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1

Teichert Aggregates | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Teichert Aggregates Teichert Aggregates Jump to: navigation, search Name Teichert Aggregates Facility Teichert Aggregates Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Teichert Aggregates Developer Foundation Windpower Energy Purchaser Teichert Aggregates Location South of Tracy CA Coordinates 37.616169°, -121.356236° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.616169,"lon":-121.356236,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

2

Public Sector Energy Efficiency Aggregation Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Public Sector Energy Efficiency Aggregation Program Public Sector Energy Efficiency Aggregation Program Public Sector Energy Efficiency Aggregation Program < Back Eligibility Fed. Government Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Other Maximum Rebate $4,000,000 Program Info Expiration Date 3/22/2013 State Illinois Program Type State Grant Program Rebate Amount $500,000-$4,000,000 Provider Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity The Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity (DCEO) administers the Illinois Energy Now programs, including the Public Sector Energy Efficiency Aggregation Program. The program will allow public sector participants to combine energy efficiency projects in order to simplify the application process and implement projects that might otherwise be

3

Aggregated Purchasing - A Clean Energy Strategy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A number of organizations, including municipalities, state and federal agencies, businesses and even religious organizations are leading the way to a renewable energy future by using their collective buying power to purchase green power. The city of Chicago has formed an alliance with 47 other local government agencies to increase their reliance on clean energy sources. As part of this effort, Chicago has installed solar electric systems on a number of the city's buildings, including the Chicago Center for Green Technology shown here. City of Chicago Aggregated Purchasing-A Clean Energy Strategy SOLAR TODAY Aggregated Purchasing-A Clean Energy Strategy by Lori A. Bird and Edward A. Holt November/December 2002 35 Power generated from renewable resources, also known as "green" power, is

4

Modeling Energy Demand Aggregators for Residential Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current world-wide increase of energy demand cannot be matched by energy production and power grid updateModeling Energy Demand Aggregators for Residential Consumers G. Di Bella, L. Giarr`e, M. Ippolito, A. Jean-Marie, G. Neglia and I. Tinnirello § January 2, 2014 Abstract Energy demand aggregators

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

5

Illinois Solar Energy Association - Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Illinois Solar Energy Association - Renewable Energy Credit Illinois Solar Energy Association - Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation Program Illinois Solar Energy Association - Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate $105/MWh) Program Info Start Date 01/01/2010 State Illinois Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount $105/MWh '''''RECAP is not currently accepting applications. The most recent solicitation closed April 30th, 2013. Check the program web site for information regarding future solicitations. ''''' The Illinois Solar Energy Association offers the Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation Program (RECAP) to Illinois solar photovoltaic (PV) system

6

Small Generator Aggregation (Maine) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Generator Aggregation (Maine) Generator Aggregation (Maine) Small Generator Aggregation (Maine) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Green Power Purchasing Provider Public Utilities Commission This section establishes requirements for electricity providers to purchase

7

Commercial Building Tenant Energy Usage Aggregation and Privacy  

SciTech Connect

A growing number of building owners are benchmarking their building energy use. This requires the building owner to acquire monthly whole-building energy usage information, which can be challenging for buildings in which individual tenants have their own utility meters and accounts with the utility. Some utilities and utility regulators have turned to aggregation of customer energy use data (CEUD) as a way to give building owners whole-building energy usage data while protecting customer privacy. Meter profile aggregation adds a layer of protection that decreases the risk of revealing CEUD as the number of meters aggregated increases. The report statistically characterizes the similarity between individual energy usage patterns and whole-building totals at various levels of meter aggregation.

Livingston, Olga V.; Pulsipher, Trenton C.; Anderson, David M.; Wang, Na

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

8

Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable Communication Devices Pavel Somavat1 consumption, questions are being asked about the energy contribution of computing equipment. Al- though studies have documented the share of energy consumption by this type of equipment over the years, research

Namboodiri, Vinod

9

Energy-Efficient Multiple Routing Trees for Aggregate Query Evaluation in Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy-Efficient Multiple Routing Trees for Aggregate Query Evaluation in Sensor Networks Yuzhen is of paramount importance. Energy-efficient routing trees built for in-network pro- cessing play a central role multiple routing trees in sensor networks for the evaluation of a class of aggre- gate queries including

Liang, Weifa

10

Econometric Estimation of the Aggregate Impacts of Energy Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Econometric Estimation of the Aggregate Impacts of Energy Efficiency Econometric Estimation of the Aggregate Impacts of Energy Efficiency Programs: Report on a California Pilot Study Speaker(s): Marvin J. Horowitz Date: February 26, 2013 - 2:00pm Location: 90-3075 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Alan Sanstad The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) recently funded a study in which local area aggregated electricity and natural gas consumption in California from 2006 through 2010 were analyzed econometrically. Data were available to estimate electricity energy efficiency program impacts for two of the three large California investor-owned utilities. The findings indicate that net savings from these programs for the 2006-2010 period amounted to 11,391 GWh, or 7.3 percent of annual electricity consumption. This point estimate is 50 percent higher than the CPUC

11

Incorporating Aggregated PV Systems into the Power Grid | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incorporating Aggregated PV Systems into the Power Grid Incorporating Aggregated PV Systems into the Power Grid Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.gwec.net/index.php?id=131 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/spain-installed-wind-capacity-website Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Feed-in Tariffs This website presents an overview of total installed wind energy capacity in Spain per year from 2000 to 2010. The page also presents the main market developments from 2010; a policy summary; a discussion of the revision in feed-in tariffs in 2010; and a future market outlook. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Incorporating_Aggregated_PV_Systems_into_the_Power_Grid&oldid=514463

12

Low energy WSN data aggregation algorithm based on improved aggregation tree model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To keep the data synchronisation and fidelity of each node in wireless sensor network (WSN), we propose a router-combined data fusion algorithm based on broadcast tree. The approximation algorithm is used to transform the optimum aggregation tree into NP-C problem to solve the smallest Steiner tree. Then the cluster-based optimising directed diffusion routing is adopted to construct aggregation tree for data fusion. At the fusion phase, we introduce consensus factor to support degree matrix, to replace original constant factor and provide more weight effect for reliable sensor. The improved support degree matrix will measure the support degree of each sensor to form a novel weighted fusion algorithm. The analyses on simulation show that our fusion algorithm can make data fusion effectively, which also has higher performance in delay, energy and accuracy.

Pinghui Zou; Yun Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy: a background text. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect

Some of the most common forms of renewable energy are presented in this textbook for students. The topics include solar energy, wind power hydroelectric power, biomass ocean thermal energy, and tidal and geothermal energy. The main emphasis of the text is on the sun and the solar energy that it yields. Discussions on the sun's composition and the relationship between the earth, sun and atmosphere are provided. Insolation, active and passive solar systems, and solar collectors are the subtopics included under solar energy. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Efficient Fster energy transfer : from phosphorescent organic molecules to J-aggregate thin film  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis demonstrates the first ever use of Forster resonance energy transfer (FRET) to increase the quantum efficiency of a electrically pumped J-aggregate light emitting device (JLED). J-aggregate thin films are highly ...

Shirasaki, Yasuhiro

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Commercial Building Tenant Energy Usage Data Aggregation and Privacy: Technical Appendix  

SciTech Connect

This technical appendix accompanies report PNNL23786 Commercial Building Tenant Energy Usage Data Aggregation and Privacy. The objective is to provide background information on the methods utilized in the statistical analysis of the aggregation thresholds.

Livingston, Olga V.; Pulsipher, Trenton C.; Anderson, David M.

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

16

Impact of Transportation on Cost, Energy and Particulate Emissions for Recycled Concrete Aggregate.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??IMPACT OF TRANSPORTATION ON COST, ENERGY AND PARTICULATE EMISSIONS FOR RECYCLED CONCRETE AGGREGATE Transportation distances can have a huge impact on cost, energy, and particulate (more)

Hameed, Mohamed

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Including Retro-Commissioning in Federal Energy Savings Performance Contracts  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Guidance document on the importance of (and steps to) including retro-commissioning in Federal energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs).

18

Solar Energy Education. Reader, Part II. Sun story. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect

Magazine articles which focus on the subject of solar energy are presented. The booklet prepared is the second of a four part series of the Solar Energy Reader. Excerpts from the magazines include the history of solar energy, mythology and tales, and selected poetry on the sun. A glossary of energy related terms is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Free Energy Efficiency Kit includes CFL light bulbs,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free Energy Efficiency Kit Kit includes CFL light bulbs, spray foam, low-flow shower head, and more! Building Science 101 Presentation BPI Certified Building Professionals will present home energy efficiency for discounted energy assessments. FREE HOME ENERGY EFFICIENCY SEMINAR N e w R i ver L i g ht & Pow e r a n d W

Rose, Annkatrin

20

FEMP Expands ESPC ENABLE Program to Include More Energy Conservation...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

(ESPC) ENABLE program to include two new energy conservation measures (ECMs): solar photovoltaic (PV) and simple one-for-one heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC)...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Including Retro-Commissioning in Federal Energy Savings Performance Contracts  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Document describes guidance on the importance of (and steps to) including retro-commissioning in federal energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs).

22

Nanocrystal/J-aggregate constructs : chemistry, energy transfer, and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The interaction of light with matter is one of the most central subjects to modern chemistry. Two types of materials, semiconductor nanocrystals and J-aggregates of cyanine dyes, have been developed chiefly due to their ...

Walker, Brian J. (Brian Jacob)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Mechanism design for aggregating energy consumption and quality of service in speed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a way that minimizes energy while respecting the jobs' deadlines. The energy consumption is then chargedScale. Higher speed means that jobs finish earlier at the price of a higher energy consumption. Each job hasMechanism design for aggregating energy consumption and quality of service in speed scaling

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

24

AN ENERGY-AWARE SPANNING TREE AlGORITHM FOR DATA AGGREGATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN ENERGY-AWARE SPANNING TREE AlGORITHM FOR DATA AGGREGATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS Marc Lee. In this paper, we propose E-Span, which is an energy-aware spanning tree algorithm. E-Span is a distributed's residual energy. In [5], a dynamic convoy tree-based collaboration framework for tracking a mobile target

Wong, Vincent

25

Energy Policy 30 (2002) 151163 Aggregating physical intensity indicators: results of applying the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

indicators measure the energy used per dollar of GDP produced by some sector, sub-sector, industry or productEnergy Policy 30 (2002) 151­163 Aggregating physical intensity indicators: results of applying School of Resource and Environmental Management, Energy Research Group, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby

26

Single Lvy StatesDisorder Induced Energy Funnels in Molecular Aggregates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent theoretical work(56, 57) considered 1D J-aggregates where the monomer energies were taken from such heavy-tailed distributions and found drastically different properties related to the formation of so-called outliersexciton states with significantly lower energy than the states dominating the absorption spectra. ... describing the effects of inhomogeneous broadening and energetic disorder on the energy transfer. ...

Aboma Merdasa; ngel J. Jimnez; Rafael Camacho; Matthias Meyer; Frank Wrthner; Ivan G. Scheblykin

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

27

Relationship Between Surface Free Energy and Total Work of Fracture of Asphalt Binder and Asphalt Binder-Aggregate Interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the surface free energy of the asphalt binder and the aggregate. Surface free energy, which is a thermodynamic material property, is directly related to the adhesive bond energy between the asphalt binder and the aggregate as well as the cohesive bond energy...

Howson, Jonathan Embrey

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

28

Hierarchal Light-Harvesting Aggregates and Their Potential for Solar Energy Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hierarchal Light-Harvesting Aggregates and Their Potential for Solar Energy Applications ... She is professor of chemistry and materials science at Washington State University, where she focuses her long-standing interest in photoinduced electron transfer on the problem of achieving sustainable and economical solar energy conversion. ...

Jeanne L. McHale

2012-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

29

Application of Asphalt-aggregates Interfacial Energies to Evaluate Moisture-induced Damage of Warm Mix Asphalt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract With increasing environmental awareness and high oil prices, use of warm mix asphalt (WMA) is gaining popularity in the asphalt industry. Different WMA technologies including use of additives to reduce the mixing and compaction temperatures are being applied. The present study uses the surface free energy (SFE) method as a mechanistic framework to evaluate the moisture susceptibility of warm mix asphalt (WMA) with Evotherm WMA-additive. The SFE components of a modified PG64-22 asphalt binder with different percentages of Evotherm and selected aggregates were measured in the laboratory. The work of adhesion, the work of debonding, and energy ratios were estimated to assess the moisture-induced damage potential of combinations of neat and Evotherm-modified asphalt binders and different aggregates. The results indicated that use of Evotherm resulted in increase in total SFE and work of adhesion and a reduction in the work of debonding, indicating a better possible aggregate-asphalt binder bond and lower moisture susceptibility potential. It is expected that the present study would be helpful in understanding the moisture-damage potential of flexible pavements constructed with WMA technologies.

Rouzbeh Ghabchi; Dharamveer Singh; Musharraf Zaman; Qingyan Tian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Recent atomistic modelling studies of energy materials: batteries included  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in functional materials for energy conversion and storage technologies...addressing the global challenge of green sustainable energy. This article aims to demonstrate...addressing the global challenge of green sustainable energy. This article aims to demonstrate...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Application Design Website: www.leonardo-energy.orgwebinar-introduction-small-scale-wind-energy-s Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentintroduction-small-scale-wind-en...

32

Data and analysis on energy usage included: Taking readings on energy each minute  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix B Data and analysis on energy usage included: § Taking readings on energy each minute § 14 usage at the schools we monitored. The usage is compared to the PIER target, Title 24, and Ashrae 90

33

Causal relationship between energy consumption and GDP in Tunisia: aggregated and disaggregated analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the causality between energy consumption and GDP in Tunisia for the 1980 to 2009 period at both aggregated and disaggregated levels as oil, natural gas, and electricity. To determine the Granger causality in the presence of cointegration between variables, a vector error correction model (VECM) is used instead of an autoregressive model (VAR). In the short-run, the neutrality hypothesis is supported between total energy consumption and GDP. This is also true between GDP and oil consumption in one hand and the gas consumption in other hand. Whereas a unidirectional is detected from electricity to the GDP is found (growth hypothesis). In the long-run, total energy consumption, in aggregate and disaggregated forms (gas and electricity) causes GDP (growth hypothesis). For against GDP causes oil consumption (conservation hypothesis). Consequently, the policy makers in Tunisia should place priority an increased commitment to aggregated and disaggregated energy consumption will stabilise the country's inefficient spending and allow it to have a stable income stream in the short-term to raise capital for its long-term investments.

Mehdi Abid; Rafaa Mraihi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Including Retro-Commissioning in Federal Energy Savings Performance...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in Federal Energy Savings Performance Contracts Example Retro-Commissioning Statement of Work Introduction to Measurement & Verification for DOE Super ESPC Projects...

35

Influence of Complex Exciton-Phonon Coupling on Optical Absorption and Energy Transfer of Quantum Aggregates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a theory that efficiently describes the quantum dynamics of an electronic excitation that is coupled to a continuous, highly structured phonon environment. Based on a stochastic approach to non-Markovian open quantum systems, we develop a dynamical framework that allows us to handle realistic systems where a fully quantum treatment is desired yet the usual approximation schemes fail. The capability of the method is demonstrated by calculating spectra and energy transfer dynamics of mesoscopic molecular aggregates, elucidating the transition from fully coherent to incoherent transfer.

Jan Roden; Alexander Eisfeld; Wolfgang Wolff; Walter T. Strunz

2009-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

36

FEMP Expands ESPC ENABLE Program to Include More Energy Conservation Measures  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program announced the expansion of the Energy Savings Performance Contract ENABLE program to include two new energy conservation measures.

37

Directional Flooding Scheme with Data Aggregation for Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a directional flooding with data aggregation (DFDA) using hop- ... savings by reducing the redundant transmissions using directional flooding based on hop-count and data aggregation. Our simulation res...

Sung-Hyup Lee; Kang-Won Lee; You-Ze Cho

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Coordinated Aggregation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Coordinated Coordinated Aggregation of Distributed Energy Resources Alejandro Dominguez-Garcia Univ of Illinois Pravin Varaiya & Kameshwar Poolla UC Berkeley August 6, 2013 Dominguez-Garcia, Poolla, Varaiya CERTS Review 2013 August 6, 2013 0 / 45 Our Research Group Students Anand Subramanian, Justin Hughes Jared Porter, Zach Lerner Post-docs Ashutosh Nayyar He Hao, Borhan Sanandaji Faculty Alejandro Dominguez-Garcia Kameshwar Poolla, Pravin Varaiya Dominguez-Garcia, Poolla, Varaiya CERTS Review 2013 August 6, 2013 0 / 45 CERTS Research Activities Network case of Risk-Limiting Dispatch Improved Load Forecasting with fine-grain measurements Coordinated Aggregation of Distributed Resources Dominguez-Garcia, Poolla, Varaiya CERTS Review 2013 August 6, 2013 1 / 45 Risk Limiting Dispatch Dominguez-Garcia, Poolla, Varaiya CERTS Review 2013 August

39

Energy landscapes for protein folding, binding, and aggregation : simple funnels and beyond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

coordinates capture protein folding on smooth landscapes.in the Prediction of Protein Folding Kinetics. Proc. Natl.Landscapes for Protein Folding, Binding, and Aggregation:

Cho, Samuel Sung-Il

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Optimal Participation of DR Aggregators in Day-Ahead Energy and Demand Response Exchange Markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aggregating the Demand Response (DR) is approved as an effective ... transmission system operator, distributors, and retailers in Demand Response eXchange (DRX) market, in addition to...

Ehsan Heydarian-Forushani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Solar Energy Education. Home economics: teacher's guide. Field test edition. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect

An instructional aid is provided for home economics teachers who wish to integrate the subject of solar energy into their classroom activities. This teacher's guide was produced along with the student activities book for home economics by the US Department of Energy Solar Energy Education. A glossary of solar energy terms is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Solar Energy Education. Industrial arts: teacher's guide. Field test edition. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect

An instructional aid is presented which integrates the subject of solar energy into the classroom study of industrial arts. This guide for teachers was produced in addition to the student activities book for industrial arts by the USDOE Solar Energy Education. A glossary of solar energy terms is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Accounting for the Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accounting for the Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable Devices Pavel.S.A vinod.namboodiri@wichita.edu ABSTRACT In light of the increased awareness of global energy consumption the share of energy consumption due to these equipment over the years, these have rarely characterized

Namboodiri, Vinod

44

Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen Case  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen Case Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: System & Application Design Website: www.leonardo-energy.org/webinar-introduction-small-scale-wind-energy-s Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/introduction-small-scale-wind-energy- Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Project Development This video teaches the viewer about wind turbines and RETscreen's wind module, which can be used to project the cost and production of a wind

45

Aggregation of U.S. Population Centers Using Climate Parameters Related to Building Energy Use  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A technique for aggregating population centers into groups based on selected climate parameters is presented. Climate information on the 125 largest Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSAs) in the United States is used to assign each SMSA ...

Brandt Andersson; William L. Carroll; Marlo R. Martin

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Green Power Network: Community Choice Aggregation (CCA)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Community Choice Aggregation (CCA) Community Choice Aggregation (CCA) Community choice aggregation (CCA) is a state policy that enables local governments to aggregate electricity demand within their jurisdictions in order to procure alternative energy supplies while maintaining the existing electricity provider for transmission and distribution services. Many states passed CCA laws as part of electric restructuring legislation in the late 1990s and early 2000s. States that have passed CCA laws include California (2002), Illinois (2009), Massachusetts (1997), New Jersey (2003), Ohio (1999), and Rhode Island (1997). There are many reasons that a community may choose to develop a CCA, including the option to purchase more green power, reduce electricity cost, and provide power from more local sources.

47

AMO Issues Request for Information on Clean Energy Manufacturing Topics, Including Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The AMO seeks information on mid-Technology Readiness Level R&D needs, market challenges, supply chain challenges, and shared facility needs addressing clean energy manufacturing topics, including the fuel cell and hydrogen sectors.

48

Energy Department Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include 1-800  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include 1-800 Number: 1-800-244-3301 Energy Department Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include 1-800 Number: 1-800-244-3301 September 6, 2005 - 9:50am Addthis Washington, DC - Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman announced today that the Department of Energy has expanded its gas gouging reporting system to include a toll-free telephone hotline. The hotline is available to American consumers starting today. "While we've largely seen the best of American generosity and unity throughout the recovery effort, we recognize that there are some bad actors that may try to take advantage of the situation. Consumers are our first line of defense in guarding against gas price gouging. I can assure you, our Administration - from the President down - takes this issue very

49

Reliability enhancement of a radial distribution system using coordinated aggregation based particle swarm optimization considering customer and energy based indices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes an algorithm for optimum modifications for failure rate and repair time for a radial electrical distribution system. The modifications are with respect to a penalty cost function minimization. The cost function has been minimized subject to the energy based and customer oriented indices, i.e. AENS, SAIFI, SAIDI and CAIDI. Coordinated aggregation based particle swarm optimization (CAPSO) has been used for optimization. The algorithm has been implemented on a sample radial distribution system. The results obtained have been compared with those obtained using PSO.

Rajesh Arya; S.C. Choube; L.D. Arya; D.P. Kothari

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Heavy quark collisional energy loss in the quark-gluon plasma including finite relaxation time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we calculate the soft-collisional energy loss of heavy quarks traversing the viscous quark-gluon plasma including the effects of a finite relaxation time $\\tau_\\pi$ on the energy loss. We find that the collisional energy loss depends appreciably on $\\tau_\\pi$ . In particular, for typical values of the viscosity-to-entropy ratio, we show that the energy loss obtained using $\\tau_\\pi$ = 0 can be $\\sim$ 10$\\%$ larger than the one obtained using $\\tau_\\pi$ = 0. Moreover, we find that the energy loss obtained using the kinetic theory expression for $\\tau_\\pi$ is much larger that the one obtained with the $\\tau_\\pi$ derived from the Anti de Sitter/Conformal Field Theory correspondence. Our results may be relevant in the modeling of heavy quark evolution through the quark-gluon plasma.

Mauro Elias; J. Peralta-Ramos; E. Calzetta

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

51

Application of surface energy measurements to evaluate moisture susceptibility of asphalt and aggregates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is assessed using surface energy measurements and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). Surface energy is defined as the energy needed to create a new unit surface area of material in vacuum condition. Surface energy measurements are used to compute the adhesive...

Zollinger, Corey James

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

52

E-Span and LPT for data aggregation in wireless sensor networks Weinan Marc Lee *, Vincent W.S. Wong  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost and improves energy efficiency. In this paper, we propose two different tree structures to facilitate data aggregation. We first propose E-Span, which is an energy-aware spanning tree algorithm. In E energy are chosen as the aggregating parents. LPT also includes a self-healing feature by which the tree

Wong, Vincent

53

Aggregation in sensor networks: An energy-accuracy trade-off  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sensor Networks: An Energy- Accuracy Trade-off Athanassiosacknowledge the energy/accuracy trade-off present whenalgorithm exploits the energy-accuracy trade-off in WASNs to

A. Boulis; S. Ganeriwal; M. B. Srivastava

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" 6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and",,"LPG and","(excluding Coal"," " "End Use","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)"

55

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998;" 1. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ","Coal"," "," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"(excluding Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural Gas(c)","LPG and","Coke and Breeze)"," ","RSE" " ","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","(billion","NGL(d)","(million","Other(e)","Row"

56

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998;" 2. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," "," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal",,"RSE" " "," ","Net","Residual","and",,"LPG and","(excluding Coal"," ","Row" "End Use","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)","Factors"

57

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" 5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ","Coal"," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"(excluding Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural Gas(c)","LPG and","Coke and Breeze)"," " " ","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","(billion","NGL(d)","(million","Other(e)"

58

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2002;" 5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," "," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural ","LPG and","(excluding Coal"," ","RSE" " ","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)","Row"

59

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" 6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and",,"LPG and","(excluding Coal"," " "End Use","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)"

60

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2002;" 6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," "," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal",,"RSE" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural ","LPG and","(excluding Coal"," ","Row" "End Use","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)","Factors"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" 5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ","Coal"," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"(excluding Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural Gas(c)","LPG and","Coke and Breeze)"," " " ","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","(billion","NGL(d)","(million","Other(e)"

62

Evaluation of moisture susceptibility of asphalt mixes containing RAP and different types of aggregates and asphalt binders using the surface free energy method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The surface free energy (SFE) measurement of asphalt binder and aggregate is considered a reliable mechanistic framework for evaluating the moisture-induced damage potential of asphalt mixes. In the present study, the SFE method was used to evaluate the effects of asphalt binder type, Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) and its amount, and aggregate type on the moisture-induced damage potential of asphalt mixes. The SFE components (non-polar, acid and base) of a PG 64-22 and a PG 76-28 (polymer-modified) asphalt binders, blended with different amounts of RAP binder (0%, 10%, 25% and 40%) were measured in the laboratory using a Dynamic Contact Angle (DCA) analyzer. Also, the SFE components of six types of aggregates, namely limestone, rhyolite, sandstone, granite, gravel, and basalt were used in this study. The SFE components of limestone and rhyolite aggregates were measured using a Universal Sorption Device (USD), while those of the sandstone, granite, gravel, and basalt aggregates were obtained from the literature. The energy ratio parameters estimated based on the spreading coefficient, the work of adhesion, and the work of debonding were used to assess the moisture-induced damage potential of different combinations of asphalt binders and different RAP binder contents and aggregates. The SFE test results indicated that the acid SFE component of PG 64-22 and PG 76-28 asphalt binders increase with the addition of RAP binder, while the base SFE component remains almost unchanged. Also, the wettability and the work of adhesion of both PG 64-22 and PG 76-28 asphalt binders over different types of aggregates increased with an increase in RAP content (by 25% and more). Based on the energy ratio parameters, it was found that the resistance to moisture-induced damage increased with an increase in RAP content for both PG 64-22 and PG 76-28 asphalt binders and all types of aggregates, specifically when higher RAP contents were used. Moreover, it was found that the higher the total SFE of the aggregates, the lower the energy ratio parameter values. Therefore, a high total SFE component of aggregate may result in a high moisture-induced damage potential of the mix. The results presented herein are expected to be helpful in mechanistically assessing the moisture-induced damage potential of asphalt mixes, produced with polymer-modified and non-polymer-modified asphalt binders, containing RAP.

Rouzbeh Ghabchi; Dharamveer Singh; Musharraf Zaman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Energy landscapes for protein folding, binding, and aggregation : simple funnels and beyond.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Funneled Energy Landscape Theory is currently the most widely accepted theory of protein folding. In this dissertation, the basic concepts of the Energy Landscape (more)

Cho, Samuel Sung-Il

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Non-Born-Oppenheimer calculations of the lowest vibrational energy of HD including relativistic corrections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work we report variational calculations of the two lowest vibrational states of the HD molecule within the framework that does not assume the Born-Oppenheimer (BO) approximation. The nonrelativistic energies of the states were corrected for the relativistic effects of the order of ?2 (where ?=1c), calculated as expectation values of the operators representing these effects with the nonrelativistic non-BO wave functions. The non-BO wave functions were expanded in terms of the one-center explicitly correlated Gaussian functions multiplied by even powers of the internuclear distance. The v=0?1 transition energy obtained in the calculations is compared with the previous calculations, as well as with the transition frequency obtained from the experimental spectra. The comparison shows the need to include corrections higher than second order in ? to further improve the agreement between the theory and the experiment.

Monika Stanke; Sergiy Bubin; Marcin Molski; Ludwik Adamowicz

2009-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

65

Energy-density-functional calculations including the proton-neutron mixing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results of calculations based on the Skyrme energy density functional including the arbitrary mixing between protons and neutrons. In this framework, single-particle states are superpositions of proton and neutron components and the energy density functional is fully invariant with respect to three-dimensional rotations in the isospin space. The isospin of the system is controlled by means of the isocranking method, which carries over the standard cranking approach to the isospin space. We show numerical results of the isocranking calculations performed for isobaric analogue states in the A=14 and $A=40-56$ nuclei. We also present such results obtained for high-isospin states in $^{48}$Cr, with constraints on the isospin implemented by using the augmented Lagrange method.

Koichi Sato; Jacek Dobaczewski; Takashi Nakatsukasa; Wojciech Satu?a

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

66

Refining building energy modeling through aggregate analysis and probabilistic methods associated with occupant presence.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The building sector represents the largest energy consumer among the United States' end use sectors. As a result, the public and private sector will continue (more)

Stoppel, Christopher Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S. Das, (2006) Reducing Electricity Deficit through EnergyLV supply. Figure 12: Electricity Productivity (Commercialan interesting result. The electricity productivity in both

Sathaye, Jayant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Aggregate model and analysis of the energy dynamics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is facing a crisis in the near future centered on increasing energy consumption. Today, the kingdom consumes approximately 1/3 of its oil production. If no action is taken and the kingdom continues ...

Al-Ahmed, Khalid A. (Khalid Abdulrahim)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Collective coordinates for nuclear spectral densities in energy transfer and femtosecond spectroscopy of molecular aggregates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collective coordinates for nuclear spectral densities in energy transfer and femtosecond collective nuclear coordinates necessary to represent a given set of spectral densities is obtained coordinates phase space. The signatures of excitonic and nuclear motions in ultrafast fluorescence

Mukamel, Shaul

70

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity; Unit: Trillion Btu. Distillate Fuel Oil Coal Net Residual and LPG and (excluding Coal End Use Total Electricity(a) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(b) Natural Gas(c) NGL(d) Coke and Breeze) Other(e) Total United States TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 15,658 2,850 251 129 5,512 79 1,016 5,820 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fue -- 41 133 23 2,119 8 547 -- Conventional Boiler Use 41 71 17 1,281 8 129 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 62 6 838 1 417 Direct Uses-Total Process -- 2,244 62 52 2,788 39 412 -- Process Heating -- 346 59 19 2,487 32 345 -- Process Cooling and Refrigeration -- 206 * 1 32 * * -- Machine Drive

71

Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 2 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity; Unit: Trillion Btu. Distillate Fuel Oil Coal NAICS Net Residual and LPG and (excluding Coal Code(a) End Use Total Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(c) Natural Gas(d) NGL(e) Coke and Breeze) Other(f) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 15,658 2,850 251 129 5,512 79 1,016 5,820 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel -- 41 133 23 2,119 8 547 -- Conventional Boiler Use -- 41 71 17 1,281 8 129 -- CHP and/or Cogeneration Process -- -- 62 6 838 1 417 -- Direct Uses-Total Process -- 2,244 62 52 2,788 39 412 -- Process Heating -- 346 59 19 2,487

72

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Table 5.8 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity; Unit: Trillion Btu. Distillate Fuel Oil Coal Net Demand Residual and LPG and (excluding Coal End Use for Electricity(a) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(b) Natural Gas(c) NGL(d) Coke and Breeze) Total United States TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 3,335 251 129 5,512 79 1,016 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel 84 133 23 2,119 8 547 Conventional Boiler Use 84 71 17 1,281 8 129 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 62 6 838 1 417 Direct Uses-Total Process 2,639 62 52 2,788 39 412 Process Heating 379 59 19 2,487 32 345 Process Cooling and Refrigeration

73

Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 1 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Distillate Coal Fuel Oil (excluding Coal Net Residual and Natural Gas(d) LPG and Coke and Breeze) NAICS Total Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(c) (billion NGL(e) (million Other(f) Code(a) End Use (trillion Btu) (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) (trillion Btu) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 15,658 835,382 40 22 5,357 21 46 5,820 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel -- 12,109 21 4 2,059 2 25 -- Conventional Boiler Use -- 12,109 11 3 1,245 2 6 -- CHP and/or Cogeneration Process

74

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 7 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Distillate Coal Fuel Oil (excluding Coal Net Demand Residual and Natural Gas(c) LPG and Coke and Breeze) for Electricity(a) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(b) (billion NGL(d) (million End Use (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) Total United States TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 977,338 40 22 5,357 21 46 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel 24,584 21 4 2,059 2 25 Conventional Boiler Use 24,584 11 3 1,245 2 6 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 10 1 814 * 19 Direct Uses-Total Process 773,574 10 9 2,709 10 19 Process Heating

75

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Distillate Coal Fuel Oil (excluding Coal Net Residual and Natural Gas(c) LPG and Coke and Breeze) Total Electricity(a) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(b) (billion NGL(d) (million Other(e) End Use (trillion Btu) (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) (trillion Btu) Total United States TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 15,658 835,382 40 22 5,357 21 46 5,820 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel -- 12,109 21 4 2,059 2 25 -- Conventional Boiler Use 12,109 11 3 1,245 2 6 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 10 1 814 * 19 Direct Uses-Total Process

76

Impact of solar-energy development: the aggregate impact on basic economic objectives  

SciTech Connect

Two categories of incentives for the development of solar energy are described: those that increase the benefits associated with the ownership of a solar energy system and those that reduce the cost of the system. The impact of two alternative (or complementary) programs are presented. The discussion distinguishes between short-run (one to five years) and long-run (over five years) impacts expected to result from the installation of passive solar designs on existing housing stock. Impacts associated with a program to deregulate natural gas and one combining tax credits and low interest loans are compared. The impacts of solar programs on seven basic economic goals are analyzed. The goals are full employment, price stability, economic efficiency, equitable distribution of income, economic growth, balancing the federal budget, and a strong national defense. (LEW)

Parker, A.; Kirschner, C.; Roach, F.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Relativistic calculation of the pion loop correlation energy in nuclear matter in a theory including confinement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relativistic calculation of the pion loop correlation energy in nuclear matter in a theory of nuclear matter which contains the correlation energy. Pion loops are incorporated on top of a relativistic for the correlation energy is the Landau-Migdal parameter g governing the short-range part of the spin- isospin

Boyer, Edmond

78

2014 ENERGY AND ECONOMIC VALUE OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW), INCLUDING NON-RECYCLED PLASTICS (NRP),  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-to-energy (WTE) plants, 0.27 million tons (0.7%) were used as alternative fuel in cement production, and 32 Earth Engineering Center (EEC) Report to the American Chemistry Council (ACC) which was based on U.S. 2008 data and quantified the energy and economic value of municipal solid wastes (MSW) and non

Columbia University

79

Potential energy surface for C2H4I2+ dissociation including spin-orbit effects  

SciTech Connect

Previous experiments [Baer, et al. J. Phys. Chem. A 116, 2833 (2012)] have studied the dissociation of 1,2-diiodoethane radical cation (C2H4I2+) and found a one-dimensional distribution of translational energy; an odd finding considering most product relative translational energy distributions are two-dimensional. The goal of this study is to obtain an accurate understanding of the potential energy surface (PES) topology for the unimolecular decomposition reaction C2H4I2+ - C2H4I+ + I. This is done through comparison of many single-reference electronic structure methods, coupled-cluster single point (energy) calculations, and multi-reference calculations used to quantify spin-orbit (SO) coupling effects. We find that the structure of the C2H4I2+ reactant has a substantial effect on the role of SO coupling on the reaction energy. Both the BHandH and MP2 theories with an ECP/6-31++G** basis set, and without SO coupling corrections, provide accurate models for the reaction energetics. MP2 theory gives an unsymmetric structure with different C-I bond lengths, resulting in a SO energy for C2H4I2+ similar to that for the product I-atom and a negligible SO correction to the reaction energy. In contrast, DFT gives a symmetric structure for C2H4I2+, similar to that of the neutral C2H4I2 parent, resulting in a substantial SO correction and increasing the reaction energy by 6.0-6.5 kcal/mol. Also, we find that for this system single point energy calculations are inaccurate, since a small change in geometry can lead to a large change in energy.

Siebert, Matthew R.; Aquino, Adelia J.; De Jong, Wibe A.; Granucci, Giovanni; Hase, William L.

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

80

Optimal Energy Management of Automotive Battery Systems Including Thermal Dynamics and Aging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hybrid-electric vehicles (HEV) has been the subject of intensive research as a field of application of optimal control in the past decade. In particular, researchers have proven that energy management (or supe...

Antonio Sciarretta; Domenico di Domenico

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Property:Number of Plants Included in Planned Estimate | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plants Included in Planned Estimate Plants Included in Planned Estimate Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Number of Plants Included in Planned Estimate Property Type String Description Number of plants included in the estimate of planned capacity per GEA Pages using the property "Number of Plants Included in Planned Estimate" Showing 21 pages using this property. A Alaska Geothermal Region + 3 + C Cascades Geothermal Region + 1 + Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region + 4 + G Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region + 7 + H Hawaii Geothermal Region + 1 + Holocene Magmatic Geothermal Region + 4 + I Idaho Batholith Geothermal Region + 1 + N Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region + 9 + Northern Rockies Geothermal Region + 0 + Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region + 6 +

82

Reliability evaluation of electric power generation systems including unconventional energy sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

System Used in Case Study Table 5. Interstate Transition Rates of Units in Base System Table 6. Comparison of LOLE Results for January 1982 Table 7. Comparison of LOLE Results for July 1982 . Table 8. Comparison of Frequency Results for January 1982... Table 9. Comparison of Frequency Results for July 1982 Table 10. Comparison of CPU secs Used by III and IV 27 36 50 52 55 55 56 56 57 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1. 1 Alternative Energy Sources In recent years, the escalation in the cost...

Lago-Gonzalez, Alex

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

DAVIS-BACON ACT WAGE RATES FOR ARRA-FUNDED STATE ENERGY PROGRAM (SEP) PROJECTS INCLUDING RESIDENTIAL WEATHERIZATION WORK  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Guidance on using appropriate prevailing wage rates for all Davis-Bacon Act (DBA) covered-work, including weatherization work, performed under the State Energy (SEP) Program using American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) funds to ensure compliance with DBA requirements.

84

Our lab focuses on materials durability in extreme environments for energy, power, and propulsion applications. Current research interests include  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

has been developed that simulates the temperature, gas chemistry, and gas velocity of turbine engines for Combustion Applications SiC-based Ceramic Matrix Composites are currently under development for turbine oxide stability for use in a variety of energy applications, including solid oxide fuel cells and solar

Acton, Scott

85

Composting of soils/sediments and sludges containing toxic organics including high energy explosives. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory and pilot-scale experimentation were conducted to evaluate composting as an on-site treatment technology to remediate soils contaminated with hazardous waste at DOE`s PANTEX Plant. Suspected contaminated sites within the PANTEX Plant were sampled and analyzed for explosives, other organics, and inorganic wastes. Soils in drainage ditches and playas at PANTEX Plant were found to be contaminated with low levels of explosives (including RDX, HMX, PETN and TATB). Additional sites previously used for solvent disposal were heavily contaminated with solvents and transformation products of the solvent, as well as explosives and by-products of explosives. Laboratory studies were conducted using {sup 14}C-labeled explosives and {sup 14}C-labeled diacetone alcohol contaminated soil loaded into horse manure/hay composts at three rates: 20, 30, and 40%(W/W). The composts were incubated for six weeks at approximately 60{degree}C with continuous aeration. All explosives degraded rapidly and were reduced to below detection limits within 3 weeks in the laboratory studies. {sup 14}C-degradates from {sup 14}C-RDX, {sup 14}C-HMX and {sup 14}C-TATB were largely limited to {sup 14}CO{sub 2} and unextracted residue in the compost. Volatile and non-volatile {sup 14}C-degradates were found to result from {sup 14}C-PETN breakdown, but these compounds were not identified. {sup 14}C-diacetone alcohol concentrations were significantly reduced during composting. However, most of the radioactivity was volatilized from the compost as non-{sup 14}CO{sub 2} degradates or as {sup 14}C-diacetone alcohol. Pilot scale composts loaded with explosives contaminated soil at 30% (W/W) with intermittent aeration were monitored over six weeks. Data from the pilot-scale study generally was in agreement with the laboratory studies. However, the {sup 14}C-labeled TATB degraded much faster than the unlabeled TATB. Some formulations of TATB may be more resistant to composting activity than others.

Doyle, R.C.; Kitchens, J.F.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Bioenergy Production from Perennial Energy Crops: A Consequential LCA of 12 Bioenergy Scenarios including Land Use Changes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bioenergy Production from Perennial Energy Crops: A Consequential LCA of 12 Bioenergy Scenarios including Land Use Changes ... In the endeavor of optimizing the sustainability of bioenergy production in Denmark, this consequential life cycle assessment (LCA) evaluated the environmental impacts associated with the production of heat and electricity from one hectare of Danish arable land cultivated with three perennial crops: ryegrass (Lolium perenne), willow (Salix viminalis) and Miscanthus giganteus. ... Soil carbon changes, direct and indirect land use changes as well as uncertainty analysis (sensitivity, MonteCarlo) were included in the LCA. ...

Davide Tonini; Lorie Hamelin; Henrik Wenzel; Thomas Astrup

2012-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

87

Distributed Audit Secure Data Aggregation for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data aggregation can reduce the communication overhead and energy expenditure of sensor nodes, as well as ... injection attacks. This paper proposes a distributed audit secure data aggregation protocol. The aggre...

Zhengdao Zhang; Zhiping Zhou

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 4 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity; Unit: Trillion Btu. Distillate Fuel Oil Coal NAICS Net Demand Residual and LPG and (excluding Coal Code(a) End Use for Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(c) Natural Gas(d) NGL(e) Coke and Breeze) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 3,335 251 129 5,512 79 1,016 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel 84 133 23 2,119 8 547 Conventional Boiler Use 84 71 17 1,281 8 129 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 62 6 838 1 417 Direct Uses-Total Process 2,639 62 52 2,788 39 412 Process Heating 379 59 19 2,487 32 345 Process Cooling and Refrigeration

89

Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Table 5.3 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Distillate Coal Fuel Oil (excluding Coal Net Demand Residual and Natural Gas(d) LPG and Coke and Breeze) NAICS for Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(c) (billion NGL(e) (million Code(a) End Use (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 977,338 40 22 5,357 21 46 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel 24,584 21 4 2,059 2 25 Conventional Boiler Use 24,584 11 3

90

Poster Abstract: Exposing Two Critical Myths about Correlation Aware Data Aggregation I. CORRELATION AWARE DATA GATHERING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aware aggregation trees (CAATs). In this paper, we study the energy efficiency of CAATs from a new energy-delay tradeoff from the perspective of aggregation tree structures. Intuitively, with a higher ap, thereby resulting in an aggregation tree with lower energy cost. Therefore, the energy improvement tends

Sivakumar, Raghupathy

91

Aggregated Purchasing and Workplace Charging Can Drive EV Market Growth  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On Tuesday, November 18, Energy Secretary Moniz joined Senior Advisor to the President John Podesta, Edison Electric Institute (EEI) President Tom Kuhn, and Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) CEO Tony Earley for a special event at the White House to announce several new developments in advancing the use of electric vehicles. These developments included the Energy Department announcing a Notice of Intent for a potential funding opportunity announcement for aggregated purchasing of alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles 70 EEI members committing 5% of their annual fleet budgets to plug-in electric vehicles, 150 members of the Workplace Charging Challenge, and a new plug-in hybrid electric bucket truck.

92

Technical support document: Energy conservation standards for consumer products: Refrigerators and furnaces including: environmental impacts regulatory impact analysis  

SciTech Connect

The National Appliance Energy Conversation Act (NAECA) of 1987 (P.L. 100-12) establishes energy efficiency standards for 13 types of consumer products. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards on these and other types of products at specified times. DOE is currently selecting standards for two types of products: refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers; and small gas furnaces. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of the proposed standards. 8 refs., 39 figs., 135 tabs.

Not Available

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash  

SciTech Connect

Universal Aggregates LLC (UA) was awarded a cost sharing Co-operative Agreement from the Department of Energy (DOE) through the Power Plant Improvement Initiative Program (PPII) to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia in October 2001. The Agreement was signed in November 2002. The installation and start-up expenses for the Birchwood Aggregate Facility are $19.5 million. The DOE share is $7.2 million (37%) and the UA share is $12.3 million (63%). The original project team consists of UA, SynAggs, LLC, CONSOL Energy Inc. and P. J. Dick, Inc. Using 115,000 ton per year of spray dryer ash (SDA), a dry FGD by-product from the power station, UA will produce 167,000 tons of manufactured lightweight aggregate for use in production of concrete masonry units (CMU). Manufacturing aggregate from FGD by-products can provide an economical high-volume use and substantially expand market for FGD by-products. Most of the FGD by-products are currently disposed of in landfills. Construction of the Birchwood Aggregate Facility was completed in March 2004. Operation startup was begun in April 2004. Plant Integration was initiated in December 2004. Integration includes mixing, extrusion, curing, crushing and screening. Lightweight aggregates with proper size gradation and bulk density were produced from the manufacturing aggregate plant and loaded on a stockpile for shipment. The shipped aggregates were used in a commercial block plant for CMU production. However, most of the production was made at low capacity factors and for a relatively short time in 2005. Several areas were identified as important factors to improve plant capacity and availability. Equipment and process control modifications and curing vessel clean up were made to improve plant operation in the first half of 2006. About 3,000 tons of crushed aggregate was produced in August 2006. UA is continuing to work to improve plant availability and throughput capacity and to produce quality lightweight aggregate for use in commercial applications.

Milton Wu; Paul Yuran

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

94

An adaptive load dispatching and forecasting strategy for a virtual power plant including renewable energy conversion units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The increasing awareness on the risky state of conventional energy sources in terms of future energy supply security and health of environment has promoted the research activities on alternative energy systems. However, due to the fact that the power production of main alternative sources such as wind and solar is directly related with meteorological conditions, these sources should be combined with dispatchable energy sources in a hybrid combination in order to ensure security of demand supply. In this study, the evaluation of such a hybrid system consisting of wind, solar, hydrogen and thermal power systems in the concept of virtual power plant strategy is realized. An economic operation-based load dispatching strategy that can interactively adapt to the real measured wind and solar power production values is proposed. The adaptation of the load dispatching algorithm is provided by the update mechanism employed in the meteorological condition forecasting algorithms provided by the combination of Empirical Mode Decomposition, Cascade-Forward Neural Network and Linear Model through a fusion strategy. Thus, the effects of the stochastic nature of solar and wind energy systems are better overcome in order to participate in the electricity market with higher benefits.

A. Tascikaraoglu; O. Erdinc; M. Uzunoglu; A. Karakas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Chapter 16 - Lithium Battery Energy Storage: State of the Art Including LithiumAir and LithiumSulfur Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Lithium, the lightest and one of the most reactive of metals, having the greatest electrochemical potential (E0=?3.045V), provides very high energy and power densities in batteries. Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (containing an intercalation negative electrode) have conquered the markets for portable consumer electronics and, recently, for electric vehicles. The electrolyte is usually based on a lithium salt in organic solution. Thin-film batteries use solid oxide or polymer electrolytes. As lithium metal reacts violently with water and can thus cause ignition, modern lithium-ion batteries use carbon negative electrodes and lithium metal oxide positive electrodes. Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries should not be confused with nonrechargeable lithium primary batteries (containing metallic lithium). This chapter covers all aspects of lithium battery chemistry that are pertinent to electrochemical energy storage for renewable sources and grid balancing.

Peter Kurzweil

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

The conversion of solar energy to the chemical energy of organic compounds is a complex process that includes electron transport and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The conversion of solar energy to the chemical energy of organic compounds is a complex process would cause severe problems if special mechanisms did not protect the photosynthetic system from energy or photon units. Irradiance is the amount of energy that falls on a flat sensor of known area per

Ehleringer, Jim

97

Ernest Orlando Lawrence Awards Ceremony for 2011 Award Winners (Presentations, including remarks by Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The winners for 2011 of the Department of Energy's Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award were recognized in a ceremony held May 21, 2012. Dr. Steven Chu and others spoke of the importance of the accomplishments and the prestigious history of the award. The recipients of the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award for 2011 are: Riccardo Betti (University of Rochester); Paul C. Canfield (Ames Laboratory); Mark B. Chadwick (Los Alamos National Laboratory); David E. Chavez (Los Alamos National Laboratory); Amit Goyal (Oak Ridge National Laboratory); Thomas P. Guilderson (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory); Lois Curfman McInnes (Argonne National Laboratory); Bernard Matthew Poelker (Thomas Jeffereson National Accelerator Facility); and Barry F. Smith (Argonne National Laboratory).

Chu, Steven (U.S. Energy Secretary)

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

98

Regional Comparisons, Spatial Aggregation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Regional Comparisons, Spatial Aggregation, and Asymmetry of Price Pass-Through in U.S. Gasoline Markets MICHAEL YE*, JOHN ZYREN**, JOANNE SHORE**, AND MICHAEL BURDETTE** Abstract Spot to retail price pass-through behavior of the U.S. gasoline market was investigated at the national and regional levels, using weekly wholesale and retail motor gasoline prices from January 2000 to the present. Asymmetric pass-through was found across all regions, with faster pass-through when prices are rising. Pass-through patterns, in terms of speed and time for completion, were found to vary from region to region. Spatial aggregation was investigated at the national level and the East Coast with the aggregated cumulative pass-through being greater than the volume-weighted regional pass-through when spot prices increase. These results are useful to the petroleum industry, consumers,

99

Fluid membranes can drive linear aggregation of adsorbed spherical nanoparticles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using computer simulations we show that lipid membranes can mediate linear aggregation of spherical nanoparticles binding to it for a wide range of biologically relevant bending rigidities. This result is in net contrast with the isotropic aggregation of nanoparticles on fluid interfaces or the expected clustering of isotropic insertions in biological membranes. We present a phase diagram indicating where linear aggregation is expected, and compute explicitly the free energy barriers associated with linear and isotropic aggregation. Finally, we provide simple scaling arguments to explain this phenomenology.

Andela ari?; Angelo Cacciuto

2011-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

100

Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part 1: Load Availability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part 1: Load Availability Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part 1: Load Availability Profiles and Constraints for the Western Interconnection Title Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part 1: Load Availability Profiles and Constraints for the Western Interconnection Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-6417E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Olsen, Daniel, Nance Matson, Michael D. Sohn, Cody Rose, Junqiao Han Dudley, Sasank Goli, Sila Kiliccote, Marissa Hummon, David Palchak, Paul Denholm, Jennie Jorgenson, and Ookie Ma Date Published 09/2013 Abstract Demand response (DR) has the potential to improve electric grid reliability and reduce system operation costs. However, including DR in grid modeling can be difficult due to its variable and non-traditional response characteristics, compared to traditional generation. Therefore, efforts to value the participation of DR in procurement of grid services have been limited. In this report, we present methods and tools for predicting demand response availability profiles, representing their capability to participate in capacity, energy, and ancillary services. With the addition of response characteristics mimicking those of generation, the resulting profiles will help in the valuation of the participation of demand response through production cost modeling, which informs infrastructure and investment planning.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Investigation of Energy Demand Modeling and Management for Local Communities. Investigation of the electricity demand modeling and management including consumption behaviour, dynamic tariffs, and use of renewable energy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Various forecasting tools, based on historical data, exist for planners of national networks that are very effective in planning national interventions to ensure energy security, (more)

Ihbal, Abdel-Baset Mostafa Imbarek

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

DAVIS-BACON ACT WAGE RATES FOR ARRA-FUNDED ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND CONSERVATION BLOCK GRANT (EECBG) PROGRAM PROJECTS INCLUDING RESIDENTIAL WEATHERIZATION WORK  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Guidance on using appropriate prevailing wage rates for all Davis-Bacon Act (DBA) covered-work, including weatherization work, performed under the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants (EECBG) Program using American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) funds to ensure compliance with DBA requirements.

103

200 North Aggregate Area source AAMS report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of an aggregate area management study (AAMS) for the 200 North Aggregate Area in the 200 Areas of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site in Washington State. This scoping level study provides the basis for initiating Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) activities under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) or Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Facility Investigations (RFI) and Corrective Measures Studies (CMS) under RCRA. This report also integrates select RCRA treatment, storage, or disposal (TSD) closure activities with CERCLA and RCRA past practice investigations.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers including draft environmental assessment, regulatory impact analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (P.L. 94-163), as amended by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 (P.L. 100-12) and by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Amendments of 1988 (P.L. 100-357), and by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (P.L. 102-486), provides energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products` covered by the Act, and authorizes the Secretary of Energy to prescribe amended or new energy standards for each type (or class) of covered product. The assessment of the proposed standards for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers presented in this document is designed to evaluate their economic impacts according to the criteria in the Act. It includes an engineering analysis of the cost and performance of design options to improve the efficiency of the products; forecasts of the number and average efficiency of products sold, the amount of energy the products will consume, and their prices and operating expenses; a determination of change in investment, revenues, and costs to manufacturers of the products; a calculation of the costs and benefits to consumers, electric utilities, and the nation as a whole; and an assessment of the environmental impacts of the proposed standards.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Tethys: A Distributed Algorithm for Intelligent Aggregation in Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy than a naive, shortest-path tree due to the increased computation energy cost for performing.uiuc.edu, harris@dei.unipd.it, rhk@cs.uiuc.edu Abstract-- One key issue in wireless sensor networks is energy efficiency. Aggregation techniques attempt to minimize the energy expended in communication by processing

Kravets, Robin

106

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geothermal, Solid Fuel Biomass, Land Fill Gas Biomass, and Concentrating Solar Power. b) The cost, including return on investment. Market price of renewable energy equal to maximum of cost or market price of system energy d) The cost of wind energy assumes no extension of the production tax credit. e) Wind

107

We offer education and conduct research on fundamental science, seeking for solutions to energy problems. The research fields covered by this department include  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EnergyScience *EnergyNanoEngineering *BiofunctionalChemistry *Bioenergy Educationandresearchactivitiesareconcernedwiththechemicalprocessesofmaterialsand energycoveringawidefieldextendingfromquantumprocessestomolecularassemblies

Takada, Shoji

108

High Temperature Superconductors: From Delivery to Applications (Presentation from 2011 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award-winner, Dr. Amit Goyal, and including introduction by Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu)  

SciTech Connect

Dr. Amit Goyal, a high temperature superconductivity (HTS) researcher at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, was named a 2011 winner of the Department of Energy's Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award honoring U.S. scientists and engineers for exceptional contributions in research and development supporting DOE and its mission. Winner of the award in the inaugural category of Energy Science and Innovation, Dr. Goyal was cited for his work in 'pioneering research and transformative contributions to the field of applied high temperature superconductivity, including fundamental materials science advances and technical innovations enabling large-scale applications of these novel materials.' Following his basic research in grain-to-grain supercurrent transport, Dr. Goyal focused his energy in transitioning this fundamental understanding into cutting-edge technologies. Under OE sponsorship, Dr. Goyal co-invented the Rolling Assisted Bi-Axially Textured Substrate technology (RABiTS) that is used as a substrate for second generation HTS wires. OE support also led to the invention of Structural Single Crystal Faceted Fiber Substrate (SSIFFS) and the 3-D Self Assembly of Nanodot Columns. These inventions and associated R&D resulted in 7 R&D 100 Awards including the 2010 R&D Magazine's Innovator of the Year Award, 3 Federal Laboratory Consortium Excellence in Technology Transfer National Awards, a DOE Energy100 Award and many others. As a world authority on HTS materials, Dr. Goyal has presented OE-sponsored results in more than 150 invited talks, co-authored more than 350 papers and is a fellow of 7 professional societies.

Goyal, Amit (Oak Ridge National Laboratory) [Oak Ridge National Laboratory

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

109

High Temperature Superconductors: From Delivery to Applications (Presentation from 2011 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award-winner, Dr. Amit Goyal, and including introduction by Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Dr. Amit Goyal, a high temperature superconductivity (HTS) researcher at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, was named a 2011 winner of the Department of Energy's Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award honoring U.S. scientists and engineers for exceptional contributions in research and development supporting DOE and its mission. Winner of the award in the inaugural category of Energy Science and Innovation, Dr. Goyal was cited for his work in 'pioneering research and transformative contributions to the field of applied high temperature superconductivity, including fundamental materials science advances and technical innovations enabling large-scale applications of these novel materials.' Following his basic research in grain-to-grain supercurrent transport, Dr. Goyal focused his energy in transitioning this fundamental understanding into cutting-edge technologies. Under OE sponsorship, Dr. Goyal co-invented the Rolling Assisted Bi-Axially Textured Substrate technology (RABiTS) that is used as a substrate for second generation HTS wires. OE support also led to the invention of Structural Single Crystal Faceted Fiber Substrate (SSIFFS) and the 3-D Self Assembly of Nanodot Columns. These inventions and associated R&D resulted in 7 R&D 100 Awards including the 2010 R&D Magazine's Innovator of the Year Award, 3 Federal Laboratory Consortium Excellence in Technology Transfer National Awards, a DOE Energy100 Award and many others. As a world authority on HTS materials, Dr. Goyal has presented OE-sponsored results in more than 150 invited talks, co-authored more than 350 papers and is a fellow of 7 professional societies.

Goyal, Amit (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

110

Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part 1: Load Availability Profiles and Constraints for the Western Interconnection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is estimated. Keywords: Demand response, ancillary services,of Aggregated Demand Response, Part 1: Load Availabilityof Energy (DOE) Demand Response and Energy Storage

Olsen, Daniel J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Power-aware MPI Task Aggregation Prediction for High-End Computing Systems Dimitrios S. Nikolopoulos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

across the cores of multiple nodes impacts both execution time and energy. Current job management systems solutions. Task aggregation significantly impacts energy consump- tion. A job uses fewer nodes with a higher the execution time and energy implications of task aggregation (i.e., grouping multiple tasks within the same

112

Comparison of approaches to Total Quality Management. Including an examination of the Department of Energy`s position on quality management  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a comparison of several qualitatively different approaches to Total Quality Management (TQM). The continuum ranges from management approaches that are primarily standards -- with specific guidelines, but few theoretical concepts -- to approaches that are primarily philosophical, with few specific guidelines. The approaches to TQM discussed in this paper include the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9000 Standard, the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, Senge`s the Learning Organization, Watkins and Marsick`s approach to organizational learning, Covey`s Seven Habits of Highly Successful People, and Deming`s Fourteen Points for Management. Some of these approaches (Deming and ISO 9000) are then compared to the DOE`s official position on quality management and conduct of operations (DOE Orders 5700.6C and 5480.19). Using a tabular format, it is shown that while 5700.6C (Quality Assurance) maps well to many of the current approaches to TQM, DOE`s principle guide to management Order 5419.80 (Conduct of Operations) has many significant conflicts with some of the modern approaches to continuous quality improvement.

Bennett, C.T.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

A bottom-up engineering estimate of the aggregate heating and cooling loads of the entire U.S. building stock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the amount of commercial building energy usage, particularlycommercial building sector. To compare the aggregated energy usagecommercial buildings. For the residential sector, the total heating and cooling energy usages

Huang, Yu Joe; Brodrick, Jim

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Enrico Fermi Awards Ceremony for Dr. Allen J. Bard and Dr. Andrew Sessler, February 2014 (Presentations, including remarks by Energy Secretary, Dr. Ernest Moniz)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The Fermi Award is a Presidential award and is one of the oldest and most prestigious science and technology honors bestowed by the U.S. Government. On February 3, 2014 it was conferred upon two exceptional scientists. The first to be recognized is Dr. Allen J. Bard, 'for international leadership in electrochemical science and technology, for advances in photoelectrochemistry and photocatalytic materials, processes, and devices, and for discovery and development of electrochemical methods including electrogenerated chemiluminescence and scanning electrochemical microscopy.' The other honoree is Dr. Andrew Sessler, 'for advancing accelerators as powerful tools of scientific discovery, for visionary direction of the research enterprise focused on challenges in energy and the environment, and for championing outreach and freedom of scientific inquiry worldwide.' Dr. Patricia Dehmer opened the ceremony, and Dr. Ernest Moniz presented the awards.

Moniz, Ernest [U.S. Energy Secretary

2014-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

115

Social network effects on information aggregation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we investigated how sociometric information can be used to improve different methods of aggregating dispersed information. We specifically compared four different approaches of information aggregation: ...

Mulanda, Chilongo D

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Direct Observation of Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic Modeling of the Size Distribution and Growth Rate. Direct Observation of Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic Modeling of the Size...

117

International Review of the Development and Implementation of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

service industries, energy suppliers and the economy inrental agents and energy suppliers. The data is aggregated

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

AIDA: Adaptive Application Independent Data Aggregation in Wireless Sensor Networks1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aggregation, sensor networks, adaptive algorithms, feedback control, energy conservation, congestion control such as small instruction and data memory, constrained energy resources, short communication radii, and a low paradigm in distributed wireless communication technology, have been proposed for various applications

Stankovic, John A.

119

RECOVERY ACT CASE STUDY CHP and district energy serve Texas A&M's 5,200-acre campus, which includes 750 buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,000 pounds of steam per hour, and � Campus-wide electrical distribution system upgrades. The CHP system can operate as a baseload system to serve 75% of Texas A&M's peak power needs, 65% of total electrical energy&M's New Power Generation System," Energy Action Plan 2015, Utility & Energy Services, Texas A&M University

120

Frequency Factors in a Landscape Model of Filamentous Protein Aggregation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using quantitative measurements of protein aggregation rates, we develop a kinetic picture of protein conversion from a soluble to a fibrillar state which shows that a single free energy barrier to aggregation controls the addition of protein molecules into amyloid fibrils, while the characteristic sublinear concentration dependence emerges as a natural consequence of finite diffusion times. These findings suggest that this reaction does not follow a simple chemical mechanism, but rather operates in a way analogous to the landscape models of protein folding defined by stochastic dynamics on a characteristic energy surface.

Alexander K. Buell; Jamie R. Blundell; Christopher M. Dobson; Mark E. Welland; Eugene M. Terentjev; Tuomas P. J. Knowles

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Enrico Fermi Awards Ceremony for Dr. Mildred S. Dresselhaus and Dr. Burton Richter, May 2012 (Presentations, including remarks by Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The Fermi Award is a Presidential award and is one of the oldest and most prestigious science and technology honors bestowed by the U.S. Government. On May 7, 2012 it was conferred upon two exceptional scientists: Dr. Mildred Dresselhaus, 'for her scientific leadership, her major contributions to science and energy policy, her selfless work in science education and the advancement of diversity in the scientific workplace, and her highly original and impactful research,' and Dr. Burton Richter, 'for the breadth of his influence in the multiple disciplines of accelerator physics and particle physics, his profound scientific discoveries, his visionary leadership as SLAC Director, his leadership of science, and his notable contributions in energy and public policy.' Dr. John Holder, Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, opened the ceremony, and Dr. Bill Brinkman, Director of DOE's Office of Science introduced the main speaker, Dr. Steven Chu, U.S. Energy Secretary.

Chu, Steven (U.S. Energy Secretary)

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

122

Essays on aggregate and individual consumption fluctuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis consists of three essays on aggregate and individual consumption fluctuations. Chapter 1 develops a quantitative model to explore aggregate and individual consumption dynamics when the income process exhibits ...

Hwang, Youngjin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

The Weak Aggregating Algorithm and Weak Mixability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Weak Aggregating Algorithm that covers unbounded games is also described. #12; CONTENTS 2 Contents 1The Weak Aggregating Algorithm and Weak Mixability Yuri Kalnishkan Michael V. Vyugin 1 fyura the Weak Aggregating Algorithm that allows us to obtain additive terms of the form C p n. A modification

Kalnishkan, Yuri

124

SIA: Secure information aggregation in sensor networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In sensor networks, data aggregation is a vital primitive enabling efficient data queries. An on-site aggregator device collects data from sensor nodes and produces a condensed summary which is forwarded to the off-site querier, thus reducing the communication ... Keywords: Sensor networks, approximate interactive proofs, information aggregation, security

Haowen Chan; Adrian Perrig; Bartosz Przydatek; Dawn Song

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

PRODUCTION OF CONSTRUCTION AGGREGATES FROM FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION SLUDGE  

SciTech Connect

The three main conclusions of this report are: (1) The pilot plant successfully demonstrated the continuous, fully-integrated, long-term process operation, including the mixing, pelletizing, and curing steps for aggregate production. The curing vessel, which was designed for the pilot plant test, was operated in a mass flow mode and performed well during pilot plant operation. (2) The pilot plant test demonstrated process flexibility. The same equipment was used to produce lightweight, medium-weight, and road aggregates. The only change was the mix formulation. Aggregates were produced from a variety of mix designs and from FGD sludge with solids concentrations between 45.0% and 56.7% and moisture contents between 55.0% and 43.3%. (3) The pilot plant provided operating data and experience to design and cost a commercial plant, which was not part of the cooperative agreement.

M.M. Wu; D.C. McCoy; R.O. Scandrol; M.L. Fenger; J.A. Withum; R.M. Statnick

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Wind speed equalization-based incoming wind classification by aggregating DFIGs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the development of wind energy, it is necessary to develop equivalent models to represent dynamic behaviors of wind farms in power systems. The equivalent wind method is investigated for the aggregation o...

Zhaojun Meng; Feng Xue; Xueming Li

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Development of a general model of aggregate rebound for dry-mix shotcrete(Part II)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A mechanical model previously developed is briefly described and linked to particle velocity versus size relationships experimentally obtained, allowing prediction of the energy of rebound of an aggregate particl...

Hugo S. Armelin Ph.D. Candidate; Professor Nemkumar Banthia

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Pump apparatus including deconsolidator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pump apparatus includes a particulate pump that defines a passage that extends from an inlet to an outlet. A duct is in flow communication with the outlet. The duct includes a deconsolidator configured to fragment particle agglomerates received from the passage.

Sonwane, Chandrashekhar; Saunders, Timothy; Fitzsimmons, Mark Andrew

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

129

State energy price and expenditure report 1993  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates individually for the 50 states and the District of Columbia and in aggregate for the US. The five economic sectors used in SEPER correspond to those used in SEDR and are residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric utility. Documentation in appendices describe how the price estimates are developed, provide conversion factors for measures used in the energy analysis, and include a glossary. 65 tabs.

NONE

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

COMMERCIAL DEMONSTRATION OF THE MANUFACTURED AGGREGATE PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY UTILIZING SPRAY DRYER ASH  

SciTech Connect

Universal Aggregates, LLC proposes to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia. The installation and start-up expenses for the Birchwood Aggregate Facility are $19.5 million. The DOE share is $7.2 million (37%) and the Universal Aggregates share is $12.3 (63%). The project team consists of CONSOL Energy Inc., P.J. Dick, Inc., SynAggs, LLC, and Universal Aggregates, LLC. The Birchwood Facility will transform 115,000 tons per year of spray dryer by-products that are currently being disposed of in an offsite landfill into 167,000 tons of a useful product, lightweight aggregates that can be used to manufacture lightweight aggregates that can be used to manufacture lightweight and medium weight masonry blocks. In addition to the environmental benefits, the Birchwood Facility will create nine (9) manufacturing jobs plus additional employment in the local trucking industry to deliver the aggregate to customers or reagents to the facility. A successful demonstration would lead to additional lightweight aggregate manufacturing facilities in the United States. There are currently twenty-one (21) spray dryer facilities operating in the United States that produce an adequate amount of spray dryer by-product to economically justify the installation of a lightweight aggregate manufacturing facility. Industry sources believe that as additional scrubbing is required, dry FGD technologies will be the technology of choice. Letters from potential lightweight aggregate customers indicate that there is a market for the product once the commercialization barriers are eliminated by this demonstration project.

Roy Scandrol

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

COMMERCIAL DEMONSTRATION OF THE MANUFACTURED AGGREGATE PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY UTILIZING SPRAY DRYER ASH  

SciTech Connect

Universal Aggregates, LLC proposes to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia. The installation and start-up expenses for the Birchwood Aggregate Facility are $19.5 million. The DOE share is $7.2 million (37%) and the Universal Aggregates share is $12.3 (63%). The project team consists of CONSOL Energy Inc., P.J. Dick, Inc., SynAggs, LLC, and Universal Aggregates, LLC. The Birchwood Facility will transform 115,000 tons per year of spray dryer by-products that are currently being disposed of in an offsite landfill into 167,000 tons of a useful product, lightweight aggregates that can be used to manufacture lightweight aggregates that can be used to manufacture lightweight and medium weight masonry blocks. In addition to the environmental benefits, the Birchwood Facility will create eight (8) manufacturing jobs plus additional employment in the local trucking industry to deliver the aggregate to customers or reagents to the facility. A successful demonstration would lead to additional lightweight aggregate manufacturing facilities in the United States. There are currently twenty-one (21) spray dryer facilities operating in the United States that produce an adequate amount of spray dryer by-product to economically justify the installation of a lightweight aggregate manufacturing facility. Industry sources believe that as additional scrubbing is required, dry flue gas desulfurization (FGD) technologies will be the technology of choice. Letters from potential lightweight aggregate customers indicate that there is a market for the product once the commercialization barriers are eliminated by this demonstration project.

Roy Scandrol

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Arnold Schwarzenegger COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/Agricultural/Water End-Use Energy Efficiency Natural Gas Renewable Energy Technologies Transportation Community Choice&D program areas: Buildings End-Use Energy Efficiency Climate Change Energy Innovations Small Grants Energy-Related Environmental Research Energy Systems Integration Environmentally Preferred Advanced Generation Industrial

133

Fracture model for cemented aggregates  

A mechanisms-based fracture model applicable to a broad class of cemented aggregates and, among them, plastic-bonded explosive (PBX) composites, is presented. The model is calibrated for PBX 9502 using the available experimental data under uniaxial compression and tension gathered at various strain rates and temperatures. We show that the model correctly captures inelastic stress-strain responses prior to the load peak and it predicts the post-critical macro-fracture processes, which result from the growth and coalescence of micro-cracks. In our approach, the fracture zone is embedded into elastic matrix and effectively weakens the material's strength along the plane of the dominant fracture.

Zubelewicz, Aleksander; Thompson, Darla G.; Ostoja-Starzewski, Martin; Ionita, Axinte; Shunk, Devin; Lewis, Matthew W.; Lawson, Joe C.; Kale, Sohan; Koric, Seid

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Nanoarchitectonics of Molecular Aggregates: Science and Technology  

SciTech Connect

The field of making, studying and using molecular aggregates, in which the individual molecules (monomers) are arranged in a regular fashion, has come a long way. Taking control over the aggregation of small molecules and polymers in bulk, on surfaces and at interfaces pose a considerable challenge for their utilization in modern high tech applications. In this review we provide a detailed insight into recent trends in molecular aggregates from the perspectives of nanoarchitectonics.

Ramanathan, Nathan Muruganathan [ORNL] [ORNL; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL] [ORNL; Ji, Dr. Qingmin [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan] [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan; Hill, Dr. Jonathan P [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan] [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan; Ariga, Katsuhiko [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan] [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan; Yusuke, Yonamine [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan] [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Relational Sequence Clustering for Aggregating Similar Agents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relational Sequence Clustering for Aggregating Similar Agents Grazia Bombini, Nicola Di Mauro;2 Grazia Bombini, Nicola Di Mauro, Stefano Ferilli, and Floriana Esposito image segmentation and pattern

Di Mauro, Nicola

136

SES Performance Cycle- Aggregate Results FY 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The memorandum releases the FY 2013 aggregate results for the Department's Senior Executive Service members and provides a summary of past results.

137

Aggregation method for motor drive systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract When many variable frequency drives are connected to a common switchboard, their aggregated effect on system dynamics can be significant. In this paper, the aggregation method for variable frequency drives and their motors in industrial facilities is proposed, which is suitable for power systems dynamic studies. The proposed method can be applied to various types of motor drive systems. There are two steps involved for the proposed aggregation method: (1) aggregate motor drive systems connected to the same bus, and (2) further combine the aggregated model of motor drive systems from Step 1 with upstream series impedance and/or transformers. Due to involvement of high-order transfer functions in dynamic models of individual motor drive systems, Pade approximation is used as a useful tool in the aggregation process. Using the proposed aggregation method, an equivalent aggregated dynamic model of motor drive systems can be obtained at the substation bus. A case study is conducted in the paper, and the proposed aggregation method is verified to be effective by the case study.

Xiaodong Liang; Wilsun Xu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

........................................................................................11 3. Energy Efficiency Impacts..........................................................................................11 III. Organizational Structure........................................................................................................12 A. Organizational Overview

139

Iron-reducing bacteria accumulate ferric oxyhydroxide nanoparticle aggregates that may support planktonic growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Super 8 experiment. Nanoparticle aggregates are attachedgroundwater bacteria with nanoparticle aggregates attachedferric oxyhydroxide nanoparticle aggregates that may support

Luef, B.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Structure, Aggregation and Characterization of Nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the process is called diffusion-limited aggregation (DLA). DLA is a very general phenomena for all kinds of pattern formation...primary particle aggregation only, the classical version of DLA was derived by Witten and Sander (1981) and is called...

Glenn A. Waychunas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

DOE/EA-1449; Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash, King George County, Virginia (August 2002)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 9 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash, King George County, Virginia United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory August 2002 Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray-dryer Ash, King George County, Virginia ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT 2 National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance Cover Sheet Proposed Action: The proposed action is for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to provide cost- shared financial support to Universal Aggregates, LLC, for the design, construction, and operation of a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Mirant-Birchwood Power Plant Facility (Mirant-Birchwood Facility) in King George County, Virginia.

142

DURABILITY EVALUATION AND PRODUCTION OF MANUFACTURED AGGREGATES FROM COAL COMBUSTION BY-PRODUCTS  

SciTech Connect

Under the cooperative agreement with DOE, the Research and Development Department of CONSOL Energy (CONSOL R&D), teamed with Universal Aggregates, LLC, to conduct a systematic study of the durability of aggregates manufactured using a variety of flue gas desulfurization (FGD), fluidized-bed combustion (FBC) and fly ash specimens with different chemical and physical properties and under different freeze/thaw, wet/dry and long-term natural weathering conditions. The objectives of the study are to establish the relationships among the durability and characteristics of FGD material, FBC ash and fly ash, and to identify the causes of durability problems, and, ultimately, to increase the utilization of FGD material, FBC ash and fly ash as a construction material. Manufactured aggregates made from FGD material, FBC ash and fly ash, and products made from those manufactured aggregates were used in the study. The project is divided into the following activities: sample collection and characterization; characterization and preparation of manufactured aggregates; determination of durability characteristics of manufactured aggregates; preparation and determination of durability characteristics of manufactured aggregate products; and data evaluation and reporting.

M. M. Wu

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

In Situ Observation of Directed Nanoparticle Aggregation During...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Observation of Directed Nanoparticle Aggregation During the Synthesis of Ordered Nanoporous Metal in Soft Templates. In Situ Observation of Directed Nanoparticle Aggregation During...

144

Fabrication of water-soluble gold nanoparticle aggregates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mixed monolayer protected gold nanoparticles were linked using octanedithiol to form aggregates containing hundreds of nanoparticles. These aggregates are an interesting material, posing potential applications in the fields ...

Bennett, Samantha E

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1991  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aggregate Aggregate Ratio: See Mean and Ratio Estimate. AMPD: Average miles driven per day. See Appendix B, "Estimation Methodologies." Annual Vehicle Miles Traveled: See Vehicle Miles Traveled. Automobile: Includes standard passenger car, 2-seater car and station wagons; excludes passenger vans, cargo vans, motor homes, pickup trucks, and jeeps or similar vehicles. See Vehicle. Average Household Energy Expenditures: A ratio estimate defined as the total household energy expenditures for all RTECS households divided by the total number of households. See Ratio Estimate, and Combined Household Energy Expenditures. Average Number of Vehicles per Household: The average number of vehicles used by a household for personal transportation during 1991. For this report, the average number of vehicles per household is computed as the ratio of the total number of vehicles to the

146

Dynamic Aggregation Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Adel Mounir Said1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that deliver sensor data in an energy-efficient way to the sink. One of those techniques, it gathers sensors ­ NTI, Cairo, Egypt 2 RS2M Department, Telcom SudParis, Evry, France amounir@nti.sci.eg, awilliam Aggregation Protocol (DAP) to reduce the energy consumption in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), which prolongs

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

147

Real-Time Welfare-Maximizing Regulation Allocation in Dynamic Aggregator-EVs System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

external energy sources for the aggregator. The algorithm operates in real time and does not require any prevalent in the near future. For example, from one report of the U.S. department of energy [1 of transportation, EVs can also be used as distributed electricity generation/storage devices when plugged-in [2

Liang, Ben

148

Dielectric characterization of unstabilized aggregate base materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the material, water ingress, and ambient temperature (1 0, 11). Moisture Susceptibility Research studies in Texas and Finland have demonstrated that moisture susceptibility is related to the suction properties of soils and aggregates (12, 13). Soil suction.... Research studies in Finland have reported reductions in resilient modulus of up to 75 percent from the dry to the wet states for some poorly performing aggregates (12). For these materials, the extent to which water ingress causes damage is dependent...

Guthrie, William Spencer

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Appendix F Cultural Resources, Including  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appendix F Appendix F Cultural Resources, Including Section 106 Consultation STATE OF CALIFORNIA - THE RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN, JR., Governor OFFICE OF HISTORIC PRESERVATION DEPARTMENT OF PARKS AND RECREATION 1725 23 rd Street, Suite 100 SACRAMENTO, CA 95816-7100 (916) 445-7000 Fax: (916) 445-7053 calshpo@parks.ca.gov www.ohp.parks.ca.gov June 14, 2011 Reply in Reference To: DOE110407A Angela Colamaria Loan Programs Office Environmental Compliance Division Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave SW, LP-10 Washington, DC 20585 Re: Topaz Solar Farm, San Luis Obispo County, California Dear Ms. Colamaria: Thank you for seeking my consultation regarding the above noted undertaking. Pursuant to 36 CFR Part 800 (as amended 8-05-04) regulations implementing Section

150

Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Print Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Print Researchers from the ALS, Berkeley Lab's National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM), and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory analyzed biofilm samples rich in zinc sulfide and dominated by sulfate-reducing bacteria, which were collected from lead-zinc mine waters. The researchers were curious about the relationship of the organic material and metals, particularly how organics affect mobility, and its potential for bioremediation. It is known that some organics promote aggregation. Amine-bearing molecules, for example, can organize sulfide nanoparticles into semiconductor nanowires. The research team used a series of imaging techniques and detectors to analyze aggregates of biogenic zinc sulfide nanocrystals in the biofilms. Their examination yielded excellent results and some surprises. They were able to prove that natural organic matter promotes dense aggregation of the zinc sulfide nanocrystals into much larger spheroids and that the organic matter is preserved in nanometer-scale pores in the spheroids. What was not expected was the presence of proteins in the spheroids, making them a key component in aggregation and an example of extracellular biomineralization.

151

Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Extracellular Proteins Promote Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Print Wednesday, 26 September 2007 00:00 Researchers from the ALS, Berkeley Lab's National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM), and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory analyzed biofilm samples rich in zinc sulfide and dominated by sulfate-reducing bacteria, which were collected from lead-zinc mine waters. The researchers were curious about the relationship of the organic material and metals, particularly how organics affect mobility, and its potential for bioremediation. It is known that some organics promote aggregation. Amine-bearing molecules, for example, can organize sulfide nanoparticles into semiconductor nanowires. The research team used a series of imaging techniques and detectors to analyze aggregates of biogenic zinc sulfide nanocrystals in the biofilms. Their examination yielded excellent results and some surprises. They were able to prove that natural organic matter promotes dense aggregation of the zinc sulfide nanocrystals into much larger spheroids and that the organic matter is preserved in nanometer-scale pores in the spheroids. What was not expected was the presence of proteins in the spheroids, making them a key component in aggregation and an example of extracellular biomineralization.

152

Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Print Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Print Researchers from the ALS, Berkeley Lab's National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM), and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory analyzed biofilm samples rich in zinc sulfide and dominated by sulfate-reducing bacteria, which were collected from lead-zinc mine waters. The researchers were curious about the relationship of the organic material and metals, particularly how organics affect mobility, and its potential for bioremediation. It is known that some organics promote aggregation. Amine-bearing molecules, for example, can organize sulfide nanoparticles into semiconductor nanowires. The research team used a series of imaging techniques and detectors to analyze aggregates of biogenic zinc sulfide nanocrystals in the biofilms. Their examination yielded excellent results and some surprises. They were able to prove that natural organic matter promotes dense aggregation of the zinc sulfide nanocrystals into much larger spheroids and that the organic matter is preserved in nanometer-scale pores in the spheroids. What was not expected was the presence of proteins in the spheroids, making them a key component in aggregation and an example of extracellular biomineralization.

153

EIA - 2010 International Energy Outlook - Industrial  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Industrial Industrial International Energy Outlook 2010 Industrial Sector Energy Consumption Worldwide industrial energy consumption increases by 42 percent, or an average of 1.3 percent per year, from 2007 to 2035 in the IEO2010 Reference case. Ninety-five percent of the growth occurs in non-OECD nations. Overview The world's industries make up a diverse sector that includes manufacturing, agriculture, mining, and construction. Industrial energy demand varies across regions and countries, depending on the level and mix of economic activity and technological development, among other factors. Energy is consumed in the industrial sector for a wide range of activities, such as processing and assembly, space conditioning, and lighting. Industrial energy use also includes natural gas and petroleum products used as feedstocks to produce non-energy products, such as plastics. In aggregate, the industrial sector uses more energy than any other end-use sector, consuming about one-half of the world's total delivered energy.

154

Design of maximum density aggregate grading  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An aggregate grading that yields maximum solid density and maximum particle interlock is highly desirable for both bound mixtures, such as asphalt concrete and plain and reinforced concrete, and for unbound mixtures such as those used in base courses. Maximum particle interlock leads to high strength. Whereas minimum voids in a certain material composition is conducive to high strength and low compression. Aggregate grading may be obtained, for instance, from the ASTM, which is based on experience or may be designed according to Lees method. In the present work five different types of aggregates were used, each with a variety of chosen grading. It was found that Lees method produced the lowest porosity of all types of aggregates as well as for the various employed gradings. Lees rational method of aggregate grading, however, is a very lengthy and time-consuming procedure. Therefore, programming of Lees method is an essential step to make such an excellent method available to practicing engineers. A program named ratmix was developed and has incorporated 58 design graphs of the Lees method. ratmix is a comprehensive program for Lees rational method; it conducts interpolation for intermediate points within the design graphs as well as between graphs of different properties.

Yahia A Abdel-Jawad; Waddah Salman Abdullah

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Reduced-Order Modeling of Aggregated Thermostatic Loads With Demand Response  

SciTech Connect

Demand Response is playing an increasingly important role in smart grid control strategies. Modeling the behavior of populations of appliances under demand response is especially important to evaluate the effectiveness of these demand response programs. In this paper, an aggregated model is proposed for a class of Thermostatically Controlled Loads (TCLs). The model efficiently includes statistical information of the population, systematically deals with heterogeneity, and accounts for a second-order effect necessary to accurately capture the transient dynamics in the collective response. However, an accurate characterization of the collective dynamics however requires the aggregate model to have a high state space dimension. Most of the existing model reduction techniques require the stability of the underlying system which does not hold for the proposed aggregated model. In this work, a novel model reduction approach is developed for the proposed aggregated model, which can significantly reduce its complexity with small performance loss. The original and the reducedorder aggregated models are validated against simulations of thousands of detailed building models using GridLAB-D, which is a realistic open source distribution simulation software. Index Terms demand response, aggregated model, ancillary

Zhang, Wei; Lian, Jianming; Chang, Chin-Yao; Kalsi, Karanjit; Sun, Yannan

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

156

State energy price and expenditure report 1991  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates individually for the 50 States and the District of Columbia and in aggregate for the United States. The price and expenditure estimates are provided by energy source and economic sector and are published for the years 1970, 1975, 1980, and 1985 through 1991. Data for all years, 1970 through 1991, are available on personal computer diskettes. Documentation in Appendix A describes how the price estimates are developed, including sources of data, methods of estimation, and conversion factors applied. This report is an update of the State Energy Price and Expenditure Report 1990, published in September 1992.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Buildings Included on EMS Reports"  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Buildings Included on EMS Reports" "Site","Property Name","Property ID","GSF","Incl. in Water Baseline (CY2007)","Water Baseline (sq. ft.)","Water CY2008 (sq. ft.)","Water CY2009 (sq. ft.)","Water Notes","Incl. in Energy Baseline (CY2003)","Energy Baseline (sq. ft.)","CY2008 Energy (sq. ft.)","CY2009 Energy (sq. ft.)","Energy Notes","Included as Existing Building","CY2008 Existing Building (sq. ft.)","Reason for Building Exclusion" "Column Totals",,"Totals",115139,,10579,10579,22512,,,3183365,26374,115374,,,99476 "Durango, CO, Disposal/Processing Site","STORAGE SHED","DUD-BLDG-STORSHED",100,"no",,,,,"no",,,,"OSF","no",,"Less than 5,000 GSF"

158

Small file aggregation in a parallel computing system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Techniques are provided for small file aggregation in a parallel computing system. An exemplary method for storing a plurality of files generated by a plurality of processes in a parallel computing system comprises aggregating the plurality of files into a single aggregated file; and generating metadata for the single aggregated file. The metadata comprises an offset and a length of each of the plurality of files in the single aggregated file. The metadata can be used to unpack one or more of the files from the single aggregated file.

Faibish, Sorin; Bent, John M.; Tzelnic, Percy; Grider, Gary; Zhang, Jingwang

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

159

Global Insight Energy Group  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Outlook Outlook Mary Novak Managing Director IHS Global Insight Copyright © 2010 IHS Global Insight, Inc. Overview: Energy Sector Transformation Underway * The recession has hit energy demand hard, and aggregate energy demand is not expected to return to 2007 levels until 2018. * Oil and natural gas prices will both rise over the long-term, but the price trends will diverge with natural gas prices rising slowly due to the development of shale gas. * This forecast does not include a GHG cap-and-trade program. However, it is assumed that there will be continued improvement in equipment, appliance and building efficiencies that will reduce carbon emissions relative to past projections. * The forecast also includes the more than 30 state- level programs to increase efficiency and reduce

160

Oriented Calcite Micropillars and Prisms Formed through Aggregation and Recrystallization of Poly(Acrylic Acid) Stabilized  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

blocks with possible subsequent crystallographic fusion of high-energy crystal faces.26,27 Inspired and prisms form in a similar way via anisotropic nanoparticle aggregation, growth, fusion, and reorganization. The results may provide new insights into mechanisms of biomineralization. 1. INTRODUCTION Biomimetic

Qi, Limin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

AgSec: Secure and Efficient CDMA-based Aggregation for Smart Metering Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, USA Email: {nxalamatsaz,axboustani,murtuza.jadliwala,vinod.namboodiri}@wichita.edu Abstract-- Security and energy. Hence, utilizing data aggregation algorithms, the limited bandwidth can be efficiently utilized the biggest blackout in North American history in 2003. Investigations showed that the outage was because

Namboodiri, Vinod

162

Real-Time Data Aggregation in Contention-Based Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by a grant from the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong [Project No. CityU 7002359] and the US National done on data aggregation, such as reducing energy consumption [Intanagonwiwat et al. 2000; Tang and Xu City University of Hong Kong and GUOLIANG XING Michigan State University We investigate the problem

163

inactivation of viral aggregates during water treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

treatment. MS2 virus used as the model organism. peracetic acid (PAA) chosen as disinfectant (400 mM) were used to study the pH effect on disinfection rate constants of PAA/L PAA; all experiments showed pseudo-first order kinetics (fig. 1b): biggest aggregates

164

Aggregate vehicle travel forecasting model  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a model for forecasting total US highway travel by all vehicle types, and its implementation in the form of a personal computer program. The model comprises a short-run, econometrically-based module for forecasting through the year 2000, as well as a structural, scenario-based longer term module for forecasting through 2030. The short-term module is driven primarily by economic variables. It includes a detailed vehicle stock model and permits the estimation of fuel use as well as vehicle travel. The longer-tenn module depends on demographic factors to a greater extent, but also on trends in key parameters such as vehicle load factors, and the dematerialization of GNP. Both passenger and freight vehicle movements are accounted for in both modules. The model has been implemented as a compiled program in the Fox-Pro database management system operating in the Windows environment.

Greene, D.L.; Chin, Shih-Miao; Gibson, R. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

A method for designing customer-oriented demand response aggregation service  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Demand response (DR), which controls electric usage of customers when electric system reliability is jeopardised, attracts much societal attention. To realise a pragmatic DR, aggregators have to make well-customised requests for power saving to keep each customer comfortable in energy use. An engineering method is proposed here to design a DR aggregation service from the viewpoint of various customers comfort. The idea is to use an optimum resource allocation method that can provide quantitative information on how much electric power should be saved by each customer. The application validated the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Yoshiki Shimomura; Yutaro Nemoto; Fumiya Akasaka; Ryosuke Chiba; Koji Kimita

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Creating Sustainable Futures Topics include  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

� systemsandinfrastructuresthatsupportthecreationofvalueinnationalandinternational contexts � thedevelopmentofyourowncapacityforinnovationandentrepreneurship Ethics, Religion � makingsenseofdata,analyticalthinking,andmodelling � spaceandtheoriginsoftheuniverse � sound,energy and Professional Development Opportunities to

Haase, Markus

167

Optical activity of electronically delocalized molecular aggregates: Nonlocal response formulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical activity of electronically delocalized molecular aggregates: Nonlocal response formulation and optical rotation in small optically active molecules, larger conjugated molecules, and molecular aggregates is developed using spatially nonlocal electric and magnetic optical response tensors (r

Mukamel, Shaul

168

Thermovoltaic semiconductor device including a plasma filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermovoltaic energy conversion device and related method for converting thermal energy into an electrical potential. An interference filter is provided on a semiconductor thermovoltaic cell to pre-filter black body radiation. The semiconductor thermovoltaic cell includes a P/N junction supported on a substrate which converts incident thermal energy below the semiconductor junction band gap into electrical potential. The semiconductor substrate is doped to provide a plasma filter which reflects back energy having a wavelength which is above the band gap and which is ineffectively filtered by the interference filter, through the P/N junction to the source of radiation thereby avoiding parasitic absorption of the unusable portion of the thermal radiation energy.

Baldasaro, Paul F. (Clifton Park, NY)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

The MSc programme in Environomical Pathways for Sustainable Energy Systems (SELECT) is a cooperation bet-ween seven top universities in Europe.It is a two year master programme including compulsory mobility for the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MSc programme in Environomical Pathways for Sustainable Energy Systems (SELECT Description Sustainable energy service is one of the key issues for humanity and central to the SELECT to estab- lish the environomical pathways towards future sustainable energy systems. Year 1 focuses

Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

170

Preserving quality of service guarantees in spite of flow aggregation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate how quality of service may be guaranteed to a flow of packets in the presence of flow aggregation. For efficiency, multiple flows, known as the constituent flows, are merged together resulting in a single aggregate flow. After the network ... Keywords: Flow aggregation, quality of service, real-time scheduling

Jorge Arturo Cobb

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Thermodynamics and Structure of Peptide-Aggregates at Membrane Surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamics and Structure of Peptide- Aggregates at Membrane Surfaces INAUGURALDISSERTATION zur. Introduction 01 1.1 ­ Thermodynamics of Protein Aggregation 01 1.2 ­ Formation of Protein Aggregates 03 1 and P-glycoprotein: Connecting Thermodynamics and Membrane Structure with Functional Activity 23 3

Quake, Stephen R.

172

Effect of metallic aggregate and cement content on abrasion resistance behaviour of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

objects during service. The abrasive resistance of con- struction materials, including mortar and concreteEffect of metallic aggregate and cement content on abrasion resistance behaviour of concrete O abrasion resistance, such as dams, canals, roads and floors. The abrasion resistance of concrete may

North Texas, University of

173

Aggregated Purchasing and Workplace Charging Can Drive EV Market...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

including the boom. On Tuesday, November 18, Energy Secretary Moniz joined Senior Advisor to the President John Podesta, Edison Electric Institute (EEI) President Tom Kuhn,...

174

Measuring energy efficiency: Is energy intensity a good evidence base?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract There is a widespread assumption in energy statistics and econometrics that energy intensity and energy efficiency are equivalent measures of energy performance of economies. The paper points to the discrepancy between the engineering concept of energy efficiency and the energy intensity as it is understood in macroeconomic statistics. This double discrepancy concerns definitions (while engineering concept of energy efficiency is based on the thermodynamic definition, energy intensity includes economic measures) and use. With regard to the latter, the authors conclude that energy intensity can only provide indirect and delayed evidence of technological and engineering energy efficiency of energy conversion processes, which entails shortcomings for management and policymaking. Therefore, we suggest to stop considering subsectoral, sectoral and other levels of energy intensities as aggregates of lower-level energy efficiency. It is suggested that the insufficiency of energy intensity indicators can be compensated with the introduction of thermodynamic indicators describing energy efficiency at the physical, technological, enterprise, sub-sector, sectoral and national levels without references to any economic or financial parameters. Structured statistical data on thermodynamic efficiency is offered as a better option for identifying break-through technologies and technological bottle-necks that constrain efficiency advancements. It is also suggested that macro-level thermodynamic indicators should be based on the thermodynamic first law efficiency and the energy quality problem may be left to enterprise-level thermoeconomic optimization.

L. Proskuryakova; A. Kovalev

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

EA-1449: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Final Environmental Assessment Final Environmental Assessment EA-1449: Final Environmental Assessment Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash, King George County, Virginia The proposed action is for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to provide cost- shared financial support to Universal Aggregates, LLC, for the design, construction, and operation of a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Mirant-Birchwood Power Plant Facility (Mirant-Birchwood Facility) in King George County, Virginia. DOE would provide approximately 37% of the $19.6 million cost of the project (about $7.2 million), with the industrial participant providing the remainder of the cost. The project, which includes 15 months of operation and testing,

176

Chain-aggregate aerosols in smoke from the Kuwait oil fires  

SciTech Connect

Electrooptical scattering was used to detect aggregated particle chains in the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires. Nonsphericity was detected by the change in light scattering brought about by induced alignment of particles when subjected to a pulsed, bipolar electric field. Measured parameters included the steady state enhancement of light scattering for complete orientation of the particles, and the rotational diffusion constant, calculated from the time required for the particles to relax to a random orientation after the electric field was removed. Chain aggregates of soot formed within seconds of combustion for those fires producing black smoke. These aggregates agglomerated to some extent in the smoke near the fires, but then remained relatively unchanged for several hours of travel downwind. Very little nonsphericity was detected for particles in the plume of white smoke, which consisted primarily of salt brine products emitted along with the oil. 10 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Weiss, R.E. [Radiance Research, Inc., Seattle, WA (United States); Kapustin, V.N. [Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Hobbs, P.V. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)

1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

177

Meals included in Conference Registrations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Meals included in Conference Registrations Meals included as part of the cost of a conference the most reasonable rates are obtained. Deluxe hotels and motels should be avoided. GSA rates have been for Georgia high cost areas. 75% of these amounts would be $21 for non- high cost areas and $27 for high cost

Arnold, Jonathan

178

Evaluation of superpave fine aggregate specification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION. . Statement of the Problem. . Objectives. 2 4 II LITERATURE REVIEW. Background. . Characterization of Material Properties. . NAA Flow Test Method. . Flow Rate Method. . ASTM Method D 3398. . Direct Shear Test... nature of the procedure and its similarity to FAA, this test was not used in this study. ASTM Method D 3398 ASTM D 3398 determines an index of aggregate particle shape and texture, I, . It provides an index value to the relative parficle shape...

Chowdhury, Md. Tahjib-Ul-Arif

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

179

NETL: PPII - Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demonstration Project Documents - Industrial Applications Demonstration Project Documents - Industrial Applications Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash - Project Brief [PDF-72KB] Universal Aggregates, LLC, King George County, VA PROJECT FACT SHEET Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash [PDF-412KB] (Feb 2008) PROGRAM PUBLICATIONS Final Report Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Absorber Ash [PDF-4.5MB] (Nov 2007) CCT Reports: Project Performance Summaries, Post-Project Assessments, & Topical Reports Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash: A DOE Assessment [PDF-170KB] (Mar 2008)

180

On the friction coefficient of straight-chain aggregates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A methodology to calculate the friction coefficient of an aggregate in the continuum regime is proposed. The friction coefficient and the monomer shielding factors, aggregate-average or individual, are related to the molecule-aggregate collision rate that is obtained from the molecular diffusion equation with an absorbing boundary condition on the aggregate surface. Calculated friction coefficients of straight chains are in very good agreement with previous results, suggesting that the friction coefficients may be accurately calculated from the product of the collision rate and an average momentum transfer,the latter being independent of aggregate morphology. Langevin-dynamics simulations show that the diffusive motion of straight-chain aggregates may be described either by a monomer-dependent or an aggregate-average random force, if the shielding factors are appropriately chosen.

Lorenzo Isella; Yannis Drossinos

2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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181

Sponsorship includes: Agriculture in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sponsorship includes: · Agriculture in the Classroom · Douglas County Farm Bureau · Gifford Farm · University of Nebraska Agricultural Research and Development Center · University of Nebraska- Lincoln Awareness Coalition is to help youth, primarily from urban communities, become aware of agriculture

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

182

Quick Guide: Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) (Fact Sheet), Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy for different facilities through energy for different facilities through multiple suppliers. Because this allows for aggregate REC purchases for multiple sites, check with your agency before proceeding to determine whether REC purchases are already being made at the agency level. Federal Renewable Energy Requirements Satisfied by RECs Multiple laws and executive orders define requirements for the use of renewable energy in Federal facilities. RECs can only be used to satisfy goals associated with renewable energy consumption or the environmental benefits of renewable energy consumption. This includes meeting GHG emissions reduction goals. Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005: EPAct 2005 requires Federal agencies to consume increasing amounts of renewable energy; specifically: * 3 percent in fiscal

183

Quick Guide: Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) (Fact Sheet), Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

energy for different facilities through energy for different facilities through multiple suppliers. Because this allows for aggregate REC purchases for multiple sites, check with your agency before proceeding to determine whether REC purchases are already being made at the agency level. Federal Renewable Energy Requirements Satisfied by RECs Multiple laws and executive orders define requirements for the use of renewable energy in Federal facilities. RECs can only be used to satisfy goals associated with renewable energy consumption or the environmental benefits of renewable energy consumption. This includes meeting GHG emissions reduction goals. Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005: EPAct 2005 requires Federal agencies to consume increasing amounts of renewable energy; specifically: * 3 percent in fiscal

184

Capillary Break Beneath a Slab: Polyethylene Sheeting over Aggregate...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Capillary Break Beneath a Slab: Polyethylene Sheeting Over Aggregate Southwestern Pennsylvania PROJECT INFORMATION Project Name: Capillary Break Beneath a Slab: Polyethylene...

185

Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 01/13/14 7.83 7.76 7.90 8.91 8.76 8.11 3.68 01/06/14 8.00 7.78 7.94 8.92 8.74 8.09 3.69 12/30/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.68 12/23/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.63 12/16/13 7.86 7.79 8.05 9.00 8.78 8.08 3.61 12/9/13 7.95 7.81 8.14 8.99 8.80 8.12 3.63 12/2/13 7.91 7.68 8.07 8.85 8.68 8.08 3.64 11/25/13 7.69 7.61 8.07 8.77 8.63 7.97 3.65 11/18/13 7.99 7.54 8.00 8.70 8.57 7.92 3.57 11/11/13 7.63 7.44 7.79 8.63 8.46 7.85 3.55 11/4/13 7.70 7.51 7.98 8.70 8.59 7.86 3.61 10/28/13 8.02 7.74 8.08 8.96 8.79 8.04 3.64 10/21/13 7.91 7.71 8.11 8.94 8.80 8.05 3.70 10/14/13 7.88 7.62 8.05 8.87 8.74 7.97 3.69

186

Advancing Energy Systems through Integration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advancing Energy Systems Advancing Energy Systems through Integration Presented in partnership with the United States Department of Energy November 20, 2012 Webinar Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: District Heating with Renewable Energy Saint Paul's Community Energy System * Underground network of pipes aggregate heating and cooling needs * Aggregated thermal loads allows application of technologies and fuels not feasible for individual buildings * Increases fuel flexibility, rate stability, and reliability Community Scale Heating and Cooling 4 ever-greenenergy.com Ever-Green Energy Integrated Energy System flexible & renewable fuel sources reliable and effective production & storage hot & chilled water loops maximize energy conservation & reliability

187

State energy price and expenditure report 1994  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates individually for the 50 States and the District of Columbia and in aggregate for the United States. The price and expenditure estimates developed in the State Energy Price and Expenditure Data System (SEPEDS) are provided by energy source and economic sector and are published for the years 1970 through 1994. Consumption estimates used to calculate expenditures and the documentation for those estimates are taken from the State Energy Data Report 1994, Consumption Estimates (SEDR), published in October 1996. Expenditures are calculated by multiplying the price estimates by the consumption estimates, which are adjusted to remove process fuel; intermediate petroleum products; and other consumption that has no direct fuel costs, i.e., hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, solar, and photovoltaic energy sources. Documentation is included describing the development of price estimates, data sources, and calculation methods. 316 tabs.

NONE

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Organizing the Aggregate: Languages for Spatial Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the number of computing devices embedded into engineered systems continues to rise, there is a widening gap between the needs of the user to control aggregates of devices and the complex technology of individual devices. Spatial computing attempts to bridge this gap for systems with local communication by exploiting the connection between physical locality and device connectivity. A large number of spatial computing domain specific languages (DSLs) have emerged across diverse domains, from biology and reconfigurable computing, to sensor networks and agent-based systems. In this paper, we develop a framework for analyzing and comparing spatial computing DSLs, survey the current state of the art, and provide a roadmap for future spatial computing DSL investigation.

Beal, Jacob; Usbeck, Kyle; Viroli, Mirko; Correll, Nikolaus

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Experimental pressure solution compaction of synthetic halite/calcite aggregates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimental pressure solution compaction of synthetic halite/calcite aggregates Sergey Zubtsova of weakening of sediment-like aggregates by addition of hard particles. Sieved mixtures of calcite and halite solution. The individual halite grains deform easily by pressure solution creep whereas calcite grains act

190

Controlling Nanoparticle Aggregation in Colloidal Microwave Absorbers via Interface Chemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Controlling Nanoparticle Aggregation in Colloidal Microwave Absorbers via Interface Chemistry Brian ABSTRACT Interface chemistry can be implemented to modulate the aggregation and dispersion of nanoparticles of superparamagnetic magnetite nanoparticles in organic and aqueous solutions. With decrease in solution pH, individual

Stowell, Michael

191

Safe Overprovisioning: Using Power Limits to Increase Aggregate Throughput  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-scalable system components allow for dynamically controlling power consumption with an accompanying ef- fect disruptions occur along with the ability to monitor aggregate power usage [4]. Hardware provides a meansSafe Overprovisioning: Using Power Limits to Increase Aggregate Throughput Mark E. Femal

Reeves, Douglas S.

192

A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that displays energy usage graphs (measured by ACmes) of8.9. In this graph, we re-aggregate energy usage based on

Jiang, Xiaofan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Integration of Electric Energy Storage into Power Systems with Renewable Energy Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

strategy is proposed to optimally manage the charging and discharging operation of energy storage in order to minimize the energy purchasing cost for a distribution system load aggregator in power markets. Different operation strategies of energy storage...

Xu, Yixing 1985-

2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

194

Performance-based approach to evaluate alkali-silica reaction potential of aggregate and concrete using dilatometer method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

....................................................... 27 Aggregate Testing................................................................... 28 Cement-Aggregate Combination Testing ............................... 31 Gel Identification............................................................. 110 Chemistry of Pore Solution in Concrete ...................................... 113 Solubility of ASR Gel.................................................................. 113 Determination of Aggregate...

Shon, Chang Seon

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

195

Real-time push middleware and mobile application for electric vehicle smart charging and aggregation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a real-time push middleware and mobile application for data and multimedia content delivery to enable electric vehicle smart charging and aggregation. Intelligent aggregation and charge scheduling software can leverage the battery capacity of an EV to level peak loads by delaying or throttling charging during peak loads, 'valley fill' during off-peak times, and contribute to demand response and spinning reserves by sending electricity into the grid. EV users are updated on the status of their vehicle and may set their charge parameters via web or native mobile application. Facility and utility operators can monitor and control garage and microgrid status through a separate web or mobile application. The content to facilitate aggregated smart charging and monitoring may come from a variety of sources including web servers, ftp servers, Bluetooth or Zigbee or other protocol sensors, and local or remote databases. The middleware will accept content upload and database storage, securely provide content to outside entities, match content to user subscriptions, use user context including connection speed, device type, and location to deliver appropriately formatted content, and provide a reliable mechanism for push content delivery to a multitude of devices including mobile phones and tablet.

Siddhartha Mal; Rajit Gadh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Role of Standard Demand Response Signals for Advanced Automated Aggregation  

SciTech Connect

Emerging standards such as OpenADR enable Demand Response (DR) Resources to interact directly with Utilities and Independent System Operators to allow their facility automation equipment to respond to a variety of DR signals ranging from day ahead to real time ancillary services. In addition, there are Aggregators in todays markets who are capable of bringing together collections of aggregated DR assets and selling them to the grid as a single resource. However, in most cases these aggregated resources are not automated and when they are, they typically use proprietary technologies. There is a need for a framework for dealing with aggregated resources that supports the following requirements: Allows demand-side resources to participate in multiple DR markets ranging from wholesale ancillary services to retail tariffs without being completely committed to a single entity like an Aggregator; Allow aggregated groups of demand-side resources to be formed in an ad hoc fashion to address specific grid-side issues and support the optimization of the collective response of an aggregated group along a number of different dimensions. This is important in order to taylor the aggregated performance envelope to the needs to of the grid; Allow aggregated groups to be formed in a hierarchical fashion so that each group can participate in variety of markets from wholesale ancillary services to distribution level retail tariffs. This paper explores the issues of aggregated groups of DR resources as described above especially within the context of emerging smart grid standards and the role they will play in both the management and interaction of various grid-side entities with those resources.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Kiliccote, Sila

2011-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

197

ALKALI AGGREGATE REACTION AND DELAYED ETTRINGITE FORMATION: COMMON FEATURES AND DIFFERENCES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ALKALI AGGREGATE REACTION AND DELAYED ETTRINGITE FORMATION: COMMON FEATURES AND DIFFERENCES Renaud Department, Paris, France Abstract Alkali-Aggregate Reaction (AAR) and Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF effects 1 INTRODUCTION Alkali Aggregate Reaction (AAR) and Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) are internal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

198

Excitation transfer pathways in excitonic aggregates revealed by the stochastic Schrdinger equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the stochastic Schr\\"odinger equation for the system wave vector and use it to describe the excitation energy transfer dynamics in molecular aggregates. We suggest a quantum-measurement based method of estimating the excitation transfer time. Adequacy of the proposed approach is demonstrated by performing calculations on a model system. The theory is then applied to study the excitation transfer dynamics in a photosynthetic pigment-protein Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) aggregate using both the Debye spectral density and the spectral density obtained from earlier molecular dynamics simulations containing strong vibrational high-frequency modes. The obtained results show that the excitation transfer times in the FMO system are affected by the presence of the vibrational modes, however the transfer pathways remain the same.

Vytautas Abramavicius; Darius Abramavicius

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

199

Excitation transfer pathways in excitonic aggregates revealed by the stochastic Schr\\"odinger equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the stochastic Schr\\"odinger equation for the system wave vector and use it to describe the excitation energy transfer dynamics in molecular aggregates. We suggest a quantum-measurement based method of estimating the excitation transfer time. Adequacy of the proposed approach is demonstrated by performing calculations on a model system. The theory is then applied to study the excitation transfer dynamics in a photosynthetic pigment-protein Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) aggregate using both the Debye spectral density and the spectral density obtained from earlier molecular dynamics simulations containing strong vibrational high-frequency modes. The obtained results show that the excitation transfer times in the FMO system are affected by the presence of the vibrational modes, however the transfer pathways remain the same.

Abramavicius, Vytautas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

E-Print Network 3.0 - adenosine diphosphate-induced aggregation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

diphosphate-induced aggregation Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: adenosine diphosphate-induced aggregation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >>...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali-aggregate reactions strengthening...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Durability Issues K.W. Neale1 Summary: conducted on the FRP rehabilitation of concrete beams suffering from alkali aggregate reaction damage... to alkali aggregate reactions. FRP...

202

E-Print Network 3.0 - aggregation chemistry Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

chemistry Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aggregation chemistry Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Aggregation, Snowflakes, and Viscous...

203

Practical Limits on Achievable Energy Improvements and Useable Delay Tolerance in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data gathering is to reduce the energy cost of an aggregation tree. The energy optimal aggregationPractical Limits on Achievable Energy Improvements and Useable Delay Tolerance in Correlation Aware during the data gathering process to improve energy efficiency. In this paper, we study the energy

Sivakumar, Raghupathy

204

Honda Smart Home to Include Berkeley Lab Ventilation Controller  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Honda Smart Home to Include Berkeley Lab Ventilation Controller Honda Smart Home to Include Berkeley Lab Ventilation Controller Honda smart home October 2013 October-November Special Focus: Energy Efficiency, Buildings, and the Electric Grid Honda Motor Company Inc is proceeding with plans to build a Smart Home in Davis, California, to demonstrate the latest in renewable energy technologies and energy efficiency. The home is expected to produce more energy than is consumed, demonstrating how the goal of "zero net energy" can be met in the near term future. A ventilation controller developed by researchers at Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division (EETD) will be included in the smart home. EETD is currently working with the developers of the home control system to integrate its control algorithms.

205

Process for producing an aggregate suitable for inclusion into a radiation shielding product  

SciTech Connect

The present invention is directed to methods for converting depleted uranium hexafluoride to a stable depleted uranium silicide in a one-step reaction. Uranium silicide provides a stable aggregate material that can be added to concrete to increase the density of the concrete and, consequently, shield gamma radiation. As used herein, the term "uranium silicide" is defined as a compound generically having the formula U.sub.x Si.sub.y, wherein the x represents the molecules of uranium and the y represent the molecules of silicon. In accordance with the present invention, uranium hexafluoride is converted to a uranium silicide by contacting the uranium hexafluoride with a silicon-containing material at a temperature in a range between about 1450.degree. C. and about 1750.degree. C. The stable depleted uranium silicide is included as an aggregate in a radiation shielding product, such as a concrete product.

Lessing, Paul A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Kong, Peter C. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy newsroomassetsimagesenergy-icon.png Energy Research into alternative forms of energy, and improving and securing the power grid, is a major national security...

207

Aggregate Net Metering Opportunities for Local Governments |...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

of Agriculture Other Federal Resources Other Federal Resources Featured Resources Rural Utilities Service Electric Program Rural Energy for America Program Green Power...

208

Moisture Diffusion in Asphalt Binders and Fine Aggregate Mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost in highway maintenance and vehicle operations. One key mechanism of how moisture reaches the asphalt-aggregate interface is by its permeation or diffusion through the asphalt binder or mastic. Different techniques are available for diffusion...

Vasconcelos, Kamilla L.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

209

The Belief-Function Approach to Aggregating Audit Evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article, we present the belief-function approach to aggregating audit evidence. The approach uses an evidential network to represent the structure of audit evidence. In turn, it allows us to treat all types of ...

Srivastava, Rajendra P.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

A representative individual from Arrovian aggregation of parametric individual utilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A representative individual from Arrovian aggregation of parametric individual utilities social choice theory Assumptions Assumption on decisive coalitions Assumptions on individual utility functions Assumptions on the social welfare function Results The socially acceptable utility function

211

Water adsorption on aggregates of spherical aerosol nano particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

graphite planer substrate; the result corresponds well with previous simulation work. Adsorption of both noble gas and water onto a single spherical nano particle and aggregates of spherical nano particles has been computed with the developed equation...

Nie, Chu

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Tangible interfaces for manipulating aggregates of digital information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops new approaches for people to physically represent and interact with aggregates of digital information. These support the concept of Tangible User Interfaces (TUIs), a genre of human-computer interaction ...

Ullmer, Brygg Anders

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Ground Motions from and House Response to Underground Aggregate Mining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interest because many urban quarries have gone underground or are considering doing so. Three cracks were to determine future blasting controls for a underground aggregate quarry near Franklin, KY (Revey, 2005

214

SWEEP - Save Water and Energy Education Program  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study was to develop, monitor, analyze, and report on an integrated resource-conservation program highlighting efficient residential appliances and fixtures. The sites of study were 50 homes in two water-constrained communities located in Oregon. The program was designed to maximize water savings to these communities and to serve as a model for other communities seeking an integrated approach to energy and water resource efficiency. The program included the installation and in-place evaluation of energy- and water-efficient devices including the following: horizontal axis clothes washers (and the matching clothes dryers), resource-efficient dishwashers, an innovative dual flush low-flow toilet, low-flow showerheads, and faucet aerators. The significance of this activity lies in its integrated approach and unique metering evaluation of individual end-use, aggregated residential total use, and system-wide energy and water benefits.

Sullivan, Gregory P; Elliott, Douglas B; Hillman, Tim C; Hadley, Adam; Ledbetter, Marc R; Payson, David R

2001-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

215

Characterization of aggregate shape properties using a computer automated system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

????????????????????.. 6 The Influence of Aggregate Shape on Pavement Performance... 7 Hot-mix Asphalt Mixtures?...?.?.???........................ 7 Hydraulic Cement Concrete Mixtures????????... 11 Unbound Layers???????.????????........ 14 Identifying Aggregate... base and subbase layers have a significant influence on the engineering properties of the pavement structure in which they are used (Kandhal and Parker 1998; Saeed et al. 2001; Meininger 1998). The form, angularity, and texture of fine and coarse...

Al Rousan, Taleb Mustafa

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

216

Quantitative assessment of alkali-reactive aggregate mineral content through XRD using polished sections as a supplementary tool to RILEM AAR-1 (petrographic method)  

SciTech Connect

The mineral content of 5 aggregate samples from 4 different countries, including reactive and non-reactive aggregate types, was assessed quantitatively by X-ray diffraction (XRD) using polished sections. Additionally, electron probe microanalyzer (EPMA) mapping and cathodoluminescence (CL) were used to characterize the opal-CT identified in one of the aggregate samples. Critical review of results from polished sections against traditionally powdered specimen has demonstrated that for fine-grained rocks without preferred orientation the assessment of mineral content by XRD using polished sections may represent an advantage over traditional powder specimens. Comparison of data on mineral content and silica speciation with expansion data from PARTNER project confirmed that the presence of opal-CT plays an important role in the reactivity of one of the studied aggregates. Used as a complementary tool to RILEM AAR-1, the methodology suggested in this paper has the potential to improve the strength of the petrographic method.

Castro, Nelia, E-mail: nelia.castro@ntnu.no [Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Department of Geology and Mineral Resources Engineering, Sem Saelands vei 1, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway)] [Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Department of Geology and Mineral Resources Engineering, Sem Saelands vei 1, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway); Sorensen, Bjorn E. [Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Department of Geology and Mineral Resources Engineering, Sem Saelands vei 1, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway)] [Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Department of Geology and Mineral Resources Engineering, Sem Saelands vei 1, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway); Broekmans, Maarten A.T.M. [Geological Survey of Norway, Department of Industrial Minerals and Metals, PO Box 6315 Sluppen, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

Environmental Energy Technologies Division News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Berkeley Lab Finds Steady Growth Among U.S. ESCOs, Despite Recession Berkeley Lab Finds Steady Growth Among U.S. ESCOs, Despite Recession Aggregate revenue growth rates for U.S. energy service companies (ESCOs) significantly outpaced U.S. gross domestic product growth from 2009 to 2011 and could more than double in size by 2020 according to a new report by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) researchers. Line graph illustrating aggregate insdustry revenues. The long-term projections are: $15.3 billion (High), $13.3 billion (Medium) $10.6 billion (Low) Aggregate industry revenues with long-term projections: 1990-2020 Aggregate industry revenues with long-term projections: 1990-2020 Energy service companies primarily use performance-based contracts to provide energy efficiency, renewable, and other energy-related services

218

Analysis of the Energy Intensity of Industries in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the aggregate energy-intensity of industry. Applied Energyindustries with final energy intensities of 12.3 Billion BtuAs mentioned, the energy intensity of this sector is much

Can, Stephane de la Rue du

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Indiana Energy Energy Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indiana Energy Conference Energy Challenges And Opportunities November 5, 2013 ­ 9:00 a.m. ­ 5:00 p spectrum of business sectors including: Energy Community Manufacturing Policymakers Finance Engineering of Energy & Water: A Well of Opportunity Our water and energy systems are inextricably linked. Energy

Ginzel, Matthew

220

Including Retro-Commissioning in Federal Energy Savings Performance...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of the savings generated, and can be funded by the annual savings of the ECM bundle. Measurement & Verification of Retro-Cx Measurement and verification strategies for...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Oregon: a guide to geothermal energy development. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect

The following subjects are covered: Oregons' geothermal potential, exploration methods and costs, drilling, utilization methods, economic factors of direct use projects, and legal and institutional setting. (MHR)

Justus, D.; Basescu, N.; Bloomquist, R.G.; Higbee, C.; Simpson, S.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Energy Department Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

U.S.'s part of this action). The Treasury Department and IRS announced that "dyed diesel fuel" normally limited to off-road use would be permitted for road use. This action will...

223

End-to-end aggregate authentication of time-series data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the problem of providing integrity of aggregate result in the presence of an untrusted data aggregator who may introduce errors into data fusion, causing the final aggregate result to far deviate from the true result determined by participating ... Keywords: aggregate authentication, computation over authenticated data, time-series

Di Ma; Yan Zhu; Mengyang Yu

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Wind Energy | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Wind Energy Wind Energy Below are resources for Tribes on wind energy technologies. 2012 Market Report on Wind Technologies in Distributed Applications Includes a breakdown of...

225

Application-oriented modelling of domestic energy demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Detailed residential energy consumption data can be used to offer advanced services and provide new business opportunities to all participants in the energy supply chain, including utilities, distributors and customers. The increasing interest in the residential consumption data is behind the roll-out of smart meters in large areas and led to intensified research efforts in new data acquisition technologies for the energy sector. This paper introduces a novel model for generation of residential energy consumption profiles based on the energy demand contribution of each household appliance and calculated by using a probabilistic approach. The model takes into consideration a wide range of household appliances and its modular structure provides a high degree of flexibility. Residential consumption data generated by the proposed model are suitable for development of new services and applications such as residential real-time pricing schemes or tools for energy demand prediction. To demonstrate the main features of the model, an individual household consumption was created and the effects of a possible change in the user behaviour and the appliance configuration presented. In order to show the flexibility offered in creation of the aggregated demand, the detailed simulation results of an energy demand management algorithm applied to an aggregated user group are used.

J.K. Gruber; S. Jahromizadeh; M. Prodanovi?; V. Rako?evi?

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Oxygen Limitation within a Bacterial Aggregate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...standard deviation of the average of cells exposed to 2...and Doring G. 2002. Effects of reduced mucus oxygen...Lewandowski Z. 1994. Effects of biofilm structures...Dietrich LE , Okegbe C, Price-Whelan A, Sakhtah...capability. Energy Fuels 20 :1565-1571. doi...

Aimee K. Wessel; Talha A. Arshad; Mignon Fitzpatrick; Jodi L. Connell; Roger T. Bonnecaze; Jason B. Shear; Marvin Whiteley

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Heavy Petroleum Composition. 3. Asphaltene Aggregation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ever-increasing worldwide demand for energy has led to the upgrading of heavy crude oil and asphaltene-rich feedstocks becoming viable refining options for the petroleum industry. ... fractions of heavy petroleums were examd. ... changes, introduction of miscible gases and liqs., mixing with diluents and other oils, and, during acid stimulation, hot oiling and other oilfield operations. ...

Amy M. McKenna; Lynda J. Donald; Jade E. Fitzsimmons; Priyanka Juyal; Victor Spicer; Kenneth G. Standing; Alan G. Marshall; Ryan P. Rodgers

2013-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

228

Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy ... Scientific Challenges in Sustainable Energy Technology, by Nathan S. Lewis of the California Institute of Technology, summarizes data on energy resources and analyses the implications for human society. ... ConfChem Conference on Educating the Next Generation: Green and Sustainable ChemistrySolar Energy: A Chemistry Course on Sustainability for General Science Education and Quantitative Reasoning ...

John W. Moore

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Prevalence of gout with comorbidity aggregations in southern Taiwan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractObjective Comorbidity is an important concern for chronic gout patients. We evaluated the relationship between comorbidity profiles and gout in Taiwan aborigines and Taiwanese Han. Methods We used the claims data from the Taiwan national health insurance database for 2004 to 2006. Physician-diagnosed gout and comorbidities were coded using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM). Total sampling from Pingtung County of southern Taiwan included 37,482 aborigines (gout cases, n=3906 and controls, n=33,576) and 37,451 Han (gout cases, n=1115 and controls, n=36,336). Results In 2006, the gout prevalences were 10.42% and 2.98% (prevalence ratio [PR]=3.50) in the aborigines and Han general populations, respectively. The prevalences of uric acid nephrolithiasis and tophi were higher in aborigines (0.42% and 0.30%, respectively) than in Han (0.09% and 0.04%, respectively). When stratified by comorbidity status, the prevalences of gout were 4.49% and 27.34% in aborigines and 1.52% and 9.44% in Han (approximate PR=3.00). Similarly, the prevalence ratios of gout in the comorbidity group, compared with the non-comorbidity group, were 6.09 in aborigines and 6.23 in Han. Multivariate odds ratios [ORs] showed that hypercholesterolemia, hyperglyceridemia, essential hypertension and renal insufficiency were the common comorbidities of gout (OR?1.63); heart failure exerted a significant effect only in aborigines (OR=1.55). For five comorbidity factors, patients with multiple comorbidities had higher gout prevalence (maximum OR=12.90). Conclusion Gout prevalence was higher in aborigines, both with and without comorbidities, than in Han. The comorbid diseases and comorbidity aggregations showed a substantial association with gout occurrence in both ethnicities.

Fang-Yi Tu; Gau-Tyan Lin; Su-Shin Lee; Yi-Ching Tung; Hung-Ping Tu; Hung-Che Chiang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

RAPID COAGULATION OF POROUS DUST AGGREGATES OUTSIDE THE SNOW LINE: A PATHWAY TO SUCCESSFUL ICY PLANETESIMAL FORMATION  

SciTech Connect

Rapid orbital drift of macroscopic dust particles is one of the major obstacles to planetesimal formation in protoplanetary disks. We re-examine this problem by considering the porosity evolution of dust aggregates. We apply a porosity model based on recent N-body simulations of aggregate collisions, which allows us to study the porosity change upon collision for a wide range of impact energies. As a first step, we neglect collisional fragmentation and instead focus on dust evolution outside the snow line, where the fragmentation has been suggested to be less significant than inside the snow line because of the high sticking efficiency of icy particles. We show that dust particles can evolve into highly porous aggregates (with internal densities of much less than 0.1 g cm{sup -3}) even if collisional compression is taken into account. We also show that the high porosity triggers significant acceleration in collisional growth. This acceleration is a natural consequence of the particles' aerodynamical properties at low Knudsen numbers, i.e., at particle radii larger than the mean free path of the gas molecules. Thanks to this rapid growth, the highly porous aggregates are found to overcome the radial drift barrier at orbital radii less than 10 AU (assuming the minimum-mass solar nebula model). This suggests that, if collisional fragmentation is truly insignificant, formation of icy planetesimals is possible via direct collisional growth of submicron-sized icy particles.

Okuzumi, Satoshi; Kobayashi, Hiroshi [Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8602 (Japan); Tanaka, Hidekazu [Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0819 (Japan); Wada, Koji, E-mail: okuzumi@nagoya-u.jp [Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology, Narashino, Chiba 275-0016 (Japan)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

231

Rapid Coagulation of Porous Dust Aggregates outside the Snow Line: A Pathway to Successful Icy Planetesimal Formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rapid orbital drift of macroscopic dust particles is one of the major obstacles to planetesimal formation in protoplanetary disks. We re-examine this problem by considering the porosity evolution of dust aggregates. We apply a porosity model based on recent N-body simulations of aggregate collisions, which allows us to study the porosity change upon collision for a wide range of impact energies. As a first step, we neglect collisional fragmentation and instead focus on dust evolution outside the snow line, where the fragmentation has been suggested to be less significant than inside the snow line because of the high sticking efficiency of icy particles. We show that dust particles can evolve into highly porous aggregates (with internal densities of much less than 0.1 g cm3) even if collisional compression is taken into account. We also show that the high porosity triggers significant acceleration in collisional growth. This acceleration is a natural consequence of the particles' aerodynamical properties at low Knudsen numbers, i.e., at particle radii larger than the mean free path of the gas molecules. Thanks to this rapid growth, the highly porous aggregates are found to overcome the radial drift barrier at orbital radii less than 10AU (assuming the minimum-mass solar nebula model). This suggests that, if collisional fragmentation is truly insignificant, formation of icy planetesimals is possible via direct collisional growth of submicron-sized icy particles.

Satoshi Okuzumi; Hidekazu Tanaka; Hiroshi Kobayashi; Koji Wada

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Capillary Break Beneath a Slab: Polyethylene Sheeting over Aggregate; Southwestern Pennsylvania (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This document provides content for three areas of the Building America Solution Center. First, "Insulating Closed Crawlspace Walls and Band Joist Area" describes how to install rigid foam insulation on the interior perimeter walls and band joist area in closed crawlspace foundations of homes. Second, "Removing Construction Debris from Flexible Ducts" describes how to clean flexible ducts after construction or major renovation of a home to remove debris resulting from building materials, particularly airborne dust and particulates. Third, images, CAD drawings, and a case study illustrate right and wrong ways to apply polyethylene sheeting over aggregate. Similarly, a CAD drawing is included that illustrates the use of a concrete slab over polyethylene.

Not Available

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Energy and Air Emissions Embodied in China?U.S. Trade: Eastbound Assessment Using Adjusted Bilateral Trade Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To do so, we use nine subcategories in energy consumed, including coal, coke, crude oil, gasoline, kerosene, diesel oil, fuel oil, natural gas, and electricity. ... Among the ten aggregated commodity groups, textiles, electric and electronic equipment, and other equipment, take 60?70% of the total eastbound trade. ... Schindler, J. W.; Beckett, D. H. Adjusting Chinese bilateral trade data: How big is Chinas trade surplus? ...

Ming Xu; Braden Allenby; Weiqiang Chen

2009-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

234

NACP Site-Model and Aggregated Flux Data Published  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site-Model and Aggregated Flux Data Published Site-Model and Aggregated Flux Data Published The ORNL DAAC is pleased to announce the release of a data set from the North American Carbon Program (NACP): NACP Site: Terrestrial Biosphere Model and Aggregated Flux Data in Standard Format . Data set prepared by D.M. Ricciuto, K. Schaefer, P.E. Thornton, K. Davis, R.B. Cook, Shishi Liu, R. Anderson, M.A. Arain, I. Baker, J.M. Chen, M. Dietze, R. Grant, C. Izaurralde, A.K. Jain, A.W. King, C. Kucharik, Shuguang Liu, E. Lokupitiya, Y. Luo, C. Peng, B. Poulter, D. Price, W. Riley, A. Sahoo, H. Tian, C. Tonitto, and H. Verbeeck. This data set provides standardized output variables for gross primary productivity (GPP), net ecosystem exchange (NEE), leaf area index (LAI), ecosystem respiration (Re), latent heat flux (LE), and sensible heat flux (H) from 24

235

Ferrofluid aggregates phase transitions in the planar magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence of the cyclic heating and cooling on properties of the aggregates (aka "ferrofluid clusters") in a ferrofluid, which made on the basis of magnetite nanoparticles, are investigated. The heating of the ferrofluid layer with such aggregates leads to equalization of the concentration between high- and low-concentrated phases. The temperature of the equalization of the phase concentrations was determined at different values of an external constant magnetic field, which was applied parallel to the layer of the ferrofluid. The temperature of the destruction of a periodic structure of the magnetic aggregates, which were formed during cooling of a homogeneous phase of the ferrofluid, was obtained at the different values of the applied external magnetic field.

V. F. Kovalenko; M. V. Petrychuk; B. M. Tanygin; S. I. Shulyma

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

236

Effects of internal mixing and aggregate morphology on optical properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effects of internal mixing and aggregate morphology on optical properties Effects of internal mixing and aggregate morphology on optical properties of black carbon using a discrete dipole approximation model Title Effects of internal mixing and aggregate morphology on optical properties of black carbon using a discrete dipole approximation model Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Scarnato, B., S. Vahidinia, D. T. Richard, and Thomas W. Kirchstetter Journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Volume 12 Pagination 26401-26434 Abstract According to recent studies, internal mixing of black carbon (BC) with other aerosol materials in the atmosphere alters its aggregate shape, absorption of solar radiation, and radiative forcing. These mixing state effects are not yet fully understood. In this study, we characterize the morphology and mixing state of bare BC and BC internally mixed with sodium chloride (NaCl) using electron microscopy and examine the sensitivity of optical properties to BC mixing state and aggregate morphology using a discrete dipole approximation model (DDSCAT). DDSCAT predicts a higher mass absorption coefficient, lower single scattering albedo (SSA), and higher absorption Angstrom exponent (AAE) for bare BC aggregates that are lacy rather than compact. Predicted values of SSA at 550 nm range between 0.18 and 0.27 for lacy and compact aggregates, respectively, in agreement with reported experimental values of 0.25 ± 0.05. The variation in absorption with wavelength does not adhere precisely to a power law relationship over the 200 to 1000 nm range. Consequently, AAE values depend on the wavelength region over which they are computed. In the 300 to 550 nm range, AAE values ranged in this study from 0.70 for compact to 0.95 for lacy aggregates. The SSA of BC internally mixed with NaCl (100-300 nm in radius) is higher than for bare BC and increases with the embedding in the NaCl. Internally mixed BC SSA values decrease in the 200-400 nm wavelength range, a feature also common to the optical properties of dust and organics. Linear polarization features are also predicted in DDSCAT and are dependent on particle morphology. The bare BC (with a radius of 80 nm) presents in the linear polarization a bell shape feature, which is a characteristic of the Rayleigh regime (for particles smaller than the wavelength of incident radiation). When BC is internally mixed with NaCl (100-300 nm in radius), strong depolarization features for near-VIS incident radiation are evident, such as a decrease in the intensity and multiple modes at different angles corresponding to different mixing states.

237

Investigation for determining the curing characteristics of lightweight aggregate concrete  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reached in froa 65 to 70 days for clay and shale con- ctetece The possibility of the entrapped or absorbed water in the aggregate acting as a self curing agent for lightweight aggregate concrete and the supporting statcscents concerning the slower than... standard 5/8 inch roue@, bullet~ tamping rod, while the beams wars compacted by being roddsd 55 times on each of two equal S inch layers with the standard tamping rod, The concrete an both sides and at the ends of the bxsm mold was spaded with a travel...

Carlton, Thomas Arlis

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Evaluation of synthetic aggregates for use in concrete  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of synthetic aggregates may result in 4 irregular aggrege. te behavior with respect to those test procedures. Investigators at the Texas Transportation Institute have sug- g sted some new r. echniques to evaluate the synthet. ic ageregate. Some... in firing temperature and retention t5me, although pressure s1aking losses of all ag, regates were very low which indicated that the dehydration process of all aggro ates wa complete. 11. The NuOH test was able to detect the vari. ation of aggre- gate...

Ahmad, Hafizuddin

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Experimental Evaluation of New Generation Aggregate Image Measurement System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

....................................................................... 90 Fig. 4.10. Half-Normal Plot of the Sphericity of the Light 9.5mm (0.375in) Coarse Aggregate Used in Experiment 5 ..................................................................... 91 Fig. 4.11. Light 4.75mm (ASTM #4 Sieve... of the Angularity of the Dark 1.18 mm (ASTM #16 Sieve) Fine Aggregate Used in Experiment 7 ................................................ 108 Fig. 4.26. Half-Normal Plot of the 2D Form of the Dark 1.18 mm (ASTM #16 Sieve...

Gates, Leslie L.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

240

Single Cell Motion in Aggregates of Embryonic Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the motion of individual pigmented retinal cells in aggregates of neural retinal cells obtained from chicken embryos. Individual cells in aggregates move randomly in the absence of chemical or adhesion gradients: the power spectrum of position and velocity versus time correspond to Brownian motion and the velocities are uncorrelated in time. Thus a quasithermal model of cell migration like the extended Potts model is appropriate. We also measure cell diffusivity and the cell velocity distribution. The results support the idea that collections of embryonic cells behave as liquids with membrane fluctuations playing the role of temperature.

Jos C. M. Mombach and James A. Glazier

1996-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Methods For Evaluating National Energy Savings (Can we do it?)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methods For Evaluating National Energy Savings (Can we do it?) Methods For Evaluating National Energy Savings (Can we do it?) Speaker(s): Marvin J. Horowitz Date: August 18, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 This informal workshop will provide a brief overview of the current practices for quantifying the total, net, aggregate, long-term energy savings from publicly-funded energy efficiency programs at the national and state levels (including proposals in the EU). It will conclude with a discussion of alternative methodologies that have the potential to add credibility to the energy efficiency movement. The preliminary agenda for the 30 minute presentation is as follows: Overview of current efforts in the US and EU Key features of existing program impact evaluations Emerging methodologiesy for evaluating "deep savings" For more information about

242

Energy use and carbon emissions: Non-OECD countries  

SciTech Connect

This report surveys world energy use and carbon emissions patterns, with particular emphasis on the non-OECD countries. The non OECD is important not only because it currently makes up 84% of world population, but because its energy consumption, carbon emissions, population, and grow domestic product have all been growing faster than OECD`s. This presentation has seven major sections: (1) overview of key trends in non-OECD energy use and carbon emissions since 1970; (2) Comparison and contrasting energy use and carbon emissions for five major non OEDC regions (former Soviet Union and eastern Europe, Pacific Rim including China, Latin America, other Asia; Africa; 3-7) presentation of aggregate and sectoral energy use and carbon emissions data for countries within each of the 5 regions.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Energy Disaggregation via Discriminative Sparse Coding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,ang}@cs.stanford.edu Abstract Energy disaggregation is the task of taking a whole-home energy signal and sep- arating fuels [28]; without any effort to curb energy consumption or use different sources of energy, most], involves taking an aggregated energy signal, for example the total power consumption of a house as read

Ng, Andrew Y.

244

A Comprehensive System of Energy Intensity Indicators for the U.S.: Methods, Data and Key Trends  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a comprehensive system of energy intensity indicators for the United States that has been developed for the Department of Energys Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) over the past decade. This system of indicators is hierarchical in nature, beginning with detailed indexes of energy intensity for various sectors of the economy, which are ultimately aggregated to an overall energy intensity index for the economy as a whole. The aggregation of energy intensity indexes to higher levels in the hierarchy is performed with a version of the Log Mean Divisia Index (LMDI) method. Based upon the data and methods in the system of indicators, the economy-wide energy intensity index shows a decline of about 14% in 2010 relative to a 1985 base year. Discussion of energy intensity indicators for each of the broad end-use sectors of the economyresidential, commercial, industrial, and transportationis presented in the report. An analysis of recent changes in the efficiency of electricity generation in the U.S. is also included. A detailed appendix describes the data sources and methodology behind the energy intensity indicators for each sector.

Belzer, David B.

2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

245

NASA/TM-1998-208419 Buckets: Aggregative, Intelligent Agents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 1998 NASA/TM-1998-208419 Buckets: Aggregative, Intelligent Agents for Publishing Michael L Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia #12;The NASA STI Program Office ... in Profile Since its founding, NASA has been dedicated to the advancement of aeronautics and space science. The NASA Scientific

Nelson, Michael L.

246

Private Top-Aggregation Protocols Myungsun Kim1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- items, data privacy, user privacy 1 Introduction Privacy has become a big concern in many applications jhcheon@snu.ac.kr 4 Department of Electrical Engineering Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology yongdaek@ee.kaist.ac.kr Abstract. In this paper, we revisit the private top- data aggregation

247

Finding Aggregate Proximity Relationships and Commonalities in Spatial Data Mining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finding Aggregate Proximity Relationships and Commonalities in Spatial Data Mining Edwin M. Knorr interested in mining spatial data. Due to the ever­growing uses of spatial systems such as GIS's, there are already huge amounts of spatial data accumulated, presenting ample opportunities for data analysis

Knorr, Edwin M.

248

Secure Aggregation for Wireless Networks Lingxuan Hu David Evans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. To conserve power, intermediate network nodes should aggregate results from individual sensors. However nodes within the network and use them to transmit false messages. Further, an adversary may compromise of the messages themselves to be unnecessary and focus only on the integrity of the results transmitted

Evans, David

249

Using Aggregate Human Genome Data for Individual Identification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Aggregate Human Genome Data for Individual Identification Yue Wang, Xintao Wu, Xinghua Shi. For example, 1000 genome project [2] provides the public with free services like browsing and downloading DNA,x.shi}@uncc.edu Abstract--Data privacy in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) is a critical yet under-exploited research

Wu, Xintao

250

A Wily Recruiter in the Battle Against Toxic ? Amyloid Aggregation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...recruiter in the battle against toxic beta amyloid aggregation. | Comment News | 0 Amyloid beta-Peptides 0 Ligands 0 Piperidines 0 SLF-CR compound 573-58-0 Congo Red EC 5.2.1.- Tacrolimus Binding Proteins | Amyloid beta-Peptides chemistry metabolism...

Ingrid Wickelgren

2004-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

251

Twitinfo: aggregating and visualizing microblogs for event exploration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microblogs are a tremendous repository of user-generated content about world events. However, for people trying to understand events by querying services like Twitter, a chronological log of posts makes it very difficult to get a detailed understanding ... Keywords: twitter visualization streaming aggregate sentiment

Adam Marcus; Michael S. Bernstein; Osama Badar; David R. Karger; Samuel Madden; Robert C. Miller

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Vacancy Chains Provide Aggregate Benefits To Coenobita clypeatus Hermit Crabs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vacancy Chains Provide Aggregate Benefits To Coenobita clypeatus Hermit Crabs Sara M. Lewis-dwelling clownfish and cavity-nesting birds. Vacancy chain theory was developed in social sci- ence research to describe how vacancies involving discrete, reusable resources such as apartments or jobs will propagate

Lewis, Sara

253

Effects of internal mixing and aggregate morphology on optical properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 Authors Scarnato, Barbara V., Sanaz Vahidinia, D. T. Richard, and Thomas W. Kirchstetter Journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Volume 13 Start Page 5089 Issue 10 Pagination 5089 - 5101 Date Published 05/2013 Abstract According to recent studies, internal mixing of black carbon (BC) with other aerosol materials in the atmosphere alters its aggregate shape, absorption of solar radiation, and radiative forcing. These mixing state effects are not yet fully understood. In this study, we characterize the morphology and mixing state of bare BC and BC internally mixed with sodium chloride (NaCl) using electron microscopy and examine the sensitivity of optical properties to BC mixing state and aggregate morphology using a discrete dipole approximation model (DDSCAT). DDSCAT is flexible in simulating the geometry and refractive index of particle aggregates. DDSCAT predicts a higher mass absorption coefficient (MAC), lower single scattering albedo (SSA), and higher absorption Angstrom exponent (AAE) for bare BC aggregates that are lacy rather than compact. Predicted values of SSA at 550 nm range between 0.16 and 0.27 for lacy and compact aggregates, respectively, in agreement with reported experimental values of 0.25 ± 0.05. The variation in absorption with wavelength does not adhere precisely to a power law relationship over the 200 to 1000 nm range. Consequently, AAE values depend on the wavelength region over which they are computed. The MAC of BC (averaged over the 200-1000 nm range) is amplified when internally mixed with NaCl (100-300 nm in radius) by factors ranging from 1.0 for lacy BC aggregates partially immersed in NaCl to 2.2 for compact BC aggregates fully immersed in NaCl. The SSA of BC internally mixed with NaCl is higher than for bare BC and increases with the embedding in the NaCl. Internally mixed BC SSA values decrease in the 200-400 nm wavelength range, a feature also common to the optical properties of dust and organics. Linear polarization features are also predicted in DDSCAT and are dependent on particle size and morphology.

254

Dipole Relaxation, Aggregation, and X-Ray Effects in KCl Doped with Eu++, Yb++, or Sm++  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The behavior of impurity-vacancy (I-V) dipoles has been studied in KCl single crystals doped with Eu++, Yb++, or Sm++, using the ionic-thermocurrents technique. The activation energies and frequency factors for dipole relaxation have been determined. The aggregation of these dipoles in KCl: Eu++ follows third-order kinetics in the temperature range 295-323 K, and their decay rate is comparable to that of KCl: Sr++. The activation energy and frequency factor for the formation of trimers have also been determined. It has proved possible to destroy these rare-earth I-V dipolar systems by irradiation with x rays, and to recover them on subsequent heating or irradiation with a Xe-Hg lamp. This process is postulated to take place through charge conversion of the I-V dipole constituents.

S. Unger and M. M. Perlman

1972-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Information regarding previous INCITE awards including selected highlights  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Information regarding previous INCITE awards including selected highlights Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Facilities Accessing ASCR Supercomputers Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) Research & Evaluation Prototypes (REP) Innovative & Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) ASCR Leadership Computing Challenge (ALCC) Science Highlights Benefits of ASCR Funding Opportunities Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) News & Resources Contact Information Advanced Scientific Computing Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-21/Germantown Building

256

Two-Factor Model of Soil Suction from Capillarity, Shrinkage, Adsorbed Film, and Intra-aggregate Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this work is to derive the soil water retention from the soil structure without curve-fitting and only using the physical parameters found irrespective of an experimental retention curve. Two key points underlie the work: (i) the soil suction at drying coincides with that of the soil intra-aggregate matrix and contributive clay; and (ii) both the soil suction and volume shrinkage at drying depend on the same soil water content. In addition the two following results are used: (i) the available two-factor (capillarity and shrinkage) model of clay suction enables one to connect a clay suction and clay water content using the clay matrix structure; and (ii) the recent reference shrinkage curve model based on the concepts of intra-aggregate soil structure permits one to connect the soil water content at shrinkage with the water content of the contributive clay. With that the available two-factor model was essentially modified and, in particular, the effect of adsorbed water film was taken into account. The developed model includes the following input parameters: the solid density, relative volume of contributive-clay solids, relative volume of contributive clay in the oven-dried state, soil clay content, aggregate/intra-aggregate mass ratio, and specific volume of lacunar pores in the aggregates at maximum swelling. The validation of the model is based on available data of water retention and the above input parameters for six soils. A promising agreement between the predicted and observed water retention curves was found.

V. Y. Chertkov

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

257

Nonlinear Analysis and Dynamic Structure in the Energy Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research assesses the dynamic structure of the energy sector of the aggregate economy in the context of nonlinear mechanisms. Earlier studies have focused mainly on the price of the energy products when detecting nonlinearities in time series...

Aghababa, Hajar

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

258

Comparative Analysis of Modeling Studies on China's Future Energy and Emissions Outlook  

SciTech Connect

The past decade has seen the development of various scenarios describing long-term patterns of future Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, with each new approach adding insights to our understanding of the changing dynamics of energy consumption and aggregate future energy trends. With the recent growing focus on China's energy use and emission mitigation potential, a range of Chinese outlook models have been developed across different institutions including in China's Energy Research Institute's 2050 China Energy and CO2 Emissions Report, McKinsey & Co's China's Green Revolution report, the UK Sussex Energy Group and Tyndall Centre's China's Energy Transition report, and the China-specific section of the IEA World Energy Outlook 2009. At the same time, the China Energy Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) has developed a bottom-up, end-use energy model for China with scenario analysis of energy and emission pathways out to 2050. A robust and credible energy and emission model will play a key role in informing policymakers by assessing efficiency policy impacts and understanding the dynamics of future energy consumption and energy saving and emission reduction potential. This is especially true for developing countries such as China, where uncertainties are greater while the economy continues to undergo rapid growth and industrialization. A slightly different assumption or storyline could result in significant discrepancies among different model results. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the key models in terms of their scope, methodologies, key driver assumptions and the associated findings. A comparative analysis of LBNL's energy end-use model scenarios with the five above studies was thus conducted to examine similarities and divergences in methodologies, scenario storylines, macroeconomic drivers and assumptions as well as aggregate energy and emission scenario results. Besides directly tracing different energy and CO{sub 2} savings potential back to the underlying strategies and combination of efficiency and abatement policy instruments represented by each scenario, this analysis also had other important but often overlooked findings.

Zheng, Nina; Zhou, Nan; Fridley, David

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Roughening due to edge diffusion for irreversible aggregation C. Ratsch,1,2,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Roughening due to edge diffusion for irreversible aggregation C. Ratsch,1,2, * M. C. Wheeler,2 for epitaxial growth enhances surface roughening for a model of irreversible aggregation. The reason

Ratsch, Christian

260

Real-time push middleware and mobile application for electric vehicle smart charging and aggregation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a real-time push middleware and mobile application for data and multimedia content delivery to enable electric vehicle smart charging and aggregation. Intelligent aggregation and charge scheduling software can leverage the battery ...

Siddhartha Mal; Rajit Gadh

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Aggregation of ?-crystallins associated with human cataracts via domain swapping at the C-terminal ?-strands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The prevalent eye disease age-onset cataract is associated with aggregation of human ?D-crystallins, one of the longest-lived proteins. Identification of the ?-crystallin precursors to aggregates is crucial for developing ...

Das, Payel

262

Analysis of aggregate imaging system (AIMS) measurements and their relationship to asphalt pavement skid resistance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

texture index and variability in texture within an aggregate source is proposed instead of the British Polish Value (BPV) for classifying aggregates used in pavement surfaces. The second part of the thesis investigates the relationship between shape...

Luce, Anthony David

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

263

Influence of coarse aggregate size, shape and surface texture on rutting of hot mix asphalt concrete  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objectives of this study were to: 1 ) Evaluate the influence of coarse aggregate shape and surface texture on deformation characteristics of asphalt concrete, 2) Characterize aggregate elongation, shape and texture using fractal dimensional...

Yeggoni, Mohan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

264

Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Federal, State, local, and foreign governments, EIA survey respondents, and the media. For further information, and for answers to questions on energy statistics, please...

265

Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Energy Energy Express Licensing Accelerator-Driven Transmutation Of Spent Fuel Elements Express Licensing Acid-catalyzed dehydrogenation of amine-boranes Express Licensing Air Breathing Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Express Licensing Aligned Crystalline Semiconducting Film On A Glass Substrate And Method Of Making Express Licensing Anion-Conducting Polymer, Composition, And Membrane Express Licensing Apparatus for Producing Voltage and Current Pulses Express Licensing Biaxially oriented film on flexible polymeric substrate Express Licensing Corrosion Test Cell For Bipolar Plates Express Licensing Device for hydrogen separation and method Negotiable Licensing Durable Fuel Cell Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) Express Licensing Energy Efficient Synthesis Of Boranes Express Licensing

266

Intertemporally non?separable monetary?asset risk adjustment and aggregation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of monetary assets, and originated the Divisia monetary aggregates to track the theorys quantity and price aggregator functions nonparametrically. The monetary aggregation theory was extended to risk by Barnett (1995) and Barnett, Hinich, and Yue (2000...). In producing the Divisia index approximations to the theorys aggregator functions under risk, Barnett, Liu, and Jensen (1997) and Barnett and Liu (2000) showed that a risk adjustment term should be added to the certainty-equivalent user cost in a...

Barnett, William A.; Wu, Shu

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Senior Professional (SL/ST) Performance Cycle- Aggregate Results FY 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The memorandum releases the FY 2013 aggregate results for DOE's Senior Professional members and provides a summary of past results.

268

The National Energy Modeling System: An Overview 2000 - Industrial Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

industrial demand module (IDM) forecasts energy consumption for fuels and feedstocks for nine manufacturing industries and six nonmanufactur- ing industries, subject to delivered prices of energy and macroeconomic variables representing the value of output for each industry. The module includes industrial cogeneration of electricity that is either used in the industrial sector or sold to the electricity grid. The IDM structure is shown in Figure 7. industrial demand module (IDM) forecasts energy consumption for fuels and feedstocks for nine manufacturing industries and six nonmanufactur- ing industries, subject to delivered prices of energy and macroeconomic variables representing the value of output for each industry. The module includes industrial cogeneration of electricity that is either used in the industrial sector or sold to the electricity grid. The IDM structure is shown in Figure 7. Figure 7. Industrial Demand Module Structure Industrial energy demand is projected as a combination of “bottom up” characterizations of the energy-using technology and “top down” econometric estimates of behavior. The influence of energy prices on industrial energy consumption is modeled in terms of the efficiency of use of existing capital, the efficiency of new capital acquisitions, and the mix of fuels utilized, given existing capital stocks. Energy conservation from technological change is represented over time by trend-based “technology possibility curves.” These curves represent the aggregate efficiency of all new technologies that are likely to penetrate the future markets as well as the aggregate improvement in efficiency of 1994 technology.

269

Eagle County, Colorado | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Smart is working with local utility providers to find aggregated data that reflect total energy usage and intensity by home type. The program is using this information to select...

270

Net Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Net Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline) Period 2000 2001 (2) 2002 2003 2004 "gross" to "net" , was deemed impractical. (5) This report replaces the Gross Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline) report which will not be produced after December 2002. (6) The November 2007

271

Development of experimental methods for the evaluation of aggregate resistance to polishing, abrasion, and breakage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experiment...................................................54 4.2 Aggregate Texture, Before and After Micro-Deval................................................60 4.3 Ranking of the Aggregates Using Three Different Criteria... aggregate resistance to polishing, abrasion, and breakage. ? Chapter III discusses the analysis of variability in AIMS and Micro-Deval measurements. Measurements were conducted at the Texas Transportation Institute (TTI) and Texas Department...

Mahmoud, Enad Muhib

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

272

Synchrotron 3D microtomography of halite aggregates during experimental pressure solution creep and evolution of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Synchrotron 3D microtomography of halite aggregates during experimental pressure solution creep of the porous network of halite aggregates was imaged during compaction driven by pressure solution creep using. For these purposes, 3D X-ray microtomography (µCT) was successfully applied for visualizing several halite aggregate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

273

A Generate-Test-Aggregate parallel programming library for systematic parallel programming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Generate-Test-Aggregate (GTA for short) algorithm is modeled following a simple and straightforward programming pattern, for combinatorial problems. First, generate all candidates; second, test and filter out invalid ones; finally, aggregate valid ... Keywords: Functional programming, Generate-Test-Aggregate algorithm, High-level parallel programming, MapReduce, Program calculation, Program transformation

Yu Liu; Kento Emoto; Zhenjiang Hu

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

1 INTRODUCTION Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) and Alkali-Aggregate Reaction (AAR) are both internal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 INTRODUCTION Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) and Alkali-Aggregate Reaction (AAR) are both to produce potentially expansive ettringite in the set concrete. AAR may affect concretes cast with aggregate combined delayed ettringite formation and alkali aggregate reaction R.-P. Martin, J.-C. Renaud & F

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

275

Statistical characterization of aggregated wind power from small clusters of generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper we address the problem of aggregating wind power. The purpose of the methodology presented here is to avoid the assumption of extreme values of correlation, meaning perfect dependence or perfect independence of the production. That is, we accept intermediate values of correlation, which we argue is of special interest for small-scale siting analysis, where the fluctuations of wind power production affect the capacity value or the size of energy storage. We provide a formulation that is based on the integration of the joint probability density function (PDF) of the wind power. We formulate this PDF by means of copula theory in order to cope with the involved representation of the marginal PDFs. As a result, we characterize the PDF of the aggregated wind power and the associated duration curve. We also present a simple formulation of the joint forced outage rate. These serves us for verifying, through a case analysis based on NREL datasets, that in some cases the assumption of extreme dependence in small-scale sites does not hold.

Guzmn Daz; Javier Gmez-Aleixandre; Jos Coto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2001 - Household Expenditures  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Completed Copy in PDF Format Completed Copy in PDF Format Related Links Annual Energy Outlook2001 Supplemental Data to the AEO2001 NEMS Conference To Forecasting Home Page EIA Homepage Household Expenditures Module Key Assumptions The historical input data used to develop the HEM version for the AEO2001 consists of recent household survey responses, aggregated to the desired level of detail. Two surveys performed by the Energy Information Administration are included in the AEO2001 HEM database, and together these input data are used to develop a set of baseline household consumption profiles for the direct fuel expenditure analysis. These surveys are the 1997 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) and the 1991 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS). HEM uses the consumption forecast by NEMS for the residential and

277

Renewable Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Learn how the Energy Department's investments in clean, renewable energy technologies -- including wind, solar and geothermal sources -- are helping strengthen the American economy.

278

Organic thin film prehistory: looking towards solution phase aggregation |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organic thin film prehistory: looking towards solution phase aggregation Organic thin film prehistory: looking towards solution phase aggregation Wednesday, November 6, 2013 - 3:00pm SLAC, Redtail Hawk Conference Room 108A Christopher Tassone, SSRL Polymer bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells have attracted significant attention in industry and academia because of their potential for achieving large-area, light-weight, and flexible photovoltaic devices through cost-effective solution deposition techniques. These devices consist of a blend of an absorbing polymer and an electron accepting fullerene, the molecular packing and phase segregation of which heavily influence power conversion efficiency by effecting important processes such as exciton splitting, charge transport, and recombination. Understanding and utilization of molecular interactions to predicatively control the

279

A General Relationship between Disorder, Aggregation, and Charge Transport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A General Relationship between Disorder, Aggregation, and Charge Transport A General Relationship between Disorder, Aggregation, and Charge Transport in Conjugated Polymers Monday, September 23, 2013 The potential for combining low-cost manufacturing and mechanical robustness with engineering of specific opto-electronic properties has recently spurred great interest in semiconducting polymers. Consequently, devices based on organic semiconductors have reached significant milestones such as ~10% solar power conversion efficiencies as well as electron and hole mobilities exceeding 1 cm2/Vs. Conjugated polymer chains have many degrees of conformational freedom and interact weakly with each other, resulting in complex microstructures in the solid state. Understanding charge transport in such systems, which have both amorphous and ordered

280

Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry Imaging of Dictyostelium discoideum Aggregation Streams  

SciTech Connect

High resolution imaging mass spectrometry could become a valuable tool for cell and developmental biology, but both, high spatial and mass spectral resolution are needed to enable this. In this report, we employed Bi3 bombardment time-of-flight (Bi3 ToF-SIMS) and C60 bombardment Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance secondary ion mass spectrometry (C60 FTICR-SIMS) to image Dictyostelium discoideum aggregation streams. Nearly 300 lipid species were identified from the aggregation streams. High resolution mass spectrometry imaging (FTICR-SIMS) enabled the generation of multiple molecular ion maps at the nominal mass level and provided good coverage for fatty acyls, prenol lipids, and sterol lipids. The comparison of Bi3 ToF-SIMS and C60 FTICR-SIMS suggested that while the first provides fast, high spatial resolution molecular ion images, the chemical complexity of biological samples warrants the use of high resolution analyzers for accurate ion identification.

Debord, J. Daniel; Smith, Donald F.; Anderton, Christopher R.; Heeren, Ronald M.; Pasa-Tolic, Ljiljana; Gomer, Richard H.; Fernandez-Lima, Francisco A.

2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

A new model for neutron reflectometry of adsorbed surfactant aggregates  

SciTech Connect

A new interpretation of neutron reflectivity data for surfactants adsorbed on hydrophilic solid surfaces has been developed. Motivated by recent atomic force microscopy results, a model of the adsorbed layer is constructed based upon an adsorbed layer consisting of discrete, micelle-like surfactant aggregates of well-defined geometries. Scattering length density profiles and reflectivity curves are calculated for conventional, laterally unstructured adsorbed layers (a bilayer), as well as for cylindrical and spherical surfactant aggregates adsorbed on a hydrophilic surface. It is shown that treating such structured surfactant films as bilayers often results in a good fit to neutron reflectivity data, but that fit parameters lead one to underestimate the film thickness and overestimate the fractional surface coverage by the adsorbed film.

Schulz, J.C.; Warr, G.G.; Hamilton, W.A.; Butler, P.D.

1999-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

282

Gas storage materials, including hydrogen storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A material for the storage and release of gases comprises a plurality of hollow elements, each hollow element comprising a porous wall enclosing an interior cavity, the interior cavity including structures of a solid-state storage material. In particular examples, the storage material is a hydrogen storage material, such as a solid state hydride. An improved method for forming such materials includes the solution diffusion of a storage material solution through a porous wall of a hollow element into an interior cavity.

Mohtadi, Rana F; Wicks, George G; Heung, Leung K; Nakamura, Kenji

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

283

Writing Motor Specifications - How to Include Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The present worth values used recognize that the in-service dates may start several years after the tender evaluation period. The energy costs used are a composite value based on the forecast mix of gene~a? tion facilities, i.e. hydro, fossil and nuclear.... The present worth values used recognize that the in-service dates may start several years after the tender evaluation period. The energy costs used are a composite value based on the forecast mix of gene~a? tion facilities, i.e. hydro, fossil and nuclear...

Quartermaine, B. J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Essays on Real Exchange Rates and Theoretical Monetary Aggregation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Philosophy Committee members William A. Barnett, Chairperson Shu Wu John Keating Jianbo Zhang Yaozhong Hu Date defended: April 1, 2014 The Dissertation Committee for Mingming Zheng certifies that this is the approved version of the following dissertation...Essays on Real Exchange Rates and Theoretical Monetary Aggregation By Mingming Zheng Submitted to the Department of Economics and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor...

Zheng, Mingming

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

285

PRODUCTION OF CONSTRUCTION AGGREGATES FROM FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION SLUDGE  

SciTech Connect

Through a cooperative agreement with DOE, the Research and Development Department of CONSOL Inc. (CONSOL R and D) is teaming with SynAggs, Inc. and Duquesne Light to design, construct, and operate a 500 lb/h continuous pilot plant to produce road construction aggregate from a mixture of wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) sludge, fly ash, and other components. The proposed project is divided into six tasks: (1) Project Management; (2) Mix Design Evaluation; (3) Process Design; (4) Construction; (5) Start-Up and Operation; and (6) Reporting. In this quarter, Tasks 1 and 2 were completed. A project management plan (Task 1) was issued to DOE on October 22, 1998 . The mix design evaluation (Task 2) with Duquesne Light Elrama Station FGD sludge and Allegheny Power Hatfields Ferry Station fly ash was completed. Eight semi-continuous bench-scale tests were conducted to examine the effects of mix formulation on aggregate properties. A suitable mix formulation was identified to produce aggregates that meet specifications of the American Association of State High Transport Officials (AASHTO) as Class A aggregate for use in highway construction. The mix formulation was used in designing the flow sheet of the pilot plant. The process design (Task 3) is approximately 80% completed. Equipment was evaluated to comply with design requirements. The design for the curing vessel was completed by an outside engineering firm. All major equipment items for the pilot plant, except the curing vessel, were ordered. Pilot plant construction (Task 4) was begun in October. The Hazardous Substance Plan was issued to DOE. The Allegheny County (PA) Heat Department determined that an air emission permit is not required for operation of the pilot plant.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Utilization of Illinois slags for the production of ultra-lightweight aggregates  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this program is to demonstrate that solid residues (slag) from the gasification of Illinois coals can be utilized to manufacture ultra-lightweight aggregates (ULWA). Conventional ULWAs are made by pyroprocessing perlite ores and have unit weights in the range of 3--15 lb/ft[sup 3]. In a previous project, Praxis Engineers demonstrated at the pilot scale that lightweight aggregates with unit weights of 40--55 lb/ ft[sup 3] can be produced from Illinois coal slags, which is suitable for making lightweight cement concrete and precast blocks. These tests also indicated that a product with a unit weight of less than 25 lb/ft[sup 3] could be produced from slag. This project is aimed at testing the potential for producing ULWA from Illinois coal slags. Target applications include loose fill insulation, insulating concrete, lightweight precast products such as concrete blocks and rooftiles, and filtration media. Laboratory- and pilot-scale testing is being conducted in Phase I to identify operating conditions for the expansion of Illinois slags to produce ULWA. Following this, a large batch of expanded slag will be produced, for evaluation in various applications in Phase II.

Choudhry, V. (Praxis Engineers, Inc., Milpitas, CA (United States)); Zimmerle, T. (Silbrico Corporation (United States)); Banerjee, D.D. (Illinois Clean Coal Inst., Carterville, IL (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Zero Energy Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy 2005). Primary energy consumption includes a site-and cooling primary energy consumption for residential andinto estimates of primary energy consumption. Third, we used

Arasteh, Dariush; Selkowitz, Steve; Apte, Josh; LaFrance, Marc

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Land Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on harnessing biomass. Activities include wood-pellet production, biomass-combined heat and power and forestry and energy-crop development. References: Land Energy1 This...

289

Production of aggregate from non-metallic automotive shredder residues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the results of an experimentation on the production of granules suitable to be used as aggregates in cementitious or asphalt mixes are presented and discussed. The granules were obtained by granulating the non-metallic fraction of automotive shredder residues. In a preliminary separation step the fluff fraction containing mainly inert and non-metallic materials was sieved and analyzed for the metal content. In the following granulation step, the sieved fraction was mixed with binding materials, fly ash and a densifier agent, to produce granules of 530mm of diameter and up to 1400kg/m3 of specific weight. The granulation was carried out at room temperature in a rotating tank. Concrete samples prepared using as aggregates the produced granules showed a specific weight up to 1800kg/m3 and a compressive strength up to about 55% of reference samples prepared using a calcareous aggregate, depending on the fluff content of the mixes, and on the nature of the binder and of the other components used.

Vito Alunno Rossetti; Luca Di Palma; Franco Medici

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Healthcare Energy Efficiency Research and Development  

SciTech Connect

Hospitals are known to be among the most energy intensive commercial buildings in California. Estimates of energy end-uses (e.g. for heating, cooling, lighting, etc.) in hospitals are uncertain for lack of information about hospital-specific mechanical system operations and process loads. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory developed and demonstrated a benchmarking system designed specifically for hospitals. Version 1.0 featured metrics to assess energy performance for the broad variety of ventilation and thermal systems that are present in California hospitals. It required moderate to extensive sub-metering or supplemental monitoring. In this new project, we developed a companion handbook with detailed equations that can be used toconvert data from energy and other sensors that may be added to or already part of hospital heating, ventilation and cooling systems into metrics described in the benchmarking document.This report additionally includes a case study and guidance on including metering into designs for new hospitals, renovations and retrofits. Despite widespread concern that this end-use is large and growing, there is limited reliable information about energy use by distributed medical equipment and other miscellaneouselectrical loads in hospitals. This report proposes a framework for quantifying aggregate energy use of medical equipment and miscellaneous loads. Novel approaches are suggested and tried in an attempt to obtain data to support this framework.

Black, Douglas R.; Lai, Judy; Lanzisera, Steven M; Parrish, Kristen D.; Singer, Brett C.

2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

291

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

01 - 16410 of 28,560 results. 01 - 16410 of 28,560 results. Page Guidance on Reading the Scorecard The Site-level Regulatory Scorecard comprises three interrelated tables: (i) an aggregate red-yellow-green site summary, (ii) detailed text on notices of violation and associated penalties and... http://energy.gov/em/guidance-reading-scorecard Download CX-008676: Categorical Exclusion Determination Four AT&T Wireless Communication Site Upgrades CX(s) Applied: B1.7, B1.19 Date: 07/27/2012 Location(s): Washington, Washington, Washington, Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-008676-categorical-exclusion-determination Article Technical Reports A wide range of resources addressing the many benefits of combined heat and power (CHP) is available, including the technical reports below. For

292

Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers April 24, 2013 - 4:37pm Addthis Joining Director Dot Harris (second from left) were Marlene Kaplan, the Deputy Director of Education and director of EPP, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Claudia Rankins, a Program Officer with the National Science Foundation and Jim Stith, the past Vice-President of the American Institute of Physics Resources. Joining Director Dot Harris (second from left) were Marlene Kaplan, the Deputy Director of Education and director of EPP, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Claudia Rankins, a Program Officer with the National Science Foundation and Jim Stith, the past Vice-President of the

293

Scramjet including integrated inlet and combustor  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a scramjet engine. It comprises: a first surface including an aft facing step; a cowl including: a leading edge and a trailing edge; an upper surface and a lower surface extending between the leading edge and the trailing edge; the cowl upper surface being spaced from and generally parallel to the first surface to define an integrated inlet-combustor therebetween having an inlet for receiving and channeling into the inlet-combustor supersonic inlet airflow; means for injecting fuel into the inlet-combustor at the step for mixing with the supersonic inlet airflow for generating supersonic combustion gases; and further including a spaced pari of sidewalls extending between the first surface to the cowl upper surface and wherein the integrated inlet-combustor is generally rectangular and defined by the sidewall pair, the first surface and the cowl upper surface.

Kutschenreuter, P.H. Jr.; Blanton, J.C.

1992-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

294

Alteration of alkali reactive aggregates autoclaved in different alkali solutions and application to alkali-aggregate reaction in concrete  

SciTech Connect

Surface alteration of typical aggregates with alkali-silica reactivity and alkali-carbonate reactivity, i.e. Spratt limestone (SL) and Pittsburg dolomitic limestone (PL), were studied by XRD and SEM/EDS after autoclaving in KOH, NaOH and LiOH solutions at 150 deg. C for 150 h. The results indicate that: (1) NaOH shows the strongest attack on both ASR and ACR aggregates, the weakest attack is with LiOH. For both aggregates autoclaved in different alkali media, the crystalline degree, morphology and distribution of products are quite different. More crystalline products are formed on rock surfaces in KOH than that in NaOH solution, while almost no amorphous product is formed in LiOH solution; (2) in addition to dedolomitization of PL in KOH, NaOH and LiOH solutions, cryptocrystalline quartz in PL involves in reaction with alkaline solution and forms typical alkali-silica product in NaOH and KOH solutions, but forms lithium silicate (Li{sub 2}SiO{sub 3}) in LiOH solution; (3) in addition to massive alkali-silica product formed in SL autoclaved in different alkaline solutions, a small amount of dolomite existing in SL may simultaneously dedolomitize and possibly contribute to expansion; (4) it is promising to use the duplex effect of LiOH on ASR and ACR to distinguish the alkali-silica reactivity and alkali-carbonate reactivity of aggregate when both ASR and ACR might coexist.

Lu Duyou [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210009 (China) and ICON/CANMET, Natural Resources Canada, 405 Rochester Street, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0G1 (Canada)]. E-mail: duyoulu@njut.edu.cn; Mei Laibao [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210009 (China); Xu Zhongzi [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210009 (China); Tang Mingshu [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210009 (China); Fournier, Benoit [ICON/CANMET, Natural Resources Canada, 405 Rochester Street, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0G1 (Canada)

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

295

Transmission line including support means with barriers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas insulated transmission line includes an elongated outer sheath, a plurality of inner conductors disposed within and extending along the outer sheath, and an insulating gas which electrically insulates the inner conductors from the outer sheath. A support insulator insulatably supports the inner conductors within the outer sheath, with the support insulator comprising a main body portion including a plurality of legs extending to the outer sheath, and barrier portions which extend between the legs. The barrier portions have openings therein adjacent the main body portion through which the inner conductors extend.

Cookson, Alan H. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Energy  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

..) ".. ..) ".. _,; ,' . ' , ,; Depar?.me.nt ,of.' Energy Washington; DC 20585 : . ' , - $$ o"\ ' ~' ,' DEC ?;$ ;y4,,, ~ ' .~ The Honorable John Kalwitz , 200 E. Wells Street Milwaukee, W~isconsin 53202, . . i :. Dear,Mayor 'Kalwitz: " . " Secretary of Energy Hazel' O'Leary has announceha new,approach 'to,openness in " the Department of Ene~rgy (DOE) and its communications with'the public. In -. support of~this initiative, we areipleased to forward the enclosed information related to the Milwaukee Ai.rport site in your jurisdiction that performed work, for DOE orits predecessor agencies. information; use, and retention. ., This information .is provided for your '/ ,' DOE's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial:'Action~'Prog&is responsible for ,"'

297

EE Regional Technology Roadmap Includes comparison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EE Regional Technology Roadmap Includes comparison against 6th Power Plan (Update cyclically Roadmap with a strong linkage to utility programs Scan for Technologies 1. How does it address the NW Data Clearinghouse BPA/RTF NEEA/Regional Programs Group Update Regional EE Technology Roadmap Lighting

298

Video Topics Include Freshman Inquiry Course  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Video Topics Include Freshman Inquiry Course Open Advisement/ Group Advisement Dinning Campus: End of Spring 2012, Commencement May 18: Grades available on MAX after 4:30pm AdvisementYouTubeVideoSeries I N S I D E T H I S I S S U E : YouTube Video Series 1 Mark Your Calendar 1 Exploring Major Tips 2

Hardy, Christopher R.

299

Including Ocean Model Uncertainties in Climate Predictions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Including Ocean Model Uncertainties in Climate Predictions Chris Brierley, Alan Thorpe, Mat Collins's to perform the integrations Currently uses a `slab' ocean #12;An Ocean Model Required to accurately model transient behaviour Will have its own uncertainties Requires even more computing power Create new models

Jones, Peter JS

300

Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the problem of dark energy, including a survey of theoretical models and some aspects of numerical studies.

Miao Li; Xiao-Dong Li; Shuang Wang; Yi Wang

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Any energy system includes at least two essential entities, namely, energy generators and energy consumers. Each of these elements has its associated characteristics, and it is not necessary that at all times ...

?brahim Diner; Calin Zamfirescu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Distributed Energy | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Distributed Distributed Energy Distributed Energy Distributed energy consists of a range of smaller-scale and modular devices designed to provide electricity, and sometimes also thermal energy, in locations close to consumers. They include fossil and renewable energy technologies (e.g., photovoltaic arrays, wind turbines, microturbines, reciprocating engines, fuel cells, combustion turbines, and steam turbines); energy storage devices (e.g., batteries and flywheels); and combined heat and power systems. Distributed energy offers solutions to many of the nation's most pressing energy and electric power problems, including blackouts and brownouts, energy security concerns, power quality issues, tighter emissions standards, transmission bottlenecks, and the desire for greater control over energy costs.

303

Power generation method including membrane separation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for generating electric power, such as at, or close to, natural gas fields. The method includes conditioning natural gas containing C.sub.3+ hydrocarbons and/or acid gas by means of a membrane separation step. This step creates a leaner, sweeter, drier gas, which is then used as combustion fuel to run a turbine, which is in turn used for power generation.

Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Union City, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Completion strategy includes clay and precipitate control  

SciTech Connect

This article describes the conditions which are necessary for a successful oil well completion in the Mississippi and Cherokee zones of South Central Kansas. Topics considered include paraffin precipitation, clay swelling and migration, and iron precipitation. Clays in these zones are sensitive to water-base treating fluids and tend to swell and migrate to the well bore, thereby causing permeability damage. The presence of iron in the Mississippi and Cherokee formations has been indicated by cuttings, core samples, and connate water samples.

Sandy, T.; Gardner, G.R.

1985-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

305

Jet-calculus approach including coherence effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show how integrodifferential equations typical of jet calculus can be combined with an averaging procedure to obtain jet-calculus-based results including the Mueller interference graphs. Results in longitudinal-momentum fraction x for physical quantities are higher at intermediate x and lower at large x than with the conventional incoherent jet calculus. These results resemble those of Marchesini and Webber, who used a Monte Carlo approach based on the same dynamics.

L. M. Jones; R. Migneron; K. S. S. Narayanan

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Modeling and Control of Aggregated Air Conditioning Loads Under Realistic Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Demand-side control is playing an increasingly important role in smart grid control strategies. Modeling the dynamical behavior of a large population of appliances is especially important to evaluate the effectiveness of various load control strategies. In this paper, a high accuracy aggregated model is first developed for a population of HVAC units. The model efficiently includes statistical information of the population, systematically deals with heterogeneity, and accounts for a second-order effect necessary to accurately capture the transient dynamics in the collective response. Furthermore, the model takes into account the lockout effect of the compressor in order to represent the dynamics of the system under control more accurately. Then, a novel closed loop load control strategy is designed to track a desired demand curve and to ensure a stable and smooth response.

Chang, Chin-Yao; Zhang, Wei; Lian, Jianming; Kalsi, Karanjit

2013-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

307

Two-fluid turbulence including electron inertia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a full two-fluid magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) description for a completely ionized hydrogen plasma, retaining the effects of the Hall current, electron pressure and electron inertia. According to this description, each plasma species introduces a new spatial scale: the ion inertial length $\\lambda_{i}$ and the electron inertial length $\\lambda_{e}$, which are not present in the traditional MHD description. In the present paper, we seek for possible changes in the energy power spectrum in fully developed turbulent regimes, using numerical simulations of the two-fluid equations in two-and-a-half dimensions (2.5D). We have been able to reproduce different scaling laws in different spectral ranges, as it has been observed in the solar wind for the magnetic energy spectrum. At the smallest wavenumbers where plain MHD is valid, we obtain an inertial range following a Kolmogorov $k^{-5/3}$ law. For intermediate wavenumbers such that $\\lambda_{i}^{-1} \\lambda_{e}^{-1}$ arises. The power spectrum for magnetic...

Andrs, Nahuel; Martin, Luis; Dmitruk, Pablo; Gmez, Daniel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Mineralogical and chemical assessment of concrete damaged by the oxidation of sulfide-bearing aggregates: Importance of thaumasite formation on reaction mechanisms  

SciTech Connect

Damages in concrete containing sulfide-bearing aggregates were recently observed in the Trois-Rivieres area (Quebec, Canada), characterized by rapid deterioration within 3 to 5 years after construction. A petrographic examination of concrete core samples was carried out using a combination of tools including: stereomicroscopic evaluation, polarized light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and electron microprobe analysis. The aggregate used to produce concrete was an intrusive igneous rock with different metamorphism degrees and various proportions of sulfide minerals. In the rock, sulfide minerals were often surrounded by a thin layer of carbonate minerals (siderite). Secondary reaction products observed in the damaged concrete include 'rust' mineral forms (e.g. ferric oxyhydroxides such as goethite, limonite (FeO (OH) nH{sub 2}O) and ferrihydrite), gypsum, ettringite and thaumasite. In the presence of water and oxygen, pyrrhotite oxidizes to form iron oxyhydroxides and sulphuric acid. The acid then reacts with the phases of the cement paste/aggregate and provokes the formation of sulfate minerals. Understanding both mechanisms, oxidation and internal sulfate attack, is important to be able to duplicate the damaging reaction in laboratory conditions, thus allowing the development of a performance test for evaluating the potential for deleterious expansion in concrete associated with sulfide-bearing aggregates.

Rodrigues, A. [Centre de Recherche sur les Infrastructures en Beton (CRIB), Universite Laval, 1065 ave de la Medecine, Quebec, QC, Canada G1V 0A6 (Canada)] [Centre de Recherche sur les Infrastructures en Beton (CRIB), Universite Laval, 1065 ave de la Medecine, Quebec, QC, Canada G1V 0A6 (Canada); Duchesne, J., E-mail: josee.duchesne@ggl.ulaval.ca [Centre de Recherche sur les Infrastructures en Beton (CRIB), Universite Laval, 1065 ave de la Medecine, Quebec, QC, Canada G1V 0A6 (Canada); Fournier, B. [Centre de Recherche sur les Infrastructures en Beton (CRIB), Universite Laval, 1065 ave de la Medecine, Quebec, QC, Canada G1V 0A6 (Canada)] [Centre de Recherche sur les Infrastructures en Beton (CRIB), Universite Laval, 1065 ave de la Medecine, Quebec, QC, Canada G1V 0A6 (Canada); Durand, B. [Institut de recherche d'Hydro-Quebec (IREQ), 1740 boul. Lionel-Boulet, Varennes, QC, Canada J3X 1S1 (Canada)] [Institut de recherche d'Hydro-Quebec (IREQ), 1740 boul. Lionel-Boulet, Varennes, QC, Canada J3X 1S1 (Canada); Rivard, P. [Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada J1K 2R1 (Canada)] [Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada J1K 2R1 (Canada); Shehata, M. [Ryerson University, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5B 2K3 (Canada)] [Ryerson University, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5B 2K3 (Canada)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

309

Aggregating QECB Allocations and Using QECBs to Support the Private...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

& Intergovernmental Programs Office Home About the Office Weatherization Assistance Program State Energy Program Energy Efficiency & Conservation Block Grant Program...

310

Green Power Network: On-site Renewable Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News News TVA Seeks 126 MW of Renewables in 2014 December 2013 More News More News Subscribe to E-Mail Update Subscribe to e-mail update Events EPA Webinar - The Power of Aggregated Purchasing: How to Green Your Electricity Supply & Save Money January 15, 2014 1:00-2:00 p.m. ET Previous Webinars More News Features Green Power Market Status Report (2011 Data) Featured Green Power Reports On-site Renewable Energy Third-Party Solar Financing For consumers or organizations wishing to install on-site renewable energy systems, there are a variety of options available, including electricity generating systems and thermal systems that can displace electricity or fossil fuel use. Solar photovoltaics convert sunlight directly into electricity. Solar hot water systems use the sun's energy to heat water.

311

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2000 - Household Expenditures  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Key Assumptions Key Assumptions The historical input data used to develop the HEM version for the AEO2000 consists of recent household survey responses, aggregated to the desired level of detail. Two surveys performed by the Energy Information Administration are included in the AEO2000 HEM database, and together these input data are used to develop a set of baseline household consumption profiles for the direct fuel expenditure analysis. These surveys are the 1997 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) and the 1991 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS). HEM uses the consumption forecast by NEMS for the residential and transportation sectors as inputs to the disaggregation algorithm that results in the direct fuel expenditure analysis. Household end-use and personal transportation service consumption are obtained by HEM from the NEMS Residential and Transportation Demand Modules. Household disposable income is adjusted with forecasts of total disposable income from the NEMS Macroeconomic Activity Module.

312

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Source  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Nuclear from Market Trends Nuclear from Market Trends Renewables and natural gas lead rise in primary energy consumption figure data The aggregate fossil fuel share of total energy use falls from 82 percent in 2011 to 78 percent in 2040 in the Reference case, while renewable use grows rapidly (Figure 54). The renewable share of total energy use (including biofuels) grows from 9 percent in 2011 to 13 percent in 2040 in response to the federal renewable fuels standard; availability of federal tax credits for renewable electricity generation and capacity during the early years of the projection; and state renewable portfolio standard (RPS) programs. Natural gas consumption grows by about 0.6 percent per year from 2011 to 2040, led by the increased use of natural gas in electricity generation

313

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Source  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Nuclear from Market Trends Nuclear from Market Trends Renewables and natural gas lead rise in primary energy consumption figure data The aggregate fossil fuel share of total energy use falls from 82 percent in 2011 to 78 percent in 2040 in the Reference case, while renewable use grows rapidly (Figure 54). The renewable share of total energy use (including biofuels) grows from 9 percent in 2011 to 13 percent in 2040 in response to the federal renewable fuels standard; availability of federal tax credits for renewable electricity generation and capacity during the early years of the projection; and state renewable portfolio standard (RPS) programs. Natural gas consumption grows by about 0.6 percent per year from 2011 to 2040, led by the increased use of natural gas in electricity generation

314

EA-1581: Draft Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

81: Draft Environmental Assessment 81: Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1581: Draft Environmental Assessment Sand Hills Wind Energy Facility Albany County, Wyoming WindEnergy, Inc. (SWE or applicant) submitted a request to the U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Rawlins Field Office for a right-of-way (ROW) on BLM-administered lands (Proposed Action). SWE proposes to construct, operate, and maintain the Sand Hills Wind Energy Facility (Facility) in Albany County, Wyoming. The Facility, which would be located approximately 30 miles west of Laramie, would have an aggregate nominal nameplate generating capacity of up to 50 megawatts (MW) of electricity and would include up to 25, 2.0-MW wind turbines.This Environmental Assessment (EA) has been prepared to analyze the

315

Collective institutional entrepreneurship and contestations in wind energy in India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract With 21,136MW of wind energy installed in 2014, India is considered a success story in terms of net installed capacity. Few existing studies on Indian wind energy have highlighted the important role of institutions, and how they stemmed from the work of advocacy groups; studies also tend to focus on short time periods. This paper uses the notion of collective institutional entrepreneurship to analyze Indian wind energy across three time periods (19851995, 19952003, and 20032013). The analysis shows that Indian wind power development was driven by collective efforts of institutional entrepreneurs using two aggregated strategies, that is, supportive techno-economic and socio-political networks and an indigenous innovation infrastructure. The paper highlights setbacks, controversies, and tensions between various entrepreneurship groups and argues that actions must be taken for including actors who have been marginalized.

Suyash Jolly; R.P.J.M. Raven

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

2012 CERTS R&M Peer Review - A Business Model for Retail Aggregation of Responsive Load - Shmuel Oren  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Load Load Control Aggregation Shmuel S. Oren UC Berkeley, California CERTS REVIEW Cornell University, Ithaca NY August 7-8, 2012 PSERC 2 A Smart Grid Vision "Homeostatic Utility Control is an overall concept which tries to maintain an internal equilibrium between supply and demand. Equilibrating forces are obtained over longer time scales (5 minutes and up) by economic principles through an Energy Marketplace using time-varying spot prices. " F.C. Schweppe et al. "HOMEOSTATIC UTILITY CONTROL," IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, Vol. PAS-99, No. 3, May/June 1980 Offered to commercial and industrial customers with load > 500KW

317

A framework for a coarse aggregate classification system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Fookes et al. (17) proposed a classification system for near-shore carbonate sediment rocks in 1975. This system was based on the grain size and "post depositional induration" of rocks. Clarke et aL (17) expanded the system developed by Fookes in 1977..., provision of petrological data is added as supplementary information in this system. This data is recommended to be provided only when a possible alkali-silica reactivity is suspected or to identify any potential problems related to aggregates. Table 2. 7...

Peapully, Srikrishna

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

318

DOE Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions DOE Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions September 30, 2011 - 2:30pm Addthis On September 27, 2011, the Department of Energy (DOE) approved revisions to its National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) regulations, and on September 28th, submitted the revisions to the Federal Register. The final regulations, which become effective 30 days after publication in the Federal Register, are the culmination of a 2-year process to review and update DOE's NEPA implementing procedures. This process involved internal evaluation, public participation, and Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) review. The revisions are designed to focus Departmental resources on projects with the potential for significant environmental impact, to better

319

Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Focus Area: Solar Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.leonardo-energy.org/webinar-introduction-small-scale-photovoltaic- Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/introduction-small-scale-photovoltaic Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Project Development This video teaches the viewer about photovoltaic arrays and RETscreen's photovoltaic module, which can be used to project the cost and production of an array. An example case study was

320

projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million in non-Federal cost sharing) over four years. The overall goal of the research is to develop carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture and separation technologies that can achieve at least 90 percent CO 2 removal at no more than a 35 percent increase in the cost of electricity. The projects, managed by FE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), include: (1) Linde, LLC, which will use a post-combustion capture technology incorporating BASF's novel amine-based process at a 1-megawatt electric (MWe) equivalent slipstream pilot plant at the National Carbon Capture Center (NCCC) (DOE contribution: $15 million); (2) Neumann Systems Group, Inc., which will design, construct, and test a patented NeuStreamTM absorber at the Colorado

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Including Tunneling in Non-BornOppenheimer Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Including Tunneling in Non-BornOppenheimer Simulations ... We note that tunneling may be included in the modeling of electronically nonadiabatic processes by other methods as well, for example, quantal wave packet methods where the wave packet is not restricted to follow a classical trajectory,(18) path integral dynamics,(19-21) and the initial value representation,(22) but these methods will require more development of efficient computational strategies for their practical application to complex systems, whereas the method proposed here has a cost comparable to non-BornOppenheimer (NBO) trajectory calculations that do not include tunneling. ... We also ran BornOppenheimer trajectories with the same total energy on the adiabatic ground state for comparison. ...

Jingjing Zheng; Rubn Meana-Paeda; Donald G. Truhlar

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

322

Energy Efficiency of MapReduceEnergy Efficiency of MapReduce Laura Keys, Yanpei Chen, Randy H. Katz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

job run on Atom cluster used around 2/3 the energy of the R Cluster! Energy Measurement SetupPerformance Metrics · Total energy · Aggregate power · Power per machine · Job duration time WorkloadsWorkloads Real 6000000 Total Energy (J) Sort Nutch Web Crawl Conclusions · Shorter job duration less energy · From Sort

California at Berkeley, University of

323

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY UNIVERSAL AGGREGATES, LLC, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

UNIVERSAL AGGREGATES, LLC, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF UNIVERSAL AGGREGATES, LLC, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC26-02NT41421; W(A)-02-049, CH-1108 The Petitioner, Universal Aggregates, LLC, was awarded this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash." The purpose of the cooperative agreement is to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia. A successful demonstration would lead to additional lightweight aggregate manufacturing facilities in the United States. There are currently twenty-one spray dryer facilities operating in the United States that produce an adequate amount of spray

324

Optical panel system including stackable waveguides  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical panel system including stackable waveguides is provided. The optical panel system displays a projected light image and comprises a plurality of planar optical waveguides in a stacked state. The optical panel system further comprises a support system that aligns and supports the waveguides in the stacked state. In one embodiment, the support system comprises at least one rod, wherein each waveguide contains at least one hole, and wherein each rod is positioned through a corresponding hole in each waveguide. In another embodiment, the support system comprises at least two opposing edge structures having the waveguides positioned therebetween, wherein each opposing edge structure contains a mating surface, wherein opposite edges of each waveguide contain mating surfaces which are complementary to the mating surfaces of the opposing edge structures, and wherein each mating surface of the opposing edge structures engages a corresponding complementary mating surface of the opposite edges of each waveguide.

DeSanto, Leonard (Dunkirk, MD); Veligdan, James T. (Manorville, NY)

2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

325

Critical point anomalies include expansion shock waves  

SciTech Connect

From first-principle fluid dynamics, complemented by a rigorous state equation accounting for critical anomalies, we discovered that expansion shock waves may occur in the vicinity of the liquid-vapor critical point in the two-phase region. Due to universality of near-critical thermodynamics, the result is valid for any common pure fluid in which molecular interactions are only short-range, namely, for so-called 3-dimensional Ising-like systems, and under the assumption of thermodynamic equilibrium. In addition to rarefaction shock waves, diverse non-classical effects are admissible, including composite compressive shock-fan-shock waves, due to the change of sign of the fundamental derivative of gasdynamics.

Nannan, N. R., E-mail: ryan.nannan@uvs.edu [Mechanical Engineering Discipline, Anton de Kom University of Suriname, Leysweg 86, PO Box 9212, Paramaribo, Suriname and Process and Energy Department, Delft University of Technology, Leeghwaterstraat 44, 2628 CA Delft (Netherlands); Guardone, A., E-mail: alberto.guardone@polimi.it [Department of Aerospace Science and Technology, Politecnico di Milano, Via La Masa 34, 20156 Milano (Italy); Colonna, P., E-mail: p.colonna@tudelft.nl [Propulsion and Power, Delft University of Technology, Kluyverweg 1, 2629 HS Delft (Netherlands)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

Complex shell model representation including antibound states  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A generalization of the complex shell model formalism is presented that includes antibound states in the basis. These states, together with bound states, Gamow states, and the continuum background, represented by properly chosen scattering waves, form a representation in which all states are treated on the same footing. Two-particle states are evaluated within this formalism, and observable two-particle resonances are defined. The formalism is illustrated in the well-known case of Li11 in its bound ground state and in Ca70(g.s.), which is also bound. Both cases are found to have a halo structure. These halo structures are described within the generalized complex shell model. We investigated the formation of two-particle resonances in these nuclei, but no evidence of such resonances was found.

R. Id Betan; R. J. Liotta; N. Sandulescu; T. Vertse; R. Wyss

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

327

Transportation energy data book: edition 16  

SciTech Connect

The Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 16 is a statistical compendium prepared and published by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) under contract with the Office of Transportation Technologies in the Department of Energy (DOE). Designed for use as a desk-top reference, the data book represents an assembly and display of statistics and information that characterize transportation activity, and presents data on other factors that influence transportation energy use. The purpose of this document is to present relevant statistical data in the form of tables and graphs. Each of the major transportation modes is treated in separate chapters or sections. Chapter 1 compares U.S. transportation data with data from other countries. Aggregate energy use and energy supply data for all modes are presented in Chapter 2. The highway mode, which accounts for over three-fourths of total transportation energy consumption, is dealt with in Chapter 3. Topics in this chapter include automobiles, trucks, buses, fleet vehicles, federal standards, fuel economies, and high- occupancy vehicle lane data. Household travel behavior characteristics are displayed in Chapter 4. Chapter 5 contains information on alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles. Chapter 6 covers the major nonhighway modes: air, water, and rail. The last chapter, Chapter 7, presents data on environmental issues relating to transportation.

Davis, S.C. [Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); McFarlin, D.N. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

E-Print Network 3.0 - aggregated amyloid beta Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

search results for: aggregated amyloid beta Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.comnatureology 1 wide range of natural...

329

E-Print Network 3.0 - aggregated immunoglobulin e-receptor Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

immunoglobulin e-receptor Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aggregated immunoglobulin e-receptor Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1...

330

E-Print Network 3.0 - amyloid beta aggregation Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

search results for: amyloid beta aggregation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.comnatureology 1 wide range of natural...

331

E-Print Network 3.0 - anionic surfactant aggregation Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street Summary: -organized aggregate. Therefore, the self-assembly behavior of bivalent or multivalent cationic-anionic surfactant......

332

E-Print Network 3.0 - aggregation prone regions Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Collection: Biology and Medicine 7 Protein folding in the cell: reshaping the folding funnel Summary: , as a second aggregation'...

333

E-Print Network 3.0 - aggregate concrete beams Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

concrete beams Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aggregate concrete beams Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Technical Report Documentation...

334

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect aggregate turnover Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of GRSP research has focused on its relationship with aggregate water stability... ecosystem warming positively affects arbuscular mycor- rhizae but ... Source: Rilli, Matthias...

335

Integration of an Aggregate Flow Model with a Traffic Flow Simulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluation Tool (FACET). Using delay predictions, system metrics, and a visualization of the aggregated) solutions for weather disturbances. I. Introduction A. The Need for System Modeling. TFM initiatives

336

E-Aggregation: The Present and Future of Online Financial Services in Asia-Pacific  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many financial institutions have built websites to inform and attract customers. Financial aggregation present an opportunity by which they can build stronger ...

Fujii, Hiroshi

2003-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

337

Energy-Efficient Appliance Manufacturing Tax Credit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy-Efficient Appliance Manufacturing Tax Credit Energy-Efficient Appliance Manufacturing Tax Credit Energy-Efficient Appliance Manufacturing Tax Credit < Back Eligibility Industrial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Maximum Rebate The aggregate amount of credit allowed for 2011 is $25 million per taxpayer. Certain refrigerators and clothes washers will not add to the aggregate credit amount. See summary below for more details. Program Info Start Date 01/01/2007 Expiration Date 12/31/2013 Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Rebate Amount Dishwashers: $25 - $75 per unit, varies by energy and water efficiency; Clothes washers: $175 - $225 per unit, varies by type, and energy and water efficiency; Refrigerators: $150 or $200, depending on energy-efficiency rating Provider U.S. Internal Revenue Service

338

SEEPAGE MODEL FOR PA INCLUDING DRIFT COLLAPSE  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to document the predictions and analyses performed using the seepage model for performance assessment (SMPA) for both the Topopah Spring middle nonlithophysal (Tptpmn) and lower lithophysal (Tptpll) lithostratigraphic units at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Look-up tables of seepage flow rates into a drift (and their uncertainty) are generated by performing numerical simulations with the seepage model for many combinations of the three most important seepage-relevant parameters: the fracture permeability, the capillary-strength parameter 1/a, and the percolation flux. The percolation flux values chosen take into account flow focusing effects, which are evaluated based on a flow-focusing model. Moreover, multiple realizations of the underlying stochastic permeability field are conducted. Selected sensitivity studies are performed, including the effects of an alternative drift geometry representing a partially collapsed drift from an independent drift-degradation analysis (BSC 2004 [DIRS 166107]). The intended purpose of the seepage model is to provide results of drift-scale seepage rates under a series of parameters and scenarios in support of the Total System Performance Assessment for License Application (TSPA-LA). The SMPA is intended for the evaluation of drift-scale seepage rates under the full range of parameter values for three parameters found to be key (fracture permeability, the van Genuchten 1/a parameter, and percolation flux) and drift degradation shape scenarios in support of the TSPA-LA during the period of compliance for postclosure performance [Technical Work Plan for: Performance Assessment Unsaturated Zone (BSC 2002 [DIRS 160819], Section I-4-2-1)]. The flow-focusing model in the Topopah Spring welded (TSw) unit is intended to provide an estimate of flow focusing factors (FFFs) that (1) bridge the gap between the mountain-scale and drift-scale models, and (2) account for variability in local percolation flux due to stochastic hydrologic properties and flow processes.

C. Tsang

2004-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

339

Mechanism of Algal Aggregation by Bacillus sp. Strain RP1137  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Baltimore, Maryland, USA Alga-derived biofuels...fungible renewable energy source. Production...harvesting. INTRODUCTION Energy underlies economies and is the largest single market in the world. However, most energy systems are based on...

Ryan J. Powell; Russell T. Hill

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

340

Search for Earth-like planets includes LANL star analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search for earth-like planets Search for earth-like planets Search for Earth-like planets includes LANL star analysis The mission will not only be able to search for planets around other stars, but also yield new insights into the parent stars themselves. March 6, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sources of non- fossil electricity generation including wind, solar, hydro, nuclear and geothermal, renewable energy

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 25770 of 29,416 results. 61 - 25770 of 29,416 results. Rebate Home Energy Loan Program The Home Energy Loan Program (HELP), administered by the Louisiana Department of Natural Resources (DNR), allows homeowners to get a five-year loan to improve the energy efficiency of their... http://energy.gov/savings/home-energy-loan-program Rebate Illinois Solar Energy Association- Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation Program '''''RECAP is not currently accepting applications. The most recent solicitation closed April 30th, 2013. Check the program web site for information regarding future solicitations. '''''... http://energy.gov/savings/illinois-solar-energy-association-renewable-energy-credit-aggregation-program Rebate Interconnection Standards In December 2003, the Nevada Public Utilities Commission (PUC) adopted

343

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 23240 of 28,560 results. 31 - 23240 of 28,560 results. Rebate Home Energy Loan Program The Home Energy Loan Program (HELP), administered by the Louisiana Department of Natural Resources (DNR), allows homeowners to get a five-year loan to improve the energy efficiency of their... http://energy.gov/savings/home-energy-loan-program Rebate Illinois Solar Energy Association- Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation Program '''''RECAP is not currently accepting applications. The most recent solicitation closed April 30th, 2013. Check the program web site for information regarding future solicitations. '''''... http://energy.gov/savings/illinois-solar-energy-association-renewable-energy-credit-aggregation-program Rebate Interconnection Standards In December 2003, the Nevada Public Utilities Commission (PUC) adopted

344

cDNA encoding a polypeptide including a hevein sequence  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cDNA clone (HEV1) encoding hevein was isolated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mixed oligonucleotides corresponding to two regions of hevein as primers and a Hevea brasiliensis latex cDNA library as a template. HEV1 is 1018 nucleotides long and includes an open reading frame of 204 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contains a pu GOVERNMENT RIGHTS This application was funded under Department of Energy Contract DE-AC02-76ER01338. The U.S. Government has certain rights under this application and any patent issuing thereon.

Raikhel, Natasha V. (Okemos, MI); Broekaert, Willem F. (Dilbeek, BE); Chua, Nam-Hai (Scarsdale, NY); Kush, Anil (New York, NY)

1993-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

345

DOE Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes 30-mile Natural Gas Pipeline from Pasco to Hanford DOE Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes 30-mile Natural Gas Pipeline from Pasco to Hanford January 23, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Cameron Hardy, DOE , (509) 376-5365, Cameron.Hardy@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, WASH. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is considering natural gas transportation and distribution requirements to support the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) and evaporator operations at the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. DOE awarded a task order worth up to $5 million to the local, licensed supplier of natural gas in the Hanford area, Cascade Natural Gas Corporation (Cascade). Cascade will support DOE and its Environmental

346

Fossil Energy RSS Feeds | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fossil Energy RSS Feeds Fossil Energy RSS Feeds Fossil Energy RSS Feeds RSS, sometimes known as Really Simple Syndication, is a popular means of sharing content (such as news headlines) without requiring readers to constantly visit a Web site to see what's new. RSS feeds contain headlines and hyperlinks to longer articles or Web pages. RSS feeds from the Office of Fossil Energy provide updates of specific interest to the fossil fuel community. Fossil Energy RSS feeds are free of charge. RSS content can be read using software called an RSS reader, feed reader, or an aggregator, which can be web-based or desktop-based. Click on RSS button below to subscribe to Fossil Energy latest news. All Fossil Energy News Clean Coal Technology News Carbon Capture and Storage News Oil & Natural Gas News

347

PREPRINT QUASIPARTICLE AGGREGATION I N THE FRACTIONAL QUANTUM HALL EFFECT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

91618 91618 PREPRINT QUASIPARTICLE AGGREGATION I N THE FRACTIONAL QUANTUM HALL EFFECT R. B. Laughlin This paper was prepared for submittal to the Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on the Physics of Semi conductors San Francisco, California August 6-10, 1984 October 10, 1984 This is a preprint of a paper intended for publication in a journal or proceedings. Since changes may be made before publication, this preprint is made available with the un- derstanding that it will not be cited or reproduced without the permission of the author. DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency Thereof, nor any of their employees,

348

RECOMMENDATIONS TO INCLUDE IN CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION'S 2009 INTEGRATED ENERGY POLICY REPORT (IEPR)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and to strike a balance between control of criteria pollutants and control of greenhouse gases. We intend criteria pollutants during electricity generation, such as dairy methane digesters, applicants have been unable - or have found it extremely difficult, time-consuming and expensive - to obtain the necessary air

Kammen, Daniel M.

349

World Primary Energy Overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Overview of Energy Production and Consumption Energy can be defined as primary energy or secondary energy depending on the intensity of use and type of fuel source. Primary energy includes forms obtained from fou...

Charles E. Brown Ph.D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Recycling of wasted energy : thermal to electrical energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heat source can be solar thermal energy, biological thermaland concentrated solar thermal energy farms. They demandsources include solar thermal energy, geo-thermal energy,

Lim, Hyuck

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Exploring Aggregate Effect with Weighted Transcoding Graphs for Efficient Cache Replacement in Transcoding Proxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exploring Aggregate Effect with Weighted Transcoding Graphs for Efficient Cache Replacement University Taipei, Taiwan, ROC E-mail: {cychang@arbor.ee.ntu.edu.tw; mschen@cc.ee.ntu.edu.tw} Abstract This paper explores the aggregate effect when caching multiple versions of the same Web object

Chen, Ming-Syan

352

Polymer Thermodynamics and Chain Structure Polymers display some similarities and some differences with nano-aggregates.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for aggregates and by the late Paul Flory of Stanford for polymer coils. Since the spring constant of a polymer of a polymer coil is largely determined by entropy, an individual polymer coil displays an increasing spring an aggregate in nanomaterials and a polymer coil in Polymer Science. The mass-fractal or minimum dimension

Beaucage, Gregory

353

Structure and dynamics of the aggregation mechanism of the Parkinsons disease-associated protein  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structure and dynamics of the aggregation mechanism of the Parkinson´s disease-associated protein containing amyloid-like aggregates of the protein -synuclein (S) are deposited in the pigmented nuclei S to oligomeric neurotoxic forms of the protein are largely unknown. The major aim of this thesis has been

Jahn, Reinhard

354

In Situ Monitoring of 3D In Vitro Cell Aggregation Using An Optical Imaging System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis. We describe a system for the imaging and analysis of cell aggregation, over long periods, within and motion of the aggregates within the bio- reactor were obtained. Detailed size and population data have feedback system to control the growth of 3D cell cultures for repeatable, reliable, and quality controlled

Waters, Sarah

355

APPLICATION OF SYMBOLIC PIECEWISE AGGREGATE APPROXIMATION (PAA) ANALYSIS TO ECG SIGNALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APPLICATION OF SYMBOLIC PIECEWISE AGGREGATE APPROXIMATION (PAA) ANALYSIS TO ECG SIGNALS Burcu) with Piecewise Aggregate Approximation (PAA). The same ECG series is symbolized first by PLA and then PAA. Coarsing the series by PLA proved to be more problematic than PAA. At coarser scales, details are lost

Kumova, Bora

356

Improved climate forecast accuracy: implications for the aggregate sorghum supply curve  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for 19 sites, one in Australia (Jondaryan) and 18 in Texas, with and without SO information for five prices and three SO events. From these site yields expected aggregate supply curves weighted by hectares for Texas and Jondaryan are developed. Aggregated...

Hill, Harvey S. J.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

357

Transportation energy data book: Edition 15  

SciTech Connect

The Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 15 is a statistical compendium. Designed for use as a desk-top reference, the data book represents an assembly and display of statistics and information that characterize transportation activity, and presents data on other factors that influence transportation energy use. Purpose of this document is to present relevant statistical data in the form of tables and graphs. Each of the major transportation modes is treated in separate chapters or sections. Chapter I compares US transportation data with data from other countries. Aggregate energy use and energy supply data for all modes are presented in Chapter 2. The highway mode, which accounts for over three-fourths of total transportation energy consumption, is dealt with in Chapter 3. Topics in this chapter include automobiles, trucks, buses, fleet vehicles, federal standards, fuel economies, and high-occupancy vehicle lane data. Household travel behavior characteristics are displayed in Chapter 4. Chapter 5 contains information on alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles. Chapter 6 covers the major nonhighway modes: air, water, and rail. The last chapter, Chapter 7, presents data environmental issues relating to transportation.

Davis, S.C.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

RAMP: Impact of Rule Based Aggregator Business Model for Residential Microgrid of Prosumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

market for energy distribution where competition is intense and profit margins are relatively small [18 Including Distributed Energy Resources Mohammad Abdullah Al Faruque Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California, USA E-mail: {alfaruqu

Al Faruque, Mohammad Abdullah

359

Efficient and Sustainable EnergyEfficient and Sustainable Energy NIU Energy Initiative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EnergyHumanity'sHumanity's Top Ten ProblemsTop Ten Problems ffEnergyEnergy to alternative (including nuclear) and renewable energy sources (including solar,energy sources (including solarEfficient and Sustainable EnergyEfficient and Sustainable Energy NIU Energy Initiative: Efficient

Kostic, Milivoje M.

360

U.S. Virgin Islands - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Virgin Islands - Net Metering U.S. Virgin Islands - Net Metering U.S. Virgin Islands - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Institutional Local Government Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info Program Type Net Metering In February 2007, the U.S. Virgin Islands Public Services Commission approved a limited net-metering program for residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV), wind-energy or other renewable energy system up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. In July 2009, the legislature passed Act 7075 that raised the capacity limits to 20 kW for residential systems, 100 kW for commercial systems, and 500 kW for public (which includes government, schools, hospitals). The aggregate capacity limit of all net-metered systems is five megawatts

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Solar Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are major advantages to using solar energy for a variety of energy needs including electrical generation and space heating. The availability of solar radiation is extremely high in some localities of the...

Charles E. Brown Ph.D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Influence of Subslab Aggregate Permeability of SSV Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Extension Service by BPA Coop Agreement DE-FC79-Power Administration (BPA) through interagency agreement DE-Energy Extension Service by BPA Coop Agreement DE-FC79-

Gadgil, A.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Nanomaterials for Energy and Electronics Materials Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

crystalline silicon solar cells suffer from both high materials costs and energy-intensive production-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) based on oxide semiconductors and organic dyes have recently emerged as a promising Synthesis of ZnO Aggregates and Their Application in Dye-sensitized Solar Cells Nanomaterials for Energy

Cao, Guozhong

364

August 1, 2012 Aggregating QECB Allocations & Using QECBs to Support  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and their bond counsels. 1 A full list of eligible projects available: http://www1.eere.energy Study on Massachusetts Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) are federally-subsidized bonds that enable state, tribal, and local government issuers to borrow money to fund a range of energy conservation

365

Assessment of sustainable development in the EU 27 using aggregated SD index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the European Union the sustainable development is a fundamental and overarchingobjective enshrined in the Treaty and measuring progress towards sustainable development is an integral part of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy. Eurostat produce a monitoring report every two years based on the EU set of sustainable development indicators (SDIs). The main objective of this paper is to create an aggregated index of the sustainable development from EU set of \\{SDIs\\} for each 27 EU country based on the PCA. The headline indicator economic growth was not involved because its increase is not expressly followed by positive change in other \\{SDIs\\} from social, economic and environmental fields. The aggregated SD index enables to get an overall picture about the position of each of the 27 EU countries and its development in terms of the sustainability over time as assumed in the EU Sustainable Development Strategy. Sweden, Denmark, Netherland, and Great Britain have repeatedly reached the highest value of aggregated SD index. The highest positive change in the aggregated SD index has occurred in countries with the lowest value of aggregated SD index. Moreover, we put this new aggregated index in relation with economic growth and found that there is a negative correlation between aggregated SD index and the economic growth for most of the 27 EU countries.

Paula Bolcrov; Stanislav Kolota

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Annual Energy Review, 2008  

SciTech Connect

The Annual Energy Review (AER) is the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) primary report of annual historical energy statistics. For many series, data begin with the year 1949. Included are statistics on total energy production, consumption, trade, and energy prices; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, renewable energy, and international energy; financial and environment indicators; and data unit conversions.

None

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

A new spatio-temporal prediction approach based on aggregate queries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The prediction of spatio-temporal data streams which is based on aggregate queries has been an important research direction in the research field of databases. More and more methods have been proposed to obtain approximate aggregate results. However, they will consume a lot of time and storage space. This paper proposes Dynamic Sketch (DS) index by using modified method of Adaptive Multi-dimensional Histogram (AMH*) to intelligently partition static sketch which can improve the approximate quality of aggregate queries in road networks. Then, based on DS index, this paper proposes a new prediction approach over data streams in road networks using Self-Adaptive Exponential Smoothing (SAES).

Jun Feng; Zhonghua Zhu; Yaqing Shi; Liming Xu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Method for the production of cementitious compositions and aggregate derivatives from said compositions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method for the production of cementitious compositions and aggregate derivatives of said compositions, and cementitious compositions and aggregates produced by said method, wherein fluidized bed combustion residue and pozzolanic material, such as pulverized coal combustion system fly ash, are incorporated in a cementitious mix. The mix is cast into desired shape and cured. If desired, the shape may then be crushed so as to result in a fluidized bed combustion residue-fly ash aggregate material or the shape may be used by itself.

Minnick, L. John (Box 271, Plymouth Meeting, PA 19462)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Thermodynamics of Peptide Aggregation Processes. An Analysis from Perspectives of Three Statistical Ensembles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We employ a mesoscopic model for studying aggregation processes of protein-like hydrophobic-polar heteropolymers. By means of multicanonical Monte Carlo computer simulations, we find strong indications that peptide aggregation is a phase separation process, in which the microcanonical entropy exhibits a convex intruder due to nonnegligible surface effects of the small systems. We analyze thermodynamic properties of the conformational transitions accompanying the aggregation process from the multicanonical, canonical, and microcanonical perspective. It turns out that the microcanonical description is particularly advantageous as it allows for unraveling details of the phase-separation transition in the thermodynamic region, where the temperature is not a suitable external control parameter anymore.

Christoph Junghans; Michael Bachmann; Wolfhard Janke

2007-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

370

Energy Spectrum | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product: Brooklyn-based energy management conslutants with services including demand response, load control, cogeneration and rate analysis. Coordinates: 42.852755,...

371

Energy Internet | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

management and energy services. The suite of products will include: Enhanced Demand Response: Optimizes electricity generation scheduling and provisioning to reduce expensive...

372

Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Projects  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

financing institution based within DOE - one of the largest project finance and clean energy lenders in the U.S. *The current portfolio includes loans, loan guarantees, and...

373

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Household Expenditures Module Household Expenditures Module The Household Expenditures Module (HEM) constructs household energy expenditure profiles using historical survey data on household income, population and demographic characteristics, and consumption and expenditures for fuels for various end-uses. These data are combined with NEMS forecasts of household disposable income, fuel consumption, and fuel expenditures by end-use and household type. The HEM disaggregation algorithm uses these combined results to forecast household fuel consumption and expenditures by income quintile and Census Division. Key Assumptions The historical input data used to develop the HEM version for the AEO2003 consists of recent household survey responses, aggregated to the desired level of detail. Two surveys performed by the Energy Information Administration are included in the AEO2003 HEM database, and together these input data are used to develop a set of baseline household consumption profiles for the direct fuel expenditure analysis. These surveys are the 1997 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) and the 1991 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS).

374

Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 14  

SciTech Connect

Designed for use as a desk-top reference, the data book represents an assembly and display of statistics and information that characterize transportation activity, and presents data on other factors that influence transportation energy use. The purpose of this document is to present relevant statistical data in the form of tables and graphs. Each of the major transportation modes is treated in separate chapters or sections. Chapter 1 compares US transportation data with data from other countries. Aggregate energy use and energy supply data for all modes are presented in Chapter 2. The highway mode, which accounts for over three-fourths of total transportation energy consumption, is dealt with in Chapter 3. Topics in this chapter include automobiles, trucks, buses, fleet vehicles, federal standards, fuel economies, and high-occupancy vehicle lane data. Household travel behavior characteristics are displayed in Chapter 4. Chapter 5 contains information on alternative fuels and alternatively-fueled vehicles. Chapter 6 covers the major nonhighway modes: air, water, and rail. The last chapter, Chapter 7, presents data environmental issues relating to transportation.

Davis, S.C.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

450 450 Varnish cache server Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource Dataset Summary Description This project estimates the naturally available and technically recoverable U.S. wave energy resources, using a 51-month Wavewatch III hindcast database developed especially for this study by National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA's) National Centers for Environmental Prediction. For total resource estimation, wave power density in terms of kilowatts per meter is aggregated across a unit diameter circle. This approach is fully consistent with accepted global practice and includes the resource made available by the lateral transfer of wave energy along wave crests, which enables densities within a few kilometers of a linear array, even for fixed terminator devices.

376

Utilization of Illinois slags for the production of ultra-lightweight aggregates. Technical report, December 1, 1992--February 28, 1993  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this program is to demonstrate that solid residues (slag) from the gasification of Illinois coals can be utilized to manufacture ultra-lightweight aggregates (ULWA). Conventional ULWAs are made by pyroprocessing perlite ores and have unit weights in the range of 3--15 lb/ft{sup 3}. In a previous project, Praxis Engineers demonstrated at the pilot scale that lightweight aggregates with unit weights of 40--55 lb/ ft{sup 3} can be produced from Illinois coal slags, which is suitable for making lightweight cement concrete and precast blocks. These tests also indicated that a product with a unit weight of less than 25 lb/ft{sup 3} could be produced from slag. This project is aimed at testing the potential for producing ULWA from Illinois coal slags. Target applications include loose fill insulation, insulating concrete, lightweight precast products such as concrete blocks and rooftiles, and filtration media. Laboratory- and pilot-scale testing is being conducted in Phase I to identify operating conditions for the expansion of Illinois slags to produce ULWA. Following this, a large batch of expanded slag will be produced, for evaluation in various applications in Phase II.

Choudhry, V. [Praxis Engineers, Inc., Milpitas, CA (United States); Zimmerle, T. [Silbrico Corporation (United States); Banerjee, D.D. [Illinois Clean Coal Inst., Carterville, IL (United States)

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

International Energy Agency (IEA) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

International Energy Agency, headquartered in Paris, France, acts as an energy policy advisor for the governments of its 28 member countries including: Australia, Austria,...

378

Energy Student Ambassador Program | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

and girls in STEM fields. Further our energy related outreach, including promotion of energyenvironmental conservation, green jobs, and market transformation. Energy Student...

379

Anhui Paiya Solar Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product: Anhui Paiya Solar Energy's products include PV module, solar power system, and solar light systems. References: Anhui Paiya Solar Energy1 This article is a stub. You...

380

E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna bacteriochlorophyll aggregates...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beate - Institut fr Physik, Humboldt-Universitt zu Berlin Collection: Renewable Energy ; Physics ; Chemistry 10 Porphyrin Nanotubes by Ionic Self-Assembly Zhongchun...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Aggregating QECB Allocations and Using QECBs to Support the Private...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

advertised the QECB opportunity to these companies. * Clean energy policy framework. Massachusetts has developed a supportive policy framework for renewable generation...

382

Potential Federal On-Site Solar Aggregation in Washington, D...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Requirements * On-site Renewable Energy Purchase Overview * Washington DCMaryland Solar Options * Case Studies * Federal Interest * Q&A * Resources 2 3 Federal Renewable...

383

United States/Mexico electricity trade study. [Glossary included  

SciTech Connect

During energy discussions between the United States and Mexico, it was suggested that the two countries revisit the issue of enhanced electricity trade because 10 years had elapsed since this issue was first studied. Responsibility to organize the updated study was jointly assigned to the US and to the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE). The study highlights the opportunities for increased cooperation among the electric utilities in the U.S. and Mexico. Direct benefits could include increased reliability of electric power service and cost savings through diversity of peak demand patterns and locational benefits associated with the siting of new generation sources. Indirect benefits could include improved economic and employment opportunities, especially in the border areas of both countries. While the study indicates that increased electricity trade is possible, there are significant technical and economic issues to consider. Any major increase in electricity trade would require a higher level of cooperation and coordination among utilities in both countries and would need to be preceded by a detailed analysis of associated benefits and costs (including environmental impacts) on both a short-term and a long-term basis. Whether US utilities and CFE decide to pursue specific projects will depend upon the need for and economics of those projects. The study recommends that the work begun by the two utility groups be continued. The study also recommends that regulators at all levels consider policies to increase coordination and review among all relevant parties so that unnecessary delays in planning and constructing needed facilities are avoided. 12 figs., 17 tabs.

Not Available

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Including Alternative Resources in State Renewable Portfolio Standards: Current Design and Implementation Experience  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Including Alternative Resources Including Alternative Resources in State Renewable Portfolio Standards: Current Design and Implementation Experience Jenny Heeter and Lori Bird Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-55979 November 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Including Alternative Resources in State Renewable Portfolio Standards: Current Design and Implementation Experience Jenny Heeter and Lori Bird Prepared under Task No. SAO9.3110

385

Modeling the Interaction between the Atmospheric and Oceanic Boundary Layers, Including a Surface Wave Layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The interaction between the atmospheric and oceanic boundary layers is simulated by solving a closed system of equations including equations of motion, turbulent kinetic energy (TKE), turbulent exchange coefficient (TEC), expressions for air and ...

Le Ngoc Ly

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha-synuclein processing aggregation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FEBS Lett. 2002;522(1-3):9-13. 25... and Aggregation of Alpha-Synuclein in Organic Solvents: Modeling the Effects of Membranes. Biochemistry. 2003... the conformation of...

387

Near-infrared photodetector consisting of J-aggregating cyanine dye and metal oxide thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate a near-infrared photodetector that consists of a thin film of the J-aggregating cyanine dye, U3, and transparent metal-oxide charge transport layers. The high absorption coefficient of the U3 film, combined ...

Osedach, Timothy P.

388

The development of correlations between HMA pavement performance and aggregate shape properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The performance of these mixes was evaluated in three projects carried out by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the Texas Transportation Institute (TTI). During this research, a database of the volumetric, performance, and aggregate shape measurements...

McGahan, Jeremy

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

389

Detection and Quantification of Expansive Clay Minerals in Geologically-Diverse Texas Aggregate Fines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and asphalt concretes. The Texas Department of Transportation (TXDOT) and Texas A&M Transportation Institute (TTI) evaluated the methylene blue adsorption test for its potential to identify and estimate quantities of expansive clays in aggregate stockpiles...

Russell, George 1983-

2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

390

E-Print Network 3.0 - aggregating devices fads Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 4 5 > >> 1 Simulating the effect of FAD density on large scale movements Summary: of fish aggregated around FAD 9 ton ( Doray et al. 2008) The influence distance of a FAD (a...

391

The use of the Canberra metrics to aggregate metrics to sustainability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A final example is chosen from a recent work of Sikdar et al. (2012) where the modified form of the Euclidean distance given by Eq.5...is used to aggregate the sustainability indicators for the automotive shredder

Humberto S. Brandi; R. J. Daroda

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Characterization of aggregate resistance to degradation in stone matrix asphalt mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stone matrix asphalt (SMA) mixtures rely on stone-on-stone contacts among particles to resist applied forces and permanent deformation. Aggregates in SMA should resist degradation (fracture and abrasion) under high stresses at the contact points...

Gatchalian, Dennis

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

393

E-Print Network 3.0 - aggregates rock and stone Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

12;15 Figure A. 10: Picture BB07C1B... Beam Mark: BB07 Cut Location and View: Concrete Type: Self consolidating Aggregate: River Rock Cut ID... : Self consolidating...

394

MASCP Gator: an aggregation portal for the visualization of Arabidopsis proteomics data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bioinformatics MASCP Gator: An Aggregation Portal for theExcellence known as the MASCP Gator and can be accessed atVol. 155, 2011 MASCP Gator (MASCP Gator) that summarizes

Joshi, Hiren

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Simulation of threepulseecho and fluorescence depolarization in photosynthetic aggregates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...The dimer is the smallest pigment-proteins complex, consisting of two short polypeptides...orientations are distributed randomly, the ensemble average of the anisotropy should vary...theory treats dynamical pro- cesses in disordered aggregates such as nuclear relaxation...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

A Novel Aggregation Technique Using Mechanical Torque Compensating Factor for DFIG Wind Farms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel aggregated model for wind farms consisting of wind turbines equipped with doubly fed induction generators (DFIG) is proposed in this paper. In ... a large scale offshore wind farm comprising 72 DFIG wind ...

M. A. Chowdhury

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

E-Print Network 3.0 - aggregating brain cell Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

brain cell Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aggregating brain cell Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 81,...

398

New production process for insulation blocks composed of EPS and lightweight concrete containing pumice aggregate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study introduces a new production method for production of the insulation blocks made of pumice aggregate, lightweight concrete and expanded polystyrene foam (EPS). Products produced via this method ...נhe...

Ali Sariisik; Gencay Sariisik

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Structure and Dynamics of Anaerobic Bacterial Aggregates in a Gas-Lift Reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Consequently, the mechanical strength of aggregates is affected...Such mechanical effects by gas bubbles arising within biofilms...shearing forces, cell lysis, gas production, etc.) may...W. F. Kossen. 1980. Gas production by immobilized...

H. H. Beeftink; P. Staugaard

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Weathering and aggregate suitabilityA case history from the Victoria project, Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Victoria Project under construction near Kandy in Sri Lanka, required 1.7 million tonnes of aggregate to be quarried in slightly weathered gneiss. This paper describes an investigation into the strength an...

C. Stevens

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Exciton coherence length fluctuations in chromophore aggregates probed by multidimensional optical spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exciton coherence length fluctuations in chromophore aggregates probed by multidimensional optical 10 May 2010; published online 2 July 2010 The coherent third order optical response of molecular integral over stochastic bath paths described by the stochastic Liouville equations. Coherent two

Mukamel, Shaul

402

Attractive Interactions between Reverse Aggregates and Phase Separation in Concentrated Malonamide Extractant Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using small angle X-ray scattering, conductivity, and phase behavior determination, we show that concentrated solutions of molanamide extractants, dimethyldibutyltetradecylmalonamide (DMDBTDMA), are organized in reverse oligomeric aggregates which have ...

C. Erlinger; L. Belloni; Th. Zemb; C. Madic

1999-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

403

E-Print Network 3.0 - aggregate health care Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

health care Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aggregate health care Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 HUNTER COLLEGE OF THE CITY UNIVERSITY...

404

[Article 1 of 7: Motivates and Includes the Consumer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

system more options for solutions and resources, from home energy management and demand response to participating in the energy market using its KWH, KW, and ancillary services....

405

Scaling Irregular Applications through Data Aggregation and Software Multithreading  

SciTech Connect

Bioinformatics, data analytics, semantic databases, knowledge discovery are emerging high performance application areas that exploit dynamic, linked data structures such as graphs, unbalanced trees or unstructured grids. These data structures usually are very large, requiring significantly more memory than available on single shared memory systems. Additionally, these data structures are difficult to partition on distributed memory systems. They also present poor spatial and temporal locality, thus generating unpredictable memory and network accesses. The Partitioned Global Address Space (PGAS) programming model seems suitable for these applications, because it allows using a shared memory abstraction across distributed-memory clusters. However, current PGAS languages and libraries are built to target regular remote data accesses and block transfers. Furthermore, they usually rely on the Single Program Multiple Data (SPMD) parallel control model, which is not well suited to the fine grained, dynamic and unbalanced parallelism of irregular applications. In this paper we present {\\bf GMT} (Global Memory and Threading library), a custom runtime library that enables efficient execution of irregular applications on commodity clusters. GMT integrates a PGAS data substrate with simple fork/join parallelism and provides automatic load balancing on a per node basis. It implements multi-level aggregation and lightweight multithreading to maximize memory and network bandwidth with fine-grained data accesses and tolerate long data access latencies. A key innovation in the GMT runtime is its thread specialization (workers, helpers and communication threads) that realize the overall functionality. We compare our approach with other PGAS models, such as UPC running using GASNet, and hand-optimized MPI code on a set of typical large-scale irregular applications, demonstrating speedups of an order of magnitude.

Morari, Alessandro; Tumeo, Antonino; Chavarra-Miranda, Daniel; Villa, Oreste; Valero, Mateo

2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

406

Mechanism of Algal Aggregation by Bacillus sp. Strain RP1137  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Maryland, USA Alga-derived biofuels are one of the best alternatives for economically...renewable energy source...fuel from algae is technically...petroleum. Algal biofuels represent one of the best alternatives to sustainably...liquid fuels. Algae act as self-replicating...use light energy to chemically...

Ryan J. Powell; Russell T. Hill

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

407

Application of the Modified Methylene Blue Test to Detect Clay Minerals in Coarse Aggregate Fines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APPLICATION OF THE MODIFIED METHYLENE BLUE TEST TO DETECT CLAY MINERALS IN COARSE AGGREGATE FINES A Thesis by BRANDON THOMAS PITRE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...: Civil Engineering Copyright 2012 Brandon Thomas Pitre ii ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to implement a new, rapid field method to effectively and accurately detect harmful clay minerals in aggregate fines by using the modified...

Pitre, Brandon

2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

408

A new mineralogical approach to predict coefficient of thermal expansion of aggregate and concrete  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the construction allows for accurate prediction of the potential thermal change on crack development and crack width and enhances the overall design process. Siliceous gravel use results in larger crack width than does the limestone and at low temperature... increment between the contacts to the flask volume, the amount of aggregate in the flask, and the thermal characteristics of the aggregate. For measurements made below the freezing point of water, a non-reactive liquid, such as toluene, which does...

Neekhra, Siddharth

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

409

Algorithms for on-line aggregate production plan revision with stochastic autocorrelated demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tep Sastri (Chair of Committee) J / ' l Dick Simmons (Member) Alberto Garcia. -Diaz ( Xlember ) G. K. Bennett (Head of Department) December 1989 ABSTRACT Algoritlnns for On-line Aggregate Production Plan Rev1sion with Stochastic... Autocorrelated Denrand. (December 1989) Zixuan Ding, B. S. , East China Petroleum University Chair of Advisory Com1nittee: Dr. Tep Sastri Aggregate production plan revision in the environment of autocorrelated stochastic demand is con1plex but. at the sa1ne...

Ding, Zixuan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

410

Modeling the elastic and plastic response of single crystals and polycrystalline aggregates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MODELING THE ELASTIC AND PLASTIC RESPONSE OF SINGLE CRYSTALS AND POLYCRYSTALLINE AGGREGATES A Thesis by PARAG VILAS PATWARDHAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2003 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering MODELING THE ELASTIC AND PLASTIC RESPONSE OF SINGLE CRYSTALS AND POLYCRYSTALLINE AGGREGATES A Thesis by PARAG VILAS...

Patwardhan, Parag Vilas

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

411

Aggregation in solvent extraction systems containing a malonamide, a dialklphosphoric acid and their mixtures.  

SciTech Connect

Aggregation phenomena in n-alkane solutions of di-n-hexylphosphoric acid (HDHP), N,N{prime}-dimethyl-N,N{prime}-dioctylhexylethoxymalonamide (DMDOHEMA), and their mixtures, were investigated by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), vapor pressure osmometry (VPO), and small-angle X-ray and neutron scattering (SAXS and SANS). The objective of the study was to probe the formation of mixed HDHP-DMDOHEMA species before and after extraction of trivalent lanthanide and actinide (M{sup 3+}) nitrates. The most important species formed by HDHP upon metal extraction has the composition M(DHP){sub 3}(HDHP){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O). These species exist as spherical aggregates of the reverse micelle type with a polar core diameter of -7 {angstrom} and total diameter of -11 to -15 {angstrom}. The aggregation of DMDOHEMA is a progressive phenomenon, with an average aggregation number of -2 in the 0.2 to 0.6 M range and larger aggregates forming at higher concentrations. The metal loaded DMDOHEMA aggregates can be considered as interacting spheres with a polar core diameter between -11 and -16 {angstrom}, depending on composition, a total diameter of up to -25 {angstrom}, and a weight-average aggregation number of -9. The results obtained in this work provide strong evidence for the formation of mixed aggregates when mixtures of HDHP and DMDOHEMA are used for the extraction of trivalent Ln and An cations. These mixed reverse micelles have a diameter between 19 and 24 {angstrom} with a polar core diameter of 10 and to 14 {angstrom}. The most recurrent micellar composition is 2 HDHP and either 4 or 5 DMDOHEMA molecules.

Antonio, M. R.; Chiarizia, R.; Gannaz, B.; Berthon, L.; Zorz, N.; Hill, C.; Cote, G.; Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division; CEA-Valrho; Univ. Pierre et Marie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

IEA World Energy Outlook | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IEA World Energy Outlook IEA World Energy Outlook Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: IEA World Energy Outlook Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Conventional Energy, Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Market analysis, Technology characterizations References: World Energy Outlook[1] The 2010 "edition of the World Energy Outlook - the International Energy Agency's flagship publication and leading source of analysis of global energy trends - presents updated projections of energy demand, production, trade and investment, fuel by fuel and region by region to 2035. WEO-2010 includes, for the first time, the result of a new scenario that takes account of the recent commitments that governments have made to

413

Solar and Wind Energy Utilization and Project Development Scenarios |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utilization and Project Development Scenarios Utilization and Project Development Scenarios Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Solar and wind energy resources in Ethiopia have not been given due attention in the past. Some of the primary reasons for under consideration of these resources are lack of awareness of their potential in the country, the role they can have in the overall energy mix and the social benefits associated with them. Knowledge of the exploitable potential of these resources and identification of potential regions for development will help energy planners and developers to incorporate these resources as alternative means of supplying energy by conducting a more accurate techno-economic analysis which leads to more realistic economic projections. (Purpose): The ultimate objective of this study is to produce a document that comprises country background information on solar and wind energy utilization and project scenarios which present solar and wind energy investment opportunities to investors and decision makers. It is an integrated study with specific objectives of resource documentation including analysis of barriers and policies, identification of potential areas for technology promotion, and nationwide aggregation of potentials and benefits of the resource. The

414

Residential Energy Efficiency Tax Credit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Energy Efficiency Tax Credit Residential Energy Efficiency Tax Credit Residential Energy Efficiency Tax Credit < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heat Pumps Insulation Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Bioenergy Maximum Rebate For purchases made in 2011, 2012, and 2013: Aggregate amount of credit is limited to $500. Taxpayer is ineligible for this tax credit if this credit has already been claimed by the taxpayer in an amount of $500 in any previous year. For purchases made in 2009 or 2010: Aggregate amount of credit for all technologies placed in service in 2009 and 2010 combined is limited to

415

Residential Energy Efficiency Tax Credit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Tax Credit Energy Efficiency Tax Credit Residential Energy Efficiency Tax Credit < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Home Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Cooling Heating Maximum Rebate For purchases made in 2011, 2012, and 2013: Aggregate amount of credit is limited to $500. Taxpayer is ineligible for this tax credit if this credit has already been claimed by the taxpayer in an amount of $500 in any previous year. For purchases made in 2009 or 2010: Aggregate amount of credit for all technologies placed in service in 2009 and 2010 combined is limited to $1,500 Program Info Program Type Personal Tax Credit Rebate Amount Purchases made in 2011, 2012, or 2013: Varies (see below) Provider U.S. Internal Revenue Service

416

Energy Sources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

July 20, 2011 July 20, 2011 Today's Forecast: Improved Wind Predictions Accurate weather forecasts are critical for making energy sources -- including wind and solar -- dependable and predictable. July 8, 2011 Energy Matters Mailbag This edition of the mailbag tackles follow-up questions from our Energy Matters discussion on breaking our reliance on foreign oil. June 30, 2011 Energy Matters: Our Energy Independence June 22, 2011 Distributed Energy Distributed energy consists of a range of smaller-scale and modular devices designed to provide electricity, and sometimes also thermal energy, in locations close to consumers. They include fossil and renewable energy technologies (e.g., photovoltaic arrays, wind turbines, microturbines, reciprocating engines, fuel cells, combustion turbines, and steam

417

Annual Energy Review 2011 - Released September 2012  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Information Administration Annual Energy Review 2011 37 1 Does not include biofuels that have been blended with petroleum-biofuels are included in "Renewable Energy." 2...

418

Energy Student Ambassador Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Institutions » Energy Student Institutions » Energy Student Ambassador Program Energy Student Ambassador Program Energy Student Ambassadors organize, facilitate, and execute peer-to-peer outreach activities on their college campuses to: Increase knowledge and awareness about the Energy Department and our mission. Increase interest in job opportunities at the Energy Department, especially for underrepresented groups such as minorities and women and girls in STEM fields. Further our energy related outreach, including promotion of energy/environmental conservation, green jobs, and market transformation. Energy Student Ambassadors serve as the primary link between their universities and the Energy Department's latest entry-level job opportunities. Related outreach activities include: Presentations to faculty and staff

419

Alteration of alkali reactive aggregates autoclaved in different alkali solutions and application to alkali-aggregate reaction in concrete (II) expansion and microstructure of concrete microbar  

SciTech Connect

The effect of the type of alkalis on the expansion behavior of concrete microbars containing typical aggregate with alkali-silica reactivity and alkali-carbonate reactivity was studied. The results verified that: (1) at the same molar concentration, sodium has the strongest contribution to expansion due to both ASR and ACR, followed by potassium and lithium; (2) sufficient LiOH can completely suppress expansion due to ASR whereas it can induce expansion due to ACR. It is possible to use the duplex effect of LiOH on ASR and ACR to clarify the ACR contribution when ASR and ACR may coexist. It has been shown that a small amount of dolomite in the fine-grained siliceous Spratt limestone, which has always been used as a reference aggregate for high alkali-silica reactivity, might dedolomitize in alkaline environment and contribute to the expansion. That is to say, Spratt limestone may exhibit both alkali-silica and alkali-carbonate reactivity, although alkali-silica reactivity is predominant. Microstructural study suggested that the mechanism in which lithium controls ASR expansion is mainly due to the favorable formation of lithium-containing less-expansive product around aggregate particles and the protection of the reactive aggregate from further attack by alkalis by the lithium-containing product layer.

Lu Duyou [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, 210009 (China)]. E-mail: duyoulu@njut.edu.cn; Mei Laibao [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, 210009 (China); Xu Zhongzi [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, 210009 (China); Tang Mingshu [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, 5 New Model Road, Nanjing, 210009 (China); Mo Xiangyin [Analysis and Test Central, Nanjing Normal University, 122 Ninghai Road, Nanjing, 210097 (China); Fournier, Benoit [ICON/CANMET, Natural Resources Canada, 405 Rochester Street, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0G1 (Canada)

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

420

Aggregated Purchasing and Workplace Charging Can Drive EV Market...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz with the utility industry's first plug-in electric hybrid drivetrain Class 5 bucket truck at the White House event on November 18, 2014. The...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Mechanism of Algal Aggregation by Bacillus sp. Strain RP1137  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...renewable energy source. Production of fuel from algae is technically feasible but not...sustainably produce fungible liquid fuels. Algae act as self-replicating bioreactors...hurdles to economically producing fuel from algae (5). Algal biomass must be concentrated...

Ryan J. Powell; Russell T. Hill

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

422

Energy Saver | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Save Energy, Save Money Save Energy, Save Money Home Heating Infographic Everything you need to know about home heating, including how heating systems work, the different types on the market and proper maintenance. Read more Fall and Winter Energy-Saving Tips Simple and inexpensive actions can help you save energy and money when the weather is cool. Check out tips for saving energy and money this fall and winter. Read more New PSAs Share Tips for Saving Energy The Energy Department partnered with the Ad Council to create PSAs that offer practical, no-cost actions that both homeowners and renters can take to save money on their energy bills. Read more Energy Efficiency Tax Credits to Consider for 2013 Did you miss the energy efficiency and renewable energy tax credits for 2012? Learn how you can take advantage of them this year.

423

Energy Saver | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Save Energy, Save Money Save Energy, Save Money Home Heating Infographic Everything you need to know about home heating, including how heating systems work, the different types on the market and proper maintenance. Read more Fall and Winter Energy-Saving Tips Simple and inexpensive actions can help you save energy and money when the weather is cool. Check out tips for saving energy and money this fall and winter. Read more New PSAs Share Tips for Saving Energy The Energy Department partnered with the Ad Council to create PSAs that offer practical, no-cost actions that both homeowners and renters can take to save money on their energy bills. Read more Energy Efficiency Tax Credits to Consider for 2013 Did you miss the energy efficiency and renewable energy tax credits for 2012? Learn how you can take advantage of them this year.

424

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Includes $4.5 billion for the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Includes $4.5 billion The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Includes $4.5 billion for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Includes $4.5 billion for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability February 25, 2009 - 4:52pm Addthis President Barack Obama signed into law the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (P.L.111-5). The $787 billion economic recovery package represents the largest and most ambitious effort to stimulate the economy in United States history. The Department of Energy (DOE) will be responsible for implementing over $38 billion of the $787 billion package. Of the DOE total, $4.5 Billion is allotted to the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. As outlined in the legislation, these funds are an investment in a

425

Materializing Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated and informed by perspectives on sustainability and design, this paper draws on a diverse body of scholarly works related to energy and materiality to articulate a perspective on energy-as-materiality and propose a design approach of materializing energy. Three critical themes are presented: the intangibility of energy, the undifferentiatedness of energy, and the availability of energy. Each theme is developed through combination of critical investigation and design exploration, including the development and deployment of several novel design artifacts: Energy Mementos and The Local Energy Lamp. A framework for interacting with energy-as-materiality is proposed involving collecting, keeping, sharing, and activating energy. A number of additional concepts are also introduced, such as energy attachment, energy engagement, energy attunement, local energy and energy meta-data. Our work contributes both a broader, more integrative design perspective on energy and materiality as well as a diversity of more specific concepts and artifacts that may be of service to designers and researchers of interactive systems concerned with sustainability and energy. Author Keywords Sustainability, energy, materiality, design, design theory

James Pierce; Eric Paulos

426

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

renewable energy source and with abundant solar resources inEnergy Generation and Sources 2005 Actual Wind Solar Biomasssources of non- fossil electricity generation including wind, solar, hydro, nuclear and geothermal, renewable energy

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

CA Preschool Energy Efficiency Program | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

CA Preschool Energy Efficiency Program CA Preschool Energy Efficiency Program Describes the California Preschool Energy Efficiency Program, including program rationale, outcomes,...

428

Nuclear Arms Control R&D Consortium includes Los Alamos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Arms Control R&D Consortium includes Los Alamos Nuclear Arms Control R&D Consortium includes Los Alamos A consortium led by the University of Michigan that includes LANL as...

429

Monthly Energy Review  

SciTech Connect

This publication presents an overview of the Energy information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. Two brief ``energy plugs`` (reviews of EIA publications) are included, as well.

NONE

1996-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

430

Recycling of wasted energy : thermal to electrical energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

power plants, solar thermal energy, geothermal energy, oceanpower plants, distributed solar thermal energy, geo/ocean-power plants [59]. Other LGH sources include solar thermal energy, geo-thermal energy, ocean

Lim, Hyuck

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

State energy price and expenditure report 1992  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates individually for the 50 States and the District of Columbia and in aggregate for the United States. The price and expenditure estimates are provided by energy source and economic sector and are published for the years 1970, 1980, and 1985 through 1992. Data for all years, 1970 through 1992, are available on personal computer diskettes.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Energy awareness luncheon and energy seminar  

SciTech Connect

A separate abstract was prepared for each of the following: the luncheon address, energy-growth-freedom by Kenneth A. Randall; the keynote commentary, by F.S. Patton, program chairman; and four current-awareness papers on the future of oil and gas, coal, nuclear energy, and solar energy. In addition, in a section, Speaking of Energy, very brief statements by eight professional engineers on the energy challenge are included. Also, the NSPE position paper on energy policy is included.

None

1980-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

433

Sandia National Laboratories: Renewable Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy hardware. It includes the following capabilities: PV systems evaluations and ... Renewable Energy On November 10, 2010, in Renewable Energy Wind Solar Water Geothermal...

434

Energy Efficiency Indicators Methodology Booklet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by end user while primary energy consumption includes finalof both final and primary energy consumption at the end usecalculate energy consumption in primary terms by adjusting

Sathaye, Jayant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Rapid Aggregation of Biofuel-Producing Algae by the Bacterium Bacillus sp. Strain RP1137  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...from fossil fuels, including crude oil, coal, and natural gas (1). Our energy infrastructure...that these challenges are technical and economic in nature, as the process of creating...JW , MD Johnson and JL Outlaw. 2012. Economic comparison of open pond raceways to photo...

Ryan J. Powell; Russell T. Hill

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

436

CX-004081: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4081: Categorical Exclusion Determination 4081: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004081: Categorical Exclusion Determination Demolition of Building 12-2B CX(s) Applied: B1.23 Date: 09/29/2010 Location(s): Amarillo, Texas Office(s): NNSA-Headquarters, Pantex Site Office The Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration, proposes to demolish Building 12-2B and reduce the Pantex Plant footprint by 3,181 square feet. Project tasks include preparing and approving Planning Documents, removing building furnishings and contents, cutting, capping, and rerouting utilities associated with the structure, reworking/closing masonry wall at door opening, recycling uncontaminated concrete and metal, disposing of waste, and backfilling and restoring the area with standard Number 67, poorly graded, smooth aggregate. The proposed activity site is

437

Quadrennial Energy Review Meeting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

will incorporate distributed energy resources including energy efficiency, demand response and distributed generation, into planning and operations to achieve the optimal...

438

Storage of solar energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A framework is presented for identifying appropriate systems for storage of electrical, mechanical, chemical, and thermal energy in solar energy supply systems. Classification categories include the nature ... su...

Theodore B. Taylor

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

uFLIP: Understanding the Energy Consumption of Flash Devices Matias Bjrling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

uFLIP: Understanding the Energy Consumption of Flash Devices Matias Bjørling IT University Abstract Understanding the energy consumption of flash devices is important for two reasons. First, energy about the energy consumption of flash devices beyond their approximate aggregate consumption (low power

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

440

Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cumulative electricity consumption deficit amounts toper unit of electricity consumption than the overalldata on value added and electricity consumption by sectors

Sathaye, Jayant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Sustainable energy roadmap for Austin : how Austin Energy can optimize its energy efficiency.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This report asks how Austin Energy can optimally operate residential energy efficiency and demand side management programs including demand response measures. Efficient energy use is (more)

Johnston, Andrew Hayden, 1979-

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

DSM savings verification through short-term pre-and-post energy monitoring at 90 facilities  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the DSM impact results obtained from short-term energy measurements performed at sites monitored as part of the Commercial, Industrial and Agricultural (CIA) Retrofit Incentives Evaluation Program sponsored by the Pacific Gas & Electric Company. The DSM measures include those typically found in these sectors; i.e., lighting, motors, irrigation pumps and HVAC modifications. The most important findings from the site measurements are the estimated annual energy and demand savings. Although there may be large differences of projected energy savings for individual sites, when viewed in the aggregate the total energy savings for the program were found to be fairly comparable to engineering estimates. This paper describes the lessons learned from attempting in-situ impact evaluations of DSM savings under both direct and custom rebate approaches. Impact parameters of interest include savings under both direct and custom rebate approaches. Impact parameters of interest include gross first-year savings and load shape impacts. The major method discussed in this paper is short-term before/after field monitoring of affected end-uses; however, the complete impact evaluation method also includes a billing analysis component and a hybrid statistical/engineering model component which relies, in part, on the short-term end-use data.

Misuriello, H.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

443

Microstructured block copolymer surfaces for control of microbe capture and aggregation  

SciTech Connect

The capture and arrangement of surface-associated microbes is influenced by biochemical and physical properties of the substrate. In this report, we develop lectin-functionalized substrates containing patterned, three-dimensional polymeric structures of varied shapes and densities and use these to investigate the effects of topology and spatial confinement on lectin-mediated microbe capture. Films of poly(glycidyl methacrylate)-block-4,4-dimethyl-2-vinylazlactone (PGMA-b-PVDMA) were patterned on silicon surfaces into line or square grid patterns with 5 m wide features and varied edge spacing. The patterned films had three-dimensional geometries with 900 nm film thickness. After surface functionalization with wheat germ agglutinin, the size of Pseudomonas fluorescens aggregates captured was dependent on the pattern dimensions. Line patterns with edge spacing of 5 m or less led to the capture of individual microbes with minimal formation of aggregates, while grid patterns with the same spacing also captured individual microbes with further reduction in aggregation. Both geometries allowed for increases in aggregate size distribution with increased in edge spacing. These engineered surfaces combine spatial confinement with affinity-based microbe capture based on exopolysaccharide content to control the degree of microbe aggregation, and can also be used as a platform to investigate intercellular interactions and biofilm formation in microbial populations of controlled sizes.

Hansen, Ryan R [ORNL] [ORNL; Shubert, Katherine R [ORNL] [ORNL; Morrell, Jennifer L. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Lokitz, Bradley S [ORNL] [ORNL; Doktycz, Mitchel John [ORNL] [ORNL; Retterer, Scott T [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Benchmarking of energy time series  

SciTech Connect

Benchmarking consists of the adjustment of time series data from one source in order to achieve agreement with similar data from a second source. The data from the latter source are referred to as the benchmark(s), and often differ in that they are observed at a lower frequency, represent a higher level of temporal aggregation, and/or are considered to be of greater accuracy. This report provides an extensive survey of benchmarking procedures which have appeared in the statistical literature, and reviews specific benchmarking procedures currently used by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The literature survey includes a technical summary of the major benchmarking methods and their statistical properties. Factors influencing the choice and application of particular techniques are described and the impact of benchmark accuracy is discussed. EIA applications and procedures are reviewed and evaluated for residential natural gas deliveries series and coal production series. It is found that the current method of adjusting the natural gas series is consistent with the behavior of the series and the methods used in obtaining the initial data. As a result, no change is recommended. For the coal production series, a staged approach based on a first differencing technique is recommended over the current procedure. A comparison of the adjustments produced by the two methods is made for the 1987 Indiana coal production series. 32 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Williamson, M.A.

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy scenarios to explore alternative energy pathways indo not include the alternative energy pathways (such asmodeling to investigate alternative energy supply strategies

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

McDonnell Academy Global Energy and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Solar Energy, Clean Coal Combustion, Distributed Energy Production, Integrated Assessment, Energy include those for clean coal utilization; aerosol science and engineering; energy and environmental issues

Subramanian, Venkat

447

Healthcare Energy Efficiency Research and Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sources include energy audits and assessments conducted forsystem as part of the energy audit service that they provideunits - Energy bills - Energy audits Applicability of data :

Lanzisera,, Judy Lai, Steven M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Wind Energy Markets, 2. edition  

SciTech Connect

The report provides an overview of the global market for wind energy, including a concise look at wind energy development in key markets including installations, government incentives, and market trends. Topics covered include: an overview of wind energy including the history of wind energy production and the current market for wind energy; key business drivers of the wind energy market; barriers to the growth of wind energy; key wind energy trends and recent developments; the economics of wind energy, including cost, revenue, and government subsidy components; regional and national analyses of major wind energy markets; and, profiles of key wind turbine manufacturers.

NONE

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

449

The Energy Information Administration is proposing the following revisions to their electricity survey forms in 2011:  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Information Administration proposed the following revisions to their electricity Energy Information Administration proposed the following revisions to their electricity survey forms in 2011: F or m E I A -411, " C oor dinated B ulk Power Supply Pr ogr am R epor t." * Change form name to "Coordinated Bulk Power Supply & Demand Program Report;" return to collecting projected reliability data on a 10-year basis as opposed to 5 years. Change "Council" to "Regional Entity" and add submission of Sub-regional level breakout of data. * Return to reporting on capacity and transmission planning for a 10-year horizon, rather than a 5-year horizon. * Adopt the current NERC 2009 Schedule 3 for summer and winter aggregated demand and supply information. Changes are as follows: Demand category additions include

450

2012 CERTS R&M Peer Review - Mapping Energy Futures - Bill Schulze  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mapping Energy Futures: Mapping Energy Futures: The SuperOPF Planning Tool Bill Schulze, Dick Schuler, Ray Zimmerman, Dan Shawhan, John Taber, Jubo Yan, Andy Kindle PSERC Existing Planning Tools * Are either very detailed but do not optimize investment over the planning region or * Are highly aggregated using bubbles and pipes (or only a few nodes) to represent the network * Don't include environmental modeling PSERC SuperOPF Planning Tool Uses three network reductions (for the EI, ERCOT and WECC) from Dan Tylavsky to cover the entire nation. These reductions retain all high voltage lines of 230 KV and above. PSERC Features * Investment in new generation * Retirement of old generation * Emissions of CO2, NOX and SO2 * Atmospheric modeling of fine particulates and

451

Energy Recovery Council (ERC) Wast to Energy (WTE) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Recovery Council (ERC) Wast to Energy (WTE) Energy Recovery Council (ERC) Wast to Energy (WTE) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Recovery Council (ERC) Wast to Energy (WTE) Agency/Company /Organization: Energy Recovery Council (ERC) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Biomass, - Waste to Energy Phase: Create a Vision Resource Type: Dataset, Publications, Guide/manual User Interface: Website Website: www.wte.org/ Cost: Free The Energy Recovery Council is a national trade organization representing the waste-to-energy industry and communities that own waste-to-energy facilities. Overview The Energy Recovery Council is a national trade organization representing the waste-to-energy industry and communities that own waste-to-energy facilities. The website includes information on waste-to-energy basics

452

Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) - U.S. Energy Information  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

RECS Terminology RECS Terminology A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ A Account Classification: The method in which suppliers of electricity, natural gas, or fuel oil classify and bill their customers. Commonly used account classifications are "Commercial," "Industrial," "Residential," and "Other" Suppliers' definitions of these terms vary from supplier to supplier and from the definitions used in the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS). In addition, the same customer may be classified differently by each of its energy suppliers. Adequacy of Insulation: The respondent's perception of the adequacy of the housing unit's insulation. Aggregate Ratio: The ratio of two population aggregates (totals). For

453

Annual Energy Outlook 2012  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

plants that only produce electricity. 3 Includes electricity generation from fuel cells. 4 Includes non-biogenic municipal waste. The U.S. Energy Information Administration...

454

HIGH-DENSITY CONCRETE WITH CERAMIC AGGREGATE BASED ON DEPLETED URANIUM DIOXIDE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DENSITY CONCRETE WITH CERAMIC AGGREGATE BASED ON DEPLETED URANIUM DENSITY CONCRETE WITH CERAMIC AGGREGATE BASED ON DEPLETED URANIUM DIOXIDE S.G. Ermichev, V.I. Shapovalov, N.V.Sviridov (RFNC-VNIIEF, Sarov, Russia) V.K. Orlov, V.M. Sergeev, A. G. Semyenov, A.M. Visik, A.A. Maslov, A. V. Demin, D.D. Petrov, V.V. Noskov, V. I. Sorokin, O. I. Uferov (VNIINM, Moscow, Russia) L. Dole (ORNL, Oak Ridge, USA) Abstract - Russia is researching the production and testing of concretes with ceramic aggregate based on depleted uranium dioxide (UO 2 ). These DU concretes are to be used as structural and radiation-shielded material for casks for A-plant spent nuclear fuel transportation and storage. This paper presents the results of studies aimed at selection of ceramics and concrete composition, justification of their production technology, investigation of mechanical properties, and chemical stability.

455

Aggregated TiO2 Based Nanotubes for Dye Sensitized Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect

One-dimensional (1D) semiconducting oxides have attracted great attention for dye sensitized solar cells (DSCs), but the overall performance is still quite limited as compared to TiO2 nanocrystalline DSCs. Here, we report the synthesis of aggregated TiO2 based nanotubes with controlled morphologies and crystalline structures to obtain an overall power conversion efficiency of 9.9% using conventional dye without any additional chemical treatment steps. The high efficiency is attributed to the unique aggregate structure for light harvesting, optimized high surface area, and good crystallinity of the nanotube aggregates obtained through proper thermal annealing. This study demonstrates that high efficiency DSCs can be obtained with 1D nanomaterials, and provides lessons on the importance of optimizing both the nanocrystalline structure and the overall microscale morphology.

Nie, Zimin; Zhou, Xiaoyuan; Zhang, Qifeng; Cao, Guozhong; Liu, Jun

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

PF-OLA: A High-Performance Framework for Parallel On-Line Aggregation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-line aggregation provides estimates to the final result of a computation during the actual processing. The user can stop the computation as soon as the estimate is accurate enough, typically early in the execution. This allows for the interactive data exploration of the largest datasets. In this paper we introduce the first framework for parallel on-line aggregation in which the estimation does not incur any overhead on top of the actual execution. We define a generic interface to express any estimation model that abstracts completely the execution details. We design a novel estimator specifically targeted at parallel on- line aggregation. When executed by the framework over an 8TB TPC-H instance, the estimator provides accurate confidence bounds early in the execution even when the cardinality of the final result is seven orders of magnitude smaller than the dataset size and without incurring any overhead.

Qin, Chengjie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Stabilizing effect of small concentrations of PAMAM dendrimers at the insulin aggregation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Dendrimers action on proteins and peptides has a dual and controversial character. On one hand, they dissolve prion protein and amyloid fibrils aggregates, which are otherwise only soluble in solvents containing both detergents and high denaturant concentrations. On the other hand they are able to destabilize proteins in generation dependent manner. In present work we estimated the influence of small concentrations (up to 1.4?g/ml) of cationic, neutral and anionic poly(amidoamine) dendrimers of 3rd and 4th generations on dithiotreitol induced aggregation of insulin. It was found that cationic dendrimers decreased the insulin aggregation, while anionic and neutral ones did not. At the same time, destabilizing effect of dendrimers on insulin structure was not observed. The conclusion was made that small concentrations of dendrimers can be applied to prevent or decrease the formation of misfolded structures of protein.

Olga Nowacka; Dzmitry Shcharbin; Barbara Klajnert-Maculewicz; Maria Bryszewska

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Aggregation of dialkyl-substituted diphosphonic acids and its effect on metal ion extraction.  

SciTech Connect

Solvent extraction reagents containing the diphosphonic acid group exhibit an extraordinary affinity for tri-, tetra- and hexavalent actinides. Their use has been considered for actinide separation and pre-concentration procedures. Solvent extraction data obtained with P,P{prime}-di(2-ethylhexyl) methane-, ethane- and butanediphosphonic acids exhibit features that are difficult to explain without Knowledge of the aggregation state of the extractants. Information about the aggregation of the dialkyl-substituted diphosphonic acids in aromatic diluents has been obtained using the complementary techniques of vapor pressure osmometry (VPO), small angle neutron scattering (SANS), infrared spectroscopy and molecular mechanics. The results from these techniques provide an understanding of the aggregation behavior of these extractants that is fully compatible with the solvent extraction data. The most important results and their relevance to solvent extraction are reviewed in this paper.

Chiarizia, R.; Barrans, R. E., Jr.; Ferraro, J. R. Herlinger, A. W.; McAlister, D. R.

1999-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

459

EA-1449: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1449: Finding of No Significant Impact Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash, King George County, Virgina The DOE has prepared an Environmental Assessment to analyze the potential environmental consequences of participating in a cooperative agreement with Universal Aggregates, LLC, for the design, construction, and operation of a plant to manufacture lightweight aggregates. Finding of No Significant Impact Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash More Documents & Publications EA-1449: Final Environmental Assessment Special Environmental Analysis For Actions Taken under U.S. Department of Energy Emergency Orders Regarding Operation of the Potomac River Generating

460

Method for the production of cementitious compositions and aggregate derivatives from said compositions, and cementitious compositions and aggregates produced thereby  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a method for preparing synthetic shaped cementitious compositions having high quality even without the addition of high energy binders, such as portland cement, through the use of the spent residue from a fluidized combustion bed of the type wherein limestone particles are suspended in a fluidized medium and sulfur oxides are captured, and pulverized coal fly ash.

Minnick, L. John (Box 271, Plymouth Meeting, PA 19462)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Definition: Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Energy Broadly defined as the capacity to do work. There are many forms of energy, including: chemical, electrical, gravitational, mechanical, nuclear, radiant, and thermal energy. The official SI unit for energy is the joule (J); energy can also be measured in calories or British thermal units (Btu).[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In physics, energy is a conserved extensive property of a physical system, which cannot be observed directly but can be calculated from its state. Energy is of central importance in physics. It is impossible to give a comprehensive definition of energy because of the many forms it may take, but the most common definition is that it is the capacity of a system to perform work. The definition of work in physics is the movement of a force

462

Renewable Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Jump to: navigation, search This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Renewable Energy is energy obtained from sources which are practically inexhaustible.[1] Prominent examples include solar energy, wind energy, and geothermal energy. The table below lists some of the conversion technologies that are used to harness the energy from these resources[2] . Renewable Resource Energy Conversion Technology Biomass, solid fuels Combustion (direct-fired, cofiring with coal); Gasification/Pyrolysis Biomass, gas and liquid fuels Fuel Cells Geothermal Dry steam electric; Flash electric; Binary cycle electric; Direct use; Geothermal heat pumps Solar Photovoltaics (PV); Concentrating solar thermal electric (parabolic trough, parabolic trough, power tower); Thermal water heating; Absorption chilling

463

Energy Sources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Sources Energy Sources Energy Sources December 12, 2013 AEMC Summit Slideshow: Innovation in the Manufacturing Sector Learn how advanced technologies are helping manufacturers reduce waste, increase productivity and become leaders in the clean energy economy. October 16, 2013 West Penn Power SEF Commercial Loan Program The West Penn Power Sustainable Energy Fund (WPPSEF) promotes the use of renewable energy and clean energy among commercial, industrial, institutional and residential customers in the West Penn market region. Eligible technologies include solar, wind, low-impact hydro, and sustainable biomass such as closed-loop biomass and biomass gasification, as well as energy efficiency. October 16, 2013 UES - Renewable Energy Credit Purchase Program '''''Note: The Arizona Corporation Commission (ACC) is in the process of

464

Energy Sources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

City of Bloomington - Sustainable Development Incentives City of Bloomington - Sustainable Development Incentives The City of Bloomington offers fee waivers and other design incentives for developers that incorporate the city's sustainability goals. The city's four goals include: October 16, 2013 Boulder County - EnergySmart Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Colorado) EnergySmart offers a full suite of energy efficiency services. EnergySmart helps businesses (and homes) identify and implement energy improvements. The "One Stop Shop" aims to reduce the hassles and hurdles associated with improving the energy efficiency and comfort of a home or business by providing an expert Energy Advisor to each participant. The Advisor assists with scheduling an energy assessment, reviewing contractor bids, and

465

Energy-conservation indicators  

SciTech Connect

A series of Energy Conservation Indicators were developed for the Department of Energy to assist in the evaluation of current and proposed conservation strategies. As descriptive statistics that signify current conditions and trends related to efficiency of energy use, indicators provide a way of measuring, monitoring, or inferring actual responses by consumers in markets for energy services. Related sets of indicators are presented in some 30 one-page indicator summaries. Indicators are shown graphically, followed by several paragraphs that explain their derivation and highlight key findings. Indicators are classified according to broad end-use sectors: Aggregate (economy), Residential, Commercial, Industrial, and transportation. In most cases annual time series information is presented covering the period 1960 through 1981.

Belzer, D.B.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Advanced Communication and Control for Distributed Energy Resource Integration: Phase 2 Scientific Report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this research project is to demonstrate sensing, communication, information and control technologies to achieve a seamless integration of multivendor distributed energy resource (DER) units at aggregation levels that meet individual user requirements for facility operations (residential, commercial, industrial, manufacturing, etc.) and further serve as resource options for electric and natural gas utilities. The fully demonstrated DER aggregation system with embodiment of communication and control technologies will lead to real-time, interactive, customer-managed service networks to achieve greater customer value. Work on this Advanced Communication and Control Project (ACCP) consists of a two-phase approach for an integrated demonstration of communication and control technologies to achieve a seamless integration of DER units to reach progressive levels of aggregated power output. Phase I involved design and proof-of-design, and Phase II involves real-world demonstration of the Phase I design architecture. The scope of work for Phase II of this ACCP involves demonstrating the Phase I design architecture in large scale real-world settings while integrating with the operations of one or more electricity supplier feeder lines. The communication and control architectures for integrated demonstration shall encompass combinations of software and hardware components, including: sensors, data acquisition and communication systems, remote monitoring systems, metering (interval revenue, real-time), local and wide area networks, Web-based systems, smart controls, energy management/information systems with control and automation of building energy loads, and demand-response management with integration of real-time market pricing. For Phase II, BPL Global shall demonstrate the Phase I design for integrating and controlling the operation of more than 10 DER units, dispersed at various locations in one or more Independent System Operator (ISO) Control Areas, at an aggregated scale of more than 1 MW, to provide grid support. Actual performance data with respect to each specified function above is to be collected during the Phase II field demonstration. At a minimum, the Phase II demonstration shall span one year of field operations. The demonstration performance will need to be validated by the target customer(s) for acceptance and subsequent implementation. An ISO must be involved in demonstration planning and execution. As part of the Phase II work, BPL Global shall develop a roadmap to commercialization that identifies and quantifies the potential markets for the integrated, aggregated DER systems and for the communication and control technologies demonstrated in Phase I. In addition, the roadmap must identify strategies and actions, as well as the regional and national markets where the aggregated DER systems with communication and control solutions will be introduced, along with a timeline projected for introduction into each identified market. In Phase I of this project, we developed a proof-of-concept ACCP system and architecture and began to test its functionality at real-world sites. These sites had just over 10 MW of DERs and allowed us to identify what needed to be done to commercialize this concept. As a result, we started Phase II by looking at our existing platform and identified its strengths and weaknesses as well as how it would need to evolve for commercialization. During this process, we worked with different stakeholders in the market including: Independent System Operators, DER owners and operators, and electric utility companies to fully understand the issues from all of the different perspectives. Once we had an understanding of the commercialized ACCP system, we began to document and prepare detailed designs of the different system components. The components of the system with the most significant design improvements were: the on-site remote terminal unit, the communication technology between the remote site and the data center, and the scalability and reliability of the data center application.

BPL Global

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

467

Renewable energy annual 1996  

SciTech Connect

This report presents summary data on renewable energy consumption, the status of each of the primary renewable technologies, a profile of each of the associated industries, an analysis of topical issues related to renewable energy, and information on renewable energy projects worldwide. It is the second in a series of annual reports on renewable energy. The renewable energy resources included in the report are biomass (wood and ethanol); municipal solid waste, including waste-to-energy and landfill gas; geothermal; wind; and solar energy, including solar thermal and photovoltaic. The report also includes various appendices and a glossary.

NONE

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Lower-Energy Energy Storage System (LEESS) Evaluation in a Full-Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

The cost of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) (e.g., Toyota Prius or Ford Fusion Hybrid) remains several thousand dollars higher than the cost of comparable conventional vehicles, which has limited HEV market penetration. The battery energy storage device is typically the component with the greatest contribution toward this cost increment, so significant cost reductions/performance improvements to the energy storage system (ESS) can improve the vehicle-level cost-benefit relationship, which would in turn lead to larger HEV market penetration and greater aggregate fuel savings. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) collaborated with a United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) Workgroup to analyze trade-offs between vehicle fuel economy and reducing the minimum energy requirement for power-assist HEVs. NREL's analysis showed that significant fuel savings could still be delivered from an ESS with much lower energy storage than previous targets, which prompted the United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) to issue a new set of lower-energy ESS (LEESS) targets that could be satisfied by a variety of technologies, including high-power batteries or ultracapacitors. NREL has developed an HEV test platform for in-vehicle performance and fuel economy validation testing of the hybrid system using such LEESS devices. This presentation describes development of the vehicle test platform and in-vehicle evaluation results using a lithium-ion capacitor ESS-an asymmetric electrochemical energy storage device possessing one electrode with battery-type characteristics (lithiated graphite) and one with ultracapacitor-type characteristics (carbon). Further efforts include testing other ultracapacitor technologies in the HEV test platform.

Cosgrove, J.; Gonder, J.; Pesaran, A.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Floating mucus aggregates derived from benthic microorganisms on rocky intertidal reefs: Potential as food sources for benthic animals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mucus films, flocs or foams consisting of fine sand, algae and detritus frequently occur in the surface waters of rocky intertidal reef flats during incoming tide. These masses are referred to as mucus aggregates. We examined the developmental process of mucus aggregates and their abundance, distribution, migration and trophic composition. The trophic composition of mucus aggregates was then compared to those of sediments to evaluate their potential nutritional value for benthic animals. The organic matter content, chlorophyll a concentration, microalgal density and bacteria-derived fatty acid contents of mucus aggregates were higher than those observed in sediment, suggesting that mucus aggregates contain not only high levels of organic matter but also dense concentrations of microalgae and bacteria; therefore, mucus aggregates may serve as a qualitatively more energetic food source for benthic fauna compared to sediments. Benthic diatoms were the most abundant organisms in mucus aggregates. Large numbers of diatoms were trapped in fine mineral particles and mucilage-like strings, suggesting that a portion of the mucus is secreted by these benthic microalgae. Mucus aggregate accounted for only 0.013.9% of the daily feeding requirements of the dominant detritivore, Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) over the entire sampling area. In contrast, for the species population on the back reef, where mucus aggregates ultimately accumulate, mucus aggregates provided from 0.4 to 113.3% of food for this species. These results suggest that mucus aggregate availability varies spatiotemporally and that they do not always provide adequate food sources for O.scolopendrina populations.

Y. Tamura; M. Tsuchiya

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Fossil Energy FY 2009 Budget  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Fossil Energy's FY 2009 budget, including request, House and Senate marks, and Omnibus appropriation.

471

Recycling of wasted energy : thermal to electrical energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Other LGH sources include solar thermal energy, geo-thermalThe heat source can be solar thermal energy, biologicalsources include the coolants in coal and nuclear power plants, solar thermal energy,

Lim, Hyuck

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Other Geothermal Energy Publications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you'll find links to other organization's publications including technical reports, newsletters, brochures, and more about geothermal energy.

473

Ocean Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Some of these technologies are taking off from very low power capacities, although with an intense activity....4, 5] including La Rance tidal power station calculate a capacity of ocean energy facilities worldwid...

Ricardo Guerrero-Lemus; Jos Manuel Martnez-Duart

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Energy Conservation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...use of common district heating. total energy...nuclear reactors, geothermal sources, cryogenic...the long run. Geothermal power already...fuel) include district heating for nearby resi-dential...conditioning, water heating, steam gen-eration...

G. A. Lincoln

1973-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

475

DTT Energy Reduction Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DuPont Titanium Technologies has developed a sustainable growth strategy that includes an initiative focused on improving energy efficiency. The energy efficiency initiative is a disciplined approach that began with creation of an Energy...

Heinrich, C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

A Dynamic Programming Algorithm for RNA Structure Prediction Including Pseudoknots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

minimum energy structure for a single RNA sequence, using standard RNA folding thermodynamic parameters algorithm to be able to fold optimal (minimum energy) pseudoknotted RNAs with the accepted RNA thermodynamic, particularly pairs which covary to maintain Watson-Crick complementarity, are indicative of conserved base

Eddy, Sean

477

A dynamic programming algorithm for RNA structure prediction including pseudoknots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ ates the optimal minimum energy structure for a single RNA sequence, using standard RNA folding this is the first algorithm to be able to fold optimal (minimum energy) pseudoknotted RNAs with the accepted RNA­Crick complementarity, are indicative of conserved base pairing interactions. The accepted secondary structures of most

Eddy, Sean

478

NREL/Ventyx Utility Rates: What is included? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL/Ventyx Utility Rates: What is included? NREL/Ventyx Utility Rates: What is included? Home > Groups > Utility Rate Does anyone know what pieces of electric rates are included in the NREL/Ventyx database of rates by utility, i.e. is it supply only or does the file include supply, transmission & distribution costs? Thanks! Submitted by Vbugnion on 27 February, 2013 - 16:25 1 answer Points: 1 Hi Vbugnion, Just to clarify, you're not asking about the OpenEI utility rates, but rather the Ventyx rates found here: http://developer.nrel.gov/doc/api/georeserv/service/utility_rates If so, then the Ventyx rates do include all bundled rates (which includes supply, trans, and distr costs). However, there's a small but non-zero possibility that a few energy-only or delivery-only rates may not have been cleaned

479

DOE Order 440. 1 B: Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including NNSA)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0. 1 B: Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including 0. 1 B: Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including NNSA) Federal Employees DOE Order 440. 1 B: Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including NNSA) Federal Employees Stakeholders: DOE and NNSA employees Scope: DOE Order 440.1 B establishes the framework for an effective worker protection program that will reduce or prevent injuries, illnesses, and accidental losses by providing Department of Energy, including National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Federal workers with a safe and healthful workplace. Summary: Among the requirements of DOE Order 440.1 B, the Department must provide its employees, including NNSA, a number of protections relating to whistle blowing guidelines. The relevant section of requirements includes: 4. REQUIREMENTS. DOE elements must:

480

Landscaping for energy efficiency  

SciTech Connect

This publication by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory addresses the use of landscaping for energy efficiency. The topics of the publication include minimizing energy expenses; landscaping for a cleaner environment; climate, site, and design considerations; planning landscape; and selecting and planting trees and shrubs. A source list for more information on landscaping for energy efficiency and a reading list are included.

NONE

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

end-use Residential primary energy consumption was 6.6 EJ inof primary energy. Primary energy consumption includes final14 Residential Primary Energy Consumption by Fuel (with

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Unsupervised Rank Aggregation with Domain-Specific Expertise Alexandre Klementiev, Dan Roth, Kevin Small, and Ivan Titov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unsupervised Rank Aggregation with Domain-Specific Expertise Alexandre Klementiev, Dan Roth, Kevin of judges is re- peatedly asked to (partially) rank sets of objects according to given criteria, and assume that the judges' expertise depends on the objects' domain. Learning to aggregate their rankings with the goal

Titov, Ivan

483

Synchrotron 3D microtomography of halite aggregates during experimental pressure solution creep and evolution of the permeability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synchrotron 3D microtomography of halite aggregates during experimental pressure solution creep and permeability variations in the upper crust. The three- dimensional geometry of the porous network of halite), Synchrotron 3D microtomography of halite aggregates during experimental pressure solution creep and evolution

484

Wind Aggregation Via Risky Power Markets Yue Zhao, Member, IEEE, Junjie Qin, Student Member, IEEE, Ram Rajagopal, Member, IEEE,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.g., Cali- fornia and parts of Europe) is to take all wind power generation into the system as negative load1 Wind Aggregation Via Risky Power Markets Yue Zhao, Member, IEEE, Junjie Qin, Student Member, IEEE Abstract--Aggregation of diverse wind power sources can effectively reduce their uncertainty, and hence

Zhao, Yue

485

Biomimetic growth of strontium oxalate aggregates with unusual morphologies in the presence of poly(methacrylic acid)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paper Biomimetic growth of strontium oxalate aggregates with unusual morphologies in the presence-like strontium oxalate dihydrate (SOD) crystals. The formation of the unusual aggregated structures showed fractal structures.20 In the present work, we investigated the crystallization of strontium

Qi, Limin

486

Optics, Acoustics and Stress in Situ (OASIS): Effects of Aggregation, Vertical Structure, and Relation to Physical Forcing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optics, Acoustics and Stress in Situ (OASIS): Effects of Aggregation, Vertical Structure. Arlington, VA 22203-1995 TITLE: Optics, Acoustics and Stress in Situ (OASIS): Effects of Aggregation of Research and Sponsored Programs #12;Abstract Nearbed optical and acoustical properties in coastal waters

Boss, Emmanuel S.

487

Quantify shape, angularity and surface texture of aggregates using image analysis and study their effect on performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and are analyzed with the help of the aggregate imaging system "AIMS". The aim is to measure surface properties of both coarse and fine aggregates and relate these properties to performance. In addition, AIMS shape analysis results are compared to other physical...

Sukhwani, Rajni

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

488

Measuring Changes in Energy Efficiency for the Annual Energy Outlook 2002  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Changes in Energy Efficiency Changes in Energy Efficiency for the Annual Energy Outlook 2002 by Steven H. Wade This paper describes the construction of an aggregate energy efficiency index based on projections of sectoral and subsector energy consumption and subsector-specific energy service indicators. The results are compared with the ratio energy to real gross domestic product, which typically is pre- sented as a measure of energy intensity. Introduction Energy efficiency and conservation are currently impor- tant components of the debate about the direction of future energy policy. Measuring the actual energy effi- ciency of the U.S. economy is a daunting task because of the immense data requirements for a proper calculation. Appropriate data are difficult to obtain, and as a result historical descriptions of the economy usually are sum- marized in two energy intensity measures: (1) energy

489

Reduced-Order Modeling of Aggregated Thermostatic Loads With Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reduced-Order Modeling of Aggregated Thermostatic Loads With Demand Response Wei Zhang, Jianming Lian, Chin-Yao Chang, Karanjit Kalsi and Yannan Sun Abstract-- Demand Response is playing population of appliances under demand response is especially important to evaluate the effec- tiveness

Zhang, Wei

490

Aggregated Modeling and Control of Air Conditioning Loads for Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Aggregated Modeling and Control of Air Conditioning Loads for Demand Response Wei Zhang, Member, IEEE Abstract--Demand response is playing an increasingly impor- tant role in the efficient loads is especially important to evaluate the effec- tiveness of various demand response strategies

Zhang, Wei

491

The Application of Sustainable Development Principles to the Alberta Aggregates Resource Sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...denial of access to these near-market resources not only brings economic...aggregate resources close to market, conflict commonly arises between...limit access to valuable near-market resources. In this way, the...perception of such risk), and diesel particulate emissions and exhaust...

JEREMY RICHARDS; DON PEEL

492

International Patenting at the European Patent Office (EPO): Aggregate and Sectoral Filings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Patenting at the European Patent Office (EPO): Aggregate and Sectoral Filings Walter families. The study finds that research and development (R&D), patent protection levels, and patent filing Appendix 87 References 89 Tables 1 - 30 93 #12;2 Introduction Nations trade and invest physical capital

Lansky, Joshua

493

In vitro analysis of aggregation-disaggregation of the folding intermediate of Bacillus subtilis -amylase  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in vivo. Keywords: Alpha-amylase, Bacillus subtilis protein secretion, aggregation-disaggregation, folding -amylase A. COLOMER-PALLAS, M.-F. PETIT-GLATRON and R. CHAMBERT* Institut Jacques Monod, Laboratoire chloride; FTIR, Fourier transform infrared; ATR, attenuated total reflexion Proteins and enzymes: -amylase

Boyer, Edmond

494

A Study on Crosstalk Analysis in Aggregative Transmission Lines with Turning Vias Tapobrata Bandyopadhyay1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Study on Crosstalk Analysis in Aggregative Transmission Lines with Turning Vias Tapobrata and signal integrity in high-speed signal channels is extremely important. Transmission lines and vias transmission lines (4 mil width) of different lengths arranged in bundles. The eight transmission line bundles

Swaminathan, Madhavan

495

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption Martin Sommer, the sensitiv- ity of consumption to predicted income can be largely reinterpreted as a sluggish response to news. Moreover, the sensitivity of consumption to sen- timent reects the serial correlation

Niebur, Ernst

496

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption Martin Sommer utility: the sensitivity of consumption to lagged consumer sentiment, and to predictable changes in current income. I show that in a habit formation model, the sensitiv- ity of consumption growth

Niebur, Ernst

497

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Habits, Sentiment and Predictable Income in the Dynamics of Aggregate Consumption Martin Sommer, the sensi- tivity of consumption to predicted income can be largely reinterpreted as a sluggish response to news. Moreover, the sensitivity of consumption to sentiment reflects the serial correlation

Niebur, Ernst

498

A discrete cell model with adaptive signalling for aggregation of Dictyostelium discoideum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...figure 16. One observes several local mini-aggregates that display normal morphology...interpola- tion of cAMP back and forth from grid to cells. Sec- ondly, it is known that...density. Because the streams form along the grid lines first and display none of the branching...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Distribution of a Population of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii among Different Size Classes of Soil Aggregates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...from 5 to 77 times greater than the populations...corresponding aggregate size classes of the fallow and...to 2.0-mm size class of the legume treatment...contained a significantly greater density of AR18 than the size classes of 0.25, 0.25...

Ieda C. Mendes; Peter J. Bottomley

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Role of algal aggregation in vertical carbon export during SOIREE and in other low biomass environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Role of algal aggregation in vertical carbon export during SOIREE and in other low biomass induced an increase in phytoplankton biomass, but do not necessarily trigger increases in carbon export particles via coagulation. We demonstrate that in low biomass regions, where concentrations do not reach

Jackson, George