 15, 2012. The Center for Nanoscale Materials was enthusiastically represented by nearly 25 staff volunteers during the Energy Showcase. The CNM exhibits covered solar energy, computational nanoscience, nanostructured carbons for nanoelectronics, visualization at the nanoscale, nanobio materials for energy applications, and general outreach in nanoscience and nanotechnology. The demonstrations of how solar energy can be used to power devices at the "Solar Energy: Today and Tomorrow" booth inspired people to consider how to incorporate solar power in their own lives now and in the future. On the

471

Comparison between theory and experiment for universal thermodynamics of a homogeneous, strongly correlated Fermi gas  

SciTech Connect

We compare the theoretical predictions for universal thermodynamics of a homogeneous, strongly correlated Fermi gas with the latest experimental measurements reported by the ENS group [S. Nascimbene et al., Nature (London) 463, 1057 (2010)] and the Tokyo group [M. Horikoshi et al., Science 327, 442 (2010)]. The theoretical results are obtained using two diagrammatic theories, together with a virial expansion theory combined with a Pade approximation. We find good agreement between theory and experiment. In particular, the virial expansion, using a Pade approximation up to third order, describes the experimental results extremely well down to the superfluid transition temperature, T{sub c{approx}}0.16T{sub F}, where T{sub F} is the Fermi temperature. The comparison in this work complements our previous comparative study on the universal thermodynamics of a strongly correlated but trapped Fermi gas. The comparison also raises interesting issues about the unitary entropy and the applicability of the Pade approximation.

Hu Hui; Liu Xiaji; Drummond, Peter D. [ARC Centre of Excellence for Quantum-Atom Optics, Centre for Atom Optics and Ultrafast Spectroscopy, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne 3122, Victoria (Australia)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

Strong orientational effect of stretched aerogel on the 3He order parameter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deformation of aerogel strongly modifies the orientation of the order parameter of superfluid 3He confined in aerogel. We used a radial squeezing of aerogel to keep the orbital angular momentum of the 3He Cooper pairs in the plane perpendicular to the magnetic field. We did not find strong evidence for a "polar" phase, with a nodal line along the equator of the Fermi surface, predicted to occur at large radial squeezing. Instead we observed 3He-A with a clear experimental evidence of the destruction of the long-range order by random anisotropy -- the Larkin-Imry-Ma effect. In 3He-B we observed and identified new modes of NMR, which are impossible to obtain in bulk 3He-B. One of these modes is characterized by a repulsive interaction between magnons, which is suitable for the magnon Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC).

J. Elbs; Yu. M. Bunkov; E. Collin; H. Godfrin; G. E. Volovik

2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

473

The structural role of weak and strong links in a financial market network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of correlation based networks originating from economic complex systems, such as the network of stocks traded at the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). The weaker links (low correlation) of the system are found to contribute to the overall connectivity of the network significantly more than the strong links (high correlation). We find that nodes connected through strong links form well defined communities. These communities are clustered together in more complex ways compared to the widely used classification according to the economic activity. We find that some companies, such as General Electric (GE), Coca Cola (KO), and others, can be involved in different communities. The communities are found to be quite stable over time. Similar results were obtained by investigating markets completely different in size and properties, such as the Athens Stock Exchange (ASE). The present method may be also useful for other networks generated through correlations.

Garas, Antonios; Havlin, Shlomo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Kelvin-Helmholtz instability in a strongly coupled dusty plasma medium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) instability in the context of strongly coupled dusty plasma medium has been investigated. In particular, the role of transverse shear and the compressional acoustic modes in both the linear and nonlinear regimes of the KH instability has been studied. It is observed that in addition to the conventional nonlocal KH instability, there exists a local instability in the strong coupling case. The interplay of the KH mode with this local instability shows up in the simulations as an interesting phenomenon of recurrence in the nonlinear regime. Thus, a cyclic KH instability process is observed to occur. These cyclic events are associated with bursts of activity in terms of transverse and compressional wave generation in the medium.

Tiwari, Sanat Kumar; Das, Amita; Patel, Bhavesh G. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382 428 (India); Angom, Dilip [Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad 380 009 (India); Kaw, Predhiman [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382 428 (India); Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad 380 009 (India)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Binary Bose-Einstein Condensate Mixtures in Weakly and Strongly Segregated Phases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform a mean-field study of the binary Bose-Einstein Condensate mixtures as the function of the mutual repulsive interaction strength. In the phase segregated regime, we find that there are two distinct phases: the weakly segregated phase characterized by a ‘penetration depth ’ and the strongly segregated phase by a healing length. In the weakly segregated phase the symmetry of the shape of each condensate will not take that of the trap because of the finite surface tension, but their total density profile still does. In the strongly segregated phase even the total density profile takes a different symmetry from that of the trap because of the mutual exclusion of the condensates. The lower critical condensate atom number to observe the complete phase segregation is discussed. A comparison to recent experimental data suggests that the weakly segregated phase has been observed. PACS#: 03.75.Fi 1

P. Ao; S. T. Chui

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Phase structure of 2-dimensional topological insulators by lattice strong coupling expansion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phase structure of 2-dimensional topological insulators under a sufficiently strong electron-electron interaction is investigated. The effective theory is constructed by extending the idea of the Kane-Mele model on the graphenelike honeycomb lattice, in terms of U(1) lattice gauge theory (quantum electrodynamics, QED). We analyze the phase structure by the techniques of strong coupling expansion of lattice gauge theory. As a result, we find that the topological phase structure of the system is modified by the electron-electron interaction. There evolves a new phase with the antiferromagnetism not parallel to the direction pointed by the spin-orbit coupling, in between the conventional and the topological insulator phases. We also discuss the physical implication of the new phase structure found here, in analogy to the parity-broken phase in lattice quantum chromodynamics (QCD), known as "Aoki phase".

Yasufumi Araki; Taro Kimura

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

477

Strong Equivalence, Lorentz and CPT Violation, Anti-Hydrogen Spectroscopy and Gamma-Ray Burst Polarimetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The strong equivalence principle, local Lorentz invariance and CPT symmetry are fundamental ingredients of the quantum field theories used to describe elementary particle physics. Nevertheless, each may be violated by simple modifications to the dynamics while apparently preserving the essential fundamental structure of quantum field theory itself. In this paper, we analyse the construction of strong equivalence, Lorentz and CPT violating Lagrangians for QED and review and propose some experimental tests in the fields of astrophysical polarimetry and precision atomic spectroscopy. In particular, modifications of the Maxwell action predict a birefringent rotation of the direction of linearly polarised radiation from synchrotron emission which may be studied using radio galaxies or, potentially, gamma-ray bursts. In the Dirac sector, changes in atomic energy levels are predicted which may be probed in precision spectroscopy of hydrogen and anti-hydrogen atoms, notably in the Doppler-free, two-photon $1s-2s$ and $2s-nd (n \\sim 10)$ transitions.

Graham M. Shore

2004-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

478

Test of weak and strong factorization in nucleus-nucleuscollisions atseveral hundred MeV/nucleon  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Total and partial charge-changing cross sections have been measured for argon projectiles at 400 MeV/nucleon in carbon, aluminum, copper, tin and lead targets; cross sections for hydrogen were also obtained, using a polyethylene target. The validity of weak and strong factorization properties has been investigated for partial charge-changing cross sections; preliminary cross section values obtained for carbon, neon and silicon at 290 and 400 MeV/nucleon and iron at 400 MeV/nucleon, in carbon, aluminum, copper, tin and lead targets have been also used for testing these properties. Two different analysis methods were applied and both indicated that these properties are valid, without any significant difference between weak and strong factorization. The factorization parameters have then been calculated and analyzed in order to find some systematic behavior useful for modeling purposes.

La Tessa, Chiara; Sihver, Lembit; Zeitlin, Cary; Miller, Jack; Guetersloh, Stephen; Heilbronn, Lawrence; Mancusi, Davide; Iwata,Yoshiuki; Murakami, Takeshi

2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

479

Dynamic properties of one-component strongly coupled plasmas: The sum-rule approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamic characteristics of strongly coupled one-component plasmas are studied within the moment approach. Our results on the dynamic structure factor and the dynamic local-field correction satisfy the sum rules and other exact relations automatically. A quantitative agreement is obtained with numerous simulation data on the plasma dynamic properties, including the dispersion and decay of collective modes. Our approach allows us to correct and complement the results previously found with other treatments.

Arkhipov, Yu. V.; Askaruly, A.; Davletov, A. E. [Department of Optics and Plasma Physics, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Tole Bi 96, Almaty 050012 (Kazakhstan); Ballester, D. [School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen's University, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom); Tkachenko, I. M. [Instituto de Matematica Pura y Aplicada, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain); Zwicknagel, G. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik II, Erlangen-Nuernberg Universitaet, Staudtstr. 7, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

480

Strong Convergence of Composite Iterative Schemes for Zeros of m-Accretive Operators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spaces L.-C. Ceng a , A. R. Khan b , Q. H. Ansari c , J.-C. Yao d aDepartment of Mathematics, Shanghai@hotmail.com (L.-C. Ceng), Email: arahim@kfupm.edu.sa (A. R. Khan), Email: qhansari@kfupm.edu.sa (Q. H. Ansari strongly to a zero of A. The results presented in this paper substantially improve and extend the results

Khan, Abdul Rahim

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481

Measuring the phase between strong and EM J/Psi decay amplitudes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A c.m. energy scan below the J/Psi peak foreseen in the next future at BESIII can probe the existence in all the exclusive possible final states of an interference pattern between the resonant e+e- => J/Psi => hadrons and non-resonant e+e+ => hadrons amplitudes. The relative phase of the strong J/Psi decay amplitude with respect to the electromagnetic one can hence be accessed for the first time in a model independent way.

M. Maggiora; for the BESIII Collaboration

2011-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

482

Measuring the phase between strong and EM J/Psi decay amplitudes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A c.m. energy scan below the J/Psi peak foreseen in the next future at BESIII can probe the existence in all the exclusive possible final states of an interference pattern between the resonant e+e- => J/Psi => hadrons and non-resonant e+e+ => hadrons amplitudes. The relative phase of the strong J/Psi decay amplitude with respect to the electromagnetic one can hence be accessed for the first time in a model independent way.

Maggiora, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Thermal conduction and particle transport in strong MHD turbulence, with application to galaxy-cluster plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate field-line separation in strong MHD turbulence analytically and with direct numerical simulations. We find that in the static-magnetic-field approximation the thermal conductivity in galaxy clusters is reduced by a factor of about 5-10 relative to the Spitzer thermal conductivity of a non-magnetized plasma. We also estimate how the thermal conductivity would be affected by efficient turbulent resistivity.

Benjamin D. G. Chandran; Jason L. Maron

2003-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

484

Transport in quenched disorder: light diffusion in strongly heterogeneous turbid media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a theoretical and experimental study of light transport in disordered media with strongly heterogeneous distribution of scatterers formed via non-scattering regions. Step correlations induced by quenched disorder are found to prevent diffusivity from diverging with increasing heterogeneity scale, contrary to expectations from annealed models. Spectral diffusivity is measured for a porous ceramic where nanopores act as scatterers and macropores render their distribution heterogeneous. Results agree well with Monte Carlo simulations and a proposed analytical model.

Svensson, Tomas; Adolfsson, Erik; Farina, Andrea; Pifferi, Antonio; Wiersma, Diederik S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Precision timing of PSR J1012+5307 and strong-field GR tests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the high precision timing analysis of the pulsar-white dwarf binary PSR J1012+5307. Using 15 years of multi-telescope data from the European Pulsar Timing Array (EPTA) network, a significant measurement of the variation of the orbital period is obtained. Using this ideal strong-field gravity laboratory we derive theory independent limits for both the dipole radiation and the variation of the gravitational constant.

Lazaridis, Kosmas; Jessner, Axel; Kramer, Michael; Zensus, J Anton; Stappers, Ben W; Janssen, Gemma H; Purver, Mark B; Lyne, Andrew G; Jordan, Christine A; Desvignes, Gregory; Cognard, Ismael; Theureau, Gilles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Precision timing of PSR J1012+5307 and strong-field GR tests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the high precision timing analysis of the pulsar-white dwarf binary PSR J1012+5307. Using 15 years of multi-telescope data from the European Pulsar Timing Array (EPTA) network, a significant measurement of the variation of the orbital period is obtained. Using this ideal strong-field gravity laboratory we derive theory independent limits for both the dipole radiation and the variation of the gravitational constant.

Kosmas Lazaridis; Norbert Wex; Axel Jessner; Michael Kramer; J. Anton Zensus; Ben W. Stappers; Gemma H. Janssen; Mark B. Purver; Andrew G. Lyne; Christine A. Jordan; Gregory Desvignes; Ismael Cognard; Gilles Theureau

2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

487

Energy loss and thermalization of heavy quarks in a strongly-coupled plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the AdS/CFT correspondence, we compute the medium-induced energy loss of a decelerating heavy quark moving through a strongly-coupled supersymmetric Yang Mills plasma. In the regime where the deceleration is small, a perturbative calculation is possible and we obtain the first two corrections to the energy-loss rate of a heavy quark with constant velocity. The thermalization of the heavy quark is also discussed.

Marquet, C; Xiao, B -W

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Strong variations of cosmic ray intensity during thunderstorms and associated pulsations of the geomagnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strong variations of the intensity of secondary cosmic rays during thunderstorms are found to be accompanied in some cases by very clear pulsations of the geomagnetic field. The experiment is carried out in the Baksan Valley, North Caucasus, the Carpet air shower array being used as a particle detector. Magnetic field measurements are made with high-precision magnetometers located deep underground in the tunnel of the Baksan Neutrino Observatory, several kilometers apart from the air shower array.

Kanonidi, K Kh; Lidvansky, A S; Sobisevich, L E

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Longitudinal singular response of dusty plasma medium in weak and strong coupling limits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The longitudinal response of a dusty plasma medium in both weak and strong coupling limits has been investigated in detail using analytic as well as numerical techniques. In particular, studies on singular response of the medium have been specifically investigated here. A proper Galilean invariant form of the generalized hydrodynamic fluid model has been adopted for the description of the dusty plasma medium. For weak non-linear response, analytic reductive perturbative approach has been adopted. It is well known that in the weak coupling regime for the dusty plasma medium, such an analysis leads to the Korteweg-de Vries equation (KdV) equation and predicts the existence of localized smooth soliton solutions. We show that the strongly coupled dust fluid with the correct Galilean invariant form does not follow the KdV paradigm. Instead, it reduces to the form of Hunter-Saxton equation, which does not permit soliton solutions. The system in this case displays singular response with both conservative as well as dissipative attributes. At arbitrary high amplitudes, the existence and spontaneous formation of sharply peaked cusp structures in both weak and strong coupling regimes has been demonstrated numerically.

Kumar Tiwari, Sanat; Das, Amita; Kaw, Predhiman; Sen, Abhijit [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar - 382428 (India)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Microscopic Description of Entanglements in Polyethylene Networks and Melts: Strong, Weak, Pairwise, and Collective Attributes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present atomistic molecular dynamics simulations of two Polyethylene systems where all entanglements are trapped: a perfect network, and a melt with grafted chain ends. We examine microscopically at what level topological constraints can be considered as a collective entanglement effect, as in tube model theories, or as certain pairwise uncrossability interactions, as in slip-link models. A pairwise parameter, which varies between these limiting cases, shows that, for the systems studied, the character of the entanglement environment is more pairwise than collective. We employ a novel methodology, which analyzes entanglement constraints into a complete set of pairwise interactions, similar to slip links. Entanglement confinement is assembled by a plethora of links, with a spectrum of confinement strengths, from strong to weak. The strength of interactions is quantified through a link `persistence', which is the fraction of time for which the links are active. By weighting links according to their strength, we show that confinement is imposed mainly by the strong ones, and that the weak, trapped, uncrossability interactions cannot contribute to the low frequency modulus of an elastomer, or the plateau modulus of a melt. A self-consistent scheme for mapping topological constraints to specific, strong binary links, according to a given entanglement density, is proposed and validated. Our results demonstrate that slip links can be viewed as the strongest pairwise interactions of a collective entanglement environment. The methodology developed provides a basis for bridging the gap between atomistic simulations and mesoscopic slip link models.

Stefanos D. Anogiannakis; Christos Tzoumanekas; Doros N. Theodorou

2012-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

491

The SDSS Discovery of a Strongly Lensed Post-Starburst Galaxy at z=0.766  

SciTech Connect

We present the first result of a survey for strong galaxy-galaxy lenses in Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) images. SDSS J082728.70+223256.4 was selected as a lensing candidate using selection criteria based on the color and positions of objects in the SDSS photometric catalog. Follow-up imaging and spectroscopy showed this object to be a lensing system. The lensing galaxy is an elliptical at z = 0.349 in a galaxy cluster. The lensed galaxy has the spectrum of a post-starburst galaxy at z = 0.766. The lensing galaxy has an estimated mass of {approx} 1.2 x 10{sup 12} M{sub {circle_dot}} and the corresponding mass to light ratio in the B-band is {approx} 26 M{sub {circle_dot}}/L{sub {circle_dot}} inside 1.1 effective radii of the lensing ga