National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for include military jet

  1. military

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    2%2A en Military Academic Collaborations http:www.nnsa.energy.govaboutusourprogramsdefenseprogramsmilitaryacademiccollaborations

  2. military

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4) August 20123/%2A en46Afedkcp |field2/%2A en Military

  3. Jet Fuel from Microalgal Lipids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2006-07-01

    A fact sheet on production of jet fuel or multi-purpose military fuel from lipids produced by microalgae.

  4. Military Band 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    , because American military officers allowed the militarization of the police forces to become institutionalized without also establishing normative constraints on the use of military power. The thesis contends that American military authorities undermined...

  5. Impingement heat transfer within arrays of circular jets including the effect of crossflow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matsumoto, Ryosuke; Ishihara, Isao; Yabe, Toshiaki; Ikeda, Keita; Kikkawa, Shinzo; Senda, Mamoru

    1999-07-01

    The purpose of this work is to investigate the heat transfer and the flow characteristics for the arrays of impingement jets taking into consideration the effect of the crossflow. In this experiment, two types of the crossflow schemes, referred to as the minimum crossflow and the maximum crossflow by the Obot et al. (1987), were examined. In the case of the maximum crossflow, the exhaust air was restricted by the side wall to leave through one side of the jet array. In the case of the minimum crossflow, the side wall was removed, and the exhaust air flowed away through all four edges of the jet array. To examine the flow pattern of the exhaust air, the flow visualization by the smoke flow was carried out. The air after impinging to the target surface was entrained into the downstream adjacent jet. The exhaust air was discharged to the outside of array through two ways: One was that the air was discharged to outside by entraining into the downstream adjacent jet. The other was that the exhaust air was discharged along the endwall surface on the mid-span of adjacent jets. The thermosensitive liquid crystal sheet was applied to measure the temperature distributions and to obtain the local heat transfer coefficients on the impingement surface. The local Nusselt number distribution for the maximum crossflow was hardly decreased in the downstream rows, although the velocity of the exhaust air increased. In the downstream row, however, the distribution of the local Nusselt number is non-circular shape because of the exhaust air. The averaged Nusselt number for the maximum crossflow was slightly lower than that in the case of minimum crossflow.

  6. ESAPS Materials: Supporting Online Materials include 1) Time-evolution of transonic and supersonic fuel jets and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruner, Sol M.

    fuel jets and shock waves generated by them quantitatively visualized by microsecond x results of shock waves generated by liquid fuel jets injected at 40, 100, and 135 MPa in a form Material #1: Time-evolution of transonic and supersonic fuel jets and shock waves generated by them

  7. Aeroacoustics of volcanic jets: Acoustic power estimation and jet velocity dependence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matoza, Robin S; Fee, D; Neilsen, Tracianne B; Gee, Kent L; Ogden, Darcy E

    2013-01-01

    of noise from a military jet aircraft during ground run-up,Radiated by Subsonic Air Jets, David W. Taylor Model Basin,analysis of model-scale jet noise, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. ,

  8. Frameworks for Analyzing Chinese Defense and Military Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, Tai Ming; Mahnken, Thomas G; Ross, Andrew L

    2011-01-01

    include those between product innovation (improved means)defense and military innovation and its concrete products.products, processes, and services for military and dual-use applications, and military innovation

  9. Energy evolution of the moments of the hadron distribution in QCD jets including NNLL resummation and NLO running-coupling corrections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redamy Perez-Ramos; David d'Enterria

    2014-08-15

    The moments of the single inclusive momentum distribution of hadrons in QCD jets, are studied in the next-to-modified-leading-log approximation (NMLLA) including next-to-leading-order (NLO) corrections to the alpha_s strong coupling. The evolution equations are solved using a distorted Gaussian parametrisation, which successfully reproduces the spectrum of charged hadrons of jets measured in e+e- collisions. The energy dependencies of the maximum peak, multiplicity, width, kurtosis and skewness of the jet hadron distribution are computed analytically. Comparisons of all the existing jet data measured in e+e- collisions in the range sqrt(s)~2-200 GeV to the NMLLA+NLO* predictions allow one to extract a value of the QCD parameter Lambda_QCD, and associated two-loop coupling constant at the Z resonance alpha_s(m_Z^2)= 0.1195 +/- 0.0022, in excellent numerical agreement with the current world average obtained using other methods.

  10. Environmental and economic assessment of microalgae-derived jet fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Nicholas Aaron

    2012-01-01

    Significant efforts must be undertaken to quantitatively assess various alternative jet fuel pathways when working towards achieving environmental and economic United States commercial and military alternative aviation ...

  11. Stellar jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas J. Maccarone

    2008-05-23

    With a goal of understanding the conditions under which jets might be produced in novae and related objects, I consider the conditions under which jets are produced from other classes of accreting compact objects. I give an overview of accretion disk spectral states, including a discussion of in which states these jets are seen. I highlight the differences between neutron stars and black holes, which may help give us insights about when and how the presence of a solid surface may help or inhibit jet production.

  12. Jet Streams Jet Streams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hennon, Christopher C.

    ATMS 310 Jet Streams Jet Streams A jet stream is an intense (30+ m/s in upper troposphere, 15+ m of air associated with strong (at least 5-10 ms-1 km-1 ) vertical wind shear. A Jet Streak is an isotach maximum embedded within a jet stream. Jet streams are mesoscale in the cross-flow direction and synoptic

  13. Measurement of t-tbar production with additional jet activity, including b quark jets, in the dilepton channel using pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 8TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CMS Collaboration

    2015-10-11

    Jet multiplicity distributions in top quark pair (t-tbar) events are measured in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC using a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse-femtobarns. The measurement is performed in the dilepton decay channels (e+ e-, mu+ mu-, and e+/- mu-/+). The absolute and normalized differential cross sections for t-tbar production are measured as a function of the jet multiplicity in the event for different jet transverse momentum thresholds and the kinematic properties of the leading additional jets. The differential t-tbar-b and t-tbar-b-bbar cross sections are presented for the first time as a function of the kinematic properties of the leading additional b jets. Furthermore, the fraction of events without additional jets above a threshold is measured as a function of the transverse momenta of the leading additional jets and the scalar sum of the transverse momenta of all additional jets. The data are compared and found to be consistent with predictions from several perturbative quantum chromodynamics event generators and a next-to-leading order calculation.

  14. Partnering with the Military 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2006-01-01

    and intensity, reduced sediment loss from train- ing areas by as much as 90 percent and improved the training areas? sustainability, Hoffman said. The compost project, federally funded through the NRCS, is an example of the military?s foresight and interest... project is another example of the military working to protect the ecosystem surrounding its training areas.? Now the project is moving into its next phase?large- scale application and refining the specific recommen- dations of using the compost...

  15. Loyalty for Sale? Military Spending and Coups d'Etat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leon, Gabriel

    2012-02-27

    other causes are present. This is consistent with the experience of Peru between 1912 and 1964, when "every civilian government that reduced the proportion of the national budget assigned to the Peruvian military was overthrown, and this despite... that the size of the military and the type of regime (whether democratic or whether a military dictatorship) lose their predictive power once country ?xed e¤ects are included. Only instability remains signi?cant, with its coe¢ cient largely unchanged.21...

  16. Organic vapor jet printing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Forrest, Stephen R

    2012-10-23

    An organic vapor jet printing system includes a pump for increasing the pressure of an organic flux.

  17. A Survey of NASA and Military Standards on Fault Tolerance and Reliability Applied to Robotics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice University - Center for Cooperative Autonomous Robots for Hazardous Environments

    A Survey of NASA and Military Standards on Fault Tolerance and Reliability Applied to Robotics of relevant Military and NASA standards for reliability and fault toler­ ance is included. 1 Introduction

  18. Fourth Generation Nuclear Weapons: Military effectiveness and collateral effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gsponer, A

    2005-01-01

    The paper begins with a general introduction and update to Fourth Generation Nuclear Weapons (FGNW), and then addresses some particularly important military aspects on which there has been only limited public discussion so far. These aspects concern the unique military characteristics of FGNWs which make them radically different from both nuclear weapons based on previous-generation nuclear-explosives and from conventional weapons based on chemical-explosives: yields in the 1 to 100 tons range, greatly enhanced coupling to targets, possibility to drive powerful shaped charged jets and forged fragments, enhanced prompt radiation effects, reduced collateral damage and residual radioactivity, etc.

  19. military academic programs

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4) August 20123/%2A en46Afedkcp |field2/%2A en Military

  20. Sandia Energy - Military

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)Geothermal Energy &Water Power&Grid Action NetworkMilitary Home

  1. 17.950 Understanding Modern Military Operations, Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cote, Owen R., 1960-

    A proper understanding of modern military operations requires a prior understanding of both the material side of war, including especially weapon, sensor, communication, and information processing technologies, and the ...

  2. 17.462 Innovation in Military Organizations, Spring 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Posen, Barry

    Explores the origins, rate, and impact of innovations in military organizations, doctrine, and weapons. Emphasis on organization theory approaches. Comparisons with nonmilitary and non-US experience included. From the ...

  3. APPLICATION OF THE MACH WAVE ELIMINATION METHOD TO SUPERSONIC JET ENGINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debiasi, Marco

    APPLICATION OF THE MACH WAVE ELIMINATION METHOD TO SUPERSONIC JET ENGINES Marco Debiasi and Dimitri to engines of supersonic business and military aircraft. Several jet and co ow com- binations, suitable that a turbofan engine with jet and co ow conditions for Mach wave elimination is feasible using current

  4. Cultural intelligence support for military operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guthormsen, Amy M.; MacKerrow, Edward P; Merritt, Terence M; Morgart, Ruth E

    2010-04-08

    It has long been recognized that military success relies on knowledge of the enemy. In the context of standard warfare, adequate knowledge of the enemy may be gained by analyzing observable, measurable data. In the context of modern counterinsurgency operations and the global war on terror, the task of predicting the behavior of the enemy is vastly more complex and difficult. Without an understanding of the ways individuals in the host nation interpret and react to events, no amount of objective information can provide the insight required to accurately predict behavior. US military doctrine has begun to recognize the importance of the many ways that local culture can affect operation success. Increasingly military decision makers use cultural information in the service of operation planning, and troops are provided with pre-deployment cultural training. However, no amount of training can cover the breadth and depth of potentially useful cultural information, and no amount of careful planning can avoid the need to adapt as situations develop. Therefore, a critical challenge is to provide useful tools to US personnel in their efforts to collect, analyze, and utilize cultural information. Essential functions for cultural support tools include the following: (1) to narrow down a broad range of available data and focus the user's attention on context-relevant information, (2) to present cultural information in an easily understood form, (3) to prompt the user to seek relevant information in the environment, (4) to synthesize information, and (5) to predict outcomes based on possible courses of operation. In this paper, we begin by reviewing the ways in which military operations can benefit from cultural intelligence. We then discuss frameworks for analyzing cultural information in the context of a military operation. We conclude with a demonstration of our current efforts to develop a tool that meets the aforementioned functional challenges.

  5. On Military Innovation: Toward an Analytical Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Andrew L

    2010-01-01

    emphasis on hardware in- novation or on software innovation?Is technological innovation being ac- companied bying spent on military innovation? 8. Have China’s military

  6. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Evaluating Military Bases...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Military Bases and Fleet Readiness for Electric Vehicles Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Evaluating Military Bases and Fleet Readiness for Electric Vehicles The Vehicle...

  7. Fuzzy Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mackey, Lester; Schwartzman, Ariel; Stansbury, Conrad

    2015-01-01

    Collimated streams of particles produced in high energy physics experiments are organized using clustering algorithms to form jets. To construct jets, the experimental collaborations based at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) primarily use agglomerative hierarchical clustering schemes known as sequential recombination. We propose a new class of algorithms for clustering jets that use infrared and collinear safe mixture models. These new algorithms, known as fuzzy jets, are clustered using maximum likelihood techniques and can dynamically determine various properties of jets like their size. We show that the fuzzy jet size adds additional information to conventional jet tagging variables. Furthermore, we study the impact of pileup and show that with some slight modifications to the algorithm, fuzzy jets can be stable up to high pileup interaction multiplicities.

  8. Fuzzy Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lester Mackey; Benjamin Nachman; Ariel Schwartzman; Conrad Stansbury

    2015-09-07

    Collimated streams of particles produced in high energy physics experiments are organized using clustering algorithms to form jets. To construct jets, the experimental collaborations based at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) primarily use agglomerative hierarchical clustering schemes known as sequential recombination. We propose a new class of algorithms for clustering jets that use infrared and collinear safe mixture models. These new algorithms, known as fuzzy jets, are clustered using maximum likelihood techniques and can dynamically determine various properties of jets like their size. We show that the fuzzy jet size adds additional information to conventional jet tagging variables. Furthermore, we study the impact of pileup and show that with some slight modifications to the algorithm, fuzzy jets can be stable up to high pileup interaction multiplicities.

  9. Particle Multiplicity in Jets and Sub-jets with Jet Axis from Color Current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wlofgang Ochs; Redamy Perez Ramos

    2008-07-07

    We study the particle multiplicity in a jet or sub-jet as derived from an energy-multiplicity 2-particle correlation. This definition avoids the notion of a globally fixed jet axis and allows for the study of smaller jet cone openings in a more stable way. The results are sensitive to the mean color current $_{A_0} $ in the jet from primary parton $A_0$ which takes into account intermediate partonic processes in the sub-jet production where $C_F_{A_0} jet axis definition are computed for multiplicities in sub-jets with different opening angles and energies by including contributions from the Modified LLA (MLLA) and Next-to-MLLA to the leading order QCD results.

  10. Understanding Military Innovation: Chinese Defense S&T in Historical and Theoretical Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahnken, Thomas G

    2010-01-01

    ABILITY TO DETECT INNOVATION There are several additionaland recog- nize Chinese innovation. These include: Thomas G.Understanding Military Innovation: Chinese Defense S&T in

  11. Military housing foam application and analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torres, J. J.

    2012-03-01

    Sandia and Forest City have established a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA), the partnership provides a unique opportunity to take technology research and development from demonstration to application in sustainable communities. This project consists of two activities conducted in Hawaii that focus on performance, integration and application of energy saving technologies. Hawaii has many energy challenges, making this location an excellent testbed for these activities. Under this project, spray foam technology was applied at military housing on Oahu and the consumption data collected. A cost benefit and operational analysis of the foam was completed. The second phase of this project included design, integration, and analysis of photovoltaic systems at a military community on Oahu. This phase of the project was conducted as part of Forest City's second Solar America Showcase Award.

  12. Characterization of the coherent structure in a high speed subsonic jet 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wattanachayakul, Montri

    1980-01-01

    and engineers. With the development of large jet engines for use in high speed commer- cial and military aircrafts, high exhaust velocities have made the jet noise problem very critic&, especially during airplane take offs from metropolitan airports. Many... to U . This 8 method is not always feasible for transonic and supersonic air- crafts. In order to effectively reduce noise from the jet of air, sufficient knowledge about noise production mechanisms and noise source location in the jet is essential...

  13. 2014 SAME Mid-Atlantic Regional Joint Engineer Training Symposium (JETS)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Society of American Military Engineers (SAME) presents its Mid-Atlantic Regional Joint Engineer Training Symposium (JETS) with the topic Navigating the New Normal: Partnerships for the Future.

  14. Jets in Soft-Collinear Effective Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hornig, Andrew

    2010-01-01

    Jet Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Event Shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . JetQuark Jet

  15. Microalgal Production of Jet Fuel: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-07-208

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jarvis, E. E.; Pienkos, P. T.

    2012-06-01

    Microalgae are photosynthetic microorganisms that can use CO2 and sunlight to generate the complex biomolecules necessary for their survival. These biomolecules include energy-rich lipid compounds that can be converted using existing refinery equipment into valuable bio-derived fuels, including jet fuel for military and commercial use. Through a dedicated and thorough collaborative research, development and deployment program, the team of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Chevron will identify a suitable algae strain that will surpass the per-acre biomass productivity of terrestrial plant crops.

  16. Gravitomagnetic Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Chicone; B. Mashhoon

    2011-03-12

    We present a family of dynamic rotating cylindrically symmetric Ricci-flat gravitational fields whose geodesic motions have the structure of gravitomagnetic jets. These correspond to helical motions of free test particles up and down parallel to the axis of cylindrical symmetry and are reminiscent of the motion of test charges in a magnetic field. The speed of a test particle in a gravitomagnetic jet asymptotically approaches the speed of light. Moreover, numerical evidence suggests that jets are attractors. The possible implications of our results for the role of gravitomagnetism in the formation of astrophysical jets are briefly discussed.

  17. Armed forces, states and threats : civil-military institutions and military power in modern democracies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeVore, Marc Ronald

    2009-01-01

    Two longstanding questions preoccupying political scientists, military officers and policymakers alike are how should and how do political leaders interact with military professionals? This thesis argues that historic ...

  18. The First Calculation of Fractional Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniele Bertolini; Jesse Thaler; Jonathan R. Walsh

    2015-05-14

    In collider physics, jet algorithms are a ubiquitous tool for clustering particles into discrete jet objects. Event shapes offer an alternative way to characterize jets, and one can define a jet multiplicity event shape, which can take on fractional values, using the framework of "jets without jets". In this paper, we perform the first analytic studies of fractional jet multiplicity $\\tilde{N}_{\\rm jet}$ in the context of $e^+e^-$ collisions. We use fixed-order QCD to understand the $\\tilde{N}_{\\rm jet}$ cross section at order $\\alpha_s^2$, and we introduce a candidate factorization theorem to capture certain higher-order effects. The resulting distributions have a hybrid jet algorithm/event shape behavior which agrees with parton shower Monte Carlo generators. The $\\tilde{N}_{\\rm jet}$ observable does not satisfy ordinary soft-collinear factorization, and the $\\tilde{N}_{\\rm jet}$ cross section exhibits a number of unique features, including the absence of collinear logarithms and the presence of soft logarithms that are purely non-global. Additionally, we find novel divergences connected to the energy sharing between emissions, which are reminiscent of rapidity divergences encountered in other applications. Given these interesting properties of fractional jet multiplicity, we advocate for future measurements and calculations of $\\tilde{N}_{\\rm jet}$ at hadron colliders like the LHC.

  19. Cosmic Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Chicone; B. Mashhoon; K. Rosquist

    2011-02-17

    We discuss time-dependent gravitational fields that "accelerate" free test particles to the speed of light resulting in cosmic double-jet configurations. It turns out that complete gravitational collapse along a spatial axis together with corresponding expansion along the other two axes leads to the accelerated motion of free test particles up and down parallel to the collapse axis such that a double-jet pattern is asymptotically formed with respect to the collapsed configuration.

  20. Jets in relativistic heavy ion collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Xin-Nian; Gyulassy, M.

    1990-09-01

    Several aspects of hard and semihard QCD jets in relativistic heavy ion collisions are discussed, including multiproduction of minijets and the interaction of a jet with dense nuclear matter. The reduction of jet quenching effect in deconfined phase of nuclear matter is speculated to provide a signature of the formation of quark gluon plasma. HIJING Monte Carlo program which can simulate events of jets production and quenching in heavy ion collisions is briefly described. 35 refs., 13 figs.

  1. Emerging Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedro Schwaller; Daniel Stolarski; Andreas Weiler

    2015-05-11

    In this work, we propose a novel search strategy for new physics at the LHC that utilizes calorimeter jets that (i) are composed dominantly of displaced tracks and (ii) have many different vertices within the jet cone. Such emerging jet signatures are smoking guns for models with a composite dark sector where a parton shower in the dark sector is followed by displaced decays of dark pions back to SM jets. No current LHC searches are sensitive to this type of phenomenology. We perform a detailed simulation for a benchmark signal with two regular and two emerging jets, and present and implement strategies to suppress QCD backgrounds by up to six orders of magnitude. At the 14 TeV LHC, this signature can be probed with mediator masses as large as 1.5 TeV for a range of dark pion lifetimes, and the reach is increased further at the high-luminosity LHC. The emerging jet search is also sensitive to a broad class of long-lived phenomena, and we show this for a supersymmetric model with R-parity violation. Possibilities for discovery at LHCb are also discussed.

  2. Jet observables without jet algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertolini, Daniele

    We introduce a new class of event shapes to characterize the jet-like structure of an event. Like traditional event shapes, our observables are infrared/collinear safe and involve a sum over all hadrons in an event, but ...

  3. Hadron Correlation in Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudolph C. Hwa

    2007-01-18

    We review some recent experimental and theoretical work on the correlation among hadrons produced at intermediate $p_T$ at RHIC. The topics include: forward and backward asymmetry with and without trigger at mid-rapidity, associated-particle distribution on the near side, the $\\Omega$ puzzle and its solution, associated particles on the away side, and two-jet recombination at LHC.

  4. Formation of Jets by Baroclinic Turbulence BRIAN F. FARRELL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Brian F.

    Formation of Jets by Baroclinic Turbulence BRIAN F. FARRELL Department of Earth and Planetary spatial-scale jets; geophysical examples of this phenomenon include the Jovian banded winds and the earth's polar-front jet. These relatively steady large-scale jets arise from and are maintained by the smaller

  5. Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-26

    In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of what doctrine meant in 2000 and an outline of the 2000 doctrine. An overview of the 2000 doctrine is: (1) The 2000 doctrine was a return to a more defensive posture; the threat of nuclear retaliation, rather than that of preemptive force, would be its deterrence; (2) In order to strengthen its nuclear deterrence, Russia extended and redefined the cases in which nuclear weapons could be used to include a wider range of conflict types and a larger spectrum of attackers; and (3) Russia's threats changed to reflect its latest fear of engaging in a limited conflict with no prospect of the use of nuclear deterrence. In 2006, the defense minister and deputy prime minister Sergei Ivanov announced that the government was starting on a draft of a future doctrine. Four years later, in 2010, the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation was put into effect with the intent of determining Russian doctrine until 2020. The 2010 doctrine, like all previous doctrines, was a product of the times in which it was written. Gone were many of the fears that had followed Russia for the past two decades. Below are an examination of the 2010 definition of doctrine as well as a brief analysis of the 2010 doctrine and its deviations from past doctrines. An overview of the 2010 doctrine is: (1) The new doctrine emphasizes the political centralization of command both in military policy and the use of nuclear weapons; (2) Nuclear doctrine remains the same in many aspects including the retention of first-use; (3) At the same time, doctrine was narrowed to using nuclear weapons only when the Russian state's existence is in danger; to continue strong deterrence, Russia also opted to follow the United States by introducing precision conventional weapons; (4) NATO is defined as Russia's primary external threat because of its increased global presence and its attempt to recruit states that are part of the Russian 'bloc'; and (5) The 2000 doctrine's defensive stance was left out of the doctrine; rumored options for use of nuclear weapons in local wars and in preemptive strikes were also left out.

  6. A perspective on safeguarding and monitoring of excess military plutonium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sutcliffe, W.G.

    1994-10-02

    The purpose of this paper is to provide a perspective and framework for the development of safeguarding and monitoring procedures for the various stages of disposition of excess military plutonium. The paper briefly outlines and comments on some of the issues involved in safeguarding and monitoring excess military plutonium as it progresses from weapons through dismantlement, to fabrication as reactor fuel, to use in a reactor, and finally to storage and disposal as spent fuel. {open_quotes}Military{close_quotes} refers to ownership, and includes both reactor-grade and weapon-grade plutonium. {open_quotes}Excess{close_quotes} refers to plutonium (in any form) that a government decides is no longer needed for military use and can be irrevocably removed from military stockpiles. Many of the issues and proposals presented in this paper are based on, or are similar to, those mentioned in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report on excess military plutonium. Safeguards for plutonium disposition are discussed elsewhere in terms of requirements established by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Here, the discussion is less specific. The term {open_quotes}safeguarding{close_quotes} is used broadly to refer to materials control and accountancy (MC&A), containment and surveillance (C&S), and physical protection of nuclear materials by the state that possesses those materials. This is also referred to as material protection, control, and accountancy (MPCA). The term {open_quotes}safeguarding{close_quotes} was chosen for brevity and to distinguish MPCA considered in this paper from international or IAEA safeguards. {open_quotes}Monitoring{close_quotes} is used to refer to activities designed to assure another party (state or international organization) that the nuclear materials of the host state (the United States or Russia) are secure and not subject to unauthorized use.

  7. Can Protostellar Jets Drive Supersonic Turbulence in Molecular Clouds?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robi Banerjee; Ralf S. Klessen; Christian Fendt

    2007-06-25

    Jets and outflows from young stellar objects are proposed candidates to drive supersonic turbulence in molecular clouds. Here, we present the results from multi-dimensional jet simulations where we investigate in detail the energy and momentum deposition from jets into their surrounding environment and quantify the character of the excited turbulence with velocity probability density functions. Our study include jet--clump interaction, transient jets, and magnetised jets. We find that collimated supersonic jets do not excite supersonic motions far from the vicinity of the jet. Supersonic fluctuations are damped quickly and do not spread into the parent cloud. Instead subsonic, non-compressional modes occupy most of the excited volume. This is a generic feature which can not be fully circumvented by overdense jets or magnetic fields. Nevertheless, jets are able to leave strong imprints in their cloud structure and can disrupt dense clumps. Our results question the ability of collimated jets to sustain supersonic turbulence in molecular clouds.

  8. CIVIL-MILITARY GAP AND MILITARY EFFECTIVENESS: THE IMPACT OF IDEOLOGY AND MILITARY EXPERIENCE GAP ON DEFENSE SPENDING IN THE UNITED STATES, 1952-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Byeonggu

    2010-01-01

    Previous studies of civil-military gap have argued that the difference in values, perspectives, and opinions between civilians and the military matters because it determines military effectiveness, but empirical analyses ...

  9. Inter-Korean military confidence building after 2003.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tae-woo, Kim (Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, Seoul, Republic of Korea); Littlefield, Adriane C.; Vannoni, Michael Geoffrey; Sang-beom, Kim (Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, Seoul, Republic of Korea); Koelm, Jennifer Gay; Olsen, John Norman; Myong-jin, Kim (Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, Seoul, Republic of Korea); Sung-tack, Shin (Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, Seoul, Republic of Korea)

    2003-08-01

    Tensions on the Korean Peninsula remain high despite a long-term strategy by South Korea to increase inter-Korean exchanges in economics, culture, sports, and other topics. This is because the process of reconciliation has rarely extended to military and security topics and those initiatives that were negotiated have been ineffective. Bilateral interactions must include actions to reduce threats and improve confidence associated with conventional military forces (land, sea, and air) as well as nuclear, chemical, and biological activities that are applicable to developing and producing weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The purpose of this project is to develop concepts for inter-Korean confidence building measures (CBMs) for military and WMD topics that South Korea could propose to the North when conditions are right. This report describes the historical and policy context for developing security-related CBMs and presents an array of bilateral options for conventional military and WMD topics within a consistent framework. The conceptual CBMs address two scenarios: (1) improved relations where construction of a peace regime becomes a full agenda item in inter-Korean dialogue, and (2) continued tense inter-Korean relations. Some measures could be proposed in the short term under current conditions, others might be implemented in a series of steps, while some require a higher level of cooperation than currently exists. To support decision making by political leaders, this research focuses on strategies and policy options and does not include technical details.

  10. Military Initiative | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014 |Department ofMay 2013EnergyIQAfrom Bio-OilMilitary

  11. Jet Quenching via Jet Collimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jorge Casalderrey-Solana; Jose Guilherme Milhano; Urs Achim Wiedemann

    2010-12-03

    The ATLAS Collaboration recently reported strong modifications of dijet properties in heavy ion collisions. In this work, we discuss to what extent these first data constrain already the microscopic mechanism underlying jet quenching. Simple kinematic arguments lead us to identify a frequency collimation mechanism via which the medium efficiently trims away the soft components of the jet parton shower. Through this mechanism, the observed dijet asymmetry can be accomodated with values of $\\hat{q}\\, L$ that lie in the expected order of magnitude.

  12. Cicero de re militari: a civilian perspective on military matters in the late Republic 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liong, Katherine Amie

    2011-06-30

    Cicero‘s value as a military commentator has traditionally been obscured by his reputation as an unmilitary figure. This focus ignores the considerable quantity – and quality – of references to military matters in his ...

  13. Wind Industry Training for Our Military Veterans

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Energy Department is taking steps to leverage the skill sets of our military veterans in support of the wind energy industry.

  14. Haar LBP Gabor Jet boosting Gabor Jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ai, Haizhou

    Boosting 1 boosting Haar LBP Gabor Jet boosting LBP Haar Gabor Jet boosting TP391. Further more, three kinds of local feature, Haar like feature, LBP histogram and Gabor jet are extracted, Haar like feature is more efficient for discriminating young and middle aged people, and Gabor Jet fits

  15. Jet Rates at Small x to Single-Logarithmic Accuracy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlo Ewerz; Bryan R. Webber

    1999-04-06

    We present predictions of jet rates in deep inelastic scattering at small x to leading-logarithmic order in x, including all sub-leading logarithms of Q^2/m_R^2 where m_R is the transverse momentum scale at which jets are resolved. We give explicit results for up to three jets, and a perturbative expansion for multi-jet rates and jet multiplicities.

  16. Swords into plowshares: Military geology and national security projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neal, J.T.

    1994-12-31

    Military geology and national security projects are often comparable, achieving their rai-son d`etre in support of national goals, military operations, and/or systems-all for vital national interests. The application of Geoscience to these ends, especially engineering geology, has occurred from pole to pole and included every conceivable environment and natural condition. In the conduct of such projects, the Geosciences have advanced, and vice versa. Desert trafficability, most notably regarding playa surfaces, is both temporary and variable and not a persistent condition as some early authors believed. Playas in Australia, Iran, and the US show that saline efflorescence is removed following surface water dissolution and subsequent deflation, resulting in very hard crusts. Magadiite, a hydrous sodium silicate and possible precursor of bedded chert, was first discovered in North America at Alkali Lake, OR, during a military project. Pleistocene Lake Trinity, a small and mostly buried evaporate basin in the northern Jornada del Muerto, NM, was discovered during exploratory drilling in support of a military test program.

  17. DICHOTOMY OF SOLAR CORONAL JETS: STANDARD JETS AND BLOWOUT JETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moore, Ronald L.; Cirtain, Jonathan W.; Sterling, Alphonse C.; Falconer, David A.

    2010-09-01

    By examining many X-ray jets in Hinode/X-Ray Telescope coronal X-ray movies of the polar coronal holes, we found that there is a dichotomy of polar X-ray jets. About two thirds fit the standard reconnection picture for coronal jets, and about one third are another type. We present observations indicating that the non-standard jets are counterparts of erupting-loop H{alpha} macrospicules, jets in which the jet-base magnetic arch undergoes a miniature version of the blowout eruptions that produce major coronal mass ejections. From the coronal X-ray movies we present in detail two typical standard X-ray jets and two typical blowout X-ray jets that were also caught in He II 304 A snapshots from STEREO/EUVI. The distinguishing features of blowout X-ray jets are (1) X-ray brightening inside the base arch in addition to the outside bright point that standard jets have, (2) blowout eruption of the base arch's core field, often carrying a filament of cool (T {approx} 10{sup 4} - 10{sup 5} K) plasma, and (3) an extra jet-spire strand rooted close to the bright point. We present cartoons showing how reconnection during blowout eruption of the base arch could produce the observed features of blowout X-ray jets. We infer that (1) the standard-jet/blowout-jet dichotomy of coronal jets results from the dichotomy of base arches that do not have and base arches that do have enough shear and twist to erupt open, and (2) there is a large class of spicules that are standard jets and a comparably large class of spicules that are blowout jets.

  18. Jet Dipolarity: Top Tagging with Color Flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hook, Anson; Jankowiak, Martin; /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Wacker, Jay G.; /SLAC

    2011-08-12

    A new jet observable, dipolarity, is introduced that can distinguish whether a pair of subjets arises from a color singlet source. This observable is incorporated into the HEPTopTagger and is shown to improve discrimination between top jets and QCD jets for moderate to high p{sub T}. The impressive resolution of the ATLAS and CMS detectors means that a typical QCD jet at the LHC deposits energy in {Omicron}(10-100) calorimeter cells. Such fine-grained calorimetry allows for jets to be studied in much greater detail than previously, with sophisticated versions of current techniques making it possible to measure more than just the bulk properties of jets (e.g. event jet multiplicities or jet masses). One goal of the LHC is to employ these techniques to extend the amount of information available from each jet, allowing for a broader probe of the properties of QCD. The past several years have seen significant progress in developing such jet substructure techniques. A number of general purpose tools have been developed, including: (i) top-tagging algorithms designed for use at both lower and higher p{sub T} as well as (ii) jet grooming techniques such as filtering, pruning, and trimming, which are designed to improve jet mass resolution. Jet substructure techniques have also been studied in the context of specific particle searches, where they have been shown to substantially extend the reach of traditional search techniques in a wide variety of scenarios, including for example boosted Higgses, neutral spin-one resonances, searches for supersymmetry, and many others. Despite these many successes, however, there is every reason to expect that there remains room for refinement of jet substructure techniques.

  19. Explaining civil-military relations in Southeast Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwok, Jia-Chuan

    2010-01-01

    Civil-military relations describe the interactions and balance of power between the civilians and the military in a nation state. Due to the organizational apparatus and capacity for forcible coercion that the military ...

  20. Affect of Title III of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments on military facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trembly, L.A. [Naval Facilities Engineering Service Center, Port Hueneme, CA (United States)

    1997-12-31

    EPA has promulgated a number of NESHAPs in accordance with Title III of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA90) that have affected military installations. This paper provides a survey of NESHAP applicability on military installations and where feasible outlines compliance efforts and quantifies the emission reductions achieved. This paper focuses on NESHAPs promulgated since CAAA90. Specific NESHAPs that will be discussed include Halogenated Solvent Cleaners, Perchloroethylene Dry Cleaners, Chromium Electroplating and Anodizing Tanks, Ship Building and Repair Operations and Aerospace Manufacturing and Rework Operations. Other NESHAPs affecting military installations may be addressed if data are available.

  1. Leveraging Tribal Renewable Resources to Support Military Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Leveraging Tribal Renewable Resources to Support Military Energy Goals Leveraging Tribal Renewable Resources to Support Military Energy Goals May 30-31, 2013 Image of a speaker at...

  2. Energy Efficiency Upgrades Help Retired Military Officers Save...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Efficiency Upgrades Help Retired Military Officers Save Money Energy Efficiency Upgrades Help Retired Military Officers Save Money May 7, 2013 - 12:50pm Addthis A retirement...

  3. Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for Military Diesel Engine Generators...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for Military Diesel Engine Generators Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for Military Diesel Engine Generators Substantial increases in brake power and...

  4. War Upon the Map: The Politics of Military User Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindsay, Jon R.

    2006-07-18

    While military personnel are often involved in the design of information technology, the literature on military innovation generally assumes defense contractors are the primary producers. Furthermore, general organizational ...

  5. Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities: 2010 Military...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0 Military Energy and Alternative Fuels Conference Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities: 2010 Military Energy and Alternative Fuels Conference This presentation by DOE's...

  6. HEAVY QUARKS JETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, M.

    2010-01-01

    i'iAsm Heavy Quark Jets iBirijets. Short-distance vs long-than a few wide angle sub-jets at to draw first skelton jet

  7. Chaotic Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xavier Leoncini; George M. Zaslavsky

    2006-02-21

    The problem of characterizing the origin of the non-Gaussian properties of transport resulting from Hamiltonian dynamics is addressed. For this purpose the notion of chaotic jet is revisited and leads to the definition of a diagnostic able to capture some singular properties of the dynamics. This diagnostic is applied successfully to the problem of advection of passive tracers in a flow generated by point vortices. We present and discuss this diagnostic as a result of which clues on the origin of anomalous transport in these systems emerge.

  8. Information friction : information technology and military performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindsay, Jon Randall

    2011-01-01

    Militaries have long been eager to adopt the latest technology (IT) in a quest to improve knowledge of and control over the battlefield. At the same time, uncertainty and confusion have remained prominent in actual experience ...

  9. ITAM SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and the public. Geographic Information System (GIS) provides spatial information that assists military trainers

  10. Modeling of Jet-by-Jet Diffraction Dimitri Papamoschou

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papamoschou, Dimitri

    . Figure 1. Example of engine layout of Hybrid-Wing-Body airplane (Ref. 2). Research on jet-by-jetModeling of Jet-by-Jet Diffraction Dimitri Papamoschou The paper presents an analytical model for the prediction of jet-by-jet diffraction. The source jet is modeled as a radiating cylinder on which one can

  11. SUBTASK 3.11 – PRODUCTION OF CBTL-BASED JET FUELS FROM BIOMASS-BASED FEEDSTOCKS AND MONTANA COAL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharma, Ramesh

    2014-06-01

    The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC), in partnership with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Accelergy Corporation, an advanced fuels developer with technologies exclusively licensed from Exxon Mobil, undertook Subtask 3.11 to use a recently installed bench-scale direct coal liquefaction (DCL) system capable of converting 45 pounds/hour of pulverized, dried coal to a liquid suitable for upgrading to fuels and/or chemicals. The process involves liquefaction of Rosebud mine coal (Montana coal) coupled with an upgrading scheme to produce a naphthenic fuel. The upgrading comprises catalytic hydrotreating and saturation to produce naphthenic fuel. A synthetic jet fuel was prepared by blending equal volumes of naphthenic fuel with similar aliphatic fuel derived from biomass and 11 volume % of aromatic hydrocarbons. The synthetic fuel was tested using standard ASTM International techniques to determine compliance with JP-8 fuel. The composite fuel thus produced not only meets but exceeds the military aviation fuel-screening criteria. A 500-milliliter synthetic jet fuel sample which met internal screening criteria was submitted to the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) at Wright–Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio, for evaluation. The sample was confirmed by AFRL to be in compliance with U.S. Air Force-prescribed alternative aviation fuel initial screening criteria. The results show that this fuel meets or exceeds the key specification parameters for JP-8, a petroleum-based jet fuel widely used by the U.S. military. JP-8 specifications include parameters such as freeze point, density, flash point, and others; all of which were met by the EERC fuel sample. The fuel also exceeds the thermal stability specification of JP-8 fuel as determined by the quartz crystalline microbalance (QCM) test also performed at an independent laboratory as well as AFRL. This means that the EERC fuel looks and acts identically to petroleum-derived jet fuel and can be used interchangeably without any special requirements and thus provides a pathway to energy security to the U.S. military and the entire nation. This subtask was funded through the EERC–DOE Joint Program on Research and Development for Fossil Energy-Related Resources Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26- 08NT43291. Nonfederal funding was provided by Accelergy Corporation.

  12. PHYSICAL PARAMETERS OF STANDARD AND BLOWOUT JETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pucci, Stefano; Romoli, Marco; Poletto, Giannina; Sterling, Alphonse C.

    2013-10-10

    The X-ray Telescope on board the Hinode mission revealed the occurrence, in polar coronal holes, of much more numerous jets than previously indicated by the Yohkoh/Soft X-ray Telescope. These plasma ejections can be of two types, depending on whether they fit the standard reconnection scenario for coronal jets or if they include a blowout-like eruption. In this work, we analyze two jets, one standard and one blowout, that have been observed by the Hinode and STEREO experiments. We aim to infer differences in the physical parameters that correspond to the different morphologies of the events. To this end, we adopt spectroscopic techniques and determine the profiles of the plasma temperature, density, and outflow speed versus time and position along the jets. The blowout jet has a higher outflow speed, a marginally higher temperature, and is rooted in a stronger magnetic field region than the standard event. Our data provide evidence for recursively occurring reconnection episodes within both the standard and the blowout jet, pointing either to bursty reconnection or to reconnection occurring at different locations over the jet lifetimes. We make a crude estimate of the energy budget of the two jets and show how energy is partitioned among different forms. Also, we show that the magnetic energy that feeds the blowout jet is a factor of 10 higher than the magnetic energy that fuels the standard event.

  13. Intra-jet shocks in two counter-streaming, weakly collisional plasma jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryutov, D. D.; Kugland, N. L.; Park, H.-S.; Plechaty, C.; Remington, B. A.; Ross, J. S.

    2012-07-15

    Counterstreaming laser-generated plasma jets can serve as a test-bed for the studies of a variety of astrophysical phenomena, including collisionless shock waves. In the latter problem, the jet's parameters have to be chosen in such a way as to make the collisions between the particles of one jet with the particles of the other jet very rare. This can be achieved by making the jet velocities high and the Coulomb cross-sections correspondingly low. On the other hand, the intra-jet collisions for high-Mach-number jets can still be very frequent, as they are determined by the much lower thermal velocities of the particles of each jet. This paper describes some peculiar properties of intra-jet hydrodynamics in such a setting: the steepening of smooth perturbations and shock formation affected by the presence of the 'stiff' opposite flow; the role of a rapid electron heating in shock formation; ion heating by the intrajet shock. The latter effect can cause rapid ion heating which is consistent with recent counterstreaming jet experiments by Ross et al.[Phys. Plasmas 19, 056501 (2012)].

  14. ARPA-E: Improving Military Energy Security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willson, Bryan; Mahvi, Allison; Stepien, Tom; Wasco, Mick

    2014-02-24

    The U.S. military has a vested interest in advancing microgrid technologies that can power forward operating bases. These technologies could not only help the military significantly reduce its energy demand both at home and abroad, but also they could reduce the number of fuel-supply convoys required on the battlefield and the number of troops killed in fuel-supply convoy attacks. This video highlights two ARPA-E projects that have formed strategic partnerships with the military to enable these microgrids at forward operating bases. Georgia Tech is developing an innovative absorption heat pump that utilizes exhaust heat to provide heating and cooling, which could cut the amount of energy used to heat and cool forward operating bases by 50%. Primus Power is developing a low-cost, energy-dense storage system that could store enough energy to operate a base for several days in the event of a disruption.

  15. ARPA-E: Improving Military Energy Security

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Willson, Bryan; Mahvi, Allison; Stepien, Tom; Wasco, Mick

    2014-03-13

    The U.S. military has a vested interest in advancing microgrid technologies that can power forward operating bases. These technologies could not only help the military significantly reduce its energy demand both at home and abroad, but also they could reduce the number of fuel-supply convoys required on the battlefield and the number of troops killed in fuel-supply convoy attacks. This video highlights two ARPA-E projects that have formed strategic partnerships with the military to enable these microgrids at forward operating bases. Georgia Tech is developing an innovative absorption heat pump that utilizes exhaust heat to provide heating and cooling, which could cut the amount of energy used to heat and cool forward operating bases by 50%. Primus Power is developing a low-cost, energy-dense storage system that could store enough energy to operate a base for several days in the event of a disruption.

  16. Top Jets at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almeida, L.G.

    2009-01-01

    Top Jets at the LHC Leandro G. Almeida, Seung J. Lee, GiladWIS/17/08-SEPT-DPP Top Jets at the LHC Leandro G. Almeidareconstructed as a single jet, a “top-jet”. The most basic “

  17. Particle Physics Phenomenology 8. QCD jets and jet algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sjöstrand, Torbjörn

    Particle Physics Phenomenology 8. QCD jets and jet algorithms Torbj¨orn Sj¨ostrand Department rotationally symmetric. SppS (CERN): need to separate beam jets from highp ones. First solution: cone jets" infrared safe return to UA1 cone algorithm. Torbj¨orn Sj¨ostrand PPP 8: QCD jets and jet algorithms slide 2

  18. Development of an Improved Model for Piezo-Electric Driven Ink Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recktenwald, Gerald

    Development of an Improved Model for Piezo-Electric Driven Ink Jets Sharon S. Berger Xerox dynamic behavior of phase-change ink jets, including the individual jets in a print head. A typical model of an ink jet is based upon lumped-parameter (no spatial variation) assumptions. While quite accurately

  19. The cooperative monitoring of military forces: An exercise in strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-04-01

    This exercise examines a hypothetical security problem associated with conventional military forces and border security: a surprise attack. The goal of the exercise is to provide an opportunity to think about how cooperative monitoring can be part of regional security. Two hypothetical countries, VOLCANOES and MOUNTAINS, have been created for this exercise based on the US states of Arizona and New Mexico. They were selected for their size and variety of terrain. Hypothetical background information and characteristics of the two countries are provided. An outline of activities is given, including prioritization of security concerns and monitoring of objectives for security concerns. 6 tabs.

  20. Asymmetric Supernovae from Magneto-Centrifugal Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Craig Wheeler; David L. Meier; James R. Wilson

    2001-12-02

    Strong toroidal magnetic fields generated in stellar collapse can generate magneto-centrifugal jets in analogy to those found in simulations of black hole accretion and explain why all core collapse supernovae are found to be substantially asymmetric and predominantly bi-polar. We describe two phases: the initial LeBlanc-Wilson jet and a subsequent protopulsar or toroidal jet that propagates at about the core escape velocity. The jets will produce bow shocks that tend to expel matter, including iron and silicon, into equatorial tori, accounting for observations of the element distribution in Cas A. A magnetic ``switch'' mechanism may apply in instances of low density and large magnetic field with subsequent increase in the speed and collimation of the toroidal jet, depositing relatively little momentum. The result could be enough infall to form a black hole with a third, highly relativistic jet that could catch up to the protopulsar jet after it has emerged from the star. The interaction of these two jets could generate internal shocks and explain the presence of iron lines in the afterglow. Recent estimates that typical gamma-ray burst energy is about 3x10^50 erg imply either a very low efficiency for conversion of rotation into jets, or a rather rapid turnoff of the jet process even though the black hole still rotates rapidly. Magnetars and ``hypernovae'' might arise in an intermediate parameter regime of energetic jets that yield larger magnetic fields and provide more energy than the routine case, but that are not so tightly collimated that they yield failed supernova. (slightly abridged)

  1. Tribal and Military Leaders Come Together to Talk Renewable Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Tribal and Military Leaders Come Together to Talk Renewable Energy Tribal and Military Leaders Come Together to Talk Renewable Energy June 12, 2013 - 7:06pm Addthis The DOE Office...

  2. United States military posture for FY 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-01-01

    The primary purpose of this statement on the military posture of the United States is to supplement testimony by the Chairman and other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff at congressional hearings in support of the FY 1989 Defense Budget. Chapter I is an overview that describes the main challenges to US national security, outlines objectives and elements of US military strategy, and highlights continuing efforts to field the best possible armed forces for the protection of US national interests. Chapter II compares US defense requirements and resource commitment with those of the Soviet Union. Chapter III provides an overview of the global military environment by comparing US and allied forces with Soviet and Warsaw Pact forces. Chapter IV assesses the current and projected capability of the US Armed Forces to meet the Soviet nuclear threat. Chapter V assesses the current and projected capability of the US Armed Forces, in concert with friends and allies, to meet the Soviet conventional military threat. This chapter deals primarily with joint perspectives that have increased the capabilities and efficiency of our forces. Chapter VI addresses other topics of interest. Unless otherwise noted, data shown in this report have used operational as opposed to treaty inventories for strategic weapon systems, a fiscal year cutoff date of 30 September 1987, and mobilized forces. Additionally, data have been developed based on a global as opposed to regional war scenario.

  3. Nanowarriors: Military Nanotechnology and Comic Books

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanowarriors: Military Nanotechnology and Comic Books Colin Milburn U N I V E R S I T Y O F C A L I with nanotechnology. The Army Research Office had issued broad agency solicitations for such a center in October 2001 what became dubbed the MIT Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies (ISN). MIT's proposal out- lined

  4. Frameworks for Analyzing Chinese Defense and Military Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, Tai Ming; Mahnken, Thomas G; Ross, Andrew L

    2011-01-01

    in China. ” Figure 2. Military innovation matrix IncrementalDiscontinuous Sustaining innovation TechnologicalDoctrine/organization) Disruptive, revolutionary innovation

  5. Substructure of Boosted Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ehud Duchovni

    2013-05-21

    Jets with transverse energy of few TeV are becoming now common in LHC data. Most of these jets are produced by QCD processes and some from the collimated decay of highly boosted objects like W, Z, H0 and top-quark. The study of such QCD jets may shed light on QCD showering processes and the identification of the jets coming from decays may test the Standard Model under extreme conditions and may also provide the first hints for Physics Beyond the Standard Model. A short review of jet algorithms, Correction procedures for pile-up effects and commonly used substructure observables are described.

  6. Retrofiting survivability of military vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Canavan, Gregory H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    In Iraq the terrain was such that vehicles could be distributed horizontally, which reduced the effectiveness of mines. In the mountainous terrain of Pakistan and Afghanistan vehicles are forced to use the few, passable roads, which are dirt and easily seeded with plentiful, cheap, intelligent mines. It is desirable to reduce the losses to such mines, preferably by retrofit means that do not greatly increase weight or cost or reduce maneuverability. V-bottom vehicles - A known approach to reducing vulnerability is the Buffalo, a large vehicle developed by South Africa to address mine warfare. It has large tires, high axles, and a reinforced, v-shaped bottom that deflects the blast from explosions below. It is developed and tested in combat, but is expensive and has reduced off-road mobility. The domestic MRAP has similar cost and mobility issue. The addition of v-shaped blast deflectors to vehicles such as Humvees could act much as the deflector on a Buffalo, but a Humvee is closer to the ground, so the explosive's expansion would be reduced. The deflector would also reduce a Humvee's clearance for rough terrain, and a deflector of adequate thickness to address the blast by itself could further increase cost and reduce mobility. Reactive armor is developed and has proven effective against shaped and explosive charges from side or top attack. It detects their approach, detonates, and defeats them by interfering with jet formation. If the threat was a shaped charge from below, they would be a logical choice. But the bulk of the damage to Humvees appears to be from the blast from high explosive mines for which the colliding shock from reactive armor could increase that from the explosive. Porous materials such as sand can strongly attenuate the kinetic energy and pressure of a strong shock. Figure 1 shows the kinetic energy (KE), momentum (Mu), velocity (u), and mass (M) of a spherically expanding shock as functions of radius for a material with a porosity of 0.5. Over the range from 0.5 to 4.5 cm the shock KE is attenuated by a factor of {approx}70, while its momentum is changed little. The shock and particle velocity falls by a factor of 200 while the mass increases by a factor of 730. In the limit of very porous media u {approx} 1/M, so KE {approx} 1/M, which falls by a factor of {approx}600, while momentum Mu does not change at all. Figure 2 shows the KE, Mu, u, and M for a material with a porosity of 1.05, for which the KE changes little. In the limit of media of very low porosity, u {approx} 1/{radical}M, so KE is constant while Mu {approx} {radical}M, which increases by a factor of 15. Thus, if the goal is to reduce the peak pressure from strong explosions below, very porous materials, which strongly reduce pressure but do not increase momentum, are preferred to non-porous materials, which amplify momentum but do not decrease pressure. These predictions are in qualitative accord with the results of experiments at Los Alamos in which projectiles from high velocity, large caliber cannons were stopped by one to two sandbags. The studies were performed primarily to determine the effectiveness of sand in stopping fragments of various sizes, but could be extended to study sand's effectiveness in attenuating blast pressure. It would also be useful to test the above predictions on the effectiveness of media with higher porosity. Water barriers have been discussed but not deployed in previous retrofit survivability studies for overseas embassies. They would detect the flash from the mine detonation below, trigger a thin layer of explosive above a layer of water, and drive water droplets into the approaching blast wave. The blast loses energy in evaporating the droplets and loses momentum in slowing them. Under favorable conditions that could attenuate the pressure in the blast enough to prevent the penetration or disruption of the vehicle. However, such barriers would depend on prompt and reliable detonation detection and water droplet dispersal, which have not been tested. There is a large literature on the theoretical effec

  7. Jet spoiler arrangement for wind turbine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cyrus, J.D.; Kadlec, E.G.; Klimas, P.C.

    1983-09-15

    An air jet spoiler arrangement is provided for a Darrieus-type vertical axis wind-powered turbine. Air is drawn into hollow turbine blades through air inlets at the end thereof and is ejected in the form of air jets through small holes or openings provided along the lengths of the blades. The air jets create flow separation at the surfaces of the turbine blades, thereby including stall conditions and reducing the output power. A feedback control unit senses the power output of the turbine and controls the amount of air drawn into the air inlets accordingly.

  8. An overview of the sustainability of solid waste management at military installations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borglin, S.; Shore, J.; Worden, H.; Jain, R.

    2009-08-15

    Sustainable municipal solid waste management at military solutions necessitates a combined approach that includes waste reduction, alternative disposal techniques, and increased recycling. Military installations are unique because they often represent large employers in the region in which they are located, thereby making any practices they employ impact overall waste management strategies of the region. Solutions for waste sustainability will be dependent on operational directives and base location, availability of resources such as water and energy, and size of population. Presented in this paper are descriptions of available waste strategies that can be used to support sustainable waste management. Results presented indicate source reduction and recycling to be the most sustainable solutions. However, new waste-to-energy plants and composting have potential to improve on these well proven techniques and allow military installations to achieve sustainable waste management.

  9. HYPERSONIC BUCKSHOT: ASTROPHYSICAL JETS AS HETEROGENEOUS COLLIMATED PLASMOIDS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yirak, Kristopher; Frank, Adam; Cunningham, Andrew J.; Mitran, Sorin

    2009-04-20

    Herbig-Haro jets are commonly thought of as homogeneous beams of plasma traveling at hypersonic velocities. Structure within jet beams is often attributed to periodic or 'pulsed' variations of conditions at the jet source. Simulations based on this scenario result in knots extending across the jet diameter. Observations and recent high energy density laboratory experiments shed new light on structures below this scale and indicate they may be important for understanding the fundamentals of jet dynamics. In this paper, we offer an alternative to 'pulsed' models of protostellar jets. Using direct numerical simulations we explore the possibility that jets are chains of subradial clumps propagating through a moving interclump medium. Our models explore an idealization of this scenario by injecting small (r < r {sub jet}), dense ({rho}>{rho}{sub jet}) spheres embedded in an otherwise smooth interclump jet flow. The spheres are initialized with velocities differing from the jet velocity by {approx}15%. We find that the consequences of shifting from homogeneous to heterogeneous flows are significant as clumps interact with each other and with the interclump medium in a variety of ways. Structures which mimic what is expected from pulsed-jet models can form, as can be previously unseen, 'subradial' behaviors including backward facing bow shocks and off-axis working surfaces. While these small-scale structures have not been seen before in simulation studies, they are found in high-resolution jet observations. We discuss implications of our simulations for the interpretation of protostellar jets with regard to characterization of knots by a 'lifetime' or 'velocity history' approach as well as linking observed structures with central engines which produce the jets.

  10. Political Stability and Military Intervention in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedman, Casey; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

    2013-01-01

    Policy choices in the wake of recent mass protests in Egypt will determine the likelihood of civil war in the short run and the prospects for democracy in the long run. Economic conditions can be improved by international action to reduce grain-based biofuel production and finance employment generation. Creating the conditions for stable democracy requires accepting power-sharing mechanisms in which the military will have an important role.

  11. Jet studies with STAR at RHIC: jet algorithms, jet shapes, jets in AA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan Kapitan; for the STAR Collaboration

    2011-11-08

    Hard scattered partons are predicted to be well calibrated probes of the hot and dense medium produced in heavy ion collisions. Interactions of these partons with the medium w ill result in modifications of internal jet structure in Au+Au events compared to that observed in the p+p/d+Au reference. Full jet reconstruction is a promising tool to measu re these effects without the significant biases present in measurements with high-$\\pT$ hadrons. One of the most significant challenges for jet reconstruction in the heavy ion environment comes from the correct characterization of the background fluctuations. The jet mome ntum irresolution due to background fluctuations has to be understood in order to recover the correct jet spectrum. Recent progress in jet reconstruction methodology is discu ssed, as well as recent measurements from p+p, d+Au and Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_\\mathrm{NN}}=200 \\gev$.

  12. Reconstructed Jets at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sevil Salur

    2010-04-30

    To precisely measure jets over a large background such as pile up in high luminosity p+p collisions at LHC, a new generation of jet reconstruction algorithms is developed. These algorithms are also applicable to reconstruct jets in the heavy ion environment where large event multiplicities are produced. Energy loss in the medium created in heavy ion collisions are already observed indirectly via inclusive hadron distributions and di-hadron correlations. Jets can be used to study this energy loss in detail with reduced biases. We review the latest results on jet-medium interactions as seen in A+A collisions at RHIC, focusing on the recent progress on jet reconstruction in heavy ion collisions.

  13. Unproven screening devices threaten the lives of police and military.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murray, Dale W.

    2010-07-01

    In a world plagued with improvised explosive devices, drugs and dangerous people, the desire to field technology to protect our police and military is providing a fertile market for the proliferation of protection technologies that range from the unproven to the disproven. The market place is currently being flooded with detection equipment making inflated and inaccurate marketing claims of high reliably, high detection probabilities, and ease of operation - all while offering detection capabilities at safe distances. The manufacturers of these devices have found a willing global marketplace, which includes some of the most dangerous places in the world. Despite a wealth of contradictory performance and testing data available on the Internet, sales of these devices remain brisk and profitable. Rather than enhancing the security of police and military personnel, the reliance on these unproven and disproven devices is creating a sense of false security that is actually lowering the safety of front-line forces in places like Iraq and Afghanistan. This paper addresses the development and distribution history of some of these devices and describes the testing performed by Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, and other reputable testing agencies that illustrate the real danger in using this kind of unproven technology.

  14. QCD and Jet Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B R Webber

    1994-10-12

    The current status of the QCD coupling constant $\\alpha_S$ and experimental and theoretical studies of hadronic jets are reviewed.

  15. Jets in QCD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seymour, M.H.

    1996-02-01

    Many analyses at the collider utilize the hadronic jets that are the footprints of QCD partons. These are used both to study the QCD processes themselves and increasingly as tools to study other physics, for example top mass reconstruction. However, jets are not fundamental degrees of freedom in the theory, so we need an {ital operational} {ital jet} {ital definition} and {ital reliable} {ital methods} {ital to} {ital calculate} {ital their} {ital properties}. This talk covers both of these important areas of jet physics. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  16. Interpretation of extragalactic jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norman, M.L.

    1985-01-01

    The nature of extragalatic radio jets is modeled. The basic hypothesis of these models is that extragalatic jets are outflows of matter which can be described within the framework of fluid dynamics and that the outflows are essentially continuous. The discussion is limited to the interpretation of large-scale (i.e., kiloparsec-scale) jets. The central problem is to infer the physical parameters of the jets from observed distributions of total and polarized intensity and angle of polarization as a function of frequency. 60 refs., 6 figs.

  17. Taming jets in magnetised fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosuga, Yusuke; Brummell, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    Down right: Cancellation of stresses and quenching of Jets.to Reynolds stress driven jets, since both ?ux expulsion andTaming Jets in magnetized ?uids Y. Kosuga 1 and N. H.

  18. Heat transfer characteristics of circular impinging jet arrays in an annular section with cross flow effects 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mhetras, Shantanu Prakash

    2002-01-01

    Jet impingement has been shown to be an effective method for enhancing convective heat transfer. There are a variety of applications of impinging jets in industry, including tempering and shaping of glass, annealing of metal and plastic sheets...

  19. Hypersonic Buckshot: Astrophysical Jets as Heterogeneous Collimated Plasmoids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kristopher Yirak; Adam Frank; Andrew J. Cunningham; Sorin Mitran

    2008-06-05

    Herbig-Haro (HH) jets are commonly thought of as homogeneous beams of plasma traveling at hypersonic velocities. Structure within jet beams is often attributed to periodic or ``pulsed'' variations of conditions at the jet source. Simulations based on this scenario result in knots extending across the jet diameter. Observations and recent high energy density laboratory experiments shed new light on structures below this scale and indicate they may be important for understanding the fundamentals of jet dynamics. In this paper we offer an alternative to ``pulsed'' models of protostellar jets. Using direct numerical simulations we explore the possibility that jets are chains of sub-radial clumps propagating through a moving inter-clump medium. Our models explore an idealization of this scenario by injecting small ($rjet}$), dense ($\\rho>\\rho_{jet}$) spheres embedded in an otherwise smooth inter-clump jet flow. The spheres are initialized with velocities differing from the jet velocity by $\\sim15$%. We find the consequences of shifting from homogeneous to heterogeneous flows are significant as clumps interact with each other and with the inter-clump medium in a variety of ways. Structures which mimic what is expected from pulsed-jet models can form, as can previously unseen ``sub-radial'' behaviors including backward facing bow shocks and off-axis working surfaces. While these small-scale structures have not been seen before in simulation studies, they are found in high resolution jet observations. We discuss implications of our simulations for the interpretation of protostellar jets with regard to characterization of knots by a ``lifetime'' or ``velocity history'' approach as well as linking observed structures with central engines which produce the jets.

  20. QCD Jets and Parton Showers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan R. Webber

    2010-09-29

    I discuss the calculation of QCD jet rates in e+e- annihilation as a testing ground for parton shower simulations and jet finding algorithms.

  1. Structure and Mixing Characterization of Variable Density Transverse Jet Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gevorkyan, Levon

    2015-01-01

    4 Transverse Jet Mixing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Jet TrajectoryTransverse Jet Structure and

  2. Nonaxisymmetric Poynting Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuel E. Gralla; Ted Jacobson

    2015-07-29

    The relativistic plasma jets from a misaligned black hole-accretion disk system will not be axially symmetric. Here we analyze nonaxisymmetric, stationary, translation invariant jets in the force-free approximation where the field energy dominates the particle energy. We derive a stream equation for these configurations involving the flux function $\\psi$ for the transverse magnetic field, the linear velocity $v(\\psi)$ of field lines along the jet, and the longitudinal magnetic field $B_z(\\psi)$. The equations can be completely solved when $|v|=1$, and when $|v|jet that has vanishing electromagnetic pressure $\\tfrac{1}{2}(B^2-E^2)$ and requires no external pressure for confinement. We prove that such self-confinement is impossible when $B^2>E^2$. Finally, we write down specific solutions approximating numerical results for the nonaxisymmetric jet produced by a spinning black hole in an external, misaligned magnetic field.

  3. Collaborative Military Vehicle Design | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D BGene NetworkNuclearDNP 20082 P rMilitary Vehicle Design Click to

  4. Resources for Military Families and Students Military Family Resources: Links to each armed service's support site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkle, Tom

    http://www.commissaries.com/stores/html/store.cfm?dodaac=HQCSK5 #12;· Defense Department Family Web Reserve Affairs Family Readiness http://www.defenselink.mil/ra/html/familyreadiness.html Assistance for Mobilized Student Reservists http://www.defenselink.mil/ra/html/student.html Military Spouse Resources http

  5. X-rays from protostellar jets: emission from continuous flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Bonito; S. Orlando; G. Peres; F. Favata; R. Rosner

    2006-10-17

    Recently X-ray emission from protostellar jets has been detected with both XMM-Newton and Chandra satellites, but the physical mechanism which can give rise to this emission is still unclear. We performed an extensive exploration of a wide space of the main parameters influencing the jet/ambient interaction. Aims include: 1) to constrain the jet/ambient interaction regimes leading to the X-ray emission observed in Herbig-Haro objects in terms of the emission by a shock forming at the interaction front between a continuous supersonic jet and the surrounding medium; 2) to derive detailed predictions to be compared with optical and X-ray observations of protostellar jets; 3) to get insight into the protostellar jet's physical conditions. We performed a set of bidimensional hydrodynamic numerical simulations, in cylindrical coordinates, modeling supersonic jets ramming a uniform ambient medium. The model takes into account the most relevant physical effects, namely the thermal conduction and the radiative losses. Our model explains the observed X-ray emission from protostellar jets in a natural way. In particular we find that the case of a protostellar jet less dense than the ambient medium reproduces well the observations of the nearest Herbig-Haro object, HH154, and allows us to make detailed predictions of a possible X-ray source proper motion (vsh = 500 km/s), detectable with Chandra. Furthermore our results suggest that the simulated protostellar jets which best reproduce the X-rays observations cannot drive molecular outflows.

  6. Defining Behavior Of Computational Agents Based On Military Doctrine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    involving several logistical, personnel, materials, supplies, etc. Combat simulations have an important role, ammunition, maintenance, etc. A military training can carried out in various hierarchical lev- els, since

  7. SMART BRIDGE: A Tool for Estimating the Military Load

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    information is described in the next section. Finally, the last section summarizes the SMART BRIDGE efforts. BIUDGE AND VEHICLE CLASSIFICATION The U . S . military uses the...

  8. Updated May 2012 MILITARY ACCESSIONS VITAL TO NATIONAL INTEREST (MAVNI)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Updated May 2012 MILITARY ACCESSIONS VITAL TO NATIONAL INTEREST (MAVNI) RECRUITMENT PILOT are considered to be vital to the national interest. Those holding critical skills ­ physicians, nurses

  9. Particle Physics Phenomenology 8. QCD jets and jet algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sjöstrand, Torbjörn

    Particle Physics Phenomenology 8. QCD jets and jet algorithms Torbj¨orn Sj¨ostrand Department k. All rotationally symmetric. SppS (CERN): need to separate beam jets from highp ones. First solution: cone jets in (, ) space, e.g. UA1. (Second solution: clustering like Durham

  10. SIMULATING PROTOSTELLAR JETS SIMULTANEOUSLY AT LAUNCHING AND OBSERVATIONAL SCALES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramsey, Jon P.; Clarke, David A. [Institute for Computational Astrophysics, Department of Astronomy and Physics, Saint Mary's University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 3C3 (Canada)

    2011-02-10

    We present the first 2.5-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations of protostellar jets that include both the region in which the jet is launched magnetocentrifugally at scale lengths <0.1 AU and where the propagating jet is observed at scale lengths >10{sup 3} AU. These simulations, performed with the new adaptive mesh refinement MHD code AZEuS, reveal interesting relationships between conditions at the disk surface, such as the magnetic field strength, and direct observables such as proper motion, jet rotation, jet radius, and mass flux. By comparing these quantities with observed values, we present direct numerical evidence that the magnetocentrifugal launching mechanism is capable, by itself, of launching realistic protostellar jets.

  11. Cascade impactor and jet plate for same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dahlin, Robert S.; Farthing, William E.; Landham Jr., Edward C.

    2004-02-03

    A sampling system and method for sampling particulate matter from a high-temperature, high-pressure gas stream. A cyclone sampler for use at high temperatures and pressures, and having threadless sacrificial connectors is disclosed. Also disclosed is an improved cascade impactor including jet plates with integral spacers, and alignment features provided for aligning the jet plates with their associated collection substrates. An activated bauxite alkali collector is disclosed, and includes an alumina liner. The sampling system can be operated remotely or locally, and can be permanently installed or configured as a portable system.

  12. Russian military in the year 2000. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McIlmail, J.F.; Jaworski, J.L.

    1992-12-01

    Through the use of content analysis, this paper attempts to paint a picture of the Russian military in the year 2000 and its impact on the US national security strategy. The research begins by defining the origin of Russian national security policy and how that translates into military policy and doctrine. A framework for evaluating Russian military doctrines is provided with a chronology of the military reform process and the related doctrinal reforms that has its birth in the 1987 announcement of a defensive-defense. Following from the doctrinal variant framework the new strategic missions of the 1992 draft military doctrine are presented with an analysis that shows they are a clear departure from the past and truly represent a defensive-defense type doctrine. Additionally, a comparison is made with the current military reform ongoing in Russia with the historical precedent of the Russian military reform of 1924-25. A rough outline of the separate branches of the Russian military both present and future is provided based on the ongoing trends in the reform process. This thumbnail sketch of the Russian military then assists in the analysis and conclusion that even after a possible 50% cutback in US military spending, in the year 2000 the Russian military will not pose a threat to US national security. The major caveat to this conclusion is in the realm of nuclear weapons and this issue is therefore discussed in some length....Former Soviet Union, Russia, Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), Conventional Forces in Europe treaty (CFE), European Security, New National Security Strategy, Nuclear Weapons, Nuclear Strategy.

  13. Angular Scaling In Jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jankowiak, Martin; Larkoski, Andrew J.; /SLAC

    2012-02-17

    We introduce a jet shape observable defined for an ensemble of jets in terms of two-particle angular correlations and a resolution parameter R. This quantity is infrared and collinear safe and can be interpreted as a scaling exponent for the angular distribution of mass inside the jet. For small R it is close to the value 2 as a consequence of the approximately scale invariant QCD dynamics. For large R it is sensitive to non-perturbative effects. We describe the use of this correlation function for tests of QCD, for studying underlying event and pile-up effects, and for tuning Monte Carlo event generators.

  14. Emissions characteristics of Military Helicopter Engines Fueled with JP-8 and a Fischer-Tropsch Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corporan, E.; DeWitt, M.; Klingshirn, Christopher D; Striebich, Richard; Cheng, Mengdawn

    2010-01-01

    The rapid growth in aviation activities and more stringent U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulations have increased concerns regarding aircraft emissions, due to their harmful health and environmental impacts, especially in the vicinity of airports and military bases. In this study, the gaseous and particulate-matter emissions of two General Electric T701C engines and one T700 engine were evaluated. The T700 series engines power the U.S. Army's Black Hawk and Apache helicopters. The engines were fueled with standard military JP-8 fuel and were tested at three power settings. In addition, one of the T701C engines was operated on a natural-gas-derived Fischer-Tropsch synthetic paraffinic kerosene jet fuel. Test results show that the T701C engine emits significantly lower particulate-matter emissions than the T700 for all conditions tested. Particulate-matter mass emission indices ranged from 0.2-1.4 g/kg fuel for the T700 and 0.2-0.6 g/kg fuel for the T701C. Slightly higher NOx and lower CO emissions were observed for the T701C compared with the T700. Operation of the T701C with the Fischer-Tropsch fuel rendered dramatic reductions in soot emissions relative to operation on JP-8, due primarily to the lack of aromatic compounds in the alternative fuel. The Fischer-Tropsch fuel also produced smaller particles and slight reductions in CO emissions.

  15. NEW HAMPSHIRE 4-H MILITARY PARTNERSHIP The Military 4-H Club Program is a component of the UNH Cooperative Extension 4-H Youth and Family Program.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    NEW HAMPSHIRE 4-H MILITARY PARTNERSHIP The Military 4-H Club Program is a component of the UNH-H member shows off her project with a smile! #12;NEW HAMPSHIRE MILITARY 4-H PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM · 4,139 New Hampshire youth age 18 and under living in military families, with 2,577 ages 6 through 18 · 221

  16. WILDLAND FIRE SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    products and services to assist military land managers and range operations personnel in protecting against is already in place. Fire Management Planning CEMML provides high quality fire management planning adviceWILDLAND FIRE SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS CEMML | 1490 Campus

  17. Intraseasonal variability in the summer South China Sea: Wind jet, cold filament, and recirculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Shang-Ping

    Intraseasonal variability in the summer South China Sea: Wind jet, cold filament of ocean-atmospheric response, including a wind jet and cold filament in the South China Sea (SCS). We variability in summer. Our analysis shows that the development of the wind jet and cold filament

  18. Recent results on vector boson production in association with jets with the CMS detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    Recent results on vector boson production in association with jets with the CMS detector Tom, Groenenborgerlaan 171, 2020 Antwerp, Belgium The production of weak vector bosons in association with jets- ciation with 2 jets at s = 8 TeV, including a new data-driven approach and studies on the hadronic

  19. Nonaxisymmetric Poynting Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gralla, Samuel E

    2015-01-01

    The relativistic plasma jets from a misaligned black hole-accretion disk system will not be axially symmetric. Here we analyze nonaxisymmetric, stationary, translation invariant jets in the force-free approximation where the field energy dominates the particle energy. We derive a stream equation for these configurations involving the flux function $\\psi$ for the transverse magnetic field, the linear velocity $v(\\psi)$ of field lines along the jet, and the longitudinal magnetic field $B_z(\\psi)$. The equations can be completely solved when $|v|=1$, and when $|v|E^2$. Finally, we write down specific solutions approximating numerical results for the nonaxisymmetric jet produced by a spinning black hole in an external, misaligned magnetic field.

  20. Detecting Inaccurate Response Patterns in Korean Military Personality Inventory: An Application of Item Response Theory 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Seunghwa

    2013-07-27

    inaccurate responses results in the selection of inappropriate personnel or allows enlistment dodgers to avoid their military duty. This study conducted IRT-based person-fit analysis with the dichotomous military dataset in the Korean Military Personality...

  1. The Iranian Legacy in the 2011 Egyptian Revolution: Military Endurance and US Foreign Policy Priorities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alimagham, Pouya

    2013-01-01

    Egyptian military to power in Egypt and its proximity to thematter of the military’s power in Egypt highlights the corereal center of power in Egypt. ” Every Egyptian president

  2. Asymmetry of will : the effect of religious radicalism on state military doctrine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Patrick (Patrick Joseph)

    2012-01-01

    How is a state's military doctrine affected by the presence of radical religious ideology in its military? Using analysis of satellite imagery, recent military exercises, and a series of source interviews, I examine the ...

  3. A critical appraisal of Byzantine military strategy, 400 - 1000 A.D. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bacon, Peter Kirk

    1998-01-01

    Byzantine military strategy has been a neglected subject within the discipline of military history. For many years, examination of the military writings and the abilities of Byzantine commanders has been hampered by the ...

  4. Jets with Reversing Buoyancy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pandya, R V R

    2015-01-01

    A jet of heavy fluid is injected upwards, at time $t=0$, into a lighter fluid and reaches a maximum height at time $t=t_i$ and then flows back around the upward flow. A similar flow situation occurs for a light fluid injected downward into a heavy one. In this paper an exact analytical expression for $t_i$ is derived. The expression remains valid for laminar and turbulent buoyant jets with or without swirl.

  5. Military implications of global warming. Strategy research project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, P.E.

    1999-05-20

    The 1998 National Security Strategy repeatedly cites global environmental issues as key to the long-term security of the United States. Similarly, US environmental issues also have important global implications. This paper analyzes current US Policy as it pertains to global warming and climate change. It discusses related economic factors and environmental concerns. It assesses current White House policy as it relates to the US military. It reviews the Department of Defense strategy for energy conservation and reduction of greenhouse gases. Finally, it offers recommendations and options for military involvement to reduce global warming. Global warming and other environmental issues are important to the US military. As the United States leadership in environmental matters encourages global stability, the US military will be able to focus more on readiness and on military training and operations.

  6. Interaction of Jets with the ISM of Radio Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. S. Sutherland; G. V. Bicknell

    2007-07-25

    We present three dimensional simulations of the interaction of a light hypersonic jet with an inhomogeneous thermal and turbulently supported disk in an elliptical galaxy, including Radio and multi-band X-ray visualisations. These simulations are applicable to the GPS/CSS phase of some extragalactic radio sources. We identify four generic phases in the evolution of such a jet with the interstellar medium. The first is a `flood and channel'' phase, dominated by complex jet interactions with the dense cloudy medium close to the nucleus. A spherical, energy driven, bubble phase follows, where the bubble is larger than the disk scale, but the jet remains fully disrupted close to the nucleus. Then in a rapid, jet break--out phase, the jet breaks free of the last obstructing dense clouds, becomes collimated and pierces the more or less spherical bubble. In the final classical phase, the jet propagates in a momentum-dominated fashion similar to jets in single component hot haloes, leading to the classical jet -- cocoon -- bow-shock structure.

  7. Gravitational Wave Memory from Gamma Ray Bursts' Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ofek Birnholtz; Tsvi Piran

    2013-06-18

    While the possible roles of GRBs' progenitors as Gravitational Waves (GW) sources have been extensively studied, little attention has been given to the jet itself as a GW source. We expect the jet's acceleration to produce a GW Memory signal. While all relativistic jet models display anti-beaming of GW radiation away from the jet axis, thus radiating away from directions of GRBs' gamma radiation, this effect is not overwhelming. The decrease of the signal amplitude towards the cone of gamma-ray detectability is weak, and for some models and parameters the GW signal reaches a significant amplitude for much of the gamma-ray cone. Thus both signals may be jointly detected. We find different waveforms and fourier signatures for uniform jets and structured jet models - thus offering a method of using GW signatures to probe the internal structure and acceleration of GRB jets. The GW signal peaks just outside the jet (core) of a uniform (structuted) jet. Within the jet (core) the GW signal displays wiggles, due to a polarization effect; thus for a uniform jet, the peak amplitude accompanies a smoother signal than the peak of a structured jet. For the most probable detection angle and for typical GRB parameters, we expect frequencies < ~600Hz and amplitudes h~10^-25. Our estimates of the expected signals suggest that the signals are not strong enough for a single cluster of DECIGO nor for aLIGO's sensitivities. However, sensitivies of ~10^-25/sqrt(Hz) in the DECIGO band should suffice to detect typical long GRBs at 2Gpc and short GRBs at 200Mpc, implying a monthly event of a long GRB and a detection of a short GRB every decade. In addition, we expect much more frequent detection of GW from GRBs directed away from us, including orphan afterglows. The ultimate DECIGO sensitivy should increase the range and enable detecting these signals in all models even to high cosmological z.

  8. Understanding the EPA guidance on major source determinations for military installations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ling, A.D. [Dept. of the Navy, Washington, DC (United States)

    1997-12-31

    In August 1996, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued the first ever Clean Air Act (CAA) guidance directed specifically at military facilities. The Guidance, titled Major Source Determinations for Military Installations under the Air Toxics, New Source Review and Title V Operating Permit Programs of the Clean Air Act, was negotiated by an EPA/DoD workgroup that included field and headquarters EPA and DoD representatives, and was led by the Navy. This paper describes the development and contents of the guidance and the significant legal and policy issues raised. By statute and rule, all sources under common control on contiguous or adjacent property and belonging to the same two digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Code must be aggregated when determining if the source is a major source. DoD requested that EPA develop the guidance because of a move by EPA to impose a fenceline-to-fenceline interpretation of what constitutes a major source for purposes of the three programs identified above. Such an interpretation could and did result in more stringent regulation of industrial sources on military installations than of similar industrial plants. The guidance establishes EPA`s allowable interpretation of two of the three key elements of the major source definition. First, the guidance specifies that common control occurs at the military service level; therefore, sources belonging to the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, the National Guard or a Defense Agency that are located on the same installation could each be treated separately. Second, the guidance allows the military to assign SIC codes to functional industrial groupings in a manner similar to the private sector. Past practice grouped all national defense activities under the same SIC code.

  9. Outlook of the Officers: Military Thought in Chile, 1960-1990

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bawden, John Richard

    2009-01-01

    national ideology. ECONOMIC OUTLOOK ‘Whether you like it orOF CALIFORNIA RIVERSIDE Outlook of the Officers: MilitaryOF THE DISSERTATION Outlook of the Officers: Military

  10. The military lens : doctrinal differences, misperception, and deterrence failure in Sino-American relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Twomey, Christopher P

    2005-01-01

    Nations, because of their different strategic situations, histories, and military cultures can have dramatically different beliefs about the nature of effective military doctrine, strategy, and capabilities. This dissertation ...

  11. Screening of Hydrocarbon Sources in JET

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.D. Strachan; W. Fundamenski; M. Charlet; K. Erents; J. Gafert; C. Giroud; M. von Hellermann; G. Matthews; G. McCracken; V. Philipps; J. Spence; M.F. Stamp; K-D. Zastrow; and EFDA-JET Work Programme Collaborators

    2001-06-15

    Carbon is the principal impurity in the Joint European Torus (JET). Methane screening experiments quantify the ability of the scrape-off layer (SOL)/divertor system to ionize carbon and transport it to the divertor, preventing core plasma contamination. Previous JET publications studied edge-localized-mode-averaged high-confinement mode screening, and separately, evaluated the methodology of low-confinement mode (L-mode) screening measurements. This paper extends the L-mode measurements to include relevant plasma parameter scans and DIVIMP modeling of the L-mode screening.

  12. Batteries and fuel cell research Sri Narayan worked for 20 years at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) where he led the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Anthony F. J.

    Batteries and fuel cell research Sri Narayan worked for 20 years at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) where he led the fuel cell research activities for over 15 years and also headed the development of direct methanol fuel cell power sources for military and commercial applications, developed new

  13. The first calculation of fractional jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertolini, Daniele

    In collider physics, jet algorithms are a ubiquitous tool for clustering particles into discrete jet objects. Event shapes offer an alternative way to characterize jets, and one can define a jet multiplicity event shape, ...

  14. Three-Dimensional Simulations of Bi-Directed Magnetohydrodynamic Jets Interacting with Cluster Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neill, S M

    2010-01-01

    We report on a series of three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations of active galactic nucleus (AGN) jet propagation in realistic models of magnetized galaxy clusters. We are primarily interested in the details of energy transfer between jets and the intracluster medium (ICM) to help clarify what role such flows could have in the reheating of cluster cores. Our simulated jets feature a range of intermittency behaviors, including intermittent jets that periodically switch on and off and one model jet that shuts down completely, naturally creating a relic plume. The ICM into which these jets propagate incorporates tangled magnetic field geometries and density substructure designed to mimic some likely features of real galaxy clusters. We find that our jets are characteristically at least 60% efficient at transferring thermal energy to the ICM. Irreversible heat energy is not uniformly distributed, however, instead residing preferentially in regions very near the jet/cocoon boundaries. While intermittency...

  15. Jet propulsion without inertia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saverio E. Spagnolie; Eric Lauga

    2010-05-04

    A body immersed in a highly viscous fluid can locomote by drawing in and expelling fluid through pores at its surface. We consider this mechanism of jet propulsion without inertia in the case of spheroidal bodies, and derive both the swimming velocity and the hydrodynamic efficiency. Elementary examples are presented, and exact axisymmetric solutions for spherical, prolate spheroidal, and oblate spheroidal body shapes are provided. In each case, entirely and partially porous (i.e. jetting) surfaces are considered, and the optimal jetting flow profiles at the surface for maximizing the hydrodynamic efficiency are determined computationally. The maximal efficiency which may be achieved by a sphere using such jet propulsion is 12.5%, a significant improvement upon traditional flagella-based means of locomotion at zero Reynolds number. Unlike other swimming mechanisms which rely on the presentation of a small cross section in the direction of motion, the efficiency of a jetting body at low Reynolds number increases as the body becomes more oblate, and limits to approximately 162% in the case of a flat plate swimming along its axis of symmetry. Our results are discussed in the light of slime extrusion mechanisms occurring in many cyanobacteria.

  16. Eddy-mean flow interactions in western boundary current jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterman, Stephanie N

    2009-01-01

    This thesis examines the nature of eddy-mean flow interactions in western boundary current jets and recirculation gyre dynamics from both theoretical and observational perspectives. It includes theoretical studies of ...

  17. Gudrun's (NLO) list pp->WW jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huston, Joey

    Gudrun's (NLO) list 2->3 pp->WW jet pp->VVV pp->H + 2 jets 2->4 pp->4 jets pp->tT + 2jets p->tT bB pp->V+ 3 jets pp->VV + 2 jets pp->VVV + jet pp->WW bB From technology point-of-view start with massless cases such as + 2 jets then add progressively more difficult calculations (additional scales

  18. Jets in Particle Colliders Andrew Wong!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budker, Dmitry

    Jets in Particle Colliders Andrew Wong! #12;Topics · What are jets? · How are they produced? · What do we use to study jets? #12;What are jets? · Bunch of different jets #12;Pretty picture! #12;What's in a jet? · Hadrons ­ Kaons, Pions, Protons, Neutrons · Leptons ­ Mainly electrons and muons · These have

  19. The Jet Energy Profile: A BSM Analysis Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chivukula, R Sekhar; Vignaroli, Natascia

    2015-01-01

    A new heavy di-jet resonance could be discovered at the 14 TeV LHC. In this talk we present a strategy to reveal the nature of such a particle; in particular to discern whether it is a quark-antiquark (q qbar), quark-gluon (qg), or gluon-gluon (gg) resonance. The strategy is based on the study of the energy profiles of the two leading jets in the di-jet channel. Including statistical uncertainties in the signal and the QCD backgrounds, we show that one can distinguish between gg, qg, and q bar resonances; an evaluation of systematic uncertainties in the measurement of the jet energy profile will require a detailed detector study once sufficient 14 TeV di-jet data is in hand.

  20. The Jet Energy Profile: A BSM Analysis Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Sekhar Chivukula; Elizabeth H. Simmons; Natascia Vignaroli

    2015-07-23

    A new heavy di-jet resonance could be discovered at the 14 TeV LHC. In this talk we present a strategy to reveal the nature of such a particle; in particular to discern whether it is a quark-antiquark (q qbar), quark-gluon (qg), or gluon-gluon (gg) resonance. The strategy is based on the study of the energy profiles of the two leading jets in the di-jet channel. Including statistical uncertainties in the signal and the QCD backgrounds, we show that one can distinguish between gg, qg, and q bar resonances; an evaluation of systematic uncertainties in the measurement of the jet energy profile will require a detailed detector study once sufficient 14 TeV di-jet data is in hand.

  1. The roles of jets: CF, CCSN, PN, CEE, GEE, ILOT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soker, Noam

    2015-01-01

    I review the roles of jet-inflated bubbles in determining the evolution of different astrophysical objects. I discuss astrophysical systems where jets are known to inflate bubbles (cooling flow [CF] clusters; young galaxies; intermediate luminosity optical transients [ILOTs]; bipolar planetary nebulae [PNe]), and systems that are speculated to have jet-inflated bubbles (core collapse supernovae [CCSNe]; common envelope evolution [CEE]; grazing envelope evolution [GEE]). The jets in many of these cases act through a negative jet feedback mechanism (JFM). I discuss the outcomes when the JFM fizzle, or does not work at all. According to this perspective, some very interesting and energetic events owe their existence to the failure of the JFM, including stellar black holes, gamma ray bursts, and type Ia supernovae.

  2. Military housing privatization & the promise of design innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Jason (Jason Robert)

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to answer the question, "Has the military housing privatization process produced design innovation?" Secondary questions are, "What specific role has the Army's Residential Communities ...

  3. UNIT TYPE MILITARY PROVIDES IIT PROVIDES (Navy/Marines)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    UNIT TYPE MILITARY PROVIDES IIT PROVIDES Naval (Navy/Marines) 4 year­Type 1 Full tuition and fees. Room and board* for all 4 years. Navy (Must be currently enlisted personnel) STA-21 Seaman to Admiral

  4. Ukraine's Military Role in the Black Sea Region 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffman, Amy Beth; Crump, James Andrew; Dickson, Robbi K.; Mueller, Meaghan; Pulis, Sarah L.

    2010-01-01

    Only Ukraine's civilian and military leadership can determine the best course of action Ukraine should undertake to secure the Black Sea region (BSR). By analyzing Ukraine's precarious security environment and assessing the current security...

  5. 17.952 Great Power Military Intervention, Spring 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Posen, Barry

    The purpose of this seminar is to examine systematically, and comparatively, great and middle power military interventions into civil wars during the 1990's. These civil wars were high on the policy agenda of western states ...

  6. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS CEMML | 1490@cemml.colostate.edu | http://www.cemml.colostate.edu A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a necessary tool for effective

  7. Shooting up : the impact of illicit economics on military conflict

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felbab-Brown, Vanda

    2007-01-01

    The study explores the nexus between illicit economies and military conflicts. It investigates when and how access by belligerents to the production and trafficking of illicit substances affects the strength of belligerents ...

  8. Needs of Military Families: Family and Educator Perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Classen, Audra I.

    2014-08-31

    strengths and generates unique ideas for overcoming obstacles. This study suggests partnerships between the school leadership and military command could assist families with the challenges of relocation and deployment when they also have children...

  9. Report: U.S. Military Accelerates Deployment of Clean Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    energy research partner for this report, 384 megawatts of installed renewable energy capacity are intalled on military facilities in mid-2013. By the end of 2018, it is estimated...

  10. Establishing a virtual manufacturing environment for military robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andersen, Ryan J. (Ryan John)

    2007-01-01

    Recent advances in the robotics industry have given the military an opportunity to capitalize on industry's innovation. Not only has core robotics technology improved but robotics manufacturing technology has also made ...

  11. Development Methodology for Power-Dense Military Diesel Engine

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Laboratory data and modeling results are presented on a military auxiliary power unit engine that has a peak efficiency of 35.3% at an output shaft power of 25 kW.

  12. First War Syndrome : military culture, professionalization, and counterinsurgency doctrine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Austin G

    2010-01-01

    Counterinsurgency was a persistent and important challenge to military organizations in the second half of the 20th century and seems likely to continue to pose a challenge in the 21st century. This makes understanding how ...

  13. Poliheuristic Theory and Alliance Dependence: Understanding Military Coalitions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Joon Guan

    2012-07-16

    This dissertation examines an increasingly common phenomenon in the post-Cold War context, the military coalition. At the heart of the dissertation is thus the question: what explains political leaders’ participation and ...

  14. Stellar signatures of AGN-jet-triggered star formation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dugan, Zachary; Silk, Joseph; Bryan, Sarah; Gaibler, Volker; Haas, Marcel

    2014-12-01

    To investigate feedback between relativistic jets emanating from active galactic nuclei and the stellar population of the host galaxy, we analyze the long-term evolution of the orbits of the stars formed in the galaxy-scale simulations by Gaibler et al. of jets in massive, gas-rich galaxies at z ? 2-3. We find strong, jet-induced differences in the resulting stellar populations of galaxies that host relativistic jets and galaxies that do not, including correlations in stellar locations, velocities, and ages. Jets are found to generate distributions of increased radial and vertical velocities that persist long enough to effectively augment the stellar structure of the host. The jets cause the formation of bow shocks that move out through the disk, generating rings of star formation within the disk. The bow shock often accelerates pockets of gas in which stars form, yielding populations of stars with significant radial and vertical velocities, some of which have large enough velocities to escape the galaxy. These stellar population signatures can serve to identify past jet activity as well as jet-induced star formation.

  15. The occurrence of military coups in Latin America: some speculations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cediel, Maria Cecilia Canals de

    1981-01-01

    THE OCCURRENCE OF MILITARY COUPS IN LATIN AMERICA: SOME SPECULATIONS A Thesis by MARIA CECILIA CANALS DE CEDIEL Submitted to the Graduate Colleqe of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF ARTS Mav 1981 Major Subiect: Political Science THE OCCURRENCE OF MILITARY COUPS IN LATIN AMERICA: SOME SPECULATIONS A Thesis by MARIA CECILIA CANALS DE CEDIEL Approved as to sty1e and content by: (Chairman of Committee) / (Member) (Member...

  16. Organization charts of the Haitian judiciary and military

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1995-01-01

    Occasional Paper N° 9 Organization Charts of the Haitian Judiciary and Military Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas Occasional Paper N° 9 Bryant C. Freeman, Ph.D. General Editor Organization Charts of the Haitian Judiciary... Tel.: (913) 864-4431 Occasional Paper N° 9 May 1995 ORGANIZATION CHARTS OF THE HAITIAN JUDICIARY AND MILITARY This is the ninth in a series of documents concerning Haiti to be made more readily available through the University of Kansas Institute...

  17. Effects of military-authorized activities on the San Joaquin kit fox (Vulpes velox macrotis) at Camp Roberts Army National Guard Training Site, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berry, W.H.; Standley, W.G.; O`Farrell, T.P.; Kato, T.T.

    1992-10-01

    The effects of military-authorized activities on San Joaquin kit fox (Vulpes velox macrotis) were investigated at Camp Roberts Army National Guard Training Site from 1988 to 1991. Military-authorized activities included military training exercises, facilities maintenance, new construction, controlled burning, livestock grazing, and public-access hunting. Positive effects of the military included habitat preservation, preactivity surveys, and natural resources management practices designed to conserve kit foxes and their habitat. Perceived negative effects such as entrapment in dens, shootings during military exercises, and accidental poisoning were not observed. Foxes were observed in areas being used simultaneously by military units. Authorized activities were known to have caused the deaths of three of 52 radiocollared foxes recovered dead: one became entangled in concertina wire, one was believed shot by a hunter, and one was struck by a vehicle. Entanglement in communication wire may have contributed to the death of another radiocollared fox that was killed by a predator. Approximately 10% of kit fox dens encountered showed evidence of vehicle traffic, but denning sites did not appear to be a limiting factor for kit foxes.

  18. Instabilities of rotating jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zahniser, Russell, 1982-

    2004-01-01

    When a jet of water is in free fall, it rapidly breaks up into drops, since a cylinder of water is unstable. This and other problems involving the form of a volume of water bound by surface tension have yielded a wealth ...

  19. Vortex diode jet

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Houck, Edward D. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1994-01-01

    A fluid transfer system that combines a vortex diode with a jet ejector to transfer liquid from one tank to a second tank by a gas pressurization method having no moving mechanical parts in the fluid system. The vortex diode is a device that has a high resistance to flow in one direction and a low resistance to flow in the other.

  20. Interacting Jets from Binary Protostars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. C. Murphy; T. Lery; S. O'Sullivan; D. Spicer; F. Bacciotti; A. Rosen

    2007-11-20

    We investigate potential models that could explain why multiple proto-stellar systems predominantly show single jets. During their formation, stars most frequently produce energetic outflows and jets. However, binary jets have only been observed in a very small number of systems. We model numerically 3D binary jets for various outflow parameters. We also model the propagation of jets from a specific source, namely L1551 IRS 5, known to have two jets, using recent observations as constraints for simulations with a new MHD code. We examine their morphology and dynamics, and produce synthetic emission maps. We find that the two jets interfere up to the stage where one of them is almost destroyed or engulfed into the second one. We are able to reproduce some of the observational features of L1551 such as the bending of the secondary jet. While the effects of orbital motion are negligible over the jets dynamical timeline, their interaction has significant impact on their morphology. If the jets are not strictly parallel, as in most observed cases, we show that the magnetic field can help the collimation and refocusing of both of the two jets.

  1. Flow cytometer jet monitor system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Van den Engh, Ger (Seattle, WA)

    1997-01-01

    A direct jet monitor illuminates the jet of a flow cytometer in a monitor wavelength band which is substantially separate from the substance wavelength band. When a laser is used to cause fluorescence of the substance, it may be appropriate to use an infrared source to illuminate the jet and thus optically monitor the conditions within the jet through a CCD camera or the like. This optical monitoring may be provided to some type of controller or feedback system which automatically changes either the horizontal location of the jet, the point at which droplet separation occurs, or some other condition within the jet in order to maintain optimum conditions. The direct jet monitor may be operated simultaneously with the substance property sensing and analysis system so that continuous monitoring may be achieved without interfering with the substance data gathering and may be configured so as to allow the front of the analysis or free fall area to be unobstructed during processing.

  2. Run II Jet Physics Proceedings of the Run II QCD and Weak Boson Physics Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blazey, G C; Ellis, S D; Elvira, V D; Frame, K C; Grinstein, S; Hirosky, R; Piegaia, R; Schellman, H; Snihur, R; Sorin, V; Zeppenfeld, Dieter; Blazey, Gerald C.; Dittmann, Jay R.; Ellis, Stephen D.; Hirosky, Robert; Zeppenfeld, Dieter

    2000-01-01

    The Run II jet physics group includes the Jet Algorithms, Jet Shape/Energy Flow, and Jet Measurements/Correlations subgroups. The main goal of the jet algorithm subgroup was to explore and define standard Run II jet finding procedures for CDF and DO. The focus of the jet shape/energy flow group was the study of jets as objects and the energy flows around these objects. The jet measurements/correlations subgroup discussed measurements at different beam energies; strong coupling constant measurements; and LO, NLO, NNLO, and threshold jet calculations. As a practical matter the algorithm and shape/energy flow groups merged to concentrate on the development of Run II jet algorithms that are both free of theoretical and experimental difficulties and able to reproduce Run I measurements. Starting from a review of the experience gained during Run I, the group considered a variety of cone algorithms and KT algorithms. The current understanding of both types of algorithms, including calibration issues, are discussed i...

  3. Probing New Physics with Jets at the LHC

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Harris, Robert

    2009-09-01

    The Large Hadron Collider at CERN has the potential to make a major discovery as early as 2008 from simple measurements of events with two high energy jets. This talk will present the jet trigger and analysis plans of the CMS collaboration, which were produced at the LHC Physics Center at Fermilab. Plans to search the two jet channel for generic signals of new particles and forces will be discussed. I will present the anticipated sensitivity of the CMS experiment to a variety of models of new physics, including quark compositeness, technicolor, superstrings, extra dimensions and grand unification.

  4. Modeling Jets in the Corona and Solar Wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torok, T; Titov, V S; Leake, J E; Mikic, Z; Linker, J A; Linton, M G

    2015-01-01

    Coronal jets are transient, collimated eruptions that occur in regions of predominantly open magnetic field in the solar corona. Our understanding of these events has greatly evolved in recent years but several open questions, such as the contribution of coronal jets to the solar wind, remain. Here we present an overview of the observations and numerical modeling of coronal jets, followed by a brief description of "next-generation" simulations that include an advanced description of the energy transfer in the corona ("thermodynamic MHD"), large spherical computational domains, and the solar wind. These new models will allow us to address some of the open questions.

  5. BIPOLAR JETS LAUNCHED FROM ACCRETION DISKS. II. THE FORMATION OF ASYMMETRIC JETS AND COUNTER JETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fendt, Christian; Sheikhnezami, Somayeh E-mail: nezami@mpia.de

    2013-09-01

    We investigate the jet launching from accretion disks, in particular the formation of intrinsically asymmetric jet/counter jet systems. We perform axisymmetric MHD simulations of the disk-jet structure on a bipolar computational domain covering both hemispheres. We apply various models such as asymmetric disks with (initially) different scale heights in each hemisphere, symmetric disks into which a local disturbance is injected, and jets launched into an asymmetric disk corona. We consider both a standard global magnetic diffusivity distribution and a novel local diffusivity model. Typical disk evolution first shows substantial disk warping and then results in asymmetric outflows with a 10%-30% mass flux difference. We find that the magnetic diffusivity profile is essential for establishing a long-term outflow asymmetry. We conclude that bipolar asymmetry in protostellar and extragalactic jets can indeed be generated intrinsically and maintained over a long time by disk asymmetries and the standard jet launching mechanism.

  6. Jet pumps for thermoacoustic applications: design guidelines based on a numerical parameter study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oosterhuis, Joris P; Wilcox, Douglas; van der Meer, Theo H

    2015-01-01

    The oscillatory flow through tapered cylindrical tube sections (jet pumps) is characterized by a numerical parameter study. The shape of a jet pump results in asymmetric hydrodynamic end effects which cause a time-averaged pressure drop to occur under oscillatory flow conditions. Hence, jet pumps are used as streaming suppressors in closed-loop thermoacoustic devices. A two-dimensional axisymmetric computational fluid dynamics model is used to calculate the performance of a large number of conical jet pump geometries in terms of time-averaged pressure drop and acoustic power dissipation. The investigated geometrical parameters include the jet pump length, taper angle, waist diameter and waist curvature. In correspondence with previous work, four flow regimes are observed which characterize the jet pump performance and dimensionless parameters are introduced to scale the performance of the various jet pump geometries. The simulation results are compared to an existing quasi-steady theory and it is shown that t...

  7. CONFRONTING THREE-DIMENSIONAL TIME-DEPENDENT JET SIMULATIONS WITH HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE OBSERVATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Staff, Jan E.; Niebergal, Brian P.; Ouyed, Rachid; Pudritz, Ralph E.; Cai, Kai

    2010-10-20

    We perform state-of-the-art, three-dimensional, time-dependent simulations of magnetized disk winds, carried out to simulation scales of 60 AU, in order to confront optical Hubble Space Telescope observations of protostellar jets. We 'observe' the optical forbidden line emission produced by shocks within our simulated jets and compare these with actual observations. Our simulations reproduce the rich structure of time-varying jets, including jet rotation far from the source, an inner (up to 400 km s{sup -1}) and outer (less than 100 km s{sup -1}) component of the jet, and jet widths of up to 20 AU in agreement with observed jets. These simulations when compared with the data are able to constrain disk wind models. In particular, models featuring a disk magnetic field with a modest radial spatial variation across the disk are favored.

  8. Long Term Simulations Of Astrophysical Jets; Energy Structure and Quasi-Periodic Ejection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed Ibrahim; Kazunari Shibata

    2007-04-23

    We have performed self-consistent 2.5-dimensional nonsteady MHD numerical simulations of jet formation as long as possible, including the dynamics of accretion disks. Although the previous nonsteady MHD simulations for astrophysical jets revealed that the characteristics of nonsteady jets are similar to those of steady jets, the calculation time of these simulations is very short compared with the time scale of observed jets. Thus we have investigated long term evolutions of mass accretion rate, mass outflow rate, jet velocity, and various energy flux. We found that the ejection of jet is quasi-periodic. The period of the ejection is related to the time needed for the initial magnetic filed to be twisted to generate toroidal filed. We compare our results with both the steady state theory and previous 2.5-dimensional nonsteady MHD simulations.

  9. The flat synchrotron spectra of partially self-absorbed jets revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian R. Kaiser

    2006-01-05

    Flat radio spectra with large brightness temperatures at the core of AGN and X-ray binaries are usually interpreted as the partially self-absorbed bases of jet flows emitting synchrotron radiation. Here we extend previous models of jets propagating at large angles to our line of sight to self-consistently include the effects of energy losses of the relativistic electrons due to the synchrotron process itself and the adiabatic expansion of the jet flow. We also take into account energy gains through self-absorption. Two model classes are presented. The ballistic jet flows, with the jet material travelling along straight trajectories, and adiabatic jets. Despite the energy losses, both scenarios can result in flat emission spectra, however, the adiabatic jets require a specific geometry. No re-acceleration process along the jet is needed for the electrons. We apply the models to observational data of the X-ray binary Cygnus X-1. Both models can be made consistent with the observations. The resulting ballistic jet is extremely narrow with a jet opening angle of only 5". Its energy transport rate is small compared to the time-averaged jet power and therefore suggests the presence of non-radiating protons in the jet flow. The adiabatic jets require a strong departure from energy equipartition between the magnetic field and the relativistic electrons. These models also imply a jet power two orders of magnitude higher than the Eddington limiting luminosity of a 10 solar mass black hole. The models put strong constraints on the physical conditions in the jet flows on scales well below achievable resolution limits.

  10. Jet-wall interaction effects on diesel combustion and soot formation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pickett, Lyle M.; Lopez, J. Javier

    2004-09-01

    The effects of wall interaction on combustion and soot formation processes of a diesel fuel jet were investigated in an optically-accessible constant-volume combustion vessel at experimental conditions typical of a diesel engine. At identical ambient and injector conditions, soot processes were studied in free jets, plane wall jets, and 'confined' wall jets (a box-shaped geometry simulating secondary interaction with adjacent walls and jets in an engine). The investigation showed that soot levels are significantly lower in a plane wall jet compared to a free jet. At some operating conditions, sooting free jets become soot-free as plane wall jets. Possible mechanisms to explain the reduced or delayed soot formation upon wall interaction include an increased fuel-air mixing rate and a wall-jet-cooling effect. However, in a confined-jet configuration, there is an opposite trend in soot formation. Jet confinement causes combustion gases to be redirected towards the incoming jet, causing the lift-off length to shorten and soot to increase. This effect can be avoided by ending fuel injection prior to the time of significant interaction with redirected combustion gases. For a fixed confined-wall geometry, an increase in ambient gas density delays jet interaction, allowing longer injection durations with no increase in soot. Jet interaction with redirected combustion products may also be avoided using reduced ambient oxygen concentration because of an increased ignition delay. Although simplified geometries were employed, the identification of important mechanisms affecting soot formation after the time of wall interaction is expected to be useful for understanding these processes in more complex and realistic diesel engine geometries.

  11. Pump apparatus including deconsolidator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sonwane, Chandrashekhar; Saunders, Timothy; Fitzsimmons, Mark Andrew

    2014-10-07

    A pump apparatus includes a particulate pump that defines a passage that extends from an inlet to an outlet. A duct is in flow communication with the outlet. The duct includes a deconsolidator configured to fragment particle agglomerates received from the passage.

  12. Ram jet engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crispin, B.; Pohl, W.D.; Thomaier, D.; Voss, N.

    1983-11-29

    In a ram jet engine, a tubular combustion chamber is divided into a flame chamber followed by a mixing chamber. The ram air is supplied through intake diffusers located on the exterior of the combustion chamber. The intake diffusers supply combustion air directly into the flame chamber and secondary air is conveyed along the exterior of the combustion chambers and then supplied directly into the mixing chamber.

  13. Beam/Jet Trajectories April 1, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Beam/Jet Trajectories April 1, 2009 #12;Hg Jet Target Geometry Solenoid Axis Hg Jet Proton Beam BEAM CROSS rJET Previous results: Radius 5mm, beam =67mrad crossing = 33mrad #12;Optimized Target Energy, GeV Optimized Target Radius #12;Beam Angle and Jet/Beam Crossing Angle 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140

  14. JET Forward Programme & Opportunities for Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JET Forward Programme & Opportunities for Collaboration Lorne Horton JET Exploitation Manager Contract for the Opera.on of the JET Facili.es Co-Funded by Euratom #12;L.D. Horton 2 FESAC Strategic Planning Panel 8 July 2014 - What makes JET unique! - Plans for JET exploitation

  15. Promoting Behavior-Based Energy Efficiency in Military Housing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    AH McMakin; EL Malone; RE Lundgren

    1999-09-07

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) helps agencies reduce the cost of doing business through energy efficiency, water conservation, and the use of solar and other renewable energy. As a large energy user, the U.S. military has been one of the government sectors of focus. Several military installations have shown substantial energy savings in past years. Most of these efficiency projects, however, have focused primarily on physical upgrades, technologies, and purchasing habits. Furthermost projects have focused on administrative and operational areas of energy use. Military residential housing, in particular, has received little formal attention for energy efficiency involving behaviors of the residents themselves. Behavior-based change is a challenging, but potentially fruitful area for energy conservation programs. However, behavioral change involves links with values, social networks and organizations, and new ways of thinking about living patterns. This handbook attempts to fill a gap by offering guidance for promoting such efforts.

  16. Selected Items in Jet Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giuseppe Bozzi

    2008-08-06

    I provide a very brief overview of recent developments in jet algorithms, mostly focusing on the issue of infrared-safety.

  17. Photon + jets at D0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lars Sonnenschein

    2009-06-15

    Photon plus jet production has been studied by the D0 experiment in Run II of the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at a centre of mass energy of sqrt{s}=1.96 TeV. Measurements of the inclusive photon, inclusive photon plus jet, photon plus heavy flavour jet cross sections and double parton interactions in photon plus three jet events are presented. They are based on integrated luminosities between 0.4 fb$^-1 and 1.0 fb^-1. The results are compared to perturbative QCD calculations in various approximations.

  18. Predictions for Boson-Jet Observables and Fragmentation Function Ratios from a Hybrid Strong/Weak Coupling Model for Jet Quenching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jorge Casalderrey-Solana; Doga Can Gulhan; José Guilherme Milhano; Daniel Pablos; Krishna Rajagopal

    2015-08-27

    We have previously introduced a hybrid strong/weak coupling model for jet quenching in heavy ion collisions that describes the production and fragmentation of jets at weak coupling, using PYTHIA, and describes the rate at which each parton in the jet shower loses energy as it propagates through the strongly coupled plasma, dE/dx, using an expression computed holographically at strong coupling. The model has a single free parameter that we fit to a single experimental measurement. We then confront our model with experimental data on many other jet observables, focusing here on boson-jet observables, finding that it provides a good description of present jet data. Next, we provide the predictions of our hybrid model for many measurements to come, including those for inclusive jet, dijet, photon-jet and Z-jet observables in heavy ion collisions with energy $\\sqrt{s}=5.02$ ATeV coming soon at the LHC. As the statistical uncertainties on near-future measurements of photon-jet observables are expected to be much smaller than those in present data, with about an order of magnitude more photon-jet events expected, predictions for these observables are particularly important. We find that most of our pre- and post-dictions do not depend sensitively on the form we choose for the rate of energy loss dE/dx of the partons in the shower. This gives our predictions considerable robustness. To better discriminate between possible forms for the rate of energy loss, though, we must turn to intrajet observables. Here, we focus on ratios of fragmentation functions. We close with a suggestion for a particular ratio, between the fragmentation functions of inclusive and associated jets with the same kinematics in the same collisions, which is particularly sensitive to the x- and E-dependence of dE/dx, and hence may be used to learn which mechanism of parton energy loss best describes the quenching of jets.

  19. CENTIMETER CONTINUUM OBSERVATIONS OF THE NORTHERN HEAD OF THE HH 80/81/80N JET: REVISING THE ACTUAL DIMENSIONS OF A PARSEC-SCALE JET

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masque, Josep M.; Estalella, Robert; Girart, Josep M.; Rodriguez, Luis F.; Beltran, Maria T.

    2012-10-10

    We present 6 and 20 cm Jansky Very Large Array/Very Large Array observations of the northern head of the HH 80/81/80N jet, one of the largest collimated jet systems known so far, aimed to look for knots farther than HH 80N, the northern head of the jet. Aligned with the jet and 10' northeast of HH 80N, we found a radio source not reported before, with a negative spectral index similar to that of HH 80, HH 81, and HH 80N. The fit of a precessing jet model to the knots of the HH 80/81/80N jet, including the new source, shows that the position of this source is close to the jet path resulting from the modeling. If the new source belongs to the HH 80/81/80N jet, its derived size and dynamical age are 18.4 pc and >9 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 3} yr, respectively. If the jet is symmetric, its southern lobe would expand beyond the cloud edge resulting in an asymmetric appearance of the jet. Based on the updated dynamical age, we speculate on the possibility that the HH 80/81/80N jet triggered the star formation observed in a dense core found ahead of HH 80N, which shows signposts of interaction with the jet. These results indicate that parsec-scale radio jets can play a role in the stability of dense clumps and the regulation of star formation in the molecular cloud.

  20. Buoyant jet behavior in confined regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fry, David J.

    1981-01-01

    Previous confined jet studies have emphasized the behavior of non-buoyant jets inside ducts or near plane boundaries (Coanda effect). Buoyancy, however, is a major factor in the confined jet behavior experienced in many ...

  1. Jet shapes with the broadening axis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larkoski, Andrew James

    Broadening is a classic jet observable that probes the transverse momentum structure of jets. Traditionally, broadening has been measured with respect to the thrust axis, which is aligned along the (hemisphere) jet momentum ...

  2. Miniconference on astrophysical jets P. M. Bellan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellan, Paul M.

    Miniconference on astrophysical jets P. M. Bellan Applied Physics, California Institute 9 May 2005 This miniconference brought together observers of astrophysical jets, analytic and numerical modelers of both astrophysical jets and spheromaks, and laboratory experimentalists. The purpose

  3. JETS IN e+e- ANNIHILATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, Susan Catherine.

    2010-01-01

    io U s, Data Monte Carlo, ~zz Jet Model Monte Carlo, - Phaseener-jy for data (points), jet model (solid curve) and pnaotAXIS The quarKs and hence the jet axis should have the same

  4. On impinging near-field granular jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arbelaez, D.; Zohdi, T. I.; Dornfeld, D. A.

    2009-01-01

    evolution models in abrasive jet micromachining. Wear 2008;SIMULATION OF GRANULAR JETS 26. Cheng X, Varas G, Citron D,behavior in a granular jet: emergence of a liquid with zero

  5. Searching for Jets in Heavy Ion Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salur, Sevil

    2008-01-01

    measurements with full jet reconstruction in heavy ionDirect measurement of jets in s N N = 200 GeV Heavy Ion5–12, 2008 Searching for Jets in Heavy Ion Collisions Sevil

  6. Understanding Jet Energy Loss with Angular Correlation Studies in PHENIX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. A. Hanks

    2010-05-10

    Angular correlation studies provide powerful insight into the energy loss of hard scattered partons as they traverse the partonic medium produced in heavy ion collisions at RHIC. These results are generally compared to jet correlations in p+p collsisions where all correlation strength is attributed to vacuum fragmentation. Strong modification to di-jet correlations has been observed in A+A collisions at RHIC, most notably for the away side jet. Many different effects, including the opacity of the medium, its response to energy deposited by partons as they propagate, and modifications to the parton fragmentation, are involved in producing the final correlation stuctures. Understanding the interplay between these various effects is essential to developing a complete picture of the medium. Measurements of jet correlations involving direct photons provide a unique probe of jet fragmentation effects, as photons are not strongly interacting. Additionally, systematic studies of the away side structure as a function of $p_{T}$, as well as attempts to include additional high $p_{T}$ trigger requirements, can help to distinguish different energy loss mechanisms. We discuss recent PHENIX results from these detailed studies of jet correlations in A+A and p+p collisions.

  7. Waveform dependence on signal amplitude in the RHIC H-Jet polarimeter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poblaguev, A. A.

    2014-02-25

    A simulation of the signal waveform in the H-Jet polarimeter is discussed. The simulation includes a model of charge collection in the silicon detector and a response functions of the H-Jet front end electronics. Results of the simulation are compared with experimental data. It is shown that an analysis of the signal shape may help to suppress background in the H-Jet polarization measurements.

  8. Merging of high speed argon plasma jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Case, A.; Messer, S.; Brockington, S.; Wu, L.; Witherspoon, F. D.; Elton, R.

    2013-01-15

    Formation of an imploding plasma liner for the plasma liner experiment (PLX) requires individual plasma jets to merge into a quasi-spherical shell of plasma converging on the origin. Understanding dynamics of the merging process requires knowledge of the plasma phenomena involved. We present results from the study of the merging of three plasma jets in three dimensional geometry. The experiments were performed using HyperV Technologies Corp. 1 cm Minirailguns with a preionized argon plasma armature. The vacuum chamber partially reproduces the port geometry of the PLX chamber. Diagnostics include fast imaging, spectroscopy, interferometry, fast pressure probes, B-dot probes, and high speed spatially resolved photodiodes, permitting measurements of plasma density, temperature, velocity, stagnation pressure, magnetic field, and density gradients. These experimental results are compared with simulation results from the LSP 3D hybrid PIC code.

  9. Top Jets at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almeida, L.G.

    2009-01-01

    Top Jets at the LHC Leandro G. Almeida, Seung J. Lee, GiladSB-08-37; WIS/17/08-SEPT-DPP Top Jets at the LHC Leandro G.p T hadronically-decaying top quarks at the Large Hadron

  10. OPENING ANGLES OF COLLAPSAR JETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mizuta, Akira; Ioka, Kunihito

    2013-11-10

    We investigate the jet propagation and breakout from the stellar progenitor for gamma-ray burst (GRB) collapsars by performing two-dimensional relativistic hydrodynamic simulations and analytical modeling. We find that the jet opening angle is given by ?{sub j} ? 1/5?{sub 0} and infer the initial Lorentz factor of the jet at the central engine, ?{sub 0}, is a few for existing observations of ?{sub j}. The jet keeps the Lorentz factor low inside the star by converging cylindrically via collimation shocks under the cocoon pressure and accelerates at jet breakout before the free expansion to a hollow-cone structure. In this new picture, the GRB duration is determined by the sound crossing time of the cocoon, after which the opening angle widens, reducing the apparent luminosity. Some bursts violating the maximum opening angle ?{sub j,{sub max}} ? 1/5 ? 12° imply the existence of a baryon-rich sheath or a long-acting jet. We can explain the slopes in both Amati and Yonetoku spectral relations using an off-centered photosphere model, if we make only one assumption that the total jet luminosity is proportional to the initial Lorentz factor of the jet. We also numerically calibrate the pre-breakout model (Bromberg et al.) for later use.

  11. Synchronization of system-of-systems interfaces in military satellite communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Mark J. (Mark Jeffrey)

    2008-01-01

    Military systems continue to become more complex and nearly all are now part of one or more system of systems (SoS). Military satellite communications programs have expanded over the last decade from three distinct satellite ...

  12. Essays on regional and firm-level productivity, military spending, and technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goudie, Bryan Daniel

    2008-01-01

    Oil Shocks, Military Spending, and Other Driving Forces”, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, International FinanceOil Shocks, Military Spending, and other Driving Forces”, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, International Finance

  13. Active Duty Military Tuition Waiver UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    Active Duty Military Tuition Waiver UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO SEMESTER: __________ YEAR of the (DUTY STATION) State of New Mexico. This active duty assignment is for the period from _______________________________________________________ ORGANIZATION Return waiver to: The University of New Mexico Division of Enrollment Management Office

  14. Targeting Net Zero Energy for Military Installations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burman, K.

    2012-05-01

    Targeting Net Zero Energy for Military Installations in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii. A net zero energy installation (NZEI) is one that produces as much energy from on-site renewable sources as it consumes. NZEI assessment provides a systematic approach to energy projects.

  15. forEnvironmentalManagementofMilitaryLands Guide to Sampling Soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    forEnvironmentalManagementofMilitaryLands Guide to Sampling Soil Compaction Using Hand-Held Soil Fort Collins, CO 80523-1490 January 2004 #12;#12;1 Guide to Sampling Soil Compaction Using Hand-Held Soil Penetrometers1 Prepared by Dave Jones and Matt Kunze Center for Environmental Management

  16. Royal Military College of Canada Collge militaire royal du Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    to study the toxicity of diluted bitumen in fish At the 2012-13 National Energy Board hearings to reviewRoyal Military College of Canada · Collège militaire royal du Canada Position for a Master student, Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, or in any other program that is relevant to the proposed research

  17. Quis Custodiet Ipsos Custodes? Civilian Control over the Military

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a distaste for power, maintaining the integrity of civilian rule. However, subsequent history suggests centuries Latin American countries such as Ar- gentina, Brazil, Chile and Peru were run for long periods powerful the military, the greater the threat it would be to civilian governments. Yet, in fact

  18. 2013 NASFAA 1 Military and Veterans Tips Tip Sheet for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and will be starting college soon. My dad, an Army officer, died in Iraq in 2007. I just filed a FAFSA on the Web programs for students like me? Yes. You may be eligible to receive an Iraq and Afghanistan Service Grant your parent or guardian died as a result of military service in Iraq or Afghanistan after 9/11/01 while

  19. ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS CEMML@cemml.colostate.edu | http://www.cemml.colostate.edu Environmental compliance and pollution prevention are critical aspects of any successful environmental program. The Center provides technical support in these key areas. CEMML

  20. Dynamic of astrophysical jets in the complex octonion space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zi-Hua Weng

    2015-06-12

    The paper aims to consider the strength gradient force as the dynamic of astrophysical jets, explaining the movement phenomena of astrophysical jets. J. C. Maxwell applied the quaternion analysis to describe the electromagnetic theory. This encourages others to adopt the complex quaternion and octonion to depict the electromagnetic and gravitational theories. In the complex octonion space, it is capable of deducing the field potential, field strength, field source, angular momentum, torque, force and so forth. As one component of the force, the strength gradient force relates to the gradient of the norm of field strength only, and is independent of not only the direction of field strength but also the mass and electric charge for the test particle. When the strength gradient force is considered as the thrust of the astrophysical jets, one can deduce some movement features of astrophysical jets, including the bipolarity, matter ingredient, precession, symmetric distribution, emitting, collimation, stability, continuing acceleration and so forth. The above results reveal that the strength gradient force is able to be applied to explain the main mechanical features of astrophysical jets, and is the competitive candidate of the dynamic of astrophysical jets.

  1. Spectral Properties of the Core and the VLBI-Jets of Cygnus A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U. Bach; T. P. Krichbaum; E. Middelberg; M. Kadler; W. Alef; A. Witzel; J. A. Zensus

    2004-09-14

    We present a detailed VLBI study of the spectral properties of the inner core region of the radio galaxy Cygnus A at 5 GHz, 15 GHz, 22 GHz, 43 GHz and 86 GHz. Our observations include an epoch using phase-referencing at 15 GHz and 22 GHz and the first successful VLBI observations of Cygnus A at 86 GHz. We find a pronounced two-sided jet structure, with a steep spectrum along the jet and an inverted spectrum towards the counter-jet. The inverted spectrum and the frequency-dependent jet-to-counter-jet ratio suggest that the inner counter-jet is covered by a circum-nuclear absorber as it is proposed by the unified scheme.

  2. SOLAR POLAR X-RAY JETS AND MULTIPLE BRIGHT POINTS: EVIDENCE FOR SYMPATHETIC ACTIVITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pucci, Stefano; Romoli, Marco; Poletto, Giannina; Sterling, Alphonse C.

    2012-02-15

    We present an analysis of X-ray bright points (BPs) and X-ray jets observed by Hinode/X-Ray Telescope on 2007 November 2-4, within the solar northern polar coronal hole. After selecting small subregions that include several BPs, we followed their brightness evolution over a time interval of a few hours, when several jets were observed. We find that most of the jets occurred in close temporal association with brightness maxima in multiple BPs: more precisely, most jets are closely correlated with the brightening of at least two BPs. We suggest that the jets result from magnetic connectivity changes that also induce the BP variability. We surmise that the jets and implied magnetic connectivity we describe are small-scale versions of the active-region-scale phenomenon, whereby flares and eruptions are triggered by interacting bipoles.

  3. Measurements of the W production cross sections in association with jets with the ATLAS detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ATLAS Collaboration

    2015-03-20

    This paper presents cross sections for the production of a W boson in association with jets, measured in proton--proton collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. With an integrated luminosity of $4.6 fb^{-1}$, this data set allows for an exploration of a large kinematic range, including jet production up to a transverse momentum of 1 TeV and multiplicities up to seven associated jets. The production cross sections for W bosons are measured in both the electron and muon decay channels. Differential cross sections for many observables are also presented including measurements of the jet observables such as the rapidities and the transverse momenta as well as measurements of event observables such as the scalar sums of the transverse momenta of the jets. The measurements are compared to numerous QCD predictions including next-to-leading-order perturbative calculations, resummation calculations and Monte Carlo generators.

  4. Generation of elves by sprites and jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taranenko, Y.; Roussel-Dupre, R.; Yukhimuk, V.; Symbalisty, E.

    1997-04-01

    Recent years of observations of the upper atmosphere and the lower ionosphere brought a fascinating collection of new phenomena including optical, radio, and gamma-ray emissions originating in the 20 to 90 km altitude range. Up to now, the most diverse phenomenology has emerged from the optical observations which have led to the identification of red sprites, blue jets, blue starts, and elves. Most of the studies have concentrated on relating such phenomena in the upper atmosphere to regular lightning discharges in the troposphere. The sprite/jet discharge itself can be caused by the runaway air breakdown, or regular air breakdown. The standard theory for optical airglow transients in the lower ionosphere above the thunderstorms also known as elves suggests that they are produced during interaction of electromagnetic pulses (EMP) from lightning with the lower ionosphere. Heating of the ambient electrons by the EMP in the D region can result in excitation of optical emissions once the optical excitation thresholds are reached. In this paper the authors suggest that in addition to this mechanism elves can be caused by an EMP generated by sprites and jets.

  5. A comparison between synthetic jets and continuous jets B.L. Smith, G.W. Swift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Barton L.

    A comparison between synthetic jets and continuous jets B.L. Smith, G.W. Swift Abstract Experimental measurements and flow visualiza- tion of synthetic jets and continuous jets with matched Reynolds numbers are described. Although they have the same profile shape, synthetic jets are wider and slower than

  6. Numerical Simulations for Jet-Proton Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    inside the jet. Setup of the Simulation of the Circular Jet downstream upstream #12;3 Sergei's result at the Initial Time Energy deposition at x=0 plane, the pressure unit is bar upstream downstream #12;4 Results of the Simulation of the Elliptic Jet downstream upstream #12;7 Jet surface at 0 and 140 microsecond Results from

  7. The interaction between two radial jets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruber, Thomas Clifton

    1993-01-01

    Arrays of impinging jets are used in industry for heat and mass transfer processes. A new type of jet was recently developed which could be utilized in such arrays. This jet is the radial jet and it offers the advantages of variable net force...

  8. Latest Jets Results from the Tevatron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christina Mesropian

    2011-06-15

    A comprehensive overview of the latest aspects of jet physics in proton-antiproton collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=$1.96 TeV is presented. In particular, measurements of the inclusive jet production, dijet and multi-jet production, and jet substructure studies are discussed.

  9. Jet energy calibration at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ariel Schwartzman

    2015-09-17

    Jets are one of the most prominent physics signatures of high energy proton proton (p-p) collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). They are key physics objects for precision measurements and searches for new phenomena. This review provides an overview of the reconstruction and calibration of jets at the LHC during its first Run. ATLAS and CMS developed different approaches for the reconstruction of jets, but use similar methods for the energy calibration. ATLAS reconstructs jets utilizing input signals from their calorimeters and use charged particle tracks to refine their energy measurement and suppress the effects of multiple p-p interactions (pileup). CMS, instead, combines calorimeter and tracking information to build jets from particle flow objects. Jets are calibrated using Monte Carlo (MC) simulations and a residual in situ calibration derived from collision data is applied to correct for the differences in jet response between data and Monte Carlo. Large samples of dijet, Z+jets, and photon+jet events at the LHC allowed the calibration of jets with high precision, leading to very small systematic uncertainties. Both ATLAS and CMS achieved a jet energy calibration uncertainty of about 1% in the central detector region and for jets with transverse momentum pT>100 GeV. At low jet pT, the jet energy calibration uncertainty is less than 4%, with dominant contributions from pileup, differences in energy scale between quark and gluon jets, and jet flavor composition.

  10. Water cooled steam jet

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wagner, E.P. Jr.

    1999-01-12

    A water cooled steam jet for transferring fluid and preventing vapor lock, or vaporization of the fluid being transferred, has a venturi nozzle and a cooling jacket. The venturi nozzle produces a high velocity flow which creates a vacuum to draw fluid from a source of fluid. The venturi nozzle has a converging section connected to a source of steam, a diffuser section attached to an outlet and a throat portion disposed there between. The cooling jacket surrounds the venturi nozzle and a suction tube through which the fluid is being drawn into the venturi nozzle. Coolant flows through the cooling jacket. The cooling jacket dissipates heat generated by the venturi nozzle to prevent vapor lock. 2 figs.

  11. Micromachined chemical jet dispenser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swierkowski, S.P.

    1999-03-02

    A dispenser is disclosed for chemical fluid samples that need to be precisely ejected in size, location, and time. The dispenser is a micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) device fabricated in a bonded silicon wafer and a substrate, such as glass or silicon, using integrated circuit-like fabrication technology which is amenable to mass production. The dispensing is actuated by ultrasonic transducers that efficiently produce a pressure wave in capillaries that contain the chemicals. The 10-200 {micro}m diameter capillaries can be arranged to focus in one spot or may be arranged in a larger dense linear array (ca. 200 capillaries). The dispenser is analogous to some ink jet print heads for computer printers but the fluid is not heated, thus not damaging certain samples. Major applications are in biological sample handling and in analytical chemical procedures such as environmental sample analysis, medical lab analysis, or molecular biology chemistry experiments. 4 figs.

  12. Micromachined chemical jet dispenser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA)

    1999-03-02

    A dispenser for chemical fluid samples that need to be precisely ejected in size, location, and time. The dispenser is a micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) device fabricated in a bonded silicon wafer and a substrate, such as glass or silicon, using integrated circuit-like fabrication technology which is amenable to mass production. The dispensing is actuated by ultrasonic transducers that efficiently produce a pressure wave in capillaries that contain the chemicals. The 10-200 .mu.m diameter capillaries can be arranged to focus in one spot or may be arranged in a larger dense linear array (.about.200 capillaries). The dispenser is analogous to some ink jet print heads for computer printers but the fluid is not heated, thus not damaging certain samples. Major applications are in biological sample handling and in analytical chemical procedures such as environmental sample analysis, medical lab analysis, or molecular biology chemistry experiments.

  13. Water cooled steam jet

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wagner, Jr., Edward P. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1999-01-01

    A water cooled steam jet for transferring fluid and preventing vapor lock, or vaporization of the fluid being transferred, has a venturi nozzle and a cooling jacket. The venturi nozzle produces a high velocity flow which creates a vacuum to draw fluid from a source of fluid. The venturi nozzle has a converging section connected to a source of steam, a diffuser section attached to an outlet and a throat portion disposed therebetween. The cooling jacket surrounds the venturi nozzle and a suction tube through which the fluid is being drawn into the venturi nozzle. Coolant flows through the cooling jacket. The cooling jacket dissipates heat generated by the venturi nozzle to prevent vapor lock.

  14. Evaluation of low-residue soldering for military and commercial applications: A report from the Low-Residue Soldering Task Force

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iman, R.L.; Anderson, D.J.; Burress, R.V.

    1995-06-01

    The LRSTF combined the efforts of industry, military, and government to evaluate low-residue soldering processes for military and commercial applications. These processes were selected for evaluation because they provide a means for the military to support the presidential mandate while producing reliable hardware at a lower cost. This report presents the complete details and results of a testing program conducted by the LRSTF to evaluate low-residue soldering for printed wiring assemblies. A previous informal document provided details of the test plan used in this evaluation. Many of the details of that test plan are contained in this report. The test data are too massive to include in this report, however, these data are available on disk as Excel spreadsheets upon request. The main purpose of low-residue soldering is to eliminate waste streams during the manufacturing process.

  15. Jets and Jet-like correlations in STAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alice Ohlson; for the STAR Collaboration

    2012-10-08

    The propagation and modification of hard-scattered partons in the QGP can be studied using various types of jet and jet-like correlation measurements. The STAR detector with its full azimuthal and large pseudorapidity acceptance, as well as its wide transverse momentum (pT) coverage, is well-suited for these measurements. At mid-rapidity, azimuthal correlations of charged hadrons with the axis of a reconstructed trigger jet are used to study the modification of jet shapes and associated hadron yields from p+p to Au+Au. Dihadron correlations with back-to-back high-pT hadron pairs are used to investigate dijets and fragmentation biases. STAR's increased particle identification capabilities due to the Time-Of-Flight detector are utilized to investigate the differences between jet-related and bulk-related particle production. Dihadron correlations with identified trigger particles provide experimental tests of simple recombination theories. The comprehensive set of STAR jet-quenching measurements can be used to further constrain theories of parton energy loss at RHIC.

  16. CDF/PHYS/JET/CDFR/6419 Version 1.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galtieri, Lina

    CDF/PHYS/JET/CDFR/6419 Version 1.0 June 19, 2003 Systematic Uncertainties Associated with Jet. Schmitt Jet Corrections Group Abstract We present an estimate of the systematic uncertainties on the jet jets, as well as for raw jets are given. 1 Introduction In order to convert the jet E T measured

  17. Jet Quenching from QCD Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chien, Yang-Ting; Kang, Zhong-Bo; Ovanesyan, Grigory; Vitev, Ivan

    2015-01-01

    Recent advances in soft-collinear effective theory with Glauber gluons have led to the development of a new method that gives a unified description of inclusive hadron production in reactions with nucleons and heavy nuclei. We show how this approach, based on the generalization of the DGLAP evolution equations to include final-state medium-induced parton showers, can be combined with initial-state effects for applications to jet quenching phenomenology. We demonstrate that the traditional parton energy loss calculations can be regarded as a special soft-gluon emission limit of the general QCD evolution framework. We present phenomenological comparison of the SCET$_{\\rm G}$-based results on the suppression of inclusive charged hadron and neutral pion production in $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.76$ TeV lead-lead collisions at the Large Hadron Collider to experimental data. We also show theoretical predictions for the upcoming $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} \\simeq 5.1$ TeV Pb+Pb run at the LHC.

  18. Fragmentation inside an identified jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Procura, Massimiliano

    Using Soft?Collinear Effective Theory (SCET) we derive factorization formulae for semi?inclusive processes where a light hadron h fragments from a jet whose invariant mass is measured. Our analysis yields a novel “fragmenting ...

  19. Radial flow pulse jet mixer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    VanOsdol, John G.

    2013-06-25

    The disclosure provides a pulse jet mixing vessel for mixing a plurality of solid particles. The pulse jet mixing vessel is comprised of a sludge basin, a flow surface surrounding the sludge basin, and a downcoming flow annulus between the flow surface and an inner shroud. The pulse jet mixing vessel is additionally comprised of an upper vessel pressurization volume in fluid communication with the downcoming flow annulus, and an inner shroud surge volume separated from the downcoming flow annulus by the inner shroud. When the solid particles are resting on the sludge basin and a fluid such as water is atop the particles and extending into the downcoming flow annulus and the inner shroud surge volume, mixing occurs by pressurization of the upper vessel pressurization volume, generating an inward radial flow over the flow surface and an upwash jet at the center of the sludge basin.

  20. Jet production at hadron colliders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jouttenus, Teppo T. (Teppo Tapani)

    2012-01-01

    Hadronic jets feature in many final states of interest in modern collider experiments. They form a significant Standard Model background for many proposed new physics processes and also probe QCD interactions at several ...

  1. Fragmentation inside an identified jet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Procura, Massimiliano; Stewart, Iain W.

    2011-05-23

    Using Soft-Collinear Effective Theory (SCET) we derive factorization formulae for semi-inclusive processes where a light hadron h fragments from a jet whose invariant mass is measured. Our analysis yields a novel 'fragmenting jet function' G{sub i}{sup h}(s,z) that depends on the jet invariant mass {radical}(s), and on the fraction z of the large light-cone momentum components of the hadron and the parent parton i. We show that G{sub i}{sup h}(s,z) can be computed in terms of perturbatively calculable coefficients, J{sub ij}(s,z/x), integrated against standard non-perturbative fragmentation functions, D{sub j}{sup h}(x). Our analysis yields a simple replacement rule that allows any factorization theorem depending on a jet function J{sub i} to be converted to a semi-inclusive process with a fragmenting hadron h.

  2. Aeroacoustics of volcanic jets: Acoustic power estimation and jet velocity dependence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matoza, Robin S; Fee, D; Neilsen, Tracianne B; Gee, Kent L; Ogden, Darcy E

    2013-01-01

    e.g. , the exhaust from jet engines and rockets) [Kundu andow) issuing out of the jet engine or rocket. Other sourcesSupersonic jet noise characteristics and propagation: Engine

  3. Jet Quenching with Parton evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luan Cheng; Enke Wang

    2009-10-08

    We report the evolution effects on jet energy loss with detailed balance. The initial conditions and parton evolution based on perturbative QCD in the chemical non-equilibrated medium and Bjorken expanding medium at RHIC are determined. The parton evolution affect the jet energy loss evidently. This will increase the energy and propagating distance dependence of the parton energy loss and will affect the shape of suppression of moderately high P_{T} hadron spectra.

  4. Convectively generated zonal jets by thunderstorms on Jupiter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xi Arthur; Showman, Adam

    2011-01-01

    formation of equatorial jets in freely decaying shallowof moist convection with zonal jets on Jupiter and Saturn,Generation of equatorial jets by large-scale latent heating

  5. Numerical simulations of volcanic jets: Importance of vent overpressure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ogden, Darcy E.; Wohletz, Kenneth H.; Glatzmaier, Gary A.; Brodsky, Emily E.

    2008-01-01

    Laboratory studies of volcanic jets, J. Geophys. Res. , 89(Analysis of supersonic air jets, Phys. Rev. , 76(5), 662 –and dynamics of supersonic jets, Astron. Astrophys. , 113(

  6. JETS OF NUCLEAR MATTER FROM HIGH ENERGY HEAVY ION COLLISIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stocker, H.

    2013-01-01

    of California. LBL-11774 Jets of Nuclear Matter from Highclusters. Strongly correlated jets of nuclear matter areExperimental analysis of the jet phenomena is in progress.

  7. PROTOSTELLAR JETS ENCLOSED BY LOW-VELOCITY OUTFLOWS (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    PROTOSTELLAR JETS ENCLOSED BY LOW-VELOCITY OUTFLOWS Citation Details In-Document Search Title: PROTOSTELLAR JETS ENCLOSED BY LOW-VELOCITY OUTFLOWS A protostellar jet and outflow...

  8. Stopping Cooling Flows with Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrizio Brighenti; William G. Mathews

    2006-01-24

    We describe 2D gasdynamical models of jets that carry mass as well as energy to the hot gas in galaxy clusters. These flows have many attractive attributes for solving the galaxy cluster cooling flow problem: Why the hot gas temperature and density profiles resemble cooling flows but show no spectral evidence of cooling to low temperatures. Using an approximate model for the cluster A1795, we show that mass-carrying jets can reduce the overall cooling rate to or below the low values implied by X-ray spectra. Biconical subrelativistic jets, described with several ad hoc parameters, are assumed to be activated when gas flows toward or cools near a central supermassive black hole. As the jets proceed out from the center they entrain more and more ambient gas. The jets lose internal pressure by expansion and are compressed by the ambient cluster gas, becoming rather difficult to observe. For a wide variety of initial jet parameters and several feedback scenarios the global cooling can be suppressed for many Gyrs while maintaining cluster temperature profiles similar to those observed. The intermittancy of the feedback generates multiple generations of X-ray cavities similar to those observed in the Perseus Cluster and elsewhere.

  9. Numerical Simulations of Bouncing Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonito, Andrea; Lee, Sanghyun

    2015-01-01

    Bouncing jets are fascinating phenomenons occurring under certain conditions when a jet impinges on a free surface. This effect is observed when the fluid is Newtonian and the jet falls in a bath undergoing a solid motion. It occurs also for non-Newtonian fluids when the jets falls in a vessel at rest containing the same fluid. We investigate numerically the impact of the experimental setting and the rheological properties of the fluid on the onset of the bouncing phenomenon. Our investigations show that the occurrence of a thin lubricating layer of air separating the jet and the rest of the liquid is a key factor for the bouncing of the jet to happen. The numerical technique that is used consists of a projection method for the Navier-Stokes system coupled with a level set formulation for the representation of the interface. The space approximation is done with adaptive finite elements. Adaptive refinement is shown to be very important to capture the thin layer of air that is responsible for the bouncing.

  10. Searches in photon and jet states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Soha, A.; /UC, Davis

    2007-06-01

    The authors present recent results from the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) and D0 experiments using data from proton-antiproton collisions with {radical}s = 1.96 TeV at Run II of the Fermilab Tevatron. New physics may appear in events with high transverse momentum objects, including photons and quark or gluon jets. The results described here are of signature-based searches and model-based searches probing supersymmetry, leptoquarks, 4th generation quarks, and large extra dimensions.

  11. JET ROTATION INVESTIGATED IN THE NEAR-ULTRAVIOLET WITH THE HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE IMAGING SPECTROGRAPH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coffey, Deirdre; Ray, Thomas P.; Rigliaco, Elisabetta; Bacciotti, Francesca; Eisloeffel, Jochen

    2012-04-20

    We present results of the second phase of our near-ultraviolet investigation into protostellar jet rotation using the Hubble Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph. We obtain long-slit spectra at the base of five T Tauri jets to determine if there is a difference in radial velocity between the jet borders which may be interpreted as a rotation signature. These observations are extremely challenging and push the limits of current instrumentation, but have the potential to provide long-awaited observational support for the magnetocentrifugal mechanism of jet launching in which jets remove angular momentum from protostellar systems. We successfully detect all five jet targets (from RW Aur, HN Tau, DP Tau, and CW Tau) in several near-ultraviolet emission lines, including the strong Mg II doublet. However, only RW Aur's bipolar jet presents a sufficiently high signal-to-noise ratio to allow for analysis. The approaching jet lobe shows a difference of 10 km s{sup -1} in a direction which agrees with the disk rotation sense, but is opposite to previously published optical measurements for the receding jet. The near-ultraviolet difference is not found six months later, nor is it found in the fainter receding jet. Overall, in the case of RW Aur, differences are not consistent with a simple jet rotation interpretation. Indeed, given the renowned complexity and variability of this system, it now seems likely that any rotation signature is confused by other influences, with the inevitable conclusion that RW Aur is not suited to a jet rotation study.

  12. "The Second American School of Arms": the Virginia Military Institute and the advent of state military education, 1835-1851 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wineman, Bradford Alexander

    2001-01-01

    with other early narrative histories such as Jennings Wise's Milit Histo of VMI from 1839 and Superintendent Francis H. Smith's Histo of the Vir 'a Militar Institute, are all hindered by personal biases that often interrupt their narratives to exalt... years later. Chapter Three traces VMI's development from an abstract proposal initiated by the local townspeople to a fully functioning military academy. The Institute's three founders, J. T. L. Preston, Colonel Claudius Crozet, and Francis H. Smith...

  13. Plasma jet ignition device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McIlwain, Michael E. (Franklin, MA); Grant, Jonathan F. (Wayland, MA); Golenko, Zsolt (North Reading, MA); Wittstein, Alan D. (Fairfield, CT)

    1985-01-15

    An ignition device of the plasma jet type is disclosed. The device has a cylindrical cavity formed in insulating material with an electrode at one end. The other end of the cylindrical cavity is closed by a metal plate with a small orifice in the center which plate serves as a second electrode. An arc jumping between the first electrode and the orifice plate causes the formation of a highly-ionized plasma in the cavity which is ejected through the orifice into the engine cylinder area to ignite the main fuel mixture. Two improvements are disclosed to enhance the operation of the device and the length of the plasma plume. One improvement is a metal hydride ring which is inserted in the cavity next to the first electrode. During operation, the high temperature in the cavity and the highly excited nature of the plasma breaks down the metal hydride, liberating hydrogen which acts as an additional fuel to help plasma formation. A second improvement consists of a cavity insert containing a plurality of spaced, metal rings. The rings act as secondary spark gap electrodes reducing the voltage needed to maintain the initial arc in the cavity.

  14. Resolving the jet in Cygnus A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U. Bach; T. P. Krichbaum; E. Middelberg; W. Alef; J. A. Zensus

    2008-12-09

    Our previous studies revealed a good kinematic model for the jet of Cygnus A, but the counter-jet speed is still not well constrained. The central engine and part of the counter-jet of Cyg A are likely to be obscured by free-free absorbing material, presumably a thick torus. At mm-wavelengths, the absorber becomes optically thin, which provides a more detailed view into the inner nuclear region. Knowing the speed of jet and counter-jet and their flux density ratio allows to determine the jet Lorentz factors and orientation. Therefore we started to monitor Cyg A with global VLBI at 43GHz in Oct. 2007. Our first epoch reveals a previously unseen gap between both jets. This could be either a sign for a new counter-jet component that is slowly separating or we start to see the very inner acceleration region of the jet which is not efficiently radiating at radio wavelengths. Further more the image shows transversely resolved jet structures at distances beyond ~0.5pc which facilitate more detailed investigations addressing jet stratification. Analysis of the resolved jet structure shows that the initially wide jet (opening angle ~10deg) collimates within the first parsec into a edge-brightened jet with an opening angle of ~3deg.

  15. Prediction of Jet Noise Shielding with Forward Flight Salvador Mayoral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papamoschou, Dimitri

    Prediction of Jet Noise Shielding with Forward Flight Effects Salvador Mayoral and Dimitri on the radiation of the isolated source as well as its diffraction by an object. Applications include the shielding to better shielding for the HWB problem. The overall error tends to be less than 5% for flight Mach number

  16. Jets in heavy ion collisions at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan Kapitan

    2009-11-25

    Full jet reconstruction in heavy-ion collisions enables a complete study of the modification of jet structure due to energy loss in hot and dense QCD matter, but is challenging due to the high multiplicity environment. The STAR and PHENIX collaborations at RHIC have recently presented measurements of fully reconstructed jets from p+p, Cu+Cu and Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_\\mathrm{NN}} = 200 \\mathrm{GeV}$. We review the first results on inclusive jet spectra, di-jets and fragmentation functions and discuss their implications on understanding of jet quenching.

  17. THE SURVIVAL OF NUCLEI IN JETS ASSOCIATED WITH CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVAE AND GAMMA-RAY BURSTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horiuchi, Shunsaku; Murase, Kohta [Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, Ohio State University, 191 West Woodruff Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Ioka, Kunihito [KEK Theory Center and Graduate University for Advanced Studies (Sokendai), Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan); Meszaros, Peter [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Department of Physics and Center for Particle Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

    2012-07-01

    Heavy nuclei such as nickel-56 are synthesized in a wide range of core-collapse supernovae (CCSN), including energetic supernovae associated with gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Recent studies suggest that jet-like outflows are a common feature of CCSN. These outflows may entrain synthesized nuclei at launch or during propagation, and provide interesting multi-messenger signals including heavy ultra-high-energy cosmic rays. Here, we investigate the destruction processes of nuclei during crossing from the stellar material into the jet material via a cocoon, and during propagation after being successfully loaded into the jet. We find that nuclei can survive for a range of jet parameters because collisional cooling is faster than spallation. While canonical high-luminosity GRB jets may contain nuclei, magnetic-dominated models or low-luminosity jets with small bulk Lorentz factors are more favorable for having a significant heavy nuclei component.

  18. The Jet-Disk Connection and Blazar Unification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laura Maraschi; Fabrizio Tavecchio

    2002-05-16

    We discuss the relation between the power carried by relativistic jets and the nuclear power provided by accretion, for a group of blazars including FSRQs and BL Lac objects. They are characterized by good quality broad band X-ray data provided by the Beppo SAX satellite. The jet powers are estimated using physical parameters determined from uniformly modelling their spectral energy distributions (SEDs). Our analysis indicates that for Flat Spectrum Radio Quasars the total jet power is of the same order as the accretion power. We suggest that blazar jets are likely powered by energy extraction from a rapidly spinning black hole through the magnetic field provided by the accretion disk. FSRQs must have large BH masses (10^8 - 10^9 solar masses) and high, near Eddington accretion rates. For BL Lac objects the jet luminosity is larger than the disk luminosity. This can be understood within the same scenario if BL Lac objects have masses similar to FSRQ but accrete at largely subcritical rates, whereby the accretion disk radiates inefficiently. Thus the ``unification'' of the two classes into a single blazar population, previously proposed on the basis of a spectral sequence governed by luminosity, finds a physical basis.

  19. Multiplicity of (Mini-)Jets at Small x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlo Ewerz; Bryan R. Webber

    1999-07-20

    We derive closed expressions for the mean and variance of the (mini-)jet multiplicity distribution in hard scattering processes at low x. Here (mini-)jets are defined as those due to initial-state radiation of gluons with transverse momenta greater than some resolution scale m_R, where Lambda^2 << m_R^2 << Q^2, Lambda being the intrinsic QCD scale and Q the momentum transfer scale of the hard scattering. Our results are valid to leading order in log(1/x) but include all sub-leading logarithms of Q^2/m_R^2. As an illustration, we predict the mini-jet multiplicity in Higgs boson production at the Large Hadron Collider.

  20. Integrated coke, asphalt and jet fuel production process and apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shang, Jer Y. (McLean, VA)

    1991-01-01

    A process and apparatus for the production of coke, asphalt and jet fuel m a feed of fossil fuels containing volatile carbon compounds therein is disclosed. The process includes the steps of pyrolyzing the feed in an entrained bed pyrolyzing means, separating the volatile pyrolysis products from the solid pyrolysis products removing at least one coke from the solid pyrolysis products, fractionating the volatile pyrolysis products to produce an overhead stream and a bottom stream which is useful as asphalt for road pavement, condensing the overhead stream to produce a condensed liquid fraction and a noncondensable, gaseous fraction, and removing water from the condensed liquid fraction to produce a jet fuel-containing product. The disclosed apparatus is useful for practicing the foregoing process. the process provides a useful method of mass producing and jet fuels from materials such as coal, oil shale and tar sands.

  1. N Jettiness: An Inclusive Event Shape to Veto Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Iain

    Jet vetoes are essential in many analyses at the LHC and Tevatron. Typical signals have a specific number of hard jets or leptons, while backgrounds have additional jets. Vetoing undesired jets efficiently discriminates ...

  2. Vorticity structure and evolution in a transverse jet with new algorithms for scalable particle simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marzouk, Youssef M. (Youssef Mohamed)

    2004-01-01

    Transverse jets arise in many applications, including propulsion, effluent dispersion, oil field flows, V/STOL aerodynamics, and drug delivery. Furthermore, they exemplify flows dominated by coherent structures that cascade ...

  3. Conversion of crop seed oils to jet fuel and associated methods

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ginosar, Daniel M.; Petkovic, Lucia M.; Thompson, David N.

    2010-05-18

    Aspects of the invention include methods to produce jet fuel from biological oil sources. The method may be comprised of two steps: hydrocracking and reforming. The process may be self-sufficient in heat and hydrogen.

  4. Lagrangian simulation of transverse jets with a distribution-based diffusion scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wee, Daehyun, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Transverse jets form a dominant group of flow fields arising in many applications of modern energy utilization, including propulsion and effluent dispersion. Furthermore, they form canonical examples where the flow field ...

  5. Search for Heavy Majorana Neutrinos in Same-Sign mumu+jets and ee+jets Events in pp Collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 GeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giordano, Ferdinando

    2013-01-01

    4.4 Jet Reconstruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5.2.5 Jet selection . . . . . .4.4.2 Anti-k T cone jet clustering algorithm . . . 4.4.3 Jet

  6. Jet energy scale setting with "photon+Jet" events at LHC energies. Event rates, Pt structure of jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. V. Bandourin; V. F. Konoplianikov; N. B. Skachkov

    2000-12-15

    In this paper the study of "photon+Jet" events is continued, aimed at jet energy scale setting and hadron calorimeter calibration at LHC energies. The event number distribution over Pt and pseudorapidity eta in the barrel region of the photon is presented. The features of "photon+Jet" events in CMS detector |eta|<1.4 are exposed. Pt structure of the region in the eta-phi space inside and beyond jet is also shown.

  7. Military students access top R&D

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework uses concrete7 Assessment ofLana7, atScienceWasteMilitary students

  8. Jets from Jets: Re-clustering as a tool for large radius jet reconstruction and grooming at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benjamin Nachman; Pascal Nef; Ariel Schwartzman; Maximilian Swiatlowski; Chaowaroj Wanotayaroj

    2014-12-11

    Jets with a large radius $R\\gtrsim 1$ and grooming algorithms are widely used to fully capture the decay products of boosted heavy particles at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Unlike most discriminating variables used in such studies, the jet radius is usually not optimized for specific physics scenarios. This is because every jet configuration must be calibrated, insitu, to account for detector response and other experimental effects. One solution to enhance the availability of large-$R$ jet configurations used by the LHC experiments is {\\it jet re-clustering}. Jet re-clustering introduces an intermediate scale $rjets are calibrated and used as the inputs to reconstruct large radius jets. In this paper we systematically study and propose new jet re-clustering configurations and show that re-clustered large radius jets have essentially the same jet mass performance as large radius groomed jets. Jet re-clustering has the benefit that no additional large-R calibration is necessary, allowing the re-clustered large radius parameter to be optimized in the context of specific precision measurements or searches for new physics.

  9. PowerJet Wind Turbine Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bartlett, Raymond J

    2008-11-30

    PROJECT OBJECTIVE The PowerJet wind turbine overcomes problems characteristic of the small wind turbines that are on the market today by providing reliable output at a wide range of wind speeds, durability, silent operation at all wind speeds, and bird-safe operation. Prime Energy�s objective for this project was to design and integrate a generator with an electrical controller and mechanical controls to maximize the generation of electricity by its wind turbine. The scope of this project was to design, construct and test a mechanical back plate to control rotational speed in high winds, and an electronic controller to maximize power output and to assist the base plate in controlling rotational speed in high winds. The test model will continue to operate beyond the time frame of the project, with the ultimate goal of manufacturing and marketing the PowerJet worldwide. Increased Understanding of Electronic & Mechanical Controls Integrated With Electricity Generator The PowerJet back plate begins to open as wind speed exceeds 13.5 mps. The pressure inside the turbine and the turbine rotational speed are held constant. Once the back plate has fully opened at approximately 29 mps, the controller begins pulsing back to the generator to limit the rotational speed of the turbine. At a wind speed in excess of 29 mps, the controller shorts the generator and brings the turbine to a complete stop. As the wind speed subsides, the controller releases the turbine and it resumes producing electricity. Data collection and instrumentation problems prevented identification of the exact speeds at which these events occur. However, the turbine, controller and generator survived winds in excess of 36 mps, confirming that the two over-speed controls accomplished their purpose. Technical Effectiveness & Economic Feasibility Maximum Electrical Output The output of electricity is maximized by the integration of an electronic controller and mechanical over-speed controls designed and tested during the course of this project. The output exceeds that of the PowerJet�s 3-bladed counterparts (see Appendix). Durability All components of the PowerJet turbine assembly�including the electronic and mechanical controls designed, manufactured and field tested during the course of this project�proved to be durable through severe weather conditions, with constant operation and no interruption in energy production. Low Cost Materials for the turbine, generator, tower, charge controllers and ancillary parts are available at reasonable prices. Fabrication of these parts is also readily available worldwide. The cost of assembling and installing the turbine is reduced because it has fewer parts and requires less labor to manufacture and assemble, making it competitively priced compared with turbines of similar output manufactured in the U.S. and Europe. The electronic controller is the unique part to be included in the turbine package. The controllers can be manufactured in reasonably-sized production runs to keep the cost below $250 each. The data logger and 24 sensors are for research only and will be unnecessary for the commercial product. Benefit To Public The PowerJet wind-electric system is designed for distributed wind generation in 3 and 4 class winds. This wind turbine meets DOE�s requirements for a quiet, durable, bird-safe turbine that eventually can be deployed as a grid-connected generator in urban and suburban settings. Results As described more fully below and illustrated in the Appendices, the goals and objectives outlined in 2060 SOPO were fully met. Electronic and mechanical controls were successfully designed, manufactured and integrated with the generator. The turbine, tower, controllers and generators operated without incident throughout the test period, surviving severe winter and summer weather conditions such as extreme temperatures, ice and sustained high winds. The electronic controls were contained in weather-proof electrical boxes and the elec

  10. Lighting system with thermal management system having point contact synthetic jets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Arik, Mehmet; Weaver, Stanton Earl; Kuenzler, Glenn Howard; Wolfe, Jr., Charles Franklin; Sharma, Rajdeep

    2013-12-10

    Lighting system having unique configurations are provided. For instance, the lighting system may include a light source, a thermal management system and driver electronics, each contained within a housing structure. The light source is configured to provide illumination visible through an opening in the housing structure. The thermal management system includes a plurality of synthetic jets. The synthetic jets are arranged within the lighting system such that they are secured at contact points.

  11. Gravity waves from vortex dipoles and jets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Shuguang

    2009-05-15

    The dissertation first investigates gravity wave generation and propagation from jets within idealized vortex dipoles using a nonhydrostatic mesoscale model. Several initially balanced and localized jets induced by vortex dipoles are examined here...

  12. Quasi-static model of collimated jets and radio lobes. I. Accretion disk and jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colgate, Stirling A.; Li, Hui; Fowler, T. Kenneth; Pino, Jesse

    2014-07-10

    This is the first of a series of papers showing that when an efficient dynamo can be maintained by accretion disks around supermassive black holes in active galactic nuclei, it can lead to the formation of a powerful, magnetic helix that could explain both the observed radio jet/lobe structures on very large scales and ultimately the enormous power inferred from the observed ultra-high-energy cosmic rays. In this work, we solve a set of one-dimensional equations similar to the steady-state standard accretion disk model, but now including the large-scale magnetic fields giving rises to jets. We find that the frequently made assumption that large-scale fields are frozen into the disk is fundamentally incorrect, due to the necessity for current and the accreting mass to flow perpendicular to magnetic flux surfaces. A correct treatment greatly simplifies the calculations, yielding fields that leave the disk nearly vertically with magnetic profiles uniquely determined by disk angular momentum conservation. Representative solutions of the magnetic fields in different radial regions of the disk surface are given, and they determine the overall key features in the jet structure and its dissipation, which will be the subjects of later papers.

  13. Numerical Study on GRB-Jet Formation in Collapsars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nagataki, Shigehiro; /Kyoto U., Yukawa Inst., Kyoto /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Takahashi, Rohta; /Tokyo U.; Mizuta, Akira; /Garching, Max Planck Inst.; Takiwaki, Tomoya; /Tokyo U.

    2006-08-22

    Two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations are performed using the ZEUS-2D code to investigate the dynamics of a collapsar that generates a GRB jet, taking account of realistic equation of state, neutrino cooling and heating processes, magnetic fields, and gravitational force from the central black hole and self gravity. It is found that neutrino heating processes are not so efficient to launch a jet in this study. It is also found that a jet is launched mainly by B{sub {phi}} fields that are amplified by the winding-up effect. However, since the ratio of total energy relative to the rest mass energy in the jet is not so high as several hundred, we conclude that the jets seen in this study are not be a GRB jet. This result suggests that general relativistic effects, which are not included in this study, will be important to generate a GRB jet. Also, the accretion disk with magnetic fields may still play an important role to launch a GRB jet, although a simulation for much longer physical time {approx} 10-100 s is required to confirm this effect. It is shown that considerable amount of {sup 56}Ni is synthesized in the accretion disk. Thus there will be a possibility for the accretion disk to supply sufficient amount of {sup 56}Ni required to explain the luminosity of a hypernova. Also, it is shown that neutron-rich matter due to electron captures with high entropy per baryon is ejected along the polar axis. Moreover, it is found that the electron fraction becomes larger than 0.5 around the polar axis near the black hole by {nu}{sub e} capture at the region. Thus there will be a possibility that r-process and r/p-process nucleosynthesis occur at these regions. Finally, much neutrons will be ejected from the jet, which suggests that signals from the neutron decays may be observed as the delayed bump of the light curve of the afterglow or gamma-rays.

  14. Jet energy scale setting with "photon+Jet" events at LHC energies. Generalities, selection rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. V. Bandourin; V. F. Konoplianikov; N. B. Skachkov

    2000-12-14

    "photon+Jet" events, based on the q~q-> g+photon and qg-> q+photon subprocesses, are proposed for jet energy scale setting and hadron calorimeter calibration at LHC energies. General features and selection criteria of "photon+Jet" events that would provide a good photon Pt - jet Pt balance are described. CMS detector geometry is taken as the basement.

  15. ALMOST JET STRUCTURES AND FIRST JET-EXTENSIONS OF FIBRED MANIFOLDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasquero, Stefano

    ALMOST JET STRUCTURES AND FIRST JET-EXTENSIONS OF FIBRED MANIFOLDS Paola Morando Dipartimento di conditions for a manifold M to be diffeomorphic to the first jet­extension j1(N) of a fibred manifold N O are given in terms of almost jet structures, i.e. pairs (S, A), where S is a suitable type (2, 1) tensor

  16. Turbulent Jets SUMMARY: This chapter is concerned with turbulent jets, namely their overall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cushman-Roisin, Benoit

    Chapter 9 Turbulent Jets SUMMARY: This chapter is concerned with turbulent jets, namely their overall shape and velocity structure. The first jets being considered are those penetrating in homogeneous terminology. Continuous Intermittent injection injection Momentum only Jet Puff Buoyancy only Plume Thermal

  17. Jets and Orography: Idealized Experiments with Tip-Jets and Lighthill Blocking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jets and Orography: Idealized Experiments with Tip-Jets and Lighthill Blocking P.B. Rhines issue on Jets 15 June 2006 #12;2 ABSTRACT In this note we describe some qualitative features of the generation of jet-like concentrated circulations, wakes and blocks by simple mountain-like orography, both

  18. Improved e-Jet Printing -TFOT Improved e-Jet Printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Improved e-Jet Printing - TFOT Home Sections News Articles Forums About Us Improved e-Jet Printing at the University of Illinois have developed a technology that provides higher resolution and more versatility in e-jet printing. As opposed to conventional ink-jet printers, where heat or mechanical vibrations are used

  19. M. Bahrami ENSC 461 (S 11) Jet Propulsion Cycle 1 Ideal JetPropulsion Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    M. Bahrami ENSC 461 (S 11) Jet Propulsion Cycle 1 Ideal JetPropulsion Cycle Gas-turbine engines. Aircraft gas turbines operate on an open cycle called jet-propulsion cycle. Some of the major differences between the gas-turbine and jet-propulsion cycles are: gases are expanded in the turbine to a pressure

  20. Experimental studies of unbiased gluon jets from e^+e^? annihilations using the jet boost algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Graham Wallace; Abbiendi, G.; Ainsley, C.; Å kesson, P. F.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Amaral, P.; Anagnostou, G.; Anderson, K.J.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Bailey, I.; Barberio, E.

    2004-02-25

    We present the first experimental results based on the jet boost algorithm, a technique to select unbiased samples of gluon jets in e^+e^? annihilations, i.e. gluon jets free of biases introduced by event selection or jet finding criteria. Our...

  1. Strategic Control of Transverse Jet Shear Layer Instabilities J. Davitian,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M'Closkey, Robert T.

    engines, dilution jet injection in gas turbine combustors, thrust vectoring jets, and turbine blade filmStrategic Control of Transverse Jet Shear Layer Instabilities J. Davitian, C. Hendrickson, D jet in crossflow or transverse jet. Jet nozzles that are flush as well as elevated with respect

  2. Computational study of flow dynamics from a dc arc plasma jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trelles, Juan Pablo

    2013-01-01

    Plasma jets produced by direct-current (DC) non-transferred arc plasma torches, at the core of technologies ranging from spray coating to pyrolysis, present intricate dynamics due to the coupled interaction of fluid flow, thermal, and electromagnetic phenomena. The flow dynamics from an arc discharge plasma jet are investigated using time-dependent three-dimensional simulations encompassing the dynamics of the arc inside the torch, the evolution of the jet through the discharge environment, and the subsequent impingement of the jet over a flat substrate. The plasma is described by a chemical equilibrium and thermodynamic nonequilibrium (two-temperature) model. The numerical formulation of the physical model is based on a monolithic and fully-coupled treatment of the fluid and electromagnetic equations using a Variational Multiscale Finite Element Method. Simulation results uncover distinct aspects of the flow dynamics, including the jet forcing due to the movement of the electric arc, the prevalence of deviat...

  3. Evaporation system and method for gas jet deposition of thin film materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schmitt, Jerome J. (New Haven, CT); Halpern, Bret L. (Bethany, CT)

    1994-01-01

    A method and apparatus for depositing thin films of materials such as metals, oxides and nitrides at low temperature relies on a supersonic free jet of inert carrier gas to transport vapor species generated from an evaporation source to the surface of a substrate. Film deposition vapors are generated from solid film precursor materials, including those in the form of wires or powders. The vapor from these sources is carried downstream in a low pressure supersonic jet of inert gas to the surface of a substrate where the vapors deposit to form a thin film. A reactant gas can be introduced into the gas jet to form a reaction product with the evaporated material. The substrate can be moved from the gas jet past a gas jet containing a reactant gas in which a discharge has been generated, the speed of movement being sufficient to form a thin film which is chemically composed of the evaporated material and reactant gases.

  4. Random Vortex-Street Model for a Self-Similar Plane Turbulent Jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor L'vov; Anna Pomyalov; Itamar Procaccia; Rama Govindarajan

    2008-03-18

    We ask what determines the (small) angle of turbulent jets. To answer this question we first construct a deterministic vortex-street model representing the large scale structure in a self-similar plane turbulent jet. Without adjustable parameters the model reproduces the mean velocity profiles and the transverse positions of the large scale structures, including their mean sweeping velocities, in a quantitative agreement with experiments. Nevertheless the exact self similar arrangement of the vortices (or any other deterministic model) necessarily leads to a collapse of the jet angle. The observed (small) angle results from a competition between vortex sweeping tending to strongly collapse the jet and randomness in the vortex structure, with the latter resulting in a weak spreading of the jet.

  5. Advanced thermally stable jet fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schobert, H.H.

    1999-01-31

    The Pennsylvania State University program in advanced thermally stable coal-based jet fuels has five broad objectives: (1) Development of mechanisms of degradation and solids formation; (2) Quantitative measurement of growth of sub-micrometer and micrometer-sized particles suspended in fuels during thermal stressing; (3) Characterization of carbonaceous deposits by various instrumental and microscopic methods; (4) Elucidation of the role of additives in retarding the formation of carbonaceous solids; (5) Assessment of the potential of production of high yields of cycloalkanes by direct liquefaction of coal. Future high-Mach aircraft will place severe thermal demands on jet fuels, requiring the development of novel, hybrid fuel mixtures capable of withstanding temperatures in the range of 400--500 C. In the new aircraft, jet fuel will serve as both an energy source and a heat sink for cooling the airframe, engine, and system components. The ultimate development of such advanced fuels requires a thorough understanding of the thermal decomposition behavior of jet fuels under supercritical conditions. Considering that jet fuels consist of hundreds of compounds, this task must begin with a study of the thermal degradation behavior of select model compounds under supercritical conditions. The research performed by The Pennsylvania State University was focused on five major tasks that reflect the objectives stated above: Task 1: Investigation of the Quantitative Degradation of Fuels; Task 2: Investigation of Incipient Deposition; Task 3: Characterization of Solid Gums, Sediments, and Carbonaceous Deposits; Task 4: Coal-Based Fuel Stabilization Studies; and Task 5: Exploratory Studies on the Direct Conversion of Coal to High Quality Jet Fuels. The major findings of each of these tasks are presented in this executive summary. A description of the sub-tasks performed under each of these tasks and the findings of those studies are provided in the remainder of this volume (Sections 1 through 5).

  6. Essays on regional and firm-level productivity, military spending, and technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goudie, Bryan Daniel

    2008-01-01

    than small companies to a military prime contract award.However, these contracts make up a very small fraction ofaside contracts are competitive, but only certified small

  7. Behavioral representation of military tactics for single-vehicle autonomous rotorcraft via statecharts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickie, Mark M

    2005-01-01

    Over the past several years, aerospace companies have developed unmanned helicopters suitable for integration into military operations as reconnaissance platforms. These rotorcraft, however, require ground-based human ...

  8. Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in the Shaping of the Egyptian, Iranian, and Turkish Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandil, Hazem Khaled

    2012-01-01

    on the Liquidation of Feudalism),” in Al-Tali’ah 3 (3): 124-economic enticements. Under feudalism, military commandersafter eradicating feudalism and manipulative capitalism,

  9. The Remote Photogrammetric Survey and Engineering Analysis of the Divertor Structure during JET’s Remote Tile Exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Remote Photogrammetric Survey and Engineering Analysis of the Divertor Structure during JET’s Remote Tile Exchange

  10. Theoretical and Experimental Simulation of Accident Scenarios of the JET Cryogenic Components Part II: The JET LHCD Cryopump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theoretical and Experimental Simulation of Accident Scenarios of the JET Cryogenic Components Part II: The JET LHCD Cryopump

  11. Jet physics at HERA, Tevatron and LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Royon

    2008-11-10

    In this short report, we discuss the Jet Physics results and perspectives at HERA, Tevatron and LHC.

  12. Monte Carlo Tools for Jet Quenching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korinna Zapp

    2011-09-07

    A thorough understanding of jet quenching on the basis of multi-particle final states and jet observables requires new theoretical tools. This talk summarises the status and propects of the theoretical description of jet quenching in terms of Monte Carlo generators.

  13. Probing nuclear matter with jet conversions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, W.; Fries, Rainer J.

    2008-01-01

    We discuss the flavor of leading jet partons as a valuable probe of nuclear matter. We point out that the coupling of jets to nuclear matter naturally leads to an alteration of jet chemistry even at high transverse momentum PT. In particular...

  14. JET PROPULSION WITHOUT INERTIA Saverio E. Spagnolie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in and expelling fluid through pores at its surface. We consider this mechanism of jet propulsion without inertia://www.ima.umn.edu #12;Jet propulsion without inertia Saverio E. Spagnolie and Eric Lauga Department of MechanicalJET PROPULSION WITHOUT INERTIA By Saverio E. Spagnolie and Eric Lauga IMA Preprint Series # 2322

  15. Jet operators on fields Piotr Kowalski*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kowalski, Piotr

    Jet operators on fields Piotr Kowalski-Champaign Abstract We classify jet operators in the sense of Buium [Bu ] on a field of an arbitrary of the Frobenius map. 1 Introduction In [Bu ], Buium introduced jet operators on rings; they are natural

  16. Searching for Jets in Heavy Ion Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sevil Salur

    2008-09-09

    Jet quenching measurements using leading particles and their correlations suffer from known biases, which can be removed via direct reconstruction of jets in central heavy ion collisions. In this talk, we discuss several modern jet reconstruction algorithms and background subtraction techniques that are appropriate to heavy ion collisions.

  17. The Particle Content of Extragalactic Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David S. De Young

    2006-05-31

    Recent x-ray and radio data from radio sources in galaxy clusters are used to show that the pdV work required to inflate the radio lobes exceeds all other energy estimates deduced from the radio emission. If the required jet energy density has an isotropic pressure, then in almost all cases the jet cannot be confined by an external medium. This problem can be resolved with jets dominated by cold protons, but even here the accompanying energy density in relativistic electons can cause decollimation. Electron-positron jets cannot solve this problem unless they are highly beamed with unusual energy distributions. Poynting flux jets may be a viable alternative.

  18. Jet energy scale setting with "photon+Jet" events at LHC energies. Selection of events with a clean "photon+Jet" topology and photon Pt - jet Pt disbalance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. V. Bandourin; V. F. Konoplyanikov; N. B. Skachkov

    2001-04-27

    It is shown in the paper that Pt activity limitation (modulus of the vector sum) of all particle beyond "photon+Jet" system Pt^out leads to the noticeable photon Pt - jet Pt disbalance decreasing. On a simultaneous restriction of the cluster Pt and Pt^out from above it is possible to reach an acceptable balance between photon Pt - jet Pt with a sufficient number of the photon Pt - jet Pt events for the jet energy scale setting and hadron calorimeter calibratiom of the CMS detector at LHC.

  19. The Structure and Dynamics of GRB Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathan Granot

    2006-10-12

    There are several lines of evidence which suggest that the relativistic outflows in gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are collimated into narrow jets. The jet structure has important implications for the true energy release and the event rate of GRBs, and can constrain the mechanism responsible for the acceleration and collimation of the jet. Nevertheless, the jet structure and its dynamics as it sweeps up the external medium and decelerates, are not well understood. In this review I discuss our current understanding of GRB jets, stressing their structure and dynamics.

  20. Shear Layer Instabilities and Mixing in Variable Density Transverse Jet Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Getsinger, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    of the Jet in Crossflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .The Variable Density Jet in Crossflow . . . . . . . . .The Single-Phase Jet in Crossflow . . . . . . .

  1. Analysis of exclusive $k_T$ jet algorithms in electron-positron annihilation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Junegone Chay; Chul Kim; Inchol Kim

    2015-08-18

    We study the factorization of the dijet cross section in $e^+ e^-$ annihilation using the generalized exclusive jet algorithm which includes the cone-type, the JADE, the $k_T$, the anti-$k_T$ and the Cambridge/Aachen jet algorithms as special cases. In order to probe the characteristics of the jet algorithms in a unified way, we consider the generalized $k_T$ jet algorithm with an arbitrary weight of the energies, in which various types of the $k_T$-type algorithms are included for specific values of the parameter. We show that the jet algorithm respects the factorization property for the parameter $\\alpha algorithms except the $k_T$ algorithm. The $k_T$ algorithm ($\\alpha=2$) breaks the factorization since the jet and the soft functions are infrared divergent and are not defined for $\\alpha=2$, though the dijet cross section is infrared finite. In the jet algorithms which enable factorization, we give a phenomenological analysis using the resummed and the fixed-order results.

  2. Jets and Underlying Events at LHC Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. G. Agócs; G. G. Barnaföldi; P. Lévai

    2010-11-24

    Jet-matter interaction remains a central question and a theoretical challenge in heavy-ion physics and might become important in high-multiplicity events in proton-proton collisions at LHC energies. Full jet measurement at LHC offer the proper tool to investigate energy loss process and fragmentation of hard parton in the medium. Since jet reconstruction will be constrained to small cone sizes, then study of the connection between jets and surrounding environment provides a further possibility to extend our exploration. We study jets at s = (14 TeV)^2 and pp collisions at s = (7 TeV)^2. We analyze the flavor components in jet-like environments. We introduce a definition for surrounding cones/belts and investigate flavor dependence and correlation of different hadron species produced in jets. Here, we focus on proton-triggered correlations. Our analysis can be extended for heavy ion collisions.

  3. Pulmonary toxicity after exposure to military-relevant heavy metal tungsten alloy particles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roedel, Erik Q., E-mail: Erik.Roedel@amedd.army.mil [Department of General Surgery, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 96859 (United States); Cafasso, Danielle E., E-mail: Danielle.Cafasso@amedd.army.mil [Department of General Surgery, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 96859 (United States); Lee, Karen W.M., E-mail: Karen.W.Lee@amedd.army.mil [Department of Clinical Investigation, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 96859 (United States); Pierce, Lisa M., E-mail: Lisa.Pierce@amedd.army.mil [Department of Clinical Investigation, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 96859 (United States)

    2012-02-15

    Significant controversy over the environmental and public health impact of depleted uranium use in the Gulf War and the war in the Balkans has prompted the investigation and use of other materials including heavy metal tungsten alloys (HMTAs) as nontoxic alternatives. Interest in the health effects of HMTAs has peaked since the recent discovery that rats intramuscularly implanted with pellets containing 91.1% tungsten/6% nickel/2.9% cobalt rapidly developed aggressive metastatic tumors at the implantation site. Very little is known, however, regarding the cellular and molecular mechanisms associated with the effects of inhalation exposure to HMTAs despite the recognized risk of this route of exposure to military personnel. In the current study military-relevant metal powder mixtures consisting of 92% tungsten/5% nickel/3% cobalt (WNiCo) and 92% tungsten/5% nickel/3% iron (WNiFe), pure metals, or vehicle (saline) were instilled intratracheally in rats. Pulmonary toxicity was assessed by cytologic analysis, lactate dehydrogenase activity, albumin content, and inflammatory cytokine levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid 24 h after instillation. The expression of 84 stress and toxicity-related genes was profiled in lung tissue and bronchoalveolar lavage cells using real-time quantitative PCR arrays, and in vitro assays were performed to measure the oxidative burst response and phagocytosis by lung macrophages. Results from this study determined that exposure to WNiCo and WNiFe induces pulmonary inflammation and altered expression of genes associated with oxidative and metabolic stress and toxicity. Inhalation exposure to both HMTAs likely causes lung injury by inducing macrophage activation, neutrophilia, and the generation of toxic oxygen radicals. -- Highlights: ? Intratracheal instillation of W–Ni–Co and W–Ni–Fe induces lung inflammation in rats. ? W–Ni–Co and W–Ni–Fe alter expression of oxidative stress and toxicity genes. ? W–Ni–Co induces a greater oxidative burst response than W–Ni–Fe in lung macrophages.

  4. Assessing the impacts of military vehicle traffic on natural areas. Introduction to the special

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fehmi, Jeffrey S.

    Assessing the impacts of military vehicle traffic on natural areas. Introduction to the special issue and review of the relevant military vehicle impact literature Alan B. Anderson a,*, Antonio J, and the International Society for Terrain-Vehicle Systems cosponsored a symposium titled ``Assessing the Impacts

  5. Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands 1 LCTA Relational Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands 1 LCTA Relational Database Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands No. 5 - 1997 The LCTA data is stored in a relational database, currently SQLBase from Gupta Technologies Inc. To the inexperienced user the LCTA database can seem very complex with 45

  6. License for Non-Military Software Implementations of OCB January 10, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogaway, Phillip

    License for Non-Military Software Implementations of OCB January 10, 2013 1 Definitions 1.1 "Licensor" means Phillip Rogaway. 1.2 "Licensed Patents" means any patent that claims priority to United invention claimed in the Licensed Patents. 1.4 "Military Use" means any Use by, in cooperation with

  7. Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands 1 Loading Handheld Data Files

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands 1 Loading Handheld Data Files Understanding the Process Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands No. 10 - 1998 The purpose of this document Data File Requirements Three criteria are checked by the loading program before the import process

  8. Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands 1 Loading Data from Mixed Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands 1 Loading Data from Mixed Data Collection Techniques Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands No. 7 - 1997 Currently the LCTA data logger has, for example, plot 1 will have an additional file marked as 301. Follow the procedures below to load the data

  9. ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING / NEPA SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING / NEPA SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS CEMML@cemml.colostate.edu | http://www.cemml.colostate.edu Effective environmental planning and management of military and testing. The Center develops environmental planning documents for installations to incorporate

  10. The jets of the Vela pulsar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Kargaltsev; G. G. Pavlov; M. A. Teter; D. Sanwal

    2003-06-09

    Chandra observations of the Vela pulsar-wind nebula (PWN) have revealed a jet in the direction of the pulsar's proper motion, and a counter-jet in the opposite direction, embedded in diffuse nebular emission. The jet consists of a bright, 8''-long inner jet, between the pulsar and the outer arc, and a dim, curved outer jet that extends up to 100'' in approximately the same direction. From the analysis of thirteen Chandra observations spread over about 2.5 years we found that this outer jet shows particularly strong variability, changing its shape and brightness. We observed bright blobs in the outer jet moving away from the pulsar with apparent speeds (0.3-0.6)c and fading on time-scales of days to weeks. The spectrum of the outer jet fits a power-law model with a photon index of 1.3\\pm0.1. The X-ray emission of the outer jet can be interpreted as synchrotron radiation of ultrarelativistic electrons/positrons. This interpretation allows one to estimate the magnetic field, ~100 microGauss, maximum energy of X-ray emitting electrons, ~2\\times 10^{14} eV, and energy injection rate, ~8\\times 10^{33} erg/s, for the outer jet. In the summed PWN image we see a dim, 2'-long outer counter-jet, which also shows a power-law spectrum with photon ined of 1.2-1.5. Southwest of the jet/counter-jet an extended region of diffuse emission is seen. Relativistic particles responsible for this radiation are apparently supplied by the outer jet.

  11. Non-flow, and what flow to subtract in jet-correlation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuqiang Wang; Quan Wang

    2009-10-20

    We derive analytical forms for non-flow contributions from cluster correlation to two-particle elliptic flow (v2{2}) measure. We also derive an analytical form for jet-correlation flow-background with the same cluster approach. We argue that the elliptic flow v2 parameter to be used in jet-correlation background is that from two-particle method excluding non-flow correlations unrelated to the reaction plane, but including cross-terms between cluster correlation and cluster flow. We verify our result with Monte Carlo simulations. We discuss how one may obtain the v2 parameter for jet-correlation background experimentally.

  12. Mueller Navelet jets at LHC: a clean test of QCD resummation effects at high energy?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Ducloué; L. Szymanowski; S. Wallon

    2013-09-10

    Mueller Navelet jets were proposed more than 25 years ago as a decisive test of BFKL dynamics at hadron colliders. We here present a complete next-to-leading BFKL study of the azimuthal decorrelation of these jets. This includes both next-to-leading corrections to the Green's function and next-to-leading corrections to the jet vertices. We compare our results with recent data taken at the LHC and results obtained in a fixed order next-to-leading-order (NLO) calculation.

  13. Application of discrete event simulation techniques for prioritization of U.S. Air Force Military Family Housing Projects 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krukenberg, Harry J.

    1996-01-01

    This study, through the use of discrete event simulation and modeling, explores various prioritization disciplines for U.S. Air Force Military Family Housing maintenance, repair, and renovation projects. Actual data from the Military Family Housing...

  14. The weight of an assassin's mace : vulnerabilities in the US military's satellite communications and China's information warfare threat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Benjamin M

    2005-01-01

    Believing that an information Revolution of Military Affairs has occurred, the US military is currently transforming to achieve dominance over the full spectrum of deployment scenarios with a lighter, more mobile, and more ...

  15. ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION OF BROWN DWARFS: JETS, VORTICES, AND TIME VARIABILITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Xi; Showman, Adam P.

    2014-06-10

    A variety of observational evidence demonstrates that brown dwarfs exhibit active atmospheric circulations. In this study we use a shallow-water model to investigate the global atmospheric dynamics in the stratified layer overlying the convective zone on these rapidly rotating objects. We show that the existence and properties of the atmospheric circulation crucially depend on key parameters including the energy injection rate and radiative timescale. Under conditions of strong internal heat flux and weak radiative dissipation, a banded flow pattern comprised of east-west jet streams spontaneously emerges from the interaction of atmospheric turbulence with the planetary rotation. In contrast, when the internal heat flux is weak and/or radiative dissipation is strong, turbulence injected into the atmosphere damps before it can self-organize into jets, leading to a flow dominated by transient eddies and isotropic turbulence instead. The simulation results are not very sensitive to the form of the forcing. Based on the location of the transition between jet-dominated and eddy-dominated regimes, we suggest that many brown dwarfs may exhibit atmospheric circulations dominated by eddies and turbulence (rather than jets) due to the strong radiative damping on these worlds, but a jet structure is also possible under some realistic conditions. Our simulated light curves capture important features from observed infrared light curves of brown dwarfs, including amplitude variations of a few percent and shapes that fluctuate between single-peak and multi-peak structures. More broadly, our work shows that the shallow-water system provides a useful tool to illuminate fundamental aspects of the dynamics on these worlds.

  16. Zonal jets in equilibrating baroclinic instability on the polar beta-plane: experiments with altimetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matulka, A M

    2015-01-01

    Results from the laboratory experiments on the evolution of baroclinically unstable flows generated in a rotating tank with topographic beta-effect are presented. We study zonal jets of alternating direction which occur in these flows. The primary system we model includes lighter fluid in the South and heavier fluid in the North with resulting slow meridional circulation and fast mean zonal motion. In a two-layer system the velocity shear between the layers results in baroclinic instability which equilibrates with time and, due to interaction with beta-effect generates zonal jets. This system is archetypal for various geophysical systems including the general circulation and jet streams in the Earths atmosphere, the Antarctic Circumpolar Current or the areas in the vicinity of western boundary currents where baroclinic instability and multiple zonal jets are observed. The gradient of the surface elevation and the thickness of the upper layer are measured in the experiments using the Altimetric Imaging Velocim...

  17. Average gluon and quark jet multiplicities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Kotikov

    2014-11-30

    We show the results in [1,2] for computing the QCD contributions to the scale evolution of average gluon and quark jet multiplicities. The new results came due a recent progress in timelike small-x resummation obtained in the MSbar factorization scheme. They depend on two nonperturbative parameters with clear and simple physical interpretations. A global fit of these two quantities to all available experimental data sets demonstrates by its goodness how our results solve a longstandig problem of QCD. Including all the available theoretical input within our approach, alphas(Mz)=0.1199 +- 0.0026 has been obtained in the MSbar scheme in an approximation equivalent to next-to-next-to-leading order enhanced by the resummations of ln x terms through the NNLL level and of ln Q2 terms by the renormalization group. This result is in excellent agreement with the present world average.

  18. SCALED EXPERIMENTS EVALUATING PULSE JET MIXING OF SLURRIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bamberger, Judith A.; Meyer, Perry A.; Enderlin, Carl W.; Fort, James A.; Wells, Beric E.; Minette, Michael J.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Baer, Ellen BK; Eakin, David E.; Elmore, Monte R.; Snyder, Sandra F.

    2009-11-13

    Pulse jet mixing (PJM) tests with noncohesive solids in Newtonian liquid were conducted at three geometric scales to support the design of mixing systems for the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant. The test data will be used to develop mixing models. The models predict the cloud height (the height to which solids will be lifted by the PJM action) and the critical suspension velocity (the minimum velocity needed to ensure all solids have been lifted from the floor. From the cloud height estimate, the concentration of solids near the vessel floor and the minimum velocity predicted to lift solids can be calculated. The test objective was to observe the influence of vertically downward-directed jets on noncohesive solids in a series of scaled tanks with several bottom shapes. The test tanks and bottom shapes included small-and large-scale tanks with elliptical bottoms, a mid-scale tank with a spherical bottom, and a large-scale tank with an F&D bottom. During testing, the downward-directed jets were operated in either a steady flow condition or a pulsed (periodic) flow condition. The mobilization of the solids resulting from the jets was evaluated based on: the motion/agitation of the particulate on the tank floor and the elevation the solids reach within the tank; the height the solids material reaches in the tank is referred to as the cloud height (HC).

  19. Jet Induced Supernovae-Hydrodynamics and Observational Consequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Khokhlov; Peter Hoeflich

    2000-11-01

    Core collapse supernovae (SN) are the final stages of stellar evolution in massive stars during which the central region collapses, forms a neutron star (NS), and the outer layers are ejected. Recent explosion scenarios assumed that the ejection is due to energy deposition by neutrinos into the envelope but detailed models do not produce powerful explosions. There is mounting evidence for an asphericity in the SN which is difficult to explain within this picture. This evidence includes the observed high polarization, pulsar kicks, high velocity iron-group and intermediate-mass elements material observed in remnants, etc. The discovery of highly magnetars revived the idea that the basic mechanism for the ejection of the envelope is related to a highly focused MHD-jet formed at the NS. Our 3-D hydro simulations of the jet propagation through the star confirmed that the mechanism can explain the asphericities. In this paper, detailed 3-D models for jet induced explosions of "classical" core collapse supernovae are presented. We demonstrate the influence of the jet properties and of the underlaying progenitor structure on the final density and chemical structure. Finally, we discuss the observational consequences, predictions and tests of this scenario.

  20. Nonlinear Dynamics of Coiling in Viscoelastic Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trushant Majmudar; Matthieu Varagnat; William Hartt; Gareth McKinley

    2010-12-09

    Instabilities in free surface continuous jets of non-Newtonian fluids, although relevant for many industrial processes, remain less well understood in terms of fundamental fluid dynamics. Inviscid, and viscous Newtonian jets have been studied in great detail; buckling instability in viscous jets leads to regular periodic coiling of the jet that exhibits a non-trivial frequency dependence with the height of the fall. Very few experimental or theoretical studies exist for continuous viscoelastic jets beyond the onset of the first instability. Here, we present a systematic study of the effects of viscoelasticity on the dynamics of free surface continuous jets of surfactant solutions that form worm-like micelles. We observe complex nonlinear spatio-temporal dynamics of the jet and uncover a transition from periodic to doubly-periodic or quasi-periodic to a multi-frequency, possibly chaotic dynamics. Beyond this regime, the jet dynamics smoothly crosses over to exhibit the "leaping shampoo effect" or the Kaye effect. This enables us to view seemingly disparate jetting dynamics as one coherent picture of successive instabilities and transitions between them. We identify the relevant scaling variables as the dimensionless height, flow rate, and the elasto-gravity number and present a regime map of the dynamics of the jet in terms of these parameters.

  1. QCD resummation for light-particle jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsiang-nan Li; Zhao Li; C. -P. Yuan

    2013-04-08

    We construct an evolution equation for the invariant-mass distribution of light-quark and gluon jets in the framework of QCD resummation. The solution of the evolution equation exhibits a behavior consistent with Tevatron CDF data: the jet distribution vanishes in the small invariant-mass limit, and its peak moves toward the high invariant-mass region with the jet energy. We also construct an evolution equation for the energy profile of the light-quark and gluon jets in the similar framework. The solution shows that the energy accumulates faster within a light-quark jet cone than within a gluon jet cone. The jet energy profile convoluted with hard scattering and parton distribution functions matches well with the Tevatron CDF and the large-hadron-collider (LHC) CMS data. Moreover, comparison with the CDF and CMS data implies that jets with large (small) transverse momentum are mainly composed of the light-quark (gluon) jets. At last, we discuss the application of the above solutions for the light-particle jets to the identification of highly-boosted heavy particles produced at LHC.

  2. UNIT COSTS fot ARMY FACILITIES -MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PAX NEWSLETTER NO. 3.2.2, dated 30 Mar 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    ENGLISH UNIT COSTS fot ARMY FACILITIES - MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PAX NEWSLETTER NO. 3.2.2, dated 30-Service Military Construction Program (MCP) Index, and Table 1, Size Adjustment Factors, contained in TM 5-800-4, Programming Cost Estimates for Military Construction, dated May 1994. It may be used as a guide

  3. Advanced Thermally Stable Jet Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. Boehman; C. Song; H. H. Schobert; M. M. Coleman; P. G. Hatcher; S. Eser

    1998-01-01

    The Penn State program in advanced thermally stable jet fuels has five components: 1) development of mechanisms of degradation and solids formation; 2) quantitative measurement of growth of sub-micrometer and micrometer-sized particles during thermal stressing; 3) characterization of carbonaceous deposits by various instrumental and microscopic methods; 4) elucidation of the role of additives in retarding the formation of carbonaceous solids; and 5) assessment of the potential of producing high yields of cycloalkanes and hydroaromatics from coal.

  4. Leptophobic boson signals with leptons, jets and missing energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobrescu, Bogdan A

    2015-01-01

    Color-singlet gauge bosons with renormalizable couplings to quarks but not to leptons must interact with additional fermions ("anomalons") required to cancel the gauge anomalies. Analyzing the decays of such leptophobic bosons into anomalons, I show that they produce final states involving leptons at the LHC. Resonant production of a flavor-universal leptophobic $Z'$ boson leads to cascade decays via anomalons, whose signatures include a leptonically decaying $Z$, missing energy and several jets. A $Z'$ boson that couples to the right-handed quarks of the first and second generations undergoes cascade decays that violate lepton universality and include signals with two leptons and jets, or with a Higgs boson, a lepton, a $W$ and missing energy.

  5. Fluid jet electric discharge source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bender, Howard A. (Ripon, CA)

    2006-04-25

    A fluid jet or filament source and a pair of coaxial high voltage electrodes, in combination, comprise an electrical discharge system to produce radiation and, in particular, EUV radiation. The fluid jet source is composed of at least two serially connected reservoirs, a first reservoir into which a fluid, that can be either a liquid or a gas, can be fed at some pressure higher than atmospheric and a second reservoir maintained at a lower pressure than the first. The fluid is allowed to expand through an aperture into a high vacuum region between a pair of coaxial electrodes. This second expansion produces a narrow well-directed fluid jet whose size is dependent on the size and configuration of the apertures and the pressure used in the reservoir. At some time during the flow of the fluid filament, a high voltage pulse is applied to the electrodes to excite the fluid to form a plasma which provides the desired radiation; the wavelength of the radiation being determined by the composition of the fluid.

  6. VELOCITY FIELD OF A ROUND TURBULENT TRANSVERSE JET Suman Muppidi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahesh, Krishnan

    - bulent jet in a laminar crossflow. The velocity ratio is 5.7 and the Reynolds number is 5000. Mean Jets in crossflow, also called `transverse jets' are defined as the flow field where a jet of fluid enters and interacts with a crossflowing fluid. Examples of jets in crossflow are fuel injectors

  7. CDF/PHYS/JET/PUBLIC/7898 Page 1 of 12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Field, Richard

    CDF/PHYS/JET/PUBLIC/7898 Page 1 of 12 Jet Physics and the Underlying Event at the Tevatron Rick, Florida, 32611, USA Abstract: Tevatron Run 2 results on the inclusive jet cross section (MidPoint and KT algorithm) and the b-jet and bb ­jet cross section (MidPoint algorithm) are presented and compared

  8. CDF/PUB/JET/PUBLIC/7728 Page 1 of 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Field, Richard

    CDF/PUB/JET/PUBLIC/7728 Page 1 of 6 JET PHYSICS IN RUN 2 AT CDF Rick Field1 (for the CDF Run 2 results on the inclusive jet cross section (KT algorithm) and the b-jet cross section (Mid the direction of the leading jet to isolate regions of - space that are very sensitive to the "beam

  9. In Situ Jet Energy Calibration In Atlas Based On

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hupkes, Hermen Jan

    In Situ Jet Energy Calibration In Atlas Based On Z+Jet Events By Hermen Jan Hupkes 252 Ge; IN SITU JET ENERGY CALIBRATION IN ATLAS BASED ON Z+JET EVENTS Hermen Jan Hupkes Mathematisch Instituut #12; #12; Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 The Atlas Detector 7 3 Jet Measurements in Atlas 11 3

  10. In Situ Jet Energy Calibration In Atlas Based On

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hupkes, Hermen Jan

    In Situ Jet Energy Calibration In Atlas Based On Z+Jet Events By Hermen Jan Hupkes 252 Ge SITU JET ENERGY CALIBRATION IN ATLAS BASED ON Z+JET EVENTS Hermen Jan Hupkes Mathematisch Instituut #12;#12;Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 The Atlas Detector 7 3 Jet Measurements in Atlas 11 3

  11. Turbulent fluid jet excavation in cohesive soil : with particular application to jet grouting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Chu Eu

    2005-01-01

    This thesis reviews the jet grouting methodology, and the current state of practice and research. Current methods of prediction of jet grout diameters are highly empirical and site specific, and do not take into account ...

  12. Studies of jet mass in dijet and W/Z + jet events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Benelli, Gabriele; Kenny, R. P. III; Murray, Michael J.; Noonan, Danny; Sanders, Stephen J.; Stringer, Robert W.; Tinti, Gemma; Wood, Jeffrey Scott; Chatrchyan, S.; Khachatryan, V.; Sirunyan, A. M.; Tumasyan, A.; Adam, W.; Aguilo, E.; Bergauer, T.

    2013-05-17

    Invariant mass spectra for jets reconstructed using the anti-k T and CambridgeAachen algorithms are studied for different jet “grooming” techniques in data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5 fb(?1), recorded with the CMS detector...

  13. Radio polarization study in protostellar jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cécere, Mariana; Araudo, Anabella T; De Colle, Fabio; Esquivel, Alejandro; Carrasco-González, Carlos; Rodríguez, Luis F

    2015-01-01

    Synchrotron radiation is commonly observed associated with shocks of different velocities, ranging from relativistic shocks associated with, e.g., active galactic nuclei, gamma-ray bursts or microquasars to weakly- or non-relativistic flows as those observed e.g. in supernovae and supernova remnants. Recent observations of polarization in protostellar jets are important not only because they extend the range over which the acceleration process works, but also because they allow to measure directly the jet and interstellar magnetic field structure and intensity, thus giving insights on the jet ejection mechanism itself. In this paper, we compute for the first time polarized (synchrotron) and non polarized (thermal-X-ray) synthetic emission maps from axisymmetrical simulations of magnetized protostellar jets. We consider models with different jet velocities and variability, as well as models with toroidal or helical magnetic field. Our simulations show that variable, low-density jets with velocities ~ 1000km/s ...

  14. Jet impact on a soap film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geoffroy Kirstetter; Christophe Raufaste; Franck Celestini

    2012-08-17

    We experimentally investigate the impact of a liquid jet on a soap film. We observe that the jet never breaks the film and that two qualitatively different steady regimes may occur. The first one is a refraction-like behavior obtained at small incidence angles when the jet crosses the film and is deflected by the film-jet interaction. For larger incidence angles, the jet is absorbed by the film, giving rise to a new class of flow in which the jet undulates along the film with a characteristic wavelength. Besides its fundamental interest, this study presents a new way to guide a micro-metric flow of liquid in the inertial regime and to probe foam stability submitted to violent perturbations at the soap film scale.

  15. Experimental treatment of Quark and Gluon Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sona Pochybova

    2011-07-01

    The separate study of quark and gluon jets is vital for the interpretation of multiple variables behaviour observed in both high-energy hadron and heavy-ion collisions in the present and future experiments. We propose a set of jet-energy dependent cuts to be used to distinguish between quark and gluon jets experimentally based on a Monte-Carlo study of their properties. Further, we introduce the possibility to calibrate these cuts via gamma-jet and multi-jet events, which represent clean production channels for quark and gluon jets, respectively. The calibration can happen on real data and thus, reduces the dependence of the method performance on Monte-Carlo model predictions.

  16. Sale of US military aircraft to Saudi Arabia. Master`s thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bents, E.R.

    1995-05-01

    The end of the Cold War in the late 1980s resulted in a gigantic downsizing and consolidation of America`s defense industries, as domestic demand plummeted and the volume of international arms trading fell. However, in total world arms exports the United States exports more arms than any other nation. The country of Saudi Arabia has been the destination of a disproportionate amount of these weapons. The following account is an examination of the US military aerospace industry, the world military aerospace market, US government policy concerning arms exports, and the Saudi aerospace market. Each of these entities profoundly impacts US-Saudi military aerospace commerce. By individually analyzing the above factors, it will be demonstrated that the supply relationship between the US and Saudi Arabia is dependent on the convergence of several long standing and deep seated aspirations on the part of the three major players: the US Aerospace Industry, the US Government, and the Saudi Government. The US military aerospace industry`s exports are critical to ensure its independent survival, help fund crucial RD programs, and maintain a viable defense high tech industrial base in the U.S. In addition, it wishes to exert a military presence in the Gulf area and nurture relations with Saudi Arabia in particular, as the world`s leading oil producer. The Saudi government requires a military defense anchored in high tech aerospace systems, as well as a dependable and capable military ally such as the US.

  17. Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas Exploration and reserves, storage, imports and...

  18. Coupling of twin rectangular supersonic jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raman, G.; Taghavi, Ray

    1998-01-01

    J. Fluid Mech. (1998), vol. 354, pp. 123{146. Printed in the United Kingdom c? 1998 Cambridge University Press 123 Coupling of twin rectangular supersonic jets By GANESH RAMAN 1 AND RAY TAGHAVI 2 1 NYMA, Inc., Experimental Fluid Dynamics Section... on twin supersonic jets that screech at a discrete frequency. The present fundamental research program on twin-jet coupling was undertaken to resolve numerous issues underlined by Tam & Seiner (1987), and Morris (1990). Tam & Seiner (1987) pointed...

  19. Nonlinear compressions in merging plasma jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Messer, S.; Case, A.; Wu, L.; Brockington, S.; Witherspoon, F. D.

    2013-03-15

    We investigate the dynamics of merging supersonic plasma jets using an analytic model. The merging structures exhibit supersonic, nonlinear compressions which may steepen into full shocks. We estimate the distance necessary to form such shocks and the resulting jump conditions. These theoretical models are compared to experimental observations and simulated dynamics. We also use those models to extrapolate behavior of the jet-merging compressions in a Plasma Jet Magneto-Inertial Fusion reactor.

  20. Jets, frames, and their Cartan geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Grasseau

    2006-03-24

    Jets frames, that is a generalisation of ordinary frames on a manifold, are described in a language similar to that of gauge theory. This is achieved by constructing the Cartan geometry of a manifold with respect to the diffeomorphism symmetry. This point of vue allows to give new insights and interpretations in the theory of jet frames, in particular by making an interpolation between ordinary gauge theory concepts and pure jet ones.

  1. In-Medium Properties of Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuqiang Wang

    2007-07-05

    Modifications of jet-like azimuthal correlations have revealed novel properties of the medium created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Experimental results on jet-like 2- and 3-particle correlations, specificly "punch-through" at high transverse momentum, broadening at low and modest transverse momentum, and particularly the possible experimental evidence for conical flow, are reviewed. Future prospects of jet-like correlations and their physics potential are discussed.

  2. Simple scaling laws for astrophysical jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Huarte-Espinosa; S. Mendoza

    2006-07-15

    The idea of a unified model for all astrophysical jets has been considered for quite some time. We present here a few scaling laws relevant to all type of astrophysical jets, analogous to those of \\citet{sams96} which are widely used for astrophysical black holes. We use Buckingham's $ \\Pi $ theorem of dimensional analysis to obtain a family of dimensional relations among the physical quantities associated to astrophysical jets.

  3. Influence of eddydriven jet latitude on North Atlantic jet persistence and blocking frequency in CMIP3 integrations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Dennis

    Influence of eddydriven jet latitude on North Atlantic jet persistence and blocking frequency Atlantic jet latitude is analyzed in 45 CMIP3 integrations. It is demonstrated that models that place the jet equatorward of its observed position have more positively skewed jet latitude distributions, while

  4. Radio Jets and Galaxies as Cosmic String Probes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fa-bo Feng

    2012-07-17

    The lensing effect of a cosmic string is studied, and some new methods are proposed to detect the cosmic string. The technique for using jets as extended gravitational lensing probes was firstly explored by Kronberg. We use the "alignment-breaking parameter" $ \\eta_G $ as a sensitive indicator of gravitational distortion by a wiggly cosmic string. Then, we applied the non-constant deflection angle to jets, and $ \\eta_G $ of a specific jet is just related to the projected slope of the jet. At least three jets in the sample of Square Kilometer Array (SKA) would have significant signals ($ \\eta_G >10^\\circ $) if the wiggly infinite cosmic string existed. The distortion of elliptical object is also studied and used to do a statistical research on directions of axes and ellipticities of galaxies. In the direction of the string, we find that galaxies appear to be more elliptical for an observer and the distribution of apparent ellipticity changes correspondingly. Ellipticity distribution of current SDSS spiral sample has the signal-to-noise ratio up to 8.48 which is large enough for astronomical observations. The future survey, such as Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) and Dark Energy Survey (DES), would weaken the requirement of special geometry in the data processing. As a result, all kinds of distributions, including ellipticity axis distribution, would serve as probes to detect wiggly strings in the near future. In brief, if a wiggly cosmic string existed, these signals would be convenient to be observed with the future weak lensing survey or other surveys in deep space. If there was no lensing signal in these distributions, it would give the upper limit of the abundance of infinite strings.

  5. Increasing jet entrainment, mixing and spreading

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farrington, R.B.

    1994-08-16

    A free jet of air is disturbed at a frequency that substantially matches natural turbulences in the free jet to increase the entrainment, mixing, and spreading of air by the free jet, for example in a room or other enclosure. The disturbances are created by pulsing the flow of air that creates the free jet at the desired frequency. Such pulsing of the flow of air can be accomplished by sequentially occluding and opening a duct that confines and directs the flow of air, such as by rotating a disk on an axis transverse to the flow of air in the duct. 11 figs.

  6. Jet energy calibration at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartzman, Ariel

    2015-01-01

    Jets are one of the most prominent physics signatures of high energy proton proton (p-p) collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). They are key physics objects for precision measurements and searches for new phenomena. This review provides an overview of the reconstruction and calibration of jets at the LHC during its first Run. ATLAS and CMS developed different approaches for the reconstruction of jets, but use similar methods for the energy calibration. ATLAS reconstructs jets utilizing input signals from their calorimeters and use charged particle tracks to refine their energy measurement and suppress the effects of multiple p-p interactions (pileup). CMS, instead, combines calorimeter and tracking information to build jets from particle flow objects. Jets are calibrated using Monte Carlo (MC) simulations and a residual in situ calibration derived from collision data is applied to correct for the differences in jet response between data and Monte Carlo. Large samples of dijet, Z+jets, and photon+jet e...

  7. LO, NLO, LO* and jet algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Huston

    2010-01-14

    The impact of NLO corrections, and in particular, the role of jet algorithms, is examined for a variety of processes at the Tevatron and LHC.

  8. Jet substructures of boosted polarized top quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshio Kitadono; Hsiang-nan Li

    2014-09-05

    We study jet substructures of a boosted polarized top quark, which undergoes the semileptonic decay $t\\to b\\ell\

  9. Observable jets from the BFKL chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Kwiecinski; C. A. M. Lewis; A. D. Martin

    1996-06-19

    We derive a modified form of the BFKL equation which enables the structure of the gluon emissions to be studied in small $x$ deep inelastic scattering. The equation incorporates the resummation of the virtual and unresolved real gluon emissions. We solve the equation to calculate the number of small $x$ deep-inelastic events containing 0,1,2 ...resolved gluon jets, that is jets with transverse momenta $q_{T} > \\mu$. We study the jet decomposition for different choices of the jet resolution parameter $\\mu$.

  10. Increasing jet entrainment, mixing and spreading

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farrington, Robert B. (Wheatridge, CO)

    1994-01-01

    A free jet of air is disturbed at a frequency that substantially matches natural turbulences in the free jet to increase the entrainment, mixing, and spreading of air by the free jet, for example in a room or other enclosure. The disturbances are created by pulsing the flow of air that creates the free jet at the desired frequency. Such pulsing of the flow of air can be accomplished by sequentially occluding and opening a duct that confines and directs the flow of air, such as by rotating a disk on an axis transverse to the flow of air in the duct.

  11. Any Base USA: The Significance of Military Culture in the Construction of Identity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Girard, Jessica Nichole

    2014-05-02

    if they are enrolled full time in a university or college. Military children- Children who are living with their active duty military parent at the parent’s current duty station. Emerging adulthood is a time when individuals have left the dependency of childhood... and adolescence, but have not yet entered the enduring responsibilities that are normative of adulthood (Arnett 2000). Deployment- This is the period when the active duty service member is away from the family due to military obligations PCS- Permanent Change...

  12. Experimental Investigation of Jet Mixing of a Co-Flow Jet Airfoil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zha, Gecheng

    role in mixing the CFJ with mainflow to transport high kinetic energy from the jet to mainflow so-barrier discharge plasma actuators [9, 10]. However, at present, both ZNMF synthetic jets and plasma actuators net mass flux m Jet mass flow rate u,v,w Velocity components in x-, y-, and z-direction V Velocity

  13. Drying characteristics of slot jet reattachment nozzle and comparison with a slot jet nozzle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alam, Syed Aftab

    1998-01-01

    Slot Jet Reattachment (SJR) nozzle is an extension of hics.the Radial Jet Reattachment (RJR) concept used to provide high heat and mass transfer while allowing for the control of flow exerted force on the reattachment surface. The SJR is a slot jet...

  14. Detailed characterization of jets in heavy ion collisions using jet fragmentation functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Frank Teng

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis the jet fragmentation function of inclusive jets with transverse momentum PT > 100 GeV/c in PbPb collisions is measured for reconstructed charged particles with PT > 1 GeV/c within the jet cone. A data sample ...

  15. Numerical investigation of a transient free jet resembling a laser-produced vapor jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budair, Mohammed Omar

    Numerical investigation of a transient free jet resembling a laser-produced vapor jet G.M. Arshed, S.Z. Shuja, B.S. Yilbas *, M.O. Budair Department of Mechanical Engineering, King Fahd University in revised form 29 July 2003 Abstract In the present study, the transiently developing free jet emanating

  16. AIAA Paper 2006-0102 Analysis of Jet Effects on Co-Flow Jet Airfoil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zha, Gecheng

    engine inlet j jet injection Freestream Greek Letters: Turbulent Dissipation Rate Ratio of SpecificAIAA Paper 2006-0102 Analysis of Jet Effects on Co-Flow Jet Airfoil Performance with Integrated Propulsion System Ge-Cheng Zha and Wei Gao Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering University of Miami

  17. NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF CHROMOSPHERIC ANEMONE JETS ASSOCIATED WITH MOVING MAGNETIC FEATURES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Liping; He, Jiansen; Tu, Chuanyi; Zhang, Lei; Peter, Hardi; Feng, Xueshang; Zhang, Shaohua

    2013-11-01

    Observations with the space-based solar observatory Hinode show that small-scale magnetic structures in the photosphere are found to be associated with a particular class of jets of plasma in the chromosphere called anemone jets. The goal of our study is to conduct a numerical experiment of such chromospheric anemone jets related to the moving magnetic features (MMFs). We construct a 2.5 dimensional numerical MHD model to describe the process of magnetic reconnection between the MMFs and the pre-existing ambient magnetic field, which is driven by the horizontal motion of the magnetic structure in the photosphere. We include thermal conduction parallel to the magnetic field and optically thin radiative losses in the corona to account for a self-consistent description of the evaporation process during the heating of the plasma due to the reconnection process. The motion of the MMFs leads to the expected jet and our numerical results can reproduce many observed characteristics of chromospheric anemone jets, topologically and quantitatively. As a result of the tearing instability, plasmoids are generated in the reconnection process that are consistent with the observed bright moving blobs in the anemone jets. An increase in the thermal pressure at the base of the jet is also driven by the reconnection, which induces a train of slow-mode shocks propagating upward. These shocks are a secondary effect, and only modulate the outflow of the anemone jet. The jet itself is driven by the energy input due to the reconnection of the MMFs and the ambient magnetic field.

  18. Convectively generated zonal jets by thunderstorms on Jupiter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xi Arthur; Showman, Adam

    2011-01-01

    which assumes the jet streams are the weather pattern con?is adopted to simulate the jet streams, espe- cially theThe wind direction of jet stream is alternating with

  19. Images in Emergency Medicine: Irritant Contact Dermatitis from Jet Fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trigger, Christopher C; Eilbert, Wesley

    2009-01-01

    and penetration of JP-8 jet fuel and its components. ToxicolContact Dermatitis from Jet Fuel Christopher C. Trigger, MDday. He reported spilling jet fuel on his right lower leg at

  20. MHD jet propagation in the case of DG Tau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaidya, Bhargav; Rubini, Francesco; de Colle, Fabio

    2010-01-01

    of art telescopes. Usually jets are observed in forbiddenlike SII, OII etc. One of the jet studied in great detailsis the DG Tau jet. (Lavalley-Fouquet et al. (2000), Dougados

  1. Jet Schemes and Truncated Wedge Schemes Cornelia O. Yuen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Karen E.

    Jet Schemes and Truncated Wedge Schemes by Cornelia O. Yuen A dissertation submitted in partial of jets and arcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.2 A higher dimension analog of arcs and jets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.3 History

  2. Jet maximization, axis minimization, and stable cone finding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thaler, Jesse

    Jet finding is a type of optimization problem, where hadrons from a high-energy collision event are grouped into jets based on a clustering criterion. As three interesting examples, one can form a jet cluster that (i) optimizes ...

  3. Effective Field Theory Techniques for Resummation in Jet Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunn, Nicholas Daniel

    2012-01-01

    QCD corrections to WW+jet production at hadron colliders.al. Substructure of high-p T Jets at the LHC. Phys. Rev. ,decorrelations between QCD jets at all orders. Phys.Lett. ,

  4. Quark Matter 2006: High-pt and jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Leeuwen, Marco

    2007-01-01

    Quark Matter 2006: High-p T and jets M van Leeuwen LawrenceT particle production and jets in heavy ion collisions fromp T particle production and jet-like correlations from Quark

  5. JETS OF NUCLEAR MATTER FROM HIGH ENERGY HEAVY ION COLLISIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stocker, H.

    2013-01-01

    be published. Table 1: The jet angle, ejet' relative to theof California. LBL~ll774 Jets of Nuclear Matter from Highreactions. Strongly correlated jets of nuclear matter are

  6. Systemsize dependence of associated yields in hadron-triggered jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abelev, Betty

    2010-01-01

    in hadron-triggered jets B.I.Abelev (STARCollaboration)yields in hadron-triggered jets B. I. Abelev 8 , M. M.+Au collisions reveal similar jet-like correlation yields at

  7. Neutralino relic density including coannihilations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paolo Gondolo; Joakim Edsjo

    1997-11-25

    We give an overview of our precise calculation of the relic density of the lightest neutralino, in which we included relativistic Boltzmann averaging, subthreshold and resonant annihilations, and coannihilation processes with charginos and neutralinos.

  8. Energy efficiency in military housing: Monitoring to support revitalization guidebook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levins, W.P.; Ternes, M.P.

    1994-11-01

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory is working with the US Army, the US Air Force, and the US Department of Energy to develop a guidebook to be used by architectural and engineering firms in the design phases of military family housing revitalization projects. The purpose of the guidebook is to ensure that energy efficiency is properly addressed in revitalization projects. Monitoring space-heating and cooling energy used in houses both before and after they are revitalized is necessary in order to assess the amount of energy saved by the revitalization process. Three different methods of conducting monitoring experiments are discussed, as well as the methods of data analysis to be used. Houses will be monitored individually using standard gas and electric meters to obtain heating and cooling data for the houses. The authors recommend conducting monitoring programs at Altus Air Force Base, Oklahoma, and Fort Monmouth, New Jersey, because of their project schedules and potential for savings. They do not recommend doing any monitoring at Malmstrom Air Force Base, Montana, because of the relatively small savings that they expect revitalization to accomplish there. They do not recommend seeking out alternative sites for monitoring because of the time required to become familiar with the installation and also because revitalization schedules at alternative sites may be no better than those at the sites they inspected.

  9. Corrosion investigation of coatings for surface protection of military hardware

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindsey, N.; Vasanth, K.L.

    1996-10-01

    A product improvement program (PIP) for the surface finish of some steel military hardware has been recently initiated by the Navy. Presently the metal cleaning methods, interior and exterior surface finishes and corrosion protection requirements for such hardware are specified in MIL-P-18948. The coated hardware are stored in a warehouse structure for long durations. Because these storage places are not environmentally controlled (that is, no temperature or humidity control) the corrosion protection has not been adequate. The exterior surfaces of the hardware are coated with a corrosion inhibiting alkyd primer coating (TT-P-664) or a rust inhibiting lacquer primer coating (MIL-P-11414) to a thickness of 0.4 to 0.6 mils. The exterior color paint, (MIL-E-52891 or MIL-P11195), is applied to a thickness of 1.5 mils. The investigation of various coatings to replace the present system is an ongoing effort. The coatings have been examined from a corrosion protection vantage point and results have been correlated. The coatings were evaluated by exposing them to natural marine atmosphere and seawater wetdown tests. The coatings were also exposed to a 5.0% sodium chloride solution in a laboratory environmental salt fog chamber for 500 hours. Selected coatings were examined using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). The results obtained from field tests, salt fog, and EIS measurements are discussed.

  10. Why Do Disks Form Jets?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D Lynden-Bell

    2002-03-27

    It is argued that jet modelers have given insufficient study to the natural magneto-static configurations of field wound up in the presence of a confining general pressure. Such fields form towers whose height grows with each twist at a velocity comparable to the circular velocity of the accretion disk that turns them. A discussion of the generation of such towers is preceded by a brief history of the idea that quasars, active galaxies, and galactic nuclei contain giant black holes with accretion disks.

  11. Electrocodeposition of nanoparticle composite films using an impinging jet electrode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborne, Steven J.

    2006-01-01

    Particles by Jet Electroplating,” Materials Transactions,of the Impinging Jet Electroplating System……………………….. 3.1Design………………………………………….. 3.5 Electroplating Cell

  12. Interpretation of ageostrophic winds and implications for jet stream maintenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    Interpretation of ageostrophic winds and implications for jet stream maintenance Article Published Version Blackburn, M. (1985) Interpretation of ageostrophic winds and implications for jet stream

  13. Fragmentation, underlying event and jet shapes at the Tevatron...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: Fragmentation, underlying event and jet shapes at the Tevatron Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Fragmentation, underlying event and jet shapes at the Tevatron...

  14. Boron nitride ablation studies in arc jet facilities (Conference...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Boron nitride ablation studies in arc jet facilities Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Boron nitride ablation studies in arc jet facilities You are accessing a document...

  15. MEASUREMENTS OF JET VELOCITY IN UNSTRATIFIED AND STRATIFIED FLUIDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Civil Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology February 2000 #12;MEASUREMENTS OF JET VELOCITYMEASUREMENTS OF JET VELOCITY IN UNSTRATIFIED AND STRATIFIED FLUIDS A Thesis Presented

  16. 17.953 U.S. Military Budget and Force Planning, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Cindy

    The United States is spending about $400 billion this year on national defense, some $40 billion on homeland security, and $85 billion on military operations and nation-building in Iraq and Afghanistan. This course is for ...

  17. Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (970) 491-2748 cemml@cemml.colostate.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to provide training realism while minimizing risk to natural and cultural resources. Damage repair and Reconfiguration CEMML staff work closely with military trainers and installation staff to reconfigure training

  18. Politicized armies, militarized politics : civil-military relations in Turkey and Greece

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liaras, Evangelos

    2007-01-01

    Despite their common Ottoman heritage, Greece and Turkey have diverged widely in their modem history of civil-military relations. The armed forces have a long record of intervention in both countries, but there is a crucial ...

  19. Post-Traumatic Stress Innovations: U.S. Military Enterprise Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nightingale, Deborah

    2011-01-26

    This presentation covers the analysis of policy formulation in the U.S. Military health enterprise, the process for feedback between research and care delivery, and the enterprise interview for current state analysis.

  20. Puritan Military Justice: American War Crimes and the Global War on Terrorism 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenzo, Ronald

    2012-07-16

    Exploring Puritanical cultural habits in the 21st century American military, the following study focuses on U.S. Army courts-martial in the Global War on Terrorism. The study uses Emile Durkheim's original sociological ...

  1. Implementing technical transitions through schedule-based policy : insights from the Military's Airborne Tactical Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohrbach, Amanda K. (Amanda Kaye)

    2013-01-01

    Due to a need for congestion relief, as well as a projected increase in capacity constraints, the US Military's Airborne Tactical Network (ATN) is at the onset of a technical transition of their communication hardware and ...

  2. Regime legitimacy and military resilience : lessons from World War II and Yugoslavia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Jacob Hale

    2008-01-01

    This thesis argues that regime legitimacy creates military resilience. A regime is legitimate when its constituents believe-whether because of ideological solidarity, patriotism, nationalism, or good governance-that a ...

  3. Borderland Intimacies: GIs, Koreans, and American Military Landscapes in Cold War Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Whitney Taejin

    2010-01-01

    1994. Fischer, Hannah. “American War and Military OperationsThe Origins of the Korean War: Liberation and the EmergenceThe Origins of the Korean War: The Roaring of the Cataracts,

  4. ErikaCheck,Washington Scientists at a military medical facility in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ErikaCheck,Washington Scientists at a military medical facility in Washington DC have lashed out on the campus of the Walter Reed Army Medical Center and at several smaller facilities in the Washington area

  5. Outlook of the Officers: Military Thought in Chile, 1960-1990

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bawden, John Richard

    2009-01-01

    balance of power strongly favored Peru and Argentina. Thismilitary balance of power in favor of Peru and Argentina andBrazil, Argentina, and Peru’ s militaries seized power from

  6. A comparative study of the life satisfaction of early retirement military officers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, Russ Thomas

    2005-11-01

    This study compared the life satisfaction of early retirement military officers with several comparison groups on the basis of Retirement Descriptive Index (RDI) scale scores. The RDI is a self-report instrument that ...

  7. Military Voting and the Law: Procedural and Technological Solutions to the Ballot Transit Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, R. Michael

    2007-03-08

    During the 2000 presidential election controversy in Florida, the ballots submitted by individuals living overseas—especially military voters—were seen as crucial to the election outcome as the margin of potential victory ...

  8. The Legal-Military Dilemma in the Response to International Terrorism 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Matthew W.

    2010-07-14

    of Department, James Rogers December 2009 Major Subject: Political Science iii ABSTRACT The Legal-Military Dilemma in the Response to International Terrorism. (December 2009) Matthew Wesley Allan, B.A., Carleton College; J.D., The University...

  9. Demographic study of military selection in the state of Ohio, 1917-1919 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saberian, Michael Reza

    2006-04-12

    groups or activities at a specific military base. Nancy Gentile Ford?s American?s All examines the assimilative activities at Camp Gordon, Georgia where conscripts from various ethnic enclaves underwent a program of acculturation. Christopher Sterba...

  10. Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (970) 491-2748 cemml@cemml.colostate.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and frequency · Woody plant density and basal area · Plant productivity · Disturbance and land uses, disturbance, soil erosion, and wildlife on military installations as part of the Land Condition-Trend Analysis

  11. EA-1606: Proposed Use of Savannah River Site Lands for Military Training, South Carolina

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal for the Department of Defense and Department of Homeland Security to use the Savannah River Site, near Aiken, South Carolina, for military training purposes.

  12. Francis H. Smith: architect of antebellum southern military schools and educational reform 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wineman, Bradford Alexander

    2006-10-30

    This study examines the historical significance of the Virginia Military Institute�s (VMI) first superintendent, Francis Henney Smith, and his influence not only at his home institution but also on his broader social, educational, and political...

  13. EM Employee Serves Military in Afghanistan, Manages $5.8 Billion Army Task Order

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    BAGRAM AIRFIELD, Afghanistan – EM employee James Hawkins is currently serving the U.S. military in Afghanistan, where he is administering a $5.8 billion task order for the Army.

  14. Viscous boundary layers of radiation-dominated, relativistic jets. II. The free-streaming jet model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coughlin, Eric R

    2015-01-01

    We analyze the interaction of a radiation-dominated jet and its surroundings using the equations of radiation hydrodynamics in the viscous limit. In a previous paper we considered the two-stream scenario, which treats the jet and its surroundings as distinct media interacting through radiation viscous forces. Here we present an alternative boundary layer model, known as the free-streaming jet model -- where a narrow stream of fluid is injected into a static medium -- and present solutions where the flow is ultrarelativistic and the boundary layer is dominated by radiation. It is shown that these jets entrain material from their surroundings and that their cores have a lower density of scatterers and a harder spectrum of photons, leading to observational consequences for lines of sight that look "down the barrel of the jet." These jetted outflow models may be applicable to the jets produced during long gamma-ray bursts and super-Eddington phases of tidal disruption events.

  15. A review of "English Military News Pamphlets, 1513-1637" by David Randall 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenspan, Nicole

    2013-01-01

    , and the importance of pursuing the con?ict. In turn, each of these characteristics was tied to contemporary conceptions of truth and credibility. ?e collection comprises a total of ?fteen texts spanning the years ???? to ? ??. It begins with two pamphlets... on Anglo-Scottish military con?icts during the reign of Henry VIII. ?e ?rst, Hereafter ensue the trewe encountre, is the earliest extant printed military news pamphlet and treats the battle of Flodden Field in ????. ?e second pamphlet, published...

  16. Military Construction Appropriations and Emergency Hurricane Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2005 (released in AEO2005)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2005-01-01

    H.R. 4837, The Military Construction Appropriations and Emergency Hurricane Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2005, was signed into law on October 13, 2004. The Act provides for construction to support the operations of the U.S. Armed Forces and for military family housing. It also provides funds to help citizens in Florida and elsewhere in the aftermath of multiple hurricanes and other natural disasters. In addition, it authorizes construction of an Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline.

  17. Acting alone: U.S. unilateral uses of force, military revolutions, and hegemonic stability theory 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podliska, Bradley Florian

    2009-06-02

    -1 ACTING ALONE: U.S. UNILATERAL USES OF FORCE, MILITARY REVOLUTIONS, AND HEGEMONIC STABILITY THEORY A Dissertation by BRADLEY FLORIAN PODLISKA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2007 Major Subject: Political Science ACTING ALONE: U.S. UNILATERAL USES OF FORCE, MILITARY REVOLUTIONS, AND HEGEMONIC STABILITY THEORY A Dissertation...

  18. Jet propulsion without inertia Saverio E. Spagnoliea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauga, Eric

    fluid through pores at its surface. We consider this mechanism of jet propulsion without inertiaJet propulsion without inertia Saverio E. Spagnoliea and Eric Laugab Department of Mechanical corrected 23 August 2010 A body immersed in a highly viscous fluid can locomote by drawing in and expelling

  19. Prediction of Jet Noise Shielding Dimitri Papamoschou*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papamoschou, Dimitri

    Prediction of Jet Noise Shielding Dimitri Papamoschou* University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA This study is motivated by the development of aircraft that use jet noise shielding by the airframe. Current methods to predict shielding from aircraft surfaces rely on formulae developed

  20. Recollimation Shocks in Magnetized Relativistic Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yosuke Mizuno; Jose L. Gomez; Ken-Ichi Nishikawa; Athina Meli; Philip E. Hardee; Luciano Rezzolla

    2015-06-19

    We have performed two-dimensional special-relativistic magnetohydrodynamic simulations of non-equilibrium over-pressured relativistic jets in cylindrical geometry. Multiple stationary recollimation shock and rarefaction structures are produced along the jet by the nonlinear interaction of shocks and rarefaction waves excited at the interface between the jet and the surrounding ambient medium. Although initially the jet is kinematically dominated, we have considered axial, toroidal and helical magnetic fields to investigate the effects of different magnetic-field topologies and strengths on the recollimation structures. We find that an axial field introduces a larger effective gas-pressure and leads to stronger recollimation shocks and rarefactions, resulting in larger flow variations. The jet boost grows quadratically with the initial magnetic field. On the other hand, a toroidal field leads to weaker recollimation shocks and rarefactions, modifying significantly the jet structure after the first recollimation rarefaction and shock. The jet boost decreases systematically. For a helical field, instead, the behaviour depends on the magnetic pitch, with a phenomenology that ranges between the one seen for axial and toroidal magnetic fields, respectively. In general, however, a helical magnetic field yields a more complex shock and rarefaction substructure close to the inlet that significantly modifies the jet structure. The differences in shock structure resulting from different field configurations and strengths may have observable consequences for disturbances propagating through a stationary recollimation shock.

  1. VLBA AND CHANDRA OBSERVATIONS OF JETS IN FRI RADIO GALAXIES: CONSTRAINTS ON JET EVOLUTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kharb, P.; O'Dea, C. P.; Tilak, A.; Baum, S. A.; Haynes, E.; Noel-Storr, J.; Fallon, C.; Christiansen, K.

    2012-07-20

    We present here the results from new Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) observations at 1.6 and 5 GHz of 19 galaxies of a complete sample of 21 Uppasala General Catalog (UGC) Fanaroff-Riley type I (FRI) radio galaxies. New Chandra data of two sources, viz., UGC 00408 and UGC 08433, are combined with the Chandra archival data of 13 sources. The 5 GHz observations of 10 'core-jet' sources are polarization-sensitive, while the 1.6 GHz observations constitute second-epoch total intensity observations of nine 'core-only' sources. Polarized emission is detected in the jets of seven sources at 5 GHz, but the cores are essentially unpolarized, except in M87. Polarization is detected at the jet edges in several sources, and the inferred magnetic field is primarily aligned with the jet direction. This could be indicative of magnetic field 'shearing' due to jet-medium interaction, or the presence of helical magnetic fields. The jet peak intensity I{sub {nu}} falls with distance d from the core, following the relation, I{sub {nu}}{proportional_to}d{sup a} , where a is typically {approx} - 1.5. Assuming that adiabatic expansion losses are primarily responsible for the jet intensity 'dimming,' two limiting cases are considered: (1) the jet has a constant speed on parsec scales and is expanding gradually such that the jet radius r{proportional_to}d 0{sup .4}; this expansion is, however, unobservable in the laterally unresolved jets at 5 GHz, and (2) the jet is cylindrical and is accelerating on parsec scales. Accelerating parsec-scale jets are consistent with the phenomenon of 'magnetic driving' in Poynting-flux-dominated jets. While slow jet expansion as predicted by case (1) is indeed observed in a few sources from the literature that are resolved laterally, on scales of tens or hundreds of parsecs, case (2) cannot be ruled out in the present data, provided the jets become conical on scales larger than those probed by VLBA. Chandra observations of 15 UGC FRIs detect X-ray jets in 9 of them. The high frequency of occurrence of X-ray jets in this complete sample suggests that they are a signature of a ubiquitous process in FRI jets. It appears that the FRI jets start out relativistically on parsec scales but decelerate on kiloparsec scales, with the X-ray emission revealing the sites of bulk deceleration and particle reacceleration.

  2. JET FORMATION IN COUNTERSTREAMING COLLISIONLESS PLASMAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuramitsu, Y.; Sakawa, Y.; Takabe, H. [Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, 2-6 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Waugh, J. N.; Woolsey, N. [Department of Physics, University of York, York, YO10 5DD (United Kingdom); Gregory, C. D.; Koenig, M. [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, UMR 7605, CNRS, CEA, Universite Paris VI, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Morita, T.; Aoki, H. [Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, 1-1 Machikaneyama-cho, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan); Dono, S.; Tanji, H. [Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1, Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Loupias, B., E-mail: kuramitsu-y@ile.osaka-u.ac.j [CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France)

    2009-12-20

    Plasma jet formation was observed in counterstreaming plasmas in a laboratory experiment. In order to model an ambient plasma of astrophysical jets, the counterstreaming plasmas were created by irradiating a double CH-plane target with a high-power laser system. Since the mean free paths of the ions in terms of the counterstreaming motion were larger than the scale length of the experiment, the two-stream interaction of the plasmas was essentially collisionless. The time evolution of the jet collimation was obtained over several shots with different timing by shadowgraphy. When a single CH-plane target was irradiated, no jet collimation was observed. The counterstreaming plasma as an ambient plasma is essential for the jet plasma to collimate.

  3. Atmospheric-pressure plasma jet

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Selwyn, Gary S. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1999-01-01

    Atmospheric-pressure plasma jet. A .gamma.-mode, resonant-cavity plasma discharge that can be operated at atmospheric pressure and near room temperature using 13.56 MHz rf power is described. Unlike plasma torches, the discharge produces a gas-phase effluent no hotter than 250.degree. C. at an applied power of about 300 W, and shows distinct non-thermal characteristics. In the simplest design, two concentric cylindrical electrodes are employed to generate a plasma in the annular region therebetween. A "jet" of long-lived metastable and reactive species that are capable of rapidly cleaning or etching metals and other materials is generated which extends up to 8 in. beyond the open end of the electrodes. Films and coatings may also be removed by these species. Arcing is prevented in the apparatus by using gas mixtures containing He, which limits ionization, by using high flow velocities, and by properly shaping the rf-powered electrode. Because of the atmospheric pressure operation, no ions survive for a sufficiently long distance beyond the active plasma discharge to bombard a workpiece, unlike low-pressure plasma sources and conventional plasma processing methods.

  4. A Comprehensive Program for Measurement of Military Aircraft Emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, Mengdawn

    2009-11-01

    Emissions of gases and particulate matter by military aircraft were characterized inplume by 'extractive' and 'optical remote-sensing (ORS)' technologies. Non-volatile particle size distribution, number and mass concentrations were measured with good precision and reproducibly. Time-integrated particulate filter samples were collected and analyzed for smoke number, elemental composition, carbon contents, and sulfate. Observed at EEP the geometric mean diameter (as measured by the mobility diameter) generally increased as the engine power setting increased, which is consistent with downstream observations. The modal diameters at the downstream locations are larger than that at EEP at the same engine power level. The results indicate that engine particles were processed by condensation, for example, leading to particle growth in-plume. Elemental analysis indicated little metals were present in the exhaust, while most of the exhaust materials in the particulate phase were carbon and sulfate (in the JP-8 fuel). CO, CO{sub 2}, NO, NO{sub 2}, SO{sub 2}, HCHO, ethylene, acetylene, propylene, and alkanes were measured. The last five species were most noticeable under engine idle condition. The levels of hydrocarbons emitted at high engine power level were generally below the detection limits. ORS techniques yielded real-time gaseous measurement, but the same techniques could not be extended directly to ultrafine particles found in all engine exhausts. The results validated sampling methodology and measurement techniques used for non-volatile particulate aircraft emissions, which also highlighted the needs for further research on sampling and measurement for volatile particulate matter and semi-volatile species in the engine exhaust especially at the low engine power setting.

  5. Protein and microRNA biomarkers from lavage, urine, and serum in military personnel evaluated for dyspnea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Joseph N. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Brewer, Heather M. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Nicora, Carrie D. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Weitz, Karl K. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Morris, Michael J. [San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, TX (United States); Skabelund, Andrew J. [San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, TX (United States); Adkins, Joshua N. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Smith, Richard D. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Cho, Ji -Hoon [Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA (United States); Gelinas, Richard [Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA (United States)

    2014-10-05

    Background: We have identified candidate protein and microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers for dyspnea by studying serum, lavage fluid, and urine from military personnel who reported serious respiratory symptoms after they were deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. Methods: Forty-seven soldiers with the complaint of dyspnea who enrolled in the STudy of Active Duty Military Personnel for Environmental Dust Exposure (STAMPEDE) underwent comprehensive pulmonary evaluations at the San Antonio Military Medical Center. The evaluation included fiber-optic bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage. The clinical findings from the STAMPEDE subjects pointed to seven general underlying diagnoses or findings including airway hyperreactivity, asthma, low diffusivity of carbon monoxide, and abnormal cell counts. The largest category was undiagnosed. As an exploratory study, not a classification study, we profiled proteins or miRNAs in lavage fluid, serum, or urine in this group to look for any underlying molecular patterns that might lead to biomarkers. Proteins in lavage fluid and urine were identified by accurate mass tag (database-driven) proteomics methods while miRNAs were profiled by a hybridization assay applied to serum, urine, and lavage fluid. Results: Over seventy differentially expressed proteins were reliably identified both from lavage and from urine in forty-eight dyspnea subjects compared to fifteen controls with no known lung disorder. Six of these proteins were detected both in urine and lavage. One group of subjects was distinguished from controls by expressing a characteristic group of proteins. A related group of dyspnea subjects expressed a unique group of miRNAs that included one miRNA that was differentially overexpressed in all three fluids studied. The levels of several miRNAs also showed modest but direct associations with several standard clinical measures of lung health such as forced vital capacity or gas exchange efficiency. Conclusions: Candidate proteins and miRNAs associated with the general diagnosis of dyspnea have been identified in subjects with differing medical diagnoses. Since these markers can be measured in readily obtained clinical samples, further studies are possible that test the value of these findings in more formal classification or case–control studies in much larger cohorts of subjects with specific lung diseases such as asthma, emphysema, or some other well-defined lung disease.

  6. Protein and microRNA biomarkers from lavage, urine, and serum in military personnel evaluated for dyspnea

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Brown, Joseph N.; Brewer, Heather M.; Nicora, Carrie D.; Weitz, Karl K.; Morris, Michael J.; Skabelund, Andrew J.; Adkins, Joshua N.; Smith, Richard D.; Cho, Ji -Hoon; Gelinas, Richard

    2014-10-05

    Background: We have identified candidate protein and microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers for dyspnea by studying serum, lavage fluid, and urine from military personnel who reported serious respiratory symptoms after they were deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. Methods: Forty-seven soldiers with the complaint of dyspnea who enrolled in the STudy of Active Duty Military Personnel for Environmental Dust Exposure (STAMPEDE) underwent comprehensive pulmonary evaluations at the San Antonio Military Medical Center. The evaluation included fiber-optic bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage. The clinical findings from the STAMPEDE subjects pointed to seven general underlying diagnoses or findings including airway hyperreactivity, asthma, low diffusivity of carbonmore »monoxide, and abnormal cell counts. The largest category was undiagnosed. As an exploratory study, not a classification study, we profiled proteins or miRNAs in lavage fluid, serum, or urine in this group to look for any underlying molecular patterns that might lead to biomarkers. Proteins in lavage fluid and urine were identified by accurate mass tag (database-driven) proteomics methods while miRNAs were profiled by a hybridization assay applied to serum, urine, and lavage fluid. Results: Over seventy differentially expressed proteins were reliably identified both from lavage and from urine in forty-eight dyspnea subjects compared to fifteen controls with no known lung disorder. Six of these proteins were detected both in urine and lavage. One group of subjects was distinguished from controls by expressing a characteristic group of proteins. A related group of dyspnea subjects expressed a unique group of miRNAs that included one miRNA that was differentially overexpressed in all three fluids studied. The levels of several miRNAs also showed modest but direct associations with several standard clinical measures of lung health such as forced vital capacity or gas exchange efficiency. Conclusions: Candidate proteins and miRNAs associated with the general diagnosis of dyspnea have been identified in subjects with differing medical diagnoses. Since these markers can be measured in readily obtained clinical samples, further studies are possible that test the value of these findings in more formal classification or case–control studies in much larger cohorts of subjects with specific lung diseases such as asthma, emphysema, or some other well-defined lung disease.« less

  7. Computational study of flow dynamics from a dc arc plasma jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juan Pablo Trelles

    2013-03-15

    Plasma jets produced by direct-current (DC) non-transferred arc plasma torches, at the core of technologies ranging from spray coating to pyrolysis, present intricate dynamics due to the coupled interaction of fluid flow, thermal, and electromagnetic phenomena. The flow dynamics from an arc discharge plasma jet are investigated using time-dependent three-dimensional simulations encompassing the dynamics of the arc inside the torch, the evolution of the jet through the discharge environment, and the subsequent impingement of the jet over a flat substrate. The plasma is described by a chemical equilibrium and thermodynamic nonequilibrium (two-temperature) model. The numerical formulation of the physical model is based on a monolithic and fully-coupled treatment of the fluid and electromagnetic equations using a Variational Multiscale Finite Element Method. Simulation results uncover distinct aspects of the flow dynamics, including the jet forcing due to the movement of the electric arc, the prevalence of deviations between heavy-species and electron temperatures in the plasma fringes, the development of shear flow instabilities around the jet, the occurrence of localized regions with high electric fields far from the arc, and the formation and evolution of coherent flow structures.

  8. Submerged jet mixing in nuclear waste tanks: a correlation for jet velocity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daas, M.; Srivastava, R.; Roelant, D. [Applied Research Center, Florida International Univ., Miami, FL (United States)

    2007-07-01

    Experimental studies were carried out in jet-stirred slurry tanks to correlate the influence of nozzle diameter, initial jet flow velocity, submerged depth of jet, tank diameter and slurry properties on the jet axial velocity. The tanks used in the experimental work had diameters of 0.3 m (1-ft) and 2.13 m (7-ft). The fluids emerged from nozzles of 0.003 m and 0.01 m in diameter, 1/8-inch and 3/8-inch respectively. The examined slurries were non-Newtonian and contained 5 weight percent total insoluble solids. The axial velocities along the centerline of a submerged jet stream were measured at different jet flow rates and at various distances from the nozzle orifice (16 to 200 nozzle diameters) utilizing electromagnetic velocity meter. A new simplified correlation was developed to describe the jet axial velocity in submerged jet stirred tanks utilizing more than 350 data points. The Buckingham Pi theorem and non-linear regression method of multivariate approximation, in conjunction with the Gauss-Jordan elimination method, were used to develop the new correlation. The new correlation agreed well with the experimental data obtained from the current study. Good agreement was also possible with literature data except at large distances from the nozzle as the model slightly overestimated the jet axial velocity. The proposed correlation incorporates the contributions of system geometry, fluid properties, and external forces. Furthermore, it provides reasonable estimates of jet axial velocity. (authors)

  9. Water jet rebounds on hydrophobic surfaces : a first step to jet micro-fluidics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franck Celestini; R. Kofman; Xavier Noblin; Mathieu Pellegrin

    2010-09-28

    When a water jet impinges upon a solid surface it produces a so called hydraulic jump that everyone can observe in the sink of its kitchen. It is characterized by a thin liquid sheet bounded by a circular rise of the surface due to capillary and gravitational forces. In this phenomenon, the impact induces a geometrical transition, from the cylindrical one of the jet to the bi-dimensional one of the film. A true jet rebound on a solid surface, for which the cylindrical geometry is preserved, has never been yet observed. Here we experimentally demonstrate that a water jet can impact a solid surface without being destabilized. Depending on the incident angle of the impinging jet, its velocity and the degree of hydrophobicity of the substrate, the jet can i) bounce on the surface with a fixed reflected angle, ii) land on it and give rise to a supported jet or iii) be destabilized, emitting drops. Capillary forces are predominant at the sub-millimetric jet scale considered in this work, along with the hydrophobic nature of the substrate. The results presented in this letter raise the fundamental problem of knowing why such capillary hydraulic jump gives rise to this unexpected jet rebound phenomenon. This study furthermore offers new and promising possibilities to handle little quantity of water through "jet micro-fluidics"

  10. ATLAS - LHC Run 2 jet performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varouchas, Dimitris; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01

    Jet energy scale systematic uncertainties and jet cleaning for early 2015 data analyses Many searches and measurements using early 2015 data rely on the accurate determination of the jet energy measurement and the rejection of jets arising from non collision backgrounds and detector faults. In this talk, the procedure used to establish the systematic uncertainties on the jet energy scale and resolutions for 2015 data analysis will be described. The uncertainties will be compared to the uncertainties achieved for 2012 data analyses. In addition, variables related to the presence of beam backgrounds and detector imperfections will be shown, comparing them in early data and MC simulations. Based on these studies, selection cuts to reject these backgrounds will be defined and their efficiency to select signal and background jets studied in data. Inputs to jet reconstruction and boosted object tagging with the ATLAS detector at sqrt(s)=13 TeV The LHC has recently concluded a 2-year-long shutdown delivering once mo...

  11. Evaluation of Jet Algorithms in the Search for Sources of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdmann, Martin

    Evaluation of Jet Algorithms in the Search for Sources of Ultra-High-Energy Cosmic Rays von-Energy-Correlations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2 Jet Algorithms 7 2.1 Jet Algorithms in High-Energy Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.2 The SISCone-Jet-Algorithm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.2.1 The Search for Stable Cones

  12. http://smap.jpl.nasa.gov Jet Propulsion Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    http://smap.jpl.nasa.gov Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology SMAP SAR* On-Orbit Misalignment Calibration Dynamics & Control, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA *Synthetic Aperture Radar #12;Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Jet Propulsion Laboratory California

  13. Rossby waves and the jet Schematic from Vallis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frierson, Dargan

    everywhere. Generates a jet stream in stirred region. This model also has an annular mode! #12;Phase speedRossby waves and the jet Schematic from Vallis: #12;Rossby waves and the jet Schematic from in recent shift in observations and models of SH: Faster eddies in obs and in model #12;How will jet shift

  14. Numerical Simulations of Boiling Jet Impingement Cooling in Power Electronics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narumanchi, S.; Troshko, A.; Hassani, V.; Bharathan, D.

    2006-12-01

    This paper explores turbulent boiling jet impingement for cooling power electronic components in hybrid electric vehicles.

  15. JET: an Opportunity for the U.S. in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JET: an Opportunity for the U.S. in the Coming Decade Brett E. Chapman University of Wisconsin, 2000 #12;Introduction -- Premise: JET represents the only opportunity for the U.S. to experimentally issues accessible in JET in the near term -- Also feeds into Question #4: JET DT experiments should

  16. Implicit LES Simulation of Two phase Turbulent Jet Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Implicit LES Simulation of Two phase Turbulent Jet Flow Feb. 27th 2014 Yan 1 #12;Studied ProblemsD 2120 297 629,640 2 #12;Results 3JetDiameter Case · VOF 3 Initialization (t = 0 s) Z Z #12;Results 3JetDiameter Case (click to watch the movie) 4 · VOF 0 Jet

  17. CDF/PUB/JET/ PUBLIC/10199 June 19, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigg, Chris

    CDF/PUB/JET/ PUBLIC/10199 June 19, 2011 Version 2.3 The Substructure of High Transverse Momentum Jets Observed by CDF II CDF II Collaboration Abstract We present the results of a study of jets with transverse momentum (pT ) greater than 400 GeV/c with particular emphasis given to the mass of the jets

  18. Jet Flows Around Microbubbles In Subcooled Boiling , Xiaofeng Pengb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kihm, IconKenneth David

    Jet Flows Around Microbubbles In Subcooled Boiling Hao Wanga , Xiaofeng Pengb , David M Strong jet flows were observed emanating from micro bubbles on a 100 µm diameter wire during subcooled analysis. The bubble-top jet flows were characterized by a single jet at the bubble top. Both experiments

  19. Baroclinic Multiple Zonal Jets on the Sphere SUKYOUNG LEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Sukyoung

    Baroclinic Multiple Zonal Jets on the Sphere SUKYOUNG LEE Department of Meteorology December 2004) ABSTRACT Multiple zonal jets are investigated with a two-level primitive equation model the meridional scale of the multiple zonal jets, and that these jets are maintained in part by an eddy momentum

  20. LOW LEVEL JETS IN THE TROPICAL AMERICAS Submitted by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubert, Wayne H.

    THESIS LOW LEVEL JETS IN THE TROPICAL AMERICAS Submitted by GABRIELA MORA ROJAS Department LEVEL JETS IN THE TROP- ICAL AMERICAS BE ACCEPTED AS FULFILLING IN PART REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE JETS IN THE TROPICAL AMERICAS The climatologies of five tropical low level jets are studied through

  1. On zonal jets in oceans Balasubramanya T. Nadiga1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nadiga, Balasubramanya T. "Balu"

    On zonal jets in oceans Balasubramanya T. Nadiga1 Received 26 January 2006; revised 29 March 2006 to the recently observed alternating zonal jets in oceans, the formation of these jets can be explained as due of alternating jets in Jovian atmospheres and two dimensional turbulence in zonally-periodic configurations

  2. Realistic Simulation of Jet Engine Noise using Petaflop Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Realistic Simulation of Jet Engine Noise using Petaflop Computing Sponsor: National Science and supersonic jet noise prediction for modern-day turbofan aircraft engines using petascale computing. Jet noise that a 50% decrease in jet noise power output can be achieved by certain chevron and lobe mixer designs

  3. Jet spoiler arrangement for wind turbine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cyrus, Jack D. (Corrales, NM); Kadlec, Emil G. (Albuquerque, NM); Klimas, Paul C. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1985-01-01

    An air jet spoiler arrangement is provided for a Darrieus-type vertical axis wind-powered turbine. Air is drawn into hollow turbine blades through air inlets at the ends thereof and is ejected in the form of air jets through small holes or openings provided along the lengths of the blades. The air jets create flow separation at the surfaces of the turbine blades, thereby inducing stall conditions and reducing the output power. A feedback control unit senses the power output of the turbine and controls the amount of air drawn into the air inlets accordingly.

  4. Jets and Outflows From Advective Accretion Disks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandip K. Chakrabarti

    2000-12-29

    Jets and outflows must be produced directly from accretion disks and inflows, especially when the central gravitating objects are compact, such as neutron stars and black holes, and themselves are {\\it not} mass losing. Here, we review the formation of jets from advective inflows. We show that the centrifugal pressure supported boundary layer (CENBOL) of the black holes may play crucial role in producing outflows. CENBOL is not present in Keplerian disks. Thus energetic jet formation is directly connected to sub-Keplerian flows close to compact objects.

  5. Holographic Jets in an Expanding Plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Stoffers; Ismail Zahed

    2012-11-19

    We use the holographic principle to study quark jets with trailing strings in an expanding plasma that asymptotes Bjorken hydrodynamics. We make use of the fact that the trailing string is the locus of the light delay in bulk to obtain the explicit form for quark jets in the expanding plasma. From the trailing string solution we calculate the drag coefficient of a heavy quark in the strongly coupled expanding plasma. The energy scaling of the maximum penetration length of an ultrarelativistic light quark jet using light rays in bulk is estimated.

  6. Electron dynamics and plasma jet formation in a helium atmospheric pressure dielectric barrier discharge jet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Algwari, Q. Th. [Centre for Plasma Physics, School of Maths and Physics, Queen's University Belfast, University Road, Belfast, Northern Ireland BT7 1NN (United Kingdom); Electronic Department, College of Electronics Engineering, Mosul University, Mosul 41002 (Iraq); O'Connell, D. [Centre for Plasma Physics, School of Maths and Physics, Queen's University Belfast, University Road, Belfast, Northern Ireland BT7 1NN (United Kingdom); York Plasma Institute, Department of Physics, University of York, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom)

    2011-09-19

    The excitation dynamics within the main plasma production region and the plasma jets of a kHz atmospheric pressure dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) jet operated in helium was investigated. Within the dielectric tube, the plasma ignites as a streamer-type discharge. Plasma jets are emitted from both the powered and grounded electrode end; their dynamics are compared and contrasted. Ignition of these jets are quite different; the jet emitted from the powered electrode is ignited with a slight time delay to plasma ignition inside the dielectric tube, while breakdown of the jet at the grounded electrode end is from charging of the dielectric and is therefore dependent on plasma production and transport within the dielectric tube. Present streamer theories can explain these dynamics.

  7. Performance of jet substructure techniques for large-R jets in proton-proton collisions at ?s = 7 TeV using the ATLAS detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Frank E.

    This paper presents the application of a variety of techniques to study jet substructure. The performance of various modified jet algorithms, or jet grooming techniques, for several jet types and event topologies is ...

  8. An Environmental and Economic Trade-off Analysis of Manufacturing Process Chains to Inform Decision Making for Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Stefanie L.

    2013-01-01

    aircraft components, and jet engine components). Thisof large and small jet engines for commercial and military

  9. New HampsHire 4-H partNersHip militaRY 4-h ClUB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    New HampsHire 4-H partNersHip militaRY 4-h ClUB 2012 aNNual report The Military 4-H Club Program of 4-H programs in New Hampshire as well as targeted military youth and family programs · BUild o rockingham 655 strafford 395 sullivan 90 Total Youth Ages 5-18 3020 · 5,433 New Hampshire youth living

  10. A jet streak circulation associated with a low-latitude jet in the Southern Hemisphere over Africa.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Sharon E.

    A jet streak circulation associated with a low-latitude jet in the Southern Hemisphere over Africa 2007 #12;2 Abstract In the Southern Hemisphere over Africa a mid-tropospheric easterly jet stream exists during some months that is analogous to the African Easterly Jet over West Africa. In this note

  11. jet-compressible-gas-july25.tex 1 Liquid jet in a high Mach number air stream

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, Daniel D.

    jet-compressible-gas-july25.tex 1 Liquid jet in a high Mach number air stream T.Funada, D, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA Abstract The instability of circular liquid jet immersed in a coflowing high growth rate for n = 1 modes exceeds n = 0 when the viscosity of the liquid jet is large. The effects

  12. Jet mass spectra in Higgs boson plus one jet at next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tackmann, Frank J.

    The invariant mass of a jet is a benchmark variable describing the structure of jets at the LHC. We calculate the jet mass spectrum for Higgs plus one jet at the LHC at next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic (NNLL) order using ...

  13. Gays and Lesbians at War: Military Service in Iraq and Afghanistan Under “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Nathaniel

    2004-01-01

    AT WAR: MILITARY SERVICE IN IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN UNDER “DON’wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Despite widespread knowledgeused before sites in Iraq and Afghanistan were improved, as

  14. JET ROTATION DRIVEN BY MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC SHOCKS IN HELICAL MAGNETIC FIELDS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fendt, Christian

    2011-08-10

    In this paper, we present a detailed numerical investigation of the hypothesis that a rotation of astrophysical jets can be caused by magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) shocks in a helical magnetic field. Shock compression of the helical magnetic field results in a toroidal Lorentz force component that will accelerate the jet material in the toroidal direction. This process transforms magnetic angular momentum (magnetic stress) carried along the jet into kinetic angular momentum (rotation). The mechanism proposed here only works in a helical magnetic field configuration. We demonstrate the feasibility of this mechanism by axisymmetric MHD simulations in 1.5 and 2.5 dimensions using the PLUTO code. In our setup, the jet is injected into the ambient gas with zero kinetic angular momentum (no rotation). We apply different dynamical parameters for jet propagation such as the jet internal Alfven Mach number and fast magnetosonic Mach number, the density contrast of the jet to the ambient medium, and the external sonic Mach number of the jet. The mechanism we suggest should work for a variety of jet applications, e.g., protostellar or extragalactic jets, and internal jet shocks (jet knots) or external shocks between the jet and the ambient gas (entrainment). For typical parameter values for protostellar jets, the numerically derived rotation feature looks consistent with the observations, i.e., rotational velocities of 0.1%-1% of the jet bulk velocity.

  15. Transverse stability of relativistic two-component jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Meliani; R. Keppens

    2007-09-24

    Context: Astrophysical jets from various sources seem to be stratified, with a fast inner jet and a slower outer jet. As it is likely that the launching mechanism for each component is different, their interface will develop differential rotation, while the outer jet radius represents a second interface where disruptions may occur. Aims: We explore the stability of stratified, rotating, relativistic two-component jets, in turn embedded in static interstellar medium. Methods: In a grid-adaptive relativistic hydrodynamic simulation with the AMRVAC code, the non-linear azimuthal stability of two-component relativistic jets is investigated. We simulate until multiple inner jet rotations have been completed. Results: We find evidence for the development of an extended shear flow layer between the two jet components, resulting from the growth of a body mode in the inner jet, Kelvin-Helmholtz surface modes at their original interface, and their nonlinear interaction. Both wave modes are excited by acoustic waves which are reflected between the symmetry axis and the interface of the two jet components. Their interaction induces the growth of near stationary, counterrotating vortices at the outer edge of the shear flow layer. The presence of a heavy external jet allows to slow down their further development, and maintain a collimated flow. At the outer jet boundary, small-scale Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities develop, without disrupting the jet configuration. Conclusion: We demonstrate that the cross-section of two-component relativistic jets, with a heavy, cold outer jet, is non-linearly stable.

  16. Turbulent round jet under gravity waves 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryu, Yong Uk

    2002-01-01

    The behavior of a neutrally buoyant horizontal turbulent round jet under a wavy environment was investigated. Progressive waves with different wave amplitudes in an intermediate water depth were used. The Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) technique...

  17. Modeling the SS 433 Jet Bends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canizares, Claude R.

    We fit Chandra HETGS data obtained for the unusual X-ray binary SS 433. While line strengths and continuum levels hardly change, the jet Doppler shifts show aperiodic variations that probably result from shocks in interactions ...

  18. Studying Jets with Identified Particles in PHENIX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anne Sickles

    2006-09-22

    A surprising excess of protons at intermediate $p_T$, 2-5GeV/c, has been observed in Au+Au collisions at RHIC, for which the source is not known. In p+p collisions, particles at this $p_T$ arise from jet fragmentation, however the observed baryon yield in central Au+Au collisions are not compatible with the usual jet fragmentation function. Two particle $\\Delta\\phi$ correlations are a powerful probe for quantitatively understanding the modifications to jet fragmentation from interactions with the medium. Earlier studies have shown that the excess baryons do have jet-like partners, indicating a hard scattering origin. We present new results from a systematic study of two particle correlations as a function of trigger and partner particle species, charge, $p_T$ and centrality from the high statistics Au+Au dataset. p+p collisions are also analyzed as a reference.

  19. Structure and Dynamics of Colliding Plasma Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryutov, D.

    Monoenergetic-proton radiographs of laser-generated, high-Mach-number plasma jets colliding at various angles shed light on the structures and dynamics of these collisions. The observations compare favorably with results ...

  20. Feasibility Study for a New Business Jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mousa, Yasser Abdullah

    2009-05-15

    This report demonstrates details of a feasibility study of a new business jet as an effort to complete the requirements for a field project (EMGT 835) in Engineering Management. The study is conducted during global economic crisis to identify a...

  1. Experimental investigation on structures and velocity of liquid jets in a supersonic crossflow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Zhen-guo Wu, Liyin; Li, Qinglian; Li, Chun

    2014-09-29

    Particle image velocimetry was applied in the study focusing on the structure and velocity of water jets injected into a Ma?=?2.1 crossflow. The instantaneous structures of the jet, including surface waves in the near-injector region and vortices in the far-field, were visualized clearly. Spray velocity increases rapidly to 66% of the mainstream velocity in the region of x/d?jet in a supersonic crossflow serves as a foundation of scramjet combustion process, by affecting the combustion efficiency and some other performances. With various forces acting on the liquid jet (Mashayek et al. [AIAA J. 46, 2674–2686 (2008)] and Wang et al. [AIAA J. 50, 1360–1366 (2012)]), the atomization process involves very complex flow physics. These physical processes include strong vortical structures, small-scale wave formation, stripping of small droplets from the jet surface, formations of ligaments, and droplets with a wide range of sizes.

  2. Flow control via synthetic jet actuation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Adam Cole

    2005-02-17

    -1 FLOW CONTROL VIA SYNTHETIC JET ACTUATION A Thesis by ADAM COLE MILLER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December... 2004 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering FLOW CONTROL VIA SYNTHETIC JET ACTUATION A Thesis by ADAM COLE MILLER Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE...

  3. Centrifugally driven electrostatic instability in extragalactic jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Osmanov

    2008-01-29

    The stability problem of the rotation induced electrostatic wave in extragalactic jets is presented. Solving a set of equations describing dynamics of a relativistic plasma flow of AGN jets, an expression of the instability rate has been derived and analyzed for typical values of AGNs. The growth rate was studied versus the wave length and the inclination angle and it has been found that the instability process is much efficient with respect to the accretion disk evolution, indicating high efficiency of the instability.

  4. Gap between jets at the LHC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Royon, Christophe

    2013-04-15

    We describe a NLL BFKL calculation implemented in the HERWIG MC of the gap between jets cross section, that represent a test of BFKL dynamics. We compare the predictions with recent measurements at the Tevatron and present predictions for the LHC. We also discuss the interesting process of looking for gap between jets in diffractive events when protons are detected in the ATLAS Forward Physics (AFP) detectors.

  5. CDF/PHYS/TOP/PUBLIC/10776 Search for top+jet resonances in tt+jet(s) at CDF.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigg, Chris

    CDF CDF/PHYS/TOP/PUBLIC/10776 Search for top+jet resonances in t¯t+jet(s) at CDF. The CDF to a resonance in the ¯t/t+jet system of t¯t+extra jet events. We use events with exactly one lepton, missing transverse energy and at least five jets in data with an integrated luminosity of 8.7 fb-1 . We find the data

  6. Jet-induced jammed states of granular jet impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomohiko G. Sano; Hisao Hayakawa

    2013-08-17

    The impacts of granular jets for both frictional and frictionless grains in two dimensions are numerically investigated. A dense flow with a dead zone emerges during the impact. From our two-dimensional simulation, we evaluate the equations of state and the con- stitutive equations of the flow. The asymptotic divergences of pressure and shear stress similar to the situation near the jamming transition appear for the frictionless case, while their exponents are smaller than those of the sheared granular systems, and are close to the extrapolation from the kinetic theoretical regime. In a similar manner to the jam- ming for frictional grains, the critical density decreases as the friction constant of grains increases. For bi-disperse systems, the effective friction constant defined as the ratio of shear stress to normal stress, monotonically increases from near zero, as the strain rate increases. On the other hand, the effective friction constant has two metastable branches for mono-disperse systems because of the coexistence of a crystallized state and a liquid state.

  7. Jet spoiler arrangement for wind turbine (Patent) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Patent: Jet spoiler arrangement for wind turbine Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Jet spoiler arrangement for wind turbine An air jet spoiler arrangement is provided for...

  8. A search for new physics with Z bosons, jets, and missing transverse energy at CMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews, Warren T.

    2012-01-01

    4.1.1 Jets and MET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Models: MET and Jets . . . . . . . . . . 4.7 Simplifiedyields for the preselection with N jets ? 3 for 4.98 fb ?

  9. Properties of Jets Measured with Charged Particles with the ATLAS Detector at the Large Hadron Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zenz, Seth Conrad

    2011-01-01

    Tracking Efficiencies and Distributions . . . . . . . Jet6 Results and Discussion 6.1 Charged particle jet crossand multiplicity in jets . . . . . . . . . . 7 Conclusions

  10. Disentangling Clustering Effects in Jet Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randall Kelley; Jonathan R. Walsh; Saba Zuberi

    2012-04-04

    Clustering algorithms build jets though the iterative application of single particle and pairwise metrics. This leads to phase space constraints that are extremely complicated beyond the lowest orders in perturbation theory, and in practice they must be implemented numerically. This complication presents a significant barrier to gaining an analytic understanding of the perturbative structure of jet cross sections. We present a novel framework to express the jet algorithm's phase space constraints as a function of clustered groups of particles, which are the possible outcomes of the algorithm. This approach highlights the analytic properties of jet observables, rather than the explicit constraints on individual final state momenta, which can be unwieldy at higher orders. We derive the form of the n-particle phase space constraints for a jet algorithm with any measurement. We provide an expression for the measurement that makes clustering effects manifest and relates them to constraints from clustering at lower orders. The utility of this framework is demonstrated by using it to understand clustering effects for a large class of jet shape observables in the soft/collinear limit. We apply this framework to isolate divergences and analyze the logarithmic structure of the Abelian terms in the soft function, providing the all-orders form of these terms and showing that corrections from clustering start at next-to-leading logarithmic order in the exponent of the cross section.

  11. Structure and Dynamics of Colliding Plasma Jets

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Li, C.; Ryutov, D.; Hu, S.; Rosenberg, M.; Zylstra, A.; Seguin, F.; Frenje, J.; Casey, D.; Gatu Johnson, M.; Manuel, M.; et al

    2013-12-01

    Monoenergetic-proton radiographs of laser-generated, high-Mach-number plasma jets colliding at various angles shed light on the structures and dynamics of these collisions. The observations compare favorably with results from 2D hydrodynamic simulations of multistream plasma jets, and also with results from an analytic treatment of electron flow and magnetic field advection. In collisions of two noncollinear jets, the observed flow structure is similar to the analytic model’s prediction of a characteristic feature with a narrow structure pointing in one direction and a much thicker one pointing in the opposite direction. Spontaneous magnetic fields, largely azimuthal around the colliding jets and generatedmore »by the well-known ?Te ×?ne Biermann battery effect near the periphery of the laser spots, are demonstrated to be “frozen in” the plasma (due to high magnetic Reynolds number RM ~5×10?) and advected along the jet streamlines of the electron flow. These studies provide novel insight into the interactions and dynamics of colliding plasma jets.« less

  12. Structure and Dynamics of Colliding Plasma Jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, C.; Ryutov, D.; Hu, S.; Rosenberg, M.; Zylstra, A.; Seguin, F.; Frenje, J.; Casey, D.; Gatu Johnson, M.; Manuel, M.; Rinderknecht, H.; Petrasso, R.; Amendt, P.; Park, H.; Remington, B.; Wilks, S.; Betti, R.; Froula, D.; Knauer, J.; Meyerhofer, D.; Drake, R.; Kuranz, C.; Young, R.; Koenig, M.

    2013-12-01

    Monoenergetic-proton radiographs of laser-generated, high-Mach-number plasma jets colliding at various angles shed light on the structures and dynamics of these collisions. The observations compare favorably with results from 2D hydrodynamic simulations of multistream plasma jets, and also with results from an analytic treatment of electron flow and magnetic field advection. In collisions of two noncollinear jets, the observed flow structure is similar to the analytic model’s prediction of a characteristic feature with a narrow structure pointing in one direction and a much thicker one pointing in the opposite direction. Spontaneous magnetic fields, largely azimuthal around the colliding jets and generated by the well-known ?Te ×?ne Biermann battery effect near the periphery of the laser spots, are demonstrated to be “frozen in” the plasma (due to high magnetic Reynolds number RM ~5×10?) and advected along the jet streamlines of the electron flow. These studies provide novel insight into the interactions and dynamics of colliding plasma jets.

  13. Measurement of the inclusive production cross sections for forward jets and for dijet events with one forward and one central jet in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chatrchyan, S.; et al.,

    2012-06-01

    The inclusive production cross sections for forward jets, as well for jets in dijet events with at least one jet emitted at central and the other at forward pseudorapidities, are measured in the range of transverse momenta pt = 35-150 GeV/c in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Forward jets are measured within pseudorapidities 3.2<|eta|<4.7, and central jets within the |eta|<2.8 range. The double differential cross sections with respect to pt and eta are compared to predictions from three approaches in perturbative quantum chromodynamics: (i) next-to-leading-order calculations obtained with and without matching to parton-shower Monte Carlo simulations, (ii) PYTHIA and HERWIG parton-shower event generators with different tunes of parameters, and (iii) CASCADE and HEJ models, including different non-collinear corrections to standard single-parton radiation. The single-jet inclusive forward jet spectrum is well described by all models, but not all predictions are consistent with the spectra observed for the forward-central dijet events.

  14. Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment and Planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booth, S.; Barnett, J.; Burman, K.; Hambrick, J.; Westby, R.

    2010-08-01

    The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) recognizes the strategic importance of energy to its mission, and is working to reduce energy consumption and enhance energy self-sufficiency by drawing on local clean energy sources. A joint initiative formed between DoD and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 2008 to address military energy use led to a task force to examine the potential for net zero energy military installations, which would produce as much energy on site as they consume in buildings, facilities, and fleet vehicles. This report presents an assessment and planning process to examine military installations for net zero energy potential. Net Zero Energy Installation Assessment (NZEIA) presents a systematic framework to analyze energy projects at installations while balancing other site priorities such as mission, cost, and security.

  15. Military Academy Cadet/Midshipman Program | National Nuclear...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    with nationally recognized staff and researchers on national security research and production. Tours of duty to run a minimum three weeks up to and including a preferred six...

  16. Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for each installation is strongly site-specific, and may be identified using an optimization approach. Other nonrenewable load reduction projects (examples include co-...

  17. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE KINETIC POWER AND BOLOMETRIC LUMINOSITY OF JETS: LIMITATION FROM BLACK HOLE X-RAY BINARIES, ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI, AND GAMMA-RAY BURSTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Renyi; Hou, Shujin; Xie, Fu-Guo E-mail: fgxie@shao.ac.cn

    2014-01-01

    The correlation between the kinetic power P {sub jet} and intrinsic bolometric luminosity L {sub jet} of jets may reveal the underlying jet physics in various black hole systems. Based on the recent work by Nemmen et al., we re-investigate this correlation with additional sources of black hole X-ray binaries (BXBs) in hard/quiescent states and low-luminosity active galactic nuclei (LLAGNs). The new sample includes 29 sets of data from 7 BXBs and 20 LLAGNs, with P {sub jet} and L {sub jet} being derived from spectral modeling of the quasi-simultaneous multi-band spectra under the accretion jet scenario. Compared to previous works, the range of luminosity is now enlarged to more than 20 decades, i.e., from ?10{sup 31} erg s{sup –1} to ?10{sup 52} erg s{sup –1}, which allows for better constraining of the correlation. One notable result is that the jets in BXBs and LLAGNs almost follow the same P {sub jet}-L {sub jet} correlation that was obtained from blazars and gamma-ray bursts. The slope indices we derived are 1.03 ± 0.01 for the whole sample, 0.85 ± 0.06 for the BXB subsample, 0.71 ± 0.11 for the LLAGN subsample, and 1.01 ± 0.05 for the LLAGN-blazar subsample, respectively. The correlation index around unit implies the independence of jet efficiency on the luminosity or kinetic power. Our results may further support the hypothesis that similar physical processes exist in the jets of various black hole systems.

  18. Suitability of Agent Technology for Military Command and Control in the Future Combat System Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Potok, TE

    2003-02-13

    The U.S. Army is faced with the challenge of dramatically improving its war fighting capability through advanced technologies. Any new technology must provide significant improvement over existing technologies, yet be reliable enough to provide a fielded system. The focus of this paper is to assess the novelty and maturity of agent technology for use in the Future Combat System (FCS). The FCS concept represents the U.S. Army's ''mounted'' form of the Objective Force. This concept of vehicles, communications, and weaponry is viewed as a ''system of systems'' which includes net-centric command and control (C{sup 2}) capabilities. This networked C{sup 2} is an important transformation from the historically centralized, or platform-based, C{sup 2} function since a centralized command architecture may become a decision-making and execution bottleneck, particularly as the pace of war accelerates. A mechanism to ensure an effective network-centric C{sup 2} capacity (combining intelligence gathering and analysis available at lower levels in the military hierarchy) is needed. Achieving a networked C{sup 2} capability will require breakthroughs in current software technology. Many have proposed the use of agent technology as a potential solution. Agents are an emerging technology, and it is not yet clear whether it is suitable for addressing the networked C{sup 2} challenge, particularly in satisfying battlespace scalability, mobility, and security expectations. We have developed a set of software requirements for FCS based on military requirements for this system. We have then evaluated these software requirements against current computer science technology. This analysis provides a set of limitations in the current technology when applied to the FCS challenge. Agent technology is compared against this set of limitations to provide a means of assessing the novelty of agent technology in an FCS environment. From this analysis we find that existing technologies will not likely be sufficient to meet the networked C{sup 2} requirements of FCS due to limitations in scalability, mobility, and security. Agent technology provides a number of advantages in these areas, mainly through much stronger messaging and coordination models. These models theoretically allow for significant improvements in many areas, including scalability, mobility, and security. However, the demonstration of such capabilities in an FCS environment does not currently exist, although a number of strong agent-based systems have been deployed in related areas. Additionally, there are challenges in FCS that neither current technology nor agent technology are particularly well suited, such as information fusion and decision support. In summary, we believe that agent technology has the capability to support most of the networked C{sup 2} requirements of FCS. However, we would recommend proof of principle experiments to verify the theoretical advantages of this technology in an FCS environment.

  19. Portable jet pump system with pump lowered down hole and raised with coiled pipe and return line

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Black, J.B.

    1988-01-12

    This patent describes a portable jet pump with the jet pump lowered down hole and raised with uncoiling and coiling of pipe and return line comprising: a portable well jet pump system including, a jet pump connected to a pipe and a return line that are feedable from the coiled state and in return back to the coiled state on pipe coil reel means and on return line coil reel means, respectively; first drive means for the pipe coil reel means, and second drive means for the return line coil reel means for uncoiling the pipe and the return line to lower the jet pump down a well and for coiling of the pipe and the return line in withdrawing the jet pump from a well; transport means mounting the portable well jet pump system for movement to wells to be pumped and from well to well; wherein the pipe is flexible tubing; and the return line is a flexible tube return line; a first flexible tubing guide roller is mounted on the transport means for properly guided entrance into and withdrawal of the pipe flexible tubing from a well; and a second flexible tubing guide roller mounted on the transport means for properly guided entrance into and withdrawal of the flexible tube return line from a well.

  20. Quantifying the Intergration of LEED Ratings to Military High Performance Sustainable Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walewski, J.

    2013-01-01

    of LEED ratings to Military High Performance Sustainable Buildings CATEE 2013 MAJ Autumn Leveridge, U.S. Army CPT Brian Schonefeld, U.S. Navy CPT Jared Solether, U.S. Navy Dr. John Walewski Department of Civil Engineering, Texas A&M University CCLD... & Coatings / Carpet Systems Thermal Comfort, Design Daylight & Views Daylight 75% of Spaces Innovation & Design Process (ID) NA 18 Key LEED Credits for Military High Performance Sustainable Buildings ESL-KT-13-12-08 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy...

  1. PHOTOSPHERIC EMISSION FROM STRATIFIED JETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ito, Hirotaka; Nagataki, Shigehiro; Ono, Masaomi; Lee, Shiu-Hang; Mao, Jirong [Astrophysical Big Bang Laboratory, RIKEN, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Yamada, Shoichi [Department of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Pe'er, Asaf [Institute for Theory and Computation, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Mizuta, Akira [KEK Theory Center, Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan); Harikae, Seiji, E-mail: hito@yukawa.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Quants Research Department, Financial Engineering Division, Mitsubishi UFJ Morgan Stanley Securities Co., Ltd., Mejirodai Bldg., 3-29-20 Mejirodai, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8688 (Japan)

    2013-11-01

    We explore photospheric emissions from stratified two-component jets, wherein a highly relativistic spine outflow is surrounded by a wider and less relativistic sheath outflow. Thermal photons are injected in regions of high optical depth and propagated until the photons escape at the photosphere. Because of the presence of shear in velocity (Lorentz factor) at the boundary of the spine and sheath region, a fraction of the injected photons are accelerated using a Fermi-like acceleration mechanism such that a high-energy power-law tail is formed in the resultant spectrum. We show, in particular, that if a velocity shear with a considerable variance in the bulk Lorentz factor is present, the high-energy part of observed gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) photon spectrum can be explained by this photon acceleration mechanism. We also show that the accelerated photons might also account for the origin of the extra-hard power-law component above the bump of the thermal-like peak seen in some peculiar bursts (e.g., GRB 090510, 090902B, 090926A). We demonstrate that time-integrated spectra can also reproduce the low-energy spectrum of GRBs consistently using a multi-temperature effect when time evolution of the outflow is considered. Last, we show that the empirical E{sub p}-L{sub p} relation can be explained by differences in the outflow properties of individual sources.

  2. THE PROPAGATION OF RELATIVISTIC JETS IN EXTERNAL MEDIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bromberg, Omer; Piran, Tsvi; Sari, Re'em; Nakar, Ehud

    2011-10-20

    Relativistic jets are ubiquitous in astrophysical systems that contain compact objects. They transport large amounts of energy to large distances from the source and their interaction with the ambient medium has a crucial effect on the evolution of the system. The propagation of the jet is characterized by the formation of a shocked 'head' at the front of the jet which dissipates the jet's energy and a cocoon that surrounds the jet and potentially collimates it. We present here a self-consistent, analytic model that follows the evolution of the jet and its cocoon, and describes their interaction. We show that the critical parameter that determines the properties of the jet-cocoon system is the dimensionless ratio between the jet's energy density and the rest-mass energy density of the ambient medium. This parameter, together with the jet's injection angle, also determines whether the jet is collimated by the cocoon or not. The model is applicable to relativistic, unmagnetized jets on all scales and may be used to determine the conditions in active galactic nucleus (AGN) jets as well as in gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) or microquasars. It shows that AGN and microquasar jets are hydrodynamically collimated due to the interaction with the ambient medium, while GRB jets can be collimated only inside a star and become uncollimated once they break out.

  3. W/Z+Jets and W/Z+Heavy Flavor Jets at the Tevatron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henrik Nilsen

    2009-06-01

    The associated production of jets and vector bosons is an important process at hadron colliders. An overview over recent Tevatron vector boson+jets measurements is given with an emphasis on comparisons between data and the predictions of various theory models.

  4. W/Z+Jets and W/Z+Heavy Flavor Jets at the Tevatron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nilsen, Henrik

    2009-01-01

    The associated production of jets and vector bosons is an important process at hadron colliders. An overview over recent Tevatron vector boson+jets measurements is given with an emphasis on comparisons between data and the predictions of various theory models.

  5. #include #include

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kessler, Christoph

    ] (where a[n] = +infty). C's * bsearch() can't be used, it requires a[j]==key. */ int findloc( void *key Combine­CRCW BSP­Quicksort * variant by Gerbessiotis/Valiant JPDC 22(1994) * implemented in NestStep­C. */ int N=10; // default value /** findloc(): find largest index j in [0..n­1] with * a[j

  6. Modification of vortex dynamics and transport properties of transitional axisymmetric jets using zero-net-mass-flux actuation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Önder, Asim; Meyers, Johan

    2014-07-15

    We study the near field of a zero-net-mass-flux (ZNMF) actuated round jet using direct numerical simulations. The Reynolds number of the jet Re{sub D} = 2000 and three ZNMF actuators are used, evenly distributed over a circle, and directed towards the main jet. The actuators are triggered in phase, and have a relatively low momentum coefficient of C{sub ?} = 0.0049 each. We study four different control frequencies with Strouhal numbers ranging from St{sub D} = 0.165 to St{sub D} = 1.32; next to that, also two uncontrolled baseline cases are included in the study. We find that this type of ZNMF actuation leads to strong deformations of the near-field jet region that are very similar to those observed for non-circular jets. At the end of the jet's potential core (x/D = 5), the jet-column cross section is deformed into a hexagram-like geometry that results from strong modifications of the vortex structures. Two mechanisms lead to these modifications, i.e., (i) self-deformation of the jet's primary vortex rings started by distortions in their azimuthal curvature by the actuation, and (ii) production of side jets by the development and subsequent detachment of secondary streamwise vortex pairs. Further downstream (x/D = 10), the jet transforms into a triangular pattern, as the sharp corner regions of the hexagram entrain fluid and spread. We further investigate the global characteristics of the actuated jets. In particular when using the jet preferred frequency, i.e., St{sub D} = 0.33, parameters such as entrainment, centerline decay rate, and mean turbulent kinetic energy are significantly increased. Furthermore, high frequency actuation, i.e., St{sub D} = 1.32, is found to suppress the mechanisms leading to large scale structure growth and turbulent kinetic energy production. The simulations further include a passive scalar equation, and passive scalar mixing is also quantified and visualized.

  7. W+n-Jet Predictions With MC@NLO in Sherpa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoeche, Stefan; Krauss, Frank; Schonherr, Marek; Siegert, Frank; /Freiburg U.

    2012-03-20

    Results for the production of W-bosons in conjunction with up to three jets including parton shower corrections are presented and compared to recent LHC data. These results consistently incorporate the full next-to leading order QCD corrections through the MC{at}NLO method, as implemented in the SHERPA event generator, with the virtual corrections obtained from the BLACKHAT library.

  8. MULTIWAVELENGTH OBSERVATIONS OF THE SS 433 JETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshall, Herman L.; Canizares, Claude R.; Schulz, Norbert S.; Nowak, Michael [Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Hillwig, Todd [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, IN 46383 (United States); Mioduszewski, Amy; Rupen, Michael [NRAO, P.O. Box 2, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Heinz, Sebastian, E-mail: hermanm@space.mit.edu, E-mail: crc@space.mit.edu, E-mail: nss@space.mit.edu, E-mail: mnowak@space.mit.edu, E-mail: todd.hillwig@valpo.edu, E-mail: amiodusz@nrao.edu, E-mail: mrupen@aoc.nrao.edu, E-mail: heinzs@astro.wisc.edu [Astronomy Department, 5408 Sterling Hall, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)

    2013-09-20

    We present observations of the SS 433 jets using the Chandra High Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer with contemporaneous optical and Very Long Baseline Array observations. The X-ray and optical emission line regions are found to be related but not coincident as the optical line emission persists for days while the X-ray emission lines fade in less than 5000 s. The line Doppler shifts from the optical and X-ray lines match well, indicating that they are less than 3 × 10{sup 14} cm apart. The jet Doppler shifts show aperiodic variations that could result from shocks in interactions with the local environment. These perturbations are consistent with a change in jet direction but not jet speed. The proper motions of the radio knots match the kinematic model only if the distance to SS 433 is 4.5 ± 0.2 kpc. Observations during eclipse show that the occulted emission is very hard, seen only above 2 keV and rising to comprise >50% of the flux at 8 keV. The soft X-ray emission lines from the jet are not blocked, constraining the jet length to ?> 2 × 10{sup 12} cm. The base jet density is in the range 10{sup 10-13} cm{sup –3}, in contrast to our previous estimate based on the Si XIII triplet, which is likely to have been affected by UV de-excitation. There is a clear overabundance of Ni by a factor of about 15 relative to the solar value, which may have resulted from an unusual supernova that formed the compact object.

  9. Photoproduction of single inclusive jets at future ep colliders in next-to-leading order QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jäger, B

    2008-01-01

    A next-to-leading order QCD calculation for single-inclusive jet photoproduction in unpolarized and longitudinally polarized lepton-hadron collisions is presented which consistently includes ``direct'' and ``resolved'' photon contributions. The computation is performed within the ``small-cone approximation'' in a largely analytical form. Phenomenological aspects of jet production at future ep colliders such as the CERN-LHeC and the polarized BNL-eRHIC are discussed, placing particular emphasis on the perturbative stability of the predictions and the possibility to constrain the parton content of the photon.

  10. Photoproduction of single inclusive jets at future ep colliders in next-to-leading order QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Jager

    2008-07-01

    A next-to-leading order QCD calculation for single-inclusive jet photoproduction in unpolarized and longitudinally polarized lepton-hadron collisions is presented which consistently includes ``direct'' and ``resolved'' photon contributions. The computation is performed within the ``small-cone approximation'' in a largely analytical form. Phenomenological aspects of jet production at future ep colliders such as the CERN-LHeC and the polarized BNL-eRHIC are discussed, placing particular emphasis on the perturbative stability of the predictions and the possibility to constrain the parton content of the photon.

  11. Studies of Jet Quenching in HI Collisions at CMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank Ma; for the CMS collaboration

    2011-07-16

    Jet production in PbPb collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 2.76 TeV was studied using the CMS detector at the LHC, using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 6.7 inverse microbarn. Dijets were reconstructed using the CMS calorimeters, and a significant energy imbalance was observed between the leading jet and the away-side jet with increasing centrality. Correlation studies of jets and tracks reveal that the energy of the away-side jet is redistributed to lower pt and wider angle outside of the jet cone.

  12. Measurements of jet-related observables at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kokkas, Panagiotis

    2015-01-01

    During the first years of the LHC operation a large amount of jet data was recorded by the ATLAS and CMS experiments. In this review several measurements of jet-related observables are presented, such as multi-jet rates and cross sections, ratios of jet cross sections, jet shapes and event shape observables. All results presented here are based on jet data collected at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. Data are compared to various Monte Carlo generators, as well as to theoretical next-to-leading-order calculations allowing a test of perturbative Quantum Chromodynamics in a previously unexplored energy region.

  13. Evaporation system and method for gas jet deposition of thin film materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schmitt, J.J.; Halpern, B.L.

    1994-10-18

    A method and apparatus are disclosed for depositing thin films of materials such as metals, oxides and nitrides at low temperature relies on a supersonic free jet of inert carrier gas to transport vapor species generated from an evaporation source to the surface of a substrate. Film deposition vapors are generated from solid film precursor materials, including those in the form of wires or powders. The vapor from these sources is carried downstream in a low pressure supersonic jet of inert gas to the surface of a substrate where the vapors deposit to form a thin film. A reactant gas can be introduced into the gas jet to form a reaction product with the evaporated material. The substrate can be moved from the gas jet past a gas jet containing a reactant gas in which a discharge has been generated, the speed of movement being sufficient to form a thin film which is chemically composed of the evaporated material and reactant gases. 8 figs.

  14. An evaluation of a pre-charging pulse-jet filter for small combustor particulate control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helfritch, D.J.; Quimby, J.M.

    1991-04-01

    The objective of this test program was the performance and economic evaluation of a pre-charged pulse-jet filter as the principal particulate control device for a commercial- or industrial-scale coal-fired combustor. Performance factors that were considered were the effects of particle charge, air/cloth ratio, pulse frequency, pulse pressure, fabric types, humidity, and inlet particulate loading on fine particle collection efficiency and pressure drop. Economic factors that were considered included capital costs, energy requirements, and operating and maintenance costs. The program resulted in a recommendation regarding the relative suitability of the pre-charged pulse-jet filter for small combustor particulate control, as compared to a pulse-jet filter without pre-charging. Fine particle control capability, ease of operation, and overall economics were taken into consideration in making comparisons. 23 refs., 16 figs., 10 tabs.

  15. YSO Jets and Molecular Outflows: Tracing the History of Star Formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adam Frank

    1998-04-29

    Collimated outflows from Young Stellar Objects (YSOs) can be seen as tracers of the accretion powered systems which drive them. In this paper I review some theoretical and observational aspects of YSO outflows through the prism of questions relating to the protostellar source. The issue I address is: can collimated outflows be used as ``fossils'' allowing the history of protostellar evolution to be recovered? Answering this question relies on accurately identifying where theoretical tools and observational diagnostics converge to provide unique solutions of the protostellar physics. I discuss potential links between outflow and source including the time and direction variability of jets, the jet/molecular outflow connection, and the the effect of magnetic fields. I also discuss models of the jet/outflow collimation mechanism.

  16. Deuterium density profile determination at JET using a neutron camera and a neutron spectrometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eriksson, J. Castegnetti, G.; Conroy, S.; Ericsson, G.; Hellesen, C.; Giacomelli, L.

    2014-11-15

    In this work we estimate the fuel ion density profile in deuterium plasmas at JET, using the JET neutron camera, the neutron time-of-flight spectrometer TOFOR, and fusion reactivities modeled by the transport code TRANSP. The framework has been tested using synthetic data, which showed that the density profile could be reconstructed with an average accuracy of the order of 10 %. The method has also been applied to neutron measurements from a neutral beam heated JET discharge, which gave n{sub d}/n{sub e} ? 0.6 ± 0.3 in the plasma core and n{sub d}/n{sub e} ? 0.4 ± 0.3 towards the edge. Correction factors for detector efficiencies, neutron attenuation, and back-scattering are not yet included in the analysis; future work will aim at refining the estimated density.

  17. Infrasonic crackle and supersonic jet noise from the eruption of Nabro Volcano, Eritrea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fee, D; Matoza, RS; Gee, KL; Neilsen, TB; Ogden, DE

    2013-01-01

    the sound from man-made jet engine ?ows (jet noise) [Matozaby man-made supersonic jet engines and rockets and isfrom heated, supersonic jet engines and rockets, suggesting

  18. Spark ignition of lifted turbulent jet flames

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahmed, S.F.; Mastorakos, E. [Hopkinson Laboratory, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PZ (United Kingdom)

    2006-07-15

    This paper presents experiments on ignition and subsequent edge flame propagation in turbulent nonpremixed methane jets in air. The spark position, energy, duration, electrode diameter and gap, and the jet velocity and air premixing of the fuel stream are examined to study their effects on the ignition probability defined as successful flame establishment. The flame is visualized by a high-speed camera and planar laser-induced fluorescence of OH. It was found that after an initially spherical shape, the flame took a cylindrical shape with a propagating edge upstream. The probability of successful ignition increases with high spark energy, thin electrode diameter and wide gap, but decreases with increasing dilution of the jet with air. The flame kernel growth rate is high when the ignition probability is high for all parameters, except for jet velocity. Increasing the jet velocity decreases the ignition probability at all locations. The average flame position as a function of time from the spark was measured and the data were used to estimate a net propagation speed, which then resulted in an estimate of the average edge flame speed relative to the incoming flow. This was about 3 to 6 laminar burning velocities of a stoichiometric mixture. The measurements can assist theoretical models for the probability of ignition of nonpremixed flames and for edge flame propagation in turbulent inhomogeneous mixtures, both of which determine the success of ignition in practical combustion systems. (author)

  19. ON THE STRUCTURE AND STABILITY OF MAGNETIC TOWER JETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huarte-Espinosa, M.; Frank, A.; Blackman, E. G.; Ciardi, A.; Hartigan, P.; Lebedev, S. V.; Chittenden, J. P.

    2012-09-20

    Modern theoretical models of astrophysical jets combine accretion, rotation, and magnetic fields to launch and collimate supersonic flows from a central source. Near the source, magnetic field strengths must be large enough to collimate the jet requiring that the Poynting flux exceeds the kinetic energy flux. The extent to which the Poynting flux dominates kinetic energy flux at large distances from the engine distinguishes two classes of models. In magneto-centrifugal launch models, magnetic fields dominate only at scales {approx}< 100 engine radii, after which the jets become hydrodynamically dominated (HD). By contrast, in Poynting flux dominated (PFD) magnetic tower models, the field dominates even out to much larger scales. To compare the large distance propagation differences of these two paradigms, we perform three-dimensional ideal magnetohydrodynamic adaptive mesh refinement simulations of both HD and PFD stellar jets formed via the same energy flux. We also compare how thermal energy losses and rotation of the jet base affects the stability in these jets. For the conditions described, we show that PFD and HD exhibit observationally distinguishable features: PFD jets are lighter, slower, and less stable than HD jets. Unlike HD jets, PFD jets develop current-driven instabilities that are exacerbated as cooling and rotation increase, resulting in jets that are clumpier than those in the HD limit. Our PFD jet simulations also resemble the magnetic towers that have been recently created in laboratory astrophysical jet experiments.

  20. Search for TeV-scale gravity signatures in final states with leptons and jets with the ATLAS detector at ?s = 7 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Frank E.

    The production of events with multiple high transverse momentum particles including charged leptons and jets is measured, using 1.04 fb[superscript ?1] of proton–proton collision data recorded by the ATLAS detector during ...

  1. CREDO: a Military Decision-Support System based on Credal Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antonucci, Alessandro

    CREDO: a Military Decision-Support System based on Credal Networks Alessandro Antonucci David Huber (Sect. V). These ideas have been implemented in a Java software tool, called CREDO, as part of a project for space security based on a credal network, which have been developed and tested with CREDO during

  2. Self-Organizing Relay Network Supporting Remotely Deployed Sensor Nodes in Military Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eliassen, Frank

    Self-Organizing Relay Network Supporting Remotely Deployed Sensor Nodes in Military Operations Dalimir Orfanus, Frank Eliassen Department of Informatics University of Oslo Oslo, Norway dalimir.orfanus@no.abb. Thus, alternative communications approaches have to be used, such as relay links via unmanned aerial

  3. The Relationship Between Perceived Resilience and Perceived Motivation on the Educational Pursuits of the Military Spouse 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Laurie Lynn

    2014-07-29

    A IRB APPROVAL LETTER ................................................................... 109 APPENDIX B PAO AUTHORIZATION ...................................................................... 110 vii Page APPENDIX C PRE-NOTICE EMAIL... Procedures ....................................................... 38 Table 2 Gender of Respondents and Rank of Respondents' Spouses (n=110) .......... 40 Table 3 Gender and Educational Attainment of Military Spouses ............................ 46...

  4. The Military Tuition Benefit: A North Carolina resident does not lose his/her resident status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Jiancheng

    The Military Tuition Benefit: A North Carolina resident does not lose his/her resident status for tuition purposes solely by serving in the armed forces outside this State. Under a special North Carolina Statute, members of the armed services stationed in North Carolina on active duty and their dependents who

  5. CEMP-EC 13 February 1995 TRI-SERVICE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM (MCP) INDEX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    CEMP-EC 13 February 1995 TABLE IV TRI-SERVICE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM (MCP) INDEX FOR FY 1996 ------------- 1893 1 JUL 1994 ------------- 1908 2.6% 1 OCT 1994 ------------- 1923 --------------- 1 JAN 1995 ------------- 1937 FY 1995 1 APR 1995 ------------- 1945 1 JUL 1995 ------------- 1962 2.9% 1 OCT 1995

  6. Personality Predictors of First-Year Attrition From A Military Training Program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chalupa, Samantha Brooke

    2013-09-24

    In military training programs, program attrition is a problem not only financially but also in terms of its effects on the team environment and team morale. The purpose of this study is to compare freshmen cadets who choose to stay in the Corps...

  7. ERDCTR-12-10 Index of Available Research on Military Impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fehmi, Jeffrey S.

    ERDCTR-12-10 Index of Available Research on Military Impacts Optimal Allocation of Land Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. #12;#12;ERDC TR-12-10 June 2012 Index of Available, and to recommend the implementation of a more cost-effective, regional strategic approach for future land

  8. Operational Experience and Research Directions in Military Night Vision Equipment Chris Johnson,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Chris

    to the human eye. Living and man-made objects tend to emit radiation, for instance in the form of heatOperational Experience and Research Directions in Military Night Vision Equipment Chris Johnson resolution. A second area of interest focuses on detecting electro-magnetic radiation that is not visible

  9. MODELING/GIS, RISK ASSESSMENT, ECONOMIC IMPACT A Probabilistic Risk Assessment for Deployed Military Personnel After

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Robert K. D.

    MODELING/GIS, RISK ASSESSMENT, ECONOMIC IMPACT A Probabilistic Risk Assessment for Deployed a retrospective probabilistic risk assessment for military personnel potentially exposed to insecticides during, and cypermethrin used for residual sprays. We used the risk quotient (RQ) method for our risk assessment (estimated

  10. The future of components for high reliability military and space applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanlon, J.T. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Component Information and Management Dept.

    1996-02-01

    Military specified, ceramic packaged and radiation hardened components will disappear before the end of the century. The only long-term sustainable alternative may well be to use plastic packaged Commercial Components. The material in this report comes from the Defense Logistics Agency sponsored Plastic Package Availability Program and from an AT and T field reliability study. It summarizes Case Studies from companies which have been building and fielding highly reliable commercial and DOD military systems using plastic commercial components. Findings are, that when properly selected commercial components are operated within the true limitations of their design and packaging, they are as reliable as today`s Mil Spec components. Further, they offer cost, space and weight savings, shared manufacturing and field test experience with industry, and access to the most modern technology. Also reported are potential problems that may be encountered when using commercial components, their long term storage and use reliability characteristics, recommended design processes and supplier selection practices, commercial best business practices, and a semiconductor manufacturer`s view of the military`s switch to commercial plastic microcircuits.

  11. Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (970) 491-2748 cemml@cemml.colostate.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on responsible management of natural resources and ecosystems. Effective planning and management sustains to incorporate the protection of natural resources with military training objectives. CEMML has a knowledgeable staff with the capability and experience to complete Integrated Natural Resources Management Plans

  12. A system architecture for long duration free floating flight for military applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Epley, L.E. )

    1990-08-31

    Accessibility is today's space frontier. Our need for wide-band global communications, earth imaging an sensing, atmospheric measurements and military reconnaissance is endless but growing dependence on space-based systems raises concerns about potential vulnerability. Military commanders want space assets more accessible and under direct local control. As a result, a robust and low cost access to space-like capability has become a national priority. Buoyant vehicles, free floating in the middle stratosphere could provide the kind of cost effective access to space-like capability needed for a verity of missions. These vehicles are inexpensive, invisible and easily launched. Developments in payload electronics, atmospheric wind modeling and materials combined with ever-improving communications and navigation infrastructure are making balloon-borne concepts more attractive. The fundamental question is whether a free floating balloon, used in a pseudo-satellite role, has value in a military system. Flight tests are ongoing under NASA sponsorship. Following these tests NASA intends to use the vehicles for research in the Antarctic. The concept is being reviewed by other agencies interested in stratospheric research. We believe that LDFFF systems have applications in areas of communications, surveillance and other traditional satellite missions. Dialogue with the broader community of space users is needed to expand the applications. This report reviews the status of the recent flight tests and presents an overview of the concept of Long Duration Free Floating Flight for military applications. 12 refs., 13 figs.

  13. Measurements of the W production cross sections in association with jets with the ATLAS detector

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Aad, G.

    2015-02-19

    This paper presents cross sections for the production of a W boson in association with jets, measured in proton–proton collisions at \\(\\sqrt{s} = 7\\) TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the large hadron collider. With an integrated luminosity of 4.6fb-1, this data set allows for an exploration of a large kinematic range, including jet production up to a transverse momentum of 1TeV and multiplicities up to seven associated jets. The production cross sections for W bosons are measured in both the electron and muon decay channels. Differential cross sections for many observables are also presented including measurements of the jetmore »observables such as the rapidities and the transverse momenta as well as measurements of event observables such as the scalar sums of the transverse momenta of the jets. As a result, the measurements are compared to numerous QCD predictions including next-to-leading-order perturbative calculations, resummation calculations and Monte Carlo generators.« less

  14. Snowmass 2001: Jet Energy Flow Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. F. Berger; E. L. Berger; P. C. Bhat; J. M. Butterworth; S. D. Ellis; B. Flaugher; W. T. Giele; W. Kilgore; A. Kulesza; S. Lammers; S. Magill; H. Prosper

    2002-02-21

    Conventional cone jet algorithms arose from heuristic considerations of LO hard scattering coupled to independent showering. These algorithms implicitly assume that the final states of individual events can be mapped onto a unique set of jets that are in turn associated with a unique set of underlying hard scattering partons. Thus each final state hadron is assigned to a unique underlying parton. The Jet Energy Flow (JEF) analysis described here does not make such assumptions. The final states of individual events are instead described in terms of flow distributions of hadronic energy. Quantities of physical interest are constructed from the energy flow distribution summed over all events. The resulting analysis is less sensitive to higher order perturbative corrections and the impact of showering and hadronization than the standard cone algorithms.

  15. On the Misalignment of Jets in Microquasars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas J. Maccarone

    2002-09-05

    We discuss the timescales for alignment of black hole and accretion disc spins in the context of binary systems. We show that for black holes that are formed with substantial angular momentum, the alignment timescales are likely to be at least a substantial fraction of the systems' lifetimes. This result explains the observed misalignment of the disc and the jet in the microquasar GRO J 1655-40 and in SAX J 1819-2525 as being likely due to the Bardeen-Petterson effect. We discuss the implications of these results on the mass estimate for GRS 1915+105, which has assumed the jet is perpendicular to the orbital plane of the system and may hence be an underestimate. We show that the timescales for the spin alignment in Cygnus X-3 are consistent with the likely misalignment of disc and jet in that system, and that this is suggested by the observational data.

  16. Mixing enhancement by use of swirling jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kraus, D.K.; Cutler, A.D.

    1993-01-01

    It has been proposed that the mixing of fuel with air in the combustor of scramjet engines might be enhanced by the addition of swirl to the fuel jet prior to injection. This study investigated the effects of swirl on the mixing of a 30 deg wall jet into a Mach 2 flow. Cases with swirl and without swirl were investigated, with both helium and air simulating the fuel. Rayleigh scattering was used to visualize the flow, and seeding the fuel with water allowed it to be traced through the main flow. The results show that the addition of swirl to the fuel jet causes the fuel to mix more rapidly with the main flow, that larger amounts of swirl increase this effect, and that helium spreads better into the main flow than air. 12 refs.

  17. Electromagnetic Jets from Stars and Black Holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuel E. Gralla; Alexandru Lupsasca; Maria J. Rodriguez

    2015-04-08

    We present analytic force-free solutions modeling rotating stars and black holes immersed in the magnetic field of a thin disk that terminates at an inner radius. The solutions are exact in flat spacetime and approximate in Kerr spacetime. The compact object produces a conical jet whose properties carry information about its nature. For example, the jet from a star is surrounded by a current sheet, while that of a black hole is smooth. We compute an effective resistance in each case and compare to the canonical values used in circuit models of energy extraction. These solutions illustrate all of the basic features of the Blandford-Znajek process for energy extraction and jet formation in a clean setting.

  18. Electromagnetic Jets from Stars and Black Holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gralla, Samuel E; Rodriguez, Maria J

    2015-01-01

    We present analytic force-free solutions modeling rotating stars and black holes immersed in the magnetic field of a thin disk that terminates at an inner radius. The solutions are exact in flat spacetime and approximate in Kerr spacetime. The compact object produces a conical jet whose properties carry information about its nature. For example, the jet from a star is surrounded by a current sheet, while that of a black hole is smooth. We compute an effective resistance in each case and compare to the canonical values used in circuit models of energy extraction. These solutions illustrate all of the basic features of the Blandford-Znajek process for energy extraction and jet formation in a clean setting.

  19. Stability of a jet in crossflow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilak, Miloš; Bagheri, Shervin; Chevalier, Mattias; Henningson, Dan S

    2010-01-01

    We have produced a fluid dynamics video with data from Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) of a jet in crossflow at several low values of the velocity inflow ratio R. We show that, as the velocity ratio R increases, the flow evolves from simple periodic vortex shedding (a limit cycle) to more complicated quasi-periodic behavior, before finally exhibiting asymmetric chaotic motion. We also perform a stability analysis just above the first bifurcation, where R is the bifurcation parameter. Using the overlap of the direct and the adjoint eigenmodes, we confirm that the first instability arises in the shear layer downstream of the jet orifice on the boundary of the backflow region just behind the jet.

  20. A powerful hydrodynamic booster for relativistic jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miguel A. Aloy; Luciano Rezzolla

    2006-02-20

    Velocities close to the speed of light are a robust observational property of the jets observed in microquasars and AGNs, and are expected to be behind much of the phenomenology of GRBs. Yet, the mechanism boosting relativistic jets to such large Lorentz factors is still essentially unknown. Building on recent general-relativistic, multidimensional simulations of progenitors of short GRBs, we discuss a new effect in relativistic hydrodynamics which can act as an efficient booster in jets. This effect is purely hydrodynamical and occurs when large velocities tangential to a discontinuity are present in the flow, yielding Lorentz factors $\\Gamma \\sim 10^2-10^3$ or larger in flows with moderate initial Lorentz factors. Although without a Newtonian counterpart, this effect can be explained easily through the most elementary hydrodynamical flow: i.e., a relativistic Riemann problem.

  1. Jet Rates in Deep Inelastic Scattering at Small $x$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. R. Webber

    1998-10-08

    The recent results of Forshaw and Sabio Vera on small-$x$ jet rates to order $\\alpha_s^3$ are extended to all orders, for any number of jets. A simple generating function is obtained.

  2. Active noise control of supersonic impinging jet using pulsed microjets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Seung Hyuck

    2009-01-01

    This thesis concerns an active noise control of supersonic impinging jet flow using unsteady microjet injection. Supersonic impinging jet involves several problems such as lift loss, ground erosion, significant noise ...

  3. Atomization of a High Speed Jet Zhiliang Xu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New York at Stoney Brook, State University of

    in 2D. The high speed flow in the nozzle gives rise to cavitation, i.e. a mixed liquid-vapor region, i.e. jet breakup and spray formation, are a challenge to modern hydrodynamics. To predict jet

  4. Feedback control of flow separation using synthetic jets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Kihwan

    2006-04-12

    The primary goal of this research is to assess the effect of synthetic jets on flow separation and provide a feedback control strategy for flow separation using synthetic jets. The feedback control synthesis is conducted based upon CFD simulation...

  5. Active flow separation control using synthetic jet actuators 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Preetham P

    2000-01-01

    The use of synthetic jet actuators for controlling the boundary layer flow and flow separation over a wing is investigated. A theory for the optimum design of actuators using motors is developed. A motor driven synthetic jet actuator is built...

  6. Particle Size Classification of Glass Particles Using Aerodynamic Jet Vectoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Barton L.

    Particle Size Classification of Glass Particles Using Aerodynamic Jet Vectoring Zachary E. Humes blowing and suction control flows­flows that are a fraction of the jet flow rate­to sharply change

  7. Jets and Tori in Proto-Planetary Nebulae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. J. Huggins

    2007-03-21

    We investigate the time sequence for the appearance of jets and molecular tori in the transition of stars from the Asymptotic Giant Branch to the planetary nebula phase. Jets and tori are prominent features of this evolution, but their origins are uncertain. Using optical and millimeter line kinematics, we determine the ejection history in a sample of well-observed cases. We find that jets and tori develop nearly simultaneously. We also find evidence that jets typically appear slightly later than tori, with a lag time of a few hundred years. These characteristics provide strong evidence that jets and tori are physically related, and they set new constraints on theories of jet formation. The ejection of a discrete torus followed by jets on a short time scale favors the class of models in which a companion interacts with the central star. Models with long time scales, or with jets followed by a torus, are ruled out.

  8. Images in Emergency Medicine: Irritant Contact Dermatitis from Jet Fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trigger, Christopher C; Eilbert, Wesley

    2009-01-01

    and penetration of JP-8 jet fuel and its components. Toxicoland other kerosene-based fuels have been shown to cause skinContact Dermatitis from Jet Fuel Christopher C. Trigger, MD

  9. Numerical Study of Large Aspect-Ratio Synthetic Jets B. R. Ravi*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mittal, Rajat

    Numerical Study of Large Aspect-Ratio Synthetic Jets B. R. Ravi* and R. Mittal Department jets. A rectangular synthetic jet of aspect-ratio (AR) 8.0 issuing into quiescent air at jet Reynolds number of 300 and Stokes numbers of 6.84 and a jet of infinite aspect ratio with jet Reynolds number 200

  10. QCD Jet Rates with the Inclusive Generalized kt Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erik Gerwick; Ben Gripaios; Steffen Schumann; Bryan Webber

    2013-04-15

    We derive generating functions, valid to next-to-double logarithmic accuracy, for QCD jet rates according to the inclusive forms of the kt, Cambridge/Aachen and anti-kt algorithms, which are equivalent at this level of accuracy. We compare the analytical results with jet rates and average jet multiplicities from the SHERPA event generator, and study the transition between Poisson-like and staircase-like behaviour of jet ratios.

  11. DEUTERONBEAMINTERACTIONWITH Li JET FOR A NEUTRONSOURCE TEST FACILITY*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harilal, S. S.

    of the deuteron beam, jet-thermal hydraulic response, lithium-surface vaporization rate, and dynamic stability vacuum (

  12. On the Counter-jet Emission in GRB Afterglows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang Xin; Huang, Y. F. [Department of Astronomy, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

    2010-10-15

    We investigate the dynamical evolution of double-sided jets and present detailed numerical studies on the emission from the receding jet of gamma-ray bursts. It is found that the receding jet emission is generally very weak and only manifests as a plateau in the late time radio afterglow light curves. Additionally, we find that the effect of synchrotron self-absorption can influence the peak time of the receding jet emission significantly.

  13. Deep inelastic events containing two forward jets at HERA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Kwiecinski; C. A. M. Lewis; A. D. Martin

    1997-07-17

    We use the BFKL equation to calculate the rate of deep inelastic scattering events containing two forward jets (adjacent to the proton remnants) at HERA. We compare the production of two forward jets with that of only one forward jet (the "Mueller" process). We obtain a stable prediction for this two to one jet ratio, which may serve as a measure of the BFKL vertex function.

  14. Relativistic MHD simulations of poynting flux-driven jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guan, Xiaoyue; Li, Hui; Li, Shengtai

    2014-01-20

    Relativistic, magnetized jets are observed to propagate to very large distances in many active galactic nuclei (AGNs). We use three-dimensional relativistic MHD simulations to study the propagation of Poynting flux-driven jets in AGNs. These jets are already assumed to be being launched from the vicinity (?10{sup 3} gravitational radii) of supermassive black holes. Jet injections are characterized by a model described in Li et al., and we follow the propagation of these jets to ?parsec scales. We find that these current-carrying jets are always collimated and mildly relativistic. When ?, the ratio of toroidal-to-poloidal magnetic flux injection, is large the jet is subject to nonaxisymmetric current-driven instabilities (CDI) which lead to substantial dissipation and reduced jet speed. However, even with the presence of instabilities, the jet is not disrupted and will continue to propagate to large distances. We suggest that the relatively weak impact by the instability is due to the nature of the instability being convective and the fact that the jet magnetic fields are rapidly evolving on Alfvénic time scales. We present the detailed jet properties and show that far from the jet launching region, a substantial amount of magnetic energy has been transformed into kinetic energy and thermal energy, producing a jet magnetization number ? < 1. In addition, we have also studied the effects of a gas pressure supported 'disk' surrounding the injection region, and qualitatively similar global jet behaviors were observed. We stress that jet collimation, CDIs, and the subsequent energy transitions are intrinsic features of current-carrying jets.

  15. Inclusive-jet cross sections in NC DIS at HERA and a comparison of the kT, anti-kT and SIScone jet algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The ZEUS Collaboration; H. Abramowicz

    2010-03-15

    For the first time, differential inclusive-jet cross sections have been measured in neutral current deep inelastic ep scattering using the anti-kT and SIScone algorithms. The measurements were made for boson virtualities Q^2 > 125 GeV^2 with the ZEUS detector at HERA using an integrated luminosity of 82 pb^-1 and the jets were identified in the Breit frame. The performance and suitability of the jet algorithms for their use in hadron-like reactions were investigated by comparing the measurements to those performed with the kT algorithm. Next-to-leading-order QCD calculations give a good description of the measurements. Measurements of the ratios of cross sections using different jet algorithms are also presented; the measured ratios are well described by calculations including up to O(alphas^3) terms. Values of alphas(Mz) were extracted from the data; the results are compatible with and have similar precision to the value extracted from the kT analysis.

  16. Search for Gluino-Mediated Supersymmetry in Events With Bottom-Quark Jets and Missing Transverse Energy With the Compact Muon Solenoid Detector at the Large Hadron Collider With Proton-Proton Collisions at 8 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Harold

    2013-01-01

    Jets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67 Photon + Jets Control Sample . . . . . . . . .71 t t ¯ , W +jets, Single Top, and QCD

  17. High pressure water jet mining machine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barker, Clark R. (Rolla, MO)

    1981-05-05

    A high pressure water jet mining machine for the longwall mining of coal is described. The machine is generally in the shape of a plowshare and is advanced in the direction in which the coal is cut. The machine has mounted thereon a plurality of nozzle modules each containing a high pressure water jet nozzle disposed to oscillate in a particular plane. The nozzle modules are oriented to cut in vertical and horizontal planes on the leading edge of the machine and the coal so cut is cleaved off by the wedge-shaped body.

  18. Enhancement of wall jet transport properties

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Claunch, S.D.; Farrington, R.B.

    1997-02-04

    By enhancing the natural instabilities in the boundary layer and in the free shear layer of a wall jet, the boundary is minimized thereby increasing the transport of heat and mass. Enhancing the natural instabilities is accomplished by pulsing the flow of air that creates the wall jet. Such pulsing of the flow of air can be accomplished by sequentially occluding and opening a duct that confines and directs the flow of air, such as by rotating a disk on an axis transverse to the flow of air in the duct. 17 figs.

  19. Jet Spaces in Modern Hamiltonian Biomechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ivancevic, Tijana T; Stankovic, Ratko; Markovic, Sasa

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we propose the time-dependent Hamiltonian form of human biomechanics, as a sequel to our previous work in time-dependent Lagrangian biomechanics [1]. Starting with the Covariant Force Law, we first develop autonomous Hamiltonian biomechanics. Then we extend it using a powerful geometrical machinery consisting of fibre bundles and jet manifolds associated to the biomechanical configuration manifold. We derive time-dependent, dissipative, Hamiltonian equations and the fitness evolution equation for the general time-dependent human biomechanical system. Keywords: Human biomechanics, covariant force law, configuration manifold, jet manifolds, time-dependent Hamiltonian dynamics

  20. Gamma-Ray Bursts: Jets and Energetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Frail

    2003-11-12

    The relativistic outflows from gamma-ray bursts are now thought to be narrowly collimated into jets. After correcting for this jet geometry there is a remarkable constancy of both the energy radiated by the burst and the kinetic energy carried by the outflow. Gamma-ray bursts are still the most luminous explosions in the Universe, but they release energies that are comparable to supernovae. The diversity of cosmic explosions appears to be governed by the fraction of energy that is coupled to ultra-relativistic ejecta.