National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for income rural african

  1. A revolution in ICT, the last hope for African Rural Communities' technology appropriation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    A revolution in ICT, the last hope for African Rural Communities' technology appropriation Gereon on the challenge of designing products suited to rural practices and conceptualizations in Southern Africa. To create a framework compatible with rural customs of information transfer and supportive of rural

  2. Entrepreneurial Tech-Ed. : using technology to fuel income generation education in rural Ghana/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossman, Breanna Faye

    2014-01-01

    This thesis investigates how decentralization of development occurs through merging small-scale technology hubs into the rural West African fabric by integrating with the secondary school system. This model redefines the ...

  3. Predictors of Psychological Health among Rural-Residing African Americans 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Helene

    2012-10-19

    conducted by (Kogan et al. 2007) which looked at the correlates of elevated depressive symptoms in a sample of African American adults diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. Results from this investigation revealed that depression, which was measured by the CES-D...

  4. CommunityOrganizedHouseholdWaterIncreasesNot Only Rural incomes, but AlsoMen’sWork

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corw, Ben; Swallow, Brent; Asamba, Isabella

    2012-01-01

    Is there a role for rural communities? Rome, FAO. Blackden,priority for many rural communities. In Kericho district, inmulti- country study of community-managed rural water supply

  5. CommunityOrganizedHouseholdWaterIncreasesNot Only Rural incomes, but AlsoMen’sWork

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corw, Ben; Swallow, Brent; Asamba, Isabella

    2012-01-01

    average incomes in this group of seven springs. Kipsotet, as1. Characteristics of the seven spring groups Spring Group

  6. SAFARI LODGES AND RURAL INCOMES: SOME KEY SOUTHERN AFRICAN TRENDS Peter John Massyn 14 October 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . . . women captured a significantly lower proportion of the wage bill than other employees. But how much lower? Was this because of different roles and responsibilities filled by women . . .or were employment and opportunities for local businesses provides an innovative platform for the empowerment of poor

  7. An Energy Model for a Low Income Rural African Village | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, searchAmmonix Jump to:Amulairedo

  8. Case Study of Rural High School Math Teachers of African American Students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Marcus Gee

    2014-05-03

    despite decades of reform efforts (Darling- Hammond, 2010; Ladson-Billings, 2006). According to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), in 2011, African American students scored 31 points less than their European American counterparts... examination. Moreover, the 31-point gap is exacerbated by the fact teachers are not taught these culturally responsive strategies in teacher preparation programs (Bondy et al, 2007; Gay & Kirkland, 2003; Ladson- Billings, 1997). During this study, I...

  9. The prevalence of stunting, overweight and obesity, and metabolic disease risk in rural South African children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimani-Murage, Elizabeth W.; Kahn, Kathleen; Pettifor, John M.; Tollman, Stephen M.; Dunger, David B.; Gomez-Olive, Xavier F.; Norris, Shane A.

    2010-03-25

    in LMICs [1]. Given that the pace and nature of transitions vary across geo-cultural settings, local data and context is increasingly stressed. This is particularly so because such information is essential to local programming and policy. The aim... , at 64% [10]. There are high levels of unemployment: strict unemployment (excluding underemployment) is estimated at 29% for men and 46% for women [11]. Labour migration, mainly circular rural-urban migration, is widespread involving up to 60% of working...

  10. RuralNet (Digital Gangetic Plains): WiFi-Based Low-Cost Rural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raman, Bhaskaran

    RuralNet (Digital Gangetic Plains): WiFi-Based Low-Cost Rural Networking Bhaskaran Raman Department in the west This business model can thrive when average per capita income is high ($20K) Wireless systems being deployed in India are successful in Metro pockets, but providing cost effective voice and data

  11. Building Energy Efficiency in Rural China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Yu, Sha; Song, Bo; Deng, Qinqin; Liu, Jing; Delgado, Alison

    2014-04-01

    Rural buildings in China now account for more than half of China’s total building energy use. Forty percent of the floorspace in China is in rural villages and towns. Most of these buildings are very energy inefficient, and may struggle to meet basic needs. They are cold in the winter, and often experience indoor air pollution from fuel use. The Chinese government plans to adopt a voluntary building energy code, or design standard, for rural homes. The goal is to build on China’s success with codes in urban areas to improve efficiency and comfort in rural homes. The Chinese government recognizes rural buildings represent a major opportunity for improving national building energy efficiency. The challenges of rural China are also greater than those of urban areas in many ways because of the limited local capacity and low income levels. The Chinese government wants to expand on new programs to subsidize energy efficiency improvements in rural homes to build capacity for larger-scale improvement. This article summarizes the trends and status of rural building energy use in China. It then provides an overview of the new rural building design standard, and describes options and issues to move forward with implementation.

  12. Income Protection (IP) Insurance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stokes, Kenneth; Barnaby, G. A. Art; Waller, Mark L.; Outlaw, Joe

    1999-06-09

    Kenneth Stokes, G.A. ?Art? Barnaby, Mark Waller and Joe Outlaw* The Income Protection (IP) program insures the producer against lost income from reductions in yield or price. This policy pays when the harvested and appraised production to count, multiplied...

  13. Integrated rural energy planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mahgary, Y.; Biswas, A.K.

    1985-01-01

    This book presents papers on integrated community energy systems in developing countries. Topics considered include an integrated rural energy system in Sri Lanka, rural energy systems in Indonesia, integrated rural food-energy systems and technology diffusion in India, bringing energy to the rural sector in the Philippines, the development of a new energy village in China, the Niaga Wolof experimental rural energy center, designing a model rural energy system for Nigeria, the Basaisa village integrated field project, a rural energy project in Tanzania, rural energy development in Columbia, and guidelines for the planning, development and operation of integrated rural energy projects.

  14. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology Vol. 4(12), pp. 886-896, December 2010 Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/AJEST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obbard, Darren

    poaching, income sources, income determinants. INTRODUCTION The majority of rural communities al., 2005; Giliba et al., 2010). Economically, disadvantaged rural communities also depend by the local communities looking for ways to improve their livelihoods. The need to curb poaching of wildlife

  15. Rural Health Association

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana Rural Health Association Phone: 406-994-6004 Fax: 406-994-5653 E-mail: MRHA 170520 Bozeman, Montana 59717-0520 Montana Rural Health Association Membershipdesignation.Membershipisrenewedonan annualbasis.PleasemakecheckspayabletoMontanaRuralHealth

  16. WINDExchange: Rural Communities

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    Rural Communities Printable Version Bookmark and Share Wind for Homeowners, Farmers, & Businesses Resources & Tools Rural Communities Agricultural lands in the United States are...

  17. Farm Income Taxation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McEowen, Roger A.

    1999-06-23

    and claim deductions when payments are made. Conversely, taxpayers on the accrual method report income when it is earned and report expenses when incurred rather than when paid. The constructive receipt doctrine. Cash basis taxpayers must take income... or constructively received. In effect, insurance proceeds received as a result of crop destruction or damage are treated as a ?sale? of the crop. Weather-related sales of livestock. If a farmer sells livestock (other than poultry) held for draft, dairy or breeding...

  18. Rural Livelihoods and Income Enhancement in the "New" Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Partha

    to poverty, illiteracy, infrastructural inadequacies and the myriads of ills of those below the poverty line This paper brings an in-depth case study that illustrates the success of a program for poverty reduction

  19. IEEE Communications Magazine January 2007 111 THE INDIAN RURAL SCENARIO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iyer, Sridhar

    - tion. The rural per capita income is distinctly lower than the national average. Only 2.5 percent, going up to 1000 connections in a few years. Given the cost target, only a wireless technology, and highly cost-reduced, WiFi chipsets. We, however, retain only the PHY from these chipsets and propose

  20. Urban-bias and the Roots of Political Instability: The case for the strategic importance of the rural periphery in sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabinowitz, Beth Sharon

    2013-01-01

    Changing Rural-urban Linkages in Mali, Nigeria and Tanzania.the Nation and Democracy in Mali: A View from Modibo Keita'sand the Party System in Mali. The Journal of Modern African

  1. Bringing good things to life : New Markets Tax Credits and the opening of low-income communities to investment, including a case study of Pittsfield, Massachusetts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGrath, Daniel J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    The New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) Program is designed to promote investment and economic growth in urban and rural low-income communities across the country. Created in 2000 as one of the last acts of the Clinton Administration, ...

  2. BENTON PUD LOW INCOME CONSERVATION PROGRAM

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    result in a preference being given to households with incomes below 125% of Federal Poverty Guidelines (FPG) Upper low income households with incomes between 125 and 200%...

  3. Microgrids for Rural Electrification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Microgrids for Rural Electrification: A critical review of best practices based on seven case studies Carnegie Mellon University University of California, Berkeley #12;B Microgrids for Rural Electrification Microgrids for Rural Electrification: A critical review of best practices based on seven case

  4. AFRICAN AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGY Sample Syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopfinger, Joseph B.

    AFRICAN AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGY PSYC 503 Sample Syllabus Course Description and Overview: This course examines the psychology of the African American experience. We begin the course with an overview of Black/African American psychology as an evolving field of study and consider the Black/African American Psychology

  5. Detailed Income Statement Descriptions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent BondingMeeting |Design CompetitionsFuelof 12 Detailed Income

  6. Californians' Beliefs About Income Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahler, Douglas J; Kelly, Beckett; Lenz, Gabriel; Rarick, Ethan; Stoker, Laura

    2015-01-01

    and potential remedies for inequality. On some issues,California’s Rising Income Inequality: Causes and Concerns,Bruce. Debate over Inequality Highlights Sharp Partisan

  7. Toward the African Cinema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minot, Gilbert

    1983-01-01

    TOWARD THE AFRICAN CINEMA* By Gilbert Minot Guinea gainedAfrica to devise a national cinema policy. So we created, ascontact with the different cinemas in Africa. For in-

  8. WPN 13-3: 2013 Poverty Income Guidelines and Definition of Income

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To provide states with the 2013 Poverty Income Guidelines and Definition of Income for use in the low-income Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP).

  9. Nutritional status and HIV in rural South African children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimani-Murage, Elizabeth W.; Norris, Shane A.; Pettifor, John M.; Tollman, Stephen M.; Klipstein-Grobusch, Kerstin; Gomez-Olive, Xavier F.; Dunger, David B.; Kahn, Kathleen

    2011-03-25

    and television; transport assets such as bicycle and car; communication assets such as cellphone; and livestock such as cattle. A summated absolute score for the wealth indicator was constructed. To begin, each asset variable was coded with the same valence (i... assets’, ‘livestock assets’, ‘power supply’, ‘water and sanitation’ and ‘dwelling structure’. For each household within each asset group, the rescaled asset values were summed and then rescaled again to yield a group-specific value in the range (0, 1...

  10. Precedents in African American architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sass, Lawrence

    1994-01-01

    As a sub-sets of American culture, African Americans have not been able to offer culturally specific architectural elements to the design process because the history of African American form and space has not been recognized ...

  11. Low-Income Weatherization: The Human Dimension

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation focuses on how the human dimension saves energy within low-income weatherization programs.

  12. Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimring, Mark

    2012-01-01

    income range, households can become passive very quickly. ”income range, households can become passive very quickly. ”

  13. Rural Viability Index: A Tool for Assessing Rural Communities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bearden, Christi; Cruz, Nelda; Heinsohn, Heidi; Kuzaro, Jami; Norton, Keller; Richardson, Willis; Wood, Meghan

    2004-01-01

    and challenges that face rural communities. For example, limited financial and governmental resources, affordability, and accessibility of goods and services restrict a rural community?s viability. In a 2003 editorial for the Rural Policy Research... Community Affairs Obstetrician/Nurse Midwife A study by the University of Washington (Nesbitt 1997) finds a correlation between an increase in infant mortality rates and rural areas that is attributed to a lack of access to prenatal care. Infant...

  14. Alaska Rural Small Business Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the Alaska Village Initiatives, the Alaska Rural Small Business Conference is a three-day conference to bring together rural businesses and leaders and provide them with networking opportunities, training, and technical information.

  15. The college: Arts & sciences African & African-American Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portman, Douglas

    developments. Biographies of leading musicians and the social conditions in which the music developed are also examined. Finally its enormous impact on American culture both directly and through its descendent rock for the Description. Department: African & African-American Studies Course: AAS 205 Title: Debates and Theories

  16. Best Practices for Rural Traffic Safety Georgia's Experience in Increasing Rural Safety Belt Use Rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Best Practices for Rural Traffic Safety Georgia's Experience in Increasing Rural Safety Belt Use Enforcement Efforts ­ Checkpoints ­ Messages regarding Seat Belts ­ Messages regarding Rural SB Use

  17. Low-Income Californians Bear Unequal Burden of Asthma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babey, Susan H.; Hastert, Theresa A.; Meng, Ying-Ying; Brown, E. Richard

    2007-01-01

    Research Brief February 2007 Low-Income Californians Bearbelow the poverty level. 1 Low-income adults and childrenasthma exacerbations. Low-Income Families Disproportionately

  18. The IGS Survey: Californians' Beliefs about Income Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahler, Douglas J; Kelly, Beckett; Lenz, Gabriel; Rarick, Ethan; Stoker, Laura

    2015-01-01

    August 2015 Californians’ Beliefs about Income InequalityMobility and Income Inequality in California. San Francisco:California’s Rising Income Inequality: Causes and Concerns,

  19. José Montenegro: Farm Operations Director, Rural Development Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Ellen

    2010-01-01

    from farming communities, rural communities throughoutinstitutions and rural communities. It seemed that there wasstakeholders—rural communities and government institutions—

  20. Geography, Income, and Voters Explanations and Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelman, Andrew

    1/54 Geography, Income, and Voters Explanations and Implications Election 2008: What Really State, Blue State, Rich State, Poor State #12;2/54 Geography, Income, and Voters Explanations, Poor State #12;3/54 Geography, Income, and Voters Explanations and Implications Election 2008: What

  1. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. )

    1989-09-01

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  2. Malignant melanoma in African-Americans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kabigting, Filamer D; Nelson, Fern P; Kauffman, C Lisa; Popoveniuc, Geanina; Dasanu, Constantin A; Alexandrescu, Doru T

    2009-01-01

    alterations involved in oncogenesis vary by anatomic siteand Asian patients. The oncogenesis of melanoma in African-

  3. LGBT African-American Individuals and African-American Same-Sex Couples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gates, Gary J.; Kastanis, Angel

    2013-01-01

    of African-American same-sex couples are raising children.African-American same-sex couples raising children reportAfrican- American different-sex couples ($47,300 vs. $

  4. An economic analysis of the income of rural families in the low income farm area of Northeast Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Richard Hill

    1958-01-01

    " -. 39 V: . 22~9 . . $2~Q: IvO. Q . 56 l. '' 2Qe9 . ', ' 19oQ . '. : Xtl+9 - ' - k$al '1QQeQ 9~7: . : ?:-:&+1, -: . @ 3. . . . ' Q' Q 1~% Q 62 1Q+Q. '- -'. , g'~$ -", '1(@+Q. 95~5 ';- ';':, RzjQ:;" 39ig::". '", ?$';. 1QQ~Q::$7:~";:":: ', , 'I ''2 6...'Qoc~~s' to iL?n klux'$1 D8-'?eiQQT??alt Pz'+, , e~ '~? 2g'ZkpQ ~+~~@~: ~+ion& 99? f&QM8e;k~, ~~~+/?, 1~. '&7+ . , 80958@?' Geke? INES -Ai'L&ate@&m 9~Vg ~A ~3r~~~a yf' ~tz iQ&w~~vm' 'q'~g &~q x'ig@1t~g . '-'ypng%n~~ 8'49tio?? 40118ge tgtegioo? . '~@Me...

  5. Three: Should California Adopt an Earned Income Tax Credit?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stark, Kirk J

    2006-01-01

    program designed to maximize the earned income of persons inIncome after Subsidy An alternative approach designed to maximize

  6. Rural Energy Conference Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dennis Witmer; Shannon Watson

    2008-12-31

    Alaska remains, even at the beginning of the 21st century, a place with many widely scattered, small, remote communities, well beyond the end of both the road system and the power grid. These communities have the highest energy costs of any place in the United States, despite the best efforts of the utilities that service them. This is due to the widespread dependence on diesel electric generators, which require small capital investments, but recent increases in crude oil prices have resulted in dramatic increases in the cost of power. In the enabling legislation for the Arctic Energy Office in 2001, specific inclusion was made for the study of ways of reducing the cost of electrical power in these remote communities. As part of this mandate, the University of Alaska has, in conjunction with the US Department of Energy, the Denali Commission and the Alaska Energy Authority, organized a series of rural energy conferences, held approximately every 18 months. The goal of these meeting was to bring together rural utility operators, rural community leaders, government agency representatives, equipment suppliers, and researchers from universities and national laboratories to discuss the current state of the art in rural power generation, to discuss current projects, including successes as well as near successes. Many of the conference presenters were from industry and not accustomed to writing technical papers, so the typical method of organizing a conference by requesting abstracts and publishing proceedings was not considered viable. Instead, the organizing committee solicited presentations from appropriate individuals, and requested that (if they were comfortable with computers) prepare Power point presentations that were collected and posted on the web. This has become a repository of many presentations, and may be the best single source of information about current projects in the state of Alaska.

  7. Current trends in income statements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cass, Edwin Childers

    1948-01-01

    years 2 000 000 sy&i~9 Earnings of' prior years transferred to capital stock account. ' 99 dr 124, 4452088 Accumulated. earnings invested in plant facilitlss and added to zorking oaptta1 at ead od' year . ~189 4'14 919 An example of' the second...~the ?clams surplus theory, ?2 . ?& the ?all-inclusive income statement", , = or ths. "historical approach" ~ . And those who favor tbs second belief' are said to accept ths ?eiarning* power approach", oz the "current opera- ?, 5 ting perf'ozmance concept...

  8. Incomes of Migratory Agricultural Workers. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sargent, Frederic O.; Metzler, William H.

    1960-01-01

    the fact that half of them, mainly women and childre-n, were out of the labor market complete- ly at the home base. During 1956, the average earnings per worker were $781, but male heads of households averaged earnings per family... varied closely with the size of the family work force and averaged $2,208. Less than one-fourth of this was earned at the home base; hence, migratory labor was a major source of their income. In the 446 households surveyed, there was a total of 1...

  9. The value of bushmeat and other wild foods to rural households living in extreme poverty in Democratic Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    The value of bushmeat and other wild foods to rural households living in extreme poverty between poverty and the use of wild foods, namely bushmeat, fish and wild plants, within a Congolese poverty (income below US$1 per capita per day). Our analyses indicate that wild foods play a small role

  10. WINDExchange: Agricultural and Rural Resources and Tools

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    Rural Communities Printable Version Bookmark and Share Wind for Homeowners, Farmers, & Businesses Resources & Tools Agricultural and Rural Resources and Tools This page lists...

  11. The scaling of income inequality in cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Somwrita; Simpson, Roderick; Wasnik, Sachin

    2015-01-01

    Developing a scientific understanding of cities in a fast urbanizing world is essential for planning sustainable urban systems. Recently, it was shown that income and wealth creation follow increasing returns, scaling superlinearly with city size. We study scaling of per capita incomes for separate census defined income categories against population size for the whole of Australia. Across several urban area definitions, we find that lowest incomes grow just linearly or sublinearly ($\\beta = 0.94$ to $1.00$), whereas highest incomes grow superlinearly ($\\beta = 1.00$ to $1.21$), with total income just superlinear ($\\beta = 1.03$ to $1.05$). These findings support the earlier finding: the bigger the city, the richer the city. But, we also see an emergent metric of inequality: the larger the population size and densities of a city, higher incomes grow more quickly than lower, suggesting a disproportionate agglomeration of incomes in the highest income categories in big cities. Because there are many more people ...

  12. WPN 12-8: 2012 Poverty Income Guidelines and Definition of Income

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    To provide Grantees with the 2012 Poverty Income Guidelines and Definition of Income for use in the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP).

  13. Migration and Income Diversification Evidence from Burkina Faso

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wouterse, Fleur; Taylor, J. Edward

    2006-01-01

    rural households in Southern Mali. Food Policy, 26, 437-452.and CroleRees for rural Mali (Abdulai & CroleRees, 2001).non-farm activities for rural Mali (2001). No significant

  14. Heart Healthy Home Cooking African American Style

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Jun

    Heart Healthy Home Cooking African American Style With Every Heartbeat Is Life #12;#12;Heart Recipe Substitutions for Heart Healthy Cooking at the heart of African American family life and special celebrations. This recipe book brings together many

  15. Adversarial Diplomacy and African American Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams II, Ronald Cartell

    2011-01-01

    The Work of Amilcar Cabral. ” The Journal of Modern AfricanPolitical Thought of Amilcar Cabral,” The Journal of ModernThe Work of Amilcar Cabral,” The Journal of Modern African

  16. Fixed Income Division Nomura International plc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macrina, Andrea

    Fixed Income Division © Nomura International plc Symmetry methods for quadratic Gaussian models International plc Outline Motivation The quadratic Gaussian distribution The quadratic Gaussian process The quadratic Gaussian model #12;Fixed Income Division 3© Nomura International plc Part 1 Motivation #12;Fixed

  17. INCOME INEQUALITY IN FORMER CENTRALLY PLANNED ECONOMIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    transforms into a successful market economy, increased income inequalities may be desirable' (Doyle, 1996, p and the opportunities for non-agricultural income from the market liberalisation process would seem to be important adjustment to market in transition economies. As Doyle (1996) has stated for example: `to ensure that Russia

  18. Linking Economic Complexity, Institutions and Income Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, D; Jara-Figueroa, C; Aristarán, M; Hidalgo, C A

    2015-01-01

    The mix of products that a country exports predicts that country's subsequent pattern of diversification and economic growth. But does this product mix also predict income inequality? Here we combine methods from econometrics, network science, and economic complexity to show that countries that export complex products - products that are exported by a few diversified countries - have lower levels of income inequality - at comparable levels of GDP per capita and education - than countries exporting simpler products. Using multivariate analysis we show that the connection between income inequality and economic complexity is stronger than what can be explained using aggregate measures of income, institutions, export concentration, and human capital, and also, that increases in economic complexity are accompanied by decreases in income inequality over long periods of time. Finally, we use the position of a country in the network of related products - or product space - to explain how changes in a country's export...

  19. West African crude production diversifies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aalund, L.

    1983-06-01

    Nigeria, with its seven crude-oil export streams, dominated West African production and accounted for over 70% of the depressed 1.8 million b/d output from the region last year. However, during the 1970s a flurry of new producing fields, primarily off the African coast, diversified production among a number of countries and touched off a wave of oil activity. The Journal takes a close look at the quality of West African oil in this installment of assays on world export crudes. This issue covers, in alphabetical order, Bonny Light (Nigeria) to Espoir (Ivory Coast). A following issue will wrap up West Africa by presenting assays on crudes from Forcados Blend (Nigeria) to Zaire Crude (Zaire).

  20. Rural Drag: Settler Colonialism and the Queer Rhetorics of Rurality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nichols, Garrett Wedekind

    2013-07-16

    In the United States, rural culture is frequently thought of as traditional and “authentically” American. This belief stems from settler colonial histories in which Native lands are stolen and “settled” by white colonial ...

  1. Top Incomes in the Long Run of History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkinson, Anthony B.; Piketty, Thomas; Saez, Emmanuel

    2012-01-01

    A. B. and T. Piketty eds. Top Incomes over the TwentiethPress. Atkinson, Anthony B. (2010) “Top incomes in a rapidlyA. B. and T. Piketty eds. Top Incomes over the Twentieth

  2. 2016 Alaska Rural Energy Conference

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The 2016 Alaska Rural Energy Conference is a three-day event that offers a large variety of technical sessions covering new and ongoing energy projects in Alaska, as well as new technologies and needs for Alaska's remote communities.

  3. California Rural Communities, Farm worker Settlement and Citizenship Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    2006 ¬ California Rural Communities, Farmworker SettlementGomez California Rural Communities, Farm worker Settlementfor participation in rural community’s political and civil

  4. Reaching Rural Communities: Videoconferencing in K-12 Dance Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parrish, Mila Dr.

    2009-01-01

    the needs of rural communities and a promising alternativeReaching Rural Communities: Videoconferencing in K-12 danceresources not found in rural communities (Schwier & Balbar,

  5. Urban Bias, Rural Sexual Minorities, and the Courts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luke, Boso

    2013-01-01

    titil- lated the rural community and jurors of PendletonAdolescents in Rural Communities in British Columbia, 99 Ain minority, poor, and rural communities. Urban bias both

  6. Loan Programs for Low- and Moderate-Income Households | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Multifamily and Low-Income Housing Peer Exchange Call Series: Loan Programs for Low- and Moderate-Income Households, March 13, 2014. Call Slides and Discussion Summary More...

  7. Revisiting the Income Effect: Gasoline Prices and Grocery Purchases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gicheva, Dora; Hastings, Justine; Villas-Boas, Sofia B

    2008-01-01

    Mortgage or Rent Gasoline and Motor Oil Income after taxesMortgage or Rent Gasoline and Motor Oil Income after taxes

  8. Proposed Structure and Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Structure and Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy Efficiency Workgroup 1 Background As part of Post-2011-Review, BPA agreed to convene a low income energy efficiency...

  9. Structure and Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy Efficiency

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy Efficiency Workgroup 1 Background As part of Post-2011-Review, BPA agreed to convene a low income energy efficiency workgroup. The...

  10. The State and income inequality in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medeiros, Marcelo; Souza, Pedro H.G.F.

    2013-01-01

    Cash Transfers in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: Impacts uponand income inequality in Brazil Journal. 1986;96(383):722–the inequality levels in Brazil would be much higher than

  11. Handbook for Incoming Law Exchange Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gasch, Audrey P.

    Handbook for Incoming Law Exchange Students Prepared by Global Legal Studies Center UW Law School Directors .......................................................................... 5 Selecting courses in conjunction with other material sent to you by the International Academic Programs (IAP) which coordinates

  12. The African-American house as a vehicle of discovery for an African-American architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Charles E. (Charles Edward)

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this research is three-fold: (1) This thesis seeks to uncover evidence of a distinctly African-American architectural form. The primary building type observed will be the house, or the housing of African-Americans ...

  13. Designing sanitation projects in rural Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Jonathan (Jonathan Ho Yin)

    2011-01-01

    Providing sanitation to rural areas in Ghana remains a huge challenge. Government funding is scarce while many international donor projects are ineffective. This thesis explores the difficulties with rural sanitation ...

  14. Pollution and Environmental Concern in Rural China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandes, Julia

    2013-12-31

    , a large proportion of China's population still lives in rural areas where national environmental laws are often not implemented, and where environmental pollution can be quite serious. Thus, it is important to understand how China's rural population...

  15. Alaska Village Initiatives Rural Business Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the Alaska Village Initiative, the 24th Annual Rural Small Business Conference brings together rural businesses and leaders to provide them with networking opportunities, training, and technical information.

  16. USDA Rural Business Enterprise Grant (RBEG) Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Request for Proposals for funding to support the development of small and emerging private business enterprises in rural Alaska

  17. Social and economic aspects of the introduction of gasification technology in rural areas of developing countries (Tanzania)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Groeneveld, M.J.; Westerterp, K.R.

    1980-01-01

    According to the evaluation criteria presented, the gasification of corn cobs is acceptable from the economical and agricultural point of view in the rural areas around Arusha (Tanzania). The gasification system is of relatively simple construction and local maintenance is possible. If the system is connected to the already existing corn mills in the villages, it is appropriate to the existing socio-cultural system. The economic calculations made clear that the use of gasification is attractive for both the owners of the corn mill and the government. The advantages for the government are the savings on imported oil and the extra income created for the users of the corn mill (inhabitants of the rural villages). The government loses income from taxes and from the production and transport of diesel oil. Evaluation methods presented can and should be used for gasification projects in other areas.

  18. Rural-urban Migration in China: Evidence from Anhui Province

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chen

    2015-01-01

    labor, not only to maximize collective income but also toas a way to maximize family income by “encouraging some

  19. Better Buildings Low Income Peer Exchange CallFeaturing: Case...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    14, 2011 BetterBuildings Low Income Peer Exchange Call Featuring: Case study on integration of income-qualified programs into Michigan's BetterBuildings program Call Slides and...

  20. Life in low income families in Scotland: research report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKendrick, John H; Cunningham-Burley, Sarah; Backett-Milburn, Kathryn

    Living on a low income is a problem that the Scottish Executive and UK Parliament want to tackle. Previous work has focused on measuring the number of people living on a low income. This research was commissioned to ...

  1. EmPOWER Maryland Low Income Energy Efficiency Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Maryland Department of Housing and Community Development (DHCD) EmPOWER Maryland Low Income Energy Efficiency Program helps qualifying low-income residents increase the energy efficiency of t...

  2. Income Inequality and Mortality: The Costa RIcan Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modrek, Sepideh

    2009-01-01

    44-49). San Francisco Kuznets, S. (1955). Economic Growthin income inequality (Kuznets, 1955), but benefits from this

  3. Better Buildings Residential Multifamily/Low-Income Peer Exchange...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6 Data & Evaluation Financing & Revenue Marketing & Outreach Multi-Family Low Income Housing Program Sustainability Workforce Business Partners...

  4. Employment Patterns among Women: A Comparative Study of Rural Malawi and Rural Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassan, Amira; Hyder, Asma

    2012-01-01

    Shahnaz, L. (2002). How do women decide to work in Pakistan?The Pakistan Development Review,41(4), Part II:495-513.is 8 and 14 in rural Pakistan and rural Malawi respectively

  5. Rural Girls’ Perceptions of Success and the Effect of Living in a Rural Context 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Katherine S

    2014-06-05

    The aim of this study was to better understand how young women in a rural community define successful adulthood and how life in a rural area benefited or challenged their transition into successful adulthood. Non-probability, purposive sampling...

  6. Universal Laws of Human Society's Income Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tao, Yong

    2015-01-01

    General equilibrium equations in economics play the same role with many-body Newtonian equations in physics. Accordingly, each solution of the general equilibrium equations can be regarded as a possible microstate of the economic system. Since Arrow's Impossibility Theorem and Rawls' principle of social fairness will provide a powerful support for the hypothesis of equal probability, then the principle of maximum entropy is available in a just and equilibrium economy so that an income distribution will occur spontaneously (with the largest probability). Remarkably, some scholars have observed such an income distribution in some democratic countries, e.g. USA. This result implies that the hypothesis of equal probability may be only suitable for some "fair" systems (economic or physical systems). From this meaning, the non-equilibrium systems may be "unfair" so that the hypothesis of equal probability is unavailable.

  7. Modular Biomass Systems Could Boost Rural Areas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Increased ethanol production will help revitalize the rural economy and decrease America's dependence on foreign oil, but there are other ways to create opportunities in the farmlands.

  8. Case Study - National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    National Rural Electric Cooperative Association Smart Grid Investment Grant 1 Helping America's Electric Cooperatives Build a Smarter Grid to Streamline Operations and Improve...

  9. Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The Role of the Private Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Technologies...

  10. USDA Rural Development Washington State Workshop

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture is hosting a Washington Rural Development Workshop. Speakers will cover local and regional broadband initiatives program and broadband success stories,...

  11. GROWTH OF SOUTH AFRICAN AFRICA' ~-' ,, I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GROWTH OF SOUTH AFRICAN FISHERIES -SQUTH-: WEST .-' AFRICA' ~-' ,, I I , I :--. .,' UN I .............................................. Regrouping of Interests ······························ Fisheries Development Corporation of South Africa, Ltd and the trawling interests, respectively. The quasi-official Fisheries Develop- ment Corporation of South Africa

  12. GSM Whitespaces: An Opportunity for Rural Cellular Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    , community cellular, that has the potential to bring coverage to extremely rural populations. Although the total capital costs for these networks (rural communities, the highGSM Whitespaces: An Opportunity for Rural Cellular Service Shaddi Hasan, Kurtis Heimerl, Kate

  13. Internet Kiosks in Rural India: What Influences Success?#

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kendall, Jake; Singh, Nirvikar

    2007-01-01

    subject to learning effects. Internet Kiosks in Rural India:Science, 46, 4, 548-62. Internet Kiosks in Rural India: Whataccessed September 27, 2004. Internet Kiosks in Rural India:

  14. Village adoption scheme : a model for rural development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanavati, Shahid Sadruddin, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    The study describes a "Village Adoption Scheme" as a model for energising the rural economy in India and to slow down rural - urban migration which research has shown to be harmful to both; rural and urban people of India ...

  15. USDA Offers Renewable Energy Feasibility Studies for Rural Businesses...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    USDA Offers Renewable Energy Feasibility Studies for Rural Businesses USDA Offers Renewable Energy Feasibility Studies for Rural Businesses September 22, 2010 - 10:43am Addthis The...

  16. 2014 HAC Rural Housing Conference: Retool, Rebuild, Renew

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The biennial HAC Rural Housing Conference brings together stakeholders in the field of rural affordable housing from local nonprofits, federal agencies, Congress, state and local governments, and...

  17. The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of the Costs and Benefits Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Welfare Impact of Rural...

  18. Rural Development Multi-Family Housing Energy Efficiency Initiative...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    rural America for the next century, the USDA Rural Development Multi-Family Housing Energy Efficiency Initiative enables applicants to several USDA housing programs to...

  19. Exhaust Heat Recovery for Rural Alaskan Diesel Generators | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Recovery for Rural Alaskan Diesel Generators Exhaust Heat Recovery for Rural Alaskan Diesel Generators Poster presentation at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research...

  20. ARM - SGP Rural Driving Hazards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, Alaska OutreachCalendarPressExtended Facility SGP RelatedRural Driving

  1. Accuracy Requirements for Rural Land Parcel Boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    Accuracy Requirements for Rural Land Parcel Boundaries Kristin M. Stock School of Planning accuracy of about +/-0.2m. Utilities companies and local authorities in rural areas have more relaxed of Planning, Landscape Architecture and Surveying at Queensland University of Technology, and the Geodetic

  2. Policy support activities Brazil Rural Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    through the National Network of NGOs for Renewable Energy (RENOVE). ·The aim is to support the Brazilian1 Policy support activities Brazil Rural Energy Enterprise Development (B-REED) Juan Zak UNEP Risoe makers implement Electricity Law 10.438 in ways that enable small rural energy enterprises to coexist

  3. Home Front as Warfront: African American World War I Drama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egging, Anna Katherine

    2010-08-31

    This dissertation recovers little-known African American World War I plays that blur the boundary between the home front and warfront. I argue that with this focus, the plays wage their own war for African American citizenship ...

  4. Feral Africanized honey bee ecology in a coastal prairie landscape 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baum, Kristen Anne

    2004-09-30

    for feral honey bees than others. Colonies were aggregated within the study area, probably due to the distribution of resources. The invasion of Africanized honey bees appeared to fragment the existing European population, with Africanized colonies...

  5. Communication Factors Affecting African Policymakers' Decisions about Agricultural Biotechnology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Begashaw, Belay Ejigu

    2010-10-12

    The purpose of this study was to develop a model for impacting decisions on agricultural biotechnology practices in food production among African policymakers. The research focused on three African countries, namely, South Africa, Malawi and Ghana...

  6. A Qualitative Description of African American Women's Breastfeeding Experiences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer, Becky

    2012-08-31

    The low rates of breastfeeding among African American women in the U.S. is a poorly understood, persistent disparity that contributes to higher incidences of morbidity and mortality for African Americans across the lifespan. ...

  7. Wildlife Monitoring and Conservation in a West African Protected Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Andrew Cole

    2010-01-01

    25, 49-52. Revilla E. , Palomares F. & Delibes M. (2001).African carnivores (Palomares & Caro 1999; Caro & Stoner

  8. The State of California and Southern African Racism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrington, John

    1972-01-01

    28. -ll9- BACKGROUND - TO - RACISM AND AMERICAN --- FIRMS -with Southern African racism. (Firms underlineaBl conduct

  9. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program, BetterBuildings Low Income...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Messaging and Messaging Strategies for Low Income Program Participants Agenda * Call logistics and Roll Call * Discussion Questions: What messaging have you found successful...

  10. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Multi-Family and Low Income...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Multi-Family and Low Income Peer Exchange Call: Using Partnerships to Drive Demand and Provide Services in Communities Agenda * Call Logistics and Attendance What kind of...

  11. Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2011-12-01

    Provides state and local policymakers with information on successful approaches to the design and implementation of residential efficiency programs for households ineligible for low-income programs.

  12. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Multi-family/ Low Income...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Program Multi-family Low Income Peer Exchange Call: Information Technology Tools for Multi-family Building Programs Call Slides and Discussion Summary Agenda * Call...

  13. The Denver Energy Challenge-- Serving Moderate Income Residents

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides an overview of the Denver Energy Challenge and how services were expanded to moderate income residents including challenges and next steps.

  14. Effective Energy Behavior Change for Low-Income Weatherization Clients

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This document contains the transcript for the Effective Energy Behavior Change for Low-Income Weatherization Clients webinar presented on May 31, 2012.

  15. A Study of Income Segregation in Large Chinese Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Jiren

    2013-01-01

    Harbin Changchun Nanjing Dalian Jinan Qingdao Taiyuangroups. Like Beijing and Dalian, their segregation profilesis remarkably lower than Dalian‘s level from low-income

  16. Three: Should California Adopt an Earned Income Tax Credit?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stark, Kirk J

    2006-01-01

    EARNED INCOME TAX CREDIT? Kirk J. Stark, Professor of Law,years. On this strategy, see Kirk J. Stark, Smart Tax Laws

  17. Measurement and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Measurement and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency Programs in Brazil: Methodological Challenges Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Measurement...

  18. Approaches to Electric Utility Energy Efficiency for Low Income...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Approaches to Electric Utility Energy Efficiency for Low Income Customers in a Changing Regulatory Environment Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Approaches...

  19. Fact #565: April 6, 2009 Household Gasoline Expenditures by Income

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In the annual Consumer Expenditure Survey, household incomes are grouped into five equal parts called quintiles (each quintile is 20%). Households in the second and third quintiles consistently...

  20. Rural electric cooperatives IRP survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrick, C. [Garrick and Associates, Morrison, CO (United States)

    1995-11-01

    This report summarizes the integrated resource planning (IRP) practices of US rural electric cooperatives and the IRP policies which influence these practices. It was prepared by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and its subcontractor Garrick and Associates to assist the US Department of Energy (DOE) in satisfying the reporting requirements of Title 1, Subtitle B, Section 111(e)(3) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct), which states: (e) Report--Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary (of the US Department of Energy) shall transmit a report to the President and to the Congress containing--(the findings from several surveys and evaluations, including:); (3) a survey of practices and policies under which electric cooperatives prepare IRPs, submit such plans to REA, and the extent to which such integrated resource planning is reflected in rates charged to customers.

  1. Roadmap: Pan-African Studies Pan-African Studies Bachelor of Arts [AS-BA-PAS-PAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: Pan-African Studies ­ Pan-African Studies ­ Bachelor of Arts [AS-BA-PAS-PAS] College: 22-Apr-13/LNHD This roadmap is a recommended semester-by-semester plan of study for this major Non-PAS Elective 3 General Elective (upper division) 9 #12;Roadmap: Pan-African Studies ­ Pan

  2. Black African Women's Motivations for Involvement in Southern African Liberation Struggles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jalufka, Alaina 1987-

    2011-04-26

    Since the introduction of colonialism, African women have frequently been ignored in and excluded from political life in southern Africa. However, many women participated as freedom fighters and activists in southern ...

  3. Half the Household Was African: Recovering the Histories of Two African Slaves in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Anthony A.

    2015-01-01

    of the Babi movement in Iran. See also, Harris, The AfricanTauris, 2005): 171. 11 In Iran, at this time, the price of aWomen in Nineteenth-Century Iran: The Life of Fezzeh Khanom

  4. Better rural churches through architectural planning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, K. Frank

    1956-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to show that Protestant rural churches can be batter churches by combining religious and sociological planning with proper architectural planning. Architectural planning as presented in this thesis is a technique...

  5. CSR AND THE RURAL ELECTRIFICATION CHALLENGE 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joss, Kristina

    2011-11-24

    renewable energy for rural electrification in the least developed countries. Using first hand interviews with industry experts to support academic literature and policy report analysis, this dissertation argues that corporations are a necessary tool...

  6. Telemedicine Provision Centers and Reproductive Age Women in Rural Uttar Pradesh, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lo, Terrence Quock-Kit

    2011-01-01

    on Rural Health Statistics in India 2009 Retrieved Februaryon Rural Health Statistics in India 2009 Retrieved Februaryon Rural Health Statistics in India 2009 Retrieved February

  7. Cross-Cultural Comparison of Marriage Relationship between Muslim and Santal Communities in Rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uddin, Md. Emaj

    2009-01-01

    Muslim and Santal Communities in Rural Bangladesh Md. EmajMuslim and Santal communities in rural Bangladesh. For thisselected between the communities in rural Bangladesh. This

  8. Finding a Home: A Developmental Model of Rural Physician Recruitment and Retention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hancock, Christine M

    2008-01-01

    http://www.unmc.edu/Community/mralmeded/rural_background_http://wvvw.unmc.edu/Community/ruralmeded/rural_interested_Physician retention in rural communities: the perspective of

  9. Agriculture, Farm Labor, and Rural Communities in California in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palerm, Juan Vicente

    2010-01-01

    Agriculture, Farm Labor, and Rural Communities in CaliforniaAgriculture, Farm Labor, and Rural Communities in CaliforniaCalifornia's rural/agricultural communities located within

  10. Meeting the Need for Safe Drinking Water in Rural Mexico through Point-of-Use Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lang, Micah; Kaser, Forrest; Reygadas, Fermin; Nelson, Kara; Kammen, Daniel M.

    2006-01-01

    A Promising Option for Rural Communities 4 III. Trends intime, people in the rural communities are unprepared to takePromising Option for Rural Communities “Approaches that rely

  11. From Resource Management to Political Activism: Civil Society Participation in Nicaragua's Rural Water Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Sarah T.

    2012-01-01

    agricultural, community, and rural development agencies,state actors. CAPS and rural communities also must confrontaffects us [as CAPS and rural communities] in these small

  12. Is Inequality Inevitable in Society? Income Distribution as a Consequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Sitabhra

    inequality when he collected data on income distribution in several countries including England, Peru a power law relation, with the number of households having income greater than x, N(x) x- . He further observed were around 1.5, possibly the first report of universal- ity in a power law relation from

  13. Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pezzey, Jack

    Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy JOHN PEZZEY EEN0203 #12;Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy John C. V. Pezzey Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies Australian National.K. Draft of 23 January 2002 Abstract. Exact optimal paths are calculated for a closed economy with human

  14. UNIVERSITY OF UTAH INCOME ACCOUNTING & STUDENT LOAN SERVICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNIVERSITY OF UTAH INCOME ACCOUNTING & STUDENT LOAN SERVICES 201 SOUTH 1460 EAST, ROOM 165 SALT FOR PREAUTHORIZED LOAN PAYMENTS I hereby authorize the University of Utah's Income Accounting & Student Loan the same to the financial institution and account listed below, for loan payments

  15. UNIVERSITY OF UTAH INCOME ACCOUNTING & STUDENT LOAN SERVICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNIVERSITY OF UTAH INCOME ACCOUNTING & STUDENT LOAN SERVICES 201 SOUTH 1460 EAST, ROOM 165 TELEPHONE: 581-7344 FAX: 585-3898 AUTHORIZATION AGREEMENT FOR DIRECT DEPOSIT OF STUDENT ACCOUNT CREDIT I hereby authorize the University of Utah's Income Accounting & Student Loan Services Department

  16. CHAPTER FOUR Global and African Regional Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deMenocal, Peter B.

    45 CHAPTER FOUR Global and African Regional Climate during the Cenozoic SARAH J. FEAKINS AND PETER by significant climate change. Major global changes included massive tectonic reorganization, a reduction in atmospheric pCO2 (Pagani et al., 1999; Pearson and Palmer, 2000), and a dramatic cooling of global climate

  17. BULLETIN OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & SOCIETY / April 2002Zhou, Byrne / RURAL SUSTAINABILITY Renewable Energy for Rural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    Energy for Rural Sustainability: Lessons From China Aiming Zhou John Byrne University of Delaware Rural renewable energy applications and assessment from China can be very helpful in defining a global sustainable and environmentally sustainable manner. Key Words: renewableenergy,sustainabledevelopment, China energy policy, China

  18. Rural Education in Transition : A Study of Recent Trends in Education in Five Texas Rural Counties. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skrabanek, R. L.

    1954-01-01

    'Gurrl rl the compulsory school ages residing in rural areas, these changes will play an important part future progress of the State. 'I h I Through consolidation the number of rural schools declined by 66 percent since 1949. Some open te country.... 4 School Enrollment and Attendance.. ............ 6 . ........ Curriculum and Teaching Personnel.. .. 7 School Support ................................................... 10 Acknowledgments .............................................. 11...

  19. African American Students in a Middle Income, Urban School District: Five Successful Secondary Teachers’ Beliefs and Practices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams Jefferson, Rhonique Lia

    2013-12-03

    to discover emergent themes. Teachers conducted member checks throughout the process. The findings from the study yielded the following: (1) teachers developed an educational approach that informed their instructional practices, (2) teachers displayed a...

  20. SECTION 595 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 595 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO, RURAL UTAH-Federal interests in Idaho, Montana, rural Nevada, New Mexico, rural Utah, and Wyoming pursuant to Section 595

  1. SECTION 595 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 595 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO, RURAL UTAH, rural Nevada, New Mexico, rural Utah, and Wyoming pursuant to Section 595 of the Water Resources

  2. Land Use Rights, Market Transition, and Rural-urban Labor Migration in China (1980-84)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiu Por

    2012-01-01

    rural China was for self-consumption in rural China. (Zhou,in rural China was for self-consumption in rural China (into four components: self-sufficient consumption; commodity

  3. "Table HC7.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Household Income...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than...

  4. Table HC1-3a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total 2001 Household Income Below Poverty Line...

  5. Targeted Marketing and Program Design for Low- and Moderate-Income...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Targeted Marketing and Program Design for Low- and Moderate-Income Households Targeted Marketing and Program Design for Low- and Moderate-Income Households Better Buildings...

  6. Rethinking the nonmetropolitan turnaround: renewed rural growth or extended urbanization? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaodong

    2007-04-25

    was rural, the dominant pattern of urbanization was rural-urban migration. When the majority of the population became urban, the dominant urbanization pattern reversed to urbanrural migration because urban centers had reached beyond their optimal density...

  7. Postsecondary Completion in Rural Texas: A Statewide Overview 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Shuyu; Hall, Taylor R.; Jackson, Candace A.; Liu, Xiaodan; Morin, Zach; Sargent, Orsi T.; Steere, Vladislav S.

    2014-01-01

    completion in Rural Texas. Using a mixed methods approach, the capstone studied institutional, attitudinal, and academic barriers that impede rural students from pursuing and obtaining a postsecondary credential. Why should policymakers and stakeholders focus...

  8. An analysis of the incomes of rural and urban Spanish-Americans in two South Texas counties 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickerson, Ben Edward

    1965-01-01

    eiesatae the seteiLL~ hehsase teesae 1esele sasag eswX ead urea ~sh Aaestem fsatttes eal Qe egesaetea, eieltvteg eiahse, ege eag ~ 1eagimege ?cage ef ghe hseee4dl heege Vhs eteLIeAe slgeHkm ef %te lheet? is hs 4esetee e hs4t ef hase 1egge essieeiiagag... in their resyostive ~ss. For cucsaple uhile tho nedisa fuaily insme ef ths Cysaish Asorioea ~ group in Sea JhAunio csee 83, 000, it ms giicV66 for tbo total yeyu- 3atioa. Likeuise, ths fusil' ins~ fce itasoosa Csun+ Syeaieb-hsorieen e~ heusehoMs ms 48ciL68 uhL3e...

  9. Federal options for low-income electricity policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baxter, L.W.

    1998-06-01

    Protection of low-income consumers remains an important public policy concern in a restructuring electricity industry. Policies are needed to ensure that low-income households have enough affordable electricity to protect their health and safety, and that they are not victimized by unscrupulous suppliers. In this paper, the author presents three broad federal roles in setting low-income electricity policy, and discuss three more specific policy areas: universal service, electricity assistance, and health and safety. He discusses the key policy issues that arise when considering these potential federal initiatives and draw upon reviews of proposed low-income policies from restructuring proposals in eight states--California, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Wisconsin.

  10. Oil Prices, External Income, and Growth: Lessons from Jordan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaddes, Kamiar; Raissi, Mehdi

    2011-12-08

    This paper extends the long-run growth model of Esfahani et al. (2009) to a labour exporting country that receives large inflows of external income - the sum of remittances, FDI and general government transfers - from major oil exporting economies...

  11. Wind Development Found to Increase County-Level Personal Income...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Personal Income January 10, 2013 - 2:21pm Addthis This is an excerpt from the Fourth Quarter 2012 edition of the Wind Program R&D Newsletter. The U.S. Department of...

  12. Top Incomes in the Long Run of History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkinson, Anthony B.; Piketty, Thomas; Saez, Emmanuel

    2012-01-01

    in top income shares in Finland,” Atkinson, A. B. and T.Singapore Argentina Sweden Finland Norway Share of top 0.1U/L-shaped),1900- 2006 Sweden Finland Norway Spain Portugal

  13. Low Impact, Affordable, Low Income Houses for Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alcocer, J. L. B.; Haberl, J. S.

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses an effort to develop low impact, affordable, low income houses for Mexico. Low impact houses are defined as houses with energy and water needs that are substantially reduced below levels corresponding to code compliance...

  14. The Farmer's Conundrum: Income from Biofuels or Protect the Soil?

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Selling crop residues for bioenergy could provide farmers with an extra source of income, but leaving some residue on the fields has benefits too. So how can land managers find this balance?

  15. Resource handbook for low-income residential retrofits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Callaway, J.W.; Brenchley, D.L.; Davis, L.J.; Ivey, D.L.; Smith, S.A.; Westergard, E.J.

    1987-04-01

    The purpose of the handbook is to provide technical assistance to state grantees participating in the Partnerships in Low-Income Residential Retrofit (PILIRR) Program. PILIRR is a demonstration program aimed at identifying innovative, successful approaches to developing public and private support for weatherization of low-income households. The program reflects the basic concept that responsibility for financial support for conservation activities such as low-income residential retrofitting is likely to gradually shift from the DOE to the states and the private sector. In preparing the handbook, PNL staff surveyed over 50 programs that provide assistance to low-income residents. The survey provided information on factors that contribute to successful programs. PNL also studied the winning PILIRR proposals (from the states of Florida, Iowa, Kentucky, Oklahoma and Washington) and identified the approaches proposed and the type of information that would be most helpful in implementing these approaches.

  16. Three: Should California Adopt an Earned Income Tax Credit?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stark, Kirk J

    2006-01-01

    which depends upon the taxpayer’s earned income. 15 In itson how many children the taxpayer has. In addition, the EITCof credit to which a taxpayer is entitled can vary widely,

  17. Institute for African Development Spring Symposium 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    development, as poverty levels are falling, incomes are rising, and education and health indicators show in infrastructure development, institution building, and good governance. The role of education in reducing poverty for development") is an important factor in eradicating poverty, creating employment, promoting equality

  18. Rural Communities Benefit from Wind Energy's Continued Success

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    John Stulp, Colorado Interbasin Compact Committee chairman, discusses how wind energy benefits rural communities, farms, and ranches.

  19. Linear programming model for optimum resource allocation in rural systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Devadas, V. [Indian Inst. of Tech., Kharagpur (India)

    1997-07-01

    The article presents a model for optimum resource allocation in a rural system. Making use of linear programming, the objective function of the linear programming model is to maximize the revenue of the rural system, and optimum resource allocation is made subject to a number of energy- and nonenergy-related constraints relevant to the rural system. The model also quantifies the major yields as well as the by-products of different sectors of the rural economic system.

  20. Political competition and Mirrleesian income taxation: A first pass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bierbrauer, Felix J.; Boyer, Pierre C.

    2011-01-26

    - rium characterization tractable. Section 5 contains the results of the equilibrium analysis and Section 6 outlines the implications for marginal income tax rates. In Section 7, we show how the results change if politicians maximize winning probabilities... and Weibull (1987). Martimort (2001) studies strategic budget deficits and optimal taxation in a model with partisan politics. 6 could think of: an analysis of Downsian competition in a static Mirrleesian model of income taxation. Finally, our paper is related...

  1. Engaging African Americans in STEM Education | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    engaging young African American students in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) education. Director Dot Harris, who leads the Department's Office of Economic Impact...

  2. Effects of Reduced Connectivity in Rural and Remote Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effects of Reduced Connectivity in Rural and Remote Communities Abstract In this paper we describe ignored yet important user population. Keywords Remote and rural communities, connectivity, qualitative understand user needs in rural and remote communities and what impact lack of connectivity has on users

  3. The clock is ticking for rural America1 Michael Duffy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Michael D.

    determined by who are the winners and losers. All rural communities in the U.S. are undergoing changes. The rural, non- farm, communities in the U.S. are undergoing changes in the population mix of production. The interface between the non-farm rural and the agricultural communities is where we are seeing

  4. Revisiting CGNet Swara and its Impact in Rural India Affiliation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajamani, Sriram K.

    , resulting in concrete changes in rural communities. The story of CGNet Swara starts with its launch in 2010Revisiting CGNet Swara and its Impact in Rural India 1st Author Affiliation E-mail 2nd Author journalism, launched in rural India in 2010. Since then, CGNet Swara has logged over 575,000 phone calls

  5. Effective Rural ITS Outreach: The California Program for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGowen, Patrick

    America, and to bring rural communities into full and active partnership in the national advanced transportation technology program. The rural community is faced with many unique challenges and opportunities community encounters many unique obstacles that are specific to the rural environment verses the urban

  6. Rural Food Security in Tigray, Ethiopia: Policy Impact Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rural Food Security in Tigray, Ethiopia: Policy Impact Evaluation Tagel Gebrehiwot March, 2008 #12;Rural Food Security in Tigary, Ethiopia: Policy Impact Evaluation by Tagel Gebrehiwot Thesis submitted on the effectiveness of food security policy in ensuring rural food security and poverty reduction in Tigray region

  7. Migration, rural development, poverty and food security: a comparative perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Migration, rural development, poverty and food security: a comparative perspective Thomas Lacroix rural underdevelopment, poverty and food insecurity in rural areas? The case studies provide mixed poverty, even for non-migrant households. In the countries benefiting from temporary migration schemes

  8. FUZZY COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF RURAL INFORMATION POVERTY IN CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    FUZZY COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF RURAL INFORMATION POVERTY IN CHINA CASE STUDY OF HEBEI PROVINCE@yahoo.com.cn Abstract: Information poverty is a new form of poverty in information society. With the growing information-gap between urban and rural areas, information poverty is prevailing in the vast rural areas in China

  9. New York City Cabdrivers' Labor Supply Revisited: Reference-Dependence Preferences with Rational-Expectations Targets for Hours and Income

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, Vincent P.; Meng, Juanjuan

    2008-01-01

    the hours and income that would maximize consumption utilitythe income and hours that would maximize consumption utility

  10. Empowering the Next Generation: Connecting the U.S. and African...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Empowering the Next Generation: Connecting the U.S. and African Nations through Technical Exchanges Empowering the Next Generation: Connecting the U.S. and African Nations through...

  11. The Role of the State in Influencing African Labour Outcomes in Spain and Portugal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendoza, Cristóbal

    2000-01-01

    The point to stress here is that African labour outcomes arestress here is that, unlike Spain, the state does not 'push' PALOP Africans into secondary labour

  12. Rural Soccology 64(4), 1999,pp. 641-666 Copyright 0 1999 by the Rural Sociological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belsky, Jill M.

    Misrepresenting Communities: The Politics of Community-Based Rural Ecotourism in Gales Point Manatee, Belize1 Jill that ignore politics. Based on research in a community-based rural ecotourism project in Gales Point Manatee interests and identities within the rural community and their relationships to external actors, political

  13. Rural Inequality and Nutrition: an Analysis of Three Rural Communities in the Dominican Republic 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barr, Susannah R

    2014-07-23

    The Sunflower Project, a small nutrition-education project in a rural area in the Dominican Republic, grew haphazardly from its establishment in summer 2013, relying on non-academic resources and guides to shape project ...

  14. Broadband, Higher Education and Rural New Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maccabe, Barney

    Broadband, Higher Education and Rural New Mexico Gil Gonzales, Ph.D., Chief Information Officer University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 E mail: gonzgil@unm.edu Background UNM students enjoy the country do. New Mexico is also home to two national laboratories in Los Alamos (Los Alamos National

  15. Role of Money in Rural Family Living. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Bardin H.

    1961-01-01

    12. RURAL NONFARM itsi 1 ,I 1~11 i One- ,m..l third of the mothers of the 205 so~homores were oyed outside the home. Some examples of work were doing follow: factory work (14) ; cafe ess (7) ; sewing :(5) ; nursing (4) . Such a high...

  16. Department of Industrial Engineering Spring 2011 African Climate Exchange II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    PENNSTATE Department of Industrial Engineering Spring 2011 African Climate Exchange II Overview Mr. Sisay Shimelis, the sponsor and contact at African Climate Exchange approached the Industrial for packaging of the product, to reduce automation and increase job availability. Approach All required demands

  17. CONFERENCE OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN SOCIETY FOR PLANT PATHOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE 48TH CONFERENCE OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN SOCIETY FOR PLANT PATHOLOGY Prepared by Arista Fourie The South African Society for Plant Pathology held their 48th conference at the scenic ATKV, Klein Kariba as quarantine regulations. The conference was attended by about 160 members representing regions

  18. Explorative study of African Americans and internet dating 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spates, Kamesha Sondranek

    2005-02-17

    -1 EXPLORATIVE STUDY OF AFRICAN AMERICANS AND INTERNET DATING A Thesis by KAMESHA SONDRANEK SPATES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2004 Major Subject: Sociology EXPLORATIVE STUDY OF AFRICAN AMERICANS AND INTERNET DATING A Thesis by KAMESHA SONDRANEK SPATES Submitted to Texas A...

  19. Pan African Technologies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPan African Technologies Jump

  20. From Pain to Peace: An African American Woman Finding Voice in Black Womanist Theology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abney, Angela

    2014-12-12

    in many ways, 2) African American women pass strength on as a legacy, 3) African American women rely on church and God in their leadership, and 4) African American women’s views on education are paramount in the African American community. The most...

  1. To Revalue the Rural? Transformation of the Mexican Federal Payments for Ecosystem Services Programs from Neoliberal Notion to Development Dogma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Elizabeth N

    2010-01-01

    in protected areas and rural communities: Case studies frominclude small holders and rural communities (Camacho et al.directed community planning, and rural development

  2. MATERIALS TRANSFER AGREEMENT for incoming item(s)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    MATERIALS TRANSFER AGREEMENT for incoming item(s) To be used when an item(s) is being provided for demonstration or loaner purposes. This Materials Transfer Agreement ("Agreement") is made by and between, the University is interested in receiving from the Provider certain material(s), defined below

  3. Integrating Photovoltaic Systems into Low-Income Housing Developments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    through funding from the Solar America Showcase activity of the U.S. Department of Energy's Solar Energy of a New Residential Financing Model and Low-Income Resident Job Training Program SEPTEMBER 2011 SOLAR Technologies Program. To learn more, please visit: www.solar.energy.gov/solar_america_showcases.html Authors

  4. QER- Comment of Low-income Energy Affordability Network [MA

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Thank you, Secretary Moniz for the opportunity to submit testimony, I am entering this testimony to call attention to the Secretary and DOE staff, that DOE has operated a successful energy efficiency program for low income renters and home owners since DOE’s creation as a department, that leverages hundreds of millions of dollars in utility and other governmental and private investments...

  5. C.D. Howe Institute Taxing Emissions, Not Income

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C.D. Howe Institute COMMENTARY Taxing Emissions, Not Income: How to Moderate the Regional Impact... If policymakers wish to reduce Canadian greenhouse gas emissions, they can do so using a suite of policy tools dioxide and other GHG emissions. However, policymakers have yet to take such action because of concerns

  6. Statistical Mechanics of Money, Income, Debt, and Energy Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lathrop, Daniel P.

    Statistical Mechanics of Money, Income, Debt, and Energy Consumption Physics Colloquium Presented in financial markets. Globally, data analysis of energy consumption per capita around the world shows@american.edu Similarly to the probability distribution of energy in physics, the probability distribution of money among

  7. Energy and Indoor Environmental Quality Retrofits in Low-Income

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    environmental measurements and collect energy consumption data. Based on analyses of the data collected fromEnergy and Indoor Environmental Quality Retrofits in Low-Income Apartments ENVIRONMENTAL ENERGY RESEARCH PIER Environmental Research www.energy.ca.gov/research/environmental August 2011 The Issue

  8. Financial Policy Manual 2121 ACCOUNTING FOR PROGRAM INCOME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Edward I.

    property or items fabricated under an Award. Note: Income earned from license fees and royalties on patents of the award, either is required to be remitted to the sponsor, or may be used as additional project support is added to the funds committed to the project to further the objectives of the award; 2. Matching, used

  9. A Welcome to Incoming Optics Students from the Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Welcome to Incoming Optics Students from the Director It is my great pleasure to welcome you to The Institute of Optics, to join the training for the next generation of leaders in the field. Approximately half of all optics degrees awarded nationwide have been awarded by our institute since its founding

  10. Family Moderate Income Homeowners In New York State

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    "Family Moderate Income Homeowners In New York State: Enhancing Resource Accessibility Through Process Improvement and Targeted Outreach," by Residential Energy Efficiency Solutions, July 10, 2012, Arlington, Virginia. Provides an overview of broadening accessibility to financing through process improvement and targeted outreach.

  11. East African coast overlooked. [Oil and gas potential of the east African coast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-09-01

    This paper reviews the petroleum and gas potential of the Tanzania-Mozambique basinal areas. It discusses the locations of the various sedimentary basins in the onshore and near offshore areas, including the central African rift zone. The paper describes the structure, stratigraphy, and petroleum geology of these basins. Finally the paper reviews the exploration history and the outlook for the future of these basins.

  12. USDA Finances Wind for Rural Economic Development (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newcomb, C.; Walters, T.

    2005-05-01

    To foster rural economic development and growth, Congress passed the Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Efficiency Improvements Program as Section 9006 of the 2002 Farm Bill. This program provides financial assistance to farmers, ranchers, and rural small businesses to purchase renewable energy systems or make energy efficiency improvements. The Rural Business and Cooperative Services of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) administers this program. This conference poster provides an overview of Section 9006.

  13. Comments of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    rural electric Cooperatives (-Cooperatives). Most of NRECA's members are distribution Cooperatives, providing retail electric service to more than 42 million consumers...

  14. Equitable Access: Remote and Rural Communities 'Transport Needs...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Link: www.internationaltransportforum.orgjtrcDiscussionPapersDP201119.pdf Transport Toolkit Region(s): Europe Transport in rural and remote regions receives...

  15. Potential of CDMA450 for Rural Network Connectivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nedevschi, Sergiu; Surana, Sonesh; Du, Bowei; Patra, Rabin; Brewer, Eric; Stan, Victor

    2007-01-01

    capital expen- diture (CapEx), ideal for rural areas whereadditional savings in CapEx. E STABLISHED T ECHNOLOGY CDMA

  16. Choices about Treatment for ARI and Diarrhea in Rural Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Noreen; Pebley, Anne R.; Gragnolati, Michele

    2000-01-01

    economic well-being in Guatemala. Unpublished manuscript.diarrhea in highland Guatemala. Medical Anthropology 12(4),symptoms in rural Guatemala. Annales de la Societe. Belge de

  17. Comments of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    more than 900 not-for-profit, member-owned, member-controlled rural electric Cooperatives (-Cooperatives). Most of NRECA's members are distribution Cooperatives,...

  18. Grayson Rural Electric Cooperative- Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Grayson Rural Electric Cooperative provides rebates to its customers for increasing their energy efficiency. Members who make improvements based on recommendations by the utility's energy advisor...

  19. Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative (MREC) offers a number of rebates to residential customers for the purchase and installation of energy efficient equipment. Eligible equipment includes clothes...

  20. Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services: a review of the multifunctional platform project in Mali Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL...

  1. Financing Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Rural Areas of...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Financing Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Rural Areas of Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Financing Climate Adaptation and...

  2. Telemedicine Provision Centers and Reproductive Age Women in Rural Uttar Pradesh, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lo, Terrence Quock-Kit

    2011-01-01

    during common illnesses in a rural community of West Bengal,in high regard in rural communities and have significantCare Services among Rural Community of Agra." Indian Journal

  3. Jered Lawson and Nancy Vail: Pie Ranch: A Rural Center for Urban Renewal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    embraced by both urban and rural communities, enabling thoseas a meaningful tool for rural communities, and for urbanschool. It was in a rural community, a tight-knit small

  4. Alien Religious Influence on African Religion and Social Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anyanwu, Kane C.

    1976-01-01

    ALIEN I£LIGIOlE ItfUW 00 AFRICAN IRIGIOO AND SOCIAL OWH: byare passively absorbing alien influences and that westerntherefore, a knowledge of alien religious beliefs and world-

  5. Water availability, piospheres and evolution in African ruminants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derry, Julian F; Dougill, Andy

    2006-07-21

    Water dependency has consequences for the behaviour of African large herbivores from day-to-day and season-to-season. Independently, there have been comparisons made between the water-dependencies of these species and the consequent impact...

  6. The Geography of Narrative: Representations of Place in African Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowley, Dustin

    2013-05-31

    Questions of geography have been prominent in the criticism of both African literature in particular and postcolonialism in general, including, for instance, issues regarding the nation, globalization, and the urban. Yet ...

  7. Mycosphaerella species causing leaf disease in South African Eucalyptus plantations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mycosphaerella species causing leaf disease in South African Eucalyptus plantations Gavin C. HUNTER Eucalyptus plantations provide an important source of hardwood for forestry industries, worldwide. Several species of Mycosphaerella are associated with a destructive Eucalyptus leaf disease known

  8. Thermal and mechanical development of the East African Rift System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ebinger, Cynthia Joan

    1988-01-01

    The deep basins, uplifted flanks, and volcanoes of the Western and Kenya rift systems have developed along the western and eastern margins of the 1300 km-wide East African plateau. Structural patterns deduced from field, ...

  9. Impacts of Climate Conditions and Adaptations on Agricultural Output and Household Income in Inner Mongolia, China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wenjuan

    2014-07-31

    indicated that land degradation hurt the poorest household groups most and that conservation programs benefited the same groups the most significantly with respect to household income. In addition, diversification of income sources contribute significantly...

  10. "Shelter within my reach" : medium rise apartment housing for the middle income group in Karachi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahmood, Saman, 1972-

    1999-01-01

    This thesis identifies the project development processes of medium rise (five storied or less) apartment housing built by the private formal sector, catering to the middle income groups in Karachi, Pakistan. Middle income ...

  11. Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

  12. Popular urban settlements in Athens : a comparative study of low income housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitsiou, Triada

    1981-01-01

    This study is concerned with aspects of housing and urban development related to the lower income groups in the context of urbanization in Athens, Greece. It identifies and evaluates typical low income housing settlements ...

  13. (Rural electrification: Grid extension, decentralization, and financing)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D.

    1990-02-22

    H.G. (Mike) Jones and I had numerous meetings with EEGSA staff. We discussed rural electrification plans, reviewed documents, and collaborated on collecting information on decentralized energy alternatives. Meetings were also held with USAID/Guatemala, USAID/ROCAP, NRECA, MEM, PVOs, and equipment vendors. A preliminary draft report and spreadsheet for comparing decentralized power alternatives was completed. The report and findings were presented to EEGSA and the methodology transferred to EEGSA staff. A set of recommended followup activities was also presented to EEGSA.

  14. Incubating Innovation for Rural Electrification. Executive Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-07-01

    In June, the team held a workshop on ''Low Carbon Sustainable Rural Electrification'' in Salima, Malawi. Co-organized with the Government of Malawi's Department of Energy, this event gathered participants from the energy, telecom, non-profit, banking sectors as well as from governmental and international agencies to discuss the potential development of private led off-grid electrification in Malawi where only 9% of the population has currently access to electricity. A very active participation provided us with insightful feedback and valuable recommendations.

  15. Federated Rural Electric Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpA JumpGmbH EFCFBAInformationRural Electric Assn

  16. Glidden Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric Jump to:GerGlacialGlacialGlassGlidden Rural

  17. Illinois Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimen RiverScoringUtilitiesRenov veis doIdeemaSunIllinois Rural

  18. Rural Electric Conven Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report UrlNM-bRenewable Energy|GasRugby Wind Farm Jump to:WaterRural

  19. Alliance for Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYork Jump to: navigation, search Name: Alliance forRural

  20. Wells Rural Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company)Idaho)Vossloh KiepeWebel Micro PowerRural Electric Co

  1. TOP INCOMES IN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA OVER THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    TOP INCOMES IN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA OVER THE TWENTIETH CENTURY Emmanuel Saez University of California, Berkeley Abstract This paper presents top income shares series for the United States and Canada over the 20th century. In both countries, top income shares display a U-shaped pattern over the century

  2. Page 1 of 2 80.4 Managing Program Income Earned on Federally Funded Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Eui-Hyeok

    under an award, or license fees. Program income does not include the receipt of principal on loans of an award. Program income includes, but is not limited to, income from fees for services performed on federal awards, the sponsoring agency usually specifies in the award terms and conditions how the program

  3. Wireless Networks in Rural Areas: Challenges and Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    Wireless Networks in Rural Areas: Challenges and Solutions Shen Wan April 25, 2009 Abstract In this thesis proposal, we discuss the current limitations and chal- lenges in wireless networks, especially in rural, remote or areas with rough terrains. Although traditional wireless networking technologies have

  4. Development of a Potable WIM System for Rural Roadways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    and Computer Engineering University of Minnesota Duluth #12;Weigh-In-Motion (WIM) System · Measures static for Portable WIM · Heavy truck volume on rural roads increased due to higher demands on agricultural of overweight monitoring for rural roads ($20K/unit) #12;Weigh-Pad (WPad) Based Portable WIM #12;MnRoad Test

  5. Page 1 of 62 Redesigning Khardi Rural Piped Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damani, Om P.

    Page 1 of 62 Redesigning Khardi Rural Piped Water Network Scheme for Sustainability Authors: Varsha #12;Page 2 of 62 Table of Contents Redesigning Khardi Multi Village Rural Piped Water Scheme ..................................................................................................................12 2.1 Source, Raw Water Pumping and Treatment

  6. RURAL HEALTH OUTREACH PROGRAM (RHOP) 2012-2013 ANNUAL REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Haiying

    RURAL HEALTH OUTREACH PROGRAM (RHOP) 2012-2013 ANNUAL REPORT HIGHLIGHTS · Expanded RHOP position the following activities: 1. The RHOP was named 1 of the 5 outstanding university rural health initiatives in the country by NerdScholar 2. Responsible for hosting the 2012 Bi-national Health Care Symposium

  7. Tegola tiered mesh network testbed in rural Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernardi, Giacomo; Buneman, Peter; Marina, Mahesh

    2008-01-01

    Many rural and remote communities around the world see themselves on the wrong side of the digital divide. In particular, there is evidence to suggest that there is a growing digital divide between urban and rural areas in terms of broadband...

  8. Measuring availability of healthful foods in two rural Texas counties 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustillos, Brenda Diane

    2009-05-15

    A comprehensive in-store survey may capture the availability of healthful food alternatives in different store types in two rural counties. The purpose of this study was to: (1) compare the availability of healthful foods in two rural Texas counties...

  9. biogas for rural communities TD390 Supervised learning: Study report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    0 biogas for rural communities TD390 Supervised learning: Study report Vaibhav Nasery Roll No. 08D highly successful rural biogas models wherein biogas is produced and utilized as a cooking fuel by the villagers. The two models studied are the Community Biogas plant established by SUMUL Dairy at Bhintbudrak

  10. The relationship between verve and the academic achievement of African American and European American middle school students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawkins, Torrance N.

    2006-04-12

    between African American and European American students? 2. Is there a significant difference in verve levels of African American male and African American female students in middle school? 3. Is there a significant difference in the academic achievement...

  11. What Drives the Public Mood of Income Inequality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Rebekah M

    2014-08-13

    on Income Inequality Move Opinion? . . . 5 1.3.1 Presidential Agenda Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.3.2 Can the President Move Opinion? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.3.3 Strategic Presidential Rhetoric... Inequality Move Opinion? 1.3.1 Presidential Agenda Setting The president is elected with expectations that he will implement the policies he advocated for in his platform during his campaign. These issues have been strate- gically predetermined...

  12. The Embedded Economy and National Income Inequality: A Cross-National Analysis of Production Globalization and Labor Market Institutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Anthony J.

    2015-01-01

    Investment and Income Inequalit y: The Natural Experiment ofChristian Morrisson. 2002. "Inequality Among World Citizens:Institutions and Income Inequality." Economic Policy 56:

  13. Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, May 1, 1996--December 31, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, E.

    1996-02-01

    Developing commercial energy crops for power generation by the year 2000 is the focus of the DOE/USDA sponsored Biomass Power for Rural Development project. The New York based Salix Consortium project is a multi-partner endeavor, implemented in three stages. Phase-I, Final Design and Project Development, will conclude with the preparation of construction and/or operating permits, feedstock production plans, and contracts ready for signature. Field trials of willow (Salix) have been initiated at several locations in New York (Tully, Lockport, King Ferry, La Facette, Massena, and Himrod) and co-firing tests are underway at Greenidge Station (NYSEG). Phase-II of the project will focus on scale-up of willow crop acreage, construction of co-firing facilities at Dunkirk Station (NMPC), and final modifications for Greenidge Station. There will be testing of the energy crop as part of the gasification trials expected to occur at BED`s McNeill power station and potentially at one of GPU`s facilities. Phase-III will represent full-scale commercialization of the energy crop and power generation on a sustainable basis. Willow has been selected as the energy crop of choice for many reasons. Willow is well suited to the climate of the Northeastern United States, and initial field trials have demonstrated that the yields required for the success of the project are obtainable. Like other energy crops, willow has rural development benefits and could serve to diversify local crop production, provide new sources of income for participating growers, and create new jobs. Willow could be used to put a large base of idle acreage back into crop production. Additionally, the willow coppicing system integrates well with current farm operations and utilizes agricultural practices that are already familiar to farmers.

  14. Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African Workers and the Politics of Casualization in Africa’s Chinese Enclaves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Ching Kwan

    2009-01-01

    WP 2009-14 Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African WorkersCasualization in Africa’s Chinese Enclaves by Ching Kwan Leeapproval. Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African Workers

  15. The Position of Women on Rural Development Schemes in Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brain, James L.

    1975-01-01

    Status of \\'tm! n in Tanzania" canadian JournaZ of African~ PeopZes of Eastern Tanzania Ethnograpric Survey of Africaof court recxmls in Tanzania will show that a very 1aJ:9e

  16. The African honey bee: Factors contributing to a successful biological invasion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott Schneider, Stanley; DeGrandi-Hoffman, Gloria; Smith, Deborah R.

    2004-01-01

    The African honey bee subspecies Apis mellifera scutellata has colonized much of the Americas in less than 50 years and has largely replaced European bees throughout its range in the New World. The African bee therefore provides an excellent...

  17. An Autoethnographic Study: An African American Woman’s Perception of her Journey to the Principalship 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Shirley A

    2013-05-02

    The purpose of this qualitative autoethnographic study was to add to the research of African American female secondary principals. Most research in the field of education concerning women reflects women in general and is not specific to African...

  18. American racism and African diplomats: race and American Cold War policy in West Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oriabure, Stephannie Ebhota

    2001-01-01

    ramifications of the experiences of African diplomats in the United States during the Kennedy administration within both a national and international context. African encounters with American racism illustrate the interplay between foreign policy and domestic...

  19. Defining urban and rural regions by multifractal spectrums of urbanization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yanguang

    2015-01-01

    The spatial pattern of urban-rural regional system is associated with the dynamic process of urbanization. How to characterize the urban-rural terrain using quantitative measurement is a difficult problem remaining to be solved. This paper is devoted to defining urban and rural regions using ideas from fractals. A basic postulate is that human geographical systems are of self-similar patterns associated with recursive processes. Then multifractal geometry can be employed to describe or define the urban and rural terrain with the level of urbanization. A space-filling index of urban-rural region based on the generalized correlation dimension is presented to reflect the degree of geo-spatial utilization in terms of urbanization. The census data of America and China are adopted to show how to make empirical analyses of urban-rural multifractals. This work is not so much a positive analysis as a normative study, but it proposes a new way of investigating urban and rural regional systems using fractal theory.

  20. Migration and the Sending Economy: A Disaggregated Rural Economy Wide Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, J. Edward; Dyer, George

    2006-01-01

    collectively not only to maximize income, but also to loosenmaximize their utility from consumption goods, both home-produced and purchased, subject to cash income,

  1. Practical Considerations for Participatory Design with Rural School Children in Underdeveloped Regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canny, John

    such as the conservativeness of some rural communities. In this paper, our hypothesis is that rural school children1 Practical Considerations for Participatory Design with Rural School Children in Underdeveloped.sahni@gmail.com ABSTRACT This paper draws on a 2-week design workshop conducted at a rural primary school in northern India

  2. Land use and habitat gradients determine bird community diversity and abundance in suburban, rural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Land use and habitat gradients determine bird community diversity and abundance in suburban, rural, with reserves slightly below rural. Although reserves were like rural lands in diversity of bird communities bird communities, but differed in grassland and savanna bird communities. The extensive rural forests

  3. The Network in the Garden: An Empirical Analysis of Social Media in Rural Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karahalios, Karrie G.

    that rural communities have unique technological needs. Yet, we know little about how rural communities use. Information interfaces and presentation (e.g., HCI): Miscellaneous. INTRODUCTION Rural communities are famous, communities adapted the rural custom of "visiting" to it. Although a system of rings signaled an individual

  4. Improving Thermal Comfort in Low-income Tropical Housing: The Case of Uganda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hashemi, Arman; Cruickshank, Heather; Cheshmehzangi, Ali

    2015-01-01

    The average temperature in East African countries is estimated to rise by 3-4 °C during the next 70 years due the global warming. Uganda is one of the East African countries which will be greatly affected by the global warming. Due...

  5. Exploring Risk and Protective Factors Among African American Males in Alternative and General Education Settings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crossley, Tia Billy

    2012-02-14

    to African American males. African American Youth The African American community as a whole has experienced both racism and discrimination. Many African American youth have been vulnerable to academic problems. Adolescence tends to be marked... Youth Risk factors have been characterized as variables that increase the chances of maladaptive outcomes both emotionally and behaviorally (Gutman, Sameroff, & Eccles, 2002; Hanlon et al., 2004). They have been researched throughout the literature...

  6. Evaluating the income and employment impacts of gas cooling technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughes, P.J.; Laitner, S.

    1995-03-01

    The purpose of this study is to estimate the potential employment and income benefits of the emerging market for gas cooling products. The emphasis here is on exports because that is the major opportunity for the U.S. heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) industry. But domestic markets are also important and considered here because without a significant domestic market, it is unlikely that the plant investments, jobs, and income associated with gas cooling exports would be retained within the United States. The prospects for significant gas cooling exports appear promising for a variety of reasons. There is an expanding need for cooling in the developing world, natural gas is widely available, electric infrastructures are over-stressed in many areas, and the cost of building new gas infrastructure is modest compared to the cost of new electric infrastructure. Global gas cooling competition is currently limited, with Japanese and U.S. companies, and their foreign business partners, the only product sources. U.S. manufacturers of HVAC products are well positioned to compete globally, and are already one of the faster growing goods-exporting sectors of the U.S. economy. Net HVAC exports grew by over 800 percent from 1987 to 1992 and currently exceed $2.6 billion annually (ARI 1994). Net gas cooling job and income creation are estimated using an economic input-output model to compare a reference case to a gas cooling scenario. The reference case reflects current policies, practices, and trends with respect to conventional electric cooling technologies. The gas cooling scenario examines the impact of accelerated use of natural gas cooling technologies here and abroad.

  7. Holocene climate instability during the termination of the African Humid Period

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renssen, Hans

    Holocene climate instability during the termination of the African Humid Period H. Renssen January 2003; published 25 February 2003. [1] The termination of the Holocene African Humid Period ($9. Goosse, Holocene climate instability during the termination of the African Humid Period, Geophys. Res

  8. Juanita's Money Order: Income Effects on Human Capital Investment in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suarez, Juan Carlos; Avellaneda, Zenide

    2007-01-01

    Workers’ Remittances to Mexico,” Federal Reserve Bank ofEvidence from Rural Mexico,” Submitted to the Americanand Educational Attainment in Mexico,” NBER Working Paper.

  9. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    such as lumber, cacao, coconut,  banana, and African palm.  minerals,  fishing, coconut  Neoliberalism.  Reduced  role such as African palm, coconut, mining,  fishing, and 

  10. A structural analysis of natural gas consumption by income class from 1987 to 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poyer, D.A.

    1996-12-01

    This study had two major objectives: (1) assess and compare changes in natural gas consumption between 1987 and 1993 by income group and (2) assess the potential influence of energy policy on observed changes in natural gas consumption over time and across income groups. This analysis used U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) data files and involved both the generation of simple descriptive statistics and the use of multivariate regression analysis. The consumption of natural gas by the groups was studied over a six-year period. The results showed that: (1) natural gas use was substantially higher for the highest income group than for the two lower income groups and (2) natural gas consumption declined for the lowest and middle income quintiles and increased for the highest income quintile between 1987 and 1990; between 1990 and 1993, consumption increased for the lowest and middle income quintile, but remained relatively constant for the highest income quintile. The relative importance of the structural and variable factors in explaining consumption changes between survey periods varies by income group. The analysis provides two major energy policy implications: (1) natural gas intensity has been the highest for the lowest income group, indicating that this group is more vulnerable to sudden changes in demand-indicator variables, in particular weather-related variables, than increase natural gas consumption, and (2) the fall in natural gas intensity between 1987 and 1993 may indicate that energy policy has had some impact on reducing natural gas consumption. 11 refs., 4 figs., 16 tabs.

  11. Fuelwood Use by Rural Households in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcox-Moore, Kellie J.

    2010-07-14

    Fuelwood is an important source of domestic energy in rural regions of Brazil. In the Zona da Mata of Minas Gerais, native species from the Atlantic Forest are an important source of fuelwood, supplemented by wood from ...

  12. NEJC: "Rural Development: Access to Justice and Access to Opportunities"

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Description: This workshop will focus on understanding the programs of Rural Development (RD) and how a new generation of committed leaders and experts is needed to continue the contribution these...

  13. Rural students’ experiences at the Open University of Tanzania 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahai, Lulu Simon

    2014-07-04

    This ethnographic study has been undertaken to address a literature gap relating to rural students’ experiences of distance education in developing countries. It gives an account of teaching and learning practices at the ...

  14. VillageCell: Cost Effective Cellular Connectivity in Rural Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belding-Royer, Elizabeth M.

    of transportation infrastructure, high illiteracy levels, and migrant labor are some of the characteristics of rural communication tools, we con- ducted a survey of two villages in South Africa and Zambia. The specific villages

  15. Designing Robotic Artifacts: Rural School-Community Collaboration for Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Designing Robotic Artifacts: Rural School-Community Collaboration for Learning Claudia Urrea MIT of robotic artifacts and the use of other digital technologies can enhance student learning, while also artifact-be it a robot,

  16. Smart Meter Investments Support Rural Economy in Arkansas

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    customers in seven eastern Arkansas counties. The proportion of residents living in poverty in those counties is more than double the national average. As a member-owned rural...

  17. ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    energy products. The goal of this initiative is to enhance quality of life and reduce poverty in rural areas of that region by offering an alternative to current fossil fuel based...

  18. Fact #759: December 24, 2012 Rural vs. Urban Driving Differences

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    According to the National Household Travel Survey, those living in rural areas drive ten more miles in a day than those who live in cities. People living in the suburbs drive only about three to...

  19. Education For Empowerment and Social Action in Rural America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostendorf, David; Levitas, Daniel

    1987-04-01

    The purpose of this paper is to describe both the underlying assumptions and results of the educationaI efforts of one grassroots, community-based organization, Prairiefire Rural Action, Inc....

  20. Investigating Childhood Overweight and Obesity in Rural Settings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serrano, Katrina 1983-

    2012-12-01

    Children’s risk for overweight and obesity is particularly high in rural areas of the United States. Many health, psychosocial, and economic consequences are associated with childhood overweight and obesity, which concerns health researchers...

  1. Resources and Opportunities: 2015 Rural Utilities Study Under...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    the RUS team is visiting in 2015. Photo from Alaska Center for Energy and Power, NREL 33697. The Shugnak power plant is one of nearly 30 rural utilities the RUS team is...

  2. Making the national farmer : progressive educational reforms and transformation of rural society in the United States (1902-1918) and Japan (1920-1945)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabian, Rika

    2008-01-01

    ideas changed the rural community and farming practices inenvisioning the “new” rural communities and farmers, andthe organization of rural communities and absorption of the

  3. Community asset building in rural development : an analysis of military-base redevelopment in rural host communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, Lois A., 1961-

    2002-01-01

    This dissertation is about opportunities in rural development. Often we think of development as a function of location. In the pursuit of economic development, analysts and practitioners tend to consider the advantages--economic, ...

  4. Hope, Humor and Quality of Life in a Low Income Sample

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronan, Kathryn

    2009-04-23

    to meet goals will consequently be plagued by negative emotions or vice versa. The following study will assess hope as defined by hope theory: hope is a thought process that results in emotions. Hope theory portends that hopeful individuals are problem... higher income populations (Bassuk, et al., 1998; Everson et al., 2002; Weich & Lewis, 1998). A ? 4? ? recent study of 436 low income women with children compared the rates of PTSD, major depression, and substance abuse among the low income women to a...

  5. BC Hydro Brings Energy Savings to Low-Income Families in Canada...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the impact of rising electricity costs in Canada. ECAP provides qualified low-income BC Hydro residential account holders with a free home energy assessment; installation of...

  6. Effect of Income on Appliances in U.S. Households, The

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2004-01-01

    Entails how people live, the factors that cause the most differences in home lifestyle, including energy use in geographic location, socioeconomics and household income.

  7. California Solar Initiative- Low-Income Solar Water Heating Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) voted in October 2011 to create the California Solar Initiative (CSI) Thermal Low-Income program for single and multifamily residential properties....

  8. Forum on Enhancing the Delivery of Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Households: Discussion Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2012-09-20

    Summarizes discussions and recommendations from a forum for practitioners and policymakers aiming to strengthen residential energy efficiency program design and delivery for middle income households.

  9. Modelling the South African fresh fruit export supply chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vuuren, Jan H.

    Modelling the South African fresh fruit export supply chain Frank Gerald Ortmann Thesis presented university for a degree. Signature: Date: #12;#12;Abstract The process of modelling the fruit export, numerous aspects of the export process are considered in this thesis so as to be able to perform

  10. Modelling the South African fresh fruit export supply chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vuuren, Jan H.

    Modelling the South African fresh fruit export supply chain Frank Gerald Ortmann Thesis presented export infrastructure capacity of South Africa formed part of a larger project called the ``Fruit industry into perspective, numerous aspects of the export process are considered in this thesis so

  11. Two new Phytophthora species from South African Eucalyptus plantations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Two new Phytophthora species from South African Eucalyptus plantations Bongani MASEKOa, *, Treena I the cause of collar and root rot disease outbreaks of cold tolerant Eucalyptus species in South Africa and has a slower growth rate in culture. Both P. frigida and P. alti- cola are pathogenic to Eucalyptus

  12. Responses of African economies to the international economic shocks: an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -Var. Abstract The objective of this paper is first to verify the assumption of decoupling or no decoupling African economic conjunctures and international economic shocks. Our study has tested this assumption rate shocks and five to World price of oil shocks. Furthermore, we investigate the viability

  13. Surviving racism: African Nova Scotian women talk about the daily

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownstone, Rob

    Surviving racism: African Nova Scotian women talk about the daily racism they've experienced a discussion Wednesday as part of Dalhousie's Global Health Rounds. Titled "Surviving Racism and its Impact Scotia #12;does not still have a history of racism and I can assure you that that history is strong

  14. A Management Model of the Northwest African Cephalopod Fishery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Management Model of the Northwest African Cephalopod Fishery W. E. GRANT, W. L. GRIFFIN, and J. P MAURITANIA Nouakchott SENEGAL t::;--~--+-GA M BIA oCanary Islands t? ",(/ and Fisheries Sciences and W. L. Griffin and J. P. Warren are with the Department of Agricul- tural Economics

  15. "The College's African Studies Program has given me the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkle, Tom

    of African geography, culture and socio-political history, both here and in Africa. After completing my you envision Africa, what comes to mind? Exotic wildlife? Diverse cultures? Lush resources? What about take classes that survey the diverse cultures and politics of this continent, as well as its geography

  16. Low-income communities : technological strategies for nurturing community, empowerment and self-sufficiency at a low-income housing development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Bryant, Richard Louis, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    There are a number of historically familiar and unfamiliar forces at work in low-income communities in the United States. Recurrent forces include rapidly changing economic and demographic trends, Welfare Reform, and the ...

  17. On the last mile : the effects of telecommunications regulation and deregulation in the rural western United States and Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozak, Nadine Irène

    2010-01-01

    intimate view of rural communities and their residents thatFlora with Susan Fey. Rural Communities: Legacy and Change.to provide service to community members and rural residents?

  18. Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries Sandec #12;Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries Jonathan Rouse Introduction 7 2 Background 11 2.1 What is marketing? 11 2.2 Why is marketing important for compost producers

  19. The effects of capital on an income breeder: evidence from female Columbian ground squirrels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broussard, David

    The effects of capital on an income breeder: evidence from female Columbian ground squirrels David R. Broussard, F. Stephen Dobson, and J.O. Murie Abstract: To maximize fitness, organisms must and daily resource income on the reproductive investments of females. We predicted that because yearling fe

  20. Enabling energy efficiency for low-income housing in Developing countries using MIT Design Advisor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Zehra (Zehra Hyder)

    2009-01-01

    There is a great need to improve energy efficiency of low-income housing, since people who can afford it least have to pay a significant portion of their income to make their homes more habitable or else live with greater ...

  1. Introduction Physics Environmental Issues Social Justice Disasters Activity: Income Inequality How to Mathematize the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lega, Joceline

    Introduction Physics Environmental Issues Social Justice Disasters Activity: Income Inequality How Rincon High School University of Arizona 1/22/11 #12;Introduction Physics Environmental Issues Social Justice Disasters Activity: Income Inequality Outline Introduction Who are We? Why are We Here? Physics

  2. Public Management as Citizen Compliance: A Case Study of Income Tax Compliance Behavior in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandarasorn, Maneekwan

    2012-08-31

    countries including Thailand, where a personal income tax gap is at least 200 billion Baht ($6.7 billion) or 10% of the total revenue. The two major purposes of this study are 1) to explore citizens' perceptions of the Thai personal income tax system...

  3. Income and Beyond: Taking the Measure of Child Deprivation in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salzman, Daniel

    not captured by more standard income poverty and material hardship measures. The paper concludes of deprivation . Poverty. Income Child Ind Res DOI 10.1007/s12187-014-9246-6 R. Ciula Italian Revenue Agency in Poverty, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA e-mail: skinner@nccp.org Author's personal copy #12

  4. Saima Abbasi. Adaptation to Drought in Saskatchewan Rural Communities: A Case Study of Kindersley and Maidstone. Advisor: Suren Kulshreshtha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Saima Abbasi. Adaptation to Drought in Saskatchewan Rural Communities: A Case Study of Kindersley Planning in Rural Saskatchewan. Advsior: Jill Gunn. #12;#12;

  5. Governing Change: An Institutional Geography of Rural Land Use, Environmental Management, and Change in the North Coastal Basin of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Anne Garrity

    2010-01-01

    Rurality." Progress in Human Geography, 30, Hansen, A. J. ,Exurban' Sierra." cultural geographies, 10, 469-491. Waters,Change: An Institutional Geography of Rural Land Use,

  6. Sexualized and Dangerous Relationships: Listening to the Voices of Low-Income African American Girls Placed at Risk for Sexual Exploitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kruger, Ann Cale; Harper, Erin; Harris, Patricia; Sanders, DeShelle; Levin, Kerry; Meyers, Joel

    2013-01-01

    et al Sexualized and Dangerous Relationships like. ” [et al Sexualized and Dangerous Relationships disbelief:R esearch Sexualized and Dangerous Relationships: Listening

  7. College Dreams, Corporate Work Study, Brotherhood and Belonging: How urban Catholic high schools structure opportunity for low-income Latino and African American male youth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldana, Ursula

    2012-01-01

    York: Teachers College Press. Saldana, J. (2009). The Codingposition and school (Saldana, 2009). I then began formallywhat I wanted to be there (Saldana, 2009). In an effort to

  8. Sexualized and Dangerous Relationships: Listening to the Voices of Low-Income African American Girls Placed at Risk for Sexual Exploitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kruger, Ann Cale; Harper, Erin; Harris, Patricia; Sanders, DeShelle; Levin, Kerry; Meyers, Joel

    2013-01-01

    School Climate and Classroom Management, Georgia StateSchool Climate and Classroom Management, Atlanta, Georgia

  9. Towards a transdisciplinary approach to rural electrification planning for universal access in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borofsky, Yael

    2015-01-01

    Around 30% of India's roughly 1.2 billion people lack access to electricity, largely in rural areas. National and state rural electrification efforts are predominantly focused on grid extension, but interest in off-grid ...

  10. Policy Paper 46: Fuel and Famine: Rural Energy Crisis in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, James H.; von Hippel, David; Hayes, Peter

    2000-01-01

    and Famine: Rural Energy Crisis in the Democratic People’sof the DPRK’s rural energy crisis, and ex- plores theas follows: The DPRK’s energy crisis. The disastrous decline

  11. Trucking country : food politics and the transformation of rural life in Postwar America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Shane, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Trucking replaced railroads as the primary link between rural producers and urban consumers in the mid-twentieth century. With this technological change came a fundamental transformation of the defining features of rural ...

  12. Pollicy Reforms and the Gender Dynamics of Rural Mexico-to-U.S. Migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richter, Susan M.; Taylor, J. Edward

    2005-01-01

    is the focus of Mexico Migration Project (MMP) surveys (for female and male migration from rural Mexico to farm andfemale and male migration from rural Mexico to the U.S. it

  13. Table HC1-8a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Urban/Rural Location...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8a. Housing Unit Characteristics by UrbanRural Location, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total UrbanRural Location 1 RSE Row Factors...

  14. Comparisons of Access to, Cost of, and Quality of Health Care Between Rural and Urban Populations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Wei-Chen

    2013-12-06

    There are 46.2 million Americans (15% of total population) living in rural counties. Rural populations disproportionately suffer from inadequate access to, high cost of, and poor quality of health services compared to urban populations. Furthermore...

  15. Evaluation of rumble strips at rural stop-controlled intersections in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Tyrell D.

    2005-11-01

    Major safety concerns are present at rural high speed intersections. When long uninterrupted tangents are located near rural intersections, the drivers can become inattentive to upcoming decision points. Traffic control ...

  16. Table HC7-8a. Home Office Equipment by Urban/Rural Location...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8a. Home Office Equipment by UrbanRural Location, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Home Office Equipment RSE Column Factor: Total UrbanRural Location 1 RSE Row Factors City Town...

  17. Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dean, J.; VanGeet, O.; Simkus, S.; Eastment, M.

    2012-03-01

    This report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra low energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project. Affordable housing development authorities throughout the United States continually struggle to find the most cost-effective pathway to provide quality, durable, and sustainable housing. The challenge for these authorities is to achieve the mission of delivering affordable housing at the lowest cost per square foot in environments that may be rural, urban, suburban, or within a designated redevelopment district. With the challenges the U.S. faces regarding energy, the environmental impacts of consumer use of fossil fuels and the increased focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, housing authorities are pursuing the goal of constructing affordable, energy efficient and sustainable housing at the lowest life-cycle cost of ownership. This report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra-low-energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project. In addition to describing the results of the performance monitoring from the pilot project, this paper describes the recommended design process of (1) setting performance goals for energy efficiency and renewable energy on a life-cycle cost basis, (2) using an integrated, whole building design approach, and (3) incorporating systems-built housing, a green jobs training program, and renewable energy technologies into a replicable high performance, low-income housing project development model.

  18. Meeting the Need for Safe Drinking Water in Rural Mexico through Point-of-Use Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lang, Micah; Kaser, Forrest; Reygadas, Fermin; Nelson, Kara; Kammen, Daniel M.

    2006-01-01

    solar disinfection (SODIS), and UV disinfection are promising alternative approaches to meeting the urgent water quality needs of rural Mexico.

  19. Investigating the book-tax income gap : factors which affect the gap and details regarding its most significant component

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seidman, Jeri

    2008-01-01

    (cont.) In total, my thesis suggests that recent changes in the book-tax income gap may be exogenous and transitory, due to changes to the calculation of book income, general business conditions or other factors which ...

  20. Era Bell Thompson: Observations of an American Daughter on the American South and the African Congo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zacharias, Karenbeth Garvin

    2012-12-31

    ERA BELL THOMPSON: REFLECTIONS IN THE MIRROR OBSERVATIONS OF AN AMERICAN DAUGHTER ON THE AMERICAN SOUTH AND THE AFRICAN CONGO BY KARENBETH G. ZACHARIAS Submitted to the graduate degree program in History and the Graduate Faculty of the University... not have been possible but for the enormous support provided by the Department of History at the University of Kansas. In addition, I would like to thank the Departments of African and African American Studies and Humanities and Western Civilization...

  1. The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -) ) The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony Paper to be presented in rural South Africa, with a special focus on electricity and telephone access. The micro data we analyse of the historically disadvantaged "deep rural" areas. In parallel to a doubled electricity access, we find a 14-fold

  2. A quarterly publication of the Center for Rural Development Volume 4, No. 4,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    the research and expertise at Louisiana Tech University and rural communities with the overall goal (1) conducts research and policy analysis on issues of importance to rural Louisiana communities (2) engages Louisiana Tech faculty, staff, and students in research relevant to rural communities, and (3

  3. Avaaj Otalo --A Field Study of an Interactive Voice Forum for Small Farmers in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parikh, Tapan S.

    voice-based social me- dia serving rural communities in India and elsewhere. Author Keywords Voice user adopted by rural communities around the world. #12;Agricultural knowledge is highly time-sensitive and conAvaaj Otalo -- A Field Study of an Interactive Voice Forum for Small Farmers in Rural India Neil

  4. The Effect of Signal Expense and Dependability on Family Communication in Rural and Northern Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bunt, Andrea

    communication in rural communities within a developed country--in our case, Canada. Specifically, we investigate and connectivity. To foreshadow, our results show that families in the rural and Northern communities we studiedThe Effect of Signal Expense and Dependability on Family Communication in Rural and Northern Canada

  5. Designed for Work, but not from Here: Rural and Remote Perspectives on Networked Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in rural and remote communities. Our findings indicate that work in these areas increasingly dependsDesigned for Work, but not from Here: Rural and Remote Perspectives on Networked Technology Roberta enjoy full speed, always available, broadband access, those in rural and remote environments do

  6. Bridging the Rural/Urban Digital Divide Ph.D. Candidate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    repercussions on the future stability of rural communities will occur. The Internet can be a powerfulBridging the Rural/Urban Digital Divide Kofi Poku Ph.D. Candidate Richard P. Vlosky, Ph, and overall, Internet access rates for rural households now approximate those of households across the country

  7. Transport poverty meets the digital divide: accessibility and connectivity in rural communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Pete

    Transport poverty meets the digital divide: accessibility and connectivity in rural communities's, Aberdeen AB24 3UF, UK a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Transport technologies Rural communities Accessibility and connectivity a b s t r a c t Rural communities face a range of challenges associated

  8. A Market Based Strategy for Rural Development In Northwest Louisiana: Maximizing Opportunities Through

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in rural communities. The nature of the analysis methodology is such that during implementation phases, rural residents may be more likely to find suitable employment in their community. As is the caseA Market Based Strategy for Rural Development In Northwest Louisiana: Maximizing Opportunities

  9. Moving away from Erindi-roukambe: Transferability of a rural community-based co-design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    Moving away from Erindi-roukambe: Transferability of a rural community-based co-design Heike have fostered and enriched design decisions. Recognizing that indigenous rural communities our approach at three other rural sites, two in Namibia and one in East Malaysia. The communities

  10. A quarterly publication of the Center for Rural Development Volume 4, No. 3,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    the research and expertise at Louisiana Tech University and rural communities with the overall goal (1) conducts research and policy analysis on issues of importance to rural Louisiana communities (2) engages Louisiana Tech faculty, staff, and students in research relevant to rural communities, and (3

  11. A quarterly publication of the Louisiana Tech Rural Development Center Volume 5, No. 1, Fall 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    between Louisiana Tech and communities, the Center has a new website, on which you can find informationRural Louisiana A quarterly publication of the Louisiana Tech Rural Development Center Volume 5, No. 1, Fall 2010 Editor: Aaron K. Lusby Director, Asst. Professor Louisiana Tech Rural Development

  12. Freight logistics services for rural economies: User needs and future challenges Angela Cristina Marqui

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Pete

    Freight logistics services for rural economies: User needs and future challenges Angela Cristina requirements for logistics and transport services of small and micro rural businesses. This paper explores for the logistics requirements of rural businesses calls for intelligent software platforms that provide solutions

  13. How Important Is Economic Geography for Rural Non-agricultural Employment? Lessons from Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    How Important Is Economic Geography for Rural Non-agricultural Employment? Lessons from Brazil ERIK-agricultural employment prospects and earnings. Key words: Rural non-agricultural employment, economic geography, Latin to assess the importance of economic geography for rural non-agricultural employment. To reach a deeper

  14. Context Interchange Mediation for Semantic Interoperability and Dynamic Integration of Autonomous Information Sources in the Fixed Income Securities Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegel, Michael

    2003-02-10

    We examine semantic interoperability problems in the fixed income securities industry and propose a knowledge representation architecture for context interchange ...

  15. Black California Dreamin': The Crises of California's African-American Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woods, Clyde

    2012-01-01

    out to black workers as the Kaiser Shipyards did Bay Areato work in the shipyards surrounding San Francisco Bay inexamine African-American shipyard workers, they primarily

  16. Determinants of SNAP Participation: Employing a Structural Vulnerability of Poverty Framework to Examine SNAP Participation Among Low-Income Heads of Households

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Gina L

    2015-01-01

    Among  Low-­?Income   Heads  of  Households.  Association  Participation Among Low-Income Heads of Households By GinaRecession among elderly low-income heads of households. The

  17. An analysis of selected indicators of levels of living for farm families and rural non-farm families in an East Texas low income area 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Earley, Herbert R

    1961-01-01

    adds greatly to the total nonfarn empl~. Thio Horthcast, Tonne seeMm, hcvsver, has bosn heavQF over-cut, rosul~4 in a drastic reducddua in yroductivitg in the lest 20 @euro. Snail caner ships end widcdg scattered tracts sra 'lyyioa1 of the ares...

  18. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    In an attempt to  maximize income, small scale producers, players  could play to maximize income, subject to the where fishers tried  to maximize their income without any 

  19. Matrix to Identify Candidate Rural Transit Livability Measures Performance Measure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to transit operating cost Increase local support for transit service as an essential service for residents boardings per capita Increase the number of unlinked transit trips per capita as an indication of transit per capita Increase the livability of a rural area by increasing the proportion of commute trips

  20. Cooperative Microgrid Networks for Remote and Rural Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundur, Deepa

    Cooperative Microgrid Networks for Remote and Rural Areas Eman Hammad, Abdallah Farraj, Deepa: {ehammad, abdallah, dkundur}@ece.utoronto.ca Abstract--Microgrids (MGs) with renewable energy resources cooperation gains for the microgrid network after implementing the proposed algorithm. I. INTRODUCTION

  1. Building an Information Ecosystem for Public Transport in Rural Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Pete

    Building an Information Ecosystem for Public Transport in Rural Areas Peter Edwards, David Corsar, to con- struct an information ecosystem upon which a range of ap- plications and services can be built.beecroft,jeff.z.pan,yaji.sripada}@abdn.ac.uk ABSTRACT Passenger information systems (PISs) providing real-time information are valuable tools for public

  2. Publications on Rural Poverty and Development Peer-Reviewed Articles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Publications on Rural Poverty and Development Peer-Reviewed Articles Davis J., López-Carr D. (2014. Davis (2010).Population, Poverty, Environment, and Climate Dynamics in the Developing World roads: Land tenure, poverty, and politics on the Guatemalan frontier. Geoforum. 37(1): 94-103. Book

  3. PV SOLAR RESOURCE GUIDE FOR RURAL DISTRIBUTORS IN TN Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, John F.

    April 2013 Asa Roy PV SOLAR RESOURCE GUIDE FOR RURAL DISTRIBUTORS IN TN #12;1 Introduction experience with solar power. Research and interviews with the Tennessee's Green Power Providers Program, Green Power Providers Coordinators at several urban distributors, and solar installers in Tennessee

  4. Threatened groundwater resources in rural India : an example of monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Threatened groundwater resources in rural India : an example of monitoring J. C. MARECHAL A,D , S.marechal@brgm.fr (corresponding author) B National Geophysical Research Institute, Indo-French Centre for Groundwater Research-French Centre for Groundwater Research, National Geophysical Research Institute, Uppal Road, 500 007 Hyderabad

  5. African American Student Athletes at Predominately White Institutions and Motivational Factors That Influence Graduate and Professional Degrees 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Michael E

    2015-01-22

    This study highlights African American male student athletes at PWI’s, and their motivational factors that influenced persistence into graduate school. The following research questions guided this study: (a) How do African ...

  6. The Motivators that Contribute to the Migration of African American Educators from Suburban School Districts to Urban School Districts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGary, Ostrova Dewayne

    2012-07-16

    district as an institution is not responsible or accountable for the African American educators migration, it can provide systems of support and initiatives for African America educators to assist them in overcoming the motivators inside of the school walls...

  7. Weight-related Beliefs, Behaviors, and Social Networks of Obese, Young Adult African- American Women: Implications for Healthy Weight Interventions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Brandy 1982-

    2012-12-10

    Obesity is a public health concern that affects over 30% of Americans. Approximately 78% of African-American women are overweight/obese, as compared to 46% of Caucasian women. Obese African-American women are at higher ...

  8. Urban settlement design, Seoul, Korea : a comparative study for low-income housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Je, Hae-Seong

    1982-01-01

    The study proposes an alternative design approach for urban dwelling environments of the low-income sectors in Seoul, Korea, based upon a comparative evaluation of the physical and socio-economic performance of the existing ...

  9. Displacement, politics and governance : access to low-income housing in a Beirut suburb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bou Akar, Hiba

    2005-01-01

    Lebanon witnessed large-scale phases of internal displacement during and after its civil war (1975-1990). This study analyzes access to low-income housing for a Lebanese Shiites group which has already experienced two ...

  10. The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit : HERA, ARRA and beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korb, Jason (Jason Bryan Patricof)

    2009-01-01

    The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) has arguably been the most successful government subsidy to finance affordable housing. Since its creation in the Tax Reform Act of 1986 as Internal Revenue Code (IRC) Section 42, ...

  11. An alternative approach for low income housing in Algeria : housing cooperative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khellaf, Assia

    1983-01-01

    The population which suffers most directly from deficit in housing, in developing countries are the low income populations. Why has the problem been allowed to develop, and why have solutions been not forthcoming? There ...

  12. Investigation of an empirical methodology for linking value of time with census tract median income 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stockton, William Radney

    2009-05-15

    This research examines a new methodology for prospectively estimating the willingness of travelers to use a toll road by combining travel time saved with the income of the prospective customer base. The purpose of the ...

  13. Projecting net incomes for Texas crop producers: an application of probabilistic forecasting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eggerman, Christopher Ryan

    2006-10-30

    Agricultural policy changes directly affect the economic viability of Texas crop producers because government payments make up a significant portion of their net farm income (NFI). NFI projections benefit producers, ...

  14. Identifying Predictors of Instrumental and Reactive Aggression Among Low-Income Minority Adolescent Girls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williford, Anne; DePaolis, Kathryn J.

    2012-01-01

    Research on both the forms and functions of aggression has yet to include the experiences of low-income minority adolescent girls, particularly Latinas. The present study addresses this limitation by applying ecological systems theory to identify...

  15. A decision support system for income-producing real estate development feasibility analysis and alternative assessment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leelarasamee, Yosaporn

    2005-08-29

    The purpose of this study is to design, develop, and evaluate a prototype scenarioassisted decision support system (DSS) for use in venture and alternative assessment during the predevelopment stage of income-producing real estate development...

  16. Retirement Income Plan (Basic Plan) Salary Reduction Agreement Catch-up Contribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmons, Scott

    Retirement Income Plan (Basic Plan) Salary Reduction Agreement Catch-up Contribution IRS-up contribution limit. Option 1: Maximize My Catch-up Contributions on either a pre-tax or after-tax Roth Basis I

  17. The Role of Acculturation in Nutrition Behaviors among Low Income Hispanic Women Living in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atehortua, Nelson

    2012-10-19

    The purpose of this study was to determine the role of acculturation in the food consumption patterns of low income Hispanic women living in Texas and enrolled in the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Program by testing ...

  18. Low-income communities in World Heritage Cities : revitalizing neighborhoods in Tunis and Quito

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, T. Luke, 1972-

    2000-01-01

    Since the 1970s, international preservation and funding agencies have promoted revitalization projects in developing countries aiming to, among other things, benefit low-income communities. For the most part, these projects ...

  19. Incoming Students Compiled 21.1.2015 12:12:46 by Document Globe 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Incoming Students Compiled 21.1.2015 12:12:46 by Document Globe ® 1 A period of study at Charles (the cotutelle system), and Erasmus Mundus II international programmes. #12;Compiled 21.1.2015 12

  20. Unaffordable fare : the cost of public transportation for low-income commuters working at three airports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nadeau, Carey Anne

    2015-01-01

    For airport employers, making sure the many low-income people they employ as baggage handlers and retail salespeople, amongst others, can get to work ensures the continued efficient operations of the airport and the ...

  1. Low income housing tax credit properties : non-profit disposition strategies in the Commonwealth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lew-Hailer, Lillian

    2007-01-01

    This thesis examines how non-profit owners in Massachusetts have maintained affordability and ownership of Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) properties after the initial fifteen-year compliance period, at the lowest ...

  2. Global economic changes and income inequality: a test of four competing models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Theresa Marie

    1996-01-01

    This study examines the capacity of modernization theory, dependency theory, world system theory, and political democracy theory to explain the determinants of income inequality in less developed countries. The study further ...

  3. Causes, effects, and implications of subletting : experiences from low-income neighborhoods in Third World cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Susan Ruth

    1987-01-01

    In recent years increasing numbers of low-income families in Third World cities have found it necessary to share housing accommodation. Those with access to land may be unable to afford to build their house or to pay the ...

  4. Walkability, transit access, and traffic exposure for low-income residents with subsidized housing.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houston, Douglas; Basolo, Victoria; Yang, Dongwoo

    2013-01-01

    status of HOPE VI public housing residents. J Health Care1):7---20. 20. Mixed-Income Housing Near Transit; Increasingneighborhood conditions of housing voucher holders by race

  5. Community transportation : alternative transportation provision in a low-income neighborhoods in southeast Atlanta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, James W., 1977-

    2004-01-01

    Regional transit agencies are ineffective at meeting many of the basic transportation needs of a clustered "Study Area" of low-income Atlanta neighborhoods. For transit dependant residents in the Study Area, getting to the ...

  6. Equitable economic energy efficiency : creating good jobs in low-income efficiency programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarin, Amit

    2009-01-01

    Energy efficiency is an important consideration in energy policy-making. So, a federal program aimed at funding "energy efficiency retrofits" for low-income households could be an important step in increasing the overall ...

  7. UCSB Annual Income Tax Information Return Contacts To request missing forms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -877-467-3821 with additional questions. Nonresident Aliens o IRS Form 1042-S, Foreign Person's U.S. Source Income Subject Nonresident Aliens o California Form 592-B, Report of Tax Withheld at Source on Nonresidents

  8. Income generation through zakat : the Islamization impact on Malaysian religious institution 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarif, Suhaili

    2014-07-03

    The aim of this thesis is to examine how the Islamization phenomenon has influenced zakat. The study shows that the distribution of the fund for income generation is a manifestation of the impact of Islamization on the ...

  9. The forgotten class : reconceptualizing contemporary middle-income housing in New York City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milchman, Karina (Karina Faye)

    2013-01-01

    New York City's costly real estate poses housing affordability challenges for not only low- or even moderate-income households, but also for the so-called "middle class." Because New York is predominantly a renter's market, ...

  10. Plan and Investment Notice JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY 403(B) PLAN & JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY INCOME DEFERRAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Plan and Investment Notice JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY 403(B) PLAN & JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY INCOME employer's plan which includes: · JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY 403(B) PLAN ­ Plan ID 103250 ·­ ­ Plan ID 103

  11. Low-income energy assistance programs: a profile of need and policy options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-07-01

    This second report of the Fuel Oil Marketing Advisory Committee (FOMAC) of DOE is twofold: to update information on the energy needs of low-income persons and governmental response to such needs; and to emphasize the need for energy-conservation programs that may alleviate the enormous financial burden placed on low-income people by rising energy prices. FOMAC has continued to develop further and refine its initial energy-conservation recommendations. Mainly, the updated assessment document finds that the poor will expend at least 35% of their income directly on energy and will spend at least 21% of their income on household energy. Other economic impacts of rising energy costs on low-income groups are summarized. Appropriations and stipulations by Congress to aid the lo-income people are reviewed. After careful review of various program designs, FOMAC continues to support the income indexing/vendor line of credit approach. This design provides assistance to elgible households based on: energy needed, cost of fuel, and percentage of income. The cost of implementing the FOMAC design nationally would, according to estimates, range from $3.5 to $4.6 billion for the 1980-1981 winter heating season. A figure of $1.6 to $2.2 billion is being discussed in the Congress. Meeting the ongoing energy needs of the poor will require a coherent national policy which consists of aid in paying energy bills and aid in the poor's effort to conserve energy. The report seeks to promote such policies. Needs assessment, government response, FOMAC model, comments on the programs, projected cost of 1980-1981 Energy Assistance Program, need for conservation programs, and program financing are discussed.

  12. Final Report: African Power/Energy and Environmental Development Plan, July 1, 1994 - August 21, 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, John M.

    1999-08-21

    In 1994 AEF signed a Cooperative Agreement with DOE to address a program called the African Power /Energy and Environmental Development Plan. The Program initially addressed five area: (1) Historical Black Colleges and Universities Energy/Environmental Program; (2) The Department of Energy and United States Private Industry Africa Program; (3) The Annual United States Energy Study Tour; (4) South African Training Program, and (5) South African Environmental Program. The programs were implemented in conjunction with DOE, institutions, agencies and the private sector support in the USA and within African nations. AEF has worked with government and technical representatives from 13 African nations and expanded the program to address sponsorship of South African students in Historical Black Colleges and Universities, supporting DOE trade missions through participation and planning, and giving presentations in the U.S., and Africa regarding business opportunities in the African energy sector. The programs implemented have also opened doors for the US private sector to seek business opportunities in Africa and for African nations to gain exposure to US products and services.

  13. Traffic restrictions associated with the Sino-African summit: Reductions of NOx detected from space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boersma, Folkert

    Traffic restrictions associated with the Sino-African summit: Reductions of NOx detected from space restrictions associated with the Sino-African summit: Reductions of NOx detected from space, Geophys. Res. Lett show in what follows that a reduction in NOx emissions was in fact observed by the Ozone Monitoring

  14. Proportionally more deleterious genetic variation in European than in African populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nielsen, Rasmus

    LETTERS Proportionally more deleterious genetic variation in European than in African populations with previous work showing higher overall levels of nucleotide variation in African populations than than AAs do. For SNPs segregating only in one population or the other, the proportion of non

  15. The Missionary Movement in African and World History: Mission Sources and Religious Encounter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, David

    2015-06-03

     reconstructing  social  differentiation  in  African  societies,  particularly  in  revealing  indigenous  African  criticism  of  ‘custom’.       I  The  first  Dixie  Professor  of  Ecclesiastical  History  was...  cultures.11    My  own  research  has  sought  to  expand  the  notion  of  missionary  encounter  in  Africa.      First,  I  have  tended  to  work  on  missionary  movements  within  radical...

  16. Responses of African economies to the international economic shocks: an empirical study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of this study is first, to verify the assumption of decoupling or no decoupling of African economic conjunctures and international economic shocks. We test this assumption in 15 African countries using a SVAR model for the period capita shocks, six to Federal funds effective rate shocks and five to World price of oil shocks

  17. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 26 JANUARY 2015 | DOI: 10.1038/NGEO2329 The time-transgressive termination of the African

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fay, Noah

    -transgressive termination of the African Humid Period Timothy M. Shanahan1 *, Nicholas P. McKay2 , Konrad A. Hughen3 of the African monsoon. Hydrologic reconstructions from arid North Africa show an abrupt onset and termination of hydrologic reconstructions from across Africa shows that the termination of the African Humid Period

  18. Voices of Four African American Female Clergy and Their Perceptions of Gender, Equity, and Leadership Styles in the African American Urban Church 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ogletree, Evelyn 1954-

    2012-11-30

    pastors for a span of four decades. This dissertation shares the challenges, barriers, and support to female pastors. This study examined personal characteristics, acts of leadership, and acts of negotiating the system within the African American church...

  19. Paid Rural Interprofessional Health Preceptorships The University of Illinois National Center for Rural Health Professions (NCRHP) located at UIC's College of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alford, Simon

    for Rural Health Professions (NCRHP) located at UIC's College of Medicine in Rockford is pleased to announce the offering of three PAID Rural Interprofessional Health Professions Preceptorships again this summer. Please in a graduate or professional level health professions program. Minimum qualifications are students who

  20. Human alteration of the rural landscape: Variations in visual perception

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cloquell-Ballester, Vicente-Agustin Carmen Torres-Sibille, Ana del; Cloquell-Ballester, Victor-Andres; Santamarina-Siurana, Maria Cristina

    2012-01-15

    The objective of this investigation is to evaluate how visual perception varies as the rural landscape is altered by human interventions of varying character. An experiment is carried out using Semantic Differential Analysis to analyse the effect of the character and the type of the intervention on perception. Interventions are divided into elements of 'permanent industrial character', 'elements of permanent rural character' and 'elements of temporary character', and these categories are sub-divided into smaller groups according to the type of development. To increase the reliability of the results, the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient tool, is applied to validate the semantic space of the perceptual responses and to determine the number of subjects required for a reliable evaluation of the scenes.

  1. Extension work in Home Economics for Rural Women. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Mrs. Nat P.

    1916-01-01

    and Rural Women C L A R E N C E O U S L E Y Direc tor o... f Extens ion Service , Col lege Station, T e x a s EXTENSION W O R K IN HOME ECONOM- ICS FOR RURAL W O M E N . B y Mrs. Nat P. Jackson, Organizer Rura l W o m e n , Extens ion Service , Agr i cu l tura l and Mechanica l Col lege o f Texas . One...

  2. Interest grows in African oil and gas opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knott, D.

    1997-05-12

    As African countries continue a slow drift towards democratic government and market economics, the continent is increasingly attractive to international oil and gas companies. Though Africa remains politically diverse, and its volatile politics remains a major barrier to petroleum companies, a number of recent developments reflect its growing significance for the industry. Among recent projects and events reflecting changes in Africa: oil and gas exporter Algeria has invited foreign oil companies to help develop major gas discoveries, with a view to boosting exports to Europe; oil and gas producer Egypt invited foreign companies to explore in the Nile Delta region, and the result appears to be a flowering world scale gas play; west African offshore exploration has entered deep water and new areas, and a number of major projects are expected in years to come; Nigeria`s reputation as a difficult place to operate has been justified by recent political and civil events, but a long-planned liquefied natural gas (LNG) export plant is being built there; South Africa, which has returned to the international scene after years of trade isolation because of apartheid, is emerging as a potential driver for energy industry schemes throughout the continent. Activities are discussed.

  3. Property:PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration Jump to: navigation, search Property Name

  4. African Dust Influence on Atlantic Hurricane Activity and the Peculiar Behaviour of Category 5 Hurricanes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera, Victor M Velasco; H., Graciela Velasco; Gonzalez, Laura Luna

    2010-01-01

    We study the specific influence of African dust on each one of the categories of Atlantic hurricanes. By applying wavelet analysis, we find a strong decadal modulation of African dust on Category 5 hurricanes and an annual modulation on all other categories of hurricanes. We identify the formation of Category 5 hurricanes occurring mainly around the decadal minimum variation of African dust and in deep water areas of the Atlantic Ocean, where hurricane eyes have the lowest pressure. According to our results, future tropical cyclones will not evolve to Category 5 until the next decadal minimum that is, by the year 2015 +/- 2.

  5. Community-Based Electric Micro-Grids Can Contribute to Rural Development: Evidence from Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Arne

    -based electricity project in rural Ken- ya. Empirical research on group-based micro-grids is also rele- vant in view

  6. USDA Seeks Applications for Grants to Assist Rural Communities with Extremely High Energy Costs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Applications are due July 30, 2012, for USDA Rural Development grants to assist communities where expenditures for home energy exceed 275% of the national average.

  7. Factors associated with compliance among users of solar water disinfection in rural Bolivia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Concern International (PCI), implemented the campaign.PCI was well known in the study communities from prior work,SODIS in rural Bolivia. PCI introduced SODIS during an

  8. Migration and the Sending Economy: A Disaggregated Rural Economy Wide Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, J. Edward; Dyer, George

    2006-01-01

    1987. "Undocuented Mexico-US Migration and the Returns toof International Migration from Western Mexico. Berkeley andinternational migration in rural Mexico. Simulation findings

  9. Cross-Cultural Age Ascription between Muslim and Santal Communities in Rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uddin, Emaj Ph.D.

    2010-01-01

    in rural ecological system of Bangladesh. 6. REFERENCESSociety and Culture in Bangladesh. Dhaka: Book House. Alam,Z. M. Family Values. Dhaka: Bangladesh Cooperative Society

  10. Cross-Cultural Comparison of Marriage Relationship between Muslim and Santal Communities in Rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uddin, Md. Emaj

    2009-01-01

    Bulletin. World Bank Bangladesh: A Proposal for RuralVillage Women of Bangladesh: Prospects of Change. New York:Society and Culture in Bangladesh. Dhaka: Book House. Alam.

  11. Articulating Race, Geography, and Nostalgia in Rural Localities of the Potomac River

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartzman, Gabriel

    2013-01-01

    Articulating Race, Geography, and Nostalgia This new type ofArticulating Race, Geography, and NostalgiaARTICULATING RACE, GEOGRAPHY, AND NOSTALGIA IN RURAL

  12. The response of world energy and oil demand to income growth and changes in oil prices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dargay, J. [Oxford Univ. (United Kingdom). Transport Studies Unit; Gately, D. [New York Univ., NY (United States). Economics Dept.

    1995-11-01

    This paper reviews the path of world oil demand over the past three decades, and the effects of both the oil price increases of the 1970s and the oil price decreases of the 1980s. Compared with demand in the industrialized countries, demand in the Less Developed Countries (LDC) has been more responsive to income growth, less responsive to price increases, and more responsive to price decreases. The LDC has also exhibited much greater heterogeneity in income growth and is effect on demand. The authors expect a smaller demand response to future price increases than to those of the 1970s. The demand response to future income growth will be not substantially smaller than in the past. Finally, given the prospect of growing dependence on OPEC oil, in the event of a major disruption the lessened price-responsiveness of demand could cause dramatic price increases and serious macroeconomic effects.

  13. Twisted X-rays: incoming waveforms yielding discrete diffraction patterns for helical structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friesecke, Gero; Jüstel, Dominik

    2015-01-01

    Conventional X-ray methods use incoming plane waves and result in discrete diffraction patterns when scattered at crystals. Here we find, by a systematic method, incoming waveforms which exhibit discrete diffraction patterns when scattered at helical structures. As examples we present simulated diffraction patterns of carbon nanotubes and tobacco mosaic virus. The new incoming waveforms, which we call twisted waves due to their geometric shape, are found theoretically as closed-form solutions to Maxwell's equations. The theory of the ensuing diffraction patterns is developed in detail. A twisted analogue of the Von Laue condition is seen to hold, with the peak locations encoding the symmetry and the helix parameters, and the peak intensities indicating the electronic structure in the unit cell. If suitable twisted X-ray sources can in the future be realized experimentally, it appears from our mathematical results that they will provide a powerful tool for directly determining the detailed atomic structure of ...

  14. Impact of the FY 2009 Building Technologies Program on United States Employment and Earned Income

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Livingston, Olga V.; Scott, Michael J.; Hostick, Donna J.; Dirks, James A.; Cort, Katherine A.

    2008-06-17

    The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of subprograms on national employment and income. A special purpose input-output model called ImSET is used in this study of 14 Building Technologies Program subprograms in the EERE final FY 2009 budget request to the Office of Management and Budget in February 2008. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and earned income are reported by subprogram for selected years to the year 2025. Energy savings and investments from these subprograms have the potential of creating a total of 258,000 jobs and about $3.7 billion in earned income (2007$) by the year 2025.

  15. Low-income energy policy in a restructuring electricity industry: an assessment of federal options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baxter, L.W.

    1997-07-01

    This report identifies both the low-income energy services historically provided in the electricity industry and those services that may be affected by industry restructuring. It identifies policies that are being proposed or could be developed to address low- income electricity services in a restructured industry. It discusses potential federal policy options and identifies key policy and implementation issues that arise when considering these potential federal initiatives. To understand recent policy development at the state level, we reviewed restructuring proposals from eight states and the accompanying testimony and comments filed in restructuring proceedings in these states.

  16. Successful African American students in two-way immersion programs: parent and student perceptions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boone, Sonia Kay

    2009-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to examine perceptions of possible factors that lead to academic success for African American children who participated in two-way immersion programs. In order to examine the perceptions, the ...

  17. A metallurgical study of West African iron monies from Cameroon and Liberia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papakirillou, Ismini

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to make a contribution to the study of West African iron monies through examination and analysis of a group of these objects in the collection of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology ...

  18. Strategic management of innovation and entrepreneurial framework applied to the South African nanotechnology flagship projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hillie, Kenneth Thembela

    2012-01-01

    This study considers four South African nanotechnology flagship projects and evaluates them using the Strategic Management of Innovation and entrepreneurial framework. The flagship projects span a variety of focus areas ...

  19. African American citizen soldiers in Galveston and San Antonio, Texas, 1880-1906 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blair, John Patrick

    2009-05-15

    The Texas Volunteer Guard, created by the Militia Law of 1879, continued to allow African Americans to serve as citizen soldiers. From 1880 to 1906 over six hundred black men faithfully served in the various state militia ...

  20. Alone in the profession of arms: America's first three African American West Point graduates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, Jeremy Wayne

    2009-05-15

    Following Emancipation, many African Americans came to view military service as a crucial step toward the greater acceptance of blacks into American society and, potentially, toward complete citizenship. Military service ...

  1. Examining the therapeutic compliment with African-Americans: a counseling technique to improve the working alliance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duncan, Bryan Thomas

    2009-05-15

    . In this study, the therapeutic compliment is defined, discussed, and compared with other therapeutic interventions to find its usefulness in therapy and its ability to impact the working alliance. 120 African-Americans from a large southwestern university and a...

  2. Post-liberation Politics: African Perspectives Examining the political legacy of struggle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorman, Sara Rich

    2006-05-08

    This article examines the politics of African states in which insurgencies or liberation movements have taken control of the government. It examines the impact on governance of reforms introduced by these post-liberation ...

  3. Identification of Trypanosome Proteins in Plasma from African Sleeping Sickness Patients Infected with T. b. rhodesiense

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eyford, Brett A.

    Control of human African sleeping sickness, caused by subspecies of the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei, is based on preventing transmission by elimination of the tsetse vector and by active diagnostic screening and ...

  4. Bull-switching in African Bovid Herds: Assessing Best Practices for Breeding Management in Waterbuck 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Renee Crystal Michelle

    2011-10-21

    To implement sustainable ex-situ management of big ungulate herds such as African Waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus), one strategy is to place a vasectomized male with females during the sub-optimal season for breeding and ...

  5. Rape Victimization and High Risk Sexual Behaviors: A Longitudinal Study of African-American Adolescent Females

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Date violence and date rape among adolescents: Associations31. Wingood GM, DiClemente RJ. Rape among African-Americanand white American women’s rape. J Social Issues. 1992;48:

  6. Estimated impacts of soil degradation on the African water balance and climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feddema, Johannes J.

    1998-01-01

    This study uses a well-established water balance methodology, the Thornthwaite-Mather approach, to evaluate the effects of soil water holding capacity assumptions on estimates of African evapotranspiration rates, moisture deficit, and moisture...

  7. Abundance and Distribution of Africanized Honey Bees in an Urban Environments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Szu-Hung

    2013-01-18

    found in Tucson, AZ. since 1993. It is important to understand the population ecology of AHB for several reasons. Most directly, the behavioral traits retained from African bees present public safety and health risk. AHB are easily agitated; even...

  8. African American Women in Appalachia: Personal Expressions of Race, Place and Gender 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbour-Payne, Yunina Carol

    2014-06-04

    African American women in Appalachia have lived, survived and long been overlooked by dominant narratives that support stereotypical depictions of the Appalachian region and its inhabitants. A little over twenty years ago, ...

  9. African-American fathers’ perspectives on their children’s health education: a qualitative, exploratory study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odum, Mary; Smith, Matthew Lee; McKyer, E. Lisako J.

    2014-12-08

    Purpose: To investigate African-American fathers’ (AAF) perceptions regarding the applicability and need for their involvement as a health connection for their children and describe how participating fathers’ behavior was ...

  10. Studies into host macrophage transcriptional control by the African Swine Fever Virus protein A238L 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silk, Rhiannon Nicola

    2010-01-01

    African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a large double-stranded DNA virus which causes a lethal haemorrhagic fever in domestic pigs. This virus primarily infects cells from the monocyte/macrophage lineage and its ability to ...

  11. Structure of an African city : study of Ibadan, Nigeria : city structure and morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Stephan L. (Stephan Lane), 1971-

    1998-01-01

    The study of Ibadan, Nigeria was conducted to analyze how Colonization has altered, or not altered the structure of the traditional African city form of this Yoruba town. The study encompasses structural city form elements ...

  12. The Leadership Perspectives of African American Males after Participation in a Leadership Development Program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preston, Tammie M

    2014-10-14

    This study investigated the perceptions of African American undergraduate males who attend a predominately White institution in the southwest as they concern leadership after participation in a leadership development program and the influence...

  13. High School Dropout: Perceptions and Voices of African American and Hispanic Students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Wanda

    2011-08-08

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of African American and Hispanic students who dropped out of school while exploring their schooling experiences and the factors they believe contributed to their decision to drop out...

  14. Reclaimed genealogies: reconsidering the ancestor figure in African American women writers’ neo-slave narratives 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milatovic, Maja

    2014-11-25

    This thesis examines the ancestor figure in African American women writers’ neoslave narratives. Drawing on black feminist, critical race and whiteness studies and trauma theory, the thesis closely reads neo-slave ...

  15. NCRHP presents at the NRHA Several faculty and staff from the National Center for Rural Health Professions (NCRHP) presented at the National

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alford, Simon

    Professions (NCRHP) presented at the National Rural Health Association (NRHA) conference this week. ¡Éxito! Preparing Latino Youth for Health Professions." In National Rural Health Association Multiracial

  16. Deforestation and Rural Society in the Nepalese Terai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regmi, Rishikeshab Raj

    1987-01-01

    ~encouraged huge numbers of rural mounlain and hill people 10 migrate into the Terai plain. 1lle innux inlO the Terai was a result of both the government's resettlement's programmes and illegal encroachment. The construction of the East-West highway and its... . and Uprety, L. 1991 Vayda, A.P. 1981 "Human Impacton SomeForeslSofMiddleHiIIsof Nepal". Parts 1-4. Forestry in the ConteXl of the Traditional Resources of the State. Mountain Researeh and Development Forest Conseryation in Nepal: Encouraging WOml...

  17. Rural Electrification in India: Economic and Industrial Aspects of Renewables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cust, J.; Singh, Anoop; Neuhoff, Karsten

    ). Our fieldwork finds the estimated cost per unit between Rs.6 and Rs.8 for existing biomass plants in rural areas. 2.3.2 Small Hydro  Small run-of-river hydro has enjoyed modest success in many locations across India (Gunaratne 2002; IEA 2002) as a... (RGGVY 2006). The criteria upon which SEBs identify these ‘remote’ villages is largely based on physical constraints such as hard-to-reach locations, rather than an optimization of the economically appropriate mix between grid and off-grid solutions...

  18. Proyecto de Energias Renovables en Mercados Rurales | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration Jump to:SpatialResolutionWidth (m)PowerInformation

  19. Cumberland Valley Rural E C C (Tennessee) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,CoalConcordiaConsumerLEDS TierCristalinoCuivre RiverRural E C C

  20. Cumberland Valley Rural E C C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,CoalConcordiaConsumerLEDS TierCristalinoCuivre RiverRural E C

  1. Darke Rural Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to: navigation, searchDaimler Evonik JVDaofu Co Ltd JumpRural

  2. Elkhorn Rural Public Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:of theClimateElgin, Illinois: Energy ResourcesBusinessRural

  3. Clark County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler, IowaScottsboro,KansasKansasWindom,Wray,County Rural E M C Jump

  4. Claverack Rural Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler, IowaScottsboro,KansasKansasWindom,Wray,County Rural EClaverack

  5. Cavalier Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLCLtd Jump to: navigation,Cauvery Hydro Energy Ltd Jump to:Rural Elec

  6. Chile-NREL Rural Electrification Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLCLtd Jump to:Changing WorldCalifornia: EnergyRural Electrification

  7. Linn County Rural E C A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervarLeeds, UnitedLiberty PowerLine ExtensionLinn County Rural E C

  8. Panhandle Rural El Member Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3 of MasonPalcanOpenRural El Member Assn

  9. Polk County Rural Pub Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC JumpPhono SolarPlexus SolMatters OhioCounty Rural

  10. Fall River Rural Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpA JumpGmbH EFCFBA FrancoFRED HomeFabFairwindRural

  11. Flint Hills Rural E C A, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpAFlex Fuels Energy Jump to: navigation,FlintRural E

  12. Grayson Rural Electric Coop Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectricHydro Electric Co PGrayson Rural Electric Coop

  13. Henry County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimen River PowerHeckert BXTHengyuan XiaojiangheCounty Rural E

  14. Somerset Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfin Jump to:Solkar Solar IndustrySolviCore Jump to:Rural

  15. Steuben Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarket Studies JumpSteinbine DevelopmentSteuben Rural

  16. T I P Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarketMemberI P Rural Electric Coop Jump to:

  17. Tri-County Rural Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation,Power SystemsTri-County Rural Elec

  18. South Kentucky Rural Electric Coop Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbHSolo EnergySouthSouth Kentucky Rural Electric Coop

  19. Valley Rural Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin FilmUnitedVairex Corporation Jump to:Valley Rural Electric Coop

  20. Butler Rural El Coop Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine:Kansas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Butler County Rural P

  1. Butler Rural Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine:Kansas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Butler County Rural

  2. Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on Openei | Opensource History View NewInstitute for Rural

  3. Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on Openei | Opensource History View NewInstitute forRural

  4. Bedford Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYorkColorado StateWindInc JumpBeatty,Hills, New York:Rural

  5. Northwest Rural Pub Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to:Information 3rd|Northfork Electric Coop, Inc JumpNorthwest Rural Pub

  6. A study of the factors affecting the sustainability of community managed rural water supply schemes in Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amerasinghe, Nishanthi Manjula

    2009-01-01

    Disparities in water supply coverage in urban and rural areas are high in developing countries, with rural coverage being much lower. The inability of governments to provide the service because of resource constraints, and ...

  7. USDA- Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance (EA/REDA) Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Note: The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Rural Development periodically issues Notices of Solicitation of Applications for the Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) in the Federal Registry. The...

  8. Career self-efficacy and career decision of African-American, Hispanic, and Anglo students enrolled in selected rural Texas high schools 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owre, Martha Leonora

    2006-08-16

    The study was designed to obtain information that would be of value to secondary school personnel who provide career counseling and guidance to high school students preparing for post-secondary education, training, and ...

  9. Wilderness Conservation in Rural Europe - How do Discourses on Land-Use Change and the Neoliberalization of Nature affect Rural Communities? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guhr, Sarah

    2014-11-27

    Conservation initiatives focusing on wilderness protection and rewilding claim that wilderness management can help to alleviate poverty and thus secure the livelihoods of rural communities. Nature-based tourism lies at the ...

  10. Matching renewal energy sources to rural development needs : a prototype design for a rural community development center for Jamaica, W.I.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Michael Onaje

    1982-01-01

    The opportunities for utilizing Jamaica/s rich supply of renewable energy resources as a base for stead, environmentally sound rural development is tremendous. This thesis explores as way of tapping this potential. Jamaica's ...

  11. Access to Electricity in Rural India Tradeoffs and Interventions for Meaningful Electrification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    interruption costs as loss in consumer surplus due to restricted consumption of electricity services. Chapter 21 Access to Electricity in Rural India Tradeoffs and Interventions for Meaningful Electrification to unreliable electricity supply in rural India. The work introduces and applies a novel approach to estimate

  12. Guidelines for third party technical inspection of Rural water supply schemes.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    Guidelines for third party technical inspection of Rural water supply schemes. Government of Maharashtra Water Supply and Sanitation Department Govt. Resolution No.: Gra.Pa.Dho.- 1114 / Case No.61 / Pa: The state of Maharashtra is leading in the field of improvements and decentralisation of rural water supply

  13. Fine-Grained Remote Monitoring, Control and Pre-Paid Electrical Service in Rural Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowe, Anthony

    Fine-Grained Remote Monitoring, Control and Pre-Paid Electrical Service in Rural Microgrids Maxim microgrid deployment in rural Les Anglais, Haiti. The system consists of a three-tiered architecture of faults like short circuits and downed lines within microgrids. Keywords--Microgrid, Deployment Experience

  14. A Scalable DC Microgrid Architecture for Rural Electrification in Emerging Regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Seth

    A Scalable DC Microgrid Architecture for Rural Electrification in Emerging Regions P. Achintya the design and experimental validation of a scalable dc microgrid architecture for rural electrification. The microgrid design has been driven by field data collected from Kenya and India. The salient features

  15. Stability analysis of weak rural electrification microgrids with droop-controlled rotational and electronic distributed generators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemmon, Michael

    Stability analysis of weak rural electrification microgrids with droop-controlled rotational--Droop-controlled distributed generation (DG) units are widely used in microgrids for rural electrification applica- tions. In these microgrids, power quality is vulnerable to voltage and frequency instabilities due to limited generation

  16. Assessing Landowner Activities Related to Birds Across Rural-to-Urban Landscapes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , however, this realization was lim- ited to such systems as agriculture, pasture, orchards, and urban areasAssessing Landowner Activities Related to Birds Across Rural-to-Urban Landscapes CHRISTOPHER A on three breeding bird survey routes ( 120 km) that represent a continuum of rural-to-urban landscapes

  17. Exploiting Digital Technologies to Promote Sustainable Travel Behaviour in Rural Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Pete

    Rural Passenger1 (IRP) project aims to address this issue by creating an information ecosystem of the information ecosystem and orienting it towards the user needs, in order to encourage sustainable rural travel, within an information ecosystem. Overall, the aim of the IRP project is to utilise this information

  18. Assessing and Modeling Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution among Rural Women in Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assessing and Modeling Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution among Rural Women in Guatemala Lisa pollution in rural areas of developing countries. It is estimated that about half (53%) of all households in the poor countries of Latin American use biofuels (wood, dung and/or crop residues) to cook. Combustion by

  19. Renewable Energy Policy in Remote Rural Areas of Western China: Implementation and Socio-economic Benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    Renewable Energy Policy in Remote Rural Areas of Western China: Implementation and Socio on renewable energy sources. However, such an option is not universally agreed upon. This dissertation examines a renewable energy-based rural electrification program, the `Township Electrification Program', launched

  20. Development of Energy-Efficient Housing for Low-Income Texas Residents 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Kootin-Sanwu, V.

    1999-01-01

    The purpose of this Center for Energy and Mineral Research (CEMR) funded study is to improve the energy use in low-income housing in the State of Texas. This study aims at achieving energy-efficiency by using a combination of measured data...

  1. Evaluation of DOE's Partnership in Low-Income Residential Retrofit (PILIRR) Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Callaway, J.W.; Lee, A.D.

    1989-05-01

    In July 1986, the US Department of Energy (DOE) awarded competitive grants to five states to conduct pilot projects to establish partnerships and use resource leveraging to stimulate support for low-income residential energy retrofits. The projects were conducted under DOE's Partnerships in Low-Income Residential Retrofit (PILIRR) Program. These projects have been monitored and analyzed through a concurrent process evaluation conducted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). This study reports the findings of that evaluation. The overriding goal of the PILIRR Program was to determine whether the states could stimulate support for low-income residential energy improvements from non-federal sources. The goal for the process evaluation was to conduct an assessment of the processes used by the states and the extent to which they successfully established partnerships and leveraged resources. Five states were selected to participate in the program: Florida, Iowa, Kentucky, Oklahoma and Washington. Each state proposed a different approach to promote non-federal support for low-income residential weatherization. Three of the five states--Florida, Iowa, and Washington--established partnerships that led to retrofits during the monitoring period (October 1986--October 1988). Kentucky established its partnership during the monitoring period, but did not accomplish its retrofits until after monitoring was complete. Oklahoma completed development of its marketing program and had begun marketing efforts by the end of the monitoring period. 16 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

  2. Mid-term evaluation of the NRECA (National Rural Electric Cooperative Association) Central America Rural Electrification Support Program (CARES)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Jones, H.G. (Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc., TN (USA)); Garcia, A. III (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (USA). Dept. of Agricultural Engineering); Flores, E. (Flores (Edgar), Guatemala City (Guatemala))

    1990-09-01

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory was requested by the Regional Office for Central America and Panama to conduct a mid-term evaluation of the Cares Project, which is being implemented by the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association. This evaluation was conducted over a three week period by a four person team. Overall, the project has had numerous successes and is highly valued by local counterpart utilities and USAID Missions. Notwithstanding the significant results of the project, changes can be made in certain operating procedures and in the direction of some programmatic activities that can lead to an even more effective project.

  3. An insider perspective on community gains: A subjective account of a Namibian rural communities' perception of a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    1 An insider perspective on community gains: A subjective account of a Namibian rural communities and marginalised rural communities' perspective. We have collected community viewpoints concurrently over the past Participatory Design, rural community, user gains, user involvement 1. Introduction The intent to enhance

  4. Low-income DSM Programs: Methodological approach to determining the cost-effectiveness of coordinated partnerships

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, M.A.; Hill, L.J.

    1994-05-01

    As governments at all levels become increasingly budget-conscious, expenditures on low-income, demand-side management (DSM) programs are being evaluated more on the basis of efficiency at the expense of equity considerations. Budgetary pressures have also caused government agencies to emphasize resource leveraging and coordination with electric and gas utilities as a means of sharing the expenses of low-income programs. The increased involvement of electric and gas utilities in coordinated low-income DSM programs, in turn, has resulted in greater emphasis on estimating program cost-effectiveness. The objective of this study is to develop a methodological approach to estimate the cost- effectiveness of coordinated low-income DSM programs, given the special features that distinguish these programs from other utility-operated DSM programs. The general approach used in this study was to (1) select six coordinated low-income DSM programs from among those currently operating across the United States, (2) examine the main features of these programs, and (3) determine the conceptual and pragmatic problems associated with estimating their cost-effectiveness. Three types of coordination between government and utility cosponsors were identified. At one extreme, local agencies operate {open_quotes}parallel{close_quotes} programs, each of which is fully funded by a single sponsor (e.g., one funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and the other by a utility). At the other extreme are highly {open_quotes}coupled{close_quotes} programs that capitalize on the unique capabilities and resources offered by each cosponsor. In these programs, agencies employ a combination of utility and government funds to deliver weatherization services as part of an integrated effort. In between are {open_quotes}supplemental{close_quotes} programs that utilize resources to supplement the agency`s government-funded weatherization, with no changes to the operation of that program.

  5. African Americans and the Spanish-American War and Philippine Insurrection: Military Participation, Recognition, and Memory, 1898-1904

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Timothy Dale

    2013-01-01

    and the Spanish American War. ” Indiana Magazine of History,the Spanish American War, The Sixth Virginia Volunteers. ”African Americans and the War Against Spain. ” The North

  6. Program Website: http://www.nrel.colostate.edu/projects/ires EA-IRES: East African International Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Lee

    Program Website: http://www.nrel.colostate.edu/projects/ires EA-IRES: East African Ecology Laboratory (NREL) in the Warner College of Natural Resources

  7. Sustainable fuelwood use in rural Mexico. Volume 1: Current patterns of resource use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masera, O.

    1993-04-01

    The present report summarizes the results of the first phase of a project of cooperation between the Mexican National Commission for Energy Conservation (CONAE) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) on sustainable biofuel use in rural Mexico. This first phase has been devoted to (i) conducting an in-depth review of the status of fuelwood use in rural and peri-urban areas of Mexico, (ii) providing improved estimates of biomass energy use, (iii) assessing the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of fuelwood use, and (iv) identifying preliminary potential lines of action to improve the patterns of biomass energy use in Mexico; in particular, identifying those interventions that, by improving living conditions for rural inhabitants, can result in global benefits (such as the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions). A comprehensive review of the existing documentation of biofuel use in rural and peri-urban Mexico was conducted. Reports from official, academic, and non-governmental organizations were gathered and analyzed. A computerized rural energy database was created by re-processing a national rural energy survey. Because of the paucity of information about biofuel use in small rural industries, most of the analysis is devoted to the household sector.

  8. Failure to Find Proboscis Conditioning in One-Day Old Africanized Honey Bees (Apis Mellifera L,) and in Adult Uru§u. Honey bees (Melipona Scutellaris)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abramson, Charles I; Aquino, Italo S; Stone, Sherrill M

    1999-01-01

    in one day old Africanized bees and adult Uru^u wereand before that day old honey bees and adult Urugu do indeedin day old Africanized honey bees and adult stingless bees.

  9. Economic evaluation of rural woodlots in a developing country: Tanzania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kihiyo, V.B.M.S.

    1996-03-01

    Rural areas in developing countries use wood as their main source of energy. Previously, wood has been obtained free from natural forests and woodlands. The pressure of increased demand through population growth, and the fact that natural trees take longer to grow, has made this resource scarce. Thus, raising trees in woodlots has been adopted as the solution to its shortage in the wild. However, growing trees in woodlots will inevitably require resources in terms of capital, land and manpower. Economic evaluation becomes necessary to ascertain that these resources are used economically. This paper dwells on some of the salient features of the economic evaluation of woodlots, such as interest rates, shadow prices of factors of production, social opportunity, cost of capital and sensitivity analysis of such woodlots in a developing country such as Tanzania. 19 refs., 5 tabs.

  10. The impact of forecasted energy price increases on low-income consumers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eisenberg, Joel F. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2005-10-31

    The Department of Energy’s Energy Information Administration (EIA) recently released its short term forecast for residential energy prices for the winter of 2005-2006. The forecast indicates significant increases in fuel costs, particularly for natural gas, propane, and home heating oil, for the year ahead. In the following analysis, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory has integrated the EIA price projections with the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for 2001 in order to project the impact of these price increases on the nation’s low-income households by primary heating fuel type, nationally and by Census Region. The statistics are intended for the use of policymakers in the Department of Energy’s Weatherization Assistance Program and elsewhere who are trying to gauge the nature and severity of the problems that will be faced by eligible low-income households during the 2006 fiscal year.

  11. Energy consumption and expenditure projections by income quintile on the basis of the Annual Energy Outlook 1997 forecast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poyer, D.A.; Allison, T.

    1998-03-01

    This report presents an analysis of the relative impacts of the base-case scenario used in the Annual Energy Outlook 1997, published by the US Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, on income quintile groups. Projected energy consumption and expenditures, and projected energy expenditures as a share of income, for the period 1993 to 2015 are reported. Projected consumption of electricity, natural gas, distillate fuel, and liquefied petroleum gas over this period is also reported for each income group. 33 figs., 11 tabs.

  12. Selection Process for Third and Fourth Grade African American Gifted and Talented: A Case Study in One Urban School District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brazile, Ruth Delories

    2011-10-21

    : Percentage of reporting districts offering Gifted and Talented . .......... 16 Table II-2: Representation Ratio of African and European Americans. ................ 31 Table IV-1: Demographics by Gender, Age, Ethnicity and Grade Taught. ........... 82... and Talented Program. .............................................................................................. 16 Figure II-2: Representation of African American and European American students in Gifted and Talented programs (states A...

  13. Urban African-American Single Mothers Using Resiliency And Racial Socialization To Influence Academic Success In Their Young Sons 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson-Hubbard, Lisa Doris

    2012-02-14

    research. 11 This study investigated the experiences of African-American single mothers in an urban school in a specific city in south Texas, not the state or nation as a whole. Also, participants represented a purposeful sample of single African...

  14. Being the partial proceedings of a conference co-organized by the South-African Regional Poverty Network,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Being the partial proceedings of a conference co-organized by the South-African Regional Poverty, Southern African governments have identified the eradication or alleviation of poverty as a key objective of developmental programmes. In spite of these repeated articulations and ongoing efforts poverty levels have

  15. MIKE Central African Pilot Project Report 2, draft 21 August 2001 27 ANNEX 1: Field data forms and field form instructions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Len

    MIKE Central African Pilot Project Report 2, draft 21 August 2001 27 ANNEX 1: Field data forms: ELEPHANT POPULATION FORM #12;MIKE Central African Pilot Project Report 2, draft 21 August 2001 28 1. MIKE deplacement Recce Transect Other #12;MIKE Central African Pilot Project Report 2, draft 21 August 2001 29 16

  16. An analysis on the feasibility of supporting and funding rural education through private education in Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez Brion, Nora

    2013-01-01

    The quality of education in Argentina has been declining over the past decades, affecting specially rural and marginalized sectors of the population. Given the current circumstances, in which the government has increased ...

  17. Evaluating the Benefits of Integrated Child Development Program in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Monica

    2012-01-01

    statistics for boys and girls 0-2 years in rural India . . . . . . .Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India,the Government of India. The summary statistics in Table 1.1

  18. Evaluation of the PV technology for rural electrification improvement : China market focus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Kyoung Suk

    2011-01-01

    Energy use, especially electricity, in China is rapidly growing, but China faced two challenges in developing new energy supply: global climate changes and unbalanced economic development between urban and rural regions. ...

  19. Reshaping rural development through knowledge clusters : the case of Danville and Southside, Virginia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierson, Andrew Stuart (Andrew Drew Stuart)

    2013-01-01

    This thesis examines challenges and implications associated with implementing knowledge-based economic development strategies in rural regions, focusing on the City of Danville in Southside Virginia. In 2000, Danville ...

  20. Conserving the rural landscape of the texas hill country: a place identity-based approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lai, Po-Hsin

    2009-05-15

    Landscape change induced by population growth and urban development is impacting the ecosystem goods and services provided by open space, which is essential to supporting many urban and rural populations. Conserving open ...

  1. Tourism development, rural livelihoods, and conservation in the Okavango Delta, Botswana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mbaiwa, Joseph Elizeri

    2009-05-15

    that since CBNRM began in the 1990s, tourism development has positive and negative effects on rural livelihoods. On the positive side, tourism development in some ways is achieving its goals of improved livelihoods and conservation. Residents’ attitudes...

  2. Gaseous and particulate water-soluble organic and inorganic nitrogen in rural air in southern Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez Benitez, Juan M; Cape, J Neil; Heal, Mathew R

    2010-01-01

    Simultaneous daily measurements of water-soluble organic nitrogen (WSON), ammonium and nitrate were made between July and November 2008 at a rural location in south-east Scotland, using a ‘Cofer’ nebulizing sampler for the gas phase and collection...

  3. An Examination of Systematic Screenings in a Rural Elementary School: Initial Lessons Learned

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bireley, Kellie Elizabeth

    2014-08-31

    In this study, Student Risk Screening Scale - Internalizing Externalizing (SRSS-IE; Lane, Oakes, Harris, et al., 2012) scores were examined to assess changes in student behavioral performance over time. A rural elementary school in a Midwestern...

  4. Social and cultural context of rural water and sanitation projects: case studies from Ghana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furber, Alison Mary

    2013-07-01

    The research underpinning this work took place in the context of two rural water and sanitation projects carried out in the Eastern Region of Ghana. The focus of study was on the way engineers can make water and sanitation ...

  5. Energy Department and USDA Partner to Support Energy Efficiency in Rural Communities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Partnering with USDA, the Energy Department has created the State Energy Extension Partnership to equip America’s farm families and rural small businesses with the efficiency tools, resources and training needed to reduce energy costs.

  6. Evaluating the Benefits of Integrated Child Development Program in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Monica

    2012-01-01

    below 5 years - rural South (Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka,comprises of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Goa (TablePradesh, Karnataka, Kerala & Tamil Nadu North Jammu&Kashmir,

  7. Contemporary German documentary cinema (1999 – 2007): the rural represented, the regional defamiliarised and Heimat revived 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruns, Christina Ann

    2010-06-30

    The thesis identifies a development integral to contemporary German documentary cinema that has not yet been taken into academic consideration: namely a new will to depict the regional, the rural, or Heimat. I have ...

  8. An integrated modeling and decision tool for improved drinking water reliability in rural villages of India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Himani, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2015-01-01

    Rural community, which constitutes more than 70% of the total population in India, faces an everyday struggle to meet basic water requirements. The challenges in this struggle are numerous: lack of infrastructure, limited ...

  9. Rural development in practice? The experience of the ‡Khomani bushmen in the Northern Cape, South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, Julie

    2012-06-29

    This thesis analyses the dynamics, complexities and numerous obstacles that serve to constrain rural development within the ‡Khomani Community of the Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Following the end of Apartheid, ...

  10. Refugee Reintegration in Rural Areas: Land Distribution in Ban Pha Thao, Lao PDR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballard, Brett M.

    The successful reintegration of refugee groups in rural areas often depends on people’s access to and control over productive land resources. The acquisition of land and the preservation of secure use rights depend on ...

  11. Asset-based poverty analysis in rural Bangladesh: A comparison of principal component analysis and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mound, Jon

    1 Asset-based poverty analysis in rural Bangladesh: A comparison of principal component analysis Bangladesh: A comparison of principal component analysis and fuzzy set theory © Sonia Ferdous Hoque, 2014-based poverty analysis in Bangladesh ........................................... 17 Discussion

  12. Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracy, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    A. Jacobson (2007) “The Off-Grid Lighting Market in WesternBudget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small6 Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural

  13. Application of bi-directional ICT channels to increase livelihoods for artisans in rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emani, Sriram

    2014-01-01

    The handicraft industry is the second largest employer in rural India after agriculture, and has been the fastest-growing export growth sector since India's liberalization in 1991. Today, however, millions of artisans face ...

  14. Builders Challenge High Performance Builder Spotlight - Rural Development Inc., Turner Falls, Massachusetts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-01-01

    Building America/Builders Challenge fact sheet on Rural Development Inc, an energy-efficient home builder in cold climate using radiant floor heat, solar hot water, and PV. Examines cost impacts.

  15. Justification of village scale photovoltaic powered electrodialysis desalination systems for rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Natasha C. (Natasha Catherine)

    2014-01-01

    This thesis justifies photovoltaic (PV)-powered electrodialysis (ED) as an energy and cost-effective means of desalinating groundwater in rural India and presents the design requirements for a village-level system. Saline ...

  16. Ancestral land, inheritance, and the revitalization or rural Japan: the case of Ogata Village 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Donald C

    1999-01-01

    Three themes are especially significant in rural Japan today. The first two are the traditional strong sense of ancestral land ties shared by Japanese farmers and the shortage of heirs problem (atotsugi mondai), which they face. The third...

  17. The economics of housing lower income populations in South Africa : challenges and opportunities in KwaZulu-Natal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barriére, Marcella M

    2013-01-01

    Since 1994, approximately three million homes have been built for lower income households in South Africa, but as a result of population growth, immigration, increasing urbanization and systemic inefficiencies, such as ...

  18. A rationalized building system for low-income housing as a response to the issues of flexibility and participation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spinazzola, Aida

    1988-01-01

    This thesis will focus on the design of a building system intending to approach the problem of low-income housing provision in developing countries.Two concepts will be proposed as a base for the development of the building ...

  19. Youth and cities : planning with low-income youth and urban youth cultures in New York City and Paris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knorr, Lilian (Lilian M.)

    2014-01-01

    Are the cities of North America and Europe governed, built, and planned by authorities to encourage youth development or facilitate repression? Youth and Cities: Planning with Low- Income Youth and Urban Youth Cultures in ...

  20. Community Capitalism: How Housing Advocates, the Private Sector, and Government Forged New Low-Income Housing Policy, 1968–1996

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erickson, David J.

    2006-01-01

    DiPasquale, “The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit: An AnalysisThe Fall and Rise Of Public Housing,” Regulation 25, no. 2 (decentralized approach to housing. Rouse founded a capacity-

  1. Rural areas electrification (Latin America), Guatemala City, Guatemala, June 4--7, 1989: Foreign trip report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katzman, M.T.

    1989-01-01

    ORNL serves the function of monitoring the Central American Rural Electrification Support Program (CARES) of US Agency for International Development (USAID), which is administered by NRECA. The results of the Demand Assessment Model, presented at the conference, were reviewed, and a paper on the use of marginal cost analysis for rural electrification was delivered for presentation by NRECA staff. Discussions on the acceptability of the model were discussed with utility representatives.

  2. Occupational status orientations and perception of opportunity: A racial comparison of rural youth from depressed areas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ameen, Bilquis Ara

    1968-01-01

    OCCUPATIONAL STATUS ORIENTATIONS AND PERCEPTION OF OPPORTUNITY: A RACIAL COMPARISON OF RURAL YOUTH FROM DEPRESSED AREAS A Thesis BY BILQUIS A. AMEEN Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas 'A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of January 1968 Major Subject: Sociology OCCUPATIONAL STATUS ORIENTATIONS AND PERCEPTION OF OPPORTUNITY: A RACIAL CCMPARISON CF RURAL YOUTH FROM DEPRESSED AREAS A Thesis BY BILQUIS A. AMER% Approved as to style and content...

  3. An evaluation of alternative horizontal curve design approaches for rural two-lane highways 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voigt, Anthony Paul

    1995-01-01

    STATEMENT It has been recognized that accidents are more likely to occur on horizontal curves than on tangent sections of rural two-lane highways. Previous studies have found that accident &equency and severity are greater on the curve sections of rural... Distance L v a Case 2 Distance r- c a' C Case 3 Distance FIGURE 2. Speed Profile Model Cases (4). 16 Superelevation Deficiency Thete have been several ellbrts to determine relationships among accident rates on horizontal curves and independent...

  4. Access to and penetration of ICT in rural Thailand Pitikorn Tengtrakul n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peha, Jon M.

    regions that maximize revenues. The study found that education is far more important than income what regions to target to maximize revenues, and whether or not other kinds of ICT companies represent

  5. Opportunities and Challenges for Solar Minigrid Development in Rural India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thirumurthy, N.; Harrington, L.; Martin, D.; Thomas, L.; Takpa, J.; Gergan, R.

    2012-09-01

    The goal of this report is to inform investors about the potential of solar minigrid technologies to serve India's rural market. Under the US-India Energy Dialogue, the US Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is supporting the Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)'s Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) in performing a business-case and policy-oriented analysis on the deployment of solar minigrids in India. The JNNSM scheme targets the development of 2GW of off-grid solar power by 2022 and provides large subsidies to meet this target. NREL worked with electricity capacity and demand data supplied by the Ladakh Renewable Energy Development Agency (LREDA) from Leh District, to develop a technical approach for solar minigrid development. Based on the NREL-developed, simulated solar insolation data for the city of Leh, a 250-kW solar photovoltaic (PV) system can produce 427,737 kWh over a 12-month period. The business case analysis, based on several different scenarios and JNNSM incentives shows the cost of power ranges from Rs. 6.3/kWh (US$0.126) to Rs. 9/kWh (US$0.18). At these rates, solar power is a cheaper alternative to diesel. An assessment of the macro-environment elements--including political, economic, environmental, social, and technological--was also performed to identify factors that may impact India?s energy development initiatives.

  6. (Monitoring and evaluation of the Central American Rural Electrification Program)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia, A. III (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (USA))

    1990-03-20

    CARES has been successful in leveraging its effort with similar programs in other countries. NRECA has done an exceptional job of coordinating the related activities of other AID contracts. The informal lines of communication appear to work well with a relaxed and productive environment evident. ROCAP has expressed confidence in the ability of NRECA to carry out the Workplan successfully. Recent initiatives by Mr. Funes in the area of indicators are seen by the review team as a positive and mutual step to articulate specific goals and accomplishments. Communication and coordination among the ROCAP staff and the local AID Mission appears to have improved since last mentioned in the Engineering Standards Review. This is especially true in Guatemala and Costa Rica. Better reporting procedures would facilitate NRECA-ROCAP-AID Mission communication. Impressive progress has been made in the way local officials approach rural electrification. This is very evident in the areas of engineering design and the productive uses campaign. The Planning and Engineering sections of INDE and CEL rapidly adopted the new mechanical strength based standards as reasonable design solutions. Similarly, productive uses has received much greater attention by all of the various divisions of the utilities in El Salvador, Guatemala and Costa Rica. This was not the case previous to the CARES Project. The final report specifically addresses several areas that should be de-emphasized or given more attention. 26 refs.

  7. Biomass District Heat System for Interior Rural Alaska Villages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wall, William A.; Parker, Charles R.

    2014-09-01

    Alaska Village Initiatives (AVI) from the outset of the project had a goal of developing an integrated village approach to biomass in Rural Alaskan villages. A successful biomass project had to be ecologically, socially/culturally and economically viable and sustainable. Although many agencies were supportive of biomass programs in villages none had the capacity to deal effectively with developing all of the tools necessary to build a complete integrated program. AVI had a sharp learning curve as well. By the end of the project with all the completed tasks, AVI developed the tools and understanding to connect all of the dots of an integrated village based program. These included initially developing a feasibility model that created the capacity to optimize a biomass system in a village. AVI intent was to develop all aspects or components of a fully integrated biomass program for a village. This meant understand the forest resource and developing a sustainable harvest system that included the “right sized” harvest equipment for the scale of the project. Developing a training program for harvesting and managing the forest for regeneration. Making sure the type, quality, and delivery system matched the needs of the type of boiler or boilers to be installed. AVI intended for each biomass program to be of the scale that would create jobs and a sustainable business.

  8. DESCRIPTIVE OVERVIEW AND ANALYSIS OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN CASE 4.1 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    of the country. South African shores are washed by two ocean currents, which are fundamental drivers of the climate in the country. The cold Benguela Current flows northwards from the Antarctic along the west coast that is not conducive to precipitation. The warm Agulhas Current flows southwards from the tropics, bringing high levels

  9. 14.8 Marine Sediment Records of African Climate Change: Progress and Puzzles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deMenocal, Peter B.

    knowledge of the magnitudes and rates of past ocean circulation and global climate changes, as well that the African continent was warm, wet, and well vegetated during much of the early Cenozoic and that large critical `ground truth' information documenting conditions in specific regions of Africa. Marine sediment

  10. Parallel adaptive origins of digestive RNases in Asian and African leaf monkeys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jianzhi

    Parallel adaptive origins of digestive RNases in Asian and African leaf monkeys Jianzhi Zhang-directed mutagenesis show that the new genes acquired enhanced digestive efficiencies through parallel amino acid replacements driven by darwinian selection. They also lost a non-digestive function independently, under

  11. Arthur D. Harrison, the doyen of African limnol-ogy and studies of the Afrotropical Chironomidae,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cranston, Peter S.

    Arthur D. Harrison, the doyen of African limnol- ogy and studies of the Afrotropical Chironomidae, post-drought, including documenting Fish Hoek. Photo P. Cranston Arthur D. Harrison. Photo Helen James, died in Canada over 3 years ago with little or no posthumous scientific recognition. This piece

  12. GRAFT TRANSMISSION AND SYMPTOMOLOGY OF LIBERIBACTERS FROM SELECTED INDIGENOUS SOUTH AFRICAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GRAFT TRANSMISSION AND SYMPTOMOLOGY OF LIBERIBACTERS FROM SELECTED INDIGENOUS SOUTH AFRICAN MEMBERS PCR analysis. Contrary to citrus transmissions described above, all of the Laf- recipient trees Rutaceous hosts we hope to establish whether such a transmission event will have detrimental effects

  13. Sustainability Research Institute, Centre for Global Development and Centre for African Studies (LUCAS) Seminar Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haase, Markus

    Sustainability Research Institute, Centre for Global Development and Centre for African Studies (LUCAS) Seminar Series Invite you to the second in the series on The Environment, Human Rights and Development Resource Politics and Advocacy Struggles in Zimbabwe: Encountering Power at Multiple Scales Sam

  14. Reprint draft October 8, 2003 Pliocene tephra correlations between East African

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deMenocal, Peter B.

    , University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 Abstract A continuous record of Pliocene-Pleistocene East African volcanic tephra deposition has been developed from a marine sediment sequence at Ocean Drilling-Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) sites from the Gulf of Aden, nearly one thousand kilometers northeast of hominid

  15. A REVOLUTION WITHIN A REVOLUTION: AFRICAN AMERICAN AND WOMEN BEAT POETS 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abernethy, Olivia

    2008-08-19

    . As the metal, is hot, it is not, given to love. It burns the thing inside it. And that thing screams. 24 The transformation seen in this excerpt of the poem hints at the subtle yet distinctive tinge of reproach Jones feels as an African American...

  16. Clustering South African Households Based on their Asset Status Using Latent Variable Models.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    Clustering South African Households Based on their Asset Status Using Latent Variable Models into homogeneous groups based on their asset status. A model-based approach to clustering, based on latent variable and the models are combined to produce a hybrid model capable of handling mixed data types. Further, a mixture

  17. WEST AFRICAN DRUMMING, GEOGRAPHY, HISTORY, LANGUAGE, MULTICULTURALISM AND AT-RISK STUDENTS IN THE MUSIC CLASSROOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bassett, Dylan A.

    2010-06-09

    Background……………………………………………………………………. 4 Literature Review…………………………………………………………….. 5 Chapter II: Traditional Music in Traditional and Modern West Africa: Drumming Styles of the Wolof in Senegal; Ga, Ewe, and Akan of Ghana; and Mande of Guinea... ……………………………………………….9 Commonalities in Various West African Drumming Styles…………. 9 Senegal: Traditional Drumming Styles……………………………… … 12 Ghana: Traditional Drumming Styles………………………………… ..18 Guinea: Traditional Drumming Styles………………………………… . 23 Traditional Music...

  18. CORRESPONDENCE Reply to: African dust and asthma in the Caribbean--medical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prospero, Joseph M.

    to African dust and to Barbados and the Caribbean. Rather, they cite much literature on the relationship over the oceans and their role in climate, a program that began in 1965 on Barbados and continues impact of climate variability on dust concentrations in Barbados trade winds. With the onset of long

  19. Sex differences and similarities in the neuroendocrine regulation of social behavior in an African cichlid fish,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofmann, Hans A.

    Sex differences and similarities in the neuroendocrine regulation of social behavior in an African and within the social states or sexes. We aimed to determine sex-specific attributes of social status by comparing circulating sex steroid hormones and neural gene expression of sex steroid receptors in dominant

  20. Estimation of freshwater availability in the West African sub-continent using the SWAT hydrologic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estimation of freshwater availability in the West African sub-continent using the SWAT hydrologic availability is indispensable for water resources management at regional or national level. This information processes. The currently available estimates of freshwater availability by a few large international