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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Building Envelope Research | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building Envelope Research Building Envelope Research Building Envelope Research The Emerging Technology team conducts research into technologies and processes related to the building envelope. The goal of these efforts is to help reduce the amount of energy used in the building envelope by 20% compared to 2010 levels. By partnering with industry, researchers, and other stakeholders, the Department of Energy acts as a catalyst in developing new materials, coatings, and systems designed to improve energy efficiency. Research in building envelope technologies includes: Foundations Insulation Roofing and Attics Walls Foundations Photo of the concrete foundation of a building that's under construction. Building foundation insulation systems can help improve energy efficiency, but are affected by variables that can be hard to detect, such moisture.

2

Building Envelopes | Clean Energy | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Envelope Envelope SHARE Building Envelopes MFEL.jpg The building envelope-the materials that separate the indoor and outdoor environments-primarily determines the amount of energy required to heat, cool, and ventilate a building. The envelope also can significantly influence energy needs in areas accessible to sunlight. To cost-effectively improve the energy efficiency, moisture-durability, and environmental sustainability of building envelopes, ORNL is exploring new and emerging materials, components, and systems as well as the fundamentals of heat, air, and moisture transfer. Research is also focused on multifunctional solutions where the envelope serves as a filter that selectively accepts or rejects solar radiation and outdoor air, depending on the need for heating, cooling, ventilation, and lighting.

3

IEA Task 27 BUILDING ENVELOPE COMPONENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEA Task 27 BUILDING ENVELOPE COMPONENTS Performance, durability and sustainability of advanced windows and solar components for building envelopes Energy Performance Assessment Methodology Starting................................................................................................................................................. 3 2 Concepts of Energy Performance Assessment of Building Envelopes

4

Webinar: Introduction to Pre-engineered Metal Building Envelope  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Webinar: Introduction to Pre-engineered Metal Building Envelope Webinar: Introduction to Pre-engineered Metal Building Envelope Commissioning Webinar: Introduction to Pre-engineered Metal Building Envelope Commissioning November 22, 2013 1:00PM EST The metal building industry produces more than 50% of all new low-rise nonresidential construction in the United States. These buildings serve many different end uses, including commercial, industrial, institutional, and educational applications. In this introduction to commissioning for building envelopes, participants will learn about the benefits of pre-engineered metal building envelope commissioning, stakeholders and participants, current guidelines and standards related to commissioning and envelope-specific commissioning tests. The information in this webinar will also be widely applicable to

5

Building envelope thermal anomaly analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed study has been made of building energy thermal anomalies (BETA's) in a large modern office building using computer simulation, on-site inspections, and infrared thermography. The goal was to better understand the heat and moisture flow through these ''bridges,'' develop the beginnings of a classification scheme, and establish techniques for assessing the potential for retrofit or initial design modifications. In terms of presently available analytical techniques, a one-dimensional equivalent of the bridge and its affected area can be created from a steady-state computer simulation. This equivalent, combined with a degree day model, yields good estimates of the bridge behavior in buildings employing heating only. With heating and cooling, the equivalent must be used with an hour-by-hour simulation. A classification scheme based on the one-dimensional equivalent is proposed which should make it possible to create a catalog of basic bridge types that can be used to estimate their effects without requiring a complete hour-by-hour simulation of each building. The classification relates both energy loss and moisture condensation potential to the bridge configuration and the building envelope. The potential for moisture condensation on interior surfaces near a BETA was found to be as significant as the energy loss and this factor needds to be considered in assessing the complete detrimental effects of a bridge. With such a catalog, building designers and analysts would be able to determine and estimate the advantages or disadvantages of modifying the building envelope to reduce the impact of a thermal bridge. 18 refs., 31 figs., 17 tabs.

Melton, B.S.; Mulroney, P.; Scott, T.; Childs, K.W.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Ozone Reductions Using Residential Building Envelopes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ozone is an air pollutant with that can have significant health effects and a significant source of ozone in some regions of California is outdoor air. Because people spend the vast majority of their time indoors, reduction in indoor levels of ozone could lead to improved health for many California residents. Ozone is removed from indoor air by surface reactions and can also be filtered by building envelopes. The magnitude of the envelope impact depends on the specific building materials that the air flows over and the geometry of the air flow paths through the envelope that can be changes by mechanical ventilation operation. The 2008 Residential Building Standards in California include minimum requirements for mechanical ventilation by referencing ASHRAE Standard 62.2. This study examines the changes in indoor ozone depending on the mechanical ventilation system selected to meet these requirements. This study used detailed simulations of ventilation in a house to examine the impacts of different ventilation systems on indoor ozone concentrations. The simulation results showed that staying indoors reduces exposure to ozone by 80percent to 90percent, that exhaust ventilation systems lead to lower indoor ozone concentrations, that opening of windows should be avoided at times of high outdoor ozone, and that changing the time at which mechanical ventilation occurs has the ability to halve exposure to ozone. Future work should focus on the products of ozone reactions in the building envelope and the fate of these products with respect to indoor exposures.

Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max; Nazaroff, William W.

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Building Technologies Office Window and Envelope Technologies...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

(pre-2010 buildings) 19 Air Sealing System: Residential (pre-2010 buildings) 20 Air Sealing System: Commercial 21 22 Highest Priority R&D Area: Building Envelope R&D...

8

STATE OF CALIFORNIA BUILDING ENVELOPE SEALING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATE OF CALIFORNIA BUILDING ENVELOPE SEALING CEC- CF-4R-ENV-20 (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CERTIFICATE OF FIELD VERIFICATION AND DIAGNOSTIC TESTING CF-4R-ENV-20 Building Envelope Sealing.819 x (CFM50H / Conditioned Floor Area in ft2 ) per Residential ACM Manual Equation R3-16 Building

9

Windows and Building Envelope | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and market challenges in the windows and building envelope sector. Image: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Read more Insulation and Window Projects Named as Top Energy...

10

Building Envelope Renovations | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Envelope Renovations Envelope Renovations Building Envelope Renovations October 16, 2013 - 4:51pm Addthis Renewable Energy Options for Building Envelope Renovations Daylighting Photovoltaics Solar Ventilation Air Preheating When renovating any part of the building envelope, such as the façade and windows, energy efficiency is a prime concern, but renewable energy technologies may also be options. In general, the economics of renewable energy are less favorable with building envelope renovations than with other types such as roof; heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC); plumbing; or lighting. As with all renovations, the renewable energy additions should be considered in the planning stage of the design process to maximize any potential benefits and reduce costs. Façade

11

New and Underutilized Building Envelope Technologies | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New and Underutilized Building Envelope Technologies New and Underutilized Building Envelope Technologies New and Underutilized Building Envelope Technologies October 8, 2013 - 2:45pm Addthis The following building envelope technologies are underutilized within the Federal sector. These technologies have been identified by FEMP as the most promising for Federal agency deployment. Review each technology for potential facility energy savings. Additional information is available by clicking on the individual technology, including technology application, key factors and considerations for deployment, and points of contact. Technology Benefits Application Weighted Score High R-Value Windows Highly insulated windows triple pane R5 or greater (U value 0.22 and lower) windows Appropriate for deployment within most building categories. These windows should be considered in building design, renovation, or during window replacement projects. 65

12

Next Generation Building Envelope Materials | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Envelope Materials Next Generation Building Envelope Materials Addthis 1 of 3 Vacuum insulation panels (left); Modified atmosphere panels (right) Image: Oak Ridge National...

13

Design of the Building Envelope  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lay-on PV modules are designed for one purpose only: the generation of electricity using solar power. This handbook concerns building integration where the PV elements also have to play the same role as the tr...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Analysis of Building Envelope Construction in 2003 CBECS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this analysis is to determine "typical" building envelope characteristics for buildings built after 1980. We address three envelope components in this paper - roofs, walls, and window area. These typical building envelope characteristics were used in the development of DOEs Reference Buildings .

Winiarski, David W.; Halverson, Mark A.; Jiang, Wei

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Improving Building Envelope and Duct Airtightness of US Dwellings The  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the building envelope and duct system airtightness of US single-family detached homes, manufactured homes, and multi-family homes, before and after energy retrofits. These data are part of the Residential Improving Building Envelope

16

ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004 -- Building Envelope Requirements | Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building Envelope Requirements Building Envelope Requirements This course provides an overview of the building envelope requirements of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004. Estimated Length: 60 minutes Presenters: John Hogan, City of Seattle Original Webcast Date: Thursday, June 14, 2007 - 13:00 CEUs Offered: 1.0 AIA/CES LU (HSW); .10 CEUs towards ICC renewal certification. Course Type: Video Downloads: Presentation Slides Video Watch on YouTube Visit the BECP Online Training Center for instructions on how to obtain a certificate of completion. Building Type: Commercial Focus: Compliance Code Version: ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004 Target Audience: Architect/Designer Builder Code Official Contractor Engineer State Official Contacts Web Site Policies U.S. Department of Energy USA.gov Last Updated: Wednesday, July 18, 2012 - 16:04

17

Research and Development Roadmap: Windows and Building Envelope  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Windows and building envelope research and development is a high priority for the Building Technologies Office. This roadmap is a useful resource for public and private decision makers evaluating and pursuing high-impact R&D focused on advancing next-generation energy efficient windows and building envelope technologies.

18

3457, Page, 1 Coupled CFD/Building Envelope Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance Buildings Conference at Purdue, 2012 (Accepted) #12;3457, Page, 2 a standard model for a single3457, Page, 1 Coupled CFD/Building Envelope Model for the Purdue Living Lab Donghun KIM (kim1077 features. In the present case we develop a procedure for coupling a building envelope model to a CFD

Gugercin, Serkan

19

Advances in Understanding Durability of the Building Envelope: ORNL Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Moisture, and its accompanying outriders things like mold, corrosion, freeze damage, and decay present powerful threats to the durability and long-term performance of a building envelope. Miscalculating the impact of environmental factors like rain, solar radiation, temperature, humidity, and indoor sources of moisture can cause significant damage to many types of building envelope components and materials, and also can lead to unhealthy indoor living environments.

Kehrer, Manfred [ORNL] [ORNL; Desjarlais, Andre Omer [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

A Phase-Change Composite for Use in Building Envelopes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to develop composite thermal insulations containing phase-change materials for use in the building envelope. The use of a phase-change insulation composite in the building envelope could result in a significant increase in energy efficiency. PhD Research provided candidate phase-change composites, and ORNL performed analytical and experimental evaluations of their thermal performance. The thermal resistance of the prototype panels was somewhat less than that of commercial products, although their thermal capacity was greater. Using these results, PhD Research has been working to modify the design and to produce practical building elements that incorporate phase-change material.

Graves, Ron S. [LMES/ORNL; Stovall, T. K. [LMES/ORNL; Weaver, K. E. [LMES/ORNL; Wilkes, K. E. [LMES/ORNL; Roy, S. [PhD Research Group, Inc.

1992-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance-Part I: Analysis of roofing product databases Title Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance-Part I: Analysis of roofing product databases Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Sleiman, Mohamad, George Ban-Weiss, Haley E. Gilbert, David François, Paul Berdahl, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Hugo Destaillats, and Ronnen M. Levinson Journal Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells Volume 95 Pagination 3385-3399 Date Published 10/2011 ISSN 0927-0248 Keywords Advanced Surfaces, building technology and urban systems department, Heat Island, Heat Island Group URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2011.08.002 DOI 10.1016/j.solmat.2011.08.002

22

Solar envelope concepts: moderate density building applications. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar energy utilization in urban areas requires public guarantees that all property owners have direct access to the sun. The study examines the implications of this premise in relation to the need for cities to also encourage or accommodate rebuilding and future development. The public policy mechanism for guaranteeing solar access is conceptualized as a solar zoning envelope that allows the largest possible building bulk on a land parcel without shadowing neighboring properties during specified times. Step-by-step methods for generating solar envelopes are described with extensive drawings, showing a variety of urban platting and lot configurations. Development and design possibilities are examined on a selected set of Los Angeles sites with typically diverse urban characteristics. Envelope attributes suitable for encouraging moderate-density commercial and residential building are examined in the context of two hypothetical but realistic development programs: one for speculative office buildings and one for condominium housing. Numerous illustrations of envelope forms and prototypical building designs are provided. The results of development simulation studies on all test sites are tabulated to show building bulk, density, land-coverage and open space characteristics obtainable under the hypothesized envelopes.

Knowles, R.L.; Berry, R.D.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Use of PCM-Enhanced Insulations in the Building Envelope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A phase change material (PCM) alters the heat flow across the building envelope by absorbing and releasing heat in response to cycling ambient temperatures. The benefit of a PCM is reduction in heating and cooling loads and in many cases a shift in peak-load demands and the time of day of the peak load. Ambient or interior temperature cycling past the phase change temperature range is necessary for the PCM to function. The design of a PCM application requires selection of material, identification of PCM location and bounding thermal resistances, and specification of the amount of PCM to be used. PCM can be distributed in an insulation or building material or packaged for localized application. This paper describes small-scale laboratory testing, large- scale laboratory testing, and field studies undertaken to evaluate the energy savings potential for PCM in the building envelope.

Kosny, Jan [ORNL; Yarbrough, David W [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Building Envelope Air Leakage Failure in Small Commercial Buildings Related to the Use of Suspended Tile Ceilings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

buildings, they usually have a suspended tile ceiling between the conditioned space and ceiling or attic space. Testing indicates that the building envelope in small commercial buildings is substantially less airtight than residential buildings and the cause...

Withers, C. R.; Cummings, J. B.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Building thermal envelope systems and materials (BTESM) progress report for DOE Office of Buildings Energy Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Monthly Report of the Building Thermal Envelope Systems and Materials (BTESM) Program is a monthly update of both in-house ORNL projects and subcontract activities in the research areas of building materials, wall systems, foundations, roofs, and building diagnostics. Presentations are not stand-alone paragraphs every month. Their principal values are the short-time lapse between accomplishment and reporting and their evolution over a period of several months.

Burn, G. (comp.)

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Building Thermal Envelope Systems and Materials (BTESM) progress report for DOE Office of Buildings Energy Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Monthly Report of the Building Thermal Envelope Systems and Materials (BTESM) Program is a monthly update of both in-house ORNL projects and subcontract activities in the research areas of building materials, wall systems, foundations, roofs, and building diagnostics. Presentations are not stand-alone paragraphs every month. Their principal values are the short-time lapse between accomplishment and reporting and their evolution over a period of several months.

Burn, G. (comp.)

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Building Thermal Envelope Systems and Materials (BTESM) progress report for DOE Office of Buildings Energy Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Monthly Report of the Building Thermal Envelope Systems and Materials (BTESM) Program is a monthly update of both in-house ORNL projects and subcontract activities in the research areas of building materials, wall systems, foundations, roofs, building diagnostics, and research utilization and technology transfer. Presentations are not stand-alone paragraphs every month. Their principal values are the short-time lapse between accomplishment and reporting and their evolution over a period of several months.

Burn, G. (comp.)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Urban energy simulation: Simplification and reduction of building envelope models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper describes a building model designed for an urban energy simulation tool. In this context, trade-off between computing time and result precision is particularly important. Our methodology involves physical simplifications and model order reduction. The physical simplications are achieved by using equivalent envelopes, linearization scheme and pre-processing, so that a Modelica detailed model can be derived into a linear and time-invariant system using fewer component models. Balanced realization reduction can then be applied on such systems leading finally to a 6-order model. Effects of the simplification and reduction on heating and cooling loads are evaluated using typical building envelope cases. Results show that the simplifications and reduction induce errors under 1% in annual energy consumption and a maximum of 3% in instantaneous values but are accurate enough to reproduce dynamics of the detailed model. Additionally, the final reduced model uses a simple numerical solver and runs in less than 1s without compromising precision for hourly annual simulations being 700 times faster than the detailed model, which is promising for use in urban energy simulation.

Eui-Jong Kim; Gilles Plessis; Jean-Luc Hubert; Jean-Jacques Roux

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Buildings Included on EMS Reports"  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Buildings Included on EMS Reports" "Site","Property Name","Property ID","GSF","Incl. in Water Baseline (CY2007)","Water Baseline (sq. ft.)","Water CY2008 (sq. ft.)","Water CY2009 (sq. ft.)","Water Notes","Incl. in Energy Baseline (CY2003)","Energy Baseline (sq. ft.)","CY2008 Energy (sq. ft.)","CY2009 Energy (sq. ft.)","Energy Notes","Included as Existing Building","CY2008 Existing Building (sq. ft.)","Reason for Building Exclusion" "Column Totals",,"Totals",115139,,10579,10579,22512,,,3183365,26374,115374,,,99476 "Durango, CO, Disposal/Processing Site","STORAGE SHED","DUD-BLDG-STORSHED",100,"no",,,,,"no",,,,"OSF","no",,"Less than 5,000 GSF"

30

Commercial Envelope Requirements of the 2009 IECC | Building Energy Codes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 IECC 9 IECC This training provides an overview of the commercial envelope requirements of the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code. Estimated Length: 56 minutes Presenters: Eric Makela, Britt/Makela Group Original Webcast Date: Thursday, September 3, 2009 - 13:00 CEUs Offered: 1.0 AIA/CES LU (HSW); .10 CEUs towards ICC renewal certification. Course Type: Video Downloads: Video Transcript Presentation Slides Video Watch on YouTube Visit the BECP Online Training Center for instructions on how to obtain a certificate of completion. Building Type: Commercial Focus: Compliance Code Version: 2009 IECC Target Audience: Architect/Designer Builder Code Official Contractor Engineer State Official Contacts Web Site Policies U.S. Department of Energy USA.gov Last Updated: Thursday, June 28, 2012 - 15:52

31

Research and Development Roadmap: Windows and Building Envelope...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Envelope Technologies Overview - 2014 BTO Peer Review Research & Development Roadmap: Emerging HVAC Technologies Research & Development Roadmap: Emerging Water Heating Technologies...

32

Hotbox Test R-value Database and the Building Envelopes Program (BEP)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The Building Envelopes Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is a program within the Buildings Technology Center (BTC), the premier U.S. research facility devoted to developing technologies that improve the energy efficiency and environmental compatibility of residential and commercial buildings. Our program is divided into two parts: building envelope research, which focuses on the structural elements that enclose a building (walls, roofs and foundations), and materials research, which concentrates on the materials within the envelope systems (such as insulation). The building envelope provides the thermal barrier between the indoor and outdoor environment, and its elements are the key determinants of a building's energy requirements that result from the climate where it is located. [copied from http://www.ornl.gov/sci/roofs+walls/

33

Thermal properties optimization of envelope in energy-saving renovation of existing public buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The shape factor and windows-to-wall ratio are different from building to building. How to design the thermal properties of building envelope affects energy-saving renovation economy of existing public buildings. The limited heat consumption per unit volume and equivalent heat transfer coefficient of external windows and wall were proposed based on the prescription of China national standard Design standard for energy efficiency of public buildings(GB50189-2005) for envelope design. Mathematical model on economical thermal insulation thickness of building envelope and thermal properties optimizing of envelope were built considering the impact of house orientation, windows-to-wall ratio and types of windows. The model is verified to be feasible by an existing public building in Shenyang. The variation of windows-to-wall ratio for different orientation leads to the different economical thermal insulation thickness of building envelope and payback period. The project optimization design for envelope renovation could be determined by the technical and economic analysis considering the impact of house orientation, windows-to-wall ratio, types of insulation materials and windows.

Jianen Huang; Henglin Lv; Tao Gao; Wei Feng; Yanxia Chen; Tai Zhou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Integrating Acclimated Kinetic Envelopes into Sustainable Building Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-efficient Envelopes CGI CIE Glare Index DGI Daylight Glare Index DGP Daylight Glare Probability DGR Daylight Glare Rating DOAS dedicated outdoor air system DOE Department of Energy EC electrochromic coatings vii EMS Energy Management Simulation....11. Retractable roof of the High Court of Justice and Supreme Court (Foster+Partners, 2012) ................................................................ 33 Figure 2.12. Examples of electrochromic glazing by LBNL (Lee, DiBartolomeo, xiii...

Wang, Jialiang

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

35

Advances in Understanding Durability of the Building Envelope | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advances in Understanding Durability of the Building Envelope: ORNL Advances in Understanding Durability of the Building Envelope: ORNL Research November 22, 2013 Figure 1. Installed wall site location in Syracuse, New York. Test walls were examined to determine the impact of increased airtightness, indoor moisture sources, the moisture capacity of materials in the wall cavity, the thermal resistance of continuous exterior insulation, and the amount of winter solar radiation. Photo courtesy Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Moisture, and its accompanying outriders - things like mold, corrosion, freeze damage, and decay - present powerful threats to the durability and long-term performance of a building envelope. Miscalculating the impact of environmental factors like rain, solar radiation, temperature, humidity, and indoor sources of moisture can cause significant damage to many types

36

Windows and Building Envelope Facilities | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of building energy performance and human factors (comfort, indoor environmental quality (IEQ), occupant satisfaction and acceptance of technologies) for emerging window...

37

Building America Case Study: Predicting Envelope Leakage in Attached Dwellings (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

'The cost for blower testing is high, because it is labor intensive, and it may disrupt occupants in multiple units. This high cost and disruption deters program participants, and dissuades them from pursuing energy improvements that would trigger air leakage testing, such as improvements to the building envelope.' This statement found in a 2012 report by Heschong Mahone Group emphasizes the importance of reducing the cost and complexity of blower testing in multifamily buildings. Energy efficiency opportunities are being bypassed. The cost of single blower testing is on the order of $300. The cost for guarded blower door testing, the more appropriate test for assessing energy savings opportunities, could easily be six times that and that's only if you have the equipment and simultaneous access to multiple apartments. Thus, the proper test is simply not performed. The objective of the 2013 research project was to develop the model for predicting fully guarded test results (FGT), using unguarded test data and specific building features of apartment units. The model developed has a coefficient of determination R2 value of 0.53 with a root mean square error (RMSE) of 0.13. Both statistical metrics indicate that the model is relatively strong. When tested against data that was not included in the development of the model, prediction accuracy was within 19%, which is reasonable given that seasonal differences in blower door measurements can vary by as much as 25%.

Not Available

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

The Thermal Test and Analysis of Envelope in Existing Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). The thickness of polystyrene slab is in Tab .3. ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Building Commissioning for Energy Efficiency and Comfort, Vol. VI-5-2 The temperature and the heat flux distributing of wall are shown in Fig.2 and Fig.3. Tab. 2... The temperature distributing of wall ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Building Commissioning for Energy Efficiency and Comfort, Vol. VI-5-2 Fig3. The heat flux distributing of wall 5 CONCLUSIONS Through the thermal testing, calculation...

Liu, X.; Li, X.; Sun, J.; Wang, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Evaluation on Cooling Energy Load with Varied Envelope Design for High-Rise Residential Buildings in Malaysia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the development of the economy in the recent years, Malaysia is maintaining a high economic growth and therefore, its energy consumption increases dramatically. Residential buildings are characterized by being envelope-load dominated buildings...

Al-Tamimi, N.; Fadzil, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Improving Building Envelope and Duct Airtightness of US Dwellings - the Current State of Energy Retrofits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of different types of multi-family buildings that is not= 6,710 Multi-Family WAP N = 1,340 Figure 1: Whole-buildingbuilding envelope and duct system airtightness of US single-family detached homes, manufactured homes, and multi-

Chan, Wanyu R.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

APPLICATION OF IT AND INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS TO IMPROVE BUILDING ENVELOPE PERFORMANCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Quebec, Canada ABSTRACT Improving thermal performance of building envelopes reduces energy consumption to be introduced to provide the required fresh air to the occupants. In other words, the energy performance must, thermal performance, indoor air quality, structural stability, acoustic performance, fire control, etc

Hammad, Amin

42

Solar Correction Factors of Building Envelope in Tebei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

weather data, this paper compares the solar energy of a typical city, Lassa, in Tebei with that of another city that has the same degree-days of heating period, calculates the heating energy for the building, and proposes the solar correction factors...

Wang, D.; Tang, M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Researching Complex Heat, Air and Moisture Interactions for a Wide-Range of Building Envelope Systems and Environmental Loads  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document serves as the final report documenting work completed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the Fraunhofer Institute in Building Physics (Holzkirchen, Germany) under an international CRADA No. 0575 with Fraunhofer Institute of Bauphysics of the Federal Republic of Germany for Researching Complex Heat, Air and Moisture Interactions for a Wide Range of Building Envelope Systems and Environmental Loads. This CRADA required a multi-faceted approach to building envelope research that included a moisture engineering approach by blending extensive material property analysis, laboratory system and sub-system thermal and moisture testing, and advanced moisture analysis prediction performance. The Participant's Institute for Building physics (IBP) and the Contractor's Buildings Technology Center (BTC) identified potential research projects and activities capable of accelerating and advancing the development of innovative, low energy and durable building envelope systems in diverse climates. This allowed a major leverage of the limited resources available to ORNL to execute the required Department of Energy (DOE) directives in the area of moisture engineering. A joint working group (ORNL and Fraunhofer IBP) was assembled and a research plan was executed from May 2000 to May 2005. A number of key deliverables were produced such as adoption of North American loading into the WUFI-software. in addition the ORNL Weather File Analyzer was created and this has been used to address environmental loading for a variety of US climates. At least 4 papers have been co-written with the CRADA partners, and a chapter in the ASTM Manual 40 on Moisture Analysis and Condensation Control. All deliverables and goals were met and exceeded making this collaboration a success to all parties involves.

Karagiozis, A.N.

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

44

Field Testing of Nano-PCM-Enhanced Building Envelope Components in a Warm-Humid Climate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy Building Technologies Program s goal of developing high-performance, energy-efficient buildings will require more cost-effective, durable, energy-efficient building envelopes. Forty-eight percent of the residential enduse energy consumption is spent on space heating and air conditioning. Reducing envelope-generated heating and cooling loads through application of phase-change material (PCM) enhanced envelope components can facilitate maximizing the energy efficiency of buildings. Field testing of prototype envelope components is an important step in estimating their energy benefits. An innovative PCM (nano-PCM) was developed with PCM encapsulated with expanded graphite (interconnected) nanosheets, which is highly conducive for enhanced thermal storage and energy distribution, and is shape-stable for convenient incorporation into lightweight building components. During 2012, two test walls with cellulose cavity insulation and prototype PCM-enhanced interior wallboards were installed in a natural exposure test (NET) facility in Charleston, SC. The first test wall was divided into four sections separated by wood studs and thin layers of foam insulation. Two sections contained nano-PCMenhanced wallboards: one was a three-layer structure in which nano-PCM was sandwiched between two gypsum boards, and the other one had PCM dispersed homogeneously throughout graphite nanosheet-enhanced gypsum board. The second test wall also contained two sections with interior PCM wallboards; one contained nano-PCM dispersed homogeneously in gypsum and the other was gypsum board containing a commercial microencapsulated PCM (MEPCM) for comparison. Each test wall contained a section covered with gypsum board on the interior side that served as control or a baseline for evaluation of the PCM wallboards. The walls were instrumented with arrays of thermocouples and heat flux transducers. This paper presents the measured performance and analysis to evaluate the energy-saving potential of the nano-PCM-enhanced building components.

Biswas, Kaushik [ORNL; LuPh.D., Jue [Technova Corporation; Soroushian, Parviz [Technova Corporation

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Thermal Integrity Assessment of Building Envelopes of Experimental Houses Using Infrared Thermography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Zero Energy Building Research Alliance, or ZEBRAlliance, is a joint DOE-ORNL-construction industry initiative to develop and demonstrate new energy efficiency technologies for residential buildings, as well as fine-tune and integrate existing technologies, to lower energy costs. Construction of residential envelopes, the diaphragms that separate the inside from outdoors, can have enormous impact on whole-building energy usage. Consequently, post-construction thermal integrity assessment of the building envelopes in the experimental ZEBRAlliance homes is an integral part of the research and development cycle. Nondestructive infrared (IR) thermography provides a relatively easy and quick means of inspecting the experimental homes for thermal bridging, insulation imperfections, moisture penetration, air leakage, etc. Two experimental homes located in Oak Ridge, TN were inspected using IR thermography. The homes are designed with two different envelope systems: (i) Structural Insulated Panels (SIP home) consisting of an insulating foam core sandwiched between oriented strand boards, and (ii) Optimal Value Framing (OVF home) using innovatively spaced wood studs, which are designed to minimize the amount of wood framing, reduce thermal bridging, and lower material costs. IR thermal imaging was performed from both outside and inside of the homes. In this paper, IR images of roof and wall sections of the homes are presented and discussed with respect to identification of areas of thermal bridging and any insulation deficiencies.

Biswas, Kaushik [ORNL; Kosny, Jan [ORNL; Miller, William A [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Energy retrofit of residential building envelopes in Israel: A cost-benefit analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract It is often taken for granted that thermal renovation of building envelopes not only conserves operational energy and reduces the environmental impact of generating electricity, but is also economically beneficial to the individual homeowner. While this may be true in cold climates, it may not necessarily be true in the case of Israel, most of which has a relatively mild Mediterranean climate but parts of which are hot and arid. This study, which sought to address this question, comprised two stages: a) Analysis of the direct economic benefits to the individual homeowner of different strategies for refurbishing the envelope of an existing building; and b) Examination of other (external) benefits to society arising from electricity conservation resulting from such retrofit. The analysis demonstrates that in Israel, given current electricity prices and building construction costs, insulating the roof is a cost-effective strategy but the payback period is 1530 years, making it unattractive to most homeowners. Insulating the external walls of a typical apartment results in electricity savings comparable to only one third of the retrofit cost, and is thus not economically viable. Accounting for the external benefits to society does make some marginal retrofits more attractive, but not sufficiently to justify most envelope retrofit options. This highlights the importance of adopting stringent standards for new construction, since the marginal cost of additional thermal insulation in new buildings is far lower than the cost of renovating them.

Chanoch Friedman; Nir Becker; Evyatar Erell

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Integrated LCALEED sustainability assessment model for structure and envelope systems of school buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In Canada and USA, nearly 80 million students and teachers spend at least eight hours daily in schools that could be unhealthy and restrict their ability to learn. Despite this fact there is lack of adopting sustainability principles in school buildings. Even though life cycle assessment (LCA) and LEED could serve as sustainability measurement tools, studies show that the integration of sustainability principles to LCA has not become standard practice yet. This paper presents an integrated LCALEED model that incorporates LCA into LEED and assigns corresponding LEED scores to achieve a high level of sustainability assessment, for the structure and envelope systems of Canadian school buildings. In this model, the selection of the most sustainable structure and envelope type for school buildings is done through the evaluation of three categories of the LEED rating system: energy and atmosphere, materials and resources, and LCA (incorporated under the innovation and design process category of LEED). Various options are tested by considering structures such as concrete, steel, masonry and wood, and envelope types such as precast panels, steel stud, wood stud and cavity wall. Energy simulation is performed by eQUEST (version 3.64) program and LCA is performed by ATHENA impact estimator. The results show that concrete and masonry buildings have high energy consumption and global warming potential during certain life cycle stages such as manufacturing, construction and demolition. However they have lower annual energy consumption and environmental impact during the operating stage, as well as for the overall life span. Concrete building with minimum insulation has obtained the highest total LEED score (19) followed by masonry (17), while steel and steel-masonry buildings have the least score (14).

Othman Subhi Alshamrani; Khaled Galal; Sabah Alkass

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Exergy analysis combined with LCA for building envelope energy efficiency retrofit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents a kind of exergy analysis combined with LCA to evaluate the building envelope energy efficiency retrofit. A typical case in Ningbo city of China is analysed. The results show that it takes 15 years for the cumulative saved energy consumption in the use stage to equal the embodied energy of the newly added insulation materials in the product stage. Yet, it is impossible that the embodied exergy equals the cumulative saved exergy consumption in the building lifespan after retrofit. So the energy and exergy efficiency of the retrofit measures with LCA should be accounted as a whole.

Yan Zhou; Guangcai Gong

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Predicting Envelope Leakage in Attached Dwellings (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Predicting Envelope Leakage Predicting Envelope Leakage in Attached Dwellings PROJECT INFORMATION Project Name: Predicting Envelope Leakage in Attached Dwellings Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings www.carb-swa.com Building Component: Building Envelope Application: New and retrofit; Multi-family Year Tested: 2013 Applicable Climate Zone(s): All POTENTIAl BENEFITs Requires substantially fewer resources in the field-equipment, personnel, and time Does not require simultaneous access to multiple housing units-extremely difficult in occupied housing Provides a more appropriate assessment of envelope leakage and the potential energy benefits of air sealing than the commonly used total leakage test The most common method of measuring air leakage is to perform single (or solo) blower door pressurization and/or depressurization test. In detached hous-

50

Evaluation on energy and thermal performance for office building envelope in different climate zones of China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Effective evaluation on the thermal performance of envelope plays an important role towards the reduction of energy consumption for space cooling and heating. In order to calculate the energy consumption for cooling and heating and assess the whole energy efficiency of envelop designs, a new evaluation index on energy and thermal performance for office building envelop (EETPO) is put forward. Three cities of Shenyang, Wuhan and Guangzhou in China are selected for EETPO analysis, which represent the cold zone, hot summer cold winter zone and hot summer warm winter zone, respectively. The regression equations between EETPO and energy use for cooling/heating are studied in three cities, illustrations indicate that the regression lines fit extremely well and the algorithm is accurate and simple. According to the compulsory indices stipulated by standard (GB50189-2005), the maximum allowable values of EETPO are determined in three cities, the maximum \\{EETPOc\\} in cooling period is 1.750W/m3K in Wuhan and 1.733W/m3K in Guangzhou, the maximum \\{EETPOh\\} in heating period is 0.200W/m3K in Shenyang and 0.414W/m3K in Wuhan. This index and energy use calculation method can help designers to evaluate the whole energy and thermal performance of the proposed envelopes and analyze energy saving effects for different energy conservation measures.

Jinghua Yu; Liwei Tian; Xinhua Xu; Jinbo Wang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Envelope-related energy demand: A design indicator of energy performance for residential buildings in early design stages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The architectural design variables which most influence the energy performance of a building are the envelope materials, shape and window areas. As these start to be defined in the early design stages, designers require simple tools to obtain information about the energy performance of the building for the design variations being considered at this phase. The shape factor is one of those tools, but it fails to correlate with energy demand in the presence of important solar gains. This paper presents a new design indicator of energy performance for residential buildings, the Envelope-Related Energy Demand (ERED), which aims to overcome the shortcomings of the shape factor while maintaining a reasonable simplicity of use. The inputs to ERED are areas of envelope elements (floor, walls, roofs and windows), U-values of envelope materials, solar heat gain coefficients (SHGC) of windows and site related parameters, concerning temperature and solar irradiation. ERED was validated against detailed simulation results of 8000 hypothetical residential buildings, varying in envelope shape, window areas and materials. Results show that there is a strong correlation between ERED and simulated energy demand. These results confirm the adequacy of ERED to assist design decisions in early stages of the design process.

Vasco Granadeiro; Joo R. Correia; Vtor M.S. Leal; Jos P. Duarte

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Building Thermal Envelope Systems and Materials (BTESM) and research utilization/technology transfer progress report for DOE (Department of Energy) Office of Buildings Energy Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Monthly Report of the Building Thermal Envelope Systems and Materials (BTESM) Program is a monthly update of both in-house ORNL projects and subcontract activities in the research areas of building materials, wall systems, foundations, roofs, building diagnostics, and research utilization and technology transfer. Presentations are not stand-alone paragraphs every month. Their principal values are the short-time lapse between accomplishment and reporting and their evolution over a period of several months.

Burn, G. (comp.)

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Energy Impacts of Nonlinear Behavior of PCM When Applied into Building Envelope: Preprint  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Impacts of Nonlinear Impacts of Nonlinear Behavior of PCM When Applied into Building Envelope Preprint P.C. Tabares-Velasco Presented at the ASME 2012 6th International Conference on Energy Sustainability & 10th Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference San Diego, California July 23-26, 2012 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5500-54245 August 2012 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

54

Cost Benefit Energy Analysis of the Building Envelope Systems with Ener-Habitat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract During the last decade, housing construction in Mexico has increased dramatically, despite the economic and financial crises, it is one of the main drivers of the Mexican economy; the government has supported programs to develop social housing in order to assist low-income families. This type of initiatives has allowed low-income people to own a place to live, but it has also promoted the spread of housing developments with house models of similar characteristics in the very diverse geographical and climatic zones of Mexico. Even though some of the dwellings have few differences depending on the region they belong to, they do not reflect climatic adaptations. The correct selection of the envelope materials is one of the first and most effective passive strategy that must be considered in the design of a housing. However, just selecting the materials by knowing their thermal properties is not enough to make an appropriate decision about the construction system. For this reason, we need a tool like Ener-Habitat, which allows a quick assessment of thermal and energy performance of a building system consisting of several layers, through the time-dependent calculation of heat transfer, suitable for high thermal mass materials, such as those generally used in Mexico and the climates of Mexico with high solar radiation and large temperature swing during the day. The study propose a method to analyze the cost and energy benefit of building systems, and as example analyzes some walls building systems, in a hot-dry climate city of Mexico, during the air conditioning season. This tool allows, at early stages of architectural design, quick assessments for decision taking on the building systems choice, in relation with better energy performance. Ener-Habitat was created by researchers from six academic institutions in Mexico and was funded by the National Council for Science and Technology and the Ministry of Energy of Mexico.

Jose Manuel Ochoa; Irene Marincic; Maria Guadalupe Alpuche; Enrique Alejandro Duarte; Ileana Gonzalez; Guadalupe Huelz; Guillermo Barrios

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Tone signal generator for producing multioperator tone signals using an operator circuit including a waveform generator, a selector and an enveloper  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A frequency modulation (FM) tone signal generator for generating a FM tone signal is disclosed. The tone signal generator includes a waveform generator having a plurality of wave tables, a selector and an enveloper. The waveform generator furnishes a waveform signal in response to a phase angle address signal. Each wave table stores a different waveform. The selector selects one of the wave tables in response to a plurality of selection signals such that the selected wave table largely provides the waveform signal upon being addressed largely by the phase angle address signal. Selection of the selected wave table varies with each selection signal. The enveloper impresses an envelope signal on the waveform signal. The envelope signal is used as a carrier or modulator for generating the FM tone signal.

Dong, Qiujie (Austin, TX); Jenkins, Michael V. (Austin, TX); Bernadas, Salvador R. (Austin, TX)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Tone signal generator for producing multioperator tone signals using an operator circuit including a waveform generator, a selector and an enveloper  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A frequency modulation (FM) tone signal generator for generating a FM tone signal is disclosed. The tone signal generator includes a waveform generator having a plurality of wave tables, a selector and an enveloper. The waveform generator furnishes a waveform signal in response to a phase angle address signal. Each wave table stores a different waveform. The selector selects one of the wave tables in response to a plurality of selection signals such that the selected wave table largely provides the waveform signal upon being addressed largely by the phase angle address signal. Selection of the selected wave table varies with each selection signal. The enveloper impresses an envelope signal on the waveform signal. The envelope signal is used as a carrier or modulator for generating the FM tone signal. 17 figs.

Dong, Q.; Jenkins, M.V.; Bernadas, S.R.

1997-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

57

GRADUATE STUDIES IN BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AN INTERDISCIPLINARY PROGRAM INCLUDING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

housing for lower income families continue to grow. One third of the U.S. energy consumption is used OF ARCHITECTURE (Home Department) DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL in buildings and land; costs associated with housing are the largest single expenditure of an average family

Reif, Rafael

58

Pushing the Envelope: A Case Study of Building the First Manufactured Home Using Structural Insulated Panels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper for the ACEEE Summer Study describes construction of the first manufactured home ever produced from structural insulated panels. The home was built in July 2000 by Champion Enterprises at its Silverton, Oregon, plant. The house was completed on the assembly line in 9 days including a 300-mile road test. The paper examines the design and approval process leading to the project, the manufacturing process and its adjustment to SIPs, and the transportation and energy performance of the house after it was built. PNNL coordinated this project and conducted long-term monitoring on the house. The WSU Energy Program conducted building diagnostics testing once the house was occupied. PNNLs and WSUs involvement was funded by the U.S. DOE Building America Program. The Oregon Office of Energy conducted blower door and duct blaster tests. The completed home was estimated to reduce energy consumption by 50% and to have twice the structural strength required by HUD code for manufactured homes. The demonstration proved that the manufactured home production line could support SIPs production simultaneously with traditional construction and without major modifications, the line work in parallel with SIPs and traditional materials. The project revealed severl possibilities for further improving cost and time savings with SIPs construction, that might translate into increased capacity.

Baechler, Michael C.; Hadley, Donald L.; Sparkman, Ronald; Lubliner, Michael

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Integrated Hygrothermal Performance of Building Envelopes and Systems in Hot and Humid Climates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology Center VTT Building Technology, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Espoo, Finland Building Technology Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, US Oak Ridge, Tennessee, US ABSTRACT In hot and humid climates the interior... retarders reduce risk of moisture damage, Proceedings of the 4th Symposium, Building Physics in the Nordic Countries, Espoo, Finland, Sept. 9-10, pp.447-454. Karagiozis, A. and Hadjisophocleous G. "Wind- Driven Rain on High-Rise Buildings", Thermal...

Karagiozis, A. N.; Desjarlais, A.; Salonvaara, M.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

The Framework of an Optimization Model for the Thermal Design of Building Envelopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Careful long term decisions in the design and operation of buildings can significantly improve the thermal performance and thus reduce the consumption of energy. The availability and ease of use of today's computers can be a sigruficant benefit...

Al-Homoud, M. S.; Degelman, L. O.; Boyer, L. L.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

An Analysis of Building Envelope Upgrades for Residential Energy Efficiency in Hot and Humid Climates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and exterior walls, and windows. A DOE-2 simulation model of a 2000/2001 IECC code-compliant house in Houston, Texas, was used for the analysis. The results demonstrated the effect of incremental changes in these properties on the building's energy use...

Malhotra, M.; Haberl, J.

62

Experimental evaluation of a naturally ventilated PV double-skin building envelope in real operating conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-4Mar2014 Author manuscript, published in "Solar Energy 103 (2014) 223-241" DOI : 10.1016/j.solener.2014. Keywords: Building integrated photovoltaic system; Natural ventilation; Chimney effect; Monitoring 1 fallen by 50%. To these ends, significant investments are being made into solar energy, which is seen

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

63

Energy Savings Through Improved Mechanical Systems and Building Envelope Technologies (DE-FOA-0000621)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Closed Total DOE Funding: $12 million The focus of this Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is to develop cost-effective building technologies that can have a tremendous impact on energy savings overall and lead to a market-ready solution (e.g. at the commercial prototype phase) within five years of project launch.

64

Simulation as a Tool to Develop Guidelines of Envelope Design of a Typical Office Building in Egypt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes the use of building performance simulation software in order to develop guidelines for designing energy-efficient office building. In Egypt energy codes for all building types are being under development. On the other hand...

Samaan, M.M.; Ahmed, A.N.; Farag, O.M.A.; El-Sayed Khalil, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Analytical expressions for the gate utilization factors of passive multiplicity counters including signal build-up  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the realm of nuclear safeguards, passive neutron multiplicity counting using shift register pulse train analysis to nondestructively quantify Pu in product materials is a familiar and widely applied technique. The approach most commonly taken is to construct a neutron detector consisting of {sup 3}He filled cylindrical proportional counters embedded in a high density polyethylene moderator. Fast neutrons from the item enter the moderator and are quickly slowed down, on timescales of the order of 1-2 {micro}s, creating a thermal population which then persists typically for several 10's {micro}s and is sampled by the {sup 3}He detectors. Because the initial transient is of comparatively short duration it has been traditional to treat it as instantaneous and furthermore to approximate the subsequent capture time distribution as exponential in shape. With these approximations simple expressions for the various Gate Utilization Factors (GUFs) can be obtained. These factors represent the proportion of time correlated events i.e. Doubles and Triples signal present in the pulse train that is detected by the coincidence gate structure chosen (predelay and gate width settings of the multiplicity shift register). More complicated expressions can be derived by generalizing the capture time distribution to multiple time components or harmonics typically present in real systems. When it comes to applying passive neutron multiplicity methods to extremely intense (i.e. high emission rate and highly multiplying) neutron sources there is a drive to use detector types with very fast response characteristics in order to cope with the high rates. In addition to short pulse width, detectors with a short capture time profile are also desirable so that a short coincidence gate width can be set in order to reduce the chance or Accidental coincidence signal. In extreme cases, such as might be realized using boron loaded scintillators, the dieaway time may be so short that the build-up (thermalization transient) within the detector cannot be ignored. Another example where signal build-up might be observed is when a {sup 3}He based system is used to track the evolution of the time correlated signal created by a higher multiplying item within a reflective configuration such as the measurement of a spent fuel assembly. In this work we develop expressions for the GUFs which include signal build-up.

Croft, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Evans, Louise G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Schear, Melissa A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Window and Envelope Technologies Overview - 2014 BTO Peer Review...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Research and Development Roadmap: Windows and Building Envelope Research & Development Roadmap: Emerging Water Heating Technologies Research & Development Roadmap: Emerging HVAC...

67

Dynamic building enclosures : the design of an innovative constructive system which permits mechanically-driven, computer-controlled shape transformations to the building envelope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic Building Enclosures is a system of prefabricated, lightweight, kit-of-parts wall and/or roof elements. This system has the unique capability of dynamically altering, or mutating its shape in reaction to changing ...

Nelson, Eric (Eric Freeman), 1964-

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Predicting Envelope Leakage in Attached Dwellings (Fact Sheet)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In an attempt to create a simplified tool for predicting leakage to the outside, the CARB team analyzed blower door test results from 112 attached dwelling units in four apartment complexes to investigate the correlation between building specifications and the ratio of guarded and solo test results.

69

Acoustics of Buildings: including Acoustics of Auditoriums and Sound-proofing of Rooms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE acoustics of buildings is a subject which has always possessed importance, but with the increasing size of ... is a subject which has always possessed importance, but with the increasing size of public buildings and the congestion of our urban populations, it has assumed much greater importance in ...

1924-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

70

Building Retrofits for Increased Protection Against Airborne  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Building envelope air seal air purging or building envelope airtightening. The guidance section describes each retrofit based gaseous air cleaning, ultraviolet germicidal irradiation, photocatalytic oxidative air cleaning

71

Manhattan Project: A Tentative Decision to Build the Bomb<!--Include title  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

President Franklin Roosevelt's note to Vannevar Bush giving Bush the tentative go-ahead to build the atomic bomb. A TENTATIVE DECISION TO BUILD THE BOMB President Franklin Roosevelt's note to Vannevar Bush giving Bush the tentative go-ahead to build the atomic bomb. A TENTATIVE DECISION TO BUILD THE BOMB Washington, D.C.(1941-1942) Events > Early Government Support, 1939-1942 Einstein's Letter, 1939 Early Uranium Research, 1939-1941 Piles and Plutonium, 1939-1941 Reorganization and Acceleration, 1940-1941 The MAUD Report, 1941 A Tentative Decision to Build the Bomb, 1941-1942 Vannevar Bush moved swiftly to take advantage of the positive MAUD Report. Without waiting for Arthur Compton's latest committee to finish its work confirming the MAUD Committee's conclusions, Bush on October 9, 1941, met with President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Vice President Henry A. Wallace (who had been briefed on uranium research in July). Bush summarized the British findings, discussed cost and duration of a bomb project, and emphasized the uncertainty of the situation. He also received the President's permission to explore construction needs with the Army. Roosevelt instructed him to move as quickly as possible but not to go beyond research and development. Bush, then, was to find out if a bomb could be built and at what cost but not to proceed to the production stage without further presidential authorization. Roosevelt indicated that he could find a way to finance the project and asked Bush to draft a letter so that the British government could be approached "at the top.

72

Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing, Phase 3Design Development and Prototyping  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Building America report describes the Advanced Envelope Research project, which will provide factory home builders with high-performance, cost-effective alternative envelope designs.

73

Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey 1993  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

mobile homes and trailers, even if they housed commercial activity; and oil storage tanks. (See Commercial Building and Nonresidential Building.) Building Envelope or Shell...

74

Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance - Part II: Development of an accelerate aging method for roofing materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy (Office of Energy Efficiency, Building TechnologiesEfficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies OfficeEfficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies Office

, Mohamad Sleiman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Acoustic Building Infiltration Measurement System (ABIMS)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Acoustic Building Infilitration Measurement System project is developing an acoustic method of measuring the infiltration of a building envelope.

76

Energy Savings Through Improved Mechanical Systems and Building...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Energy Savings Through Improved Mechanical Systems and Building Envelope Technologies (DE-FOA-0000621) Energy Savings Through Improved Mechanical Systems and Building Envelope...

77

Exact analysis of polycrystalline electron spin echo envelope modulation including mutual nuclear arrangements and quadrupole interactions and its application to methyl radicals in irradiated crystals of lithium acetate dihydrate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The method of exact analysis including mutual nuclear arrangements and quadrupole interactions is developed for electron spin echo envelope modulation (ESEM) from polycrystalline samples using the formulation in an arbitrary laboratory coordinate system which makes it possible to perform an exact angular integration. In order to assess polycrystalline ESEM by comparing with electron nuclear double resonance(ENDOR) data the method is applied to analyze deuterium hyperfine modulation on the two?pulse electron spin echo (ESE) envelope decay observed for methyl radicals radiolytically produced in CD3COOLi???2H2O and CH3COOLi???2D2O. The results are totally consistent with our previous study by single crystal1H ENDOR. Through this application importance of the nuclear quadrupole term is also shown based on the exact method. The rigid deuterons in the water of crystallization show a marked quadrupole effect as compared with those in the freely rotating CD3 group. The contributions from the distant nuclei to the modulation pattern are also studied by the exact method using the crystallographic data. We have further clarified that the origin of the disagreement of a previous Li ESEM with our ENDOR is mainly in the use of a unit spin density on the spin probe despite its reduction by delocalization to the environment.

Machio Iwasaki; Kazumi Toriyama

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

A review on Phase Change Materials Integrated in Building Walls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A review on Phase Change Materials Integrated in Building Walls Fr´ed´eric Kuznika, , Damien Davida review of the integration of phase change materials in building walls. Many considerations are discussed in this paper including physical considerations about building envelop and phase change material, phase change

79

Building America Webinar: High Performance Building Enclosures...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

used to improve energy performance of building envelopes while dealing with issues like ice damming during exterior "overcoat" insulation retrofits? How can deep energy retrofits...

80

Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Buildings to Grid Buildings to Grid Integration to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research Water Heating Research Lighting Research

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Energy Asset Score  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Asset Score Energy Asset Score Photo of a laptop with energy asset score image on the screen The free online Asset Scoring Tool will generate a score based on inputs about the building envelope and buildling systems (heating, ventilation, cooling, lighting, and service hot water). Launch Energy Asset Score The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is developing a Commercial Building Energy Asset Score (Asset Score) program to allow building owners and managers to more accurately assess building energy performance. The Asset Score program will act as a national standard and will include the Commercial Building Energy Asset Scoring Tool (Asset Scoring Tool) to evaluate the physical characteristics and as-built energy efficiency of buildings. The Asset Scoring Tool will identify cost-effective energy efficient improvements that, if implemented, can reduce energy bills and potentially improve building asset value. View the Asset Score fact sheet for a brief overview of the program.

82

Building America Case Study: Project Overcoat: Airtightness Strategies...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership, environment.umn.edu formsprojectview.php?id273 Building Components: Building envelope, roofattic air seal, and insulation...

83

Indoor-Outdoor Air Leakage of Apartments and Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measured Airflows in a Multifamily Building," AirflowPerformance of Building Envelopes, Components, and Systems,APARTMENTS AND COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS Price, P.N. ; Shehabi,

Price, P.N.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Building America Top Innovations | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

research team experts prove advanced technologies and practices in building envelope, HVAC components, ventilation, and health and safety. Building America field projects with...

85

Commercial Building Energy Asset Scoring Tool Application Programming Interface  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercial Building Energy Asset Scoring Tool Commercial Building Energy Asset Scoring Tool Application Programming Interface NORA WANG GEOFF ELLIOTT JUSTIN ALMQUIST EDWARD ELLIS Pacific Northwest National Laboratory JUNE 14, 2013 Commercial Building Energy Asset Score Energy asset score evaluates the as- built physical characteristics of a building Energy Asset Score and its overall energy efficiency, independent of occupancy and operational choices. The physical characteristics include Building envelope (window, wall, roof) HVAC systems (heating, cooling, air distribution) Lighting system (luminaire and lighting control systems) Service hot water system Other major energy-using equipment (e.g. commercial refrigerator, commercial kitchen appliances, etc.) Building energy use is affected by many factors.

86

Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing, Phase 3 -- Whole-House Prototyping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Advanced Envelope Research effort will provide factory homebuilders with high performance, cost-effective envelope designs that can be effectively integrated into the plant production process while meeting the thermal requirements of the 2012 IECC standards. Given the affordable nature of manufactured homes, impact on first cost is a major consideration in developing new envelope technologies. This work is part of a multi-phase effort. Phase 1 identified seven envelope technologies and provided a preliminary assessment of three methods for building high performance walls. Phase 2 focused on developing viable product designs, manufacturing strategies, addressing code and structural issues, and cost analysis of the three selected options. An industry advisory committee helped narrow the research focus to perfecting a stud wall design with exterior continuous insulation (CI). Phase 3, completed in two stages, continued the design development effort, exploring and evaluating a range or methods for applying CI to factory built homes. The scope also included material selection, manufacturing and cost analysis, and prototyping and testing. During this phase, a home was built with CI, evaluated, and placed in service. The experience of building a mock up wall section with CI and then constructing on line a prototype home resolved important concerns about how to integrate the material into the production process. First steps were taken toward finding least expensive approaches for incorporating CI in standard factory building practices and a preliminary assessment suggested that even at this early stage the technology is attractive when viewed from a life cycle cost perspective.

Levy, E.; Mullens, M.; Rath, P.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

State-of-the-art Building Integrated Photovoltaics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) systems may represent a powerful and versatile tool for achieving the ever increasing demand for zero energy and zero emission buildings of the near future. In this respect \\{BIPVs\\} offer an aesthetical, economical and technical solution to integrate solar cells harvesting solar radiation to produce electricity within the climate envelopes of buildings. This work summarizes the current state-of-the-art of BIPVs, including both BIPV foil, tile, module and solar cell glazing products.

Bjrn Petter Jelle; Christer Breivik

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Advanced Envelope Research for Factory-Built Housing  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

December 14, 2011 December 14, 2011 Advanced Envelope Research for Factory-Built Housing Download the presentation at: www.buildingamerica.gov/meetings.html Building Technologies Program eere.energy.gov Building America: Introduction December 14. 2011 Mike Gestwick Michael.Gestwick@nrel.gov Building Technologies Program Building Technologies Program eere.energy.gov * Reduce energy use in new and existing residential buildings * Promote building science and systems engineering / integration approach * "Do no harm": Ensure safety, health and durability are maintained or improved * Accelerate adoption of high performance technologies www.buildingamerica.gov Introduction to Building America Building Technologies Program eere.energy.gov Building America Industry Consortia

89

Buildings Energy Data Book  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption 1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption 1.2 Building Sector Expenditures 1.3 Value of Construction and Research 1.4 Environmental Data 1.5 Generic Fuel Quad and Comparison 1.6 Embodied Energy of Building Assemblies 2The Residential Sector 3Commercial Sector 4Federal Sector 5Envelope and Equipment 6Energy Supply 7Laws, Energy Codes, and Standards 8Water 9Market Transformation Glossary Acronyms and Initialisms Technology Descriptions Building Descriptions Other Data Books Biomass Energy Transportation Energy Power Technologies Hydrogen Download the Entire Book Skip down to the tables Chapter 1 provides an overview of energy use in the U.S. buildings sector, which includes single- and multi-family residences and commercial buildings. Commercial buildings include offices, stores, restaurants, warehouses, other buildings used for commercial purposes, and government buildings. Section 1.1 presents data on primary energy consumption, as well as energy consumption by end use. Section 1.2 focuses on energy and fuel expenditures in U.S. buildings. Section 1.3 provides estimates of construction spending, R&D, and construction industry employment. Section 1.4 covers emissions from energy use in buildings, construction waste, and other environmental impacts. Section 1.5 discusses key measures used throughout the Data Book, such as a quad, primary versus delivered energy, and carbon emissions. Section 1.6 provides estimates of embodied energy for various commercial building assemblies. The main points from this chapter are summarized below:

90

Buildings Energy Data Book  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption 3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures 3.4 Commercial Environmental Emissions 3.5 Commercial Builders and Construction 3.6 Office Building Markets and Companies 3.7 Retail Markets and Companies 3.8 Hospitals and Medical Facilities 3.9 Educational Facilities 3.10 Hotels/Motels 4Federal Sector 5Envelope and Equipment 6Energy Supply 7Laws, Energy Codes, and Standards 8Water 9Market Transformation Glossary Acronyms and Initialisms Technology Descriptions Building Descriptions Other Data Books Biomass Energy Transportation Energy Power Technologies Hydrogen Download the Entire Book Skip down to the tables Chapter 3 focuses on energy use in the commercial sector. Section 3.1 covers primary and site energy consumption in commercial buildings, as well as the delivered energy intensities of various building types and end uses. Section 3.2 provides data on various characteristics of the commercial sector, including floorspace, building types, ownership, and lifetimes. Section 3.3 provides data on commercial building expenditures, including energy prices. Section 3.4 covers environmental emissions from the commercial sector. Section 3.5 briefly addresses commercial building construction and retrofits. Sections 3.6, 3.7, 3.8, 3.9, and 3.10 provide details on select commercial buildings types, specifically office and retail space, medical facilities, educational facilities, and hotels and motels.

91

Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance - Part II: Development of an accelerate aging method for roofing materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highly reflective roofs can decrease the energy required for building air conditioning, help mitigate the urban heat island effect, and slow global warming. However, these benefits are diminished by soiling and weathering processes that reduce the solar reflectance of most roofing materials. Soiling results from the deposition of atmospheric particulate matter and the growth of microorganisms, each of which absorb sunlight. Weathering of materials occurs with exposure to water, sunlight, and high temperatures. This study developed an accelerated aging method that incorporates features of soiling and weathering. The method sprays a calibrated aqueous soiling mixture of dust minerals, black carbon, humic acid, and salts onto preconditioned coupons of roofing materials, then subjects the soiled coupons to cycles of ultraviolet radiation, heat and water in a commercial weatherometer. Three soiling mixtures were optimized to reproduce the site-specific solar spectral reflectance features of roofing products exposed for 3 years in a hot and humid climate (Miami, Florida); a hot and dry climate (Phoenix, Arizona); and a polluted atmosphere in a temperate climate (Cleveland, Ohio). A fourth mixture was designed to reproduce the three-site average values of solar reflectance and thermal emittance attained after 3 years of natural exposure, which the Cool Roof Rating Council (CRRC) uses to rate roofing products sold in the US. This accelerated aging method was applied to 25 products?single ply membranes, factory and field applied coatings, tiles, modified bitumen cap sheets, and asphalt shingles?and reproduced in 3 days the CRRC's 3-year aged values of solar reflectance. This accelerated aging method can be used to speed the evaluation and rating of new cool roofing materials.

Sleiman, Mohamad; Kirchstetter, Thomas W.; Berdahl, Paul; Gilbert, Haley; Quelen, Sarah; Marlot, Lea; Preble, Chelsea; Chen, Sharon; Montalbano, Amadine; Rosseler, Olivier; Akbari, Hashem; Levinson, Ronnen; Destaillats, Hugo

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

92

Building Technologies Office: About Emerging Technologies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Emerging Technologies Emerging Technologies The Emerging Technologies team funds the research and development of cost-effective, energy-efficient building technologies within five years of commercialization. Learn more about the: Key Technologies Benefits Results Key Technologies Specific technologies pursued within the Emerging Technologies team include: Lighting: advanced solid-state lighting systems, including core technology research and development, manufacturing R&D, and market development Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC): heat pumps, heat exchangers, and working fluids Building Envelope: highly insulating and dynamic windows, cool roofs, building thermal insulation, façades, daylighting, and fenestration Water Heating: heat pump water heaters and solar water heaters

93

Buildings Energy Data Book  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

5.1 Building Materials/Insulation 5.1 Building Materials/Insulation 5.2 Windows 5.3 Heating, Cooling, and Ventilation Equipment 5.4 Water Heaters 5.5 Thermal Distribution Systems 5.6 Lighting 5.7 Appliances 5.8 Active Solar Systems 5.9 On-Site Power 6Energy Supply 7Laws, Energy Codes, and Standards 8Water 9Market Transformation Glossary Acronyms and Initialisms Technology Descriptions Building Descriptions Other Data Books Biomass Energy Transportation Energy Power Technologies Hydrogen Download the Entire Book Skip down to the tables Chapter 5 contains market and technology data on building materials and equipment. Sections 5.1 and 5.2 cover the building envelope, including building assemblies, insulation, windows, and roofing. Sections 5.3 through 5.7 cover equipment used in buildings, including space heating, water heating, space cooling, lighting, thermal distribution (ventilation and hydronics), and appliances. Sections 5.8 and 5.9 focus on energy production from on-site power equipment. The main points from this chapter are summarized below:

94

2012 IECC Commercial Scope and Envelope Requirements  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BUILDING ENERGY CODES UNIVERSITY www.energycodes.gov/becu BUILDING ENERGY CODES UNIVERSITY www.energycodes.gov/becu 1 BUILDING ENERGY CODES UNIVERSITY PNNL-SA-82105 2012 IECC Commercial Scope and Envelope Requirements July 2011 BUILDING ENERGY CODES UNIVERSITY www.energycodes.gov/becu 2 Does My Project Need to Comply with the Commercial Provisions in the IECC? All Buildings Other Than:  One- and two-family residential  R-2, R-3, R-4 three stories or less in height BUILDING ENERGY CODES UNIVERSITY www.energycodes.gov/becu 3 Change in Occupancy C101.4.4  Spaces undergoing a change in occupancy that would result in an increase in demand for either fossil fuel or electrical energy shall comply with this code.  Where the use in a space changes from one to another, the installed lighting wattage shall comply

95

Residential Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Exterior and interior of apartment building Exterior and interior of apartment building Residential Buildings The study of ventilation in residential buildings is aimed at understanding the role that air leakage, infiltration, mechanical ventilation, natural ventilation and building use have on providing acceptable indoor air quality so that energy and related costs can be minimized without negatively impacting indoor air quality. Risks to human health and safety caused by inappropriate changes to ventilation and air tightness can be a major barrier to achieving high performance buildings and must be considered.This research area focuses primarily on residential and other small buildings where the interaction of the envelope is important and energy costs are dominated by space conditioning energy rather than air

96

Enhancing Residential Building Operation through its Envelope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, which support environmental and constructional matters. Also the amounts of energy consumption for these two states are compared and a substantial economy of energy consumption is presented. Eventually, results represent that 32% in heat load and 25...

Vazifeshenas, Y.; Sajjadi, H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Apply: Commercial Building Technology Demonstrations (DE-FOA...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Technologies (BENEFIT) - 2014 (DE-FOA-0001027) Energy Savings Through Improved Mechanical Systems and Building Envelope Technologies (DE-FOA-0000621) Commercial Building...

98

Commercial Building Energy Asset Score Features | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Score Score Features Commercial Building Energy Asset Score Features The Asset Scoring Tool evaluates buildings by use type. The initial version of the Asset Scoring Tool included: office, school, retail, and unrefrigerated warehouse buildings. Phase II currently under development, which will be used for the 2013 Pilot, includes library, lodging, multi-family housing, and courthouse buildings, as well as mixed-use types of buildings that incorporate Phase I and II. You can enter small and large commercial buildings, and an Asset Score will be equally applicable to new and existing buildings. Inputs You can enter these building characteristics: General information-number of floors, footprint dimension, orientation, and use type Envelope components-roof, exterior wall, and floor types and

99

Residential commissioning to assess envelope and HVAC system performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Houses do not perform optimally or even as many codes and forecasts predict. For example, Walker et al. (1998a) found large variations in thermal distribution system efficiency, as much as a factor of two even between side-by-side houses with the same system design and installation crew. This and other studies (e.g., Jump et al. 1996) indicate that duct leakage testing and sealing can readily achieve a 25 to 30% reduction in installed cooling capacity and energy consumption. As another example, consider that the building industry has recognized for at least 20 years the substantial impact that envelope airtightness has on thermal loads, energy use, comfort, and indoor air quality. However, Walker et al. (1998a) found 50% variances in airtightness for houses with the same design and construction crews, within the same subdivision. A substantial reason for these problems is that few houses are now built or retrofitted using formal design procedures, most are field assembled from a large number of components, and there is no consistent process to identify problems or to correct them. Solving the problems requires field performance evaluations of houses using appropriate and agreed upon procedures. Many procedural elements already exist in a fragmented environment; some are ready now to be integrated into a new process called residential commissioning (Wray et al. 2000). For example, California's Title 24 energy code already provides some commissioning elements for evaluating the energy performance of new houses. A house consists of components and systems that need to be commissioned, such as building envelopes, air distribution systems, cooling equipment, heat pumps, combustion appliances, controls, and other electrical appliances. For simplicity and practicality, these components and systems are usually evaluated individually, but we need to bear in mind that many of them interact. Therefore, commissioning must not only identify the energy and non-energy benefits associated with improving the performance of a component, it must also indicate how individual components interact in the complete building system. For this paper, we limit our discussion to diagnostics in areas of particular concern with significant interactions: envelope and HVAC systems. These areas include insulation quality, windows, airtightness, envelope moisture, fan and duct system airflows, duct leakage, cooling equipment charge, and combustion appliance backdrafting with spillage. The remainder of this paper first describes what residential commissioning is, its characteristic elements, and how one might structure its process. Subsequent sections describe a consolidated set of practical diagnostics that the building industry can use now. Where possible, we also discuss the accuracy and usability of these diagnostics, based on recent laboratory work and field studies. We conclude by describing areas in need of research and development, such as practical field diagnostics for envelope thermal conductance and combustion safety. There are several potential benefits for builders, consumers, code officials, utilities, and energy planners of commissioning houses using a consistent set of validated methods. Builders and/or commissioning agents will be able to optimize system performance and reduce consumer costs associated with building energy use. Consumers will be more likely to get what they paid for and builders can show they delivered what was expected. Code officials will be better able to enforce existing and future energy codes. As energy reduction measures are more effectively incorporated into the housing stock, utilities and energy planners will benefit through greater confidence in predicting demand and greater assurance that demand reductions will actually occur. Performance improvements will also reduce emissions from electricity generating plants and residential combustion equipment. Research to characterize these benefits is underway.

Wray, Craig P.; Sherman, Max H.

2001-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

100

ACCELERATOR SAFETY ENVELOPE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LCASE-001, Ver. 3 LCASE-001, Ver. 3 Linac Commissioning Accelerator Safety Envelope For the National Synchrotron Light Source II Photon Sciences Directorate Version 3 December 8, 2011 Prepared by Brookhaven National Laboratory P.O. Box 5000 Upton, NY 11973-5000 managed by Brookhaven Science Associates for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Basic Energy Science under contract DE-AC02-98CD10886 Linac Commissioning Accelerator Safety Envelope (LCASE) ii Photon Sciences Directorate ii DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contractors, subcontractors, or their employees, makes any warranty,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

ACCELERATOR SAFETY ENVELOPE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BCASE-001, Ver. 2 BCASE-001, Ver. 2 Booster Commissioning Accelerator Safety Envelope For the National Synchrotron Light Source II Photon Sciences Directorate Version 2 December 8, 2011 Prepared by Brookhaven National Laboratory P.O. Box 5000 Upton, NY 11973-5000 managed by Brookhaven Science Associates for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Basic Energy Science under contract DE-AC02-98CD10886 Booster Commissioning Accelerator Safety Envelope (BCASE) ii Photon Sciences Directorate ii DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contractors, subcontractors, or their employees, makes any warranty,

102

Residential Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Apartment building exterior and interior Apartment building exterior and interior Residential Buildings EETD's research in residential buildings addresses problems associated with whole-building integration involving modeling, measurement, design, and operation. Areas of research include the movement of air and associated penalties involving distribution of pollutants, energy and fresh air. Contacts Max Sherman MHSherman@lbl.gov (510) 486-4022 Iain Walker ISWalker@lbl.gov (510) 486-4692 Links Residential Building Systems Group Batteries and Fuel Cells Buildings Energy Efficiency Applications Commercial Buildings Cool Roofs and Heat Islands Demand Response Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends High Technology and Industrial Systems Lighting Systems Residential Buildings Simulation Tools Sustainable Federal Operations

103

Building Green in Greensburg: Greensburg State Bank  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Greensburg State Bank Greensburg State Bank When a tornado leveled 95% of Greensburg, the only thing left of Greensburg State Bank was the original vault. So the bank was rebuilt on its original site and re-opened for business just one year later. It was the second commercial building in Greensburg to do so. The new bank boasts a variety of green building features including an east-west building orientation that maximizes natural daylight inside, insulated concrete form (ICF) construction for an energy- efficient building envelope, and a high efficiency heating and cooling system. ENERGY EFFICIENCY FEATURES * An east-west building orientation maximizes natural daylighting in the interior and reduces the wall area on the east and west that the sun can heat up, decreasing the need for cooling

104

Technical support document for proposed 1994 revision of the MEC thermal envelope requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the development of the proposed revision of the Council of American Building Officials` (CABO) 1994 supplement to the 1993 Model Energy Code (MEC) building thermal envelope requirements for maximum component U{sub 0}-value. The 1994 amendments to the 1993 MEC were established in last year`s code change cycle and did not change the envelope requirements. The research underlying the proposed MEC revision was conducted by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Standards program. The goal of this research was to develop revised guidelines based on an objective methodology that determines the most cost-effective (least total cost) combination of energy conservation measures (ECMs) (insulation levels and window types) for residential buildings. This least-cost set of ECMs was used as a basis for proposing revised MEC maximum U{sub 0}-values (thermal transmittances). ECMs include window types (for example, double-pane vinyl) and insulation levels (for example, R-19) for ceilings, walls, and floors.

Conner, C.C.; Lucas, R.G.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Cold Climate Foundation Wall Hygrothermal Research Facility (Fact Sheet)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This case study describes the research conducted at the University of Minnesotas Cloquet Residential Research Facility (CRRF) in northern Minnesota, which features more than 2,500 ft2 of below-grade space for building systems foundation hygrothermal research. Here, the NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team researches ways to improve the energy efficiency of the building envelope, including wall assemblies, basements, roofs, insulation, and air leakage.

106

Hybrid Model for Building Performance Diagnosis and Optimal Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and two capacitances, is used to simulate building envelope whose parameters are determined in frequency domain using the theoretical frequency characteristics of the envelope. Internal mass is represented by a 2R2C thermal network model, which consists...

Wang, S.; Xu, X.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Building Energy Asset Score | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

- such as the building envelope (roof, walls and windows) and lighting, hot water and HVAC systems - have a significant impact on how efficiently energy is used within a building...

108

Building Technologies Office: Building America: Bringing Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

America: Bringing Building Innovations to Market America: Bringing Building Innovations to Market Building America logo The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program has been a source of innovations in residential building energy performance, durability, quality, affordability, and comfort for more than 15 years. This world-class research program partners with industry (including many of the top U.S. home builders) to bring cutting-edge innovations and resources to market. For example, the Solution Center provides expert building science information for building professionals looking to gain a competitive advantage by delivering high performance homes. At Building America meetings, researchers and industry partners can gather to generate new ideas for improving energy efficiency of homes. And, Building America research teams and DOE national laboratories offer the building industry specialized expertise and new insights from the latest research projects.

109

Building Technologies Office: Appliances Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Appliances Research to Appliances Research to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Appliances Research on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Appliances Research on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Appliances Research on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Appliances Research on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Appliances Research on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Appliances Research on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research Water Heating Research Lighting Research Sensors & Controls Research Energy Efficient Buildings Hub Building Energy Modeling

110

Window and Envelope Technologies Overview- 2014 BTO Peer Review  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presenter: Karma Sawyer, U.S. Department of Energy This presentation at the 2014 Peer Review provided an overview of the Building Technologies Office's Window and Envelope Technologies activities. Through robust feedback, the BTO Program Peer Review enhances existing efforts and improves future designs.

111

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Conway Street Apartments- Greenfield, Massachusetts  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Through recent research efforts, CARB has been evaluating strategies and technologies that can make dramatic improvements in energy performance in multifamily buildings. In this project, the team helped to transform a 100-year-old empty school building into 12 high performance apartments with low energy costs. The advanced features included an excellent thermal envelope of closed-cell spray foam and triple-pane windows, ductless heat pumps, solar thermal hot water system, and photovoltaic system.

112

Dynamic Simulation and Analysis of Factors Impacting the Energy Consumption of Residential Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Buildings have a close relationship with climate. There are a lot of important factors that influence building energy consumption such as building shape coefficient, insulation work of building envelope, covered area, and the area ratio of window...

Lian, Y.; Hao, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Building Technologies | Clean Energy | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Envelope Equipment Building Technologies Deployment System/Building Integration Climate & Environment Manufacturing Fossil Energy Sensors & Measurement Sustainable Electricity Systems Biology Transportation Clean Energy Home | Science & Discovery | Clean Energy | Research Areas | Buildings SHARE Building Technologies Reducing the energy consumption of the nation's buildings and resulting carbon emissions is essential to achieving a sustainable clean energy future. To address the enormous challenge, Oak Ridge National Laboratory is focused on helping develop new building technologies, whole-building and community integration, improved energy management in buildings and industrial facilities during their operational phase, and market transformations in all of these areas.

114

Buildings Energy Data Book  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

4.1 Federal Buildings Energy Consumption 4.1 Federal Buildings Energy Consumption 4.2 Federal Buildings and Facilities Characteristics 4.3 Federal Buildings and Facilities Expenditures 4.4 Legislation Affecting Energy Consumption of Federal Buildings and Facilities 5Envelope and Equipment 6Energy Supply 7Laws, Energy Codes, and Standards 8Water 9Market Transformation Glossary Acronyms and Initialisms Technology Descriptions Building Descriptions Other Data Books Biomass Energy Transportation Energy Power Technologies Hydrogen Download the Entire Book Skip down to the tables This chapter provides information on Federal building energy consumption, characteristics, and expenditures, as well as information on legislation affecting said consumption. The main points from this chapter are summarized below: In FY 2007, Federal buildings accounted for 2.2% of all building energy consumption and 0.9% of total U.S. energy consumption.

115

Building Green in Greensburg: City Hall Building  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

City Hall Building City Hall Building Destroyed in the tornado, City Hall was completed in October 2009 and built to achieve the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED ® ) Platinum designation. The 4,700-square-foot building serves as a symbol of Greensburg's vitality and leadership in becoming a sustainable community where social, environmental, and economic concerns are held in balance. It houses the City's administrative offices and council chambers, and serves as a gathering place for town meetings and municipal court sessions. According to energy analysis modeling results, the new City Hall building is 38% more energy efficient than an ASHRAE-compliant building of the same size and shape. ENERGY EFFICIENCY FEATURES * A well-insulated building envelope with an

116

Advanced Technologies and Practices - Building America Top Innovations...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

and construction practices that improve the building envelope; heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC); water heating components; and indoor air quality and safety...

117

Advanced Technologies and Practices- Building America Top Innovations  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Top Innovations in this category encompass research in specific technologies and construction practices that improve the building envelope, HVAC components, ventilation, and health and safety issues.

118

The evolution of building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) in the German and French technological innovation systems for solar cells.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) are photovoltaic (PV) systems, fulfilling a function of a building and therefore allowing synergy effects by substituting the ordinary envelope of (more)

Rode, Johannes

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Mercantile Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mercantile Mercantile Characteristics by Activity... Mercantile Mercantile buildings are those used for the sale and display of goods other than food (buildings used for the sales of food are classified as food sales). This category includes enclosed malls and strip shopping centers. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Mercantile Buildings... Almost half of all mercantile buildings were less than 5,000 square feet. Roughly two-thirds of mercantile buildings housed only one establishment. Another 20 percent housed between two and five establishments, and the remaining 12 percent housed six or more establishments. Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics

120

Other Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Other Other Characteristics by Activity... Other Other buildings are those that do not fit into any of the specifically named categories. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Other Buildings... Other buildings include airplane hangars; laboratories; buildings that are industrial or agricultural with some retail space; buildings having several different commercial activities that, together, comprise 50 percent or more of the floorspace, but whose largest single activity is agricultural, industrial/manufacturing, or residential; and all other miscellaneous buildings that do not fit into any other CBECS category. Since these activities are so diverse, the data are probably less meaningful than for other activities; they are provided here to complete

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

NREL: Buildings Research - SUNREL Energy Simulation Software  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Research Research Search More Search Options Site Map SUNREL® is a hourly building energy simulation program that aids in the design of small energy-efficient buildings where the loads are dominated by the dynamic interactions between the building's envelope, its environment, and its occupants. The program is based on fundamental models of physical behavior and includes algorithms specifically for passive technologies, such as Trombe walls, programmable window shading, advanced glazings, and natural ventilation. In addition, a simple graphical interface aids in creating input files. SUNREL is an upgrade of SERI-RES, which was released in the early 1980s by the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) that has since been incorporated into the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The program has been used by

122

Nuclear Envelope Breakdown Can Substitute for Primary Envelopment-Mediated Nuclear Egress of Herpesviruses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...15 August 2011 research-article Structure and Assembly Nuclear Envelope Breakdown...herpesvirus-induced nuclear envelope breakdown...Journal Article Research Support, Non-U...Microscopy, Electron Nuclear Envelope metabolism...

Barbara G. Klupp; Harald Granzow; Thomas C. Mettenleiter

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

123

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: TREAT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TREAT TREAT TREAT logo. Performs hourly simulations for single family, multifamily, and mobile homes. Comprehensive analysis tool includes tools for retrofitting heating and cooling systems, building envelopes (insulation and infiltration), windows and doors, hot water, ventilation, lighting and appliances, and more. Weather normalizes utility bills for comparison to performance of model. Highly accurate calculations which consider waste heat (baseload), solar heat gain, and fully interacted energy savings calculations. Create individual energy improvements or packages of interactive improvements. Also performs load sizing. Generates XML file for upload to online database tracking systems. Complies with HERS BESTEST. Approved by the U.S. Department of Energy for use in Weatherization Assistance Programs. Screen

124

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: TREAT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TREAT TREAT TREAT logo. Performs hourly simulations for single family, multifamily, and mobile homes. Comprehensive analysis tool includes tools for retrofitting heating and cooling systems, building envelopes (insulation and infiltration), windows and doors, hot water, ventilation, lighting and appliances, and more. Weather normalizes utility bills for comparison to performance of model. Highly accurate calculations which consider waste heat (baseload), solar heat gain, and fully interacted energy savings calculations. Create individual energy improvements or packages of interactive improvements. Also performs load sizing. Generates XML file for upload to online database tracking systems. Complies with HERS BESTEST. Approved by the U.S. Department of Energy for use in Weatherization Assistance Programs. Screen

125

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Ground Source Heat Pump Research, TaC Studios Residence, Atlanta, Georigia (Fact Sheet),  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This case study describes the construction of a new test home in Atlanta, GA, that demonstrates current best practices for the mixed-humid climate, including a building envelope featuring advanced air sealing details and low density spray foam insulation, glazing that exceeds ENERGY STAR requirements, and a high performance heating and cooling system.

126

Uses and misuses of bioclimatic envelope modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bioclimatic envelope models use associations between aspects of climate and species' occurrences to estimate the conditions that are suitable to maintain viable populations. Once bioclimatic envelopes are characterized, they can be applied to a...

Araú jo, Miguel B.; Peterson, A. Townsend

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Strategies for mitigating risk to buildings from abnormal load events  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Building structures customarily are designed to withstand loads from their occupants and the natural environment. The normal design process provides a measure of structural integrity that is also available to withstand events that traditionally have been outside the design envelope, including accidents, misuse, and sabotage. Changes in design and construction practices over the past several decades have lessened inherent robustness in certain modern structural systems, making them vulnerable to such events. Social and political factors also have led to an increase in hazardous events that may pose a risk to buildings. Finally, public awareness of building safety has increased as a result of well-publicised natural and man-made disasters. Building practices to mitigate the risk of abnormal loads and ensuing unacceptable damage or collapse can be improved using concepts of structural reliability and risk analysis. This paper summarises the basis for such practices, from the perspective of a structural engineer.

Bruce R. Ellingwood

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Building Technologies Office: Water Heating Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water Heating Research Water Heating Research to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Water Heating Research on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Water Heating Research on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Water Heating Research on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Water Heating Research on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Water Heating Research on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Water Heating Research on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research Water Heating Research Lighting Research Sensors & Controls Research Energy Efficient Buildings Hub

129

Indoor-Outdoor Air Leakage of Apartments and Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We compiled and analyzed available data concerning indoor-outdoor air leakage rates and building leakiness parameters for commercial buildings and apartments. We analyzed the data, and reviewed the related literature, to determine the current state of knowledge of the statistical distribution of air exchange rates and related parameters for California buildings, and to identify significant gaps in the current knowledge and data. Very few data were found from California buildings, so we compiled data from other states and some other countries. Even when data from other developed countries were included, data were sparse and few conclusive statements were possible. Little systematic variation in building leakage with construction type, building activity type, height, size, or location within the u.s. was observed. Commercial buildings and apartments seem to be about twice as leaky as single-family houses, per unit of building envelope area. Although further work collecting and analyzing leakage data might be useful, we suggest that a more important issue may be the transport of pollutants between units in apartments and mixed-use buildings, an under-studied phenomenon that may expose occupants to high levels of pollutants such as tobacco smoke or dry cleaning fumes.

Price, P.N.; Shehabi, A.; Chan, R.W.; Gadgil, A.J.

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Transforming Commercial Building Operations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Ron Underhill Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ronald.underhill@pnnl.gov (509)375-9765 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Most buildings are not commissioned (Cx) before occupancy, including HVAC and lighting systems * Buildings often are poorly operated and maintained leading to significant energy waste of 5 to 20%, even when they have building automation systems (BASs)

131

Transforming Commercial Building Operations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Ron Underhill Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ronald.underhill@pnnl.gov (509)375-9765 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Most buildings are not commissioned (Cx) before occupancy, including HVAC and lighting systems * Buildings often are poorly operated and maintained leading to significant energy waste of 5 to 20%, even when they have building automation systems (BASs)

132

Method and apparatus for controlling carrier envelope phase  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A chirped pulse amplification laser system. The system generally comprises a laser source, a pulse modification apparatus including first and second pulse modification elements separated by a separation distance, a positioning element, a measurement device, and a feedback controller. The laser source is operable to generate a laser pulse and the pulse modification apparatus operable to modify at least a portion of the laser pulse. The positioning element is operable to reposition at least a portion of the pulse modification apparatus to vary the separation distance. The measurement device is operable to measure the carrier envelope phase of the generated laser pulse and the feedback controller is operable to control the positioning element based on the measured carrier envelope phase to vary the separation distance of the pulse modification elements and control the carrier envelope phase of laser pulses generated by the laser source.

Chang, Zenghu (Manhattan, KS); Li, Chengquan (Sunnyvale, CA); Moon, Eric (Manhattan, KS)

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

133

Cladding Attachment Over Thick Exterior Insulating Sheathing (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cladding Attachment Over Thick Cladding Attachment Over Thick Exterior Insulating Sheathing Project InformatIon: Project name: Cladding Attachment Over Thick Exterior Insulating Sheathing Partners: Building Science Corporation www.buildingscience.com The Dow Chemical Company www.dow.com James Hardie Building Products www.jameshardie.com Building component: Building envelope component application: New and/or retrofit; Single and/or multifamily Year research conducted: 2011 through 2012 applicable climate Zone(s): All The addition of insulation to the exterior of buildings is an effective means of increasing the thermal resistance of wood-framed walls and mass masonry wall assemblies. The location of the insulation on the exterior of the structure has many direct benefits, including better effective R-value from reduced thermal

134

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Design Advisor  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Design Advisor Design Advisor Web suite of building energy simulators that model energy, comfort, and daylighting performance, and give estimates of the long-term cost of utilities. The simulations restrict flexibility in order to offer users greater ease-of-use and speed. The tool can be quickly mastered by non-technical designers, and runs fast enough to allow them the scope to experiment with many different versions of a design during a single sitting. The immediate feedback that the site provides makes it useful in the conceptual phase of design, when architects cannot afford to invest large amounts of time to rule out any particular idea. The emphasis of the energy model is on the envelope system of the building, and includes simulations of high-technology windows such as double-skin facades.

135

North Carolina | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Carolina Carolina Last updated on 2013-11-04 Current News On Friday, June 24, 2011, Governor Beverly Perdue signed SB 708 into law and approved a new Energy Conservation Code for the residential and commercial buildings in North Carolina. This new code will save home and business owners money on their monthly energy bills and help retain and create jobs in every region of the state. It delivers significant improvements in insulation levels, window performance and building envelope air leakage reduction. The new code also includes the High Efficiency Residential Option (HERO) Appendix which delivers a 30% improvement in minimum energy efficiency over the state's current energy code. The new NC Energy Conservation Code became effective January 1, 2012 with mandatory

136

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KEY University Buildings Landmark Buildings The Lanyon Building Roads Footpath Cafe Grass Queen's University Belfast Campus Map The Lanyon Building The Students' Union The David Keir Building School Offices and Sonic Arts Q Nursing and Midwifery R Pharmacy S Planning, Architecture and Civil Engineering T Politics

Paxton, Anthony T.

137

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KEY University Buildings Landmark Buildings The Lanyon Building Roads Footpath Cafe University Accommodation Queen's University Belfast Campus Map The Lanyon Building The Students' Union The David Keir Building School Offices A Biological Sciences B Chemistry and Chemical Engineering C Education D

Müller, Jens-Dominik

138

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KEY University Buildings Landmark Buildings The Lanyon Building Roads Footpath Cafe University Engineering N Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences P Music and Sonic Arts Q Nursing and Midwifery R and Student Affairs 3 Administration Building 32 Ashby Building 27 Belfast City Hospital 28 Bernard Crossland

Paxton, Anthony T.

139

Building Technologies Office: Nanolubricants Research Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nanolubricants Research Nanolubricants Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Nanolubricants Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Nanolubricants Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Nanolubricants Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Nanolubricants Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Nanolubricants Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Nanolubricants Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research Water Heating Research Lighting Research

140

Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies Activities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Emerging Technologies Emerging Technologies Activities to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies Activities on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies Activities on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies Activities on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies Activities on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies Activities on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies Activities on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research Water Heating Research

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sensors and Controls Sensors and Controls Research to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research Water Heating Research Lighting Research

142

Building America Case Study: Predicting Envelope Leakage in Attached...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

fewer resources in the field-equipment, personnel, and time, because only solo test values are needed. Does not require simultaneous access to multiple housing units,...

143

Windows and Building Envelope Facilities | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Advanced Windows Testbed 1 of 2 LBNL's Advanced Windows Testbed This outdoor test facility contains three, thermally-isolated chambers that have been instrumented to...

144

#AskEnergySaver: Building Envelopes | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

for flashing and for insulating to minimize water and moisture intrusion and energy loss? What are the most energy-efficient window types in cold environments? -- from Daniel...

145

Windows and Building Envelope Research and Development Roadmap...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

mitigating any other market barriers, which would increase the likelihood of mass-market technology adoption, are identified. This roadmap is a useful resource for public and...

146

Building Technologies Office: Partner with DOE and Emerging Technologies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

with DOE and Emerging Technologies with DOE and Emerging Technologies The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) seeks partnerships to research and develop energy efficient building technologies, including advanced lighting, heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC), building envelope (walls and roof), windows, water heating, appliances, and sensors and controls. Some partnership opportunities are described below. Industries Manufacturers and other developers of building energy efficient technologies are encouraged to apply to one of our funding solicitations, called funding opportunity announcements (FOAs), which are posted on the EERE Funding Opportunity Exchange. Interested industries may also consider partnering with one of the DOE-supported national laboratories (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, etc.) to jointly develop market-ready products through Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs). Please consult with the individual labs to determine their procedures for initiating and developing CRADAs.

147

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: NewQUICK  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NewQUICK NewQUICK NewQUICK logo. Thermal design and simulation tool capable of calculating loads and energy consumption. NewQuick can predict hourly air temperatures and relative humidities, which makes it a valuable tool in the passive design of building envelopes. Complete load and energy analysis of a building can further be executed in order to design an efficient air-conditioning system (HVAC). The simulation tool executes dynamic thermal calculations for realistic 'real life' temperature and load predictions. The building model integrates natural ventilation, internal load (convective and radiative), occupant load and evaporative cooling models. The simulation tool includes the modelling of external shading devices, interior mass, direct solar heat gains and ground contact surfaces.

148

Chapter 5 - Passive Utilization of Solar Energy in a Building  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter presents different passive solar technologies applied in buildings with a focus on technologies suitable for high-latitude countries. Direct and indirect solar gain systems are presented and described in detail. Examples of traditional and modern passive solar solutions are analyzed. Special attention is given to buffer spaces and different glazing technologies; their application depending on climatic conditions is analyzed, and some recommendations are given. Implementation of transparent insulation (TI) in the building envelope is considered. TI is transparent for solar radiation and is characterized by relatively high thermal resistance. Some examples of TI practical applications are presented, including their use for daylighting purposes. The idea of integrating phase-change materials (PCMs) into building structures is considered. Their storage role, high heat capacity, as well as cooling and heating functions are explained. Different forms of PCM integration technologies are presented.

Dorota Chwieduk

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Indoor-outdoor air leakage of apartments and commercial buildings.  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Indoor-outdoor air leakage of apartments and commercial buildings. Indoor-outdoor air leakage of apartments and commercial buildings. Title Indoor-outdoor air leakage of apartments and commercial buildings. Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2006 Authors Price, Phillip N., Arman Shehabi, Wanyu R. Chan, and Ashok J. Gadgil Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract We compiled and analyzed available data concerning indoor-outdoor air leakage rates and building leakiness parameters for commercial buildings and apartments. We analyzed the data, and reviewed the related literature, to determine the current state of knowledge of the statistical distribution of air exchange rates and related parameters for California buildings, and to identify significant gaps in the current knowledge and data. Very few data were found from California buildings, so we compiled data from other states and some other countries. Even when data from other developed countries were included, data were sparse and few conclusive statements were possible. Little systematic variation in building leakage with construction type, building activity type, height, size, or location within the u.s. was observed. Commercial buildings and apartments seem to be about twice as leaky as single-family houses, per unit of building envelope area. Although further work collecting and analyzing leakage data might be useful, we suggest that a more important issue may be the transport of pollutants between units in apartments and mixed-use buildings, an under-studied phenomenon that may expose occupants to high levels of pollutants such as tobacco smoke or dry cleaning fumes.

150

Building 32 35 Building 36  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building 10 Building 13 Building 7 LinHall Drive Lot R10 Lot R12 Lot 207 Lot 209 LotR9 Lot 205 Lot 203 LotBuilding30 Richland Avenue 39 44 Building 32 35 Building 36 34 Building 18 Building 19 11 12 45 29 15 Building 5 8 9 17 Building 16 6 Building 31 Building 2 Ridges Auditorium Building 24 Building 4

Botte, Gerardine G.

151

Buildings Energy Data Book  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

2.1 Residential Sector Energy Consumption 2.1 Residential Sector Energy Consumption 2.2 Residential Sector Characteristics 2.3 Residential Sector Expenditures 2.4 Residential Environmental Data 2.5 Residential Construction and Housing Market 2.6 Residential Home Improvements 2.7 Multi-Family Housing 2.8 Industrialized Housing 2.9 Low-Income Housing 3Commercial Sector 4Federal Sector 5Envelope and Equipment 6Energy Supply 7Laws, Energy Codes, and Standards 8Water 9Market Transformation Glossary Acronyms and Initialisms Technology Descriptions Building Descriptions Other Data Books Biomass Energy Transportation Energy Power Technologies Hydrogen Download the Entire Book Skip down to the tables Chapter 2 focuses on energy use in the U.S. residential buildings sector. Section 2.1 provides data on energy consumption by fuel type and end use, as well as energy consumption intensities for different housing categories. Section 2.2 presents characteristics of average households and changes in the U.S. housing stock over time. Sections 2.3 and 2.4 address energy-related expenditures and residential sector emissions, respectively. Section 2.5 contains statistics on housing construction, existing home sales, and mortgages. Section 2.6 presents data on home improvement spending and trends. Section 2.7 describes the industrialized housing industry, including the top manufacturers of various manufactured home products. Section 2.8 presents information on low-income housing and Federal weatherization programs. The main points from this chapter are summarized below:

152

STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENVELOPE INSULATION; ROOFING; FENESTRATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENVELOPE ­ INSULATION; ROOFING; FENESTRATION CEC-CF-6R-ENV-01 (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CF-6R-ENV-01 Envelope ­ Insulation; Roofing to be checked to ensure the mandatory measures have been met. Description of Insulation 1. RAISED FLOOR Material

153

Accelerated climate ageing of building materials, components and structures in the laboratory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An example of such new materials and solutions is building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV), where the developed solar cell...26 [75]. A BIPV system then also has to fulfil the requirements of a building envelope ...

Bjrn Petter Jelle

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Research Article Building Thermal, Lighting,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Article Building Thermal, Lighting, and Acoustics Modeling E-mail: yanda@tsinghua.edu.cn A detailed loads comparison of three building energy modeling programs: EnergyPlus, DeST and DOE-2.1E Dandan Zhu 1 , Tianzhen Hong 2 , Da Yan 1 (), Chuang Wang 1 1. Department of Building Science, School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China 2. Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Abstract Building energy simulation is widely used to help design energy efficient building envelopes and HVAC systems, develop and demonstrate compliance of building energy codes, and implement building energy rating programs. However, large discrepancies exist between simulation results

155

Commercial Building Energy Asset Scoring Tool | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Scoring Tool Scoring Tool Commercial Building Energy Asset Scoring Tool This Asset Scoring Tool will guide your data collection, store your building information, and generate Asset Scores and system evaluations for your building envelope and building systems. The Asset Scoring Tool will also identify cost-effective upgrade opportunities and help you gain insight into the energy efficiency potential of your building. Key Features The Asset Scoring Tool will generate an Asset Score Report that will provide: A whole-building energy efficiency score based on the building envelope and building systems (heating, ventilation, cooling, lighting and service hot water). An evaluation of the current building systems that identifies inefficient building systems A set of opportunities to save energy and money

156

Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing, Phase 3...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing, Phase 3-Design Development and Prototyping Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing, Phase 3-Design Development...

157

Development of Building Automation and Control Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A design flow for building automation and control systems,Development of Building Automation and Control Systems Yangdesign of the build- ing automation system (including the

Yang, Yang; Zhu, Qi; Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

The Path to the Building Integrated Photovoltaics of Tomorrow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) systems may represent a powerful and versatile tool for achieving the ever increasing demand for zero energy and zero emission buildings of the near future, offering an aesthetical, economical and technical solution to integrate solar cells producing electricity within the climate envelopes of buildings. This work addresses possible research opportunities and pathways for the \\{BIPVs\\} of tomorrow.

Bjrn Petter Jelle; Christer Breivik

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Energy Efficient Residential Building Code for Arab Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of building envelope and weather data in reducing electrical energy consumption. The impacts of the following parameters were studied namely; walls and roof constructions, window size and glazing type for different geographical locations in the Arab Countries...

Hanna, G. B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

A Prediction of Energy Savings Resulting from Building Infiltration Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, working to reduce or increase it. This study uses simulation to evaluate the potential energy impact of the interaction when several different strategies for controlling air leakage direction and velocity in building envelope components are implemented...

McWatters, K.; Claridge, D. E.; Liu, M.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

building | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

building building Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (7 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (5 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

162

Building America Webinar: Opportunities in Large Data Collection and Analysis-Presentation #1  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation is titled Multifamily Envelope Leakage Model and is included in the webinar on April 16, 2014.

163

Effective Daylighting: Evaluating Daylighting Performance in the San Francisco Federal Building from the Perspective of Building Occupants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

integrated, and green design 11 Figure 2.1 Environmental control functions performed by the buildingbuilding as a model of high performance, integrated, and green design.Design and Evaluation of integrated envelope and lighting control strategies for commercial buildings.

Konis, Kyle Stas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Effective Daylighting: Evaluating Daylighting Performance in the San Francisco Federal Building from the Perspective of Building Occupants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

integrated, and green design 11 Figure 2.1 Environmental control functions performed by the buildingbuilding as a model of high performance, integrated, and green design.Design and Evaluation of integrated envelope and lighting control strategies for commercial buildings.

Konis, Kyle Stas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Buildings Residential Buildings to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Technology Research, Standards, & Codes Popular Residential Links Success Stories Previous Next Warming Up to Pump Heat. Lighten Energy Loads with System Design. Cut Refrigerator Energy Use to Save Money. Tools EnergyPlus Whole Building Simulation Program

166

Predicting Envelope Leakage in Attached Dwellings  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Predicting Envelope Leakage in Predicting Envelope Leakage in Attached Dwellings Dianne Griffiths April 30, 2013 Presentation Outline * Objectives * What we accomplished last year * What we plan to do this year Why do we do blower door testing? * Compliance to some standard * Identify opportunity for reducing energy use * Identify opportunity for improving IAQ * Measure implementation verification Total (or Solo) Leakage Test P = 50 Pa P = 50 Pa P = 50 Pa P = 50 Pa Open windows, open doors, same test pressure across whole envelope. If pressure across envelope at any point is different from test pressure by less than 5 Pa, not neccessary. "Fully" Guarded Test P = 0 Pa P = 0 Pa P = 50 Pa P = 0 Pa Isolates exterior leakage What's the big deal? * How we measure depends on why we're

167

FAST MOREAU ENVELOPE COMPUTATION I: NUMERICAL ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 5, 2005 ... brute force computation of the Moreau envelope involves computing a mini- ... velope on the same grid the function f is sampled (i.e. take S = X)...

2005-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

168

Equatorial Solitary Waves. Part 2: Envelope Solitons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Via the method of multiple scales, it is shown that the time and space evolution of the envelope of wave packets of weakly nonlinear, strongly dispersive equatorial waves is governed by the Nonlinear Schrdinger equation. The diverse phenomena of ...

John P. Boyd

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Building America Case Study: Boiler Control Replacement for Hydronically Heated Multifamily Buildings, Cambridge, Massachusetts (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ARIES Collaborative, a U.S. Department of Energy Building America research team, partnered with NeighborWorks America affiliate Homeowners' Rehab Inc. (HRI) of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to study improvements to the central hydronic heating system in one of the nonprofit's housing developments. The heating controls in the three-building, 42-unit Columbia Cambridge Alliance for Spanish Tenants housing development were upgraded. Fuel use in the development was excessive compared to similar properties. A poorly insulated thermal envelope contributed to high energy bills, but adding wall insulation was not cost-effective or practical. The more cost-effective option was improving heating system efficiency. Efficient operation of the heating system faced several obstacles, including inflexible boiler controls and failed thermostatic radiator valves. Boiler controls were replaced with systems that offer temperature setbacks and one that controls heat based on apartment temperature in addition to outdoor temperature. Utility bill analysis shows that post-retrofit weather-normalized heating energy use was reduced by 10%-31% (average of 19%). Indoor temperature cutoff reduced boiler runtime (and therefore heating fuel consumption) by 28% in the one building in which it was implemented. Nearly all savings were obtained during night which had a lower indoor temperature cut off (68 degrees F) than day (73 degrees F). This implies that the outdoor reset curve was appropriately adjusted for this building for daytime operation. Nighttime setback of heating system supply water temperature had no discernable impact on boiler runtime or gas bills.

Not Available

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

A Look at Principal Building Activities in Commercial Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Commercial Buildings Home> Special Topics > 1995 Principal Home > Commercial Buildings Home> Special Topics > 1995 Principal Building Activities Office Education Health Care Retail and Service Food Service Food Sales Lodging Religious Worship Public Assembly Public Order and Safety Warehouse and Storage Vacant Other Summary Comparison Table (All Activities) More information on the: Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey A Look at ... Principal Building Activities in the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) When you look at a city skyline, most of the buildings you see are commercial buildings. In the CBECS, commercial buildings include office buildings, shopping malls, hospitals, churches, and many other types of buildings. Some of these buildings might not traditionally be considered "commercial," but the CBECS includes all buildings that are not residential, agricultural, or industrial.

171

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Principal Building Activities  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Principal Building Activities Principal Building Activities Principal Building Activities Three of the four activities that dominated commercial floorspace-office, warehouse and storage, and mercantile-dominated the distribution of buildings (Figure 1). Each of these three activity categories included more than 600,000 buildings, while no other building activity had more than a half-million buildings and only service buildings exceeded 350,000 buildings. Detailed tables Figure 1. Distribution of Buildings by Principal Building Activity, 1999 Figure 1. Distribution of Buildings by Principal Building Activity, 1999. If having trouble viewing this page, please contact the National Energy Information Center at (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey

172

Community Wind: Once Again Pushing the Envelope of Project Finance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Community Wind: Once Again Pushing the Envelope of Project Finance Community Wind: Once Again Pushing the Envelope of Project Finance Title Community Wind: Once Again Pushing the Envelope of Project Finance Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown Year of Publication 2011 Authors Bolinger, Mark Pagination 34 Date Published 01/2011 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract The "community wind" sector in the United States - defined in this report as consisting of relatively small utility-scale wind power projects that sell power on the wholesale market and that are developed and owned primarily by local investors - has historically served as a "test bed" or "proving grounds" not only for up-and-coming wind turbine manufacturers trying to break into the broader U.S. wind market, but also for wind project financing structures. More recently, a handful of community wind projects built over the past year have been financed via new and creative structures that push the envelope of wind project finance in the U.S. - in many cases, moving beyond the now-standard partnership flip structures involving strategic tax equity investors. Details of the financing structures used for each project are described in Section 4 of the full report. In most cases, these are first-of-their-kind structures that could serve as useful examples for other projects - both community and commercial wind alike. Other policy-related enablers of some of the financial innovation profiled in this report include New Markets Tax Credits - which are not new but have only recently been tapped to help finance solar projects and, for the first time, in 2010 have been part of a community wind project financing - and Section 6108 of the 2008 Farm Bill, which expands the USDA's authority to loan to renewable generation projects, even if those projects are not serving traditional rural markets.

173

Russias R&D for Low Energy Buildings: Insights for Cooperation with Russia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Russian buildings, Russian buildings sector energy consumption. Russian government has made R&D investment a priority again. The government and private sector both invest in a range of building energy technologies. In particular, heating, ventilation and air conditioning, district heating, building envelope, and lighting have active technology research projects and programs in Russia.

Schaaf, Rebecca E.; Evans, Meredydd

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.2 Federal Tax Incentives  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

5 5 Tax Incentives of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 New Homes --Builders who build homes that use 50% less energy for space heating and cooling than the IECC 2003 are eligible for a $2,000 tax credit per home. --Manufactured housing builder that either uses 30% less energy than this reference code or that meet the then-current ENERGY STAR criteria are eligible for $1,000 tax credit per home. At least 10% of energy savings must be obtained through building envelope improvements. Envelope Improvements to Existing Homes --10% tax credit up to $500 for upgrading building envelope to be compliant with codes for new construction. Window replacement is capped at $200. $500 is the cap for all for envelope and HVAC improvements. Improvements must be installed between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2007.

175

Identification of building applications for a variable-conductance insulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent experiments have confirmed the feasibility of controllable, reversible disabling of a vacuum insulation panel, which may result in the development of energy-efficient building envelope components. These components could extend the managed energy exchange through the building envelope from about 30% (typical with fenestration systems in commercial buildings), to as much as 90% of the gross wall and roof areas. Further investigation will be required to optimized the thermal response and the magnitude of the R-value swing (from a difference between insulating and conducting insulating values of 4 to as high as a factor of 100). The potential for energy reduction by using the variable-conductance insulation in the building envelope is discussed, and other potential building applications are mentioned.

Potter, T.F. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Tuluca, A. [Winter (Steven) Associates, Inc., New York, NY (United States)

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Evaluation of a Multifamily Retrofit in Climate Zone 5, Boulder, Colorado (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Evaluation of a Multifamily Evaluation of a Multifamily Retrofit in Climate Zone 5 Boulder, Colorado PROJECT INFORMATION Project Name: Evaluation of a Low-Rise Multifamily Retrofit in Boulder, CO Location: Boulder, CO Consortium of Advanced Residential Buildings www.carb-swa.com Building Component: Building envelope, lighting, appliances, water conservation Application: Retrofit Years Tested: 2012 Applicable Climate Zone(s): Cold, very cold PERFORMANCE DATA Cost of Energy Efficiency Measure (including labor): $3,300-$6,100 per unit with total complex cost estimate of ~$150,000 Projected Energy Savings: 27%-41% depending on unit location/orientation Projected Energy Cost Savings: $154-$304 utility savings per year In 2009, a 37-unit apartment complex located in Boulder, Colorado, underwent

177

1999 CBECS Principal Building Activities  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Data Reports > 2003 Building Characteristics Overview Data Reports > 2003 Building Characteristics Overview A Look at Building Activities in the 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey, or CBECS, covers a wide variety of building types—office buildings, shopping malls, hospitals, churches, and fire stations, to name just a few. Some of these buildings might not traditionally be considered "commercial," but the CBECS includes all buildings that are not residential, agricultural, or industrial. For an overview of definitions and examples of the CBECS building types, see Description of Building Types. Compare Activities by... Number of Buildings Building size Employees Building Age Energy Conservation Number of Computers Electricity Generation Capability

178

Predicting Envelope Leakage in Attached Dwellings | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

of Energy Building America Technical Update meeting on April 29-30, 2013, in Denver, Colorado. predictingenvelopeleakagegriffiths.pdf More Documents & Publications Building...

179

HEEP CENTER Building # 1502  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 HEEP CENTER Building # 1502 EMERGENCY EVACUATION PLAN Prepared by: Harry Cralle and Mark Wright a building. Examples of such occasions include: smoke/fire, gas leak, bomb threat. Pre-planning and rehearsal are effective ways to ensure that building occupants recognize the evacuation alarm and know how to respond

Tomberlin, Jeff

180

Building Technologies Office: Windows, Skylights, and Doors Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Windows, Skylights, and Windows, Skylights, and Doors Research to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Windows, Skylights, and Doors Research on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Windows, Skylights, and Doors Research on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Windows, Skylights, and Doors Research on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Windows, Skylights, and Doors Research on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Windows, Skylights, and Doors Research on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Windows, Skylights, and Doors Research on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Building Technologies Office: Vacuum Insulation Panels Research Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vacuum Insulation Vacuum Insulation Panels Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Vacuum Insulation Panels Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Vacuum Insulation Panels Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Vacuum Insulation Panels Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Vacuum Insulation Panels Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Vacuum Insulation Panels Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Vacuum Insulation Panels Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research

182

Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Optimized Heat Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research

183

NREL: Buildings Research - Publications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Publications Publications NREL publishes a variety of documents related to its research, including technical reports, brochures, and presentations. Read the information below to find out how to find a publication about buildings research at NREL. Accessing Research Papers Buildings Technical Highlights Research Papers - Commercial Research Papers - Residential Accessing Buildings Research Documents Documents produced by NREL related to buildings technologies may be accessed online in several different ways. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Publications Database The NREL Publications Database covers building technology documents written or edited by NREL staff and subcontractors from 1977 to the present. The database includes technical reports as well as outreach publications such

184

Evaluation of Ventilation Strategies in New Construction Multifamily Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In multifamily buildings, particularly in the Northeast, exhaust ventilation strategies are the norm as a means of meeting both local exhaust and whole-unit mechanical ventilation rates. The issue of where the 'fresh' air is coming from is gaining significance as air-tightness standards for enclosures become more stringent, and the 'normal leakage paths through the building envelope' disappear. CARB researchers have found that the majority of high performance, new construction, multifamily housing in the Northeast use one of four general strategies for ventilation: continuous exhaust only with no designated supply or make-up air source, continuous exhaust with ducted make-up air to apartments, continuous exhaust with supply through a make-up air device integral to the unit HVAC, and continuous exhaust with supply through a passive inlet device, such as a trickle vent. Insufficient information is available to designers on how these various systems are best applied. Product performance data are based on laboratory tests, and the assumption is that products will perform similarly in the field. Proper application involves matching expected performance at expected building pressures, but there is no guarantee that those conditions will exist consistently in the finished building. This research effort, which included several weeks of building pressure monitoring, sought to provide field validation of system performance. The performance of four substantially different strategies for providing make-up air to apartments was evaluated.

Maxwell, S.; Berger, D.; Zuluaga, M.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Consumer access to utility billing envelopes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Billing envelope inserts are a medium of advertising used by utilities for a variety of purposes, from encouraging conservation to expressing political opinions. Recently, consumer groups have begun to assert a right of access to the same medium. A constitutional right of reply has been advocated. Commissions have found regulatory authority to direct companies to provide access on the basis of several different theories. At least two states have passed legislation permitting consumer groups to use bill inserts to solicit members and contributions. When examined, these developments reveal a trend of granting organizations access to utility billing envelopes.

Anglin, M.K.

1984-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

186

Buildings Energy Data Book  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

Building Type Definition Includes These Sub-Categories from 2003 CBECS Questionnaire Building Type Definition Includes These Sub-Categories from 2003 CBECS Questionnaire Education Buildings used for academic or technical classroom instruction, such as elementary, middle, or high schools, and classroom buildings on college or university campuses. Buildings on education campuses for which the main use is not classroom are included in the category relating to their use. For example, administration buildings are part of "Office", dormitories are "Lodging", and libraries are "Public Assembly". elementary or middle school high school college or university preschool or daycare adult education career or vocational training religious education Food Sales Buildings used for retail or wholesale of food. grocery store or food market

187

Building America Case Study: Evaluation of Ventilation Strategies in New Construction Multifamily Buildings, New York, New York (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In multifamily buildings, particularly in the Northeast, exhaust ventilation strategies are the norm as a means of meeting both local exhaust and whole-unit mechanical ventilation rates. The issue of where the 'fresh' air is coming from is gaining significance as air-tightness standards for enclosures become more stringent, and the 'normal leakage paths through the building envelope' disappear. CARB researchers have found that the majority of high performance, new construction, multifamily housing in the Northeast use one of four general strategies for ventilation: continuous exhaust only with no designated supply or make-up air source, continuous exhaust with ducted make-up air to apartments, continuous exhaust with supply through a make-up air device integral to the unit HVAC, and continuous exhaust with supply through a passive inlet device, such as a trickle vent. Insufficient information is available to designers on how these various systems are best applied. Product performance data are based on laboratory tests, and the assumption is that products will perform similarly in the field. Proper application involves matching expected performance at expected building pressures, but there is no guarantee that those conditions will exist consistently in the finished building. This research effort, which included several weeks of building pressure monitoring, sought to provide field validation of system performance. The performance of four substantially different strategies for providing make-up air to apartments was evaluated.

Not Available

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

NREL Develops Diagnostic Test Cases To Improve Building Energy Simulation Programs (Fact Sheet), Building America: Technical Highlight, Building Technologies Program (BTP)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Develops Develops Diagnostic Test Cases To Improve Building Energy Simulation Programs The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Residential and Commercial Buildings research groups developed a set of diagnostic test cases for building energy simulations. Eight test cases were developed to test surface conduction heat transfer algorithms of building envelopes in building energy simulation programs. These algorithms are used to predict energy flow through external opaque surfaces such as walls, ceilings, and floors. The test cases consist of analyti- cal and vetted numerical heat transfer solutions that have been available for decades, which increases confidence in test results. NREL researchers adapted these solutions for comparisons with building energy simulation results.

189

Pitfalls in Building and HVAC Audits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of an energy audit is to identify and analyze areas of energy consumption and to propose methods of conservation. In the process of completing an audit the following areas of consumption should be considered: 0 Building Envelope 0 Air...

Gidwani, B. N.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Buildings","Building Size"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

A5. Building Size, Number of Buildings for All Buildings (Including Malls), 2003" A5. Building Size, Number of Buildings for All Buildings (Including Malls), 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings","Building Size" ,,"1,001 to 5,000 Square Feet","5,001 to 10,000 Square Feet","10,000 to 25,000 Square Feet","25,001 to 50,000 Square Feet","50,001 to 100,000 Square Feet","100,001 to 200,000 Square Feet","200,001 to 500,000 Square Feet","Over 500,000 Square Feet" "All Buildings ................",4859,2586,948,810,261,147,74,26,8 "Principal Building Activity" "Education ....................",386,162,56,60,48,39,16,5,"Q" "Food Sales ...................",226,164,44,"Q","Q","Q","Q","N","N"

191

Benchmarking Building Performance & the Australian Building Greenhouse  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Benchmarking Building Performance & the Australian Building Greenhouse Benchmarking Building Performance & the Australian Building Greenhouse Rating Scheme Speaker(s): Paul Bannister Date: August 21, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Stephen Selkowitz (Two topics): Benchmarking Building Performance: In a variety of voluntary and regulatory initiatives around the globe, including the introduction of the European Building Performance Directive, the question of how to assess the performance of commercial buildings has become a critical issue. There are presently a number of initiatives for the assessment of actual building performance internationally, including in particular US Energy Star Buildings rating tools and the Australian Building Greenhouse Rating scheme. These schemes seek to assess building energy performance on the

192

90.1 Prototype Building Models Outpatient Healthcare | Building Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Outpatient Healthcare Outpatient Healthcare The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

193

Commercial Prototype Building Models | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Prototype Building Models Prototype Building Models The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) supports the development of commercial building energy codes and standards by participating in review processes and providing analyses that are available for public review and use. To calculate the impact of ASHRAE Standard 90.1, researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) created a suite of 16 prototype buildings covering 80% of the commercial building floor area in the United States for new construction, including both commercial buildings and mid- to high-rise buildings. These prototype buildings-derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models-cover all the reference building types except supermarkets, and also add a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings. As ASHRAE Standard 90.1

194

Power functions and envelopes for unit root tests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper studies power functions and envelopes for covariate augmented unit root tests. The power functions are calculated by integrating the characteristic function, allowing accurate evaluation of the power envelope ...

Juhl, Ted P.; Xiao, Z. J.

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Chapter 3: Building Siting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

: Building Siting : Building Siting Site Issues at LANL Site Inventory and Analysis Site Design Transportation and Parking LANL | Chapter 3 Site Issues at LANL Definitions and related documents Building Siting Laboratory site-wide issues include transportation and travel distances for building occupants, impacts on wildlife corridors and hydrology, and energy supply and distribution limitations. Decisions made during site selec- tion and planning impact the surrounding natural habitat, architectural design integration, building energy con- sumption, occupant comfort, and occupant productivity. Significant opportunities for creating greener facilities arise during the site selection and site planning stages of design. Because LANL development zones are pre- determined, identify the various factors affecting devel-

196

NREL: Buildings Research - Facilities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Facilities Facilities NREL provides industry, government, and university researchers with access to state-of-the-art and unique equipment for analyzing a wide spectrum of building energy efficiency technologies and innovations. NREL engineers and researchers work closely with industry partners to research and develop advanced technologies. NREL's existing facilities have been used to test and develop many award-winning building technologies and innovations that deliver significant energy savings in buildings, and the new facilities further extend those capabilities. In addition, the NREL campus includes living laboratories, buildings that researchers and other NREL staff use every day. Researchers monitor real-time building performance data in these facilities to study energy use

197

A Class Of Generalized Kapchinskij-Vladimirskij Solutions And Associated Envelope Equations For High-intensity Charged Particle Beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A class of generalized Kapchinskij-Vladimirskij solutions of the nonlinear Vlasov-Maxwell equations and the associated envelope equations for high-intensity beams in a periodic lattice is derived. It includes the classical Kapchinskij-Vladimirskij solution as a special case. For a given lattice, the distribution functions and the envelope equations are specified by eight free parameters. The class of solutions derived captures a wider range of dynamical envelope behavior for high-intensity beams, and thus provides a new theoretical tool to investigate the dynamics of high-intensity beams.

Hong Qin and Ronald C. Davidson

2012-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

198

Case Study of Envelope Sealing in Existing Multiunit Structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Envelope air sealing was included in the retrofit of a 244 unit low-rise multifamily housing complex in Durham, N.C. Pre- and post-retrofit enclosure leakage tests were conducted on 51 units and detailed diagnostics were performed on 16. On average, total leakage was reduced by nearly half, from 19.7 ACH50 to 9.4 ACH50. Costs for air sealing were $0.31 per square foot of conditioned floor area, lower than estimates found in the National Residential Efficiency Measures Database (NREMD) and other sources, perhaps due in part to the large-scale production nature of the project. Modeling with BEopt software -- using an estimate of 85% of the envelope air leakage going to the outside (based on guarded tests performed at the site) -- calculated a space conditioning energy cost savings of 15% to 21% due to the air sealing retrofit. Important air leakage locations identified included plumbing and electrical penetrations, dropped ceilings/soffits, windows, ducts and wall-to-floor intersections. Previous repair activity had created significant leakage locations as well. Specifications and a pictorial guide were developed for contractors performing the work.

Dentz, J.; Conlin, F.; Podorson, D.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Around Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Around Buildings W h y startw i t h buildings and w o r k o u t wa r d ? For one, buildings are difficult t o a v o i d these

Treib, Marc

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

BUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'S BUILDING PHYSICS BUILDING BAXTER'S LODGE INSTITUTE BUILDING CONSERVATION WORKS R.D.WATT BUILDING MACLEAYBUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING PHARMACY AND BANK BUILDING JOHN WOOLEY BUILDING OLD TEARCHER BUILDING THE QUARANGLE BADHAM BUILDING J.D. STEWART BUILDING BLACKBURN BUILDING MADSEN BUILDING STORE

Viglas, Anastasios

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Education Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Education Education Characteristics by Activity... Education Education buildings are buildings used for academic or technical classroom instruction, such as elementary, middle, or high schools, and classroom buildings on college or university campuses. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Education Buildings... Seventy percent of education buildings were part of a multibuilding campus. Education buildings in the South and West were smaller, on average, than those in the Northeast and Midwest. Almost two-thirds of education buildings were government owned, and of these, over three-fourths were owned by a local government. Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics

202

Lodging Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

buildings. Since they comprised 7 percent of commercial floorspace, this means that their energy intensity was slightly above average. Lodging buildings were one of the few...

203

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Building Performance Compass  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building Performance Compass Building Performance Compass Building Performance Compass logo Building Performance Compass analyzes commercial and multi-family building energy use patterns in a simple, easy-to-use Web-based interface. Using building details and energy data from the building’s utility bills, it is unique in its ability to benchmark and compare all buildings, whether residential or commercial. Recent enhancements to Building Performance Compass include new multi-family support, the ability to track non-energy quantities such as water and waste, and features such as its fast-feedback report, which enables reporting energy savings as early as one month after work is completed. Building Performance Compass also provides extensive tracking of building data and usage, as well as the ability to upload and track

204

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Building Size and Year  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Lighting and Building Size and Year Constructed Lighting and Building Size and Year Constructed Building Size Smaller commercial buildings are much more numerous than larger commercial buildings, but comprise less total floorspace-the 1,001 to 5,000 square feet category includes more than half of total buildings, but just 11 percent of total floorspace. In contrast, just 5 percent of buildings are larger than 50,000 square feet, but they account for half of total floorspace. Lighting consumes 38 percent of total site electricity. Larger buildings consume relatively more electricity for lighting than smaller buildings. Nearly half (47%) of electricity is consumed by lighting in the largest buildings (larger than 500,000 square feet). In the smallest buildings (1,001 to 5,000 square feet), one-fourth of electricity goes to lighting

205

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Delphin  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Delphin Delphin Delphin logo Delphin is a comprehensive numerical simulation tool for the combined heat, moisture, and matter (e.g. salt) transport in porous building materials. It is mostly applied to calculate transient processes in building envelopes and construction details, and predict condensation problems and durability risks in general. Screen Shots Keywords Coupled heat, air and moisture transport, porous materials, building envelope Validation/Testing The software was tested according to HAMSTAD Benchmarks 1 to 5, EN 15026:2007. The software is also validated to conform with both two-dimensional cases of ISO 10211:2007, Annex A. The testcases are available on http://www.bauklimatik-dresden.de/delphin/benchmarks/en-10211_2007.php The parameterization and transport models are also tested against

206

Better Buildings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Better Buildings Better Buildings Better Buildings Last year, commercial and industrial buildings used roughly 50% of the energy in the U.S. economy at a cost of over $400 billion. These buildings and operations can be made much more efficient using a variety of cost effective efficiency improvements while creating jobs and building a stronger economy. We have similar opportunities in our homes. In February 2011, President Obama, building upon the investments of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, announced the Better Buildings Initiative to make commercial and industrial buildings 20% more energy efficient over the next 10 years and accelerate private sector investment in energy efficiency. Better Buildings strategies include: Last year, commercial and industrial buildings used roughly 50% of the

207

Application of Infrared Thermography in Building Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Building Commissioning for Energy Efficiency and Comfort, Vol. VI-5-3 Application of Infrared Thermography in Building Energy Efficiency Yongzheng Shi Hongbing Chen Qi Xu Deying Li Zhonghua Wang Xiumu Fang...]. Infrared Technology,2002,01:34-37.(In Chinese) [6] Yangyang Wang. Research on surface temperature of building envelope measured by thermal infrared imager [J]. Hv & Ac, 2006, 02:84-88.(In Chinese) ...

Shi, Y.; Chen, H.; Xu, Q.; I, D.; Wang, Z.; Fang, X.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

A detailed loads comparison of three building energy modeling programs:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

detailed loads comparison of three building energy modeling programs: detailed loads comparison of three building energy modeling programs: EnergyPlus, DeST and DOE-2.1E Title A detailed loads comparison of three building energy modeling programs: EnergyPlus, DeST and DOE-2.1E Publication Type Journal Year of Publication 2013 Authors Zhu, Dandan, Tianzhen Hong, Da Yan, and Chuang Wang Date Published 05/2013 Keywords building energy modeling program, building thermal loads, comparison, dest, DOE-2.1E, energyplus Abstract Building energy simulation is widely used to help design energy efficient building envelopes and HVAC systems, develop and demonstrate compliance of building energy codes, and implement building energy rating programs. However, large discrepancies exist between simulation results from different building energy modeling programs (BEMPs). This leads many users and stakeholders

209

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy Working with industry representatives and partners is critical to achieving significant improvements in the energy efficiency of new and existing commercial buildings. Here you will learn more about the government-industry partnerships that move us toward that goal. Key alliances and partnerships include: Photo of downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, a municipal Better Buildings Challenge partner, at dusk. Credit: iStockphoto Better Buildings Challenge This national leadership initiative calls on corporate officers, university presidents, and local leaders to progess towards the goal of making American buildings 20 percent more energy-efficient by 2020. Photo of Jim McClendon of Walmart speaking during the CBEA Executive Exchange with Commercial Building Stakeholders forum at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado, on May 24, 2012.

210

Web-Based Method to Generate Specific Energy Consumption Data for the Evaluation and Optimization of Building Operation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5 University Karlsruhe (TH) - Department of Architecture Building Physics and Technical Building Services 0100200300400500600700800 ABCDEFGHI detailed analysis ACEGI benchmarkingand selection 0100200300400500600700800 12345678910 optimisation... consumption of electricity and heat arith. mean limit for heating energy demand: 95 kWh/m?y * for buildings with an average building compactness of 0,95 [building envelope/volume] * according to the German building code of 1995 University Karlsruhe (TH...

Wagner, A.; Wambsgan, M.; Froehlich, S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Chapter 9: Commissioning the Building  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

: : Commissioning the Building Commissioning Process Overview Commissioning Activities and Documentation LANL | Chapter 9 Commissioning the Building Commissioning Process Overview Commissioning is a process - a systematic process of ensuring that a building performs in accordance with the design intent, contract documents, and the owner's operational needs. Commissioning is fundamental to the success of the whole-building design process. Due to the sophistication of building designs and the com- plexity of building systems constructed today, commis- sioning is necessary, but not automatically included as part of the typical design and contracting process. Commissioning is critical for ensuring that the building design is successfully constructed and operated.

212

Technical support document for proposed revision of the model energy code thermal envelope requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the development of the proposed revision of the council of American Building Officials' (CABO) 1993 supplement to the 1992 Model Energy Code (MEC) (referred to as the 1993 MEC) building thermal envelope requirements for single-family and low-rise multifamily residences. The goal of this analysis was to develop revised guidelines based on an objective methodology that determined the most cost-effective (least total life-cycle cost [LCC]) combination of energy conservation measures (ECMs) for residences in different locations. The ECMs with the lowest LCC were used as a basis for proposing revised MEC maximum U[sub o]-value (thermal transmittance) curves in the MEC format. The changes proposed here affect the requirements for group R'' residences. The group R residences are detached one- and two-family dwellings (referred to as single-family) and all other residential buildings three stories or less (referred to as multifamily).

Conner, C.C.; Lucas, R.G.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Technical support document for proposed revision of the model energy code thermal envelope requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the development of the proposed revision of the council of American Building Officials` (CABO) 1993 supplement to the 1992 Model Energy Code (MEC) (referred to as the 1993 MEC) building thermal envelope requirements for single-family and low-rise multifamily residences. The goal of this analysis was to develop revised guidelines based on an objective methodology that determined the most cost-effective (least total life-cycle cost [LCC]) combination of energy conservation measures (ECMs) for residences in different locations. The ECMs with the lowest LCC were used as a basis for proposing revised MEC maximum U{sub o}-value (thermal transmittance) curves in the MEC format. The changes proposed here affect the requirements for ``group R`` residences. The group R residences are detached one- and two-family dwellings (referred to as single-family) and all other residential buildings three stories or less (referred to as multifamily).

Conner, C.C.; Lucas, R.G.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Validation and Application of the Room Model of the Modelica Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Validation and Application of the Room Model of the Modelica Buildings Validation and Application of the Room Model of the Modelica Buildings Library Title Validation and Application of the Room Model of the Modelica Buildings Library Publication Type Conference Proceedings LBNL Report Number LBNL-5932E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Nouidui, Thierry Stephane, Kaustubh Phalak, Wangda Zuo, and Michael Wetter Conference Name Proc. of the 9th International Modelica Conference Date Published 09/2012 Conference Location Munich, Germany Abstract The Modelica Buildings library contains a package with a model for a thermal zone that computes heat transfer through the building envelope and within a room. It considers various heat transfer phenomena of a room, including conduction, convection, short-wave and long-wave radiation. The first part of this paper describes the physical phenomena considered in the room model. The second part validates the room model by using a standard test suite provided by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). The third part focuses on an application where the room model is used for simulation-based controls of a window shading device to reduce building energy consumption.

215

BUILDING INSPECTION Building, Infrastructure, Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sacramento, Ca 95814-5514 Re: Green Building Ordinance and the Building Energy Efficiency Standards Per and lower energy usage was reviewed. This factor is contained in the adopted Green Building Code Section 9 for the May 5, 2010 California Energy Commission business meeting. Thank you. John LaTorra Building Inspection

216

Service Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Service Service Characteristics by Activity... Service Service buildings are those in which some type of service is provided, other than food service or retail sales of goods. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Service Buildings... Most service buildings were small, with almost ninety percent between 1,001 and 10,000 square feet. Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics Number of Service Buildings by Predominant Building Size Category Figure showing number of service buildings by size. If you need assistance viewing this page, please contact 202-586-8800. Equipment Table: Buildings, Size, and Age Data by Equipment Types Predominant Heating Equipment Types in Service Buildings

217

Large-scale experimental wind-driven rain exposure investigations of building integrated photovoltaics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Building integrated photovoltaics (BIPVs) are photovoltaic materials that replace conventional building materials in parts of the building envelopes, such as roofs or facades, i.e. the BIPV system serves dual purposes, as both a building envelope material and a power generator. Hence, it is important to focus on the building envelope properties of a BIPV system in addition to energy generation performance when conducting experimental investigations of BIPVs. The aim of this work was to illustrate challenges linked to the building envelope properties of a BIPV system, and to develop and evaluate relevant methods for testing the building envelope properties of BIPV systems. A sample roof area with two BIPV modules was built and tested in a turnable box for rain and wind tightness testing of sloping building surfaces with the aim of investigating the rain tightness of the BIPV system, and observing how it withstood wind-driven rain at large-scale conditions. The BIPV sample roof went through testing with run-off water and wind-driven rain with incremental pulsating positive differential pressure over the sample at two different inclinations. The BIPV sample roof was during testing constantly visually monitored, and various leakage points were detected. In order to prevent such water penetration, the steel fittings surrounding the BIPV modules should ideally be better adapted to the BIPV modules and constricted to some extent. It is however important to maintain a sufficient ventilation rate simultaneously.

Christer Breivik; Bjrn Petter Jelle; Berit Time; ystein Holmberget; John Nygrd; Einar Bergheim; Arvid Dalehaug

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Supermarket  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

219

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Warehouse  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

220

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Midrise Apartment  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Primary school  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

222

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Small office  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

223

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large office  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

224

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Small Hotel  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

225

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Secondary school  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

226

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

227

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Strip mall  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

228

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Hospital  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

229

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Medium office  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

230

Buildings Energy Data Book  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

Current and Past EditionsGlossaryPopular TablesQuery Tools Contact Us Current and Past EditionsGlossaryPopular TablesQuery Tools Contact Us Search What Is the Buildings Energy Data Book? The Data Book includes statistics on residential and commercial building energy consumption. Data tables contain statistics related to construction, building technologies, energy consumption, and building characteristics. The Building Technologies Program within the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy developed this resource to provide a current and accurate set of comprehensive buildings- and energy-related data. The Data Book is an evolving document and is updated periodically. Each data table is presented in HTML, Microsoft Excel, and PDF formats. Download Excel Viewer Download Adobe Reader

231

The Structure of the Circumstellar Envelope of SN 1987A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The volume around the SN 1987A contains a variety of structures, not just the three rings glowing in recombination lines. Many of these are revealed by light echoes, so are mapped in three dimensions by our optical imaging of the SN environs. The rings reside in a bipolar nebula containing them at its waist and crowns, and which is itself contained in a larger, diffuse nebula with a detectable equatorial overdensity. This diffuse nebula terminates in a denser wall which likely marks the inner edge of a bubble blown by the progenitor's main sequence wind. Along with mapping these structures, we measure spectroscopically the velocity of the gas, revealing, for instance, kinematic ages for the inner and outer rings in close agreement with each other. The presence of these structures, their ages and morphologies must be included in models explaining the evolution of the progenitor star and its mass loss envelope.

Arlin P. S. Crotts

1999-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

232

Buildings*","Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8. Primary Space-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" 8. Primary Space-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings*","Buildings with Space Heating","Primary Space-Heating Energy Source Used a" ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat" "All Buildings* ...............",4645,3982,1258,1999,282,63 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2552,2100,699,955,171,"Q" "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",889,782,233,409,58,"Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",738,659,211,372,32,"Q" "25,001 to 50,000 .............",241,225,63,140,8,9

233

Buildings*","Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6. Space Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" 6. Space Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings*","Buildings with Space Heating","Space-Heating Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Elec- tricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","Propane","Other a" "All Buildings* ...............",4645,3982,1766,2165,360,65,372,113 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2552,2100,888,1013,196,"Q",243,72 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",889,782,349,450,86,"Q",72,"Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",738,659,311,409,46,18,38,"Q"

234

Buildings*","Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" 1. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings*","Buildings with Water Heating","Water-Heating Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Elec- tricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","Propane" "All Buildings* ...............",4645,3472,1910,1445,94,27,128 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2552,1715,1020,617,41,"N",66 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",889,725,386,307,"Q","Q",27 "10,001 to 25,000 .............",738,607,301,285,16,"Q",27

235

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: DOE Sponsored Tools  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DOE Sponsored Tools DOE Sponsored Tools The Department of Energy sponsors continued development of a variety of building energy software tools. See the following for more information about software tools now under development: Whole-Building Energy Performance Simulation EnergyPlus A new-generation building energy simulation program from the creators of BLAST and DOE-2. DOE-2 An hourly, whole-building energy analysis program which calculates energy performance and life-cycle cost of operation. The current version is DOE-2.1E. Building Design Advisor Provides building decision-makers with the energy-related information they need beginning in the initial, schematic phases of building design through the detailed specification of building components and systems. SPARK Models complex building envelopes and mechanical systems that are beyond

236

Precision envelope detector and linear rectifier circuitry  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a method and apparatus for the precise linear rectification and envelope detection of oscillatory signals. The signal is applied to a voltage-to-current converter which supplies current to a constant current sink. The connection between the converter and the sink is also applied through a diode and an output load resistor to a ground connection. The connection is also connected to ground through a second diode of opposite polarity from the diode in series with the load resistor. Very small amplitude voltage signals applied to the converter will cause a small change in the output current of the converter, and the difference between the output current and the constant current sink will be applied either directly to ground through the single diode, or across the output load resistor, dependent upon the polarity. Disclosed also is a full-wave rectifier utilizing constant current sinks and voltage-to-current converters. Additionally, disclosed is a combination of the voltage-to-current converters with differential integrated circuit preamplifiers to boost the initial signal amplitude, and with low pass filtering applied so as to obtain a video or signal envelope output.

Davis, Thomas J. (Richland, WA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Sustainable Buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The construction and real estate sectors are in a state of change: ... operated differently, i.e. more sustainably. Sustainable building means to build intelligently: the focus ... comprehensive quality concept t...

Christine Lemaitre

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Building technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After growing up on construction sites, Roderick Jackson is now helping to make buildings nationwide far more energy efficient.

Jackson, Roderick

2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

239

Building technologies  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

After growing up on construction sites, Roderick Jackson is now helping to make buildings nationwide far more energy efficient.

Jackson, Roderick

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

240

Building Technologies Office: Building America Solution Center  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Solution Center Solution Center World-Class Research At Your Fingertips The Building America Solution Center provides residential building professionals with access to expert information on hundreds of high-performance design and construction topics, including air sealing and insulation, HVAC components, windows, indoor air quality, and much more. Explore the Building America Solution Center. The user-friendly interface delivers a variety of resources for each topic, including: Contracting documents and specifications Installation guidance Energy codes and labeling program compliance CAD drawings "Right and wrong" photographs Training videos Climate-specific case studies Technical reports. Users can access content in several ways, including the ENERGY STAR® checklists, alphabetical lists, a house diagram with selectable components, and an information map. Logged-in users can quickly save any of these elements into their personal Field Kit.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Buildings","Building Size"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

A6. Building Size, Floorspace for All Buildings (Including Malls), 2003" A6. Building Size, Floorspace for All Buildings (Including Malls), 2003" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","Building Size" ,,"1,001 to 5,000 Square Feet","5,001 to 10,000 Square Feet","10,000 to 25,000 Square Feet","25,001 to 50,000 Square Feet","50,001 to 100,000 Square Feet","100,001 to 200,000 Square Feet","200,001 to 500,000 Square Feet","Over 500,000 Square Feet" "All Buildings ................",71658,6922,7033,12659,9382,10291,10217,7494,7660 "Principal Building Activity" "Education ....................",9874,409,399,931,1756,2690,2167,1420,"Q" "Food Sales ...................",1255,409,356,"Q","Q","Q","Q","N","N"

242

Building Technologies Office: 179D DOE Calculator  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

179D DOE Calculator 179D DOE Calculator EERE » Building Technologies Office » 179D DOE Calculator Printable Version Bookmark and Share What is the 179D federal tax deduction? Section 179D of the Federal Tax Code provides a tax deduction for energy efficiency improvements to commercial buildings. A building may qualify for a tax deduction under Section 179D not to exceed $1.80/ft² for whole building performance or $0.60/ft² for a partially qualifying property for envelope, heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC), or lighting improvements. In addition, a building may qualify with a reduced installed lighting power under the interim lighting rule. Energy simulations are required to show compliance with the energy and power cost savings requirements. View more detailed information.

243

Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Challenge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Challenge Challenge Photo of the Atlanta skyline on a sunny day, including the gold dome of the state capitol. The City of Atlanta has committed 16 million square feet of public and private space to substantive upgrades as part of the Better Buildings Challenge. Credit: iStockphoto The Better Buildings Challenge is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Better Buildings Initiative, which aims to make U.S. commercial and industrial buildings at least 20% more efficient during the next decade. To achieve this aggressive target, DOE is working with public and private sector partners that commit to being leaders in energy efficiency. These partners will implement energy savings practices that improve energy efficiency and save money, and will showcase effective strategies and the results of their efforts.

244

Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Building Residential Building Activities to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Challenge Home Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals

245

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Search Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Search Search Help Better Buildings Neighborhood Program HOME ABOUT BETTER BUILDINGS PARTNERS INNOVATIONS RUN A PROGRAM TOOLS & RESOURCES NEWS EERE » Building Technologies Office » Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program on Delicious

246

Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building Energy Codes Building Energy Codes Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on AddThis.com... Popular Links Success Stories Previous Next Lighten Energy Loads with System Design. Warming Up to Pump Heat.

247

Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building America Building America Meetings to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance Solution Center Partnerships Meetings Publications Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR

248

Building America Building Science Education Roadmap | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building Science Education Roadmap Building America Building Science Education Roadmap This roadmap outlines steps that U.S. Department of Energy Building America program must take...

249

Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building Energy Building Energy Optimization Software to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance

250

Buildings Blog  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

blog Office of Energy Efficiency & blog Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 en EnergyPlus Boosts Building Efficiency with Help from Autodesk http://energy.gov/eere/articles/energyplus-boosts-building-efficiency-help-autodesk building-efficiency-help-autodesk" class="title-link">EnergyPlus Boosts Building Efficiency with Help from Autodesk

251

Building Science  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Science Science The "Enclosure" Joseph Lstiburek, Ph.D., P.Eng, ASHRAE Fellow www.buildingscience.com * Control heat flow * Control airflow * Control water vapor flow * Control rain * Control ground water * Control light and solar radiation * Control noise and vibrations * Control contaminants, environmental hazards and odors * Control insects, rodents and vermin * Control fire * Provide strength and rigidity * Be durable * Be aesthetically pleasing * Be economical Building Science Corporation Joseph Lstiburek 2 Water Control Layer Air Control Layer Vapor Control Layer Thermal Control Layer Building Science Corporation Joseph Lstiburek 3 Building Science Corporation Joseph Lstiburek 4 Building Science Corporation Joseph Lstiburek 5 Building Science Corporation

252

Building Name BuildingAbbr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capture/InstrCam ClassroomCapture/TechAsst SkypeWebcam NOTES for R&R Only Room Detail Building Times Weekend and Evening BldgBuilding Name BuildingAbbr RoomNumber SeatCount DepartmentalPriority SpecialNeedsSeating Special Detail Building Contacts Event Scheduling Detail BI 02010 104 NR Y 52 61 81 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 94

Parker, Matthew D. Brown

253

building demand | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

demand demand Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (9 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (7 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

254

building load | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

load load Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (9 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (7 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

255

Benefits of Sustainable Building Design  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The application of sustainable building design not only helps Federal facilities meet laws and regulations, it also provides them with many other benefits. These benefits include:

256

Envelope/phase delays correction in an EER radio architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Envelope/phase delays correction in an EER radio architecture Jean-François BERCHER and Corinne -- In this paper we consider the sensitivity of a transmitter based on EER radio architecture to time mismatches the interest of this approach. I. INTRODUCTION Envelope Elimination and restoration (EER) was developed by Kahn

Bercher, Jean-François

257

Envelope of Fracture Density Dragana Todorovic-Marinic*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Envelope of Fracture Density Dragana Todorovic-Marinic* Veritas DGC Ltd., Calgary, Alberta, Canada that interpretation of fractures can be improved by using the envelope of the fracture density. It has been shown that open, fluid (or gas) filled fractures can be identified through the use of the AVAZ method (Gray et. al

Santos, Juan

258

Commercial Reference Building: Warehouse | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Warehouse Warehouse Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Warehouse for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for three categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

259

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Reference Commercial Reference Buildings to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Buildings Performance Database Data Centers Energy Asset Score

260

Development of an Object-Oriented Building Physics Library and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Development of an Object-Oriented Building Physics Library and Development of an Object-Oriented Building Physics Library and Investigation and Optimization of Hygrothermal and Hygienic Comfort in Rooms Speaker(s): Thierry Nouidui Date: October 14, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 The development of ventilation strategies for moisture problems, the reduction of the heating and cooling demands, the guarantee of hygrothermal and hygienic comfort in building constructions as well as the performance and the durability of building components are questions which are related to the strong interactions between the climate conditions, the building use and the building envelope. These questions can be answered with the help of efficient building simulation tools before building construction or retrofit. Until now, models which used the generic concepts of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Buildings Performance Metrics Terminology  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy's Commercial Building Initiative Page 1 Energy's Commercial Building Initiative Page 1 January 2009 Buildings Performance Metrics Terminology To clarify how the terms are used in the Department of Energy's Performance Metrics Research Project, a list of terms related to performance metrics are defined and include examples and comments. Visit www.commercialbuildings.energy.gov/performance_metrics.html to learn more. Baseline - a standard reference case used as a basis for comparison Examples: a simulation model of an ASHRAE 90.1 compliant building, control building, measurement of energy consumption prior to application of an energy conservation measure Comments: Establishing a clearly defined baseline very important and is often the most difficult task. Defining a repeatable baseline is essential if the work is to be compared to results of other

262

Buildings Energy Data Book  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

8.1 Buildings Sector Water Consumption 8.1 Buildings Sector Water Consumption 8.2 Residential Sector Water Consumption 8.3 Commercial Sector Water Consumption 8.4 WaterSense 8.5 Federal Government Water Usage 9Market Transformation Glossary Acronyms and Initialisms Technology Descriptions Building Descriptions Other Data Books Biomass Energy Transportation Energy Power Technologies Hydrogen Download the Entire Book Skip down to the tables This chapter includes data on water use in commercial and residential buildings and the energy needed to supply that water. The main points from this chapter are summarized below: In 2005, water use in the buildings sector was estimated at 39.6 billion gallons per day, which is nearly 10% of total water use in the United States. From 1985 to 2005, water use in the residential sector closely tracked population growth, while water use in the commercial sector grew almost twice as fast.

263

Wall Design Redundancy for Improving the Moisture Performance of Building Cladding Systems in Hot-Humid Climates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the NAHB Research Center. Instead, these inspections were performed with field observations and photographic recordings. Review of the Literature An extensive review of the literature on moisture problems in building envelopes was also conducted... by the NAHB Research Center. Instead, these inspections were performed with field observations and photographic recordings. Review of the Literature An extensive review of the literature on moisture problems in building envelopes was also conducted...

Graham, C. W.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Buildings Database  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy EERE Home | Programs & Offices | Consumer Information Buildings Database Welcome Guest Log In | Register | Contact Us Home About All Projects...

265

Office Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Since they comprised 18 percent of commercial floorspace, this means that their total energy intensity was just slightly above average. Office buildings predominantly used...

266

Building America Best Practices Series, Volume 10: Retrofit Techniques and Technologies: Air Sealing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report was prepared by PNNL for the U.S. Department of Energy Building America Program. The report provides information to home owners who want to make their existing homes more energy efficient by sealing leaks in the building envelope (ceiling, walls, and floors) that let in drafts and let conditioned air escape. The report provides descriptions of 19 key areas of the home where air sealing can improve home performance and energy efficiency. The report includes suggestions on how to find a qualified weatherization or home performance contractor, what to expect in a home energy audit, opportune times for performing air sealing, and what safety and health concerns to be aware of. The report describes some basic building science concepts and topics related to air sealing including ventilation, diagnostic tools, and code requirements. The report will be available for free download from the DOE Building America website. It is a suitable consumer education tool for home performance and weatherization contractors to share with customers to describe the process and value of home energy retrofits.

Baechler, Michael C.; Gilbride, Theresa L.; Hefty, Marye G.; Cole, Pamala C.; Williamson, Jennifer L.; Love, Pat M.

2010-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

267

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Better Better Buildings Partners to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on AddThis.com... Better Buildings Residential Network Progress Stories Interviews Videos Events Quick Links to Partner Information AL | AZ | CA | CO | CT FL | GA | IL | IN | LA ME | MD | MA | MI | MO NE | NV | NH | NJ | NY

268

Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Laboratories National Laboratories Supporting Building America to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America

269

Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Integrated Building Integrated Building Management System Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE

270

MAGNETIZATION OF CLOUD CORES AND ENVELOPES AND OTHER OBSERVATIONAL CONSEQUENCES OF RECONNECTION DIFFUSION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent observational results for magnetic fields in molecular clouds reviewed by Crutcher seem to be inconsistent with the predictions of the ambipolar diffusion theory of star formation. These include the measured decrease in mass to flux ratio between envelopes and cores, the failure to detect any self-gravitating magnetically subcritical clouds, the determination of the flat probability distribution function (PDF) of the total magnetic field strengths implying that there are many clouds with very weak magnetic fields, and the observed scaling B{proportional_to}{rho}{sup 2/3} that implies gravitational contraction with weak magnetic fields. We consider the problem of magnetic field evolution in turbulent molecular clouds and discuss the process of magnetic field diffusion mediated by magnetic reconnection. For this process that we termed 'reconnection diffusion', we provide a simple physical model and explain that this process is inevitable in view of the present-day understanding of MHD turbulence. We address the issue of the expected magnetization of cores and envelopes in the process of star formation and show that reconnection diffusion provides an efficient removal of magnetic flux that depends only on the properties of MHD turbulence in the core and the envelope. We show that as the amplitude of turbulence as well as the scale of turbulent motions decrease from the envelope to the core of the cloud, the diffusion of the magnetic field is faster in the envelope. As a result, the magnetic flux trapped during the collapse in the envelope is being released faster than the flux trapped in the core, resulting in much weaker fields in envelopes than in cores, as observed. We provide simple semi-analytical model calculations which support this conclusion and qualitatively agree with the observational results. Magnetic reconnection is also consistent with the lack of subcritical self-gravitating clouds, with the observed flat PDF of field strengths, and with the scaling of field strength with density. In addition, we demonstrate that the reconnection diffusion process can account for the empirical Larson relations and list a few other implications of the reconnection diffusion concept. We argue that magnetic reconnection provides a solution to the magnetic flux problem of star formation that agrees better with observations than the long-standing ambipolar diffusion paradigm. Due to the illustrative nature of our simplified model we do not seek quantitative agreement, but discuss the complementary nature of our approach to the three-dimensional MHD numerical simulations.

Lazarian, A. [Astronomy Department, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Esquivel, A. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-543, 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Crutcher, R. [Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1002 W. Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Commercial Reference Building: Hospital | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

09 09 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278309 Varnish cache server Commercial Reference Building: Hospital Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Hospital for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

272

Building America Case Study: Ground Source Heat Pump Research, TaC Studios Residence, Atlanta, Georigia (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the NAHB Research Center Industry Partnership, Southface partnered with TaC Studios, an Atlanta based architecture firm specializing in residential and light commercial design, on the construction of a new test home in Atlanta, GA in the mixed-humid climate. This home serves as a residence and home office for the firm's owners, as well as a demonstration of their design approach to potential and current clients. Southface believes the home demonstrates current best practices for the mixed-humid climate, including a building envelope featuring advanced air sealing details and low density spray foam insulation, glazing that exceeds ENERGY STAR requirements, and a high performance heating and cooling system. Construction quality and execution was a high priority for TaC Studios and was ensured by a third party review process. Post construction testing showed that the project met stated goals for envelope performance, an air infiltration rate of 2.15 ACH50. The homeowner's wished to further validate whole house energy savings through the project's involvement with Building America and this long-term monitoring effort. As a Building America test home, this home was evaluated to detail whole house energy use, end use loads, and the efficiency and operation of the ground source heat pump and associated systems. Given that the home includes many non-typical end use loads including a home office, pool, landscape water feature, and other luxury features not accounted for in Building America modeling tools, these end uses were separately monitored to determine their impact on overall energy consumption.

Not Available

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENVELOPE COMPONENT APPROACH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

panels and building integrated solar thermal panels are exempted solar relectance and thermal emittance are exempted solar relectance and thermal emittance or SRI that have a U- factor of 0.039 or lower. See Opaque are exempted solar relectance and thermal emittance or SRI that have a U- factor of 0.048 or lower. See Opaque

274

Farm Buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... is intended to guide the American farmer and agricultural student in designing and constructing farm buildings. It is stated that farm ... . It is stated that farm buildings have had their most rapid development in America in the years since 1910. Prior ...

1923-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

275

Residential Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residential Residential Residential Buildings Residential buildings-such as single family homes, townhomes, condominiums, and apartment buildings-are all covered by the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS). See the RECS home page for further information. However, buildings that offer multiple accomodations such as hotels, motels, inns, dormitories, fraternities, sororities, convents, monasteries, and nursing homes, residential care facilities are considered commercial buildings and are categorized in the CBECS as lodging. Specific questions may be directed to: Joelle Michaels joelle.michaels@eia.doe.gov CBECS Manager Release date: January 21, 2003 Page last modified: May 5, 2009 10:18 AM http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/archive/cbecs/pba99/residential.html

276

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Better Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on AddThis.com...

277

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Building Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial

278

Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

About Residential About Residential Building Programs to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Technology Research, Standards, & Codes Popular Residential Links Success Stories Previous Next Warming Up to Pump Heat.

279

Energy Information Administration (EIA)- Commercial Buildings Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 CBECS Survey Data 2003 | 1999 | 1995 | 1992 | Previous 9 CBECS Survey Data 2003 | 1999 | 1995 | 1992 | Previous Building Characteristics Consumption & Expenditures Microdata Methodology Building Characteristics Data from the 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) are presented in the Building Characteristics tables, which include number of buildings and total floorspace for various Building Characteristics, and Consumption and Expenditures tables, which include energy usage figures for major energy sources. Complete sets of RSE tables (What is an RSE?) are also available in PDF format 1999 Summary Tables for all principal building activities Summary Tables For All Principal Building Activities Number of Buildings (thousand) Floorspace (million square feet) Square Feet per Building (thousand) Median Age of Building (years)

280

Critical point analysis of phase envelope diagram  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase diagram or phase envelope is a relation between temperature and pressure that shows the condition of equilibria between the different phases of chemical compounds, mixture of compounds, and solutions. Phase diagram is an important issue in chemical thermodynamics and hydrocarbon reservoir. It is very useful for process simulation, hydrocarbon reactor design, and petroleum engineering studies. It is constructed from the bubble line, dew line, and critical point. Bubble line and dew line are composed of bubble points and dew points, respectively. Bubble point is the first point at which the gas is formed when a liquid is heated. Meanwhile, dew point is the first point where the liquid is formed when the gas is cooled. Critical point is the point where all of the properties of gases and liquids are equal, such as temperature, pressure, amount of substance, and others. Critical point is very useful in fuel processing and dissolution of certain chemicals. Here in this paper, we will show the critical point analytically. Then, it will be compared with numerical calculations of Peng-Robinson equation by using Newton-Raphson method. As case studies, several hydrocarbon mixtures are simulated using by Matlab.

Soetikno, Darmadi; Siagian, Ucok W. R. [Department of Petroleum Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia); Kusdiantara, Rudy, E-mail: rkusdiantara@s.itb.ac.id; Puspita, Dila, E-mail: rkusdiantara@s.itb.ac.id; Sidarto, Kuntjoro A., E-mail: rkusdiantara@s.itb.ac.id; Soewono, Edy; Gunawan, Agus Y. [Department of Mathematics, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Energy saving performance of green vegetation on LEED certified buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Sustainable building practices can considerably reduce building's environmental impact in energy consumption. Covering a building envelope with green vegetation, such as green roof and green wall, is considered a sustainable construction practice, as green vegetation has a positive performance in energy savings. It reduces heat flux and solar reflectivity, generates evaporative cooling, increases thermal performance of the building envelope, and blocks the wind effect on the building. This paper analyses the energy performance of green vegetation in a high occupancy LEED Gold standard building in Canada. DesignBuilder software was used to model the energy consumption for heating and cooling, and EnergyPlus software was used to perform the detailed energy simulations. The developed simulation model was validated with the actual energy consumptions of the selected building. Three different scenarios of green vegetation were simulated and the results show that green vegetation could considerably reduce the negative heat transfer through the building faade in summer and winter months. However, the analysis demonstrated that the green vegetation is not cost-effective in winter months or cold climatic regions due to the low energy savings performance. The paper concludes with recommendations to improve the overall energy performance in green buildings.

H. Feng; K. Hewage

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HVAC Research Projects to someone by E-mail HVAC Research Projects to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research

283

Building Technologies Office: Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Air-Source Integrated Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research

284

Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cold Climate Heat Pump Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research

285

Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Working Fluid Projects  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Working Fluid Projects to someone by E-mail Working Fluid Projects to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Working Fluid Projects on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Working Fluid Projects on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Working Fluid Projects on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Working Fluid Projects on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Working Fluid Projects on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded Working Fluid Projects on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research

286

Commercial Reference Building: Supermarket | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Supermarket Supermarket Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Supermarket for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

287

San Francisco Building Code Amendments to the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

occupancy types regulated by the San Francisco Building Code, including: A, B, E, F, H, I, L, M, R, S, and U1 2010 San Francisco Building Code Amendments to the 2010 California Green Building Standards Code (Omitting amendments to 2010 California Building Code and 2010 California Residential Code which do

288

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Codes and Standards Codes and Standards Photo of two inspectors looking at a clipboard on a commercial building site with the steel frame of a commercial building in the background. Local code officials enforce building energy codes. Credit: iStockphoto Once an energy-efficient technology or practice is widely available in the market, it can become the baseline of performance through building energy codes and equipment standards. The Building Technologies Office (BTO) provides support to states and local governments as they adopt and monitor commercial building code as well as builders working to meet and exceed code. BTO also develops test procedures and minimum efficiency standards for commercial equipment. Building Energy Codes DOE encourages using new technologies and better building practices to improve energy efficiency. Mandating building energy efficiency by including it in state and local codes is an effective strategy for achieving that goal. The Building Energy Codes Program works with the International Code Council (ICC), American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA), American Institute of Architects (AIA), the building industry, and state and local officials to develop and promote more stringent and easy-to-understand building energy codes and to assess potential code barriers to new energy-efficient technologies.

289

Building-integrated photovoltaics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a study of the issues and opportunities for building-integrated PV products, seen primarily from the perspective of the design community. Although some quantitative analysis is included, and limited interviews are used, the essence of the study is qualitative and subjective. It is intended as an aid to policy makers and members of the technical community in planning and setting priorities for further study and product development. It is important to remember that the success of a product in the building market is not only dependent upon its economic value; the diverse group of building owners, managers, regulators, designers, tenants and users must also find it practical, aesthetically appealing and safe. The report is divided into 11 sections. A discussion of technical and planning considerations is followed by illustrative diagrams of different wall and roof assemblies representing a range of possible PV-integration schemes. Following the diagrams, several of these assemblies are then applied to a conceptual test building which is analyzed for PV performance. Finally, a discussion of mechanical/electrical building products incorporating PVs is followed by a brief surveys of cost issues, market potential and code implications. The scope of this report is such that most of the discussion does not go beyond stating the questions. A more detailed analysis will be necessary to establish the true costs and benefits PVs may provide to buildings, taking into account PV power revenue, construction costs, and hidden costs and benefits to building utility and marketability.

NONE

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Determining Factors Influencing Nuclear Envelope and Nuclear Pore Complex Structure.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cells nuclear envelope (NE) has pores that are stabilized by nuclear pore complexes (NPC), large proteinaceous structures whose function is to mediate transport between the nucleus and cytoplasm. Although the transport process is well studied...

Gouni, Sushanth

2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

291

Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 On this page, you may link to the summary...

292

Building Energy Optimization Analysis Method (BEopt) - Building...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Energy Optimization Analysis Method (BEopt) - Building America Top Innovation Building Energy Optimization Analysis Method (BEopt) - Building America Top Innovation House graphic...

293

Building America Building Science Education Roadmap  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building America Building America Building Science Education Roadmap April 2013 Contents Introduction ................................................................................................................................ 3 Background ................................................................................................................................. 4 Summit Participants .................................................................................................................... 5 Key Results .................................................................................................................................. 6 Problem ...................................................................................................................................... 7

294

Encouraging Combined Heat and Power in California Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2020. Furthermore, aggressive building and appliance efficiency standards, including targets for zero net

Stadler, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Buildings Energy Data Book  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

9Market Transformation 9Market Transformation 9.1 ENERGY STAR 9.2 LEED 9.3 Certification Programs 9.4 High Performance Buildings Glossary Acronyms and Initialisms Technology Descriptions Building Descriptions Other Data Books Biomass Energy Transportation Energy Power Technologies Hydrogen Download the Entire Book Skip down to the tables This chapter contains data on two market transformation programs that reach across the United States and to other countries: the ENERGY STAR program, jointly administered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy, and the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system. It also includes data on three professional certifications and five case studies of high performance buildings. The main points from this chapter are summarized below:

296

Complete 90.1 Prototype Building Model package | Building Energy Codes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Complete 90.1 Prototype Building Model package Complete 90.1 Prototype Building Model package The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each

297

90.1 Prototype Building Models Full Service Restaurant | Building Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

90.1 Prototype Building Models Full Service Restaurant 90.1 Prototype Building Models Full Service Restaurant The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each

298

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: BuildingAdvice  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BuildingAdvice BuildingAdvice BuildingAdvice™ is a user-friendly, Web-based platform designed to assess building energy performance and identify and quantify energy savings opportunities. Target buildings are in the 5k-200k sq. ft. range, with scalability up to 1mm sq. ft. The platform combines 1) portable wireless sensor packages for capture of real-time building data, 2) automated entry of weather data, 3) manual entry of basic building information, and 4) proprietary EnGen™ energy modeling software. Output is a suite of comprehensive reports that benchmark against CBECS; provide key performance parameters including Energy Star rating, energy usage index, energy cost per square foot, and carbon emissions; provide ASHRAE Level II audits that quantify energy usage in four areas of

299

Industrial Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Industrial Industrial Industrial / Manufacturing Buildings Industrial/manufacturing buildings are not considered commercial, but are covered by the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). See the MECS home page for further information. Commercial buildings found on a manufacturing industrial complex, such as an office building for a manufacturer, are not considered to be commercial if they have the same owner and operator as the industrial complex. However, they would be counted in the CBECS if they were owned and operated independently of the manufacturing industrial complex. Specific questions may be directed to: Joelle Michaels joelle.michaels@eia.doe.gov CBECS Manager Release date: January 21, 2003 Page last modified: May 5, 2009 10:18 AM http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/archive/cbecs/pba99/industrial.html

300

Hydronic Heating Retrofits for Low-Rise Multifamily Buildings: Boiler Control Replacement and Monitoring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ARIES Collaborative, a U.S. Department of Energy Building America research team, partnered with NeighborWorks America affiliate Homeowners' Rehab Inc. (HRI) of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to study improvements to the central hydronic heating system in one of the nonprofit's housing developments. The heating controls in the three-building, 42-unit Columbia Cambridge Alliance for Spanish Tenants housing development were upgraded. Fuel use in the development was excessive compared to similar properties. A poorly insulated thermal envelope contributed to high energy bills, but adding wall insulation was not cost-effective or practical. The more cost-effective option was improving heating system efficiency. Efficient operation of the heating system faced several obstacles, including inflexible boiler controls and failed thermostatic radiator valves. Boiler controls were replaced with systems that offer temperature setbacks and one that controls heat based on apartment temperature in addition to outdoor temperature. Utility bill analysis shows that post-retrofit weather-normalized heating energy use was reduced by 10%-31% (average of 19%). Indoor temperature cutoff reduced boiler runtime (and therefore heating fuel consumption) by 28% in the one building in which it was implemented. Nearly all savings were obtained during night which had a lower indoor temperature cut off (68 degrees F) than day (73 degrees F). This implies that the outdoor reset curve was appropriately adjusted for this building for daytime operation. Nighttime setback of heating system supply water temperature had no discernable impact on boiler runtime or gas bills.

Dentz, J.; Henderson, H.; Varshney, K.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Extended supernova shock breakout signals from inflated stellar envelopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stars close to the Eddington luminosity can have large low-density inflated envelopes. We show that the rise times of shock breakout signals from supernovae can be extended significantly if supernova progenitors have an inflated stellar envelope. If the shock breakout occurs in such inflated envelopes, the shock breakout signals diffuse in them, and their rise time can be significantly extended. Then, the rise times of the shock breakout signals are dominated by the diffusion time in the inflated envelope rather than the light-crossing time of the progenitors. We show that our inflated Wolf-Rayet star models whose radii are of the order of the solar radius can have shock breakout signals which are longer than ~100 sec. The existence of inflated envelopes in Wolf-Rayet supernova progenitors may be related to the mysterious long shock breakout signal observed in Type Ib SN 2008D. Extended shock breakout signals may provide evidence for the existence of inflated stellar envelopes and can be used to constrain the...

Moriya, Takashi J; Langer, Norbert

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Better Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Challenge National leadership Initiative Better Information MOU with the Appraisal Foundation Better Tax Incentives/Credits New :179d eligibility and tool; Announced in March Better Financing With Small Business...: engaging in ESCO financing with low interest bonds) ?Tenant/Employee behaviors at odds with efficiency goals ?Split incentives ?Not enough/qualified workforce Better Buildings strategies to overcome barriers and drive action 4 Better Buildings...

Neukomm, M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

NREL: Buildings Research Home Page  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Artist's rendering of the courtyard view of NREL's new Research Support Facility. Artist's rendering of the courtyard view of NREL's new Research Support Facility. NREL's buildings research teams lead efforts in developing cutting-edge technical solutions to improve the energy efficiency of both residential and commercial buildings, and to accelerate the integration of renewable energy technologies with buildings. NREL's Residential Buildings researchers explore energy efficiency options for both new and existing homes, including whole-house performance and the interaction of building components. The Commercial Buildings team focuses on providing large institutional and private sector commercial building owners with tools, resources, and expertise to address energy challenges. Learn more about our state-of-the-art laboratory facilities and about how

304

Building Technology and Urban Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Office building exterior and infrared thermograph Office building exterior and infrared thermograph Building Technology and Urban Systems Building Technology and Urban Systems application/pdf icon btus-org-chart-03-2013.pdf In the areas of Building Technology and Urban Systems, EETD researchers conduct R&D and develop physical and information technologies to make buildings and urban areas more energy- and resource-efficient. These technologies create jobs and products for the marketplace in clean technology industries. They improve quality of life, and reduce the emissions of pollutants, including climate-altering greenhouse gases. BTUSD's goal is to provide the technologies needed to operate buildings at 50 to 70 percent less energy use than average today. BTUS develops, demonstrates and deploys: Information technologies for the real-time monitoring and control of

305

Augmented reality building operations tool  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method (700) for providing an augmented reality operations tool to a mobile client (642) positioned in a building (604). The method (700) includes, with a server (660), receiving (720) from the client (642) an augmented reality request for building system equipment (612) managed by an energy management system (EMS) (620). The method (700) includes transmitting (740) a data request for the equipment (612) to the EMS (620) and receiving (750) building management data (634) for the equipment (612). The method (700) includes generating (760) an overlay (656) with an object created based on the building management data (634), which may be sensor data, diagnostic procedures, or the like. The overlay (656) is configured for concurrent display on a display screen (652) of the client (642) with a real-time image of the building equipment (612). The method (700) includes transmitting (770) the overlay (656) to the client (642).

Brackney, Larry J.

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

306

Pump apparatus including deconsolidator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A pump apparatus includes a particulate pump that defines a passage that extends from an inlet to an outlet. A duct is in flow communication with the outlet. The duct includes a deconsolidator configured to fragment particle agglomerates received from the passage.

Sonwane, Chandrashekhar; Saunders, Timothy; Fitzsimmons, Mark Andrew

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

307

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: WUFI-ORNL/IBP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

WUFI-ORNL/IBP WUFI-ORNL/IBP WUFI-ORNL/IBP logo. Advanced hygrothermal model that solves the coupled heat, and moisture transport in building envelope systems such as walls and roofs.� The model is joint development between the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Fraunhofer Institute in Building Physics (IBP). WUFI-ORNL/IBP is an easy-to-use, menu-driven program for use on a personal computer which can provide customized solutions to moisture engineering and damage assessment problems for various building envelope systems. The model was specifically developed for architects, and engineers� alike. It is excellent education tool as the user can visually review the transient thermal and moisture distributions as the simulation is executed.� Screen Shots Keywords moisture modeling, hygrothermal model, combined heat and moisture

308

An Assessment of Envelope Measures in Mild Climate Deep Energy Retrofits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy end-uses and interior comfort conditions have been monitored in 11 Deep Energy Retrofits (DERs) in a mild marine climate. Two broad categories of DER envelope were identified: first, bringing homes up to current code levels of insulation and airtightness, and second, enhanced retrofits that go beyond these code requirements. The efficacy of envelope measures in DERs was difficult to determine, due to the intermingled effects of enclosure improvements, HVAC system upgrades and changes in interior comfort conditions. While energy reductions in these project homes could not be assigned to specific improvements, the combined effects of changes in enclosure, HVAC system and comfort led to average heating energy reductions of 76percent (12,937 kWh) in the five DERs with pre-retrofit data, or 80percent (5.9 kWh/ft2) when normalized by floor area. Overall, net-site energy reductions averaged 58percent (15,966 kWh; n=5), and DERs with code-style envelopes achieved average net-site energy reductions of 65percent (18,923 kWh; n=4). In some homes, the heating energy reductions were actually larger than the whole house reductions that were achieved, which suggests that substantial additional energy uses were added to the home during the retrofit that offset some heating savings. Heating system operation and energy use was shown to vary inconsistently with outdoor conditions, suggesting that most DERs were not thermostatically controlled and that occupants were engaged in managing the indoor environmental conditions. Indoor temperatures maintained in these DERs were highly variable, and no project home consistently provided conditions within the ASHRAE Standard 55-2010 heating season comfort zone. Thermal comfort and heating system operation had a large impact on performance and were found to depend upon the occupant activities, so DERs should be designed with the occupants needs and patterns of consumption in mind. Beyond-code building envelopes were not found to be strictly necessary for the achievement of deep energy savings in existing uninsulated homes in mild marine climates, provided that other energy end-uses were comprehensively reduced. We recommend that mild climate DERs pursue envelopes in compliance with the 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) and pair these with high efficiency, off-the-shelf HVAC equipment. Enhanced building envelopes should be considered in cases where very low heating energy use (<1,000 kWh/year or <0.5 kWh/ft2-year) and enhanced thermal comfort (ASHRAE 55-2010) are required, as well as in those situations where substantial energy uses are added to the home, such as decorative lighting, cooling or smart home A/V and communication equipment.

Walker, Iain; Less, Brennan

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Warehouse  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

310

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Supermarket  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

311

A Retrofit Tool for Improving Energy Efficiency of Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Existing buildings will dominate energy use in commercial buildings in the United States for three decades or longer and even in China for the about two decades. Retrofitting these buildings to improve energy efficiency and reduce energy use is thus critical to achieving the target of reducing energy use in the buildings sector. However there are few evaluation tools that can quickly identify and evaluate energy savings and cost effectiveness of energy conservation measures (ECMs) for retrofits, especially for buildings in China. This paper discusses methods used to develop such a tool and demonstrates an application of the tool for a retrofit analysis. The tool builds on a building performance database with pre-calculated energy consumption of ECMs for selected commercial prototype buildings using the EnergyPlus program. The tool allows users to evaluate individual ECMs or a package of ECMs. It covers building envelope, lighting and daylighting, HVAC, plug loads, service hot water, and renewable energy. The prototype building can be customized to represent an actual building with some limitations. Energy consumption from utility bills can be entered into the tool to compare and calibrate the energy use of the prototype building. The tool currently can evaluate energy savings and payback of ECMs for shopping malls in China. We have used the tool to assess energy and cost savings for retrofit of the prototype shopping mall in Shanghai. Future work on the tool will simplify its use and expand it to cover other commercial building types and other countries.

Levine, Mark; Feng, Wei; Ke, Jing; Hong, Tianzhen; Zhou, Nan

2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

312

Whole Building Performance-Based Procurement Training  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Whole Building Performance-Based Whole Building Performance-Based Procurement Training TDM - Shalon Brown (BTO) Shanti Pless National Renewable Energy Laboratory Shanti.Pless@nrel.gov 303-384-6365 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Project Definition Replicating NREL/DOE procurement process successes in reaching 50% building energy savings at typical construction costs, by: - Creating a how-to guide that outlines the entire acquisition process, including: setting a building energy requirement, project

313

High Performance Buildings Database  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The High Performance Buildings Database is a shared resource for the building industry, a unique central repository of in-depth information and data on high-performance, green building projects across the United States and abroad. The database includes information on the energy use, environmental performance, design process, finances, and other aspects of each project. Members of the design and construction teams are listed, as are sources for additional information. In total, up to twelve screens of detailed information are provided for each project profile. Projects range in size from small single-family homes or tenant fit-outs within buildings to large commercial and institutional buildings and even entire campuses. The database is a data repository as well. A series of Web-based data-entry templates allows anyone to enter information about a building project into the database. Once a project has been submitted, each of the partner organizations can review the entry and choose whether or not to publish that particular project on its own Web site.

314

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Tools by Country - Switzerland  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Switzerland Switzerland A E F L M P U Tool Applications Free Recently Updated ACOUSALLE acoustics, codes and standards ECO-BAT environmental performance, life cycle assessment, sustainable development Software has been updated. EnerCAD Building Energy Efficiency; Early Design Optimization; Architecture Oriented; Life Cycle Analysis Software has been updated. flixo 2D heat transfer, cold bridge, fenestration, frame U-value, thermal bridge Software has been updated. LESO-COMFORT thermal comfort, load calculation, energy LESO-SHADE shading factors, solar shading, building geometry LESOCOOL airflow, passive cooling, energy simulation, mechanical ventilation LESODIAL Daylighting, early design stage, user-friendliness LESOKAI thermal tranmission, water vapor, building envelope Software has been updated.

315

A Look at Retail and Service Buildings - Index Page  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

category. Retail other than malls include buildings such as department stores, automobile showrooms, drugstores, building material supply stores, and wholesale shopping...

316

Database Aids Building Owners and Operators in Energy-Efficiency...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The Building Technologies Office is conducting ongoing outreach to public and private organizations to contribute data. Collected data points include building location,...

317

Buildings Energy Data Book: 9.2 LEED  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

and two buildings whose states were not listed. Pilots are not included. United States Green Building Council, http:www.usgbc.orgLEEDProjectCertifiedProjectList.aspx,...

318

Phenylalanines at positions 88 and 159 of Ebolavirus envelope glycoprotein differentially impact envelope function  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The envelope glycoprotein (GP) of Ebolavirus (EBOV) mediates viral entry into host cells. Through mutagenesis, we and other groups reported that two phenylalanines at positions 88 and 159 of GP are critical for viral entry. However, it remains elusive which steps of viral entry are impaired by F88 or F159 mutations and how. In this study, we further characterized these two phenylalanines through mutagenesis and examined the impact on GP expression, function, and structure. Our data suggest that F159 plays an indirect role in viral entry by maintaining EBOV GP's overall structure. In contrast, we did not detect any evidence for conformational differences in GP with F88 mutations. The data suggest that F88 influences viral entry during a step after cathepsin processing, presumably impacting viral fusion.

Ou Wu; King, Harlan; Delisle, Josie [Division of Cellular and Gene Therapies, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, FDA, Bldg. 29B, Room 5NN22, 8800 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States); Shi Dashuang [Research Center for Genetic Medicine, Children's National Medical Center, George Washington University, Washington, D. C. 20010 (United States); Wilson, Carolyn A., E-mail: carolyn.wilson@fda.hhs.go [Division of Cellular and Gene Therapies, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, FDA, Bldg. 29B, Room 5NN22, 8800 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States)

2010-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

319

Residential Buildings Integration Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Residential Buildings Integration Program Presentation for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

320

Building Scale DC Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building TechnologiesEfficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies

Marnay, Chris

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Commercial Buildings Consortium  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Commercial Buildings Integration Project for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

322

Energy Efficient Buildings Hub  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Energy Efficient Buildings HUB Lunch Presentation for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

323

90.1 Prototype Building Models Mid-rise Apartment | Building Energy Codes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mid-rise Apartment Mid-rise Apartment The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

324

90.1 Prototype Building Models Stand Alone Retail | Building Energy Codes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Stand Alone Retail Stand Alone Retail The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

325

90.1 Prototype Building Models Quick Service Restaurant | Building Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quick Service Restaurant Quick Service Restaurant The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

326

90.1 Prototype Building Models- Medium Office | Building Energy Codes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Models- Medium Office Models- Medium Office The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

327

90.1 Prototype Building Models Large Hotel | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hotel Hotel The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

328

90.1 Prototype Building Models Warehouse (non-refrigerated) | Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Warehouse (non-refrigerated) Warehouse (non-refrigerated) The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

329

90.1 Prototype Building Models Large Office | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Office Office The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

330

90.1 Prototype Building Models Small Office | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Office Office The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

331

90.1 Prototype Building Models Strip Mall | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Strip Mall Strip Mall The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

332

90.1 Prototype Building Models Small Hotel | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hotel Hotel The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

333

90.1 Prototype Building Models Primary School | Building Energy Codes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Primary School Primary School The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

334

90.1 Prototype Building Models Hospital | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hospital Hospital The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

335

90.1 Prototype Building Models Secondary School | Building Energy Codes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Secondary School Secondary School The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

336

Oxygen Chemistry in the Circumstellar Envelope of the Carbon-Rich Star IRC+10216  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we study the oxygen chemistry in the C-rich circumstellar shells of IRC+10216. The recent discoveries of oxygen bearing species (water, hydroxyl radical and formaldehyde) toward this source challenge our current understanding of the chemistry in C-rich circumstellar envelopes. The presence of icy comets surrounding the star or catalysis on iron grain surfaces have been invoked to explain the presence of such unexpected species. This detailed study aims at evaluating the chances of producing O-bearing species in the C-rich circumstellar envelope only by gas phase chemical reactions. For the inner hot envelope, it is shown that although most of the oxygen is locked in CO near the photosphere (as expected for a C/O ratio greater than 1), some stellar radii far away species such as H2O and CO2 have large abundances under the assumption of thermochemical equilibrium. It is also shown how non-LTE chemistry makes very difficult the CO-->H2O,CO2 transformation predicted in LTE. Concerning the chemistry in the outer and colder envelope, we show that formaldehyde can be formed through gas phase reactions. However, in order to form water vapor it is necessary to include a radiative association between atomic oxygen and molecular hydrogen with a quite high rate constant. The chemical models explain the presence of HCO+ and predict the existence of SO and H2CS (which has been detected in a 3 mm line survey to be published). We have modeled the line profiles of H2CO, H2O, HCO+, SO and H2CS using a non-local radiative transfer model and the abundance profiles predicted by our chemical model. The results have been compared to the observations and discussed.

Marcelino Agundez; Jose Cernicharo

2006-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

337

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: UMIDUS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

UMIDUS UMIDUS UMIDUS logo. Models coupled heat and moisture transfer within porous media, in order to analyze hygrothemal performance of building elements when subjected to any kind of climate conditions. Both diffusion and capillary regimes are taken into account that is the transfer of water in the vapor and liquid phases through the material can be analyzed. The model predicts moisture and temperature profiles within multi-layer walls and low-slope roofs for any time step and calculates heat and mass transfer. Umidus has been built in an OOP language to be fast and precise easy-to-use software. � Umidus is especially useful for studies of hygrothermal behaviours of building envelope and roofs. Users can quickly build different construction elements and compare them in terms of heat flux, mass flow and moisture

338

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: MOIST  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MOIST MOIST MOIST logo. Program to predict combined transfer of heat and moisture in multi-layer building construction. Inputs hourly weather data from diskette and predicts the moisture content and temperature of the construction layers as a function of time of year. Can be used to develop guidelines and practices for controlling moisture in walls, flat roofs, and cathedral ceilings. Keywords combined heat and moisture transfer, envelope Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required Low to moderate level of computer literacy; most users require about 3 hours to learn how to use the program. Users Over 1250. Audience Building engineers, architects, consultants. Input ASHRAE WYEC Weather Data (over 50 cities available at http://www.bfrl.nist.gov/863/moist.html); user-defined building

339

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Sefaira  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sefaira Sefaira tool_sefaira.jpg Sefaira allows architects to focus on performance from the beginning of their design process with software that provides them with real-time feedback for their building’s design. Architects can directly use that feedback to influence their design, instead of validating a design at the end of their process. Architects can study form & facade design, compare design options and strategies, find the strategies with the biggest impact and optimize key design parameters, such as shading, glazing ratios, and orientation. Screen Shots Keywords Early-stage performance analysis of building envelope, HVAC, water & renewables , Real-time building performance analysis, Parametric analysis, Thermal comfort analysis Validation/Testing Sefaira leverages two energy analysis engines for different types of

340

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: CHVAC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CHVAC CHVAC CHVAC logo. Quickly and accurately calculates the maximum heating and cooling loads for commercial buildings. CHVAC allows an unlimited number of zones which can be grouped into as many as 100 air handling systems. CHVAC automatically looks up all CLTD cooling load and correction factors necessary for computing loads. In addition, the programs can look up outdoor design weather data for over 1500 cities located around the world. There is also provision for editing the weather data as well as adding data for other cities. Comprehensive reports list the general project data, detailed zone loads, air handler summary loads, outside air loads, total building loads, building envelope analysis, tonnage requirements, CFM air quantities, chilled water flow rates (if applicable), and complete psychrometric data

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Building low-cost music controllers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents our work on building low-cost music controllers intended for educational and creative use. The main idea was to build an electronic music controller, including sensors and a sensor interface, on a 10 euro budget. We ...

Alexander Refsum Jensenius; Rodolphe Koehly; Marcelo M. Wanderley

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Building America Case Study: Challenges of Achieving 2012 IECC Air Sealing Requirements in Multifamily Dwellings, Upstate New York (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While previous versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) have included provisions to improve the air tightness of dwellings, for the first time, the 2012 IECC mandates compliance verification through blower door testing. Simply completing the Air Barrier and Insulation Installation checklist through visual inspection is no longer sufficient by itself. In addition, the 2012 IECC mandates a significantly stricter air sealing requirement. In Climate Zones 3 through 8, air leakage may not exceed 3 ACH50, which is a significant reduction from the 2009 IECC requirement of 7 ACH50. This requirement is for all residential buildings, which includes low-rise multifamily dwellings. While this air leakage rate requirement is an important component to achieving an efficient building thermal envelope, currently, the code language doesn't explicitly address differences between single family and multifamily applications. In addition, the 2012 IECC does not provide an option to sample dwellings for larger multifamily buildings, so compliance would have to be verified on every unit. With compliance with the 2012 IECC air leakage requirements on the horizon, several of CARB's multifamily builder partners are evaluating how best to comply with this requirement. Builders are not sure whether it is more practical or beneficial to simply pay for guarded testing or to revise their air sealing strategies to improve compartmentalization to comply with code requirements based on unguarded blower door testing. This report summarizes CARB's research that was conducted to assess the feasibility of meeting the 2012 IECC air leakage requirements in 3 multifamily buildings.

Not Available

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

The molecular envelope around the red supergiant VY CMa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present millimeter interferometric observations of the molecular envelope around the red supergiant VY CMa with the SubMillimeter Array (SMA). The high angular resolution (< 2'') allows us to derive the structure of the envelope as observed in the 1.3 mm continuum, 12CO(2-1), 13CO(2-1) and SO(6,5-5,4) lines emission. The circumstellar envelope is resolved into three components: a dense, compact and dusty central component, embedded in a more diffuse and extended envelope plus a high velocity component. We construct a simple model, consisting of a spherically symmetric slowly expanding envelope and bipolar outflows with a wide opening angle (~ 120 deg.) viewed close to the line of sight (i = 15 deg.). Our model can explain the main features of the SMA data and previous single-dish CO multi-line observations. An episode of enhanced mass loss along the bipolar direction is inferred from our modelling. The SMA data provide a better understanding of the complicated morphology seen in the optical/IR high resolution observations.

S. Muller; Dinh-V-Trung; J. Lim; N. Hirano; C. Muthu; S. Kwok

2006-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

344

Architecture: Watch on High Buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... England and Wales, would like to see a firm policy for the control of high buildings in London. The commissioners, who include Mr John Betjeman, Sir Hugh Casson, Lord ... that there are increasing pressures on the local authorities in London for planning consent for buildings above what used to be considered normal height limits, and there has been a ...

1969-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

345

Methodological Framework for Analysis of Buildings-Related Programs with BEAMS, 2008  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOEs) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) develops official benefits estimates for each of its major programs using its Planning, Analysis, and Evaluation (PAE) Team. PAE conducts an annual integrated modeling and analysis effort to produce estimates of the energy, environmental, and financial benefits expected from EEREs budget request. These estimates are part of EEREs budget request and are also used in the formulation of EEREs performance measures. Two of EEREs major programs are the Building Technologies Program (BT) and the Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program (WIP). Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) supports PAE by developing the program characterizations and other market information necessary to provide input to the EERE integrated modeling analysis as part of PAEs Portfolio Decision Support (PDS) effort. Additionally, PNNL also supports BT by providing line-item estimates for the Programs internal use. PNNL uses three modeling approaches to perform these analyses. This report documents the approach and methodology used to estimate future energy, environmental, and financial benefits using one of those methods: the Building Energy Analysis and Modeling System (BEAMS). BEAMS is a PC-based accounting model that was built in Visual Basic by PNNL specifically for estimating the benefits of buildings-related projects. It allows various types of projects to be characterized including whole-building, envelope, lighting, and equipment projects. This document contains an overview section that describes the estimation process and the models used to estimate energy savings. The body of the document describes the algorithms used within the BEAMS software. This document serves both as stand-alone documentation for BEAMS, and also as a supplemental update of a previous document, Methodological Framework for Analysis of Buildings-Related Programs: The GPRA Metrics Effort, (Elliott et al. 2004b). The areas most changed since the publication of that previous document are those discussing the calculation of lighting and HVAC interactive effects (for both lighting and envelope/whole-building projects). This report does not attempt to convey inputs to BEAMS or the methodology of their derivation.

Elliott, Douglas B.; Dirks, James A.; Hostick, Donna J.

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

346

Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tools to someone by E-mail Tools to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance Solution Center Partnerships Meetings Publications Home Energy Score

347

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to someone by E-mail to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Buildings Performance Database Data Centers Energy Asset Score Energy Modeling Software Global Superior Energy Performance Partnership

348

Building Energy Codes 101: An Introduction | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Codes 101: An Introduction Codes 101: An Introduction In order to provide a basic introduction to the varied and complex issues associated with building energy codes, the U.S. Department of Energy's Building Energy Codes Program, with valued assistance from the International Codes Council and ASHRAE, has prepared Building Energy Codes 101: An Introduction. This guide is designed to speak to a broad audience with an interest in building energy efficiency, including state energy officials, architects, engineers, designers, and members of the public. Publication Date: Wednesday, February 17, 2010 BECP_Building Energy Codes 101_February2010_v00.pdf Document Details Last Name: Britt Initials: M Affiliation: PNNL Document Number: PNNL-70586 Focus: Adoption Code Development Compliance Building Type:

349

Hidden buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... to charge to research grants a portion of the costs of constructing and financing new buildings. What this means is that institutions confident that their researchers would be well supported ... that institutions confident that their researchers would be well supported have

1991-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

350

Development | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Printable Version Printable Version Development Commercial Residential Adoption Compliance Regulations Resource Center Development The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) supports and participates in the model building energy code development processes administered by the ASHRAE and the International Code Council (ICC). DOE activities include developing and submitting code change proposals, conducting analysis of building energy efficiency and cost savings, and formulating underlying evaluation methodologies. Through participation in model energy code development for both commercial and residential buildings, DOE strives to make cost-effective, energy efficient upgrades to current model codes. DOE also establishes energy efficiency standards for federal buildings and manufactured housing. Further information on this process is defined under

351

Building America Case Study: Selecting Ventilation Systems for Existing Homes (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document addresses adding -or improving - mechanical ventilation systems to existing homes. The purpose of ventilation is to remove contaminants from homes, and this report discusses where, when, and how much ventilation is appropriate in a home, including some discussion of relevant codes and standards. Advantages, disadvantages, and approximate costs of various system types are presented along with general guidelines for implementing the systems in homes. CARB intends for this document to be useful to decision makers and contractors implementing ventilation systems in homes. Choosing the "best" system is not always straightforward; selecting a system involves balancing performance, efficiency, cost, required maintenance, and several other factors. It is the intent of this document to assist contractors in making more informed decisions when selecting systems. Ventilation is an integral part of a high-performance home. With more air-sealed envelopes, a mechanical means of removing contaminants is critical for indoor environmental quality and building durability.

Not Available

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Policy Statement Number: PS-49 Title/Topic: Building Coordinator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 10. Report all landscape maintenance problems, including drainage problems or grounds upkeep group responsible for coordinating maintenance requests and activities within that building or building Coordinators are responsible for coordinating maintenance requests and activities within the building

Harms, Kyle E.

353

About the Design & Construction Collaborative Life Sciences Building & Skourtes Tower  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

About the Design & Construction Collaborative Life Sciences Building & Skourtes Tower With an emphasis on connection, the inter-disciplinary, multi-institutional building's design reflects its. Anticipating LEED Platinum rating, the building incorporated sustainable construction practices, including div

Chapman, Michael S.

354

Better Buildings Challenge | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercial Buildings » Better Buildings Challenge Commercial Buildings » Better Buildings Challenge Better Buildings Challenge Photo of the Atlanta skyline on a sunny day, including the gold dome of the state capitol. The Better Buildings Challenge is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Better Buildings Initiative, which aims to make U.S. commercial and industrial buildings at least 20% more efficient during the next decade. To achieve this aggressive target, DOE is working with public and private sector partners that commit to being leaders in energy efficiency. These partners will implement energy savings practices that improve energy efficiency and save money, and will showcase effective strategies and the results of their efforts. The Better Buildings Challenge supports commercial and industrial building

355

Building Energy Monitoring and Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project aimed to develop a standard methodology for building energy data definition, collection, presentation, and analysis; apply the developed methods to a standardized energy monitoring platform, including hardware and software, to collect and analyze building energy use data; and compile offline statistical data and online real-time data in both countries for fully understanding the current status of building energy use. This helps decode the driving forces behind the discrepancy of building energy use between the two countries; identify gaps and deficiencies of current building energy monitoring, data collection, and analysis; and create knowledge and tools to collect and analyze good building energy data to provide valuable and actionable information for key stakeholders.

Hong, Tianzhen; Feng, Wei; Lu, Alison; Xia, Jianjun; Yang, Le; Shen, Qi; Im, Piljae; Bhandari, Mahabir

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Design of double skin (envelope) as a solar chimney: adapting natural ventilation in double envelope for mild or warm climates.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In United States, space heating, space cooling and ventilation of buildings consume 33% of the annual building energy consumption and 15% of the total annual (more)

Wang, Lutao

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Office Buildings - Types of Office Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PDF Office Buildings PDF Office Buildings Types of Office Buildings | Energy Consumption | End-Use Equipment Although no one building type dominates the commercial buildings sector, office buildings are the most common and account for more than 800,000 buildings or 17 percent of total commercial buildings. Offices comprised more than 12 billion square feet of floorspace, 17 percent of total commercial floorspace, the most of any building type. Types of Office Buildings The 2003 CBECS Detailed Tables present data for office buildings along with other principal building activities (see Detailed Tables B13 and B14, for example). Since office buildings comprise a wide range of office-related activities, survey respondents were presented with a follow-up list of specific office types to choose from. Although we have not presented the

358

Building Technologies Program: Building America Publications  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Program Program HOME ABOUT ENERGY EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS APPLIANCE & EQUIPMENT STANDARDS BUILDING ENERGY CODES EERE » Building Technologies Program » Residential Buildings About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance Solution Center Partnerships Meetings Publications Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Challenge Home Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Technology Research, Standards, & Codes Feature featured product thumbnail Building America Best Practices Series Volume 14 - HVAC: A Guide for Contractors to Share with Homeowners Details Bookmark &

359

Inclusion of Building Envelope Thermal Lag Effects in Linear Regression Models of Daily Basis Building Energy Use Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?across?the?outside?air?temperature. Different?weather Toa data College?Station,?TX San?Francisco,?CA Phoenix,?AZ Chicago,?IL Wall?construction 4?in.?concrete?and?2?in.?insulation U?=?0.124?[Btu/hr?ft2??F] (=?0.707?[W/(m2?K)]) ?40 ?30 ?20 ?10 0 10 20 ?40 ?20 0 20 40 60 D a i...??F] (=?0.678?[W/(m2?K)]) Different thermal?mass?with?constant?U 0.6 0.62 0.64 0.66 0.68 0.7 0.72 0.74 MC=3 MC=8 MC=10 MC=20 U ? [ W / ( m 2 ? K ) ] Model?1 Model?2 True?value Model?1:?????? ? ?? ? ????? ? ? Model?2...

Masuda, H.; Claridge, D. E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Step 4. Design a building to meet the requirements of the applicable energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4. Design a building to meet the requirements of the applicable energy 4. Design a building to meet the requirements of the applicable energy code Designing a building to meet the requirements of the energy code can impact the look, feel, and function of the building. Energy codes also affect the design of all building systems separately and collectively. It is very important that the professionals responsible for designing the building envelope, lighting, and HVAC work together to consider interactions to best control overall building energy use. Integrated design, although not a requirement of the model codes and standards, is critical to minimizing initial project cost and being as effective as possible. WBDG.org, a web-based portal from the National Institute of Building Sciences that provides information on whole-building design, defines the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Building Envelope Design/Retrofit Utilizing Fresnel Type Overhangs in Hot Climates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and adaptation levels that impact occupant perception of the interior lighted space and exterior views. A realistic solution to the control of the visual environment is the Fresnel Overhang System. This element has been available for years but until recently has...

Ryan, B. J.; Griffith, J. W.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Building Performance Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Three Building Energy Modeling Programs:andD. Zhu. Buildingenergymodelingprogramscomparison:Comparison of building energy modeling programs: HVAC

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Buildings Characteristics 1992 Buildings Characteristics Overview Full Report Tables National and Census region estimates of the number of commercial buildings in the U.S. and...

364

Building Performance Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technologies, integrated design, building operation andperformance, integrated buildingdesignandoperation,Integrated Design and Operation for Very Low Energy Buildings,

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Building Energy Modeling  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Building energy simulationphysics-based calculation of building energy consumptionis a multi-use tool for building energy efficiency.

366

Building Performance Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Y (2008). DeSTAn integrated building simulation toolkit,Part ? : Fundamentals. Building Simulation, 1: 95 ? 110.Y (2008). DeSTAn integrated building simulation toolkit,

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advancing Building Energy Codes Advancing Building Energy Codes The Building Technologies Office (BTO) supports greater adoption of residential and commercial building energy codes through collaborative efforts with local governments and industry groups, and by providing key tools and assistance for code development, adoption, and implementation. Through advancing building codes, we aim to improve building energy efficiency by 50%, and to help states achieve 90% compliance with their energy codes. 75% of U.S. Buildings will be New or Renovated by 2035, Building Codes will Ensure They Use Energy Wisely. Learn More 75% of U.S. Buildings will be New or Renovated by 2035; Building Codes will Ensure They Use Energy Wisely Learn More Energy Codes Ensure Efficiency in Buildings We offer guidance and technical resources to policy makers, compliance verification professionals, architects, engineers, contractors, and other stakeholders who depend on building energy codes.

368

Building Green in Greensburg: 5.4.7 Arts Center  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5.4.7 Arts Center 5.4.7 Arts Center Architecture students and faculty from the University of Kansas built the 5.4.7 Arts Center to make art accessible to everyone and to give aspiring artists a place to learn about the arts through classes, exhibits, and performances. The name 5.4.7 comes from the date the tornado devastated Greensburg, Kansas: May 4, 2007. It is the first building in Kansas to achieve a Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED ® ) Platinum rating from the U.S. Green Building Council. ENERGY EFFICIENCY FEATURES * A south-facing building orientation maximizes winter heat gain and use of natural light * Well-insulated building envelope using cellulose insulation made from recycled newspapers maximizes energy efficiency * A tight north facade protects the building

369

Gagarin's Envelope, Bush's Ballot, and Sony's Rootkit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Complexity vs. Control Complexity Human Factors Society 1989 - 1998 displays: 540 controls: 123 both: 34 for Gore and Buchanan (vs. 184 out of 1.2 M in Miami Dade and Brower counties) · 3704 for Buchanan, about all endeavors, including elections, humans routinely correct the errors of machines." - Florida

Cummings, Mary "Missy"

370

TWEET: an envelope detection based broadband ultrasonic ranging system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fine-grained location information at long range can benefit many applications of embedded sensor networks and robotics. In this paper, we focus on range estimation - an important prerequisite for fine-grained localization - in the ultrasonic domain for ... Keywords: envelope detection, linear chirp, ultrasonic ranging

Prasant Kumar Misra; Diethelm Ostry; Navinda Kottege; Sanjay Jha

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

GTP-binding proteins in rat liver nuclear envelopes.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the GTP-dependent fusion of nuclear membrane vesicles required...nucleus after mitosis. The nuclear envelope (NE) is a distinct...As a barrier between the nuclear and the cytoplasmic compart...have been shown to require energy and to depend on specific receptor...

J B Rubins; J O Benditt; B F Dickey; N Riedel

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Instabilities in the Envelopes and Winds of Very Massive Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The high luminosity of Very Massive Stars (VMS) means that radiative forces play an important, dynamical role both in the structure and stability of their stellar envelope, and in driving strong stellar-wind mass loss. Focusing on the interplay of radiative flux and opacity, with emphasis on key distinctions between continuum vs. line opacity, this chapter reviews instabilities in the envelopes and winds of VMS. Specifically, we discuss how: 1) the iron opacity bump can induce an extensive inflation of the stellar envelope; 2) the density dependence of mean opacity leads to strange mode instabilities in the outer envelope; 3) desaturation of line-opacity by acceleration of near-surface layers initiates and sustains a line-driven stellar wind outflow; 4) an associated line-deshadowing instability leads to extensive small-scale structure in the outer regions of such line-driven winds; 5) a star with super-Eddington luminosity can develop extensive atmospheric structure from photon bubble instabilities, or from ...

Owocki, Stanley P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Star Perfomer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Star Perfomer Star Perfomer Star Perfomer logo. Outlines simple steps to help office building owners, managers and tenants improve their greenhouse and energy efficiency performance, simply by asking some straightforward questions about the size, operating hours, current performance and equipment standards of the building. Star Performer is a diagnostic tool that uses the current operational energy performance of the building measured against a national benchmark, obtained through the Australian Building Greenhouse Rating scheme (see links below), as a basis for making recommendations. The tool covers all areas of the building which affect operational energy performance, including building fabric, equipment and operational practices. Star Perfomer will point you in the right direction and give

374

Superrigidity of Hyperbolic Buildings Georgios Daskalopoulos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Superrigidity of Hyperbolic Buildings Georgios Daskalopoulos Brown University daskal which includes hyperbolic buildings as a special case. Our method uses harmonic maps to singular spaces of [GS] and contains hyperbolic buildings as a special case. Recall the following definition from [M

Mese, Chikako

375

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Selecting Ventilation Systems for Existing Homes  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This research effort by the Building America team, Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings, evaluated four different strategies for provide make-up air to multifamily residential buildings, which included several weeks of building pressure monitoring.

376

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.2 Federal Tax Incentives  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

2 2 Tax Incentive of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Envelope Improvements to Existing Homes (1) --Increases existing tax credit to 30% of costs up to $1,500 to upgrade building envelope to be compliant with codes for new construction. Upgrades to building shell, HVAC system, and windows and doors may qualify. Improvements must be installed between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2010. Renewable Energy Production Tax Credits --Tax credit to 30% of costs for installation of on-site renewable energy equipment, with no caps on total investment. Tax credits for wind energy are available through 2012, while other renewables can receive a tax credit if placed into service through 2013. Renewable Energy Investment Tax Credits --Provides the option to take an investment tax credit in lieu of the production tax credit. This allows the full credit to be

377

Green Building Incentive | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Building Incentive Green Building Incentive Jump to: navigation, search Green buildings are designed and constructed using practices and materials that minimize the impacts of the building on the environment and on human health. Many cities and counties offer financial incentives to promote green building. The most common form of incentive is a reduction or waiver of a building permit fee. The U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) is a popular point-based certification program for green buildings. The LEED system awards points for site selection and development; material, energy and water efficiency; indoor air quality; innovation; and the application of renewable technologies. (Note that this category includes green building incentives

378

Green Building Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Building Incentives Building Incentives Jump to: navigation, search Green buildings are designed and constructed using practices and materials that minimize the impacts of the building on the environment and on human health. Many cities and counties offer financial incentives to promote green building. The most common form of incentive is a reduction or waiver of a building permit fee. The U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) is a popular point-based certification program for green buildings. The LEED system awards points for site selection and development; material, energy and water efficiency; indoor air quality; innovation; and the application of renewable technologies. (Note that this category includes green building incentives

379

Commercial Building Energy Asset Score Sample Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

COMMERCIAL BUILDING COMMERCIAL BUILDING ENERGY ASSET SCORE 1 SUMMARY BUILDING INFORMATION Example Building 2000 A St., Chicago, IL 60601 Building Type: Mixed-Use Gross Floor Area: 140,000 ft 2 Year Built: 2005 Office: 100,000 ft 2 Retail: 40,000 ft 2 Report #: IL-1234567 Score Date: 02/2013 Building ID #: XXXXX ASSET SCORE DATA LEVEL: ¨ Simple Score ¨ Advanced Score ¨ Verified Advanced Score Current Score Potential Score BUILDING USE TYPES: This report includes a Score for the entire building as well as individual Scores for each of the separate use types. CONTENTS BUILDING ASSET SCORE: * Summary.......................................................... Page 1 * Score................................................................ Pages 2-4 * Upgrade Opportunities

380

Free Energy Efficiency Kit includes CFL light bulbs,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free Energy Efficiency Kit Kit includes CFL light bulbs, spray foam, low-flow shower head, and more! Building Science 101 Presentation BPI Certified Building Professionals will present home energy efficiency for discounted energy assessments. FREE HOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY SEMINAR N e w R i ver L i g ht & Pow e r a n d W

Rose, Annkatrin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.1 National Legislation  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

4 4 Energy Independence and Security Act 2007, High Performance Commercial Buildings Create the Office of Commercial High Performance Green Buildings The Office of Commercial High Performance Green Buildings with The Office of Federal High Performance Green Buildings will establish a High Performance Green Buildings Clearinghouse to disseminate research through outreach, education, and technical assistance Zero Net Energy Initiative for Commercial Buildings was also included establishing specific goals: -- Net zero energy use in all new commercial buildings constructed by 2030 -- Net zero energy use in 50% of the United State commercial building stock by 2040 -- Net zero energy use in the entire United States commercial building stock by 2050 Source(s):

382

Building Technologies Office: Energy Efficient Buildings Hub  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Efficient Buildings Hub Efficient Buildings Hub This model of a renovated historic building-Building 661-in Philadelphia will house the Energy Efficient Buildings Hub. The facility's renovation will serve as a best practices model for commercial building design, historic adaptive re-use, and energy efficiency innovation through continuous retrofit. The U.S. Department of Energy created the Energy Efficient Buildings Hub in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to promote regional job creation and economic growth while also improving the energy efficiency of commercial buildings. Established in 2011, the Energy Efficient Buildings Hub seeks to demonstrate how innovating technologies can help building owners and operators can save money by adopting energy efficient technologies and techniques. The goal is to enable the nation to cut energy use in the commercial buildings sector by 20% by 2020.

383

Laser wakefield simulation using a speed-of-light frame envelope model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser wakefield simulation using a speed-of-light frame envelope model B. Cowan , D. Bruhwiler , E. By propagating the laser envelope in a frame moving at the speed of light, dispersive errors can be avoided

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

384

BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM | Green Building Codes A Guide to Creating Effective  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

i i BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM | Green Building Codes A Guide to Creating Effective Green Building Programs for Energy Efficient and Sustainable Communities Going Beyond Code Preface The Going Beyond Code Guide is designed to help state and local governments design and implement successful "beyond code" programs for new commercial and residential buildings. The goal is to help states and localities establish voluntary or mandatory programs that go well beyond traditional minimum code requirements for new buildings. The guide addresses keys to successful adoption and implementation and discusses the primary areas that are typically included in beyond code or green building programs, including energy efficiency materials and resource conservation, water efficiency,

385

Model Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this talk I begin with some general discussion of model building in particle theory, emphasizing the need for motivation and testability. Three illustrative examples are then described. The first is the Left-Right model which provides an explanation for the chirality of quarks and leptons. The second is the 331-model which offers a first step to understanding the three generations of quarks and leptons. Third and last is the SU(15) model which can accommodate the light leptoquarks possibly seen at HERA.

Paul H. Frampton

1997-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

386

Independent Control of Sensible and Latent Cooling in Small Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

util impact. INTRODUCTION Dehumidification has become an increasingly large fraction of the total cooling load in many new buildings, as heat gains through the envelope have been reduced but internal moisture generation and the need... to be coincident with maximum air-conditioning loads. The possibility was suggested that by independently controlling temperature and humidity ways might be found to ameliorate the peak electrical loads imposed on utilities by the residential and small...

Andrews, J.; Lamontagne, J.; Piraino, M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Making your Building Smarter : The Retrofit Challenge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wireless Temp Sensors IBM Dublin Research Labs : Smart Buildings Living Lab Environment Background ? 2012 IBM Corporation IBM Dublin Research Labs Our Smart Building Retrofit Challenges Retrofit Challenges Summary 1. Smart Building Design 2... Comfortable environment ?Reduce Energy/Water usage environment ?Keep within Budget ?Biggest Challenge ?? Constantly competing (& changing) objectives within the design and build cycles What to include ? What is critical? Where to Invest ? 5 ? 2012...

Brady, N.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

The Envelope Thermal Test Unit (ETTU): Full Measurement of Wall Perform ance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Conservation in the Built Environment, Dublin, Ireland, March 30-April THE ENVELOPE THERMAL TEST UNIT (ETTU): FIELD MEASUREMENT

Sonderegger, R.C.; Sherman, M.H.; Adams, J.W.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

The Envelope Thermal Test Unit (ETTU): Full Measurement of Wall Perform ance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Conservation in the Built Environment, Dublin, Ireland, March 30-April THE ENVELOPE THERMAL TEST UNIT (ETTU): FIELD MEASUREMENT

Adams, J.W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Commercial Reference Building: Medium Office | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Medium Office Medium Office Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Medium Office for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings. The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for three categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

391

Commercial Reference Building: Small Office | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Office Office Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Small Office for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for three categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

392

Tax Deductions for Commercial Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Tax Deductions for Commercial Buildings Tax Deductions for Commercial Buildings Promoting Energy Savings for Businesses S igned by President Bush on August 8, 2005, the Energy Policy Act (EPACT) lays the foundation for the new Federal tax incentives for consumers and businesses that pursue energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy. For updated information about the tax incentives, see www.energy.gov. This web- site also describes other EPACT provisions of interest to businesses, including incen- tives for distributed generation and hybrid fuel fleet vehicles. Tax Deductions for Commercial Building Owners Commercial building owners and lessees who purchase and install energy-saving products in their businesses can qualify for a tax deduction under EPACT. Buildings must achieve a 50 percent reduction in

393

News | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

News News A variety of resources and news from BECP, states, and other news sources are available for anyone interested in learning more about building energy codes. This includes newsletters, articles, links and more. To receive BECP News and other updates from the Building Energy Codes Program via email, join our mailing list. Featured Codes News DOE Activities and Methodology for Assessing Compliance With Building Energy Codes RFI Mayors Urge Cities to Strengthen Energy Code AZ Legislature Preserves Local Control of Building Energy Efficiency Codes Washington State Home Builders Lead the Nation in Energy Code Compliance Mississippi Invests in Future Growth With Adoption of Best-in-Class Energy Efficiency Legislation Energy 2030 Report Calls for Stricter Energy Building Codes

394

Penetration of Convective Envelope into Stellar Core and Existence of Neutrino Loss  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the products of Penetration of Convective Envelope...convective mixing for any rate of the neutrino...superadiabaticity is determined Penetration of Convective Envelope...used.15> 459 the rate of Since the main...energy generation rate is sensitive to...smaller mass stars, penetration of convective envelope......

Ken'ichi Nomoto

1974-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Early Site Permit Demonstration Program, plant parameters envelopes: Comparison with ranges of values for four hypothetical sites. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this volume is to report the results of the comparison of the ALWR plan parameters envelope with values of site characteristics developed for our hypothetical sites that generally represent conditions encountered within the United States. This effort is not intended to identify or address the suitability of any existing site, site area, or region in the United States. Also included in this volume is Appendix F, SERCH Summaries Regarding Siting.

Not Available

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Building Technologies Office: Webinars  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Webinars Webinars Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Building Technologies Office: Webinars to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Webinars on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Webinars on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Webinars on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Webinars on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Webinars on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Webinars on AddThis.com... Popular Links Success Stories Previous Next Lighten Energy Loads with System Design. Warming Up to Pump Heat. Cut Refrigerator Energy Use to Save Money. Tools EnergyPlus Whole Building Simulation Program Building Energy Software Tools Directory High Performance Buildings Database

397

Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the US Department of Energy (DOE) is mandated by Congress to be the agency that collects, analyzes, and disseminates impartial, comprehensive data about energy including the volume consumed, its customers, and the purposes for which it is used. The Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey (FBSS) was conducted by EIA in conjunction with DOE`s Office of Federal Energy Management Programs (OFEMP) to gain a better understanding of how Federal buildings use energy. This report presents the data from 881 completed telephone interviews with Federal buildings in three Federal regions. These buildings were systematically selected using OFEMP`s specifications; therefore, these data do not statistically represent all Federal buildings in the country. The purpose of the FBSS was threefold: (1) to understand the characteristics of Federal buildings and their energy use; (2) to provide a baseline in these three Federal regions to measure future energy use in Federal buildings as required in EPACT; and (3) to compare building characteristics and energy use with the data collected in the CBECS.

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Innovations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Innovations Innovations Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Innovations to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Innovations on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Innovations on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Innovations on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Innovations on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Innovations on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Innovations on AddThis.com... Innovations Image comprised of Better Buildings terms, each term having a clickable area. The green terms are Communitywide Competition, Carrotmobs, Neighborhood Infrared Home Scans, and Energy Data Dashboards. The dark blue terms are Loans that Stay With the Property, Cash for Carbon, and Fast Financing Approval. The medium blue terms are Community Workforce Agreement, Equipment Loans for Businesses, and Rating Contractor Performance. The orange terms are University Partnership, Energy Advisors, and Neighborhood Sweeps. Clicking on each of these terms takes you to the appropriate explanatory area in the interactive graphic below, and all of the terms in this image are also included as links in the graphic below. cash for carbon energy data dashboards neighborhood sweeps rating contractor performance Fast financing approval Carrotmobs neighborhood infrared home scans community workforce agreement Loans that stay with the property Energy advisors equipment loans for businesses University partnership communitywide competition

399

Building and Buildings, Scotland: Draft Building Standards (Scotland) Regulations, 1961  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These regulations, made under the Building (Scotland) Act, 1959, prescribe standards for buildings for the purposes of Part II of that Act. The matters in relation to which standards have been prescribed are described in ...

Her Majesty's Stationary Office

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Quick service restaurant  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Full service restaurant  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

402

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Stand-alone retail  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

403

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

404

Building Design | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Design Design Building Design October 16, 2013 - 4:41pm Addthis Planning, Programming & Budgeting Building Design Project Construction Integrating renewable energy within Federal new construction or major renovations is critical at each phase of the design process. This overview covers considerations for renewable energy in the design phases of a construction project, including choosing the design team, the design team charrette, preliminary design, schematic design, design development, and construction documents. Information on this page introduces each of the design phases and provides a link to deeper-level information. Key Actions in Building Design Require specific renewable energy experience and skills for design team. Prioritize energy-related program

405

InfraMation 2009 Proceedings 2009-029 Schreyer Interactive Three-Dimensional Visualization of Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Building Envelope Systems Using Infrared Thermography and SketchUp Alexander C. Schreyer and Simi Hoque Google SketchUp. A variety of common application scenarios will be presented and examples called Google SketchUp. This software is a general-purpose 3D polygon-modeler (it considers surfaces only

Schweik, Charles M.

406

Experiences with a High-Fidelity Wireless Building Energy Auditing Network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experiences with a High-Fidelity Wireless Building Energy Auditing Network Xiaofan Jiang, Minh Van to determine and audit the energy envelope of an active labo- ratory. Classic WSN issues of coverage structuring principle is the un- derlying load tree, and a variety of techniques are described to disambiguate

Dutta, Prabal

407

Technology data characterizing space conditioning in commercial buildings: Application to end-use forecasting with COMMEND 4.0  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the US, energy consumption is increasing most rapidly in the commercial sector. Consequently, the commercial sector is becoming an increasingly important target for state and federal energy policies and also for utility-sponsored demand side management (DSM) programs. The rapid growth in commercial-sector energy consumption also makes it important for analysts working on energy policy and DSM issues to have access to energy end-use forecasting models that include more detailed representations of energy-using technologies in the commercial sector. These new forecasting models disaggregate energy consumption not only by fuel type, end use, and building type, but also by specific technology. The disaggregation of space conditioning end uses in terms of specific technologies is complicated by several factors. First, the number of configurations of heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems and heating and cooling plants is very large. Second, the properties of the building envelope are an integral part of a building`s HVAC energy consumption characteristics. Third, the characteristics of commercial buildings vary greatly by building type. The Electric Power Research Institute`s (EPRI`s) Commercial End-Use Planning System (COMMEND 4.0) and the associated data development presented in this report attempt to address the above complications and create a consistent forecasting framework. This report describes the process by which the authors collected space-conditioning technology data and then mapped it into the COMMEND 4.0 input format. The data are also generally applicable to other end-use forecasting frameworks for the commercial sector.

Sezgen, O.; Franconi, E.M.; Koomey, J.G.; Greenberg, S.E.; Afzal, A.; Shown, L.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

An Application of State-Of-The-Art HVAC and Building Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN APPLICATION OF STATE-OF-THE-ART HVAC AND BUILDING SYSTEMS DONALD P. FIORINO, M.S., P.E. Energy Conservation Manager Texas Instruments, Inc. Defense Systems and Electronics Group Dallas, Texas ABSTRACT This case study describes... the successful application of state-of-the-art HVAC and building systems at a large commercial office and industrial facility. The facility's exterior envelope systems, HVAC systems, lighting systems, energy conservation systems, exhaust/heat recovery...

Fiorino, D. P.

409

Expert Meeting Report: Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced Envelope Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing E. Levy, M. Mullens, E. Tompos, B. Kessler, and P. Rath ARIES Collaborative April 2012 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, subcontractors, or affiliated partners makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,

410

Community Wind: Once Again Pushing the Envelope of Project Finance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wind: Wind: Once Again Pushing the Envelope Once Again Pushing the Envelope of Project Finance ~ Report Summary ~ Download the full 28-page report from: Download the full 28 page report from: http://eetd.lbl.gov/EA/EMP/re-pubs.html M k B li Mark Bolinger Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Environmental Energy Technologies Division * Energy Analysis Department January 2011 Report Overview 1) Community Wind as a "Test Bed" for Innovation 2) Policy Changes Have Facilitated Financial Innovation 3) Recent Community Wind Projects Across the US Exemplify the Breadth of Innovation * Case studies of five projects in five states * Projects range in size from 4.5 MW to 25.3 MW * All selling power on the wholesale market (report does not cover behind-the-meter projects) 4) Common Observations and Lessons Learned

411

Expanded Content Envelope For The Model 9977 Packaging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An Addendum was written to the Model 9977 Safety Analysis Report for Packaging adding a new content consisting of DOE-STD-3013 stabilized plutonium dioxide materials to the authorized Model 9977 contents. The new Plutonium Oxide Content (PuO{sub 2}) Envelope will support the Department of Energy shipment of materials between Los Alamos National Laboratory and Savannah River Site facilities. The new content extended the current content envelope boundaries for radioactive material mass and for decay heat load and required a revision to the 9977 Certificate of Compliance prior to shipment. The Addendum documented how the new contents/configurations do not compromise the safety basis presented in the 9977 SARP Revision 2. The changes from the certified package baseline and the changes to the package required to safely transport this material is discussed.

Abramczyk, G. A.; Loftin, B. M.; Nathan, S. J.; Bellamy, J. S.

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

412

Building America Solution Center | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

America America Solution Center Building America Solution Center World-Class Research At Your Fingertips The Building America Solution Center provides residential building professionals with access to expert information on hundreds of high-performance design and construction topics, including air sealing and insulation, HVAC components, windows, indoor air quality, and much more. Explore the Building America Solution Center. The user-friendly interface delivers a variety of resources for each topic, including: Contracting documents and specifications Installation guidance Energy codes and labeling program compliance CAD drawings "Right and wrong" photographs Training videos Climate-specific case studies Technical reports. Users can access content in several ways, including the ENERGY STAR®

413

Exact N-envelope-soliton solutions of the Hirota equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss some properties of the soliton equations of the type, partial derivative u/partial derivative t = S [u, (u) over bar], where S is a nonlinear operator differential in x, and present the additivity theorems of the class of the soliton equations. On using the theorems, we can construct a new soliton equation through two soliton equations with similar properties. Meanwhile, exact N-envelope-soliton solutions of the Hirota equation are derived through the trace method.

Jian-Jun Shu

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

414

Commercial Building National Accounts | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Commercial Building National Accounts Commercial Building National Accounts Jump to: navigation, search National Accounts is part of DOE's Net-Zero Energy Commercial Building Initiative (CBI), which was mandated by the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA). EISA enabled DOE to bring together parties from the private sector, DOE national labs, other federal agencies and nongovernmental organizations to advance research into low- and zero-net-energy buildings. CBI's goal is to develop market-ready, net zero-energy commercial buildings by 2025. A net zero-energy building makes as much energy as it uses over a year[1] [2]. As of 2009, estimates indicated that retail and office buildings consume 18 percent of the nation's total energy and half of nation's overall building energy (including homes, schools, and other structures). The program

415

Home | Buildings Technology & Urban Systems Department  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lab Buildings & Urban Systems Buildings Lab Buildings & Urban Systems Buildings Technology & Urban Systems Department Search Search Home About Us Groups Tools & Guides Facilities Publications News Links Contact Us Staff The Building Technology and Urban Systems Department (BTUS) works closely with industry to develop technologies for buildings that increase energy efficiency, and improve the comfort, health, and safety of building occupants. Berkeley Lab Hosts 5 Emerging Leaders During TechWomen 2013 As part of TechWomen 2013, emerging leaders from around the world toured a number of scientific facilities in the Bay Area, including the Advanced Light Source at Berkeley Lab. Pho Read More The Retrocommissioning Sensor Suitcase Brings Energy Efficiency to Small Commercial Buildings The data module communicates wirelessly with the smart pad, which launches

416

Lifetime of the Embedded Phase of Low-Mass Star Formation and the Envelope Depletion Rates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Motivated by a considerable scatter in the observationally inferred lifetimes of the embedded phase of star formation, we study the duration of the Class 0 and Class I phases in upper-mass brown dwarfs and low-mass stars using numerical hydrodynamic simulations of the gravitational collapse of a large sample of cloud cores. We resolve the formation of a star/disk/envelope system and extend our numerical simulations to the late accretion phase when the envelope is nearly totally depleted of matter. We adopt the classification scheme of Andr et al. and calculate the lifetimes of the Class 0 and Class I phases (?C0 and ?CI, respectively) based on the mass remaining in the envelope. When cloud cores with various rotation rates, masses, and sizes (but identical otherwise) are considered, our modeling reveals a sub-linear correlation between the Class 0 lifetimes and stellar masses in the Class 0 phase with the least-squares fit exponent m = 0.8 0.05. The corresponding correlation between the Class I lifetimes and stellar masses in Class I is super-linear with m = 1.2 0.05. If a wider sample of cloud cores is considered, which includes possible variations in the initial gas temperature, cloud core truncation radii, density enhancement amplitudes, initial gas density and angular velocity profiles, and magnetic fields, then the corresponding exponents may decrease by as much as 0.3. The duration of the Class I phase is found to be longer than that of the Class 0 phase in most models, with a mean ratio ?CI/?C0? 1.5-2. A notable exception are young stellar objects that form from cloud cores with large initial density enhancements, in which case ?C0 may be greater than ?CI. Moreover, the upper-mass (1.0 M ?) cloud cores with frozen-in magnetic fields and high cloud core rotation rates may have the ?CI/?C0 ratios as large as 3.0-4.0. We calculate the rate of mass accretion from the envelope onto the star/disk system and provide an approximation formula that can be used in semi-analytic models of cloud core collapse.

Eduard I. Vorobyov

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Demand Response Quick Assessment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool Demand response quick assessment tool image The opportunities for demand reduction and cost savings with building demand responsive controls vary tremendously with building type and location. This assessment tool will predict the energy and demand savings, the economic savings, and the thermal comfort impact for various demand responsive strategies. Users of the tool will be asked to enter the basic building information such as types, square footage, building envelope, orientation, utility schedule, etc. The assessment tool will then use the prototypical simulation models to calculate the energy and demand reduction potential under certain demand responsive strategies, such as precooling, zonal temperature set up, and chilled water loop and air loop set points

418

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: ArchiWIZARD  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ArchiWIZARD ArchiWIZARD ArchiWIZARD logo Thermal calculation software performs hourly simulations of buildings to provide mechanical, energy, and architectural engineers or architects with accurate estimates of a building's energy needs and input and output data structures tailored to facilitate architects', engineers', and design department work. The output comprises the yearly and hourly heat balance calculation (solar energy gains, thermal performance of the building's envelope, domestic hot water needs, production of solar thermal installations), energy performance analysis, and hourly and mean temperatures in the thermal zones). CAD building files (DWG, SKP, obj, ATL) can be imported to the calculations. Dynamic importation can be made between ArchiWIZARD and Revit, Sketchup, ArchiCAD and Allplan.

419

RDI's Wisdom Way Solar Village Final Report: Includes Utility Bill Analysis of Occupied Homes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2010, Rural Development, Inc. (RDI) completed construction of Wisdom Way Solar Village (WWSV), a community of ten duplexes (20 homes) in Greenfield, MA. RDI was committed to very low energy use from the beginning of the design process throughout construction. Key features include: 1. Careful site plan so that all homes have solar access (for active and passive); 2. Cellulose insulation providing R-40 walls, R-50 ceiling, and R-40 floors; 3. Triple-pane windows; 4. Airtight construction (~0.1 CFM50/ft2 enclosure area); 5. Solar water heating systems with tankless, gas, auxiliary heaters; 6. PV systems (2.8 or 3.4kWSTC); 7. 2-4 bedrooms, 1,100-1,700 ft2. The design heating loads in the homes were so small that each home is heated with a single, sealed-combustion, natural gas room heater. The cost savings from the simple HVAC systems made possible the tremendous investments in the homes' envelopes. The Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) monitored temperatures and comfort in several homes during the winter of 2009-2010. In the Spring of 2011, CARB obtained utility bill information from 13 occupied homes. Because of efficient lights, appliances, and conscientious home occupants, the energy generated by the solar electric systems exceeded the electric energy used in most homes. Most homes, in fact, had a net credit from the electric utility over the course of a year. On the natural gas side, total gas costs averaged $377 per year (for heating, water heating, cooking, and clothes drying). Total energy costs were even less - $337 per year, including all utility fees. The highest annual energy bill for any home evaluated was $458; the lowest was $171.

Robb Aldrich, Steven Winter Associates

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Energy assessment of office buildings in China using China building energy codes and LEED 2.2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract China building energy codes (CBEC) have been introduced for over two decades but little has been publicized in literature. LEED on the contrary is the most publicized building environmental assessment scheme. To enable better understanding of the compliance standards of CBEC, this paper presents the energy performance assessment results (represented by energy and energy cost savings) of three office buildings in China (one in Beijing and two in Shanghai) using the current versions of CBEC and LEED. The energy and energy cost savings of the three buildings were predicted based on hour-by-hour simulations using the weather data and energy tariffs of Beijing and Shanghai where the three studied buildings are located, and their actual building and system characteristics. The study revealed that LEED in general sets more stringent requirements than CBEC in indoor design conditions, building envelope characteristics and air-conditioning system features. Amongst various building end uses, energy use for air-conditioning was found dominating the assessment results, and the use of energy efficient measures not forming part of the baseline criteria, could lead to 2 to 5% reduction in the overall building energy use. The two schemes were benchmarked against BEAM Plus and their weaknesses were also unveiled.

Hua Chen; W.L. Lee; Xiaolin Wang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Commercial Buildings Integration Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buildings Buildings Integration Program Arah Schuur Program Manager arah.schuur@ee.doe.gov April 2, 2013 Building Technologies Office Program Peer Review 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Vision Commercial buildings are constructed, operated, renovated and transacted with energy performance in mind and net zero ready commercial buildings are common and cost-effective. Commercial Buildings Integration Program Mission Accelerate voluntary uptake of significant energy performance improvements in existing and new commercial buildings. 3 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov BTO Goals: BTO supports the development and deployment of technologies and systems to reduce

422

Home | Better Buildings Workforce  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Better Buildings Logo Better Buildings Logo EERE Home | Programs & Offices | Consumer Information Search form Search Search Better Buildings Logo Better Buildings Workforce Home Framework Resources Projects Participate Home Framework Resources Projects Better Buildings Workforce Guidelines Buildings Re-tuning Training ANSI Energy Efficiency Standards Collaborative Energy Performance-Based Acquisition Training Participate For a detailed project overview, download the Better Buildings Workforce Guidelines Fact Sheet Home The Better Buildings Initiative is a broad, multi-strategy initiative to make commercial and industrial buildings 20% more energy efficient over the next 10 years. DOE is currently pursuing strategies across five pillars to catalyze change and accelerate private sector investment in energy

423

City of Denver - Green Building Requirement for City-Owned Buildings |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Denver - Green Building Requirement for City-Owned Denver - Green Building Requirement for City-Owned Buildings City of Denver - Green Building Requirement for City-Owned Buildings < Back Eligibility Local Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Water Heating Wind Program Info State Colorado Program Type Energy Standards for Public Buildings Provider Greenprint Denver Executive Order 123, signed in October 2007, established the Greenprint Denver Office and the Sustainability Policy for the city. The Sustainability Policy includes several goals and requirements meant to increase the sustainability of Denver by having the city government lead by

424

California commercial building energy benchmarking  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Building energy benchmarking is the comparison of whole-building energy use relative to a set of similar buildings. It provides a useful starting point for individual energy audits and for targeting buildings for energy-saving measures in multiple-site audits. Benchmarking is of interest and practical use to a number of groups. Energy service companies and performance contractors communicate energy savings potential with ''typical'' and ''best-practice'' benchmarks while control companies and utilities can provide direct tracking of energy use and combine data from multiple buildings. Benchmarking is also useful in the design stage of a new building or retrofit to determine if a design is relatively efficient. Energy managers and building owners have an ongoing interest in comparing energy performance to others. Large corporations, schools, and government agencies with numerous facilities also use benchmarking methods to compare their buildings to each other. The primary goal of Task 2.1.1 Web-based Benchmarking was the development of a web-based benchmarking tool, dubbed Cal-Arch, for benchmarking energy use in California commercial buildings. While there were several other benchmarking tools available to California consumers prior to the development of Cal-Arch, there were none that were based solely on California data. Most available benchmarking information, including the Energy Star performance rating, were developed using DOE's Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), which does not provide state-level data. Each database and tool has advantages as well as limitations, such as the number of buildings and the coverage by type, climate regions and end uses. There is considerable commercial interest in benchmarking because it provides an inexpensive method of screening buildings for tune-ups and retrofits. However, private companies who collect and manage consumption data are concerned that the identities of building owners might be revealed and hence are reluctant to share their data. The California Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS), the primary source of data for Cal-Arch, is a unique source of information on commercial buildings in California. It has not been made public; however, it was made available by CEC to LBNL for the purpose of developing a public benchmarking tool.

Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

NREL/OAS-Regional Building Efficiency Workshop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL/OAS-Regional Building Efficiency Workshop NREL/OAS-Regional Building Efficiency Workshop < NREL Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: NREL/OAS-Regional Building Efficiency Workshop Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Organization of American States (OAS) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings, Buildings - Commercial, Buildings - Residential, Water Conservation Resource Type: Presentation, Training materials, Online calculator Website: www.nrel.gov/international/ Language: English References: NREL/OAS-Regional Building Efficiency Workshop[1] "NREL/OAS staff held a regional four-day training workshop to provide selected personnel with detailed knowledge of how to conduct a building efficiency audit. Topics covered included lighting, water conservation,

426

City of Boulder - Green Points Building Program | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

City of Boulder - Green Points Building Program City of Boulder - Green Points Building Program City of Boulder - Green Points Building Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Other Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Program Info State Colorado Program Type Building Energy Code Provider City of Boulder The Boulder Green Points Building Program is a mandatory residential green building program that requires a builder or homeowner to include a variety of sustainable building components based on the size of the proposed structure. Similar to the US Green Building Council's LEED program, the

427

Buildings without energy bills  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In European Union member states, by 31 december 2020, all new buildings shall be nearly zero-energy consumption building. For new buildings occupied and owned by public authorities this shall comply by 31 december 2018. The buildings sectors represents ... Keywords: energy efficiency, low energy buildings, passive houses design, sustainable development

Ruxandra Crutescu

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Academic Buildings Student & Admin.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Academic Buildings Student & Admin. Services Residence Public Parking Permit Parking GatheringCampusRoad Shrum Science Centre South Sciences Building Technology & Science Complex 2 Greenhouses Science Research AnnexBee Research BuildingAlcan Aquatic Research Technology & Science Complex 1 C Building B Building P

429

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Building Size  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Size of Buildings Size of Buildings Size of Buildings The 1999 CBECS estimated that 2,348,000 commercial buildings, or just over half (50.4 percent) of total buildings, were found in the smallest building size category (1,001 to 5,000 square feet) (Figure 1). Only 7,000 buildings occupied the largest size category (over 500,000 square feet). Detailed tables Figure 1. Distribution of Buildings by Size of Building, 1999 Figure 1. Distribution of Buildings by Size of Building, 1999. If having trouble viewing this page, please contact the National Energy Information Center at (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey The middle size categories (10,001 to 100,000 square feet) had relatively more floorspace per category than smaller or larger size categories (Figure 2). The greatest amount of floorspace, about 11,153,000 square feet (or 17 percent of total floorspace) was found in the 10,001 to 25,000 square feet category. Figure 2. Distribution of Floorspace by Size of Building, 1999

430

On the central symmetry of the circumstellar envelope of RS Cnc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a phenomenological study of CO(1-0) and CO(2-1) emission from the circumstellar envelope (CSE) of the Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) star RS\\,Cnc. It reveals departures from central symmetry that turn out to be efficient tools for the exploration of some of the CSE properties. We use a wind model including a bipolar flow with a typical wind velocity of $\\sim$8 km\\,s$^{-1}$ decreasing to $\\sim$2 km\\,s$^{-1}$ near the equator to describe Doppler velocity spectral maps obtained by merging data collected at the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer and Pico Veleta single dish radio telescope. Parameters describing the wind morphology and kinematics are obtained, together with the radial dependence of the gas temperature in the domain of the circumstellar envelope probed by the CO observations. Significant north-south central asymmetries are revealed by the analysis, which we quantify using a simple phenomenological description. The origin of such asymmetries is unclear.

Nhung, Pham Tuyet; Winters, Jan Martin; Darriulat, Pierre; Grard, Eric; Bertre, Thibaut Le

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

NREL: Technology Deployment - Building Energy Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building Energy Systems Building Energy Systems NREL experts develop comprehensive energy assessments, models, and tools to optimize building systems across energy efficiency and renewable energy while also improving occupant comfort, safety, and productivity. Northeast Denver Housing Center Northeast Denver Housing Center NREL Identifies PV for 28 Affordable Housing Units Boulder County Housing Authority Boulder County Housing Authority NREL Recommendations Lead to 153 Net Zero Energy Residences Expertise and Knowledge NREL offers technical assistance and project development support by working closely with industry partners to research, develop, and deploy advanced building technologies. Examples include: Building Energy Audits and Assessments NREL provides technical assistance, guidelines, checklists, and data

432

Federal Requirements for Sustainable Buildings by Topic | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Topic Topic Federal Requirements for Sustainable Buildings by Topic October 4, 2013 - 4:46pm Addthis For sustainable buildings at Federal agencies, the laws and regulations required for compliance fall under the following topics. Also see Federal Requirements for Sustainable Buildings by Law and Regulation and Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance and Sustainable Buildings. Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reduction GHG reduction requirements for sustainable buildings include: Decreasing agency use of chemicals where such decrease will assist the agency in achieving GHG reduction targets Reducing water and energy use intensity. Also see information on GHG Mitigation Planning for Buildings. Water Use Intensity Water use intensity requirements for sustainable buildings include:

433

Commercial Reference Building: Stand-alone Retail | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stand-alone Retail Stand-alone Retail Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Stand-alone Retail for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

434

Commercial Reference Building: Large Office | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Office Office Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Large office for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

435

Commercial Reference Building: Quick Service Restaurant | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Quick Service Restaurant Quick Service Restaurant Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Quick Service Restaurant for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

436

Commercial Reference Building: Midrise Apartment | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Midrise Apartment Midrise Apartment Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Midrise Apartment, for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

437

Commercial Reference Building: Strip Mall | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strip Mall Strip Mall Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Strip Mall for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

438

Commercial Reference Building: Primary School | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Primary School Primary School Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Primary School for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for the three categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

439

Commercial Reference Building: Secondary School | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Secondary School Secondary School Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Secondary School for each of the 16 climate zones,and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

440

Commercial Reference Building: Full Service Restaurant | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Full Service Restaurant Full Service Restaurant Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Full-Service Restaurant for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Commercial Reference Building: Large Hotel | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hotel Hotel Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Large Hotel for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

442

Commercial Reference Building: Outpatient Health Care | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Outpatient Health Care Outpatient Health Care Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Outpatient Health Care for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

443

Research & Development Needs for Building-Integrated Solar Technologies  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Building Integrated Solar Technologies (BIST) can help achieve the Building Technologies Office goal of reducing energy consumption in residential and commercial buildings by 50% by the year 2030. BIST include technologies for space heating and cooling, water heating, hybrid photovoltaic-thermal systems (PV/T), active solar lighting, and building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV).

444

Alabama State Certification of Commercial Building Codes | Building Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Building Codes Commercial Building Codes In response to the U.S. Department of Energy's July 20, 2011 notice of determination in the Federal Register regarding ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2007, Alabama certifies that it has reviewed and adopted the provisions of its Alabama Energy and Residential Code to include the requirement for non-state-funded buildings to comply with the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code, and by reference ASHRAE 90.1-2007. Publication Date: Wednesday, May 15, 2013 Alabama Commercial Certification.pdf Document Details Last Name: Adams Initials: TL Affiliation: Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs Focus: Adoption Building Type: Commercial Code Referenced: ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 2009 IECC Document type: State-specific Target Audience:

445

Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Subscribe to Building Subscribe to Building America Updates to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance

446

Comparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: Building Loads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: BuildingComparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: Buildingof comparing three Building Energy Modeling Programs (BEMPs)

Zhu, Dandan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Building America Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning Strategies for Multifamily Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The webinar focused on improving the performance of central space conditioning systems in multifamily buildings, including hydronic heating strategies and the evaluation of thermostatically controlled radiator valves (TRVs).

448

Office Buildings - Full Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Office Buildings - Full Report Office Buildings - Full Report file:///C|/mydocs/CBECS2003/PBA%20report/office%20report/office_pdf.html[9/24/2010 3:33:25 PM] Although no one building type dominates the commercial buildings sector, office buildings are the most common and account for more than 800,000 buildings or 17 percent of total commercial buildings. Offices comprised more than 12 billion square feet of floorspace, 17 percent of total commercial floorspace, the most of any building type. Types of Office Buildings The 2003 CBECS Detailed Tables present data for office buildings along with other principal building activities (see Detailed Tables B13 and B14, for example). Since office buildings comprise a wide range of office-related activities, survey respondents were presented with a

449

Building Technologies Research and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building Technologies Research and Integration Center Breaking new ground in energy efficiency #12;Building Technologies Research To enjoy a sustainable energy and environmental future, America must these enormous challenges. Today, through the Building Technologies and Research Integration Center (BTRIC

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

450

Building Performance Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

low energy buildings, with site EUI of 40 or lowerbuildings in the US (EUI of 90 kBtu/ft). Thisthe bubble represents the EUI. These buildings were

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Building a Molecule Building Structures in Moe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

14 Chapter 3 Building a Molecule #12;15 Building Structures in Moe Dorzolamide Exercise 1 #12;16 Open the Molecule Builder · Open the Molecule Builder panel using MOE | Edit | Build | Molecule, the chiral center will be either R or S, and one of the two will be highlighted in green. The green

Fischer, Wolfgang

452

Commercial Building Asset Rating Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 eere.energy.gov 1 eere.energy.gov Commercial Building Asset Rating Program August 23, 2011 12 p.m. ET, 9 a.m. PT Presenter: Cody Taylor PRE-DECISIONAL Information included in this document is for discussion purposes and does not constitute the final program design. FOR INFORMATION ONLY 2 eere.energy.gov Outline * Goals * Scope & schedule * Guiding principles * Program design issues - Metrics - Rating method - Rating scale - Opportunities for efficiency improvement - Quality assurance Please submit clarifying questions during today's webinar via the Q&A function of Live Meeting. 3 eere.energy.gov National Building Rating Program Goals * Facilitate cost-effective investment in energy efficiency and reduce energy use in the commercial building sector * Establish a national standard for voluntary commercial building asset rating

453

Building Technologies Office Overview  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Roland Risser Roland Risser Director, Building Technologies Office Building Technologies Office Energy Efficiency Starts Here. 2 Building Technologies Office Integrated Approach: Improving Building Performance Research & Development Developing High Impact Technologies Standards & Codes Locking in the Savings Market Stimulation Accelerating Tech-to- Market 3 Building Technologies Office Goal: Reduce building energy use by 50% (compared to a 2010 baseline) 4 Building Technologies Office Working to Overcome Challenges Information Access * Develop building performance tools, techniques, and success stories, such as case studies * Form market partnerships and programs to share best practices * Solution Centers * Certify the workforce to ensure quality work

454

Building Technologies Office: Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources to someone by Resources to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Resources on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Resources on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Resources on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Resources on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Resources on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Resources on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Challenge Home Partner Log In Become a Partner Criteria Partner Locator Resources Housing Innovation Awards Events Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Technology Research, Standards, & Codes

455

Building Performance Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LEEDNCCertifiedBuildings (courtesyNewBuildingInstitute) Figure3MeasuredEnergyUseIntensitiesofBig?BoxRetailsinUSandCanada(

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

GSA Building Energy Strategy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Rapid Building Assessments Green Button 12 Remote Building Analytics Platform First Fuel Dashboard 13 Data Center Ronald Reagan Detail Summary First Fuel Analysis 14...

457

Building America Case Study: Boiler Control Replacement for Hydronical...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

and nighttime setback. In one building, the new controller included a feature to reduce heat when included apartment temperatures exceeded a set point. This Web-enabled system...

458

Solar buildings. Overview: The Solar Buildings Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Buildings account for more than one third of the energy used in the United States each year, consuming vast amounts of electricity, natural gas, and fuel oil. Given this level of consumption, the buildings sector is rife with opportunity for alternative energy technologies. The US Department of Energy`s Solar Buildings Program was established to take advantage of this opportunity. The Solar Buildings Program is engaged in research, development, and deployment on solar thermal technologies, which use solar energy to produce heat. The Program focuses on technologies that have the potential to produce economically competitive energy for the buildings sector.

Not Available

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Building Commercial Building Codes and Standards to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities Partner with DOE Commercial Buildings Resource Database Research & Development Codes & Standards Popular Commercial Links

460

Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building America 2013 Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "including building envelope" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Community Wind: Once Again Pushing the Envelope of Project Finance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the United States, the 'community wind' sector - loosely defined here as consisting of relatively small utility-scale wind power projects that sell power on the wholesale market and that are developed and owned primarily by local investors - has historically served as a 'test bed' or 'proving grounds' for up-and-coming wind turbine manufacturers that are trying to break into the U.S. wind power market. For example, community wind projects - and primarily those located in the state of Minnesota - have deployed the first U.S. installations of wind turbines from Suzlon (in 2003), DeWind (2008), Americas Wind Energy (2008) and later Emergya Wind Technologies (2010), Goldwind (2009), AAER/Pioneer (2009), Nordic Windpower (2010), Unison (2010), and Alstom (2011). Thus far, one of these turbine manufacturers - Suzlon - has subsequently achieved some success in the broader U.S. wind market as well. Just as it has provided a proving grounds for new turbines, so too has the community wind sector served as a laboratory for experimentation with innovative new financing structures. For example, a variation of one of the most common financing arrangements in the U.S. wind market today - the special allocation partnership flip structure (see Figure 1 in Section 2.1) - was first developed by community wind projects in Minnesota more than a decade ago (and is therefore sometimes referred to as the 'Minnesota flip' model) before being adopted by the broader wind market. More recently, a handful of community wind projects built over the past year have been financed via new and creative structures that push the envelope of wind project finance in the U.S. - in many cases, moving beyond the now-standard partnership flip structures involving strategic tax equity investors. These include: (1) a 4.5 MW project in Maine that combines low-cost government debt with local tax equity, (2) a 25.3 MW project in Minnesota using a sale/leaseback structure, (3) a 10.5 MW project in South Dakota financed by an intrastate offering of both debt and equity, (4) a 6 MW project in Washington state that taps into New Markets Tax Credits using an 'inverted' or 'pass-through' lease structure, and (5) a 9 MW project in Oregon that combines a variety of state and federal incentives and loans with unconventional equity from high-net-worth individuals. In most cases, these are first-of-their-kind structures that could serve as useful examples for other projects - both community and commercial wind alike. This report describes each of these innovative new financing structures in some detail, using a case-study approach. The purpose is twofold: (1) to disseminate useful information on these new financial structures, most of which are widely replicable; and (2) to highlight the recent policy changes - many of them temporary unless extended - that have facilitated this innovation. Although the community wind market is currently only a small sub-sector of the U.S. wind market - as defined here, less than 2% of the overall market at the end of 2009 (Wiser and Bolinger 2010) - its small size belies its relevance to the broader market. As such, the information provided in this report has relevance beyond its direct application to the community wind sector. The next two sections of this report briefly summarize how most community wind projects in the U.S. have been financed historically (i.e., prior to this latest wave of innovation) and describe the recent federal policy changes that have enabled a new wave of financial innovation to occur, respectively. Section 4 contains brief case studies of how each of the five projects mentioned above were financed, noting the financial significance of each. Finally, Section 5 concludes by distilling a number of general observations or pertinent lessons learned from the experiences of these five projects.

bolinger, Mark A.

2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

462

Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Meetings Meetings Photo of people watching a presentation on a screen; the foreground shows a person's hands taking notes on a notepad. The Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program hosts open meetings and webinars for industry partners and stakeholders that provide a forum to exchange information about various aspects of residential building research. Upcoming Meetings Past Technical and Stakeholder Meetings Webinars Expert Meetings Upcoming Meetings There are no Building America meetings scheduled at this time. Please subscribe to Building America news and updates to receive notification of future meetings. Past Technical and Stakeholder Meetings Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting: April 2013 This meeting showcased world-class building science research for high performance homes in a dynamic new format. Researchers from Building America teams and national laboratories presented on key issues that must be resolved to deliver homes that reduce whole house energy use by 30%-50%. View the presentations.

463

Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program logo. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program logo. The Better Buildings Neighborhood Program is helping over 40 competitively selected state and local governments develop sustainable programs to upgrade the energy efficiency of more than 100,000 buildings. These leading communities are using innovation and investment in energy efficiency to expand the building improvement industry, test program delivery business models, and create jobs. New Materials and Resources January 2014 Read the January issue of the Better Buildings Network View See the new story about Austin Energy Read the new Focus Series with Chicago's EI2 See the new webcast Read the latest DOE blog posts Get Inspired! Hear why Better Buildings partners are excited to bring the benefits of energy upgrades to their neighborhoods.

464

Building Green in Greensburg: Business Incubator Building  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Business Incubator Building Business Incubator Building Completed in May 2009, the SunChips ® Business Incubator building not only achieved the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED ® ) Platinum status with greater than 50% energy savings-it became the first LEED Platinum certified municipal building in Kansas. The 9,580-square-foot building features five street-level retail shops and nine second-level professional service offices. It provides an affordable, temporary home where businesses can grow over a period of several years before moving out on their own to make way for new start-up businesses. The building was funded by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Frito-Lay SunChips division, and actor Leonardo DiCaprio.

465

Office Buildings - Full Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PDF PDF Office Buildings Although no one building type dominates the commercial buildings sector, office buildings are the most common and account for more than 800,000 buildings or 17 percent of total commercial buildings. Offices comprised more than 12 billion square feet of floorspace, 17 percent of total commercial floorspace, the most of any building type. Types of Office Buildings The 2003 CBECS Detailed Tables present data for office buildings along with other principal building activities (see Detailed Tables B13 and B14, for example). Since office buildings comprise a wide range of office-related activities, survey respondents were presented with a follow-up list of specific office types to choose from. Although we have not presented the office sub-category information in the detailed tables we make information

466

Office Buildings - Energy Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Consumption Energy Consumption Office buildings consumed more than 17 percent of the total energy used by the commercial buildings sector (Table 4). At least half of total energy, electricity, and natural gas consumed by office buildings was consumed by administrative or professional office buildings (Figure 2). Table 4. Energy Consumed by Office Buildings for Major Fuels, 2003 All Buildings Total Energy Consumption (trillion Btu) Number of Buildings (thousand) Total Floorspace (million sq. ft.) Sum of Major Fuels Electricity Natural Gas Fuel Oil District Heat All Buildings 4,859 71,658 6,523 3,559 2,100 228 636 All Non-Mall Buildings 4,645 64,783 5,820 3,037 1,928 222 634 All Office Buildings 824 12,208 1,134 719 269 18 128 Type of Office Building

467

Whole Building Design Approach | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Design Approach Design Approach Whole Building Design Approach October 16, 2013 - 5:17pm Addthis Picture of a Spanish-style building with xeriscape, including palm trees. Camp Pendleton's temporary lodging facility was constructed from 20% recycled materials and will be 100% recyclable upon its distant demolition. The four-story South Mesa Lodge also received one of the U.S. Green Building Council's highest energy efficiency ratings, saving more than 30% percent of water, lighting, and overall utility usage. As defined by the Whole Building Design Guide, the goal of whole building design is to create a successful high-performance building by applying an integrated design and team approach to the project during the planning and programming phases. Whole building design has proven to help:

468

Building America Analysis Spreadsheets | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

America Analysis Spreadsheets America Analysis Spreadsheets Building America Analysis Spreadsheets The Building America Analysis Spreadsheets are companions to the House Simulation Protocols, and can assist with many of the calculations and look-up tables found in the report. The spreadsheets provide the set of standard operating conditions-including hourly and monthly profiles for occupancy, lighting, appliances, and miscellaneous electric loads (MELs)-developed by Building America to objectively compare energy use before and after a retrofit, and against a Benchmark new construction building. Building America analysts may also find the spreadsheets useful for documenting and comparing building characteristics for the Building America projects (pre-retrofit vs. post-retrofit, or new construction test

469

Critical core mass for enriched envelopes: the role of H2O condensation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context. Within the core accretion scenario of planetary formation, most simulations performed so far always assume the accreting envelope to have a solar composition. From the study of meteorite showers on Earth and numerical simulations, we know that planetesimals must undergo thermal ablation and disruption when crossing a protoplanetary envelope. Once the protoplanet has acquired an atmosphere, the primordial envelope gets enriched in volatiles and silicates from the planetesimals. This change of envelope composition during the formation can have a significant effect in the final atmospheric composition and on the formation timescale of giant planets. Aims. To investigate the physical implications of considering the envelope enrichment of protoplanets due to the disruption of icy planetesimals during their way to the core. Particular focus is placed on the effect on the critical core mass for envelopes where condensation of water can occur. Methods. Internal structure models are numerically solved with th...

Venturini, J; Benz, W; Ikoma, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Energy Information Administration (EIA)- Commercial Buildings Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2003 CBECS Survey Data 2003 | 1999 | 1995 | 1992 | Previous 2003 CBECS Survey Data 2003 | 1999 | 1995 | 1992 | Previous Building Characteristics Consumption & Expenditures Microdata Methodology Building Characteristics In the 2003 CBECS, the survey procedures for strip shopping centers and enclosed malls ("mall buildings") were changed from those used in previous surveys, and, as a result, mall buildings are now excluded from most of the 2003 CBECS tables. Therefore, some data in the majority of the tables are not directly comparable with previous CBECS tables, all of which included mall buildings. Some numbers in the 2003 tables will be slightly lower than earlier surveys since the 2003 figures do not include mall buildings. See "Change in Data Collection Procedures for Malls" for a more detailed

471

Distributed Intelligent Automated Demand Response (DIADR) Building  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Distributed Intelligent Automated Demand Distributed Intelligent Automated Demand Response (DIADR) Building Management Sys