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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Hydrogen Safety Issues Compared to Safety Issues with Methane and Propane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Issues with Methane and Propane Michael A. Green LawrenceSAFETY ISSUES WITH METHANE AND PROPANE M. A. Green Lawrencehydrogen. Methane and propane are commonly used by ordinary

Green, Michael A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Hydrogen Safety Issues Compared to Safety Issues with Methane and Propane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

safety or the safety of methane and propane. The codesand propane and how these properties may relate to safetyCompared To Safety Issues with Methane and Propane Michael

Green, Michael A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Investigation of Propane and Methane Bulk Properties Structure Using Two Different Force Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some structural properties of propane and methane bulk system in liquid phase have been estimated using molecular dynamics calculations on the EGEE Grid infrastucture. The effect of adopting two different force fields, OPLS/AMBER and Dreiding, has been ...

Alessandro Costantini; Antonio Laganà

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Hydrogen Safety Issues Compared to Safety Issues with Methane andPropane  

SciTech Connect

The hydrogen economy is not possible if the safety standards currently applied to liquid hydrogen and hydrogen gas by many laboratories are applied to devices that use either liquid or gaseous hydrogen. Methane and propane are commonly used by ordinary people without the special training. This report asks, 'How is hydrogen different from flammable gasses that are commonly being used all over the world?' This report compares the properties of hydrogen, methane and propane and how these properties may relate to safety when they are used in both the liquid and gaseous state. Through such an analysis, sensible safety standards for the large-scale (or even small-scale) use of liquid and gaseous hydrogen systems can be developed. This paper is meant to promote discussion of issues related to hydrogen safety so that engineers designing equipment can factor sensible safety standards into their designs.

Green, Michael A.

2005-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

5

Hydrogen Safety Issues Compared to Safety Issues with Methane andPropane  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The hydrogen economy is not possible if the safety standards currently applied to liquid hydrogen and hydrogen gas by many laboratories are applied to devices that use either liquid or gaseous hydrogen. Methane and propane are commonly used by ordinary people without the special training. This report asks, 'How is hydrogen different from flammable gasses that are commonly being used all over the world?' This report compares the properties of hydrogen, methane and propane and how these properties may relate to safety when they are used in both the liquid and gaseous state. Through such an analysis, sensible safety standards for the large-scale (or even small-scale) use of liquid and gaseous hydrogen systems can be developed. This paper is meant to promote discussion of issues related to hydrogen safety so that engineers designing equipment can factor sensible safety standards into their designs.

Green, Michael A.

2005-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

6

DUAL-FUELING CONCEPTS: A COMPARISON OF METHANE AND PROPANE AS PRIMARY FUELS WITH BIODIESEL AND ULTRA-LOW SULFUR DIESEL AS SEPERATE PILOT FUELS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The goal of this thesis is to examine dual-fueling concepts using two different types of primary fuel, methane and propane; as well as two… (more)

Shoemaker, Nicholas Thane

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

ESTIMATED UPPER BOUNDS TO THE HALF-LIFE OF THERMAL DECOMPOSITION OF AMMONIA, HYDROGEN, METHANE, AND PROPANE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An estimate was made of the upper bound for the half-time of dissociation at 100 atm for ammonia, methane, and propane at 2500 deg K and hydrogen at 5000 deg K. In each case a unimolecular reactron in the homogeneous gas phase was chosen as most suitable for this purpose. Slater's theory has been used to estimate the necessary frequency factors. The upper bounds to the half- time for dissociation range from 3 x 10/sup -7/ to 6 x 10/sup -6/ sec. Extrapolation of decomposition rate data obtained at --1000 deg C and 1 atm pressure gives smaller values for the half-time of dissociation. (auth)

Herschbach, D.

1955-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Propane fear  

SciTech Connect

A minor feature of a Congressional energy bill is causing consternation for a number of propane-consuming chemical companies. The firms are fighting the bill`s inclusion of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) on a list of alternative fuels that can be used to meet its urban fleet vehicles requirements. The firms fear that this added use would drive up the price of propane-an LPG-for homeowners, farmers, and themselves. Speaking for the Propane Consumers Coalition, a Dow Chemical spokesman says 7.7 million households use propane, as does agriculture, and current demand is such that December saw a 23-year low in US inventories. The US depends on imports of propane, he says, and about half the propane sold in the US is derived from the refining of oil, much of which is also imported. Adding demand for vehicle fuel would drive up imports and process, the spokesman says, thereby damaging all users, including the petrochemical industry.

Begley, R.

1992-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

9

Vapor--liquid equilibria of nitrogen, methane, ethane, and propane binary mixtures at LNG temperatures from total pressure measurements. [For use in design of equipment for storage and handling of LNG  

SciTech Connect

Vapor-liquid equilibrium data have been measured on four binary mixtures relative to the calculation of phase equilibria at temperatures of liquid natural gas. Measurements at -260/sup 0/F were made by a total pressure method for mixtures of nitrogen-methane, nitrogen-ethane, methane-ethane, and methane-propane. Interaction coefficients were derived for the P-V-T, Inc. Mark V computer program. Good agreement is found with literature data where comparisons can be made.

Wilson, G.M.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Development and demonstration of advanced technologies for direct electrochemical oxidation of hydrocarbons (methanol, methane, propane)  

SciTech Connect

Direct methanol fuel cells use methanol directly as a fuel, rather than the reformate typically required by fuel cells, thus eliminating the reformer and fuel processing train. In this program, Giner, Inc. advanced development of two types of direct methanol fuel cells for military applications. Advancements in direct methanol proton-exchange membrane fuel cell (DMPEMFC) technology included developement of a Pt-Ru anode catalyst and an associated electrode structure which provided some of the highest DMPEMFC performance reported to date. Scale-up from a laboratory-scale single cell to a 5-cell stack of practical area, providing over 100 W of power, was also demonstrated. Stable stack performance was achieved in over 300 hours of daily on/off cycling. Direct methanol aqueous carbonate fuel cells were also advanced with development of an anode catalyst and successful operation at decreased pressure. Improved materials for the cell separator/matrix and the hardware were also identified.

Kosek, J.A.; LaConti, A.B.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

2013 Propane Market Outlook  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

3 3 Propane Market Outlook Assessment of Key Market Trends, Threats, and Opportunities Facing the Propane Industry Through 2020 P R E S E N T E D B Y : Prepared for the Propane Education & Research Council (PERC) by: ICF International, Inc. 9300 Lee Highway Fairfax, VA 22031 Tel (703) 218-2758 www.icfi.com Principal Authors: Mr. Michael Sloan msloan@icfi.com Mr. Warren Wilczewski wwilczewski@icfi.com Propane Market Outlook at a Glance ¡ Total consumer propane sales declined by more than 17 percent between 2009 and 2012, including 3.3 percent in 2011 and 10 to 12 percent in 2012. The declines in 2011 and 2012 were due primarily to much warmer than normal weather, as well as the impact of higher propane prices and continuing efficiency trends. Sales are expected to rebound in 2013 with a return to more

12

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Production & Distribution Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Propane Related Links This list includes links related to propane. The Alternative Fuels Data

13

Etude cin\\'etique de CVD de pyrocarbone obtenu par pyrolyse de propane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High temeperature (900-1000\\degree C) low pressure (propane yields a pyrocarbon deposit, but also mainly hydrogen and hydrocarbons from methane to polyaromatics. 30 reaction products were exeperimentally quantified at different operating conditions. A detailed kinetic pyrolysis model (600 reactions) has been developed and validated based on the totality of experiments. This model includes a homogeneous model (describing the gas phase pyrolysis of propane) coupled with a heterogeneous model describing the pyrocarbon deposit.

Ziegler-Devin, Isabelle; Marquaire, Paul-Marie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Propane Market Status Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Propane Market Status Report 07272000 Click here to start Table of Contents Propane Market Status Report Propane Prices Follow Crude Oil Propane Demand by Sector Demand Impacted...

15

Propane Assessment  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

03-09), Table 2; and data for August through September 1996, EIA, Form EIA-807 "Propane Telephone Survey." Sources: Data for 1989 through 1995, Energy Information...

16

Propane Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 of 24 4 of 24 Notes: EIA expects lower residential propane prices this winter compared to the high prices seen last winter. As of now, it appears that propane inventories will be more than adequate going into this winter. Although inventories in the Midwest remain low, there is still time for the ample inventories in the Gulf Coast to make their way up into the Midwest before heating season begins in earnest. As always, the major uncertainties affecting demand this winter are the weather and the economy. Other uncertainties affecting the propane market this winter are crude oil and natural gas prices. If natural gas prices this winter are around what EIA expects them to be, we will likely see very little, if any, propane production shut-in at gas plants. However, as the current situation with the TET shows, there could be short

17

Energy Basics: Propane Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

gasoline vehicles. Dedicated propane vehicles are designed to run only on propane; bi-fuel propane vehicles have two separate fueling systems that enable the vehicle to use...

18

Methane Main  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the the Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee on Methane Hydrate Issues and Opportunities Including Assessment of Uncertainty of the Impact of Methane Hydrate on Global Climate Change December 2002 Report of the Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee on Methane Hydrate Issues and Opportunities Including Assessment of Uncertainty of the Impact of Methane Hydrate on Global Climate Change December 2002 i CONTENTS What is Methane Hydrate? ............................................................................................. 1 Why Methane Hydrate Matters for the United States? ..................................................... 4 Resource Potential of Methane Hydrate .......................................................................... 5 Implications of Methane Hydrate on Safety and Seafloor Stability

19

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebate - Minnesota Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Vehicle Rebate Propane Vehicle Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on AddThis.com...

20

Propane Sector Demand Shares  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... agricultural demand does not impact regional propane markets except when unusually high and late demand for propane for crop drying combines with early cold ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Formation mechanism for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in methane flames  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

exhausts,7­17 coal-fired, electricity generating power plants,18,19 tobacco smoke,20 residential wood applications including heating systems and gas turbines for electric power generation.62­64 The combustion propane,57,58 butane,59 ethane,31,53,60 and other aliphatic61 flames. Methane is used as fuel in many

Sattler, Klaus

22

Propane Production by Source  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 Notes: So where do we get our supplies of propane? Well, propane comes from both gas plants and refineries. Here we see data through May which shows that production at both gas...

23

Winter Distillate .and Propane Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Winter Distillate .and Propane Outlook. Joanne Shore Energy Information Administration State Heating Oil and Propane Program August 2000

24

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebates - Western Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Vehicle Propane Vehicle Rebates - Western Propane Gas Association (WPGA) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebates - Western Propane Gas Association (WPGA) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebates - Western Propane Gas Association (WPGA) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebates - Western Propane Gas Association (WPGA) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebates - Western Propane Gas Association (WPGA) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebates - Western Propane Gas Association (WPGA) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Rebates - Western Propane Gas Association (WPGA) on AddThis.com...

25

Propane on Titan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first observations of propane (C$_3$H$_8$) on Titan that unambiguously resolve propane features from other numerous stratospheric emissions. This is accomplished using a $R=\\lambda/\\delta\\lambda\\approx10^5$ spectrometer (TEXES) to observe propane's $\

H. G. Roe; T. K. Greathouse; M. J. Richter; J. H. Lacy

2003-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

26

Extinction Studies of Hydrofluorocarons in Methane/Air and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... is a major fire threat in shipboard flammable liquid storage rooms (FLSRs). ... agent volume concentration in air for methane and propane fuels ...

2011-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

27

Propane-Fueled Vehicle Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Propane-Fueled Vehicle Basics Propane-Fueled Vehicle Basics Propane-Fueled Vehicle Basics August 20, 2013 - 9:16am Addthis There are more than 270,000 on-road propane vehicles in the United States and more than 10 million worldwide. Many are used in fleets, including light- and heavy-duty trucks, buses, taxicabs, police cars, and rental and delivery vehicles. Compared with vehicles fueled with conventional diesel and gasoline, propane vehicles can produce significantly fewer harmful emissions. The availability of new light-duty original equipment manufacturer propane vehicles has declined in recent years. However, certified installers can economically and reliably retrofit many light-duty vehicles for propane operation. Propane engines and fueling systems are also available for heavy-duty vehicles such as school buses and street sweepers.

28

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Propane Fuel Prices Find propane fuel prices and trends. Propane, also known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) or autogas, has been used worldwide as a vehicle fuel for decades. It is stored as a liquid, and

29

Energy Basics: Propane Vehicles  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Fuels Printable Version Share this resource Fuels Vehicles Electric Vehicles Flexible Fuel Vehicles Fuel Cell Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles Natural Gas Vehicles Propane...

30

Retail Propane Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

19 Notes: Residential propane prices rose fairly strongly during the 1999-2000 heating season, gaining nearly 25 cents per gallon between October and March. Unfortunately,...

31

Catalytic Dehydrogenation of Propane.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The dehydrogenation of propane has a great interest, due to a global growing demand in propene. This reaction needs a catalyst, high temperature and… (more)

Herauville, Virginie Marie Therese

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Propane vehicles : status, challenges, and opportunities.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Propane as an auto fuel has a high octane value and has key properties required for spark-ignited internal combustion engines. To operate a vehicle on propane as either a dedicated fuel or bi-fuel (i.e., switching between gasoline and propane) vehicle, only a few modifications must be made to the engine. Until recently propane vehicles have commonly used a vapor pressure system that was somewhat similar to a carburetion system, wherein the propane would be vaporized and mixed with combustion air in the intake plenum of the engine. This leads to lower efficiency as more air, rather than fuel, is inducted into the cylinder for combustion (Myers 2009). A newer liquid injection system has become available that injects propane directly into the cylinder, resulting in no mixing penalty because air is not diluted with the gaseous fuel in the intake manifold. Use of a direct propane injection system will improve engine efficiency (Gupta 2009). Other systems include the sequential multi-port fuel injection system and a bi-fuel 'hybrid' sequential propane injection system. Carbureted systems remain in use but mostly for non-road applications. In the United States a closed-loop system is used in after-market conversions. This system incorporates an electronic sensor that provides constant feedback to the fuel controller to allow it to measure precisely the proper air/fuel ratio. A complete conversion system includes a fuel controller, pressure regulator valves, fuel injectors, electronics, fuel tank, and software. A slight power loss is expected in conversion to a vapor pressure system, but power can still be optimized with vehicle modifications of such items as the air/fuel mixture and compression ratios. Cold start issues are eliminated for vapor pressure systems since the air/fuel mixture is gaseous. In light-duty propane vehicles, the fuel tank is typically mounted in the trunk; for medium- and heavy-duty vans and trucks, the tank is located under the body of the vehicle. Propane tanks add weight to a vehicle and can slightly increase the consumption of fuel. On a gallon-to-gallon basis, the energy content of propane is 73% that of gasoline, thus requiring more propane fuel to travel an equivalent distance, even in an optimized engine (EERE 2009b).

Rood Werpy, M.; Burnham, A.; Bertram, K.; Energy Systems

2010-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

33

Heating Oil and Propane Update - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. ... Weekly heating oil and propane prices are only collected during the heating season, ...

34

propane - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

35

Heating Oil and Propane Update - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

36

EIA improves its monthly propane imports series - Today in Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

37

Propane - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

38

State heating oil and propane program season begins - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

39

Residential propane prices increase  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

a week ago to 2.76 per gallon. That's up 51.2 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices...

40

Residential propane prices increase  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

a week ago to 2.71 per gallon. That's up 46.9 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Retail Propane Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 Notes: Consistent with spot prices, residential propane prices have been higher all winter than during the past several years. The recent surge is mainly the result of the surge...

42

Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grant Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Project Description: Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grants The Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grants was established to demonstrate the benefits of new propane equipment. The US Department of Energy, the Propane Education & Research Council (PERC) and the Propane Vehicle Council (PVC) partnered in this program. The project impacted ten different states, 179 vehicles, and 15 new propane fueling facilities. Based on estimates provided, this project generated a minimum of 1,441,000 new gallons of propane sold for the vehicle market annually. Additionally, two new off-road engines were brought to the market. Projects originally funded under this project were the City of Portland, Colorado, Kansas City, Impco Technologies, Jasper Engines, Maricopa County, New Jersey State, Port of Houston, Salt Lake City Newspaper, Suburban Propane, Mutual Liquid Propane and Ted Johnson.

Jack Mallinger

2004-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

43

propane | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

propane propane Dataset Summary Description The Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) maintains data on the energy use and efficiency of water heaters for its members. The FTC does not necessarily endorse the views expressed on that site or guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information on it. Please note that the site you link to may track visitor viewing habits. This spreadsheet contains data on Bosch, Noritz, Paloma and Takagi manufacturing companies. Source Energy Applicance Data - United States Federal Trade Commission, www.ftc.gov Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords energy use Natural Gas propane Water heater Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Combined.xlsx (xlsx, 12.7 KiB)

44

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives Propane Vehicles Related Information Availability Conversions Emissions Incentives & Laws

45

Propane Vehicles | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicles Propane Vehicles August 20, 2013 - 9:16am Addthis There are more than 270,000 on-road propane vehicles in the United States and more than 10 million worldwide. Many are...

46

U.S. Propane Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 Notes: The chart provides a picture of propane production over the past three years compared to the five-year average. Total propane production in the first five months of this...

47

Heating Oil and Propane Update  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

to collect data on State-level stocks and residential prices of No. 2 heating oil and propane during the heating season. The data are used to monitor the prices of propane and No....

48

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives

49

Portland Public School Children Move with Propane  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This 2-page Clean Cities fact sheet describes the use of propane as a fuel source for Portland Public Schools' fleet of buses. It includes information on the history of the program, along with contact information for the local Clean Cities Coordinator and Portland Public Schools.

Not Available

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Safety evaluation for packaging (onsite) nitrogen trailers propane tanks  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Safety Evaluation for Packaging (SEP) is the evaluation and authorization of the onsite transport of propane tanks that are mounted on the Lockheed Martin Hanford Corporation Characterization Project`s nitrogen trailers. This SEP authorizes onsite transport of the nitrogen trailers, including the propane tanks, until May 31, 1998. The three nitrogen trailers (HO-64-4966, HO-64-4968, and HO-64-5170) are rated for 1,361 kg (30,000 lb) and are equipped with tandem axles and pintel hitches. Permanently mounted on each trailer is a 5,678 L (1,500 gal) cryogenic dewar that is filled with nitrogen, and a propane fired water bath vaporizer system, and a 454 L (1 20 gal) propane tank. The nitrogen trailer system is operated only when it is disconnected from the tow vehicle and is leveled and stabilized. When the trailers are transported, the propane tanks are isolated via closed supply valves.

Ferrell, P.C.

1998-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

51

Conversion of ethane and of propane to higher olefin hydrocarbons  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

It has become apparent during the past few months that results obtained in the oxidative coupling of methane cannot be extended to ethane and propane. Good selectivities and yields for the oxydehydrogenation to olefins can be obtained but production of higher hydrocarbons is small. The present report summarizes results of experiments using zeolite based catalysts and compares these with basic oxide catalysts. The oxydehydrogenation of ethane over zeolite based catalysts (H[sup [minus plus

Heinemann, H.; Somorjai, G.A.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Average Weekly Propane Spot Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 Notes: Propane spot prices at the major trading hubs remained relatively close through October 2000, but uncoupled in California as natural gas prices rose rapidly during...

53

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives -  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Infrastructure Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - Boulden Propane to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - Boulden Propane on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - Boulden Propane on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - Boulden Propane on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - Boulden Propane on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - Boulden Propane on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - Boulden Propane on AddThis.com...

54

Energy Basics: Propane as a Transportation Fuel  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Natural Gas Propane Ultra-Low Sulfur Diesel Vehicles Propane as a Transportation Fuel Photo of a man standing next to a propane fuel pump with a tank in the background....

55

Energy Basics: Propane as a Transportation Fuel  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

EERE: Energy Basics Propane as a Transportation Fuel Photo of a man standing next to a propane fuel pump with a tank in the background. Propane, also known as liquefied petroleum...

56

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Tax to someone Propane Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Tax For taxation purposes, liquefied petroleum gas (propane) used as a motor vehicle fuel must be converted to gasoline gallon equivalents (GGE) using the conversion factor of 4.24 pounds per gallon of liquid at 60 degrees Fahrenheit per GGE. Propane is taxed at a rate of $0.20 per GGE. (Reference

57

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Exemption Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Tax Exemption Liquefied petroleum gas (propane) is exempt from the state fuel excise tax when sold from a licensed propane vendor to a licensed propane user or a propane vehicle owner if it is delivered into a bulk storage tank that can

58

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicles » Propane Vehicles » Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives Propane Vehicle Emissions

59

Why am I being charged more for propane than the price on EIA's ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

60

Revised Propane Stock Levels for 6/7/13 - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Basics  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Basics to Basics to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Basics on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Basics on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Basics on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Basics on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Basics on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Basics on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Production & Distribution Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Propane Fuel Basics Propane dispenser Also known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) or autogas, propane is a clean-burning, high-energy alternative fuel that's been used for decades to

62

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Tax to someone Propane Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Tax Motor fuel taxes for propane used in vehicles are collected through an annual sticker permit fee based on the vehicles' registered gross vehicle weight rating and the number of miles driven the previous year. (Reference Texas Statutes, Tax Code 162.305

63

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Supplier Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Supplier Propane Supplier Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Supplier Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Supplier Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Supplier Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Supplier Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Supplier Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Supplier Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Supplier Requirements A retail supplier may only distribute liquefied petroleum gas (LPG or propane) if the supplier holds a license from the Wisconsin Department of

64

Transportation Fuel Basics - Propane | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Propane Propane Transportation Fuel Basics - Propane July 30, 2013 - 4:31pm Addthis Photo of a man standing next to a propane fuel pump with a tank in the background. Propane, also known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG or LP-gas), or autogas in Europe, is a high-energy alternative fuel. It has been used for decades to fuel light-duty and heavy-duty propane vehicles. Propane is a three-carbon alkane gas (C3H8). Stored under pressure inside a tank, propane turns into a colorless, odorless liquid. As pressure is released, the liquid propane vaporizes and turns into gas that is used for combustion. An odorant, ethyl mercaptan, is added for leak detection. Propane has a high octane rating and excellent properties for spark-ignited internal combustion engines. It is nontoxic and presents no threat to soil,

65

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Benefits to Benefits to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Propane Benefits and Considerations Also known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), propane is a domestically produced, well-established, clean-burning fuel. Using propane as a vehicle fuel increases energy security, provides convenience and performance

66

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Training  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Vehicle Propane Vehicle Training to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Training on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Training on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Training on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Training on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Training on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Training on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Vehicle Training The Railroad Commission of Texas Alternative Energy Division offers free safety and maintenance training on propane vehicles, buses, and forklifts.

67

Propane, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Propane: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Propane: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Ford F-150 (Dual-Fuel LPG) Propane or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is a clean-burning fossil fuel that can be used to power internal combustion engines. LPG-fueled vehicles can produce significantly lower amounts of some harmful emissions and the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2). LPG is usually less expensive than gasoline, it can be used without degrading vehicle performance, and most LPG used in U.S. comes from domestic sources. The availability of LPG-fueled light-duty passenger vehicles is currently limited. A few light-duty vehicles-mostly larger trucks and vans-can be ordered from a dealer with a prep-ready engine package and converted to use propane. Existing conventional vehicles can also be converted for LPG use.

68

Propane Market Assessment for Winter  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

1997-1998 Final issue of this report. This article reviews the major components of propane supply and demand in the United States and their status entering the 1997-1998 heating season.

Information Center

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Heating Oil and Propane Update  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Weekly residential, wholesale, and spot prices; and production, demand, and stocks of heating fuels. (Weekly heating oil and propane prices are only collected during the heating season which extends from October through March. )

Information Center

70

U.S. Propane Stocks  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

worry about short-term supply availability and bid prices up. As of the end of July, propane inventories in the United States were 61.9 million barrels, 41 percent higher than...

71

Propane Prices Follow Crude Oil  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

of the first signals in deciphering what is happening in the market. This chart shows propane prices (both spot and retail) as well as WTI. As you can see, most prices track the...

72

Average Weekly Propane Spot Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

19 Notes: Propane spot prices at the major trading hubs remained relatively close through the fall of 2000, even as they were pushed higher by rapidly rising natural gas prices....

73

Average Weekly Propane Spot Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 Notes: Propane spot prices at the major trading hubs remained relatively close through the fall of 2000, even as they were pushed higher by rapidly rising natural gas prices....

74

U.S. Propane Imports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 Notes: Another source of supply of propane is from imports. Imports for the first five months of this year have decreased about 8 percent (about 13 thousand barrels per day)...

75

Propane gas: Handle with care  

SciTech Connect

Because of its chemical composition and combustion properties, this liquefied petroleum (LP) gas can be mixed with air and used as a direct replacement for natural gas with no burner or process equipment modifications. One major and growing use of propane is as a vehicle fuel. Growing industrial use of propane also has prompted the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to issue new codes. NFPA standard 58-95, Storing and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases, stresses the need to adhere to safe work and handling practices whenever propane is involved. All employees directly handling the gas should be formally trained and certified, and recertified annually. Although the code applies only to those directly handling propane or operating propane equipment such as portable cylinder filling stations, all employees working around or with propane or other LP gases should understand the characteristics of LP gas and be aware of basic safe handling practices. The paper discusses what LP gas is, special safety concerns, the care required in refilling cylinders, and cylinder inspection.

Fernald, D. [Plant Systems, Inc., Berea, OH (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Titan's Prolific Propane: The Cassini CIRS Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we select large spectral averages of data from the Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) obtained in limb-viewing mode at low latitudes (30S--30N), greatly increasing the path length and hence signal-to-noise ratio for optically thin trace species such as propane. By modeling and subtracting the emissions of other gas species, we demonstrate that at least six infrared bands of propane are detected by CIRS, including two not previously identified in Titan spectra. Using a new line list for the range 1300-1400cm -1, along with an existing GEISA list, we retrieve propane abundances from two bands at 748 and 1376 cm-1. At 748 cm-1 we retrieve 4.2 +/- 0.5 x 10(-7) (1-sigma error) at 2 mbar, in good agreement with previous studies, although lack of hotbands in the present spectral atlas remains a problem. We also determine 5.7 +/- 0.8 x 10(-7) at 2 mbar from the 1376 cm-1 band - a value that is probably affected by systematic errors including continuum gradients due to haze and also an imperf...

Nixon, C A; Flaud, J -M; Bezard, B; Teanby, N A; Irwin, P G J; Ansty, T M; Coustenis, A; Vinatier, S; Flasar, F M; 10.1016/j.pss.2009.06.021

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Stations to someone by E-mail Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Propane Fueling Stations Photo of a liquefied petroleum gas fueling station. Thousands of liquefied petroleum gas (propane) fueling stations are

78

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with sampling and observation from the surface ship. Activities included collection of methane hydrate, sediment, water, and other materials from methane hydrate and seep sites...

79

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Conversions to someone by E-mail Conversions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives Propane Vehicle Conversions Related Information Conversion Basics Regulations Vehicle conversions provide alternative fuel options beyond what is

80

Propane Demand by Sector - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

In order to understand markets you also have to look at supply and demand. First, demand or who uses propane. For the most part, the major components of propane ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Propane Watch, historical - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Historical. Propane stocks and prices available weekly during October through March and monthly during the rest of the year.

82

State heating oil and propane program, 1994--1995 heating season. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect

Propane prices and No. 2 fuel prices during the 1994-1995 heating season are tabulated for the state of Ohio. Nineteen companies were included in the telephone survey of propane prices, and twenty two companies for the fuel oil prices. A bar graph is also presented for average residential prices of No. 2 heating oil.

NONE

1995-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

83

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development

84

The basics of coalbed methane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report is an overview of coalbed methane (CBM), also known as coal seam gas. It provides an overview of what coalbed methane is and the current status of global coalbed methane exploration and production. Topics covered in the report include: An analysis of the natural gas industry, including current and future production, consumption, and reserves; A detailed description of coalbed methane, its characteristics, and future potential; An analysis of the key business factors that are driving the increased interest in coalbed methane; An analysis of the barriers that are hindering the development of coalbed methane; An overview of the technologies used for coalbed methane production and water treatment; and Profiles of key coalbed methane producing countries. 25 figs., 5 tabs., 1 app.

NONE

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

85

Emissions results for dedicated propane Chrysler minivans: the 1996 propane vehicle challenge  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (US DOE), through Argonne National Laboratory, and in cooperation with Natural Resources-Canada and Chrysler Canada, sponsored and organized the 1996 Propane Vehicle Challenge (PVC). For this competition , 13 university teams from North America each received a stock Chrysler minivan to be converted to dedicated propane operation while maintaining maximum production feasibility. The converted vehicles were tested for performance (driveability, cold- and hot-start, acceleration, range, and fuel economy) and exhaust emissions. Of the 13 entries for the 1996 PVC, 10 completed all of the events scheduled, including the emissions test. The schools used a variety of fuel-management, fuel-phase and engine-control strategies, but their strategies can be summarized as three main types: liquid fuel-injection, gaseous fuel-injection, and gaseous carburetor. The converted vehicles performed similarly to the gasoline minivan. The University of Windsor`s minivan had the lowest emissions attaining ULEV levels with a gaseous-injected engine. The Texas A&M vehicle, which had a gaseous-fuel injection system, and the GMI Engineering and Management Institute`s vehicle, which had a liquid-injection system both reached LEV levels. Vehicles with an injection fuel system (liquid or gaseous) performed better in terms of emissions than carbureted systems. Liquid injection appeared to be the best option for fuel metering and control for propane, but more research and calibration are necessary to improve the reliability and performance of this design.

Buitrago, C.; Sluder, S.; Larsen, R.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Propane Market Model documentation report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to define the objectives of the Propane Market Model (PMM), describe its basic approach, and to provide details on model functions. This report is intended as a reference document for model analysts, users, and the general public. Documentation of the model is in accordance with EIA`s legal obligation to provide adequate documentation in support of its models. The PMM performs a short-term (6- to 9-months) forecast of demand and price for consumer-grad propane in the national US market; it also calculates the end-of-month stock level during the term of the forecast. Another part of the model allows for short-term demand forecasts for certain individual Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) districts. The model is used to analyze market behavior assumptions or shocks and to determine the effect on market price, demand, and stock level.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Gas processing/The boiling behavior of LPG and liquid ethane, ethylene, propane, and n-butane spilled on water  

SciTech Connect

Boiling-rate calorimeter studies showed that unlike liquid nitrogen, methane, and LNG, LPG (84.7% propane, 6.0% ethane, and 9.3% n-butane; 442/sup 0/C bp), or pure propane, when rapidly spilled on water, reacted violently, ejecting water and ice into the vapor space; but in 1-2 sec, a coherent ice layer was formed and further boiloff was quiet and well predicted by a simple one-dimensional, moving-boundary-value, heat transfer model with a growing ice shield. Increasing the content of ethane and butane in LPG to 20% and 10%, respectively, had almost no effect on the LPG boiling, indicating that boiling may be modeled by using pure propane. Ethane, ethylene, and n-butane behaved quite differently from LPG. In spills of pure liquid propane on solid ice, the boiloff rate was almost identical to that predicted by the moving-boundary model.

Reid, R.C.; Smith, K.A.

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

ACTION CONCENTRATION FOR MIXTURES OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (VOC) & METHANE & HYDROGEN  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Waste containers may contain volatile organic compounds (VOCs), methane, hydrogen and possibly propane. These constituents may occur individually or in mixtures. Determining if a waste container contains a flammable concentration of flammable gases and vapors (from VOCs) is important to the safety of the handling, repackaging and shipping activities. This report provides the basis for determining the flammability of mixtures of flammable gases and vapors. The concentration of a mixture that is at the lowest flammability limit for that mixture is called the action concentration. The action concentration can be determined using total VOC concentrations or actual concentration of each individual VOC. The concentrations of hydrogen and methane are included with the total VOC or individual VOC concentration to determine the action concentration. Concentrations below this point are not flammable. Waste containers with gas/vapor concentrations at or above the action concentration are considered flammable.

MARUSICH, R.M.

2006-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

89

State heating oil and propane program  

SciTech Connect

The following is a report of New Hampshire's participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPS) for the 1990--91 heating season. The program is a joint effort between participating states and the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EYE) to collect retail price data for heating oil and propane through phone surveys of 25 oil and 20 propane retailers in New Hampshire. SHOPS is funded through matching grants from DOE and the participating state. (VC)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Silane-propane ignitor/burner  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A silane propane burner for an underground coal gasification process which is used to ignite the coal and to controllably retract the injection point by cutting the injection pipe. A narrow tube with a burner tip is positioned in the injection pipe through which an oxidant (oxygen or air) is flowed. A charge of silane followed by a supply of fuel, such as propane, is flowed through the tube. The silane spontaneously ignites on contact with oxygen and burns the propane fuel.

Hill, R.W.; Skinner, D.F. Jr.; Thorsness, C.B.

1983-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

91

Silane-propane ignitor/burner  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A silane propane burner for an underground coal gasification process which is used to ignite the coal and to controllably retract the injection point by cutting the injection pipe. A narrow tube with a burner tip is positioned in the injection pipe through which an oxidant (oxygen or air) is flowed. A charge of silane followed by a supply of fuel, such as propane, is flowed through the tube. The silane spontaneously ignites on contact with oxygen and burns the propane fuel.

Hill, Richard W. (Livermore, CA); Skinner, Dewey F. (Livermore, CA); Thorsness, Charles B. (Livermore, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

U.S. Propane Demand Sectors (1996)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The residential and commercial sector and the chemical sector are the largest end users of propane in the U.S., accounting for 34% and 41% ...

93

U.S. Propane Production by Source  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Propane comes primarily from two units in a refinery -- the reformer and fluid catalytic cracking unit -- which are important units in the production ...

94

Comparison of Hydrogen and Propane Fuels (Brochure)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Factsheet comparing the chemical, physical, and thermal properties of hydrogen and propane, designed to facilitate an understanding of the differences and similarites of the two fuels

Not Available

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Average Stock Levels: Crude Market & Propane  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This graph shows that propane was not alone in experiencing excess supply in 1998 and extraordinary stock builds. Note that the graph shows average stock levels ...

96

Propane earth materials drying techniques and technologies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A feasibility study for the use of propane as a subbase drying technique. Michael Blahut (1) Dr. Vernon Schaefer (2) Dr. Chris Williams (3) The… (more)

Blahut, Michael Edward

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Retail Propane Prices - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Residential propane prices rose fairly strongly during the 1999-2000 heating season, gaining nearly 25 cents per gallon between October and March.

98

Comparison of Hydrogen and Propane Fuels (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Factsheet comparing the chemical, physical, and thermal properties of hydrogen and propane, designed to facilitate an understanding of the differences and similarites of the two fuels.

Not Available

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Propane as a Transportation Fuel | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

as a Transportation Fuel Propane as a Transportation Fuel July 30, 2013 - 4:31pm Addthis Photo of a man standing next to a propane fuel pump with a tank in the background. Propane,...

100

Assessing the Efficacy of the Aerobic Methanotrophic Biofilter in Methane Hydrate Environments  

SciTech Connect

In October 2008 the University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB) initiated investigations of water column methane oxidation in methane hydrate environments, through a project funded by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) entitled: assessing the efficacy of the aerobic methanotrophic biofilter in methane hydrate environments. This Final Report describes the scientific advances and discoveries made under this award as well as the importance of these discoveries in the broader context of the research area. Benthic microbial mats inhabit the sea floor in areas where reduced chemicals such as sulfide reach the more oxidizing water that overlies the sediment. We set out to investigate the role that methanotrophs play in such mats at locations where methane reaches the sea floor along with sulfide. Mats were sampled from several seep environments and multiple sets were grown in-situ at a hydrocarbon seep in the Santa Barbara Basin. Mats grown in-situ were returned to the laboratory and used to perform stable isotope probing experiments in which they were treated with 13C-enriched methane. The microbial community was analyzed, demonstrating that three or more microbial groups became enriched in methane’s carbon: methanotrophs that presumably utilize methane directly, methylotrophs that presumably consume methanol excreted by the methanotrophs, and sulfide oxidizers that presumably consume carbon dioxide released by the methanotrophs and methylotrophs. Methanotrophs reached high relative abundance in mats grown on methane, but other bacterial processes include sulfide oxidation appeared to dominate mats, indicating that methanotrophy is not a dominant process in sustaining these benthic mats, but rather a secondary function modulated by methane availability. Methane that escapes the sediment in the deep ocean typically dissolved into the overlying water where it is available to methanotrophic bacteria. We set out to better understand the efficacy of this process as a biofilter by studying the distribution of methane oxidation and disposition of methanotrophic populations in the Pacific Ocean. We investigated several environments including the basins offshore California, the continental margin off Central America, and the shallow waters around gas seeps. We succeeded in identifying the distributions of activity in these environments, identified potential physical and chemical controls on methanotrophic activity, we further revealed details about the methanotrophic communities active in these settings, and we developed new approaches to study methanotrophic communities. These findings should improve our capacity to predict the methanotrophic response in ocean waters, and further our ability to generate specific hypotheses as to the ecology and efficacy of pelagic methanotrophic communites. The discharge of methane and other hydrocarbons to Gulf of Mexico that followed the sinking of the Deepwater Horizon provided a unique opportunity to study the methanotorphic biofilter in the deep ocean environment. We set out to understand the consumption of methane and the bloom of methanotrophs resulting from this event, as a window into the regional scale release of gas hydrate under rapid warming scenarios. We found that other hydrocarbon gases, notably propane and ethane, were preferred for consumption over methane, but that methane consumption accelerated rapidly and drove the depletion of methane within a matter of months after initial release. These results revealed the identity of the responsible community, and point to the importance of the seed population in determining the rate at which a methanotrophic community is able to respond to an input of methane. Collectively, these results provide a significant advance in our understanding of the marine methanotrohic biofilter, and further provide direction and context for future investigations of this important phenomenon. This project has resulted in fourteen publications to date, with five more circulating in draft form, and several others planned.

Valentine, David

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Liquefied Petroleum Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License

102

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Production and Production and Distribution to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Production & Distribution Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Propane Production and Distribution

103

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Outlook Briefing for the State Heating Oil and Propane Program Conference Asheville, NC Mike Burdette Petroleum Division, Energy ...

104

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook Briefing for the State Heating Oil and Propane Program Conference Wilmington, DE by Douglas MacIntyre

105

Vermont Propane Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Propane (Consumer Grade) Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes; Vermont Propane (Consumer Grade) Refiner Sales Volumes; Vermont Sales to End Users ...

106

Syngas Production from Propane Using Atmospheric Non-thermal Plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Propane steam reforming using a sliding discharge reactor was investigated under atmospheric pressure and low temperature (420 K). Non-thermal plasma steam reforming proceeded efficiently and hydrogen was formed as a main product (H2 concentration up to 50%). By-products (C2-hydrocarbons, methane, carbon dioxide) were measured with concentrations lower than 6%. The mean electrical power injected in the discharge is less than 2 kW. The process efficiency is described in terms of propane conversion rate, steam reforming and cracking selectivity, as well as by-products production. Chemical processes modelling based on classical thermodynamic equilibrium reactor is also proposed. Calculated data fit quiet well experimental results and indicate that the improvement of C3H8 conversion and then H2 production can be achieved by increasing the gas fraction through the discharge. By improving the reactor design, the non-thermal plasma has a potential for being an effective way for supplying hydrogen or synthesis gas.

Ouni, Fakhreddine; Cormier, Jean Marie; 10.1007/s11090-009-9166-2

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Electrochemical methane sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and instrument including an electrochemical cell for the detection and measurement of methane in a gas by the oxidation of methane electrochemically at a working electrode in a nonaqueous electrolyte at a voltage about 1.4 volts vs R.H.E. (the reversible hydrogen electrode potential in the same electrolyte), and the measurement of the electrical signal resulting from the electrochemical oxidation.

Zaromb, S.; Otagawa, T.; Stetter, J.R.

1984-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

108

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Laws and Incentives  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane » Laws & Incentives Propane » Laws & Incentives Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Laws and Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Laws and Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Laws and Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Laws and Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Laws and Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Laws and Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Laws and Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Propane Laws and Incentives

109

Heating Oil and Propane Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Holiday Release Schedule Holiday Release Schedule The Heating Oil and Propane Update is produced during the winter heating season, which extends from October through March of each year. The standard release time and day of the week will be at 1:00 p. m. (Eastern time) on Wednesdays with the following exceptions. All times are Eastern. Data for: Alternate Release Date Release Day Release Time Holiday October 14, 2013 October 17, 2013 Thursday Cancelled Columbus/EIA Closed November 11, 2013 November 14, 2013 Thursday 1:00 p.m. Veterans December 23, 2013 December 27, 2013 Friday 1:00 p.m. Christmas December 30, 2013 January 3, 2014 Friday 1:00 p.m. New Year's January 20, 2014 January 23, 2014 Thursday 1:00 p.m. Martin Luther King Jr. February 17, 2014 February 20, 2014 Thursday 1:00 p.m. President's

110

Heating Oil and Propane Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

SHOPP Financial Forms - for State Energy Officials SHOPP Financial Forms - for State Energy Officials The Federal forms below are required for State Energy Officials participating in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) to execute their cooperative agreements with the U. S. Energy Information Administration. The Application for Federal Assistance, Form SF-424, is required to be submitted annually no later than May 15th in order for the applicant to receive funds for the upcoming season. This form consists of three parts: SF-424 - general funding information SF-424A - annual budget SF-424B - assurance pages The Federal Financial Report, Form SF-425, collects basic data on federal and recipient expenditures related to the SHOPP grant. This form should be submitted by August 1st of each year after the end of the season.

111

Wisconsin Propane and Propylene Stocks at Refineries, Bulk ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wisconsin Propane and Propylene Stocks at Refineries, Bulk Terminals, and Natural Gas Plants (Thousand Barrels)

112

Colorado Propane and Propylene Stocks at Refineries, Bulk ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Colorado Propane and Propylene Stocks at Refineries, Bulk Terminals, and Natural Gas Plants (Thousand Barrels)

113

South Dakota Propane and Propylene Stocks at Refineries, Bulk ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

South Dakota Propane and Propylene Stocks at Refineries, Bulk Terminals, and Natural Gas Plants (Thousand Barrels)

114

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Mower Rebate - Minnesota Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Commercial Mower Commercial Mower Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Mower Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Mower Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Mower Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Mower Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Mower Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Mower Rebate - Minnesota Propane Association (MPA) on AddThis.com...

115

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Infrastructure Development to someone by E-mail Infrastructure Development to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives

116

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Converts Vehicles to Propane,  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Michigan Converts Michigan Converts Vehicles to Propane, Reducing Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Converts Vehicles to Propane, Reducing Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Converts Vehicles to Propane, Reducing Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Converts Vehicles to Propane, Reducing Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Converts Vehicles to Propane, Reducing Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Converts Vehicles to Propane, Reducing Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Converts Vehicles to Propane, Reducing Emissions on AddThis.com... April 27, 2013

117

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Buses Shuttle Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine on AddThis.com... Oct. 13, 2012 Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine W atch how travelers in Bar Harbor, Maine, rely on propane-powered shuttle buses. For information about this project, contact Maine Clean Communities.

118

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Propane Fuel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Reduced Propane Fuel Reduced Propane Fuel Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Propane Fuel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Propane Fuel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Propane Fuel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Propane Fuel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Propane Fuel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Propane Fuel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Reduced Propane Fuel Tax The tax imposed on liquefied petroleum gas, or propane, used to operate a motor vehicle is equal to half the tax paid on the sale or use of gasoline,

119

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Buses Save Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools on AddThis.com... Feb. 25, 2010 Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools F ind out how Gloucester County Schools' propane buses are quieter and cost

120

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane and Natural Propane and Natural Gas Safety to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Natural Gas Safety on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane and Natural Gas Safety The Railroad Commission of Texas regulates the safety of the natural gas and propane industries. (Reference Texas Statutes, Natural Resources Code

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Excise Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Excise Tax Propane Excise Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Excise Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Excise Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Excise Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Excise Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Excise Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Excise Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Excise Tax Exemption Propane is exempt from the state excise tax when it is used to operate motor vehicles on public highways provided that vehicles are equipped with

122

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Safety and Liability  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Safety and Propane Safety and Liability to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Safety and Liability on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Safety and Liability on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Safety and Liability on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Safety and Liability on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Safety and Liability on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Safety and Liability on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Safety and Liability An individual involved in installing liquefied petroleum gas (propane) systems or manufacturing, distributing, selling, storing, or transporting

123

A STUDY ON SPHERICAL EXPANDING FLAME SPEEDS OF METHANE, ETHANE, AND METHANE/ETHANE MIXTURES AT ELEVATED PRESSURES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-pressure experiments and chemical kinetics modeling were performed for laminar spherically expanding flames for methane/air, ethane/air, methane/ethane/air and propane/air mixtures at pressures between 1 and 10 atm and equivalence ratios ranging from 0.7 to 1.3. All experiments were performed in a new flame speed facility capable of withstanding initial pressures up to 15 atm. The facility consists of a cylindrical pressure vessel rated up to 2200 psi. Vacuums down to 30 mTorr were produced before each experiment, and mixtures were created using the partial pressure method. Ignition was obtained by an automotive coil and a constant current power supply capable of reducing the spark energy close to the minimum ignition energy. Optical cine-photography was provided via a Z-type schlieren set up and a high-speed camera (2000 fps). A full description of the facility is given including a pressure rating and a computational conjugate heat transfer analysis predicting temperature rises at the walls. Additionally, a detailed uncertainty analysis revealed total uncertainty in measured flame speed of approximately +-0.7 cm/s. This study includes first-ever measurements of methane/ethane flame speeds at elevated pressures as well as unique high pressure ethane flame speed measurements. Three chemical kinetic models were used and compared against measured flame velocities. GRI 3.0 performed remarkably well even for high-pressure ethane flames. The C5 mechanism performed acceptably at low pressure conditions and under-predicted the experimental data at elevated pressures. Measured Markstein lengths of atmospheric methane/air flames were compared against values found in the literature. In this study, Markstein lengths increased for methane/air flames from fuel lean to fuel rich. A reverse trend was observed for ethane/air mixtures with the Markstein length decreasing from fuel lean to fuel rich conditions. Flame cellularity was observed for mixtures at elevated pressures. For both methane and ethane, hydrodynamic instabilities dominated at stoichiometric conditions. Flame acceleration was clearly visible and used to determine the onset of cellular instabilities. The onset of flame acceleration for each high-pressure experiment was recorded.

De Vries, Jaap

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Propane: A Mid-heating Season Assessment  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9, 2001 9, 2001 Propane - A Mid-Heating Season Assessment by David Hinton and Alice Lippert, Petroleum Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration In early October 2000, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) forecast that heating fuel markets would be expected to start the season with much higher prices and lower inventories than in recent years. While this assessment was true for both the heating oil and natural gas markets, propane markets actually began the season with adequate supplies but with high prices. Since EIA's forecast, propane inventories have plunged nearly 20 million barrels from their peak during the first half of the 2000-01 heating season while propane prices have continued to soar even higher than expected during this same period. This report will analyze some

125

U.S. Propane Total Stocks  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Notes: U.S. inventories of propane benefited from a late pre-season build that pushed inventories to over 65 million barrels by early November 2000, the second highest peak pre-heating season level since 1986. Although propane inventories were expected to remain within the normal range for the duration of the 2000-01 heating season, cold weather in November and December, along with recently high natural gas prices that discouraged propane production from gas processing, resulted in stocks falling below the normal range by the end of December. However, if the weather remains seasonally normal, and the recent decline in natural gas prices holds, EIA expects the propane inventory drawdown to slow. This is reflected in the data for January 19, which showed a draw of only 2.1 million barrels, compared to more than twice that

126

U.S. Propane Total Stocks  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 Notes: U.S. inventories of propane benefited from a late pre-season build that pushed inventories to over 65 million barrels by early November 2000, the second highest peak...

127

U.S. Propane Total Stocks  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 Notes: U.S. inventories of propane benefited from a late pre-season build that pushed inventories to over 65 million barrels by early November 2000, the second highest peak...

128

Knoxville Area Transit: Propane Hybrid Electric Trolleys  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A 2-page fact sheet summarizing the evaluation done by the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity on the Knoxville Area Transit's use of propane hybrid electric trolleys.

Not Available

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Propane Vehicles: Status, Challenges, and Opportunities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Propane Vehicles: Propane Vehicles: Status, Challenges, and Opportunities ANL/ESD/10-2 Energy Systems Division Availability of This Report This report is available, at no cost, at http://www.osti.gov/bridge. It is also available on paper to the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors, for a processing fee, from: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information P.O. Box 62

130

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

131

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Mowers Help Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions on AddThis.com... Aug. 8, 2013 Propane Mowers Help National Park Cut Emissions " We're very proud to be an example of what the National Park Service can

132

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Illinois Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

133

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

134

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

135

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

136

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Montana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

137

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

138

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Indiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

139

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Florida Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

140

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Delaware Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

142

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

143

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Vermont Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

144

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maryland Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

145

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Federal Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

146

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Virginia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

147

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Board and Dealer Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Board and Propane Board and Dealer Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Board and Dealer Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Board and Dealer Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Board and Dealer Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Board and Dealer Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Board and Dealer Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Board and Dealer Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Board and Dealer Requirements The Idaho Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Public Safety Act established the

148

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Missouri Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

149

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Colorado Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

150

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Powers Airport Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on AddThis.com... Feb. 19, 2011 Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans D iscover how the New Orleans airport displaced over 139,000 gallons of

151

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arizona Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

152

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alabama Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

153

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Georgia Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

154

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

155

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Washington Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

156

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

157

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Education and Research Program  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Education and Propane Education and Research Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Education and Research Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Education and Research Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Education and Research Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Education and Research Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Education and Research Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Education and Research Program on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Propane Education and Research Program The State Liquefied Compressed Gas Board (Board), operated through the

158

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

159

Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type California Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

160

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Michigan Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

162

Experimental study on transmission of an overdriven detonation wave from propane/oxygen to propane/air  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two sets of experiments were performed to achieve a strong overdriven state in a weaker mixture by propagating an overdriven detonation wave via a deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) process. First, preliminary experiments with a propane/oxygen mixture were used to evaluate the attenuation of the overdriven detonation wave in the DDT process. Next, experiments were performed wherein a propane/oxygen mixture was separated from a propane/air mixture by a thin diaphragm to observe the transmission of an overdriven detonation wave. Based on the characteristic relations, a simple wave intersection model was used to calculate the state of the transmitted detonation wave. The results showed that a rarefaction effect must be included to ensure that there is no overestimate of the post-transmission wave properties when the incident detonation wave is overdriven. The strength of the incident overdriven detonation wave plays an important role in the wave transmission process. The experimental results showed that a transmitted overdriven detonation wave occurs instantaneously with a strong incident overdriven detonation wave. The near-CJ state of the incident wave leads to a transmitted shock wave, and then the transition to the overdriven detonation wave occurs downstream. The attenuation process for the overdriven detonation wave decaying to a near-CJ state occurs in all tests. After the attenuation process, an unstable detonation wave was observed in most tests. This may be attributed to the increase in the cell width in the attenuation process that exceeds the detonability cell width limit. (author)

Li, J.; Lai, W.H. [National Cheng Kung University, Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Tainan (China); Chung, K. [National Cheng Kung University, Aerospace Science and Technology Research Center, Tainan (China); Lu, F.K. [University of Texas at Arlington, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, Aerodynamics Research Center, TX 76019 (United States)

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

Why Sequence a Methane-Oxidizing Archaean?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a Methane-Oxidizing Archaeon? a Methane-Oxidizing Archaeon? Methane is a potent greenhouse gas whose atmospheric concentration has increased significantly because of anthropogenic activities and fluctuated naturally over glacial and interglacial cycles. While the importance of methane in Earth's climate dynamics has been well established, the global processes regulating its oceanic cycling remain poorly understood. Although there are high rates of methane production in many marine sedimentary environments (including a number that have been targeted as petroleum reserves), net methane sources from the ocean to the atmosphere appear to be small. This is due in large part to a biogeochemical process known as the anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM). Microbially mediated AOM reduces methane flux from ocean to atmosphere, stimulates subsurface microbial

164

State heating oil and propane program: Final report. Survey of No.2 heating oil and propane prices at the retail level, October 1997 through March 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Efficiency Division of the Vermont Department of Public Service (DPS) monitored the price and inventory of residential heating oil and propane during the 1997--98 heating season under a grant from the US Department of Energy`s Energy Information Administration (EIA). DPS staff collected data biweekly between October 5, 1997 and March 16, 1998 on the retail price of {number_sign}2 home heating oil and propane by telephone survey. Propane price quoted was based on the rate for a residential home heating customer using 1,000+ per year. The survey included a sample of fuel dealers selected by the EIA, plus additional dealers and fuels selected by the DPS. The EIA weighted, analyzed, and reported the data collected from their sample.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

No. 2 heating oil/propane program  

SciTech Connect

During the 1990/91 heating season, the Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources (DOER) participated in a joint data collection program between several state energy offices and the federal Department of Energy's (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA). The purpose of the program was to collect and monitor retail and wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories from October 1990 through March 1991. This final report begins with an overview of the unique events which had an impact on the reporting period. Next, the report summarizes the results from the residential heating oil and propane price surveys conducted by DOER over the 1990/91 heating season. The report also incorporates the wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories collected by the EIA and distributed to the states.

McBrien, J.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Coal mine methane global review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the second edition of the Coal Mine Methane Global Overview, updated in the summer of 2008. This document contains individual, comprehensive profiles that characterize the coal and coal mine methane sectors of 33 countries - 22 methane to market partners and an additional 11 coal-producing nations. The executive summary provides summary tables that include statistics on coal reserves, coal production, methane emissions, and CMM projects activity. An International Coal Mine Methane Projects Database accompanies this overview. It contains more detailed and comprehensive information on over two hundred CMM recovery and utilization projects around the world. Project information in the database is updated regularly. This document will be updated annually. Suggestions for updates and revisions can be submitted to the Administrative Support Group and will be incorporate into the document as appropriate.

NONE

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane and Compressed Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Device Fee on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

168

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Buses Help Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on AddThis.com...

169

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renzenberger Inc Saves Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans on AddThis.com... June 22, 2012 Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans L earn how Renzenberger Incorporated fuels its road service vans with

170

Propane Prices Influenced by Crude Oil and Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Propane prices have been high this year for several reasons. Propane usually follows crude oil prices more closely than natural gas prices. As crude oil prices rose beginning in 1999, propane has followed. In addition, some early cold weather this year put extra pressure on prices. However, more recently, the highly unusual surge in natural gas prices affected propane supply and drove propane prices up. Propane comes from two sources of supply: refineries and natural gas processing plants. The very high natural gas prices made it more economic for refineries to use the propane they normally produce and sell than to buy natural gas. The gas processing plants found it more economic to leave propane in the natural gas streams than to extract it for sale separately.

171

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives -  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Infrastructure Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - SchagrinGAS to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - SchagrinGAS on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - SchagrinGAS on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - SchagrinGAS on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - SchagrinGAS on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - SchagrinGAS on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Infrastructure and Fuel Incentives - SchagrinGAS on AddThis.com... More in this section...

172

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Self-Service Fueling Station  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane Self-Service Propane Self-Service Fueling Station Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Self-Service Fueling Station Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Self-Service Fueling Station Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Self-Service Fueling Station Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Self-Service Fueling Station Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Self-Service Fueling Station Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Self-Service Fueling Station Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

173

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Publications » Technology Bulletins Publications » Technology Bulletins Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory on AddThis.com... Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory

174

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax to someone by E-mail Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas and Propane Tax Effective January 1, 2019, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), compressed natural gas, and liquefied natural gas will be subject to an excise tax at

175

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tennessee Reduces Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on AddThis.com... Dec. 11, 2010 Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys

176

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas and Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas and Propane Fuel Tax Any individual using or selling compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied

177

Rhode Island Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March) (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... Residential Propane: 3.540: 3.534: 3.540: 3.515: 3.511: 3.514: 1990-2013

178

New Mexico Natural Gas Supplemental Gas - Propane Air (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Supplemental Gas - Propane Air (Million Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Supplemental Gas - Propane Air (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

179

U.S. Exports of Propane and Propylene (Thousand Barrels per Day)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Propane/Propylene Exports; Propane/Propylene Supply and Disposition; U.S. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products ...

180

Iowa Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Iowa Propane (Consumer Grade) Refiner Sales Volumes; Iowa Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Alabama Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Alabama Propane (Consumer Grade) Refiner Sales Volumes; Alabama Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, ...

182

Propane Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations (Brochure)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document lists codes and standards typically used for U.S. propane vehicle and infrastructure projects.

Not Available

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Coalbed Methane  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Coalbed methane is natural gas found in coal deposits. It was once considered a nuisance and mine safety hazard, but today has become a valuable part of the U.S. energy portfolio. A major reason for this is resource characterization and the establishment of efficient recovery methods pioneered by Office of Fossil Energy R&D.

184

Assessment of the risk of transporting propane by truck and train  

SciTech Connect

The risk of shipping propane is discussed and the risk assessment methodology is summarized. The risk assessment model has been constructed as a series of separate analysis steps to allow the risk to be readily reevaluated as additional data becomes available or as postulated system characteristics change. The transportation system and accident environment, the responses of the shipping system to forces in transportation accidents, and release sequences are evaluated to determine both the likelihood and possible consequences of a release. Supportive data and analyses are given in the appendices. The risk assessment results are related to the year 1985 to allow a comparison with other reports in this series. Based on the information presented, accidents involving tank truck shipments of propane will be expected to occur at a rate of 320 every year; accidents involving bobtails would be expected at a rate of 250 every year. Train accidents involving propane shipments would be expected to occur at a rate of about 60 every year. A release of any amount of material from propane trucks, under both normal transportation and transport accident conditions, is to be expected at a rate of about 110 per year. Releases from propane rail tank cars would occur about 40 times a year. However, only those releases that occur during a transportation accident or involve a major tank defect will include sufficient propane to present the potential for danger to the public. These significant releases can be expected at the lower rate of about fourteen events per year for truck transport and about one event every two years for rail tank car transport. The estimated number of public fatalities resulting from these significant releases in 1985 is fifteen. About eleven fatalities per year result from tank truck operation, and approximately half a death per year stems from the movement of propane in rail tank cars.

Geffen, C.A.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

This Week In Petroleum Propane Section  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and Wholesale Propane Prices (Dollars per Gallon) and Wholesale Propane Prices (Dollars per Gallon) Residential Propane Prices Petroleum Data Tables more data Note: Due to updated weighting methodology, national and regional residential heating oil and propane prices from October 2009 to March 2013 have been revised since they were first published. We have created an excel file that shows the differences between the original and revised published data for your convenience. Most Recent Year Ago 11/04/13 11/11/13 11/18/13 11/25/13 12/02/13 12/09/13 12/16/13 12/17/12 Average 2.450 2.482 2.506 2.542 2.566 2.621 2.712 2.243 East Coast (PADD 1) 3.044 3.073 3.090 3.141 3.165 3.246 3.315 2.930 New England (PADD 1A) 3.033 3.047 3.064 3.121 3.172 3.257 3.314 3.063 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 3.095 3.122 3.145 3.204 3.213 3.307

186

Table 16. Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

aIncludes Illinois and Indiana. Note: The above table is based on coalbed methane proved reserves and production volumes as reported to the EIA on ...

187

methane hydrate science plan-final.indd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Industrial Revolu on. Methane in the atmosphere comes from many sources, including wetlands, rice cul va on, termites, cows and other ruminants, forest fi res, and fossil fuel...

188

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) and Propane Vehicle Rebates on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

189

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Regulatory Authority on AddThis.com...

190

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Liquefied Petroleum Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) and Natural Gas Liability Immunity to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) and Natural Gas Liability Immunity on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) and Natural Gas Liability Immunity on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) and Natural Gas Liability Immunity on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) and Natural Gas Liability Immunity on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) and Natural Gas Liability Immunity on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) and Natural Gas Liability Immunity on

191

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Reports to someone by E-mail Reports to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Reports on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas and Propane Reports The Florida Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability (Office) must complete a report that analyzes the taxation and use of

192

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Converts Vehicles to Propane in  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Virginia Converts Virginia Converts Vehicles to Propane in Spotsylvania County to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Converts Vehicles to Propane in Spotsylvania County on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Converts Vehicles to Propane in Spotsylvania County on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Converts Vehicles to Propane in Spotsylvania County on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Converts Vehicles to Propane in Spotsylvania County on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Converts Vehicles to Propane in Spotsylvania County on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Converts Vehicles to Propane in Spotsylvania County on AddThis.com...

193

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Retailer License to someone by E-mail Retailer License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License Compressed natural gas, liquefied natural gas, or liquefied petroleum gas

194

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Compressed Natural Gas Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Deregulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

195

Methane Hydrates and Climate Change | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydrates and Climate Change Hydrates and Climate Change Methane Hydrates and Climate Change Methane hydrates store huge volumes of methane formed by the bacterial decay of organic matter or leaked from underlying oil and natural gas deposits. The active formation of methane hydrates in the shallow crust prevents methane, a greenhouse gas, from entering the atmosphere. On the other hand, warming of arctic sediments or ocean waters has the potential to cause methane hydrate to dissociate, releasing methane into the deepwater sediments, the ocean or atmosphere. DOE is conducting research to understand the mechanisms and volumes involved in these little-studied processes. DOE environmental and climate change research projects related to Arctic methane hydrate deposits include: Characterization of Methane Degradation and Methane-Degrading

196

Stocks of Propane/Propylene  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stocks held at natural gas processing plants are included in "Other Oils" and in totals. All stock levels are as of the end of the period.

197

Methane (CH4)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methane (CH4) Gateway Pages to Methane Data Modern Records of Atmospheric Methane (CH4) and a 2000-year Ice-core Record from Law Dome, Antarctica 800,000-year Ice-Core Records of...

198

Conversion of methane and acetylene into gasoline range hydrocarbons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conversion of methane and acetylene to higher molecular weight hydrocarbons over zeolite catalyst (HZSM-5) was studied The reaction between methane and acetylene successfully produced high molecular weight hydrocarbons, such as naphthalene, benzene, indene, azulene, fluorene, and biphenyl substituted compounds. Also, lighter hydrocarbons, such as ethylene and isobutene were produced. The reaction was conducted at different operating temperatures and different molar feed composition. The results showed that the conversion of both reactants increased with increasing the operating temperature; for example a conversion of 95.1% was achieved for acetylene at 350°C and 98.6% at 412°C. In addition, the conversion of both reactants decreased with increasing the molar feed ratio of methane to acetylene. A conversion of 96.4% for acetylene was achieved at a molar feed ratio of 6 to 1 (methane to acetylene) and 80.9% at a molar feed ration of 20 to 1 (methane to acetylene). The reaction of methane and ethane over HZSM-5 catalyst also led to the production of high molecular weight hydrocarbons, mainly aromatics, and some lighter products such as propane, and ethylene. Also methane by itself showed the ability to react over HZSM-5 to produce a small amount of aromatics, and ethylene.

Alkhawaldeh, Ammar

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Coal Bed Methane Primer  

SciTech Connect

During the second half of the 1990's Coal Bed Methane (CBM) production increased dramatically nationwide to represent a significant new source of income and natural gas for many independent and established producers. Matching these soaring production rates during this period was a heightened public awareness of environmental concerns. These concerns left unexplained and under-addressed have created a significant growth in public involvement generating literally thousands of unfocused project comments for various regional NEPA efforts resulting in the delayed development of public and fee lands. The accelerating interest in CBM development coupled to the growth in public involvement has prompted the conceptualization of this project for the development of a CBM Primer. The Primer is designed to serve as a summary document, which introduces and encapsulates information pertinent to the development of Coal Bed Methane (CBM), including focused discussions of coal deposits, methane as a natural formed gas, split mineral estates, development techniques, operational issues, producing methods, applicable regulatory frameworks, land and resource management, mitigation measures, preparation of project plans, data availability, Indian Trust issues and relevant environmental technologies. An important aspect of gaining access to federal, state, tribal, or fee lands involves education of a broad array of stakeholders, including land and mineral owners, regulators, conservationists, tribal governments, special interest groups, and numerous others that could be impacted by the development of coal bed methane. Perhaps the most crucial aspect of successfully developing CBM resources is stakeholder education. Currently, an inconsistent picture of CBM exists. There is a significant lack of understanding on the parts of nearly all stakeholders, including industry, government, special interest groups, and land owners. It is envisioned the Primer would being used by a variety of stakeholders to present a consistent and complete synopsis of the key issues involved with CBM. In light of the numerous CBM NEPA documents under development this Primer could be used to support various public scoping meetings and required public hearings throughout the Western States in the coming years.

Dan Arthur; Bruce Langhus; Jon Seekins

2005-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

200

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Dealer License to someone by E-mail Dealer License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Dealer License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

State of Missouri: State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP). Final performance report, August 8, 1993--July 1, 1994  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Missouri State Heating Oil and Propane Program is to develop a joint state-level company-specific data collective effort. The State of Missouri provided to the US Department of Energy`s Energy Information Administration company specific price and volume information on residential No. 2 heating oil and propane on a semimonthly basis. The energy companies participating under the program were selected at random by the US Department of Energy and provided to the Missouri Department of Natural Resources` Division of Energy prior to the implementation of the program. The specific data collection responsibilities for the Missouri Department of Natural Resources` Division of Energy included: (1) Collection of semimonthly residential heating oil and propane prices, collected on the first and third Monday from August 1993 through April 1994, and (2) Collection of annual Bales volume data for residential propane for the period September 1, 1992 through August 31, 1993. This data was required for the first report only. (3) Due to extenuating circumstances surrounding propane stocks particularly in the Midwest and East Coast, additional surveys were requested by the EIA. The additional survey dates were April 4 and 18th for residential propane only. These data were provided on a company identifiable level to the extent permitted by State law. Information was transmitted to the US Department of Energy`s Energy Information Administration through the Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting option (PEDRO).

Buchanan, J.A.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Heating Oil and Propane Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

State Energy Offices State Energy Offices Q1: What price should be reported to EIA when submitting weekly data? EIA requests that you collect / report the residential credit price (keep-full prices being preferred) and that all prices exclude taxes for the Monday of each survey week, even if that Monday falls on a holiday. Prices should not include discounts for payment of cash or for payment made within a short period of time. However, if a company deals exclusively in cash, then this price should be reported and noted in the file sent to EIA. Q2: When is this data due to EIA each week? The EIA-877 "Winter Heating Fuels Telephone Survey" will begin the first Monday in October. Data should be submitted to EIA as soon as they are available but no later than noon on Tuesday of each week. Data collection

203

NIST: Methane Symmetry Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. Version History Methane Symmetry Operations. JT Hougen Optical Technology Division Gloria Wiersma ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

204

Ohio Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wholesale Heating Oil : Residential ... Weekly heating oil and propane prices are only collected during the heating season which extends from ... 3/20/2013: Next ...

205

Propane inventories end third quarter at record level ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... in the United States finished September 2012 at a ... Propane supply in the United States ... million barrels per day. The United States has not ...

206

Massachusetts Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Massachusetts Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 ... No.1 and No. 2 ...

207

Propane Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Propane Outlook Conclusion. Lower residential prices possible this winter U.S. inventories likely to be ample prior to the heating season. However, Midwest ...

208

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table of Contents. Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook. Short-Term World Oil Price Forecast . Price Movements Related to Supply/Demand Balance

209

Minnesota Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... national and regional residential heating oil and propane prices from October 2009 to March 2013 have been revised since they were first published.

210

North Carolina Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... national and regional residential heating oil and propane prices from October 2009 to March 2013 have been revised since they were first published.

211

Virginia Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... national and regional residential heating oil and propane prices from October 2009 to March 2013 have been revised since they were first published.

212

Massachusetts Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... national and regional residential heating oil and propane prices from October 2009 to March 2013 have been revised since they were first published.

213

Wisconsin Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... national and regional residential heating oil and propane prices from October 2009 to March 2013 have been revised since they were first published.

214

Propane as a Transportation Fuel | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

refrigerating food, clothes drying, powering farm and industrial equipment, and drying corn. Rural areas that do not have natural gas service commonly rely on propane. The...

215

Table 34. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly January 2012 88 Table 34. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type and PAD ...

216

Heating Oil and Propane Update - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

However, EIA does publish spot prices for heating oil and propane throughout the year which can be accessed by clicking here. In addition, ...

217

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1998 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

218

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1999 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

219

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

See footnotes at end of table. 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State 386 Energy Information...

220

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Propane demand modeling for residential sectors- A regression analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a forecasting model for the propane consumption within the residential sector. In this research we explore the dynamic behavior of different variables… (more)

Shenoy, Nitin K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Average Weekly Propane Spot Prices - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Propane spot prices at the major trading hubs remained relatively close through the fall of 2000, even as they were pushed higher by rapidly rising natural gas prices.

223

Investigation of Dithiolenes for Propylene/Propane Membrane Separations .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Polyimide membranes containing nickel dithiolenes were investigated for the separation of propylene and propane. Permeation and sorption experiments were conducted as well thermal property analyses.… (more)

Sejour, Hensley

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Average Weekly Propane Spot Prices - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Propane spot prices at the major trading hubs remained relatively close through October 2000, but uncoupled in California as natural gas prices rose rapidly during ...

225

Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1995 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

226

Propane demand hits a record high for November - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Wisconsin have declared states of emergency to allow for more delivery of propane throughout the ...

227

GRI methane chemistry program review meeting  

SciTech Connect

Methane is an important greenhouse gas which affects the atmosphere directly by the absorption and re-emission of infrared radiation as well as indirectly, through chemical interactions. Emissions of several important greenhouse gases (GHGS) including methane are increasing, mainly due to human activity. Higher concentrations of these gases in the atmosphere are projected to cause a decrease in the amount of infrared radiation escaping to space, and a subsequent warming of global climate. It is therefore vital to understand not only the causes of increased production of methane and other GHGS, but the effect of higher GHG concentrations on climate, and the possibilities for reductions of these emissions. In GRI-UIUC methane project, the role of methane in climate change and greenhouse gas abatement strategies is being studied using several distinct approaches. First, a detailed treatment of the mechanisms controlling each important methane source and sink, and hence the atmospheric concentration of methane, is being developed for use with the UIUC Integrated Science Assessment Model. The focus of this study is to resolve the factors which determine methane emissions and removal, including human population, land use, energy demand, global temperature, and regional concentrations of the hydroxyl radical, carbon monoxide, nitrous oxides, non-methane hydrocarbons, water vapor, tropospheric and stratospheric ozone.

Dignon, J.; Grant, K.; Grossman, A.; Wuebles, D.; Brasseur, G.; Madronich, S.; Huang, T.; Chang, J.; Lott, B.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Emissions with butane/propane blends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article reports on various aspects of exhaust emissions from a light-duty car converted to operate on liquefied petroleum gas and equipped with an electrically heated catalyst. Butane and butane/propane blends have recently received attention as potentially useful alternative fuels. Butane has a road octane number of 92, a high blending vapor pressure, and has been used to upgrade octane levels of gasoline blends and improve winter cold starts. Due to reformulated gasoline requirements for fuel vapor pressure, however, industry has had to remove increasing amounts of butane form the gasoline pool. Paradoxically, butane is one of the cleanest burning components of gasoline.

NONE

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Effect of catalyst structure on oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane and propane on alumina-supported vanadia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

catalysts: (a) ethane ODH, (b) propane ODH (663 K, 14 kPa CDehydrogenation of Ethane and Propane on Alumina-Supporteddehydrogenation of ethane and propane. UV-visible and Raman

Argyle, Morris D.; Chen, Kaidong; Bell, Alexis T.; Iglesia, Enrique

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

State of Missouri 1991--1992 Energy Information Administration State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP)  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Missouri State Heating Oil and Propane Program was to develop a joint state-level company-specific data collective effort. The State of Missouri provided to the US Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration company specific price and volume information on residential No. 2 heating oil and propane on a semimonthly basis. The energy companies participating under the program were selected at random by the US Department of Energy and provided to the Missouri Department of Natural Resources' Division of Energy prior to the implementation of the program. The specific data collection responsibilities for the Missouri Department of Natural Resources' Division of Energy included: (1) Collection of semimonthly residential heating oil and propane prices, collected on the first and third Monday from August 1991 through August 1992; and, (2) Collection of annual sales volume data for residential propane for the period September 1, 1990 through August 31. 1991. This data was required for the first report only. These data were provided on a company identifiable level to the extent permitted by State law. Information was transmitted to the US Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration through the Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO).

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook 2001  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This PowerPoint presentation provides an early look at the crude oil, heating oil, and propane market outlooks for the winter of 2001/02. It was given by Doug MacIntyre at the 2001 State Heating Oil and Propane Program Conference held in Wilmington, DE on August 13, 2001.

Information Center

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook 2003  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This PowerPoint presentation provides an early look at the crude oil, heating oil, and propane market outlooks for the winter of 2003/04. It was given at the 2003 State Heating Oil and Propane Program Conference held in Asheville, NC on August 11, 2003.

Information Center

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This PowerPoint presentation provides an early look at the crude oil, heating oil, and propane market outlooks for the winter of 2002/03. It was given at the 2002 State Heating Oil and Propane Program Conference held in Kennebunkport, ME on August 12, 2002.

Information Center

2002-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

234

National propane safety week caps fifth anniversary of GAS Check  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on National Propane Safety Week. The publicity encompassed everything from preventative maintenance to safe winter storage of cylinders. This campaign focused much of its attention on GAS (gas appliance system) Check, the propane industry's most well-known safety program.

Prowler, S.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Heating Oil and Propane Update - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

all Petroleum Reports all Petroleum Reports Heating Oil and Propane Update Weekly heating oil and propane prices are only collected during the heating season, which extends from October through March. U.S. Heating Oil and Propane Prices Residential Heating Oil Graph. Residential Propane Graph. change from change from Heating Oil 12/16/2013 week ago year ago Propane 12/16/2013 week ago year ago Residential 3.952 values are down 0.004 values are down 0.008 Residential 2.712 values are up 0.091 values are up 0.469 Wholesale 3.074 values are down 0.063 values are not available NA Wholesale 1.637 values are up 0.113 values are not available NA Note: Price in dollars per gallon, excluding taxes. Values shown on the graph and corresponding data pages for the previous week may be revised to account for late submissions and corrections.

236

Effects of Propane/Natural Gas Blended Fuels on Gas Turbine Pollutant Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

U.S. natural gas composition is expected to be more variable in the future. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) imports to the U.S. are expected to grow significantly over the next 10-15 years. Unconventional gas supplies, like coal-bed methane, are also expected to grow. As a result of these anticipated changes, the composition of fuel sources may vary significantly from existing domestic natural gas supplies. To allow the greatest use of gas supplies, end-use equipment should be able to accommodate the widest possible gas composition. For this reason, the effect of gas composition on combustion behavior is of interest. This paper will examine the effects of fuel variability on pollutant emissions for premixed gas turbine conditions. The experimental data presented in this paper have been collected from a pressurized single injector combustion test rig at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). The tests are conducted at 7.5 atm with a 589K air preheat. A propane blending facility is used to vary the Wobbe Index of the site natural gas. The results indicate that propane addition of about five (vol.) percent does not lead to a significant change in the observed NOx emissions. These results vary from data reported in the literature for some engine applications and potential reasons for these differences are discussed.

D. Straub; D. Ferguson; K. Casleton; G. Richards

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Heat pipe methanator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heat pipe methanator for converting coal gas to methane. Gravity return heat pipes are employed to remove the heat of reaction from the methanation promoting catalyst, transmitting a portion of this heat to an incoming gas pre-heat section and delivering the remainder to a steam generating heat exchanger.

Ranken, William A. (Los Alamos, NM); Kemme, Joseph E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1976-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

238

NETL: Methane Hydrates - Methane Hydrate Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Reference Shelf The Methane Hydrate Reference Shelf was created to provide a repository for information collected from projects funded as part of the National Methane Hydrate R&D Program. As output from the projects is received, it will be reviewed and then placed onto the reference shelf to be available to other methane hydrate researchers. Projects: DOE/NETL Projects : These pages contain detailed information on methane hydrate projects funded through the National Energy Technology Laboratory. Publications: Newsletter | Bibliography | Software | Reports | Program Publications | Photo Gallery Newsletter: Fire in the Ice: A publication highlighting the National Methane Hydrate R&D Program Bibliography: "Project Reports Bibliography"[PDF]: The bibliography lists publications resulting from DOE/NETL-sponsored

239

Propane education and research. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Energy and Power of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session on H.R. 3546, June 8, 1994  

SciTech Connect

The hearing addresses H.R. 3546 a bill to provide for the establishment of a program for safety, development and education in the Propane Gas Industry for the benefit of propane consumers and the public. Statement of witnesses and documents submitted for the record are included. The proposed legislative text is provided.

NONE

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

240

Propane tank explosion (2 deaths, 7 injuries) at Herrig Brothers Feather Creek Farm, Albert City, Iowa, April 9, 1998. Investigation report  

SciTech Connect

This report explains the explosion/BLEVE that took place on April 9, 1998, at the Herrig Brothers Feather Creek Farm, located in Albert City, Iowa. Two volunteer fire fighters were killed and seven other emergency response personnel were injured. Safety issues covered in the report include protection of propane storage tanks and piping, state regulatory oversight of such installations, and fire fighter response to propane storage tank fires.

NONE

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Operation of an aircraft engine using liquefied methane fuel  

SciTech Connect

The operation of a reciprocating aircraft engine on methane fuel is demonstrated. Since storage of the methane fuel in the gaseous state would impractical for a flight fuel system, a liquid storage system was used. System valving was configured to deliver only liquid methane to the engine supply line. The equipment description includes photo and diagram illustrations of the liquid methane storage dewar, and photos of the methane heat exchanger, pressure regulator and air-fuel mixer. The engine test results are presented for gasoline and methane in terms of RPM, horsepower, fuel flow, specific energy consumption and standard conditions horsepower. Conclusions include the finding that conversion of an aircraft reciprocating engine to operate on liquified methane is possible with very satisfactory results.

Raymer, J.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Adsorption of propane, isopropyl, and hydrogen on cluster models of the M1 phase of Mo-V-Te-Nb-O mixed metal oxide catalyst  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Mo-V-Te-Nb-O mixed metal oxide catalyst possessing the M1 phase structure is uniquely capable of directly converting propane into acrylonitrile. However, the mechanism of this complex eight-electron transformation, which includes a series of oxidative H-abstraction and N-insertion steps, remains poorly understood. We have conducted a density functional theory study of cluster models of the proposed active and selective site for propane ammoxidation, including the adsorption of propane, isopropyl (CH{sub 3}CHCH{sub 3}), and H which are involved in the first step of this transformation, that is, the methylene C-H bond scission in propane, on these active site models. Among the surface oxygen species, the telluryl oxo (Te=O) is found to be the most nucleophilic. Whereas the adsorption of propane is weak regardless of the MO{sub x} species involved, isopropyl and H adsorption exhibits strong preference in the order of Te=O > V=O > bridging oxygens > empty Mo apical site, suggesting the importance of TeO{sub x} species for H abstraction. The adsorption energies of isopropyl and H and consequently the reaction energy of the initial dehydrogenation of propane are strongly dependent on the number of ab planes included in the cluster, which points to the need to employ multilayer cluster models to correctly capture the energetics of surface chemistry on this mixed metal oxide catalyst.

Govindasamy, Agalya [University of Cincinnati; Muthukumar, Kaliappan [University of Cincinnati; Yu, Junjun [University of Cincinnati; Xu, Ye [ORNL; Guliants, Vadim V. [University of Cincinnati

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook 8/13/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook Short-Term World Oil Price Forecast Price Movements Related to Supply/Demand Balance OPEC Production Likely To Remain Low U.S. Reflects World Market Crude Oil Outlook Conclusions Distillate Prices Increase With Crude Oil Distillate Stocks on the East Coast Were Very Low Entering Last Winter Distillate Demand Strong Last Winter More Supply Possible This Fall than Forecast Distillate Fuel Oil Imports Could Be Available - For A Price Distillate Supply/Demand Balance Reflected in Spreads Distillate Stocks Expected to Remain Low Winter Crude Oil and Distillate Price Outlook Heating Oil Outlook Conclusion Propane Prices Follow Crude Oil

244

VEE-0040- In the Matter of Western Star Propane, Inc.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On February 18, 1997, Western Star Propane, Inc. (Western) filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its application,...

245

California Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

California Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1980's:

246

Tennessee Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Tennessee Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 ... No.1 and No. 2 ...

247

Maryland Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Residential Propane: 3.306: 3.337: 3.363: 3.455: 3.505: 3.512: 1990-2013-= No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to ...

248

Connecticut Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March) (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Residential Heating Oil: 3.967: 3.925: 3.945: 3.943: 3.943 ...

249

Maine Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March) (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Residential Heating Oil: 3.569: 3.575: 3.559: 3.561: 3.559 ...

250

RECS Propane Usage Form_v1 (Draft).xps  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

propane usage for this housing unit between September 2008 and April 2010. Delivery Number Enter the Delivery Date for each delivery 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Enter the Total Dollar...

251

Propane Prices Follow Crude Oil - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Prices are one of the first signals in deciphering what is happening in the market. This chart shows propane prices (both spot and retail) as well as spot heating oil ...

252

Propane Demand is Highly Seasonal, But Fresh Supply is Not  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 Notes: Propane, like heating oil, has a highly seasonal demand pattern. Demand increases about 50% from its low point to its peak. Production and net imports, on the other hand,...

253

U.S. Propane Imports - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Another source of supply of propane is from imports. Imports for the first five months of this year have decreased about 8 percent (about 13 thousand barrels per day ...

254

Methane production by attached film  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for purifying wastewater of biodegradable organics by converting the organics to methane and carbon dioxide gases is disclosed, characterized by the use of an anaerobic attached film expanded bed reactor for the reaction process. Dilute organic waste material is initially seeded with a heterogeneous anaerobic bacteria population including a methane-producing bacteria. The seeded organic waste material is introduced into the bottom of the expanded bed reactor which includes a particulate support media coated with a polysaccharide film. A low-velocity upward flow of the organic waste material is established through the bed during which the attached bacterial film reacts with the organic material to produce methane and carbon dioxide gases, purified water, and a small amount of residual effluent material. The residual effluent material is filtered by the film as it flows upwardly through the reactor bed. In a preferred embodiment, partially treated effluent material is recycled from the top of the bed to the bottom of the bed for further treatment. The methane and carbon dioxide gases are then separated from the residual effluent material and purified water.

Jewell, William J. (202 Eastwood Ave., Ithaca, NY 14850)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

NETL: Methane Hydrates - Methane Hydrate Library  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ridge region Ongoing areas of study in the Hydrate Ridge region Map showing where gas hydrates occur off the Cascadia Margin Locations of methane hydrate off the Cascadia Margin...

256

NETL: Methane Hydrates - Methane Hydrate Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrates Primer provides background and general information about the history of hydrate R&D, the science of methane hydrates, their occurrences, and R&D related issues. Photo...

257

Why not methane--5. Delivering methane  

SciTech Connect

A discussion showed that the methane delivery system in the U.S. consists of 350,000 mi of underground high-pressure pipelines, 650,000 mi of distribution mains and connections to 45 million energy users. This delivery system now carries much less natural gas than it could carry because of the regulation-caused shortages of recent years. The delivery system is also connected to an efficient storage system of exhausted underground gas wells into which methane from any source (e.g., gasification of coal or vegetation) could be pumped and then recovered as needed. This storage system could be readily expanded and could thus be used for strategic storage of methane. Enough methane could be stored to replace foreign oil if the foreign supply should be interrupted; and methane can be quickly delivered nation-wide, whereas strategic oil storage requires unusual and expensive provisions for delivery. Natural gas usage could be increased by 20Vertical Bar3< in two years and would reduce payments for imported oil by about $10 billion. Doubling the amount of methane used in the U.S. would eliminate the need for foreign oil entirely.

Luntey, E.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Methane to methanol conversion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this project is to develop a novel process by which natural gas or methane from coal gasification products can be converted to a transportable liquid fuel. It is proposed that methanol can be produced by the direct, partial oxidation of methane utilizing air or oxygen. It is anticipated that, compared to present technologies, the new process might offer significant economic advantages with respect to capital investment and methane feedstock purity requirements. Results to date are discussed. 6 refs.

Finch, F.T.; Danen, W.C.; Lyman, J.L.; Oldenborg, R.C.; Rofer, C.K.; Ferris, M.J.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

EFFECT OF FUEL TYPE ON FLAME IGNITION BY TRANSIENT PLASMA Jianbang Liu1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT Rise and delay times of mixtures of methane, propane, n-butane, iso-butane and iso- octane mixed performance of various fuels including methane, propane, iso-butane, n-butane and iso-octane mixed with air

260

Coalbed Methane Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Methane Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Period: Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes 2006 2007 2008 2009...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Plasma—Methane Reformation  

INL thermal plasma methane reformation process produces hydrogen and elemental carbon from natural gas and other hydrocarbons, such as natural gas or ...

262

Trends Online Methane Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Emissions Introduction Annual Estimates of Global Anthropogenic Methane Emissions: 1860-1994 - D.I. Stern and R.K. Kaufmann Contents-Trends | CDIAC Home 102001...

263

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oregon Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

264

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

265

Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

266

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Iowa Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) The list below contains summaries of all Iowa laws and incentives related

267

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Utah Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) The list below contains summaries of all Utah laws and incentives related

268

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

269

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New York Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

270

Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

271

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maine Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) The list below contains summaries of all Maine laws and incentives related

272

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

273

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kansas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

274

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nevada Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

275

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alaska Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

276

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idaho Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) The list below contains summaries of all Idaho laws and incentives related

277

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Propane  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)

278

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ohio Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) The list below contains summaries of all Ohio laws and incentives related

279

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Propane (LPG) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Texas Laws and Incentives for Propane (LPG) The list below contains summaries of all Texas laws and incentives related

280

Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Charter | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Charter Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Charter Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Charter Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Charter...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Hydrogen Safety Issues Compared to Safety Issues with Methane and Propane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Explosion Properties of the Hydrogen-Oxygen System in VentedH. H. and Kumnick, A. J. , “Hydrogen and the Integrityof Structural Alloys” Hydrogen Energy, Plenum Press, New

Green, Michael A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Hydrogen Safety Issues Compared to Safety Issues with Methane and Propane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DOE funding for the US Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Collaboration is also gratefully acknowledged. REFERENCES Handbook

Green, Michael A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

NIST: Methane Symmetry Operations - Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methane Symmetry Operations. ... At least three T d symmetry classification systems are widely used at present in the methane literature [5-13]. ...

284

Methane-derived hydrocarbons produced under upper-mantle conditions  

SciTech Connect

There is widespread evidence that petroleum originates from biological processes. Whether hydrocarbons can also be produced from abiogenic precursor molecules under the high-pressure, high-temperature conditions characteristic of the upper mantle remains an open question. It has been proposed that hydrocarbons generated in the upper mantle could be transported through deep faults to shallower regions in the Earth's crust, and contribute to petroleum reserves. Here we use in situ Raman spectroscopy in laser-heated diamond anvil cells to monitor the chemical reactivity of methane and ethane under upper-mantle conditions. We show that when methane is exposed to pressures higher than 2 GPa, and to temperatures in the range of 1,000-1,500 K, it partially reacts to form saturated hydrocarbons containing 2-4 carbons (ethane, propane and butane) and molecular hydrogen and graphite. Conversely, exposure of ethane to similar conditions results in the production of methane, suggesting that the synthesis of saturated hydrocarbons is reversible. Our results support the suggestion that hydrocarbons heavier than methane can be produced by abiogenic processes in the upper mantle.

Kolesnikov, Anton; Kutcherov, Vladimir G.; Goncharov, Alexander F.; (CIW); (RITS)

2009-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

285

PROPANE: An Environment for Examining the Propagation of Errors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to produce reliable software, it is important to have knowledge on how faults and errors may affect the software. In particular, designing efficient error detection mechanisms requires not only knowledge on which types of errors to detect but also the effect these errors may have on the software as well as how they propagate through the software. This paper presents the Propagation Analysis Environment (PROPANE) which is a tool for profiling and conducting fault injection experiments on software running on desktop computers. PROPANE supports the injection of both software faults (by mutation of source code) and data errors (by manipulating variable and memory contents). PROPANE supports various error types out-of-the-box and has support for user-defined error types. For logging, probes are provided for charting the values of variables and memory areas as well as for registering events during execution of the system under test. PROPANE has a flexible design making it useful for development of a wide range of software systems, e.g., embedded software, generic software components, or user-level desktop applications. We show examples of results obtained using PROPANE and how these can guide software developers to where software error detection and recovery could increase the reliability of the software system.

Martin Hiller; Arshad Jhumka; Neeraj Suri

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laboratory Studies in Support of Characterization of Recoverable Resources from Methane Hydrate Deposits Last Reviewed 5/10/2012 Laboratory Studies in Support of Characterization of Recoverable Resources from Methane Hydrate Deposits Last Reviewed 5/10/2012 ESD05-048 Goal The project is bringing new laboratory measurements and evaluation techniques to bear on the difficult problems of characterization and gas recovery from methane hydrate deposits. Performer Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 Background LBNL is performing laboratory tests to provide data to support the characterization and development of methane hydrate deposits. Major areas of research underway include hydrologic measurements, combined geomechanical/geophysical measurements, and synthetic hydrate formation studies. Hydrologic Measurements Relatively little research has been done to experimentally determine

287

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Seismic-Scale Rock Physics of Methane Hydrate Seismic-Scale Rock Physics of Methane Hydrate DE-FC26-05NT42663 Goal The goal of this project was to establish rock physics models for use in generating synthetic seismic signatures of methane hydrate reservoirs. Ultimately, the intent was to improve seismic detection and quantification of offshore and onshore methane hydrate accumulations. Performer Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 Background Gas hydrate reservoir characterization is, in principle, no different from traditional hydrocarbon reservoir characterization. The seismic response of the subsurface is determined by the spatial distribution of the elastic properties (properties of the subsurface that deform as seismic waves pass through it) and attenuation. By mapping changes in the elastic properties, scientists can identify geologic features, including hydrocarbon reservoirs.

288

GEOTHERMAL FLUID PROPENE AND PROPANE: INDICATORS OF FLUID | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FLUID PROPENE AND PROPANE: INDICATORS OF FLUID FLUID PROPENE AND PROPANE: INDICATORS OF FLUID Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: GEOTHERMAL FLUID PROPENE AND PROPANE: INDICATORS OF FLUID Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The use of fluid inclusion gas analysis propene/propene ratios is investigated. Ratios of these species are affected by geothermal fluid temperature and oxidations state. Our purpose is to determine if analyses of these species in fluid inclusions these species to can be used to interpret fluid type, history, or process. Analyses were performed on drill cuttings at 20ft intervals from four Coso geothermal wells. Two wells are good producers, one has cold-water entrants in the production zone, and the fourth is a non-producer. The ratios show distinct differences between

289

Selective dehydrogenation of propane over novel catalytic materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The conversion of small alkanes into alkenes represents an important chemical processing area; ethylene and propylene are the two most important organic chemicals manufactured in the U.S. These chemicals are currently manufactured by steam cracking of ethane and propane, an extremely energy intensive, nonselective process. The development of catalytic technologies (e.g., selective dehydrogenation) that can be used to produce ethylene and propylene from ethane and propane with greater selectivity and lower energy consumption than steam cracking will have a major impact on the chemical processing industry. This report details a study of two novel catalytic materials for the selective dehydrogenation of propane: Cr supported on hydrous titanium oxide ion-exchangers, and Pt nanoparticles encapsulated in silica and alumina aerogel and xerogel matrices.

Sault, A.G.; Boespflug, E.P.; Martino, A.; Kawola, J.S.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Selective Dehydrogenation of Propane over Novel Catalytic Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The conversion of small alkanes into alkenes represents an important chemical processing area; ethylene and propylene are the two most important organic chemicals manufactured in the U.S. These chemicals are currently manufactured by steam cracking of ethane and propane, an extremely energy intensive, nonselective process. The development of catalytic technologies (e.g., selective dehydrogenation) that can be used to produce ethylene and propylene from ethane and propane with greater selectivity and lower energy consumption than steam cracking will have a major impact on the chemical processing industry. This report details a study of two novel catalytic materials for the selective dehydrogenation of propane: Cr supported on hydrous titanium oxide ion-exchangers, and Pt nanoparticles encapsulated in silica and alumina aerogel and xerogel matrices. 4 Acknowledgment The authors thank United Catalysts, Inc. for stimulating technical discussions and for providing samples of commercial ...

Allen Sault Elaine; Elaine P. Boespflug Anthony Martino; Jeffrey S. Kawola

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Activation of methane by transition metal-substituted aluminophosphate molecular sieves  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Aluminophosphate molecular sieves substituted with cobalt, manganese or iron and having the AlPO{sub 4}-34 or AlPO{sub 4}-5, or related AlPO{sub 4} structure activate methane starting at approximately 350{degree}C. Between 400 and 500{degree}C and at methane pressures {le} 1 atmosphere the rate of methane conversion increases steadily with typical conversion efficiencies at 500{degree}C approaching 50% and selectivity to the production of C{sub 2+} hydrocarbons approaching 100%. The cobalt substituted AlPO{sub 4}-34 structure (CoAPSO-34) produces ethylene, ethane, propylene, and propane in varying proportions, depending on reaction conditions. The cobalt-substituted AlPO{sub 4}-5 (CoAPSO-5) produces polypropylene in very high yield, with ethane, ethylene, and propane also produced. The activation mechanism is based on reduction of the transition metal (III) from of the molecular sieve to the transition metal(II) form with accompanying oxidative dehydrogenation of the methane. Reoxidation of the transition metal(II) form to the transition metal (III) form can be done either chemically (e.g., using O{sub 2}) or electrochemically. 4 figs.

Iton, L.E.; Maroni, V.A.

1990-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

292

Methods for applying microchannels to separate methane using liquid absorbents, especially ionic liquid absorbents from a mixture comprising methane and nitrogen  

SciTech Connect

Methods of using microchannel separation systems including absorbents to improve thermal efficiency and reduce parasitic power loss. Energy is typically added to desorb methane and then energy or heat is removed to absorb methane using a working solution. The working solution or absorbent may comprise an ionic liquid, or other fluids that demonstrate a difference in affinity between methane and nitrogen in a solution.

Tonkovich, Anna Lee Y. (Dublin, OH); Litt, Robert D. (Westerville, OH); Dongming, Qiu (Dublin, OH); Silva, Laura J. (Plain City, OH); Lamont, Micheal Jay (Plain City, OH); Fanelli, Maddalena (Plain City, OH); Simmons, Wayne W. (Plain city, OH); Perry, Steven (Galloway, OH)

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

293

Dairy methane generator. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Details of the work completed under this contract are presented. During the winter of 1979-80 three students enrolled, in the Mechanical Design Engineering Technology program at the Pennsylvania State University's Capitol Campus (Middletown, PA), undertook a feasibility study for the utilization of the manure generated by the dairy cows located on Mr. Thomas B. Williams farm for the generation and use of methane gas. The results of their effort was the design of an Anaerobic Digester/Electric Generation System. This preliminary designed system was later changed and improved by another group of P.S.U. MDET students in the spring of 1980. The final design included working drawings and an economic analysis of the estimated investment necessary to complete the Methane Generator/Electric Power Generation System.

Williams, T.B.

1981-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

294

Hotel gets 1-yr. payback from propane-fired cogenerator  

SciTech Connect

A Philadelphia Ramada Inn recovered the costs of a $150,000 propane-fired cogenerator system within a year. The system reduced the energy consumed for hot water and air conditioning by 35% and reversed the high energy costs the hotel incurred when it was forced to shift from natural gas to electricity. The 170 horsepower system, which handles a variety of liquid and gaseous fuels as well as propane, replaces two boilers that were used to heat water. The hotel supplements cogenerated power with purchases from the utility. Waste heat is recaptured for space and water heating. The system's overall efficiency is 96%.

Barber, J.

1983-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

295

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax to someone by E-mail Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Propane Tax Retail sales for CNG and liquefied petroleum gas (propane) used to operate

296

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Propane Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on AddThis.com... Oct. 2, 2009

297

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Yellow Cab Converts Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on AddThis.com... July 9, 2011 Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio

298

U.S. Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March) (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... Residential Propane: 2.376: 2.405: 2.413: 2.449: 2.486: 2.489: 1990-2013:

299

U.S. Natural Gas Supplemental Gas - Propane Air (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Propane Air (Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Supplemental Gas - Propane Air (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

300

Mechanistic aspects of lean NO2 reduction by propane over HZSM-5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study focuses on the mechanism of lean NO2 reduction by propane. In particular the role of ... KEY WORDS: FTIR; lean NO2 reduction; propane; HZSM- 5. 1.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND KINETIC STUDIES OF MIXED METAL Mo-V-Nb-Te OXIDE CATALYSTS FOR PROPANE AMMOXIDATION TO ACRYLONITRILE.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The ample abundance and low cost of propane has recently spurred an interest in the manufacture of acrylic acid and acrylonitrile from propane, both important… (more)

BHATT, SALIL R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Methane Hydrates - Methane Hydrate Graduate Fellowship  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Future Supply and Emerging Resources Future Supply and Emerging Resources The National Methane Hydrates R&D Program - Graduate Fellowship Program Methane Hydrate Graduate Fellowship Program Jeffrey James Marlow, a graduate student in Geobiology at the California Institute of Technology, was recently selected as the 2012 recipient of the NETL-National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Methane Hydrate Research Fellowship. Please see page 15 of the March 2013 issue (Vol. 13, Issue 1) of Fire in the Ice for more information on the recipient. The Department of Energy has a long history of building synergistic relationships with research universities. Funding academic research is a "win-win-win" situation. The U.S. government is able to tap into some of the best minds available for solving national energy problems, the universities get the support they need to maintain cutting edge faculty and laboratories, and the students involved are provided with opportunities that help them along their chosen path of study, strengthening the national pool of scientists and engineers. According to Samuel Bodman, speaking about graduate research in methane hydrates, "Students are the foundation of our energy future, bringing new ideas and fresh perspectives to the energy industry. What better way to assure technology innovation than to encourage students working on the development of a resource that has the potential to tip our energy balance toward clean-burning, domestic fuels."

303

Propane Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Chart (Revised) (Fact Sheet)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This chart shows the SDOs responsible for leading the support and development of key codes and standards for propane.

Not Available

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

THE REACTIONS OF ENERGETIC CARBON ATOMS IN METHANE OXYGEN AND PHASE DEPENDENCE RADIATION DAMAGE EFFECTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Studies were made on the reactions of C/sup 11/ in methane containing oxygen. The nuclear reactions C/sup 12/(n,2n) and C/sup 12/(p,pn) were used to produce C/sup 11/. Concomitant radiolysis of the methane during C/sup 11/ production clearly affected product distribution. C/sup 11/-labeled ethane and propane decreased while methane, ethylene, and acetylene decreased. It was assumed that reduction by hydrogen atoms was probably occurring in the unscavenged system. The effects of oxygen and of phase are discussed. In all cases, in duplicate systems, the product distributions resulting from inducing the C/sup 12/(p,pn) reaction were the same within experimental error as those resulting from the C/sup 12/(n,2n) reaction. (P.C.H.)

Stoecklin, G.; Stangl, H.; Christman, D.R.; Cumming, J.B.; Wolf, A.P.

1963-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes June 6th - 7th, 2013...

306

New York Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Residential Heating Oil: 4.392: 4.402: 4.380: 4.312: 4.314: 4.289: 1990-2013: Wholesale Heating Oil : Residential Propane: 2.902: 2.920: 2.931: 2.928: 2.933: 2.935 ...

307

Adsorption equilibria of propane on activated carbon and molecular sieves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data of adsorption isotherm of propane on activated carbon (AC), molecular sieve carbon (MSC), MS13X and MS5A at 303K, 328K and 353K are acquired using constant volumetric method. Isosteric heats can be obtained indirectly from the isotherms using the ... Keywords: VOCs, adsorption, equilibrium models, isosteric heats, isotherm

Z. Yaakob; S. K. Kamarudin; I. Kamaruzaman; A. Ibrahim

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Table C5. Residential Propane Prices by Region and State ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table C5. Residential Propane Prices by Region and State (Cents per Gallon) ... New York 141.9 145.6 146.4 150.4 153.7 162.1 164.5 168.1 169.0 190.2 ...

309

Methane Hydrate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FY 2011 FY 2011 Methane Hydrate Program Report to Congress July 2012 United States Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 Department of Energy | July 2012 FY 2011 Methane Hydrate Program Report to Congress | Page ii Message from the Secretary Section 968 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 requires the Department of Energy to submit to Congress an annual report on the results of methane hydrate research. I am pleased to submit the enclosed report entitled U.S. Department of Energy FY 2011 Methane Hydrate Program Report to Congress. The report was prepared by the Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy and summarizes the progress being made in this important area of research. Pursuant to statutory requirements, this report is being provided to the following

310

Methane Hydrate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fiscal Year 2012 Fiscal Year 2012 Methane Hydrate Program Report to Congress August 2013 United States Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 Department of Energy | August 2013 Fiscal Year 2012 Methane Hydrate Program Report to Congress | Page ii Message from the Secretary Section 968 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 requires the Department of Energy to submit to Congress an annual report on the actions taken to carry out methane hydrate research. I am pleased to submit the enclosed report, entitled U.S. Department of Energy Fiscal Year 2012 Methane Hydrate Program Report to Congress. The report was prepared by the Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy and summarizes the progress being made in this important area

311

Methane Hydrate Annual Reports  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Section 968 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 requires the Department of Energy to submit to Congress an annual report on the results of Methane Hydrate research. Listed are the Annual Reports per...

312

Series 50 propane-fueled Nova bus: Engine development, installation, and field trials  

SciTech Connect

The report describes a project to develop the Detroit Diesel series 50 liquefied propane gas (LPG) heavy-duty engine and to conduct demonstrations of LPG-fuelled buses at selected sites (Halifax Regional Municipality and three sites in the United States). The project included five main elements: Engine development and certification, chassis re-engineering and engine installation, field demonstration, LPG fuel testing, and LPG fuel variability testing. Lessons learned with regard to engine design and other issues are discussed, and recommendations are made for further development and testing.

Smith, B.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

WesternGovernors’Asociation Transportation Fuels for the Future Natural Gas and Propane WGA Hydrogen Team  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 The following report is based on the contributions of the individuals and organizations listed below. The Team members were chosen for their breadth of knowledge and industry or policy experience. The group was assembled with the goal of having a wide scope of interests including industry, academia and environmental analysis. The group also worked towards consensus viewpoints on the critical issues impacting the development of natural gas and propane as commercially available alternative fuels. This consensus model helped to achieve a balanced perspective on the challenges and potential solutions to further commercial development of this alternative transportation fuel.

Tom Brotherton Weststart/calstart; Curtis Donaldson; Cleanfuel Usa

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

TRENDS: METHANE EMISSIONS - INTRODUCTION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Of the total direct radiative forcing of long-lived greenhouse gases (2.45 Of the total direct radiative forcing of long-lived greenhouse gases (2.45 Wm-2), almost 20% is attributable to methane (CH4), according to the 1995 report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 1995). Since the mid-1700s, the atmospheric concentration of methane has increased by about 145% (IPCC 1995). Thus, an understanding of the various sources of methane is important. Atmospheric methane is produced both from natural sources (e.g., wetlands) and from human activities (see global methane cycle, from Professor W.S. Reeburgh at the University of California Irvine). Total sources of methane to the atmosphere for the period 1980-1990 were about 535 (range of 410-660) Tg (1 Teragram = 1 million metric tons) CH4 per year, of which 160 (110-210) Tg CH4/yr were from natural sources and 375 (300-450) Tg CH4/yr

315

Methane Hydrate | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Methane Hydrate Methane Hydrate Methane Hydrate Types of Methane Hydrate Deposits Types of Methane Hydrate Deposits Methane hydrate is a cage-like lattice of ice inside of which are trapped molecules of methane, the chief constituent of natural gas. If methane hydrate is either warmed or depressurized, it will revert back to water and natural gas. When brought to the earth's surface, one cubic meter of gas hydrate releases 164 cubic meters of natural gas. Hydrate deposits may be several hundred meters thick and generally occur in two types of settings: under Arctic permafrost, and beneath the ocean floor. Methane that forms hydrate can be both biogenic, created by biological activity in sediments, and thermogenic, created by geological processes deeper within the earth.

316

Preprint typeset using L ATEX style emulateapj v. 7/15/03 PROPANE ON TITAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first observations of propane (C3H8) on Titan that unambiguously resolve propane features from other numerous stratospheric emissions. This is accomplished using a R = ?/?? ? 10 5 spectrometer (TEXES) to observe propane’s ?26 rotation-vibration band near 748 cm ?1. We find a best-fit fractional abundance of propane in Titan’s stratosphere of (6.2 ± 1.2) × 10 ?7 in the altitude range to which we are sensitive (90-250 km or 13-0.24 mbar). Subject headings: planets and satellites: Titan, infrared: solar system, molecular data

H. G. Roe; T. K. Greathouse; M. J. Richter; J. H. Lacy

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Propane Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Liquefied Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Propane Tax and User Permit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Propane Tax and User Permit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Propane Tax and User Permit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Propane Tax and User Permit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Propane Tax and User Permit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Propane Tax and User Permit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Propane Tax and User Permit on AddThis.com...

318

NETL: Methane Hydrates - Global Assessment of Methane Gas Hydrates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Assessment of Methane Gas Hydrates Last Reviewed 6142013 DE-FE0003060 Goal The goal of this project is to develop a global assessment of methane gas hydrates that will facilitate...

319

Methane Emissions - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Carbon Dioxide Equivalent; Estimated 2003 ... for about 8.7 percent of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions when weighted by methane’s global warming potential factor.

320

Enhancement of Biogenic Coalbed Methane Production and Back Injection of Coalbed Methane Co-Produced Water  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biogenic methane is a common constituent in deep subsurface environments such as coalbeds and oil shale beds. Coalbed methane (CBM) makes significant contributions to world natural gas industry and CBM production continues to increase. With increasing CBM production, the production of CBM co-produced water increases, which is an environmental concern. This study investigated the feasibility in re-using CBM co-produced water and other high sodic/saline water to enhance biogenic methane production from coal and other unconventional sources, such as oil shale. Microcosms were established with the selected carbon sources which included coal, oil shale, lignite, peat, and diesel-contaminated soil. Each microcosm contained either CBM coproduced water or groundwater with various enhancement and inhibitor combinations. Results indicated that the addition of nutrients and nutrients with additional carbon can enhance biogenic methane production from coal and oil shale. Methane production from oil shale was much greater than that from coal, which is possibly due to the greater amount of available Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) from oil shale. Inconclusive results were observed from the other sources since the incubation period was too low. WRI is continuing studies with biogenic methane production from oil shale.

Song Jin

2007-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Enhanced coalbed methane recovery  

SciTech Connect

The recovery of coalbed methane can be enhanced by injecting CO{sub 2} in the coal seam at supercritical conditions. Through an in situ adsorption/desorption process the displaced methane is produced and the adsorbed CO{sub 2} is permanently stored. This is called enhanced coalbed methane recovery (ECBM) and it is a technique under investigation as a possible approach to the geological storage of CO{sub 2} in a carbon dioxide capture and storage system. This work reviews the state of the art on fundamental and practical aspects of the technology and summarizes the results of ECBM field tests. These prove the feasibility of ECBM recovery and highlight substantial opportunities for interdisciplinary research at the interface between earth sciences and chemical engineering.

Mazzotti, M.; Pini, R.; Storti, G. [ETH, Zurich (Switzerland). Inst. of Process Engineering

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

322

Ford F-250 Fact Sheet: Bi-fuel propane pickup  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is promoting the use of alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). To support this activity, DOE has directed the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to conduct projects to evaluate the performance and acceptability of light-duty AFVs. A 1999 F-250 bi-fuel propane pickup was run through a series of tests while operating on LPB and gasoline. The tests are explained briefly in this fact sheet.

Eudy, L.

1999-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

323

Energy Department Advances Research on Methane Hydrates - the World's  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department Advances Research on Methane Hydrates - the Energy Department Advances Research on Methane Hydrates - the World's Largest Untapped Fossil Energy Resource Energy Department Advances Research on Methane Hydrates - the World's Largest Untapped Fossil Energy Resource August 31, 2012 - 1:20pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON, D.C. - The Energy Department today announced the selection of 14 new research projects across 11 states that will be a part of an expanding portfolio of projects designed to increase our understanding of methane hydrates' potential as a future energy supply. Methane hydrates are 3D ice-lattice structures with natural gas locked inside, and are found both onshore and offshore - including under the Arctic permafrost and in ocean sediments along nearly every continental shelf in the world.

324

Energy Department Advances Research on Methane Hydrates - the World's  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Research on Methane Hydrates - the Research on Methane Hydrates - the World's Largest Untapped Fossil Energy Resource Energy Department Advances Research on Methane Hydrates - the World's Largest Untapped Fossil Energy Resource August 31, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The Energy Department today announced the selection of 14 new research projects across 11 states that will be a part of an expanding portfolio of projects designed to increase our understanding of methane hydrates' potential as a future energy supply. Methane hydrates are 3D ice-lattice structures with natural gas locked inside, and are found both onshore and offshore - including under the Arctic permafrost and in ocean sediments along nearly every continental shelf in the world. Today's projects build on the completion of a successful, unprecedented test

325

The Optimization of Well Spacing in a Coalbed Methane Reservoir  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical reservoir simulation has been used to describe mechanism of methane gas desorption process, diffusion process, and fluid flow in a coalbed methane reservoir. The reservoir simulation model reflects the response of a reservoir system and the relationship among coalbed methane reservoir properties, operation procedures, and gas production. This work presents a procedure to select the optimum well spacing scenario by using a reservoir simulation. This work uses a two-phase compositional simulator with a dual porosity model to investigate well-spacing effects on coalbed methane production performance and methane recovery. Because of reservoir parameters uncertainty, a sensitivity and parametric study are required to investigate the effects of parameter variability on coalbed methane reservoir production performance and methane recovery. This thesis includes a reservoir parameter screening procedures based on a sensitivity and parametric study. Considering the tremendous amounts of simulation runs required, this work uses a regression analysis to replace the numerical simulation model for each wellspacing scenario. A Monte Carlo simulation has been applied to present the probability function. Incorporated with the Monte Carlo simulation approach, this thesis proposes a well-spacing study procedure to determine the optimum coalbed methane development scenario. The study workflow is applied in a North America basin resulting in distinct Net Present Value predictions between each well-spacing design and an optimum range of well-spacing for a particular basin area.

Sinurat, Pahala Dominicus

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Methane emissions from natural wetlands  

SciTech Connect

Analyses of air trapped in polar ice cores in conjunction with recent atmospheric measurements, indicate that the atmospheric methane concentration increased by about 250% during the past two or three hundred years (Rasmussen and Khalil, 1984). Because methane is a potent ``greenhouse`` gas, the increasing concentrations are expected to contribute to global warning (Dickinson and Cicerone, 1986). The timing of the methane increase suggests that it is related to the rapid growth of the human population and associated industrialization and agricultural development. The specific causes of the atmospheric methane concentration increase are not well known, but may relate to either increases in methane sources, decreases in the strengths of the sinks, or both.

Meyer, J.L. [Georgia Univ., Athens, GA (United States); Burke, R.A. Jr. [Environmental Protection Agency, Athens, GA (United States). Environmental Research Lab.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Variability of Gas Composition and Flux Intensity in Natural Marine Hydrocarbon Seeps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 Methane Ethane Propane Butane nd nd nd nd October 4, 2004methane, ethane, propane, and butane. Methods The flux buoyfor methane, ethane, propane, butane, oxygen, nitrogen, and

Clark, J F; Schwager, Katherine; Washburn, Libe

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Predicting methane fermentation biodegradability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Estimation of the feedstock digestibility in cows by procedures developed by Van Soest was performed. By feeding cows feedstuff of different lignin content, cell wall digestibility can be estimated. In this article a digestibility model has been employed and tested along with other models for the rapid prediction of substrate methane fermentation biodegradability.

Chandler, J.A.; Jewell, W.J.; Gossett, J.M.; Van Soest, P.J.; Robertson, J.B.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects - Temporal Characterization...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

330m, worldwide, in association with a variety of other seafloor features including methane seeps (Crutchley et al., 2010), cold-seeps (Barnes et al., 2010), pockmarks (Chand et...

330

The landfill methane balance: Model and practical applications  

SciTech Connect

A rational mass-balance framework is described for improved quantification of landfill methane processes at a given site. The methane balance model examines the partitioning of methane generated into methane recovered (via extraction systems), methane emitted, methane oxidized, methane migrated, and methane storage. This model encourages use of field-based data to better quantify rates of methane recovery and emissions.

Bogner, J.; Spokas, K.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane May 15, 2013 - 4:10pm Addthis Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000 a year. | Photo courtesy of Community Counseling Services. Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000 a year. | Photo courtesy of Community Counseling Services. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What are the key facts? Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000

332

Propane Market Outlook Assessment of Key Market Trends, Threats, and Opportunities Facing  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

0 0 Propane Market Outlook Assessment of Key Market Trends, Threats, and Opportunities Facing the Propane Industry Through 2020 P r e s e n T e d B y : Declining Sales in the Recent Past and Near-Term Future After peaking in 2003, nationwide propane consumption fell by more than 10 percent through 2006. Although propane demand rebounded somewhat in 2007 and 2008 due to colder weather, propane demand appears to have declined again in 2009. The collapse of the new housing market, combined with decreases in fuel use per customer resulting from efficiency upgrades in homes and equipment, resulted in a decline in residential propane sales. The recession also reduced demand in the industrial and commercial sectors. Colder weather in the last half of 2009 and in January

333

Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane May 15, 2013 - 4:10pm Addthis Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000 a year. | Photo courtesy of Community Counseling Services. Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000 a year. | Photo courtesy of Community Counseling Services. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What are the key facts? Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000

334

State heating oil and propane program. Final report, 1990--1991  

SciTech Connect

The following is a report of New Hampshire`s participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPS) for the 1990--91 heating season. The program is a joint effort between participating states and the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EYE) to collect retail price data for heating oil and propane through phone surveys of 25 oil and 20 propane retailers in New Hampshire. SHOPS is funded through matching grants from DOE and the participating state. (VC)

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

335

Experimental study of Morichal heavy oil recovery using combined steam and propane injection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Considerable research and testing have been conducted for the improvement of basic thermal recovery processes and for the development and application of other methods of reservoir heating. Effects of various additives injected simultaneously with steam (for the purpose of increasing steam recovery efficiency) are being evaluated. An experimental study has been performed to investigate the effect of combined steam and propane injection on recovery of heavy oil from the Morichal field, Venezuela. The experiments were conducted using an injection cell packed with sandmix containing a mixture of sand, water, and Morichal oil. Experimental runs involved injection of steam, or propane, or a mixture of steam and propane into the cell at constant rate, temperature, and pressure. The injection was kept constant at 5 g/min for all runs. Five experiments were performed, namely, run 1 (50 wt.% steam and 50 wt.% propane), run 2 (100 wt.% steam), run 3 (75 wt.% steam and 25 wt.% propane), run 4 (100 wt.% propane), and run 5 (95 wt.% steam and 5 wt.% propane). Main findings for this study are as follows. First, it appears possible to accelerate recovery of Morichal oil using combined steam and propane injection. Oil recovery at 61% OOIP may be up to 0.23 pore volume faster than using steam injection alone, with gain in ultimate recovery of up to 5% OOIP. Second, with only propane injection, at temperature and pressure conditions tested, practically no oil is recovered. Steam is necessary to reduce interfacial tension and the oil viscosity, thus allowing propane to permeate through the oil. This increases propane miscibility with oil, further reducing the residual oil saturation, and enhances the displacement efficiency. It is recommended that further research be conducted to confirm the technical and economic feasibility of steam-propane injection, particularly for other crude oil types, and at pressure and temperature conditions encountered in the field.

Goite Marcano, Jose Gregorio

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

An Analysis of U.S. Propane Markets Winter 1996-97 June 1997  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Plants Using Propane and E/P Mix Feedstock, 1989-96.....28 Figure 4.4 Wright Killen Ethylene Cash Margin and Ethane Price (Plants ...

337

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1995 467 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

338

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1999 421 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

339

Table 14. U.S. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

and EIA-782B, "Resellers'Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report." 14. U.S. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type 28 Energy Information Administration ...

340

Characterizing MTBE Cometabolism and Propane Metabolism by Mycobacterium austroafricanum JOB5.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Characterizing MTBE Cometabolism and Propane Metabolism by Mycobacterium austroafricanum JOB5. (Under the direction of Michael R. Hyman.) Cometabolic transformations are unable to support cell growth.… (more)

House, Alan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Experimental studies of steam-propane injection for the Duri intermediate crude oil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Laboratory experimental studies were carried out to better understand production mechanisms involved in steam-propane injection and to investigate effects of expected field pressure and temperature… (more)

Hendroyono, Arief

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Propane: A Mid-heating Season Assessment - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Propane - A Mid-Heating Season Assessment by David Hinton and Alice Lippert, Petroleum Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration

343

Adsorption of Propane on the Magnesium Oxide (100) Surface and Synthesis of Anodized Aluminum Oxide.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work is divided into two parts: the adsorption of propane on the magnesium oxide (100) surface and the synthesis of anodized aluminum oxide. The… (more)

Felty, Michael John

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

STUDY OF PROPANE ADSORPTION ISOTHERM ON PURIFIED HIPCO SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Isotherms of one atom thick film of adsorption for propane on purified Hipco single-walled carbon nanotube were experimentally studied at 6 different temperatures ranging from… (more)

Furuhashi, Toyohisa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Formation and emission of methane in rice soils: Experimental determination and modeling analysis. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Rice paddy soils have been identified as a major source of methane emissions contributing to the observed atmospheric increase in methane. This points to the need for a method of quantifying and predicting methane emissions for the widely varying conditions used in rice agriculture throughout the world. In the present work, a mathematical model for estimating the emission of methane from rice paddy soils is developed and refined. Kinetic parameters for methanogenesis in a Louisiana rice soil are determined from laboratory data on methane production from acetic acid substrate. Use of a stirred reactor allows simultaneous measurement of acetate consumption and methane production while minimizing mass transfer limitations. An existing model for rice plant growth is utilized to provide data on the availability of root exudates as a carbon source for the methanogens. The final methane model includes the kinetic parameters, plant data, and estimated transport parameters. With adjustments in these parameters, it provides an acceptable match to field data.

Law, V.J.; Bhattacharya, S.K.

1993-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

346

Dynamics of Propane in Silica Mesopores Formed upon Propylene Hydrogenation over Pt Nanoparticles by Time-Resolved FT-IR Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

state distribution of propane between gas and mesopore phaseWavenumber (cm ) B Gas Phase Propane 2968 cm k 1 = 3.1 ± 0.4slices showing the gas phase propane component at 216, 648,

Waslylenko, Walter; Frei, Heinz

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Methane conversion to methanol  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this research study is to demonstrate the effectiveness of a catalytic membrane reactor for the partial oxidation of methane. The specific goals are to demonstrate that we can improve product yield, demonstrate the optimal conditions for membrane reactor operation, determine the transport properties of the membrane, and provide demonstration of the process at the pilot plant scale. The last goal will be performed by Unocal, Inc., our industrial partner, upon successful completion of this study.

Noble, R.D.; Falconer, J.L.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

State of Missouri 1991--1992 Energy Information Administration State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP). Final report, August 9, 1991--August 8, 1992  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Missouri State Heating Oil and Propane Program was to develop a joint state-level company-specific data collective effort. The State of Missouri provided to the US Department of Energy`s Energy Information Administration company specific price and volume information on residential No. 2 heating oil and propane on a semimonthly basis. The energy companies participating under the program were selected at random by the US Department of Energy and provided to the Missouri Department of Natural Resources` Division of Energy prior to the implementation of the program. The specific data collection responsibilities for the Missouri Department of Natural Resources` Division of Energy included: (1) Collection of semimonthly residential heating oil and propane prices, collected on the first and third Monday from August 1991 through August 1992; and, (2) Collection of annual sales volume data for residential propane for the period September 1, 1990 through August 31. 1991. This data was required for the first report only. These data were provided on a company identifiable level to the extent permitted by State law. Information was transmitted to the US Department of Energy`s Energy Information Administration through the Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO).

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

349

Methane/nitrogen separation process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A membrane separation process for treating a gas stream containing methane and nitrogen, for example, natural gas. The separation process works by preferentially permeating methane and rejecting nitrogen. We have found that the process is able to meet natural gas pipeline specifications for nitrogen, with acceptably small methane loss, so long as the membrane can exhibit a methane/nitrogen selectivity of about 4, 5 or more. This selectivity can be achieved with some rubbery and super-glassy membranes at low temperatures. The process can also be used for separating ethylene from nitrogen.

Baker, Richard W. (Palo Alto, CA); Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Menlo Park, CA); Pinnau, Ingo (Palo Alto, CA); Segelke, Scott (Mountain View, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Methane/nitrogen separation process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A membrane separation process is described for treating a gas stream containing methane and nitrogen, for example, natural gas. The separation process works by preferentially permeating methane and rejecting nitrogen. The authors have found that the process is able to meet natural gas pipeline specifications for nitrogen, with acceptably small methane loss, so long as the membrane can exhibit a methane/nitrogen selectivity of about 4, 5 or more. This selectivity can be achieved with some rubbery and super-glassy membranes at low temperatures. The process can also be used for separating ethylene from nitrogen. 11 figs.

Baker, R.W.; Lokhandwala, K.A.; Pinnau, I.; Segelke, S.

1997-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

351

NETL: Methane Hydrates - Interagency Coordination  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Links to interagency pdf. The multi-faceted issues associated with naturally occurring methane hydrates demand a coordinated approach to studying (1) the potential of this resource...

352

DEVELOPMENT OF A CATALYST/SORBENT FOR METHANE REFORMING  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This work has led to the initial development of a very promising material that has the potential to greatly simplify hydrocarbon reforming for the production of hydrogen and to improve the overall efficiency and economics of the process. This material, which was derived from an advanced calcium-based sorbent, was composed of core-in-shell pellets such that each pellet consisted of a CaO core and an alumina-based shell. By incorporating a nickel catalyst in the shell, a combined catalyst and sorbent was prepared to facilitate the reaction of hydrocarbons with steam. It was shown that this material not only catalyzes the reactions of methane and propane with steam, it also absorbs CO{sub 2} simultaneously, and thereby separates the principal reaction products, H{sub 2} and CO{sub 2}. Furthermore, the absorption of CO{sub 2} permits the water gas shift reaction to proceed much further towards completion at temperatures where otherwise it would be limited severely by thermodynamic equilibrium. Therefore, an additional water gas shift reaction step would not be required to achieve low concentrations of CO. In a laboratory test of methane reforming at 600 C and 1 atm it was possible to produce a gaseous product containing 96 mole% H{sub 2} (dry basis) while also achieving a H{sub 2} yield of 95%. Methane reforming under these conditions without CO{sub 2} absorption provided a H{sub 2} concentration of 75 mole% and yield of 82%. Similar results were achieved in a test of propane reforming at 560 C and 1 atm which produced a product containing 96 mole% H{sub 2} while CO{sub 2} was being absorbed but which contained only 69 mole% H{sub 2} while CO{sub 2} was not being absorbed. These results were achieved with an improved catalyst support that was developed by replacing a portion of the {alpha}-alumina in the original shell material with {gamma}-alumina having a much greater surface area. This replacement had the unfortunate consequence of reducing the overall compressive strength of the core-in-shell pellets. Therefore, a preliminary study of the factors that control the surface area and compressive strength of the shell material was conducted. The important factors were identified as the relative concentrations and particle size distributions of the {alpha}-alumina, {gamma}-alumina, and limestone particles plus the calcination temperature and time used for sintering the shell material. An optimization of these factors in the future could lead to the development of a material that has both the necessary mechanical strength and catalytic activity.

B.H. Shanks; T.D. Wheelock; Justinus A. Satrio; Timothy Diehl; Brigitte Vollmer

2004-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

353

Method of determining methane and electrochemical sensor therefor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and instrument including an electrochemical cell for the detection and measurement of methane in a gas by the oxidation of methane electrochemically at a working electrode in a nonaqueous electrolyte at a voltage about about 1.4 volts versus R.H.E. (the reversible hydrogen electrode potential in the same electrolyte), and the measurement of the electrical signal resulting from the electrochemical oxidation.

Zaromb, Solomon (Hinsdale, IL); Otagawa, Takaaki (Westmont, IL); Stetter, Joseph R. (Naperville, IL)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Final report of the Rhode Island State Energy Office on residential no. 2 heating oil and propane prices [SHOPP  

SciTech Connect

Summary report on residential No.2 heating oil and propane prepared under grant. Summarizes the monitoring and analysis of heating oil and propane prices from October 2000 through March 2001.

McClanahan, Janice

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Pressure dependence of the relativistic rise in neon and highest attainable ionization sampling resolution in neon, argon, ethylene and propane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pressure dependence of the relativistic rise in neon and highest attainable ionization sampling resolution in neon, argon, ethylene and propane

Lehraus, Ivan; Tejessy, W

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Coalbed Methane  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coalbed Methane Production and Reclamation Field Tour Coalbed Methane Production and Reclamation Field Tour Coalbed Methane Production and Reclamation Field Tour Author: John Wheaton, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, Butte, MT. Venue: The tour will be conducted starting in Gillette, WY, and extend along the northern Powder River Basin, on June 3, 2007, under the auspices of the American Society for Mining and Reclamation (http://ces.ca.uky.edu/asmr/ [external site]). Abstract: This field tour will emphasize successful reclamation in an alternative type of coal industry in the Powder River Basin: coalbed methane. The tour will leave Gillette, WY, at 7:30 a.m., Sunday, June 3, 2007, and travel to Sheridan, WY, and back, touring coalbed methane production areas. Stops will include active drilling and producing areas to learn about the footprint and approach to development of coalbed methane. Reclamation includes drilling pads and linear trenching for water and gas pipelines. Produced-water management is a major expense and concern. Among the water management options we plan to see are stock-watering facilities, infiltration ponds, irrigation sites, and water treatment facilities. A landowner will join us and be able to answer questions from the ranching perspective for part of the tour. Lunches are included in the price of the tour.

357

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phase 1 - Characterization and Qualification of the Methane Hydrate Resource Potential Associated with the Barrow Gas Fields Phase 1 - Characterization and Qualification of the Methane Hydrate Resource Potential Associated with the Barrow Gas Fields DE-FC26-06NT42962 Goal The goal of this project is to characterize and quantify the postulated gas hydrate resource associated with the Barrow Gas Fields – three producing fields located in a permafrost region near Barrow, the North Slope's biggest population center and economic hub. Map of the North Slope Borough showing the location of its eight major communities, including Barrow, the site of this research project. Map of the North Slope Borough showing the location of its eight major communities, including Barrow, the site of this research project. Performers North Slope Borough, Barrow, Alaska (North Slope Borough) 99723

358

New Materials Make Methane Capture Possible  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 8, 2013... SBN, captured enough medium source methane to turn it to high purity methane, which in turn could be used to generate efficient electricity.

359

Enhanced Renewable Methane Production System | Argonne National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enhanced Renewable Methane Production System Technology available for licensing: Enhanced renewable methane production system provides a low-cost process that accelerates...

360

Florida Coalbed Methane Production (Billion Cubic Feet)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 812013 Next Release Date: 812014 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Estimated Production Florida Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

NIST: Methane Symmetry Operations - Td Symmetry Species  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table of Contents Methane Symmetry Operations. 11. ... Magnetic-dipole transitions are observed in molecular-beam studies of methane [42]. ...

362

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

represent components of dynamic biogeochemical environments with inputs and outputs of methane, accurate rates of biological methane production are poorly understood. Recent...

363

Michigan Coalbed Methane Production (Billion Cubic Feet)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 812013 Next Release Date: 812014 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Estimated Production Michigan Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and...

364

Kentucky Coalbed Methane Production (Billion Cubic Feet)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 812013 Next Release Date: 812014 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Estimated Production Kentucky Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and...

365

MethaneHydrateRD_FC.indd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Academies 2010 One of these is methane hydrate - molecules of natural gas trapped in ice crystals. Containing vast amounts of natural gas, methane hydrate occurs in a variety...

366

Upgrading Methane Using Ultra-Fast Thermal Swing Adsorption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this project is to design and demonstrate an approach to upgrade low-BTU methane streams from coal mines to pipeline-quality natural gas. The objective of Phase I of the project was to assess the technical feasibility and cost of upgrading low-BTU methane streams using ultra-fast thermal swing adsorption (TSA) using Velocys modular microchannel process technology. The objective of Phase II is to demonstrate the process at the bench-scale. Natural gas upgrading systems have six main unit operations: feed compressor, dehydration unit, nitrogen rejection unit, deoxygenator, carbon dioxide scrubber, and a sales compressor. The NRU is the focus of the development program, and a bench-scale demonstration has been initiated. The Velocys NRU system targets producing methane with greater than 96% purity and at least 90% recovery for final commercial operation. A preliminary cost analysis of the methane upgrading system, including the Velocys NRU, suggests that costs below $2.00 per million (MM) BTU methane may be achieved. The cost for a conventional methane upgrading system is well above $2.30 per MM BTU, as benchmarked in an Environmental Protection Agency study. The project is on schedule and on budget. Task 4, a bench-scale demonstration of the ultra-fast TSA system is complete. Rapid thermal swing of an adsorbent bed using microchannels has been successfully demonstrated and the separation of a 70% methane and 30% nitrogen was purified to 92% methane. The bench-scale demonstration unit was small relative to the system dead volume for the initial phase of experiments and a purge step was added to sweep the dead volume prior to desorbing the bed and measuring purity. A technical and economic feasibility assessment was completed in Task 3. The proposed Velocys technology appears feasible for the methane upgrading market. Evaluated categories include adsorbent selection, rapid-cycle valve selection, microchannel manufacturability assessment, and system design and cost. The selected adsorbent, granular microporous carbon from either Barnaby-Sutcliffe or Calgon, experimentally demonstrated sufficient methane capacity under differential temperature at 100 pounds per square inch gauge. Several valve options were identified, including candidates that can operate millions of cycles between refurbishment. The microchannel adsorber and desorber designs were made using internal Velocys manufacturability standards, and the associated costs are acceptable as included with the complete nitrogen rejection unit (NRU) cost projection. A system design and cost estimate was completed for the NRU section of the methane upgrading system. As integrated into the complete system, the cost is in line with the market requirement.

Anna Lee Tonkovich

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Chemical kinetic modeling of high pressure propane oxidation and comparison to experimental results  

SciTech Connect

A pressure dependent kinetic mechanism for propane oxidation is developed and compared to experimental data from a high pressure flow reactor. The experiment conditions range from 10--15 atm, 650--800 K, and were performed at a residence time of 200 {micro}s for propane-air mixtures at an equivalence ratio of 0.4. The experimental results include data on negative temperature coefficient (NTC) behavior, where the chemistry describing this phenomena is considered critical in understanding automotive engine knock and cool flame oscillations. Results of the numerical model are compared to a spectrum of stable species profiles sampled from the flow reactor. Rate constants and product channels for the reaction of propyl radicals, hydroperoxy-propyl radicals and important isomers with O{sub 2} were estimated using thermodynamic properties, with multifrequency quantum Kassel Theory for k(E) coupled with modified strong collision analysis for fall-off. Results of the chemical kinetic model show an NTC region over nearly the same temperature regime as observed in the experiments. The model simulates properly the production of many of the major and minor species observed in the experiments. Numerical simulations show many of the key reactions involving propylperoxy radicals are in partial equilibrium at 10--15 atm. This indicates that their relative concentrations are controlled by a combination of thermochemistry and rate of minor reaction channels (bleed reactions) rather than primary reaction rates. This suggests that thermodynamic parameters of the oxygenated species, which govern equilibrium concentrations, are important. The modeling results show propyl radical and hydroperoxy-propyl radicals reaction with O{sub 2} proceeds, primarily, through thermalized adducts, not chemically activated channels.

Koert, D.N. [Wichita State Univ., KS (United States). Mechanical Engineering Dept.; Pitz, W.J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Bozzelli, J.W. [New Jersey Inst. of Tech., Newark, NJ (United States). Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Dept.; Cernansky, N.P. [Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics

1995-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

368

An analysis of US propane markets, winter 1996-1997  

SciTech Connect

In late summer 1996, in response to relatively low inventory levels and tight world oil markets, prices for crude oil, natural gas, and products derived from both began to increase rapidly ahead of the winter heating season. Various government and private sector forecasts indicated the potential for supply shortfalls and sharp price increases, especially in the event of unusually severe winter weather. Following a rapid runup in gasoline prices in the spring of 1996, public concerns were mounting about a possibly similar situation in heating fuels, with potentially more serious consequences. In response to these concerns, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) participated in numerous briefings and meetings with Executive Branch officials, Congressional committee members and staff, State Energy Offices, and consumers. EIA instituted a coordinated series of actions to closely monitor the situation and inform the public. This study constitutes one of those actions: an examination of propane supply, demand, and price developments and trends.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Conversion of ethane and of propane to higher olefin hydrocarbons. Quarterly report, July 1--September 30, 1992  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

It has become apparent during the past few months that results obtained in the oxidative coupling of methane cannot be extended to ethane and propane. Good selectivities and yields for the oxydehydrogenation to olefins can be obtained but production of higher hydrocarbons is small. The present report summarizes results of experiments using zeolite based catalysts and compares these with basic oxide catalysts. The oxydehydrogenation of ethane over zeolite based catalysts (H{sup {minus_plus}} Na{sup {plus_minus}}, Ni{sup 2{plus_minus}}, Pt{sup 2{plus_minus}}, Ga{sup 3{plus_minus}}, and [V]-ZSM-5) and oxide catalysts (Li/MgO, Ca-Ni-K) was studied in the temperature range 450--600{degree}C. Selectivity to olefins close to 80% was achieved at 550{degree}C. Basic (Na-ZSM-5) and neutral (V-ZSM-5) zeolite catalysts were shown to be more active and selective for the oxydehydrogenation of ethane than oxide catalysts.

Heinemann, H.; Somorjai, G.A.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Experimental and analytical studies of hydrocarbon yields under dry-, steam-, and steam with propane-distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent experimental and simulation studies -conducted at the Department of Petroleum Engineering at Texas A&M University - confirm oil production is accelerated when propane is used as an additive during steam injection. To better understand this phenomenon, distillation experiments were performed using seven-component synthetic oil consisting of equal weights of the following alkanes: n-C5, n-C6, n-C7, n-C8, n-C9, nC10, and n-C15. For comparison purposes, three distillation processes were investigated: dry-, steam-, and steam-propane-distillation, the latter at a propane:steam mass ratio of 0.05. The injection rate of nitrogen during dry-and steam-distillation was the same as that of propane during steam-propane distillation, 0.025 g/min, with steam injection rate kept at 0.5 g/min. The distillation temperatures ranged from 115°C to 300°C and were increased in steps of 10°C. The cell was kept at each temperature plateau (cut) for 30 minutes. Distillation pressures ranged from 0 psig for dry distillation to 998 psig for steam-and steam-propane distillation. The temperature-pressure combination used represented 15°C superheated steam conditions. Distillate samples were collected at each cut, and the volume and weight of water and hydrocarbon measured. In addition, the composition of the hydrocarbon distillate was measured using a gas chromatograph. Main results of the study may be summarized as follows. First, the hydrocarbon yield at 125°C is highest with steam-propane distillation (74 wt%) compared to steam distillation (58 wt%), and lowest with dry distillation (36 wt%). This explains in part the oil production acceleration observed in steam-propane displacement experiments. Second, the final hydrocarbon yield at 300°C however is the same for the three distillation processes. This observation is in line with the fact that oil recoveries were very similar in steam- and steam-propane displacement experiments. Third, based on the yields of individual hydrocarbon components, steam-propane distillation lowers the apparent boiling points of the hydrocarbons significantly. This phenomenon may be the most fundamental effect of propane on hydrocarbon distillation, which results in a higher yield during steam-propane distillation and oil production acceleration during steam-propane displacement. Fourth, experimental K-values are higher in distillations with steam-propane for the components n-hexane, n-heptane, n-octane, and n-nonane. Fifth, vapor fugacity coefficients for each component are higher in distillations with steam-propane than with steam. Finally, Gibbs excess energy is overall lower in distillations with steam-propane than with steam. The experimental results clearly indicate the importance of distillation on oil recovery during steam-or steam-propane injection. The experimental procedure and method of analysis developed in this study (for synthetic oil) will be beneficial to future researchers in understanding the effect of propane as steam additive on actual crude oils.

Ramirez Garnica, Marco Antonio

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

An Inducible Propane Monooxygenase Is Responsible for N-Nitrosodimethylamine Degradation by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rhodococci are common soil heterotrophs that possess diverse functional enzymatic activities with economic and ecological significance. In this study, the correlation between gene expression and biological removal of the water contaminant N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) is explored. NDMA is a hydrophilic, potent carcinogen that has gained recent notoriety due to its environmental persistence and emergence as a widespread micropollutant in the subsurface environment. In this study, we demonstrate that Rhodococcus sp. strain RHA1 can constitutively degrade NDMA and that activity toward this compound is enhanced by approximately 500-fold after growth on propane. Transcriptomic analysis of RHA1 and reverse transcriptase quantitative PCR assays demonstrate that growth on propane elicits the upregulation of gene clusters associated with (i) the oxidation of propane and (ii) the oxidation of substituted benzenes. Deletion mutagenesis of prmA, the gene encoding the large hydroxylase component of propane monooxygenase, abolished both growth on propane and removal of NDMA. These results demonstrate that propane monooxygenase is responsible for NDMA degradation by RHA1 and explain the enhanced cometabolic degradation of NDMA in the presence of propane. Recently recognized as a drinking water contaminant (19), N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) is now closely monitored by municipal water providers to minimize human exposure (3, 6,

Rhodococcus Sp. Strain Rha; Jonathan O. Sharp; Christopher M. Sales; Justin C. Leblanc; Jie Liu; Thomas K. Wood; Lindsay D. Eltis; William W. Mohn; Lisa Alvarez-cohen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Simulation of hydrogen and hydrogen-assisted propane ignition in Pt catalyzed microchannel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with self-ignition of catalytic microburners from ambient cold-start conditions. First, reaction kinetics for hydrogen combustion is validated with experimental results from the literature, followed by validation of a simplified pseudo-2D microburner model. The model is then used to study the self-ignition behavior of lean hydrogen/air mixtures in a Platinum-catalyzed microburner. Hydrogen combustion on Pt is a very fast reaction. During cold start ignition, hydrogen conversion reaches 100% within the first few seconds and the reactor dynamics are governed by the ''thermal inertia'' of the microburner wall structure. The self-ignition property of hydrogen can be used to provide the energy required for propane ignition. Two different modes of hydrogen-assisted propane ignition are considered: co-feed mode, where the microburner inlet consists of premixed hydrogen/propane/air mixtures; and sequential feed mode, where the inlet feed is switched from hydrogen/air to propane/air mixtures after the microburner reaches propane ignition temperature. We show that hydrogen-assisted ignition is equivalent to selectively preheating the inlet section of the microburner. The time to reach steady state is lower at higher equivalence ratio, lower wall thermal conductivity, and higher inlet velocity for both the ignition modes. The ignition times and propane emissions are compared. Although the sequential feed mode requires slightly higher amount of hydrogen, the propane emissions are at least an order of magnitude lower than the other ignition modes. (author)

Seshadri, Vikram; Kaisare, Niket S. [Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology - Madras, Chennai 600 036 (India)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

Methane Hydrate Field Studies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Studies Field Studies Methane Hydrate Field Studies Arctic/Alaska North Slope Field Studies Since 2001, DOE has conducted field trials of exploration and production technology in the Alaska North Slope. Although Alaska methane hydrate resources are smaller than marine deposits and currently lack outlets to commercial markets, Alaska provides an excellent laboratory to study E&P technology. The research also has implications for various Alaska resources, including potential gas hydrate resources for local communities, conventional "stranded" gas, as well as Alaska's large unconventional oil resources. The hydrate deposits have been delineated in the process of developing underlying oil fields, and drilling costs are much lower than offshore. DOE-BP Project

374

DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global Climate Cycle DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global Climate Cycle October 29, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- Increased understanding of methane's role in the global climate cycle and the potential of methane hydrate as a future energy resource could result from a recent joint research expedition off the coast of northeastern Alaska involving the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). Link to the project web siteThe Beaufort Sea expedition, which included research partners from the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory and Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, gathered a wealth of data to help understand "fluxes," or changes in the concentration of methane within and

375

DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global Climate Cycle DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global Climate Cycle October 29, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- Increased understanding of methane's role in the global climate cycle and the potential of methane hydrate as a future energy resource could result from a recent joint research expedition off the coast of northeastern Alaska involving the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). Link to the project web siteThe Beaufort Sea expedition, which included research partners from the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory and Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, gathered a wealth of data to help understand "fluxes," or changes in the concentration of methane within and

376

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects - Controls On Methane...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

On Methane Expulsion During Melting Of Natural Gas Hydrate Systems Last Reviewed 6242013 DE-FE0010406 Goal The project goal is to predict, given characteristic climate-induced...

377

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: IAQ-Tools  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

monoxide, ethane, formaldehyde, hydrogen sulfide, methane, nitrogen oxides, ozone, propane, radon, and sulfur dioxide. 3. Bioaerosols, including bacteria, fungi, and molds. 4....

378

Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes, June 6th...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes, June 6th-7th, 2013 Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes, June 6th-7th, 2013 Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee...

379

Methane Hydrate Research and Development Act of 2000 | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Research and Development Act of 2000 Methane Hydrate Research and Development Act of 2000 Methane Hydrate Research and Development Act of 2000 Methane Hydrate Research and...

380

Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes, January 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

January 2010 Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes, January 2010 Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes January, 2010 Atlanta, GA Methane Hydrate Advisory...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Department of Energy Advance Methane Hydrates Science and Technology...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advance Methane Hydrates Science and Technology Projects Department of Energy Advance Methane Hydrates Science and Technology Projects Descriptions for Energy Department Methane...

382

Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes, March 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

March 2010 Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes, March 2010 Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes March 2010 Washington, DC Methane Hydrate Advisory...

383

VEE-0060 - In the Matter of Blakeman Propane, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

60 - In the Matter of Blakeman Propane, Inc. 60 - In the Matter of Blakeman Propane, Inc. VEE-0060 - In the Matter of Blakeman Propane, Inc. On May 11, 1999, Blakeman Propane, Inc. (Blakeman) of Moorcroft, Wyoming, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its application, Blakeman requests that it be relieved of the requirement that it file the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) form entitled "Resellers'/Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report" (Form EIA-782B). As explained below, we have determined that the Application for Exception should be denied. vee0060.pdf More Documents & Publications TEE-0060 - In the Matter of 7 Oil Co., Inc. TEE-0068 - In the Matter of Bowlin Travel Centers, Inc. VEE-0080 - In the Matter of Potter Oil Co.

384

An Analysis of U.S. Propane Markets Winter 1996-97  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

SR/OOG/97-01 Distribution Category UC-950 An Analysis of U.S. Propane Markets Winter 1996-97 June 1997 Energy Information Administration Washington, DC 20585

385

Short-Term Energy Outlook Model Documentation: Regional Residential Propane Price Model  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The regional residential propane price module of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) model is designed to provide residential retail price forecasts for the 4 census regions: Northeast, South, Midwest, and West.

Information Center

2009-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

386

Simulation studies of steam-propane injection for the Hamaca heavy oil field.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Simulation studies were performed to evaluate a novel technology, steam-propane injection, for the heavy Hamaca crude oil. The oil has a gravity of 9.3?API and… (more)

Venturini, Gilberto Jose

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- W 73.5 See footnotes at end of table. A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present Energy Information Administration ...

388

Influence of support material on Ni catalysts for propane dry reforming to synthesis gas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ni/SiO2 and Ni/Mg(Al)O catalysts with difference metal loadings have been prepared. The activity, selectivity and stability of supported Ni catalysts for propane dry reforming to… (more)

Dai, Xin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Experimental studies of steam-propane injection to enhance recovery of an intermediate crude oil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the past few years, research has been conducted at Texas A&M University on steam-propane injection to enhance oil recovery from the Morichal field, Venezuela,… (more)

Tinss, Judicael Christopher

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Étude du dopage de catalyseurs de déshydrogénation oxydante de l'éthane et du propane.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Les réactions de déshydrogénation oxydante du propane et de l'éthane ont été étudiées respectivement sur des catalyseurs à base d'oxydes alcalino-terreux (OAT) dopés néodyme et… (more)

Savova, Bistra

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

ROLE OF CONSTITUENT ELEMENTS IN PROPANE OXIDATION OVER MIXED METAL OXIDES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Recently discovered multi-component Mo-V-Te-Nb-O catalysts contain so-called “M1” and “M2” phases with orthorhombic and hexagonal structures, respectively, proposed to be active and selective in propane… (more)

BHANDARI, RISHABH

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

NETL: Methane Hydrates - Hydrate Newsletter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methane Hydrate R&D Program Newsletter Methane Hydrate R&D Program Newsletter An image of a hydrate burning overlayed with the Newsletter Title: Fire in the Ice The methane hydrate newsletter, Fire in the Ice, is a bi-annual publication highlighting the latest developments in international gas hydrates R&D. Fire in the Ice promotes the exchange of information amoung those involved in gas hydrates research and development, and also recognizes the efforts of a hydrate researcher in each issue. The newsletter now reaches nearly 1300 scientists and other interested individuals in sixteen countries. To subscribe electronically to Fire in the Ice please send an email to karl.lang@contr.netl.doe.gov Please click on the links below to access issues of "Fire in the Ice". More on Methane Hydrates

393

Methane Credit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Methane Credit Methane Credit Jump to: navigation, search Name Methane Credit Place Charlotte, North Carolina Zip 28273 Product Specialises in utilising methane produced on municipal landfill sites. Coordinates 35.2225°, -80.837539° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.2225,"lon":-80.837539,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

394

LANDFILL OPERATION FOR CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND MAXIMUM METHANE EMISSION CONTROL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Controlled landfilling is an approach to manage solid waste landfills, so as to rapidly complete methane generation, while maximizing gas capture and minimizing the usual emissions of methane to the atmosphere. With controlled landfilling, methane generation is accelerated to more rapid and earlier completion to full potential by improving conditions (principally moisture, but also temperature) to optimize biological processes occurring within the landfill. Gas is contained through use of surface membrane cover. Gas is captured via porous layers, under the cover, operated at slight vacuum. A field demonstration project has been ongoing under NETL sponsorship for the past several years near Davis, CA. Results have been extremely encouraging. Two major benefits of the technology are reduction of landfill methane emissions to minuscule levels, and the recovery of greater amounts of landfill methane energy in much shorter times, more predictably, than with conventional landfill practice. With the large amount of US landfill methane generated, and greenhouse potency of methane, better landfill methane control can play a substantial role both in reduction of US greenhouse gas emissions and in US renewable energy. The work described in this report, to demonstrate and advance this technology, has used two demonstration-scale cells of size (8000 metric tons [tonnes]), sufficient to replicate many heat and compaction characteristics of larger ''full-scale'' landfills. An enhanced demonstration cell has received moisture supplementation to field capacity. This is the maximum moisture waste can hold while still limiting liquid drainage rate to minimal and safely manageable levels. The enhanced landfill module was compared to a parallel control landfill module receiving no moisture additions. Gas recovery has continued for a period of over 4 years. It is quite encouraging that the enhanced cell methane recovery has been close to 10-fold that experienced with conventional landfills. This is the highest methane recovery rate per unit waste, and thus progress toward stabilization, documented anywhere for such a large waste mass. This high recovery rate is attributed to moisture, and elevated temperature attained inexpensively during startup. Economic analyses performed under Phase I of this NETL contract indicate ''greenhouse cost effectiveness'' to be excellent. Other benefits include substantial waste volume loss (over 30%) which translates to extended landfill life. Other environmental benefits include rapidly improved quality and stabilization (lowered pollutant levels) in liquid leachate which drains from the waste.

Don Augenstein; Ramin Yazdani; Rick Moore; Michelle Byars; Jeff Kieffer; Professor Morton Barlaz; Rinav Mehta

2000-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

395

Upgrading Methane Using Ultra-Fast Thermal Swing Adsorption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this project is to design and demonstrate an approach to upgrade low-BTU methane streams from coal mines to pipeline-quality natural gas. The objective of Phase I of the project was to assess the technical feasibility and cost of upgrading low-BTU methane streams using ultra-fast thermal swing adsorption (TSA) using Velocys modular microchannel process technology. The objective of Phase II is to demonstrate the process at the bench scale. The project is on schedule and on budget. A technical and economic feasibility assessment was completed in Task 3. The proposed Velocys technology appears feasible for the methane upgrading market. Evaluated categories include adsorbent selection, rapid-cycle valve selection, microchannel manufacturability assessment, and system design and cost. The selected adsorbent, granular microporous carbon from either Barnaby-Sutcliffe or Calgon, experimentally demonstrated sufficient methane capacity under differential temperature at 100 pounds per square inch gauge. Several valve options were identified, including candidates that can operate millions of cycles between refurbishment. The microchannel adsorber and desorber designs were made using internal Velocys manufacturability standards, and the associated costs are acceptable as included with the complete nitrogen rejection unit (NRU) cost projection. A system design and cost estimate was completed for the NRU section of the methane upgrading system. As integrated into the complete system, the cost is in line with the market requirement. The system has six main unit operations: feed compressor, dehydration unit, nitrogen rejection unit, deoxygenator, carbon dioxide scrubber, and a sales compressor. The NRU is the focus of the development program, and a bench-scale demonstration will be initiated in the next fiscal year. The Velocys NRU system targets producing methane with greater than 96% purity and at least 90% recovery for final commercial operation. A preliminary cost analysis of the methane upgrading system, including the Velocys NRU, suggests that costs below $2.00 per million (MM) BTU methane may be achieved. The cost for a conventional methane upgrading system is well above $2.30 per MM BTU, as benchmarked in an Environmental Protection Agency study.

Anna Lee Tonkovich

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Propane extractor could allow small dealers to obtain product as in 'old days'  

SciTech Connect

A growing trend for small natural gas plant operators to install cryogenic demethanizers lets them recover ethane and heavier hydrocarbons as a single raw-make product for pipelining to a central location for fractionation, instead of producing LPG for local sales. The local LPG dealers must then transport LPG a substantial distance from the central fractionator. A possible solution to the dealers' supply problem is proposed: construct small portable processing units (computer-controlled for unattended operation) which would receive a portion of the raw-make liquid from a pipeline, extract propane as LPG, and return the balance of the stream to the pipeline, storing LPG for loading local transports. Not only would transportation costs be reduced, but local key operated loading facilities would be open at all hours of the day or night, seven days a week; the alternative would be long lines of transports waiting to load at central facilties during limited loading times. In Texas, residential LPG usage of about 40,000 bbl/day (10% of estimated raw liquid volumes) would require greater than 80 units of the new Propane Extraction Process. Diagrams are included.

Ainsworth, A.G.; McClanahan, D.N.

1977-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Period: Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 View History U.S. 18,743 18,390 19,892 19,620 21,874 20,798 1989-2008 Alabama 1,665 1,900 1,773 2,068 2,126 1,727 1989-2008 Alaska 0 0 2007-2008 Arkansas 31 31 2007-2008 California 0 0 2007-2008 Colorado 6,473 5,787 6,772 6,344 7,869 8,238 1989-2008 Florida 0 0 2007-2008 Kansas 340 301 2007-2008 Kentucky 0 0 2007-2008 Louisiana 7 9 2007-2008 North 7 9 2007-2008 South Onshore 0 0 2007-2008 South Offshore 0 0 2007-2008 Michigan 0 0 2007-2008 Mississippi 0 0 2007-2008 Montana 66 75 2007-2008 New Mexico 4,396 5,166 5,249 4,894 4,169 3,991 1989-2008

398

Characterization of Methane Degradation and Methane-Degrading Microbes in Alaska Coastal Water  

SciTech Connect

The net flux of methane from methane hydrates and other sources to the atmosphere depends on methane degradation as well as methane production and release from geological sources. The goal of this project was to examine methane-degrading archaea and organic carbon oxidizing bacteria in methane-rich and methane-poor sediments of the Beaufort Sea, Alaska. The Beaufort Sea system was sampled as part of a multi-disciplinary expedition (â??Methane in the Arctic Shelfâ? or MIDAS) in September 2009. Microbial communities were examined by quantitative PCR analyses of 16S rRNA genes and key methane degradation genes (pmoA and mcrA involved in aerobic and anaerobic methane degradation, respectively), tag pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA genes to determine the taxonomic make up of microbes in these sediments, and sequencing of all microbial genes (â??metagenomesâ?). The taxonomic and functional make-up of the microbial communities varied with methane concentrations, with some data suggesting higher abundances of potential methane-oxidizing archaea in methane-rich sediments. Sequence analysis of PCR amplicons revealed that most of the mcrA genes were from the ANME-2 group of methane oxidizers. According to metagenomic data, genes involved in methane degradation and other degradation pathways changed with sediment depth along with sulfate and methane concentrations. Most importantly, sulfate reduction genes decreased with depth while the anaerobic methane degradation gene (mcrA) increased along with methane concentrations. The number of potential methane degradation genes (mcrA) was low and inconsistent with other data indicating the large impact of methane on these sediments. The data can be reconciled if a small number of potential methane-oxidizing archaea mediates a large flux of carbon in these sediments. Our study is the first to report metagenomic data from sediments dominated by ANME-2 archaea and is one of the few to examine the entire microbial assemblage potentially involved in anaerobic methane oxidation.

David Kirchman

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

399

Remote Sensing and Sea-Truth Measurements of Methane Flux to the Atmosphere (HYFLUX project)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multi-disciplinary investigation of distribution and magnitude of methane fluxes from seafloor gas hydrate deposits in the Gulf of Mexico was conducted based on results obtained from satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) remote sensing and from sampling conducted during a research expedition to three sites where gas hydrate occurs (MC118, GC600, and GC185). Samples of sediments, water, and air were collected from the ship and from an ROV submersible using sediments cores, niskin bottles attached to the ROV and to a rosette, and an automated sea-air interface collector. The SAR images were used to quantify the magnitude and distribution of natural oil and gas seeps that produced perennial oil slicks on the ocean surface. A total of 176 SAR images were processed using a texture classifying neural network algorithm, which segmented the ocean surface into oil-free and oil-covered water. Geostatistical analysis indicates that there are a total of 1081 seep formations distributed over the entire Gulf of Mexico basin. Oil-covered water comprised an average of 780.0 sq. km (sd 86.03) distributed with an area of 147,370 sq. km. Persistent oil and gas seeps were also detected with SAR sampling on other ocean margins located in the Black Sea, western coast of Africa, and offshore Pakistan. Analysis of sediment cores from all three sites show profiles of sulfate, sulfide, calcium and alkalinity that indicated anaerobic oxidation of methane with precipitation of authigenic carbonates. Difference among the three sampling sites may reflect the relative magnitude of methane flux. Methane concentrations in water column samples collected by ROV and rosette deployments from MC118 ranged from {approx}33,000 nM at the seafloor to {approx}12 nM in the mixed layer with isolated peaks up to {approx}13,670 nM coincident with the top of the gas hydrate stability field. Average plume methane, ethane, and propane concentrations in the mixed layer are 7, 630, and 9,540 times saturation, respectively. Based on the contemporaneous wind speeds at this site, contemporary estimates of the diffusive fluxes from the mixed layer to the atmosphere for methane, ethane, and propane are 26.5, 2.10, and 2.78 {micro}mol/m{sup 2}d, respectively. Continuous measurements of air and sea surface concentrations of methane were made to obtain high spatial and temporal resolution of the diffusive net sea-to-air fluxes. The atmospheric methane fluctuated between 1.70 ppm and 2.40 ppm during the entire cruise except for high concentrations (up to 4.01 ppm) sampled during the end of the occupation of GC600 and the transit between GC600 and GC185. Results from interpolations within the survey areas show the daily methane fluxes to the atmosphere at the three sites range from 0.744 to 300 mol d-1. Considering that the majority of seeps in the GOM are deep (>500 m), elevated CH{sub 4} concentrations in near-surface waters resulting from bubble-mediated CH4 transport in the water column are expected to be widespread in the Gulf of Mexico.

Ian MacDonald

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

400

Experimental studies of steam-propane and enriched gas injection for the Minas light crude oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimental studies were carried out to compare the benefits of propane as an additive in steam injection and in lean gas injection to enhance production for the Minas light crude oil (34?API). The studies on steam-propane were specifically conducted to better understand production mechanisms involved in steam-propane injection and to investigate effects of expected field pressure and temperature conditions on steam-propane injection for the light Minas crude oil. The steam-propane experiments involved injecting steam or a mixture of steam and propane into a cell in which was tamped a mixture of sand, oil and water. The cell was placed inside a vacuum jacket set at a reservoir temperature of 200?F. Superheated steam at 490?F was injected at 4.5 ml/min (cold-water equivalent) while the cell outlet pressure was maintained at 450 psig. A total of four runs were successfully performed with two different propane:steam mass ratios, namely, 0:100 (pure steam) and 5:100 (steam-propane). Produced liquids were collected from the bottom of the cell and analyzed to determined oil and water volumes as well as oil density and viscosity after being treated to break the emulsion. The gas injection experiments involved injecting reconstituted Minas field production gas or Minas gas enriched with propane into a cell saturated with live Minas oil. The live oil was prepared in an oil-gas recombination apparatus, and closely replicated oil properties at current reservoir conditions (solution GOR of 134 SCF/STB, bubble-point pressure of 280 psig.) Minas gas was injected at 500 ml/min into the cell set at reservoir temperature of 200?F. A total of four runs were successfully performed with two different propane:gas mass ratios, namely, 0:100 (pure lean gas) and 5:100 (enriched gas). The main results of the study are as follows. First, with steam-propane injection, no improvement on production acceleration time, oil recovery or steam injectivity was observed compared with pure steam injection. Second, with enriched gas injection, oil recovery increased from 61% OOIP with lean gas injection up to 74% OOIP with enriched gas (5:100 propane:gas mass ratio). Analysis of produced oil gravity and viscosity indicate little change in values compared to that of the original oil. Of the processes investigated (pure steam, steam-propane, lean gas, and enriched gas injection), enriched gas injection appears to be technically the most feasible EOR method for Minas field. It is recommended therefore to conduct research on possible application of water-alternating-gas (WAG) injection with propane-enriched Minas gas to enhance production from the Minas field.

Yudishtira, Wan Dedi

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

NETL: Methane Hydrates - Global Assessment of Methane Gas Hydrates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Assessment of Methane Gas Hydrates Last Reviewed 12/18/2013 Global Assessment of Methane Gas Hydrates Last Reviewed 12/18/2013 DE-FE0003060 Goal The goal of this project is to develop a global assessment of methane gas hydrates that will facilitate informed decision-making regarding the potential development of gas hydrate resources between the scientific community and other stakeholders/decision makers. The Assessment will provide science-based information on the role of gas hydrates in natural climate change and the carbon cycle, their sensitivity to climate change, and the potential environmental and socio-economic impacts of hydrate production. Performers Stiftelsen GRID-Arendal, Arendal, Norway Funding Institutions United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Statoil Schlumberger United States Department of Energy (USDOE)

402

Effects of pressure, temperature, and hydrogen during graphene growth on SiC(0001) using propane-hydrogen chemical vapor deposition  

SciTech Connect

Graphene growth from a propane flow in a hydrogen environment (propane-hydrogen chemical vapor deposition (CVD)) on SiC differentiates from other growth methods in that it offers the possibility to obtain various graphene structures on the Si-face depending on growth conditions. The different structures include the (6{radical}3 Multiplication-Sign 6{radical}3)-R30 Degree-Sign reconstruction of the graphene/SiC interface, which is commonly observed on the Si-face, but also the rotational disorder which is generally observed on the C-face. In this work, growth mechanisms leading to the formation of the different structures are studied and discussed. For that purpose, we have grown graphene on SiC(0001) (Si-face) using propane-hydrogen CVD at various pressure and temperature and studied these samples extensively by means of low energy electron diffraction and atomic force microscopy. Pressure and temperature conditions leading to the formation of the different structures are identified and plotted in a pressure-temperature diagram. This diagram, together with other characterizations (X-ray photoemission and scanning tunneling microscopy), is the basis of further discussions on the carbon supply mechanisms and on the kinetics effects. The entire work underlines the important role of hydrogen during growth and its effects on the final graphene structure.

Michon, A.; Vezian, S.; Roudon, E.; Lefebvre, D.; Portail, M. [CNRS-CRHEA, Rue Bernard Gregory, 06560 Valbonne (France)] [CNRS-CRHEA, Rue Bernard Gregory, 06560 Valbonne (France); Zielinski, M.; Chassagne, T. [NOVASiC, Savoie Technolac, Arche Bat 4, BP267, 73375 Le Bourget du Lac (France)] [NOVASiC, Savoie Technolac, Arche Bat 4, BP267, 73375 Le Bourget du Lac (France)

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

403

Conversion of ethane and of propane to higher olefin hydrocarbons  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Purely thermal reactions for the conversion of ethane were carried out in an empty and in a quartz chip filled reactor over a temperature range of 300--800{degrees}C in the absence and presence of oxygen and oxygen plus water. Ethane alone shows no conversion below 600{degrees}C and some conversion to CH{sub 4} and very little C{sub 2}H{sub 4} at 700{degrees} and 800{degrees}C. Ethane and oxygen produce CO{sub 2} as the major product above 400{degrees}C. The additional presence of water does not appreciably change this picture. Converting ethane with oxygen and water over a Ca{sub 3}Ni{sub 1}K{sub 0.1} catalyst at very low space velocity gave increasing conversion with temperature, primarily CO{sub 2} production and a small amount of C{sub 3+} hydrocarbons. The CO{sub 2} production was decreased and slightly more C{sub 3} hydrocarbons were produced when the potassium concentration of the catalyst was increased. Activation energies have been calculated for the various ethane conversion reactions. It appears that the CaNiK oxide catalyst is not suited for oxidative ethane coupling at the conditions thus far investigated. The indications are that much shorter contact times are required to prevent oxidation of intermediates. Blank runs with propane and oxygen in the absence of a catalyst have shown significant reaction at temperatures as low as 400{degrees}C. 12 figs., 3 tabs.

Heinemann, H.; Somorjai, G.A.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Investigation of the principle of flame rectification in order to improve detection of the propane flame in absorption refrigerators.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Electrical properties of a propane flame was investigated to improve detection of the flame in absorption refrigerators. The principle of flame rectification, which uses… (more)

Möllberg, Andreas

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Assessing the Efficacy of the Aerobic Methanotropic Biofilter in Methane Hydrate Environments Last Reviewed 1/8/2013 Assessing the Efficacy of the Aerobic Methanotropic Biofilter in Methane Hydrate Environments Last Reviewed 1/8/2013 DE-NT0005667 Goal The goal of this project is to assess the efficacy of aerobic methanotrophy in preventing the escape of methane from marine, hydrate-bearing reservoirs to the atmosphere and ultimately to better define the role of aerobic methanotrophy in the global carbon cycle. Graph overlayed on photo - Methane seeps with the resulting methane plume Methane seeps with the resulting methane plume, Geophysical Research Letters, November 2007 Performers University of California – Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara (UCSB), CA 93106 Background The global methane reservoir in the form of gas hydrate is estimated at 500–10,000 Gt (KVENVOLDEN, 1995; MILKOV, 2004). This pool of carbon

406

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

as described by Dillon, et al. (1998). Failure would be accompanied by the release of methane gas, but a portion of the methane is likely to be oxidized unless the gas release is...

407

Miscellaneous States Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves (Billion...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Miscellaneous States Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

408

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methane Degradation and Methane-Degrading Microbes in Alaska Coastal Waters Last Reviewed 5152012 DE-NT0005666 Goal The goal of this project is gain a better understanding of...

409

NETL: News Release - Methane Hydrate Production Technologies...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of CO2 molecules for methane molecules in the solid-water hydrate lattice, the release of methane gas, and the permanent storage of CO2 in the formation. This field experiment will...

410

Modeling of the formation of short-chain acids in propane flames  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to better understand their potential formation in combustion systems, a detailed kinetic mechanism for the formation of short-chain monocarboxylic acids, formic (HCOOH), acetic (CH3COOH), propionic (C2H5COOH) and propenic (C2H3COOH)) acids, has been developed. Simulations of lean (equivalence ratios from 0.9 to 0.48) laminar premixed flames of propane stabilized at atmospheric pressure with nitrogen as diluent have been performed. It was found that amounts up to 25 ppm of acetic acid, 15 ppm of formic acid and 1 ppm of C3 acid can be formed for some positions in the flames. Simulations showed that the more abundant C3 acid formed is propenic acid. A quite acceptable agreement has been obtained with the scarce results from the literature concerning oxygenated compounds, including aldehydes (CH2O, CH3CHO) and acids. A reaction pathways analysis demonstrated that each acid is mainly derived from the aldehyde of similar structure.

Battin-Leclerc, Frédérique; Jaffrezo, J L; Legrand, M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

coalbed methane | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

coalbed methane coalbed methane Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each TMY is a data set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. The container file contains one TMY file for each selected station in the region, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations Source NREL Date Released April 30th, 2005 (9 years ago) Date Updated November 07th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords coalbed methane GEF Kenya NREL SWERA TMY UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Data (zip, 5.4 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

412

Selective methane oxidation over promoted oxide catalysts  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Objective was to selectively oxidize methane to C{sub 2} hydrocarbons and to oxygenates, in particular formaldehyde and methanol, in high space time yields under relatively mild reaction conditions. Results in this document are reported under the headings: methane oxidation over silica, methane oxidation over Sr/La{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalysts, and oxidative coupling of methane over sulfate-doped Sr/La{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalysts. 24 refs, 10 figs, 4 tabs.

Klier, K.; Herman, R.G.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

413

Method for the photocatalytic conversion of methane  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for converting methane to methanol is provided comprising subjecting the methane to visible light in the presence of a catalyst and an electron transfer agent. Another embodiment of the invention provides for a method for reacting methane and water to produce methanol and hydrogen comprising preparing a fluid containing methane, an electron transfer agent and a photolysis catalyst, and subjecting said fluid to visible light for an effective period of time.

Noceti, Richard P. (Pittsburgh, PA); Taylor, Charles E. (Pittsburgh, PA); D' Este, Joseph R. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Method for the photocatalytic conversion of methane  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for converting methane to methanol is provided comprising subjecting the methane to visible light in the presence of a catalyst and an electron transfer agent. Another embodiment of the invention provides for a method for reacting methane and water to produce methanol and hydrogen comprising preparing a fluid containing methane, an electron transfer agent and a photolysis catalyst, and subjecting said fluid to visible light for an effective period of time. 3 figs.

Noceti, R.P.; Taylor, C.E.; D`Este, J.R.

1998-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

415

QUEST FOR NEW MATERIALS FOR METHANE STORAGE ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quest for New Materials for Methane Storage: Gas Adsorption and Neutron Diffraction Measurements. Yang Peng, 1,2 Vaiva ...

416

EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Methane Emissions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Residential wood consumption accounted for just over 45 percent of U.S. methane emissions from stationary combustion in 2009.

417

NIST: Methane Symmetry Operations - Nuclear spin functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methane Symmetry Operations. 9. Symmetry Properties of Laboratory-Fixed Nuclear Spin Functions, Nuclear Spin Statistics, and Parities. ...

418

Safety at coal mines: what role does methane play?  

SciTech Connect

The recent Sago Mine disaster in West Virginia and other widely publicized coal mine accidents around the world have received a great deal of attention and have generated some confusion about the link between methane drainage and safety. In response, this article provides an overview of safety concerns faced by coal mines and how they do or do not relate to methane. The first section explains the variety of safety issues a coal mine must take into consideration, including methane build-up. The second section summarizes the recent coal mines accident at Sago Mine in West Virginia. The final section describes the regulatory and legislative responses in the US. 2 refs., 2 figs.

NONE

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Direct conversion of methane to C sub 2 's and liquid fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Research on promoted metal oxide catalysts has continued with the study of alkaline earth/metal oxide halide catalysts. A barium bromide/alumina catalyst was comparable in methane conversion and selectivity to C{sub 2}'s to barium chloride/alumina catalysts. The effects of varying methane to oxygen feed ratios were explored for one of the best alkaline earth catalysts and one of the best literature catalysts (Li/MgO). A significant decrease in the selectivity to C{sub 2}'s is observed upon addition of ethane to the feed gas (feed gas methane/ethane ratio of 3). This observation demonstrates that a significant amount of ethane should not be recycled during methane oxidation over these types of catalysts under process conditions used. Methane oxidation over barium carbonate alone results in high enough selectivities and methane conversions to suggest an oxidized barium species may be responsible for methane oxidation on barium/metal oxide catalysts. Methane coupling studies have continued using layered perovskite catalysts in the cofeed mode and double perovskite catalysts in the sequential mode. Addition of sodium to the double perovskite LaCaMnCoO{sub 6} resulted in a catalyst with improved selectivity over the one without sodium. A reactor system containing two reactors in under construction. These reactors will be used to study different feed diluents, including steam. One reactor will be used to study the effects of pressure on the reaction. Process economics were explored for a hypothetical methane coupling scheme employing a feed mixture of 7/2/1 nitrogen/methane/oxygen. Economic evaluations of the first two of a series of cases based on extrapolations of Union Carbide methane coupling results have been completed. 33 refs., 17 figs., 2 tabs.

Warren, B.K.; Campbell, K.D.; Matherne, J.L.

1990-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

420

State Heating Oil & Propane Program. Final report 1997/98 heating season  

SciTech Connect

The following is a summary report of the New Hampshire Governor`s Office of Energy and Community Services (ECS) participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) for the 1997/98 heating season. SHOPP is a cooperative effort, linking energy offices in East Coast and Midwest states, with the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA) for the purpose of collecting retail price data for heating oil and propane. The program is funded by the participating state with a matching grant from DOE. SHOPP was initiated in response to congressional inquires into supply difficulties and price spikes of heating oil and propane associated with the winter of 1989/90. This is important to New Hampshire because heating oil controls over 55% of the residential heating market statewide. Propane controls 10% of the heating market statewide and is widely used for water heating and cooking in areas of the state where natural gas is not available. Lower installation cost, convenience, lower operating costs compared to electricity, and its perception as a clean heating fuel have all worked to increase the popularity of propane in New Hampshire and should continue to do so in the future. Any disruption in supply of these heating fuels to New Hampshire could cause prices to skyrocket and leave many residents in the cold.

Hunton, G.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

No. 2 heating oil/propane program 1994--1995. Final report  

SciTech Connect

During the 1994--95 heating season, the Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources (DOER) participated in a joint data collection program between several state energy offices and the federal Department of Energy`s (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA). The purpose of the program was to collect and monitor retail and wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories from October 1994 through March 1995. This program augmented the existing Massachusetts data collection system and served several important functions. The information helped the federal and state governments respond to consumer, congressional and media inquiries regarding No. 2 oil and propane. The information also provided policy decision-makers with timely, accurate and consistent data to monitor current heating oil and propane markets and develop appropriate state responses when necessary. In addition, the communication network between states and the DOE was strengthened through this program. This final report begins with an overview of the unique events that had an impact on the petroleum markets prior to and during the reporting period. Next, the report summarizes the results from residential heating oil and propane price surveys conducted by DOER over the 1994--95 heating season. The report also incorporates the wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories collected by EIA and distributed to the states. Finally, the report outlines DOER`s use of the data.

McBrien, J.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Methane Emissions from Rice Fields - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

Methane (Ch4) is a greenhouse gas regarded second only to carbon dioxide in its ability to cause global warming. Methane is important because of its relatively fast increase, and also because it is, per molecule, some 60 times more effective than carbon dioxide in causing global warming. The largest present anthropogenic sources of methane are rice fields, cattle and biomass burning.

Khalil, M. Aslam; Rasmussen,Reinhold A.

2002-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

423

Biogeochemistry of Microbial Coal-Bed Methane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biogeochemistry of Microbial Coal-Bed Methane Dariusz Strapo´c,1, Maria Mastalerz,2 Katherine, biodegradation Abstract Microbial methane accumulations have been discovered in multiple coal- bearing basins low-maturity coals with predominantly microbial methane gas or uplifted coals containing older

Macalady, Jenn

424

Fundamental studies of the mechanism of catalytic reactions with catalysts effective in the gasification of carbon solids and the oxidative coupling of methane. Quarterly report, October 1, 1994--December 31, 1994  

SciTech Connect

This report describes research on the oxidative coupling of methane and catalysts involved in coal gasification. Topics include methane pyrolysis and catalysts, and magnetic properties of the coal gasification catalyst Ca-Ni-K-O system.

Iglesia, E.; Perry, D.L.; Heinemann, H.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Propane Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations (Brochure), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Propane Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations This document lists codes and standards typically used for U.S. propane vehicle and infrastructure projects. To determine which codes and standards apply to a specific project, identify the codes and standards currently in effect within the jurisdiction where the project will be located. Some jurisdictions also have unique ordinances or regulations that could apply. Learn about codes and standards basics at www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/codes_standards_basics.html. Find propane vehicle and infrastructure codes and standards in these categories:

426

No. 2 heating oil/propane program. Final report, 1990/91  

SciTech Connect

During the 1990/91 heating season, the Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources (DOER) participated in a joint data collection program between several state energy offices and the federal Department of Energy`s (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA). The purpose of the program was to collect and monitor retail and wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories from October 1990 through March 1991. This final report begins with an overview of the unique events which had an impact on the reporting period. Next, the report summarizes the results from the residential heating oil and propane price surveys conducted by DOER over the 1990/91 heating season. The report also incorporates the wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories collected by the EIA and distributed to the states.

McBrien, J.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Number 2 heating oil/propane program. Final report, 1991/92  

SciTech Connect

During the 1991--92 heating season, the Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources (DOER) participated in a joint data collection program between several state energy offices and the federal Department of Energy`s (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA). The purpose of the program was to collect and monitor retail and wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories from October, 1991 through March, 1992. This final report begins with an overview of the unique events which had an impact on the reporting period. Next, the report summarizes the results from the residential heating oil and propane price surveys conducted by DOER over the 1991--1992 heating season. The report also incorporates the wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories collected by the EIA and distributed to the states. Finally, the report outlines DOER`s use of the data and responses to the events which unfolded during the 1991--1992 heating season.

McBrien, J.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

An Analysis of U.S. Propane Markets Winter 1996-97  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

OOG/97-01 OOG/97-01 Distribution Category UC-950 An Analysis of U.S. Propane Markets Winter 1996-97 June 1997 Energy Information Administration Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or of any other organization. Contacts and Acknowledgments This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) under the direction of Dr. John Cook, Director, Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, (202) 586-5214, jcook@eia.doe.gov. Questions for this report can be directed to: Propane Supply and Demand David Hinton (202) 586-2990, dhinton@eia.doe.gov Propane Markets

429

Methane generation from waste materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An organic solid waste digester for producing methane from solid waste, the digester comprising a reactor vessel for holding solid waste, a sprinkler system for distributing water, bacteria, and nutrients over and through the solid waste, and a drainage system for capturing leachate that is then recirculated through the sprinkler system.

Samani, Zohrab A. (Las Cruces, NM); Hanson, Adrian T. (Las Cruces, NM); Macias-Corral, Maritza (Las Cruces, NM)

2010-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

430

Computational heterogeneous catalysis applied to steam methane reforming over nickel and nickel/silver catalysts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The steam methane reforming (SMR) reaction is the primary industrial means for producing hydrogen gas. As such, it is a critical support process for applications including petrochemical processing and ammonia synthesis. ...

Blaylock, Donnie Wayne

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery - Masking the Environmental Consequences of Industrial Concentrated Livestock Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery-Masking theII. METHANE DIGESTERS AND BIOGAs RECOVERY- IN THE2011] METHANE DIGESTERS AND BIOGAS RECOVERY methane, and 64%

Di Camillo, Nicole G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Propane ammoxidation over the Mo-V-Te-Nb-O M1 phase: Reactivity of surface cations in hydrogen abstraction steps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Density functional theory calculations (GGA-PBE) have been performed to investigate the adsorption of C3 (propane, isopropyl, propene, and allyl) and H species on the proposed active center present in the surface ab planes of the bulk Mo-V-Te-Nb-O M1 phase in order to better understand the roles of the different surface cations in propane ammoxidation. Modified cluster models were employed to isolate the closely spaced V=O and Te=O from each other and to vary the oxidation state of the V cation. While propane and propene adsorb with nearly zero adsorption energy, the isopropyl and allyl radicals bind strongly to V=O and Te=O with adsorption energies, {Delta}E, being {le} -1.75 eV, but appreciably more weakly on other sites, such as Mo=O, bridging oxygen (Mo-O-V and Mo-O-Mo), and empty metal apical sites ({Delta}E > -1 eV). Atomic H binds more strongly to Te = O ({Delta}E {le} -3 eV) than to all the other sites, including V = O ({Delta}E = -2.59 eV). The reduction of surface oxo groups by dissociated H and their removal as water are thermodynamically favorable except when both H atoms are bonded to the same Te=O. Consistent with the strong binding of H, Te=O is markedly more active at abstracting the methylene H from propane (E{sub a} {le} 1.01 eV) than V = O (E{sub a} = 1.70 eV on V{sup 5+} = O and 2.13 eV on V{sup 4+} = O). The higher-than-observed activity and the loose binding of Te = O moieties to the mixed metal oxide lattice of M1 raise the question of whether active Te = O groups are in fact present in the surface ab planes of the M1 phase under propane ammoxidation conditions.

Muthukumar, Kaliappan [University of Cincinnati; Yu, Junjun [University of Cincinnati; Xu, Ye [ORNL; Guliants, Vadim V. [University of Cincinnati

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Methane Hydrate Production Feasibility | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Production Feasibility Production Feasibility Methane Hydrate Production Feasibility The red curves are temperature profiles for various water depths; the blue line shows methane hydrate stability relative to temperature and pressure. The area enclosed by the two curves represents the area of methane hydrate stability. The red curves are temperature profiles for various water depths; the blue line shows methane hydrate stability relative to temperature and pressure. The area enclosed by the two curves represents the area of methane hydrate stability. Methane, the predominant component of natural gas, forms hydrate in the presence of water, low temperatures and high pressures. Alternatively, when the temperature is increased or the pressure decreased so that hydrates are outside their stability field, they dissociate into methane and water.

434

Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Methane Hydrate Advisory Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee The Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee was created in response to provisions of the Methane Hydrate Research and Development Act of 2000 and reauthorized by the Energy Policy Act of 2005. The Committee is to advise the Secretary of Energy on potential applications of methane hydrate; assist in developing recommendations and priorities for the methane hydrate research and development program; and submit to Congress one or more reports on an assessment of the research program and an assessment of the DOE 5-year research plan. The Committee's charter stipulates that up to 15 members can be appointed by the Secretary of Energy, representing institutions of higher education, industrial enterprises and oceanographic institutions and state agencies.

435

Knoxville Area Transit: Propane Hybrid ElectricTrolleys; Advanced Technology Vehicles in Service, Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (Fact Sheet)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

website and in print publications. website and in print publications. TESTING ADVANCED VEHICLES KNOXVILLE AREA TRANSIT ◆ PROPANE HYBRID ELECTRIC TROLLEYS Knoxville Area Transit PROPANE HYBRID ELECTRIC TROLLEYS NREL/PIX 13795 KNOXVILLE AREA TRANSIT (KAT) is recognized nationally for its exceptional service to the City of Knoxville, Tennessee. KAT received the American Public Transportation Associa- tion's prestigious Outstanding Achievement Award in 2004.

436

J. Am. Chem. SOC.1988, 110, 8305-8319 8305 Hydrogenolysis of Ethane, Propane, n-Butane, and Neopentane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. Am. Chem. SOC.1988, 110, 8305-8319 8305 Hydrogenolysis of Ethane, Propane, n-Butane, Pasadena, California 91125. Received February I, 1988 Abstract: The hydrogenolysisof ethane, propane, n-butane in "demethylization"of the parent hydrocarbon. For n-butane, the major reaction channels on the two surfaces are n-C4

Goodman, Wayne

437

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas Hydrate Research in Deep Sea Sediments - New Zealand Task Gas Hydrate Research in Deep Sea Sediments - New Zealand Task DE-AI26-06NT42878 Goal The objective of this research is to determine the extent and dynamics of gas hydrate deposits and their relation to areas of focused fluid flux at and beneath the seafloor. Specific objectives include: a). Refine geophysical, geochemical and microbiological technologies for prospecting hydrate distribution and content; b). Contribute to establishing high-priority geographical regions of prospective interest, in terms of methane volume estimates; c). Prediction of environmental effects and geologic risks at the continental margin associated to the natural resource occurrence and resource exploitation; and d). Expand understanding of the biogeochemical parameters and associated microbial community diversity in shallow sediments that influence the porewater sulfate gradient observed through anaerobic oxidation of methane. To accomplish these objectives, the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) collaborated with New Zealand’s Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences (GNS) in a research cruise off the coast of New Zealand. NRL has conducted similar research cruises off the west coast and east coast of the United States, in the Gulf of Mexico and off the coast of Chile.

438

Turbulent burning rates of methane and methane-hydrogen mixtures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methane and methane-hydrogen (10%, 20% and 50% hydrogen by volume) mixtures have been ignited in a fan stirred bomb in turbulence and filmed using high speed cine schlieren imaging. Measurements were performed at 0.1 MPa (absolute) and 360 K. A turbulent burning velocity was determined for a range of turbulence velocities and equivalence ratios. Experimental laminar burning velocities and Markstein numbers were also derived. For all fuels the turbulent burning velocity increased with turbulence velocity. The addition of hydrogen generally resulted in increased turbulent and laminar burning velocity and decreased Markstein number. Those flames that were less sensitive to stretch (lower Markstein number) burned faster under turbulent conditions, especially as the turbulence levels were increased, compared to stretch-sensitive (high Markstein number) flames. (author)

Fairweather, M. [School of Process, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Ormsby, M.P.; Sheppard, C.G.W. [School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Woolley, R. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 3JD (United Kingdom)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

Performance and emissions of a catalytic reactor with propane, diesel, and Jet A fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As part of the ERDA-funded Gas Turbine Highway Vehicle Systems project, tests were made to determine the performance and emissions of a catalytic reactor operated with propane, No. 2 diesel, and Jet A fuels. A 12-cm diameter and 16-cm long catalytic reactor using a proprietary noble metal catalyst was operated at an inlet temperature of 800 K, a pressure of 3 x 10/sup 5/ Pa and reference velocities of 10 to 15 m/s. No significant differences between the performance of the three fuels were observed when 98.5% purity propane was used. The combustion efficiency for 99.8% purity propane tested later was significantly lower, however. The diesel fuel contained 135 ppM of bound nitrogen and consequently produced the highest NO/sub x/ emissions of the three fuels. As much as 85% of the bound nitrogen was converted to NO/sub x/. Steady-state emissions goals based on half the most stringent proposed automotive standards were met when the reactor was operated at an adiabatic combustion temperature higher than 1350 K with all fuels except the 99.8% purity propane. With that fuel, a minimum temperature of 1480 K was required.

Anderson, D.N.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Table C6. Wholesale Propane Prices by Region and State (Cents ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wholesale Propane Prices by Region and State (Cents per Gallon) P=Preliminary data. ... New York 67.5 68.3 67.2 72.0 74.4 86.0 89.2 82.8 86.6 131.8 94.3 80.2

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

State heating oil and propane program: 1995-96 heating season. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This is a summary report of the New Hampshire Governor`s Office of Energy and Community Services (ECS) participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) for the 1995/96 heating season. SHOPP is a cooperative effort, linking energy offices in East Coast and Midwest states, with the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA) for the purpose of collecting retail price data for heating oil and propane. The program funded by the participating state with a matching grant from DOE. EIA provides ECS with a list of oil and propane retailers that serve customers in New Hampshire. In turn ECS conduct phone surveys twice per month from October through March to determine the average retail price for each fuel. Data collected by ECS is entered into the Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) and transmitted via modem to EIA. The results of the state retail price surveys along with wholesale prices, supply, production and stock levels for oil, and propane are published by EIA in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report. Data is also published electronically via the internet or through the Electronic Publication System.

NONE

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

442

Analysis of U.S. Propane Markets Winter 1996-97, An  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This study constitutes an examination of propane supply, demand, and price developments and trends. EIA's approach focused on identifying the underlying reasons for the tight supply/demand balance in the fall of 1996, and on examining the potential for a recurrence of these events next year.

Information Center

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Partial oxidation of propane on ceria-and alumina-supported platinum catalysts.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Three Pt/CeO2 catalysts and Pt/Al2O3 catalyst were studied for partial oxidation of propane. The 1 % Pt/CeO2 (C) catalyst which was prepared using CeO2 prepared… (more)

Bansode, Vijaya Anil.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Syngas Production from Propane using Atmospheric Non-Thermal Plasma F. Ouni, A. Khacef*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Syngas Production from Propane using Atmospheric Non-Thermal Plasma F. Ouni, A. Khacef* and J. M applications (1, 2) . Synthesis gas or syngas (mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide) are used as a major. The conventional reformers allowing syngas production are based on steam reforming of hydrocarbons (3) following

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

445

Further experimental studies of steam-propane injection to enhance recovery of Morichal oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1998-1999, experimental research was conducted by Goite at Texas A&M University into steam-propane injection to enhance oil recovery from the Morichal field, Venezuela. Goite's results showed that, compared with steam injection alone, steam-propane injection accelerated oil production by as much as 23 % pore volume of steam injected (cold-water equivalent). The apparatus and procedure used in this study have been improved. Steam injection rate was kept constant at 5 cc/min (cold-water equivalent) for all runs. Four thermocouples were placed along the longitudinal axis of the cell to measure temperature profiles during injection. A new, more efficient method was developed to break emulsion in the produced sample. For four of the eight runs, consistent operating conditions were obtained by use of superheated steam, cell pressure of 50 psig, and identical insulation. Eight experimental runs were made in which the propane:steam mass ratios used were 0:100 (steam only), 1:100, 2.5:100, and 5:100. A run using 5:100 nitrogen: steam mass ratio was also made. The main findings of this research (derived from four runs with consistent operating conditions) are as follows. First, the propane:steam mass ratio of 5:100 accelerated the start and peak of oil production by 20 % and 13 % pore volume steam injected (cold-water equivalent), compared to steam injection alone. Second, oil recoveries for practical purposes are similar in all cases, 63 % - 70 % OOIP if average high and low values are taken. Third, the start of production is practically the same for 0:100 and 1:100 propane:steam ratio and for 5:100 nitrogen: steam ratio. In the latter case, the production peak is higher due to additional drive from nitrogen injection. Fourth, oil production acceleration in the 5:100 propane:steam case is probably caused by dry distillation in which light fractions of the oil partition into and are carried by the injected propane to lower the viscosity of the oil ahead of the steam front. Last, convective heat transfer at any of these low (5:100) ratios appears to be of secondary importance.

Ferguson,Mark Anthony

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Sorghums for methane production. Annual report, April 1983-March 1984  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this research is to develop an integrated system for methane production utilizing high-energy sorghum as the feedstock. Because of its wide geographic adaptability, its high gas-production potential, and the fact that it is already cultivated on over 15 million acres annually in the U.S., sorghum represents a significant potential energy resource that can be converted to methane by anaerobic digestion. This report provides specifics of research activities in the sorghums-for-methane program sponsored by Gas Research Institute and cofunded by Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. Researchers in the program include plant breeders, sorghum physiologists, agronomists, agricultural and systems engineers, and agricultural economists. Major research emphases are genetic manipulation, physiology and production systems, harvesting, storage, processing, and conversion systems; and economic and systems analyses. First-year results indicate that: (1) the proposed sorghum-methane system is in the realm of economic feasibility, and (2) research emphases in storage and high-efficiency conversion are critical to the economic implementation of the system. An innovative approach to combine the storage and conversion processes in a two-stage system is being investigated. Increased research emphasis is being placed on storage and conversion aspects of the system.

Hiler, E.A.; Miller, F.R.; Monk, R.L.; McBee, G.G.; Creelman, R.A.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Characterization and Decomposition Kinetic Studies of Methane Hydrate in Host Sediments under Subsurface Mimic Conditions Last Reviewed 02/17/2010 Characterization and Decomposition Kinetic Studies of Methane Hydrate in Host Sediments under Subsurface Mimic Conditions Last Reviewed 02/17/2010 EST-380-NEDA Goal The purpose of this study is to establish sediment lithology and quantification of methane in hydrates hosted in fine-grained sediments from the Gulf of Mexico (GoM), a marine site of methane hydrate occurrence. The results will help establish a correlation between laboratory data and hydrate accumulation field data on dispersed hydrates in the natural environment. Performer Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, New York 11973 Background Gas hydrates are located in permafrost and marine environments and show potential as a vast methane source worldwide. However, methane is about 17 times more potent a greenhouse gas than CO2 and the inherent instability of

448

Novel Pt/Mg(In)(Al)O catalysts for ethane and propane dehydrogenation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Catalysts for the dehydrogenation of light alkanes were prepared by dispersing Pt on the surface of a calcined hydrotalcite-like support containing indium, Mg(In)(Al)O. Upon reduction in H{sub 2} at temperatures above 673 K, bimetallic particles of PtIn are observed by TEM, which have an average diameter of 1 nm. Analysis of Pt LIII-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) data shows that the In content of the bimetallic particles increases with increasing bulk In/Pt ratio and reduction temperature. Pt LIII-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) indicates that an increasing donation of electronic charge from In to Pt occurs with increasing In content in the PtIn particles. The activity and selectivity of the Pt/Mg(In)(Al)O catalysts for ethane and propane dehydrogenation reactions are strongly dependent on the bulk In/Pt ratio. For both reactants, maximum activity was achieved for a bulk In/Pt ratio of 0.48, and at this In/Pt ratio, the selectivity to alkene was nearly 100%. Coke deposition was observed after catalyst use for either ethane or propane dehydrogenation, and it was observed that the alloying of Pt with In greatly reduced the amount of coke deposited. Characterization of the deposit by Raman spectroscopy indicates that the coke is present as highly disordered graphite particles propane dehydrogenation are comparable, the effects on activity are dependent on reactant composition. Coke deposition had no effect on ethane dehydrogenation activity, but caused a loss in propane dehydrogenation activity. This difference is attributed to the greater ease with which coke produced on the surface of PtIn nanoparticles migrates to the support during ethane dehydrogenation versus propane dehydrogenation.

Sun, Pingping; Siddiqi, Georges; Vining, William C.; Chi, Miaofang; Bell, Alexis T. (UCB); (ORNL)

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

449

Methane Hydrates R&D Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methane Hydrates R&D Program Methane Hydrates R&D Program Gas hydrates are a naturally-occurring combination of methane gas and water that form under specific conditions of low temperature and high pressure. Once thought to be rare in nature, gas hydrates are now known to occur in great abundance in association with arctic permafrost and in the shallow sediments of the deep-water continental shelves. The most recent estimates of gas hydrate abundance suggest that they contain

450

Reducing Open Cell Landfill Methane Emissions with a Bioactive Alternative Daily  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methane and carbon dioxide are formed in landfills as wastes degrade. Molecule-for-molecule, methane is about 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide at trapping heat in the earth's atmosphere, and thus, it is the methane emissions from landfills that are scrutinized. For example, if emissions composed of 60% methane and 40% carbon dioxide were changed to a mix that was 40% methane and 60% carbon dioxide, a 30% reduction in the landfill's global warming potential would result. A 10% methane, 90% carbon dioxide ratio will result in a 75% reduction in global warming potential compared to the baseline. Gas collection from a closed landfill can reduce emissions, and it is sometimes combined with a biocover, an engineered system where methane oxidizing bacteria living in a medium such as compost, convert landfill methane to carbon dioxide and water. Although methane oxidizing bacteria merely convert one greenhouse gas (methane) to another (carbon dioxide), this conversion can offer significant reductions in the overall greenhouse gas contribution, or global warming potential, associated with the landfill. What has not been addressed to date is the fact that methane can also escape from a landfill when the active cell is being filled with waste. Federal regulations require that newly deposited solid waste to be covered daily with a 6 in layer of soil or an alternative daily cover (ADC), such as a canvas tarp. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of immobilizing methane oxidizing bacteria into a tarp-like matrix that could be used for alternative daily cover at open landfill cells to prevent methane emissions. A unique method of isolating methanotrophs from landfill cover soil was used to create a liquid culture of mixed methanotrophs. A variety of prospective immobilization techniques were used to affix the bacteria in a tarp-like matrix. Both gel encapsulation of methanotrophs and gels with liquid cores containing methanotrophs were readily made but prone to rapid desiccation. Bacterial adsorption onto foam padding, natural sponge, and geotextile was successful. The most important factor for success appeared to be water holding capacity. Prototype biotarps made with geotextiles plus adsorbed methane oxidizing bacteria were tested for their responses to temperature, intermittent starvation, and washing (to simulate rainfall). The prototypes were mesophilic, and methane oxidation activity remained strong after one cycle of starvation but then declined with repeated cycles. Many of the cells detached with vigorous washing, but at least 30% appeared resistant to sloughing. While laboratory landfill simulations showed that four-layer composite biotarps made with two different types of geotextile could remove up to 50% of influent methane introduced at a flux rate of 22 g m{sup -2} d{sup -1}, field experiments did not yield high activity levels. Tests revealed that there were high hour-to-hour flux variations in the field, which, together with frequent rainfall events, confounded the field testing. Overall, the findings suggest that a methanotroph embedded biotarp appears to be a feasible strategy to mitigate methane emission from landfill cells, although the performance of field-tested biotarps was not robust here. Tarps will likely be best suited for spring and summer use, although the methane oxidizer population may be able to shift and adapt to lower temperatures. The starvation cycling of the tarp may require the capacity for intermittent reinoculation of the cells, although it is also possible that a subpopulation will adapt to the cycling and become dominant. Rainfall is not expected to be a major factor, because a baseline biofilm will be present to repopulate the tarp. If strong performance can be achieved and documented, the biotarp concept could be extended to include interception of other compounds beyond methane, such as volatile aromatic hydrocarbons and chlorinated solvents.

Helene Hilger; James Oliver; Jean Bogner; David Jones

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

451

Methane Recovery from Hydrate-bearing Sediments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gas hydrates are crystalline compounds made of gas and water molecules. Methane hydrates are found in marine sediments and permafrost regions; extensive amounts of methane are trapped in the form of hydrates. Methane hydrate can be an energy resource, contribute to global warming, or cause seafloor instability. This study placed emphasis on gas recovery from hydrate bearing sediments and related phenomena. The unique behavior of hydrate-bearing sediments required the development of special research tools, including new numerical algorithms (tube- and pore-network models) and experimental devices (high pressure chambers and micromodels). Therefore, the research methodology combined experimental studies, particle-scale numerical simulations, and macro-scale analyses of coupled processes. Research conducted as part of this project started with hydrate formation in sediment pores and extended to production methods and emergent phenomena. In particular, the scope of the work addressed: (1) hydrate formation and growth in pores, the assessment of formation rate, tensile/adhesive strength and their impact on sediment-scale properties, including volume change during hydrate formation and dissociation; (2) the effect of physical properties such as gas solubility, salinity, pore size, and mixed gas conditions on hydrate formation and dissociation, and it implications such as oscillatory transient hydrate formation, dissolution within the hydrate stability field, initial hydrate lens formation, and phase boundary changes in real field situations; (3) fluid conductivity in relation to pore size distribution and spatial correlation and the emergence of phenomena such as flow focusing; (4) mixed fluid flow, with special emphasis on differences between invading gas and nucleating gas, implications on relative gas conductivity for reservoir simulations, and gas recovery efficiency; (5) identification of advantages and limitations in different gas production strategies with emphasis; (6) detailed study of CH4-CO2 exchange as a unique alternative to recover CH4 gas while sequestering CO2; (7) the relevance of fines in otherwise clean sand sediments on gas recovery and related phenomena such as fines migration and clogging, vuggy structure formation, and gas-driven fracture formation during gas production by depressurization.

J. Carlos Santamarina; Costas Tsouris

2011-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

452

EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Methane Emissions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

oil production dropping by 28 percent from 1990 to 2009, methane emissions from petroleum exploration and production have declined by the same percentage. Residential wood...

453

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Seol, Y. and T. J. Kneafsey, Methane hydrate induced permeability modification for multiphase flow in unsaturated porous media, Journal of Geophysical Research, 2011, In...

454

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NETL ORD Methane Hydrate Research - Thermal Properties of Hydrate Tool Development Last Reviewed 3182013 Project Goal The goal of this project is increased understanding of...

455

NETL: Methane Hydrates - Hydrate Model Code Comparison  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reservoir Simulator Code Comparison Study An International Effort to Compare Methane Hydrate Reservoir Simulators Code Comparison Logo The National Energy Technology Laboratory...

456

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of gas hydrates. The effort aims to quantify the mechanical characteristics of methane hydrate and hydrate cemented sediments for use in models of the dynamic behavior of...

457

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Support of Characterization of Recoverable Resources from Methane Hydrate Deposits Last Reviewed 5102012 ESD05-048 Goal The project is bringing new laboratory measurements and...

458

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methane Hydrate Projects If you need help finding information on a particular project, please contact the content manager. Search Hydrates Projects Active Projects | Completed...

459

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

characterization and temporal variation of methane seepage from thermokarst lakes on the Alaska North Slope in response to Arctic climate change Last Reviewed 632013 DE-NT0005665...

460

,"California - Coastal Region Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

- Coastal Region Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the Gulf of Mexico and 2) NRL's Advanced Research Initiative on shallow sediment methane seeps. Geochemical data coupled with heat flow probe data were used to estimate...

462

Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

16, 2013 Washington, DC July 16, 2013 Meeting Minutes More Documents & Publications Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes Electricity Advisory Committee Notice of Open...

463

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

late Quaternary. An investigation of the nature of deposition and alteration of the methane hydrate in cores from the Umnak Plateau in the southeastern Bering Sea was conducted...

464

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

establishing high-priority geographical regions of prospective interest, in terms of methane volume estimates; c). Prediction of environmental effects and geologic risks at the...

465

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

goal was to develop new methodologies to characterize the physical properties of methane hydrate and hydrate sediment systems. Performers Westport Technology Center...

466

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

during NGHP Expedition 01 Background Gas hydrate distribution in sediments depends on methane supply, which in turn depends on fluid flow. When drilling data are available to...

467

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methane Hydrate Research - Geoscience Evaluations and Field Studies Last Reviewed 3182013 Project Goals The primary goals of the DOENETL Natural Gas Hydrate Field Studies...

468

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(RUS) technique to examine hydrate formationdissociation processes. For determining methane abundance and location on a grain-to-grain scale, a completely new method of...

469

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

natural and simulated sediment samples, and to use these sediments as hosts to form methane hydrate and to investigate the kinetics of hydrate formation and dissociation...

470

,"Federal Offshore California Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

471

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for this sample, but Raman bands from both samples were essentially identical: methane and ethane along with trace amounts of isobutene and trans-butane. Small angle...

472

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on the behavior of gas hydrates in their natural environment under either production (methane gas extraction) or climate change scenarios. This research is closely linked with...

473

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determine the potential impacts of gas hydrate instability in terms of the release of methane into seafloor sediments, the ocean and the atmosphere. Performers University of...

474

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Decomposition Kinetic Studies of Methane Hydrate in Host Sediments under Subsurface Mimic Conditions Last Reviewed 02172010 EST-380-NEDA Goal The purpose of this study is to...

475

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and presentations as well as a listing of funded students can be found in the Methane Hydrate Program Bibliography PDF. A final report is available by request. Contact...

476

,"Miscellaneous States Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

477

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and presentations as well as a listing of funded students can be found in the Methane Hydrate Program Bibliography PDF. Final Project Report PDF-23MB - October, 2009...

478

,"Pennsylvania Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves (Billion Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

479

NETL: Methane Hydrates - ANS Research Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Characterization project has resulted in a characterization of two large prospective methane hydrate accumulations (or trends); the Eileen Trend, which underlies but extends well...

480

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure and Physical Properties of Methane Hydrate Deposit at Blake Ridge Last Reviewed 02052010 Bathymetric location map of the Blake Ridge study area Bathymetric location map...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes methane propane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Horizon spill approximately 10 miles from the observatory showed increased levels of methane at two depths where detectable levels had not been seen in the past. The evidence...

482

NETL: Methane Hydrates - ANS Research Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Slope represents an important milestone in an ongoing evaluation of Alaskan Arctic methane hydrate potential. This evaluation, a joint effort of DOE, USGS, BP Exploration...

483

NETL: Methane Hydrates - DOE/NETL Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Survey, Woods Hole Field Center Location Woods Hole Massachusetts Background Oceanic methane hydrates are a major emerging research topic spanning energy resource issues, global...

484

New Materials Make Methane Capture Possible  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 8, 2013... and FER, were able to concentrate dilute methane streams into moderate concentrations that could be used to treat coal-mine ventilation air.

485

Coal bed methane reservoir simulation studies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study is to perform simulation studies for a specific coal bed methane reservoir. First, the theory and reservoir engineering aspects of… (more)

Karimi, Kaveh

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Method for the photocatalytic conversion of methane  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to a method for converting methane and water to methanol and hydrogen using visible light and a catalyst.

Noceti, R.P.; Taylor, C.E.; D' Este, J.R.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

A conduit dilation model of methane venting from lake sediments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methane is a potent greenhouse gas, but its effects on Earth's climate remain poorly constrained, in part due to uncertainties in global methane fluxes to the atmosphere. An important source of atmospheric methane is the ...

Ruppel, Carolyn

488

State-of-the-art in coalbed methane drilling fluids  

SciTech Connect

The production of methane from wet coalbeds is often associated with the production of significant amounts of water. While producing water is necessary to desorb the methane from the coal, the damage from the drilling fluids used is difficult to assess, because the gas production follows weeks to months after the well is drilled. Commonly asked questions include the following: What are the important parameters for drilling an organic reservoir rock that is both the source and the trap for the methane? Has the drilling fluid affected the gas production? Are the cleats plugged? Does the 'filtercake' have an impact on the flow of water and gas? Are stimulation techniques compatible with the drilling fluids used? This paper describes the development of a unique drilling fluid to drill coalbed methane wells with a special emphasis on horizontal applications. The fluid design incorporates products to match the delicate surface chemistry on the coal, a matting system to provide both borehole stability and minimize fluid losses to the cleats, and a breaker method of removing the matting system once drilling is completed. This paper also discusses how coal geology impacts drilling planning, drilling practices, the choice of drilling fluid, and completion/stimulation techniques for Upper Cretaceous Mannville-type coals drilled within the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin. A focus on horizontal coalbed methane (CBM) wells is presented. Field results from three horizontal wells are discussed, two of which were drilled with the new drilling fluid system. The wells demonstrated exceptional stability in coal for lengths to 1000 m, controlled drilling rates and ease of running slotted liners. Methods for, and results of, placing the breaker in the horizontal wells are covered in depth.

Baltoiu, L.V.; Warren, B.K.; Natras, T.A.

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

489

Methane, Nonmethane Hydrocarbons, Alkyl Nitrates, and Chlorinated Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Trace Gases in Whole-Air Samples Atmospheric Trace Gases in Whole-Air Samples Methane, Nonmethane Hydrocarbons, Alkyl Nitrates, and Chlorinated Carbon Compounds including 3 Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC-11, CFC-12, and CFC-113) in Whole-air Samples graphics Graphics data Data Investigator Donald Blake Department of Chemistry, University of California Irvine, California, 92697 USA Period of Record April 1979 - December 2012 Methods Whole-air samples are collected in conditioned, evacuated, 2-L stainless steel canisters; each canister is filled to ambient pressure over a period of about 1 minute (approximately 20 seconds to 2 minutes). These canisters are returned to the University of California at Irvine for chromatographic analysis. Analysis for methane includes gas chromatography with flame ionization, as

490

Utah Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Release Date: 812013 Next Release Date: 812014 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane New Field Discoveries Utah Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and Production...

491

Changes related to "Coal Bed Methane Protection Act (Montana...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Special page Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Changes related to "Coal Bed Methane Protection Act (Montana)" Coal Bed Methane Protection Act (Montana)...

492

Pages that link to "Coal Bed Methane Protection Act (Montana...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Edit History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Pages that link to "Coal Bed Methane Protection Act (Montana)" Coal Bed Methane Protection Act (Montana)...

493

Louisiana--South Onshore Coalbed Methane Production (Billion...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 812013 Next Release Date: 812014 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Estimated Production LA, South Onshore Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves...

494

California (with State off) Coalbed Methane Production (Billion...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 812013 Next Release Date: 812014 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Estimated Production California Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes,...

495

Other States Natural Gas Coalbed Methane, Reserves Based Production...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Other States Natural Gas Coalbed Methane, Reserves Based Production (Billion Cubic Feet) Other States Natural Gas Coalbed Methane, Reserves Based Production (Billion Cubic Feet)...

496

Texas (with State Offshore) Coalbed Methane Production (Billion...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 812013 Next Release Date: 812014 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Estimated Production Texas Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and...

497

Texas--RRC District 8 Coalbed Methane Production (Billion Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 812013 Next Release Date: 812014 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Estimated Production TX, RRC District 8 Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves...

498

Texas--RRC District 5 Coalbed Methane Production (Billion Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 812013 Next Release Date: 812014 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Estimated Production TX, RRC District 5 Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves...

499

Texas--RRC District 3 Onshore Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 812013 Next Release Date: 812014 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves as of Dec. 31 TX, RRC District 3 Onshore Coalbed Methane Proved...

500

Texas--RRC District 6 Coalbed Methane Production (Billion Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 812013 Next Release Date: 812014 Referring Pages: Coalbed Methane Estimated Production TX, RRC District 6 Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves, Reserves...