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1

Energy Transitions: A Systems Approach Including Marcellus Shale Gas Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Transitions: A Systems Approach Including Marcellus Shale Gas Development A Report Transitions: A Systems Approach Including Marcellus Shale Gas Development Executive Summary In the 21st the Marcellus shale In addition to the specific questions identified for the case of Marcellus shale gas in New

Angenent, Lars T.

2

Energy Transitions: A Systems Approach Including Marcellus Shale Gas Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Transitions: A Systems Approach Including Marcellus Shale Gas Development A Report: A Systems Approach Including Marcellus Shale Gas Development Executive Summary In the 21st century new we focused on the case of un- conventional natural gas recovery from the Marcellus shale In addition

Walter, M.Todd

3

Liquid-gas phase transition in nuclear matter including strangeness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply the chiral SU(3) quark mean field model to study the properties of strange hadronic matter at finite temperature. The liquid-gas phase transition is studied as a function of the strangeness fraction. The pressure of the system cannot remain constant during the phase transition, since there are two independent conserved charges (baryon and strangeness number). In a range of temperatures around 15 MeV (precise values depending on the model used) the equation of state exhibits multiple bifurcates. The difference in the strangeness fraction $f_s$ between the liquid and gas phases is small when they coexist. The critical temperature of strange matter turns out to be a non-trivial function of the strangeness fraction.

P. Wang; D. B. Leinweber; A. W. Thomas; A. G. Williams

2004-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

4

Enhancement In Charge Carrier Mobility Under Transition To Heavy Doping  

SciTech Connect

New experimental data confirming our suggestion about the universal character of critical phenomena accompanying the transition from 'an impurity gas' to 'an impurity condensate' with impurity concentration increasing are presented. The existence of the range of anomalous growth in the charge carrier mobility under transition to heavy doping is established for PbTe-PbSe solid solutions. The experimental results are analyzed on the basis of percolation theory taking into account alloy scattering and spatial correlations of impurity centers.

Rogacheva, E. I.; Nashchekina, O. N.; Vodorez, O. S. [National technical university 'Kharkov polytechnic institute', 21 Frunze St., Kharkov, 61002 (Ukraine)

2010-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

5

Thermoelectric material including a multiple transition metal-doped type I clathrate crystal structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoelectric material includes a multiple transition metal-doped type I clathrate crystal structure having the formula A.sub.8TM.sub.y.sub.1.sup.1TM.sub.y.sub.2.sup.2 . . . TM.sub.y.sub.n.sup.nM.sub.zX.sub.46-y.sub.1.sub.-y.sub.2.sub.- . . . -y.sub.n.sub.-z. In the formula, A is selected from the group consisting of barium, strontium, and europium; X is selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, and tin; M is selected from the group consisting of aluminum, gallium, and indium; TM.sup.1, TM.sup.2, and TM.sup.n are independently selected from the group consisting of 3d, 4d, and 5d transition metals; and y.sub.1, y.sub.2, y.sub.n and Z are actual compositions of TM.sup.1, TM.sup.2, TM.sup.n, and M, respectively. The actual compositions are based upon nominal compositions derived from the following equation: z=8q.sub.A-|.DELTA.q.sub.1|y.sub.1-|.DELTA.q.sub.2|y.sub.2- . . . -|.DELTA.q.sub.n|y.sub.n, wherein q.sub.A is a charge state of A, and wherein .DELTA.q.sub.1, .DELTA.q.sub.2, .DELTA.q.sub.n are, respectively, the nominal charge state of the first, second, and n-th TM.

Yang, Jihui (Lakeshore, CA); Shi, Xun (Troy, MI); Bai, Shengqiang (Shanghai, CN); Zhang, Wenqing (Shanghai, CN); Chen, Lidong (Shanghai, CN); Yang, Jiong (Shanghai, CN)

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

6

Multiple charge density wave transitions in Gd2Te5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diffraction measurements performed via transmission electron microscopy and high resolution X-ray scattering reveal two distinct charge density wave transitions in Gd{sub 2}Te{sub 5} at T{sub c1} = 410(3) and T{sub c2} = 532(3) K, associated with the on-axis incommensurate lattice modulation and off-axis commensurate lattice modulation respectively. Analysis of the temperature dependence of the order parameters indicates a non-vanishing coupling between these two distinct CDW states.

Shin, K.Y.; Ru, N.; /Stanford U., Geballe Lab. /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept.; Condron, C.L.; /SLAC, SSRL; Wu, Y.Q.; Kramer, M.J.; Toney, M.F.; /Ames Lab /Iowa State U., Dept. Mater. Sci. /SLAC, SSRL; Fisher, I.R.; /Stanford U., Geballe Lab. /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept.

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

7

Correlations between charge radii, E0 transitions, and M1 strength  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the framework of the interacting boson model, relations are derived between nuclear charge radii, electric monopole transition rates, and summed magnetic dipole transition in even-even nuclei. The proposed correlations are tested in the rare-earth region.

Van Isacker, P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Correlations between charge radii, E0 transitions, and M1 strength  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the framework of the interacting boson model, relations are derived between nuclear charge radii, electric monopole transition rates, and summed magnetic dipole transition in even-even nuclei. The proposed correlations are tested in the rare-earth region.

P. Van Isacker

2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

9

Lessons Learned: Battery-Electric Transit-Bus Opportunity Charging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document details the results of a study of battery-electric bus opportunity charging. This document is an interim report pending conclusion of further experiments with at least one other rapid-charging system and battery type.

1999-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

10

Effect of Chemical Pressure on the Charge Density Wave Transition...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at SSRL and the department of Applied Physics at Stanford University has determined the phase diagram of a new family of prototypical charge density wave (CDW) compounds. These...

11

Direct probe of Mott-Hubbard to charge-transfer insulator transition and electronic structure evolution in transition-metal systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We report the most direct experimental verification of Mott-Hubbard and charge-transfer insulators through x-ray emission spectroscopy in transition-metal (TM) fluorides. The p-d hybridization features in the spectra allow a straightforward energy alignment of the anion-2p and metal-3d valence states, which visually shows the difference between the two types of insulators. Furthermore, in parallel with the theoretical Zaanen-Sawatzky-Allen diagram, a complete experimental systematics of the 3d Coulomb interaction and the 2p-3d charge-transfer energy is reported and could serve as a universal experimental trend for other TM systems including oxides.

Olalde-Velasco, P; Jimenez-Mier, J; Denlinger, JD; Hussain, Z; Yang, WL

2011-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

12

Quasinormal Modes of Charged Fermions and Phase Transition of Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the quasinormal modes of massless charged fermions in a Reissner-Nordstrom-anti-de Sitter black hole spacetime. In the probe limit, we find that the imaginary part of quasinormal frequency will become positive when the temperature of the black hole is below a critical value. This indicates an instability of the black hole occurs and a phase transition happens. In the AdS/CFT correspondence, this transition can be viewed as a superconducting phase transition and the bulk fermion is regarded as the order parameter. When the coupling of the fermions and the background electric field becomes stronger, the critical temperature of the phase transition becomes higher. If the interaction between the fermion and the electric field can be ignored, namely in the case of a neutral fermion, the imaginary part of the quasinormal modes is always negative, which indicates that the black hole is stable and no phase transition occurs.

Rong-Gen Cai; Zhang-Yu Nie; Bin Wang; Hai-Qing Zhang

2010-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

13

Charge transport in silver chalcogenides in the region of phase transition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data on the {sigma}(T), R(T), and U(T) dependences in Ag{sub 2}Te, Ag{sub 2}Se, and Ag{sub 2}S in the region of the phase transition are analyzed. It is found that the phase transition in Ag{sub 2}Te is accompanied by a decrease in the electron concentration and this transition in Ag{sub 2}Se is accompanied by an increase in this concentration. The concentration of intrinsic charge carriers in Ag{sub 2}Te decreases by a factor of 4 as a result of the phase transition and increases by a factor of 2 in Ag{sub 2}Se. The effect of variation in the energy-band parameters in the region of phase transition on the electron mobility is considered. It is established that, in Ag{sub 2}Te and Ag{sub 2}S, electrons are scattered by optical phonons in the region of the phase transition, while electrons are scattered by acoustic phonons in the {alpha} and {beta} phases. It is assumed that the anomalously large increase in {sigma} and U in Ag{sub 2}S as a result of the phase transition is caused by an increase in the concentration n and a simultaneous decrease in {sigma}{sub g} and m{sub n}{sup *} by a factor of about 2.

Aliev, S. A.; Agaev, Z. F., E-mail: agayevz@rambler.ru; Zul'figarov, E. I. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

14

A New Mechanism of Charge Density Wave Discovered in Transition Metal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 8 A New Mechanism of Charge Density Wave Discovered in Transition Metal Dichalcogenides Charge density waves (CDW) are a type of coupled electronic-lattice instability found in quasi-low dimensional materials. The driving force behind the instability is the reduction in energy of electrons in the material as a consequence of establishing a spontaneous periodic modulation of the crystalline lattice with an appropriate wave vector. The symmetry of the CDW state is very sensitive to the electronic structure of the host material. Charge density wave has been observed in quasi-one dimensional compounds, high temperature superconductors, manganites and many others.1-4 Conventionally, Fermi surface nesting is the dominant and textbook mechanism for CDW. However, it fails to explain the CDW in the 2H-structured transition metal dichalcogenides (2H-TMD's), which is actually the first two-dimensional CDW materials discovered in 1975.5 Even after three decades of intensive research on this subject, the CDW mechanism of 2H-TMD's remain mysterious and controversial.

15

Disappearance of the Gas-Liquid Phase Transition for Highly Charged Colloids A.-P. Hynninen and A. Z. Panagiotopoulos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disappearance of the Gas-Liquid Phase Transition for Highly Charged Colloids A.-P. Hynninen and A in a uniform dielectric continuum. We show that the gas-liquid critical point becomes metastable with respect the primitive model, like-charge attraction has been shown to give rise to a gas-liquid phase coexistence [5

16

Measuring the Weak Charge of the Proton and the Hadronic Parity Violation of the N -> {Delta} Transition  

SciTech Connect

Qweak will determine the weak charge of the proton, Q{sup p}{sub W}, via an asymmetry measurement of parity-violating elastic electron-proton scattering at low four momentum transfer to a precision of 4%. Q{sup p}{sub W} has a firm Standard Model prediction and is related to the weak mixing angle, sin{sup 2} {Theta}{sub W}, a well-defined Standard Model parameter. Qweak will probe a subset of new physics to the TeV mass scale and test the Standard Model. The details of how this measurement was performed and the analysis of the 25% elastic dataset will be presented in this thesis. Also, an analysis of an auxiliary measurement of the parity-violating asymmetry in the N -> {Delta} transition is presented. It is used as a systematic inelastic background correction in the elastic analysis and to extract information about the hadronic parity violation through the low energy constant, d{sub Delta}. The elastic asymmetry at Q{sup 2} = 0.0252 ± 0.0007 GeV{sup 2} was measured to be A{sub ep} = -265 ± 40 ± 22 ± 68 ppb (stat., sys., and blinding). Extrapolated to Q{sup 2} = 0, the value of the proton's weak charge was measured to be Q{sup p}{sub W} = 0.077 ± 0.019 (stat. and sys.) ± 0.026 (blinding). This is within 1 {sigma} of the Standard Model prediction of Q{sup p}{sub W} = 0.0705 ± 0.0008. The N -> {Delta} inelastic asymmetry at Q{sup 2} = 0.02078 ± 0.0005 GeV{sup 2} and W = 1205 MeV was measured to be A{sub inel} = -3.03 ± 0.65 ± 0.73 ± 0.07 ppm (stat., sys., and blinding). This result constrains the low energy constant to be d{sub {Delta}} = 5.8 ± 22g{sub {pi}}, and, if the result of the G0 experiment is included, d{sub {Delta}} = 5.8 ± 17g{sub {pi}}. This result rules out suggested large values of d{sub {Delta}} motivated by radiative hyperon decays. The elastic measurement is the first direct measurement of the weak charge of the proton while the inelastic measurement is only the second measurement of the neutral current excitation of the {Delta} resonance. It is currently the best constraint for the low energy constant, d{sub {Delta}.

John Leacock

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

17

Polarization charges and electric quadrupole transitions of yrast terminating bands in {sup 44,46,48}Ti  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The polarization charges in {sup 44,46,48}Ti are studied by the microscopic particle-vibration model and used to investigate the electric quadrupole transitions of the yrast terminating bands. The validity of the commonly used empirical effective charges in the pf shell-model calculations is confirmed. The quadrupole transition probabilities B(E2,I{yields}I-2) and electromagnetic moments are reasonably well reproduced compared with experimental results. It is found that a globally decreasing B(E2) is accompanied with convergence of valence particles into the 1f{sub 7/2} shell when approaching the terminating states. The I=6{sup +} state in {sup 48}Ti shows an exotic behavior with an irregularity of B(E2) and sign change of electromagnetic moments, which is related to a neutron-dominant prolate shape.

Ma Hailiang; Yan Yuliang; Zhang Xizhen [Department of Nuclear Physics, China Institute of Atomic Energy, Post Office Box 275(18), Beijing 102413 (China); Dong Baoguo [Department of Nuclear Physics, China Institute of Atomic Energy, Post Office Box 275(18), Beijing 102413 (China); Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Collision, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

18

Quantum phase transition from triangular to stripe charge order in NbSe[subscript 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The competition between proximate electronic phases produces a complex phenomenology in strongly correlated systems. In particular, fluctuations associated with periodic charge or spin modulations, known as density waves, ...

Hudson, E. W.

19

Energy exchange between a laser beam and charged particles using inverse transition radiation and method for its use  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for exchanging energy between relativistic charged particles and laser radiation using inverse diffraction radiation or inverse transition radiation. The beam of laser light is directed onto a particle beam by means of two optical elements which have apertures or foils through which the particle beam passes. The two apertures or foils are spaced by a predetermined distance of separation and the angle of interaction between the laser beam and the particle beam is set at a specific angle. The separation and angle are a function of the wavelength of the laser light and the relativistic energy of the particle beam. In a diffraction embodiment, the interaction between the laser and particle beams is determined by the diffraction effect due to the apertures in the optical elements. In a transition embodiment, the interaction between the laser and particle beams is determined by the transition effect due to pieces of foil placed in the particle beam path.

Kimura, Wayne D. (Bellevue, WA); Romea, Richard D. (Seattle, WA); Steinhauer, Loren C. (Bothell, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

A New In Situ Method of Determining Relative Abundances and Charge States of Implanted Transition Metals in Individual Grains Using Synchrotron X-Ray Fluorescence  

SciTech Connect

We report on a new in situ method of determining relative abundances and charge states of implanted transition metals in individual grains using synchrotron X-ray fluorescence. In order to determine in situ the relative abundances and charge states of the transition metals in implanted solar wind in individual lunar plagioclase grains, we have developed a new microbeam x-ray fluorescence method using the synchrotron x-ray microprobe at the Advanced Photon Source (GSECARS sector 13) at Argonne National Laboratory.

Kitts, K.; Sutton, S.; Newville, M. (NIU); (UofC)

2007-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Businaro-Gallone transition as observed in complete charge distributions from compound nucleus decay  

SciTech Connect

The compound nucleus emission of fragments covering the entire mass range has been observed in reactions exploiting both ordinary and reverse kinematics. The compound nucleus mechanism has been inferred from full momentum transfer, angular independence of the fragment center of mass kinetic energies and excitation functions. The drastic change in the observed charge distributions as one crosses A approx. = 100 illustrates the effect of the Businaro-Gallone point.

Moretto, L.G.; Wozniak, G.J.; Sobotka, L.G.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Fermi Surface Evolution Across Multiple Charge Density Wave Transitions in ErTe3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Fermi surface (FS) of ErTe{sub 3} is investigated using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). Low temperature measurements reveal two incommensurate charge density wave (CDW) gaps created by perpendicular FS nesting vectors. A large {Delta}{sub 1} = 175 meV gap arising from a CDW with c* - q{sub CDW1} {approx} 0.70(0)c* is in good agreement with the expected value. A second, smaller {Delta}{sub 2} = 50 meV gap is due to a second CDW with a* - q{sub CDW2} {approx} 0.68(5)a*. The temperature dependence of the FS, the two gaps and possible interaction between the CDWs are examined.

Moore, R.G.; /SLAC, SSRL /Stanford U., Geballe Lab.; Brouet, V.; /Orsay, LPS; He, R.; /SLAC, SSRL /Stanford U., Geballe Lab.; Lu, D.H.; /SLAC, SSRL; Ru, N.; Chu, J.-H.; Fisher, I.R.; /Stanford U., Geballe Lab.; Shen, Z.-X.; /SLAC, SSRL /Stanford U., Geballe Lab.

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

23

Relativistic configuration-interaction calculations of the n=3-3 transition energies in highly charged tungsten ions  

SciTech Connect

A large-scale relativistic configuration-interaction calculation of the n=3-3 transition energies for Ne- to Ar-like tungsten is carried out. The calculation is based on the relativistic no-pair Hamiltonian and uses finite B-spline orbitals in a cavity as basis functions. Quantum electrodynamic and mass polarization corrections are also included. Results are compared with other theories and with experiment, and are generally found to be more reliable than previous theoretical predictions.

Chen, M. H.; Cheng, K. T. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

24

Integrated modeling of CO2 storage and leakage scenarios including transitions between super- and sub-critical conditions, and phase change between liquid and gaseous CO2  

SciTech Connect

Storage of CO{sub 2} in saline aquifers is intended to be at supercritical pressure and temperature conditions, but CO{sub 2} leaking from a geologic storage reservoir and migrating toward the land surface (through faults, fractures, or improperly abandoned wells) would reach subcritical conditions at depths shallower than 500-750 m. At these and shallower depths, subcritical CO{sub 2} can form two-phase mixtures of liquid and gaseous CO{sub 2}, with significant latent heat effects during boiling and condensation. Additional strongly non-isothermal effects can arise from decompression of gas-like subcritical CO{sub 2}, the so-called Joule-Thomson effect. Integrated modeling of CO{sub 2} storage and leakage requires the ability to model non-isothermal flows of brine and CO{sub 2} at conditions that range from supercritical to subcritical, including three-phase flow of aqueous phase, and both liquid and gaseous CO{sub 2}. In this paper, we describe and demonstrate comprehensive simulation capabilities that can cope with all possible phase conditions in brine-CO{sub 2} systems. Our model formulation includes: (1) an accurate description of thermophysical properties of aqueous and CO{sub 2}-rich phases as functions of temperature, pressure, salinity and CO{sub 2} content, including the mutual dissolution of CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O; (2) transitions between super- and subcritical conditions, including phase change between liquid and gaseous CO{sub 2}; (3) one-, two-, and three-phase flow of brine-CO{sub 2} mixtures, including heat flow; (4) non-isothermal effects associated with phase change, mutual dissolution of CO{sub 2} and water, and (de-) compression effects; and (5) the effects of dissolved NaCl, and the possibility of precipitating solid halite, with associated porosity and permeability change. Applications to specific leakage scenarios demonstrate that the peculiar thermophysical properties of CO{sub 2} provide a potential for positive as well as negative feedbacks on leakage rates, with a combination of self-enhancing and self-limiting effects. Lower viscosity and density of CO{sub 2} as compared to aqueous fluids provides a potential for self-enhancing effects during leakage, while strong cooling effects from liquid CO{sub 2} boiling into gas, and from expansion of gas rising towards the land surface, act to self-limit discharges. Strong interference between fluid phases under three-phase conditions (aqueous - liquid CO{sub 2} - gaseous CO{sub 2}) also tends to reduce CO{sub 2} fluxes. Feedback on different space and time scales can induce non-monotonic behavior of CO{sub 2} flow rates.

Pruess, K.

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

25

Near quantitative agreement of model free DFT- MD predictions with XAFS observations of the hydration structure of highly charged transition metal ions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DFT-MD simulations (PBE96 and PBE0) with MD-XAFS scattering calculations (FEFF9) show near quantitative agreement with new and existing XAFS measurements for a comprehensive series of transition metal ions which interact with their hydration shells via complex mechanisms (high spin, covalency, charge transfer, etc.). This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is operated for the U.S. DOE by Battelle. A portion of the research was performed using EMSL, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the U.S. DOE's Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

Fulton, John L.; Bylaska, Eric J.; Bogatko, Stuart A.; Balasubramanian, Mahalingam; Cauet, Emilie L.; Schenter, Gregory K.; Weare, John H.

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

26

Effect of the magnetic phase transition on the charge transport in layered semiconductor ferromagnets TlCrS{sub 2} and TlCrSe{sub 2}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TlCrS{sub 2} and TlCrSe{sub 2} crystals were synthesized by solid-state reaction. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that TlCrS{sub 2} and TlCrSe{sub 2} compounds crystallize in the hexagonal crystal system with lattice parameters a = 3.538 A, c = 21.962 A, c/a {approx} 6.207, z = 3; a = 3.6999 A, c = 22.6901 A, c/a {approx} 6.133, z = 3; and X-ray densities {rho}{sub x} = 6.705 and 6.209 g/cm{sup 3}, respectively. Magnetic and electric studies in a temperature range of 77-400 K showed that TlCrS{sub 2} and TlCrSe{sub 2} are semiconductor ferromagnets. Rather large deviations of the experimental effective magnetic moment of TlCrS{sub 2} (3.26 {mu}{sub B}) and TlCrSe{sub 2} (3.05 {mu}{sub B}) from the theoretical one (3.85 {mu}{sub B}) are attributed to two-dimensional magnetic ordering in the paramagnetic region of strongly layered ferromagnets TlCrS{sub 2} and TlCrSe{sub 2}. The effect of the magnetic phase's transition on the charge transport in TlCrS{sub 2} and TlCrSe{sub 2} is detected.

Veliyev, R. G.; Sadikhov, R. Z.; Kerimova, E. M., E-mail: ekerimova@physics.ab.az; Asadov, Yu. G.; Jabbarov, A. I. [Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

27

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Report period: May 1, 2011 through August 31, 2011 Includes all charging units that were in use by the end of the reporting period A charging event is defined as the...

28

Guam Refinery Thermal Cracking/Other (including Gas Oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Guam Refinery Thermal Cracking/Other (including Gas Oil) Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

29

CHARGED POINT DEFECT IN RUTILE TIO2:FROM DEFECT CHARGE DISTRIBUTION TO DEFECT PHONON FREE ENERGY.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The dominant charged point defects in transition metal oxides can change with temperature (T) and oxygen partial pressure (PO2) to control the electrical properties of… (more)

Li, Xin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Experimental observables on nuclear liquid gas phase transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Progress on nuclear liquid gas phase transition (LGPT) or critical behavior has been simply reviewed and some signals of LGPT in heavy ion collisions, especially in NIMROD data, are focused. These signals include the power-law charge distribution, the largest fluctuation of the fragment observables, the nuclear Zipf law, caloric curve and critical exponent analysis etc.

Y. G. Ma

2006-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

31

Charged Metallic Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Usually in Nuclear Physics the minimum of the liquid drop model (LDM) energy occurs at a mass asymmetry which is different from the minimum of shell correction. Charged metallic clusters are ideal emitters of singly ionized trimers because both LDM and shell correction are reaching a minimum for the same mass asymmetry corresponding to the emission of a charged particle with two delocalized electrons. Maximum dissociation energy (Q-value) is obtained for metallic clusters with high surface tension and low Wigner-Seitz radius (transition metals). The Q-values for spheroidal shapes are much larger than for hemispheroids.

Poenaru, D. N.; Gherghescu, R. A. [Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Solov'yov, A. V.; Greiner, W. [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

32

Abundance and Charge State of Implanted Solar Wind Transition Metals in Individual Apollo 16 and 17 Lunar Soil Plagioclase Grains Determined In Situ Using Synchrotron X-ray Fluorescence  

SciTech Connect

We report (1) a new method for determining the relative abundances in situ of Cr, Mn, Fe and Ni in implanted solar wind in individual Apollo 16 and 17 lunar plagioclases via synchrotron X-ray fluorescence and (2) the charge states of these metals. By virture of its mass alone, the Sun provides a representative composition of the solar system and can be used as a background against which to gauge excesses or deficiencies of specific components. One way of sampling the Sun is by measuring solar wind implanted ions in lunar soil grains. Such measurements are valuable because of their long exposure ages which compliment shorter time scale collections, such as those obtained by the Genesis spacecraft. Kitts et al. sought to determine the isotopic composition of solar Cr by analyzing the solar wind implanted into plagioclase grains from Apollo 16 lunar soils. The isotopic composition of the solar wind bearing fraction was anomalous and did not match any other known Cr isotopic signature. This could only be explained by either (1) an enrichment in the solar wind of heavy Cr due to spallation in the solar atmosphere or (2) that the Earth and the various parent bodies of the meteorites are distinct from the Sun and must have formed from slightly different mixes of presolar materials. To help resolve this issue, we have developed a wholly independent method for determining the relative abundances of transition metals in the solar wind implanted in individual lunar soil grains. This method is based on in situ abundance measurements by microbeam x-ray fluorescence in both the implantation zone and bulk grains using the synchrotron x-ray microprobe at the Advanced Photon Source (GSECARS sector 13) at Argonne National Laboratory. Here, we report results for Apollo 16 and 17 plagioclase grains. Additionally, a micro-XANES technique was used to determine charge states of the implanted Cr, Mn, Fe and Ni.

Kitts, K.; Sutton, S.; Newville, M. (NIU); (UofC)

2007-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

33

High dynamic range charge measurements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A charge amplifier for use in radiation sensing includes an amplifier, at least one switch, and at least one capacitor. The switch selectively couples the input of the switch to one of at least two voltages. The capacitor is electrically coupled in series between the input of the amplifier and the input of the switch. The capacitor is electrically coupled to the input of the amplifier without a switch coupled therebetween. A method of measuring charge in radiation sensing includes selectively diverting charge from an input of an amplifier to an input of at least one capacitor by selectively coupling an output of the at least one capacitor to one of at least two voltages. The input of the at least one capacitor is operatively coupled to the input of the amplifier without a switch coupled therebetween. The method also includes calculating a total charge based on a sum of the amplified charge and the diverted charge.

De Geronimo, Gianluigi

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

34

Battery charging control methods, electric vehicle charging methods, battery charging apparatuses and rechargeable battery systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Battery charging control methods, electric vehicle charging methods, battery charging apparatuses and rechargeable battery systems. According to one aspect, a battery charging control method includes accessing information regarding a presence of at least one of a surplus and a deficiency of electrical energy upon an electrical power distribution system at a plurality of different moments in time, and using the information, controlling an adjustment of an amount of the electrical energy provided from the electrical power distribution system to a rechargeable battery to charge the rechargeable battery.

Tuffner, Francis K. (Richland, WA); Kintner-Meyer, Michael C. W. (Richland, WA); Hammerstrom, Donald J. (West Richland, WA); Pratt, Richard M. (Richland, WA)

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

35

Gas turbine combustor transition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for converting a steam cooled transition to an air cooled transition in a gas turbine having a compressor in fluid communication with a combustor, a turbine section in fluid communication with the combustor, the transition disposed in a combustor shell and having a cooling circuit connecting a steam outlet and a steam inlet and wherein hot gas flows from the combustor through the transition and to the turbine section, includes forming an air outlet in the transition in fluid communication with the cooling circuit and providing for an air inlet in the transition in fluid communication with the cooling circuit. 7 figs.

Coslow, B.J.; Whidden, G.L.

1999-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

36

Gas turbine combustor transition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of converting a steam cooled transition to an air cooled transition in a gas turbine having a compressor in fluid communication with a combustor, a turbine section in fluid communication with the combustor, the transition disposed in a combustor shell and having a cooling circuit connecting a steam outlet and a steam inlet and wherein hot gas flows from the combustor through the transition and to the turbine section, includes forming an air outlet in the transition in fluid communication with the cooling circuit and providing for an air inlet in the transition in fluid communication with the cooling circuit.

Coslow, Billy Joe (Winter Park, FL); Whidden, Graydon Lane (Great Blue, CT)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Microsoft Word - SEC J_Appendix C - Contractor's Transition Plan...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

schedule, including milestones and measurable commitments Provide a transition cost estimate for transition activities including costs associated with the transition plan...

38

U.S. Refinery Thermal Cracking, Other (including Gas Oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Refinery Thermal Cracking, Other (including Gas Oil) Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

39

Condition responsive battery charging circuit  

SciTech Connect

A battery charging circuit includes a ferroresonant transformer having a rectified output for providing a constant output voltage to be supplied to a battery to be charged. Battery temperature is sensed providing an input to a control circuit which operates a shunt regulator associated with the ferroresonant transformer to provide battery charge voltage as a function of battery temperature. In response to a high battery temperature the controller functions to lower the output voltage to the battery, and in response to a low battery temperature, operates to provide a higher output voltage, with suitable control for any battery temperature between minus 10* and plus 150* fahrenheit. As the battery approaches full charge and battery acceptance current falls below a predetermined level, a charge cycle termination control allows charging to continue for a period preset by the operator, at the end of which period, line voltage is removed from the charger thereby terminating the charge cycle.

Reidenbach, S.G.

1980-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

40

Charge Depleting:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.5 seconds 0.5 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 18.6 seconds Maximum Speed: 83.2 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 100.6 MPH Charge Sustaining: Acceleration 0-60 MPH Time: 10.6 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 18.6 seconds Maximum Speed: 82.8 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 101.9 MPH Brake Test @ 60 MPH Distance Required: 145.1 ft UDDS Fuel Economy 6 HWFET Fuel Economy 6,10 Distance (miles) Fuel Economy (mpg) AC Energy Consumed (kWh) 7 Distance (miles) Fuel Economy (mpg) AC Energy Consumed (kWh) 7 10 118.5 2.85 10 53.0 1.80 20 116.8 5.49 20 56.6 3.37 40 116.0 10.50 40 58.0 6.38 60 90.7 11.34 60 55.3 9.48 80 76.6 11.34 80 51.4 11.11 100 68.0 11.34 100 47.2 11.13 200 50.9 11.34 200 38.7 11.13 Fuel Economy with A/C Off 1 Cold Start Charge Depleting 2 : Fuel Economy: 119.7 MPG AC kWh Consumed 7 : 0.282 kWh/mi Charge Depleting

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Electric:SpaceCharge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... OOF2: The Manual. Electric:SpaceCharge. Prev, 6.4.1. Material Properties, Next. Name. Electric:SpaceCharge — Spatial charge density. Details. ...

2013-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

42

Charge Depleting:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 seconds 3 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.3 seconds Maximum Speed: 74.3 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 103.4 MPH Charge Sustaining: Acceleration 0-60 MPH Time: 13.4 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.4 seconds Maximum Speed: 74.8 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 104.0 MPH Brake Test @ 60 MPH Distance Required: 153.0 ft UDDS Fuel Economy 6 HWFET Fuel Economy 6 Distance (miles)

43

Charge Depleting:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 seconds 0 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.1 seconds Maximum Speed: 75.7 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 104.9 MPH Charge Sustaining: Acceleration 0-60 MPH Time: 12.8 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.0 seconds Maximum Speed: 75.7 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 105.0 MPH Brake Test @ 60 MPH Distance Required: 126.8 ft UDDS Fuel Economy 6 HWFET Fuel Economy 6 Distance (miles)

44

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report Project Status to Date through: March 2012 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit -...

45

Blasting charge and method  

SciTech Connect

This is a process for setting off a blasting charge employing nitrate explosions in a thick aqueous slurry. There is formed in the bore a blasting charge consisting, in part, of a thick aqueous slurry of dispersed ammonium nitrate particles as the predominant explosive material with or without a lesser amount of sodium, calcium, or other nitrate in like dispersion. In addition, one or more localized or undispersed solid bodies of booster explosive are included in the body of the slurry. Conventional means are used for detonating the booster, such as a blasting cap, an electric blasting cap, or a detonating fuse. The slurry may be formed in the bore or may be preformed and packaged for shipment, the latter being preferable.

Towle, L.W.

1966-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

46

Charge! for Scientists  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charge! for Scientists Charge! for Scientists This show can be adapted for grades 2-8. Materials This equipment is located in the Lederman Science Center. Please talk to Susan Dahl. Balloons PVC pipe and wool Electroscope (glass jar with wire hanging from top and two small pieces of aluminum foil hanging from wire) Van de Graaff generator Bar magnets with opposite ends painted blue and red Circular magnets and pencils Compass Iron filings Battery, wire and nail Things kids can do at home Olga's overheads David Christian's PowerPoint Demos Balloons - Ask for a few volunteers and have them rub a balloon on their head or shirt. PVC pipe and wool - Pour a bunch of pieces of various material onto the table in the front of the room, including pieces of aluminum foil, styrofoam peanuts, paper clips, staples. Have a student rub the wool on the

47

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

period: May 2011 through December 2011 ChargePoint Charging Electricity Charge Unit Usage - Charging Units Events Consumed By State Installed Performed (AC MWh) California 657...

48

Charge state simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The charge state balance (eg, the population of different charge states) inside the EBIT is determined by the balance between the different ...

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

49

Electric Vehicle Public Charging -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Vehicle Public Charging - Time vs. Energy March, 2013 A critical factor for successful PEV adoption is the deployment and use of charging infrastructure in non-...

50

Effect of charging methods on battery electrodes  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the effect of modified charging methods on the structure and behavior of several battery electrodes. These include the alkaline cadmium, zinc, silver oxide and nickel oxide electrodes. Also included are recent results obtained for pasted zinc electrodes and in acidic zinc chloride electrolytes. Modified charging methods can greatly affect electrodes perticularly when the charging reaction involving the nucleation, and growth of a new phase. Many of the observed morphological effects can be a described to nucleation and orientation effects.

McBreen, J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Droplet Charging Effects in the Space Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several applications exist for transiting liquid droplets through the near-Earth space environment. Numerical results are presented for the charging of liquid droplets of trimethyl pentaphenyl siloxane (DC705) in three different plasma environments: ionosphere, auroral, and geosynchronous Earth orbit (GEO). Nominal and high geomagnetic activity cases are investigated. In general, high levels of droplet charging (>100 V) exist only in GEO during periods of high geomagnetic or solar activity. An experiment was conducted to assess the charging of silicon-oil droplets due to photoemission. The photoemission yield in the 120-200 nm wavelength range was found to be approximately 0.06.

Joslyn, Thomas B. [United States Air Force Academy, Department of Astronautics, USAF Academy, CO 80840 (United States); Ketsdever, Andrew D. [University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Colorado, Springs, CO 80918 (United States)

2011-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

52

Battery charging system  

SciTech Connect

A battery charging system designed to charge a battery, especially a nickel-cadmium (Ni-cd) battery from a lead acid power supply without overcharging, and to charge uniformly a plurality of batteries in parallel is described. A non-linear resistance is utilized and is matched to the voltage difference of the power supply battery and the batteries being charged.

Komatsu, K.; Mabuchi, K.

1982-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

53

Battery charging system  

SciTech Connect

A highly efficient battery charging system is described in which the amperehour discharge of the battery is sensed for controlling the battery charging rate. The battery is charged at a relatively high charge rate during a first time period proportional to the extent of battery discharge and at a second lower rate thereafter.

Bilsky, H.W.; Callen, P.J.

1982-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

54

Soldier power. Battery charging.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Soldier power. Marine. Battery charging. Advertising. Remote. SOFC (NanoDynamics, AMI) 60 watts q SOFC #12;

Hong, Deog Ki

55

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

June 2013 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Not Installed to Events Consumed By Region Residential Commercia Public Specified Date Performed...

56

Monte Carlo Comparisons to a Cryogenic Dark Matter Search Detector with Low Transition-Edge-Sensor Transition Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present results on phonon quasidiffusion and Transition Edge Sensor (TES) studies in a large, 3-inch diameter, 1-inch thick [100] high purity germanium crystal, cooled to 50 mK in the vacuum of a dilution refrigerator, and exposed with 59.5 keV gamma-rays from an Am-241 calibration source. We compare calibration data with results from a Monte Carlo which includes phonon quasidiffusion and the generation of phonons created by charge carriers as they are drifted across the detector by ionization readout channels. The phonon energy is then parsed into TES based phonon readout channels and input into a TES simulator.

Leman, S.W.; McCarthy, K.A.; /MIT, MKI; Brink, P.L.; Cabrera, B.; Cherry, M.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Silva, E.Do Couto E; /SLAC; Figueroa-Feliciano, E.; /MIT, MKI; Kim, P.; /SLAC; Mirabolfathi, N.; /UC, Berkeley; Pyle, M.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Resch, R.; /SLAC; Sadoulet, B.; Serfass, B.; Sundqvist, K.M.; /UC, Berkeley; Tomada, A.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Young, B.A.; /Santa Clara U.

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

57

Electrically charged pulsars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

n the present work we investigate one possible variation on the usual electrically neutral pulsars: the inclusion of electric charge. We study the effect of electric charge in pulsars assuming that the charge distribution is proportional to the energy density. All calculations were performed for zero temperature and fixed entropy equations of state.

M. D. Alloy; D. P. Menezes

2007-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

58

Electrically charged pulsars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

n the present work we investigate one possible variation on the usual electrically neutral pulsars: the inclusion of electric charge. We study the effect of electric charge in pulsars assuming that the charge distribution is proportional to the energy density. All calculations were performed for zero temperature and fixed entropy equations of state.

Alloy, M D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

The character of resonant charge exchange involving highly excited atoms  

SciTech Connect

We study the process of resonant charge exchange involving excited helium atoms with the principal quantum number n = 5 colliding with the helium ion in the ground state in the collision energy range from thermal up to 10 eV. This information may be important for the analysis of planet atmospheres containing helium, in particular, for Jupiter's atmosphere, but our basic interest is the transition from the quantum to classical description of this process, where, due to large cross sections, evaluations of the cross sections are possible. For the chosen process, quantum theory allows determining the cross section as a result of a tunnel electron transition, while classical theory accounts for over-barrier electron transitions. The classical theory additionally requires effective transitions between states with close energies. The analysis of these transitions for helium with n = 5 shows that electron momenta and their projections are mixed for a part of the states, while for other states, the mixing is absent. A simple criterion to separate such states is given. In addition, the main contribution to the cross section of resonant charge exchange follows from tunnel electron transitions. As a result, the quantum theory is better for calculating the cross sections of resonant charge exchange than the classical one and also allows finding the partial cross sections of resonant charge exchange, while the classical approach gives the cross section of resonant charge exchange in a simple manner with the accuracy of 20%.

Kosarim, A. V.; Smirnov, B. M., E-mail: bmsmirnov@gmail.com [Russian Academy of Sciences, Joint Institute for High Temperatures (Russian Federation); Capitelli, M. [University of Bari, Department of Chemistry (Italy); Laricchiuta, A. [IMIP CNR, Sezione Territoriale di Bari (Italy)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

60

Proximity charge sensing for semiconductor detectors  

SciTech Connect

A non-contact charge sensor includes a semiconductor detector having a first surface and an opposing second surface. The detector includes a high resistivity electrode layer on the first surface and a low resistivity electrode on the high resistivity electrode layer. A portion of the low resistivity first surface electrode is deleted to expose the high resistivity electrode layer in a portion of the area. A low resistivity electrode layer is disposed on the second surface of the semiconductor detector. A voltage applied between the first surface low resistivity electrode and the second surface low resistivity electrode causes a free charge to drift toward the first or second surface according to a polarity of the free charge and the voltage. A charge sensitive preamplifier coupled to a non-contact electrode disposed at a distance from the exposed high resistivity electrode layer outputs a signal in response to movement of free charge within the detector.

Luke, Paul N; Tindall, Craig S; Amman, Mark

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Connecticut Transit (CTTRANSIT) Fuel Cell Transit Bus: Preliminary Evaluation Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides preliminary results from a National Renewable Energy Laboratory evaluation of a protoptye fuel cell transit bus operating at Connecticut Transit in Hartford. Included are descriptions of the planned fuel cell bus demonstration and equipment; early results and agency experience are also provided.

Chandler, K.; Eudy, L.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Asymptotic Expressions for Charge Matrix Elements of the Fluxonium Circuit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In charge-coupled circuit QED systems, transition amplitudes and dispersive shifts are governed by the matrix elements of the charge operator. For the fluxonium circuit, these matrix elements are not limited to nearest-neighbor energy levels and are conveniently tunable by magnetic flux. Previously, their values were largely obtained numerically. Here, we present analytical expressions for the fluxonium charge matrix elements. We show that new selection rules emerge in the asymptotic limit of large Josephson energy and small inductive energy. We illustrate the usefulness of our expressions for the qualitative understanding of charge matrix elements in the parameter regime probed by previous experiments.

Zhu, Guanyu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

A semi-continuous state-transition probability HMM-based voice activity detector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce an efficient hidden Markov model-based voice activity detection (VAD) algorithm with time-variant state-transition probabilities in the underlying Markov chain. The transition probabilities vary in an exponential charge/discharge scheme ...

H. Othman; T. Aboulnasr

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Weakly Charged Cationic Nanoparticles Induce DNA Bending and Strand Separation  

SciTech Connect

The understanding of interactions between double stranded (ds) DNA and charged nanoparticles will have a broad bearing on many important applications from drug delivery [ 1 4 ] to DNAtemplated metallization. [ 5 , 6 ] Cationic nanoparticles (NPs) can bind to DNA, a negatively charged molecule, through a combination of electrostatic attraction, groove binding, and intercalation. Such binding events induce changes in the conformation of a DNA strand. In nature, DNA wraps around a cylindrical protein assembly (diameter and height of 6 nm) [ 7 ] with an 220 positive charge, [ 8 ] creating the complex known as chromatin. Wrapping and bending of DNA has also been achieved in the laboratory through the binding of highly charged species such as molecular assemblies, [ 9 , 10 ] cationic dendrimers, [ 11 , 12 ] and nanoparticles. [ 13 15 ] The charge of a nanoparticle plays a crucial role in its ability to induce DNA structural changes. If a nanoparticle has a highly positive surface charge density, the DNA is likely to wrap and bend upon binding to the nanoparticle [ 13 ] (as in the case of chromatin). On the other hand, if a nanoparticle is weakly charged it will not induce dsDNA compaction. [ 9 , 10 , 15 ] Consequently, there is a transition zone from extended to compact DNA conformations which depends on the chemical nature of the nanoparticle and occurs for polycations with charges between 5 and 10. [ 9 ] While the interactions between highly charged NPs and DNA have been extensively studied, the processes that occur within the transition zone are less explored.

Railsback, Justin [North Carolina State University; Singh, Abhishek [North Carolina State University; Pearce, Ryan [North Carolina State University; McKnight, Timothy E [ORNL; Collazo, Ramon [North Carolina State University; Sitar, Zlatko [ORNL; Yingling, Yaroslava [North Carolina State University; Melechko, Anatoli Vasilievich [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Electric Charge in Interaction with Magnetically Charged Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the angular momentum of an electric charge e placed at rest outside a dilaton black hole with magnetic charge Q. The electromagnetic angular momentum which is stored in the electromagnetic field outside the black hole shows several common features regardless of the dilaton coupling strength, though the dilaton black holes are drastically different in their spacetime structure depending on it. First, the electromagnetic angular momentum depends on the separation distance between the two objects and changes monotonically from eQ to 0 as the charge goes down from infinity to the horizon, if rotational effects of the black hole are discarded. Next, as the black hole approaches extremality, however, the electromagnetic angular momentum tends to be independent of the distance between the two objects. It is then precisely $eQ$ as in the electric charge and monopole system in flat spacetime. We discuss why these effects are exhibited and argue that the above features are to hold in widely generic settings including black hole solutions in theories with more complicated field contents, by addressing the no hair theorem for black holes and the phenomenon of field expulsion exhibited by extremal black holes.

J. H. Kim; Sei-Hoon Moon

2007-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

66

Charge transfer reactions in nematic liquid crystals  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ultrafast transient absorption studies of intramolecular photoinduced charge separation and thermal charge recombination were carried out on a molecule consisting of a 4-(N-pyrrolidino)naphthalene-1,8-imide donor (PNI) covalently attached to a pyromellitimide acceptor (PI) dissolved in the liquid crystal 4{prime}-(n-pentyl)-4-cyanobiphenyl (5CB). The temperature dependencies of the charge separation and recombination rates were obtained at temperatures above the nematic-isotropic phase transition of 5CB, where ordered microdomains exist and scattering of visible light by these domains is absent. The authors show that excited state charge separation is dominated by molecular reorientation of 5CB perpendicular to the director within the liquid crystal microdomains. They also show that charge recombination is adiabatic and is controlled by the comparatively slow collective reorientation of the liquid crystal microdomains relative to the orientation of PNI{sup +}-PI{sup {minus}}. They also report the results of time resolved electron paramagnetic resonance (TREPR) studies of photoinduced charge separation in a series of supramolecular compounds dissolved in oriented liquid crystal solvents. These studies permit the determination of the radical pair energy levels as the solvent reorganization energy increases from the low temperature crystalline phase, through the soft glass phase, to the nematic phase of the liquid crystal.

Wiederrecht, G.P. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemistry Div.; Wasielewski, M.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemistry Div.]|[Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Galili, T.; Levanon, H. [Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem (Israel). Dept. of Physical Chemistry

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

System Benefits Charge  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

New York's system benefits charge (SBC), established in 1996 by the New York Public Service Commission (PSC), supports energy efficiency, education and outreach, research and development, and low...

68

Linear Thermite Charge  

The Linear Thermite Charge (LTC) is designed to rapidly cut through concrete and steel structural components by using extremely high temperature thermite reactions jetted through a linear nozzle. 

69

A study of signal generation and charge collection in a-Si:H diodes for radiation imaging  

SciTech Connect

Its high radiation resistivity and large-area capability are the expected advantages of this material together with its ability to provide a front-end readout electronics in the vicinity of the sensor element. Electrons and holes created by incoming charged particles, X-rays, {gamma} rays, are drifted by the electric field inside a-Si:H diodes and this carrier movement induces signal charges on electrodes. Charge collection and signal generation process are analyzed in terms of carrier mobilities, lifetimes and electric field. Charge collection in thick a-Si:H diodes is often limited by deep-level trapping of carriers during transit and a finite charge integration time required for single particle counting in some applications and sometimes by volume recombination of carriers for detecting heavily-ionizing particles such as {alpha} particles. The charge collection process is also strongly affected by the non-uniform electric field profiles in a-Si:H diodes caused by the fixed space charges inside the material under reverse-bias. Signal generation due to a weak light pulse irradiating each end of a thick diode is measured as a function of a reverse-bias and it gives a valuable information about the fixed space charges. Field profiles can be manipulated by either doping, electrode geometry, or combination of both to improve the charge collection process. One can apply a higher reverse-bias on a diode with an equivalent thickness by providing buffer layers at each end of the diode and thus suppressing soft breakdown phenomena. X-ray detection with a good sensitivity is demonstrated by an a-Si:H photodiode coupled to an evaporated CsI scintillator. The scintillation quality of evaporated CsI layers can be made almost identical to its single crystal counterpart. Fields of a-Si:H radiation detector application include high energy physics, medical imaging, materials science and life science. 78 refs., 68 figs., 11 tabs.

Fujieda, I.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Alternative Fuels at AC Transit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alternative Fuels at AC Transit Alternative Fuels at AC Transit Speaker(s): Jaimie Levin Date: November 1, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Eve Edelson Mr. Levin will discuss AC Transit's range of environmental technology initiatives, including: zero emission fuel cell transit buses; state-of-the-art, high-capacity, hydrogen fueling stations; solar energy systems; and stationary solid oxide fuel cell power generators. AC Transit has the largest fleet of fuel cell buses in the United States, featuring fuel cell systems with more than 10,000 hours of continuous operation without any failures or power degradation. Their fuel cell fleet has logged more than 400,000 miles of service and carried in excess of one million passengers. Come hear what AC Transit has learned, where they're headed,

71

Optimal deployment of charging stations for electric vehicular networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a smart city environment, we look at a new, upcoming generation of vehicles running on electric power supplied by on-board batteries. Best recharging options include charging at home, as well as charging at public areas. In this setting, electric ... Keywords: charging infrastructure deployment, electric vehicles, urban mobility modeling, vanets

Andrea Hess; Francesco Malandrino; Moritz Bastian Reinhardt; Claudio Casetti; Karin Anna Hummel; Jose M. Barceló-Ordinas

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Appendix F Cultural Resources, Including  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appendix F Appendix F Cultural Resources, Including Section 106 Consultation STATE OF CALIFORNIA - THE RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN, JR., Governor OFFICE OF HISTORIC PRESERVATION DEPARTMENT OF PARKS AND RECREATION 1725 23 rd Street, Suite 100 SACRAMENTO, CA 95816-7100 (916) 445-7000 Fax: (916) 445-7053 calshpo@parks.ca.gov www.ohp.parks.ca.gov June 14, 2011 Reply in Reference To: DOE110407A Angela Colamaria Loan Programs Office Environmental Compliance Division Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave SW, LP-10 Washington, DC 20585 Re: Topaz Solar Farm, San Luis Obispo County, California Dear Ms. Colamaria: Thank you for seeking my consultation regarding the above noted undertaking. Pursuant to 36 CFR Part 800 (as amended 8-05-04) regulations implementing Section

73

Electronically shielded solid state charged particle detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electronically shielded solid state charged particle detector system having enhanced radio frequency interference immunity includes a detector housing with a detector entrance opening for receiving the charged particles. A charged particle detector having an active surface is disposed within the housing. The active surface faces toward the detector entrance opening for providing electrical signals representative of the received charged particles when the received charged particles are applied to the active surface. A conductive layer is disposed upon the active surface. In a preferred embodiment, a nonconductive layer is disposed between the conductive layer and the active surface. The conductive layer is electrically coupled to the detector housing to provide a substantially continuous conductive electrical shield surrounding the active surface. The inner surface of the detector housing is supplemented with a radio frequency absorbing material such as ferrite.

Balmer, D.K.; Haverty, T.W.; Nordin, C.W.; Tyree, W.H.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

74

Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 01/13/14 7.83 7.76 7.90 8.91 8.76 8.11 3.68 01/06/14 8.00 7.78 7.94 8.92 8.74 8.09 3.69 12/30/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.68 12/23/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.63 12/16/13 7.86 7.79 8.05 9.00 8.78 8.08 3.61 12/9/13 7.95 7.81 8.14 8.99 8.80 8.12 3.63 12/2/13 7.91 7.68 8.07 8.85 8.68 8.08 3.64 11/25/13 7.69 7.61 8.07 8.77 8.63 7.97 3.65 11/18/13 7.99 7.54 8.00 8.70 8.57 7.92 3.57 11/11/13 7.63 7.44 7.79 8.63 8.46 7.85 3.55 11/4/13 7.70 7.51 7.98 8.70 8.59 7.86 3.61 10/28/13 8.02 7.74 8.08 8.96 8.79 8.04 3.64 10/21/13 7.91 7.71 8.11 8.94 8.80 8.05 3.70 10/14/13 7.88 7.62 8.05 8.87 8.74 7.97 3.69

75

Environmental policy in transition economies : the effectiveness of pollution changes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most economists and analysts claim that extended use of pollution charges in environmental policy will have substantial efficiency advantages in countries undergoing transition to market economies. Essentially this paper ...

Söderholm, Patrik

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Rechargeable battery with separate charging terminal contact ring  

SciTech Connect

A generally cylindrical rechargeable battery is provided leaving a pair of power terminals for delivering energy to an energy-using device. The battery further includes a charging terminal contact spaced apart from the power terminals and extending substantially around the circumference of the battery whereby charging contact on the battery may engage a corresponding charging contact in the energy-using device to charge the battery in all rotational positions of the battery.

Beachy, R. W.

1984-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

77

Electrically charged compact stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review here the classical argument used to justify the electrical neutrality of stars and show that if the pressure and density of the matter and gravitational field inside the star are large, then a charge and a strong electric field can be present. For a neutron star with high pressure (~ 10^{33} to 10^{35} dynes /cm^2) and strong gravitational field (~ 10^{14} cm/s^2), these conditions are satisfied. The hydrostatic equation which arises from general relativity, is modified considerably to meet the requirements of the inclusion of the charge. In order to see any appreciable effect on the phenomenology of the neutron stars, the charge and the electrical fields have to be huge (~ 10^{21} Volts/cm). These stars are not however stable from the viewpoint that each charged particle is unbound to the uncharged particles, and thus the system collapses one step further to a charged black hole

Subharthi Ray; Manuel Malheiro; Jose' P. S. Lemos; Vilson T. Zanchin

2006-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

78

Auxiliary battery charging terminal  

SciTech Connect

In accordance with the present invention there is provided an auxiliary battery charging terminal that may selectively engage battery charging circuitry inside a portable radio pager. There is provided a current conducting cap having a downwardly and outwardly flared rim that deforms to lock under the crimped edge an insulating seal ring of a standard rechargeable cell by application of a compressive axial force. The auxiliary battery charging terminal is further provided with a central tip axially projecting upwardly from the cap. The auxiliary terminal may be further provided with a cap of reduced diameter to circumferentially engage the raised battery cathode terminal on the battery cell. A mating recess in a remote battery charging receptacle may receive the tip to captivate the battery cell against lateral displacement. The tip may be further provided with a rounded apex to relieve localized frictional forces upon insertion and removal of the battery cell from the remote battery charging receptacle.

Field, H.; Richter, R. E.

1985-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

79

Stripe Disordering Transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We have recently begun Monte Carlo simulations of the dynamics of stripe phases in the cuprates. A simple model of spinodal decomposition of the holes allows us to incorporate Coulomb repulsion and coherency strains. We find evidence for a possible stripe disordering transition, at a temperature below the pseudogap onset. Experimental searches for such a transition can provide constraints for models of stripe formation. The relationship between stripe phases and the pseudogap in underdoped cuprates is not well understood. In our model [1–3] the pseudogap is primary. It represents an instability of the hole Fermi liquid driven by Van Hove nesting [4]. However, there is a competition of instabilities, with an antiferromagnet (or flux phase [5–7]) at half filling and a charge-density wave (CDW) at the bare Van Hove singularity (VHS) near optimal doping. This competition leads to a classical phase separation of the holes – two minima in the free energy [8,1]. This is restricted to a nanoscopic scale by long-range Coulomb effects, leading to phases similar to the experimentally observed stripe phases [9].

R. S. Markiewicz; M. T. Vaughn

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Nonadiabatic charged spherical gravitational collapse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a complete set of the equations and matching conditions required for the description of physically meaningful charged, dissipative, spherically symmetric gravitational collapse with shear. Dissipation is described with both free-streaming and diffusion approximations. The effects of viscosity are also taken into account. The roles of different terms in the dynamical equation are analyzed in detail. The dynamical equation is coupled to a causal transport equation in the context of Israel-Stewart theory. The decrease of the inertial mass density of the fluid, by a factor which depends on its internal thermodynamic state, is reobtained, with the viscosity terms included. In accordance with the equivalence principle, the same decrease factor is obtained for the gravitational force term. The effect of the electric charge on the relation between the Weyl tensor and the inhomogeneity of the energy density is discussed.

Di Prisco, A.; Herrera, L. [Escuela de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas (Venezuela); Le Denmat, G. [Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, CNRS/UMR 8112, LERMA/ERGA, Boite 142, 4 Place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Observatoire de Paris (France); MacCallum, M. A. H. [School of Mathematical Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom); Santos, N. O. [School of Mathematical Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom); Laboratorio Nacional de Computacao Cientifica, 25651-070 Petropolis, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Photon: history, mass, charge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The talk consists of three parts. ``History'' briefly describes the emergence and evolution of the concept of photon during the first two decades of the 20th century. ``Mass'' gives a short review of the literature on the upper limit of the photon's mass. ``Charge'' is a critical discussion of the existing interpretation of searches for photon charge. Schemes, in which all photons are charged, are grossly inconsistent. A model with three kinds of photons (positive, negative and neutral) seems at first sight to be more consistent, but turns out to have its own serious problems.

L. B. Okun

2006-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

82

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Availability: Range of Charging Units with a Vehicle Connected versus Time of Day Percentage Max percentage of charging units connected across all days Inner-quartile range of...

83

taking charge : optimizing urban charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis analyses the opportunities and constraints of deploying charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles in urban environments. Existing electric vehicle charging infrastructure for privately owned vehicles ...

Subramani, Praveen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

"Renewable Energy Transition and International Climate Cooperation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Renewable Energy Transition and International Climate Cooperation: The German Experience" Jürgen at Urbana-Champaign. His research and teaching interests include: energy security, climate change

Sheridan, Jennifer

85

Black hole phase transitions in Horava-Lifshitz gravity  

SciTech Connect

We study black hole phase transitions in (deformed) Horava-Lifshitz (H-L) gravity, including the charged/uncharged topological black holes and KS black hole. Stability analysis and state space geometry are both used. We find interesting phase structures in these black holes, some of the properties are never observed in Einstein gravity. Particularly, the stability properties of black holes in H-L gravity with small radius change dramatically, which can be considered as a leak of information about the small scale behavior of spacetime. A new black hole local phase transition in H-L gravity which cannot be revealed by thermodynamical metrics has been found. There is an infinite discontinuity at the specific heat curve for charged black hole in H-L gravity with hyperbolic event horizon. However, this discontinuity does not have a corresponding curvature singularity of thermodynamical metrics. Our results may provide new insights towards a better understanding of the H-L gravity, as well as black hole thermodynamics.

Cao Qiaojun; Chen Yixin; Shao Kainan [Zhejiang Institute of Modern Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310027 (China)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

86

Primitive Virtual Negative Charge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical fields, such as gravity and electromagnetic field, are interpreted as results from rearrangement of vacuum particles to get the equilibrium of net charge density and net mass density in 4-dimensional complex space. Then, both fields should interact to each other in that physical interaction is considered as a field-to-field interaction. Hence, Mass-Charge interaction is introduced with primitive-virtual negative charge defined for the mass. With the concept of Mass-Charge interaction electric equilibrium of the earth is discussed, especially about the electric field and magnetic field of the earth. For unsettled phenomena related with the earth's gravity, such as antigravity phenomenon, gravity anomalies during the solar eclipses, the connection between geomagnetic storms and earthquakes, etc., possible explanations are discussed.

Kim, Kiyoung

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Primitive Virtual Negative Charge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical fields, such as gravity and electromagnetic field, are interpreted as results from rearrangement of vacuum particles to get the equilibrium of net charge density and net mass density in 4-dimensional complex space. Then, both fields should interact to each other in that physical interaction is considered as a field-to-field interaction. Hence, Mass-Charge interaction is introduced with primitive-virtual negative charge defined for the mass. With the concept of Mass-Charge interaction electric equilibrium of the earth is discussed, especially about the electric field and magnetic field of the earth. For unsettled phenomena related with the earth's gravity, such as antigravity phenomenon, gravity anomalies during the solar eclipses, the connection between geomagnetic storms and earthquakes, etc., possible explanations are discussed.

Kiyoung Kim

2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

88

International aeronautical user charges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: 1.1 BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATION Very few issues relating to the international air transportation industry are today as divisive as those pertaining to user charges imposed at international airports and enroute ...

Odoni, Amedeo R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

The Modification of Joint Size-Charge Distribution in Rain. Part II: Computations Involving Partial Coalescence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Raindrop collisional breakup is included in a model of joint size-charge distribution development. Consistent with experimental observations the model includes a finite filament (joining separating drops) that upon rupture produces charged ...

S. G. Bradley; C. D. Stow

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Phase controlled rectifier circuit for rapidly charging batteries  

SciTech Connect

An improved battery charger circuit for rapidly charging a battery by increasing the rate of battery charge acceptance through periodic battery discharge during the charging process includes a pair of first and second controlled rectifier circuits coupled to an ac source and adapted for coupling to a battery. The first controlled rectifier circuit is rendered conductive during the charging intervals to supply the battery with charge current from the ac source. The second controlled rectifier circuit is rendered conductive during battery discharge intervals to discharge the battery in a substantially lossless manner by conducting battery discharge current through the ac source, thus realizing a highly efficient battery charger.

Steigerwald, R. L.

1981-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

91

Nonisothermal Multifluid Transition to Equilibrium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nonisothermal Multifluid Transition to Equilibrium Nonisothermal Multifluid Transition to Equilibrium Processes of interest to the simulation of CH 4 production from gas hydrates in porous media include multifluid flow and heat transport along with complex phase transitions, including hydrate dissociation and formation. Before executing problems with the additional complexities involved with the gas hydrate phase, a base case problem has been designed to examine the numerical simulation of multifluid flow and heat transport processes with a single phase transition from aqueous saturated to unsaturated conditions for a water-CH 4 system outside the stability region for gas hydrate formation. The problem involves a horizontal one-dimensional closed domain (no flow boundary conditions), initialized with gradients in aqueous pressure, gas

92

Zipf's Law in the Liquid Gas Phase Transition of Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zipf's law in the field of linguistics is tested in the nuclear disassembly within the framework of isospin dependent lattice gas model. It is found that the average cluster charge (or mass) of rank $n$ in the charge (or mass) list shows exactly inversely to its rank, i.e., there exists Zipf's law, at the phase transition temperature. This novel criterion shall be helpful to search the nuclear liquid gas phase transition experimentally and theoretically. In addition, the finite size scaling of the effective phase transition temperature at which the Zipf's law appears is studied for several systems with different mass and the critical exponents of $\

Y. G. Ma

2000-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

93

Nuclear effects in atomic transitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atomic electrons are sensitive to the properties of the nucleus they are bound to, such as nuclear mass, charge distribution, spin, magnetization distribution, or even excited level scheme. These nuclear parameters are reflected in the atomic transition energies. A very precise determination of atomic spectra may thus reveal information about the nucleus, otherwise hardly accessible via nuclear physics experiments. This work reviews theoretical and experimental aspects of the nuclear effects that can be identified in atomic structure data. An introduction to the theory of isotope shifts and hyperfine splitting of atomic spectra is given, together with an overview of the typical experimental techniques used in high-precision atomic spectroscopy. More exotic effects at the borderline between atomic and nuclear physics, such as parity violation in atomic transitions due to the weak interaction, or nuclear polarization and nuclear excitation by electron capture, are also addressed.

Pálffy, Adriana

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

EV Charging Infrastructure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charging Infrastructure Charging Infrastructure JOHN DAVIS: Virtually anywhere in the U.S. you can bring light to a room with the flick of a finger. We take it for granted, but creating the national electric grid to make that possible took decades to accomplish. Now, in just a few years, we've seen the birth of a new infrastructure that allows electric vehicles to quickly recharge their batteries at home, work, or wherever they may roam. But this rapid growth has come with a few growing pains. Starting with less than 500 in 2009, there are now over 19,000 public-access charging outlets available to electric vehicles owners at commuter lots, parking garages, airports, retail areas and thousands of

95

Aggregation in Charged Nano Suspensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to control aggregation phenomena in suspensions of nanoparticles, one often charges the particles electrically, e.g. by triboelectric charging. Stabilization of suspensions against aggregation of particles is an important issue, which may be realized by monopolar charging, where particles repel each other. Contrarily, bipolar charging may be used in coating processes, where smaller particles of one material coat larger particles of another material. When the two particle fractions are charged oppositely, aggregation between equally charged particles is hindered whereas aggregation between oppositely charged particles is preferred, thereby improving the coating process. We study various aspects of these two situations by theoretical investigations and computer simulations.

J. H. Werth; S. M. Dammer; H. A. Knudsen; H. Hinrichsen; D. E. Wolf

2005-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

96

Studies on relative effects of charged and neutral defects in hydrogenated amorphous silicon  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report covers the third year of a continuing research study to understand the relative importance of charged and neutral defects in amorphous silicon. The objective of the study is to explore the electronic structure, including neutral and charged defects, an optoelectronic effects including the formation of Staebler-Wronski defects. The study concentrated on exploring electroluminescence experimentally and interpreting the results employing a simple guiding model. The simple guiding model assumes an exponential density of states and recombination rate constants (radiative and non-radiative) which are governed by hopping transitions. Measurements were also made as a function of photodegradation of the material. The results implicate that the radiative recombination processes are not distant pair tunneling but rather results from electrons hopping down due to the coulomb interactions. Preliminary experiments have been made on the effect of photodegradation on transient space charge limited currents in n/i/n structures. These experiments can directly yield information on the occupied defects centers induced by the photodegradation and are not a result of recombination processes. To date the results seems to be consistent with a picture which places the doubly occupied defects at quite a high energy ({approx equal} 0.4 e.v. below the conduction band).

Silver, M. (North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill, NC (United States))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Charged Vacuum Bubble Stability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A type of scenario is considered where electrically charged vacuum bubbles, formed from degenerate or nearly degenerate vacuua separated by a thin domain wall, are cosmologically produced due to the breaking of a discrete symmetry, with the bubble charge arising from fermions residing within the domain wall. Stability issues associated with wall tension, fermion gas, and Coulombic effects for such configurations are examined. The stability of a bubble depends upon parameters such as the symmetry breaking scale and the fermion coupling. A dominance of either the Fermi gas or the Coulomb contribution may be realized under certain conditions, depending upon parameter values.

J. R. Morris

1998-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

98

Definition: Electric Vehicle Charging Station | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vehicle Charging Station Vehicle Charging Station Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electric Vehicle Charging Station An electric vehicle charging station that uses communications technology to enable it to intelligently integrate two-way power flow enabling electric vehicle batteries to become a useful utility asset.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition An electric vehicle charging station, also called EV charging station, electric recharging point, charging point and EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment), is an element in an infrastructure that supplies electric energy for the recharging of plug-in electric vehicles, including all-electric cars, neighborhood electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids. As plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and battery electric vehicle ownership is

99

Evaluating Rail Transit Criticism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report evaluates criticism of rail transit systems. It examines claims that rail transit is ineffective at increasing public transit ridership and improving transportation system performance, that rail transit investments are not cost effective, and that transit is an outdated form of transportation. It finds that critics often misrepresent issues and use biased and inaccurate analysis. This is a companion to the report Rail Transit in

Todd Litman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Symmetry Breaking Phase Transitions in ABJM Theory with a Finite U(1) Chemical Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the U(1) charged sector of ABJM theory at finite temperature, which corresponds to the Reissner-Nordstrom AdS black hole in the dual type IIA supergravity description. Including back-reaction to the bulk geometry, we show that phase transitions occur to a broken phase where SU(4) R-symmetry of the field theory is broken spontaneously by the condensation of dimension one or two operators. We show both numerically and analytically that the relevant critical exponents for the dimension one operator agree precisely with those of mean field theory in the strongly coupled regime of the large N planar limit.

Dongsu Bak; Kyung Kiu Kim; Sangheon Yun

2010-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Building bus rapid transit into the existing public transit system : competition and integration of BRT and the Urban Rail Transit in cities in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BRT is a new type of bus transit with high speed and capacity. With its advantages and benefits, BRT is getting popular in the world, including China. Since BRT and urban rail transit (URT) are both rapid public transports, ...

Zhan, Yun, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

309 Building transition plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The preparation for decontamination and decommissioning (transition) of the 309 Building is projected to be completed by the end of the fiscal year (FY) 1998. The major stabilization and decontamination efforts include the Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor (PRTR), fuel storage and transfer pits, Transfer Waste (TW) tanks and the Ion Exchange Vaults. In addition to stabilizing contaminated areas, equipment, components, records, waste products, etc., will be dispositioned. All nonessential systems, i.e., heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC), electrical, monitoring, fluids, etc., will be shut down and drained/de-energized. This will allow securing of the process, laboratory, and office areas of the facility. After that, the facility will be operated at a level commensurate with its surveillance needs while awaiting D&D. The implementation costs for FY 1995 through FY 1998 for the transition activities are estimated to be $1,070K, $2,115K, $2,939K, and $4,762K, respectively. Costs include an assumed company overhead of 20% and a 30% out year contingency.

Graves, C.E.

1994-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

103

A Stable Massive Charged Particle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the possibility of the existence of a stable massive charged particle by a minimal extension of the standard model particle content. Absolute stability in the case of singly charged particle is not possible if the usual doublet Higgs exists, unless a discrete symmetry is imposed.But a doubly charged particle is absolutely stable.

G. Rajasekaran

2011-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

104

Transition metal sulfide loaded catalyst  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A zeolite-based catalyst is described for activation and conversion of methane. A zeolite support includes a transition metal (Mo, Cr or W) sulfide disposed within the micropores of the zeolite. The catalyst allows activation and conversion of methane to C[sub 2]+ hydrocarbons in a reducing atmosphere, thereby avoiding formation of oxides of carbon.

Maroni, V.A.; Iton, L.E.; Pasterczyk, J.W.; Winterer, M.; Krause, T.R.

1994-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

105

Transition metal sulfide loaded catalyst  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A zeolite based catalyst for activation and conversion of methane. A zeolite support includes a transition metal (Mo, Cr or W) sulfide disposed within the micropores of the zeolite. The catalyst allows activation and conversion of methane to C.sub.2 + hydrocarbons in a reducing atmosphere, thereby avoiding formation of oxides of carbon.

Maroni, Victor A. (Naperville, IL); Iton, Lennox E. (Downers Grove, IL); Pasterczyk, James W. (Westmont, IL); Winterer, Markus (Westmont, IL); Krause, Theodore R. (Lisle, IL)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Integral charged particle nuclear data bibliography  

SciTech Connect

This publication is the annual supplement to the first edition published in 1984. The primary goal of this publication has been to satisfy the need expressed by the Nuclear Reaction Data Center Network for a concise and comprehensive bibliography of integral charged--particle cross section data. Included in this paper is a partial list of other bibliographies relevant to charged-particle-induced reaction data and a source list of nuclear data bibliographies, complications, and cumulative, earlier versions are also shown in the tables. This publication makes use of a modification to the database of the Nuclear Structure References (NSR) file. This modification allows the retrieval of integral charged particle nuclear data entries from the NSR file. In recent years, the presentation of various sections was changed, as a result of users' suggestions. The authors continue to welcome users' comments.

Holden, N.E.; Ramavataram, S.

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Science Accelerator content now includes multimedia  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Science Accelerator content now includes multimedia Science Accelerator has expanded its suite of collections to include ScienceCinema, which contains videos produced by the U.S....

108

System and method for charging electrochemical cells in series  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A battery charging system capable of equalizing the charge of each individual cell at a selected full charge voltage includes means for regulating charger current to first increase current at a constant rate until a bulk charging level is achieved or until any cell reaches a safe reference voltage. A system controller then begins to decrease the charging rate as long as any cell exceeds the reference voltage until an equalization current level is reached. At this point, the system controller activates a plurality of shunt modules to permit shunting of current around any cell having a voltage exceeding the reference voltage. Leads extending between the battery of cells and shunt modules are time shared to permit alternate shunting of current and voltage monitoring without the voltage drop caused by the shunt current. After each cell has at one time exceeded the reference voltage, the charging current is terminated.

DeLuca, William H. (Naperville, IL); Hornstra, Jr, Fred (St. Charles, IL); Gelb, George H. (Rancho Palos Verdes, CA); Berman, Baruch (Rancho Palos Verdes, CA); Moede, Larry W. (Manhattan Beach, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Charging system and method for multicell storage batteries  

SciTech Connect

A battery-charging system includes a first charging circuit connected in series with a plurality of battery cells for controlled current charging. A second charging circuit applies a controlled voltage across each individual cell for equalization of the cells to the fully charged condition. This controlled voltage is determined at a level above the fully charged open-circuit voltage but at a sufficiently low level to prevent corrosion of cell components by electrochemical reaction. In this second circuit for cell equalization, a transformer primary receives closely regulated, square-wave voltage which is coupled to a plurality of equal secondary coil windings. Each secondary winding is connected in parallel to each cell of a series-connected pair of cells through half-wave rectifiers and a shared, intermediate conductor.

Cox, Jay A. (Rolling Hills Estates, CA)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

RESONANCE BROADENING AND HEATING OF CHARGED PARTICLES IN MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC TURBULENCE  

SciTech Connect

The heating, acceleration, and pitch-angle scattering of charged particles by magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence are important in a wide range of astrophysical environments, including the solar wind, accreting black holes, and galaxy clusters. We simulate the interaction of high-gyrofrequency test particles with fully dynamical simulations of subsonic MHD turbulence, focusing on the parameter regime with {beta} {approx} 1, where {beta} is the ratio of gas to magnetic pressure. We use the simulation results to calibrate analytical expressions for test particle velocity-space diffusion coefficients and provide simple fits that can be used in other work. The test particle velocity diffusion in our simulations is due to a combination of two processes: interactions between particles and magnetic compressions in the turbulence (as in linear transit-time damping; TTD) and what we refer to as Fermi Type-B (FTB) interactions, in which charged particles moving on field lines may be thought of as beads sliding along moving wires. We show that test particle heating rates are consistent with a TTD resonance that is broadened according to a decorrelation prescription that is Gaussian in time (but inconsistent with Lorentzian broadening due to an exponential decorrelation function, a prescription widely used in the literature). TTD dominates the heating for v{sub s} >> v{sub A} (e.g., electrons), where v{sub s} is the thermal speed of species s and v{sub A} is the Alfven speed, while FTB dominates for v{sub s} << v{sub A} (e.g., minor ions). Proton heating rates for {beta} {approx} 1 are comparable to the turbulent cascade rate. Finally, we show that velocity diffusion of collisionless, large gyrofrequency particles due to large-scale MHD turbulence does not produce a power-law distribution function.

Lynn, Jacob W. [Physics Department, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Parrish, Ian J.; Quataert, Eliot [Astronomy Department and Theoretical Astrophysics Center, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Chandran, Benjamin D. G., E-mail: jacob.lynn@berkeley.edu [Space Science Center and Department of Physics, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 (United States)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

111

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Raytheon Raytheon has installed seven dual 220-volt plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging stations (14 charging points) at three...

112

Argonne's Pilot Electric Vehicle Charging Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne's Pilot Electric Vehicle Charging Project solar array and charging station Solar array and charging station. View larger image. As part of Argonne's continuing efforts to...

113

Fermilab | Fermilab Director Search | Process and Charge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Process and Charge Charge to the Director Search Committee Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory The Fermi Research Alliance, LLC Board of Directors charges the Committee to engage...

114

A Stochastic Model for the Transition to Strong Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple stochastic model is designed and analyzed in order to further understand the transition to strong convection. The transition has been characterized recently in observational data by an array of statistical measures, including (i) a sharp ...

Samuel N. Stechmann; J. David Neelin

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Petroleum > Analysis > Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) ...

116

Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) Impacts

117

Relativistic many-body calculations of lifetimes, rates, and line strengths of multipole transitions between 3l-1 4l' states in Ni-like ions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transition rates and line strengths are calculated for electric-multipole (E2 and E3) and magnetic-multipole (M1, M2, and M3) transitions between 3s{sup 2}3p{sup 6}3d{sup 10}, 3s{sup 2}3p{sup 6}3d{sup 9}4l, 3s{sup 2}3p{sup 5}3d{sup 10}4l, and 3s3p{sup 6}3d{sup 10}4l states (with 4l = 4s, 4p, 4d, and 4f) in Ni-like ions with the nuclear charges ranging from Z = 34 to 100. Relativistic many-body perturbation theory (RMBPT), including the Breit interaction, is used to evaluate retarded multipole matrix elements. Transition energies used in the calculation of line strengths and transition rates are from second-order RMBPT. Lifetimes of the 3s{sup 2}3p{sup 6}3d{sup 9}4s levels are given for Z = 34-100. Taking into account that calculations were performed in a very broad range of Z, most of the data are presented in graphs as Z-dependencies. The full set of data is given only for Ni-like W ion. In addition, we also give complete results for the 3d4s{sup 3}D{sub 2}-3d4s {sup 3}D{sub 1} magnetic-dipole transition, as the transition may be observed in future experiments, which measure both transition energies and radiative rates. These atomic data are important in the modeling of radiation spectra from Ni-like multiply-charged ions generated in electron beam ion trap experiments as well as for laboratory plasma diagnostics including fusion research.

Safronova, U I; Safronova, A S; Beiersdorfer, P

2007-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

118

Electrically charged curvaton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the possibility that the primordial curvature perturbation was generated through the curvaton mechanism from a scalar field with an electric charge, or precisely the Standard Model U(1) weak hypercharge. This links the dynamics of the very early universe concretely to the Standard Model of particle physics, and because the coupling strength is known, it reduces the number of free parameters in the curvaton model. The gauge coupling also introduces several new physical effects. Charge fluctuations are generated during inflation, but they are screened by electron-positron pairs therefore do not violate observational constraints. After inflation, the curvaton interacts with thermal radiation which destroys the curvaton condensate and prevents the generation of curvature perturbations, unless the inflaton dynamics satisfy strong constraints. The curvaton also experiences a period of parametric resonance with the U(1) gauge field. Using the standard perturbative approach, we find that the model can generate the observed density perturbation for Hubble rate H_* > 10^8 GeV and curvaton mass m > 0.01 H_*, but with a level of non-Gaussianity (f_NL > 130) that violates observational constraints. However, previous studies have shown that the parametric resonance changes the predicted perturbations significantly, and therefore fully non-linear numerical field theory simulations are required.

Michela D'Onofrio; Rose N. Lerner; Arttu Rajantie

2012-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

119

National Fuel Cell Bus Program: Accelerated Testing Evaluation Report and Appendices, Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is an evaluation of hydrogen fuel cell transit buses operating at AC Transit in revenue service since March 20, 2006 compared to similar diesel buses operating from the same depot. This evaluation report includes results from November 2007 through October 2008. Evaluation results include implementation experience, fueling station operation, fuel cell bus operations at Golden Gate Transit, and evaluation results at AC Transit (bus usage, availability, fuel economy, maintenance costs, and roadcalls).

Chandler, K.; Eudy, L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

THE QUASIPERIODIC AUTOMATED TRANSIT SEARCH ALGORITHM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new algorithm for detecting transiting extrasolar planets in time-series photometry. The Quasiperiodic Automated Transit Search (QATS) algorithm relaxes the usual assumption of strictly periodic transits by permitting a variable, but bounded, interval between successive transits. We show that this method is capable of detecting transiting planets with significant transit timing variations without any loss of significance-{sup s}mearing{sup -}as would be incurred with traditional algorithms; however, this is at the cost of a slightly increased stochastic background. The approximate times of transit are standard products of the QATS search. Despite the increased flexibility, we show that QATS has a run-time complexity that is comparable to traditional search codes and is comparably easy to implement. QATS is applicable to data having a nearly uninterrupted, uniform cadence and is therefore well suited to the modern class of space-based transit searches (e.g., Kepler, CoRoT). Applications of QATS include transiting planets in dynamically active multi-planet systems and transiting planets in stellar binary systems.

Carter, Joshua A. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Agol, Eric [Department of Astronomy, Box 351580, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)

2013-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Lab transitions employee giving campaigns  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lab transitions employee giving campaigns Lab transitions employee giving campaigns Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit Lab transitions employee giving campaigns This year's theme: "I Give Because..." November 1, 2013 Employee Giving Logo The theme for this year's employee giving campaigns Contact Community Programs Office Director Kurt Steinhaus Email Editor Linda Anderman Email During the past seven years contributions to the Lab's annual employee giving campaign have risen by 370 percent and hopes to surpass the $3.1 million amount collected last year. As in past years, that amount includes a $1 million dollar match from the Lab's manager, Los Alamos National Security, LLC (LANS). The funds support nonprofits within the region and

122

Personnel Protection Systems for Electric Vehicle Charging Circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric vehicle charging systems will be required to provide protection against electric shock due to ground faults. This report reviews the subject of electric shock, including the effects of current magnitude, frequency, duration, alternating and direct current, and supply voltage to ground. The report suggests a basis for specific safety requirements--such as a ground fault circuit interrupt--that can be included in a product safety standard covering electric vehicle charging systems to meet the 1996...

2000-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

123

Photon and Charged Particle Data Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photon and Charged Particle Data Center. Summary: The Photon and Charged Particle Data Center has long been an ...

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

124

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Southern California Edison on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging...

125

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Chrysler Group LLC on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:...

126

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: WESCO International, Inc. on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: WESCO...

127

Baldrige Program Transition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Baldrige Performance Excellence Program is transitioning to a Sustainable, Enterprise Model. ... A Vision to Be Among the Best. ...

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

128

Charge Density Wave Compounds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fisher Research Group Fisher Research Group Layered Chalcogenides 29 February 2008 Controlling the Wave by Brad Plummer, SLAC Communications Stanford University researchers working in part at SSRL have discovered a novel set of properties pertaining to a compound of materials called tritellurides. These compounds, composed of three atoms of tellurium and a single atom of one of the rare earth elements, demonstrate unique electronic properties that can be controlled by altering the temperature of the material. The tritellurides display phenomena known as charge density waves (CDW). In a normal conductive metal, electrons persist in a "sea" wherein they are evenly distributed and equally available, or conductive. A CDW occurs under certain circumstances and causes the electrons to clump together, lowering their availability, and thereby lowering the compound's conductivity. Tellurium, when crystallized into quasi-two-dimensional planes and combined with rare earth elements, produces a material with CDWs that can be manipulated and controlled.

129

NERSC HPSS Charging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HPSS Charging NERSC uses Storage Resource Units (SRUs) to help manage HPSS storage. The goal is to provide a balanced computing environment with appropriate amounts of storage and adequate bandwidth to keep the compute engines fed with data. Performance and usage tracking allows NERSC to anticipate demand and maintain a responsive storage environment. Storage management also recognizes storage as a distinct resource in support of an increasing amount of data intensive computing. Storage management and the quota system are intended to encourage efficient usage by the user community. SRU Management SRUs are reported and managed through the NERSC Information Management (NIM) system. If a user is out of SRUs in all of their HPSS repositories that user will be restricted so that they can no longer write data to HPSS

130

Stable Charged Cosmic Strings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the quantum stabilization of a cosmic string by a heavy fermion doublet in a reduced version of the standard model. We show that charged strings, obtained by populating fermionic bound state levels, become stable if the electroweak bosons are coupled to a fermion that is less than twice as heavy as the top quark. This result suggests that extraordinarily large fermion masses or unrealistic couplings are not required to bind a cosmic string in the standard model. Numerically we find the most favorable string profile to be a simple trough in the Higgs vacuum expectation value of radius {approx_equal}10{sup -18} m. The vacuum remains stable in our model, because neutral strings are not energetically favored.

Weigel, H. [Physics Department, Stellenbosch University, Matieland 7602 (South Africa); Quandt, M. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Tuebingen University, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Graham, N. [Department of Physics, Middlebury College , Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States)

2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

131

Management Transition Guidance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Records and Information Records and Information Management Transition Guidance November 2013 Records and Information Management Transition Guidance i Records and Information Management Transition Guidance Table of Contents Executive Summary ........................................................................................................................ 1 1.0 Introduction and Purpose ..................................................................................................... 1 LM Records Functions ................................................................................................................ 1 2.0 The Records Life Cycle ....................................................................................................... 2 3.0 Organizational Responsibilities ........................................................................................... 2

132

Anomalous thermodynamics and phase transitions of neutron-star matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this letter we show that the presence of the long-range Coulomb force in dense stellar matter implies that the total charge cannot be associated with a chemical potential, even if it is a conserved quantity. As a further consequence, the analytical properties of the partition sum are modified, changing the order of the phase transitions and affecting the possible occurrence of critical behaviours. The peculiar thermodynamic properties of the system can be understood introducing a model hamiltonian in which each charge is independently neutralized by a uniform background of opposite charge.

P. Chomaz; F. Gulminelli; C. Ducoin; P. Napolitani; K. H. O. Hasnaoui

2005-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

133

Spectroscopy Of Highly Charged Tungsten Relevant To Fusion Plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The radiation emitted from highly charged tungsten ions has been measured at the Berlin Electron Beam Ion trap using high-resolution x-ray and EUV spectrometers. Highly charged tungsten ions ranging from Pm-like W{sup 13+} to N-like W{sup 67+} have been produced and excited in EBIT. The line emission originating from electric and magnetic dipole transitions is studied in a wide wavelength range from 0.12 to 80 nm. The results of our measurements are compared with predicted transition wavelengths from atomic structure calculations and observations at the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak. Here we focus on the quasi-continuum emission around 5 nm from tungsten ions with an open 4 d shell (In-like W{sup 25+} to Rb-like W{sup 37+}) and the L-shell spectra of ions with configurations close to Ne-like one.

Biedermann, C.; Radtke, R. [Institut fuer Physik der Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Lehrstuhl Plasmaphysik, Newtonstr 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany) and Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, 17491 Greifswald (Germany)

2009-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

134

Gas-Solid Coexistence in Highly Charged Colloidal Suspensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aqueous suspensions of highly charged polystyrene particles with different volume fractions have been investigated for structural ordering and phase behavior using static light scattering (SLS) and confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Under deionized conditions, suspensions of high charge density colloidal particles remained disordered whereas suspensions of relatively low charge density showed crystallization by exhibiting iridescence for the visible light. Though for unaided eye crystallized suspensions appeared homogeneous, static light scattering measurements and CLSM observations have revealed their inhomogeneous nature in the form of coexistence of voids with dense ordered regions. CLSM investigations on disordered suspensions showed their inhomogeneous nature in the form coexistence of voids with dense disordered (amorphous) regions. Our studies on highly charged colloids confirm the occurrence of gas-solid transition and are in accordance with predictions of Monte Carlo simulations using a pair-potential having a long-range attractive term [Mohanty and Tata, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 2003, 264, 101]. Based on our experimental and simulation results we argue that the reported reentrant disordered state [Yamanaka et al Phys. Rev. Lett. 1998, 80, 5806 and Toyotama et al Langmuir, 2003, 19, 3236] in charged colloids observed at high charge densities is a gas-solid coexistence state.

P. S. Mohanty; B. V. R. Tata; A. Toyotama; T. Sawada

2005-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

135

Reading Comprehension - Charges and Electricity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charges and Electricity Atoms, the basic building blocks of matter, are made of three basic components: protons, neutrons and electrons. The protons and neutrons cluster together...

136

Shim for sealing transition pieces  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

According to one aspect of the invention, a shim for sealing two adjacent turbine transition pieces is disclosed. The shim includes a circumferential member that includes a first lateral flange and a second lateral flange. Further, the first and second lateral flanges each comprise a tab configured to mate to a first surface plane and the first and second lateral flanges are configured to mate to a second surface plane, wherein the first and second surface planes are substantially parallel. In addition, the shim includes a first flange extending substantially perpendicular from the circumferential member.

Lacy, Benjamin Paul (Greer, SC); Demiroglu, Mehmet (Troy, NY); Sarawate, Neelesh Nandkumar (Niskayuna, NY)

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

137

Plasma ion temperature measurements via charge-exchange recombination radiation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Spatially and temporally resolved plasma ion temperatures can be determined by measuring the Doppler-broadened line profiles of transitions excited by charge-exchange recombination reactions between fast hydrogen atoms and fully ionized low-Z ions. Plasma rotation velocity profiles can also be obtained. A sample result from the PDX tokamak using He/sup +/ radiation is presented, and expected line intensities for model cases for PDX and TFTR are calculated.

Fonck, R.J.; Goldston, R.J.; Kaita, R.; Post, D.E.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Plasma ion temperature measurements via charge exchange recombination radiation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Spatially and temporally resolved plasma ion temperatures can be determined by measuring the Doppler-broadened line profiles of transitions excited by charge-exchange recombination reactions between fast hydrogen atoms and fully ionized low-Z ions. Plasma rotation velocity profiles can also be obtained. A sample result from the PDX tokamak using He/sup +/ radiation is presented, and expected line intensities for model cases for PDX and TFTR are calculated.

Fonck, R.J.; Goldston, R.J.; Kaita, R.; Post, D.E.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Transit Users Group Supports Transit Agencies with Natural Gas Buses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fact sheet describes the benefits of the Transit Users Group, which supports transit groups with compressed natural gas (CNG) buses.

Not Available

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Migration of positively charged defects in (alpha)-quartz  

SciTech Connect

We apply a newly developed quantum-mechanics/molecular-mechanics (QM/MM) scheme to simulate the migration of charged oxygen defects in {alpha}-quartz. We simulate the transition mechanism and compute the potential energy and free energy surface for the puckering of the symmetric charged oxygen vacancy and the formation of the E{prime}{sub 1} center. By overcoming low energy barriers this puckering mechanism can be reiterated allowing the drift of the positive charge localized on an over-coordinated oxygen atom. This process enhances the stability of the E{prime}{sub 1} center and can be regarded as an important channel of structural reorganization of oxygen deficient silica in the presence of strong polarizing electric fields.

Laino, T; Donadio, D; Kuo, I W

2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Photoionizing Trapped Highly Charged Ions with Synchrotron Radiation  

SciTech Connect

Photoabsorption by highly charged ions plays an essential role in astrophysical plasmas. Diagnostics of photoionized plasmas surrounding binary systems rely heavily on precise identification of absorption lines and on the knowledge of their cross sections and widths. Novel experiments using an electron beam ion trap, FLASH EBIT, in combination with monochromatic synchrotron radiation allow us to investigate ions in charge states hitherto out of reach. Trapped ions can be prepared in any charge state at target densities sufficient to measure absorption cross sections below 0.1 Mb. The results benchmark state-of-the-art predictions of the transitions wavelengths, widths, and absolute cross sections. Recent high resolution results on Fe{sup 14+}, Fe{sup 15+}, and Ar{sup 12+} at photon energies up to 1 keV are presented.

Crespo, J R; Simon, M; Beilmann, C; Rudolph, J; Steinbruegge, R; Eberle, S; Schwarz, M; Baumann, T; Schmitt, B; Brunner, F; Ginzel, R; Klawitter, R; Kubicek, K; Epp, S; Mokler, P; Maeckel, V; Ullrich, J; Brown, G V; Graf, A; Leutenegger, M; Beiersdorfer, P; Behar, E; Follath, R; Reichardt, G; Schwarzkopf, O

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

142

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Layered transition metal oxides are the focus of intense research efforts because they might clarify the superconducting mechanism of cuprate high-temperature superconductors (HTSCs). A case in point is NaxCoO2 with x = 0.7, which is a parent compound for a family of cobaltites that exhibits superconductivity. This class of materials is also thought to be ideal for detecting the long-sought resonating valence bond (RVB) state of matter proposed by Philip Anderson of Princeton University in 1973. Researchers from Princeton University and ALS are the first to use angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) to demonstrate the strongly electron correlated nature of this material and to provide evidence that charge transport is strongly influenced by topological spin frustration.

143

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Layered transition metal oxides are the focus of intense research efforts because they might clarify the superconducting mechanism of cuprate high-temperature superconductors (HTSCs). A case in point is NaxCoO2 with x = 0.7, which is a parent compound for a family of cobaltites that exhibits superconductivity. This class of materials is also thought to be ideal for detecting the long-sought resonating valence bond (RVB) state of matter proposed by Philip Anderson of Princeton University in 1973. Researchers from Princeton University and ALS are the first to use angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) to demonstrate the strongly electron correlated nature of this material and to provide evidence that charge transport is strongly influenced by topological spin frustration.

144

Charge transport properties of CdMnTe radiation detectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Growth, fabrication and characterization of indium-doped cadmium manganese telluride (CdMnTe)radiation detectors have been described. Alpha-particle spectroscopy measurements and time resolved current transient measurements have yielded an average charge collection efficiency approaching 100 %. Spatially resolved charge collection efficiency maps have been produced for a range of detector bias voltages. Inhomogeneities in the charge transport of the CdMnTe crystals have been associated with chains of tellurium inclusions within the detector bulk. Further, it has been shown that the role of tellurium inclusions in degrading chargecollection is reduced with increasing values of bias voltage. The electron transit time was determined from time of flight measurements. From the dependence of drift velocity on applied electric field the electron mobility was found to be n = (718 55) cm2/Vs at room temperature.

Kim K.; Rafiel, R.; Boardman, M.; Reinhard, I.; Sarbutt, A.; Watt, G.; Watt, C.; Uxa, S.; Prokopovich, D.A.; Belas, E.; Bolotnikov, A.E.; James, R.B.

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

145

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Layered transition metal oxides are the focus of intense research efforts because they might clarify the superconducting mechanism of cuprate high-temperature superconductors (HTSCs). A case in point is NaxCoO2 with x = 0.7, which is a parent compound for a family of cobaltites that exhibits superconductivity. This class of materials is also thought to be ideal for detecting the long-sought resonating valence bond (RVB) state of matter proposed by Philip Anderson of Princeton University in 1973. Researchers from Princeton University and ALS are the first to use angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) to demonstrate the strongly electron correlated nature of this material and to provide evidence that charge transport is strongly influenced by topological spin frustration.

146

Biology and Phase Transition - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 24, 2003 ... next · up · previous. Next: Kaufman and percolation Up: Phase Transition Models in Previous: Phase Transition Models in ...

147

Battery charging and testing circuit  

SciTech Connect

A constant current battery charging circuit is provided by which the battery receives a full charge until the battery voltage reaches a threshold. When the battery voltage is above the threshold, the battery receives a trickle charge. The actual battery voltage is compared with a reference voltage to determine whether the full charge circuit should be in operation. Hysteresis is provided for preventing a rapid on/off operation around the threshold. The reference voltage is compensated for temperature variations. The hysteresis system and temperature compensation system are independent of each other. A separate test circuit is provided for testing the battery voltage. During testing of the battery, the full charge circuit is inoperative.

Wicnienski, M. F.; Charles, D. E.

1984-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

148

Excess charges in semiconductor nanocrystallites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors explore in this report the effects of excess electrons on the edge of the absorption spectrum of small semiconductor particles. The presence of these charges leads to strong bleaching of the absorption at the exciton region and to slight enhancement of the absorption on both sides of the bleaching. They show that the effect is independent of the origin of the charge; it occurs whether the charge is injected into the particle or only attached to its surface, and it appears even when the charge is deeply localized within the band gap. They conclude that the effect arises from the electric field associated with the charge and not from its presence in the band.

Laungdilok, C.; Lawless, D.; Cook, A.R.; Meisel, D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemistry Div.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Leaf seal for transition duct in turbine system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A turbine system is disclosed. In one embodiment, the turbine system includes a transition duct. The transition duct includes an inlet, an outlet, and a passage extending between the inlet and the outlet and defining a longitudinal axis, a radial axis, and a tangential axis. The outlet of the transition duct is offset from the inlet along the longitudinal axis and the tangential axis. The transition duct further includes an interface member for interfacing with a turbine section. The turbine system further includes a leaf seal contacting the interface member to provide a seal between the interface member and the turbine section.

Flanagan, James Scott; LeBegue, Jeffrey Scott; McMahan, Kevin Weston; Dillard, Daniel Jackson; Pentecost, Ronnie Ray

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

150

Critical Temperature for the Nuclear Liquid-Gas Phase Transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The charge distribution of the intermediate mass fragments produced in p (8.1 GeV) + Au collisions is analyzed in the framework of the statistical multifragmentation model with the critical temperature for the nuclear liquid-gas phase transition $T_c$ as a free parameter. It is found that $T_c=20\\pm3$ MeV (90% CL).

V. A. Karnaukhov; H. Oeschler; S. P. Avdeyev; E. V. Duginova; V. K. Rodionov; A. Budzanowski; W. Karcz; O. V. Bochkarev; E. A. Kuzmin; L. V. Chulkov; E. Norbeck; A. S. Botvina

2003-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

151

Capacitive charging system for high power battery charging  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document describes a project to design, build, demonstrate, and document a Level 3 capacitive charging system, and it will be based on the existing PEZIC prototype capacitive coupler. The capacitive coupler will be designed to transfer power at a maximum of 600 kW, and it will transfer power by electric fields. The power electronics will transfer power at 100 kW. The coupler will be designed to function with future increases in the power electronics output power and increases in the amp/hours capacity of sealed batteries. Battery charging algorithms will be programmed into the control electronics. The finished product will be a programmable battery charging system capable of transferring 100 kW via a capacitive coupler. The coupler will have a low power loss of less than 25 watts when transferring 240 kW (400 amps). This system will increase the energy efficiency of high power battery charging, and it will enhance mobility by reducing coupler failures. The system will be completely documented. An important deliverable of this project is information. The information will be distributed to the Army`s TACOM-TARDEC`s Advanced Concept Group, and it will be distributed to commercial organizations by the Society of Automotive Engineers. The information will be valuable for product research, development, and specification. The capacitive charging system produced in this project will be of commercial value for future electric vehicles. The coupler will be designed to rapid charge batteries that have a capacity of several thousand amp/hours at hundreds of volts. The charging system built here will rapid charge batteries with several hundred amp/hours capacity, depending on the charging voltage.

NONE

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

152

Gas storage materials, including hydrogen storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A material for the storage and release of gases comprises a plurality of hollow elements, each hollow element comprising a porous wall enclosing an interior cavity, the interior cavity including structures of a solid-state storage material. In particular examples, the storage material is a hydrogen storage material such as a solid state hydride. An improved method for forming such materials includes the solution diffusion of a storage material solution through a porous wall of a hollow element into an interior cavity.

Mohtadi, Rana F; Wicks, George G; Heung, Leung K; Nakamura, Kenji

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

153

Battery disconnect sensing circuit for battery charging systems  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a battery disconnect sensing circuit for battery charging systems which have a pair of cables adapted to be connected to a battery to charge it. The sensing circuit contains a first R-C circuit adapted to connect across the cables and a second R-C circuit adapted to connect across the cables. The time constant of the first R-C circuit is substantially greater than that of the second R-C circuit. Also means connected to the RC circuits produced a momentary control signal in response to disconnection of the cables from a battery being charged. Included in a battery charging system is a source of charging current whose voltage output is controlled at a predetermined value when connected to a battery. It increases to a higher value when disconnected from the battery. Controller means connected with the source activate the battery charging system automatically in response to electrical connection of the battery. The improvement consists of: means for momentarily effecting reversal of the higher voltage value, and battery disconnect sensing means connected the charging source and to the controller means for sensing the reversed higher voltage upon disconnection of the battery charger system from the battery and for responding by automatically deactivating the battery charging system.

Dattilo, D.P.

1986-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

154

The H2O2+OH ? HO2+H2O reaction in aqueous solution from a charge-dependent continuum model of solvation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We applied our recently developed protocol of the conductor-like continuum model of solvation to describe the title reaction in aqueous solution. The model has the unique feature of the molecular cavity being dependent on the atomic charges in the solute, and can be extended naturally to transition states and reaction pathways. It was used to calculate the reaction energetics and reaction rate in solution for the title reaction. The rate of reaction calculated using canonical variational transition state theory CVT in the context of the equilibrium solvation path (ESP) approximation, and including correction for tunneling through the small curvature approximation (SCT) was found to be 3.6 106 M-1 s-1, in very good agreement with experiment, These results suggest that the present protocol of the conductor-like continuum model of solvation with the charge-dependent cavity definition captures accurately the solvation effects at transition states and allows for quantitative estimates of reaction rates in solutions. This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Chemical Sciences program. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for DOE.

Ginovska, Bojana; Camaioni, Donald M.; Dupuis, Michel

2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

155

MEAM with Charge Transfer for TM Oxide Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Transition metal (TM) oxides are important material with diverse applications including ... Density functional theory (DFT) modeling studies have provided useful bulk ... Atomistic Modeling of Radiation Damage in bcc Uranium.

156

Site Transition Guidance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Site Transition Guidance March 2010 Office of Environmental Management U.S. Department of Energy Washington D. C. 20585 Standard Review Plan (SRP) Technical Framework for EM...

157

Hydrogen Transition Infrastructure Analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Presentation for the 2005 U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen Program review analyzes the hydrogen infrastructure needed to accommodate a transitional hydrogen fuel cell vehicle demand.

Melendez, M.; Milbrandt, A.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

The Transition to Hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prospects for Building a Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure,”and James S. Cannon. The Hydrogen Energy Transition: Movingof Energy, National Hydrogen Energy Roadmap, November 2002.

Ogden, Joan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Charged Higgs production with a top quark at the LHC.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 04 06 17 9v 1 1 6 Ju n 20 04 Cavendish-HEP-04/17 Charged Higgs production with a top quark at the LHC1 Nikolaos Kidonakis Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK E-mail: kidonaki... @hep.phy.cam.ac.uk Abstract I discuss charged Higgs production via the process bg ? tH? at the LHC. I show that the cross section is dominated by soft-gluon corrections and I provide results for its dependence on the charged Higgs mass and on the scale, including higher...

Kidonakis, Nikolaos

160

Search for the Light Charged Higgs in CMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this report the CMS potential for the light charged Higgs boson discovery in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model is presented. First the latest results of the Tevatron and LEP experiments on the light charged Higgs search are reminded. In the rest of the report the perspectives of CMS for the light charged Higgs search are presented with description of some details of the analysis. The results are based on the full simulation and reconstruction of the CMS detector including the systematic uncertainties on the background determination. Finally the $\\rm 5\\sigma$ discovery contour for an integrated luminosity of $\\rm 30fb^{-1}$ is shown.

M. Hashemi

2006-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

State of charge indicators for a battery  

SciTech Connect

The present invention relates to state of charge indicators for a battery. One aspect of the present invention utilizes expansion and contraction displacements of an electrode plate of a battery to gauge the state of charge in the battery. One embodiment of a battery of the present invention includes an anodic plate; a cathodic plate; an electrolyte in contact with the anodic and cathodic plates; plural terminals individually coupled with one of the anodic and cathodic plates; a separator intermediate the anodic and cathodic plates; an indicator configured to indicate an energy level of the battery responsive to movement of the separator; and a casing configured to house the anodic and cathodic plates, electrolyte, and separator.

Rouhani, S. Zia (Idaho Falls, ID)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers April 24, 2013 - 4:37pm Addthis Joining Director Dot Harris (second from left) were Marlene Kaplan, the Deputy Director of Education and director of EPP, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Claudia Rankins, a Program Officer with the National Science Foundation and Jim Stith, the past Vice-President of the American Institute of Physics Resources. Joining Director Dot Harris (second from left) were Marlene Kaplan, the Deputy Director of Education and director of EPP, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Claudia Rankins, a Program Officer with the National Science Foundation and Jim Stith, the past Vice-President of the

163

Transmission line including support means with barriers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas insulated transmission line includes an elongated outer sheath, a plurality of inner conductors disposed within and extending along the outer sheath, and an insulating gas which electrically insulates the inner conductors from the outer sheath. A support insulator insulatably supports the inner conductors within the outer sheath, with the support insulator comprising a main body portion including a plurality of legs extending to the outer sheath, and barrier portions which extend between the legs. The barrier portions have openings therein adjacent the main body portion through which the inner conductors extend.

Cookson, Alan H. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

The Energy of Charged Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this talk I will discuss some of the techniques that have been developed over the past 35 years to estimate the energy of charged matter. These techniques have been used to solve stability of (fermionic) matter in different contexts, and to control the instability of charged bosonic matter. The final goal will be to indicate how these techniques with certain improvements can be used to prove Dyson's 1967 conjecture for the energy of a charged Bose gas--the sharp $N^{7/5}$ law.

Jan Philip Solovej

2004-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

165

Centrifugal and Positive Displacement Charging Pump Maintenance Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In pressurized water reactors, charging pumps provide charging flow to the RCS and are also required to be available in the event of a loss of coolant accident (LOCA) event. Pump availability combined with modes of operation have made pump maintenance both frequent and costly. This report provides techniques to assist utilities in reducing maintenance costs for these pumps. Areas for improving reliability of these pumps include: excessive seal leakage, definition of acceptable seal leakage, packing life,...

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

166

DISASTER POLICY Including Extreme Emergent Situations (EES)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the ACGME website with information relating to the ACGME response to the disaster. 3. The University-specific Program Requirements. Defined Responsibilities Following the Declaration of a Disaster or Extreme EmergentPage 123 DISASTER POLICY Including Extreme Emergent Situations (EES) The University of Connecticut

Oliver, Douglas L.

167

[Article 1 of 7: Motivates and Includes the Consumer]  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 of 7: Research on the Characteristics of a Modern Grid by the NETL 2 of 7: Research on the Characteristics of a Modern Grid by the NETL Modern Grid Strategy Team Accommodates All Generation and Storage Options Last month we presented the first Principal Characteristic of a Modern Grid, "Motivates and Includes the Consumer". This month we present a second characteristic, "Accommodates All Generation and Storage Options". This characteristic will fundamentally transition today's grid from a centralized model for generation to one that also has a more balanced contribution from decentralized generation and storage. This characteristic, along with the other six, define a Modern Grid that will power the 21 st Century economy. For a more detailed discussion on "Accommodates All Generation and Storage Options", please see:

168

taking charge : optimizing urban charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles; Optimizing urban charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis analyses the opportunities and constraints of deploying charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles in urban environments. Existing electric vehicle charging infrastructure for privately… (more)

Subramani, Praveen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Car Charging Group Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Car Charging Group Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Car Charging Group, Inc. Place Miami Beach, Florida Product Miami Beach, USA based installer of plug-in vehicle charge...

170

Buildings Included on EMS Reports"  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Buildings Included on EMS Reports" "Site","Property Name","Property ID","GSF","Incl. in Water Baseline (CY2007)","Water Baseline (sq. ft.)","Water CY2008 (sq. ft.)","Water CY2009 (sq. ft.)","Water Notes","Incl. in Energy Baseline (CY2003)","Energy Baseline (sq. ft.)","CY2008 Energy (sq. ft.)","CY2009 Energy (sq. ft.)","Energy Notes","Included as Existing Building","CY2008 Existing Building (sq. ft.)","Reason for Building Exclusion" "Column Totals",,"Totals",115139,,10579,10579,22512,,,3183365,26374,115374,,,99476 "Durango, CO, Disposal/Processing Site","STORAGE SHED","DUD-BLDG-STORSHED",100,"no",,,,,"no",,,,"OSF","no",,"Less than 5,000 GSF"

171

Power generation method including membrane separation  

SciTech Connect

A method for generating electric power, such as at, or close to, natural gas fields. The method includes conditioning natural gas containing C.sub.3+ hydrocarbons and/or acid gas by means of a membrane separation step. This step creates a leaner, sweeter, drier gas, which is then used as combustion fuel to run a turbine, which is in turn used for power generation.

Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Union City, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Electric power monthly, September 1990. [Glossary included  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to provide energy decision makers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues. The power plants considered include coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydroelectric, and nuclear power plants. Data are presented for power generation, fuel consumption, fuel receipts and cost, sales of electricity, and unusual occurrences at power plants. Data are compared at the national, Census division, and state levels. 4 figs., 52 tabs. (CK)

1990-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

173

Nuclear reactor shield including magnesium oxide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improvement in nuclear reactor shielding of a type used in reactor applications involving significant amounts of fast neutron flux, the reactor shielding including means providing structural support, neutron moderator material, neutron absorber material and other components as described below, wherein at least a portion of the neutron moderator material is magnesium in the form of magnesium oxide either alone or in combination with other moderator materials such as graphite and iron.

Rouse, Carl A. (Del Mar, CA); Simnad, Massoud T. (La Jolla, CA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Tools for Charged Higgs Bosons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to identify the Higgs sector realized in nature, the predictions for Higgs boson masses, production cross sections and decay widths have to be compared with experimental results. We give a brief overview about computer codes for the evaluation of the properties of charged Higgs bosons, mostly focusing on the case of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). We briefly review the relevance of the various contributions to the charged MSSM Higgs boson mass arising at the one-loop level.

S. Heinemeyer

2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

175

Policy Implications from: -Charging Surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Workplace Charging 0.00% 20.00% 40.00% 60.00% 80.00% 100.00% 120.00% ToyotaPlug-In Prius ChevyVolt Nissan.00% 120.00% ToyotaPlug-In Prius ChevyVolt Nissan Leaf FreeWorkplaceCharging morethan 5 times aweek 4.00% ToyotaPlug-In Prius ChevyVolt Nissan Leaf WorkplaceSame Price AsHome Electricity morethan 5 times aweek 4

California at Davis, University of

176

Electrically charged dilatonic black rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this note we present (electrically) charged dilatonic black ring solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory in five dimensions and we consider their physical properties. These solutions are static and as in the neutral case possess a conical singularity. We show how one may remove the conical singularity by application of a Harrison transformation, which physically corresponds to supporting the charged ring with an electric field. Finally, we discuss the slowly rotating case for arbitrary dilaton coupling.

Hari K. Kunduri; James Lucietti

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

177

From super-charged nuclei to massive nuclear density cores  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to e{sup +}e{sup -}-pair production in the field of supercritical (Z>>Z{sub cr}{approx_equal}170) nucleus an electron shell, created out of the vacuum, is formed. The distribution of the vacuum charge in this shell has been determined for super-charged nuclei Z{sub e}{sup 3} > or approx. 1 within the framework of the Thomas-Fermi equation generalized to the relativistic case. For Z{sub e}{sup 3}>>1 the electron shell penetrates inside the nucleus and almost completely screens its charge. Inside such nucleus the potential takes a constant value equal to V{sub 0} = -(3{pi}{sup 2}n{sub p}){sup 1/3}approx-2m{sub {pi}}c{sup 2}, and super-charged nucleus represents an electrically neutral plasma consisting of e, p and n. Near the edge of the nucleus a transition layer exists with a width {lambda}{approx_equal}{alpha}{sup -1/2}h-bar/m{sub {pi}}c{approx}15 fm, which is independent of Z(h-bar/m{sub {pi}}celectric field and surface charge are concentrated in this layer. These results, obtained earlier for hypothetical superheavy nuclei with Z{approx}A/2 or approx. 0.04(Z/A){sup 1/2}(m{sub Planck}/m{sub n}){sup 3} the Coulomb repulsion of protons, screened by relativistic electrons, can be balanced by gravitational forces. The overcritical electric fields E{approx}m{sup 2}{sub {pi}}c{sup 3}/eh-bar are present in the narrow transition layer near the core surface.

Popov, Vladimir [Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics 117218 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2010-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

178

DOE Grids Service Transition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Grids Service Transition DOE Grids Service Transition Services Overview ECS Audio/Video Conferencing Fasterdata IPv6 Network Network Performance Tools (perfSONAR) ESnet OID Registry PGP Key Service Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) DOE Grids Service Transition Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net DOE Grids Service Transition Background ESnet has decided to transition support and management for the certificate services provided by the DOE Grids public key infrastructure (PKI) to the Open Sciences Grid (OSG). OSG and ESnet provide service to many of the same user communities, and have long been collaborators in the areas of identity

179

TRANSITIONS: The Case of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, not visiting gas stations, stability of electricity rates compared to gasoline prices #12;Will public charging30 EPRI20 EPRI60 #12;General NiMH and Li-Ion capabilities, and experts' PHEV battery cell

California at Davis, University of

180

Nonextensive Nuclear Liquid-Gas Phase Transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study an effective relativistic mean-field model of nuclear matter with arbitrary proton fraction at finite temperature in the framework of nonextensive statistical mechanics, characterized by power-law quantum distributions. We investigate the presence of thermodynamic instability in a warm and asymmetric nuclear medium and study the consequent nuclear liquid-gas phase transition by requiring the Gibbs conditions on the global conservation of baryon number and electric charge fraction. We show that nonextensive statistical effects play a crucial role in the equation of state and in the formation of mixed phase also for small deviations from the standard Boltzmann-Gibbs statistics.

A. Lavagno; D. Pigato

2013-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Faddeev-type calculations of few-body nuclear reactions including Coulomb interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The method of screening and renormalization is used to include the Coulomb interaction between the charged particles in the description of few-body nuclear reactions. Calculations are done in the framework of Faddeev-type equations in momentum-space. The reliability of the method is demonstrated. The Coulomb effect on observables is discussed.

A. Deltuva

2008-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

182

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coca-Cola Company. plug-in electric vehicles parked at charging stations in parking garage Fast Facts Joined the Workplace Charging Challenge: February 27, 2013 Headquarters:...

183

PropagateUnequalCharges3.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beams of Unequal Charges through the same Lattice Abstract: In the Enhanced Transformer Ratio experiment, a train of 4 electron bunches, each with a different charge must...

184

American Battery Charging Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Edit with form History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon American Battery Charging Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name American Battery Charging Inc Place...

185

Method and apparatus for rapid battery charging  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus for charging electrical storage batteries having a known nominal amperage are described. The method consists in discharging the battery to a predetermined value and then charging the battery with a charging current initially several times greater than the nominal battery amperage. The charging current decreases exponentially from the initial charging current to a charging current much less than the nominal battery amperage when the battery is fully charged. The apparatus uses the discharge rate of an RC circuit to control the charging current applied to the battery. 3 figures, 1 table.

Samsioe, P.E.

1979-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

186

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: ABB Inc. on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: ABB Inc....

187

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Google to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Google on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging...

188

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Cisco Systems, Inc. on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Cisco...

189

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: 3M on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: 3M on...

190

Federal Transit Administration-National Transit Database (NTD) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Federal Transit Administration-National Transit Database (NTD) Federal Transit Administration-National Transit Database (NTD) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Federal Transit Administration-National Transit Database (NTD) Agency/Company /Organization: Federal Transit Administration Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Resource Type: Dataset User Interface: Website Website: www.ntdprogram.gov/ntdprogram/ Cost: Free Language: English Federal Transit Administration-National Transit Database (NTD) Screenshot References: National Transit Database[1] "The NTD was established by Congress to be the Nation's primary source for information and statistics on the transit systems of the United States. Recipients or beneficiaries of grants from the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) under the Urbanized Area Formula Program (§5307) or

191

Excitation energies, polarizabilities, multipole transition rates, and lifetimes of ions along the francium isoelectronic sequence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relativistic many-body perturbation theory is applied to study properties of ions of the francium isoelectronic sequence. Specifically, energies of the 7s, 7p, 6d, and 5f states of Fr-like ions with nuclear charges Z = 87 - 100 are calculated through third order; reduced matrix elements, oscillator strengths, transition rates, and lifetimes are determined for 7s - 7p, 7p - 6d, and 6d - 5f electric-dipole transitions; and 7s - 6d, 7s - 5f, and 5f_5/2 - 5f_7/2 multipole matrix elements are evaluated to obtain the lifetimes of low-lying excited states. Moreover, for the ions Z = 87 - 92 calculations are also carried out using the relativistic all-order single-double method, in which single and double excitations of Dirac-Fock wave functions are included to all orders in perturbation theory. With the aid of the SD wave functions, we obtain accurate values of energies, transition rates, oscillator strengths, and the lifetimes of these six ions. Ground state scalar polarizabilities in Fr I, Ra II, Ac III, and Th IV...

Safronova, U I; Safronova, M S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Charge Melting & Polaron Collapse in LA1.2SR1.8MN207  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charge Melting & Polaron Collapse in LA1.2SR1.8MN207 Charge Melting & Polaron Collapse in LA1.2SR1.8MN207 Recent studies carried out on the Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation Collaborative Access Team's beamline I-ID-C at the Advanced Photon Source provide new insights into charge melting and polaron collapse. X-ray and neutron scattering measurements directly demonstrate the existence of polarons in the paramagnetic phase of optimally doped colossal magnetoresistive oxides. The polarons exhibit short-range correlations that grow with decreasing temperature, but disappear abruptly at the ferromagnetic transition because of the sudden charge delocalization. The "melting" of the charge ordering as we cool through TC occurs with the collapse of the quasistatic polaron scattering, and provides important new

193

Laser-driven deflection arrangements and methods involving charged particle beams  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems, methods, devices and apparatus are implemented for producing controllable charged particle beams. In one implementation, an apparatus provides a deflection force to a charged particle beam. A source produces an electromagnetic wave. A structure, that is substantially transparent to the electromagnetic wave, includes a physical structure having a repeating pattern with a period L and a tilted angle .alpha., relative to a direction of travel of the charged particle beam, the pattern affects the force of the electromagnetic wave upon the charged particle beam. A direction device introduces the electromagnetic wave to the structure to provide a phase-synchronous deflection force to the charged particle beam.

Plettner, Tomas (San Ramon, CA); Byer, Robert L. (Stanford, CA)

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

194

Amp-hour counting charge control for photovoltaic hybrid power systems  

SciTech Connect

An amp-hour counting battery charge control algorithm has been defined and tested using the Digital Solar Technologies MPR-9400 microprocessor based photovoltaic hybrid charge controller. This work included extensive laboratory and field testing of the charge algorithm on vented lead-antimony and valve regulated lead-acid batteries. The test results have shown that with proper setup amp-hour counting charge control is more effective than conventional voltage regulated sub-array shedding in returning the lead-acid battery to a high state of charge.

Hund, T.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Thompson, B. [Biri Systems, Ithaca, NY (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Performance of battery charge controllers: First year test report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The results of the first year of an evaluation of charge controllers for stand-alone photovoltaic (PV) systems are presented. The objectives of the test program are to positively influence the development of battery charge controllers for stand-alone PV applications and to develop design and application criteria that will improve PV system reliability and battery performance. Future goals are to expand the evaluation program to include various battery technologies and controller algorithms. Also, the information is being communicated to manufacturers to aid in the design of more effective and reliable charge controllers for PV systems. Eight different models of small (nominal 10 amp) charge controllers are being subjected to a comprehensive evaluation. These evaluations include operational tests in identical stand-alone PV systems and environmental and electrical cycling tests. Selected custom tests are also performed on the controllers to determine the response to transients, installation requirements and system design compatibilities. Data presented in this paper include measured electrical characteristics of the controllers, temperature effects on set points, and operational performance in PV systems both in the lab and in the field. A comparison is presented for four different charge controller algorithms which include array-shunt, series-interrupting, series-linear constant-voltage and series-linear-multistep constant-current. 9 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.

Dunlop, J. (Florida Solar Energy Center, Cape Canaveral, FL (United States)); Bower, W. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)); Harrington, S. (Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Quantifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Transit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Quantifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Transit Quantifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Transit Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Quantifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Transit Agency/Company /Organization: American Public Transportation Association Focus Area: GHG Inventory Development Topics: Analysis Tools Resource Type: Reports, Journal Articles, & Tools Website: www.aptastandards.com/Portals/0/SUDS/SUDSPublished/APTA_Climate_Change This Recommended Practice provides guidance to transit agencies for quantifying their greenhouse gas emissions, including both emissions generated by transit and the potential reduction of emissions through efficiency and displacement How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Shift - Change to low-carbon modes

197

Thermovoltaic semiconductor device including a plasma filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermovoltaic energy conversion device and related method for converting thermal energy into an electrical potential. An interference filter is provided on a semiconductor thermovoltaic cell to pre-filter black body radiation. The semiconductor thermovoltaic cell includes a P/N junction supported on a substrate which converts incident thermal energy below the semiconductor junction band gap into electrical potential. The semiconductor substrate is doped to provide a plasma filter which reflects back energy having a wavelength which is above the band gap and which is ineffectively filtered by the interference filter, through the P/N junction to the source of radiation thereby avoiding parasitic absorption of the unusable portion of the thermal radiation energy.

Baldasaro, Paul F. (Clifton Park, NY)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Distributor means for charging particulate material into receptacles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are receptacles, such as shaft furnaces illustrated by a blast furnace and an upright oil shale retort, embodying rotatable charge distributor means for distributing particulate charge material in the furnace, which charge distributor means can provide a high uniformity of distribution of various sizes of particles and also can provide and maintain a stock line of desired contour and heighth in the receptacle. The distributor means includes a hopper having rigidly fixed to it a plurality of downwardly extending chutes with lower discharge portions that discharge in concentric circular zones at the stock line. The distributor means includes a segmented portion at the juncture of the hopper and the chutes that divides the charge material discharged into the hopper in proportion to the area of the circular zone at the stock line that is fed by the chute. The distributor means embodies means for providing mass flow of the particulate charge material through the chutes to the stock line and for avoiding segregation between larger and smaller particles of charge material deposited at the stock line.

Greaves, Melvin J. (9995 Cliff Drive, Cleveland, OH 44102)

1977-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

199

The nitrogen ion laser pumped by charge transfer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Charge transfer from He/sup +//sub 2/ to N/sub 2/ has been used in a variety of devices to pump significant levels of inversion of the B/sup 2/..sigma../SUB u/ electronic transistion of N/sup +//sub 2/. Laser output has been achieved at three wavelengths, 391.4, 427.8, and 470.9 nm. Each has corresponded to a transition from the same upper laser level to lower levels having vibrational quantum numbers equal to 0, 1, and 2, respectively. With proper mirror sets each has been individually excited. Studies of the scaling and efficiency at which the laser output could be obtained have been made with devices pumped by e-beams, preionized avalanche discharges, and preionized resonant and traveling wave discharges. The possible efficiencies for the extraction of the energies stored in the inversions have been examined for various configurations of the coupling of the optical fields to the plasmas. Resulting devices have included self-excited oscillators, regenerative amplifiers, and master oscillator power amplifiers. The experimental results have supported a kinetic model which generally explains the unique features of the nitrogen ion laser. Of particular interest is the capacity of these systems to support the simultaneous optimization of both scale and efficiency. With e-beam excitation optical power densities of 320 MW X 1/sup -1/ have been achieved at a constant power transfer efficiency of 3 percent. With resonant discharge excitation 44 MW X 1/sup -1/ have been demonstrated at power conversion efficiencies of 2 percent and overall efficiencies ranging from 0.2 to 0.4 percent. From these results the kinetic model has projected an overall efficiency of 0.9 percent to be ultimately realized in a discharge device.

Collins, C.B.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Transition-Metal Hydrides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transition-Metal Hydride Electrochromics Transition-Metal Hydride Electrochromics A new type of electrochromic hydride material has interesting and unusual properties. Thin Ni-Mg films, for example, are mirror-like in appearance and have very low visible transmittance. On exposure to hydrogen gas or on reduction in alkaline electrolyte, the films become transparent. The transition is believed to result from formation of nickel magnesium hydride, Mg2NiH4. Switchable mirrors based on rare earth hydrides were discovered in 1996 at Vrije University in the Netherlands, Rare earth-magnesium alloy films were subsequently found to be superior to the pure lanthanides in maximum transparency and mirror-state reflectivity by Philips Laboratories. The newer transition-metal types which use less expensive and less reactive materials were discovered at LBNL. This has now become a very active area of study with a network of researchers.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Alternative fuel transit buses  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory; this project was funded by DOE. One of NREL`s missions is to objectively evaluate the performance, emissions, and operating costs of alternative fuel vehicles so fleet managers can make informed decisions when purchasing them. Alternative fuels have made greater inroads into the transit bus market than into any other. Each year, the American Public Transit Association (APTA) surveys its members on their inventory and buying plans. The latest APTA data show that about 4% of the 50,000 transit buses in its survey run on an alternative fuel. Furthermore, 1 in 5 of the new transit buses that members have on order are alternative fuel buses. This program was designed to comprehensively and objectively evaluate the alternative fuels in use in the industry.

Motta, R.; Norton, P.; Kelly, K. [and others

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Models of Procyon A including seismic constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detailed models of Procyon A based on new asteroseismic measurements by Eggenberger et al (2004) have been computed using the Geneva evolution code including shellular rotation and atomic diffusion. By combining all non-asteroseismic observables now available for Procyon A with these seismological data, we find that the observed mean large spacing of 55.5 +- 0.5 uHz favours a mass of 1.497 M_sol for Procyon A. We also determine the following global parameters of Procyon A: an age of t=1.72 +- 0.30 Gyr, an initial helium mass fraction Y_i=0.290 +- 0.010, a nearly solar initial metallicity (Z/X)_i=0.0234 +- 0.0015 and a mixing-length parameter alpha=1.75 +- 0.40. Moreover, we show that the effects of rotation on the inner structure of the star may be revealed by asteroseismic observations if frequencies can be determined with a high precision. Existing seismological data of Procyon A are unfortunately not accurate enough to really test these differences in the input physics of our models.

P. Eggenberger; F. Carrier; F. Bouchy

2005-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

203

Information and Records Management Transition Guidance | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Information and Records Management Transition Guidance Information and Records Management Transition Guidance Information and Records Management Transition Guidance (March 2004)...

204

Pressure charged airlift pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pumping system is described for pumping fluids, such as water with entrained mud and small rocks, out of underground cavities such as drilled wells, which can effectively remove fluids down to a level very close to the bottom of the cavity and which can operate solely by compressed air pumped down through the cavity. The system utilizes a subassembly having a pair of parallel conduit sections (44, 46) adapted to be connected onto the bottom of a drill string utilized for drilling the cavity, the drill string also having a pair of coaxially extending conduits. The subassembly includes an upper portion which has means for connection onto the drill string and terminates the first conduit of the drill string in a plenum (55). A compressed air-driven pump (62) is suspended from the upper portion. The pump sucks fluids from the bottom of the cavity and discharges them into the second conduit. Compressed air pumped down through the first conduit (46) to the plenum powers the compressed air-driven pump and aerates the fluid in the second conduit to lift it to the earth's surface.

Campbell, Gene K. (Las Vegas, NV)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Modeling, testing and economic analysis of a wind-electric battery charging station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Battery charging systems are very important in many developing countries where rural families cannot afford a solar-battery home system or other electricity options, but they can afford to own a battery (in some cases more than one battery) and can pay for it to be charged on a regular basis. Because the typical households that use batteries are located far from the grid, small wind battery charging stations can be a cost-competitive options for charging batteries. However, the technical aspects of charging numerous 12-volt batteries on one DC bus with a small permanent magnet alternator wind turbine suggest that a special battery charging station be developed. NREL conducted research on two different types of wind battery charging stations: a system that uses one charge controller for the entire DC bus and charges batteries in parallel strings of four batteries each, and one that uses individual charge controllers for each battery. The authors present test results for both system configurations. In addition, modeling results of steady-state time series simulations of both systems are compared. Although the system with the single charge controller for the entire bus is less expensive, it results in less efficient battery charging. The authors also include in the paper a discussion of control strategies to improve system performance and an economic comparison of the two alternative system architectures.

Gevorgian, V.; Corbus, D.A.; Drouilhet, S.; Holz, R. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (US). National Wind Technology Center; Thomas, K.E. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (US). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

STUDIES OF X-RAY PRODUCTION FOLLOWING CHARGE EXCHANGE RECOMBINATION BETWEEN HIGHLY CHARGED IONS AND NEUTRAL ATOMS AND MOLECULES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have used microcalorimeters built by the NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Electron Beam Ion Trap to measure X-ray emission produced by charge exchange reactions between highly charged ions colliding with neutral helium, hydrogen, and nitrogen gas. Our measurements show the spectral dependence on neutral species and also show the distinct differences between spectra produced by charge exchange reactions and those produced by direct impact excitation. These results are part of an ongoing experimental investigation at the LLNL EBIT facility of charge exchange spectral signatures and can be used to interpret X-ray spectra produced by a variety of laboratory and celestial sources including cometary and planetary atmospheres, the Earth's magnetosheath, the heliosphere, and tokamaks.

Brown, G V; Beiersdorfer, P; Chen, H; Clementson, J; Frankel, M; Gu, M F; Kelley, R L; Kilbourne, C A; Porter, F S; Thorn, D B; Wargelin, B J

2008-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

207

Electric Charge Quantization in Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the framework of Standard Model for the arbitrary values of Higgs and fermions fields hypercharges, taking into account parity invariance of electromagnetic interaction, expressions for the fermions charges, testifying the electric charge quantization are obtained. From the chiral anomalies cancellation condition within one family of leptons and quarks, numerical values of fermions charges, coinciding with standard values of charges have been obtained.

O. B. Abdinov; F. T. Khalil-zade; S. S. Rzaeva

2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

208

Puerto Rico Refinery Catalytic Reforming Downstream Charge ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Puerto Rico Refinery Catalytic Reforming Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

209

Puerto Rico Refinery Desulfurization, Gasoline Downstream Charge ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Puerto Rico Refinery Desulfurization, Gasoline Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

210

Mississippi Refinery Catalytic Reforming Downstream Charge ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Mississippi Refinery Catalytic Reforming Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

211

Louisiana Refinery Catalytic Reforming Downstream Charge Capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Louisiana Refinery Catalytic Reforming Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

212

Oklahoma Refinery Vacuum Distillation Downstream Charge Capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Oklahoma Refinery Vacuum Distillation Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

213

Mississippi Refinery Vacuum Distillation Downstream Charge ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Mississippi Refinery Vacuum Distillation Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

214

Control Strategies For Transit Priority  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light Rail Transit," Transportation Research Record, No.Rail Signal Control Strategies by Combining Transit and Traffic Simulation Models," Transportation Research

Skabardonis, Alexander

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Free form hemispherical shaped charge  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hemispherical shaped charge has been modified such that one side of the hemisphere is spherical and the other is a spherical allowing a wall thickness variation in the liner. A further modification is to use an elongated hemispherical shape. The liner has a thick wall at its pole and a thin wall at the equator with a continually decreasing wall thickness from the pole to the equator. The ratio of the wall thickness from the pole to the equator varies depending on liner material and HE shape. Hemispherical shaped charges have previously been limited to spherical shapes with no variations in wall thicknesses. By redesign of the basic liner thicknesses, the jet properties of coherence, stability, and mass distribution have been significantly improved. It is an object of this invention to provide an improved shape charge for oil well perforation.

Haselman, L.C. Jr.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

216

Electrochemical cell with high discharge/charge rate capability  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fully charged positive electrode composition for an electrochemical cell includes FeS/sub 2/ and NiS/sub 2/ in about equal molar amounts along with about 2 to 20 mole % of the reaction product Li/sub 2/S. Through selection of appropriate electrolyte compositions, high power output or low operating temperatures can be obtained. The cell includes a substantially constant electrode impedance through most of its charge and discharge range. Exceptionally high discharge rates and overcharge protection are obtainable through use of the inventive electrode composition.

Redey, L.

1986-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

217

Site Transition Process Upon Cleanup Completion | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Site Transition Process Upon Cleanup Completion Site Transition Process Upon Cleanup Completion Site Transition Process Upon Cleanup Completion Site Transition Process Upon Cleanup...

218

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bloomberg LP to someone by E-mail Bloomberg LP to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness

219

Studies on relative effects of charged and neutral defects in hydrogenated amorphous silicon. Final report, 1 October 1989--31 December 1990  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report covers the third year of a continuing research study to understand the relative importance of charged and neutral defects in amorphous silicon. The objective of the study is to explore the electronic structure, including neutral and charged defects, an optoelectronic effects including the formation of Staebler-Wronski defects. The study concentrated on exploring electroluminescence experimentally and interpreting the results employing a simple guiding model. The simple guiding model assumes an exponential density of states and recombination rate constants (radiative and non-radiative) which are governed by hopping transitions. Measurements were also made as a function of photodegradation of the material. The results implicate that the radiative recombination processes are not distant pair tunneling but rather results from electrons hopping down due to the coulomb interactions. Preliminary experiments have been made on the effect of photodegradation on transient space charge limited currents in n/i/n structures. These experiments can directly yield information on the occupied defects centers induced by the photodegradation and are not a result of recombination processes. To date the results seems to be consistent with a picture which places the doubly occupied defects at quite a high energy ({approx_equal} 0.4 e.v. below the conduction band).

Silver, M. [North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill, NC (United States)

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Method and apparatus for battery charging  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a method of charging a battery and terminating the charging thereof upon determination of the existence of a prescribed condition comprising the steps of: applying charging current to the battery; measuring the battery voltage soon after the charging current is applied; determining, on the basis of the battery voltage measurement, the knee voltage of the charging characteristic of the particular battery being charged; calculating a battery voltage limit beyond which no further charging current is to be applied, the voltage limit being the point at which the instantaneous battery voltage is a pre-determined value greater than the knee voltage of the battery's charging characteristic; continued measuring of the battery voltage as the charging current is applied; and terminating the application of charging current when the battery voltage limit is reached.

Westhaver, L.A.; Ruksznis, R.E.

1987-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Charged particle mobility refrigerant analyzer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for analyzing a gaseous electronegative species comprises the steps of providing an analysis chamber; providing an electric field of known potential within the analysis chamber; admitting into the analysis chamber a gaseous sample containing the gaseous electronegative species; providing a pulse of free electrons within the electric field so that the pulse of free electrons interacts with the gaseous electronegative species so that a swarm of electrically charged particles is produced within the electric field; and, measuring the mobility of the electrically charged particles within the electric field.

Allman, Steve L. (Knoxville, TN); Chen, Chung-Hsuan (Knoxville, TN); Chen, Fang C. (Knoxville, TN)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Method for charging a storage battery  

SciTech Connect

A method is disclosed for charging a lead-acid storage battery, the method comprising the steps of charging the battery at an initially high rate during an initial stage of the charging cycle, monitoring the internal battery voltage, charging the battery at a lower, finishing rate after a preselected battery voltage has been monitored, and periodically interrupting the finishing charge until the battery is recharged.

Fallon, W.H.; Kirby, D.W.; Neukirch, E.O.; Schober, W.R.

1983-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

223

A study of lead-acid battery efficiency near top-of-charge and the impact on PV system design  

SciTech Connect

Knowledge of the charge efficiency of lead-acid batteries near top-of-charge is important to the design of small photovoltaic systems. In order to know how much energy is required from the photovoltaic array in order to accomplish the task of meeting load, including periodic full battery charge, a detailed knowledge of the battery charging efficiency as a function of state of charge is required, particularly in the high state-of-charge regime, as photovoltaic systems are typically designed to operate in the upper 20 to 30% of battery state-of-charge. This paper presents the results of a process for determining battery charging efficiency near top-of-charge and discusses the impact of these findings on the design of small PV systems.

Stevens, J.W.; Corey, G.P.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Stability of charged thin shells  

SciTech Connect

In this article we study the mechanical stability of spherically symmetric thin shells with charge, in Einstein-Maxwell and Einstein-Born-Infeld theories. We analyze linearized perturbations preserving the symmetry, for shells around vacuum and shells surrounding noncharged black holes.

Eiroa, Ernesto F. [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, C.C. 67, Suc. 28, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Simeone, Claudio [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); IFIBA, CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

225

Transmission Access Charge Informational Filing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of any new Participating Transmission Owner (“Participating TO”) during the proceeding six months or (2) changes to Transmission Revenue Requirements of any of the Participating TOs. 1 Because the Access Charges are determined through a formula rate mechanism, these semi-annual adjustments take place automatically. In the enclosed informational filing, the ISO is providing notice regarding the updated Access Charges that reflect the charges that will be in effect beginning January 1, 2002 in accordance with the formula rate. The adjusted charges are based on the modified Transmission Revenue Requirements, both High Voltage and Low Voltage as a result of: (1) the Offer of Settlement accepted by the Commission in Pacific Gas & Electric Company’s (“PG&E”) Docket No. ER01-66-000, (2) San Diego Gas and Electric Company’s supplemental surcharge accepted, subject to refund, in Docket No. ER01-3074-000, and (3) the annual adjustment to the Transmission Revenue Balancing Account (“TRBA”) of the Participating TOs. 1 Capitalized terms not otherwise defined herein are defined in the Master Definitions

unknown authors

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Homogeneous charge engines -- Basis of cyclic variations. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objectives of the Grant required investigations of cyclic variations in a homogeneous-charge engine initially with gas combustion and the air from ranging from near quiescent to the incorporation of swirl and tumble by valve inserts. Later experiments were performed with unleaded gasoline. The measurements included local velocity and cylinder pressure through the four strokes of a single-cylinder engine, under motored and firing conditions and with examination of the flame kernel growth by combinations of photography and flame-ionization gauges. In all cases, the measurements of in-cylinder characteristics were linked to performance as measured in terms of speed and its variability, load and emissions. The experiments progressed to consider deviations from homogeneous charge and included consideration of stratified charge with local injection of a rich mixture in the vicinity of the spark gap so as to establish a flame kernel which would propagate securely into an overall weak mixture.

Whitelaw, J.H.

1997-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

227

State approaches to the system benefits charge  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the consideration and implementation of a non-bypassable system benefits charge (SBC) in six states through mid-May 1997. The SBC is being established to sustain important public-policy programs during the electric industry restructuring process. The states covered include Arizona, California, Massachusetts, New York, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin. This report was prepared for the Office of Energy and Resource Planning, Utah Department of Natural Resources, under the National Renewable Energy Laboratory`s Sustainable Technology Energy Partnerships Initiative, Second Round (STEP-2). The purpose of the report is to provide decision makers in Utah, including the Utah Public Service Commission and the state legislature, with relevant information on the SBC for use in their deliberation on the matter. The issues faced by the six states are the SBC in general; surcharge rate or funding levels; administrative structure and procedures; and actions, guidelines, and principles by program area.

Fang, J.M.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Examining hydrogen transitions.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the results of an effort to identify key analytic issues associated with modeling a transition to hydrogen as a fuel for light duty vehicles, and using insights gained from this effort to suggest ways to improve ongoing modeling efforts. The study reported on here examined multiple hydrogen scenarios reported in the literature, identified modeling issues associated with those scenario analyses, and examined three DOE-sponsored hydrogen transition models in the context of those modeling issues. The three hydrogen transition models are HyTrans (contractor: Oak Ridge National Laboratory), MARKAL/DOE* (Brookhaven National Laboratory), and NEMS-H2 (OnLocation, Inc). The goals of these models are (1) to help DOE improve its R&D effort by identifying key technology and other roadblocks to a transition and testing its technical program goals to determine whether they are likely to lead to the market success of hydrogen technologies, (2) to evaluate alternative policies to promote a transition, and (3) to estimate the costs and benefits of alternative pathways to hydrogen development.

Plotkin, S. E.; Energy Systems

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Method of boronizing transition metal surfaces  

SciTech Connect

A method is presented for preparing a boride layer on a transition metal substrate for use in corrosive environments or as a harden surface in machine applications. This method is particularly useful in treating current collectors for use within a high temperature and corrosive electrochemical cell environment. A melt of a alkali metal boride tetrafluoride salt including such as KF to lower its melting point is prepared including a dissolved boron containing material, for instance NiB, MnB.sub.2, or CrB.sub.2. A transition metal to be coated is immersed in the melt at a temperature of no more than 700.degree. C. and a surface boride layer of that transition metal is formed within a period of about 24 hours on the substrate surface.

Koyama, Koichiro (Hyogo, JP); Shimotake, Hiroshi (Hinsdale, IL)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Method of boronizing transition-metal surfaces  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A method is presented for preparing a boride layer on a transition metal substrate for use in corrosive environments or as a harden surface in machine applications. This method is particularly useful in treating current collectors for use within a high temperature and corrosive electrochemical cell environment. A melt of a alkali metal boride tetrafluoride salt including such as KF to lower its melting point is prepared including a dissolved boron containing material, for instance NiB, MnB/sub 2/, or CrB/sub 2/. A transition metal to be coated is immersed in the melt at a temperature of no more than 700/sup 0/C and a surface boride layer of that transition metal is formed within a period of about 24 hours on the substrate surface.

Koyama, K.; Shimotake, H.

1981-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

231

How Usage is Charged at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

usage usage is charged How usage is charged MPP Charging (Computational Systems) When a job runs on a NERSC MPP system, such as Hopper, charges accrue against one of the user's repository allocations. The unit of accounting for these charges is the "MPP Hour". A parallel job is charged for exclusive use of each multi-core node allocated to the job. The MPP charge for such a job is calculated as the product of: the job's elapsed wall-clock time in hours, the number of nodes allocated to the job (regardless of the number actually used), the number of cores available on each allocated node, a machine charge factor (MCF) based on typical performance of the machine relative to Hopper (MCF=1.0), and a queue charge factor (QCF). Queue priority scheduling gives users

232

site_transition.cdr  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Legacy Legacy Management U.S. DEPARTMENT OF This fact sheet explains the process for transferring a site to the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. Site Transition Process Upon Cleanup Completion Introduction Transition Process After environmental remediation is completed at a site and there is no continuing mission, responsibility for the site and the associated records are transferred to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management for post-closure management. Where residual hazards (e.g., disposal cells, ground water contamination) remain, active long-term surveillance and maintenance will be required to ensure protection of human health and the environment. The DOE Office of Legacy Management (LM) established transition guidance for remediated sites that will transfer to LM for long-term surveillance and maintenance. The

233

Network Observability Transitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the modeling, monitoring, and control of complex networks, a fundamental problem concerns the comprehensive determination of the state of the system from limited measurements. Using power grids as example networks, we show that this problem leads to a new type of percolation transition, here termed a {\\it network observability transition}, which we solve analytically for the configuration model. We also demonstrate a dual role of the network's community structure, which both facilitates optimal measurement placement and renders the networks substantially more sensitive to `observability attacks'. Aside from their immediate implications for the development of smart grids, these results provide insights into decentralized biological, social, and technological networks.

Yang, Yang; Motter, Adilson E; 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.258701

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Charge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARM-0501 ARM-0501 Marine Stratus Radiation, Aerosol, and Drizzle (MASRAD) Science Plan June 2005 M.A. Miller Brookhaven National Laboratory Earth System Science Division Upton, New York A. Bucholtz Naval Research Laboratory Monterey, California B. Albrecht and P. Kollias Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science Miami, Florida Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research M.A. Miller et al., June 2005, DOE/ER-ARM-0501 Abstract Marine stratus is one of the most prevalent and under sampled cloud types on earth and is an important component of the earth's climate system. Marine stratus is thought to be susceptible to infusions of anthropogenic aerosols that alter in-cloud microphysical processes and is known to

235

Charge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

001 001 The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Infrastructure Review Report (AIR): Summary of Recommendations January 2001 Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research DOE/SC-ARM-0001 The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Infrastructure Review Report (AIR): Summary of Recommendations The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Infrastructure Review committee feels that the organization of the ARM Infrastructure must change as the amount of required work grows and budgets remain fixed. The current structure may not lend itself to the more efficient operation that will be needed. The current ARM Infrastructure is site centric; that structure served ARM well in its early years of development but is one that has become limiting.

236

Charge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Mixed-Phase Cloud Microphysics for Global Climate Models First Quarter 2007 ARM Metric Report January 2007 Xiaohong Liu and Steven J. Ghan Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research X. Liu and S.J. Ghan, DOE/SC-ARM-0701 iii Summary Mixed-phase clouds are composed of a mixture of cloud droplets and ice crystals. The partitioning of condensed water into liquid droplets and ice crystals in clouds varies throughout the life cycle of clouds, with droplets forming initially but crystals dominating later as ice forms first by crystal nucleation and then by vapor deposition. This report documents an ice nucleation

237

Charge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 DOE Review of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility February 3-4, 2005 American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C. June 2005 W.R. Ferrell Climate Change Research Division Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research DOE/SC-ARM-0502 CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................. 1 2. SUMMARY OF ACRF INFRASTRUCTURE REVIEW PANEL COMMENTS................ 3 2.1 Management.................................................................................................................... 3 2.2 Research Support ............................................................................................................

238

Quantization of eletric charge, the neutrino and generation nonuniversality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

text of abstract It is showed that the eletric charge quantization is unconnected to Majorana neutrino in the non-universal generations leptoquark-bilepton flavordynamics which includes the right-handed neutrino and an explicit U(1) factor in the gauge semisimple group.

A. Doff; F. Pisano

2000-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

239

Quantization of eletric charge, the neutrino and generation nonuniversality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

text of abstract It is showed that the eletric charge quantization is unconnected to Majorana neutrino in the non-universal generations leptoquark-bilepton flavordynamics which includes the right-handed neutrino and an explicit U(1) factor in the gauge semisimple group.

Doff, A

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Top quark and charged Higgs production at hadron colliders  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

I present a brief theoretical update on top quark pair production at the Tevatron and give values of the NNLO-NNNLL cross section for both mt = 175 and 178 GeV. I then present a calculation of the cross section for charged Higgs production in association with a top quark at the LHC, including NNLO soft-gluon corrections.

Kidonakis, Nikolaos [Kennesaw State University, Physics no. 1202, 1000 Chastain Rd, Kennesaw, GA 30144-5591 (United States)

2005-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Free form hemispherical shaped charge  

SciTech Connect

A hemispherical shaped charge has been modified such that one side of the hemisphere is spherical and the other is aspherical allowing a wall thickness variation in the liner. A further modification is to use an elongated hemispherical shape. The liner has a thick wall at its pole and a thin wall at the equator with a continually decreasing wall thickness from the pole to the equator. The ratio of the wall thickness from the pole to the equator varies depending on liner material and HE shape. Hemispherical shaped charges have previously been limited to spherical shapes with no variations in wall thicknesses. By redesign of the basic liner thicknesses, the jet properties of coherence, stability, and mass distribution have been significantly improved.

Haselman, Jr., Leonard C. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Spectroscopy of Charge Carriers and Traps in Field-Doped Organic Semiconductors  

SciTech Connect

This research project aims to achieve quantitative and molecular level understanding of charge carriers and traps in field-doped organic semiconductors via in situ optical absorption spectroscopy, in conjunction with time-resolved electrical measurements. During the funding period, we have made major progress in three general areas: (1) probed charge injection at the interface between a polymeric semiconductor and a polymer electrolyte dielectric and developed a thermodynamic model to quantitatively describe the transition from electrostatic to electrochemical doping; (2) developed vibrational Stark effect to probe electric field at buried organic semiconductor interfaces; (3) used displacement current measurement (DCM) to study charge transport at organic/dielectric interfaces and charge injection at metal/organic interfaces.

Zhu, Xiaoyang; Frisbie, C Daniel

2012-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

243

Position sensing by charge division  

SciTech Connect

A summary of a comprehensive analysis of theoretical and practical aspects of position sensing by charge division from resistive electrodes is presented. Properties of transformer decoupling of the resistive electrode from detector bias voltage are analyzed and compared to the usual capacitive decoupling methods. Optimization and limitiation of signal shaping is discussed as a function of diffusion time constant, signal rise times, and notes. (auth)

Alberi, J.L.; Radeka, V.

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Water is used for many purposes, includ-ing growing crops, producing copper,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WATER USES Water is used for many purposes, includ- ing growing crops, producing copper, generating electricity, watering lawns, keeping clean, drinking and recreation. Bal- ancing the water budget comes down of the water budget. Reducing demand involves re- ducing how much water each person uses, lim- iting the number

245

Optoelectronic devices utilizing materials having enhanced electronic transitions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An optoelectronic device that includes a material having enhanced electronic transitions. The electronic transitions are enhanced by mixing electronic states at an interface. The interface may be formed by a nano-well, a nano-dot, or a nano-wire.

Black, Marcie R. (Newton, MA)

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

246

Optoelectronic devices utilizing materials having enhanced electronic transitions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optoelectronic device that includes a material having enhanced electronic transitions. The electronic transitions are enhanced by mixing electronic states at an interface. The interface may be formed by a nano-well, a nano-dot, or a nano-wire.

Black, Marcie R.

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

247

Method for controlled hydrogen charging of metals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for controlling hydrogen charging of hydride forming metals through a window of a superimposed layer of a non-hydriding metal overlying the portion of the hydride forming metals to be charged.

Cheng, Bo-Ching (Fremont, CA); Adamson, Ronald B. (Fremont, CA)

1984-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

248

Vibrational mode and collision energy effects on reaction of H{sub 2}CO{sup +} with C{sub 2}H{sub 2}: Charge state competition and the role of Franck-Condon factors in endoergic charge transfer  

SciTech Connect

The effects of collision energy (E{sub col}) and six different H{sub 2}CO{sup +} vibrational states on the title reaction have been studied over the center-of-mass E{sub col} range from 0.1 to 2.6 eV, including measurements of product ion recoil velocity distributions. Ab initio and Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus calculations were used to examine the properties of complexes and transition states that might be important in mediating the reaction. Reaction is largely direct, despite the presence of multiple deep wells on the potential surface. Five product channels are observed, with a total reaction cross section at the collision limit. The competition among the major H{sub 2}{sup +} transfer, hydrogen transfer, and proton transfer channels is strongly affected by E{sub col} and H{sub 2}CO{sup +} vibrational excitation, providing insight into the factors that control competition and charge state 'unmixing' during product separation. One of the more interesting results is that endoergic charge transfer appears to be controlled by Franck-Condon factors, implying that it occurs at large inter-reactant separations, contrary to the expectation that endoergic reactions should require intimate collisions to drive the necessary energy conversion.

Liu Jianbo; Van Devener, Brian; Anderson, Scott L. [Department of Chemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112 (United States)

2005-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

249

Charged heavy vector boson production at the Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We evaluate the sensitivity of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) to charged heavy vector boson production followed by their decays to $W^\\pm Z^0$. We include the correlated decays of the gauge bosons to leptonic final states. With an integrated luminosity of $10^5$ pb$^{-1}$, charged technirhos in the minimal SU(N)$_{TC}$ model for $N\\geq 7$ yield signals with a significance larger than 5. In more general models, we explore the range of parameter space to which LHC experiments will be sensitive. Rapidity correlations exhibiting enhanced longitudinal gauge boson pair production are also shown.

Dal Soo Oh; M. H. Reno

1998-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

250

QCD Equation of State From a Chiral Hadronic Model Including Quark Degrees of Freedom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work presents an effective model for strongly interacting matter and the QCD equation of state (EoS). The model includes both hadron and quark degrees of freedom and takes into account the transition of chiral symmetry restoration as well as the deconfinement phase transition. At low temperatures $T$ and baryonic densities $\\rho_B$ a hadron resonance gas is described using a SU(3)-flavor sigma-omega model and a quark phase is introduced in analogy to PNJL models for higher $T$ and $\\rho_B$. In this way, the correct asymptotic degrees of freedom are used in a wide range of $T$ and $\\rho_B$. Here, results of this model concerning the chiral and deconfinement phase transitions and thermodynamic model properties are presented. Large hadron resonance multiplicities in the transition region emphasize the importance of heavy-mass resonance states in this region and their impact on the chiral transition behavior. The resulting phase diagram of QCD matter at small chemical potentials is in line with latest lattice QCD and thermal model results.

Philip Rau; Jan Steinheimer; Stefan Schramm; Horst Stöcker

2013-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

251

Compensated gain control circuit for buck regulator command charge circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A buck regulator command charge circuit includes a compensated-gain control signal for compensating for changes in the component values in order to achieve optimal voltage regulation. The compensated-gain control circuit includes an automatic-gain control circuit for generating a variable-gain control signal. The automatic-gain control circuit is formed of a precision rectifier circuit, a filter network, an error amplifier, and an integrator circuit.

Barrett, David M. (Albuquerque, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Non-intrusive refrigerant charge indicator - Energy ...  

... -phase refrigerant line section. The measured temperature can be used to determine the refrigerant charge status of an HVAC system, ...

253

Electrochemically controlled charging circuit for storage batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrochemically controlled charging circuit for charging storage batteries is disclosed. The embodiments disclosed utilize dc amplification of battery control current to minimize total energy expended for charging storage batteries to a preset voltage level. The circuits allow for selection of Zener diodes having a wide range of reference voltage levels. Also, the preset voltage level to which the storage batteries are charged can be varied over a wide range.

Onstott, E.I.

1980-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

254

CNST Researchers Observe Nanoscale Charge Transport in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The efficiency is strongly dependent on the material morphology, making ... of nanoscale charge transport in bulk heterojunction solar cells, BH ...

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

255

Electric charge quantization in SU(3)XSU(4)XU(1) models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain electric charge quantization in the context of models based on the gauge symmetry group SU(3) X SU(4) X U(1). The gauge models studied include three families to cancel out anomalies and a set of scalar fields to break spontaneously the symmetry. To show the electric charge quantization, we use clasical symmetry conditions and quantum quiral anomaly conditions.

J. M. Cabarcas; J. -Alexis Rodriguez

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

256

Theoretical assessment on the possibility of constraining point defect energetics by pseudo-phase transition pressures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Making use of the energetics and equations of state of defective uranium dioxide that calculated with first-principles method, we demonstrate a possibility of constraining the formation energy of point defects by measuring the transition pressures of the corresponding pseudo-phase of defects. The mechanically stable range of fluorite structure of UO2, which dictates the maximum possible pressure of relevant pseudo-phase transitions, gives rise to defect formation energies that span a wide band and overlap with the existing experimental estimates. We reveal that the knowledge about pseudo-phase boundaries can not only provide important information of energetics that is helpful for reducing the scattering in current estimates, but also be valuable for guiding theoretical assessments, even to validate or disprove a theory. In order to take defect interactions into account and to extrapolate the physical quantities at finite stoichiometry deviations to that near the stoichiometry, we develop a general formalism to describe the thermodynamics of a defective system. We also show that it is possible to include interactions among defects in a simple expression of point defect model (PDM) by introducing an auxiliary constant mean-field. This generalization of the simple PDM leads to great versatility that allows one to study nonlinear effects of stoichiometry deviation on materials' behavior. It is a powerful tool to extract the defect energetics from finite defect concentrations to the dilute limit. Besides these, the full content of the theoretical formalism and some relevant and interesting issues, including reentrant pseudo-transition, multi-defect coexistence, charged defects, and possible consequence of instantaneous defective response in a quantum crystal, are explored and discussed.

Hua Y. Geng; Hong X. Song; Q. Wu

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

257

Transitions for the People: Theory and Practice of `Transition' and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

respond to the challenges, and opportunities, of Peak Oil and Climate Change?" [Transition Network 2008 change and peak-oil. There is much of interest here, for academics of sustainability transitions

Watson, Andrew

258

Alternative fuel transit buses: The Pierce Transit Success Story  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Pierce transit program for operating mass transit buses on compressed natural gas (CNG) is described. Cost, reliability, fuel efficiency, emission of combustion products, and future trends are discussed.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Spin-Orbit Alignment of the TrES-4 Transiting Planetary System and Possible Additional Radial-Velocity Variation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report new radial velocities of the TrES-4 transiting planetary system, including observations of

Narita, Norio

260

POPCORN: privacy-preserving charging for emobility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Upcoming years will see a massive deployment of electric vehicles and, combined with this, of charging infrastructure. This will require protocols and standards that will control authentication, authorization, and billing of electric-vehicle charging. ... Keywords: electric vehicle charging, iso/iec 15118, privacy, privacy enhancing technologies, security

Christina Höfer, Jonathan Petit, Robert Schmidt, Frank Kargl

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A Novel Charge Recycling Approach to Low-Power  

SciTech Connect

A novel charge-recycling scheme has been designed and implemented to demonstrate the feasibility of operating digital circuits using the charge scavenged from the leakage and dynamic load currents inherent to digital logic. The proposed scheme uses capacitors to efficiently recover the ground-bound charge and to subsequently boost the capacitor voltage to power up the source circuit. This recycling methodology has been implemented on a 12-bit Gray-code counter within a 12-bit multichannel Wilkinson ADC. The circuit has been designed in 0.5 m BiCMOS and in 90nm CMOS processes. SPICE simulation results reveal a 46 53% average reduction in the energy consumption of the counter. The total energy savings including the control generation aggregates to an average of 26 34%.

Ulaganathan, Chandradevi [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Britton Jr, Charles L [ORNL; Holleman, Jeremy [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Blalock, Benjamin [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Direct Numerical Simulation of Electrokinetic Instability and Transition to Chaotic Motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new type of instability - electrokinetic instability - and an unusual transition to chaotic motion near a charge-selective surface was studied by numerical integration of the Nernst-Planck-Poisson-Stokes system and a weakly nonlinear analysis near the threshold of instability. Two kinds of initial conditions were considered: (a) white noise initial conditions to mimic "room disturbances" and subsequent natural evolution of the solution; (b) an artificial monochromatic ion distribution with a fixed wave number to simulate regular wave patterns. The results were studied from the viewpoint of hydrodynamic stability and bifurcation theory. The threshold of electroconvective movement was found by the linear spectral stability theory, the results of which were confirmed by numerical simulation of the entire system. The following regimes, which replace each other as the potential drop between the selective surfaces increases, were obtained: one-dimensional steady solution; two-dimensional steady electroconvective vortices (stationary point in a proper phase space); unsteady vortices aperiodically changing their parameters (homoclinic contour); periodic motion (limit cycle); and chaotic motion. The transition to chaotic motion did not include Hopf bifurcation. Numerical resolution of the thin concentration polarization layer showed spike-like charge profiles along the surface, which could be, depending on the regime, either steady or aperiodically coalescent. The numerical investigation confirmed the experimentally observed absence of regular (near-sinusoidal) oscillations for the overlimiting regimes. There is a qualitative agreement of the experimental and the theoretical values of the threshold of instability, the dominant size of the observed coherent structures, and the experimental and theoretical volt-current characteristics.

E. A. Demekhin; N. V. Nikitin; V. S. Shelistov

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

263

Subsidy for Energy Employee Transit (SEET) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Subsidy for Energy Employee Transit (SEET) Subsidy for Energy Employee Transit (SEET) Subsidy for Energy Employee Transit (SEET) The Subsidy for Energy Employees' Transit (SEET) program is designed to promote the use of public transportation to conserve energy resources and ease traffic congestion. DOE employees may enroll in the SEET program to receive monthly transit subsidy that can be used to help offset the commuting cost of getting to and from work. Many regional transit providers accept fare media from the SEET Program. Eligibility for participation in SEET is limited to DOE Federal employees not listed on a Federal parking permit; members of a vanpool (not to include the driver); and certain other employees who may be on temporary assignments to the Agency. Applicants must certify that the benefit will be

264

Heat capacity at the glass transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fundamental problem of glass transition is to explain the jump of heat capacity at the glass transition temperature $T_g$ without asserting the existence of a distinct solid glass phase. This problem is also common to other disordered systems, including spin glasses. We propose that if $T_g$ is defined as the temperature at which the liquid stops relaxing at the experimental time scale, the jump of heat capacity at $T_g$ follows as a necessary consequence due to the change of system's elastic, vibrational and thermal properties. In this picture, we discuss time-dependent effects of glass transition, and identify three distinct regimes of relaxation. Our approach explains widely observed logarithmic increase of $T_g$ with the quench rate and the correlation of heat capacity jump with liquid fragility.

Kostya Trachenko; Vadim Brazhkin

2010-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

265

Dynamics of Charged-particle Between the DC Voltage Biased Plane-Parallel Conductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The analytic description to an oscillating charged-particle between the DC voltage biased plane-parallel conductors is presented. Contrary to the traditional belief in which the oscillatory behavior of the charged-particle in a uniform DC field is attributed to the reversal in the sign of the particle's charge polarity as it rebounds between the two electrodes, the analytic description of the phenomenon presented in this work reveals that such requirement is not necessary for the charged-particle oscillation. Since the system involves a spatially oscillating charged-particle, it represents a natural prototype for illuminating electric dipole radiation. By varying the DC bias voltage across the plane-parallel electrodes, the frequency of radiated electromagnetic waves can be adjusted. The device based on charged-particle oscillation is predicted to generate the coherent electromagnetic waves in the microwave to the X-ray regions of the spectrum, which includes the technologically important terahertz, the infra...

Cho, Sung Nae

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Nanodisperse transition metal electrodes (NTME) for electrochemical cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are transition metal electrodes for electrochemical cells using gel-state and solid-state polymers. The electrodes are suitable for use in primary and secondary cells. The electrodes (either negative electrode or positive electrode) are characterized by uniform dispersion of the transition metal at the nanoscale in the polymer. The transition metal moiety is structurally amorphous, so no capacity fade should occur due to lattice expansion/contraction mechanisms. The small grain size, amorphous structure and homogeneous distribution provide improved charge/discharge cycling performance, and a higher initial discharge rate capability. The cells can be cycled at high current densities, limited only by the electrolyte conductivity. A method of making the electrodes (positive and negative), and their usage in electrochemical cells are disclosed.

Striebel, Kathryn A.; Wen, Shi-Jie

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Nanodisperse transition metal electrodes (NTME) for electrochemical cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are transition metal electrodes for electrochemical cells using gel-state and solid-state polymers. The electrodes are suitable for use in primary and secondary cells. The electrodes (either negative electrode or positive electrode) are characterized by uniform dispersion of the transition metal at the nanoscale in the polymer. The transition metal moiety is structurally amorphous, so no capacity fade should occur due to lattice expansion/contraction mechanisms. The small grain size, amorphous structure and homogeneous distribution provide improved charge/discharge cycling performance, and a higher initial discharge rate capability. The cells can be cycled at high current densities, limited only by the electrolyte conductivity. A method of making the electrodes (positive and negative), and their usage in electrochemical cells are disclosed.

Striebel, Kathryn A. (Oakland, CA); Wen, Shi-Jie (Sunnyvale, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

FE Transition Deliverables  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transition Deliverables Transition Deliverables To: Cynthia Quarterman From: Charles Roy, FE-3 Date: 12/04/08 Re: On 12/03/08 Cynthia Quarterman requested a list of major projects with quick starts and job creation from Vic Der. Attached is a hard copy of this document. An electronic version of this document will be submitted to Cynthia Quarterman through the Office of Management. If there are any questions, please contact Charles Roy at 202-586-8977. ,^ (^// Cc~y Major Projects with Quick Starts & Jobs Creation Office of Clean Coal Summary of Projects and Job Creation The following table outlines the near-term possibilities for projects that capture and sequester carbon from coal-based systems. The potential jobs associated with these activities are listed along with likely construction and operation dates. Since the funding

269

Alternative Fuel Transit Buses  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

35th St. Craig Ave. Alt Blvd. Colucci Pkwy. Final Results from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Vehicle Evaluation Program Final Results from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Vehicle Evaluation Program N T Y A U E O F E N E R G D E P A R T M E N I T E D S T A T S O F A E R I C M Produced for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), a U.S. DOE national laboratory Transit Buses Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Final Results from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Vehicle Evaluation Program by Robert Motta, Paul Norton, and Kenneth Kelly, NREL Kevin Chandler, Battelle Leon Schumacher, University of Missouri Nigel Clark,West Virginia University October 1996 The authors wish to thank all the transit agencies that participated in this program.

270

EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Range of Percent of Charging Units with a Vehicle Connected versus Time of Day Max percentage of charging units connected across all days Min percentage of charging units...

271

Charge It: The Promise of Plug-in Electric Hybrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our study found that a simple upgrade from 120-volt to240-volt charging outlets allowed for charging durationsaffordable conversion from 120-volt to 240-volt charging at

Recker, W.W.; Kang, J.E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Charge It: The Promise of Plug-in Electric Hybrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our study found that a simple upgrade from 120-volt to240-volt charging outlets allowed for charging durationsaffordable conversion from 120-volt to 240-volt charging at

Recker, W. W.; Kang, J. E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

U.S. Refinery Catalytic Hydrocracking, Gas Oil Downstream Charge ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cat. Hydro-Cracking Gas Oil Downstream Charge Capacity ; Cat. Hydro-Cracking Gas Oil Downstream Charge Capacity ; U.S. Downstream Charge Capacity of Operable ...

274

EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Max percentage of charging units connected across all days Inner-quartile range of charging units connected across all days Median percentage of charging units connected across all...

275

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems to Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace

276

Multifragmentation and nuclear phase transitions (liquid-fog and liquid-gas)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal multifragmentation of hot nuclei is interpreted as the nuclear liquid-fog phase transition. The charge distributions of the intermediate mass fragments produced in p(3.6 GeV) + Au and p(8.1 GeV) + Au collisions are analyzed within the statistical multifragmentation model with the critical temperature for the nuclear liquid-gas phase transition Tc as a free parameter. The analysis presented here provides strong support for a value of Tc > 15 MeV.

V. A. Karnaukhov; H. Oeschler; S. P. Avdeyev; V. K. Rodionov; A. V. Simomenko; V. V. Kirakosyan; A. Budzanowski; W. Karcz; I. Skwirczynska; E. A. Kuzmin; E. Norbeck; A. S. Botvina

2003-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

277

Outlook for Charged Higgs Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Almost all extensions of the Standard Model predict the existence of charged Higgs bosons. This talk focuses on the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM), which is relatively predictive. The outlook for detecting supersymmetric particles and Higgs bosons at the LHC are discussed, as are the prospects for finding indirect effects of supersymmetric Higgs bosons at low energies, e.g., in K decays. The outlook for discovering observable effects of CP-violating supersymmetric phases at high energies or in B decays is also mentioned.

John Ellis

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

278

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lynda.com to someone by E-mail lynda.com to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development

279

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BookFactory to someone by E-mail BookFactory to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness

280

Concerted Allosteric Transition Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

combined use of x-ray crystallography and solution small angle x-ray scattering has enabled a research collaboration involving scientists from Boston College and SSRL to provide structural evidence supporting a 30-year old model accounting for the cooperative binding of ligands to allosteric proteins and enzymes - a function central to physiology and cellular processes. combined use of x-ray crystallography and solution small angle x-ray scattering has enabled a research collaboration involving scientists from Boston College and SSRL to provide structural evidence supporting a 30-year old model accounting for the cooperative binding of ligands to allosteric proteins and enzymes - a function central to physiology and cellular processes. Over 30 years ago, two major models were developed to account for the cooperativity observed in oligomeric allosteric proteins such as hemoglobin, the oxygen carrier protein in blood: the concerted model, in which a protein has only two ”all-or-none” global states, vs. the sequential model that allows a number of different global conformational/energy states. Both, however, are based on just two local states of building blocks (subunits) in close analogy to magnetic spin states. In either model, a transition of one or more protein subunits leads to the global transition, in the case of hemoglobin, from the oxygen-releasing form to the oxygen-binding form, depending on the oxygen level in the blood stream. The concerted model, based on highly positive cooperativity, resembles the ferromagnetic phase transition, in which only two spin states account for the sharp phase transition between two global states. The sequential model, on the other hand, permits mixture of active and inactive subunits. Macol et al., constructed a version of an allosteric enzyme E. coli aspartate transcarbamoylase, which is composed of six equivalent catalytic monomers and six equivalent regulatory monomers in its native form, in such a way that only one of the six catalytic monomers could bind a substrate analog. Using solution x-ray scattering data recorded at BL4-2 to monitor the global structural state, they provided the first structural evidence that the transition of only one catalytic monomer is sufficient to transform the entire enzyme into the highly active state, lending strong support to the concerted model.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Charge neutralization apparatus for ion implantation system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus for neutralization of a workpiece such as a semiconductor wafer in a system wherein a beam of positive ions is applied to the workpiece. The apparatus includes an electron source for generating an electron beam and a magnetic assembly for generating a magnetic field for guiding the electron beam to the workpiece. The electron beam path preferably includes a first section between the electron source and the ion beam and a second section which is coincident with the ion beam. The magnetic assembly generates an axial component of magnetic field along the electron beam path. The magnetic assembly also generates a transverse component of the magnetic field in an elbow region between the first and second sections of the electron beam path. The electron source preferably includes a large area lanthanum hexaboride cathode and an extraction grid positioned in close proximity to the cathode. The apparatus provides a high current, low energy electron beam for neutralizing charge buildup on the workpiece.

Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA); Kunkel, Wulf B. (Berkeley, CA); Williams, Malcom D. (Danville, CA); McKenna, Charles M. (Boxford, MA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Three-Dimensional Analysis of Longitudinal Space Charge Microbunching Starting From Shot Noise  

SciTech Connect

The commissioning of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) injector showed unexpected coherent optical transition radiation (COTR) for an uncompressed electron bunch downstream of a dog-leg transport line. In this paper, we develop a three-dimensional analysis of longitudinal space charge microbunching to explain the phenomenon. Our analysis takes into account the transverse correlation of the longitudinal space charge field due to shot-noise startup and finite observation angles of the radiation. We also apply this analysis to the LCLS COTR observations.

Ratner, D.; Chao, A.; Huang, Z.

2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

283

Excited states of the bacteriochlorophyll b dimer of rhodopseudomonas viridis. A QM/MM study of the photosynthetic reaction center that includes MM polarization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a hybrid quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) model for microscopic solvation effects that includes polarizability in the MM region (QM/MMpol). QM/MMpol treatment of both ground and excited states is presented in the formalism. We present QM/MMpol analysis of the ground and electronic excited states of the bacteriochlorophyll b dimer (P) of the photosynthetic reaction center (RC) of Rhodopseudomonas viridis using the INDO/S method. The static-charge potential from the MM model of the RC alone causes Q{sub y1} to have significantly better agreement with the Stark effect results than isolated P. However, consideration of the protein polarization potential is further required to obtain more complete agreement with Stark effect experiments. Thus, we calculate a Q{sub y1} transition energy at 10826 cm{sup -1} with a ground to excited state change in dipole moment of 4.8 D; an absorption Stark effect angle of 43{degree}; a net shift of 0.15 electrons from the L subunit to the M subunit of P; and a linear dichroism angle (between the transition moment of Q{sub y1} and the pseudo-C{sub 2} axis of the RC) of 81{degree}. These results are in good agreement with experiment. Interestingly, we find that net CT increase is greater for Q{sub y1} than for the second excited state of P (Q{sub y2}), a result that we anticipated in an early model dimer study. 77 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Thompson, M.A.; Schenter, G.K. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1995-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

284

Site Transition Process Upon Cleanup Completion | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Process Upon Cleanup Completion Site Transition Process Upon Cleanup Completion Site Transition Process Upon Cleanup Completion Site Transition Process Upon Cleanup Completion More...

285

Transit Infrastructure Finance Through Station Location Auctions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as the primary transit infrastructure finance method.Paper 2009-04 Transit Infrastructure Finance Through StationWP-2009-04 Transit Infrastructure Finance Through Station

Ian Carlton

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Evaluation Methods for Rail Transit Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluation Methodsfor Rail Transit Projects Robert AEvaluation Methods for Rail Transit Projects Robert A.pie EVALUATION METHODS FOR RAIL TRANSIT PROJECTS ROBERT

Johnston, Robert A.; DeLuchi, Mark A.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Transition Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transition Zone Geothermal Region (Redirected from Transition Zone) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Transition Zone Geothermal Region edit Details...

288

Transition of Sites from Environmental Management Memorandum...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transition of Sites from Environmental Management Memorandum of Understanding Transition of Sites from Environmental Management Memorandum of Understanding Transition of Sites from...

289

X-ray Transition Energies Search Form  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

[skip navigation] X-ray Transition Energies Database Main Page Search for X-ray transition energies by element(s), transition ...

290

Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit) Fuel Cell Transit Buses: Preliminary Evaluation Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides an evaluation of three prototype fuel cell-powered transit buses operating at AC Transit in Oakland, California, and six baseline diesel buses similar in design to the fuel cell buses.

Chandler, K.; Eudy, L.

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Office of Legacy Management Buildings Included on EMS Reports...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Legacy Management Buildings Included on EMS Reports Office of Legacy Management Buildings Included on EMS Reports Office of Legacy Management Buildings Included on EMS...

292

Photoinduced Charge-Transfer Materials For Nonlinear Optical...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Technology & Communications Photoinduced Charge-Transfer Materials For Nonlinear Optical Applications Photoinduced Charge-Transfer Materials For Nonlinear Optical...

293

King County Metro Transit: Allison Hybrid Electric Transit Bus Laboratory Testing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Paper summarizes chassis dynamometer testing of two 60-foot articulated transit buses, one conventional and one hybrid, at NREL's ReFUEL Laboratory. It includes experimental setup, test procedures, and results from vehicle testing performed at the NREL ReFUEL laboratory.

Hayes, R. R.; Williams, A.; Ireland, J.; Walkowicz, K.

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Battery charger with transducer for controlling charge rate  

SciTech Connect

Disclosed herein is an apparatus for charging a battery including a case containing at least one cell formed of a pair of electrodes immersed in an electrolyte. The apparatus includes a transducer associated with the battery and operable without sensing gas pressure in the battery case for providing a variable signal output in response to electrolyte gassing within the battery case. The apparatus also includes a control circuit arrangement coupled to the signal output for providing a variable control output in response to the signal output, and a battery charger connected to the battery electrodes and operable for charging the battery at a rate subject to the variable control output. In one embodiment of the invention, the transducer is a sound transducer, preferably a ceramic microphone, which provides a variable signal output in response to sound generated within the battery case. In another embodiment, the transducer is a fluid vibration transducer, preferably utilizing a piezo-electric element, which provides a variable signal output in response to fluid vibration in the battery electrolyte. In another embodiment , the battery charger includes a battery temperature detector, preferably utilizing a thermistor, which prevents the battery charger from charging the battery when the temperature of the battery electrolyte exceeds a predetermined upper limit or electrolyte level is low.

Krueger, W.R.

1983-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

295

Cooling air recycling for gas turbine transition duct end frame and related method  

SciTech Connect

A method of cooling a transition duct end frame in a gas turbine includes the steps of a) directing cooling air into the end frame from a region external of the transition duct and the impingement cooling sleeve; and b) redirecting the cooling air from the end frame into the annulus between the transition duct and the impingement cooling sleeve.

Cromer, Robert Harold (Johnstown, NY); Bechtel, William Theodore (Scotia, NY); Sutcu, Maz (Niskayuna, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Charge asymmetry of top quarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LHC is a promising machine to discover new physics in the top sector. There are several models that predict the existence of heavy colored resonances decaying to top quarks in the TeV energy range. The production of such resonances might generate a sizable charge asymmetry of top versus antitop quarks. At the Tevatron, a 2 sigma discrepancy with the SM prediction for the forward--backward asymmetry has been found, boosting a renewed interest for this kind of models. We consider a toy model with general flavour dependent couplings of the resonance to quarks, of both vector and axial-vector kind and investigate the possible constraints on the coupling space from the measurement of the asymmetry and the invariant mass distribution at the Tevatron. Then, we define a central asymmetry in a specific kinematic region and investigate its signature at the LHC as well as its statistical significance, for exclusive processes.

Ferrario, Paola

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Charge asymmetry of top quarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LHC is a promising machine to discover new physics in the top sector. There are several models that predict the existence of heavy colored resonances decaying to top quarks in the TeV energy range. The production of such resonances might generate a sizable charge asymmetry of top versus antitop quarks. At the Tevatron, a 2 sigma discrepancy with the SM prediction for the forward--backward asymmetry has been found, boosting a renewed interest for this kind of models. We consider a toy model with general flavour dependent couplings of the resonance to quarks, of both vector and axial-vector kind and investigate the possible constraints on the coupling space from the measurement of the asymmetry and the invariant mass distribution at the Tevatron. Then, we define a central asymmetry in a specific kinematic region and investigate its signature at the LHC as well as its statistical significance, for exclusive processes.

Paola Ferrario; German Rodrigo

2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

298

Transit, Employment and Women on Welfare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reported transit and car usage and on the numberof timescar as an Important factor m determining transit usage Forcar and higher levels of transit access Theestimated coefficients of the multlvanateloglt regressions for transit usage

Ong, Paul M.; Houston, Douglas

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Transit, Employment and Women on Welfare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reported transit and car usage and on the numberof timescar as an Important factor m determining transit usage Forcar and higher levels of transit access Theestimated coefficients of the multlvanateloglt regressions for transit usage

Ong, Paul M.; Houston, Douglas

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Charged fermions tunneling from regular black holes  

SciTech Connect

We study Hawking radiation of charged fermions as a tunneling process from charged regular black holes, i.e., the Bardeen and ABGB black holes. For this purpose, we apply the semiclassical WKB approximation to the general covariant Dirac equation for charged particles and evaluate the tunneling probabilities. We recover the Hawking temperature corresponding to these charged regular black holes. Further, we consider the back-reaction effects of the emitted spin particles from black holes and calculate their corresponding quantum corrections to the radiation spectrum. We find that this radiation spectrum is not purely thermal due to the energy and charge conservation but has some corrections. In the absence of charge, e = 0, our results are consistent with those already present in the literature.

Sharif, M., E-mail: msharif.math@pu.edu.pk; Javed, W., E-mail: wajihajaved84@yahoo.com [University of the Punjab, Department of Mathematics (Pakistan)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Circular, confined distribution for charged particle beams  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A charged particle beam line is formed with magnetic optics that manipulate the charged particle beam to form the beam having a generally rectangular configuration to a circular beam cross-section having a uniform particle distribution at a predetermined location. First magnetic optics form a charged particle beam to a generally uniform particle distribution over a square planar area at a known first location. Second magnetic optics receive the charged particle beam with the generally square configuration and affect the charged particle beam to output the charged particle beam with a phase-space distribution effective to fold corner portions of the beam toward the core region of the beam. The beam forms a circular configuration having a generally uniform spatial particle distribution over a target area at a predetermined second location. 26 figs.

Garnett, R.W.; Dobelbower, M.C.

1995-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

302

Circular, confined distribution for charged particle beams  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A charged particle beam line is formed with magnetic optics that manipulate the charged particle beam to form the beam having a generally rectangular configuration to a circular beam cross-section having a uniform particle distribution at a predetermined location. First magnetic optics form a charged particle beam to a generally uniform particle distribution over a square planar area at a known first location. Second magnetic optics receive the charged particle beam with the generally square configuration and affect the charged particle beam to output the charged particle beam with a phase-space distribution effective to fold corner portions of the beam toward the core region of the beam. The beam forms a circular configuration having a generally uniform spatial particle distribution over a target area at a predetermined second location.

Garnett, Robert W. (Los Alamos, NM); Dobelbower, M. Christian (Toledo, OH)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Review of Variable Generation Integration Charges  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The growth of wind and solar generation in the United States, and the expectation of continued growth of these technologies, dictates that the future power system will be operated in a somewhat different manner because of increased variability and uncertainty. A small number of balancing authorities have attempted to determine an 'integration cost' to account for these changes to their current operating practices. Some balancing authorities directly charge wind and solar generators for integration charges, whereas others add integration charges to projected costs of wind and solar in integrated resource plans or in competitive solicitations for generation. This report reviews the balancing authorities that have calculated variable generation integration charges and broadly compares and contrasts the methodologies they used to determine their specific integration charges. The report also profiles each balancing authority and how they derived wind and solar integration charges.

Porter, K.; Fink, S.; Buckley, M.; Rogers, J.; Hodge, B. M.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Single-layer transition metal sulfide catalysts  

SciTech Connect

Transition Metal Sulfides (TMS), such as molybdenum disulfide (MoS.sub.2), are the petroleum industry's "workhorse" catalysts for upgrading heavy petroleum feedstocks and removing sulfur, nitrogen and other pollutants from fuels. We have developed an improved synthesis technique to produce SLTMS catalysts, such as molybdenum disulfide, with potentially greater activity and specificity than those currently available. Applications for this technology include heavy feed upgrading, in-situ catalysis, bio-fuel conversion and coal liquefaction.

Thoma, Steven G. (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

305

Single-layer transition metal sulfide catalysts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Transition Metal Sulfides (TMS), such as molybdenum disulfide (MoS.sub.2), are the petroleum industry's "workhorse" catalysts for upgrading heavy petroleum feedstocks and removing sulfur, nitrogen and other pollutants from fuels. We have developed an improved synthesis technique to produce SLTMS catalysts, such as molybdenum disulfide, with potentially greater activity and specificity than those currently available. Applications for this technology include heavy feed upgrading, in-situ catalysis, bio-fuel conversion and coal liquefaction.

Thoma, Steven G. (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

306

Building America Expert Meeting Report: Transitioning Traditional...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report: Transitioning Traditional HVAC Contractors to Whole House Performance Contractors Building America Expert Meeting Report: Transitioning Traditional HVAC Contractors to...

307

Doubly charged Higgsinos at the Tevatron  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several supersymmetric models with extended gauge structures, motivated by either grand unification or by neutrino mass generation, predict light doubly charged Higgsinos. In this work we study the signals of doubly charged Higgsinos at the Tevatron in both pair- and single-production modes, and show that it is possible, especially from the events containing same-sign same-flavor isolated leptons, to disentangle the effects of doubly charged Higgsinos in the Tevatron data.

Demir, Durmus A. [Department of Physics, Izmir Institute of Technology, IZTECH, TR35430 Izmir (Turkey); Frank, Mariana; Turan, Ismail [Department of Physics, Concordia University, 7141 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec, H4B 1R6 (Canada); Ghosh, Dilip Kumar [Department of Theoretical Physics and Centre for Theoretical Sciences, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, 2A and 2B Raja S.C. Mullick Road, Kolkata 700 032 (India); Huitu, Katri; Rai, Santosh Kumar [Department of Physics, University of Helsinki (Finland) and Helsinki Institute of Physics, Post Office Box 64, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki (Finland)

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and explore additional installations at its corporate headquarters near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Fast Facts Joined the Workplace Charging Challenge: February 27, 2013...

309

Randomly charged polymers in porous environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the conformational properties of charged polymers in a solvent in the presence of structural obstacles correlated according to a power law \\sim x^{-a}. We work within the continuous representation of a model of linear chain considered as a random sequence of charges $q_i=\\pm q_0$. Such a model captures the properties of polyampholytes -- heteropolymers, comprising both positively and negatively charged monomers. We apply the direct polymer renormalization scheme and analyze the scaling behavior of charged polymers up to the first order of an $\\epsilon=6-d$, $\\delta=4-a$-expansion.

V. Blavatska; C. von Ferber

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

310

Societal Benefits Charge | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Societal Benefits Charge Societal Benefits Charge Societal Benefits Charge < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government General Public/Consumer Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Public Benefits Fund Provider New Jersey Board of Public Utilities New Jersey's 1999 electric-utility restructuring legislation created a "societal benefits charge" (SBC) to support investments in energy efficiency and "Class I" renewable energy. The SBC funds New Jersey's Clean Energy Program (NJCEP), a statewide initiative administered by the

311

Electric Vehicle Charging Levels and Requirements Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and certification Safety standards and certification * Charging definitions * EVSE ( (electric vehicle supp pp y ly eq quip pment) ) examp ples * Installation requirements * Siting...

312

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development Plug-in Electric Vehicle Basics Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: CFV Solar Test Laboratory,...

313

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print The deceivingly simple appearance of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone...

314

Wafer-scale charge isolation technique  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method are described which improve the performance of charge-coupled devices (CCD) in the presence of ionizing radiation. The invention is a wafer scale charge isolation technique which inhibits or reduces the flow of electrons created by the passage of ionizing radiation in the bulk regions of a silicon CCD. The technique has been tested in a device designed for operating in the infra-red wavelength band. The technique prevents charge from reaching the active charge collection volume of a pixel in a CCD.

Colella, N.J.; Kimbrough, J.R.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

315

Charge-collection mechanisms of heterostructure FETs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ion- and laser-induced charge-collection transients measured for AlGaAs/InGaAs heterostructure insulated-gate field-effect transistors (HIGFETs) reveal evidence for two mechanisms of enhanced charge collection: a channel-modulation mechanism that dominates the charge-collection processes at positive gate biases and can persist for several nanoseconds; and a parasitic bipolar transistor mechanism that shows a sensitive dependence on the density of free carriers injected into the device, and is complete within a few hundred picoseconds. The results reinforce the utility of the laser technique for investigating the charge-collection mechanisms of semiconductor devices.

McMorrow, D.; Melinger, J.S.; Thantu, N.; Campbell, A.B. (Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States)); Weatherford, T.R.; Knudson, A.R.; Tran, L.H. (SFA, Inc., Landover, MD (United States)); Peczalski, A. (Honeywell, Inc., Bloomington, MN (United States))

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Charge Carrier Chemistry in Nanoscopic Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Defect chemistry is explored in space charge zones with emphasis on mesoscopic situations. After a general overview two representative

317

Energy Distribution of a Charged Regular  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the energy distribution of a charged regular black hole by using the energy-momentum complexes of Einstein and Møller.

Black Hole; I. Radinschi

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Wireless Charging System for Electric Vehicles  

Technology Summary ORNL researchers have made wireless power transfer more efficient by using an air core ... communication system in the wireless charging apparatus.

319

Consumers (Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure) Consumer...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CONSUMERS (CONSUMER ACCEPTANCE AND CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE) EV Everywhere Workshop July 30, 2012 Consumer Acceptance Group A Breakout Session 1 - Brainstorm Consumer Acceptance...

320

Wireless Charging System for Electric Vehicles  

OEM Electric Vehicles OEM EV Manufacturers Plug-in; internal technology development Street / highway in-motion charging systems Federal / State / Local

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Schneider Electric to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Schneider Electric on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies...

322

Vehicle Technologies Office: EV Everywhere Workplace Charging...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

worksites, and a best practice goal of assessing and meeting all PEV-driving employee demand. Take action by implementing a plan to install charging stations for their...

323

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Basics Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Hertz Hertz has embraced plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) as an integral part of both employee commutes and business rentals....

324

Slow Wave Structures for Charged Particle Applications  

of light in free space. This slower wave speed is important for acceleration of charged particles. The special shape of the cross-

325

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

current public charging already exists across the country. Tools and Resources The AFDC offers a large collection of helpful tools. These calculators, interactive maps, and...

326

Global Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Database Global Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Database Agency/Company /Organization: EMBARQ Complexity/Ease of Use: Not Available Website: www.brtdata.org/ Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/global-bus-rapid-transit-brt-database Language: English Related Tools European Green Cars Initiative Guidelines and Toolkits for Urban Transport Development in Medium Sized Cities in India Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Final Report ... further results Find Another Tool FIND TRANSPORTATION TOOLS This tool provides public access to current data about bus rapid transit systems around the world, including data for the design, performance, and cost of these systems. The database can be filtered by location or

327

Transits and Occultations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When we are fortunate enough to view an exoplanetary system nearly edge-on, the star and planet periodically eclipse each other. Observations of eclipses (transits and occultations) provide a bonanza of information that cannot be obtained from radial-velocity data alone, such as the relative dimensions of the planet and its host star, as well as the orientation of the planet's orbit relative to the sky plane and relative to the stellar rotation axis. The wavelength-dependence of the eclipse signal gives clues about the the temperature and composition of the planetary atmosphere. Anomalies in the timing or other properties of the eclipses may betray the presence of additional planets or moons. Searching for eclipses is also a productive means of discovering new planets. This chapter reviews the basic geometry and physics of eclipses, and summarizes the knowledge that has been gained through eclipse observations, as well as the information that might be gained in the future.

Winn, Joshua N

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Public Benefit Charge Funded Performance Contracting Programs - Survey  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Public Benefit Charge Funded Performance Contracting Programs - Survey Public Benefit Charge Funded Performance Contracting Programs - Survey and Guidelines Title Public Benefit Charge Funded Performance Contracting Programs - Survey and Guidelines Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown Year of Publication 2000 Authors Schiller, Steven R., Charles A. Goldman, and Brian Henderson Pagination 20 Date Published 08/2000 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract This paper discusses the evolution of performance contracting programs that are included in energy efficiency activities supported by Public Benefit Charge (PBC) funds. Between 1998 and 2002, on the order of $400 million of ratepayer funds are or expected to be committed for these programs in California, Colorado, New York, Texas, and Wisconsin. We summarize several programs that encourage performance-based contracting either through standard performance contracting (e.g., California, New York and Texas), demandside bidding (Colorado) or contractor support programs (Wisconsin). The programs are selected in part to illustrate differing program objectives as well as the relationship between goals and program design. Our major findings and recommendations are:

329

Inherently Global Nature of Topological Charge Fluctuations in QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have recently presented evidence that in configurations dominating the regularized pure-glue QCD path integral, the topological charge density constructed from overlap Dirac operator organizes into an ordered space-time structure. It was pointed out that, among other properties, this structure exhibits two important features: it is low-dimensional and geometrically global, i.e. consisting of connected sign-coherent regions with local dimensions 1intense topological charge density. To the contrary, the susceptibility saturates only after the space-time regions with most intense fields are included, such that geometrically global structure is already formed. We demonstrate this result both at the fundamental level (full topological density) and at low energy (effective density). The drastic mismatch between the point of fluctuation saturation (~ 50% of space-time at low energy) and that of global structure formation (energy) indicates that the ordered space-time structure in topological charge is inherently global and that topological charge fluctuations in QCD cannot be understood in terms of individual localized pieces. Description in terms of global brane-like objects should be sought instead.

I. Horvath; A. Alexandru; J. B. Zhang; Y. Chen; S. J. Dong; T. Draper; F. X. Lee; K. F. Liu; N. Mathur; S. Tamhankar; H. B. Thacker

2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

330

Electromagnetic field of a charge intersecting a cold plasma boundary in a waveguide  

SciTech Connect

We analyze the electromagnetic field of a charge crossing a boundary between a vacuum and cold plasma in a waveguide. We obtain exact expressions for the field components and the spectral density of the transition radiation. With the steepest descent technique, we investigate the field components. We show that the electromagnetic field has a different structure in a vacuum than in cold plasma. We also develop an algorithm for the computation of the field based on a certain transformation of the integration path. The behavior of the field depending on distance and time and the spectral density depending on frequency are explored for different charge velocities. Some important physical effects are noted. A considerable increase and concentration of the field near the wave front in the plasma is observed for the case of ultrarelativistic particles. In the plasma, the mode envelopes and spectral density show zero points when the charge velocity is within certain limits.

Alekhina, Tatiana Yu.; Tyukhtin, Andrey V. [Radiophysics Department of St. Petersburg University, 1 Ulyanovskaya, St. Petersburg 198504 (Russian Federation)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

331

Aspects of charge recombination and charge transport in organic solar cells and light-emitting devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, aspects of charge reconbination and charge transport in organic solar cells and light-emitting devices are presented. These devices show promise relative to traditional inorganic semiconductors. We show ...

Difley, Seth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Transit administration and planning research  

SciTech Connect

The 10 papers in the report deal with the following areas: Evaluation of demand-management strategies for Toledo's year 2010 transportation plan; Accommodating deaf and hard-of-hearing persons on public transportation systems in Massachusetts; Quick approach to compare highway and bus transit alternatives using the arterial analysis package; Panel survey approach to measuring transit route service elasticity of demand; UMTA and major investments: evaluation process and results; Using early performance to project transit route ridership: comparison of methods; Institutional requirements for competition: labor issues; Updating ride checks with multiple point checks; Producing section 15 service-consumed data: challenge for large transit; Parkrose targeted marketing campaign pass-incentive program.

de Corla-Souza; Gupta.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Transit, Density, and Residential Satisfaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-Speed Rail," Fourteenth Australasian Transport ResearchRail Transit Stations and Property Values: A Hedonic Price Approach," in Transportation Research

Shaw, John G.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Effects of image charges, interfacial charge discreteness, and surface roughness on the zeta potential of spherical electric double layers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the effects of image charges, interfacial charge discreteness, and surface roughness on spherical electric double layers in electrolyte solutions with divalent counter-ions in the setting of the primitive model. By using Monte Carlo simulations and the image charge method, the zeta potential profile and the integrated charge distribution function are computed for varying surface charge strengths and salt concentrations. Systematic comparisons were carried out between three distinct models for interfacial charges: 1) SURF1 with uniform surface charges, 2) SURF2 with discrete point charges on the interface, and 3) SURF3 with discrete interfacial charges and finite excluded volume. By comparing the integrated charge distribution function (ICDF) and potential profile, we argue that the potential at the distance of one ion diameter from the macroion surface is a suitable location to define the zeta potential. In SURF2 model, we find that image charge effects strongly enhance charge inversion for monovalent interfacial charges, and strongly suppress charge inversion for multivalent interfacial charges. For SURF3, the image charge effect becomes much smaller. Finally, with image charges in action, we find that excluded volumes (in SURF3) suppress charge inversion for monovalent interfacial charges and enhance charge inversion for multivalent interfacial charges. Overall, our results demonstrate that all these aspects, i.e., image charges, interfacial charge discreteness, their excluding volumes have significant impacts on the zeta potential, and thus the structure of electric double layers.

Zecheng Gan; Xiangjun Xing; Zhenli Xu

2012-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

335

The Charge Induced on a Conducting Cylinder by a Point Charge and Its Application to the Measurement of Charge on Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solution of the electrostatic boundary value problem for a point charge inside an infinite cylinder is applied to sensors employed in the measurement of charge on precipitation. With these devices the charge induced on a cylindrical segment ...

Andrew J. Weinheimer

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Beep Beep! King County, Washington Is Charging Up Savings | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Beep Beep! King County, Washington Is Charging Up Savings Beep Beep! King County, Washington Is Charging Up Savings Beep Beep! King County, Washington Is Charging Up Savings April 12, 2011 - 5:48pm Addthis April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? King County used a $6.1 million grant to conduct energy efficiency upgrades. Upgrades included the installation of electric vehicle charging stations, county vehicle fleet upgrades and senior housing energy improvements. The county is helping lead a regional effort to install electric vehicle charging stations at strategic locations across the Puget Sound area. Residents of King County, Washington, are seeing several improvements in their community thanks to a $6.1 million Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG). The grant, which is funded by the

337

Development and Testing of Commercial Prototype Wind-Electric Battery Charging Station  

SciTech Connect

The technical aspects of charging 12-volt (V) batteries with a small permanent magnet wind-turbine generator suggested that a special battery-charging station be developed. Scientists at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) conducted research on several possible configurations of wind-electric battery-charging stations. Based on preliminary modeling and test results, the optimal system for this application was the one with individual charge controllers. This paper presents the development efforts and test results of a commercial prototype wind-electric battery-charging station designed and manufactured by Ascension Technology, a Division of Applied Power Corporation (APC). The system, which is powered by a 3-kilowatt (kW) wind turbine, was tested at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The paper discusses control strategies to improve system performance, and includes recommendations for system integrators based on the testing experience accumulated at the NWTC.

Gevorgian, V.; Corbus, D.; Kern, G.

2000-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

338

Charging generator for a vehicle  

SciTech Connect

A charging generator is described for a vehicle, comprising: an annular casing having an axis, and having a radially outer periphery and front and rear axial side walls defined by axially spaced front and rear brackets which are fixed to one another; a rotary shaft extending through the casing along the axis and being rotatably supported by bearings of the front and rear brackets; a rotor mounted on the rotary shaft; a stator fixed to one of the brackets; at least one window in the front bracket, at least a portion of at least one window extending along a portion of the outer periphery between the rotor and the front side wall; and partition plate fixed within the front bracket between the rotor and the front side wall, the partition plate extending radially to at least one window being spaced from the rotor and the front side wall to divide each at least one window into an air intake window and an air discharge window, the air intake and discharge windows being connected by a radially extending air inlet passage on one side of the partition plate and a radially extending air discharge passage on the other side of the partition plate.

Gotoh, H.

1987-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

339

Gravitating Dyons with Large Electric Charge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider non-Abelian dyons in Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs theory. The dyons are spherically symmetric with unit magnetic charge. For large values of the electric charge the dyons approach limiting solutions, related to the Penney solutions of Einstein-Maxwell-scalar theory.

Rustam Ibadov; Burkhard Kleihaus; Jutta Kunz; Ulrike Neemann

2007-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

340

PRECISE CHARGE MEASUREMENT FOR LASER PLASMA ACCELERATORS  

SciTech Connect

Cross-calibrations of charge diagnostics are conducted to verify their validity for measuring electron beams produced by laser plasma accelerators (LPAs). Employed diagnostics are a scintillating screen, activation based measurement, and integrating current transformer. The diagnostics agreed within {+-}8 %, showing that they can provide accurate charge measurements for LPAs provided they are used properly.

Nakamura, Kei; Gonsalves, Anthony; Lin, Chen; Sokollik, Thomas; Shiraishi, Satomi; Tilborg, Jeroen van; Osterhoff, Jens; Donahue, Rich; Rodgers, David; Smith, Alan; Byrne, Warren; Leemans, Wim

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Adaptive Battery Charge Scheduling with Bursty Workloads  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Adaptive Battery Charge Scheduling with Bursty Workloads Dylan Lexie , Shan Lin, and Jie Wu.wu@temple.edu Abstract--Battery-powered wireless sensor devices need to be charged to provide the desired functionality after deployment. Task or even device failures can occur if the voltage of the battery is low

Wu, Jie

342

Charging system for nickel-zing batteries  

SciTech Connect

A source of constant current or constant power supplies charging current to a nickel-zinc battery to produce a generally S-shaped battery voltage waveform. To improve battery life, charging is terminated at the inflection point where the slope of the battery voltage changes from increasing to decreasing.

Jones, R. A.; Reoch, W. D.

1985-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

343

Charged Black Holes in New Massive Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct charged black hole solutions to three-dimensional New Massive Gravity (NMG), by adding electromagnetic Maxwell and Chern-Simons actions. We find charged black holes in the form of warped AdS_3 and "log" solutions in specific critical point. The entropy, mass and angular momentum of these black holes are computed.

Ghodsi, Ahmad

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

APOSTLE: 11 TRANSIT OBSERVATIONS OF TrES-3b  

SciTech Connect

The Apache Point Survey of Transit Lightcurves of Exoplanets (APOSTLE) observed 11 transits of TrES-3b over two years in order to constrain system parameters and look for transit timing and depth variations. We describe an updated analysis protocol for APOSTLE data, including the reduction pipeline, transit model, and Markov Chain Monte Carlo analyzer. Our estimates of the system parameters for TrES-3b are consistent with previous estimates to within the 2{sigma} confidence level. We improved the errors (by 10%-30%) on system parameters such as the orbital inclination (i {sub orb}), impact parameter (b), and stellar density ({rho}{sub *}) compared to previous measurements. The near-grazing nature of the system, and incomplete sampling of some transits, limited our ability to place reliable uncertainties on individual transit depths and hence we do not report strong evidence for variability. Our analysis of the transit timing data shows no evidence for transit timing variations and our timing measurements are able to rule out super-Earth and gas giant companions in low-order mean motion resonance with TrES-3b.

Kundurthy, P.; Becker, A. C.; Agol, E.; Barnes, R.; Williams, B. [Astronomy Department, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)] [Astronomy Department, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)

2013-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

345

A User Programmable Battery Charging System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rechargeable batteries are found in almost every battery powered application. Be it portable, stationary or motive applications, these batteries go hand in hand with battery charging systems. With energy harvesting being targeted in this day and age, high energy density and longer lasting batteries with efficient charging systems are being developed by companies and original equipment manufacturers. Whatever the application may be, rechargeable batteries, which deliver power to a load or system, have to be replenished or recharged once their energy is depleted. Battery charging systems must perform this replenishment by using very fast and efficient methods to extend battery life and to increase periods between charges. In this regard, they have to be versatile, efficient and user programmable to increase their applications in numerous battery powered systems. This is to reduce the cost of using different battery chargers for different types of battery powered applications and also to provide the convenience of rare battery replacement and extend the periods between charges. This thesis proposes a user programmable charging system that can charge a Lithium ion battery from three different input sources, i.e. a wall outlet, a universal serial bus (USB) and an energy harvesting system. The proposed charging system consists of three main building blocks, i.e. a pulse charger, a step down DC to DC converter and a switching network system, to extend the number of applications it can be used for. The switching network system is to allow charging of a battery via an energy harvesting system, while the step down converter is used to provide an initial supply voltage to kick start the energy harvesting system. The pulse charger enables the battery to be charged from a wall outlet or a USB network. It can also be reconfigured to charge a Nickel Metal Hydride battery. The final design is implemented on an IBM 0.18µm process. Experimental results verify the concept of the proposed charging system. The pulse charger is able to be reconfigured as a trickle charger and a constant current charger to charge a Li-ion battery and a Nickel Metal Hydride battery, respectively. The step down converter has a maximum efficiency of 90% at an input voltage of 3V and the charging of the battery via an energy harvesting system is also verified.

Amanor-Boadu, Judy M

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines: British  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines: British Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines: British Columbia Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines: British Columbia Agency/Company /Organization: Natural Resources Canada, British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority Focus Area: Vehicles Topics: Best Practices Website: www.bchydro.com/etc/medialib/internet/documents/environment/EVcharging A major component of winning public acceptance for plug-in vehicles is the streamlining of the private electric vehicle charging or supply equipment permitting and installation process as well as the public and commercial availability of charging locations. These guidelines are intended to anticipate the questions and requirements to ensure customer satisfaction.

347

On the charge of the photon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The papers setting upper bounds on the value of electric charge of the photon are briefly reviewed. The theoretical framework of these bounds is shown to be incomplete. Hence the bounds seem to be unreliable. There exists about a dozen of papers questioning the neutrality of photon and setting an upper limit on its charge. The title of the first paper [1] was “Experimental limit on the “charge ” of the photon”. Please note that the word “charge ” was in quotation marks, which, I suspect, reflected the scepticism of the authors. They searched for the effect of electric field V = 20 kv on the energy of 14.4 KeV photons emitted by Fe 57 and investigated with the use of recoilless resonance scattering. Neither an energy shift nor a line broadening has been observed allowing the authors to set the limit e?/e < 10 ?15. The authors of experiment [2] were searching for small charge (<

L. B. Okun

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Cooper pairing near charged black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that a quartic contact interaction between charged fermions can lead to Cooper pairing and a superconducting instability in the background of a charged asymptotically Anti-de Sitter black hole. For a massless fermion we obtain the zero mode analytically and compute the dependence of the critical temperature T_c on the charge of the fermion. The instability we find occurs at charges above a critical value, where the fermion dispersion relation near the Fermi surface is linear. The critical temperature goes to zero as the marginal Fermi liquid is approached, together with the density of states at the Fermi surface. Besides the charge, the critical temperature is controlled by a four point function of a fermionic operator in the dual strongly coupled field theory.

Hartman, Thomas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Cooper pairing near charged black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that a quartic contact interaction between charged fermions can lead to Cooper pairing and a superconducting instability in the background of a charged asymptotically Anti-de Sitter black hole. For a massless fermion we obtain the zero mode analytically and compute the dependence of the critical temperature T_c on the charge of the fermion. The instability we find occurs at charges above a critical value, where the fermion dispersion relation near the Fermi surface is linear. The critical temperature goes to zero as the marginal Fermi liquid is approached, together with the density of states at the Fermi surface. Besides the charge, the critical temperature is controlled by a four point function of a fermionic operator in the dual strongly coupled field theory.

Thomas Hartman; Sean A. Hartnoll

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

350

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Residential Deliveries included...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices...

351

Property:Number of Plants included in Capacity Estimate | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Plants included in Capacity Estimate Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Number of Plants included in Capacity Estimate Property Type Number Retrieved from "http:...

352

Atomic physics with highly charged ions. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

The study of inelastic collision phenomena with highly charged projectile ions and the interpretation of spectral features resulting from these collisions remain as the major focal points in the atomic physics research at the J.R. Macdonald Laboratory, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas. The title of the research project, ``Atomic Physics with Highly Charged Ions,`` speaks to these points. The experimental work in the past few years has divided into collisions at high velocity using the primary beams from the tandem and LINAC accelerators and collisions at low velocity using the CRYEBIS facility. Theoretical calculations have been performed to accurately describe inelastic scattering processes of the one-electron and many-electron type, and to accurately predict atomic transition energies and intensities for x rays and Auger electrons. Brief research summaries are given for the following: (1) electron production in ion-atom collisions; (2) role of electron-electron interactions in two-electron processes; (3) multi-electron processes; (4) collisions with excited, aligned, Rydberg targets; (5) ion-ion collisions; (6) ion-molecule collisions; (7) ion-atom collision theory; and (8) ion-surface interactions.

Richard, P.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Charge and Spin Transport in Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors  

SciTech Connect

This proposal to the DOE outlines a three-year plan of research in theoretical and computational condensed-matter physics, with the aim of developing a microscopic theory for charge and spin dynamics in disordered materials with magnetic impurities. Important representatives of this class of materials are the dilute magnetic semiconductors (DMS), which have attracted great attention as a promising basis for spintronics devices. There is an intense experimental effort underway to study the transport properties of ferromagnetic DMS such as (Ga,Mn)As, and a number of interesting features have emerged: negative magnetoresistance, anomalous Hall effect, non-Drude dynamical conductivity, and resistivity maxima at the Curie temperature. Available theories have been able to account for some of these features, but at present we are still far away from a systematic microscopic understanding of transport in DMS. We propose to address this challenge by developing a theory of charge and spin dynamics based on a combination of the memory-function formalism and time-dependent density functional theory. This approach will be capable of dealing with two important issues: (a) the strong degree of correlated disorder in DMS, close to the localization transition (which invalidates the usual relaxation-time approximation to the Boltzmann equation), (b) the essentially unknown role of dynamical many-body effects such as spin Coulomb drag. We will calculate static and dynamical conductivities in DMS as functions of magnetic order and carrier density, which will advance our understanding of recent transport and infrared absorption measurements. Furthermore, we will study collective plasmon excitations in DMS (3D, 2D and quantum wells), whose linewidths could constitute a new experimental probe of the correlation of disorder, many-body effects and charge and spin dynamics in these materials.

Ullrich, Carsten A.

2009-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

354

THE ELECTRIC PROGRAM INVESTMENT CHARGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and develop milestones to measure progress towards that goal, including the development of a targeted to the point of use, the materials utilized for its building. 29 Interim milestones for this programmatic goal

355

Battery Electric Vehicle Driving and Charging Behavior Observed Early in The EV Project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As concern about society's dependence on petroleum-based transportation fuels increases, many see plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) as enablers to diversifying transportation energy sources. These vehicles, which include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), range-extended electric vehicles (EREV), and battery electric vehicles (BEV), draw some or all of their power from electricity stored in batteries, which are charged by the electric grid. In order for PEVs to be accepted by the mass market, electric charging infrastructure must also be deployed. Charging infrastructure must be safe, convenient, and financially sustainable. Additionally, electric utilities must be able to manage PEV charging demand on the electric grid. In the Fall of 2009, a large scale PEV infrastructure demonstration was launched to deploy an unprecedented number of PEVs and charging infrastructure. This demonstration, called The EV Project, is led by Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation (eTec) and funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. eTec is partnering with Nissan North America to deploy up to 4,700 Nissan Leaf BEVs and 11,210 charging units in five market areas in Arizona, California, Oregon, Tennessee, and Washington. With the assistance of the Idaho National Laboratory, eTec will collect and analyze data to characterize vehicle consumer driving and charging behavior, evaluate the effectiveness of charging infrastructure, and understand the impact of PEV charging on the electric grid. Trials of various revenue systems for commercial and public charging infrastructure will also be conducted. The ultimate goal of The EV Project is to capture lessons learned to enable the mass deployment of PEVs. This paper is the first in a series of papers documenting the progress and findings of The EV Project. This paper describes key research objectives of The EV Project and establishes the project background, including lessons learned from previous infrastructure deployment and PEV demonstrations. One such previous study was a PHEV demonstration conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), led by the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). AVTA's PHEV demonstration involved over 250 vehicles in the United States, Canada, and Finland. This paper summarizes driving and charging behavior observed in that demonstration, including the distribution of distance driven between charging events, charging frequency, and resulting proportion of operation charge depleting mode. Charging demand relative to time of day and day of the week will also be shown. Conclusions from the PHEV demonstration will be given which highlight the need for expanded analysis in The EV Project. For example, the AVTA PHEV demonstration showed that in the absence of controlled charging by the vehicle owner or electric utility, the majority of vehicles were charged in the evening hours, coincident with typical utility peak demand. Given this baseline, The EV Project will demonstrate the effects of consumer charge control and grid-side charge management on electricity demand. This paper will outline further analyses which will be performed by eTec and INL to documenting driving and charging behavior of vehicles operated in a infrastructure-rich environment.

John Smart; Stephen Schey

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Transit planning in metropolitan Seattle: a historical perspective. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The document provides a historical overview of trends in transit planning to casing on the experiences of Seattle, Washington as a case study. It focuses on the period from the 1940's to the present, detailing major transit initiatives and the planning process which led to them. The document includes a detailed chronological review of events affecting transportation planning, both in Seattle and nationwide.

Malm, R.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

QCD Phase Transitions, Volume 15  

SciTech Connect

The title of the workshop, ''The QCD Phase Transitions'', in fact happened to be too narrow for its real contents. It would be more accurate to say that it was devoted to different phases of QCD and QCD-related gauge theories, with strong emphasis on discussion of the underlying non-perturbative mechanisms which manifest themselves as all those phases. Before we go to specifics, let us emphasize one important aspect of the present status of non-perturbative Quantum Field Theory in general. It remains true that its studies do not get attention proportional to the intellectual challenge they deserve, and that the theorists working on it remain very fragmented. The efforts to create Theory of Everything including Quantum Gravity have attracted the lion share of attention and young talent. Nevertheless, in the last few years there was also a tremendous progress and even some shift of attention toward emphasis on the unity of non-perturbative phenomena. For example, we have seen some efforts to connect the lessons from recent progress in Supersymmetric theories with that in QCD, as derived from phenomenology and lattice. Another example is Maldacena conjecture and related development, which connect three things together, string theory, super-gravity and the (N=4) supersymmetric gauge theory. Although the progress mentioned is remarkable by itself, if we would listen to each other more we may have chance to strengthen the field and reach better understanding of the spectacular non-perturbative physics.

Schaefer, T.; Shuryak, E.

1999-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

358

Water drives peptide conformational transitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transitions between metastable conformations of a dipeptide are investigated using classical molecular dynamics simulation with explicit water molecules. The distribution of the surrounding water at different moments before the transitions and the dynamical correlations of water with the peptide's configurational motions indicate that water is the main driving force of the conformational changes.

Nerukh, Dmitry

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority: Compressed Natural Gas Transit Bus Evaluation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Evaluates compressed natural gas (CNG) powered transit buses at Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA), providing a comparison between them and standard diesel transit buses.

Chandler, K.; Eberts, E.; Melendez, M.

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Wisconsin (Million Cubic Feet)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Sampling diffusive transition paths  

SciTech Connect

We address the problem of sampling double-ended diffusive paths. The ensemble of paths is expressed using a symmetric version of the Onsager-Machlup formula, which only requires evaluation of the force field and which, upon direct time discretization, gives rise to a symmetric integrator that is accurate to second order. Efficiently sampling this ensemble requires avoiding the well-known stiffness problem associated with sampling infinitesimal Brownian increments of the path, as well as a different type of stiffness associated with sampling the coarse features of long paths. The fine-features sampling stiffness is eliminated with the use of the fast sampling algorithm (FSA), and the coarse-feature sampling stiffness is avoided by introducing the sliding and sampling (S&S) algorithm. A key feature of the S&S algorithm is that it enables massively parallel computers to sample diffusive trajectories that are long in time. We use the algorithm to sample the transition path ensemble for the structural interconversion of the 38-atom Lennard-Jones cluster at low temperature.

F. Miller III, Thomas; Predescu, Cristian

2006-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

362

Questions and Answers - What is the charge of an up quark and the charge of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What kinds of quarks are inprotons and neutrons? What kinds of quarks are in<br>protons and neutrons? Previous Question (What kinds of quarks are in protons and neutrons?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (Are quarks confineable for study?) Are quarks confineable for study? What is the charge of an up quark and the charge of a down quark? How many quarks make up a proton and a neutron? Protons and neutrons are each composed of three quarks. Protons are made up of two 'up' quarks and one 'down' quark while neutrons are made up of two 'down' quarks and one 'up' quark. Quarks carry fractional electrical charges. An 'up' quark has a charge of +2/3 and a 'down' quark has a charge of -1/3. Is this consistent with what we know about protons and neutrons? Remember that protons carry an electrical charge of +1 while neutrons carry no electrical charge. We said

363

Striped phases in the holographic insulator/superconductor transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study striped phases in holographic insulator/superconductor transition by considering a spatially modulated chemical potential in AdS soliton background. Generally striped phases can develop above a critical chemical potential. When the constant leading term in the chemical potential is set to zero, a discontinuity in the plot of charge density versus chemical potential is observed in the limit of large wave vector. We explain this discontinuity using an analytical approach. When the constant leading term in the chemical potential is present, the critical chemical potential is larger than in the case of a homogeneous chemical potential, which indicates that the spatially modulated chemical potential disfavors the phase transition. This behavior is also confirmed qualitatively by analytical calculations. We also calculate the grand canonical potential and find that the striped phase is favored.

Johanna Erdmenger; Xian-Hui Ge; Da-Wei Pang

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

364

The electric charge and magnetic moment of neutral fundamental particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The article focuses on the issue of the two definitions of charge, mainly the gauge charge and the effective charge of fundamental particles. Most textbooks on classical electromagnetism and quantum field theory only works with the gauge charges while the concept of the induced charge remains unattended. In this article it has been shown that for intrinsically charged particles both of the charges remain the same but there can be situations where an electrically neutral particle picks up some electrical charge from its plasma surrounding. The physical origin and the scope of application of the induced charge concept has been briefly discussed in the article.

Kaushik Bhattacharya

2009-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

365

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Workplace Charging Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors

366

Photoinduced Charge and Energy Transfer Processes in Molecular Aggregates  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project involved the experimental probing of the electronic excited states generated by photoinduced (center-to-center) electron and energy transfer processes in several classes of transition metal donor/acceptor (D/A) complexes. Some of the general properties inferred from these studies should be useful in the design of new systems for energy conversion applications. Pursuit of the project goals has involved the determination of electron transfer efficiencies and the detailed study of variations in the electronic spectra of D/A complexes. This has resulted in the study of some very fundamental issues of photoinduced charge transfer and the identification of some of the constraints on its efficiency. The experimental studies of the competition between the degradative non-radiative unimolecular relaxation of transition metal excited states and their transfer of charge from these excited states to external acceptors have involved a range of techniques such as transient decay kinetics, photoacoustic calorimetry and transient or stationary state spectroscopy. The substrates synthesized for these studies were selected to provide model systems, or series of model systems to probe the validity of models of electronic excited states and their reactivity. The work during the last few years has focused largely, but not exclusively, on the use of emission spectral band shapes to probe the properties of charge transfer (CT) excited states. Bandshape variations are one of the very few approaches for systematically probing electronic excited states and good band shape resolution is necessary in order to gain information about the structural variations that correlate with excited state reactivity. Differences in molecular structure correlate with differences in chemical reactivity, and the variations in emission bandshapes are well known to relate to variations in the molecular structural differences between the excited and ground electronic states. However, it is has been rarely noticed that configurational mixing of the lowest energy excited state with other electronic states leads to unique distortions of the lowest energy excited state which result in modifications in the vibronic structure and bandshape of the emission. We have used the emission sideband shapes to evaluate patterns of ground state-excited state and excited state-excited state configurational mixing in some simple series of complexes.

John F. Endicott

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

367

Charging EVs Efficiently NOW While Waiting for the Smart Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to a century of gas-tank / gas-station legacy, most of the current focus on Electrical Vehicle (EV) charging has been with respect to public charging, range anxiety, charging speed, and grid impact. Unfortunately, this focus overlooks the existing ... Keywords: Electric Vehicles, EV, charging, Plug-in Hybrids, Level-1, Level-2, EVSE, payin-to-plugin, charging at work, BEVI

Robert (Bob) Bruninga, Jill A. T. Sorensen

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Brownian dynamics of charged particles in a constant magnetic field  

SciTech Connect

Numerical algorithms are proposed for simulating the Brownian dynamics of charged particles in an external magnetic field, taking into account the Brownian motion of charged particles, damping effect, and the effect of magnetic field self-consistently. Performance of these algorithms is tested in terms of their accuracy and long-time stability by using a three-dimensional Brownian oscillator model with constant magnetic field. Step-by-step recipes for implementing these algorithms are given in detail. It is expected that these algorithms can be directly used to study particle dynamics in various dispersed systems in the presence of a magnetic field, including polymer solutions, colloidal suspensions, and, particularly, complex (dusty) plasmas. The proposed algorithms can also be used as thermostat in the usual molecular dynamics simulation in the presence of magnetic field.

Hou, L. J.; Piel, A. [IEAP, Christian-Albrechts Universitaet, D-24118 Kiel (Germany); Miskovic, Z. L. [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Shukla, P. K. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik IV, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

Search for Charged Lepton Violation in Narrow Upsilon Decays  

SciTech Connect

Charged lepton flavor violating processes are unobservable in the standard model, but they are predicted to be enhanced in several extensions to the standard model, including supersymmetry and models with leptoquarks or compositeness. We present a search for such processes in a sample of 99 x 10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(2S) decays and 117 x 10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(3S) decays collected with the BABAR detector. We place upper limits on the branching fractions {Beta}({Upsilon}(nS) {yields} e{sup {+-}}{tau}{sup {-+}}) and {Beta}({Upsilon}(nS) {yields} {mu}{sup {+-}}{tau}{sup {-+}}) (n = 2, 3) at the 10{sup -6} level and use these results to place lower limits of order 1 TeV on the mass scale of charged lepton flavor violating effective operators.

Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; Tanabe, T.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley; Hawkes, C.M.; /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /Columbus Supercond., Genova /INFN, Genoa /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /Consorzio Milano Ricerche /INFN, Milan /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Napoli Seconda U. /INFN, Naples /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /Paris U., VI-VII /Perugia U. /INFN, Perugia /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /Turin U. /INFN, Turin /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

370

The AMS-RICH velocity and charge reconstruction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The AMS detector, to be installed on the International Space Station, includes a Ring Imaging Cerenkov detector with two different radiators, silica aerogel (n=1.05) and sodium fluoride (n=1.334). This detector is designed to provide very precise measurements of velocity and electric charge in a wide range of cosmic nuclei energies and atomic numbers. The detector geometry, in particular the presence of a reflector for acceptance purposes, leads to complex Cerenkov patterns detected in a pixelized photomultiplier matrix. The results of different reconstruction methods applied to test beam data as well as to simulated samples are presented. To ensure nominal performances throughout the flight, several detector parameters have to be carefully monitored. The algorithms developed to fulfill these requirements are presented. The velocity and charge measurements provided by the RICH detector endow the AMS spectrometer with precise particle identification capabilities in a wide energy range. The expected performances on light isotope separation are discussed.

F. Barao; M. Aguilar-Benitez; L. Arruda; B. Baret; A. Barrau; G. Barreira; E. Belmont; J. Berdugo; J. Borges; M. Buenerd; D. Casadei; J. Casaus; E. Cortina; M. Costado; D. Crespo; C. Delgado; C. Diaz; L. Derome; P. Goncalves; R. Garcia-Lopez; C. de la Guia; A. Herrero; E. Lanciotti; G. Laurenti; A. Malinin; C. Mana; J. Marin; M. Mangin-Brinet; G. Martinez; A. Menchaca-Rocha; C. Palomares; R. Pereira; M. Pimenta; A. Putze; Y. Sallaz-Damaz; E. S. Seo; I. Sevilla; A. Torrento; M. Vargas-Trevino; O. Veziant

2007-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

371

Black Hole - String Transition and Rolling D-brane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the black hole - string transition in the two-dimensional Lorentzian black hole system from the exact boundary states that describe the rolling D-brane falling down into the two-dimensional black hole. The black hole - string phase transition is one of the fundamental properties of the non-supersymmetric black holes in string theory, and we will reveal the nature of the phase transition from the exactly solvable world-sheet conformal field theory viewpoint. Since the two-dimensional Lorentzian black hole system (SL(2;R)_k/U(1) coset model at level k) typically appears as near-horizon geometries of various singularities such as NS5-branes in string theory, our results can be regarded as the probe of such singularities from the non-supersymmetric probe rolling D-brane. The exact construction of boundary states for the rolling D0-brane falling down into the two-dimensional D-brane enables us to probe the phase transition at k=1 directly in the physical amplitudes. During the study, we uncover three fundamental questions in string theory as a consistent theory of quantum gravity: small charge limit v.s. large charge limit of non-supersymmetric quantum black holes, analyticity v.s. non-analyticity in physical amplitudes and physical observables, and unitarity v.s. open closed duality in time-dependent string backgrounds. This work is based on the PhD thesis submitted to Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Tokyo, which was defended on January 2007.

Yu Nakayama

2007-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

372

Motion of extended charges in classical electrodynamics  

SciTech Connect

The Lorentz--Dirac theory of radiation reaction on the motion of point charges is beset by the well known problems of runaway solutions and preacceleration. We examine the classical theory of extended charged particles and obtain a differential-difference type equation of motion. Analysis of this equation reveals that the theory is internally consistent (i.e., no runaways or acausality) whenever the size of the particle exceeds the classical radius (defined as the radius for which the electrostatic self-energy equals the mass of the particle). A specific example is presented which explicitly shows the different character of the extended and point charge solutions. (AIP)

Levine, H.; Moniz, E.J.; Sharp, D.H.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Superconducting Hair on Charged Black String Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Behaviour of Dirac fermions in the background of a charged black string penetrated by an Abelian Higgs vortex is elaborated. One finds the evidence that the system under consideration can support fermion fields acting like a superconducting cosmic string in the sence that a nontrivial Dirac fermion field can be carried by the system in question. The case of nonextremal and extremal black string vortex systems were considered. The influence of electric and Higgs charge, the winding number and the fermion mass on the fermion localization near the black string event horizon was studied. It turned out that the extreme charged black string expelled fermion fields more violently comparing to the nonextremal one.

Lukasz Nakonieczny; Marek Rogatko

2012-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

374

Separation of Flip and Non-Flip parst of Charge Exchange np->pn at energies Tn = 0.5 - 2.0 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The new Delta-Sigma experimental data on the ratio $R_{dp}$ allowed separating the Flip and Non-Flip parts of the differential cross section of $np\\to pn$ charge exchange process at the zero angle by the Dean formula. The PSA solutions for the $np\\to np$ elastic scattering are transformed to the $np\\to pn$ charge exchange representation using unitary transition, and good agreement is obtain.

R. A. Shindin; A. A. Morozov; E. V. Chernykh; D. K. Guriev; A. A. Nomofilov; V. Yu. Prytkov; V. I. Sharov; L. I. Strunov

2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

375

Potentials of a Classical Point-Charge Moving at the Speed of Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Retarded potentials of a point-charge are considered, and new ones presented, including potentials of a point-charge moving at the speed of light. The Lienard-Wiechert potential (together with the usual retardation condition) is only one of many retarded four-potentials that satisfy the homogeneous wave equation and the Lorenz Gauge condition in free space. This analysis is in the context of Special Relativity and classical electrodynamics.

Andrew T. Hyman

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

376

Energetics of a Symmetric Circulation Including Momentum Constraints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A theory of available potential energy (APE) for symmetric circulations, which includes momentum constraints, is presented. The theory is a generalization of the classical theory of APE, which includes only thermal constraints on the circulation. ...

Sorin Codoban; Theodore G. Shepherd

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Phase Transition in Reconstituted Chromatin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By observing reconstituted chromatin by fluorescence microscopy (FM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM), we found that the density of nucleosomes exhibits a bimodal profile, i.e., there is a large transition between the dense and dispersed states in reconstituted chromatin. Based on an analysis of the spatial distribution of nucleosome cores, we deduced an effective thermodynamic potential as a function of the nucleosome-nucleosome distance. This enabled us to interpret the folding transition of chromatin in terms of a first-order phase transition. This mechanism for the condensation of chromatin is discussed in terms of its biological significance.

Tonau Nakai; Kohji Hizume; Shige. H. Yoshimura; Kunio Takeyasu; Kenichi Yoshikawa

2004-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

378

Scheduling optimization of a real flexible job shop including side ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 19, 2013 ... including side constraints regarding preventive maintenance, fixture availabil- ...... Engineering and Engineering Management, pp. 787–791.

379

Constraint-Based charging scheduler design for electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes an efficient charging scheduler for electric vehicles and measures its performance, aiming at reducing peak power consumption while satisfying the diverse constraints specified in each charging request. Upon the arrival of a charging ...

Hye-Jin Kim; Junghoon Lee; Gyung-Leen Park

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Percent of time with a vehicle drawing power from charging unit 6% 0% 1% 0% 6% Max percentage of charging units connected across all days Min percentage of charging units...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print The deceivingly simple appearance of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone consists of trillions of particles. When a lithium-ion battery is charged or discharged lithium ions move from one electrode to another, filling and unfilling individual, variably-sized battery particles. The rates of these processes determine how much power a battery can deliver. Despite the technological innovations and widespread use of batteries, the mechanism behind charging and discharging particles remains largely a mystery, partly because it is difficult to visualize the motion of lithium ions for a significant number of battery particles at nanoscale resolution.

382

Charged Hadron Properties in Background Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a lattice calculation demonstrating a novel new method to extract the electric polarizability of charged pseudo-scalar mesons by analyzing two point correlation functions computed in classical background electric fields.

William Detmold; Brian C. Tiburzi; Andre Walker-Loud

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

383

Charge Diagnostics for Laser Plasma Accelerators  

SciTech Connect

The electron energy dependence of a scintillating screen (Lanex Fast) was studied with sub-nanosecond electron beams ranging from 106 MeV to 1522 MeV at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Advanced Light Source (ALS) synchrotron booster accelerator. The sensitivity of the Lanex Fast decreased by 1percent per 100 MeV increase of the energy. The linear response of the screen against the charge was verified with charge density and intensity up to 160 pC/mm2 and 0.4 pC/ps/mm2, respectively. For electron beams from the laser plasma accelerator, a comprehensive study of charge diagnostics has been performed using a Lanex screen, an integrating current transformer, and an activation based measurement. The charge measured by each diagnostic was found to be within +/-10 percent.

Nakamura, K.; Gonsalves, A. J.; Lin, C.; Sokollik, T.; Smith, A.; Rodgers, D.; Donahue, R.; Bryne, W.; Leemans, W. P.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

10Charge Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10Charge Inc 10Charge Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name 10Charge Inc Place Dallas, Texas Zip 75001 Product Developer of patented technology for faster battery charging time which also extends battery lifetime. Coordinates 32.778155°, -96.795404° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.778155,"lon":-96.795404,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

385

Vehicle Technologies Office: EV Everywhere Workplace Charging...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Workplace Charging Challenge T U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Source: Alternative Fuels Data Center oday, about half of the vehicles in the United...

386

ENERGY DISTRIBUTION OF A STRINGY CHARGED BLACK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The energy distribution associated with a stringy charged black hole is studied using Møller’s energy-momentum complex. Our result is reasonable and it differs from that known in literature using Einstein’s energymomentum complex. 1.

Ragab M. Gad

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Zappos Zappos.com is excited to move into its new LEED certified headquarters in downtown Las Vegas in October 2013. The community-focused...

388

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

charging in the next five years. As a partner to the pledge, Berkeley Lab will assess demand and develop and implement a longer term EV-readiness plan. Contacts | Web Site...

389

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage...

390

Charge Diagnostics for Laser Plasma Accelerators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electron energy dependence of a scintillating screen (Lanex Fast) was studied with sub-nanosecond electron beams ranging from 106 MeV to 1522 MeV at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Advanced Light Source (ALS) synchrotron booster accelerator. The sensitivity of the Lanex Fast decreased by 1% per 100 MeV increase of the energy. The linear response of the screen against the charge was verified with charge density and intensity up to 160 pC/mm{sup 2} and 0.4 pC/ps/mm{sup 2}, respectively. For electron beams from the laser plasma accelerator, a comprehensive study of charge diagnostics has been performed using a Lanex screen, an integrating current transformer, and an activation based measurement. The charge measured by each diagnostic was found to be within {+-}10%.

Nakamura, K.; Gonsalves, A. J.; Lin, C.; Sokollik, T.; Smith, A.; Rodgers, D.; Donahue, R.; Bryne, W.; Leemans, W. P. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

391

Hydrodynamics of R-charged black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider hydrodynamics of N=4 supersymmetric SU(N_c) Yang-Mills plasma at a nonzero density of R-charge. In the regime of large N_c and large 't Hooft coupling the gravity dual description involves an asymptotically Anti- de Sitter five-dimensional charged black hole solution of Behrnd, Cvetic and Sabra. We compute the shear viscosity as a function of chemical potentials conjugated to the three U(1) \\subset SO(6)_R charges. The ratio of the shear viscosity to entropy density is independent of the chemical potentials and is equal to 1/4\\pi. For a single charge black hole we also compute the thermal conductivity, and investigate the critical behavior of the transport coefficients near the boundary of thermodynamic stability.

Dam T. Son; Andrei O. Starinets

2006-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

392

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print The deceivingly simple appearance of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone consists of trillions of particles. When a lithium-ion battery is charged or discharged lithium ions move from one electrode to another, filling and unfilling individual, variably-sized battery particles. The rates of these processes determine how much power a battery can deliver. Despite the technological innovations and widespread use of batteries, the mechanism behind charging and discharging particles remains largely a mystery, partly because it is difficult to visualize the motion of lithium ions for a significant number of battery particles at nanoscale resolution.

393

System Benefits Charge | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

System Benefits Charge System Benefits Charge System Benefits Charge < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Schools Utility Program Info State New Hampshire Program Type Public Benefits Fund Provider New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission New Hampshire's 1996 electric-industry restructuring legislation authorized the creation of a system benefits charge (SBC) to support energy-efficiency programs and energy-assistance programs for low-income residents. The efficiency fund, which took effect in 2002, is funded by a non-bypassable surcharge of 1.8 mills per kilowatt-hour ($0.0018/kWh) on electric bills. A separate surcharge of 1.5 mills per kWh ($0.0015/kWh) supports low-income energy assistance programs. Approximately $19 million is collected annually to support the efficiency fund, although the annual sum collected has

394

Charged Hadron Properties in Background Electric Fields  

SciTech Connect

We report on a lattice calculation demonstrating a novel new method to extract the electric polarizability of charged pseudo-scalar mesons by analyzing two point correlation functions computed in classical background electric fields.

William Detmold, Brian C. Tiburzi, Andre Walker-Loud

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mass Transit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Mass Transit to Mass Transit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mass Transit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mass Transit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mass Transit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mass Transit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mass Transit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mass Transit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Idle Reduction Parts & Equipment Maintenance Driving Behavior Fleet Rightsizing System Efficiency Ridesharing Mass Transit Active Transit Multi-Modal Transportation Telework Mass Transit Passenger-Miles per Gallon Passenger-miles per gallon (pmpg) is a metric for comparing mass transit and rideshare with typical passenger vehicle travel. Transportation system

396

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Active Transit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Active Transit to Active Transit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Active Transit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Active Transit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Active Transit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Active Transit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Active Transit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Active Transit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Idle Reduction Parts & Equipment Maintenance Driving Behavior Fleet Rightsizing System Efficiency Ridesharing Mass Transit Active Transit Multi-Modal Transportation Telework Active Transit Photo of people riding bikes. Active transit is human-powered transportation such as biking and walking. Active transportation eliminates vehicle miles traveled altogether, so this

397

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

398

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

399

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

400

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Q-balls with scalar charges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider Friedberg-Lee-Sirlin Q-balls in a (3+1)-dimensional model with vanishing scalar potential of one of the fields. The Q-ball is stabilized by the gradient energy of this field and carries scalar charge, over and beyond the global charge. The latter property is inherent also in a model with the scalar potential that does not vanish in some finite field region near the origin.

V. Rubakov; A. Levin

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

402

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

403

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

404

Battery charging in float vs. cycling environments  

SciTech Connect

In lead-acid battery systems, cycling systems are often managed using float management strategies. There are many differences in battery management strategies for a float environment and battery management strategies for a cycling environment. To complicate matters further, in many cycling environments, such as off-grid domestic power systems, there is usually not an available charging source capable of efficiently equalizing a lead-acid battery let alone bring it to a full state of charge. Typically, rules for battery management which have worked quite well in a floating environment have been routinely applied to cycling batteries without full appreciation of what the cycling battery really needs to reach a full state of charge and to maintain a high state of health. For example, charge target voltages for batteries that are regularly deep cycled in off-grid power sources are the same as voltages applied to stand-by systems following a discharge event. In other charging operations equalization charge requirements are frequently ignored or incorrectly applied in cycled systems which frequently leads to premature capacity loss. The cause of this serious problem: the application of float battery management strategies to cycling battery systems. This paper describes the outcomes to be expected when managing cycling batteries with float strategies and discusses the techniques and benefits for the use of cycling battery management strategies.

COREY,GARTH P.

2000-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

405

Transitions between Baroclinic Flow Regimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

we use truncated spectral Eady models with two Ekman layers of different strength to investigate the baroclinic flow transitions observed in annulus experiments. Our analysis is both analytical and numerical As the dissipation parameter is varied ...

H-Y. Weng; A. Barcilon; J. Magnan

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

SUBSIDY ENERGY EMPLOYEES TRANSIT (SEET)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SUBSIDY ENERGY EMPLOYEES TRANSIT (SEET) SUBSIDY ENERGY EMPLOYEES TRANSIT (SEET) Decrease in the Transit Subsidy Per The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, the maximum amount for the Transit Subsidy is due to decrease from $245 to $130 a month. This change is scheduled to take effect on January 1, 2014. Outlined below are actions that you must take to purchase your fare for January 2014. SmarTrip less than $130.00 Per Month No Action Required SmarTrip greater than $130.00 Per Month Action Required SmarTrip Participants The new amount of $130 will post to your Smart Benefits account the first time you touch your card to a SmarTrip target in January 2014. You must ensure that there is money in your personal account. Metro will deduct fare from your personal account once the Smart Benefits

407

Process for Transition of Responsibilities | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Responsibilities Process for Transition of Responsibilities Process for Transition of Responsibilities (Waste Management Conference 2006) Process for Transition of Responsibilities...

408

The Multi Optical Transition Radiation System  

SciTech Connect

The determination and monitoring of the transverse phase space in ATF2 is crucial in order to meet their performances specifications. Since the beam sizes at the Interaction Point (IP) depend strongly on the aberrations in the Final Focus System (FFS), accurate measurement upstream of the FFS is required to tune the beam sizes at the IP. The beam sizes as well as the emittance are measured in several locations in the beam diagnostic section of the Extraction Line (EXT line) of ATF2. The vertical beam sizes in the diagnostic section are of the order of 10 {mu}m this means that the devices have to image spot sizes as small as 5 {mu}m, with 10% accuracy a 2 {mu}m resolution device is necessary. The ATF2 EXT line is a beam line with low power and low repetition rate that make usable devices using solid targets. In contrast to a ring machine, where an individual bunch can be measured many times as it passes around the ring, the beam size and the emittance measurement in the LC or in the beam lines have to be performed in a single pass. This requires that the wire scan device types (laser or solid) sample across successive bunches within a train, often with an over-estimation of the beam size due to beam position and intensity jitter, and can take up to half a minute to complete the measurement. Although some of these effects could be corrected, as the jitter effect could be subtracted by using the nearby BPMs signals, this can be avoided by using Optical Transition Radiation (OTR) Monitors. These monitors are based on the transition radiation effect, a light cone emitted when the charged particle crosses a metallic interface. This light is emitted in a specular fashion so it can be focused on to a CCD and produces an image of the beam. OTRs are able to take many fast measurements and therefore to measure the emittance with high statistics, giving a low error and a good understanding of the emittance jitter. In this article, simulations of the expected beam sizes and emittance, along with a technical description of the system, its hardware and software implementation are described. Additionally first measurement of the beam size and emittance of the Multi Optical Transition Radiation System located in the Extraction Line of ATF2 are presented.

Faus-Golfe, A.; Alabau-Gonzalvo, J.; Blanch Gutierrez, C.; /Valencia U., IFIC; McCormick, D.; Cruz, J.; Woodley, M.; White, G.; /SLAC

2012-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

409

IEC 61850 Implementation and Transition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This IEC 61850 Implementation and Transition survey report summarizes results of an EPRI survey designed to understand adoption and usage of IEC 61850 within utilities as of 2011. Implementing IEC 61850 within a utility is not necessarily easy or straightforward. While transitioning electromechanical relays to microprocessors is a relatively straightforward process, taking advantage of the entire suite of benefits enabled by IEC-61850-enabled devices is another matter altogether. Utilities have to consid...

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

410

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Electric Vehicle Electric Vehicle Charging Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Electric Vehicle Charging Stations

411

EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

across all days Electricity demand on single calendar day with highest peak Max percentage of charging units connected across all days Min percentage of charging units...

412

Looking for the Charged Higgs Boson at LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I discuss LHC signatures of the charged Higgs boson of the MSSM, focussing mainly on the case of the charged Higgs boson being heavier than top quark.

D. P. Roy

2001-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

413

PROJECT MANGEMENT PLAN EXAMPLES Deactivation to Decommissioning Transition  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Decommissioning Transition to Decommissioning Transition Example Example 80 1.5 OPERATIONAL TRANSITION AND DEACTIVATION STRATEGY According to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Order 430.1A Life Cycle Asset Management (LCAM), the life cycle of a facility makes several transitions over the course of it's existence. The typical stages or phases include operation, (standby), deactivation, S&M, decontamination and decommissioning (D&D). The life cycle phases may occur as a straight through process or with long interim periods. In Fig. 1.4, "Facility Disposition Scenarios and Associated Hazard Profiles" (Ref. DOE-STD-1120-98), Scenario 2 demonstrates the life cycle phasing that most closely represents that of the 9206 Complex. Since the ultimate disposition of Building 9206 (and associated buildings and operations) is not known, a decision was made to

414

Update from the NREL Alternative Fuel Transit Bus Evaluation Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The object of this project, which is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), is to provide a comprehensive comparison of heavy-duty urban transit buses operating on alternative fuels and diesel fuel. Final reports from this project were produced in 1996 from data collection and evaluation of 11 transit buses from eight transit sites. With the publication of these final reports, three issues were raised that needed further investigation: (1) the natural gas engines studied were older, open-loop control engines; (2) propane was not included in the original study; and (3) liquefied natural gas (LNG) was found to be in the early stages of deployment in transit applications. In response to these three issues, the project has continued by emissions testing newer natural gas engines and adding two new data collection sites to study the newer natural gas technology and specifically to measure new technology LNG buses.

Chandler, K. (Battelle); Norton, P. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory); Clark, N. (West Virginia University)

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Building Technologies Office: Transitioning Traditional HVAC...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transitioning Traditional HVAC Contractors to Whole House Performance Expert Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Transitioning Traditional HVAC...

416

Transition Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transition Zone Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Transition Zone Geothermal Region edit Details Areas (5) Power Plants (0) Projects...

417

Power Marketing Administrations Leading the Nation's Transition...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Marketing Administrations Leading the Nation's Transition to a 21st Century Electric Grid Power Marketing Administrations Leading the Nation's Transition to a 21st Century Electric...

418

Development of Site Transition Plan, Use of the Site Transition Framework,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Development of Site Transition Plan, Use of the Site Transition Development of Site Transition Plan, Use of the Site Transition Framework, and Terms and Conditions for Site Transition Development of Site Transition Plan, Use of the Site Transition Framework, and Terms and Conditions for Site Transition This memorandum provides additional guidance on preparation of the Site Transition Plan (STP). Development of Site Transition Plan, Use of the Site Transition Framework, and Terms and Conditions for Site Transition More Documents & Publications Site Transition Summary: Cleanup Completion to Long-Term Stewardship at Department of Energy On-going Mission Sites Process for Transition of Responsibilities Process for Transition of Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title II Disposal Sites to the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy

419

Electric-dipole 5s - 5p Transitions in Promethiumlike Ions  

SciTech Connect

The 5s-5p electric-dipole resonance transitions in highly ionized promethiumlike ions have been studied applying relativistic multi-reference Moeller-Plesset second-order perturbation theory. The transition wavelengths are determined to within 0.2 {angstrom} in the more highly charged ions, where the level degeneracies are small. For somewhat lighter ions a very large reference space was used in order to account for the many degeneracies. In order to calculate transition probabilities and lifetimes, correlation corrections have been added to the transition operator in the next order. The contributions from the higher orders of the theory, that is, frequency-dependent Breit correction, Lamb shift, and mass shifts, have been estimated. The results are used to re-assess spectroscopic data from beam-foil, electron beam ion trap, and tokamak observations.

Vilkas, M J; Ishikawa, Y; Tr?bert, E

2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

420

Terms and Conditions for Site Transition | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Terms and Conditions for Site Transition Terms and Conditions for Site Transition Terms and Conditions for Site Transition Terms and Conditions for Site Transition More Documents &...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Localization of positive charge in DNA induced by its interaction with environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microscopic mechanisms of positive charge transfer in DNA remain unclear. A quantum state of electron hole in DNA is determined by the competition of the pi-stacking interaction $b$ sharing a charge between different base pairs and the interaction $\\lambda$ with the local environment which attempts to trap charge. To determine which interaction dominates we investigated charge quantum states in various $(GC)_{n}$ sequences choosing DNA parameters satisfying experimental data for the balance of charge transfer rates $G^{+} \\leftrightarrow G_{n}^{+}$, $n=2,3$ \\cite{FredMain}. We show that experimental data can be consistent with theory only assuming $b\\ll \\lambda$ meaning that charge is typically localized within the single $G$ site. Consequently any DNA sequence including the one consisting of identical base pairs behaves more like an insulating material then a molecular conductor. Our theory can be verified experimentally, for instance measuring balance of charge transfer reactions $G^{+} \\leftrightarrow G_{n}^{+}$, $n \\geq 4$ and comparing the experimental results with our predictions.

Dmitry B. Uskov; Alexander L. Burin

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

422

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Industrial Deliveries included...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial...

423

Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in California (Including ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in California (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; ...

424

FAQ 23-How much depleted uranium -- including depleted uranium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is stored in the United States? How much depleted uranium -- including depleted uranium hexafluoride -- is stored in the United States? In addition to the depleted uranium stored...

425

Electrical machines and assemblies including a yokeless stator ...  

Wind Energy; Partners (27) Visual Patent Search; Success Stories; News; Events; Electrical machines and assemblies including a yokeless stator with modular lamination ...

426

[Article 1 of 7: Motivates and Includes the Consumer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

will be diverse and widespread, including renewables, distributed generation, and energy storage. And they will increase rapidly all along the value chain, from suppliers to...

427

Stocks of Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Including SPR)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Stocks include those ...

428

Including Retro-Commissioning in Federal Energy Savings Performance...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

11.2 Retro-Cx in Federal ESPCs Including Retro-Commissioning In Federal Energy Saving Performance Contracts Retro-commissioning generally reduces operating and maintenance costs,...

429

PLOT: A UNIX PROGRAM FOR INCLUDING GRAPHICS IN DOCUMENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simple, easy-to-read graphics language designed specificallyPROGRAM FOR INCLUDING GRAPHICS IN DOCUMENTS Pavel Curtismeanings as in the GRAFPAC graphics system. Definl. ~ tions

Curtis, Pavel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in South Dakota (Million Cubic Feet) Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers...

431

Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in South Dakota (Including...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in South Dakota (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet) Natural Gas Delivered to...

432

Exhaust gas recirculation in a homogeneous charge compression ignition engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A homogeneous charge compression ignition engine operates by injecting liquid fuel directly in a combustion chamber, and mixing the fuel with recirculated exhaust and fresh air through an auto ignition condition of the fuel. The engine includes at least one turbocharger for extracting energy from the engine exhaust and using that energy to boost intake pressure of recirculated exhaust gas and fresh air. Elevated proportions of exhaust gas recirculated to the engine are attained by throttling the fresh air inlet supply. These elevated exhaust gas recirculation rates allow the HCCI engine to be operated at higher speeds and loads rendering the HCCI engine a more viable alternative to a conventional diesel engine.

Duffy, Kevin P. (Metamora, IL); Kieser, Andrew J. (Morton, IL); Rodman, Anthony (Chillicothe, IL); Liechty, Michael P. (Chillicothe, IL); Hergart, Carl-Anders (Peoria, IL); Hardy, William L. (Peoria, IL)

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

433

Finite field-energy of a point charge in QED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a simple nonlinear (quartic in the fields) gauge-invariant modification of classical electrodynamics, which possesses a regularizing ability sufficient to make the field energy of a point charge finite. The model is exactly solved in the class of static central-symmetric electric fields. Collation with quantum electrodynamics (QED) results in the total field energy about twice the electron mass. The proof of the finiteness of the field energy is extended to include any polynomial selfinteraction, thereby the one that stems from the truncated expansion of the Euler-Heisenberg local Lagrangian in QED in powers of the field strenth.

Caio V. Costa; Dmitri M. Gitman; Anatoly E. Shabad

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

434

Identification of the Charge Carriers in Cerium Phosphate Ceramics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The total conductivity of Sr-doped cerium orthophosphate changes by nearly two orders of magnitude depending on the oxygen and hydrogen content of the atmosphere. The defect model for the system suggests that this is because the identity of the dominant charge carrier can change from electron holes to protons when the sample is in equilibrium with air vs. humidified hydrogen. In this work are presented some preliminary measurements that can help to clarify this exchange between carriers. The conduction behavior of a 2percent Sr-doped CePO4 sample under symmetric atmospheric conditions is investigated using several techniques, including AC impedance, H/D isotope effects, and chronoamperometry.

Ray, Hannah L.; Jonghe, Lutgard C. De

2010-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

435

CAN RECENT CHARGE FLUCTUATION CALCULATIONS BE A RELIABLE SIGNAL FOR A QGP AT RHIC?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recent papers of Jeon and Koch[l] and Asakawa, Heinz and Muller[2] propose that the event by event fluctuations of the ratio of the positively charged and negatively charged pions could provide a distinct signal for a QGP at RHIC/LHC due to differences in those from the QGP phase, and the Hadron Gas Phase. In this paper we point out that aside from the questionability of the many assumptions in the treatment used, even following their approach there are other effects not considered, e.g. color charge fluctuations which we show could significantly or completely wash out the proposed signal. Therefore lack of observation of these charge fluctuation signals cannot lead one to conclude that a QGP is not formed at RHIC. A general discussion of experimental requirements for observation of such signals (if they exist) and how to interpret them is included.

LINDENBAUM, S.J.; LONGACRE, R.S.

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Non-personnel OMB A-21 Exceptions Direct Charging to Federal Projects Direct charging costs to federal grants which are typically considered F&A may be  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are met. These conditions include: 1. items are required by the projects scope of work 2. costs can be specifically and easily identified to this project 3. the number and/or cost of the items needed is clearly use on a project, charges may be allowable as direct costs if appropriately justified. Office supplies

Hall, Daniel

437

Solar Energy Education. Reader, Part II. Sun story. [Includes glossary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Magazine articles which focus on the subject of solar energy are presented. The booklet prepared is the second of a four part series of the Solar Energy Reader. Excerpts from the magazines include the history of solar energy, mythology and tales, and selected poetry on the sun. A glossary of energy related terms is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

What To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? | National Nuclear Security To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog What To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Whistleblower Program > What To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? What To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint?

439

Charge Friedel oscillations in a Mott insulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When a metal undergoes a transition to an insulator it will lose its electronic Fermi surface. Interestingly, in some situations a “ghost” Fermi surface of electrically neutral spin carrying fermions may survive into the ...

Mross, David Fabian

440

New protection method for HVDC lines including cables  

SciTech Connect

For the third project of the Hokkaido-Honshu HVDC Link in Japan, called the HVDC Link III project (rated at 250 kVdc-1,200 A-300 MW), the authors developed an HVDC transmission line protection method based on a new working principle that allows high-speed and highly sensitive detection of faults, enhancing reliability in the supply of electric power. In general, increasing the sensitivity of relays will lead to an increased likelihood of undesired operation whereas lowering the sensitivity will impair the responsiveness of the relays. The proposed method meets these apparently incompatible requirements very well. Basically classified as a differential scheme, the HVDC transmission line protection method compensates for a charging and discharging current that flows through the line-to-ground capacitance at times of voltage variations caused by a line fault or by the operation of dc power systems. The developed protection method is also characterized in that it uses current changes induced by voltage variations to restrain the operation of a relay. This configuration has made the proposed method far superior in responsiveness and sensitivity to the conventional protection method. A simulation using an EMTP (Electro-Magnetic Transients Program) was conducted on this method. Developed relay equipment embodying the new protection method was subjected to various verification tests, where this equipment was connected to a power system simulator, before being delivered to the HVDC Link III facility.

Takeda, H.; Ayakawa, H.; Tsumenaga, N.; Sanpei, M.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The folding kinetics of ribonuclease Sa and a charge-reversal variant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary objective was to study the kinetics of folding of RNase Sa. Wild-type RNase Sa does not contain tryptophan. A tryptophan was substituted at residue 81 (WT*) to allow fluorescence spectroscopy to be used to monitor folding. This tryptophan mutation did not change the stability. An analysis of the folding kinetics of RNase Sa showed two folding phases, indicating the presence of an intermediate and consistent with the following mechanism: D ? I ? N. Both refolding limbs of the chevron plot (abcissa = final conc. of denaturant and ordinate = kinetic rate) had non-zero slopes suggesting that proline isomerization was not rate-limiting. The conformational stability of a charge-reversed variant, WT*(D17R), of a surface exposed residue on RNase Sa has been studied by equilibrium techniques. This mutant with a single amino acid charge reversal of a surface exposed residue resulted in decreased stability. Calculations using Coulomb?s Law suggested that favorable electrostatic interactions in the denatured state were the cause for the decreased stability for the charge-reversed variant. Folding and unfolding kinetic studies were designed and conducted to study the charge-reversal effect. Unfolding kinetics showed a 10-fold increase in the unfolding rate constant for WT*(D17R) over WT* and no difference in the rate of refolding. Kinetics experiments were also conducted at pH 3 where protonation of Asp17 (charge reversal site) would be expected to negate the observed kinetic effect. At pH 3 the kinetics of unfolding of WT* RNase Sa and the WT*(D17R) mutant were more similar. These kinetic results indicate that a single-site charge reversal lowered the free energy of the denatured state as suspected. Additionally, the results showed that the transition state was stabilized as well. These results show that a specific Coulombic interaction lowered the free energy in the denatured and transition state of the charge-reversal mutant, more than in WT*. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration that a favorable electrostatic interaction in the denatured state ensemble has been shown to influence the unfolding kinetics of a protein.

Trefethen, Jared M.

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Charged fermion tunnelling from electrically and magnetically charged rotating black hole in de Sitter space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal radiation of electrically charged fermions from rotating black hole with electric and magnetic charges in de Sitter space is considered. The tunnelling probabilities for outgoing and incoming particles are obtained and the Hawking temperature is calculated. The relation for the classical action for the particles in the black hole's background is also found.

M. M. Stetsko

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

443

Modelling societal transitions with agent transformation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transition models explain long-term and large-scale processes fundamentally changing the structure of a societal system. Our concern is that most transition models are too static. Although they capture a move of focus from static equilibria to transitions ... Keywords: Agent-based modelling, Integrated sustainability assessment, Societal transitions

Michel Schilperoord; Jan Rotmans; Noam Bergman

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Ultrafast charge separation in organic photovoltaics enhanced by charge delocalization and vibronically hot exciton dissociation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In organic photovoltaics, the mechanism by which free electrons and holes are generated overcoming the Coulomb attraction is a currently much debated topic. To elucidate this mechanism at a molecular level, we carried out a combined electronic structure and quantum dynamical analysis that captures the elementary events from the exciton dissociation to the free carrier generation at polymer/fullerene donor-acceptor heterojunctions. Our calculations show that experimentally observed efficient charge separations can be explained by a combination of two effects: First, the delocalization of charges which substantially reduces the Coulomb barrier, and second, the vibronically hot nature of the charge transfer state which promotes charge dissociation beyond the barrier. These effects facilitate an ultrafast charge separation even at low-band-offset heterojunctions.

Tamura, Hiroyuki

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Compact models with regular charge distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We model a compact relativistic body with anisotropic pressures in the presence of an electric field. The equation of state is barotropic with a linear relationship between the radial pressure and the energy density. Simple exact models of the Einstein-Maxwell equations are generated. A graphical analysis indicates that the matter and electromagnetic variables are well behaved. In particular the proper charge density is regular for certain parameter values at the stellar centre unlike earlier anisotropic models in the presence of charge. We show that the electric field affects the mass of stellar objects and the observed mass for a particular binary pulsar is regained. Our models contain previous results of anisotropic charged matter with a linear equation of state for special parameter values.

P. Mafa Takisa; S. D. Maharaj

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Method for charging a hydrogen getter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for charging a sample of either a permanent or reversible getter material with a high concentration of hydrogen while maintaining a base pressure below 10.sup.-4 torr at room temperature involves placing the sample of hydrogen getter material in a chamber, activating the sample of hydrogen getter material, overcharging the sample of getter material through conventional charging techniques to a high concentration of hydrogen, and then subjecting the sample of getter material to a low temperature vacuum bake-out process. Application of the method results in a reversible hydrogen getter which is highly charged to maximum capacities of hydrogen and which concurrently exhibits minimum hydrogen vapor pressures at room temperatures.

Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO); Keyser, Matthew A. (Westminster, CO); Benson, David K. (Golden, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Medium energy charged particle data for evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Medium energy charged particles incident on targets can cause a variety of nuclear reactions. Charged particle transport calculations require access to a large body of cross-section data which results in interest in an evaluated charge particle data library. Developing an evaluated data library can involve several steps. An index to the literature on measurements and theory is useful to locate information relevant to data evaluation. A computerized compilation of measurements facilitates the intercomparison of different experiments and the determination of how well data are known. Nuclear models, based on theory or phenonological evidence, are compared with experiment and where validated, are used to fill in regions where experimental data are not available. Finally, the selected data is placed into computer readable formats for use in transport calculations. 16 refs.

Pearlstein, S.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Observation of lines above 2000 A in O VIII and C VI in the Princeton Large Torus due to charge-exchange processes: Diagnostic applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrogenlike oxygen and carbon lines from transitions (..delta..n = 1) between levels of high principal quantum number n, with wavelengths above 2000 A have been observed. Observations of such transitions were possible due to charge-exchange processes during neutral beam injection of hydrogen atoms into the Princeton Large Torus tokamak. The lines are O VIII 2976 A (8--7 transitions), C VI 3434 A (7--6), and C VI 5291 A (8--7). Application of these lines for ion temperature measurements and initial observations of neutral beam vertical distributions in the plasma are presented.

Suckewer, S.; Skinner, C.H.; Stratton, B.; Bell, R.; Cavallo, A.; Hosea, J.; Hwang, D.; Schilling, G.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Two stroke homogenous charge compression ignition engine with pulsed air supplier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A two stroke homogenous charge compression ignition engine includes a volume pulsed air supplier, such as a piston driven pump, for efficient scavenging. The usage of a homogenous charge tends to decrease emissions. The use of a volume pulsed air supplier in conjunction with conventional poppet type intake and exhaust valves results in a relatively efficient scavenging mode for the engine. The engine preferably includes features that permit valving event timing, air pulse event timing and injection event timing to be varied relative to engine crankshaft angle. The principle use of the invention lies in improving diesel engines.

Clarke, John M. (Chillicothe, IL)

2003-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

450

Thermodynamic Bounds on Nonlinear Electrostatic Perturbations in Intense Charged Particle Beams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper places a lowest upper bound on the field energy in electrostatic perturbations in single-species charged particle beams with initial temperature anisotropy (TllT? thermodynamic bound on the field perturbation energy of the instabilities is obtained from the nonlinear Vlasov-Poisson equations for an arbitrary initial distribution function, including the effects of intense self-fields, finite geometry and nonlinear processes. This paper also includes analytical estimates of the nonlinear bounds for space-charge-dominated and emittance-dominated anisotropic bi-Maxwellian distributions.

Nikolas C. Logan and Ronald C. Davidson

2012-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

451

U-182: Microsoft Windows Includes Some Invalid Certificates | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

82: Microsoft Windows Includes Some Invalid Certificates 82: Microsoft Windows Includes Some Invalid Certificates U-182: Microsoft Windows Includes Some Invalid Certificates June 4, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in Microsoft Windows. A remote user may be able to spoof code signing signatures. PLATFORM: Version(s): XP SP3, 2003 SP2, Vista SP2, 2008 SP2, 7 SP1, 2008 R2 SP1; and prior service packs ABSTRACT: The operating system includes some invalid intermediate certificates. The vulnerability is due to the certificate authorities and not the operating system itself. Reference Links: Security tracker ID 1027114 GENERIC-MAP-NOMATCH Vendor Advisory IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: The invalid certificates and their thumbprints are: Microsoft Enforced Licensing Intermediate PCA: 2a 83 e9 02 05 91 a5 5f c6

452

Removal of mineral matter including pyrite from coal  

SciTech Connect

Mineral matter, including pyrite, is removed from coal by treatment of the coal with aqueous alkali at a temperature of about 175.degree. to 350.degree. C, followed by acidification with strong acid.

Reggel, Leslie (Pittsburgh, PA); Raymond, Raphael (Bethel Park, PA); Blaustein, Bernard D. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1976-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

453

Free Energy Efficiency Kit includes CFL light bulbs,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free Energy Efficiency Kit Kit includes CFL light bulbs, spray foam, low-flow shower head, and more i ci e n cy On Thursday, March 31st New River Light & Power will sponsor a seminar that is designed

Rose, Annkatrin

454

Characterizations of Aircraft Icing Environments that Include Supercooled Large Drops  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of aircraft icing environments that include supercooled large drops (SLD) greater than 50 ?m in diameter have been made during 38 research flights. These flights were conducted during the First and Third Canadian Freezing Drizzle ...

Stewart G. Cober; George A. Isaac; J. Walter Strapp

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Including costs of supply chain risk in strategic sourcing decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost evaluations do not always include the costs associated with risks when organizations make strategic sourcing decisions. This research was conducted to establish and quantify the impact of risks and risk-related costs ...

Jain, Avani

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Including Atmospheric Layers in Vegetation and Urban Offline Surface Schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A formulation to include prognostic atmospheric layers in offline surface schemes is derived from atmospheric equations. Whereas multilayer schemes developed previously need a complex coupling between atmospheric-model levels and surface-scheme ...

Valéry Masson; Yann Seity

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Eli Lilly to someone by E-mail Eli Lilly to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development

458

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sacramento to someone by E-mail Sacramento to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners

459

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Samsung Electronics to someone by E-mail Samsung Electronics to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging

460

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pepco Holdings, Inc. to someone by E-mail Pepco Holdings, Inc. to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include transition charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DTE Energy to someone by E-mail DTE Energy to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness

462

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ford Motor Company to someone by E-mail Ford Motor Company to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging

463

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Electric Vehicle (EV) Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on AddThis.com... More in this section...

464

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OSRAM SYLVANIA to someone by E-mail OSRAM SYLVANIA to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources

465

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Grid to someone by E-mail National Grid to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness

466

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hartford to someone by E-mail Hartford to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness

467

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Verizon to someone by E-mail Verizon to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development

468

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facebook to someone by E-mail Facebook to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development

469

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dell Inc. to someone by E-mail Dell Inc. to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development

470

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Electric Vehicle Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development

471

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Commercial Deliveries included in Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History U.S. 63.3 59.3 57.9 57.0 57.4 61.3 1983-2013 Alabama 71.7 71.0 68.5 68.2 68.4 66.7 1989-2013 Alaska 94.1 91.6 91.1 91.0 92.3 92.6 1989-2013 Arizona 84.0 83.0 81.6 80.3 82.8 82.7 1989-2013 Arkansas 37.8 28.3 28.1 28.6 26.7 28.0 1989-2013

472

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Industrial Deliveries included in Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History U.S. 16.5 16.3 16.0 16.2 16.6 16.9 2001-2013 Alabama 22.1 21.7 21.6 22.8 22.0 22.7 2001-2013 Alaska 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2001-2013 Arizona 13.4 15.7 15.3 13.8 13.7 13.9 2001-2013 Arkansas 1.7 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.5 2001-2013

473

EV Everywhere Charges Up the Workplace | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EV Everywhere Charges Up the Workplace EV Everywhere Charges Up the Workplace EV Everywhere Charges Up the Workplace January 31, 2013 - 1:45pm Addthis As part of the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge, the new Workplace Charging Challenge aims to expand access to charging stations in cities across the U.S. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. As part of the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge, the new Workplace Charging Challenge aims to expand access to charging stations in cities across the U.S. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. As part of the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge, the new Workplace Charging Challenge aims to expand access to charging stations in cities across the U.S.| Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. As part of the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge, the new Workplace Charging

474

A charged rotating cylindrical shell 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give an example of a spacetime having an infinite thin rotating cylindrical shell constituted by a charged perfect fluid as a source. As the interior of the shell the Bonnor–Melvin universe is considered, while its exterior is represented by Datta– Raychaudhuri spacetime. We discuss the energy conditions and we show that our spacetime contains closed timelike curves. Trajectories of charged test particles both inside and outside the cylinder are also examined. Expression for the angular velocity of a circular motion inside the cylinder is given.

P. Klepá?; J. Horsk´y

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Charged fundamental particles in Wesson's IMT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the framework of the Weyl-Dirac version of Wesson's Induced Matter Theory, spherically symmetric entities filled with an electrically charged substance are obtained in the empty 4D space-time, the brane. The substance, characterized by mass and charge density as well by pressure, is induced by the 5D bulk. The entity is separated from the surrounding vacuum by a boundary surface, where the metric satisfy the Schwarzschild conditions. Outside one has the Reissner-Nordstroem metric with M=Q. These entities may be regarded as classical (non-quantum) fundamental particles serving as constituents of quarks and leptons.

Mark Israelit

2007-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

476

Theory of ultrafast heterogeneous electron transfer: Contributions of direct charge transfer excitations to the absorbance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Absorption spectra related to heterogeneous electron transfer are analyzed with the focus on direct charge transfer transition from the surface attached molecule into the semiconductor band states. The computations are based on a model of reduced dimensionality with a single intramolecular vibrational coordinate but a complete account for the continuum of conduction band states. The applicability of this model to perylene on TiO{sub 2} has been demonstrated in a series of earlier papers. Here, based on a time-dependent formulation, the absorbance is calculated with the inclusion of charge transfer excitations. A broad parameter set inspired by the perylene TiO{sub 2} systems is considered. In particular, the description generalizes the Fano effect to heterogeneous electron transfer reactions. Preliminary simulations of measured spectra are presented for perylene-catechol attached to TiO{sub 2}.

Wang, Luxia; Willig, Frank; May, Volkhard [Department of Physics, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Xueyuan Road 30, Haidian District, 100083 Beijing (China); Fritz-Haber-Institut der MPG, Faradayweg 4-6, 14195 Berlin (Germany); Institut fuer Physik, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany)

2007-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

477

The effect of photo-electric absorption on space-charge limited flow in pulsars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photo-electric absorption of blackbody photons is an important process which limits the acceleration of ions under the space-charge limited flow boundary condition at the polar caps of pulsars with positive corotational charge density. Photo-electric cross-sections in high magnetic fields have been found for the geometrical conditions of the problem, and ion transition rates calculated as functions of the surface temperatures on both the polar cap and the general neutron-star surface. The general surface temperature is the more important and, unless it is below 10^5 K, limits the acceleration electric field in the open magnetosphere to values far below those needed either for electron-positron pair creation or slot-gap X-ray sources. But such ion beams are unstable against growth of a quasi-longitudinal Langmuir mode at rates that can be observationally significant as a source of coherent radio emission.

Jones, P B

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Charge-dipole acceleration of polar gas molecules towards charged nanoparticles: involvement in powerful charge-induced catalysis of heterophase chemical reactions and ball lightning phenomenon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In humid air, the substantial charge-dipole attraction and electrostatic acceleration of surrounding water vapour molecules towards charged combustible nanoparticles cause intense electrostatic hydration and preferential oxidation of these nanoparticles ...

Oleg Meshcheryakov

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Capacitor charging FET switcher with controller to adjust pulse width  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A switching power supply includes an FET full bridge, a controller to drive the FETs, a programmable controller to dynamically control final output current by adjusting pulse width, and a variety of protective systems, including an overcurrent latch for current control. Power MOSFETS are switched at a variable frequency from 20-50 kHz to charge a capacitor load from 0 to 6 kV. A ferrite transformer steps up the DC input. The transformer primary is a full bridge configuration with the FET switches and the secondary is fed into a high voltage full wave rectifier whose output is connected directly to the energy storage capacitor. The peak current is held constant by varying the pulse width using predetermined timing resistors and counting pulses. The pulse width is increased as the capacitor charges to maintain peak current. A digital ripple counter counts pulses, and after the desired number is reached, an up-counter is clocked. The up-counter output is decoded to choose among different resistors used to discharge a timing capacitor, thereby determining the pulse width. A current latch shuts down the supply on overcurrent due to either excessive pulse width causing transformer saturation or a major bridge fault, i.e., FET or transformer failure, or failure of the drive circuitry.

Mihalka, Alex M. (Livermore, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Diagnostic resonant cavity for a charged particle accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a diagnostic resonant cavity for determining characteristics of a charged particle beam, such as an electron beam, produced in a charged particle accelerator. The cavity is based on resonant quadrupole-mode and higher order cavities. Enhanced shunt impedance in such cavities is obtained by the incorporation of a set of four or more electrically conductive rods extending inwardly from either one or both of the end walls of the cavity, so as to form capacitive gaps near the outer radius of the beam tube. For typical diagnostic cavity applications, a five-fold increase in shunt impedance can be obtained. In alternative embodiments the cavity may include either four or more opposing pairs of rods which extend coaxially toward one another from the opposite end walls of the cavity and are spaced from one another to form capacitative gaps; or the cavity may include a single set of individual rods that extend from one end wall to a point adjacent the opposing end wall.

Barov, Nikolai (San Diego, CA)

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Neutron charge radius and the neutron electric form factor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For nearly forty years, the Galster parametrization has been employed to fit existing data for the neutron electric form factor, G{sub E}{sup n}, vs the square of the four-momentum transfer, Q{sup 2}. Typically this parametrization is constrained to be consistent with experimental data for the neutron charge radius. However, we find that the Galster form does not have sufficient freedom to accommodate reasonable values of the radius without constraining or compromising the fit. In addition, the G{sub E}{sup n} data are now at sufficient precision to motivate a two-parameter fit (or three parameters if we include thermal neutron data). Here we present a modified form of a two-dipole parametrization that allows this freedom and fits both G{sub E}{sup n} (including recent data at both low and high four-momentum transfer) and the charge radius well with simple, well-defined parameters. Analysis reveals that the Galster form is essentially a two-parameter approximation to the two-dipole form but becomes degenerate if we try to extend it naturally to three parameters.

Gentile, T. R. [Stop 8461, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Crawford, C. B. [University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506 (United States)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

482

Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Focus Area: Solar Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.leonardo-energy.org/webinar-introduction-small-scale-photovoltaic- Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/introduction-small-scale-photovoltaic Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Project Development This video teaches the viewer about photovoltaic arrays and RETscreen's photovoltaic module, which can be used to project the cost and production of an array. An example case study was

483

projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million in non-Federal cost sharing) over four years. The overall goal of the research is to develop carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture and separation technologies that can achieve at least 90 percent CO 2 removal at no more than a 35 percent increase in the cost of electricity. The projects, managed by FE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), include: (1) Linde, LLC, which will use a post-combustion capture technology incorporating BASF's novel amine-based process at a 1-megawatt electric (MWe) equivalent slipstream pilot plant at the National Carbon Capture Center (NCCC) (DOE contribution: $15 million); (2) Neumann Systems Group, Inc., which will design, construct, and test a patented NeuStreamTM absorber at the Colorado

484

Honda Smart Home to Include Berkeley Lab Ventilation Controller  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Honda Smart Home to Include Berkeley Lab Ventilation Controller Honda Smart Home to Include Berkeley Lab Ventilation Controller Honda smart home October 2013 October-November Special Focus: Energy Efficiency, Buildings, and the Electric Grid Honda Motor Company Inc is proceeding with plans to build a Smart Home in Davis, California, to demonstrate the latest in renewable energy technologies and energy efficiency. The home is expected to produce more energy than is consumed, demonstrating how the goal of "zero net energy" can be met in the near term future. A ventilation controller developed by researchers at Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division (EETD) will be included in the smart home. EETD is currently working with the developers of the home control system to integrate its control algorithms.

485

DOE Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions DOE Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions September 30, 2011 - 2:30pm Addthis On September 27, 2011, the Department of Energy (DOE) approved revisions to its National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) regulations, and on September 28th, submitted the revisions to the Federal Register. The final regulations, which become effective 30 days after publication in the Federal Register, are the culmination of a 2-year process to review and update DOE's NEPA implementing procedures. This process involved internal evaluation, public participation, and Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) review. The revisions are designed to focus Departmental resources on projects with the potential for significant environmental impact, to better

486

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy: a background text. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect

Some of the most common forms of renewable energy are presented in this textbook for students. The topics include solar energy, wind power hydroelectric power, biomass ocean thermal energy, and tidal and geothermal energy. The main emphasis of the text is on the sun and the solar energy that it yields. Discussions on the sun's composition and the relationship between the earth, sun and atmosphere are provided. Insolation, active and passive solar systems, and solar collectors are the subtopics included under solar energy. (BCS)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Thin film solar cell including a spatially modulated intrinsic layer  

SciTech Connect

One or more thin film solar cells in which the intrinsic layer of substantially amorphous semiconductor alloy material thereof includes at least a first band gap portion and a narrower band gap portion. The band gap of the intrinsic layer is spatially graded through a portion of the bulk thickness, said graded portion including a region removed from the intrinsic layer-dopant layer interfaces. The band gap of the intrinsic layer is always less than the band gap of the doped layers. The gradation of the intrinsic layer is effected such that the open circuit voltage and/or the fill factor of the one or plural solar cell structure is enhanced.

Guha, Subhendu (Troy, MI); Yang, Chi-Chung (Troy, MI); Ovshinsky, Stanford R. (Bloomfield Hills, MI)

1989-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

488

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy: a background text. [Includes glossary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Some of the most common forms of renewable energy are presented in this textbook for students. The topics include solar energy, wind power hydroelectric power, biomass ocean thermal energy, and tidal and geothermal energy. The main emphasis of the text is on the sun and the solar energy that it yields. Discussions on the sun's composition and the relationship between the earth, sun and atmosphere are provided. Insolation, active and passive solar systems, and solar collectors are the subtopics included under solar energy. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Online mechanism design for electric vehicle charging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles are expected to place a considerable strain on local electricity distribution networks, requiring charging to be coordinated in order to accommodate capacity constraints. We design a novel online auction protocol for ... Keywords: electric vehicle, mechanism design, pricing

Enrico H. Gerding; Valentin Robu; Sebastian Stein; David C. Parkes; Alex Rogers; Nicholas R. Jennings