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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fueling Fueling Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Ethanol Fueling Stations Photo of an ethanol fueling station. Thousands of ethanol fueling stations are available in the United States.

2

Ethanol-blended Fuels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ethanol-Blended Ethanol-Blended Fuels A Study Guide and Overview of: * Ethanol's History in the U.S. and Worldwide * Ethanol Science and Technology * Engine Performance * Environmental Effects * Economics and Energy Security The Curriculum This curriculum on ethanol and its use as a fuel was developed by the Clean Fuels Development Coalition in cooperation with the Nebraska Ethanol Board. This material was developed in response to the need for instructional materials on ethanol and its effects on vehicle performance, the environment, and the economy. As a renewable alternative energy source made from grain and other biomass resources, ethanol study serves as an excellent learning opportunity for students to use in issue clarification and problem-solving activities. Ethanol illustrates that science and technology can provide us with new

3

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Ethanol Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Ethanol Fuel Prices Find ethanol fuel prices and trends. Ethanol is a renewable fuel made from corn and other plant materials. The use of ethanol is widespread-almost all gasoline in the U.S. contains

4

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Basics  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Basics to Fuel Basics to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Basics on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Basics on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Basics on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Basics on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Basics on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Basics on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Blends Specifications Production & Distribution Feedstocks Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Ethanol Fuel Basics Related Information National Biofuels Action Plan Ethanol is a renewable fuel made from various plant materials collectively

5

Chief Ethanol Fuels Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Name: Chief Ethanol Fuels Inc Place: Hastings, Nebraska Product: Ethanol producer and supplier References: Chief Ethanol Fuels Inc1 This article is a...

6

Chapter 23 - How Fuel Ethanol Is Made from Corn  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this chapter, fuel ethanol, yeast's role in ethanol production, corn as ethanol feedstock, industrial ethanol production including wet milling, and dry-grind ethanol processing steps (milling, liquefaction, saccharification, fermentation, distillation and recovery) are described along with the energy use in ethanol production.

Nathan S. Mosier; Klein E. Ileleji

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Emissions from ethanol and LPG fueled vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses the environmental concerns of using neat ethanol and liquified petroleum gas (LPG) as transportation fuels in the US Low-level blends of ethanol (10%) with gasoline have been used as fuels in the US for more than a decade, but neat ethanol (85% or more) has only been used extensively in Brazil. LPG, which consists mostly of propane, is already used extensively as a vehicle fuel in the US, but its use has been limited primarily to converted fleet vehicles. Increasing US interest in alternative fuels has raised the possibility of introducing neat ethanol vehicles into the market and expanding the number of LPG vehicles. Use of such vehicles and increased production and consumption of fuel ethanol and LPG will undoubtedly have environmental impacts. If the impacts are determined to be severe, they could act as barriers to the introduction of neat ethanol and LPG vehicles. Environmental concerns include exhaust and evaporative emissions and their impact on ozone formation and global warming, toxic emissions from fuel combustion and evaporation, and agricultural emissions from production of ethanol. The paper is not intended to be judgmental regarding the overall attractiveness of ethanol or LPG compared to other transportation fuels. The environmental concerns are reviewed and summarized, but the only conclusion reached is that there is no single concern that is likely to prevent the introduction of neat ethanol fueled vehicles or the increase in LPG fueled vehicles.

Pitstick, M.E.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Fuel Blend Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Fuel Blend Dispensing Regulations

9

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Flexible Fuel Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions on AddThis.com... Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions Updated July 29, 2011 Rising gasoline prices and concerns about climate change have greatly

10

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Infrastructure Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Fueling Ethanol Fueling Infrastructure Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Infrastructure Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Fueling Infrastructure Grants The Minnesota Corn Research & Promotion Council and the Minnesota

11

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Production Tax Ethanol Production Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Production Tax Credit An ethanol producer located in Indiana is entitled to a credit of $0.125 per gallon of ethanol produced, including cellulosic ethanol. The Indiana

12

Chief Ethanol Fuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Chief Ethanol Fuels Place: Hastings, NE Website: http:www.chiefethanolfuels.c References: Chief Ethanol Fuels1 Information About...

13

Vehicle Certification Test Fuel and Ethanol Flex Fuel Quality...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicle Certification Test Fuel and Ethanol Flex Fuel Quality Vehicle Certification Test Fuel and Ethanol Flex Fuel Quality Breakout Session 2: Frontiers and Horizons Session 2-B:...

14

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Related Links  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Ethanol Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Related Links to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Related Links on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Related Links on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Related Links on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Related Links on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Related Links on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Related Links on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Blends Specifications Production & Distribution Feedstocks Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives

15

Fuel Ethanol Oxygenate Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Product: Fuel Ethanol Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether Merchant Plants Captive Plants Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Product: Fuel Ethanol Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether Merchant Plants Captive Plants Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History U.S. 27,197 26,722 26,923 26,320 25,564 27,995 1981-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 628 784 836 842 527 636 2004-2013 Midwest (PADD 2) 25,209 24,689 24,786 24,186 23,810 26,040 2004-2013 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 523 404 487 460 431 473 2004-2013 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 450 432 430 432 415 429 2004-2013 West Coast (PADD 5)

16

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Infrastructure Development  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fueling Fueling Infrastructure Development to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Infrastructure Development on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Infrastructure Development on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Infrastructure Development on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Infrastructure Development on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Infrastructure Development on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Infrastructure Development on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Business Case Equipment Options

17

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Feedstocks  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Feedstocks to Feedstocks to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Feedstocks on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Feedstocks on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Feedstocks on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Feedstocks on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Feedstocks on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Feedstocks on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Blends Specifications Production & Distribution Feedstocks Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Ethanol Feedstocks Map of the United States BioFuels Atlas Use this interactive map to compare biomass feedstocks and biofuels by

18

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Blended Fuel Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition Ethanol blended fuel, such as gasohol, is defined as any gasoline blended with 10% or more of anhydrous ethanol. (Reference Idaho Statutes 63-240

19

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Tax Rate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Fuel Blend Tax Ethanol Fuel Blend Tax Rate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Tax Rate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Tax Rate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Tax Rate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Tax Rate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Tax Rate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Tax Rate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Fuel Blend Tax Rate The tax rate on fuel containing ethanol is $0.06 per gallon less than the tax rate on other motor fuels in certain geographic areas. This reduced

20

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Fuel Blend Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard At least 85% of gasoline supplied to a retailer or sold in Hawaii must contain a minimum of 10% ethanol (E10), unless the Director determines that

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Labeling Ethanol Labeling Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Labeling Requirement All gasoline containing 1% or more ethanol by volume offered for sale must be conspicuously identified as "with ethanol" or "containing ethanol."

22

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Production Ethanol Production Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Production Incentive The Ethanol Production Incentive provides qualified ethanol producers with quarterly payments based on production volume during times when ethanol

23

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Blend Mandate Ethanol Blend Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blend Mandate All gasoline offered for sale at retail stations within the state must contain 10% ethanol (E10). This requirement is waived only if a distributor is unable to purchase ethanol or ethanol-blended gasoline at the same or

24

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Station Locations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fueling Fueling Station Locations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Station Locations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Station Locations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Station Locations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Station Locations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Station Locations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Station Locations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Ethanol Fueling Station Locations Find ethanol (E85) fueling stations near an address or ZIP code or along a

25

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Vehicle Ethanol Vehicle Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives Ethanol Vehicle Emissions When blended with gasoline for use as a vehicle fuel, ethanol can offer some emissions benefits over gasoline, depending on vehicle type, engine

26

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Funding  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Infrastructure Ethanol Infrastructure Funding to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Funding on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Funding on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Funding on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Funding on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Funding on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Funding on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Infrastructure Funding The Ethanol Infrastructure Incentive Program provides funding to offset the cost of installing ethanol blender pumps at retail fueling stations

27

Ethanol fuels: Energy security, economics, and the environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Problems of fuel ethanol production have been the subject of numerous ... including this analysis. The conclusions are that ethanol: does not improve U.S. energy security; is uneconomical; is not...

David Pimentel

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Fuel Blend Use Ethanol Fuel Blend Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Fuel Blend Use Requirement State government agencies and universities owning or operating motor

29

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Ethanol Fuel Blend Research Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Advanced Ethanol Fuel Advanced Ethanol Fuel Blend Research Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Ethanol Fuel Blend Research Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Ethanol Fuel Blend Research Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Ethanol Fuel Blend Research Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Ethanol Fuel Blend Research Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Ethanol Fuel Blend Research Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Ethanol Fuel Blend Research Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Advanced Ethanol Fuel Blend Research Grants

30

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Labeling Ethanol Labeling Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Labeling Requirement Motor fuel containing more than 1% ethanol or methanol may not be sold or offered for sale from a motor fuel dispenser unless the individual selling

31

Ethanol Fuel Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ethanol Fuel Basics Ethanol Fuel Basics Ethanol Fuel Basics July 30, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis biomass in beekers Ethanol is a renewable fuel made from various plant materials, which collectively are called "biomass." Ethanol contains the same chemical compound (C2H5OH) found in alcoholic beverages. Studies have estimated that ethanol and other biofuels could replace 30% or more of U.S. gasoline demand by 2030. Nearly half of U.S. gasoline contains ethanol in a low-level blend to oxygenate the fuel and reduce air pollution. Ethanol is also increasingly available in E85, an alternative fuel that can be used in flexible fuel vehicles. Several steps are required to make ethanol available as a vehicle fuel. Biomass feedstocks are grown and transported to ethanol production

32

Large-scale fuel ethanol from lignocellulose  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ethanol produced from lignocellulose is considered as a ... foreseeable technology. These are: conversion and production energy balances, suitability of ethanol as a transportation fuel, air quality impacts, raw ...

Lee R. Lynd

33

Experiences from Introduction of Ethanol Buses and Ethanol Fuel Station |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Experiences from Introduction of Ethanol Buses and Ethanol Fuel Station Experiences from Introduction of Ethanol Buses and Ethanol Fuel Station Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Experiences from Introduction of Ethanol Buses and Ethanol Fuel Station Agency/Company /Organization: BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: www.best-europe.org/upload/BEST_documents/info_documents/Best%20report Ethanol buses were demonstrated within BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport (BEST). This report describes the problems at the sites and how they were solved. The aim of the report is to guide other local transport authorities on how to deal with the questions raised when a bus demonstration begins. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies:

34

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Retailer Fuel Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit Retailers that sell fuel blends of gasoline containing up to 15% ethanol by

35

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Labeling Ethanol Labeling Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Labeling Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Labeling Requirement Any motor vehicle fuel sold at retail containing more than 1% ethanol or methanol must be labeled according to Connecticut Department of Consumer

36

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Tax Exemption Ethanol Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Tax Exemption Sales and use taxes apply to 80% of the proceeds from the sale of fuels containing 10% ethanol (E10) made between July 1, 2003, and December 31, 2018. If at any time these taxes are imposed at a rate of 1.25%, the tax on

37

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blending Regulation  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Blending Ethanol Blending Regulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blending Regulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blending Regulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blending Regulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blending Regulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blending Regulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blending Regulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blending Regulation Gasoline suppliers who provide fuel to distributors in the state must offer gasoline that is suitable for blending with fuel alcohol. Suppliers may not

38

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Blend Ethanol Blend Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blend Requirement Suppliers that import gasoline for sale in North Carolina must offer fuel that is not pre-blended with fuel alcohol but that is suitable for future

39

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol License  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol License to Ethanol License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol License Anyone who imports, exports, or supplies ethanol in the state of Wyoming must obtain an annual license from the Wyoming Department of Transportation. The fee for each license is $25. (Reference Wyoming

40

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Production Ethanol Production Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Production Incentive Ethanol producers may qualify for an income tax credit equal to 30% of production facility nameplate capacity between 500,000 and 15 million

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Infrastructure Ethanol Infrastructure Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Infrastructure Grants The Colorado Corn Blender Pump Pilot Program provides funding assistance for each qualified station dispensing mid-level ethanol blends. Projects

42

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Production Ethanol Production Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Production Incentive The Missouri Department of Agriculture manages the Missouri Ethanol Producer Incentive Fund (Fund), which provides monthly grants to qualified

43

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blends  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blends to Blends to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blends on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blends on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blends on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blends on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blends on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blends on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Blends E15 E85 Specifications Production & Distribution Feedstocks Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Ethanol Blends Ethanol is blended with gasoline in various amounts for use in vehicles. E10 E10 is a low-level blend composed of 10% ethanol and 90% gasoline. It is

44

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Production Ethanol Production Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Production Incentive Qualified ethanol producers are eligible for a production incentive payable from the Kansas Qualified Agricultural Ethyl Alcohol Producer Fund. An

45

Ethanol fuel for diesel tractors  

SciTech Connect

The use of ethanol fuel in turbocharged diesel tractors is considered. The investigation was performed to evaluate the conversion of a diesel tractor for dual-fueling with ethanol by attaching a carburetor to the inlet air system or with the use of an alcohol spray-injection kit. In this system the mixture of water and alcohol is injected into the air stream by means of pressure from the turbocharger. The carburetor was attached to a by-pass apparatus which allowed the engine to start and shut off on diesel alone. Approximately 46% of the energy for the turbocharged 65 kW diesel tractor could be supplied by carbureted ethanol, and about 30% by the spray-injection approach. Knock limited the extent of substitution of ethanol for diesel fuel. The dual-fueling with ethanol caused a slight increase in brake thermal efficiency. Exhaust temperatures were much lower for equivalent high torque levels. Maximum power was increased by 36% with the spray-injection approach and about 59% with carburetion.

da Cruz, J.M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Production to Production to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Blends Specifications Production & Distribution Feedstocks Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Ethanol Production and Distribution Ethanol is a domestically produced alternative fuel that's most commonly made from corn. It can also be made from cellulosic feedstocks, such as

47

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Production Production Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Production Incentive Montana-based ethanol producers are eligible for a tax incentive of $0.20 per gallon of ethanol produced solely from Montana agricultural products or

48

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blend Mandate Blend Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blend Mandate Within one year after the Montana Department of Transportation has certified that ethanol producers in the state have produced a total of 40 million gallons of denatured ethanol and have maintained that level of

49

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Production Ethanol Production Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Production Credit County governments are eligible to receive waste reduction credits for using yard clippings, clean wood waste, or paper waste as feedstock for the

50

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Infrastructure Ethanol Infrastructure Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Infrastructure Grants The Kentucky Corn Growers' Association (KyCGA) offers grants of $5,000 per pump to retailers installing new E85 dispensers in Kentucky. For more

51

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blend Blend Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blend Definition An ethanol blend is defined as a blended motor fuel containing ethyl alcohol that is at least 99% pure, derived from agricultural products, and

52

Emissions from ethanol- and LPG-fueled vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses the environmental concerns of using neat ethanol and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as transportation fuels in the United States. Low-level blends of ethanol (10%) with gasoline have been used as fuels in the United States for more than a decade, but neat ethanol (85% or more) has only been used extensively in Brazil. LPG, which consists mostly of propane, is already used extensively as a vehicle fuel in the United States, but its use has been limited primarily to converted fleet vehicles. Increasing U.S. interest in alternative fuels has raised the possibility of introducing neat-ethanol vehicles into the market and expanding the number of LPG vehicles. Use of such vehicles, and increased production and consumption of fuel ethanol and LPG, will undoubtedly have environmental impacts. If the impacts are determined to be severe, they could act as barriers to the introduction of neat-ethanol and LPG vehicles. Environmental concerns include exhaust and evaporative emissions and their impact on ozone formation and global warming, toxic emissions from fuel combustion and evaporation, and agricultural impacts from production of ethanol. The paper is not intended to be judgmental regarding the overall attractiveness of ethanol or LPG as compared with other transportation fuels. The environmental concerns are reviewed and summarized, but only conclusion reached is that there is no single concern that is likely to prevent the introduction of neat-ethanol-fueled vehicles or the increase in LPG-fueled vehicles.

Pitstick, M.E.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Mid-Blend Ethanol Fuels - Implementation Perspectives | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mid-Blend Ethanol Fuels - Implementation Perspectives Mid-Blend Ethanol Fuels - Implementation Perspectives Breakout Session 2: Frontiers and Horizons Session 2-B: End Use and Fuel...

54

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bulletins Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicle Conversions to someone by E-mail Share...

55

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Benefits and Considerations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Benefits and Benefits and Considerations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Benefits and Considerations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Benefits and Considerations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Benefits and Considerations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Benefits and Considerations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Benefits and Considerations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Benefits and Considerations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Ethanol Benefits and Considerations Ethanol is a renewable, domestically produced transportation fuel. Whether

56

Ethanol: Producting Food, Feed, and Fuel | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Fuel Ethanol: Producting Food, Feed, and Fuel At the August 7, 2008 joint quarterly Web conference of DOE's Biomass and Clean Cities programs, Todd Sneller (Nebraska Ethanol...

57

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Equipment Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Production Ethanol Production Equipment Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Equipment Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Equipment Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Equipment Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Equipment Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Equipment Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Equipment Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Production Equipment Tax Exemption

58

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biobutanol Production Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol and Biobutanol Ethanol and Biobutanol Production Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biobutanol Production Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biobutanol Production Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biobutanol Production Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biobutanol Production Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biobutanol Production Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biobutanol Production Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol and Biobutanol Production Incentive

59

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Investment Tax Credits  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Production Ethanol Production Investment Tax Credits to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Investment Tax Credits on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Investment Tax Credits on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Investment Tax Credits on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Investment Tax Credits on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Investment Tax Credits on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Investment Tax Credits on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Production Investment Tax Credits

60

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Infrastructure Grant Program  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Blend Ethanol Blend Infrastructure Grant Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Infrastructure Grant Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Infrastructure Grant Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Infrastructure Grant Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Infrastructure Grant Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Infrastructure Grant Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Infrastructure Grant Program on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blend Infrastructure Grant Program

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Fueling Infrastructure Polymer Materials Compatibility to Ethanol-blended  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fueling Infrastructure Polymer Materials Compatibility to Ethanol-blended Fueling Infrastructure Polymer Materials Compatibility to Ethanol-blended Gasoline Dataset Summary Description These data files contain volume, mass, and hardness changes of elastomers and plastics representative exposed to gasoline containing various levels of ethanol. These materials are representative of those used in gasoline fuel storage and dispensing hardware. All values are compared to the original untreated condition. The data sets include results from specimens exposed directly to the fuel liquid and also a set of specimens exposed only to the fuel vapors. Source Mike Kass, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Date Released August 16th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated August 16th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords compatibility elastomers ethanol gasoline

62

Fuel Ethanol from Cellulosic Biomass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...impacts as well, which include engine performance, infrastructure...Comparative automotive engine operation when fueled with...biomass with 50% moisture by diesel truck requiring 2000 Btu per...actively studied because of its fundamental interest and applications...

LEE R. LYND; JANET H. CUSHMAN; ROBERTA J. NICHOLS; CHARLES E. WYMAN

1991-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

63

Dual-fueling turbocharged diesels with ethanol  

SciTech Connect

Spray addition and carburetion methods were tested for dual-fueling a turbocharged, 65 kW diesel tractor. Approximately 30 percent of the fuel energy for the tractor was supplied by spraying ethanol into the intake air and about 46 percent by carburetion with little affect on the engine thermal efficiency. Further substitution of diesel fuel with ethanol was limited by knock. As the amount of ethanol fed into the engine was increased, ignition apparently changed from the steady burning process which normally occurs in a diesel engine to a rapid explosion which caused knock. The best fuel for the spray approach was a 50 percent ethanol/water solution and with the carburetor it was an 80 percent ethanol/water solution. (Refs. 6).

Cruz, J.M.; Rotz, C.A.; Watson, D.H.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Dual-fueling turbocharged diesels with ethanol  

SciTech Connect

Spray addition and carburetion methods were tested for dual-fueling a turbocharged, 65 kW diesel tractor. Approximately 30 percent of the fuel energy for the tractor was supplied by spraying ethanol into the intake air and about 46 percent by carburetion with little affect on the engine thermal efficiency. Further substitution of diesel fuel with ethanol was limited by knock. As the amount of ethanol fed into the engine was increased, ignition apparently changed from the steady burning process which normally occurs in a diesel engine to a rapid explosion which caused knock. The best fuel for the spray approach was a 50 percent ethanol/water solution and with the carburetor it was an 80 percent ethanol/water solution.

Cruz, J.M.; Rotz, C.A.; Watson, D.H.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Food for fuel: The price of ethanol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conversion of corn to ethanol in the US since 2005 has been a major cause of global food price increases during that time and has been shown to be ineffective in achieving US energy independence and reducing environmental impact. We make three key statements to enhance understanding and communication about ethanol production's impact on the food and fuel markets: (1) The amount of corn used to produce the ethanol in a gallon of regular gas would feed a person for a day, (2) The production of ethanol is so energy intensive that it uses only 20% less fossil fuel than gasoline, and (3) The cost of gas made with ethanol is actually higher per mile because ethanol reduces gasoline's energy per gallon.

Albino, Dominic K; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Environmental  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Production Ethanol Production Facility Environmental Assessment Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Environmental Assessment Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Environmental Assessment Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Environmental Assessment Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Environmental Assessment Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Environmental Assessment Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Environmental Assessment Exemption on AddThis.com...

67

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Underwriters Laboratories Ethanol Dispenser  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Underwriters Underwriters Laboratories Ethanol Dispenser Safety Testing to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Underwriters Laboratories Ethanol Dispenser Safety Testing on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Underwriters Laboratories Ethanol Dispenser Safety Testing on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Underwriters Laboratories Ethanol Dispenser Safety Testing on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Underwriters Laboratories Ethanol Dispenser Safety Testing on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Underwriters Laboratories Ethanol Dispenser Safety Testing on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Underwriters Laboratories Ethanol Dispenser Safety Testing on AddThis.com... Underwriters Laboratories Ethanol Dispenser Safety Testing

68

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania's Ethanol Corridor Project  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Pennsylvania's Ethanol Pennsylvania's Ethanol Corridor Project Surpasses 1 Million Gallons to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania's Ethanol Corridor Project Surpasses 1 Million Gallons on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania's Ethanol Corridor Project Surpasses 1 Million Gallons on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania's Ethanol Corridor Project Surpasses 1 Million Gallons on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania's Ethanol Corridor Project Surpasses 1 Million Gallons on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania's Ethanol Corridor Project Surpasses 1 Million Gallons on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania's Ethanol Corridor Project Surpasses 1 Million Gallons on

69

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Ethanol Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section...

70

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Research and Development  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Cellulosic Ethanol Cellulosic Ethanol Research and Development Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Research and Development Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Research and Development Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Research and Development Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Research and Development Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Research and Development Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Research and Development Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State

71

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Laws and Incentives  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol » Laws & Incentives Ethanol » Laws & Incentives Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Laws and Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Laws and Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Laws and Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Laws and Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Laws and Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Laws and Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Laws and Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Ethanol Laws and Incentives

72

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Production Tax Ethanol Production Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Production Tax Credit Qualified ethanol producers are eligible for an income tax credit of $1.00 per gallon of corn- or cellulosic-based ethanol that meets ASTM

73

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Blend Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement An ethanol retailer selling a blend of 10% ethanol by volume or higher must

74

Ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ethanol is considered to be the best alternative ... liquid fuel for use in automobiles. Although ethanol can be produced from a variety of ... , whereas it is sugarcane in Brazil for ethanol production. However,...

Tushar K. Ghosh; Mark A. Prelas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Blend Retailer Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit The Ethanol Promotion Tax Credit is available to any fuel retailer for up

76

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol and Biodiesel Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption Motor fuels sold to an ethanol or biodiesel production facility and motor

77

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Sales Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Sales Tax Ethanol Sales Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Sales Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Sales Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Sales Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Sales Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Sales Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Sales Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Sales Tax Exemption The portion of ethanol (ethyl alcohol) sold and blended with motor fuel is exempt from sales tax. (Reference Oklahoma Statutes 68-500.10-1 and

78

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Blend Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement A retail motor fuel dispenser that dispenses fuel containing more than 10%

79

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Fee  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Production Ethanol Production Facility Fee to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Fee on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Fee on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Fee on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Fee on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Fee on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Fee on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Production Facility Fee The cost to submit an air quality permit application for an ethanol production plant is $1,000. An annual renewal fee is also required for the

80

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Labeling Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Blend Labeling Ethanol Blend Labeling Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Labeling Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Labeling Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Labeling Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Labeling Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Labeling Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Labeling Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blend Labeling Requirements Pumps that dispense ethanol-blended gasoline available for purchase must be

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

and Ethanol and Ethanol Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications Ethanol-blended gasoline must conform to ASTM D4814, E85 must conform to

82

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: Clarification of Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Clarification of Ethanol Certification Limits for Legacy Equipment Clarification of Ethanol Certification Limits for Legacy Equipment (December 2008) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: Clarification of Ethanol Certification Limits for Legacy Equipment (December 2008) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: Clarification of Ethanol Certification Limits for Legacy Equipment (December 2008) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: Clarification of Ethanol Certification Limits for Legacy Equipment (December 2008) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: Clarification of Ethanol Certification Limits for Legacy Equipment (December 2008) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: Clarification of

83

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alaska Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Alaska laws and incentives related

84

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Wisconsin laws and incentives

85

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Virginia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Virginia laws and incentives

86

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Arkansas laws and incentives

87

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Cellulosic Ethanol Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit A qualified investor may receive a tax credit of up to 40% of an

88

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oregon Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Oregon laws and incentives related

89

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Texas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Texas laws and incentives related

90

Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type California Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all California laws and incentives

91

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Cellulosic Ethanol Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Cellulosic Ethanol Investment Tax Credit A tax credit is available for investments in a qualified small business

92

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Tennessee laws and incentives

93

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Minnesota laws and incentives

94

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Kentucky laws and incentives

95

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Delaware Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Delaware laws and incentives

96

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nevada Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Nevada laws and incentives related

97

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Pennsylvania laws and incentives

98

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Oklahoma laws and incentives

99

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Production Tax Production Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Production Tax Credit An ethanol facility is eligible for a credit of $0.075 per gallon of ethanol, before denaturing, for new production for up to 36 consecutive

100

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Georgia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Georgia laws and incentives

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idaho Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Idaho laws and incentives related

102

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Florida Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Florida laws and incentives

103

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Mississippi laws and incentives

104

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Colorado Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Colorado laws and incentives

105

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Production Financing  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Cellulosic Ethanol Cellulosic Ethanol Production Financing to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Production Financing on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Production Financing on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Production Financing on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Production Financing on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Production Financing on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Ethanol Production Financing on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Cellulosic Ethanol Production Financing The Kansas Development Finance Authority may issue revenue bonds to cover

106

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Illinois Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Illinois laws and incentives

107

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Michigan Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Michigan laws and incentives

108

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Montana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Montana laws and incentives

109

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Nebraska laws and incentives

110

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kansas Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Kansas laws and incentives related

111

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Louisiana laws and incentives

112

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Indiana Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Indiana laws and incentives

113

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Missouri Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Missouri laws and incentives

114

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Utah Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Utah laws and incentives related

115

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Iowa Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Iowa laws and incentives related

116

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ohio Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Ohio laws and incentives related

117

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Connecticut laws and incentives

118

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Vermont Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Vermont laws and incentives

119

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maryland Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Maryland laws and incentives

120

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Washington Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Washington laws and incentives

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Hawaii laws and incentives related

122

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arizona Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Arizona laws and incentives

123

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alabama Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Alabama laws and incentives

124

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Wyoming laws and incentives

125

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Federal Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Federal laws and incentives

126

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maine Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Maine laws and incentives related

127

Vaporizer design criteria for ethanol fueled internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

been identified in conversion of diesel engines of farm tractors for using alcohol fuels. Distillation at atmospheric pressure does not yield 200 proof ethanol, (Winston, 1981), so with present technology, ethanol produced on farms is aqueous. A... engines 2. Modify diesel to tolerate straight ethanol injection. 3. Mix ethanol with diesel fuel. 4. Carburete the ethanol separately Converting Diesels To SI Engines Most diesel engines currently used in tractors operate with compression ratios...

Ariyaratne, Arachchi Rallage

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

128

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Methanol Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

and Methanol and Methanol Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Methanol Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Methanol Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Methanol Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Methanol Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Methanol Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Methanol Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol and Methanol Tax Ethyl alcohol and methyl alcohol motor fuels are taxed at a rate of $0.08 per gallon when used as a motor fuel. Ethyl alcohol is defined as a motor

129

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Hydrogen Production Facility  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol and Hydrogen Ethanol and Hydrogen Production Facility Permits to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Hydrogen Production Facility Permits on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Hydrogen Production Facility Permits on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Hydrogen Production Facility Permits on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Hydrogen Production Facility Permits on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Hydrogen Production Facility Permits on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Hydrogen Production Facility Permits on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

130

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Property Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Production Ethanol Production Facility Property Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Property Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Property Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Property Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Property Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Property Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Property Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

131

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants and Loan  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Infrastructure Ethanol Infrastructure Grants and Loan Guarantees to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants and Loan Guarantees on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants and Loan Guarantees on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants and Loan Guarantees on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants and Loan Guarantees on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants and Loan Guarantees on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Infrastructure Grants and Loan Guarantees on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

132

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: Ethanol Blender Pump  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Ethanol Blender Pump Dispenser Certified (August 2010) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: Ethanol Blender Pump Dispenser Certified (August 2010) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: Ethanol Blender Pump Dispenser Certified (August 2010) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: Ethanol Blender Pump Dispenser Certified (August 2010) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: Ethanol Blender Pump Dispenser Certified (August 2010) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: Ethanol Blender Pump Dispenser Certified (August 2010) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: Ethanol Blender Pump Dispenser Certified (August 2010) on

133

Fuel Puddle Model and AFR Compensator for Gasoline-Ethanol Blends in Flex-Fuel Engines*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel Puddle Model and AFR Compensator for Gasoline-Ethanol Blends in Flex-Fuel Engines* Kyung vehicles (FFVs) can operate on a blend of gasoline and ethanol in any concentration of up to 85% ethanol for gasoline-ethanol blends is, thus, necessary for the purpose of air-to-fuel ratio control. In this paper, we

Stefanopoulou, Anna

134

Experiences from Ethanol Buses and Fuel Station Report - Nanyang | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Experiences from Ethanol Buses and Fuel Station Report - Nanyang Experiences from Ethanol Buses and Fuel Station Report - Nanyang Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Experiences from Ethanol Buses and Fuel Station Report - Nanyang Agency/Company /Organization: BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: www.best-europe.org/upload/BEST_documents/info_documents/Best%20report This report addresses the experience of introducing ethanol buses and fuel stations in Nanyang (China). Though the demonstration met initial obstacles, significant data and information was collected. The responses from drivers and passengers show that the ethanol buses were well accepted, and the function and performance of the ethanol buses was satisfactory. How to Use This Tool

135

U.S. Fuel Ethanol Plant Production Capacity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Fuel Ethanol Plant Production Capacity U.S. Fuel Ethanol Plant Production Capacity Release Date: May 20, 2013 | Next Release Date: May 2014 Previous Issues Year: 2013 2012 2011 Go Notice: Changes to Petroleum Supply Survey Forms for 2013 This is the third release of U.S. Energy Information Administration data on fuel ethanol production capacity. EIA first reported fuel ethanol production capacities as of January 1, 2011 on November 29, 2011. This new report contains production capacity data for all operating U.S. fuel ethanol production plants as of January 1, 2013. U.S. Nameplate Fuel Ethanol Plant Production Capacity as of January 1, 2013 PAD District Number of Plants 2013 Nameplate Capacity 2012 Nameplate Capacity (MMgal/year) (mb/d) (MMgal/year) (mb/d) PADD 1 4 360 23 316 21

136

Natural and Anthropogenic Ethanol Sources in North America and Potential Atmospheric Impacts of Ethanol Fuel Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural and Anthropogenic Ethanol Sources in North America and Potential Atmospheric Impacts of Ethanol Fuel Use Dylan B. Millet,*, Eric Apel, Daven K. Henze,§ Jason Hill, Julian D. Marshall, Hanwant B-Chem chemical transport model to constrain present-day North American ethanol sources, and gauge potential long

Mlllet, Dylan B.

137

High performance of a carbon supported ternary PdIrNi catalyst for ethanol electro-oxidation in anion-exchange membrane direct ethanol fuel cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, including methanol, ethanol, glycerol, ethylene glycol, and so on, ethanol is the best choice, as it has abundant than Pt and has a much lower price, and thus the cost of fuel cell technology can be greatly. Secondly, Pd is more abundant than Pt and has a much lower price, and thus the cost of fuel cell technology

Zhao, Tianshou

138

Fact #679: June 13, 2011 U.S. Imports of Fuel Ethanol Drop Sharply...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

9: June 13, 2011 U.S. Imports of Fuel Ethanol Drop Sharply Fact 679: June 13, 2011 U.S. Imports of Fuel Ethanol Drop Sharply U.S. imports of fuel ethanol were low until 2004 when...

139

Development of an SI DI Ethanol Optimized Flex Fuel Engine Using...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Development of an SI DI Ethanol Optimized Flex Fuel Engine Using Advanced Valvetrain Development of an SI DI Ethanol Optimized Flex Fuel Engine Using Advanced Valvetrain...

140

Making Better Use of Ethanol as a Transportation Fuel With "Renewable...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Making Better Use of Ethanol as a Transportation Fuel With "Renewable Super Premium" Making Better Use of Ethanol as a Transportation Fuel With "Renewable Super Premium" Breakout...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Microbial fuel cell treatment of ethanol fermentation process water  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a method for removing inhibitor compounds from a cellulosic biomass-to-ethanol process which includes a pretreatment step of raw cellulosic biomass material and the production of fermentation process water after production and removal of ethanol from a fermentation step, the method comprising contacting said fermentation process water with an anode of a microbial fuel cell, said anode containing microbes thereon which oxidatively degrade one or more of said inhibitor compounds while producing electrical energy or hydrogen from said oxidative degradation, and wherein said anode is in electrical communication with a cathode, and a porous material (such as a porous or cation-permeable membrane) separates said anode and cathode.

Borole, Abhijeet P. (Knoxville, TN)

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

142

ETHANOL FROM CORN: CLEAN RENEWABLE FUEL FOR THE FUTURE, OR DRAIN ON OUR RESOURCES AND POCKETS?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ETHANOL FROM CORN: CLEAN RENEWABLE FUEL FOR THE FUTURE, OR DRAIN ON OUR RESOURCES AND POCKETS? TAD as ethanol from corn. When this corn ethanol is burned as a gasoline additive or fuel, its use amounts that burn corn ethanol is halved. The wide- spread use of corn ethanol will cause manifold damage to air

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

143

Fact #588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

8: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content Fact 588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content The fuel economy of a vehicle is...

144

Characterization of Dual-Fuel Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) Using Hydrated Ethanol and Diesel Fuel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This study uses numerical simulations to explore the use of wet ethanol as the low-reactivity fuel and diesel as the high-reactivity fuel for RCCI operation in a heavy-duty diesel engine.

145

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Corn-to-Ethanol Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Corn-to-Ethanol Research Pilot Plant The Illinois Ethanol Research Advisory Board manages and operates the

146

Miscibility of Ethanol in Diesel Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fuels selected were as follows:? US-1D, US-2D, kerosene, light cycle oil, #1 fuel oil, Fischer Tropsch Liquid 2 (FTL-2, FTL refers to a broad-cut fraction of Fischer?Tropsch products not meeting diesel volatility specifications.), ... The close proximity of a mixture's UCST to the fuel's cloud point masked the classical UCST phase behavior for the FTL fuels and light cycle oil; however, the general trends persisted. ...

K. R. Gerdes; G. J. Suppes

2001-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

147

Modeling the natural attenuation of benzene in groundwater impacted by ethanol-blended fuels: Effect of ethanol content  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling the natural attenuation of benzene in groundwater impacted by ethanol-blended fuels: Effect of ethanol content on the lifespan and maximum length of benzene plumes Diego E. Gomez1 and Pedro 10 March 2009. [1] A numerical model was used to evaluate how the concentration of ethanol

Alvarez, Pedro J.

148

Fuel Economy and Emmissions of the Ethanol-Optimized Saab 9-5...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel Economy and Emmissions of the Ethanol-Optimized Saab 9-5 Biopower Fuel Economy and Emmissions of the Ethanol-Optimized Saab 9-5 Biopower This page contains information on the...

149

Stripping ethanol from ethanol-blended fuels for use in NO.sub.x SCR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method to use diesel fuel alchohol micro emulsions (E-diesel) to provide a source of reductant to lower NO.sub.x emissions using selective catalytic reduction. Ethanol is stripped from the micro emulsion and entered into the exhaust gasses upstream of the reducing catalyst. The method allows diesel (and other lean-burn) engines to meet new, lower emission standards without having to carry separate fuel and reductant tanks.

Kass, Michael Delos (Oak Ridge, TN); Graves, Ronald Lee (Knoxville, TN); Storey, John Morse Elliot (Oak Ridge, TN); Lewis, Sr., Samuel Arthur (Andersonville, TN); Sluder, Charles Scott (Knoxville, TN); Thomas, John Foster (Powell, TN)

2007-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

150

Modeling the Effect of Fuel Ethanol Concentration on Cylinder Pressure Evolution in Direct-Injection Flex-Fuel Engines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling the Effect of Fuel Ethanol Concentration on Cylinder Pressure Evolution in Direct the fuel vaporization pro- cess for ethanol-gasoline fuel blends and the associated charge cooling effect experimental cylinder pressure for different gasoline-ethanol blends and various speeds and loads on a 2.0 L

Stefanopoulou, Anna

151

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all New Jersey laws and incentives

152

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Rhode Island laws and incentives

153

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New York Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all New York laws and incentives

154

Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all North Dakota laws and incentives

155

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all New Mexico laws and incentives

156

Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all South Dakota laws and incentives

157

NMOG Emissions Characterization and Estimation for Vehicles Using Ethanol-Blended Fuels  

SciTech Connect

Ethanol is a biofuel commonly used in gasoline blends to displace petroleum consumption; its utilization is on the rise in the United States, spurred by the biofuel utilization mandates put in place by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA). The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has the statutory responsibility to implement the EISA mandates through the promulgation of the Renewable Fuel Standard. EPA has historically mandated an emissions certification fuel specification that calls for ethanol-free fuel, except for the certification of flex-fuel vehicles. However, since the U.S. gasoline marketplace is now virtually saturated with E10, some organizations have suggested that inclusion of ethanol in emissions certification fuels would be appropriate. The test methodologies and calculations contained in the Code of Federal Regulations for gasoline-fueled vehicles have been developed with the presumption that the certification fuel does not contain ethanol; thus, a number of technical issues would require resolution before such a change could be accomplished. This report makes use of the considerable data gathered during the mid-level blends testing program to investigate one such issue: estimation of non-methane organic gas (NMOG) emissions. The data reported in this paper were gathered from over 600 cold-start Federal Test Procedure (FTP) tests conducted on 68 vehicles representing 21 models from model year 2000 to 2009. Most of the vehicles were certified to the Tier-2 emissions standard, but several older Tier-1 and national low emissions vehicle program (NLEV) vehicles were also included in the study. Exhaust speciation shows that ethanol, acetaldehyde, and formaldehyde dominate the oxygenated species emissions when ethanol is blended into the test fuel. A set of correlations were developed that are derived from the measured non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC) emissions and the ethanol blend level in the fuel. These correlations were applied to the measured NMHC emissions from the mid-level ethanol blends testing program and the results compared against the measured NMOG emissions. The results show that the composite FTP NMOG emissions estimate has an error of 0.0015 g/mile {+-}0.0074 for 95% of the test results. Estimates for the individual phases of the FTP are also presented with similar error levels. A limited number of tests conducted using the LA92, US06, and highway fuel economy test cycles show that the FTP correlation also holds reasonably well for these cycles, though the error level relative to the measured NMOG value increases for NMOG emissions less than 0.010 g/mile.

Sluder, Scott [ORNL; West, Brian H [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Ethanol Production for Automotive Fuel Usage  

SciTech Connect

The conceptual design of the 20 million gallon per year anhydrous ethanol facility a t Raft River has been completed. The corresponding geothermal gathering, extraction and reinjection systems to supply the process heating requirement were also completed. The ethanol facility operating on sugar beets, potatoes and wheat will share common fermentation and product recovery equipment. The geothermal fluid requirement will be approximately 6,000 gpm. It is anticipated that this flow will be supplied by 9 supply wells spaced at no closer than 1/4 mile in order to prevent mutual interferences. The geothermal fluid will be flashed in three stages to supply process steam at 250 F, 225 F and 205 F for various process needs. Steam condensate plus liquid remaining after the third flash will all be reinjected through 9 reinjection wells. The capital cost estimated for this ethanol plant employing all three feedstocks is $64 million. If only a single feedstock were used (for the same 20 mm gal/yr plant) the capital costs are estimated at $51.6 million, $43.1 million and $40. 5 million for sugar beets, potatoes and wheat respectively. The estimated capital cost for the geothermal system is $18 million.

Lindemuth, T.E.; Stenzel, R.A.; Yim, Y.J.; Yu, J.

1980-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

159

Puddle Dynamics and Air-to-Fuel Ratio Compensation for Gasoline-Ethanol Blends in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Puddle Dynamics and Air-to-Fuel Ratio Compensation for Gasoline-Ethanol Blends in Flex-Fuel Engines* Kyung-ho Ahn, Anna G. Stefanopoulou, and Mrdjan Jankovic Abstract--Ethanol is being increasingly flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) can operate on a blend of gasoline and ethanol in any concentration of up

Stefanopoulou, Anna

160

New Catalyst Might Expand Bio-Ethanol's Possible uses: fuel additives, rubber and solvents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

environmentally friendly products including octane- boosting gas and rubber for tires. #12;WHAT'S NEXT? FutureNew Catalyst Might Expand Bio-Ethanol's Usefulness Possible uses: fuel additives, rubber it first, potentially keeping costs lower and production times faster. Reported by researchers

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Analysis of Fuel Ethanol Transportation Activity and Potential Distribution Constraints  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides an analysis of fuel ethanol transportation activity and potential distribution constraints if the total 36 billion gallons of renewable fuel use by 2022 is mandated by EPA under the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007. Ethanol transport by domestic truck, marine, and rail distribution systems from ethanol refineries to blending terminals is estimated using Oak Ridge National Laboratory s (ORNL s) North American Infrastructure Network Model. Most supply and demand data provided by EPA were geo-coded and using available commercial sources the transportation infrastructure network was updated. The percentage increases in ton-mile movements by rail, waterways, and highways in 2022 are estimated to be 2.8%, 0.6%, and 0.13%, respectively, compared to the corresponding 2005 total domestic flows by various modes. Overall, a significantly higher level of future ethanol demand would have minimal impacts on transportation infrastructure. However, there will be spatial impacts and a significant level of investment required because of a considerable increase in rail traffic from refineries to ethanol distribution terminals.

Das, Sujit [ORNL; Peterson, Bruce E [ORNL; Chin, Shih-Miao [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Fuel-Cycle Fossil Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Fuel Ethanol Produced from U.S. Midwest Corn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Fuel-Cycle Fossil Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Fuel Ethanol Produced from U essential to an informed choice about the corn-to-ethanol cycle are in need of updating, thanks to scientific and technological advances in both corn farming and ethanol production; and (2) generalized

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

163

2010-01-0166 Ethanol Content Estimation in Flex Fuel Direct Injection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010-01-0166 Ethanol Content Estimation in Flex Fuel Direct Injection Engines Using In (FFVs) are able to operate on a blend of ethanol and gasoline in any volumetric concen- tration of up to 85% ethanol (93% in Brazil). The estima- tion of ethanol content is crucial for optimized and robust

Stefanopoulou, Anna

164

TOLERANT ETHANOL ESTIMATION IN FLEX-FUEL VEHICLES DURING MAF SENSOR DRIFTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TOLERANT ETHANOL ESTIMATION IN FLEX-FUEL VEHICLES DURING MAF SENSOR DRIFTS Kyung-ho Ahn, Anna G Engineering Dearborn, Michigan 48121 ABSTRACT Flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) can operate on a blend of ethanol and gasoline in any volumetric concentration of up to 85% ethanol (93% in Brazil). Existing FFVs rely

Stefanopoulou, Anna

165

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Goss' Garage Provides Tips for Using Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Goss' Garage Provides Goss' Garage Provides Tips for Using Ethanol in Classic Cars to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Goss' Garage Provides Tips for Using Ethanol in Classic Cars on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Goss' Garage Provides Tips for Using Ethanol in Classic Cars on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Goss' Garage Provides Tips for Using Ethanol in Classic Cars on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Goss' Garage Provides Tips for Using Ethanol in Classic Cars on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Goss' Garage Provides Tips for Using Ethanol in Classic Cars on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Goss' Garage Provides Tips for Using Ethanol in Classic Cars on AddThis.com...

166

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Prohibition of the Sale of Ethanol-Blended  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Prohibition of the Prohibition of the Sale of Ethanol-Blended Gasoline to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Prohibition of the Sale of Ethanol-Blended Gasoline on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Prohibition of the Sale of Ethanol-Blended Gasoline on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Prohibition of the Sale of Ethanol-Blended Gasoline on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Prohibition of the Sale of Ethanol-Blended Gasoline on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Prohibition of the Sale of Ethanol-Blended Gasoline on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Prohibition of the Sale of Ethanol-Blended Gasoline on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

167

Vehicle Certification Test Fuel and Ethanol Flex Fuel Quality  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Breakout Session 2: Frontiers and Horizons Session 2B: End Use and Fuel Certification Paul Machiele, Center Director for Fuel Programs, Office of Transportation & Air Quality, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

168

Profit and policy implications of producing biodieselethanoldiesel fuel blends to specification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A nonlinear optimization model is developed in this work to analyze biodieselethanoldiesel (BED) ternary blending processes. The model establishes optimal blends to improve the system profitability given production costs, market demand, and fuel prices while meeting multiple property criteria such as kinematic viscosity, density, lower heating value, cloud point, cetane number, fuel stability and sulfur content. Pertinent fuel mixing rules for predicting the fuel properties of BED blends were extrapolated from previous works and applied as constraints to the present model. Several dynamic and/or uncertainty factors were explored in further depth to quantify their impacts on the fuel composition of BED blends including petro-diesel supply reduction, diesel production cost, diesel blends market retail price, and policy changes on bio-fuel subsidies. By examining key optimization sensitivity analysis such as shadow prices and opportunity costs, the crucial limits or constraints on fuel specifications can be identified and used to proactively identify and promote the development of potential additives. The model also suggests the government policy of simultaneously implementing bio-fuel tax credits and mandates may not have a higher contribution to promoting bio-fuel production than the case only with tax credits for the firms with the goal of profit maximization. The firms enable 58% increase of the optimal profit from BED blends by utilizing ethanol derived from food waste feedstocks instead of edible biomass.

Jiefeng Lin; Gabrielle Gaustad; Thomas A. Trabold

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Decision-making of biomass ethanol fuel policy based on life cycle 3E assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To evaluate the environmental, economic, energy performance of biomass ethanol fuel in China and to support the decision-making of biomass ethanol energy policy, an assessment method of life cycle 3E (economy, en...

Ru-bo Leng PhD; Du Dai; Xiao-jun Chen

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Combustion Phasing Model for Control of a Gasoline-Ethanol Fueled SI Engine with Variable Valve Timing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combustion Phasing Model for Control of a Gasoline-Ethanol Fueled SI Engine with Variable Valve engine efficiency. Fuel-flexible engines permit the increased use of ethanol-gasoline blends. Ethanol points across the engine operating range for four blends of gasoline and ethanol. I. INTRODUCTION Fuel

171

Chapter 11 - Co-Generation by Ethanol Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Steam reforming of ethanol using plate-type alumite catalysts was performed at atmospheric pressure in the temperature range of 300600C under space velocity of 50,000 h?1 with the objective of developing a high-performance proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) systems. Alumite catalyst, which is prepared by anodic oxidation of aluminum plate, is advantageous for endothermic steam reforming reactions because of its excellent thermal conductivity. The method to increase durability of the alumite catalysts by preventing carbon formation was studied. The addition of Pt to Ni2Ce2 catalyst leads to satisfactory results in daily start and stop (DSS) tests with 20 cycles, and the conversion of ethanol is maintained at 100% with no observed depletion of the catalyst.

Hideo Kameyama

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Development of an SI DI Ethanol Optimized Flex Fuel Engine Using...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SI DI Ethanol Optimized Flex Fuel Engine Using Advanced Valvetrain Wayne Moore, Matt Foster, Kevin Hoyer, Keith Confer Delphi Advanced Powertrain DEER Conference September 29, 2010...

173

Effect of Fuel Ethanol on Subsurface Microorganisms and its Influence on Biodegradation of BTEX Compounds.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ethanol is used as fuel in neat form in some countries (Brazil and India) or blended with gasoline (Europe, Canada and the United States). The (more)

Araujo, Daniela

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Oxy-fuel Combustion of Ethanol in Premixed Flames  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(11-14) First, measurements using a heat flux setup for liquid fuels were studied on ethanol + air combustion. ... The heat flux method builds on the principle that heat is transferred to the unburnt gas, cooling the plate, while heat transfer from the flame heats the plate. ... A detailed kinetic scheme was compiled using known data on EtOH kinetics and is self-consistent in that it closely predicts laminar flame speed of EtOH, CH4, MeOH, and C2-hydrocarbons. ...

Jenny D. Nauclr; Moah Christensen; Elna J. K. Nilsson; Alexander A. Konnov

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

175

Experimental and Modeling Study of the Flammability of Fuel Tank Headspace Vapors from High Ethanol Content Fuels  

SciTech Connect

Study determined the flammability of fuel tank headspace vapors as a function of ambient temperature for seven E85 fuel blends, two types of gasoline, and denatured ethanol at a low tank fill level.

Gardiner, D.; Bardon, M.; Pucher, G.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Wet ethanol in HCCI engines with exhaust heat recovery to improve the energy balance of ethanol fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study explores the use of wet ethanol as a fuel for HCCI engines while using exhaust heat recovery to provide the high input energy required for igniting wet ethanol. Experiments were conducted on a 4-cylinder Volkswagen engine modified for HCCI operation and retrofitted with an exhaust gas heat exchanger connected to one cylinder. Tested fuel blends ranged from 100% ethanol to 80% ethanol by volume, with the balance being water. These blends are directly formed in the process of ethanol production from biomass. Comprehensive data was collected for operating conditions ranging from intake pressures of 1.42.0bar and equivalence ratios from 0.25 to 0.55. The heat exchanger was used to preheat the intake air allowing HCCI combustion without electrical air heating. The results suggest that the best operating conditions for the HCCI engine and heat exchanger system in terms of high power output, low ringing, and low nitrogen oxide emissions occur with high intake pressures, high equivalence ratios, and highly delayed combustion timings. Removing the final 20% of water from ethanol is a major energy sink. The results of this study show that HCCI engines can use ethanol fuels with up to 20% water while maintaining favorable operating conditions. This can remove the need for the most energy-intensive portion of the water removal process.

Samveg Saxena; Silvan Schneider; Salvador Aceves; Robert Dibble

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Can ethanol alone meet California's low carbon fuel standard? An evaluation of feedstock  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The feasibility of meeting California's low carbon fuel standard(LCFS) using ethanol from various feedstocks is assessed. Lifecycle greenhouse gas(GHG) emissions, direct agricultural land use, petroleum displacement directly due to ethanol blending, and production costs for a number of conventional and lignocellulosic ethanol pathways are estimated under various supply scenarios. The results indicate that after considering indirect land use effects, all sources of ethanol examined, except Midwest corn ethanol, are viable options to meet the LCFS. However, the required ethanol quantity depends on the GHG emissions performance and ethanol availability. The quantity of ethanol that can be produced from lignocellulosic biomass resources within California is insufficient to meet the year 2020 LCFS target. Utilizing lignocellulosic ethanol to meet the LCFS is more attractive than utilizing Brazilian sugarcane ethanol due to projected lower direct agricultural land use, dependence on imported energy, ethanol cost, required refueling infrastructure modifications and penetration of flexible fuel E85 vehicles. However, advances in cellulosic ethanol technology and commercial production capacity are required to support moderate-to large-scale introduction of low carbon intensity cellulosic ethanol. Current cellulosic ethanol production cost estimates suffer from relatively high uncertainty and need to be refined based on commercial scale production data when available.

Yimin Zhang; Satish Joshi; Heather L MacLean

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Experimental and Modeling Study of the Flammability of Fuel Tank Headspace Vapors from Ethanol/Gasoline Fuels; Phase 3: Effects of Winter Gasoline Volatility and Ethanol Content on Blend Flammability; Flammability Limits of Denatured Ethanol  

SciTech Connect

This study assessed differences in headspace flammability for summertime gasolines and new high-ethanol content fuel blends. The results apply to vehicle fuel tanks and underground storage tanks. Ambient temperature and fuel formulation effects on headspace vapor flammability of ethanol/gasoline blends were evaluated. Depending on the degree of tank filling, fuel type, and ambient temperature, fuel vapors in a tank can be flammable or non-flammable. Pure gasoline vapors in tanks generally are too rich to be flammable unless ambient temperatures are extremely low. High percentages of ethanol blended with gasoline can be less volatile than pure gasoline and can produce flammable headspace vapors at common ambient temperatures. The study supports refinements of fuel ethanol volatility specifications and shows potential consequences of using noncompliant fuels. E85 is flammable at low temperatures; denatured ethanol is flammable at warmer temperatures. If both are stored at the same location, one or both of the tanks' headspace vapors will be flammable over a wide range of ambient temperatures. This is relevant to allowing consumers to splash -blend ethanol and gasoline at fueling stations. Fuels compliant with ASTM volatility specifications are relatively safe, but the E85 samples tested indicate that some ethanol fuels may produce flammable vapors.

Gardiner, D. P.; Bardon, M. F.; Clark, W.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Energy and exergy analysis of an ethanol reforming process for solid oxide fuel cell applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The fuel processor in which hydrogen is produced from fuels is an important unit in a fuel cell system. The aim of this study is to apply a thermodynamic concept to identify a suitable reforming process for an ethanol-fueled solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). Three different reforming technologies, i.e., steam reforming, partial oxidation and autothermal reforming, are considered. The first and second laws of thermodynamics are employed to determine an energy demand and to describe how efficiently the energy is supplied to the reforming process. Effect of key operating parameters on the distribution of reforming products, such as H2, CO, CO2 and CH4, and the possibility of carbon formation in different ethanol reformings are examined as a function of steam-to-ethanol ratio, oxygen-to-ethanol ratio and temperatures at atmospheric pressure. Energy and exergy analysis are performed to identify the best ethanol reforming process for SOFC applications.

Phanicha Tippawan; Amornchai Arpornwichanop

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Ternary PtSnRhSnO2 nanoclusters: synthesis and electroactivity for ethanol oxidation fuel cell reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ternary PtSnRh­SnO2 nanoclusters: synthesis and electroactivity for ethanol oxidation fuel cell a superior long-term activity and stability towards ethanol oxidation than the commercial Pt catalyst. Our. Ethanol becomes an attractive fuel in the fuel cell reactions compared with methanol and hydrogen, because

Frenkel, Anatoly

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Intermediate-Scale, Semicontinuous Solid-Phase Fermentation Process for Production of Fuel Ethanol from Sweet Sorghum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...sweet sorghum to fuel ethanol by a semicontinuous...progressively larger vessels of the inoculum...theoretical farm- scale fuel ethanol plant with sweet sorghuma Consumption Component Amt...1983. Energy consumption of a farm-scale...Farm-scale production of fuel ethanol and wet...

William R. Gibbons; Carl A. Westby; Thomas L. Dobbs

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

The Food Crises: A quantitative model of food prices including speculators and ethanol conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent increases in basic food prices are severely impacting vulnerable populations worldwide. Proposed causes such as shortages of grain due to adverse weather, increasing meat consumption in China and India, conversion of corn to ethanol in the US, and investor speculation on commodity markets lead to widely differing implications for policy. A lack of clarity about which factors are responsible reinforces policy inaction. Here, for the first time, we construct a dynamic model that quantitatively agrees with food prices. The results show that the dominant causes of price increases are investor speculation and ethanol conversion. Models that just treat supply and demand are not consistent with the actual price dynamics. The two sharp peaks in 2007/2008 and 2010/2011 are specifically due to investor speculation, while an underlying upward trend is due to increasing demand from ethanol conversion. The model includes investor trend following as well as shifting between commodities, equities and bonds to take ad...

Lagi, Marco; Bertrand, Karla Z; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Ethanol diesel dual fuel clean combustion with FPGA enabled control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sophisticated engine controls have progressively become vital enablers for implementing clean and efficient combustion. The low temperature combustion in diesel engines is a viable combustion mode that offers ultra-low nitrogen oxides and dry soot emissions, yet only feasible under tightly controlled operating conditions. In this work, the dual fuel application of ethanol and diesel is studied for clean and efficient combustion. A set of real-time controllers has been configured to control the common-rail pressure and injection events, in concert with the use of two fuels in a high compression ratio diesel engine. An improved control algorithm has been implemented into the field programmable gate array devices to promptly execute the injection commands of the port and direct injection events. Such reliable and prompt control of fuel injection has been identified as critical to safely enable simultaneously low nitrogen oxides and soot combustion, especially when excessive or inadequate rate of exhaust gas recirculation is imminent. High load clean combustion was achieved with the improved control system.

Xiaoye Han; Jimi Tjong; Graham T. Reader; Ming Zheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: New Mid-Level Ethanol Blends  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

New New Mid-Level Ethanol Blends Certification Path, UL Meeting, and Mid-Level Blends Testing (August 2009) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: New Mid-Level Ethanol Blends Certification Path, UL Meeting, and Mid-Level Blends Testing (August 2009) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: New Mid-Level Ethanol Blends Certification Path, UL Meeting, and Mid-Level Blends Testing (August 2009) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: New Mid-Level Ethanol Blends Certification Path, UL Meeting, and Mid-Level Blends Testing (August 2009) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: New Mid-Level Ethanol Blends Certification Path, UL Meeting, and Mid-Level Blends Testing

185

Experiences from Ethanol Buses and Fuel Station Report - La Spezia | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Experiences from Ethanol Buses and Fuel Station Report - La Spezia Experiences from Ethanol Buses and Fuel Station Report - La Spezia Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Experiences from Ethanol Buses and Fuel Station Report - La Spezia Agency/Company /Organization: BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: www.best-europe.org/upload/BEST_documents/info_documents/Best%20report This report summarizes the introduction and utilization of E95 buses and E95 pumps in the region of La Spezia (Italy) within the framework of the BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport (BEST) project. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Avoid - Cut the need for travel Shift - Change to low-carbon modes Improve - Enhance infrastructure & policies

186

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

and must include space for the following fuel types: gasoline, diesel, propane, electricity, natural gas, methanolM85, ethanolE85, biodiesel, and other. For more...

187

Alternative Fuel Vehicle Resources  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Alternative fuel vehicles use fuel types other than petroleum and include such fuels as electricity, ethanol, biodiesel, natural gas, hydrogen, and propane. Compared to petroleum, these...

188

Ethanol Fuels: Energy Balance, Economics, and Environmental Impacts Are Negative  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several studies suggest that the $1.4 billion in government subsidies are encouraging the ethanol program without substantial benefits to the U.S. economy. Large ethanol industries and a few U.S. government ... a...

David Pimentel

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Winter Heating Fuels - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

stocks, imports and exports. Renewable & Alternative Fuels Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. Nuclear & Uranium Uranium fuel, nuclear...

190

Renewable Fuels Associations National Ethanol Conference  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Mark Elless, a BETO technology manager, will be representing BETO at the 20th anniversary of the National Ethanol Conference.

191

Experimental investigation of regulated and unregulated emissions from a diesel engine fueled with ultralow-sulfur diesel fuel blended with ethanol and dodecanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experiments were conducted on a four-cylinder direct-injection diesel engine using ultralow-sulfur diesel as the main fuel, ethanol as the oxygenate additive and dodecanol as the solvent, to investigate the regulated and unregulated emissions of the engine under five engine loads at an engine speed of 1800revmin?1. Blended fuels containing 6.1%, 12.2%, 18.2% and 24.2% by volume of ethanol, corresponding to 2%, 4%, 6% and 8% by mass of oxygen in the blended fuel, were used. The results indicate that with an increase in ethanol in the fuel, the brake specific fuel consumption becomes higher while there is little change in the brake thermal efficiency. Regarding the regulated emissions, HC and CO increase significantly at low engine load but might decrease at high engine load, \\{NOx\\} emission slightly decreases at low engine load but slightly increases at high engine load, while particulate mass decreases significantly at high engine load. For the unregulated gaseous emissions, unburned ethanol and acetaldehyde increase but formaldehyde, ethene, ethyne, 1,3-butadiene and BTX (benzene, toluene and xylene) in general decrease, especially at high engine load. A diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) is found to reduce significantly most of the pollutants, including the air toxics.

C.S. Cheung; Yage Di; Zuohua Huang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

An Analysis of the Effects of Government Subsidies and the Renewable Fuels Standard on the Fuel Ethanol Industry: A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ethanol Industry: A Structural Econometric Model By Fujin Yi, C.-Y. Cynthia Lin, Karen Thome This paper ethanol industry. Analyses that ignore the dynamic implications of these policies, including their effects on incumbent ethanol firms' investment, production, and exit decisions and on potential entrants' entry

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

193

Fuel Economy and Emmissions of the Ethanol-Optimized Saab 9...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

07-01-3994 Fuel Economy and Emissions of the Ethanol- Optimized Saab 9-5 Biopower Brian H. West, Alberto J. Lpez, Timothy J. Theiss, Ronald L. Graves, John M. Storey and Samuel...

194

Clean Cities: Ethanol Basics, Fact Sheet, October 2008  

SciTech Connect

Document answers frequently asked questions about ethanol as a transportation fuel, including those on production, environmental effects, and vehicles.

Not Available

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Status Update: Ethanol Blender...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blender pumps are fuel dispensers that draw fuel from two separate bulk storage tanks and can dispense preprogrammed blends of those fuels into vehicles. Many stations...

196

Emissions and efficiency of agricultural diesels using low-proof ethanol as supplement fuel. [Tractor engines  

SciTech Connect

Experimental investigations were made to evaluate the potential of using low-proof ethanol to supplement diesel fuel in agricultural engines. Fumigation, mechanical emulsification, and chemical emulsifiers were used to introduce a significant amount of alcohol with diesel fuel for engine operation. A total of five diesel tractor engines were tested using each of the fuel systems. Exhaust products and fuel usage were determined at various engine speed/load conditions. 5 references, 12 figures, 14 tables.

Allsup, J.R.; Clingenpeel, J.M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Tailoring key fuel properties of dieselbiodieselethanol blends for diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alternative fuel research for the profusely growing number of diesel run automotive has intensified due to environmental reasons and turmoil in petroleum market. Government initiatives all around the world, their energy policies and steps to emphasis the use of biodiesel; proved biodiesel as a number one renewable substitute for No. 2 diesel fuels. Among all biodiesel feedstock, palm oil is a potential source with higher yield rate without much fertilizer use especially in tropical region. However, the application of transesterified palm biodiesel is objected by many auto-manufacturers due to adverse effects on engine in long term operation. The aim of this study was to modify the key fuel properties of palm biodiesel which causes engine fouling in long term operation. A significant amount of work is devoted to mix biodiesel and diesel at arbitrary percentages and test engine performance. Numerous fuel additives are developed for biodiesels automotive use. In this study, chemical properties of biodiesel are tailored by ethanol and an optimum formulation is derived mathematically. Ethanol is used at a controlled proportion (6%) with palm oil methyl ester (POME) as additive to reduce the higher viscosity of POME. This optimum palm biodieselethanol blend was mixed at varying proportions (i.e. 030%) with No. 2 diesel to produce ternary blends of dieselpalm biodieselethanol. Cold flow properties (such as, could point, pour point) of these ternary blends has improved and minute percentage of ethanol adding did not adversely affect the oxidation stability and corrosiveness of the fuel blend. Ethanol has significantly reduces the flash point, but the flammability of ternary blends is classified as Class II; similar to that of diesel. Cetane number is reduced in ternary blends by ethanol. So, palm biodiesel with minute percentage of anhydrous ethanol as additive in the ternary blend significantly improved key fuel properties significantly.

Md. Jayed Hussan; Masjuki Hj. Hassan; Md. Abul Kalam; Liaquat Ali Memon

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Final Environmental Assessment for Construction and Operation of a Proposed Ethanol Cellulosic Ethanol Plant, Range Fuels, Inc.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

i i n a l E n v i r o n m e n t a l A s s e s s m e n t Construction and Operation of a Proposed Cellulosic Ethanol Plant, Range Fuels, Inc. Treutlen County, Georgia DOE/EA 1597 Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy October 2007 Contents Section Page Contents........................................................................................................................................iii Acronyms and Abbreviations .................................................................................................vii 1.0 Introduction......................................................................................................................1 1.1 Background ..........................................................................................................1

199

Cold start characteristics of ethanol as an automobile fuel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An alcohol fuel burner and decomposer in which one stream of fuel is preheated by passing it through an electrically heated conduit to vaporize the fuel, the fuel vapor is mixed with air, the air-fuel mixture is ignited and combusted, and the combustion gases are passed in heat exchange relationship with a conduit carrying a stream of fuel to decompose the fuel forming a fuel stream containing hydrogen gas for starting internal combustion engines, the mass flow of the combustion gas being increased as it flows in heat exchange relationship with the fuel carrying conduit, is disclosed.

Greiner, Leonard (2750-C Segerstrom, Santa Ana, CA 92704)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Overexpression of a truncated form of the MSN2 gene enhances the initial rate of ethanol production in an industrial fuel-ethanol Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The yeast strain CAT-1 isolated from a Brazilian fuel-ethanol plant (Babrzadeh et al. 2009) is...MSN4, MSN2, YAP1 and HSF1...of tolerant yeast strains are highly expressed under ethanol stress [1...], we generate...

Augusto Bcker; Davi Ludvig Gonalves; Jlio Czar Esprito Santo

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Fuel cell repeater unit including frame and separator plate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An example fuel cell repeater includes a separator plate and a frame establishing at least a portion of a flow path that is operative to communicate fuel to or from at least one fuel cell held by the frame relative to the separator plate. The flow path has a perimeter and any fuel within the perimeter flow across the at least one fuel cell in a first direction. The separator plate, the frame, or both establish at least one conduit positioned outside the flow path perimeter. The conduit is outside of the flow path perimeter and is configured to direct flow in a second, different direction. The conduit is fluidly coupled with the flow path.

Yamanis, Jean; Hawkes, Justin R; Chiapetta, Jr., Louis; Bird, Connie E; Sun, Ellen Y; Croteau, Paul F

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

202

An assessment of energy balance from sugar-based ethanol for fuel-saving and climate policy - the case of an island economy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study assesses the efficiency of sugar-based ethanol production in Mauritius using the net energy balance and energy ratio. The findings indicate a positive net energy balance. For every one unit of fossil fuel used, the system returns more than six times in terms of renewable energy from ethanol. The fuel savings and other economic benefits which may be accrued to Mauritius are discussed. The sensitivity analysis shows that the fossil energy consumed in the production of fertilisers and in the transportation of feedstock to factory represents the main components which influence efficiency indicators. Greening the supply chain may enhance the efficiency and sustainability of bio-ethanol production systems. Green strategies may include the use of organic fertilisers, clean technology, and sustainable transportation and land use. The efficiency indicators can also be used to guide the CDM for sugar-based ethanol project.

Riad Sultan; Abdel Khoodaruth

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Study of the synergistic activity between industrial yeast strains resistant to high temperature and ethanol concentrations and high fermentative capacity to produce ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fuel-ethanol fermentation process includes a reutilization of the ... other well established commercial yeast strains: ZFC4 (ethanol best producer) and ZFD4 (most ethanol and temperature tolerant). Based on these...

Strohmayer Lourencetti Natlia Manuela; Danieli Flvia

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Susceptibility of Aluminum Alloys to Corrosion in Simulated Fuel Blends Containing Ethanol  

SciTech Connect

The compatibility of aluminum and aluminum alloys with synthetic fuel blends comprised of ethanol and reference fuel C (a 50/50 mix of toluene and iso-octane) was examined as a function of water content and temperature. Commercially pure wrought aluminum and several cast aluminum alloys were observed to be similarly susceptible to substantial corrosion in dry (< 50 ppm water) ethanol. Corrosion rates of all the aluminum materials examined was accelerated by increased temperature and ethanol content in the fuel mixture, but inhibited by increased water content. Pretreatments designed to stabilize passive films on aluminum increased the incubation time for onset of corrosion, suggesting film stability is a significant factor in the mechanism of corrosion.

Thomson, Jeffery K [ORNL; Pawel, Steven J [ORNL; Wilson, Dane F [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

The Renewable Fuel Standard and Ethanol Pricing: A Sensitivity Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and gasoline. In 2014, it is projected oil refineries will hit the blend wall (BW). In short, oil refineries are required to blend more ethanol into gasoline than is allowed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). As a consequence, the EPA will need...

McNair, Robert

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

206

Usage of Fuel Mixtures Containing Ethanol and Rapeseed Oil Methyl Esters in a Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

However, its use in the diesel engine cycle is hampered by the poor motor-fueling characteristics of lower alcohols and, primarily, the limited solubility of ethanol in fossil diesel fuel and its low self-ignition characteristics. ... Coefficient ? = Gair/(GfL0) estimates air supply into a diesel engine cylinder (indicator process), taking into account the differences of stoichiometric ratio L0 of the tested fuels, caused by the increase of the E portion in the RME?E mixture (Gair is air consumption, and Gf is fuel consumption). ... Future research will concentrate on the analysis of fuel injection and heat release rate characteristics in a cylinder, while a diesel engine is running on biodiesel fuels RME?E, and also on the operational parameters of diesel engines when fossil diesel fuel is replaced with three-component fuels D?RME?E. ...

Sergejus Lebedevas; Galina Lebedeva; Violeta Makareviciene; Prutenis Janulis; Egle Sendzikiene

2008-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

207

Italy (including San Marino) Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Western Europe » Italy Western Europe » Italy (including San Marino) Italy (including San Marino) Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data Trends As occurred in many industrialized nations, CO2 emissions from Italy rose steeply since the late 1940's until the growth was abruptly terminated in 1974. Since 1974, emissions from liquid fuels have vacillated, dropping from 76% to 46% of a static but varying total. Significant increases in natural gas consumption have compensated for the drop in oil consumption. In 2008, 35.8% of Italy's fossil-fuel CO2 emissions were due to natural gas consumption. Coal usage grew steadily until 1985 when CO2 emissions from coal consumption reached 16 million metric tons of carbon. Not until 2004 did coal usage exceed 1985 levels and now accounts for 13.9% of Italy's

208

Compatibility Study for Plastic, Elastomeric, and Metallic Fueling Infrastructure Materials Exposed to Aggressive Formulations of Ethanol-blended Gasoline  

SciTech Connect

In 2008 Oak Ridge National Laboratory began a series of experiments to evaluate the compatibility of fueling infrastructure materials with intermediate levels of ethanol-blended gasoline. Initially, the focus was elastomers, metals, and sealants, and the test fuels were Fuel C, CE10a, CE17a and CE25a. The results of these studies were published in 2010. Follow-on studies were performed with an emphasis on plastic (thermoplastic and thermoset) materials used in underground storage and dispenser systems. These materials were exposed to test fuels of Fuel C and CE25a. Upon completion of this effort, it was felt that additional compatibility data with higher ethanol blends was needed and another round of experimentation was performed on elastomers, metals, and plastics with CE50a and CE85a test fuels. Compatibility of polymers typically relates to the solubility of the solid polymer with a solvent. It can also mean susceptibility to chemical attack, but the polymers and test fuels evaluated in this study are not considered to be chemically reactive with each other. Solubility in polymers is typically assessed by measuring the volume swell of the polymer exposed to the solvent of interest. Elastomers are a class of polymers that are predominantly used as seals, and most o-ring and seal manufacturers provide compatibility tables of their products with various solvents including ethanol, toluene, and isooctane, which are components of aggressive oxygenated gasoline as described by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J1681. These tables include a ranking based on the level of volume swell in the elastomer associated with exposure to a particular solvent. Swell is usually accompanied by a decrease in hardness (softening) that also affects performance. For seal applications, shrinkage of the elastomer upon drying is also a critical parameter since a contraction of volume can conceivably enable leakage to occur. Shrinkage is also indicative of the removal of one or more components of the elastomers (by the solvent). This extraction of additives can negatively change the properties of the elastomer, leading to reduced performance and durability. For a seal application, some level of volume swell is acceptable, since the expansion will serve to maintain a seal. However, the acceptable level of swell is dependent on the particular application of the elastomer product. It is known that excessive swell can lead to unacceptable extrusion of the elastomer beyond the sealed interface, where it becomes susceptible to damage. Also, since high swell is indicative of high solubility, there is a heightened potential for fluid to seep through the seal and into the environment. Plastics, on the other hand, are used primarily in structural applications, such as solid components, including piping and fluid containment. Volume change, especially in a rigid system, will create internal stresses that may negatively affect performance. In order to better understand and predict the compatibility for a given polymer type and fuel composition, an analysis based on Hansen solubility theory was performed for each plastic and elastomer material. From this study, the solubility distance was calculated for each polymer material and test fuel combination. Using the calculated solubility distance, the ethanol concentration associated with peak swell and overall extent of swell can be predicted for each polymer. The bulk of the material discussion centers on the plastic materials, and their compatibility with Fuel C, CE25a, CE50a, and CE85a. The next section of this paper focuses on the elastomer compatibility with the higher ethanol concentrations with comparison to results obtained previously for the lower ethanol levels. The elastomers were identical to those used in the earlier study. Hansen solubility theory is also applied to the elastomers to provide added interpretation of the results. The final section summarizes the performance of the metal coupons.

Kass, Michael D [ORNL; Pawel, Steven J [ORNL; Theiss, Timothy J [ORNL; Janke, Christopher James [ORNL

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Biomass Potentials from California Forest and Shrublands Including Fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass Potentials from California Forest and Shrublands Including Fuel Reduction Potentials-04-004 February 2005 Revised: October 2005 Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor, State of California #12;Biomass Tiangco, CEC Bryan M. Jenkins, University of California #12;Biomass Potentials from California Forest

210

Ethanol Steam Reforming Thermally Coupled with Fuel Combustion in a Parallel Plate Reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental Conditions for Measuring the Isothermal Kinetics of the Pd-Based Catalytic Spacers for Ethanol Steam Reforming ... (9) On the basis of previous experience,(23) a mixture of hydrogen with CO2 (about 1:2 in molar ratio) is used as fuel in order to reduce the danger of homogeneous combustion of the fuel in the mixing zones. ... 0.09 (after mixing with air) were necessary to prevent ignition of the homogeneous reaction. ...

Eduardo Lopez; Vanessa Gepert; Achim Gritsch; Ulrich Nieken; Gerhart Eigenberger

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

211

Hydrogen & Fuel Cells - Hydrogen - Distributed Ethanol Reforming  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen from Bio-Derived Liquids Hydrogen from Bio-Derived Liquids Bio-derived liquid fuels can be produced from renewable agricultural products, such as wood chips. Background Bio-derived renewable fuels are attractive for their high energy density and ease of transport. One scenario for a sustainable hydrogen economy considers that these bio-derived liquid fuels will be produced at plants close to the biomass resource, and then transported to distributed hydrogen production centers (e.g., hydrogen refueling stations), where the fuels will be reformed via the steam reforming process, similar to the current centralized production of hydrogen by the steam reforming of natural gas. Hydrogen produced by reforming these fuels must first be purified and compressed to appropriate storage and dispensing pressures. Compressing

212

Liquid fuel resources and prospects for ligno-cellulosic ethanol: An Egyptian case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Fossil fuels (oil, natural gas and coal) presently represent about 90% of the worlds total commercial primary energy demand. Yet, they are depletable sources of energy. Growth in the production of easily accessible oil, the main source of high energy liquid transportation fuels, will not match the projected rate of demand growth, especially in developing countries. In the transport sector, today, the only alternative to non-sustainable fossil fuels is biofuels that are produced from biomass, a stored environmentally neutral solar energy. These fuels are compatible with current vehicles and blendable with conventional fuels. Moreover, they share the long-established distribution infrastructure with little, if any, modification of equipment. The main biofuels presently in commercial production are bioethanol and biodiesel. Industrial countries started production of the 1st generation bioethanol and biodiesel from food products (grains and edible oil) since a few decades and these fuels are currently available at petrol stations. Second generation bioethanol from ligno-cellulosic materials is on the research, pilot and/or demonstration stage. This paper discusses the current situation regarding liquid fuels in Egypt which are experiencing imbalance between total production and demand for gasoline and diesel fuels. The quantified need for nonconventional sources is presented. Based on a thorough assessment of current and prospective generated agriculture residues as distributed over the political areas, mapping of the number and capacity of plants to be installed for production of bioethanol from available residues namely rice straw, sugar cane residues and cotton stalks has been developed. Annual capacities of 3000, 10,000 and 20,000tons ethanol/year until year 2021 have been proposed. Capital and operating requirements and economic indicators have been estimated. It has been concluded that at current price of ethanol of about $0.6/kg, the simple rate of return on investments is about 2.8%, 11% and 16% for the 3000, 10,000 and 20,000tons annual capacity ethanol respectively.

Shadia R. Tewfik; Nihal M. El Defrawy; Mohamed H. Sorour

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Geothermal Energy Market Study on the Atlantic Coastal Plain: Technical Feasibility of use of Eastern Geothermal Energy in Vacuum Distillation of Ethanol Fuel  

SciTech Connect

The DOE is studying availability, economics, and uses of geothermal energy. These studies are being conducted to assure maximum cost-effective use of geothermal resources. The DOE is also aiding development of a viable ethanol fuel industry. One important point of the ethanol program is to encourage use of non-fossil fuels, such as geothermal energy, as process heat to manufacture ethanol. Geothermal waters available in the eastern US tend to be lower in temperature (180 F or less) than those available in the western states (above 250 F). Technically feasible use of eastern geothermal energy for ethanol process heat requires use of technology that lowers ethanol process temperature requirements. Vacuum (subatmospheric) distillation is one such technology. This study, then, addresses technical feasibility of use of geothermal energy to provide process heat to ethanol distillation units operated at vacuum pressures. They conducted this study by performing energy balances on conventional and vacuum ethanol processes of ten million gallons per year size. Energy and temperature requirements for these processes were obtained from the literature or were estimated (for process units or technologies not covered in available literature). Data on available temperature and energy of eastern geothermal resources was obtained from the literature. These data were compared to ethanol process requirements, assuming a 150 F geothermal resource temperature. Conventional ethanol processes require temperatures of 221 F for mash cooking to 240 F for stripping. Fermentation, conducted at 90 F, is exothermic and requires no process heat. All temperature requirements except those for fermentation exceed assumed geothermal temperatures of 150 F. They assumed a 130 millimeter distillation pressure for the vacuum process. It requires temperatures of 221 F for mash cooking and 140 F for distillation. Data indicate lower energy requirements for the vacuum ethanol process (30 million BTUs per hour) than for the conventional process (36 million BTUs per hour). Lower energy requirements result from improved process energy recovery. Data examined in this study indicate feasible use of eastern geothermal heated waters (150 F) to provide process heat for vacuum (130 mm Hg) ethanol distillation units. Data indicate additional heat sources are needed to raise geothermal temperatures to the 200 F level required by mash cooking. Data also indicate potential savings in overall process energy use through use of vacuum distillation technology. Further study is needed to confirm conclusions reached during this study. Additional work includes obtaining energy use data from vacuum ethanol distillation units currently operating in the 130 millimeter pressure range; economic analysis of different vacuum pressures to select an optimum; and operation of a pilot geothermally heated vacuum column to produce confirmatory process data.

None

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Increasing Efficiency of Fuel Ethanol Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass by Process Integration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(8-10) To our knowledge, the thermal integration of ethanol fermentation and thermochemical conversion of its residues has only been investigated for ethanol production from sugar cane and power cogeneration from the by-produced bagasse with an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) instead of a conventional single cycle. ... Considering the energetic value of the byproducts in Table 2 and the important heat requirement for distillation and rectification of the raw product to fuel quality of Figure 2(c), this section compares different alternatives for integrating the fuel production and the energy and exergy recovery processes. ... biofuels as well as to indicate the emerging challenges and opportunities of the application of process integration on such processes towards innovative and sustainable solns. ...

Martin Gassner; Franois Marchal

2013-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

215

EERE SBIR Case Study: Improving Hybrid Poplars as a Renewable Source of Ethanol Fuel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GreenWood Resources to advance GreenWood Resources to advance scientific understanding of the ways chemical traits are inherited in hybrid poplars and the extent of variations in characteristics such as lignin content and forms of lignin-enabling the best traits to be developed and significantly advancing the potential of hybrid poplars to provide a substantial, renewable source of ethanol fuel. GreenWood Resources (Portland,

216

Environmental Assessment for the Design and Construction of a Fuel Ethanol Plant, Jasper County, Indiana DOE/EA 1517  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

517 517 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT Design and Construction of a Proposed Fuel Ethanol Plant, Jasper County, Indiana April 2005 U.S. Department of Energy Golden Field Office 1617 Cole Blvd. Golden, CO 80401 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Environmental Assessment Design and Construction of a Proposed Fuel Ethanol Plant, Jasper County, Indiana TABLE OF CONTENTS ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ...................................................................................................IV GLOSSARY ................................................................................................................................................ V UNITS OF MEASUREMENT ................................................................................................................. VII

217

Experimental and Modeling Study of the Flammability of Fuel Tank Headspace Vapors from Ethanol/Gasoline Fuels, Phase 2: Evaluations of Field Samples and Laboratory Blends  

SciTech Connect

Study to measure the flammability of gasoline/ethanol fuel vapors at low ambient temperatures and develop a mathematical model to predict temperatures at which flammable vapors were likely to form.

Gardiner, D. P.; Bardon, M. F.; LaViolette, M.

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

ethanol | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ethanol ethanol Dataset Summary Description These data files contain volume, mass, and hardness changes of elastomers and plastics representative exposed to gasoline containing various levels of ethanol. These materials are representative of those used in gasoline fuel storage and dispensing hardware. All values are compared to the original untreated condition. The data sets include results from specimens exposed directly to the fuel liquid and also a set of specimens exposed only to the fuel vapors. Source Mike Kass, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Date Released August 16th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated August 16th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords compatibility elastomers ethanol gasoline plastics polymers Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon plastics_dma_results_san.xlsx (xlsx, 4.9 MiB)

219

Experimental analysis of a diesel engine operating in DieselEthanol Dual-Fuel mode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The use of engines is necessary to keep the world moving. Such engines are fed mainly by fossil fuels, among these, the diesel. The operation and the behavior of engines in different thermodynamic cycles, with common fossil fuels, it is still challenging but, in general, it has well known and documented data. On the other hand, for alternative fuels, there is still demand of experimental data, particularly considering that it is desirable, most of the times, the use of a system with dual mode (reversible). Such systems are called Dual-Fuel, it brings a greater degree of freedom, but imply in technological challenges. In this paper we used an engine operating with single cylinder direct injection diesel and port ethanol injection system in Dual-Fuel mode with a 100% electronically controlled calibration. The methodology applied was, once the engine calibration was given toachieve the best specific fuel consumption or the MBT (Maximum Brake Torque) in each load condition, to gradually substitute the diesel oil by ethanol in compliance with the requirements established. Comparisons were made among working conditions considering the rate of diesel substitution and the energy indicated efficiency. Initially, the flow structure in the combustion chamber was tested in both quiescent and high swirl modes. Compression ratios were adjusted at 3 different levels: 14:1, 16:1 and 17:1. It was tested two injectors, the first one of 35g/s and another of 45g/s. Regarding pressure diesel injection, 4 levels were investigated namely 800, 1000, 1200 and 1400bar.

Roberto Freitas Britto Jr.; Cristiane Aparecida Martins

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Ethanol Production by Fermentation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conversion of biomass to ethanol is an attractive route for biomass utilization because ethanol can be easily assimilated by the liquid fuel and chemical markets. Ethanol is somewhat unique as a fermentation p...

D. Brandt

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax Incentive Alternative fuel production facilities, including biodiesel, biomass, biogas, and ethanol production facilities, may qualify for a reduced property tax rate of 3%...

222

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative fuels include natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), ethanol, methanol, biodiesel, electricity, and hydrogen. (Reference Oklahoma Statutes 74-130.2 and 74-78...

223

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

when feasible, use alternative fuels, including ethanol, biodiesel, natural gas, or electricity to operate the vehicles. By July 1, 2014, at least 75% of all vehicles titled under...

224

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

or conversion cost of two or more AFVs. Qualified alternative fuels include electricity, natural gas, gasoline blended with at least 85% ethanol (E85), propane, and other...

225

Federal Test Procedure Emissions Test Results from Ethanol Variable-Fuel Vehicle Chevrolet Luminas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Federal Test Procedure Emissions Test Results from Federal Test Procedure Emissions Test Results from Ethanol Variable-Fuel Vehicle Chevrolet Luminas Kenneth J. Kelly, Brent K. Bailey, and Timothy C. Coburn National Renewable Energy Laboratory Wendy Clark Automotive Testing Laboratories, Inc. Peter Lissiuk Environmental Research and Development Corp. Presented at Society for Automotive Engineers International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting Dearborn, MI May 6-8, 1996 The work described here was wholly funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, a U.S. government agency. As such, this information is in the public domain, may be copied and otherwise accessed freely, and is not subject to copyright laws. These papers were previously published in hard copy form by the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc. (Telephone: 412.776.4970; E-mail: publications@sae.org)

226

SBIR/STTR FY15 Release 1 Awards Announced-Includes Fuel Cell...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

FY15 Release 1 Awards Announced-Includes Fuel Cell Catalyst and Hydrogen Contamination Detection R&D SBIRSTTR FY15 Release 1 Awards Announced-Includes Fuel Cell Catalyst and...

227

SBIR/STTR Release 2 Topics Announced-Includes Hydrogen and Fuel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Release 2 Topics Announced-Includes Hydrogen and Fuel Cells SBIRSTTR Release 2 Topics Announced-Includes Hydrogen and Fuel Cells October 31, 2014 - 12:05pm Addthis The 2015 Small...

228

UPDATE February 2012 - The Food Crises: Predictive validation of a quantitative model of food prices including speculators and ethanol conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increases in global food prices have led to widespread hunger and social unrest---and an imperative to understand their causes. In a previous paper published in September 2011, we constructed for the first time a dynamic model that quantitatively agreed with food prices. Specifically, the model fit the FAO Food Price Index time series from January 2004 to March 2011, inclusive. The results showed that the dominant causes of price increases during this period were investor speculation and ethanol conversion. The model included investor trend following as well as shifting between commodities, equities and bonds to take advantage of increased expected returns. Here, we extend the food prices model to January 2012, without modifying the model but simply continuing its dynamics. The agreement is still precise, validating both the descriptive and predictive abilities of the analysis. Policy actions are needed to avoid a third speculative bubble that would cause prices to rise above recent peaks by the end of 2012.

Lagi, Marco; Bertrand, Karla Z; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

A non-isothermal PEM fuel cell model including two water transport mechanisms in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A non-isothermal PEM fuel cell model including two water transport mechanisms in the membrane K Freiburg Germany A dynamic two-phase flow model for proton exchange mem- brane (PEM) fuel cells and the species concentrations. In order to describe the charge transport in the fuel cell the Poisson equations

Münster, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität

230

Assessing and Managing the Risks of Fuel Compounds: Ethanol Case Study  

SciTech Connect

We have implemented a suite of chemical transport and fate models that provide diagnostic information about the behavior of ethanol (denoted EtOH) and other fuel-related chemicals released to the environment. Our principal focus is on the impacts to water resources, as this has been one of the key issues facing the introduction of new fuels and additives. We present analyses comparing the transport and fate of EtOH, methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), and 2,2,4 trimethyl pentane (TMP) for the following cases (1) discharges to stratified lakes, subsurface release in a surficial soil, (3) cross-media transfer from air to ground water, and (4) fate in a regional landscape. These compounds have significantly different properties that directly influence their behavior in the environment. EtOH, for example, has a low Henry's law constant, which means that it preferentially partitions to the water phase instead of air. An advantageous characteristic of EtOH is its rapid biodegradation rate in water; unlike MTBE or TMP, which degrade slowly. As a consequence, EtOH does not pose a significant risk to water resources. Preliminary health-protective limits for EtOH in drinking water suggest that routine releases to the environment will not result in levels that threaten human health.

Layton, D.W.; Rice, D.W.

2002-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

231

Experimental investigation on thermal barrier coated diesel engine fueled with diesel-biodiesel-ethanol-diethyl ether blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present work diesel-biodiesel-ethanol (DBE) and diesel-biodiesel-diethyl ether (DBD) fuels are tested with normal diesel engine and the diesel engine coated with the layers of aluminum oxide (Al 2O3) of 0.3?mm and yttria-stabilized zirconia of 0.2?mm. The various performance and emission parameters are analyzed and determined. The experimental work was carried out in a single cylinder water cooled engine coupled with eddy current dynamometer. The AVL make five gas analyzer and smoke meter were used to measure the different exhaust pollutants. The result shows that the brake thermal efficiency of coated engine is more than that of base diesel at high loads. The thermal barrier coated engine using fuel as diesel biodiesel and ethanol (TDBE) produces the lowest carbon monoxide (CO) emissions among all the fuels that are selected. In addition it produces the lowest carbon dioxide (CO2) at higher loads. Both the thermal barrier coated engine using fuel as diesel biodiesel and diethyl ether (TDBD) and TDBE have higher NOx emissions among almost all the fuels used. The TDBE and TDBD have higher smoke emissions at initial loads but eventually show lower smoke emissions at higher loads. The thermal barrier coated diesel engine fueled with DBE and DBD shows an increase in engine power and specific fuel consumption as well as significant improvements in exhaust gas emissions except NOx.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Price Supports for Fuel Ethanol, Sugarcane, and Freight Charges: Alterations Stemming from Deregulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrous ethanol was not competitive with gasoline on strictly economic terms, because, at the time of the creation of the Programa Nacional do lcool...(Prolcool, National Ethanol Program), in 1979, the cost of ...

Mrcia Azanha Ferraz Dias de Moraes

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Fermentation guide for common grains: a step-by-step procedure for small-scale ethanol fuel production  

SciTech Connect

This booklet covers in detail all the procedures prior to and including fermentation that are necessary to produce the highest possible yields from small-scale ethanol plants. Batch starch conversion of corn, barley, wheat, and milo using enzymes (..cap alpha..-amylase and glucoamylase) from bacteria and fungi is described. The types of yeast to use in fermenting the mash and the equipment and chemicals needed are detailed. Refinements that can help to improve ethanol production are presented. (DMC)

Not Available

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

SBIR/STTR Release 2 Topics AnnouncedIncludes Hydrogen and Fuel Cells  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The 2015 Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) Phase I Release 2 topics include fuel cell-battery electric hybrid trucks and in-line quality control devices for polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells.

235

EERE SBIR Case Study: Improving Hybrid Poplars as a Renewable Source of Ethanol Fuel  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

GreenWood Resources saw potential in growing poplar treesremarkable for their sheer biomass productivityto make ethanol.

236

AMO Issues Request for Information on Clean Energy Manufacturing Topics, Including Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The AMO seeks information on mid-Technology Readiness Level R&D needs, market challenges, supply chain challenges, and shared facility needs addressing clean energy manufacturing topics, including the fuel cell and hydrogen sectors.

237

Biofuel alternatives to ethanol: pumping the microbial well  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels. Proc. Natl.Bacteria engineered for fuel ethanol production: currentGenetic engineering of ethanol production in Escherichia

Fortman, J. L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Biofuel alternatives to ethanol: pumping the microbial well  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuel alternatives to ethanol: pumping the microbialproducts, pharmaceuticals, ethanol fuel and more. Even so,producing biofuel. Although ethanol currently dominates the

Fortman, J.L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Recent Advances in Catalytic Conversion of Ethanol to Chemicals  

SciTech Connect

With increased availability and decreased cost, ethanol is potentially a promising platform molecule for the production of a variety of value-added chemicals. In this review, we provide a detailed summary of recent advances in catalytic conversion of ethanol to a wide range of chemicals and fuels. We particularly focus on catalyst advances and fundamental understanding of reaction mechanisms involved in ethanol steam reforming (ESR) to produce hydrogen, ethanol conversion to hydrocarbons ranging from light olefins to longer chain alkenes/alkanes and aromatics, and ethanol conversion to other oxygenates including 1-butanol, acetaldehyde, acetone, diethyl ether, and ethyl acetate.

Sun, Junming; Wang, Yong

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

240

PEMFC Power System on EthanolPEMFC Power System on Ethanol Caterpillar Inc.Caterpillar Inc.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PEMFC Power System on EthanolPEMFC Power System on Ethanol Caterpillar Inc.Caterpillar Inc. Thomas J. RichardsThomas J. Richards #12;PEM ETHANOL FUEL CELL DOE Hydrogen & Fuel Cells 2003 Annual Merit Review 21 May 2003 #12;PEM ETHANOL FUEL CELL In 2003, a 10-15 kW stationary PEM fuel cell system

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Feasibility study for a 10 MM GPY fuel ethanol plant, Brady Hot Springs, Nevada. Volume II. Geothermal resource, agricultural feedstock, markets and economic viability  

SciTech Connect

The issues of the geothermal resource at Brady's Hot Springs are dealt with: the prospective supply of feedstocks to the ethanol plant, the markets for the spent grain by-products of the plant, the storage, handling and transshipment requirements for the feedstocks and by-products from a rail siding facility at Fernley, the probable market for fuel ethanol in the region, and an assessment of the economic viability of the entire undertaking.

Not Available

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Vehicle Technologies Office: Intermediate Ethanol Blends | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

fuels annually by 2022, most of which will be ethanol. However, current ethanol usage is much lower than the requirements. It would be challenging to increase this use...

243

Experimental Determination of the Efficiency and Emissions of a Residential Microcogeneration System Based on a Stirling Engine and Fueled by Diesel and Ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Some of the diesel fuel properties were obtained from fuel certification tests conducted by the Alberta Research Council and established by the American Society for Testing and Materials, and the remainder are reported general properties. ... Clucas, D. M.Development of a Stirling engine battery charger based on a low cost wobble mechanism, Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand, 1993. ... investigation is conducted to evaluate the effects of using blends of ethanol with conventional diesel fuel, with 5% and 10% (by vol.) ethanol, on the performance and exhaust emissions of a fully instrumented, six-cylinder, turbocharged and after-cooled, heavy duty, direct injection (DI), Mercedes-Benz engine, installed at the authors' lab., which is used to power the mini-bus diesel engines of the Athens Urban Transport Organization sub-fleet with a view to using bio-ethanol produced from Greek feedstock. ...

Nicolas Farra; Tommy Tzanetakis; Murray J. Thomson

2012-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

244

Definition: Ethanol | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethanol Ethanol A colorless, flammable liquid produced by fermentation of sugars. While it is also the alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, it can be denatured for fuel use. Fuel ethanol is used principally for blending in low concentrations with motor gasoline as an oxygenate or octane enhancer. In high concentrations, it is used to fuel alternative-fuel vehicles specially designed for its use.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Ethanol fuel is ethanol (ethyl alcohol), the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages. It is most often used as a motor fuel, mainly as a biofuel additive for gasoline. World ethanol production for transport fuel tripled between 2000 and 2007 from 17 billion to more than 52 billion liters. From 2007 to 2008, the share of ethanol in global gasoline type

245

Sorghum to Ethanol Research  

SciTech Connect

The development of a robust source of renewable transportation fuel will require a large amount of biomass feedstocks. It is generally accepted that in addition to agricultural and forestry residues, we will need crops grown specifically for subsequent conversion into fuels. There has been a lot of research on several of these so-called â??dedicated bioenergy cropsâ? including switchgrass, miscanthus, sugarcane, and poplar. It is likely that all of these crops will end up playing a role as feedstocks, depending on local environmental and market conditions. Many different types of sorghum have been grown to produce syrup, grain, and animal feed for many years. It has several features that may make it as compelling as other crops mentioned above as a renewable, sustainable biomass feedstock; however, very little work has been done to investigate sorghum as a dedicated bioenergy crop. The goal of this project was to investigate the feasibility of using sorghum biomass to produce ethanol. The work performed included a detailed examination of the agronomics and composition of a large number of sorghum varieties, laboratory experiments to convert sorghum to ethanol, and economic and life-cycle analyses of the sorghum-to-ethanol process. This work showed that sorghum has a very wide range of composition, which depended on the specific sorghum cultivar as well as the growing conditions. The results of laboratory- and pilot-scale experiments indicated that a typical high-biomass sorghum variety performed very similarly to corn stover during the multi-step process required to convert biomass feedstocks to ethanol; yields of ethanol for sorghum were very similar to the corn stover used as a control in these experiments. Based on multi-year agronomic data and theoretical ethanol production, sorghum can achieve more than 1,300 gallons of ethanol per acre given the correct genetics and environment. In summary, sorghum may be a compelling dedicated bioenergy crop that could help provide a major portion of the feedstocks required to produce renewable domestic transportation fuels.

Dahlberg, Jeff; Wolfrum, Ed

2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

246

Fuzzy Logic-based energy efficiency Life Cycle Assessment with a case study of corn-based fuel ethanol in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fuzzy logic based method of energy efficiency assessment of Biomass-based Fuel Ethanol (BFE) production is introduced in this paper. Energy relevant inventory variables are defined and described by fuzzy sets representing the differences in energy inventory data between the BFE system and its reference. A fuzzy reasoning process is developed to derive the energy efficiency from the fuzzificated inventory data. This method distinguishes itself by simple calculation, lower requirements of data accuracy and capability of processing subjectivity. A case study of corn-based fuel ethanol from Northeast China is conducted to demonstrate the application of the proposed method.

Suiran Yu; Jing Tao

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

E85 Definition E85 motor fuel is defined as an alternative fuel that is a blend of ethanol and hydrocarbon, of which the ethanol portion is 75-85% denatured fuel ethanol by volume...

248

Intermediate-Scale, Semicontinuous Solid-Phase Fermentation Process for Production of Fuel Ethanol from Sweet Sorghum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...0.47/liter for 95% ethanol. The calculated energy balance (energy output...0.47/liter for 95% ethanol. The calculated energy balance (energy output...denatured 95% (vol/vol) ethanol. Energy balances for pasteurized...

William R. Gibbons; Carl A. Westby; Thomas L. Dobbs

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Making Better Use of Ethanol as a Transportation Fuel With Renewable Super Premium  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Breakout Session 2: Frontiers and Horizons Session 2B: End Use and Fuel Certification Brian West, Deputy Director for the Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

250

SBIR/STTR Phase I Release 2 Technical Topics Announced for FY14 Fuel Cell Topics Included  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Phase I Release 2 technical topics include prototype fuel cell-battery electric hybrid trucks for waste transportation and novel membranes and non-platinum group metal catalysts for direct methanol as well as hydrogen fuel cells.

251

Zhai, H., H.C. Frey, N.M. Rouphail, G.A. Gonalves, and T.L. Farias, "Fuel Consumption and Emissions Comparisons between Ethanol 85 and Gasoline Fuels for Flexible Fuel Vehicles," Paper No. 2007-AWMA-444, Proceedings, 100th  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Alternative Fuel Data Center (AFDC) of the U.S. Department of Energy.4 Carbon dioxide (CO2), CO, and nitricZhai, H., H.C. Frey, N.M. Rouphail, G.A. Gonçalves, and T.L. Farias, "Fuel Consumption and Emissions Comparisons between Ethanol 85 and Gasoline Fuels for Flexible Fuel Vehicles," Paper No. 2007-AWMA

Frey, H. Christopher

252

Ethanol from Cellulosic Biomass [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

26 January 1983 research-article Ethanol from Cellulosic Biomass [and Discussion...of cellulosic biomass to liquid fuel, ethanol. Within the scope of this objective...maximize the conversion efficiency of ethanol production from biomass. This can be...

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Ethanol from Cellulosic Biomass [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Ethanol from Cellulosic Biomass [and Discussion] D. I. C. Wang G...microbiological conversion of cellulosic biomass to liquid fuel, ethanol. Within the...efficiency of ethanol production from biomass. This can be achieved through the effective...

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Vehicle Technologies Office: Intermediate Ethanol Blends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Ethanol can be combined with gasoline in blends ranging from E10 (10% or less ethanol, 90% gasoline) up to E85 (up to 85% ethanol, 15% gasoline). The Renewable Fuels Standard (under the Energy...

255

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement A retail motor fuel dispenser that dispenses fuel containing more than 10% ethanol by volume must be labeled with the capital letter "E"...

256

Hydraulically actuated fuel injector including a pilot operated spool valve assembly and hydraulic system using same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to hydraulic systems including hydraulically actuated fuel injectors that have a pilot operated spool valve assembly. One class of hydraulically actuated fuel injectors includes a solenoid driven pilot valve that controls the initiation of the injection event. However, during cold start conditions, hydraulic fluid, typically engine lubricating oil, is particularly viscous and is often difficult to displace through the relatively small drain path that is defined past the pilot valve member. Because the spool valve typically responds slower than expected during cold start due to the difficulty in displacing the relatively viscous oil, accurate start of injection timing can be difficult to achieve. There also exists a greater difficulty in reaching the higher end of the cold operating speed range. Therefore, the present invention utilizes a fluid evacuation valve to aid in displacement of the relatively viscous oil during cold start conditions.

Shafer, Scott F. (Morton, IL)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Ethanol Production, Distribution, and Use: Discussions on Key Issues (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

From production to the environment, presentation discusses issues surrounding ethanol as a transportation fuel.

Harrow, G.

2008-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

258

Ethanol production for automotive fuel usage. Final technical report, July 1979-August 1980  

SciTech Connect

Production of ethanol from potatoes, sugar beets, and wheat using geothermal resources in the Raft River area of Idaho was evaluated. The south-central region of Idaho produces approximately 18 million bushels of wheat, 1.3 million tons of sugar beets, and 27 million cwt potatoes annually. A 20-million-gallon-per-year ethanol facility has been selected as the largest scale plant that can be supported with the current agricultural resources. The conceptual plant was designed to operate on each of these three feedstocks for a portion of the year, but could operate year-round on any of them. The processing facility uses conventional alcohol technology and uses geothermal energy for all process heating. There are three feedstock preparation sections, although the liquefaction and saccharification steps for potatoes and wheat involve common equipment. The fermentation, distillation, and by-product handling sections are common to all three feedstocks. Maximum geothermal fluid requirements are approximately 6000 gpm. It is anticipated that this flow will be supplied by nine production wells located on private and BLM lands in the Raft River KGRA. The geothermal fluid will be flashed from 280/sup 0/F in three stages to supply process steam at 250/sup 0/F, 225/sup 0/F, and 205/sup 0/F for various process needs. Steam condensate plus liquid remaining after the third flash will be returned to receiving strata through six injection wells.

Stenzel, R.A.; Yu, J.; Lindemuth, T.E.; Soo-Hoo, R.; May, S.C.; Yim, Y.J.; Houle, E.H.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Iridium?Ruthenium Alloyed Nanoparticles for the Ethanol Oxidation Fuel Cell Reactions  

SciTech Connect

In this study, carbon supported Ir-Ru nanoparticles with average sizes ranging from 2.9 to 3.7 nm were prepared using a polyol method. The combined characterization techniques, that is, scanning transmission electron microscopy equipped with electron energy loss spectroscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction, were used to determine an Ir-Ru alloy nanostructure. Both cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry (CA) results demonstrate that Ir{sub 77}Ru{sub 23}/C bears superior catalytic activities for the ethanol oxidation reaction compared to Ir/C and commercial Pt/C catalysts. In particular, the Ir{sub 77}Ru{sub 23}/C catalyst shows more than 21 times higher mass current density than that of Pt/C after 2 h reaction at a potential of 0.2 V vs Ag/AgCl in CA measurement. Density functional theory simulations also demonstrate the superiority of Ir-Ru alloys compared to Ir for the ethanol oxidation reaction.

Su D.; Du, W.; Deskins, N.A.; Teng, X.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Verifying the Benefits and Resolving the Issues in the Commercialization of Ethanol Containing Diesel Fuels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. DOE's EERE FreedomCar and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Programs.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A comparative assessment of the economics of plutonium disposition including comparison with other nuclear fuel cycles  

SciTech Connect

DOE has been evaluating three technologies for the disposition of approximately 50 metric tons of surplus plutonium from defense-related programs: reactors, immobilization, and deep boreholes. As part of the process supporting an early CY 1997 Record of Decision (ROD), a comprehensive assessment of technical viability, cost, and schedule has been conducted. Oak Ridge National Laboratory has managed and coordinated the life-cycle cost (LCC) assessment effort for this program. This paper discusses the economic analysis methodology and the results prior to ROD. Other objectives of the paper are to discuss major technical and economic issues that impact plutonium disposition cost and schedule. Also to compare the economics of a once-through weapons-derived MOX nuclear fuel cycle to other fuel cycles, such as those utilizing spent fuel reprocessing. To evaluate the economics of these technologies on an equitable basis, a set of cost estimating guidelines and a common cost-estimating format were utilized by all three technology teams. This paper also includes the major economic analysis assumptions and the comparative constant-dollar and discounted-dollar LCCs.

Williams, K.A.; Miller, J.W.; Reid, R.L.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Vehicle Technologies Office: Intermediate Ethanol Blends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intermediate Ethanol Intermediate Ethanol Blends to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Intermediate Ethanol Blends on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Intermediate Ethanol Blends on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Intermediate Ethanol Blends on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Intermediate Ethanol Blends on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Intermediate Ethanol Blends on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Intermediate Ethanol Blends on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines Advanced Combustion Engines Fuels & Lubricants Fuel Effects on Combustion Lubricants Natural Gas Research Biofuels End-Use Research

263

Growing Americas fuel: an analysis of corn and cellulosic ethanol feasibility in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent excitement over ethanol in the United States has been unmatched by other alternative energy sources. To a certain extent, the mention of ethanol by President Bush in the past four ... generated a high leve...

Dan Somma; Hope Lobkowicz

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption The biodiesel or ethanol portion of blended fuel containing taxable diesel is exempt from the diesel fuel tax. The biodiesel or ethanol fuel blend...

265

Three essays on biofuel's and fossil fuel's stochastic prices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The dissertation consists of three essays on biofuel's and fossil fuel's stochastic prices focusing on the U.S. corn-based fuel-ethanol market. The research objectives include investigating (more)

Zhang, Zibin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Zirconium-based alloys, nuclear fuel rods and nuclear reactors including such alloys, and related methods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Zirconium-based metal alloy compositions comprise zirconium, a first additive in which the permeability of hydrogen decreases with increasing temperatures at least over a temperature range extending from 350.degree. C. to 750.degree. C., and a second additive having a solubility in zirconium over the temperature range extending from 350.degree. C. to 750.degree. C. At least one of a solubility of the first additive in the second additive over the temperature range extending from 350.degree. C. to 750.degree. C. and a solubility of the second additive in the first additive over the temperature range extending from 350.degree. C. to 750.degree. C. is higher than the solubility of the second additive in zirconium over the temperature range extending from 350.degree. C. to 750.degree. C. Nuclear fuel rods include a cladding material comprising such metal alloy compositions, and nuclear reactors include such fuel rods. Methods are used to fabricate such zirconium-based metal alloy compositions.

Mariani, Robert Dominick

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

267

Thermodynamic and optical characterizations of a high performance GDI engine operating in homogeneous and stratified charge mixture conditions fueled with gasoline and bio-ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

UltraVioletvisible imaging measurements were carried out in a gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine in order to investigate the spray and combustion evolution of gasoline and pure bio-ethanol fuel. Two different starts of injection, early injection (homogeneous charge) and late injection (stratified charge), were tested in two different engine conditions, 1000rpm idle and 1500rpm medium load as representative point of urban new European driving cycle (NEDC). Measurements were performed in the optically accessible combustion chamber made by modifying a real 4-stroke, 4-cylinder, high performance GDI engine. The cylinder head was instrumented by using an endoscopic system coupled to high spatial and temporal resolution cameras in order to allow the visualization of the fuel injection and the combustion process. All the optical data were correlated to the in-cylinder pressure-based indicated analysis and to the gaseous and solid emissions. Wide statistics were performed for all measurements in order to take into account the cycle-to-cycle variability that characterized, in particular, the idle engine condition. Optical imaging showed that gasoline spray was more sensible to air motion and in-cylinder pressure than ethanols, for all the investigated conditions. The stratified flame front for both fuels was about 40% faster compared to homogeneous in the first phase, due to the A/F ratio local distribution. It leads to better performance in terms of stability and maximum pressure, even if the late injections produce more soot and UHC emissions due to fuel impingement. Ethanol combustion shows less diffusive flames than gasoline. A lower amount of soot was evaluated by two color pyrometry method in the combustion chamber and measured at the exhaust.

Paolo Sementa; Bianca Maria Vaglieco; Francesco Catapano

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Preliminary Compatibility Assessment of Metallic Dispenser Materials for Service in Ethanol Fuel Blends  

SciTech Connect

The compatibility of selected metals representative of those commonly used in dispensing systems was evaluated in an aggressive E20 formulation (CE20a) and in synthetic gasoline (Reference Fuel C) in identical testing to facilitate comparison of results. The testing was performed at modestly elevated temperature (nominally 60 C) and with constant fluid flow in an effort to accelerate potential interactions in the screening test. Based on weight change, the general corrosion of all individual coupons exposed in the vapor phase above Reference Fuel C and CE20a as well as all coupons immersed in Reference Fuel C was essentially nil (<0.3 {micro}m/y), with no evidence of localized corrosion such as pitting/crevice corrosion or selective leaching at any location. Modest discoloration was observed on the copper-based alloys (cartridge brass and phosphor bronze), but the associated corrosion films were quite thin and apparently protective. For coupons immersed in CE20a, four different materials exhibited net weight loss over the entire course of the experiment: cartridge brass, phosphor bronze, galvanized steel, and terne-plated steel. None of these exhibited substantial incompatibility with the test fluid, with the largest general corrosion rate calculated from coupon weight loss to be approximately 4 {micro}m/y for the cartridge brass specimens. Selective leaching of zinc (from brass) and tin (from bronze) was observed, as well as the presence of sulfide surface films rich in these elements, suggesting the importance of the role of sulfuric acid in the CE20a formulation. Analysis of weight loss data for the slightly corroded metals indicated that the corrosivity of the test environment decreased with exposure time for brass and bronze and increased for galvanized and terne-plated steel. Other materials immersed in CE20a - type 1020 mild steel, type 1100 aluminum, type 201 nickel, and type 304 stainless steel - each appeared essentially immune to corrosion at the test conditions.

Pawel, Steven J [ORNL; Kass, Michael D [ORNL; Janke, Christopher James [ORNL

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

The Potential of Cellulosic Ethanol Production from Municipal Solid Waste: A Technical and Economic Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to fuel ethanol because it not only contains cellulose andCellulose conversion, % Co-Fermentation Glucose-ethanolamount of cellulose, can be used as fuel ethanol feedstocks

Shi, Jian; Ebrik, Mirvat; Yang, Bin; Wyman, Charles E.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Corn Ethanol -April 2006 11 Cover Story  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Corn Ethanol - April 2006 11 Cover Story orn ethanol is the fuel du jour. It's domestic. It's not oil. Ethanol's going to help promote "energy independence." Magazines trumpet it as the motor vehicle Midwest fields, waiting to rot or be processed into ethanol. Interestingly, the National Corn Growers

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

271

The Effect of the Di-Tertiary Butyl Peroxide (DTBP) additive on HCCI Combustion of Fuel Blends of Ethanol and Diethyl Ether  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ignition Using Isooctane, Ethanol and Natural Gas - AModel for High Temperature Ethanol Oxidation," Internationalof Bio-Derived Carbon from Ethanol-in-Diesel Blends in the

Mack, John Hunter; Buchholz, Bruce A; Flowers, Daniel L; Dibble, Robert W

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Direct Use of Wet Ethanol in a Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engine: Experimental and Numerical Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy balance of corn ethanol revisited, Transaction offor autoignition. The wet ethanol modeling study [REF] usedengine running on wet ethanol. Fuel mixtures studied range

Mack, John Hunter; Flowers, Daniel L; Aceves, Salvador M; Dibble, Robert W

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Analysis of Metabolic Pathways and Fluxes in a Newly Discovered Thermophilic and Ethanol-Tolerant Geobacillus Strain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bacteria engineered for fuel ethanol production: currentcharacterization of two novel ethanol-tolerant facultative-Lin Y, Tanaka S. 2006. Ethanol fermentation from biomass

Tang, Yinjie J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

The Future of Corn-Ethanol in Fuel Sector of United States from Environmental and Economic Standpoint  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

........................................................................................................... 4 LITERATURE REVIEW ................................................................................................ 7 PROCEDURE AND METHODOLOGY ....................................................................... 13 LCA OF CORN... cane, and other starchy agricultural products. In United States, most ethanol is made from corn, although because of the rapidly developing research, cellulosic ethanol may soon become a larger part of the market if proven effective. Most corn...

Tulva, Arya Nath

2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

275

Biofuel contribution to mitigate fossil fuel CO 2 emissions: Comparing sugar cane ethanol in Brazil with corn ethanol and discussing land use for food production and deforestation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper compares the use of sugar cane and corn for the production of ethanol with a focus on global warming and the current international debate about land use competition for food and biofuel production. The indicators used to compare the products are CO 2 emissions energy consumption sugar cane coproducts and deforestation. The life cycle emission inventory as a methodological tool is taken into account. The sustainability of socioeconomic development and the developing countries need to overcome barriers form the background against which the Brazilian government energy plans are analyzed.

Luiz Pinguelli Rosa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

List of Ethanol Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethanol Incentives Ethanol Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 67 Ethanol Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 67) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AlabamaSAVES Revolving Loan Program (Alabama) State Loan Program Alabama Commercial Industrial Institutional Building Insulation Doors Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Steam-system upgrades Water Heaters Windows Biodiesel Biomass CHP/Cogeneration Ethanol Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Geothermal Electric Hydroelectric energy Landfill Gas Photovoltaics Renewable Fuels Solar Water Heat Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Natural Gas Yes Alcohol Fuel Credit (Federal) Corporate Tax Credit United States Commercial Industrial Ethanol

277

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Fuel Blend Tax Rate The tax rate on fuel containing ethanol is 0.06 per gallon less than the tax rate on other motor fuels in certain geographic areas. This reduced rate...

278

Cellulase, Clostridia, and Ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...formation of six hydrogen bonds, four intramolecular...conversion of cellulose to fuels is its hydrolysis...acid, lactic acid, hydrogen, and carbon dioxide...be taken into the cell, broken down further...fermentation and fuel use of ethanol is...1990, 90% of new cars in Brazil used neat...

Arnold L. Demain; Michael Newcomb; J. H. David Wu

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Funding The Ethanol Infrastructure Incentive Program provides funding to offset the cost of installing ethanol blender pumps at retail fueling stations throughout the state....

280

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Labeling Requirement Any motor vehicle fuel sold at retail containing more than 1% ethanol or methanol must be labeled according to Connecticut Department of Consumer...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

MN Center for Renewable Energy: Cellulosic Ethanol, Optimization of Bio-fuels in Internal Combustion Engines, & Course Development for Technicians in These Areas  

SciTech Connect

This final report for Grant #DE-FG02-06ER64241, MN Center for Renewable Energy, will address the shared institutional work done by Minnesota State University, Mankato and Minnesota West Community and Technical College during the time period of July 1, 2006 to December 30, 2008. There was a no-cost extension request approved for the purpose of finalizing some of the work. The grant objectives broadly stated were to 1) develop educational curriculum to train technicians in wind and ethanol renewable energy, 2) determine the value of cattails as a biomass crop for production of cellulosic ethanol, and 3) research in Optimization of Bio-Fuels in Internal Combustion Engines. The funding for the MN Center for Renewable Energy was spent on specific projects related to the work of the Center.

John Frey

2009-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

282

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuel Labeling Requirement Biodiesel, biobutanol, and ethanol blend dispensers must be affixed with decals identifying the type of fuel blend. If fuel blends containing...

283

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Definition The following fuels are defined as alternative fuels by the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992: pure methanol, ethanol, and other alcohols; blends of 85%...

284

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fuel energy exceeds ethanol fuel energy on a GGE basis.2006. Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmental2006. Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmental

Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fuel energy exceeds ethanol fuel energy on a GGE basis.2006. Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmental2006. Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmental

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Ethanol Synthesis by Genetic Engineering in Cyanobacteria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...known fossil fuel reserves...of renewable energy sources. Production of fuel ethanol through...for fossil fuels. Traditionally...rapid growth rates, and capacity...University of Florida, Gainesville...from Enol Energy Inc. and the...

Ming-De Deng; John R. Coleman

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Identification of bimetallic electrocatalysts for ethanol and acetaldehyde oxidation: Probing C2-pathway and activity for hydrogen oxidation for indirect hydrogen fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Hydrogen, in the ethanol molecule, can be utilized in indirect hydrogen fuel cells. In this device, ethanol can be dehydrogenated producing H2 and acetaldehyde in an external fuel processor, and the H2 molecules are electro-oxidized in the anode. The anode electrocatalyst can, additionally, be active for the electro-oxidation of residual ethanol or acetaldehyde, but must catalyze the reaction via the C2-pathway (intact CC bond), in order to avoid the formation poisoning species. This work investigated potential materials that are active for H2 and catalyze the selective electro-oxidation of ethanol and acetaldehyde via the C2-pathway. The bimetallic electrocatalysts were formed by W, Ru and Sn-modified Pt nanoparticles. The reaction products were followed by on-line differential electrochemical mass spectrometry (DEMS) experiments. The results showed that Ru/Pt/C and Sn/Pt/C presented higher overall reaction rate when compared to the other studied materials. However, they were non-selective, even at different atomic proportions, and catalyzed the reaction in parallel pathways producing CO2 and acetaldehyde, with Ru/Pt/C presenting the highest average current efficiency for CO2 formation (16.6%). On the other hand, W/Pt/C with high W content was more selective to the C2 route, evidenced by the absence of the DEMS signals for molecules with one carbon atom such as CH4 and CO2. Additionally, this material was active and stable for H2 electro-oxidation, even in the presence of acetaldehyde in solution, contrarily to what was observed for Pt/C, and this was associated to its activity for H2 oxidation and its inability for the CC dissociation, as evidenced by the DEMS measurements. The high selectivity obtained for the W/Pt/C material to the C2-pathway, and its capability for hydrogen electro-oxidation, is an important novelty in this work, as it turns into a potential electrocatalyst for application in the anode of indirect hydrogen fuel cells powered by ethanol, mainly for those that operates as auxiliary power units of internal combustion engine cars.

A.C. Queiroz; W.O. Silva; I.A. Rodrigues; F.H.B. Lima

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Stocks of Fuel Ethanol  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weekly Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 090514 091214 091914 092614...

289

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Development at Topsoe Fuel Cell A/S and Ris National Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

catalyst. The range of fuels has further been extended to include ethanol and coal syn-gas by development of a new coke resistant catalyst suitable for future SOFC technology. CELL DEVELOPMENT AND PRODUCTION

290

DOE/EA-1647: Supplemental Environmental Assessment for the Construction and Operation of a Proposed Cellulosic Ethanol Plant, Range Fuels Soperton Plant, LLC (January 2009)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

S S u p p l e m e n t a l E n v i r o n m e n t a l A s s e s s m e n t a n d N o t i c e o f W e t l a n d s I n v o l v e m e n t Construction and Operation of a Proposed Cellulosic Ethanol Plant, Range Fuels Soperton Plant, LLC (formerly Range Fuels Inc.) Treutlen County, Georgia DOE/EA 1647 Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy January 2009 Contents Section Page Acronyms and Abbreviations ................................................................................................... v 1.0 Introduction......................................................................................................................1 1.1 Background ..........................................................................................................1 1.2 Purpose and Need for Proposed Action ..........................................................2

291

SBIR/STTR Phase I Release 1 Award Winners Announced, Includes Four Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Projects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The US Department of Energy (DOE) recently announced the FY 2014 Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) Phase I Release 1 award winners, including four hydrogen and fuel cell projects in Arizona, Massachusetts, and South Carolina.

292

SBIR/STTR Phase II Release 1 Award Winners Announced, Includes Two Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Projects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The US Department of Energy (DOE) recently announced the FY 2014 Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) Phase II Release 1 award winners, including two hydrogen and fuel cell projects in Colorado and New Jersey.

293

High Speed/ Low Effluent Process for Ethanol  

SciTech Connect

n this project, BPI demonstrated a new ethanol fermentation technology, termed the High Speed/ Low Effluent (HS/LE) process on both lab and large pilot scale as it would apply to wet mill and/or dry mill corn ethanol production. The HS/LE process allows very rapid fermentations, with 18 to 22% sugar syrups converted to 9 to 11% ethanol beers in 6 to 12 hours using either a consecutive batch or continuous cascade implementation. This represents a 5 to 8X increase in fermentation speeds over conventional 72 hour batch fermentations which are the norm in the fuel ethanol industry today. The consecutive batch technology was demonstrated on a large pilot scale (4,800 L) in a dry mill corn ethanol plant near Cedar Rapids, IA (Xethanol Biofuels). The pilot demonstrated that 12 hour fermentations can be accomplished on an industrial scale in a non-sterile industrial environment. Other objectives met in this project included development of a Low Energy (LE) Distillation process which reduces the energy requirements for distillation from about 14,000 BTU/gal steam ($0.126/gal with natural gas @ $9.00 MCF) to as low as 0.40 KW/gal electrical requirements ($0.022/gal with electricity @ $0.055/KWH). BPI also worked on the development of processes that would allow application of the HS/LE fermentation process to dry mill ethanol plants. A High-Value Corn ethanol plant concept was developed to produce 1) corn germ/oil, 2) corn bran, 3) ethanol, 4) zein protein, and 5) nutritional protein, giving multiple higher value products from the incoming corn stream.

M. Clark Dale

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

294

Blender Pump Fuel Survey: CRC Project E-95  

SciTech Connect

To increase the number of ethanol blends available in the United States, several states have 'blender pumps' that blend gasoline with flex-fuel vehicle (FFV) fuel. No specification governs the properties of these blended fuels, and little information is available about the fuels sold at blender pumps. No labeling conventions exist, and labeling on the blender pumps surveyed was inconsistent.; The survey samples, collected across the Midwestern United States, included the base gasoline and FFV fuel used in the blends as well as the two lowest blends offered at each station. The samples were tested against the applicable ASTM specifications and for critical operability parameters. Conventional gasoline fuels are limited to 10 vol% ethanol by the U.S. EPA. The ethanol content varied greatly in the samples. Half the gasoline samples contained some ethanol, while the other half contained none. The FFV fuel samples were all within the specification limits. No pattern was observed for the blend content of the higher ethanol content samples at the same station. Other properties tested were specific to higher-ethanol blends. This survey also tested the properties of fuels containing ethanol levels above conventional gasoline but below FFV fuels.

Alleman, T. L.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Integrated capture of fossil fuel gas pollutants including CO.sub.2 with energy recovery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of reducing pollutants exhausted into the atmosphere from the combustion of fossil fuels. The disclosed process removes nitrogen from air for combustion, separates the solid combustion products from the gases and vapors and can capture the entire vapor/gas stream for sequestration leaving near-zero emissions. The invention produces up to three captured material streams. The first stream is contaminant-laden water containing SO.sub.x, residual NO.sub.x particulates and particulate-bound Hg and other trace contaminants. The second stream can be a low-volume flue gas stream containing N.sub.2 and O.sub.2 if CO2 purification is needed. The final product stream is a mixture comprising predominantly CO.sub.2 with smaller amounts of H.sub.2O, Ar, N.sub.2, O.sub.2, SO.sub.X, NO.sub.X, Hg, and other trace gases.

Ochs, Thomas L. (Albany, OR); Summers, Cathy A. (Albany, OR); Gerdemann, Steve (Albany, OR); Oryshchyn, Danylo B. (Philomath, OR); Turner, Paul (Independence, OR); Patrick, Brian R. (Chicago, IL)

2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

296

Development of a dedicated ethanol ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) -- Phase 2 report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this 3.5-year project is to develop a commercially competitive vehicle powered by ethanol (or an ethanol blend) that can meet California`s ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) standards and equivalent corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) energy efficiency for a light-duty passenger car application. The definition of commercially competitive is independent of fuel cost, but does include technical requirements for competitive power, performance, refueling times, vehicle range, driveability, fuel handling safety, and overall emissions performance. This report summarizes the second phase of this project, which lasted 12 months. This report documents two baseline vehicles, the engine modifications made to the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) engines, advanced aftertreatment testing, and various fuel tests to evaluate the flammability, lubricity, and material compatibility of the ethanol fuel blends.

Dodge, L.G.; Bourn, G.; Callahan, T.J.; Naegeli, D.W.; Shouse, K.R.; Smith, L.R.; Whitney, K.A. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Technoeconomic Comparison of Biofuels: Ethanol, Methanol, and Gasoline from Gasification of Woody Residues (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation provides a technoeconomic comparison of three biofuels - ethanol, methanol, and gasoline - produced by gasification of woody biomass residues. The presentation includes a brief discussion of the three fuels evaluated; discussion of equivalent feedstock and front end processes; discussion of back end processes for each fuel; process comparisons of efficiencies, yields, and water usage; and economic assumptions and results, including a plant gate price (PGP) for each fuel.

Tarud, J.; Phillips, S.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Ethanol Synthesis by Genetic Engineering in Cyanobacteria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...production of ethanol by cyanobacteria...bioconversion of solar energy and CO2 into a...utilization of renewable energy sources. Production of fuel ethanol through bioconversion...production of ethanol by cyanobacteria...bioconversion of solar energy and CO2 into a...

Ming-De Deng; John R. Coleman

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Ethanol Facts : BioEnergy Science Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ethanol Facts Ethanol Facts In 2005, the U.S. produced about 4 billion gallons of ethanol from corn grain, equaling approximately 2% of the 140 billion gallons of gasoline consumed. Ethanol is widely used as a fuel additive. The oxygen contained in ethanol improves gasoline combustibility. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has established a renewable fuels standard which requires using 7.5 billion gallons of ethanol by 2012. E85 (85% ethanol and 15% gasoline blend) can be used as a substitute for gasoline in vehicles that have been modified to use E85. Energy content of E85 is 70% that of gasoline, so about 1.4 gallons of E85 are needed to displace one gallon of gasoline. Starch in corn grain is readily degraded into glucose sugar molecules that are fermented to ethanol. The complex structural

300

Chapter 3 - Fuels for Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter deals with various types of liquid fuels and the relevant chemical and physical properties of these fuels as a means of comparison to the fuels of the future. It gives an overview of the manufacture and properties of the common fuels as well as a description of various biofuels. A fuel mixture usually contains a wide range of organic compounds (usually hydrocarbons). The specific mixture of hydrocarbons gives a fuel its characteristic properties, such as boiling point, melting point, density, viscosity, and a host of other properties. Depending on the application (stationary, central power, remote, auxiliary, transportation, military, etc.), there are a wide range of conventional fuels, such as natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, light distillates, methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether, naphtha, gasoline, kerosene, jet fuels, diesel, and biodiesel, that could be used in reforming processes to produce hydrogen (or hydrogen-rich synthesis gas) to power fuel cells. Fossils fuels include gaseous fuels, gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, and jet fuels. Gaseous fuels include natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas. Types of gasoline include automotive gasoline, aviation gasoline, and gasohol. Some additives added into gasoline are antioxidants, corrosion inhibitors, demulsifiers, anti-icing, dyes and markers, drag reducers, and oxygenates.

James G. Speight

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Electrolytic/fuel cell bundles and systems including a current collector in communication with an electrode thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electrolytic/fuel cell bundles and systems including such bundles include an electrically conductive current collector in communication with an anode or a cathode of each of a plurality of cells. A cross-sectional area of the current collector may vary in a direction generally parallel to a general direction of current flow through the current collector. The current collector may include a porous monolithic structure. At least one cell of the plurality of cells may include a current collector that surrounds an outer electrode of the cell and has at least six substantially planar exterior surfaces. The planar surfaces may extend along a length of the cell, and may abut against a substantially planar surface of a current collector of an adjacent cell. Methods for generating electricity and for performing electrolysis include flowing current through a conductive current collector having a varying cross-sectional area.

Hawkes, Grant L.; Herring, James S.; Stoots, Carl M.; O'Brien, James E.

2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

302

Remaining useful life estimates of a PEM fuel cell stack by including characterization-induced disturbances in a particle filter model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remaining useful life estimates of a PEM fuel cell stack by including characterization- induced Besançon, France rgourive@ens2m.fr ABSTRACT: Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC) are available, Prognostics, Remaining Useful life, Particle filter 1. Introduction Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

303

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Labeling Requirement All equipment used to dispense motor fuel containing at least 1% ethanol or methanol must be clearly labeled to inform customers that the fuel contains...

304

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Regulations User Type Jurisdiction Biodiesel Ethanol Natural Gas Propane (LPG) Hydrogen Fuel Cells EVs HEVs or PHEVs NEVs Aftermarket Conversions Fuel Economy or Efficiency Idle...

305

Effects of Ethanol and Volatility Parameters on Exhaust Emissions of Light-Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

26-28, 2005 THE EFFECTS OF ETHANOL AND VOLATILITY PARAMETERSare changed to include ethanol. While past studies of theincluding many with ethanol, there are some contradictory

Durbin, T; Miller, J W; Huai, T; Cocker III, D R; Younglove, Y

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Natural and Anthropogenic Ethanol Sources in North America and Potential Atmospheric Impacts of Ethanol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S1 Natural and Anthropogenic Ethanol Sources in North America and Potential Atmospheric Impacts of Ethanol Fuel Use Dylan B. Millet*,1 , Eric Apel2 , Daven K. Henze3 , Jason Hill1 , Julian D. Marshall1 INFORMATION Supporting Information contains a total of 12 pages, 1 table, and 7 figures. 1. AIRBORNE ETHANOL

Mlllet, Dylan B.

307

Proton NMR characterization of gasolineethanol blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) can be conveniently used for accurate measurement of water and ethanol concentrations in gasolineethanol fuel blends. The spectra also contain information on proton exchange rates. In addition, NMR pulsed-field-gradient diffusion measurement allows estimation of ethanolwater clusters and viscosity of the fuel blends.

A. Turanov; A.K. Khitrin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Thermodynamics of the Corn-Ethanol Biofuel Cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamics of the Corn-Ethanol Biofuel Cycle Tad W. Patzek Department of Civil: Appendix D on fuel cells, consistent use of fuel HHVs, corrected theoretical yield of ethanol from starch oxidation Increased ethanol yield to 2.5 gal/wet bushel, 91.5% of theoretical yield Appendix E on free

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

309

Hydrogen assisted combustion of ethanol in Diesel enginesHydrogen assisted combustion of ethanol in Diesel engines Anil Singh Bika, Luke Franklin, Prof. David B. Kittelson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen assisted combustion of ethanol in Diesel enginesHydrogen assisted combustion of ethanol a means of using nearly pure ethanol as a diesel engine fuel by using hydrogen rich gases to facilitate of combustion (SOC) · A good diesel fuel has a low ignition delay period and hence a high CN · Ethanol has

Minnesota, University of

310

Preparation of hydrogen for feeding fuel cells by low-temperature conversion of ethanol on Ni/ZnO and Ni-Cu/ZnO catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Preparation of hydrogen by low-temperature steam conversion of ethanol on nickel and binary nickel-copper catalysts ... efficiency of hydrogen evolution in the course of ethanol conversion on these catalysts was ...

N. V. Lapin; V. S. Bezhok; A. F. Vyatkin

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Ethanol Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives Flexible Fuel Vehicles Photo of a flexible fuel vehicle.

312

Microaerobic Conversion of Glycerol to Ethanol in Escherichia coli  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...production of fuels and chemicals...glycerol-to-ethanol process. INTRODUCTION Concerns about...sources of fuel. Biodiesel is one of the...every 10 kg of biodiesel produced...metabolic-engineering strategies...glycerol into fuels and chemicals...

Matthew S. Wong; Mai Li; Ryan W. Black; Thao Q. Le; Sharon Puthli; Paul Campbell; Daniel J. Monticello

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

313

Ethanol Promotes Intestinal Tumorigenesis in the MIN Mouse  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Washington, DC Abstract 2872: Effects of ethanol and folate on peripubertal mouse mammary...consumption. The proposed mechanisms whereby ethanol exerts its effects include decreased folate...proposed mechanisms, we hypothesized that ethanol would have increased deleterious effects...

Hemant K. Roy; James M. Gulizia; William J. Karolski; Anne Ratashak; Michael F. Sorrell; Dean Tuma

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Direct Use of Wet Ethanol in a Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engine: Experimental and Numerical Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the VW TDi running on a mixture of 60% ethanol-in-water.the VW TDi running on different fuel blends of wet ethanol

Mack, John Hunter; Flowers, Daniel L; Aceves, Salvador M; Dibble, Robert W

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Proceedings of the 1995 SAE alternative fuels conference. P-294  

SciTech Connect

This volume contains 32 papers and five panel discussions related to the fuel substitution of trucks, automobiles, buses, cargo handling equipment, diesel passenger cars, and pickup trucks. Fuels discussed include liquefied natural gas, natural gas, ethanol fuels, methanol fuels, dimethyl ether, methyl esters from various sources (rape oil, used cooking oils, soya, and canola oils), hydrogen fuels, and biodiesel. Other topics include fuel cell powered vehicles, infrastructure requirements for fuel substitution, and economics. Papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

NONE

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

316

2008 National dry mill corn ethanol survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emerging regulations require an examination of corn ethanols greenhouse gas emissions on a life cycle basis, including emissions from energy consumed at the plant level. However, ... data, we conducted a survey ...

Steffen Mueller

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

DOE/EA-1517: Environmental Assessment for the Design and Construction of a Fuel Ethanol Plant, Jasper County, Indiana (April 2005)  

SciTech Connect

Based on action by the U.S. Congress, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has funding available to support a proposal by the Iroquois Bio-energy Company (IBEC), an Indiana limited liability company, to construct a fuel ethanol plant in Jasper County, Indiana (the proposed plant). Congress has acknowledged the merit of this project by providing specific funding through DOE. Consequently, DOE proposes to provide partial funding to IBEC to subsidize the design and construction of the proposed plant (the Proposed Action). In accordance with DOE and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) implementing regulations, DOE is required to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of DOE facilities, operations, and related funding decisions. The proposal to use Federal funds to support the project requires DOE to address NEPA requirements and related environmental documentation and permitting requirements. In compliance with NEPA (42 U.S.C. {section} 4321 et seq.) and DOE's NEPA implementing regulations (10 CFR section 1021.330) and procedures, this environmental assessment (EA) examines the potential environmental impacts of DOE's Proposed Action and a No Action Alternative.

N /A

2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

318

Separation of toxic metal ions, hydrophilic hydrocarbons, hydrophobic fuel and halogenated hydrocarbons and recovery of ethanol from a process stream  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides a process to tremendously reduce the bulk volume of contaminants obtained from an effluent stream produced subsurface remediation. The chemicals used for the subsurface remediation are reclaimed for recycling to the remediation process. Additional reductions in contaminant bulk volume are achieved by the ultra-violet light destruction of halogenated hydrocarbons, and the complete oxidation of hydrophobic fuel hydrocarbons and hydrophilic hydrocarbons. The contaminated bulk volume will arise primarily from the disposal of the toxic metal ions. The entire process is modular, so if there are any technological breakthroughs in one or more of the component process modules, such modules can be readily replaced.

Kansa, Edward J. (Livermore, CA); Anderson, Brian L. (Lodi, CA); Wijesinghe, Ananda M. (Tracy, CA); Viani, Brian E. (Oakland, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Evaluation of pretreatment methods for lignocellulosic ethanol production from energy cane variety L 79-1002  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Approximately half of the 80 billion tons of crop produced annually around the world remains as residue that could serve as a renewable resource to produce valuable products such as ethanol and butanol. Ethanol produced from lignocellulosic biomass is a promising renewable alternative to diminishing oil and gas liquid fuels. Sugarcane is an important industry in Louisiana. The recently released variety of energy cane has great potential to sustain a competitive sugarcane industry. It has been demonstrated that fuel-grade ethanol can be produced from post harvest sugarcane residue in the past, but optimized ethanol production was not achieved. Optimization of the fermentation process requires efficient pretreatment to release cellulose and hemicellulose from lignocellulosic complex of plant fiber. Determining optimal pretreatment techniques for fermentation is essential for the success of lignocellulosic ethanol production process. The purpose of this study was to evaluate three pretreatment methods for the energy cane variety L 79-1002 for maximum lignocellulosic ethanol production. The pretreatments include alkaline pretreatment, dilute acid hydrolysis, and solid-state fungal pretreatment process using brown rot and white rot fungi. Pretreated biomass was enzymatically saccharified and subjected to fermentation using a recombinant Escherichia coli FBR5. The results revealed that all pretreatment processes produced ethanol. However, the best result was observed in dilute acid hydrolysis followed by alkaline pretreatment and solid-state fungal pretreatment.

V. Sri Harjati Suhardi; Bijeta Prasai; David Samaha; Raj Boopathy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

0.24 per gallon. E85 is defined as an alternative fuel that is a blend of denatured ethanol and hydrocarbon and typically contains 85% ethanol by volume, but must contain at...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Sales Tax Exemption The portion of ethanol (ethyl alcohol) sold and blended with motor fuel is exempt from sales tax. (Reference Oklahoma Statutes 68-500.10-1 and 68-1359...

322

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Tax Exemption Sales and use taxes apply to 80% of the proceeds from the sale of fuels containing 10% ethanol (E10) made between July 1, 2003, and December 31, 2018. If at...

323

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol » Laws & Incentives Ethanol » Laws & Incentives Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Federal Laws and Incentives for Ethanol The list below contains summaries of all Federal laws and incentives related to Ethanol. Incentives Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Tax Credit Fueling equipment for natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (propane),

324

Ethanol Effects on Lean-Burn and Stoichiometric GDI Emissions...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and US06, transient accelerations plus steady state * Fuels: Gasoline and intermediate ethanol blends (E0, E10, E20) * Measurements: - Particle mass: collection on Teflon-coated...

325

Ethanol from Sugarcane Lignocellulosic Residues - Opportunities for Process Improvement and Production Cost Reduction.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Bioethanol from sugarcane is a sustainable alternative to fossil fuels, and the increasing demand for fuel ethanol has prompted studies on the use of the (more)

Macrelli, Stefano

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Diesel-engine fumigation with aqueous ethanol  

SciTech Connect

A three cylinder, two cycle diesel engine, rated at 22KW at 2300 rpm, was fumigated with ethanol of 140-to-200 proofs. P-T diagrams and engine performance were analyzed with particular emphasis on the detection and evaluation of the knock phenomenon. Satisfactory full load operation was obtained with thirty percent of the fuel energy supplied as aqueous ethanol.

McLaughlin, S.L.; Stephenson, K.Q.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Direct Synthesis of 1-Butanol from Ethanol in a Plug Flow Reactor: Reactor and Reaction Kinetics Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bio-ethanol is well known for its use as ... continuous reactor technology and heterogeneous alumina catalysts, ethanol can be upgraded to 1-butanol in ... feasible properties as fuel component in comparison to ethanol

T. Riittonen; T. Salmi; J.-P. Mikkola; J. Wrn

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biobutanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biobutanol to someone Biobutanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biobutanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biobutanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biobutanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biobutanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biobutanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biobutanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biobutanol Drop-In Biofuels Methanol P-Series Renewable Natural Gas xTL Fuels Biobutanol Biobutanol is a 4-carbon alcohol (butyl alcohol) produced from the same feedstocks as ethanol including corn, sugar beets, and other biomass feedstocks. Butanol is generally used as an industrial solvent in products such as lacquers and enamels, but it also can be blended with other fuels

329

Alternative Fueling Station Locator | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternative Fueling Station Locator Alternative Fueling Station Locator Alternative Fueling Station Locator Find Stations Plan a Route Location: Go Start: End: Go Fuel: All Fuels Biodiesel (B20 and above) Compressed Natural Gas Electric Ethanol (E85) Hydrogen Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) more search options close × More Search Options Include private stations Include planned stations Owner All Private Federal State Local Utility Payment All American Express Discover MasterCard VISA Cash Checks CFN Clean Energy Fuel Man Gas Card PHH Services Voyager WEX Electric charger types Include level 1 Include level 2 Include DC fast Include legacy chargers Limit results to within 5 miles Limit results to within 5 miles 12,782 alternative fuel stations in the United States Excluding private stations

330

Power plant including an exhaust gas recirculation system for injecting recirculated exhaust gases in the fuel and compressed air of a gas turbine engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A power plant is provided and includes a gas turbine engine having a combustor in which compressed gas and fuel are mixed and combusted, first and second supply lines respectively coupled to the combustor and respectively configured to supply the compressed gas and the fuel to the combustor and an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system to re-circulate exhaust gas produced by the gas turbine engine toward the combustor. The EGR system is coupled to the first and second supply lines and configured to combine first and second portions of the re-circulated exhaust gas with the compressed gas and the fuel at the first and second supply lines, respectively.

Anand, Ashok Kumar; Nagarjuna Reddy, Thirumala Reddy; Shaffer, Jason Brian; York, William David

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

331

Ethanol Can Contribute to Energy and Environmental Goals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ethanol Can Contribute to Energy and Environmental Goals Alexander E. Farrell,1 * Richard J. Plevin the potential effects of increased biofuel use, we evaluated six representative analyses of fuel ethanol studies indicated that current corn ethanol technologies are much less petroleum-intensive than gasoline

Kammen, Daniel M.

332

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Utilization of diets containing graded levels of ethanol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Utilization of diets containing graded levels of ethanol production co in aquaculture diets, containing well-balanced profiles of amino acids, fatty acids, digestible energy, vitamins to manufacture fuel ethanol (Rosentrater and Muthukumarappan, 2006). In 2008, 174 operating ethanol plants

333

NREL Proves Cellulosic Ethanol Can Be Cost Competitive (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Ethanol from non-food sources - known as "cellulosic ethanol" - is a near-perfect transportation fuel: it is clean, domestic, abundant, and renewable, and it can potentially replace 30% of the petroleum consumed in the United States, but its relatively high cost has limited its market. That changed in 2012, when the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) demonstrated the technical advances needed to produce cellulosic ethanol at a minimum ethanol selling price of $2.15/gallon (in 2007 dollars). Through a multi-year research project involving private industry, NREL has proven that cellulosic ethanol can be cost competitive with other transportation fuels.

Not Available

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Fueling America Through Renewable Resources Purdue extension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fueling America Through Renewable Resources BioEnergy Purdue extension u.s. ethanol Policy of U.S. ethanol policy, explains the economics of ethanol production in today's market environment. Table 1. History of Ethanol Subsidy Legislation #12; Fueling America Through Renewable Crops BioEnergy U

335

Exhaust particle characterization for lean and stoichiometric DI vehicles operating on ethanol-gasoline blends  

SciTech Connect

Gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines can offer better fuel economy and higher performance over their port fuel-injected (PFI) counterparts, and are now appearing in increasingly more U.S. and European vehicles. Small displacement, turbocharged GDI engines are replacing large displacement engines, particularly in light-duty trucks and sport utility vehicles, in order for manufacturers to meet the U.S. fuel economy standards for 2016. Furthermore, lean-burn GDI engines can offer even higher fuel economy than stoichiometric GDI engines and have overcome challenges associated with cost-effective aftertreatment for NOx control. Along with changes in gasoline engine technology, fuel composition may increase in ethanol content beyond the current 10% due to the recent EPA waiver allowing 15% ethanol. In addition, the Renewable Fuels Standard passed as part of the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) mandates the use of biofuels in upcoming years. GDI engines are of environmental concern due to their high particulate matter (PM) emissions relative to port-fuel injected (PFI) gasoline vehicles; widespread market penetration of GDI vehicles may result in additional PM from mobile sources at a time when the diesel contribution is declining. In this study, we characterized particulate emissions from a European certified lean-burn GDI vehicle operating on ethanol-gasoline blends. Particle mass and particle number concentration emissions were measured for the Federal Test Procedure urban driving cycle (FTP 75) and the more aggressive US06 driving cycle. Particle number-size distributions and organic to elemental carbon ratios (OC/EC) were measured for 30 MPH and 80 MPH steady-state operation. In addition, particle number concentration was measured during wide open throttle accelerations (WOTs) and gradual accelerations representative of the FTP 75. Fuels included certification gasoline and 10% (E10) and 20% (E20) ethanol blends from the same supplier. The particle mass emissions were approximately 3 and 7 mg/mile for the FTP75 and US06, respectively, with lower emissions for the ethanol blends. The data are compared to a previous study on a U.S.-legal stoichiometric GDI vehicle operating on the same ethanol blends. The lean-burn GDI vehicle emitted a higher number of particles, but had an overall smaller average size. Particle number per mile decreased with increasing ethanol content for the transient tests. For the 30 and 80 mph tests, particle number concentration decreased with increasing ethanol content, although the shape of the particle size distribution remained the same. Engine-out OC/EC ratios were highest for the stoichiometric GDI vehicle with E20, but tailpipe OC/EC ratios were similar for all vehicles.

Storey, John Morse [ORNL] [ORNL; Barone, Teresa L [ORNL] [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL] [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Life Cycle Regulation of Transportation Fuels: Uncertainty and its Policy Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in several earlier corn ethanol energy analysis is thatR. (2006). Ethanols energy return on investment: A surveyD. (1991). Ethanol fuels - energy security, economics, and

Plevin, Richard Jay

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

The analysis of an ammonia/water hybrid heat pump in the ethanol production process / by Pieter J.J. Visagie.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ethanol is a renewable energy source that could decrease society's dependence on fossil fuels, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Producing ethanol on a small scale (more)

Visagie, Pieter Johannes Jacobus

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blending Equipment Tax Exemption Qualified equipment used for storing and blending petroleum-based fuel with biodiesel, ethanol, or other biofuel is exempt from state property...

339

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blend Definition An ethanol blend is defined as a blended motor fuel containing ethyl alcohol that is at least 99% pure, derived from agricultural products, and blended exclusively...

340

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements Biodiesel blend stock must be at least 99% biodiesel (no more than 1% diesel fuel) and meet ASTM specification D6751....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

liquefied natural gas, ethanol blends of 70% (E70) or greater, hydrogen, propane, or electricity, or (with the exception of buses, snowplows, and construction vehicles) have a fuel...

342

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

compressed and liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), hydrogen, electricity, and fuels containing at least 85% ethanol, methanol, ether, or another alcohol....

343

Development of a dedicated ethanol ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) system design  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this 3.5 year project is to develop a commercially competitive vehicle powered by ethanol (or ethanol blend) that can meet California`s ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) standards and equivalent corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) energy efficiency for a light-duty passenger car application. The definition of commercially competitive is independent of fuel cost, but does include technical requirements for competitive power, performance, refueling times, vehicle range, driveability, fuel handling safety, and overall emissions performance. This report summarizes a system design study completed after six months of effort on this project. The design study resulted in recommendations for ethanol-fuel blends that shall be tested for engine low-temperature cold-start performance and other criteria. The study also describes three changes to the engine, and two other changes to the vehicle to improve low-temperature starting, efficiency, and emissions. The three engine changes are to increase the compression ratio, to replace the standard fuel injectors with fine spray injectors, and to replace the powertrain controller. The two other vehicle changes involve the fuel tank and the aftertreatment system. The fuel tank will likely need to be replaced to reduce evaporative emissions. In addition to changes in the main catalyst, supplemental aftertreatment systems will be analyzed to reduce emissions before the main catalyst reaches operating temperature.

Bourn, G.; Callahan, T.; Dodge, L.; Mulik, J.; Naegeli, D.; Shouse, K.; Smith, L.; Whitney, K. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Ethanol Production Tax Credit (Kentucky) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ethanol Production Tax Credit (Kentucky) Ethanol Production Tax Credit (Kentucky) Ethanol Production Tax Credit (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Qualified ethanol producers are eligible for an income tax credit of $1 per gallon of corn- or cellulosic-based ethanol that meets ASTM standard D4806. The total credit amount available for all corn and cellulosic ethanol producers is $5 million for each taxable year. Unused ethanol credits from one ethanol-based cap, such as corn, may be applied to another ethanol-based cap, such as cellulosic, in the same taxable year. Unused credits may not be carried forward. Kentucky statute information regarding alternative fuel producer tax credits can be found within KRS Chapters 141.422-141.430

345

National Ethanol Vehicle Coalition NEVC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethanol Vehicle Coalition NEVC Ethanol Vehicle Coalition NEVC Jump to: navigation, search Name National Ethanol Vehicle Coalition (NEVC) Place Jefferson City, Missouri Zip 65109 Product The National Ethanol Vehicle Coalition is a non-profit membership organisation serving as a primary advocacy group promoting the use of 85% ethanol in the US as a form of alternative transportation fuel. References National Ethanol Vehicle Coalition (NEVC)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. National Ethanol Vehicle Coalition (NEVC) is a company located in Jefferson City, Missouri . References ↑ "National Ethanol Vehicle Coalition (NEVC)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=National_Ethanol_Vehicle_Coalition_NEVC&oldid=349065

346

Characterization of Dual-Fuel Reactivity Controlled Compression...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Dual-Fuel Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) Using Hydrated Ethanol and Diesel Fuel Characterization of Dual-Fuel Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI)...

347

Alternative Liquid Fuels Simulation Model (AltSim).  

SciTech Connect

The Alternative Liquid Fuels Simulation Model (AltSim) is a high-level dynamic simulation model which calculates and compares the production costs, carbon dioxide emissions, and energy balances of several alternative liquid transportation fuels. These fuels include: corn ethanol, cellulosic ethanol, biodiesel, and diesels derived from natural gas (gas to liquid, or GTL) and coal (coal to liquid, or CTL). AltSim allows for comprehensive sensitivity analyses on capital costs, operation and maintenance costs, renewable and fossil fuel feedstock costs, feedstock conversion efficiency, financial assumptions, tax credits, CO{sub 2} taxes, and plant capacity factor. This paper summarizes the preliminary results from the model. For the base cases, CTL and cellulosic ethanol are the least cost fuel options, at $1.60 and $1.71 per gallon, respectively. Base case assumptions do not include tax or other credits. This compares to a $2.35/gallon production cost of gasoline at September, 2007 crude oil prices ($80.57/barrel). On an energy content basis, the CTL is the low cost alternative, at $12.90/MMBtu, compared to $22.47/MMBtu for cellulosic ethanol. In terms of carbon dioxide emissions, a typical vehicle fueled with cellulosic ethanol will release 0.48 tons CO{sub 2} per year, compared to 13.23 tons per year for coal to liquid.

Baker, Arnold Barry; Williams, Ryan (Hobart and William Smith Colleges, Geneva, NY); Drennen, Thomas E.; Klotz, Richard (Hobart and William Smith Colleges, Geneva, NY)

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Elastomer Compatibility Testing of Renewable Diesel Fuels  

SciTech Connect

In this study, the integrity and performance of six elastomers were tested with ethanol-diesel and biodiesel fuel blends.

Frame, E.; McCormick, R. L.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

SBIR/STTR FY15 Release 1 Awards AnnouncedIncludes Fuel Cell Catalyst and Hydrogen Contamination Detection R&D  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy has announced the 2015 Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) Phase I Release 1 Awards, including projects focusing on non-platinum catalysts for fuel cells and detection of contaminants in hydrogen.

350

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Definition to someone by E-mail Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Definition Alternative fuel is defined as compressed natural gas, propane, ethanol, or any mixture containing 85% or more ethanol (E85) with gasoline or other

351

Pacific Ethanol, Inc | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Pacific Ethanol, Inc Pacific Ethanol, Inc Pacific Ethanol, Inc More Documents & Publications Pacific Ethanol, Inc Pacific Ethanol, Inc Pacific Ethanol, Inc...

352

Alternative Fuel Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ethanol Hydrogen Natural Gas Propane Addthis Related Articles Advanced Technology and Alternative Fuel Vehicle Basics Glossary of Energy-Related Terms Natural Gas Fuel Basics...

353

Lousiana Green Fuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lousiana Green Fuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Lousiana Green Fuels LLC Place: Louisiana Sector: Biomass Product: Developing a cellulosic biomass-to-ethanol plant in...

354

Underground Storage Tanks: New Fuels and Compatibility  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

high octane fuels being considered as possible path forward Storing high octane ethanol blended fuels will require careful consideration of material compatibility issues...

355

Cellulase, Clostridia, and Ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...engineering for maximizing ethanol yield. INTRODUCTION...for Alternative Energy Source Of the total...Furthermore, ethanol by fermentation...balance, enhanced energy security, and a...Coculture Techniques Energy Metabolism Ethanol pharmacology

Arnold L. Demain; Michael Newcomb; J. H. David Wu

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Cellulosic ethanol at last?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cellulosic ethanol at last? 10.1126/science.345...The spigots are open at a new cellulosic ethanol plant in Emmetsburg, Iowa. PHOTO...northwest corner of Iowa? Cellulosic ethanol, in quantities that have never flowed...

Robert F. Service

2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

357

Multi-fuel reformers for fuel cells used in transportation. Multi-fuel reformers: Phase 1 -- Final report  

SciTech Connect

DOE has established the goal, through the Fuel Cells in Transportation Program, of fostering the rapid development and commercialization of fuel cells as economic competitors for the internal combustion engine. Central to this goal is a safe feasible means of supplying hydrogen of the required purity to the vehicular fuel cell system. Two basic strategies are being considered: (1) on-board fuel processing whereby alternative fuels such as methanol, ethanol or natural gas stored on the vehicle undergo reformation and subsequent processing to produce hydrogen, and (2) on-board storage of pure hydrogen provided by stationary fuel processing plants. This report analyzes fuel processor technologies, types of fuel and fuel cell options for on-board reformation. As the Phase 1 of a multi-phased program to develop a prototype multi-fuel reformer system for a fuel cell powered vehicle, the objective of this program was to evaluate the feasibility of a multi-fuel reformer concept and to select a reforming technology for further development in the Phase 2 program, with the ultimate goal of integration with a DOE-designated fuel cell and vehicle configuration. The basic reformer processes examined in this study included catalytic steam reforming (SR), non-catalytic partial oxidation (POX) and catalytic partial oxidation (also known as Autothermal Reforming, or ATR). Fuels under consideration in this study included methanol, ethanol, and natural gas. A systematic evaluation of reforming technologies, fuels, and transportation fuel cell applications was conducted for the purpose of selecting a suitable multi-fuel processor for further development and demonstration in a transportation application.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Modeling, control, and power management of a power electrical system including two distributed generators based on fuel cell and supercapacitor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper focuses on Distributed Generator (DG) integration in Power Electrical System (PES) for dispersed nodes. The main objective of the DG use can be classified into two aspects: a load following service and ancillary service systems. In this study the DG system contains a Fuel cell and a Supercapacitor storage device. A gas turbine system is modeled in order to estimate the PES frequency behavior under a variable power demand. The main goal of this work is to develop a DG control strategy with the aim to smooth the frequency and the voltage peak variations. To assess the different management stages the power flow exchanged between DGs and PES is depicted and discussed for different power demand variations. The results found with the DGs integration strategy confirm the frequency and voltage regulations and also prove the well power flow management.

L. Krichen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Alternative transport fuels for the future  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Petroleum fuels, which are not sustainable and which contribute substantially to greenhouse gas emissions, power nearly all light-duty vehicles. We review the North American literature on alternative fuels such as natural gas, ethanol from corn and biomass, and hydrogen and electricity from renewable resources, as well as propulsion systems including internal combustion engines, electric motors, and fuel cells. Vehicle characteristics including emissions, safety and consumer attributes such as range and power are examined. Results for greenhouse gas emissions and energy use for the well-to-wheel (fuel production and vehicle operation) aspects of the life cycles of the fuel/vehicle combinations are evaluated. While fuel cells and batteries might some day be attractive, in the near term they cannot replace the internal combustion engine. We focus on ethanol and explore its potential to replace nearly all gasoline used in the United States and Canada. We conclude that ethanol produced from biomass is an attractive near/midterm fuel among those that are sustainable.

Heather L. MacLean; Lester B. Lave; W. Michael Griffin

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fuels and Lubricants Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fuels and Lubricants Research Fuels and Lubricants Research As transportation accounts for two-thirds of the nearly $1 billion the U.S. spends daily on foreign oil, it is vital to increase our use of alternative fuels. Increasing the fuels available to drivers reduces price volatility, supports domestic industries, and increases environmental sustainability. The DOE's Alternative Fuels Data Center provides basic information on alternative fuels, including Biodiesel, Ethanol, Natural Gas, Propane, and Hydrogen. The Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) supports research to improve how vehicles use these many of these fuels in the future, as well as activities to increase their availability today. It also researches how new petroleum-based fuels affect advanced combustion systems and how lubricants can improve the efficiency of vehicles currently on the road.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Genetic improvement of native xylose-fermenting yeasts for ethanol production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lignocellulosic substrates are the largest source of fermentable sugars for bioconversion to fuel ethanol and other valuable compounds. To improve the ... product(s). While hexoses are fermented into ethanol and ...

Nicole K. Harner; Xin Wen; Paramjit K. Bajwa

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Breakthrough in Bioenergy: American Process Sells First RIN-qualified Cellulosic Ethanol Shipment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

?Imagine powering a plane or car with fuels made from grasses, wood, or other plant residues. This type of fuel, called cellulosic ethanol, has the potential to be a major source of renewable fuel...

363

Running Line-Haul Trucks on Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

I I magine driving a 55,000-pound tractor- trailer that runs on corn! If you find it difficult to imagine, you can ask the truck drivers for Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) what it's like. For the past 4 years, they have been piloting four trucks powered by ethyl alcohol, or "ethanol," derived from corn. Several advantages to operating trucks on ethanol rather than on conventional petro- leum diesel fuel present themselves. Because ethanol can be produced domestically, unlike most of our petroleum supply, the price and supply of ethanol is not subject to the whims of potentially unstable foreign governments. And domestic production translates into domestic jobs. In addition, ethanol has the potential to reduce harmful emissions, such as particulate matter and oxides of nitrogen

364

Whats the Issue? Changing Frames of Ethanol Policy in Congress and the Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the sentence Ethanol helps meet energy policy goals byEvaluations of ethanol in the energy prices frame wereethanol frames, including the environment, agriculture, and energy

Weiner, Sarah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

The ethanol heavy-duty truck fleet demonstration project  

SciTech Connect

This project was designed to test and demonstrate the use of a high- percentage ethanol-blended fuel in a fleet of heavy-duty, over-the- road trucks, paying particular attention to emissions, performance, and repair and maintenance costs. This project also represents the first public demonstration of the use of ethanol fuels as a viable alternative to conventional diesel fuel in heavy-duty engines.

NONE

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Definition The following fuels are defined as alternative fuels by the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992: pure methanol, ethanol, and other alcohols; blends of

367

Clostridium thermocellum ATCC27405 transcriptomic, metabolomic and proteomic profiles after ethanol stress  

SciTech Connect

Clostridium thermocellum is a candidate consolidated bioprocessing biocatalyst, which is a microorganism that expresses enzymes for both cellulose hydrolysis and its fermentation to produce fuels such as lignocellulosic ethanol. However, C. thermocellum is relatively sensitive to ethanol compared to ethanologenic microorganisms such as yeast and Zymomonas mobilis that are used in industrial fermentations but do not possess native enzymes for industrial cellulose hydrolysis. In this study, C. thermocellum was grown to mid-exponential phase and then treated with ethanol to a final concentration of 3.9 g/L to investigate its physiological and regulatory responses to ethanol stress. Samples were taken pre-shock and 2, 12, 30, 60, 120, and 240 min post-shock, and from untreated control fermentations for systems biology analyses. Cell growth was arrested by ethanol supplementation with intracellular accumulation of carbon sources such as cellobiose, and sugar phosphates, including fructose-6-phosphate and glucose-6-phosphate. The largest response of C. thermocellum to ethanol shock treatment was in genes and proteins related to nitrogen uptake and metabolism, which is likely important for redirecting the cells physiology to overcome inhibition and allow growth to resume. This study suggests possible avenues for metabolic engineering and provides comprehensive, integrated systems biology datasets that will be useful for future metabolic modeling and strain development endeavors.

Yang, Shihui [ORNL; Giannone, Richard J [ORNL; Dice, Lezlee T [ORNL; Yang, Zamin Koo [ORNL; Engle, Nancy L [ORNL; Tschaplinski, Timothy J [ORNL; Hettich, Robert {Bob} L [ORNL; Brown, Steven D [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alabama City Leads Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on AddThis.com... July 21, 2012 Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol L earn how the City of Hoover uses biodiesel and ethanol to fuel municipal

369

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85: An Alternative Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

E85: An Alternative E85: An Alternative Fuel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85: An Alternative Fuel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85: An Alternative Fuel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85: An Alternative Fuel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85: An Alternative Fuel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85: An Alternative Fuel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85: An Alternative Fuel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Blends E15 E85 Specifications Production & Distribution Feedstocks Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives E85 Photo of an E85 pump. E85 is a high-level gasoline-ethanol blend containing 51% to 83% ethanol,

370

Blender Pump Fuel Survey: CRC Project E-95-2  

SciTech Connect

With the increasing fuel diversity in the marketplace, the Coordinating Research Council and the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory conducted a survey of mid-level ethanol blends (MLEBs) in the market. A total of 73 fuel samples were collected from 20 retail stations. To target Class 4 volatility, the fuel samples were collected primarily in the midwestern United States in the month of February. Samples included the gasoline (E0), Flex Fuel, and every MLEB that was offered from each of the 20 stations. Photographs of each station were taken at the time of sample collection, detailing the pump labeling and configuration. The style and labeling of the pump, hose, and dispenser nozzle are all important features to prevent misfueling events. The physical location of the MLEB product relative to the gasoline product can also be important to prevent misfueling. In general, there were many differences in the style and labeling of the blender pumps surveyed in this study. All samples were analyzed for volatility and ethanol content. For the MLEB samples collected, the fuels tended to be lower in ethanol content than their indicated amount; however, the samples were all within 10 vol% of their indicated blend level. One of the 20 Flex Fuel samples was outside of the allowable limits for ethanol content. Four of the 20 Flex Fuel samples had volatility below the minimum requirement for Class 4.

Williams, A.; Alleman, T. L.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Alternative Fuels Data Center: No E85-Compatible, External Fuel...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

related to ethanol fuel dispensers. During the Webcast, Clean Cities Director Dennis Smith described the various parts that make up a typical dispenser system and reported that...

372

MotorWeek Video Transcript: Ethanol Preferred by Indy Racing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ethanol Preferred by Indy Racing Ethanol Preferred by Indy Racing John Davis: In an age where drivers switch sponsor allegiances as quickly as they change hats, Team Ethanol Indy Car driver Paul Dana was a rarity: A driver who not only believed in his sponsor's product, he took a personal interest in promoting it. Tragically, a collision during practice killed Paul just hours before the season's first green flag. Although his life was cut short before he ever won a race in the IRL, he leaves behind a champion's legacy no less powerful. We know ethanol is a clean-burning, renewable and American-made alternative to imported petroleum as a fuel for our street cars, but ethanol is also well-suited as a performance fuel. Tim Tom Slunecka: "The ethanol industry has been trying to communicate

373

High ethanol producing derivatives of Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Derivatives of the newly discovered microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus which under anaerobic and thermophilic conditions continuously ferment substrates such as starch, cellobiose, glucose, xylose and other sugars to produce recoverable amounts of ethanol solving the problem of fermentations yielding low concentrations of ethanol using the parent strain of the microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus are disclosed. These new derivatives are ethanol tolerant up to 10% (v/v) ethanol during fermentation. The process includes the use of an aqueous fermentation medium, containing the substrate at a substrate concentration greater than 1% (w/v).

Ljungdahl, Lars G. (Athens, GA); Carriera, Laura H. (Athens, GA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

High ethanol producing derivatives of Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Derivatives of the newly discovered microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus which under anaerobic and thermophilic conditions continuously ferment substrates such as starch, cellobiose, glucose, xylose and other sugars to produce recoverable amounts of ethanol solving the problem of fermentations yielding low concentrations of ethanol using the parent strain of the microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus are disclosed. These new derivatives are ethanol tolerant up to 10% (v/v) ethanol during fermentation. The process includes the use of an aqueous fermentation medium, containing the substrate at a substrate concentration greater than 1% (w/v).

Ljungdahl, L.G.; Carriera, L.H.

1983-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

375

Cellulosic biomass could help meet Californias transportation fuel needs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

al. 2006. Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmentalan unfavorable energy balance preclude biomass ethanol fromethanol and other organic liquid fuels can improve energy

Wyman, Charles E.; Yang, Bin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Dakota Ethanol | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dakota Ethanol Jump to: navigation, search Name: Dakota Ethanol Place: Wentworth, South Dakota Zip: 57075 Product: Farmer Coop owner of a 189m litres per year ethanol plant...

377

Mobile Alternative Fueling Station Locator  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fueling Station Locator Alternative Fueling Station Locator Fuel Type Biodiesel (B20 and above) Compressed Natural Gas Electric Ethanol (E85) Hydrogen Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) Location Enter a city, postal code, or address Include private stations Not all stations are open to the public. Choose this option to also search private fueling stations. Search Caution: The AFDC recommends that users verify that stations are open, available to the public, and have the fuel prior to making a trip to that location. Some stations in our database have addresses that could not be located by the Station Locator application. This may result in the station appearing in the center of the zip code area instead of the actual location. If you're having difficulty, please contact the technical response team at

378

Hydrogen as a fuel for fuel cell vehicles: A technical and economic comparison  

SciTech Connect

All fuel cells currently being developed for near term use in vehicles require hydrogen as a fuel. Hydrogen can be stored directly or produced onboard the vehicle by reforming methanol, ethanol or hydrocarbon fuels derived from crude oil (e.g., Diesel, gasoline or middle distillates). The vehicle design is simpler with direct hydrogen storage, but requires developing a more complex refueling infrastructure. In this paper, the authors compare three leading options for fuel storage onboard fuel cell vehicles: compressed gas hydrogen storage; onboard steam reforming of methanol; onboard partial oxidation (POX) of hydrocarbon fuels derived from crude oil. Equilibrium, kinetic and heat integrated system (ASPEN) models have been developed to estimate the performance of onboard steam reforming and POX fuel processors. These results have been incorporated into a fuel cell vehicle model, allowing us to compare the vehicle performance, fuel economy, weight, and cost for various fuel storage choices and driving cycles. A range of technical and economic parameters were considered. The infrastructure requirements are also compared for gaseous hydrogen, methanol and hydrocarbon fuels from crude oil, including the added costs of fuel production, storage, distribution and refueling stations. Considering both vehicle and infrastructure issues, the authors compare hydrogen to other fuel cell vehicle fuels. Technical and economic goals for fuel cell vehicle and hydrogen technologies are discussed. Potential roles for hydrogen in the commercialization of fuel cell vehicles are sketched.

Ogden, J.; Steinbugler, M.; Kreutz, T. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Center for Energy and Environmental Studies

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

379

Fuels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Goals > Fuels Goals > Fuels XMAT for nuclear fuels XMAT is ideally suited to explore all of the radiation processes experienced by nuclear fuels.The high energy, heavy ion accleration capability (e.g., 250 MeV U) can produce bulk damage deep in the sample, achieving neutron type depths (~10 microns), beyond the range of surface sputtering effects. The APS X-rays are well matched to the ion beams, and are able to probe individual grains at similar penetrations depths. Damage rates to 25 displacements per atom per hour (DPA/hr), and doses >2500 DPA can be achieved. MORE» Fuels in LWRs are subjected to ~1 DPA per day High burn-up fuel can experience >2000 DPA. Traditional reactor tests by neutron irradiation require 3 years in a reactor and 1 year cool down. Conventional accelerators (>1 MeV/ion) are limited to <200-400 DPAs, and

380

Certification of the Cessna 152 on 100% ethanol  

SciTech Connect

In June 1996, the Renewable Aviation Fuels Development Center (RAFDC) at Baylor University in Waco, Texas, received a Supplemental Type Certificate (STC) for the use of 100% ethanol as a fuel for the Cessna 152, the most popular training aircraft in the world. This is the first certification granted by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for a non-petroleum fuel. Certification of an aircraft on a new fuel requires a certification of the engine followed by a certification of the airframe/engine combination. This paper will describe the FAA airframe certification procedure, the tests required and their outcome using ethanol as an aviation fuel in a Cessna 152.

Shauck, M.E.; Zanin, M.G.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Molasses for ethanol: the economic and environmental impacts of a new pathway for the  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many biofuel standards, including California's recently adopted low carbon fuel standard, consider just one feedstock from one supplying country for the production of sugarcane ethanol: fresh mill-pressed cane juice from a Brazilian factory. While cane juice is the dominant feedstock for ethanol in most Brazilian factories, a large number of producers in Indonesia, India, and the Caribbean, and a significant number in Brazil, manufacture most of their ethanol from molasses, a low value co-product of raw sugar. Several producers in these countries have the capacity to export ethanol to California, but the GREET (from: greenhouse gas, regulated emissions and energy use in transportation) model, which is the LCA (lifecycle assessment) model of choice for most biofuel regulators including California, does not currently include this production pathway. We develop a modification to GREET to account for this pathway. We use the upstream and process lifecycle results from the existing GREET model for Brazilian ethanol to derive lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions for ethanol manufactured from any combination of molasses and fresh cane juice. We find that ethanol manufactured with only molasses as a feedstock with all other processes and inputs identical to those of the average Brazilian mill has a lifecycle GHG (greenhouse gas) rating of 15.1 gCO2- eqMJ?1, which is significantly lower than the current California-GREET assigned rating of 26.6 gCO2- eqMJ?1. Our model can be applied at any level of granulation from the individual factory to an industry-wide average. We examine some ways in which current sugarcane producers could inaccurately claim this molasses credit. We discuss methods for addressing this in regulation.

Anand R Gopal; Daniel M Kammen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Ethanol

383

Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Ethanol

384

Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol

385

Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Ethanol

386

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Ethanol

387

Numerical Model Investigation for Potential Methane Explosion and Benzene Vapor Intrusion Associated with High-Ethanol Blend  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Associated with High-Ethanol Blend Releases Jie Ma, Hong Luo, George E. DeVaull,§ William G. Rixey, and Pedro ABSTRACT: Ethanol-blended fuel releases usually stimulate methanogenesis in the subsurface, which could conditions exist. Ethanol- derived methane may also increase the vapor intrusion potential of toxic fuel

Alvarez, Pedro J.

388

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Flexible Fuel Vehicle Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives Flexible Fuel Vehicle Availability Flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs)-which can run on E85 (a gasoline-ethanol

389

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuels Renewable Fuels Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuels Mandate All gasoline sold in the state must be blended with 10% ethanol (E10). Gasoline with an octane rating of 91 or above is exempt from this mandate,

390

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuels Renewable Fuels Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuels Promotion Recognizing that biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel will be an important part of the state's energy economy and advanced research in

391

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Quality Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Quality Standards Fuel Quality Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Quality Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Quality Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Quality Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Quality Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Quality Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Quality Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Fuel Quality Standards The South Dakota Department of Public Safety may promulgate rules establishing: Standards for the maximum volume percentages of ethanol and methanol

392

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuels Renewable Fuels Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuels Mandate One year after in-state production has reached 350 million gallons of cellulosic ethanol and sustained this volume for three months, all gasoline

393

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuel Renewable Fuel Standard to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuel Standard Within six months following the point at which monthly production of denatured ethanol produced in Louisiana equals or exceeds a minimum annualized production volume of 50 million gallons, at least 2% of the

394

Experimental Investigation of the Effects of Fuel Aging on Combustion Performance and Emissions of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Liquid-Ethanol Blends in a Swirl Burner.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biomass fast pyrolysis liquid is a renewable fuel for stationary heat and power generation; however degradation of bio-oil by time, a.k.a. aging, has an impact (more)

Zarghami-Tehran, Milad

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Experimental Investigation of the Effects of Fuel Properties on Combustion Performance and Emissions of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Liquid-ethanol Blends in a Swirl Burner.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biomass fast pyrolysis liquid, also known as bio-oil, is a promising renewable fuel for heat and power generation; however, implementing crude bio-oil in some current (more)

Moloodi, Sina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Alternative Fuels Data Center: County Fleet Goes Big on Idle Reduction,  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

County Fleet Goes Big County Fleet Goes Big on Idle Reduction, Ethanol Use, Fuel Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: County Fleet Goes Big on Idle Reduction, Ethanol Use, Fuel Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: County Fleet Goes Big on Idle Reduction, Ethanol Use, Fuel Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: County Fleet Goes Big on Idle Reduction, Ethanol Use, Fuel Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: County Fleet Goes Big on Idle Reduction, Ethanol Use, Fuel Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: County Fleet Goes Big on Idle Reduction, Ethanol Use, Fuel Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: County Fleet Goes Big on Idle Reduction, Ethanol Use, Fuel Efficiency on

397

Western Ethanol Company LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethanol Company LLC Ethanol Company LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Western Ethanol Company LLC Place Placentia, California Zip 92871 Product California-based fuel ethanol distribution and marketing company. Coordinates 33.871124°, -117.861401° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.871124,"lon":-117.861401,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

398

Ethanol | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

description and move this content to a more appropriate page name (like "List of ethanol incentives") List of Ethanol Incentives E85 Standards Retrieved from "http:en.openei.org...

399

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Wisconsin Incentives and Laws Wisconsin Incentives and Laws The following is a list of expired, repealed, and archived incentives, laws, regulations, funding opportunities, or other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. Regional Biofuels Promotion Plan Archived: 01/01/2012 Wisconsin joined Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and South Dakota in adopting the Energy Security and Climate Stewardship Platform Plan (Platform), which establishes shared goals for the Midwest region, including increased biofuels production and use. Download Adobe Reader. Specifically, the Platform sets the following goals: Produce commercially available cellulosic ethanol and other low carbon fuels in the region by 2012; Increase E85 availability at retail fueling stations in the region

400

Development of a dedicated ethanol ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV): Final report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to develop a commercially competitive vehicle powered by ethanol (or an ethanol blend) that can meet California`s ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) standards and equivalent corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) energy efficiency for a light-duty passenger car application. The definition of commercially competitive is independent of fuel cost, but does include technical requirements for competitive power, performance, refueling times, vehicle range, driveability, fuel handling safety, and overall emissions performance. This report summarizes the fourth and final phase of this project, and also the overall project. The focus of this report is the technology used to develop a dedicated ethanol-fueled ULEV, and the emissions results documenting ULV performance. Some of the details for the control system and hardware changes are presented in two appendices that are SAE papers. The demonstrator vehicle has a number of advanced technological features, but it is currently configured with standard original equipment manufacturer (OEM) under-engine catalysts. Close-coupled catalysts would improve emissions results further, but no close-coupled catalysts were available for this testing. Recently, close-coupled catalysts were obtained, but installation and testing will be performed in the future. This report also briefly summarizes work in several other related areas that supported the demonstrator vehicle work.

Dodge, L.; Bourn, G.; Callahan, T.; Grogan, J.; Leone, D.; Naegeli, D.; Shouse, K.; Thring, R.; Whitney, K. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The Latest Unanticipated Consequence in the Ethanol Fiasco  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Until recently, the 2007 ethanol mandates have been a story of very small environmental and security benefits and large, unexpected increases in food prices as corn was diverted from food to fuel uses. Now we have another unforeseen consequence...

Griffin, James M.

402

Water Research 36 (2002) 37393746 Effect of ethanol on BTEX biodegradation kinetics: aerobic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Research 36 (2002) 3739­3746 Effect of ethanol on BTEX biodegradation kinetics: aerobic November 2001; received in revised form 1 February 2002 Abstract The use of ethanol as an automotive fuel oxygenate represents potential economic and air-quality benefits. However, little is known about how ethanol

Alvarez, Pedro J.

403

Kinetic Modeling of Cellulosic Biomass to Ethanol Via Simultaneous Saccharification and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ARTICLE Kinetic Modeling of Cellulosic Biomass to Ethanol Via Simultaneous Saccharification. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2009;102: 66­72. ? 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. KEYWORDS: cellulose; ethanol; model validation Introduction Conversion of cellulosic biomass to ethanol and other liquid fuels is of interest

California at Riverside, University of

404

Development of a dedicated ethanol ultra-low-emissions vehicle (ULEV): Phase 3 report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the 3.5 year project discussed in this report was to develop a commercially competitive vehicle powered by ethanol (or an ethanol blend) that can meet California`s Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle (ULEV) standards and equivalent Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) energy efficiency for a light duty passenger car application. This particular report summarizes the third phase of the project, which lasted 12 months. Emissions tests were conducted with advanced after-treatment devices on one of the two, almost identical, test vehicles, a 1993 Ford Taurus flexible fuel vehicle. The report also covers tests on the engine removed from the second Taurus vehicle. This engine was modified for an increased compression ratio, fitted with air assist injectors, and included an advanced engine control system with model-based control.

Dodge, L.; Callahan, T.; Leone, D.; Naegeli, D.; Shouse, K.; Smith, L.; Whitney, K. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)] [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Optical-Engine Study of a Low-Temperature Combustion Strategy Employing a Dual-Row, Narrow-Included-Angle Nozzle and Early, Direct Injection of Diesel Fuel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Insight into mechanisms causing observed sharp emissions increase with diesel fuel injection is gained through experiments in an optical engine employing a similar low-temperature combustion strategy of early, direct injection of diesel fuel.

406

NREL: Vehicles and Fuels Research - Biofuels Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biofuels Projects Biofuels Projects NREL biofuels projects help overcome technical barriers and expand markets for renewable, biodegradable vehicle fuels. These new liquid fuels include higher-level ethanol blends, butanol, biodiesel, renewable diesel, and other biomass-derived fuels. NREL's biofuels research and development helps improve engine efficiency, reduce polluting emissions, and improve U.S. energy security by reducing petroleum dependency. Biofuels for Diesel Engines NREL's diesel biofuels research and development focuses on developing fuel quality standards and demonstrating compatibility with engines and emission control systems. Highly efficient heavy-duty diesel truck engines are the primary power source for global transportation of freight. Light-duty diesel-fueled passenger vehicles have much higher fuel economy than

407

NREL: Vehicles and Fuels Research - News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicles and Fuels Research News Vehicles and Fuels Research News The following news stories highlight vehicles and fuels research at NREL. December 23, 2013 NREL and Thought Leaders Gather at Electric Vehicle Battery Management Summit NREL researchers will gather with U.S. Department of Energy program directors and technology managers, and other thought leaders to exchange strategies for maximizing the performance, safety, and lifespan of electric-drive vehicle batteries. November 7, 2013 NREL Developed Mobile App for Alternative Fueling Station Locations Released iPhone users now have access to a free application that locates fueling stations offering alternative fuels, including electricity, natural gas, biodiesel, e85 Ethanol, propane and hydrogen. The Energy Department's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed the new mobile

408

Life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission impacts of different corn ethanol plant types.  

SciTech Connect

Since the United States began a program to develop ethanol as a transportation fuel, its use has increased from 175 million gallons in 1980 to 4.9 billion gallons in 2006. Virtually all of the ethanol used for transportation has been produced from corn. During the period of fuel ethanol growth, corn farming productivity has increased dramatically, and energy use in ethanol plants has been reduced by almost by half. The majority of corn ethanol plants are powered by natural gas. However, as natural gas prices have skyrocketed over the last several years, efforts have been made to further reduce the energy used in ethanol plants or to switch from natural gas to other fuels, such as coal and wood chips. In this paper, we examine nine corn ethanol plant types--categorized according to the type of process fuels employed, use of combined heat and power, and production of wet distiller grains and solubles. We found that these ethanol plant types can have distinctly different energy and greenhouse gas emission effects on a full fuel-cycle basis. In particular, greenhouse gas emission impacts can vary significantly--from a 3% increase if coal is the process fuel to a 52% reduction if wood chips are used. Our results show that, in order to achieve energy and greenhouse gas emission benefits, researchers need to closely examine and differentiate among the types of plants used to produce corn ethanol so that corn ethanol production would move towards a more sustainable path.

Wang, M.; Wu, M.; Huo, H.; Energy Systems

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission impacts of different corn ethanol plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since the United States began a programme to develop ethanol as a transportation fuel, its use has increased from 175 million gallons in 1980 to 4.9 billion gallons in 2006. Virtually all of the ethanol used for transportation has been produced from corn. During the period of fuel ethanol growth, corn farming productivity has increased dramatically, and energy use in ethanol plants has been reduced by almost by half. The majority of corn ethanol plants are powered by natural gas. However, as natural gas prices have skyrocketed over the last several years, efforts have been made to further reduce the energy used in ethanol plants or to switch from natural gas to other fuels, such as coal and wood chips. In this paper, we examine nine corn ethanol plant typescategorized according to the type of process fuels employed, use of combined heat and power, and production of wet distiller grains and solubles. We found that these ethanol plant types can have distinctly different energy and greenhouse gas emission effects on a full fuel-cycle basis. In particular, greenhouse gas emission impacts can vary significantlyfrom a 3% increase if coal is the process fuel to a 52% reduction if wood chips are used. Our results show that, in order to achieve energy and greenhouse gas emission benefits, researchers need to closely examine and differentiate among the types of plants used to produce corn ethanol so that corn ethanol production would move towards a more sustainable path.

Michael Wang; May Wu; Hong Huo

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Investigation of materials performances in high moisture environments including corrosive contaminants typical of those arising by using alternative fuels in gas turbines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

materials performances in high moisture materials performances in high moisture environments including corrosive contaminants typical of those arising by using alternative fuels in gas turbines Gerald Meier, Frederick Pettit and Keeyoung Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Jung University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, PA 15260 Peer review Workshop III UTSR Project 04 01 SR116 October 18-20, 2005 Project Approach Task I Selection and Preparation of Specimens Task II Selection of Test Conditions Specimens : GTD111+CoNiCrAlY and Pt Aluminides, N5+Pt Aluminides Deposit : No Deposit, CaO, CaSO 4 , Na 2 SO 4 1150℃ Dry 1150℃ Wet 950℃ Wet 750℃ SO 3 950℃ Dry Selection of Test Temperature, T 1 , Gas Environment and Deposit Composition, D

411

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Fuel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Definition The definition of an alternative fuel includes natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, electricity, hydrogen, fuel mixtures containing not less

412

Low and intermediate temperature oxidation of ethanol and ethanol-PRF blends: An experimental and modeling study  

SciTech Connect

In this brief communication, we present new experimental species profile measurements for the low and intermediate temperature oxidation of ethanol under knock-prone conditions. These experiments show that ethanol exhibits no global low temperature reactivity at these conditions, although we note the heterogeneous decomposition of ethanol to ethylene and water. Similar behavior is reported for an E85 blend in n-heptane. Kinetic modeling results are presented to complement these experiments and elucidate the interaction of ethanol and primary reference fuels undergoing cooxidation. (author)

Haas, Francis M.; Chaos, Marcos; Dryer, Frederick L. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

Secretary Bodman Touts Importance of Cellulosic Ethanol at Georgia  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Touts Importance of Cellulosic Ethanol at Georgia Touts Importance of Cellulosic Ethanol at Georgia Biorefinery Groundbreaking Secretary Bodman Touts Importance of Cellulosic Ethanol at Georgia Biorefinery Groundbreaking October 6, 2007 - 4:21pm Addthis SOPERTON, GA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today attended a groundbreaking ceremony for Range Fuels' biorefinery - one of the nation's first commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol biorefineries - and made the following statement. "Together, the Department of Energy and private sector pioneers, such as Range Fuels, are blending science and technology to advance the President's goal of reducing our dependence on foreign oil," U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman said. "The production of cost-competitive cellulosic ethanol is a significant part of America's energy future. This new

414

Integration options for high energy efficiency and improved economics in a wood-to-ethanol process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is currently a steady increase in the use of wood-based fuels for heat and power production in Sweden. A major proportion of these fuels could serve as feedstock for ethanol production. In this study variou...

Per Sassner; Guido Zacchi

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Reducing Emissions of a Diesel Engine Using Fumigation Ethanol and a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reducing Emissions of a Diesel Engine Using Fumigation Ethanol and a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst ... Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China ... In contrast to the conventional approach of using ethanol in spark-ignition engines, this study demonstrates the potential of ethanol utilization in diesel engines using dual-fuel combustion, where ethanol is injected into the intake manifold and diesel ... ...

K. S. Tsang; Z. H. Zhang; C. S. Cheung; T. L. Chan

2010-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

416

Driving "Back to the Future": Flex-Fuel Vehicle Awareness | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Back to the Future": Flex-Fuel Vehicle Awareness "Back to the Future": Flex-Fuel Vehicle Awareness Driving "Back to the Future": Flex-Fuel Vehicle Awareness March 18, 2011 - 9:41am Addthis Paul Bryan Biomass Program Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy The 1908 Model-T Ford was the first vehicle designed to run on ethanol-which Henry Ford termed "the fuel of the future." Today, about 8 million Flexible Fuel Vehicles (FFVs) on our roads are capable of running on either gasoline or gasoline blended with up to 85 percent ethanol (E85). By using E85, these flex fuel vehicles help to decrease our reliance on imported oil and reduce carbon pollution. The "Big Three" U.S. auto makers (Ford, General Motors, and Chrysler) recently announced that half of their entire 2012 vehicle line will be FFVs-including the

417

Santa Clara County Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Demonstration Project  

SciTech Connect

The Santa Clara County Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (PSOFC) project demonstrated the technical viability of pre-commercial PSOFC technology at the County 911 Communications headquarters, as well as the input fuel flexibility of the PSOFC. PSOFC operation was demonstrated on natural gas and denatured ethanol. The Santa Clara County Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (PSOFC) project goals were to acquire, site, and demonstrate the technical viability of a pre-commercial PSOFC technology at the County 911 Communications headquarters. Additional goals included educating local permit approval authorities, and other governmental entities about PSOFC technology, existing fuel cell standards and specific code requirements. The project demonstrated the Bloom Energy (BE) PSOFC technology in grid parallel mode, delivering a minimum 15 kW over 8760 operational hours. The PSOFC system demonstrated greater than 81% electricity availability and 41% electrical efficiency (LHV net AC), providing reliable, stable power to a critical, sensitive 911 communications system that serves geographical boundaries of the entire Santa Clara County. The project also demonstrated input fuel flexibility. BE developed and demonstrated the capability to run its prototype PSOFC system on ethanol. BE designed the hardware necessary to deliver ethanol into its existing PSOFC system. Operational parameters were determined for running the system on ethanol, natural gas (NG), and a combination of both. Required modeling was performed to determine viable operational regimes and regimes where coking could occur.

Fred Mitlitsky; Sara Mulhauser; David Chien; Deepak Shukla; David Weingaertner

2009-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

418

Alternative transportation fuels and air quality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alternative transportation fuels and air quality ... Potential Air Quality Effects of Using Ethanol?Gasoline Fuel Blends: A Field Study in Albuquerque, New Mexico ... Potential Air Quality Effects of Using Ethanol?Gasoline Fuel Blends: A Field Study in Albuquerque, New Mexico ...

Tai Y. Chang; Robert H. Hammerle; Steven M. Japar; Irving T. Salmeen

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Sioux River Ethanol LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sioux River Ethanol LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sioux River Ethanol LLC Place: Hudson, South Dakota Zip: 57034 Product: Farmer owned ethanol producer, Sioux River Ethanol...

420

17th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition 2009, Hamburg, Germany Lignocellulosic Ethanol: The Path to Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

17th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition 2009, Hamburg, Germany Lignocellulosic Ethanol of transport fuels from biomass is essential if the EU aspiration to substitute 10% of transport fuels investment in R&D in the US, Europe and Asia. The production of ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Production Wage and Salary Tax Credit New ethanol, biodiesel, green diesel, and biogas producers may be eligible for an income tax credit equal to a percentage of wages and...

422

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: September 14, 8: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content on

423

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Carolina Incentives and Laws Carolina Incentives and Laws The following is a list of expired, repealed, and archived incentives, laws, regulations, funding opportunities, or other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. Biofuels Retail Incentive Expired: 06/30/2012 Ethanol retailers selling fuel blends of at least 70% ethanol (E70) are eligible for a $0.05 incentive per gallon of ethanol blended fuel sold, provided that the fuel is subject to the South Carolina motor fuel user fee. Additionally, biodiesel retailers are eligible for a $0.25 incentive per gallon of biodiesel (B100) sold as pure biodiesel or as part of a biodiesel blend, provided that the blend contains at least 2% biodiesel (B2). These incentives apply only to fuel sold before July 1, 2012.

424

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tools Tools Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center on AddThis.com... Fuel Properties Search Fuel Properties Comparison Create a custom chart comparing fuel properties and characteristics for multiple fuels. Select the fuel and properties of interest. Select Fuels Clear all All Fuels Gasoline Diesel (No. 2) Biodiesel Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Electricity Ethanol Hydrogen Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Propane (LPG)

425

Fermentation method producing ethanol  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ethanol is the major end product of an anaerobic, thermophilic fermentation process using a mutant strain of bacterium Clostridium thermosaccharolyticum. This organism is capable of converting hexose and pentose carbohydrates to ethanol, acetic and lactic acids. Mutants of Clostridium thermosaccharolyticum are capable of converting these substrates to ethanol in exceptionally high yield and with increased productivity. Both the mutant organism and the technique for its isolation are provided.

Wang, Daniel I. C. (Belmont, MA); Dalal, Rajen (Chicago, IL)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Finding of No Significant Impact for the Proposed Construction and Operation of a Cellulosic Ethanol Plant, Treutlen County, Georgia  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

05 05 October 15, 2007 FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT for the PROPOSED CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF A CELLULOSIC ETHANOL PLANT, TREUTLEN COUNTY, GEORGIA SUMMARY: The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) conducted an environmental assessment (EA) that analyzed the potential impacts associated with the construction and operation of a proposed cellulosic ethanol plant in Treutlen County, Georgia. DOE, through its Golden Field Office, in Golden, Colorado, would provide funding to Range Fuels, Inc., a Colorado based corporation, to support the construction and initial operation of the proposed plant. All discussion, analysis and findings related to the potential impacts of construction and operation ofthe proposed cellulosic ethanol plant (including the applicant-committed practices presented in the Proposed Action) are contained in the Final EA. The Final EA is hereby incorporated

427

Epigenetic Effects of Ethanol.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is prevalent and associated with significant mortality and socioeconomic costs globally. Despite the tremendous burden of AUD, mechanisms of alcohol (ethanol) (more)

Finegersh, Andrey

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Missouri Renewable Fuel Standard Brochure  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

The Missouri Renewable Fuel Standard The Missouri Renewable Fuel Standard requires ethanol in most gasoline beginning January 1, 2008. ARE YOU READY? TEN THINGS MISSOURI TANK OWNERS AND OPERATORS NEED TO KNOW ABOUT ETHANOL 1. Ethanol is a type of alcohol made usually from corn in Missouri and other states. 2. E10 is a blend of 10% ethanol and 90% unleaded gasoline. E85 is a blend of 75% to 85% fuel ethanol and 25% to 15% unleaded gasoline. Blends between E10 and E85 are not allowed to be sold at retail. 3. Any vehicle or small engine should run fine on E10, but only specially designed vehicles can use E85. 4. You are not required to label your dispensers disclosing the ethanol content if you are selling E10. However, you are required to label your dispensers if you are selling E85.

429

Alcohol-based fuels from syngases  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes results of a research program which was undertaken to find the most advantageous method of using methanol in gasoline blends. It is demonstrated that a mixture called methanol and C/sub 2/C/sub 6/ saturated alcohols, called Alkanol fuel, has the potential for providing a gasoline-blending stock superior to that of straight-run methanol or ethanol. Extensive property data and test results are tabulated, plotted, and discussed. Economic considerations are included. 4 refs.

Greene, M.I.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Experimental study of industrial gas turbine flames including quantification of pressure influence on flow field, fuel/air premixing and flame shape  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A commercial swirl burner for industrial gas turbine combustors was equipped with an optically accessible combustion chamber and installed in a high-pressure test-rig. Several premixed natural gas/air flames at pressures between 3 and 6bar and thermal powers of up to 1MW were studied by using a variety of measurement techniques. These include particle image velocimetry (PIV) for the investigation of the flow field, one-dimensional laser Raman scattering for the determination of the joint probability density functions of major species concentrations, mixture fraction and temperature, planar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF) of OH for the visualization of the flame front, chemiluminescence measurements of OH* for determining the lift-off height and size of the flame and acoustic recordings. The results give insights into important flame properties like the flow field structure, the premixing quality and the turbulenceflame interaction as well as their dependency on operating parameters like pressure, inflow velocity and equivalence ratio. The 1D Raman measurements yielded information about the gradients and variation of the mixture fraction and the quality of the fuel/air mixing, as well as the reaction progress. The OH PLIF images showed that the flame was located between the inflow of fresh gas and the recirculated combustion products. The flame front structures varied significantly with Reynolds number from wrinkled flame fronts to fragmented and strongly corrugated flame fronts. All results are combined in one database that can be used for the validation of numerical simulations.

Ulrich Stopper; Wolfgang Meier; Rajesh Sadanandan; Michael Sthr; Manfred Aigner; Ghenadie Bulat

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Check Out the New Alternative Fuel Station Locator | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Check Out the New Alternative Fuel Station Locator Check Out the New Alternative Fuel Station Locator Check Out the New Alternative Fuel Station Locator November 19, 2012 - 2:29pm Addthis Find Stations Plan a Route Location: Go Start: End: Go Fuel: All Fuels Biodiesel (B20 and above) Compressed Natural Gas Electric Ethanol (E85) Hydrogen Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) more search options close × More Search Options Include private stations Include planned stations Owner All Private Federal State Local Utility Payment All American Express Discover MasterCard VISA Cash Checks CFN Clean Energy Fuel Man Gas Card PHH Services Voyager WEX Electric charger types Include level 1 Include level 2 Include DC fast Include legacy chargers Limit results to within 5 miles Limit results to within 5 miles

432

Alcoholate corrosion of aluminium in ethanol blends-the effects of water content, surface treatments, temperature, time and pressure; Alkolat korrosion av aluminium i etanolblandningar-Effekterna av vattenhalt, ytskydd, temperatur, tid och tryck.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? As it becomes more important to replace fossil fuels with alternative fuels, biofuels like ethanol are becoming more commercially used. The increased use of (more)

Linder, Jenny

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES WITH ADDITION OF ETHANOL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES WITH ADDITION OF ETHANOL P. Dirrenberger1 , P.A. Glaude*1 (2014) 162-169" DOI : 10.1016/j.fuel.2013.07.015 #12;2 LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY OF GASOLINES, Sweden Abstract The adiabatic laminar burning velocities of a commercial gasoline and of a model fuel (n

Boyer, Edmond

434

Biofuel alternatives to ethanol: pumping the microbial well  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for fuel production have included oil-producing algae suchalgae [28]. A more direct replacement of conventional diesel fuel

Fortman, J.L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Biofuel alternatives to ethanol: pumping the microbial well  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for fuel production have included oil-producing algae suchalgae [28]. A more direct replacement of conventional diesel fuel

Fortman, J. L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol to someone by E-mail Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Ethanol

437

E-Print Network 3.0 - a-1 fuel production Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Biomaterials Waste Cooking Oil Crops Intermediate Products Conversion... Technologies Bioenergy Products Ethanol Biodiesel Electricity & Heat Other Fuels, Chemicals, &...

438

E-Print Network 3.0 - analysis phwr fuel Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Biomaterials Waste Cooking Oil Crops Intermediate Products Conversion... Technologies Bioenergy Products Ethanol Biodiesel Electricity & Heat Other Fuels, Chemicals, & ......

439

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Ethanol-Diesel Blends in Buses and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ethanol-Diesel Blends in Buses and Tractors Ethanol-Diesel Blends in Buses and Tractors Project Summary Full Title: Fuel-Cycle Energy and Emission Impacts of Ethanol-Diesel Blends in Urban Buses and Farming Tractors Project ID: 86 Principal Investigator: Michael Wang Brief Description: This project studied the full fuel-cycle energy and emissions effects of ethanol-diesel blends relative to those of petroleum diesel when used in urban transit buses and farming tractors. Keywords: Ethanol; diesel; emissions; well-to-wheels (WTW) Purpose Numerous studies have been conducted to evaluate the fuel-cycle energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission effects of ethanol-gasoline blends relative to those of gasoline for applications in spark- ignition engine vehicles. Those studies did not address the energy and emission effects of

440

Assessment of PNGV fuels infrastructure. Phase 1 report: Additional capital needs and fuel-cycle energy and emissions impacts  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the methodologies and results of Argonne`s assessment of additional capital needs and the fuel-cycle energy and emissions impacts of using six different fuels in the vehicles with tripled fuel economy (3X vehicles) that the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles is currently investigating. The six fuels included in this study are reformulated gasoline, low-sulfur diesel, methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether, and hydrogen. Reformulated gasoline, methanol, and ethanol are assumed to be burned in spark-ignition, direct-injection engines. Diesel and dimethyl ether are assumed to be burned in compression-ignition, direct-injection engines. Hydrogen and methanol are assumed to be used in fuel-cell vehicles. The authors have analyzed fuels infrastructure impacts under a 3X vehicle low market share scenario and a high market share scenario. The assessment shows that if 3X vehicles are mass-introduced, a considerable amount of capital investment will be needed to build new fuel production plants and to establish distribution infrastructure for methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether, and hydrogen. Capital needs for production facilities will far exceed those for distribution infrastructure. Among the four fuels, hydrogen will bear the largest capital needs. The fuel efficiency gain by 3X vehicles translates directly into reductions in total energy demand, fossil energy demand, and CO{sub 2} emissions. The combination of fuel substitution and fuel efficiency results in substantial petroleum displacement and large reductions in emissions of nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, sulfur oxide, and particulate matter of size smaller than 10 microns.

Wang, M.; Stork, K.; Vyas, A.; Mintz, M.; Singh, M.; Johnson, L.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Ethanol Usage in Urban Public Transportation - Presentation of Results |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethanol Usage in Urban Public Transportation - Presentation of Results Ethanol Usage in Urban Public Transportation - Presentation of Results Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ethanol Usage in Urban Public Transportation - Presentation of Results Agency/Company /Organization: BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: cenbio.iee.usp.br/download/publicacoes/SAE_BEST_2010.pdf This paper presents the BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport (BEST) project in Brazil, its partners, and the results from the demonstration tests performed in field, as well as the proposals of public policies that were elaborated and are being implemented. The BEST project was implemented in Sao Paulo as well as eight other cities located in Europe and Asia. How to Use This Tool

442

Corn Based Ethanol in Perspective: An Overview of the Possibilities,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Corn Based Ethanol in Perspective: An Overview of the Possibilities, Corn Based Ethanol in Perspective: An Overview of the Possibilities, Limitations and Consequences Speaker(s): Michael Carnall Date: August 30, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Galen Barbose The use of corn based ethanol as a supplement or replacement of motor fuel gasoline has many champions as well as detractors. In this presentation I attempt to separate hype from facts and wishful thinking from realistic forecasts. The production of corn based ethanol has physical limits based on land required to grow its primary input. It also has economic limits based on the cost of inputs relative to the cost of the fuel it replaces and the value of the environmental and other benefits its use may provide. By exploring these limits and the likely consequences of

443

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Dispenser Labeling Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Dispenser Fuel Dispenser Labeling Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Dispenser Labeling Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Dispenser Labeling Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Dispenser Labeling Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Dispenser Labeling Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Dispenser Labeling Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Dispenser Labeling Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Fuel Dispenser Labeling Requirement All equipment used to dispense motor fuel containing at least 1% ethanol or

444

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption The biodiesel or ethanol portion of blended fuel containing taxable diesel

445

Engineering metabolic systems for production of advanced fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

keto acid pathways for bio- fuel production. The productionmaking bio- gasoline, bio-jet fuel, and biodiesel, as welldevelopment of bio-ethanol as an alternative fuel have led

Yan, Yajun; Liao, James C.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Pacific Ethanol, Inc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mascoma Mascoma Corporate HQ: Cambridge, Massachusetts Proposed Facility Location: Vonore, Tennessee Description: The partnership aims to establish an approximately 85 tonnes per day cellulosic ethanol facility in the Niles Ferry Industrial Park, in Monroe County, Tennessee. The facility will produce 2 million gallons of cellulosic ethanol annually and generate process heat through the combustion of byproduct lignin. CEO or Equivalent: Bruce A. Jamerson, CEO Participants: University of Tennessee, Genera Energy LLC Production: * Capacity of 2 million gallons per year of cellulosic ethanol Technology and Feedstocks: * Mascoma proprietary biochemical conversion process * Switchgrass, hardwood chips State of Readiness: * Estimated to be operational in 2009

447

Plants in Your Gas Tank: From Photosynthesis to Ethanol  

K-12 Energy Lesson Plans and Activities Web site (EERE)

With ethanol becoming more prevalent in the media and in gas tanks, it is important for students to know from where it comes. This module uses a series of activities to show how energy and mass are converted from one form to another. It focuses on the conversion of light energy into chemical energy via photosynthesis. It then goes on to show how the chemical energy in plant sugars can be fermented to produce ethanol. Finally, the reasons for using ethanol as a fuel are discussed.

448

Fuel pin  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel pin for a liquid metal nuclear reactor is provided. The fuel pin includes a generally cylindrical cladding member with metallic fuel material disposed therein. At least a portion of the fuel material extends radially outwardly to the inner diameter of the cladding member to promote efficient transfer of heat to the reactor coolant system. The fuel material defines at least one void space therein to facilitate swelling of the fuel material during fission.

Christiansen, D.W.; Karnesky, R.A.; Leggett, R.D.; Baker, R.B.

1987-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

449

Ethanol Myths: Under the Microscope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, transport to facility, convert to ethanol, and distribute Future biomass feedstocks will come primarily from

Pawlowski, Wojtek

450

NREL: News - NREL Developed Mobile App for Alternative Fueling Station  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

713 713 NREL Developed Mobile App for Alternative Fueling Station Locations Released New application for iPhone helps users find stations offering electricity, biodiesel, natural gas, and other alternative fuels. November 7, 2013 iPhone users now have access to a free application that locates fueling stations offering alternative fuels, including electricity, natural gas, biodiesel, e85 Ethanol, propane and hydrogen. The Energy Department's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed the new mobile application for DOE's Clean Cities program. Clean Cities supports local stakeholders across the country in an effort to cut petroleum use in transportation. The Alternative Fueling Station Locator App, now available through Apple's App Store, allows iPhone users to select an alternative fuel and

451

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

fuels include liquid non-petroleum based fuel that can be placed in motor vehicle fuel tanks and used to operate on-road vehicles, including all forms of fuel commonly or...

452

Process for producing ethanol  

SciTech Connect

A process is described for producing ethanol from raw materials containing a high dry solid mash level having fermentable sugars or constituents which can be converted into sugars, comprising the steps of: (a) liquefaction of the raw materials in the presence of an alpha amylase to obtain liquefied mash; (b) saccharification of the liquefied mash in the presence of a glucoamylase to obtain hydrolysed starch and sugars; (c) fermentation of the hydrolysed starch and sugars by yeast to obtain ethanol; and (d) recovering the obtained ethanol, wherein an acid fungal protease is introduced to the liquefied mash during the saccharification and/or to the hydrolysed starch and sugars during the fermentation, thereby increasing the rate of production of ethanol as compared to a substantially similar process conducted without the introduction of the protease.

Lantero, O.J.; Fish, J.J.

1993-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

453

Cellulase, Clostridia, and Ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...dependence on petroleum for energy. Coculture of a cellulolytic...promising approach to an alternate energy source from an economic viewpoint...University, Madison, NJ 07940, USA. ademain@drew.edu | Journal...enzymology Coculture Techniques Energy Metabolism Ethanol pharmacology

Arnold L. Demain; Michael Newcomb; J. H. David Wu

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Polyvinylchlorid aus biogenem Ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Zur Herstellung von Vinylchlorid, dem Ausgangsmaterial fr Polyvinylchlorid (PVC) [1], kann auch Ethylen auf Basis von biogenem Ethanol verwendet werden. Vinylchlorid ist eine der wichtigsten ... Bild 274 zeigt d...

Oliver Trk Prof. Dr.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

special fuels. Special fuels include compressed and liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), hydrogen, and fuel suitable for use in diesel engines. In addition,...

456

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

and Special Fuel Definitions The definition of alternative fuel includes liquefied petroleum gas (propane). Special fuel is defined as all combustible gases and liquids that are...

457

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

providers to install biofuel fueling facilities. Fueling facilities include storage tanks and fuel pumps dedicated to dispensing E85 and biodiesel blends of 20% (B20). TDOT...

458

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

that operate using at least 90% alternative fuel. Eligible alternative fuels include electricity, propane, natural gas, or hydrogen fuel. Medium-duty hybrid electric vehicles also...

459

Ethanol production from lignocellulose  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention presents a method of improving enzymatic degradation of lignocellulose, as in the production of ethanol from lignocellulosic material, through the use of ultrasonic treatment. The invention shows that ultrasonic treatment reduces cellulase requirements by 1/3 to 1/2. With the cost of enzymes being a major problem in the cost-effective production of ethanol from lignocellulosic material, this invention presents a significant improvement over presently available methods.

Ingram, Lonnie O. (Gainesville, FL); Wood, Brent E. (Gainesville, FL)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Four Cellulosic Ethanol Breakthroughs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Today, the nation's first ever commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol biorefinery to use corn waste as a feedstock officially opened for business in Emmetsburg, Iowa. POET-DSMs Project LIBERTY is the second of two Energy Department-funded cellulosic ethanol biorefineries to come on line within the past year. Learn more about how the Energy Department is helping the nation reduce its dependence on foreign oil and move the clean energy economy forward.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "includes fuel ethanol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Allocation procedure in ethanol production system from corn grain i. system expansion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated the system expansion approach to net energy analysis for ethanol production from domestic corn grain. Production systems included in this study are ethanol production from corn dry milling and cor...

Seungdo Kim; Bruce E. Dale

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Labeling Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuel Renewable Fuel Labeling Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Labeling Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Labeling Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Labeling Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Labeling Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Labeling Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Labeling Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuel Labeling Requirement Biodiesel and ethanol blend dispensers must be affixed with decals

463

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Conserve Fuel » Laws & Incentives Conserve Fuel » Laws & Incentives Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Electricity Ethanol Hydrogen Natural Gas Propane Emerging Fuels Fuel Prices Federal Laws and Incentives for Idle Reduction The list below contains summaries of all Federal laws and incentives related to Idle Reduction. Incentives Idle Reduction Technology Excise Tax Exemption Qualified on-board idle reduction devices and advanced insulation are

464

Fueling America Through Renewable Resources Purdue extension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fueling America Through Renewable Resources BioEnergy Purdue extension Meeting the ethanol demand to the anticipated market demand signals by planting more corn after corn. Livestock farmers have often had corn #12; Fueling America Through Renewable Crops BioEnergy Meeting the Ethanol Demand: Consequences

Holland, Jeffrey

465

Analysis of Underground Storage Tanks System Materials to Increased Leak Potential Associated with E15 Fuel  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 was enacted by Congress to move the nation toward increased energy independence by increasing the production of renewable fuels to meet its transportation energy needs. The law establishes a new renewable fuel standard (RFS) that requires the nation to use 36 billion gallons annually (2.3 million barrels per day) of renewable fuel in its vehicles by 2022. Ethanol is the most widely used renewable fuel in the US, and its production has grown dramatically over the past decade. According to EISA and RFS, ethanol (produced from corn as well as cellulosic feedstocks) will make up the vast majority of the new renewable fuel requirements. However, ethanol use limited to E10 and E85 (in the case of flex fuel vehicles or FFVs) will not meet this target. Even if all of the E0 gasoline dispensers in the country were converted to E10, such sales would represent only about 15 billion gallons per year. If 15% ethanol, rather than 10% were used, the potential would be up to 22 billion gallons. The vast majority of ethanol used in the United States is blended with gasoline to create E10, that is, gasoline with up to 10% ethanol. The remaining ethanol is sold in the form of E85, a gasoline blend with as much as 85% ethanol that can only be used in FFVs. Although DOE remains committed to expanding the E85 infrastructure, that market will not be able to absorb projected volumes of ethanol in the near term. Given this reality, DOE and others have begun assessing the viability of using intermediate ethanol blends as one way to transition to higher volumes of ethanol. In October of 2010, the EPA granted a partial waiver to the Clean Air Act allowing the use of fuel that contains up to 15% ethanol for the model year 2007 and newer light-duty motor vehicles. This waiver represents the first of a number of actions that are needed to move toward the commercialization of E15 gasoline blends. On January 2011, this waiver was expanded to include model year 2001 light-duty vehicles, but specifically prohibited use in motorcycles and off-road vehicles and equipment. UST stakeholders generally consider fueling infrastructure materials designed for use with E0 to be adequate for use with E10, and there are no known instances of major leaks or failures directly attributable to ethanol use. It is conceivable that many compatibility issues, including accelerated corrosion, do arise and are corrected onsite and, therefore do not lead to a release. However, there is some concern that higher ethanol concentrations, such as E15 or E20, may be incompatible with current materials used in standard gasoline fueling hardware. In the summer of 2008, DOE recognized the need to assess the impact of intermediate blends of ethanol on the fueling infrastructure, specifically located at the fueling station. This includes the dispenser and hanging hardware, the underground storage tank, and associated piping. The DOE program has been co-led and funded by the Office of the Biomass Program and Vehicle Technologies Program with technical expertise from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The infrastructure material compatibility work has been supported through strong collaborations and testing at Underwriters Laboratories (UL). ORNL performed a compatibility study investigating the compatibility of fuel infrastructure materials to gasoline containing intermediate levels of ethanol. These results can be found in the ORNL report entitled Intermediate Ethanol Blends Infrastructure Materials Compatibility Study: Elastomers, Metals and Sealants (hereafter referred to as the ORNL intermediate blends material compatibility study). These materials included elastomers, plastics, metals and sealants typically found in fuel dispenser infrastructure. The test fuels evaluated in the ORNL study were SAE standard test fuel formulations used to assess material-fuel compatibility within a relatively short timeframe. Initially, these material studies included test fuels of Fuel C,

Kass, Michael D [ORNL; Theiss, Timothy J [ORNL; Janke, Christopher James [ORNL; Pawel, Steven J [ORNL

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Pathway engineering to improve ethanol production by thermophilic bacteria  

SciTech Connect

Continuation of a research project jointly funded by the NSF and DOE is proposed. The primary project goal is to develop and characterize strains of C. thermocellum and C. thermosaccharolyticum having ethanol selectivity similar to more convenient ethanol-producing organisms. An additional goal is to document the maximum concentration of ethanol that can be produced by thermophiles. These goals build on results from the previous project, including development of most of the genetic tools required for pathway engineering in the target organisms. As well, we demonstrated that the tolerance of C. thermosaccharolyticum to added ethanol is sufficiently high to allow practical utilization should similar tolerance to produced ethanol be demonstrated, and that inhibition by neutralizing agents may explain the limited concentrations of ethanol produced in studies to date. Task 1 involves optimization of electrotransformation, using either modified conditions or alternative plasmids to improve upon the low but reproducible transformation, frequencies we have obtained thus far.

Lynd, L.R.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

467

Degradation of solid oxide fuel cell metallic interconnects in fuels containing sulfur  

SciTech Connect

Hydrogen is the main fuel for all types of fuel cells except direct methanol fuel cells. Hydrogen can be generated from all manner of fossil fuels, including coal, natural gas, diesel, gasoline, other hydrocarbons, and oxygenates (e.g., methanol, ethanol, butanol, etc.). Impurities in the fuel can cause significant performance problems and sulfur, in particular, can decrease the cell performance of fuel cells, including solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). In the SOFC, the high (800-1000C) operating temperature yields advantages (e.g., internal fuel reforming) and disadvantages (e.g., material selection and degradation problems). Significant progress in reducing the operating temperature of the SOFC from ~1000 C to ~750 C may allow less expensive metallic materials to be used for interconnects and as balance of plant (BOP) materials. This paper provides insight on the material performance of nickel, ferritic steels, and nickel-based alloys in fuels containing sulfur, primarily in the form of H2S, and seeks to quantify the extent of possible degradation due to sulfur in the gas stream.

Ziomek-Moroz, M.; Hawk, Jeffrey A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Central Indiana Ethanol LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Indiana Ethanol LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Central Indiana Ethanol LLC Place: Marion, Indiana Zip: 46952 Product: Ethanol producer developina a 151 mlpa plant in...

469

US Ethanol Vehicle Coalition | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethanol Vehicle Coalition Jump to: navigation, search Name: US Ethanol Vehicle Coalition Place: Jefferson City, Missouri Zip: 65109 Product: The National Ethanol Vehicle Coalition...

470

Pacific Ethanol, Inc | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pacific Ethanol, Inc Pacific Ethanol, Inc Pacific Ethanol, Inc More Documents & Publications RSE Pulp & Chemical, LLC (Subsidiary of Red Shield Environmental, LLC) Major DOE...

471

Millennium Ethanol LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Millennium Ethanol LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Millennium Ethanol, LLC Place: Marion, South Dakota Zip: 57043 Product: Millennium Ethanol is a group of more than 900...

472

Pacific Ethanol, Inc | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Pacific Ethanol, Inc Pacific Ethanol, Inc Design and build a demonstration cellulosic ethanol plant in Boardman. pacificethanolfactsheet040308.pdf More Documents & Publications...

473

Southridge Ethanol | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethanol Ethanol Jump to: navigation, search Name Southridge Ethanol Place Dallas, Texas Zip 75219 Sector Renewable Energy Product Southridge Ethanol is a renewable energy company interested in becoming one of the biggest producers of ethanol in the Southeast. References Southridge Ethanol[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Southridge Ethanol is a company located in Dallas, Texas . References ↑ "Southridge Ethanol" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Southridge_Ethanol&oldid=351577" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

474

Efficient Ethanol Recovery from Yeast Fermentation Broth with Integrated DistillationMembrane Process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the conventional process of producing ethanol biofuel from corn starch, the recovery of ethanol from the fermentation broth is accomplished using a multicolumn distillation system which yields an ethanol-rich stream near the ethanolwater azeotrope of 95.6 wt % ethanol. ... At this concentration, the energy required to recover and dry the ethanol is estimated to be 45 MJ-fuel/kg(5) relatively modest compared to the 27.0 MJ/kg Lower Heating Value (LHV) of the recovered ethanol. ... The retentate vapor from the module, which was at atmospheric pressure, was condensed using a glass condenser chilled to 1 C and connected to a 4-L flask. ...

Leland M. Vane; Franklin R. Alvarez; Laura Rosenblum; Shekar Govindaswamy

2012-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

475

Conversion of wet ethanol to syngas via filtration combustion: An experimental and computational investigation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ethanol is often promoted as the biofuel of the future, yet its acceptance as a fuel for combustion devices is limited by the cost of production. Since most combustion engines cannot tolerate high concentrations of water, the ethanol must be distilled and dehydrated, requiring large amounts of energy. Ethanol also has great potential as a feedstock for syngas consisting of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and other species. The conversion, called reforming, of ethanol to syngas does not necessarily require dehydration or distillation, thus eliminating or reducing the costs associated with those processes. In addition, there is potential for obtaining additional hydrogen from the water in the mixture. In this paper, we investigate the conversion of wet ethanol, or ethanol that has not been fully distilled or dehydrated, to syngas in an inert porous reactor. Experimental and computational results over a range of equivalence ratios, inlet velocities, and water fractions are presented. The results indicate that wet ethanol is a promising biological source for hydrogen.

Colin H. Smith; Daniel M. Leahey; Liane E. Miller; Janet L. Ellzey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Fuels - Biodiesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* Biodiesel * Biodiesel * Butanol * Ethanol * Hydrogen * Natural Gas * Fischer-Tropsch Batteries Cross-Cutting Assessments Engines GREET Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Materials Modeling, Simulation & Software Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles PSAT Smart Grid Student Competitions Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center Working With Argonne Contact TTRDC Clean Diesel Fuels Background Reducing