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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Fracture Modeling of Crack Propagation in Wood and Wood Composites Including Crack Tip Processes and Fiber Bridging Mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Fracture Modeling of Crack Propagation in Wood and Wood Composites Including Crack Tip Processes and Fiber Bridging Mechanics J. A. Nairn, N. Matsumoto Wood Science & Engineering, Oregon State University wood and wood composites develop process zones often consisting of fibers bridging the crack surfaces

Nairn, John A.

2

NUMERICAL MODELING OF DEFORMATION AND FRACTURE OF WOOD INCLUDING HETEROGENEITY AND ANISOTROPY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NUMERICAL MODELING OF DEFORMATION AND FRACTURE OF WOOD INCLUDING HETEROGENEITY AND ANISOTROPY John A. Nairn Wood Science & Engineering, Oregon State University, USA Abstract The challenge in numerical modeling of wood is to have the model closely match the structure of a real specimen. The model

Nairn, John A.

3

Generating power with waste wood  

SciTech Connect

Among the biomass renewables, waste wood has great potential with environmental and economic benefits highlighting its resume. The topics of this article include alternate waste wood fuel streams; combustion benefits; waste wood comparisons; waste wood ash; pilot scale tests; full-scale test data; permitting difficulties; and future needs.

Atkins, R.S.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Table 3.6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Table 3.6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2010; Table 3.6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Selected NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Trillion Btu. Wood Residues and Wood-Related Pulping Liquor Wood Byproducts and NAICS or Biomass Agricultural Harvested Directly from Mill Paper-Related Code(a) Subsector and Industry Black Liquor Total(b) Waste(c) from Trees(d) Processing(e) Refuse(f) Total United States 311 Food 0 44 43 * * 1 311221 Wet Corn Milling 0 1 1 0 0 0 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 0 1 0 0 1 0 321 Wood Products 0 218 * 13 199 6 321113 Sawmills 0 100 * 5 94 1 3212 Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Woods 0 95 * 6 87 2 321219 Reconstituted Wood Products 0 52 0 6 46 1 3219 Other Wood Products

5

1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W Department of Entomology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Wood Borer -- WB-XX-W WB-04-W Department of Entomology America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers BLACK living trees. The wood- boring larvae cause structural damage that may make the trees susceptible). (Photo credit: Stanislaw Kinelski, Bugwood.org) #12;1-888-EXT-INFO · www.extension.purdue.edu 2Wood Borer

Ginzel, Matthew

6

Structure-Infesting Wood-Boring Beetles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

everal kinds of beetles damage stored wood, structural timbers and other wood products. The tunneling activities E-394 03/06 Structure-Infesting Wood-Boring Beetles John A. Jackman* S *Professor and Extension Entomologist, The Texas A... at these locations. Other signs of an infestation include stained wood or a blistering appearance on the wood surface caused by larvae tunneling just below the surface. Less commonly, immature beetles produce audible rasping or ticking sounds while chewing...

Jackman, John A.

2006-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

7

1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Wood Borer -- WB-XX-W WB-01-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers Department of Entomology OAK. Ferris, Entomologists This metallic wood-boring beetle (Family Bupresti- dae) primarily attacks oaks. Oak wood- borers. Distribution: The native geographical range of this beetle includes parts of Asia, Africa

Ginzel, Matthew

8

Wood Dusts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The processing of wood is common in many types of work, and generates wood dust that has been associated with acute and chronic health effects. Workers exposed to wood dust may have adverse health effects such as upper and lower respiratory symptoms, decreased lung function, asthma, contact and allergic dermatitis, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and sinonasal and nasopharyngeal cancer. This article is a revision of the previous edition article by Alan J. Weinrich and Paul Demers, volume 4, pp 464Ė467, © 2005, Elsevier Inc.

P.A. Demers; A.J. Weinrich

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

WoodChemistry Wood Degradation & Preservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

31 WoodChemistry Wood Degradation & Preservation Chemical Utilization of Wood Pulp & Paper and carbohydrates is of considerable interest in connection with a number of issues in wood chemistry, such as the reactions taking place during the formation of wood, the natural molecular weight distribution of lignin

Geldenhuys, Jaco

10

A unified approach to creep of wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article A unified approach to creep of wood D. G. Hunt School of Engineering Systems...the most important mechanical property of wood is its resistance to deflection, including...logically, to a new way of characterizing wood creep, namely, plotting data in the form...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Wood biology We present investigations of wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood biology We present investigations of wood formation which started in 1999. Samples for investigations are taken from living trees. Processes of wood formation are affected by different factors like temperature and precipitation. #12;We use light microscopy to study cell wall formation in the wood. Double

Cufar, Katarina

12

Wood Curriculum vitae 1 ERIC MATTHEW WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood ­ Curriculum vitae 1 ERIC MATTHEW WOOD Spatial Analysis for Conservation and Department/17/2014 Postdoctoral Research Associate, University of Wisconsin-Madison PUBLICATIONS Wood, E. M., A. M. Pidgeon, V. C community structure in U.S protected areas. Ecological Applications in press Wood, E. M., and A. M. Pidgeon

Mladenoff, David

13

FRACTURE TOUGHNESS OF WOOD AND WOOD COMPOSITES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FRACTURE TOUGHNESS OF WOOD AND WOOD COMPOSITES DURING CRACK PROPAGATION Noah Matsumoto Structural, USA * Corresponding author: John.Nairn@oregonstate.edu SWST member #12;Fracture Toughness of Wood and Wood Composites During Crack Propagation ABSTRACT The mode I fracture toughness as a function of crack

Nairn, John A.

14

TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SCOTLAND'S TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS #12;2 SCOTLAND'S TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS2 #12;SCOTLAND'S TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS 3 CONTENTS CHAPTER 1 SCOTLAND'S FORESTS CHAPTER 2 FORESTS FOR PEOPLE CHAPTER 3 FORESTS SCOTLAND'S TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS #12;4 SCOTLAND'S TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS4 This booklet is written

15

Wood Quality: The Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Quality: The Effects of Planting Density and Thinning Eini C. Lowell PNW Research Station wood quality? By volume, characteristic, product? #12;http://jilldenton.files.wordpress.com/2007, faster #12;What is it that defines wood quality?What is it that defines wood quality? Density: earlywood

16

Wood Resources International  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Resources International Wood Raw Material Consumption on the Rise Despite Weak Global Economy UNECE Timber Committee Meeting October 7-8, 2003 Geneva, Switzerland Håkan Ekström Wood Resources International #12;Wood Resources International Outline · Roundwood Removals · Roundwood Consumption · Raw

17

Solvolytic liquefaction of wood under mild conditions  

SciTech Connect

Conversion of wood to liquid products requires cleavage of bonds which crosslink the wood structure. This study examines a low-severity wood solubilization process utilizing a solvent medium consisting of a small amount of sulfuric acid and a potentially wood-derivable alcohol. In one half hour of reaction time at 250/sup 0/C under 15 psia starting nitrogen pressure, over 95% of the wood (maf) was rendered acetone-soluble. The product is a soft, black, bitumen-like solid at room temperature but readily softens at 140/sup 0/C. Between 25 and 50% of the original wood oxygen, depending on alcohol used, was removed as water. Approximately 2 to 17% of the alcohols were retained in the product. Gel permeation chromatography showed that the product's median molecular weight is around 300. Based on experimental and literature results, a mechanism for wood solubilization is proposed. This involves protonation of the etheric oxygen atoms, leading to subsequent bond scission to form carbonium ions which are stabilized by solvent alkoxylation. At severe conditions, polymerization and condensation reactions result in acetone-insoluble materials.

Yu, S.M.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Wood Products 201213 Student Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Products 201213 Student Handbook Ecosystem Science and Management College ........................................................................................................................... 2 Wood Products Undergraduate Program ...................................................................................................................................................... 3 Careers for Wood Products Majors

Boyer, Elizabeth W.

19

20 - The use of wood fibers as reinforcements in composites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: The chapter begins by discussing the major characteristics of wood in terms of structure, major chemical constituents and wood fiber production methods, which is followed by the description of major manufacturing processes for wood plastic composites (WPCs). It then reviews the effects of different variables such as the nature of wood flour (particle size, wood species, and wood flour content), fillerĖmatrix adhesion, characteristics of polymer matrix, processing conditions, performance-enhancing additives, and foaming agents on the physical, mechanical, thermal, and durability properties of WPCs. Finally, the chapter discusses future trends in \\{WPCs\\} including new materials, novel manufacturing techniques, and emerging applications.

L.M. Matuana; N.M. Stark

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Relative Leaching and Aquatic Toxicity of Pressure-Treated Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relative Leaching and Aquatic Toxicity of Pressure-Treated Wood Products Using Batch Leaching Tests leaching tests. The wood preservatives included chromated copper arsenate (CCA), alkaline copper quaternary, copper boron azole, copper citrate, and copper dimeth- yldithiocarbamate. An unpreserved wood sample

Florida, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Introduction Mich ael Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Mich ael Wood Italo Calvino was discreet about his life and the lives of others or mechanical means without prior written permission of the publisher. #12;viii michael wood notion with great

Rowley, Clarence W.

22

WOOD STREET METERED LOT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LOT E1 LOT O WOOD STREET METERED LOT LOT W5 LOT C4 LOT B4 LOT L LOT M MARSHFIELDAVENUE PAULINASTREET Clinical Sciences Building UI Hospital Wood Street Station Clinical Sciences North Grand Grounds Garden

Dai, Yang

23

Optical computing Damien Woods a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical computing Damien Woods a aDepartment of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Institute, Vierimaantie 5, 84100 Ylivieska, Finland Abstract In this survey we consider optical computers of such optical computing archi- tectures, including descriptions of the type of hardware commonly used in optical

Woods, Damien

24

CURRICULUM VITAE Robert Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CURRICULUM VITAE Robert Wood Assistant Professor Atmospheric Sciences, Box 351640, University. Publications [1] Wood, R., I. M. Stromberg, P. R. Jonas and C. S. Mill, 1997: Analysis of an air motion system on a light aircraft for boundary layer research. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 14, 960-968. [2] Wood, R., D. W

Wood, Robert

25

Wood Durability Service & Reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Durability Laboratory Service & Reliability Equipment & Facilities Field sites for AWPA E-7 (mold) tests. Wood weathering facilities. Lab-scale pressure treating cylin- ders. X-ray preservative analyzer (Oxford Twin-X). State-of-the-art facilities for wood and plastics composites manufacturing

26

The Friction of Wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1958 research-article The Friction of Wood D. Atack D. Tabor Earlier work, especially...following paper shows that the friction of wood may be explained in a similar way, that...The friction was studied between balsam wood (Abies balsamea) and surfaces of steel...

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Alaska Wood Biomass Energy Project Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Craig Wood Fired Boiler Project is to use waste wood from local sawmilling operations to provide heat to local public buildings, in an effort to reduce the cost of operating those buildings, and put to productive use a byproduct from the wood milling process that otherwise presents an expense to local mills. The scope of the project included the acquisition of a wood boiler and the delivery systems to feed wood fuel to it, the construction of a building to house the boiler and delivery systems, and connection of the boiler facility to three buildings that will benefit from heat generated by the boiler: the Craig Aquatic Center, the Craig Elementary School, and the Craig Middle School buildings.

Jonathan Bolling

2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

28

STEO October 2012 - wood  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

More U.S. households burning wood this winter to stay warm, More U.S. households burning wood this winter to stay warm, reversing two-decade decline Burning wood as the primary heating source in U.S. households has risen over the last 10 years, reversing the decline seen in the 1980s and 1990s. About 2.6 million households out of 115 million will rely on wood as the main way to warm their homes this winter. That's up 3 percent from last year, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration's new winter fuels forecast. The West will have the most households using wood as their primary space heating fuel, followed by the Midwest, South and Northeast regions of the United States. Wood is also the second most common backup fuel, after electricity, that households across the U.S. use as a supplemental heating source. Almost half of all rural households use wood this

29

Author's personal copy Evaluation of methods for sorting CCA-treated wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Author's personal copy Evaluation of methods for sorting CCA-treated wood Gary Jacobi a , Helena September 2006 Available online 2 January 2007 Abstract Construction and demolition (C&D) wood frequently contains treated wood including wood treated with chromated copper arsenate (CCA). Many recycling options

Florida, University of

30

Calorific and porosity development in carbonized wood  

SciTech Connect

Wood of four species (red oak, southern yellow pine, black cherry, and hybrid poplar) were carbonized in a flowing nitrogen atmosphere at an average heating rate of 3 degrees Centigrade/minute to selected final temperatures up to 700 degrees Centigrade. The effects of final carbonization temperature on selected properties of the char were obtained using an adiabatic oxygen bomb calorimeter to investigate heat of combustion and a mercury porosimeter to investigate total porosity, real density, apparent density, and pore size distribution. Pore characteristics of carbonized wood developed before 300 degrees Centigrade in southern yellow pine and before 400 degrees Centigrade in red oak, black cherry, and hybrid poplar. Statistical analysis established linear relationships between heat of combustion versus final carbonization temperature in the carbonization temperature ranges investigated. The results of this study will aid in understanding optimum pryrolysis conditions for the development of calorific and porosity values. (Refs. 22).

Baileys, R.T.; Blankenhorn, P.R.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Wood pellet production  

SciTech Connect

Southern Energy Limited's wood pellet refinery, Bristol, Florida, produces wood pellets for fuel from scrap wood from a nearby sawmill and other hog fuel delivered to the plant from nearby forest lands. The refinery will provide 50,000 tons of pellets per year to the Florida State Hospital at Chattahoochee to fire recently converted boilers in the central power plant. The pellets are densified wood, having a moisture content of about 10% and a heating value of 8000 Btu/lb. They are 0.5 inches in diameter and 2 to 3 inches in length.

Moore, J.W.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Woods for Learning Strategy Woods for Learning Strategy | 32 | Woods for Learning Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strategy Woods for Learning #12;Woods for Learning Strategy Woods for Learning Strategy | 32 | Woods for Learning Strategy Foreword We want our young people to be successful learners, confident the use of woods for learning. Woodlands provide a rich resource for a range of learning opportunities

33

Wood would burn  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Absract In view of the world-wide problem of energy sustainability and greenhouse gas production (carbon dioxide), it is timely to review the issues involved in generating heat and power from all fuels and especially new (to the UK) solid fuels, including high moisture fuels such as wood, SRF, oil shale, tar sands and brown coal, which will become major international fuels as oil and gas become depleted. The combustion properties of some of these materials are significantly different from traditional coal, oil and gas fuels, however the technology proposed herein is also applicable to these conventional fuels. This paper presents some innovative combustion system options and the associated technical factors that must be considered for their implementation. For clarity of understanding, the novel concepts will be largely presented in terms of a currently developing solid fuel market; biomass wood chips. One of the most important characteristics of many solid fuels to be used in the future (including oil shale and brown coal) is their high moisture content of up to 60%. This could be removed by utilising low grade waste heat that is widely available in industry to dry the fuel and thus reduce transport costs. Burning such dried wood for power generation also increases the energy available from combustion and thus acts as a thermal transformer by upgrading the low grade heat to heat available at combustion temperatures. The alternative approach presented here is to recover the latent heat by condensing the extrinsic moisture and the water formed during combustion. For atmospheric combustion, the temperature of the condensed combustion products is below the dew point at about 55Ė65†įC and is only suitable for recovery in an efficient district heating system. However, in order to generate power from the latent heat, the condensation temperature must be increased to the level where the heat can be used in the thermodynamic power cycle. This can be achieved by increasing the combustion pressure to above 80†bar, resulting in the recovered latent heat being available at more than 200†įC. It can then be used to increase the cycle efficiency by about 15% by pre-heating the boiler water and/or combustion air etc. A further advantage is that the high pressure of the combustion gases also reduces the superheater tube stress since it can balance the steam pressure. The key advantage of this high pressure flue gas is that it is above the pressure at which carbon dioxide Ďcondensesí to a liquid or supercritical gas at atmospheric temperature. Thus when used with oxy-fuel combustion, the carbon dioxide flue gas from which the moisture has been condensed can be cooled to atmospheric temperature and the supercritical CO2 can be fed directly into the pipes leading to the sequestration site. An important consideration of these strategies is to ensure that non-condensable gases in the exhaust, including oxygen and nitrogen, do not adversely affect the Ďcondensationí processes. When oxy-fuel combustion is used, the flame temperature must be moderated by a cool diluent. Recycled carbon dioxide is often proposed for this duty. However, since the latent heat is recovered, the moisture or even additional water can fulfil this role. This latter option may be advantageous since it is more efficient to pump wood chip fuel in water into the high pressure zone rather than feed solid wood particles. Surplus water can be simply drained and the wet wood chips are a good fuel when the latent heat of the moisture in the fuel gases is recovered into the power cycle. Bearing in mind that it is much more efficient to pump a liquid to high pressure than to compress the same material as a gas, indicates that cryogenic oxygen is a suitable material to use for an efficient power station that generates energy from biomass (or other fuels such as coal etc). Finally, combustion of the hydrogen from the waterĖgas reaction with oxygen allows the steam temperature in the turbine to be increased to the ďgas-turbine engineĒ range of 1000Ė1400†įC an

Jim Swithenbank; Qun Chen; Xiaohui Zhang; Vida Sharifi; Mohamed Pourkashanian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Friction of wood on steel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis deals with the experimental description of friction between steel and wood materials, specifically laminated veneer lumber (LVL) and pine wood with twoÖ (more)

Koubek, Radek

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Chopwell Wood Health Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chopwell Wood Health Project An innovative project of school visits and General Practitioner. The project took place at Chopwell Wood a 360 hectare mixed woodland managed by the Forestry Commission to carry on being involved in the project. Next stage of the project Although the project leader has now

36

Marcelo A. Wood Marcelo A. Wood, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marcelo A. Wood 1 Marcelo A. Wood, Ph.D. Curriculum Vitae June, 2013 Current Appointment: Associate, University of California, Irvine #12;Marcelo A. Wood 2 Teaching Experience: since joining UCI 2006, American College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ACNP) #12;Marcelo A. Wood 3 Journal/Editorial Review Service

Wood, Marcelo A.

37

WOOD RESEARCH 53 (4): 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 WOOD RESEARCH 53 (4): 2008 1-12 CAMBIAL ACTIVITY AND WOOD FORMATION IN BEECH FAGUS SYLVATICA, Department of Wood Science and Technology, Ljubljana, Slovenia Jozica Griar Slovenian Forestry Institute (Fagus sylvatica), cambium, wood formation, cell differentiation, xylem growth rings, Gompertz function

Cufar, Katarina

38

WOOD RESEARCH 52 (2): 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 WOOD RESEARCH 52 (2): 2007 1-10 WOOD FORMATION IN NORWAY SPRUCE PICEA ABIES STUDIED BY PINNING Zupani, Katarina Cufar, Primoz Oven University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Wood methods for examining wood formation. Pinning induced desiccation of differentiated xylem, necrosis

Cufar, Katarina

39

Contribution of organic carbon to wood smoke particulate matter absorption  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contribution of organic carbon to wood smoke particulate matter absorption Contribution of organic carbon to wood smoke particulate matter absorption of solar radiation Title Contribution of organic carbon to wood smoke particulate matter absorption of solar radiation Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Kirchstetter, Thomas W., and Tracy L. Thatcher Journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Volume 12 Pagination 6067-6072 Abstract A spectroscopic analysis of 115 wintertime partic- ulate matter samples collected in rural California shows that wood smoke absorbs solar radiation with a strong spectral se- lectivity. This is consistent with prior work that has demon- strated that organic carbon (OC), in addition to black car- bon (BC), appreciably absorbs solar radiation in the visible and ultraviolet spectral regions. We apportion light absorp-

40

Wood Heating Fuel Exemption  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This statute exempts from the state sales tax all wood or "refuse-derived" fuel used for heating purposes. The law does not make any distinctions about whether the qualified fuels are used for...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Woods for Health Strategy Woods for Health Strategy | 32 | Woods for Health Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strategy Woods for Health #12;Woods for Health Strategy Woods for Health Strategy | 32 | Woods for Health Strategy Foreword Like the rest of the western world, Scotland experiences growing rates a key role in helping to promote better physical and mental health for all by providing greenspace

42

Gregory H. Woods  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

H. Woods H. Woods Department· of Energy Fermi Site Office Post Office Box 2000 Batavia, Illinois 60510 JAN 1 1 2DD Office of the General Counsel GC-1, FORS SUBJECT: FERMI SITE OFFICE (FSO) 2013 ANNUAL NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT (NEPA) PLANNING SUMMARY Section 5(a) (7) of Department Of Energy Order 451.1 B Change 2, NEPA Compliance Program, requires each Secretarial Officer and Head of Field Organization to submit an annual NEPA

43

OpenEI - Wood and Derived Fuels  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UK Energy Statistics: UK Energy Statistics: Renewables and Waste, Commodity Balances (2010) http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/82 Annual commodity balances (supply, consumption) for renewables and waste in the UK from 1998 to 2009. Published as part of the Digest of UK energy statistics (DUKES), by the UK Department of Energy & Climate Change (DECC). Waste includes: wood waste, farm waste, sewage gas, landfill gas, waste and tyres. Renewables includes: wood, plant-based biomass, geothermal and active solar heat, hydro, wind, wave and tidal, and liquid biofuels.

License
Type of

44

Wye Wood: the wider wood : A project description and evaluation page 1 January 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wye Wood: the wider wood : A project description and evaluation page 1 January 2007 Wye Wood: the wider wood A project description and evaluation Report written by: Dr Frances Howie Associate Director Parrott Health Development Worker, Wye Wood: the wider wood #12;Wye Wood: the wider wood : A project

45

Wood and Derived Fuels | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1 1 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142288361 Varnish cache server Wood and Derived Fuels Dataset Summary Description Annual commodity balances (supply, consumption) for renewables and waste in the UK from 1998 to 2009. Published as part of the Digest of UK energy statistics (DUKES), by the UK Department of Energy & Climate Change (DECC). Waste includes: wood waste, farm waste, sewage gas, landfill gas, waste and tyres. Renewables includes: wood, plant-based biomass, geothermal and active solar heat, hydro, wind, wave and tidal, and liquid biofuels. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released July 29th, 2010 (4 years ago)

46

CCA-Treated Wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Chromated copper arsenate (CCA) is a chemical preservative that protects wood from rotting due to insects and microbial agents. It has been used to pressure-treated lumber since the 1930s. Since the 1970s, the majority of the wood used in residential settings was CCA-treated wood. It is a registered chemical pesticide that is subject to US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) regulation. The pesticide registration for CCA was modified as a result of a voluntary agreement reached in February 2002 between the registrants and EPA, in order to transition to a new generation of preservatives for most nonindustrial applications. That agreement permitted the use of CCA for all existing registered uses until December 2003 and the continued sale and distribution of CCA-treated wood treated in accordance with the label. After 1 January 2004, following label amendment, CCA was permitted and continues to be sold to treat wood for many uses. This article is a revision of the previous edition article by C. Charles Barton and Thomas T. Newton, volume 1, pp 489Ė490, © 2005, Elsevier Inc.

C. Barton

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Precision wood particle feedstocks  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Wood particles having fibers aligned in a grain, wherein: the wood particles are characterized by a length dimension (L) aligned substantially parallel to the grain, a width dimension (W) normal to L and aligned cross grain, and a height dimension (H) normal to W and L; the L.times.H dimensions define two side surfaces characterized by substantially intact longitudinally arrayed fibers; the W.times.H dimensions define two cross-grain end surfaces characterized individually as aligned either normal to the grain or oblique to the grain; the L.times.W dimensions define two substantially parallel top and bottom surfaces; and, a majority of the W.times.H surfaces in the mixture of wood particles have end checking.

Dooley, James H; Lanning, David N

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

48

Woods In and Around Towns: Phase II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policy WIAT Woods In and Around Towns: Phase II #12;2 | Woods In and Around Towns: Phase II working with Forestry Commission Scotland on Woods In and Around Towns #12;Woods In and Around Towns: Phase II Woods In and Around Towns: Phase II | 3 What is this about? The Woods In and Around Towns (WIAT) Programme provides

49

April, 2006 Allen W. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 April, 2006 Vita Allen W. Wood Academic Address: Philosophy Department, Bldg 90 Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305-2155 Telephone 650-723-2587 Fax 650-723-0985 E-mail: Allen.Wood University, 1999-2000. Professor of Philosophy, Stanford University, 1999-2001 Ward W. and Priscilla B. Woods

Zalta, Edward N.

50

Inaugural 2012 Kristie Ann Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inaugural 2012 Kristie Ann Wood Scholarship Award Call for Nominations We are delighted to announce the Inaugural 2012 Kristie Ann Wood Scholarship Award for an Outstanding Women's, Gender, and Sexualities (WGSS Wood, a feminist mother, wife, friend, daughter, and lawyer who is remembered by her loved ones

Alpay, S. Pamir

51

Environmental Impacts of Treated Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Impacts of Treated Wood 6495_C000.fm Page iii Wednesday, February 1, 2006 5:48 PM #12 associated with treated wood. Bill Hinkley died on September 12, 2005, shortly before the completion received contributions from many of the world's leading scientists on the subject of treated wood, and we

Florida, University of

52

The Asian Wood Pellet Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Asian Wood Pellet Markets Joseph A. Roos and Allen M. Brackley United States Department.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Alaska Wood Utilization Wood Pellet plant in North Pole, Alaska. Clockwise from upper left: pelleting machine; pellets bagged

53

The Wood Duck  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wood Duck Wood Duck Nature Bulletin No. 502-A October 13, 1973 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE WOOD DUCK Of all the fowl that swim, the Wood Duck is a most unusual bird. They perch in trees like jaybirds, and nest in tree holes like woodpeckers. The hens do not quack like the females of most ducks, and the drakes are dressed in a riot of gaudy colors. Each summer we see dozens of them -- more than any other kind of wild duck -- rear their families of ducklings on and around the streams, ponds, lakes and sloughs of Cook County's forest preserves. Words can scarcely describe the brilliance of the drake's plumage. The head, crest and back glint with iridescent greens, purples and blues. The eyes are red, the throat white, and the bill orange-red. The breast is wine-colored flecked with white, the belly is white, and the sides are buff. The woodie is about midway in size between the mallard and the blue-winged teal. The drakes weigh about a pound and a half. The hen is smaller and plainer, with a gray-brown head and body, a white throat, and a conspicuous white ring around the eye. Her voice is a shrill, squealing "whoo-eek", while the male's is a mere squeak.

54

Rheological Model for Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood as the most important natural and renewable building material plays an important role in the construction sector. Nevertheless, its hygroscopic character basically affects all related mechanical properties leading to degradation of material stiffness and strength over the service life. Accordingly, to attain reliable design of the timber structures, the influence of moisture evolution and the role of time- and moisture-dependent behaviors have to be taken into account. For this purpose, in the current study a 3D orthotropic elasto-plastic, visco-elastic, mechano-sorptive constitutive model for wood, with all material constants being defined as a function of moisture content, is presented. The corresponding numerical integration approach, with additive decomposition of the total strain is developed and implemented within the framework of the finite element method (FEM). Moreover to preserve a quadratic rate of asymptotic convergence the consistent tangent operator for the whole model is derived. Functionality and capability of the presented material model are evaluated by performing several numerical verification simulations of wood components under different combinations of mechanical loading and moisture variation. Additionally, the flexibility and universality of the introduced model to predict the mechanical behavior of different species are demonstrated by the analysis of a hybrid wood element. Furthermore, the proposed numerical approach is validated by comparisons of computational evaluations with experimental results.

Mohammad Masoud Hassani; Falk K. Wittel; Stefan Hering; Hans J. Herrmann

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

55

Woods on Private Estates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of Estate Woodlands". Mr. Orde-Powlett first dealt with the value of the existing private woods to Great Britain during the Great War, pointing out that although the Forestry ... can afford to give adequate pay to the staff maintained. Since the majority of the private woodlands are not run on business lines they are under-staffed. If properly run, ...

1937-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

56

Wood Energy in America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...hydroelectric, geothermal, and biomass sources...to the city's district energy system (7...of wood fuel for heating and cooling of buildings...and dependence on heating oil (21), but...transitions to AWC heating and cooling are technically...Third, expand district-energy systems...

Daniel deB. Richter; Jr.; Dylan H. Jenkins; John T. Karakash; Josiah Knight; Lew R. McCreery; Kasimir P. Nemestothy

2009-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

57

Clean-Burning Wood Stove Grant Program (Maryland) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean-Burning Wood Stove Grant Program (Maryland) Clean-Burning Wood Stove Grant Program (Maryland) Clean-Burning Wood Stove Grant Program (Maryland) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Program Info Start Date 09/07/2012 State Maryland Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Stick Burning Stove: $500 Pellet Burning Stove: $700 The Maryland Energy Administration (MEA) now offers the Clean Burning Wood Stove Grant program as part of its Residential Clean Energy Grant Program. The Clean Burning Wood Stove Grant program offers a flat grant award of $500 for stick burning wood stoves and $700 for pellet burning wood stoves that meet program eligibility requirements. Basic requirements for grant funding include: *The property must serve as primary residence *Clean burning wood stove must replace existing electric or non-natural gas

58

Wood Gasification: Where It's At, Where It's Going  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses the principles and practice of various designs of biomass/wood gasifiers. In general, the basic principle of gasification is reviewed. A look at existing gasifier schemes, including packed bed updraft, downdraft, and fluidized...

Murphy, M. L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic wood furnaces Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

bagasse. 3. The total cost of the boiler island including stoker, furnace, boiler, economizer... , feeders and bins for handling bark and wood, while experience in dealing with...

60

RHIC | Black Holes?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Black Holes at RHIC? Black Holes at RHIC? Further discussion by Physicist Dmitri Kharzeev on why RHIC cannot produce a real gravitational black hole Black holes are among the most mysterious objects in the universe. The gravitational field of a black hole is so strong that Einstein's general relativity tells us that nothing, not even light, can escape from the black hole's interior. However, in 1974 physicist Stephen Hawking demonstrated that black holes must emit radiation once the quantum effects are included. According to quantum mechanics, the physical vacuum is bubbling with short-lived virtual particle-antiparticle pairs. Creation of a particle-antiparticle pair from the vacuum conflicts with energy conservation, but energy need not be conserved at short times in quantum mechanics, according to Heisenberg's

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Dynamic loss properties of wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Internal friction and dielectric lossmeasurements have been made on whole wood on cellulose and on lignin. A prominent ? peak is seen at 200 K for frequencies around 1 Hz. This peak shifts to lower temperatures (near 160 K) when wood is heated to 475 K. We propose that this shift signifies molecular changes characteristic of the first stages of coalification of wood and lignin. Additional comparisons are made with the macromolecular structure of amber oil shale and synthetic polymers.

C. A. Wert; Manford Weller; Dan Caulfield

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

SOME POV-RAY TEXTURES AND COLORS T_Wood1 to T_Wood35  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOME POV-RAY TEXTURES AND COLORS WOODS.INC T_Wood1 to T_Wood35 STONES.INC T_Stone1 to T_Stone44Pink DarkPurple NeonBlue CoolCopper MandarinOrange LightWood MediumWood DarkWood SpicyPink Semi

Lee, Carl

63

Isocyanate-Wood Adhesive Bond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have used infrared spectroscopy to study the reaction between phenyl isocyanate and glucose, cellulose, lignin, and wood. In the latter instance we have investigated oven-dried...

Weaver, F William; Owen, Noel L

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Reservoir characterization and performance predictions for the E.N. Woods lease  

SciTech Connect

The task of this work was to evaluate the past performance of the E.N. WOODS Unit and to forecast its future economic performance by taking into consideration the geology, petrophysics and production history of the reservoir. The Decline Curve Analysis feature of the Appraisal of Petroleum Properties including Taxation Systems (EDAPT) software along with the Production Management Systems (PMS) software were used to evaluate the original volume of hydrocarbon in place and estimate the reserve. The Black Oil Simulator (BOAST II) was then used to model the waterflooding operation and estimate the incremental oil production attributable to the water injection. BOAST II was also used to predict future performance of the reservoir.

Aka-Milan, Francis A.

2000-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

65

BLACK HISTORY MONTH  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Black History Month is an annual celebration of achievements by black Americans and a time for recognizing the central role of African Americans in U.S. history. The event grew out of ďNegro History Week,Ē created by historian Carter G. Woodson and other prominent African Americans. Other countries around the world, including Canada and the United Kingdom, also devote a month to celebrating black history.

66

Successful biomass (wood pellets ) implementation in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of primary energy in Estonia ! Wood fuels production ! Pellet firing projects in Estonia ­ SIDA Demo East Production of wood fuels in Estonia in 2002 Regional Energy Centres in Estonia Wood pellets production

67

Causes and Control of Wood Decay,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Causes and Control of Wood Decay, Degradation & Stain #12;2 Contents Moisture .................................................................................3 Wood Degradation: Causes and Control..............................4 Weathering......................................................................................................4 Naturally Decay-resistant Species...........................................................5 Wood

68

Engineering economic assessment of whole-house residential wood heating in New York  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wood devices increasingly are being used for residential space heating in New York. Motivations include avoiding high and variable fuel costs, promoting energy independence, mitigating climate change, and stimulating local economic development. In this study, the influence of fuel prices, device costs, and device efficiencies on heating costs was examined. Lifetime costs of alternative heating technologies were calculated for a house in Syracuse, New York. Calculations were repeated to explore discount rates and fuel price projections. Combinations of wood price and device cost and efficiency were identified at which wood is competitive with other fuels. The results suggest that fuel costs drive competitiveness more than capital and installation costs. At typical wood prices, natural gas often is the least expensive option. Many rural areas do not have access to gas, however, and high-efficiency wood-heating devices can be very competitive with heat pumps, propane boilers, and fuel-oil boilers. Availability of low-cost or on-site wood can make wood the least expensive option. However, even ďfreeĒ wood is not free when the equipment, labor, space and time required are considered. Furthermore, efficiencies of wood devices and their pollutant emissions can differ greatly. High emission rates have led to restrictions on use of specific wood-heating devices in some locations. Improved information and tools should be available to consumers for evaluating the suitability of wood heating for their particular situations. The work presented here is an example of such information.

Daniel H. Loughlin; Rebecca S. Dodder

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

WRITTEN TESTIMONY OF DR. ROBERT J. WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WRITTEN TESTIMONY OF DR. ROBERT J. WOOD DIRECTOR OF THE COOPERATIVE OXFORD LABORATORY NATIONAL Robert Wood, Director of the Cooperative Oxford Laboratory, a cooperative scientific research laboratory

70

Wood, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

t":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Display map Wood is a town in Wood County, Wisconsin.1 References US Census Bureau Incorporated...

71

Creating Value Wood Products Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and an information dissemination plan. The program areas are Industrial Process Improvement, Environmental Assessment1 Creating Value for the Wood Products Industry Creating Value for the Wood Products Industry Louisiana Forest Products Development Center #12;2 Louisiana is blessed with quality timberland

72

Daniel Wood | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wood Wood About Us Daniel Wood - Data Integration Specialist Daniel Wood Daniel Wood is the Data Visualization and Cartographic Specialist in the Office of Public Affairs at the Department of Energy. He develops creative and interactive ways of viewing the Energy Department's vast array of data. You can check out some of his work here. Prior to joining the Energy.gov team, Daniel worked at a large PR firm in Washington, D.C, doing web development and technical project management. Daniel is a graduate of Boston University but a true Philadelphian at heart. On his off days you are likely to find him exploring new neighborhoods on his bike or hanging out with the awesome kids over at Little Lights Urban Ministries. Most Recent The History of the Light Bulb November 22

73

Streamlined LCA of Wood Pellets: Export and Possible Utilization in UBC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Streamlined LCA of Wood Pellets: Export and Possible Utilization in UBC Boiler House CHBE 573 Ann a streamlined LCA (life cycle analysis) for exported British Columbia (BC) wood pellets to quantify the energy included in the analysis. Figure 1: Processing stages and transportation segments included in the LCA

74

Wood River Levee Reconstruction, Madison County, IL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood River Levee Reconstruction, Madison County, IL 25 October 2006 Abstract: The recommended plan provides for flood damage reduction and restores the original degree of protection of the Wood River Levee-federal sponsor is the Wood River Drainage and Levee District. The Wood River Levee System was authorized

US Army Corps of Engineers

75

Original article Growth stresses in tension wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article Growth stresses in tension wood: role of microfibrils and lignification T Okuyama the growth stress generation in the region of normal and tension woods. growth stress/ tension wood in normal and ten- sion wood. The compressive stress from the deposition of lignin controls the level

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

76

Global Timber and Wood Products Market Update -a news brief from Wood Resources International LLC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Timber and Wood Products Market Update - a news brief from Wood Resources International LLC to be the major destination for Latin American wood chips, reports the Wood Resource Quarterly In late 2011 wood chips from only three countries: Vietnam, Indonesia and Australia, who together shipped 1

77

Integrated Industrial Wood Chip Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The sources of supply of wood residues for energy generation are described and the rationale for exploring the potential available from forest harvesting is developed. Details of three industrial-scale projects are presented and the specific...

Owens, E. T.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Treatment of Wood Preserving Wastewater  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The wastewater produced by the wood preserving industry presents a difficult problem to treat economically. A review of the literature indicates the size of the industry has limited the pursuit of an orderly and economic solution. Atmospheric...

Reynolds, T. D.; Shack, P. A.

79

Textile Drying Via Wood Gasification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TEXTILE DRYING VIA WOOD GASIFICATION Thomas F. ;McGowan, Anthony D. Jape Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, Georgia ABSTRACT This project was carried out to investigate the possibility of using wood gas as a direct replacement... for dryers. In addition to the experimental program described above, the DOE grant covered two other major areas. A survey of the textile industry was made to assess the market for gasification equip ment. The major findings were that a large amount...

McGowan, T. F.; Jape, A. D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Coextruded Polyethylene and Wood-Flour Composite: Effect of Shell Thickness, Wood Loading, and Core  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coextruded Polyethylene and Wood-Flour Composite: Effect of Shell Thickness, Wood Loading, and Core recycled polyethylene and wood-flour composites with core­shell structure were manufactured using a pilot

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Wood and Pellet Heating | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wood and Pellet Heating Wood and Pellet Heating Wood and Pellet Heating November 25, 2013 - 2:24pm Addthis A wood stove on a stone hearth. | Photo courtesy of √ā¬©iStockphoto/King_Louie A wood stove on a stone hearth. | Photo courtesy of ¬©iStockphoto/King_Louie What does this mean for me? Wood or pellets may be an economical and environmentally sound heating fuel choice. If you live in an area where you can cut your own wood for heating, your fuel will be local and inexpensive. Today you can choose from a new generation of wood- and pellet-burning appliances that are cleaner burning, more efficient, and powerful enough to heat many average-sized, modern homes. Pellet fuel appliances burn small pellets that measure 3/8 to 1 inch in length. Choosing and Installing Wood- and Pellet-Burning Appliances

82

The conservation of waterlogged wood using sucrose  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the major axis of the wood. The tubular structure of wood cells expedites the movement of water vapor along the grain. Water vapor will move 12 to 15 times faster along the grain than it does across it. In a cube shaped piece of wood much more water... to the major axis of the wood. The tubular structure of wood cells expedites the movement of water vapor along the grain. Water vapor will move 12 to 15 times faster along the grain than it does across it. In a cube shaped piece of wood much more water...

Parrent, James Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

83

Techno-economic analysis of wood biomass boilers for the greenhouse industry  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study is to perform a techno-economic analysis on a typical wood pellet and wood residue boiler for generation of heat to an average-sized greenhouse in British Columbia. The variables analyzed included greenhouse size and structure, boiler efficiency, fuel types, and source of carbon dioxide (CO2) for crop fertilization. The net present value (NPV) show that installing a wood pellet or a wood residue boiler to provide 40% of the annual heat demand is more economical than using a natural gas boiler to provide all the heat at a discount rate of 10%. For an assumed lifespan of 25 years, a wood pellet boiler system could generate NPV of C$259,311 without electrostatic precipitator (ESP) and C$74,695 with ESP, respectively. While, installing a wood residue boiler with or without an ESP could provide NPV of C$919,922 or C$1,104,538, respectively. Using a wood biomass boiler could also eliminate over 3000 tonne CO2 equivalents of greenhouse gases annually. Wood biomass combustion generates more particulate matters than natural gas combustion. However, an advanced emission control system could significantly reduce particulate matters emission from wood biomass combustion which would bring the particulate emission to a relatively similar level as for natural gas.

Chau, J. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Sowlati, T. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Bi, X.T. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Preto, F. [Natural Resources Canada; Melin, Staffan [University of British Columbia, Vancouver

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Wood-Composites Industry Benefits from ALS Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wood-Composites Industry Benefits from ALS Research Wood-Composites Industry Benefits from ALS Research Print Thursday, 25 October 2012 10:44 paris-wood composites Wood scientist...

85

Categorical Exclusion for Wood Pole  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wood Pole Wood Pole Replacement at two structures (11/6 & 11/9) located along the Oracle-Tucson 115-kV Transmission Line, in Oro Valley, Pima County, Arizona. RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION A. Proposed Action: Western plans to replace deteriorated wood poles, cross arms and X-braces at two existing H-frame structures (11/6 & 1119) located along the Oracle Tucson 115-kV Transmission Line in Pima, Arizona (Figure 1). Built in 1943, its aging components are beyond repair and require replacement. These poles performed poorly during structural tests, and we consider them unstable. This replacement project will ensure the safety of Western's workers and the public as well as reliability of the bulk electric system. Western will accomplish the work by clearing vegetation and blading a level pad at

86

Robert Wood, University of Washington many contributors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robert Wood, University of Washington many contributors VOCALS Education and Outreach Snider (Wyoming) · Dave Spencer (NCSU) · Cindy Twohy (OSU) · Rob Wood/Chris Bretherton/Rhea George

Wood, Robert

87

Marin County- Wood Stove Replacement Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The County of Marin has created a rebate program to encourage homeowners to remove or replace non-EPA certified wood-burning heaters (wood stoves and fireplace inserts) with cleaner burning stoves...

88

Reaction Wood: Its Structure and Function  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...WOOD AND OPPOSITE WOOD, TAPPI 52 : 2170 ( 1969 ). LEE...MATERIALS, ARKIV FOR KEMI 12 : 437 ( 1958 ). MOROHOSHI, N...1965). 17. P. Larson, Tappi 52, 2170 (1969). 18...Lindgren, Ark. Kemi 12, 437 (1958); C. L. Lee...

G. Scurfield

1973-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

89

STACY L. WOOD Department of Marketing wood@moore.sc.edu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STACY L. WOOD Department of Marketing wood@moore.sc.edu Moore School of Business ph. (803) 777) Alba, Joseph, John Lynch, Barton Weitz, Chris Janiszewski, Richard Lutz, Alan Sawyer, Stacy Wood (1997, September-October 1996, p. 12. Wood, Stacy L. (2001), "Remote Purchase Environments: The Influence of Return

Reif, John H.

90

1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Wood Borer -- WB-XX-W WB-07-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers Department of Entomology JAPANESE. Pupation takes place in the wood and adults emerge by chewing a round exit hole. Adults feed on the tender) #12;2Wood Borer -- WB-07-W October 2012 It is the policy of the Purdue University Cooperative

Ginzel, Matthew

91

1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Wood Borer -- WB-XX-W WB-06-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers Department of Entomology CAMPHOR August. Female beetles make a horizontal tunnel in the wood initiating gallery construction where/APHIS grant number 10-8100-1488-CA. #12;2Wood Borer -- WB-06-W October 2012 It is the policy of the Purdue

Ginzel, Matthew

92

1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Wood Borer -- WB-XX-W WB-08-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers Department of Entomology OAK, these beetles feed on oak (Quercus spp). Direct damage results from galleries in the wood that are formed in the breeding season. The host trees for these beetles are important for the wood indus- try, orna

Ginzel, Matthew

93

1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Wood Borer -- WB-XX-W WB-09-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers Department of Entomology EUROPEAN trees are very crucial for the wood industry, ornamental industry and many species of wildlife: The beetles construct the egg gal- leries perpendicular to the grain of the wood which can be found under

Ginzel, Matthew

94

Seneca Creek Associates, LLC Wood Resources International, LLC "Illegal" Logging and Global Wood Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seneca Creek Associates, LLC Wood Resources International, LLC SUMMARY "Illegal" Logging and Global Wood Markets: The Competitive Impacts on the U.S. Wood Products Industry Prepared for: American Forest Phone: 1-202-463-2713 Fax: 1-202- 463-4703 E-mail: agoetzl@sencreek.com Wood Resources International

95

WoodPolymer Composites Prepared by the In Situ Polymerization of Monomers Within Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood­Polymer Composites Prepared by the In Situ Polymerization of Monomers Within Wood Yong-Feng Li in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com). ABSTRACT: Wood­polymer composites (WPCs) were prepared from poplar wood (P. ussuriensis Komarov) in a two-step procedure. Maleic anhydride (MAN) was first dis

96

A collection of wood properties. Version 1.1  

SciTech Connect

Reference books are the primary source of wood property data for use in research, school, or business. it has been our experience that obtaining the needed data from several references can be a cumbersome and time-consuming ordeal. These spreadsheets are a compilation of data from several well-known references. Version 1.1 includes the most recent update of commercial woods of the United States and the world. It is intended that they be used for quick summaries, comparisons, and calculations to increase the efficiency of the professional user in report preparation.

Toennisson, R.L.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Table 3.6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2002;" 6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Selected NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." ,,"S e l e c t e d","W o o d","a n d","W o o d -","R e l a t e d","P r o d u c t s" ,,,,,"B i o m a s s" ,,,,,,"Wood Residues" ,,,,,,"and","Wood-Related" " "," ","Pulping Liquor"," "," ","Wood","Byproducts","and","RSE",," " "NAICS"," ","or","Biomass","Agricultural","Harvested Directly","from Mill","Paper-Related","Row"

98

Table N5.2. Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 1998  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 1998;" 2. Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Selected NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." ,,"S e l e c t e d","W o o d","a n d","W o o d -","R e l a t e d","P r o d u c t s" ,,,,,"B i o m a s s" ,,,,,,"Wood Residues" ,,,,,,"and","Wood-Related" " "," ","Pulping Liquor"," "," ","Wood","Byproducts","and","RSE",," " "NAICS"," ","or","Biomass","Agricultural","Harvested Directly","from Mill","Paper-Related","Row"

99

Emerging Markets for Wood Energy Richard Vlosky, Director  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2/20/2014 1 Emerging Markets for Wood Energy Richard Vlosky, Director Crosby Land & Resources change the landscape. Overview of Emerging Biomass-to-Energy Markets Projections show U.S. energy;2/20/2014 9 Overview of Emerging Biomass-to-Energy Markets Government support of market development include

100

Water Sampling At International Geothermal Area, New Zealand (Wood, 2002) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

International Geothermal Area, New Zealand (Wood, 2002) International Geothermal Area, New Zealand (Wood, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water Sampling At International Geothermal Area New Zealand (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location International Geothermal Area New Zealand Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Water Sampling At Heber Area (Wood, 2002) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heber Area (Wood, 2002) Heber Area (Wood, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water Sampling At Heber Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Heber Area Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the Salton Sea and Heber geothermal fields of southern California; and 7) the

102

Wood Laminated Composite Louisiana Forest Product Lab  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Laminated Composite Poles Cheng Piao Louisiana Forest Product Lab School of Renewable Natural, in accordance with CSA O15, ANSI 05 and many other international standards #12;Wood Laminated Composite Poles y, v z, w R r x, u #12;Why Wood Composite Poles · Sufficient strength · More cost-effective · Light

103

c Copyright 2014 Benjamin P. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

c Copyright 2014 Benjamin P. Wood #12;#12;Software and Hardware Support for Data-Race Exceptions Benjamin P. Wood A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree;#12;University of Washington Abstract Software and Hardware Support for Data-Race Exceptions Benjamin P. Wood Co

Anderson, Richard

104

Generating Textures of New Zealand Native Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Generating Textures of New Zealand Native Wood Jack Wang Abstract - This report explores algorithms for computer generated textures simulating New Zealand native wood, we out line procedural and Ray tracing. The main goal of this research is to study New Zealand native wood in depth and to gather

Goodman, James R.

105

Harvested Wood Products -an Incentive for Deforestation?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Harvested Wood Products - an Incentive for Deforestation? Andreas Fischlin1 Abstract Mitigation to help promoting the utilization of the climate-friendly, renewable natural resource wood. This would: Fischlin, A., 2008. Harvested wood products - an incentive for deforestation? In: Hetsch, S. (ed

Fischlin, Andreas

106

CORRUPTION AND ILLEGAL LOGGING IN THE WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CORRUPTION AND ILLEGAL LOGGING IN THE WOOD PRODUCTS MARKET: the Italian experience in controlling% of wood international trade is based on illegal logging; a total value of 150 Billion $/year (OECD Environmental Outlook, 2001) · At least 50% of wood removals in the Amazon basin, Central Africa and South

Pettenella, Davide

107

FAO Forestry Department Wood Energy WISDOM Slovenia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FAO ­ Forestry Department ­ Wood Energy WISDOM ­ Slovenia Spatial woodfuel production Rudi Drigo Forestry Specialist - Wood energy planning and forest resources monitoring Zivan Veseli and information on wood energy aspects and actively collaborating with member countries in the development

108

Wood Futures Conference 8 November 2007, London  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Futures Conference 8 November 2007, London Today's and tomorrow's timber resources: Can we #12;Wood Futures Conference 8 November 2007, London Subjects I. Forest resources II. Forest products markets III. Certified forest products IV. Wood energy V. Conclusions VI. Recommendations VII. Questions

109

Research Summary The Chopwell Wood Health Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Summary The Chopwell Wood Health Project In 2005, the Department of Health published. This work focused on an evaluation of the Chopwell Wood Health Project in northeast England and highlights University. Background The Chopwell Wood Health Project was developed by a partnership consisting

110

Succession of Wood-inhabiting Fungal Communities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Succession of Wood-inhabiting Fungal Communities Diversity and Species Interactions During/Repro, Uppsala 2013 #12;Succession of Wood-inhabiting Fungal Communities ­ Diversity and Species Interactions During the Decomposition of Norway Spruce Abstract Dead wood constitutes an important substrate

111

School of Biological Sciences Juvenile wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

School of Biological Sciences Juvenile wood What is it and why should we be concerned? #12;School of Biological Sciences What is juvenile wood? A brief recap. There is no universally accepted definition of juvenile wood. It is typically described as follows · zone near to the pith · displays marked

112

Cultural Values of Trees, Woods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

research into the importance of the cultural values of trees, woods and forests for sustainable forest managers have to take account of cultural values as one of the central themes of Sustainable Forest and taking them into account as part of the processes of planning and decisionmaking. Cultural values

113

Optical computing Damien Woods a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical computing Damien Woods a aDepartment of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Institute, Vierimaantie 5, 84100 Ylivieska, Finland Abstract We consider optical computers that encode data using images and compute by transforming such images. We give an overview of a number of such optical

Woods, Damien

114

James F. Wood | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

James F. Wood James F. Wood About Us James F. Wood - Deputy Assistant Secretary for Clean Coal Photo of James Wood Photo of James Wood James F. Wood is currently Deputy Assistant Secretary for Clean Coal in the Office of Fossil Energy (FE). In this position, he is responsible for the management and direction of the Office's clean coal research and development programs. Chief among these is the Carbon Sequestration program, the Clean Coal Power Initiative, and FE's $3.4 billion portfolio of Recovery Act projects. Wood has over 30 years of experience in the power industry. Most recently, he was president and CEO of Babcock Power Inc. (BPI), one of the major US-based designer/manufacturers of environmental, pressure part, heat exchanger, combustion equipment and after-market

115

Qualifying Wood Stove Deduction | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualifying Wood Stove Deduction Qualifying Wood Stove Deduction Qualifying Wood Stove Deduction < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Maximum Rebate 500 Program Info Start Date 1/1/1994 State Arizona Program Type Personal Deduction Rebate Amount Total cost, exclusive of taxes, interest and other finance charges Provider Arizona Department of Revenue This incentive allows Arizona taxpayers to deduct the cost of converting an existing wood fireplace to a qualifying wood stove. The cost to purchase and install all necessary equipment is tax deductible, up to a maximum $500 deduction. Qualifying wood stoves must meet the standards of performance for new wood heaters manufactured after July 1990, or sold after July 1992 pursuant to [http://www.epa.gov/oecaerth/resources/policies/monitoring/caa/woodstover...

116

Vertical feed stick wood fuel burning furnace system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new and improved stove or furnace for efficient combustion of wood fuel including a vertical feed combustion chamber for receiving and supporting wood fuel in a vertical attitude or stack, a major upper portion of the combustion chamber column comprising a water jacket for coupling to a source of water or heat transfer fluid and for convection circulation of the fluid for confining the locus of wood fuel combustion to the bottom of the vertical gravity feed combustion chamber. A flue gas propagation delay channel extending from the laterally directed draft outlet affords delayed travel time in a high temperature environment to assure substantially complete combustion of the gaseous products of wood burning with forced air as an actively induced draft draws the fuel gas and air mixture laterally through the combustion and high temperature zone. Active sources of forced air and induced draft are included, multiple use and circuit couplings for the recovered heat, and construction features in the refractory material substructure and metal component superstructure.

Hill, Richard C. (Orono, ME)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Vertical feed stick wood fuel burning furnace system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stove or furnace for efficient combustion of wood fuel includes a vertical feed combustion chamber (15) for receiving and supporting wood fuel in a vertical attitude or stack. A major upper portion of the combustion chamber column comprises a water jacket (14) for coupling to a source of water or heat transfer fluid for convection circulation of the fluid. The locus (31) of wood fuel combustion is thereby confined to the refractory base of the combustion chamber. A flue gas propagation delay channel (34) extending laterally from the base of the chamber affords delayed travel time in a high temperature refractory environment sufficient to assure substantially complete combustion of the gaseous products of wood burning with forced air prior to extraction of heat in heat exchanger (16). Induced draft draws the fuel gas and air mixture laterally through the combustion chamber and refractory high temperature zone to the heat exchanger and flue. Also included are active sources of forced air and induced draft, multiple circuit couplings for the recovered heat, and construction features in the refractory material substructure and metal component superstructure.

Hill, Richard C. (Orono, ME)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

On Black Hole Entropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two techniques for computing black hole entropy in generally covariant gravity theories including arbitrary higher derivative interactions are studied. The techniques are Wald's Noether charge approach introduced recently, and a field redefinition method developed in this paper. Wald's results are extended by establishing that his local geometric expression for the black hole entropy gives the same result when evaluated on an arbitrary cross-section of a Killing horizon (rather than just the bifurcation surface). Further, we show that his expression for the entropy is not affected by ambiguities which arise in the Noether construction. Using the Noether charge expression, the entropy is evaluated explicitly for black holes in a wide class of generally covariant theories. Further, it is shown that the Killing horizon and surface gravity of a stationary black hole metric are invariant under field redefinitions of the metric of the form $\\bar{g}_{ab}\\equiv g_{ab} + \\Delta_{ab}$, where $\\Delta_{ab}$ is a tensor field constructed out of stationary fields. Using this result, a technique is developed for evaluating the black hole entropy in a given theory in terms of that of another theory related by field redefinitions. Remarkably, it is established that certain perturbative, first order, results obtained with this method are in fact {\\it exact}. The possible significance of these results for the problem of finding the statistical origin of black hole entropy is discussed.}

Ted Jacobson; Gungwon Kang; Robert C. Myers

1994-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

119

Entropy of Lovelock Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A general formula for the entropy of stationary black holes in Lovelock gravity theories is obtained by integrating the first law of black hole mechanics, which is derived by Hamiltonian methods. The entropy is not simply one quarter of the surface area of the horizon, but also includes a sum of intrinsic curvature invariants integrated over a cross section of the horizon.

Ted Jacobson; Robert C. Myers

1993-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

120

Preparation of Wood Plastic Composite Sheets by Lateral Extrusion of Solid Woods Using their Fluidity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract During the course of our studies, we have learned that solid wood has significant deformability characteristics under specific conditions, resulting from slippage occurring among wood cells when wood treated with small-molecular resins is compressed under heat. Furthermore, the deformed shapes obtained are maintained when the resin introduced into the wood cells is cured. In this study, the lateral extrusion of thin discs of wood treated with thermosetting phenol resin is performed to apply this flowlike deformation behavior of wood to wood-forming techniques. Resin-treated thin discs of wood placed in a heating container were compressed by a punch, and under constant pressure the wood flowed into the cavity of a mold. Successful molding conditions were achieved by varying the pressure, temperature and wood fiber direction for the extrusion ratio of 42. The mechanical properties of the wood plastic composite (WPC) sheets obtained by this extrusion process are affected by the fiber direction of the wood in the extrudate, which is almost equivalent to the longitudinal direction of the cellulose crystals of wood. The maximum bending strength of the WPC sheets obtained was about 180†MPa, which is suitable for engineering plastics.

Tsunehisa Miki; Masako Seki; Soichi Tanaka; Nobuo Sobue; Ichinori Shigematsu; Kozo Kanayama

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Signatures of black holes at the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Signatures of black hole events at CERN's Large Hadron Collider are discussed. Event simulations are carried out with the Fortran Monte Carlo generator CATFISH. Inelasticity effects, exact field emissivities, color and charge conservation, corrections to semiclassical black hole evaporation, gravitational energy loss at formation and possibility of a black hole remnant are included in the analysis.

Marco Cavaglia; Romulus Godang; Lucien M. Cremaldi; Donald J. Summers

2007-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

122

California Wood Energy Program1 Gary Brittner2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California Wood Energy Program1 Gary Brittner2 The California Department of Forestry Wood Energy projects to increase utilization of wood for energy. The Wood Energy Program came about partly the management of the wood resource. The Department of Forestry recognized that an extensive resource

Standiford, Richard B.

123

The Bending of Wood With Steam.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Based on experimentation with the steam bending of wood to curved shapes, this thesis describes my involvement with three basic aspects of the process. FirstÖ (more)

Cottey Jr., James H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

One on One- Douglas K Woods  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A September 2014 interview with Douglas K Woods, the President of the Association for Manufacturing Technology, on the state of US manufacturing.

125

Richard F. Wood | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

F. Wood (1983) March 05, 2014 Solid State Division For theoretical research on the electronic and vibronic structures and optical properties of defects in ionic crystals, and for...

126

North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash 19 themes were: 1. softwood market developments, and 2. wood energy and wood mobilization. The main

127

CSTB / CTBA Wood Preservation -Cannes 2001 MEASUREMENT OF VOC EMISSIONS FROM CURATIVE TREATED WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSTB / CTBA Wood Preservation - Cannes 2001 1 MEASUREMENT OF VOC EMISSIONS FROM CURATIVE TREATED WOOD : A NEW EMISSION TEST CHAMBER METHOD François MAUPETIT1 , Olivier RAMALHO1 and Christophe YRIEIX2 wood, emission test chamber, VOCs Introduction A poor indoor air quality (IAQ) is now recognized

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

128

1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Wood Borer -- WB-XX-W WB-05-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers Department of Entomology ASIAN) #12;1-888-EXT-INFO · www.extension.purdue.edu 2Wood Borer -- WB-05-W October 2012 It is the policy

Ginzel, Matthew

129

Novel perspectives in wood certification and forensics: dry wood as a source of DNA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2002 research-article Novel perspectives in wood certification and forensics: dry wood as a source of DNA M. Deguilloux 1 2 M. Pemonge...St-Mande, 75012 Paris, France The importance of wood for human societies can hardly be understated...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Quantifying And Predicting Wood Quality Of Loblolly And Slash Pine Under Intensive Forest Management Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

The forest industry will increasingly rely on fast-growing intensively managed southern pine plantations to furnish wood and fiber. Intensive silvicultural practices, including competition control, stand density control, fertilization, and genetic improvement are yielding tremendous gains in the quantity of wood production from commercial forest land. How these technologies affect wood properties was heretofore unknown, although there is concern about the suitability of fast-grown wood for traditional forest products. A four year study was undertaken to examine the effects of these intensive practices on the properties of loblolly and slash pine wood by applying a common sampling method over 10 existing field experiments. Early weed control gets young pines off to a rapid start, often with dramatically increased growth rates. This response is all in juvenile wood however, which is low in density and strength. Similar results are found with early Nitrogen fertilization at the time of planting. These treatments increase the proportion of juvenile wood in the tree. Later, mid-rotation fertilization with Nitrogen and Phosphorus can have long term (4-8 year) growth gains. Slight reductions in wood density are short-lived (1-2 years) and occur while the tree is producing dense, stiff mature wood. Impacts of mid-rotation fertilization on wood properties for manufacturing are estimated to be minimal. Genetic differences are evident in wood density and other properties. Single family plantings showed somewhat more uniform properties than bulk improved or unimproved seedlots. Selection of genetic sources with optimal wood properties may counter some of the negative impacts of intensive weed control and fertilization. This work will allow forest managers to better predict the effects of their practices on the quality of their final product.

Richard F. Daniels; Alexander Clark III

2006-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

131

Department of Forest and Wood Science Academic Programmes for 2014  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Forest and Wood Science Academic Programmes for 2014 Postgraduate Diploma Enquiries: Head of Department Contact details: Department of Forest and Wood Science Stellenbosch University;Department of Forest and Wood Science - 2012 2 Contents: Postgraduate Programmes Postgraduate Diploma

Geldenhuys, Jaco

132

Wood-Composites Industry Benefits from ALS Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wood-Composites Industry Benefits from ALS Research Print paris-wood composites Wood scientist and ALS user Jesse Paris (at left) is getting an intimate, 3-D view of adhesive...

133

MODE II FRACTURE BEHAVIOR OF BONDED VISCOELASTIC THERMAL COMPRESSED WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MODE II FRACTURE BEHAVIOR OF BONDED VISCOELASTIC THERMAL COMPRESSED WOOD Andreja Kutnar* Graduate Student Department of Wood Science and Technology Biotechnical Faculty University of Ljubljana 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia Frederick A. Kamke Professor John A. Nairn Professor Department of Wood Science

Nairn, John A.

134

Gasification of Model Compounds and Wood in Hot Compressed Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Examples of wet waste streams include the following:? vegetable, fruit and garden waste; waste streams from agricultural, food and beverage industries; manure; sewage sludge; and some household wastes. ... Lignin itself is difficult to gasify and it has been observed that lignin blocks the conversion of wood's other constituents:? cellulose and hemi-cellulose. ... The raw biomass feedstock of sawdust with some CMC was also gasified in this system, the gasification efficiency in excess of 95% was reached. ...

Sascha R. A. Kersten; Biljana Potic; Wolter Prins; Wim P. M. Van Swaaij

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

135

City of Wood River, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon City of Wood River, Nebraska (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Wood River Place: Nebraska...

136

RICHARDS, MARTIN C., AND CHRISTINE M. HAPPEY-WOOD. The ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

May 30, 1978 ... eutrophic lake of glacial origin, maximum depth about 30 m, that stratifies during summer (Happey-Wood 1975; Pentecost and Happey-Wood.

2000-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

137

CEICEI--BoisBois European Confederation of Woodworking IndustriesEuropean Confederation of Woodworking Industries ValueValue--added wood productsadded wood products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Woodworking Industries ValueValue--added wood productsadded wood products markets: flooringmarkets: flooring of Woodworking Industries Wood flooring and woodWood flooring and wood--based flooringbased flooring · "Genuine" wood ­ Solid products (parquet, planks, ...) ­ Products with a "genuine" top layer · Multilayer parquet

138

Wood3 Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wood3 Resources Wood3 Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Wood3 Resources Place Houston, Texas Zip 77056-2409 Product Wood3 Resources is an energy project development firm run by former Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Chairman Pat Wood. Coordinates 29.76045¬į, -95.369784¬į Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

139

Wood Energy Production Credit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wood Energy Production Credit Wood Energy Production Credit Wood Energy Production Credit < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Bioenergy Maximum Rebate Credit may be claimed for a period of five years Program Info Start Date 12/30/1998 (most recent revision) State Missouri Program Type Corporate Tax Credit Rebate Amount $5 per ton of processed materials Provider Missouri Department of Natural Resources Note: No new credits are being issued, effective July 1, 2013. This entry is for informational purposes only. The Wood Energy Tax Credit, as effective January 1, 1997, allows individuals or businesses processing Missouri forestry industry residues into fuels an income tax credit of $5.00 per ton of processed material (e.g., wood pellets). A multiplier of 4 applies to charcoal, based on the

140

Extraction of hemicelluloses from fiberized spruce wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A novel mechanical pre-treatment method was used to separate the wood chips into fiber bundles in order to extract high molecular weight wood polymers. The mechanical pre-treatment involved chip compression in a conical plug-screw followed by defibration in a fiberizer. The fiberized wood was treated with hot water at various combinations of time and temperature in order to analyze the extraction yield of hemicelluloses at different conditions. Nearly 6†mg/g wood of galactoglucomannan was obtained at 90†įC/120†min which was about three times more than what could be extracted from wood chips. The extracted carbohydrates had molecular weight ranging up to 60†kDa. About 10% of each of the extracted material had a molecular weight above 30†kDa. The extraction liquor could also be reused for consecutive extractions with successive increase in the extraction yield of hemicelluloses.

Shoaib Azhar; Gunnar Henriksson; Hans Theliander; Mikael E. LindstrŲm

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The Influence of Selected Wood Characteristics and Composites Production Parameters on the Sorption Behavior of Wood Materials.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The goal of this research was to investigate the influence of selected wood characteristics and composites production parameters on the sorption behavior of wood materials.Ö (more)

Neimsuwan, Trairat

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Black carbon snow albedo reduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Black carbon snow albedo reduction Black carbon snow albedo reduction Title Black carbon snow albedo reduction Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Hadley, Odelle L., and Thomas W. Kirchstetter Journal Nature Climate Change Volume 2 Pagination 437-440 Abstract Climate models indicate that the reduction of surface albedo caused by black-carbon contamination of snow contributes to global warming and near-worldwide melting of ice1, 2. In this study, we generated and characterized pure and black-carbon-laden snow in the laboratory and verified that black-carbon contamination appreciably reduces snow albedo at levels that have been found in natural settings1, 3, 4. Increasing the size of snow grains in our experiments decreased snow albedo and amplified the radiative perturbation of black carbon, which justifies the aging-related positive feedbacks that are included in climate models. Moreover, our data provide an extensive verification of the Snow, Ice and Aerosol Radiation model1, which will be included in the next assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change5.

143

Heat treated woodĖnylon 6 composites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Heat treatment is a relatively benign modification method that is growing as an industrial process to improve hygroscopicity, dimensional stability and biological resistance of lignocellulosic fillers. There also has been increased interest in the use of lignocellulosic fillers in numerous automotive applications. This study investigated the influence of untreated and heat treated wood fillers on the mechanical and rheological properties of wood filled nylon 6 composites for possible under-the-hood applications in the automobile industry where conditions are too severe for commodity plastics to withstand. In this study, exposure of wood to high temperatures (212†įC for 8†h) improved the thermal stability and crystallinity of wood. Heat treated pine and maple filled nylon 6 composites (at 20†wt.% loading) had higher tensile strengths among all formulations and increased tensile strength by 109% and 106% compared to neat nylon 6, respectively. Flexural modulus of elasticity (FMOE) of the neat nylon 6 was 2.34†GPa. The FMOE increased by 101% and 82% with the addition of 30†wt.% heat treated pine and 20†wt.% heat treated maple, where it reached maximum values of 4.71†GPa and 4.27†GPa, respectively. The rheological properties of the composites correlated with the crystallinity of wood fillers after the heat treatment. Wood fillers with high crystallinity after heat treatment contributed to a higher storage modulus, complex viscosity and steady shear viscosity and low loss factor in the composites. This result suggests that heat treatment substantially affects the mechanical and rheological properties of wood filled nylon 6 composites. The mechanical properties and thermogravimetric analysis indicated that the heat treated wood did not show significant thermal degradation under 250†įC, suggesting that the wood-filled nylon composites could be especially relevant in thermally challenging areas such as the manufacture of under-the-hood automobile components.

Deniz Aydemir; Alper Kiziltas; Esra Erbas Kiziltas; Douglas J. Gardner; Gokhan Gunduz

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

DOE/EA-1636: Albany-Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project Mitigation Action Plan (March 2009)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project DOE/EA-1636 Summary This Mitigation Action Plan (MAP) is part of the Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) for the Albany-Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project. The project involves replacing wood pole structures on about 26 miles of the Albany-Burnt Woods single-circuit, 115- kilovolt (kV) transmission line and about 21 miles of the Santiam-Toledo single circuit, 230-kV transmission line in Linn, Benton and Lincoln counties, Oregon. This MAP is for the Proposed Action and includes all of the integral elements and commitments made in the Environmental Assessment (EA) to mitigate any potential adverse environmental impacts. The purpose of this MAP is to explain how the mitigation measures will be

145

ORIGINAL PAPER M. Grosell C.M. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORIGINAL PAPER M. Grosell √° C.M. Wood Branchial versus intestinal silver toxicity and uptake Hogstrand and Wood 1998; Wood et al. 1999 for reviews), much less is known about the exact toxic mechanisms primarily through the apical Na+ channel (Bury and Wood 1999) and targets the basolateral Na/K-AT- Pase

Grosell, Martin

146

1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W Department of Entomology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Wood Borer -- WB-XX-W WB-02-W Department of Entomology America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers CHINESE under the bark and in dry dead wood and complete their development in two or more years. Adults emerge campestris (Faldermann) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), an Asian wood-boring beetle recorded in North America

Ginzel, Matthew

147

ALASKAN WOOD FROGS STOCK UP ON SOLUTES TO SURVIVE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inside JEB i ALASKAN WOOD FROGS STOCK UP ON SOLUTES TO SURVIVE Outwardly, the tiny wood frog, Rana these wood frogs, which are native to Alaska, Canada and the northern USA, to unravel their secrets. Costanzo tolerance in a northern population of the wood frog. J. Exp. Biol. 216, 3461-3473. Nicola Stead THE GENETICS

Besansky, Nora J.

148

Original article A study on growth stresses, tension wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article A study on growth stresses, tension wood distribution and other related wood variations of wood structure (specific gravity and pulp yield), and the transverse mechanical resistance of wood. To investigate growth stresses, longitudinal displacements after stress release were estimated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

149

Codes of constant Lee or Euclidean weight Jay A. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Codes of constant Lee or Euclidean weight Jay A. Wood Department of Mathematics, Computer Science & Statistics Purdue University Calumet Hammond, Indiana 46323--2094 USA wood@calumet.purdue.edu http://www.calumet.purdue.edu/public/math/wood Scholarly Research Awards. #12; JAY A. WOOD 1. Linear codes as modules Throughout this extended abstract

Wood, Jay

150

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities In Latin America: A Focus on Brazil Richard Vlosky, Ph.D. Professor-Forest Products Marketing Interim Director-Louisiana Forest Products Laboratory Industry Strategic Services & Publisher: WOOD Markets Monthly newsletter WOOD Markets 2002 - The Solid Wood

151

Disposal of CCA-treated Wood: An Evaluation of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disposal of CCA-treated Wood: An Evaluation of Existing and Alternative Management Options (FINAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CCA-TREATED WOOD ASH II.1 Sample Preparation 10 II.2 Laboratory Methods 15 II.3 Laboratory Results 24 CHAPTER III, SORTING TECHNOLOGIES FOR SEPARATING TREATED WOOD FROM UNTREATED WOOD III.1

Florida, University of

152

(1) Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA(1) Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA (2) Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114 USA(2) Harvard Medical School, Boston  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(1) Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA(1) Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA (2) Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114 USA(2) Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114 USA (3) Section on Auditory Mechanics, NIDCD

153

Black Pine Circle Project  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A group of seventh graders from Black Pine Circle school in Berkeley had the opportunity to experience the Advanced Light Source (ALS) as "users" via a collaborative field trip and proposal project. The project culminated with a field trip to the ALS for all seventh graders, which included a visit to the ALS data visualization room, a diffraction demonstration, a beamline tour, and informative sessions about x-rays and tomography presented by ALS scientists.

Mytko, Christine

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

154

Black Pine Circle Project  

SciTech Connect

A group of seventh graders from Black Pine Circle school in Berkeley had the opportunity to experience the Advanced Light Source (ALS) as "users" via a collaborative field trip and proposal project. The project culminated with a field trip to the ALS for all seventh graders, which included a visit to the ALS data visualization room, a diffraction demonstration, a beamline tour, and informative sessions about x-rays and tomography presented by ALS scientists.

Mytko, Christine

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

155

Magnetized black holes and black rings in the higher dimensional dilaton gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we consider magnetized black holes and black rings in the higher dimensional dilaton gravity. Our study is based on exact solutions generated by applying a Harrison transformation to known asymptotically flat black hole and black ring solutions in higher dimensional spacetimes. The explicit solutions include the magnetized version of the higher dimensional Schwarzschild-Tangherlini black holes, Myers-Perry black holes and five dimensional (dipole) black rings. The basic physical quantities of the magnetized objects are calculated. We also discuss some properties of the solutions and their thermodynamics. The ultrarelativistic limits of the magnetized solutions are briefly discussed and an explicit example is given for the $D$-dimensional magnetized Schwarzschild-Tangherlini black holes.

Stoytcho S. Yazadjiev

2005-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

156

Wood and Fiber Science, 36(1), 2004, pp. 107118 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood and Fiber Science, 36(1), 2004, pp. 107­118 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology FORMOSAN SUBTERRANEAN TERMITE RESISTANCE OF BORATE-MODIFIED STRANDBOARD MANUFACTURED FROM SOUTHERN WOOD, but not on termite mortality. Wood species showed no significant effect on the termite resistance. Correlations

157

Wood and Fiber Science, 36(1), 2004, pp. 1725 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood and Fiber Science, 36(1), 2004, pp. 17­25 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology FUNDAMENTALS OF VERTICAL DENSITY PROFILE FORMATION IN WOOD COMPOSITES. PART III. MDF DENSITY FORMATION DURING of Wood Science and Forest Products 210 Cheatham Hall, Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA 24061-0323 and Timothy

Wang, Siqun

158

Wood and Fiber Science, 35(4), 2003, pp. 482498 2003 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood and Fiber Science, 35(4), 2003, pp. 482­498 2003 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology. INTRODUCTION Strength properties of wood-based compos- ites are related to mean panel density and the density of the average panel density (Kruse et al. 2000). Modeling for the spatial structure of wood composites

159

Wood and Fiber Science, 37(2), 2005, pp. 207212 2005 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood and Fiber Science, 37(2), 2005, pp. 207­212 © 2005 by the Society of Wood Science. Leichti Associate Professor and Barbara L. Gartner Professor Department of Wood Science and Engineering purposes that characterize smaller sections of wood. Moreover, theASTM standards spec- ify loading

Lachenbruch, Barbara

160

Wood and Fiber Science, 37(2), 2005, pp. 304313 2005 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood and Fiber Science, 37(2), 2005, pp. 304­313 © 2005 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology EFFECTS OF PRUNING ON WOOD DENSITY AND TRACHEID LENGTH IN YOUNG DOUGLAS-FIR Barbara L. Gartner Professor Dept. of Wood Science and Engineering Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331 James M. Robbins

Lachenbruch, Barbara

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Wood and Fiber Science, 35(3), 2003, pp. 381396 2003 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood and Fiber Science, 35(3), 2003, pp. 381­396 2003 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology a feasible application of both methods in wood composite research and in a real-time quality control system wood composites widely 1 This paper (NO: 02-40-0457) is published with the approval of the Director

162

Wood and Fiber Science, 36(1), 2004, pp. 7183 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood and Fiber Science, 36(1), 2004, pp. 71­83 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology (Lenth and Kamke 1996). Interest in predicting the consolidation be- havior of wood strand mats has led that strand geometry affects the relative void volume in a mat. #12;72 WOOD AND FIBER SCIENCE, JANUARY 2004, V

163

Wood and Fiber Science, 37(1), 2005, pp. 95111 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood and Fiber Science, 37(1), 2005, pp. 95­111 © 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology SURFACE AND INTERFACIAL CHARACTERIZATION OF WOOD-PVC COMPOSITE: IMAGING MORPHOLOGY AND WETTING wetting behavior of wood-PVC composites in this study. Two-dimensional and time-dependent profiles

164

Analysis of Composite Structure and Primordial Wood Remains in Petrified Wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Among all the fossils, petrified wood belongs to the most impressive and most common of materials. Still, its study has not exceeded the purely phenomenological level. The...

Nowak, J; Nowak, D; Chevallier, P; Lekki, J; Van Grieken, R; Kuczumow, A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Arbuthnott Wood Pellets Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Arbuthnott Wood Pellets Ltd Arbuthnott Wood Pellets Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Arbuthnott Wood Pellets Ltd Place Kincardineshire, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip AB30 1PA Product Wood pellet producer. Coordinates 56.932781¬į, -2.42531¬į Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":56.932781,"lon":-2.42531,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

166

Wood furnance cuts fuel bills and wastes  

SciTech Connect

The use of a wood burning furnace instead of propane to heat the Saddlecraft manufacturing plant in Cherokee, North Carolina, is described. A chart shows gallons of propane usage in winter for five years. (MHR)

Not Available

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Neutron scattering in concrete and wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Article Computational techniques Neutron scattering in concrete and wood A. Facure...library were used to simulate the neutron scattering in barriers of conventional...of the barrier thickness on neutron scattering factors is also being studied......

A. Facure; A. X. Silva; R. C. Falc„o; V. R. Crispim

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

From the Woods to the Refinery  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Breakout Session 2DóBuilding Market Confidence and Understanding II: Carbon Accounting and Woody Biofuels From the Woods to the Refinery Stephen S. Kelley, Principal and Department Head, Department of Forest Biomaterials, North Carolina State University

169

Conference on "Trees, Woods and Forests in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conference on "Trees, Woods and Forests in British Society" Delegates Pack Organised by the Centre............................................................................................3 1.1 Conference objectives...................................................................................................38 | Forests and Society Conference | BAO and JW | 08/04/2010 2 #12;Forests and Society 1

170

Wood-Burning Heating System Deduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This statute allows individual taxpayers a deduction for the purchase and installation of a wood-burning heating system. The deduction is equal to the total cost of purchase and installation for...

171

Logs Wood Chips Straw Corn Switchgrass  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Clean energy can come from the sun. The energy in wind can make electricity. Bioenergy comes from plants we can turn into fuel. Logs Wood Chips Straw Corn Switchgrass We can use...

172

Potassium Retention in Updraft Gasification of Wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wood gasifiers are equipment used for a controlled combustion of wood in limited supply of air as the oxidizing medium to generate a combustible product gas. ... Other oxidizing media, such as oxygen and steam, or a combination of any two media can be used in the gasification process. ... The zone where high rates of char combustion and gasification occur is about 15 mm wide above the grate, as determined in a similar-sized gasifier by Di Blasi. ...

Joseph Olwa; Marcus ÷hman; Pettersson EsbjŲrn; Dan BostrŲm; Mackay Okure; BjŲrn KjellstrŲm

2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

173

Wood Fired Steam Plants in Georgia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

suppliers. Based upon the designs submitted and subsequent negotiations, the Applied Engineering Company (APCO) in Orangeburg, South Carolina, was chosen to do the job. Applied Engineering has been working on wood gasification systems for several years...-20, 1983 company has a large manufacturing plant in Orange burg and is fully capable of fabricating large pressure vessels and heavy industrial equipment. The overall wood gasification system is shown in Figure 1. The fuel for the gasifier is green...

Bulpitt, W. S.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Short rotation Wood Crops Program  

SciTech Connect

This report synthesizes the technical progress of research projects in the Short Rotation Woody Crops Program for the year ending September 30, 1989. The primary goal of this research program, sponsored by the US Department of Energy's Biofuels and Municipal Waste Technology Division, is the development of a viable technology for producing renewable feedstocks for conversion to biofuels. One of the more significant accomplishments was the documentation that short-rotation woody crops total delivered costs could be $40/Mg or less under optimistic but attainable conditions. By taking advantage of federal subsidies such as those offered under the Conservation Reserve Program, wood energy feedstock costs could be lower. Genetic improvement studies are broadening species performance within geographic regions and under less-than-optimum site conditions. Advances in physiological research are identifying key characteristics of species productivity and response to nutrient applications. Recent developments utilizing biotechnology have achieved success in cell and tissue culture, somaclonal variation, and gene-insertion studies. Productivity gains have been realized with advanced cultural studies of spacing, coppice, and mixed-species trials. 8 figs., 20 tabs.

Wright, L.L.; Ehrenshaft, A.R.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Pump apparatus including deconsolidator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pump apparatus includes a particulate pump that defines a passage that extends from an inlet to an outlet. A duct is in flow communication with the outlet. The duct includes a deconsolidator configured to fragment particle agglomerates received from the passage.

Sonwane, Chandrashekhar; Saunders, Timothy; Fitzsimmons, Mark Andrew

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

176

European Panel FederationEuropean Panel Federation viewpoint on wood energy policiesviewpoint on wood energy policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

European Panel FederationEuropean Panel Federation viewpoint on wood energy policiesviewpoint on wood energy policies Eva JanssensEva Janssens (Economic Adviser)(Economic Adviser) #12;European Panel FederationEuropean Panel Federation Members in 23 countriesMembers in 23 countries Particleboard 32.1 million

177

Mill Integration-Pulping, Stream Reforming and Direct Causticization for Black Liquor Recovery  

SciTech Connect

MTCI/StoneChem developed a steam reforming, fluidized bed gasification technology for biomass. DOE supported the demonstration of this technology for gasification of spent wood pulping liquor (or 'black liquor') at Georgia-Pacific's Big Island, Virginia mill. The present pre-commercial R&D project addressed the opportunities as well as identified negative aspects when the MTCI/StoneChem gasification technology is integrated in a pulp mill production facility. The opportunities arise because black liquor gasification produces sulfur (as H{sub 2}S) and sodium (as Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}) in separate streams which may be used beneficially for improved pulp yield and properties. The negative aspect of kraft black liquor gasification is that the amount of Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} which must be converted to NaOH (the so called causticizing requirement) is increased. This arises because sulfur is released as Na{sub 2}S during conventional kraft black liquor recovery, while during gasification the sodium associated Na{sub 2}S is partly or fully converted to Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}. The causticizing requirement can be eliminated by including a TiO{sub 2} based cyclic process called direct causticization. In this process black liquor is gasified in the presence of (low sodium content) titanates which convert Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} to (high sodium content) titanates. NaOH is formed when contacting the latter titanates with water, thereby eliminating the causticizing requirement entirely. The leached and low sodium titanates are returned to the gasification process. The project team comprised the University of Maine (UM), North Carolina State University (NCSU) and MTCI/ThermoChem. NCSU and MTCI are subcontractors to UM. The principal organization for the contract is UM. NCSU investigated the techno-economics of using advanced pulping techniques which fully utilize the unique cooking liquors produced by steam reforming of black liquor (Task 1). UM studied the kinetics and agglomeration problems of the conversion of Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} to (high sodium) titanates during gasification of black liquor in the presence of (low sodium) titanates or TiO{sub 2} (Task 2). MTCI/ThermoChem tested the performance and operability of the combined technology of steam reforming and direct causticization in their Process Development Unit (PDU) (Task 3). The specific objectives were: (1) to investigate how split sulfidity and polysulfide (+ AQ) pulping can be used to increase pulp fiber yield and properties compared to conventional kraft pulping; (2) to determine the economics of black liquor gasification combined with these pulping technologies in comparison with conventional kraft pulping and black liquor recovery; (3) to determine the effect of operating conditions on the kinetics of the titanate-based direct causticization reaction during black liquor gasification at relatively low temperatures ({le} 750 C); (4) to determine the mechanism of particle agglomeration during gasification of black liquor in the presence of titanates at relatively low temperatures ({le} 750 C); and (5) to verify performance and operability of the combined technology of steam reforming and direct causticization of black liquor in a pilot scale fluidized bed test facility.

Adriaan van Heiningen

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

178

Wood Fuel LP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fuel LP Fuel LP Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Wood Fuel LP Name Wood Fuel LP Address 5900 Haynesworth Lane Place Houston, Texas Zip 77034 Sector Biomass Product Wood by-products consulting and marketing Website http://www.woodfuel.com/ Coordinates 29.6221328¬į, -95.1872605¬į Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.6221328,"lon":-95.1872605,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

179

Wood-Fiber/High-Density-Polyethylene Composites: Compounding Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood-Fiber/High-Density-Polyethylene Composites: Compounding Process J. Z. Lu,1 Q. Wu,1 I. I parameters for the wood-fiber/high-density-polyethylene blends at 60 rpm were a temperature of 180¬įC

180

Drawing a Graph in a Hypercube David R. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drawing a Graph in a Hypercube David R. Wood #3; Departament de Matem#18;atica Aplicada II Universitat Polit#18;ecnica de Catalunya Barcelona, Spain david.wood@upc.edu Submitted: Nov 16, 2004; Accepted

Wood, David R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Ring Involutions and Self-Dual Codes Jay A. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ring Involutions and Self-Dual Codes Jay A. Wood Department of Mathematics Western Michigan University jay.wood@wmich.edu AMS meeting, Lexington, Kentucky March 27, 2010 #12;Acknowledgments Much

Wood, Jay

182

RELATIVE ONE-WEIGHT LINEAR CODES JAY A. WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RELATIVE ONE-WEIGHT LINEAR CODES JAY A. WOOD In memory of Professor F. E. P. Hirzebruch, 17 October University. 1 #12;2 JAY A. WOOD G thus defines a linear functional (a "coordinate functional") on the k

Wood, Jay

183

Generalizing Halfspaces 1 Eugene Fink 2 Derick Wood 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generalizing Halfspaces 1 Eugene Fink 2 Derick Wood 3 Abstract Restricted­orientation convexity, as a generalization of standard convexity [9]. Rawlins, Wood, and Schuierer studied planar O­convex sets

Fink, Eugene

184

Drawing a Graph in a Hypercube David R. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drawing a Graph in a Hypercube David R. Wood Departament de Matem`atica Aplicada II Universitat Polit`ecnica de Catalunya Barcelona, Spain david.wood@upc.edu Submitted: Nov 16, 2004; Accepted: Aug 11

Wood, David R.

185

Wood mobilization: la nuova frontiera delle politiche forestali  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

8-03-2013 1 Wood mobilization: la nuova frontiera delle politiche forestali europee CONAF settore forestale, un nuovo tema-guida: Wood Mobilization Task Force Foreste2. Green o grey? 3. Politica

Pettenella, Davide

186

XML Structure Compression Mark Levene and Peter Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

XML Structure Compression Mark Levene and Peter Wood Birkbeck College, University of London London WC1E 7HX, U.K. {m.levene,p.wood}@dcs.bbk.ac.uk Abstract XML is becoming the universal language

Levene, Mark

187

Characters and finite Frobenius rings Jay A. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characters and finite Frobenius rings Jay A. Wood Department of Mathematics Western Michigan-modules; 3. R = R as right R-modules. Due independently to Hirano, 1997, and Wood, 1999. JW (WMU) Frobenius

Wood, Jay

188

A study of the molecular mechanics of wood cell walls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood is the original structural material, developed by nature to support tall plants. Every advantageous feature of wood as used in artificial structures is rooted in the plant's evolved capability to withstand the conditions ...

Adler, David, S.M. (David C.). Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Robert W. Wood: The Scientist who Played with Optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Robert Williams Wood viewed the natural world as his playground. For him, science was a highly creative endeavor to be approached with curiosity and awe. Wood was also a scientific...

Masters, Barry R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

International Trade of Wood Pellets (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

The production of wood pellets has increased dramatically in recent years due in large part to aggressive emissions policy in the European Union; the main markets that currently supply the European market are North America and Russia. However, current market circumstances and trade dynamics could change depending on the development of emerging markets, foreign exchange rates, and the evolution of carbon policies. This fact sheet outlines the existing and potential participants in the wood pellets market, along with historical data on production, trade, and prices.

Not Available

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

A Wood-Fired Gas Turbine Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-fired turbine, it probably seems that a wood gasification system must be involved. This is a proven and accepted method of producing gas to drive this type of power unit, but the fuel produced is a dirty fuel containing large amounts of me' ~ "'1 re, tars..., and other undesirable impurities that make it unsuitable for use as a fuel until a rather expensive cleanup process and residual waste disposal can take place. However, Aerospace Research felt that there must be a way to improve on the wood gasification...

Powell, S. H.; Hamrick, J. T.

192

Volatile constituents in a wood pyrolysis oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science VOLATILE CONSTITUTENTS IN A WOOD PYROLYSIS OIL A Thesis SHIH-CHIEN LIN Appro d as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) Head of epa tmen (Member Member Nay 1978 442936 ABSTRACT Volatile Constituents in a Wood Pyrolysis Oil.../120 Supelcoport. Other trace constituents of volatile acid were also 'dentifi="' by trap- ping the substances from the C. C. column into i: n;- 0-sh ped capillary tube and subjecting to mass spectrometry. The corrosivity of pyrolysis oil and it, volati'e acids...

Lin, Shih-Chien

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Chapter Eleven - Genomics, Lifestyles and Future Prospects of Wood-Decay and Litter-Decomposing Basidiomycota  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Saprobic (saprotrophic and saprophytic) wood-decay fungi are in majority species belonging to the fungal phylum Basidiomycota, whereas saprobic plant litter-decomposing fungi are species of both the Basidiomycota and the second Dikarya phylum Ascomycota. Wood-colonizing white rot and brown rot fungi are principally polypore, gilled pleurotoid, or corticioid Basidiomycota species of the class Agaricomycetes, which also includes forest and grassland soil-inhabiting and litter-decomposing mushroom species. In this chapter, examples of lignocellulose degradation patterns are presented in the current view of genome sequencing and comparative genomics of fungal wood-decay enzymes. Specific attention is given to the model white rot fungus, lignin-degrading species Phanerochaete chrysosporium and its wood decay-related gene expression (transcriptomics) on lignocellulose substrates. Types of fungal decay patterns on wood and plant lignocellulose are discussed in the view of fungal lifestyle strategies. Potentiality of the plant biomass-decomposing Basidiomycota species, their secreted enzymes and respective lignocellulose-attacking genes is evaluated in regard to development of biotechnological and industrial applications.

Taina K. Lundell; Miia R. Mškelš; Ronald P. de Vries; Kristiina S. Hildťn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Water Sampling At Hot Lake Area (Wood, 2002) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hot Lake Area (Wood, 2002) Hot Lake Area (Wood, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water Sampling At Hot Lake Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Hot Lake Area Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the Salton Sea and Heber geothermal fields of southern California; and 7) the

195

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Salton Sea Area (Wood, 2002) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wood, 2002) Wood, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Compound and Elemental Analysis At Salton Sea Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Salton Sea Area Exploration Technique Compound and Elemental Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the Salton Sea and Heber geothermal fields of southern California; and 7) the

196

Water Sampling At Crane Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water Sampling At Crane Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Crane Hot Springs Area Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the

197

Microsoft Word - CX-PilotButte-LaPineWoodPoleFY12_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

30, 2012 30, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Pilot Butte-La Pine No. 1 Wood Pole Replacement Project PP&A Project No.: 2188 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions and modifications to transmission facilities ... include ... replacement of wood poles. Location: Pilot Butte-La Pine No. 1 transmission line located in Deschutes County, Oregon, at the following structures: Mile Structure 5 7 6 5 7 4 16 7 16 8 17 5 18 1 18 3 21 3 21 8 25 3 30 5 Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to replace 12 deteriorating wood pole

198

Water Sampling At Mccredie Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mccredie Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Mccredie Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water Sampling At Mccredie Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Mccredie Hot Springs Area Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the

199

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Hot Lake Area (Wood, 2002) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Area (Wood, 2002) Area (Wood, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Compound and Elemental Analysis At Hot Lake Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Hot Lake Area Exploration Technique Compound and Elemental Analysis Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the

200

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Mickey Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mickey Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Mickey Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Compound and Elemental Analysis At Mickey Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Mickey Hot Springs Area Exploration Technique Compound and Elemental Analysis Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Zim's Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Wood,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zim's Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Wood, Zim's Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Wood, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Compound and Elemental Analysis At Zim's Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Zim's Hot Springs Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Compound and Elemental Analysis Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley

202

Water Sampling At Breitenbush Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wood, 2002) Wood, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water Sampling At Breitenbush Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Breitenbush Hot Springs Area Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the

203

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Mccredie Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mccredie Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Mccredie Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Compound and Elemental Analysis At McCredie Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location McCredie Hot Springs Area Exploration Technique Compound and Elemental Analysis Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the

204

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Heber Area (Wood, 2002) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Heber Area (Wood, 2002) Compound and Elemental Analysis At Heber Area (Wood, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Compound and Elemental Analysis At Heber Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Heber Area Exploration Technique Compound and Elemental Analysis Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the

205

More wood of better quality: intensive silviculture with rapid-growth improved Eucalyptus spp. for pulpwood  

SciTech Connect

The early forests planted using Brazilian Eucalyptus seeds produced great variability in the volume of wood. In the specific case of E. saligna, there was an inability of the species to adapt itself to the local ecological system. It was obvious that new silvicultural techniques should be developed and also new species and provenances, capable of adapting to the region, should be identified. The objective was to improve wood volume yields as well as to produce a better pulp quality. The research and development work has been more successful than anticipated mainly because of the new technique of rooting cuttings developed by Aracruz, which allows propagation of vigorous parent trees, including hybrids. The production of improved seeds has also been developed. A good genetic base has been established to guarantee continuous improvement for production of seedlings to be used in routine plantations. The first results have already enabled good gains in volume, wood density, cellulose content and resistance to disease.

Campinhos, E. Jr.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Water Sampling At Belknap-Foley-Bigelow Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wood, 2002) Wood, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water Sampling At Belknap-Foley-Bigelow Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Belknap-Foley-Bigelow Hot Springs Area Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the

207

Particles and scalar waves in noncommutative charged black hole spacetime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we have discussed geodesics and the motion of test particle in the gravitational field of noncommutative charged black hole spacetime. The motion of massive and massless particle have been discussed seperately. A comparative study of noncommutative charged black hole and usual Reissner-Nordstrom black hole has been done. The study of effective potential has also been included. Finally, we have examined the scattering of scalar waves in noncommutative charged black hole spacetime.

Bhar, Piyali; Biswas, Ritabrata; Mondal, U F

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Deplump for Streaming Data Nicholas Bartlett Frank Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deplump for Streaming Data Nicholas Bartlett Frank Wood Department of Statistics, Columbia of discrete sequences called the sequence memoizer [Wood et al., 2009]. Gasthaus et al. showed that although was reposed on a sequence memo- izer [Wood et al., 2009] whose space complexity was linear in the length

Wood, Frank

209

Wood Products Identification by Internal Characteristics Readings C. FUENTEALBA1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Products Identification by Internal Characteristics Readings C. FUENTEALBA1 , C. SIMON2 , D.fuentealba@cran.uhp-nancy.fr 5 LERMAB - Wood Research Laboratory, Epinal, France, e-mail: daniel- proving control of production tools and reacting to their defi- ciencies. For wood industries

Boyer, Edmond

210

Wood in rivers: interactions with channel morphology and processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Editorial Wood in rivers: interactions with channel morphology and processes No doubt about it, wood complicates fluvial geo- morphology. It messes up nice tidy streams, compli- cates quantitative through the study of channels lacking a substantial load of wood debris (Leopold et al., 1964

Montgomery, David R.

211

Using Wood Quality Measures to Evaluate Second-Growth Redwood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

553 Using Wood Quality Measures to Evaluate Second-Growth Redwood Stephen L. Quarles1 and Yana stability, durability, microfibril angle, redwood, wood quality Introduction Redwood has long been a valued" or "resistant or very resistant" (Wood Handbook 1999). 1 University of California Cooperative Extension (Advisor

Standiford, Richard B.

212

Frederic Wood Compiled by Michael W. Pidgeon (1985)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Frederic Wood fonds Compiled by Michael W. Pidgeon (1985) University of British Columbia Archives Description Frederic Wood fonds. ­ 1915-1973. 33 cm of textual records. 22 photographs. Biographical Sketch Born in Victoria, B.C., Frederic Gordon Campbell Wood (1887-1976) enrolled in the first class

Handy, Todd C.

213

Surface light fields for 3D photography Daniel N. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface light fields for 3D photography Daniel N. Wood A dissertation submitted in partial This is to certify that I have examined this copy of a doctoral dissertation by Daniel N. Wood and have found for 3D photography by Daniel N. Wood Chair of Supervisory Committee: Associate Professor Brian L

Washington at Seattle, University of

214

Wood Science and Nanotechnology: Overview and Our Efforts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Science and Nanotechnology: Overview and Our Efforts Siqun Wang, Ph.D. Department of Forestry. Bot. 17, 543-588 (1886). Wang UT CRC #12;Wood Structure MICROFIBRIL STRUCTURE CRYSTALLINE REGIONS wood fibers under axial tensile strain Nature 1971; 229:252-3 Page DH, EI-Hosseiny F., Winkler K. Wang

Gray, Matthew

215

Robert Wood Professor of Engineering and Applied Sciences at  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robert Wood Professor of Engineering and Applied Sciences at Harvard's School of Engineering and Applied Sciences Mechanical Engineering Robert Wood is the Charles River Professor of Engineering member of the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering. Prof. Wood completed his M.S. and Ph

Lin, Xi

216

Wood ants use resin to protect themselves against pathogens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood ants use resin to protect themselves against pathogens Michel Chapuisat1,*, Anne Oppliger2. Wood ants, Formica paralugubris, commonly bring back pieces of solidified coniferous resin of larvae exposed to the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae. These results show that wood ants

Lehmann, Laurent

217

Codes of constant Lee or Euclidean weight Jay A. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Codes of constant Lee or Euclidean weight Jay A. Wood Department of Mathematics, Computer Science & Statistics Purdue University Calumet Hammond, Indiana 46323 2094 USA wood@calumet.purdue.edu http: www.calumet.purdue.edu public math wood Abstract. Carlet 2 has determined the linear codes over Z=4 of constant Lee weight

Wood, Jay

218

Wood Density and Growth Conifers Introduced to Hawaii  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Density and Growth of Some Conifers Introduced to Hawaii Roger G. Skolmen U . S . F O R E - Berkeley, California Forest Service - U. S. Department of Agriculture #12;Skolmen, Roger G. 1963. Wood Expt. Sta. 20 pp., illus. (U.S. Forest Serv. Res Paper PSW-12) The specific gravity of the wood of 14

Standiford, Richard B.

219

Modelling Traceability in the Forestry Wood Supply Chain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modelling Traceability in the Forestry Wood Supply Chain Antti Sirkka University of Tampere Tieto.sirkka@uta.fi antti.sirkka@tietoenator.com Abstract--Equivalent of 5 billion of wood raw material is going to waste wood production system. The RFID-technology can achieve automatic traceability by enabling us

220

Landfill Disposal of CCA-Treated Wood with Construction and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Landfill Disposal of CCA-Treated Wood with Construction and Demolition (C&D) Debris: Arsenic phased out of many residential uses in the United States, the disposal of CCA-treated wood remains. Catastrophic events have also led to the concentrated disposal of CCA-treated wood, often in unlined landfills

Florida, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Bryan H. Wood Assistant Deputy Commandant of the Marine Corps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6-14 Bryan H. Wood Assistant Deputy Commandant of the Marine Corps for Installations & Logistics HEADQUARTERS, U. S. MARINE CORPS Mr. Bryan H. Wood is the Assistant Deputy Commandant of the Marine Corps for Installations & Logistics. Mr. Wood serves as the principal deputy and technical assistant to the Deputy

222

Measuring Interfacial Stiffness of Adhesively-Bonded Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Measuring Interfacial Stiffness of Adhesively-Bonded Wood Edward A. Le FPInnovations - Engineered Wood Products Manufacturing 2665 East Mall Vancouver, BC V6T 1W5 Canada Email: Edward.Le@FPInnovations.ca John A. Nairn Wood Science & Engineering Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97330, USA Email: John

Nairn, John A.

223

A Chemical Stain for Identifying Arsenic-Treated Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Chemical Stain for Identifying Arsenic-Treated Wood (FINAL) Submitted June 23, 2006 Amy Omae-TREATED WOOD II.1 Applying Phosphate Stains to Arsenate Stains 7 II.2 A Potential Arsenic-Test Kit 14 II.3 Whole Wood Application of the Modified Stannous Chloride Stain 19 II.4 Other Attempted Stain

Florida, University of

224

Health effects assessment of exposure to particles from wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health effects assessment of exposure to particles from wood smoke Elsa Nielsen, Marianne Dybdahl HUMAN EXPOSURE TO PARTICLES FROM WOOD SMOKE 7 HUMAN HEALTH EFFECTS 8 Human non-cancer health effects from exposure to particles from wood smoke 8 Human carcinogenic effects from exposure to particles from

225

The Uses of Wood: Long Term Prospects [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...July 1975 research-article The Uses of Wood: Long Term Prospects [and Discussion...The longer term prospects for the use of wood depend upon the continued availability of suitable material and the ability of wood products to compete in cost and performance...

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Wood September 28, 2002 DEPARTMENT OF MATERIALS SCIENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood September 28, 2002 1 DEPARTMENT OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING CARNEGIE MELLON: Microstructure-Sensitive Mechanical Properties #12;Wood September 28, 2002 2 Introduction Reading will also have an opportunity to perform similar experiments on various types of wood. These will illustrate

Rollett, Anthony D.

227

SURFACE CHARACTERIZATION OF CHEMICALLY MODIFIED WOOD: DYNAMIC WETTABILITY1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SURFACE CHARACTERIZATION OF CHEMICALLY MODIFIED WOOD: DYNAMIC WETTABILITY1 John Z. Lu* Postdoctoral-3015 [a maleated polypropylene (MAPP) copolymer with a high molecular weight]-treated wood surface the dynamic wettability of wood surfaces modified with different coupling agents. Keywords: Chemical

228

Prediction of the heat release rate of wood  

SciTech Connect

A model for the heat release rate of wood during flaming combustion was developed during this research. It includes the effects of char shrinkage, multiple chemical components, adsorbed moisture, internal convective cooling and the variation of the thermophysical and thermochemical properties with temperature and the mass retention fraction of the char. It does not include char oxidation or diffusion of moisture and volatile pyrolysis products toward the rear surface. It calculates the time to ignition, mass burning rate, heat release rate, heat of combustion, heat of gasification and depth of char. An important part of this research was the determination of the thermochemical and thermophysical properties required by the model. An apparatus was developed for determining the kinetic parameters and the heat of combustion of the volatiles under conditions similar to those in the interior of a flaming slab of wood. Data were obtained on each of the four major chemical components present in Douglas fir. Thermal diffusivity measurements on Douglas fir and its char yielded an average value of 2.1 {times} 10{sup {minus}7} s{sup 2}/s which was nearly independent of temperature and mass retention fraction of the char for temperature sup to 500{degree}C and for mass-retention fractions above 0.30.

Parker, W.J.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Image-based characterization of cement pore structure using Wood`s metal intrusion  

SciTech Connect

Mercury intrusion porosimetry is a widely used technique for characterization of the pore size distribution of cement-based materials. However, the technique has several limitations, among which are the ink bottle effect and a cylindrical pore geometry assumption that lead to inaccurate pore size distribution curves. By substituting Wood`s metal for mercury as the intruding liquid, scanning electron microscopy and imaging techniques can be applied to the sample after intrusion. The molten Wood`s metal solidifies within the pore structure of the sample, which allows it to be sectioned and observed in the scanning electron microscopy. From here, the sample can be analyzed both qualitatively, by observing the changes in the appearance of the sample as the intrusion process progresses, and quantitatively, by applying image analysis techniques. This study provides insight for better interpretation of mercury intrusion porosimetry results and the possibility for quantitative characterization of the spatial geometry of pores in cement-based materials.

Willis, K.L.; Abell, A.B.; Lange, D.A. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering] [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Substitution of Wood from Plantation Forestry for Wood from Deforestation: Modelling the Effects on Carbon Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biomass options, for example afforestation, forest protection, use of biofuels as a substitute for fossil fuels, or use of wood instead of other materials, are frequently mentioned as possibilities to mitigate...

Bernhard Schlamadinger; Gregg Marland

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Evolution of CO2 during the fixation of chromium containing wood preservatives on wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...A titration procedure was used to confirm carbon dioxide evolution from wood treated with solutions containing chromic acid and...vs soft maple), solution concentration and reaction temperature on the rate and...

J. Porandowski; P. A. Cooper; M. Kaldas; Y. T. Ung

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Balsa Wood Bridge Competition Sponsored by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Balsa Wood Bridge Competition Sponsored by: The University of Tennessee, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Description: The objective of this event is to design and build the lightest bridge capable of supporting a given load over a given span. The bridge must allow the passage of one Hot Wheel

Tennessee, University of

233

Wood anomalies in resonant photonic quasicrystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A theory of light diffraction from planar quasicrystalline lattice with resonant scatterers is presented. Rich structure, absent in the periodic case, is found in specular reflection spectra, and interpreted as a specific kind of Wood anomalies, characteristic for quasicrystals. The theory is applied to semiconductor quantum dots arranged in Penrose tiling.

Poddubny, A N

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Milnor-Wood inequalities for products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove Milnor-Wood inequalities for local products of manifolds. As a consequence, we establish the generalized Chern Conjecture for products $M\\times \\Sigma^k$ for any product of a manifold $M$ with a product of $k$ copies of a surface $\\Sigma$ for $k$ sufficiently large.

Bucher, Michelle

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Energie-Cits 2001 BIOMASS -WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energie-Cités 2001 BIOMASS - WOOD Gasification / Cogeneration ARMAGH United Kingdom Gasification is transferring the combustible matters in organic waste or biomass into gas and pure char by burning the fuel via it allows biomass in small-scaled engines and co-generation units ­ which with conventional technologies

236

Integrated Datasets (IDs) Wood/Bretherton proposal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated Datasets (IDs) Wood/Bretherton proposal ID Rationale Space/Time scale; Location; Platforms Parameters Combined Drizzle Dataset (CD ID) Collocated precipitation, aerosol and cloud micro, precip. rate, cloud Cross- Section Dataset (XS-ID) Data on E-W cross- section along 20¬įS from coast

Wood, Robert

237

Black Hole Horizons and Black Hole Thermodynamics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work investigates how black holes can be described in terms of different definitions of horizons. Global definitions in terms of event horizons and KillingÖ (more)

Nielsen, Alex

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Investigations on catalyzed steam gasification of biomass: feasibility study of methane production via catalytic gasification of 200 tons of wood per day  

SciTech Connect

This report is a result of an additional study made of the economic feasibility of producing substitute natural gas (SNG) from wood via catalytic gasification with steam. The report has as its basis the original 2000 tons of wood per day study generated from process development unit testing performed by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory. The goal of this additional work was to determine the feasibility of a smaller scale plant one-tenth the size of the original or 200 tons of dry wood feed per day. Plant production based on this wood feed is 2.16 MM Scfd of SNG with a HHV of 956 Btu per Scf. All process and support facilities necessary to convert wood to SNG are included in this study. The plant location is Newport, Oregon. The capital cost for the plant is $26,680,000 - September 1980 basis. Gas production costs which allow for return on capital have been calculated for various wood prices for both utility and private investor financing. These wood prices represent the cost of unchipped wood delivered to the plant site. For utility financing, the gas production costs are, respectively, $14.34, $14.83, $15.86, and $17.84 per MM Btu for wood costs of $5, $10, $20, and $40 per dry ton. For private investor financing, the corresponding product costs are $18.76, $19.26, $20.28, and $22.31 per MM Btu for the corresponding wood costs. The costs calculated by the utility financing method includes a return on equity of 15% and an interest rate of 10% on the debt. The private investor financing method, which is 100% equity financing, incorporates a discounted cash flow (DCF) return on equity of 12%. The thermal efficiency without taking an energy credit for char is 57.4%.

Mudge, L.K.; Weber, S.L.; Mitchell, D.H.; Sealock, L.J. Jr.; Robertus, R.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Donald R. Woods, "Problem-based Learning: resources to gain the most from PBL," D.R. Woods, Waterdown, ON, ISBN 0-9698725-2-6, revised 1996  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Donald R. Woods, "Problem-based Learning: resources to gain the most from PBL," D.R. Woods resource list Resources for PBL 1: D.R. Woods, Chemical Engineering, McMaster Univ. This is a background

Thompson, Michael

240

Donald R. Woods, "Problem-based Learning: resources to gain the most from PBL," D.R. Woods, Waterdown, ON, ISBN 0-9698725-2-6, revised 1996  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Donald R. Woods, "Problem-based Learning: resources to gain the most from PBL," D.R. Woods-directed case example, A-19 A.1 Osterman feedback lecture For a description and some details see Woods (1991

Thompson, Michael

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Black Hole Superradiance in Dynamical Spacetime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the superradiant scattering of gravitational waves by a nearly extremal black hole (dimensionless spin $a=0.99$) by numerically solving the full Einstein field equations, thus including backreaction effects. This allows us to study the dynamics of the black hole as it loses energy and angular momentum during the scattering process. To explore the nonlinear phase of the interaction, we consider gravitational wave packets with initial energies up to $10%$ of the mass of the black hole. We find that as the incident wave energy increases, the amplification of the scattered waves, as well as the energy extraction efficiency from the black hole, is reduced. During the interaction the apparent horizon geometry undergoes sizable nonaxisymmetric oscillations. The largest amplitude excitations occur when the peak frequency of the incident wave packet is above where superradiance occurs, but close to the dominant quasinormal mode frequency of the black hole.

William E. East; Fethi M. Ramazano?lu; Frans Pretorius

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

242

Genomics of wood-degrading fungi  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Woody plants convert the energy of the sun into lignocellulosic biomass, which is an abundant substrate for bioenergy production. Fungi, especially wood decayers from the class Agaricomycetes, have evolved ways to degrade lignocellulose into its monomeric constituents, and understanding this process may facilitate the development of biofuels. Over the past decade genomics has become a powerful tool to study the Agaricomycetes. In 2004 the first sequenced genome of the white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium revealed a rich catalog of lignocellulolytic enzymes. In the decade that followed the number of genomes of Agaricomycetes grew to more than 75 and revealed a diversity of wood-decaying strategies. New technologies for high-throughput functional genomics are now needed to further study these organisms.

Robin A. Ohm; Robert Riley; Asaf Salamov; Byoungnam Min; In-Geol Choi; Igor V. Grigoriev

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Synergy Effects of Wood Flour and Fire Retardants in Flammability of Wood-plastic Composites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Addition of wood flour improve the mechanical properties of thermoplastics, on the other hand it increases the burning speed of the materials. To modify the flammability of wood-plastic composites(WPC), various fire retardants, such as ammonium polysphosphate (APP), melamine polyphosphate (MPP) and aluminum hydroxide were added to WPCs. Burning tests based on UL94 and cone calorimetry were conducted to evaluate a fire performance of \\{WPCs\\} with fire retardants. The addition of fire retardants could lead to self-extinguishing materials when 10 wt% of APP was used. However, in the case of pure polypropylene, addition of 10 wt% of APP did not improve the flammability. Wood flour accelerates the burning behavior of PP, but it can reduce the use of APP to achieve self-extinguishing materials. Synergy effects between wood flour and APP was confirmed. Wood flour facilitates the forming of foamed char layer by APP during the combustion. This protective char surface can reduce the heat and oxygen diffusion toward the WPCs. The effect of fire retardants of mechanical properties of \\{WPCs\\} was also investigated. Tensile strength and modulus of composites decreased with addition of fire retardants.

Toshikazu Umemura; Yoshihiko Arao; Sakae Nakamura; Yuta Tomita; Tatsuya Tanaka

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Black Hole Chemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mass of a black hole has traditionally been identified with its energy. We describe a new perspective on black hole thermodynamics, one that identifies the mass of a black hole with chemical enthalpy, and the cosmological constant as thermodynamic pressure. This leads to an understanding of black holes from the viewpoint of chemistry, in terms of concepts such as Van der Waals fluids, reentrant phase transitions, and triple points. Both charged and rotating black holes exhibit novel chemical-type phase behaviour, hitherto unseen.

David Kubiznak; Robert B. Mann

2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

245

Wood and Pellet Heating Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wood and Pellet Heating Basics Wood and Pellet Heating Basics Wood and Pellet Heating Basics August 16, 2013 - 3:02pm Addthis Wood-burning and pellet fuel appliances use biomass or waste resources to heat homes or buildings. Types of Wood- and Pellet-Burning Appliances The following is a brief overview of the different types of wood and pellet fuel appliances available. High-Efficiency Fireplaces and Fireplace Inserts Designed more for show, traditional open masonry fireplaces should not be considered heating devices. Traditional fireplaces draw in as much as 300 cubic feet per minute of heated room air for combustion, then send it straight up the chimney. Fireplaces also produce significant air pollution. Although some fireplace designs seek to address these issues with dedicated air supplies, glass doors, and heat recovery systems, fireplaces are still

246

Wood elastic characterization from a single sample by resonant ultrasound spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood elastic characterization from a single sample by resonant ultrasound spectroscopy R. Longoa materials such as wood using only one sample. To do so, two complementary methods are used. First, the wood: Resonant ultrasound spectroscopy, spherical and cubic samples, wood, elastic constants 1. Introduction Wood

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

247

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Wood Products and Equipment Codes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Wood Products and Equipment Codes Louisiana contains NAICS codes and associated SIC codes for wood products and wood products equipment manufacturers, lathes, and routers to shape wood. NAICS SIC Corresponding Index Entries 321912 2426 Blanks, wood (e

248

Generation, Use, Disposal, and Management Options for CCA-Treated Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generation, Use, Disposal, and Management Options for CCA-Treated Wood May 1998 Helena Solo, INVENTORY OF CCA-TREATED WOOD IN FLORIDA II.1 Characteristics of the Florida Wood Treatment Industry in 1996 10 II.2 Generation and Disposal of Cca-treated Wood 14 II.3 Disposal Reservoirs for Cca-treated Wood

Florida, University of

249

New Lines of CCA-Treated Wood Research: In-Service and Disposal Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Lines of CCA-Treated Wood Research: In-Service and Disposal Issues Submitted March 19, 2001 Objectives 2 I.3 Background 4 CHAPTER II, METALS CONCENTRATIONS IN SOILS BELOW DECKS MADE OF CCA-TREATED WOOD-TREATED WOOD IN FLORIDA III.1 Introduction 34 III.2 Proportion of Treated Wood Among Treated and Untreated Wood

Florida, University of

250

Water Sampling At International Geothermal Area, Philippines (Wood, 2002) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Sampling At International Geothermal Area Water Sampling At International Geothermal Area Philippines (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location International Geothermal Area Philippines Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the Salton Sea and Heber geothermal fields of southern California; and 7) the

251

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Breitenbush Hot Springs Area (Wood,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Compound and Elemental Analysis At Breitenbush Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Breitenbush Hot Springs Area Exploration Technique Compound and Elemental Analysis Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the

252

Isolation of levoglucosan from lignocellulosic pyrolysis oil derived from wood or waste newsprint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is provided for preparing high purity levoglucosan from lignocellulosic pyrolysis oils derived from wood or waste newsprint. The method includes reducing wood or newsprint to fine particle sizes, treating the particles with a hot mineral acid for a predetermined period of time, and filtering off and drying resulting solid wood or newsprint material; pyrolyzing the dried solid wood or newsprint material at temperatures between about 350 and 375 C to produce pyrolysis oils; treating the oils to liquid-liquid extraction with methyl isobutyl ketone to remove heavy tar materials from the oils, and to provide an aqueous fraction mixture of the oils containing primarily levoglucosan; treating the aqueous fraction mixtures with a basic metal salt in an amount sufficient to elevate pH values to a range of about 12 to about 12.5 and adding an amount of the salt in excess of the amount needed to obtain the pH range to remove colored materials of impurities from the oil and form a slurry, and freeze-drying the resulting slurry to produce a dry solid residue; and extracting the levoglucosan from the residue using ethyl acetate solvent to produce a purified crystalline levoglucosan. 2 figs.

Moens, L.

1995-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

253

Isolation of levoglucosan from lignocellulosic pyrolysis oil derived from wood or waste newsprint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is provided for preparing high purity levoglucosan from lignocellulosic pyrolysis oils derived from wood or waste newsprint. The method includes reducing wood or newsprint to fine particle sizes, treating the particles with a hot mineral acid for a predetermined period of time, and filtering off and drying resulting solid wood or newsprint material; pyrolyzing the dried solid wood or newsprint material at temperatures between about 350.degree. and 375.degree. C. to produce pyrolysis oils; treating the oils to liquid-liquid extraction with methyl isobutyl ketone to remove heavy tar materials from the oils, and to provide an aqueous fraction mixture of the oils containing primarily levoglucosan; treating the aqueous fraction mixtures with a basic metal salt in an amount sufficient to elevate pH values to a range of about 12 to about 12.5 and adding an amount of the salt in excess of the amount needed to obtain the pH range to remove colored materials of impurities from the oil and form a slurry, and freeze-drying the resulting slurry to produce a dry solid residue; and extracting the levoglucosan from the residue using ethyl acetate solvent to produce a purified crystalline levoglucosan.

Moens, Luc (Lakewood, CO)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Using waste wood as fuel saves $2000 per day  

SciTech Connect

Sawdust and wood residue replaced natural gas or number 2 fuel oil to fire 2 kilns at the Cherokee Brick Co. in Raleigh, NC, resulting in savings of $2000/day. Exhaust air from the kilns was sent directly back to a rotating dryer to dry the waste wood. The dried wood containing 8 to 12% moisture was supplied, around the clock, at a rate of 140 ton/day of dry material. (BLM)

Ragland, W. (Cherokee Brick Co., Raleigh, NC); Byrnes, D.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Accelerating and rotating black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An exact solution of Einstein's equations which represents a pair of accelerating and rotating black holes (a generalised form of the spinning C-metric) is presented. The starting point is a form of the Plebanski-Demianski metric which, in addition to the usual parameters, explicitly includes parameters which describe the acceleration and angular velocity of the sources. This is transformed to a form which explicitly contains the known special cases for either rotating or accelerating black holes. Electromagnetic charges and a NUT parameter are included, the relation between the NUT parameter $l$ and the Plebanski-Demianski parameter $n$ is given, and the physical meaning of all parameters is clarified. The possibility of finding an accelerating NUT solution is also discussed.

J. B. Griffiths; J. Podolsky

2005-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

256

Black hole entropy and higher curvature interactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A general formula for the entropy of stationary black holes in Lovelock higher-curvature gravity theories is obtained by integrating the first law of black hole mechanics, which is derived by Hamiltonian methods. The entropy is not simply one quarter of the surface area of the horizon, but also includes a sum of intrinsic curvature invariants integrated over a cross section of the horizon.

Ted Jacobson and Robert C. Myers

1993-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

257

Habitat selection of the Wood Thrush nesting in east Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS. 70 Page LITERATURE CITED 72 VITA 83 ix LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page 1. Kruskal-Wallis comparisons of vegetation variables at random sites and Wood Thrush nest sites 20 2. Numbers and species of trees selected as nest sites... by Wood Thrushes 24 3. Numbers (percentages) of predated, successful, and abandoned Wood Thrush nests (1993-1994) 29 4. Numbers (percentages) of Wood Thrush nests (1993-1994) by outcome and in relation to nearest type of edge habitat 30 5. Kruskal-Wallis...

Carrie, Neil Ross

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

258

Enhanced Biomass Digestion with Wood Wasp Bacteria - Energy Innovation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enhanced Biomass Digestion with Wood Wasp Bacteria Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center Contact GLBRC About This Technology Technology Marketing Summary Plant biomass represents a...

259

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Little Valley Area (Wood,...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in this paper as "Snively Hot Springs" References Scott A. Wood (2002) Behavior Of Rare Earth Element In Geothermal Systems, A New Exploration-Exploitation Tool Additional...

260

International Trade of Wood Pellets (Brochure), Energy Analysis...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

trade to be feasible (Junginger et al. 2008). Concerns about greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have piqued interest in the use of wood pellets as an alternative to fossil...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

SORPTION OF PAHS AND COPPER (II) BY ASPEN WOOD FIBERS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The sorption and desorption of phenanthrene and pyrene on treated and untreated aspen wood fibers were studied to evaluate the sorption mechanisms of polycyclic aromaticÖ (more)

huang, liyuan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Wood biofilm as a food resource for stream detritivores  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: Published assimilation efficiencies indicate that leaf detritus is a more nutritious food for stream invertebrates than wood. Some studies, however

263

Stacy Wood's Personal Biography Dr. Wood's research focuses on how consumers respond and adapt to change or innovation. This applies both to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stacy Wood's Personal Biography Dr. Wood's research focuses on how consumers respond and adapt, Journal of Marketing, Journal of Consumer Psychology, and Journal of Retailing. Dr. Wood joined the NC Undergraduate Teaching Award, the University of South Carolina's top undergraduate teaching honor. Dr. Wood

Reif, John H.

264

Life in the woods : production and consumption of the urban forest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of wood is fraught with paradox. Wood as a building material is embraced for its naturalness, while the cutting of trees is indicted as a destruction of nature. Wood is lauded for its structural properties and ...

Volicer, Nadine (Nadine M.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

The use of a permanent magnet for water content measurements of wood chips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diagram of a Wood Chip Moisture Content Measurement DeviceMeasurement of Moisture Content in Wood Chips Using NMR andWood chip water-content tests were done over a broad range of moisture contents

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Decreasing the leachibility of boron wood preservatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Recommendation for Further Research. 64 66 LITERATURE CITED. 68 APPENDIX A APPENDIX B 104 VITA. 147 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 World boron sources. 2 World boron production 75 76 Boric acid retention in conditioned southern pine wood samples 77...-block test on soil from forested area ? test fungus Lenti nus 1epi deus. 93 20 Weight loss for boric acid+PEG-600 treated blocks put through soil-block test on soil from agricultural area ? test fungus Pari a montico1a FIGURE Page 21 Weight loss...

Gezer, Engin Derya

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

267

Calorimetric analysis of fungal degraded wood  

SciTech Connect

Endothermic transition and gross heat of combustion of aspenwood subjected to degradation by Lenzites trabea and Polyporus versicolor were determined by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and an adiabatic O bomb. Endothermic peak areas of undegraded and fungi-degraded wood differed from each other at all levels of weight loss. The regression analysis of the DSC data vs. weight loss revealed a significant relations, although not highly correlated, for P. versicolor-degraded specimens and a nonsignificant relation for L. trabea-degraded specimens; weight loss and gross heat of combustion values of degraded specimens were significantly correlated.

Blankenhorn, P.R.; Baldwin, R.C.; Merrill, W. Jr.; Ottone, S.P.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Potential of enzymes for wood debarking  

SciTech Connect

The effect of enzymatic pretreatment on the energy consumption of wood debarking was studied on the laboratory scale using enzymes to degrade the cambial layer. The energy consumed in debarking spruce was decreased as much as 80% after pretreatment with pectinolytic enzymes. In addition to polygalacturonase activity, pectin lyase and xylanase activities were also present in the most efficient enzyme preparation. Due to the complex composition of the cambium and inner phloem, these and other enzymes that hydrolyze the various inner bark components are probably needed for efficient debarking.

Raettoe, M.; Kantelinen, A.; Bailey, M.; Viikari, L. (VTT Biotechnical Lab., Espoo (Finland))

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Thermovoltaic semiconductor device including a plasma filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermovoltaic energy conversion device and related method for converting thermal energy into an electrical potential. An interference filter is provided on a semiconductor thermovoltaic cell to pre-filter black body radiation. The semiconductor thermovoltaic cell includes a P/N junction supported on a substrate which converts incident thermal energy below the semiconductor junction band gap into electrical potential. The semiconductor substrate is doped to provide a plasma filter which reflects back energy having a wavelength which is above the band gap and which is ineffectively filtered by the interference filter, through the P/N junction to the source of radiation thereby avoiding parasitic absorption of the unusable portion of the thermal radiation energy.

Baldasaro, Paul F. (Clifton Park, NY)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Uniformly accelerated black holes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The static and stationary C metric are examined in a generic framework and their interpretations studied in some detail, especially those with two event horizons, one for the black hole and another for the acceleration. We find that (i) the spacetime of an accelerated static black hole is plagued by either conical singularities or a lack of smoothness and compactness of the black hole horizon, (ii) by using standard black hole thermodynamics we show that accelerated black holes have a higher Hawking temperature than Unruh temperature of the accelerated frame, and (iii) the usual upper bound on the product of the mass and acceleration parameters (<1/27) is just a coordinate artifact. The main results are extended to accelerated rotating black holes with no significant changes.

Patricio S. Letelier and Samuel R. Oliveira

2001-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

271

Bicycling Black Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present detailed physics analyses of two different 4+1-dimensional asymptotically flat vacuum black hole solutions with spin in two independent planes: the doubly spinning black ring and the bicycling black ring system ("bi-rings"). The latter is a new solution describing two concentric orthogonal rotating black rings which we construct using the inverse scattering technique. We focus particularly on extremal zero-temperature limits of the solutions. Such limits exist for both types of solutions; for the bi-rings it is obtained when the two rings drag each other to extremality through the effect of gravitational frame-dragging. We construct the phase diagram of currently known zero-temperature vacuum black hole solutions with a single event horizon, and discuss the non-uniqueness introduced by more exotic black hole configurations such as bi-rings and multi-ring saturns.

Elvang, Henriette

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Bicycling Black Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present detailed physics analyses of two different 4+1-dimensional asymptotically flat vacuum black hole solutions with spin in two independent planes: the doubly spinning black ring and the bicycling black ring system ("bi-rings"). The latter is a new solution describing two concentric orthogonal rotating black rings which we construct using the inverse scattering technique. We focus particularly on extremal zero-temperature limits of the solutions. We construct the phase diagram of currently known zero-temperature vacuum black hole solutions with a single event horizon, and discuss the non-uniqueness introduced by more exotic black hole configurations such as bi-rings and multi-ring saturns.

Henriette Elvang; Maria J. Rodriguez

2008-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

273

Accreting Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I outline the theory of accretion onto black holes, and its application to observed phenomena such as X-ray binaries, active galactic nuclei, tidal disruption events, and gamma-ray bursts. The dynamics as well as radiative signatures of black hole accretion depend on interactions between the relatively simple black-hole spacetime and complex radiation, plasma and magnetohydrodynamical processes in the surrounding gas. I will show how transient accretion processes could provide clues to these interactions. Larger global magnetohydrodynamic simulations as well as simulations incorporating plasma microphysics and full radiation hydrodynamics will be needed to unravel some of the current mysteries of black hole accretion.

Begelman, Mitchell C

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

ARM - Black Forest News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News Campaign Images Black Forest News ARM Mobile Facility Completes Field Campaign in Germany January 15, 2008 Microwave Radiometers Put to the Test in Germany September 15, 2007...

275

Black holes and thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A black hole of given mass, angular momentum, and charge can have a large number of different unobservable internal configurations which reflect the possible different initial configurations of the matter which collapsed to produce the hole. The logarithm of this number can be regarded as the entropy of the black hole and is a measure of the amount of information about the initial state which was lost in the formation of the black hole. If one makes the hypothesis that the entropy is finite, one can deduce that the black holes must emit thermal radiation at some nonzero temperature. Conversely, the recently derived quantum-mechanical result that black holes do emit thermal radiation at temperature ??2? k c, where ? is the surface gravity, enables one to prove that the entropy is finite and is equal to c3A4 G?, where A is the surface area of the event horizon or boundary of the black hole. Because black holes have negative specific heat, they cannot be in stable thermal equilibrium except when the additional energy available is less than 1/4 the mass of the black hole. This means that the standard statistical-mechanical canonical ensemble cannot be applied when gravitational interactions are important. Black holes behave in a completely random and time-symmetric way and are indistinguishable, for an external observer, from white holes. The irreversibility that appears in the classical limit is merely a statistical effect.

S. W. Hawking

1976-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

276

Chemical modification of simul wood with styreneĖacrylonitrile copolymer and organically modified nanoclay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simul wood (Salmalia malabarica...) was chemically modified by treatment with styreneĖacrylonitrile copolymer (SAN), glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), and organically modified nanoclay. The physical properties of wood...

R. R. Devi; T. K. Maji

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

How Wood Chip Size Affects Pretreatment Effectiveness of Woody Biomass for Biological Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of wood: effect of chip size, acid, moisture content andis the wood chip width, M is the moisture content (%), G is

Tam, Jerry

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Identification of Wood Species by Acoustic-Resonance Spectrometry Using Multivariate Subpopulation Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The identification of wood species remains an issue in restoration involving rare, old, or disguised wood parts. Precise restoration is required in reconditioning the works of...

Mills, Timothy P; Jones, Angela; Lodder, Robert A

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

An Additive Resin Reaction Product, a Method of Treating a Wood...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Additive Resin Reaction Product, a Method of Treating a Wood Product, and a Wood Product Idaho National Laboratory Contact INL About This Technology Technology Marketing Summary...

280

SECO - Dow Corning's Wood Fueled Industrial Cogeneration Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1979, Dow Corning Corporation decided to build a wood fueled steam and electric cogeneration (SECO) power plant at Midland, Michigan. This decision was prompted by the high cost of oil and natural gas, an abundant supply of wood in mid Michigan...

Betts, W. D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies Bengt Hillring SLU SWEDEN http is the main international energy source · Climate change ­ Energy production ­ CO2 · European Union different the plans to increase #12;#12;Energy Sector Waste Sector Recovered Wood Sawdust Logging Residues Forest

282

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities Richard Vlosky, Ph.D. Professor-Forest Products Marketing Interim Director-Louisiana Forest Products Laboratory School of Renewable Natural, R.E. Taylor & Associates Ltd. Forest Industry Strategic Services & Publisher: WOOD Markets Monthly

283

Fibre Based Modeling of Wood Dynamics and Fracture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fibre Based Modeling of Wood Dynamics and Fracture by Sean Meiji Sutherland B.Sc., The University for the simulation of the dynamics and fracturing char- acteristics of wood, specifically its anisotropic behaviour bundles of fibres. Additionally, we describe the conditions under which fracture occurs in the material

Bridson, Robert

284

Through-thickness ultrasonic characterization of wood and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the form of bark, wood chips, sawdust, cotton gin trash, rice hulls, and sugar ba- gasse (Kleit et al. 1994. It was found that the equilibrium moisture content (EMC) was positively related to particulate sizeThrough-thickness ultrasonic characterization of wood and agricultural fiber composites Ronnie Y

285

Modeling and Rendering Physically-Based Wood Combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rendering of wood combustion has received some attention recently, but prior work has not incorporated effects of internal wood properties such as density variation (i.e. "grain") and pre-combustion processes such as drying. In this paper we present ...

Roderick M. Riensche; Robert R. Lewis

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Effect of Thermoplastic Binder on Flow Deformation Behavior of Wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A processing technique was recently developed to realize plastic deformation in wood impregnated with a thermoset binder. This paper proposes a new flow forming technique where a thermoplastic binder is used instead of a thermoset binder with the expectation that the formability and recyclability of the products will be improved. To clarify the effect of the thermoplastic binder on the flow deformation behavior of wood, capillary fluidity tests were performed using impregnated wood with various contents of thermoplastic binder (polymer). The extrusion load of the impregnated wood through the capillary decreased with an increase of the polymer content in the wood. Results of the second fluidity test using the first extruded material reveals that the recycled impregnated wood can flow again. The extrusion load of the second extrusion was equal to or lower than the first. These results indicate that the recyclability of the wood impregnated with a thermoplastic binder is highly promising. The internal configuration of the impregnated wood during extrusion was also dependent on the polymer content.

Masako Seki; Tsunehisa Miki; Soichi Tanaka; Ichinori Shigematsu; Kozo Kanayama

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Silviculture: growing more wood on less land  

SciTech Connect

Maximizing the production of a concentrated, homogeneous wood supply virtually dictates intensively managed plantations. This management system implies: (1) improving the composite genotype of plantation trees; (2) optimizing their morphological and physiological condition prior to and at planting time; (3) improving the physiological environment of the crop at all stages of development; (4) protecting the plantation from pests and catastrophic events; and (5) modifying the shapes, dimensions, and qualities of crop trees to enhance the utility and value of harvested timber. Beneficiation of forest residuals for fiber and fuel is pushing forest industry relentlessly toward total stand utilization. Relative to the productivity of undisturbed or partially logged humid tropical forests, plantation growth rates represent four-fold to ten-fold increases in volume production. Displacement of some proportion of shifting agriculture and natural forest management systems by intensively managed plantations is desirable and biologically feasible. A key to successful tropical forest management and preservation is population stability, a condition toward which integrated wood conversion facilities supplied by a reliable plantation system can make a major contribution. There are some pressing and many esoteric reasons for conserving forest resources but pressures for utilizing and renewing these resources are immediate and unavoidable.

Gladstone, W.T.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

NREL: News Feature - Wood-Boring Gribbles Intrigue Researchers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wood-Boring Gribbles Intrigue Researchers Wood-Boring Gribbles Intrigue Researchers July 24, 2013 This is a light-enhanced close-up of a tiny crustacean's head and torso, with what looks like fluorescent-blue antennae. Three of its legs are showing. Enlarge image A gribble is a tiny wood borer that produces its own enzyme that can devastate wood efficiently. Researchers hope that by studying gribbles they can learn ways to improve the process of turning biomass into liquid fuels. Courtesy Laura Michie, University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom Tiny wood borers known colloquially as gribbles make their own enzymes and use them to eat through docks in harbor towns, earning enmity from fishermen all around the world. Now, researchers from the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and elsewhere are exploring whether that curse can be

289

Biomass plants face wood supply risks Report warns giant new biomass power plants will be hugely reliant on wood chip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass plants face wood supply risks Report warns giant new biomass power plants will be hugely's biomass energy sector could be undermined unless businesses move to resolve the supply chain issues-scale biomass plants will leave generators largely reliant on biomass from overseas such as wood chips, elephant

290

Multipass comminution process to produce precision wood particles of uniform size and shape with disrupted grain structure from wood chips  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process of comminution of wood chips (C) having a grain direction to produce a mixture of wood particles (P), wherein the wood chips are characterized by an average length dimension (L.sub.C) as measured substantially parallel to the grain, an average width dimension (W.sub.C) as measured normal to L.sub.C and aligned cross grain, and an average height dimension (H.sub.C) as measured normal to W.sub.C and L.sub.C, and wherein the comminution process comprises the step of feeding the wood chips in a direction of travel substantially randomly to the grain direction one or more times through a counter rotating pair of intermeshing arrays of cutting discs (D) arrayed axially perpendicular to the direction of wood chip travel.

Dooley, James H; Lanning, David N

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

291

"Hybrid" Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss a solution of the Einstein equations, obtained by gluing the external Kerr metric and the internal Weyl metric, describing an axisymmetric static vacuum distorted black hole. These metrics are glued at the null surfaces representing their horizons. For this purpose we use the formalism of massive thin null shells. The corresponding solution is called a "hybrid" black hole. The massive null shell has an angular momentum which is the origin of the rotation of the external Kerr spacetime. At the same time, the shell distorts the geometry inside the horizon. The inner geometry of the "hybrid" black hole coincides with the geometry of the interior of a non-rotating Weyl-distorted black hole. Properties of the "hybrid" black holes are briefly discussed.

Valeri P. Frolov; Andrei V. Frolov

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

292

Water Sampling At Alvord Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Sampling At Alvord Hot Springs Area (Wood, Water Sampling At Alvord Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Alvord Hot Springs Area Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the Salton Sea and Heber geothermal fields of southern California; and 7) the Dieng field in Central Java, Indonesia. We have analyzed the samples from

293

Water Sampling At Beowawe Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Sampling At Beowawe Hot Springs Area (Wood, Water Sampling At Beowawe Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Beowawe Hot Springs Area Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the Salton Sea and Heber geothermal fields of southern California; and 7) the Dieng field in Central Java, Indonesia. We have analyzed the samples from

294

Water Sampling At Mickey Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mickey Hot Springs Area (Wood, Mickey Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Mickey Hot Springs Area Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the Salton Sea and Heber geothermal fields of southern California; and 7) the Dieng field in Central Java, Indonesia. We have analyzed the samples from

295

Water Sampling At Salton Sea Area (Wood, 2002) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Salton Sea Area (Wood, 2002) Salton Sea Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Salton Sea Area Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness not useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the Salton Sea and Heber geothermal fields of southern California; and 7) the Dieng field in Central Java, Indonesia. We have analyzed the samples from all fields for REE except the last two. Our results indicate that

296

Water Sampling At Umpqua Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Umpqua Hot Springs Area (Wood, Umpqua Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Umpqua Hot Springs Area Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the Salton Sea and Heber geothermal fields of southern California; and 7) the Dieng field in Central Java, Indonesia. We have analyzed the samples from

297

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-13-053 Woods Hole EC B3-16.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 SECTION A. Project Title: Advances in the Recovery of Uranium from Seawater: Studies under Real Ocean Conditions - Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution SECTION B. Project Description Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution proposes to study the effectiveness of uranium adsorbents using different field testing designs. Objectives include: 1) To test the extraction efficiency of the uranium adsorbents under changing environmental conditions in a controlled laboratory setting and then in the field. 2) To collect and measure radium extracted onto manganese oxide coated fibers to quantify the volume of water passing through the uranium adsorbents. 3) To determine by field-tests the most efficient methods for collecting and the best platform to expose, in high current regimes,

298

Using the sun and waste wood to heat a central Ohio home. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect

The description of a house in Ohio built on a south facing slope with two levels above ground on the north, east, and west sides and three levels exposed to the southern winter Sun is presented. The floor plan, a general history of the project, the operation of the system, the backup heat source (wood), the collection of data, and the procedure for determining actual heat loss are described. Additionally, the calculation of the solar contribution percentage and the amount of mass to be included in the greenhouse and problems with an indirect gain wall are discussed. The location of the wood stove in the system is noted. The east wall temperature data are given. Soil temperature, air infiltration, thermal comfort, and energy usage are discussed. (MCW).

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Crane Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon ¬Ľ Compound and Elemental Analysis At Crane Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Compound and Elemental Analysis At Crane Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Crane Hot Springs Area Exploration Technique Compound and Elemental Analysis Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three

300

An economical and market analysis of Canadian wood pellets.  

SciTech Connect

This study systematically examined the current and future wood pellet market, estimated the cost of Canadian torrefied pellets, and compared the torrefied pellets with the conventional pellets based on literature and industrial data. The results showed that the wood pellet industry has been gaining significant momentum due to the European bioenergy incentives and the rising oil and natural gas prices. With the new bioenergy incentives in USA, the future pellets market may shift to North America, and Canada can potentially become the largest pellet production centre, supported by the abundant wood residues and mountain pine beetle (MPB) infested trees.

Peng, J. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A Comparison of Intermediate Mass Black Hole Candidate ULXs and Stellar-Mass Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cool thermal emission components have recently been revealed in the X-ray spectra of a small number of ultra-luminous X-ray (ULX) sources with L_X > 1 E+40 erg/s in nearby galaxies. These components can be well fitted with accretion disk models, with temperatures approximately 5-10 times lower than disk temperatures measured in stellar-mass Galactic black holes when observed in their brightest states. Because disk temperature is expected to fall with increasing black hole mass, and because the X-ray luminosity of these sources exceeds the Eddington limit for 10 Msun black holes (L_Edd = 1.3 E+39 erg/s), these sources are extremely promising intermediate-mass black hole candidates (IMBHCs). In this Letter, we directly compare the inferred disk temperatures and luminosities of these ULXs, with the disk temperatures and luminosities of a number of Galactic black holes. The sample of stellar-mass black holes was selected to include different orbital periods, companion types, inclinations, and column densities. These ULXs and stellar-mass black holes occupy distinct regions of a L_X -- kT diagram, suggesting these ULXs may harbor IMBHs. We briefly discuss the important strengths and weaknesses of this interpretation.

J. M. Miller; A. C. Fabian; M. C. Miller

2004-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

302

Wood plastic composites based on microfibrillar blends of high density polyethylene/poly(ethylene terephthalate)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood plastic composites based on microfibrillar blends of high density polyethylene January 2010 Keywords: Wood plastic composites Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Polyethylene Extrusion a b into wood plastic composites through a two-step reactive extrusion technology. Wood flour was added into pre

303

Chung-Jui Tsai Gains Recognition from International Academy of Wood Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chung-Jui Tsai Gains Recognition from International Academy of Wood Science Department of Genetics at the University of Georgia, was recently named an International Academy of Wood Science Fellow, joining an elite-profit assembly of wood scientists, recognizes fellows in wood science research who exemplify the active

Arnold, Jonathan

304

SECTION 50 Table of Contents 50 Lake Rufus Woods Management Plan .........................................................2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

50-1 SECTION 50 ­ Table of Contents 50 Lake Rufus Woods Management Plan .........................................................2 50.1 Summary of Lake Rufus Woods Assessment and Limiting Factors ...........................2 50 .........................................................................28 #12;50-2 50 Lake Rufus Woods Management Plan The Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Management Plan

305

Society of Wood Science and Technology State-of-the-Art Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Society of Wood Science and Technology State-of-the-Art Review CHEMICAL COUPLING IN WOOD FIBER) ABSTRACT Coupling agents in wood fiber and polymer composites (WFPC) play a very important role in improving the compatibility and adhesion between polar wood fibers and non-polar polymeric matri- ces

306

Metals Concentrations in Soils Below Decks Made of CCA-Treated Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metals Concentrations in Soils Below Decks Made of CCA-Treated Wood This report is an excerpt from the report titled: New Lines of CCA-Treated Wood Research, In-Service and Disposal Issues Which was finalized. Average AWPA American Wood Preservers Association AWPI American Wood Preservers' Institute BDL Below

Florida, University of

307

Laboratory Reports for the Development of a Chemical Stain to Identify Arsenic-Treated Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Treated Wood #12;A-2 Testing Shredded Wood Samples DATES OF EXPERIMENT: June 4, 2004 to June 7, 2004 PURPOSE This experiment was performed to determine the possibility of testing shredded wood samples for arsenic molybdate and stannous chloride reagents before adding it to the wood. ADDITIONAL REAGENTS · Combined

Florida, University of

308

Vietnam's Timber Market Attains Position as World's Fourth Largest Hardwood Chip Exporter, Reports Wood Resource Quarterly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Resource Quarterly Chip mills running at a reduced rate due to a lack of logs For Immediate of plantation Eucalyptus and Acacia wood chips to the pulp industry in both Japan and China. The country has exporter, reports the Wood Resource Quarterly. Vietnam has become a major exporter of wood chips in a short

309

Copyright (to be inserted by Humphrey) Thermal and Dynamic-mechanical Properties of Wood-PVC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Citation & Copyright (to be inserted by Humphrey) Thermal and Dynamic-mechanical Properties of Wood properties, maleation, thermal analysis, wood veneer, wood-PVC composites ABSTRACT The influence of maleation on thermal and dynamic-mechanical properties of wood-PVC composites was investigated in this study

310

U-228: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities 8: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities U-228: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities August 6, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: BlackBerry Tablet OS Flash Player Multiple Vulnerabilities PLATFORM: Adobe Flash Player versions included with BlackBerry PlayBook tablet software versions 2.0.1.358 and earlier. ABSTRACT: Vulnerabilities in Adobe Flash Player version included with the BlackBerry PlayBook tablet software reference LINKS: BlackBerry Article ID: KB31675 Secunia Advisory SA50164 CVE-2012-0752 CVE-2012-0753 CVE-2012-0754 CVE-2012-0755 CVE-2012-0756 CVE-2012-0767 CVE-2012-0768 CVE-2012-0769 CVE-2012-0773 CVE-2012-0779 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in BlackBerry Tablet OS, which

311

Meals included in Conference Registrations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Meals included in Conference Registrations Meals included as part of the cost of a conference the most reasonable rates are obtained. Deluxe hotels and motels should be avoided. GSA rates have been for Georgia high cost areas. 75% of these amounts would be $21 for non- high cost areas and $27 for high cost

Arnold, Jonathan

312

Stanford - Woods Institute for the Environment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stanford - Woods Institute for the Environment Stanford - Woods Institute for the Environment Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Stanford- Woods Institute for the Environment Name Stanford- Woods Institute for the Environment Address 473 Via Ortega Place Stanford, California Zip 94305 Region Bay Area Coordinates 37.427774¬į, -122.175672¬į Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.427774,"lon":-122.175672,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

313

Residential Wood Heating Fuel Exemption (New York) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wood Heating Fuel Exemption (New York) Wood Heating Fuel Exemption (New York) Residential Wood Heating Fuel Exemption (New York) < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Maximum Rebate None Program Info State New York Program Type Sales Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% exemption Provider New York State Department of Taxation and Finance New York exempts retail sales of wood used for residential heating purposes from the state sales tax. The law also permits local governments (municipalities and counties) to grant an exemption from local sales taxes. If a city with a population of 1 million or more chooses to grant the local exemption, it must enact a specific resolution that appears in the state law. Local sales tax rates in New York range from 1.5% to more than 4% in

314

International WoodFuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WoodFuels LLC WoodFuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name International WoodFuels LLC Place Portland, Maine Zip 4101 Product Maine-based pellet producer and installer of commercial wood pellet heating systems. Coordinates 45.511795¬į, -122.675629¬į Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.511795,"lon":-122.675629,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

315

The Role of Wood Material for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on an interdisciplinary perspective the role of wood as a carbon sink, as a multi-purpose material, and as a renewable energy source for the net reduction of greenhouse...2 mitigation. We also formulate som...

L. Gustavsson; R. Madlener; H.-F. HoenÖ

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

STUDIA FORESTALIA SUECICA Wood resource dynamics in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

way or another. Wood Resource Dynamics (i.e. this volunze) describes the historical back- ground . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Act one: Development determined by . . . . . . .free market forces 3.3 Act two: Government price

García, Oscar

317

Kilowatts From Waste Wood In The Furniture Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

recently, the Singer Furniture Co., Lenoir, N. Carolina, purchased a 450 kilowatt steam turbine/induction generator set to use extra steam - produced by 'free' waste wood fuel - in generating 15% of the plant's electrical energy demand. The turbine...

Nailen, R. L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

September 2, 2011 JAMES A. WOODS, S.J.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

September 2, 2011 JAMES A. WOODS, S.J. COLLEGE OF ADVANCING STUDIES BOOKLIST ­ FALL 2011 GRADUATE Ed. ­ M. Evans & Co. Bridges ­ TRANSITIONS 2nd Ed. ­ Gildan Media Corporation #12;AD72701 Career

Huang, Jianyu

319

Ultrasonication technique: a method for dispersing nanoclay in wood adhesives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficiency of ultrasonication technique to disperse nanoclay in polyvinyl acetate (PVA) was examined. A hydrophilic nanoclay was added to PVA, and its effects on bond strength of wood joints were determined. The results of bond strength measured ...

Alireza Kaboorani; Bernard Riedl; Pierre Blanchet

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Seismic rehabilitation of wood diaphragms in unreinforced masonary buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

objectives: (1) assessing the adequacy of current seismic rehabilitation guidelines for evaluating existing wood diaphragms in pre-1950's URM buildings and for designing necessary retrofits; and (2) evaluating the effect of diaphragm retrofits, as designed...

Grubbs, Amber Jo

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Five-kilowatt wood gasifier technology: Evolution and field experience  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various elements of an efficient and reliable 5k W wood gasifier system developed over the last ten years ... sub-systems. Results from extensive testing of gasifier prototypes at two national centres are discuss...

S Dasappa; U Shrinivasa; B N Baliga; H S Mukunda

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

RFPs Due for Hazardous Fuel Wood to Energy Grant  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Forest Service requests proposals for the 2014 Hazardous Fuel Wood to Energy (W2E) Grant.† The outcome anticipated under this funding mechanism will advance the United States Department of...

323

Long-term lime pretreatment of poplar wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lignocellulosic biomass (e.g., poplar wood) provides a unique and sustainable resource for environmentally safe organic fuels and chemicals. The core of this study is the pretreatment step involved in bioconversion processes. Pretreatment...

Sierra Ramirez, Rocio

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

324

Guide to Using Wood Ash as an Agricultural Soil Amendment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wastes Increases soil pH Add plant nutrients Low cost #12;UNH COOPERATIVE EXTENSION Food & Agriculture and scab-susceptible potatoes varieties thrive in acid soils, and should not be supplemented with wood ash

New Hampshire, University of

325

RHIC | Black Holes?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Black Holes at RHIC? Black Holes at RHIC? Before RHIC began operations in 2000, some were concerned that it would produce black holes that would threaten the earth. Here's why those concerns were unfounded. Committee Review of Speculative "Disaster Scenarios" at RHIC In July 1999, Brookhaven Lab Director John Marburger convened a committee of distinguished physicists to write a comprehensive report on the arguments that address the safety of speculative disaster scenarios at RHIC. The scenarios are: Creation of a black hole that would "eat" ordinary matter. Initiation of a transition to a new, more stable universe. Formation of a "strangelet" that would convert ordinary matter to a new form. jaffee "We conclude that there are no credible mechanisms for catastrophic

326

Charged Schrodinger black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct charged and rotating asymptotically SchrŲdinger black hole solutions of type IIB supergravity. We begin by obtaining a closed-form expression for the null Melvin twist of a broad class of type IIB backgrounds, ...

Adams, Allan

327

The Black Bear  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Black Bear Black Bear Nature Bulletin No. 286-A December 9, 1967 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Richard B. Ogilvie, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE BLACK BEAR The most amusing and human-like of all our American wild animals is the Black Bear. Slow, clumsy and loose-jointed in appearance, with a shambling gait, he can be very swift and nimble. Like any good clown he is also a good acrobat with a fine sense of balance and timing. He is a great climber in spite of his bulk. Shrewd and droll, he is very popular in menageries and as a performer in circuses and side shows because he learns tricks easily. He can stand on his hind legs to wrestle, box, dance, or beg for food and, occasionally, one becomes a graceful artist on roller skates. They love applause.

328

Wood energy fuel cycle optimization in beech and spruce forests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel synergistic approach to reducing emissions from residential wood combustion (RWC) is presented. Wood energy fuel cycle optimization (FCO) aims to provide cleaner burning fuels through optimization of forestry and renewable energy management practices. In this work, beech and spruce forests of average and high quality were modelled and analysed to determine the volume of fuel wood and its associated bark fraction produced during typical forestry cycles. Two separate fuel wood bark production regimes were observed for beech trees, while only one production regime was observed for spruce. The single tree and stand models were combined with existing thinning parameters to replicate existing management practices. Utilizing estimates of initial seedling numbers and existing thinning patterns a dynamic model was formed that responded to changes in thinning practices. By varying the thinning parameters, this model enabled optimization of the forestry practices for the reduction of bark impurities in the fuel wood supply chain. Beech forestry cycles responded well to fuel cycle optimization with volume reductions of bark from fuel wood of between ~10% and ~20% for average and high quality forest stands. Spruce, on the other hand, was fairly insensitive to FCO with bark reductions of 0Ė5%. The responsiveness of beech to FCO further supports its status as the preferred RWC fuel in Switzerland. FCO could easily be extended beyond Switzerland and applied across continental Europe and North America.

Nickolas K Meyer; Marco Mina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Wood-Based Construction for Multi-story Buildings: Application of Cement Bonded Wood Composites as Structural Element  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modern housing and architecture are orientated towards high living quality and low energy consumption. The city of Vienna has put emphasis to introducing wood as a sustainable and ecological material for...

Alireza Fadai; Michael Fuchs; Wolfgang Winter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

How red is a quantum black hole?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiating black holes pose a number of puzzles for semiclassical and quantum gravity. These include the transplanckian problem -- the nearly infinite energies of Hawking particles created near the horizon, and the final state of evaporation. A definitive resolution of these questions likely requires robust inputs from quantum gravity. We argue that one such input is a quantum bound on curvature. We show how this leads to an upper limit on the redshift of a Hawking emitted particle, to a maximum temperature for a black hole, and to the prediction of a Planck scale remnant.

Viqar Husain; Oliver Winkler

2005-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

331

CHARYBDIS: A Black Hole Event Generator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHARYBDIS is an event generator which simulates the production and decay of miniature black holes at hadronic colliders as might be possible in certain extra dimension models. It interfaces via the Les Houches accord to general purpose Monte Carlo programs like HERWIG and PYTHIA which then perform the parton evolution and hadronization. The event generator includes the extra-dimensional `grey-body' effects as well as the change in the temperature of the black hole as the decay progresses. Various options for modelling the Planck-scale terminal decay are provided.

C. M. Harris; P. Richardson; B. R. Webber

2003-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

332

BLACK HOLE ENTROPY IN HIGHER CURVATURE GRAVITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss some recent results on black hole thermodynamics within the context of effective gravitational actions including higher-curvature interactions. Wald's derivation of the First Law demonstrates that black hole entropy can always be expressed as a local geometric density integrated over a space-like cross-section of the horizon. In certain cases, it can also be shown that these entropy expressions satisfy a Second Law. One such simple example is considered from the class of higher curvature theories where the Lagrangian consists of a polynomial in the Ricci scalar.

TED JACOBSON; GUNGWON KANG; ROBERT C. MYERS

1995-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

333

Variation in wood anatomical structure of Douglas-fir defoliated by the western spruce budworm: a case study in the coastal-transitional zone of British Columbia, Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An outbreak of the western spruce budworm temporarily modifies cellular wood anatomy of stem wood in natural and mature Douglas-fir stands impacting wood quality properties.

J. N. Axelson; A. Bast; R. Alfaro; D. J. Smith; H. Gšrtner

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

The AGN Black Hole Mass Database  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The AGN Black Hole Mass Database is a compilation of all published spectroscopic reverberation-mapping studies of active galaxies. We have created a public web interface, where users may get the most up-to-date black hole masses from reverberation mapping for any particular active galactic nucleus (AGN), as well as obtain the individual measurements upon which the masses are based and the appropriate references. While the database currently focuses on the measurements necessary for black hole mass determinations, we also plan to expand it in the future to include additional useful information, such as host-galaxy characteristics. New reverberation mapping results will also be incorporated into the database as they are published in peer-refereed journals.

Bentz, Misty C

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Black-Box Test Case Generation from TFM Module Interface Specications and Usage Statistics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis, we propose a black-box testing method that derives important test cases by including usage statistics, and enables a product manager to makeÖ (more)

Iwata, Katsuya

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

The O{sub 2}-enriched air gasification of coal, plastics and wood in a fluidized bed reactor  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The effect of the O{sub 2} in the gasification stream of a BFB gasifier has been studied. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Main advantage of the O{sub 2}-enriched air is the increasing of the bed temperature. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer No remarkable effects on tar reduction. Decreasing of recognized PAHs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Gasification reactions completed inside the dense bed and splashing zone. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Polycondensation reactions occur mainly in the freeboard region. - Abstract: The effect of oxygen-enriched air during fluidized bed co-gasification of a mixture of coal, plastics and wood has been investigated. The main components of the obtained syngas were measured by means of on-line analyzers and a gas chromatograph while those of the condensate phase were off-line analysed by means of a gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS). The characterization of condensate phase as well as that of the water used as scrubbing medium completed the performed diagnostics. The experimental results were further elaborated in order to provide material and substances flow analyses inside the plant boundaries. These analyses allowed to obtain the main substance distribution between solid, gaseous and condensate phases and to estimate the conversion efficiency of carbon and hydrogen but also to easily visualise the waste streams produced by the process. The process performance was then evaluated on the basis of parameters related to the conversion efficiency of fuels into valuable products (i.e. by considering tar and particulate as process losses) as well as those related to the energy recovery.

Mastellone, Maria Laura, E-mail: mlaura.mastellone@unina2.it [Department of Environmental Sciences-Second University of Naples, Via Vivaldi, 43 81100 Caserta (Italy); Zaccariello, Lucio; Santoro, Donato; Arena, Umberto [Department of Environmental Sciences-Second University of Naples, Via Vivaldi, 43 81100 Caserta (Italy)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Sponsorship includes: Agriculture in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sponsorship includes: · Agriculture in the Classroom · Douglas County Farm Bureau · Gifford Farm · University of Nebraska Agricultural Research and Development Center · University of Nebraska- Lincoln Awareness Coalition is to help youth, primarily from urban communities, become aware of agriculture

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

338

Wood/coal cofiring in industrial stoker boilers  

SciTech Connect

Realizing that a significant reduction in the global emissions of fossil carbon dioxide may require the installation of a wide variety of control technologies, options for large and small boilers are receiving attention. With over 1,500 coal-fired stoker boilers in the US, biomass co-firing is of interest, which would also open markets for waste wood which is presently landfilled at significant costs ranging from $20--200/ton. While much cofiring occurs inside the fence, where industrial firms burn wastes in their site boilers, other opportunities exist. Emphasis has been placed on stoker boilers in the northeastern US, where abundant supplies of urban wood waste are generally known to exist. Broken pallets form a significant fraction of this waste. In 1997, the cofiring of a volumetric mixture of 30% ground broken pallet material and 70% coal was demonstrated successfully at the traveling-grate stoker boilerplant of the Pittsburgh Brewing Company. Fourteen test periods, with various wood/coal mixtures blended on site, and two extended test periods, using wood/coal mixtures blended at the coal terminal and transported by truck to the brewery, were conducted. The 30% wood/70% coal fuel was conveyed through the feed system without difficulty, and combusted properly on the grate while meeting opacity requirements with low SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} emissions. Efforts are underway to commercialize a wood/coal blend at the brewery, to identify specific urban wood supplies in the Pittsburgh region and to conduct a demonstration at a spreader stoker.

Cobb, J.T. Jr.; Elder, W.W.; Freeman, M.C.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Furnace Black Characterization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Furnace Black Furnace Black Characterization Sid Richardson Carbon Co Fort Worth, TX Dr. Michel Gerspacher 005F 2 Definitions Particle Aggregate = 20nm to 100nm "Diameter" = 200nm to 1,000nm "Length" = Set of Percolated Aggregates Particle (?) Aggregate Agglomerate Constituents Size = Tech/Scientific Challenge 005F 3 Furnace Process High Temperature Refractory Feedstock Oil Air Natural Gas Reaction Zone Quench 005F 4 Specific Surface Area 005F 5 Structure 3-D Morphology Key Characteristic Summary of Crystallographic Studies 005F 7 Methodologies 005F 8 Summary * For all furnace carbon black 12√Ö < L C < 17√Ö * Crystallite L a ‚Čą 25√Ö * Amorphous Carbon * No micropores * Very few surface groups (hetero atoms) { 005F 9 Effect of Heat Treatment on Amorphous Carbon

340

Indoor Levels of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Homes with or without Wood Burning for Heating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Indoor Levels of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Homes with or without Wood Burning for Heating ... One wood-burning home had a boiler located in a shelter outside the house and was excluded from the study. ... The concentrations of BaP in the wood-burning homes (0.52 ng/m3) were within the range reported for an American home during operation of different airtight wood stoves (20) and for seven homes during wood burning in airtight wood stoves (21). ...

Pernilla Gustafson; Conny ÷stman; Gerd Sšllsten

2008-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

1 - Wood fibres as reinforcements in natural fibre composites: structure, properties, processing and applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: Wood fibres are the most abundantly used cellulose fibre. They have been extensively used in the modern composite industry due to their specific characteristics. This chapter systematically describes the structure, properties, processing and applications of wood fibres as reinforcements in natural fibre composites: first, the nature and behaviour of wood fibres and the developed technologies for the modification of wood fibres to enhance physical and mechanical properties (e.g. surface functionality and tensile strength) are investigated; the matrices and processing techniques for the development of wood fibre composites are then discussed; and finally, the properties and applications of wood fibre composites in industrial sectors are presented.

D. Dai; M. Fan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Milnor-Wood inequalities for manifolds which are locally a product of surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The classical Milnor-Wood inequalities for the Euler number of flat oriented vector bundles over surfaces are generalized for higher dimensional closed manifolds that admit a local structure of products of planes. These include products of surfaces as well as closed Hilbert-Blumenthal modular varieties. As a consequence, the Chern Conjecture is confirmed for such manifolds. For manifolds admitting a rigid locally symmetric structure, a complete classification is given for the flat vector bundles with nonzero Euler number. Some of the main results were announced in C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Ser. I 346 (2008) 661-666.

Bucher, Michelle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Black holes at accelerators.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 05 11 12 8v 3 6 A pr 2 00 6 Black Holes at Accelerators Bryan Webber Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK In theories with large extra dimensions and TeV-scale gravity, black holes... 2000 3000 Missing ET (GeV) Ar bi tra ry S ca le p p ? QCD SUSY 5 TeV BH (n=6) 5 TeV BH (n=2) (PT > 600 GeV) (SUGRA point 5) Figure 10: Missing transverse energy for various processes at the LHC. 4.2. Event Characteristics Turning from single...

Webber, Bryan R

344

Journal of Hazardous Materials A135 (2006) 2131 Leaching of chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood in a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-treated wood is incinerated, resulting arsenic emis- sions demand the use of proper air pollution control, mining waste, or wood. The feasibility of managing CCA-treated wood in monofills was examined using

Florida, University of

345

Drought effects on litterfall, wood production and belowground carbon cycling in an Amazon forest: results of a throughfall reduction experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...properly cited. Drought effects on litterfall, wood production and belowground carbon cycling in an...Barbosa, 136, 68005-080 Santarem, Para, Brazil 2 Woods Hole Research Center149 Woods Hole Road, Falmouth, MA 02543, USA 3 Department...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Polar Shear Lag Analysis of a Composite of Concentric Cylinders with Longitudinal Cracks: Application to Internal Checking in Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Application to Internal Checking in Wood J.A.Nairn Wood Science and Engineering, Oregon State University the existence of internal checks lowers the value of the wood when it is milled into lumber (due to detrimental

Nairn, John A.

347

Sulfur accumulation in pinewood (Pinus sylvestris) induced by bacteria in a simulated seabed environment: Implications for marine archaeological wood and fossil fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fresh pinewood blocks were submerged in sulfate and iron(II) containing media, inoculated with bacterial consortia isolated from seawater, aiming to simulate the seabed conditions of the Vasa shipwreck (1628). The consortia contained erosion (EB) and sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB). Sulfur K-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy and scanning X-ray spectromicroscopy images showed that organic sulfur, mainly thiols (R-SH), had accumulated in the lignin-rich middle lamella in EB-degraded parts of the wood. The sulfur content in the wood increased more than 10 times in 2 years. In another series with active inoculums from marine archaeological wood, the sulfur XANES spectra showed, after 4 years of anaerobic treatment, considerable amounts also of inorganic iron sulfides, Fe1?xS, which oxidized at atmospheric exposure. A sediment sample from the Vasa's seabed was also rich in iron sulfides, including pyrite, FeS2. X-ray fluorescence mappings of sulfur and phosphorous distributions indicate that scavenging SRB penetration, producing hydrogen sulfide in situ, is restricted to EB-degraded parts of the wood structure. The sulfur isotope depletion of 34S from ?34S†=†21Č in marine sulfate to ?34S†=†6Č and 1.8Č for fractions of reduced sulfur and sulfate separated from a Vasa wood sample, respectively, suggests bacterial transformation. A fuller understanding of the routes of sulfur accumulation, as reactive iron sulfides and as organic sulfur, has important implications for improving conservation methods of marine archaeological wood. Moreover, the biogenic accumulation of organically bound sulfur, specifically in lignin-rich parts of waterlogged wood, has wider geochemical significance for fossil fuels of marine origin, as lignin-rich humic matter is important for the diagenetic formation of kerogens from anoxic marine sediments.

Yvonne Fors; Thomas Nilsson; Emiliana Damian Risberg; Magnus SandstrŲm; Peter Torssander

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Extremal black disks in QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that in the high energy QCD a true black disk wave function necessarily contains many quarks. This corresponds to necessity of non-vacuum reggeon loops in formation of a black disk. The result comes from decomposition of the black disk S-matrix in characters on group manifold.

Alexey V. Popov

2008-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

349

Black holes and black strings in plane waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the construction of black holes and black strings in vacuum plane wave spacetimes using the method of matched asymptotic expansions. We find solutions of the linearised equations of motion in the asymptotic region for a general source on a plane wave background. We observe that these solutions do not satisfy our previously defined conditions for being asymptotically plane wave. Hence, the space of asymptotically plane wave solutions is restricted. We consider the solution in the near region, treating the plane wave as a perturbation of a black object, and find that there is a regular black string solution but no regular black hole solution.

Julian Le Witt; Simon F. Ross

2009-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

350

Comminution process to produce precision wood particles of uniform size and shape with disrupted grain structure from wood chips  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process of comminution of wood chips (C) having a grain direction to produce a mixture of wood particles (P), wherein the wood chips are characterized by an average length dimension (L.sub.C) as measured substantially parallel to the grain, an average width dimension (W.sub.C) as measured normal to L.sub.C and aligned cross grain, and an average height dimension (H.sub.C) as measured normal to W.sub.C and L.sub.C, and wherein the comminution process comprises the step of feeding the wood chips in a direction of travel substantially randomly to the grain direction through a counter rotating pair of intermeshing arrays of cutting discs (D) arrayed axially perpendicular to the direction of wood chip travel, wherein the cutting discs have a uniform thickness (T.sub.D), and wherein at least one of L.sub.C, W.sub.C, and H.sub.C is greater than T.sub.D.

Dooley, James H; Lanning, David N

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

351

Hancock-Wood Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hancock-Wood Electric Coop Inc Hancock-Wood Electric Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Hancock-Wood Electric Coop Inc Place Ohio Utility Id 8034 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Farm Service-R-107 Commercial Farm Sevice R-207 Commercial Farm Sevice R-207(Transformer Capacity in Excess of 25kVA) Commercial LPS Rate 12 (Mainland) Industrial LPS Rate 12KI (Kelleys Island) Industrial NR Rate GS-8KI (Kelleys Island) Commercial NR Rate GS-8M (Mainland) Commercial NR Rate GS-9KI - Kelleys Island Over 25 kW Commercial

352

Gasification of black liquor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A concentrated aqueous black liquor containing carbonaceous material and alkali metal sulfur compounds is treated in a gasifier vessel containing a relatively shallow molten salt pool at its bottom to form a combustible gas and a sulfide-rich melt. The gasifier vessel, which is preferably pressurized, has a black liquor drying zone at its upper part, a black liquor solids gasification zone located below the drying zone, and a molten salt sulfur reduction zone which comprises the molten salt pool. A first portion of an oxygen-containing gas is introduced into the gas space in the gasification zone immediatley above the molten salt pool. The remainder of the oxygen-containing gas is introduced into the molten salt pool in an amount sufficient to cause gasification of carbonaceous material entering the pool from the gasification zone but not sufficient to create oxidizing conditions in the pool. The total amount of the oxygen-containing gas introduced both above the pool and into the pool constitutes between 25 and 55% of the amount required for complete combustion of the black liquor feed. A combustible gas is withdrawn from an upper portion of the drying zone, and a melt in which the sulfur content is predominantly in the form of alkali metal sulfide is withdrawn from the molten salt sulfur reduction zone.

Kohl, Arthur L. (Woodland Hills, CA)

1987-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

353

Black brane steady states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We follow the evolution of an asymptotically AdS black brane with a fixed temperature gradient at spatial infinity until a steady state is formed. The resulting energy density and energy flux of the steady state in the boundary theory are compared to a conjecture on the behavior of steady states in conformal field theories. Very good agreement is found.

Amado, Irene

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Inside a black hole  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... interior. These models reveal several significantly different behaviours. The simplest model, of a 'Schwarzschild' black hole, which possesses mass but no charge or angular momentum, has an ... into account, seal off the 'tunnel', and yield an interior similar to the Schwarzschild model, with an all-encompassing crushing singularity. More recently, there have been attempts6- ...

William A. Hiscock

1991-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

355

Appendix F Cultural Resources, Including  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appendix F Appendix F Cultural Resources, Including Section 106 Consultation STATE OF CALIFORNIA - THE RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN, JR., Governor OFFICE OF HISTORIC PRESERVATION DEPARTMENT OF PARKS AND RECREATION 1725 23 rd Street, Suite 100 SACRAMENTO, CA 95816-7100 (916) 445-7000 Fax: (916) 445-7053 calshpo@parks.ca.gov www.ohp.parks.ca.gov June 14, 2011 Reply in Reference To: DOE110407A Angela Colamaria Loan Programs Office Environmental Compliance Division Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave SW, LP-10 Washington, DC 20585 Re: Topaz Solar Farm, San Luis Obispo County, California Dear Ms. Colamaria: Thank you for seeking my consultation regarding the above noted undertaking. Pursuant to 36 CFR Part 800 (as amended 8-05-04) regulations implementing Section

356

Study on properties of simul wood (Bombax ceiba L.) impregnated with styrene acrylonitrile copolymer, TiO2, and nanoclay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dimensional stability, thermal, and water repellency are very important properties of wood. In this research, wood polymer nanocomposite (WPNC) has been prepared by impregnation of styrene acrylonitrile copoly...

Rashmi R. Devi; Tarun K. Maji

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Cavity availability and use in hardwood forests with emphasis on wood ducks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-oak (Pinus spp.-Quercus spp.) forest stands, respectively. Cavities with entrance dimensions suitable for entry by wood ducks (Aix sponsa) were inspected for suitability as wood duck nesting sites. Total cavity densities were similar between forest stands...

Wolter, Derrick Wayne

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Economic Modeling of Energy Supply from Burning Wood Wastes at British Columbia Pulp and Paper Mills  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the use of wood wastes to replace the extensive fossil-fuel consumption ... Columbia, and the further use of wood wastes to produce electricity at these mills. The ... would be willing to pay ...

A. J. CoxÖ

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Effect of SiO2 and nanoclay on the properties of wood polymer nanocomposite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wood polymer composite (WPC) were developed by using solution blended high density polyethylene, low density polyethylene, polypropylene, poly(vinyl chloride), Phragmites karka wood flour and polyethylene-co...-g...

Biplab K. Deka; Tarun K. Maji

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Design and Operation of a Circulating Fluidized Bed Gasifier for Wood Powders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces a circulating fluidized bed gasifier (CFBG) with a diameter of 410mm,...2...h for wood powders. The CFBG has been operated in Press Wood Products factory, utilizing its wastes, for more than...

Xu Bingyan; Wu Jiagzhi; Luo ZengfenÖ

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Strength Specifications and Methods of Test for Structural Grades of Cryogenic Balsa Wood Insulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Balsa wood is a useful material for cryogenic applications owing to its relatively high structural strength and good thermal insulating properties that increase with decreasing temperatures. Balsa wood insulation

G. E. Padawer

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Sustainable Use of Regional Wood Biomass in Kushida River Basin, Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The wood biomass supply may change with altered forest management practices (thinning, harvesting, and plantation), and a few studies have focused ... of forest management from the view point of wood biomass prod...

Makoto Ooba; Tsuyoshi Fujita; Motoyuki MizuochiÖ

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

A New Method to Measure the Integrated Amount of Pollutants from Nonstationary Wood Combustion Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wood firings usually show high concentrations of unburnt emissions during the start up and shut down periods. Since the range of flue gas can vary widely the common method to measure the emissions of wood firi...

Thomas Nussbaumer; Daniel Wagner

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

FRED E. WOOD University of California, Davis, Ph.D., Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry, 1984  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FRED E. WOOD EDUCATION University of California, Davis, Ph.D., Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry scholarship and $1 million for endowed reentry student scholarships. #12;FRED E. WOOD Page 2 Obtained over

Amin, S. Massoud

365

Milnor-Wood type inequalities for Higgs bundles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explain how the generalized Milnor-Wood inequality of Burger and Iozzi for reductive representations of a cocompact complex-hyperbolic lattice into a Hermitian Lie group translates under Simpson's non-abelian Hodge correspondence into an inequality for topological invariants of the corresponding Higgs bundles. In this way, we obtain an inequality that holds for all Hermitian Lie groups, generalizing the Milnor-Wood type inequalities for Higgs bundles that have been proved for the classical Hermitian Lie groups by Bradlow, Garcia-Prada, and Gothen and by Koziarz and Maubon.

Hartnick, Tobias

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Refractory for Black Liquor Gasifiers  

SciTech Connect

The University of Missouri-Rolla will identify materials that will permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project will be to resolve the materials problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LFHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study will define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials may be selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; are functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development will be divided into 2 tasks: Task 1, Development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesia aluminate and baria aluminate spinels for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO and SiC. Task 2, Finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

William L. Headrick Jr; Alireza Rezaie

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Refractory for Black Liquor Gasifiers  

SciTech Connect

The University of Missouri-Rolla identified materials that permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project was to resolve the material problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LPHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study attempted to define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials were selected or developed that reacted with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; and were functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical and physical properties and chemical stability; and are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development was divided into 2 tasks: Task 1 was development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesium aluminate and barium aluminate for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO2 and SiC. Task 2 was finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

William L. Headrick Jr; Alireza Rezaie; Xiaoting Liang; Musa Karakus; Jun Wei

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

REFRACTORY FOR BLACK LIQUOR GASIFIERS  

SciTech Connect

The University of Missouri-Rolla will identify materials that will permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project will be to resolve the materials problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LFHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study will define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials may be selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; are functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development will be divided into 2 tasks: Task 1, Development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesia aluminate and baria aluminate spinels for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO and SiC. Task 2, Finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

William L. Headrick Jr.; Alireza Rezaie

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Refractory for Black Liquor Gasifiers  

SciTech Connect

The University of Missouri-Rolla will identify materials that will permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project will be to resolve the materials problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LFHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study will define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials may be selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; are functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development will be divided into 2 tasks: Task 1, Development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesia aluminate and baria aluminate spinels for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO and SiC. Task 2, Finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

William L. Headrick Jr; Alireza Rezaie

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Refractory for Black Liquor Gasifiers  

SciTech Connect

The University of Missouri-Rolla will identify materials that will permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project will be to resolve the materials problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LFHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study will define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials may be selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; are functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development will be divided into 2 tasks: Task 1, Development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesia aluminate and baria aluminate spinels for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO and SiC. Task 2, Finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

Robert E. Moore; William L. Headrick; Alireza Rezaie

2003-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

371

Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 01/13/14 7.83 7.76 7.90 8.91 8.76 8.11 3.68 01/06/14 8.00 7.78 7.94 8.92 8.74 8.09 3.69 12/30/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.68 12/23/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.63 12/16/13 7.86 7.79 8.05 9.00 8.78 8.08 3.61 12/9/13 7.95 7.81 8.14 8.99 8.80 8.12 3.63 12/2/13 7.91 7.68 8.07 8.85 8.68 8.08 3.64 11/25/13 7.69 7.61 8.07 8.77 8.63 7.97 3.65 11/18/13 7.99 7.54 8.00 8.70 8.57 7.92 3.57 11/11/13 7.63 7.44 7.79 8.63 8.46 7.85 3.55 11/4/13 7.70 7.51 7.98 8.70 8.59 7.86 3.61 10/28/13 8.02 7.74 8.08 8.96 8.79 8.04 3.64 10/21/13 7.91 7.71 8.11 8.94 8.80 8.05 3.70 10/14/13 7.88 7.62 8.05 8.87 8.74 7.97 3.69

372

Role of dipole charges in black hole thermodynamics  

SciTech Connect

Modern derivations of the first law of black holes appear to show that the only charges that arise are monopole charges that can be obtained by surface integrals at infinity. However, the recently discovered five dimensional black ring solutions empirically satisfy a first law in which dipole charges appear. We resolve this contradiction and derive a general form of the first law for black rings. Dipole charges do appear together with a corresponding potential. We also include theories with Chern-Simons terms and generalize the first law to other horizon topologies and more generic local charges.

Copsey, Keith; Horowitz, Gary T. [Department of Physics, UCSB, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

Presentation 2.6: Wood waste for energy: lessons learnt from tropical regions Paul Vantomme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Presentation 2.6: Wood waste for energy: lessons learnt from tropical regions Paul Vantomme of forest products with more value adding, and promoting the use of wood waste to increase energy efficiency to promote the use of wood waste for energy production. Not only the financial viability of the process needs

374

A SIMPLE PROOF OF THE FARY-WAGNER THEOREM DAVID R. WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A SIMPLE PROOF OF THE F¬īARY-WAGNER THEOREM DAVID R. WOOD The purpose of this note is to give at most two. 1 #12;2 DAVID R. WOOD denote the circle of radius centred at s. For each neighbour: david.wood@upc.edu #12;

Wood, David R.

375

Wood science education in a changing world: A case study of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood science education in a changing world: A case study of the UMASS-Amherst building materials & wood technology program, 1965-2005 David T. Damery Peggi Clouston Paul R. Fisette Abstract This paper discusses the historical and current day need for education in the area of building materials and wood

Schweik, Charles M.

376

WOOD DUCK BROOD MOVEMENTS AND HABITAT USE ON PRAIRIE RIVERS IN SOUTH DAKOTA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WOOD DUCK BROOD MOVEMENTS AND HABITAT USE ON PRAIRIE RIVERS IN SOUTH DAKOTA DIANE A. GRANFORS.'·2. SD 57007. USA ~ .· Absfm£'f: Wood duck (Air SI)0/1.5O) populations have been increasing in the Central Flyway. but little is known about wood duck brood rearing in prairie e

377

Wood piece quality evaluation using Choquet integral and fuzzy merging Jeremy Jover1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood piece quality evaluation using Choquet integral and fuzzy merging Jeremy Jover1,2 , Vincent,fuzzy operators, Choquet integral, divergent process Abstract: This paper presents a way to evaluate the wood (what is ideally expected). The wood industry is also concerned by these di- vergent process problems

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

378

ORIGINAL PAPER L. Voc adlo K. S. Knight G. D. Price I. G. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORIGINAL PAPER L. Voc√Ź adlo √° K. S. Knight √° G. D. Price √° I. G. Wood Thermal expansion and crystal discussed by Wood et al. (1996), Voc√Ź adlo et al. (1999, 2000) and Mattheiss and Hamann (1993002690100202 L. Voc√Ź adlo (&) √° G. D. Price √° I. G. Wood Department of Geological Sciences, University College

Vocadlo, Lidunka

379

Large wood recruitment and redistribution in headwater streams in the southern Oregon Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large wood recruitment and redistribution in headwater streams in the southern Oregon Coast Range, U.S.A.1 Christine L. May and Robert E. Gresswell Abstract: Large wood recruitment and redistribution and topographic setting strongly influenced processes that delivered wood to the channel network. In small

May, Christine L.

380

Wood Transportation Systems-A Spin-Off of a Computerized Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Transportation Systems-A Spin-Off of a Computerized Information and Mapping Technique William of the system to determine the allocation and association of wood sources and markets. INTRODUCTION In December strategies of wood origins and potential markets to be correlated very accurately and rapidly. Transportation

Standiford, Richard B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Use of Wood Waste in Rehabilitation of Landings Constructed on Fine-Textured  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use of Wood Waste in Rehabilitation of Landings Constructed on Fine-Textured Soils, Central rehabilitated with three operationally feasible treatments: (1) incorpora- tion of waste wood chips (140 t of chipped wood wastes, with appropriate supplementary N fertilization, in rehabilitation of access

Sanborn, Paul

382

Management of Discarded Treated Wood Products: A Resource Guide for Generators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Is treated wood a hazardous waste? c. Disposal with household waste. d. Disposal with yard waste. e. Burning for homeowners, contractors, waste management professionals, and other parties needing information on management/environmental concerns c. Special handling 4. Management options for treated wood a. Is treated wood a solid waste? b

Florida, University of

383

Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania International Wood Energy Market Developments Ed Pepke Forest Products Marketing Specialist UNECE/FAO Timber Section, Geneva #12;Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania Subjects I

384

Modeling Sediment and Wood Storage and Dynamics in Small Mountainous Watersheds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

85 Modeling Sediment and Wood Storage and Dynamics in Small Mountainous Watersheds Stephen T controls on supply and transport of sediment and wood in a small (approximately two square kilometers) basin in the Oregon Coast Range, typical of streams at the interface between episodic sediment and wood

385

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 36 (2001) 4681 4686 Deformation and energy absorption of wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 36 (2001) 4681­ 4686 Deformation and energy absorption of wood cell and Physics & Christian Doppler Laboratory for Fundamentals of Wood Machining, University of Agricultural of Meteorology and Physics & Christian Doppler Laboratory for Fundamentals of Wood Machining, University

Lichtenegger, Helga C.

386

Long Term Supply Agreements And Their Role in the Wood Procurement and Supply  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Long Term Supply Agreements And Their Role in the Wood Procurement and Supply System #12;Page 2 Agenda · Introduction · Traditional and Current Wood Procurement Systems. · Structure and Characteristics of the Wood Supply Chain. · Long Term Supply Agreements · Integrating Supply Agreements into an overall

387

World Wide Wood Network, Ltd. 2001-2002 Forest Products e-Commerce  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

World Wide Wood Network, Ltd. © 2001-2002 Forest Products e-Commerce An Oxymoron or Wave of the Future Presented by: Thomas J. Westbrook, JD President & CEO World Wide Wood Network, Ltd. http Collapsing time and space Communication World Wide Wood Network, Ltd. © 2001-2002 The Promise of the Internet

388

Enzyme and Microbial Technology 35 (2004) 648653 Batch and continuous fermentation of succinic acid from wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

acid from wood hydrolysate by Mannheimia succiniciproducens MBEL55E Do Yun Kim, Seong Chun Yim, Pyung out in a complex medium containing a NaOH- treated wood hydrolysate for the production of succinic acid. The wood hydrolysate based medium was treated with NaOH before sterilization to reduce

389

The effect of cowpox virus infection on fecundity in bank voles and wood mice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...infection on fecundity in bank voles and wood mice Sarah M. Feore 1 2 3 * Malcolm Bennett...bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus), wood mice (Apodemus sylvaticus) and field...reduce the fecundity of bank voles and wood mice by increasing the time to first litter...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Alternative Chemicals and Improved Disposal-End Management Practices for CCA-treated Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alternative Chemicals and Improved Disposal-End Management Practices for CCA-treated Wood (FINAL.7 Costs 54 II.8 Feedback from Wood Treaters and Large-End Users 56 CHAPTER III, DISPOSAL.3 Resource Book for the Wood Disposal Sector 85 CHAPTER IV IV.1 Conclusion and Recommendations IV.2

Florida, University of

391

| Blidworth Wood refreshment concession | JL | 20/01/2012 INVITATION TO TENDER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

| Blidworth Wood refreshment concession | JL | 20/01/2012 Sherwood INVITATION TO TENDER Catering concession rights For Blidworth Wood Nottinghamshire Last date for submission of tenders:- 13:00 hours on 16 Sherwood Office Edwinstowe Mansfield Notts NG21 9JL Tel: 01623 822447 #12;Blidworth Wood catering

392

SECTION 49 Table of Contents 49 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Inventory of Existing Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

49-1 SECTION 49 ­ Table of Contents 49 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Inventory of Existing Programs #12;49-2 49 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Inventory of Existing Programs ­ Terrestrial 49.1 Current Management Directions Within the Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin, fish and wildlife resources are co

393

COST E50 -Workplan 1 "CELL WALL MACROMOLECULES AND REACTION WOOD"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COST E50 - Workplan 1 COST E50 "CELL WALL MACROMOLECULES AND REACTION WOOD" (CEMARE) WORKPLAN A in the various cell wall layers determines the strength properties of individual fibres and solid wood. Moreover, it is a key parameter for the biomechanical function of wood in the living stem. Trees control the shape

394

Material Point Method Simulations of Transverse Fracture in Wood with Realistic Morphologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Material Point Method Simulations of Transverse Fracture in Wood with Realistic Morphologies By J. A. Nairn1 Wood Science & Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA Keywords used to simulate transverse fracture in solid wood. The simulations were run on the scale of growth

Nairn, John A.

395

Scene perception and the visual control of travel direction in navigating wood ants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...control of travel direction in navigating wood ants Thomas S. Collett 1 David D. Lent...to visual science. In it, we show for wood ants, as Mike has done for a variety of...head or body movements. In the case of wood ants, close examination of their body...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

A pilot study of children's exposure to CCA-treated wood from playground equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A pilot study of children's exposure to CCA-treated wood from playground equipment S.L. Shalat Health Sciences Institute (EOHSI), University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Arsenic from chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood, widely used in playgrounds and other outdoor

Florida, University of

397

Psychology of Reasoning Michiel van Lambalgen September 2002 David Wood & Marian Counihan Page:1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Psychology of Reasoning ­ Michiel van Lambalgen September 2002 David Wood & Marian Counihan Lambalgen September 2002 David Wood & Marian Counihan Page:2 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 17 #12;Psychology of Reasoning ­ Michiel van Lambalgen September 2002 David Wood & Marian Counihan

van Lambalgen, Michiel

398

Independent evolution of song structure and note structure in American wood warblers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...structure and note structure in American wood warblers Josh V. Buskirk Zoologishes Institut...example the songs of 51 North American wood warblers (Parulinae). I combined published...structure and note structure in American wood warblers JOSH VAN BUSKIRK oologishes Institut...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

A pilot study of children's exposure to CCA-treated wood from playground equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A pilot study of children's exposure to CCA-treated wood from playground equipment S.L. Shalat Health Sciences Institute (EOHSI), University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood online 17 February 2006 Abstract Arsenic from chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood, widely used

Florida, University of

400

SECTION 47 Table of Contents 47 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Inventory of Existing Programs Aquatic.2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

47-1 SECTION 47 ­ Table of Contents 47 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Inventory of Existing Programs #12;47-2 47 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Inventory of Existing Programs ­ Aquatic Large portions of Section 47 were contained within the Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Summary Report (2001) and are summarized

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

SECTION 51 Table of Contents 51 Lake Rufus Woods Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Plan ................2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

51-1 SECTION 51 ­ Table of Contents 51 Lake Rufus Woods Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Plan ................2 #12;51-2 51 Lake Rufus Woods Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Plan In light of the various is found in Section 2. #12;51-3 Table 51.1. Rufus Woods Subbasin research, monitoring, and evaluation plan

402

Fight tactics in wood ants: individuals in smaller groups fight harder but die faster  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...articles 1001 14 60 70 Fight tactics in wood ants: individuals in smaller groups fight...RHP influences agonistic tactics in red wood ants Formica rufa. Larger groups had higher...adjusted either up or down. Southern red wood ants, Formica rufa, engage in inter-group...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

SECTION 48 Table of Contents 48 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Assessment Terrestrial ............................2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

48-1 SECTION 48 ­ Table of Contents 48 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Assessment ­ Terrestrial 48.2 Wildlife of the Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin.......................................................................................17 #12;48-2 48 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Assessment ­ Terrestrial 48.1 Focal Habitats: Current

404

Preservative leaching from weathered CCA-treated wood Timothy Townsenda,*, Brajesh Dubeya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preservative leaching from weathered CCA-treated wood Timothy Townsenda,*, Brajesh Dubeya , Thabet copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood in landfills raises concerns with respect to leaching of preservative compounds. When unweathered CCA-treated wood is leached using the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure

Florida, University of

405

WOOD PROPERTIES AND THEIR VARIATIONS WITHIN THE TREE STEM OF LESSER-USED SPECIES OF TROPICAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WOOD PROPERTIES AND THEIR VARIATIONS WITHIN THE TREE STEM OF LESSER-USED SPECIES OF TROPICAL to utilization about the species. This paper examines physical and mechanical properties of wood. There was an overall increase of wood's physical and mechanical properties from the breast height to the top

406

Woods Hole Research Center Wind Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hole Research Center Wind Turbine Hole Research Center Wind Turbine Jump to: navigation, search Name Woods Hole Research Center Wind Turbine Facility Woods Hole Research Center Wind Turbine Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Woods Hole Research Center Developer Sustainable Energy Developments Energy Purchaser Woods Hole Research Center Location Falmouth MA Coordinates 41.548637¬į, -70.64326¬į Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.548637,"lon":-70.64326,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

407

Influence of Nanoclay on Properties of HDPE/Wood Composites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 2 Performance Engineered Composites, USDA Forest Service, absence of associated health hazards, easy fiber surface modification, wide availability, and relative, espe- cially wood plastic composites, which have success- fully proven their high qualities in various

408

2014 BRUIN WOODS SUMMER STAFF APPLICATION Name Birth Date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2014 BRUIN WOODS SUMMER STAFF APPLICATION Name Birth Date School Address Home Address Phone # ( ) E, Activities and Awards SKILLS, CERTIFICATES & QUALIFICATIONS CAMP SKILLS: On a scale of "0" (no knowledge_____________________________________________________________________________ CERTIFICATIONS (List expiration dates and certifying organizations) Lifeguard Boating Certification Archery

Williams, Gary A.

409

2012 BRUIN WOODS SUMMER STAFF APPLICATION Name Birth Date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2012 BRUIN WOODS SUMMER STAFF APPLICATION Name Birth Date School Address Home Address Phone # ( ) E, Activities and Awards SKILLS, CERTIFICATES & QUALIFICATIONS CAMP SKILLS: On a scale of 0 (no knowledge) to 3_____________________________________________________________________________ CERTIFICATIONS (List expiration dates and certifying organizations) Lifeguard Boating Certification NRA Riflery

Grether, Gregory

410

2013 BRUIN WOODS SUMMER STAFF APPLICATION Name Birth Date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2013 BRUIN WOODS SUMMER STAFF APPLICATION Name Birth Date School Address Home Address Phone # ( ) E, Activities and Awards SKILLS, CERTIFICATES & QUALIFICATIONS CAMP SKILLS: On a scale of "0" (no knowledge_____________________________________________________________________________ CERTIFICATIONS (List expiration dates and certifying organizations) Lifeguard Boating Certification NRA Riflery

Williams, Gary A.

411

Nanocellulose A sustainable nanomaterial derived from wood pulp with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanocellulose A sustainable nanomaterial derived from wood pulp with applications in composites, sensors, and biomedical devices. The Sustainable Nano-Biocomposites lab in the chemical engineering-renewable resources while offering better performance. #12;Research Program Research in the Sustainable Nano

Thompson, Michael

412

An Overview of the U.S. Wood Preserving Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preservatives · Oilborne Preservatives · Creosote Treatments · Fire Retardants · Additives · Concluding Comments · Waterborne Preservatives · Oilborne Preservatives · Creosote Treatments · Fire Retardants · Additives a baselinewas to develop a baseline profile of the treated woodprofile of the treated wood manufacturing

413

Wood-Fiber/High-Density-Polyethylene Composites: Coupling Agent Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood-Fiber/High-Density-Polyethylene Composites: Coupling Agent Performance John Z. Lu,1 Qinglin Wu structure. As a coupling agent, mal- eated polyethylene (MAPE) had a better performance in WPC than oxidized polyethylene (OPE) and pure polyeth- ylene (PPE) because of its stronger interfacial bonding. A combination

414

Ghosting in Anaglyphic Stereoscopic Images Andrew J. Woods*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ghosting in Anaglyphic Stereoscopic Images Andrew J. Woods* , Tegan Rourke Centre for Marine in the blue and green colour channels (blue + green = cyan). The observer wears a pair of glasses with one eye 8 9266 4799; http://www.cmst.curtin.edu.au; Centre for Marine Scie

415

INFLUENCE OF TORREFACTION TREATMENT ON WOOD POWDER PROPERTIES M. Almendrosa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is a thermal pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass before gazification. This mild form of pyrolysis, carried. The studied parameters are (i) the species of the biomass (spruce and beech) (ii) the torrefaction temperature: biomass to liquid (BtL), lignocellulosic sources, wood, torrefaction, analysis, characterization. 1

Boyer, Edmond

416

Pellet Production Wood Pellets are made by compressing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and still usually significantly cheaper than oil or LPG. Prices vary considerably between suppliers through a die. The heat generated by the pressure melts the lignin in the wood, binding the sawdust Energy Centre, (01420) 526197 · biomass.centre@forestry.gsi.gov.uk Information Sheet 8 · Domestic Heating

417

Production of chemical feedstock by the methanolysis of wood  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is discussed for the production of ethylene, benzene and carbon monoxide from particulated biomass such as wood by reaction with methane at a temperature of from 700/sup 0/C to 1200/sup 0/C, at a pressure of from 20 psi to 100 psi for a period of from 0.2 to 10 seconds.

Steinberg, M.; Fallon, P.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Wood Fuel Future: The Potential Web Text December 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wth for one family, with larger scale systems of 1 MWth heating 200 houses. Small scale wood fuel electricity provide electricity for up to 30,000 houses. Many electricity generating systems also produce heat and are called Combined Heat and Power systems. kWth = kilowatt thermal (i.e. heat) kWe = kilowatt electricity

419

AN EXAMINATION OF WOOD RECYCLING PROVISIONS IN NORTH AMERICAN GREEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

! ! ! AN EXAMINATION OF WOOD RECYCLING PROVISIONS IN NORTH AMERICAN GREEN BUILDING PROGRAMS DR. JIM in North American Green Building Programs Introduction Recycled content is a prominent aspect of many North American green building standards, with use of such materials awarded or specified. Construction

420

Physiological Insights Towards Improving Fish Culture L. CURRY WOODS III*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physiological Insights Towards Improving Fish Culture L. CURRY WOODS III* Department of Animal, and American Fisheries Society (AFS) Fish Culture Section, was held February 26 through March 2, 2007, in San Antonio, Texas. At this meeting, the AFS Fish Culture and Fish Physiol- ogy Sections co

Hamza, Iqbal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Marketing of Tropical Hardwood Wood Products from Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing of Tropical Hardwood Wood Products from Ghana: An Exploratory Study Kofi Poku Richard Vlosky Forest Products Marketing Program Louisiana Forest Products Laboratory Louisiana State University Agricultural Center #12;Overview · Background - the forest of Ghana · Current forest industry and market

422

Banagrass vs Eucalyptus Wood as Feedstocks for Metallurgical Biocarbon Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Brazil, Eucalyptus wood charcoal is used to smelt iron ore, but there is interest in the use of charcoal produced from other biomass feedstocks. ... Because biomass feedstocks possess widely varying properties, a variety of materials is being evaluated for their suitability for biocarbon production. ... Table 6 summarizes the productivities of the two biomass feedstocks and their charcoal properties. ...

Takuya Yoshida; Scott Q. Turn; Russell S. Yost; Michael Jerry Antal, Jr.

2008-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

423

APPLICATION OF NELSON'S SORPTION ISOTHERM TO WOOD COMPOSITES AND OVERLAYS'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APPLICATION OF NELSON'S SORPTION ISOTHERM TO WOOD COMPOSITES AND OVERLAYS' Qinglin Wu Assistant in both adsorption and desorption at 2 9 2 . The EMC- RH data were fit to Nelson's sorption isotherm materials. The parameters that define the sorption isotherm varied with material type and sorption mode

424

Potential for comparison drying of green wood chip fuel  

SciTech Connect

Equipment currently designed for and in use by the forest products industry for the dewatering of wood bark and chips by mechanical pressure can only reduce the moisture content (MC) to 45 or 50% (wet basis). Thus, this equipment is suited to remove water added in processing but not free water normally present in green wood. Exploratory research described in this paper has shown on a laboratory scale that the proper application of high pressure to green wood chips can remove the water from cell lumens, thus reducing the MC to 35% or less. Further, this water removal may be accomplished in an energy efficient manner. The ratio of energy increase of the fuel (increase in recoverable heat) to the mechanical energy required for water removal was found to vary from 67:1 to 240:1. This ratio depends upon wood specific gravity (SG) green MC, and mode of compression. A theoretical relationship between volumetric compression, MC, SG, and water extracted was developed and tested on several species of softwoods and hardwoods. The cost savings for fuel and boiler investment in a hypothetical situation are presented to illustrate the economic potential of the process if production scale equipment can be developed. (17 references).

Haygreen, J.G.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Production of chemical feedstock by the methanolysis of wood  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for the production of ethylene, benzene and carbon monoxide from particulated biomass such as wood by reaction with methane at a temperature of from 700.degree. C. to 1200.degree. C., at a pressure of from 20 psi to 100 psi for a period of from 0.2 to 10 seconds.

Steinberg, Meyer (Melville, NY); Fallon, Peter (East Moriches, NY)

1984-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

426

Supermassive Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supermassive black holes have generally been recognized as the most destructive force in nature. But in recent years, they have undergone a dramatic shift in paradigm. These objects may have been critical to the formation of structure in the early universe, spawning bursts of star formation and nucleating proto-galactic condensations. Possibly half of all the radiation produced after the Big Bang may be attributed to them, whose number is now known to exceed 300 million. The most accessible among them is situated at the Center of Our Galaxy. In the following pages, we will examine the evidence that has brought us to this point, and we will understand why many expect to actually image the event horizon of the Galaxy's central black hole within this decade.

Fulvio Melia

2007-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

427

Black hole lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High frequency dispersion does not alter the low frequency spectrum of Hawking radiation from a single black hole horizon, whether the dispersion entails subluminal or superluminal group velocities. We show here that in the presence of an inner horizon as well as an outer horizon the superluminal case differs dramatically however. The negative energy partners of Hawking quanta return to the outer horizon and stimulate more Hawking radiation if the field is bosonic or suppress it if the field is fermionic. This process leads to exponential growth or damping of the radiated flux and correlations among the quanta emitted at different times, unlike in the usual Hawking effect. These phenomena may be observable in condensed matter black hole analogues that exhibit ďsuperluminalĒ dispersion.

Steven Corley and Ted Jacobson

1999-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

428

Environmental assessment of the atlas bio-energy waste wood fluidized bed gasification power plant. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Atlas Bio-Energy Corporation is proposing to develop and operate a 3 MW power plant in Brooklyn, New York that will produce electricity by gasification of waste wood and combustion of the produced low-Btu gas in a conventional package steam boiler coupled to a steam-electric generator. The objectives of this project were to assist Atlas in addressing the environmental permit requirements for the proposed power plant and to evaluate the environmental and economic impacts of the project compared to more conventional small power plants. The project`s goal was to help promote the commercialization of biomass gasification as an environmentally acceptable and economically attractive alternative to conventional wood combustion. The specific components of this research included: (1) Development of a permitting strategy plan; (2) Characterization of New York City waste wood; (3) Characterization of fluidized bed gasifier/boiler emissions; (4) Performance of an environmental impact analysis; (5) Preparation of an economic evaluation; and (6) Discussion of operational and maintenance concerns. The project is being performed in two phases. Phase I, which is the subject of this report, involves the environmental permitting and environmental/economic assessment of the project. Pending NYSERDA participation, Phase II will include development and implementation of a demonstration program to evaluate the environmental and economic impacts of the full-scale gasification project.

Holzman, M.I.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Provenance study and environments of deposition of the Pennslyvanian-Permian Wood River Formation, south-central Idaho, and the paleotectonic character of the Wood River basin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PROVENANCE STUDY AND ENVIRONMENTS OF DEPOSITION OF THE PENNSYLVANIAN-PERMIAN WOOD RIVER FORMATION, SOUTH-CENTRAL IDAHO, AND THE PALEOTECTONIC CHARACTER OF THE WOOD RIVER BASIN A 'Ihesis by CHRISTOPHER WILLIAM DEAN Submitted to the Graduate... College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December, 1982 Major Subject: Geology PROVENANCE STUDY AND ENVIRONMENTS OF DEPOSITION OF THE PENNSYLVANIAN-PERMIAN WOOD RIVER FORMATION...

Dean, Christopher William

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

430

Uptake of Reactive Black 5 by pumice and walnut activated carbon: Chemistry and adsorption mechanisms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The potential of using pumice and walnut wood activated carbon as low-cost adsorbents for the removal of the diazo dye Reactive Black 5 (RB5) from aqueous solutions was investigated. The Langmuir isotherm fit to the data specified the presence of two different natures of adsorption sites with different binding energies on the AC-W surface. Kinetic modelling showed that the adsorption behaviour and mechanism of RB5 for both adsorbents is believed to happen via surface adsorption followed by diffusion into the pores of the AC-W and pumice. The main adsorption mechanisms are hydrogen bonding, electrostatic bonding and nĖ? interactions.

Behzad Heibati; Susana Rodriguez-Couto; Abdeltif Amrane; Mohd. Rafatullah; Alaa Hawari; Mohammad A. Al-Ghouti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Red-black Tree Jingjing Xia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced Algorithm Design Red-black Tree Jingjing Xia #12;Red-Black Tree A red-black tree is a binary search tree, and each node contains one extra field: its color, it can be either black or red of the binary search tree. If a binary search tree satisfies all the following red-black properties, it is a red

Chen, Yangjun

432

How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip November 3, 2011 - 11:19am Addthis This is the North Country School's 32,000-square-foot main building. Aligning with the school's commitment to a simple, sustainable lifestyle, the school is heated with a wood chip boiler that uses wood sourced from their sustainably managed woodlot and local forests. | Courtesy of North Country School This is the North Country School's 32,000-square-foot main building. Aligning with the school's commitment to a simple, sustainable lifestyle, the school is heated with a wood chip boiler that uses wood sourced from their sustainably managed woodlot and local forests. | Courtesy of North Country School Alice Dasek Project Officer, Department of Energy State Energy Program

433

How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip November 3, 2011 - 11:19am Addthis This is the North Country School's 32,000-square-foot main building. Aligning with the school's commitment to a simple, sustainable lifestyle, the school is heated with a wood chip boiler that uses wood sourced from their sustainably managed woodlot and local forests. | Courtesy of North Country School This is the North Country School's 32,000-square-foot main building. Aligning with the school's commitment to a simple, sustainable lifestyle, the school is heated with a wood chip boiler that uses wood sourced from their sustainably managed woodlot and local forests. | Courtesy of North Country School Alice Dasek Project Officer, Department of Energy State Energy Program

434

Report of Shelton wood-coal firing tests conducted March 16-April 2, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Wood and coal combinations were tested at representative steam rates while boiler performance, gaseous and particulate emissions were measured. Wood and coal combinations were tested at representative steam rates while boiler performance, gaseous and particulate emissions were measured. Wood contributed up to 50% of the Btu requirements of the boilers during the tests. The Quinault-Pacific system will permit selected green mill residues to be used in place of coal at the rate of 2.5 tons of wood per ton of coal. Green wood and coal are compatible fuels. Heat provided by the coal and other combustion effects are enough to offset the effects of moisture in green wood and in some cases improve boiler performance. The combined firing of wood with coal at typical steam rates results in better flyash collection, lower emissions, improved opacity, better cinder recovery and lower steam costs.

Not Available

1980-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

435

Dear colleagues, With the first newsletter "Tackle Climate Change: Use Wood" I intended to inform you on the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from the air by trees and can thus be considered a carbon store. Increased use of wood products hence you on the excellent environmental credentials of wood and wood-based products, in particular the recognition of wood-based products as carbon stores with a positive contribution to climate change

436

Evaluation of XRF and LIBS technologies for on-line sorting of CCA-treated wood waste  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluation of XRF and LIBS technologies for on-line sorting of CCA-treated wood waste Helena M Accepted 29 September 2003 Abstract Contamination of wood waste with chromated copper arsenate greatly limits recycling opportunities for the wood waste as a whole. Separation of CCA-treated wood from other

Florida, University of

437

Microsoft Word - CX-Shelton-Fairmount-WoodPolesFY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4, 2012 4, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR/Olympia SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Lee Web Line Foreman III - TFOF-Olympia Proposed Action: Wood pole replacements as needed on the Shelton-Fairmount No. 1, 115-kV transmission line PP&A Project No.: 2371; Work Order # 298004 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities Location: The subject transmission line is located in Mason and Jefferson counties, Washington, in Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Olympia Maintenance District. The transmission line ROW corridors cross public and privately-owned lands that include industrial forestlands and rural residential property. Four structures requiring replacement including 43/1,

438

Primary caustics and critical points behind a Kerr black hole  

SciTech Connect

The primary optical caustic surface behind a Kerr black hole is a four-cusped tube displaced from the line of sight. We derive the caustic surface in the nearly asymptotic region far from the black hole through a Taylor expansion of the lightlike geodesics up to and including fourth-order terms in m/b and a/b, where m is the black hole mass, a the spin, and b the impact parameter. The corresponding critical locus in the observer's sky is elliptical and a pointlike source inside the caustics will be imaged as an Einstein cross. With regard to lensing near critical points, a Kerr lens is analogous to a circular lens perturbed by a dipole and a quadrupole potential. The caustic structure of the supermassive black hole in the Galactic center could be probed by lensing of low mass x-ray binaries in the galactic inner regions or by hot spots in the accretion disk.

Sereno, Mauro; De Luca, Fabiana [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Zuerich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zuerich (Switzerland)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

Analytical Kerr black hole lensing in the weak deflection limit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present an analytical treatment of gravitational lensing by a Kerr black hole in the weak deflection limit. Lightlike geodesics are expanded as a Taylor series up to and including third-order terms in m/b and a/b, where m is the black hole mass, a the angular momentum, and b the impact parameter of the light ray. Positions and magnifications of individual images are computed with a perturbative analysis. At this order, the degeneracy with the translated Schwarzschild lens is broken. The critical curve is still a circle displaced from the black hole position in the equatorial direction and the corresponding caustic is pointlike. The degeneracy between the black hole spin and its inclination relative to the observer is broken through the angular coordinates of the perturbed images.

Mauro Sereno and Fabiana De Luca

2006-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

440

Primary caustics and critical points behind a Kerr black hole  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The primary optical caustic surface behind a Kerr black hole is a four-cusped tube displaced from the line of sight. We derive the caustic surface in the nearly asymptotic region far from the black hole through a Taylor expansion of the lightlike geodesics up to and including fourth-order terms in m/b and a/b, where m is the black hole mass, a the spin, and b the impact parameter. The corresponding critical locus in the observerís sky is elliptical and a pointlike source inside the caustics will be imaged as an Einstein cross. With regard to lensing near critical points, a Kerr lens is analogous to a circular lens perturbed by a dipole and a quadrupole potential. The caustic structure of the supermassive black hole in the Galactic center could be probed by lensing of low mass x-ray binaries in the galactic inner regions or by hot spots in the accretion disk.

Mauro Sereno and Fabiana De Luca

2008-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

URBAN WOOD/COAL CO-FIRING IN THE NIOSH BOILER PLANT  

SciTech Connect

Phase I of this project began by obtaining R&D variances for permits at the NIOSH boilerplant (NBP), Emery Tree Service (ETS) and the J. A. Rutter Company (JARC) for their portions of the project. Wood for the test burn was obtained from the JARC inventory (pallets), Thompson Properties and Seven D Corporation (construction wood), and the Arlington Heights Housing Project (demolition wood). The wood was ground at ETS and JARC, delivered to the Three Rivers Terminal and blended with coal. Three one-day tests using wood/coal blends of 33% wood by volume (both construction wood and demolition wood) were conducted at the NBP. Blends using hammermilled wood were operationally successful. Emissions of SO{sub 2} and NOx decreased and that of CO increased when compared with combusting coal alone. Mercury emissions were measured and evaluated. During the first year of Phase II the principal work focused upon searching for a replacement boilerplant and developing a commercial supply of demolition wood. The NBP withdrew from the project and a search began for another stoker boilerplant in Pennsylvania to replace it on the project. Three potential commercial demolition wood providers were contacted. Two were not be able to supply wood. At the end of the first year of Phase II, discussions were continuing with the third one, a commercial demolition wood provider from northern New Jersey. During the two-and-a-third years of the contract extension it was determined that the demolition wood from northern New Jersey was impractical for use in Pittsburgh, in another power plant in central New Jersey, and in a new wood gasifier being planned in Philadelphia. However, the project team did identify sufficient wood from other sources for the gasifier project. The Principal Investigator of this project assisted a feasibility study of wood gasification in Clarion County, Pennsylvania. As a result of the study, an independent power producer in the county has initiated a small wood gasification project at its site. Throughout much of this total project the Principal Investigator has counseled two small businesses in developing a waxed cardboard pellet business. A recent test burn of this biofuel appears successful and a purchase contract is anticipated soon. During the past two months a major tree-trimming firm has shown an active interest in entering the wood-chip fuel market in the Pittsburgh area and has contacted the NBP, among others, as potential customers. The NBP superintendent is currently in discussion with the facilities management of the Bruceton Research Center about resuming their interest in cofiring this renewable fuel to the stoker there.

James T. Cobb Jr.

2005-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

442

Wye Wood Project Tackling rural social deprivation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, communities and business at the heart of a sustainable partnership, the project has provided health Open College Network (OCN) qualifications. · To increase awareness of local woodlands for recreation of activities, including `Walking for Health', coppice craft workshops, buggy walking, building benches

443

Black hole foraging: feedback drives feeding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We suggest a new picture of supermassive black hole (SMBH) growth in galaxy centers. Momentum-driven feedback from an accreting hole gives significant orbital energy but little angular momentum to the surrounding gas. Once central accretion drops, the feedback weakens and swept-up gas falls back towards the SMBH on near-parabolic orbits. These intersect near the black hole with partially opposed specific angular momenta, causing further infall and ultimately the formation of a small-scale accretion disk. The feeding rates into the disk typically exceed Eddington by factors of a few, growing the hole on the Salpeter timescale and stimulating further feedback. Natural consequences of this picture include (i) the formation and maintenance of a roughly toroidal distribution of obscuring matter near the hole; (ii) random orientations of successive accretion disk episodes; (iii) the possibility of rapid SMBH growth; (iv) tidal disruption of stars and close binaries formed from infalling gas, resulting in visible fl...

Dehnen, Walter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Geometric description of BTZ black holes thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the properties of the space of thermodynamic equilibrium states of the Ba\\~nados-Teitelboim-Zanelli (BTZ) black hole in (2+1)-gravity. We use the formalism of geometrothermodynamics to introduce in the space of equilibrium states a $2-$dimensional thermodynamic metric whose curvature is non-vanishing, indicating the presence of thermodynamic interaction, and free of singularities, indicating the absence of phase transitions. Similar results are obtained for generalizations of the BTZ black hole which include a Chern-Simons term and a dilatonic field. Small logarithmic corrections of the entropy turn out to be represented by small corrections of the thermodynamic curvature, reinforcing the idea that thermodynamic curvature is a measure of thermodynamic interaction.

Hernando Quevedo; Alberto Sanchez

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

445

Why Blue-Collar Blacks Help Less  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Hispanics in the Why Blacks Help Less U.S. Economy, eds.71(1):42-71. Why Blacks Help Less Fernandez, Roberto M. andProblems 49 (1): 11- Why Blacks Help Less Heflin, Coleen M.

Smith, Sandra Susan; Young, Kara Alexis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Structurally assisted blackness in butterfly scales  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Structurally assisted blackness in butterfly scales...photonic structure| Structurally assisted blackness in butterfly scales...ultrastructure Structurally assisted blackness in butterfly scales...Controlled absorption of incident solar radiation is the principal...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Black-white asymmetry in visual perception  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tion of black and white in human vision. Investi- gativeneural responses to black and white ments are balanced, weand observers. The blackĖ white asymmetry with a ľ 1.28 is

Lu, Z.-L.; Sperling, G.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Black Stars and Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stars that are collapsing toward forming a black hole but are frozen near the Schwarzschild horizon are termed ``black stars''. Collisions of black stars, in contrast to black hole collisions, may be sources of gamma ray bursts, whose basic parameters are estimated quite simply and are found to be consistent with observed gamma ray bursts. Black star gamma ray bursts should be preceded by gravitational wave emission similar to that from the coalescence of black holes.

Tanmay Vachaspati

2007-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

449

Wood-Ridge, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wood-Ridge, New Jersey: Energy Resources Wood-Ridge, New Jersey: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.8456555¬į, -74.0879195¬į Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.8456555,"lon":-74.0879195,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

450

Meadow Woods, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Woods, Florida: Energy Resources Woods, Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 28.3855632¬į, -81.366459¬į Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":28.3855632,"lon":-81.366459,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

451

Mission Woods, Kansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mission Woods, Kansas: Energy Resources Mission Woods, Kansas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.0350053¬į, -94.6085677¬į Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.0350053,"lon":-94.6085677,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

452

Huntington Woods, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Woods, Michigan: Energy Resources Woods, Michigan: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 42.4805913¬į, -83.1668713¬į Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.4805913,"lon":-83.1668713,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

453

Black Holes And Their Entropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation covers two di erent but related topics: the construction of new black hole solutions and the study of the microscopic origin of black hole entropy. In the solution part, two di erent sets of new solutions are found. The rst...

Mei, Jianwei

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

454

Black Hole Energy Extraction Problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... non-rotating black hole the particle can be lowered to no closer than 1.14 Schwarzschild radii, and the energy extracted can be no more than 63.2 per cent ... gram of matter-and the rope could be lowered no closer than 5 x 1011 Schwarzschild radii. This seems to rule out black holes as practical sources of energy. ...

1972-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

455

Optical black holes and solitons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We exhibit a static, cylindrically symmetric, exact solution to the Euler-Heisenberg field equations (EHFE) and prove that its effective geometry contains (optical) black holes. It is conjectured that there are also soliton solutions to the EHFE which contain black hole geometries.

Shawn Westmoreland

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

456

MEMORANDUM TO: F ROM: GREGORY H. WOODS GENERAL COUNSEL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 4, 2013 February 4, 2013 MEMORANDUM TO: F ROM: GREGORY H. WOODS GENERAL COUNSEL CHRISTOPHER A.SMITH ÔŅĹ|=K= ACTING ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR FOSSIL ENERGY SUBJECT: Annual National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Planning Summaries for 2013 ISSUE: DOE Order 451.1B, Section 4.d, requires that an annual planning summary be prepared that briefly describes: {1) any Environmental Assessments (EAs) ongoing or expected to be

457

Water geochemistry of hydrothermal systems, Wood River District, Idaho  

SciTech Connect

Hydrothermal systems of the Wood River District, central Idaho, have been studied by geologic mapping of thermal spring areas and geochemical investigations of thermal and non-thermal waters. This report summarizes the new geochemical data gathered during the study. Integration of the results of geological and geochemical studies has led to development of a target model for hydrothermal resources on the margin of the Idaho Batholith. Warfield Hot Springs, with temperatures up to 58/sup 0/C, flow from a major shear zone along the margin of an apophysis of the batholith. Hailey Hot Springs, with temperatures up to 60/sup 0/C, occur in an area of multiple thrust faults and newly recognized, closely spaced normal faults in the Paleozoic Milligen and Wood River Formations, 2.5 km from a highly brecciated batholith contact. Other Wood River district hydrothermal systems also occur along the margins of batholith apophyses or in adjacent highly fractured Paleozoic rocks, where there are indications of batholith rocks at shallow depths (100 to 300 m) in water wells.

Zeisloft, J.; Foley, D.; Blackett, R.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

AMF Deployment, Black Forest, Germany  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Germany Germany Black Forest Deployment AMF Home Black Forest Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments CERA COPS Data University of Hohenheim COPS Website COPS Update, April 2009 Experiment Planning COPS Proposal Abstract and Related Campaigns Science Plan (PDF, 12.4M) Outreach COPS Backgrounder (PDF, 306K) Posters AMF Poster, German Vesion Researching Raindrops in the Black Forest News Campaign Images AMF Deployment, Black Forest, Germany Main Site: 48¬į 32' 24.18" N, 08¬į 23' 48.72" E Altitude: 511.43 meters In March 2007, the third deployment of the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) will take place in the Black Forest region of Germany, where scientists will study rainfall resulting from atmospheric uplift (convection) in mountainous terrain, otherwise known as orographic precipitation. ARM

459

String-Corrected Black Holes  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the geometry of four dimensional black hole solutions in the presence of stringy higher curvature corrections to the low energy effective action. For certain supersymmetric two charge black holes these corrections drastically alter the causal structure of the solution, converting seemingly pathological null singularities into timelike singularities hidden behind a finite area horizon. We establish, analytically and numerically, that the string-corrected two-charge black hole metric has the same Penrose diagram as the extremal four-charge black hole. The higher derivative terms lead to another dramatic effect -- the gravitational force exerted by a black hole on an inertial observer is no longer purely attractive! The magnitude of this effect is related to the size of the compactification manifold.

Hubeny, Veronika; Maloney, Alexander; Rangamani, Mukund

2005-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

460

Proceedings of the black liquor research program review fifth meeting  

SciTech Connect

On June 14--17, 1988 the participants and invited guests of the Cooperative Program in Kraft Recovery gathered in Charleston, South Carolina, to review progress on four major black liquor research programs being executed at the Institute of Paper Chemistry, the University of Maine, the National Bureau of Standards, and the University of Florida. These programs include: (1) Black Liquor Properties; (2) Black Liquor Droplet Formation; (3) Black Liquor Nozzle Evaluation; and (4) Black Liquor Combustion. In addition to the objectives of previous meetings, this meeting made a direct attempt to gather ideas on how to improve our ability to move from new technology concepts to commercial implementation. Also attached is the agenda for the Charleston meeting. The first two days were involved with updates and reviews of the four major black liquor programs. A half day was spent discussing pathways to implementation and developing thoughts on what industry, DOE and academia could do to facilitate commercial implementation of the research results. This publication is a summary of the presentations made in Charleston and the industry responses to the research work. Readers are cautioned that the contents are in-progress updates on the status of the research and do not represent referred technical papers. Any questions regarding the content should be referred to the principal investigators of the project.

Not Available

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes wood black" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Nearly extremal apparent horizons in simulations of merging black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spin angular momentum $S$ of an isolated Kerr black hole is bounded by the surface area $A$ of its apparent horizon: $8\\pi S \\le A$, with equality for extremal black holes. In this paper, we explore the extremality of individual and common apparent horizons for merging, rapidly spinning binary black holes. We consider simulations of merging black holes with equal masses $M$ and initial spin angular momenta aligned with the orbital angular momentum, including new simulations with spin magnitudes up to $S/M^2 = 0.994$. We measure the area and (using approximate Killing vectors) the spin on the individual and common apparent horizons, finding that the inequality $8\\pi S extremality by computing the smallest value that Booth and Fairhurst's extremality parameter can take for any scaling. Using this lower bound, we conclude that the common horizons are at least moderately close to extremal just after they appear. Finally, following Lovelace et al. (2008), we construct quasiequilibrium binary-black-hole initial data with "overspun" marginally trapped surfaces with $8\\pi S > A$ and for which our lower bound on their Booth-Fairhurst extremality exceeds unity. These superextremal surfaces are always surrounded by marginally outer trapped surfaces (i.e., by apparent horizons) with $8\\pi Sextremality lower bound on the enclosing apparent horizon is always less than unity but can exceed the value for an extremal Kerr black hole. (Abstract abbreviated.)

Geoffrey Lovelace; Mark A. Scheel; Robert Owen; Matthew Giesler; Reza Katebi; Bela Szilagyi; Tony Chu; Nicholas Demos; Daniel A. Hemberger; Lawrence E. Kidder; Harald P. Pfeiffer; Nousha Afshari

2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

462

CLIMATOLOGY OF VERTICAL AIR MOTION DURING RAINFALL IN NIAMEY, NIGER AND BLACK FOREST, GERMANY USING AN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CLIMATOLOGY OF VERTICAL AIR MOTION DURING RAINFALL IN NIAMEY, NIGER AND BLACK FOREST, GERMANY USING in Niamey, Niger and eight months in Germany's Black Forest. The AMF includes a vertically pointing 95 GHz of the orographically influenced precipitation in Germany's mountains. __________ NOTICE: This manuscript has been

463

Space X-ray Solves Mysteries of Black Holes | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Space X-ray Solves Mysteries of Black Holes Space X-ray Solves Mysteries of Black Holes Space X-ray Solves Mysteries of Black Holes March 13, 2013 - 3:57pm Addthis Space X-ray Solves Mysteries of Black Holes Anne M. Stark Senior Public Information Officer, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory "We know that black holes have a strong link to their host galaxy." Astrophysicist Bill Craig, a member of the LLNL team An international team including Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists has definitively measured the spin rate of a supermassive black hole for the first time. The findings, made by the two X-ray space observatories, NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) and the European Space Agency's XMM-Newton, solve a long-standing debate about similar measurements in

464

Corrected form of the first law of thermodynamics for regular black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show by explicit computations that there is a superficial inconsistency between the conventional first law of black hole thermodynamics and Bekenstein-Hawking area law for three types of regular black holes. The corrected form of the first law for these regular black holes is given. The derivation relies on the general structure of the energy-momentum tensor of the matter fields. When the black hole mass parameter $M$ is included in the energy-momentum tensor, the conventional form of the first law should be modified with an extra factor. In this case, the black hole mass $M$ can no longer be considered as the internal energy of the regular black holes.

Meng-Sen Ma; Ren Zhao

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

465

Corrected form of the first law of thermodynamics for regular black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show by explicit computations that there is a superficial inconsistency between the conventional first law of black hole thermodynamics and Bekenstein-Hawking area law for three types of regular black holes. The corrected form of the first law for these regular black holes is given. The derivation relies on the general structure of the energy-momentum tensor of the matter fields. When the black hole mass parameter $M$ is included in the energy-momentum tensor, the conventional form of the first law should be modified with an extra factor. In this case, the black hole mass $M$ can no longer be considered as the internal energy of the regular black holes.

Ma, Meng-Sen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Fuels for Schools Program Uses Leftover Wood to Warm Buildings | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fuels for Schools Program Uses Leftover Wood to Warm Buildings Fuels for Schools Program Uses Leftover Wood to Warm Buildings Fuels for Schools Program Uses Leftover Wood to Warm Buildings May 10, 2010 - 1:11pm Addthis Darby Schools received a woodchip heating system in 2003. Rick Scheele, facilities manager for the Darby schools, shows off the wood firebox | Photo Courtesy USFS Fuels for Schools, Dave Atkins Darby Schools received a woodchip heating system in 2003. Rick Scheele, facilities manager for the Darby schools, shows off the wood firebox | Photo Courtesy USFS Fuels for Schools, Dave Atkins Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE In parts of this country, wood seems like the outsider in the biomass family. New ethanol plants that grind down millions of bushels of corn in the Midwest and breakthroughs in algae along the coasts always garner the

467

14 - Life cycle assessment (LCA) of wood-based building materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: In this chapter we discuss major issues regarding life cycle assessment (LCA) and environmental performance analysis of wood-based building materials. We follow the life cycle of a wood product, beginning with a discussion of sustainable forestry and the growth of trees. We then discuss the processes of manufacturing wood-based building products, focusing on issues of adhesives and preservatives. We discuss the design and construction of buildings and infrastructure made of wood, with an emphasis on eco-design processes. We describe the system-wide material and energy flows associated with wood-based construction in a life cycle perspective, and discuss the climate benefits of using wood material from sustainably managed forests.

R. Sathre; S. GonzŠlez-GarcŪa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Umpqua Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Umpqua Hot Springs Umpqua Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Umpqua Hot Springs Area Exploration Technique Compound and Elemental Analysis Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the Salton Sea and Heber geothermal fields of southern California; and 7) the Dieng field in Central Java, Indonesia. We have analyzed the samples from

469

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Beowawe Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Beowawe Hot Compound and Elemental Analysis At Beowawe Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Beowawe Hot Springs Area Exploration Technique Compound and Elemental Analysis Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the Salton Sea and Heber geothermal fields of southern California; and 7) the

470

Water Sampling At Zim's Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Wood, 2002) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2002) 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water Sampling At Zim's Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Zim's Hot Springs Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the

471

Water Sampling At Dixie Valley Geothermal Field Area (Wood, 2002) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Sampling At Dixie Valley Geothermal Field Area Water Sampling At Dixie Valley Geothermal Field Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Dixie Valley Geothermal Field Area Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the Salton Sea and Heber geothermal fields of southern California; and 7) the

472

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Alvord Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Alvord Hot Springs Compound and Elemental Analysis At Alvord Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Alvord Hot Springs Area Exploration Technique Compound and Elemental Analysis Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the Salton Sea and Heber geothermal fields of southern California; and 7) the

473

Investigations on catalyzed steam gasification of biomass. Appendix A. Feasibility study of methane production via catalytic gasification of 2000 tons of wood per day  

SciTech Connect

A study has been made of the economic feasibility of producing substitute natural gas (SNG) from wood via catalytic gasification with steam. The plant design in this study was developed from information on gasifier operation supplied by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). The plant is designed to process 2000 tons per day of dry wood to SNG. Plant production is 21.6 MM scfd of SNG with a HHV of 956 Btu per scf. All process and support facilities necessary to convert wood to SNG are included. The plant location is Newport, Oregon. The capital cost for the plant is $95,115,000 - September, 1980 basis. Gas production costs which allow for return on capital have been calculated for various wood prices for both utility and private investor financing. For utility financing, the gas production costs are respectively $5.09, $5.56, $6.50, and $8.34 per MM Btu for wood costs of $5, $10, $20, and $40 per dry ton delivered to the plant at a moisture content of 49.50 wt %. For private investor financing, the corresponding product costs are $6.62, $7.11, $8.10, and $10.06 per MM Btu. The cost calculated by the utility financing method includes a return on equity of 15% and an interest rate of 10% on the debt. The private investor financing method, which is 100% equity financing, incorporates a discounted cash flow (DCF) return on equity of 12%. The thermal efficiency without taking an energy credit for by-product char is 58.3%.

Mudge, L.K.; Weber, S.L.; Mitchell, D.H.; Sealock, L.J. Jr.; Robertus, R.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Comparing quantum black holes and naked singularities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are models of gravitational collapse in classical general relativity which admit the formation of naked singularities as well as black holes. These include fluid models as well as models with scalar fields as matter. Even if fluid models were to be regarded as unphysical in their matter content, the remaining class of models (based on scalar fields) generically admit the formation of visible regions of finite but arbitrarily high curvature. Hence it is of interest to ask, from the point of view of astrophysics, as to what a stellar collapse leading to a naked singularity (or to a visible region of very high curvature) will look like, to a far away observer. The emission of energy during such a process may be divided into three phases - (i) the classical phase, during which matter and gravity can both be treated according to the laws of classical physics, (ii) the semiclassical phase, when gravity is treated classically but matter behaves as a quantum field, and (iii) the quantum gravitational phase. In this review, we first give a summary of the status of naked singularities in classical relativity, and then report some recent results comparing the semiclassical phase of black holes with the semiclassical phase of spherical collapse leading to a naked singularity. In particular, we ask how the quantum particle creation during the collapse leading to a naked singularity compares with the Hawking radiation from a star collapsing to form a black hole. It turns out that there is a fundamental difference between the two cases. A spherical naked star emits only about one Planck energy during its semiclassical phase, and the further evolution can only be determined by the laws of quantum gravity. This contrasts with the semiclassical evaporation of a black hole.

T. P. Singh

2000-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

475

Modeling feedback from stars and black holes in galaxy mergers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe techniques for incorporating feedback from star formation and black hole accretion into simulations of isolated and merging galaxies. At present, the details of these processes cannot be resolved in simulations on galactic scales. Our basic approach therefore involves forming coarse-grained representations of the properties of the interstellar medium and black hole accretion starting from basic physical assumptions, so that the impact of these effects can be included on resolved scales. We illustrate our method using a multiphase description of star-forming gas. Feedback from star formation pressurises highly overdense gas, altering its effective equation of state. We show that this allows the construction of stable galaxy models with much larger gas fractions than possible in earlier numerical work. We extend the model by including a treatment of gas accretion onto central supermassive black holes in galaxies. Assuming thermal coupling of a small fraction of the bolometric luminosity of accreting...

Springel, V; Hernquist, L; Springel, Volker; Matteo, Tiziana Di; Hernquist, Lars

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

The structure of black hole magnetospheres ó I. Schwarzschild black holes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......2000 RAS, MNRAS 315, 89 97 force-free black hole magnetosphere...However, there is nothing fundamental about the paraboloidal shape...in stationary axisymmetric force-free magnetospheres. Therefore...Stegun I. A., 1972, Handbook of Mathematical Functions......

Pranab Ghosh

2000-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

477

Black Holes in Active Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent years have seen tremendous progress in the quest to detect supermassive black holes in the centers of nearby galaxies, and gas-dynamical measurements of the central masses of active galaxies have been valuable contributions to the local black hole census. This review summarizes measurement techniques and results from observations of spatially resolved gas disks in active galaxies, and reverberation mapping of the broad-line regions of Seyfert galaxies and quasars. Future prospects for the study of black hole masses in active galaxies, both locally and at high redshift, are discussed.

A. J. Barth

2003-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

478

Thermodynamics of Lifshitz black holes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We apply the recently extended conserved Killing charge definition of Abbott-Deser-Tekin formalism to compute, for the first time, the energies of analytic Lifshitz black holes in higher dimensions. We then calculate the temperature and the entropy of this large family of solutions, and study and discuss the first law of black hole thermodynamics. Along the way we also identify the possible critical points of the relevant quadratic curvature gravity theories. Separately, we also apply the generalized Killing charge definition to compute the energy and the angular momentum of the warped AdS3 black hole solution of the three-dimensional new massive gravity theory.

Deniz Olgu Devecio?lu and ÷zgŁr Sar?o?lu

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

479

LIGNIN UNLOCKING PROCESS IN WOOD-FEEDING TERMITES FOR EFFECTIVE BIOMASS SUGAR RELEASE .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study explored a unique lignin unlocking process in wood-feeding termite (WFT) Coptotermes formosanus (Shiraki) for subsequent effective polysaccharide utilization during the digestion of woodyÖ (more)

[No author

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Planning and setup for the implementation of coal and wood co-fired boilers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Coal and wood co-fired boiler technology has been significantly advancing in the past years, but many of their capabilities remain unknown to much of theÖ (more)

Gump, Christopher D.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Microsoft Word - CX-BigEddy-RedmondWoodPoles_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-Celilo SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Darrell Aaby Line Foreman III - TFDF-Redmond Proposed Action: Wood pole replacements at select locations...

482

Microsoft Word - CX-CowlitzTaptoChehalis-CovingtonWoodPoles_WEB...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-Covington SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Clay Grande Line Foreman III - TFCF-Covington Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement at...

483

Microsoft Word - CX-AlveyDistrictWoodPoles-FY14_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2014 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-Alvey SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Stacey Hensley Project Manager - TEP-TPP-4 Proposed Action: 2014 Alvey District Wood Pole...

484

Raman Spectroscopy and Genetic Algorithms for the Classification of Wood Types  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Raman spectroscopy and pattern recognition techniques are used to develop a potential method to characterize wood by type. The test data consists of 98 Raman spectra of temperate...

Lavine, B K; Davidson, C E; Moores, A J; Griffiths, P R

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Ecology, Silviculture, and Management of Black Hills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ponderosa pine forests, and watershed management of the Black Hills. Keywords: Black Hills, silviculture of the Black Hills National Forest. The authors are grateful for the insightful and helpful reviews, and members of the Black Hills National Forest. We are thankful for Bob Hamre's editing of the manuscript

Fried, Jeremy S.

486

First law of black Saturn thermodynamics  

SciTech Connect

The physical process version and equilibrium state version of the first law of thermodynamics for a black object consisting of n-dimensional charged stationary axisymmetric black hole surrounded by a black rings, the so-called black Saturn, was derived. The general setting for our derivations is n-dimensional dilaton gravity with p+1 strength form fields.

Rogatko, Marek [Institute of Physics Maria Curie-Sklodowska University 20-031 Lublin, pl. Marii Curie-Sklodowskiej 1 (Poland)

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

487

First law of black Saturn thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The physical process version and equilibrium state version of the first law of thermodynamics for a black object consisting of n-dimensional charged stationary axisymmetric black hole surrounded by a black rings, the so-called black Saturn, was derived. The general setting for our derivations is n-dimensional dilaton gravity with p+1 strength form fields.

Marek Rogatko

2007-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

488

Thermodynamics of regular black hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate thermodynamics for a magnetically charged regular black hole (MCRBH), which comes from the action of general relativity and nonlinear electromagnetics, comparing with the Reissner-Norstr\\"om (RN) black hole in both four and two dimensions after dimensional reduction. We find that there is no thermodynamic difference between the regular and RN black holes for a fixed charge $Q$ in both dimensions. This means that the condition for either singularity or regularity at the origin of coordinate does not affect the thermodynamics of black hole. Furthermore, we describe the near-horizon AdS$_2$ thermodynamics of the MCRBH with the connection of the Jackiw-Teitelboim theory. We also identify the near-horizon entropy as the statistical entropy by using the AdS$_2$/CFT$_1$ correspondence.

Yun Soo Myung; Yong-Wan Kim; Young-Jai Park

2007-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

489

Of the Black Hole Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

About thirty years ago, Bekenstein and Hawking introduced three basic concepts relating to black hole, namely, the "area entropy", "gravitation temperature" and "thermal radiation". The author analyzes these concepts systematically and concludes that they are mostly inadequate or wrong. He points out that a black hole's taking in thermal radiation from the space is an energy-gathering process. It is special, even extraordinary. It reduces entropy, violating Clausius' second law.

Xinyong Fu

2005-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

490

U.S. Homeowner of Perceptions of Treated Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.5 4.5 Resale value 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 Resistance to wood destroying insects 4.4 4.5 4.2 4.4 4.6 Resistance to wind damage 4.2 3.9 4.2 4.3 4.3 Resistance to flooding 4.2 3.8 4.0 4.3 4.3 Free from as many products (pine, spruce, fir) 84% 14% 1% Perception of the Number of Years Materials Last in Weather Exposed

491

Producer gas from citrus wood fuels irrigation power unit  

SciTech Connect

A 90-hp diesel engine operating a citrus irrigation system was converted to run on a dual-fuel mixture utilizing producer gas from citrus wood chips as the main fuel source. A chip feeder mechanism, gasifier, filter system and control unit were designed to meet typical irrigation power requirements. Blighted, unproductive and dead trees removed near the irrigation site were used for chipping. Data on chip moisture content, fuel analysis, drying rate and fuel/tree weight are presented but labour and equipment costs were not determined. 14 references.

Churchill, D.B.; Hedden, S.L.; Whitney, J.D.; Shaw, L.N.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Compaction of wood chips - physical and pulping characteristics  

SciTech Connect

The temperatures of the uncompacted chips of Pinus taeda were, in general, higher than those of compacted chips when stored outdoors in containers for 236 days. The results of the study after storage indicated that the moisture content (MC) of compacted chips is the same as that of green chips, the uncompacted equivalent mass of chips exhibits a substantial loss in MC, and there is approximately 18% increase in MC of the uncompacted chips simulating a stockpile when compared with MC of green chips. The compaction process neither damaged wood fibers nor altered the chip response to conventional pulping.

Hassan, A.E.; Reeves, R.H.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

The SEI facility for fluid-bed wood gasification  

SciTech Connect

In mid 1985, construction was begun on the world's largest fluidized bed, wood gasification plant at the clay processing plant in Quincy, Fla. In March 1986, the plant was purchased by Southern Electric International (SEI). This paper describes how SEI coordinated the redesign of many of the plant systems and supervised the completion of construction and startup. In late 1986, the gasifier plant was sold. SEI remains involved as the operations and maintenance contractor on-site and is now responsible for design changes and equipment maintenance.

Bullpitt, W.S.; Rittenhouse, O.C. (Southern Electric International, Inc. North Atlanta, GA (US)); Masterson, L.D. (Southern Electric International Quincy, FL (US))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Wood and fruit drying in Los Azufres geothermal field, Mexico  

SciTech Connect

The main object of Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE`s) Geothermal Field at Los Azufres, is to generate geothermal electricity; however with the new politics in Mexico CFE has built a pilot project in order to profit from the geothermal residual energy and to attract national or foreign investors and convince them that direct-use of geothermal energy is an attractive feasible and economical possibility. The object of this paper is to present the CFE experiences in wood and fruit drying using geothermal energy.

Casimiro, E. [Residencia Los Azufres, Michoacan (Mexico); Pastrana, E. [Gerencia de Proyectos Geotermoelectricos, Michoacan (Mexico)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

495

The impact of subsidies and carbon pricing on the wood biomass use for energy in the EU  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study examines how subsidies for wood-fired heat and power plants and wood with coal co-fired power plants influence the use of wood biomass for energy in the short (2020) to medium (2030) term in the EU (European Union). Analysis shows that without subsidies wood-fired electricity will take only a marginal market share due to limited availability of low-cost wood from logging residues. A high CO2 price of 100†Ä/t without subsidies results in 30†million†m3 of industrial wood used for energy production, which is sourced from the reduction of 12†million†m3 for wood products, 10†million†m3 additional imports and 8†million†m3 additional harvest. With a subsidy level of 30†Ä/MWh in the four EU member countries Denmark, Germany, Netherlands and UK, the total amount of industrial wood used for energy becomes 158†million†m3. In the latter case, reduction of wood for wood-based products is 35†million†m3, additional harvest in the EU is 21†million m3, and import to the EU is 102†million†m3. Subsidies to wood-fired and especially coal with wood co-fired mills substantially increase the use of wood and especially industrial wood for energy. However, even with a high 100†Ä/tCO2 price and subsidy, mostly gas-fired electricity is projected to be displaced in 2030 by the increasing use of industrial wood, which is not beneficial regarding reducing the high CO2 emission from power production using coal. To a large extent, subsidies for wood co-firing maintain the coal power share, which will otherwise be reduced at high carbon emission price level. In addition, the model results show that the main sources of the growing use of industrial wood for energy are imports from regions outside of the EU, which thus creates considerable carbon leakages.

Alexander Moiseyev; Birger Solberg; A. Maarit I. Kallio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Lattice Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the Hawking process on lattices falling into static black holes. The motivation is to understand how the outgoing modes and Hawking radiation can arise in a setting with a strict short distance cutoff in the free-fall frame. We employ two-dimensional free scalar field theory. For a falling lattice with a discrete time-translation symmetry we use analytical methods to establish that, for Killing frequency $\\omega$ and surface gravity $\\kappa$ satisfying $\\kappa\\ll\\omega^{1/3}\\ll 1$ in lattice units, the continuum Hawking spectrum is recovered. The low frequency outgoing modes arise from exotic ingoing modes with large proper wavevectors that "refract" off the horizon. In this model with time translation symmetry the proper lattice spacing goes to zero at spatial infinity. We also consider instead falling lattices whose proper lattice spacing is constant at infinity and therefore grows with time at any finite radius. This violation of time translation symmetry is visible only at wavelengths comparable to the lattice spacing, and it is responsible for transmuting ingoing high Killing frequency modes into low frequency outgoing modes.

Steven Corley; Ted Jacobson

1998-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

497

Formation of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans (PCDD/F) in Fires of Arsenic-Free Treated Wood:? Role of Organic Preservatives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alternative preservatives that are emerging contain constituents that exhibit minimal mammalian toxicity while remaining effective biocides. ... The measurements presented in this article demonstrate that preservation of wood with treatment formulations that include both an organochlorine biocide and a copper fungicide promotes the formation of toxic PCDD/F in fires. ... Of the chlorinated phenols without ortho chlorine that were studied, 3,4-dichlorophenol had the greatest propensity to form CDFs. ...

Nigel W. Tame; Bogdan Z. Dlugogorski; Eric M. Kennedy

2007-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

498

Red-Black Trees 1 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia Red-Black Trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Red-Black Trees 1© 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia Red-Black Trees 6 3 8 4 v z #12;Red-Black Trees 2© 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia From (2,4) to Red-Black Trees A red-black tree is a representation of a (2,4) tree by means of a binary tree whose nodes are colored red or black In comparison with its associated (2,4) tree

Alechina, Natasha

499

Black hole entanglement entropy and the renormalization group  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the contributions of quantum fields to black hole entropy by using a cutoff scale at which the theory is described with a Wilsonian effective action. For both free and interacting fields, the total black hole entropy can be partitioned into a contribution derived from the gravitational effective action and a contribution from quantum fluctuations below the cutoff scale. In general, the latter includes a quantum contribution to the Noether charge. We analyze whether it is appropriate to identify the rest with horizon entanglement entropy, and find several complications for this interpretation, which are especially problematic for interacting fields.

Ted Jacobson and Alejandro Satz

2013-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

500

Black hole entanglement entropy and the renormalization group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the contributions of quantum fields to black hole entropy by using a cutoff scale at which the theory is described with a Wilsonian effective action. For both free and interacting fields, the total black hole entropy can be partitioned into a contribution derived from the gravitational effective action and a contribution from quantum fluctuations below the cutoff scale. In general the latter includes a quantum contribution to the Noether charge. We analyze whether it is appropriate to identify the rest with horizon entanglement entropy, and find several complications for this interpretation, which are especially problematic for interacting fields.

Ted Jacobson; Alejandro Satz

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z