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1

EO 12898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

WASHINGTON WASHINGTON February 11, 1994 MEMORANDUM FOR THE HEADS OF ALL DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES SUBJECT: Executive Order on Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low- Income Populations Today I have issued an Executive Order on Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations. That order is designed to focus Federal attention on the environmental and human health conditions in minority communities and low-income communities with the goal of achieving environmental justice. That order is also intended to promote nondiscrimination in Federal programs substantially affecting human health and the environment, and to provide minority communities and low-income communities access to public

2

EO 12898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and 2898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations EO 12898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations To focus Federal attention on the environmental and human health conditions in minority communities and low-income communities with the goal of achieving environmental justice. That order is also intended to promote nondiscrimination in Federal programs substantially affecting human health and the environment, and to provide minority communities and low-income communities access to public information on, and an opportunity for public participation in, matters relating to human health or the environment. EO 12898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations More Documents & Publications

3

Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations (1994)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Documents Documents Federal Register Vol. 59, No. 32 Wednesday, February 16, 1994 Title 3- The President Executive Order 12898 of February 11, 1994 Federal Actions To Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows: Section 1-1.Implementation. 1-101. Agency Responsibilities. To the greatest extent practicable and per- mitted by law, and consistent with the principles set forth in the report on the National Performance Review, each Federal agency shall make achiev- ing environmental justice part of its mission by identifying and addressing, as appropriate, disproportionately high and adverse human health or environ-

4

Helicobacter pylori Prevalence and Circulating Micronutrient Levels in a Low-Income United States Population  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...39.4) 60 (24.6) Household income ($), n...8 (58.4) Total energy intake, kcal/day...supplements, and total energy intake. bFor absolute...supplements, and total energy intake. bFor absolute...of gastric cancer in Japan: a nested case-control...

Meira Epplein; Lisa B. Signorello; Wei Zheng; Qiuyin Cai; Margaret K. Hargreaves; Angelika Michel; Michael Pawlita; Jay H. Fowke; Pelayo Correa; and William J. Blot

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Invisible income and scattered poverty While the possession of real estate has become a central element of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Invisible income and scattered poverty While the possession of real estate has become a central of invisible income can add up to one-third of the GDP. Optimistic analysts treat the wealth from this income

Birmingham, University of

6

Causal relationship between energy consumption and GDP in Tunisia: aggregated and disaggregated analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the causality between energy consumption and GDP in Tunisia for the 1980 to 2009 period at both aggregated and disaggregated levels as oil, natural gas, and electricity. To determine the Granger causality in the presence of cointegration between variables, a vector error correction model (VECM) is used instead of an autoregressive model (VAR). In the short-run, the neutrality hypothesis is supported between total energy consumption and GDP. This is also true between GDP and oil consumption in one hand and the gas consumption in other hand. Whereas a unidirectional is detected from electricity to the GDP is found (growth hypothesis). In the long-run, total energy consumption, in aggregate and disaggregated forms (gas and electricity) causes GDP (growth hypothesis). For against GDP causes oil consumption (conservation hypothesis). Consequently, the policy makers in Tunisia should place priority an increased commitment to aggregated and disaggregated energy consumption will stabilise the country's inefficient spending and allow it to have a stable income stream in the short-term to raise capital for its long-term investments.

Mehdi Abid; Rafaa Mraihi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Measuring Income and Projecting Energy Use  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstract: Energy is a key requirement for a healthy, productive life and a major driver of the emissions leading to an increasingly warm planet. The implications of a doubling and redoubling of per capita incomes over the remainder of this century for energy use are a critical input into understanding the magnitude of the carbon management problem. A substantial controversy about how the Special Report on Emssions Scenarios (SRES) measured income and the potential implications of how income was measured for long term levels of energy use is revisited again in the McKibbin, Pearce and Stegman article appearing elsewhere in this issue. The recent release of a new set of purchasing power estimates of national income, and the preparations for creating new scenarios to support the IPCC’s fifth assessment highlight the importance of the issues which have arisen surrounding income and energy use. Comparing the 1993 and 2005 ICP results on Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) based measures of income reveals that not only do the 2005 ICP estimates share the same issue of common growth rates for real income as measured by PPP and US $, but the lack of coherence in the estimates of PPP incomes, especially for developing countries raises yet another obstacle to resolving the best way to measure income. Further, the common use of an income term to mediate energy demand (as in the Kaya identity) obscures an underlying reality about per capita energy demands, leading to unreasonable estimates of the impact of changing income measures and of the recent high GDP growth rates in India and China. Significant new research is required to create both a reasonable set of GDP growth rates and long term levels of energy use.

Pitcher, Hugh M.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

New Contract Helps Portsmouth GDP Cleanup | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Contract Helps Portsmouth GDP Cleanup Contract Helps Portsmouth GDP Cleanup New Contract Helps Portsmouth GDP Cleanup August 18, 2010 - 10:47am Addthis Elizabeth Meckes Elizabeth Meckes Director of User Experience & Digital Technologies, Office of Public Affairs Last week, we took a closer look at the dismantling of the final W62 warhead, a major milestone in the nation's efforts to reduce the amount of nuclear weapons in its stockpile. But after five decades of nuclear weapons production, the Cold War didn't just create a stockpile -- it left 1.5 million cubic meters of solid waste and 88 million gallons of liquid waste. This waste requires treatment and permanent safe storage in gaseous diffusion plants, like the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (GDP) in south-central Ohio. This week, the Department of Energy accelerated Portsmouth GDP cleanup

9

Electricity demand, GDP and employment: evidence from Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper applies time series methodologies to examine the causal relationship among electricity demand, real per capita GDP and total labor force for Italy from 1970 to 2009. After a brief introduction, a su...

Cosimo Magazzino

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

The link between energy and GDP in developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Historical studies of the energy-demand patterns of the industrial countries show increasing energy intensity followed by decreasing intensity. To explore the energy intensity patterns of developing countries, a data base was assembled for 38 developing countries. The data base contains estimates of per capita energy demand and GDP for 1950, 1960, 1970 and 1980. If the GDP is measured using the purchasing power parity method, analysis of the data base demonstrates an increase in energy intensity as countries develop.

David B. Reister

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

The effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption and GDP1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption and GDP1 Ming-Jie Lu, C.-Y. Cynthia consumption and GDP for several industries. We not only analyze the effects of multiple types of energy impact different kinds of energy consumption and the GDP of different kinds of industries using

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

12

Income growth, ethnic polarization, and political risk: Evidence from international oil price shocks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper studies the effects of growth in countries’ national incomes on political risk. To address causality, we use the annual growth rate of the international oil price weighted with countries’ average oil net-export GDP shares as an instrument for national income growth. Our instrumental variables analysis yields two main results: (i) income growth has on average a significant negative effect on countries’ political risk; (ii) the marginal effect of income growth on political risk is significantly decreasing in cross-country differences in ethnic polarization, so much so that at high levels of ethnic polarization income growth increases political risk while at low levels of ethnic polarization income growth reduces political risk.

Markus Brückner; Mark Gradstein

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

EMEF DMC EFS-95-004 GDP TURNOVER CONTINGENCY PLANNING POWER CONTRACTIN...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

111111111111111111111111 EMEF DMC EFS-95-004 GDP TURNOVER CONTINGENCY PLANNING POWER CONTRACTING OPTIONS This document is approved f()i puolic release per review by: er "-...

14

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF THIN GDP SHELLS USED AS CRYOGENIC DIRECT DRIVE TARGETS AT OMEGA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

OAK-B135 Thin glow discharge polymer (GDP) shells are currently used as the targets for cryogenic direct drive laser fusion experiments. These shells need to be filled with nearly 1000 atm of D{sub 2} and cooled to cryogenic temperatures without failing due to buckling and bursting pressures they experience in this process. Therefore, the mechanical and permeation properties of these shells are of utmost importance in successful and rapid filling with D{sub 2}. In this paper, they present an overview of buckle and burst pressures of several different types of GDP shells. These include those made using traditional GDP deposition parameters (standard GDP) using a high deposition pressure and using modified parameters (strong GDP) of low deposition pressure that leads to more robust shells.

NIKROO,A; CZECHOWICZ,D; CHEN,K.C; DICKEN,M; MORRIS,C; ANDREWS,R; GREENWOOD,A.L; CASTILLO,E

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

EMEF DMC EFS-95-003 GDP TuRNOVER CONTINGENCY PLANNING POWER CONTRACT...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 11111111 EMEF DMC EFS-95-003 GDP TuRNOVER CONTINGENCY PLANNING POWER CONTRACT TERMINATION PROVISIONS AND CONSEQUENCES I JULY 1995 B. J. Kirby Power Systems Technology Program...

16

Low Income Efficiency  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to serve as a starting point. Mission: The Northwest Public Power Regional Low-income Energy Efficiency Work Group aims to share information and develop best practices in order...

17

Farm Income Taxation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the filing status of the taxpayer. Finally, the tax liability is determined by reducing the tax imposed by various credits. Reporting Farm Income Methods of accounting. Almost all farmers and ranchers operate on the cash method of accounting. This means... basis taxpayers must take income into account when it is actually received as well as when it is constructively received. The constructive receipt doctrine can be a concern for farmers and ranchers, especially with respect to government price...

McEowen, Roger A.

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

18

NOAA'sSTATEOFTHECOAST National Coastal Population Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shoreline Counties Population Population Density Age Race Hispanic Origin Education Attainment Household Population Density Age Race Hispanic Origin Education Attainment Household Income Seasonal Housing Building

19

Relationship between Urbanization and CO2 Emissions Depends on Income Level and Policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As urban demand for goods, services, employment, and schools increases, governments and markets may respond with improved public transportation services, roads, and other infrastructure that could reduce total emissions,(29) all potential aspects of energy-efficient urban form. ... GDP/capita, urbanization (%), agricultural land (%), energy use (kg oil equivalent per capita)—all variables include population adjustments ...

Diego Ponce de Leon Barido; Julian D. Marshall

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

20

Energy-GDP decoupling in a second best world -A case study on India Cline Guivarcha,*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

too optimistic views on spontaneous energy-GDP decoupling of emerging countries economies projections from MERGE for China with recent trends, the World Energy Outlook 2007 (IEA, 2007 the specificities of the developing countries' energy systems. In particular, it appears that most models neglect

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

GDP Formulation of a segmented CDU Swing Cut Model for Refinery Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AGO HGO HFO RG LPG R95 R100 RG LPG CN CGO RG Refinery Operation and Management - J.P. Favennec Crude1 GDP Formulation of a segmented CDU Swing Cut Model for Refinery Planning (Performance Analysis. Grossmann #12;2 Motivation · Refinery planning is an active area in process systems that strongly relies

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

22

GDP Formulation of a segmented CDU Swing Cut Model for Refinery Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RG LPG R95 R100 RG LPG CN CGO RG Refinery Operation and Management - J.P. Favennec Crude Distillation1 GDP Formulation of a segmented CDU Swing Cut Model for Refinery Planning Department of Chemical · Refinery planning is an active area in process systems that strongly relies on the accuracy of the CDU

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

23

Investigating the impact of nuclear energy consumption on GDP growth and CO2 emission: A panel data analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study investigates the influence of nuclear energy consumption on GDP growth and CO2 emission in 30 major nuclear energy consuming countries. The panel mode was used taking the period 1990–2010. The results of the study indicated that nuclear energy consumption has a positive long run effect on GDP growth while it has no long run effect on CO2 emission. The Granger causality test results also revealed that nuclear energy consumption has a positive short run causal relationship with GDP growth while it has a negative short run causal relationship with CO2 emission. Based on the results of this study, nuclear energy consumption has an important role in increasing GDP growth in the investigated countries with no effect on CO2 emission. Consequently, unlike fossil fuels which also increase GDP growth, nuclear energy consumption causes less damage to the environment. From the results of the study, a number of recommendations were provided for the investigated countries.

Usama Al-mulali

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Tax Man Cometh: Income Taxation as a Measure of State Capacity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of state capacity. GDP per energy unit: Economic activityvalue) Indicator GDP per energy unit Average Correlation (p-

Weller, Nick; Ziegler, Melissa

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

U.S. Motor Vehicle Output and Other GDP, 1968-2007  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Motor Vehicle Output and Other GDP, 1968-2007 Motor Vehicle Output and Other GDP, 1968-2007 Danilo J. Santini, Ph. D. Senior Economist Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory 9700 South Cass Avenue Phone: 630 252 3758 Fax: 630 252 3443 E-mail: dsantini@anl.gov David A Poyer, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Economics Morehouse College 830 Westview Dr. SW Atlanta, GA 30314 Phone: 404 681 2800, ext. 2553 E-mail: dpoyer@morehouse.edu THE 66th INTERNATIONAL ATLANTIC ECONOMIC CONFERENCE Montreal, Canada 9-12 October 2008 BUSINESS FLUCTUATIONS AND CYCLES 12 October 2008 Sunday 11:15 AM - 1:15 PM The submitted manuscript has been created by UChicago Argonne, LLC, Operator of Argonne National Laboratory ("Argonne"). Argonne, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, is operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. . The U.S. Government

26

China's Pathways to Achieving 40percent 45percent Reduction in CO2 Emissions per Unit of GDP in 2020: Sectoral Outlook and Assessment of Savings Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduction in energy consumption per unit of GDP from 2006 toEnergy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract Achieving China’s goal of reducing its carbon intensity (CO 2 per unit of GDP)

Zheng, Nina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

The relationship between energy intensity and income levels: Forecasting long term energy demand in Asian emerging countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper analyzes long-term trends in energy intensity for ten Asian emerging countries to test for a non-monotonic relationship between energy intensity and income in the author's sample. Energy demand functions are estimated during 1973--1990 using a quadratic function of log income. The long-run coefficient on squared income is found to be negative and significant, indicating a change in trend of energy intensity. The estimates are then used to evaluate a medium-term forecast of energy demand in the Asian countries, using both a log-linear and a quadratic model. It is found that in medium to high income countries the quadratic model performs better than the log-linear, with an average error of 9% against 43% in 1995. For the region as a whole, the quadratic model appears more adequate with a forecast error of 16% against 28% in 1995. These results are consistent with a process of dematerialization, which occurs as a result of a reduction of resource use per unit of GDP once an economy passes some threshold level of GDP per capita.

Galli, R. (Birkbeck Coll., London (United Kingdom) Univ. della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano (Switzerland). Facolta di Scienze Economiche)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

LOW INCOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM OVERVIEW Background  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

314 LOW INCOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM OVERVIEW Background BPA's low income program began in 1980, serving the states of Oregon, Montana, Idaho, and Washington. Over time the...

29

Low-Income Weatherization: The Human Dimension  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation focuses on how the human dimension saves energy within low-income weatherization programs.

30

Tax year 2012 Earned Income Tax Credits, Education Credits, & Unemployment Income  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tax year 2012 ­ Earned Income Tax Credits, Education Credits, & Unemployment Income This article tax year. Expanded Earned Income Tax Credit benefits Many low-income families depend on the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), and the good news for this year is that the amount of the credit has been

Stephens, Graeme L.

31

The Long-Run Relationship between Money, Nominal GDP, and the Price Level in Venezuela: 1950 to 1996  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that structural breaks may be important. Since the economy depends heavily on oil revenue, oil price shocks haveThe Long-Run Relationship between Money, Nominal GDP, and the Price Level in Venezuela: 1950 and the price level in the Venezuelan economy. We apply time-series econometric techniques to annual data

Ahmad, Sajjad

32

Colloquium: Statistical mechanics of money, wealth, and income  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This Colloquium reviews statistical models for money, wealth, and income distributions developed in the econophysics literature since the late 1990s. By analogy with the Boltzmann-Gibbs distribution of energy in physics, it is shown that the probability distribution of money is exponential for certain classes of models with interacting economic agents. Alternative scenarios are also reviewed. Data analysis of the empirical distributions of wealth and income reveals a two-class distribution. The majority of the population belongs to the lower class, characterized by the exponential (“thermal”) distribution, whereas a small fraction of the population in the upper class is characterized by the power-law (“superthermal”) distribution. The lower part is very stable, stationary in time, whereas the upper part is highly dynamical and out of equilibrium.

Victor M. Yakovenko and J. Barkley Rosser; Jr.

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

33

LOW INCOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM OVERVIEW Background  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LOW INCOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM OVERVIEW Background BPA's low income program began in in the mid-80s, serving the states of Oregon, Montana, Idaho, and Washington. Over time...

34

Just Suppose: Housing Subsidies for Low Income Renters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bonds Low-income housing tax credit Homeowner Multifamilybonds Low-income housing tax credit Fiscal year Fiscal yearthe Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) program to provide

Quigley, John M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Economic Forces Driving Agriculture and the Seed Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1980-2012 with projections until 2030 #12;World map weighted by GDP in 1960 #12;Real Gross Domestic;Population and real per capita GDP in `000 2005 dollars, 2012 and 2030 projections (US per capita income in 2050 Total population (est.) = 9.07 billion 11 #12;U.S. and world real per capita GDP in 2005 dollars

California at Davis, University of

36

Incomes of Migratory Agricultural Workers.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.64 Colorado 5.35 Minnesota Wisconsin Washington Ohio California Arizona Idaho Illinois North Dakota Other states1 Includes some work in Mexico. !ndicative of family income than are data on in- jividual workers. Average earnings of the fam- dies..., BY STATES, MIGRATORY FARMWORKERS, SOUTH TEXAS, 1956 State and Average Average type of work days earnings worked per worker per per day North Dakota Sugar beets Potatoes Ohio Sugar beets Potatoes Tomatoes Other crops Oklahoma Cotton Oregon...

Sargent, Frederic O.; Metzler, William H.

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Interactions between Rho \\{GTPases\\} and Rho GDP dissociation inhibitor (Rho-GDI)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Rho-GDP dissociation inhibitor (Rho-GDI) was used as bait in a two-hybrid screen of a human leucocyte cDNA library. Most of the isolated cDNAs encoded \\{GTPases\\} of the Rho subfamily: RhoA, B, C, Rac1, 2, CDC42 and RhoG. The newly discovered RhoH interacted very poorly with Rho-GDI. Another protein partner shared a homology with RhoA that points to Asp67RhoA-Arg68RhoA-Leu69RhoA as critical for interaction with Rho-GDI. A second screen with RhoA as bait led to the isolation of GDI only. In order to investigate the relative role of protein-protein and protein-lipid interactions between Rho \\{GTPases\\} and Rho-GDI, CAAX box mutants of RhoA were produced. They were found to interact with Rho-GDI as efficiently as wild type RhoA, indicating that protein-protein interactions alone lead to strong binding of the two proteins. The C-terminal polybasic region of RhoA was also shown to be a site of protein-protein interaction with Rho-GDI.

Julien Fauré; Marie-Claire Dagher

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Helix Dipole Movement and Conformational Variability Contribute to Allosteric GDP Release in G[alpha] Subunits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heterotrimeric G proteins (Galphabetagamma) transmit signals from activated G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) to downstream effectors through a guanine nucleotide signaling cycle. Numerous studies indicate that the carboxy-terminal alpha5 helix of Galpha subunits participates in Galpha-receptor binding, and previous EPR studies suggest this receptor-mediated interaction induces a rotation and translation of the alpha5 helix of the Galpha subunit [Oldham, W. M., et al. (2006) Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol. 13, 772-777]. On the basis of this result, an engineered disulfide bond was designed to constrain the alpha5 helix of Galpha(i1) into its EPR-measured receptor-associated conformation through the introduction of cysteines at position 56 in the alpha1 helix and position 333 in the alpha5 helix (I56C/Q333C Galpha(i1)). A functional mimetic of the EPR-measured alpha5 helix dipole movement upon receptor association was additionally created by introduction of a positive charge at the amino terminus of this helix, D328R Galpha(i1). Both proteins exhibit a dramatically elevated level of basal nucleotide exchange. The 2.9 A resolution crystal structure of I56C/Q333C Galpha(i1) in complex with GDP-AlF(4)(-) reveals the shift of the alpha5 helix toward the guanine nucleotide binding site that is anticipated by EPR measurements. The structure of the I56C/Q333C Galpha(i1) subunit further revealed altered positions for the switch regions and throughout the Galpha(i1) subunit, accompanied by significantly elevated crystallographic temperature factors. Combined with previous evidence in the literature, the structural analysis supports the critical role of electrostatics of the alpha5 helix dipole and overall conformational variability during nucleotide release.

Preininger, Anita M.; Funk, Michael A.; Oldham, William M.; Meier, Scott M.; Johnston, Christopher A.; Adhikary, Suraj; Kimple, Adam J.; Siderovski, David P.; Hamm, Heidi E.; Iverson, Tina M.; (Vanderbilt); (UNC)

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Current trends in income statements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and tho Caterpi11ar Tractor Company. Tbe first mentioned, included complete statements for tho parent company for the years 19'-1946? snd. tbe second included compIete consolidated statements for the years 3932 1946'? This study has caused the writer... various subjects to be treated in this paper are those that bav'e received considerable attention in recent pubs. cations. , The results of a tabulation of the income and surplus statements in the annual repcz ts oi' two hundred companies are given...

Cass, Edwin Childers

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

40

The earned income tax credit and fertility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Government programs designed to provide income safety nets often restrict eligibility to families with children, creating an unintended fertility incentive. This paper considers whether dramatically changing ince...

Reagan Baughman; Stacy Dickert-Conlin

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

INCOME TAX MANAGEMENT FOR FARMERS IN 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.................................................................. 2 Child Tax Credit#12;INCOME TAX MANAGEMENT FOR FARMERS IN 2008 Table of Contents RECENT LAW CHANGES AFFECTING ...................................................................................................... 3 Kiddie Tax

42

China's Pathways to Achieving 40percent 45percent Reduction in CO2 Emissions per Unit of GDP in 2020: Sectoral Outlook and Assessment of Savings Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

goal of reducing its carbon intensity (CO 2 per unit of GDP)to achieve the 2020 carbon intensity reduction target. Thecommitted to reduce its carbon intensity (CO 2 per unit of

Zheng, Nina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Nitric Oxide and Oxygen Radical Attack on GDP-Dissociation Inhibitor 2 (GDI-2) in Spinal Cord Injury of the Rat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nitric Oxide and Oxygen Radical Attack on GDP-Dissociation Inhibitor 2 (GDI-2) in Spinal Cord Injury of the Rat ... Herein, mass spectrometry unambiguously identified GDP-dissociation inhibitor-2 (GDI-2) in SCI with post-translational modifications of 3-aminotyrosine (8 h post-injury) and an acrolein adduct of GDI-2 (72 h post-injury). ... Protein profiling in SCI of the rat revealed that, at 8 h following the traumatic lesion, levels of a signalling protein, GDP-dissociation inhibitor-2 protein (GDI-2) (synonym:? Rab GDP dissociation inhibitor beta), were increased about 3-fold, and we therefore decided to use this potentially important signalling structure to study the presence of oxidation- and nitration-induced PTMs in SCI. ...

Julius Paul Pradeep John; Oliver Pintsov; Alexander Petter-Puchner; Heinz Redl; Arnold Pollak; Wei-Qiang Chen; Gert Lubec

2007-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

44

Fixed Income Division Nomura International plc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fixed Income Division © Nomura International plc Symmetry methods for quadratic Gaussian models International plc Outline Motivation The quadratic Gaussian distribution The quadratic Gaussian process The quadratic Gaussian model #12;Fixed Income Division 3© Nomura International plc Part 1 Motivation #12;Fixed

Macrina, Andrea

45

Three: Should California Adopt an Earned Income Tax Credit?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ADOPT AN EARNED INCOME TAX CREDIT? Kirk J. Stark, Professorfederal earned income tax credit (EITC) in the past threeits own earned income tax credit. In the past few years,

Stark, Kirk J

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Low-Income Housing Tax Credits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) programme is the primary subsidy mechanism used to support the development of rental housing for low-income households in the United States. The programme adds about 1300 projects and 91 000 units per year. These projects are privately owned. The owners of the projects receive tax credits each year for 10 years in exchange for a commitment to maintain the units at affordable rents for occupancy by low-income households for a period of at least 15 years. The programme is proving to be popular with developers, but it is vulnerable to fluctuations in credit markets.

K. McClure

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Proposed Structure and Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Structure and Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy Efficiency Workgroup 1 Background As part of Post-2011-Review, BPA agreed to convene a low income energy efficiency...

48

Structure and Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy Efficiency  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy Efficiency Workgroup 1 Background As part of Post-2011-Review, BPA agreed to convene a low income energy efficiency workgroup. The...

49

LIEE (LOW-INCOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY) GRANT PROGRAM VERSUS THE...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

614 LIEE (LOW-INCOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY) GRANT PROGRAM VERSUS THE UTILITY LOW-INCOME WEATHERIZATION & DUCT SEALING PROGRAM Program Requirements and Specifications Grant Program-...

50

Income Tax Deduction for Energy Efficiency Upgrades  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Idaho residents with homes built or under construction before 2002, or who had a building permit issued before January 1, 2002, qualify for an income tax deduction for 100% of the cost of...

51

Low Income Energy Efficiency Workgroup Meeting #1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the creation of this group. To provide background on the ways that BPA works through utilities and states to acquire low-income energy efficiency, presentations were made about...

52

Progress Report Workgroup #3 Low Income  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

asked for an increase in the Low Income Grant Program that is funded by BPA however Boyd Wilson said that this workgroup will not address that issue, but it could be addressed...

53

The Future of Capital Income Taxation Alan J. Auerbach*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

expenditure tax is not easily dismissed. Indeed, the case against capital income taxation is stronger now thanThe Future of Capital Income Taxation Alan J. Auerbach* University of California, Berkeley for capital income taxation. The disenchantment with capital income taxes is not new, of course. Joseph

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

54

Income Statement -- A Financial Management Tool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capital asset. Gain or Loss on Sale of Capital Assets Revenue from the sale of farm capital assets such as real estate, buildings/improvements, and machinery/equipment is considered in determining net income. The gain or loss on the sale of capital... assets is equal to the sale revenue minus the book value, or remaining basis value (undepreciated original cost), of the capital asset. For the income statement, purchased breed- ing livestock are treated as a capital asset and the cost depreciated...

Klinefelter, Danny A.

2008-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

55

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Income Tax Income Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Income Tax Credit A taxpayer that delivers pure, unblended biodiesel (B100) into the tank of a vehicle or uses B100 as an on-road fuel in their trade or business may be

56

Income distribution trends and future food demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...available for food consumption. While there is...between food and energy markets via biofuels...century studied food consumption of the Belgian working...in the market or home-produced. Two...over time. Food consumption can be disaggregated...is poor. Their average income is Y, while...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Taxing corporate income Alan J. Auerbach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

proposals from those of Meade (1978). Acknowledgements: The authors would like to thank Stephen Bond, Harry Century" Abstract: Following Meade (1978), we reconsider issues in the design of taxes on corporate income, and outline significant reforms since the Meade Report (Meade Committee, 1978). We set the UK reforms

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

58

Structural Studies of the Nudix GDP-mannose Hydrolase from E. coli Reveals a New Motif for Mannose Recognition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nudix hydrolase superfamily, characterized by the presence of the signature sequence GX5EX7REUXEEXGU (where U is I, L, or V), is a well-studied family in which relations have been established between primary sequence and substrate specificity for many members. For example, enzymes that hydrolyze the diphosphate linkage of ADP-ribose are characterized by having a proline 15 amino acids C-terminal of the Nudix signature sequence. GDPMK is a Nudix enzyme that conserves this characteristic proline but uses GDP-mannose as the preferred substrate. By investigating the structure of the GDPMK alone, bound to magnesium, and bound to substrate, the structural basis for this divergent substrate specificity and a new rule was identified by which ADP-ribose pyrophosphatases can be distinguished from purine-DP-mannose pyrophosphatases from primary sequence alone. Kinetic and mutagenesis studies showed that GDPMK hydrolysis does not rely on a single glutamate as the catalytic base. Instead, catalysis is dependent on residues that coordinate the magnesium ions and residues that position the substrate properly for catalysis. GDPMK was thought to play a role in biofilm formation because of its upregulation in response to RcsC signaling; however, GDPMK knockout strains show no defect in their capacity of forming biofilms.

A Boto; W Xu; J Jakoncic; A Pannuri; T Romeo; M Bessman; S Gabelli; L Amzel

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

59

Agricultural Biotechnology and Poverty Reduction in Low-income Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agricultural Biotechnology and Poverty Reduction in Low-income Countries GREGORY GRAFF, DAVID biotechnology innovation is concentrated in high income, ``Tier I'' countries, international diffusion. Ă? 2006 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Key words -- agriculture, biotechnology, globalization, innovation

Kammen, Daniel M.

60

Income tax treaties, tax havens, and the foreign tax credit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Income tax treaties (also called income tax Conventions) are a crucial consideration for many foreign investors in the United States. They are an important consideration for all foreign investors.

Paul Brundage; Adam Starchild

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The Earned Income Tax Credit: An Incentive to Rural Employment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter describes the federal Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) enacted in 1975 to help offset Social Security taxes for low-income families with children. The ... with an increased incentive to work. The tax

Sheila Mammen; Frances C. Lawrence; Jaerim Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Energy demand and population changes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since World War II, US energy demand has grown more rapidly than population, so that per capita consumption of energy was about 60% higher in 1978 than in 1947. Population growth and the expansion of per capita real incomes have led to a greater use of energy. The aging of the US population is expected to increase per capita energy consumption, despite the increase in the proportion of persons over 65, who consume less energy than employed persons. The sharp decline in the population under 18 has led to an expansion in the relative proportion of population in the prime-labor-force age groups. Employed persons are heavy users of energy. The growth of the work force and GNP is largely attributable to the growing participation of females. Another important consequence of female employment is the growth in ownership of personal automobiles. A third factor pushing up labor-force growth is the steady influx of illegal aliens.

Allen, E.L.; Edmonds, J.A.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Assignment of the human GDI.D4 gene, a GDP/GTP-exchange regulator to chromosome 12, band 12p12.3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ras superfamily of small GTP-binding proteins performs a wide spectrum of critical cellular functions. Their biochemical activities are dependent on finely controlled cycles of GDP/GTP exchange. Regulators of this exchange are consequently molecules of pivotal importance, indicated by the increasing evidence for their involvement in oncogenic transformation and human diseases. GDP-dissociation inhibitors (GDIs) inhibit the activation of GTP-binding proteins by inhibiting the exchange of GDPs and GTPs and may therefore function as tumor-suppressors. We have cloned the cDNA for a novel GDI named GDI-D4, characterized by its high level of expression preferentially in hematopoietic cells. By fluorescence in situ hybridization, we have now localized the human gene to chromosome 12p12.3, a region deleted in a high frequency of acute myeloid and lymphoid leukemia.

Adra, C.N.; Lim, B. [Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Kobayashi, H. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)] [and others

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Empire District Electric - Low Income New Homes Program | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Empire District Electric - Low Income New Homes Program Empire District Electric - Low Income New Homes Program Empire District Electric - Low Income New Homes Program < Back Eligibility Construction Low-Income Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Total: $1,100 Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Insulation: full incremental cost above the appropriate baseline Heat Pumps: $400 Central AC: $400 Refrigerator: $200 Lighting: $100 Provider Empire District Electric Empire District Electric offers rebates for the utilization of energy efficient measures and appliances in new, low-income homes. Rebates are

65

About the modified Gaussian family of income distributions with applications to individual incomes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a recent paper in this journal [Q. Guo, L. Gao, Distribution of individual incomes in China between 1992 and 2009, Physica A 391 (2012) 5139–5145], a new family of distributions for modeling individual incomes in China was proposed. This family is the so-called Modified Gaussian (MG) distribution, which depends on two parameters. The MG distribution shows a satisfactory fit for the individual income data between 1992 and 2009. However, for the practical use of this model with individual incomes, it is necessary to know its probabilistic and statistical properties, especially the corresponding inequality measures. In this paper, probabilistic functions and inequality measures of the MG distribution are obtained in closed form, including the normalizing constant, probability functions, moments, first-degree stochastic dominance conditions, relationships with other families of distributions and standard tools for inequality measurement (Lorenz and generalized Lorenz curves and Gini, Donaldson–Weymark–Kakwani and Pietra indices). Several methods for parameter estimation are also discussed. In order to illustrate all the previous formulations, we have fitted individual incomes of Spain for three years using the European community household panel survey, concluding a static pattern of inequality, since the Gini index and other inequality measures remain constant over the study period.

José María Sarabia; Faustino Prieto; Carmen Trueba; Vanesa Jordá

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

The Earned Income Tax Credit and the Labor Supply of Married Couples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Earned Income Tax Credit on Income and Welfare,"1995). "The Earned Income Tax Credit and Transfer Programs:to the Earned Income Tax Credit." Quarterly Journal of

Eissa, Nada; Hoynes, Hilary Williamson

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Global water resources affected by human interventions and climate change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...multicropping systems per grid cell...population data, per capita income, thermal...domestic product or GDP) andtechnological...electricity production, energy consumption) data...was calculated per country on the...Abstraction to Demand. The cumulative...

Ingjerd Haddeland; Jens Heinke; Hester Biemans; Stephanie Eisner; Martina Flörke; Naota Hanasaki; Markus Konzmann; Fulco Ludwig; Yoshimitsu Masaki; Jacob Schewe; Tobias Stacke; Zachary D. Tessler; Yoshihide Wada; Dominik Wisser

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Income Tax Capital Credit (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Income Tax Capital Credit (Alabama) Income Tax Capital Credit (Alabama) Income Tax Capital Credit (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Alabama Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive The purpose of this law is to create jobs and to stimulate business and economic growth in the state by providing an income tax capital credit for approved projects. The Income Tax Capital Credit is a credit of five percent (5%) of the capital costs of a qualifying project offered by the Alabama Department of Revenue. The credits is applied to the Alabama income tax liability or financial institution excise tax generated by the project income, each year for 20 years. This credit cannot be carried forward or

69

Serving low income households in a competitive environment: It's a tough job, but someone's got to do it  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the brave new world of a more competitive electricity market, low income customers are destined to be the forgotten market segment. Given the endemic challenges of minimal incomes, high turnover, payment problems, security risks, etc., this is the last place where ambitious power marketers (or the new competitively oriented utilities) are going to look for profits. Consequently, whereas private sector research devoted to potentially profitable segments of the residential market has picked up speed (especially regarding those higher socio-economic status early adopter types who participate in pilot programs), little or no market research has been focused on the low income population. The only trouble with this scenario is that the problem of needing to serve low income customers is not going to disappear after deregulation. If anything, it will likely intensify. In recognition of these circumstances, the purpose of this paper is to focus attention on the issue of providing energy efficiency services to low income customers in a restructured electricity market. The vehicle for doing so is to present some highlight results of an extensive sequence of research focused on the low income area, conducted for the Detroit Edison Evaluation Collaborative. This research includes an evaluation of a rather innovative in-home education and energy efficiency program operated by Detroit Edison, together with what the authors believe to be an unprecedented investigation and market assessment of the low income customer population of that major Midwestern utility. The paper then concludes with some more general observations regarding the need for and feasibility of providing energy efficiency services to this customer segment.

Kushler, M.G.; Malinowski, J.P.; Hall, N.P.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Effects of financial developments and income on energy consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Extending Sadorsky (2010), this paper focuses on nonlinear effects of financial development and income on energy consumption. Utilizing five alternative measures of financial development, it employs a panel threshold regression approach to reexamine the effect of financial development and income on energy consumption. The analysis relies on a sample of 53 countries for the period 1999–2008, showing a single-threshold effect on energy consumption when private credit, domestic credit, value of traded stocks, and stock market turnover are used as financial development indicators. It implies that the sample can be split into two regimes: high income, and non-high income. Energy consumption increases with income in emerging market and developing economies, while in advanced economies energy consumption increases with income beyond a point at which the economy achieves a threshold level of income. In addition, in the non–high income regime, energy consumption increases with financial development when both private and domestic credit are used as financial development indicators. However, when the value of traded stocks and stock market turnover are used as financial development indicators, it slightly declines with financial development in advanced economies, especially in high-income countries, but increases in the higher income countries of emerging market and developing economies.

Shu-Chen Chang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

GDP-L-fucose: {beta}-D-galactoside 2-{alpha}-Lfucosyltransferases, DNA sequences encoding the same, method for producing the same and a method of genotyping a person  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The gene encoding GDP-L-fucose: {beta}-D-Galactoside 2-{alpha}-Lfucosyltransferase has been cloned, and a mutation in this gene has been found to be responsible for an individual being a non-secretor. 30 figs.

Lowe, J.B.; Lennon, G.; Rouquier, S.; Giorgi, D.; Kelly, R.J.

1998-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

72

GDP-L-fucose: .beta.-D-galactoside 2-.alpha.-L-fucosyltransferases, DNA sequences encoding the same, method for producing the same and a method of genotyping a person  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The gene encoding GDP-L-fucose: .beta.-D-Galactoside 2-.alpha.-L-fucosyltransferase has been cloned, and a mutation in this gene has been found to be responsible for an individual being a non-secretor.

Lowe, John B. (3125 Bolgos Cir., Ann Arbor, MI 48105); Lennon, Gregory (8309 Norris Canyon, Castro Valley, CA 94552); Rouquier, Sylvie (5, rue du Cannau, 34000 Montpellier, FR); Giorgi, Dominique (5, rue du Cannau, 34000 Montpellier, FR); Kelly, Robert J. (3164 Concord, Trenton, MI 48183)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Purification and characterization from rat liver cytosol of a GDP dissociation inhibitor (GDI) for liver 24K G, a ras p21-like GTP-binding protein, with properties similar to those of smg p25A GDI  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purification and characterization from rat liver cytosol of a GDP dissociation inhibitor (GDI) for liver 24K G, a ras p21-like GTP-binding protein, with properties similar to those of smg p25A GDI ...

Takashi Ueda; Yoshifumi Takeyama; Toshihiko Ohmori; Harumasa Ohyanagi; Yoichi Saitoh; Yoshimi Takai

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Minnesota Energy Resources (Gas) - Low-Income New Construction Rebates |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Minnesota Energy Resources (Gas) - Low-Income New Construction Minnesota Energy Resources (Gas) - Low-Income New Construction Rebates Minnesota Energy Resources (Gas) - Low-Income New Construction Rebates < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Nonprofit Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Gas Furnace: 500 Integrated Space and Water Heating System: 900 Electronic Programmable Set-Back Thermostat: 100 Water Heater: 100 Drain Water Heat Recovery Device: 300 Provider Minnesota Energy Resources Minnesota Energy Resources is now offering rebates for non-profits servicing low-income communities. New construction organizations can take advantage of rebates for efficient technologies if the low-income homes are

75

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.9 Low-Income Housing  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

2 2 Energy Burden Definitions Energy burden is an important statistic for policy makers who are considering the need for energy assistance. Energy burden can be defined broadly as the burden placed on household incomes by the cost of energy, or more simply, the ratio of energy expenditures to household income. However, there are different ways to compute energy burden, and different interpretations and uses of the energy burden statistics. DOE Weatherization primarily uses mean individual burden and mean group burden since these statistics provide data on how an "average" individual household fares against an "average" group of households (that is, how burdens are distributed for the population). DOE Weatherization (and HHS) also uses the median individual burden which shows

76

The debt of nations and the distribution of ecological impacts from human activities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...consumer demand for goods...increase in demand from population...damages. On a per capita basis, we...levels of both GDP and...subsidies to energy and fisheries...Bank's 2005 per capita income-based...percentages of GDP by projections...resources, and energy use impacts...

U. Thara Srinivasan; Susan P. Carey; Eric Hallstein; Paul A. T. Higgins; Amber C. Kerr; Laura E. Koteen; Adam B. Smith; Reg Watson; John Harte; Richard B. Norgaard

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Price, costs and income trends for New Zealand pastoral farms.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??An investigation of inflationary adjusted historical price trends of New Zealand pastoral farmers??? income and expenses over the past thirty years was investigated . The… (more)

Aitken, Tim

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Correlated income shocks and excess smoothness of consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the literature, econometricians typically assume that household income is the sum of a random walk permanent component and a transitory component, with uncorrelated permanent and transitory shocks. Using data on realized individual incomes and individual expectations of future incomes from the Survey of Italian Households? Income and Wealth, I find that permanent and transitory shocks are negatively correlated. Relaxing the assumption of no correlation between the shocks, I explore the effects of correlated income shocks on the estimated consumption insurance against permanent and transitory shocks, and consumption smoothness using a life-cycle model with self-insurance calibrated to U.S. data. Negatively correlated income shocks result in smoother consumption, and upward-biased estimates of the insurance against transitory (and permanent when borrowing constraints are not tight) income shocks. While the life-cycle model with negatively correlated shocks fits well the sensitivity of consumption to current income shocks observed in U.S. data, it falls short of explaining the sensitivity of consumption to income shocks cumulated over a longer horizon.

Dmytro Hryshko

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

The Denver Energy Challenge- Serving Moderate Income Residents  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Provides an overview of the Denver Energy Challenge and how services were expanded to moderate income residents including challenges and next steps.

80

INCOMING DOCUMENT CONTROL FORM DOCUMENT DESCRIPTION ORGANIZATIO  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

INCOMING DOCUMENT CONTROL FORM DOCUMENT DESCRIPTION ORGANIZATIO )ATE COMPLETED: ACTION NUMBER: I ! I I DOCUMENT CONTROL DATE INITIALS DATA BASE: ACTION LOG: FILED: To : Doug Tonkay, OTS Decen From: MIchele Landis, dRW Subject: Draft report ~ Result= of the Radiologic; Former Ore Storage Site, Palmerton, Pennsylvania Attached is one copy of the draft report. PIE provide your comments to me by January 16, 1990. tlichele Landis ,9, 1989 "ey at the review and Results of the Radiological SJrvey at the Former Ore S&age Site, Palmerton, PennsylvLnia (PPOOI) J. L Quikd J. W. Cdchdr W. D. &rei ! I : HEALTH AND t5UEI-Y RESEARCH DMSi Waste Management Research and Development Prc (Activity No. AH 10 05 00 0; NEAHOOl) RESULTS OF 'I-HE RADIOLOGICAL SURV

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The Earned Income Tax Credit and abortion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a panel of states between 1975 and 2005, I examine the relationship between the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and abortion. Results suggest that increases in the EITC are associated with reductions in the overall abortion rate. Specifically, a $1000 increase in the maximum credit is associated with a 7.6% decrease in the overall abortion rate. This effect implies a reduction of approximately 1.6 abortions per 1000 women of childbearing age. I also provide evidence that the reduction in abortions is attributable to a drop in pregnancies, not an increase in the number of births. In other words, women appear to respond to increases in EITC generosity by altering sexual behavior, rather than shifting abortion–birth decisions after a pregnancy occurs.

Chris M. Herbst

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Is the American Dream Still Attainable? Income Inequality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lost the greatest amount of wealth in absolute terms, but the 50th percentile lost the highest percentage of their wealth. And Now The wealthiest largely have recovered wealth lost in the recession: movement of children above the education, occupation, income, and assets of their parents Capital Income

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

83

DISTRIBUTION OF TRANSNATIONAL TERRORISM AMONG COUNTRIES BY INCOME  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DISTRIBUTION OF TRANSNATIONAL TERRORISM AMONG COUNTRIES BY INCOME CLASSES AND GEOGRAPHY AFTER 9 and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events University of Southern California Los Angeles, California 3710 Mc;DISTRIBUTION OF TRANSNATIONAL TERRORISM AMONG COUNTRIES BY INCOME CLASSES AND GEOGRAPHY AFTER 9/11 by Walter

Wang, Hai

84

Income Inequality in Hennepin County University of Minnesota  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Totals hide variation by race/ethnicity Hennepin County 2010 median household income by race,000 $70,000 White (not Hispanic) Black Asian Native American Hispanic/Latino Other race Race even" occurs at the median Household income percentiles: 1989 and 2010 $13,502 $24,182 $35,266 $47

Weiblen, George D

85

The R6A-1 peptide binds to switch II of G{alpha}{sub i1} but is not a GDP-dissociation inhibitor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heterotrimeric G-proteins are molecular switches that convert signals from membrane receptors into changes in intracellular physiology. Recently, several peptides that bind heterotrimeric G-protein {alpha} subunits have been isolated including the novel G{alpha}{sub i1} . GDP binding peptides R6A and KB-752. The R6A peptide and its minimized derivative R6A-1 interact with G{alpha}{sub i1} . GDP. Based on spectroscopic analysis of BODIPYFL-GTP{gamma}S binding to G{alpha}{sub i1}, it has been reported that R6A-1 has guanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitor (GDI) activity against G{alpha}{sub i1} [W.W. Ja, R.W. Roberts, Biochemistry 43 (28) (2004) 9265-9275]. Using radioligand binding, we show that R6A-1 is not a GDI for G{alpha}{sub i1} subunits. Furthermore, we demonstrate that R6A-1 reduces the fluorescence quantum yield of the G{alpha}{sub i1}-BODIPYFL-GTP{gamma}S complex, thus explaining the previously reported GDI activity as a fluorescence artifact. We further show that R6A-1 has significant sequence similarity to the guanine nucleotide exchange factor peptide KB-752 that binds to switch II of G{alpha}{sub i1}. We use competitive binding analysis to show that R6A-1 also binds to switch II of G{alpha} subunits.

Willard, Francis S. [Department of Pharmacology, CB 7365, 1106 Mary Ellen Jones Building, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7365 (United States)]. E-mail: fwillard@med.unc.edu; Siderovski, David P. [Department of Pharmacology, CB 7365, 1106 Mary Ellen Jones Building, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7365 (United States)

2006-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

86

Residential Renewable Energy Income Tax Credit | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Renewable Energy Income Tax Credit Renewable Energy Income Tax Credit Residential Renewable Energy Income Tax Credit < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate 1,000 Program Info Start Date 1979 State Massachusetts Program Type Personal Tax Credit Rebate Amount 15% Provider Massachusetts Department of Revenue Massachusetts allows a 15% credit -- up to $1,000 -- against the state income tax for the net expenditure* of a renewable-energy system (including installation costs) installed on an individual's primary residence. If the credit amount is greater than a resident's income tax liability, the excess credit amount may be carried forward to the next succeeding year for

87

Income Tax Credits Program (Arkansas) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Income Tax Credits Program (Arkansas) Income Tax Credits Program (Arkansas) Income Tax Credits Program (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Personal Tax Incentives Corporate Tax Incentive Rebate Program Provider Department of Economic Develoment There are multiple tax credit programs for businesses new to Arkansas. Additionally, there are investment tax credit programs, job creation incentives, discretionary incentives, and targeted business incentives,

88

Measurement and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency Programs in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Measurement and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency Programs in Measurement and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency Programs in Brazil: Methodological Challenges Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Measurement and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency Programs in Brazil: Methodological Challenges Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Socio-Economic Website: www.eceee.org/conference_proceedings/eceee/2009/Panel_3/3.049/ Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/measurement-and-verification-low-inco Language: English Policies: "Regulations,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. Regulations: Feebates This report presents results from Brazilian electric utilities evaluation

89

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.9 Low-Income Housing  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

4 4 Weatherization Population Facts - Roughly 25% of Federally eligible households move in and out of poverty "classification" each year. - The average income of Federally eligible households in FY 2005 was $16,264, based on RECS and Bureau of the Census' Current Population Survey (CPS) data. - States target the neediest, especially the elderly, persons with disabilities, and families with children. - Since the inception of the Weatherization Assistance Program in 1976, over 6.3 million households have received weatherization services with DOE and leveraged funding. - In FY 2009, the energy burden on Federally eligible households was about four times the burden on Federally ineligible households (14% versus 4%). Source(s): ORNL, Weatherization Works: Final Report on the National Weatherization Evaluation, Sept. 1994, p. 1 for migrating poor; ORNL, 1996 for targeting; HHS,

90

EmPOWER Maryland Low Income Energy Efficiency Program (Maryland) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EmPOWER Maryland Low Income Energy Efficiency Program (Maryland) EmPOWER Maryland Low Income Energy Efficiency Program (Maryland) EmPOWER Maryland Low Income Energy Efficiency Program (Maryland) < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Program Info Funding Source EmPOWER Maryland State Maryland Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Direct installation, no cost to the recipient Provider Maryland Department of Housing and Community Development Note: The eligible technologies listed above are only examples of some improvements that might be supported under this program as detailed on the program web site. Not all potentially eligible improvements will be

91

Weatherization Assistance for Low-Income Persons: Maintaining the Privacy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Weatherization Assistance for Low-Income Persons: Maintaining the Weatherization Assistance for Low-Income Persons: Maintaining the Privacy of Applicants for and Recipients of Services Weatherization Assistance for Low-Income Persons: Maintaining the Privacy of Applicants for and Recipients of Services Amending regulations to require all States and other service providers that participate in the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) to treat all requests for information concerning applicants and recipients of WAP funds in a manner consistent with the Federal government's treatment of information requested under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), 5 U.S.C. 552, including the privacy protections contained in Exemption (b)(6) of the FOIA, 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(6). Weatherization Assistance for Low-Income Persons: Maintaining the Privacy

92

Xcel Energy - Residential and Low Income Home Energy Service | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Xcel Energy - Residential and Low Income Home Energy Service Xcel Energy - Residential and Low Income Home Energy Service Xcel Energy - Residential and Low Income Home Energy Service < Back Eligibility Installer/Contractor Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info Start Date 1/1/2011 Expiration Date 12/31/2012 State New Mexico Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Evaporative Cooling: $200-$1000/unit Saver's Switch A/C Cycling: $20/ton of enrolled air conditioning Refrigerator Recycling: $75 CFLs: $1/bulb LED's: $10/bulb

93

The Farmer's Conundrum: Income from Biofuels or Protect the Soil? |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Farmer's Conundrum: Income from Biofuels or Protect the Soil? The Farmer's Conundrum: Income from Biofuels or Protect the Soil? The Farmer's Conundrum: Income from Biofuels or Protect the Soil? July 1, 2010 - 11:39am Addthis Lindsay Gsell After a harvest is over, crops can be sold, shipped, canned or consumed. But what happens to the parts of the crops that are inedible-the corn stover, stalks or cobs? Selling crop residues for bioenergy could provide farmers with an extra source of income. Yet, leaving some residue on the fields helps reduce soil erosion and maintain healthy levels of soil carbon and other nutrients. So how can land managers find this balance? Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is developing the Residue Removal Tool -- new software designed to simulate sustainability criteria -- to help find this balance of what to remove and what to leave behind. The software will

94

Federal options for low-income electricity policy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Protection of low-income consumers remains an important public policy concern in a restructuring electricity industry. Policies are needed to ensure that low-income households have enough affordable electricity to protect their health and safety, and that they are not victimized by unscrupulous suppliers. In this paper, the author presents three broad federal roles in setting low-income electricity policy, and discuss three more specific policy areas: universal service, electricity assistance, and health and safety. He discusses the key policy issues that arise when considering these potential federal initiatives and draw upon reviews of proposed low-income policies from restructuring proposals in eight states--California, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Wisconsin.

Baxter, L.W. [Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, PA (United States)] [Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

The impact of oil prices on income and energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The major determinant of real income growth in Korea is real oil prices, followed by money supply, exchange rates, ... longer horizon, the effects of exchange rates, oil prices, government spending, and money sup...

Young U. Glasure; Aie-Rie Lee

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ES2 Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle-Miles Traveled, Consumer Price Index (CPI-U), and Real Average Retail Gasoline Price, 1978-2004, 1985100...

97

Resource handbook for low-income residential retrofits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the handbook is to provide technical assistance to state grantees participating in the Partnerships in Low-Income Residential Retrofit (PILIRR) Program. PILIRR is a demonstration program aimed at identifying innovative, successful approaches to developing public and private support for weatherization of low-income households. The program reflects the basic concept that responsibility for financial support for conservation activities such as low-income residential retrofitting is likely to gradually shift from the DOE to the states and the private sector. In preparing the handbook, PNL staff surveyed over 50 programs that provide assistance to low-income residents. The survey provided information on factors that contribute to successful programs. PNL also studied the winning PILIRR proposals (from the states of Florida, Iowa, Kentucky, Oklahoma and Washington) and identified the approaches proposed and the type of information that would be most helpful in implementing these approaches.

Callaway, J.W.; Brenchley, D.L.; Davis, L.J.; Ivey, D.L.; Smith, S.A.; Westergard, E.J.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Workgroup 3: Directing EEI to Low Income Name Affiliation Co...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3: Directing EEI to Low Income Name Affiliation Co-Chairs Boyd Wilson BPA Eugene Rosolie Cowlitz Participants Bo Downen PPC Brent Barclay BPA Carrie Nelson BPA Christina Zamora...

99

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participation did not help low income Hispanic women in Texas meet the dietary guidelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractObjective Low-income Hispanic women are at greater risk for dietary deficiencies and obesity. We assessed the association between Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participation and dietary intake among 661 Hispanic women aged 26–44 years living in Texas. Methods Cross-sectional data was collected using standard methods. Analysis of variance and logistic regression examined the influence of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program on diet after adjusting for household characteristics, body mass index, and food security status. Results Most women did not meet recommended dietary guidelines. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participants consumed higher amounts of total sugars, sweets–desserts, and sugar-sweetened beverages than Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program nonparticipants. High sodium intakes and low dairy consumption were observed in both groups. Only 27% of low-income eligible women received Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits. Discussion Low-income Hispanic women participating in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program reported less healthful dietary patterns than nonparticipants. This may contribute to the increased obesity prevalence and related comorbidities observed in this population. Conclusion Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program should play an important role in enhancing the overall dietary quality of low-income households. Policy initiatives such as limiting the purchase of sugar-sweetened beverages and education to enable women to reduce consumption of high sodium processed foods deserve consideration as means to improve the dietary quality of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participants. Effective measures are needed to increase Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participation rates among Hispanics.

Angela Hilmers; Tzu-An Chen; Jayna M. Dave; Deborah Thompson; Karen Weber Cullen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Do single mothers in the United States use the Earned Income Tax Credit to reduce unsecured debt?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a refundable credit for low-income workers mainly targeted at...

H. Luke Shaefer; Xiaoqing Song…

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program provides free tax help to people with income under $58,000.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free Tax Help The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program provides free tax help to people 28 March 6 March 20 March 27 April 3 Thursday March 1 March 29 Taxpayers interested in free help

Lawrence, Rick L.

102

Income distribution dependence of poverty measure: A theoretical analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a modified deprivation (or poverty) function, in this paper, we theoretically study the changes in poverty with respect to the ‘global’ mean and variance of the income distribution using Indian survey data. We show that when the income obeys a log-normal distribution, a rising mean income generally indicates a reduction in poverty while an increase in the variance of the income distribution increases poverty. This altruistic view for a developing economy, however, is not tenable anymore once the poverty index is found to follow a pareto distribution. Here although a rising mean income indicates a reduction in poverty, due to the presence of an inflexion point in the poverty function, there is a critical value of the variance below which poverty decreases with increasing variance while beyond this value, poverty undergoes a steep increase followed by a decrease with respect to higher variance. Identifying this inflexion point as the poverty line, we show that the pareto poverty function satisfies all three standard axioms of a poverty index [N.C. Kakwani, Econometrica 43 (1980) 437; A.K. Sen, Econometrica 44 (1976) 219] whereas the log-normal distribution falls short of this requisite. Following these results, we make quantitative predictions to correlate a developing with a developed economy.

Amit K. Chattopadhyay; Sushanta K. Mallick

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Approaches to Electric Utility Energy Efficiency for Low Income Customers  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Approaches to Electric Utility Energy Efficiency for Low Income Customers Approaches to Electric Utility Energy Efficiency for Low Income Customers in a Changing Regulatory Environment Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Approaches to Electric Utility Energy Efficiency for Low Income Customers in a Changing Regulatory Environment Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: www.ornl.gov/~webworks/cppr/y2001/misc/99601.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/approaches-electric-utility-energy-ef Language: English Policies: "Regulations,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. Regulations: Feebates This report, written for members of the Weatherization Assistance Program

104

Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households Title Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2011 Authors Zimring, Mark, Merrian Borgeson, Ian M. Hoffman, Charles A. Goldman, Elizabeth Stuart, Annika Todd, and Megan A. Billingsley Pagination 102 Date Published 12/2011 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract The question posed in this report is: How can programs motivate these middle income single family households to seek out more comprehensive energy upgrades, and empower them to do so? Research methods included interviews with more than 35 program administrators, policy makers, researchers, and other experts; case studies of programs, based on interviews with staff and a review of program materials and data; and analysis of relevant data sources and existing research on demographics, the financial status of Americans, and the characteristics of middle income American households. While there is no 'silver bullet' to help these households overcome the range of barriers they face, this report describes outreach strategies, innovative program designs, and financing tools that show promise in increasing the attractiveness and accessibility of energy efficiency for this group. These strategies and tools should be seen as models that are currently being honed to build our knowledge and capacity to deliver energy improvements to middle income households. However, the strategies described in this report are probably not sufficient, in the absence of robust policy frameworks, to deliver these improvements at scale. Instead, these strategies must be paired with enabling and complementary policies to reach their full potential.

105

Structure of a GDP:AlF4 Complex of the SRP \\{GTPases\\} Ffh and FtsY, and Identification of a Peripheral Nucleotide Interaction Site  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The signal recognition particle (SRP) \\{GTPases\\} Ffh and FtsY play a central role in co-translational targeting of proteins, assembling in a GTP-dependent manner to generate the SRP targeting complex at the membrane. A suite of residues in FtsY have been identified that are essential for the hydrolysis of GTP that accompanies disengagement. We have argued previously on structural grounds that this region mediates interactions that serve to activate the complex for disengagement and term it the activation region. We report here the structure of a complex of the SRP \\{GTPases\\} formed in the presence of GDP:AlF4. This complex accommodates the putative transition-state analog without undergoing significant change from the structure of the ground-state complex formed in the presence of the GTP analog GMPPCP. However, small shifts that do occur within the shared catalytic chamber may be functionally important. Remarkably, an external nucleotide interaction site was identified at the activation region, revealed by an unexpected contaminating GMP molecule bound adjacent to the catalytic chamber. This site exhibits conserved sequence and structural features that suggest a direct interaction with RNA plays a role in regulating the activity of the SRP targeting complex.

Pamela J. Focia; Joseph Gawronski-Salerno; John S. Coon V; Douglas M. Freymann

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Sea-level rise and its possible impacts given a ‘beyond 4°C world’ in the twenty-first century  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...is increasing in per capita income and population...proportion of the demand for safety is applied...persons km2 and 90 per cent at a population...population and GDP scenarios are essentially...about the main energy sources. The A1...sea-level rise (metre per century) according...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Assessment of relative exposure of minority and low-income groups to outdoor air pollution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A diverse research effort, conducted by both federal agencies and scholars in academia, has addressed the issue of environmental justice. Recent environmental justice studies have generally focused on the demographics of areas close to hazardous waste facilities; landfills; Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Information System (CERCLIS) sites; and Superfund sites. Recent efforts at the federal and state levels to determine risk-related priorities in allocating resources for research and remediation have found that hazardous wastes present much lower health effect risks than air pollution does. Past research findings, funded in part by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), showed disproportionately high levels of substandard air quality exposure for minority and low-income populations. This study is a continuation of that earlier research.

Nieves, L.A.; Wernette, D.R.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Trade and Income Exploiting Time Series in James Feyrer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trade and Income ­ Exploiting Time Series in Geography James Feyrer Dartmouth College October 23. Rodriguez and Rodrik (2000) show that these results are not robust to controlling for omitted variables conferences for helpful comments. All errors are my own. james.feyrer@dartmouth.edu, Dartmouth College

Lotko, William

109

Statistical Mechanics of Money, Income, Debt, and Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical Mechanics of Money, Income, Debt, and Energy Consumption Physics Colloquium Presented in financial markets. Globally, data analysis of energy consumption per capita around the world shows@american.edu Similarly to the probability distribution of energy in physics, the probability distribution of money among

Hill, Wendell T.

110

Energy and Indoor Environmental Quality Retrofits in Low-Income  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy and Indoor Environmental Quality Retrofits in Low-Income Apartments ENVIRONMENTAL ENERGY to save energy. The major elements influenced by this project: people, energy/air quality and apartments save energy and improve indoor environmental quality conditions. Project Description The broad goals

111

A Welcome to Incoming Optics Students from the Director  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Welcome to Incoming Optics Students from the Director It is my great pleasure to welcome you to The Institute of Optics, to join the training for the next generation of leaders in the field. Approximately half of all optics degrees awarded nationwide have been awarded by our institute since its founding

112

Rural Livelihoods and Income Enhancement in the "New" Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper brings an in-depth case study that illustrates the success of a program for poverty reduction Obligation Fund" [12, 13] which is then invested in infrastructure for cellular coverage in rural areasRural Livelihoods and Income Enhancement in the "New" Economy Alakananda Rao Anudip Foundation

Dasgupta, Partha

113

Family Moderate Income Homeowners In New York State  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

"Family Moderate Income Homeowners In New York State: Enhancing Resource Accessibility Through Process Improvement and Targeted Outreach," by Residential Energy Efficiency Solutions, July 10, 2012, Arlington, Virginia. Provides an overview of broadening accessibility to financing through process improvement and targeted outreach.

114

Effectiveness and limitations of the Earned Income Tax Credit for reducing child poverty in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on international comparisons, the United States has a high child poverty rate. The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), which provides a tax benefit to low-income working households and was expanded after the 1990s welfare reform, is currently this country's largest cash transfer program for low-income families with children. This article examines the historical components of the EITC. We then analyze the program's child poverty reduction effectiveness by comparing the percent and percentage point declines in the child poverty rate accounted for by the EITC benefit for six years between 1996 and 2005. Figures for the first four years were drawn from previous studies, while figures for the final two years were estimated with a U.S. Census Bureau calculator. All of the analyses used Current Population Survey data. We determined that the percent decline in the child poverty rate attributed to the EITC generally increased during this period (highest percent was 19.5 in 2005), while the percentage point decline remained relatively stable. We then critically examine four poverty reduction assumptions of the EITC that limit its ability to further reduce child poverty and draw social policy implications.

Mary Keegan Eamon; Chi-Fang Wu; Saijun Zhang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

55,"Aberdeen City of",5,1,482619,"Taxes Other Than Income Taxes...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

and Services to Municipality or Other Government Units (line 14, less line 19)" 13933,"Oak Ridge City of",5,1,1600864,"Taxes Other Than Income Taxes, Operating Income (408.1)"...

116

55,"Aberdeen City of",5,1,479437,"Taxes Other Than Income Taxes...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

and Services to Municipality or Other Government Units (line 14, less line 19)" 13933,"Oak Ridge City of",5,1,1376830,"Taxes Other Than Income Taxes, Operating Income (408.1)"...

117

An Earned Income Tax Credit in the Netherlands: Simulations with the MIMIC Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent policy discussions in the Netherlands, the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) has been put forward as ... of labour supply because it raises the marginal tax burden on medium-income workers.

Floor M. van Oers; Ruud A. de Mooij; Johan J. Graafland; J. Boone

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

The Low Income Housing Tax Credit: Public Policy and Private Incentives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C.L. Edson, "The Tax Credit for Low Income Housing,"Qualified Housing Tax Credits,"The Only Game inTHE LOW INCOME HOUSING TAX CREDIT: PUBLIC POLICY AND PRIVATE

Cerf, Alan R.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

The Effects of Prevaling Wage Requirements on the Cost of Low-Income Housing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pp. 415– California Tax Credit Allocation Committee. 2000–The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit: An Analysis of the FirstLow Income Housing Tax Credit since 1996 and completed by

Dunn, Sarah; Quigley, John M.; Rosenthal, Larry A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Should we subsidize work? Welfare reform, the earned income tax credit and optimal transfers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the 1990s, US income transfer and tax policies shifted towards trying to encourage work among low-income families. Optimal tax theory, however, suggests that work subsidies are usually an inefficient wa...

Gregory Acs; Eric Toder

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The Earned Income Tax Credit and Rural Families: Differences Between Non-participants and Participants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Differences between rural low-income mothers who were non-participants and participants in the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) were examined. About one-third ... Rural Families Speak, did not claim the tax credit

Sheila Mammen; Frances C. Lawrence…

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution income Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

income Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution income Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Urban Form and Air Pollution in US Urban...

123

Oregon State Energy-Efficiency Appliance Rebate Program Helps Low-Income Families  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Statewide program provides low-income homeowners with rebates on money-saving, energy-efficient appliances.

124

Examining the Effect of the Earned Income Tax Credit on the Labor Market Participation of Families on Welfare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Welfare, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and the Labor Supplyof the Earned Income Tax Credit: Evidence from the National1995. “The Earned Income Tax Credit and Transfer Programs: A

Hotz, V. Joseph; Mullin, Charles H.; Scholz, John Karl

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Social Welfare Policy and Public Assistance for Low-Income Substance Abusers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

income and health care benefits for many low- income substance abusers. This paper examines payee, and to continued disability reviews in exchange for monthly cash assistance and health care Welfare Reform Legislation on the Economic Security of Former Supplemental Security Income Drug Addiction

de Lijser, Peter

126

Poverty and income growth: measuring pro-poor growth in the case of Romania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper attempts to examine the extent to which income growth was beneficial to poverty reduction in Romania between the years 2000 and 2007. We build income growth incidence curves, both in absolute and relative terms, on the basis of mean individual ... Keywords: economic growth, growth incidence curve, income, inequality, poverty, pro-poor growth

Eva Militaru; Cristina Stroe

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

California Solar Initiative - Low-Income Solar Water Heating Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » California Solar Initiative - Low-Income Solar Water Heating Rebate Program California Solar Initiative - Low-Income Solar Water Heating Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Maximum Rebate Single-Family Low-Income: $3,750 Multi-Family Low-Income: $500,000 Program Info Funding Source Ratepayer Funds Start Date 3/29/2012 State California Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Step 1 Incentive Rates (contact utility to determine current incentive levels): Single-Family Low-Income: $25.64 per therm displaced Multi-Family Low-Income: $19.23 per therm displaced The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) voted in October 2011 to

128

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10 Historical Primary Energy Per GDP and Per11 Historical Primary Energy per GDP and perHistorical Primary Energy Per GDP and Per capita Population

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Summary for Policymakers IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, Working Group III  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to have a lower energy use per unit of GDP (6.2 – 9.9 MJ/US$shows Income per capita (GDP ppp /Pop), Energy Intensity (

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Globalization and population drivers of rural-urban land-use change in Chihuahua, Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A thorough examination of the causes of land-use change is necessary to effectively deal with the magnitude of changes across the globe. Chihuahua, Mexico is experiencing rapid land-use changes due to processes of globalization. The emergence of Mexico's maquiladora program is an indicator of economic globalization that has had far-reaching social and environmental consequences. This article examines population and income patterns from 1970 to 2000 as part of a hierarchical system and tests whether or not processes of globalization can be detected in the patterns. Findings indicate that population and income concentrate primarily in Juarez, while simultaneously deconcentrating in most other municipios of the State. Moreover, these patterns correlate with patterns of maquiladora concentration. Additional findings identify proximity to the US and established urban centers as drivers of population concentration. These findings support the notion that patterns and processes of globalization are important drivers of population and income concentration at the local level in Chihuahua, Mexico. Finally, the findings support the conceptualization of population land-use and income concentration as part of a hierarchical system.

Nate Currit; William E. Easterling

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Rawls' Fairness, Income Distribution and Alarming Level of Gini Coefficient  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The argument that the alarming level of Gini coefficient is 0.4 is very popular, especially in the media industry, all around the world for a long time. Although the 0.4 standard is widely accepted, the derivation of the value lacks rigid theoretical foundations. In fact, to the best of our knowledge, it is not based on any prevalent and convincing economic theories. In this paper, we incorporate Rawls' principle of fair equality of opportunity into Arrow-Debreu's framework of general equilibrium theory with heterogeneous agents, and derive the alarming level of Gini coefficient formally. Our theory reveals that the exponential distribution of income not only satisfies Pareto optimality, but also obeys social fairness in Rawls' sense. Therefore, we specify the maximal value of the Gini coefficient when income follows exponential distribution as a possible alarming level. Our computations show that the alarming level should be specified at least equal or larger than 0.5 rather than 0.4. We empirically investig...

Tao, Yong; Li, Changshuai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

City of Tallahassee Utilities - Low-Income Energy Efficiency Grant Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Tallahassee Utilities - Low-Income Energy Efficiency Grant Tallahassee Utilities - Low-Income Energy Efficiency Grant Programs City of Tallahassee Utilities - Low-Income Energy Efficiency Grant Programs < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Program Info State Florida Program Type Utility Grant Program Rebate Amount Ceiling Insulation Grant: $500 HVAC Repair: $500 Provider City of Tallahassee Utilities City of Tallahassee Utilities offers two different grants that encourage low-income residents to improve the energy efficiency of homes. Both programs require a free home energy audit to be conducted in order to determine the eligibility of the applicant. Applicants must also fit within the qualifying income levels detailed on the web site.

133

The effects of low income housing tax credit developments on neighborhoods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper evaluates the impacts of new housing developments funded with the Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC), the largest federal project based housing program in the U.S., on the neighborhoods in which they are built. A discontinuity in the formula determining the magnitude of tax credits as a function of neighborhood characteristics generates pseudo-random assignment in the number of low income housing units built in similar sets of census tracts. Tracts where projects are awarded 30% higher tax credits receive approximately six more low income housing units on a base of seven units per tract. These additional new low income developments cause homeowner turnover to rise, raise property values in declining areas and reduce incomes in gentrifying areas in neighborhoods near the 30th percentile of the income distribution. LIHTC units significantly crowd out nearby new rental construction in gentrifying areas but do not displace new construction in stable or declining areas.

Nathaniel Baum-Snow; Justin Marion

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Material and Energy Productivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

“Weighted by 1990 activity levels, intensities were roughly 15?20% lower in 1994/5 than in 1973, which in turn meant real savings of energy; energy demand in IEA countries is roughly this much below what it would have been for the same GDP had these savings not occurred.” ... Forcing impact I are P for population, A for income as gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, C for intensity of use as a good per GDP, and T for efficiency ratios as impact per good. ... Haberl, H.The Energetic Metabolism of Societies, Part I: Accounting Concepts J. Ind. Ecol. ...

Julia K. Steinberger; Fridolin Krausmann

2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

135

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.9 Low-Income Housing  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

Program Definitions DOE Weatherization: Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program DOE Weatherization Eligible Households: Households with incomes at or below 125% of the Federal poverty level, which varies by family size; however, a State may instead elect to use the LIHEAP income standard if its State LIHEAP income standard is at least 125% of the Federal poverty level. Data listed in this chapter include previously weatherized units. DOE Weatherization Eligible Households are a subset of Federally Eligible Households. DOE Weatherization Recipient Households: Households that have received weatherization under DOE Weatherization funding. Federally Eligible Households: Households with incomes below the Federal maximum standard of 150% to 200% of the poverty

136

BC Hydro Brings Energy Savings to Low-Income Families in Canada...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

needs described in their application. Other BC Hydro incentives not based on income include a rebate program for insulation, draft-proof measures, heat pumps, and water heaters...

137

Enabling energy efficiency for low-income housing in Developing countries using MIT Design Advisor .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??There is a great need to improve energy efficiency of low-income housing, since people who can afford it least have to pay a significant portion… (more)

Ali, Zehra (Zehra Hyder)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

California Solar Initiative- Low-Income Solar Water Heating Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) voted in October 2011 to create the California Solar Initiative (CSI) Thermal Low-Income program for single and multifamily residential properties....

139

The Impact of the Earned Income Tax Credit on Marriage and Divorce: Evidence from Flow Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While considerable research focuses on the anti-poverty and labor supply effects of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), relatively little is known about...

Chris M. Herbst

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal Specific Documents7 Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal Specific Documents7 Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income...

142

Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal Specific Documents7 Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income...

143

Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal Specific Documents7 Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income...

144

Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3...

145

Income inequality and carbon dioxide emissions: The case of Chinese urban households  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper draws on Chinese survey data to investigate variations in carbon dioxide emissions across households with different income levels. Rich households generate more emissions per capita than poor households via both their direct energy consumption and their higher expenditure on goods and services that use energy as an intermediate input. An econometric analysis confirms a positive relationship between emissions and income and establishes a slightly increasing marginal propensity to emit (MPE) over the relevant income range. The redistribution of income from rich to poor households is therefore shown to reduce aggregate household emissions, suggesting that the twin pursuits of reducing inequality and emissions can be achieved in tandem.

Jane Golley; Xin Meng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Agricultural Biomass Income Tax Credit (Personal) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Personal) Personal) Agricultural Biomass Income Tax Credit (Personal) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Bioenergy Maximum Rebate Statewide annual limit of 5 million in total credits Program Info Start Date 1/1/2011 State New Mexico Program Type Personal Tax Credit Rebate Amount 5 per wet ton Provider New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department [http://www.nmlegis.gov/Sessions/10%20Regular/final/HB0171.pdf House Bill 171] of 2010 created a tax credit for agricultural biomass from a dairy or feedlot transported to a facility that uses agricultural biomass to generate electricity or make biocrude or other liquid or gaseous fuel for commercial use. For the purposes of this tax credit, agricultural biomass means wet manure. The Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department may

147

Agricultural Biomass Income Tax Credit (Corporate) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Corporate) Corporate) Agricultural Biomass Income Tax Credit (Corporate) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Bioenergy Maximum Rebate Statewide annual limit of 5 million in total credits Program Info Start Date 1/1/2011 State New Mexico Program Type Corporate Tax Credit Rebate Amount 5 per wet ton Provider New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department [http://www.nmlegis.gov/Sessions/10%20Regular/final/HB0171.pdf House Bill 171] of 2010 created a tax credit for agricultural biomass from a dairy or feedlot transported to a facility that uses agricultural biomass to generate electricity or make biocrude or other liquid or gaseous fuel for commercial use. For the purposes of this tax credit, agricultural biomass means wet manure. The Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department may

148

Low-income communities : technological strategies for nurturing community, empowerment and self-sufficiency at a low-income housing development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are a number of historically familiar and unfamiliar forces at work in low-income communities in the United States. Recurrent forces include rapidly changing economic and demographic trends, Welfare Reform, and the ...

O'Bryant, Richard Louis, 1964-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Analysis of Potential Energy Saving and CO2 Emission Reduction of Home Appliances and Commercial Equipments in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Research Institute’s energy demand model (CERI, 2009): GDP growth, persons perenergy-environment modeling. 1 Major drivers are economic activity (household income, GDP growth and GDP per

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Enabling energy efficiency for low-income housing in Developing countries using MIT Design Advisor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is a great need to improve energy efficiency of low-income housing, since people who can afford it least have to pay a significant portion of their income to make their homes more habitable or else live with greater ...

Ali, Zehra (Zehra Hyder)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption Martin Sommer, the sensitiv- ity of consumption to predicted income can be largely reinterpreted as a sluggish response to news. Moreover, the sensitivity of consumption to sen- timent reects the serial correlation

Niebur, Ernst

152

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption Martin Sommer utility: the sensitivity of consumption to lagged consumer sentiment, and to predictable changes in current income. I show that in a habit formation model, the sensitiv- ity of consumption growth

Niebur, Ernst

153

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption Martin Sommer, the sensi- tivity of consumption to predicted income can be largely reinterpreted as a sluggish response to news. Moreover, the sensitivity of consumption to sentiment reflects the serial correlation

Niebur, Ernst

154

Determinants and Income Effects of Commuting and Migration An empirical analysis for Germany after Unification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Determinants and Income Effects of Commuting and Migration An empirical analysis for Germany after differentials between East and West Germany led to massive commuting and migration flows. In this paper we: Human capital and income, Germany, commuting, migration, GSOEP JEL No.: J31, J61, O15 Address: Institute

Pfeifer, Holger

155

DETERMINANTS OF INCOME INEQUALITY IN BOTSWANA: A REGRESSION-BASED DECOMPOSITION APPROACH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

level in Botswana. Using the Household Income and Expenditure Survey of 2002/03 an income generating Expenditure Surveys (HIES) undertaken in 1985/86, 1993/94, 2002/03 and the Botswana Core Welfare Indicator capital intensive and employs a very small proportion of the labour force, yet this sector accounts

156

2012-2013 STATEMENT OF UNTAXED INCOME Office of Scholarships & Financial Aid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tax credit from IRS Form 1040--line. Do not include student aid, earned income credit, additional child tax credit, welfare payments, untaxed Social Security benefits, Supplemental Security Income exclusion or credit for federal tax on special fuels. $ $ Money received, or paid on your behalf (e

Li, Mo

157

Earned Income Tax Credits to 66,000 Employed Families in Milwaukee County during the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Earned Income Tax Credits to 66,000 Employed Families in Milwaukee County during the Economic tax credits (EIC) received by families in Milwaukee County based on their 2009 tax returns (filed tax credit. Federal earned income credits are estimated based on Wisconsin usage ratios.1 The earned

Saldin, Dilano

158

Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries Sandec #12;Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries Jonathan Rouse Introduction 7 2 Background 11 2.1 What is marketing? 11 2.2 Why is marketing important for compost producers

Wehrli, Bernhard

159

WORK, INCOME AND MATERIAL HARDSHIP AFTER WELFARE Sandra Danziger, Mary Corcoran, Sheldon Danziger & Colleen M. Heflin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 WORK, INCOME AND MATERIAL HARDSHIP AFTER WELFARE REFORM Sandra Danziger, Mary Corcoran, Sheldon of Consumer Affairs, Vol. 34/1, Summer 2000 This paper is based on the Colston Warne Lecture, "Welfare Reform: State Welfare Reform and the Well-being of Low Income Families and Children,". This research

Shyy, Wei

160

Abstract B63: Barriers to colorectal cancer screening among low income and underinsured Hispanics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...barriers to CRCS in low income Hispanics, this cross-sectional study...associated with CRCS among Hispanics residing on the Texas-Mexico...older, self-identified as Hispanic or Latino, and no history...primary language spoken, household income, highest education...

Lara S. Savas; Maria E. Fernandez; and Janet Williams

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Acculturation, education, and income as determinants of cigarette smoking in New Mexico Hispanics.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...determinants of smoking by Hispanics remain inadequately...characterized. We have assessed household income, education...cigarette smoking in 1072 Hispanic adults residing in a...determinants of smoking by Hispanics remain inadequately...characterized. We have assessed household income, education...

J M Samet; C A Howard; D B Coultas; and B J Skipper

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Incomes in South Africa since the fall of Apartheid Murray Leibbrandt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incomes in South Africa since the fall of Apartheid by Murray Leibbrandt University of Cape Town in South Africa between 1995 and 2000. We document substantial declines--on the order of 40%--in real Africa #12;Incomes in South Africa since the fall of Apartheid Murray Leibbrandt University of Cape Town

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

163

Income distribution and the diffusion of networks: An empirical study of Brazilian telecommunications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Telecommunications is often considered to be an important contributor to economic growth, and most countries have therefore adopted several initiatives to improve coverage of fixed as well as mobile telephones. This paper focuses on the role of income ... Keywords: Affordability, D12, D31, Income distribution, L96, Telecommunications, Universal access

Helena Bohman

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Ethiopia UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

165

Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Maldives UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

166

Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Ethiopia, Honduras, Kenya, Maldives, Mali, Nepal UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

167

Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Nepal UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

168

Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Honduras UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

169

Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Mali UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

170

Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2009 Country Kenya UN Region Southern Asia References Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP)[1] Ethiopia Specific Documents[2] Honduras Specific Documents[3] Kenya Specific Documents[4] Maldives Specific Documents[5] Mali Specific Documents[6] Nepal Specific Documents[7] Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Program for Low Income Countries (SREP) is

171

Investigating the book-tax income gap : factors which affect the gap and details regarding its most significant component  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(cont.) In total, my thesis suggests that recent changes in the book-tax income gap may be exogenous and transitory, due to changes to the calculation of book income, general business conditions or other factors which ...

Seidman, Jeri

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

The Impact of the Earned Income Tax Credit on Poverty: Analyzing the Dimensions by Race and Immigration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the effectiveness of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) on poverty transitions, with an...

Olugbenga Ajilore

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Rationale, design, and sample characteristics of a practical randomized trial to assess a weight loss intervention for low-income women: The Weight-Wise II Program  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Obesity is common among low-income mid-life women, yet most published weight loss studies have not focused on this population and have been highly resourced efficacy trials. Thus, practical type 2 translational studies are needed to evaluate weight loss interventions for low-income women. In this paper, we present the rationale, study design, and baseline characteristics of a type 2 translational study that evaluates both the processes and outcomes of a weight loss intervention for low-income women given at 6 county health departments in North Carolina. Key features of this study include random selection of study sites, intervention delivery by current staff at study sites, efforts to integrate the intervention with local community resources, a focus on evaluating the processes of translation using the RE-AIM framework, use of an evidence-based weight loss intervention, a detailed description of participant recruitment and representativeness, and a practical randomized trial designed to assess the effectiveness of the intervention. Of 81 health departments invited to participate, 30 (37%) were eligible and willing, and 6 were selected at random to deliver the intervention. Of 432 potential participants screened by phone, 213 (49%) were eligible and of these, 189 (89%) completed baseline measures and were randomized to receive a 5-month weight loss intervention or a delayed intervention. The mean age was 51, mean BMI 37 kg/m2, 53% were African American, and 43% had no health insurance. The results of this study should be informative to key stakeholders interested in real world weight loss interventions for low-income mid-life women.

Carmen D. Samuel-Hodge; Beverly A. Garcia; Larry F. Johnston; Jennifer L. Kraschnewski; Alison A. Gustafson; Arnita F. Norwood; Russell E. Glasgow; Alison D. Gold; John W. Graham; Kelly R. Evenson; Sally C. Stearns; Ziya Gizlice; Thomas C. Keyserling

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Examining the Impact of Welfare Reform, Labor Market Conditions, and the Earned Income Tax Credit on the Employment of Black and White Single Mothers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Welfare, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and the Labor Supply2002. “Earned Income Tax Credits. ” In Improving Children’sThe Earned Income Tax Credit and Labor Market Participation

Noonan, Mary C.; Smith, Sandra S.; Corcoran, Mary E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Collecting program planning and evaluation data from low-income, minority households: A case study baseline survey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the Wisconsin Demand Side Demonstrations (WDSD) collaborative effort, Wisconsin Electric Power Company (WEPCo) is implementing a direct-install lighting program in two minority low-income communities in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. One of the communities has a very high proportion of Hispanic residents, many of whom speak only Spanish, while the other is a predominantly African-American neighborhood. This demonstration is designed to test the use of community based organizations (CBOs) to contact, market and recruit program participants. As a matter of policy WDSD requires that all programs be evaluated and that whenever feasible, baseline studies be conducted. This paper describes the methods used to conduct the baseline studies in these neighborhoods. The methods are important for evaluators because they demonstrate a very effective way of surveying a hard to reach population. They may also be useful for marketers and program staff who may find the approach useful for working with similar populations. The methods presented in this paper resulted in a 94% completion rate for a baseline survey that averaged twenty-two minutes. The survey probed household activities, appliance mix, appliance use, and community social activities. The paper demonstrates what can be achieved in minority communities when resources located in the neighborhoods are mobilized to obtain market, program or evaluation information.

Hall, N. [RCG/Hagler, Bailly, Inc., Madison, WI (United States); Wintersberger, J. [Wisconsin Electric Power Co., Milwaukee, WI (United States); Reed, J.; Maggiore, A.; Pinkowski, C. [Wisconsin Demand Side Demonstration, Inc., Madison, WI (United States)

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Abstract B95: Barriers to completion of a free colorectal cancer screening program in a low-income population  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...patients chose to complete a fecal occult blood test (FOBT) or schedule a pre screening appointment...completers vs. non-completers) using Fisher's exact tests and independent t-tests. Results: There were 352 eligible participants...

Whitney Zahnd; David Steward; Wiley Jenkins; Jennifer Andoh; Georgia Mueller; Sandra Puczynski

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Energy Department Provides $140.3 Million to Low-Income Families for Home  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

140.3 Million to Low-Income Families 140.3 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization Energy Department Provides $140.3 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization April 3, 2006 - 9:55am Addthis Funding is first installment of $243 million in total weatherization grants for FY 2006 WASHINGTON, D.C. - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Samuel W. Bodman today announced $140.3 million in weatherization program grants to 31 states and the Navajo Nation to make energy efficiency improvements in homes of low-income families; weatherization can reduce an average home's energy costs by $358 annually. Total Fiscal Year 2006 funding is $243 million and will provide weatherization to approximately 96,560 homes. "Weatherizing your home is a valuable way to save energy and money,"

178

Department of Energy Provides Nearly $88 Million to Low-Income Families for  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

88 Million to Low-Income 88 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization Department of Energy Provides Nearly $88 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization June 29, 2007 - 2:36pm Addthis Funding is Second Installment of $200 Million in Total Weatherization Grants for FY 2007 WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced $88 million in weatherization grants to 20 states to make energy efficiency improvements in homes of low-income families. Weatherization can reduce an average home's energy costs by $358 annually, and this year, DOE expects funding to weatherize approximately 70,000 homes nationwide. For every dollar spent, weatherization returns $1.53 in energy savings over the life of the measures. DOE's weatherization program performs energy

179

DOE Provides $96.4 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

96.4 Million to Low-Income Families for Home 96.4 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization DOE Provides $96.4 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization July 6, 2006 - 2:50pm Addthis Funding is Second Installment of $243 Million in Total Weatherization Grants for FY 2006 WASHINGTON, D.C. - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Samuel W. Bodman today announced $96.4 million in weatherization program grants to 19 states to make energy efficiency improvements in homes of low-income families. Weatherization can reduce an average home's energy costs by $358 annually. Total Fiscal Year 2006 funding is $243 million and will provide weatherization to approximately 96,560 homes. "Weatherizing your home is a valuable way to save energy and money," Secretary Bodman said. "The Department of Energy's weatherization program

180

Department of Energy Provides Nearly $112 Million to Low-Income Families  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

112 Million to Low-Income 112 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization Department of Energy Provides Nearly $112 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization March 29, 2007 - 12:17pm Addthis Funding is First Installment of $204.5 Million in Total Weatherization Grants for FY 2007 WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced $111.6 million in weatherization grants to 30 states and the Navajo Nation to make energy efficiency improvements in homes of low-income families. Weatherization can reduce an average home's energy costs by $358 annually. Total Fiscal Year 2007 funding is $204.5 million and will provide weatherization to approximately 70,000 homes. "Weatherization is a valuable way to help save money and energy," DOE Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Key worker housing : a demand analysis of middle-income workforce housing in eastern Massachusetts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Boston Metropolitan Area is one of the most expensive places to live in the United States. In recent years studies have speculated that middle-income workers have had to endure increased commute times as they have moved ...

Sacks, Sean D

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Equitable economic energy efficiency : creating good jobs in low-income efficiency programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy efficiency is an important consideration in energy policy-making. So, a federal program aimed at funding "energy efficiency retrofits" for low-income households could be an important step in increasing the overall ...

Sarin, Amit

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Low-income communities in World Heritage Cities : revitalizing neighborhoods in Tunis and Quito  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the 1970s, international preservation and funding agencies have promoted revitalization projects in developing countries aiming to, among other things, benefit low-income communities. For the most part, these projects ...

Young, T. Luke, 1972-

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Community transportation : alternative transportation provision in a low-income neighborhoods in southeast Atlanta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regional transit agencies are ineffective at meeting many of the basic transportation needs of a clustered "Study Area" of low-income Atlanta neighborhoods. For transit dependant residents in the Study Area, getting to the ...

Alexander, James W., 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Energy Department Provides $140.3 Million to Low-Income Families...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

grants to 31 states and the Navajo Nation to make energy efficiency improvements in homes of low-income families; weatherization can reduce an average home's energy costs by...

186

Department of Energy Provides Nearly $112 Million to Low-Income...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

grants to 30 states and the Navajo Nation to make energy efficiency improvements in homes of low-income families. Weatherization can reduce an average home's energy costs by...

187

Predicting School Readiness for Low-Income Children With Disability Risks Identified Early.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study examined school readiness at kindergarten entry for low-income children whose disability indicators were identified before age 3. Data were collected as part ofthe Early Head Start Research and Evaluation ...

Jeon, Hyun-Joo; Peterson, Carla A.; Wall, Shavaun; Carta, Judith J.; Gayle, Luze; Eshbaugh, Elaine M.; Swanson, Mark

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Low-income housing : alternative strategies for building construction and project control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Housing low-income groups, who cannot afford even the most minimal shelter, remains a dominant issue in most developing countries. However, all the solutions advanced so far depend on large investments, either by the ...

Sultan, Javed

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

How Domestic Public Policy Goes Global: Immigrants’ Transnational Allocations of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This exploratory study examines the ways in which immigrants in the USA utilize a domestic public policy, the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), for transnational purposes. We...explicitly use their refunds for tra...

Catherine Simpson Bueker; Katrin Križ

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Low income housing tax credit properties : non-profit disposition strategies in the Commonwealth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines how non-profit owners in Massachusetts have maintained affordability and ownership of Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) properties after the initial fifteen-year compliance period, at the lowest ...

Lew-Hailer, Lillian

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit : HERA, ARRA and beyond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) has arguably been the most successful government subsidy to finance affordable housing. Since its creation in the Tax Reform Act of 1986 as Internal Revenue Code (IRC) Section 42, ...

Korb, Jason (Jason Bryan Patricof)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Higher occupancy humanism : the trade-offs for encouraging middle income housing in a global city  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In high density urban areas where the land acquisition and construction cost components are significant relative to total development costs, the market typically supplies a high-income housing product in order to justify ...

Konishi, Ryunosuke, 1975-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

New Hampshire Electric Co-Op- Low-Income Energy Assistance Grant Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Energy Assistance Program is designed to help NHEC's income-qualified members manage energy use with the goal of lowering total energy costs. Qualified members living in an apartment or house,...

194

A credit risk management model for a portfolio of low-income consumer loans in Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low-income consumer lending (LICL) in Latin America has experienced a boom in recent years. This has attracted the interest of a large number of financial players eager to capture a portion in this still under-banked ...

Jiménez Montesinos, Jorge Alberto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Non-minimization of source taxes on labor income: empirical evidence from Germany  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present paper analyzes the choice of tax classes by married couples under the German withholding tax on wage income. Making use of micro data from official tax returns for the year 1998 and conducting simu...

Sven Stöwhase

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Income inequality, welfare and poverty in a developing economy with applications to Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper explores how the behaviour of welfare, income inequality and poverty changes during the course of a country's economic development. the analysis is based on Kuznet's model of sectorial dualism. The ...

N. Kakwani

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Income Inequality, Welfare and Poverty in a Developing Economy with Applications to Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper explores how the behaviour of welfare, income inequality and poverty changes during the course of a country’s economic development. The analysis is based on Kuznet’s model of sectorial dualism. The ...

N. Kakwani

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Displacement, politics and governance : access to low-income housing in a Beirut suburb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lebanon witnessed large-scale phases of internal displacement during and after its civil war (1975-1990). This study analyzes access to low-income housing for a Lebanese Shiites group which has already experienced two ...

Bou Akar, Hiba

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Department of Energy Provides Nearly $88 Million to Low-Income Families for  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Provides Nearly $88 Million to Low-Income Provides Nearly $88 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization Department of Energy Provides Nearly $88 Million to Low-Income Families for Home Weatherization June 29, 2007 - 2:36pm Addthis Funding is Second Installment of $200 Million in Total Weatherization Grants for FY 2007 WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced $88 million in weatherization grants to 20 states to make energy efficiency improvements in homes of low-income families. Weatherization can reduce an average home's energy costs by $358 annually, and this year, DOE expects funding to weatherize approximately 70,000 homes nationwide. For every dollar spent, weatherization returns $1.53 in energy savings over the life of the measures. DOE's weatherization program performs energy

200

Causes, effects, and implications of subletting : experiences from low-income neighborhoods in Third World cities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years increasing numbers of low-income families in Third World cities have found it necessary to share housing accommodation. Those with access to land may be unable to afford to build their house or to pay the ...

Bailey, Susan Ruth

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The scope of the Weatherization Assistance Program: Profile of the population in need  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a national evaluation of its Weatherization Assistance Program, an energy efficiency program that provides financial assistance to qualifying low-income households for the {open_quotes}weatherization{close_quotes} of their housing units. The evaluation, being conducted for the Department by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), is comprised of five studies. One of the five is a two-part analysis of the scope of the Weatherization Assistance Program and other resources devoted to low-income energy efficiency, including the number of dwellings weatherized to date and the population remaining to be served. This study is referred to here as the {open_quotes}Scope{close_quotes} study. This report presents the results of the second part of the {open_quotes}Scope{close_quotes} study, which investigates the characteristics of the population eligible for and in need of the DOE Weatherization Assistance Program - The Profile of the Population in Need. The {open_quotes}Profile{close_quotes} study is an attempt to use the Energy Information Administration`s Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for 1990 to define the weatherization-related characteristics of the low-income population. The RECS, a national survey with a sample size of 5,095 households, is the most reliable source for information regarding residential energy-use and housing characteristics because data is collected from fuel vendors on actual household energy bills and consumption for a large and representative sample of households.

Eisenberg, J.F.; Michels, E.; Carroll, D.; Berdux, N.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

FREE TAX FILING VITA is a program sponsored by the IRS offering income tax preparation for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FREE TAX FILING VITA is a program sponsored by the IRS offering income tax preparation for families with income less than $58,000 for FREE. WALK-IN ONLY (at least 1 hour before closing) MORE INFO: csufvita@gmail.com / 657-278-8681 Free tax filing starts from Jan 31 to Apr 12 We are closed on Feb 1, Apr 3, 4 & 5

de Lijser, Peter

203

Public Management as Citizen Compliance: A Case Study of Income Tax Compliance Behavior in Thailand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

taxes. Thailand is among the three least tax compliant countries with a tax evasion score of 53.34 percent of GDP while the United States (8.6%), Switzerland (9.13%), and Austria (10.43%) are the most tax compliant countries (Tsakumis, Curatola... in handling with tax avoidance so that he suggested the introduction of statutory general anti-avoidance measures instead of using interpretation from the Supreme Court’s decisions. Chanarong (2009) focused on the abuse of tax units to minimize tax burden...

Chandarasorn, Maneekwan

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

204

The development of differences in hospital costs accross income groups in Finland from 1998 to 2010  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractObjective To quantify differences in hospital costs between socioeconomic groups and the development over time. Methods Register data on somatic specialised hospital admissions for patients aged between 25 and 84 in Finland in 1998–2010 were used with income data individually linked to them. The cost of an admission was calculated by multiplying the number of a patient's inpatient days by the inpatient day cost of the patient's DRG. We calculated age-standardised admission costs per resident and per user as well as costs per inpatient day and concentration indices separately for men and women. Results Hospital admission costs reduced with increasing income. The difference between the extreme income quintiles was more than 50% throughout the study period, and this difference widened. However, the cost per inpatient day was more than 20% higher in the highest income group. The differences between income groups were the most prominent in disease categories involving surgery. Conclusions The growth between socioeconomic groups in hospital costs is presumably mainly due to increasing differences in morbidity. More attention needs to be paid to prevention of health inequalities and access to and content of primary care among low-income groups in order to decrease the need for hospitalisations.

Kristiina Manderbacka; Jutta Järvelin; Martti Arffman; Unto Häkkinen; Ilmo Keskimäki

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Population, Consumption & the Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12/11/2009 1 Population, Consumption & the Environment Alex de Sherbinin Center for International of carbon in 2001 · The ecological footprint, a composite measure of consumption measured in hectares kind of consumption is bad for the environment? 2. How are population dynamics and consumption linked

Columbia University

206

Population | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Population Population Dataset Summary Description Total population (in millions) by country, 1980 to 2010. Compiled by Energy Information Administration (EIA). Source EIA Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords EIA Population world Data text/csv icon population_by_country_1980_2010millions.csv (csv, 59.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 1980 - 2010 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote Comments Login or register to post comments If you rate this dataset, your published comment will include your rating.

207

"Table HC7.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005" 5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Space Heating Usage Indicators" "Total U.S. Housing Units",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Do Not Have Heating Equipment",1.2,0.5,0.3,0.2,"Q",0.2,0.3,0.6 "Have Space Heating Equipment",109.8,26.2,28.5,20.4,13,21.8,16.3,37.9 "Use Space Heating Equipment",109.1,25.9,28.1,20.3,12.9,21.8,16,37.3

208

Income Tax Deduction for Energy-Efficient Products | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Income Tax Deduction for Energy-Efficient Products Income Tax Deduction for Energy-Efficient Products Income Tax Deduction for Energy-Efficient Products < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Not to exceed $500 Program Info Start Date 3/23/2007 Expiration Date 07/01/2017 State Virginia Program Type Personal Deduction Rebate Amount 20% of the sales tax paid by an individual Provider Virginia Department of Taxation This incentive is available for dishwashers, clothes washers, air conditioners, ceiling fans, compact fluorescent light bulbs, dehumidifiers, programmable thermostats or refrigerators that meet or exceed federal Energy Star standards. Purchases of fuel cells that generate electricity

209

An Energy Model for a Low Income Rural African Village | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

An Energy Model for a Low Income Rural African Village An Energy Model for a Low Income Rural African Village Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: An Energy Model for a Low Income Rural African Village Agency/Company /Organization: Howells, Alfstad, Victor, Goldstein and Remme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy Phase: Create a Vision Topics: - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: iea-etsap.org/web/Workshop/worksh_6_2003/2003P_howells.pdf Cost: Free UN Region: Southern Africa Language: English This paper reports on efforts to extend a MARKAL energy model for South Africa to include rural energy choices, allowing for computation of optimal energy systems in a typical (non-electrified) rural village.

210

"Table HC7.10 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005" 0 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Home Appliances Usage Indicators" "Total",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Cooking Appliances" "Frequency of Hot Meals Cooked" "3 or More Times A Day",8.2,2.9,2.5,1.3,0.5,1,2.4,4.6 "2 Times A Day",24.6,6.5,7,4.3,3.2,3.6,4.8,10.3 "Once a Day",42.3,8.8,9.8,8.7,5.1,10,5,12.9

211

Reform of Australian urban transport: A CGE-microsimulation analysis of the effects on income distribution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Australian urban transport industries experienced substantial reform during the 1990s leading to significant structural change. Urban transport is typically an important expenditure item for households and structural change in these services may affect households differently depending on their position in the distribution of income and expenditure. We estimate the effects on household income groups of this structural change by applying a computable general equilibrium model incorporating microsimulation behaviour with top-down and bottom-up links. We compare estimates based on a pure microsimulation approach, a top-down approach and a hybrid top-down/bottom-up approach. We estimate small reductions in real income and small reductions in inequality; this pattern is largely replicated across regions. Our results are insensitive to the inclusion of bottom-up links; in contrast, applying a pure microsimulation approach gives accurate results at the aggregate level but underestimates the variation in effects across deciles and regions.

George Verikios; Xiao-guang Zhang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Impact of the FY 2005 Building Technologies Program on United States Employment and Earned Income  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of subprograms on national employment and income. A special purpose version of the IMPLAN input-output model called ImBuild II is used in this study of all 21 Building Technologies Program subprograms in the EERE final FY 2005 budget request to the Office of Management and Budget on February 2, 2004. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and earned income are reported by subprogram for selected years to the year 2030. Energy savings and investments from these subprograms have the potential of creating a total of 396,000 jobs and about $5.6 billion in earned income (2003$) by the year 2030.

Scott, Michael J.; Anderson, Dave M.; Belzer, David B.; Cort, Katherine A.; Dirks, James A.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Hostick, Donna J.

2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

213

Impact of the FY 2009 Building Technologies Program on United States Employment and Earned Income  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of subprograms on national employment and income. A special purpose input-output model called ImSET is used in this study of 14 Building Technologies Program subprograms in the EERE final FY 2009 budget request to the Office of Management and Budget in February 2008. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and earned income are reported by subprogram for selected years to the year 2025. Energy savings and investments from these subprograms have the potential of creating a total of 258,000 jobs and about $3.7 billion in earned income (2007$) by the year 2025.

Livingston, Olga V.; Scott, Michael J.; Hostick, Donna J.; Dirks, James A.; Cort, Katherine A.

2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

214

Impact of the FY 2005 Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program on United States Employment and Earned Income  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of subprograms on national employment and income. A special purpose version of the IMPLAN input-output model called ImBuild II is used in this study of 20 subprograms of the Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program contained in the EERE final FY 2005 budget request to the Office of Management and Budget on February 2, 2004. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and earned income are reported by subprogram for selected years to the year 2030. Energy savings and investments from these subprograms have the potential of creating a total of 228,000 jobs and about $3.1 billion in earned income (2003$) by the year 2030.

Scott, Michael J.; Anderson, David M.; Belzer, David B.; Cort, Katherine A.; Dirks, James A.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Hostick, Donna J.

2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

215

The impact of the low income housing tax credit program on local schools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The low-income housing tax credit (LIHTC) program has developed over two million rental homes for low-income households since 1986. The perception of deterioration in school quality has been a main reason for community opposition to LIHTC projects in middle- and upper-income areas. In this paper, we examine the impact of LIHTC projects on the nearby school performance using data on all LIHTC projects and elementary schools in Texas from the 2003–04 through 2008–09 academic years. We employ the longitudinal structure of the data to control for school fixed effects and estimate the relationship between the opening of nearby LIHTC on campus-level standardized test scores and performance ratings. We address the potential selection biases by controlling for preexisting trends in school performance prior to the study period. We find no robust evidence that the opening of LIHTC units negatively impacts the performance of nearby elementary schools.

Wenhua Di; James C. Murdoch

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Population Trends and Prospects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...improve-ments in food availability per person, and today the actual number...population growth. Consequently, food production per person in most developing countries...is no improvement in staple food production, primarily cereal grain, in countries...

W. Parker Mauldin

1980-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

217

Populating the Whole Landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Every de Sitter vacuum can transition to every other de Sitter vacuum despite any obstacle, despite intervening anti-de Sitter sinks, despite not being connected by an instanton. Eternal inflation populates the whole landscape.

Adam R. Brown; Alex Dahlen

2012-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

218

Levels of the Rab GDP dissociation inhibitor (GDI) are altered in the prenatal restrain stress mouse model of schizophrenia and are differentially regulated by the mGlu2/3 receptor agonists, LY379268 and LY354740  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract LY379268 and LY354740, two agonists of mGlu2/3 metabotropic glutamate receptors, display different potencies in mouse models of schizophrenia. This differential effect of the two drugs remains unexplained. We performed a proteomic analysis in cultured cortical neurons challenged with either LY379268 or LY354740. Among the few proteins that were differentially influenced by the two drugs, Rab GDP dissociation inhibitor-? (Rab GDI?) was down-regulated by LY379268 and showed a trend to an up-regulation in response to LY354740. In cultured hippocampal neurons, LY379268 selectively down-regulated the ? isoform of Rab GDI. Rab GDI inhibits the activity of the synaptic vesicle-associated protein, Rab3A, and is reduced in the brain of schizophrenic patients. We examined the expression of Rab GDI in mice exposed to prenatal stress (“PRS mice”), which have been described as a putative model of schizophrenia. Rab GDI? protein levels were increased in the hippocampus of PRS mice at postnatal days (PND)1 and 21, but not at PND60. At PND21, PRS mice also showed a reduced depolarization-evoked [3H]d-aspartate release in hippocampal synaptosomes. The increase in Rab GDI? levels in the hippocampus of PRS mice was reversed by a 7-days treatment with LY379268 (1 or 10 mg/kg, i.p.), but not by treatment with equal doses of LY354740. These data strengthen the validity of PRS mice as a model of schizophrenia, and show for the first time a pharmacodynamic difference between LY379268 and LY354740 which might be taken into account in an attempt to explain the differential effect of the two drugs across mouse models.

Rosamaria Orlando; Marina Borro; Marta Motolese; Gemma Molinaro; Sergio Scaccianoce; Alessandra Caruso; Luigi di Nuzzo; Filippo Caraci; Francesco Matrisciano; Anna Pittaluga; Jerome Mairesse; Maurizio Simmaco; Robert Nisticò; James A. Monn; Ferdinando Nicoletti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Race, median household income, and primary Grade IV glioma treatment patterns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...behaviors among a population of Hispanic origin. Daisy Gonzalez 1...population subgroups, including Hispanics. Objective: This study assessed...population-based sample of Hispanic women in PR. Methods: This...complex sampling design of households in the San Juan Metropolitan...

Jill S. Barnholtz-Sloan; Vonetta L. Williams; Marc Chamberlain; and Andrew E. Sloan

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

220

Travel of Diverse Populations: Literature Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

groups. Non-Hispanic White households have the highest rateBlack-White and Hispanic-White household income gaps alsozero-vehicle households among Hispanic immigrants declines

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Indeterminacy with Constant Money Growth Rules and Income-Based Liquidity Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Indeterminacy with Constant Money Growth Rules and Income-Based Liquidity Constraints Stefano Bosi Abstract We study the implications of constant money growth rules on the sta- bility properties. In this context, the steady state value of the velocity of money becomes a cru- cial parameter for gauging whether

Boyer, Edmond

222

AUBURN UNIVERSITY POLICY AND PROCEDURES ON PROGRAM INCOME ASSOCIATED WITH SPONSORED PROJECTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AUBURN UNIVERSITY POLICY AND PROCEDURES ON PROGRAM INCOME ASSOCIATED WITH SPONSORED PROJECTS POLICY that further the objectives of the project for which the award was made and which are in accordance with the financial policies and procedures of Auburn University. A separate FOP will be established for processing

Tam, Tin-Yau

223

Incidence of ischemic stroke according to income level among older people: the 3C study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Incidence of ischemic stroke according to income level among older people: the 3C study Olivier 26 25. Email: olivier.grimaud@ehesp.fr Abstract Background Stroke has been shown to follow a social between socioeconomic status and ischemic stroke risk amongst older people. Setting The Cities of Bordeaux

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

224

Instructions of the NTU Health Exam for Incoming Exchange Students at NTU Hospital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Instructions of the NTU Health Exam for Incoming Exchange Students at NTU Hospital (Health Exam Hospital (1 Chan-der Street, Taipei. Near MRT National Taiwan University Hospital Station) (Items at the Department of Family Medicine, examine room No.13, National Taiwan University Hospital. Tel: (02

Wu, Yih-Min

225

STUDENT'S COPY (*Revised, added VAWA, Foreign Income, Nonresident alien, Filing status update for student  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDENT'S COPY 9/24/2014 (*Revised, added VAWA, Foreign Income, Nonresident alien, Filing status of alien registration card or I-94 or stamped passport VETERAN STATUS: DD214 form or a VA statement Immigrants-qualified aliens also known as VAWA: These students may be eligible for aid. They will provide us

Rosen, Jay

226

Instructions for Form U.S. Income Tax Return for Certain Nonresident Aliens With No Dependents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2013 Instructions for Form 1040NR-EZ U.S. Income Tax Return for Certain Nonresident Aliens Disclosure Under Section 6114 or 7701(b). Form 8840, Closer Connection Exception Statement for Aliens. Form chapter 1 of Pub. 519, U.S. Tax Guide for Aliens. Additional Information If you need more information, our

Varela, Carlos

227

Page 1 of 2 Rev. 7/05 Request for Alien Information for Miscellaneous Income Payments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 of 2 Rev. 7/05 Request for Alien Information for Miscellaneous Income Payments IMPORTANT ­ Request for Alien Information is used to obtain basic taxpayer information for aliens. Part 2 for Alien Information: *Payee's Social Security Number or Individual Tax Identification Number

Krovi, Venkat

228

NERC Science Allocation contains NC + RPtrans + V Internal Income from NERC contains competitively won  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Equipment Pool Ship's Capital Capital Maintenance NOC Capital Funding 2010 /2011 ÂŁMs 4.22 1.99 1.02 1.76 0 External Income (including University reimbursement) Science Support includes expenditure in relation.66 NOC Total Expenditure 2010 /2011 ÂŁMs 14.18 16.11 2.50 Science &Tecnology National Marine Facilities

Matthews, Adrian

229

FARM NET INCOME IMPACT OF SWITCHGRASS PRODUCTION AND CORN STOVER COLLECTION FOR HEAT AND POWER GENERATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FARM NET INCOME IMPACT OF SWITCHGRASS PRODUCTION AND CORN STOVER COLLECTION FOR HEAT AND POWER and Corn Stover Collection for Heat and Power Generation Mitchell A. Myhre Advisor: Associate Professor heat and electric power. To perform this analysis, yield and production potentials were explored

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

230

Economic Impact of Low Income Health Program Spending on Select California Counties by Laurel Lucia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Economic Impact of Low Income Health Program Spending on Select California Counties by Laurel of providers. The LIHP will also have broader economic benefits in each county where the program operates. County health spending supports economic output and jobs in hospitals, clinics and other health care

Militzer, Burkhard

231

Development of Energy-Efficient Housing for Low-Income Texas Residents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this Center for Energy and Mineral Research (CEMR) funded study is to improve the energy use in low-income housing in the State of Texas. This study aims at achieving energy-efficiency by using a combination of measured data...

Haberl, J. S.; Kootin-Sanwu, V.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Monitored Energy Use Patterns in Low-Income Housing in a Hot and Humid Climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) is metering energy use in two Habitat for Humanity developments. The objective is to understand how energy is used in low income housing and how it can be effectively reduced. The ten "control homes" come from...

Parker, D. S.; Mazzara, M. D.; Sherwin, J. R.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Risk perception, drinking water source and quality in a low-income Latino community  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Risk perception, drinking water source and quality in a low-income Latino community along the U regarding the quality of municipal drinking water supplies The Arizona Republic. 2007. Thirsty Arizona. Vol of bottled and tap water used by residents in Nogales, AZ according to the EPA primary drinking water

Fay, Noah

234

Abstract B22: Demographic and psychosocial predictors of low-income mothers’ decision to vaccinate their daughters against HPV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...predictors of low-income mothers decision to vaccinate their daughters...part on low-income mothers decisions to either vaccinate or not...waiting-room assessment of theory-driven factors associated with medical decision-making. Daughters vaccination...

Tiffany Floyd

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Principles of Population Health Science Population Health 795  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Principles of Population Health Science Population Health 795 A course in the Program in Population Health Fall 2012 University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Medicine and Public Health The lecture in medicine and public health, inequities in health persist. Understanding health on a population level

Sheridan, Jennifer

236

Income distribution effects of the Swedish 1991 tax reform: An analysis of a microsimulation using generalized Kakwani decomposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 1991 a major tax reform was implemented in Sweden. This study compares the income equalization (income redistribution), vertical and horizontal equity properties of the pre- and post-reform tax and transfer systems. The method used is a decomposition, first proposed by Kakwani (1984), of the difference between the generalized Gini coefficients of the pre- and post-tax/transfer income distributions. The post-reform income distribution was obtained through a microsimulation carried out by the Ministry of Finance. Several findings on the income distribution effect of the 1991 tax and benefit reform emerge from the study. The overall methodological conclusion is that much more information was gained when different generalizations of the decomposition were considered.

Mćrten Palme

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Population Ecology Philip M. Dixon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Population Ecology Philip M. Dixon Department of Statistics Iowa State University 20 December 2001 Population ecology is the discipline in ecology that deals with the structure and dynamics (e.g. growth interacting populations. Population ecology is closely related to other ecological disciplines, e

238

Electronic filing, tax preparers and participation in the Earned Income Tax Credit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2002 more than 18 million low-income individual taxpayers received the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC). Despite its size, non-participation in this program is a concern and substantial effort is devoted by the IRS, local governments and many non-profits to address it. Using variation across states in the introduction of state electronic filing programs, we show that the introduction of electronic filing had a significant effect on participation in the EITC. Our results are robust to accounting for other welfare, EITC and IRS reforms introduced during the same period. We speculate that the impact of this policy change on the tax preparation industry played an important role in increasing participation.

Wojciech Kopczuk; Cristian Pop-Eleches

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Energy consumption and expenditure projections by income quintile on the basis of the Annual Energy Outlook 1997 forecast  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an analysis of the relative impacts of the base-case scenario used in the Annual Energy Outlook 1997, published by the US Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, on income quintile groups. Projected energy consumption and expenditures, and projected energy expenditures as a share of income, for the period 1993 to 2015 are reported. Projected consumption of electricity, natural gas, distillate fuel, and liquefied petroleum gas over this period is also reported for each income group. 33 figs., 11 tabs.

Poyer, D.A.; Allison, T.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

The Global Economy and Changes in the Determinants of Cross-National Income Inequality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the idea ~hat asymmetrical economic dependence of LDCs on core nations produces the "development of underdevelopment" in LDCs (Frank 1969; Galtung 1971; Chase-Dunn 1975; Kaufma~ et al. 1975; Rubinson 1976; Bornschier, et al. 1978; Bornschler and Ballmer-Cao..., for example, calling for an expansion of the host country's infrastructure (Bornschier and Ballmer-Cao, 1979: 499). This diverts resources that could be used to redistribute income to poorer members of society. Sunkel (1973) asserts that the connection...

Morris, Theresa M.

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Health Services in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Financing, Payment, and Provision  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This article reviews the financing, payment methods, and nature of providers in the health systems of low- and middle-income countries. It also addresses four contentious issues: the appropriate mix of financing sources for universal coverage of health care, role and impact of development assistance for health, desirability of incentive-based payments on both demand and supply sides, and role of private agencies in health system arrangements.

A. Mills; J. Hsu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Table HC1-3a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income, 3a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total 2001 Household Income Below Poverty Line Eli- gible for Fed- eral Assist- ance 1 RSE Row Factors Less than $14,999 $15,000 to $29,999 $30,000 to $49,999 $50,000 or More 0.6 1.3 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.4 1.0 Total ............................................... 107.0 18.7 22.9 27.1 38.3 15.0 33.8 3.3 Census Region and Division Northeast ...................................... 20.3 3.3 4.2 4.9 7.8 2.6 6.8 6.4 New England .............................. 5.4 0.8 1.1 1.3 2.3 0.6 1.6 9.9 Middle Atlantic ............................ 14.8 2.6 3.2 3.5 5.6 2.0 5.2 7.7 Midwest ......................................... 24.5 3.7 5.2 6.8 8.9 2.8 7.4 5.8 East North Central ......................

243

Using mobile technology to impact fruit and vegetable consumption in low-income youth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inadequate compared to national recommendations across the population and interventions to increase FV intake in pediatric populations have shown mixed results. This study utilized mobile health technology (mHealth, handheld computers) to deliver...

Hutcheson, Tresza Denae

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

244

Population and Climate Change:Population and Climate Change: Coupling Population Models withCoupling Population Models with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coupling Population Models with Earth System ModelsEarth System Models Eugenia Kalnay, Safa Motesharrei, Jorge Rivas Change: Fully Coupling Population and Earth System Models" My research at the U. of Maryland #12

Kalnay, Eugenia

245

Understanding how low-income families prioritize elements of health care access for their children via the optimal care model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Insurance coverage alone does not guarantee access to needed health care. Few studies have explored what “access” means to low-income families, nor have they examined how elements of access are prioritized whe...

Heather Angier; Jessica Gregg; Rachel Gold…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Predicting Consumption Expenditure for the Analysis of Health Care Financing Equity in Low Income Countries: a Comparison of Approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The analysis of equity in the distribution of health care payments requires nationally representative income and expenditure surveys, containing information on health care payments and ability to pay. Such nat...

Gemini Mtei; Josephine Borghi; Kara Hanson

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

The Impact of the Earned Income Tax Credit on Economic Well-Being: A Comparison Across Household Types  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using survey data from Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) recipients in Madison County, New ... of the EITC across household types. For tax years 2002 through 2004, we find that ... of EITC amounts, poverty rates, u...

Nicole B. Simpson; Jill Tiefenthaler; Jameson Hyde

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

A Life-Cycle General Equilibrium Simulation Model with Continuous Income Distribution An Application to an Aging Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chapters 3 through 6 incorporated plural representative households with unequal incomes in each cohort, and addressed the problem of intragenerational redistribution. However, the changes in the variance of li...

Akira Okamoto Ph.D.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Forecasting Agriculturally Driven Global Environmental Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of each variable on GDP (13, 17), combined with global GDP projections (14...population, and per capita GDP, combined with projected...measure of agricultural demand for water, is forecast...Just as demand for energy is the major cause...

David Tilman; Joseph Fargione; Brian Wolff; Carla D'Antonio; Andrew Dobson; Robert Howarth; David Schindler; William H. Schlesinger; Daniel Simberloff; Deborah Swackhamer

2001-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

250

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.9 Low-Income Housing  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

7 7 Residential Energy Burdens, by Weatherization Eligibility and Year (1) 1987 Mean Mean Mean Mean Mdn Mean Mean Mdn Mean Group Indvdl Group Indvdl Indvdl Group Indvdl Indvdl Group Total U.S. Households 4.0% 6.8% 3.2% 6.1% 3.5% 2.4% 7.2% 4.4% 3.2% Federally Eligible 13.0% 14.4% 10.1% 12.1% 7.9% 7.7% 13.8% 9.6% 10.0% Federally Ineligible 4.0% 3.5% N.A. 3.0% 2.6% 2.0% 3.6% 3.1% 2.6% Below 125% Poverty Line 13.0% N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. Note(s): Source(s): 1990 FY 2000 (2) FY 2009 (3) 1) Energy burden can be defined broadly as the burden placed on household incomes by the cost of energy, or the ratio of energy expenditures to income for a household. DOE Weatherization primarily uses mean individual burden and mean group burden since these statistics provide data on how an "average" individual household fares against an "average" group of households (that is, how burdens are

251

The Millenium Development Goals and Tobacco Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

projected population from the United Nations World Population Prospects (2000 Revision), and an average annual growth rate of real GDP

World Health Organization

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Regionalized Global Energy Scenarios Meeting Stringent Climate Targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Energy efficiency improvements) · Per capita income increases · Industrialized regions GDP from 20 by IIASA. (Ecological and Energy efficiency improvements) · Per capita income increases #12;Energy demand improvements) · Per capita income increases · Industrialized regions GDP from 20,000 USD/yr to 50,000 USD

253

Space, Health and Population Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Space, Health SHaPE and Population Economics Changing Demographics and Immigration: Implications for IndianaImplications for Indiana Brigitte Waldorf, Purdue University Farm Policy Study Group b 20 07 December 2010 #12;Space, Health SHaPE and Population Economics America is ... ... Aging #12;Space, Health

254

POPULATION GEOGRAPHY Instructor: Dr. Carr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a year · Crude rates may be misleading: - e.g., CDR, US (8) vs. Mexico (5) -What's going on here? -Are: #12;HOW DOES POPULATION CHANGE? #12;Population Change = Fertility ­ Mortality +/- Migration #12;Crude Birth Rate (CBR): Births/1000 individuals in a year Crude Death Rate (CDR): Deaths/1000 individuals

Lopez-Carr, David

255

The effects of standardized tax rates, average tax rates, and the distribution of income on tax progressivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines the changes in US individual income tax progressivity over the 1986–2003 period using the indexes developed by [Kakwani, N.C., 1976. Measurement of tax progressivity: An international comparison. Economic Journal 87(March), 71–80]. Although progressivity over this time frame has generally been studied in the literature, we provide additional insights by decomposing the changes in index values to account for the effects of concurrent changes in the standardized tax rates, average tax rates, and the income distribution. The decomposition should prove to be particularly useful when different summary indexes lead to conflicting conclusions about progressivity changes, as is often the case. From a policy standpoint, we show that it is the standardized tax rates, a derivative of the legislated tax rates, which need to be monitored and managed to offset the negative progressivity effects of increasing before-tax income inequality.

Govind S. Iyer; Andrew Schmidt; Ananth Seetharaman

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Do households smooth expenditure over anticipated income changes? Evidence from bonus payments to public employees in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides new evidence of consumers’ reaction to an anticipated sizable change in income. Until FY2002, Japanese public employees received predictable large bonus payments three times a fiscal year (in June, December, and March), but the March bonus was abolished in FY2003. We compare the seasonal patterns of public employees’ expenditure before and after the reform of the bonus payment schedule. Contrary to the prediction of the life cycle/permanent income hypothesis (LC/PIH), we find evidence that monthly patterns of household expenditure were significantly affected by the anticipated large change in income pattern. However, at closer inspection, this excess sensitivity of expenditure is observed only for expenditure subcategories of some durability, i.e., durables and semi-durables. Thus, while the LC/PIH does not appear to hold for expenditure (which we observe here), it may still hold for consumption.

Masahiro Hori; Satoshi Shimizutani

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Income and Cost Analysis: Cooperative Cotton Gins and Cooperative Supply Associations of Texas, Season 1949-50.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inputs. The de~ivation of cost estimating equations enables the gin manager to evaluate his own total cost and items of cost in terms of average performance of the whole industry. The gin manager who compares his own costs with standard costs over a...- ard income and costs can evaluate his own net margin situation as to additions or deductions as income is higher or lower than standard and as costs are Power or higher than standard. CONTENTS I I Page Digest 2 "Break-even" Volume-A Concept...

Paulson, W. E.

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.9 Low-Income Housing  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

5 5 Weatherization Program Facts - PY 2010 weatherization funding breakdown: DOE 18.3%, LIHEAP 59.6%, others 22.1%.(1) - The Federal Government's outlay for fuel subsidies runs from $4.0 to 4.4 billion per year. The major two agencies dispensing fuel subsidies are HUD and HHS (through LIHEAP). - In 2006, HUD spent over $1.43 billion annually to pay all or part of the total utility bills (including water/sewer) for 1.2 million low-income units. Utilities (including water) made up approximately 23% of public housing authorities' expenditures. In addition, HUD estimates tenant expenditures on utilities (excluding water) at about $421 million in 2007. - LIHEAP spends 85% of its funding on direct fuel subsidies and weatherization. Up to 15% can be spent for weatherization

259

WEATHERIZING THE HOMES OF LOW-INCOME HOME ENERGY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM CLIENTS: A PROGRAMMATIC ASSESSMENT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CON-486 CON-486 WEATHERIZING THE HOMES OF LOW-INCOME HOME ENERGY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM CLIENTS: A PROGRAMMATIC ASSESSMENT Bruce Tonn Richard Schmoyer Sarah Wagner OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY DOCUMENT AVAILABILITY Reports produced after January 1, 1996, are generally available free via the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge. Web site http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before January 1, 1996, may be purchased by members of the public from the following source. National Technical Information Service 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, VA 22161 Telephone 703-605-6000 (1-800-553-6847) TDD 703-487-4639 Fax 703-605-6900 E-mail info@ntis.fedworld.gov Web site http://www.ntis.gov/support/ordernowabout.htm Reports are available to DOE employees, DOE contractors, Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE) representatives,

260

Exploring the Roles of Geographic and Neighborhood Level Factors on HPV Vaccine Access and Uptake among Low-income Populations in Los Angeles County  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2008). "Health and economic implications of HPV vaccination2008). "Health and economic implications of HPV vaccination2008). "Health and economic implications of HPV vaccination

Tsui, Jennifer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Exploring the Roles of Geographic and Neighborhood Level Factors on HPV Vaccine Access and Uptake among Low-income Populations in Los Angeles County  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tsui, J. , Chang, L. C. , Marchand, E. J. , Taylor, V. M.Tsui, J. , Chang, L. C. , Marchand, E. J. , Taylor, V. M.Tsui, J. , Chang, L. C. , Marchand, E. J. , Taylor, V. M.

Tsui, Jennifer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Abstract B92: HPV and Pap test results among low-income, underserved women: Providing insights into management strategies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Atlanta, GA Abstract B92: HPV and Pap test results among low-income, underserved...HC2: Qiagen). An additional research test to determine type-specific HPV results...women, mean age 45.1 years. The HPV test was positive in 7.2% and cytology abnormalities...

Mona Saraiya; Vicki Benard; April Greek; Martin Steinau; Sonya Patel; Diane Manninen; George Sawaya; Stuart Massad; Elizabeth Unger

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Student Awards & Financial Aid Office | University of Windsor Income Update Form: Reduced Course Load/Withdrawn/Reinstate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Load/Withdrawn/Reinstate Last Name: _______________________________________ SIN & Financial Aid Office of the following changes to the information previously submitted on my OSAP application information. COURSE LOAD/INCOME UPDATE UNTIL I REDUCED MY COURSE LOAD I have reduced my course load below 60

264

Implementation Science in Cancer Prevention and Control: A Framework for Research and Programs in Low- and Middle-Income Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...while compiling and providing information on community-based resources...Several mobile health (mhealth) initiatives that utilize...relevance of communicating health information through this medium in high-income...telecommunications technology in LMICs, mhealth and may offer a practical...

Sudha Sivaram; Michael A. Sanchez; Barbara K. Rimer; Jonathan M. Samet; and Russell E. Glasgow

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

E000308 economic development and the environment Economic development in low-income economies is initially highly resource-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E000308 economic development and the environment Economic development in low-income economies sources of emissions that contribute to global climate change. Economic development depends on sustained drawdowns, may affect economic development in a dynamic interaction. This feedback is hard to quantify

Coxhead, Ian

266

Effects on minority and low-income households of the EPA proposal to reduce leaded gasoline use  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To reduce the potentially harmful environmental effects of lead in the environment, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has proposed a reduction in the amount of lead used in leaded gasoline. This report examines the potential impacts of such action on minority and low-income households in the US. The benefits of the EPA's proposal would presumably accrue primarily to households that contain small children and that are located in the central cities of metropolitan areas. This is because small children (under age seven) are particularly susceptible to the effects of lead and also because the automobile traffic density in central cities is higher than in any other area. Potential costs are examined in terms of households that own vehicles requiring leaded gasoline. Costs could accrue either because of higher gasoline prices due to reduced lead content or because of higher vehicle repair costs for engines that must use leaded gasoline to prevent excessive wear. Because of their location and number, minority and low-income households with small children would benefit more than the average US household. No costs would be incurred by the relatively large segment of minority and low-income households that own no vehicles. However, the Hispanic and other minority (except black) and low-income households that do own vehicles have a greater than average share of vehicles that require leaded gasoline; costs to these households because of the EPA's proposed action would be comparatively high.

Rose, K.; LaBelle, S.; Winter, R.; Klein, Y.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Left to Our Own Devices – Financing Efficiency for Small Business and Low-Income Families (2009 Environmental Defense Fund Report)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

There is a widely known gap between cost-effective behavior, consumption patterns and actual marketplace conditions. This •engineering gap/efficiency gap is particularly the case for low-income households and small businesses, which tend to depend on older, inefficient equipment. This study identifies the limitations of current and potential of relatively new mechanisms for efficiency investment micro-financing.

268

An Analysis of Low Cost, Energy Efficient, Housing for Low-income Residents of How and Humid Climates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the implementation of cost-effective construction of low-income housing using volunteer labor. The research uses a case study approach where a base-line energy use is established using a comparative Princeton Score Keeping Method (PRISM) analysis and measurements...

Kootin-Sanwu, Victor

269

Roundtable on prevention of fraud and abuse in low income weatherization programs, March 23--24, 1987, Highland Hotel, Washington, DC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains: Identification of Issues and Preventive Measures Associated with Fraud and Abuse in Low Income Conservation Programs; Working Papers Prepared by Roundtable Discussants; Annotated Bibliography of Publications Related to Prevention/Detection of Fraud and Abuse in DOE and LIHEAP Conservation Programs; and List of Members on Task Force for Prevention of Fraud and Abuse in Low Income Weatherization Programs.

Not Available

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Mobile health for cancer in low to middle income countries: priorities for research and development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh Medical School Teviot Place, Edinburgh UK EH8 9AG David Weller, MBMS, MPH, FRCGP, FRCPE, PhD James MacKenzie Professor of General Practice Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh... communication, 17 Suppl 1(May 2012), pp.105–117. Lester, R.T. et al., 2010. Effects of a mobile phone short message service on antiretroviral treatment adherence in Kenya (WelTel Kenya1): a randomised trial. Lancet, 376(9755), pp.1838–1845. Mahmud, N., Rodriguez...

Holeman, Isaac; Evans, Jay; Kane, Dianna; Grant, Liz; Pagliari, Claudia; Weller, David

2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

271

The energy saving potential of precooling incoming outdoor air by indirect evaporative cooling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates the energy saving potentials of using indirect evaporative coolers to precool incoming outdoor air as the first stage of a standard cooling system. For dry and moderately humid locations, either exhaust room air or outdoor air can be used as the secondary air to the indirect evaporative precooler with similar energy savings. Under these conditions, the use of outdoor air is recommended due to the simplicity in installing the duct system. For humid locations, the use of exhaust room air is recommended because the precooling capacity and energy savings will be greatly increased. For locations with short cooling seasons, the use of indirect evaporative coolers for precooling may not be worthwhile. The paper also gives some simplified indices for easily predicting the precooling capacity, energy savings and water consumption of an indirect evaporative precooler. These indices can be used for cooling systems with continuous operation, but further work is needed to determine whether the same indices are also suitable for cooling systems with intermittent operations.

Chen, P.; Qin, H.; Huang, Y.J.; Wu, H.; Blumstein, C.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Measuring the social impacts associated with Super Bowl XLIII: Preliminary development of a psychic income scale  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sport mega-events have taken on an elevated profile and assumed a key role as urban and regional development strategies. While a number of studies have investigated the potential impacts of these events, most (not surprisingly) have focused on economic, rather than non-economic outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the non-economic features associated with a high profile mega-event in the United States. Based on Crompton's (2004) psychic income paradigm and a comprehensive review of the extant literature, this article describes the development and validation of a self-report scale designed to measure the psychological impact of Super Bowl XLIII on the residents of Tampa Bay, Florida. The research method followed standard scale development techniques. Initial scale validation (i.e., face and content validity) was assessed through a panel of experts and a field test. Principal component analysis (PCA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were conducted; the results of which revealed that mega-event psychological impact can be examined using 22 items under five factors: (1) community pride as a result of enhanced image, (2) enhanced community attachment, (3) event excitement, (4) community excitement, and (5) pride in efforts to improve community infrastructure.

Woosoon Kim; Matthew Walker

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Integrating Photovoltaic Systems into Low-Income Housing Developments: A Case Study on the Creation of a New Residential Financing Model and Low-Income Resident Job Training Program, September 2011 (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This case study covers the process of successfully integrating photovoltaic (PV) systems into a low-income housing development in northeast Denver, Colorado, focusing specifically on a new financing model and job training. The Northeast Denver Housing Center (NDHC), working in cooperation with Del Norte Neighborhood Development Corporation, Groundwork Denver, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), was able to finance the PV system installations by blending private equity funding with utility rebates, federal tax credits, and public sector funding. A grant provided by the Governor's Energy Office allowed for the creation of the new financing model. In addition, the program incorporated an innovative low-income job training program and an energy conservation incentive program.

Dean, J.; Smith-Dreier, C.; Mekonnen, G.; Hawthorne, W.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Thermodynamics of urban population flows  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Orderliness, reflected via mathematical laws, is encountered in different frameworks involving social groups. Here we show that a thermodynamics can be constructed that macroscopically describes urban population flows. Microscopic dynamic equations and simulations with random walkers underlie the macroscopic approach. Our results might be regarded, via suitable analogies, as a step towards building an explicit social thermodynamics.

A. Hernando and A. Plastino

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

275

Shrinking Global Population: A futuristic scenario  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

global population it will not be a game-changer. #12;Measures for changes in total births 1. TotalShrinking Global Population: A futuristic scenario or a current challenge. Hillel Bar of RSAI - Atlanta November 15, 2013 #12;The evolution of global population Year Global Population

Nagurney, Anna

276

Population Ecology ISSN 1438-3896  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 23 Population Ecology ISSN 1438-3896 Popul Ecol DOI 10.1007/s10144-012-0352-3 Impacts of enemy of Population Ecology and Springer Japan. This e-offprint is for personal use only and shall not be self of Population Ecology and Springer Japan 2012 Abstract In this study, we used data from both experi- ments

de Aguiar, Marcus A. M.

277

Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Design and Evaluation of a Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado Jesse Dean and Otto VanGeet National Renewable Energy Laboratory Scott Simkus Boulder County Housing Authority Mark Eastment Mountain Energy Partnership Technical Report NREL/TP-7A40-51450 March 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette,

278

Patterns of residential energy demand by type of household: white, black, Hispanic, and low- and nonlow-income  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report compares patterns of residential energy use by white, black, Hispanic, low-income, and nonlow-income households. The observed downward trend in residential energy demand over the period of this study can be attributed primarily to changes in space-heating energy demand. Demand for space-heating energy has experienced a greater decline than energy demand for other end uses for two reasons: (1) it is the largest end use of residential energy, causing public attention to focus on it and on strategies for conserving it; and (2) space-heating expenditures are large relative to other residential energy expenditures. The price elasticity of demand is thus greater, due to the income effect. The relative demand for space-heating energy, when controlled for the effect of climate, declined significantly over the 1978-1982 period for all fuels studied. Income classes do not differ significantly. In contrast, black households were found to use more energy for space heating than white households were found to use, although those observed differences are statistically significant only for houses heated with natural gas. As expected, the average expenditure for space-heating energy increased significantly for dwellings heated by natural gas and fuel oil. No statistically significant increases were found in electricity expenditures for space heating. Electric space heat is, in general, confined to milder regions of the country, where space heating is relatively less essential. As a consequence, we would expect the electricity demand for space heating to be more price-elastic than the demand for other fuels.

Klein, Y.; Anderson, J.; Kaganove, J.; Throgmorton, J.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Effects of commercialized deer hunting arrangements on ranch organization, management, costs, and income--the Llano Basin of Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECTS OF COl'1". IERCTALIEED DEER HUNTING ARRANCf&~IENTS ON RANCH ORGANlZATlON, MANAGEHENT, COSTS, AND INCOHE--THE LIMNO BAS1N OF TEFAS A Thesis by NATHAN K. FORRFST Submitted to the Graduate College oz the Texas AEQUI University... in partial fulfillmen' of the ~equirements for the degree of. HASTFR OF SC1ENCI. January 1968 Najor Subject: Agricultural Economics EFFECTS OF COMMERCIALIZED DEER HUNTING ARRANGEMENTS ON RANCH ORGANIZATION, MANAGEMENT, COSTS, AND INCOME--THE LLANO BASIN...

Forrest, Nathan Kelly

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

280

Preventing fraud and abuse in low income weatherization programs: The proceedings of the EORI (Economic Opportunity Research Institute) Roundtable  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Economic Opportunity Research Institute (EORI) sponsored a national Roundtable on ''Prevention of Fraud and Abuse in Low Income Weatherization Programs'' in Washington, DC on March 23-24, 1987. Funding for the Roundtable and these Proceedings was provided jointly by the US Departments of Health and Human Services/Office of Family Assistance and Energy through Grant FG01-85CE63438. The purpose of the Roundtable was two-fold: (1) to share successful and possible replicable state and local measures to prevent fraud and abuse in low income conservation programs; and (2) to identify any areas in these programs where the potential for fraud and abuse may exist and examine methods to curb such potential. A Task Force representing eight states and including both state and local low income conservation program operators was chosen by EORI and the HHS Office of Family Assistance. The Agencies represented had developed successful preventive approaches to curbing fraud and abuse. Additional participants in the Roundtable included representatives from the US Department of Energy, Weatherization Assistance Program Office and the HHS Office of Energy Assistance, along with other state and local program operators.

Not Available

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Consumption-based accounting of CO2 emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...gross domestic product (GDP) brought about by the...global population and per-capita GDP, but also by unanticipated...global increases in the energy intensity of GDP (energy per unit GDP) and the carbon...countries satisfies the demand of consumers in developed countries...

Steven J. Davis; Ken Caldeira

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

IOP PUBLISHING ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS Environ. Res. Lett. 4 (2009) 024010 (7pp) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/4/2/024010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dioxide emissions per unit GDP is represented by the product of energy intensity, which represented in terms of GDP, and changes in technology, typically represented as carbon dioxide emissions per-factors. GDP growth (or contraction) is comprised of changes in population and in per capita GDP. Carbon

Colorado at Boulder, University of

283

CO2-Brine Surface Dissolution and Injection: CO2 Storage Enhancement Paul Emeka Eke, SPE, Mark Naylor, Stuart Haszeldine and Andrew Curtis, Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are population increase, per capita GDP (also known as ``affluence level''), the energy intensity of the economy by the gross domestic product, GDP), energy production, E, carbon-based fuels used for energy production, C (E/GDP) and the carbon intensity of the energy system (C/E). The term E/GDP reflects the sectorial

284

Bringing good things to life : New Markets Tax Credits and the opening of low-income communities to investment, including a case study of Pittsfield, Massachusetts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) Program is designed to promote investment and economic growth in urban and rural low-income communities across the country. Created in 2000 as one of the last acts of the Clinton Administration, ...

McGrath, Daniel J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Swap meets, flea markets, and open-air public markets : a community and economic development model for low-income and underserved neighborhoods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Swap meets, a type of public marketplace, are sites that provide low income and minority communities a place to buy and sell affordable merchandise, as well as create a regular meeting space. In particular, open-air swap ...

Juarez, Jeffrey Edwin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

"Table HC15.3 Household Characteristics by Four Most Populated States, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Household Characteristics by Four Most Populated States, 2005" 3 Household Characteristics by Four Most Populated States, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,"Housing Units (millions)","Four Most Populated States" "Household Characteristics",,"New York","Florida","Texas","California" "Total",111.1,7.1,7,8,12.1 "Household Size" "1 Person",30,1.8,1.9,2,3.2 "2 Persons",34.8,2.2,2.3,2.4,3.2 "3 Persons",18.4,1.1,1.3,1.2,1.8 "4 Persons",15.9,1,0.9,1,2.3 "5 Persons",7.9,0.6,0.6,0.9,0.9 "6 or More Persons",4.1,0.4,"Q",0.5,0.7 "2005 Annual Household Income Category" "Less than $9,999",9.9,0.8,0.7,0.9,1 "$10,000 to $14,999",8.5,0.8,0.4,0.6,0.7

287

Jack Eskin & Jessica Page Economic Development II (Assignment 1) Professor Drucker 10-year study shows creative class city, business recruitment city have had  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

strength through the use of four variables: per capita personal income, regional GDP, average annual, per capita income, GDP, and total employment were weighted closely in value in this index. Having successfully built upon their foundation as a leader in aerospace and energy production

Illinois at Chicago, University of

288

The Low-Income Housing Program in the Louisiana and Mississippi Gulf Opportunity Zones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.573137&zoomlevel=11 (accessed April 24, 2008) (Mississippi Home Corporation 2008); HUD Database provided by CRS 29 (U.S. Census Bureau 2005b); U.S. Census Bureau ACS: 2000 C2SS Tabular Profile for United States -- Table 4. 2000a. http://www.census.gov/acs/www.... 4 (Jackson 2007b) 5 (Jackson 2007a) 6 Wilson, Christopher J., and Timothy L. Jones. "Notice 2008-22. 2008 Calendar Year Resident Population Estimates." Novoco. February 27, 2008. http://www.novoco.com/low...

Christman, Casey; Johnson, David; Rho, Eunju; Stein, Eric; Taylor, Beth

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

INVESTIGATION Inferring Admixture Histories of Human Populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and apply to test for admixture among all populations from the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDPINVESTIGATION Inferring Admixture Histories of Human Populations Using Linkage Disequilibrium Po-range migrations and the resulting admixtures between populations have been important forces shaping human genetic

Reich, David

290

Oil price fluctuations and Its effect on GDP growth.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? During the year of 2008, the world has experienced historically high oil prices reaching an all time high of 147 USD per barrel in… (more)

Gonzalez , Aaron

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

GDP Jobs Direct Structure of Australian economy, employment and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

last page for the data) #12;Australian 2020 carbon abatement cost curve Cost of abatement A$/t CO2e -50 Conservation tillage Agriculture, livestock Afforestation, pasture Reforestation Forest management Energy Geothermal On-shore wind Afforestation, cropland Coal-to-gas shift Agriculture, waste Coal CCS retrofit

Pezzey, Jack

292

Consumer survey data as a basis for the derivation of retail price and income elasticities of demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and recording their response to the price changes. Prices were presented via use of price cards upon which were printed the various price levels. All price levels were presented during the course of one interview. A sample of 300 households in Dallas, Texas... 128 144 LIST OF TABLES Table Page 10 DISTRIBUTION OF SAtlPLF ViOUSEHOLDS BY INCOME AND SIZE CONSUl"iER DEMiAND STUDY, DALLAS, 1968 COMPARISQi'l OF INCOl~iE LEVELS, DEViAND SAMPLE HOUSEHOLDS AND TOTAL DALLAS COUI'lTY HOUSEHOLDS, 1968 Cotisu...

Wilson, Winston Lewis

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

293

Population Density Population density (persons per square kilometer) layers, for 1990  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Population Density Africa Population density (persons per square kilometer) layers, for 1990 the 12 population density classes. Source information: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/gpw/. ÂŽ Robinson://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/place/ Publish Date: 03/13/07 0 1,000 km Population Density 2000 0 Persons \\ Sq.Km 0-2 Persons \\ Sq.Km 2

Columbia University

294

Transport Energy Use and Population Density  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transport Energy Use and Population Density Transport Energy Use and Population Density Speaker(s): Masayoshi Tanishita Date: July 1, 2004 - 10:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Jonathan Sinton After Peter Newman and Jeffrey Kenworthy published "Cities and Automobile Dependence" in 1989, population density was brought to public attention as an important factor to explain transport mobility and energy use. However, several related issues still remain open: Is an increase in population density more effective than rising gas prices in reducing transport energy use? How much does per capita transport energy use change as population density in cities changes? And what kind of factors influence changes in population density? In this presentation, using city-level data in the US, Japan and other countries, the population-density elasticity of

295

Cost-effectiveness of a behavioral weight loss intervention for low-income women: The Weight-Wise Program  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objective Assess the cost-effectiveness of a 16-week weight loss intervention (Weight-Wise) for low-income midlife women. Method A randomized controlled trial conducted in North Carolina in 2007 tested a weight loss intervention among 143 women (40–64 years old, mean BMI = 35.1 kg/m2). Women were randomized to one of two arms—special intervention (n =  72) and a wait-listed control group (n =  71). Effectiveness measures included changes in weight, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, and HDL cholesterol. Cost-effectiveness measures calculated life years gained (LYG) from changes in weight, based on excess years life lost (YLL) algorithm. Results Intervention participants had statistically significant decreases in weight (kg)  (? 4.4 95% CI = ?  5.6,  ? 3.2) and in systolic blood pressure (?  6.2 mm Hg, 95% CI = ?  10.6,  ? 1.7) compared to controls. Total cost of conducting Weight-Wise was $17,403, and the cost per participant in intervention group was $242. The incremental cost per life year gained (discounted) from a decrease in obesity was $1862. Conclusion Our results suggest the Weight-Wise intervention may be a cost-effective approach to improving the health of low-income women.

Alison Gustafson; Olga Khavjou; Sally C. Stearns; Thomas C. Keyserling; Ziya Gizlice; Sara Lindsley; Kathy Bramble; Beverly Garcia; Larry Johnston; Julie Will; Patricia Poindexter; Alice S. Ammerman; Carmen D. Samuel-Hodge

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Nicolas Gruber Environmental Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

! DRIVERS! foss = P · g · e · f = P · · · ! Population! Per capita gross domestic product (GDP/P)! Energy required per unit GDP (E/GDP)! Carbon intensity of energy (foss/E)! GDP! P! E! GDP! foss! E! #12 per year!! CH-Average: !ca 6 tons of CO2 per year! To reach the 2°C stabilization target, the global

Fischlin, Andreas

297

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 Water Heating Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" 8 Water Heating Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Water Heating Characteristics" "Total",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Number of Water Heaters" "1.",106.3,25.8,28,19.6,12.7,20.2,16,37.3 "2 or More",3.7,0.3,0.5,0.9,0.4,1.7,"Q",0.5 "Do Not Use Hot Water",1.1,0.6,0.3,"Q","N","Q",0.5,0.8

298

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Housing Unit Characteristics" "Total",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Census Region and Division" "Northeast",20.6,4.9,5.4,3.5,2.4,4.3,3.2,8.1 "New England",5.5,1.3,1.3,1,0.6,1.2,0.7,2.3 "Middle Atlantic",15.1,3.7,4.1,2.5,1.8,3.1,2.5,5.8 "Midwest",25.6,6.5,6.6,4.7,3,4.8,3.5,9.4

299

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Space Heating Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" 4 Space Heating Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Space Heating Characteristics" "Total",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Do Not Have Space Heating Equipment",1.2,0.5,0.3,0.2,"Q",0.2,0.3,0.6 "Have Main Space Heating Equipment",109.8,26.2,28.5,20.4,13,21.8,16.3,37.9 "Use Main Space Heating Equipment",109.1,25.9,28.1,20.3,12.9,21.8,16,37.3

300

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

HC7.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" HC7.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Home Appliances Characteristics" "Total U.S.",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Cooking Appliances" "Conventional Ovens" "Use an Oven",109.6,26.1,28.5,20.2,12.9,21.8,16.3,37.8 "1.",103.3,25.1,27.1,19.2,12.3,19.6,15.8,36.3 "2 or More",6.2,0.9,1.4,1,0.6,2.2,0.5,1.5

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Home Electronics Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" 1 Home Electronics Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Home Electronics Characteristics" "Total",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Personal Computers" "Do Not Use a Personal Computer ",35.5,17.1,10.8,4.2,1.8,1.6,10.3,20.6 "Use a Personal Computer",75.6,9.6,18,16.4,11.3,20.3,6.4,17.9 "Number of Desktop PCs" "1.",50.3,8.3,14.2,11.4,7.2,9.2,5.3,14.2

302

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Living Space Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" 2 Living Space Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Living Space Characteristics" "Total",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Floorspace (Square Feet)" "Total Floorspace1" "Fewer than 500",3.2,1.9,0.9,"Q","Q","Q",1.3,2.3 "500 to 999",23.8,10.5,7.3,3.3,1.4,1.2,6.6,12.9 "1,000 to 1,499",20.8,5.8,7,3.8,2.2,2,3.9,8.9

303

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Lighting Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005" 3 Lighting Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Lighting Usage Indicators" "Total U.S. Housing Units",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Indoor Lights Turned On During Summer" "Number of Lights Turned On" "Between 1 and 4 Hours per Day",91.8,20.8,23.6,17,11.3,19.1,13,30.7 "1.",28.6,9.4,9.1,4.5,2.4,3.2,5.7,12.6 "2.",29.5,6.8,8,5.8,3.7,5.2,4.2,10.2

304

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Household Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" 3 Household Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Household Characteristics" "Total",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Household Size" "1 Person",30,13.5,8.5,4.3,2,1.8,5.9,13.1 "2 Persons",34.8,6,8.8,7.3,4.4,8.4,3.5,8.4 "3 Persons",18.4,3.1,4.7,3.4,2.5,4.6,2,5.8 "4 Persons",15.9,2.2,3.5,3.3,2.7,4.3,2.2,5.1

305

Defining a royalty from a South African perspective for the purposes of the South African Income Tax Act and the South African application of its Double Tax Treaty network.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Includes abstract. Inludes bibliographical references. The word “royalty” is used in South Africa’s Income Tax Act No. 58 of 1962 (“ITA”) at various points. Although… (more)

Buckley, Ryan.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Comparing the relationship between stature and later life health in six low and middle income countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper examines the relationship between stature and later life health in 6 emerging economies, each of which are expected to experience significant increases in the mean age of their populations over the coming decades. Using data from the WHO Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) and pilot data from the Longitudinal Ageing Study in India (LASI), I show that various measures of health are associated with height, a commonly used proxy for childhood environment. In the pooled sample, a 10 cm increase in height is associated with between a 2 and 3 percentage point increase in the probability of being in very good or good self-reported health, a 3 percentage point increase in the probability of reporting no difficulties with activities of daily living or instrumental activities of daily living, and between a fifth and a quarter of a standard deviation increase in grip strength and lung function. Adopting a methodology previously used in the research on inequality, I also summarise the height-grip strength gradient for each country using the concentration index, and provide a decomposition analysis.

Mark E. McGovern

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Short and Long-Term Perspectives: The Impact on Low-Income Consumers of Forecasted Energy Price Increases in 2008 and A Cap & Trade Carbon Policy in 2030  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA) recently released its short-term forecast for residential energy prices for the winter of 2007-2008. The forecast indicates increases in costs for low-income consumers in the year ahead, particularly for those using fuel oil to heat their homes. In the following analysis, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory has integrated the EIA price projections with the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for 2001 in order to project the impact of these price increases on the nation's low-income households by primary heating fuel type, nationally and by Census Region. The report provides an update of bill estimates provided in a previous study, "The Impact Of Forecasted Energy Price Increases On Low-Income Consumers" (Eisenberg, 2005). The statistics are intended for use by policymakers in the Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program and elsewhere who are trying to gauge the nature and severity of the problems that will be faced by eligible low-income households during the 2008 fiscal year. In addition to providing expenditure forecasts for the year immediately ahead, this analysis uses a similar methodology to give policy makers some insight into one of the major policy debates that will impact low-income energy expenditures well into the middle decades of this century and beyond. There is now considerable discussion of employing a cap-and-trade mechanism to first limit and then reduce U.S. emissions of carbon into the atmosphere in order to combat the long-range threat of human-induced climate change. The Energy Information Administration has provided an analysis of projected energy prices in the years 2020 and 2030 for one such cap-and-trade carbon reduction proposal that, when integrated with the RECS 2001 database, provides estimates of how low-income households will be impacted over the long term by such a carbon reduction policy.

Eisenberg, Joel Fred [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Acquisition of hearing aids and assistive listening devices among the pediatric hearing-impaired population  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sufficient access to health care is of concern to the indigent population in the US and to their health care providers. This study was undertaken to elucidate the rate of the follow-up among lower socioeconomic hearing-impaired pediatric patients who had received a recommendation for hearing aids and/or assistive listening devices. Our question was, would the families’ financial situation have a negative effect on the acquisition of hearing aids and assistive listening devices? Fifty patients, age 0–18 years, who had been seen in our clinic over 2 years were evaluated via a telephone survey. The survey consisted of seven questions, including whether or not the devices or aids were obtained, what type was purchased, where the device was being used, and the child’s apparent performance with the device. Eighty-two percent of our patients were on TennCare, a state mandated Medicaid HMO system. Two-thirds of these TennCare patients are at or below the poverty level and the remaining one-third is either disabled or uninsurable according to the Aid for Dependent Children (AFDC) with indeterminate income. In addition the TennCare organization did not cover hearing amplification equipment for these children. The study showed that the majority of the patients did follow-up as recommended. Furthermore, this equipment is easily obtainable for the pediatric indigent population due to financial resources available in the community outside the mandated Medicaid system.

Fannie S Leake; Jerome W Thompson; Erin Simms; James Bailey; Rose Mary S Stocks; Anne M Murphy

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Robust scheduling of smart appliances with uncertain electricity prices in a heterogeneous population  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Majority of the research conducted in the field of optimal scheduling of smart appliances does not consider the inherent uncertainties in this problem. Besides, the ones that count for the uncertainty usually assume full knowledge about the exact form of the probability distribution of the uncertain parameters. This assumption is hardly fulfilled in reality. In this paper, we seek to find solutions that are robust with respect to the probability distribution of the uncertain parameters while making no explicit assumptions about their exact forms. Accordingly, we define a chance-constrained model to find the optimal schedule and use robust optimization to characterize its solution and the associated uncertain parameters. We also consider the effect of heterogeneous populations on the optimal solution while simultaneously determining the most appropriate classification for accurate predictions. In the process, we investigate the effect of delays in information sharing on computed optimal conditions and we develop a new classification for in-house appliances. We explore features of our model using price data from the “Olympic Peninsula” project. We anticipate that by pursuing optimal options, a typical customer can save up to 33% in her electricity bills while sacrificing 19% of her comfort level. Moreover, in a heterogeneous population, while the results suggest no direct dependency between savings and income level, a meaningful correlation is detected between savings and employment status.

Nastaran Bassamzadeh; Roger Ghanem; Shuai Lu; Seyed Jalal Kazemitabar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

A Decade of Population Change in Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

population, particularly from 1950 to 1960. It includes selected popula- tion projections to 1970 and points out some of their implications. Among the more significant findings are the following : 1. The total population of Texas on April 1, 1960, was 9... and communications facilities will have to be expanded to meet the needs of rapidly-growing numbers of people. 2. Population growth and losses are unevenly distributed in the State. Between 1950 and 1960, 143 Texas counties lost in population and 111 had...

Skrabanek, R. L.

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Low Income Housing Tax-Credit Report 2002 a c k n o w l e d g e m e n t s  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IHARP Low Income Housing Tax-Credit Report 2002 a c k n o w l e d g e m e n t s Sponsors: Statewide for the Voorhees Neighborhood Center) Layout and Design: Michael Krzewicki #12;IHARP Low Income Housing Tax-Credit Tax-Credit Report 2002 m a p , t a b l e a n d g r a p h i n d e x 12 1 · t o t a l t a x c r e d i

Illinois at Chicago, University of

312

Manager Race and the Race of New Hires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

other Population % Hispanic Median household income (in $other Population % Hispanic Median household income (in $Hispanic Population % other Population % black Median household

Giuliano, Laura; Levine, David I.; Leonard, Jonathan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Cancer Epidemiology Population Health Sciences 750  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-01/5/11-1 Cancer Epidemiology Population Health Sciences 750 3 credits When: Spring 2011 (1 Audience: This course is intended for students in health-related disciplines interested in cancer etiology. the unequal burden of cancer among populations and variations across time and geography, 2. the distinctive

Sheridan, Jennifer

314

Fish Population and Behavior Revealed by Instantaneous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fish Population and Behavior Revealed by Instantaneous Continental Shelf­Scale Imaging Nicholas C-transect methods from slow-moving research vessels. These methods significantly undersample fish populations in time and space, leaving an incomplete and ambiguous record of abundance and behavior. We show that fish

315

Population growth and earth's human carrying capacity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...projected world grain har-vest of 2.1 billion tons in 2030 could feed 2.5 billion people at the U.S...Sustainable risks: An enduring given) (Sdu Uitgeverij Plantijnstraat, Den...estimated a maximum world population of 2 billion. The world's population...

JE Cohen

316

Oil Pollution and Seabird Populations [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 June 1982 research-article Oil Pollution and Seabird Populations [and...time to time by individual incidents of oil pollution, and throughout the year, especially...deal of public concern about the effect of oil pollution on the wellbeing of seabird populations...

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Implementation Science in Cancer Prevention and Control: A Framework for Research and Programs in Low- and Middle-Income Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...International Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities...evaluation of the existing science and practice base has...employs a population science approach as articulated in the...institutions); knowledge management (information collection...

Sudha Sivaram; Michael A. Sanchez; Barbara K. Rimer; Jonathan M. Samet; and Russell E. Glasgow

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Implementation Science in Cancer Prevention and Control: A Framework for Research and Programs in Low- and Middle-Income Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...review-article Reviews Implementation Science in Cancer Prevention and Control: A Framework...Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Rockville...Medicine, Aurora, Colorado. Implementation science is a set of tools, principles, and methodologies...

Sudha Sivaram; Michael A. Sanchez; Barbara K. Rimer; Jonathan M. Samet; Russell E. Glasgow

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

POPULATION ECOLOGY Population Dynamics of the Colorado Potato Beetle in an  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POPULATION ECOLOGY Population Dynamics of the Colorado Potato Beetle in an Agroecosystem with Tomatoes and Potatoes with Management Implications to Processing Tomatoes CHRIS L. HARDING,1 S. J Environ. Entomol. 31(6): 1110Ð1118 (2002) ABSTRACT We evaluated the population dynamics of Colorado potato

320

Population genomics20-02-2009 Antnio Rodrigues; Bruno Santos / 59 Population Genomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Population genomics20-02-2009 AntĂłnio Rodrigues; Bruno Santos / 59 Population Genomics 1 AntĂłnio Rodrigues (PDBC 2008) Bruno Santos (PDBC 2008) #12;Population genomics20-02-2009 AntĂłnio Rodrigues; Bruno Santos / 59 Contents 2 2 1000 genome project 1 Motivation and Introduction New generation sequencing

Goldschmidt, Christina

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Computer Recommendations for incoming students in 2012-2013 The college of Engineering and Computer Science does not require students to have their own  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Recommendations for incoming students in 2012-2013 The college of Engineering and Computer Science does not require students to have their own personal computer. Students will have access to computers through their department, college, and university here on campus. However we do feel that having

Wu, Shin-Tson

322

An Exploratory Study of the Levels of Technology Implementation in the Teaching of Writing to Students in Diverse, Low-income High Schools in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Exploratory Study of the Levels of Technology Implementation in the Teaching of Writing to Students in Diverse, Low-income High Schools in Texas. (August 2012) Courtney Faith Haggard Wellmann, B.S., Texas Christian University; M.Ed., Texas A&M University... .......................................................................................................... 121 APPENDIX A ........................................................................................................... 135 APPENDIX B...

Wellmann, Courtney Faith Haggard

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

323

The impacts of solar water heating in low-income households on the distribution utility’s active, reactive and apparent power demands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Brazilian low-income households, water-heating requirements are typically met by electrical showerheads. On average, 73.1% of all residential units in the country are equipped with these resistance-heating devices, with nominal powers ranging from 3 to 8 kW. This situation imposes a considerable burden on the electricity utility companies, since electrical showerheads typically represent the highest load but the lowest utilization (load factor) in a residential consumer unit. Furthermore, typical utilization times coincide with, and contribute to, the electrical power demand peaks in Brazil, rendering these low-cost, high-power electrical devices a high-cost consumer for the electrical system to cater for. For low-income residential consumers, electricity tariffs are subsidized, and utilities must therefore make a considerable investment in infrastructure for a limited return. In this paper we analyze the impacts of solar water heating in low-income households on the distribution utility active, reactive and apparent power demands. We have monitored a statistically representative group of low-income residences equipped with a compact domestic solar water heater in Florianopolis – Brazil for 1 year. We show that in comparison with identical residential units using electrical showerheads, with the adoption of solar water heating the reductions in the active, reactive and apparent power demands on the distribution utility were 49%, 29% and 49% respectively.

Helena F. Naspolini; Ricardo Rüther

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

PREDICTORS OF POSTSCHOOL OUTCOMES FOR STUDENTS WITH EMOTIONAL OR BEHAVIORAL DISABILITIES: RACE/ETHNICITY, FAMILY INCOME, GENDER, AND STUDENT AND FAMILY ENGAGEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

included in the regression models...... 52 Table 10: Cross tabulations of race/ethnicity, gender, and family income by predictor variables...) .............................. 113 Table A8: Negative Engagement Predictor of High School Graduation (N = 440) .................. 114 Table A9: Family Engagement Predictors of High School Graduation (N = 440).................... 115 vii Table A10: Positive Engagement Predictor...

McCall, Zachary Allen

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

325

Risk perception, drinking water source and quality in a low-income Latino community along the U.S.-Mexico Border.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Risk perception, drinking water source and quality in a low-income Latino community along the U Dental Association (ADA) is concerned that individuals who primarily drink bottled water may, elucidated why Latinos perceive tap water to be unsafe for drinking, and identified whether individuals have

Fay, Noah

326

Hanford Site Regional Population - 2010 Census  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy conducts radiological operations in south-central Washington State. Population dose estimates must be performed to provide a measure of the impact from site radiological releases. Results of the U.S. 2010 Census were used to determine counts and distributions for the residential population located within 50-miles of several operating areas of the Hanford Site. Year 2010 was the first census year that a 50-mile population of a Hanford Site operational area exceeded the half-million mark.

Hamilton, Erin L.; Snyder, Sandra F.

2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

327

Estimating population size by genotyping faeces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...CA 91360, USA Population size is a fundamental biological parameter that is di cult...In Ecological census techniques, a handbook (ed. W. J. Sutherland), pp. 11...In Ecological census techniques, a handbook (ed. W. J. Sutherland), pp. 1...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Fact #661: February 7, 2011 Population Density  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The density of the population in the U.S., measured as the number of people per square mile, affects the way goods and people are transported. The newly released 2010 Census data show that, on a...

329

Independent optical excitation of distinct neural populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optogenetic tools enable examination of how specific cell types contribute to brain circuit functions. A long-standing question is whether it is possible to independently activate two distinct neural populations in mammalian ...

Klapoetke, Nathan Cao

330

Ocean currents help explain population genetic structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...original work is properly cited. Ocean currents help explain population genetic...larval dispersal estimates based on ocean current observations, we demonstrate...Data-assimilated models of ocean currents for the study region were produced...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Metabolic Gene Polymorphism Frequencies in Control Populations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...collaboration with the GSEC Project. 1 Vineis, P., Malats...2000. 9 Taioli E. International collaborative study...Malats N., Camus-Radon A. M., Nyberg F...populations. | Using the International Project on Genetic Susceptibility...

Seymour Garte; Laura Gaspari; Anna-Karin Alexandrie; Christine Ambrosone; Herman Autrup; Judith L. Autrup; Helena Baranova; Lise Bathum; Simone Benhamou; Paolo Boffetta; Christine Bouchardy; Katja Breskvar; Jurgen Brockmoller; Ingolf Cascorbi; Margie L. Clapper; Christiane Coutelle; Ann Daly; Marco Dell’Omo; Vita Dolzan; Carolyn M. Dresler; Anthony Fryer; Aage Haugen; David W. Hein; Allan Hildesheim; Ari Hirvonen; Ling-Ling Hsieh; Magnus Ingelman-Sundberg; Ivan Kalina; Daehee Kang; Masahiro Kihara; Chikako Kiyohara; Pierre Kremers; Philip Lazarus; Loïc Le Marchand; Maria Celeste Lechner; Ester M. M. van Lieshout; Stephanie London; Johannes J. Manni; Christine M. Maugard; Shunji Morita; Valle Nazar-Stewart; Kazumasa Noda; Yoshio Oda; Fritz F. Parl; Roberta Pastorelli; Irene Persson; Wilbert H. M. Peters; Agneta Rannug; Timothy Rebbeck; Angela Risch; Liliane Roelandt; Marjorie Romkes; David Ryberg; Jan Salagovic; Bernadette Schoket; Janeric Seidegard; Peter G. Shields; Edith Sim; Daniel Sinnet; Richard C. Strange; Isabel Stücker; Haruhiko Sugimura; Jordi To-Figueras; Paolo Vineis; Mimi C. Yu; and Emanuela Taioli

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

The genetics of Drosophila subobscura populations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The natural population of Drosophila subobscura of Mt. Parnes has been followed for two successive years and the frequency of the gene arrangements determined. Some changes occured in the first year but do not ex...

Costas B. Krimbas

333

United Nations Population Information Network | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United Nations Population Information Network United Nations Population Information Network Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: United Nations Population Information Network Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Focus Area: People and Policy Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.un.org/popin/ Cost: Free United Nations Population Information Network Screenshot References: United Nations Population Information Network[1] Logo: United Nations Population Information Network The Population Information Network (POPIN) strives to make international, regional and national population information, particularly information available from United Nations sources, easily available to the international community. "The Population Information Network (POPIN) was founded on 9 May 1979, by

334

Energy-efficient housing for low-income students in a highly variable environment of central Argentina  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Socio-economic, educational and environmental reasons have driven the building of energy-efficient dwellings for low-income students in University of La Pampa. The buildings are located in the central region of Argentina (35° 70? of South latitude), an area of warm temperate climate. Energy conservation devices, passive solar heating, natural ventilation and solar protection were the main strategies of design. The resulting design comprised three blocks of housing with a useful floor area of 900 m2. Two bedrooms, a dining room and essential services make up each house. Solar gains through transparent areas to the North are provided for all main spaces. Northern shading devices and metallic pergolas protect all windows in summer. In spite of high external temperature variability, the simulated performance during the design stage showed a remarkable internal thermal stability. The thermal and energy monitoring started in September 1999 and had two phases: (a) under real conditions of use and (b) during student's summer holidays (when the buildings were not inhabited). The results from the monitoring process suggest that interpretations about the building behaviour cannot be restricted to constructive issues. Useful inferences cannot be done from design and building technology only. The thermal behaviour was the result of construction, non-construction factors like dwellers habits, and their interaction. Energy saving in heating during the winter season was around 50%.

C. Filippín; A. Beascochea

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Review of water, lighting, and cooling energy efficiency measures for low-income homes located in warm climates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In support of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Weatherization Assistance Program, Oak Ridge National Laboratory has performed a literature review of weatherization measures applicable for homes located in warm climate regions. Sources for this information included: (1) documented engineering estimates, (2) vendor information, (3) reported performance from research and field tests, and (4) direct discussions with researchers, vendors, and field reporters. Estimated savings are extrapolated from reported energy savings and applied to the end-use energy consumption for low-income homes reported by the Energy Information Administration. Additionally, installation costs, savings-to-investment ratios, and parameters indicating performance sensitivity to issues such as occupancy, construction, client education, and maintenance requirements are presented. The report is comprised of two sections: (1) an overview of measure performance, and (2) an appendix. The overview of measures is in a tabular format, which allows for quick reference. More detailed discussions and references for each measure are presented in the Appendix and it is highly recommended that these be reviewed prior to measure selection.

Martin, M.A.; Gettings, M.B.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

An examination of interventions to reduce respiratory health and injury hazards in homes of low-income families  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We evaluated whether combining asthma trigger reduction with housing structural repairs, device disbursement and education in low-income households with children would improve self-reported respiratory health and reduce housing-related respiratory health and injury hazards (convenience sample of n=67 homes with 63 asthmatic and 121 non-asthmatic children). At baseline, a visual assessment of the home environment and a structured occupant interview were used to examine 29 potential injury hazards and 7 potential respiratory health hazards. A home-specific intervention was designed to provide the children's parents or caretakers with the knowledge, skills, motivation, supplies, equipment, and minimum housing conditions necessary for a healthy and safe home. The enrolled households were primarily Hispanic and owned their homes. On average, 8 injury hazards were observed in the homes at baseline. Four months following intervention, the average declined to 2.2 hazards per home (p<0.001), with 97% of the parents reporting that their homes were safer following the interventions. An average of 3.3 respiratory health hazards were observed in the homes at baseline. Four months following intervention, the average declined to 0.9 hazards per home (p<0.001), with 96% of parents reporting that the respiratory health of their asthmatic children improved. A tailored healthy homes improvement package significantly improves self-reported respiratory health and safety, reduces respiratory health and injury hazards, and can be implemented in concert with a mobile clinical setting.

Dixon, Sherry L. [National Center for Healthy Housing, 10320 Little Patuxent Parkway, Suite 500, Columbia, MD 21044 (United States)], E-mail: sdixon@nchh.org; Fowler, Cecile [City of Phoenix, Neighborhood Services Department, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Harris, Judy; Moffat, Sally [Phoenix Children's Hospital, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Martinez, Yolanda [City of Phoenix, Neighborhood Services Department, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Walton, Heather; Ruiz, Bernice [Phoenix Children's Hospital, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Jacobs, David E. [National Center for Healthy Housing, 10320 Little Patuxent Parkway, Suite 500, Columbia, MD 21044 (United States)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

THE RESONANT TRANS-NEPTUNIAN POPULATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) trapped in mean-motion resonances with Neptune were likely emplaced there during planet migration late in the giant-planet formation process. We perform detailed modeling of the resonant objects detected in the Canada-France Ecliptic Plane Survey (CFEPS) in order to provide population estimates and, for some resonances, constrain the complex internal orbital element distribution. Detection biases play a critical role because phase relationships with Neptune make object discovery more likely at certain longitudes. This paper discusses the 3:2, 5:2, 2:1, 3:1, 5:1, 4:3, 5:3, 7:3, 5:4, and 7:4 mean-motion resonances, all of which had CFEPS detections, along with our upper limit on 1:1 Neptune Trojans (which is consistent with their small population estimated elsewhere). For the plutinos (TNOs in the 3:2 resonance) we refine the orbital element distribution given by Kavelaars et al. in 2009 and show that steep H-magnitude distributions (N(H){proportional_to}10{sup {alpha}H}, with {alpha} = 0.8-0.9) are favored in the range H{sub g} = 8-9, and confirm that this resonance does not share the inclination distribution of the classical Kuiper Belt. We give the first population estimate for the 5:2 resonance and find that, to within the uncertainties, the population is equal to that of the 3:2 ({approx_equal}13,000 TNOs with H{sub g} < 9.16), whereas the 2:1 population is smaller by a factor of 3-4 compared to the other two resonances. We also measure significant populations inhabiting the 4:3, 5:3, 7:3, 5:4, 7:4, 3:1, and 5:1 resonances, with H{sub g} < 9.16 (D > 100 km) populations in the thousands. We compare our intrinsic population and orbital element distributions with several published models of resonant-TNO production; the most striking discrepancy is that resonances beyond the 2:1 are in reality more heavily populated than in published models.

Gladman, B.; Lawler, S. M.; Van Laerhoven, C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, 6224 Agricultural Road, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada); Petit, J.-M.; Rousselot, P. [Institut UTINAM, CNRS-UMR 6213, Observatoire de Besancon, BP 1615, 25010 Besancon Cedex (France); Kavelaars, J. [Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, National Research Council of Canada, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Jones, R. L. [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Parker, J. Wm.; Bieryla, A. [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States); Nicholson, P. [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Ashby, M. L. N. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

338

An analysis of numerical trends in African elephant populations.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The elephant debate deals largely with population size, how elephant numbers change over time, how they may affect vegetation, and how their populations should… (more)

Junker, Jessica

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

A multi-population genetic algorithm for a constrained two ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tree search algorithm for solving the d-dimensional knapsack problem. ...... PH A population heuristic, proposed by Beasley (2004), where a population of.

2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

340

Population balance for CFB–FGD systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Population balance is the basis of stable and effective operation of circulating fluidized bed flue gas desulfurization systems (CFB–FGD systems). The population balance model parameters were calibrated by comparing the calculated results for a CFB–FGD system with experimental data from a bench-scale CFB–FGD system. The relative error was less than 5.1%. The influences of the model parameters, reactor structures, operating conditions, and adhesive carrier particles on the population balance of the CFB–FGD system were then analyzed using the calibrated population balance model. The results indicated that particle segregation and the superficial gas velocity strongly influenced the particle size distribution. The cyclone separation efficiency and the selected particle draining coefficient also impacted the particle size distribution and the bottom ash ratio. The calcium to sulfur ratio and the bed temperature mainly influenced the bottom ash ratio and the desulfurization efficiency of the system. The anti-abrasion characteristics of the rapidly hydrated sorbent influenced the particle size distribution, the bottom ash ratio, and the desulfurization efficiency of the system. The population balance in the CFB–FGD system was more easily achieved when circulating ash from a CFB boiler was used as adhesive carrier particles instead of coal fly ash. This research provides guidance for stable, effective operation of CFB–FGD systems to promote industrial applications of CFB–FGD technology.

Changfu You; Yuan Li

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

An analysis of resource and income levels and combinations found on selected full-time commercial farms in northeast Texas, 1957  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN ANALYSIS QF RESOURCE AND INCOME LEVELS AND COMBINATIONS FOUND ON SELECTED FULL-TQIE COHHERCIAL FARMS IN NORTHEAST TEXAS 1957 By Howard Roid Yesrgan Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Heohanical College of Texas... TEXAS 1957 A THESIS Howard Raid Teargan Approved as to style and content by3 oui M Chairman of Committee Head f Department or Student Advisor August 1960 Sinoere approoiation is extended to Dr, Vanoe M, Edmondsonc Assooiats Professor...

Yeargan, Howard Reid

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

An economic analysis of the benefit-cost ratio of the proposed Millican Reservoir, with emphasis on the effects of the project on agricultural income  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE BENEFIT-COST RATIO OF THE PROPOSED MILLICAN RESERVOIR, WITH EMPHASIS ON THE EFFECTS OF THE PROJECT ON AGRICULTURAL INCOME A Thesis By WILLIAM DONALD FRANKLIN Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural... and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1963 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE BENEFIT-COST RATIO OF THE PROPOSED MILLICAN RESERVOIR, WITH EMPHASIS...

Franklin, William Donald

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

343

Population inversion in Landau-quantized graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Landau level lasers have the advantage of tunability of the laser frequency by means of the external magnetic field. The crucial prerequisite of such a laser is a population inversion between optically coupled Landau levels. Efficient carrier-carrier and carrier-phonon scattering generally suppresses this effect in conventional materials. Based on microscopic calculations, we predict for the first time the occurrence of a long-lived population inversion in Landau-quantized graphene and reveal the underlying many-particle mechanisms. To guide the experimental demonstration, we present optimal conditions for the observation of a maximal population inversion in terms of experimentally accessible parameters, such as the strength of the magnetic field, pump fluence, temperature, and doping. We reveal that in addition to the tunability of the Landau-level laser frequency, also the polarization of the emitted light can be tuned via gate voltage controlling the doping of the sample.

Wendler, Florian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

" Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Air Conditioning Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" 6 Air Conditioning Characteristics by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Air Conditioning Characteristics" "Total",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Do Not Have Cooling Equipment",17.8,5.3,4.7,2.8,1.9,3.1,3.6,7.5 "Have Cooling Equipment",93.3,21.5,24.1,17.8,11.2,18.8,13,31.1 "Use Cooling Equipment",91.4,21,23.5,17.4,11,18.6,12.6,30.3 "Have Equipment But Do Not Use it",1.9,0.5,0.6,0.4,"Q","Q",0.5,0.8

345

Energy consumption profile of public housing for lower-mid income families in a fast growing city of Argentina  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A large variety of construction patterns can be found in public-housing programs for lower-mid income families in Santa Rosa, a fast growing city located in a temperate area of central Argentina. Very little attention has been paid to the energy assessment of different patterns that are needed to prescribe energy-saving guidelines for improving the energy performance of housing plans. The objective of this work was to describe the energy profile and understand the energy behaviour of public housing programs which differ in their construction patterns. The annual and seasonal energy behaviour of public and non-public residential dwellings was compared in terms of electricity and gas consumption. A similar comparison between remodelled and non-remodelled dwellings was performed within the public-dwellings sample. Results showed that public and non-public dwellings did not differ in terms of electricity consumption, but they differed greatly in terms of gas consumption. Non-public dwellings, which are larger and heterogeneous, demand more gas for heating during the winter. No difference in annual energy consumption was found in the comparison of remodelled and non-remodelled public dwellings. However, they differ in electricity consumption patterns during the critical winter season: the lower winter consumption of remodelled dwellings could be partially explained by a construction change aimed at lowering the expensive consumption of electricity. In spite of the fact that the energy behaviour of public dwellings seems to be seasonal, dependent upon more than design factors alone, a significant energy saving can be obtained by introducing well-known design technologies.

Celina Filippin

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra low energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project. Affordable housing development authorities throughout the United States continually struggle to find the most cost-effective pathway to provide quality, durable, and sustainable housing. The challenge for these authorities is to achieve the mission of delivering affordable housing at the lowest cost per square foot in environments that may be rural, urban, suburban, or within a designated redevelopment district. With the challenges the U.S. faces regarding energy, the environmental impacts of consumer use of fossil fuels and the increased focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, housing authorities are pursuing the goal of constructing affordable, energy efficient and sustainable housing at the lowest life-cycle cost of ownership. This report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra-low-energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project. In addition to describing the results of the performance monitoring from the pilot project, this paper describes the recommended design process of (1) setting performance goals for energy efficiency and renewable energy on a life-cycle cost basis, (2) using an integrated, whole building design approach, and (3) incorporating systems-built housing, a green jobs training program, and renewable energy technologies into a replicable high performance, low-income housing project development model.

Dean, J.; VanGeet, O.; Simkus, S.; Eastment, M.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Income Protection (IP) Insurance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the daily futures market closing prices for the insured crop prior to the sales closing date and during harvest. IP uses the Group Risk Plan?s (GRP) county yield index to adjust IP premium rates. The insurance is provided for an enter- prise unit... equals 27.5 percent of the approved yield times 100 percent of the projected price. An insured?s total guaranteed dollar amount of protection is the net acres of the insured crop (acres times share) in the county multiplied by the IP dollar guaran- tee...

Stokes, Kenneth; Barnaby, G. A. Art; Waller, Mark L.; Outlaw, Joe

1999-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

348

Energy implications of an aging population  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study provides various demographic, medical, and economic information relative to energy usage on a segment of the population, the elderly, which is growing in absolute numbers and relative population percentage. This growth is expected to continue well into the twenty-first century. The US aging population numbered 3.1 million in 1900, and by 1977 it had climbed to 23.5 million. It can be stated with reasonable certainty that this figure will rise to 31 million in the year 2000 and 43 million in the year 2020. These figures, corresponding to more than 10% of our population, are by no means insignificant. As our fossil-fuel reserves are being depleted and the cost of energy mounts, it becomes apparent that the elderly will become increasingly vulnerable to the energy crisis, primarily beause of their physical tendency to infirmity, their economic and social situation, and their susceptibility to psychological depression. This white paper concentrates on those aspects of aging and the nation's energy problem which are not usually related in our everyday consideration of these as separable problems. It seeks to identify the peculiar energy problems of the aged and to consider alternatives in the solution of these problems in light of modern technology.

Not Available

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Publications on Population Peer-Reviewed Articles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- population nexus in the East African Horn: emerging degradation trends in rangeland and pastoral livelihood zones. Global Environmental Change 23 (6), 1525-1541. Davis J., LĂłpez-Carr D. (2014) Migration) initiatives work? Evidence from WWF-sponsored projects in Africa and Asia.Proceedings of the International

Lopez-Carr, David

350

The Population Status The American Alligator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carolina by Thomas M. Murphy A Publication of the Savannah River Plant National Environmental Research Park'S SAVANNAH RIVER PLANT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH PARK Copies may be obtained from Savannah River Ecology Laboratory #12;- The Population Status of the American Alligator on the Savannah River Plant, South Carolina

Georgia, University of

351

Populations of Galaxies Building a Galaxy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Populations of Galaxies · Building a Galaxy · Stellar Luminosity Functions, Mass · Starburst galaxies, Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxies (ULIRGS) #12;2 Question: How would you build a synthetic metals. · Fill in an H-R (or color-magnitude) diagram and let it evolve. · Make a synthetic spectrum

Crenshaw, Michael

352

Population synthesis of wide binary millisecond pulsars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......from our population synthesis code are in good agreement with those...s1, respectively. In model NS2, the maximum amount of mass...using a rapid binary evolution code based on the analytical approximation...adopted in our binary evolution code. We assume mass transfer to......

B. Willems; U. Kolb

2002-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

353

PROSPECTIVE POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...States are vast, while the forests are renewable and the farms susceptible of large increase...Saxony (778) and half that of (settled) Egypt (931). The 200, -000,000 for the...Saxony and oinly about one third that of Egypt. The rate of increase in population to...

W J MCGEE

1911-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

354

Can food vouchers improve nutrition and reduce health inequalities in low-income mothers and young children: a multi-method evaluation of the experiences of beneficiaries and practitioners of the Healthy Start programme in England  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Healthy Start food subsidy program in England can provide an important nutritional safety net and potentially improve nutrition for pregnant women and young children living on low incomes.

Alison McFadden; Josephine M Green; Victoria Williams; Jenny McLeish; Felicia McCormick; Julia Fox-Rushby; Mary J Renfrew

2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

355

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parity) Energy demand and GDP per capita (1980-2002) As GDP increases, so does the demand's population is in the Fast- developing regions. Primaryenergypercapita(GJ) GDP per capita (purchasing power;Introduction Top Ten problems of Humanity for next 50 years 1. Energy 2. Water 3

Crawford, T. Daniel

356

The multiple-race population of the United States: Issues and estimates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of multiple race included Hispanic responses, there could be a great increase in the number...respondents would be drawn. Household income was used as a measure...might itself increase with household income. Selective...Findings on Questions on Race and Hispanic Origin Tested in the 1996...

Joshua R. Goldstein; Ann J. Morning

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

The tropics may be defined as the region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of1 Capricorn (i.e., within 23.5E N and S latitude), or according to ecozone, based on temperature,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transiting from socialism. Among the top1 30 countries ranked by 1994 per capita GDP, only four small million in 1994. Of these, 27 are outside of Europe. The richest of these are Turkemenistan (1994 GDP per income levels to natural resources, energy in the cases of Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan, and diamonds

358

DETERMINANTS OF CROSS-BORDER MERGERS AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Stein (1991)) Generally, projects in the country with depreciating currency become more profitable #12;DATA: COUNTRY/FIRM VARIABLES Country-level Valuation: real exchange rate returns, real market income tax rates Trade: maximum of bilateral import and export Development: GDP per capita, GDP growth

Lin, Xiaodong

359

The Long-Term Economic Impacts of Implementing the Energy Security Leadership Council's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. First, higher real GDP and income levels mean that the consumption of energy and oil will be higher, all flows in the economy, such as energy use, with macroeconomic aggregates, such as GDP, consumption, the LIFT model was used to simulate the impact of its policies compared to a LIFT baseline projection

Hill, Wendell T.

360

Housing Requirements and National Resources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...private household per unit of its...describe the demands for ur-ban...the levels of GDP and growth rates...capital. If real per capita income remains...increases in GDP per capita (possibly reflecting...of competing demands for ener-gy...

T. R. Lakshmanan; Lata Chatterjee; P. Roy

1976-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Support for agriculture during economic transformation: Impacts on poverty and undernutrition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...namely, increased demand for processed foods...and oils, high-energy (sugary...function of income per capita and agricultural...domestic product (GDP) per capita before it increases...13797 59.7398 Log GDP per capita 733 7.359705...

Patrick Webb; Steven Block

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Governance, agricultural intensification, and land sparing in tropical South America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...i.e., when average per capita income rests between 1...and Venezuela, where per capita GDP levels are substantially...that in a growing economy demand for agricultural land...a result of increasing energy demand...

Michele Graziano Ceddia; Nicholas Oliver Bardsley; Sergio Gomez-y-Paloma; Sabine Sedlacek

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

The large contribution of projected HFC emissions to future climate forcing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...application, to the per capita con-sumption...virtually complete. Demand for refrigeration...households, persons per residence, GDP/capita, income distri-bution...as product and energy price. Middle...products implying a demand only for service...

Guus J. M. Velders; David W. Fahey; John S. Daniel; Mack McFarland; Stephen O. Andersen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Nonperturbative Coherent Population Trapping: An Analytic Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coherent population trapping is shown to occur in a driven symmetric double-well potential in the strong-field regime. The system parameters have been chosen to reproduce the 0-?3+ transition of the inversion mode of the ammonia molecule. For a molecule initially prepared in its lower doublet we find that, under certain circumstances, the 3+ level remains unpopulated, and this occurs in spite of the fact that the laser field is resonant with the 0-?3+ transition and intense enough so as to strongly mix the 0+ and 0- ground states. This counterintuitive result constitutes a coherent population trapping phenomenon of nonperturbative origin which cannot be accounted for with the usual models.

V. Delgado and J. M. Gomez Llorente

2002-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

365

Population dynamics of the Concho water snake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the upper Colorado and Concho river systems of central Texas. It is 1 of 2 subspecies, the other being the Brazos water snake (Nerodia harteri harteri) which occurs in the Brazos river system of north-central Texas, Together they comprise the only species..., reproductive potential, mortality, and movements. williams predicted that habitat degradation resulting from the creation of Spence Reservoir, 2 km above his study site, would be detrimental to the Concho water snake population. Since the impoundment...

Mueller, James Michael

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #661: February 7, 2011 Population Density  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1: February 7, 1: February 7, 2011 Population Density to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #661: February 7, 2011 Population Density on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #661: February 7, 2011 Population Density on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #661: February 7, 2011 Population Density on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #661: February 7, 2011 Population Density on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #661: February 7, 2011 Population Density on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #661: February 7, 2011 Population Density on AddThis.com... Fact #661: February 7, 2011 Population Density The density of the population in the U.S., measured as the number of people

367

The rise and fall of the Aldabran giant tortoise population  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to natural population regulatory mechanisms, exacerbated...to natural population regulatory mechanisms, exacerbated...the mid-1960s, when plans for development of Aldabra...following a strategic review of Britain's defence...the pound sterling, plans for military development...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

On the properties of massive Population III stars and metal-free stellar populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present realistic models for massive Population III stars and stellar populations based on non-LTE model atmospheres, recent stellar evolution tracks and up-to-date evolutionary synthesis models, to study their spectral properties, including their dependence on age, star formation history, and IMF. (..) The main results regarding integrated stellar populations are: * For young bursts and the case of a constant SFR, nebular continuous emission - neglected in previous studies - dominates the spectrum redward of Lyman-alpha (...). Therefore predicted emission line equivalent widths are considerably smaller than found in earlier studies, whereas the detection of the continuum is eased. Nebular line and continuous emission strongly affect the broad band photometric properties of Pop III objects. * Due to stellar evolution, the hardness of the ionising spectrum decreases rapidly, leading to the disappearance of the characteristic HeII 1640 recombination lines after ~ 3 Myr in instantaneous bursts. * The relative...

Schärer, D

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

How Ebola Impacts Genetics of Western Lowland Gorilla Populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How Ebola Impacts Genetics of Western Lowland Gorilla Populations Pascaline J. Le Gouar1 for the genetic diversity of populations, which could enhance the species' extinction probability. The Ebola population. Although mortality rates are very high, the impacts of Ebola on genetic diversity of Western

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

370

Revisiting the Uniqueness of Simple Demographics in the US Population  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Revisiting the Uniqueness of Simple Demographics in the US Population Philippe Golle Palo Alto% of the US population can be uniquely identified by gen- der, ZIP code and full date of birth. This short paper revisits the uniqueness of simple demographics in the US population based on the most recent

Golle, Philippe

371

Genetic Variability and Population Differentiation in Captive Baird's Tapirs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

one of housing and displaying as diverse a collection of species as possible, to one of creating self and Ballou, 1986; Soule et al., 1986]. One obstacle to achieving a self-sustaining captive population- sustaining captive populations that may one day act as a source for restocking wild populations [Ralls

Ashley, Mary V.

372

Population stability, cooperation, and the invasibility of the human species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a mechanism for these outcomes by modifying a simple density-dependent population model to allow varying populations expanded out of Africa and spread rapidly across the majority of the earth's land surfacePopulation stability, cooperation, and the invasibility of the human species Marcus J. Hamiltona

Brown, James H.

373

Ecological factors and human threats both drive wildfowl population declines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; human population density. Correspondence Peter R. Long, Department of Biology and Biochemistry, Africa and Asia. Second, we use phylogenetic comparative analyses to test whether population size, globalEcological factors and human threats both drive wildfowl population declines P. R. Long1 , T. Sz

374

Gasoline demand in developing Asian countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents econometric estimates of motor gasoline demand in eleven developing countries of Asia. The price and GDP per capita elasticities are estimated for each country separately, and for several pooled combinations of the countries. The estimated elasticities for the Asian countries are compared with those of the OECD countries. Generally, one finds that the OECD countries have GDP elasticities that are smaller, and price elasticities that are larger (in absolute value). The price elasticities for the low-income Asian countries are more inelastic than for the middle-income Asian countries, and the GDP elasticities are generally more elastic. 13 refs., 6 tabs.

McRae, R. [Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

375

Kosovo: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Country Profile Name Kosovo Population Unavailable GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code XK 3-letter ISO code...

376

Falkland Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

nlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Country Profile Name Falkland Islands Population 2,932 GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code FK 3-letter ISO code...

377

YONSEI EVOLUTIONARY POPULATION SYNTHESIS (YEPS) MODEL. I. SPECTROSCOPIC EVOLUTION OF SIMPLE STELLAR POPULATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a series of papers on the 2012 version of the Yonsei Evolutionary Population Synthesis (YEPS) model, which was constructed based on over 20 years of research. This first paper delineates the spectroscopic aspect of integrated light from stellar populations older than 1 Gyr. The standard YEPS is based on the most up-to-date Yonsei-Yale stellar evolutionary tracks and BaSel 3.1 flux libraries, and provides absorption line indices of the Lick/IDS system and high-order Balmer lines for simple stellar populations as functions of stellar parameters, such as metallicity, age, and {alpha}-element mixture. Special care has been taken to incorporate a systematic contribution from horizontal-branch (HB) stars, which alters the temperature-sensitive Balmer lines significantly, resulting in up to a 5 Gyr difference in the age estimation of old, metal-poor stellar populations. We also find that HBs exert an appreciable effect not only on the Balmer lines but also on the metallicity-sensitive lines, including the magnesium index. This is critical in explaining the intriguing bimodality found in index distributions of globular clusters in massive galaxies and to accurately derive spectroscopic metallicities from various indices. A full set of the spectroscopic and photometric YEPS model data of the entire parameter space is currently downloadable at http://web.yonsei.ac.kr/cosmic/data/YEPS.htm.

Chung, Chul; Yoon, Suk-Jin; Lee, Sang-Yoon; Lee, Young-Wook, E-mail: ywlee2@yonsei.ac.kr [Department of Astronomy and Center for Galaxy Evolution Research, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

Journal of Theoretical Biology 227 (2004) 397401 Evolutionary stability for large populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

population ESS, as distinct from Maynard Smith's infinite population ESS and Schaffer's finite population ESS. Building on Schaffer's finite population model, we define the large population ESS as a strategy which. The large population ESS is not equivalent to the infinite population ESS: we give examples of games

Gordon, Geoffrey J.

379

On the properties of massive Population III stars and metal-free stellar populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present realistic models for massive Population III stars and stellar populations based on non-LTE model atmospheres, recent stellar evolution tracks and up-to-date evolutionary synthesis models, to study their spectral properties, including their dependence on age, star formation history, and IMF. (..) The main results regarding integrated stellar populations are: * For young bursts and the case of a constant SFR, nebular continuous emission - neglected in previous studies - dominates the spectrum redward of Lyman-alpha (...). Therefore predicted emission line equivalent widths are considerably smaller than found in earlier studies, whereas the detection of the continuum is eased. Nebular line and continuous emission strongly affect the broad band photometric properties of Pop III objects. * Due to stellar evolution, the hardness of the ionising spectrum decreases rapidly, leading to the disappearance of the characteristic HeII 1640 recombination lines after ~ 3 Myr in instantaneous bursts. * The relative efficiency of ionising photon energy to heavy element rest mass production, eta, of metal-poor and metal-free populations is increased by factors of ~ 4 to 18 with respect to solar metallicity and for ``standard'' IMFs. * The lowest values of eta ~ 1.6 - 2.2 % are obtained for IMFs exclusively populated with high mass stars (M_low >~ 50 Msun). If correct, the yields dominated by pair creation SNae then predict large overabundances of O/C and Si/C compared to solar abundance ratios. Detailed results are given in tabular form and as fit formulae for implementation in other calculations. (abridged abstract)

Daniel Schaerer

2001-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

380

Device for the reduction of population dose  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conventional dental radiographic procedures do not permit direct visualization of the radiation field or the central ray. As a result, it is necessary to use a beam diameter larger than the film in order to prevent an unnecessarily high number of cone cuts or other errors during visual alignment of the cone and film. The modification of a conventional dental x-ray cone which permits the central ray to be depicted by a beam of light is described. The use of the device significantly reduced the number of cone cuts, even when small beam diameters were used. Visualization of the central ray improved radiographic accuracy and has the potential to significantly reduce the over-all dose to the population by reducing the size of the field used for dental radiography.

Kihara, T.; Uchinoumi, K.; Akagi, F.; Antoku, S.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Modeling population connectivity by ocean currents, a graph-theoretic approach for marine conservation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dispersal of individuals among marine populations is of great importance to metapopulation dynamics, population persistence, and species expansion. Understanding this connectivity between distant populations ...

Eric A. Treml; Patrick N. Halpin; Dean L. Urban; Lincoln F. Pratson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

The Stellar Population Histories of Local Early-Type Galaxies. I. Population Parameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present single stellar population (SSP) equivalent ages, metallicities, and abundance ratios for local elliptical galaxies derived from Hbeta, Mgb, and absorption line strengths. We use an extension of the Worthey (1994) stellar population models that incorporates non-solar line-strength "response functions" by Tripicco & Bell (1995), allowing us to correct the models for the enhancements of Mg and other alpha-like elements relative to the Fe-peak elements. SSP-equivalent ages of local ellipticals from Gonzalez (1993) are found to vary widely, 1.5 =+0.26 and =+0.20 (in an aperture of radius Re/8). The enhancement ratios are milder than previous estimates, owing to the application of non-solar abundance corrections to both Mgb and for the first time. Gradients in stellar populations within galaxies are found to be mild, with SSP-equivalent age decreasing by 25%, metallicity decreasing by =0.20 dex, and [E/Fe] remaining nearly constant out to an aperture of radius Re/2 for nearly all systems. Our ages have an overall zeropoint uncertainty of at least 25% due to uncertainties in the stellar evolution prescription, the oxygen abundance, the effect of non-solar abundances on the isochrones, and other unknowns. However, the relative age rankings of stellar populations should be largely unaffected by these errors. In particular, the large spread in ages appears to be real and cannot be explained by contamination of Hbeta by blue stragglers or hot horizontal branch stars, or by fill-in of Hbeta by emission. Correlations between these derived SSP-equivalent parameters and other galaxy observables will be discussed in future papers. (Abridged)

S. C. Trager; S. M. Faber; Guy Worthey; J. Jesus Gonzalez

2000-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

383

Simulated population responses of common carp to commercial exploitation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Common carp Cyprinus carpio is a widespread invasive species that can become highly abundant and impose deleterious ecosystem effects. Thus, aquatic resource managers are interested in controlling common carp populations. Control of invasive common carp populations is difficult, due in part to the inherent uncertainty of how populations respond to exploitation. To understand how common carp populations respond to exploitation, we evaluated common carp population dynamics (recruitment, growth, and mortality) in three natural lakes in eastern South Dakota. Common carp exhibited similar population dynamics across these three systems that were characterized by consistent recruitment (ages 3 to 15 years present), fast growth (K = 0.37 to 0.59), and low mortality (A = 1 to 7%). We then modeled the effects of commercial exploitation on size structure, abundance, and egg production to determine its utility as a management tool to control populations. All three populations responded similarly to exploitation simulations with a 575-mm length restriction, representing commercial gear selectivity. Simulated common carp size structure modestly declined (9 to 37%) in all simulations. Abundance of common carp declined dramatically (28 to 56%) at low levels of exploitation (0 to 20%) but exploitation >40% had little additive effect and populations were only reduced by 49 to 79% despite high exploitation (>90%). Maximum lifetime egg production was reduced from 77 to 89% at a moderate level of exploitation (40%), indicating the potential for recruitment overfishing. Exploitation further reduced common carp size structure, abundance, and egg production when simulations were not size selective. Our results provide insights to how common carp populations may respond to exploitation. Although commercial exploitation may be able to partially control populations, an integrated removal approach that removes all sizes of common carp has a greater chance of controlling population abundance and reducing perturbations induced by this invasive species.

Weber, Michael J.; Hennen, Matthew J.; Brown, Michael L.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Annual Energy Outlook 2006 with Projections to 2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1. 1. Energy use per capita and per dollar of gross domestic product, 1980-2030 (index, 1980 = 1) Population growth is a key determinant of total energy consumption, closely linked to rising demand for housing, services, and travel. Energy consumption per capita, controlling for population growth, shows the combined effect of other factors, such as economic growth and technology improvement. In the AEO- 2006 reference case, energy consumption per capita grows faster than it has in recent history (Figure 31), as a result of continued growth in disposable income. In dollar terms, the economy as a whole is becoming less dependent on energy, the Nation's growing reli- ance on imported fuel notwithstanding. Projected energy intensity, as measured by energy use per 2000 dollar of GDP, declines at an average annual rate of 1.8 percent in the reference case. Efficiency gains and faster growth

385

Landscape Urbanization and Economic Growth in China: Positive Feedbacks and Sustainability Dilemmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Our analysis shows that (1) larger cities, both in terms of population size and built-up area, and richer cities tend to gain more income, have larger built-up area expansion, and attract more population, than poorer cities or smaller cities; and (2) that there is a long-term bidirectional causality between urban built-up area expansion and GDP per capita at both city and provincial level, and a short-term bidirectional causality at provincial level, revealing a positive feedback between landscape urbanization and urban and regional economic growth in China. ... (55) This will inevitably increase demand for built-up areas for infrastructure, industry, and residential use. ... In addition to economic aspects, built-up area also reveals strong environmental linkages through concentration of materials,(61) and varying energy use and GHG emissions according to different urban density and transportation system. ...

Xuemei Bai; Jing Chen; Peijun Shi

2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

386

Exploring Exoplanet Populations with NASA's Kepler Mission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Kepler Mission is exploring the diversity of planets and planetary systems. Its legacy will be a catalog of discoveries sufficient for computing planet occurrence rates as a function of size, orbital period, star-type, and insolation flux. The mission has made significant progress toward achieving that goal. Over 3,500 transiting exoplanets have been identified from the analysis of the first three years of data, 100 of which are in the habitable zone. The catalog has a high reliability rate (85-90% averaged over the period/radius plane) which is improving as follow-up observations continue. Dynamical (e.g. velocimetry and transit timing) and statistical methods have confirmed and characterized hundreds of planets over a large range of sizes and compositions for both single and multiple-star systems. Population studies suggest that planets abound in our galaxy and that small planets are particularly frequent. Here, I report on the progress Kepler has made measuring the prevalence of exoplanets orbiting wit...

Batalha, Natalie M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

LAB 1: POPULATION Discussion:. This project compares three ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Your first goal will be to graph the data in the table corresponding ... Data in MATLAB is stored in matrices. ... Graph the population predicted by formulas (1).

1910-00-12T23:59:59.000Z

388

Beyond Patient Health Escalating populations, expanding urban environments, poverty,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resistance, ozone depletion, asthma and heavy metal toxicity · The program also supports student and facultyBeyond Patient Health Escalating populations, expanding urban environments, poverty, pollution

Denham, Graham

389

STRUCTURE AND ENERGY FLOW OF A MUSSEL POPULATION ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

STRUCTURE AND ENERGY FLOW OF A MUSSEL POPULATION. IN A GEORGIA ... fore, be expected to influence the energy ...... same energy content. In spite ...

390

Optimization Online - Varying the Population Size of Artificial ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mar 2, 2005 ... Varying the Population Size of Artificial Foraging Swarms on Time Varying ... Abstract: Swarm Intelligence (SI) is the property of a system ...

Carlos Fernandes

2005-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

391

Income tax season is just around the corner and it is important for all parents of children living with diabetes to be familiar with the Disability Tax Credit (DTC) and subsequently, the Child  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with diabetes to be familiar with the Disability Tax Credit (DTC) and subsequently, the Child Disability Benefit (CDB). The Disability Tax Credit is a non-refundable tax credit that reduces the amount of income tax qualify for the Disability Tax Credit as they require a form of life sustaining therapy which may require

Morris, Joy

392

Economics is the study of how people make decisions to spend their incomes and time, and how people interact in a social setting to produce and to distribute goods and services. Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics is the study of how people make decisions to spend their incomes and time, and how people interact in a social setting to produce and to distribute goods and services. Economics examines of development of institutions from diverse technical realities and historical experiences. Economics explains

Seldin, Jonathan P.

393

Population genomics of wild and laboratory zebrafish (Danio rerio)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Bangladesh, Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal, §§Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute zebrafish (Danio rerio) populations occurring in Nepal, India, and Bangladesh, and we genetically compared natural populations of tradi- tional laboratory models, for which a wide array of genomic resources

Bernatchez, Louis

394

Theoretical Population Biology 69 (2006) 231233 ESS theory now  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theoretical Population Biology 69 (2006) 231­233 Editorial ESS theory now More than 30 years have passed since the concept of evolutionarily stable strategy (ESS) was introduced in the context of animal of the ESS concept. Even today the main idea, and the more general one, remains to look for a population

Lessard, Sabin

395

Sibel Tari ---February 18, 2001 Ideal World (POPULATION)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Statistical methods rest on probability theory · Probability theory is a branch of mathematics and it deals the characteristic of our population PROBABILITY THEORY 2. Descriptive Statistics Ch.6 Milton-Arnold Ch.1 Ang-Tang 3 be observed · Statistical methods allow us to derive the characteristic of the population based on sample

Erdem, Erkut

396

Molecular population genetics and epidemiology of Ceratocystis fagacearum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the other population represented a sexually active disease center. Three polymorphic RFLP loci were found. Only one population, Willow Springs, had more than 1 allele present at the RFLP loci. Very low levels of variation (G = 1, 1, and 11.69) were detected...

Ivors, Kelly Lynn

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Ancient population genomics and the study of evolution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2015 review-article PART IV: ANCIENT GENOMICS 1001 60 69 70 197 198 203 Discussion...and Christine Keyser Ancient population genomics and the study of evolution M. Parks...the beginnings of ancient population genomics and its use in the study of evolution...

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Limited-Information Modeling of Loggerhead Turtle Population Size  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Limited-Information Modeling of Loggerhead Turtle Population Size John M. Grego University of South June 28, 2012 Abstract We attempt to estimate the size of a population of female loggerhead turtles. For these loggerhead turtle data, information about individual turtles is not available. Rather, we observe only

Hitchcock, David B.

399

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR MANAGEMEN T OF THE TURTLE NESTING POPULATION S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR MANAGEMEN T OF THE TURTLE NESTING POPULATION S AT PANTAI REMIS, PERAK Submitted OF THE TURTLE NESTIN G POPULATIONS AT PANTAI REMIS, PERA K by Jeanne A . Mortimer, Ph .D . Senior Scientific this report : 1 . Approximately 70 to 300 egg clutches are deposited by gree n turtles each year in the region

Prestwich, Ken

400

Optimal Harvesting of Structured Populations*t WAYNE M. GETZ  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

density of the population [denoted by x(t)] satisfies a nonlinear ordinary differential equationOptimal Harvesting of Structured Populations*t WAYNE M. GETZ National Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, CSIR, P.O. Box 395, Pretoria 0001, Republic of South Africa Received 18 April 1978

Getz, Wayne M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Carbon Tax and Equity The importance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It shows that the real impact on households' income distribu- tion is not mechanically determined of trade-offs between aggregate impacts on GDP and employment, the consumption of the low-income classes), of the `ecotax' of the Jospin government in France again (1998), of the projects in Australia and New Zealand

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

402

Genomics Populations for Characterization of Economically Important Traits Structured populations of beef cattle with extensive phenotypic records for economical-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Genomics Populations for Characterization of Economically Important Traits Structured populations efficiency and carcass merit, are a critical need in the post-genome sequencing era. Coupled with the availability of the 7.5x assembly of the bovine genome sequence and the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP

403

Electricity Demand Evolution Driven by Storm Motivated Population Movement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Managing the risks posed by climate change to energy production and delivery is a challenge for communities worldwide. Sea Level rise and increased frequency and intensity of natural disasters due to sea surface temperature rise force populations to move locations, resulting in changing patterns of demand for infrastructure services. Thus, Infrastructures will evolve to accommodate new load centers while some parts of the network are underused, and these changes will create emerging vulnerabilities. Combining climate predictions and agent based population movement models shows promise for exploring the universe of these future population distributions and changes in coastal infrastructure configurations. In this work, we created a prototype agent based population distribution model and developed a methodology to establish utility functions that provide insight about new infrastructure vulnerabilities that might result from these patterns. Combining climate and weather data, engineering algorithms and social theory, we use the new Department of Energy (DOE) Connected Infrastructure Dynamics Models (CIDM) to examine electricity demand response to increased temperatures, population relocation in response to extreme cyclonic events, consequent net population changes and new regional patterns in electricity demand. This work suggests that the importance of established evacuation routes that move large populations repeatedly through convergence points as an indicator may be under recognized.

Allen, Melissa R [ORNL; Fernandez, Steven J [ORNL; Fu, Joshua S [ORNL; Walker, Kimberly A [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Ultrafast population dynamics in electrically modulated terahertz quantum cascade lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ultrafast population dynamics in electrically modulated three-well terahertz quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) is studied by using the self-consistent Bloch–Poisson equations. In the modulation process, the non-equilibrium oscillations of the population inversion are found before the population equilibrium recovers. The equilibrium formation time increases nonlinearly with the period number. This phenomenon stems from the non-uniform distribution of the electric potential. In different periods, different responses to the electrical modulation are also explored. An in-depth understanding of electron transport in the cascade structure is obtained. Finally, we demonstrate the feasibility of a modulation frequency up to gigahertz in terahertz QCLs.

F Wang; X G Guo; C Wang; J C Cao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

NDIAYE Gora 2nd year student in Networks & Telecommunications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· FRANCE Presentation ISITV · INTERNSHIP Project #12;Where find the good & best life? SENEGAL #12 · Population: 14 million · Area: 192712 km ÂČ Â· GDP / H: $ 1 900 · Currency: CFA franc 1 = 655.957CFA $ 1 = 530 · Capital: Paris · Population: 65 million · Area: 675417km ÂČ Â· GDP / H: $ 41018 · Currency: Euro 1 = 1

Trajkovic, Ljiljana

406

Interacting populations : hosts and pathogens, prey and predators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interactions between populations can be positive, neutral or negative. Predation and parasitism are both relationships where one species benefits from the interaction at the expense of the other. Predators kill their ...

Klepac, Petra

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Projecting the Success of Plant Population Restoration with Viability Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conserving viable populations of plant species requires that they have high probabilities of long-term persistence within natural habitats, such as a chance of extinction in 100 years of less than 5 % (Menges ...

T. J. Bell; M. L. Bowles; A. K. McEachern

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Populating reconstructed archaeological sites with autonomous virtual humans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Significant multidisciplinary efforts combining archaeology and computer science have yielded virtual reconstructions of archaeological sites for visualization. Yet comparatively little attention has been paid to the difficult problem of populating these ...

Wei Shao; Demetri Terzopoulos

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Optimal Urban Population Size: National vs Local Economic Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper explores whether the population size of the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA) in Korea is efficient in terms of the national economy. To undertake this analysis, a recursively dynamic interregional computable general ...

Nam, Kyung-min

410

Coherence and Completeness of Population-based Family Cancer Reports  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research Articles Coherence and Completeness of Population-based...telephone survey in Connecticut examined coherence and completeness of reports from 1...household survey. This study describes the coherence and completeness of such reports in a...

Louise Wideroff; Anne O. Garceau; Mark H. Greene; Marsha Dunn; Timothy McNeel; Phuong Mai; Gordon Willis; Lou Gonsalves; Michael Martin; Barry I. Graubard

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Population SAMC, ChIP-chip Data Analysis and Beyond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation research consists of two topics, population stochastics approximation Monte Carlo (Pop-SAMC) for Baysian model selection problems and ChIP-chip data analysis. The following two paragraphs give a brief introduction to each...

Wu, Mingqi

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

412

Population difference thermometry for ultra-low temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report measurements of the asymmetry of the intensities of the quadrupolar fine structure of NMR lines in ferromagnetic MnSb down to 30 mK. The asymmetry ratios provide a means of ... population difference the...

P. M. Andersen; N. S. Sullivan; B. Andraka; J. S. Xia…

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

GIS and plume dispersion modeling for population exposure assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Traditional methods of dispersion modeling for the permitting of new sources and the monitoring of existing sources have allowed much room for error in terms of the effect of the pollutants on nearby populations (Hardikar, 1995). The capabilities of GIS...

Archer, Jeffrey Keith

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

414

Mitochondrial genomics and northwestern Atlantic population genetics of marine annelids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The overarching goal of this thesis was to investigate marine benthic invertebrate phylogenetics and population genetics, focused on the phylum Annelida. Recent expansions of molecular methods and the increasing diversity ...

Jennings, Robert M. (Robert Michael)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

An Inversion of Acoustical Attenuation Measurements to Deduce Bubble Populations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurement of natural bubble populations is required for many areas of ocean science. Acoustical methods have considerable potential for achieving this goal because bubbles scatter sound strongly close to their natural frequency, which depends ...

H. Czerski

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

DISTRIBUTION AND ABUNDANCE OF EGG AND LARVAL POPULATIONS OF THE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DISTRIBUTION AND ABUNDANCE OF EGG AND LARVAL POPULATIONS OF THE PACIFIC SARDINE BY ELBERT H OF THE INTERIOR, Douglas McKay, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, John L. Farley, Director DISTRIBUTION abundance_ _______________ ________ __ __ ___ ___ ____ __ 100 Reliability of estimates

417

The scope of the Weatherization Assistance Program: The weatherized population and the resource base  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study is one of five parts of the US Department of Energy`s national evaluation of its Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP). It has three major goals: (1) to enumerate the size and sources of investment in low-income weatherization; (2) to provide a count of the number of low-income units weatherized by all weatherization programs and characterized the type and tenure of those homes; and (3) to document the extent to which the DOE/WAP funding has been expanded though use of external resources.

Power, M.; Eisenberg, J.F.; Michels, E. [Economic Opportunity Research Inst., Washington, DC (United States); Witherspoon, M.J. [National Association for State Community Service Programs, Washington, DC (United States); Brown, M.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

The scope of the Weatherization Assistance Program: The weatherized population and the resource base  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study is one of five parts of the US Department of Energy's national evaluation of its Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP). It has three major goals: (1) to enumerate the size and sources of investment in low-income weatherization; (2) to provide a count of the number of low-income units weatherized by all weatherization programs and characterized the type and tenure of those homes; and (3) to document the extent to which the DOE/WAP funding has been expanded though use of external resources.

Power, M.; Eisenberg, J.F.; Michels, E. (Economic Opportunity Research Inst., Washington, DC (United States)); Witherspoon, M.J. (National Association for State Community Service Programs, Washington, DC (United States)); Brown, M.A. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Regional differences in the potential exposure of US minority populations to hazardous facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the literature that examines the distribution of environmental disamenities of various types, there is considerable documentation that minority groups and lower income groups are more likely to be exposed. Such differential exposure has been attributed to ``environmental racism`` by some authors, but there has been no systematic investigation of the factors and dynamics underlying this exposure pattern. This study examines regional differences in the proximity of African-American, Hispanics, Asians, and non-Hispanic Whites to a broad range facility types and explores the degree to which this may be related to urban and income factors.

Nieves, L.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Nieves, A.L. [Wheaton Coll., Wheaton, IL (United States)]|[Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Regional differences in the potential exposure of US minority populations to hazardous facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the literature that examines the distribution of environmental disamenities of various types, there is considerable documentation that minority groups and lower income groups are more likely to be exposed. Such differential exposure has been attributed to environmental racism'' by some authors, but there has been no systematic investigation of the factors and dynamics underlying this exposure pattern. This study examines regional differences in the proximity of African-American, Hispanics, Asians, and non-Hispanic Whites to a broad range facility types and explores the degree to which this may be related to urban and income factors.

Nieves, L.A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Nieves, A.L. (Wheaton Coll., Wheaton, IL (United States) Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Injury in children of low-income Mexican, Mexican American, and non-Hispanic white mothers in the USA: a focused ethnography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several studies indicate that rates of serious pediatric injury are higher among Hispanics than among non-Hispanic whites in the USA. To investigate possible contributory factors, we interviewed 50 Mexican, 30 Mexican American, and 30 non-Hispanic white mothers in their own homes in the same low-income neighborhoods of Southern California. Mothers were identified via door-to-door canvassing in areas with high rates of pediatric injury. We observed household conditions and behaviors and obtained a detailed family history, including accounts of any occurrence of serious injury in a child under 5 years old, the highest-risk age group for pediatric injury. Results show that Mexican families were poorer, less educated, and lived in more hazardous and crowded conditions than did families in the other two groups. Nevertheless, they benefited from strong family bonds and a cultural tradition in which responsible older children typically supervise younger siblings. In contrast, a number of Mexican American and white mothers had been abused as children and were estranged from their own mothers; hence they lacked support and models of good parenting. There was much less self-reported smoking, drug use, and mental dysfunction among the Mexican mothers and their male partners as well as much less excessively active and/or aggressive behavior among their children. The nature of the injuries reported by the various groups seemed to reflect these differences. Appropriate interventions for each group are discussed. The study illustrates the importance of using ethnographic methods to examine the context of pediatric injury at the household level.

Dorothy S Mull; Phyllis F Agran; Diane G Winn; Craig L Anderson

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Identification and Characterization of GONST1, a Golgi-Localized GDP-Mannose Transporter in Arabidopsis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...MNN10 gene identifies a family of related glycosyltransferases...transporter is an autonomous, multi-specific hexameric...Munro, S. (1998). Multi-protein complexes in...functions and defines a new family of related genes. J...University of Cambridge, Building O, Downing Site, Cambridge...

Timothy C. Baldwin; Michael G. Handford; Maria-Isabel Yuseff; Ariel Orellana; Paul Dupree

423

Requiem for the unit root in per capita real GDP? Additional evidence from historical data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present new evidence on the uncertain nature of nonstationarity – that is, trend stationarity vs. difference stationarity – of aggregate per capita real output, by submitting to a composite testing procedure a...

Edoardo Gaffeo; Marco Gallegati; Mauro Gallegati

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Membrane extraction of Rab proteins by GDP dissociation inhibitor characterized using attenuated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dissociation inhibitor (GDI) solubilizes prenylated Rab GTPases from and shuttles them between membranes spectroscopy to directly ob- serve extraction of Rab GTPases from model membranes by GDI. In their native form reflection experiments show that GDI genuinely accelerates the intrinsic Rab membrane dissociation

Gerwert, Klaus

425

Comparisons of Access to, Cost of, and Quality of Health Care Between Rural and Urban Populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are 46.2 million Americans (15% of total population) living in rural counties. Rural populations disproportionately suffer from inadequate access to, high cost of, and poor quality of health services compared to urban populations. Furthermore...

Lee, Wei-Chen

2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

426

The dynamics of adapting, unregulated populations and a modified fundamental theorem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...applicable to an unregulated population, it does suggest further investigation of whether...1997 The price equation, Fisher's fundamental theorem, kin selection, and causal...unregulated populations and a modified fundamental theorem. | A population in a novel environment...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

The importance of population growth in future commercial energy consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper estimates the contribution of population growth to commercial energy consumption, which is considered a major cause of increases in air pollution and greenhouse gases. This paper first summarizes some of the recent estimates of future energy use developed by well-known models. It then develops several alternative scenarios that use different assumptions about population growth and energy use per capita for 122 countries for the years 2020 and 2050. It calculates the relative contribution of population growth to the change in total commercial energy use and demonstrates the sensitivity of the results to different assumptions. Individual country data are separately summed to totals for more-developed countries (MDCs) and less-developed countries (LDCs). Under a business as usual scenario for both MDCs and LDCs, population growth is important, but not the most important factor, in future increases in global energy consumption. Analysis of other scenarios shows that while slower population growth always contributes to a slowing of future global energy consumption, such changes are not as effective as reductions in per capita commercial energy use. Calculations on a global basis are made in two ways: from global aggregates and by summing individual country data. Comparison of the results shows that the first method is misleading because of the heterogeneity of population growth rates and energy consumption rates of individual countries. The tentative conclusions reached in this paper are only small pieces of a much larger puzzle. More work needs to be done to better understand the dynamics of these relationships before the analysis is extended to the broader questions of population growth and environmental change.

Kolsrud, G. [Congress, Washington, DC (United States); Torrey, B.B. [Bureau of the Census, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

428

NTU Incoming Exchange/Visiting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Biochemistry, Biology, Accounting, Organic, Chemistry, Engineering, Mathematics. · Group study/ Discussion #12 Hours: Mon-Sat. 8:00~22:30 Sun.~17:00 · 24hr Study room · Library Catalog (TULIPS) · Find a book / film Development · Library B1 · Individual counsel · Economics, Statistics, Calculus, Chemistry, Physics

Wu, Yih-Min

429

Characterization of the U.S. Industrial/Commercial Boiler Population...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Characterization of the U.S. IndustrialCommercial Boiler Population - Final Report, May 2005 Characterization of the U.S. IndustrialCommercial Boiler Population - Final Report,...

430

E-Print Network 3.0 - access microbial populations Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

community or population if we change our scale of inquiry. As an example, consider the spatial... sequence data to examine the spatial structure in microbial populations. This...

431

BUILDING A UNITED STATES DATA BASE: POPULATIONS AT RISK TO ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BUILDING A UNITED STATES DATA BASE: POPULATIONS AT RISK TO ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTIONBUILDING A UNITED STATES DATA BASE: POPULATIONS AT RISK TO ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Sacks, Susan T.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

E-Print Network 3.0 - anthropogenic population collapse Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

: "Population and Climate Change: A Proposal to Couple Population and Earth System Models" Harald Rybka... , a German RISE intern, will talk about the first steps he...

433

Some State | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Some State Some State Jump to: navigation, search Some State Governor John Doe (D) Population 10,000,000 (rank: 10) GDP $258.3 billion (rank: 14) Household Income $49,000 (rank: 13) OpenEI Resources Energy Maps 18 (rank: 13) Energy Datasets 15 (rank: 12) Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. Natural Resources Renewable Energy Value Rank Period Source Wind Potential TBD TBD TBD NREL (via WindPoweringAmerica.gov)

434

Population internet penetration rate and channel supply chain players' performances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the rapid development of the internet, the population internet penetration rate plays a strategic importance in the dual-channel supply chain. In this research, we use a game-theoretic approach to examine the effect of the population internet penetration rate on the performances of the manufacturer and traditional retailer under the Stackelberg and Bertrand competitive models. Our results suggest that an increase in the population internet penetration rate always has a negative impact on the manufacturer and traditional retailer's profits. Furthermore, when the product is more suitable for the online market, the traditional retailer will be hurt more by the population internet penetration rate. For the manufacturer, although a larger product web fit can increase profits, the population internet penetration rate has a stronger impact on profitability, thus decreasing profits even as the product web fit increases. Our results also suggest that both the manufacturer and the retailer can adopt either of the Stackelberg and Bertrand competitive market structures in the dual-channel supply chain since their profits are unaffected by the two models. The managerial implications of our results are discussed and the probable paths of future research are identified.

Ruiliang Yan; John Wang; Sanjoy Ghose

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

The Magellanic Bridge: The Nearest Purely Tidal Stellar Population  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on observations of the stellar populations in twelve fields spanning the region between the Magellanic Clouds, made with the Mosaic-II camera on the 4-meter telescope at the Cerro-Tololo Inter-American Observatory. The two main goals of the observations are to characterize the young stellar population (which presumably formed in situ in the Bridge and therefore represents the nearest stellar population formed from tidal debris), and to search for an older stellar component (which would have been stripped from either Cloud as stars, by the same tidal forces which formed the gaseous Bridge). We determine the star-formation history of the young inter-Cloud population, which provides a constraint on the timing of the gravitational interaction which formed the Bridge. We do not detect an older stellar population belonging to the Bridge in any of our fields, implying that the material that was stripped from the Clouds to form the Magellanic Bridge was very nearly a pure gas.

Jason Harris

2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

436

Multiscale modeling of oscillations and spiral waves in Dictyostelium populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unicellular organisms exhibit elaborate collective behaviors in response to environmental cues. These behaviors are controlled by complex biochemical networks within individual cells and coordinated through cell-to-cell communication. Describing these behaviors requires new mathematical models that can bridge scales -- from biochemical networks within individual cells to spatially structured cellular populations. Here, we present a family of multiscale models for the emergence of spiral waves in the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum. Our models exploit new experimental advances that allow for the direct measurement and manipulation of the small signaling molecule cAMP used by Dictyostelium cells to coordinate behavior in cellular populations. Inspired by recent experiments, we model the Dictyostelium signaling network as an excitable system coupled to various pre-processing modules. We use this family of models to study spatially unstructured populations by constructing phase diagrams that relate the properties of population-level oscillations to parameters in the underlying biochemical network. We then extend our models to include spatial structure and show how they naturally give rise to spiral waves. Our models exhibit a wide range of novel phenomena including a density dependent frequency change, bistability, and dynamic death due to slow cAMP dynamics. Our modeling approach provides a powerful tool for bridging scales in modeling of Dictyostelium populations.

Javad Noorbakhsh; David Schwab; Allyson Sgro; Thomas Gregor; Pankaj Mehta

2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

437

Can coyotes affect deer populations in Southeastern North America?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ABSTRACT The coyote (Canis latrans) is a recent addition to the fauna of eastern North America, and in many areas coyote populations have been established for only a decade or two. Although coyotes are known predators of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in their historic range, effects this new predator may have on eastern deer populations have received little attention. We speculated that in the southeastern United States, coyotes may be affecting deer recruitment, and we present 5 lines of evidence that suggest this possibility. First, the statewide deer population in South Carolina has declined coincident with the establishment and increase in the coyote population. Second, data sets from the Savannah River Site (SRS) in South Carolina indicate a new mortality source affecting the deer population concurrent with the increase in coyotes. Third, an index of deer recruitment at SRS declined during the period of increase in coyotes. Fourth, food habits data from SRS indicate that fawns are an important food item for coyotes during summer. Finally, recent research from Alabama documented significant coyote predation on fawns there. Although this evidence does not establish cause and effect between coyotes and observed declines in deer recruitment, we argue that additional research should proactively address this topic in the region. We identified several important questions on the nature of the deer–coyote relationship in the East.

Kilgo, J., C.; Ray, H., Scott; Ruth, Charles; Miller, Karl, V.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Day-to-day dynamics of experience–cortisol associations in a population-based sample of older adults  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...marginally more likely to be Hispanic (37% vs. 25%; t...and included 36% non-Hispanic White, 38% African-American, and 25% Hispanic participants. Participants...school. The median annual household income was $53,750...

Emma K. Adam; Louise C. Hawkley; Brigitte M. Kudielka; John T. Cacioppo

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Population Physiologically-Based Pharmacokinetic Modeling for the Human  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Population Physiologically-Based Pharmacokinetic Modeling for the Human Population Physiologically-Based Pharmacokinetic Modeling for the Human Lactational Transfer of PCB 153 with Consideration of Worldwide Human Biomonitoring Results Title Population Physiologically-Based Pharmacokinetic Modeling for the Human Lactational Transfer of PCB 153 with Consideration of Worldwide Human Biomonitoring Results Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Redding, Laurel E., Michael D. Sohn, Thomas E. McKone, Shu-Li Wang, Dennis P. H. Hsieh, and Raymond S. H. Yang Journal Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 116 Issue 12 Pagination 1629-1634 Keywords bayesian inference, body burden, environmental chemistry, exposure & risk group, human milk biomonitoring, indoor environment department, lactational transfer, pcb 153, physiologically-based pharmacokinetic modeling, pollutant fate and transport modeling, poly-chlorinated biphenyls, reverse dosimetry

440

Session: What do we know about cumulative or population impacts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This session at the Wind Energy and Birds/Bats workshop consisted of a panel discussion followed by a discussion/question and answer period. The panelists were Paul Kerlinger, Curry and Kerlinger, LLC, Al Manville, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and Bill Kendall, US Geological Service. The panel addressed the potential cumulative impacts of wind turbines on bird and bat populations over time. Panel members gave brief presentations that touched on what is currently known, what laws apply, and the usefulness of population modeling. Topics addressed included which sources of modeling should be included in cumulative impacts, comparison of impacts from different modes of energy generation, as well as what research is still needed regarding cumulative impacts of wind energy development on bird and bat populations.

Kerlinger, Paul; Manville, Al; Kendall, Bill

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Calculations of population transfer during intense laser pulses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent experiments by several groups have examined the question of population transfer to resonantly excited states during intense short laser pulses, in particular the amount of population that remains ``trapped`` in excited states at the end of a laser pulse. In this chapter we present calculations of population transfer and resonant ionization in xenon at both 660 and 620 nm. At the longer wavelength, the seven photon channel closes at 2.5{times}10{sup 13} W/cm{sup 2}. Pulses with peak intensities higher than this result in ``Rydberg trapping``, the resonant transfer of population to a broad range of high-lying states. The amount of population transferred depends on both the peak intensity and pulse duration. At 620 mm there are numerous possible six photon resonances to states with p or f angular momentum. We have done a large number of calculations for 40 fs pulses at different peak intensities and have examined the population transferred to these low-lying resonant states as a function of the peak laser intensity. We do not have room to comment upon the resonantly enhanced ionized electron energy spectra that we also determine in the same calculations. Our calculations involve the direct numerical integration of the time-dependent Schroedinger equation for an atom interacting with a strong laser field. The time-dependent wave function of a given valence electron is calculated on a spatial grid using a one-electron pseudo potential. This single active electron approximation (SAE) has been shown to be a good approximation for the rare gases at the intensities and wavelengths that we will consider. The SAE potential we use has an explicit angular momentum dependence which allows us to reproduce all of the excited state energies for xenon quite well.

Schafer, K.J.; Kulander, K.C.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

On the Volterra and Other Nonlinear Models of Interacting Populations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A detailed investigation of various aspects of the populations of interacting biological species is made, using Volterra's and other models. For a system with two species, a detailed analysis is possible, and we plot the time variation of the population of two species for a set of values of the parameters. For a many-species system, it is shown that the time average of the population Ni of the ith species is equal to its steady state value qi. For time averages of other functions of Ni and NiNj, only the equations satisfied by them are derived. The population growth of a species is studied by assuming that the effect of other species is to introduce a random function of time in the growth equation. The resulting Fokker-Planck equation is shown to have the same form as the Schrödinger and Bloch equations. The "potential" of the Schrödinger equation depends upon the form of the number-dependent term in the growth function. For the Gompertz form, it is a simple harmonic oscillator potential and, for the Verhulst form, the Morse potential. For both the forms, the Fokker-Planck equation is explicitly solved to obtain the probability distribution P(N, t) of the population as a function of time. It is shown that considerable simplification is achieved in the calculation of the steady state concentrations (qi's) of the component species if Pfaffians are used. Since qi is equal to the time average of the population of the ith species, a great deal can be said about the stability of the population in the sense of the rarity of explosion or extinction of one or more species. If the interactions between various species and their growth coefficients (in the absence of interactions) are known, we show that a priori one can determine whether the population will be stable or not and, if not, which of the species will disappear. Also, the stability of the population is discussed when several new species are introduced. We show that the stability is dependent on how the newly introduced species interact with each other and with the population into which they are introduced. If the information about the detailed interactions between various species is absent, as is usually the case, then a statistical mechanical treatment of the population is desirable. We show that for small deviations from steady state populations, the necessary and sufficient condition for such a treatment is that the number of species is large. For arbitrary deviations the latter is a necessary condition and may not be sufficient. This statistical mechanical treatmetn provides an empirical method for calculating the interaction between two species and the stability of the population. A measure of the stability of an ecology is defined which could be used to compare the relative stabilities of two ecologies with the same macroscopic properties. The effect of changes in the interactions between varíous species, due to changes in temperature, humidity, age distribution, etc., is studied by assuming the rate constants to be random. A master equation for the probability distributions of Ni's is derived. It is shown that the stationary population distribution is Poisson only if the variation in the rate constants is not too rapid. A brief outline of another stochastic model for the population growth in terms of the probabilities of birth and death of the individuals is given. Since the members of the population do not react instantaneously to any change in the environment, the prey-predator interaction does not affect the population of either prey or predator instantaneously, and the egg is not converted into an adult instantaneously, the effects of the time lags in the above processes on the behavior, in particular the stability, of the population are studied. Further generalizations of the Volterra model are discussed, and a brief review of other systems of interacting species, e.g., systems of biochemical oscillators, nervous systems, multimode lasers, systems of simultaneously growing bacteria, etc., is given. Finally, a sampling of the experiments which throw some l

NARENDRA S. GOEL; SAMARESH C. MAITRA; ELLIOTT W. MONTROLL

1971-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

The influence of alternative price and allotment programs on farm organization and income for irrigated fine textured soils on the high plains of Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the cost of these programs to the federal govern- ment has grown to great magnitudes. High government costs and a rapid 1/ Rainer Schickele, Agricultural Polic , McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1954, p. i92. decline in the farm population have... required to attain speci- f'ied yields. For row-crop farming four ? row equipment is assumed to be the most efficient size of machinery. The model farm with 626 acres of cropland requires two four-row tractors and supporting equipment to perfozm...

Meharg, John Robert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

444

29 National Statistics Population Trends 106 Winter 2001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

provided by the Office for National Statistics on migra- tion of the employed by citizenship.They indicate29 National Statistics Population Trends 106 Winter 2001 International migration to and from the United Kingdom since 1975, with a particular focus on those in employment,and drew on many sources

Jones, Peter JS

445

Population studies, No. 43 Demographic and social implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Population studies, No. 43 Demographic and social implications of low fertility for family such as employment and training, health, social protection, housing, education and social services. The study which patterns in the family and non-family sectors. It examines the social implications of childlessness, single

LĂžw, Erik

446

Application of GIS to spatial analysis of mesofault populations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a GIS approach to spatial analysis of fault populations. Coherence between fault moment tensors, a concept borrowed from the geophysical works of Kagan and Knopoff [1985a. Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 81(2), ... Keywords: Faults, GIS customization, Spatial analysis, Structural analysis, Tensor

Mauro Alberti

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Fast and accurate inference of local ancestry in Latino populations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......on Latinos as well as admixtures of 3 ancestral populations merits further study. The authors wish it to be known that, in their...American data. We would also like to thank Alkes L. Price, Nick Patterson and Noah Zaitlen for helpful comments and suggestions......

Yael Baran; Bogdan Pasaniuc; Sriram Sankararaman; Dara G. Torgerson; Christopher Gignoux; Celeste Eng; William Rodriguez-Cintron; Rocio Chapela; Jean G. Ford; Pedro C. Avila; Jose Rodriguez-Santana; Esteban Gonzàlez Burchard; Eran Halperin

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

448

Associative Learning Enhances Population Coding by Inverting Interneuronal Correlation Patterns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in population co- des is unknown. Because the pattern of firing rate correlations between neurons--an emergent neurons. One such property that learning could target is the correlation between neural firing rates circuits contain neurons with heterogeneous tuning functions. In s

Gentner, Timothy

449

TWO POPULATIONS OF GAMMA-RAY BURST RADIO AFTERGLOWS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The detection rate of gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglows is ?30% at radio wavelengths, much lower than in the X-ray (?95%) or optical (?70%) bands. The cause of this low radio detection rate has previously been attributed to limited observing sensitivity. We use visibility stacking to test this idea, and conclude that the low detection rate is instead due to two intrinsically different populations of GRBs: radio-bright and radio-faint. We calculate that no more than 70% of GRB afterglows are truly radio-bright, leaving a significant population of GRBs that lack a radio afterglow. These radio-bright GRBs have higher gamma-ray fluence, isotropic energies, X-ray fluxes, and optical fluxes than the radio-faint GRBs, thus confirming the existence of two physically distinct populations. We suggest that the gamma-ray efficiency of the prompt emission is responsible for the difference between the two populations. We also discuss the implications for future radio and optical surveys.

Hancock, P. J.; Gaensler, B. M.; Murphy, T., E-mail: Paul.Hancock@Sydney.edu.au [Also at Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. (Australia)

2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

450

How do variations in seasonality affect population Electronic Supplementary Material  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How do variations in seasonality affect population cycles? Electronic Supplementary Material Rachel is the Holling Type II functional form which incorporates handling time of prey. The predators have a logistic the procedure in Taylor et al. (2012). The bifurcation diagrams were created using essentially standard

Sherratt, Jonathan A.

451

Proceedings: Workshop on Compensatory Mechanisms in Fish Populations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains a summary of an EPRI workshop on compensatory mechanisms in fish populations, held in February 1982 in Palo Alto, California. The participants recommended two broad conceptual frameworks for the development of a research program and identified major research activities. These plans were later integrated into a final research program, which is included here.

None

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Mechanisms of Compensatory Response of Fish Populations: Workshop Proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

How completely do fish populations naturally compensate for mortalities associated with power generation? This summary of three EPRI planning workshops suggests the research needed to develop tools for quantifying those natural processes in support of utility site selection and permit efforts.

None

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

A Note on General Adaptation in Populations of Painting Robots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Note on General Adaptation in Populations of Painting Robots Dan Ashlock Mathematics Department is evolved to perform the task of competitively painting the floor of a toroidal room. Two robots are present in any given room and paint us- ing distinct colors. The fitness of a robot is the amount of floor

Ashlock, Dan

454

Mobile Measurement of Behavioral and Social Health at Population Scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

framework } Week-long mHealth field studies with addictive populations } Automated Assessment of Behavioral puffs from respiration } Conversations from respiration } Open Research Challenges for mHealth } Modeling and Analytics of continuous mHealth measures } Invisible Sensing #12;AutoSense Wearable Sensor

455

Dung survey bias and elephant population estimates in southern Mozambique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dung survey bias and elephant population estimates in southern Mozambique Pieter I. Olivier, Sam M and extracted an age structure from boli diameters for the elephants living in the Maputo Elephant Reserve. Our,672 dung piles encountered on 204 line-transects. The reserve had at least 311 (95% CI: 198­490) elephants

Pretoria, University of

456

Evaluating an icon of population persistence: the Devil's Hole pupfish  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...status among conservation biologists because...colonized this pool well after the...upper 27 m of the water, with a surface...implications for conservation listing. Conserv...populations. In Conservation science and action...calcite record of water table fluctuation...shifts in the gene pool of a managed...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Integrating common and rare genetic variation in diverse human populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in global populations supports deeper interrogation of genomic variation and its role in human disease Genome Project1 , the SNP Consortium2 and the International HapMap Project3 collectively identified ,10 identified hundreds of novel genomic loci that influence human diseases4 . Nonetheless, our knowledge

Keinan, Alon

458

Genotype-Imputation Accuracy across Worldwide Human Populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

human populations has facilitated the mapping of complex-disease loci in genome-wide association (GWA) studies. These databases, such as The International HapMap Project (2.5 to 4 million SNPs genome-wide1 as ``reference panels,'' useful for diverse purposes in human genetics. Information in reference panels can

Rosenberg, Noah

459

Evaluating an icon of population persistence: the Devil's Hole pupfish  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research articles 1001 60 197 Evaluating an icon of population persistence: the Devil's Hole pupfish J. Michael...Based on our analyses, we conclude that rather than being an icon of unusual persistence in isolation, the Devil's Hole pupfish...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Introduction to Health Services Research Population Health 796  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Introduction to Health Services Research Population Health 796 University of Wisconsin used in the field of health service research. What is health services research? Health services researchers focus on some of the most complex and challenging issues currently affecting health care

Sheridan, Jennifer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

A Review of Cancer in U.S. Hispanic Populations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...populations of European ancestry and to search for novel risk variants that may be more...Cohort N a Expected cancer cases b Cohort website California Teachers Study 50,000 530...Publica 2009;25:394-400. 84. Chuang SC , La Vecchia C, Boffetta P.Liver cancer...

Robert W. Haile; Esther M. John; A. Joan Levine; Victoria K. Cortessis; Jennifer B. Unger; Melissa Gonzales; Elad Ziv; Patricia Thompson; Donna Spruijt-Metz; Katherine L. Tucker; Jonine L. Bernstein; Thomas E. Rohan; Gloria Y.F. Ho; Melissa L. Bondy; Maria Elena Martinez; Linda Cook; Mariana C. Stern; Marcia Cruz Correa; Jonelle Wright; Seth J. Schwartz; Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati; Victoria Blinder; Patricia Miranda; Richard Hayes; George Friedman-Jiménez; Kristine R. Monroe; Christopher A. Haiman; Brian E. Henderson; Duncan C. Thomas; and Paolo Boffetta

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

RESEARCH Open Access Genetic variation and population structure of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Nile Valley has a long history of succession of different groups, coupled with demographic and linguistic diversity among the people living in east Africa, Sudan and the Nile Valley. The region around populations suggest that migration, potentially bidirectional, occurred along the Nile river Valley, which

Jakobsson, Mattias

463

Autonomous Robot Navigation in Highly Populated Pedestrian Zones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Autonomous Robot Navigation in Highly Populated Pedestrian Zones Rainer Kšummerle Department@informatik.uni-freiburg.de Abstract In the past, there has been a tremendous progress in the area of autonomous robot naviga- tion for autonomous robots as they are rather unstructured and dynamic. In this paper, we present a navigation system

Teschner, Matthias

464

Population difference thermometry for ultra-low temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report measurements of the asymmetry of the intensities of the quadrupolar fine structure of NMR lines in ferromagnetic MnSb down to 30 mK. The asymmetry ratios provide a means of measuring the temperature, and is an example of the use of population difference thermometry as a primary thermometer for ultra-low temperatures. 5 refs., 2 figs.

Andersen, P.M.; Sullivan, N.S.; Andraka, B.; Xia, J.S.; Adams, E.D. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville (United States)

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF THE MARINE TURTLE POPULATION S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF THE MARINE TURTLE POPULATION S OF PULAU SIPADAN, SABAH Page EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1 Introduction 1 Threats to the Turtles of Sipadan 1 Recommendations 3 . METHODOLOGY 6 2 .1 Description of the Nesting Beach 7 2 .2 Records of Turtle Nesting Density

Prestwich, Ken

466

ON THE TURTLE POPULATION S OF THE ISLANDS OF PAHANG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A REPORT ON THE TURTLE POPULATION S OF THE ISLANDS OF PAHANG AND SUGGESTIONS FOR THEIR MANAGEMENT 30423 / Telefax : 03-756-5594 #12;CONTENTS Page EXECUTIVE SUMMARY . . .. . 1 The Status of the Turtles DENSITY OF THE TURTLES 4 4 .1 Pulau Tioman 5 4 .1 .1 Beaches on the West Coast of Tioman 5 4 .1 .2

Prestwich, Ken

467

Automatic population of korean information in linking open data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an automatic populating method which adds non-English factual information into Linking Open Data (LOD). Unlike previous approaches, we extract semantic data from non-structured information, i.e. sentences, and use WordNet to link ... Keywords: QA system, cross-lingual link discovery, hedge detection, linking open data

Shin-Jae Kang; In-Su Kang

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Host genetics and population structure effects on parasitic disease  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...participants was carried out on a household basis. Individuals aged 3...belonging to a total of 165 households [13,14]. (c) The Posse...Although primarily of Hispanic European descent, this population...becomes a standard shared household model in which individuals...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Aeration Due to Breaking Waves. Part I: Bubble Populations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The population of bubbles produced by breaking waves in (10 m) winds of up to 12 m s?1 is analyzed using calibrated images from a vertical pencil-beam sonar system placed on the seabed near the Dutch coast. The structure in the images is ...

A. Graham; D. K. Woolf; A. J. Hall

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

The Genetic Structure of the Kuwaiti Population: Mitochondrial DNA Markers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Families Migration: .......................................................................................... 20 Oil Discovery & its Impact:....................................................................................... 22 Genetic Structure... populations of the Arabian Peninsula (Abu-Amero et al. 2008; Alshamali et al. 2009; Beyin 2006; Carter 2006; Rose 2007). The Arabian Peninsula consists of seven countries: Yemen, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, and Jordan (Rose...

Theyab, Jasem

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

471

Public Health Genomics Population Health Sciences 650 Section 023  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Public Health Genomics Population Health Sciences 650 Section 023 Summer 2009, 07/20/09 ­ 07: Public health genomics is a new discipline that uses knowledge gained from genetic and molecular research and the social sciences, and much more. This course will provide 1) an introduction to public health genomics, 2

Sheridan, Jennifer

472

Analyses of lettuce drop incidence and population structure of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and S-minor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on canola. Phytopathology 82:875-sclerotiorum populations from canola (17), cabbage (7), and

Wu, B M; Subbarao, Krishna V

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Analyses of Lettuce Drop Incidence and Population Structure of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and S. minor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on canola. Phytopathology 82:875-sclerotiorum populations from canola (17), cabbage (7), and

Subbarao, K V

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Notes and Discussion Vole Population Dynamics: Influence of Weather Extremes on Stoppage of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Notes and Discussion Vole Population Dynamics: Influence of Weather Extremes on Stoppage of Population Growth ABSTRACT.--Effects of 74 episodes of extreme weather on stoppage of population growth of extreme weather may have stopped population growth of only six M. ochrogaster fluctuations and of two M

Oli, Madan K.

475

Developing a Modeling Framework for Assessing Population Impacts of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Developing a Modeling Framework for Assessing Population Impacts of Developing a Modeling Framework for Assessing Population Impacts of Residential Air Quality Policies Speaker(s): Jennifer Logue Date: November 13, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Brett Singer People spend the majority of their time in residences and the health burden of indoor air is significant. However, the definitions of "acceptable" and "good" indoor air quality (IAQ), and the most effective, energy efficient methods for achieving various levels of IAQ are still matters of research and debate. Current ventilation standards focus on minimum requirements for overall and mechanically provided ventilation rates, and vented combustion equipment, and require only the installation of kitchen and bath exhaust fans for source control. These standards generally are

476

Hydrogen populations in PECVD a-Si:H,D  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proton NMR and deuteron NMR (DMR) have been used to measure hydrogen populations in a series of PECVD a-Si:H,D films. The sharp DMR doublet from Si-D is fitted and subtracted out. The residual spectra then show specific signatures for molecular D{sub 2} and HD. The fitting procedures yield quantitative measures of Si-bonded and molecular species. A particular comparison is made between a pair of films prepared as the powered and unpowered electrodes in the same plasma deposition. Both silicon-bonded and molecular populations are significantly different in the two films and correlate with photoresponse products {eta}{mu}{tau} and with IR as well as other materials characterizations.

Cull, T.S.; Kernan, M.J.; Chan, P.H.; Fedders, P.A.; Leopold, D.J.; Norberg, R.E.; Wickboldt, P.; Paul, W.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Dental radiography exposure of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki populations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dental radiography doses in Hiroshima and Nagasaki were estimated on the basis of survey data from dental hospitals and clinics in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and doses were measured by thermoluminescent dosimeters and a phantom. Doses to organs, including the lens, pituitary fossa, thyroid gland, and skin were calculated from data obtained during a 2-week survey in both cities. The mean caput doses were calculated from the data indicating frequency per year and were tabulated by organs, age, teeth examined, type of examination, population, sex, and city. No significant difference was observed by age, population, sex, or city. Currently the doses incurred during dental radiography may not be sufficiently high to cause bias in the assessments for late radiation effects among atomic-bomb survivors. However, the mean caput thyroid doses of 62 mrad and 67 mrad in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, respectively, cannot be ignored from the standpoint of their potential in contributing to radiation-induced carcinogenesis.

Antoku, S.; Hoshi, M.; Russell, W.J.; Kihara, T.; Sawada, S.; Takeshita, K.; Otake, M.; Yoshinaga, H.; Beach, D.R.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Military use of depleted uranium assessment of prolonged population exposure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work is an exposure assessment for a population living in an area contaminated by use of depleted uranium (DU) weapons. RESRAD 5.91 code is used to evaluate the average effective dose delivered from 1, 10, 20 cm depths of contaminated soil, in a residential farmer scenario. Critical pathway and group are identified in soil inhalation or ingestion and children playing with the soil, respectively. From available information on DU released on targeted sites, both critical and average exposure can leave to toxicological hazards; annual dose limit for population can be exceeded on short-term period (years) for soil inhalation. As a consequence, in targeted sites cleaning up must be planned on the basis of measured concentration, when available, while special cautions have to be adopted altogether to reduce unaware exposures, taking into account the amount of the avertable dose.

Giannardi, C

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Cytogenetic study of population three years after the Chernobyl disaster  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies after the Chernobyl Disaster revealed an increased level of chromosome aberrations in cultured lymphocytes of the inhabitants of the radiation-polluted regions. This work estimates the resolution capacity of a method of accounting for chromosomal aberrations in human lymphocyte culture. The results reveal population effects of low-dose chronic irradiation by radioactive sediments three and more years after the Chernobyl Disaster. 13 refs., 2 tabs.

Bochkov, N.P.; Katosova, L.D.; Platonova, V.I. [Research Center for Medical Genetics, Moscow (Russian Federation)] [and others

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Can Population III Stars at High Redshifts produce GRB's?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma ray bursts are the most luminous physical phenomena in the universe, consisting of flashes of gamma rays that last from seconds to hours. There have been attempts to observe gamma ray bursts, for example, from population III stars of about 500 solar mass at high redshifts. Here we argue that collapse of such high mass stars does not lead to gamma ray burst as their core collapse temperatures are not sufficient to produce gamma rays, leading to GRBs.

C. Sivaram; Kenath Arun

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "income gdp population" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Phase-dependent coherent population trapping and optical switching  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a scheme for achieving phase-dependent coherent population trapping, showing that both the dark state of the atoms and light propagation dynamics depend on the relative phase of the fields. The atomic coherence prepared via adiabatic process plays a key role in the interaction of light with matter. And an optical switching based on the phase-controlled quantum interference is implemented, which may have potential application in high-speed optical communications and quantum information systems.

Kou, J. [College of Physics, Jilin University, Changchun 130023 (China); Quantum Engineering Center, Beijing Institute of Control Device, Beijing 100854 (China); Wan, R. G.; Kang, Z. H.; Jiang, L.; Wang, L.; Jiang, Y.; Gao, J. Y. [College of Physics, Jilin University, Changchun 130023 (China)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

482

A WFC3/HST VIEW OF THE THREE STELLAR POPULATIONS IN THE GLOBULAR CLUSTER NGC 6752  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multi-band Hubble Space Telescope photometry reveals that the main sequence, sub-giant, and the red-giant branch of the globular cluster NGC 6752 splits into three main components in close analogy with the three distinct segments along its horizontal branch stars. These triple sequences are consistent with three stellar groups: a stellar population with a chemical composition similar to field-halo stars (Population a), a Population (c) with enhanced sodium and nitrogen, depleted carbon and oxygen, and an enhanced helium abundance ({Delta}Y {approx} 0.03), and a Population (b) with an intermediate (between Populations a and c) chemical composition and slightly enhanced helium ({Delta}Y {approx} 0.01). These components contain {approx}25% (Population a), {approx}45% (Population b), and {approx}30% (Population c) of the stars. No radial gradient for the relative numbers of the three populations has been identified out to about 2.5 half-mass radii.

Milone, A. P.; Marino, A. F.; Yong, D., E-mail: milone@mso.anu.edu.au, E-mail: amarino@mso.anu.edu.au, E-mail: david.yong@anu.edu.au [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Cotter Road, Weston, ACT, 2611 (Australia); and others

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

483

Understanding the Neutron Star Population with the SKA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since their discovery in the late 1960's the population of known neutron stars (NSs) has grown to ~2500. The last five decades of observations have yielded many surprises and demonstrated that the observational properties of NSs are remarkably diverse. The surveys that will be performed with SKA (the Square Kilometre Array) will produce a further tenfold increase in the number of Galactic NSs known. Moreover, the SKA's broad spectral coverage, sub-arraying and multi-beaming capabilities will allow us to characterise these sources with unprecedented efficiency, in turn enabling a giant leap in the understanding of their properties. Here we review the NS population and outline our strategies for studying each of the growing number of diverse classes that are populating the "NS zoo". Some of the main scientific questions that will be addressed by the much larger statistical samples and vastly improved timing efficiency provided by SKA include: (i) the spin period and spin-down rate distributions (and thus magnet...

Tauris, Thomas M; Breton, Rene P; Deller, Adam T; Keane, Evan F; Kramer, Michael; Lorimer, Duncan R; McLaughlin, Maura A; Possenti, Andrea; Ray, Paul S; Stappers, Ben W; Weltevrede, Patrick

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

7 Billion and Counting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...between changes in GDP per capita and ratio of working-age...population. Source: GDP per capita data are from (41). Estimates...many countries. Their energy and ideas may transform...because of growing resource demands and additions to waste...

David E. Bloom

2011-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

485

Agricultural R&D, technology and productivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...domestic product (GDP) rose from 56 per cent in 1980 to 65...population growth and per capita food availability would...agriculture is to meet world demand for both food and energy. This competition...former Soviet Union GDP gross domestic product...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

NCCR North-South Dialogue, no. 38 India and the Millennium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, including women and young people 21 3.1 Indicator 4: GDP per person employed 21 3.2 Indicator 5: Employment in India, 1977-78 to 2004-05, in per cent 12 Figure 3: GDP per person employed, India, 1980 to 2008: Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption 34 5 The Policy Approach

Richner, Heinz

487

GROUPE D'ANALYSE ET DE THORIE CONOMIQUE LYON -ST TIENNE W P 1232  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

per head, energy intensity (energy-to-GDP ratio) and carbon intensity (carbon-to-energy ratio identity expresses carbon dioxide emissions of a country according to economic, demographic and energy factors. From this equation, several studies decompose into periods, the effects of the population, GDP

Boyer, Edmond

488

Spatial pattern of variation in populations of Acacia nilotica in semi-arid environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Variability among populations was analyzed in five provenances of Acacia nilotica from spatially variable habitats. Populations of A. nilotica developed in response to their habitat conditions. The level of va...

S. Mahmood; A. Ahmed; A. Hussain; M. Athar

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Les populations priurbaines face l'automobile en grande couronne francilienne Population and automobile dependence in the outer suburbs of Paris  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Les populations périurbaines face à l'automobile en grande couronne francilienne Population and automobile dependence in the outer suburbs of Paris Titre courant : les populations périurbaines face à l'automobile se propose d'identifier si l'automobile qui a participé au développement des espaces périurbains et

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

490

Population trapping in Kr and Xe in intense laser fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have observed trapping of population in Rydberg states of atoms and ions exposed to intense laser radiation. The trapping occurs in nonstationary ‘‘wave-packet’’ superposition states, created, via ac Stark-shifted multiphoton resonances during the laser pulse. The formation of these highly excited bound states requires the nonresonant absorption of up to 20 or more photons; some of the ionic Rydberg states lie nearly 32 eV above the ionic ground state. All of the trapped states having binding energies much less than the photon energy but remain stable against ionization even when the multiphoton ionization probability of the atom is saturated.

R. R. Jones; D. W. Schumacher; P. H. Bucksbaum

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Population viability analysis of the Endangered shortnose sturgeon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study used population viability analysis (PVA) to partition the influences of potential threats to the endangered shortnose sturgeon (Acipenser brevirostrum). A workshop brought together experts to help identify potential threats including groundwater withdrawal, poor water quality, saltwater intrusion, mercury effects, harvest as by-catch, and sedimentation of spawning habitat. During the course of the project, we eliminated some threats and added new ones. Groundwater withdrawal was dismissed after a study failed to identify connection with groundwater and the majority of pumping is from a confined aquifer. We also eliminated activities on Fort Stewart as influences on spawning habitat because any successful spawning must occur upstream of Fort Stewart. We added climate change to the list of threats based on our assessment of temperature effects and expectations of sea-level rise. Our study highlighted the role of populations in nearby rivers in providing metapopulation support, raising the concern that the population in the Ogeechee River acts as a demographic sink. As part of this study, we carried out a field sampling study to analyze effects of training activities on headwater streams. We developed a new methodology for sampling design as part of this effort and used a mixed-modeling approach to identify relationships between land cover-land use, including those associated with military training activity and water quality. We found that tank training was associated with higher suspended sediment and equipment training was associated with higher organic carbon) and water quality. We detected effects of training on suspended sediment and organic carbon. We also carried out a field sampling effort in the Canoochee and Ogeechee Rivers. In the Ogeechee River, we found that dissolved oxygen in 40% of measurements during summer were below 4 mg L-1. To evaluate mercury as a potential threat, we developed a mercury uptake model and analyzed mercury levels in amphipod prey and sturgeon eggs. These did not exceed EPA guidelines. Finally, we developed a PVA model that including linkages between shortnose sturgeon growth, reproduction, and survival and each remaining threat; All three had significant influences. Preliminary simulations suggest that elevated temperatures under future climate will extirpate this population and add support to the hypothesis that this species requires access to spawning habitat far upstream to persist.

Jager, Yetta [ORNL; Bevelhimer, Mark S [ORNL; Peterson, Douglas L. [University of Georgia, Athens, GA

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Population of superdeformed bands and competition with fission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Average entry points for superdeformed (SD) and normal states have been measured in {sup 191, 192}Hg and in {sup 152}Dy. Compared with normal states, the superdeformed states have entry spins {approximately} 10 h higher and internal excitation energies (U = E --- E{sub yrast}) at least 2 MeV lower for the Hg cases and about 8 MeV lower for {sup 152}Dy. By comparison with calculated {ell}- distributions of evaporation residues (ER), using CASCADE to compute the fission competition, we find that the initial population of the SD band in {sup 192}Hg originates from the tail of the ER spin distribution. 12 refs., 5 figs.

Moore, E.F.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Khoo, T.L.; Ahmad, I.; Carpenter, M.P.; Chasman, R.R.; Wolfs, F.L.H. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Beard, K.B; Garg, U.; Ye, D. (Notre Dame Univ., IN (USA)); Benet, Ph.; Daly, P.J.; Grabowski, Z.W. (Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (USA)); Drigert, M.W. (Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

A Unifying Theory for Scaling Laws of Human Populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The spatial distribution of people exhibits clustering across a wide range of scales, from household (~$10^{-2}$ km) to continental (~$10^4$ km) scales. Empirical data indicates simple power-law scalings for the size distribution of cities (known as Zipf's law), the geographic distribution of friends, and the population density fluctuations as a function of scale. We derive a simple statistical model that explains all of these scaling laws based on a single unifying principle involving the random spatial growth of clusters of people on all scales. The model makes important new predictions for the spread of diseases and other social phenomena.

Lin, Henry W

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

The Dark Energy Survey: Prospects for Resolved Stellar Populations  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

Wide angle and deep surveys, regardless of their primary purpose, always sample a large number of stars in the Galaxy and in its satellite system. We here make a forecast of the expected stellar sample resulting from the Dark Energy Survey and the perspectives that it will open for studies of Galactic structure and resolved stellar populations in general. An estimated 1.2 x 10{sup 8} stars will be sampled in DES grizY filters in the southern equatorial hemisphere. This roughly corresponds to 20% of all DES sources. Most of these stars belong to the stellar thick disk and halo of the Galaxy.

Rossetto, Bruno M [Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Santiago, Basilio X [Rio Grande do Sul U.; Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Girardi, Leo [Padua Observ.; Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Camargo, Julio I.B. [Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Balbinot, Eduardo [Rio Grande do Sul U.; Rio de Janeiro Observ.; da Costa, Luiz N [Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Yanny, Brian [Fermilab; Maia, Marcio A.G. [Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Makler, Martin [Rio de Janeiro, CBPF; Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Ogando, Ricardo L.C. [Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Pellegrini, Paulo S [Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Rio de Janeiro Observ.

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

495

Metabolic Differences in Microbial Cell Populations Revealed by Nanophotonic Ionization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ellular differences are linked to cell differentiation, the proliferation of cancer and to the development of drug resistance in microbial infections. Due to sensitivity limitations, however, large- scale metabolic analysis at the single cell level is only available for cells significantly larger in volume than Saccharomyces cerevisiae (~30 fL). Here we demonstrate that by a nanophotonic ionization platform and mass spectrometry, over one hundred up to 108 metabolites, or up to 18% of the known S. cerevisiae metabolome, can be identified in very small cell populations (n < 100). Under ideal conditions, r Relative quantitation of up to 4% of the metabolites is achieved at the single cell level.

Walker, Bennett [George Washington University] [George Washington University; Antonakos, Cory [George Washington University] [George Washington University; Retterer, Scott T [ORNL] [ORNL; Vertes, Akos [George Washington University] [George Washington University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

E-Print Network 3.0 - adult spanish population Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CPR (infantchildadult) Prerequisite courses (see below) 12... Populations PLC 515: Theories & Practices in Multilingual Education ED 451: Introduction to ... Source:...

497

Socioeconomic status and prostate cancer incidence and mortality rates among the diverse population of California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Palo Alto, CA 94301, USA Hispanic Whites, Hispanics, and Asian/Paci?c Islanders, we conducted a large population-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

E-Print Network 3.0 - adult urban population Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is found. The Neoclassic... Population Density model...126 18a. ... Source: Lund, Jay R. - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering,...

499

Data Abstraction Form for population PK, PD publications MODEL BUILDING Data Abstraction Form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data Abstraction Form for population PK, PD publications MODEL BUILDING 1 Data Abstraction Form for population PK/PD publications MODEL BUILDING Brendel K.1* , Dartois C.2* , Comets E.1 , Lemenuel-Diot A.3;Data Abstraction Form for population PK, PD publications MODEL BUILDING 2 Table of contents Purpose

Boyer, Edmond

500

Reproductive Life Events in the Population Living in the Vicinity of a Nuclear Waste Reprocessing Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reproductive Life Events in the Population Living in the Vicinity of a Nuclear Waste Reprocessing: There is concern about the health of populations living close to nuclear waste reprocessing plants. We conducted a comparative study on reproductive life events in the general population living near the nuclear waste

Paris-Sud XI, Université de