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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Quantitative Determination of n-Propane, iso-Butane, and n-Butane by Headspace GC-MS in Intoxications by Inhalation of Lighter Fluid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......2-butanol, tetrahydrofuran, 1-bromopropane, n-heptane, 1,2-dichloroethane...due to toxic effects ofn-bu- tane inhalation and considered accidental in nature...in a 14-year-old boy after butane inhalation. Ir. Med. J.92(4): 344 (1999......

Marie-Paule L.A. Bouche; Willy E. Lambert; Jan F.P. Van Bocxlaer; Michel H. Piette; André P. De Leenheer

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Current Quality Culture Mini Paper ISO 9000 2000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of three quality systems: ISO 9001, ISO 9002 or ISO 9003 (ISO9). The 1994 editions of ISO 9001, ISO 9002 and ISO 9003 standards will be consolidated into the single ISO 9001:2000 standard (ISO). ISO 9000 2000 and respected throughout the world. ISO 9000 2000 includes three quality standards: ISO 9000:2000, ISO 9001

Vardeman, Stephen B.

3

Efficient Energy Usage in Butane Splitters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PEN*ANE + I n-BUTANE ISOMERISATION i/n-BUTANE FLOW DIAGRAM 2 ALKYLATE PROCESS PROPANE n?BUTANE i/n?BUTANE I * Incorporates C4 Splitter With environmental pressure to remove lead from gas oline expected to continue, the use of MTBE, TBA... ALKYLATION I I I . n?BUTANE FRACTIONATION ISOMERISATION 1sPEL AJKYLATI ACID CONVENTIONAL FRACTIONATOR Fllctionetor Reboil_ n?C4 Prod... 783 ESL-IE-82-04-142 Proceedings from the Fourth Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April...

Barnwell, J.; Morris, C. P.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

About ISO 50001  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The ISO 50001 energy management standard is an international framework for industrial plants, commercial facilities, or entire organizations to manage energy, including all aspects of procurement and use. The standard provides organizations and companies with technical and management strategies to increase energy efficiency, reduce costs, and improve environmental performance. ISO 50001 is a foundational requirement for Superior Energy Performance® (SEP™) certification.

5

ISO 50001 Brochure  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Overview of International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 50001, a voluntary International Standard that gives organizations the requirements for energy management systems (EnMS).

6

ISO 50001 Professional Assistance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Qualified professionals provide organizations implementing ISO 50001 with the assurance that they are maximizing the benefits from use of the standard. Qualified professionals obtain certification...

7

ISO 50001 Frequently Asked Questions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

ISO 50001 is a voluntary International Standard developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) to provide organizations an internationally recognized framework to manage and...

8

ISO and ISO 9000 Jennifer G. Simpson and Tara Moses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-standards are (www.isoeasy.org): ISO 9001: Quality systems model for design, development, production, installationISO and ISO 9000 Jennifer G. Simpson and Tara Moses Why standardization? Imagine driving up of characteristics, to ensure that materials, products, processes, and services are fit for their purpose" (www.iso

Vardeman, Stephen B.

9

ISO 9001 ISO 14001 AS 9100 CERTIFIED Mini-Circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ISO 9001 ISO 14001 AS 9100 CERTIFIED Mini-Circuits ® P.O. Box 350166, Brooklyn, New York 11235.65 9.65 14.48 4.57 8.38 5.33 5.59 4.57 25.40 12.70 8.89 4.57 2.69 35.0 #12;ISO 9001 ISO 14001 AS 9100

Wedeward, Kevin

10

DOE Promotion of ISO 50001  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) played a critical role in developing ISO 50001—the world's first global energy management system standard. ISO 50001 promotes the widespread adoption of best...

11

License Iso. CM35  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

License Iso. CM35 License Iso. CM35 hUhUll4MhiM&POlltYll7~ llolh-thRqalStract Alolan&le, vlrghla Attoatlonl w. & 0. EutahlDon Pursuant to the Atanic Energy Act of 1954 and Section 40.21 or the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10 - Atomic Energy, Chapter 1, Part 40 - Control of Sauce Haterid, you are hereby licensed to receive possession of and title to three hundred uwi l lght the term of this liceaee for pounda of refined eource material during 880 in meueb and demlopmt aotiritim MDool.atd lfltb fual oleroat f*hrlcmtlon. You are nirthcr licensed to transfer aad deliver poaaeeslon of and title to refined ecwce material to any person licensed by the Atcmlc Energy ~~slon, VitAin the limits of his license. i f Am a condition of iemzaace of thie llcenee, you are required to maintain

12

About ISO 50001 and DOE  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

ISO 50001 provides organizations with an internationally recognized framework for implementing an energy management system (EnMS). The standard addresses the following:

13

Getting Started with ISO 50001  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Companies use an energy management system (EnMS) to establish the policies and procedures to systematically track, analyze, and improve energy efficiency. ISO 50001, the global energy management systems standard, specifies requirements for establishing, implementing, maintaining, and improving an EnMS. The standard is based upon the Plan-Do-Check-Act management system, which is familiar to many manufacturing plants that have implemented other ISO standards. DOE's Superior Energy Performance program provides guidance, tools, and protocols to drive deeper, more sustained savings from ISO 50001.

14

Saving Energy and Reducing Emissions from the Regeneration Air System of a Butane Dehydrogenation Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Texas Petrochemicals operates a butane dehydrogenation unit producing MTBE for reformulated gasoline that was originally constructed when energy was cheap and prior to environmental regulation. The process exhausts 900,000 pounds per hour of air...

John, T. P.

15

Standards for language encoding: ISO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Standards for language encoding: ISO Tomaz Erjavec Dept. of Knowledge Technologies Jozef Stefan of International Standards, founded in 1947. A network of the national standards institutes of 162 countries. Somewhat problematic business model: standards are published on paper and have to be bought however, many

Erjavec, TomaÂ?

16

The determination of compressibility factors of gaseous butane-nitrogen mixtures in the gas phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE DETERMINATION OF COMPRESSIBILITY FACTORS OF GASEOUS BUTANE-NITROGEN MIXTURES IN THE GAS PHASE A D issertation By Robert Buckner Evans, III Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of^ 'ent Advisor) June 1955... ?-; i'i i ; A R y ? 'A 'Gi- Or- T EX AS THE DETERMINATION OF COMHIESSIBILITI FACTORS OF GASEOUS BUTANE-NITROGEN MIXTURES IN THE GAS PHASE A D issertation By ROBERT BUCKNER EVANS, III Submitted' to the Graduate School of the Agricultural...

Evans, Robert Buckner

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

PLE QUALITCERTIFI ISO 9001 LES MTIERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PÃ?LE QUALITÃ?CERTIFIÃ? ISO 9001 LES MÃ?TIERS RESPONSABLE QUALITÃ? RESPONSABLE SÃ?CURITÃ? DIRECTEUR OU

Jeanjean, Louis

18

Thinking Globally: How ISO 50001 - Energy Management can make industrial energy efficiency standard practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the ISO quality (ISO 9001:2008) and environmental (ISOsystem standards such as ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 have somemanagement practices (ISO 9001) and environmental management

McKane, Aimee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Cost-effective Design Options for IsoDAR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This whitepaper reviews design options for the IsoDAR electron antineutrino source. IsoDAR is designed to produce $2.6 \\times 10^{22}$ electron antineutrinos per year with an average energy of 6.4 MeV, using isotope decay-at-rest. Aspects which must be balanced for cost-effectiveness include: overall cost; rate and energy distribution of the electron antineutrino flux and backgrounds; low technical risk; compactness; simplicity of underground construction and operation; reliability; value to future neutrino physics programs; and value to industry. We show that the baseline design outlined here is the most cost effective.

A. Adelmann; J. R. Alonso; W. Barletta; R. Barlow; L. Bartoszek; A. Bungau; L. Calabretta; A. Calanna; D. Campo; J. M. Conrad; Z. Djurcic; Y. Kamyshkov; H. Owen; M. H. Shaevitz; I. Shimizu; T. Smidt; J. Spitz; M. Toups; M. Wascko; L. A. Winslow; J. J. Yang

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

20

California ISO Glossary CAL I F O R N IA I S O  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

control area. This includes utilities, generating companies, transmission owners, energy- trading companies and Scheduling Coordinators. Scheduling Coordinator (SC): Entities that buy or sell power through the California ISO have to do so through a Scheduling Coordinator. The SC is specifically authorized by the ISO

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Cometabolic transformation of cis-1,2-dichloroethylene and cis-1,2-dichloroethylene epoxide by a butane-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by transformation of c- DCE was actively trans- formed by Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b expressing soluble methane by a butane- grown mixed culture Y. Kim* and L. Semprini** *Department of Environmental Engineering, Korea cometabolism of cis-1,2-dichloroethylene (c-DCE) by a butane-grown mixed culture was evaluated in batch kinetic

Semprini, Lewis

22

ISO/TC 197 HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGIES  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TC 197 TC 197 HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGIES HYDROGEN FUEL - PRODUCT SPECIFICATION ISO 14687 WORKING GROUP 3 Dr. Addison Bain - Convener HYDROGEN FUEL - PRODUCT SPECIFICATION PURPOSE The purpose of this ISO standard is to describe the quality characteristics of hydrogen fuel and to assure uniformity in the final quality of the hydrogen product as produced and distributed for utilization in vehicular, appliance, or other fueling applications ISO 14687 HISTORY August 1994 - Work Item Proposed December 1994 - Work Item Approved ISO P - members supporting the effort: Belgium Canada Egypt France Germany Italy Japan Korea Russia Switzerland Turkey USA ISO 14687 HISTORY (cont'd) USA Membership: NASA Wiltec Laboratories National Hydrogen Association American Hydrogen Association Air Products and Chemicals

23

A Multidimensional Gas Chromatographic Method for Analysis of n-Butane Oxidation Reaction Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......laboratory-scale reactor systems. The...lection of the reactor product gas and subsequent analysis. This method...high degree of reliability using unattended...typical on-line analysis of a butane...catalyst. The reactor feed gas for......

P.L. Mills; W.E. Guise; Jr.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

SEP and ISO 50001 Certification Process | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

upon the complexity of the facility and whether the facility is already certified to ISO 9001 or ISO 14001. The minimum number of audit days for ISO 50001 certification can...

25

ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

results. 1 Time period covering March 2013 to May 2014. Data from R. Peglau, Germany Federal Environment Agency, May 2014. ISO 50001 Resources ISO 50001 Energy Management...

26

ISO 50001 Conformant Energy Management Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ISO 50001-conformant ISO 50001-conformant Energy Management Systems Aimee McKane Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory atmckane@lbl.gov 518-782-7002 April 2, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Energy efficiency improvements with very favorable payback periods often do not get implemented due to competing organizational priorities * Even projects that are implemented may not be sustained due to lack of supportive operational and maintenance practices Problem: Energy efficiency is not integrated into daily

27

ISO 50001 Conformant Energy Management Systems  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ISO 50001-conformant ISO 50001-conformant Energy Management Systems Aimee McKane Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory atmckane@lbl.gov 518-782-7002 April 2, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Energy efficiency improvements with very favorable payback periods often do not get implemented due to competing organizational priorities * Even projects that are implemented may not be sustained due to lack of supportive operational and maintenance practices Problem: Energy efficiency is not integrated into daily

28

Formative time of breakdown modeled for the ignition of air and n-butane mixtures using effective ionization coefficients  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is shown that simulations of ignition by electric arc discharge in n-butane and air mixtures have interesting features, which deviate from results obtained by simple extension of calculations based on methanelike fuels. In particular, it is demonstrated that lowering the temperature of the n-butane-air mixture before ignition under certain conditions will actually decrease the ignition stage time as well as the required electric field.

Kudryavtsev, A. A.; Popugaev, S. D. [St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg 198904 (Russian Federation); Demidov, V. I. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Adams, S. F. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States); Jiao, C. Q. [ISSI Inc., Dayton, Ohio 45440-3638 (United States)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

29

Changes in environmental auditing resulting from ISO 14000  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the adoption of ISO 14000 a significant new element has been introduced into the environmental programs in the workplace. This element is the ISO management system. The management system provides a structure and process to control all aspects of the environmental program, and provide management with the information they need to set priorities and make decisions on the business`s operations. The ISO 14000 management system consists of four elements in a continuous cycle of Plan-Do-Check-Act and it acts as an umbrella process to integrate all the aspects of the company`s environmental management and control system into a cohesive program that provides management with: the information they need to make decisions, a way of verifying that the decisions are having the desired effect, and a process to continuously improve on environmental performance. A significant component of the Check element of the ISO management system cycle is the audit program. This program provides management with information on; the completeness of the environmental programs in place, the adequacy of the resources in place to manage environmental performance, the level of implementation of the environmental programs, and the degree of compliance with the company`s standards and the applicable regulations. The audit program must be managed the same as any other of the components of the environmental program and it is made up of several components, including: Audit Management Process and Resources; Conducting the Audits; Auditor Training; Audit Protocols; Audit Reporting Structure; Corrective Action Development, Reporting and Monitoring; Feedback System; Management Reporting Structure; and Program Quality Assurance. While the audit program is only one element of a complete environmental program, no program is complete without an effective audit function.

Sanderson, J. [Nova Corp., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

30

What's happening in Midwest ISO market?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

attributable to significantly decreased natural gas, oil and coal prices. (fuel costs represent the vast of Presentation Introduction Energy prices in 2006 Day-Ahead Market Performance Real-Time Market Performance;Introduction 2006 is the first full year of market operations in Midwest ISO. Electricity prices in MISO

Tesfatsion, Leigh

31

Eine Estelle-Spezifikation des Dienstes der ISO-Norm „Distributed Transaction Processing“  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dieser Bericht beschreibt eine Anwendung der formalen Beschreibungstechnik (FDT: Formal Description Technique) Estelle auf das ISO-Normungsprojekt ISO Distributed Transaction Processing (ISO TP). Da durch dieses ...

Ludger Walther; H. Rüdiger Wiehle

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

World Energy Use: ISO Standards that Can Help | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

World Energy Use: ISO Standards that Can Help This one-page flyer shows total world energy consumption of marketed energy by economic sector as well as a list of ISO standards...

33

ISO 50001: A Global Energy Management System Standard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ISO 50001:2011 provides benefits for any organization to establish a framework to manage and improve energy consumption. The framework of ISO 50001:2011 enables organizations to establish the systems and processes necessary to improve energy...

Chowdhury, N.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Lean Six Sigma iSO 9001:2000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Six Sigma Lean Six Sigma iSO 9001:2000 Lean buSineSS prOceSSeS imprOvement tOOLS StatiSticaL meth ·ISO/TS16949 ·ISO14001EMS ·MalcolmBaldrigeNational Quality Award Statistical Methods ·Statistical program implementation as wellasafullrangeofLeanSixSigma andSixSigmaservices. Our prOFeSSiOnaL StaFF can iSO

Asaithambi, Asai

35

ISO 9001 : LES ENJEUX DU RECOURS A UN REFERENTIEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ISO 9001 : LES ENJEUX DU RECOURS A UN REFERENTIEL QUALITE SUPPLEMENTAIRE POUR LA PROFESSION de déterminer les enjeux principaux de l'obtention de la norme ISO 9001 pour un cabinet d of obtaining the standard ISO 9001 for a certified public accountant firm. Initially, we will reconsider

Boyer, Edmond

36

Communication - An Effective Tool for Implementing ISO 14001/EMS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) received ISO 14001/EMS certification in June 2002. Communication played an effective role in implementing ISO 14001/EMS at the INEEL. This paper describes communication strategies used during the implementation and certification processes. The INEEL achieved Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) and Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) Star status in 2001. ISMS implemented a formal process to plan and execute work. VPP facilitated worker involvement by establishing geographic units at various facilities with employee points of contact and management champions. The INEEL Environmental Management System (EMS) was developed to integrate the environmental functional area into its ISMS and VPP. Since the core functions of ISMS, VPP, and EMS are interchangeable, they were easy to integrate. Communication is essential to successfully implement an EMS. (According to ISO 14001 requirements, communication interacts with 12 other elements of the requirements.) We developed communication strategies that integrated ISMS, VPP, and EMS. For example, the ISMS, VPP, and EMS Web sites communicated messages to the work force, such as “VPP emphasizes the people side of doing business, ISMS emphasizes the system side of doing business, and EMS emphasizes the systems to protect the environment; but they all define work, identify and analyze hazards, and mitigate the hazards.” As a result of this integration, the work force supported and implemented the EMS. In addition, the INEEL established a cross-functional communication team to assist with implementing the EMS. The team included members from the Training and Communication organizations, VPP office, Pollution Prevention, Employee and Media Relations, a union representative, facility environmental support, and EMS staff. This crossfunctional team used various communication strategies to promote our EMS to all organization levels and successfully implemented EMS activities through VPP geographic units. In summary, the ISMS and VPP process at the INEEL provided the basic framework of management support and worker involvement to implement our EMS. A cross-functional communication team was established to facilitate the implementation with great success. Communication has been an effective tool for implementing an ISO 14001/EMS at the INEEL.

Rachel Damewood; Bowen Huntsman

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

ISO New England Forward Capacity Market (Rhode Island) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ISO New England Forward Capacity Market (Rhode Island) ISO New England Forward Capacity Market (Rhode Island) ISO New England Forward Capacity Market (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Developer Industrial State/Provincial Govt Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Generating Facility Rate-Making Under the Forward Capacity Market (FCM), ISO New England projects the capacity needs of the region's power system three years in advance and then holds an annual auction to purchase the power resources that will satisfy those future regional requirements. Resources that clear in the auction are obligated to provide power or curtail demand when called upon by the ISO. The Forward Capacity Market was developed by ISO New England, the six New

38

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robinson, Michael, 2008, "Demand Response in Midwest ISOPresentation at MISO Demand Response Working Group Meeting,Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Superior Energy Performance: Getting the Most Value from ISO 50001  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation describes ISO 50001 and explains how Superior Energy Performance can help get the most value from implementation of an Energy Management Standard.

40

Moving from ISO9000 to the Higher Levels of the Capability Maturity Model (CMM)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the world that are ISO9001 certified. Many of these are now considering adopting the SEI's Capability]. In this transition from ISO9001 to CMM, processes have to be enhanced to suit the CMM (while preserving ISO9001 issue of an ISO organization transitioning to higher levels of CMM. ISO 9001 is a standard that has 20

Jalote, Pankaj

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Property:EIA/861/IsoErcot | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoErcot IsoErcot Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_ERCOT Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the ERCOT ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoErcot" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + AP Holdings LLC + true + APNA Energy + true + Alliance Power Co LLC + true + AmeriPower LLC + true + B Bandera Electric Coop, Inc + true + Bluebonnet Electric Coop, Inc + true + Bounce Energy, Inc. + true + Brazos Electric Power Coop Inc + true + Brazos River Authority + true + Brownsville Public Utilities Board + true +

42

Property:EIA/861/IsoMiso | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoMiso IsoMiso Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_MISO Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the Midwest ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoMiso" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Adams Electric Coop + true + Adams-Columbia Electric Coop + true + Alger-Delta Coop Electric Assn + true + Algoma Utility Comm + true + Amana Society Service Co + true + Ameren Illinois Company + true + American Mun Power-Ohio, Inc + true + American Transmission Systems Inc + true + Arrowhead Electric Coop, Inc + true + Atlantic Municipal Utilities + true + B Barron Electric Coop + true +

43

Property:EIA/861/IsoOther | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoOther IsoOther Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_OTHER Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in another ISO region other than choices listed. [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoOther" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Access Energy Coop + true + Aiken Electric Coop Inc + true + Akiachak Native Community Electric Co + true + Atchison-Holt Electric Coop + true + B Big Horn County Elec Coop, Inc + true + Brigham City Corporation (Utility Company) + true + Broad River Electric Coop, Inc + true + C Canby Utility Board + true + City of Bandon, Oregon (Utility Company) + true +

44

Property:EIA/861/IsoNy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoNy IsoNy Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_NY Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the NY ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoNy" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AES Eastern Energy LP + true + AP Holdings LLC + true + Agway Energy Services, LLC + true + B Bath Electric Gas & Water Sys + true + Bluerock Energy, Inc. + true + C Central Hudson Gas & Elec Corp + true + City of Salamanca, New York (Utility Company) + true + City of Sherrill, New York (Utility Company) + true + City of Watertown, New York (Utility Company) + true +

45

Property:EIA/861/IsoNe | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoNe IsoNe Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_NE Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the New England ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoNe" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) B Bangor Hydro-Electric Co + true + Barton Village, Inc (Utility Company) + true + Bozrah Light & Power Company + true + C Central Maine Power Co + true + Central Vermont Pub Serv Corp + true + CinCap IV, LLC + true + CinCap V LLC + true + Cinergy Capital & Trading, Inc + true + City of Chicopee, Massachusetts (Utility Company) + true + City of Holyoke, Massachusetts (Utility Company) + true +

46

The ISO 12913 series on soundscape: An update, May 2012  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In February 2009 the working group ISO/TC 43/SC 1/WG 54 “Perceptual assessment of soundscape quality” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) begun preparing the first International Standard on soundscape “ISO 12913-1 Acoustics — Soundscape — Part 1: Definition and conceptual framework”. This paper presents the latest version of the definition of “soundscape” and its conceptual framework. At its current state of development the framework highlights seven general concepts and their relationships: (1) sound sources (2) acoustic environment (3) auditory sensations (4) interpretation of auditory sensations (5) responses (6) context and (7) outcomes. By providing a standard reference the working group aims at international consensus in order to avoid ambiguity and to enable conceptual progress in soundscape research. ISO 12913-1 is expected to be published as an International Standard in 2015. Subsequent parts of the ISO 12913 series will deal with minimum reporting requirements in soundscape research and methods for measuring soundscape quality.

Östen Axelsson; ISO/TC 43/SC 1/WG 54

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Property:EIA/861/IsoCa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoCa IsoCa Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_CA Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the CA ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoCa" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3 Phases Energy Services + true + C City & County of San Francisco (Utility Company) + true + City of Alameda, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Anaheim, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Azusa, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Banning, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Biggs, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Colton, California (Utility Company) + true +

48

Quality Management and Job Quality: How the ISO 9001 Standard forQuality Management Systems Affects Employees and Employers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Job Quality: How the ISO 9001 Standard for Qualityhave examined how the ISO 9001 Quality Management Systemcompanies in California. ISO 9001 adopters subsequently had

Levine, David I.; Toffel, Michael W.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Die ISO-Transaktionsverarbeitung als Grundlage für den Nachrichtenaustausch in Verteiltem PEARL  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Die Realisierung des Dienstes und des unterlagerten Protokolls erfolgt entsprechend dem internationalen Ansatz ‘ISO-Transaction Processing, 2nd Draft Proposal’. Der ISO-TP-Dienst wird in der Anwendungsebene des ISO

Gabriele Heß; Ulrich Bohnert; Peter Holleczek

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Thinking Globally: How ISO 50001 - Energy Management can make industrial energy efficiency standard practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of an energy management system standard is towww.iso.org/iso/energy_management_system_standard Relatedof an energy management system. For organizations already

McKane, Aimee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Technical Assistance to ISO's and Grid Operators For Loads Providing  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Technical Assistance to ISO's and Grid Operators For Loads Technical Assistance to ISO's and Grid Operators For Loads Providing Ancillary Services To Enhance Grid Reliability Technical Assistance to ISO's and Grid Operators For Loads Providing Ancillary Services To Enhance Grid Reliability Project demonstrates and promotes the use of responsive load to provide ancillary services; helps ISOsand grid operators understand the resource and how best to apply it. Technical Assistance to ISO's and Grid Operators For Loads Providing Ancillary Services To Enhance Grid Reliability More Documents & Publications Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience 2012 Load as a Resource Program Peer Review New York Independent System Operator, Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges.

52

Dr. Kelli Joseph, NYISO Representing the ISO-RTO Council  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Two-thirds of all electric consumers in the United States are served by an ISO or RTO. Natural gas has become the fuel of choice for new generation, accounting for the majority...

53

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data Collection for Demand-side Management for QualifyingPrepared by Demand-side Management Task Force of the4. Status of Demand Side Management in Midwest ISO 5.

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

TQM, ISO 9000, and Commissioning (Let's Be Practical)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consistent performance. International Standards Organization (ISO) applies discipline to that concept requiring a structured well-documented management environment capable of withstanding an audit. One could quickly build a library in the study of management...

Dunn, W.; Berner, W.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

ISO 50001- Case Studies and Lessons Learned so Far  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ISO 50001:2011 - Energy Management Systems - Requirements with Guidance for Use was published as a voluntary international standard in June 2011. Companies are slowly beginning to consider use of the standard, and a few are implementing the standard...

Tutterow, V.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Vasoconstrictor effects of 8-iso-prostaglandin E2 and 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? on human umbilical vein  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present study was undertaken to determine whether 8-iso-prostaglandin E2 and 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? posses contractile action on human umbilical vein and to evaluate the possible involvement of prostanoid TP receptors in this effect. Human umbilical vein rings were mounted in organ baths and concentration–response curves to 8-iso-prostaglandin E2 or 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? were constructed. Both isoprostanes evoked concentration-dependent contraction. 8-iso-prostaglandin E2 (pEC50=6.90±0.03) was significantly more potent than 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? (pEC50=6.10±0.04). However, both isoprostanes were equieffective. The prostanoid TP receptor antagonists, ICI-192,605 (4-(Z)-6-(2-o-Chlorophenyl-4-o-hydroxyphenyl-1,3-dioxan-cis-5-yl)hexenoic acid) and SQ-29548 (7-[3-[[2-[(phenylamino)carbonyl]hydrazino]methyl]-7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl]-[1S(1?,2?(Z),3?,4?)]-5-Heptenoic acid) produced a competitive rightward shift of 8-iso-prostaglandin E2 concentration–response curves with pKB values of 8.91±0.04 and 8.07±0.07, respectively. When ICI-192,605 (1 nM) and SQ-29548 (10 nM) were evaluated against 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? they produced a parallel rightward displacement of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? concentration–response curves without affecting the maximum responses giving pA2 values of 9.02±0.12 and 8.26±0.13, respectively. In conclusion, the present study describes for the first time the vasoconstrictor action of 8-iso-prostaglandin E2 and 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? in human umbilical vein. Furthermore, the affinity values obtained with ICI-192,605 and SQ-29548 provide strong pharmacological evidence of prostanoid TP receptors involvement in this effect.

Federico M. Daray; Ana I. Minvielle; Soledad Puppo; Rodolfo P. Rothlin

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Methodological utilities for organizing cooperative work process according to ISO 9001 standard recommendations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Methodological utilities for organizing cooperative work process according to ISO 9001 standard is based on the recommendations of ISO 9001 standard. Classical methods decompose a project into several, the recommendations of the ISO 9001 standard (ISO, 2000) are applied, which define different requirements to control

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

58

ISO9001 Certification in UK Organisations A comparative study of motivations and impacts.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ISO9001 Certification in UK Organisations A comparative study of motivations and impacts. Scott Mc considered as the minimum standard for a quality management system. The number of ISO 9001 certified if the motives for obtaining ISO 9001 certification, and the perceived impacts to be derived from ISO 9001

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

59

Effects of 8-iso-prostaglandin E2 and 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? on the release of noradrenaline from the isolated rat stomach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present experiment, we examined the effect of 8-iso-prostaglandin E2 and 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? on the release of noradrenaline from the isolated rat stomach. The postganglionic sympathetic nerves were electrically stimulated twice at 1 Hz for 1 min and test reagents were added during the second stimulation. 8-Iso-prostaglandin E2 (10?8–10?6 M) and 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? (10?7–10?5 M) dose-dependently reduced the evoked noradrenaline release, and these inhibitory potencies were as follows: 8-iso-prostaglandin E2>8-iso-prostaglandin F2?. The inhibitory effect of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2?, but not 8-iso-prostaglandin E2, was abolished by 10?6 M SQ-29548 ([1S-[1?,2?(Z),3?,4?

Kumiko Nakamura; Shoshiro Okada; Kaori Ono; Kunihiko Yokotani

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Arnaud et al. page 1 Isoprostanes 15-F2t-IsoP and 5-F2t-IsoP are not triggers of myocardial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arnaud et al. page 1 Isoprostanes 15-F2t-IsoP and 5-F2t-IsoP are not triggers of myocardial;32(5-6):350-4" DOI : 10.1111/j.1440-1681.2005.04195.x #12;Arnaud et al. page 2 Isoprostanes 15-F2t-IsoP and 5-F2t-Iso. Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion in humans is associated with increased formation of the isoprostanes 15-F2t-Iso

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Syngas Production from Catalytic Partial Oxidation of n-Butane: Comparison between Incipient Wetness and Sol?gel Prepared Pt/Al2O3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Syngas Production from Catalytic Partial Oxidation of n-Butane: Comparison between Incipient Wetness and Sol?gel Prepared Pt/Al2O3 ... (30, 31) To start the reaction, a Bunsen burner was used to heat the catalyst bed to its ignition temperature. ... for fuel-efficient, lean-burn vehicles, both diesel and spark-ignited. ...

Rainer J. Bass; Timothy M. Dunn; Yu-Chuan Lin; Keith L. Hohn

2008-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

62

Post-accelerator issues at the IsoSpin Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The workshop on ``Post-Accelerator Issues at the Isospin Laboratory`` was held at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory from October 27--29, 1993. It was sponsored by the Center for Beam Physics in the Accelerator and Fusion Research Division and the ISL Studies Group in the Nuclear Science Division. About forty scientists from around the world participated vigorously in this two and a half day workshop, (c.f. Agenda, Appendix D). Following various invited review talks from leading practitioners in the field on the first day, the workshop focussed around two working groups: (1) the Ion Source and Separators working group and (2) the Radio Frequency Quadrupoles and Linacs working group. The workshop closed with the two working groups summarizing and outlining the tasks for the future. This report documents the proceedings of the workshop and includes the invited review talks, the two summary talks from the working groups and individual contributions from the participants. It is a complete assemblage of state-of-the-art thinking on ion sources, low-{beta}, low(q/A) accelerating structures, e.g. linacs and RFQS, isobar separators, phase-space matching, cyclotrons, etc., as relevant to radioactive beam facilities and the IsoSpin Laboratory. We regret to say that while the fascinating topic of superconducting low-velocity accelerator structure was covered by Dr. K. Shepard during the workshop, we can only reproduce the copies of the transparencies of his talk in the Appendix, since no written manuscript was available at the time of publication of this report. The individual report have been catologed separately elsewhere.

Chattopadhyay, S.; Nitschke, J.M. [eds.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

California ISO Renewable Integration Study Mark Rothleder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the needed flexibility capacity. Generation Storage Demand Response Regulation Fast Ramping Frequency generation on operation, including: · Dynamic Transfer · Frequency Response · Distributed Generation to distributed generation and plug-in electric vehicles · Reduced energy revenue to support conventional

McCalley, James D.

64

ISO 50001 for Commercial Buildings: Lessons Learned From U.S. DOE Pilot Project: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the U.S., the ISO 50001 Standard, which establishes energy management systems (EnMSs) and processes, has shown uptake primarily in the industrial sector. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) undertook a pilot program to explore ISO 50001 implementation in commercial buildings. Eight organizations participated as pilots, with technical assistance provided by DOE, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), and the Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech). This paper shares important lessons learned from the pilot. Staff time was the most critical resource required to establish effective EnMSs in commercial buildings. The pilot also revealed that technical support and template/example materials were essential inputs. Crucial activities included evaluating performance, identifying goals, making connections, communicating operational controls, and tracking/reviewing progress. Benefits realized included enhanced intra-organizational connections, greater energy awareness, increased process efficiencies, and improved ability to make business cases. Incremental benefits for ISO 50001 certification were greater accountability, assurance of best practices, public relations opportunities, and potential to unlock verified savings credits or incentive money. Incremental certification costs included more staff/consultant time, money for certification, and a tendency to limit EnMS scope in order to ensure favorable audit results. Five best practices were identified - utilizing expert technical assistance, training, and other resources; focusing on implementation over documentation; keeping top management involved; considering organizational structure when selecting EnMS scope; and matching the implementation level to an EnMS's scope and scale. The last two practices are particularly relevant to the commercial buildings sector.

Deru, M.; Field, K.; Punjabi, S.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Seadrift/UCAR pipelines achieve ISO registration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proper meter station design using gas orifice meters must include consideration of a number of factors to obtain the best accuracy available. This paper reports that Union Carbide's Seadrift/UCAR Pipelines has become the world's first cross-country pipelines to comply with the International Standards Organization's quality criteria for transportation and distribution of ethylene. Carbide's organization in North America and Europe, with 22 of the corporation's businesses having the internationally accepted quality system accredited by a third-party registrar.

Arrieta, J.R.; Byrom, J.A.; Gasko, H.M. (Carbide Corp., Danbury, CT (United States))

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Über Das ISO Norm-Projekt zur Verteilten Transaktionsverarbeitung: Stand und Technische Alternativen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gegen Ende 1986 wurde bei der International Standardization Organization (ISO) in der Arbeitsgruppe TC97/SC21/WG5 ein ... und für das im folgenden das Kürzel “ISO-TP” benutzt wird.

M. W. Austen; J. M. Janas; H. R. Wiehle

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

IMPLEMENTING AN ISO 14001 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM A Case Study of Environmental Training and Awareness at the Vancouver  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPLEMENTING AN ISO 14001 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM A Case Study of Environmental Training an ISO 14001 environmental management system: A case study of environmental training and awareness of limiting environmental damage. Environmental management systems (EMSs), such as ISO 14001, provide

68

Thinking Globally: How ISO 50001 - Energy Management can make industrial energy efficiency standard practice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Industry utilizes very complex systems, consisting of equipment and their human interface, which are organized to meet the production needs of the business. Effective and sustainable energy efficiency programs in an industrial setting require a systems approach to optimize the integrated whole while meeting primary business requirements. Companies that treat energy as a manageable resource and integrate their energy program into their management practices have an organizational context to continually seek opportunities for optimizing their energy use. The purpose of an energy management system standard is to provide guidance for industrial and commercial facilities to integrate energy efficiency into their management practices, including fine-tuning production processes and improving the energy efficiency of industrial systems. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has identified energy management as one of its top five priorities for standards development. The new ISO 50001 will establish an international framework for industrial, commercial, or institutional facilities, or entire companies, to manage their energy, including procurement and use. This standard is expected to achieve major, long-term increases in energy efficiency (20percent or more) in industrial, commercial, and institutional facilities and to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions worldwide.This paper describes the impetus for the international standard, its purpose, scope and significance, and development progress to date. A comparative overview of existing energy management standards is provided, as well as a discussion of capacity-building needs for skilled individuals to assist organizations in adopting the standard. Finally, opportunities and challenges are presented for implementing ISO 50001 in emerging economies and developing countries.

McKane, Aimee; Desai, Deann; Matteini, Marco; Meffert, William; Williams, Robert; Risser, Roland

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

LNG Exports by Vessel in ISO Containers out of the U.S. Form...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Vessel in ISO Containers out of the U.S. Form LNG Exports by Vessel in ISO Containers out of the U.S. Form Excel Version of LNG Exports by Vessel in ISO Container out of the U.S....

70

What it means to be ISO 9000 Certified. By Anthony Nurre, Yusuf Gunaman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contains guidelines for the other four standards. · ISO 9001 is intended for suppliers who do a lot. ISO has come up with 9001, 9002, 9003 etc. to cover different aspects of the business. Figure 1: BriefWhat it means to be ISO 9000 Certified. By Anthony Nurre, Yusuf Gunaman Dennis De-Almeida September

Vardeman, Stephen B.

71

ORISE: Environmental management program earns ISO-14001 registration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Environment Environment At the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE), high value is placed on ensuring that all programmatic and business functions operate in a way that is both safe and environmentally sound. ORISE's environmental management plan also provides a comprehensive framework for making certain that ORISE fulfills its contract with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in an environmentally responsible way. In 2005, ORISE's environmental management plan played a key role in the organization earning ISO-14001 registration-an international standard that governs environmental management at all levels, from training to documentation to day-to-day activities. Only a very small number of DOE contractors earn ISO-14001 registration, and achieving this designation

72

ISO New England, Incorporated Smart Grid Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incorporated Smart Grid Project Incorporated Smart Grid Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead ISO New England, Incorporated Country United States Headquarters Location Holyoke, Massachusetts Additional Benefit Places Connecticut, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont Recovery Act Funding $7993714 Total Project Value $18087427 Coverage Area Coverage Map: ISO New England, Incorporated Smart Grid Project Coordinates 42.2042586°, -72.6162009° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

73

Catalytic partial oxidation of iso-octane over rhodium catalysts: An experimental, modeling, and simulation study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Catalytic partial oxidation of iso-octane over a rhodium/alumina coated honeycomb monolith is experimentally and numerically studied at short-contact times for varying fuel-to-oxygen ratios. A new experimental set-up with well-defined inlet and boundary conditions is presented. The conversion on the catalyst and in the gas-phase is modeled by detailed reaction mechanisms including 857 gas-phase and 17 adsorbed species. Elementary-step based heterogeneous and homogeneous reaction mechanisms are implemented into two-dimensional flow field description of a single monolith channel. Experiment and simulation provide new insights into the complex reaction network leading to varying product distribution as function of fuel-to-oxygen ratio. At fuel rich conditions, the formation of by-products that can serve as coke precursors is observed and interpreted. (author)

Hartmann, M.; Minh, H.D. [Institute for Chemical Technology and Polymer Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany); Maier, L. [Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany); Deutschmann, O. [Institute for Chemical Technology and Polymer Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany); Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

74

Developing life-cycle phases for the DoDAF using ISO15704 Annex A (GERAM)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a development of the US Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DoDAF) based on life-cycle concept of the Generalized Enterprise Reference Architecture and Methodology (GERAM) framework/ISO 15704:2000 requirements. Previous ... Keywords: DoDAF, Enterprise architecture, GERAM, ISO15704, Life-cycle

Kamal Chaharsooghi; Mohammad Ahmadi Achachlouei

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Internet Iso-bar: A Scalable Overlay Distance Monitoring Yan Chen, and Randy H. Katz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

]. Internet Iso-bar is easy to implement and use, and has good scalability and small communicationInternet Iso-bar: A Scalable Overlay Distance Monitoring System Yan Chen, and Randy H. Katz-to-peer overlay routing and location. However, there is a lack of such scalable system with small over- head, good

Chen, Yan

76

Politique Qualit La certification ISO 9001:2008 aura pour objectif de garantir et de  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Politique Qualité La certification ISO 9001:2008 aura pour objectif de garantir et de pérenniser la démarche qualité depuis 2010 selon la norme ISO 9001:2008. Les principaux processus, leurs interfaces et

Brest, Université de

77

La Qualit l'ENSEEIHT Le Systme de Management de la qualit (ISO 9001)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

La Qualité à l'ENSEEIHT Le Système de Management de la qualité (ISO 9001) En 3 mots : le Système de Management de la qualité (ISO 9001) - Le SMQ c'est : * Réaliser = Procédures, réaliser les activités (selon

Grigoras, .Romulus

78

Water in Emission in the ISO Spectrum of the Early M Supergiant Star mu Cephei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a detection of water in emission in the spectrum of the M2 supergiant atar mu Cep (M2Ia) observed by the Short Wavelength Spectrometer (SWS) aboard Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) and now released as the ISO Archives. The emission first appears in the 6 micron region (nu2 fundamental) and then in the 40 micron region (pure rotation lines) despite the rather strong dust emission. The intensity ratios of the emission features are far from those of the optically thin gaseous emission. Instead, we could reproduce the major observed emission features by an optically thick water sphere of the inner radius about two stellar radii (1300Rsun), Tex = 1500K, and Ncol (H2O) = 3.0E+20/cm2. This model also accounts for the H2O absorption bands in the near infrared (1.4, 1.9, and 2.7 micron) as well. The detection of water in emission provides strong constraints on the nature of water in the early M supergiant stars, and especially its origin in the outer atmosphere is confirmed against other models such as the large convective cell model. We finally confirm that the early M supergiant star is surrounded by a huge optically thick sphere of the warm water vapor, which may be referred to as MOLsphere for simplicity. Thus, the outer atmosphere of M supergiant stars should have a complicated hierarchical and/or hybrid structure with at least three major constituents including the warm MOLsphere (T about 1.0E+3K) together with the previously known hot chromosphere (T about 1.0E+4K) and cool expanding gas-dust envelope (T about 1.0E+2K).

T. Tsuji

2000-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

79

Establishing Equivalence for Microbial-Growth-Inhibitory Effects (“Iso-Hurdle Rules”) by Analyzing Disparate Listeria monocytogenes Data with a Gamma-Type Predictive Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Microbial-Growth-Inhibitory Effects (Iso-Hurdle Rules) by Analyzing Disparate...other in terms of their inhibitory effect (iso-hurdle). We present here a methodology for establishing microbial iso-hurdle rules in three steps: (i) developing...

Laure Pujol; Denis Kan-King-Yu; Yvan Le Marc; Moira D. Johnston; Florence Rama-Heuzard; Sandrine Guillou; Peter McClure; Jeanne-Marie Membré

2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

80

Operation of the ISO-DALT system: Seventh edition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ISO-DALT system of two-dimensional electrophoresis was developed as a series of modifications of the original technique of O'Farrell. We have written a series of recipes and more detailed laboratory procedures that incorporate refinements and ''tricks of the trade'' as they have developed during our use of the system. The present collection is the seventh version in this series and represents the state of art as of May 1984. The seventh edition has been prepared to incorporate the changes that we have found helpful, as well as to add a few new sections such as silver staining, transfer gels, ACIDOs, and BASOs. Although these directions are specific for our laboratory, we hope that they will be helpful in other laboratories as well. Although some disagreement still exists, we recommend that gel patterns be oriented with acid isoelectric points (pIs) to the left and high sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) molecular weights at the top. This results in a system of pI and molecular weight values that run according to the Cartesian convention and facilitates the use of the charge and molecular weight standards described herein. 67 refs., 14 figs.

Tollaksen, S.L.; Anderson, N.L.; Anderson, N.G.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

SEP and ISO 50001 at 3M Canada’s Brockville Plant  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation by 3M Canada discusses their successes implementing an ISO 50001 Energy Management System and participating in the Superior Energy Performance® (SEP™) program at their Brockville, Ontario Tape Manufacturing facility.

82

Die ISO-Transaktionsverarbeitung als Grundlage für den Nachrichtenaustausch in Verteiltem PEARL  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Der ISO-TP-Dienst ist nur funktional festgelegt und damit ... Botschaftskonzeptes von Verteiltem PEARL wurde eine Sprachschnittstelle für TP geschaffen, die das Prozeßkonzept von PEARL für ... und die Verarbeitun...

Gabriele Dobler; Ulrich Bohnert…

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

MinISO: A Minimal Independent System Operator Pravin Varaiya and Felix Wu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

maintenance, service quality assurance, and promotion of economic e ciency and equity. To achieve these objectives the ISO may be au- thorized to set the rules for transactions between sup- pliers and consumers

84

Thermal stability of working fluids for organic Rankine cycles: An improved survey method and experimental results for cyclopentane, isopentane and n-butane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this work we present an improved survey method for the evaluation of the thermal stability of working fluids for organic Rankine cycles. The method presented here represents an improvement of a test methodology already used in literature, based on the analysis of temperature and pressure measurements of a fluid subjected to increasing thermal stress temperatures. Compared to the already known methodology, the survey technique presented in this work offers a different evaluation of the measured vapor pressure deviations and a different estimation method of the decomposition rates. After the description of the experimental apparatus and of the test methodology, we present and discuss some experimental results of the thermal stability of three fluids of interest for organic Rankine cycle applications, namely Cyclopentane, Isopentane and n-Butane, in the temperature range between 220 °C and 350 °C.

Marco Pasetti; Costante M. Invernizzi; Paolo Iora

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Host cells and methods for producing 3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol, 3-methyl-3-buten-1-ol, and 3-methyl-butan-1-ol  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides for a method for producing a 5-carbon alcohol in a genetically modified host cell. In one embodiment, the method comprises culturing a genetically modified host cell which expresses a first enzyme capable of catalyzing the dephosphorylation of an isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) or dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP), such as a Bacillus subtilis phosphatase (YhfR), under a suitable condition so that 5-carbon alcohol is 3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol and/or 3-methyl-3-buten-1-ol is produced. Optionally, the host cell may further comprise a second enzyme capable of reducing a 3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol to 3-methyl-butan-1-ol, such as a reductase.

Chou, Howard H. (Berkeley, CA); Keasling, Jay D. (Berkeley, CA)

2011-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

86

Partial miscibility behavior of the ternary systems methane-propane-n-octane, methane-n-butane-n-octane, and methane-carbon dioxide-n-octane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The phase behavior of three ternary systems (methane-propane-n-octane, methane-n-butane-n-octane, methane-carbon dioxide-n-octane) was studied in their regions of L/sub 1/-L/sub 2/-V immiscibility. Liquid-phase composition and molar volume data for both liquid phases are presented as a function of temperature and pressure in the three-phase region. The boundaries of the three-phase regions, locl of K points (L/sub 1/-L/sub 2/ = V), LCST points (L/sub 1/ = L/sub 2/-V), and Q points (S-L/sub 1/-L/sub 2/-V) are detailed. A detailed study of the immiscibility behavior of the binary system carbon dioxide-n-octane is also presented.

Hottovy, J.D.; Kohn, J.P.; Luks, K.D.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Multi-Use List for the provision of goods and services for the Australian Bureau of Meteorology for AS/NZS ISO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for AS/NZS ISO 9001 Quality Management System Training and Professional Services. Reference Number: MUL

Greenslade, Diana

88

34 ISO Management Systems July-August 2004 I N T E R N A T I O N A L  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

:2004, Software engineering ­ Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001: 2000 to computer software, is a new ISO to implement the highly successful ISO 9001:2000 process approach in a software environment. The publication/TC 176, disagreed with the structure of ISO 9001:1987 because it did not reflect a software life cycle

Suryn, Witold

89

Pump apparatus including deconsolidator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A pump apparatus includes a particulate pump that defines a passage that extends from an inlet to an outlet. A duct is in flow communication with the outlet. The duct includes a deconsolidator configured to fragment particle agglomerates received from the passage.

Sonwane, Chandrashekhar; Saunders, Timothy; Fitzsimmons, Mark Andrew

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

90

A complex chemical kinetic mechanism for the oxidation of gasoline surrogate fuels: n heptane, iso octane and toluene - Mechanism development and validation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The development and validation against experimental results of a new gasoline surrogate complex kinetic mechanism is presented in this paper. The surrogate fuel is a ternary mixture of n heptane, iso octane and toluene. The full three components mechanism is based on existing n heptane/iso octane (gasoline PRF) and toluene mechanisms which were modified and coupled for the purpose of this work. Mechanism results are compared against available experimental data from the literature. Simulations with the PRF plus toluene mechanism show that its behavior is in agreement with experimental results for most of the tested settings. These include a wide variety of thermodynamic conditions and fuel proportions in experimental configurations such as HCCI engine experiments, rapid compression machines, a shock tube and a jet stirred reactor.

Da Cruz, A Pires; Anderlohr, Jörg; Bounaceur, Roda; Battin-Leclerc, Frédérique

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Follow-Up Near-infrared Spectroscopy of Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxies observed by ISO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present low resolution near-infrared spectroscopy of an unbiased sample of 24 ultraluminous infrared galaxies (ULIRGs), selected from samples previously observed spectroscopically in the mid-infrared with the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO). Qualitatively, the near-infrared spectra resemble those of starbursts. Only in one ULIRG, IRAS 04114-5117E, do we find spectroscopic evidence for AGN activity. The spectroscopic classification in the near-infrared is in very good agreement with the mid-infrared one. For a subset of our sample for which extinction corrections can be derived from Pa-alpha and Br-gamma, we find rather high Pa-alpha luminosities, in accordance with the powering source of these galaxies being star formation.[Fe] emission is strong in ULIRGs and may be linked to starburst and superwind activity. Additionally, our sample includes two unusual objects. The first, IRAS F00183-7111, exhibits extreme [Fe] emission and the second, IRAS F23578-5307, is according to our knowledge one of the most luminous infrared galaxies in H2 rotation-vibration emission.

H. Dannerbauer; D. Rigopoulou; D. Lutz; R. Genzel; E. Sturm; A. F. M. Moorwood

2005-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

92

Solution Structure of Oxidized Saccharomyces cerevisiae Iso-1-cytochrome c,  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

DIANA calculations, including the use of the redundant angle strategy routine (REDAC) (Güntert & Wüthrich, 1991), were performed. ...

Lucia Banci; Ivano Bertini; Kara L. Bren; Harry B. Gray; Pornthep Sompornpisut; Paola Turano

1997-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

93

Effect of the isoprostanes, 8-iso prostaglandin E2 and 8-iso prostaglandin F2? on the rabbit lung in vivo  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

8-Iso-prostaglandin (PG)E2 and 8-iso-PGF2? are members of the isoprostane class of prostanoids which are formed by free radical mediated oxidation of arachidonic acid. Both E2- and F2-isoprostanes are potent vasoconstrictors and are believed to act through the prostanoid TP-receptors or a closely related receptor. In lightly anaesthetised, spontaneously breathing rabbits, aerosolised administration of histamine ( (1.25–40 mg ml?1, n = 8) caused a modest dose-dependent increase in total lung resistance (RL) and a concomitant fall in dynamic lung compliance (CL dyn). Aerosolised methacholine (0.625 – 20 mg ml?1, n = 6) caused considerable bronchoconstriction, with a dose-dependent increase in RL, and a corresponding fall in CL dyn. In contrast, intratracheal administration of either 8-iso PGE2 or 8-iso-PGF2? (1ng ml?1, ? 100?g ml?1, n = 8) had no significant effect on lung function. The TP-receptor agonist, U-46619, was similarly inactive in this model when given by aerosol. Intravenous administration of histamine or 8-iso PGF2?, had no significant effect on the lung indices, RL and CL dyn, or on the pulmonary and systemic vasculature (n = 4 per drug group). 8-Iso PGE2 caused a concentration-dependent decrease in the right ventricular systolic pressure from 3 nmol kg?1 to 100 nmol kg?1 (n = 4, p < 0.05), but showed no other activity. In contrast, U-46619 given intravenously caused an increase in transpulmonary pressure (n = 4, p < 0.05), but had no effect on airflow. At higher doses, it did cause a significant drop in both systemic and right ventricular systolic pressures (n = 4, p < 0.05), which were probably due to an interaction with platelets. The isoprostanes had no effect on the rabbit airway up to a concentration of 3?M. In contrast, 3?M U-46619 caused a modest contraction of tracheal smooth muscle, whilst 3?M methacholine was at least five-fold more potent in contracting the same tissues. We conclude that the aerosolised isoprostanes are not broncho-constriciting agents in the rabbit in vivo.

Anthony A. Hill; Robert A. Coleman; Graham W. Taylor; Kevin P. Moore; Ian K. Taylor

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

ANSI X3H2-97-010 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL MAD-245  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANSI X3H2-97-010 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL MAD-245 I S O INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION and A. Steiner. Adding Valid Time to SQL Temporal. 1996. ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL MAD-146r2, ANSI X3H2 Temporal. 1996. ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL MAD-147r2, ANSI X3H2-96-502r1. 6 Snodgrass, R.T., Addendum

Snodgrass, Richard T.

95

Wide-Area Energy Storage and Management system to Balance Intermittent Resources in the Bonneville Power Administration and California ISO Control Areas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The entire project addresses the issue of mitigating additional intermittency and fast ramps that occur at higher penetration of intermittent resources, including wind genera-tion, in the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the California Independent Sys-tem Operator (California ISO) control areas. The proposed Wide Area Energy Storage and Management System (WAEMS) will address the additional regulation requirement through the energy exchange between the participating control areas and through the use of energy storage and other generation resources. For the BPA and California ISO control centers, the new regulation service will look no different comparing with the traditional regulation resources. The proposed project will benefit the regulation service in these service areas, regardless of the actual degree of penetration of the intermittent resources in the regions. The project develops principles, algorithms, market integration rules, functional de-sign and technical specifications for the WAEMS system. The project is sponsored by BPA and supported in kind by California ISO, Beacon Power Corporation, and the Cali-fornia Energy Commission (CEC).

Makarov, Yuri V.; Yang, Bo; DeSteese, John G.; Lu, Shuai; Miller, Carl H.; Nyeng, Preben; Ma, Jian; Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Vishwanathan, Vilanyur V.

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

96

Phase behavior of carbon dioxide in admixture with n-butane, n-decane, n-butylcyclohexane, and n-butylbenzene at 344 K and approximately 9600 kPa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bubble point pressure data were acquired at 344 K and about 9600 kPa on ternary mixtures of carbon dioxide and n-butane with paraffinic (n-decane), naphthenic (n-butylcyclohexane), and aromatic (n-butylbenzene) compounds to determine what effect differences in compound type might have on carbon dioxide-hydrocarbon miscibility of such systems. The data on carbon dioxide-n-butane-n-decane, when compared with those from the literature, showed good agreement. This suggests that the remaining data reported here are reliable. The data were regressed by using the Soave-Redlich-Kwong equation of state to determine interaction coefficient sets for phase behavior prediction. These sets of interaction coefficients were used to calculate carbon dioxide-hydrocarbon miscibility. No significant difference in miscibility was found as the heavy hydrocarbon compound was changed from paraffinic to naphthenic to aromatic type.

Cramer, H.C.; Swift, G.W.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

DOE Congestion Workshop, San Diego, December 15, 2011 Comments from California ISO  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Workshop, San Diego, December 15, 2011 Comments from California ISO Workshop, San Diego, December 15, 2011 Comments from California ISO U.S. Department of Energy National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshop San Diego, December 15, 2011 Questions from DOE and Comments from the California ISO Panelists have been asked to address the following questions, with emphasis as each panelist deems appropriate: 1) In its 2009 Congestion Study, DOE found that Southern California constitutes a Critical Congestion Area, that the Portland-Seattle region and the San Francisco Bay Area were congestion areas of concern, and that the Phoenix-Tucson area was no longer a congestion area of concern. The study also identified parts of the West with rich

98

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prices and ~12% used avoided costs (i.e. these includeN = 63 n E u> • Other • Avoided Costs • Energy Price o i_ oindicated that the avoided cost of a peaking unit was used

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Bimetallic Ni-Rh catalysts with low amounts of Rh for the steam and autothermal reforming of n-butane for fuel-cell applications.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mono-metallic nickel and rhodium catalysts and bimetallic Ni-Rh catalysts supported on La-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, CeZrO{sub 2} and CeMgOx were prepared and evaluated for catalyzing the steam and autothermal reforming of n-butane. The binary Ni-Rh supported on La-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalysts with low weight loading of rhodium exhibited higher H{sub 2} yields than Ni or Rh alone. The Ni-Rh/CeZrO{sub 2} catalyst exhibited higher performance and no coke formation, compared to the same metals on other supports. A NiAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinel phase was obtained on all Ni and Ni-Rh catalysts supported on La-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. The presence of rhodium stabilized the spinel phase as well as NiOx species upon reforming while Ni alone was mostly reduced into metallic species. Extended X-ray absorption fine-structure analysis showed evidence of Ni-Rh alloy during preparation and even further after an accelerated aging at 900C in a H{sub 2}/H{sub 2}O atmosphere.

Ferrandon, M.; Kropf, A. J.; Krause, T.; Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

100

A systematic evaluation of the C4ISR AF using ISO15704 Annex A (GERAM)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an analytical mapping of the US Department of Defence (DoD) Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) AF onto the Generalised Enterprise Reference Architecture and Methodology ... Keywords: C4ISR, Enterprise architecture, GERAM, ISO15704, Life cycle, Life history, Modelling framework, Reference models

Ovidiu Noran

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

FORMAL MODELS OF QUALITY AND ISO 9000 COMPLIANCE: AN INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPROACH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FORMAL MODELS OF QUALITY AND ISO 9000 COMPLIANCE: AN INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPROACH Henry M. Kim & Mark S. Fox Department of Industrial Engineering University of Toronto 4 Taddle Creek Road Toronto about quality. The body of knowledge thus formalized is structured into: TOVE Quality Ontology

Fox, Mark S.

102

CODE QUALITY EVALUATION METHODOLOGY USING THE ISO/IEC 9126 STANDARD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Software Engineering ­ Product Quality Standard assesses a system's internal and external quality, as wellCODE QUALITY EVALUATION METHODOLOGY USING THE ISO/IEC 9126 STANDARD Yiannis Kanellopoulos1 , Panos@gmail.com 2 Dept. of Computer Engineering and Informatics, University Of Patras, Greece {adonel

Tjortjis, Christos

103

ESDIS_ISO Trng_Nov2010.docx Management System Training  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESDIS_ISO Trng_Nov2010.docx Management System Training ESDIS Project (November 2010) The Goddard Quality Manual and supporting directives and procedures identify the Management System (MS) process and their application throughout GSFC. All organizational elements of GSFC shall conform to the Management System. (Note

Christian, Eric

104

ISO launches a project committee to develop an International Standard for energy management  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

American National Standards Institute (ANSI) approved the formation of a U.S. Technical Advisory Group (US TAG) to the ISO Project Committee 242. The TAG is a mechanism for identifying issues and developing national consensus regarding energy management. Read this announcement for more details about the group's charge and how to participate.

105

ISO 50001 versus Superior Energy Performance: Making Sense of Each for your Situation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the ISO 50001 energy management system international standard as well as in the ISOrelated, US Department of Energy-developed Superior Energy Performance (SEP) program. For the past several years, EnerNOC, NRDC and SES have contributed to the creation...

Gilless, D.; Goldstein, D.; Skees-Gregory, D.; Brown, K.; Holmes, L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Iso-splatting: A Point-based Alternative to Isosurface Visualization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to a fuel injection data set. The crucial difference between our approach and "standard" polygon- basedIso-splatting: A Point-based Alternative to Isosurface Visualization Christopher S. Co Bernd Hamann Kenneth I. Joy Center for Image Processing and Integrated Computing (CIPIC) Department of Computer Science

Hamann, Bernd

107

ANSI X3H295486 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL LHR?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANSI X3H2­95­486 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL LHR­? I S O INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION: ANSI Expert's Contribution Author: Richard T. Snodgrass Abstract: This change proposal addresses assignment rules for datetimes LHR­046 9 Response to LHR­043 ANSI X3H2­95­487 10 The TSQL2 Temporal Query

Snodgrass, Richard T.

108

CONGESTION IN THE ISO-NE ELECTRICITY MARKETS ANNA BARBARA IHRIG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONGESTION IN THE ISO-NE ELECTRICITY MARKETS BY ANNA BARBARA IHRIG THESIS Advisor: Prof. George Gross Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of "Diplom-Wirtschaftsingenieur, technische Fachrichtung Elektrotechnik" at Darmstadt University of Technology, Germany. G. Gross Thesis

Gross, George

109

ISO 14000 drives Intranet strategies to establish a competitive edge in EHS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The introduction of ISO 14001 in September 1996 created awareness within major corporations that the environmental aspects of their business need to be organized and managed similarly to other aspects of their business. Companies are actively reviewing their existing environmental management systems and implementing changes with the goal of becoming ISO ready or even certified to the ISO 14001 EMS standard. The decision on whether or not to pursue certification is based on market and competitive issues, and often is not mandated by corporate, but left to the various operating units to decide whether it is in their best interest to pursue certification. However, the move to review current EMSs and redesign them as necessary to be consistent with the ISO 14001 standard is wide spread within corporate America. This trend will also have a significant effect on the computerized systems in use today for managing environmental and health and safety issues. One of the more popular approaches being implemented by many US based corporations is an Intranet-based web site. This paper reviews some of the EHS information management trends and suggests the elements of a web based technology strategy that will position a corporation to take advantage of the cost savings potential of Internet technologies.

Gurnham, B.E.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

The European Large Area ISO Survey – VIII. 90-?m final analysis and source counts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......see the ISOPHOT Handbook by Laureijs et al...errors (the position calculations were done in the...source catalogues and does not need any assumption...is available in electronic format at . 1 ELAIS...available to us in electronic version. We are...12623-28, The ISO Handbook Vol. IV - PHT......

Ph. Héraudeau; S. Oliver; C. Del Burgo; C. Kiss; M. Stickel; T. Mueller; M. Rowan-Robinson; A. Efstathiou; C. Surace; L. V. Tóth; S. Serjeant; D. M. Alexander; A. Franceschini; D. Lemke; T. Morel; I. Pérez-Fournon; J.-L. Puget; D. Rigopoulou; B. Rocca-Volmerange; A. Verma

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

When Is a Beer Not a Beer: Iso-?-Acids Not Necessarily Proof of Ethanol Consumption?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......oup.com October 2014 letter Letter to the Editor When Is a Beer Not a Beer: Iso-alpha-Acids Not Necessarily Proof of Ethanol Consumption? Peter D. Maskell 1 * Paul S. Hughes 2 Dawn L. Maskell 3 * Author to whom correspondence should be addressed......

Peter D. Maskell; Paul S. Hughes; Dawn L. Maskell

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Energy Results of ISO 50001 Deployment by Program Administrators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the standard at a facility level, so they can learn and expand. As of March 31, 2013, 1522 companies worldwide had completed certification at 2422 sites in 58 countries1. 23 firms in North America are fully certified in at least one location, including 3M... on Environmental Management, at Germany?s Federal Environment Agency (Umweltbundesamt). ESL-IE-13-05-12 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 and a half; one key finding was that 6 out of 7...

Brown, K.; Gilless, C.; Milward, R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-298 ISO New England Inc.: Federal Register Notice Volume 69, No. 218- Nov. 12, 2004  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Application from ISO New England Inc. to export electric energy to Canada. Federal Register Notice Vol 69 No 218

114

Net Interchange Schedule Forecasting of Electric Power Exchange for RTO/ISOs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neighboring independent system operators (ISOs) exchange electric power to enable efficient and reliable operation of the grid. Net interchange (NI) schedule is the sum of the transactions (in MW) between an ISO and its neighbors. Effective forecasting of the amount of actual NI can improve grid operation efficiency. This paper presents results of a preliminary investigation into various methods of prediction that may result in improved prediction accuracy. The methods studied are linear regression, forward regression, stepwise regression, and support vector machine (SVM) regression. The work to date is not yet conclusive. The hope is to explore the effectiveness of other prediction methods and apply all methods to at least one new data set. This should enable more confidence in the conclusions.

Ferryman, Thomas A.; Haglin, David J.; Vlachopoulou, Maria; Yin, Jian; Shen, Chao; Tuffner, Francis K.; Lin, Guang; Zhou, Ning; Tong, Jianzhong

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

115

Initial and Continuous Commissioning of Building Automation and Control Systems (BACS) -Preview EN ISO 16484-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations - ICEBO?08 Conference Center of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology Berlin, October 20 - 22, 2008 Dipl.-Ing. Hans R. Kranz VDI HAK Consulting Enzstrasse 10 76694... Forst 0 04 91 72/ 2 92 60 21 hans@kranz.com INITIAL AND CONTINUOUS COMMISSIONING OF BUILDING AUTOMATION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS (BACS) - PREVIEW EN ISO 16484 - Did you ever think about: ?why are our buildings so dumb?? The simple answer might be...

Kranz, H. R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

ANSI X3H295487 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL LHR?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANSI X3H2­95­487 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL LHR­? I S O INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION Status: ANSI Expert's Contribution Title: Response to LHR­043, ``Fixing possible problems in SQL­042 7 Fixing some possible problems in SQL/T LHR­043 8 Response to LHR­042 ANSI X3H2­95­486 9 The TSQL

Snodgrass, Richard T.

117

Performance and monitoring of a new nonoxidizing biocide: The study of BNPD/ISO and ATP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A bromo,nitropropanediol/isothiazolone blend (BNPD/ISO) was evaluated in an industrial cooling system to assess its performance and potential as an alternative to the oxidizing biocide program (gaseous chlorine) currently in use. Finding effective alternatives to gaseous chlorine is important because of safety and handling issues. Furthermore, chlorine has the associated problems of increasing cooling water corrosion rates, degradation of wood cooling structures, impaired efficacy at high pH, and sensitivity to organics and reducing agents in the water. The goals of this study were two-fold: First, to determine whether BNPD/ISO could be used as a chlorine alternative in an industrial system with equal or better performance at economically viable use levels; Second, to develop rapid, effective monitoring for nonoxidizing biocides in this system that would maximize useful application information without consuming large quantities of time and effort. The BNPD/ISO blend controlled the planktonic and sessile microbes in the cooling system. The solution to monitoring nonoxidizing biocides was determined to be ATP technology. ATP monitoring methodology was compared to standard microbiological field monitoring methods. ATP monitoring provided real-time data and was found to be an excellent monitor of nonoxidizing biocide efficacy. ATP methodology performed equally well in the presence of chlorine. Results of the effects of biocide on microbes were obtained within one hour after feeding the biocide. The total time needed to process the samples and obtain results was less than ten minutes. Field application data and results are discussed.

Kleina, L.G.; Czechowski, M.H.; Clavin, J.S.; Whitekettle, W.K. [BetzDearborn Water Management Group, Trevose, PA (United States); Ascolese, C.R. [BetzDearborn Water Management Group, Horsham, PA (United States)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

ANSI X3H2-96-582 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL MAD-203  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANSI X3H2-96-582 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL MAD-203 I S O INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION: Change Proposal Title: Addendum to Valid- and Transaction-time Proposals Source: ANSI Expert. Steiner Adding Valid Time to SQL Temporal, ANSI X3H2-96-501r2, ISO IEC JTC 1 SC 21 WG 3 DBL-MAD-146r2

Snodgrass, Richard T.

119

ANSI X3H296264r1 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL MCI144  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANSI X3H2­96­264r1 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL MCI­144 I S O INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION Queries in the US and UK Proposals Source: ANSI Expert's Contribution Authors: Richard T. Snodgrass. (ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL MCI­99, ANSI X3H2­96­013r1.) [3] Snodgrass, R. T., M. H. B¨ohlen, C. S

Snodgrass, Richard T.

120

ANSI X3H296582 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL MAD203  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANSI X3H2­96­582 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL MAD­203 I S O INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION: Change Proposal Title: Addendum to Valid­ and Transaction­time Proposals Source: ANSI Expert and A. Steiner Adding Valid Time to SQL/Temporal, ANSI X3H2­96­501r2, ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 21/WG 3 DBL

Snodgrass, Richard T.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A study of the radical-radical reaction dynamics of O({sup 3}P)+t-C{sub 4}H{sub 9}{yields}OH+iso-C{sub 4}H{sub 8}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The radical-radical reaction dynamics of ground-state atomic oxygen [O({sup 3}P)] with t-butyl radicals (t-C{sub 4}H{sub 9}) in the gas phase were investigated using high-resolution laser spectroscopy in a crossed-beam configuration, together with ab initio theoretical calculations. The radical reactants, O({sup 3}P) and t-C{sub 4}H{sub 9}, were produced by the photodissociation of NO{sub 2} and the supersonic flash pyrolysis of the precursor, azo-t-butane, respectively. A new exothermic channel, O({sup 3}P)+t-C{sub 4}H{sub 9}{yields}OH+iso-C{sub 4}H{sub 8}, was identified and the nascent rovibrational distributions of the OH (X {sup 2}{pi}:{upsilon}{sup ''}=0,1,2) products were examined. The population analyses for the two spin-orbit states of F{sub 1}({sup 2}{pi}{sub 3/2}) and F{sub 2}({sup 2}{pi}{sub 1/2}) showed that the {upsilon}{sup ''}=0 level is described by a bimodal feature composed of low- and high-N{sup ''} rotational components, whereas the {upsilon}{sup ''}=1 and 2 levels exhibit unimodal distributions. No noticeable spin-orbit or {lambda}-doublet propensities were observed in any vibrational state. The partitioning ratio of the vibrational populations (P{sub {upsilon}{sup ''}}) with respect to the low-N{sup ''} components of the {upsilon}{sup ''}=0 level was estimated to be P{sub 0}:P{sub 1}:P{sub 2}=1:1.17{+-}0.24:1.40{+-}0.11, indicating that the nascent internal distributions are highly excited. On the basis of the comparison of the experimental results with the statistical theory, the reaction mechanism at the molecular level can be described in terms of two competing dynamic pathways: the major, direct abstraction process leading to the inversion of the vibrational populations, and the minor, short-lived addition-complex process responsible for the hot rotational distributions. After considering the reaction exothermicity, the barrier height, and the number of intermediates along the addition reaction pathways on the lowest doublet potential energy surface, the formation of CH{sub 3}COCH{sub 3}(acetone)+CH{sub 3} was predicted to be dominant in the addition mechanism.

Nam, Mi-Ja; Youn, Sung-Eui; Choi, Jong-Ho [Department of Chemistry and Center for Electro and Photo Responsive Molecules, Korea University, 1, Anam-dong, Seoul 136-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

122

Lessons Learned: Guidance based on Early Experiences of Implementing ISO 5001 and SEP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Background ESL-IE-14-05-25 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 ISO 50001/SEP Experiences http://www.energymanagertoday.com/why-are-certain-countries-stronger-in-energy...- management-086920/ ESL-IE-14-05-25 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 European Research Projects ESL-IE-14-05-25 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New...

Monaghan, P. F.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

An experience in using EDT to process the ISO transaction processing estelle specification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the hindrances to the adoption of the uses of Formal Description Techniques (FDTs) in the computer and communications industries is the nonavailability of standardized formal specification of protocol. The Transaction Processing (TP) Draft International Standard (DIS) published in 1990 was probably the first protocol that has been specified both in LOTOS and Estelle by ISO. The Estelle specification was big in size with about 8000 lines of codes. However, even with the availability of this standardized formal specification, its usefulness is limited unless there is a computer tool that supports its use for protocol development. This article describes the experience in using the Estelle Development Toolset (EDT) to compile, to generate C codes from, and to simulate the TP DIS Estelle specification. It aims to provide developers with some pointers to the potential difficulties and successes of protocol development of an ISO standardized formal specification using a computer tool. One of the ways to help industrialize the uses of \\{FDTs\\} is by having more reports on uses of standardized formal specifications. With the lessons learned from this work, this article also attempts to encourage wider industrial uses of \\{FDTs\\} and standardized formal specification for protocol development.

R. Lai

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Reaction of Cp*(CO)2ReRe(CO)2Cp* with Dimethyl Acetylenedicarboxylate Produces a 3,4-Dimetallacyclobutene Which Undergoes Photochemical Isomerization to a 2,4-Dimetallabicyclo[1.1.0]butane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reaction of Cp*(CO)2ReRe(CO)2Cp* with Dimethyl Acetylenedicarboxylate Produces a 3,4-Dimetallacyclobutene Which Undergoes Photochemical Isomerization to a 2,4-Dimetallabicyclo[1.1.0]butane ... The reaction of Cp*(CO)2ReRe(CO)2Cp* (1) with dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate (DMAD) produced the 3,4-dimetallacyclobutene Cp*(CO)2Re(?-?1,?1-CH3O2CCCCO2CH3)Re(CO)2Cp* (2). ... Photochemical rearrangement of 2 produced Cp*(CO)2Re(?-?2,?2-CH3O2CC?CCO2CH3)Re(CO)2Cp* (3), in which both Cp*(CO)2Re units are coordinated to the alkyne. ...

Charles P. Casey; Ronald S. Cariño; Randy K. Hayashi; Kurt D. Schladetzky

1996-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

125

Composite repair of pipelines, considering the effect of live pressure-analytical and numerical models with respect to ISO/TS 24817 and ASME PCC-2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wrapping composite material around the defected pipe is a recent method in pipeline rehabilitation. ISO-24817 and ASME PCC-2 are the only available design codes for the design of this repair system. For the case when the corroded pipe contributes to the load carrying capacity, the two codes suggest calculating the repair thickness for a special design pressure based on the pipe diameter, remaining wall thickness, pipe and composite material properties, composite allowable strain, and the live pressure, which is the internal pressure in the pipe at the time of repair application. In this study, a range of design scenarios are modelled using analytical equations and finite element method in order to assess the validity of including live pressure in the design. Results indicate that the repair thickness is independent of the live pressure and hence an appropriate modification is proposed to the existing design equation.

Nariman Saeed; Hamid Ronagh; Amandeep Virk

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Meals included in Conference Registrations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meals included in Conference Registrations Meals included as part of the cost of a conference the most reasonable rates are obtained. Deluxe hotels and motels should be avoided. GSA rates have been for Georgia high cost areas. 75% of these amounts would be $21 for non- high cost areas and $27 for high cost

Arnold, Jonathan

127

ANSI X3H297010 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL MAD245  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANSI X3H2­97­010 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL MAD­245 I S O INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION/SC21/WG3 DBL MAD­146r2, ANSI X3H2­96­501r2.) [5] Snodgrass, R. T., M. H. B¨ohlen, C. S. Jensen and A. Steiner. Adding Transaction Time to SQL/Temporal. 1996. (ISO/IEC JTC1/SC21/WG3 DBL MAD­147r2, ANSI X3H2

Snodgrass, Richard T.

128

ISO/IEC/NIST/OECD Workshop: FINAL REPORT June 2008, Gaithersburg, Maryland  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IEC/NIST/OECD Workshop: FINAL REPORT June 2008 IEC/NIST/OECD Workshop: FINAL REPORT June 2008 ISO, IEC, NIST and OECD International workshop on documentary standards for measurement and characterization for nanotechnologies NIST, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA 26 - 28 February 2008 1. Summary of main conclusions and recommendations 1.1 In order to enhance the development, efficacy, harmonization and uptake of documentary standards broadly relevant to the field of measurement and characterization for nanotechnologies, there is a pressing need for: * Greater communication and coordination within and between the various standards development organizations and with interested metrology institutes; * The development of a centralized, maintained, searchable and freely accessible repository of information on existing standards and standardization

129

Superior Energy Performance: Getting the Most Value from ISO 50001-Energy Management Systems  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Superior Energy Performance Superior Energy Performance cm : Getting the Most Value from ISO 50001- Energy Management Systems US Department of Energy Advanced Manufacturing Office March 13, 2012 Aimee McKane Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 2 | Industrial Energy Efficiency eere.energy.gov * Time and again, industrial energy efficiency has been demonstrated to be cost effective while having a positive effect on productivity * Despite this, energy efficiency improvements with very favorable payback periods often do not get implemented * Even projects that are implemented may not be sustained due to lack of supportive operational and maintenance practices Problem: Energy efficiency is not integrated into daily management practices. Solution: Staff at all levels within an organization need to be

130

ISO test method to determine sustained-load-cracking resistance of aluminium cylinders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Leak as well as rupture types of failures related to sustained-load-cracking (SLC) have been observed in high-pressure gas cylinders fabricated from certain aluminium alloy. The stable crack growth mechanism observed primarily in the cylinder neck and shoulder area have been identified as the SLC mechanism occurring at room temperature without any environmental effect. The International Organization for standardization (ISO) Sub-Committee 3, Working Group 16 has developed a test method to measure the SLC resistance using fracture mechanics specimens along with an acceptance criterion for aluminium cylinders. The technical rationale for the proposed test method and the physical significance of the acceptance criterion to the cylinder performance in terms of critical stress-crack size relationship is presented. Application of the developed test method for characterizing new aluminium alloy for manufacturing cylinders is demonstrated. SLC characteristics of several aluminium cylinders as well as on-board cylinders for natural gas vehicles assessed by the authors are discussed.

Bhuyan, G.S. [Powertech Labs. Inc., Surrey, British Columbia (Canada); Rana, M.D. [Praxair, Inc., Tonawanda, NY (United States)

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

System-of-systems iso-performance search to inform multi-actor policymaking to reduce aviation life cycle carbon emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a system-of-systems formalism for modeling and analyzing multi-actor policymaking to achieve a global system objective. In contrast to a single optimal solution that aggregates objectives of actors, the concept of iso-performance ... Keywords: aviation life cycle emissions, iso-performance, multi-actor policymaking, system-of-systems

Datu B. Agusdinata; Daniel A. DeLaurentis

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

P2Q2Iso2D = 2D ISOPARAMETRIC FEM IN MATLAB S. BARTELS, C. CARSTENSEN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P2Q2Iso2D = 2D ISOPARAMETRIC FEM IN MATLAB S. BARTELS, C. CARSTENSEN , AND A. HECHT Abstract. A short Matlab implementation realizes a flexible isoparametric finite element method up to quadratic a short Matlab implementation of this finite element method for the Laplace equation in two dimensions

Bartels, Soeren

133

Sponsorship includes: Agriculture in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sponsorship includes: · Agriculture in the Classroom · Douglas County Farm Bureau · Gifford Farm · University of Nebraska Agricultural Research and Development Center · University of Nebraska- Lincoln Awareness Coalition is to help youth, primarily from urban communities, become aware of agriculture

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

134

Appendix F Cultural Resources, Including  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Appendix F Appendix F Cultural Resources, Including Section 106 Consultation STATE OF CALIFORNIA - THE RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN, JR., Governor OFFICE OF HISTORIC PRESERVATION DEPARTMENT OF PARKS AND RECREATION 1725 23 rd Street, Suite 100 SACRAMENTO, CA 95816-7100 (916) 445-7000 Fax: (916) 445-7053 calshpo@parks.ca.gov www.ohp.parks.ca.gov June 14, 2011 Reply in Reference To: DOE110407A Angela Colamaria Loan Programs Office Environmental Compliance Division Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave SW, LP-10 Washington, DC 20585 Re: Topaz Solar Farm, San Luis Obispo County, California Dear Ms. Colamaria: Thank you for seeking my consultation regarding the above noted undertaking. Pursuant to 36 CFR Part 800 (as amended 8-05-04) regulations implementing Section

135

Coke profile and effect on methane/ethylene conversion process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

balance in catalytic cracking. It is also extremely important in the dehydrogenation of butane to butadiene, because coke formation limits the cycle time before regeneration of the catalyst is needed. There are many add that equally important examples..., methane, ethane, ethylene, propane, iso-butane, butane, iso-pentane, pentane and hexanes. Also, the flow rate of the effluent stream is measured using the bubble meter. The mole percentages of methane and ethylene are subtracted of the effluent stream...

Al-Solami, Bandar

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 01/13/14 7.83 7.76 7.90 8.91 8.76 8.11 3.68 01/06/14 8.00 7.78 7.94 8.92 8.74 8.09 3.69 12/30/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.68 12/23/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.63 12/16/13 7.86 7.79 8.05 9.00 8.78 8.08 3.61 12/9/13 7.95 7.81 8.14 8.99 8.80 8.12 3.63 12/2/13 7.91 7.68 8.07 8.85 8.68 8.08 3.64 11/25/13 7.69 7.61 8.07 8.77 8.63 7.97 3.65 11/18/13 7.99 7.54 8.00 8.70 8.57 7.92 3.57 11/11/13 7.63 7.44 7.79 8.63 8.46 7.85 3.55 11/4/13 7.70 7.51 7.98 8.70 8.59 7.86 3.61 10/28/13 8.02 7.74 8.08 8.96 8.79 8.04 3.64 10/21/13 7.91 7.71 8.11 8.94 8.80 8.05 3.70 10/14/13 7.88 7.62 8.05 8.87 8.74 7.97 3.69

137

Encapsulation of antiviral nucleotide analogues azidothymidine-triphosphate and cidofovir in poly(iso-butylcyanoacrylate) nanocapsules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nucleoside analogues are widely used in the treatment of various viral infections. However, the poor in vivo conversion of the nucleoside analogues like azidothymidine (AZT) into their active triphosphate nucleotide counterpart limits their pharmacological efficacy. This could be overcome by the direct administration of azidothymidine triphosphate (AZT-TP), but it requires an appropriate drug delivery approach. Besides nucleoside analogues, nucleotide analogues like cidofovir (CDV) are also used in the treatment of viral infections. CDV has raised recent interest because of its promising activity against smallpox, but its use is limited by its poor bioavailability and nephrotoxicity. Here again, a proper drug delivery system should address these issues. In this study, we investigated the encapsulation of the nucleotide analogues AZT-TP and CDV into poly(iso-butylcyanoacrylate) aqueous core nanocapsules, known to efficiently entrap oligonucleotides. We show here that the encapsulation of these mono-nucleotides is less efficient than with oligonucleotides and that a rapid release of AZT-TP from the nanocapsules occurred in vitro. This highlights the importance of the molecular weight of the entrapped molecules which, if they are too small, are diffusing through the thin polymer membrane of the nanocapsules. On the other hand, a good protection of the encapsulated AZT-TP was observed.

H. Hillaireau; T. Le Doan; M. Besnard; H. Chacun; J. Janin; P. Couvreur

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

ANSI X3H2-95-487 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL LHR-?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANSI X3H2-95-487 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL LHR-? I S O INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION Status: ANSI Expert's Contribution Title: Response to LHR-043, Fixing possible problems in SQL T" Version 7 Fixing some possible problems in SQL T LHR-043 8 Response to LHR-042 ANSI X3H2-95-486 9 The TSQL2

Snodgrass, Richard T.

139

ANSI X3H2-95-486 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL LHR-?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANSI X3H2-95-486 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL LHR-? I S O INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION Status: Change Proposal Title: Response to LHR-042, Possible problems in SQL T" Version: 1 Source: ANSI rules for datetimes LHR-046 9 Response to LHR-043 ANSI X3H2-95-487 10 The TSQL2 Temporal Query Language

Snodgrass, Richard T.

140

Selection biases in the gamma ray burst E$_{\\rm iso}$ -- L$_{\\rm opt,X}$ correlation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma ray burst (GRB) optical and X-ray afterglow luminosity is expected to correlate with the GRB isotropic equivalent kinetic energy of the outflow in the standard synchrotron model for GRB afterglows. Previous studies, using prompt GRB isotropic equivalent energy ($E_{\\rm iso}$) as a proxy for isotropic equivalent kinetic energy, have generally confirmed a correlation between X-ray and optical afterglow luminosities. Assuming that GRB afterglow luminosity does not evolve strongly with redshift, we identify a strong Malmquist bias in GRB optical and X-ray afterglow luminosity data. We show that selection effects dominate the observed E$_{\\rm iso}$ -- L$_{\\rm opt,X}$ correlations, and have likely been underestimated in other studies. The bias is strongest for a subset of optically faint bursts $m>24$ at 24 hr with $z>2$. After removing this optical selection bias, the E$_{\\rm iso}$ -- L$_{\\rm opt,X}$ correlation for long GRBs is not statistically significant, but combining both long and short GRB luminosity ...

Coward, David; Wan, Linfeng; Macpherson, Damien

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Use of a thermodynamic cycle simulation to determine the difference between a propane-fuelled engine and an iso-octane-fuelled engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the engine cycle simulation to determine the difference between a propane-fuelled and an iso-octane-fuelled engine for the same operating conditions and engine specifications. A comprehensive parametric investigation was conducted to examine the effects...

Pathak, Dushyant

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

142

Three-Dimensional Solution Structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Reduced Iso-1-cytochrome c  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

DIANA calculations, including the use of the redundant angle strategy routine (REDAC) (Güntert & Wüthrich, 1991), were performed following the procedure and with the parameters already used by us for the determination of other solution structures (Banci et al., 1994, 1995). ...

Paolo Baistrocchi; Lucia Banci; Ivano Bertini; Paola Turano; Kara L. Bren; Harry B. Gray

1996-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

143

Technical basis for flawed cylinder test specification to assure adequate fracture resistance of ISO high strength steel cylinder  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High pressure industrial gases (such as oxygen, nitrogen, argon, hydrogen, etc.) are stored and transported in portable cylinders. ISO TC58 SC3 has developed a draft specification 9809 for design and fabrication of high pressure cylinders with maximum tensile strength limitation of 1,100 N/mm{sup 2}. In order to extend the ISO 9809 rules for higher than 1,100 N/mm{sup 2} strength level cylinders, a working group WG14 was formed in 1989 to develop new rules to assure adequate fracture resistance. In 1994, WG14 recommended a simple, but unique flawed cylinder test method for design qualification of the cylinder and acceptance criteria to assure adequate fracture resistance. WG14 also recommended Charpy-V-Notch impact tests to control the required fracture resistance on production cylinders. This paper presents the technical basis that was employed in developing the flawed cylinder test method and acceptance criteria. The specification was developed for seamless steel cylinders having actual strength in the range of 1,100 to 1,400 N/mm{sup 2} and cylindrical section wall thickness in the range of 3mm to 10mm. Flawed cylinder tests were conducted on several hundred cylinders of varying sizes and strength levels. The specification requires to demonstrate LEAK-BEFORE-BREAK performance of the cylinder having flaw length equal to 1.6(O.D. {times} t{sub design}){sup 0.5} at failure pressure = (t{sub design}/t{sub actual}) {times} Design Pressure.

Rana, M.D. [Praxair, Inc., Tonawanda, NY (United States). Process and Systems R and D; Smith, J.H. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States). Metallurgy Div.; Tribolet, R.O.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Technical basis for flawed cylinder test specification to assure adequate fracture resistance of ISO high-strength steel cylinder  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-pressure industrial gases (such as oxygen, nitrogen, argon, hydrogen, etc.) are stored and transported in portable cylinders. ISO TC58 SC3 has developed a draft specification 9809 for design and fabrication of high-pressure cylinders with maximum tensile strength limitation of 1,100 N/mm{sup 2}. In order to extend the ISO 9809 rules for higher than 1,100 N/mm{sup 2} strength level cylinders, a working group WG14 was formed in 1989 to develop new rules to assure adequate fracture resistance. In 1994, WG14 recommended a simple, but unique flawed cylinder test method for design qualification of the cylinder and acceptance criteria to assure adequate fracture resistance. WG14 also recommended Charpy-V-notch impact tests to control the required fracture resistance on production cylinders. This paper presents the technical basis that was employed in developing the flawed cylinder test method and acceptance criteria. The specification was developed for seamless steel cylinders having actual strength in the range of 1,100 to 1,400 N/mm{sup 2} and cylindrical section wall thickness in the range of 3 to 10 mm. Flawed cylinder tests were conducted on several hundred cylinders of varying sizes and strength levels. The specification requires to demonstrate LEAK-BEFORE-BREAK performance of the cylinder having flaw length equal to 1.6 (o.d. {times} t{sub design}){sup 0.5} at failure pressure = (t{sub design}/t{sub actual}) x Design Pressure.

Rana, M.D. [Praxair, Inc., Tonawanda, NY (United States); Smith, J.H. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States). Metallurgy Div.; Tribolet, R.O. [Tribolet (R.O.), Van Wert, OH (United States)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

A Process Reference Model for Reuse in Industrial Engineering: Enhancing the ISO/IEC 15504 Framework to Cope with Organizational Reuse Maturity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Process Reference Model for Reuse in Industrial Engineering: Enhancing the ISO/IEC 15504 in industrial engineering for solution providers is more and more recognized as a key to economic success for reuse in industrial engineering. Based on an overview and the background of the GDES-Reuse improvement

Mössenböck, Hanspeter

146

upolis Lombardia certificato ISO 9001:2008 per la Progettazione ed erogazione di servizi formativi per la Pubblica Amministrazione -Numero di certificato 23139/11/S; l'Ente inserito come Operatore Sezione B nell'Albo degli Operatori Accreditati per Serv  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

�upolis Lombardia è certificato ISO 9001:2008 per la Progettazione ed erogazione di servizi;�upolis Lombardia è certificato ISO 9001:2008 per la Progettazione ed erogazione di servizi formativi per

Milano-Bicocca, Università

147

Net Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Net Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline) Period 2000 2001 (2) 2002 2003 2004 "gross" to "net" , was deemed impractical. (5) This report replaces the Gross Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline) report which will not be produced after December 2002. (6) The November 2007

148

Gas storage materials, including hydrogen storage materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A material for the storage and release of gases comprises a plurality of hollow elements, each hollow element comprising a porous wall enclosing an interior cavity, the interior cavity including structures of a solid-state storage material. In particular examples, the storage material is a hydrogen storage material, such as a solid state hydride. An improved method for forming such materials includes the solution diffusion of a storage material solution through a porous wall of a hollow element into an interior cavity.

Mohtadi, Rana F; Wicks, George G; Heung, Leung K; Nakamura, Kenji

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

149

"Nanocrystal bilayer for tandem catalysis"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogenolysis of Ethane, Propane, n-Butane and iso-Butanethe Hydroformylation of Propane over Silica-supported Groupproduct and small amount of propane, which is likely to be

Yamada, Yusuke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers April 24, 2013 - 4:37pm Addthis Joining Director Dot Harris (second from left) were Marlene Kaplan, the Deputy Director of Education and director of EPP, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Claudia Rankins, a Program Officer with the National Science Foundation and Jim Stith, the past Vice-President of the American Institute of Physics Resources. Joining Director Dot Harris (second from left) were Marlene Kaplan, the Deputy Director of Education and director of EPP, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Claudia Rankins, a Program Officer with the National Science Foundation and Jim Stith, the past Vice-President of the

151

Scramjet including integrated inlet and combustor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a scramjet engine. It comprises: a first surface including an aft facing step; a cowl including: a leading edge and a trailing edge; an upper surface and a lower surface extending between the leading edge and the trailing edge; the cowl upper surface being spaced from and generally parallel to the first surface to define an integrated inlet-combustor therebetween having an inlet for receiving and channeling into the inlet-combustor supersonic inlet airflow; means for injecting fuel into the inlet-combustor at the step for mixing with the supersonic inlet airflow for generating supersonic combustion gases; and further including a spaced pari of sidewalls extending between the first surface to the cowl upper surface and wherein the integrated inlet-combustor is generally rectangular and defined by the sidewall pair, the first surface and the cowl upper surface.

Kutschenreuter, P.H. Jr.; Blanton, J.C.

1992-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

152

Transmission line including support means with barriers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas insulated transmission line includes an elongated outer sheath, a plurality of inner conductors disposed within and extending along the outer sheath, and an insulating gas which electrically insulates the inner conductors from the outer sheath. A support insulator insulatably supports the inner conductors within the outer sheath, with the support insulator comprising a main body portion including a plurality of legs extending to the outer sheath, and barrier portions which extend between the legs. The barrier portions have openings therein adjacent the main body portion through which the inner conductors extend.

Cookson, Alan H. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

An investigation of the correlation of core analysis data with original core saturations in the Kelly-Snyder Field, Scurry County, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the oil ?as obtained, a copy of which is included as Table I' GAS ANALYSES Gas From Line 0 Keli - der Field A 8c M Colic e sll Ro~ %el Mo Aver s vsrage Mo Gas Used in Ex rijasnta vsr 8 Mo Carbon Diomide Nitrogen Methane Ethane Propane Iso-Butane... Normal-Butane Iao-Pentane Normal Pentane Heaanes plus . 26 4-99 54. 58 lg 80 1*23 3+33 . 28 ~ 27 1-75 5. 60 . 80 1, $9 . 63 1. 0$ lP. O) 51. 31 19~?7 19 ' 3Q 17. 68 16. @ 93 30 1. 69 ~ 27 ~ 07 66 51. 25 19 gO 28. 83 100 00 100...

Van Meter, Orville Everett, Jr

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable Communication Devices Pavel Somavat1 consumption, questions are being asked about the energy contribution of computing equipment. Al- though studies have documented the share of energy consumption by this type of equipment over the years, research

Namboodiri, Vinod

155

EE Regional Technology Roadmap Includes comparison  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EE Regional Technology Roadmap Includes comparison against 6th Power Plan (Update cyclically Roadmap with a strong linkage to utility programs Scan for Technologies 1. How does it address the NW Data Clearinghouse BPA/RTF NEEA/Regional Programs Group Update Regional EE Technology Roadmap Lighting

156

Video Topics Include Freshman Inquiry Course  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Video Topics Include Freshman Inquiry Course Open Advisement/ Group Advisement Dinning Campus: End of Spring 2012, Commencement May 18: Grades available on MAX after 4:30pm AdvisementYouTubeVideoSeries I N S I D E T H I S I S S U E : YouTube Video Series 1 Mark Your Calendar 1 Exploring Major Tips 2

Hardy, Christopher R.

157

Including Ocean Model Uncertainties in Climate Predictions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Including Ocean Model Uncertainties in Climate Predictions Chris Brierley, Alan Thorpe, Mat Collins's to perform the integrations Currently uses a `slab' ocean #12;An Ocean Model Required to accurately model transient behaviour Will have its own uncertainties Requires even more computing power Create new models

Jones, Peter JS

158

ANSI X3H2-96-264r1 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL MCI-144  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANSI X3H2-96-264r1 ISO IEC JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL MCI-144 I S O INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION Queries in the US and UK Proposals Source: ANSI Expert's Contribution Authors: Richard T. Snodgrass JTC1 SC21 WG3 DBL MCI-99, ANSI X3H2-96-013r1. 3 Snodgrass, R. T., M. H. Bohlen, C. S. Jensen and A

Snodgrass, Richard T.

159

Impact of ANSI X9.24-1:2009 Key Check Value on ISO/IEC 9797-1:2011 MACs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impact of ANSI X9.24-1:2009 Key Check Value on ISO/IEC 9797-1:2011 MACs Tetsu Iwata1 and Lei Wang2, wang.lei@ntu.edu.sg Abstract. ANSI X9.24-1:2009 specifies the key check value, which is used to verify check value. As a result, we obtain a complete characterization of the impact of using ANSI X9.24-1 key

160

31P NMR study of the interaction of a commercial succinimide-type lubricating oil dispersant with zinc(II) bis(O,O'-di-iso-butyldithiophosphate)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has been employed to study the interactions between zinc(II) bis(O,O?-di-iso-butyldithiophosphate) and a commercial poly(isobutenyl)succinimide polyamine dispersant at both ambient and subambient (213–293 K) temperatures. The major species in solutions containing high N:Zn ratios is a complex between the two components in which only two nitrogen atoms of the polyamine dispersant are bonded to the zinc.

Philip G. Harrison; Paul Brown; James McManus

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Kinetics simulation for natural gas conversion to unsaturated C? hydrocarbons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

value. The usual chemical composition range of natural gas is shown in Table I. l. Table 1. 1 Natural Gas Composition Component Methane Ethane Pro ane iso-Butane normal-Butane iso-Pentane normal-Pentane Hexane s lus Nitro en Carbon Dioxide... Acetylene Carbon Ethylene Hydrogen Methane Water Carbon Dioxide CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Challenge for Natural Gas Natural Gas (NG), which is comprised priinarily of methane, is found throughout the world, burns cleanly, and processes a high caloric...

Yang, Li

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

The connection between 2006 IPCC GHG inventory methodology and ISO 14064-1 certification standard – A reference point for the environmental policies at sub-national scale  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The article shows how a joint application of the 2006 IPCC methodology and the ISO 14064-1 standard of certification, as well as the co-operation between academic, legislative and administrative organizations, are important points for a sustainable management of an administrative jurisdiction, providing positive environmental effects. The administrative systems can choose validated ISO 14064-1 GHG inventories, produced in time series, as a strategy tool for local management, as a compass to orient future policy decisions. The Province of Siena (Tuscany, Central Italy) was one regional system in Europe to achieve the ISO 14064-1 certification of its GHG inventories, developed in time series applying the 2006 IPCC methodology. The results of the time series (year 2006–2010) of GHG inventories elaborated for the Province of Siena point out that the performed environmental management policies may bring about a significant reduction of GHG emission released to the atmosphere over time (net emission: 449 Gg CO2eq in 2006, 84 Gg CO2eq in 2010). The experience of the Province of Siena can be considered a significant reference model for all public authorities at the micro and macro scale who are interested in reducing GHG emission.

Simone Bastianoni; Michela Marchi; Dario Caro; Paolo Casprini; Federico Maria Pulselli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

High-temperature iso-butene absorption diagnostic for shock tube kinetics using a pulsed quantum cascade laser near 11.3 ?m  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A high-bandwidth absorption sensing technique for iso-butene (iC4H8) was developed to measure transient species concentration behind reflected shock waves for combustion kinetics studies. Direct measurements of iC4H8 were enabled by monitoring absorption in the infrared near 11.3 ?m using a novel pulsed external-cavity quantum cascade laser (ECQCL) with a repetition rate of 600 kHz. Optimal wavelength selection for high-temperature combustion gases was first determined by a spectral survey at 1000 K near the peak of the absorption band (878 cm?1 to 892 cm?1) using the ECQCL. Absorption cross section measurements of iC4H8 at 881.4 cm?1, the selected high-temperature wavelength, were then conducted from 800 K to 1800 K behind reflected shocks to characterize temperature dependence at modest pressures (4–8 atm). The species-specific technique was subsequently demonstrated by time-resolved (100 kHz) measurements of iso-butene decay during thermal decomposition (1280–1480 K). First-ever shock tube measurements of iC4H8 yields from iso-octane pyrolysis (1070–1300 K) were also produced, with a detection limit of ?100 ppm. Experimental results were compared to recent kinetic models to illustrate the potential of this diagnostic for analyzing combustion chemistry.

R.M. Spearrin; S. Li; D.F. Davidson; J.B. Jeffries; R.K. Hanson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Buildings Included on EMS Reports"  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Buildings Included on EMS Reports" "Site","Property Name","Property ID","GSF","Incl. in Water Baseline (CY2007)","Water Baseline (sq. ft.)","Water CY2008 (sq. ft.)","Water CY2009 (sq. ft.)","Water Notes","Incl. in Energy Baseline (CY2003)","Energy Baseline (sq. ft.)","CY2008 Energy (sq. ft.)","CY2009 Energy (sq. ft.)","Energy Notes","Included as Existing Building","CY2008 Existing Building (sq. ft.)","Reason for Building Exclusion" "Column Totals",,"Totals",115139,,10579,10579,22512,,,3183365,26374,115374,,,99476 "Durango, CO, Disposal/Processing Site","STORAGE SHED","DUD-BLDG-STORSHED",100,"no",,,,,"no",,,,"OSF","no",,"Less than 5,000 GSF"

165

Power generation method including membrane separation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for generating electric power, such as at, or close to, natural gas fields. The method includes conditioning natural gas containing C.sub.3+ hydrocarbons and/or acid gas by means of a membrane separation step. This step creates a leaner, sweeter, drier gas, which is then used as combustion fuel to run a turbine, which is in turn used for power generation.

Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Union City, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Completion strategy includes clay and precipitate control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes the conditions which are necessary for a successful oil well completion in the Mississippi and Cherokee zones of South Central Kansas. Topics considered include paraffin precipitation, clay swelling and migration, and iron precipitation. Clays in these zones are sensitive to water-base treating fluids and tend to swell and migrate to the well bore, thereby causing permeability damage. The presence of iron in the Mississippi and Cherokee formations has been indicated by cuttings, core samples, and connate water samples.

Sandy, T.; Gardner, G.R.

1985-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

167

Jet-calculus approach including coherence effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show how integrodifferential equations typical of jet calculus can be combined with an averaging procedure to obtain jet-calculus-based results including the Mueller interference graphs. Results in longitudinal-momentum fraction x for physical quantities are higher at intermediate x and lower at large x than with the conventional ‘‘incoherent’’ jet calculus. These results resemble those of Marchesini and Webber, who used a Monte Carlo approach based on the same dynamics.

L. M. Jones; R. Migneron; K. S. S. Narayanan

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Copia da disco fisso dell'immagine Cd su Cd-Rom Una volta scaricato sul disco fisso il file in formato ISO necessario copiarlo su CD-Rom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copia da disco fisso dell'immagine Cd su Cd-Rom Una volta scaricato sul disco fisso il file in formato ISO è necessario copiarlo su CD-Rom mediante masterizzazione, operazione che si esegue con un

De Cindio, Fiorella

169

Human internal mammary artery contraction by isoprostaglandin F2? type-III (8-iso-prostaglandin F2?)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Isoprostaglandin F2? type-III (formerly known as 8-iso-prostaglandin F2?) is produced in large quantities in vivo in clinical situations associated with oxidant stress such as atherosclerosis, hypercholesterolemia, and myocardial reperfusion. Isoprostaglandin F2? type-III may alter smooth muscle and platelet functions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of isoprostaglandin F2? type-III on isolated human internal mammary arteries, and to characterise the signalling underlying mechanisms. In organ baths, concentration-dependent contractions of human internal mammary arteries were obtained in response to isoprostaglandin F2? type-III stimulation. The responses to isoprostaglandin F2? type-III were inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner by the thromboxane A2 receptor antagonist, GR 32191 ([1R-[1 ?(Z), 2?,3?,5 ?(+)-7-[[1,1?-biphenyl)-4-yl]methoxy]-3-hydroxy-2-(1-piperidinyl) cyclo pentyl]-4-4heptanoic acid], hydrochloride), 3×10?9 to 3×10?7 M). However, this effect was associated with a decreased maximal contraction. AH 6809 (6-isopropoxy-9-oxoxanthene-2-carboxylic acid, 10?6 to 3×10?5 M), an EP1-DP receptor antagonist had no effect on isoprostaglandin F2? type-III-induced contractions. The maximal responses to isoprostaglandin F2? type-III were significantly reduced in the presence of the cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin (10?5 M) (Emax: 147±20% vs. 213±19% in control group, PTP receptor but not EP1-DP-receptor activation, (3) thromboxane A2 but not cysteinyl leukotrienes production is involved in the vascular effects of isoprostaglandin F2? type-III. Isoprostaglandin F2? type-III, produced at sites of free radical generation, may play an important role in internal mammary artery spasm in situations of oxidant stress such as coronary bypass surgery.

Jean-Luc Cracowski; Françoise Stanke-Labesque; Philippe Devillier; Olivier Chavanon; Mark Hunt; Claude Souvignet; Germain Bessard

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Optical panel system including stackable waveguides  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical panel system including stackable waveguides is provided. The optical panel system displays a projected light image and comprises a plurality of planar optical waveguides in a stacked state. The optical panel system further comprises a support system that aligns and supports the waveguides in the stacked state. In one embodiment, the support system comprises at least one rod, wherein each waveguide contains at least one hole, and wherein each rod is positioned through a corresponding hole in each waveguide. In another embodiment, the support system comprises at least two opposing edge structures having the waveguides positioned therebetween, wherein each opposing edge structure contains a mating surface, wherein opposite edges of each waveguide contain mating surfaces which are complementary to the mating surfaces of the opposing edge structures, and wherein each mating surface of the opposing edge structures engages a corresponding complementary mating surface of the opposite edges of each waveguide.

DeSanto, Leonard (Dunkirk, MD); Veligdan, James T. (Manorville, NY)

2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

171

Thermovoltaic semiconductor device including a plasma filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermovoltaic energy conversion device and related method for converting thermal energy into an electrical potential. An interference filter is provided on a semiconductor thermovoltaic cell to pre-filter black body radiation. The semiconductor thermovoltaic cell includes a P/N junction supported on a substrate which converts incident thermal energy below the semiconductor junction band gap into electrical potential. The semiconductor substrate is doped to provide a plasma filter which reflects back energy having a wavelength which is above the band gap and which is ineffectively filtered by the interference filter, through the P/N junction to the source of radiation thereby avoiding parasitic absorption of the unusable portion of the thermal radiation energy.

Baldasaro, Paul F. (Clifton Park, NY)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Critical point anomalies include expansion shock waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From first-principle fluid dynamics, complemented by a rigorous state equation accounting for critical anomalies, we discovered that expansion shock waves may occur in the vicinity of the liquid-vapor critical point in the two-phase region. Due to universality of near-critical thermodynamics, the result is valid for any common pure fluid in which molecular interactions are only short-range, namely, for so-called 3-dimensional Ising-like systems, and under the assumption of thermodynamic equilibrium. In addition to rarefaction shock waves, diverse non-classical effects are admissible, including composite compressive shock-fan-shock waves, due to the change of sign of the fundamental derivative of gasdynamics.

Nannan, N. R., E-mail: ryan.nannan@uvs.edu [Mechanical Engineering Discipline, Anton de Kom University of Suriname, Leysweg 86, PO Box 9212, Paramaribo, Suriname and Process and Energy Department, Delft University of Technology, Leeghwaterstraat 44, 2628 CA Delft (Netherlands); Guardone, A., E-mail: alberto.guardone@polimi.it [Department of Aerospace Science and Technology, Politecnico di Milano, Via La Masa 34, 20156 Milano (Italy); Colonna, P., E-mail: p.colonna@tudelft.nl [Propulsion and Power, Delft University of Technology, Kluyverweg 1, 2629 HS Delft (Netherlands)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

173

Complex shell model representation including antibound states  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A generalization of the complex shell model formalism is presented that includes antibound states in the basis. These states, together with bound states, Gamow states, and the continuum background, represented by properly chosen scattering waves, form a representation in which all states are treated on the same footing. Two-particle states are evaluated within this formalism, and observable two-particle resonances are defined. The formalism is illustrated in the well-known case of Li11 in its bound ground state and in Ca70(g.s.), which is also bound. Both cases are found to have a halo structure. These halo structures are described within the generalized complex shell model. We investigated the formation of two-particle resonances in these nuclei, but no evidence of such resonances was found.

R. Id Betan; R. J. Liotta; N. Sandulescu; T. Vertse; R. Wyss

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

174

Energikartläggning enligt ISO 50001.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Den här rapporten har skrivits som en del av ett examensarbete på energiingenjörsprogrammet på Högskolan i Halmstad under våren 2014. Examensarbetet har genomförts i… (more)

Nilsson, Anneli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

New standards in flexible pipe technology including API Spec 17J  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent and future developments in the offshore industry will see the use of flexible pipes in more severe applications than previously. Included in this is its use in deep water, high temperature, high pressure and sour service applications. There is therefore a requirement in the industry for the development of consistent standards for the specification, design, materials, manufacturing and testing of flexible pipes. A Joint Industry Project (JIP) commenced early in 1994 to develop these new industry wide standards for unbonded flexible pipe. The 20 participants to the JIP included twelve oil companies, three manufacturers, three regulatory authorities and three contractors. The first phase of the project involved the development of a standard specification for flexible pipe, with a second phase, presently ongoing, to develop a new recommended practice for flexible pipe. The initial development of the industry standard specification was completed in May of 1995 and the document was subsequently submitted to API for technical review. This was completed by December 1995. The specification was updated accordingly in cooperation between API and the JIP, and subsequently released in January 1996 for API balloting. The specification is expected to be adopted and published as API Spec 17J by the middle of 1996. The specification will also be incorporated during 1996 into the new ISO series of standards for subsea equipment. The recommended practice will update API RP 17B to supplement the pipe specification and incorporate new technological developments. This paper discusses the scope, including new developments, addressed by API Spec 17J and also describes significant aspects in the updating of the recommended practice. This development of new standards within the flexible pipe industry is in line with the objectives of initiatives such as CRINE and NORSOK.

Grealish, F.W.; Bliault, A.; Caveny, K.P.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

176

SEEPAGE MODEL FOR PA INCLUDING DRIFT COLLAPSE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to document the predictions and analyses performed using the seepage model for performance assessment (SMPA) for both the Topopah Spring middle nonlithophysal (Tptpmn) and lower lithophysal (Tptpll) lithostratigraphic units at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Look-up tables of seepage flow rates into a drift (and their uncertainty) are generated by performing numerical simulations with the seepage model for many combinations of the three most important seepage-relevant parameters: the fracture permeability, the capillary-strength parameter 1/a, and the percolation flux. The percolation flux values chosen take into account flow focusing effects, which are evaluated based on a flow-focusing model. Moreover, multiple realizations of the underlying stochastic permeability field are conducted. Selected sensitivity studies are performed, including the effects of an alternative drift geometry representing a partially collapsed drift from an independent drift-degradation analysis (BSC 2004 [DIRS 166107]). The intended purpose of the seepage model is to provide results of drift-scale seepage rates under a series of parameters and scenarios in support of the Total System Performance Assessment for License Application (TSPA-LA). The SMPA is intended for the evaluation of drift-scale seepage rates under the full range of parameter values for three parameters found to be key (fracture permeability, the van Genuchten 1/a parameter, and percolation flux) and drift degradation shape scenarios in support of the TSPA-LA during the period of compliance for postclosure performance [Technical Work Plan for: Performance Assessment Unsaturated Zone (BSC 2002 [DIRS 160819], Section I-4-2-1)]. The flow-focusing model in the Topopah Spring welded (TSw) unit is intended to provide an estimate of flow focusing factors (FFFs) that (1) bridge the gap between the mountain-scale and drift-scale models, and (2) account for variability in local percolation flux due to stochastic hydrologic properties and flow processes.

C. Tsang

2004-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

177

An evaluation of the 3M Organic Vapor Monitor #3500 as a short term exposure limit sampling device for acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, and methyl iso butyl ketone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. An exploded view of the monitor is illustrated in Figure 1. The theory of diffusive sampling considers a concentration gra- dient between the ambient air and the adsorbent to be the driving force for sampling. For the adsorption to be controlled by diffu...AN EVALUATION OF THE 3M ORGANIC VAPOR MONITOR 43500 AS A SHOR'I TERM EXPOSURE LIMIT SAMPLING DEVICE FOR ACETONE, METHYL ETHYL KETONE, AND METHYL ISO BUTYL KETONE A Thesis by LLOYD B. ANDREW III Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM...

Andrew, Lloyd B.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

178

Comparison of approaches to Total Quality Management. Including an examination of the Department of Energy`s position on quality management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a comparison of several qualitatively different approaches to Total Quality Management (TQM). The continuum ranges from management approaches that are primarily standards -- with specific guidelines, but few theoretical concepts -- to approaches that are primarily philosophical, with few specific guidelines. The approaches to TQM discussed in this paper include the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9000 Standard, the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, Senge`s the Learning Organization, Watkins and Marsick`s approach to organizational learning, Covey`s Seven Habits of Highly Successful People, and Deming`s Fourteen Points for Management. Some of these approaches (Deming and ISO 9000) are then compared to the DOE`s official position on quality management and conduct of operations (DOE Orders 5700.6C and 5480.19). Using a tabular format, it is shown that while 5700.6C (Quality Assurance) maps well to many of the current approaches to TQM, DOE`s principle guide to management Order 5419.80 (Conduct of Operations) has many significant conflicts with some of the modern approaches to continuous quality improvement.

Bennett, C.T.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Extraction of Np(IV) by Di-n-butylphosphoric and di-iso-amylphosphoric acids from aqueous HNO{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The interaction of Np(IV) with di-n-butylphosphoric (DBP) and di-iso-amylphosphoric (DIAP) acids is studied at room temperature in the biphasic extraction systems H{sub 2}O-HNO{sub 3}-TBP(TIAP)-n-decane (CCL{sub 4}) (TBP = tributylphosphate, TIAP = tri-iso-amylphosphate) for DBP (DIAP) concentrations from 0.91{center_dot}10{sup -3} to 4.16{center_dot}10{sup -2} M, HNO{sub 3} {le} 12 M, and TBP (TIAP) {le} 1.1 M. If n-decane is used as the solvent, Np concentrates mainly in the interfacial crud (IFC). As (HNO{sub 3}) in the aqueous phase and (TBP) (TIAP) in the organic phase increase, the amount of Np(IV) concentrated in the IFC decreases. In systems with CCl{sub 4}, Np(IV) does not concentrate in the IFC. Increasing (TBP) (TIAP) in the organic phase inhibits the interaction of Np(IV) with DBP (DIAP) in CCl{sub 4} and n-decane.

Solovkin, A.S.; Lobanov, A.V.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Detailed chemical kinetic models for large n-alkanes and iso-alkanes found in conventional and F-T diesel fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

n-Hexadecane and 2,2,4,4,6,8,8-heptamethylnonane represent the primary reference fuels for diesel that are used to determine cetane number, a measure of the ignition property of diesel fuel. With the development of chemical kinetics models for both primary reference fuels, a new capability is now available to model diesel fuel ignition. Additionally, we have developed chemical kinetic models for a whole series of large n-alkanes and a large iso-alkane to represent these chemical classes in fuel surrogates for conventional and future fuels. These chemical kinetic models are used to predict the effect of the aforementioned fuel components on ignition characteristics under conditions found in internal combustion engines.

Westbrook, C K; Pitz, W J; Mehl, M; Curran, H J

2009-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Water Ice, Silicate and PAH Emission Features in the ISO Spectrum of the Carbon-rich Planetary Nebula CPD-56 8032  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combined ISO SWS and LWS spectroscopy is presented of the late WC-type planetary nebula nucleus CPD-56 8032 and its carbon-rich nebula. The extremely broad coverage (2.4-197 microns) enables us to recognize the clear and simultaneous presence of emission features from both oxygen- and carbon- rich circumstellar materials. Removing a smooth continuum highlights bright emission bands characteristic of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (hereafter PAHs) in the 3-14 micron region, bands from crystalline silicates longwards of 18 microns, and the 43- and 62-micron bands of crystalline water ice. We discuss the probable evolutionary state and history of this unusual object in terms of (a) a recent transition from an O-rich to a C-rich outflow following a helium shell flash; or (b) a carbon-rich nebular outflow encountering an O-rich comet cloud.

Martin Cohen; M. J. Barlow; R. J. Sylvester; X. -W. Liu; P. Cox; T. Lim; B. Schmitt; A. K. Speck

1999-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

182

BM-520, an original TXA2 modulator, inhibits the action of thromboxane A2 and 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? in vitro and in vivo on human and rodent platelets, and aortic vascular smooth muscles from rodents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thromboxane A2 (TXA2) and 8-iso-PGF2? are two prostanoid agonists of the thromboxane A2 receptor (TP), whose activation has been involved in platelet aggregation and atherosclerosis. Agents able to counteract the actions of these agonists are of great interest in the treatment and prevention of cardiovascular events. Here, we investigated in vitro and in vivo the pharmacological profile of BM-520, a new TP antagonist. In our experiments, this compound showed a great binding affinity for human washed platelets TP receptors, and prevented human platelet activation and aggregation induced by U-46619, arachidonic acid and 8-iso-PGF2?. The TP receptor antagonist property of BM-520 was confirmed by its relaxing effect on rat aorta smooth muscle preparations precontracted with U-46619 and 8-iso-PGF2?. Further, its TP antagonism was also demonstrated in vivo in guinea pig after a single intravenous injection (10 mg kg?1). We conclude that this novel TP antagonist could be a promising therapeutic tool in pathologies such as atherosclerosis where an increased production of TXA2 and 8-iso-PGF2?, as well as TP activation are well-established pathogenic events.

S. Rolin; J. Hanson; C. Vastersaegher; C. Cherdon; D. Pratico; B. Masereel; J.M. Dogne

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Laura Balza Erin Broadston  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The quality assurance model family includes ISO 9001, ISO 9002, ISO 9003, and ISO 9004. As a company begins/smlbziso.txt). The ISO 9000 family can be described as follows: · ISO 9001 is used when designing a productLaura Balza Erin Broadston IE 361 Mini-paper 9/22/00 ISO 9000 CERTIFICATION "ISO 9000 is rapidly

Vardeman, Stephen B.

184

Nuclear Arms Control R&D Consortium includes Los Alamos  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nuclear Arms Control R&D Consortium includes Los Alamos Nuclear Arms Control R&D Consortium includes Los Alamos A consortium led by the University of Michigan that includes LANL as...

185

Preparation and characterization of alumina supported nickel-oxalate catalyst for the hydrodeoxygenation of oleic acid into normal and iso-octadecane biofuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study, nickel II oxalate complex (NiOx) was prepared by functionalization of nickel with oxalic acid (OxA) and incorporated into Al2O3 to synthesize alumina supported nickel oxalate (NiOx/Al2O3) catalyst for the hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of oleic acid (OA) into biofuel. The synthesized NiOx/Al2O3 was characterized and the X-ray fluorescence and elemental dispersive X-ray results showed that NiOx was successfully incorporated into the structure of Al2O3. The X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy results confirmed that highly dispersed Ni species are present in the NiOx/Al2O3 due to the functionalization with OxA. The catalytic activity of the NiOx/Al2O3 on the HDO of OA produced a mixture of 21% iso-C18 and 72% n-C18 at a 360 °C, 20 bar, 30 mg NiOx/Al2O3 loading pressure and gas flow rate of 100 mL/min. The presence of i-C18 was ascribed to the OxA functionalization which increased the acidity of NiOx/Al2O3. The NiOx/Al2O3 reusability study showed consistent HDO ability after 5 runs. These results are promising for further research into biofuel production for commercialization.

O.B. Ayodele; Olayinka S. Togunwa; Hazzim F. Abbas; Wan Mohd Ashri Wan Daud

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Including Retro-Commissioning in Federal Energy Savings Performance Contracts  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guidance document on the importance of (and steps to) including retro-commissioning in Federal energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs).

187

FEMP Expands ESPC ENABLE Program to Include More Energy Conservation...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

(ESPC) ENABLE program to include two new energy conservation measures (ECMs): solar photovoltaic (PV) and simple one-for-one heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC)...

188

SciTech Connect: Microfluidic devices and methods including porous...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

porous polymer monolith may include surfaces terminated with iniferter species. Capture molecules may then be grafted to the monolith pores. Authors: Hatch, Anson V; Sommer,...

189

Including Retro-Commissioning in Federal Energy Savings Performance Contracts  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Document describes guidance on the importance of (and steps to) including retro-commissioning in federal energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs).

190

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Industrial Deliveries included...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download...

191

Volvo: Certification of an Integrated ISO 14001 and ISO 50001...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Publications Superior Energy Performance Overview Slides Becoming a Certified Practitioner or a Certified Energy Engineer Superior Energy Performance: Better Plants Webinar...

192

Microfluidic devices and methods including porous polymer monoliths  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Microfluidic devices and methods including porous polymer monoliths are described. Polymerization techniques may be used to generate porous polymer monoliths having pores defined by a liquid component of a fluid mixture. The fluid mixture may contain iniferters and the resulting porous polymer monolith may include surfaces terminated with iniferter species. Capture molecules may then be grafted to the monolith pores.

Hatch, Anson V; Sommer, Gregory J; Singh, Anup K; Wang, Ying-Chih; Abhyankar, Vinay V

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

193

Solar Energy Education. Reader, Part II. Sun story. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magazine articles which focus on the subject of solar energy are presented. The booklet prepared is the second of a four part series of the Solar Energy Reader. Excerpts from the magazines include the history of solar energy, mythology and tales, and selected poetry on the sun. A glossary of energy related terms is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Range of a projectile, including air resistance. Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resistance, it is easy to show (elementary physics classes) that if we throw a projectile with a speed vRange of a projectile, including air resistance. Introduction Here we study the motion of a projectile thrown through the air, including the important effects of air resistance.We will investi- gate

Young, A. Peter

195

Articles which include chevron film cooling holes, and related processes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An article is described, including an inner surface which can be exposed to a first fluid; an inlet; and an outer surface spaced from the inner surface, which can be exposed to a hotter second fluid. The article further includes at least one row or other pattern of passage holes. Each passage hole includes an inlet bore extending through the substrate from the inlet at the inner surface to a passage hole-exit proximate to the outer surface, with the inlet bore terminating in a chevron outlet adjacent the hole-exit. The chevron outlet includes a pair of wing troughs having a common surface region between them. The common surface region includes a valley which is adjacent the hole-exit; and a plateau adjacent the valley. The article can be an airfoil. Related methods for preparing the passage holes are also described.

Bunker, Ronald Scott; Lacy, Benjamin Paul

2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

196

What To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? | National Nuclear Security To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog What To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Whistleblower Program > What To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? What To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint?

197

MIDWEST ISO UPDATE Sherman Elliott  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

planned to take maintenance outages to replace structures on a key 345kV transmission line in the Midwest of transmission lines 947,000 square miles 1,504 generating units in the reliability footprint Operates an energy of power over the high voltage transmission system Schedule transmission service Security analysis Manage

Tesfatsion, Leigh

198

U-182: Microsoft Windows Includes Some Invalid Certificates | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

82: Microsoft Windows Includes Some Invalid Certificates 82: Microsoft Windows Includes Some Invalid Certificates U-182: Microsoft Windows Includes Some Invalid Certificates June 4, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in Microsoft Windows. A remote user may be able to spoof code signing signatures. PLATFORM: Version(s): XP SP3, 2003 SP2, Vista SP2, 2008 SP2, 7 SP1, 2008 R2 SP1; and prior service packs ABSTRACT: The operating system includes some invalid intermediate certificates. The vulnerability is due to the certificate authorities and not the operating system itself. Reference Links: Security tracker ID 1027114 GENERIC-MAP-NOMATCH Vendor Advisory IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: The invalid certificates and their thumbprints are: Microsoft Enforced Licensing Intermediate PCA: 2a 83 e9 02 05 91 a5 5f c6

199

FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF STEEL WELDED COVERPLATE INCLUDING COMPOSITE DOUBLERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the increasing focus on welded bridge members resulting in crack initiation and propagation, there is a large demand for creative solutions. One of these solutions includes the application of composite doublers over the critical weld. In order...

Petri, Brad

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

200

Search for Earth-like planets includes LANL star analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search for earth-like planets Search for Earth-like planets includes LANL star analysis The mission will not only be able to search for planets around other stars, but also yield...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

atlantic region including: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

R: L. Tossey, T. Beeson, Parks, B. TruittTNC, UD MPEO staff 2 Climate scenarios of sea level rise for the northeast Atlantic Ocean: a study including the effects of ocean...

202

INTRODUCTION Embryonic development is sensitive to many factors, including  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, mothers can attempt to maintain their developing embryos at an optimal temperature, and thus The Journal RESEARCH ARTICLE Maternal influences on early development: preferred temperature prior to oviposition1346 INTRODUCTION Embryonic development is sensitive to many factors, including hormones, toxins

Denardo, Dale

203

Limited Personal Use of Government Office Equipment including Information Technology  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Order establishes requirements and assigns responsibilities for employees' limited personal use of Government resources (office equipment and other resources including information technology) within DOE, including NNSA. The Order is required to provide guidance on appropriate and inappropriate uses of Government resources. This Order was certified 04/23/2009 as accurate and continues to be relevant and appropriate for use by the Department. Certified 4-23-09. No cancellation.

2005-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

204

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Commercial Deliveries included in Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History U.S. 63.3 59.3 57.9 57.0 57.4 61.3 1983-2013 Alabama 71.7 71.0 68.5 68.2 68.4 66.7 1989-2013 Alaska 94.1 91.6 91.1 91.0 92.3 92.6 1989-2013 Arizona 84.0 83.0 81.6 80.3 82.8 82.7 1989-2013 Arkansas 37.8 28.3 28.1 28.6 26.7 28.0 1989-2013

205

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Industrial Deliveries included in Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History U.S. 16.5 16.3 16.0 16.2 16.6 16.9 2001-2013 Alabama 22.1 21.7 21.6 22.8 22.0 22.7 2001-2013 Alaska 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2001-2013 Arizona 13.4 15.7 15.3 13.8 13.7 13.9 2001-2013 Arkansas 1.7 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.5 2001-2013

206

Honda Smart Home to Include Berkeley Lab Ventilation Controller  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Honda Smart Home to Include Berkeley Lab Ventilation Controller Honda Smart Home to Include Berkeley Lab Ventilation Controller Honda smart home October 2013 October-November Special Focus: Energy Efficiency, Buildings, and the Electric Grid Honda Motor Company Inc is proceeding with plans to build a Smart Home in Davis, California, to demonstrate the latest in renewable energy technologies and energy efficiency. The home is expected to produce more energy than is consumed, demonstrating how the goal of "zero net energy" can be met in the near term future. A ventilation controller developed by researchers at Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division (EETD) will be included in the smart home. EETD is currently working with the developers of the home control system to integrate its control algorithms.

207

DOE Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions DOE Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions September 30, 2011 - 2:30pm Addthis On September 27, 2011, the Department of Energy (DOE) approved revisions to its National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) regulations, and on September 28th, submitted the revisions to the Federal Register. The final regulations, which become effective 30 days after publication in the Federal Register, are the culmination of a 2-year process to review and update DOE's NEPA implementing procedures. This process involved internal evaluation, public participation, and Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) review. The revisions are designed to focus Departmental resources on projects with the potential for significant environmental impact, to better

208

Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Focus Area: Solar Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.leonardo-energy.org/webinar-introduction-small-scale-photovoltaic- Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/introduction-small-scale-photovoltaic Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Project Development This video teaches the viewer about photovoltaic arrays and RETscreen's photovoltaic module, which can be used to project the cost and production of an array. An example case study was

209

projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million in non-Federal cost sharing) over four years. The overall goal of the research is to develop carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture and separation technologies that can achieve at least 90 percent CO 2 removal at no more than a 35 percent increase in the cost of electricity. The projects, managed by FE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), include: (1) Linde, LLC, which will use a post-combustion capture technology incorporating BASF's novel amine-based process at a 1-megawatt electric (MWe) equivalent slipstream pilot plant at the National Carbon Capture Center (NCCC) (DOE contribution: $15 million); (2) Neumann Systems Group, Inc., which will design, construct, and test a patented NeuStreamTM absorber at the Colorado

210

Including Tunneling in Non-Born–Oppenheimer Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Including Tunneling in Non-Born–Oppenheimer Simulations ... We note that tunneling may be included in the modeling of electronically nonadiabatic processes by other methods as well, for example, quantal wave packet methods where the wave packet is not restricted to follow a classical trajectory,(18) path integral dynamics,(19-21) and the initial value representation,(22) but these methods will require more development of efficient computational strategies for their practical application to complex systems, whereas the method proposed here has a cost comparable to non-Born–Oppenheimer (NBO) trajectory calculations that do not include tunneling. ... We also ran Born–Oppenheimer trajectories with the same total energy on the adiabatic ground state for comparison. ...

Jingjing Zheng; Rubén Meana-Pañeda; Donald G. Truhlar

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

211

Thin film solar cell including a spatially modulated intrinsic layer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

One or more thin film solar cells in which the intrinsic layer of substantially amorphous semiconductor alloy material thereof includes at least a first band gap portion and a narrower band gap portion. The band gap of the intrinsic layer is spatially graded through a portion of the bulk thickness, said graded portion including a region removed from the intrinsic layer-dopant layer interfaces. The band gap of the intrinsic layer is always less than the band gap of the doped layers. The gradation of the intrinsic layer is effected such that the open circuit voltage and/or the fill factor of the one or plural solar cell structure is enhanced.

Guha, Subhendu (Troy, MI); Yang, Chi-Chung (Troy, MI); Ovshinsky, Stanford R. (Bloomfield Hills, MI)

1989-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

212

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy: a background text. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some of the most common forms of renewable energy are presented in this textbook for students. The topics include solar energy, wind power hydroelectric power, biomass ocean thermal energy, and tidal and geothermal energy. The main emphasis of the text is on the sun and the solar energy that it yields. Discussions on the sun's composition and the relationship between the earth, sun and atmosphere are provided. Insolation, active and passive solar systems, and solar collectors are the subtopics included under solar energy. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Methods of producing adsorption media including a metal oxide  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of producing a metal oxide are disclosed. The method comprises dissolving a metal salt in a reaction solvent to form a metal salt/reaction solvent solution. The metal salt is converted to a metal oxide and a caustic solution is added to the metal oxide/reaction solvent solution to adjust the pH of the metal oxide/reaction solvent solution to less than approximately 7.0. The metal oxide is precipitated and recovered. A method of producing adsorption media including the metal oxide is also disclosed, as is a precursor of an active component including particles of a metal oxide.

Mann, Nicholas R; Tranter, Troy J

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

214

Watson Library enhancements to include new service desk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12/5/13 KU Libraries News: Watson Library enhancements to include new service desk www.lib.ku.edu/news/newservicedesk.shtml 1/1 Contact Us The University of Kansas Libraries Lawrence, KS 66045 (785) 864-8983 Copyright © 2013 by the University... of Kansas Watson Library enhancements to include new service desk The University of Kansas Libraries is adding a new service desk to Watson Library to enhance the user experience and draw attention to new and existing resources. The desk, which...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Requirements: A minimum of 15 PSYC credits, including  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

» Three other 2000-3000-level PSYC courses (any area) No more than 3 credits of PSYC 3889 or 3999 canRequirements: A minimum of 15 PSYC credits, including: » One Area I course » One Area II course) ___2100 (Principles of Research in Psychology) Area I. Social, Developmental, Clinical, & Industrial

Alpay, S. Pamir

216

Procedures in Modules (1) Including all procedures within modules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Procedures in Modules (1) Including all procedures within modules works very well in almost all designing these if possible #12;Procedures in Modules (2) These are very much like internal procedures Works very well in almost all programs Everything accessible in the module can also be used in the procedure

217

Free Energy Efficiency Kit includes CFL light bulbs,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free Energy Efficiency Kit Kit includes CFL light bulbs, spray foam, low-flow shower head, and more! Building Science 101 Presentation BPI Certified Building Professionals will present home energy efficiency for discounted energy assessments. FREE HOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY SEMINAR N e w R i ver L i g ht & Pow e r a n d W

Rose, Annkatrin

218

Biomass Potentials from California Forest and Shrublands Including Fuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass Potentials from California Forest and Shrublands Including Fuel Reduction Potentials-04-004 February 2005 Revised: October 2005 Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor, State of California #12;Biomass Tiangco, CEC Bryan M. Jenkins, University of California #12;Biomass Potentials from California Forest

219

Project Management Business Process Project Delivery Processes Includes VE Budget  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Management Business Process Project Delivery Processes Includes VE Budget Schedule Activities that do/could feed into PMBP LEGEND VE Cost Avoidance Program Coverage Document Results (Before, could use the value methodology to facilitate after action review. The project manager is responsible

US Army Corps of Engineers

220

DISTINCTIONS The unique combination of factors which distinguish Berea includes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

throughout Appala- chia. SUSTAINABLE CAMPUS FEATURES The College environment demonstrates sustainable living and enhances student learning. Recently renovated historical buildings and residence halls include sustain, Washington Monthly ranked Berea the #1 liberal arts college in the nation Listed as a "Best Buy" college

Baltisberger, Jay H.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

FORUMA Hamilton Spectator Town Hall Event SPEAKERS INCLUDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R001990104 OPEN FORUMA Hamilton Spectator Town Hall Event SPEAKERS INCLUDE: STEVE BUIST, Spectator, former chairman of Hamilton-Wentworth region and now president and CEO of the Hamilton Community Foundation. DR. CHRIS MACKIE, Hamilton's associate medical officer of health. MARK CHAMBERLAIN, president

Thompson, Michael

222

ASTRO-F/FIS observing simulation including detector characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASTRO-F/FIS observing simulation including detector characteristics Woong-Seob Jeong a,*, Soojong instruments, the far-infrared surveyor (FIS) will map the entire sky in four bands using short wavelength (SW- oped a suite of software with an aim to simulate the FIS observations (Jeong et al., 2000, 2003, 2004

Pak, Soojong

223

ASTRO-F/FIS Observing Simulation Including Detector Characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASTRO-F/FIS Observing Simulation Including Detector Characteristics Woong-Seob Jeong1, Soojong Pak1 simulations to examined the detector characteristics on the FIS instrument (Far- Infrared Surveyor) images narrow and wide bands using a short wavelength (SW) and long wavelength (LW) detector array. The FIS (Far

Lee, Hyung Mok

224

cDNA encoding a polypeptide including a hevein sequence  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cDNA clone (HEV1) encoding hevein was isolated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mixed oligonucleotides corresponding to two regions of hevein as primers and a Hevea brasiliensis latex cDNA library as a template. HEV1 is 1,018 nucleotides long and includes an open reading frame of 204 amino acids.

Raikhel, N.V.; Broekaert, W.F.; Namhai Chua; Kush, A.

1993-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

225

Methods of Purchasing Purchasing methods include the different  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" purchases must be reviewed and approved by the Controller's Office. This may result in the end user beingMethods of Purchasing Purchasing methods include the different processes of ordering goods and/or services, and encumbering funds. #12;Method of Purchase Field Purchase Orders (FPO) Accepted

226

Airborne measurement of OH reactivity during INTEX-B  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plus OH sign), reactiv- propane ing different gases gases atisoprene (plus sign), propane (star) and propene (triangle).NMHC includes ethane, ethene, propane, propene, i-butane, n-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

EIA-802  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Greater than 500 ppm sulfur 467 CODE 466 PADD 4 * Includes propane, propylene, ethane, ethylene, normal butane, butylene, isobutane, isobutylene, and pentanes plus. PADD 3 PADD...

228

DOE Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes 30-mile Natural Gas Pipeline from Pasco to Hanford DOE Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes 30-mile Natural Gas Pipeline from Pasco to Hanford January 23, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Cameron Hardy, DOE , (509) 376-5365, Cameron.Hardy@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, WASH. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is considering natural gas transportation and distribution requirements to support the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) and evaporator operations at the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. DOE awarded a task order worth up to $5 million to the local, licensed supplier of natural gas in the Hanford area, Cascade Natural Gas Corporation (Cascade). Cascade will support DOE and its Environmental

229

Italy (including San Marino) Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Western Europe » Italy Western Europe » Italy (including San Marino) Italy (including San Marino) Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data Trends As occurred in many industrialized nations, CO2 emissions from Italy rose steeply since the late 1940's until the growth was abruptly terminated in 1974. Since 1974, emissions from liquid fuels have vacillated, dropping from 76% to 46% of a static but varying total. Significant increases in natural gas consumption have compensated for the drop in oil consumption. In 2008, 35.8% of Italy's fossil-fuel CO2 emissions were due to natural gas consumption. Coal usage grew steadily until 1985 when CO2 emissions from coal consumption reached 16 million metric tons of carbon. Not until 2004 did coal usage exceed 1985 levels and now accounts for 13.9% of Italy's

230

Multi-processor including data flow accelerator module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An accelerator module for a data flow computer includes an intelligent memory. The module is added to a multiprocessor arrangement and uses a shared tagged memory architecture in the data flow computer. The intelligent memory module assigns locations for holding data values in correspondence with arcs leading to a node in a data dependency graph. Each primitive computation is associated with a corresponding memory cell, including a number of slots for operands needed to execute a primitive computation, a primitive identifying pointer, and linking slots for distributing the result of the cell computation to other cells requiring that result as an operand. Circuitry is provided for utilizing tag bits to determine automatically when all operands required by a processor are available and for scheduling the primitive for execution in a queue. Each memory cell of the module may be associated with any of the primitives, and the particular primitive to be executed by the processor associated with the cell is identified by providing an index, such as the cell number for the primitive, to the primitive lookup table of starting addresses. The module thus serves to perform functions previously performed by a number of sections of data flow architectures and coexists with conventional shared memory therein. A multiprocessing system including the module operates in a hybrid mode, wherein the same processing modules are used to perform some processing in a sequential mode, under immediate control of an operating system, while performing other processing in a data flow mode.

Davidson, George S. (Albuquerque, NM); Pierce, Paul E. (Albuquerque, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

United States/Mexico electricity trade study. [Glossary included  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During energy discussions between the United States and Mexico, it was suggested that the two countries revisit the issue of enhanced electricity trade because 10 years had elapsed since this issue was first studied. Responsibility to organize the updated study was jointly assigned to the US and to the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE). The study highlights the opportunities for increased cooperation among the electric utilities in the U.S. and Mexico. Direct benefits could include increased reliability of electric power service and cost savings through diversity of peak demand patterns and locational benefits associated with the siting of new generation sources. Indirect benefits could include improved economic and employment opportunities, especially in the border areas of both countries. While the study indicates that increased electricity trade is possible, there are significant technical and economic issues to consider. Any major increase in electricity trade would require a higher level of cooperation and coordination among utilities in both countries and would need to be preceded by a detailed analysis of associated benefits and costs (including environmental impacts) on both a short-term and a long-term basis. Whether US utilities and CFE decide to pursue specific projects will depend upon the need for and economics of those projects. The study recommends that the work begun by the two utility groups be continued. The study also recommends that regulators at all levels consider policies to increase coordination and review among all relevant parties so that unnecessary delays in planning and constructing needed facilities are avoided. 12 figs., 17 tabs.

Not Available

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Information regarding previous INCITE awards including selected highlights  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Information regarding previous INCITE awards including selected highlights Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Facilities Accessing ASCR Supercomputers Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) Research & Evaluation Prototypes (REP) Innovative & Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) ASCR Leadership Computing Challenge (ALCC) Science Highlights Benefits of ASCR Funding Opportunities Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) News & Resources Contact Information Advanced Scientific Computing Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-21/Germantown Building

233

Composite armor, armor system and vehicle including armor system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Composite armor panels are disclosed. Each panel comprises a plurality of functional layers comprising at least an outermost layer, an intermediate layer and a base layer. An armor system incorporating armor panels is also disclosed. Armor panels are mounted on carriages movably secured to adjacent rails of a rail system. Each panel may be moved on its associated rail and into partially overlapping relationship with another panel on an adjacent rail for protection against incoming ordnance from various directions. The rail system may be configured as at least a part of a ring, and be disposed about a hatch on a vehicle. Vehicles including an armor system are also disclosed.

Chu, Henry S.; Jones, Warren F.; Lacy, Jeffrey M.; Thinnes, Gary L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

cDNA encoding a polypeptide including a hevein sequence  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cDNA clone (HEV1) encoding hevein was isolated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mixed oligonucleotides corresponding to two regions of hevein as primers and a Hevea brasiliensis latex cDNA library as a template. HEV1 is 1018 nucleotides long and includes an open reading frame of 204 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contains a pu GOVERNMENT RIGHTS This application was funded under Department of Energy Contract DE-AC02-76ER01338. The U.S. Government has certain rights under this application and any patent issuing thereon.

Raikhel, Natasha V. (Okemos, MI); Broekaert, Willem F. (Dilbeek, BE); Chua, Nam-Hai (Scarsdale, NY); Kush, Anil (New York, NY)

1993-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

235

Reliability modeling of transmission and distribution systems including dependent failures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is considered. Therefore, the trans i t ion rate mat r i x of the entire system need not be generated. Th i s method is compared wi th the sequential method for normal and stormy weather condit ions, and is then extended to include m weather conditions... . 9 E . Cut -Set Equations 10 III M A R K O V C U T - S E T M E T H O D 13 A . Basic Approach 13 B . Markov Cut -Set Me thod 13 C . Examp le 18 D . Compar ison wi th the Sequential Me thod 22 E . Cut-Sets w i th m Weather States 24 F . Extens...

Beydoun, Rami Sami

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

236

[Article 1 of 7: Motivates and Includes the Consumer]  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 of 7: Research on the Characteristics of a Modern Grid by the NETL 2 of 7: Research on the Characteristics of a Modern Grid by the NETL Modern Grid Strategy Team Accommodates All Generation and Storage Options Last month we presented the first Principal Characteristic of a Modern Grid, "Motivates and Includes the Consumer". This month we present a second characteristic, "Accommodates All Generation and Storage Options". This characteristic will fundamentally transition today's grid from a centralized model for generation to one that also has a more balanced contribution from decentralized generation and storage. This characteristic, along with the other six, define a Modern Grid that will power the 21 st Century economy. For a more detailed discussion on "Accommodates All Generation and Storage Options", please see:

237

Search for Earth-like planets includes LANL star analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search for earth-like planets Search for earth-like planets Search for Earth-like planets includes LANL star analysis The mission will not only be able to search for planets around other stars, but also yield new insights into the parent stars themselves. March 6, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

238

Notices ROUTINE USES OF RECORDS MAINTAINED IN THE SYSTEM, INCLUDING  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

83 Federal Register 83 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 51 / Friday, March 15, 2013 / Notices ROUTINE USES OF RECORDS MAINTAINED IN THE SYSTEM, INCLUDING CATEGORIES OF USERS AND THE PURPOSES OF SUCH USES: The Department may disclose information contained in a record in this system of records under the routine uses listed in this system of records without the consent of the individual if the disclosure is compatible with the purposes for which the record was collected. These disclosures may be made on a case-by-case basis or, if the Department has complied with the computer matching requirements of the Privacy Act of 1974, as amended (Privacy Act), under a computer matching agreement. Any disclosure of individually identifiable information from a record in this system must also comply with the requirements of section

239

Including stereoscopic information in the reconstruction of coronal magnetic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a method to include stereoscopic information about the three dimensional structure of flux tubes into the reconstruction of the coronal magnetic field. Due to the low plasma beta in the corona we can assume a force free magnetic field, with the current density parallel to the magnetic field lines. Here we use linear force free fields for simplicity. The method uses the line of sight magnetic field on the photosphere as observational input. The value of $\\alpha$ is determined iteratively by comparing the reconstructed magnetic field with the observed structures. The final configuration is the optimal linear force solution constrained by both the photospheric magnetogram and the observed plasma structures. As an example we apply our method to SOHO MDI/EIT data of an active region. In the future it is planned to apply the method to analyse data from the SECCHI instrument aboard the STEREO mission.

T. Wiegelmann; T. Neukirch

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

240

Electra-optical device including a nitrogen containing electrolyte  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Described is a thin-film battery, especially a thin-film microbattery, and a method for making same having application as a backup or primary integrated power source for electronic devices. The battery includes a novel electrolyte which is electrochemically stable and does not react with the lithium anode and a novel vanadium oxide cathode Configured as a microbattery, the battery can be fabricated directly onto a semiconductor chip, onto the semiconductor die or onto any portion of the chip carrier. The battery can be fabricated to any specified size or shape to meet the requirements of a particular application. The battery is fabricated of solid state materials and is capable of operation between -15.degree. C. and 150.degree. C.

Bates, John B. (Oak Ridge, TN); Dudney, Nancy J. (Knoxville, TN); Gruzalski, Greg R. (Oak Ridge, TN); Luck, Christopher F. (Knoxville, TN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Copper laser modulator driving assembly including a magnetic compression laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser modulator (10) having a low voltage assembly (12) with a plurality of low voltage modules (14) with first stage magnetic compression circuits (20) and magnetic assist inductors (28) with a common core (91), such that timing of the first stage magnetic switches (30b) is thereby synchronized. A bipolar second stage of magnetic compression (42) is coupled to the low voltage modules (14) through a bipolar pulse transformer (36) and a third stage of magnetic compression (44) is directly coupled to the second stage of magnetic compression (42). The low voltage assembly (12) includes pressurized boxes (117) for improving voltage standoff between the primary winding assemblies (34) and secondary winding (40) contained therein.

Cook, Edward G. (Livermore, CA); Birx, Daniel L. (Oakley, CA); Ball, Don G. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Fuel cell repeater unit including frame and separator plate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An example fuel cell repeater includes a separator plate and a frame establishing at least a portion of a flow path that is operative to communicate fuel to or from at least one fuel cell held by the frame relative to the separator plate. The flow path has a perimeter and any fuel within the perimeter flow across the at least one fuel cell in a first direction. The separator plate, the frame, or both establish at least one conduit positioned outside the flow path perimeter. The conduit is outside of the flow path perimeter and is configured to direct flow in a second, different direction. The conduit is fluidly coupled with the flow path.

Yamanis, Jean; Hawkes, Justin R; Chiapetta, Jr., Louis; Bird, Connie E; Sun, Ellen Y; Croteau, Paul F

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

243

cDNA encoding a polypeptide including a hevein sequence  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cDNA clone (HEV1) encoding hevein was isolated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mixed oligonucleotides corresponding to two regions of hevein as primers and a Hevea brasiliensis latex cDNA library as a template. HEV1 is 1018 nucleotides long and includes an open reading frame of 204 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contains a putative signal sequence of 17 amino acid residues followed by a 187 amino acid polypeptide. The amino-terminal region (43 amino acids) is identical to hevein and shows homology to several chitin-binding proteins and to the amino-termini of wound-induced genes in potato and poplar. The carboxyl-terminal portion of the polypeptide (144 amino acids) is 74-79% homologous to the carboxyl-terminal region of wound-inducible genes of potato. Wounding, as well as application of the plant hormones abscisic acid and ethylene, resulted in accumulation of hevein transcripts in leaves, stems and latex, but not in roots, as shown by using the cDNA as a probe. A fusion protein was produced in E. coli from the protein of the present invention and maltose binding protein produced by the E. coli.

Raikhel, Natasha V. (Okemos, MI); Broekaert, Willem F. (Dilbeek, BE); Chua, Nam-Hai (Scarsdale, NY); Kush, Anil (New York, NY)

1999-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

244

CDNA encoding a polypeptide including a hevein sequence  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cDNA clone (HEV1) encoding hevein was isolated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mixed oligonucleotides corresponding to two regions of hevein as primers and a Hevea brasiliensis latex cDNA library as a template. HEV1 is 1018 nucleotides long and includes an open reading frame of 204 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contains a putative signal sequence of 17 amino acid residues followed by a 187 amino acid polypeptide. The amino-terminal region (43 amino acids) is identical to hevein and shows homology to several chitin-binding proteins and to the amino-termini of wound-induced genes in potato and poplar. The carboxyl-terminal portion of the polypeptide (144 amino acids) is 74-79% homologous to the carboxyl-terminal region of wound-inducible genes of potato. Wounding, as well as application of the plant hormones abscisic acid and ethylene, resulted in accumulation of hevein transcripts in leaves, stems and latex, but not in roots, as shown by using the cDNA as a probe. A fusion protein was produced in E. coli from the protein of the present invention and maltose binding protein produced by the E. coli.

Raikhel, Natasha V. (Okemos, MI); Broekaert, Willem F. (Dilbeek, BE); Chua, Nam-Hai (Scarsdale, NY); Kush, Anil (New York, NY)

1995-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

245

cDNA encoding a polypeptide including a hevein sequence  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cDNA clone (HEV1) encoding hevein was isolated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mixed oligonucleotides corresponding to two regions of hevein as primers and a Hevea brasiliensis latex cDNA library as a template. HEV1 is 1018 nucleotides long and includes an open reading frame of 204 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contains a putative signal sequence of 17 amino acid residues followed by a 187 amino acid polypeptide. The amino-terminal region (43 amino acids) is identical to hevein and shows homology to several chitin-binding proteins and to the amino-termini of wound-induced genes in potato and poplar. The carboxyl-terminal portion of the polypeptide (144 amino acids) is 74--79% homologous to the carboxyl-terminal region of wound-inducible genes of potato. Wounding, as well as application of the plant hormones abscisic acid and ethylene, resulted in accumulation of hevein transcripts in leaves, stems and latex, but not in roots, as shown by using the cDNA as a probe. A fusion protein was produced in E. coli from the protein of the present invention and maltose binding protein produced by the E. coli. 12 figs.

Raikhel, N.V.; Broekaert, W.F.; Chua, N.H.; Kush, A.

1999-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

246

cDNA encoding a polypeptide including a hevein sequence  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cDNA clone (HEV1) encoding hevein was isolated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mixed oligonucleotides corresponding to two regions of hevein as primers and a Hevea brasiliensis latex cDNA library as a template. HEV1 is 1,018 nucleotides long and includes an open reading frame of 204 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contains a putative signal sequence of 17 amino acid residues followed by a 187 amino acid polypeptide. The amino-terminal region (43 amino acids) is identical to hevein and shows homology to several chitin-binding proteins and to the amino-termini of wound-induced genes in potato and poplar. The carboxyl-terminal portion of the polypeptide (144 amino acids) is 74--79% homologous to the carboxyl-terminal region of wound-inducible genes of potato. Wounding, as well as application of the plant hormones abscisic acid and ethylene, resulted in accumulation of hevein transcripts in leaves, stems and latex, but not in roots, as shown by using the cDNA as a probe. A fusion protein was produced in E. coli from the protein of the present invention and maltose binding protein produced by the E. coli. 11 figures.

Raikhel, N.V.; Broekaert, W.F.; Chua, N.H.; Kush, A.

1995-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

247

Extractant composition including crown ether and calixarene extractants  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An extractant composition comprising a mixed extractant solvent consisting of calix[4] arene-bis-(tert-octylbenzo)-crown-6 ("BOBCalixC6"), 4',4',(5')-di-(t-butyldicyclo-hexano)-18-crown-6 ("DtBu18C6"), and at least one modifier dissolved in a diluent. The DtBu18C6 may be present at from approximately 0.01M to approximately 0.4M, such as at from approximately 0.086 M to approximately 0.108 M. The modifier may be 1-(2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropoxy)-3-(4-sec-butylphenoxy)-2-propanol ("Cs-7SB") and may be present at from approximately 0.01M to approximately 0.8M. In one embodiment, the mixed extractant solvent includes approximately 0.15M DtBu18C6, approximately 0.007M BOBCalixC6, and approximately 0.75M Cs-7SB modifier dissolved in an isoparaffinic hydrocarbon diluent. The extractant composition further comprises an aqueous phase. The mixed extractant solvent may be used to remove cesium and strontium from the aqueous phase.

Meikrantz, David H. (Idaho Falls, ID); Todd, Terry A. (Aberdeen, ID); Riddle, Catherine L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Law, Jack D. (Pocalello, ID); Peterman, Dean R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Mincher, Bruce J. (Idaho Falls, ID); McGrath, Christopher A. (Blackfoot, ID); Baker, John D. (Blackfoot, ID)

2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

248

Process simulation of refinery units including chemical reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Process simulation methods for design and operation of refinery units are well established as long as no chemical reactors are included. The feedstocks are divided into pseudo-components which enables calculation of phase equilibria and transport properties. When chemical reactors are present some chemical conversion takes place which obviously affects the nature of the pseudo-components and their properties. The stream leaving the reactor will not only be of a different composition than the stream entering the reactor but in addition, the pseudo-components making up the outlet stream will also have other physical properties than the ones in the inlet stream. These changes affect not only the reactor unit but also the simulation of the whole flow-sheet. The paper presents a detailed model for an adiabatic distillate hydrotreater which takes into account the elemental composition of the feed. A special simulation strategy has been developed to incorporate such reactor units into process simulators. Finally, the simulation strategy is illustrated for a hydrotreating plant.

Jens A. Hansen; Barry H. Cooper

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Quality Culture Mini-Paper Mike Hansen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-intro.htm) Today the ISO 9000 series consists of ISO 9001, 9002, and 9003. ISO 9001 is for design, manufacturing, installation, and servicing systems. ISO 9002 is the same as 9001 except it does not include design. ISO 9003IE 361 Quality Culture Mini-Paper ISO 9000 Mike Hansen Suprapto Santoso Strerly Sudargo Melisa

Vardeman, Stephen B.

250

A Note on "Probing the existence of the $E_{peak}$-$E_{iso}$ correlation in long Gamma Ray Bursts" by Ghirlanda et al. - astro-ph/0502186  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Nakar & Piran (2004) we have shown that a large fraction of BATSE bursts cannot satisfy the Amati relation between the isotropic energy - peak energy of GRBs. Our results have been corroborated by a further analysis carried out by Band and Preece (2005). Recently Ghirlanda et al. (2005) claimed that when the exact distribution of the scatter around the Amati relation is taken into account, the BATSE sample is consistent with the Amati relation. We show that the probability that the BATSE sample is consistent with the Amati relation (including the scattering), as found by Ghirlanda et al. (2005) for a sample of 23 bursts with known redshift, is vanishingly small.

Ehud Nakar; Tsvi Piran

2005-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

251

ARM: Surface Radiation Measurement Quality Control testing, including climatologically configurable limits  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Surface Radiation Measurement Quality Control testing, including climatologically configurable limits

Hodges, Gary; Stoffel, Tom; Kutchenreiter, Mark; Kay, Bev; Habte, Aron; Ritsche, Michael; Morris, Victor; Anderberg, Mary

252

Crystalline mesoporous zirconia catalysts having stable tetragonal pore wall structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods are disclosed for the preparation of new sulfated mesoporous zirconia materials/catalysts with crystalline pore walls of predominantly tetragonal crystal structure, characterized by nitrogen physical sorption measurement, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and catalytic tests using n-butane isomerization to iso-butane and alkylation of 1-naphthol with 4-tert-butylstyrene as probe reactions. Sulfate deposition is preferred for the transformation of a mesoporous precursor with amorphous pore walls into a material with crystalline pore walls maintaining the mesoporous characteristics. 17 figs.

Sachtler, W.M.H.; Huang, Y.Y.

1998-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

253

E-Print Network 3.0 - alginate scaffold including Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

created through a three step process which included: treatment... ; and exposure to a CaCl2 to crosslink the alginate sheets. Process variables included volume and concentra-...

254

E-Print Network 3.0 - actinides including cm Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: of waste actinides. Such damage can be studied by many techniques, including heavy-ionfast neutron... were presented and proposed, including; Fundamental studies...

255

Common Data Set 2011-2012 J Column heading for CIP categories to include now reads: CIP 2010 Categories to Include  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Common Data Set 2011-2012 J Column heading for CIP categories to include now reads: CIP 2010 Categories to Include J CIP category 3 description now reads: Natural resources and conservation J CIP category 5 description now reads: Area, ethnic, and gender studies J CIP category 16 description now reads

256

Composite materials and bodies including silicon carbide and titanium diboride and methods of forming same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of forming composite materials include coating particles of titanium dioxide with a substance including boron (e.g., boron carbide) and a substance including carbon, and reacting the titanium dioxide with the substance including boron and the substance including carbon to form titanium diboride. The methods may be used to form ceramic composite bodies and materials, such as, for example, a ceramic composite body or material including silicon carbide and titanium diboride. Such bodies and materials may be used as armor bodies and armor materials. Such methods may include forming a green body and sintering the green body to a desirable final density. Green bodies formed in accordance with such methods may include particles comprising titanium dioxide and a coating at least partially covering exterior surfaces thereof, the coating comprising a substance including boron (e.g., boron carbide) and a substance including carbon.

Lillo, Thomas M.; Chu, Henry S.; Harrison, William M.; Bailey, Derek

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

257

Towards Dataintegration from WITSML to ISO 15926  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To enable information sharing and automatic reasoning across applications and domains, with relevant context and content, we need to model and map data into common standards with semantic annotation. The project Integrated Operations (IO) has been estimated ... Keywords: Integrated Operations (IO), Ontology, Semantic Web, data integration

Kari Anne Haaland Thorsen; Chunming Rong

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Stochastic Optimization in Energy ISO New England  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: » "Stochastic" » Online/offline optimization » Policy » Lags » Transition function » Lookahead model/policy," but in the setting of sequential problems, each is actually a class of policy (or two) Slide 4 #12;© 2010 Warren B of technology and the price of commodities. In recent years, the growing presence of wind and solar is putting

Powell, Warren B.

259

Got Standards? "Got Standards?"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

certifications available. Some of these certifications include ISO 9002 1994, ISO 9003 1994 and ISO 9001 in order to bring harmony to global standards for international trade. Enter ISO 9000. The Basics In order to fully understand the concept of ISO 9000, it is very important to have a good idea of what a standard is

Vardeman, Stephen B.

260

Software Technology and Engineering Practice (STEP) 2002 Montreal, Canada, October 6-8 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, including ISO 9001. The TL 9000 Quality System Measures Handbook [2] defines a minimum set of performance Software Product Quality Practices Quality Measurement and Evaluation using TL9000 and ISO/IEC 9126 Witold-editor and co-editor of ISO/IEC 9126, ISO/IEC 14598 and ISO/IEC SQuaRE series of standards 2 Alain Abran

Laporte, Claude Y.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

SBIR/STTR FY15 Release 1 Awards Announced-Includes Fuel Cell...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

FY15 Release 1 Awards Announced-Includes Fuel Cell Catalyst and Hydrogen Contamination Detection R&D SBIRSTTR FY15 Release 1 Awards Announced-Includes Fuel Cell Catalyst and...

262

SBIR/STTR Release 2 Topics Announced-Includes Hydrogen and Fuel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Release 2 Topics Announced-Includes Hydrogen and Fuel Cells SBIRSTTR Release 2 Topics Announced-Includes Hydrogen and Fuel Cells October 31, 2014 - 12:05pm Addthis The 2015 Small...

263

E-Print Network 3.0 - anti-platelet therapy including Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

management including exercise, cognitive behavioral therapy 3. ... Source: Messersmith, Phillip B.- Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University...

264

Certifying Industrial Energy Efficiency Performance: Aligning Management, Measurement, and Practice to Create Market Value  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

management systems, including ISO 9001:2000, 14001:2004 andmanagement systems, such as ISO 9001:2000, 14001:2004, and

McKane, Aimee; Scheihing, Paul; Williams, Robert

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Photovoltaic Device Including A Boron Doping Profile In An I-Type Layer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic cell for use in a single junction or multijunction photovoltaic device, which includes a p-type layer of a semiconductor compound including silicon, an i-type layer of an amorphous semiconductor compound including silicon, and an n-type layer of a semiconductor compound including silicon formed on the i-type layer. The i-type layer including an undoped first sublayer formed on the p-type layer, and a boron-doped second sublayer formed on the first sublayer.

Yang, Liyou (Lawrenceville, NJ)

1993-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

266

NREL/Ventyx Utility Rates: What is included? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL/Ventyx Utility Rates: What is included? NREL/Ventyx Utility Rates: What is included? Home > Groups > Utility Rate Does anyone know what pieces of electric rates are included in the NREL/Ventyx database of rates by utility, i.e. is it supply only or does the file include supply, transmission & distribution costs? Thanks! Submitted by Vbugnion on 27 February, 2013 - 16:25 1 answer Points: 1 Hi Vbugnion, Just to clarify, you're not asking about the OpenEI utility rates, but rather the Ventyx rates found here: http://developer.nrel.gov/doc/api/georeserv/service/utility_rates If so, then the Ventyx rates do include all bundled rates (which includes supply, trans, and distr costs). However, there's a small but non-zero possibility that a few energy-only or delivery-only rates may not have been cleaned

267

DOE Order 440. 1 B: Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including NNSA)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0. 1 B: Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including 0. 1 B: Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including NNSA) Federal Employees DOE Order 440. 1 B: Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including NNSA) Federal Employees Stakeholders: DOE and NNSA employees Scope: DOE Order 440.1 B establishes the framework for an effective worker protection program that will reduce or prevent injuries, illnesses, and accidental losses by providing Department of Energy, including National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Federal workers with a safe and healthful workplace. Summary: Among the requirements of DOE Order 440.1 B, the Department must provide its employees, including NNSA, a number of protections relating to whistle blowing guidelines. The relevant section of requirements includes: 4. REQUIREMENTS. DOE elements must:

268

Photovoltaic module kit including connector assembly for non-penetrating array installation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A PV module kit for non-penetrating rooftop installation, including a plurality of PV modules and a plurality of connectors. Each of the PV modules includes a PV laminate and a frame forming a mounting region assembled thereto. The connectors include a male connector having a male fastener extending from a head, and a female connector having a female fastener assembled within a head. The heads are entirely formed of plastic. The kit provides a mounted array state including a junction at which the mounting region of at least two of the PV modules are aligned and interconnected by engagement of the male connector with the female connector. The so-formed junction is substantially electrically insulated. The plurality of connectors can further include a spacer connector including a head forming a bore sized to slidably receive the male fastener, with all of the connector heads being identical.

Botkin, Jonathan (El Cerrito, CA); Graves, Simon (Berkeley, CA); Danning, Matt (Oakland, CA); Culligan, Matthew (Berkeley, CA)

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

269

Photovoltaic module kit including connector assembly for non-penetrating array installation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A PV module kit for non-penetrating rooftop installation, including a plurality of PV modules and a plurality of connectors. Each of the PV modules includes a PV laminate and a frame forming a mounting region assembled thereto. The connectors include a male connector having a male fastener extending from a head, and a female connector having a female fastener assembled within a head. The heads are entirely formed of plastic. The kit provides a mounted array state including a junction at which the mounting region of at least two of the PV modules are aligned and interconnected by engagement of the male connector with the female connector. The so-formed junction is substantially electrically insulated. The plurality of connectors can further include a spacer connector including a head forming a bore sized to slidably receive the male fastener, with all of the connector heads being identical.

Botkin, Jonathan; Graves, Simon; Danning, Matt; Culligan, Matthew

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

270

Photovoltaic module kit including connector assembly for non-penetrating array installation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A PV module kit for non-penetrating rooftop installation, including a plurality of PV modules and a plurality of connectors. Each of the PV modules includes a PV laminate and a frame forming a mounting region assembled thereto. The connectors include a male connector having a male fastener extending from a head, and a female connector having a female fastener assempbled within a head. The heads are entirely formed of plastic. The kit provides a mounted array state including a junction at which the mounting regions of at least two of the PV modules are aligned and interconnected by engagement of the male connector with the female connector. The so-formed junction is substantially electrically insulated. The plurality of connectors can further include a spacer connector including a head forming a bore sized slidably receive the male fastener, with all of the connector heads being identical.

Botkin, Jonathan; Graves, Simon; Danning, Matt; Culligan, Matthew

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

271

E-Print Network 3.0 - anu including biomedical Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Centre... -Europe Meeting (ASEM) process. Some of her recent publications include "EU-ASEAN Relations and Policy Learning... to ASEAN Economic Community - Is ASEAN moving towards...

272

E-Print Network 3.0 - approach including plasma Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

plasmas confined... to mi crocavities has provided a pathway to new optoelectronic devices, including hybrid Source: Shyy, Wei - Department of Aerospace Engineering,...

273

E-Print Network 3.0 - abdominal surgery including Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

reality allows... , a virtual reality laparoscopic surgery simulator that includes a brand new educational component, to assist... . Virtual reality simulators for...

274

E-Print Network 3.0 - african countries including Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

biofuel drive raises risk of eviction for African farmers Summary: by next year. In Africa, countries including Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa... to...

275

Retrofit of Tehran City Gate Station C.G.S. No. 2 by Using Turboexpander  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methane C 1 89.80 3 Carbon Dioxide CO 2 1.10 4 Ethane C 2 3.70 5 Propane C 3 0.98 6 Iso Butane IC 4 0.22 7 Normal Butane NC 4 0.29 8 Iso pentane IC 5 0.10 9 Normal pentane NC 5 0.07 10 Hexane C 6 0.04 Total 100.00 Tab. 1. Chemical... of Technology Select case study The chemical compounds of gas that is passed through the C.G.S. No. 2 of Tehran are as table: Mole Percent Chemical Compounds No. Chemical FormulaName 3.70N2Nitrogen1 89.80CH4Methane2 1.10CO2 Dioxide Carbon3 3.70C2H...

Seresht, R. T.; Ja, H. K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Custom Detector Technology LASP satellite instruments include a wide range of technology,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Custom Detector Technology LASP satellite instruments include a wide range of technology, including particles, electric fields, and dust particles in space. Low-noise detectors are critical technology for our Extremely low-noise CCDs and intensified CCDs have flown on SDO for observing solar EUV and on AIM

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

277

Neutron Star Matter Including Delta Isobars Guang-Zhou Liu1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutron Star Matter Including Delta Isobars Guang-Zhou Liu1,2 , Wei Liu1 and En-Guang Zhao2 1 a new phase structure of neutron star matter including nucleons and delta isobars is presented. Particle fractions populated and pion condensations in neutron star matter are investgated in this model

Xu, Ren-Xin

278

Hybrid approach for including electronic and nuclear quantum effects in molecular dynamics simulations of hydrogen transfer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid approach for including electronic and nuclear quantum effects in molecular dynamics January 2001 A hybrid approach for simulating proton and hydride transfer reactions in enzymes coefficient and to investigate the real-time dynamics of reactive trajectories. This hybrid approach includes

Hammes-Schiffer, Sharon

279

Red-Tide Research Summarized to 1964 Including an Annotated Bibliography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

535^ Red-Tide Research Summarized to 1964 Including an Annotated Bibliography By George A, Harold E. Crowther, Acting Director Red-Tide Research Summarized to 1964 Including an Annotated Historical 2 General conditions during red-tide outbreaks 3 Temperature 3 Salinity 3 Rainfall 4 Wind 4 Light

280

Life Cycle environmental Assessment (LCA) of sanitation systems including sewerage: Case of vertical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Life Cycle environmental Assessment (LCA) of sanitation systems including sewerage: Case The article presents the application of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to a complete sanitation system including the sewer network. It first describes the LCA hypothesis which concerns two types of waste water

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

OFFICE USE ONLY: Date Entered: App Rating: Complete Incomplete Documents Included  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OFFICE USE ONLY: Date Entered: App Rating: Complete Incomplete Documents Included: Declaration/ Assessment APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS: 1. All supporting documentation must be included with the application printed from BearTracks 2. Have you signed the Declaration and Consent form on the last page

MacMillan, Andrew

282

Introduction Apis mellifera L. is native to Europe, Africa, and Asia (including Saudi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Apis mellifera L. is native to Europe, Africa, and Asia (including Saudi Arabia, Iran migrations and introductions (Ruttner, 1988). Apis mellifera includes about two dozen subspecies bee (Apis mellifera L.) populations from the USA Allen L Szalanski1* and Roxane M Magnus1 1 Social

Szalanski, Allen L.

283

What are the symptoms of flu? Symptoms include sudden onset of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What are the symptoms of flu? · Symptoms include sudden onset of: o fever/chills o cough o muscle lasting 5 or more days (measured with a thermometer; 37.0 Celsius is normal) · Coughing up blood that improve but then return with fever and worse cough Those in high risk groups including pregnant women

Ellis, Randy

284

Small-signal dynamic model of a micro-grid including conventional and electronically  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Small-signal dynamic model of a micro-grid including conventional and electronically interfaced-signal modelling of a micro-grid system that includes conventional (rotating machine) and electronically interfaced deviations in the overall system model and provides a methodology for the analysis of autonomous micro-grid

Lehn, Peter W.

285

T-603: Mac OS X Includes Some Invalid Comodo Certificates | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

03: Mac OS X Includes Some Invalid Comodo Certificates 03: Mac OS X Includes Some Invalid Comodo Certificates T-603: Mac OS X Includes Some Invalid Comodo Certificates April 15, 2011 - 1:46am Addthis PROBLEM: Mac OS X Includes Some Invalid Comodo Certificates PLATFORM: For Mac OS X Server v10.5.8, Mac OS X v10.5.8, Mac OS X v10.6.7 and Mac OS X Server v10.6.7 ABSTRACT: The operating system includes some invalid certificates. The vulnerability is due to the invalid certificates and not the operating system itself. Other browsers, applications, and operating systems are affected. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1025362 APPLE-SA-2011-04-14-4 Security Update 2011-002 Apple Support Downloads IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A partner of Comodo with Registration Authority capabilities suffered an internal security breach and the attacker caused seven certificates to be

286

Property:Number of Plants Included in Planned Estimate | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plants Included in Planned Estimate Plants Included in Planned Estimate Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Number of Plants Included in Planned Estimate Property Type String Description Number of plants included in the estimate of planned capacity per GEA Pages using the property "Number of Plants Included in Planned Estimate" Showing 21 pages using this property. A Alaska Geothermal Region + 3 + C Cascades Geothermal Region + 1 + Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region + 4 + G Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region + 7 + H Hawaii Geothermal Region + 1 + Holocene Magmatic Geothermal Region + 4 + I Idaho Batholith Geothermal Region + 1 + N Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region + 9 + Northern Rockies Geothermal Region + 0 + Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region + 6 +

287

Systems and strippable coatings for decontaminating structures that include porous material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of removing contaminant matter from porous materials include applying a polymer material to a contaminated surface, irradiating the contaminated surface to cause redistribution of contaminant matter, and removing at least a portion of the polymer material from the surface. Systems for decontaminating a contaminated structure comprising porous material include a radiation device configured to emit electromagnetic radiation toward a surface of a structure, and at least one spray device configured to apply a capture material onto the surface of the structure. Polymer materials that can be used in such methods and systems include polyphosphazine-based polymer materials having polyphosphazine backbone segments and side chain groups that include selected functional groups. The selected functional groups may include iminos, oximes, carboxylates, sulfonates, .beta.-diketones, phosphine sulfides, phosphates, phosphites, phosphonates, phosphinates, phosphine oxides, monothio phosphinic acids, and dithio phosphinic acids.

Fox, Robert V. (Idaho Falls, ID); Avci, Recep (Bozeman, MT); Groenewold, Gary S. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

288

An investigation of convergence pressure methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, nitrogen, hydrocarbons having molecular weights from methane through hexane, and the remainder of the hydrocarbons are lumped into a single pseudocomponent G7+. Butane and pentane are further split into iso and normal... of Mixtures Versus Saturation Pressure Number of Mixtures Versus Temperature 55 56 10 Number of Mixtures Versus Mole Fraction of Carbon Dioxide 57 Number of Mixtures Versus Mole Fraction of Hydrogen Sulfide 12 Number of Mixtures Versus Mole Fraction...

Wattenbarger, Robert Chick

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Energy Department Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include 1-800  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include 1-800 Number: 1-800-244-3301 Energy Department Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include 1-800 Number: 1-800-244-3301 September 6, 2005 - 9:50am Addthis Washington, DC - Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman announced today that the Department of Energy has expanded its gas gouging reporting system to include a toll-free telephone hotline. The hotline is available to American consumers starting today. "While we've largely seen the best of American generosity and unity throughout the recovery effort, we recognize that there are some bad actors that may try to take advantage of the situation. Consumers are our first line of defense in guarding against gas price gouging. I can assure you, our Administration - from the President down - takes this issue very

290

Counselling Psychology Practicum The Counselling Psychology program includes two practicum placements. These placements allow you to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Counselling Psychology Practicum The Counselling Psychology program includes two practicum development in real counselling settings. The general goal of the Counselling Psychology Practica. Students in the Master of Education (Counselling Psychology) program are responsible for making their own

Morris, Joy

291

A simulation study of the solar wind including the solar rotation effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An axisymmetric solar wind structure including the solar rotation effect is studied by the method of MHD computer simulation. For the case of the radial magnetic field configuration, the simulation result is fair...

H. Washimi; T. Sakurai

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Data and analysis on energy usage included: Taking readings on energy each minute  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appendix B Data and analysis on energy usage included: § Taking readings on energy each minute § 14 usage at the schools we monitored. The usage is compared to the PIER target, Title 24, and Ashrae 90

293

Automated solar collector installation design including ability to define heterogeneous design preferences  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Embodiments may include systems and methods to create and edit a representation of a worksite, to create various data objects, to classify such objects as various types of pre -defined "features" with attendant properties and layout constraints. As part of or in addition to classification, an embodiment may include systems and methods to create, associate, and edit intrinsic and extrinsic properties to these objects. A design engine may apply of design rules to the features described above to generate one or more solar collectors installation design alternatives, including generation of on-screen and/or paper representations of the physical layout or arrangement of the one or more design alternatives. Embodiments may also include definition of one or more design apertures, each of which may correspond to boundaries in which solar collector layouts should comply with distinct sets of user-defined design preferences. Distinct apertures may provide heterogeneous regions of collector layout according to the user-defined design preferences.

Wayne, Gary; Frumkin, Alexander; Zaydman, Michael; Lehman, Scott; Brenner, Jules

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

294

Automated solar collector installation design including ability to define heterogeneous design preferences  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Embodiments may include systems and methods to create and edit a representation of a worksite, to create various data objects, to classify such objects as various types of pre-defined "features" with attendant properties and layout constraints. As part of or in addition to classification, an embodiment may include systems and methods to create, associate, and edit intrinsic and extrinsic properties to these objects. A design engine may apply of design rules to the features described above to generate one or more solar collectors installation design alternatives, including generation of on-screen and/or paper representations of the physical layout or arrangement of the one or more design alternatives. Embodiments may also include definition of one or more design apertures, each of which may correspond to boundaries in which solar collector layouts should comply with distinct sets of user-defined design preferences. Distinct apertures may provide heterogeneous regions of collector layout according to the user-defined design preferences.

Wayne, Gary; Frumkin, Alexander; Zaydman, Michael; Lehman, Scott; Brenner, Jules

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

295

AMO Issues Request for Information on Clean Energy Manufacturing Topics, Including Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Applications  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The AMO seeks information on mid-Technology Readiness Level R&D needs, market challenges, supply chain challenges, and shared facility needs addressing clean energy manufacturing topics, including the fuel cell and hydrogen sectors.

296

Modeling the Interaction between the Atmospheric and Oceanic Boundary Layers, Including a Surface Wave Layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The interaction between the atmospheric and oceanic boundary layers is simulated by solving a closed system of equations including equations of motion, turbulent kinetic energy (TKE), turbulent exchange coefficient (TEC), expressions for air and ...

Le Ngoc Ly

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Diffractive laser beam homogenizer including a photo-active material and method of fabricating the same  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method of manufacturing a plurality of diffractive optical elements includes providing a partially transmissive slide, providing a first piece of PTR glass, and directing first UV radiation through the partially transmissive slide to impinge on the first piece of PTR glass. The method also includes exposing predetermined portions of the first piece of PTR glass to the first UV radiation and thermally treating the exposed first piece of PTR glass. The method further includes providing a second piece of PTR glass and directing second UV radiation through the thermally treated first piece of PTR glass to impinge on the second piece of PTR glass. The method additionally includes exposing predetermined portions of the second piece of PTR glass to the second UV radiation, thermally treating the exposed second piece of PTR glass, and repeating providing and processing of the second piece of PTR glass using additional pieces of PTR glass.

Bayramian, Andy J; Ebbers, Christopher A; Chen, Diana C

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

298

FEMP Expands ESPC ENABLE Program to Include More Energy Conservation Measures  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program announced the expansion of the Energy Savings Performance Contract ENABLE program to include two new energy conservation measures.

299

E-Print Network 3.0 - approach including back-translation Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

include the back-translation, is always available for later inspection.) They can... safeguard against translation errors, we supply a back-translation, or re-translation of the...

300

includes gravity, there are other interesting consequences of this line of argument. One  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

includes gravity, there are other interesting consequences of this line of argument. One f there is any truth to the adage that `practice makes perfect', we should cer- tainly be near

Murray, Richard

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Mineral balances, including in drinking water, estimated for Merced County dairy herds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of daily mineral intake, drinking-water mineral contributionND Total daily intake, including minerals in drinking water.mineral contents in drinking water and daily drinking-water

Castillo, Alejandro R Dr.; Santos, Jose Eduardo P.; Tabone, Tom J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Development of electronic nose for measurement of agricultural odors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in this experiment. This included fatty acids (butyric, isobutyric, valeric, and isovaleric acids), alcohols (p-cresol and isoamyl alcohol), sulfides (dimethyl sulfide and dimethyl disulfide), and butanal. Using ANOVA and PCA techniques, it was determined...

Bausch, Carrie Lynn

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Comparison of CO and NO Emissions from Propane, n-Butane, and Dimethyl Ether Premixed Flames  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements were made with a water-cooled stainless steel sampling probe situated above the visible reaction zone of a co-flow burner. ... Dehydration is satisfactory for DME production geared toward current demand but it is not cost-effective for the mass production of DME required for widespread fuel use.10 The recent and intense interest in DME as a transportation fuel has arisen from development of new methods to produce DME on a larger scale from natural gas10 and from syngas in a one-step slurry phase process. ...

Christopher A. Frye; André L. Boehman; Peter J. A. Tijm

1999-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

304

Resonance Raman Spectroscopy of 0-A12O3- Supported Vanadium Oxide Catalysts for Butane Dehydrogenation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction; Structure of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-Supported Vanadia Catalysts; Quantification of Surface VOx Species on Supported Vanadia Catalysts; Conclusion; Acknowledgements; and References.

Wu, Zili [ORNL; Kim, Hack-Sung [Northwestern University, Evanston; Stair, Peter [Northwestern University, Evanston

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

==================== !"#$%&'()*+,-+./,0)12 Development of Micro Ejector for Butane Catalytic Combustor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

combustion of the fuel then takes place in the ceramic chamber, and heat generated is used in various micro Combustor, Convergent-divergent Nozzle, Ejector, Back pressure. Fig. 1 Configuration of micro heat generation system. 1. Introduction In order to produce portable power generating devices from hydrocarbon

Kasagi, Nobuhide

306

Thermochemistry of radicals formed by hydrogen abstraction from 1-butanol, 2-methyl-1-propanol, and butanal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and alternative-fuel com- bustion, where they are important as intermediates. Therefore reliable prediction with sparsely available group additivity data, and trends in enthalpy and free energy as a function of radical center are discussed for the isomeric radicals. © 2012 American Institute of Physics. [http

Truhlar, Donald G

307

METHANE AND n-BUTANE OXIDATION WITH CO2 UNDER RADIOFREQUENCY PLASMAS OF MODERATE PRESSURES (*)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

de 35 MHz sous une pression de 20 torr en variant, vitesses de flux (6-301 (TPS) min.-1), et- ponding to the kinetic gas temperature. Spectroscopic investigations [4a, b], carried out under similarW of STEL, Massy, France) by means of two external annular electrodes of copper, 3.5 cm high, set at a fixed

Boyer, Edmond

308

Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen Case  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen Case Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: System & Application Design Website: www.leonardo-energy.org/webinar-introduction-small-scale-wind-energy-s Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/introduction-small-scale-wind-energy- Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Project Development This video teaches the viewer about wind turbines and RETscreen's wind module, which can be used to project the cost and production of a wind

309

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Includes $4.5 billion for the  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Includes $4.5 billion The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Includes $4.5 billion for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Includes $4.5 billion for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability February 25, 2009 - 4:52pm Addthis President Barack Obama signed into law the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (P.L.111-5). The $787 billion economic recovery package represents the largest and most ambitious effort to stimulate the economy in United States history. The Department of Energy (DOE) will be responsible for implementing over $38 billion of the $787 billion package. Of the DOE total, $4.5 Billion is allotted to the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. As outlined in the legislation, these funds are an investment in a

310

Order Module--DOE O 440.1B, WORKER PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DOE (INCLUDING  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

40.1B, WORKER PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DOE 40.1B, WORKER PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DOE (INCLUDING NNSA) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES Order Module--DOE O 440.1B, WORKER PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DOE (INCLUDING NNSA) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES The familiar level of this module is divided into two sections. In the first section, we will discuss the objective, requirements, and the responsibilities assigned to the heads of field elements. In the second section, we will discuss the content of attachment 1, Functional Area Requirements. We have provided examples and a practice to help familiarize you with the material. The practice will also help prepare you for the criterion test. DOE Order Self Study Modules - DOE O 440.1B, Worker Protection Management for DOE (Including the National Nuclear Security Administration) Federal Employees

311

1) What are the current and future communications needs of utilities, including  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

(1) What are the current and future communications needs of utilities, including for the (1) What are the current and future communications needs of utilities, including for the deployment of new Smart Grid applications, and how are these needs being met? The current communication needs of SCE include: telephony, data, video, voice dispatch, mobile data, grid monitoring, grid control, tele-protection, customer communication, load management, automated meter reading, and collaboration capabilities ranging from virtual meetings to e-learning. SCE is using a combination of private, leased, and shared telecommunication networks to support these requirements. Those applications that require high availability, low latency, and stringent security rely on a private telecommunications network (SCEnet). A combination of transport media are

312

Order Module--DOE O 440.1B, WORKER PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DOE (INCLUDING  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Order Module--DOE O 440.1B, WORKER PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DOE Order Module--DOE O 440.1B, WORKER PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DOE (INCLUDING NNSA) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES Order Module--DOE O 440.1B, WORKER PROTECTION PROGRAM FOR DOE (INCLUDING NNSA) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES The familiar level of this module is divided into two sections. In the first section, we will discuss the objective, requirements, and the responsibilities assigned to the heads of field elements. In the second section, we will discuss the content of attachment 1, Functional Area Requirements. We have provided examples and a practice to help familiarize you with the material. The practice will also help prepare you for the criterion test. DOE Order Self Study Modules - DOE O 440.1B, Worker Protection Management for DOE (Including the National Nuclear Security Administration) Federal

313

C3E also includes a network of leaders from the public, private, non-profit  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

C3E also includes a network of leaders from the public, private, non-profit, C3E also includes a network of leaders from the public, private, non-profit, and academic sectors who support advocacy, research, scholarships, hands-on training, funding, and networking opportunities to prepare and inspire young women to enter and thrive in STEM fields. C3E Network participants have pledged many types of commitments, from highlighting female role models to creating hands-on activities for young girls. Ongoing activities include: * Filming and featuring women in clean energy fields on online / TV outlets (Earth Day Network); * Designing pilot projects and expanding Young Women's Conferences at DOE's

314

Including Alternative Resources in State Renewable Portfolio Standards: Current Design and Implementation Experience  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Including Alternative Resources Including Alternative Resources in State Renewable Portfolio Standards: Current Design and Implementation Experience Jenny Heeter and Lori Bird Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-55979 November 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Including Alternative Resources in State Renewable Portfolio Standards: Current Design and Implementation Experience Jenny Heeter and Lori Bird Prepared under Task No. SAO9.3110

315

Force measuring valve assemblies, systems including such valve assemblies and related methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of evaluating a fluid condition may include stroking a valve member and measuring a force acting on the valve member during the stroke. Methods of evaluating a fluid condition may include measuring a force acting on a valve member in the presence of fluid flow over a period of time and evaluating at least one of the frequency of changes in the measured force over the period of time and the magnitude of the changes in the measured force over the period of time to identify the presence of an anomaly in a fluid flow and, optionally, its estimated location. Methods of evaluating a valve condition may include directing a fluid flow through a valve while stroking a valve member, measuring a force acting on the valve member during the stroke, and comparing the measured force to a reference force. Valve assemblies and related systems are also disclosed.

DeWall, Kevin George (Pocatello, ID); Garcia, Humberto Enrique (Idaho Falls, ID); McKellar, Michael George (Idaho Falls, ID)

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

316

Fabrication of contacts for silicon solar cells including printing burn through layers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for fabricating a contact (240) for a solar cell (200). The method includes providing a solar cell substrate (210) with a surface that is covered or includes an antireflective coating (220). For example, the substrate (210) may be positioned adjacent or proximate to an outlet of an inkjet printer (712) or other deposition device. The method continues with forming a burn through layer (230) on the coating (220) by depositing a metal oxide precursor (e.g., using an inkjet or other non-contact printing method to print or apply a volume of liquid or solution containing the precursor). The method includes forming a contact layer (240) comprising silver over or on the burn through layer (230), and then annealing is performed to electrically connect the contact layer (240) to the surface of the solar cell substrate (210) through a portion of the burn through layer (230) and the coating (220).

Ginley, David S; Kaydanova, Tatiana; Miedaner, Alexander; Curtis, Calvin J; Van Hest, Marinus Franciscus Antonius Maria

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

317

Two-dimensional numerical methods in electromagnetic hypersonics including fully coupled Maxwell equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the magnetic field source (solenoid or permanent magnet). To test the technique, we show the results obtainedTwo-dimensional numerical methods in electromagnetic hypersonics including fully coupled Maxwell Keplerlaan 1, 2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands We describe a numerical technique for solving the coupled

D'Ambrosio, Domenic

318

1. INTRODUCTION Bridge engineering is not only about designing but also includes "looking after" and maintain-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. INTRODUCTION Bridge engineering is not only about designing but also includes "looking after" and maintain- ing the service-life of bridges. In the UK, after a period of relative neglect in the 1970s there was a growing awareness of the necessity to safeguard and maintain the stock of bridges as part of the national

319

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 3D nonlinear Schrodinger equation including subcritical cases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 3D nonlinear SchrË?odinger equation including subcritical general encompassing for the first time both subcritical and supercritical (in L 2 ) nonlinearities. We #12; The main contribution of our result is to allow for subcritical and critical (L 2

320

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 3D nonlinear Schrodinger equation including subcritical cases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 3D nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation including subcritical general encompassing for the first time both subcritical and supercritical (in L2 ) nonlinearities. We result is to allow for subcritical and critical (L2 ) nonlinearities, 0

Kirr, Eduard-Wilhelm

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 2D nonlinear Schrodinger equation including subcritical cases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 2D nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation including subcritical encompassing for the first time both subcritical and supercrit- ical (in L2 ) nonlinearities. We study) = ei g(s), R. (1.4) The equation has important applications in statistical physics, optics and water

322

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 2D nonlinear Schrodinger equation including subcritical cases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 2D nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation including subcritical general encompassing for the first time both subcritical and supercritical (in L2 ) nonlinearities. We physics, optics and water waves. For g(s) = s3 , it describes certain limiting behavior of Bose

Zarnescu, Arghir Dani

323

The efficient frontier for a portfolio that includes one risk-free asset  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a description of the efficient frontier of a portfolio composed by three assets, including a risk-free asset. We use a data analysis method to obtain two classes of assets and then we estimate the risk of each asset corresponding ... Keywords: efficient frontier, optimization, portfolio selection, principal component analysis, risk estimation

Florentin Serban; Maria Viorica Stefanescu; Silvia Dedu

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

MAC-Kaust Project P1 CO2 Sequestration Modeling of CO2 sequestration including parameter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAC-Kaust Project P1 ­ CO2 Sequestration Modeling of CO2 sequestration including parameter identification and numerical simulation M. Brokate, O. A. PykhteevHysteresis aspects of CO2 sequestration modeling K-H. Hoffmann, N. D. Botkin Objectives and methods of CO2 sequestration There is a popular belief

Turova, Varvara

325

Functional designed to include surface effects in self-consistent density functional theory R. Armiento1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Functional designed to include surface effects in self-consistent density functional theory R 2005 We design a density-functional-theory DFT exchange-correlation functional that enables an accurate density functional theory1 DFT is a method for electronic structure calculations of unparalleled

Armiento, Rickard

326

Office of River Protection Looks Back on 2014 Achievements, Including Tank Retrieval Progress  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

RICHLAND, Wash. – In 2014, EM’s Office of River Protection (ORP) marked several accomplishments at the Hanford site, including continuing efforts to resolve remaining technical issues with the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP); restarting operations of the 242-A Evaporator; establishing waste acceptance limits for WTP; and continuing progress in waste tank retrievals.

327

Breakfast Pastry Platters Includes a variety of scones, muffins, fruit and cheese Danish and cinnamon rolls.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Breakfast Breakfast Pastry Platters Includes a variety of scones, muffins, fruit and cheese Danish Fruit Tarts, Mini Lemon Tarts and Cream Puffs. (Minimum order 10) ........... each pastry | $2.50 Quiche.) ............................................................................each quiche | $30 Fresh Fruit Salad An assortment of fresh melon, bananas, pineapple, grapes

Liberzon, Daniel

328

What measures climate? A variety of variables including their variability and extreme values determine climate for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

climate zones? The sun is the ultimate power source for the climate "machine". The uneven distribution conditions. Typical variables to consider are temperature (maximum, miniumum), precipitation (includes rain, sleet, snow, hail, etc), sunlight/cloudiness, wind, humidity, ice cover, sea temperature, etc... Many

Allan, Richard P.

329

Solar Energy Education. Home economics: teacher's guide. Field test edition. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An instructional aid is provided for home economics teachers who wish to integrate the subject of solar energy into their classroom activities. This teacher's guide was produced along with the student activities book for home economics by the US Department of Energy Solar Energy Education. A glossary of solar energy terms is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Solar Energy Education. Industrial arts: teacher's guide. Field test edition. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An instructional aid is presented which integrates the subject of solar energy into the classroom study of industrial arts. This guide for teachers was produced in addition to the student activities book for industrial arts by the USDOE Solar Energy Education. A glossary of solar energy terms is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Confirmed speakers include: THE GLOBAL ROLE OF VIRUSES IN BLOOM TERMINATION, BIODIVERSITY AND MARINE ECOLOGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IN BLOOM TERMINATION, BIODIVERSITY AND MARINE ECOLOGY GUNNAR BRATBAK ­ University of Bergen, NorwayConfirmed speakers include: THE GLOBAL ROLE OF VIRUSES IN BLOOM TERMINATION, BIODIVERSITY AND MARINE ECOLOGY GUNNAR BRATBAK ­ University of Bergen, Norway COLLECTION, PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION

Wilhelm, Steven W.

332

Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including the National Nuclear Security Administration) Federal Employees  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Order establishes the framework for an effective worker protection program that will reduce or prevent injuries, illnesses, and accidental losses by providing Department of Energy (DOE), including National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Federal workers with a safe and healthful workplace. Cancels DOE O 440.1A. Certified 6/17/2011. Canceled by DOE O 440.1B Chg 1.

2007-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

333

Accounting for the Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable Devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accounting for the Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable Devices Pavel.S.A vinod.namboodiri@wichita.edu ABSTRACT In light of the increased awareness of global energy consumption the share of energy consumption due to these equipment over the years, these have rarely characterized

Namboodiri, Vinod

334

EARTH SCIENCESEARTH SCIENCESEARTH SCIENCES This major includes a spectrum of disciplines focused on understanding the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EARTH SCIENCESEARTH SCIENCESEARTH SCIENCES This major includes a spectrum of disciplines focused this understanding to read the record of earth history written in rocks and sediments, and on developing models by humans. Opportunities for Students Sigma Gamma Epsilon: The Omega Chapter of the national honorary earth

Krylov, Anna I.

335

Your membership includes: S10health Fitness Centre; Group Fitness Classes; Swimming Pool,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Your membership includes: S10health Fitness Centre; Group Fitness Classes; Swimming Pool, Sauna Standard Price Concessions* (at Off Peak times only) Swimming £4.00 £3.00 Group Fitness Classes (1 hour/45.sport-sheffield.com Support line: 0114 222 6996 #12;Pool Timetable 11th June ­ 23rd September 2012 The Matrix bouldering wall

Li, Yi

336

POLITICAL SCIENCE 2013 SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION (Includes Alumni, Brazil, Francis, Glickman, Hubbard, Young, and Rinn Scholarships)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POLITICAL SCIENCE 2013 SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION (Includes Alumni, Brazil, Francis, Glickman, Hubbard. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Please have a member of the SJSU Political Science faculty who is willing to provide a reference sign this application. Faculty sponsor's signature: Applicant's signature: You can apply for as many Political Science

Su, Xiao

337

Improved One-dimensional Analysis of CMOS Photodiode Including Epitaxial-Substrate Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Improved One-dimensional Analysis of CMOS Photodiode Including Epitaxial-Substrate Junction J. S-dimensional analysis of CMOS photodiode has been derived in which the effect of the substrate, which forms a high-empirical expression exhibits a good agreement with the measured spectral response of n+ pepi photodiodes fabricated

Hornsey, Richard

338

Primal-Dual Interior Point Method Applied to the Short Term Hydroelectric Scheduling Including a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Primal-Dual Interior Point Method Applied to the Short Term Hydroelectric Scheduling Including that minimizes losses in the transmission and costs in the generation of a hydroelectric power system, formulated such perturbing parameter. Keywords-- Hydroelectric power system, Network flow, Predispatch, Primal-dual interior

Oliveira, Aurélio R. L.

339

Student Poster Competition The 2004 UFFC Joint Anniversary Conference will include a Student Poster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Student Poster Competition The 2004 UFFC Joint Anniversary Conference will include a Student Poster to the student's CV. Students who are submitting abstracts for presentation are also invited to participate in this student paper competition. Abstracts submitted by students for the Student Paper Competition

Lu, Jian-yu

340

Humanities: 12 credits (L,H,X,Z) --Must include 6 credits Literature (L)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Humanities: 12 credits (L,H,X,Z) -- Must include 6 credits Literature (L) Social Science: 12-level credits in residence in each major BREADTH of Exploration in the Liberal Arts & Sciences DEPTH of Inquiry in the Liberal Arts & Sciences Mastery of Intermediate/Advanced Work: 60 credits (I,A,D) QUANTITY & QUALITY

Liblit, Ben

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Vertebrates are animals with a backbone and include mammals, birds and fishes. Considering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vertebrates are animals with a backbone and include mammals, birds and fishes. Considering roughly three quarters of the earth is covered in water it should be no surprise that fish are the most numerous vertebrates in the world. According to the Florida Museum of Natural History there are about 28,000 known fish

Watson, Craig A.

342

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Aerial lifts include the following types of vehicle-mounted  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Aerial lifts include the following types of vehicle, if they can be installed safely. Aerial Lifts Safety Tip #11 A spill, a slip, a hospital trip #12;Additional Information for Presenters Review the information provided on the reverse side of this safety tip sheet

Minnesota, University of

343

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Personal fall-protection systems include a body harness (safe-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Personal fall-protection systems include a body harness so they will not be damaged. Personal Fall-Protection Systems Safety Tip #8 Just because you always;Additional Information for Presenters Review the information provided on the reverse side of this safety tip

Minnesota, University of

344

Abstract. Increased ethylene evolution accompanies seed germination of many species including Pisum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. Increased ethylene evolution accompanies seed germination of many species including Pisum sativum L., but only a little is known about the regulation of the ethylene biosynthetic pathway in dierent seed tissues. Biosynthesis of the direct ethylene precursor 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid

Leubner, Gerhard

345

A virtual environment for the interrogation of 3D polycrystalline microstructure including  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A virtual environment for the interrogation of 3D polycrystalline microstructure including grain of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, 101 Frank H.T. Rhodes Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853. The macroscopic response is obtained through volume- averaging laws. A constitutive framework for elasto

Zabaras, Nicholas J.

346

A non-isothermal PEM fuel cell model including two water transport mechanisms in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A non-isothermal PEM fuel cell model including two water transport mechanisms in the membrane K Freiburg Germany A dynamic two-phase flow model for proton exchange mem- brane (PEM) fuel cells and the species concentrations. In order to describe the charge transport in the fuel cell the Poisson equations

Münster, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität

347

Learn more about the summer course which includes a 3 week trip to South Africa.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Learn more about the summer course which includes a 3 week trip to South Africa. The program an introduction to the historical and the con- temporary South Africa as well as at least one post trip meeting@binghamton.edu or Josephine Allen at jaallen@binghamton.edu. Destination South Africa - Summer Course 2012 February 28th

Suzuki, Masatsugu

348

SBIR/STTR Release 2 Topics Announced—Includes Hydrogen and Fuel Cells  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The 2015 Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) Phase I Release 2 topics include fuel cell-battery electric hybrid trucks and in-line quality control devices for polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells.

349

WBS DICTIONARY This dictionary gives a succinct definition of some of the most important tasks included  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

include the 100 kV insulating platform for the EBIS source and its associated power supplies, as well for the solenoid in order to enable use of its magnet field "tails" for the electron beam transmission in areas support structures for the EBIS, the electron gun, the LEBT line, and the external ion sources. It also

350

NUMERICAL MODELING OF DEFORMATION AND FRACTURE OF WOOD INCLUDING HETEROGENEITY AND ANISOTROPY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NUMERICAL MODELING OF DEFORMATION AND FRACTURE OF WOOD INCLUDING HETEROGENEITY AND ANISOTROPY John A. Nairn Wood Science & Engineering, Oregon State University, USA Abstract The challenge in numerical modeling of wood is to have the model closely match the structure of a real specimen. The model

Nairn, John A.

351

The Peach State Alliance is a coalition of seven higher education institutions, including  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Peach State Alliance is a coalition of seven higher education institutions, including Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation (PS-LSAMP) About the Peach State Alliance "Educating the next, and receive financial support." Stephanie Hernandez Biology Major #12;The Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority

Weber, Rodney

352

Professor Eikichi IsoProfessor Eikichi IsoProfessor Eikichi IsoProfessor Eikichi Iso''''s Workplaces Workplaces Workplaces Workplace ((((Former Workplace of Advanced Academy of Agriculture and ForestryFormer Workplace of Advanced Academy of Agriculture an  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

''''s Workplaces Workplaces Workplaces Workplace ((((Former Workplace of Advanced Academy of Agriculture and ForestryFormer Workplace of Advanced Academy of Agriculture and ForestryFormer Workplace of Advanced Academy of Agriculture and ForestryFormer Workplace of Advanced Academy of Agriculture and Forestry

Wu, Yih-Min

353

Hydraulically actuated fuel injector including a pilot operated spool valve assembly and hydraulic system using same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to hydraulic systems including hydraulically actuated fuel injectors that have a pilot operated spool valve assembly. One class of hydraulically actuated fuel injectors includes a solenoid driven pilot valve that controls the initiation of the injection event. However, during cold start conditions, hydraulic fluid, typically engine lubricating oil, is particularly viscous and is often difficult to displace through the relatively small drain path that is defined past the pilot valve member. Because the spool valve typically responds slower than expected during cold start due to the difficulty in displacing the relatively viscous oil, accurate start of injection timing can be difficult to achieve. There also exists a greater difficulty in reaching the higher end of the cold operating speed range. Therefore, the present invention utilizes a fluid evacuation valve to aid in displacement of the relatively viscous oil during cold start conditions.

Shafer, Scott F. (Morton, IL)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

The structure of hypersonic shock waves using Navier-Stokes equations modified to include mass diffusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Howard Brenner has recently proposed modifications to the Navier-Stokes equations that relate to a diffusion of fluid volume that would be significant for flows with high density gradients. In a previous paper (Greenshields & Reese, 2007), we found these modifications gave good predictions of the viscous structure of shock waves in argon in the range Mach 1.0-12.0 (while conventional Navier-Stokes equations are known to fail above about Mach 2). However, some areas of concern with this model were a somewhat arbitrary choice of modelling coefficient, and potentially unphysical and unstable solutions. In this paper, we therefore present slightly different modifications to include molecule mass diffusion fully in the Navier-Stokes equations. These modifications are shown to be stable and produce physical solutions to the shock problem of a quality broadly similar to those from the family of extended hydrodynamic models that includes the Burnett equations. The modifications primarily add a diffusion term to t...

Greenshields, Christopher J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Method for pulse control in a laser including a stimulated brillouin scattering mirror system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser system, such as a master oscillator/power amplifier system, comprises a gain medium and a stimulated Brillouin scattering SBS mirror system. The SBS mirror system includes an in situ filtered SBS medium that comprises a compound having a small negative non-linear index of refraction, such as a perfluoro compound. An SBS relay telescope having a telescope focal point includes a baffle at the telescope focal point which blocks off angle beams. A beam splitter is placed between the SBS mirror system and the SBS relay telescope, directing a fraction of the beam to an alternate beam path for an alignment fiducial. The SBS mirror system has a collimated SBS cell and a focused SBS cell. An adjustable attenuator is placed between the collimated SBS cell and the focused SBS cell, by which pulse width of the reflected beam can be adjusted.

Dane, C. Brent (Livermore, CA); Hackel, Lloyd (Livermore, CA); Harris, Fritz B. (Rocklin, CA)

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

356

Analysis of the Thermonuclear Instability including Low-Power ICRH Minority Heating in IGNITOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nonlinear thermal balance equation for classical plasma in a toroidal geometry is analytically and numerically investigated including ICRH power. The determination of the equilibrium temperature and the analysis of the stability of the solution are performed by solving the energy balance equation that includes the transport relations obtained by the kinetic theory. An estimation of the confinement time is also provided. We show that the ICRH heating in the IGNITOR experiment, among other applications, is expected to stabilize the power of the thermonuclear burning by automatic regulation of the RF coupled power. Here a scenario is considered where IGNITOR is led to operate in a slightly sub-critical regime by adding a small fraction of ${}^3He$ to the nominal 50-50 Deuterium-Tritium mixture. The difference between power lost and alpha heating is compensated by additional ICRH heating, which should be able to increase the global plasma temperature via collisions between ${}^3He$ minority and the background...

Cardinali, Alessandro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Policy Flash 2013-49 Updating Reporting Requirement Checklist including the  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Policy Flash 2013-49 Updating Reporting Requirement Checklist Policy Flash 2013-49 Updating Reporting Requirement Checklist including the research performance progress report Policy Flash 2013-49 Updating Reporting Requirement Checklist including the research performance progress report Questions concerning this policy flash should be directed to Ellen Colligan, of the Contract and Financial Assistance Policy Division, Office of Contract Management, Office of Acquisition and Project Management at (202) 287-1776, Ellen.colligan@hq.doe.gov Policy Flash 2013-49.pdf Attch_FA_RepReqChecklist_COMBINED_FINAL_4-23-13 (3).pdf More Documents & Publications ATTACHMENT FLASH 2011-46(6) Federal Assistance Reporting Checklist and Instructions for Projects Federal Assistance Reporting Checklist and Instructions for RD&D Projects

358

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" 6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and",,"LPG and","(excluding Coal"," " "End Use","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)"

359

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998;" 1. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ","Coal"," "," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"(excluding Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural Gas(c)","LPG and","Coke and Breeze)"," ","RSE" " ","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","(billion","NGL(d)","(million","Other(e)","Row"

360

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998;" 2. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," "," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal",,"RSE" " "," ","Net","Residual","and",,"LPG and","(excluding Coal"," ","Row" "End Use","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)","Factors"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" 5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ","Coal"," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"(excluding Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural Gas(c)","LPG and","Coke and Breeze)"," " " ","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","(billion","NGL(d)","(million","Other(e)"

362

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2002;" 5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," "," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural ","LPG and","(excluding Coal"," ","RSE" " ","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)","Row"

363

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" 6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and",,"LPG and","(excluding Coal"," " "End Use","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)"

364

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2002;" 6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," "," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal",,"RSE" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural ","LPG and","(excluding Coal"," ","Row" "End Use","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)","Factors"

365

Certification and Accreditation Process for Information Systems Including National Security Systems  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Notice ensures the effectiveness of security controls on DOE Federal information systems including national security systems. The Notice will also ensure compliance with the requirements of DOE O 205.1, Department of Energy Cyber Security Management Program, dated 3-21-03, and protect DOE information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, modification, or destruction. No cancellations. DOE N 205.15, dated 3-18-05, extends this directive until 3-18-06.

2004-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

366

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" 5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ","Coal"," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"(excluding Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural Gas(c)","LPG and","Coke and Breeze)"," " " ","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","(billion","NGL(d)","(million","Other(e)"

367

Method and system including a double rotary kiln pyrolysis or gasification of waste material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of destructively distilling an organic material in particulate form wherein the particulates are introduced through an inlet into one end of an inner rotating kiln ganged to and coaxial with an outer rotating kiln. The inner and outer kilns define a cylindrical annular space with the inlet being positioned in registry with the axis of rotation of the ganged kilns. During operation, the temperature of the wall of the inner rotary kiln at the inlet is not less than about 500.degree. C. to heat the particulate material to a temperature in the range of from about 200.degree. C. to about 900.degree. C. in a pyrolyzing atmosphere to reduce the particulate material as it moves from the one end toward the other end. The reduced particulates including char are transferred to the annular space between the inner and the outer rotating kilns near the other end of the inner rotating kiln and moved longitudinally in the annular space from near the other end toward the one end in the presence of oxygen to combust the char at an elevated temperature to produce a waste material including ash. Also, heat is provided which is transferred to the inner kiln. The waste material including ash leaves the outer rotating kiln near the one end and the pyrolysis vapor leaves through the particulate material inlet.

McIntosh, Michael J. (Bolingbrook, IL); Arzoumanidis, Gregory G. (Naperville, IL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Swozzle based burner tube premixer including inlet air conditioner for low emissions combustion  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A burner for use in a combustion system of a heavy-duty industrial gas turbine includes a fuel/air premixer having an air inlet, a fuel inlet, and an annular mixing passage. The fuel/air premixer mixes fuel and air into a uniform mixture for injection into a combustor reaction zone. The burner also includes an inlet flow conditioner disposed at the air inlet of the fuel/air premixer for controlling a radial and circumferential distribution of incoming air. The pattern of perforations in the inlet flow conditioner is designed such that a uniform air flow distribution is produced at the swirler inlet annulus in both the radial and circumference directions. The premixer includes a swozzle assembly having a series of preferably air foil shaped turning vanes that impart swirl to the airflow entering via the inlet flow conditioner. Each air foil contains internal fuel flow passages that introduce natural gas fuel into the air stream via fuel metering holes that pass through the walls of the air foil shaped turning vanes. By injecting fuel in this manner, an aerodynamically clean flow field is maintained throughout the premixer. By injecting fuel via two separate passages, the fuel/air mixture strength distribution can be controlled in the radial direction to obtain optimum radial concentration profiles for control of emissions, lean blow outs, and combustion driven dynamic pressure activity as machine and combustor load are varied.

Tuthill, Richard Sterling (Bolton, CT); Bechtel, II, William Theodore (Scotia, NY); Benoit, Jeffrey Arthur (Scotia, NY); Black, Stephen Hugh (Duanesburg, NY); Bland, Robert James (Clifton Park, NY); DeLeonardo, Guy Wayne (Scotia, NY); Meyer, Stefan Martin (Troy, NY); Taura, Joseph Charles (Clifton Park, NY); Battaglioli, John Luigi (Glenville, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

A method and system including a double rotary kiln pyrolysis or gasification of waste material  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is described for destructively distilling an organic material in particulate form wherein the particulates are introduced through an inlet into one end of an inner rotating kiln ganged to and coaxial with an outer rotating kiln. The inner and outer kilns define a cylindrical annular space with the inlet being positioned in registry with the axis of rotation of the ganged kilns. During operation, the temperature of the wall of the inner rotary kiln at the inlet is not less than about 500 C to heat the particulate material to a temperature in the range of from about 200 C to about 900 C in a pyrolyzing atmosphere to reduce the particulate material as it moves from the one end toward the other end. The reduced particulates including char are transferred to the annular space between the inner and the outer rotating kilns near the other end of the inner rotating kiln and moved longitudinally in the annular space from near the other end toward the one end in the presence of oxygen to combust the char at an elevated temperature to produce a waste material including ash. Also, heat is provided which is transferred to the inner kiln. The waste material including ash leaves the outer rotating kiln near the one end and the pyrolysis vapor leaves through the particulate material inlet.

McIntosh, M.J.; Arzoumanidis, G.G.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

370

Method and system including a double rotary kiln pyrolysis or gasification of waste material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for destructively distilling an organic material in particulate form wherein the particulates are introduced through an inlet into one end of an inner rotating kiln ganged to and coaxial with an outer rotating kiln. The inner and outer kilns define a cylindrical annular space with the inlet being positioned in registry with the axis of rotation of the ganged kilns. During operation, the temperature of the wall of the inner rotary kiln at the inlet is not less than about 500 C to heat the particulate material to a temperature in the range of from about 200 C to about 900 C in a pyrolyzing atmosphere to reduce the particulate material as it moves from the one end toward the other end. The reduced particulates including char are transferred to the annular space between the inner and the outer rotating kilns near the other end of the inner rotating kiln and moved longitudinally in the annular space from near the other end toward the one end in the presence of oxygen to combust the char at an elevated temperature to produce a waste material including ash. Also, heat is provided which is transferred to the inner kiln. The waste material including ash leaves the outer rotating kiln near the one end and the pyrolysis vapor leaves through the particulate material inlet. 5 figs.

McIntosh, M.J.; Arzoumanidis, G.G.

1997-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

371

Cesium and strontium extraction using a mixed extractant solvent including crown ether and calixarene extractants  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mixed extractant solvent including calix[4]arene-bis-(tert-octylbenzo)-crown-6 ("BOBCalixC6"), 4',4',(5')-di-(t-butyldicyclo-hexano)-18-crown-6 ("DtBu18C6"), and at least one modifier dissolved in a diluent. The mixed extractant solvent may be used to remove cesium and strontium from an acidic solution. The DtBu18C6 may be present from approximately 0.01 M to approximately 0.4M, such as from approximately 0.086 M to approximately 0.108 M. The modifier may be 1-(2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropoxy)-3-(4-sec-butylphenoxy)-2-propanol ("Cs-7SB") and may be present from approximately 0.01M to approximately 0.8M. In one embodiment, the mixed extractant solvent includes approximately 0.15M DtBu18C6, approximately 0.007M BOBCalixC6, and approximately 0.75M Cs-7SB modifier dissolved in an isoparaffinic hydrocarbon diluent. The mixed extractant solvent may form an organic phase in an extraction system that also includes an aqueous phase. Methods of extracting cesium and strontium as well as strontium alone are also disclosed.

Meikrantz, David H. (Idaho Falls, ID); Todd, Terry A. (Aberdeen, ID); Riddle, Catherine L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Law, Jack D. (Pocatello, ID); Peterman, Dean R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Mincher, Bruce J. (Idaho Falls, ID); McGrath, Christopher A. (Blackfoot, ID); Baker, John D. (Blackfoot, ID)

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

372

Process For Controlling Flow Rate Of Viscous Materials Including Use Of Nozzle With Changeable Openings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus and a method for controlling the flow rate of viscous materials through a nozzle includes an apertured main body and an apertured end cap coupled together and having an elongated, linear flow channel extending the length thereof. An end of the main body is disposed within the end cap and includes a plurality of elongated slots concentrically disposed about and aligned with the flow channel. A generally flat cam plate having a center aperture is disposed between the main body and end cap and is rotatable about the flow channel. A plurality of flow control vane assemblies are concentrically disposed about the flow channel and are coupled to the cam plate. Each vane assembly includes a vane element disposed adjacent the end of the flow channel. Rotation of the cam plate in a first direction causes a corresponding rotation of each of the vane elements for positioning the individual vane elements over the aperture in the end cap blocking flow through the flow channel, while rotation in an opposite direction removes the vane elements from the aperture and positions them about the flow channel in a nested configuration in the full open position, with a continuous range of vane element positions available between the full open and closed positions.

Ellingson, William A. (Naperville, IL); Forster, George A. (Westmont, IL)

1999-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

373

Nuclear relativistic Hartree-Fock calculations including pions interacting with a scalar field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of pions on the nuclear shell structure is analyzed in a relativistic Hartree-Fock approximation (RHFA). The Lagrangian includes, in particular, a mixture of {pi}N pseudoscalar (PS) and pseudovector (PV) couplings, self-interactions of the scalar field {sigma} and a {sigma} - {pi} interaction that dresses pions with an effective mass (m*{sub {pi}}). It is found that an increase of m*{sub {pi}} strongly reduces the unrealistic effect of pions, keeping roughly unchanged their contribution to the total binding energy.

Marcos, S.; Lopez-Quelle, M.; Niembro, R.; Savushkin, L. N. [Departamento de Fisica Moderna, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander (Spain); Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander (Spain); Departamento de Fisica Moderna, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander (Spain); Department of Physics, St. Petersburg University for Telecommunications, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

374

THERMOHALINE INSTABILITIES INSIDE STARS: A SYNTHETIC STUDY INCLUDING EXTERNAL TURBULENCE AND RADIATIVE LEVITATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have derived a new expression for the thermohaline mixing coefficient in stars, including the effects of radiative levitation and external turbulence, by solving Boussinesq equations in a nearly incompressible stratified fluid with a linear approximation. It is well known that radiative levitation of individual elements can lead to their accumulation in specific stellar layers. In some cases, it can induce important effects on the stellar structure. Here we confirm that this accumulation is moderated by thermohaline convection due to the resulting inverse {mu}-gradient. The new coefficient that we have derived shows that the effect of radiative accelerations on the thermohaline instability itself is small. This effect must however be checked in all computations. We also confirm that the presence of large horizontal turbulence can reduce or even suppress the thermohaline convection. These results are important as they concern all the cases of heavy element accumulation in stars. Computations of radiative diffusion must be revisited to include thermohaline convection and its consequences. It may be one of the basic reasons for the fact that the observed abundances are always smaller than those predicted by pure atomic diffusion. In any case, these processes have to compete with rotation-induced mixing, but this competition is more complex than previously thought due to their mutual interaction.

Vauclair, Sylvie; Theado, Sylvie, E-mail: sylvie.vauclair@irap.omp.eu [Universite de Toulouse, UPS-OMP and CNRS, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planetologie, 14 avenue Edouard Belin, F-31400 Toulouse (France)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Zirconium-based alloys, nuclear fuel rods and nuclear reactors including such alloys, and related methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Zirconium-based metal alloy compositions comprise zirconium, a first additive in which the permeability of hydrogen decreases with increasing temperatures at least over a temperature range extending from 350.degree. C. to 750.degree. C., and a second additive having a solubility in zirconium over the temperature range extending from 350.degree. C. to 750.degree. C. At least one of a solubility of the first additive in the second additive over the temperature range extending from 350.degree. C. to 750.degree. C. and a solubility of the second additive in the first additive over the temperature range extending from 350.degree. C. to 750.degree. C. is higher than the solubility of the second additive in zirconium over the temperature range extending from 350.degree. C. to 750.degree. C. Nuclear fuel rods include a cladding material comprising such metal alloy compositions, and nuclear reactors include such fuel rods. Methods are used to fabricate such zirconium-based metal alloy compositions.

Mariani, Robert Dominick

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

376

Calculation of $P_ and $T_ odd effects in $"" sup 205_TIF including electron correlation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A method and codes for two-step correlation calculation of heavy-atom molecules have been developed, employing the generalized relativistic effective core potential and relativistic coupled cluster (RCC) methods at the first step, followed by nonvariational one-center restoration of proper four-component spinors in the heavy cores. Electron correlation is included for the first time in an ab initio calculation of the interaction of the permanent P,T-odd proton electric dipole moment with the internal electromagnetic field in a molecule. The calculation is performed for the ground state of TlF at the experimental equilibrium, R_e=2.0844 A, and at R=2.1 A, with spin-orbit and correlation effects included by RCC. Calculated results with single cluster amplitudes only are in good agreement (3% and 1%) with recent Dirac-Hartree-Fock (DHF) values of the magnetic parameter M; the larger differences occurring between present and DHF volume parameter (X) values, as well as between the two DHF calculations, are explained. Inclusion of electron correlation by GRECP/RCC with single and double excitations has a major effect on the P,T-odd parameters, decreasing M by 17% and X by 22%.

A. N. Petrov; N. S. Mosyagin; T. A. Isaev; A. V. Titov; V. F. Ezhov; E. Eliav; U. Kaldor

2001-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

377

Should Title 24 Ventilation Requirements Be Amended to include an Indoor Air Quality Procedure?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Minimum outdoor air ventilation rates (VRs) for buildings are specified in standards, including California?s Title 24 standards. The ASHRAE ventilation standard includes two options for mechanically-ventilated buildings ? a prescriptive ventilation rate procedure (VRP) that specifies minimum VRs that vary among occupancy classes, and a performance-based indoor air quality procedure (IAQP) that may result in lower VRs than the VRP, with associated energy savings, if IAQ meeting specified criteria can be demonstrated. The California Energy Commission has been considering the addition of an IAQP to the Title 24 standards. This paper, based on a review of prior data and new analyses of the IAQP, evaluates four future options for Title 24: no IAQP; adding an alternate VRP, adding an equivalent indoor air quality procedure (EIAQP), and adding an improved ASHRAE-like IAQP. Criteria were established for selecting among options, and feedback was obtained in a workshop of stakeholders. Based on this review, the addition of an alternate VRP is recommended. This procedure would allow lower minimum VRs if a specified set of actions were taken to maintain acceptable IAQ. An alternate VRP could also be a valuable supplement to ASHRAE?s ventilation standard.

Dutton, Spencer M.; Mendell, Mark J.; Chan, Wanyu R.

2013-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

378

Coupled multi-body dynamics and CFD for wind turbine simulation including explicit wind turbulence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A high fidelity approach for wind turbine aero-elastic simulations including explicit representation of the atmospheric wind turbulence is presented. The approach uses a dynamic overset computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code for the aerodynamics coupled with a multi-body dynamics (MBD) code for the motion responses to the aerodynamic loads. Mann's wind turbulence model was implemented into the CFD code as boundary and initial conditions. The wind turbulence model was validated by comparing the theoretical one-point spectrum for the three components of the velocity fluctuations, and by comparing the expected statistics from the CFD simulated wind turbulent field with the explicit wind turbulence inlet boundary from Mann model. Extensive simulations based on the proposed coupled approach were conducted with the conceptual NREL 5-MW offshore wind turbine in an increasing level of complexity, analyzing the turbine behavior as elasticity, wind shear and atmospheric wind turbulence are added to the simulations. Results are compared with the publicly available simulations results from OC3 participants, showing good agreement for the aerodynamic loads and blade tip deflections in time and frequency domains. Wind turbulence/turbine interaction was examined for the wake flow. It was found that explicit turbulence addition results in considerably increased wake diffusion. The coupled CFD/MBD approach can be extended to include multibody models of the shaft, bearings, gearbox and generator, resulting in a promising tool for wind turbine design under complex operational environments.

Y. Li; A.M. Castro; T. Sinokrot; W. Prescott; P.M. Carrica

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity; Unit: Trillion Btu. Distillate Fuel Oil Coal Net Residual and LPG and (excluding Coal End Use Total Electricity(a) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(b) Natural Gas(c) NGL(d) Coke and Breeze) Other(e) Total United States TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 15,658 2,850 251 129 5,512 79 1,016 5,820 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fue -- 41 133 23 2,119 8 547 -- Conventional Boiler Use 41 71 17 1,281 8 129 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 62 6 838 1 417 Direct Uses-Total Process -- 2,244 62 52 2,788 39 412 -- Process Heating -- 346 59 19 2,487 32 345 -- Process Cooling and Refrigeration -- 206 * 1 32 * * -- Machine Drive

380

Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 2 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity; Unit: Trillion Btu. Distillate Fuel Oil Coal NAICS Net Residual and LPG and (excluding Coal Code(a) End Use Total Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(c) Natural Gas(d) NGL(e) Coke and Breeze) Other(f) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 15,658 2,850 251 129 5,512 79 1,016 5,820 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel -- 41 133 23 2,119 8 547 -- Conventional Boiler Use -- 41 71 17 1,281 8 129 -- CHP and/or Cogeneration Process -- -- 62 6 838 1 417 -- Direct Uses-Total Process -- 2,244 62 52 2,788 39 412 -- Process Heating -- 346 59 19 2,487

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Table 5.8 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity; Unit: Trillion Btu. Distillate Fuel Oil Coal Net Demand Residual and LPG and (excluding Coal End Use for Electricity(a) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(b) Natural Gas(c) NGL(d) Coke and Breeze) Total United States TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 3,335 251 129 5,512 79 1,016 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel 84 133 23 2,119 8 547 Conventional Boiler Use 84 71 17 1,281 8 129 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 62 6 838 1 417 Direct Uses-Total Process 2,639 62 52 2,788 39 412 Process Heating 379 59 19 2,487 32 345 Process Cooling and Refrigeration

382

Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 1 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Distillate Coal Fuel Oil (excluding Coal Net Residual and Natural Gas(d) LPG and Coke and Breeze) NAICS Total Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(c) (billion NGL(e) (million Other(f) Code(a) End Use (trillion Btu) (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) (trillion Btu) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 15,658 835,382 40 22 5,357 21 46 5,820 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel -- 12,109 21 4 2,059 2 25 -- Conventional Boiler Use -- 12,109 11 3 1,245 2 6 -- CHP and/or Cogeneration Process

383

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 7 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Distillate Coal Fuel Oil (excluding Coal Net Demand Residual and Natural Gas(c) LPG and Coke and Breeze) for Electricity(a) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(b) (billion NGL(d) (million End Use (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) Total United States TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 977,338 40 22 5,357 21 46 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel 24,584 21 4 2,059 2 25 Conventional Boiler Use 24,584 11 3 1,245 2 6 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 10 1 814 * 19 Direct Uses-Total Process 773,574 10 9 2,709 10 19 Process Heating

384

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Distillate Coal Fuel Oil (excluding Coal Net Residual and Natural Gas(c) LPG and Coke and Breeze) Total Electricity(a) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(b) (billion NGL(d) (million Other(e) End Use (trillion Btu) (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) (trillion Btu) Total United States TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 15,658 835,382 40 22 5,357 21 46 5,820 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel -- 12,109 21 4 2,059 2 25 -- Conventional Boiler Use 12,109 11 3 1,245 2 6 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 10 1 814 * 19 Direct Uses-Total Process

385

The Food Crises: A quantitative model of food prices including speculators and ethanol conversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent increases in basic food prices are severely impacting vulnerable populations worldwide. Proposed causes such as shortages of grain due to adverse weather, increasing meat consumption in China and India, conversion of corn to ethanol in the US, and investor speculation on commodity markets lead to widely differing implications for policy. A lack of clarity about which factors are responsible reinforces policy inaction. Here, for the first time, we construct a dynamic model that quantitatively agrees with food prices. The results show that the dominant causes of price increases are investor speculation and ethanol conversion. Models that just treat supply and demand are not consistent with the actual price dynamics. The two sharp peaks in 2007/2008 and 2010/2011 are specifically due to investor speculation, while an underlying upward trend is due to increasing demand from ethanol conversion. The model includes investor trend following as well as shifting between commodities, equities and bonds to take ad...

Lagi, Marco; Bertrand, Karla Z; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Polymerase chain reaction system using magnetic beads for analyzing a sample that includes nucleic acid  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A polymerase chain reaction system for analyzing a sample containing nucleic acid includes providing magnetic beads; providing a flow channel having a polymerase chain reaction chamber, a pre polymerase chain reaction magnet position adjacent the polymerase chain reaction chamber, and a post pre polymerase magnet position adjacent the polymerase chain reaction chamber. The nucleic acid is bound to the magnetic beads. The magnetic beads with the nucleic acid flow to the pre polymerase chain reaction magnet position in the flow channel. The magnetic beads and the nucleic acid are washed with ethanol. The nucleic acid in the polymerase chain reaction chamber is amplified. The magnetic beads and the nucleic acid are separated into a waste stream containing the magnetic beads and a post polymerase chain reaction mix containing the nucleic acid. The reaction mix containing the nucleic acid flows to an analysis unit in the channel for analysis.

Nasarabadi, Shanavaz (Livermore, CA)

2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

387

Heavy quark collisional energy loss in the quark-gluon plasma including finite relaxation time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we calculate the soft-collisional energy loss of heavy quarks traversing the viscous quark-gluon plasma including the effects of a finite relaxation time $\\tau_\\pi$ on the energy loss. We find that the collisional energy loss depends appreciably on $\\tau_\\pi$ . In particular, for typical values of the viscosity-to-entropy ratio, we show that the energy loss obtained using $\\tau_\\pi$ = 0 can be $\\sim$ 10$\\%$ larger than the one obtained using $\\tau_\\pi$ = 0. Moreover, we find that the energy loss obtained using the kinetic theory expression for $\\tau_\\pi$ is much larger that the one obtained with the $\\tau_\\pi$ derived from the Anti de Sitter/Conformal Field Theory correspondence. Our results may be relevant in the modeling of heavy quark evolution through the quark-gluon plasma.

Mauro Elias; J. Peralta-Ramos; E. Calzetta

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

388

Frequency-dependent polarizability of helium including relativistic effects with nuclear recoil terms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future metrology standards will be partly based on physical quantities computed from first principles rather than measured. In particular, a new pressure standard can be established if the dynamic polarizability of helium can be determined from theory with an uncertainty smaller than 0.2 ppm. We present calculations of the frequency-dependent part of this quantity including relativistic effects with full account of leading nuclear recoil terms and using highly optimized explicitly correlated basis sets. A particular emphasis is put on uncertainty estimates. At the He-Ne laser wavelength of 632.9908 nm, the computed polarizability value of 1.391 811 41 a.u. has uncertainty of 0.1 ppm that is two orders of magnitude smaller than those of the most accurate polarizability measurements. We also obtained an accurate expansion of the helium refractive index in powers of density.

Piszczatowski, Konrad; Komasa, Jacek; Jeziorski, Bogumil; Szalewicz, Krzysztof

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

A high liquid yield process for retorting various organic materials including oil shale  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention is a continuous retorting process for various high molecular weight organic materials, including oil shale, that yields an enhanced output of liquid product. The organic material, mineral matter, and an acidic catalyst, that appreciably adsorbs alkenes on surface sites at prescribed temperatures, are mixed and introduced into a pyrolyzer. A circulating stream of olefin enriched pyrolysis gas is continuously swept through the organic material and catalyst, whereupon, as the result of pyrolysis, the enhanced liquid product output is provided. Mixed spent organic material, mineral matter, and cool catalyst are continuously withdrawn from the pyrolyzer. Combustion of the spent organic material and mineral matter serves to reheat the catalyst. Olefin depleted pyrolysis gas, from the pyrolyzer, is enriched in olefins and recycled into the pyrolyzer. The reheated acidic catalyst is separated from the mineral matter and again mixed with fresh organic material, to maintain the continuously cyclic process. 2 figs.

Coburn, T.T.

1988-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

390

High liquid yield process for retorting various organic materials including oil shale  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention is a continuous retorting process for various high molecular weight organic materials, including oil shale, that yields an enhanced output of liquid product. The organic material, mineral matter, and an acidic catalyst, that appreciably adsorbs alkenes on surface sites at prescribed temperatures, are mixed and introduced into a pyrolyzer. A circulating stream of olefin enriched pyrolysis gas is continuously swept through the organic material and catalyst, whereupon, as the result of pyrolysis, the enhanced liquid product output is provided. Mixed spent organic material, mineral matter, and cool catalyst are continuously withdrawn from the pyrolyzer. Combustion of the spent organic material and mineral matter serves to reheat the catalyst. Olefin depleted pyrolysis gas, from the pyrolyzer, is enriched in olefins and recycled into the pyrolyzer. The reheated acidic catalyst is separated from the mineral matter and again mixed with fresh organic material, to maintain the continuously cyclic process.

Coburn, Thomas T. (Livermore, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Including radiative heat transfer and reaction quenching in modeling a Claus plant waste heat boiler  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to increasingly stringent sulfur emission regulations, improvements are necessary in the modified Claus process. A recently proposed model by Nasato et al. for the Claus plant waste heat boiler (WHB) is improved by including radiative heat transfer, which yields significant changes in the predicted heat flux and the temperature profile along the WHB tube, leading to a faster quenching of chemical reactions. For the WHB considered, radiation accounts for approximately 20% of the heat transferred by convection alone. More importantly, operating the WHB at a higher gas mass flux is shown to enhance reaction quenching, resulting in a doubling of the predicted hydrogen flow rate. This increase in hydrogen flow rate is sufficient to completely meet the hydrogen requirement of the H[sub 2]S recovery process considered, which would eliminate the need for a hydrogen plant.

Karan, K.; Mehrotra, A.K.; Behie, L.A. (Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering)

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Ionization potential of {sup 9}Be calculated including nuclear motion and relativistic corrections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Variational calculations employing explicitly correlated Gaussian functions have been performed for the ground states of {sup 9}Be and {sup 9}Be{sup +} including the nuclear motion [i.e., without assuming the Born-Oppenheimer (BO) approximation]. An approach based on the analytical energy gradient calculated with respect to the Gaussian exponential parameters was employed, leading to energies of the two systems noticeably improved over those found in the recent paper of Pachucki and Komasa [Phys. Rev. A 73, 052502 (2006)]. The non-BO wave functions were used to calculate the {alpha}{sup 2} relativistic corrections ({alpha}=e{sup 2}/({Dirac_h}/2{pi})c). With those corrections and the {alpha}{sup 3} and {alpha}{sup 4} corrections taken from Pachucki and Komasa, a new value of the ionization potential (IP) of {sup 9}Be was determined. It agrees very well with the most recent experimental IP.

Stanke, Monika [Department of Chemistry, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Institute of Physics, Nicholas Copernicus University, ulica Grudziadzka 5, PL 87-100 Torun (Poland); Kedziera, Dariusz [Department of Chemistry, Nicholas Copernicus University, ulica Gagarina 7, PL 87-100 Torun (Poland); Bubin, Sergiy [Department of Chemistry, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Adamowicz, Ludwik [Department of Chemistry, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

393

Non-Born-Oppenheimer calculations of the lowest vibrational energy of HD including relativistic corrections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work we report variational calculations of the two lowest vibrational states of the HD molecule within the framework that does not assume the Born-Oppenheimer (BO) approximation. The nonrelativistic energies of the states were corrected for the relativistic effects of the order of ?2 (where ?=1c), calculated as expectation values of the operators representing these effects with the nonrelativistic non-BO wave functions. The non-BO wave functions were expanded in terms of the one-center explicitly correlated Gaussian functions multiplied by even powers of the internuclear distance. The v=0?1 transition energy obtained in the calculations is compared with the previous calculations, as well as with the transition frequency obtained from the experimental spectra. The comparison shows the need to include corrections higher than second order in ? to further improve the agreement between the theory and the experiment.

Monika Stanke; Sergiy Bubin; Marcin Molski; Ludwik Adamowicz

2009-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

394

Simulation of thermal reset transitions in resistive switching memories including quantum effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An in-depth study of reset processes in RRAMs (Resistive Random Access Memories) based on Ni/HfO{sub 2}/Si-n{sup +} structures has been performed. To do so, we have developed a physically based simulator where both ohmic and tunneling based conduction regimes are considered along with the thermal description of the devices. The devices under study have been successfully fabricated and measured. The experimental data are correctly reproduced with the simulator for devices with a single conductive filament as well as for devices including several conductive filaments. The contribution of each conduction regime has been explained as well as the operation regimes where these ohmic and tunneling conduction processes dominate.

Villena, M. A.; Jiménez-Molinos, F.; Roldán, J. B. [Departamento de Electrónica y Tecnología de Computadores, Universidad de Granada, Facultad de Ciencias, Avd. Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada (Spain); González, M. B.; Campabadal, F. [Institut de Microelectrònica de Barcelona, IMB-CNM (CSIC), Campus UAB, 08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Suñé, J.; Miranda, E. [Departament d'Enginyeria Electrònica, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra Cerdanyola del Vallès 08193 (Spain); Romera, E. [Departamento de Física Atómica, Molecular y Nuclear and Instituto Carlos I de Física Teórica y Computacional, Universidad de Granada, Avd. Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada (Spain)

2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

395

Comparative chloroplast genomics: Analyses including new sequencesfrom the angiosperms Nuphar advena and Ranunculus macranthus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The number of completely sequenced plastid genomes available is growing rapidly. This new array of sequences presents new opportunities to perform comparative analyses. In comparative studies, it is most useful to compare across wide phylogenetic spans and, within angiosperms, to include representatives from basally diverging lineages such as the new genomes reported here: Nuphar advena (from a basal-most lineage) and Ranunculus macranthus (from the basal group of eudicots). We report these two new plastid genome sequences and make comparisons (within angiosperms, seed plants, or all photosynthetic lineages) to evaluate features such as the status of ycf15 and ycf68 as protein coding genes, the distribution of simple sequence repeats (SSRs) and longer dispersed repeats (SDR), and patterns of nucleotide composition.

Raubeso, Linda A.; Peery, Rhiannon; Chumley, Timothy W.; Dziubek,Chris; Fourcade, H. Matthew; Boore, Jeffrey L.; Jansen, Robert K.

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Engine including hydraulically actuated valvetrain and method of valve overlap control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An exhaust valve control method may include displacing an exhaust valve in communication with the combustion chamber of an engine to an open position using a hydraulic exhaust valve actuation system and returning the exhaust valve to a closed position using the hydraulic exhaust valve actuation assembly. During closing, the exhaust valve may be displaced for a first duration from the open position to an intermediate closing position at a first velocity by operating the hydraulic exhaust valve actuation assembly in a first mode. The exhaust valve may be displaced for a second duration greater than the first duration from the intermediate closing position to a fully closed position at a second velocity at least eighty percent less than the first velocity by operating the hydraulic exhaust valve actuation assembly in a second mode.

Cowgill, Joel (White Lake, MI)

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

397

Lined sampling vessel including a filter to separate solids from liquids on exit  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A filtering apparatus has an open canister with an inlet port. A canister lid is provided which includes an outlet port for the passage of fluids from the canister. Liners are also provided which are shaped to fit the interiors of the canister and the lid, with at least the canister liner preferably being flexible. The sample to be filtered is positioned inside the canister liner, with the lid and lid liner being put in place thereafter. A filter element is located between the sample and the outlet port. Seals are formed between the canister liner and lid liner, and around the outlet port to prevent fluid leakage. A pressure differential is created between the canister and the canister liner so that the fluid in the sample is ejected from the outlet port and the canister liner collapses around the retained solids.

Shurtliff, Rodney M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Klingler, Kerry M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Turner, Terry D. (Ammon, ID)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Reduced model for the description of radiation-matter interaction including atomic recoil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show that a model for the collective atomic recoil laser, previously introduced to include collisions with an external buffer gas, can be reduced to a single dynamical equation for the probe amplitude. This is the result of a clever adiabatic elimination of the atomic variables and of the assumption of a negligible effect of the probe field onto the atomic motion. This reduced model provides a fairly accurate description of the phase diagram of the original set of equations and allows for the investigation of more realistic regimes, where the direct simulation of the full model would be otherwise unfeasible. As a result, we find that the onset of a coherent field can be either described by a second- or first-order transition, the former scenario being observable only below a given temperature. Moreover, the first-order transition is accompanied by an intrinsic optical bistability region.

J. Javaloyes; G. L. Lippi; A. Politi

2003-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

399

Gravitational collapse of a macroscopic string by a Newtonian description including the effect of gravitational radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We make an attempt to dynamically study, in four space-time dimensions, the classical gravitational collapse of a macroscopic circular fundamental string, by a truncation of the Einstein equations that suppresses retarded features but keeps the main self-gravity peculiarities of the relativistic string dynamics, and allows the investigation of a possible infinite red-shift. The numerical solution of the string evolution in the self-induced metric shows an infinite red shift at a macroscopic size of the string, when the string reaches the velocity of light. We further include the back-reaction of the radiation of gravitons which induces energy dissipation: now the velocity of light is not reached, the infinite red-shift does not form and the string simply shrinks with damped oscillations.

Roberto Iengo

2007-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

400

Energy-density-functional calculations including the proton-neutron mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results of calculations based on the Skyrme energy density functional including the arbitrary mixing between protons and neutrons. In this framework, single-particle states are superpositions of proton and neutron components and the energy density functional is fully invariant with respect to three-dimensional rotations in the isospin space. The isospin of the system is controlled by means of the isocranking method, which carries over the standard cranking approach to the isospin space. We show numerical results of the isocranking calculations performed for isobaric analogue states in the A=14 and $A=40-56$ nuclei. We also present such results obtained for high-isospin states in $^{48}$Cr, with constraints on the isospin implemented by using the augmented Lagrange method.

Koichi Sato; Jacek Dobaczewski; Takashi Nakatsukasa; Wojciech Satu?a

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

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401

Open literature review of threats including sabotage and theft of fissile material transport in Japan.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a review of open literature concerning threats including sabotage and theft related to fissile material transport in Japan. It is intended to aid Japanese officials in the development of a design basis threat. This threat includes the external threats of the terrorist, criminal, and extremist, and the insider threats of the disgruntled employee, the employee forced into cooperation via coercion, the psychotic employee, and the criminal employee. Examination of the external terrorist threat considers Japanese demographics, known terrorist groups in Japan, and the international relations of Japan. Demographically, Japan has a relatively homogenous population, both ethnically and religiously. Japan is a relatively peaceful nation, but its history illustrates that it is not immune to terrorism. It has a history of domestic terrorism and the open literature points to the Red Army, Aum Shinrikyo, Chukaku-Ha, and Seikijuku. Japan supports the United States in its war on terrorism and in Iraq, which may make Japan a target for both international and domestic terrorists. Crime appears to remain low in Japan; however sources note that the foreign crime rate is increasing as the number of foreign nationals in the country increases. Antinuclear groups' recent foci have been nuclear reprocessing technology, transportation of MOX fuel, and possible related nuclear proliferation issues. The insider threat is first defined by the threat of the disgruntled employee. This threat can be determined by studying the history of Japan's employment system, where Keiretsu have provided company stability and lifetime employment. Recent economic difficulties and an increase of corporate crime, due to sole reliability on the honor code, have begun to erode employee loyalty.

Cochran, John Russell; Furaus, James Phillip; Marincel, Michelle K.

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

RDI's Wisdom Way Solar Village Final Report: Includes Utility Bill Analysis of Occupied Homes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2010, Rural Development, Inc. (RDI) completed construction of Wisdom Way Solar Village (WWSV), a community of ten duplexes (20 homes) in Greenfield, MA. RDI was committed to very low energy use from the beginning of the design process throughout construction. Key features include: 1. Careful site plan so that all homes have solar access (for active and passive); 2. Cellulose insulation providing R-40 walls, R-50 ceiling, and R-40 floors; 3. Triple-pane windows; 4. Airtight construction (~0.1 CFM50/ft2 enclosure area); 5. Solar water heating systems with tankless, gas, auxiliary heaters; 6. PV systems (2.8 or 3.4kWSTC); 7. 2-4 bedrooms, 1,100-1,700 ft2. The design heating loads in the homes were so small that each home is heated with a single, sealed-combustion, natural gas room heater. The cost savings from the simple HVAC systems made possible the tremendous investments in the homes' envelopes. The Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) monitored temperatures and comfort in several homes during the winter of 2009-2010. In the Spring of 2011, CARB obtained utility bill information from 13 occupied homes. Because of efficient lights, appliances, and conscientious home occupants, the energy generated by the solar electric systems exceeded the electric energy used in most homes. Most homes, in fact, had a net credit from the electric utility over the course of a year. On the natural gas side, total gas costs averaged $377 per year (for heating, water heating, cooking, and clothes drying). Total energy costs were even less - $337 per year, including all utility fees. The highest annual energy bill for any home evaluated was $458; the lowest was $171.

Robb Aldrich, Steven Winter Associates

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Software Technology and Engineering Practice (STEP) 2002 Montreal, Canada, October 6-8 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, including ISO 9001. The TL 9000 Quality System Measures Handbook [2] defines a minimum set of performance Software Product Quality Practices Quality Measurement and Evaluation using TL9000 and ISO/IEC 9126 Witold is the editor and co-editor of ISO/IEC 9126 and ISO/IEC SQuaRE series of standards Alain Abran Department

Suryn, Witold

404

INTERNATIONAL CONNECTIVITY Version 15 June 15, 1996  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sites, 65 entities An entity is a geographical area that has an ISO two letter country code (ISO 3166). These country codes are included in the Table below for each entity (Cols 7­8). Note that the ISO codes do Kingdom, .uk is used while the official ISO code is .gb. There are still hosts in the former Soviet Union

Liblit, Ben

405

Molecular Beam and Surface Science Studies of Heterogeneous Reaction Kinetics Including Combustion Dynamics. Final Technical Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research program examined the heterogeneous reaction kinetics and reaction dynamics of surface chemical processes which are of direct relevance to efficient energy production, condensed phase reactions, and mateials growth including nanoscience objectives. We have had several notable scientific and technical successes. Illustrative highlights include: (1) a thorough study of how one can efficiently produce synthesis gas (SynGas) at relatively low Rh(111) catalyst temperatures via the reaction CH{sub4}+1/2 O{sub2} {r_arrow} CO+2H{sub2}. In these studies methane activation is accomplished utilizing high-kinetic energy reagents generated via supersonic molecular beams, (2) experiments which have incisively probed the partial oxidation chemistry of adsorbed 1- and 2- butene on Rh and ice, as well as partial oxidation of propene on Au; (3) investigation of structural changes which occur to the reconstructed (23x{radical}3)-Au(111) surface upon exposure to atomic oxygen, (4) a combined experimental and theoretical examination of the fundamental atomic-level rules which govern defect minimization during the formation of self-organizing stepped nanostructures, (5) the use of these relatively defect-free nanotemplates for growing silicon nanowires having atomically-dimensioned widths, (6) a combined scanning probe and atomic beam scattering study of how the presence of self-assembling organic overlayers interact with metallic supports substrates - this work hs led to revision of the currently held view of how such adsorbates reconfigure surface structure at the atomic level, (7) an inelastic He atom scattering study in which we examined the effect of chain length on the low-energy vibrations of alkanethiol striped phase self-assembled monolayers on Au(111), yielding information on the forces that govern interfacial self-assembly, (8) a study of the vibrational properties of disordered films of SF{sub6} adsorbed on Au(111), and (9) a study of the activated chemistry and photochemistry of NO on NiO/Ni. Innovative STM and molecular beam instrumentation has been fabricated to enable this program.

Sibener, S. J.

2006-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

406

A decision support system prototype including human factors based on the TOGA meta-theory approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The human contribution to the risk of operation of complex technological systems is often not negligible and sometimes tends to become significant, as shown by many reports on incidents and accidents occurred in the past inside Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). An error of a human operator of a NPP can derive by both omission and commission. For instance, complex commission errors can also lead to significant catastrophic technological accidents, as for the case of the Three Mile Island accident. Typically, the problem is analyzed by focusing on the single event chain that has provoked the incident or accident. What is needed is a general framework able to include as many parameters as possible, i.e. both technological and human factors. Such a general model could allow to envisage an omission or commission error before it can happen or, alternatively, suggest preferred actions to do in order to take countermeasures to neutralize the effect of the error before it becomes critical. In this paper, a preliminary Decision Support System (DSS) based on the so-called (-) TOGA meta-theory approach is presented. The application of such a theory to the management of nuclear power plants has been presented in the previous ICAPP 2011. Here, a human factor simulator prototype is proposed in order to include the effect of human errors in the decision path. The DSS has been developed using a TRIGA research reactor as reference plant, and implemented using the LabVIEW programming environment and the Finite State Machine (FSM) model The proposed DSS shows how to apply the Universal Reasoning Paradigm (URP) and the Universal Management Paradigm (UMP) to a real plant context. The DSS receives inputs from instrumentation data and gives as output a suggested decision. It is obtained as the result of an internal elaborating process based on a performance function. The latter, describes the degree of satisfaction and efficiency, which are dependent on the level of responsibility related to each professional role. As an application, we present the simulation of the discussed error, e.g. the unchecked extraction of the control rods during a power variation maneuver and we show how the effect of human errors can affect the performance function, giving rise to different countermeasures which could call different operator figures into play, potentially not envisaged in the standard procedure. (authors)

Cappelli, M.; Memmi, F. [UTFISST, ENEA Casaccia, via Anguillarese 301, Rome (Italy); Gadomski, A. M. [ECONA, Centro Interuniv. Elaborazione Cognitiva Sistemi Naturali e Artificiali, via dei Marsi 47, Rome (Italy); Sepielli, M. [UTFISST, ENEA Casaccia, via Anguillarese 301, Rome (Italy)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state includes:  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NE Nebraska Total Sum City, County, and SEO Allocations NE Nebraska Total Sum City, County, and SEO Allocations All $18,810,300 NE Nebraska State Energy Office $9,593,500 NE Bellevue City $194,200 NE Fremont City $106,400 NE Grand Island City $199,000 NE Hastings City $109,900 NE Kearney City $131,100 NE Lincoln City $2,401,000 NE Norfolk City $101,500 NE North Platte City $105,300 NE Omaha City $4,331,500 NE Papillion City $91,300 NE Cass County $99,900 NE Dakota County $87,300 NE Dawson County $106,300 NE Douglas County $255,800 NE Gage County $98,000 NE Lancaster County $110,300 NE Platte County $139,200 NE Sarpy County $312,600 NE Saunders County $80,600 NE Scotts Bluff County $155,600 In addition, today's announcement includes funding for the following Tribal

408

Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state includes:  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NM New Mexico Total Sum City, County, and SEO NM New Mexico Total Sum City, County, and SEO Allocations All $20,608,300 NM New Mexico State Energy Office $9,593,500 NM Alamogordo City $147,700 NM Albuquerque City $5,051,200 NM Carlsbad City $107,800 NM Clovis City $139,800 NM Farmington City $191,800 NM Hobbs City $128,700 NM Las Cruces City $888,000 NM Rio Rancho City $697,000 NM Roswell City $195,500 NM Santa Fe City $781,600 NM Bernalillo County $459,500 NM Dona Ana County $446,900 NM Grant County $126,400 NM McKinley County $299,600 NM Rio Arriba County $166,500 NM San Juan County $329,400 NM Sandoval County $169,500 NM Santa Fe County $264,000 NM Taos County $134,100 NM Valencia County $289,800 In addition, today's announcement includes funding for the following Tribal

409

Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state includes:  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NV NV Nevada Total Sum City, County, and SEO Allocations All $31,983,500 NV Nevada State Energy Office $9,593,500 NV Boulder City City $61,600 NV Carson City City $538,900 NV Elko City $76,500 NV Fernley City $52,000 NV Henderson City $2,237,000 NV Las Vegas City $5,449,200 NV Mesquite City $69,900 NV North Las Vegas City $1,907,400 NV Reno City $2,142,800 NV Sparks City $840,000 NV Churchill County $104,900 NV Clark County $7,663,500 NV Douglas County $195,000 NV Elko County $123,600 NV Humboldt County $75,600 NV Lyon County $165,200 NV Nye County $185,700 NV Pershing County $50,000 NV Washoe County $401,200 NV White Pine County $50,000 In addition, today's announcement includes funding for the following Tribal

410

SEARCHING FOR EXTRATERRESTRIAL INTELLIGENCE SIGNALS IN ASTRONOMICAL SPECTRA, INCLUDING EXISTING DATA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main purpose of this article is to make astronomers aware that Searches for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETIs) can be carried out by analyzing standard astronomical spectra, including those they have already taken. Simplicity is the outstanding advantage of a search in spectra. The spectra can be analyzed by simple eye inspection or a few lines of code that uses Fourier transform software. Theory, confirmed by published experiments, shows that periodic signals in spectra can be easily generated by sending light pulses separated by constant time intervals. While part of this article, like all articles on SETIs, is highly speculative the basic physics is sound. In particular, technology now available on Earth could be used to send signals having the required energy to be detected at a target located 1000 lt-yr away. Extraterrestrial Intelligence (ETI) could use these signals to make us aware of their existence. For an ETI, the technique would also have the advantage that the signals could be detected both in spectra and searches for intensity pulses like those currently carried out on Earth.

Borra, Ermanno F., E-mail: borra@phy.ulaval.ca [Centre d'Optique, Photonique et Laser, Departement de Physique, Universite Laval, Quebec G1 K 7P4 (Canada)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

A comparative assessment of the economics of plutonium disposition including comparison with other nuclear fuel cycles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DOE has been evaluating three technologies for the disposition of approximately 50 metric tons of surplus plutonium from defense-related programs: reactors, immobilization, and deep boreholes. As part of the process supporting an early CY 1997 Record of Decision (ROD), a comprehensive assessment of technical viability, cost, and schedule has been conducted. Oak Ridge National Laboratory has managed and coordinated the life-cycle cost (LCC) assessment effort for this program. This paper discusses the economic analysis methodology and the results prior to ROD. Other objectives of the paper are to discuss major technical and economic issues that impact plutonium disposition cost and schedule. Also to compare the economics of a once-through weapons-derived MOX nuclear fuel cycle to other fuel cycles, such as those utilizing spent fuel reprocessing. To evaluate the economics of these technologies on an equitable basis, a set of cost estimating guidelines and a common cost-estimating format were utilized by all three technology teams. This paper also includes the major economic analysis assumptions and the comparative constant-dollar and discounted-dollar LCCs.

Williams, K.A.; Miller, J.W.; Reid, R.L.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Applying environmental externalities to US Clean Coal Technologies for Asia. [Including external environmental costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States is well positioned to play an expanding role in meeting the energy technology demands of the Asian Pacific Basin, including Indonesia, Thailand, and the Republic of China (ROC-Taiwan). The US Department of Energy Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Demonstration Program provides a proving ground for innovative coal-related technologies that can be applied domestically and abroad. These innovative US CCTs are expected to satisfy increasingly stringent environmental requirements while substantially improving power generation efficiencies. They should also provide distinct advantages over conventional pulverized coal-fired combustors. Finally, they are expected to be competitive with other energy options currently being considered in the region. This paper presents potential technology scenarios for Indonesia, Thailand, and the ROC-Taiwan and considers an environmental cost-benefit approach employing a newly developed method of applying environmental externalities. Results suggest that the economic benefits from increased emission control can indeed be quantified and used in cost-benefit comparisons, and that US CCTs can be very cost effective in reducing emissions.

Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

cDNA encoding a polypeptide including a hev ein sequence  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cDNA clone (HEV1) encoding hevein was isolated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mixed oligonucleotides corresponding to two regions of hevein as primers and a Hevea brasiliensis latex cDNA library as a template. HEV1 is 1018 nucleotides long and includes an open reading frame of 204 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contains a putative signal sequence of 17 amino acid residues followed by a 187 amino acid polypeptide. The amino-terminal region (43 amino acids) is identical to hevein and shows homology to several chitin-binding proteins and to the amino-termini of wound-induced genes in potato and poplar. The carboxyl-terminal portion of the polypeptide (144 amino acids) is 74-79% homologous to the carboxyl-terminal region of wound-inducible genes of potato. Wounding, as well as application of the plant hormones abscisic acid and ethylene, resulted in accumulation of hevein transcripts in leaves, stems and latex, but not in roots, as shown by using the cDNA as a probe. A fusion protein was produced in E. coli from the protein of the present invention and maltose binding protein produced by the E. coli.

Raikhel, Natasha V. (Okemos, MI); Broekaert, Willem F. (Dilbeek, BE); Chua, Nam-Hai (Scarsdale, NY); Kush, Anil (New York, NY)

2000-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

414

Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state includes:  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

MT MT Montana Total Sum City, County, and SEO Allocations All $13,971,000 MT Montana State Energy Office $9,593,500 MT Anaconda-Deer Lodge City $50,000 MT Billings City $1,003,000 MT Bozeman City $175,500 MT Butte-Silver Bow City $138,700 MT Great Falls City $570,100 MT Havre City $50,000 MT Helena City $138,600 MT Kalispell City $96,700 MT Miles City City $50,000 MT Missoula City $680,400 MT Cascade County $94,400 MT Flathead County $274,200 MT Gallatin County $198,700 MT Lake County $119,500 MT Lewis and Clark County $120,400 MT Lincoln County $80,000 MT Missoula County $151,000 MT Park County $67,100 MT Ravalli County $167,400 MT Yellowstone County $151,800 In addition, today's announcement includes funding for the following Tribal

415

Determination of prescription dose for Cs-131 permanent implants using the BED formalism including resensitization correction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The current widely used biological equivalent dose (BED) formalism for permanent implants is based on the linear-quadratic model that includes cell repair and repopulation but not resensitization (redistribution and reoxygenation). The authors propose a BED formalism that includes all the four biological effects (4Rs), and the authors propose how it can be used to calculate appropriate prescription doses for permanent implants with Cs-131. Methods: A resensitization correction was added to the BED calculation for permanent implants to account for 4Rs. Using the same BED, the prescription doses with Au-198, I-125, and Pd-103 were converted to the isoeffective Cs-131 prescription doses. The conversion factor F, ratio of the Cs-131 dose to the equivalent dose with the other reference isotope (F{sub r}: with resensitization, F{sub n}: without resensitization), was thus derived and used for actual prescription. Different values of biological parameters such as ?, ?, and relative biological effectiveness for different types of tumors were used for the calculation. Results: Prescription doses with I-125, Pd-103, and Au-198 ranging from 10 to 160 Gy were converted into prescription doses with Cs-131. The difference in dose conversion factors with (F{sub r}) and without (F{sub n}) resensitization was significant but varied with different isotopes and different types of tumors. The conversion factors also varied with different doses. For I-125, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 0.51/0.46, for fast growing tumors, and 0.88/0.77 for slow growing tumors. For Pd-103, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 1.25/1.15 for fast growing tumors, and 1.28/1.22 for slow growing tumors. For Au-198, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 1.08/1.25 for fast growing tumors, and 1.00/1.06 for slow growing tumors. Using the biological parameters for the HeLa/C4-I cells, the averaged value of F{sub r} was 1.07/1.11 (rounded to 1.1), and the averaged value of F{sub n} was 1.75/1.18. F{sub r} of 1.1 has been applied to gynecological cancer implants with expected acute reactions and outcomes as expected based on extensive experience with permanent implants. The calculation also gave the average Cs-131 dose of 126 Gy converted from the I-125 dose of 144 Gy for prostate implants. Conclusions: Inclusion of an allowance for resensitization led to significant dose corrections for Cs-131 permanent implants, and should be applied to prescription dose calculation. The adjustment of the Cs-131 prescription doses with resensitization correction for gynecological permanent implants was consistent with clinical experience and observations. However, the Cs-131 prescription doses converted from other implant doses can be further adjusted based on new experimental results, clinical observations, and clinical outcomes.

Luo, Wei, E-mail: wei.luo@uky.edu; Molloy, Janelle; Aryal, Prakash; Feddock, Jonathan; Randall, Marcus [Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

DNA sequence analyses of blended herbal products including synthetic cannabinoids as designer drugs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years, various herbal products adulterated with synthetic cannabinoids have been distributed worldwide via the Internet. These herbal products are mostly sold as incense, and advertised as not for human consumption. Although their labels indicate that they contain mixtures of several potentially psychoactive plants, and numerous studies have reported that they contain a variety of synthetic cannabinoids, their exact botanical contents are not always clear. In this study, we investigated the origins of botanical materials in 62 Spice-like herbal products distributed on the illegal drug market in Japan, by DNA sequence analyses and BLAST searches. The nucleotide sequences of four regions were analyzed to identify the origins of each plant species in the herbal mixtures. The sequences of “Damiana” (Turnera diffusa) and Lamiaceae herbs (Mellissa, Mentha and Thymus) were frequently detected in a number of products. However, the sequences of other plant species indicated on the packaging labels were not detected. In a few products, DNA fragments of potent psychotropic plants were found, including marijuana (Cannabis sativa), “Diviner's Sage” (Salvia divinorum) and “Kratom” (Mitragyna speciosa). Their active constituents were also confirmed using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) and liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS), although these plant names were never indicated on the labels. Most plant species identified in the products were different from the plants indicated on the labels. The plant materials would be used mainly as diluents for the psychoactive synthetic compounds, because no reliable psychoactive effects have been reported for most of the identified plants, with the exception of the psychotropic plants named above.

Jun Ogata; Nahoko Uchiyama; Ruri Kikura-Hanajiri; Yukihiro Goda

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Thermoelectric material including a multiple transition metal-doped type I clathrate crystal structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermoelectric material includes a multiple transition metal-doped type I clathrate crystal structure having the formula A.sub.8TM.sub.y.sub.1.sup.1TM.sub.y.sub.2.sup.2 . . . TM.sub.y.sub.n.sup.nM.sub.zX.sub.46-y.sub.1.sub.-y.sub.2.sub.- . . . -y.sub.n.sub.-z. In the formula, A is selected from the group consisting of barium, strontium, and europium; X is selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, and tin; M is selected from the group consisting of aluminum, gallium, and indium; TM.sup.1, TM.sup.2, and TM.sup.n are independently selected from the group consisting of 3d, 4d, and 5d transition metals; and y.sub.1, y.sub.2, y.sub.n and Z are actual compositions of TM.sup.1, TM.sup.2, TM.sup.n, and M, respectively. The actual compositions are based upon nominal compositions derived from the following equation: z=8q.sub.A-|.DELTA.q.sub.1|y.sub.1-|.DELTA.q.sub.2|y.sub.2- . . . -|.DELTA.q.sub.n|y.sub.n, wherein q.sub.A is a charge state of A, and wherein .DELTA.q.sub.1, .DELTA.q.sub.2, .DELTA.q.sub.n are, respectively, the nominal charge state of the first, second, and n-th TM.

Yang, Jihui (Lakeshore, CA); Shi, Xun (Troy, MI); Bai, Shengqiang (Shanghai, CN); Zhang, Wenqing (Shanghai, CN); Chen, Lidong (Shanghai, CN); Yang, Jiong (Shanghai, CN)

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

418

Analytical expressions for the gate utilization factors of passive multiplicity counters including signal build-up  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the realm of nuclear safeguards, passive neutron multiplicity counting using shift register pulse train analysis to nondestructively quantify Pu in product materials is a familiar and widely applied technique. The approach most commonly taken is to construct a neutron detector consisting of {sup 3}He filled cylindrical proportional counters embedded in a high density polyethylene moderator. Fast neutrons from the item enter the moderator and are quickly slowed down, on timescales of the order of 1-2 {micro}s, creating a thermal population which then persists typically for several 10's {micro}s and is sampled by the {sup 3}He detectors. Because the initial transient is of comparatively short duration it has been traditional to treat it as instantaneous and furthermore to approximate the subsequent capture time distribution as exponential in shape. With these approximations simple expressions for the various Gate Utilization Factors (GUFs) can be obtained. These factors represent the proportion of time correlated events i.e. Doubles and Triples signal present in the pulse train that is detected by the coincidence gate structure chosen (predelay and gate width settings of the multiplicity shift register). More complicated expressions can be derived by generalizing the capture time distribution to multiple time components or harmonics typically present in real systems. When it comes to applying passive neutron multiplicity methods to extremely intense (i.e. high emission rate and highly multiplying) neutron sources there is a drive to use detector types with very fast response characteristics in order to cope with the high rates. In addition to short pulse width, detectors with a short capture time profile are also desirable so that a short coincidence gate width can be set in order to reduce the chance or Accidental coincidence signal. In extreme cases, such as might be realized using boron loaded scintillators, the dieaway time may be so short that the build-up (thermalization transient) within the detector cannot be ignored. Another example where signal build-up might be observed is when a {sup 3}He based system is used to track the evolution of the time correlated signal created by a higher multiplying item within a reflective configuration such as the measurement of a spent fuel assembly. In this work we develop expressions for the GUFs which include signal build-up.

Croft, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Evans, Louise G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Schear, Melissa A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Composting of soils/sediments and sludges containing toxic organics including high energy explosives. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laboratory and pilot-scale experimentation were conducted to evaluate composting as an on-site treatment technology to remediate soils contaminated with hazardous waste at DOE`s PANTEX Plant. Suspected contaminated sites within the PANTEX Plant were sampled and analyzed for explosives, other organics, and inorganic wastes. Soils in drainage ditches and playas at PANTEX Plant were found to be contaminated with low levels of explosives (including RDX, HMX, PETN and TATB). Additional sites previously used for solvent disposal were heavily contaminated with solvents and transformation products of the solvent, as well as explosives and by-products of explosives. Laboratory studies were conducted using {sup 14}C-labeled explosives and {sup 14}C-labeled diacetone alcohol contaminated soil loaded into horse manure/hay composts at three rates: 20, 30, and 40%(W/W). The composts were incubated for six weeks at approximately 60{degree}C with continuous aeration. All explosives degraded rapidly and were reduced to below detection limits within 3 weeks in the laboratory studies. {sup 14}C-degradates from {sup 14}C-RDX, {sup 14}C-HMX and {sup 14}C-TATB were largely limited to {sup 14}CO{sub 2} and unextracted residue in the compost. Volatile and non-volatile {sup 14}C-degradates were found to result from {sup 14}C-PETN breakdown, but these compounds were not identified. {sup 14}C-diacetone alcohol concentrations were significantly reduced during composting. However, most of the radioactivity was volatilized from the compost as non-{sup 14}CO{sub 2} degradates or as {sup 14}C-diacetone alcohol. Pilot scale composts loaded with explosives contaminated soil at 30% (W/W) with intermittent aeration were monitored over six weeks. Data from the pilot-scale study generally was in agreement with the laboratory studies. However, the {sup 14}C-labeled TATB degraded much faster than the unlabeled TATB. Some formulations of TATB may be more resistant to composting activity than others.

Doyle, R.C.; Kitchens, J.F.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Improved best estimate plus uncertainty methodology including advanced validation concepts to license evolving nuclear reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many evolving nuclear energy programs plan to use advanced predictive multi-scale multi-physics simulation and modeling capabilities to reduce cost and time from design through licensing. Historically, the role of experiments was primary tool for design and understanding of nuclear system behavior while modeling and simulation played the subordinate role of supporting experiments. In the new era of multi-scale multi-physics computational based technology development, the experiments will still be needed but they will be performed at different scales to calibrate and validate models leading predictive simulations. Cost saving goals of programs will require us to minimize the required number of validation experiments. Utilization of more multi-scale multi-physics models introduces complexities in the validation of predictive tools. Traditional methodologies will have to be modified to address these arising issues. This paper lays out the basic aspects of a methodology that can be potentially used to address these new challenges in design and licensing of evolving nuclear technology programs. The main components of the proposed methodology are verification, validation, calibration, and uncertainty quantification. An enhanced calibration concept is introduced and is accomplished through data assimilation. The goal is to enable best-estimate prediction of system behaviors in both normal and safety related environments. To achieve this goal requires the additional steps of estimating the domain of validation and quantification of uncertainties that allow for extension of results to areas of the validation domain that are not directly tested with experiments, which might include extension of the modeling and simulation (M&S) capabilities for application to full-scale systems. The new methodology suggests a formalism to quantify an adequate level of validation (predictive maturity) with respect to required selective data so that required testing can be minimized for cost saving purposes by showing further testing wold not enhance the quality of the validation of predictive tools. The proposed methodology is at a conceptual level. When matured and if considered favorably by the stakeholders, it could serve as a new framework for the next generation of the best estimate plus uncertainty licensing methodology that USNRC developed previously. In order to come to that level of maturity it is necessary to communicate the methodology to scientific, design and regulatory stakeholders for discussion and debates. This paper is the first step to establish this communication.

Unal, Cetin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Williams, Brian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mc Clure, Patrick [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nelson, Ralph A [IDAHO NATIONAL LAB

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Dynamic Incompressible Navier-Stokes Model of Catalytic Converter in 1-D Including Fundamental Oxidation Reaction Rate Expressions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, this work includes the history of the fundamental reactions of automotive catalysts including carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen (H2) and nitric oxide (NO) oxidation on a widely used material formulation (platinum catalyst on alumina washcoat). A detailed report...

Loya, Sudarshan Kedarnath

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

422

TUESDAY MORNING, 27 OCTOBER 2009 8:00 A.M. TO 5:00 P.M. Session 2aAAa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­0. The tour will also feature a stop in ETS- Lindgren's ISO 9001 certified factory. Tour participants will see in this chamber include ISO 3744, SO 3745, ISO 7779, ISO 11201, and ECMA 74. Structural/architectural acoustic; the receive chamber measures 7.4 m long 9.2 m wide 6 m high. ASTM E90, ASTM C423, ASTM E596, and ISO 3741

Wickerhauser, M. Victor

423

Spatial Reference in Rongga (ISO 639-3: ror), Balinese (ISO 639-3: ban), and Indonesian (ISO 639-3: ind)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are “normal”, and where the function is relevant, they behave according to their normal function. For example, the interpretation of The teapot is on the table is that the table stands normally, with its top horizontal, and the teapot sits on it. Thus..., the interpretation of a locative construction is based upon such “normal” situations. In the case where the teapot is on the stove, bed, etc. such spatial relations are still considered normal in English, in which the same preposition, i.e., on, is used to mark...

Aryawibawa, I. Nyoman

2010-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

424

Expansion of the NRL Tight-Binding Method to Include f-orbitals and Application in Thorium and Actinium .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The current NRL Tight-Binding suite of programs was designed to only include s, p, and d orbitals in the basis. Because of this limitation, materials… (more)

Durgavich, Joel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

The Research and Motor octane numbers of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an experimental study of the Research (RON) and Motor (MON) octane numbers of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG). A comprehensive set of RON and MON data for mixtures of propane, propylene (propene), n-butane and iso-butane are presented, using a method that is consistent with the currently active ASTM Research and Motor test methods for liquid fuels. Empirical models which relate LPG composition to its RON and MON are then developed, such that the simplest relationships between the constituent species’ mole fractions and the mixture octane rating are achieved. This is used to determine the degree of non-linearity between the composition and the RON and MON of different LPG mixtures. Finally, implications for LPG fuel quality standards are discussed briefly, as part of a suggested, more substantial undertaking by the community which also revisits the standard test procedures for measuring the RON and MON of LPG.

Kai J. Morganti; Tien Mun Foong; Michael J. Brear; Gabriel da Silva; Yi Yang; Frederick L. Dryer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

OUR SPACES--THE MOST USED RESOURCE ON Library facilities include two main libraries--the D. H. Hill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OUR SPACES--THE MOST USED RESOURCE ON CAMPUS Library facilities include two main libraries--the D libraries are open 24 hours, five days per week during the academic year. Key spaces include: · Learning. H. Hill Library and the James B. Hunt Jr. Library--as well as the Harrye B. Lyons Design Library

Young, R. Michael

427

Entomology Department safety training for new employees Anyone who works in a laboratory (including the Bohart Museum)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Entomology Department safety training for new employees Anyone who works in a laboratory (including safety manager of the space in which the employee is working. This includes required PPE. 3. Employees the Bohart Museum) 1. General training a. Employee completes the online UC Laboratory Safety Fundamentals

Ishida, Yuko

428

Red Flag Warnings are in effect for much of Colorado today, including the area of the High Park Fire.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: This daily wildfire update is provided by the Colorado State Forest Service to keep you informed of current not cover all wildfires currently burning in Colorado, including smaller fires and those burning onlyPage 1 Red Flag Warnings are in effect for much of Colorado today, including the area of the High

Stephens, Graeme L.

429

LOCATIONS OF LIBRARY MATERIALS Syracuse University Libraries include Bird Library, Carnegie Library, and the Geology Library in Heroy Geology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOCATIONS OF LIBRARY MATERIALS Syracuse University Libraries include Bird Library, Carnegie Library, and the Geology Library in Heroy Geology Laboratory. Our catalog also includes material housed in the separately administered Law Library in White Hall and the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library in the Department

McConnell, Terry

430

Vehicular emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from a tunnel study in Hong Kong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ethene toluene n-butane propane i-pentane i-butane propeneethene, toluene, n-butane, propane and i-pentane. These fiveVOCs emitted. The high propane and n-butane emissions were

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Vehicular fuel composition and atmospheric emissions in South China: Hong Kong, Macau, Guangzhou, and Zhuhai  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

comprised mainly of n-butane, propane and i-butane. Trafficthat the relative amount of propane, i-butane, and n- butanein LPG fueled vehicles. Propane to butanes ra- tios were

Tsai, W. Y; Chan, L. Y; Blake, D. R; Chu, K. W

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Electrolytic/fuel cell bundles and systems including a current collector in communication with an electrode thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrolytic/fuel cell bundles and systems including such bundles include an electrically conductive current collector in communication with an anode or a cathode of each of a plurality of cells. A cross-sectional area of the current collector may vary in a direction generally parallel to a general direction of current flow through the current collector. The current collector may include a porous monolithic structure. At least one cell of the plurality of cells may include a current collector that surrounds an outer electrode of the cell and has at least six substantially planar exterior surfaces. The planar surfaces may extend along a length of the cell, and may abut against a substantially planar surface of a current collector of an adjacent cell. Methods for generating electricity and for performing electrolysis include flowing current through a conductive current collector having a varying cross-sectional area.

Hawkes, Grant L.; Herring, James S.; Stoots, Carl M.; O'Brien, James E.

2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

433

Nanocomposites for ultra high density information storage, devices including the same, and methods of making the same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nanocomposite article that includes a single-crystal or single-crystal-like substrate and heteroepitaxial, phase-separated layer supported by a surface of the substrate and a method of making the same are described. The heteroepitaxial layer can include a continuous, non-magnetic, crystalline, matrix phase, and an ordered, magnetic magnetic phase disposed within the matrix phase. The ordered magnetic phase can include a plurality of self-assembled crystalline nanostructures of a magnetic material. The phase-separated layer and the single crystal substrate can be separated by a buffer layer. An electronic storage device that includes a read-write head and a nanocomposite article with a data storage density of 0.75 Tb/in.sup.2 is also described.

Goyal, Amit; Shin, Junsoo

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

A Descriptive Study of Additional Risk Minimization Measures Included in Risk Management Plans Reviewed by the United Kingdom Regulatory Authority  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ninety-five (42%) of 225 RMPs assessed by the MHRA included ARMMs. ARMMs were used more frequently for biological than chemical products (47 vs. 40%). The most common forms of ARMMs were educational materials for...

Sophie Keddie

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

habitual speech of stutterers that included bilateral motor system activation, overalloveractivation inthe motor system and reduced left  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;habitual speech of stutterers that included bilateral motor system activation, and Braun (2003) compared brain activations of both nonstuttering and stutter- ing individuals during and after fluency shaping therapy for stuttering. Such treatment in adults essentially teaches a modified

436

SBIR/STTR Phase I Release 2 Technical Topics Announced for FY14 Fuel Cell Topics Included  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Phase I Release 2 technical topics include prototype fuel cell-battery electric hybrid trucks for waste transportation and novel membranes and non-platinum group metal catalysts for direct methanol as well as hydrogen fuel cells.

437

Echolocation-based foraging by harbor porpoises and sperm whales, including effects of noise and acoustic propagation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, I provide quantitative descriptions of toothed whale echolocation and foraging behavior, including assessment of the effects of noise on foraging behavior and the potential influence of ocean acoustic ...

DeRuiter, Stacy L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Application of honey-bee mating optimization on state estimation of a power distribution system including distributed generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a new approach based on honey-bee mating optimization to estimate the state variables in distribution networks including distributed generators. The proposed method considers practical models of...

Taher Niknam

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Linear response theory in asymmetric nuclear matter for Skyrme functionals including spin-orbit and tensor terms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The formalism of linear response theory for a Skyrme functional including spin-orbit and tensor terms is generalized to the case of infinite nuclear matter with arbitrary isospin asymmetry. Response functions are obtained by solving an algebraic system of equations, which is explicitly given. Spin-isospin strength functions are analyzed varying the conditions of density, momentum transfer, asymmetry and temperature. The presence of instabilities, including the spinodal one, is studied by means of the static susceptibility.

D. Davesne; A. Pastore; J. Navarro

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

440

PHASE: Progressive Hardware Assisted IsoSurface Extraction Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Charles Hansen UUSCI-2002-001 Scientific Computing and Imaging Institute University of Utah Salt Lake City, Charles Hansen Abstract-- Isosurface extraction is an important tech- nique for visualizing three

Livnat, Yarden

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LABORATORY Coordination of Retail Demand Response withXXXXX Coordination of Retail Demand Response with MidwestAC02-05CH11231. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Proceedings Post-Accelerator Issues at IsoSpin Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

llQ, 489 (1977). B. Vosicki, T. Bjornstad, L. C. Carraz, J.70-3 (1970) 125 [32] T. Bjornstad et ai, Phys. Scripta 34 (

Chattopadhyay, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performance. Measurement and verification (M&V) protocols toInitiative Measurement & Verification New York Independent

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

BC Reference number ISO/IEC 14882:1998(E)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by ANSI as an American National Standard. Date of ANSI Approval: 7/27/98 Published by American National National Standards Institute (ANSI), and Information Technology Industry Council (ITI). Not for resale

Graham, Nick

445

Sun Protocols in the ISO Open Systems Interconnect Model Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Technical Report, (1985). [6] J. M. Chang, "SunNet," USENIX (1985). [7] D.L. Presotto and D. M. Ritchie

California at Davis, University of

446

Bioenergy Production from Perennial Energy Crops: A Consequential LCA of 12 Bioenergy Scenarios including Land Use Changes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bioenergy Production from Perennial Energy Crops: A Consequential LCA of 12 Bioenergy Scenarios including Land Use Changes ... In the endeavor of optimizing the sustainability of bioenergy production in Denmark, this consequential life cycle assessment (LCA) evaluated the environmental impacts associated with the production of heat and electricity from one hectare of Danish arable land cultivated with three perennial crops: ryegrass (Lolium perenne), willow (Salix viminalis) and Miscanthus giganteus. ... Soil carbon changes, direct and indirect land use changes as well as uncertainty analysis (sensitivity, MonteCarlo) were included in the LCA. ...

Davide Tonini; Lorie Hamelin; Henrik Wenzel; Thomas Astrup

2012-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

447

Battery system including batteries that have a plurality of positive terminals and a plurality of negative terminals  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A lithium battery for use in a vehicle includes a container, a plurality of positive terminals extending from a first end of the lithium battery, and a plurality of negative terminals extending from a second end of the lithium battery. The plurality of positive terminals are provided in a first configuration and the plurality of negative terminals are provided in a second configuration, the first configuration differing from the second configuration. A battery system for use in a vehicle may include a plurality of electrically connected lithium cells or batteries.

Dougherty, Thomas J; Symanski, James S; Kuempers, Joerg A; Miles, Ronald C; Hansen, Scott A; Smith, Nels R; Taghikhani, Majid; Mrotek, Edward N; Andrew, Michael G

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

448

Vanadium Mesoporous Silica Catalyst Prepared by Direct Synthesis as High Performing Catalyst in Oxidative Dehydrogenation of n-Butane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The catalytic oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) of light alkanes has great potential to be used for production of alkenes instead classically used dehydrogenation. We report successful direct synthesis of vanadi...

Michal Setni?ka; Pavel ?i?manec; Roman Bulánek; Arnošt Zukal…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

ICREC and InfoEd Approval Procedure Flowchart Researcher ticks "Does this research include any aspects that may have ethical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

implications can relate to health or non- health issues, and to proposals that will be sent to ICREC or COREC aspects that may have ethical implications?" on the InfoEd cover page, fills in and attaches the ICREC this research include any aspects that may have ethical implications?" on the InfoEd cover page, fills

450

SBIR/STTR Phase I Release 1 Award Winners Announced, Includes Four Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The US Department of Energy (DOE) recently announced the FY 2014 Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) Phase I Release 1 award winners, including four hydrogen and fuel cell projects in Arizona, Massachusetts, and South Carolina.

451

Planar optical waveguide based sandwich assay sensors and processes for the detection of biological targets including early detection of cancers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An assay element is described including recognition ligands adapted for binding to carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) bound to a film on a single mode planar optical waveguide, the film from the group of a membrane, a polymerized bilayer membrane, and a self-assembled monolayer containing polyethylene glycol or polypropylene glycol groups therein and an assay process for detecting the presence of CEA is described including injecting a possible CEA-containing sample into a sensor cell including the assay element, maintaining the sample within the sensor cell for time sufficient for binding to occur between CEA present within the sample and the recognition ligands, injecting a solution including a reporter ligand into the sensor cell; and, interrogating the sample within the sensor cell with excitation light from the waveguide, the excitation light provided by an evanescent field of the single mode penetrating into the biological target-containing sample to a distance of less than about 200 nanometers from the waveguide thereby exciting any bound reporter ligand within a distance of less than about 200 nanometers from the waveguide and resulting in a detectable signal.

Martinez, Jennifer S. (Santa Fe, NM); Swanson, Basil I. (Los Alamos, NM); Shively, John E. (Arcadia, CA); Li, Lin (Monrovia, CA)

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

452

Improved land management, including agricultural miti-gation, is a necessary part of the global effort to avoid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improved land management, including agricultural miti- gation, is a necessary part of the global emissions and increas- ing sequestration of atmospheric carbon in forested and agricultural lands. Many Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action (AWG­LCA) was requested to explore financing options [102

Vermont, University of

453

23. Gray{Scott equations Patterns are everywhere in nature. Examples include spots on butter ies, stripes on zebras, tri-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

23. Gray{Scott equations Patterns are everywhere in nature. Examples include spots on butter ies variety. The Gray{Scott equations were formulated originally by Gray and Scott in 1983; we shall advantage of this principle. References P. Gray and S. K. Scott, papers in Chem. Eng. Sci. 38 (1983), 29

Trefethen, Nick

454

9. 1 KNOWLEDGE AS JUSTIFYING BELIEF Tradition has it that the main problems of philosophy include the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9 Evidence 9. 1 KNOWLEDGE AS JUSTIFYING BELIEF Tradition has it that the main problems of philosophy include the nature of knowledge. Bu~, in, recent decades, questions of knowledge seem t? have ~ee, Earman argues that accounts of knowledge are irrele- vant to the phIlosophy of science, because

Fitelson, Branden

455

DAVIS-BACON ACT WAGE RATES FOR ARRA-FUNDED STATE ENERGY PROGRAM (SEP) PROJECTS INCLUDING RESIDENTIAL WEATHERIZATION WORK  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guidance on using appropriate prevailing wage rates for all Davis-Bacon Act (DBA) covered-work, including weatherization work, performed under the State Energy (SEP) Program using American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) funds to ensure compliance with DBA requirements.

456

Abstract 3713: Inhibition of NQO2 by imidozoacridinones, including C1311 (Symadex, NSC645809): Implications for their mechanism of action  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...including C1311 (Symadex, NSC645809): Implications for their mechanism of action Matthew P. Humphries 1 John Barnes 1 Mary C. Caraher 1 Richard Bryce 1 Ian J. Stratford 1 Karen A. Nolan 1 1University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom. INTRODUCTION...

Matthew P. Humphries; John Barnes; Mary C. Caraher; Richard Bryce; Ian J. Stratford; Karen A. Nolan

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

457

Our lab focuses on materials durability in extreme environments for energy, power, and propulsion applications. Current research interests include  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

has been developed that simulates the temperature, gas chemistry, and gas velocity of turbine engines for Combustion Applications SiC-based Ceramic Matrix Composites are currently under development for turbine oxide stability for use in a variety of energy applications, including solid oxide fuel cells and solar

Acton, Scott

458

The Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas) has a broad range in the Atlantic, which includes waters off the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

579 The Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas) has a broad range in the Atlantic, which includes waters off); however, records of Green Turtles at higher latitudes of the United States are rare. While both confirmed reports of the Green Turtle in this region. Here we report on photo-documented records of a Green

Myers, Ransom A.

459

A new laser-based system for obstacle detection including step, hole and slope for Personal Mobility Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new laser-based system for obstacle detection including step, hole and slope for Personal, and with standard chair wheels difficult. In this paper, we present a step and curb detection system based on laser sensors. This system is dedicated to vehicles able to cross over steps, for transportation systems

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

460

What to Consider When Choosing a College Exercise 1. Which areas of the country will you include?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What to Consider When Choosing a College Exercise 1. Which areas of the country will you include you plan to come home? 3. Are you a "big-city kid"? Yes No If yes, what resources do you use which of environment will you consider? Big city only Suburban College town Rural 5. Do you care what the campus looks

Wang, Hai

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

SBIR/STTR Phase II Release 1 Award Winners Announced, Includes Two Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The US Department of Energy (DOE) recently announced the FY 2014 Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) Phase II Release 1 award winners, including two hydrogen and fuel cell projects in Colorado and New Jersey.

462

The Fracture Toughness of Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) Including the Effects of Fiber Bridging and Crack-Plane Interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Fracture Toughness of Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) Including the Effects of Fiber Bridging University, Corvallis, OR, USA Abstract The fracture toughness of medium density fiberboard (MDF) as a function of crack length (R curve) was measured. Fracture toughness was determined from force

Nairn, John A.

463

Climate scenarios of sea level rise for the northeast Atlantic Ocean: a study including the effects of ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate scenarios of sea level rise for the northeast Atlantic Ocean: a study including the effects. Here we present a set of regional climate scenarios of sea level rise for the northeast Atlantic Ocean best estimate of twenty-first century sea level rise in the northeast Atlantic Ocean, given the current

Drijfhout, Sybren

464

Absorption of Narrow-Gap HgCdTe Near the Band Edge Including Nonparabolicity and the Urbach Tail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Absorption of Narrow-Gap HgCdTe Near the Band Edge Including Nonparabolicity and the Urbach Tail, USA. 6.--e-mail: yonchang@uic.edu An analytical model describing the absorption behavior of Hg1-x. This model smoothly fits experimental absorption coefficients over energies ranging from the Urbach tail

Flatte, Michael E.

465

Summer Research Opportunities -2014 Heather Anderson OD, PhD My research interests include objective measurements of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summer Research Opportunities - 2014 Heather Anderson OD, PhD � My research interests include objective measurements of accommodation in children and factors limiting visual quality in individuals, PhD � My research centers on understanding the visual impact of the optical aberrations of the normal

Glasser, Adrian

466

This information sheet is for the care and use of laboratory rodents (including rats, mice, hamsters, guinea pigs & gerbils).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This information sheet is for the care and use of laboratory rodents (including rats, mice, transmission is thought to occur by the fecal- oral route through contamination of food or water, or by direct. The source of infection can be from any of the following: rats, mice, voles, hedgehogs, gerbils, squirrels

Wood, Marcelo A.

467

The redox nature of copper is utilized in a large number of enzymatic processes, including that catalysed by mitochondrial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The redox nature of copper is utilized in a large number of enzymatic processes, including that catalysed by mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase, which makes copper an essential element for all aerobic organisms (Soloman and Lowery, 1993). However, the redox properties of copper can cause rapid generation

Grosell, Martin

468

This article was published in the above mentioned Springer issue. The material, including all portions thereof, is protected by copyright;  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article was published in the above mentioned Springer issue. The material, including all Media. The material is for personal use only; commercial use is not permitted. Unauthorized reproduction #12;ORIGINAL RESEARCH Recognizing independent and joint activities among multiple residents in smart

Cook, Diane J.

469

Fracture Modeling of Crack Propagation in Wood and Wood Composites Including Crack Tip Processes and Fiber Bridging Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Fracture Modeling of Crack Propagation in Wood and Wood Composites Including Crack Tip Processes and Fiber Bridging Mechanics J. A. Nairn, N. Matsumoto Wood Science & Engineering, Oregon State University wood and wood composites develop process zones often consisting of fibers bridging the crack surfaces

Nairn, John A.

470

NREL: Awards and Honors - News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

include: ISO 14001:2004 (environment); OHSAS 18001:2007 (health and safety), and ISO 9001:2008 (quality, limited scope). June 9, 2014 Campus Showcases High-Performance...

471

Do we see what we should see? Describing non-covalent interactions in protein structures including precision  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The presentation of non-covalent interactions in protein X-ray crystal structures needs to routinely include their atomic precision, as detailed here; a user knowledge base for these precisions with examples is also offered. Cases are also indicated where the need for such a description of precision is a natural extension, such as those involving metalloproteins and the protonation states of ionisable amino acids. This study is also relevant to protein three-dimensional structure molecular-graphics software.

Gurusaran, M.

2013-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

472

Maximum-Intensity Volumes for Fast Contouring of Lung Tumors Including Respiratory Motion in 4DCT Planning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To assess the accuracy of maximum-intensity volumes (MIV) for fast contouring of lung tumors including respiratory motion. Methods and Materials: Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) data of 10 patients were acquired. Maximum-intensity volumes were constructed by assigning the maximum Hounsfield unit in all CT volumes per geometric voxel to a new, synthetic volume. Gross tumor volumes (GTVs) were contoured on all CT volumes, and their union was constructed. The GTV with all its respiratory motion was contoured on the MIV as well. Union GTVs and GTVs including motion were compared visually. Furthermore, planning target volumes (PTVs) were constructed for the union of GTVs and the GTV on MIV. These PTVs were compared by centroid position, volume, geometric extent, and surface distance. Results: Visual comparison of GTVs demonstrated failure of the MIV technique for 5 of 10 patients. For adequate GTV{sub MIV}s, differences between PTVs were <1.0 mm in centroid position, 5% in volume, {+-}5 mm in geometric extent, and {+-}0.5 {+-} 2.0 mm in surface distance. These values represent the uncertainties for successful MIV contouring. Conclusion: Maximum-intensity volumes are a good first estimate for target volume definition including respiratory motion. However, it seems mandatory to validate each individual MIV by overlaying it on a movie loop displaying the 4DCT data and editing it for possible inadequate coverage of GTVs on additional 4DCT motion states.

Rietzel, Eike [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Abteilung Biophysik, Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany)], E-mail: eike@rietzel.net; Liu, Arthur K.; Chen, George T.Y.; Choi, Noah C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

Disposal of TRU Waste from the PFP in pipe overpack containers to WIPP Including New Security Requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy is responsible for the safe management and cleanup of the DOE complex. As part of the cleanup and closure of the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) located on the Hanford site, the nuclear material inventory was reviewed to determine the appropriate disposition path. Based on the nuclear material characteristics, the material was designated for stabilization and packaging for long term storage and transfer to the Savannah River Site, or a decision for discard was made. The discarded material was designated as waste material and slated for disposal to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). Prior to preparing any residue wastes for disposal at the WIPP, several major activities need to be completed. As detailed a processing history as possible of the material including origin of the waste must be researched and documented. A technical basis for termination of safeguards on the material must be prepared and approved. Utilizing process knowledge and processing history, the material must be characterized, sampling requirements determined, acceptable knowledge package and waste designation completed prior to disposal. All of these activities involve several organizations including the contractor, DOE, state representatives and other regulators such as EPA. At PFP, a process has been developed for meeting the many, varied requirements and successfully used to prepare several residue waste streams including Rocky Flats incinerator ash, hanford incinerator ash and Sand, Slag and Crucible (SS and C) material for disposal. These waste residues are packed into Pipe Overpack Containers for shipment to the WIPP.

HOPKINS, A.M.

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Production Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Butane (C4H10) A normally gaseous straight-chain or branch-chain hydrocarbon extracted from natural gas or refinery gas streams. It includes isobutane and normal butane and is designated in ASTM Specification D1835 and Gas Processors Association Specifications for commercial butane.

475

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Receipts by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between PAD Districts Receipts by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between PAD Districts Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Butane (C4H10) A normally gaseous straight-chain or branch-chain hydrocarbon extracted from natural gas or refinery gas streams. It includes isobutane and normal butane and is designated in ASTM Specification D1835 and Gas Processors Association Specifications for commercial butane.

476

Verification, optimization and refinement of a direct-inverse transonic wing design method including weak viscous interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Refinement of a. Direct-Inverse Transonic Wing Design Method Including Weak Viscous Interaction. (August 1989) Robert R. Ratcliff, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chair oi' Advisory Committee: Dr. Leland A. Carlson New developments in the direct-inverse wing... AND DISCUSSION . 92 VI V. 1 Bound&ary L&iyer and Wake Effects . . V. 2 Spanwise Grid Skewness V. 3 Wing Planform Effects V. 4 Initial Profile Efi'ects V. 5 Pressure Distribution Compatibility V. 6 Grid Refinement Effects . . V. 7 Fixed Trailing Edge...

Ratcliff, Robert R.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

477

Parametric study of an efficient renewable power-to-substitute-natural-gas process including high-temperature steam electrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Power-to-Substitute Natural Gas processes are investigated to offer solutions for renewable energy storing or transportation. In the present study, an original Power-to-SNG process combining high-temperature steam electrolysis and CO2 methanation is implemented and simulated. A reference process is firstly defined, including a specific modelling approach of the electrolysis and a methanation modelling including a kinetic law. The process also integrates a unit to clean the gas from residual CO2, H2 and H2O for gas network injection. Having set all the units, simulations are performed with ProsimPlus 3™ software for a reference case where the electrolyser and the methanation reactors are designed. The reference case allows to produce 67.5 Nm3/h of SNG with an electrical energy consumption of 14.4 kW h/Nm3. The produced SNG satisfies specifications required for network injection. From this reference process, two sensitivity analyses on electrolysis and methanation working points and on external parameters and constraints are considered. As a main result, we observe that the reference case maximises both process efficiency and SNG production when compared with other studied cases.

Myriam De Saint Jean; Pierre Baurens; Chakib Bouallou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Computation of Domain-Averaged Irradiance with a Simple Two-Stream Radiative Transfer Model Including Vertical Cloud Property Correlations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computation of Domain-Averaged Irradiance Computation of Domain-Averaged Irradiance with a Simple Two-Stream Radiative Transfer Model Including Vertical Cloud Property Correlations S. Kato Center for Atmospheric Sciences Hampton University Hampton, Virginia Introduction Recent development of remote sensing instruments by Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM?) Program provides information of spatial and temporal variability of cloud structures. However it is not clear what cloud properties are required to express complicated cloud fields in a realistic way and how to use them in a relatively simple one-dimensional (1D) radiative transfer model to compute the domain averaged irradiance. To address this issue, a simple shortwave radiative transfer model that can treat the vertical cloud optical property correlation is developed. The model is based on the gamma-weighted

479

Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 4 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity; Unit: Trillion Btu. Distillate Fuel Oil Coal NAICS Net Demand Residual and LPG and (excluding Coal Code(a) End Use for Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(c) Natural Gas(d) NGL(e) Coke and Breeze) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 3,335 251 129 5,512 79 1,016 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel 84 133 23 2,119 8 547 Conventional Boiler Use 84 71 17 1,281 8 129 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 62 6 838 1 417 Direct Uses-Total Process 2,639 62 52 2,788 39 412 Process Heating 379 59 19 2,487 32 345 Process Cooling and Refrigeration

480

UPDATE February 2012 - The Food Crises: Predictive validation of a quantitative model of food prices including speculators and ethanol conversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increases in global food prices have led to widespread hunger and social unrest---and an imperative to understand their causes. In a previous paper published in September 2011, we constructed for the first time a dynamic model that quantitatively agreed with food prices. Specifically, the model fit the FAO Food Price Index time series from January 2004 to March 2011, inclusive. The results showed that the dominant causes of price increases during this period were investor speculation and ethanol conversion. The model included investor trend following as well as shifting between commodities, equities and bonds to take advantage of increased expected returns. Here, we extend the food prices model to January 2012, without modifying the model but simply continuing its dynamics. The agreement is still precise, validating both the descriptive and predictive abilities of the analysis. Policy actions are needed to avoid a third speculative bubble that would cause prices to rise above recent peaks by the end of 2012.

Lagi, Marco; Bertrand, Karla Z; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes iso butane" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Solar heating and hot water system installed at the Senior Citizen Center, Huntsville, Alabama. [Includes engineering drawings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Information is provided on the solar energy system installed at the Huntsville Senior Citizen Center. The solar space heating and hot water facility and the project involved in its construction are described in considerable detail and detailed drawings of the complete system and discussions of the planning, the hardware, recommendations, and other pertinent information are included. The facility was designed to provide 85 percent of the hot water and 85 percent of the space heating requirements. Two important factors concerning this project for commercial demonstration are the successful use of silicon oil as a heat transfer fluid and the architecturally aesthetic impact of a large solar energy system as a visual centerpoint. There is no overheat or freeze protection due to the characteristics of the silicon oil and the design of the system. Construction proceeded on schedule with no cost overruns. It is designed to be relatively free of scheduled maintenance, and has experienced practically no problems.

Not Available

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Methods of forming aluminum oxynitride-comprising bodies, including methods of forming a sheet of transparent armor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention includes methods of forming an aluminum oxynitride-comprising body. For example, a mixture is formed which comprises A:B:C in a respective molar ratio in the range of 9:3.6-6.2:0.1-1.1, where "A" is Al.sub.2O.sub.3, "B" is AlN, and "C" is a total of one or more of B.sub.2O.sub.3, SiO.sub.2, Si--Al--O--N, and TiO.sub.2. The mixture is sintered at a temperature of at least 1,600.degree. C. at a pressure of no greater than 500 psia effective to form an aluminum oxynitride-comprising body which is at least internally transparent and has at least 99% maximum theoretical density.

Chu, Henry Shiu-Hung [Idaho Falls, ID; Lillo, Thomas Martin [Idaho Falls, ID

2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

483

Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Table 5.3 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Distillate Coal Fuel Oil (excluding Coal Net Demand Residual and Natural Gas(d) LPG and Coke and Breeze) NAICS for Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(c) (billion NGL(e) (million Code(a) End Use (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 977,338 40 22 5,357 21 46 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel 24,584 21 4 2,059 2 25 Conventional Boiler Use 24,584 11 3

484

Global fits of the cMSSM and NUHM including the LHC Higgs discovery and new XENON100 constraints  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present global fits of the constrained Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (cMSSM) and the Non-Universal Higgs Model (NUHM), including the most recent CMS constraint on the Higgs boson mass, 5.8 fb{sup ?1} integrated luminosity null Supersymmetry searches by ATLAS, the new LHCb measurement of BR( B-bar {sub s} ? ?{sup +}?{sup ?}) and the 7-year WMAP dark matter relic abundance determination. We include the latest dark matter constraints from the XENON100 experiment, marginalising over astrophysical and particle physics uncertainties. We present Bayesian posterior and profile likelihood maps of the highest resolution available today, obtained from up to 350M points. We find that the new constraint on the Higgs boson mass has a dramatic impact, ruling out large regions of previously favoured cMSSM and NUHM parameter space. In the cMSSM, light sparticles and predominantly gaugino-like dark matter with a mass of a few hundred GeV are favoured. The NUHM exhibits a strong preference for heavier sparticle masses and a Higgsino-like neutralino with a mass of 1 TeV. The future ton-scale XENON1T direct detection experiment will probe large portions of the currently favoured cMSSM and NUHM parameter space. The LHC operating at 14 TeV collision energy will explore the favoured regions in the cMSSM, while most of the regions favoured in the NUHM will remain inaccessible. Our best-fit points achieve a satisfactory quality-of-fit, with p-values ranging from 0.21 to 0.35, so that none of the two models studied can be presently excluded at any meaningful significance level.

Strege, C.; Trotta, R. [Astrophysics Group, and Imperial Centre for Inference and Cosmology, Imperial College London, Blackett Laboratory, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Bertone, G. [GRAPPA Institute, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1090 GL Amsterdam (Netherlands); Feroz, F. [Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J.J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Fornasa, M. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, University Park NG7 2RD (United Kingdom); Austri, R. Ruiz de, E-mail: charlotte.strege09@imperial.ac.uk, E-mail: gf.bertone@gmail.com, E-mail: f.feroz@mrao.cam.ac.uk, E-mail: fornasam@gmail.com, E-mail: rruiz@ific.uv.es, E-mail: r.trotta@imperial.ac.uk [Instituto de Física Corpuscular, IFIC-UV/CSIC, Valencia (Spain)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Key to Juniperus of Central Asia (from Turkmenistan/Iran through the former Soviet rev. 2/2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal) 1a. All leaves acicular (subulate, jointed

Adams, Robert P.

487

A 2D finite element with through the thickness parabolic temperature distribution for heat transfer simulations including welding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The arc welding process involves thermal cycles that cause the appearance of undesirable residual stresses. The determination of this thermal cycle is the first step to a thermomechanical analysis that allows the numerical calculation of residual stresses. This study describes the formulation of a 2D finite element with through the thickness parabolic temperature distribution, including an element estabilization procedure. The 2D element described in this paper can be used to perform thermal analysis more economically than 3D elements, especially in plates, because the number of degrees of freedom through the thickness will always be three. A numerical model of a tungsten arc welding (GTAW) setup was made based on published experimental results. Size and distribution of the heat source input, thermal properties dependent on temperature, surface heat losses by convection and latent heat during phase change were considered. In parallel the same setup was modeled using ANSYS software with 3D elements (SOLID70) to compare against 2D numerical results. The results obtained by 2D model, 3D model and experimental data showed good agreement.

Darlesson Alves do Carmo; Alfredo Rocha de Faria

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III), Data Release 9, including the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The Third Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-III) has issued Data Release 9 (DR9), the first public release of data from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS). In this release BOSS, the largest of SDSS-III’s four surveys, provides spectra for 535,995 newly observed galaxies, 102,100 quasars, and 116,474 stars, plus new information about objects in previous Sloan surveys (SDSS-I and II). Spectroscopy yields a wealth of information about astronomical objects including their motion (called redshift and written z), their composition, and sometimes also the density of the gas and other material that lies between them and observers on Earth. The new release lists spectra for galaxies with redshifts up to z = 0.8 (roughly 7 billion light years away) and quasars with redshifts between z = 2.1 and 3.5 (from 10 to 11.5 billion light years away). When BOSS is complete it will have measured 1.5 million galaxies and at least 150,000 quasars, as well as many thousands of stars and other ancillary objects for scientific projects other than BOSS’s main goal. [extracts copied from LBL news release of August 8, 2012

489

Constraints and tensions in testing general relativity from Planck and CFHTLenS including intrinsic alignment systematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present constraints on testing general relativity (GR) at cosmological scales using recent data sets and the impact of galaxy intrinsic alignment (IA) in the CFHTLenS lensing data on those constraints. We consider CMB temperature data from Planck, the galaxy power spectrum from WiggleZ, weak lensing tomography from the CFHTLenS, ISW-galaxy cross correlations, and BAO data from 6dF, SDSS DR7, and BOSS DR9. We use a parameterization of the modified gravity (MG) that is binned in redshift and scale, a parameterization that evolves monotonically in scale but is binned in redshift, and a functional parameterization that evolves only in redshift. We present the results in terms of the MG parameters $Q$ and $\\Sigma$. We employ an IA model with an amplitude $A_{CFHTLenS}$ that is included in the parameter analysis. We find an improvement in the constraints on the MG parameters corresponding to $40-53\\%$ increase on the figure of merit compared to previous studies, and GR is found consistent with the data at the $9...

Dossett, Jason N; Parkinson, David; Davis, Tamara

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

An integrated life cycle quality model for general public market software products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The requirements are built upon existing industry standards, including ISO 9001. The TL 9000 Quality System quality view of TL9000 Handbook and detailed view from ISO/IEC 1926 in the process of defining, measuring by TL9000-ISO complement model as well as by application process walk-through. #12;1. Complement model

Laporte, Claude Y.

491

An integrated life cycle quality model for general public market software products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The requirements are built upon existing industry standards, including ISO 9001. The TL 9000 Quality System quality view of TL9000 Handbook and detailed view from ISO/IEC 1926 in the process of defining, measuring by TL9000-ISO complement model as well as by application process walk-through. Proceedings of Software

Suryn, Witold

492

INTERNATIONAL CONNECTIVITY Version 13 February 15, 1995  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

entities An entity is a geographical area that has an ISO two letter country code (ISO 3166). These country codes are included in the Table below for each entity (Cols 8­9). Note that the ISO codes do not always ­­­­ TP East Timor ­Iu­ EC Ecuador (Republic of) bIU­ EG Egypt (Arab R

Liblit, Ben

493

A rapid estimation and sensitivity analysis of parameters describing the behavior of commercial Li-ion batteries including thermal analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this work, a methodology based on rigorous model fitting and sensitivity analysis is presented to determine the parameters describing the physicochemical behavior of commercial pouch Li-ion batteries of high-capacity (16 A h), utilized in electric vehicles. It is intended for a rapid estimation of the kinetic and transport parameters, state of charge and health of a Li-ion battery when chemical information is not available, or for a brand new system. A pseudo 2-D model comprised of different contributions reported in the literature is utilized to describe the mass, charge and thermal balances of the cell and porous electrodes; and adapted to the battery chemistry under study. The sensitivity analysis of key model parameters is conducted to determine confidence intervals, using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) for non-linear models. Also individual multi-parametric sensitivity analysis is conducted to assess the impact of the model parameters on battery voltage. The battery is comprised of multiple cells in parallel containing carbon anodes and LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 (NMC) cathodes with maximum and cut-off voltages of 4.2 and 2.7 V, respectively. Mass and charge transfer limitations during the discharge/charge of the battery are discussed as a function of State of Charge (SOC). A thermal analysis is also conducted to estimate the temperature rise on the surface of the battery. This modeling methodology can be extended to the analysis of other chemistry types of Li-ion batteries, as well as the evaluation of other material phenomena including capacity fade.

Jorge Vazquez-Arenas; Leonardo E. Gimenez; Michael Fowler; Taeyoung Han; Shih-ken Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Method and apparatus for enhanced sensitivity filmless medical x-ray imaging, including three-dimensional imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A filmless X-ray imaging system includes at least one X-ray source, upper and lower collimators, and a solid-state detector array, and can provide three-dimensional imaging capability. The X-ray source plane is distance z{sub 1} above upper collimator plane, distance z{sub 2} above the lower collimator plane, and distance z{sub 3} above the plane of the detector array. The object to be X-rayed is located between the upper and lower collimator planes. The upper and lower collimators and the detector array are moved horizontally with scanning velocities v{sub 1}, v{sub 2}, v{sub 3} proportional to z{sub 1}, z{sub 2} and z{sub 3}, respectively. The pattern and size of openings in the collimators, and between detector positions is proportional such that similar triangles are always defined relative to the location of the X-ray source. X-rays that pass through openings in the upper collimator will always pass through corresponding and similar openings in the lower collimator, and thence to a corresponding detector in the underlying detector array. Substantially 100% of the X-rays irradiating the object (and neither absorbed nor scattered) pass through the lower collimator openings and are detected, which promotes enhanced sensitivity. A computer system coordinates repositioning of the collimators and detector array, and X-ray source locations. The computer system can store detector array output, and can associate a known X-ray source location with detector array output data, to provide three-dimensional imaging. Detector output may be viewed instantly, stored digitally, and/or transmitted electronically for image viewing at a remote site. 5 figs.

Parker, S.

1995-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

495

Some Economic Effects of Adjusting to a Changing Water Supply, Texas High Plains.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. the following categories. Shifting from butane (L. P. gas) to natural gas Areas not particularly affected by water-lev4 for pump engine fuel is another significant eco- decline include about 194,000 acres, or 5.4 percr:!:: nomic adjustment... the decline in water level and decI:rs- from butane to natural gas for pumping fuel. induced adjustments have seriously depietd ::x Elimination or of transmission losses water supply, sharply increased the investms:: :r pcrrticulcrrly has had a effect...

Hughes, William F.; Magee, A. C.

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Future perspectives of using hollow fibers as structured packings in light hydrocarbon distillation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Olefin and paraffin are the largest chemical commodities. Furthermore, they are major building blocks for the petrochemical industry. Each year, petroleum refining, consumes 4,500 TBtu/yr in separation energy, making it one of the most energy-intensive industries in the United States). Just considering liquefied petroleum gas (ethane/propane/butane) and olefins (ethylene and propylene) alone, the distillation energy consumption is about 400 TBtu/yr in the US. Since petroleum distillation is a mature technology, incremental improvements in column/tray design will only provide a few percent improvements in the performance. However, each percent saving in net energy use amounts to savings of 10 TBtu/yr and reduces CO{sub 2} emissions by 0.2 MTon/yr. In practice, distillation columns require 100 to 200 trays to achieve the desired separation. The height of a transfer unit (HTU) of conventional packings is typical in the range of 36-60 inch. Since 2006, we had explored using several non-selective membranes as the structured packings to replace the conventional packing materials used in propane and propylene distillation. We obtained the lowest HTU of < 8 inch for the hollow fiber column, which was >5 times shorter than that of the conventional packing materials. In 2008, we also investigated this type of packing materials in iso-/n-butane distillation. Because of a slightly larger relative volatility of iso-/n-butane than that of propane/propylene, a wider and a more stable operational range was obtained for the iso-/n-butane pair. However, all of the experiments were conducted on a small scale with flowrate of < 25 gram/min. Recently, we demonstrated this technology on a larger scale (<250 gram/min). Within the loading range of F-factor < 2.2 Pa{sup 0.5}, a pressure drop on the vapor side is below 50 mbar/m, which suggests that the pressure drop of hollow fibers packings is not an engineering barrier for the applications in distillations. The thermal stability study suggests that polypropylene hollow fibers are stable after a long time exposure to C{sub 2} - C{sub 4} mixtures. The effects of packing density on the separation efficiency will be discussed.

Yang, Dali [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Orler, Bruce [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tornga, Stephanie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Welch, Cindy [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

497

Characterization of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in Asian and north American pollution plumes during INTEX-B: identification of specific Chinese air mass tracers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1,2-DCE), ethane, ethyne, propane, butanes, i-pentane, andDCE Ethane Ethene Ethyne Propane i-Butane n-Butane i-PentaneDCE Ethane Ethene Ethyne Propane i-Butane n-Butane i-Pentane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 08/07/2013 CATEGORY 15 -Media: includes webinars, podcasts, DVDs, videos, press  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Knowledge Exchange records from 01/04/2013 ­ 08/07/2013 CATEGORY 15 - Media: includes webinars Main subject: SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT Subjects: KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE EVENTS; SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT

499

Turtle With Mad Input (trace Unlimited Rays Through Lumped Elements) -- A Computer Program For Simulating Charged Particle Beam Transport Systems And Decay Turtle Including Decay Calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Turtle With Mad Input (trace Unlimited Rays Through Lumped Elements) -- A Computer Program For Simulating Charged Particle Beam Transport Systems And Decay Turtle Including Decay Calculations

Carey, D C

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Audio Visual Room Equipment Summary Portable equipment (including projectors, laptops, media players, recorders, amplifiers) is available from the Audio Visual department. Please book using the AV request  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audio Visual Room Equipment Summary Portable equipment (including projectors, laptops, media players, recorders, amplifiers) is available from the Audio Visual department. Please book using the AV

Sheldon, Nathan D.