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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Teichert Aggregates | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Teichert Aggregates Teichert Aggregates Jump to: navigation, search Name Teichert Aggregates Facility Teichert Aggregates Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Teichert Aggregates Developer Foundation Windpower Energy Purchaser Teichert Aggregates Location South of Tracy CA Coordinates 37.616169°, -121.356236° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.616169,"lon":-121.356236,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

2

Public Sector Energy Efficiency Aggregation Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Public Sector Energy Efficiency Aggregation Program Public Sector Energy Efficiency Aggregation Program Public Sector Energy Efficiency Aggregation Program < Back Eligibility Fed. Government Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Other Maximum Rebate $4,000,000 Program Info Expiration Date 3/22/2013 State Illinois Program Type State Grant Program Rebate Amount $500,000-$4,000,000 Provider Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity The Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity (DCEO) administers the Illinois Energy Now programs, including the Public Sector Energy Efficiency Aggregation Program. The program will allow public sector participants to combine energy efficiency projects in order to simplify the application process and implement projects that might otherwise be

3

Aggregated Purchasing - A Clean Energy Strategy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A number of organizations, including municipalities, state and federal agencies, businesses and even religious organizations are leading the way to a renewable energy future by using their collective buying power to purchase green power. The city of Chicago has formed an alliance with 47 other local government agencies to increase their reliance on clean energy sources. As part of this effort, Chicago has installed solar electric systems on a number of the city's buildings, including the Chicago Center for Green Technology shown here. City of Chicago Aggregated Purchasing-A Clean Energy Strategy SOLAR TODAY Aggregated Purchasing-A Clean Energy Strategy by Lori A. Bird and Edward A. Holt November/December 2002 35 Power generated from renewable resources, also known as "green" power, is

4

Illinois Solar Energy Association - Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Illinois Solar Energy Association - Renewable Energy Credit Illinois Solar Energy Association - Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation Program Illinois Solar Energy Association - Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate $105/MWh) Program Info Start Date 01/01/2010 State Illinois Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount $105/MWh '''''RECAP is not currently accepting applications. The most recent solicitation closed April 30th, 2013. Check the program web site for information regarding future solicitations. ''''' The Illinois Solar Energy Association offers the Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation Program (RECAP) to Illinois solar photovoltaic (PV) system

5

Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Petroleum > Analysis > Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) ...

6

Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) Impacts

7

An Aggregation Tree Constructing Algorithm Based on Energy Consumption Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper first gives an analysis of Data Aggregation and Data Compression based on the energy consumption of sensor nodes, after which an approach is proposed to construct an aggregation tree in the case of non-perfect aggregation since GIT considers ...

Dayang Sun; Yanheng Liu; Aimin Wang

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Small Generator Aggregation (Maine) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Generator Aggregation (Maine) Generator Aggregation (Maine) Small Generator Aggregation (Maine) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Green Power Purchasing Provider Public Utilities Commission This section establishes requirements for electricity providers to purchase

9

Municipal Aggregation and Retail Competition in the Ohio Energy Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ohio allows communities to vote to aggregate the loads of individual consumers (unless they opt out) in order to seek a competitive energy supplier. Over 200 communities have voted to do this for electricity. By 2004 residential switching reached 69 % in Cleveland territory (95 % from municipal aggregation) but by 2006 had fallen to 8%. Savings are now small, but customer acquisition costs are low and the cost to consumers is negligible. Aggregation and retail competition have been thwarted by Rate Stabilization Plans holding incumbent utility prices below cost since 2006. In the Ohio gas sector, rate regulation has not discouraged aggregation and competition, but market prices falling below municipally negotiated rates can be politically embarrassing. How municipal aggregation would fare against individual choice in a market conducive to retail competition is an open question, but the policy deserves consideration elsewhere.

Stephen Littlechild; Stephen Littlechild

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Econometric Estimation of the Aggregate Impacts of Energy Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Econometric Estimation of the Aggregate Impacts of Energy Efficiency Econometric Estimation of the Aggregate Impacts of Energy Efficiency Programs: Report on a California Pilot Study Speaker(s): Marvin J. Horowitz Date: February 26, 2013 - 2:00pm Location: 90-3075 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Alan Sanstad The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) recently funded a study in which local area aggregated electricity and natural gas consumption in California from 2006 through 2010 were analyzed econometrically. Data were available to estimate electricity energy efficiency program impacts for two of the three large California investor-owned utilities. The findings indicate that net savings from these programs for the 2006-2010 period amounted to 11,391 GWh, or 7.3 percent of annual electricity consumption. This point estimate is 50 percent higher than the CPUC

11

Incorporating Aggregated PV Systems into the Power Grid | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incorporating Aggregated PV Systems into the Power Grid Incorporating Aggregated PV Systems into the Power Grid Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.gwec.net/index.php?id=131 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/spain-installed-wind-capacity-website Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Feed-in Tariffs This website presents an overview of total installed wind energy capacity in Spain per year from 2000 to 2010. The page also presents the main market developments from 2010; a policy summary; a discussion of the revision in feed-in tariffs in 2010; and a future market outlook. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Incorporating_Aggregated_PV_Systems_into_the_Power_Grid&oldid=514463

12

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy: a background text. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect

Some of the most common forms of renewable energy are presented in this textbook for students. The topics include solar energy, wind power hydroelectric power, biomass ocean thermal energy, and tidal and geothermal energy. The main emphasis of the text is on the sun and the solar energy that it yields. Discussions on the sun's composition and the relationship between the earth, sun and atmosphere are provided. Insolation, active and passive solar systems, and solar collectors are the subtopics included under solar energy. (BCS)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy: a background text. [Includes glossary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Some of the most common forms of renewable energy are presented in this textbook for students. The topics include solar energy, wind power hydroelectric power, biomass ocean thermal energy, and tidal and geothermal energy. The main emphasis of the text is on the sun and the solar energy that it yields. Discussions on the sun's composition and the relationship between the earth, sun and atmosphere are provided. Insolation, active and passive solar systems, and solar collectors are the subtopics included under solar energy. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Energy-saving lighting systems. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect

Artificial lighting accounts for 20% of electrical energy, 7.6% of total energy, and 3.8% of total fuel in the US. Because conserving lighting energy can reduce operating costs as well as save energy, this book explores several practical ways to do that. The book first describes the complete range of light sources and their accessories, then goes on to cover photometric reports, techniques of lighting design, fluorescent luminaires, industrial lighting systems, manual and automatic lighting controls, the impact of air-conditioning on lighting systems, and exterior lighting. A glossary of lighting terminology, conversion tables, and recommended illumination levels appear in the appendix. The book is designed for students and practicity lighting engineers and designers. 56 references, 169 figures, 45 tables. (DCK)

Sorcar, P.C.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Efficient Fster energy transfer : from phosphorescent organic molecules to J-aggregate thin film  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis demonstrates the first ever use of Forster resonance energy transfer (FRET) to increase the quantum efficiency of a electrically pumped J-aggregate light emitting device (JLED). J-aggregate thin films are highly ...

Shirasaki, Yasuhiro

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Fuel choice and aggregate energy demand in the commercial sector  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a fuel choice and aggregate-demand model of energy use in the commercial sector of the United States. The model structure is dynamic with short-run fuel-price responses estimated to be close to those of the residential sector. Of the three fuels analyzed, electricity consumption exhibits a greater response to its own price than either natural gas or fuel oil. In addition, electricity price increases have the largest effect on end-use energy conservation in the commercial sector. An improved commercial energy-use data base is developed which removes the residential portion of electricity and natural gas use that traditional energy-consumption data sources assign to the commercial sector. In addition, household and commercial petroleum use is differentiated on a state-by-state basis.

Cohn, S.

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Solar Energy Education. Reader, Part II. Sun story. [Includes glossary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Magazine articles which focus on the subject of solar energy are presented. The booklet prepared is the second of a four part series of the Solar Energy Reader. Excerpts from the magazines include the history of solar energy, mythology and tales, and selected poetry on the sun. A glossary of energy related terms is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Municipal Aggregation and Retail Competition in the Ohio Energy Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& Electric (CG&E), now Duke Energy (Ohio) 0.7m Dayton Power and Light (DP&L) 0.5m. There are also 25 rural electric companies (or co-ops), serving nearly 0.4m customers.15 Senate Bill 3, signed into law in 1999, provided for the market to open... communities Actual number of aggregating communities Ratio Actual to Proportionate Average low income electricity bill 2002 First Energy CEI 0.7 31 104 3.35 $77 OE 1.1 49 65 1.33 $67 TE 0.3 13 14 1.08 CGE/Duke 0.7 31 8 0.26 $52...

Littlechild, Stephen C

19

Using Misbehavior to Analyze Strategic versus Aggregate Energy Minimization in Wireless  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their transmission powers to minimize the aggregate energy expenditure. Our analysis of these models yields insightsUsing Misbehavior to Analyze Strategic versus Aggregate Energy Minimization in Wireless Sensor of the prob- lem of energy misbehavior and develop an analytical frame- work for quantifying its impact

Wei, Shuangqing

20

Including Retro-Commissioning in Federal Energy Savings Performance...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

11.2 Retro-Cx in Federal ESPCs Including Retro-Commissioning In Federal Energy Saving Performance Contracts Retro-commissioning generally reduces operating and maintenance costs,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Econometric Estimation of the Aggregate Impacts of Energy Efficiency...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) recently funded a study in which local area aggregated electricity and natural gas consumption in California from 2006 through 2010 were analyzed...

22

Integrating Renewable Energy Contracts and Wholesale Dynamic Pricing to Serve Aggregate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Integrating Renewable Energy Contracts and Wholesale Dynamic Pricing to Serve Aggregate Flexible batteries, with renewable energy resources. We formulate a stochastic optimal control problem that describes and the degree to which the aggregator can respond to dynamic pricing. Index Terms--Dynamic pricing, renewable

Oren, Shmuel S.

23

Free Energy Efficiency Kit includes CFL light bulbs,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free Energy Efficiency Kit Kit includes CFL light bulbs, spray foam, low-flow shower head, and more i ci e n cy On Thursday, March 31st New River Light & Power will sponsor a seminar that is designed

Rose, Annkatrin

24

Nanocrystal/J-aggregate constructs : chemistry, energy transfer, and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The interaction of light with matter is one of the most central subjects to modern chemistry. Two types of materials, semiconductor nanocrystals and J-aggregates of cyanine dyes, have been developed chiefly due to their ...

Walker, Brian J. (Brian Jacob)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Energy Transitions: A Systems Approach Including Marcellus Shale Gas Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Transitions: A Systems Approach Including Marcellus Shale Gas Development A Report: A Systems Approach Including Marcellus Shale Gas Development Executive Summary In the 21st century new we focused on the case of un- conventional natural gas recovery from the Marcellus shale In addition

Walter, M.Todd

26

Energy Transitions: A Systems Approach Including Marcellus Shale Gas Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Transitions: A Systems Approach Including Marcellus Shale Gas Development A Report Transitions: A Systems Approach Including Marcellus Shale Gas Development Executive Summary In the 21st the Marcellus shale In addition to the specific questions identified for the case of Marcellus shale gas in New

Angenent, Lars T.

27

RECOMMENDATIONS TO INCLUDE IN CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION'S 2009 INTEGRATED ENERGY POLICY REPORT (IEPR)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RECOMMENDATIONS TO INCLUDE IN CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION'S 2009 INTEGRATED ENERGY POLICY REPORT solutions. Overview Past Energy Commission Integrated Energy Policy Reports (IEPRs) have recognized (IEPR) Submitted By: Steven Weissman Associate Director Center for Law, Energy and the Environment

Kammen, Daniel M.

28

Short communication: Correcting aggregate energy consumption data to account for variability in local weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a growing need in the atmospheric modeling community for city-scale energy consumption data to estimate the magnitude of waste heat emissions in urban areas. While energy consumption data are widely available at aggregate space and time scales ... Keywords: Anthropogenic heating, Atmospheric modeling, Degree days, Energy models, Load modeling, Urban climate

David J. Sailor; Chittaranjan Vasireddy

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Arnold Schwarzenegger COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT APPENDIX G Aggregation Guide is the interim report for the Community Choice Aggregation Pilot Program project (Contract Community Choice Aggregation Guide. California Energy Commission, PIER Renewable Energy Technologies

30

Multi-objective design and optimization of district energy systems including polygeneration energy conversion technologies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the present context of finding ways to decrease CO2 emissions linked with human activity, district energy systems including polygeneration energy conversion technologies are likely (more)

Weber, Cline Isabelle

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Energy efficiency and QoS optimisations of IEEE 802.11 communications using frame aggregation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new mechanism for IEEE 802.11 infrastructure networks that allows to save energy on battery powered devices by adding some processing on the wireless Access Point (AP). Although the main advantage of this mechanism is ... Keywords: IEEE 80211, MAC, QoS, WLANs, battery powered devices, embedded devices, energy consumption, energy efficiency, frame aggregation, latency, local area networks, medium access control, optimisation, quality of service, wireless LANs, wireless networks

Jean Lorchat; Thomas Noel

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Interim performance criteria for photovoltaic energy systems. [Glossary included  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document is a response to the Photovoltaic Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1978 (P.L. 95-590) which required the generation of performance criteria for photovoltaic energy systems. Since the document is evolutionary and will be updated, the term interim is used. More than 50 experts in the photovoltaic field have contributed in the writing and review of the 179 performance criteria listed in this document. The performance criteria address characteristics of present-day photovoltaic systems that are of interest to manufacturers, government agencies, purchasers, and all others interested in various aspects of photovoltaic system performance and safety. The performance criteria apply to the system as a whole and to its possible subsystems: array, power conditioning, monitor and control, storage, cabling, and power distribution. They are further categorized according to the following performance attributes: electrical, thermal, mechanical/structural, safety, durability/reliability, installation/operation/maintenance, and building/site. Each criterion contains a statement of expected performance (nonprescriptive), a method of evaluation, and a commentary with further information or justification. Over 50 references for background information are also given. A glossary with definitions relevant to photovoltaic systems and a section on test methods are presented in the appendices. Twenty test methods are included to measure performance characteristics of the subsystem elements. These test methods and other parts of the document will be expanded or revised as future experience and needs dictate.

DeBlasio, R.; Forman, S.; Hogan, S.; Nuss, G.; Post, H.; Ross, R.; Schafft, H.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Photoinduced Charge and Energy Transfer Processes in Molecular Aggregates  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project involved the experimental probing of the electronic excited states generated by photoinduced (center-to-center) electron and energy transfer processes in several classes of transition metal donor/acceptor (D/A) complexes. Some of the general properties inferred from these studies should be useful in the design of new systems for energy conversion applications. Pursuit of the project goals has involved the determination of electron transfer efficiencies and the detailed study of variations in the electronic spectra of D/A complexes. This has resulted in the study of some very fundamental issues of photoinduced charge transfer and the identification of some of the constraints on its efficiency. The experimental studies of the competition between the degradative non-radiative unimolecular relaxation of transition metal excited states and their transfer of charge from these excited states to external acceptors have involved a range of techniques such as transient decay kinetics, photoacoustic calorimetry and transient or stationary state spectroscopy. The substrates synthesized for these studies were selected to provide model systems, or series of model systems to probe the validity of models of electronic excited states and their reactivity. The work during the last few years has focused largely, but not exclusively, on the use of emission spectral band shapes to probe the properties of charge transfer (CT) excited states. Bandshape variations are one of the very few approaches for systematically probing electronic excited states and good band shape resolution is necessary in order to gain information about the structural variations that correlate with excited state reactivity. Differences in molecular structure correlate with differences in chemical reactivity, and the variations in emission bandshapes are well known to relate to variations in the molecular structural differences between the excited and ground electronic states. However, it is has been rarely noticed that configurational mixing of the lowest energy excited state with other electronic states leads to unique distortions of the lowest energy excited state which result in modifications in the vibronic structure and bandshape of the emission. We have used the emission sideband shapes to evaluate patterns of ground state-excited state and excited state-excited state configurational mixing in some simple series of complexes.

John F. Endicott

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

34

Using Aggregated Distributed Energy Resources for Economic Dispatch to an Independent System Operator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utility distribution companies and other organizations have been interested in the potential of aggregating electricity generated by distributed energy resources (DER) and selling the power to the wholesale market during periods of peak system demand for a number of years. A few pilot projects have been undertaken, but this type of DER application is uncommon. This project is one of several underway in EPRI's program to help identify and quantify the potential value and business case of DER. Also work in...

2007-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

35

Using Aggregated Distributed Energy Resources for Economic Dispatch to an Independent System Operator 2007 Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utility distribution companies and other organizations are interested in the potential of aggregating electricity generated by distributed energy resources (DER) and selling the power to the wholesale market during periods of peak system demand for a number of years. A few pilot projects have been undertaken, but this type of DER application remains uncommon. This project is one of several underway in EPRI's program to help identify and quantify the potential value and business case of DER. This report u...

2008-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

36

DTE Energy Technologies With Detroit Edison Co. and Kinectrics Inc.: Distributed Resources Aggregation Modeling and Field Configuration Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Summarizes the work of DTE Energy Technologies, Detroit Edison, and Kinectrics, under contract to DOE's Distribution and Interconnection R&D, to develop distributed resources aggregation modeling and field configuration testing.

Not Available

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Solar Energy Education. Home economics: teacher's guide. Field test edition. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect

An instructional aid is provided for home economics teachers who wish to integrate the subject of solar energy into their classroom activities. This teacher's guide was produced along with the student activities book for home economics by the US Department of Energy Solar Energy Education. A glossary of solar energy terms is included. (BCS)

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Solar Energy Education. Home economics: teacher's guide. Field test edition. [Includes glossary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An instructional aid is provided for home economics teachers who wish to integrate the subject of solar energy into their classroom activities. This teacher's guide was produced along with the student activities book for home economics by the US Department of Energy Solar Energy Education. A glossary of solar energy terms is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Coordinated Aggregation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Coordinated Coordinated Aggregation of Distributed Energy Resources Alejandro Dominguez-Garcia Univ of Illinois Pravin Varaiya & Kameshwar Poolla UC Berkeley August 6, 2013 Dominguez-Garcia, Poolla, Varaiya CERTS Review 2013 August 6, 2013 0 / 45 Our Research Group Students Anand Subramanian, Justin Hughes Jared Porter, Zach Lerner Post-docs Ashutosh Nayyar He Hao, Borhan Sanandaji Faculty Alejandro Dominguez-Garcia Kameshwar Poolla, Pravin Varaiya Dominguez-Garcia, Poolla, Varaiya CERTS Review 2013 August 6, 2013 0 / 45 CERTS Research Activities Network case of Risk-Limiting Dispatch Improved Load Forecasting with fine-grain measurements Coordinated Aggregation of Distributed Resources Dominguez-Garcia, Poolla, Varaiya CERTS Review 2013 August 6, 2013 1 / 45 Risk Limiting Dispatch Dominguez-Garcia, Poolla, Varaiya CERTS Review 2013 August

40

Relationship Between Surface Free Energy and Total Work of Fracture of Asphalt Binder and Asphalt Binder-Aggregate Interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance of asphalt mixtures depends on the properties of its constituent materials, mixture volumetrics, and external factors such as load and environment. An important material property that influences the performance of an asphalt mixture is the surface free energy of the asphalt binder and the aggregate. Surface free energy, which is a thermodynamic material property, is directly related to the adhesive bond energy between the asphalt binder and the aggregate as well as the cohesive bond energy of the asphalt binder. This thermodynamic material property has been successfully used to select asphalt binders and aggregates that have the necessary compatibility to form strong bonds and resist fracture. Surface free energy, being based on thermodynamics, assumes the asphalt binder is a brittle elastic material. In reality, the asphalt binder is not brittle and dissipates energy during loading and unloading. The total work of fracture is the culmination of all energy inputted into the sample to create two new surfaces of unit area and is dependent on the test geometry and testing conditions (e.g., temperature, loading rate, specimen size, etc.). The magnitude of the bond energy (either adhesive or cohesive) can be much smaller in magnitude when compared to the total work of fracture measured using mechanical tests (i.e., peel test, pull-off test, etc.). Despite the large difference in magnitude, there exists evidence in the literature supporting the use of the bond energy to characterize the resistance of composite systems to cohesive and/or adhesive failures. If the bond energy is to be recognized as a useful screening tool by the paving industry, the relationship between the bond energy and total work of fracture needs to be understood and verified. The effect of different types of modifications (addition of polymers, addition of anti-strip agents, and aging) on the surface free energy components of various asphalt binders was explored in order to understand how changes in the surface free energy components are related to the performance of the asphalt mixtures. After the asphalt binder-aggregate combination was explored, the next step was to study how the surface free energy of water was affected by contact with the asphalt binder-aggregate interface. Aggregates, which have a pH of greater than seven, will cause the pH of water that contacts them to increase. A change in the pH of the contacting water could indicate a change in its overall surface free energy, which might subsequently increase or decrease the water's moisture damage potential. With surface free energy fully explored, the total work of fracture was measured using pull-off tests for asphalt binder-aggregate combinations with known surface free energy components. In order to fully explore the relationship between bond energy and total work of fracture, temperature, loading rate, specimen geometry, and moisture content were varied in the experiments. The results of this work found that modifications made to the asphalt binder can have significant positive or negative effects on its surface free energy components and bond energy. Moreover, the results from the pull-off tests demonstrated that a relationship exists between bond energy (from surface free energy) and total work of fracture (from pull-off tests), and that surface free energy can be used to estimate the performance of asphalt binder-aggregate combinations.

Howson, Jonathan Embrey

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) Impacts  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This presentation describes the projections for petroleum-based gasoline and distillate in the Update AEO 2008, which includes the impacts of the Energy Independence and Security Act.

Information Center

2008-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

42

Energy use in Minnesota schools: Aggregate performance and perspectives on energy savings  

SciTech Connect

As part of an extensive and comprehensive evaluation of the US Department of Energy's Institutional Conservation Program (ICP), we present an analysis of the energy performance of Minnesota schools during the 1970s and 1980s. We also estimate energy savings for individual schools and for the entire group of schools participating in the ICP. Finally, we compare estimated energy savings, based on technical audits, with monitored energy reductions. 13 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

Vine, E.; Hatfield, B.; Lebot, B.; Kammerud, R.; Carroll, W.L.

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Solar Energy Education. Industrial arts: teacher's guide. Field test edition. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect

An instructional aid is presented which integrates the subject of solar energy into the classroom study of industrial arts. This guide for teachers was produced in addition to the student activities book for industrial arts by the USDOE Solar Energy Education. A glossary of solar energy terms is included. (BCS)

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Solar Energy Education. Industrial arts: teacher's guide. Field test edition. [Includes glossary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An instructional aid is presented which integrates the subject of solar energy into the classroom study of industrial arts. This guide for teachers was produced in addition to the student activities book for industrial arts by the USDOE Solar Energy Education. A glossary of solar energy terms is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen Case  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen Case Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: System & Application Design Website: www.leonardo-energy.org/webinar-introduction-small-scale-wind-energy-s Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/introduction-small-scale-wind-energy- Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Project Development This video teaches the viewer about wind turbines and RETscreen's wind module, which can be used to project the cost and production of a wind

46

Modeling and Controller Design of a Wind Energy Conversion System Including a Matrix Converter.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis, a grid-connected wind-energy converter system including a matrix converter is proposed. The matrix converter, as a power electronic converter, is used to (more)

Barakati, Seyed Masoud

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Aggregation of U.S. Population Centers Using Climate Parameters Related to Building Energy Use  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique for aggregating population centers into groups based on selected climate parameters is presented. Climate information on the 125 largest Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSAs) in the United States is used to assign each SMSA ...

Brandt Andersson; William L. Carroll; Marlo R. Martin

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

An Energy-Balance Analysis of Deep Convective Self-Aggregation above Uniform SST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-aggregation is sensitive to the ice microphysical parameterization, which affects the location and extent of cirrus clouds the dry to the moist regions. A simple mathematical model of the initial phase of self

Bretherton, Chris

49

Energy Department Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include 1-800  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include 1-800 Number: 1-800-244-3301 Energy Department Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include 1-800 Number: 1-800-244-3301 September 6, 2005 - 9:50am Addthis Washington, DC - Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman announced today that the Department of Energy has expanded its gas gouging reporting system to include a toll-free telephone hotline. The hotline is available to American consumers starting today. "While we've largely seen the best of American generosity and unity throughout the recovery effort, we recognize that there are some bad actors that may try to take advantage of the situation. Consumers are our first line of defense in guarding against gas price gouging. I can assure you, our Administration - from the President down - takes this issue very

50

Technical support document: Energy conservation standards for consumer products: Dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers including: Environmental impacts; regulatory impact analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act as amended (P.L. 94-163), establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of standards on dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers. The economic impact analysis is performed in five major areas: An Engineering Analysis, which establishes technical feasibility and product attributes including costs of design options to improve appliance efficiency. A Consumer Analysis at two levels: national aggregate impacts, and impacts on individuals. The national aggregate impacts include forecasts of appliance sales, efficiencies, energy use, and consumer expenditures. The individual impacts are analyzed by Life-Cycle Cost (LCC), Payback Periods, and Cost of Conserved Energy (CCE), which evaluate the savings in operating expenses relative to increases in purchase price; A Manufacturer Analysis, which provides an estimate of manufacturers' response to the proposed standards. Their response is quantified by changes in several measures of financial performance for a firm. An Industry Impact Analysis shows financial and competitive impacts on the appliance industry. A Utility Analysis that measures the impacts of the altered energy-consumption patterns on electric utilities. A Environmental Effects analysis, which estimates changes in emissions of carbon dioxide, sulfur oxides, and nitrogen oxides, due to reduced energy consumption in the home and at the power plant. A Regulatory Impact Analysis collects the results of all the analyses into the net benefits and costs from a national perspective. 47 figs., 171 tabs. (JF)

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Technical support document: Energy conservation standards for consumer products: Dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers including: Environmental impacts; regulatory impact analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act as amended (P.L. 94-163), establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of standards on dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers. The economic impact analysis is performed in five major areas: An Engineering Analysis, which establishes technical feasibility and product attributes including costs of design options to improve appliance efficiency. A Consumer Analysis at two levels: national aggregate impacts, and impacts on individuals. The national aggregate impacts include forecasts of appliance sales, efficiencies, energy use, and consumer expenditures. The individual impacts are analyzed by Life-Cycle Cost (LCC), Payback Periods, and Cost of Conserved Energy (CCE), which evaluate the savings in operating expenses relative to increases in purchase price; A Manufacturer Analysis, which provides an estimate of manufacturers' response to the proposed standards. Their response is quantified by changes in several measures of financial performance for a firm. An Industry Impact Analysis shows financial and competitive impacts on the appliance industry. A Utility Analysis that measures the impacts of the altered energy-consumption patterns on electric utilities. A Environmental Effects analysis, which estimates changes in emissions of carbon dioxide, sulfur oxides, and nitrogen oxides, due to reduced energy consumption in the home and at the power plant. A Regulatory Impact Analysis collects the results of all the analyses into the net benefits and costs from a national perspective. 47 figs., 171 tabs. (JF)

Not Available

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Green Power Network: Community Choice Aggregation (CCA)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Community Choice Aggregation (CCA) Community Choice Aggregation (CCA) Community choice aggregation (CCA) is a state policy that enables local governments to aggregate electricity demand within their jurisdictions in order to procure alternative energy supplies while maintaining the existing electricity provider for transmission and distribution services. Many states passed CCA laws as part of electric restructuring legislation in the late 1990s and early 2000s. States that have passed CCA laws include California (2002), Illinois (2009), Massachusetts (1997), New Jersey (2003), Ohio (1999), and Rhode Island (1997). There are many reasons that a community may choose to develop a CCA, including the option to purchase more green power, reduce electricity cost, and provide power from more local sources.

53

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT APPENDIX E: Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor Community in this report. #12;«CCA_Name» - DRAFT - COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION IMPLEMENTATION PLAN «Date Choice Aggregation Implementation Plan Template Prepared For: California Energy Commission Prepared By

54

A Case Study on Multiple Technology Aggregate Response: FirstEnergy Smart Grid Demonstration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study was designed to gain an understanding of the potential impacts of operating a combination of smart grid technologies at the same time. An AEP-EPRI project team developed a process to determine and manage the impact of concurrent operation of several technologies, including electric vehicles (EVs), community energy storage (CES), volt/var optimization (VVO) and photovoltaic (PV) generation systems.This AEP Smart Grid Demonstration case study describes two aspects of ...

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

55

Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of2001) 465- Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) (2007). EnergyDeficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of

Sathaye, Jayant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" 5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ","Coal"," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"(excluding Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural Gas(c)","LPG and","Coke and Breeze)"," " " ","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","(billion","NGL(d)","(million","Other(e)"

57

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2002;" 5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," "," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural ","LPG and","(excluding Coal"," ","RSE" " ","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)","Row"

58

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" 6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2010;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and",,"LPG and","(excluding Coal"," " "End Use","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)"

59

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2002;" 6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," "," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal",,"RSE" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural ","LPG and","(excluding Coal"," ","Row" "End Use","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)","Factors"

60

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" 5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ","Coal"," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"(excluding Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural Gas(c)","LPG and","Coke and Breeze)"," " " ","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","(billion","NGL(d)","(million","Other(e)"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" 6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and",,"LPG and","(excluding Coal"," " "End Use","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)"

62

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998;" 1. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Physical Units or Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ","Coal"," "," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"(excluding Coal" " "," ","Net","Residual","and","Natural Gas(c)","LPG and","Coke and Breeze)"," ","RSE" " ","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","(billion","NGL(d)","(million","Other(e)","Row"

63

" Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998;" 2. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: End Uses;" " Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," ",," "," " " ",,,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal",,"RSE" " "," ","Net","Residual","and",,"LPG and","(excluding Coal"," ","Row" "End Use","Total","Electricity(a)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coke and Breeze)","Other(e)","Factors"

64

Method for including operation and maintenance costs in the economic analysis of active solar energy systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For a developing technology such as solar energy, the costs for operation and maintenance (O and M) can be substantial. In the past, most economic analyses included these costs by simply assuming that an annual cost will be incurred that is proportional to the initial cost of the system. However, in assessing the economics of new systems proposed for further research and development, such a simplification can obscure the issues. For example, when the typical method for including O and M costs in an economic analysis is used, the O and M costs associated with a newly developed, more reliable, and slightly more expensive controller will be assumed to increase - an obvious inconsistency. The method presented in this report replaces this simplistic approach with a representation of the O and M costs that explicitly accounts for the uncertainties and risks inherent in the operation of any equipment. A detailed description of the data inputs required by the method is included as well as a summary of data sources and an example of the method as applied to an active solar heating system.

Short, W.D.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 7 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Distillate Coal Fuel Oil (excluding Coal Net Demand Residual and Natural Gas(c) LPG and Coke and Breeze) for Electricity(a) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(b) (billion NGL(d) (million End Use (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) Total United States TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 977,338 40 22 5,357 21 46 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel 24,584 21 4 2,059 2 25 Conventional Boiler Use 24,584 11 3 1,245 2 6 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 10 1 814 * 19 Direct Uses-Total Process 773,574 10 9 2,709 10 19 Process Heating

66

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 5 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Distillate Coal Fuel Oil (excluding Coal Net Residual and Natural Gas(c) LPG and Coke and Breeze) Total Electricity(a) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(b) (billion NGL(d) (million Other(e) End Use (trillion Btu) (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) (trillion Btu) Total United States TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 15,658 835,382 40 22 5,357 21 46 5,820 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel -- 12,109 21 4 2,059 2 25 -- Conventional Boiler Use 12,109 11 3 1,245 2 6 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 10 1 814 * 19 Direct Uses-Total Process

67

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 6 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity; Unit: Trillion Btu. Distillate Fuel Oil Coal Net Residual and LPG and (excluding Coal End Use Total Electricity(a) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(b) Natural Gas(c) NGL(d) Coke and Breeze) Other(e) Total United States TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 15,658 2,850 251 129 5,512 79 1,016 5,820 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fue -- 41 133 23 2,119 8 547 -- Conventional Boiler Use 41 71 17 1,281 8 129 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 62 6 838 1 417 Direct Uses-Total Process -- 2,244 62 52 2,788 39 412 -- Process Heating -- 346 59 19 2,487 32 345 -- Process Cooling and Refrigeration -- 206 * 1 32 * * -- Machine Drive

68

Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 2 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity; Unit: Trillion Btu. Distillate Fuel Oil Coal NAICS Net Residual and LPG and (excluding Coal Code(a) End Use Total Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(c) Natural Gas(d) NGL(e) Coke and Breeze) Other(f) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 15,658 2,850 251 129 5,512 79 1,016 5,820 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel -- 41 133 23 2,119 8 547 -- Conventional Boiler Use -- 41 71 17 1,281 8 129 -- CHP and/or Cogeneration Process -- -- 62 6 838 1 417 -- Direct Uses-Total Process -- 2,244 62 52 2,788 39 412 -- Process Heating -- 346 59 19 2,487

69

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Table 5.8 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: End Uses; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity; Unit: Trillion Btu. Distillate Fuel Oil Coal Net Demand Residual and LPG and (excluding Coal End Use for Electricity(a) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(b) Natural Gas(c) NGL(d) Coke and Breeze) Total United States TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 3,335 251 129 5,512 79 1,016 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel 84 133 23 2,119 8 547 Conventional Boiler Use 84 71 17 1,281 8 129 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 62 6 838 1 417 Direct Uses-Total Process 2,639 62 52 2,788 39 412 Process Heating 379 59 19 2,487 32 345 Process Cooling and Refrigeration

70

Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 1 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Electricity; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Distillate Coal Fuel Oil (excluding Coal Net Residual and Natural Gas(d) LPG and Coke and Breeze) NAICS Total Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(c) (billion NGL(e) (million Other(f) Code(a) End Use (trillion Btu) (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) (trillion Btu) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 15,658 835,382 40 22 5,357 21 46 5,820 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel -- 12,109 21 4 2,059 2 25 -- Conventional Boiler Use -- 12,109 11 3 1,245 2 6 -- CHP and/or Cogeneration Process

71

High accuracy power spectra including baryonic physics in dynamical Dark Energy models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The next generation mass probes will obtain information on non--linear power spectra P(k,z) and their evolution, allowing us to investigate the nature of Dark Energy. To exploit such data we need high precision simulations, extending at least up to scales of k\\simeq 10 h^-1 Mpc, where the effects of baryons can no longer be neglected. In this paper, we present a series of large scale hydrodynamical simulations for LCDM and dynamical Dark Energy (dDE) models, in which the equation of state parameter is z-dependent. The simulations include gas cooling, star formation and Supernovae feedback. They closely approximate the observed star formation rate and the observationally derived star/Dark Matter mass ratio in collapsed systems. Baryon dynamics cause spectral shifts exceeding 1% at k > 2-3 hMpc^-1 compared to pure n-body simulations in the LCDM simulations. This agrees with previous studies, although we find a smaller effect (~50%) on the power spectrum amplitude at higher k's. dDE exhibits similar behavior, ev...

Casarini, Luciano; Bonometto, Silvio A; Stinson, Greg S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Reliability evaluation of electric power system including wind power and energy storage .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Global environmental concerns associated with conventional energy generation have led to the rapid growth of wind energy applications in electric power systems. Growing demand for (more)

Hu, Po

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy efficiency equipment is expected to come from private industry while that for the supply-Supply with Energy Efficiency (SEE) Scenario 2 Electricity Demand and Availability . 16 Figure 11: Commercial and LV-MV Industry

Sathaye, Jayant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S. Das, (2006) Reducing Electricity Deficit through EnergyLV supply. Figure 12: Electricity Productivity (Commercialan interesting result. The electricity productivity in both

Sathaye, Jayant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Energy landscapes for protein folding, binding, and aggregation : simple funnels and beyond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the corresponding free energy profile generated using WHAM (histogram analysis method (WHAM). Despite the simplicity ofprofile generated using WHAM (right). The success of any

Cho, Samuel Sung-Il

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Business as Usual (BAU) Scenario 1 Electricity Demand andEnergy Efficiency (SEE) Scenario 2 Electricity Demand andCA 94720 Abstract Electricity demand has consistently

Sathaye, Jayant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Solar energy collector including a weightless balloon with sun tracking means  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solar energy collector having a weightless balloon, the balloon including a transparent polyvinylfluoride hemisphere reinforced with a mesh of ropes secured to its outside surface, and a laminated reflector hemisphere, the inner layer being clear and aluminized on its outside surface and the outer layer being opaque, the balloon being inflated with lighter-than-air gas. A heat collection probe extends into the balloon along the focus of reflection of the reflective hemisphere for conducting coolant into and out of the balloon. The probe is mounted on apparatus for keeping the probe aligned with the sun's path, the apparatus being founded in the earth for withstanding wind pressure on the balloon. The balloon is lashed to the probe by ropes adhered to the outer surface of the balloon for withstanding wind pressures of 100 miles per hour. Preferably, the coolant is liquid sodium-potassium eutectic alloy which will not normally freeze at night in the temperate zones, and when heated to 4,000.degree. R exerts a pressure of only a few atmospheres.

Hall, Frederick F. (2452 Villaneuva Way, Mountain View, CA 94040)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Accounting for the Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the impact of energy consumed by the computing sector on the environment, as well as on the electricity cost Energy, Electricity, Computing, Portable Devices, Environment, Networking 1. INTRODUCTION The increasing, and what we can expect in the future. This requires a detailed analysis of energy consumption

Namboodiri, Vinod

79

Accounting for the energy consumption of personal computing including portable devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In light of the increased awareness of global energy consumption, questions are also being asked about the contribution of computing equipment. Though studies have documented the share of energy consumption due to these equipment over the years, these ... Keywords: computing, electricity, energy, environment, networking, portable devices

Pavel Somavat; Shraddha Jadhav; Vinod Namboodiri

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The Influence of Surface Texture on Regionally Aggregated Evaporation and Energy Partitioning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Areally averaged surface fluxes of sensible heat and latent heat are evaluated over periodically varying terrain, using a two-dimensional E? model with high spatial resolution and a parameterization of the local surface energy balance according ...

Daniel Bnzli; Hans Peter Schmid

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Aggregate model and analysis of the energy dynamics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is facing a crisis in the near future centered on increasing energy consumption. Today, the kingdom consumes approximately 1/3 of its oil production. If no action is taken and the kingdom continues ...

Al-Ahmed, Khalid A. (Khalid Abdulrahim)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Information Markets and Aggregation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information Markets and Aggregation by Narahari Mohan PhatakSpring 2012 Information Markets and Aggregation CopyrightMohan Phatak Abstract Information Markets and Aggregation by

Phatak, Narahari Mohan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

New aggregation programs drive consumer participation in Illinois ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

New aggregation programs drive consumer participation ... Ameren Energy Marketing, Direct Energy ... (buying their electricity from renewable generators) ...

84

Energy star compliant voice over internet protocol (VoIP) telecommunications network including energy star compliant VoIP devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) communications system, a method of managing a communications network in such a system and a program product therefore. The system/network includes an ENERGY STAR (E-star) aware softswitch and E-star compliant communications devices at system endpoints. The E-star aware softswitch allows E-star compliant communications devices to enter and remain in power saving mode. The E-star aware softswitch spools messages and forwards only selected messages (e.g., calls) to the devices in power saving mode. When the E-star compliant communications devices exit power saving mode, the E-star aware softswitch forwards spooled messages.

Kouchri, Farrokh Mohammadzadeh

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

85

Uncertain generalized aggregation operators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to extend the generalized ordered weighted averaging operator and provide a new class of operators called the uncertain generalized ordered weighted averaging (UGOWA) operator. It provides a very general formulation that includes ... Keywords: Aggregation, Decision making, Generalized mean, OWA operator, Operator weights

Li-Gang Zhou; Hua-You Chen; Jos M. Merig; Anna M. Gil-Lafuente

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

CEBAF energy upgrade program including re-work of CEBAF cavities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Jefferson Lab, is planning an upgrade of the CEBAF accelerator from a maximum energy of 6 GeV to 12 GeV and from 3 to 4 experimental halls. This paper will discuss the plans for upgrading the energy of the machine which requires improvements of the existing Super Conducting Radio Frequency (SRF) cryomodules and the additions of ten newly designed high performance SRF cryomodules.

Joseph Preble

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

87

Stocks of Crude Oil (Including SPR) - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Stocks include those ...

88

Property:Number of Plants Included in Planned Estimate | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plants Included in Planned Estimate Plants Included in Planned Estimate Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Number of Plants Included in Planned Estimate Property Type String Description Number of plants included in the estimate of planned capacity per GEA Pages using the property "Number of Plants Included in Planned Estimate" Showing 21 pages using this property. A Alaska Geothermal Region + 3 + C Cascades Geothermal Region + 1 + Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region + 4 + G Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region + 7 + H Hawaii Geothermal Region + 1 + Holocene Magmatic Geothermal Region + 4 + I Idaho Batholith Geothermal Region + 1 + N Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region + 9 + Northern Rockies Geothermal Region + 0 + Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region + 6 +

89

Decision-maker's guide to wood fuel for small industrial energy users. Final report. [Includes glossary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The technology and economics of various wood energy systems available to the small industrial and commercial energy user are considered. This book is designed to help a plant manager, engineer, or others in a decision-making role to become more familiar with wood fuel systems and make informed decisions about switching to wood as a fuel. The following subjects are discussed: wood combustion, pelletized wood, fuel storage, fuel handling and preparation, combustion equipment, retrofitting fossil-fueled boilers, cogeneration, pollution abatement, and economic considerations of wood fuel use. (MHR)

Levi, M. P.; O'Grady, M. J.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Illinois Solar Energy Association - Renewable Energy Credit Aggregatio...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Illinois Solar Energy Association - Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation Program Illinois Solar Energy Association - Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation Program Eligibility...

91

Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits  

SciTech Connect

Electricity demand has consistently exceeded available supply in India. While the electricity deficit varies across states, nationally it was estimated to be of the order of 12percent on peak and 11percent for electricity during 2008-09. This paper explores a demand-side focused potential for energy efficiency improvement to eliminate the electricity deficit compared to a business as usual (BAU) supply-side focused scenario. The limited availability of finance and other legal and administrative barriers have constrained the construction of new power plant capacity in India. As a result, under the BAU scenario, India continues to face an electricity deficit beyond the end of the Twelfth Five Year Plan. The demand-side cost-effective potential achieved through replacement of new electricity-using products, however, is large enough to eliminate the deficit as early as 2013 and subsequently reduce the future construction of power plants and thus reduce air pollutant emissions. Moreover, energy efficiency improvements cost a fraction of the cost for new supply and can lead to a substantial increase in India's economic output or gross domestic product (GDP). Eliminating the deficit permits businesses that have experienced electricity cutbacks to restore production. We estimate the size of the cumulative production increase in terms of the contribution to GDP at a $505 billion between 2009 and 2017, the end of India's Twelfth Five Year Plan, which may be compared with India's 2007-08 GDP of $911 billion. The economic output is influenced by the size of the electricity savings and rate of penetration of energy efficient technologies, and that of self-generation equipment and inverters used by businesses faced with electricity cuts. Generation and inverters are estimated to service 23percent of these customers in 2009, which increase to 48percent by 2020. The reduction in the construction and operation of new power plants reduces the cumulative CO2 emissions by 65 Mt, and those of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides by 0.4 Mt each, while also reducing India's imports of coal and natural gas. By 2020, the cumulative GDP benefit increases to $608 billion, the CO2 savings expand to 333 Mt and SO2 and NOx to 2.1 Mt.

Sathaye, Jayant; Gupta, Arjun

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

92

Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits  

SciTech Connect

Electricity demand has consistently exceeded available supply in India. While the electricity deficit varies across states, nationally it was estimated to be of the order of 12percent on peak and 11percent for electricity during 2008-09. This paper explores a demand-side focused potential for energy efficiency improvement to eliminate the electricity deficit compared to a business as usual (BAU) supply-side focused scenario. The limited availability of finance and other legal and administrative barriers have constrained the construction of new power plant capacity in India. As a result, under the BAU scenario, India continues to face an electricity deficit beyond the end of the Twelfth Five Year Plan. The demand-side cost-effective potential achieved through replacement of new electricity-using products, however, is large enough to eliminate the deficit as early as 2013 and subsequently reduce the future construction of power plants and thus reduce air pollutant emissions. Moreover, energy efficiency improvements cost a fraction of the cost for new supply and can lead to a substantial increase in India's economic output or gross domestic product (GDP). Eliminating the deficit permits businesses that have experienced electricity cutbacks to restore production. We estimate the size of the cumulative production increase in terms of the contribution to GDP at a $505 billion between 2009 and 2017, the end of India's Twelfth Five Year Plan, which may be compared with India's 2007-08 GDP of $911 billion. The economic output is influenced by the size of the electricity savings and rate of penetration of energy efficient technologies, and that of self-generation equipment and inverters used by businesses faced with electricity cuts. Generation and inverters are estimated to service 23percent of these customers in 2009, which increase to 48percent by 2020. The reduction in the construction and operation of new power plants reduces the cumulative CO2 emissions by 65 Mt, and those of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides by 0.4 Mt each, while also reducing India's imports of coal and natural gas. By 2020, the cumulative GDP benefit increases to $608 billion, the CO2 savings expand to 333 Mt and SO2 and NOx to 2.1 Mt.

Sathaye, Jayant; Gupta, Arjun

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

93

Lossy Data Aggregation in Multihop Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In wireless sensor networks, in-network data aggregation is an efficient way to reduce energy consumption in network. However, most of the existing data aggregation scheduling methods try to aggregate the data from all the nodes at all time-instances. ... Keywords: Data Loss, Data Sampling, Energy Efficiency, Lossy Data Aggregation

Guojun Dai; Jianhui Zhang; Shaojie Tang; Xingfa Shen; Changping Lv

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Security assessment of power systems including energy storage. Progress report, July 1, 1978--September 30, 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Progress in assessing the security of power systems is reviewed. Further evaluation has been performed on the previously developed simplified model of the current-fed force-commutated converter (CFFCC). Validation studies were performed using the CFFCC as a control interface between a one-machine, three-bus power system equivalent and a superconducting magnetic energy storage device. The highlights of this investigation are reported. The identification of power system electromechanical models from systems measurements, with only normal load variation as a disturbing input, is being studied. A maximum liklihood estimation procedure has been partly developed. The procedure uses auto correlation information as an input rather than the observed time series.

Carroll, D.P.; Triezenberg, D.M.

1978-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Initial Business Case Analysis of Two Integrated Heat Pump HVAC Systems for Near-Zero-Energy Homes - Update to Include Evaluation of Impact of Including a Humidifier Option  

SciTech Connect

The long range strategic goal of the Department of Energy's Building Technologies (DOE/BT) Program is to create, by 2020, technologies and design approaches that enable the construction of net-zero energy homes at low incremental cost (DOE/BT 2005). A net zero energy home (NZEH) is a residential building with greatly reduced needs for energy through efficiency gains, with the balance of energy needs supplied by renewable technologies. While initially focused on new construction, these technologies and design approaches are intended to have application to buildings constructed before 2020 as well resulting in substantial reduction in energy use for all building types and ages. DOE/BT's Emerging Technologies (ET) team is working to support this strategic goal by identifying and developing advanced heating, ventilating, air-conditioning, and water heating (HVAC/WH) technology options applicable to NZEHs. In FY05 ORNL conducted an initial Stage 1 (Applied Research) scoping assessment of HVAC/WH systems options for future NZEHs to help DOE/BT identify and prioritize alternative approaches for further development. Eleven system concepts with central air distribution ducting and nine multi-zone systems were selected and their annual and peak demand performance estimated for five locations: Atlanta (mixed-humid), Houston (hot-humid), Phoenix (hot-dry), San Francisco (marine), and Chicago (cold). Performance was estimated by simulating the systems using the TRNSYS simulation engine (Solar Energy Laboratory et al. 2006) in two 1800-ft{sup 2} houses--a Building America (BA) benchmark house and a prototype NZEH taken from BEopt results at the take-off (or crossover) point (i.e., a house incorporating those design features such that further progress towards ZEH is through the addition of photovoltaic power sources, as determined by current BEopt analyses conducted by NREL). Results were summarized in a project report, HVAC Equipment Design options for Near-Zero-Energy Homes--A Stage 2 Scoping Assessment, ORNL/TM-2005/194 (Baxter 2005). The 2005 study report describes the HVAC options considered, the ranking criteria used, and the system rankings by priority. In 2006, the two top-ranked options from the 2005 study, air-source and ground-source versions of a centrally ducted integrated heat pump (IHP) system, were subjected to an initial business case study. The IHPs were subjected to a more rigorous hourly-based assessment of their performance potential compared to a baseline suite of equipment of legally minimum efficiency that provided the same heating, cooling, water heating, demand dehumidification, and ventilation services as the IHPs. Results were summarized in a project report, Initial Business Case Analysis of Two Integrated Heat Pump HVAC Systems for Near-Zero-Energy Homes, ORNL/TM-2006/130 (Baxter 2006a). The present report is an update to that document which summarizes results of an analysis of the impact of adding a humidifier to the HVAC system to maintain minimum levels of space relative humidity (RH) in winter. The space RH in winter has direct impact on occupant comfort and on control of dust mites, many types of disease bacteria, and 'dry air' electric shocks. Chapter 8 in ASHRAE's 2005 Handbook of Fundamentals (HOF) suggests a 30% lower limit on RH for indoor temperatures in the range of {approx}68-69F based on comfort (ASHRAE 2005). Table 3 in chapter 9 of the same reference suggests a 30-55% RH range for winter as established by a Canadian study of exposure limits for residential indoor environments (EHD 1987). Harriman, et al (2001) note that for RH levels of 35% or higher, electrostatic shocks are minimized and that dust mites cannot live at RH levels below 40%. They also indicate that many disease bacteria life spans are minimized when space RH is held within a 30-60% range. From the foregoing it is reasonable to assume that a winter space RH range of 30-40% would be an acceptable compromise between comfort considerations and limitation of growth rates for dust mites and many bacteria. In addition it reports som

Baxter, Van D [ORNL

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Study for Technology of Asphalt Pavement Aggregate Washed by Cycle Limewater  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technology of asphalt pavement aggregate washed by cycle limewater was put forward for the first time in this paper. Before and after the aggregate was washed by cycle limewater, aggregate mud content, aggregate asphalt adhesion and asphalt mixture water ... Keywords: energy conservation, emissions reduction, cycle limewater, wash, asphalt pavement aggregate

Jiang Tao; Sun Bin

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Table 5.3 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Distillate Coal Fuel Oil (excluding Coal Net Demand Residual and Natural Gas(d) LPG and Coke and Breeze) NAICS for Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(c) (billion NGL(e) (million Code(a) End Use (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 977,338 40 22 5,357 21 46 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel 24,584 21 4 2,059 2 25 Conventional Boiler Use 24,584 11 3

98

Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; 4 End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: End Uses within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources, including Net Demand for Electricity; Unit: Trillion Btu. Distillate Fuel Oil Coal NAICS Net Demand Residual and LPG and (excluding Coal Code(a) End Use for Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Diesel Fuel(c) Natural Gas(d) NGL(e) Coke and Breeze) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION 3,335 251 129 5,512 79 1,016 Indirect Uses-Boiler Fuel 84 133 23 2,119 8 547 Conventional Boiler Use 84 71 17 1,281 8 129 CHP and/or Cogeneration Process 0 62 6 838 1 417 Direct Uses-Total Process 2,639 62 52 2,788 39 412 Process Heating 379 59 19 2,487 32 345 Process Cooling and Refrigeration

99

Arnold Schwarzenegger COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT PIERFINALPROJECTREPORT Rosenfeld. Please cite this report as follows: Stoner, G. Patrick. 2008. Community Choice Aggregation Pilot Aggregation Pilot Project Final Report is the final report for the Community Choice Aggregation Pilot Project

100

A Self-Gravitational Upper Bound on Localized Energy, Including that of Virtual Particles and Quantum Fields, which Yields a Passable "Dark Energy" Density Estimate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The self-gravitational correction to a localized spherically symmetric static energy distribution is obtained from an upgraded Newtonian model which is energetically self-consistent, and is also obtained from the Birkhoff-theorem extension of the unique "Newtonian" form of the free-space Schwarzschild metric into the interior region of its self-gravitationally corrected source. The two approaches yield identical results, which include a strict prohibition on the gravitational redshift factor ever being other than finite, real and positive. Consequently, the self-gravitationally corrected energy within a sphere of radius r is bounded by r times the "Planck force", namely the fourth power of c divided by G. Even in the absence of spherical symmetry, the same bound, to within a factor of two, is shown to apply. That energy bound rules out any physical singularity at the Schwarzschild radius, and it also cuts off the mass deviation of any interacting quantum virtual particle at the Planck mass. Because quantum uncertainty makes the minimum energy of a quantum field infinite, such a field's self-gravitationally corrected energy essentially attains the Planck force times that field's boundary radius r. Roughly estimating r as c times the age of the universe yields a "dark energy" density of 1.7 joules per cubic kilometer. But if r is put to the Planck length appropriate to the birth of the universe, that energy density changes to the enormous Planck unit value, which could quite conceivably drive primordial "inflation". The density of "dark energy" decreases as the universe expands, but more slowly than the density of ordinary matter decreases. Its evolution suggests "dark energy" has inhomogeneities, which may be "dark matter".

Steven Kenneth Kauffmann

2012-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Data aggregation in wireless sensor networks using ant colony algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data aggregation is important in energy constraint wireless sensor networks which exploits correlated sensing data and aggregates at the intermediate nodes to reduce the number of messages exchanged network. This paper considers the problem of constructing ... Keywords: Ant colony, Data aggregation, Wireless sensor networks

Wen-Hwa Liao; Yucheng Kao; Chien-Ming Fan

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Building Technologies Office: Take Action to Develop New Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

20% primary energy savings Water Heating: aggregated 60% primary energy savings Appliances: aggregated 20% primary energy savings Sensors and Controls: aggregated...

103

The Relationship between Intermodel Differences and Surface Energy Balance Complexity in the Rhne-Aggregation Intercomparison Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Six modes of complexity of the Chameleon land surface model (CHASM) are used to explore the relationship between the complexity of the surface energy balance (SEB) formulation and the capacity of the model to explain intermodel variations in ...

S. Fox; A. J. Pitman; A. Boone; F. Habets

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Ris Energy Report 5 Technical challenges to energy systems' operation and markets 55 A future energy system that includes a high propor-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

become an issue, as the areas with good potential for wind power and wave energy are often located some of wind power plants Large wind farms such as the 160 MW Horns Rev and the 165 MW Nysted offshore wind to conventional power plant blocks. To obtain the maximum benefit from an overall power system, wind power should

105

A beacon of new physics: The Pioneer anomaly modelled as a path based speed loss driven by the externalisation of aggregate non-inertial QM energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This treatise outlines how a non-systematic based Pioneer anomaly, with its implied violation (re: 'low' mass bodies only) of both general relativity's weak equivalence principle and the Newtonian inverse-square law, can be successfully modelled. These theoretical hurdles and various awkward observational constraints, such as the low value of Pioneer 11's anomaly pre-Saturn encounter, have (to date) not been convincingly modelled. Notwithstanding the recent trend to embrace a non-constant Sun/Earth-directed heat based explanation of this anomalous deceleration, the actual: nature, direction, and temporal and spatial variation of the Pioneer anomaly remain an open arena of research. Working backwards from the observational evidence, and rethinking: time, mass, quantum entanglement and non-locality, we hypothesise a mechanism involving a quantum mechanical energy source and a new type of 'gravitational' field; neither of which lie within general relativity's domain of formulation/application. By way of a systemic conservation of energy principle, an internally inexpressible (aggregate) non-inertial energy discrepancy/uncertainty -- involving a myriad of quantum (lunar/third-body residing) atomic and molecular systems moving in analog curved spacetime -- is (non-locally) re-expressed externally as a (rotating) non-Euclidean spatial geometry perturbation. At a moving body each "rotating space-warp" induces sinusoidal proper acceleration and speed perturbations, as well as a path-based constant (per cycle) rate of speed shortfall relative to predictions that omit the additional effect. 'Solutions' of the new model may extend to: the Earth flyby anomaly, solar system related large-scale anomalies in the CMB radiation data, the nature of dark energy, and how a theory of everything unification agenda is inadvertently impeding a deeper understanding of physical reality and quantum entanglement.

Paul G. ten Boom

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

South Dakota mobile-home energy-savings guide: including plans for a solar greenhouse you can build  

SciTech Connect

Mobile homes are increasingly popular in South Dakota, but they present special problems when it comes to saving energy dollars. This booklet describes a few simple low-cost and no-cost steps to solving these problems. It looks at the mobile home as a complete system made up of smaller sub-systems: natural, physical, and human. Together they form the total energy-use pattern of the home. 6 figures, 1 table.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT APPENDIX B: Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor Project Reports on California Public Utilities Commission Decisions on Community Choice Aggregation Prepared For Participants FROM: John Dalessi, NCI SUBJECT: CPUC COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PHASE 1 DECISION On December 16

108

Business models of information aggregators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis identifies the specific characteristics of information aggregators, and proposes nine business models appropriate for information aggregators. These nine models are: advertising, brokerage, subscription, ...

Hu, Jiangxia, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT APPENDIX H: Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor Berkeley have been investigating and analyzing a program for the implementation of Community Choice Aggregation

110

Hawaii Energy Resource Overviews. Volume 4. Impact of geothermal resource development in Hawaii (including air and water quality)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The environmental consequences of natural processes in a volcanic-fumerolic region and of geothermal resource development are presented. These include acute ecological effects, toxic gas emissions during non-eruptive periods, the HGP-A geothermal well as a site-specific model, and the geothermal resources potential of Hawaii. (MHR)

Siegel, S.M.; Siegel, B.Z.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Ernest Orlando Lawrence Awards Ceremony for 2011 Award Winners (Presentations, including remarks by Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The winners for 2011 of the Department of Energy's Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award were recognized in a ceremony held May 21, 2012. Dr. Steven Chu and others spoke of the importance of the accomplishments and the prestigious history of the award. The recipients of the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award for 2011 are: Riccardo Betti (University of Rochester); Paul C. Canfield (Ames Laboratory); Mark B. Chadwick (Los Alamos National Laboratory); David E. Chavez (Los Alamos National Laboratory); Amit Goyal (Oak Ridge National Laboratory); Thomas P. Guilderson (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory); Lois Curfman McInnes (Argonne National Laboratory); Bernard Matthew Poelker (Thomas Jeffereson National Accelerator Facility); and Barry F. Smith (Argonne National Laboratory).

Chu, Steven (U.S. Energy Secretary)

2012-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

112

Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash  

SciTech Connect

Universal Aggregates LLC (UA) was awarded a cost sharing Co-operative Agreement from the Department of Energy (DOE) through the Power Plant Improvement Initiative Program (PPII) to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia in October 2001. The Agreement was signed in November 2002. The installation and start-up expenses for the Birchwood Aggregate Facility are $19.5 million. The DOE share is $7.2 million (37%) and the UA share is $12.3 million (63%). The original project team consists of UA, SynAggs, LLC, CONSOL Energy Inc. and P. J. Dick, Inc. Using 115,000 ton per year of spray dryer ash (SDA), a dry FGD by-product from the power station, UA will produce 167,000 tons of manufactured lightweight aggregate for use in production of concrete masonry units (CMU). Manufacturing aggregate from FGD by-products can provide an economical high-volume use and substantially expand market for FGD by-products. Most of the FGD by-products are currently disposed of in landfills. Construction of the Birchwood Aggregate Facility was completed in March 2004. Operation startup was begun in April 2004. Plant Integration was initiated in December 2004. Integration includes mixing, extrusion, curing, crushing and screening. Lightweight aggregates with proper size gradation and bulk density were produced from the manufacturing aggregate plant and loaded on a stockpile for shipment. The shipped aggregates were used in a commercial block plant for CMU production. However, most of the production was made at low capacity factors and for a relatively short time in 2005. Several areas were identified as important factors to improve plant capacity and availability. Equipment and process control modifications and curing vessel clean up were made to improve plant operation in the first half of 2006. About 3,000 tons of crushed aggregate was produced in August 2006. UA is continuing to work to improve plant availability and throughput capacity and to produce quality lightweight aggregate for use in commercial applications.

Milton Wu; Paul Yuran

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

113

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT APPENDIX A: Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor Community in this report. #12;1 COMMUNITY CHOICE AGGREGATION PILOT PROJECT APPENDIX A Community Choice Aggregation in the Community Choice Aggregation Demonstration project and assesses the costs and availability of renewable

114

Workplan for FY1978 to FY1982 including a computerized reporting and monitoring system for geothermal energy development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

It is proposed that the on-going compilation and critical evaluation of data be expanded to include a computerized system for monitoring and reporting the development of geothermal resources from the discovery phase to power on-line. Data would be covered which is site-specific and therefore unique to the geothermal area. Computer printouts are to contain a listing of each geothermal site which will be classified according to the status of development for producing electrical power. The result of the work will consist of a report containing a description of the data at each site and recommendaions for additional data needs in technological, economic, or institutional areas. The computerized system will allow for ease in updating and remote accessing by off-site users.

Phillips, S.L.; Tavana, M.; Leung, K.; Steyer, M.; Palen, W.A.; Schwartz, S.R.

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Regional Comparisons, Spatial Aggregation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Regional Comparisons, Spatial Aggregation, and Asymmetry of Price Pass-Through in U.S. Gasoline Markets MICHAEL YE*, JOHN ZYREN**, JOANNE SHORE**, AND MICHAEL BURDETTE** Abstract Spot to retail price pass-through behavior of the U.S. gasoline market was investigated at the national and regional levels, using weekly wholesale and retail motor gasoline prices from January 2000 to the present. Asymmetric pass-through was found across all regions, with faster pass-through when prices are rising. Pass-through patterns, in terms of speed and time for completion, were found to vary from region to region. Spatial aggregation was investigated at the national level and the East Coast with the aggregated cumulative pass-through being greater than the volume-weighted regional pass-through when spot prices increase. These results are useful to the petroleum industry, consumers,

116

Technology meets aggregate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New technology carried out at Tufts University and the University of Massachusetts on synthetic lightweight aggregate has created material from various qualities of fly ash from coal-fired power plants for use in different engineered applications. In pilot scale manufacturing tests an 'SLA' containing 80% fly ash and 20% mixed plastic waste from packaging was produced by 'dry blending' mixed plastic with high carbon fly ash. A trial run was completed to produce concrete masonry unit (CMU) blocks at a full-scale facility. It has been shown that SLA can be used as a partial substitution of a traditional stone aggregate in hot asphalt mix. 1 fig., 2 photos.

Wilson, C.; Swan, C. [INNERT Co. (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers including draft environmental assessment, regulatory impact analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (P.L. 94-163), as amended by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 (P.L. 100-12) and by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Amendments of 1988 (P.L. 100-357), and by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (P.L. 102-486), provides energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products` covered by the Act, and authorizes the Secretary of Energy to prescribe amended or new energy standards for each type (or class) of covered product. The assessment of the proposed standards for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers presented in this document is designed to evaluate their economic impacts according to the criteria in the Act. It includes an engineering analysis of the cost and performance of design options to improve the efficiency of the products; forecasts of the number and average efficiency of products sold, the amount of energy the products will consume, and their prices and operating expenses; a determination of change in investment, revenues, and costs to manufacturers of the products; a calculation of the costs and benefits to consumers, electric utilities, and the nation as a whole; and an assessment of the environmental impacts of the proposed standards.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part 1: Load Availability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part 1: Load Availability Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part 1: Load Availability Profiles and Constraints for the Western Interconnection Title Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part 1: Load Availability Profiles and Constraints for the Western Interconnection Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-6417E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Olsen, Daniel, Nance Matson, Michael D. Sohn, Cody Rose, Junqiao Han Dudley, Sasank Goli, Sila Kiliccote, Marissa Hummon, David Palchak, Paul Denholm, Jennie Jorgenson, and Ookie Ma Date Published 09/2013 Abstract Demand response (DR) has the potential to improve electric grid reliability and reduce system operation costs. However, including DR in grid modeling can be difficult due to its variable and non-traditional response characteristics, compared to traditional generation. Therefore, efforts to value the participation of DR in procurement of grid services have been limited. In this report, we present methods and tools for predicting demand response availability profiles, representing their capability to participate in capacity, energy, and ancillary services. With the addition of response characteristics mimicking those of generation, the resulting profiles will help in the valuation of the participation of demand response through production cost modeling, which informs infrastructure and investment planning.

119

Challenges in Flexible Aggregation of Pervasive Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The vision of billions of users connected to millions of services using trillions of devices is fast becoming a reality. The result will be a vast network of mobile communication devices and data sources, including sensors, newsfeeds, web services, and databases. Potential uses of this data span a wide range of application domains, including medical monitoring, traffic routing, proximity detection, electricity management, and service-fleet dispatching. Applications require flexible mechanisms for constructing condensed and refined views of the raw data, possibly in ways unanticipated by the data providers. Aggregation comprises collection of high volumes of raw data from data sources, composition of the raw data into less voluminous refined data, and timely delivery of the refined data to applications. There are difficult challenges inherent in creating an aggregation system that is sufficiently flexible, scalable, and reliable to address the needs of applications. 1 The aggregation...

Norman H. Cohen; Norman H. Cohen; Apratim Purakayastha; Apratim Purakayastha; John Turek; John Turek; Luke Wong; Luke Wong; Danny Yeh; Danny Yeh

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

High Temperature Superconductors: From Delivery to Applications (Presentation from 2011 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award-winner, Dr. Amit Goyal, and including introduction by Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dr. Amit Goyal, a high temperature superconductivity (HTS) researcher at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, was named a 2011 winner of the Department of Energy's Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award honoring U.S. scientists and engineers for exceptional contributions in research and development supporting DOE and its mission. Winner of the award in the inaugural category of Energy Science and Innovation, Dr. Goyal was cited for his work in 'pioneering research and transformative contributions to the field of applied high temperature superconductivity, including fundamental materials science advances and technical innovations enabling large-scale applications of these novel materials.' Following his basic research in grain-to-grain supercurrent transport, Dr. Goyal focused his energy in transitioning this fundamental understanding into cutting-edge technologies. Under OE sponsorship, Dr. Goyal co-invented the Rolling Assisted Bi-Axially Textured Substrate technology (RABiTS) that is used as a substrate for second generation HTS wires. OE support also led to the invention of Structural Single Crystal Faceted Fiber Substrate (SSIFFS) and the 3-D Self Assembly of Nanodot Columns. These inventions and associated R&D resulted in 7 R&D 100 Awards including the 2010 R&D Magazine's Innovator of the Year Award, 3 Federal Laboratory Consortium Excellence in Technology Transfer National Awards, a DOE Energy100 Award and many others. As a world authority on HTS materials, Dr. Goyal has presented OE-sponsored results in more than 150 invited talks, co-authored more than 350 papers and is a fellow of 7 professional societies.

Goyal, Amit (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Aggregation in Charged Nano Suspensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to control aggregation phenomena in suspensions of nanoparticles, one often charges the particles electrically, e.g. by triboelectric charging. Stabilization of suspensions against aggregation of particles is an important issue, which may be realized by monopolar charging, where particles repel each other. Contrarily, bipolar charging may be used in coating processes, where smaller particles of one material coat larger particles of another material. When the two particle fractions are charged oppositely, aggregation between equally charged particles is hindered whereas aggregation between oppositely charged particles is preferred, thereby improving the coating process. We study various aspects of these two situations by theoretical investigations and computer simulations.

J. H. Werth; S. M. Dammer; H. A. Knudsen; H. Hinrichsen; D. E. Wolf

2005-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

122

Energy savings for heat-island reduction strategies in Chicago and Houston (including updates for Baton Rouge, Sacramento, and Salt Lake City)  

SciTech Connect

In 1997, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established the ''Heat Island Reduction Initiative'' to quantify the potential benefits of Heat-Island Reduction (HIR) strategies (i.e., shade trees, reflective roofs, reflective pavements and urban vegetation) to reduce cooling-energy use in buildings, lower the ambient air temperature and improve urban air quality in cities, and reduce CO2 emissions from power plants. Under this initiative, the Urban Heat Island Pilot Project (UHIPP) was created with the objective of investigating the potential of HIR strategies in residential and commercial buildings in three initial UHIPP cities: Baton Rouge, LA; Sacramento, CA; and Salt Lake City, UT. Later two other cities, Chicago, IL and Houston, TX were added to the UHIPP. In an earlier report we summarized our efforts to calculate the annual energy savings, peak power avoidance, and annual CO2 reduction obtainable from the introduction of HIR strategies in the initial three cities. This report summarizes the results of our study for Chicago and Houston. In this analysis, we focused on three building types that offer the highest potential savings: single-family residence, office and retail store. Each building type was characterized in detail by vintage and system type (i.e., old and new building constructions, and gas and electric heat). We used the prototypical building characteristics developed earlier for each building type and simulated the impact of HIR strategies on building cooling- and heating-energy use and peak power demand using the DOE-2.1E model. Our simulations included the impact of (1) strategically-placed shade trees near buildings [direct effect], (2) use of high-albedo roofing material on the building [direct effect], (3) urban reforestation with high-albedo pavements and building surfaces [indirect effect] and (4) combined strategies 1, 2, and 3 [direct and indirect effects]. We then estimated the total roof area of air-conditioned buildings in each city using readily obtainable data to calculate the metropolitan-wide impact of HIR strategies. The results show that in Chicago, potential annual energy savings of $30M could be realized by ratepayers from the combined direct and indirect effects of HIR strategies. Additionally, peak power avoidance is estimated at 400 MW and the reduction in annual carbon emissions at 58 ktC. In Houston, the potential annual energy savings are estimated at $82M, with an avoidance of 730 MW in peak power and a reduction in annual carbon emissions of 170 ktC.

Konopacki, S.; Akbari, H.

2002-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

123

Energy savings for heat-island reduction strategies in Chicago and Houston (including updates for Baton Rouge, Sacramento, and Salt Lake City)  

SciTech Connect

In 1997, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established the ''Heat Island Reduction Initiative'' to quantify the potential benefits of Heat-Island Reduction (HIR) strategies (i.e., shade trees, reflective roofs, reflective pavements and urban vegetation) to reduce cooling-energy use in buildings, lower the ambient air temperature and improve urban air quality in cities, and reduce CO2 emissions from power plants. Under this initiative, the Urban Heat Island Pilot Project (UHIPP) was created with the objective of investigating the potential of HIR strategies in residential and commercial buildings in three initial UHIPP cities: Baton Rouge, LA; Sacramento, CA; and Salt Lake City, UT. Later two other cities, Chicago, IL and Houston, TX were added to the UHIPP. In an earlier report we summarized our efforts to calculate the annual energy savings, peak power avoidance, and annual CO2 reduction obtainable from the introduction of HIR strategies in the initial three cities. This report summarizes the results of our study for Chicago and Houston. In this analysis, we focused on three building types that offer the highest potential savings: single-family residence, office and retail store. Each building type was characterized in detail by vintage and system type (i.e., old and new building constructions, and gas and electric heat). We used the prototypical building characteristics developed earlier for each building type and simulated the impact of HIR strategies on building cooling- and heating-energy use and peak power demand using the DOE-2.1E model. Our simulations included the impact of (1) strategically-placed shade trees near buildings [direct effect], (2) use of high-albedo roofing material on the building [direct effect], (3) urban reforestation with high-albedo pavements and building surfaces [indirect effect] and (4) combined strategies 1, 2, and 3 [direct and indirect effects]. We then estimated the total roof area of air-conditioned buildings in each city using readily obtainable data to calculate the metropolitan-wide impact of HIR strategies. The results show that in Chicago, potential annual energy savings of $30M could be realized by ratepayers from the combined direct and indirect effects of HIR strategies. Additionally, peak power avoidance is estimated at 400 MW and the reduction in annual carbon emissions at 58 ktC. In Houston, the potential annual energy savings are estimated at $82M, with an avoidance of 730 MW in peak power and a reduction in annual carbon emissions of 170 ktC.

Konopacki, S.; Akbari, H.

2002-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

124

Analyzing the techniques that improve fault tolerance of aggregation trees in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks are finding significant applications in large scale distributed systems. One of the basic operations in sensor networks is in-network aggregation. Among the various approaches to in-network aggregation, such as gossip and tree, including ... Keywords: Aggregation, Fault tolerance, Modeling faults, Reliability, Sensor network

Laukik Chitnis; Alin Dobra; Sanjay Ranka

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Institutional Logics from the Aggregation of Organizational Networks: Operational Procedures for the Analysis of Counted Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address some problems of network aggregation that are central to organizational studies. We show that concepts of network equivalence (including generalizations and special cases of structural equivalence) are relevant to the modeling of the aggregation ... Keywords: aggregation, co-constitution of organizational identities and practices, loglinear models, organizational fields, structural equivalence

Ronald L. Breiger; John W. Mohr

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Data Aggregation and Monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the fast- moving cybersecurity technology market. ... Background 28 Energy companies rely on ... sensors 71 Security information sharing capabilities ...

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

127

Sourcebook on the production of electricity from geothermal energy. Draft: Chapter 4, Section 4. 4. Status of the development of the total flow system for electric power production from geothermal energy. [Includes glossary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Discussion is presented under the following section headings: introduction; characteristics of wellhead fluid; energy conversion concepts (including subsections, the flashed steam system, the total flow concept, and comparison of total flow expanders); brine chemistry effects; a possible total flow system design; and references, bibliography, glossary, and figures. (JGB)

Austin, A.L.; Ryley, D.J.

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Calculating excited states of molecular aggregates by the renormalized excitonic method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we apply the recently developed \\emph{ab initio} renormalized excitonic method (REM) to the excitation energy calculations of various molecular aggregates, through the extension of REM to the time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT). Tested molecular aggregate systems include one-dimensional hydrogen-bonded water chains, ring crystals with $\\pi$-$\\pi$ stacking or van-der Waals interactions and the general aqueous systems with polar and non-polar solutes. The basis set factor as well as the effect of the exchange-correlation functionals are also investigated. The results indicate that the REM-TDDFT method with suitable basis set and exchange-correlation functionals can give good descriptions of excitation energies and excitation area for lowest electronic excitations in the molecular aggregate systems with economic computational costs. It's shown that the deviations of REM-TDDFT excitation energies from those by standard TDDFT are much less than 0.1 eV and the computational time can be r...

Ma, Yingjin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Social network effects on information aggregation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we investigated how sociometric information can be used to improve different methods of aggregating dispersed information. We specifically compared four different approaches of information aggregation: ...

Mulanda, Chilongo D

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Selling Random Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind Energy Aggregation and Profit Sharing 4.1 Introduction4.4 A Coalitional Game for Wind Energy Aggregation . 4.4.1large and unscheduled wind energy on the BPA system, 3rd

Bitar, Eilyan Yamen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Optimizing lifetime for continuous data aggregation with precision guarantees in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper exploits the tradeoff between data quality and energy consumption to extend the lifetime of wireless sensor networks. To obtain an aggregate form of sensor data with precision guarantees, the precision constraint is partitioned and allocated ... Keywords: data accuracy, data aggregation, energy efficiency, network lifetime, sensor network

Xueyan Tang; Jianliang Xu

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Incremental computation and maintenance of temporal aggregates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract.We consider the problems of computing aggregation queries in temporal databases and of maintaining materialized temporal aggregate views efficiently. The latter problem is particularly challenging since a single data update can cause aggregate ... Keywords: Access methods, Aggregation, B-tree, Segment tree, Temporal database, View maintenance

Jun Yang; Jennifer Widom

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

IN-VIVO EXPOSURE CHARACTERIZATION AND VISUALIZATION OF SWNH AGGREGATES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As the manufacturing and use of nanomaterials and nanoparticle clusters/aggregates become prevalent in the future, it will be necessary to understand the biological interactions with this new class of materials introduced through various routes, intentionally or unintentionally. However, there currently exist a host of technical/methodological issues related to nanotoxicological study. For example, the ability to generate reproducible precision nanomaterial and nanoparticles is critically needed for both toxicological evaluation and pharmaceutical applications. Technology for tracing and visualization of nanomaterials in biological systems are also lacking. Single-walled carbon nanohorn (SWNH) is a unique carbon nanostructure belonging to the same family as the famous carbon nanotubes. SWNH aggregates can be produced through laser vaporization of carbon at room temperature; the aggregates are of particular interest to energy application such as hydrogen storage and new-generation of fuel cells. Unlike carbon nanotubes that are made using metal catalysts, SWNHs can be made without the use of a metal catalyst providing an opportunity for nanotoxicological study of purest carbon nanoparticles with no complication of trace metal toxicity that the nanotubes might have. We summarize results from our ongoing biological research on SWNHs. Our results were from in vivo animal aspiration experiments, in contrast to the results of a recent publication that were based on phenotypic observation of cell-line exposure experiments. The characterization results of ORNL-produced SWNHs are presented in Figure 1, which include low- (Figure 1a) and high-resolution (Figure 1b) structural images of SWNHs, the thermal gravimetric analysis (Figure 1c) and characteristic Raman (Figure 1d) results. We coated the SWNH powder with Pluronic F-127, which is a biocompatible polymer, to facilitate the dispersion of SWNHs in suspension during pressure-driven nebulization in mice aspiration and nose-only inhalation experiments. The phenotypic and genomic expression results are reported by. Twenty-two inflammatory measures from bronchoalveolar lavage were assayed. Only five showed significant changes from the control (e.g., G-CSF, GM-CSF, IP-10, and IL-5) in 24 hours after exposure indicating acute inflammatory responses; however, the responses subsided in 7 days and no significant difference could be found between the control and exposed groups. Whole lung microarray analysis also found few differences between SWNH-exposed and controls of several genes in 24 hours. The SWNH aggregates did penetrate cell membranes; the stained optical microscopy images show the presence of SWNH aggregates in mice red blood cell. The images results are consistent with visualization by using the Scanning Near Field Ultrasound Holography (SNFUH) available at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The SNFUH also provided transport information regarding the transport dynamics of the SWNH aggregates into the cells. The visualization showing consistent results with those obtained from the stained optical microscopy.

Lynch, Rachel M [ORNL; Voy, Brynn H [ORNL; Zhao, Bin [ORNL; Mahurin, Shannon Mark [ORNL; Thundat, Thomas George [ORNL; Cheng, Mengdawn [ORNL; Passian, Ali [ORNL; Venmar, Katherine T [ORNL; Tetard, Laurene [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

including notice, is given to the source. Evidence from Two Large Field Experiments that Peer Comparison Feedback Can Reduce Residential Energy Usage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Special thanks to Tyler Curtis and Alex Laskey from Positive Energy/oPower for contributing criticism to earlier drafts. The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect

Ian Ayres; Sophie Raseman; Ian Ayres; Sophie Raseman; Alice Shih; Ian Ayres; Alice Shih; Sophie Raseman

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Figures Aggregate energy usage statistics are insu?cientmonitoring of individual energy usages in real-time. . . . .Aggregated energy usage by appliance type normalized by

Jiang, Xiaofan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Enrico Fermi Awards Ceremony for Dr. Mildred S. Dresselhaus and Dr. Burton Richter, May 2012 (Presentations, including remarks by Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Fermi Award is a Presidential award and is one of the oldest and most prestigious science and technology honors bestowed by the U.S. Government. On May 7, 2012 it was conferred upon two exceptional scientists: Dr. Mildred Dresselhaus, 'for her scientific leadership, her major contributions to science and energy policy, her selfless work in science education and the advancement of diversity in the scientific workplace, and her highly original and impactful research,' and Dr. Burton Richter, 'for the breadth of his influence in the multiple disciplines of accelerator physics and particle physics, his profound scientific discoveries, his visionary leadership as SLAC Director, his leadership of science, and his notable contributions in energy and public policy.' Dr. John Holder, Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, opened the ceremony, and Dr. Bill Brinkman, Director of DOE's Office of Science introduced the main speaker, Dr. Steven Chu, U.S. Energy Secretary.

Chu, Steven (U.S. Energy Secretary)

2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

137

Aggregation operators for fuzzy ontologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fuzzy ontologies extend classical ontologies to allow the representation of imprecise and vague knowledge. Although a relatively important amount of work has been carried out in the field during the last years and they have been successfully used in ... Keywords: Aggregation operators, Fuzzy Description Logics, Fuzzy integrals, Fuzzy ontologies, Logic for the Semantic Web

Fernando Bobillo, Umberto Straccia

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from physical energy intensity indicators (energy consumedin constructing energy intensity indicators than value-addedAll aggregate indicators of energy intensity within sectors

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Petrography study on altered flint aggregate by alkali-silica reaction  

SciTech Connect

The aim of our study is to improve our understanding of an alkali-silica reaction (ASR) via petrography. We used a chemical concrete subsystem: flint aggregate, portlandite and KOH. The altered flint aggregate is followed by optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) before and after acid treatment at different intervals. After acid treatment, the observations showed an increase in aggregate porosity and revealed internal degradation of the aggregate. This degradation created amorphous zones. Before acid treatment, the analyses on polished sections by scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) enabled visualization of K{sup +} and Ca{sup 2+} penetration into the aggregate. The appearance of amorphous zones and penetration of positive ions into the aggregate are correlated with the increase in the molar fraction of silanol sites. This degradation is specific to the alkali-silica reaction.

Bulteel, D. [Departement Genie Civil de l'Ecole Nationale Superieure des Techniques Industrielles et des Mines de Douai, 941 rue Charles Bourseul, B.P. 838, F-59508, DOUAI Cedex (France)]. E-mail: bulteel@ensm-douai.fr; Rafai, N. [Laboratoire d'Etude et de Recherches des Materiaux a Arles, F-13631 ARLES (France); Degrugilliers, P. [Departement Genie Civil de l'Ecole Nationale Superieure des Techniques Industrielles et des Mines de Douai, 941 rue Charles Bourseul, B.P. 838, F-59508, DOUAI Cedex (France); Garcia-Diaz, E. [Departement Genie Civil de l'Ecole Nationale Superieure des Techniques Industrielles et des Mines de Douai, 941 rue Charles Bourseul, B.P. 838, F-59508, DOUAI Cedex (France)

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

Citizen engagement with information aggregation markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Participatory governance entails converting citizens from passive users of administrative decisions into active participants of political procedures. Public institutions and organizations can benefit from methods and tools able to aggregate and interpret ... Keywords: citizen engagement, information aggregation markets, public participation

Efthimios Bothos; Dimitris Apostolou; Gregoris Mentzas

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Representing aggregate works in the digital library  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the challenge of representing aggregate works such as encyclopedias, collected poems and journals in heterogenous digital library collections. Reflecting on the materials used by humanities academics, we demonstrate the varied range ... Keywords: aggregate documents, architecture, digital libraries

George Buchanan; Jeremy Gow; Ann Blandford; Jon Rimmer; Claire Warwick

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Optimal aggregation of linear time series models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aggregation is a central and mainly unsolved problem in econometrics. When considering linear time series models, a widely used method is to replace the disaggregate model by an aggregative one in which the variables are grouped and replaced by sums ... Keywords: Aggregation, Industrial classification, Threshold accepting

J. Chipman; P. Winker

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Evaluation of Aggregate Materials in Florida's Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Aggregates consultant Joe Besharat Districts Three Materials Office, FDOT Aggregates Roland Boney Florida operations Don Conner Rail Management, Inc. Rail logistics John Paul Crews District Two Materials Office Materials Office, FDOT Aggregates Rob Duke Rinker Materials Mine sales and marketing Robert (Bobbi G

144

PRODUCTION OF CONSTRUCTION AGGREGATES FROM FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION SLUDGE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The three main conclusions of this report are: (1) The pilot plant successfully demonstrated the continuous, fully-integrated, long-term process operation, including the mixing, pelletizing, and curing steps for aggregate production. The curing vessel, which was designed for the pilot plant test, was operated in a mass flow mode and performed well during pilot plant operation. (2) The pilot plant test demonstrated process flexibility. The same equipment was used to produce lightweight, medium-weight, and road aggregates. The only change was the mix formulation. Aggregates were produced from a variety of mix designs and from FGD sludge with solids concentrations between 45.0% and 56.7% and moisture contents between 55.0% and 43.3%. (3) The pilot plant provided operating data and experience to design and cost a commercial plant, which was not part of the cooperative agreement.

M.M. Wu; D.C. McCoy; R.O. Scandrol; M.L. Fenger; J.A. Withum; R.M. Statnick

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Preprint of: A.H. Nosrat, L.G. Swan, J.M. Pearce, Improved Performance of Hybrid Photovoltaic-Trigeneration Systems Over Photovoltaic-Cogen Systems Including Effects of Battery Storage, Energy 49, pp. 366-374 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.201  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Trigeneration Systems Over Photovoltaic-Cogen Systems Including Effects of Battery Storage, Energy 49, pp. 366-374 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2012.11.005 Improved Performance of Hybrid Photovoltaic Photovoltaic-Cogen Systems Including Effects of Battery Storage, Energy 49, pp. 366-374 (2013). http

146

California Energy Commission LEAD COMMISSIONER DRAFT REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

utilities), electric service providers, and community choice aggregators. The report also includes minor

147

California Energy Commission STAFF DRAFT REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and community choice aggregators. The report also includes minor updates to claims made by select retail

148

The Rhne-Aggregation Land Surface Scheme Intercomparison Project: An Overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Rhne-Aggregation (Rhne-AGG) Land Surface Scheme (LSS) intercomparison project is an initiative within the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX)/Global LandAtmosphere System Study (GLASS) panel of the World Climate Research ...

A. Boone; F. Habets; J. Noilhan; D. Clark; P. Dirmeyer; S. Fox; Y. Gusev; I. Haddeland; R. Koster; D. Lohmann; S. Mahanama; K. Mitchell; O. Nasonova; G.-Y. Niu; A. Pitman; J. Polcher; A. B. Shmakin; K. Tanaka; B. van den Hurk; S. Vrant; D. Verseghy; P. Viterbo; Z.-L. Yang

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Aggregation in Large Dynamic Panels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;, and as = E (w0#8;s#28; ) = E(#21;s). Hence, for su ciently large N and T , the distributed lag coe cients can be consistently estimated by bas = 1N PN i=1 b#21;si , where b#21;i is the least square estimator of #21;i in the autoregressions (30... ). The distribution F#21; is not the same as the distribution of b#21;i when T is ?nite, but bas is consistent at least when T ! 1 followed by N ! 1. Both the aggregate and the disaggregate estimators are biased when T is small. Initially, we also report the estimates...

Pesaran, M. Hashem; Chudik, Alexander

2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

150

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The major energy sources in the United States are petroleum (oil), natural ... To compare or aggregate energy consumption across different energy sources like oil, ...

151

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

How can we compare or add up our energy consumption? To compare or aggregate energy consumption across different energy sources like oil, natural gas, ...

152

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

How can we compare or add up our energy consumption? To compare or aggregate energy consumption across different energy sources like oil, natural gas, and electricity ...

153

Petroleum Gasoline & Distillate Needs Including the Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Both cars and light trucks show significant improvement in efficiency to meet the EISAs light-duty vehicle 35-miles-per-gallon ... hybrid, and flex-fueled vehicles.

154

Net Metering (New Jersey) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric, Tidal Energy, Wave Energy, Wind Active Incentive Yes Implementing Sector StateTerritory Energy Category Renewable Energy Incentive Programs Aggregate Capacity...

155

Aggregate Absorption - A Methodology for Mixture ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Figure 2 provides representative desorption isotherms for an expanded shale lightweight aggregate, measured at a temperature of 20 C at NIST. ...

2005-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

156

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY UNIVERSAL AGGREGATES,...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash." The purpose of the cooperative agreement is to design, construct and operate a...

157

Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sulfide Aggregation Print Researchers from the ALS, Berkeley Lab's National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM), and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory analyzed biofilm...

158

Aggregating physical intensity indicators: results of applying the composite indicator approach to the Canadian industrial sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Issues surrounding the development, application and interpretation of energy intensity indicators are a continuing source of debate in the field of energy policy analysis. Although economic energy intensity indicators still dominate intensity/efficiency studies, the use of physical energy intensity indicators is on the rise. In the past, physical energy intensity indicators were not employed since it was often impossible to develop aggregate (sector-level or nation-wide) measures of physical energy intensity due to the difficulties associated with adding diverse physical products. This paper presents the results of research conducted specifically to address this aggregation problem. The research focused on the development of the Composite Indicator Approach, a simple, practical, alternative method for calculating aggregate physical energy intensity indicators. In this paper, the Composite Indicator Approach is used to develop physical energy intensity indicators for the Canadian industrial and manufacturing sectors, and is then compared to other existing methods of aggregation. The physical composite indicators developed using this approach are also evaluated in terms of their reliability and overall usefulness. Both comparisons suggest that the Composite Indicator Approach can be a useful, and ultimately suitable, way of addressing the aggregation problem typically associated with heterogeneous sectors of the economy. r

Mallika N; John Nyboer; Mark Jaccard

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Defect aggregation kinetics in calcium fluoride  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Defects in solid materials are responsible for many of their most interesting and critical properties. The authors have developed a site-selective laser technique that allows us to monitor the aggregation of rare earth ion defects in solids on the microscopic scale. This excitation absorption laser method enables us to derive kinetic rate information and thermodynamic parameters for the distribution of defects in solids. For doped materials, various types of defects arise when the dopant ions have ionic charges that differ from the charges of host crystal ions. In model systems such as alkaline earth fluorides doped with trivalent rare earth ions, some defect sites consist of a single dopant ion, while others consist of clusters of dopant cations and interstitial anions. Heat treatment of doped samples leads to a distribution of the various types of defect sites that is characteristic of the temperature and length of heat treatment and the total dopant ion concentration. The results from a study of the formation of trivalent europium ion defect aggregates in calcium fluoride indicate that our method successfully monitors changes in individual site concentrations resulting from heat treatment. The results of this study are consistent with the formation of negatively charged dimer and trimer defects in Eu{sup 3+}:CaF{sub 2} crystals from isolated europium ion and (Eu:F{sub i}) single pair defects. In addition, he presents evidence for rapid equilibrium between the isolated ion and the single pair. Other work presented in this thesis includes the development of a high-temperature fluorine oxidation apparatus that was used to convert divalent europium ions to the trivalent state in calcium fluoride single crystals. This apparatus was also used to increase the superconducting {Tc}'s of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-x} through modification of copper-oxygen oxidation states.

Cirillo, K.M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Appendix F Cultural Resources, Including  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appendix F Appendix F Cultural Resources, Including Section 106 Consultation STATE OF CALIFORNIA - THE RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN, JR., Governor OFFICE OF HISTORIC PRESERVATION DEPARTMENT OF PARKS AND RECREATION 1725 23 rd Street, Suite 100 SACRAMENTO, CA 95816-7100 (916) 445-7000 Fax: (916) 445-7053 calshpo@parks.ca.gov www.ohp.parks.ca.gov June 14, 2011 Reply in Reference To: DOE110407A Angela Colamaria Loan Programs Office Environmental Compliance Division Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave SW, LP-10 Washington, DC 20585 Re: Topaz Solar Farm, San Luis Obispo County, California Dear Ms. Colamaria: Thank you for seeking my consultation regarding the above noted undertaking. Pursuant to 36 CFR Part 800 (as amended 8-05-04) regulations implementing Section

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Controlling the architectures and optical properties of conjugated polymer aggregates and films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The semiconducting properties of conjugated polymers are finding use in various optoelectronic applications, including chemical sensors and light-emitting diodes. In this thesis, we investigate aggregation in conjugated ...

Satrijo, Andrew

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Topology Aggregation for E-science Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose several algorithms for topology aggregation (TA) to effectively summarize large-scale networks. These TA techniques are shown to significantly better for path requests in e-Science that may consist of simultaneous reservation of multiple paths ... Keywords: Topology aggregation, Multi-domain routing, EScience

Eun-Sung Jung; Sanjay Ranka; Sartaj Sahni

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Trust network-based filtering of aggregated claims  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On the semantic web, assertions may be aggregated from many sources, those aggregations filtered, reasoned over, aggregated with other aggregators, displayed, scraped, extracted, recombined, and otherwise processed without significant human oversight. ... Keywords: aggregated claims, assertions, information filtering, knowledge bases, ontologies, semantic web, social networks, source reputation, trust networks, trust rating, trustworthiness

Jennifer Golbeck; Bijan Parsia

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

State energy price and expenditure report 1993  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates individually for the 50 states and the District of Columbia and in aggregate for the US. The five economic sectors used in SEPER correspond to those used in SEDR and are residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric utility. Documentation in appendices describe how the price estimates are developed, provide conversion factors for measures used in the energy analysis, and include a glossary. 65 tabs.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Model for Aggregated Water Heater Load Using Dynamic Bayesian Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transition to the new generation power grid, or smart grid, requires novel ways of using and analyzing data collected from the grid infrastructure. Fundamental functionalities like demand response (DR), that the smart grid needs, rely heavily on the ability of the energy providers and distributors to forecast the load behavior of appliances under different DR strategies. This paper presents a new model of aggregated water heater load, based on dynamic Bayesian networks (DBNs). The model has been validated against simulated data from an open source distribution simulation software (GridLAB-D). The results presented in this paper demonstrate that the DBN model accurately tracks the load profile curves of aggregated water heaters under different testing scenarios.

Vlachopoulou, Maria; Chin, George; Fuller, Jason C.; Lu, Shuai; Kalsi, Karanjit

2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

166

DOE/EA-1449; Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash, King George County, Virginia (August 2002)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 9 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash, King George County, Virginia United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory August 2002 Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray-dryer Ash, King George County, Virginia ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT 2 National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance Cover Sheet Proposed Action: The proposed action is for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to provide cost- shared financial support to Universal Aggregates, LLC, for the design, construction, and operation of a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Mirant-Birchwood Power Plant Facility (Mirant-Birchwood Facility) in King George County, Virginia.

167

DURABILITY EVALUATION AND PRODUCTION OF MANUFACTURED AGGREGATES FROM COAL COMBUSTION BY-PRODUCTS  

SciTech Connect

Under the cooperative agreement with DOE, the Research and Development Department of CONSOL Energy (CONSOL R&D), teamed with Universal Aggregates, LLC, to conduct a systematic study of the durability of aggregates manufactured using a variety of flue gas desulfurization (FGD), fluidized-bed combustion (FBC) and fly ash specimens with different chemical and physical properties and under different freeze/thaw, wet/dry and long-term natural weathering conditions. The objectives of the study are to establish the relationships among the durability and characteristics of FGD material, FBC ash and fly ash, and to identify the causes of durability problems, and, ultimately, to increase the utilization of FGD material, FBC ash and fly ash as a construction material. Manufactured aggregates made from FGD material, FBC ash and fly ash, and products made from those manufactured aggregates were used in the study. The project is divided into the following activities: sample collection and characterization; characterization and preparation of manufactured aggregates; determination of durability characteristics of manufactured aggregates; preparation and determination of durability characteristics of manufactured aggregate products; and data evaluation and reporting.

M. M. Wu

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

NETL: PPII - Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash - Project Brief PDF-72KB Universal Aggregates, LLC, King George County, VA...

169

Performance Profiles of Major Energy Producers - Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Glossary For Teachers. Energy ... while proceeds from issuing long-term debt increased slightly to $77 billion. ... Description of Financial Terms; Aggregate Data ...

170

Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shows key indicators of aggregate energy intensity in sevenEnergy (EERE) of Department of Energy (DOE), 2006. Indicators of Energy Intensity

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Performance Contracting and Energy Efficiency in the State Government Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10 Table 9. Baseline annual energy consumption (million10. Baseline annual energy consumption of State governmenton aggregate energy consumption, expenditures and energy

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Aggregation of Ice Crystals in Cirrus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results are given from analysis of the aggregation of thick plate, columnar, and bullet rosette ice crystals in cirrus. Data were obtained from PMS 2D-C images, oil coated slides, and aircraft meteorological measurements. Crystal size ranged from ...

Masahiro Kajikawa; Andrew J. Heymsfield

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Costs of aggregate hydrocarbon reserve additions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In what follows, we highlight problems created by aggregation using fixed conversion coefficients (Section 1). We then offer an economic index approach as an alternative, one that recognizes changing relative values of oil ...

Adelman, Morris Albert

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Brasil: basic resource aggregation system infrastructure layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Brasil is a self-contained service which can be deployed across a cluster to provide a dataflow workload distribution and communication aggregation mechanism. Together with our dataflow shell, named PUSH, it is intended to be used for the management ...

Eric Van Hensbergen; Pravin Shinde; Noah Evans

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Buildings Included on EMS Reports"  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Buildings Included on EMS Reports" "Site","Property Name","Property ID","GSF","Incl. in Water Baseline (CY2007)","Water Baseline (sq. ft.)","Water CY2008 (sq. ft.)","Water CY2009 (sq. ft.)","Water Notes","Incl. in Energy Baseline (CY2003)","Energy Baseline (sq. ft.)","CY2008 Energy (sq. ft.)","CY2009 Energy (sq. ft.)","Energy Notes","Included as Existing Building","CY2008 Existing Building (sq. ft.)","Reason for Building Exclusion" "Column Totals",,"Totals",115139,,10579,10579,22512,,,3183365,26374,115374,,,99476 "Durango, CO, Disposal/Processing Site","STORAGE SHED","DUD-BLDG-STORSHED",100,"no",,,,,"no",,,,"OSF","no",,"Less than 5,000 GSF"

176

Aggregation in the USA Electricity Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report examines current and likely future activity in the electricity aggregation market. Using a combination of quantitative and qualitative techniques, the study was designed to provide an understanding of the types of organizations that are currently involved in marketing or aggregating electricity, motives underlying current levels of activity, and preferred types of participation for those choosing to involve themselves. In addition the study examined why other organizations had decided not to ...

1999-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

177

Aggregation in the USA Electricity Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report examined current and likely future activity in the electricity aggregation market. Using a combination of quantitative and qualitative techniques, the study was designed to provide an understanding of the types of organizations that are currently involved in marketing for aggregating electricity, motives underlying current levels of activity, and preferred types of participation for those choosing to involve themselves. In addition the study examined why other organizations had decided not to...

1999-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

178

Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Print Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Print Researchers from the ALS, Berkeley Lab's National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM), and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory analyzed biofilm samples rich in zinc sulfide and dominated by sulfate-reducing bacteria, which were collected from lead-zinc mine waters. The researchers were curious about the relationship of the organic material and metals, particularly how organics affect mobility, and its potential for bioremediation. It is known that some organics promote aggregation. Amine-bearing molecules, for example, can organize sulfide nanoparticles into semiconductor nanowires. The research team used a series of imaging techniques and detectors to analyze aggregates of biogenic zinc sulfide nanocrystals in the biofilms. Their examination yielded excellent results and some surprises. They were able to prove that natural organic matter promotes dense aggregation of the zinc sulfide nanocrystals into much larger spheroids and that the organic matter is preserved in nanometer-scale pores in the spheroids. What was not expected was the presence of proteins in the spheroids, making them a key component in aggregation and an example of extracellular biomineralization.

179

Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Print Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Print Researchers from the ALS, Berkeley Lab's National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM), and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory analyzed biofilm samples rich in zinc sulfide and dominated by sulfate-reducing bacteria, which were collected from lead-zinc mine waters. The researchers were curious about the relationship of the organic material and metals, particularly how organics affect mobility, and its potential for bioremediation. It is known that some organics promote aggregation. Amine-bearing molecules, for example, can organize sulfide nanoparticles into semiconductor nanowires. The research team used a series of imaging techniques and detectors to analyze aggregates of biogenic zinc sulfide nanocrystals in the biofilms. Their examination yielded excellent results and some surprises. They were able to prove that natural organic matter promotes dense aggregation of the zinc sulfide nanocrystals into much larger spheroids and that the organic matter is preserved in nanometer-scale pores in the spheroids. What was not expected was the presence of proteins in the spheroids, making them a key component in aggregation and an example of extracellular biomineralization.

180

Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Extracellular Proteins Promote Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Extracellular Proteins Promote Zinc Sulfide Aggregation Print Wednesday, 26 September 2007 00:00 Researchers from the ALS, Berkeley Lab's National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM), and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory analyzed biofilm samples rich in zinc sulfide and dominated by sulfate-reducing bacteria, which were collected from lead-zinc mine waters. The researchers were curious about the relationship of the organic material and metals, particularly how organics affect mobility, and its potential for bioremediation. It is known that some organics promote aggregation. Amine-bearing molecules, for example, can organize sulfide nanoparticles into semiconductor nanowires. The research team used a series of imaging techniques and detectors to analyze aggregates of biogenic zinc sulfide nanocrystals in the biofilms. Their examination yielded excellent results and some surprises. They were able to prove that natural organic matter promotes dense aggregation of the zinc sulfide nanocrystals into much larger spheroids and that the organic matter is preserved in nanometer-scale pores in the spheroids. What was not expected was the presence of proteins in the spheroids, making them a key component in aggregation and an example of extracellular biomineralization.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

An Iterative Aggregation/Disaggregation Approach for the Solution of a Mixed Integer Nonlinear Oilfield Infrastructure Planning Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A multiperiod MINLP model for offshore oilfield infrastructure planning is presented where nonlinear reservoir behavior is incorporated directly into the formulation. Discrete decisions include the selection of production platforms, well platforms and wells to be installed/drilled, as well as the drilling schedule for the wells over the planning horizon. Continuous decisions include the capacities of the platforms, as well as the production profile for each well in each time period. For the solution of this model, an iterative aggregation/disaggregation algorithm is proposed in which logic-based methods, a bilevel decomposition technique, the use of convex envelopes and aggregation of time periods are integrated. Furthermore, a novel dynamic programming sub-problem is proposed to improve the aggregation scheme at each iteration in order to obtain an aggregate problem that resembles the disaggregate problem more closely. A number of examples are presented to illustrate the performance of the proposed method. Keywords Oilfield planning, MINLP, aggregation, decomposition

Susara A. Van Den Heever; Ignacio Grossmann

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Answering ad hoc aggregate queries from data streams using prefix aggregate trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In some business applications such as trading management in financial institutions, it is required to accurately answer ad hoc aggregate queries over data streams. Materializing and incrementally maintaining a full data cube or even its compression or ... Keywords: Aggregate query, Data cube, Data stream, Data warehousing, Online analytic processing (OLAP)

Moonjung Cho; Jian Pei; Ke Wang

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Evaluation of superpave fine aggregate specification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Superpave[] was the final product of the Strategic Highway Research Program's (SHRP) asphalt pavement research effort during 1987-93. Some aspects of the Superpave aggregate specifications are not universally accepted. The validity of the fine aggregate angularity (FAA) requirement is questioned by both the owner agencies and the paving and aggregate industries. The FAA test is based on the assumption that more fractured faces will result in higher void content in the loosely compacted sample; however, this is not always true. The aggregate industry has found that cubical shaped particles, even with 100% fractured faces, may not meet the FAA requirement for high-volume traffic. State agencies are concerned that local materials previously considered acceptable and which have provided good field performance, now cannot meet the Superpave requirements. Twenty three-fine aggregates from different part of the USA were tested using major angularity tests: FAA test, direct shear test, compacted aggregate resistance (CAR) test, image analysis Hough transform, and visual inspection. The results from those tests were compared with the available performance history. The FAA test method does not consistently identify angular, cubical aggregates as high quality materials. There is a fair correlation between the CAR stability value and angle of internal friction (AIF) from direct shear test. No correlation was found between FAA and CAR stability or between FAA and AIF. A good correlation was found between FAA and K-index from Hough transform method. Some cubical crushed aggregates whose FAA values were less than 45 gave very high values of CAR stability, AIF and K-index. The statistical analysis of the SHRP LTPP database reveals that there is no evidence of any good linear relationship between FAA and rutting. Of the methods evaluated, image analysis using Hough transform appears most promising for measuring fine aggregate angularity. Until a replacement method for FAA can be identified, the author recommends that the FAA criteria be lowered from 45. The FAA vs. rutting data analysis should be continued with a larger amount of data as the LTPP SHRP database is expanded.

Chowdhury, Md. Tahjib-Ul-Arif

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Thermovoltaic semiconductor device including a plasma filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermovoltaic energy conversion device and related method for converting thermal energy into an electrical potential. An interference filter is provided on a semiconductor thermovoltaic cell to pre-filter black body radiation. The semiconductor thermovoltaic cell includes a P/N junction supported on a substrate which converts incident thermal energy below the semiconductor junction band gap into electrical potential. The semiconductor substrate is doped to provide a plasma filter which reflects back energy having a wavelength which is above the band gap and which is ineffectively filtered by the interference filter, through the P/N junction to the source of radiation thereby avoiding parasitic absorption of the unusable portion of the thermal radiation energy.

Baldasaro, Paul F. (Clifton Park, NY)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy, including Fundamental advances in nuclear fuels Nonproliferation safeguards Reactor concepts Reactor waste disposition Animation of new reactor concept for deep space...

186

Microeconomic Inventory Adjustment and Aggregate Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine microeconomic and aggregate inventory dynamics in the business sector of the U.S. economy. We employ high-frequency ...rm-level data and use an empirically tractable model, in which the aggregate dynamics are derived explicitly from the underlying microeconomic data. Our results show that the microeconomic adjustment function in both the manufacturing and trade sectors is nonlinear and asymmetric, results consistent with ...rms using (S; s)-type inventory policies. There are dierences in the estimated adjustment functions between the two sectors as well as the durable and nondurable goods ...rms within each sector. The estimated adjustment function is remarkably stable across subperiods, indicating little change in the inventory adjustment process over time. As predicted by our model, higher moments of the cross-sectional distribution of inventory deviations aect aggregate inventory dynamics. Both authors are aliated with the Research Department, Federal Reserve...

Jonathan Mccarthy; Egon Zakrajsek; We Thank Palle Andersen; Andy Caplin; Mark Gertler; John Haltiwanger; Jim Harrigan; Brad Humphreys; Spence Krane; Trish Mosser; Simon Potter; Tom Sargent

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Energy Storage and Distributed Generation in the Smart Grid: Characterization and Value Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many utilities are investing in the smart grid. These activities include acquiring the information and enterprise control technology that can communicate, control, and manage end-user loads and distributed energy resources. Smart grid investments are also intended to enable improved use, management, aggregation, and control of distributed energy resource (DER) assets including distributed generation and energy storage systems. However, little research has been conducted to estimate the value and cost of ...

2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

188

Selling Random Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Selling Random Energy in a Two-Settlement System 3.1Wind Energy Aggregation and Profit Sharing 4.1 IntroductionPower Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3.2 Energy Storage

Bitar, Eilyan Yamen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1991  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aggregate Aggregate Ratio: See Mean and Ratio Estimate. AMPD: Average miles driven per day. See Appendix B, "Estimation Methodologies." Annual Vehicle Miles Traveled: See Vehicle Miles Traveled. Automobile: Includes standard passenger car, 2-seater car and station wagons; excludes passenger vans, cargo vans, motor homes, pickup trucks, and jeeps or similar vehicles. See Vehicle. Average Household Energy Expenditures: A ratio estimate defined as the total household energy expenditures for all RTECS households divided by the total number of households. See Ratio Estimate, and Combined Household Energy Expenditures. Average Number of Vehicles per Household: The average number of vehicles used by a household for personal transportation during 1991. For this report, the average number of vehicles per household is computed as the ratio of the total number of vehicles to the

190

UKERC ENERGY RESEARCH ATLAS: CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE (version 10 February 2008) Section 1: An overview which includes a broad characterisation of research activity in the sector and the key research challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficiency, renewable energy, transportation, conservation, fossil energy, fusion energy, nuclear power platforms. Automated catalyst bench flow reactor FEERC completed installation of a fully auto- mated bench core reactor (Figure 17) that can be operated unattended, around-the-clock, which is essential

Haszeldine, Stuart

191

Reduced-Order Modeling of Aggregated Thermostatic Loads With Demand Response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Demand Response is playing an increasingly important role in smart grid control strategies. Modeling the behavior of populations of appliances under demand response is especially important to evaluate the effectiveness of these demand response programs. In this paper, an aggregated model is proposed for a class of Thermostatically Controlled Loads (TCLs). The model efficiently includes statistical information of the population, systematically deals with heterogeneity, and accounts for a second-order effect necessary to accurately capture the transient dynamics in the collective response. However, an accurate characterization of the collective dynamics however requires the aggregate model to have a high state space dimension. Most of the existing model reduction techniques require the stability of the underlying system which does not hold for the proposed aggregated model. In this work, a novel model reduction approach is developed for the proposed aggregated model, which can significantly reduce its complexity with small performance loss. The original and the reducedorder aggregated models are validated against simulations of thousands of detailed building models using GridLAB-D, which is a realistic open source distribution simulation software. Index Terms demand response, aggregated model, ancillary

Zhang, Wei; Lian, Jianming; Chang, Chin-Yao; Kalsi, Karanjit; Sun, Yannan

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

192

Mine-to-Mill Optimization of Aggregate Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mine-to-Mill optimization is a total systems approach to the reduction of energy and cost in mining and processing. Developed at the Julius Krutschnitt Mineral Research Center in Queensland, Australia, the Mine-to-Mill approach attempts to minimize energy consumption through optimization of all steps in the size reduction process. The approach involves sampling and modeling of blasting and processing, followed by computer simulation to optimize the operation and develop alternatives. The most promising alternatives are implemented, and sampling is conducted to quantify benefits. In the current project, the primary objective was to adapt Mine-to-Mill technology to the aggregates industry. The first phase of this work was carried out at the Bealeton Quarry near Fredericksburg, Virginia. The second phase was carried out at the Pittsboro Quarry south of Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Both quarries are operated by Luck Stone Corporation of Richmond, Virginia. As a result of the work, several conclusions can be drawn from the project which should assist DOE in assessing the applicability of the Mine-to-Mill approach to the aggregates industry. 1. Implementation of MTM guidelines at Pittsboro has resulted in tangible improvements in productivity. It is clear that MTM guidelines represent an energy savings of around 5% (primary and secondary) and an overall energy savings of 1%. This 1-5% energy savings is also consistent with simulated results for Bealeton had side-by-side shots used to evaluate the technology been carried out in the same rockmass. 2. Luck Stone clearly runs their operations at a high standard. Hence the percentage improvement realized in this project may represent the lower end of what might be expected overall in the aggregates industry. 3. Variability in ore types across both Bealeton and Pittsboro suggests a 2:1 difference in hardness which contradicts the misconception that quarry rock is homogenous. Therefore, the idea of comparing side-by-side blasts is not viable and long term comparisons stand the best chance of confirming the benefits of optimized blasting. 4. There are clear limitations on how much improvement can be made in the aggregate industry due to the fixed feed size that reports to the tertiary section of a typical aggregate plant. These limitations restrict the MTM approach from exercising significant increases in blasting which would only serve to increase fines and reduce product yield. 5. The key to success at Pittsboro was the development of MTM guidelines for the modified blasting practice in consultation with the drill & blast crew. Their full buy-in was necessary to implement optimized blasting in a sustained manner. 6. The JKSimBlast and JKSimMet models have proven to be effective tools for examining blasting and processing at Bealeton and Pittsboro. These models should enable Luck Stone to transfer the MTM approach to other sites.

Greg Adel; Toni Kojovic; Darren Thornton

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

193

Propagating and aggregating trust with uncertainty measure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trust networks have been recognized as a valuable component of many modern systems, such as e-commerce or recommender systems, as they provide a way of quality assessment. In addition to adequate modeling of trust in such network, two fundamental issues ... Keywords: IFS, global trust, intuitionistic fuzzy sets, local trust, relative scalar cardinality of IFS, trust aggregation, trust propagation

Anna Stachowiak

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Programming with partially specified aggregates in Java  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Various forms of data aggregates, e.g., arrays, lists, sets, etc., are usually provided by programming languages, either as primitive entities or as additional features made available by standard libraries. In conventional programming languages these ... Keywords: Constraints, Declarative programming, Finite sets, Logical variables

F. Bergenti; L. Chiarabini; G. Rossi

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Aggregate Terminal Velocity/Temperature Relations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Terminal velocities of snow aggregates in storms along the Front Range in eastern Colorado are examined with a ground-based two-dimensional video disdrometer. Power-law relationships for particles having equivalent volume diameters of 0.520 mm ...

Edward A. Brandes; Kyoko Ikeda; Gregory Thompson; Michael Schnhuber

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Bipolar queries: An aggregation operator focused perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concept of a bipolar query, meant as a database query that involves both negative and positive conditions, is discussed from the point of view of flexible database querying and modeling of more sophisticated intentions and preferences of the user. ... Keywords: Aggregation operators, Bipolar queries, Flexible queries, Fuzzy logic, Logical connectives modeling

S?awomir Zadro?ny; Janusz Kacprzyk

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Net Metering (Washington) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydroelectric, Solar Thermal Electric, Wind Active Incentive Yes Implementing Sector StateTerritory Energy Category Renewable Energy Incentive Programs Aggregate Capacity...

198

Net Metering (Alaska) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Category Renewable Energy Incentive Programs Aggregate Capacity Limit 1.5% of average retail demand Applicable Utilities Utilities with annual retail sales of 5,000,000...

199

EIA - 2010 International Energy Outlook - Industrial  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Industrial Industrial International Energy Outlook 2010 Industrial Sector Energy Consumption Worldwide industrial energy consumption increases by 42 percent, or an average of 1.3 percent per year, from 2007 to 2035 in the IEO2010 Reference case. Ninety-five percent of the growth occurs in non-OECD nations. Overview The world's industries make up a diverse sector that includes manufacturing, agriculture, mining, and construction. Industrial energy demand varies across regions and countries, depending on the level and mix of economic activity and technological development, among other factors. Energy is consumed in the industrial sector for a wide range of activities, such as processing and assembly, space conditioning, and lighting. Industrial energy use also includes natural gas and petroleum products used as feedstocks to produce non-energy products, such as plastics. In aggregate, the industrial sector uses more energy than any other end-use sector, consuming about one-half of the world's total delivered energy.

200

Electric power monthly, September 1990. [Glossary included  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to provide energy decision makers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues. The power plants considered include coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydroelectric, and nuclear power plants. Data are presented for power generation, fuel consumption, fuel receipts and cost, sales of electricity, and unusual occurrences at power plants. Data are compared at the national, Census division, and state levels. 4 figs., 52 tabs. (CK)

1990-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Reducing false positives in anomaly detectors through fuzzy alert aggregation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we focus on the aggregation of IDS alerts, an important component of the alert fusion process. We exploit fuzzy measures and fuzzy sets to design simple and robust alert aggregation algorithms. Exploiting fuzzy sets, we are able to robustly ... Keywords: Aggregation, Anomaly detection, Fuzzy measures, Fuzzy sets, Intrusion detection, Multisensor fusion

Federico Maggi; Matteo Matteucci; Stefano Zanero

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Community Choice Community Choice Aggregation (CCA) enables California cities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Community Choice Community Choice Aggregation (CCA) enables California cities and counties, and are looking at Community Choice Aggregation as a mechanism for doing so. When California deregulated the same utilities that provided it before deregulation. Community Choice Aggregation offers an opportunity

203

Lower residential energy use reduces home energy expenditures as ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Aggregate home energy expenditures by U.S. households fell $12 billion in 2012 ... households spent $1,945 on heating, cooling, appliances, electronics, and lighting ...

204

Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 01/13/14 7.83 7.76 7.90 8.91 8.76 8.11 3.68 01/06/14 8.00 7.78 7.94 8.92 8.74 8.09 3.69 12/30/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.68 12/23/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.63 12/16/13 7.86 7.79 8.05 9.00 8.78 8.08 3.61 12/9/13 7.95 7.81 8.14 8.99 8.80 8.12 3.63 12/2/13 7.91 7.68 8.07 8.85 8.68 8.08 3.64 11/25/13 7.69 7.61 8.07 8.77 8.63 7.97 3.65 11/18/13 7.99 7.54 8.00 8.70 8.57 7.92 3.57 11/11/13 7.63 7.44 7.79 8.63 8.46 7.85 3.55 11/4/13 7.70 7.51 7.98 8.70 8.59 7.86 3.61 10/28/13 8.02 7.74 8.08 8.96 8.79 8.04 3.64 10/21/13 7.91 7.71 8.11 8.94 8.80 8.05 3.70 10/14/13 7.88 7.62 8.05 8.87 8.74 7.97 3.69

205

State energy price and expenditure report 1991  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates individually for the 50 States and the District of Columbia and in aggregate for the United States. The price and expenditure estimates are provided by energy source and economic sector and are published for the years 1970, 1975, 1980, and 1985 through 1991. Data for all years, 1970 through 1991, are available on personal computer diskettes. Documentation in Appendix A describes how the price estimates are developed, including sources of data, methods of estimation, and conversion factors applied. This report is an update of the State Energy Price and Expenditure Report 1990, published in September 1992.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Industrial Energy Procurement Contracts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rates are going down and services are improving! Or are they? As opportunities to directly contract for energy expand from the larger industrials to include mid-market companies, existing energy supply and service contracts will be renegotiated and new ones developed. Many of these mid-level industrial customers typically lack in-house expertise on energy procurement, yet their operations use significant amounts of energy. This paper looks at some of the issues involved in the main terms of a procurement contract, as well as issues in contract formation and termination. Finally the paper reviews some of the recent energy aggregation and outsourcing deals to highlight some that worked and some that didn't.

Thompson, P.; Cooney, K.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

NETL: PPII - Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demonstration Project Documents - Industrial Applications Demonstration Project Documents - Industrial Applications Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash - Project Brief [PDF-72KB] Universal Aggregates, LLC, King George County, VA PROJECT FACT SHEET Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash [PDF-412KB] (Feb 2008) PROGRAM PUBLICATIONS Final Report Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Absorber Ash [PDF-4.5MB] (Nov 2007) CCT Reports: Project Performance Summaries, Post-Project Assessments, & Topical Reports Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash: A DOE Assessment [PDF-170KB] (Mar 2008)

208

Measurement and quantification of aggregate thermal coefficient of expansion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The coefficient of thermal expansion of concrete affects thermal related distresses in pavements. Factors affecting expansion of concrete and aggregates along with existing models are reviewed. A test method to measure the coefficient of thermal expansion of aggregates is proposed. Existing methods used to analyze oxide contents are evaluated. A relation between the oxide content of various elements in aggregates and the CTE of aggregate is presented. Results obtained from the proposed method are presented. A model is also presented for the CTE of concrete based on aggregate properties.

Chande, Gautam U

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Communal spaces: aggregation and integration in the Mogollon Region of the United States Southwest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aggregation and integration are processes that occur in human societies throughout the globe. An informative example of population aggregation and social integration can be observed in the North American desert borderlands from A.D. 250 to 1450 in the area known as the Mogollon region. In fact, Mogollon communities oscillated from smaller social groups into larger ones and dispersed into smaller groups only to form larger ones again. For this reason, examining the groups of people living in the Mogollon region provides a magnified view of social change over a substantial period. Understanding patterns of aggregation and integration provides researchers with the promise for research into the nature of these phenomena. In general, the Mogollon region is characterized by limited water supplies and low average annual precipitation. However, pockets of the Mogollon area, including the Mimbres valley and the Gila River valley, represent oases, where permanent rivers and their associated tributaries allowed for the pursuit of agricultural endeavors and access to a wide variety of wild plant and animal resources. The areas with these kinds of potential became population centers for previously dispersed groups of people living in the region. These people exploited natural resources and practiced agriculture in areas surrounding their communities. Over time, more organized aggregated and socially integrated communities were established throughout the region. Using ancient Mogollon communal architecture, commonly called kivas, this study examines issues of, and evidence for, population aggregation and social integration.

Nisengard, Jennifer E.

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

remote net metering for non-residential solar and wind energy systems, and farm-based biogas and wind energy systems. It also adopted a measure to increase the aggregate net...

211

Synthetic aggregate compositions derived from spent bed materials from fluidized bed combustion and fly ash  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Cementitious compositions useful as lightweight aggregates are formed from a blend of spent bed material from fluidized bed combustion and fly ash. The proportions of the blend are chosen so that ensuing reactions eliminate undesirable constituents. The blend is then mixed with water and formed into a shaped article. The shaped article is preferably either a pellet or a "brick" shape that is later crushed. The shaped articles are cured at ambient temperature while saturated with water. It has been found that if used sufficiently, the resulting aggregate will exhibit minimal dimensional change over time. The aggregate can be certified by also forming standardized test shapes, e.g., cylinders while forming the shaped articles and measuring the properties of the test shapes using standardized techniques including X-ray diffraction.

Boyle, Michael J. (Aston, PA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Electrical machines and assemblies including a yokeless stator ...  

Wind Energy; Partners (27) Visual Patent Search; Success Stories; News; Events; Electrical machines and assemblies including a yokeless stator with modular lamination ...

213

[Article 1 of 7: Motivates and Includes the Consumer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

will be diverse and widespread, including renewables, distributed generation, and energy storage. And they will increase rapidly all along the value chain, from suppliers to...

214

Energetics of a Symmetric Circulation Including Momentum Constraints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A theory of available potential energy (APE) for symmetric circulations, which includes momentum constraints, is presented. The theory is a generalization of the classical theory of APE, which includes only thermal constraints on the circulation. ...

Sorin Codoban; Theodore G. Shepherd

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Initial Business Case Analysis of Two Integrated Heat Pump HVAC Systems for Near-Zero-Energy Homes -- Update to Include Analyses of an Economizer Option and Alternative Winter Water Heating Control Option  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The long range strategic goal of the Department of Energy's Building Technologies (DOE/BT) Program is to create, by 2020, technologies and design approaches that enable the construction of net-zero energy homes at low incremental cost (DOE/BT 2005). A net zero energy home (NZEH) is a residential building with greatly reduced needs for energy through efficiency gains, with the balance of energy needs supplied by renewable technologies. While initially focused on new construction, these technologies and design approaches are intended to have application to buildings constructed before 2020 as well resulting in substantial reduction in energy use for all building types and ages. DOE/BT's Emerging Technologies (ET) team is working to support this strategic goal by identifying and developing advanced heating, ventilating, air-conditioning, and water heating (HVAC/WH) technology options applicable to NZEHs. Although the energy efficiency of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) equipment has increased substantially in recent years, new approaches are needed to continue this trend. Dramatic efficiency improvements are necessary to enable progress toward the NZEH goals, and will require a radical rethinking of opportunities to improve system performance. The large reductions in HVAC energy consumption necessary to support the NZEH goals require a systems-oriented analysis approach that characterizes each element of energy consumption, identifies alternatives, and determines the most cost-effective combination of options. In particular, HVAC equipment must be developed that addresses the range of special needs of NZEH applications in the areas of reduced HVAC and water heating energy use, humidity control, ventilation, uniform comfort, and ease of zoning. In FY05 ORNL conducted an initial Stage 1 (Applied Research) scoping assessment of HVAC/WH systems options for future NZEHs to help DOE/BT identify and prioritize alternative approaches for further development. Eleven system concepts with central air distribution ducting and nine multi-zone systems were selected and their annual and peak demand performance estimated for five locations: Atlanta (mixed-humid), Houston (hot-humid), Phoenix (hot-dry), San Francisco (marine), and Chicago (cold). Performance was estimated by simulating the systems using the TRNSYS simulation engine (Solar Energy Laboratory et al. 2006) in two 1800-ft{sup 2} houses--a Building America (BA) benchmark house and a prototype NZEH taken from BEopt results at the take-off (or crossover) point (i.e., a house incorporating those design features such that further progress towards ZEH is through the addition of photovoltaic power sources, as determined by current BEopt analyses conducted by NREL). Results were summarized in a project report, HVAC Equipment Design options for Near-Zero-Energy Homes--A Stage 2 Scoping Assessment, ORNL/TM-2005/194 (Baxter 2005). The 2005 study report describes the HVAC options considered, the ranking criteria used, and the system rankings by priority. In 2006, the two top-ranked options from the 2005 study, air-source and ground-source versions of an integrated heat pump (IHP) system, were subjected to an initial business case study. The IHPs were subjected to a more rigorous hourly-based assessment of their performance potential compared to a baseline suite of equipment of legally minimum efficiency that provided the same heating, cooling, water heating, demand dehumidification, and ventilation services as the IHPs. Results were summarized in a project report, Initial Business Case Analysis of Two Integrated Heat Pump HVAC Systems for Near-Zero-Energy Homes, ORNL/TM-2006/130 (Baxter 2006). The present report is an update to that document. Its primary purpose is to summarize results of an analysis of the potential of adding an outdoor air economizer operating mode to the IHPs to take advantage of free cooling (using outdoor air to cool the house) whenever possible. In addition it provides some additional detail for an alternative winter water heating/space heating (WH/S

Baxter, Van D [ORNL

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Sourcebook on the production of electricity from geothermal energy. Chapter 2 (draft). Resource characteristics: reservoirs, wellheads and delivery systems. Part 3. Analysis of the flow in the reservoir: well system. [Includes glossary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report is a preliminary version of material assembled for insertion in the Sourcebook on the Production of Electricity from Geothermal Energy currently being composed under ERDA (now DOE). An attempt has been made to develop the theory of the geothermal well in an ordered stepwise manner beginning from the three basic continuities and introducing each new idea systematically. A formal textbook approach is used.

Ryley, D.J.

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Global Insight Energy Group  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Outlook Outlook Mary Novak Managing Director IHS Global Insight Copyright © 2010 IHS Global Insight, Inc. Overview: Energy Sector Transformation Underway * The recession has hit energy demand hard, and aggregate energy demand is not expected to return to 2007 levels until 2018. * Oil and natural gas prices will both rise over the long-term, but the price trends will diverge with natural gas prices rising slowly due to the development of shale gas. * This forecast does not include a GHG cap-and-trade program. However, it is assumed that there will be continued improvement in equipment, appliance and building efficiencies that will reduce carbon emissions relative to past projections. * The forecast also includes the more than 30 state- level programs to increase efficiency and reduce

218

Preliminary Findings from an Analysis of Building Energy Information System Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

service providers Energy service and DR providers TridiumEIS vendors and developers, energy service providers, policyIntended end user - energy service providers, aggregators,

Granderson, Jessica

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Modeling aggregate investment: A fundamentalist approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Revised version Abstract: This paper applies some lessons from recent estimation of investment models with firm-level data to the aggregate data with an eye to rehabilitating convex costs of adjusting the capital stock. In recent firm-level work, the response of investment to output and other fundamental variables is interpreted in terms of the traditional convex-adjustment-cost model, implying annual capital-stock adjustment speeds on the order of 15 to 35 percent. In aggregate data, I find that this fundamentalist model can account for the reduced-form effect of output on investment and the estimated capital-stock adjustment speed is similar to those from firm-level studies around 25 percent per year. To account for the slower adjustment to changes in the cost of capital, I consider a model in which the capital-intensity of production is also costly to adjust. I find that this model can account for the reduced-form effects of both output and the cost of capital on investment.

John M. Roberts

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

NREL: Energy Systems Integration - Campus, City, and Community...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Campus, City, and Community Integration Energy systems integration R&D on a campus, city, and community scale encompasses technologies such as campus energy aggregation,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

EA-1449: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Final Environmental Assessment Final Environmental Assessment EA-1449: Final Environmental Assessment Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash, King George County, Virginia The proposed action is for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to provide cost- shared financial support to Universal Aggregates, LLC, for the design, construction, and operation of a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Mirant-Birchwood Power Plant Facility (Mirant-Birchwood Facility) in King George County, Virginia. DOE would provide approximately 37% of the $19.6 million cost of the project (about $7.2 million), with the industrial participant providing the remainder of the cost. The project, which includes 15 months of operation and testing,

222

A General Relationship between Disorder, Aggregation, and Charge...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aggregation, and Charge Transport in Conjugated Polymers Monday, September 23, 2013 The potential for combining low-cost manufacturing and mechanical robustness with engineering...

223

Aggregate Production Planning for Process Industries under Competition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Linear Programming Approach to Production and EmploymentA.C. 1978. Aggregate Production Planning. Handbook ofH.A. Simon. 1960. Planning Production, Inventories and Work

Karmarkar, U. S.; Rajaram, K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Characterization of Dry Aggregates in Carbon Anodes by Image ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anodes are mainly composed of dry aggregates such as calcined petroleum coke and recycled materials with pitch as the binder. Granulometry of the dry...

225

A bottom-up engineering estimate of the aggregate heating andcooling loads of the entire U.S. building stock  

SciTech Connect

A recently completed project for the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Building Equipment combined DOE-2 results for a large set of prototypical commercial and residential buildings with data from the Energy Information Administration (EIA) residential and commercial energy consumption surveys (RECS, CBECS) to estimate the total heating and cooling loads in U.S. buildings attributable to different shell components such as windows, roofs, walls, etc., internal processes, and space-conditioning systems. This information is useful for estimating the national conservation potentials for DOE's research and market transformation activities in building energy efficiency. The prototypical building descriptions and DOE-2 input files were developed from 1986 to 1992 to provide benchmark hourly building loads for the Gas Research Institute (GRI) and include 112 single-family, 66 multi-family, and 481 commercial building prototypes. The DOE study consisted of two distinct tasks : (1) perform DOE-2 simulations for the prototypical buildings and develop methods to extract the heating and cooling loads attributable to the different building components; and (2) estimate the number of buildings or floor area represented by each prototypical building based on EIA survey information. These building stock data were then multiplied by the simulated component loads to derive aggregated totals by region, vintage, and building type. The heating and cooling energy consumption of the national building stock estimated by this bottom-up engineering approach was found to agree reasonably well with estimates from other sources, although significant differences were found for certain end-uses. The main added value from this study, however, is the insight it provides about the contributing factors behind this energy consumption, and what energy savings can be expected from efficiency improvements for different building components by region, vintage, and building type.

Huang, Yu Joe; Brodrick, Jim

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Kinetic and hydrodynamic models of chemotactic aggregation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive general kinetic and hydrodynamic models of chemotactic aggregation that describe certain features of the morphogenesis of biological colonies (like bacteria, amoebae, endothelial cells or social insects). Starting from a stochastic model defined in terms of N coupled Langevin equations, we derive a nonlinear mean field Fokker-Planck equation governing the evolution of the distribution function of the system in phase space. By taking the successive moments of this kinetic equation and using a local thermodynamic equilibrium condition, we derive a set of hydrodynamic equations involving a damping term. In the limit of small frictions, we obtain a hyperbolic model describing the formation of network patterns (filaments) and in the limit of strong frictions we obtain a parabolic model which is a generalization of the standard Keller-Segel model describing the formation of clusters (clumps). Our approach connects and generalizes several models introduced in the chemotactic literature. We discuss the anal...

Chavanis, Pierre-Henri

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Honda Smart Home to Include Berkeley Lab Ventilation Controller  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Honda Smart Home to Include Berkeley Lab Ventilation Controller Honda Smart Home to Include Berkeley Lab Ventilation Controller Honda smart home October 2013 October-November Special Focus: Energy Efficiency, Buildings, and the Electric Grid Honda Motor Company Inc is proceeding with plans to build a Smart Home in Davis, California, to demonstrate the latest in renewable energy technologies and energy efficiency. The home is expected to produce more energy than is consumed, demonstrating how the goal of "zero net energy" can be met in the near term future. A ventilation controller developed by researchers at Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division (EETD) will be included in the smart home. EETD is currently working with the developers of the home control system to integrate its control algorithms.

228

Mine-to-Mill Optimization of Aggregate Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mine-to-Mill optimization is a total systems approach to the reduction of energy and cost in mining and mineral processing operations. Developed at the Julius Krutschnitt Mineral Research Centre (JKMRC) in Queensland, Australia, the Mine-to-Mill approach attempts to minimize energy consumption through the optimization of all steps in the size reduction process. The approach involves sampling and modeling of blasting and processing, followed by computer simulation to optimize the operation and develop alternatives. The most promising alternatives are implemented, and sampling is conducted to quantify energy savings. In the current project, the primary objective is to adapt the JKMRC Mine-to-Mill technology to the aggregates industry. The second phase of this project is being carried out at the Pittsboro Quarry located south of Chapel Hill, North Carolina. This quarry is owned by 3M Corporation and operated by Luck Stone. Based on lessons learned from the first phase work, long-term monitoring ({approx} three months) of all quarry operations is being carried out to minimize the impact of geological changes during the mining process. To date, the blasting and processing operations have been audited and modeled, the long-term monitoring of current Luck Stone practice has been completed, and a modified blasting approach has been implemented based on the results of simulations using JKSimBlast and JKSimPlant. The modified blasting approach is expected to increase the primary throughput by 15% and the secondary throughput by approximately 6%, with an overall specific energy reduction of around 1%. Long-term monitoring is currently underway to evaluate the impact the modified blasting approach. This report summarizes the current status of work at the Pittsboro Quarry.

Greg Adel; Toni Kojovic; Darren Thornton

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

State Energy Severance Taxes, 1985-1993  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Analyzes changes in aggregate and State level energy severance taxes for 1985 through 1993. Data are presented for crude oil, natural gas, and coal

Bruce Bawks

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Annual and Aggregate Loan Limits 2011-12 Stafford Loans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annual and Aggregate Loan Limits 2011-12 Stafford Loans Medical students 1st year 2nd year 3rd year 4th year Aggregate Subsidized Stafford (maximum amount shown; amount is lower if student has less need) $8,500 $8,500 $8,500 $8,500 $65,500 Unsubsidized Stafford (maximum amount shown; amount is lower

Tufts University

231

Aggregations of tuna can be found in association with seamounts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

392 Aggregations of tuna can be found in association with seamounts throughout all the tropical oceans and these aggregations are often exploited by tuna fishing fleets (Fonteneau, 1991). In Hawaii subadult tuna found in association with the Cross Seamount located approximately 160 nmi south of Honolulu

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

232

A Note on Rotor-Router Aggregation on the Comb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove a shape theorem for rotor-router aggregation on the comb, for a specific initial rotor configuration and clockwise rotor sequence for all vertices. Furthermore, as an application of rotor-router walks, we describe the harmonic measure for the limiting shape of rotor-router aggregation, which is useful in the study of other growth models on the comb.

Huss, Wilfried

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Grading of construction aggregate through machine vision: Results and prospects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditionally, crushed aggregate to be used in construction is graded using sieves. We describe an innovative machine vision approach to such grading. Our operational scenario is one where a camera takes images from directly overhead of a layer of aggregate ... Keywords: Construction industry, Image database, Machine vision, Supervised and unsupervised classification, Wavelet transform

Fionn Murtagh; Xiaoyu Qiao; Paul Walsh; P. A. M. Basheer; Danny Crookes; Adrian Long

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Effects of the Charge-Dipole Interaction on the Coagulation of Fractal Aggregates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A numerical model with broad applications to complex (dusty) plasmas is presented. The self-consistent N-body code allows simulation of the coagulation of fractal aggregates, including the charge-dipole interaction of the clusters due to the spatial arrangement of charge on the aggregate. It is shown that not only does a population of oppositely charged particles increase the coagulation rate, the inclusion of the charge-dipole interaction of the aggregates as well as the electric dipole potential of the dust ensemble decreases the gelation time by a factor of up to twenty. It is further shown that these interactions can also stimulate the onset of gelation, or "runaway growth," even in a population of particles charged to a monopotential where previously it was believed that like-charged grains would inhibit coagulation. Gelation is observed to occur due to the formation of high-mass aggregates with fractal dimensions greater than two which act as seeds for runaway growth.

Lorin Swint Matthews; T. W. Hyde

2004-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

235

Quick Guide: Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) (Fact Sheet), Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy for different facilities through energy for different facilities through multiple suppliers. Because this allows for aggregate REC purchases for multiple sites, check with your agency before proceeding to determine whether REC purchases are already being made at the agency level. Federal Renewable Energy Requirements Satisfied by RECs Multiple laws and executive orders define requirements for the use of renewable energy in Federal facilities. RECs can only be used to satisfy goals associated with renewable energy consumption or the environmental benefits of renewable energy consumption. This includes meeting GHG emissions reduction goals. Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005: EPAct 2005 requires Federal agencies to consume increasing amounts of renewable energy; specifically: * 3 percent in fiscal

236

Quick Guide: Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) (Fact Sheet), Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

energy for different facilities through energy for different facilities through multiple suppliers. Because this allows for aggregate REC purchases for multiple sites, check with your agency before proceeding to determine whether REC purchases are already being made at the agency level. Federal Renewable Energy Requirements Satisfied by RECs Multiple laws and executive orders define requirements for the use of renewable energy in Federal facilities. RECs can only be used to satisfy goals associated with renewable energy consumption or the environmental benefits of renewable energy consumption. This includes meeting GHG emissions reduction goals. Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005: EPAct 2005 requires Federal agencies to consume increasing amounts of renewable energy; specifically: * 3 percent in fiscal

237

Performance-based approach to evaluate alkali-silica reaction potential of aggregate and concrete using dilatometer method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The undesirable expansion of concrete because of a reaction between alkalis and certain type of reactive siliceous aggregates, known as alkali-silica reactivity (ASR), continues to be a major problem across the entire world. The renewed interest to minimize distress resulting from ASR has emphasized the need to develop predictable modeling of concrete ASR behavior under field conditions. Current test methods are either incapable or need long testing periods in which to only offer rather limited predictive estimates of ASR behavior in a narrow and impractical band of field conditions. Therefore, an attempt has been made to formulate a robust performance approach based upon basic properties of aggregate and concrete ASR materials derived from dilatometry and a kinetic-based mathematical expressions for ASR behavior. Because ASR is largely an alkali as well as a thermally activated process, the use of rate theory (an Arrhenius relationship between temperature and the alkali solution concentration) on the dilatometer time-expansion relationship, provides a fundamental aggregate ASR material property known as activation energy. Activation energy is an indicator of aggregate reactivity which is a function of alkalinity, particle size, crystallinity, calcium concentration, and others. The studied concrete ASR material properties represent a combined effects of mixture related properties (e.g., water-cementitious ratio, porosity, presence of supplementary cementitious materials, etc.) and maturity. Therefore, the proposed performance-based approach provides a direct accountability for a variety of factors that affect ASR, such as aggregate reactivity (activation energy), temperature, moisture, calcium concentration, solution alkalinity, and water-cementitious material ratio. Based on the experimental results, the following conclusion can be drawn concerning the performance-based approach to evaluate ASR potential of aggregate and concrete using dilatometer method; (i) the concept of activation energy can be used to represent the reactivity of aggregate subjected to ASR, (ii) the activation energy depends on the reactivity of aggregate and phenomenological alkalinity of test solution, and (iii) The proposed performance-based model provides a means to predict ASR expansion development in concrete.

Shon, Chang Seon

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Role of Standard Demand Response Signals for Advanced Automated Aggregation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emerging standards such as OpenADR enable Demand Response (DR) Resources to interact directly with Utilities and Independent System Operators to allow their facility automation equipment to respond to a variety of DR signals ranging from day ahead to real time ancillary services. In addition, there are Aggregators in todays markets who are capable of bringing together collections of aggregated DR assets and selling them to the grid as a single resource. However, in most cases these aggregated resources are not automated and when they are, they typically use proprietary technologies. There is a need for a framework for dealing with aggregated resources that supports the following requirements: Allows demand-side resources to participate in multiple DR markets ranging from wholesale ancillary services to retail tariffs without being completely committed to a single entity like an Aggregator; Allow aggregated groups of demand-side resources to be formed in an ad hoc fashion to address specific grid-side issues and support the optimization of the collective response of an aggregated group along a number of different dimensions. This is important in order to taylor the aggregated performance envelope to the needs to of the grid; Allow aggregated groups to be formed in a hierarchical fashion so that each group can participate in variety of markets from wholesale ancillary services to distribution level retail tariffs. This paper explores the issues of aggregated groups of DR resources as described above especially within the context of emerging smart grid standards and the role they will play in both the management and interaction of various grid-side entities with those resources.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Kiliccote, Sila

2011-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

239

Localized Aggregation of Diverse Energy Sources for Rural Electrification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of state regulation, beginning with the establishment of public service commissions in Georgia, New YorkLBNL-59544 Microgrids in the Evolving Electricity Generation and Delivery Infrastructure Chris. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by its trade name, trademark

240

Tertiary nitrogen heterocyclic material to reduce moisture-induced damage in asphalt-aggregate mixtures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Asphalt-aggregate roads crack when subjected to freezing and thawing cycles. Herein, the useful life of asphalts are substantially improved by a minor amount of a moisture damage inhibiting agent selected from compounds having a pyridine moiety, including acid salts of such compounds. A shale oil fraction may serve as the source of the improving agent and may simply be blended with conventional petroleum asphalts.

Plancher, Henry (Laramie, WY); Petersen, Joseph C. (Laramie, WY)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

J-aggregation of ionic liquid solutions of meso-tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin  

SciTech Connect

The title porphyrin was dissolved in the hydrophilic ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, [bmim][BF4], and triggered to assemble into J-aggregates by the addition of incremental volumes of water containing various amounts of acid (0.1, 0.2, or 1.0 M HCl). In contrast to recent studies, the current investigation is unique in that it centers on media that contain a predominant ionic liquid component (2.9 5.4 M [bmim][BF4]), as opposed to an aqueous electrolyte containing a small fraction of ionic liquid as dissociated solute. Complex aggregation and underlying photophysical behavior are revealed from absorption spectroscopy, steady-state fluorescence, and resonance light scattering studies. Upon addition of aqueous HCl, the efficient formation of H4TPPS2 J-aggregates from the diprotonated form of meso-tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin (H2TPPS4) occurs in [bmim][BF4]-rich media in a manner highly dependent upon the acidity, TPPS concentration, and solvent composition. The unique features of TPPS aggregation in this ionic liquid were elucidated, including the surprising disassembly of J-aggregates at higher aqueous contents, and our results are described qualitatively in terms of the molecular exciton theory. Finally, the potential of this system for the optical sensing of water at a sensitivity below 0.5 wt% is demonstrated. Overall, our findings accentuate how little is known about functional self-assembly within ionic liquids and suggest a number of avenues for exploring this completely untouched research landscape.

Ali, Maroof [Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi; Kumar, Vinod [ORNL; Baker, Sheila N [ORNL; Baker, Gary A [ORNL; Pandey, Siddharth [Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Trade Study on Aggregation of Multiple 10-KW Solid Ozide Fuel Cell Power Modules  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

According to the Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) program guidelines, solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) will be produced in the form of 3-10 kW modules for residential use. In addition to residential use, these modules can also be used in apartment buildings, hospitals, etc., where a higher power rating would be required. For example, a hospital might require a 250 kW power generating capacity. To provide this power using the SECA SOFC modules, 25 of the 10 kW modules would be required. These modules can be aggregated in different architectures to yield the necessary power. This report will show different approaches for aggregating numerous SOFC modules and will evaluate and compare each one with respect to cost, control complexity, ease of modularity, and fault tolerance.

Ozpineci, B.

2004-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

243

Prediction and correlation of accessible area of large multiparticle aggregates  

SciTech Connect

Aggregates (composed of large numbers of primary particles) are produced in many engineering environments. One convenient characterization is the fractal dimension, the exponent describing how the number of primary particles in each aggregate scales with radial distance from its center of mass. The authors describe a finite-analytic pseudo-continuum prediction of the normalized accessible surface area of an isothermal quasi-spherical fractal aggregate containing N ([much gt]1) primary particles, on the surfaces of which a first-order chemical process occurs. Results are displayed for specific fractal dimensions (2.5, 2.18, and 1.8) frequently observed in aggregating systems. An effective Thiele modulus is used to develop an efficient and accurate scheme for predicting/correlating the effectiveness factor for an aggregate containing N primary particles in terms of aggregate fractal dimension, reaction probability, and Knudsen number. The methods now allow calculations of the accessible surface area of populations of aggregates, provided pdf--(N, D[sub f], ...)--is known for the populations of interest.

Rosner, D.E.; Tandon, P. (Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Including management policies in a renewable energy system simulation model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, growing attention has been paid to the use of renewable resources to produce electricity. One of the main drawbacks of generating electricity through, say, wind power, however, is random input, which obviously results in random output. ...

Cristina Azcrate; Rosa Blanco; Fermn Mallor

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Oregon: a guide to geothermal energy development. [Includes glossary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The following subjects are covered: Oregons' geothermal potential, exploration methods and costs, drilling, utilization methods, economic factors of direct use projects, and legal and institutional setting. (MHR)

Justus, D.; Basescu, N.; Bloomquist, R.G.; Higbee, C.; Simpson, S.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Oregon: a guide to geothermal energy development. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect

The following subjects are covered: Oregons' geothermal potential, exploration methods and costs, drilling, utilization methods, economic factors of direct use projects, and legal and institutional setting. (MHR)

Justus, D.; Basescu, N.; Bloomquist, R.G.; Higbee, C.; Simpson, S.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Introduction to Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems (Including RETScreen...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programs DeploymentPrograms: Project Development This video teaches the viewer about wind turbines and RETscreen's wind...

248

Energy Department Expands Gas Gouging Reporting System to Include...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

quickly to approve requests of loans from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to oil refineries. Within 48 hours of receiving requests, oil was on its way to requesting refineries....

249

Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Power Plant Improvement Initiative (PPII) contacts Brad tomer Acting Director Office of Major Demonstrations National Energy Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road P.O....

250

Obama Administration's Budget Request for NIST Includes ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... out in the President's Plan for Science ... precision timing, hydrogen energy sources, precision ... three appropriations outlined above, the Administration ...

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

251

Advancing Energy Systems through Integration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advancing Energy Systems Advancing Energy Systems through Integration Presented in partnership with the United States Department of Energy November 20, 2012 Webinar Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: District Heating with Renewable Energy Saint Paul's Community Energy System * Underground network of pipes aggregate heating and cooling needs * Aggregated thermal loads allows application of technologies and fuels not feasible for individual buildings * Increases fuel flexibility, rate stability, and reliability Community Scale Heating and Cooling 4 ever-greenenergy.com Ever-Green Energy Integrated Energy System flexible & renewable fuel sources reliable and effective production & storage hot & chilled water loops maximize energy conservation & reliability

252

STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; there are no small utilities or community choice aggregators reporting for 2007. It also includes an update

253

Science Accelerator content now includes multimedia  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Science Accelerator content now includes multimedia Science Accelerator has expanded its suite of collections to include ScienceCinema, which contains videos produced by the U.S....

254

State energy price and expenditure report 1994  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates individually for the 50 States and the District of Columbia and in aggregate for the United States. The price and expenditure estimates developed in the State Energy Price and Expenditure Data System (SEPEDS) are provided by energy source and economic sector and are published for the years 1970 through 1994. Consumption estimates used to calculate expenditures and the documentation for those estimates are taken from the State Energy Data Report 1994, Consumption Estimates (SEDR), published in October 1996. Expenditures are calculated by multiplying the price estimates by the consumption estimates, which are adjusted to remove process fuel; intermediate petroleum products; and other consumption that has no direct fuel costs, i.e., hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, solar, and photovoltaic energy sources. Documentation is included describing the development of price estimates, data sources, and calculation methods. 316 tabs.

NONE

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Addressing the Challenges of Aggregational and Temporal Ontological Heterogeneity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we first identify semantic heterogeneities that, when not resolved, often cause serious data quality problems. We discuss the especially challenging problems of temporal and aggregational ontological ...

Zhu, Hongwei

256

Influence of grain size, morphology and aggregation on galena dissolution.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The acidic, non-oxidative dissolution of galena nanocrystals has been studied using both microscopic and wet-chemical methods. The effects of particle size, shape, aggregation state, and (more)

Liu, Juan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Tangible interfaces for manipulating aggregates of digital information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops new approaches for people to physically represent and interact with aggregates of digital information. These support the concept of Tangible User Interfaces (TUIs), a genre of human-computer interaction ...

Ullmer, Brygg Anders

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Automating data aggregation for collaborative filtering in Ruby on Rails  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collaborative filtering and information filtering are tried and proven methods of utilizing aggregated data about a website's users to provide catered content. Passive filters are one subset of such algorithms that utilize ...

Malconian, Daniel R

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Contextual def-use associations for object aggregation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel formulation of definitions, uses, and def-use associations for objects in object-oriented programs by exploiting the relations that occur between classes and their instantiated objects due to aggregation. Contextual def-use ...

Amie L. Souter; Lori L. Pollock

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

The impact of bidding aggregation levels on truckload rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this thesis was to determine if line-haul rates are impacted by bid type, and if aggregation of bidding lanes can reduce costs for both shippers and carriers. Using regression analysis, we developed a model ...

Collins, Julia M. (Julia Marie)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Process for producing an aggregate suitable for inclusion into a radiation shielding product  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to methods for converting depleted uranium hexafluoride to a stable depleted uranium silicide in a one-step reaction. Uranium silicide provides a stable aggregate material that can be added to concrete to increase the density of the concrete and, consequently, shield gamma radiation. As used herein, the term "uranium silicide" is defined as a compound generically having the formula U.sub.x Si.sub.y, wherein the x represents the molecules of uranium and the y represent the molecules of silicon. In accordance with the present invention, uranium hexafluoride is converted to a uranium silicide by contacting the uranium hexafluoride with a silicon-containing material at a temperature in a range between about 1450.degree. C. and about 1750.degree. C. The stable depleted uranium silicide is included as an aggregate in a radiation shielding product, such as a concrete product.

Lessing, Paul A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Kong, Peter C. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Infrared Extinction by Aggregates of SiC Particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Particle shape and aggregation have a strong influence on the spectral profiles of infrared phonon bands of solid dust grains. In this paper, we use a discrete dipole approximation, a cluster-of-spheres code following the Gerardy-Ausloos approach and a T-matrix method for calculating IR extinction spectra of aggregates of spherical silicon carbide (SiC) particles. We compare the results obtained with the three different methods and discuss differences in the band profiles.

Anja C. Andersen; Harald Mutschke; Thomas Posch

2005-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

263

Zeolite with trimodal porosity by desilication of zeolite nanocrystals aggregate  

SciTech Connect

Zeolite with trimodal porosity can be synthesized by desilication of zeolite nanocrystal aggregate. In the desilication process, the originally existed intercrystalline mesopores of zeolite nanocrystal aggregate were enlarged into large mesopore, and the new small intracrystalline mesopore channel was created, thus the Zeolite with trimodal porosity was formed. The structure of resulted zeolite, both on aggregate and mesopore level can be fine tuned by the desilication degree. - Graphical abstract: The Si from the edges and boundary of nanocrystals was first removed resulted the surface roughness and enlarges of the originally existed intercrystalline mesopores. As the degree of alkali-treatment increasing, the Si species inside zeolite nanocrystals was also removed, leading to further enlarges the intercrystalline mesopores and the formation of small intracrystalline mesopores. In case the alkali-treatment is serve enough to completely dissolve the bridges between zeolite nanocrystals, zeolite nanocrystals were exfoliated from the aggregate. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Zeolite with trimodal porosity by desilication of zeolite nanocrystals aggregate. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The original intercrystalline mesopores were enlarged into large mesopore. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The new intracrystalline mesopores were created as the inside Si extracted out. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The aggregate structure, crystallinity and acidity of parent zeolite remained. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Desilication is start on the edges then in the inner part of zeolite.

Wang Yuxin; Liu Kaituo [Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese academy of Sciences, 189 Songling road, Qingdao 266101 (China) [Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese academy of Sciences, 189 Songling road, Qingdao 266101 (China); Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); He Tao; Wu Jinhu [Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese academy of Sciences, 189 Songling road, Qingdao 266101 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese academy of Sciences, 189 Songling road, Qingdao 266101 (China); Fang Yunming, E-mail: fangym@qibebt.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese academy of Sciences, 189 Songling road, Qingdao 266101 (China)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

Monthly energy review, November, 1989  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subject report, published in October 1989 by the Energy Information Administration, is one of a series of three reports on how US households use energy. It is based on data collected in the 1987 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS). The survey includes single-family homes, apartments, and mobile homes, and covers the six major sources of energy consumed in the residential sector: electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gases (LPG), and wood. Data are presented in the form of aggregate totals and household averages. This Highlights'' reviews some of the major findings of the report. The primary uses of energy in US households include space heating and cooling, heating water, refrigerating foods, cooking foods, and operating household appliances. In 1987, energy consumption of the major sources of residential energy (excluding wood) totaled 9.1 quadrillion Btu. (Consumption of wood was an estimated 0.85 quadrillion Btu of energy.) From 1978 to 1987, total energy consumption decreased 14 percent while the number of households increased 18 percent (Table FE1). The lower level of consumption in 1987 was due partly to a warmer winter in that year than in 1978 and partly to conservation efforts.

Not Available

1990-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

265

Aggregation and transport kinetics of crude oil and sediment in estuarine waters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling the transport and fate of spilled crude oil is important for estimating short and long-term toxicity effects in coastal ecosystems. This research project investigates the partitioning of hydrocarbons from a surface crude oil slick, the resurfacing of chemically dispersed crude oil droplets, the suitability of in-situ field instruments for oil and sediment characterization, and the aggregation and settling of dispersed oil and suspended sediments. An initial laboratory study was conducted to investigate apparent hydrocarbon solubility in petroleum/water systems. Mixing shear and initial crude oil layer thickness were related empirically to oil entrainment rate. A model describing hydrocarbons partitioned in colloidal and soluble phases was consistent with experimental data. A second laboratory study was conducted to investigate the influence of coalescence kinetics on mean droplet size and resurfacing rate of chemically dispersed crude oil droplets. Increased mean shear rates resulted in mean droplet diameters and oil resurfacing rates. A third laboratory study was conducted to compare particle size and fractal dimension measurements obtained using a submersible flow cytometer, an electrozone particle counter, and a light scattering particle sizer. Measured particles included latex beads, crude oil, clay, crude oil-clay aggregates, and crude oil-silica aggregates. Tested instruments gave consistent size measurements for all particle systems, suggesting their suitability for sizing marine particles. To describe the aggregation kinetics of oil-sediment systems, a modified Smoluchowski model based on coalesced sphere (CS) assumptions was developed. Observed collision efficiency values (?OBS) were related to collision efficiency values for single particle type systems (?HOMO) and those for two particle type systems (?HET) using a probabilistic approach. For clay and crude oil, ?HOMO values were higher than the ?HOMO value for silica. Clay-oil and silica-oil have similar ?HET values. Thus, crude oil can significantly increase the aggregation rates of noncohesive sediments such as silica. The CS model above was modified to incorporate sediment fractal geometry. The ability of this modified coalesced fractal sphere (mCFS) model to fit experimental data sets was better than that of a coalesced sphere (CS) model. Because of their reduced settling rates, sediments with lower fractal dimension form more aggregate with dispersed oil.

Sterling, Michael Conroy, Jr.

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Effect of Aggregate Specification in Heavy Concrete for Fusion Reactor Shield on Neutron Dose Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of Aggregate Specification in Heavy Concrete for Fusion Reactor Shield on Neutron Dose Evaluation

Murata, I; Takahashi, A

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Green Mountain Energy Renewable Rewards Program (Texas) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

is offered by a retail electric provider (REP); available to customers throughout the state where Green Mountain Energy offers retail electric service. Meter Aggregation Not...

268

A thermovoltaic semiconductor device including a plasma filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermovoltaic energy conversion device and related method for converting thermal energy into an electrical potential are disclosed. An interference filter is provided on a semiconductor thermovoltaic cell to pre-filter black body radiation. The semiconductor thermovoltaic cell includes a P/N junction supported on a substrate which converts incident thermal energy below the semiconductor junction band gap into electrical potential. The semiconductor substrate is doped to provide a plasma filter which reflects back energy having a wavelength which is above the band gap and which is ineffectively filtered by the interference filter, through the P/N junction to the source of radiation thereby avoiding parasitic absorption of the unusable portion of the thermal radiation energy.

Baldasaro, Paul F.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Information regarding previous INCITE awards including selected highlights  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Information regarding previous INCITE awards including selected highlights Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Facilities Accessing ASCR Supercomputers Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) Research & Evaluation Prototypes (REP) Innovative & Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) ASCR Leadership Computing Challenge (ALCC) Science Highlights Benefits of ASCR Funding Opportunities Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) News & Resources Contact Information Advanced Scientific Computing Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-21/Germantown Building

270

Phosphogypsum slag aggregate-based asphaltic concrete mixes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phosphogypsum is a by-product from the production of phosphoric acid used in the fertilizer and chemical industries. Large production rates and problems associated with its stockpiling have led researchers to seek alternative uses for phosphogypsum, primarily as a construction material. One such use is the extraction of sulfur dioxide for the production of sulfuric acid, a process that also generates a by-product slag aggregate. This study investigated the feasibility of using this slag aggregate in asphaltic concrete binder course mixes. The physical properties of the slag aggregate, such as gradation, specific gravity, absorption, unit weight, and void content, were determined, as well as its durability and environmental characteristics. The Marshall mix design method was used to obtain the optimum asphalt content for this aggregate, while moisture susceptibility was examined using the boiling and modified Lottman tests. Indirect tensile, resilient modulus, and dynamic creep tests were performed on the mix to evaluate its performance potential. The results of the study indicate that phosphogypsum-based slag aggregate can be successfully employed in asphaltic concrete binder course mixtures.

Foxworthy, P.T. [Terracon Consultants, Inc., Lenexa, KS (United States); Nadimpalli, R.S.; Seals, R.K. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

NACP Site-Model and Aggregated Flux Data Published  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site-Model and Aggregated Flux Data Published Site-Model and Aggregated Flux Data Published The ORNL DAAC is pleased to announce the release of a data set from the North American Carbon Program (NACP): NACP Site: Terrestrial Biosphere Model and Aggregated Flux Data in Standard Format . Data set prepared by D.M. Ricciuto, K. Schaefer, P.E. Thornton, K. Davis, R.B. Cook, Shishi Liu, R. Anderson, M.A. Arain, I. Baker, J.M. Chen, M. Dietze, R. Grant, C. Izaurralde, A.K. Jain, A.W. King, C. Kucharik, Shuguang Liu, E. Lokupitiya, Y. Luo, C. Peng, B. Poulter, D. Price, W. Riley, A. Sahoo, H. Tian, C. Tonitto, and H. Verbeeck. This data set provides standardized output variables for gross primary productivity (GPP), net ecosystem exchange (NEE), leaf area index (LAI), ecosystem respiration (Re), latent heat flux (LE), and sensible heat flux (H) from 24

272

Gas storage materials, including hydrogen storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A material for the storage and release of gases comprises a plurality of hollow elements, each hollow element comprising a porous wall enclosing an interior cavity, the interior cavity including structures of a solid-state storage material. In particular examples, the storage material is a hydrogen storage material such as a solid state hydride. An improved method for forming such materials includes the solution diffusion of a storage material solution through a porous wall of a hollow element into an interior cavity.

Mohtadi, Rana F; Wicks, George G; Heung, Leung K; Nakamura, Kenji

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

273

Effects of internal mixing and aggregate morphology on optical properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effects of internal mixing and aggregate morphology on optical properties Effects of internal mixing and aggregate morphology on optical properties of black carbon using a discrete dipole approximation model Title Effects of internal mixing and aggregate morphology on optical properties of black carbon using a discrete dipole approximation model Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Scarnato, B., S. Vahidinia, D. T. Richard, and Thomas W. Kirchstetter Journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Volume 12 Pagination 26401-26434 Abstract According to recent studies, internal mixing of black carbon (BC) with other aerosol materials in the atmosphere alters its aggregate shape, absorption of solar radiation, and radiative forcing. These mixing state effects are not yet fully understood. In this study, we characterize the morphology and mixing state of bare BC and BC internally mixed with sodium chloride (NaCl) using electron microscopy and examine the sensitivity of optical properties to BC mixing state and aggregate morphology using a discrete dipole approximation model (DDSCAT). DDSCAT predicts a higher mass absorption coefficient, lower single scattering albedo (SSA), and higher absorption Angstrom exponent (AAE) for bare BC aggregates that are lacy rather than compact. Predicted values of SSA at 550 nm range between 0.18 and 0.27 for lacy and compact aggregates, respectively, in agreement with reported experimental values of 0.25 ± 0.05. The variation in absorption with wavelength does not adhere precisely to a power law relationship over the 200 to 1000 nm range. Consequently, AAE values depend on the wavelength region over which they are computed. In the 300 to 550 nm range, AAE values ranged in this study from 0.70 for compact to 0.95 for lacy aggregates. The SSA of BC internally mixed with NaCl (100-300 nm in radius) is higher than for bare BC and increases with the embedding in the NaCl. Internally mixed BC SSA values decrease in the 200-400 nm wavelength range, a feature also common to the optical properties of dust and organics. Linear polarization features are also predicted in DDSCAT and are dependent on particle morphology. The bare BC (with a radius of 80 nm) presents in the linear polarization a bell shape feature, which is a characteristic of the Rayleigh regime (for particles smaller than the wavelength of incident radiation). When BC is internally mixed with NaCl (100-300 nm in radius), strong depolarization features for near-VIS incident radiation are evident, such as a decrease in the intensity and multiple modes at different angles corresponding to different mixing states.

274

Environmental Energy Technologies Division News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Berkeley Lab Finds Steady Growth Among U.S. ESCOs, Despite Recession Berkeley Lab Finds Steady Growth Among U.S. ESCOs, Despite Recession Aggregate revenue growth rates for U.S. energy service companies (ESCOs) significantly outpaced U.S. gross domestic product growth from 2009 to 2011 and could more than double in size by 2020 according to a new report by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) researchers. Line graph illustrating aggregate insdustry revenues. The long-term projections are: $15.3 billion (High), $13.3 billion (Medium) $10.6 billion (Low) Aggregate industry revenues with long-term projections: 1990-2020 Aggregate industry revenues with long-term projections: 1990-2020 Energy service companies primarily use performance-based contracts to provide energy efficiency, renewable, and other energy-related services

275

Extension to phase 2 energy savings evaluation of the commercial direct investment program  

SciTech Connect

The results of an analysis of the commercial direct investment program of the Commonwealth Energy System (COM/Electric) is presented. The analysis extends results obtained in a previous impact evaluation of energy savings. The analysis includes over 1,000 buildings that participated in the program. The previous evaluation showed net program savings, using simple, aggregate annual measures of energy use and a control group adjustment, of about 8.7 GWh/yr (14% of pre-retrofit energy use) for an investment of $4.4 million, which leads to an investment cost ratio (investment divided by first year savings) of about $0.50/kWh. Inherent difficulties with simple, aggregate calculations, with the PRInceton Scorekeeping Method (PRISM), and with econometric approaches for these types of evaluations are discussed and an extension to PRISM proposed as an alternative. Energy savings for this program are estimated using both simple, aggregate data and the extended PRISM approach (two-stage regression modeling). The aggregate data provide important insight about program performance, while the two-stage regression modeling helps reduce variability in results. Overall, the impact evaluation results indicate that the net program investment cost ratio, the ratio of total costs to net electricity savings, is close to $0.60/kWh when weather and cost factors are included. Economic factors were included in savings estimate calculations, but the results indicated either data endogeneity or high variance problems, so economic effects cannot be inferred as being estimable for the data set on this small C/I program with the methods used here. Program performance is at the margin of acceptable performance, and because of this marginality, improvements in program execution are desirable. Program performance at the margin could be improved significantly by controlling for potentially poor retrofit choices.

Trumble, D.; MacDonald, M.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

SWEEP - Save Water & Energy Education Program  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study was to develop, monitor, analyze, and report on an integrated resource-conservation program highlighting efficient residential appliances and fixtures. The sites of study were 50 homes in two water-constrained communities located in Oregon. The program was designed to maximize water savings to these communities and to serve as a model for other communities seeking an integrated approach to energy and water resource efficiency. The program included the installation and in-place evaluation of energy- and water-efficient devices including the following: horizontal axis clothes washers (and the matching clothes dryers), resource-efficient dishwashers, an innovative dual flush low-flow toilet, low-flow showerheads, and faucet aerators. The significance of this activity lies in its integrated approach and unique metering evaluation of individual end-use, aggregated residential total use, and system-wide energy and water benefits.

Sullivan, Gregory P.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Hillman, Tim C.; Hadley, Adam; Ledbetter, Marc R.; Payson, David R.

2001-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

278

Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers Intentionally Including - Engaging Minorities in Physics Careers April 24, 2013 - 4:37pm Addthis Joining Director Dot Harris (second from left) were Marlene Kaplan, the Deputy Director of Education and director of EPP, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Claudia Rankins, a Program Officer with the National Science Foundation and Jim Stith, the past Vice-President of the American Institute of Physics Resources. Joining Director Dot Harris (second from left) were Marlene Kaplan, the Deputy Director of Education and director of EPP, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Claudia Rankins, a Program Officer with the National Science Foundation and Jim Stith, the past Vice-President of the

279

Transmission line including support means with barriers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas insulated transmission line includes an elongated outer sheath, a plurality of inner conductors disposed within and extending along the outer sheath, and an insulating gas which electrically insulates the inner conductors from the outer sheath. A support insulator insulatably supports the inner conductors within the outer sheath, with the support insulator comprising a main body portion including a plurality of legs extending to the outer sheath, and barrier portions which extend between the legs. The barrier portions have openings therein adjacent the main body portion through which the inner conductors extend.

Cookson, Alan H. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Renewable Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Renewable energy sources including biomass, hydropower, geothermal, wind, and solar provide 8% of the energy used in the United States.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

DISASTER POLICY Including Extreme Emergent Situations (EES)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the ACGME website with information relating to the ACGME response to the disaster. 3. The University-specific Program Requirements. Defined Responsibilities Following the Declaration of a Disaster or Extreme EmergentPage 123 DISASTER POLICY Including Extreme Emergent Situations (EES) The University of Connecticut

Oliver, Douglas L.

282

Detecting Traffic Anomalies through aggregate analysis of packet header data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.Narasimha Reddy1 , and Marina Vannucci2 Department of 1 Electrical Engineering, 2 Statistics , Texas A a signal that can be analyzed through statistical techniques and compared to historical norms to detect (i.e., the rate of decrease) be- tween the flow numbers of neighboring specific bit-prefix aggregate

Reddy, Narasimha

283

Cultural consensus theory: aggregating continuous responses in a finite interval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cultural consensus theory (CCT) consists of cognitive models for aggregating responses of informants to test items about some domain of their shared cultural knowledge. This paper develops a CCT model for items requiring bounded numerical ... Keywords: cognitive models, cross-cultural study, cultural Consensus Theory

William H. Batchelder; Alex Strashny; A. Kimball Romney

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

SeDyA: secure dynamic aggregation in VANETs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs), a use case for mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs), the ultimate goal is to let vehicles communicate using wireless message exchange to provide safety, traffic efficiency, and entertainment applications. Especially ... Keywords: multi-hop communication, secure aggregation, vanets

Rens Wouter van der Heijden; Stefan Dietzel; Frank Kargl

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Automatic morphological categorisation of carbon black nano-aggregates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nano-technology is the study of matter behaviour on atomic and molecular scale (i.e. nano-scale). In particular, carbon black is a nano-material generally used for the reinforcement of rubber compounds. Nevertheless, the exact reason behind its success ... Keywords: aggregate morphology classifying, carbon black, image processing, machine-learning

Juan Lpez-de-Uralde; Iraide Ruiz; Igor Santos; Agustn Zubillaga; Pablo G. Bringas; Ana Okariz; Teresa Guraya

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Effects of internal mixing and aggregate morphology on optical properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 Authors Scarnato, Barbara V., Sanaz Vahidinia, D. T. Richard, and Thomas W. Kirchstetter Journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Volume 13 Start Page 5089 Issue 10 Pagination 5089 - 5101 Date Published 05/2013 Abstract According to recent studies, internal mixing of black carbon (BC) with other aerosol materials in the atmosphere alters its aggregate shape, absorption of solar radiation, and radiative forcing. These mixing state effects are not yet fully understood. In this study, we characterize the morphology and mixing state of bare BC and BC internally mixed with sodium chloride (NaCl) using electron microscopy and examine the sensitivity of optical properties to BC mixing state and aggregate morphology using a discrete dipole approximation model (DDSCAT). DDSCAT is flexible in simulating the geometry and refractive index of particle aggregates. DDSCAT predicts a higher mass absorption coefficient (MAC), lower single scattering albedo (SSA), and higher absorption Angstrom exponent (AAE) for bare BC aggregates that are lacy rather than compact. Predicted values of SSA at 550 nm range between 0.16 and 0.27 for lacy and compact aggregates, respectively, in agreement with reported experimental values of 0.25 ± 0.05. The variation in absorption with wavelength does not adhere precisely to a power law relationship over the 200 to 1000 nm range. Consequently, AAE values depend on the wavelength region over which they are computed. The MAC of BC (averaged over the 200-1000 nm range) is amplified when internally mixed with NaCl (100-300 nm in radius) by factors ranging from 1.0 for lacy BC aggregates partially immersed in NaCl to 2.2 for compact BC aggregates fully immersed in NaCl. The SSA of BC internally mixed with NaCl is higher than for bare BC and increases with the embedding in the NaCl. Internally mixed BC SSA values decrease in the 200-400 nm wavelength range, a feature also common to the optical properties of dust and organics. Linear polarization features are also predicted in DDSCAT and are dependent on particle size and morphology.

287

Power generation method including membrane separation  

SciTech Connect

A method for generating electric power, such as at, or close to, natural gas fields. The method includes conditioning natural gas containing C.sub.3+ hydrocarbons and/or acid gas by means of a membrane separation step. This step creates a leaner, sweeter, drier gas, which is then used as combustion fuel to run a turbine, which is in turn used for power generation.

Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Union City, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Nuclear reactor shield including magnesium oxide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improvement in nuclear reactor shielding of a type used in reactor applications involving significant amounts of fast neutron flux, the reactor shielding including means providing structural support, neutron moderator material, neutron absorber material and other components as described below, wherein at least a portion of the neutron moderator material is magnesium in the form of magnesium oxide either alone or in combination with other moderator materials such as graphite and iron.

Rouse, Carl A. (Del Mar, CA); Simnad, Massoud T. (La Jolla, CA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Electrochemical system including lamella settler crystallizer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A crystallizer which incorporates a lamella settler and which is particularly applicable for use in batteries and power cells for electric vehicles or stationary applications. The lamella settler can be utilized for coarse particle separation or for agglomeration, and is particularly applicable to aluminum-air batteries or power cells for solving the hydrargillite (aluminum-hydroxide) removal problems from such batteries. This invention provides the advantages of very low energy consumption, turbulence, shear, cost and maintenance. Thus, due to the low shear and low turbulence of this invention, it is particularly effective in the control of aluminum hydroxide particle size distribution in the various sections of an aluminum-air system, as will as in other elecrochemical systems requiring separation for phases of different densities.

Maimoni, Arturo (Orinda, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Fossil Energy Crossword Puzzle | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Crossword Puzzle Fossil Energy Crossword Puzzle Fossil Energy Crossword Puzzle (including answer key)...

291

Energy manager design for microgrids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On-site energy production, known as distributed energy resources (DER), offers consumers many benefits, such as bill savings and predictability, improved system efficiency, improved reliability, control over power quality, and in many cases, greener electricity. Additionally, DER systems can benefit electric utilities by reducing congestion on the grid, reducing the need for new generation and transmission capacity, and offering ancillary services such as voltage support and emergency demand response. Local aggregations of distributed energy resources (DER) that may include active control of on-site end-use energy devices can be called microgrids. Microgrids require control to ensure safe operation and to make dispatch decisions that achieve system objectives such as cost minimization, reliability, efficiency and emissions requirements, while abiding by system constraints and regulatory rules. This control is performed by an energy manager (EM). Preferably, an EM will achieve operation reasonably close to the attainable optimum, it will do this by means robust to deviations from expected conditions, and it will not itself incur insupportable capital or operation and maintenance costs. Also, microgrids can include supervision over end-uses, such as curtailing or rescheduling certain loads. By viewing a unified microgrid as a system of supply and demand, rather than simply a system of on-site generation devices, the benefits of integrated supply and demand control can be exploited, such as economic savings and improved system energy efficiency.

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Biochemical, Cell Biological, and Genetic Assays to Analyze Amyloid and Prion Aggregation in Yeast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Protein aggregates are associated with a variety of debilitating human diseases, but they can have functional roles as well. Both pathological and nonpathological protein aggregates display tremendous diversity, with ...

Alberti, Simon

293

Automation of Capacity Bidding with an Aggregator Using Open Automated Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SiteControls21 AggregatedLoadProfileofthe Teston24 RetailC3LoadProfilewithItsC6 Figure 5. Aggregated Load Profile of the Test on October

Kiliccote, Sila

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Impact of tillage and crop rotation on aggregate-associated carbon in two oxisols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oades. 1980. The effect of crop rotation on aggregation in aand J.H. Long. 1990. Crop rotation and tillage effects onImpact of Tillage and Crop Rotation on Aggregate-Associated

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Flicker Performance of Modern Lighting Technologies including Impacts of Dimmers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The existing industry standards on flicker measurement and assessment are based on the response of general purpose incandescent lamps. However, worldwide these lamps are being replaced with more energy efficient lamps including Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) and Light emitting Diode (LED) lamps. In order to keep the flicker standards relevant, the industry standard bodies on the subject are in need of the evidence that compares the flicker performance of new lighting ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

296

No pane, no gain: efficient evaluation of sliding-window aggregates over data streams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Window queries are proving essential to data-stream processing. In this paper, we present an approach for evaluating sliding-window aggregate queries that reduces both space and computation time for query execution. Our approach divides overlapping windows into disjoint panes, computes sub-aggregates over each pane, and rolls up the pane-aggregates to compute window-aggregates. Our experimental study shows that using panes has significant performance benefits. 1.

Jin Li; David Maier; Kristin Tufte; Vassilis Papadimos; Peter A. Tucker

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

High-sensitive sensor of dopamine based on photoluminescence quenching of hierarchical CdS spherical aggregates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hierarchical CdS spherical aggregates have been fabricated by an assembling strategy starting from nanoparticles, which opens a general way to obtain hierarchical spherical aggregates of different types of materials. The hierarchical CdS spherical aggregates ...

Binjie Sun, Changzheng Wang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Energy  

Site Map; Printable Version; Share this resource. Send a link to Full Size Image - Energy Innovation Portalto someone by E-mail; Share Full Size Image - Energy ...

299

Beyond size and search: building contextual mass in digital aggregations for scholarly use  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At present there are no established collection development methods for building large-scale digital aggregations. However, to realize the potential of the collective base of digital content and advance scholarship, aggregations must do more than provide ... Keywords: collection evaluation, collection policy, collection-level metadata, digital aggregations, scholarly information use, subject access, subject analysis, thematic research collections

Carole L. Palmer; Oksana L. Zavalina; Katrina Fenlon

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Environmental Impact Assessment of Artificial Aggregate Systems Based on Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aggregates are food for construction industry and hydraulic and hydropower engineering, account for 80% of concrete. Now the number of artificial aggregate systems of being used and preparing to put into use is considerable, which calls for an efficient ... Keywords: Artificial Aggregate System, Environment Impact Assessment, Fuzzy Comprehensive evaluation

Qin Hongling; Meng Suimin; Zhou Xincong

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Final report on the development of a 250-kW modular, factory-assembled battery energy storage system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A power management energy storage system was developed for stationary applications such as peak shaving, voltage regulation, and spinning reserve. Project activities included design, manufacture, factory testing, and field installation. The major features that characterize the development are the modularity of the production, its transportability, the power conversion method that aggregates power on the AC side of the converter, and the use of commonly employed technology for system components. 21 figs.

Porter, D. [Omnion Power Engineering Corp., East Troy, WI (United States); Nerbun, W. [AC Battery Corp., East Troy, WI (United States); Corey, G. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Energy Storage Systems Analysis and Development Dept.

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Aggregates: Waste and recycled materials; new rapid evaluation technology. Soils, geology, and foundations; materials and construction. Transportation research record  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

;Contents: Engineering Properties of Shredded Tires in Lightweight Fill Applications; Using Recovered Glass as Construction Aggregate Feedstock; Utilization of Phosphogypsum-Based Slag Aggregate in Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures; Waste Foundry Sand in Asphalt Concrete; Toward Automating Size-Gradation Analysis of Mineral Aggregate; Evaluation of Fine Aggregate Angularity Using National Aggregate Association Flow Test; Siliceous Content Determination of Sands Using Automatic Image Analysis; and Methodology for Improvement of Oxide Residue Models for Estimation of Aggregate Performance Using Stoichiometric Analysis.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Organic thin film prehistory: looking towards solution phase aggregation |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organic thin film prehistory: looking towards solution phase aggregation Organic thin film prehistory: looking towards solution phase aggregation Wednesday, November 6, 2013 - 3:00pm SLAC, Redtail Hawk Conference Room 108A Christopher Tassone, SSRL Polymer bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells have attracted significant attention in industry and academia because of their potential for achieving large-area, light-weight, and flexible photovoltaic devices through cost-effective solution deposition techniques. These devices consist of a blend of an absorbing polymer and an electron accepting fullerene, the molecular packing and phase segregation of which heavily influence power conversion efficiency by effecting important processes such as exciton splitting, charge transport, and recombination. Understanding and utilization of molecular interactions to predicatively control the

304

A General Relationship between Disorder, Aggregation, and Charge Transport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A General Relationship between Disorder, Aggregation, and Charge Transport A General Relationship between Disorder, Aggregation, and Charge Transport in Conjugated Polymers Monday, September 23, 2013 The potential for combining low-cost manufacturing and mechanical robustness with engineering of specific opto-electronic properties has recently spurred great interest in semiconducting polymers. Consequently, devices based on organic semiconductors have reached significant milestones such as ~10% solar power conversion efficiencies as well as electron and hole mobilities exceeding 1 cm2/Vs. Conjugated polymer chains have many degrees of conformational freedom and interact weakly with each other, resulting in complex microstructures in the solid state. Understanding charge transport in such systems, which have both amorphous and ordered

305

Models of Procyon A including seismic constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detailed models of Procyon A based on new asteroseismic measurements by Eggenberger et al (2004) have been computed using the Geneva evolution code including shellular rotation and atomic diffusion. By combining all non-asteroseismic observables now available for Procyon A with these seismological data, we find that the observed mean large spacing of 55.5 +- 0.5 uHz favours a mass of 1.497 M_sol for Procyon A. We also determine the following global parameters of Procyon A: an age of t=1.72 +- 0.30 Gyr, an initial helium mass fraction Y_i=0.290 +- 0.010, a nearly solar initial metallicity (Z/X)_i=0.0234 +- 0.0015 and a mixing-length parameter alpha=1.75 +- 0.40. Moreover, we show that the effects of rotation on the inner structure of the star may be revealed by asteroseismic observations if frequencies can be determined with a high precision. Existing seismological data of Procyon A are unfortunately not accurate enough to really test these differences in the input physics of our models.

P. Eggenberger; F. Carrier; F. Bouchy

2005-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

306

PRODUCTION OF CONSTRUCTION AGGREGATES FROM FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION SLUDGE  

SciTech Connect

Through a cooperative agreement with DOE, the Research and Development Department of CONSOL Inc. (CONSOL R and D) is teaming with SynAggs, Inc. and Duquesne Light to design, construct, and operate a 500 lb/h continuous pilot plant to produce road construction aggregate from a mixture of wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) sludge, fly ash, and other components. The proposed project is divided into six tasks: (1) Project Management; (2) Mix Design Evaluation; (3) Process Design; (4) Construction; (5) Start-Up and Operation; and (6) Reporting. In this quarter, Tasks 1 and 2 were completed. A project management plan (Task 1) was issued to DOE on October 22, 1998 . The mix design evaluation (Task 2) with Duquesne Light Elrama Station FGD sludge and Allegheny Power Hatfields Ferry Station fly ash was completed. Eight semi-continuous bench-scale tests were conducted to examine the effects of mix formulation on aggregate properties. A suitable mix formulation was identified to produce aggregates that meet specifications of the American Association of State High Transport Officials (AASHTO) as Class A aggregate for use in highway construction. The mix formulation was used in designing the flow sheet of the pilot plant. The process design (Task 3) is approximately 80% completed. Equipment was evaluated to comply with design requirements. The design for the curing vessel was completed by an outside engineering firm. All major equipment items for the pilot plant, except the curing vessel, were ordered. Pilot plant construction (Task 4) was begun in October. The Hazardous Substance Plan was issued to DOE. The Allegheny County (PA) Heat Department determined that an air emission permit is not required for operation of the pilot plant.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Focus Area: Solar Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.leonardo-energy.org/webinar-introduction-small-scale-photovoltaic- Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/introduction-small-scale-photovoltaic Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Project Development This video teaches the viewer about photovoltaic arrays and RETscreen's photovoltaic module, which can be used to project the cost and production of an array. An example case study was

308

projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million in non-Federal cost sharing) over four years. The overall goal of the research is to develop carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture and separation technologies that can achieve at least 90 percent CO 2 removal at no more than a 35 percent increase in the cost of electricity. The projects, managed by FE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), include: (1) Linde, LLC, which will use a post-combustion capture technology incorporating BASF's novel amine-based process at a 1-megawatt electric (MWe) equivalent slipstream pilot plant at the National Carbon Capture Center (NCCC) (DOE contribution: $15 million); (2) Neumann Systems Group, Inc., which will design, construct, and test a patented NeuStreamTM absorber at the Colorado

309

DOE Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions DOE Revises its NEPA Regulations, Including Categorical Exclusions September 30, 2011 - 2:30pm Addthis On September 27, 2011, the Department of Energy (DOE) approved revisions to its National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) regulations, and on September 28th, submitted the revisions to the Federal Register. The final regulations, which become effective 30 days after publication in the Federal Register, are the culmination of a 2-year process to review and update DOE's NEPA implementing procedures. This process involved internal evaluation, public participation, and Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) review. The revisions are designed to focus Departmental resources on projects with the potential for significant environmental impact, to better

310

Methods For Evaluating National Energy Savings (Can we do it?)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methods For Evaluating National Energy Savings (Can we do it?) Methods For Evaluating National Energy Savings (Can we do it?) Speaker(s): Marvin J. Horowitz Date: August 18, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 This informal workshop will provide a brief overview of the current practices for quantifying the total, net, aggregate, long-term energy savings from publicly-funded energy efficiency programs at the national and state levels (including proposals in the EU). It will conclude with a discussion of alternative methodologies that have the potential to add credibility to the energy efficiency movement. The preliminary agenda for the 30 minute presentation is as follows: Overview of current efforts in the US and EU Key features of existing program impact evaluations Emerging methodologiesy for evaluating "deep savings" For more information about

311

Energy use and carbon emissions: Non-OECD countries  

SciTech Connect

This report surveys world energy use and carbon emissions patterns, with particular emphasis on the non-OECD countries. The non OECD is important not only because it currently makes up 84% of world population, but because its energy consumption, carbon emissions, population, and grow domestic product have all been growing faster than OECD`s. This presentation has seven major sections: (1) overview of key trends in non-OECD energy use and carbon emissions since 1970; (2) Comparison and contrasting energy use and carbon emissions for five major non OEDC regions (former Soviet Union and eastern Europe, Pacific Rim including China, Latin America, other Asia; Africa; 3-7) presentation of aggregate and sectoral energy use and carbon emissions data for countries within each of the 5 regions.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Water adsorption on aggregates of spherical aerosol nano particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A three dimensional integral equation is developed in order to compute water adsorption onto aggregates of spherical aerosol nano particles. The integral equation is derived from molecular density functional theory, with a weighted density approximation and a direct correlation function interpolation rule. Only required inputs are the direct correlation functions of the uniform fluid or gas at both high-density and low-density limits. The equation has been tested on argon adsorption onto a graphite planer substrate; the result corresponds well with previous simulation work. Adsorption of both noble gas and water onto a single spherical nano particle and aggregates of spherical nano particles has been computed with the developed equation. For the adsorption of a single spherical substrate, layer structure has been found, the adsorption shows a transition property when substrate size increases and when the substrate size is over 100?? the adsorption is nearly the same as that of a planer substrate. For adsorption of aggregates of spherical nano particles, not only much strong adsorption appears but also adsorption property changes with different configurations of spherical nano particles.

Nie, Chu

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Semantics and evaluation techniques for window aggregates in data streams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A windowed query operator breaks a data stream into possibly overlapping subsets of data and computes results over each. Many stream systems can evaluate window aggregate queries. However, current stream systems suffer from a lack of an explicit definition of window semantics. As a result, their implementations unnecessarily confuse window definition with physical stream properties. This confusion complicates the stream system, and even worse, can hurt performance both in terms of memory usage and execution time. To address this problem, we propose a framework for defining window semantics, which can be used to express almost all types of windows of which we are aware, and which is easily extensible to other types of windows that may occur in the future. Based on this definition, we explore a one-pass query evaluation strategy, the Window-ID (WID) approach, for various types of window aggregate queries. WID significantly reduces both required memory space and execution time for a large class of window definitions. In addition, WID can leverage punctuations to gracefully handle disorder. Our experimental study shows that WID has better execution-time performance than existing window aggregate query evaluation options that retain and reprocess tuples, and has better latency-accuracy tradeoff performance for disordered input streams compared to using a fixed delay for disorder handling. 1.

Jin Li; David Maier; Kristin Tufte; Vassilis Papadimos; Peter A. Tucker

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Waste to Energy Time Activities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SEMINAR Waste to Energy Time Activities 9:30-9:40 Brief introduction of participants 9:40-10:10 Presentation of Dr. Kalogirou, "Waste to Energy: An Integral Part of Worldwide Sustainable Waste Management" 10. Sofia Bethanis, "Production of synthetic aggregates for use in structural concrete from waste to energy

Columbia University

315

Comparative Analysis of Modeling Studies on China's Future Energy and Emissions Outlook  

SciTech Connect

The past decade has seen the development of various scenarios describing long-term patterns of future Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, with each new approach adding insights to our understanding of the changing dynamics of energy consumption and aggregate future energy trends. With the recent growing focus on China's energy use and emission mitigation potential, a range of Chinese outlook models have been developed across different institutions including in China's Energy Research Institute's 2050 China Energy and CO2 Emissions Report, McKinsey & Co's China's Green Revolution report, the UK Sussex Energy Group and Tyndall Centre's China's Energy Transition report, and the China-specific section of the IEA World Energy Outlook 2009. At the same time, the China Energy Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) has developed a bottom-up, end-use energy model for China with scenario analysis of energy and emission pathways out to 2050. A robust and credible energy and emission model will play a key role in informing policymakers by assessing efficiency policy impacts and understanding the dynamics of future energy consumption and energy saving and emission reduction potential. This is especially true for developing countries such as China, where uncertainties are greater while the economy continues to undergo rapid growth and industrialization. A slightly different assumption or storyline could result in significant discrepancies among different model results. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the key models in terms of their scope, methodologies, key driver assumptions and the associated findings. A comparative analysis of LBNL's energy end-use model scenarios with the five above studies was thus conducted to examine similarities and divergences in methodologies, scenario storylines, macroeconomic drivers and assumptions as well as aggregate energy and emission scenario results. Besides directly tracing different energy and CO{sub 2} savings potential back to the underlying strategies and combination of efficiency and abatement policy instruments represented by each scenario, this analysis also had other important but often overlooked findings.

Zheng, Nina; Zhou, Nan; Fridley, David

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

EIA Energy Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This publication includes total energy production, consumption, and trade; energy prices; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, ...

317

Energy News in MML  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy News in MML. ... Promising alternative energy sources include biofuels, hydrogen fuels for automobiles, and photovoltaics. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

318

Imaging Chemical Aggregation of Ni/NiO Particles from Reduced NiO-YSZ  

SciTech Connect

Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) mapping of nickel oxide yttria-stabilized zirconia (NiO-YSZ) was carried out after various hydrogen reducing and methane steam reforming conditions. Nickel aggregation was visualized after methane steam reforming by correlating Ni K{sub {alpha}} map with scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) images. From the reduced O K{sub {alpha}} intensities in the Ni K{sub {alpha}} dominated regions after methane steam reforming, NiO reduction in to Ni can be interpreted. From correlation between Zr K{sub {alpha}} and O K{sub {alpha}} maps, high stability of YSZ was also realized. Examples of NiO-YSZ overlapped particles are considered to discuss chemical imaging of a single particle.

Saraf, Laxmikant V.

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

319

Search for Earth-like planets includes LANL star analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search for earth-like planets Search for earth-like planets Search for Earth-like planets includes LANL star analysis The mission will not only be able to search for planets around other stars, but also yield new insights into the parent stars themselves. March 6, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

320

Production of manufactured aggregates from flue gas desulfurization by-products  

SciTech Connect

CONSOL R and D has developed a disk pelletization process to produce manufactured aggregates from the by-products of various technologies designed to reduce sulfur emissions produced from coal utilization. Aggregates have been produced from the by-products of the Coolside and LIMB sorbent injection, the fluidized-bed combustion (FBC), spray dryer absorption (SDA), and lime and limestone wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) processes. The aggregates produced meet the general specifications for use as road aggregate in road construction and for use as lightweight aggregate in concrete masonry units. Small field demonstrations with 1200 lb to 5000 lb of manufactured aggregates were conducted using aggregates produced from FBC ash and lime wet FGD sludge in road construction and using aggregates made from SDA ash and lime wet FGD sludge to manufacture concrete blocks. The aggregates for this work were produced with a bench-scale (200--400 lb batch) unit. In 1999, CONSOL R and D constructed and operated a 500 lb/hr integrated, continuous pilot plant. A variety of aggregate products were produced from lime wet FGD sludge. The pilot plant test successfully demonstrated the continuous, integrated operation of the process. The pilot plant demonstration was a major step toward commercialization of manufactured aggregate production from FGD by-products. In this paper, progress made in the production of aggregates from dry FGD (Coolside, LIMB, SDA) and FBC by-products, and lime wet FGD sludge is discussed. The discussion covers bench-scale and pilot plant aggregate production and aggregate field demonstrations.

Wu, M.M.; McCoy, D.C.; Fenger, M.L.; Scandrol, R.O.; Winschel, R.A.; Withum, J.A.; Statnick, R.M.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy. Summary: Key metrologies/systems: Scanning tunneling microscopy and one- and two-photon photoemission/Model ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

322

Energy  

Home. Site Map; Printable Version; Share this resource. About; Search; Categories (15) Advanced Materials; Biomass and Biofuels; Building Energy Efficiency ...

323

Transportation Energy Databook: Edition 17  

SciTech Connect

The Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 17 is a statistical compendium prepared and published by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) under contract with the Office of Transportation Technologies in the Department of Energy (DOE). Designed for use as a desk-top reference, the data book represents an assembly and display of statistics and information that characterize transportation activity, and presents data on other factors that influence transportation energy use. The purpose of this document is to present relevant statistical data in the form of tables and graphs. Each of the major transportation modes is treated in separate chapters or sections. Chapter 1 compares U.S. transportation data with data from other countries. Aggregate energy use and energy supply data for all modes are presented in Chapter 2. The highway mode, which accounts for over three-fourths of total transportation energy consumption is dealt with in Chapter 3. Topics in this chapter include automobiles, trucks, buses, fleet vehicles, federal standards, fuel economies, and high- occupancy vehicle lane data. Household travel behavior characteristics are displayed in Chapter 4. Chapter 5 contains information on alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles. Chapter 6 covers the major nonhighway modes: air, water, and rail. The last chapter, Chapter 7, presents data on environmental issues relating to transportation.

Davis, S.C.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

cDNA encoding a polypeptide including a hevein sequence  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cDNA clone (HEV1) encoding hevein was isolated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mixed oligonucleotides corresponding to two regions of hevein as primers and a Hevea brasiliensis latex cDNA library as a template. HEV1 is 1018 nucleotides long and includes an open reading frame of 204 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contains a pu GOVERNMENT RIGHTS This application was funded under Department of Energy Contract DE-AC02-76ER01338. The U.S. Government has certain rights under this application and any patent issuing thereon.

Raikhel, Natasha V. (Okemos, MI); Broekaert, Willem F. (Dilbeek, BE); Chua, Nam-Hai (Scarsdale, NY); Kush, Anil (New York, NY)

1993-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

325

DOE Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes 30-mile Natural Gas Pipeline from Pasco to Hanford DOE Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes 30-mile Natural Gas Pipeline from Pasco to Hanford January 23, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Cameron Hardy, DOE , (509) 376-5365, Cameron.Hardy@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, WASH. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is considering natural gas transportation and distribution requirements to support the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) and evaporator operations at the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. DOE awarded a task order worth up to $5 million to the local, licensed supplier of natural gas in the Hanford area, Cascade Natural Gas Corporation (Cascade). Cascade will support DOE and its Environmental

326

Promoting Renewable Energy in a Market Environment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Promoting Renewable Energy in a Market Environment: A Community-Based Approach for Aggregating Green Demand Rudd Mayer Eric Blank Randy Udall John Nielsen Land and Water Fund of...

327

The National Energy Modeling System: An Overview 2000 - Industrial Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

industrial demand module (IDM) forecasts energy consumption for fuels and feedstocks for nine manufacturing industries and six nonmanufactur- ing industries, subject to delivered prices of energy and macroeconomic variables representing the value of output for each industry. The module includes industrial cogeneration of electricity that is either used in the industrial sector or sold to the electricity grid. The IDM structure is shown in Figure 7. industrial demand module (IDM) forecasts energy consumption for fuels and feedstocks for nine manufacturing industries and six nonmanufactur- ing industries, subject to delivered prices of energy and macroeconomic variables representing the value of output for each industry. The module includes industrial cogeneration of electricity that is either used in the industrial sector or sold to the electricity grid. The IDM structure is shown in Figure 7. Figure 7. Industrial Demand Module Structure Industrial energy demand is projected as a combination of “bottom up” characterizations of the energy-using technology and “top down” econometric estimates of behavior. The influence of energy prices on industrial energy consumption is modeled in terms of the efficiency of use of existing capital, the efficiency of new capital acquisitions, and the mix of fuels utilized, given existing capital stocks. Energy conservation from technological change is represented over time by trend-based “technology possibility curves.” These curves represent the aggregate efficiency of all new technologies that are likely to penetrate the future markets as well as the aggregate improvement in efficiency of 1994 technology.

328

Advanced Communication and Control Solutions of Distributed Energy Resources (DER)  

SciTech Connect

This report covers work performed in Phase II of a two phase project whose objective was to demonstrate the aggregation of multiple Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) and to offer them into the energy market. The Phase I work (DE-FC36-03CH11161) created an integrated, but distributed, system and procedures to monitor and control multiple DERs from numerous manufacturers connected to the electric distribution system. Procedures were created which protect the distribution network and personnel that may be working on the network. Using the web as the communication medium for control and monitoring of the DERs, the integration of information and security was accomplished through the use of industry standard protocols such as secure SSL,VPN and ICCP. The primary objective of Phase II was to develop the procedures for marketing the power of the Phase I aggregated DERs in the energy market, increase the number of DER units, and implement the marketing procedures (interface with ISOs) for the DER generated power. The team partnered with the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO), the local ISO, to address the energy market and demonstrate the economic dispatch of DERs in response to market signals. The selection of standards-based communication technologies offers the ability of the system to be deployed and integrated with other utilities resources. With the use of a data historian technology to facilitate the aggregation, the developed algorithms and procedures can be verified, audited, and modified. The team has demonstrated monitoring and control of multiple DERs as outlined in phase I report including procedures to perform these operations in a secure and safe manner. In Phase II, additional DER units were added. We also expanded on our phase I work to enhance communication security and to develop the market model of having DERs, both customer and utility owned, participate in the energy market. We are proposing a two-part DER energy market model--a utility need business model and an independent energy aggregator-business model. The approach of developing two group models of DER energy participation in the market is unique. The Detroit Edison (DECo, Utility)-led team includes: DTE Energy Technologies (Dtech, DER provider), Electrical Distribution Design (EDD, Virginia Tech company supporting EPRIs Distribution Engineering Workstation, DEW), Systems Integration Specialists Company (SISCO, economic scheduling and real-time protocol integrator), and OSIsoft (PI software system for managing real-time information). This team is focused on developing the application engineering, including software systems necessary for DERs integration, control and sale into the market place. Phase II Highlights Installed and tested an ICCP link with SSL (security) between DECo, the utility, and DTE Energy Technologies (DTECH), the aggregator, making DER data available to the utility for both monitoring and control. Installed and tested PI process book with circuit & DER operational models for DECo SOC/ROC operators use for monitoring of both utility circuit and customer DER parameters. The PI Process Book models also included DER control for the DECo SOC/ROC operators, which was tested and demonstrated control. The DER Tagging and Operating Procedures were developed, which allowed that control to be done in a safe manner, were modified for required MOC/MISO notification procedures. The Distribution Engineering Workstation (DEW) was modified to include temperature normalized load research statistics, using a 30 hour day-ahead weather feed. This allowed day-ahead forecasting of the customer load profile and the entire circuit to determine overload and low voltage problems. This forecast at the point of common coupling was passed to DTech DR SOC for use in their economic dispatch algorithm. Standard Work Instructions were developed for DER notification, sale, and operation into the MISO market. A software mechanism consisting of a suite of new and revised functionality was developed that integrated with the local ISO such that offe

Asgeirsson, Haukur; Seguin, Richard; Sherding, Cameron; de Bruet, Andre, G.; Broadwater, Robert; Dilek, Murat

2007-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

329

A new aggregation method for determining composite load characteristics  

SciTech Connect

A new aggregation method for determining load characteristics for representation in computer simulations is proposed. In support of the new method, a mathematical derivation is presented. Also, results are compared with models obtained by using the EPRI/University of Texas at Arlington method and field tests. The application of the proposed method is simpler than existing methods in that it does not require field tests or the use of curve fitting techniques. The procedure should be of primary interest to transmission system planners involved in load flow and dynamic stability simulations of power systems.

Rideiro, J.R.; Lange, F.J.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Rotor-router aggregation on the layered square lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In rotor-router aggregation on the square lattice Z^2, particles starting at the origin perform deterministic analogues of random walks until reaching an unoccupied site. The limiting shape of the cluster of occupied sites is a disk. We consider a small change to the routing mechanism for sites on the x- and y-axes, resulting in a limiting shape which is a diamond instead of a disk. We show that for a certain choice of initial rotors, the occupied cluster grows as a perfect diamond.

Kager, Wouter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

2011 Energy Technology Partnership Forum (4/11)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy Technology Partnership Forum. Purpose: ... Agenda: Sessions include Energy Resources: Biofuels; Renewable Energy; Nuclear Energy. ...

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

332

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2001 - Household Expenditures  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Completed Copy in PDF Format Completed Copy in PDF Format Related Links Annual Energy Outlook2001 Supplemental Data to the AEO2001 NEMS Conference To Forecasting Home Page EIA Homepage Household Expenditures Module Key Assumptions The historical input data used to develop the HEM version for the AEO2001 consists of recent household survey responses, aggregated to the desired level of detail. Two surveys performed by the Energy Information Administration are included in the AEO2001 HEM database, and together these input data are used to develop a set of baseline household consumption profiles for the direct fuel expenditure analysis. These surveys are the 1997 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) and the 1991 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS). HEM uses the consumption forecast by NEMS for the residential and

333

Modeling and Control of Aggregated Air Conditioning Loads Under Realistic Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Demand-side control is playing an increasingly important role in smart grid control strategies. Modeling the dynamical behavior of a large population of appliances is especially important to evaluate the effectiveness of various load control strategies. In this paper, a high accuracy aggregated model is first developed for a population of HVAC units. The model efficiently includes statistical information of the population, systematically deals with heterogeneity, and accounts for a second-order effect necessary to accurately capture the transient dynamics in the collective response. Furthermore, the model takes into account the lockout effect of the compressor in order to represent the dynamics of the system under control more accurately. Then, a novel closed loop load control strategy is designed to track a desired demand curve and to ensure a stable and smooth response.

Chang, Chin-Yao; Zhang, Wei; Lian, Jianming; Kalsi, Karanjit

2013-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

334

Water is used for many purposes, includ-ing growing crops, producing copper,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WATER USES Water is used for many purposes, includ- ing growing crops, producing copper, generating electricity, watering lawns, keeping clean, drinking and recreation. Bal- ancing the water budget comes down of the water budget. Reducing demand involves re- ducing how much water each person uses, lim- iting the number

335

2012 CERTS R&M Peer Review - A Business Model for Retail Aggregation of Responsive Load - Shmuel Oren  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Load Load Control Aggregation Shmuel S. Oren UC Berkeley, California CERTS REVIEW Cornell University, Ithaca NY August 7-8, 2012 PSERC 2 A Smart Grid Vision "Homeostatic Utility Control is an overall concept which tries to maintain an internal equilibrium between supply and demand. Equilibrating forces are obtained over longer time scales (5 minutes and up) by economic principles through an Energy Marketplace using time-varying spot prices. " F.C. Schweppe et al. "HOMEOSTATIC UTILITY CONTROL," IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, Vol. PAS-99, No. 3, May/June 1980 Offered to commercial and industrial customers with load > 500KW

336

Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Energy Energy Express Licensing Accelerator-Driven Transmutation Of Spent Fuel Elements Express Licensing Acid-catalyzed dehydrogenation of amine-boranes Express Licensing Air Breathing Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Express Licensing Aligned Crystalline Semiconducting Film On A Glass Substrate And Method Of Making Express Licensing Anion-Conducting Polymer, Composition, And Membrane Express Licensing Apparatus for Producing Voltage and Current Pulses Express Licensing Biaxially oriented film on flexible polymeric substrate Express Licensing Corrosion Test Cell For Bipolar Plates Express Licensing Device for hydrogen separation and method Negotiable Licensing Durable Fuel Cell Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) Express Licensing Energy Efficient Synthesis Of Boranes Express Licensing

337

Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been a significant progress in converting solar energy using silicon technology to replace fossil fuels. However, its high cost of production has led...

338

Energy  

Efficient, Low-cost Microchannel Heat Exchanger. Return to Marketing Summary. Skip footer navigation to end of page. ... Energy Innovation Portal on Facebook;

339

Long-term Differences in Tillage and Land Use Affect Intra-aggregate Pore Heterogeneity  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in computed tomography provide measurement tools to study internal structures of soil aggregates at micrometer resolutions and to improve our understanding of specific mechanisms of various soil processes. Fractal analysis is one of the data analysis tools that can be helpful in evaluating heterogeneity of the intra-aggregate internal structures. The goal of this study was to examine how long-term tillage and land use differences affect intra-aggregate pore heterogeneity. The specific objectives were: (i) to develop an approach to enhance utility of box-counting fractal dimension in characterizing intra-aggregate pore heterogeneity; (ii) to examine intra-aggregate pores in macro-aggregates (4-6 mm in size) using the computed tomography scanning and fractal analysis, and (iii) to compare heterogeneity of intra-aggregate pore space in aggregates from loamy Alfisol soil subjected to 20 yr of contrasting management practices, namely, conventional tillage (chisel plow) (CT), no-till (NT), and native succession vegetation (NS). Three-dimensional images of the intact aggregates were obtained with a resolution of 14.6 {micro}m at the Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL. Proposed box-counting fractal dimension normalization was successfully implemented to estimate heterogeneity of pore voxel distributions without bias associated with different porosities in soil aggregates. The aggregates from all three studied treatments had higher porosity associated with large (>100 {micro}m) pores present in their centers than in their exteriors. Pores 15 to 60 {micro}m were equally abundant throughout entire aggregates but their distributions were more heterogeneous in aggregate interiors. The CT aggregates had greater numbers of pores 15 to 60 {micro}m than NT and NS. Distribution of pore voxels belonging to large pores was most heterogeneous in the aggregates from NS, followed by NT and by CT. This result was consistent with presence of very large pores associated with former root channels in NT and NS aggregates. Our findings indicate that mechanisms of macro-aggregate formation might differ in their importance in different land use and management practices.

Kravchenko, A.N.; Wang, A.N.W.; Smucker, A.J.M.; Rivers, M.L. (MSU); (UC)

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

340

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY UNIVERSAL AGGREGATES, LLC, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

UNIVERSAL AGGREGATES, LLC, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF UNIVERSAL AGGREGATES, LLC, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC26-02NT41421; W(A)-02-049, CH-1108 The Petitioner, Universal Aggregates, LLC, was awarded this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash." The purpose of the cooperative agreement is to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia. A successful demonstration would lead to additional lightweight aggregate manufacturing facilities in the United States. There are currently twenty-one spray dryer facilities operating in the United States that produce an adequate amount of spray

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Global Analysis of Solar Neutrino Oscillations Including SNO CC Measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For active and sterile neutrinos, we present the globally allowed solutions for two neutrino oscillations. We include the SNO CC measurement and all other relevant solar neutrino and reactor data. Five active neutrino oscillation solutions (LMA, LOW, SMA, VAC, and Just So2) are currently allowed at 3 sigma; three sterile neutrino solutions (Just So2, SMA, and VAC) are allowed at 3 sigma. The goodness of fit is satisfactory for all eight solutions. We also investigate the robustness of the allowed solutions by carrying out global analyses with and without: 1) imposing solar model constraints on the 8B neutrino flux, 2) including the Super-Kamiokande spectral energy distribution and day-night data, 3) including a continuous mixture of active and sterile neutrinos, 4) using an enhanced CC cross section for deuterium (due to radiative corrections), and 5) a optimistic, hypothetical reduction by a factor of three of the error of the SNO CC rate. For every analysis strategy used in this paper, the most favored solutions all involve large mixing angles: LMA, LOW, or VAC. The favored solutions are robust, but the presence at 3 sigma of individual sterile solutions and the active Just So2 solution is sensitive to the analysis assumptions.

John N. Bahcall; M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia; Carlos Pena-Garay

2001-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

342

Integration of Electric Energy Storage into Power Systems with Renewable Energy Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation investigates the distribution and transmission systems reliability and economic impact of energy storage and renewable energy integration. The reliability and economy evaluation framework is presented. Novel operation strategies of energy storage and renewable energy are proposed. The method for optimizing the energy storage sizing and operation strategy in order to achieve optimal reliability and economy level is developed. The objectives of the movement towards the smart grid include making the power systems more reliable and economically efficient. The rapid development of the large scale energy storage technology makes it an excellent candidate in achieving these goals. A novel Model Predictive Control (MPC)-based operation strategy is proposed to optimally manage the charging and discharging operation of energy storage in order to minimize the energy purchasing cost for a distribution system load aggregator in power markets. Different operation strategies of energy storage have different reliability and economic impact on power systems. Simulation results illustrate the importance of the energy storage operation strategies. A hybrid operation strategy which combines the MPC-based operation strategy and the standby backup operation strategy is proposed to flexibly adjust the reliability and economic improvement brought by energy storage. A particle swarm optimization approach is developed to determine the optimal energy storage sizing and operation strategy while maximizing reliability and economic improvement. A reliability and economy assessment framework based on sequential Monte Carlo method integrated with the operation strategies is proposed. The impact on the transmission systems reliability brought by energy storage and renewable energy with the proposed operation strategies is investigated. Case studies are conducted to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed operation strategies, optimization approach, and the reliability and economy evaluation framework. Insights into how energy storage and renewable energy affect power system reliability and economy are obtained.

Xu, Yixing 1985-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Effect of irradiation parameters on defect aggregation during thermal annealing of LiF irradiated with swift ions and electrons  

SciTech Connect

Absorption spectroscopy were performed to study the effects of thermal annealing on the aggregation of color centers in LiF crystals irradiated with different ions between carbon and uranium of megaelectron volt-gigaelectron volt energy. The beam parameters such as energy, energy loss, and fluence have a pronounced influence on the initial defect composition and concentration as well as their evolution upon thermal annealing. A distinct phenomenon was observed, viz., the enhancement of F{sub n} centers for annealing temperatures between 500 and 700 K, followed by Li colloid formation above 700 K. The phenomenon requires specific irradiation conditions whereas the formation of Mg colloids from Mg impurities occurs in all irradiated crystals. The mechanisms of annealing and colloid formation are discussed.

Schwartz, K.; Neumann, R.; Trautmann, C. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, Planckstr. 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Volkov, A. E.; Sorokin, M. V. [Russian Research Center 'Kurchatov Institute', Kurchatov Square 1, 123182 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Factor demand linkages and the business cycle: Interpreting aggregate fluctuations as sectoral fluctuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stylized fact that need to be addressed by any theory of the business cycle. Whether the comovement between sectors and the aggregate business cycle originates from aggregate shocks or sectoral shocks ampli?ed by sectoral interactions, or a combination... Factor demand linkages and the business cycle: interpreting aggregate ?uctuations as sectoral ?uctuations. Sean Holly Ivan Petrella Faculty of Economics and Centre for International Macroeconomics and Finance (CIMF), University of Cambridge...

Petrella, I; Holly, Sean

345

Assessment of Wholesale Market Opportunities for Participation and Aggregation of Distributed Resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides an assessment of existing opportunities for participation and aggregation of distributed resources in organized wholesale electricity markets. The assessment provides an organized structure for identifying opportunities and requirements for distributed resources to participate in independent system operators (ISOs) and regional transmission organizations (RTOs) markets, either through direct participation or in aggregation. In the report, high-level aggregation, minimum size, and com...

2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

346

Energy efficient data centers  

SciTech Connect

Data Center facilities, prevalent in many industries and institutions are essential to California's economy. Energy intensive data centers are crucial to California's industries, and many other institutions (such as universities) in the state, and they play an important role in the constantly evolving communications industry. To better understand the impact of the energy requirements and energy efficiency improvement potential in these facilities, the California Energy Commission's PIER Industrial Program initiated this project with two primary focus areas: First, to characterize current data center electricity use; and secondly, to develop a research ''roadmap'' defining and prioritizing possible future public interest research and deployment efforts that would improve energy efficiency. Although there are many opinions concerning the energy intensity of data centers and the aggregate effect on California's electrical power systems, there is very little publicly available information. Through this project, actual energy consumption at its end use was measured in a number of data centers. This benchmark data was documented in case study reports, along with site-specific energy efficiency recommendations. Additionally, other data center energy benchmarks were obtained through synergistic projects, prior PG&E studies, and industry contacts. In total, energy benchmarks for sixteen data centers were obtained. For this project, a broad definition of ''data center'' was adopted which included internet hosting, corporate, institutional, governmental, educational and other miscellaneous data centers. Typically these facilities require specialized infrastructure to provide high quality power and cooling for IT equipment. All of these data center types were considered in the development of an estimate of the total power consumption in California. Finally, a research ''roadmap'' was developed through extensive participation with data center professionals, examination of case study findings, and participation in data center industry meetings and workshops. Industry partners enthusiastically provided valuable insight into current practice, and helped to identify areas where additional public interest research could lead to significant efficiency improvement. This helped to define and prioritize the research agenda. The interaction involved industry representatives with expertise in all aspects of data center facilities, including specialized facility infrastructure systems and computing equipment. In addition to the input obtained through industry workshops, LBNL's participation in a three-day, comprehensive design ''charrette'' hosted by the Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI) yielded a number of innovative ideas for future research.

Tschudi, William; Xu, Tengfang; Sartor, Dale; Koomey, Jon; Nordman, Bruce; Sezgen, Osman

2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

347

Grid Integration of Aggregated Demand Response, Part 2: Modeling...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of energy and operating reserves (lower) ......25 Figure 13. Mean increase in the daily load profile for spring and summer when DR provides energy. Negative numbers are a...

348

Renewable Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Learn how the Energy Department's investments in clean, renewable energy technologies -- including wind, solar and geothermal sources -- are helping strengthen the American economy.

349

Healthcare Energy Efficiency Research and Development  

SciTech Connect

Hospitals are known to be among the most energy intensive commercial buildings in California. Estimates of energy end-uses (e.g. for heating, cooling, lighting, etc.) in hospitals are uncertain for lack of information about hospital-specific mechanical system operations and process loads. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory developed and demonstrated a benchmarking system designed specifically for hospitals. Version 1.0 featured metrics to assess energy performance for the broad variety of ventilation and thermal systems that are present in California hospitals. It required moderate to extensive sub-metering or supplemental monitoring. In this new project, we developed a companion handbook with detailed equations that can be used toconvert data from energy and other sensors that may be added to or already part of hospital heating, ventilation and cooling systems into metrics described in the benchmarking document.This report additionally includes a case study and guidance on including metering into designs for new hospitals, renovations and retrofits. Despite widespread concern that this end-use is large and growing, there is limited reliable information about energy use by distributed medical equipment and other miscellaneouselectrical loads in hospitals. This report proposes a framework for quantifying aggregate energy use of medical equipment and miscellaneous loads. Novel approaches are suggested and tried in an attempt to obtain data to support this framework.

Black, Douglas R.; Lai, Judy; Lanzisera, Steven M; Parrish, Kristen D.; Singer, Brett C.

2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

350

E-Aggregation: The Present and Future of Online Financial Services in Asia-Pacific  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many financial institutions have built websites to inform and attract customers. Financial aggregation present an opportunity by which they can build stronger ...

Fujii, Hiroshi

2003-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

351

2012 CERTS R&M Peer Review - A Business Model for Retail Aggregation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Profile Or Aggregator's Wholesale Offers Profile Determining the Supply Probability r(v) Under Efficient Rationing r(v) Probability of supply assigned to a MW with...

352

SIZE AND SURFACE AREA OF ICY DUST AGGREGATES AFTER A HEATING EVENT AT A PROTOPLANETARY NEBULA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The activity of a young star rises abruptly during an FU Orionis outburst. This event causes a temporary temperature increase in the protoplanetary nebula. H{sub 2}O icy grains are sublimated by this event, and silicate cores embedded inside the ice are ejected. During the high-temperature phase, the silicate grains coagulate to form silicate core aggregates. After the heating event, the temperature drops, and the ice recondenses onto the aggregates. I determined numerically the size distribution of the ice-covered aggregates. The size of the aggregates exceeds 10 {mu}m around the snow line. Because of the migration of the ice to large aggregates, only a small fraction of the silicate core aggregate is covered with H{sub 2}O ice. After the heating event, the surface of an ice-covered aggregate is totally covered by silicate core aggregates. This might reduce the fragmentation velocity of aggregates when they collide. It is possible that the covering silicate cores shield the UV radiation field which induces photodissociation of H{sub 2}O ice. This effect may cause the shortage of cold H{sub 2}O vapor observed by Herschel.

Sirono, Sin-iti [Earth and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601 (Japan)] [Earth and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601 (Japan)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

01 - 16410 of 28,560 results. 01 - 16410 of 28,560 results. Page Guidance on Reading the Scorecard The Site-level Regulatory Scorecard comprises three interrelated tables: (i) an aggregate red-yellow-green site summary, (ii) detailed text on notices of violation and associated penalties and... http://energy.gov/em/guidance-reading-scorecard Download CX-008676: Categorical Exclusion Determination Four AT&T Wireless Communication Site Upgrades CX(s) Applied: B1.7, B1.19 Date: 07/27/2012 Location(s): Washington, Washington, Washington, Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-008676-categorical-exclusion-determination Article Technical Reports A wide range of resources addressing the many benefits of combined heat and power (CHP) is available, including the technical reports below. For

354

Energy Savings Assessment for Digital-to-Analog Converter Boxes  

SciTech Connect

The Digital Television (DTV) Converter Box Coupon Program was administered by the U.S. government to subsidize purchases of digital-to-analog converter boxes, with up to two $40 coupons for each eligible household. In order to qualify as Coupon Eligible Converter Boxes (CECBs), these devices had to meet a number of minimum performance specifications, including energy efficiency standards. The Energy Star Program also established voluntary energy efficiency specifications that are more stringent than the CECB requirements. In this study, we measured the power and energy consumptions for a sample of 12 CECBs (including 6 Energy Star labeled models) in-use in homes and estimated aggregate energy savings produced by the energy efficiency policies. Based on the 35 million coupons redeemed through the end of the program, our analysis indicates that between 2500 and 3700 GWh per year are saved as a result of the energy efficiency policies implemented on digital-to-analog converter boxes. The energy savings generated are equivalent to the annual electricity use of 280,000 average US homes.

Cheung, Hoi Ying Iris; Meier, Alan; Brown, Richard

2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

355

Land Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product A renewable-energy company focussed on harnessing biomass. Activities include wood-pellet production, biomass-combined heat and power and forestry and energy-crop...

356

PREPRINT QUASIPARTICLE AGGREGATION I N THE FRACTIONAL QUANTUM HALL EFFECT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

91618 91618 PREPRINT QUASIPARTICLE AGGREGATION I N THE FRACTIONAL QUANTUM HALL EFFECT R. B. Laughlin This paper was prepared for submittal to the Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on the Physics of Semi conductors San Francisco, California August 6-10, 1984 October 10, 1984 This is a preprint of a paper intended for publication in a journal or proceedings. Since changes may be made before publication, this preprint is made available with the un- derstanding that it will not be cited or reproduced without the permission of the author. DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency Thereof, nor any of their employees,

357

Science Accelerator content now includes multimedia | OSTI, US...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Energy Science and Technology Software Center E-print Network Information Bridge LEDP National Library of Energy OSTIblog Science.gov Science Accelerator Science Conference...

358

Monthly Energy Review - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration - EIA - Official Energy Statistics from the U.S. Government ... Alternative Fuels. Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, ...

359

International Energy Statistics - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Total Primary Energy Production | Total Primary Energy Consumption ; Indicators. ... Production of Crude Oil including Lease Condensate (Thousand Barrels Per Day)

360

TAS::89 0927::TAS RECOVERY - The Lean Green Energy Controller Machine  

SciTech Connect

Achieving efficiency improvements and providing demand-response programs have been identified as key elements of our national energy initiative. The residential market is the largest, yet most difficult, segment to engage in efforts to meet these objectives. This project developed Energy Management System that engages the consumer and enables Smart Grid services, applications, and business processes to address this need. Our innovative solution provides smart controller providing dynamic optimization of energy consumption for the residential energy consumer. Our solution extends the technical platform to include a cloud based Internet of Things (IoT) aggregation of data sensors and actuators the go beyond energy management and extend to life style services provided through compelling mobile and console based user experiences.

Teeter, John; Wang, Gene; Moss, David

2012-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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361

Sandia energy titles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The bibliography of energy-related publications produced by Sandia authors is arranged in broad subject category order. Subjects included are conservation, drilling technology, energy (general), environment and safety, fossil energy, geothermal energy, nuclear energy, and solar energy.

Gardner, J.L. (ed.)

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

A national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Implementing Agreement on Wind Energy. IEA WIND R&D Task 25 on "Design and Operation of Power Systems of energy expectation (LOEE), for instance. The issue is the proper assessment of wind power's aggregate's energy policy for 2025 of a doubling of wind power to about 6,500 MW by 2025. The change corresponds

363

Distributed Energy | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Distributed Distributed Energy Distributed Energy Distributed energy consists of a range of smaller-scale and modular devices designed to provide electricity, and sometimes also thermal energy, in locations close to consumers. They include fossil and renewable energy technologies (e.g., photovoltaic arrays, wind turbines, microturbines, reciprocating engines, fuel cells, combustion turbines, and steam turbines); energy storage devices (e.g., batteries and flywheels); and combined heat and power systems. Distributed energy offers solutions to many of the nation's most pressing energy and electric power problems, including blackouts and brownouts, energy security concerns, power quality issues, tighter emissions standards, transmission bottlenecks, and the desire for greater control over energy costs.

364

Office of Legacy Management Buildings Included on EMS Reports...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Legacy Management Buildings Included on EMS Reports Office of Legacy Management Buildings Included on EMS Reports Office of Legacy Management Buildings Included on EMS...

365

Energy  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

..) ".. ..) ".. _,; ,' . ' , ,; Depar?.me.nt ,of.' Energy Washington; DC 20585 : . ' , - $$ o"\ ' ~' ,' DEC ?;$ ;y4,,, ~ ' .~ The Honorable John Kalwitz , 200 E. Wells Street Milwaukee, W~isconsin 53202, . . i :. Dear,Mayor 'Kalwitz: " . " Secretary of Energy Hazel' O'Leary has announceha new,approach 'to,openness in " the Department of Ene~rgy (DOE) and its communications with'the public. In -. support of~this initiative, we areipleased to forward the enclosed information related to the Milwaukee Ai.rport site in your jurisdiction that performed work, for DOE orits predecessor agencies. information; use, and retention. ., This information .is provided for your '/ ,' DOE's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial:'Action~'Prog&is responsible for ,"'

366

Lithium Inhibits a Late Step in Agrin-Induced AChR Aggregation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Inhibits a Late Step in Agrin-Induced AChR Aggregation S. K. Sharma,* B. G. Wallace 1. Here we report that treating chick myotubes with lithium prevented any detectable agrin-induced change phosphorylation and detergent extractabil- ity. Lithium treatment also increased the rate at which AChR aggregates

Sharma, Shiv K.

367

Design and implementation of a socket-level bandwidth aggregation mechanism for wireless networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a mechanism to aggregate bandwidth of multiple network interfaces on a computer. Recently one single computer entails multiple different wireless network interfaces, such as IEEE 802.11a/b/g/n, Bluetooth, WiMAX, and so on. They can ... Keywords: bandwidth aggregation, heterogeneous wireless networks, multi-homed mobile host

Hiroshi Sakakibara; Masato Saito; Hideyuki Tokuda

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Fuzzy-genetic approach to aggregate production-distribution planning in supply chain management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aggregate production-distribution planning (APDP) is one of the most important activities in supply chain management (SCM). When solving the problem of APDP, we are usually faced with uncertain market demands and capacities in production environment, ... Keywords: Aggregate production-distribution planning, Fuzzy mathematical programming, Genetic algorithm, Supply chain management

R. A. Aliev; B. Fazlollahi; B. G. Guirimov; R. R. Aliev

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Weak aggregating algorithm for the distribution-free perishable inventory problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We formulate the multiperiod, distribution-free perishable inventory problem as a problem of prediction with expert advice and apply an online learning method (the Weak Aggregating Algorithm) to solve it. We show that the asymptotic average performance ... Keywords: Aggregating algorithm, Newsvendor problem, Online learning

Tatsiana Levina; Yuri Levin; Jeff Mcgill; Mikhail Nediak; Vladimir Vovk

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Load Scheduling and Dispatch for Aggregators of Plug-In Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and environmental problems worldwide [2], [3]. PEVs--either plug-in hybrid electric vehicles or pure electric1 Load Scheduling and Dispatch for Aggregators of Plug-In Electric Vehicles Di Wu, Student Member proposes an operating framework for aggregators of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs). First, a minimum- cost

Tesfatsion, Leigh

371

Integration of false data detection with data aggregation and confidential transmission in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In wireless sensor networks, compromised sensor nodes can inject false data during both data aggregation and data forwarding. The existing false data detection techniques consider false data injections during data forwarding only and do not allow any ... Keywords: data aggregation, data integrity, network-level security, sensor networks

Suat Ozdemir; Hasan am

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Minimizing Aggregation Latency under the Physical Interference Model in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of today's electric power systems, making them a vital component of the smart grid. Efficient aggregation of data collected by sensors is crucial for a successful WSN-based smart grid application. Existing works the network capacity. In this paper, we propose a distributed algorithm to minimize the data aggregation

Baras, John S.

373

Energy Literacy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Energy Education A Framework for Energy Education for Learners of All Ages Intended use of this document as a guide includes, but is not limited to, formal and informal energy...

374

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Source  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Nuclear from Market Trends Nuclear from Market Trends Renewables and natural gas lead rise in primary energy consumption figure data The aggregate fossil fuel share of total energy use falls from 82 percent in 2011 to 78 percent in 2040 in the Reference case, while renewable use grows rapidly (Figure 54). The renewable share of total energy use (including biofuels) grows from 9 percent in 2011 to 13 percent in 2040 in response to the federal renewable fuels standard; availability of federal tax credits for renewable electricity generation and capacity during the early years of the projection; and state renewable portfolio standard (RPS) programs. Natural gas consumption grows by about 0.6 percent per year from 2011 to 2040, led by the increased use of natural gas in electricity generation

375

EA-1581: Draft Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

81: Draft Environmental Assessment 81: Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1581: Draft Environmental Assessment Sand Hills Wind Energy Facility Albany County, Wyoming WindEnergy, Inc. (SWE or applicant) submitted a request to the U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Rawlins Field Office for a right-of-way (ROW) on BLM-administered lands (Proposed Action). SWE proposes to construct, operate, and maintain the Sand Hills Wind Energy Facility (Facility) in Albany County, Wyoming. The Facility, which would be located approximately 30 miles west of Laramie, would have an aggregate nominal nameplate generating capacity of up to 50 megawatts (MW) of electricity and would include up to 25, 2.0-MW wind turbines.This Environmental Assessment (EA) has been prepared to analyze the

376

Green Power Network: On-site Renewable Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News News TVA Seeks 126 MW of Renewables in 2014 December 2013 More News More News Subscribe to E-Mail Update Subscribe to e-mail update Events EPA Webinar - The Power of Aggregated Purchasing: How to Green Your Electricity Supply & Save Money January 15, 2014 1:00-2:00 p.m. ET Previous Webinars More News Features Green Power Market Status Report (2011 Data) Featured Green Power Reports On-site Renewable Energy Third-Party Solar Financing For consumers or organizations wishing to install on-site renewable energy systems, there are a variety of options available, including electricity generating systems and thermal systems that can displace electricity or fossil fuel use. Solar photovoltaics convert sunlight directly into electricity. Solar hot water systems use the sun's energy to heat water.

377

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2000 - Household Expenditures  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Key Assumptions Key Assumptions The historical input data used to develop the HEM version for the AEO2000 consists of recent household survey responses, aggregated to the desired level of detail. Two surveys performed by the Energy Information Administration are included in the AEO2000 HEM database, and together these input data are used to develop a set of baseline household consumption profiles for the direct fuel expenditure analysis. These surveys are the 1997 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) and the 1991 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS). HEM uses the consumption forecast by NEMS for the residential and transportation sectors as inputs to the disaggregation algorithm that results in the direct fuel expenditure analysis. Household end-use and personal transportation service consumption are obtained by HEM from the NEMS Residential and Transportation Demand Modules. Household disposable income is adjusted with forecasts of total disposable income from the NEMS Macroeconomic Activity Module.

378

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Source  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Nuclear from Market Trends Nuclear from Market Trends Renewables and natural gas lead rise in primary energy consumption figure data The aggregate fossil fuel share of total energy use falls from 82 percent in 2011 to 78 percent in 2040 in the Reference case, while renewable use grows rapidly (Figure 54). The renewable share of total energy use (including biofuels) grows from 9 percent in 2011 to 13 percent in 2040 in response to the federal renewable fuels standard; availability of federal tax credits for renewable electricity generation and capacity during the early years of the projection; and state renewable portfolio standard (RPS) programs. Natural gas consumption grows by about 0.6 percent per year from 2011 to 2040, led by the increased use of natural gas in electricity generation

379

Customer choice: Purchasing energy in a deregulated market  

SciTech Connect

This book presents the detailed guidance on how to effectively purchase deregulated energy, based on first-hand reports from many of the nation`s most knowledgeable experts. It is designed to provide the kind of practical advice needed by professionals who are responsible for making energy purchasing decisions. The book gives a ten-step program to guide building owners in purchasing decision making, a state-by-state retail competition update, and guidelines for buying electricity and natural gas over the worldwide web. Other topics include contract renegotiation strategies, an assessment of power pools, the role of aggregators in the energy market, real time pricing issues, where cogeneration fits within today`s marketplace, and lessons learned from deregulation experiences in Scandinavia and England.

Thumann, A. [ed.] [comp.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Premises Energy Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Premises energy management describes the automated management of electric appliances. The objective of the premises energy management system (PEMS) is to provide a value-added service to the PEMS owner and a single interface for the utility through which aggregated grid services can be supplied. This report provides two contributions to existing research: a functional requirement literature review and a simulated PEMS performance analysis.

2011-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the problem of dark energy, including a survey of phenomenological models and some aspects of data fitting.

Li, Miao; Wang, Shuang; Wang, Yi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) - Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Maps by energy source and topic, includes ... Total United States energy consumption in homes has remained relatively stable for many years as increased energy ...

383

Annual Energy Review - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Included are data on total energy production, consumption, and trade; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, renewable energy, ...

384

Including Alternative Resources in State Renewable Portfolio Standards: Current Design and Implementation Experience  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Including Alternative Resources Including Alternative Resources in State Renewable Portfolio Standards: Current Design and Implementation Experience Jenny Heeter and Lori Bird Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-55979 November 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Including Alternative Resources in State Renewable Portfolio Standards: Current Design and Implementation Experience Jenny Heeter and Lori Bird Prepared under Task No. SAO9.3110

385

Numerical simulation of ECRIPAC plasma behaviour with Vlasov equations including electron and ion collective effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

976 Numerical simulation of ECRIPAC plasma behaviour with Vlasov equations including electron of 4 MeV energy with very short pulses. (`ompared to ISlectron Ring Accelerators, ECRIPAC presents

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

386

Transportation energy data book: Edition 13  

SciTech Connect

The Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 13 is a statistical compendium prepared and published by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) under contract with the Office of Transportation Technologies in the Department of Energy (DOE). Designed for use as a desk-top reference, the data book represents an assembly and display of statistics and information that characterize transportation activity, and presents data on other factors that influence transportation energy use. The purpose of this document is to present relevant statistical data in the form of tables and graphs. Each of the major transportation modes -- highway, air, water, rail, pipeline -- is treated in separate chapters or sections. Chapter 1 compares US transportation data with data from seven other countries. Aggregate energy use and energy supply data for all modes are presented in Chapter 2. The highway mode, which accounts for over three-fourths of total transportation energy consumption, is dealt with in Chapter 3. Topics in this chapter include automobiles, trucks, buses, fleet automobiles, federal standards, fuel economies, and vehicle emission data. Household travel behavior characteristics are displayed in Chapter 4. Chapter 5 contains information on alternative fuels and alternatively-fueled vehicles. The last chapter, Chapter 6, covers each of the nonhighway modes: air, water, pipeline, and rail, respectively.

Davis, S.C.; Strang, S.G.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Transportation energy data book: Edition 12  

SciTech Connect

The Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 12 is a statistical compendium prepared and published by Oak Ridge National Laboratory under contract with the Office of Transportation Technologies in the Department of Energy. Designed for use as a desk-top reference, the data book represents an assembly and display of statistics and information that characterize transportation activity, and presents data on other factors that influence transportation energy use. The purpose of this document is to present relevant statistical data in the form of tables and graphs. Each of the major transportation modes--highway, air, water, rail, pipeline--is treated in separate chapters or sections. Chapter 1 compares US transportation data with data from seven other countries. Aggregate energy use and energy supply data for all modes are presented in Chapter 2. The highway mode, which accounts for over three-fourths of total transportation energy consumption, is dealt with in Chapter 3. Topics in this chapter include automobiles, trucks, buses, fleet automobiles, federal standards, fuel economies, and vehicle emission data. Household travel behavior characteristics are displayed in Chapter 4. Chapter 5 contains information on alternative fuels and alternatively-fueled vehicles. The last chapter, Chapter 6, covers each of the nonhighway modes: air, water, pipeline, and rail, respectively.

Davis, S.C.; Morris, M.D.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Transportation energy data book: Edition 13  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 13 is a statistical compendium prepared and published by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) under contract with the Office of Transportation Technologies in the Department of Energy (DOE). Designed for use as a desk-top reference, the data book represents an assembly and display of statistics and information that characterize transportation activity, and presents data on other factors that influence transportation energy use. The purpose of this document is to present relevant statistical data in the form of tables and graphs. Each of the major transportation modes - highway, air, water, rail, pipeline - is treated in separate chapters or sections. Chapter 1 compares US transportation data with data from seven other countries. Aggregate energy use and energy supply data for all modes are presented in Chapter 2. The highway mode, which accounts for over three-fourths of total transportation energy consumption, is dealt with in Chapter 3. Topics in this chapter include automobiles, trucks, buses, fleet automobiles, federal standards, fuel economies, and vehicle emission data. Household travel behavior characteristics are displayed in Chapter 4. Chapter 5 contains information on alternative fuels and alternatively-fueled vehicles. The last chapter, Chapter 6, covers each of the nonhighway modes: air, water, pipeline, and rail, respectively.

Davis, S.C.; Strang, S.G.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Transportation energy data book: edition 16  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 16 is a statistical compendium prepared and published by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) under contract with the Office of Transportation Technologies in the Department of Energy (DOE). Designed for use as a desk-top reference, the data book represents an assembly and display of statistics and information that characterize transportation activity, and presents data on other factors that influence transportation energy use. The purpose of this document is to present relevant statistical data in the form of tables and graphs. Each of the major transportation modes is treated in separate chapters or sections. Chapter 1 compares U.S. transportation data with data from other countries. Aggregate energy use and energy supply data for all modes are presented in Chapter 2. The highway mode, which accounts for over three-fourths of total transportation energy consumption, is dealt with in Chapter 3. Topics in this chapter include automobiles, trucks, buses, fleet vehicles, federal standards, fuel economies, and high- occupancy vehicle lane data. Household travel behavior characteristics are displayed in Chapter 4. Chapter 5 contains information on alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles. Chapter 6 covers the major nonhighway modes: air, water, and rail. The last chapter, Chapter 7, presents data on environmental issues relating to transportation.

Davis, S.C. [Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); McFarlin, D.N. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Energy-Efficient Appliance Manufacturing Tax Credit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy-Efficient Appliance Manufacturing Tax Credit Energy-Efficient Appliance Manufacturing Tax Credit Energy-Efficient Appliance Manufacturing Tax Credit < Back Eligibility Industrial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Maximum Rebate The aggregate amount of credit allowed for 2011 is $25 million per taxpayer. Certain refrigerators and clothes washers will not add to the aggregate credit amount. See summary below for more details. Program Info Start Date 01/01/2007 Expiration Date 12/31/2013 Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Rebate Amount Dishwashers: $25 - $75 per unit, varies by energy and water efficiency; Clothes washers: $175 - $225 per unit, varies by type, and energy and water efficiency; Refrigerators: $150 or $200, depending on energy-efficiency rating Provider U.S. Internal Revenue Service

391

Criticality safety considerations for MSRE fuel drain tank uranium aggregation  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of a preliminary criticality safety study of some potential effects of uranium reduction and aggregation in the Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE) fuel drain tanks (FDTs) during salt removal operations. Since the salt was transferred to the FDTs in 1969, radiological and chemical reactions have been converting the uranium and fluorine in the salt to UF{sub 6} and free fluorine. Significant amounts of uranium (at least 3 kg) and fluorine have migrated out of the FDTs and into the off-gas system (OGS) and the auxiliary charcoal bed (ACB). The loss of uranium and fluorine from the salt changes the chemical properties of the salt sufficiently to possibly allow the reduction of the UF{sub 4} in the salt to uranium metal as the salt is remelted prior to removal. It has been postulated that up to 9 kg of the maximum 19.4 kg of uranium in one FDT could be reduced to metal and concentrated. This study shows that criticality becomes a concern when more than 5 kg of uranium concentrates to over 8 wt% of the salt in a favorable geometry.

Hollenbach, D.F.; Hopper, C.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Computational Physics and Engineering Div.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Supervised Rank Aggregation for Predicting Influence in Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

focused on the identification of the most important actors in a social network. This has resulted in several measures of influence and authority. While most of such sociometrics (e.g., PageRank) are driven by intuitions based on an actors location in a network, asking for the most influential actors in itself is an ill-posed question, unless it is put in context with a specific measurable task. Constructing a predictive task of interest in a given domain provides a mechanism to quantitatively compare different measures of influence. Furthermore, when we know what type of actionable insight to gather, we need not rely on a single network centrality measure. A combination of measures is more likely to capture various aspects of the social network that are predictive and beneficial for the task. Towards this end, we propose an approach to supervised rank aggregation, driven by techniques from Social Choice Theory. We illustrate the effectiveness of this method through experiments on Twitter and citation networks. I.

Karthik Subbian; Prem Melville

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Risk analysis of nuclear safeguards regulations. [Aggregated Systems Model (ASM)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Aggregated Systems Model (ASM), a probabilisitic risk analysis tool for nuclear safeguards, was applied to determine benefits and costs of proposed amendments to NRC regulations governing nuclear material control and accounting systems. The objective of the amendments was to improve the ability to detect insiders attempting to steal large quantities of special nuclear material (SNM). Insider threats range from likely events with minor consequences to unlikely events with catastrophic consequences. Moreover, establishing safeguards regulations is complicated by uncertainties in threats, safeguards performance, and consequences, and by the subjective judgments and difficult trade-offs between risks and safeguards costs. The ASM systematically incorporates these factors in a comprehensive, analytical framework. The ASM was used to evaluate the effectiveness of current safeguards and to quantify the risk of SNM theft. Various modifications designed to meet the objectives of the proposed amendments to reduce that risk were analyzed. Safeguards effectiveness was judged in terms of the probability of detecting and preventing theft, the expected time to detection, and the expected quantity of SNM diverted in a year. Data were gathered in tours and interviews at NRC-licensed facilities. The assessment at each facility was begun by carefully selecting scenarios representing the range of potential insider threats. A team of analysts and facility managers assigned probabilities for detection and prevention events in each scenario. Using the ASM we computed the measures of system effectiveness and identified cost-effective safeguards modifications that met the objectives of the proposed amendments.

Al-Ayat, R.A.; Altman, W.D.; Judd, B.R.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Comparison of different procedures to stabilize biogas formation after process failure in a thermophilic waste digestion system: Influence of aggregate formation on process stability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Mechanism of process recovery with calcium oxide. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Formation of insoluble calcium salts with long chain fatty acids and phosphate. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Adsorption of VFAs by the precipitates resulting in the formation of aggregates. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Acid uptake and phosphate release by the phosphate-accumulating organisms. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Microbial degradation of volatile fatty acids in the aggregates. - Abstract: Following a process failure in a full-scale biogas reactor, different counter measures were undertaken to stabilize the process of biogas formation, including the reduction of the organic loading rate, the addition of sodium hydroxide (NaOH), and the introduction of calcium oxide (CaO). Corresponding to the results of the process recovery in the full-scale digester, laboratory experiments showed that CaO was more capable of stabilizing the process than NaOH. While both additives were able to raise the pH to a neutral milieu (pH > 7.0), the formation of aggregates was observed particularly when CaO was used as the additive. Scanning electron microscopy investigations revealed calcium phosphate compounds in the core of the aggregates. Phosphate seemed to be released by phosphorus-accumulating organisms, when volatile fatty acids accumulated. The calcium, which was charged by the CaO addition, formed insoluble salts with long chain fatty acids, and caused the precipitation of calcium phosphate compounds. These aggregates were surrounded by a white layer of carbon rich organic matter, probably consisting of volatile fatty acids. Thus, during the process recovery with CaO, the decrease in the amount of accumulated acids in the liquid phase was likely enabled by (1) the formation of insoluble calcium salts with long chain fatty acids, (2) the adsorption of volatile fatty acids by the precipitates, (3) the acid uptake by phosphorus-accumulating organisms and (4) the degradation of volatile fatty acids in the aggregates. Furthermore, this mechanism enabled a stable process performance after re-activation of biogas production. In contrast, during the counter measure with NaOH aggregate formation was only minor resulting in a rapid process failure subsequent the increase of the organic loading rate.

Kleyboecker, A.; Liebrich, M.; Kasina, M. [Microbial GeoEngineering, Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, 14473 Potsdam (Germany); Kraume, M. [Chemical and Process Engineering, Technical University Berlin, 10623 Berlin (Germany); Wittmaier, M. [Institute for Recycling and Environmental Protection, Bremen University of Applied Sciences, 28199 Bremen (Germany); Wuerdemann, H., E-mail: wuerdemann@gfz-potsdam.de [Microbial GeoEngineering, Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, 14473 Potsdam (Germany)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

395

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 23240 of 28,560 results. 31 - 23240 of 28,560 results. Rebate Home Energy Loan Program The Home Energy Loan Program (HELP), administered by the Louisiana Department of Natural Resources (DNR), allows homeowners to get a five-year loan to improve the energy efficiency of their... http://energy.gov/savings/home-energy-loan-program Rebate Illinois Solar Energy Association- Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation Program '''''RECAP is not currently accepting applications. The most recent solicitation closed April 30th, 2013. Check the program web site for information regarding future solicitations. '''''... http://energy.gov/savings/illinois-solar-energy-association-renewable-energy-credit-aggregation-program Rebate Interconnection Standards In December 2003, the Nevada Public Utilities Commission (PUC) adopted

396

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 25770 of 29,416 results. 61 - 25770 of 29,416 results. Rebate Home Energy Loan Program The Home Energy Loan Program (HELP), administered by the Louisiana Department of Natural Resources (DNR), allows homeowners to get a five-year loan to improve the energy efficiency of their... http://energy.gov/savings/home-energy-loan-program Rebate Illinois Solar Energy Association- Renewable Energy Credit Aggregation Program '''''RECAP is not currently accepting applications. The most recent solicitation closed April 30th, 2013. Check the program web site for information regarding future solicitations. '''''... http://energy.gov/savings/illinois-solar-energy-association-renewable-energy-credit-aggregation-program Rebate Interconnection Standards In December 2003, the Nevada Public Utilities Commission (PUC) adopted

397

Estimating disaggregated price elasticities in industrial energy demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Econometric energy models are used to evaluate past policy experiences, assess the impact of future policies and forecast energy demand. This paper estimates an industrial energy demand model for the province of Ontario using a linear-logit specification for fuel type equations which are embedded in an aggregate energy demand equation. Short-term, long-term, own- and cross-price elasticities are estimated for electricity, natural gas, oil and coal. Own- and cross-price elasticities are disaggregated to show that overall price elasticities and the energy-constant price elasticities when aggregate energy use is held unchanged. These disaggregations suggest that a substantial part of energy conservation comes from the higher aggregate price of energy and not from interfuel substitution. 13 refs., 2 tabs.

Elkhafif, M.A.T. (Ontario Ministry of Energy, Toronto (Canada))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

An Aggregate Model for the Particle Size Distribution in Saturn's Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saturn's rings are known to consist of a large number of water ice particles. They form a flat disk, as the result of an interplay of angular momentum conservation and the steady loss of energy in dissipative particle collisions. For particles in the size range from a few centimeters to about a few meters a power law distribution of radii r^(-q), with q = 3, is implied by the light scattering properties of the rings. In contrast, for larger sizes the distribution drops steeply with increasing r. It has been suggested that this size distribution may arise from a balance between aggregation and fragmentation of ring particles, but to date neither the power-law dependence, nor the upper size-cutoff have been explained or quantified within a unique theory. Here we present a new kinetic model for the collisional evolution of the size distribution and show that the exponent q is expected to be constrained to the interval 2.75 < q < 3.5. An exponential cutoff towards larger particle sizes establishes naturally...

Brilliantov, Nikolai; Hayakawa, Hisao; Bodrova, Anna; Spahn, Frank; Schmidt, Juergen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Aggregating QECB Allocations & Using QECBs to Support the Private...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to lack of investor appetite for tax credit bonds. This paper is part of the LBNL Clean Energy Financing Policy Brief series. These working papers highlight emerging financing...

400

Aggregate-associated carbon and nitrogen in reclaimed sandy loam soils  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Minimal research has been conducted on aggregate, C, and N in coarse-textured soils used to reclaim surface coal mine lands. Furthermore, little is known about the contribution different plant communities make to the recovery of aggregation in these soils. Two chronosequences of semiarid reclaimed sites with sandy loam soils were sampled under shrub- and grass-dominated communities. Aggregation, aggregate fractions, and associated C and N were measured. No definitive trends of increasing macroaggregates between sites were observed undershrubs; however, macro- and microaggregation was greater in the 16-yr-old (0.20 and 0.23 kg aggregate kg{sup -1} soil, respectively) than in the 5-yr-old soils (0.02 and 0.08 kg aggregate kg{sup -1} soil, respectively) under grasses. Although C and N concentrations were drastically reduced (50-75%) with mining activity between the <1-yr-old and native soils, aggregate C and N concentrations tinder shrubs and grasses were similar to each other and to the native soils in the 5-yr-old site. Sods under grass in the 16-yr-old site had lower available and aggregate-occluded C and N concentrations than the 5-yr-old site, while C and N concentrations did not change between 5- and 16-yr-old soils under shrubs. Conversely, aggregate C and N pool sizes under shrubs and grasses both increased with site age to conditions similar to those observed in the native soil. Reclaimed shrub site soils had consistently higher C concentrations in the older reclaimed sites (10 and 16 yr old) than the soils under grasses, indicating greater accumulation and retention of C and N in organic material under shrub than grass communities in semiarid reclaimed sites.

Wick, A.F.; Stahl, P.D.; Ingram, L.J. [Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, Blacksburg, VA (United States)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Ambient-RF-Energy-Harvesting Sensor Node with Capacitor-Leakage-Aware Duty Cycle Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of harvested energy. Thanks to these energy managements, we achieve efficient energy usage and maximize. Software energy managements for WSNs are typically realized by exploiting this feature and thus the goal by aggregation of the capacitor leakage characteristics and energy shortage risk. Table 1. Energy usage in long

Tentzeris, Manos

402

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Total Primary Energy Production | Total Primary Energy Consumption ; ... Imports of Crude Oil including Lease Condensate ... Sudan and South Sudan 0 ...

403

Full counting statistics of laser excited Rydberg aggregates in a one-dimensional geometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We experimentally study the full counting statistics of few-body Rydberg aggregates excited from a quasi-one-dimensional Rydberg gas. We measure asymmetric excitation spectra and increased second and third order statistical moments of the Rydberg number distribution, from which we determine the average aggregate size. Direct comparisons with numerical simulations reveal the presence of liquid-like spatial correlations, and indicate sequential growth of the aggregates around an initial grain. These findings demonstrate the importance of dissipative effects in strongly correlated Rydberg gases and introduce a way to study spatio-temporal correlations in strongly-interacting many-body quantum systems without imaging.

H. Schempp; G. Gnter; M. Robert-de-Saint-Vincent; C. S. Hofmann; D. Breyel; A. Komnik; D. W. Schnleber; M. Grttner; J. Evers; S. Whitlock; M. Weidemller

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Method for the production of cementitious compositions and aggregate derivatives from said compositions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method for the production of cementitious compositions and aggregate derivatives of said compositions, and cementitious compositions and aggregates produced by said method, wherein fluidized bed combustion residue and pozzolanic material, such as pulverized coal combustion system fly ash, are incorporated in a cementitious mix. The mix is cast into desired shape and cured. If desired, the shape may then be crushed so as to result in a fluidized bed combustion residue-fly ash aggregate material or the shape may be used by itself.

Minnick, L. John (Box 271, Plymouth Meeting, PA 19462)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Thermodynamics of Peptide Aggregation Processes. An Analysis from Perspectives of Three Statistical Ensembles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We employ a mesoscopic model for studying aggregation processes of protein-like hydrophobic-polar heteropolymers. By means of multicanonical Monte Carlo computer simulations, we find strong indications that peptide aggregation is a phase separation process, in which the microcanonical entropy exhibits a convex intruder due to nonnegligible surface effects of the small systems. We analyze thermodynamic properties of the conformational transitions accompanying the aggregation process from the multicanonical, canonical, and microcanonical perspective. It turns out that the microcanonical description is particularly advantageous as it allows for unraveling details of the phase-separation transition in the thermodynamic region, where the temperature is not a suitable external control parameter anymore.

Christoph Junghans; Michael Bachmann; Wolfhard Janke

2007-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

406

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Residential Deliveries included...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices...

407

Property:Number of Plants included in Capacity Estimate | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Plants included in Capacity Estimate Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Number of Plants included in Capacity Estimate Property Type Number Retrieved from "http:...

408

Fossil Energy RSS Feeds | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fossil Energy RSS Feeds Fossil Energy RSS Feeds Fossil Energy RSS Feeds RSS, sometimes known as Really Simple Syndication, is a popular means of sharing content (such as news headlines) without requiring readers to constantly visit a Web site to see what's new. RSS feeds contain headlines and hyperlinks to longer articles or Web pages. RSS feeds from the Office of Fossil Energy provide updates of specific interest to the fossil fuel community. Fossil Energy RSS feeds are free of charge. RSS content can be read using software called an RSS reader, feed reader, or an aggregator, which can be web-based or desktop-based. Click on RSS button below to subscribe to Fossil Energy latest news. All Fossil Energy News Clean Coal Technology News Carbon Capture and Storage News Oil & Natural Gas News

409

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Includes $4.5 billion for the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Includes $4.5 billion The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Includes $4.5 billion for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Includes $4.5 billion for the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability February 25, 2009 - 4:52pm Addthis President Barack Obama signed into law the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (P.L.111-5). The $787 billion economic recovery package represents the largest and most ambitious effort to stimulate the economy in United States history. The Department of Energy (DOE) will be responsible for implementing over $38 billion of the $787 billion package. Of the DOE total, $4.5 Billion is allotted to the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. As outlined in the legislation, these funds are an investment in a

410

Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in Wisconsin (Million Cubic Feet)

411

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

an evaluation of the use of renewable energy systems (including active and passive solar and wind systems) and energy efficient strategies (including the effect of...

412

Sustainable Nuclear Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Enabling a Sustainable Nuclear Energy Future Since its inception, Argonne R&D has supported U.S. Department of Energy nuclear programs and initiatives, including today's...

413

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

which are exempt from provincial sales tax include: wind energy generating systems biogas energy generating systems ground-source or geothermal heat pump energy generating...

414

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

loans for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects. Eligible renewable energy technologies include solar thermal, solar space heat, solar process heat,...

415

EIA Energy Kids - Renewable  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Renewable energy sources including biomass, hydropower, geothermal, wind, and solar provide 8% of the energy used in the United States. Most renewable energy goes to ...

416

China Energy Group - Sustainable Growth Through Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

companies; a national energy policy assessment including thein analyzing Chinese energy policy. We released the firstto China; led the Energy Policy Team, China-U.S. Energy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

U.S.-South Africa Energy Meeting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

They reaffirmed the strong ongoing energy development in both nations -- including shale gas, civilian nuclear energy, renewable energy and energy efficiency --to meet our...

418

Water requirements for future energy production in California  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This assessment estimates the impact of future national energy development on water resources. Energy development would include various types of electric power plants, production of synthetic fuels, coal and uranium mining, oil and gas extraction, and other conversion processes. The Energy Analysis Program at LBL has conducted this analysis for its assigned region, the states of California and Nevada. The objective of this study is to determine water requirements of energy technologies and their implications, with emphasis on emerging technologies for aggregated subareas (ASA) in California. The first phase of this study provides energy-supply projections and corresponding demands for water resources as perceived by regional and state groups responsible for or involved in energy planning in California and Nevada. The second phase of the study is designed to calculate the water requirements for the levels of energy development in California as specified by a Department of Energy scenario for the year 2000 and by utility projections as reported by the Federal Power Commission for 1985. The implications of these water requirements on competing water users are explored briefly. 24 references.

Sathaye, J.A.; Ritschard, R.L.

1977-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Data aggregation architectures for single-chip SDH/SONET framers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Single-chip SDH/SONET framer architectures are described that permit data aggregation from several line ports. After presenting an overview of the usual parallel approach and an extension thereof that exploits distributed algorithms, we introduce a novel ...

R. Clauberg

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

To reach consensus using uninorm aggregation operator: A gossip-based protocol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gossip-based protocols for group communication have attractive scalability and reliability properties. This paper presents a gossip-based protocol that enables agents to reach a consensus based on a specific uninorm aggregation operator. We theoretically ...

Zhixing Huang; Qiaoli Huang

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Arginine and the Hofmeister Series: The Role of IonIon Interactions in Protein Aggregation Suppression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L-Arginine hydrochloride is a very important aggregation suppressor for which there has been much attention given regarding elucidating its mechanism of action. Little consideration, however, has been given toward other ...

Schneider, Curtiss P.

422

Network Intrusion Detection and Visualization using Aggregations in a Cyber Security Data Warehouse  

SciTech Connect

The challenge of achieving situational understanding is a limiting factor in effective, timely, and adaptive cyber-security analysis. Anomaly detection fills a critical role in network assessment and trend analysis, both of which underlie the establishment of comprehensive situational understanding. To that end, we propose a cyber security data warehouse implemented as a hierarchical graph of aggregations that captures anomalies at multiple scales. Each node of our pro-posed graph is a summarization table of cyber event aggregations, and the edges are aggregation operators. The cyber security data warehouse enables domain experts to quickly traverse a multi-scale aggregation space systematically. We describe the architecture of a test bed system and a summary of results on the IEEE VAST 2012 Cyber Forensics data.

Czejdo, Bogdan [ORNL; Ferragut, Erik M [ORNL; Goodall, John R [ORNL; Laska, Jason A [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Natural -sheet proteins use negative design to avoid edge-to-edge aggregation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of proteins almost all have severe problems of insol- ubility and aggregation (3­6); many designs originally surveys their properties in all classes of all- structure. Methods Coordinate files are from the Protein

Richardson, David

424

Transportation energy data book: Edition 15  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 15 is a statistical compendium. Designed for use as a desk-top reference, the data book represents an assembly and display of statistics and information that characterize transportation activity, and presents data on other factors that influence transportation energy use. Purpose of this document is to present relevant statistical data in the form of tables and graphs. Each of the major transportation modes is treated in separate chapters or sections. Chapter I compares US transportation data with data from other countries. Aggregate energy use and energy supply data for all modes are presented in Chapter 2. The highway mode, which accounts for over three-fourths of total transportation energy consumption, is dealt with in Chapter 3. Topics in this chapter include automobiles, trucks, buses, fleet vehicles, federal standards, fuel economies, and high-occupancy vehicle lane data. Household travel behavior characteristics are displayed in Chapter 4. Chapter 5 contains information on alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles. Chapter 6 covers the major nonhighway modes: air, water, and rail. The last chapter, Chapter 7, presents data environmental issues relating to transportation.

Davis, S.C.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Converting Site Electricity to Include Generation and Transmission...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Evaluation of Electricity Consumption in the Manufacturing Division The energy intensities presented in this report do not reflect adjustments for losses in electricity generation...

426

[Article 1 of 7: Motivates and Includes the Consumer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

"Empowering Consumers" that hit a strong, kindred chord with the DOENational Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Modern Grid Strategy team. Through subsequent discussions...

427

Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the presenter teaches the viewer how to effectively navigate the solar module. Focus Area Solar Topics Market Analysis Website http:www.leonardo-energy.org Equivalent URI http:...

428

Aggregation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets: Benefits, Existing Methods, and Key Challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is designed to develop and disseminate to members of the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), the public at large, and participants in the world's evolving carbon markets a set of lessons learned about the aggregation of individual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions offset projects into larger, organized configurations that can yield large-scale GHG emissions offsets. Aggregation puts together geographically and/or temporally dispersed activities that reduce emissions in a similar manner to ...

2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

429

Monthly Energy Review - February 2009  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2) Monthly Energy Review The Monthly Energy Review (MER) is the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) primary report of recent and historical energy statistics. Included are...

430

Aggregate Building Simulator (ABS) Methodology Development, Application, and User Manual  

SciTech Connect

As the relationship between the national building stock and various global energy issues becomes a greater concern, it has been deemed necessary to develop a system of predicting the energy consumption of large groups of buildings. Ideally this system is to take advantage of the most advanced energy simulation software available, be able to execute runs quickly, and provide concise and useful results at a level of detail that meets the users needs without inundating them with data. The resulting methodology that was developed allows the user to quickly develop and execute energy simulations of many buildings simultaneously, taking advantage of parallel processing to greatly reduce total simulation times. The result of these simulations can then be rapidly condensed and presented in a useful and intuitive manner.

Dirks, James A.; Gorrissen, Willy J.

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

431

Including Alternative Resources in State Renewable Portfolio Standards: Current Design and Implementation Experience  

SciTech Connect

Currently, 29 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico have instituted a renewable portfolio standard (RPS). An RPS sets a minimum threshold for how much renewable energy must be generated in a given year. Each state policy is unique, varying in percentage targets, timetables, and eligible resources. This paper examines state experience with implementing renewable portfolio standards that include energy efficiency, thermal resources, and non-renewable energy and explores compliance experience, costs, and how states evaluate, measure, and verify energy efficiency and convert thermal energy. It aims to gain insights from the experience of states for possible federal clean energy policy as well as to share experience and lessons for state RPS implementation.

Heeter, J.; Bird, L.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

a: Includes lease condensate. b: Total consumption includes Independent Power Producer (IPP) consumption. c: Renewable energy includes minor ...

433

VERSION 1, 23 NOVEMBER 2006 THEME 6: ENVIRONMENT (INCLUDING CLIMATE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- operation partner countries Development and testing of innovative concepts for integrated water/agriculture/energy initiative (Group on Earth Observation) which is endorsed by the large number of European countries technologies for maximising material and energy recovery/recycling of the organic (humid) fraction of municipal

Meju, Max

434

U.S. Virgin Islands - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Virgin Islands - Net Metering U.S. Virgin Islands - Net Metering U.S. Virgin Islands - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Institutional Local Government Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info Program Type Net Metering In February 2007, the U.S. Virgin Islands Public Services Commission approved a limited net-metering program for residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV), wind-energy or other renewable energy system up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. In July 2009, the legislature passed Act 7075 that raised the capacity limits to 20 kW for residential systems, 100 kW for commercial systems, and 500 kW for public (which includes government, schools, hospitals). The aggregate capacity limit of all net-metered systems is five megawatts

435

Guam Refinery Thermal Cracking/Other (including Gas Oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Guam Refinery Thermal Cracking/Other (including Gas Oil) Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

436

Scheduling optimization of a real flexible job shop including side ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 19, 2013 ... including side constraints regarding preventive maintenance, fixture availabil- ...... Engineering and Engineering Management, pp. 787791.

437

METHOD OF FABRICATING ELECTRODES INCLUDING HIGH-CAPACITY ...  

An electrode (110) is provided that may be used in an electrochemical device (100) such as an energy storage/discharge device, e.g., a lithium-ion battery, or an ...

438

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Industrial Deliveries included...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial...

439

Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in California (Including ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in California (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; ...

440

FAQ 23-How much depleted uranium -- including depleted uranium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is stored in the United States? How much depleted uranium -- including depleted uranium hexafluoride -- is stored in the United States? In addition to the depleted uranium stored...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

U.S. Refinery Thermal Cracking, Other (including Gas Oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Refinery Thermal Cracking, Other (including Gas Oil) Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

442

Stocks of Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Including SPR)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Stocks include those ...

443

PLOT: A UNIX PROGRAM FOR INCLUDING GRAPHICS IN DOCUMENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simple, easy-to-read graphics language designed specificallyPROGRAM FOR INCLUDING GRAPHICS IN DOCUMENTS Pavel Curtismeanings as in the GRAFPAC graphics system. Definl. ~ tions

Curtis, Pavel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers (Including Vehicle Fuel through 1996) in South Dakota (Million Cubic Feet) Natural Gas Deliveries to Commercial Consumers...

445

Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in South Dakota (Including...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in South Dakota (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet) Natural Gas Delivered to...

446

EIA Energy Kids - Forms of Energy - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy forms are either potential or kinetic. Potential energy comes in forms that are stored including chemical, gravitational, mechanical, and nuclear.

447

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Household Expenditures Module Household Expenditures Module The Household Expenditures Module (HEM) constructs household energy expenditure profiles using historical survey data on household income, population and demographic characteristics, and consumption and expenditures for fuels for various end-uses. These data are combined with NEMS forecasts of household disposable income, fuel consumption, and fuel expenditures by end-use and household type. The HEM disaggregation algorithm uses these combined results to forecast household fuel consumption and expenditures by income quintile and Census Division. Key Assumptions The historical input data used to develop the HEM version for the AEO2003 consists of recent household survey responses, aggregated to the desired level of detail. Two surveys performed by the Energy Information Administration are included in the AEO2003 HEM database, and together these input data are used to develop a set of baseline household consumption profiles for the direct fuel expenditure analysis. These surveys are the 1997 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) and the 1991 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS).

448

Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 14  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designed for use as a desk-top reference, the data book represents an assembly and display of statistics and information that characterize transportation activity, and presents data on other factors that influence transportation energy use. The purpose of this document is to present relevant statistical data in the form of tables and graphs. Each of the major transportation modes is treated in separate chapters or sections. Chapter 1 compares US transportation data with data from other countries. Aggregate energy use and energy supply data for all modes are presented in Chapter 2. The highway mode, which accounts for over three-fourths of total transportation energy consumption, is dealt with in Chapter 3. Topics in this chapter include automobiles, trucks, buses, fleet vehicles, federal standards, fuel economies, and high-occupancy vehicle lane data. Household travel behavior characteristics are displayed in Chapter 4. Chapter 5 contains information on alternative fuels and alternatively-fueled vehicles. Chapter 6 covers the major nonhighway modes: air, water, and rail. The last chapter, Chapter 7, presents data environmental issues relating to transportation.

Davis, S.C.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

450 450 Varnish cache server Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource Dataset Summary Description This project estimates the naturally available and technically recoverable U.S. wave energy resources, using a 51-month Wavewatch III hindcast database developed especially for this study by National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA's) National Centers for Environmental Prediction. For total resource estimation, wave power density in terms of kilowatts per meter is aggregated across a unit diameter circle. This approach is fully consistent with accepted global practice and includes the resource made available by the lateral transfer of wave energy along wave crests, which enables densities within a few kilometers of a linear array, even for fixed terminator devices.

450

What To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? | National Nuclear Security To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog What To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? Home > About Us > Our Operations > Management and Budget > Whistleblower Program > What To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint? What To Include In The Whistleblower Complaint?

451

Nonequilibrium chiral fluid dynamics including dissipation and noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a consistent theoretical approach for the study of nonequilibrium effects in chiral fluid dynamics within the framework of the linear sigma model with constituent quarks. Treating the quarks as an equilibrated heat bath we use the influence functional formalism to obtain a Langevin equation for the sigma field. This allows us to calculate the explicit form of the damping coefficient and the noise correlators. For a selfconsistent derivation of both the dynamics of the sigma field and the quark fluid we have to employ the 2PI (two-particle irreducible) effective action formalism. The energy dissipation from the field to the fluid is treated in the exact formalism of the 2PI effective action where a conserved energy-momentum tensor can be constructed. We derive its form and comment on approximations generating additional terms in the energy-momentum balance of the entire system.

Marlene Nahrgang; Stefan Leupold; Christoph Herold; Marcus Bleicher

2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

452

Nonequilibrium chiral fluid dynamics including dissipation and noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a consistent theoretical approach for the study of nonequilibrium effects in chiral fluid dynamics within the framework of the linear sigma model with constituent quarks. Treating the quarks as an equilibrated heat bath we use the influence functional formalism to obtain a Langevin equation for the sigma field. This allows us to calculate the explicit form of the damping coefficient and the noise correlators. For a selfconsistent derivation of both the dynamics of the sigma field and the quark fluid we have to employ the 2PI (two-particle irreducible) effective action formalism. The energy dissipation from the field to the fluid is treated in the exact formalism of the 2PI effective action where a conserved energy-momentum tensor can be constructed. We derive its form and comment on approximations generating additional terms in the energy-momentum balance of the entire system.

Nahrgang, Marlene; Herold, Christoph; Bleicher, Marcus

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the measurement and tracking of electricity, gas, and water data, through the use of the ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager tool. Goals included completion rates for critical and...

454

Energy Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

power lines, solar PV panels, wind turbines, urban skyline, globe Energy Analysis Generating and interpreting information to inform a wide range of stakeholders, including...

455

Method for the production of cementitious compositions and aggregate derivatives from said compositions, and cementitious compositions and aggregates produced thereby  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a method for preparing synthetic shaped cementitious compositions having high quality even without the addition of high energy binders, such as portland cement, through the use of the spent residue from a fluidized combustion bed of the type wherein limestone particles are suspended in a fluidized medium and sulfur oxides are captured, and pulverized coal fly ash.

Minnick, L. John (Box 271, Plymouth Meeting, PA 19462)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

DOE Order 440. 1 B: Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including NNSA)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0. 1 B: Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including 0. 1 B: Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including NNSA) Federal Employees DOE Order 440. 1 B: Worker Protection Program for DOE (Including NNSA) Federal Employees Stakeholders: DOE and NNSA employees Scope: DOE Order 440.1 B establishes the framework for an effective worker protection program that will reduce or prevent injuries, illnesses, and accidental losses by providing Department of Energy, including National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Federal workers with a safe and healthful workplace. Summary: Among the requirements of DOE Order 440.1 B, the Department must provide its employees, including NNSA, a number of protections relating to whistle blowing guidelines. The relevant section of requirements includes: 4. REQUIREMENTS. DOE elements must:

457

NREL/Ventyx Utility Rates: What is included? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL/Ventyx Utility Rates: What is included? NREL/Ventyx Utility Rates: What is included? Home > Groups > Utility Rate Does anyone know what pieces of electric rates are included in the NREL/Ventyx database of rates by utility, i.e. is it supply only or does the file include supply, transmission & distribution costs? Thanks! Submitted by Vbugnion on 27 February, 2013 - 16:25 1 answer Points: 1 Hi Vbugnion, Just to clarify, you're not asking about the OpenEI utility rates, but rather the Ventyx rates found here: http://developer.nrel.gov/doc/api/georeserv/service/utility_rates If so, then the Ventyx rates do include all bundled rates (which includes supply, trans, and distr costs). However, there's a small but non-zero possibility that a few energy-only or delivery-only rates may not have been cleaned

458

Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data for thermal and hydro power plants are based on CEAsmillion) per MW while small hydro power plants cost Rs 5.50comes from thermal and hydro power plants. We assume that

Sathaye, Jayant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reducing Indias imports of coal and natural gas. By 2020,to import 25 billion standard cubic meters (SCM) of gas

Sathaye, Jayant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Secure and energy-efficient data aggregation for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks are now in widespread use to monitor regions, detect events and acquire information. Since the deployed nodes are separated, they need to cooperatively communicate sensed data to the base station. To maximise WSN lifetime, it ...

Sofiene Ben Othman; Abdelbasset Trad; Hani Alzaid; Habib Youssef

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "include aggregate energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

major private sector generation and distribution companies,separating generation from transmission and distribution of

Sathaye, Jayant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

activities in India: Generation and Source Characterization.several renewable generation sources, each with a differentfor 69% of the generation from conventional sources and gas

Sathaye, Jayant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Promoting Renewable Energy in a Market Environment: A Community-Based Approach for Aggregating Green Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

detoxification capability and eventu- ally led to phytotoxicity at high arsenic concentrations. Therefore) 238e246 #12;and TCLP extraction. Environmental Science and Technology 35, 3476e 3481. Murphy, J

464

Energy Technologies and Carbon Dioxide Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It will cover various technological aspects of sustainable energy ecosystems, ... energy sources, including renewable energy sources such as solar, wind,...

465

Annual Energy Review - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. States. State energy information, detailed and overviews. Maps. Maps by energy source and topic, includes forecast maps. Countries. Country ...

466

Clean Energy Portfolio Goal | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

forest thinnings, mill residue wood, animal wastes, animal byproducts, aquatic plants and algae; hydropower; fuel cells; hydrogen; energy from waste to energy facilities, including...

467

Annual Energy Review - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

State energy information, detailed and overviews. Maps. Maps by energy source and topic, includes forecast maps. ... A6 Approximate Heat Rates for Electricity, ...

468

Clean Energy Portfolio Goal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

thinnings, mill residue wood, animal wastes, animal byproducts, aquatic plants and algae; hydropower; fuel cells; hydrogen; energy from waste to energy facilities, including...

469

Facility Energy Decision System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

efficiency in a single or multiple buildings, including central energy plants and thermal loops; compare energy savings potential across sites; identify retrofits by selecting...

470

Performance Profiles of Major Energy Producers - Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

State Energy Data System (SEDS) International Energy Statistics ... which includes the addition of three refinery joint ventures to the FRS survey.

471

Energy System Analysis at SINTEF Energy Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1989. His main areas of work include distributed energy systems, energy system planning, operation and control, ancillary services, frequency and power control, and power flow...

472

International Energy Annual 2001 - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Office of Energy Markets and End Use U.S. Department of Energy ... Coal includes anthracite, subanthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, lignite, and brown coal.

473

Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Management Requirements...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Law and Regulation Federal agencies must meet energy management requirements outlined by Federal various statutory laws and regulations. They include: National Energy Conservation...

474

DYNAMIC MODELLING OF AUTONOMOUS POWER SYSTEMS INCLUDING RENEWABLE POWER SOURCES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(thermal, gas, diesel) and renewable (hydro, wind) power units. The objective is to assess the impact systems where the cost of conventional production is high. In recent years, the integration of wind energy is seen as an attractive alternative for fuel displacement. However, the intermittent nature of wind

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

475

IEA World Energy Outlook | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IEA World Energy Outlook IEA World Energy Outlook Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: IEA World Energy Outlook Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Conventional Energy, Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Market analysis, Technology characterizations References: World Energy Outlook[1] The 2010 "edition of the World Energy Outlook - the International Energy Agency's flagship publication and leading source of analysis of global energy trends - presents updated projections of energy demand, production, trade and investment, fuel by fuel and region by region to 2035. WEO-2010 includes, for the first time, the result of a new scenario that takes account of the recent commitments that governments have made to

476

HIGH-DENSITY CONCRETE WITH CERAMIC AGGREGATE BASED ON DEPLETED URANIUM DIOXIDE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DENSITY CONCRETE WITH CERAMIC AGGREGATE BASED ON DEPLETED URANIUM DENSITY CONCRETE WITH CERAMIC AGGREGATE BASED ON DEPLETED URANIUM DIOXIDE S.G. Ermichev, V.I. Shapovalov, N.V.Sviridov (RFNC-VNIIEF, Sarov, Russia) V.K. Orlov, V.M. Sergeev, A. G. Semyenov, A.M. Visik, A.A. Maslov, A. V. Demin, D.D. Petrov, V.V. Noskov, V. I. Sorokin, O. I. Uferov (VNIINM, Moscow, Russia) L. Dole (ORNL, Oak Ridge, USA) Abstract - Russia is researching the production and testing of concretes with ceramic aggregate based on depleted uranium dioxide (UO 2 ). These DU concretes are to be used as structural and radiation-shielded material for casks for A-plant spent nuclear fuel transportation and storage. This paper presents the results of studies aimed at selection of ceramics and concrete composition, justification of their production technology, investigation of mechanical properties, and chemical stability.

477

Approximate mechanism for measuring stability of Internet link in aggregated Internet pipe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we propose a method for measuring internet connection stability which is fast and has negligible overhead for the process of its complexity. This method finds a relative value for representing the stability of internet connections and can also be extended for aggregated internet connections. The method is documented with help of a real time implementation and results are shared. This proposed measurement scheme uses HTTP GET method for each connections. The normalized responses to identified sites like gateways of ISPs, google.com etc are used for calculating current link stability. The novelty of the approach is that historic values are used to calculate overall link stability. In this discussion, we also document a method to use the calculated values as a dynamic threshold metric. This is used in routing decisions and for load-balancing each of the connections in an aggregated bandwidth pipe. This scheme is a very popular practice in aggregated internet connections.

M, Vipin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Aggregation of dialkyl-substituted diphosphonic acids and its effect on metal ion extraction.  

SciTech Connect

Solvent extraction reagents containing the diphosphonic acid group exhibit an extraordinary affinity for tri-, tetra- and hexavalent actinides. Their use has been considered for actinide separation and pre-concentration procedures. Solvent extraction data obtained with P,P{prime}-di(2-ethylhexyl) methane-, ethane- and butanediphosphonic acids exhibit features that are difficult to explain without Knowledge of the aggregation state of the extractants. Information about the aggregation of the dialkyl-substituted diphosphonic acids in aromatic diluents has been obtained using the complementary techniques of vapor pressure osmometry (VPO), small angle neutron scattering (SANS), infrared spectroscopy and molecular mechanics. The results from these techniques provide an understanding of the aggregation behavior of these extractants that is fully compatible with the solvent extraction data. The most important results and their relevance to solvent extraction are reviewed in this paper.

Chiarizia, R.; Barrans, R. E., Jr.; Ferraro, J. R. Herlinger, A. W.; McAlister, D. R.

1999-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

479

Patterns of gravity induced aggregate migration during casting of fluid concretes  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, aggregate migration patterns during fluid concrete castings are studied through experiments, dimensionless approach and numerical modeling. The experimental results obtained on two beams show that gravity induced migration is primarily affecting the coarsest aggregates resulting in a decrease of coarse aggregates volume fraction with the horizontal distance from the pouring point and in a puzzling vertical multi-layer structure. The origin of this multi layer structure is discussed and analyzed with the help of numerical simulations of free surface flow. Our results suggest that it finds its origin in the non Newtonian nature of fresh concrete and that increasing casting rate shall decrease the magnitude of gravity induced particle migration.

Spangenberg, J. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark (DTU) (Denmark)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark (DTU) (Denmark); Roussel, N., E-mail: Nicolas.roussel@lcpc.fr [Universite Paris Est, Laboratoire Central des Ponts et Chaussees (LCPC) (France); Hattel, J.H. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark (DTU) (Denmark)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark (DTU) (Denmark); Sarmiento, E.V.; Zirgulis, G. [Department of Structural Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) (Norway)] [Department of Structural Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) (Norway); Geiker, M.R. [Department of Structural Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) (Norway) [Department of Structural Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) (Norway); Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Denmark (DTU) (Denmark)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

480

Geoenvironmental and engineering properties of rock, soil, and aggregate. Transportation research record  

SciTech Connect

Partial Contents: Use of Waste Materials in Highway Construction: State of the Practice and Evaluation of the Selected Waste Products; Physical and Environmental Properties of Asphalt-Amended Bottom Ash; Use of Cement Kiln Dust, Fly Ash, and Recycling Technique in Low-Volume Road Rehabilitation; Use of By-Product Phosphogypsum in Road Construction; Stabilization of Water Treatment Plant Sludge for Possible Use as Embankment Material; Construction and Performance of a Shredded Waste Tire Test Embankment; Corrosion of Steel Piles in Some Waste Fills; Recycled Plastics for Highway Agencies; Effect of Chloride and Sulfate Contamination in Soils on Corrosion of Steel and Concrete; Permeability and Leaching Characteristics of Fly Ash Liner Materials; Evaluation of Recycled Concrete, Open-Graded Aggregate, and Large Top-Size Aggregate Bases; Engineering Properties of Phosphogypsum-Based Slag Aggregate.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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481

U-182: Microsoft Windows Includes Some Invalid Certificates | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

82: Microsoft Windows Includes Some Invalid Certificates 82: Microsoft Windows Includes Some Invalid Certificates U-182: Microsoft Windows Includes Some Invalid Certificates June 4, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in Microsoft Windows. A remote user may be able to spoof code signing signatures. PLATFORM: Version(s): XP SP3, 2003 SP2, Vista SP2, 2008 SP2, 7 SP1, 2008 R2 SP1; and prior service packs ABSTRACT: The operating system includes some invalid intermediate certificates. The vulnerability is due to the certificate authorities and not the operating system itself. Reference Links: Security tracker ID 1027114 GENERIC-MAP-NOMATCH Vendor Advisory IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: The invalid certificates and their thumbprints are: Microsoft Enforced Licensing Intermediate PCA: 2a 83 e9 02 05 91 a5 5f c6

482

Removal of mineral matter including pyrite from coal  

SciTech Connect

Mineral matter, including pyrite, is removed from coal by treatment of the coal with aqueous alkali at a temperature of about 175.degree. to 350.degree. C, followed by acidification with strong acid.

Reggel, Leslie (Pittsburgh, PA); Raymond, Raphael (Bethel Park, PA); Blaustein, Bernard D. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1976-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

483

Characterizations of Aircraft Icing Environments that Include Supercooled Large Drops  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of aircraft icing environments that include supercooled large drops (SLD) greater than 50 ?m in diameter have been made during 38 research flights. These flights were conducted during the First and Third Canadian Freezing Drizzle ...

Stewart G. Cober; George A. Isaac; J. Walter Strapp

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Including costs of supply chain risk in strategic sourcing decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost evaluations do not always include the costs associated with risks when organizations make strategic sourcing decisions. This research was conducted to establish and quantify the impact of risks and risk-related costs ...

Jain, Avani

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Including Atmospheric Layers in Vegetation and Urban Offline Surface Schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A formulation to include prognostic atmospheric layers in offline surface schemes is derived from atmospheric equations. Whereas multilayer schemes developed previously need a complex coupling between atmospheric-model levels and surface-scheme ...

Valry Masson; Yann Seity

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Commercial Deliveries included in Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History U.S. 63.3 59.3 57.9 57.0 57.4 61.3 1983-2013 Alabama 71.7 71.0 68.5 68.2 68.4 66.7 1989-2013 Alaska 94.1 91.6 91.1 91.0 92.3 92.6 1989-2013 Arizona 84.0 83.0 81.6 80.3 82.8 82.7 1989-2013 Arkansas 37.8 28.3 28.1 28.6 26.7 28.0 1989-2013

487

Percentage of Total Natural Gas Industrial Deliveries included in Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries