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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Single-Molecule Measurements of the Persistence Length of Double-Stranded RNA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single-Molecule Measurements of the Persistence Length of Double-Stranded RNA J. A. Abels, FRNA using two different single-molecule techniques: magnetic tweezers and atomic force microscopy. We deduce. The introduction of these single-molecule techniques for dsRNA analysis opens the way for real-time, quantitative

Dekker, Nynke

2

The Novel Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibitor, AG14361, Sensitizes Cells to Topoisomerase I Poisons by Increasing the Persistence of DNA Strand Breaks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...topoisomerase I as a resistance mechanism to camptothecin in tumour cells. Cancer Res 2001;61:5926-32. 46 El-Khamisy SF, Saifi GM, Weinfeld M, et al. Defective DNA single-strand break repair in spinocerebellar ataxia with axonal neuropathy. Nature...

Lisa M. Smith; Elaine Willmore; Caroline A. Austin; Nicola J. Curtin

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Monetizing stranded gas : economic valuation of GTL and LNG projects.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Globally, there are significant quantities of natural gas reserves that lie economically or physically stranded from markets. Options to monetize such reserves include Gas to… (more)

Black, Brodie Gene, 1986-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Neutrino Physics AAPT Strand Day  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics AAPT Strand Day NSTA Regional, 2005 Jocelyn Monroe, Columbia University 1. What Is a Neutrino Anyway? 2. The Question Of Neutrino Mass 3. Searching For Neutrino...

5

Factors affecting stranding of juvenile salmonids by wakes from ship passage in the Lower Columbia River  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of deep-draft vessel traffic in confined riverine channels on shorelines and fish are of widespread concern. In the Pacific Northwest of the United States, wakes and subsequent beach run-up from ships transiting the Lower Columbia River have been observed to strand juvenile salmon and other fish. As part of a before-and-after study to assess stranding effects that may be associated with channel deepening, we measured 19 co-variables from observations of 126 vessel passages at three low-slope beaches and used multiple logistic regression to discern the significant factors influencing the frequency of stranding. Subyearling Chinook salmon were 82% of the fish stranded over all sites and seasons. Given a low-slope beach, stranding frequencies for juvenile salmon were significantly related to river location, salmon density in the shallows, a proxy for ship kinetic energy, tidal height, and two interactions. The beach types selected for our study do not include all the beach types along the Lower Columbia River so that the stranding probabilities described here cannot be extrapolated river-wide. A more sophisticated modeling effort, informed by additional field data, is needed to assess salmon losses by stranding for the entire lower river. Such modeling needs to include river-scale factors such as beach type, berms, proximity to navigation channel, and perhaps, proximity to tributaries that act as sources of out-migrating juvenile salmon. At both river and beach scales, no one factor produces stranding; rather interactions among several conditions produce a stranding event and give stranding its episodic nature.

Pearson, Walter H.; Skalski, John R.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

After Cajun, what next for stranded costs?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Members of FERC have said that the Cajun decision does not pose a serious problem to its proposed rulemaking on stranded costs. But the D.C. Circuit`s Cajun decision, criticizing the concept of recovery for stranded investment in broad terms, promises to make that task difficult, if not impossible. The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, in its July 12, 1994 opinion in Cajun Electric Power Cooperative, Inc. v. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, subjected the Entergy Corporations`s transmission tariff`s stranded investment provision to broad and, perhaps, fatal criticism. The Cajun opinion, premised on basic concepts of antitrust law, was issued at a time of substantial industry discussion on the concept of stranded investment and should greatly impact the decisions of both federal and state regulators on stranded investment.

Pembroke, J.D.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Unidirectional Scaffold-Strand Arrangement in DNA Origami  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Unidirectional Scaffold-Strand Arrangement in DNA Origami Authors: Han, D., Jiang, S., Samanta, A., Liu, Y., and Yan, H. Title: Unidirectional Scaffold-Strand Arrangement in DNA...

8

Persistent Cultural Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...may be characterized as a high positive valuation of the local com-munity in some form...depend for their impetus on the accumulated energy of persistent peoples. A prop-osition...consideration is that states tend to dissipate the energy of peoples after transforming that energy...

Edward H. Spicer

1971-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

9

ASSESSMENT OF INDIVIDUAL VARIATION IN DNA DOUBLE-STRAND BREAK REPAIR CAPACITY IN HUMAN DIPLOID FIBROBLASTS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ASSESSMENT OF INDIVIDUAL VARIATION IN DNA DOUBLE-STRAND ASSESSMENT OF INDIVIDUAL VARIATION IN DNA DOUBLE-STRAND BREAK REPAIR CAPACITY IN HUMAN DIPLOID FIBROBLASTS Paul F. Wilson, John M. Hinz, Peter B. Nham, Salustra S. Urbin, Cynthia B. Thomas, Irene M. Jones, and Larry H. Thompson Biosciences Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA The induction of bi-stranded clustered DNA damage (BCD), which includes direct DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), is a hallmark of ionizing radiation (IR) exposure. Incorrectly repaired DSBs can cause chromosomal rearrangements and an increased risk of genomic instability and cancer. Because there is polymorphic variation in DNA repair genes and much of this variation is predicted to have a functional impact, healthy people likely vary in their capacity to repair DSBs and other BCD. This project

10

Persistent DNA damage foci, cellular senescence and low dose radiation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Persistent DNA damage foci, cellular senescence and low dose radiation Persistent DNA damage foci, cellular senescence and low dose radiation Denise Munoz 1 , Albert Davalos 1 , Francis Rodier 1 , Misako Kawahara 1 , Judith Campisi 1,2 and Steven Yannone 1,3 1 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Mailstop 84-171, Berkeley CA 94720; 2 Buck Institute for Age Research, 8001 Redwood Boulevard, Novato CA 94945; 3 Corresponding author Ionizing radiation (IR) induced DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are cytologically detectable as large nuclear foci that contain phosphorylated histone H2AX (γH2AX), the adaptor protein 53BP1, and several other proteins that participate in the sensing and processing of DNA damage (DNA damage foci). In normal human cells, moderately high IR (0.5-1 Gy) doses cause the rapid appearance of these foci (acute DNA damage foci), which gradually disappear

11

Ionic strength-dependent persistence lengths of single-stranded RNA and DNA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...distribution function, PWLC (R,L,lp ), (19, 28) [2] and the FRET-averaged...3896 . 12 Kirmizialtin S Elber R ( 2010 ) Computational exploration...189 . 16 Chen AA Draper DE Pappu RV ( 2009 ) Molecular simulation studies of monovalent counterion-mediated...Crick SL Vitalis A Chicoine CL Pappu RV ( 2010 ) Net charge per residue...

Huimin Chen; Steve P. Meisburger; Suzette A. Pabit; Julie L. Sutton; Watt W. Webb; Lois Pollack

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Editorial Persistent isolated cough in childhood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

‘Normal ’ children, even in the absence of a respiratory tract infection (RTI), have a mean number of 11 cough episodes per 24 hours 1. Presence of an upper RTI is associated with increased cough but in most cases this is of less than 2 weeks duration. However, in some of them the cough persists for more than 3 weeks possibly due to increased cough receptor sensitivity 2. Although the cough can persist for months, it is usually selflimiting 3. Persistent isolated cough (PIC) is defined as a nonproductive cough of at least 3 weeks duration in the absence of identifiable respiratory disease or disease of the upper airway 4. It is common for the cough to be present mainly at night. Other terms used interchangeably with PIC include non-specific cough,

unknown authors

13

Magnetic instabilities in Nb3Sn strands and cables  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a model for calculation of magnetic instabilities in superconducting wires with transport current and reports results of instability simulations in Nb{sub 3}Sn strands from different manufactures. The effect of magnetic instabilities on the strand and cable performance is presented and a criterion for the maximum effective sub-element size of strands for high field magnets is formulated.

Kashikhim, Vadim V.; Zlobin, Alexander V.; /Fermilab

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Method for producing labeled single-stranded nucleic acid probes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a method for the introduction of unidirectional deletions in a cloned DNA segment. More specifically, the method comprises providing a recombinant DNA construct comprising a DNA segment of interest inserted in a cloning vector, the cloning vector having an f1 endonuclease recognition sequence adjacent to the insertion site of the DNA segment of interest. The recombinant DNA construct is then contacted with the protein pII encoded by gene II of phage f1 thereby generating a single-stranded nick. The nicked DNA is then contacted with E. coli Exonuclease III thereby expanding the single-stranded nick into a single-stranded gap. The single-stranded gapped DNA is then contacted with a single-strand-specific endonuclease thereby producing a linearized DNA molecule containing a double-stranded deletion corresponding in size to the single-stranded gap. The DNA treated in this manner is then incubated with DNA ligase under conditions appropriate for ligation. Also disclosed is a method for producing single-stranded DNA probes. In this embodiment, single-stranded gapped DNA, produced as described above, is contacted with a DNA polymerase in the presence of labeled nucleotides to fill in the gap. This DNA is then linearized by digestion with a restriction enzyme which cuts outside the DNA segment of interest. The product of this digestion is then denatured to produce a labeled single-stranded nucleic acid probe.

Dunn, John J. (Bellport, NY); Quesada, Mark A. (Middle Island, NY); Randesi, Matthew (Upton, NY)

1999-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

15

Evaluation of retrocommissioning persistence in large commercialbuildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Commercial Building Retrocommissioning activity has increased in recent years. This paper discusses LBNL's recently conducted study of 8 participants in the Sacramento Municipal Utility District Retrocommissioning program. We evaluated the persistence of energy savings and measure implementation, in an effort to identify and understand factors that can improve the longevity of retrocommissioning benefits. The LBNL analysis included a whole-building and measure status analysis, incorporating elements of previous work by Texas A&M University and Portland Energy Conservation Inc. Included in the energy analysis were whole building calculated energy savings and consideration of effects from the 2001 energy crisis. The measure persistence analysis examined each recommended measure and it's current operational status. Results showed a 59% implementation rate of recommended measures. Some process findings were: (1) Building engineers will tweak a measure that didn't work, instead of reverting to the pre-retrocommissioning settings; (2) A majority of the implementation costs were absorbed into regular operation and maintenance budgets; (3) The most frequently reported down side was the large time demands on the building engineering staff. However, all respondents thought it was worth the price; (4) All the sites said that retrocommissioning is beneficial to their operations, due to ongoing training and continuous improvement of system specifications; and (5) Approximately 65% of the peak retrocommissioning savings persisted beyond four years.

Bourassa, Norman J.; Piette, Mary Ann; Motegi, Naoya

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Genetic Susceptibility to Persistent Stuttering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...enzyme–targeting pathway in persistent developmental stuttering, it would have been important to relate the results to recent neuroimaging findings in patients with this disorder. Contrary to the authors' statement that "the underlying causes of stuttering are unknown," studies using diffusion tensor imaging... To the Editor: In the report by Kang et al. (Feb. 25 issue)1 regarding genetic abnormalities in the lysosomal enzyme–targeting pathway in persistent developmental stuttering, it would have been important to relate the results to recent neuroimaging ...

2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

17

A Study of Stranding of Juvenile Salmon by Ship Wakes Along the Lower Columbia River Using a Before-and-After Design: Before-Phase Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ship wakes produced by deep-draft vessels transiting the lower Columbia River have been observed to cause stranding of juvenile salmon. Proposed deepening of the Columbia River navigation channel has raised concerns about the potential impact of the deepening project on juvenile salmon stranding. The Portland District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers requested that the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory design and conduct a study to assess stranding impacts that may be associated with channel deepening. The basic study design was a multivariate analysis of covariance of field observations and measurements under a statistical design for a before and after impact comparison. We have summarized field activities and statistical analyses for the ?before? component of the study here. Stranding occurred at all three sampling sites and during all three sampling seasons (Summer 2004, Winter 2005, and Spring 2005), for a total of 46 stranding events during 126 observed vessel passages. The highest occurrence of stranding occurred at Barlow Point, WA, where 53% of the observed events resulted in stranding. Other sites included Sauvie Island, OR (37%) and County Line Park, WA (15%). To develop an appropriate impact assessment model that accounted for relevant covariates, regression analyses were conducted to determine the relationships between stranding probability and other factors. Nineteen independent variables were considered as potential factors affecting the incidence of juvenile salmon stranding, including tidal stage, tidal height, river flow, current velocity, ship type, ship direction, ship condition (loaded/unloaded), ship speed, ship size, and a proxy variable for ship kinetic energy. In addition to the ambient and ship characteristics listed above, site, season, and fish density were also considered. Although no single factor appears as the primary factor for stranding, statistical analyses of the covariates resulted in the following equations: (1) Stranding Probability {approx} Location + Kinetic Energy Proxy + Tidal Height + Salmonid Density + Kinetic energy proxy ? Tidal Height + Tidal Height x Salmonid Density. (2) Stranding Probability {approx} Location + Total Wave Distance + Salmonid Density Index. (3) Log(Total Wave Height) {approx} Ship Block + Tidal Height + Location + Ship Speed. (4) Log(Total Wave Excursion Across the Beach) {approx} Location + Kinetic Energy Proxy + Tidal Height The above equations form the basis for a conceptual model of the factors leading to salmon stranding. The equations also form the basis for an approach for assessing impacts of dredging under the before/after study design.

Pearson, Walter H.; Skalski, J R.; Sobocinski, Kathryn L.; Miller, Martin C.; Johnson, Gary E.; Williams, Greg D.; Southard, John A.; Buchanan, Rebecca A.

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Low latency and persistent data storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Persistent data storage is provided by a computer program product that includes computer program code configured for receiving a low latency store command that includes write data. The write data is written to a first memory device that is implemented by a nonvolatile solid-state memory technology characterized by a first access speed. It is acknowledged that the write data has been successfully written to the first memory device. The write data is written to a second memory device that is implemented by a volatile memory technology. At least a portion of the data in the first memory device is written to a third memory device when a predetermined amount of data has been accumulated in the first memory device. The third memory device is implemented by a nonvolatile solid-state memory technology characterized by a second access speed that is slower than the first access speed.

Fitch, Blake G; Franceschini, Michele M; Jagmohan, Ashish; Takken, Todd

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

19

Phosphors with long-persistent green phosphorescence  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to phosphors including long-persistence green phosphors. Phosphors of the invention are represented by the general formula: M.sub.k Al.sub.2 O.sub.4 :2xEu.sup.2+,2yR.sup.3+ wherein k-1-2x-2y, x is a number ranging from about 0.0001 to about 0.05, y is a number ranging from about x to about 3x, M is an alkaline earth metal, and R.sup.3+ is one or more trivalent metal ions. Phosphors of this invention include powders, ceramics, single crystals and single crystal fibers. A method of manufacturing improved phosphors and a method of manufacturing single crystal phosphors are also provided.

Yen, William M (Athens, GA); Jia, Weiyi (Mayaquez, PR); Lu, Lizhu (Athens, GA); Yuan, Huabiao (Athens, GA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Low latency and persistent data storage  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Persistent data storage is provided by a method that includes receiving a low latency store command that includes write data. The write data is written to a first memory device that is implemented by a nonvolatile solid-state memory technology characterized by a first access speed. It is acknowledged that the write data has been successfully written to the first memory device. The write data is written to a second memory device that is implemented by a volatile memory technology. At least a portion of the data in the first memory device is written to a third memory device when a predetermined amount of data has been accumulated in the first memory device. The third memory device is implemented by a nonvolatile solid-state memory technology characterized by a second access speed that is slower than the first access speed.

Fitch, Blake G; Franceschini, Michele M; Jagmohan, Ashish; Takken, Todd E

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Stranded Biogas Decision Tool for Fuel  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Stranded Biogas Decision Tool for Fuel Cell Co-Production Stranded Biogas Decision Tool for Fuel Cell Co-Production Project Summary Full Title: Stranded Biogas Decision Tool for Fuel Cell Co-Production Project ID: 257 Principal Investigator: Michael Ulsh Brief Description: This project will explore the feasibility and utility of using stranded biogas resources in fuel cell co-production networks as well as lay the basis for development of analysis and decision-making tools for potential biogas sources and energy end-users to evaluate the economic feasibility of deploying these systems. Performer Principal Investigator: Michael Ulsh Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Address: 1617 Cole Blvd. Golden, CO 80401 Telephone: 303-275-3842 Email: michael.ulsh@nrel.gov Website: http://www.nrel.gov

22

Characterizing marine mammal stranding events along the Texas coast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Texas Marine Mammal Stranding Network (TMMSN) is a valuable data resource for the marine mammal community. Limitations of funding and personnel severely impact the ability of the Network to maintain impeccable databases. This research...

Mullins, Ruth Louise

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

23

Characterization of Nb?Sn superconducting strand under pure bending  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characterizing the strain-dependent behavior of technological Nb?Sn superconducting strand has been an important subject of research for the past 25 years. Most of the effort has focused on understanding the uniaxial tension ...

Harris, David L., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Radiation induced strand breakage analyzed by tunel technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RADIATION INDUCED STRAND BREAKAGE ANALYZED BY TUNEL TECHNIQUE A Thesis MAtuSSA DAWN REYNOLDS Submitted to the 015ce of Graduate Studies of Texas Ad. M University in partial fu1611ment of the requirements for the dree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May... 2003 Major Subject: Health Physics RADIATION INDUCED STRAND BREAKAGE ANALYZED BY TUNEL TECHNIQUE A Thesis MAtuSSA DAWN REYNOLDS Submitted to Texas %%:M University in partial fulfillmen of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE...

Reynolds, Marissa Dawn

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Gene Expression Pathways Activated and Repair of DNA of Double Strand  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pathways Activated and Repair of DNA of Double Strand Pathways Activated and Repair of DNA of Double Strand Breaks (DSBs) Following Low Dose Ionizing Radiation in Human Bronchial Epithelial Cells (HBECs) With and Without Defined Premalignant Oncogenic Changes John Minna University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas Abstract We want to determine the effect of low dose ionizing radiation on the molecular progression of lung epithelial cells towards lung cancer. Our endpoints are focused on specific molecular and cellular changes known to be associated with lung cancer development and quantitating those changes as a function of low dose ionizing radiation. We use immortalized human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs) developed from >40 individuals (including those from current, former, and never smokers, males, females,

26

Pump apparatus including deconsolidator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A pump apparatus includes a particulate pump that defines a passage that extends from an inlet to an outlet. A duct is in flow communication with the outlet. The duct includes a deconsolidator configured to fragment particle agglomerates received from the passage.

Sonwane, Chandrashekhar; Saunders, Timothy; Fitzsimmons, Mark Andrew

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

27

COHERENT STRUCTURES IN PLASMA TURBULENCE: PERSISTENCE, INTERMITTENCY...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TURBULENCE: PERSISTENCE, INTERMITTENCY, AND CONNECTIONS WITH OBSERVATIONS by Kurt W. Smith A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of...

28

c) UNBUNDLING.- Any stranded cost recovery charge authorized by the  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

c) UNBUNDLING.- Any stranded cost recovery charge authorized by the c) UNBUNDLING.- Any stranded cost recovery charge authorized by the Commission to be assessed by the Tennessee Valley Authority shall be unbundled from the otherwise applicable rates and charges to such customer and separately stated on the bill of such customer. The Tennessee Valley Authority shall not recover wholesale stranded costs from any customer through any other rate, charge, or mechanism. (d) REPORT.-Beginning in fiscal year 2001, as part of the annual management report submitted by the Tennessee Valley Authority to Congress, the Tennessee Valley Authority shall also specifically report: (1) the status of the Tennessee Valley Authority's long-range financial plans and the progress toward its goal of competitively priced electric power, and a general discussion of the Tennessee

29

Method for fabricating multi-strand superconducting cable  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Multi-strand superconducting cables adapted to be used, for example, to wind a magnet are fabricated by directing wire strands inwardly from spools disposed on the perimeter of a rotating disk and wrapping them diagonally around a tapered mandrel with a flattened cross-sectional shape with a core having a wedge-shaped channel. As the cable is pulled axially, flexibly coupled wedge-shaped pieces are continuously passed through the channel in the mandrel and inserted into the cable as an internal support therefor.

Borden, A.R.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Directional Limits on Persistent Gravitational Waves Using LIGO S5 Science Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The gravitational-wave (GW) sky may include nearby pointlike sources as well as stochastic backgrounds. We perform two directional searches for persistent GWs using data from the LIGO S5 science run: one optimized for ...

Barnum, Sam

31

Boeing strike leaves satellites stranded on launch pad  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... About 1,500 Boeing machinists and engineers walked off the job at facilities across the United States on 2 ... 5 November, leaving it stranded atop its Delta IV rocket in Cape Canaveral, Florida. Boeing officials are now assessing whether it will be possible to restart the countdown using non ...

Geoff Brumfiel

2005-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

32

Characterization of a parallel-stranded DNA hairpin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, the authors have shown that synthetic DNA containing homooligomeric A-T base pairs can form a parallel-stranded intramolecular hairpin structure. In the present study, they have employed NMR and optical spectroscopy to investigate the structure of the parallel-stranded (PS) DNA hairpin 3{prime}-d(T){sub 8}C{sub 4}(A){sub 8}-3{prime} and the related antiparallel (APS) hair 5{prime}-d(T){sub 8}C{sub 4}(A){sub 8}-3{prime}. The parallel orientation of the strands in the PS oligonucleotide is achieved by introducing a 5{prime}-5{prime} phosphodiester linkage in the hairpin loop. Ultraviolet spectroscopic and fluorescence data of drug binding are consistent with the formation of PS and APS structures, respectively, in these two hairpins. Vacuum circular dichroism measurements in combination with theoretical CD calculations indicate that the PS structure forms a right-handed helix. {sup 31}P NMR measurements indicate that the conformation of the phosphodiester backbone of the PS structure is not drastically different from that of the APS control. The presence of slowly exchanging imino protons at 14 ppm and the observation of nuclear Overhauser enhancement between imino protons and the AH-2 protons demonstrate that similar base pairing and base stacking between T and A residues occur in both hairpins. On the basis of NOESY measurements, they find that the orientation of the bases is in the anti region and that the sugar puckering is in the 2{prime}-endo range. The results indicate a B-like conformation for each of the strands in the stem part of the PS hairpin and reverse Watson-Crick base pairing between the T and A residues. These data are consistent with a previously calculated structure for parallel-stranded DNA.

Germann, M.W.; Vogel, H.J.; Pon, R.T.; van de Sande, J.H. (Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada))

1989-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

33

Persistance d'ondes de choc. Persistance d'ondes dans les fluides compressibles.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/ 46 #12;Persistance d'ondes de choc. Introduction Thermodynamique Gaz He Ne H2 CO2 Vapeur d'eau b (cm3Persistance d'ondes de choc. Persistance d'ondes dans les fluides compressibles. Magali Mercier Thermodynamique On s'intéresse aux équations d'Euler compressibles pour des solutions régulières : 8

Mercier, Magali

34

An Evaluation of Savings and Measure Persistence from Retrocommissioning of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

An Evaluation of Savings and Measure Persistence from Retrocommissioning of An Evaluation of Savings and Measure Persistence from Retrocommissioning of Large Commercial Buildings Title An Evaluation of Savings and Measure Persistence from Retrocommissioning of Large Commercial Buildings Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-54986 Year of Publication 2004 Authors Bourassa, Norman, Mary Ann Piette, and Naoya Motegi Conference Name 2004 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Date Published 05/2004 Conference Location Pacific Grove, CA Call Number LBNL-54986 Abstract Commercial building retrocommissioning activity has increased in recent years. LBNL recently conducted a study of 8 participants in Sacramento Municipal Utility District's (SMUD) retrocommissioning program. We evaluated the persistence of energy savings and measure implementation, in an effort to identify and understand factors that affect the longevity of retrocommissioning benefits. The LBNL analysis looked at whole-building energy and the retrocommissioning measure implementation status, incorporating elements from previous work by Texas A&M University and Portland Energy Conservation Inc. When possible, adjustments due to newly discovered major end uses, occupancy patterns and 2001 energy crisis responses were included in the whole-building energy analysis. The measure implementation analysis categorized each recommended measure and tracked the measures to their current operational status. Results showed a 59% implementation rate of recommended measures. The whole-building energy analysis showed an aggregate electricity savings of approximately 10.5% in the second post-retrocommissioning year, diminishing to approximately 8% in the fourth year. Results also showed the 2001 energy crisis played a significant role in the post-retrocommissioning energy use at the candidate sites. When natural gas consumption was included in the analysis, savings were reduced slightly, showing the importance in considering interactive effects between cooling and heating systems. The cost effectiveness of retrocommissioning was very attractive at the sites studied. However, funding for retrocommissioning activities is still very constrained.

35

Structure of the guide-strand-containing argonaute silencing complex  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The slicer activity of the RNA-induced silencing complex is associated with argonaute, the RNase H-like PIWI domain of which catalyses guide-strand-mediated sequence-specific cleavage of target messenger RNA. Here we report on the crystal structure of Thermus thermophilus argonaute bound to a 5'-phosphorylated 21-base DNA guide strand, thereby identifying the nucleic-acid-binding channel positioned between the PAZ- and PIWI-containing lobes, as well as the pivot-like conformational changes associated with complex formation. The bound guide strand is anchored at both of its ends, with the solvent-exposed Watson-Crick edges of stacked bases 2 to 6 positioned for nucleation with the mRNA target, whereas two critically positioned arginines lock bases 10 and 11 at the cleavage site into an unanticipated orthogonal alignment. Biochemical studies indicate that key amino acid residues at the active site and those lining the 5'-phosphate-binding pocket made up of the Mid domain are critical for cleavage activity, whereas alterations of residues lining the 2-nucleotide 3'-end-binding pocket made up of the PAZ domain show little effect.

Wang, Yanli; Sheng, Gang; Juranek, Stefan; Tuschl, Thomas; Patel, Dinshaw J. (MSKCC); (HHMI)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

36

Fabrication and test of 4m long Nb3Sn quadrupole coil made of RRP-114-127 strand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fermilab is collaborating with LBNL and BNL (US-LARP collaboration) to develop a large-aperture Nb{sub 3}Sn superconducting quadrupole for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) luminosity upgrade. Several two-layer quadrupole models of the 1-meter and 3.4-meter length with 90mm apertures have been fabricated and tested by the US-LARP collaboration. High-Jc RRP-54/61 strand was used for nearly all models. Large flux jumps typical for this strand due to the large sub-element diameter limited magnet quench performance at temperatures below 2.5-3K. This paper summarizes the fabrication and test by Fermilab of LQM01, a long quadrupole coil test structure (quadrupole mirror) with the first 3.4m quadrupole coil made of more stable RRP-114/127 strand. The coil and structure are fully instrumented with voltage taps, full bridge strain gauges and strip heaters to monitor preload, thermal properties and quench behavior. Measurements during fabrication are reported, including preload during the yoke welding process. Testing is done at 4.5K, 1.9K and a range of intermediate temperatures. The test results include magnet strain and quench performance during training, as well as quench studies of current ramp rate and temperature dependence from 1.9K to 4.5K.

Bossert, R.; Ambrosio, G.; Andreev, N.; Barzi, E.; Chlachidze, G.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Lamm, M.; Nobrega, A.; Novitski, I.; Orris, D.; Tartaglia, M.; /Fermilab

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Breastfeeding may protect against persistent stuttering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractPurpose This study investigated the hypothesis that breastfeeding in infancy might protect against persistent stuttering in children. Method We collected new data from the mothers of current and past participants in the Illinois Stuttering Research Program on their children's feeding history during infancy. We obtained 47 usable responses, for 17 children with persistent stuttering and 30 children who recovered naturally after a period of stuttering. Results A chi-squared test for linear trend revealed a significant relationship between breastfeeding duration and the likelihood of natural recovery for the boys in the sample. Mothers of children in the persistent group were no more likely to report early feeding difficulties which might have suggested an underlying oral motor deficit in children predisposed toward persistent stuttering. Conclusions Our results offer preliminary support for the idea that breastfeeding may confer a measure of protection against persistent stuttering. The fatty acid profile of human milk, with its potential to affect both gene expression and the composition of neural tissue, may explain this association. Further research is called for. Learning outcomes: The reader will be able to discuss at least one reason why human milk may make a difference in neurodevelopment generally and with regard to stuttering outcomes specifically. Additionally, the reader will be able to describe the relationship between breastfeeding duration and stuttering recovery observed in this sample.

Jamie Mahurin-Smith; Nicoline G. Ambrose

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Betti numbers in multidimensional persistent homology are stable functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Betti numbers in multidimensional persistent homology are stable functions Andrea Cerri Barbara Di can be studied through their persistent Betti numbers, i.e. the dimensions of the images of persistent Betti numbers. Varying the lower level sets, we get that persistent Betti numbers can be seen

Frosini, Patrizio

39

Persistent ion beam induced conductivity in zinc oxide nanowires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report persistently increased conduction in ZnO nanowires irradiated by ion beam with various ion energies and species. This effect is shown to be related to the already known persistent photo conduction in ZnO and dubbed persistent ion beam induced conduction. Both effects show similar excitation efficiency, decay rates, and chemical sensitivity. Persistent ion beam induced conduction will potentially allow countable (i.e., single dopant) implantation in ZnO nanostructures and other materials showing persistent photo conduction.

Johannes, Andreas; Niepelt, Raphael; Gnauck, Martin; Ronning, Carsten [Institute of Solid State Physics, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany)

2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

40

Lattice ribbons: A model of double-stranded polymers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We introduce a discrete ribbon model for double-stranded polymers (such as duplex DNA) where the ribbon is constrained to lie on the simple cubic lattice Z3. The ribbon is made up of a sequence of plaquettes and can either be open or closed. We investigate the growth of the number of ribbons as a function of the number of plaquettes and use Monte Carlo methods to estimate the dimensions of the ribbon, the writhe of the backbone and, in the case of orientable closed ribbons, the linking number of the two boundary curves.

E.J. Janse van Rensburg; E. Orlandini; D.W Sumners; M.C. Tesi; S.G. Whittington

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Persistence of soil organic matter as an ecosystem property  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Globally, soil organic matter (SOM) contains more than three times as much carbon as either the atmosphere or terrestrial vegetation. Yet it remains largely unknown why some SOM persists for millennia whereas other SOM decomposes readily—and this limits our ability to predict how soils will respond to climate change. Recent analytical and experimental advances have demonstrated that molecular structure alone does not control SOM stability: in fact, environmental and biological controls predominate. Here we propose ways to include this understanding in a new generation of experiments and soil carbon models, thereby improving predictions of the SOM response to global warming.

Schmidt, M.W.; Torn, M. S.; Abiven, S.; Dittmar, T.; Guggenberger, G.; Janssens, I.A.; Kleber, M.; Kögel-Knabner, I.; Lehmann, J.; Manning, D.A.C.; Nannipieri, P.; Rasse, D.P.; Weiner, S.; Trumbore, S.E.

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

Solid-state NMR analysis of the {beta}-strand orientation of the protofibrils of amyloid {beta}-protein  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The supramolecular structure of A{beta}42 protofibrils was analyzed by solid-state NMR. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The Ala-21 residue in the A{beta}42 protofibrils is included in a slightly disordered {beta}-strand. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The A{beta}42 protofibrils do not form intermolecular in-register parallel {beta}-sheets. -- Abstract: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is caused by abnormal deposition (fibrillation) of a 42-residue amyloid {beta}-protein (A{beta}42) in the brain. During the process of fibrillation, the A{beta}42 takes the form of protofibrils with strong neurotoxicity, and is thus believed to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of AD. To elucidate the supramolecular structure of the A{beta}42 protofibrils, the intermolecular proximity of the Ala-21 residues in the A{beta}42 protofibrils was analyzed by {sup 13}C-{sup 13}C rotational resonance experiments in the solid state. Unlike the A{beta}42 fibrils, an intermolecular {sup 13}C-{sup 13}C correlation was not found in the A{beta}42 protofibrils. This result suggests that the {beta}-strands of the A{beta}42 protofibrils are not in an in-register parallel orientation. A{beta}42 monomers would assemble to form protofibrils with the {beta}-strand conformation, then transform into fibrils by forming intermolecular parallel {beta}-sheets.

Doi, Takashi [Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Masuda, Yuichi, E-mail: masuda@mail.pharm.tohoku.ac.jp [Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan) [Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Irie, Kazuhiro [Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Akagi, Ken-ichi; Monobe, Youko; Imazawa, Takayoshi [Section of Laboratory Equipment, Division of Biomedical Research, National Institute of Biomedical Innovation, Osaka 567-0085 (Japan)] [Section of Laboratory Equipment, Division of Biomedical Research, National Institute of Biomedical Innovation, Osaka 567-0085 (Japan); Takegoshi, K. [Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

43

Long memory and changing persistence Robinson Kruse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long memory and changing persistence Robinson Kruse and Philipp Sibbertsen August 2010 Abstract We study the empirical behaviour of semi-parametric log-periodogram estimation for long memory models when suggest that evidence for long memory is likely to be found. A recently proposed test by Sibbertsen

Weber, Stefan

44

Rnnotator: an automated de novo transcriptome assembly pipeline from stranded RNA-Seq reads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transcriptome assembly pipeline from stranded RNA-Seq readsRnnotator assembly pipeline. Figure 2. Read dereplicationan automated software pipeline that generates transcript

Martin, Jeffrey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Persistance d'ondes de choc. Persistance d'ondes dans les fluides compressibles.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

choc. Introduction Thermodynamique Gaz He Ne H2 CO2 Vapeur d'eau b (cm3/mol) 23.71 17.10 26.61 42.69 30Persistance d'ondes de choc. Persistance d'ondes dans les fluides compressibles. Magali Mercier d'Euler compressibles pour des solutions régulières : 8 >: t + div(u) = 0 , t u + (u · )u + 1 p

Mercier, Magali

46

UAV Cooperation Architectures for Persistent Sensing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the number of small, inexpensive Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs) increasing, it is feasible to build multi-UAV sensing networks. In particular, by using UAVs in conjunction with unattended ground sensors, a degree of persistent sensing can be achieved. With proper UAV cooperation algorithms, sensing is maintained even though exceptional events, e.g., the loss of a UAV, have occurred. In this paper a cooperation technique that allows multiple UAVs to perform coordinated, persistent sensing with unattended ground sensors over a wide area is described. The technique automatically adapts the UAV paths so that on the average, the amount of time that any sensor has to wait for a UAV revisit is minimized. We also describe the Simulation, Tactical Operations and Mission Planning (STOMP) software architecture. This architecture is designed to help simulate and operate distributed sensor networks where multiple UAVs are used to collect data.

Roberts, R S; Kent, C A; Jones, E D

2003-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

47

Persistent Nodes for Reliable Memory in Geographically Local Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Persistent Node is a redundant distributed mechanism for storing a key/value pair reliably in a geographically local network. In this paper, I develop a method of establishing Persistent Nodes in an amorphous matrix. I ...

Beal, Jacob

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

48

Regulation of Single Stranded DNA Binding by the C-termini of E. coli SSB protein.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regulation of Single Stranded DNA Binding by the C-termini of E. coli SSB protein. Alexander G@biochem.wustl.edu The homotetrameric E. coli single stranded DNA binding (SSB) protein plays a central role in DNA replication, repair domain (5). The E. coli SSB protein is the prototypical example of the homotetrameric class of SSB

Lohman, Timothy M.

49

BEAM-BASED MEASUREMENTS OF PERSISTENT CURRENT DECAY IN RHIC.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The two RHIC rings are equipped with superconducting dipole magnets. At injection, induced persistent currents in these magnets lead to a sextupole component. As the persistent currents decay with time, the horizontal and vertical chromaticities change. From magnet measurements of persistent current decays, chromaticity changes in the machine are estimated and compared with chromaticity measurements.

FISCHER,W.; JAIN,A.; TEPIKIAN,S.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

50

Creating Directed Double-strand Breaks with the Ref Protein: A Novel Rec A-Dependent Nuclease from Bacteriophage P1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bacteriophage P1-encoded Ref protein enhances RecA-dependent recombination in vivo by an unknown mechanism. We demonstrate that Ref is a new type of enzyme; that is, a RecA-dependent nuclease. Ref binds to ss- and dsDNA but does not cleave any DNA substrate until RecA protein and ATP are added to form RecA nucleoprotein filaments. Ref cleaves only where RecA protein is bound. RecA functions as a co-nuclease in the Ref/RecA system. Ref nuclease activity can be limited to the targeted strands of short RecA-containing D-loops. The result is a uniquely programmable endonuclease activity, producing targeted double-strand breaks at any chosen DNA sequence in an oligonucleotide-directed fashion. We present evidence indicating that cleavage occurs in the RecA filament groove. The structure of the Ref protein has been determined to 1.4 {angstrom} resolution. The core structure, consisting of residues 77-186, consists of a central 2-stranded {beta}-hairpin that is sandwiched between several {alpha}-helical and extended loop elements. The N-terminal 76 amino acid residues are disordered; this flexible region is required for optimal activity. The overall structure of Ref, including several putative active site histidine residues, defines a new subclass of HNH-family nucleases. We propose that enhancement of recombination by Ref reflects the introduction of directed, recombinogenic double-strand breaks.

Gruenig, Marielle C.; Lu, Duo; Won, Sang Joon; Dulberger, Charles L.; Manlick, Angela J.; Keck, James L.; Cox, Michael M. (UW)

2012-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

51

CBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Mixed Signals Still Persist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistics. The Nevada Coincident Employment Index includes four employment measures ­ household employmentCBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Indexes1 Mixed Signals Still Persist The Nevada Coincident Employment Index measures the ups and downs of the Nevada economy using an index of employment

Ahmad, Sajjad

52

Unzipping Kinetics of Double-Stranded DNA in a Nanopore Alexis F. Sauer-Budge,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- technological applications [11,12]. To explore strand separation in a nanopore we designed two synthetic DNA

53

Meals included in Conference Registrations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meals included in Conference Registrations Meals included as part of the cost of a conference the most reasonable rates are obtained. Deluxe hotels and motels should be avoided. GSA rates have been for Georgia high cost areas. 75% of these amounts would be $21 for non- high cost areas and $27 for high cost

Arnold, Jonathan

54

Exotic quantum transport in double-stranded Kronig-Penney model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce double-stranded Kronig-Penney model and analyze its transport properties. The asymmetric fluxes between two strands with suddenly alternating localization patterns are found as the energy is varied. The zero-size limit of the internal lines connecting two strands is examined using quantum graph vertices with four edges. We also consider a two-dimensional Kronig-Penney lattice with two types of alternating layers with $\\delta$ and $\\delta'$ connections, and show that the existence of energy bands in which the quantum flux can flow only in selected directions.

Taksu Cheon; Sergey S. Poghosyan

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

55

Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) Author Parviz Tarikhi Published N/A, 2010 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) Citation Parviz Tarikhi. Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) [Internet]. 2010. Tunis, Tunisia. N/A. [cited 2013/09/17]. Available from: http://parviztarikhi.files.wordpress.com/2010/05/3psinsar-i-parviz_tarikhi.pdf Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Synthetic_Aperture_Radar_Persistent_Scatterer_Interferometry_(PSInSAR)&oldid=682949"

56

Quantitative, non-invasive imaging of radiation-induced DNA double strand breaks in vivo  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quantitative, non-invasive imaging of radiation-induced DNA double strand breaks in vivo Quantitative, non-invasive imaging of radiation-induced DNA double strand breaks in vivo Wenrong Li 1, , Fang Li 1 , Qian Huang 1 , Jingping Shen 1 , Frank Wolf 1 , Yujun He 1 , Xinjian Liu 1 , Y. Angela Hu 1 , Joel. S. Bedford 5 , and Chuan-Yuan Li 1,2,* Departments of 1 Radiation Oncology, 2 Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA; 3 Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA DNA double strand breaks are a major form of DNA damage and a key mechanism through which radiotherapy and some chemotherapeutic agents kill cancer cells. Despite its importance, measuring DNA double strand breaks is still a tedious task that is normally carried out by gel electrophoresis or immunofluorescence staining. Here we report a novel approach to image and

57

GTL or LNG: which is the best way to monetize “stranded” natural gas?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A large portion of world’s natural gas reserves are “stranded” resources, the drive to monetize these resources leads to the development of gas-to-liquids (GTL) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) technologies. LNG h...

Lichun Dong; Shun’an Wei; Shiyu Tan; Hongjing Zhang

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

The effect of double-stranded (DS) RNA on Monosporascus cannonballus culture morphology and virulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Attempts to eliminate double-stranded (ds) RNA elements in Monosporascus cannonballus by subculturing on PDA amended with various concentrations of cycloheximide (O to 15 pg/ml) and incubating at elevated temperatures were partially effective...

Park, Yunjung

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

59

Effect of catechins and tannins on depleted uranium-induced DNA strand breaks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effects of polyphenols on plasmid DNA strand breaks by depleted uranium were studied using four catechins: (+)...2 2+) with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) were strongly enhanced by EGC, EGCG, MMT, a...

Emiko Matsuda; Akira Nakajima

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Energetically Biased DNA Motor Containing a Thermodynamically Stable Partial Strand Displacements State  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Current work in tuning DNA kinetics has focused on changing toehold lengths and DNA concentrations. However, kinetics can also be improved by enhancing the completion probability of the strand displacement process. Here, we execute this strategy by ...

Preston Boone Landon; Joon Lee; Michael Taeyoung Hwang; Alexander H Mo; Chen Zhang; Anthony Neuberger; Brian Meckes; Jose Juan Gutierrez; Gennadi Glinsky; Ratnesh Lal

2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Sponsorship includes: Agriculture in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sponsorship includes: · Agriculture in the Classroom · Douglas County Farm Bureau · Gifford Farm · University of Nebraska Agricultural Research and Development Center · University of Nebraska- Lincoln Awareness Coalition is to help youth, primarily from urban communities, become aware of agriculture

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

62

Cytomegalovirus pp65 limits dissemination but is dispensable for persistence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The tegument phosphoprotein pp65 (UL83) is the most abundant virion protein in human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). Since pp65 is immunodominant in persistently infected individuals, subunit vaccines against HCMV often include pp65 as T cell stimulatory component. Although HCMV pp65 is non-essential for viral growth in vitro it is thought to have an important role in primary and persistent infection since pp65 displays multiple immunomodulatory functions. To determine whether pp65 is required for infection and to evaluate its role in natural and vaccination-induced immunity we generated a rhesus CMV lacking both homologues, pp65a (Rh111) and pp65b (Rh112). Lack of pp65 resulted in a slight growth defect in vitro and an increase of defective particle formation. However, most pp65-deleted virions in the supernatant were phenotypically normal and proteomics analysis revealed that the ratios of the remaining viral proteins were largely unchanged. RhCMV ?pp65ab was able to persistently infect CMV-negative rhesus macaques (RM) and to super-infect RM previously infected with CMV. To determine whether T cells against pp65 are essential for protection against CMV, we challenged ?pp65ab-infected animals with RhCMV ?US2-11, a viral recombinant that lacks inhibitors of MHC-I antigen presentation and is thus unable to overcome CMV-specific T cell immunity. Despite a complete lack of pp65-specific T cells, ?pp65ab protected against ?US2-11 challenge suggesting that pp65-specific T cells are not essential for T cell immunity against CMV. Using the same approach we further demonstrate that pp65b-specific T cells, induced by heterologous prime/boost vaccination, are not sufficient to protect against ?US2-11 challenge. Our data provides a new approach to test the efficacy of subunit vaccine candidates and suggest that pp65 vaccines are insufficient to induce a T cell response that recapitulates the protective effect of natural infection.

Malouli, Daniel; Hansen, Scott G.; Nakayasu, Ernesto S.; Marshall, Emily E.; Hughes, Colette M.; Ventura, Abigail B.; Gilbride, Roxanne M.; Lewis, Matthew S.; Xu, Guangwu; Kreklywich, Craig N.; Whizin, Nathan; Fischer, Miranda; Legasse, Alfred W.; Viswanathan, Kasinath; Siess, Don; Camp, David G.; Axthelm, Michael K.; Kahl, Christoph; DeFilippis, Victor R.; Smith, Richard D.; Streblow, Daniel N.; Picker, Louis J.; Fruh, Klaus

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Investigation of structure and properties of the Nb rods manufactured by different deformation and heat treatment regimes in mass production conditions for the Nb{sub 3}Sn strands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From 2009 the mass production of the Nb{sub 3}Sn strands for ITER with the yield of several tens of tons per year operates at JSC Chepetsky Mechanical Plant (Glazov, Russia). In order to enhance the stability of output characteristics of the produced Nb{sub 3}Sn strands, to increase the Nb filaments dimensional homogeneity the manufacture regimes improvement of the used semiproducts such as Nb rods intended for the superconducting filaments formation in the finished strands has been carried out. In the work the investigations of the Nb rheological behavior, the influence of heat treatment in the wide temperature range from 700 to 1300 °C on the predeformed Nb rods structure and mechanical properties have been performed. Different production routes of the Nb rods, including such operations like forging, extrusion and drawing combined with the recrystallization annealings, were used. Composite Nb{sub 3}Sn strands have been produced and their electrophysical properties have been tested. For the first time influence of the niobium rods manufacture regimes on the current carrying capacity of the industrial Nb{sub 3}Sn strands has been investigated.

Abdyukhanov, I. M.; Vorobieva, A. E.; Alekseev, M. V.; Mareev, K. A.; Dergunova, E. A.; Peredkova, T. N. [JSC Bochvar High-Technology Research Institute of Inorganic Materials, 5a Rogova St., Moscow, 123060 (Russian Federation); Shikov, A. K. [NRC Kurchatov Institute, 1 Akademika Kurchatova Sq., Moscow, 123182 (Russian Federation); Utkin, K. V.; Vorobieva, A. V.; Kharkovsky, D. N. [JSC Chepetsky Mechanical Plant, 7 Belova St., Glazov, 427620 (Russian Federation)

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

64

Sequence Design for a Test Tube of Interacting Nucleic Acid Strands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sequence Design for a Test Tube of Interacting Nucleic Acid Strands ... We describe an algorithm for designing the equilibrium base-pairing properties of a test tube of interacting nucleic acid strands. ... A target test tube is specified as a set of desired “on-target” complexes, each with a target secondary structure and target concentration, and a set of undesired “off-target” complexes, each with vanishing target concentration. ...

Brian R. Wolfe; Niles A. Pierce

2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

65

Persistent DDE in the Mesopotamian Wetlands of Southern Iraq  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Screening of potential pollutants in surface sediments revealed that almost all persistent organochlorine pesticides were not detected in the newly flooded Mesopotamian wetlands of southern Iraq. This observation...

Ali A. Z. DouAbul; Sama S. Mohammed…

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

The Formation and Persistence of Automobile Brand Preferences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Formation and Persistence of Automobile Brand Preferences Soren T. Anderson Michigan State preferences in the automobile market demonstrate strong persistence, which im- plies that market conditions empirical evidence that (1) individuals tend to choose the same brand of automobile again and again

Silver, Whendee

67

Evaluating an icon of population persistence: the Devil's Hole pupfish  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research articles 1001 60 197 Evaluating an icon of population persistence: the Devil's Hole pupfish J. Michael...Based on our analyses, we conclude that rather than being an icon of unusual persistence in isolation, the Devil's Hole pupfish...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Appendix F Cultural Resources, Including  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Appendix F Appendix F Cultural Resources, Including Section 106 Consultation STATE OF CALIFORNIA - THE RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN, JR., Governor OFFICE OF HISTORIC PRESERVATION DEPARTMENT OF PARKS AND RECREATION 1725 23 rd Street, Suite 100 SACRAMENTO, CA 95816-7100 (916) 445-7000 Fax: (916) 445-7053 calshpo@parks.ca.gov www.ohp.parks.ca.gov June 14, 2011 Reply in Reference To: DOE110407A Angela Colamaria Loan Programs Office Environmental Compliance Division Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave SW, LP-10 Washington, DC 20585 Re: Topaz Solar Farm, San Luis Obispo County, California Dear Ms. Colamaria: Thank you for seeking my consultation regarding the above noted undertaking. Pursuant to 36 CFR Part 800 (as amended 8-05-04) regulations implementing Section

69

Making web annotations persistent over time  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As Digital Libraries (DL) become more aligned with the web architecture, their functional components need to be fundamentally rethought in terms of URIs and HTTP. Annotation, a core scholarly activity enabled by many DL solutions, exhibits a clearly unacceptable characteristic when existing models are applied to the web: due to the representations of web resources changing over time, an annotation made about a web resource today may no longer be relevant to the representation that is served from that same resource tomorrow. We assume the existence of archived versions of resources, and combine the temporal features of the emerging Open Annotation data model with the capability offered by the Memento framework that allows seamless navigation from the URI of a resource to archived versions of that resource, and arrive at a solution that provides guarantees regarding the persistence of web annotations over time. More specifically, we provide theoretical solutions and proof-of-concept experimental evaluations for two problems: reconstructing an existing annotation so that the correct archived version is displayed for all resources involved in the annotation, and retrieving all annotations that involve a given archived version of a web resource.

Sanderson, Robert [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Van De Sompel, Herbert [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 01/13/14 7.83 7.76 7.90 8.91 8.76 8.11 3.68 01/06/14 8.00 7.78 7.94 8.92 8.74 8.09 3.69 12/30/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.68 12/23/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.63 12/16/13 7.86 7.79 8.05 9.00 8.78 8.08 3.61 12/9/13 7.95 7.81 8.14 8.99 8.80 8.12 3.63 12/2/13 7.91 7.68 8.07 8.85 8.68 8.08 3.64 11/25/13 7.69 7.61 8.07 8.77 8.63 7.97 3.65 11/18/13 7.99 7.54 8.00 8.70 8.57 7.92 3.57 11/11/13 7.63 7.44 7.79 8.63 8.46 7.85 3.55 11/4/13 7.70 7.51 7.98 8.70 8.59 7.86 3.61 10/28/13 8.02 7.74 8.08 8.96 8.79 8.04 3.64 10/21/13 7.91 7.71 8.11 8.94 8.80 8.05 3.70 10/14/13 7.88 7.62 8.05 8.87 8.74 7.97 3.69

71

Comparison and Analysis of Twist Pitch Length Test Methods for ITER Nb3Sn and NbTi Strands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A twisted multifilamentary structure is needed for Nb3Sn and NbTi strands to be used in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) magnets. As important parameters for the superconducting strands design and production, the twist pitch length and direction of strands must meet the requirements according to ITER Procurement Arrangement (PA) and this must be verified. The technical requirements are 15mm+/-2mm for twist pitch length and right hand twist for direction. The strand twist pitch and the twist direction can be measured on straight sections of strand, which is recognized by the repetition of filament bundles or by the angle of the filaments. Several test methods and results are described and compared in this paper. The accuracy, uncertainty and feasibility of different methods are analyzed and recommended measurement methods are proposed for ITER strands verification.

Fang Liu; Feng Long; Chao Chen; Bo Liu; Yu Wu; Huajun Liu

2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

72

The scaling of transport AC losses in Roebel cables with varying strand parameters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Roebel cable is a good candidate for low-voltage windings in a high-temperature superconductor (HTS) transformer because of its high current-carrying capability and low AC loss. Transport AC loss measurements were carried out in 1.8 m long 15/5 (fifteen 5 mm wide strands) and 15/4 Roebel cables. The results were compared with those in many Roebel cables composed of 2 mm wide Roebel strands. Comparison of the AC losses hinted that the intrinsic difference in normalized transport AC losses is due to differences in the g/w (ratio of the horizontal gap between the Roebel strands over the Roebel strand width) values. The intrinsic difference was confirmed by measuring transport AC loss in a series of horizontally arranged parallel conductor pairs with various g values. A method to scale transport AC losses in Roebel cables with varying strand parameters was developed. The scaling method will be useful for a rough assessment of AC loss in one-layer solenoid winding coils, such as in a HTS transformer.

Zhenan Jiang; Mike Staines; Nicholas J Long; Rodney A Badcock; Chris Bumby; Evgeny Talantsev; Kent Hamilton; Robert G Buckley; Naoyuki Amemiya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Recognition of double helical DNA by alternate strand triple helix formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The triplet specificities and required strand orientations of two classes of DNA triple helices can be combined to target double helical sequences containing all four base pairs by alternate strand triple helix formation. This allows for the use of oligonucleotides containing only natural 3{prime}-5{prime} phosphodiester linkages to simultaneously bind both strands of double helical DNA in the major groove. The stabilities and structures of these alternate strand triple helices depend on whether the binding site sequences is 5{prime}-(purine){sub m}(pyrimidine){sub n}-3{prime} or 5{prime}-(pyrimidine){sub m}(purine){sub n}-3{prime}. The sequence type 5{prime}-(purine){sub m}- (pyrimidine){sub n}-3{prime} was targeted with an oligonucleotide consisting of a pyrimidine domain and a purine domain linked by a 3{prime}-5{prime} phosphodiester. To bind the duplex sequence type 5{prime}-(pyrimidine){sub m}(purine){sub n}-3{prime}, the third strand requires at least two nucleotides linking binding domains at the site of crossover in the major groove. A new class of oligonucleotides capable of binding mixed duplex sequences by crossovers in the major groove may be possible. 15 refs., 13 figs.

Beal, P.A.; Dervan, P.B. [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA (United States)

1992-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

74

Persistence and transport potential of chemicals in a multimedia environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Persistence in the environment and potential for long-range transport are related since time in the environment is required for transport. A persistent chemical will travel longer distances than a reactive chemical that shares similar chemical properties. Scheringer (1997) has demonstrated the correlation between persistence and transport distance for different organic chemicals. However, this correlation is not sufficiently robust to predict one property from the other. Specific chemicals that are persistent mayor may not exhibit long-range transport potential. Persistence and long-range transport also present different societal concerns. Persistence concerns relate to the undesired possibility that chemicals produced and used now may somehow negatively affect future generations. Long-range transport concerns relate to the undesired presence of chemicals in areas where these compounds have not been used. Environmental policy decisions can be based on either or both considerations depending on the aim of the regulatory program. In this chapter, definitions and methods for quantifying persistence and transport potential of organic chemicals are proposed which will assist in the development of sound regulatory frameworks.

van de Meent, D.; McKone, T.E.; Parkerton, T.; Matthies, M.; Scheringer, M.; Wania, F.; Purdy, R.; Bennett, D.H.

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

The Role of DNA double-strand break repair in cellular response to low  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DNA double-strand break repair in cellular response to low DNA double-strand break repair in cellular response to low dose radiation exposure. David J. Chen Division of Molecular Radiation Biology, Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas TX 75390 It has been assumed that molecular pathways that involved in the biological response for low dose of radiation should be similar to those for high dose radiation in general. The low dose-rate effect and DNA double-strand break repair are inextricably linked in mammalian cells. It has been reported that mammalian mutant cells deficient in nonhomologous end join (NHEJ) pathway have little or no cellular recovery when expose to low-dose-rate radiation. Recently, it has also been reported that cells deficient in

76

Correlation of superconductor strand, cable, and dipole critical currents in CBA magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A calibration between vendor critical current data for 0.0268'' diameter superconductor strand supplied to Fermilab, and the BNL 10/sup -12/..cap omega..cm critical current specification is presented. Vendor critical current data for over 400 Fermilab type billets are shown, both as supplied by the vendor and converted to BNL units. Predictions of cable critical current are made using the sum of the critical currents of the 23 strands, where all strands from the same half billet are assigned the same critical current. The measured critical current shows excellent correlation to the predicted value and is approximately 14 +- 2 percent below it. Colliding Beam Accelerator (CBA) full length dipoles reach the conductor critical current limit, essentially without training. Magnet performance is predictable from the measured critical current of a short sample of cable to within 2%.

Tannenbaum, M.J.; Garber, M.; Sampson, W.B.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

The dependence of AC loss characteristics on the spacing between strands in YBCO Roebel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transport AC loss in a short length of 9/2 YBCO Roebel cable, (i.e. with 9 ? 2 mm width strands), with 0.25 mm spacers between the strands is measured. The frequency varies from 59 to 354 Hz. The result is compared with the loss for a cable without spacers between the strands. Transport AC loss is decreased by the presence of the spacers. The AC loss reduction due to the extra spacing is more significant when the amplitude of the cable current is small compared to the cable Ic. The losses in the cable with spacers normalized by the square of the cable currents plotted against It/Ic approximately agree with those in a cable without spacers. Electromagnetic modelling was carried out for 9/2 and 8/2 cables, modelled as parallel stacks, to assist in understanding the above experimental results. The 8/2 configuration allows the greater use of symmetry to speed computations. Reasonable agreement between the numerical results and the measured results was obtained. This supports suggestions made in previous publications that the transport AC loss in a Roebel cable is roughly equivalent to the loss in two parallel stacks carrying the same current in each tape. The electromagnetic analysis in the 8/2 stacks shows the flux lines are more perpendicular to the strand face when the vertical space between strands is smaller, and this leads to a larger induced electrical field and larger AC loss. At small current amplitudes, the modelling shows the spacing has a strong effect on the AC loss in the surfaced part of the strands.

Zhenan Jiang; K P Thakur; Mike Staines; R A Badcock; N J Long; R G Buckley; A D Caplin; Naoyuki Amemiya

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Manganese oxide helices, rings, strands, and films, and methods for their preparation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods for the preparation of mixed-valence manganese oxide compositions with quaternary ammonium ions are described. The compositions self-assemble into helices, rings, and strands without any imposed concentration gradient. These helices, rings, and strands, as well as films having the same composition, undergo rapid ion exchange to replace the quaternary ammonium ions with various metal ions. And the metal-ion-containing manganese oxide compositions so formed can be heat treated to form semi-conducting materials with high surface areas.

Suib, Steven L. (Storrs, CT); Giraldo, Oscar (Storrs, CT); Marquez, Manuel (Wheeling, IL); Brock, Stephanie (Detroit, MI)

2003-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

79

Persistent patrolling in the presence of adversarial observers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The majority of persistent patrolling strategies seek to minimize the time between visits or "idleness" of any target or location within an environment in an attempt to locate a hidden adversary as quickly as possible. ...

Root, Philip J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

CAVERN: A Distributed Architecture for Supporting Scalable Persistence and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CAVERN: A Distributed Architecture for Supporting Scalable Persistence and InteroperabilityFanti Electronic Visualization Laboratory University of Illinois at Chicago Abstract: CAVERN, the CAVE Research is the common collaborative software architecture for CAVERN. CAVERNsoft uses light-weight distributed data

Johnson, Andrew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Persistent vision-based search and track using multiple UAVs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have attracted interest for their ability to carry out missions such as border patrol, urban traffic monitoring, persistent surveillance, and search and rescue operations. Most of these ...

Bethke, Brett (Brett M.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Temperature-enhanced persistent currents and ?0/2 periodicity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We predict a nonmonotonous temperature dependence of the persistent currents in a ballistic ring coupled strongly to a stub in the grand-canonical as well as in the canonical case. We also show that such a nonmonotonous temperature dependence can naturally lead to a ?0/2 periodicity of the persistent currents, where ?0=h/e. There is a crossover temperature T*, below which persistent currents increase in amplitude with temperature while they decrease above this temperature. This is in contrast to persistent currents in rings being monotonously affected by temperature. T* is parameter-dependent but of the order of ?u/?2kB, where ?u is the level spacing of the isolated ring. For the grand-canonical case, T* is half of that for the canonical case.

M. V. Moskalets and P. Singha Deo

2000-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

Cholesteric helical pitch of near persistence length DNA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cholesteric helical pitch of near persistence length DNA ... We report measurements of the cholesteric pitch and twist elastic constant (K22) in monodisperse suspensions of the rodlike virus filamentous bacteriophage fd. ...

David H. Van Winkle; Michael W. Davidson; Wan Xu Chen; Randolph L. Rill

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Senescence Can Explain Microbial Persistence I. Klappera,b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@math.montana.edu. Running Title: Senescence Can Explain Microbial Persistence Contents Category: Theoretical Microbiology 1 been observed (Balaban et al., 2004; Bigger, 1944; Gilbert et al., 1990; Green- wood & O'Grady, 1970

Klapper, Isaac

85

Supplementary Materials: A Partition Function Algorithm for Interacting Nucleic Acid Strands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sets used for verification of our algorithm. 1 Preliminaries Throughout this paper, we denote the twoSupplementary Materials: A Partition Function Algorithm for Interacting Nucleic Acid Strands-Ludwigs-Universit¨at, Freiburg, Germany In this supplementary material, we describe in full the algorithm for computing

Will, Sebastian

86

Synthesis of Subgenomic RNAs by Positive-Strand RNA Viruses W. Allen Miller1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MINIREVIEW Synthesis of Subgenomic RNAs by Positive-Strand RNA Viruses W. Allen Miller1 is required for sgRNA synthesis, the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) is always translated first, directly, Tymovirus, Potexvirus, Hordeivirus, Tobamovirus, Sobemovirus, and Furovirus genera. Subgenomic RNA synthesis

Miller, W. Allen

87

Multi-strand coronal loop model and filter-ratio analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We model a coronal loop as a bundle of seven separate strands or filaments. Each of the loop strands used in this model can independently be heated (near their left footpoints) by Alfv\\'en/ion-cyclotron waves via wave-particle interactions. The Alfv\\'en waves are assumed to penetrate the strands from their footpoints, at which we consider different wave energy inputs. As a result, the loop strands can have different heating profiles, and the differential heating can lead to a varying cross-field temperature in the total coronal loop. The simulation of TRACE observations by means of this loop model implies two uniform temperatures along the loop length, one inferred from the 171:195 filter ratio and the other from the 171:284 ratio. The reproduced flat temperature profiles are consistent with those inferred from the observed EUV coronal loops. According to our model, the flat temperature profile is a consequence of the coronal loop consisting of filaments, which have different temperatures but almost similar e...

Bourouaine, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

DNA barcoding of stranded marine mammals 5 The use of DNA barcoding to monitor the marine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

barcoding to monitor the marine mammal biodiversity along the French Atlantic coast. In: Nagy ZT, Backeljau of the monitoring of marine mammal biodiversity. Keywords DNA barcoding, COI, control region, marine mammalsDNA barcoding of stranded marine mammals 5 The use of DNA barcoding to monitor the marine mammal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

89

Stranded dolphin stomach contents represent the free-ranging population's diet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Submitted posthumously. Diet is a fundamental aspect of animal ecology...foundation of consumer ecology and fundamental to empirical investigations...cause of death or stranding does not appear to significantly...ecology and conservation: a handbook of techniques (eds IL Boyd...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Supplementary Information for: Integrating DNA Strand Displacement Circuitry with DNA Tile Self-assembly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supplementary Information for: Integrating DNA Strand Displacement Circuitry with DNA Tile Self-assembly of Contents: · Supplementary Figures 1. Native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of DNA tile self-assembly 2. UV absorbance annealing and melting curves of DNA tile self-assembly 3. Characterization

Zhang, David Yu

91

Stranded Vehicles: How Gasoline Taxes Change the Value of Households' Vehicle Assets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stranded Vehicles: How Gasoline Taxes Change the Value of Households' Vehicle Assets Meghan Busse pollution caused by the burning of fossil fuels. Argu- ments against energy taxes, and gasoline taxes more incidence of the tax. We study the effect of a gasoline tax using changes in vehicle values. We construct

Rothman, Daniel

92

Las Canteras Strand in Las Palmas Auslandssemester in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria: Welcome to Erasmus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Las Canteras Strand in Las Palmas Auslandssemester in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria: Welcome to Erasmus Spanien, Winter- und Sommersemester 2010/11 Gran Canaria hat die eindrucksvolle Eigenschaft nicht Gran Canaria (ULPGC). Für maximalen Genuss des Studienaufenthaltes gilt es einige Hinweise zu befolgen

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

93

Genetics of x-ray induced double strand break repair in saccharomyces cerevisiae  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The possible fates of x-ray-induced double-strand breaks in Saccharomyces cerevisiae were examined. One possible pathway which breaks can follow, the repair pathway, was studied by assaying strains with mutations in the RAD51, RAD54, and RAD57 loci for double-strand break repair. In order of increasing radiation sensitivity one finds: rad57-1(23/sup 0/)> rad51-1(30/sup 0/)> rad54-3(36/sup 0/). At 36/sup 0/, rad54-3 cells cannot repair double-strand breaks, while 23/sup 0/, they can. Strains with the rad57-1 mutation can rejoin broken chromosomes at both temperatures. However, the low survival at 36/sup 0/ shows that the assay is not distinguishing large DNA fragments which allow cell survival from those which cause cell death. A rad51-1 strain could also rejoin broken chromosomes, and was thus capable of incomplete repair. The data can be explained with the hypothesis that rad54-3 cells are blocked in an early step of repair, while rad51-1 and rad57-1 strains are blocked in a later step of repair. The fate of double-strand breaks when they are left unrepaired was investigated with the rad54-3 mutation. If breaks are prevented from entering the RAD54 repair pathway they become uncommitted lesions. These lesions are repaired slower than the original breaks. One possible fate for an uncommitted lesion is conversion into a fixed lesion, which is likely to be an unrepairable or misrepaired double-strand break. The presence of protein synthesis after irradiation increases the probability that a break will enter the repair pathway. Evidence shows that increased probability of repair results from enhanced synthesis of repair proteins shortly after radiation. (ERB)

Budd, M.E.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Periodic variability in cetacean strandings: links to large-scale climate events  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and meridional (southerly) winds, reflecting general long-term...persistent zonal and meridional winds result in colder and presumably...School of Zoology, Antarctic Wildlife Research Unit, University of...Periodicity Tasmania Victoria Wind

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Graphene: Amazing Material Found Thanks to Scotch Tape and Persistent  

Office of Science (SC) Website

1 » Graphene: 1 » Graphene: Amazing Material Found Thanks to Scotch Tape and Persistent Science News Featured Articles 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Science Headlines Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 03.25.11 Graphene: Amazing Material Found Thanks to Scotch Tape and Persistent Science What do you get when you combine pencil lead, scotch tape, and persistent science? A Nobel Prize . . . and a new world of potential applications. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page That's the developing story of graphene, an amazing material that can be found in pencil lead. Pencil "lead" is actually a mixture of clay and the

96

Persistent Uniform Resource Locators (PURLs) | Scientific and Technical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Persistent Uniform Resource Locators (PURLs) Persistent Uniform Resource Locators (PURLs) Print page Print page Email page Email page PURLs (Persistent Uniform Resource Locators) are Web addresses that act as permanent identifiers in the face of a dynamic and changing Web infrastructure. Instead of resolving directly to Web resources, PURLs describe an intermediate location that allows the underlying Web addresses of resources to change over time without negatively affecting systems that depend on them. This capability provides continuity of references to network resources that may migrate from machine to machine for various reasons. Operation PURLs look just like URLs because they are valid URLs. A PURL has three parts: the protocol used to access the PURL resolver, the resolver IP address or domain, and a user-assigned name.

97

Velocity alignment leads to high persistence in confined cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many cell types display random motility on two-dimensional substrates, but crawl persistently in a single direction when confined in a microchannel or on an adhesive micropattern. Does this imply that the motility mechanism of confined cells is fundamentally different from that of unconfined cells? We argue that both free- and confined- cell migration may be described by a generic model of cells as "velocity aligning" active Brownian particles previously proposed to solve a completely separate problem in collective cell migration. Our model can be mapped to a diffusive escape over a barrier and analytically solved to determine the cell's orientation distribution and repolarization rate. In quasi-one-dimensional confinement, velocity-aligning cells maintain their direction for times that can be exponentially larger than their persistence time in the absence of confinement. Our results suggest an important new connection between single- and collective- cell migration: high persistence in confined cells correspo...

Camley, Brian A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Links between persistent DNA damage, genome instability, and aging  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Links between persistent DNA damage, genome instability, and aging Links between persistent DNA damage, genome instability, and aging William Dynan Medical College of Georgia Abstract There is considerable overlap between cellular and molecular changes that occur in response to low doses of ionizing radiation and those that occur during aging. Both processes are characterized by accumulation of persistent DNA damage ("wear and tear" on the genome), accumulation of protein and lipid oxidation products, loss of regenerative capacity at the cellular and tissue level, and increased incidence of cancer. These observations support a hypothesis that exposure to low-dose ionizing radiation accelerates normal, aging-related tissue changes. We have investigated this hypothesis using a genetically tractable model organism, the Japanese medaka fish. The medaka is a whole-animal vertebrate

99

Persistent energy flow for a stochastic wave equation model in nonequilibrium statistical mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a one-dimensional partial differential equation system modeling heat flow around a ring. The system includes a Klein-Gordon wave equation for a field satisfying spatial periodic boundary conditions, as well as Ornstein-Uhlenbeck stochastic differential equations with finite rank dissipation and stochastic driving terms modeling heat baths. There is an energy flow around the ring. In the case of a linear field with different (fixed) bath temperatures, the energy flow can persist even when the interaction with the baths is turned off. A simple example is given.

Lawrence E. Thomas

2012-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

100

A Key Step in Repairing DNA Double-Strand Breaks | Advanced Photon Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-ray Rainbow X-ray Rainbow An Insulating Breakthrough Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed A Key Step in Repairing DNA Double-Strand Breaks JANUARY 10, 2007 Bookmark and Share The atomic structure of the protein 53BP1 identified by Mayo researchers. (Courtesy: Mayo Clinic) A team of Mayo Clinic researchers has uncovered a key step in the molecular pathway of repairing DNA double-strand breaks. The studies were carried out using the 19-ID beamline (SBC-CAT) at the Advanced Photon Source (APS, Argonne) and the X12-C beamline at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS, Brookhaven National Laboratory). Both the APS and the NSLS are funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Basic Energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Spin transport and spin polarization properties in double-stranded DNA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the spin-dependent electron transport through a double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) using the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations and non-equilibrium Green's function method. We calculate the spin-dependent electron conductance and spin-polarization for different lengths, helix angles, twist angles of dsDNA, the environment-induced dephasing factors, and hopping integral. It is shown that the conductance decreases by increasing the length and dephasing factor. Also, we show that the spin-polarization depends on the helical symmetry and the length of DNA. It is shown that the double-stranded DNA can act as a perfect spin filter. Finally, we show that the sign of spin polarization can be inverted from +1 (?1) to ?1 (+1) for some values of hopping integral.

Simchi, Hamidreza, E-mail: simchi@iust.ac.ir [Department of Physics, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narrmak, Tehran 16844 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Semiconductor Technology Center, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Esmaeilzadeh, Mahdi, E-mail: mahdi@iust.ac.ir; Mazidabadi, Hossein [Department of Physics, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narrmak, Tehran 16844 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

102

Addressing in a Persistent Environment University of Waterloo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the internal analogue of a qualified name in a programming language (e.g. x.y.z) where each component new memories easily. 1. INTRODUCTION A persistent environment is a programming system in which users can create data items of any type that outlast the execution of the program that created them

Buhr, Peter Allan

103

Multi-generational persistence of traditions in neighbouring meerkat groups  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Acknowledgements We thank the Kotze family and Northern Cape Conservation...miniature brains to consensus building. Curr. Biol. 17, R703-R713...of a novel foraging patch in families of free-living Florida scrub-jays...Supplement Data Supplement Multi-generational persistence...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Nonlinear Controls on the Persistence of La Niña  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A large fraction (35%–50%) of observed La Niña events last two years or longer, in contrast to the great majority of El Niño events, which last one year. Here, the authors explore the nonlinear processes responsible for the multiyear persistence ...

Pedro N. DiNezio; Clara Deser

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

RESEARCH ARTICLE Seed bank persistence of genetically modified canola  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH ARTICLE Seed bank persistence of genetically modified canola in California Douglas J-Verlag 2012 Abstract Introduction Canola, which is genetically modified (GM) for tolerance to glyphosate, has of glyphosate. Methods Volunteer from dormant canola seeds produced thousands of plants per hectare

California at Davis, University of

106

Supporting Information Reversible and Persistent Electrical Bistability in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S1 Supporting Information Reversible and Persistent Electrical Bistability in Single-Crystals of a Self-Assembled -Conjugated Tetraaryl System: A Sub-Micron Scale Electrical Characterization Shay Tal1 N(Bu)4 + PF6 - ; scan rate=0.125 - 3Vs-1 ; reference electrode=Ag/AgNO3; working and counter

Gunawardena, Jeremy

107

The Transport and Deposition of Persistent Toxic Substances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/Elimination of Persistent Toxic Substances, held May 21-22, in Romulus Michigan. The material presented here was collected . . . . . . . u Bruce Kirschner . . . . . b Serge L'Italien . . . . . . c Paul Lioy . . . . . . . . . . a Maris Ratza . . . . . . . . l Orlando Cabrera Rivera k Bruce Rodger . . . . . . . k Joyce Rosenthal . . . . q

108

Asymmetric bubble disconnection: persistent vibration evolves into smooth contact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asymmetric bubble disconnection: persistent vibration evolves into smooth contact Konstantin S bubble provides a simple example of this process. An initial asymmetry in the shape of the bubble neck that subsequently break-up into many pieces [1]. Bubble disconnection is a simpler ver- sion of the same collapse

Zhang, Wendy

109

PERSISTENT SURVEILLANCE FOR PIPELINE PROTECTION AND THREAT INTERDICTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-rated and IFE target supply processes and target related systems Electrically steer targets Making foam or fastPERSISTENT SURVEILLANCE FOR PIPELINE PROTECTION AND THREAT INTERDICTION Overview of the Fusion) for the Pedestal Developed and Tested · Formation of an edge barrier or "pedestal" allows high performance

110

Sound strand design : designing mechanical joints to facilitate user interaction within a physical representation of digital music  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This project involved the mechanical design of a modular musical instrument, named the "Sound Strand." Intended to be attached end-to-end one onto another in order to produce a string of music, each module was constructed ...

Shen, Yan, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Mechanisms of liquid sheet breakup and the resulting drop size distributions; Part 2: strand breakup and experimental observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that both a wave mechanism and a perforation mechanism have been proposed as the first step in the breakup of fluid sheets. For black liquor sprays, the dominant mechanism is the formation and growth of perforations according to either mechanism, cylindrical strands develop and subsequently break up to form drops. By combining the results of analyzing the breakup of both the sheet and strands, only a discrete number of drop sizes can be predicted from the wave mechanism.

Spielbauer, T.M.; Aidum, C.K. (Institute of Paper Science and Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States))

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Mutations Abrogating VP35 Interaction with Double-Stranded RNA Render Ebola Virus Avirulent in Guinea Pigs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ebola virus (EBOV) protein VP35 is a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) binding inhibitor of host interferon (IFN)-{alpha}/{beta} responses that also functions as a viral polymerase cofactor. Recent structural studies identified key features, including a central basic patch, required for VP35 dsRNA binding activity. To address the functional significance of these VP35 structural features for EBOV replication and pathogenesis, two point mutations, K319A/R322A, that abrogate VP35 dsRNA binding activity and severely impair its suppression of IFN-{alpha}/{beta} production were identified. Solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography reveal minimal structural perturbations in the K319A/R322A VP35 double mutant and suggest that loss of basic charge leads to altered function. Recombinant EBOVs encoding the mutant VP35 exhibit, relative to wild-type VP35 viruses, minimal growth attenuation in IFN-defective Vero cells but severe impairment in IFN-competent cells. In guinea pigs, the VP35 mutant virus revealed a complete loss of virulence. Strikingly, the VP35 mutant virus effectively immunized animals against subsequent wild-type EBOV challenge. These in vivo studies, using recombinant EBOV viruses, combined with the accompanying biochemical and structural analyses directly correlate VP35 dsRNA binding and IFN inhibition functions with viral pathogenesis. Moreover, these studies provide a framework for the development of antivirals targeting this critical EBOV virulence factor.

Prins, Kathleen C.; Delpeut, Sebastien; Leung, Daisy W.; Reynard, Olivier; Volchkova, Valentina A.; Reid, St. Patrick; Ramanan, Parameshwaran; Cárdenas, Washington B.; Amarasinghe, Gaya K.; Volchkov, Viktor E.; Basler, Christopher F. (CNRS-INSERM); (Mount Sinai Hospital); (LB-Ecuador); (Iowa State)

2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

113

Spin waves in a persistent spin-current Fermi liquid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report two theoretical results for transverse spin waves, which arise in a system with a persistent spin current. Using Fermi liquid theory, we introduce a spin current in the ground state of a polarized or unpolarized Fermi liquid, and we derive the resultant spin waves using the Landau kinetic equation. The resulting spin waves have a q1 and q1/2 dispersion to leading order for the polarized and unpolarized systems, respectively.

J. D. Feldmann and K. S. Bedell

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

114

Evaluation of Persistence of Savings from SMUD Retrocommissioning Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Commercial building retrocommissioning activity has increased in recent years. Retrocommissioning is a process of identifying and implementing system improvements in existing buildings, with an emphasis on using low cost operation & maintenance tuneups and diagnostic testing instead of capital intensive retrofits. This report discusses a recent study of retrocommissioning persistence, conducted by LBNL for the Sacramento Municipal utility District (SMUD). The objective of this study was to examine a selection of the 17 buildings (prior to 2003) that participated in SMUD's program and estimate the persistence of energy savings and measure implementation. The SMUD retrocommissioning program's two primary goals are to reduce overall building energy consumption and guide the customer toward more far reaching improvements and energy efficiency awareness. The complete report contains the following documents: Executive Summary & Final Report; Appendix A: Data Analysis Methodology Details; Appendix B: Site-by-Site Energy Analysis Results; Appendix C: Interview Notes--Raw Data; and Appendix D: Data Analysis Spreadsheet. The Report is organized in five sections. The Introduction describes retrocommissioning background, persistence of savings issues and previous related work. The Methodology section provides an overview of the data analysis procedures. The Results and Discussion sections highlight and interpret key findings. The Summary section provides conclusions and recommendations.

Bourassa, Norman J.; Piette, Mary A.; Motegi, Naoya

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Strategic electricity sector assessment methodology under sustainability conditions: a Swiss case study on CO2 emissions, competition and stranded costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Designing and implementing a sustainable energy sector will be a key element of defining and creating a sustainable society. In the electricity industry, the question of strategic planning for sustainability seems to conflict with the shorter time horizons associated with market forces as deregulation replaces vertical integration. In order to address such questions, a project called SESAMS (Strategic Electricity Sector Assessment Methodology under Sustainability) has been established to develop electricity sector planning methods related to sustainability. This effort is part of the Alliance for Global Sustainability (AGS) formed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology (ETHZ and EPFL), and the University of Tokyo (UT). The initial phase of SESAMS in 1997 created a methodology integrating multi-scenario simulation, life-cycle analysis and multi-criteria decision analysis. This 1998 case study has expanded the methodology to study the transitional effects of deregulation associated with the issues of stranded cost. This analysis has studied the inclusion of different classes of stranded assets, different recovery periods, and recovery of costs on a fixed vs. variable (per kWh) basis. On a societal basis, stranded costs are a zero-sum transfer payment, but the ownership patterns of stranded assets mean that compensation for stranded assets will produce relative winners and losers. These winners and losers shift according to the stranded cost and other options present in different scenarios. The results of the stranded cost analysis are integrated with updated multi-criteria trade-off analysis and life-cycle analysis results, based on expanded system boundaries.

W. Schenler; Adrian V. Gheorghe; Warren Stephen Connors; Stefan Hirschberg; Pierre-Andre Haldi

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Droughts and Persistent Wet Spells over the United States and Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Droughts and persistent wet spells over the United States and northwest Mexico have preferred regions of occurrence and persistence. Wet or dry conditions that persist more than 1 yr tend to occur over the interior United States west of 90°–95°W ...

Kingtse C. Mo; Jae E. Schemm

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Net Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Net Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline) Period 2000 2001 (2) 2002 2003 2004 "gross" to "net" , was deemed impractical. (5) This report replaces the Gross Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline) report which will not be produced after December 2002. (6) The November 2007

118

Induction and Rejoining of DNA Double Strand Breaks Assessed by H2AX Phosphorylation in Melanoma Cells Irradiated with Proton and Lithium Beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the induction and rejoining of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) in melanoma cells exposed to low and high linear energy transfer (LET) radiation. Methods and Materials: DSBs and survival were determined as a function of dose in melanoma cells (B16-F0) irradiated with monoenergetic proton and lithium beams and with a gamma source. Survival curves were obtained by clonogenic assay and fitted to the linear-quadratic model. DSBs were evaluated by the detection of phosphorylated histone H2AX ({gamma}H2AX) foci at 30 min and 6 h post-irradiation. Results: Survival curves showed the increasing effectiveness of radiation as a function of LET. {gamma}H2AX labeling showed an increase in the number of foci vs. dose for all the radiations evaluated. A decrease in the number of foci was found at 6 h post-irradiation for low LET radiation, revealing the repair capacity of DSBs. An increase in the size of {gamma}H2AX foci in cells irradiated with lithium beams was found, as compared with gamma and proton irradiations, which could be attributed to the clusters of DSBs induced by high LET radiation. Foci size increased at 6 h post-irradiation for lithium and proton irradiations in relation with persistent DSBs, showing a correlation with surviving fraction. Conclusions: Our results showed the response of B16-F0 cells to charged particle beams evaluated by the detection of {gamma}H2AX foci. We conclude that {gamma}H2AX foci size is an accurate parameter to correlate the rejoining of DSBs induced by different LET radiations and radiosensitivity.

Ibanez, Irene L. [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, San Martin (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Bracalente, Candelaria [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, San Martin (Argentina); Molinari, Beatriz L. [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, San Martin (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Palmieri, Monica A. [Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires (Argentina); Policastro, Lucia [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, San Martin (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Kreiner, Andres J. [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, San Martin (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Escuela de Ciencia y Tecnologia, Universidad Nacional de San Martin (Argentina); Burlon, Alejandro A. [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, San Martin (Argentina); Escuela de Ciencia y Tecnologia, Universidad Nacional de San Martin (Argentina); Valda, Alejandro [Escuela de Ciencia y Tecnologia, Universidad Nacional de San Martin (Argentina); Navalesi, Daniela [Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires (Argentina); Davidson, Jorge; Davidson, Miguel [Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Vazquez, Monica; Ozafran, Mabel [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, San Martin (Argentina); Duran, Hebe [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, San Martin (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Escuela de Ciencia y Tecnologia, Universidad Nacional de San Martin (Argentina)], E-mail: hduran@cnea.gov.ar

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

119

Gas storage materials, including hydrogen storage materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A material for the storage and release of gases comprises a plurality of hollow elements, each hollow element comprising a porous wall enclosing an interior cavity, the interior cavity including structures of a solid-state storage material. In particular examples, the storage material is a hydrogen storage material, such as a solid state hydride. An improved method for forming such materials includes the solution diffusion of a storage material solution through a porous wall of a hollow element into an interior cavity.

Mohtadi, Rana F; Wicks, George G; Heung, Leung K; Nakamura, Kenji

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

120

Working Healthy Enrollees Report New and Persisting Challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy Brief Making health care work H E A L T H YW O R K I N G UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS MEDICAID INFRASTRUCTURE CHANGE EVALUATION PROJECT Working Healthy Enrollees Report New and Persisting Challenges Number 13 • September 2010 By Shawna Chapman, MA... Noelle K. Kurth, M.S., Project Coordinator Shawna Chapman & Emily Fall, Graduate Research Assistants Emily Tonsfeldt, Student Assistant Kansas Health Policy Authority Mary Ellen O’Brien Wright, Senior Manager Nancy Scott, Program Manager H E A L T H YW O...

Chapman, Shawna Lee Carroll; Fall, Emily C.; Hall, Jean P.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers April 24, 2013 - 4:37pm Addthis Joining Director Dot Harris (second from left) were Marlene Kaplan, the Deputy Director of Education and director of EPP, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Claudia Rankins, a Program Officer with the National Science Foundation and Jim Stith, the past Vice-President of the American Institute of Physics Resources. Joining Director Dot Harris (second from left) were Marlene Kaplan, the Deputy Director of Education and director of EPP, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Claudia Rankins, a Program Officer with the National Science Foundation and Jim Stith, the past Vice-President of the

122

Scramjet including integrated inlet and combustor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a scramjet engine. It comprises: a first surface including an aft facing step; a cowl including: a leading edge and a trailing edge; an upper surface and a lower surface extending between the leading edge and the trailing edge; the cowl upper surface being spaced from and generally parallel to the first surface to define an integrated inlet-combustor therebetween having an inlet for receiving and channeling into the inlet-combustor supersonic inlet airflow; means for injecting fuel into the inlet-combustor at the step for mixing with the supersonic inlet airflow for generating supersonic combustion gases; and further including a spaced pari of sidewalls extending between the first surface to the cowl upper surface and wherein the integrated inlet-combustor is generally rectangular and defined by the sidewall pair, the first surface and the cowl upper surface.

Kutschenreuter, P.H. Jr.; Blanton, J.C.

1992-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

123

Transmission line including support means with barriers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas insulated transmission line includes an elongated outer sheath, a plurality of inner conductors disposed within and extending along the outer sheath, and an insulating gas which electrically insulates the inner conductors from the outer sheath. A support insulator insulatably supports the inner conductors within the outer sheath, with the support insulator comprising a main body portion including a plurality of legs extending to the outer sheath, and barrier portions which extend between the legs. The barrier portions have openings therein adjacent the main body portion through which the inner conductors extend.

Cookson, Alan H. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

An Energy-Aware Airborne Dynamic Data-Driven Application System for Persistent Sampling and Surveillance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper describes an energy-aware, airborne, dynamic data-driven application systems for persistent sensing in complex atmospheric conditions. The work combines i.) new onboard and remote real-time, wind sensing capabilities; ii.) online models for planning based on Gaussian processes for onboard data and dynamic atmospheric models that assimilate Doppler radar data; and iii.) a hierarchical guidance and control framework with algorithms that can adapt to environmental, sensing, and computational resources. The novel aspects of this work include real-time synthesis of multiple Doppler radar data into wind field measurements; creation of atmospheric models for online planning that can be run inside guidance loops; guidance algorithms based on stochastic dynamic programming and ordered upwind methods that can adapt planning horizons, cost function approximations, and mesh representations of the environment; and throttling algorithms that manage the adaptation of the models and guidance algorithms in response to computational resources.

Eric W. Frew; Brian Argrow; Adam Houston; Chris Weiss; Jack Elston

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Preschool speech articulation and nonword repetition abilities may help predict eventual recovery or persistence of stuttering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractPurpose In preschool children, we investigated whether expressive and receptive language, phonological, articulatory, and/or verbal working memory proficiencies aid in predicting eventual recovery or persistence of stuttering. Methods Participants included 65 children, including 25 children who do not stutter (CWNS) and 40 who stutter (CWS) recruited at age 3;9–5;8. At initial testing, participants were administered the Test of Auditory Comprehension of Language, 3rd edition (TACL-3), Structured Photographic Expressive Language Test, 3rd edition (SPELT-3), Bankson–Bernthal Test of Phonology-Consonant Inventory subtest (BBTOP-CI), Nonword Repetition Test (NRT; Dollaghan & Campbell, 1998), and Test of Auditory Perceptual Skills-Revised (TAPS-R) auditory number memory and auditory word memory subtests. Stuttering behaviors of CWS were assessed in subsequent years, forming groups whose stuttering eventually persisted (CWS-Per; n = 19) or recovered (CWS-Rec; n = 21). Proficiency scores in morphosyntactic skills, consonant production, verbal working memory for known words, and phonological working memory and speech production for novel nonwords obtained at the initial testing were analyzed for each group. Results CWS-Per were less proficient than CWNS and CWS-Rec in measures of consonant production (BBTOP-CI) and repetition of novel phonological sequences (NRT). In contrast, receptive language, expressive language, and verbal working memory abilities did not distinguish CWS-Rec from CWS-Per. Binary logistic regression analysis indicated that preschool BBTOP-CI scores and overall NRT proficiency significantly predicted future recovery status. Conclusion Results suggest that phonological and speech articulation abilities in the preschool years should be considered with other predictive factors as part of a comprehensive risk assessment for the development of chronic stuttering. Educational objectives: At the end of this activity the reader will be able to: (1) describe the current status of nonlinguistic and linguistic predictors for recovery and persistence of stuttering; (2) summarize current evidence regarding the potential value of consonant cluster articulation and nonword repetition abilities in helping to predict stuttering outcome in preschool children; (3) discuss the current findings in relation to potential implications for theories of developmental stuttering; (4) discuss the current findings in relation to potential considerations for the evaluation and treatment of developmental stuttering.

Caroline Spencer; Christine Weber-Fox

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable Communication Devices Pavel Somavat1 consumption, questions are being asked about the energy contribution of computing equipment. Al- though studies have documented the share of energy consumption by this type of equipment over the years, research

Namboodiri, Vinod

127

EE Regional Technology Roadmap Includes comparison  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EE Regional Technology Roadmap Includes comparison against 6th Power Plan (Update cyclically Roadmap with a strong linkage to utility programs Scan for Technologies 1. How does it address the NW Data Clearinghouse BPA/RTF NEEA/Regional Programs Group Update Regional EE Technology Roadmap Lighting

128

Video Topics Include Freshman Inquiry Course  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Video Topics Include Freshman Inquiry Course Open Advisement/ Group Advisement Dinning Campus: End of Spring 2012, Commencement May 18: Grades available on MAX after 4:30pm AdvisementYouTubeVideoSeries I N S I D E T H I S I S S U E : YouTube Video Series 1 Mark Your Calendar 1 Exploring Major Tips 2

Hardy, Christopher R.

129

Including Ocean Model Uncertainties in Climate Predictions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Including Ocean Model Uncertainties in Climate Predictions Chris Brierley, Alan Thorpe, Mat Collins's to perform the integrations Currently uses a `slab' ocean #12;An Ocean Model Required to accurately model transient behaviour Will have its own uncertainties Requires even more computing power Create new models

Jones, Peter JS

130

Induction and Persistence of Large ?H2AX Foci by High Linear Energy Transfer Radiation in DNA-Dependent protein kinase–Deficient Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate the cell response to DNA double-strand breaks induced by low and high linear energy transfer (LET) radiations when the catalytic subunit of DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PKcs), an essential protein of the nonhomologous end-joining repair pathway, lacks kinase activity. Methods and Materials: CHO10B2, a Chinese hamster ovary cell line, and its derived radiosensitive mutant cell line, irs-20, lacking DNA-PKcs activity, were evaluated after 0 to 3 Gy of ?-rays, plateau and Bragg peak protons, and lithium beams by clonogenic assay, and as a measurement of double-strand breaks, phosphorylated H2AX (?H2AX) foci number and size were quantified by immunocytofluorescence. Results: Irs-20 exhibited greater radiosensitivity and a higher amount of ?H2AX foci than CHO10B2 at 6 hours after irradiation for all types of radiations. Remarkably, CHO10B2 and irs-20 maintained their difference in radiosensitivity after high-LET radiation. Six hours after low-LET radiations, irs-20 did not reach basal levels of ?H2AX at high doses, whereas CHO10B2 recovered basal levels for all doses. After high-LET radiation, only CHO10B2 exhibited a reduction in ?H2AX foci, but it never reached basal levels. Persistent foci in irs-20 confirmed a repair deficiency. Interestingly, after 30 minutes of high-LET radiation both cell lines exhibited large foci (size >0.9 ?m{sup 2}) related to the damage nature, whereas at 6 hours irs-20 showed a higher amount of large foci than CHO10B2, with a 7-fold increase at 3 Gy, that could also be associated to radiosensitivity. Conclusions: We demonstrated, for the first time, an association between deficient DNA-PKcs activity and not only high levels of H2AX phosphorylation but also persistence and size increase of ?H2AX foci after high-LET irradiation.

Bracalente, Candelaria; Ibañez, Irene L. [Departamento de Micro y Nanotecnología, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, San Martín, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Molinari, Beatriz [Departamento de Radiobiología, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, San Martín, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Palmieri, Mónica [Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Kreiner, Andrés [Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Gerencia de Investigación y Aplicaciones, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, San Martín, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Escuela de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad Nacional de San Martín, San Martín, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Valda, Alejandro [Escuela de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad Nacional de San Martín, San Martín, Buenos Aires (Argentina); and others

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

131

Jefferson Lab Science Series - DNA: The Strand That Connects Us All  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Mysterious Universe The Mysterious Universe Previous Video (The Mysterious Universe) Science Series Video Archive Next Video (The Science of Chocolate) The Science of Chocolate DNA: The Strand That Connects Us All Dr. Matt Kaplan - University of Arizona Genetics Core March 29, 2011 Learn how the methods and discoveries of human population genetics are applied for personal genealogical reconstruction and anthropological testing. We will start with a short general review of human genetics and the biology behind this form of DNA testing. We will look at how DNA testing is performed and how samples are processed in our laboratory. We will also examine examples of personal genealogical results from Family Tree DNA and personal anthropological results from the Genographic Project. Finally, I will describe the newest project in our laboratory, the DNA

132

Proximity-induced superconductivity effect in a double-stranded DNA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the proximity-induced superconductivity effect in a double-stranded DNA by solving the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations and taking into account the effect of thermal fluctuations of the twist angle between neighboring base pairs. We show that the electron conductance is spin-dependent and the conductance of spin up (down) increases (decreases) due to the spin-orbit coupling (SOC). It is found that, for T?

Simchi, Hamidreza, E-mail: simchi@iust.ac.ir [Department of Physics, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narrmak, Tehran 16844 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Semiconductor Technology Center, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Esmaeilzadeh, Mahdi, E-mail: mahdi@iust.ac.ir; Mazidabadi, Hossein [Department of Physics, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narrmak, Tehran 16844 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

133

Buildings Included on EMS Reports"  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Buildings Included on EMS Reports" "Site","Property Name","Property ID","GSF","Incl. in Water Baseline (CY2007)","Water Baseline (sq. ft.)","Water CY2008 (sq. ft.)","Water CY2009 (sq. ft.)","Water Notes","Incl. in Energy Baseline (CY2003)","Energy Baseline (sq. ft.)","CY2008 Energy (sq. ft.)","CY2009 Energy (sq. ft.)","Energy Notes","Included as Existing Building","CY2008 Existing Building (sq. ft.)","Reason for Building Exclusion" "Column Totals",,"Totals",115139,,10579,10579,22512,,,3183365,26374,115374,,,99476 "Durango, CO, Disposal/Processing Site","STORAGE SHED","DUD-BLDG-STORSHED",100,"no",,,,,"no",,,,"OSF","no",,"Less than 5,000 GSF"

134

Power generation method including membrane separation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for generating electric power, such as at, or close to, natural gas fields. The method includes conditioning natural gas containing C.sub.3+ hydrocarbons and/or acid gas by means of a membrane separation step. This step creates a leaner, sweeter, drier gas, which is then used as combustion fuel to run a turbine, which is in turn used for power generation.

Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Union City, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Completion strategy includes clay and precipitate control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes the conditions which are necessary for a successful oil well completion in the Mississippi and Cherokee zones of South Central Kansas. Topics considered include paraffin precipitation, clay swelling and migration, and iron precipitation. Clays in these zones are sensitive to water-base treating fluids and tend to swell and migrate to the well bore, thereby causing permeability damage. The presence of iron in the Mississippi and Cherokee formations has been indicated by cuttings, core samples, and connate water samples.

Sandy, T.; Gardner, G.R.

1985-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

136

Jet-calculus approach including coherence effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show how integrodifferential equations typical of jet calculus can be combined with an averaging procedure to obtain jet-calculus-based results including the Mueller interference graphs. Results in longitudinal-momentum fraction x for physical quantities are higher at intermediate x and lower at large x than with the conventional ‘‘incoherent’’ jet calculus. These results resemble those of Marchesini and Webber, who used a Monte Carlo approach based on the same dynamics.

L. M. Jones; R. Migneron; K. S. S. Narayanan

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Repair of Site-Specific DNA Double-Strand Breaks in Barley Occurs via Diverse Pathways Primarily Involving the Sister Chromatid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article RESEARCH ARTICLES Repair of Site-Specific DNA Double-Strand...various double-strand break repair pathways in the monocot plant...0.307_win32 with UPARSE pipeline (Edgar, 2013). The three...polymorphisms indicative of distinct repair mechanisms. SCE and Mitotic...

Giang T.H. Vu; Hieu X. Cao; Koichi Watanabe; Goetz Hensel; Frank R. Blattner; Jochen Kumlehn; Ingo Schubert

2014-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

138

A study of the role of the FOXP2 and CNTNAP2 genes in persistent developmental stuttering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A number of speech disorders including stuttering have been shown to have important genetic contributions, as indicated by high heritability estimates from twin and other studies. We studied the potential contribution to stuttering from variants in the FOXP2 gene, which have previously been associated with developmental verbal dyspraxia, and from variants in the CNTNAP2 gene, which have been associated with specific language impairment (SLI). DNA sequence analysis of these two genes in a group of 602 unrelated cases, all with familial persistent developmental stuttering, revealed no excess of potentially deleterious coding sequence variants in the cases compared to a matched group of 487 well characterized neurologically normal controls. This was compared to the distribution of variants in the GNPTAB, GNPTG, and NAGPA genes which have previously been associated with persistent stuttering. Using an expanded subject data set, we again found that NAGPA showed significantly different mutation frequencies in North Americans of European descent (p = 0.0091) and a significant difference existed in the mutation frequency of GNPTAB in Brazilians (p = 0.00050). No significant differences in mutation frequency in the FOXP2 and CNTNAP2 genes were observed between cases and controls. To examine the pattern of expression of these five genes in the human brain, real time quantitative reverse transcription PCR was performed on RNA purified from 27 different human brain regions. The expression patterns of FOXP2 and CNTNAP2 were generally different from those of GNPTAB, GNPTG and NAPGA in terms of relatively lower expression in the cerebellum. This study provides an improved estimate of the contribution of mutations in GNPTAB, GNPTG and NAGPA to persistent stuttering, and suggests that variants in FOXP2 and CNTNAP2 are not involved in the genesis of familial persistent stuttering. This, together with the different brain expression patterns of GNPTAB, GNPTG, and NAGPA compared to that of FOXP2 and CNTNAP2, suggests that the genetic neuropathological origins of stuttering differ from those of verbal dyspraxia and SLI.

Tae-Un Han; John Park; Carlos F. Domingues; Danilo Moretti-Ferreira; Emily Paris; Eduardo Sainz; Joanne Gutierrez; Dennis Drayna

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Artificial and Solar UV Radiation Induces Strand Breaks and Cyclobutane Pyrimidine Dimers in Bacillus subtilis Spore DNA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ECOLOGY Artificial and Solar UV Radiation Induces Strand Breaks and Cyclobutane...to solar UV-B and UV-A radiation (Y. Xue and W. L. Nicholson...monitoring studies at Tokyo, Japan. . N. Munakata Biologically...effective dose of solar ultraviolet radiation estimated by spore dosimetry...

Tony A. Slieman; Wayne L. Nicholson

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

1 Dda Helicase Tightly Couples Translocation on 2 Single-Stranded DNA to Unwinding of Duplex DNA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Slot 516, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA 9 2 Department of Chemistry, Harding University, 915 East Market Avenue, Searcy, AR 72143, USA 10 3 Laboratorie de Physique Statistique, Ecole Normale Superieure, UPMC 25 Helicases utilize the energy of ATP hydrolysis to unwind double- 26 stranded DNA while

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Self-assembly of hydrogen-bonded supramolecular strands from complementary melamine and barbiturate components with chiral  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-assembly of hydrogen-bonded supramolecular strands from complementary melamine and barbiturate barbiturate 7 result in molecular recognition directed self-assembly in solution and in the solid state containing a dierent triazine enantiomer. Self-assembly takes place in biological systems with a high level

Rusell, K.C.

142

Telomeres and DNA double-strand breaks: ever the twain shall S. M. Baileya,* and M. N. Cornforthb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between the naturally occurring DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) found at chromosome ends (i.e., telomeres Collins, CO 80523-1618 (USA), Fax: +19704917742, e-mail: sbailey@colostate.edu b Department of Radiation on their inability to rejoin with broken chromosome ends produced by radiation. Today, we recognize two essential

143

Human Polynucleotide Kinase Participates in Repair of DNA Double-Strand Breaks by Nonhomologous End Joining but not Homologous Recombination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for the repair of topoisomerase I-mediated DNA lesions. DNA Repair (Amst) 2003;2:1087-100. 42 El-Khamisy SF, Saifi GM, Weinfeld M, et al. Defective DNA single-strand break repair in spinocerebellar ataxia with axonal neuropathy-1...

Feridoun Karimi-Busheri; Aghdass Rasouli-Nia; Joan Allalunis-Turner; Michael Weinfeld

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

144

Spatial effects on species persistence and implications for biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Natural ecosystems are characterized by striking diversity of form and functions and yet exhibit deep symmetries emerging across scales of space, time and organizational complexity. Species-area relationships and species-abundance distributions are examples of emerging patterns irrespective of the details of the underlying ecosystem functions. Here we present empirical and theoretical evidence for a new macroecological pattern related to the distributions of local species persistence times, defined as the timespans between local colonizations and extinctions in a given geographic region. Empirical distributions pertaining to two different taxa, breeding birds and herbaceous plants, analyzed in a new framework that accounts for the finiteness of the observational period, exhibit power-law scaling limited by a cut-off determined by the rate of emergence of new species. In spite of the differences between taxa and spatial scales of analysis, the scaling exponents are statistically indistinguishable from each oth...

Bertuzzo, Enrico; Mari, Lorenzo; Maritan, Amos; Rodriguez-Iturbe, Ignacio; Rinaldo, Andrea; 10.1073/pnas.1017274108

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

LCG Persistency Framework (CORAL, COOL, POOL): Status and Outlook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Persistency Framework consists of three software packages (CORAL, COOL and POOL) addressing the data access requirements of the LHC experiments in different areas. It is the result of the collaboration between the CERN IT Department and the three experiments (ATLAS, CMS and LHCb) that use this software to access their data. POOL is a hybrid technology store for C++ objects, metadata catalogs and collections. CORAL is a relational database abstraction layer with an SQL-free API. COOL provides specific software tools and components for the handling of conditions data. This paper reports on the status and outlook of the project and reviews in detail the usage of each package in the three experiments.

Valassi, A.; /CERN; Clemencic, M.; /CERN; Dykstra, D.; /Fermilab; Frank, M.; /CERN; Front, D.; /Weizmann Inst.; Govi, G.; /Northeastern U.; Kalkhof, A.; /CERN; Loth, A.; /CERN; Nowak, M.; /Brookhaven; Pokorski, W.; /CERN; Salnikov, A.; /SLAC; Schmidt, S.A.; /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys.; Trentadue, R.; /CERN; Wache, M.; /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys.; Xie, Z.; /Princeton U.

2012-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

146

Spatial effects on species persistence and implications for biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Natural ecosystems are characterized by striking diversity of form and functions and yet exhibit deep symmetries emerging across scales of space, time and organizational complexity. Species-area relationships and species-abundance distributions are examples of emerging patterns irrespective of the details of the underlying ecosystem functions. Here we present empirical and theoretical evidence for a new macroecological pattern related to the distributions of local species persistence times, defined as the timespans between local colonizations and extinctions in a given geographic region. Empirical distributions pertaining to two different taxa, breeding birds and herbaceous plants, analyzed in a new framework that accounts for the finiteness of the observational period, exhibit power-law scaling limited by a cut-off determined by the rate of emergence of new species. In spite of the differences between taxa and spatial scales of analysis, the scaling exponents are statistically indistinguishable from each other and significantly different from those predicted by existing models. We theoretically investigate how the scaling features depend on the structure of the spatial interaction network and show that the empirical scaling exponents are reproduced once a two-dimensional isotropic texture is used, regardless of the details of the ecological interactions. The framework developed here also allows to link the cut-off timescale with the spatial scale of analysis, and the persistence-time distribution to the species-area relationship. We conclude that the inherent coherence obtained between spatial and temporal macroecological patterns points at a seemingly general feature of the dynamical evolution of ecosystems.

Enrico Bertuzzo; Samir Suweis; Lorenzo Mari; Amos Maritan; Ignacio Rodriguez-Iturbe; Andrea Rinaldo

2011-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

147

Persistence of Energy Efficiency Behaviors over Time: Evidence from a Community-Based Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Persistence of Energy Efficiency Behaviors over Time:programs into utility energy efficiency program portfolios.of a community-based energy efficiency program showing

Whitsett, Donna D PhD; Justus, Hannah C; Steiner, Ellen; Duffy, Kevin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

E-Print Network 3.0 - amnestically induced persistence Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

results for: amnestically induced persistence Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Behavioural Brain Research 213 (2010) 201207 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Summary: on the...

149

Overcoming Persistent Barriers to Energy Efficiency in Multifamily Housing through Partnerships  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program (TAP), provides information on Overcoming Persistent Barriers to Energy Efficiency in Multifamily Housing through Partnerships.

150

Mammite bovine à Escherichia coli : identification et caractérisation de la persistance.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Escherichia coli est un agent de mammites environnementales. Par contre, E. coli peut persister dans la glande mammaire. Les objectifs de cette étude étaient de… (more)

Fairbrother, Julie-Hélène

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Persistent Commissioning, Persistent Value  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, completed in late 2012, focused on the optimization of economizer lockout setpoints and air handler operating hours, and saved 680,000 kWh and 39,000 therms annually. At a high level, the programming changes were simple in concept, though the practical... Economizers 86,083 -2,360 $8,326 $0 0 3 - Economizer Lockout Setpoints 511,190 0 $76,614 $13,200 0.17 4 - Boiler Schedule 34,891 71,763 $54,305 $4,500 0.08 5 - Optimize Boiler Lockout Setpoints 2,521 1,121 $1,158 $0 0 6 ? Exhaust Fan VFD 45,589 0 $3...

Morgan, W. R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Optical panel system including stackable waveguides  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical panel system including stackable waveguides is provided. The optical panel system displays a projected light image and comprises a plurality of planar optical waveguides in a stacked state. The optical panel system further comprises a support system that aligns and supports the waveguides in the stacked state. In one embodiment, the support system comprises at least one rod, wherein each waveguide contains at least one hole, and wherein each rod is positioned through a corresponding hole in each waveguide. In another embodiment, the support system comprises at least two opposing edge structures having the waveguides positioned therebetween, wherein each opposing edge structure contains a mating surface, wherein opposite edges of each waveguide contain mating surfaces which are complementary to the mating surfaces of the opposing edge structures, and wherein each mating surface of the opposing edge structures engages a corresponding complementary mating surface of the opposite edges of each waveguide.

DeSanto, Leonard (Dunkirk, MD); Veligdan, James T. (Manorville, NY)

2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

153

Thermovoltaic semiconductor device including a plasma filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermovoltaic energy conversion device and related method for converting thermal energy into an electrical potential. An interference filter is provided on a semiconductor thermovoltaic cell to pre-filter black body radiation. The semiconductor thermovoltaic cell includes a P/N junction supported on a substrate which converts incident thermal energy below the semiconductor junction band gap into electrical potential. The semiconductor substrate is doped to provide a plasma filter which reflects back energy having a wavelength which is above the band gap and which is ineffectively filtered by the interference filter, through the P/N junction to the source of radiation thereby avoiding parasitic absorption of the unusable portion of the thermal radiation energy.

Baldasaro, Paul F. (Clifton Park, NY)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Critical point anomalies include expansion shock waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From first-principle fluid dynamics, complemented by a rigorous state equation accounting for critical anomalies, we discovered that expansion shock waves may occur in the vicinity of the liquid-vapor critical point in the two-phase region. Due to universality of near-critical thermodynamics, the result is valid for any common pure fluid in which molecular interactions are only short-range, namely, for so-called 3-dimensional Ising-like systems, and under the assumption of thermodynamic equilibrium. In addition to rarefaction shock waves, diverse non-classical effects are admissible, including composite compressive shock-fan-shock waves, due to the change of sign of the fundamental derivative of gasdynamics.

Nannan, N. R., E-mail: ryan.nannan@uvs.edu [Mechanical Engineering Discipline, Anton de Kom University of Suriname, Leysweg 86, PO Box 9212, Paramaribo, Suriname and Process and Energy Department, Delft University of Technology, Leeghwaterstraat 44, 2628 CA Delft (Netherlands); Guardone, A., E-mail: alberto.guardone@polimi.it [Department of Aerospace Science and Technology, Politecnico di Milano, Via La Masa 34, 20156 Milano (Italy); Colonna, P., E-mail: p.colonna@tudelft.nl [Propulsion and Power, Delft University of Technology, Kluyverweg 1, 2629 HS Delft (Netherlands)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Complex shell model representation including antibound states  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A generalization of the complex shell model formalism is presented that includes antibound states in the basis. These states, together with bound states, Gamow states, and the continuum background, represented by properly chosen scattering waves, form a representation in which all states are treated on the same footing. Two-particle states are evaluated within this formalism, and observable two-particle resonances are defined. The formalism is illustrated in the well-known case of Li11 in its bound ground state and in Ca70(g.s.), which is also bound. Both cases are found to have a halo structure. These halo structures are described within the generalized complex shell model. We investigated the formation of two-particle resonances in these nuclei, but no evidence of such resonances was found.

R. Id Betan; R. J. Liotta; N. Sandulescu; T. Vertse; R. Wyss

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

156

Classification of child stuttering: Part II. Persistent late onset male stuttering, and treatment issues for persistent stutterers-psychotherapy or speech therapy, or both?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is the second of a two-part study. Part I of this study presented child stuttering as a psychologically heterogeneous population so classified: transient developmental, neurogenic acquired; and persist...

Ralph J. Gemelli MD

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

SEEPAGE MODEL FOR PA INCLUDING DRIFT COLLAPSE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to document the predictions and analyses performed using the seepage model for performance assessment (SMPA) for both the Topopah Spring middle nonlithophysal (Tptpmn) and lower lithophysal (Tptpll) lithostratigraphic units at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Look-up tables of seepage flow rates into a drift (and their uncertainty) are generated by performing numerical simulations with the seepage model for many combinations of the three most important seepage-relevant parameters: the fracture permeability, the capillary-strength parameter 1/a, and the percolation flux. The percolation flux values chosen take into account flow focusing effects, which are evaluated based on a flow-focusing model. Moreover, multiple realizations of the underlying stochastic permeability field are conducted. Selected sensitivity studies are performed, including the effects of an alternative drift geometry representing a partially collapsed drift from an independent drift-degradation analysis (BSC 2004 [DIRS 166107]). The intended purpose of the seepage model is to provide results of drift-scale seepage rates under a series of parameters and scenarios in support of the Total System Performance Assessment for License Application (TSPA-LA). The SMPA is intended for the evaluation of drift-scale seepage rates under the full range of parameter values for three parameters found to be key (fracture permeability, the van Genuchten 1/a parameter, and percolation flux) and drift degradation shape scenarios in support of the TSPA-LA during the period of compliance for postclosure performance [Technical Work Plan for: Performance Assessment Unsaturated Zone (BSC 2002 [DIRS 160819], Section I-4-2-1)]. The flow-focusing model in the Topopah Spring welded (TSw) unit is intended to provide an estimate of flow focusing factors (FFFs) that (1) bridge the gap between the mountain-scale and drift-scale models, and (2) account for variability in local percolation flux due to stochastic hydrologic properties and flow processes.

C. Tsang

2004-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

158

Measurements of the persistent current decay and snapback effect in Nb3Sn Fermilab-built accelerator prototype magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent years, Fermilab has been performing an intensive R an D program on Nb{sub 3}Sn accelerator magnets. This program has included dipole and quadrupole magnets for different programs and projects, including LARP and VLHC. A systematic study of the persistent current decay and snapback effect in the fields of these magnets was executed at the Fermilab Magnet Test Facility. The decay and snapback were measured under a range of conditions including variations of the current ramp parameters and flattop and injection plateau durations. This study has mostly focused on the dynamic behavior of the normal sextupole and dodecapole components in dipole and quadrupole magnets respectively. The paper summarizes the recent measurements and presents a comparison with previously measured NbTi magnets.

Velev, G.V.; Chlachidze, G.; DiMarco, J.; Kashikhin, V.V.; /Fermilab

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

HIV-1 integrase strand-transfer inhibitors: Design, synthesis and molecular modeling investigation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study is focused on a new series of benzylindole derivatives with various substituents at the benzene-fused ring, suggested by our 3D pharmacophore model developed for HIV-1 integrase inhibitors (INIs). All synthesized compounds proved to be active in the nanomolar range (6–35 nM) on the strand-transfer step (ST). In particular, derivative 4-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5,7-dimethoxy-1H-indol-3-yl]-2-hydroxy-4-oxobut-2-enoic acid (8e), presenting the highest best-fit value on pharmacophore model, showed a potency comparable to that of clinical \\{INSTIs\\} GS 9137 (1) and MK-0518 (2). The binding mode of our molecules has been investigated using the recently published crystal structure of the complex of full-length integrase from the prototype foamy virus in complex with its cognate DNA (PFV-IN/DNA). The results highlighted the ability of derivative 8e to assume the same binding mode of MK-0518 and GS 9137.

Laura De Luca; Sara De Grazia; Stefania Ferro; Rosaria Gitto; Frauke Christ; Zeger Debyser; Alba Chimirri

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

4 Transformation of Yeast by the Lithium Acetate/Single-Stranded Carrier DNA/PEG Method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the transformation of yeast by the lithium acetate/single-stranded carrier DNA/PEG (LiAc/SSDNA/PEG) method. High efficiency transformation of yeast is used most frequently for applications such as the two-hybrid screen for protein-protein interactions, for one-hybrid screens that detect protein–DNA interactions, for inverted one-hybrid screens to identify DNA elements that bind a transcription factor, and for the screens that detect protein–protein interactions dependent on phosphorylation. The high efficiency LiAc/SSDNA/PEG transformation procedure used to induce the yeast, Sacchuromyces cerevisiae, to take up exogenous DNA has aided in the development and utilization of sophisticated technologies, such as the one, two, and inverted one-hybrid systems. Also, the procedure is important for the efficient construction of libraries of null mutants for the functional analysis of novel yeast genes. These and other molecular genetic techniques have increased the usefulness of this premier eukaryotic model organism so that it can now be considered as a laboratory work horse, which will find its way into many research programs.

R. Daniel Gietz; Robin A. Woods

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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161

An evaluation of savings and measure persistence fromretrocommissioning of large commercial buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Commercial building retrocommissioning activity has increased in recent years. LBNL recently conducted a study of 8 participants in Sacramento Municipal Utility District's (SMUD) retrocommissioning program. We evaluated the persistence of energy savings and measure implementation, in an effort to identify and understand factors that affect the longevity of retrocommissioning benefits. The LBNL analysis looked at whole-building energy and the retrocommissioning measure implementation status, incorporating elements from previous work by Texas A&M University and Portland Energy Conservation Inc. When possible, adjustments due to newly discovered major end uses, occupancy patterns and 2001 energy crisis responses were included in the whole-building energy analysis. The measure implementation analysis categorized each recommended measure and tracked the measures to their current operational status. Results showed a 59% implementation rate of recommended measures. The whole-building energy analysis showed an aggregate electricity savings of approximately 10.5% in the second post-retrocommissioning year, diminishing to approximately 8% in the fourth year. Results also showed the 2001 energy crisis played a significant role in the post-retrocommissioning energy use at the candidate sites. When natural gas consumption was included in the analysis, savings were reduced slightly, showing the importance in considering interactive effects between cooling and heating systems. The cost effectiveness of retrocommissioning was very attractive at the sites studied. However, funding for retrocommissioning activities is still very constrained.

Bourassa, Norman J.; Piette, Mary Ann; Motegi, Naoya

2004-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

162

Human macrophages support persistent transcription from unintegrated HIV-1 DNA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Retroviruses require integration of their RNA genomes for both stability and productive viral replication. In HIV infection of non-dividing, resting CD4 T cells, where integration is greatly impeded, the reverse transcribed HIV DNA has limited biological activity and a short half-life. In metabolically active and proliferating T cells, unintegrated DNA rapidly diminishes with cell division. HIV also infects the non-dividing but metabolically active macrophage population. In an in vitro examination of HIV infection of macrophages, we find that unintegrated viral DNA not only has an unusual stability, but also maintains biological activity. The unintegrated linear DNA, 1-LTR, and 2-LTR circles are stable for at least 30 days. Additionally, there is persistent viral gene transcription, which is selective and skewed towards viral early genes such as nef and tat with highly diminished rev and vif. One viral early gene product Nef was measurably synthesized. We also find that independent of integration, the HIV infection process in macrophages leads to generation of numerous chemokines.

Kelly, Jeremy [Department of Molecular and Microbiology, George Mason University, Manassas, Virginia 20110 (United States); Beddall, Margaret H. [Section on Molecular Virology, Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Regulation, NIMH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 (United States); Yu Dongyang; Iyer, Subashini R. [Department of Molecular and Microbiology, George Mason University, Manassas, Virginia 20110 (United States); Marsh, Jon W. [Section on Molecular Virology, Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Regulation, NIMH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 (United States); Wu Yuntao [Department of Molecular and Microbiology, George Mason University, Manassas, Virginia 20110 (United States); Section on Molecular Virology, Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Regulation, NIMH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 (United States)], E-mail: ywu8@gmu.edu

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

Persistent photoconductivity effects in printed n-channel organic transistors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Persistent photoconductivity of top-gate n-type organic transistors is investigated. The irradiation of green light leads to a negative shift in transistor threshold voltage and an increase in sub-threshold current. These light-induced effects are enhanced when the gate is negatively biased during the light irradiation and the recovery process is faster at 60?°C than at 25?°C. After storage in dark full recovery is obtained for a transistor printed with a neat semiconductor whereas for the device printed with a solution of the same semiconductor mixed with an insulator only partial recovery is observed after four days at room temperature. Other stress conditions (irradiation with a positive gate bias irradiation without bias and bias under dark) do not change the threshold voltage or the sub-threshold current significantly. We attribute this photo phenomenon to holes trapped and released at the dielectric/semiconductor interface and a smaller number of positive fixed charges generated in the bulk of the semiconductor layer.

Tse Nga Ng; Robert A. Street

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Characterization of Persistent Volatile Contaminant Sources in the Vadose Zone  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Remediation activities over time will alter the subsurface distribution of contaminants and likely create significant changes in the source-zone architecture. A field method was demonstrated for use of data collected from multiple individual soil vapor extraction (SVE) system well tests to locate and characterize the distribution of persistent VOC sources in the vadose zone. Operational data collected at the Department of Energy’s Hanford site were used to examine source zone alteration over time due to SVE operation and to illustrate the source-zone characterization approach. Individual well test results confirmed a heterogeneous distribution of permeability and contaminant mass discharge throughout the vadose zone. The trends in mass discharge and concentration were analyzed to determine the location and extent of the primary source zone within a lower-permeability unit at the site. This information is useful to evaluate the performance of SVE operations, and support decisions concerning system alteration or closure based on risk assessments of the impact of vadose-zone sources on groundwater contamination or vapor intrusion.

Carroll, Kenneth C.; Truex, Michael J.; Brusseau, Mark L.; Parker, Kyle R.; Mackley, Rob D.; Rohay, Virginia J.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

An analysis of tissues for total PCB and planar PCB concentrations in marine mammals stranded along the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTRODUCTION LITERATURE REVIEW Page v1 V111 1X Polychlorinated Biphenyls Transportation and Dispersal Planar PCB Congeners Bioaccumulation Marine Mammals as Bioindicators Recent Marine Mammal Mass Mortalities Considerations for Analyzing Stranded... comparison of the levels of PCBs containing 8, 9, and 10 chlorine atoms in the blubber of mature and immature female Tursiops truncatus 64 X LIST OF FIGURES (continued) Figure F age 14 A comparison of the levels of PCBs containing 4, 5, and 6 chlorine...

Davis, Joseph W.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

166

PM2 DNA, Forms I and I: a quantitative comparison of strand breakage induced by ionizing radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Advisory Committee: Dr R. D. Neff A quantitative comparison of strand breakage production rates, induced by 250 kvP X-rays, was examined for PM2 DNA, Form I and Form I . Assay of the irrad. iated DNA samples was 0 accomplished by tube gel... AND METHODS DNA Preparation Radiation Protocol Azarose 1 Buffer ~garose Gels Tube Gel Electrophoresis Spectrofluorometry with Electronic Quantif'ication RESULTS DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION REFERENCES APPENDIX 1 APPENDIX 2 VITA ~Pa e ~ 22 22 24...

Myers, Peter Hall

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Ensuring Productive Resolution by the Junction-Resolving Enzyme RuvC: Large Enhancement of the Second-Strand Cleavage Rate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Table 1:? Rates of Cleavage of Synthetic DNA Junctions by RuvCa ... Table 2:? Rates of Cleavage by RuvC of Synthetic DNA Junctions Containing Oligoadenine Bulges at the Point of Strand Exchangea ...

Jonathan M. Fogg; David M. J. Lilley

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

C4-Dicarboxylic acid metabolism in bundle-sheath chloroplasts, mitochondria and strands of Eriochloa borumensis Hack., a phosphoenolpyruvate-carboxykinase type C4 species  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

C4-acid metabolism by isolated bundlesheath chloroplasts, mitochondria and strands of Eriochloa borumensis Hack., a phosphoennolpyruvate-carboxykinase (PEP-CK)...4Cl. There was very little conversion of PEP to py...

C. K. M. Rathnam; G. E. Edwards

169

Effect of nanoclay on some applied properties of oriented strand board (OSB) made from underutilized low quality paulownia (Paulownia fortunei) wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, the effect of nanoclay on some applied properties of oriented strand ... of European Norm. With increasing 5 % nanoclay to UF resin, mechanical and physical properties ... electron microscope analy...

Ayoub Salari; Taghi Tabarsa; Abolghasem Khazaeian…

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Activation of double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase inhibits proliferation of pancreatic ?-cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: •PKR can be activated by glucolipitoxicity and pro-inflammatory cytokines in ?-cells. •Activated PKR inhibited ?-cell proliferation by arresting cell cycle at G1 phase. •Activated PKR fully abrogated the pro-proliferative effects of IGF-I on ?-cells. -- Abstract: Double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR) is revealed to participate in the development of insulin resistance in peripheral tissues in type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Meanwhile, PKR is also characterized as a critical regulator of cell proliferation. To date, no study has focused on the impact of PKR on the proliferation of pancreatic ?-cells. Here, we adopted insulinoma cell lines and mice islet ?-cells to investigate: (1) the effects of glucolipotoxicity and pro-inflammatory cytokines on PKR activation; (2) the effects of PKR on proliferation of pancreatic ?-cells and its underlying mechanisms; (3) the actions of PKR on pro-proliferative effects of IGF-I and its underlying pathway. Our results provided the first evidence that PKR can be activated by glucolipitoxicity and pro-inflammatory cytokines in pancreatic ?-cells, and activated PKR significantly inhibited cell proliferation by arresting cell cycle at G1 phase. Reductions in cyclin D1 and D2 as well as increases in p27 and p53 were associated with the anti-proliferative effects of PKR, and proteasome-dependent degradation took part in the reduction of cyclin D1 and D2. Besides, PKR activation abrogated the pro-proliferative effects of IGF-I by activating JNK and disrupting IRS1/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. These findings indicate that the anti-proliferative actions of PKR on pancreatic ?-cells may contribute to the pathogenesis of T2DM.

Chen, Shan-Shan [Key Laboratory of Human Functional Genomics of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing (China) [Key Laboratory of Human Functional Genomics of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing (China); Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing (China); Jiang, Teng [Department of Neurology, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing (China)] [Department of Neurology, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing (China); Wang, Yi; Gu, Li-Ze [Key Laboratory of Human Functional Genomics of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing (China) [Key Laboratory of Human Functional Genomics of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing (China); Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing (China); Wu, Hui-Wen [Laboratory Center for Basic Medical Sciences, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing (China)] [Laboratory Center for Basic Medical Sciences, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing (China); Tan, Lan [Department of Neurology, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing (China)] [Department of Neurology, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing (China); Guo, Jun, E-mail: Guoj@njmu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Human Functional Genomics of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing (China) [Key Laboratory of Human Functional Genomics of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing (China); Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing (China)

2014-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

171

Long-term persistence of pioneer species in tropical forest soil seed banks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In tropical forests, pioneer species regenerate from seeds dispersed directly into canopy gaps, and from seeds that persisted in soil seed banks before gap formation. However, life-history models suggest that selection for long-term persistence of seeds in soil should be weak, as persistence incurs a fitness cost resulting from prolonged generation time. We use a carbon dating technique to provide the first direct measurements of seed persistence in undisturbed tropical forest seed banks. We show that seeds germinate successfully from surface soil microsites up to 38 years after dispersal. Decades-long persistence may be common in pioneers with relatively large mass, and appears to be unrelated to specific regeneration requirements. In Croton billbergianus, a sub-canopy tree that recruits in abundant small gaps, long-term persistence is associated with short-distance ballistic seed dispersal. In Trema micrantha, a canopy tree with widespread dispersal, persistence is associated with a requirement for large gaps that form infrequently in old-growth forest.

Dalling, J W; Brown, T A

2008-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

172

Persistent spatial information in the fef during object-based short-term memory does not contribute to task performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We previously reported the existence of a persistent spatial signal in the FEF during object-based STM. This persistent activity reflected the location at which the sample appeared, irrespective of the location of upcoming targets. We hypothesized that ...

Kelsey L. Clark; Behrad Noudoost; Tirin Moore

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Air monitoring in the Arctic: Results for selected persistent organic pollutants for 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Arctic is generally considered to be a pristine environment and has few direct inputs of organochlorine compounds (OCs), including pesticides, herbicides, polychlorinated biphenyls, or polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In spite of this, airborne concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are comparable to those in more populated and industrialized regions of North America and Europe. Atmospheric transport and condensation of compounds at low temperature conditions are important factors contributing to the presence of contaminants in the Arctic. A long-term program has been established to measure the airborne concentrations of POPs in the Arctic. The first station at Alert was established in January 1992. The concentrations measured in the first year of monitoring for 18 compounds that are representative of different compound classes are presented. Seasonal variations for PAHs are similar to those for Arctic haze and peak during winter. For example, in the coldest period, october to April, benzo[a]pyrene concentrations were found to average 20 pg/m{sup 3}, whereas, in contrast, during the relatively warm May to September period, average levels were 1.0 pg/m{sup 3}. For OCs, the seasonal cycle was not as pronounced as that for PAH compounds. For example, {alpha}-hexachlorocyclohexane was found at Alert at average concentrations of 62 and 57 pg/m{sup 3}, respectively, during cold and warm periods. It is postulated that air concentrations are influenced by advection from distant source regions as well as exchange with local (Arctic Ocean) surfaces.

Fellin, P.; Dougherty, D. [BOVAR Environmental, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Barrie, L.A.; Toom, D. [Environment Canada, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Muir, D.; Grift, N.; Lockhart, L.; Billeck, B. [Freshwater Inst., Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Behavioral Change and Building Performance: Strategies for Significant, Persistent, and Measurable Institutional Change  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The people who use Federal buildings — Federal employees, operations and maintenance staff, and the general public — can significantly impact a building’s environmental performance and the consumption of energy, water, and materials. Many factors influence building occupants’ use of resources (use behaviors) including work process requirements, ability to fulfill agency missions, new and possibly unfamiliar high-efficiency/high-performance building technologies; a lack of understanding, education, and training; inaccessible information or ineffective feedback mechanisms; and cultural norms and institutional rules and requirements, among others. While many strategies have been used to introduce new occupant use behaviors that promote sustainability and reduced resource consumption, few have been verified in the scientific literature or have properly documented case study results. This paper documents validated strategies that have been shown to encourage new use behaviors that can result in significant, persistent, and measureable reductions in resource consumption. From the peer-reviewed literature, the paper identifies relevant strategies for Federal facilities and commercial buildings that focus on the individual, groups of individuals (e.g., work groups), and institutions — their policies, requirements, and culture. The paper documents methods with evidence of success in changing use behaviors and enabling occupants to effectively interact with new technologies/designs. It also provides a case study of the strategies used at a Federal facility — Fort Carson, Colorado. The paper documents gaps in the current literature and approaches, and provides topics for future research.

Wolfe, Amy K.; Malone, Elizabeth L.; Heerwagen, Judith H.; Dion, Jerome P.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Investigating the Modality and Redundancy Effects for Learners with Persistent Pain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two experiments were conducted to investigate how individuals with persistent pain would respond to instructional materials designed to promote the modality and redundancy effects. It was predicted that persis...

Alexander Smith; Paul Ayres

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Examining Associations between Emotional Facial Expressions, Relative Left Frontal Cortical Activity, and Task Persistence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in degrees of approach motivation would influence relative left frontal cortical activity measured with electroencephalography (EEG) alpha power and task persistence measured with time working on insolvable geometric puzzles. Furthermore, relative left...

Price, Thomas

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

177

Development of Personality in Early and Middle Adulthood: Set Like Plaster or Persistent Change?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development of Personality in Early and Middle Adulthood: Set Like Plaster or Persistent Change-factor theory proposes the plaster hypothesis: All personality traits stop changing by age 30. In contrast

Pillow, Jonathan

178

PROOF FOR AN ENDOGENOUS COMPONENT IN PERSISTENT SOLAR AND LUNAR RHYTHMICITY IN ORGANISMS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...COLLEGE, WOODS HOLE, MASSACHUSETTS MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY, WOODS HOLE, MASSACHUSETTS PROOF FOR AN ENDOGENOUS COMPONENT IN PERSISTENT SOLAR AND LUNAR RHYTHMICITY...UNIVERSITY, WOODS HOLE, MASSACHUSETTS. | Journal Article V...

Frank A. Brown; Jr.; H. Marguerite Webb; Miriam F. Bennett

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Sediment-Water Partition Coefficients of Hydrophobic Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sediment-Water Partition Coefficients of Hydrophobic Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) for Different Sediments with Passive Sampler Benoit Charrasse (benoit.charrasse@ineris.fr) and Pierre Hennebert aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were determined in sediments from five

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

180

Energey Savings and Persistence from an Energy Services Performance Contract at an Army Base  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper examined persistence of energy savings from the application of the Monitoring andVerification (M&V) for the Fort Hood EnergyServices Performance Contract (ESPC). The first and second ESPC Delivery Orders (DO) wereimplemented for 58...

Kim, H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A comparison of commissioning savings determination methodologies and the persistence of commissioning savings in three buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis compares the variability of commissioning savings and the persistence of savings from the Normalized Annual Consumption (NAC) and standard International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP) weather normalization...

Engan, Kenneth Paul

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

182

A distributed and hierarchical naming scheme for Java RMI with support for persistence and caching  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Java Development Kit (JDK) 1.2, RMI shows great promise for building large-scale distributed applications. This new API, supports persistent remote object references which were unsupported formerly. Naming is an important concept in computer systems...

Agni, Rohan Madhuker

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Health Aware Stochastic Planning For Persistent Package Delivery Missions Using Quadrotors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In persistent missions, taking system’s health and capability degradation into account is an essential factor to predict and avoid failures. The state space in health-aware planning problems is often a mixture of continuous ...

Agha-mohammadi, Ali-akbar

184

Persistence-Length Renormalization of Polymers in a Crowded Environment of Hard Disks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The most conspicuous property of a semiflexible polymer is its persistence length, defined as the decay length of tangent correlations along its contour. Using an efficient stochastic growth algorithm to sample polymers embedded in a quenched two-dimensional hard-disk fluid, we find apparent wormlike chain statistics with a renormalized persistence length. We identify a universal form of the disorder renormalization that suggests itself as a quantitative measure of molecular crowding.

Sebastian Schöbl; Sebastian Sturm; Wolfhard Janke; Klaus Kroy

2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

185

Persistent Homology of Collaboration Networks C. J. Carstens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the zeroth and first Betti numbers correspond to tangible features of the structure of these networks and abnormal brain net- works [3­5]. However, in this work only the zeroth Betti numbers were used. To be able filtration as Lee et al. but include the second and first Betti numbers as well as the zeroth Betti numbers

Pratt, Vaughan

186

Persistent Contrails and Contrail Cirrus. Part II: Full Lifetime Behavior  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

More than 200 large-eddy simulations of long-lived contrails from several-seconds age until their demise have been performed and their lifetime-integrated behavior has been analyzed. The simulations employ size-resolved microphysics and include ...

D. C. Lewellen

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Nuclear Arms Control R&D Consortium includes Los Alamos  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nuclear Arms Control R&D Consortium includes Los Alamos Nuclear Arms Control R&D Consortium includes Los Alamos A consortium led by the University of Michigan that includes LANL as...

188

Paul Bohn, Three Persistent Challenges | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Paul Bohn, Paul Bohn, Three Persistent Challenges Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, & Biosciences (CSGB) Division CSGB Home About Research Areas Scientific Highlights Reports & Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Third DOE BES Separations Research Workshop Paul Bohn, Three Persistent Challenges Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Third DOE/Basic Energy Sciences Separations Research Workshop Savannah DeSoto Hilton, Savannah, Georgia May 12-14, 1999 Three Persistent Challenges Paul Bohn University of Illinois Discussion The fundamental problem in separation sciences research in the current environment is money. All other problems for the researcher pale by comparison. In some cases we are working on problems where mankind is far out on the

189

Persistence of magnons in a site-diluted dimerized frustrated antiferromagnet  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Persistence of magnons in a site-diluted dimerized frustrated antiferromagnet Persistence of magnons in a site-diluted dimerized frustrated antiferromagnet This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article. 2011 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 23 416003 (http://iopscience.iop.org/0953-8984/23/41/416003) Download details: IP Address: 128.219.49.9 The article was downloaded on 17/10/2011 at 17:07 Please note that terms and conditions apply. View the table of contents for this issue, or go to the journal homepage for more Home Search Collections Journals About Contact us My IOPscience IOP PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF PHYSICS: CONDENSED MATTER J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 23 (2011) 416003 (9pp) doi:10.1088/0953-8984/23/41/416003 Persistence of magnons in a site-diluted dimerized frustrated antiferromagnet M B Stone 1 , A Podlesnyak 1 , G Ehlers

190

Can the vertical motions in the eyewall of tropical cyclones support persistent UAV flight?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Powered flights in the form of manned or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been flying into tropical cyclones to obtain vital atmospheric measurements with flight duration typically lasting between 12 and 36 hours. Convective vertical motion properties of tropical cyclones have previously been studied. This work investigates the possibility to achieve persistent flight by harnessing the generally pervasive updrafts in the eyewall of tropical cyclones. A sailplane UAV capable of vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) is proposed and its flight characteristics simulated. Results suggest that the concept of persistent flight within the eyewall is promising and may be extendable to the rainband regions.

Poh, Chung-Kiak

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Stand Persistence of `prestige' Buffalograss (Bouteloua Dactyloides) [Synonym Buchloe Dactyloides] Grown Under Simulated Green Roof Conditions During Summer in Oklahoma.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this research was to test the stand persistence of Prestige Buffalograss green roofs under simulated greenhouse conditions using average temperature conditions for… (more)

Beitz, Mary Kathryn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Modeling Exposure to Persistent Chemicals in Hazard and Risk Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fate and exposure modeling has not thus far been explicitly used in the risk profile documents prepared to evaluate significant adverse effect of candidate chemicals for either the Stockholm Convention or the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution. However, we believe models have considerable potential to improve the risk profiles. Fate and exposure models are already used routinely in other similar regulatory applications to inform decisions, and they have been instrumental in building our current understanding of the fate of POP and PBT chemicals in the environment. The goal of this paper is to motivate the use of fate and exposure models in preparing risk profiles in the POP assessment procedure by providing strategies for incorporating and using models. The ways that fate and exposure models can be used to improve and inform the development of risk profiles include: (1) Benchmarking the ratio of exposure and emissions of candidate chemicals to the same ratio for known POPs, thereby opening the possibility of combining this ratio with the relative emissions and relative toxicity to arrive at a measure of relative risk. (2) Directly estimating the exposure of the environment, biota and humans to provide information to complement measurements, or where measurements are not available or are limited. (3) To identify the key processes and chemical and/or environmental parameters that determine the exposure; thereby allowing the effective prioritization of research or measurements to improve the risk profile. (4) Predicting future time trends including how quickly exposure levels in remote areas would respond to reductions in emissions. Currently there is no standardized consensus model for use in the risk profile context. Therefore, to choose the appropriate model the risk profile developer must evaluate how appropriate an existing model is for a specific setting and whether the assumptions and input data are relevant in the context of the application. It is possible to have confidence in the predictions of many of the existing models because of their fundamental physical and chemical mechanistic underpinnings and the extensive work already done to compare model predictions and empirical observations. The working group recommends that modeling tools be applied for benchmarking PBT/POPs according to exposure-to-emissions relationships, and that modeling tools be used to interpret emissions and monitoring data. The further development of models that couple fate, long-range transport, and bioaccumulation should be fostered, especially models that will allow time trends to be scientifically addressed in the risk profile.

Cowan-Ellsberry, Christina E.; McLachlan, Michael S.; Arnot, Jon A.; MacLeod, Matthew; McKone, Thomas E.; Wania, Frank

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

COMM-OPINION-ORDER, 76 FERC 61,347, Promoting Wholesale Competition Through Open-Access Non-discriminatory Transmission Services by Public Utilities, Docket No. RM95-8-000, Recovery of Stranded Costs by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-discriminatory Transmission Services by Public Utilities, Docket No. RM95-8-000, Recovery of Stranded Costs by Public Utilities and Transmitting Utilities, Docket No. RM94-7-001, (Sep. 27, 1996) COPYRIGHT 1999, CCH by Public Utilities, Docket No. RM95-8-000, Recovery of Stranded Costs by Public Utilities and Transmitting

Laughlin, Robert B.

194

The Conquest File System: Better Performance Through a Disk/Persistent-RAM Hybrid Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

memory, except providing large storage capacity. Unlike caching, Conquest uses memory with battery backup storage capacity is advancing at a rapid rate, the mechanical latency of disk has improved only at 15% per as persistent storage, and provides specialized and separate data paths to memory and disk. Therefore

Wang, Andy

195

Persistence Length of Isotactic Poly(hydroxy butyrate) G. Beaucage,* S. Rane, and S. Sukumaran  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regime. Introduction Isotactic poly(hydroxy butyrate), i-PHB, is a biosource polyester which is thought- cessibility of these biosource polyesters. It is expected that chains with large persistence units will follow as the chain's Rg and the chain displays only expanded scaling with df 5/3. Such deviatory scaling behavior

Beaucage, Gregory

196

Group Health Management of UAV Teams With Applications to Persistent Surveillance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Group Health Management of UAV Teams With Applications to Persistent Surveillance Brett Bethke, Jonathan P. How, and John Vian Abstract-- Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are well-suited to a wide range and dis- tributed nature of these missions often requires teams of UAVs to work together. Furthermore

How, Jonathan P.

197

Advanced Persistent Threat: Understanding the Danger and How to Protect Your Organization, 1st edition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The newest threat to security has been categorized as the Advanced Persistent Threat or APT. The APT bypasses most of an organization's current security devices, and is typically carried out by an organized group, such as a foreign nation state or rogue ...

Eric Cole

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Persistent Ocean Monitoring with Underwater Gliders: Towards Accurate Reconstruction of Dynamic Ocean Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to ocean currents. The speed control algorithm then optimizes the speed along the planned path so waters of large magnitude ocean currents, and is length constrained. Secondly, we develop a velocityPersistent Ocean Monitoring with Underwater Gliders: Towards Accurate Reconstruction of Dynamic

Smith, Ryan N.

199

Persistent Ocean Monitoring with Underwater Gliders: Path Plans and Adapting Sampling Resolution 3D/4D  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, penalized for navigating through waters of large magnitude ocean currents, and is length constrained. AlongPersistent Ocean Monitoring with Underwater Gliders: Path Plans and Adapting Sampling Resolution 3D Abstract Ocean processes are dynamic and complex events that occur on multiple different spatial

Frandsen, Jannette B.

200

Reassortant influenza A viruses in wild duck populations: effects on viral shedding and persistence in water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...suggested that a large pool of functionally equivalent...and persistence in water represent two key...infectivity titre in water (i.e. time required...from a limited gene pool, likely resulting...technique, sample conservation and detection method...time in distilled water, depending on temperature...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Student Difficulties With Trigonometric Vector Components Persist In Multiple Student Populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Student Difficulties With Trigonometric Vector Components Persist In Multiple Student Populations 43210 Abstract: Students in introductory physics courses sometimes struggle to correctly break down, and a coordinate system. Students struggle further when asked to break down a vector in an inclined coordinate

Heckler, Andrew F.

202

Quaternary Science Reviews 22 (2003) 10511058 Late Holocene dune accretion and episodes of persistent drought in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of persistent drought in the Great Plains of Northeastern Colorado Mich"ele.L. Clarkea, *, Helen.M. Rendellb exposures in the Fort Morgan dunefield of northeastern Colorado where radiocarbon-dated buried soils provide). Around 20% of eastern Colorado is blanketed by aeolian sands (Madole, 1994) which derive principally from

Clarke, Michèle

203

Quantum phase transitions and persistent currents in Josephson-junction ladders Minchul Lee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum phase transitions and persistent currents in Josephson-junction ladders Minchul Lee- dimensional Josephson-junction arrays. We will focus particularly on the roles of excitonlike pairs.40.Db, 73.23.Hk I. INTRODUCTION Systems of Josephson junctions between small supercon- ducting grains

Choi, Mahn-Soo

204

Persistent Circulation Regimes and Preferred Regime Transitions in the North Atlantic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The persistent regime behavior of the eddy-driven jet stream over the North Atlantic is investigated. The North Atlantic jet stream variability is characterized by the latitude of the maximum lower tropospheric wind speed of the 40-yr ECMWF Re-...

Christian Franzke; Tim Woollings; Olivia Martius

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Geometry-based semantic ID for persistent and interoperable reference in feature-based parametric modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In current feature-based parametric design systems, the reusability principle is not fully supported as it was expected. Unpredictability and ambiguity of models often happen during design modification within one system as well as among different systems. ... Keywords: Continuity, Feature-based parametric modeling, Parametric family, Persistent naming, Topological ID

Yan Wang; Bartholomew O. Nnaji

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

The Role of Habitat in the Persistence of Fire Ant Populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

amply demonstrated, but the fate of such populations if ecological succession proceeds has rarely been of the persisting colonies were associated with the disturbance caused by vehicle tracks. In a second study, mature ecological disturbance. Communities that develop in such disturbed habitat are unstable and revert to a late

207

Postdoctoral Position at the University of Idaho: Evolution of drug resistance plasmid persistence in biofilms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Postdoctoral Position at the University of Idaho: Evolution of drug resistance plasmid persistence, and (iii) assume primary responsibility for preparing and publishing scientific papers for peer-reviewed journals, and for presenting findings at scientific conferences. The successful candidate will work under

Top, Eva

208

Persistent Contrails and Contrail Cirrus. Part I: Large-Eddy Simulations from Inception to Demise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large-eddy simulations with size-resolved microphysics are used to model persistent aircraft contrails and contrail-induced cirrus from a few wing spans behind the aircraft until their demise after many hours. Schemes for dynamic local ice binning ...

D. C. Lewellen; O. Meza; W. W. Huebsch

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

HollyMcLellan,ColvilleConfederatedTribes Resident Fish Division Native resident fish persisted after  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HollyMcLellan,ColvilleConfederatedTribes Resident Fish Division Native resident fish persistedMcLellan,ColvilleConfederatedTribes Resident Fish Division Surveys document increase in walleye and decrease in native fish abundance Native fish populations affected Sanpoil: wildkokanee and redband trout populations depressed Columbia

210

Persisting cold extremes under 21stcentury warming scenarios Evan Kodra,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Persisting cold extremes under 21stcentury warming scenarios Evan Kodra,1,2 Karsten Steinhaeuser,1 27 April 2011. [1] Analyses of climate model simulations and observations reveal that extreme cold. The gridbased intensity, duration and frequency of cold extreme events are calculated annually through three

Minnesota, University of

211

Evidence for the Coupling of ATP Hydrolysis to the Final (Extension) Phase of RecA Protein-mediated DNA Strand Exchange*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evidence for the Coupling of ATP Hydrolysis to the Final (Extension) Phase of RecA Protein-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 RecA protein promotes a limited DNA strand ex- change reaction, without ATP. This nascent hybrid DNA is extended in a reaction that can be coupled to ATP hydrolysis. When ATP is hydrolyzed

Cox, Michael M.

212

AID Associates with Single-Stranded DNA with High Affinity and a Long Complex Half-Life in a Sequence-Independent Manner  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...indicating that AID binds these bubble substrates with very high affinities...binding affinities of AID to bubble substrates suggests that AID...of relatively high complex stability. AID complex formation on...single-stranded region of the bubble, it remained plausible that...

Mani Larijani; Alexander P. Petrov; Oxana Kolenchenko; Maribel Berru; Sergey N. Krylov; Alberto Martin

2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

213

Direct Inhibition of Tombusvirus Plus-Strand RNA Synthesis by a Dominant Negative Mutant of a Host Metabolic Enzyme, Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase, in Yeast and Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...assay based on yeast cell-free extracts (CFE) that are prepared from yeast mutant strains...positive-strand viral RNAs in the GAPDH-depleted CFE, resulting in symmetric replication of...recombinant GAPDH to the GAPDH-depleted CFE restored asymmetric RNA synthesis by producing...

Tyng-Shyan Huang; Peter D. Nagy

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

214

Including Retro-Commissioning in Federal Energy Savings Performance Contracts  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guidance document on the importance of (and steps to) including retro-commissioning in Federal energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs).

215

Effect of retrapping on the persistent luminescence in strontium silicate orange–yellow phosphor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The orange–yellow long persistent luminescence in Sr{sub 3}SiO{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+}, Er{sup 3+} with the chromaticity coordination of (0.48, 0.49) can persist for over 20 h above the recognizable intensity level (?0.32 mcd/m{sup 2}) because of retrapping carriers by the deep traps. The incorporation of Er{sup 3+} into Sr{sub 3}SiO{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} generates a large number of shallow traps responsible for the fast decay component as well as deep traps responsible for the decay tail of the LPL. It demonstrates that the retrapping of the carrier released from a trap plays an important role in the persistent luminescence process. - Graphical abstract: LPL decay curves of Sr{sub 3?x?y}SiO{sub 5}:xEu{sup 2+}, yEr{sup 3+} (x=0.0025, y=0, 0.0025). Inset: Orange–yellow emission images recorded using a classic Reflex digital camera with exposure times varying with the persistent luminescence times. Display Omitted - Highlights: • The persistence time of Sr{sub 3}SiO{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+}, Er{sup 3+} lasts over 20 h above the recognizable intensity level. • The incorporation of Er{sup 3+} into Sr{sub 3}SiO{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} generates a large number of shallow traps. • The experimental results provide an evidence for the retrapping process in LPL processes.

Xu, Xuhui; Yu, Xue, E-mail: yuyu6593@126.com; Zhou, Dacheng; Qiu, Jianbei, E-mail: qiu@kmust.edu.cn

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

FEMP Expands ESPC ENABLE Program to Include More Energy Conservation...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

(ESPC) ENABLE program to include two new energy conservation measures (ECMs): solar photovoltaic (PV) and simple one-for-one heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC)...

217

SciTech Connect: Microfluidic devices and methods including porous...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

porous polymer monolith may include surfaces terminated with iniferter species. Capture molecules may then be grafted to the monolith pores. Authors: Hatch, Anson V; Sommer,...

218

Including Retro-Commissioning in Federal Energy Savings Performance Contracts  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Document describes guidance on the importance of (and steps to) including retro-commissioning in federal energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs).

219

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Industrial Deliveries included...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download...

220

Microfluidic devices and methods including porous polymer monoliths  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Microfluidic devices and methods including porous polymer monoliths are described. Polymerization techniques may be used to generate porous polymer monoliths having pores defined by a liquid component of a fluid mixture. The fluid mixture may contain iniferters and the resulting porous polymer monolith may include surfaces terminated with iniferter species. Capture molecules may then be grafted to the monolith pores.

Hatch, Anson V; Sommer, Gregory J; Singh, Anup K; Wang, Ying-Chih; Abhyankar, Vinay V

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Solar Energy Education. Reader, Part II. Sun story. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magazine articles which focus on the subject of solar energy are presented. The booklet prepared is the second of a four part series of the Solar Energy Reader. Excerpts from the magazines include the history of solar energy, mythology and tales, and selected poetry on the sun. A glossary of energy related terms is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Range of a projectile, including air resistance. Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resistance, it is easy to show (elementary physics classes) that if we throw a projectile with a speed vRange of a projectile, including air resistance. Introduction Here we study the motion of a projectile thrown through the air, including the important effects of air resistance.We will investi- gate

Young, A. Peter

223

Articles which include chevron film cooling holes, and related processes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An article is described, including an inner surface which can be exposed to a first fluid; an inlet; and an outer surface spaced from the inner surface, which can be exposed to a hotter second fluid. The article further includes at least one row or other pattern of passage holes. Each passage hole includes an inlet bore extending through the substrate from the inlet at the inner surface to a passage hole-exit proximate to the outer surface, with the inlet bore terminating in a chevron outlet adjacent the hole-exit. The chevron outlet includes a pair of wing troughs having a common surface region between them. The common surface region includes a valley which is adjacent the hole-exit; and a plateau adjacent the valley. The article can be an airfoil. Related methods for preparing the passage holes are also described.

Bunker, Ronald Scott; Lacy, Benjamin Paul

2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

224

What To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? | National Nuclear Security To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog What To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Whistleblower Program > What To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? What To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint?

225

Defects and persistent conductivity in SrTiO{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Strontium titanate (SrTiO{sub 3}) is often used as a substrate for oxide thin films such as high-temperature superconductors. It has the perovskite structure and an indirect band gap of 3.25 eV. Our prior work showed that hydrogen impurities form a defect complex that contains two hydrogen atoms. The complex was tentatively attributed to a passivated strontium vacancy. Alternatively, it could be a partially passivated titanium vacancy. In order to create titanium vacancies, we annealed samples in an evacuated ampoule with SrO powder. These samples show unexpected behavior. After illuminating with sub-gap light, the free-electron concentration increases significantly. After the light is turned off, the high conductivity persists at room temperature. We attribute persistent photoconductivity (PPC) to the excitation of an electron from a vacancy into the conduction band, with a low recapture rate.

McCluskey, Matthew D.; Tarun, Marianne C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-2814 (United States)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

226

The persistence of oceans on Earth-like planets: insights from the deep-water cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present a series of models for the deep water cycle on super-Earths experiencing plate tectonics. The deep water cycle can be modeled through parameterized convection models coupled with a volatile recycling model. The convection of the silicate mantle is linked to the volatile cycle through the water-dependent viscosity. Important differences in surface water content are found for different parameterizations of convection. Surface oceans are smaller and more persistent for single layer convection, rather than convection by boundary layer instability. Smaller planets have initially larger oceans but also return that water to the mantle more rapidly than larger planets. Super-Earths may therefore be less habitable in their early years than smaller planets, but their habitability (assuming stable surface conditions), will persist much longer.

Schaefer, Laura

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Retrospective Analysis of Long-Term Adherence to and Persistence with DPP-4 Inhibitors in US Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) must remain adherent and persistent on antidiabetic medications to optimize clinical benefits. This analysis compared adherence and persistence among adults initia...

Amanda M. Farr; John J. Sheehan; Suellen M. Curkendall…

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

The single-strand DNA binding activity of human PC4 preventsmutagenesis and killing by oxidative DNA damage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Human positive cofactor 4 (PC4) is a transcriptional coactivator with a highly conserved single-strand DNA (ssDNA) binding domain of unknown function. We identified PC4 as a suppressor of the oxidative mutator phenotype of the Escherichia coli fpg mutY mutant and demonstrate that this suppression requires its ssDNA binding activity. Yeast mutants lacking their PC4 ortholog Sub1 are sensitive to hydrogen peroxide and exhibit spontaneous and peroxide induced hypermutability. PC4 expression suppresses the peroxide sensitivity of the yeast sub l{Delta} mutant, suggesting that the human protein has a similar function. A role for yeast and human proteins in DNA repair is suggested by the demonstration that Sub1 acts in a peroxide-resistance pathway involving Rad2 and by the physical interaction of PC4 with the human Rad2 homolog XPG. We show XPG recruits PC4 to a bubble-containing DNA substrate with resulting displacement of XPG and formation of a PC4-DNA complex. We discuss the possible requirement for PC4 in either global or transcription-coupled repair of oxidative DNA damage to mediate the release of XPG bound to its substrate.

Wang, Jen-Yeu; Sarker, Altaf Hossain; Cooper, Priscilla K.; Volkert, Michael R.

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Estimating Persistent Mass Flux of Volatile Contaminants from the Vadose Zone to Ground Water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Contaminants may persist for long time periods within low permeability portions of the vadose zone where they cannot be effectively treated and are a potential continuing source of contamination to groundwater. Setting appropriate vadose zone remediation goals requires evaluating these persistent sources in terms of their impact on meeting groundwater remediation goals. One-dimensional approaches for estimating transport of volatile contaminants in the vadose zone are considered and compared to a one-dimensional flux-continuity-based assessment of vapor-phase contaminant movement from the vadose zone to the groundwater. The flux-continuity-based assessment demonstrates that the ability of the groundwater to move contaminant away from the water table controls the vapor-phase mass flux from the vadose zone across the water table. Limitations of the one-dimensional approaches are then discussed with respect to the need for further method development and application of two- or three-dimensional numerical modeling. The carbon tetrachloride (CT) plume at the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site is used as an example of a site where persistent vadose zone contamination needs to be considered in the context of groundwater remediation.

Truex, Michael J.; Oostrom, Martinus; Brusseau, Mark

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

230

Evidence for enhanced persistent emission during sub-Eddington thermonuclear bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The standard approach for time-resolved X-ray spectral analysis of thermonuclear bursts involves subtraction of the pre-burst emission as background. This approach implicitly assumes that the persistent flux remains constant throughout the burst. We reanalyzed 332 photospheric radius expansion bursts observed from 40 sources by the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer, introducing a multiplicative factor $f_a$ to the persistent emission contribution in our spectral fits. We found that for the majority of spectra the best-fit value of $f_a$ is significantly greater than 1, suggesting that the persistent emission typically increases during a burst. Elevated $f_a$ values were not found solely during the radius expansion interval of the burst, but were also measured in the cooling tail. The modified model results in a lower average value of the $\\chi^2$ fit statistic, indicating superior spectral fits, but not yet to the level of formal statistical consistency for all the spectra. We interpret the elevated $f_a$ values as...

Worpel, Hauke; Price, Daniel J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Chapter 13, Assessing Persistence and Other Evaluation Issues Cross-Cutting Protocols: The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: Assessing 3: Assessing Persistence and Other Evaluation Issues Cross- Cutting Protocols Daniel M. Violette, Navigant Consulting Subcontract Report NREL/SR-7A30-53827 April 2013 The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures 13 - 1 Chapter 13 - Table of Contents 1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................2 2 Persistence of Energy Savings ................................................................................................3 2.1 Addressing Persistence .................................................................................................... 3 2.2 State of the Practice in Assessing Persistence ................................................................. 7

232

U-182: Microsoft Windows Includes Some Invalid Certificates | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

82: Microsoft Windows Includes Some Invalid Certificates 82: Microsoft Windows Includes Some Invalid Certificates U-182: Microsoft Windows Includes Some Invalid Certificates June 4, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in Microsoft Windows. A remote user may be able to spoof code signing signatures. PLATFORM: Version(s): XP SP3, 2003 SP2, Vista SP2, 2008 SP2, 7 SP1, 2008 R2 SP1; and prior service packs ABSTRACT: The operating system includes some invalid intermediate certificates. The vulnerability is due to the certificate authorities and not the operating system itself. Reference Links: Security tracker ID 1027114 GENERIC-MAP-NOMATCH Vendor Advisory IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: The invalid certificates and their thumbprints are: Microsoft Enforced Licensing Intermediate PCA: 2a 83 e9 02 05 91 a5 5f c6

233

FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF STEEL WELDED COVERPLATE INCLUDING COMPOSITE DOUBLERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the increasing focus on welded bridge members resulting in crack initiation and propagation, there is a large demand for creative solutions. One of these solutions includes the application of composite doublers over the critical weld. In order...

Petri, Brad

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

Search for Earth-like planets includes LANL star analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search for earth-like planets Search for Earth-like planets includes LANL star analysis The mission will not only be able to search for planets around other stars, but also yield...

235

atlantic region including: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

R: L. Tossey, T. Beeson, Parks, B. TruittTNC, UD MPEO staff 2 Climate scenarios of sea level rise for the northeast Atlantic Ocean: a study including the effects of ocean...

236

INTRODUCTION Embryonic development is sensitive to many factors, including  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, mothers can attempt to maintain their developing embryos at an optimal temperature, and thus The Journal RESEARCH ARTICLE Maternal influences on early development: preferred temperature prior to oviposition1346 INTRODUCTION Embryonic development is sensitive to many factors, including hormones, toxins

Denardo, Dale

237

Limited Personal Use of Government Office Equipment including Information Technology  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Order establishes requirements and assigns responsibilities for employees' limited personal use of Government resources (office equipment and other resources including information technology) within DOE, including NNSA. The Order is required to provide guidance on appropriate and inappropriate uses of Government resources. This Order was certified 04/23/2009 as accurate and continues to be relevant and appropriate for use by the Department. Certified 4-23-09. No cancellation.

2005-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

238

Probability of double-strand breaks in genome-sized DNA by {gamma}-ray decreases markedly as the DNA concentration increases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By use of the single-molecule observation, we count the number of DNA double-strand breaks caused by {gamma}-ray irradiation with genome-sized DNA molecules (166 kbp). We find that P{sub 1}, the number of double-strand breaks (DSBs) per base pair per unit Gy, is nearly inversely proportional to the DNA concentration above a certain threshold DNA concentration. The inverse relationship implies that the total number of DSBs remains essentially constant. We give a theoretical interpretation of our experimental results in terms of attack of reactive species upon DNA molecules, indicating the significance of the characteristics of genome-sized giant DNA as semiflexible polymers for the efficiency of DSBs.

Shimobayashi, Shunsuke F. [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Iwaki, Takafumi [Fukui Institute for Fundamental Chemistry, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8103 (Japan); Mori, Toshiaki [Radiation Research Center, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai 599-8570 (Japan); Yoshikawa, Kenichi [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Faculty of Life and Medical Sciences, Doshisha University, Kyoto 610-0394 (Japan)

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

239

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Commercial Deliveries included in Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History U.S. 63.3 59.3 57.9 57.0 57.4 61.3 1983-2013 Alabama 71.7 71.0 68.5 68.2 68.4 66.7 1989-2013 Alaska 94.1 91.6 91.1 91.0 92.3 92.6 1989-2013 Arizona 84.0 83.0 81.6 80.3 82.8 82.7 1989-2013 Arkansas 37.8 28.3 28.1 28.6 26.7 28.0 1989-2013

240

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Industrial Deliveries included in Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History U.S. 16.5 16.3 16.0 16.2 16.6 16.9 2001-2013 Alabama 22.1 21.7 21.6 22.8 22.0 22.7 2001-2013 Alaska 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2001-2013 Arizona 13.4 15.7 15.3 13.8 13.7 13.9 2001-2013 Arkansas 1.7 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.5 2001-2013

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Chemical repair of base lesions, AP-sites, and strand breaks on plasmid DNA in dilute aqueous solution by ascorbic acid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: •We report a novel mechanism of radiation protection of DNA by chemical activity of ascorbic acid. •The “chemical repair” of DNA damage was revealed using biochemical assay and chemical kinetics analysis. •We found that ascorbic acid significantly repairs precursors of nucleobase lesions and abasic sites. •However, ascorbic acid seldom repairs precursors of DNA-strand breaks. -- Abstract: We quantified the damage yields produced in plasmid DNA by ?-irradiation in the presence of low concentrations (10–100 ?M) of ascorbic acid, which is a major antioxidant in living systems, to clarify whether it chemically repairs radiation damage in DNA. The yield of DNA single strand breaks induced by irradiation was analyzed with agarose gel electrophoresis as conformational changes in closed circular plasmids. Base lesions and abasic sites were also observed as additional conformational changes by treating irradiated samples with glycosylase proteins. By comparing the suppression efficiencies to the induction of each DNA lesion, in addition to scavenging of the OH radicals derived from water radiolysis, it was found that ascorbic acid promotes the chemical repair of precursors of AP-sites and base lesions more effectively than those of single strand breaks. We estimated the efficiency of the chemical repair of each lesion using a kinetic model. Approximately 50–60% of base lesions and AP-sites were repaired by 10 ?M ascorbic acid, although strand breaks were largely unrepaired by ascorbic acid at low concentrations. The methods in this study will provide a route to understanding the mechanistic aspects of antioxidant activity in living systems.

Hata, Kuniki [Department of Nuclear Engineering and Management, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan) [Department of Nuclear Engineering and Management, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirakatashirane, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Urushibara, Ayumi; Yamashita, Shinichi; Shikazono, Naoya; Yokoya, Akinari [Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirakatashirane, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan)] [Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirakatashirane, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Katsumura, Yosuke, E-mail: katsu@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Department of Nuclear Engineering and Management, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan) [Department of Nuclear Engineering and Management, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Nuclear Professional School, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2-22 Shirakatashirane, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki 319-1188 (Japan)

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

242

Man-made marine debris and sea turtle strandings on beaches of the upper Texas and southwestern Louisiana coasts, June 1987 through September 1989. Technical memo  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The upper Texas and southwestern Louisiana coastlines were divided into six sampling zones to survey the amounts, types and rates of accumulation of man-made marine debris, the number of sea turtle strandings, the incidence of sea turtle entanglements in marine debris and the incidence of ingestion of such debris by sea turtles. From June 1987 through September 1989, 473 sample plots were examined for marine debris. Significant differences were detected in mean number of debris items per 100 sq m of beach sampled by year, zone and month. Significant differences in mean weight of debris items per 100 sq m of beach sampled were detected by month and zone. Both number and weights (per 100 sq m) of debris were lowest in the winter months. Number per 100 sq m was greatest in August while weight per 100 sq m peaked in May. Tar balls and plastic items were the most frequently encountered marine debris items. Wooden items had the highest average weights while tar balls and polystyrene foam were the lightest items collected. A total of 171 sea turtles stranded on the surveyed beaches during the study. Of 26 gastrointestinal tracts examined, 16 had ingested some form of man-made debris. Six turtles were entangled in man-made debris and 9 were live stranded.

Duronslet, M.J.; Revera, D.B.; Stanley, K.M.

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Nox1 and Nox4 enzymes are persistently elevated in human hepatocytes producing infectious hepatitis C virus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

location of NOX4 and NOX1 enzymes by cell fractionation. 6.13. Proposed role of hepatocyte NOX enzymes in HCV-inducedMERCED Nox1 and Nox4 enzymes are persistently elevated in

Reyes de Mochel, Nabora Soledad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Using the Systematic Review Methodology To Evaluate Factors That Influence the Persistence of Influenza Virus in Environmental Matrices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...between measurement units even within the same...influenza virus in land disposal (25). The lack of...facilities or manure storage units. Data on the persistence...without host animals is critical to appropriate decision-making for issues...

C. K. Irwin; K. J. Yoon; C. Wang; S. J. Hoff; J. J. Zimmerman; T. Denagamage; A. M. O'Connor

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

245

Perceptions of Social Support Networks and Climate in the Persistence of Latinas Pursuing an Undergraduate Engineering Degree  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

While an abundance of literature addresses undergraduate students’ lack of success in engineering programs, fewer studies examine the persistence of minority females, especially of Latinas in such a male-dominated discipline. This study employed a...

Banda, Rosa 1978-

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

246

Substrate modification by adding ablation of localized complex fractionated electrograms after stepwise linear ablation in persistent atrial fibrillation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Linear left atrial (LA) ablation in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (PsAF) resulting in the elimination of most complex fractionated electrogram (CFE) sites has been demonstrated. This study ... desi...

Shiro Nakahara; Tohru Kamijima; Yuichi Hori…

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Honda Smart Home to Include Berkeley Lab Ventilation Controller  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Honda Smart Home to Include Berkeley Lab Ventilation Controller Honda Smart Home to Include Berkeley Lab Ventilation Controller Honda smart home October 2013 October-November Special Focus: Energy Efficiency, Buildings, and the Electric Grid Honda Motor Company Inc is proceeding with plans to build a Smart Home in Davis, California, to demonstrate the latest in renewable energy technologies and energy efficiency. The home is expected to produce more energy than is consumed, demonstrating how the goal of "zero net energy" can be met in the near term future. A ventilation controller developed by researchers at Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division (EETD) will be included in the smart home. EETD is currently working with the developers of the home control system to integrate its control algorithms.

248

DOE Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions DOE Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions September 30, 2011 - 2:30pm Addthis On September 27, 2011, the Department of Energy (DOE) approved revisions to its National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) regulations, and on September 28th, submitted the revisions to the Federal Register. The final regulations, which become effective 30 days after publication in the Federal Register, are the culmination of a 2-year process to review and update DOE's NEPA implementing procedures. This process involved internal evaluation, public participation, and Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) review. The revisions are designed to focus Departmental resources on projects with the potential for significant environmental impact, to better

249

Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Focus Area: Solar Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.leonardo-energy.org/webinar-introduction-small-scale-photovoltaic- Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/introduction-small-scale-photovoltaic Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Project Development This video teaches the viewer about photovoltaic arrays and RETscreen's photovoltaic module, which can be used to project the cost and production of an array. An example case study was

250

projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million in non-Federal cost sharing) over four years. The overall goal of the research is to develop carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture and separation technologies that can achieve at least 90 percent CO 2 removal at no more than a 35 percent increase in the cost of electricity. The projects, managed by FE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), include: (1) Linde, LLC, which will use a post-combustion capture technology incorporating BASF's novel amine-based process at a 1-megawatt electric (MWe) equivalent slipstream pilot plant at the National Carbon Capture Center (NCCC) (DOE contribution: $15 million); (2) Neumann Systems Group, Inc., which will design, construct, and test a patented NeuStreamTM absorber at the Colorado

251

Including Tunneling in Non-Born–Oppenheimer Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Including Tunneling in Non-Born–Oppenheimer Simulations ... We note that tunneling may be included in the modeling of electronically nonadiabatic processes by other methods as well, for example, quantal wave packet methods where the wave packet is not restricted to follow a classical trajectory,(18) path integral dynamics,(19-21) and the initial value representation,(22) but these methods will require more development of efficient computational strategies for their practical application to complex systems, whereas the method proposed here has a cost comparable to non-Born–Oppenheimer (NBO) trajectory calculations that do not include tunneling. ... We also ran Born–Oppenheimer trajectories with the same total energy on the adiabatic ground state for comparison. ...

Jingjing Zheng; Rubén Meana-Pañeda; Donald G. Truhlar

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

252

Thin film solar cell including a spatially modulated intrinsic layer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

One or more thin film solar cells in which the intrinsic layer of substantially amorphous semiconductor alloy material thereof includes at least a first band gap portion and a narrower band gap portion. The band gap of the intrinsic layer is spatially graded through a portion of the bulk thickness, said graded portion including a region removed from the intrinsic layer-dopant layer interfaces. The band gap of the intrinsic layer is always less than the band gap of the doped layers. The gradation of the intrinsic layer is effected such that the open circuit voltage and/or the fill factor of the one or plural solar cell structure is enhanced.

Guha, Subhendu (Troy, MI); Yang, Chi-Chung (Troy, MI); Ovshinsky, Stanford R. (Bloomfield Hills, MI)

1989-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

253

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy: a background text. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some of the most common forms of renewable energy are presented in this textbook for students. The topics include solar energy, wind power hydroelectric power, biomass ocean thermal energy, and tidal and geothermal energy. The main emphasis of the text is on the sun and the solar energy that it yields. Discussions on the sun's composition and the relationship between the earth, sun and atmosphere are provided. Insolation, active and passive solar systems, and solar collectors are the subtopics included under solar energy. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Methods of producing adsorption media including a metal oxide  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of producing a metal oxide are disclosed. The method comprises dissolving a metal salt in a reaction solvent to form a metal salt/reaction solvent solution. The metal salt is converted to a metal oxide and a caustic solution is added to the metal oxide/reaction solvent solution to adjust the pH of the metal oxide/reaction solvent solution to less than approximately 7.0. The metal oxide is precipitated and recovered. A method of producing adsorption media including the metal oxide is also disclosed, as is a precursor of an active component including particles of a metal oxide.

Mann, Nicholas R; Tranter, Troy J

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

255

Watson Library enhancements to include new service desk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12/5/13 KU Libraries News: Watson Library enhancements to include new service desk www.lib.ku.edu/news/newservicedesk.shtml 1/1 Contact Us The University of Kansas Libraries Lawrence, KS 66045 (785) 864-8983 Copyright © 2013 by the University... of Kansas Watson Library enhancements to include new service desk The University of Kansas Libraries is adding a new service desk to Watson Library to enhance the user experience and draw attention to new and existing resources. The desk, which...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

An Innovative Approach for Data Collection and Handling to Enable Advancements in Micro Air Vehicle Persistent Surveillance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN INNOVATIVE APPROACH FOR DATA COLLECTION AND HANDLING TO ENABLE ADVANCEMENTS IN MICRO AIR VEHICLE PERSISTENT SURVEILLANCE A Thesis by RYAN DAVID GOODNIGHT Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2009 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering AN INNOVATIVE APPROACH FOR DATA COLLECTION AND HANDLING TO ENABLE ADVANCEMENTS IN MICRO AIR VEHICLE PERSISTENT...

Goodnight, Ryan David

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

257

Persistence of the Insecticide Dimilin 45 ODC on Conifer Forest Foliage in an Atlantic-Climate Ecosystem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Persistence of the Insecticide Dimilin 45 ODC on Conifer Forest Foliage in an Atlantic-Climate Ecosystem ... Diflubenzuron is used to control Lepidopterous insects in conifer forests, normally by aerial application at a rate usually no greater than 140 g of AI/ha (10). ... Initial deposits, persistence and degrdn. of diflubenzuron [1-4(4-chlorophenyl)-3-(2,6-difluorobenzoyl) urea] in spruce foliage, forest litter and soil were studied under forestry conditions by applying the chem. ...

Esther RodrÍguez; Ramón J. Barrio; Arantxa Goicolea; Roberto Peche; Zuriñe Gómez de Balugera; Carmen Sampedro

2001-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

258

A Statistical Model of the Inhomogeneous Corona Constrained by Triple-Filter Measurements of Elementary Loop Strands with TRACE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Here we present the first quantitative model of the inhomogeneous solar corona, which we call the composite and elementary loops in a thermally inhomogeneous corona (CELTIC) model. We develop a self-consistent statistical model that quantifies the distributions of physical parameters, i.e., the distributions of loop widths, N(w,Te), electron densities, N(ne,Te), electron temperatures, N(Te), and statistical correlations between them. The parameterized distributions are constrained by the observed triple-filter fluxes of the EUV corona measured at some 18,000 loop positions with TRACE in the temperature range of Te ? 0.7-2.7 MK, as well as by the individual loop parameters (w,ne,Te) measured at these positions in ?240 detected loops, mostly sampled in active regions. The CELTIC model is inverted from the TRACE data and reproduces both the fluxes of the composite (active region and quiet Sun) background corona and the distributions of loop parameters in a self-consistent way. The best-fit values constrain a statistical correlation between the density and temperature, i.e., ne ? Te?, with ? = 0.9 ± 0.6, and between the loop width and temperature, i.e., w ? Te?, with ? = 1.3 ± 0.7, which can be related to the thermal pressure in a regime with a high plasma-? parameter. A possible explanation is a heating process located in the lower transition region or the upper chromosphere (e.g., as reproduced in the recent MHD simulations of Gudiksen and Nordlund), which produces sufficiently high electron densities, high plasma-? parameters, and thermally homogeneous loop cross sections as observed in elementary loop strands.

Markus J. Aschwanden; Richard W. Nightingale; Paul Boerner

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Requirements: A minimum of 15 PSYC credits, including  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

» Three other 2000-3000-level PSYC courses (any area) No more than 3 credits of PSYC 3889 or 3999 canRequirements: A minimum of 15 PSYC credits, including: » One Area I course » One Area II course) ___2100 (Principles of Research in Psychology) Area I. Social, Developmental, Clinical, & Industrial

Alpay, S. Pamir

260

Procedures in Modules (1) Including all procedures within modules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Procedures in Modules (1) Including all procedures within modules works very well in almost all designing these if possible #12;Procedures in Modules (2) These are very much like internal procedures Works very well in almost all programs Everything accessible in the module can also be used in the procedure

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Free Energy Efficiency Kit includes CFL light bulbs,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free Energy Efficiency Kit Kit includes CFL light bulbs, spray foam, low-flow shower head, and more! Building Science 101 Presentation BPI Certified Building Professionals will present home energy efficiency for discounted energy assessments. FREE HOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY SEMINAR N e w R i ver L i g ht & Pow e r a n d W

Rose, Annkatrin

262

Biomass Potentials from California Forest and Shrublands Including Fuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass Potentials from California Forest and Shrublands Including Fuel Reduction Potentials-04-004 February 2005 Revised: October 2005 Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor, State of California #12;Biomass Tiangco, CEC Bryan M. Jenkins, University of California #12;Biomass Potentials from California Forest

263

Project Management Business Process Project Delivery Processes Includes VE Budget  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Management Business Process Project Delivery Processes Includes VE Budget Schedule Activities that do/could feed into PMBP LEGEND VE Cost Avoidance Program Coverage Document Results (Before, could use the value methodology to facilitate after action review. The project manager is responsible

US Army Corps of Engineers

264

DISTINCTIONS The unique combination of factors which distinguish Berea includes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

throughout Appala- chia. SUSTAINABLE CAMPUS FEATURES The College environment demonstrates sustainable living and enhances student learning. Recently renovated historical buildings and residence halls include sustain, Washington Monthly ranked Berea the #1 liberal arts college in the nation Listed as a "Best Buy" college

Baltisberger, Jay H.

265

FORUMA Hamilton Spectator Town Hall Event SPEAKERS INCLUDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R001990104 OPEN FORUMA Hamilton Spectator Town Hall Event SPEAKERS INCLUDE: STEVE BUIST, Spectator, former chairman of Hamilton-Wentworth region and now president and CEO of the Hamilton Community Foundation. DR. CHRIS MACKIE, Hamilton's associate medical officer of health. MARK CHAMBERLAIN, president

Thompson, Michael

266

ASTRO-F/FIS observing simulation including detector characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASTRO-F/FIS observing simulation including detector characteristics Woong-Seob Jeong a,*, Soojong instruments, the far-infrared surveyor (FIS) will map the entire sky in four bands using short wavelength (SW- oped a suite of software with an aim to simulate the FIS observations (Jeong et al., 2000, 2003, 2004

Pak, Soojong

267

ASTRO-F/FIS Observing Simulation Including Detector Characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASTRO-F/FIS Observing Simulation Including Detector Characteristics Woong-Seob Jeong1, Soojong Pak1 simulations to examined the detector characteristics on the FIS instrument (Far- Infrared Surveyor) images narrow and wide bands using a short wavelength (SW) and long wavelength (LW) detector array. The FIS (Far

Lee, Hyung Mok

268

cDNA encoding a polypeptide including a hevein sequence  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cDNA clone (HEV1) encoding hevein was isolated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mixed oligonucleotides corresponding to two regions of hevein as primers and a Hevea brasiliensis latex cDNA library as a template. HEV1 is 1,018 nucleotides long and includes an open reading frame of 204 amino acids.

Raikhel, N.V.; Broekaert, W.F.; Namhai Chua; Kush, A.

1993-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

269

Methods of Purchasing Purchasing methods include the different  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" purchases must be reviewed and approved by the Controller's Office. This may result in the end user beingMethods of Purchasing Purchasing methods include the different processes of ordering goods and/or services, and encumbering funds. #12;Method of Purchase Field Purchase Orders (FPO) Accepted

270

DOE Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes 30-mile Natural Gas Pipeline from Pasco to Hanford DOE Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes 30-mile Natural Gas Pipeline from Pasco to Hanford January 23, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Cameron Hardy, DOE , (509) 376-5365, Cameron.Hardy@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, WASH. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is considering natural gas transportation and distribution requirements to support the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) and evaporator operations at the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. DOE awarded a task order worth up to $5 million to the local, licensed supplier of natural gas in the Hanford area, Cascade Natural Gas Corporation (Cascade). Cascade will support DOE and its Environmental

271

Italy (including San Marino) Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Western Europe » Italy Western Europe » Italy (including San Marino) Italy (including San Marino) Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data Trends As occurred in many industrialized nations, CO2 emissions from Italy rose steeply since the late 1940's until the growth was abruptly terminated in 1974. Since 1974, emissions from liquid fuels have vacillated, dropping from 76% to 46% of a static but varying total. Significant increases in natural gas consumption have compensated for the drop in oil consumption. In 2008, 35.8% of Italy's fossil-fuel CO2 emissions were due to natural gas consumption. Coal usage grew steadily until 1985 when CO2 emissions from coal consumption reached 16 million metric tons of carbon. Not until 2004 did coal usage exceed 1985 levels and now accounts for 13.9% of Italy's

272

Multi-processor including data flow accelerator module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An accelerator module for a data flow computer includes an intelligent memory. The module is added to a multiprocessor arrangement and uses a shared tagged memory architecture in the data flow computer. The intelligent memory module assigns locations for holding data values in correspondence with arcs leading to a node in a data dependency graph. Each primitive computation is associated with a corresponding memory cell, including a number of slots for operands needed to execute a primitive computation, a primitive identifying pointer, and linking slots for distributing the result of the cell computation to other cells requiring that result as an operand. Circuitry is provided for utilizing tag bits to determine automatically when all operands required by a processor are available and for scheduling the primitive for execution in a queue. Each memory cell of the module may be associated with any of the primitives, and the particular primitive to be executed by the processor associated with the cell is identified by providing an index, such as the cell number for the primitive, to the primitive lookup table of starting addresses. The module thus serves to perform functions previously performed by a number of sections of data flow architectures and coexists with conventional shared memory therein. A multiprocessing system including the module operates in a hybrid mode, wherein the same processing modules are used to perform some processing in a sequential mode, under immediate control of an operating system, while performing other processing in a data flow mode.

Davidson, George S. (Albuquerque, NM); Pierce, Paul E. (Albuquerque, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

United States/Mexico electricity trade study. [Glossary included  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During energy discussions between the United States and Mexico, it was suggested that the two countries revisit the issue of enhanced electricity trade because 10 years had elapsed since this issue was first studied. Responsibility to organize the updated study was jointly assigned to the US and to the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE). The study highlights the opportunities for increased cooperation among the electric utilities in the U.S. and Mexico. Direct benefits could include increased reliability of electric power service and cost savings through diversity of peak demand patterns and locational benefits associated with the siting of new generation sources. Indirect benefits could include improved economic and employment opportunities, especially in the border areas of both countries. While the study indicates that increased electricity trade is possible, there are significant technical and economic issues to consider. Any major increase in electricity trade would require a higher level of cooperation and coordination among utilities in both countries and would need to be preceded by a detailed analysis of associated benefits and costs (including environmental impacts) on both a short-term and a long-term basis. Whether US utilities and CFE decide to pursue specific projects will depend upon the need for and economics of those projects. The study recommends that the work begun by the two utility groups be continued. The study also recommends that regulators at all levels consider policies to increase coordination and review among all relevant parties so that unnecessary delays in planning and constructing needed facilities are avoided. 12 figs., 17 tabs.

Not Available

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Multi-decadal degradation and persistence of permafrost in the Alaska Highway corridor, northwest Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Changes in permafrost distribution in the southern discontinuous zone were evaluated by repeating a 1964 survey through part of the Alaska Highway corridor (56° N–61° N) in northwest Canada. A total of 55 sites from the original survey in northern British Columbia and southern Yukon were located using archival maps and photographs. Probing for frozen ground, manual excavations, air and ground temperature monitoring, borehole drilling and geophysical techniques were used to gather information on present-day permafrost and climatic conditions. Mean annual air temperatures have increased by 1.5–2.0?° C since the mid-1970s and significant degradation of permafrost has occurred. Almost half of the permafrost sites along the entire transect which exhibited permafrost in 1964 do so no longer. This change is especially evident in the south where two-thirds of the formerly permafrost sites have thawed and the limit of permafrost appears to have shifted northward. The permafrost that persists is patchy, generally less than 15 m thick, has mean annual surface temperatures >0?° C, mean ground temperatures between ?0.5 and 0?° C, is in peat or beneath a thick organic mat, and appears to have a thicker active layer than in 1964. Its persistence may relate to the latent heat requirements of thawing permafrost or to the large thermal offset of organic soils. The study demonstrates that degradation of permafrost has occurred in the margins of its distribution in the last few decades, a trend that is expected to continue as the climate warms.

Megan James; Antoni G Lewkowicz; Sharon L Smith; Christina M Miceli

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Investigation of the cold condensation of persistent organic pollutants with a global multimedia fate model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors present a new global multimedia fate model that considers the influence of temperature on the environmental transport, degradation, and partitioning of persistent organic pollutants. The model consists of a variable number of latitudinal zones with specific annual temperature courses; each zone contains soil, oceanic surface water, and tropospheric air. The chemicals' degradation rates and Henry's law constants (H) are implemented as functions of temperature and the concentrations in the soil, water, and air compartments of each latitudinal zone are calculated as functions of time. The resulting temporal and spatial concentrations patterns are characterized by persistence and spatial range. Model calculations are carried out for tetrachloromethane, {alpha}-hexachlorocyclohexane ({alpha}-HCH), and murex, and the specific distribution patterns of these three chemicals are discussed. The model results show that the soil and water concentrations of the polar zones are strongly sensitive to changes of the latitudinal gradient of H and of washout ratios, adsorption to aerosol particles, and deposition rates.

Scheringer, M.; Wegmann, F.; Fenner, K.; Hungerbuehler, K.

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Persistence of gamma-H2AX and 53BP1 foci in proliferating and nonproliferating human mammary epithelial cells after exposure to gamma-rays or iron ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To investigate {gamma}-H2AX (phosphorylated histone H2AX) and 53BP1 (tumour protein 53 binding protein No. 1) foci formation and removal in proliferating and non-proliferating human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC) after exposure to sparsely and densely ionizing radiation under different cell culture conditions. HMEC cells were grown either as monolayers (2D) or in extracellular matrix to allow the formation of acinar structures in vitro (3D). Foci numbers were quantified by image analysis at various time points after exposure. Our results reveal that in non-proliferating cells under 2D and 3D cell culture conditions, iron-ion induced {gamma}-H2AX foci were still present at 72 h after exposure, although 53BP1 foci returned to control levels at 48 h. In contrast in proliferating HMEC, both {gamma}-H2AX and 53BP1 foci decreased to control levels during the 24-48 h time interval after irradiation under 2D conditions. Foci numbers decreased faster after {gamma}-ray irradiation and returned to control levels by 12 h regardless of marker, cell proliferation status, and cell culture condition. Conclusions: The disappearance of radiation induced {gamma}-H2AX and 53BP1 foci in HMEC have different dynamics that depend on radiation quality and proliferation status. Notably, the general patterns do not depend on the cell culture condition (2D versus 3D). We speculate that the persistent {gamma}-H2AX foci in iron-ion irradiated non-proliferating cells could be due to limited availability of double strand break (DSB) repair pathways in G0/G1-phase, or that repair of complex DSB requires replication or chromatin remodeling.

Groesser, Torsten; Chang, Hang; Fontenay, Gerald; Chen, James; Costes, Sylvain V.; Barcellos-Hoff, Mary Helen; Parvin, Bahram; Rydberg, Bjorn

2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

277

Information regarding previous INCITE awards including selected highlights  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Information regarding previous INCITE awards including selected highlights Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Facilities Accessing ASCR Supercomputers Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) Research & Evaluation Prototypes (REP) Innovative & Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) ASCR Leadership Computing Challenge (ALCC) Science Highlights Benefits of ASCR Funding Opportunities Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) News & Resources Contact Information Advanced Scientific Computing Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-21/Germantown Building

278

Composite armor, armor system and vehicle including armor system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Composite armor panels are disclosed. Each panel comprises a plurality of functional layers comprising at least an outermost layer, an intermediate layer and a base layer. An armor system incorporating armor panels is also disclosed. Armor panels are mounted on carriages movably secured to adjacent rails of a rail system. Each panel may be moved on its associated rail and into partially overlapping relationship with another panel on an adjacent rail for protection against incoming ordnance from various directions. The rail system may be configured as at least a part of a ring, and be disposed about a hatch on a vehicle. Vehicles including an armor system are also disclosed.

Chu, Henry S.; Jones, Warren F.; Lacy, Jeffrey M.; Thinnes, Gary L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

cDNA encoding a polypeptide including a hevein sequence  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cDNA clone (HEV1) encoding hevein was isolated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mixed oligonucleotides corresponding to two regions of hevein as primers and a Hevea brasiliensis latex cDNA library as a template. HEV1 is 1018 nucleotides long and includes an open reading frame of 204 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contains a pu GOVERNMENT RIGHTS This application was funded under Department of Energy Contract DE-AC02-76ER01338. The U.S. Government has certain rights under this application and any patent issuing thereon.

Raikhel, Natasha V. (Okemos, MI); Broekaert, Willem F. (Dilbeek, BE); Chua, Nam-Hai (Scarsdale, NY); Kush, Anil (New York, NY)

1993-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

280

Reliability modeling of transmission and distribution systems including dependent failures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is considered. Therefore, the trans i t ion rate mat r i x of the entire system need not be generated. Th i s method is compared wi th the sequential method for normal and stormy weather condit ions, and is then extended to include m weather conditions... . 9 E . Cut -Set Equations 10 III M A R K O V C U T - S E T M E T H O D 13 A . Basic Approach 13 B . Markov Cut -Set Me thod 13 C . Examp le 18 D . Compar ison wi th the Sequential Me thod 22 E . Cut-Sets w i th m Weather States 24 F . Extens...

Beydoun, Rami Sami

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

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281

[Article 1 of 7: Motivates and Includes the Consumer]  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 of 7: Research on the Characteristics of a Modern Grid by the NETL 2 of 7: Research on the Characteristics of a Modern Grid by the NETL Modern Grid Strategy Team Accommodates All Generation and Storage Options Last month we presented the first Principal Characteristic of a Modern Grid, "Motivates and Includes the Consumer". This month we present a second characteristic, "Accommodates All Generation and Storage Options". This characteristic will fundamentally transition today's grid from a centralized model for generation to one that also has a more balanced contribution from decentralized generation and storage. This characteristic, along with the other six, define a Modern Grid that will power the 21 st Century economy. For a more detailed discussion on "Accommodates All Generation and Storage Options", please see:

282

Search for Earth-like planets includes LANL star analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search for earth-like planets Search for earth-like planets Search for Earth-like planets includes LANL star analysis The mission will not only be able to search for planets around other stars, but also yield new insights into the parent stars themselves. March 6, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

283

Notices ROUTINE USES OF RECORDS MAINTAINED IN THE SYSTEM, INCLUDING  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

83 Federal Register 83 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 51 / Friday, March 15, 2013 / Notices ROUTINE USES OF RECORDS MAINTAINED IN THE SYSTEM, INCLUDING CATEGORIES OF USERS AND THE PURPOSES OF SUCH USES: The Department may disclose information contained in a record in this system of records under the routine uses listed in this system of records without the consent of the individual if the disclosure is compatible with the purposes for which the record was collected. These disclosures may be made on a case-by-case basis or, if the Department has complied with the computer matching requirements of the Privacy Act of 1974, as amended (Privacy Act), under a computer matching agreement. Any disclosure of individually identifiable information from a record in this system must also comply with the requirements of section

284

Including stereoscopic information in the reconstruction of coronal magnetic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a method to include stereoscopic information about the three dimensional structure of flux tubes into the reconstruction of the coronal magnetic field. Due to the low plasma beta in the corona we can assume a force free magnetic field, with the current density parallel to the magnetic field lines. Here we use linear force free fields for simplicity. The method uses the line of sight magnetic field on the photosphere as observational input. The value of $\\alpha$ is determined iteratively by comparing the reconstructed magnetic field with the observed structures. The final configuration is the optimal linear force solution constrained by both the photospheric magnetogram and the observed plasma structures. As an example we apply our method to SOHO MDI/EIT data of an active region. In the future it is planned to apply the method to analyse data from the SECCHI instrument aboard the STEREO mission.

T. Wiegelmann; T. Neukirch

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

285

Electra-optical device including a nitrogen containing electrolyte  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Described is a thin-film battery, especially a thin-film microbattery, and a method for making same having application as a backup or primary integrated power source for electronic devices. The battery includes a novel electrolyte which is electrochemically stable and does not react with the lithium anode and a novel vanadium oxide cathode Configured as a microbattery, the battery can be fabricated directly onto a semiconductor chip, onto the semiconductor die or onto any portion of the chip carrier. The battery can be fabricated to any specified size or shape to meet the requirements of a particular application. The battery is fabricated of solid state materials and is capable of operation between -15.degree. C. and 150.degree. C.

Bates, John B. (Oak Ridge, TN); Dudney, Nancy J. (Knoxville, TN); Gruzalski, Greg R. (Oak Ridge, TN); Luck, Christopher F. (Knoxville, TN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Copper laser modulator driving assembly including a magnetic compression laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser modulator (10) having a low voltage assembly (12) with a plurality of low voltage modules (14) with first stage magnetic compression circuits (20) and magnetic assist inductors (28) with a common core (91), such that timing of the first stage magnetic switches (30b) is thereby synchronized. A bipolar second stage of magnetic compression (42) is coupled to the low voltage modules (14) through a bipolar pulse transformer (36) and a third stage of magnetic compression (44) is directly coupled to the second stage of magnetic compression (42). The low voltage assembly (12) includes pressurized boxes (117) for improving voltage standoff between the primary winding assemblies (34) and secondary winding (40) contained therein.

Cook, Edward G. (Livermore, CA); Birx, Daniel L. (Oakley, CA); Ball, Don G. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Fuel cell repeater unit including frame and separator plate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An example fuel cell repeater includes a separator plate and a frame establishing at least a portion of a flow path that is operative to communicate fuel to or from at least one fuel cell held by the frame relative to the separator plate. The flow path has a perimeter and any fuel within the perimeter flow across the at least one fuel cell in a first direction. The separator plate, the frame, or both establish at least one conduit positioned outside the flow path perimeter. The conduit is outside of the flow path perimeter and is configured to direct flow in a second, different direction. The conduit is fluidly coupled with the flow path.

Yamanis, Jean; Hawkes, Justin R; Chiapetta, Jr., Louis; Bird, Connie E; Sun, Ellen Y; Croteau, Paul F

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

288

Monosporascus root rot/vine decline: a study of double-stranded (DS) RNA and its role in the pathogenesis of Monosporascus cannonballus on muskmelon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monosporascus Root Rot/Vine Decline: A Study of Double-Stranded (ds) RNA and Its Role in the Pathogenesis of Monosporascus cannonballus on Muskmelon. (May 1997) Jeffrey Samuel Batten, B. A. , Trinity University Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Raymond D... hybridization between cDNA clones (pJB14 and pJB38) and dsRNA from M 96+ cannonballus isolate, Ca91-17 55 IV-2 Agarose gel and corresponding northern blot showing hybridization between cDNA clones (pJB27, pJB28, pJB39, and pJB40) and dsRNA from M...

Batten, Jeffrey Samuel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

289

Analytical expressions for the gate utilization factors of passive multiplicity counters including signal build-up  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the realm of nuclear safeguards, passive neutron multiplicity counting using shift register pulse train analysis to nondestructively quantify Pu in product materials is a familiar and widely applied technique. The approach most commonly taken is to construct a neutron detector consisting of {sup 3}He filled cylindrical proportional counters embedded in a high density polyethylene moderator. Fast neutrons from the item enter the moderator and are quickly slowed down, on timescales of the order of 1-2 {micro}s, creating a thermal population which then persists typically for several 10's {micro}s and is sampled by the {sup 3}He detectors. Because the initial transient is of comparatively short duration it has been traditional to treat it as instantaneous and furthermore to approximate the subsequent capture time distribution as exponential in shape. With these approximations simple expressions for the various Gate Utilization Factors (GUFs) can be obtained. These factors represent the proportion of time correlated events i.e. Doubles and Triples signal present in the pulse train that is detected by the coincidence gate structure chosen (predelay and gate width settings of the multiplicity shift register). More complicated expressions can be derived by generalizing the capture time distribution to multiple time components or harmonics typically present in real systems. When it comes to applying passive neutron multiplicity methods to extremely intense (i.e. high emission rate and highly multiplying) neutron sources there is a drive to use detector types with very fast response characteristics in order to cope with the high rates. In addition to short pulse width, detectors with a short capture time profile are also desirable so that a short coincidence gate width can be set in order to reduce the chance or Accidental coincidence signal. In extreme cases, such as might be realized using boron loaded scintillators, the dieaway time may be so short that the build-up (thermalization transient) within the detector cannot be ignored. Another example where signal build-up might be observed is when a {sup 3}He based system is used to track the evolution of the time correlated signal created by a higher multiplying item within a reflective configuration such as the measurement of a spent fuel assembly. In this work we develop expressions for the GUFs which include signal build-up.

Croft, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Evans, Louise G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Schear, Melissa A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

cDNA encoding a polypeptide including a hevein sequence  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cDNA clone (HEV1) encoding hevein was isolated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mixed oligonucleotides corresponding to two regions of hevein as primers and a Hevea brasiliensis latex cDNA library as a template. HEV1 is 1018 nucleotides long and includes an open reading frame of 204 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contains a putative signal sequence of 17 amino acid residues followed by a 187 amino acid polypeptide. The amino-terminal region (43 amino acids) is identical to hevein and shows homology to several chitin-binding proteins and to the amino-termini of wound-induced genes in potato and poplar. The carboxyl-terminal portion of the polypeptide (144 amino acids) is 74-79% homologous to the carboxyl-terminal region of wound-inducible genes of potato. Wounding, as well as application of the plant hormones abscisic acid and ethylene, resulted in accumulation of hevein transcripts in leaves, stems and latex, but not in roots, as shown by using the cDNA as a probe. A fusion protein was produced in E. coli from the protein of the present invention and maltose binding protein produced by the E. coli.

Raikhel, Natasha V. (Okemos, MI); Broekaert, Willem F. (Dilbeek, BE); Chua, Nam-Hai (Scarsdale, NY); Kush, Anil (New York, NY)

1999-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

291

CDNA encoding a polypeptide including a hevein sequence  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cDNA clone (HEV1) encoding hevein was isolated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mixed oligonucleotides corresponding to two regions of hevein as primers and a Hevea brasiliensis latex cDNA library as a template. HEV1 is 1018 nucleotides long and includes an open reading frame of 204 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contains a putative signal sequence of 17 amino acid residues followed by a 187 amino acid polypeptide. The amino-terminal region (43 amino acids) is identical to hevein and shows homology to several chitin-binding proteins and to the amino-termini of wound-induced genes in potato and poplar. The carboxyl-terminal portion of the polypeptide (144 amino acids) is 74-79% homologous to the carboxyl-terminal region of wound-inducible genes of potato. Wounding, as well as application of the plant hormones abscisic acid and ethylene, resulted in accumulation of hevein transcripts in leaves, stems and latex, but not in roots, as shown by using the cDNA as a probe. A fusion protein was produced in E. coli from the protein of the present invention and maltose binding protein produced by the E. coli.

Raikhel, Natasha V. (Okemos, MI); Broekaert, Willem F. (Dilbeek, BE); Chua, Nam-Hai (Scarsdale, NY); Kush, Anil (New York, NY)

1995-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

292

cDNA encoding a polypeptide including a hevein sequence  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cDNA clone (HEV1) encoding hevein was isolated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mixed oligonucleotides corresponding to two regions of hevein as primers and a Hevea brasiliensis latex cDNA library as a template. HEV1 is 1018 nucleotides long and includes an open reading frame of 204 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contains a putative signal sequence of 17 amino acid residues followed by a 187 amino acid polypeptide. The amino-terminal region (43 amino acids) is identical to hevein and shows homology to several chitin-binding proteins and to the amino-termini of wound-induced genes in potato and poplar. The carboxyl-terminal portion of the polypeptide (144 amino acids) is 74--79% homologous to the carboxyl-terminal region of wound-inducible genes of potato. Wounding, as well as application of the plant hormones abscisic acid and ethylene, resulted in accumulation of hevein transcripts in leaves, stems and latex, but not in roots, as shown by using the cDNA as a probe. A fusion protein was produced in E. coli from the protein of the present invention and maltose binding protein produced by the E. coli. 12 figs.

Raikhel, N.V.; Broekaert, W.F.; Chua, N.H.; Kush, A.

1999-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

293

cDNA encoding a polypeptide including a hevein sequence  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cDNA clone (HEV1) encoding hevein was isolated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mixed oligonucleotides corresponding to two regions of hevein as primers and a Hevea brasiliensis latex cDNA library as a template. HEV1 is 1,018 nucleotides long and includes an open reading frame of 204 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contains a putative signal sequence of 17 amino acid residues followed by a 187 amino acid polypeptide. The amino-terminal region (43 amino acids) is identical to hevein and shows homology to several chitin-binding proteins and to the amino-termini of wound-induced genes in potato and poplar. The carboxyl-terminal portion of the polypeptide (144 amino acids) is 74--79% homologous to the carboxyl-terminal region of wound-inducible genes of potato. Wounding, as well as application of the plant hormones abscisic acid and ethylene, resulted in accumulation of hevein transcripts in leaves, stems and latex, but not in roots, as shown by using the cDNA as a probe. A fusion protein was produced in E. coli from the protein of the present invention and maltose binding protein produced by the E. coli. 11 figures.

Raikhel, N.V.; Broekaert, W.F.; Chua, N.H.; Kush, A.

1995-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

294

Extractant composition including crown ether and calixarene extractants  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An extractant composition comprising a mixed extractant solvent consisting of calix[4] arene-bis-(tert-octylbenzo)-crown-6 ("BOBCalixC6"), 4',4',(5')-di-(t-butyldicyclo-hexano)-18-crown-6 ("DtBu18C6"), and at least one modifier dissolved in a diluent. The DtBu18C6 may be present at from approximately 0.01M to approximately 0.4M, such as at from approximately 0.086 M to approximately 0.108 M. The modifier may be 1-(2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropoxy)-3-(4-sec-butylphenoxy)-2-propanol ("Cs-7SB") and may be present at from approximately 0.01M to approximately 0.8M. In one embodiment, the mixed extractant solvent includes approximately 0.15M DtBu18C6, approximately 0.007M BOBCalixC6, and approximately 0.75M Cs-7SB modifier dissolved in an isoparaffinic hydrocarbon diluent. The extractant composition further comprises an aqueous phase. The mixed extractant solvent may be used to remove cesium and strontium from the aqueous phase.

Meikrantz, David H. (Idaho Falls, ID); Todd, Terry A. (Aberdeen, ID); Riddle, Catherine L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Law, Jack D. (Pocalello, ID); Peterman, Dean R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Mincher, Bruce J. (Idaho Falls, ID); McGrath, Christopher A. (Blackfoot, ID); Baker, John D. (Blackfoot, ID)

2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

295

Process simulation of refinery units including chemical reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Process simulation methods for design and operation of refinery units are well established as long as no chemical reactors are included. The feedstocks are divided into pseudo-components which enables calculation of phase equilibria and transport properties. When chemical reactors are present some chemical conversion takes place which obviously affects the nature of the pseudo-components and their properties. The stream leaving the reactor will not only be of a different composition than the stream entering the reactor but in addition, the pseudo-components making up the outlet stream will also have other physical properties than the ones in the inlet stream. These changes affect not only the reactor unit but also the simulation of the whole flow-sheet. The paper presents a detailed model for an adiabatic distillate hydrotreater which takes into account the elemental composition of the feed. A special simulation strategy has been developed to incorporate such reactor units into process simulators. Finally, the simulation strategy is illustrated for a hydrotreating plant.

Jens A. Hansen; Barry H. Cooper

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Persistence of magnons in a site-diluted dimerized frustrated antiferromagnet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present inelastic neutron scattering and thermodynamic measurements characterizing the magnetic excitations in a disordered non-magnetic substituted spin-liquid antiferromagnet. The parent compound Ba3Mn2O8 is a dimerized, quasi-two-dimensional geometrically frustrated quantum disordered antiferromagnet. We substitute this compound with non-magnetic vanadium for the S = 1 manganese atoms, Ba3(Mn1-xVx)2O8, and find that the singlet-triplet excitations which dominate the spectrum of the parent compound persist for the full range of substitution examined, x = 0.02 to 0.3. We also observe additional low-energy magnetic fluctuations which are enhanced at the greatest substitution values. These excitations may be a precursor to a low-temperature random singlet phase which may exist in Ba3(Mn1-xVx)2O8.

Stone, Matthew B [ORNL; Podlesnyak, Andrey A [ORNL; Ehlers, Georg [ORNL; Huq, Ashfia [ORNL; Samulon, Eric C [Stanford University; Shapiro, Max C [Stanford University; Fisher, Ian R [Stanford University

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Large scale dynamics of the Persistent Turning Walker model of fish behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper considers a new model of individual displacement, based on fish motion, the so-called Persistent Turning Walker (PTW) model, which involves an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process on the curvature of the particle trajectory. The goal is to show that its large time and space scale dynamics is of diffusive type, and to provide an analytic expression of the diffusion coefficient. Two methods are investigated. In the first one, we compute the large time asymptotics of the variance of the individual stochastic trajectories. The second method is based on a diffusion approximation of the kinetic formulation of these stochastic trajectories. The kinetic model is a Fokker-Planck type equation posed in an extended phase-space involving the curvature among the kinetic variables. We show that both methods lead to the same value of the diffusion constant. We present some numerical simulations to illustrate the theoretical results.

Pierre Degond; Sébastien Motsch

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

298

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Comparing Two Approaches for Empirical Antifungal Therapy in Hematological Patients with Persistent Febrile Neutropenia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...than the EAT approach in the management of PFN in hematological...allowing for new approaches for the management of this syndrome...the Social Sciences (SPSS, Inc...compare both approaches was performed...complexity of the management of persistent...

Almudena Martín-Peña; M. Victoria Gil-Navarro; Manuela Aguilar-Guisado; Ildefonso Espigado; Maite Ruiz Pérez de Pipaón; José Falantes; Jerónimo Pachón; José M. Cisneros

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

299

Persistent Photoconductivity in Strontium Titanate Marianne C. Tarun, Farida A. Selim, and Matthew D. McCluskey*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Persistent Photoconductivity in Strontium Titanate Marianne C. Tarun, Farida A. Selim, and Matthew was observed in strontium titanate (SrTiO3) single crystals. When exposed to sub-bandgap light (2.9 e, and colossal magnetoresistance [1]. Strontium titanate (SrTiO3), in particular, is the subject of intense

McCluskey, Matthew

300

The impact of groundwater-land surface interactions on hydrologic persistence in macroscale Elizabeth A. Clark and Dennis P. Lettenmaier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

= layer depth z = depth to water table Commonalities: 1)Forcings: Precipitation, Tmax, Tmin, Wind 2)Sub-grid9.08 The impact of groundwater-land surface interactions on hydrologic persistence in macroscale and Energy Fluxes for GSMs, J. Geophys. Res., 99(D7), 14,415-14,428. Niu, G.-Y., Z.-L. Yang, R.E. Dickinson

Washington at Seattle, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Emissions of unintentional persistent organic pollutants from open burning of municipal solid waste from developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Open burning of waste is the most significant source of polychlorinated dibenzo-para-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/PCDF) in many national inventories prepared pursuant to the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants. This is particularly true for developing countries. Emission factors for \\{POPs\\} such as PCDD/PCDF, dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCB) and penta- and hexachlorobenzenes (PeCBz/HCB) from open burning of municipal solid waste in China and Mexico are reported herein. Six different waste sources were studied varying from urban-industrial to semi-urban to rural. For PCDD/PCDF, the emission factors to air ranged from 3.0 to 650 ng TEQ kg?1 waste and for dl-PCB from 0.092 to 54 ng TEQ kg?1 waste. Emission factors for PeCBz (17–1200 ng kg?1 waste) and HCB (24–1300 ng kg?1 waste) spanned a wide but similar range. Within the datasets there is no indication of significant waste composition effect on emission factor with the exception of significantly higher Mexico rural samples.

Tingting Zhang; Heidelore Fiedler; Gang Yu; Gustavo Solorzano Ochoa; William F. Carroll Jr.; Brian K. Gullett; Stellan Marklund; Abderrahmane Touati

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Sorption behaviors of a persistent toxaphene congener on marine sediments under different physicochemical conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Sorptive processes are important parameters affecting the mobility, availability and fate of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), such as toxaphene, in aquatic systems. The sorption and desorption behaviors of the B7-1450, a stable toxaphene congener in environment, on marine sediment was studied under different temperature and salinity conditions to better understand the B-1450 distribution in estuarine systems. The data were fitted to different sorption models to characterize sorption behaviors by evaluating sorption coefficients and sequestrated fraction of B7-1450 on sediments. High carbon-normalized sorption coefficients (Koc) of the B7-1450 were observed with values ranging from 3.2 × 104 to 6.0 × 104 mL g?1 under experimental conditions. The data showed an increase of B7-1450 sorption coefficients with the salinity and a decrease with temperature. These investigations indicate that B7-1450 is three times more sequestred on sediments in cold (2 °C, 30 psu) than in warm marine conditions (20 °C, 30 psu). These results suggest that the mobility and bioavailable of B7-1450 or other \\{POPs\\} from the sediments could be less important in cold marine comparatively in warm marine and warm freshwater media. As a result of climate changes, the warming of mid and high latitudes coastal waters could enhance the mobility of POPs.

Youssouf Djibril Soubaneh; Jean-Pierre Gagné; Michel Lebeuf; Bruno Gouteux; Vladimir Nikiforov; Mohamed Osman Awaleh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Persistent spectral-hole-burning spectroscopy of CuCl quantum cubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A persistent spectral-hole-burning (PSHB) phenomenon was successfully applied to the precise site-selective spectroscopy of CuCl quantum dots embedded in NaCl crystals. In the PSHB spectra of CuCl quantum dots, a resonantly burned hole and lower-energy satellite holes were observed. These satellite holes are supposed to originate from hole burning of the ground states, which results from site-selective excitation of the corresponding excited states of excitons confined in CuCl quantum dots. Energy relation between the resonantly burned hole and each satellite hole is well explained by the simple concept of a particle in a quantum cube with an infinitely high potential barrier. However, actual quantum dots are considered to be a little deviated from cubes, resulting in the violation of the optical selection rule in quantum cubes. A cubic-shaped quantum-dot model is almost consistent with oscillatory fine structures observed in the Z3 exciton absorption band. Its spectral decomposition into the ground state and the first excited state of excitons was made, and showed that the first excited state is in majority at the higher-energy region of the Z3 exciton absorption band. This result was supported by the photoluminescence spectrum of the Z3 exciton.

Naru Sakakura and Yasuaki Masumoto

1997-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

304

First-order quantum phase transitions: test ground for emergent chaoticity, regularity and persisting symmetries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a comprehensive analysis of the emerging order and chaos and enduring symmetries, accompanying a generic (high-barrier) first-order quantum phase transition (QPT). The interacting boson model Hamiltonian employed, describes a QPT between spherical and deformed shapes, associated with its U(5) and SU(3) dynamical symmetry limits. A classical analysis of the intrinsic dynamics reveals a rich but simply-divided phase space structure with a H\\'enon-Heiles type of chaotic dynamics ascribed to the spherical minimum and a robustly regular dynamics ascribed to the deformed minimum. The simple pattern of mixed but well-separated dynamics persists in the coexistence region and traces the crossing of the two minima in the Landau potential. A quantum analysis discloses a number of regular low-energy U(5)-like multiplets in the spherical region, and regular SU(3)-like rotational bands extending to high energies and angular momenta, in the deformed region. These two kinds of regular subsets of states retain their identity amidst a complicated environment of other states and both occur in the coexistence region. A symmetry analysis of their wave functions shows that they are associated with partial U(5) dynamical symmetry (PDS) and SU(3) quasi-dynamical symmetry (QDS), respectively. The pattern of mixed but well-separated dynamics and the PDS or QDS characterization of the remaining regularity, appear to be robust throughout the QPT. Effects of kinetic collective rotational terms, which may disrupt this simple pattern, are considered.

M. Macek; A. Leviatan

2014-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

305

Investigating Deinococcus radiodurans RecA Protein Filament Formation on Double-Stranded DNA by a Real-Time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to desiccation.2 Many hypotheses have been proposed to explain the high- efficiency repair, including a ringlike condensed chromosome structure that could restrict fragment DNA diffusion,3-5 a high Mn2+ concentration: With the aid of an efficient, precise, and almost error-free DNA repair system, Deinococcus radiodurans can

Cox, Michael M.

306

Increased apoptosis and DNA double-strand breaks in the embryonic mouse brain in response to very low-dose X-rays but not 50 Hz magnetic fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...micronucleus formation, mutation induction and single-strand break...generated using a function generator and power amplifier connected...Assuming the same level of DSB induction, we conclude that the difference...low-dose radiation To assess the induction of 53BP1 foci after low-dose...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

COMM-OPINION-ORDER, 75 FERC 61,208, Promoting Wholesale Competition Through Open Access Non-discriminatory Transmission Services by Public Utilities; Recovery of Stranded Costs by Public Utilities and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-discriminatory Transmission Services by Public Utilities; Recovery of Stranded Costs by Public Utilities and Transmitting Utilities, Docket Nos. RM95-8-000 and RM94-7-001, (May 29, 1996) COPYRIGHT 1999, CCH Incorporated Promoting Wholesale Competition Through Open Access Non-discriminatory Transmission Services by Public Utilities

Laughlin, Robert B.

308

ARM: Surface Radiation Measurement Quality Control testing, including climatologically configurable limits  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Surface Radiation Measurement Quality Control testing, including climatologically configurable limits

Hodges, Gary; Stoffel, Tom; Kutchenreiter, Mark; Kay, Bev; Habte, Aron; Ritsche, Michael; Morris, Victor; Anderberg, Mary

309

The Politics of Pipes: The Persistence of Small Water Networks in Post-Privatization Manila  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and management. 5. In micro-network communities, consumersutilities consider micro- network areas served, and includeFigure 3.1. Marilou’s micro-network project in Biñan. Figure

Cheng, Deborah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Factors contributing to T cell persistence in a tolerizing tumor environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for at least 10% of all deaths globally. Current therapies for cancer include surgical excision, chemotherapy and immunotherapy. CD8[+] T cells are adaptive immune ...

Olurinde, Mobolaji O

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Participant Guidelines for C-MORE Scholars Program Note: Persistent abuse of these guidelines will result in your release from the program.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Participant Guidelines for C-MORE Scholars Program Note: Persistent abuse of these guidelines, playing online games, or browsing the internet for pleasure c. Personal phone calls or texting (unless

312

A Follow-up Study on the Persistence of Savings from the Retrocommissioning of Ten Buildings on a University Campus: Preliminary Results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A study has been initiated to provide follow-up analysis on the persistence of savings achieved from the retrocommissioning of ten buildings on a university campus. The buildings were originally commissioned in 1996, and the energy savings achieved...

Claridge, D. E.; Toole, C.

2007-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

313

Induction of DNA Double-Strand Breaks and Cellular Migration Through Bystander Effects in Cells Irradiated With the Slit-Type Microplanar Beam of the Spring-8 Synchrotron  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To determine whether glioma cells irradiated with a microplanar X-ray beam exert bystander effects. Methods and Materials: Microplanar beam irradiation of glioma cells in vitro was done using the SPring-8 synchrotron radiation facility. The amount of DNA double-strand breaks (dsbs) was measured by the fluorescence intensity of phosphorylated H2AX or the number of 53BP1 foci. The dose distribution in a cell population exposed to a single microplanar beam was determined by the amount of phosphorylated H2AX-positive cells. Bystander effects were determined by counting the number of 53BP1 foci in nonirradiated cells treated with conditioned medium from cultures of irradiated cells. Results: More DNA dsbs were detected in cells adjacent to an area irradiated by the single beam than in cells in distant, nonirradiated areas as a result of bystander effects caused by scattered X-rays and DNA dsbs. In support of this, more 53BP1 foci were observed in nonirradiated, conditioned medium-treated cells than in control cells (i.e., cells not treated with irradiation or conditioned medium). These results suggest that DNA dsbs were induced in nonirradiated cells by soluble factors in the culture medium. In addition, we observed cellular migration into areas irradiated with peak doses, suggesting that irradiated cells send signals that cause nonirradiated cells to migrate toward damaged cells. Conclusions: Bystander effects are produced by factors secreted as a result of slit-type microplanar X-ray beam irradiation.

Kashino, Genro [Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Osaka (Japan)], E-mail: kashino@rri.kyoto-u.ac.jp; Kondoh, Takeshi [Department of Neurosurgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe University, Kobe (Japan); Nariyama, Nobuteru; Umetani, Keiji; Ohigashi, Takuji [Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Hyogo (Japan); Shinohara, Kunio [Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Hyogo (Japan); Advanced Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo (Japan); Kurihara, Ai; Fukumoto, Manabu [Department of Pathology, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan); Tanaka, Hiroki; Maruhashi, Akira; Suzuki, Minoru; Kinashi, Yuko; Liu Yong; Masunaga, Shin-ichiro; Watanabe, Masami; Ono, Koji [Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Osaka (Japan)

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

The impact of nanoperforation on persistent photoconductivity and optical quenching effects in suspended GaN nanomembranes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on fabrication of suspended ?15?nm thick GaN membranes nanoperforated in an ordered fashion using direct writing of negative charges by focused ion beam and subsequent photoelectrochemical etching of GaN epilayers. Both continuous and nanoperforated membranes exhibit persistent photoconductivity (PPC), which can be optically quenched under excitation by 546?nm radiation. Optical quenching of PPC occurs also under relatively intense intrinsic excitation of nanoperforated membranes by 355?nm radiation at T?

Volciuc, Olesea, E-mail: olesea.volciuc@gmail.com [Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Bremen, Bremen 28334 (Germany) [Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Bremen, Bremen 28334 (Germany); National Center for Materials Study and Testing, Technical University of Moldova, Chisinau 2004 (Moldova, Republic of); Braniste, Tudor [National Center for Materials Study and Testing, Technical University of Moldova, Chisinau 2004 (Moldova, Republic of)] [National Center for Materials Study and Testing, Technical University of Moldova, Chisinau 2004 (Moldova, Republic of); Tiginyanu, Ion, E-mail: tiginyanu@asm.md [National Center for Materials Study and Testing, Technical University of Moldova, Chisinau 2004 (Moldova, Republic of) [National Center for Materials Study and Testing, Technical University of Moldova, Chisinau 2004 (Moldova, Republic of); Institute of Electronic Engineering and Nanotechnologies, Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Chisinau 2028 (Moldova, Republic of); Stevens-Kalceff, Marion A. [School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052 (Australia)] [School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052 (Australia); Ebeling, Jakob; Aschenbrenner, Timo; Hommel, Detlef; Gutowski, Jürgen [Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Bremen, Bremen 28334 (Germany)] [Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Bremen, Bremen 28334 (Germany); Ursaki, Veaceslav [Institute of Applied Physics, Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Chisinau 2028 (Moldova, Republic of)] [Institute of Applied Physics, Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Chisinau 2028 (Moldova, Republic of)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

315

Behavioral Change and Building Performance: Strategies for Significant, Persistent, and Measurable Institutional Change  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Report provides scientific evidence for what works in changing Federal workplace practices to be more energy-efficient, as well as practical guidance for planning and implementing change. This report was written by scientists and included input from members of the National Science and Technology Council.

316

E-Print Network 3.0 - alginate scaffold including Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

created through a three step process which included: treatment... ; and exposure to a CaCl2 to crosslink the alginate sheets. Process variables included volume and concentra-...

317

E-Print Network 3.0 - actinides including cm Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: of waste actinides. Such damage can be studied by many techniques, including heavy-ionfast neutron... were presented and proposed, including; Fundamental studies...

318

Common Data Set 2011-2012 J Column heading for CIP categories to include now reads: CIP 2010 Categories to Include  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Common Data Set 2011-2012 J Column heading for CIP categories to include now reads: CIP 2010 Categories to Include J CIP category 3 description now reads: Natural resources and conservation J CIP category 5 description now reads: Area, ethnic, and gender studies J CIP category 16 description now reads

319

Composite materials and bodies including silicon carbide and titanium diboride and methods of forming same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of forming composite materials include coating particles of titanium dioxide with a substance including boron (e.g., boron carbide) and a substance including carbon, and reacting the titanium dioxide with the substance including boron and the substance including carbon to form titanium diboride. The methods may be used to form ceramic composite bodies and materials, such as, for example, a ceramic composite body or material including silicon carbide and titanium diboride. Such bodies and materials may be used as armor bodies and armor materials. Such methods may include forming a green body and sintering the green body to a desirable final density. Green bodies formed in accordance with such methods may include particles comprising titanium dioxide and a coating at least partially covering exterior surfaces thereof, the coating comprising a substance including boron (e.g., boron carbide) and a substance including carbon.

Lillo, Thomas M.; Chu, Henry S.; Harrison, William M.; Bailey, Derek

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

320

SBIR/STTR FY15 Release 1 Awards Announced-Includes Fuel Cell...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

FY15 Release 1 Awards Announced-Includes Fuel Cell Catalyst and Hydrogen Contamination Detection R&D SBIRSTTR FY15 Release 1 Awards Announced-Includes Fuel Cell Catalyst and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

SBIR/STTR Release 2 Topics Announced-Includes Hydrogen and Fuel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Release 2 Topics Announced-Includes Hydrogen and Fuel Cells SBIRSTTR Release 2 Topics Announced-Includes Hydrogen and Fuel Cells October 31, 2014 - 12:05pm Addthis The 2015 Small...

322

Persistent photoconductivity, the Staebler-Wronski effect, and long-range disorder in a-Si:H  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report measurements of the conductivity, thermopower, and conductance fluctuations before and after light exposure for a-Si:H samples that show either persistent photoconductivity (PPC) or a Staebler-Wronski effect. Both the conductivity and thermopower are changed by light exposure, but no change is observed in the difference between the conductivity and thermopower activation energies for any of the samples studied here. This suggests that the long-range disorder is unaffected by light exposure. For some samples, the magnitude or statistical properties of the conductance fluctuations are affected by light exposure. They compare these results to previous studies of the Staebler-Wronski effect and discuss their implications for models of the light-induced changes and the l/f noise in a-Si:H.

Quicker, D.; West, P.W.; Kakalios, J.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

E-Print Network 3.0 - anti-platelet therapy including Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

management including exercise, cognitive behavioral therapy 3. ... Source: Messersmith, Phillip B.- Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University...

324

Photovoltaic Device Including A Boron Doping Profile In An I-Type Layer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic cell for use in a single junction or multijunction photovoltaic device, which includes a p-type layer of a semiconductor compound including silicon, an i-type layer of an amorphous semiconductor compound including silicon, and an n-type layer of a semiconductor compound including silicon formed on the i-type layer. The i-type layer including an undoped first sublayer formed on the p-type layer, and a boron-doped second sublayer formed on the first sublayer.

Yang, Liyou (Lawrenceville, NJ)

1993-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

325

Protective effects of pulmonary epithelial lining fluid on oxidative stress and DNA single-strand breaks caused by ultrafine carbon black, ferrous sulphate and organic extract of diesel exhaust particles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pulmonary epithelial lining fluid (ELF) is the first substance to make contact with inhaled particulate matter (PM) and interacts chemically with PM components. The objective of this study was to determine the role of ELF in oxidative stress, DNA damage and the production of proinflammatory cytokines following physicochemical exposure to PM. Ultrafine carbon black (ufCB, 15 nm; a model carbonaceous core), ferrous sulphate (FeSO{sub 4}; a model transition metal) and a diesel exhaust particle (DEP) extract (a model organic compound) were used to examine the acellular oxidative potential of synthetic ELF and non-ELF systems. We compared the effects of exposure to ufCB, FeSO{sub 4} and DEP extract on human alveolar epithelial Type II (A549) cells to determine the levels of oxidative stress, DNA single-strand breaks and interleukin-8 (IL-8) production in ELF and non-ELF systems. The effects of ufCB and FeSO{sub 4} on the acellular oxidative potential, cellular oxidative stress and DNA single-strand breakage were mitigated significantly by the addition of ELF, whereas there was no decrease following treatment with the DEP extract. There was no significant effect on IL-8 production following exposure to samples that were suspended in ELF/non-ELF systems. The results of the present study indicate that ELF plays an important role in the initial defence against PM in the pulmonary environment. Experimental components, such as ufCB and FeSO{sub 4}, induced the production of oxidative stress and led to DNA single-strand breaks, which were moderately prevented by the addition of ELF. These findings suggest that ELF plays a protective role against PM-driven oxidative stress and DNA damage. -- Highlights: ? To determine the role of ELF in ROS, DNA damage and IL-8 after exposure to PM. ? ufCB, FeSO{sub 4} and DEP extract were used to examine the protective effects of ELF. ? PM-driven oxidative stress and DNA single-strand breakage were mitigated by ELF. ? The findings suggest that ELF has a protective role against PM. ? The synthetic ELF system could reduce the use of animals in PM-driven ROS testing.

Chuang, Hsiao-Chi [School of Respiratory Therapy, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [School of Respiratory Therapy, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Cheng, Yi-Ling; Lei, Yu-Chen [Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)] [Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Chang, Hui-Hsien [Institute of Environmental Health, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)] [Institute of Environmental Health, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Cheng, Tsun-Jen, E-mail: tcheng@ntu.edu.tw [Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Department of Public Health, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

NREL/Ventyx Utility Rates: What is included? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL/Ventyx Utility Rates: What is included? NREL/Ventyx Utility Rates: What is included? Home > Groups > Utility Rate Does anyone know what pieces of electric rates are included in the NREL/Ventyx database of rates by utility, i.e. is it supply only or does the file include supply, transmission & distribution costs? Thanks! Submitted by Vbugnion on 27 February, 2013 - 16:25 1 answer Points: 1 Hi Vbugnion, Just to clarify, you're not asking about the OpenEI utility rates, but rather the Ventyx rates found here: http://developer.nrel.gov/doc/api/georeserv/service/utility_rates If so, then the Ventyx rates do include all bundled rates (which includes supply, trans, and distr costs). However, there's a small but non-zero possibility that a few energy-only or delivery-only rates may not have been cleaned

327

DOE Order 440. 1 B: Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including NNSA)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0. 1 B: Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including 0. 1 B: Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including NNSA) Federal Employees DOE Order 440. 1 B: Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including NNSA) Federal Employees Stakeholders: DOE and NNSA employees Scope: DOE Order 440.1 B establishes the framework for an effective worker protection program that will reduce or prevent injuries, illnesses, and accidental losses by providing Department of Energy, including National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Federal workers with a safe and healthful workplace. Summary: Among the requirements of DOE Order 440.1 B, the Department must provide its employees, including NNSA, a number of protections relating to whistle blowing guidelines. The relevant section of requirements includes: 4. REQUIREMENTS. DOE elements must:

328

Photovoltaic module kit including connector assembly for non-penetrating array installation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A PV module kit for non-penetrating rooftop installation, including a plurality of PV modules and a plurality of connectors. Each of the PV modules includes a PV laminate and a frame forming a mounting region assembled thereto. The connectors include a male connector having a male fastener extending from a head, and a female connector having a female fastener assembled within a head. The heads are entirely formed of plastic. The kit provides a mounted array state including a junction at which the mounting region of at least two of the PV modules are aligned and interconnected by engagement of the male connector with the female connector. The so-formed junction is substantially electrically insulated. The plurality of connectors can further include a spacer connector including a head forming a bore sized to slidably receive the male fastener, with all of the connector heads being identical.

Botkin, Jonathan (El Cerrito, CA); Graves, Simon (Berkeley, CA); Danning, Matt (Oakland, CA); Culligan, Matthew (Berkeley, CA)

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

329

Photovoltaic module kit including connector assembly for non-penetrating array installation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A PV module kit for non-penetrating rooftop installation, including a plurality of PV modules and a plurality of connectors. Each of the PV modules includes a PV laminate and a frame forming a mounting region assembled thereto. The connectors include a male connector having a male fastener extending from a head, and a female connector having a female fastener assembled within a head. The heads are entirely formed of plastic. The kit provides a mounted array state including a junction at which the mounting region of at least two of the PV modules are aligned and interconnected by engagement of the male connector with the female connector. The so-formed junction is substantially electrically insulated. The plurality of connectors can further include a spacer connector including a head forming a bore sized to slidably receive the male fastener, with all of the connector heads being identical.

Botkin, Jonathan; Graves, Simon; Danning, Matt; Culligan, Matthew

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

330

Photovoltaic module kit including connector assembly for non-penetrating array installation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A PV module kit for non-penetrating rooftop installation, including a plurality of PV modules and a plurality of connectors. Each of the PV modules includes a PV laminate and a frame forming a mounting region assembled thereto. The connectors include a male connector having a male fastener extending from a head, and a female connector having a female fastener assempbled within a head. The heads are entirely formed of plastic. The kit provides a mounted array state including a junction at which the mounting regions of at least two of the PV modules are aligned and interconnected by engagement of the male connector with the female connector. The so-formed junction is substantially electrically insulated. The plurality of connectors can further include a spacer connector including a head forming a bore sized slidably receive the male fastener, with all of the connector heads being identical.

Botkin, Jonathan; Graves, Simon; Danning, Matt; Culligan, Matthew

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

331

Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 132(3), 2005, pp. 442457 Fire and persistence of montane chaparral in mixed conifer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of montane chaparral in mixed conifer forest landscapes in the northern Sierra Nevada, Lake Tahoe Basin and persistence of montane chaparral in mixed conifer forest land- scapes in the northern Sierra Nevada, Lake severe fire. Fires have been excluded from mixed conifer forests for nearly a century because

Taylor, Alan

332

Combining Single-Molecule Optical Trapping and Small-Angle X-Ray Scattering Measurements to Compute the Persistence Length of a Protein  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and purification For small-angle x-ray scattering and circular dichroism ER/K a-helix sequences from the myosin VICombining Single-Molecule Optical Trapping and Small-Angle X-Ray Scattering Measurements to Compute. In this study, we quantify this flexibility in terms of persistence length, namely the length scale over which

Spudich, James A.

333

E-Print Network 3.0 - anu including biomedical Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Centre... -Europe Meeting (ASEM) process. Some of her recent publications include "EU-ASEAN Relations and Policy Learning... to ASEAN Economic Community - Is ASEAN moving towards...

334

E-Print Network 3.0 - approach including plasma Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

plasmas confined... to mi crocavities has provided a pathway to new optoelectronic devices, including hybrid Source: Shyy, Wei - Department of Aerospace Engineering,...

335

E-Print Network 3.0 - abdominal surgery including Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

reality allows... , a virtual reality laparoscopic surgery simulator that includes a brand new educational component, to assist... . Virtual reality simulators for...

336

E-Print Network 3.0 - african countries including Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

biofuel drive raises risk of eviction for African farmers Summary: by next year. In Africa, countries including Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa... to...

337

Custom Detector Technology LASP satellite instruments include a wide range of technology,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Custom Detector Technology LASP satellite instruments include a wide range of technology, including particles, electric fields, and dust particles in space. Low-noise detectors are critical technology for our Extremely low-noise CCDs and intensified CCDs have flown on SDO for observing solar EUV and on AIM

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

338

Neutron Star Matter Including Delta Isobars Guang-Zhou Liu1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutron Star Matter Including Delta Isobars Guang-Zhou Liu1,2 , Wei Liu1 and En-Guang Zhao2 1 a new phase structure of neutron star matter including nucleons and delta isobars is presented. Particle fractions populated and pion condensations in neutron star matter are investgated in this model

Xu, Ren-Xin

339

Hybrid approach for including electronic and nuclear quantum effects in molecular dynamics simulations of hydrogen transfer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid approach for including electronic and nuclear quantum effects in molecular dynamics January 2001 A hybrid approach for simulating proton and hydride transfer reactions in enzymes coefficient and to investigate the real-time dynamics of reactive trajectories. This hybrid approach includes

Hammes-Schiffer, Sharon

340

Red-Tide Research Summarized to 1964 Including an Annotated Bibliography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

535^ Red-Tide Research Summarized to 1964 Including an Annotated Bibliography By George A, Harold E. Crowther, Acting Director Red-Tide Research Summarized to 1964 Including an Annotated Historical 2 General conditions during red-tide outbreaks 3 Temperature 3 Salinity 3 Rainfall 4 Wind 4 Light

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Life Cycle environmental Assessment (LCA) of sanitation systems including sewerage: Case of vertical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Life Cycle environmental Assessment (LCA) of sanitation systems including sewerage: Case The article presents the application of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to a complete sanitation system including the sewer network. It first describes the LCA hypothesis which concerns two types of waste water

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

342

OFFICE USE ONLY: Date Entered: App Rating: Complete Incomplete Documents Included  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OFFICE USE ONLY: Date Entered: App Rating: Complete Incomplete Documents Included: Declaration/ Assessment APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS: 1. All supporting documentation must be included with the application printed from BearTracks 2. Have you signed the Declaration and Consent form on the last page

MacMillan, Andrew

343

Introduction Apis mellifera L. is native to Europe, Africa, and Asia (including Saudi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Apis mellifera L. is native to Europe, Africa, and Asia (including Saudi Arabia, Iran migrations and introductions (Ruttner, 1988). Apis mellifera includes about two dozen subspecies bee (Apis mellifera L.) populations from the USA Allen L Szalanski1* and Roxane M Magnus1 1 Social

Szalanski, Allen L.

344

What are the symptoms of flu? Symptoms include sudden onset of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What are the symptoms of flu? · Symptoms include sudden onset of: o fever/chills o cough o muscle lasting 5 or more days (measured with a thermometer; 37.0 Celsius is normal) · Coughing up blood that improve but then return with fever and worse cough Those in high risk groups including pregnant women

Ellis, Randy

345

Small-signal dynamic model of a micro-grid including conventional and electronically  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Small-signal dynamic model of a micro-grid including conventional and electronically interfaced-signal modelling of a micro-grid system that includes conventional (rotating machine) and electronically interfaced deviations in the overall system model and provides a methodology for the analysis of autonomous micro-grid

Lehn, Peter W.

346

T-603: Mac OS X Includes Some Invalid Comodo Certificates | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

03: Mac OS X Includes Some Invalid Comodo Certificates 03: Mac OS X Includes Some Invalid Comodo Certificates T-603: Mac OS X Includes Some Invalid Comodo Certificates April 15, 2011 - 1:46am Addthis PROBLEM: Mac OS X Includes Some Invalid Comodo Certificates PLATFORM: For Mac OS X Server v10.5.8, Mac OS X v10.5.8, Mac OS X v10.6.7 and Mac OS X Server v10.6.7 ABSTRACT: The operating system includes some invalid certificates. The vulnerability is due to the invalid certificates and not the operating system itself. Other browsers, applications, and operating systems are affected. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1025362 APPLE-SA-2011-04-14-4 Security Update 2011-002 Apple Support Downloads IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A partner of Comodo with Registration Authority capabilities suffered an internal security breach and the attacker caused seven certificates to be

347

Property:Number of Plants Included in Planned Estimate | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plants Included in Planned Estimate Plants Included in Planned Estimate Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Number of Plants Included in Planned Estimate Property Type String Description Number of plants included in the estimate of planned capacity per GEA Pages using the property "Number of Plants Included in Planned Estimate" Showing 21 pages using this property. A Alaska Geothermal Region + 3 + C Cascades Geothermal Region + 1 + Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region + 4 + G Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region + 7 + H Hawaii Geothermal Region + 1 + Holocene Magmatic Geothermal Region + 4 + I Idaho Batholith Geothermal Region + 1 + N Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region + 9 + Northern Rockies Geothermal Region + 0 + Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region + 6 +

348

Systems and strippable coatings for decontaminating structures that include porous material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of removing contaminant matter from porous materials include applying a polymer material to a contaminated surface, irradiating the contaminated surface to cause redistribution of contaminant matter, and removing at least a portion of the polymer material from the surface. Systems for decontaminating a contaminated structure comprising porous material include a radiation device configured to emit electromagnetic radiation toward a surface of a structure, and at least one spray device configured to apply a capture material onto the surface of the structure. Polymer materials that can be used in such methods and systems include polyphosphazine-based polymer materials having polyphosphazine backbone segments and side chain groups that include selected functional groups. The selected functional groups may include iminos, oximes, carboxylates, sulfonates, .beta.-diketones, phosphine sulfides, phosphates, phosphites, phosphonates, phosphinates, phosphine oxides, monothio phosphinic acids, and dithio phosphinic acids.

Fox, Robert V. (Idaho Falls, ID); Avci, Recep (Bozeman, MT); Groenewold, Gary S. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

349

ROSAT monitoring of persistent giant and rapid variability in the narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy IRAS 13224-3809  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report evidence for persistent giant and rapid X-ray variability in the radio-quiet, ultrasoft, strong Fe II, narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy IRAS 13224-3809. Within a 30 day ROSAT High Resolution Imager (HRI) monitoring observation at least five giant amplitude count rate variations are visible, with the maximum observed amplitude of variability being about a factor of 60. We detect a rise by a factor of about 57 in just two days. IRAS 13224-3809 appears to be the most X-ray variable Seyfert known, and its variability is probably nonlinear. We carefully check the identification of the highly variable X-ray source with the distant galaxy, and it appears to be secure. We examine possible explanations for the giant variability. Unusually strong relativistic effects and partial covering by occulting structures on an accretion disc can provide plausible explanations of the X-ray data, and we explore these two scenarios. Relativistic boosting effects may be relevant to understanding the strong X-ray variability of some steep spectrum Seyferts more generally.

Th. Boller; W. N. Brandt; A. C. Fabian; H. H. Fink

1997-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

350

Energy Department Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include 1-800  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include 1-800 Number: 1-800-244-3301 Energy Department Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include 1-800 Number: 1-800-244-3301 September 6, 2005 - 9:50am Addthis Washington, DC - Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman announced today that the Department of Energy has expanded its gas gouging reporting system to include a toll-free telephone hotline. The hotline is available to American consumers starting today. "While we've largely seen the best of American generosity and unity throughout the recovery effort, we recognize that there are some bad actors that may try to take advantage of the situation. Consumers are our first line of defense in guarding against gas price gouging. I can assure you, our Administration - from the President down - takes this issue very

351

Counselling Psychology Practicum The Counselling Psychology program includes two practicum placements. These placements allow you to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Counselling Psychology Practicum The Counselling Psychology program includes two practicum development in real counselling settings. The general goal of the Counselling Psychology Practica. Students in the Master of Education (Counselling Psychology) program are responsible for making their own

Morris, Joy

352

A simulation study of the solar wind including the solar rotation effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An axisymmetric solar wind structure including the solar rotation effect is studied by the method of MHD computer simulation. For the case of the radial magnetic field configuration, the simulation result is fair...

H. Washimi; T. Sakurai

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Data and analysis on energy usage included: Taking readings on energy each minute  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appendix B Data and analysis on energy usage included: § Taking readings on energy each minute § 14 usage at the schools we monitored. The usage is compared to the PIER target, Title 24, and Ashrae 90

354

Automated solar collector installation design including ability to define heterogeneous design preferences  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Embodiments may include systems and methods to create and edit a representation of a worksite, to create various data objects, to classify such objects as various types of pre -defined "features" with attendant properties and layout constraints. As part of or in addition to classification, an embodiment may include systems and methods to create, associate, and edit intrinsic and extrinsic properties to these objects. A design engine may apply of design rules to the features described above to generate one or more solar collectors installation design alternatives, including generation of on-screen and/or paper representations of the physical layout or arrangement of the one or more design alternatives. Embodiments may also include definition of one or more design apertures, each of which may correspond to boundaries in which solar collector layouts should comply with distinct sets of user-defined design preferences. Distinct apertures may provide heterogeneous regions of collector layout according to the user-defined design preferences.

Wayne, Gary; Frumkin, Alexander; Zaydman, Michael; Lehman, Scott; Brenner, Jules

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

355

Automated solar collector installation design including ability to define heterogeneous design preferences  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Embodiments may include systems and methods to create and edit a representation of a worksite, to create various data objects, to classify such objects as various types of pre-defined "features" with attendant properties and layout constraints. As part of or in addition to classification, an embodiment may include systems and methods to create, associate, and edit intrinsic and extrinsic properties to these objects. A design engine may apply of design rules to the features described above to generate one or more solar collectors installation design alternatives, including generation of on-screen and/or paper representations of the physical layout or arrangement of the one or more design alternatives. Embodiments may also include definition of one or more design apertures, each of which may correspond to boundaries in which solar collector layouts should comply with distinct sets of user-defined design preferences. Distinct apertures may provide heterogeneous regions of collector layout according to the user-defined design preferences.

Wayne, Gary; Frumkin, Alexander; Zaydman, Michael; Lehman, Scott; Brenner, Jules

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

356

AMO Issues Request for Information on Clean Energy Manufacturing Topics, Including Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Applications  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The AMO seeks information on mid-Technology Readiness Level R&D needs, market challenges, supply chain challenges, and shared facility needs addressing clean energy manufacturing topics, including the fuel cell and hydrogen sectors.

357

Modeling the Interaction between the Atmospheric and Oceanic Boundary Layers, Including a Surface Wave Layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The interaction between the atmospheric and oceanic boundary layers is simulated by solving a closed system of equations including equations of motion, turbulent kinetic energy (TKE), turbulent exchange coefficient (TEC), expressions for air and ...

Le Ngoc Ly

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Diffractive laser beam homogenizer including a photo-active material and method of fabricating the same  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method of manufacturing a plurality of diffractive optical elements includes providing a partially transmissive slide, providing a first piece of PTR glass, and directing first UV radiation through the partially transmissive slide to impinge on the first piece of PTR glass. The method also includes exposing predetermined portions of the first piece of PTR glass to the first UV radiation and thermally treating the exposed first piece of PTR glass. The method further includes providing a second piece of PTR glass and directing second UV radiation through the thermally treated first piece of PTR glass to impinge on the second piece of PTR glass. The method additionally includes exposing predetermined portions of the second piece of PTR glass to the second UV radiation, thermally treating the exposed second piece of PTR glass, and repeating providing and processing of the second piece of PTR glass using additional pieces of PTR glass.

Bayramian, Andy J; Ebbers, Christopher A; Chen, Diana C

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

359

FEMP Expands ESPC ENABLE Program to Include More Energy Conservation Measures  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program announced the expansion of the Energy Savings Performance Contract ENABLE program to include two new energy conservation measures.

360

E-Print Network 3.0 - approach including back-translation Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

include the back-translation, is always available for later inspection.) They can... safeguard against translation errors, we supply a back-translation, or re-translation of the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

includes gravity, there are other interesting consequences of this line of argument. One  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

includes gravity, there are other interesting consequences of this line of argument. One f there is any truth to the adage that `practice makes perfect', we should cer- tainly be near

Murray, Richard

362

Mineral balances, including in drinking water, estimated for Merced County dairy herds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of daily mineral intake, drinking-water mineral contributionND Total daily intake, including minerals in drinking water.mineral contents in drinking water and daily drinking-water

Castillo, Alejandro R Dr.; Santos, Jose Eduardo P.; Tabone, Tom J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Sonoma Persistent Surveillance System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sonoma offers the first cost-effective, broad-area, high-resolution, real-time motion imagery system for surveillance applications. Sonoma is unique in its ability to provide continuous, real-time video imagery of an area the size of a small city with resolutions sufficient to track 8,000 moving objects in the field of view. At higher resolutions and over smaller areas, Sonoma can even track the movement of individual people. The visual impact of the data available from Sonoma is already causing a paradigm shift in the architecture and operation of other surveillance systems. Sonoma is expected to cost just one-tenth the price of comparably sized sensor systems. Cameras mounted on an airborne platform constantly monitor an area, feeding data to the ground for real-time analysis. Sonoma was designed to provide real-time data for actionable intelligence in situations such as monitoring traffic, special events, border security, and harbors. If a Sonoma system had been available in the aftermath of the Katrina and Rita hurricanes, emergency responders would have had real-time information on roads, water levels, and traffic conditions, perhaps saving many lives.

Pennington, D M

2006-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

364

Persistent exciton-type many-body interactions in GaAs quantum wells measured using two-dimensional optical spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Studies have shown that many-body interactions among semiconductor excitons can produce distinct features in two-dimensional optical spectra. However, to the best of our knowledge, the dynamics of many-body interactions have not been measured in two-dimensional (2D) spectroscopy studies. Here we measure 2D spectra of GaAs quantum wells at many different “waiting” times and study the time dependence of the spectral features. Characteristic signatures of exciton polarization correlations manifest in the diagonal peaks decay at the exciton dephasing rate, consistent with theoretical predictions. Other many-body interactions manifest in off-diagonal features decay much more slowly. These persistent off-diagonal features must be due to many-body interactions involving exciton populations, and their persistence cannot be predicted by theoretical descriptions restricted to the coherent limit.

Daniel B. Turner; Patrick Wen; Dylan H. Arias; Keith A. Nelson; Hebin Li; Galan Moody; Mark E. Siemens; Steven T. Cundiff

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

365

Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen Case  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen Case Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: System & Application Design Website: www.leonardo-energy.org/webinar-introduction-small-scale-wind-energy-s Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/introduction-small-scale-wind-energy- Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Project Development This video teaches the viewer about wind turbines and RETscreen's wind module, which can be used to project the cost and production of a wind

366

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Includes $4.5 billion for the  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Includes $4.5 billion The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Includes $4.5 billion for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Includes $4.5 billion for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability February 25, 2009 - 4:52pm Addthis President Barack Obama signed into law the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (P.L.111-5). The $787 billion economic recovery package represents the largest and most ambitious effort to stimulate the economy in United States history. The Department of Energy (DOE) will be responsible for implementing over $38 billion of the $787 billion package. Of the DOE total, $4.5 Billion is allotted to the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. As outlined in the legislation, these funds are an investment in a

367

Order Module--DOE O 440.1B, WORKER PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DOE (INCLUDING  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

40.1B, WORKER PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DOE 40.1B, WORKER PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DOE (INCLUDING NNSA) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES Order Module--DOE O 440.1B, WORKER PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DOE (INCLUDING NNSA) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES The familiar level of this module is divided into two sections. In the first section, we will discuss the objective, requirements, and the responsibilities assigned to the heads of field elements. In the second section, we will discuss the content of attachment 1, Functional Area Requirements. We have provided examples and a practice to help familiarize you with the material. The practice will also help prepare you for the criterion test. DOE Order Self Study Modules - DOE O 440.1B, Worker Protection Management for DOE (Including the National Nuclear Security Administration) Federal Employees

368

1) What are the current and future communications needs of utilities, including  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

(1) What are the current and future communications needs of utilities, including for the (1) What are the current and future communications needs of utilities, including for the deployment of new Smart Grid applications, and how are these needs being met? The current communication needs of SCE include: telephony, data, video, voice dispatch, mobile data, grid monitoring, grid control, tele-protection, customer communication, load management, automated meter reading, and collaboration capabilities ranging from virtual meetings to e-learning. SCE is using a combination of private, leased, and shared telecommunication networks to support these requirements. Those applications that require high availability, low latency, and stringent security rely on a private telecommunications network (SCEnet). A combination of transport media are

369

Order Module--DOE O 440.1B, WORKER PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DOE (INCLUDING  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Order Module--DOE O 440.1B, WORKER PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DOE Order Module--DOE O 440.1B, WORKER PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DOE (INCLUDING NNSA) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES Order Module--DOE O 440.1B, WORKER PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DOE (INCLUDING NNSA) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES The familiar level of this module is divided into two sections. In the first section, we will discuss the objective, requirements, and the responsibilities assigned to the heads of field elements. In the second section, we will discuss the content of attachment 1, Functional Area Requirements. We have provided examples and a practice to help familiarize you with the material. The practice will also help prepare you for the criterion test. DOE Order Self Study Modules - DOE O 440.1B, Worker Protection Management for DOE (Including the National Nuclear Security Administration) Federal

370

C3E also includes a network of leaders from the public, private, non-profit  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

C3E also includes a network of leaders from the public, private, non-profit, C3E also includes a network of leaders from the public, private, non-profit, and academic sectors who support advocacy, research, scholarships, hands-on training, funding, and networking opportunities to prepare and inspire young women to enter and thrive in STEM fields. C3E Network participants have pledged many types of commitments, from highlighting female role models to creating hands-on activities for young girls. Ongoing activities include: * Filming and featuring women in clean energy fields on online / TV outlets (Earth Day Network); * Designing pilot projects and expanding Young Women's Conferences at DOE's

371

Including Alternative Resources in State Renewable Portfolio Standards: Current Design and Implementation Experience  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Including Alternative Resources Including Alternative Resources in State Renewable Portfolio Standards: Current Design and Implementation Experience Jenny Heeter and Lori Bird Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-55979 November 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Including Alternative Resources in State Renewable Portfolio Standards: Current Design and Implementation Experience Jenny Heeter and Lori Bird Prepared under Task No. SAO9.3110

372

Force measuring valve assemblies, systems including such valve assemblies and related methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of evaluating a fluid condition may include stroking a valve member and measuring a force acting on the valve member during the stroke. Methods of evaluating a fluid condition may include measuring a force acting on a valve member in the presence of fluid flow over a period of time and evaluating at least one of the frequency of changes in the measured force over the period of time and the magnitude of the changes in the measured force over the period of time to identify the presence of an anomaly in a fluid flow and, optionally, its estimated location. Methods of evaluating a valve condition may include directing a fluid flow through a valve while stroking a valve member, measuring a force acting on the valve member during the stroke, and comparing the measured force to a reference force. Valve assemblies and related systems are also disclosed.

DeWall, Kevin George (Pocatello, ID); Garcia, Humberto Enrique (Idaho Falls, ID); McKellar, Michael George (Idaho Falls, ID)

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

373

Fabrication of contacts for silicon solar cells including printing burn through layers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for fabricating a contact (240) for a solar cell (200). The method includes providing a solar cell substrate (210) with a surface that is covered or includes an antireflective coating (220). For example, the substrate (210) may be positioned adjacent or proximate to an outlet of an inkjet printer (712) or other deposition device. The method continues with forming a burn through layer (230) on the coating (220) by depositing a metal oxide precursor (e.g., using an inkjet or other non-contact printing method to print or apply a volume of liquid or solution containing the precursor). The method includes forming a contact layer (240) comprising silver over or on the burn through layer (230), and then annealing is performed to electrically connect the contact layer (240) to the surface of the solar cell substrate (210) through a portion of the burn through layer (230) and the coating (220).

Ginley, David S; Kaydanova, Tatiana; Miedaner, Alexander; Curtis, Calvin J; Van Hest, Marinus Franciscus Antonius Maria

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

374

The Life Course of Single Welfare-Reliant Mothers: Experiences in Seeking Access to and Persisting in Post-Secondary Education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-reliant mothers with the fewest barriers to persisting in adult education were redirected to higher levels of short-term vocational training that lasted 12 months or less through programs such as the 1998 Workforce Investment Act (WIA) (London, 2006). WIA... and local labor market representatives in a representative local workforce board. Therefore, the choice of occupational skills programs available to participants were identified by state and local workforce boards, whose purpose was to identify labor...

McPherson, Rebecca

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

375

X-ray induced persistent photoconductivity in Si-doped Al0.35Ga0.65As Yeong-Ah Soha)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-ray induced persistent photoconductivity in Si-doped Al0.35Ga0.65As Yeong-Ah Soha) and G. Aeppli for publication 14 August 2001 We demonstrate that x-ray irradiation can be used to induce an insulator with fluorescence. The photoconductance as a function of incident x-ray energy exhibits an edge both at the Ga

Frenkel, Anatoly

376

Persistent photoconductivity in AlGaN/GaN heterojunction channels caused by the ionization of deep levels in the AlGaN barrier layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Time-dependent responses of drain current (I{sub d}) in an AlGaN/GaN HEMT under UV (3.3 eV) and red (2.0 eV) light illumination have been studied at 300 K and 250 K. UV illumination enhances I{sub d} by about 10 %, indicating that the density of two-dimensional electrons is raised by about 10{sup 12} cm{sup ?2}. When UV light is turned off at 300 K, a part of increased I{sub d} decays quickly but the other part of increment is persistent, showing a slow decay. At 250 K, the majority of increment remains persistent. It is found that such a persistent increase of I{sub d} at 250 K can be partially erased by the illumination of red light. These photo-responses are explained by a simple band-bending model in which deep levels in the AlGaN barrier get positively charged by the UV light, resulting in a parabolic band bending in the AlGaN layer, while some potion of those deep levels are neutralized by the red light.

Murayama, H.; Akiyama, Y.; Niwa, R.; Sakashita, H.; Sakaki, H. [Toyota Technological Institute, 2-12-1 Hisakata, Tempaku-ku, Nagoya 468-8511 (Japan); Kachi, T. [Toyota Central R and D Labs., Inc., 41-1 Yokomichi, Nagakute, Aichi 480-1192 (Japan); Sugimoto, M. [Toyota Motor Corporation, 543 Kirigahora, Nishihirose-cho, Toyota, Aichi 470-0309 (Japan)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

377

Two-dimensional numerical methods in electromagnetic hypersonics including fully coupled Maxwell equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the magnetic field source (solenoid or permanent magnet). To test the technique, we show the results obtainedTwo-dimensional numerical methods in electromagnetic hypersonics including fully coupled Maxwell Keplerlaan 1, 2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands We describe a numerical technique for solving the coupled

D'Ambrosio, Domenic

378

1. INTRODUCTION Bridge engineering is not only about designing but also includes "looking after" and maintain-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. INTRODUCTION Bridge engineering is not only about designing but also includes "looking after" and maintain- ing the service-life of bridges. In the UK, after a period of relative neglect in the 1970s there was a growing awareness of the necessity to safeguard and maintain the stock of bridges as part of the national

379

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 3D nonlinear Schrodinger equation including subcritical cases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 3D nonlinear SchrË?odinger equation including subcritical general encompassing for the first time both subcritical and supercritical (in L 2 ) nonlinearities. We #12; The main contribution of our result is to allow for subcritical and critical (L 2

380

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 3D nonlinear Schrodinger equation including subcritical cases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 3D nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation including subcritical general encompassing for the first time both subcritical and supercritical (in L2 ) nonlinearities. We result is to allow for subcritical and critical (L2 ) nonlinearities, 0

Kirr, Eduard-Wilhelm

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 2D nonlinear Schrodinger equation including subcritical cases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 2D nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation including subcritical encompassing for the first time both subcritical and supercrit- ical (in L2 ) nonlinearities. We study) = ei g(s), R. (1.4) The equation has important applications in statistical physics, optics and water

382

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 2D nonlinear Schrodinger equation including subcritical cases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 2D nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation including subcritical general encompassing for the first time both subcritical and supercritical (in L2 ) nonlinearities. We physics, optics and water waves. For g(s) = s3 , it describes certain limiting behavior of Bose

Zarnescu, Arghir Dani

383

The efficient frontier for a portfolio that includes one risk-free asset  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a description of the efficient frontier of a portfolio composed by three assets, including a risk-free asset. We use a data analysis method to obtain two classes of assets and then we estimate the risk of each asset corresponding ... Keywords: efficient frontier, optimization, portfolio selection, principal component analysis, risk estimation

Florentin Serban; Maria Viorica Stefanescu; Silvia Dedu

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

MAC-Kaust Project P1 CO2 Sequestration Modeling of CO2 sequestration including parameter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAC-Kaust Project P1 ­ CO2 Sequestration Modeling of CO2 sequestration including parameter identification and numerical simulation M. Brokate, O. A. PykhteevHysteresis aspects of CO2 sequestration modeling K-H. Hoffmann, N. D. Botkin Objectives and methods of CO2 sequestration There is a popular belief

Turova, Varvara

385

Functional designed to include surface effects in self-consistent density functional theory R. Armiento1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Functional designed to include surface effects in self-consistent density functional theory R 2005 We design a density-functional-theory DFT exchange-correlation functional that enables an accurate density functional theory1 DFT is a method for electronic structure calculations of unparalleled

Armiento, Rickard

386

Office of River Protection Looks Back on 2014 Achievements, Including Tank Retrieval Progress  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

RICHLAND, Wash. – In 2014, EM’s Office of River Protection (ORP) marked several accomplishments at the Hanford site, including continuing efforts to resolve remaining technical issues with the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP); restarting operations of the 242-A Evaporator; establishing waste acceptance limits for WTP; and continuing progress in waste tank retrievals.

387

Breakfast Pastry Platters Includes a variety of scones, muffins, fruit and cheese Danish and cinnamon rolls.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Breakfast Breakfast Pastry Platters Includes a variety of scones, muffins, fruit and cheese Danish Fruit Tarts, Mini Lemon Tarts and Cream Puffs. (Minimum order 10) ........... each pastry | $2.50 Quiche.) ............................................................................each quiche | $30 Fresh Fruit Salad An assortment of fresh melon, bananas, pineapple, grapes

Liberzon, Daniel

388

What measures climate? A variety of variables including their variability and extreme values determine climate for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

climate zones? The sun is the ultimate power source for the climate "machine". The uneven distribution conditions. Typical variables to consider are temperature (maximum, miniumum), precipitation (includes rain, sleet, snow, hail, etc), sunlight/cloudiness, wind, humidity, ice cover, sea temperature, etc... Many

Allan, Richard P.

389

Solar Energy Education. Home economics: teacher's guide. Field test edition. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An instructional aid is provided for home economics teachers who wish to integrate the subject of solar energy into their classroom activities. This teacher's guide was produced along with the student activities book for home economics by the US Department of Energy Solar Energy Education. A glossary of solar energy terms is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Solar Energy Education. Industrial arts: teacher's guide. Field test edition. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An instructional aid is presented which integrates the subject of solar energy into the classroom study of industrial arts. This guide for teachers was produced in addition to the student activities book for industrial arts by the USDOE Solar Energy Education. A glossary of solar energy terms is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Confirmed speakers include: THE GLOBAL ROLE OF VIRUSES IN BLOOM TERMINATION, BIODIVERSITY AND MARINE ECOLOGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IN BLOOM TERMINATION, BIODIVERSITY AND MARINE ECOLOGY GUNNAR BRATBAK ­ University of Bergen, NorwayConfirmed speakers include: THE GLOBAL ROLE OF VIRUSES IN BLOOM TERMINATION, BIODIVERSITY AND MARINE ECOLOGY GUNNAR BRATBAK ­ University of Bergen, Norway COLLECTION, PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION

Wilhelm, Steven W.

392

Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including the National Nuclear Security Administration) Federal Employees  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Order establishes the framework for an effective worker protection program that will reduce or prevent injuries, illnesses, and accidental losses by providing Department of Energy (DOE), including National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Federal workers with a safe and healthful workplace. Cancels DOE O 440.1A. Certified 6/17/2011. Canceled by DOE O 440.1B Chg 1.

2007-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

393

Accounting for the Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable Devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accounting for the Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable Devices Pavel.S.A vinod.namboodiri@wichita.edu ABSTRACT In light of the increased awareness of global energy consumption the share of energy consumption due to these equipment over the years, these have rarely characterized

Namboodiri, Vinod

394

EARTH SCIENCESEARTH SCIENCESEARTH SCIENCES This major includes a spectrum of disciplines focused on understanding the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EARTH SCIENCESEARTH SCIENCESEARTH SCIENCES This major includes a spectrum of disciplines focused this understanding to read the record of earth history written in rocks and sediments, and on developing models by humans. Opportunities for Students Sigma Gamma Epsilon: The Omega Chapter of the national honorary earth

Krylov, Anna I.

395

Your membership includes: S10health Fitness Centre; Group Fitness Classes; Swimming Pool,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Your membership includes: S10health Fitness Centre; Group Fitness Classes; Swimming Pool, Sauna Standard Price Concessions* (at Off Peak times only) Swimming £4.00 £3.00 Group Fitness Classes (1 hour/45.sport-sheffield.com Support line: 0114 222 6996 #12;Pool Timetable 11th June ­ 23rd September 2012 The Matrix bouldering wall

Li, Yi

396

POLITICAL SCIENCE 2013 SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION (Includes Alumni, Brazil, Francis, Glickman, Hubbard, Young, and Rinn Scholarships)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POLITICAL SCIENCE 2013 SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION (Includes Alumni, Brazil, Francis, Glickman, Hubbard. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Please have a member of the SJSU Political Science faculty who is willing to provide a reference sign this application. Faculty sponsor's signature: Applicant's signature: You can apply for as many Political Science

Su, Xiao

397

Improved One-dimensional Analysis of CMOS Photodiode Including Epitaxial-Substrate Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Improved One-dimensional Analysis of CMOS Photodiode Including Epitaxial-Substrate Junction J. S-dimensional analysis of CMOS photodiode has been derived in which the effect of the substrate, which forms a high-empirical expression exhibits a good agreement with the measured spectral response of n+ pepi photodiodes fabricated

Hornsey, Richard

398

Primal-Dual Interior Point Method Applied to the Short Term Hydroelectric Scheduling Including a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Primal-Dual Interior Point Method Applied to the Short Term Hydroelectric Scheduling Including that minimizes losses in the transmission and costs in the generation of a hydroelectric power system, formulated such perturbing parameter. Keywords-- Hydroelectric power system, Network flow, Predispatch, Primal-dual interior

Oliveira, Aurélio R. L.

399

Student Poster Competition The 2004 UFFC Joint Anniversary Conference will include a Student Poster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Student Poster Competition The 2004 UFFC Joint Anniversary Conference will include a Student Poster to the student's CV. Students who are submitting abstracts for presentation are also invited to participate in this student paper competition. Abstracts submitted by students for the Student Paper Competition

Lu, Jian-yu

400

Humanities: 12 credits (L,H,X,Z) --Must include 6 credits Literature (L)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Humanities: 12 credits (L,H,X,Z) -- Must include 6 credits Literature (L) Social Science: 12-level credits in residence in each major BREADTH of Exploration in the Liberal Arts & Sciences DEPTH of Inquiry in the Liberal Arts & Sciences Mastery of Intermediate/Advanced Work: 60 credits (I,A,D) QUANTITY & QUALITY

Liblit, Ben

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Vertebrates are animals with a backbone and include mammals, birds and fishes. Considering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vertebrates are animals with a backbone and include mammals, birds and fishes. Considering roughly three quarters of the earth is covered in water it should be no surprise that fish are the most numerous vertebrates in the world. According to the Florida Museum of Natural History there are about 28,000 known fish

Watson, Craig A.

402

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Aerial lifts include the following types of vehicle-mounted  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Aerial lifts include the following types of vehicle, if they can be installed safely. Aerial Lifts Safety Tip #11 A spill, a slip, a hospital trip #12;Additional Information for Presenters Review the information provided on the reverse side of this safety tip sheet

Minnesota, University of

403

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Personal fall-protection systems include a body harness (safe-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Personal fall-protection systems include a body harness so they will not be damaged. Personal Fall-Protection Systems Safety Tip #8 Just because you always;Additional Information for Presenters Review the information provided on the reverse side of this safety tip

Minnesota, University of

404

Abstract. Increased ethylene evolution accompanies seed germination of many species including Pisum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. Increased ethylene evolution accompanies seed germination of many species including Pisum sativum L., but only a little is known about the regulation of the ethylene biosynthetic pathway in dierent seed tissues. Biosynthesis of the direct ethylene precursor 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid

Leubner, Gerhard

405

A virtual environment for the interrogation of 3D polycrystalline microstructure including  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A virtual environment for the interrogation of 3D polycrystalline microstructure including grain of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, 101 Frank H.T. Rhodes Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853. The macroscopic response is obtained through volume- averaging laws. A constitutive framework for elasto

Zabaras, Nicholas J.

406

A non-isothermal PEM fuel cell model including two water transport mechanisms in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A non-isothermal PEM fuel cell model including two water transport mechanisms in the membrane K Freiburg Germany A dynamic two-phase flow model for proton exchange mem- brane (PEM) fuel cells and the species concentrations. In order to describe the charge transport in the fuel cell the Poisson equations

Münster, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität

407

Learn more about the summer course which includes a 3 week trip to South Africa.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Learn more about the summer course which includes a 3 week trip to South Africa. The program an introduction to the historical and the con- temporary South Africa as well as at least one post trip meeting@binghamton.edu or Josephine Allen at jaallen@binghamton.edu. Destination South Africa - Summer Course 2012 February 28th

Suzuki, Masatsugu

408

SBIR/STTR Release 2 Topics Announced—Includes Hydrogen and Fuel Cells  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The 2015 Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) Phase I Release 2 topics include fuel cell-battery electric hybrid trucks and in-line quality control devices for polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells.

409

WBS DICTIONARY This dictionary gives a succinct definition of some of the most important tasks included  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

include the 100 kV insulating platform for the EBIS source and its associated power supplies, as well for the solenoid in order to enable use of its magnet field "tails" for the electron beam transmission in areas support structures for the EBIS, the electron gun, the LEBT line, and the external ion sources. It also

410

NUMERICAL MODELING OF DEFORMATION AND FRACTURE OF WOOD INCLUDING HETEROGENEITY AND ANISOTROPY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NUMERICAL MODELING OF DEFORMATION AND FRACTURE OF WOOD INCLUDING HETEROGENEITY AND ANISOTROPY John A. Nairn Wood Science & Engineering, Oregon State University, USA Abstract The challenge in numerical modeling of wood is to have the model closely match the structure of a real specimen. The model

Nairn, John A.

411

The Peach State Alliance is a coalition of seven higher education institutions, including  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Peach State Alliance is a coalition of seven higher education institutions, including Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation (PS-LSAMP) About the Peach State Alliance "Educating the next, and receive financial support." Stephanie Hernandez Biology Major #12;The Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority

Weber, Rodney

412

Hydraulically actuated fuel injector including a pilot operated spool valve assembly and hydraulic system using same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to hydraulic systems including hydraulically actuated fuel injectors that have a pilot operated spool valve assembly. One class of hydraulically actuated fuel injectors includes a solenoid driven pilot valve that controls the initiation of the injection event. However, during cold start conditions, hydraulic fluid, typically engine lubricating oil, is particularly viscous and is often difficult to displace through the relatively small drain path that is defined past the pilot valve member. Because the spool valve typically responds slower than expected during cold start due to the difficulty in displacing the relatively viscous oil, accurate start of injection timing can be difficult to achieve. There also exists a greater difficulty in reaching the higher end of the cold operating speed range. Therefore, the present invention utilizes a fluid evacuation valve to aid in displacement of the relatively viscous oil during cold start conditions.

Shafer, Scott F. (Morton, IL)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

The structure of hypersonic shock waves using Navier-Stokes equations modified to include mass diffusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Howard Brenner has recently proposed modifications to the Navier-Stokes equations that relate to a diffusion of fluid volume that would be significant for flows with high density gradients. In a previous paper (Greenshields & Reese, 2007), we found these modifications gave good predictions of the viscous structure of shock waves in argon in the range Mach 1.0-12.0 (while conventional Navier-Stokes equations are known to fail above about Mach 2). However, some areas of concern with this model were a somewhat arbitrary choice of modelling coefficient, and potentially unphysical and unstable solutions. In this paper, we therefore present slightly different modifications to include molecule mass diffusion fully in the Navier-Stokes equations. These modifications are shown to be stable and produce physical solutions to the shock problem of a quality broadly similar to those from the family of extended hydrodynamic models that includes the Burnett equations. The modifications primarily add a diffusion term to t...

Greenshields, Christopher J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Method for pulse control in a laser including a stimulated brillouin scattering mirror system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser system, such as a master oscillator/power amplifier system, comprises a gain medium and a stimulated Brillouin scattering SBS mirror system. The SBS mirror system includes an in situ filtered SBS medium that comprises a compound having a small negative non-linear index of refraction, such as a perfluoro compound. An SBS relay telescope having a telescope focal point includes a baffle at the telescope focal point which blocks off angle beams. A beam splitter is placed between the SBS mirror system and the SBS relay telescope, directing a fraction of the beam to an alternate beam path for an alignment fiducial. The SBS mirror system has a collimated SBS cell and a focused SBS cell. An adjustable attenuator is placed between the collimated SBS cell and the focused SBS cell, by which pulse width of the reflected beam can be adjusted.

Dane, C. Brent (Livermore, CA); Hackel, Lloyd (Livermore, CA); Harris, Fritz B. (Rocklin, CA)

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

415

Analysis of the Thermonuclear Instability including Low-Power ICRH Minority Heating in IGNITOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nonlinear thermal balance equation for classical plasma in a toroidal geometry is analytically and numerically investigated including ICRH power. The determination of the equilibrium temperature and the analysis of the stability of the solution are performed by solving the energy balance equation that includes the transport relations obtained by the kinetic theory. An estimation of the confinement time is also provided. We show that the ICRH heating in the IGNITOR experiment, among other applications, is expected to stabilize the power of the thermonuclear burning by automatic regulation of the RF coupled power. Here a scenario is considered where IGNITOR is led to operate in a slightly sub-critical regime by adding a small fraction of ${}^3He$ to the nominal 50-50 Deuterium-Tritium mixture. The difference between power lost and alpha heating is compensated by additional ICRH heating, which should be able to increase the global plasma temperature via collisions between ${}^3He$ minority and the background...

Cardinali, Alessandro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Policy Flash 2013-49 Updating Reporting Requirement Checklist including the  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Policy Flash 2013-49 Updating Reporting Requirement Checklist Policy Flash 2013-49 Updating Reporting Requirement Checklist including the research performance progress report Policy Flash 2013-49 Updating Reporting Requirement Checklist including the research performance progress report Questions concerning this policy flash should be directed to Ellen Colligan, of the Contract and Financial Assistance Policy Division, Office of Contract Management, Office of Acquisition and Project Management at (202) 287-1776, Ellen.colligan@hq.doe.gov Policy Flash 2013-49.pdf Attch_FA_RepReqChecklist_COMBINED_FINAL_4-23-13 (3).pdf More Documents & Publications ATTACHMENT FLASH 2011-46(6) Federal Assistance Reporting Checklist and Instructions for Projects Federal Assistance Reporting Checklist and Instructions for RD&D Projects

417

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" 6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and",,"LPG and","(excluding Coal"," " "End Use","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)"

418

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998;" 1. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ","Coal"," "," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"(excluding Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural Gas(c)","LPG and","Coke and Breeze)"," ","RSE" " ","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","(billion","NGL(d)","(million","Other(e)","Row"

419

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998;" 2. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," "," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal",,"RSE" " "," ","Net","Residual","and",,"LPG and","(excluding Coal"," ","Row" "End Use","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)","Factors"

420

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" 5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ","Coal"," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"(excluding Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural Gas(c)","LPG and","Coke and Breeze)"," " " ","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","(billion","NGL(d)","(million","Other(e)"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2002;" 5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," "," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural ","LPG and","(excluding Coal"," ","RSE" " ","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)","Row"

422

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" 6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and",,"LPG and","(excluding Coal"," " "End Use","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)"

423

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2002;" 6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," "," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal",,"RSE" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural ","LPG and","(excluding Coal"," ","Row" "End Use","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)","Factors"

424

Certification and Accreditation Process for Information Systems Including National Security Systems  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Notice ensures the effectiveness of security controls on DOE Federal information systems including national security systems. The Notice will also ensure compliance with the requirements of DOE O 205.1, Department of Energy Cyber Security Management Program, dated 3-21-03, and protect DOE information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, modification, or destruction. No cancellations. DOE N 205.15, dated 3-18-05, extends this directive until 3-18-06.

2004-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

425

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" 5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ","Coal"," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"(excluding Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural Gas(c)","LPG and","Coke and Breeze)"," " " ","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","(billion","NGL(d)","(million","Other(e)"

426

Method and system including a double rotary kiln pyrolysis or gasification of waste material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of destructively distilling an organic material in particulate form wherein the particulates are introduced through an inlet into one end of an inner rotating kiln ganged to and coaxial with an outer rotating kiln. The inner and outer kilns define a cylindrical annular space with the inlet being positioned in registry with the axis of rotation of the ganged kilns. During operation, the temperature of the wall of the inner rotary kiln at the inlet is not less than about 500.degree. C. to heat the particulate material to a temperature in the range of from about 200.degree. C. to about 900.degree. C. in a pyrolyzing atmosphere to reduce the particulate material as it moves from the one end toward the other end. The reduced particulates including char are transferred to the annular space between the inner and the outer rotating kilns near the other end of the inner rotating kiln and moved longitudinally in the annular space from near the other end toward the one end in the presence of oxygen to combust the char at an elevated temperature to produce a waste material including ash. Also, heat is provided which is transferred to the inner kiln. The waste material including ash leaves the outer rotating kiln near the one end and the pyrolysis vapor leaves through the particulate material inlet.

McIntosh, Michael J. (Bolingbrook, IL); Arzoumanidis, Gregory G. (Naperville, IL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Swozzle based burner tube premixer including inlet air conditioner for low emissions combustion  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A burner for use in a combustion system of a heavy-duty industrial gas turbine includes a fuel/air premixer having an air inlet, a fuel inlet, and an annular mixing passage. The fuel/air premixer mixes fuel and air into a uniform mixture for injection into a combustor reaction zone. The burner also includes an inlet flow conditioner disposed at the air inlet of the fuel/air premixer for controlling a radial and circumferential distribution of incoming air. The pattern of perforations in the inlet flow conditioner is designed such that a uniform air flow distribution is produced at the swirler inlet annulus in both the radial and circumference directions. The premixer includes a swozzle assembly having a series of preferably air foil shaped turning vanes that impart swirl to the airflow entering via the inlet flow conditioner. Each air foil contains internal fuel flow passages that introduce natural gas fuel into the air stream via fuel metering holes that pass through the walls of the air foil shaped turning vanes. By injecting fuel in this manner, an aerodynamically clean flow field is maintained throughout the premixer. By injecting fuel via two separate passages, the fuel/air mixture strength distribution can be controlled in the radial direction to obtain optimum radial concentration profiles for control of emissions, lean blow outs, and combustion driven dynamic pressure activity as machine and combustor load are varied.

Tuthill, Richard Sterling (Bolton, CT); Bechtel, II, William Theodore (Scotia, NY); Benoit, Jeffrey Arthur (Scotia, NY); Black, Stephen Hugh (Duanesburg, NY); Bland, Robert James (Clifton Park, NY); DeLeonardo, Guy Wayne (Scotia, NY); Meyer, Stefan Martin (Troy, NY); Taura, Joseph Charles (Clifton Park, NY); Battaglioli, John Luigi (Glenville, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

A method and system including a double rotary kiln pyrolysis or gasification of waste material  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is described for destructively distilling an organic material in particulate form wherein the particulates are introduced through an inlet into one end of an inner rotating kiln ganged to and coaxial with an outer rotating kiln. The inner and outer kilns define a cylindrical annular space with the inlet being positioned in registry with the axis of rotation of the ganged kilns. During operation, the temperature of the wall of the inner rotary kiln at the inlet is not less than about 500 C to heat the particulate material to a temperature in the range of from about 200 C to about 900 C in a pyrolyzing atmosphere to reduce the particulate material as it moves from the one end toward the other end. The reduced particulates including char are transferred to the annular space between the inner and the outer rotating kilns near the other end of the inner rotating kiln and moved longitudinally in the annular space from near the other end toward the one end in the presence of oxygen to combust the char at an elevated temperature to produce a waste material including ash. Also, heat is provided which is transferred to the inner kiln. The waste material including ash leaves the outer rotating kiln near the one end and the pyrolysis vapor leaves through the particulate material inlet.

McIntosh, M.J.; Arzoumanidis, G.G.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

429

Method and system including a double rotary kiln pyrolysis or gasification of waste material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for destructively distilling an organic material in particulate form wherein the particulates are introduced through an inlet into one end of an inner rotating kiln ganged to and coaxial with an outer rotating kiln. The inner and outer kilns define a cylindrical annular space with the inlet being positioned in registry with the axis of rotation of the ganged kilns. During operation, the temperature of the wall of the inner rotary kiln at the inlet is not less than about 500 C to heat the particulate material to a temperature in the range of from about 200 C to about 900 C in a pyrolyzing atmosphere to reduce the particulate material as it moves from the one end toward the other end. The reduced particulates including char are transferred to the annular space between the inner and the outer rotating kilns near the other end of the inner rotating kiln and moved longitudinally in the annular space from near the other end toward the one end in the presence of oxygen to combust the char at an elevated temperature to produce a waste material including ash. Also, heat is provided which is transferred to the inner kiln. The waste material including ash leaves the outer rotating kiln near the one end and the pyrolysis vapor leaves through the particulate material inlet. 5 figs.

McIntosh, M.J.; Arzoumanidis, G.G.

1997-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

430

Cesium and strontium extraction using a mixed extractant solvent including crown ether and calixarene extractants  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mixed extractant solvent including calix[4]arene-bis-(tert-octylbenzo)-crown-6 ("BOBCalixC6"), 4',4',(5')-di-(t-butyldicyclo-hexano)-18-crown-6 ("DtBu18C6"), and at least one modifier dissolved in a diluent. The mixed extractant solvent may be used to remove cesium and strontium from an acidic solution. The DtBu18C6 may be present from approximately 0.01 M to approximately 0.4M, such as from approximately 0.086 M to approximately 0.108 M. The modifier may be 1-(2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropoxy)-3-(4-sec-butylphenoxy)-2-propanol ("Cs-7SB") and may be present from approximately 0.01M to approximately 0.8M. In one embodiment, the mixed extractant solvent includes approximately 0.15M DtBu18C6, approximately 0.007M BOBCalixC6, and approximately 0.75M Cs-7SB modifier dissolved in an isoparaffinic hydrocarbon diluent. The mixed extractant solvent may form an organic phase in an extraction system that also includes an aqueous phase. Methods of extracting cesium and strontium as well as strontium alone are also disclosed.

Meikrantz, David H. (Idaho Falls, ID); Todd, Terry A. (Aberdeen, ID); Riddle, Catherine L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Law, Jack D. (Pocatello, ID); Peterman, Dean R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Mincher, Bruce J. (Idaho Falls, ID); McGrath, Christopher A. (Blackfoot, ID); Baker, John D. (Blackfoot, ID)

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

431

Process For Controlling Flow Rate Of Viscous Materials Including Use Of Nozzle With Changeable Openings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus and a method for controlling the flow rate of viscous materials through a nozzle includes an apertured main body and an apertured end cap coupled together and having an elongated, linear flow channel extending the length thereof. An end of the main body is disposed within the end cap and includes a plurality of elongated slots concentrically disposed about and aligned with the flow channel. A generally flat cam plate having a center aperture is disposed between the main body and end cap and is rotatable about the flow channel. A plurality of flow control vane assemblies are concentrically disposed about the flow channel and are coupled to the cam plate. Each vane assembly includes a vane element disposed adjacent the end of the flow channel. Rotation of the cam plate in a first direction causes a corresponding rotation of each of the vane elements for positioning the individual vane elements over the aperture in the end cap blocking flow through the flow channel, while rotation in an opposite direction removes the vane elements from the aperture and positions them about the flow channel in a nested configuration in the full open position, with a continuous range of vane element positions available between the full open and closed positions.

Ellingson, William A. (Naperville, IL); Forster, George A. (Westmont, IL)

1999-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

432

New standards in flexible pipe technology including API Spec 17J  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent and future developments in the offshore industry will see the use of flexible pipes in more severe applications than previously. Included in this is its use in deep water, high temperature, high pressure and sour service applications. There is therefore a requirement in the industry for the development of consistent standards for the specification, design, materials, manufacturing and testing of flexible pipes. A Joint Industry Project (JIP) commenced early in 1994 to develop these new industry wide standards for unbonded flexible pipe. The 20 participants to the JIP included twelve oil companies, three manufacturers, three regulatory authorities and three contractors. The first phase of the project involved the development of a standard specification for flexible pipe, with a second phase, presently ongoing, to develop a new recommended practice for flexible pipe. The initial development of the industry standard specification was completed in May of 1995 and the document was subsequently submitted to API for technical review. This was completed by December 1995. The specification was updated accordingly in cooperation between API and the JIP, and subsequently released in January 1996 for API balloting. The specification is expected to be adopted and published as API Spec 17J by the middle of 1996. The specification will also be incorporated during 1996 into the new ISO series of standards for subsea equipment. The recommended practice will update API RP 17B to supplement the pipe specification and incorporate new technological developments. This paper discusses the scope, including new developments, addressed by API Spec 17J and also describes significant aspects in the updating of the recommended practice. This development of new standards within the flexible pipe industry is in line with the objectives of initiatives such as CRINE and NORSOK.

Grealish, F.W.; Bliault, A.; Caveny, K.P.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

433

Nuclear relativistic Hartree-Fock calculations including pions interacting with a scalar field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of pions on the nuclear shell structure is analyzed in a relativistic Hartree-Fock approximation (RHFA). The Lagrangian includes, in particular, a mixture of {pi}N pseudoscalar (PS) and pseudovector (PV) couplings, self-interactions of the scalar field {sigma} and a {sigma} - {pi} interaction that dresses pions with an effective mass (m*{sub {pi}}). It is found that an increase of m*{sub {pi}} strongly reduces the unrealistic effect of pions, keeping roughly unchanged their contribution to the total binding energy.

Marcos, S.; Lopez-Quelle, M.; Niembro, R.; Savushkin, L. N. [Departamento de Fisica Moderna, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander (Spain); Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander (Spain); Departamento de Fisica Moderna, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander (Spain); Department of Physics, St. Petersburg University for Telecommunications, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

434

THERMOHALINE INSTABILITIES INSIDE STARS: A SYNTHETIC STUDY INCLUDING EXTERNAL TURBULENCE AND RADIATIVE LEVITATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have derived a new expression for the thermohaline mixing coefficient in stars, including the effects of radiative levitation and external turbulence, by solving Boussinesq equations in a nearly incompressible stratified fluid with a linear approximation. It is well known that radiative levitation of individual elements can lead to their accumulation in specific stellar layers. In some cases, it can induce important effects on the stellar structure. Here we confirm that this accumulation is moderated by thermohaline convection due to the resulting inverse {mu}-gradient. The new coefficient that we have derived shows that the effect of radiative accelerations on the thermohaline instability itself is small. This effect must however be checked in all computations. We also confirm that the presence of large horizontal turbulence can reduce or even suppress the thermohaline convection. These results are important as they concern all the cases of heavy element accumulation in stars. Computations of radiative diffusion must be revisited to include thermohaline convection and its consequences. It may be one of the basic reasons for the fact that the observed abundances are always smaller than those predicted by pure atomic diffusion. In any case, these processes have to compete with rotation-induced mixing, but this competition is more complex than previously thought due to their mutual interaction.

Vauclair, Sylvie; Theado, Sylvie, E-mail: sylvie.vauclair@irap.omp.eu [Universite de Toulouse, UPS-OMP and CNRS, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planetologie, 14 avenue Edouard Belin, F-31400 Toulouse (France)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Zirconium-based alloys, nuclear fuel rods and nuclear reactors including such alloys, and related methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Zirconium-based metal alloy compositions comprise zirconium, a first additive in which the permeability of hydrogen decreases with increasing temperatures at least over a temperature range extending from 350.degree. C. to 750.degree. C., and a second additive having a solubility in zirconium over the temperature range extending from 350.degree. C. to 750.degree. C. At least one of a solubility of the first additive in the second additive over the temperature range extending from 350.degree. C. to 750.degree. C. and a solubility of the second additive in the first additive over the temperature range extending from 350.degree. C. to 750.degree. C. is higher than the solubility of the second additive in zirconium over the temperature range extending from 350.degree. C. to 750.degree. C. Nuclear fuel rods include a cladding material comprising such metal alloy compositions, and nuclear reactors include such fuel rods. Methods are used to fabricate such zirconium-based metal alloy compositions.

Mariani, Robert Dominick

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

436

Calculation of $P_ and $T_ odd effects in $"" sup 205_TIF including electron correlation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A method and codes for two-step correlation calculation of heavy-atom molecules have been developed, employing the generalized relativistic effective core potential and relativistic coupled cluster (RCC) methods at the first step, followed by nonvariational one-center restoration of proper four-component spinors in the heavy cores. Electron correlation is included for the first time in an ab initio calculation of the interaction of the permanent P,T-odd proton electric dipole moment with the internal electromagnetic field in a molecule. The calculation is performed for the ground state of TlF at the experimental equilibrium, R_e=2.0844 A, and at R=2.1 A, with spin-orbit and correlation effects included by RCC. Calculated results with single cluster amplitudes only are in good agreement (3% and 1%) with recent Dirac-Hartree-Fock (DHF) values of the magnetic parameter M; the larger differences occurring between present and DHF volume parameter (X) values, as well as between the two DHF calculations, are explained. Inclusion of electron correlation by GRECP/RCC with single and double excitations has a major effect on the P,T-odd parameters, decreasing M by 17% and X by 22%.

A. N. Petrov; N. S. Mosyagin; T. A. Isaev; A. V. Titov; V. F. Ezhov; E. Eliav; U. Kaldor

2001-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

437

Should Title 24 Ventilation Requirements Be Amended to include an Indoor Air Quality Procedure?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Minimum outdoor air ventilation rates (VRs) for buildings are specified in standards, including California?s Title 24 standards. The ASHRAE ventilation standard includes two options for mechanically-ventilated buildings ? a prescriptive ventilation rate procedure (VRP) that specifies minimum VRs that vary among occupancy classes, and a performance-based indoor air quality procedure (IAQP) that may result in lower VRs than the VRP, with associated energy savings, if IAQ meeting specified criteria can be demonstrated. The California Energy Commission has been considering the addition of an IAQP to the Title 24 standards. This paper, based on a review of prior data and new analyses of the IAQP, evaluates four future options for Title 24: no IAQP; adding an alternate VRP, adding an equivalent indoor air quality procedure (EIAQP), and adding an improved ASHRAE-like IAQP. Criteria were established for selecting among options, and feedback was obtained in a workshop of stakeholders. Based on this review, the addition of an alternate VRP is recommended. This procedure would allow lower minimum VRs if a specified set of actions were taken to maintain acceptable IAQ. An alternate VRP could also be a valuable supplement to ASHRAE?s ventilation standard.

Dutton, Spencer M.; Mendell, Mark J.; Chan, Wanyu R.

2013-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

438

Coupled multi-body dynamics and CFD for wind turbine simulation including explicit wind turbulence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A high fidelity approach for wind turbine aero-elastic simulations including explicit representation of the atmospheric wind turbulence is presented. The approach uses a dynamic overset computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code for the aerodynamics coupled with a multi-body dynamics (MBD) code for the motion responses to the aerodynamic loads. Mann's wind turbulence model was implemented into the CFD code as boundary and initial conditions. The wind turbulence model was validated by comparing the theoretical one-point spectrum for the three components of the velocity fluctuations, and by comparing the expected statistics from the CFD simulated wind turbulent field with the explicit wind turbulence inlet boundary from Mann model. Extensive simulations based on the proposed coupled approach were conducted with the conceptual NREL 5-MW offshore wind turbine in an increasing level of complexity, analyzing the turbine behavior as elasticity, wind shear and atmospheric wind turbulence are added to the simulations. Results are compared with the publicly available simulations results from OC3 participants, showing good agreement for the aerodynamic loads and blade tip deflections in time and frequency domains. Wind turbulence/turbine interaction was examined for the wake flow. It was found that explicit turbulence addition results in considerably increased wake diffusion. The coupled CFD/MBD approach can be extended to include multibody models of the shaft, bearings, gearbox and generator, resulting in a promising tool for wind turbine design under complex operational environments.

Y. Li; A.M. Castro; T. Sinokrot; W. Prescott; P.M. Carrica

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity; Unit: Trillion Btu. Distillate Fuel Oil Coal Net Residual and LPG and (excluding Coal End Use Total Electricity(a) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(b) Natural Gas(c) NGL(d) Coke and Breeze) Other(e) Total United States TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 15,658 2,850 251 129 5,512 79 1,016 5,820 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fue -- 41 133 23 2,119 8 547 -- Conventional Boiler Use 41 71 17 1,281 8 129 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 62 6 838 1 417 Direct Uses-Total Process -- 2,244 62 52 2,788 39 412 -- Process Heating -- 346 59 19 2,487 32 345 -- Process Cooling and Refrigeration -- 206 * 1 32 * * -- Machine Drive

440

Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 2 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity; Unit: Trillion Btu. Distillate Fuel Oil Coal NAICS Net Residual and LPG and (excluding Coal Code(a) End Use Total Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(c) Natural Gas(d) NGL(e) Coke and Breeze) Other(f) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 15,658 2,850 251 129 5,512 79 1,016 5,820 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel -- 41 133 23 2,119 8 547 -- Conventional Boiler Use -- 41 71 17 1,281 8 129 -- CHP and/or Cogeneration Process -- -- 62 6 838 1 417 -- Direct Uses-Total Process -- 2,244 62 52 2,788 39 412 -- Process Heating -- 346 59 19 2,487

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441

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Table 5.8 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity; Unit: Trillion Btu. Distillate Fuel Oil Coal Net Demand Residual and LPG and (excluding Coal End Use for Electricity(a) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(b) Natural Gas(c) NGL(d) Coke and Breeze) Total United States TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 3,335 251 129 5,512 79 1,016 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel 84 133 23 2,119 8 547 Conventional Boiler Use 84 71 17 1,281 8 129 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 62 6 838 1 417 Direct Uses-Total Process 2,639 62 52 2,788 39 412 Process Heating 379 59 19 2,487 32 345 Process Cooling and Refrigeration

442

Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 1 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Distillate Coal Fuel Oil (excluding Coal Net Residual and Natural Gas(d) LPG and Coke and Breeze) NAICS Total Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(c) (billion NGL(e) (million Other(f) Code(a) End Use (trillion Btu) (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) (trillion Btu) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 15,658 835,382 40 22 5,357 21 46 5,820 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel -- 12,109 21 4 2,059 2 25 -- Conventional Boiler Use -- 12,109 11 3 1,245 2 6 -- CHP and/or Cogeneration Process

443

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 7 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Distillate Coal Fuel Oil (excluding Coal Net Demand Residual and Natural Gas(c) LPG and Coke and Breeze) for Electricity(a) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(b) (billion NGL(d) (million End Use (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) Total United States TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 977,338 40 22 5,357 21 46 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel 24,584 21 4 2,059 2 25 Conventional Boiler Use 24,584 11 3 1,245 2 6 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 10 1 814 * 19 Direct Uses-Total Process 773,574 10 9 2,709 10 19 Process Heating

444

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Distillate Coal Fuel Oil (excluding Coal Net Residual and Natural Gas(c) LPG and Coke and Breeze) Total Electricity(a) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(b) (billion NGL(d) (million Other(e) End Use (trillion Btu) (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) (trillion Btu) Total United States TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 15,658 835,382 40 22 5,357 21 46 5,820 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel -- 12,109 21 4 2,059 2 25 -- Conventional Boiler Use 12,109 11 3 1,245 2 6 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 10 1 814 * 19 Direct Uses-Total Process

445

The Food Crises: A quantitative model of food prices including speculators and ethanol conversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent increases in basic food prices are severely impacting vulnerable populations worldwide. Proposed causes such as shortages of grain due to adverse weather, increasing meat consumption in China and India, conversion of corn to ethanol in the US, and investor speculation on commodity markets lead to widely differing implications for policy. A lack of clarity about which factors are responsible reinforces policy inaction. Here, for the first time, we construct a dynamic model that quantitatively agrees with food prices. The results show that the dominant causes of price increases are investor speculation and ethanol conversion. Models that just treat supply and demand are not consistent with the actual price dynamics. The two sharp peaks in 2007/2008 and 2010/2011 are specifically due to investor speculation, while an underlying upward trend is due to increasing demand from ethanol conversion. The model includes investor trend following as well as shifting between commodities, equities and bonds to take ad...

Lagi, Marco; Bertrand, Karla Z; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Polymerase chain reaction system using magnetic beads for analyzing a sample that includes nucleic acid  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A polymerase chain reaction system for analyzing a sample containing nucleic acid includes providing magnetic beads; providing a flow channel having a polymerase chain reaction chamber, a pre polymerase chain reaction magnet position adjacent the polymerase chain reaction chamber, and a post pre polymerase magnet position adjacent the polymerase chain reaction chamber. The nucleic acid is bound to the magnetic beads. The magnetic beads with the nucleic acid flow to the pre polymerase chain reaction magnet position in the flow channel. The magnetic beads and the nucleic acid are washed with ethanol. The nucleic acid in the polymerase chain reaction chamber is amplified. The magnetic beads and the nucleic acid are separated into a waste stream containing the magnetic beads and a post polymerase chain reaction mix containing the nucleic acid. The reaction mix containing the nucleic acid flows to an analysis unit in the channel for analysis.

Nasarabadi, Shanavaz (Livermore, CA)

2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

447

Heavy quark collisional energy loss in the quark-gluon plasma including finite relaxation time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we calculate the soft-collisional energy loss of heavy quarks traversing the viscous quark-gluon plasma including the effects of a finite relaxation time $\\tau_\\pi$ on the energy loss. We find that the collisional energy loss depends appreciably on $\\tau_\\pi$ . In particular, for typical values of the viscosity-to-entropy ratio, we show that the energy loss obtained using $\\tau_\\pi$ = 0 can be $\\sim$ 10$\\%$ larger than the one obtained using $\\tau_\\pi$ = 0. Moreover, we find that the energy loss obtained using the kinetic theory expression for $\\tau_\\pi$ is much larger that the one obtained with the $\\tau_\\pi$ derived from the Anti de Sitter/Conformal Field Theory correspondence. Our results may be relevant in the modeling of heavy quark evolution through the quark-gluon plasma.

Mauro Elias; J. Peralta-Ramos; E. Calzetta

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

448

Frequency-dependent polarizability of helium including relativistic effects with nuclear recoil terms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future metrology standards will be partly based on physical quantities computed from first principles rather than measured. In particular, a new pressure standard can be established if the dynamic polarizability of helium can be determined from theory with an uncertainty smaller than 0.2 ppm. We present calculations of the frequency-dependent part of this quantity including relativistic effects with full account of leading nuclear recoil terms and using highly optimized explicitly correlated basis sets. A particular emphasis is put on uncertainty estimates. At the He-Ne laser wavelength of 632.9908 nm, the computed polarizability value of 1.391 811 41 a.u. has uncertainty of 0.1 ppm that is two orders of magnitude smaller than those of the most accurate polarizability measurements. We also obtained an accurate expansion of the helium refractive index in powers of density.

Piszczatowski, Konrad; Komasa, Jacek; Jeziorski, Bogumil; Szalewicz, Krzysztof

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

A high liquid yield process for retorting various organic materials including oil shale  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention is a continuous retorting process for various high molecular weight organic materials, including oil shale, that yields an enhanced output of liquid product. The organic material, mineral matter, and an acidic catalyst, that appreciably adsorbs alkenes on surface sites at prescribed temperatures, are mixed and introduced into a pyrolyzer. A circulating stream of olefin enriched pyrolysis gas is continuously swept through the organic material and catalyst, whereupon, as the result of pyrolysis, the enhanced liquid product output is provided. Mixed spent organic material, mineral matter, and cool catalyst are continuously withdrawn from the pyrolyzer. Combustion of the spent organic material and mineral matter serves to reheat the catalyst. Olefin depleted pyrolysis gas, from the pyrolyzer, is enriched in olefins and recycled into the pyrolyzer. The reheated acidic catalyst is separated from the mineral matter and again mixed with fresh organic material, to maintain the continuously cyclic process. 2 figs.

Coburn, T.T.

1988-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

450

High liquid yield process for retorting various organic materials including oil shale  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention is a continuous retorting process for various high molecular weight organic materials, including oil shale, that yields an enhanced output of liquid product. The organic material, mineral matter, and an acidic catalyst, that appreciably adsorbs alkenes on surface sites at prescribed temperatures, are mixed and introduced into a pyrolyzer. A circulating stream of olefin enriched pyrolysis gas is continuously swept through the organic material and catalyst, whereupon, as the result of pyrolysis, the enhanced liquid product output is provided. Mixed spent organic material, mineral matter, and cool catalyst are continuously withdrawn from the pyrolyzer. Combustion of the spent organic material and mineral matter serves to reheat the catalyst. Olefin depleted pyrolysis gas, from the pyrolyzer, is enriched in olefins and recycled into the pyrolyzer. The reheated acidic catalyst is separated from the mineral matter and again mixed with fresh organic material, to maintain the continuously cyclic process.

Coburn, Thomas T. (Livermore, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Including radiative heat transfer and reaction quenching in modeling a Claus plant waste heat boiler  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to increasingly stringent sulfur emission regulations, improvements are necessary in the modified Claus process. A recently proposed model by Nasato et al. for the Claus plant waste heat boiler (WHB) is improved by including radiative heat transfer, which yields significant changes in the predicted heat flux and the temperature profile along the WHB tube, leading to a faster quenching of chemical reactions. For the WHB considered, radiation accounts for approximately 20% of the heat transferred by convection alone. More importantly, operating the WHB at a higher gas mass flux is shown to enhance reaction quenching, resulting in a doubling of the predicted hydrogen flow rate. This increase in hydrogen flow rate is sufficient to completely meet the hydrogen requirement of the H[sub 2]S recovery process considered, which would eliminate the need for a hydrogen plant.

Karan, K.; Mehrotra, A.K.; Behie, L.A. (Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering)

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Ionization potential of {sup 9}Be calculated including nuclear motion and relativistic corrections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Variational calculations employing explicitly correlated Gaussian functions have been performed for the ground states of {sup 9}Be and {sup 9}Be{sup +} including the nuclear motion [i.e., without assuming the Born-Oppenheimer (BO) approximation]. An approach based on the analytical energy gradient calculated with respect to the Gaussian exponential parameters was employed, leading to energies of the two systems noticeably improved over those found in the recent paper of Pachucki and Komasa [Phys. Rev. A 73, 052502 (2006)]. The non-BO wave functions were used to calculate the {alpha}{sup 2} relativistic corrections ({alpha}=e{sup 2}/({Dirac_h}/2{pi})c). With those corrections and the {alpha}{sup 3} and {alpha}{sup 4} corrections taken from Pachucki and Komasa, a new value of the ionization potential (IP) of {sup 9}Be was determined. It agrees very well with the most recent experimental IP.

Stanke, Monika [Department of Chemistry, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Institute of Physics, Nicholas Copernicus University, ulica Grudziadzka 5, PL 87-100 Torun (Poland); Kedziera, Dariusz [Department of Chemistry, Nicholas Copernicus University, ulica Gagarina 7, PL 87-100 Torun (Poland); Bubin, Sergiy [Department of Chemistry, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Adamowicz, Ludwik [Department of Chemistry, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

453

Non-Born-Oppenheimer calculations of the lowest vibrational energy of HD including relativistic corrections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work we report variational calculations of the two lowest vibrational states of the HD molecule within the framework that does not assume the Born-Oppenheimer (BO) approximation. The nonrelativistic energies of the states were corrected for the relativistic effects of the order of ?2 (where ?=1c), calculated as expectation values of the operators representing these effects with the nonrelativistic non-BO wave functions. The non-BO wave functions were expanded in terms of the one-center explicitly correlated Gaussian functions multiplied by even powers of the internuclear distance. The v=0?1 transition energy obtained in the calculations is compared with the previous calculations, as well as with the transition frequency obtained from the experimental spectra. The comparison shows the need to include corrections higher than second order in ? to further improve the agreement between the theory and the experiment.

Monika Stanke; Sergiy Bubin; Marcin Molski; Ludwik Adamowicz

2009-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

454

Simulation of thermal reset transitions in resistive switching memories including quantum effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An in-depth study of reset processes in RRAMs (Resistive Random Access Memories) based on Ni/HfO{sub 2}/Si-n{sup +} structures has been performed. To do so, we have developed a physically based simulator where both ohmic and tunneling based conduction regimes are considered along with the thermal description of the devices. The devices under study have been successfully fabricated and measured. The experimental data are correctly reproduced with the simulator for devices with a single conductive filament as well as for devices including several conductive filaments. The contribution of each conduction regime has been explained as well as the operation regimes where these ohmic and tunneling conduction processes dominate.

Villena, M. A.; Jiménez-Molinos, F.; Roldán, J. B. [Departamento de Electrónica y Tecnología de Computadores, Universidad de Granada, Facultad de Ciencias, Avd. Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada (Spain); González, M. B.; Campabadal, F. [Institut de Microelectrònica de Barcelona, IMB-CNM (CSIC), Campus UAB, 08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Suñé, J.; Miranda, E. [Departament d'Enginyeria Electrònica, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra Cerdanyola del Vallès 08193 (Spain); Romera, E. [Departamento de Física Atómica, Molecular y Nuclear and Instituto Carlos I de Física Teórica y Computacional, Universidad de Granada, Avd. Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada (Spain)

2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

455

Comparative chloroplast genomics: Analyses including new sequencesfrom the angiosperms Nuphar advena and Ranunculus macranthus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The number of completely sequenced plastid genomes available is growing rapidly. This new array of sequences presents new opportunities to perform comparative analyses. In comparative studies, it is most useful to compare across wide phylogenetic spans and, within angiosperms, to include representatives from basally diverging lineages such as the new genomes reported here: Nuphar advena (from a basal-most lineage) and Ranunculus macranthus (from the basal group of eudicots). We report these two new plastid genome sequences and make comparisons (within angiosperms, seed plants, or all photosynthetic lineages) to evaluate features such as the status of ycf15 and ycf68 as protein coding genes, the distribution of simple sequence repeats (SSRs) and longer dispersed repeats (SDR), and patterns of nucleotide composition.

Raubeso, Linda A.; Peery, Rhiannon; Chumley, Timothy W.; Dziubek,Chris; Fourcade, H. Matthew; Boore, Jeffrey L.; Jansen, Robert K.

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Engine including hydraulically actuated valvetrain and method of valve overlap control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An exhaust valve control method may include displacing an exhaust valve in communication with the combustion chamber of an engine to an open position using a hydraulic exhaust valve actuation system and returning the exhaust valve to a closed position using the hydraulic exhaust valve actuation assembly. During closing, the exhaust valve may be displaced for a first duration from the open position to an intermediate closing position at a first velocity by operating the hydraulic exhaust valve actuation assembly in a first mode. The exhaust valve may be displaced for a second duration greater than the first duration from the intermediate closing position to a fully closed position at a second velocity at least eighty percent less than the first velocity by operating the hydraulic exhaust valve actuation assembly in a second mode.

Cowgill, Joel (White Lake, MI)

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

457

Lined sampling vessel including a filter to separate solids from liquids on exit  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A filtering apparatus has an open canister with an inlet port. A canister lid is provided which includes an outlet port for the passage of fluids from the canister. Liners are also provided which are shaped to fit the interiors of the canister and the lid, with at least the canister liner preferably being flexible. The sample to be filtered is positioned inside the canister liner, with the lid and lid liner being put in place thereafter. A filter element is located between the sample and the outlet port. Seals are formed between the canister liner and lid liner, and around the outlet port to prevent fluid leakage. A pressure differential is created between the canister and the canister liner so that the fluid in the sample is ejected from the outlet port and the canister liner collapses around the retained solids.

Shurtliff, Rodney M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Klingler, Kerry M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Turner, Terry D. (Ammon, ID)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Reduced model for the description of radiation-matter interaction including atomic recoil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show that a model for the collective atomic recoil laser, previously introduced to include collisions with an external buffer gas, can be reduced to a single dynamical equation for the probe amplitude. This is the result of a clever adiabatic elimination of the atomic variables and of the assumption of a negligible effect of the probe field onto the atomic motion. This reduced model provides a fairly accurate description of the phase diagram of the original set of equations and allows for the investigation of more realistic regimes, where the direct simulation of the full model would be otherwise unfeasible. As a result, we find that the onset of a coherent field can be either described by a second- or first-order transition, the former scenario being observable only below a given temperature. Moreover, the first-order transition is accompanied by an intrinsic optical bistability region.

J. Javaloyes; G. L. Lippi; A. Politi

2003-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

459

Gravitational collapse of a macroscopic string by a Newtonian description including the effect of gravitational radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We make an attempt to dynamically study, in four space-time dimensions, the classical gravitational collapse of a macroscopic circular fundamental string, by a truncation of the Einstein equations that suppresses retarded features but keeps the main self-gravity peculiarities of the relativistic string dynamics, and allows the investigation of a possible infinite red-shift. The numerical solution of the string evolution in the self-induced metric shows an infinite red shift at a macroscopic size of the string, when the string reaches the velocity of light. We further include the back-reaction of the radiation of gravitons which induces energy dissipation: now the velocity of light is not reached, the infinite red-shift does not form and the string simply shrinks with damped oscillations.

Roberto Iengo

2007-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

460

Energy-density-functional calculations including the proton-neutron mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results of calculations based on the Skyrme energy density functional including the arbitrary mixing between protons and neutrons. In this framework, single-particle states are superpositions of proton and neutron components and the energy density functional is fully invariant with respect to three-dimensional rotations in the isospin space. The isospin of the system is controlled by means of the isocranking method, which carries over the standard cranking approach to the isospin space. We show numerical results of the isocranking calculations performed for isobaric analogue states in the A=14 and $A=40-56$ nuclei. We also present such results obtained for high-isospin states in $^{48}$Cr, with constraints on the isospin implemented by using the augmented Lagrange method.

Koichi Sato; Jacek Dobaczewski; Takashi Nakatsukasa; Wojciech Satu?a

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

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461

Open literature review of threats including sabotage and theft of fissile material transport in Japan.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a review of open literature concerning threats including sabotage and theft related to fissile material transport in Japan. It is intended to aid Japanese officials in the development of a design basis threat. This threat includes the external threats of the terrorist, criminal, and extremist, and the insider threats of the disgruntled employee, the employee forced into cooperation via coercion, the psychotic employee, and the criminal employee. Examination of the external terrorist threat considers Japanese demographics, known terrorist groups in Japan, and the international relations of Japan. Demographically, Japan has a relatively homogenous population, both ethnically and religiously. Japan is a relatively peaceful nation, but its history illustrates that it is not immune to terrorism. It has a history of domestic terrorism and the open literature points to the Red Army, Aum Shinrikyo, Chukaku-Ha, and Seikijuku. Japan supports the United States in its war on terrorism and in Iraq, which may make Japan a target for both international and domestic terrorists. Crime appears to remain low in Japan; however sources note that the foreign crime rate is increasing as the number of foreign nationals in the country increases. Antinuclear groups' recent foci have been nuclear reprocessing technology, transportation of MOX fuel, and possible related nuclear proliferation issues. The insider threat is first defined by the threat of the disgruntled employee. This threat can be determined by studying the history of Japan's employment system, where Keiretsu have provided company stability and lifetime employment. Recent economic difficulties and an increase of corporate crime, due to sole reliability on the honor code, have begun to erode employee loyalty.

Cochran, John Russell; Furaus, James Phillip; Marincel, Michelle K.

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

RDI's Wisdom Way Solar Village Final Report: Includes Utility Bill Analysis of Occupied Homes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2010, Rural Development, Inc. (RDI) completed construction of Wisdom Way Solar Village (WWSV), a community of ten duplexes (20 homes) in Greenfield, MA. RDI was committed to very low energy use from the beginning of the design process throughout construction. Key features include: 1. Careful site plan so that all homes have solar access (for active and passive); 2. Cellulose insulation providing R-40 walls, R-50 ceiling, and R-40 floors; 3. Triple-pane windows; 4. Airtight construction (~0.1 CFM50/ft2 enclosure area); 5. Solar water heating systems with tankless, gas, auxiliary heaters; 6. PV systems (2.8 or 3.4kWSTC); 7. 2-4 bedrooms, 1,100-1,700 ft2. The design heating loads in the homes were so small that each home is heated with a single, sealed-combustion, natural gas room heater. The cost savings from the simple HVAC systems made possible the tremendous investments in the homes' envelopes. The Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) monitored temperatures and comfort in several homes during the winter of 2009-2010. In the Spring of 2011, CARB obtained utility bill information from 13 occupied homes. Because of efficient lights, appliances, and conscientious home occupants, the energy generated by the solar electric systems exceeded the electric energy used in most homes. Most homes, in fact, had a net credit from the electric utility over the course of a year. On the natural gas side, total gas costs averaged $377 per year (for heating, water heating, cooking, and clothes drying). Total energy costs were even less - $337 per year, including all utility fees. The highest annual energy bill for any home evaluated was $458; the lowest was $171.

Robb Aldrich, Steven Winter Associates

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

THE WEATHER An unusually persistent and moist weather pattern led to rainfall totals from September 9th -15th  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

century. Muddy flood waters of Boulder Creek in Boulder, Colorado, during the rain and flooding event% probability per year flood) in some drainages but not in others, including Boulder Creek. THE HYDROLOGIC of September 2013. Photo: Getty Images. SEVERE FLOODING ONTHE COLORADO FRONT RANGE September 2013 A PRELIMINARY

464

Molecular Beam and Surface Science Studies of Heterogeneous Reaction Kinetics Including Combustion Dynamics. Final Technical Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research program examined the heterogeneous reaction kinetics and reaction dynamics of surface chemical processes which are of direct relevance to efficient energy production, condensed phase reactions, and mateials growth including nanoscience objectives. We have had several notable scientific and technical successes. Illustrative highlights include: (1) a thorough study of how one can efficiently produce synthesis gas (SynGas) at relatively low Rh(111) catalyst temperatures via the reaction CH{sub4}+1/2 O{sub2} {r_arrow} CO+2H{sub2}. In these studies methane activation is accomplished utilizing high-kinetic energy reagents generated via supersonic molecular beams, (2) experiments which have incisively probed the partial oxidation chemistry of adsorbed 1- and 2- butene on Rh and ice, as well as partial oxidation of propene on Au; (3) investigation of structural changes which occur to the reconstructed (23x{radical}3)-Au(111) surface upon exposure to atomic oxygen, (4) a combined experimental and theoretical examination of the fundamental atomic-level rules which govern defect minimization during the formation of self-organizing stepped nanostructures, (5) the use of these relatively defect-free nanotemplates for growing silicon nanowires having atomically-dimensioned widths, (6) a combined scanning probe and atomic beam scattering study of how the presence of self-assembling organic overlayers interact with metallic supports substrates - this work hs led to revision of the currently held view of how such adsorbates reconfigure surface structure at the atomic level, (7) an inelastic He atom scattering study in which we examined the effect of chain length on the low-energy vibrations of alkanethiol striped phase self-assembled monolayers on Au(111), yielding information on the forces that govern interfacial self-assembly, (8) a study of the vibrational properties of disordered films of SF{sub6} adsorbed on Au(111), and (9) a study of the activated chemistry and photochemistry of NO on NiO/Ni. Innovative STM and molecular beam instrumentation has been fabricated to enable this program.

Sibener, S. J.

2006-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

465

A decision support system prototype including human factors based on the TOGA meta-theory approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The human contribution to the risk of operation of complex technological systems is often not negligible and sometimes tends to become significant, as shown by many reports on incidents and accidents occurred in the past inside Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). An error of a human operator of a NPP can derive by both omission and commission. For instance, complex commission errors can also lead to significant catastrophic technological accidents, as for the case of the Three Mile Island accident. Typically, the problem is analyzed by focusing on the single event chain that has provoked the incident or accident. What is needed is a general framework able to include as many parameters as possible, i.e. both technological and human factors. Such a general model could allow to envisage an omission or commission error before it can happen or, alternatively, suggest preferred actions to do in order to take countermeasures to neutralize the effect of the error before it becomes critical. In this paper, a preliminary Decision Support System (DSS) based on the so-called (-) TOGA meta-theory approach is presented. The application of such a theory to the management of nuclear power plants has been presented in the previous ICAPP 2011. Here, a human factor simulator prototype is proposed in order to include the effect of human errors in the decision path. The DSS has been developed using a TRIGA research reactor as reference plant, and implemented using the LabVIEW programming environment and the Finite State Machine (FSM) model The proposed DSS shows how to apply the Universal Reasoning Paradigm (URP) and the Universal Management Paradigm (UMP) to a real plant context. The DSS receives inputs from instrumentation data and gives as output a suggested decision. It is obtained as the result of an internal elaborating process based on a performance function. The latter, describes the degree of satisfaction and efficiency, which are dependent on the level of responsibility related to each professional role. As an application, we present the simulation of the discussed error, e.g. the unchecked extraction of the control rods during a power variation maneuver and we show how the effect of human errors can affect the performance function, giving rise to different countermeasures which could call different operator figures into play, potentially not envisaged in the standard procedure. (authors)

Cappelli, M.; Memmi, F. [UTFISST, ENEA Casaccia, via Anguillarese 301, Rome (Italy); Gadomski, A. M. [ECONA, Centro Interuniv. Elaborazione Cognitiva Sistemi Naturali e Artificiali, via dei Marsi 47, Rome (Italy); Sepielli, M. [UTFISST, ENEA Casaccia, via Anguillarese 301, Rome (Italy)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state includes:  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NE Nebraska Total Sum City, County, and SEO Allocations NE Nebraska Total Sum City, County, and SEO Allocations All $18,810,300 NE Nebraska State Energy Office $9,593,500 NE Bellevue City $194,200 NE Fremont City $106,400 NE Grand Island City $199,000 NE Hastings City $109,900 NE Kearney City $131,100 NE Lincoln City $2,401,000 NE Norfolk City $101,500 NE North Platte City $105,300 NE Omaha City $4,331,500 NE Papillion City $91,300 NE Cass County $99,900 NE Dakota County $87,300 NE Dawson County $106,300 NE Douglas County $255,800 NE Gage County $98,000 NE Lancaster County $110,300 NE Platte County $139,200 NE Sarpy County $312,600 NE Saunders County $80,600 NE Scotts Bluff County $155,600 In addition, today's announcement includes funding for the following Tribal

467

Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state includes:  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NM New Mexico Total Sum City, County, and SEO NM New Mexico Total Sum City, County, and SEO Allocations All $20,608,300 NM New Mexico State Energy Office $9,593,500 NM Alamogordo City $147,700 NM Albuquerque City $5,051,200 NM Carlsbad City $107,800 NM Clovis City $139,800 NM Farmington City $191,800 NM Hobbs City $128,700 NM Las Cruces City $888,000 NM Rio Rancho City $697,000 NM Roswell City $195,500 NM Santa Fe City $781,600 NM Bernalillo County $459,500 NM Dona Ana County $446,900 NM Grant County $126,400 NM McKinley County $299,600 NM Rio Arriba County $166,500 NM San Juan County $329,400 NM Sandoval County $169,500 NM Santa Fe County $264,000 NM Taos County $134,100 NM Valencia County $289,800 In addition, today's announcement includes funding for the following Tribal

468

Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state includes:  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NV NV Nevada Total Sum City, County, and SEO Allocations All $31,983,500 NV Nevada State Energy Office $9,593,500 NV Boulder City City $61,600 NV Carson City City $538,900 NV Elko City $76,500 NV Fernley City $52,000 NV Henderson City $2,237,000 NV Las Vegas City $5,449,200 NV Mesquite City $69,900 NV North Las Vegas City $1,907,400 NV Reno City $2,142,800 NV Sparks City $840,000 NV Churchill County $104,900 NV Clark County $7,663,500 NV Douglas County $195,000 NV Elko County $123,600 NV Humboldt County $75,600 NV Lyon County $165,200 NV Nye County $185,700 NV Pershing County $50,000 NV Washoe County $401,200 NV White Pine County $50,000 In addition, today's announcement includes funding for the following Tribal

469

SEARCHING FOR EXTRATERRESTRIAL INTELLIGENCE SIGNALS IN ASTRONOMICAL SPECTRA, INCLUDING EXISTING DATA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main purpose of this article is to make astronomers aware that Searches for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETIs) can be carried out by analyzing standard astronomical spectra, including those they have already taken. Simplicity is the outstanding advantage of a search in spectra. The spectra can be analyzed by simple eye inspection or a few lines of code that uses Fourier transform software. Theory, confirmed by published experiments, shows that periodic signals in spectra can be easily generated by sending light pulses separated by constant time intervals. While part of this article, like all articles on SETIs, is highly speculative the basic physics is sound. In particular, technology now available on Earth could be used to send signals having the required energy to be detected at a target located 1000 lt-yr away. Extraterrestrial Intelligence (ETI) could use these signals to make us aware of their existence. For an ETI, the technique would also have the advantage that the signals could be detected both in spectra and searches for intensity pulses like those currently carried out on Earth.

Borra, Ermanno F., E-mail: borra@phy.ulaval.ca [Centre d'Optique, Photonique et Laser, Departement de Physique, Universite Laval, Quebec G1 K 7P4 (Canada)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

A comparative assessment of the economics of plutonium disposition including comparison with other nuclear fuel cycles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DOE has been evaluating three technologies for the disposition of approximately 50 metric tons of surplus plutonium from defense-related programs: reactors, immobilization, and deep boreholes. As part of the process supporting an early CY 1997 Record of Decision (ROD), a comprehensive assessment of technical viability, cost, and schedule has been conducted. Oak Ridge National Laboratory has managed and coordinated the life-cycle cost (LCC) assessment effort for this program. This paper discusses the economic analysis methodology and the results prior to ROD. Other objectives of the paper are to discuss major technical and economic issues that impact plutonium disposition cost and schedule. Also to compare the economics of a once-through weapons-derived MOX nuclear fuel cycle to other fuel cycles, such as those utilizing spent fuel reprocessing. To evaluate the economics of these technologies on an equitable basis, a set of cost estimating guidelines and a common cost-estimating format were utilized by all three technology teams. This paper also includes the major economic analysis assumptions and the comparative constant-dollar and discounted-dollar LCCs.

Williams, K.A.; Miller, J.W.; Reid, R.L.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Applying environmental externalities to US Clean Coal Technologies for Asia. [Including external environmental costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States is well positioned to play an expanding role in meeting the energy technology demands of the Asian Pacific Basin, including Indonesia, Thailand, and the Republic of China (ROC-Taiwan). The US Department of Energy Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Demonstration Program provides a proving ground for innovative coal-related technologies that can be applied domestically and abroad. These innovative US CCTs are expected to satisfy increasingly stringent environmental requirements while substantially improving power generation efficiencies. They should also provide distinct advantages over conventional pulverized coal-fired combustors. Finally, they are expected to be competitive with other energy options currently being considered in the region. This paper presents potential technology scenarios for Indonesia, Thailand, and the ROC-Taiwan and considers an environmental cost-benefit approach employing a newly developed method of applying environmental externalities. Results suggest that the economic benefits from increased emission control can indeed be quantified and used in cost-benefit comparisons, and that US CCTs can be very cost effective in reducing emissions.

Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

cDNA encoding a polypeptide including a hev ein sequence  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cDNA clone (HEV1) encoding hevein was isolated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mixed oligonucleotides corresponding to two regions of hevein as primers and a Hevea brasiliensis latex cDNA library as a template. HEV1 is 1018 nucleotides long and includes an open reading frame of 204 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contains a putative signal sequence of 17 amino acid residues followed by a 187 amino acid polypeptide. The amino-terminal region (43 amino acids) is identical to hevein and shows homology to several chitin-binding proteins and to the amino-termini of wound-induced genes in potato and poplar. The carboxyl-terminal portion of the polypeptide (144 amino acids) is 74-79% homologous to the carboxyl-terminal region of wound-inducible genes of potato. Wounding, as well as application of the plant hormones abscisic acid and ethylene, resulted in accumulation of hevein transcripts in leaves, stems and latex, but not in roots, as shown by using the cDNA as a probe. A fusion protein was produced in E. coli from the protein of the present invention and maltose binding protein produced by the E. coli.

Raikhel, Natasha V. (Okemos, MI); Broekaert, Willem F. (Dilbeek, BE); Chua, Nam-Hai (Scarsdale, NY); Kush, Anil (New York, NY)

2000-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

473

Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state includes:  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

MT MT Montana Total Sum City, County, and SEO Allocations All $13,971,000 MT Montana State Energy Office $9,593,500 MT Anaconda-Deer Lodge City $50,000 MT Billings City $1,003,000 MT Bozeman City $175,500 MT Butte-Silver Bow City $138,700 MT Great Falls City $570,100 MT Havre City $50,000 MT Helena City $138,600 MT Kalispell City $96,700 MT Miles City City $50,000 MT Missoula City $680,400 MT Cascade County $94,400 MT Flathead County $274,200 MT Gallatin County $198,700 MT Lake County $119,500 MT Lewis and Clark County $120,400 MT Lincoln County $80,000 MT Missoula County $151,000 MT Park County $67,100 MT Ravalli County $167,400 MT Yellowstone County $151,800 In addition, today's announcement includes funding for the following Tribal

474

ON THE X-RAY EMISSION MECHANISMS OF THE PERSISTENT SOURCE AND VERY LOW FLUENCE BURSTS OF SGR J0501+4516  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present here a detailed spectral study of the X-ray emission of the persistent source and the low-fluence bursts of SGR J0501+4516 observed during a deep XMM-Newton observation near the peak of its 2008 outburst. For the persistent emission, we employ a physically motivated continuum emission model and spectroscopically determine important source properties such as the surface magnetic field strength and the magnetospheric scattering optical depth. We find that the magnetar surface temperature near the peak of its activity is 0.38 keV, corresponding to an emission area of 131 km{sup 2} at a distance of 2 kpc. The surface magnetic field strength determined spectroscopically, B = 2.2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} G, is consistent with the dipole field strength inferred from the source spin and spin-down rate. We fit the stacked spectra of 129 very faint bursts with a modified blackbody model and find a temperature of 1.16 keV, corresponding to an emission area of 93 km{sup 2}. We also find evidence for cooling during the burst decay phase.

Lin Lin; Goegues, Ersin; Guever, Tolga [Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabanc Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I University, Orhanl Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I -Tuzla, Istanbul 34956 (Turkey); Kouveliotou, Chryssa, E-mail: linlin@sabanciuniv.edu [Science and Technology Office, ZP12, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States)

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

475

Determination of prescription dose for Cs-131 permanent implants using the BED formalism including resensitization correction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The current widely used biological equivalent dose (BED) formalism for permanent implants is based on the linear-quadratic model that includes cell repair and repopulation but not resensitization (redistribution and reoxygenation). The authors propose a BED formalism that includes all the four biological effects (4Rs), and the authors propose how it can be used to calculate appropriate prescription doses for permanent implants with Cs-131. Methods: A resensitization correction was added to the BED calculation for permanent implants to account for 4Rs. Using the same BED, the prescription doses with Au-198, I-125, and Pd-103 were converted to the isoeffective Cs-131 prescription doses. The conversion factor F, ratio of the Cs-131 dose to the equivalent dose with the other reference isotope (F{sub r}: with resensitization, F{sub n}: without resensitization), was thus derived and used for actual prescription. Different values of biological parameters such as ?, ?, and relative biological effectiveness for different types of tumors were used for the calculation. Results: Prescription doses with I-125, Pd-103, and Au-198 ranging from 10 to 160 Gy were converted into prescription doses with Cs-131. The difference in dose conversion factors with (F{sub r}) and without (F{sub n}) resensitization was significant but varied with different isotopes and different types of tumors. The conversion factors also varied with different doses. For I-125, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 0.51/0.46, for fast growing tumors, and 0.88/0.77 for slow growing tumors. For Pd-103, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 1.25/1.15 for fast growing tumors, and 1.28/1.22 for slow growing tumors. For Au-198, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 1.08/1.25 for fast growing tumors, and 1.00/1.06 for slow growing tumors. Using the biological parameters for the HeLa/C4-I cells, the averaged value of F{sub r} was 1.07/1.11 (rounded to 1.1), and the averaged value of F{sub n} was 1.75/1.18. F{sub r} of 1.1 has been applied to gynecological cancer implants with expected acute reactions and outcomes as expected based on extensive experience with permanent implants. The calculation also gave the average Cs-131 dose of 126 Gy converted from the I-125 dose of 144 Gy for prostate implants. Conclusions: Inclusion of an allowance for resensitization led to significant dose corrections for Cs-131 permanent implants, and should be applied to prescription dose calculation. The adjustment of the Cs-131 prescription doses with resensitization correction for gynecological permanent implants was consistent with clinical experience and observations. However, the Cs-131 prescription doses converted from other implant doses can be further adjusted based on new experimental results, clinical observations, and clinical outcomes.

Luo, Wei, E-mail: wei.luo@uky.edu; Molloy, Janelle; Aryal, Prakash; Feddock, Jonathan; Randall, Marcus [Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

476

DNA sequence analyses of blended herbal products including synthetic cannabinoids as designer drugs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years, various herbal products adulterated with synthetic cannabinoids have been distributed worldwide via the Internet. These herbal products are mostly sold as incense, and advertised as not for human consumption. Although their labels indicate that they contain mixtures of several potentially psychoactive plants, and numerous studies have reported that they contain a variety of synthetic cannabinoids, their exact botanical contents are not always clear. In this study, we investigated the origins of botanical materials in 62 Spice-like herbal products distributed on the illegal drug market in Japan, by DNA sequence analyses and BLAST searches. The nucleotide sequences of four regions were analyzed to identify the origins of each plant species in the herbal mixtures. The sequences of “Damiana” (Turnera diffusa) and Lamiaceae herbs (Mellissa, Mentha and Thymus) were frequently detected in a number of products. However, the sequences of other plant species indicated on the packaging labels were not detected. In a few products, DNA fragments of potent psychotropic plants were found, including marijuana (Cannabis sativa), “Diviner's Sage” (Salvia divinorum) and “Kratom” (Mitragyna speciosa). Their active constituents were also confirmed using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) and liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS), although these plant names were never indicated on the labels. Most plant species identified in the products were different from the plants indicated on the labels. The plant materials would be used mainly as diluents for the psychoactive synthetic compounds, because no reliable psychoactive effects have been reported for most of the identified plants, with the exception of the psychotropic plants named above.

Jun Ogata; Nahoko Uchiyama; Ruri Kikura-Hanajiri; Yukihiro Goda

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Thermoelectric material including a multiple transition metal-doped type I clathrate crystal structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermoelectric material includes a multiple transition metal-doped type I clathrate crystal structure having the formula A.sub.8TM.sub.y.sub.1.sup.1TM.sub.y.sub.2.sup.2 . . . TM.sub.y.sub.n.sup.nM.sub.zX.sub.46-y.sub.1.sub.-y.sub.2.sub.- . . . -y.sub.n.sub.-z. In the formula, A is selected from the group consisting of barium, strontium, and europium; X is selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, and tin; M is selected from the group consisting of aluminum, gallium, and indium; TM.sup.1, TM.sup.2, and TM.sup.n are independently selected from the group consisting of 3d, 4d, and 5d transition metals; and y.sub.1, y.sub.2, y.sub.n and Z are actual compositions of TM.sup.1, TM.sup.2, TM.sup.n, and M, respectively. The actual compositions are based upon nominal compositions derived from the following equation: z=8q.sub.A-|.DELTA.q.sub.1|y.sub.1-|.DELTA.q.sub.2|y.sub.2- . . . -|.DELTA.q.sub.n|y.sub.n, wherein q.sub.A is a charge state of A, and wherein .DELTA.q.sub.1, .DELTA.q.sub.2, .DELTA.q.sub.n are, respectively, the nominal charge state of the first, second, and n-th TM.

Yang, Jihui (Lakeshore, CA); Shi, Xun (Troy, MI); Bai, Shengqiang (Shanghai, CN); Zhang, Wenqing (Shanghai, CN); Chen, Lidong (Shanghai, CN); Yang, Jiong (Shanghai, CN)

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

478

Structure of gramicidin D-RbCl complex at atomic resolution from low-temperature synchrotron data: interactions of double-stranded gramicidin channel contents and cations with channel wall  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gramicidin D (gD) is a naturally occurring ionophoric antibiotic that forms membrane channels specific for monovalent cations. The crystal structure of the RbCl complex of gD has been determined at 1.14 {angstrom} resolution from low-temperature (100 K) synchrotron-radiation data with a final R of 16%. The structure was refined with anisotropic temperature factors for all non-H atoms and with partial occupancies for many of them. The asymmetric unit in the crystal contains four crystallographically independent molecules that form two right-handed antiparallel double-stranded dimers. There are seven distinct rubidium-binding sites in each dimeric channel. The occupancy factors of Rb cations are between 0.11 and 0.35 and the total ion contents of the two crystallographically independent channels are 1.59 and 1.22 ions, respectively. Although each channel is 'chemically symmetrical', the side-chain conformations, the distributions of rubidium cations and their binding sites in the two independent channels are not. Cations are 'coordinated' by delocalized {pi}-electrons of three to five carbonyl groups that together with peptide backbone chains form the gramicidin channel walls. The water:cation ratio in the channel interior is four or five:one, and five or six waters separate Rb cations during their passage through the channel.

Glówka, M.L.; Olczak, A.; Bojarska, J.; Szczesio, M.; Duax, W.L.; Burkhart, B.M.; Pangborn, W.A.; Langs, D.A.; Wawrzak, Z. (Poland); (NWU); (Hauptman)

2010-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

479

Composting of soils/sediments and sludges containing toxic organics including high energy explosives. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laboratory and pilot-scale experimentation were conducted to evaluate composting as an on-site treatment technology to remediate soils contaminated with hazardous waste at DOE`s PANTEX Plant. Suspected contaminated sites within the PANTEX Plant were sampled and analyzed for explosives, other organics, and inorganic wastes. Soils in drainage ditches and playas at PANTEX Plant were found to be contaminated with low levels of explosives (including RDX, HMX, PETN and TATB). Additional sites previously used for solvent disposal were heavily contaminated with solvents and transformation products of the solvent, as well as explosives and by-products of explosives. Laboratory studies were conducted using {sup 14}C-labeled explosives and {sup 14}C-labeled diacetone alcohol contaminated soil loaded into horse manure/hay composts at three rates: 20, 30, and 40%(W/W). The composts were incubated for six weeks at approximately 60{degree}C with continuous aeration. All explosives degraded rapidly and were reduced to below detection limits within 3 weeks in the laboratory studies. {sup 14}C-degradates from {sup 14}C-RDX, {sup 14}C-HMX and {sup 14}C-TATB were largely limited to {sup 14}CO{sub 2} and unextracted residue in the compost. Volatile and non-volatile {sup 14}C-degradates were found to result from {sup 14}C-PETN breakdown, but these compounds were not identified. {sup 14}C-diacetone alcohol concentrations were significantly reduced during composting. However, most of the radioactivity was volatilized from the compost as non-{sup 14}CO{sub 2} degradates or as {sup 14}C-diacetone alcohol. Pilot scale composts loaded with explosives contaminated soil at 30% (W/W) with intermittent aeration were monitored over six weeks. Data from the pilot-scale study generally was in agreement with the laboratory studies. However, the {sup 14}C-labeled TATB degraded much faster than the unlabeled TATB. Some formulations of TATB may be more resistant to composting activity than others.

Doyle, R.C.; Kitchens, J.F.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Improved best estimate plus uncertainty methodology including advanced validation concepts to license evolving nuclear reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many evolving nuclear energy programs plan to use advanced predictive multi-scale multi-physics simulation and modeling capabilities to reduce cost and time from design through licensing. Historically, the role of experiments was primary tool for design and understanding of nuclear system behavior while modeling and simulation played the subordinate role of supporting experiments. In the new era of multi-scale multi-physics computational based technology development, the experiments will still be needed but they will be performed at different scales to calibrate and validate models leading predictive simulations. Cost saving goals of programs will require us to minimize the required number of validation experiments. Utilization of more multi-scale multi-physics models introduces complexities in the validation of predictive tools. Traditional methodologies will have to be modified to address these arising issues. This paper lays out the basic aspects of a methodology that can be potentially used to address these new challenges in design and licensing of evolving nuclear technology programs. The main components of the proposed methodology are verification, validation, calibration, and uncertainty quantification. An enhanced calibration concept is introduced and is accomplished through data assimilation. The goal is to enable best-estimate prediction of system behaviors in both normal and safety related environments. To achieve this goal requires the additional steps of estimating the domain of validation and quantification of uncertainties that allow for extension of results to areas of the validation domain that are not directly tested with experiments, which might include extension of the modeling and simulation (M&S) capabilities for application to full-scale systems. The new methodology suggests a formalism to quantify an adequate level of validation (predictive maturity) with respect to required selective data so that required testing can be minimized for cost saving purposes by showing further testing wold not enhance the quality of the validation of predictive tools. The proposed methodology is at a conceptual level. When matured and if considered favorably by the stakeholders, it could serve as a new framework for the next generation of the best estimate plus uncertainty licensing methodology that USNRC developed previously. In order to come to that level of maturity it is necessary to communicate the methodology to scientific, design and regulatory stakeholders for discussion and debates. This paper is the first step to establish this communication.

Unal, Cetin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Williams, Brian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mc Clure, Patrick [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nelson, Ralph A [IDAHO NATIONAL LAB

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including persistent stranded" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

Dynamic Incompressible Navier-Stokes Model of Catalytic Converter in 1-D Including Fundamental Oxidation Reaction Rate Expressions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, this work includes the history of the fundamental reactions of automotive catalysts including carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen (H2) and nitric oxide (NO) oxidation on a widely used material formulation (platinum catalyst on alumina washcoat). A detailed report...

Loya, Sudarshan Kedarnath

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

482

Persistent and transient photoconductivity in oxygen-deficient La2/3Sr1/3MnO3-? thin films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Light illumination produces major, interesting changes of the electrical properties of oxygen deficient La2/3Sr1/3MnO3-? thin films. At small oxygen deficiency, the classical insulator-metal (I-M) transition at a temperature Tp decreases with increasing oxygen deficiency. The low-temperature metallic behavior in darkness shows a persistent increase of the conductivity with light. This photoconductivity increases with oxygen deficiency (from a few to 60%). At large oxygen deficiency, the films are semiconducting in darkness, from helium to room temperature and light induces a transient photoconductivity and a low-temperature I-M transition. The intriguing possibility of collective light induced magnetism is discussed.

R. Cauro, A. Gilabert, J. P. Contour, R. Lyonnet, M.-G. Medici, J.-C. Grenet, C. Leighton, and Ivan K. Schuller

2001-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

483

The first broad-band persistent X-ray spectrum of the dipping low mass X-ray binary EXO 0748-676  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the results of a BeppoSAX observation of the dipping LMXRB EXO 0748-676 performed in 2000 November. This is the first simultaneous observation of this source over the 0.1-100 keV energy range. The persistent spectrum is complex and shows a soft excess, which requires the inclusion of an ionized absorber (with a sub-solar abundance of iron). A cutoff power-law is a good fit to the high energy part of the spectrum, with a photon index of 1.3 and a cutoff around 50 keV. The 0.1-100 keV luminosity is 8.2E36 erg/s.

L. Sidoli; A. N. Parmar; T. Oosterbroek

2004-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

484

Expansion of the NRL Tight-Binding Method to Include f-orbitals and Application in Thorium and Actinium .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The current NRL Tight-Binding suite of programs was designed to only include s, p, and d orbitals in the basis. Because of this limitation, materials… (more)

Durgavich, Joel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

OUR SPACES--THE MOST USED RESOURCE ON Library facilities include two main libraries--the D. H. Hill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OUR SPACES--THE MOST USED RESOURCE ON CAMPUS Library facilities include two main libraries--the D libraries are open 24 hours, five days per week during the academic year. Key spaces include: · Learning. H. Hill Library and the James B. Hunt Jr. Library--as well as the Harrye B. Lyons Design Library

Young, R. Michael

486

Entomology Department safety training for new employees Anyone who works in a laboratory (including the Bohart Museum)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Entomology Department safety training for new employees Anyone who works in a laboratory (including safety manager of the space in which the employee is working. This includes required PPE. 3. Employees the Bohart Museum) 1. General training a. Employee completes the online UC Laboratory Safety Fundamentals

Ishida, Yuko

487

Red Flag Warnings are in effect for much of Colorado today, including the area of the High Park Fire.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: This daily wildfire update is provided by the Colorado State Forest Service to keep you informed of current not cover all wildfires currently burning in Colorado, including smaller fires and those burning onlyPage 1 Red Flag Warnings are in effect for much of Colorado today, including the area of the High

Stephens, Graeme L.

488

LOCATIONS OF LIBRARY MATERIALS Syracuse University Libraries include Bird Library, Carnegie Library, and the Geology Library in Heroy Geology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOCATIONS OF LIBRARY MATERIALS Syracuse University Libraries include Bird Library, Carnegie Library, and the Geology Library in Heroy Geology Laboratory. Our catalog also includes material housed in the separately administered Law Library in White Hall and the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library in the Department

McConnell, Terry

489

Electrolytic/fuel cell bundles and systems including a current collector in communication with an electrode thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrolytic/fuel cell bundles and systems including such bundles include an electrically conductive current collector in communication with an anode or a cathode of each of a plurality of cells. A cross-sectional area of the current collector may vary in a direction generally parallel to a general direction of current flow through the current collector. The current collector may include a porous monolithic structure. At least one cell of the plurality of cells may include a current collector that surrounds an outer electrode of the cell and has at least six substantially planar exterior surfaces. The planar surfaces may extend along a length of the cell, and may abut against a substantially planar surface of a current collector of an adjacent cell. Methods for generating electricity and for performing electrolysis include flowing current through a conductive current collector having a varying cross-sectional area.

Hawkes, Grant L.; Herring, James S.; Stoots, Carl M.; O'Brien, James E.

2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

490

The influence of auxiliary codopants on persistent phosphor Sr{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+},R{sup 3+} (R = Y, La, Ce, Gd, Tb and Lu)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: Rare earth ions which close to the line are good codopants. - Highlights: • The persistent luminescence in Sr{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+},R{sup 3+} was reported. • Sr{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+},Lu{sup 3+} shows the best performance. • The influence of auxiliary codopants was discussed in terms of ionic potential and ionic radius. - Abstract: We investigate the persistent luminescence in europium-doped strontium pyrophosphate upon codoping with auxiliary rare earth ions. The persistent phosphors are synthesized via solid-state reaction method under flowing N{sub 2} + H{sub 2}. Under UV irradiation, broadband emission persistent luminescence located at 420 nm is observed in all of these phosphors at room temperature. The effects of auxiliary rare earth ions on Sr{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+} are discussed according to the decay curves and thermoluminescence spectra. Sr{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+},Lu{sup 3+} shows the best performance, while and La{sup 3+} and Ce{sup 3+} codoped samples are the weakest. The influence of auxiliary codopants is discussed in terms of ionic potential and ionic radius. We derive an empirical formula based on the experimental results.

Ju, Guifang; Hu, Yihua, E-mail: huyh@gdut.edu.cn; Chen, Li; Wang, Xiaojuan; Mu, Zhongfei

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

491

Bubbles in live-stranded dolphins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...experience in marine mammal pathology. All cadavers were held in a chiller once at the laboratory, with the exception of one animal...to an air-containing structure), gas forming bacteria, absorption of intestinal gas, iatrogenic introduction, decomposition...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Bubbles in live-stranded dolphins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Sciences, Texas AM University-Corpus Christi, , 6300 Ocean Drive, Unit 5892, Corpus Christi, TX 78412, USA 4 Marine...with B-mode ultrasound. Gas was identified in kidneys...have similar problems during natural dives. This cannot be explained...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Meer und Strand. '2nd Ed.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

gers, from the Scylla of producing a book of anec- dotes about strange animals, to the Charybdis of devoting so much space to explaining currents, tides, and ...

1999-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

494

Nanocomposites for ultra high density information storage, devices including the same, and methods of making the same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nanocomposite article that includes a single-crystal or single-crystal-like substrate and heteroepitaxial, phase-separated layer supported by a surface of the substrate and a method of making the same are described. The heteroepitaxial layer can include a continuous, non-magnetic, crystalline, matrix phase, and an ordered, magnetic magnetic phase disposed within the matrix phase. The ordered magnetic phase can include a plurality of self-assembled crystalline nanostructures of a magnetic material. The phase-separated layer and the single crystal substrate can be separated by a buffer layer. An electronic storage device that includes a read-write head and a nanocomposite article with a data storage density of 0.75 Tb/in.sup.2 is also described.

Goyal, Amit; Shin, Junsoo

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

A Descriptive Study of Additional Risk Minimization Measures Included in Risk Management Plans Reviewed by the United Kingdom Regulatory Authority  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ninety-five (42%) of 225 RMPs assessed by the MHRA included ARMMs. ARMMs were used more frequently for biological than chemical products (47 vs. 40%). The most common forms of ARMMs were educational materials for...

Sophie Keddie

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

habitual speech of stutterers that included bilateral motor system activation, overalloveractivation inthe motor system and reduced left  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;habitual speech of stutterers that included bilateral motor system activation, and Braun (2003) compared brain activations of both nonstuttering and stutter- ing individuals during and after fluency shaping therapy for stuttering. Such treatment in adults essentially teaches a modified

497

SBIR/STTR Phase I Release 2 Technical Topics Announced for FY14 Fuel Cell Topics Included  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Phase I Release 2 technical topics include prototype fuel cell-battery electric hybrid trucks for waste transportation and novel membranes and non-platinum group metal catalysts for direct methanol as well as hydrogen fuel cells.

498

Echolocation-based foraging by harbor porpoises and sperm whales, including effects of noise and acoustic propagation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, I provide quantitative descriptions of toothed whale echolocation and foraging behavior, including assessment of the effects of noise on foraging behavior and the potential influence of ocean acoustic ...

DeRuiter, Stacy L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Application of honey-bee mating optimization on state estimation of a power distribution system including distributed generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a new approach based on honey-bee mating optimization to estimate the state variables in distribution networks including distributed generators. The proposed method considers practical models of...

Taher Niknam

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Linear response theory in asymmetric nuclear matter for Skyrme functionals including spin-orbit and tensor terms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The formalism of linear response theory for a Skyrme functional including spin-orbit and tensor terms is generalized to the case of infinite nuclear matter with arbitrary isospin asymmetry. Response functions are obtained by solving an algebraic system of equations, which is explicitly given. Spin-isospin strength functions are analyzed varying the conditions of density, momentum transfer, asymmetry and temperature. The presence of instabilities, including the spinodal one, is studied by means of the static susceptibility.

D. Davesne; A. Pastore; J. Navarro

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z