Rolling stones: The motion of a sphere down an inclined plane coated with a thin liquid film
Bico,José
Rolling stones: The motion of a sphere down an inclined plane coated with a thin liquid film J 2009 A spherical bead deposited on a smooth tilted dry plane wall rolls down the slope under that is coated with a thin layer of order 50100 m of a viscous liquid. The steady motion of the sphere under
Sidorov, Nikita
· "Granular jets and hydraulic jumps on an inclined plane", C. G. Johnson, J. M. N. T. Gray ( ), J material impinging on an inclined plane pro- duces a diverse range of ows, from steady hydraulic jumps-moving radial ow, surrounded by either a teardrop-shaped, or a `blunted' hydraulic jump. A depth
Nichols, Kristin
2013-02-01
its dynamics will continue to vary over time. For the Sun-Earth-Jupiter system simulated in this paper (run over 119,000 years), orbits inclined to the ecliptic plane greater than 50° became unstable, with Earth ejection after 62,000 years (85...
Rolling stones: The motion of a sphere down an inclined plane coated with a thin liquid film
Bico, Jose
A spherical bead deposited on a smooth tilted dry plane wall rolls down the slope under the uniform acceleration of gravity. We describe an analogous experiment conducted using a plane wall that is coated with a thin layer ...
Noble, Pascal
2012-01-01
In this paper we derive consistent shallow water equations for thin films of power law fluids down an incline. These models account for the streamwise diffusion of momentum which is important to describe accurately the full dynamic of the thin film flows when instabilities like roll-waves arise. These models are validated through a comparison with Orr Sommerfeld equations for large scale perturbations. We only consider laminar flow for which the boundary layer issued from the interaction of the flow with the bottom surface has an influence all over the transverse direction to the flow. In this case the concept itself of thin film and its relation with long wave asymptotic leads naturally to flow conditions around a uniform free surface Poiseuille flow. The apparent viscosity diverges at the free surface which, in turn, introduces a singularity in the formulation of the Orr-Sommerfeld equations and in the derivation of shallow water models. We remove this singularity by introducing a weaker formulation of Cauc...
Meade, Douglas B.
resistance is proportional to the square of the speed -- ignore wind -- the umpire is in a good position in 4.0 seconds. How hard, and with what angle of inclination, must the ball be thrown to prevent
Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction...
Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway...
UNBIASED INCLINATION DISTRIBUTIONS FOR OBJECTS IN THE KUIPER BELT
Gulbis, A. A. S. [South African Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 9, Observatory, 7935 Cape Town (South Africa); Elliot, J. L.; Adams, E. R. [Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139-4307 (United States); Benecchi, S. D. [Planetary Science Institute, 1700 East Fort Lowell, Suite 106, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Buie, M. W. [Department of Space Studies, Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street 400, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States); Trilling, D. E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northern Arizona University, P.O. Box 6010, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 (United States); Wasserman, L. H., E-mail: amanda@saao.ac.z, E-mail: jle@mit.ed, E-mail: era@mit.ed, E-mail: lhw@lowell.ed, E-mail: susank@psi.ed, E-mail: buie@boulder.swri.ed, E-mail: David.Trilling@nau.ed [Lowell Observatory, 1400 West Mars Hill Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (United States)
2010-08-15
Using data from the Deep Ecliptic Survey (DES), we investigate the inclination distributions of objects in the Kuiper Belt. We present a derivation for observational bias removal and use this procedure to generate unbiased inclination distributions for Kuiper Belt objects (KBOs) of different DES dynamical classes, with respect to the Kuiper Belt plane. Consistent with previous results, we find that the inclination distribution for all DES KBOs is well fit by the sum of two Gaussians, or a Gaussian plus a generalized Lorentzian, multiplied by sin i. Approximately 80% of KBOs are in the high-inclination grouping. We find that Classical object inclinations are well fit by sin i multiplied by the sum of two Gaussians, with roughly even distribution between Gaussians of widths 2.0{sup +0.6}{sub -0.5}{sup 0} and 8.1{sup +2.6}{sub -2.1}{sup 0}. Objects in different resonances exhibit different inclination distributions. The inclinations of Scattered objects are best matched by sin i multiplied by a single Gaussian that is centered at 19.1{sup +3.9}{sub -3.6}{sup 0} with a width of 6.9{sup +4.1}{sub -2.7}{sup 0}. Centaur inclinations peak just below 20{sup 0}, with one exceptionally high-inclination object near 80{sup 0}. The currently observed inclination distribution of the Centaurs is not dissimilar to that of the Scattered Extended KBOs and Jupiter-family comets, but is significantly different from the Classical and Resonant KBOs. While the sample sizes of some dynamical classes are still small, these results should begin to serve as a critical diagnostic for models of solar system evolution.
THE PLANE OF THE KUIPER BELT Michael E. Brown
Brown, Michael E.
THE PLANE OF THE KUIPER BELT Michael E. Brown Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences of the Kuiper belt. The derived plane has an inclination with respect to the ecliptic of 1 .86 and an ascending node of 81 .6, with a 1 error in pole position of the plane of 0 .37. The plane of the Kuiper belt
Rapid granular flows on a rough incline: phase diagram, gas transition, and effects of air drag
Tamas Borzsonyi; Robert E. Ecke
2006-11-16
We report experiments on the overall phase diagram of granular flows on an incline with emphasis on high inclination angles where the mean layer velocity approaches the terminal velocity of a single particle free falling in air. The granular flow was characterized by measurements of the surface velocity, the average layer height, and the mean density of the layer as functions of the hopper opening, the plane inclination angle and the downstream distance x of the flow. At high inclination angles the flow does not reach an x-invariant steady state over the length of the inclined plane. For low volume flow rates, a transition was detected between dense and very dilute (gas) flow regimes. We show using a vacuum flow channel that air did not qualitatively change the phase diagram and did not quantitatively modify mean flow velocities of the granular layer except for small changes in the very dilute gas-like phase.
Gravity currents in a porous medium at an inclined plane
Vella, D; Huppert, Herbert E.; Vella, Dominic
2006-01-01
We consider the release from a point source of relatively heavy fluid into a porous saturated medium above an impermeable slope. We consider the case where the volume of the resulting gravity current increases with time like $t^\\alpha$ and show that for $\\alpha3$, this situation is reversed with spreading occurring predominantly downslope for short times. The governing equations admit similarity solutions whose scaling behaviour we determine, with the full similarity form being evaluated by numerical computations of the governing partial differential equation. We find that the results of these analyses are in good quantitative agreement with a series of laboratory experiments. Finally, we briefly discuss the implications of our work for the sequestration of carbon dioxide in aquifers with a sloping, impermeable cap.
Indian Railways Backbone of Information Transport in India
Kumar, Santosh
1 Indian Railways Backbone of Information Transport in India Santosh Kumar, Ohio State University: Indian Railways is the backbone of public transport in India. With ever- increasing number of people to be the backbone of any country's economy. Indian Railways undoubtedly is the backbone of public transport in India
Jean-Luc Thiffeault; Andrew Belmonte
2010-09-01
When a fluid jet strikes an inclined solid surface at normal incidence, gravity creates a flow pattern with a thick outer rim resembling a parabola and reminiscent of a hydraulic jump. There appears to be little theory or experiments describing simple aspects of this phenomenon, such as the maximum rise height of the fluid above the impact point, and its dependence on jet velocity and inclination angle. We address this with experiments, and present a simple theory based on horizontal hydraulic jumps which accounts for the rise height and its scaling, though without describing the shape of the parabolic envelope.
INCLINATION MIXING IN THE CLASSICAL KUIPER BELT
Volk, Kathryn; Malhotra, Renu, E-mail: kvolk@lpl.arizona.edu [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)
2011-07-20
We investigate the long-term evolution of the inclinations of the known classical and resonant Kuiper Belt objects (KBOs). This is partially motivated by the observed bimodal inclination distribution and by the putative physical differences between the low- and high-inclination populations. We find that some classical KBOs undergo large changes in inclination over gigayear timescales, which means that a current member of the low-inclination population may have been in the high-inclination population in the past, and vice versa. The dynamical mechanisms responsible for the time variability of inclinations are predominantly distant encounters with Neptune and chaotic diffusion near the boundaries of mean motion resonances. We reassess the correlations between inclination and physical properties including inclination time variability. We find that the size-inclination and color-inclination correlations are less statistically significant than previously reported (mostly due to the increased size of the data set since previous works with some contribution from inclination variability). The time variability of inclinations does not change the previous finding that binary classical KBOs have lower inclinations than non-binary objects. Our study of resonant objects in the classical Kuiper Belt region includes objects in the 3:2, 7:4, 2:1, and eight higher-order mean motion resonances. We find that these objects (some of which were previously classified as non-resonant) undergo larger changes in inclination compared to the non-resonant population, indicating that their current inclinations are not generally representative of their original inclinations. They are also less stable on gigayear timescales.
The Warped Plane of the Classical Kuiper Belt
Eugene Chiang; Hyomin Choi
2008-06-02
By numerically integrating the orbits of the giant planets and of test particles over a period of four billion years, we follow the evolution of the location of the midplane of the Kuiper belt. The Classical Kuiper belt conforms to a warped sheet that precesses with a 1.9 Myr period. The present-day location of the Kuiper belt plane can be computed using linear secular perturbation theory: the local normal to the plane is given by the theory's forced inclination vector, which is specific to every semimajor axis. The Kuiper belt plane does not coincide with the invariable plane, but deviates from it by up to a few degrees in stable zones. For example, at a semimajor axis of 38 AU, the local Kuiper belt plane has an inclination of 1.9 deg and a longitude of ascending node of 149.9 deg when referred to the mean ecliptic and equinox of J2000. At a semimajor axis of 43 AU, the local plane has an inclination of 1.9 deg and a nodal longitude of 78.3 deg. Only at infinite semimajor axis does the Kuiper belt plane merge with the invariable plane, whose inclination is 1.6 deg and nodal longitude is 107.7 deg. A Kuiper belt object keeps its inclination relative to the Kuiper belt plane nearly constant, even while the latter plane departs from the trajectory predicted by linear theory. The constancy of relative inclination reflects the undamped amplitude of free oscillation. Current observations of Classical Kuiper belt objects are consistent with the plane being warped by the giant planets alone, but the sample size will need to increase by a few times before confirmation exceeds 3-sigma in confidence. In principle, differences between the theoretically expected plane and the observed plane could be used to infer as yet unseen masses orbiting the Sun, but carrying out such a program would be challenging.
Department of Computing CSP||B modelling for railway verification
Doran, Simon J.
University of Surrey Department of Computing Computing Sciences Report CS-12-03 CSP||B modelling Schneider Helen Treharne March 30th 2012 #12;CSP||B modelling for railway verification: the double junction work in verifying railway systems through CSP k B modelling and analysis. In particular we consider
Flow rule of dense granular flows down a rough incline
Tamas Borzsonyi; Robert E. Ecke
2007-07-09
We present experimental findings on the flow rule for granular flows on a rough inclined plane using various materials including sand and glass beads of various sizes and four types of copper particles with different shapes. We characterize the materials by measuring $h_s$ (the thickness at which the flow subsides) as a function of the plane inclination $\\theta$ on various surfaces. Measuring the surface velocity $u$ of the flow as a function of flow thickness $h$, we find that for sand and glass beads the Pouliquen flow rule $u/\\sqrt{gh} \\sim \\beta h/h_s$ provides reasonable but not perfect collapse of the $u(h)$ curves measured for various $\\theta$ and mean particle diameter $d$. Improved collapse is obtained for sand and glass beads by using a recently proposed scaling of the form $u/\\sqrt{gh} =\\beta \\cdot h \\tan^2\\theta /h_s\\ \\tan^2\\theta_1$ where $\\theta_1$ is the angle at which the $h_s(\\theta)$ curves diverge. Measuring the slope $\\beta$ for ten different sizes of sand and glass beads, we find a systematic, strong increase of $\\beta$ with the divergence angle $\\theta_1$ of $h_s$. The copper materials with different shapes are not well described by either flow rule with $u \\sim h^{3/2}$.
Vibration from underground railways: considering piled foundations and twin tunnels
Kuo, Kirsty Alison
2011-02-08
Accurate predictions of ground-borne vibration levels in the vicinity of an underground railway are greatly sought after in modern urban centers. Yet the complexity involved in simulating the underground environment means that it is necessary...
Decoupling of a giant planet from its disk in an inclined binary system
Picogna, Giovanni
2015-01-01
We explore the dynamical evolution of a planet embedded in a disk surrounding a star part of a binary system where the orbital plane of the binary is significantly tilted respect to the initial disk plane. Our aim is to test whether the planet remains within the disk and continues to migrate towards the star in a Type I/II mode in spite of the secular perturbations of the companion star. This would explain observed exoplanets with significant inclination respect to the equatorial plane of their host star. We have used two different SPH codes, vine and phantom, to model the evolution of a system star+disk+planet and companion star with time. After an initial coupled evolution, the inclination of the disk and that of the planet begin to differ significantly. The period of oscillation of the disk inclination, respect to the initial plane, is shorter than that of the planet which evolves independently after about 10^4 yr following a perturbed N-body behavior. However, the planet keeps migrating towards the star b...
LES of an Inclined Jet into a Supersonic Turbulent Crossflow
Ferrante, Antonino; Dimotakis, Paul E; Stephens, Mike; Adams, Paul; Walters, Richard
2009-01-01
This short article describes flow parameters, numerical method, and animations of the fluid dynamics video "LES of an Inclined Jet into a Supersonic Turbulent Crossflow" (http://ecommons.library.cornell.edu/bitstream/1813/14073/3/GFM-2009.mpg [high-resolution] and http://ecommons.library.cornell.edu/bitstream/1813/14073/2/GFM-2009-web.m1v [low-resolution] video). We performed large-eddy simulation with the sub-grid scale (LES-SGS) stretched-vortex model of momentum and scalar transport to study the gas-dynamics interactions of a helium inclined round jet into a supersonic ($M=3.6$) turbulent (\\Reth$ =13\\times10^3$) air flow over a flat surface. The video shows the temporal development of Mach-number and magnitude of density-gradient in the mid-span plane, and isosurface of helium mass-fraction and $\\lam_2$ (vortical structures). The identified vortical structures are sheets, tilted tubes, and discontinuous rings. The vortical structures are shown to be well correlated in space and time with helium mass-fracti...
Flow visualisation in inclined louvered fins
T'Joen, C.; De Paepe, M. [Department of Flow, Heat and Combustion Mechanics, Ghent University-UGent, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, 9000 Gent (Belgium); Jacobi, A. [Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1206 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)
2009-04-15
In this study the flow within an interrupted fin design, the inclined louvered fin, is investigated experimentally through visualisation. The inclined louvered fin is a hybrid of the offset strip fin and standard louvered fin, aimed at improved performance at low Reynolds numbers for compact heat exchangers. The flow behaviour is studied in six geometrically different configurations over a range of Reynolds numbers and quantified using the concept of 'fin angle alignment factor'. The transition from steady laminar to unsteady flow was studied in detail. The fin geometry had a very large impact on the transitional flow behaviour, especially on vortex shedding. (author)
Connecting Canada: a History of the Railway through Rogers Pass from 1865
Smith, Dan
................................................................................24 #12;3 1.0 Introduction The construction of a transcontinental railway became of crucial importance
Appraisal Seattle, Renton and Southern Railway Company
Fletcher, John H.
1913-01-01
’ Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu A Civil Engineering thesis of the University of Kansas APPRAISAL BEUTLE REHTON M D SOUTHERN RAILWAY COMPANY i l O C ^ I I N D E X L e t t e r o f T r a n s m i t t a l , H i s t o r y... , Purpose and Scope o f A p p r a i s a l , Cost o f R e p r o d u c t i o n , D i s c u s s i o n o Cost o f R e p r o d u c t i o n , E s t i m a t e o f , D e p r e c i a t e d V a l u e , D i s c u s s i o n o f , D e p r e c i a t e d V a l u e...
On the Mechanical Stability of Inclined Wellbores
Sandiford, Mike
, and the higher the ratio oH/av, the closer the drilling direction should be to the azimuth of OH· A new-reach and horizontal wells can offer economic benefits through lower field development costs, faster production rates offered by current and emerging inclined well drilling technology. Much progress has recently been made
STREAMWISE AND CROSSFLOW INSTABILITIES ON INCLINED CIRCULAR CYLINDERS
STREAMWISE AND CROSSFLOW INSTABILITIES ON INCLINED CIRCULAR CYLINDERS S. J. Garrett , J. P: Turbine blades, swept cylinder, streamwise & crossflow instabilities Abstract Observations of streamwise and crossflow insta- bilities on swept circular cylinders over a range of inclinations are presented
Roughening and inclination of competition interfaces
Pablo A. Ferrari; James B. Martin; Leandro P. R. Pimentel
2006-01-10
The competition interface between two growing ``Young clusters'' (diagrams), in a two-dimensional random cone, is mapped to the path of a second-class particle in the one-dimensional totally asymmetric simple exclusion process. Using the asymptotics of the second class particle and hydrodynamic limits for the exclusion process (Burgers equation), we show that the behavior of the competition interface depends on the angle of the cone: for angles in [180^o, 270^o) the competition interface has a deterministic inclination, while for angles in [90^o,180^o) the inclination is random. We relate the competition model to a model of random directed polymers, and obtain some partial results for the fluctuations of the competition interface.
Robust Algorithms for Sorting Railway Cars Christina Busing1
Nabben, Reinhard
Robust Algorithms for Sorting Railway Cars Christina B¨using1 and Jens Maue2 1 Institut f cars and reassembled to form new outgoing trains. Trains are subject to delay, which may turn deal with this issue by completely disregarding the input order of cars, which pro- vides robustness
Risk Assessment of Railway Transportation Systems using Timed Fault Trees
Miller, Alice
by the GRAIL (GNSS Introduction in the RAIL sector) project that is under development cooperated with ERTMS difference between the GRAIL and current railway systems is that it involves unmanned operation. Trains to eliminate the fault, to prevent the accident. There are still many unsolved problems related to GRAIL
Formal Development and Verification of a Distributed Railway Control System
Peleska, Jan - Fachbereich 3
Formal Development and Verification of a Distributed Railway Control System Anne E. Haxthausen 1@informatik.uniÂbremen.de Abstract. In this article we introduce the concept for a distributed railÂ way control system and present the sysÂ tem model into a domain model describing the physical system in absence of control
Inclination Effects in Spiral Galaxy Gravitational Lensing
Ariyeh Maller; Ricardo Flores; Joel Primack
1997-05-05
Spheroidal components of spiral galaxies have been considered the only dynamically important component in gravitational lensing studies thus far. Here we point out that including the disk component can have a significant effect, depending on the disk inclination, on a variety of lensing properties that are relevant to present studies and future surveys. As an example, we look at the multiple image system B1600+434, recently identified as being lensed by a spiral galaxy. We find that including the disk component one can understand the fairly large image separation as being due to the inclination of a typical spiral, rather than the presence of a very massive halo. The fairly low magnification ratio can also be readily understood if the disk is included. We also discuss how such lensed systems might allow one to constrain parameters of spiral galaxies such as a disk-to-halo mass ratio, and disk mass scale length. Another example we consider is the quasar multiple-lensing cross section, which we find can increase many-fold at high inclination for a typical spiral. Finally, we discuss the changes in the gravitational lensing effects on damped Lyman alpha systems (DLAS) when disk lensing is included.
Time cartogram series to explore differences in the level of railway services: a case, population or travelling-time. A time cartogram is a type of cartogram in which the geographic-distance between locations is replaced by a time-related attribute (e.g., travelling-time) and the geography
Zheng, Xiaowei
2009-01-01
Three. The Project. The Chuan-Han Railway Company and theBeijing: Sanlian shudian, 1997. Chuan-Han tielu gaijinhui [Association in improving the Chuan-Han Railway], ed. Chuanlu
Kane, Julia Frances
2006-01-01
A large population of small, icy bodies orbits the sun just beyond Neptune, known as the Kuiper Belt. These objects, thought to be the progenitors of short period comets, could provide a sample of primordial material in ...
Tsunami generated by a granular collapse down a rough inclined plane
Viroulet, Sylvain; Kimmoun, Olivier
2014-01-01
In this Letter, we experimentally investigate the collapse of initially dry granular media into water and the subsequent impulse waves. We systematically characterize the influence of the slope angle and the granular material on the initial amplitude of the generated leading wave and the evolution of its amplitude during the propagation. The experiments show that whereas the evolution of the leading wave during the propagation is well predicted by a solution of the linearized Korteweg-de Vries equation, the generation of the wave is more complicated to describe. Our results suggest that the internal properties of the granular media and the interplay with the surrounding fluid are important parameters for the generation of waves at low velocity impacts. Moreover, the amplitude of the leading wave reaches a maximum value at large slope angle. The runout distance of the collapse is also shown to be smaller in the presence of water than under totally dry conditions. This study provides a first insight into tsunam...
Modeling pedestrian flows in train stations: The example of Lausanne railway station
Bierlaire, Michel
Modeling pedestrian flows in train stations: The example of Lausanne railway station Flurin S, April 15 17, 2015 #12;Modeling pedestrian flows in train stations: The example of Lausanne railway Engineering EPFL Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Modeling pedestrian flows in train stations
Defining and Model Checking Abstractions of Complex Railway Models using CSP||B
Doran, Simon J.
Defining and Model Checking Abstractions of Complex Railway Models using CSP||B Faron Moller1. In [11, 10] we propose a new modelling approach for railway interlockings. We use CSP||B [13], which involves events such as train movements and, in the interlocking, state based reasoning. In this sense, CSP
Body Force Model for the Aerodynamics of Inclined Perforated Surfaces
Liu, Feng
Body Force Model for the Aerodynamics of Inclined Perforated Surfaces Juntao Xiong, Andrew Johnson of perforated surfaces inclined to a freestream. The goal is to characterize the key parameters affecting perforations. The model simulates the effects of the perforated surfaces by locally applying a body force term
Hansen, Gordon Benedict
2009-01-01
At the turn of the twentieth century, elevated railways were built out of a practical need to literally "elevate" traffic above the street. In most cases, these lines served two distinct purposes. They served existing ...
India on the move: the palanquin, the elephant and the railway
Baker, Julian Charles Tiepolo
2015-06-30
This thesis examines how British travellers experienced the Indian climate and landscape in, from and through three vehicles: the palanquin, the elephant and the railway. Much historical study has approached Western ...
Fourier plane imaging microscopy
Dominguez, Daniel, E-mail: daniel.dominguez@ttu.edu; Peralta, Luis Grave de [Department of Physics, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409 (United States); Nano Tech Center, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409 (United States); Alharbi, Nouf; Alhusain, Mdhaoui [Department of Physics, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409 (United States); Bernussi, Ayrton A. [Nano Tech Center, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409 (United States)
2014-09-14
We show how the image of an unresolved photonic crystal can be reconstructed using a single Fourier plane (FP) image obtained with a second camera that was added to a traditional compound microscope. We discuss how Fourier plane imaging microscopy is an application of a remarkable property of the obtained FP images: they contain more information about the photonic crystals than the images recorded by the camera commonly placed at the real plane of the microscope. We argue that the experimental results support the hypothesis that surface waves, contributing to enhanced resolution abilities, were optically excited in the studied photonic crystals.
Design criteria for multi-layered scintillating fibre arrays with inclined columns
P. Achenbach; L. Nungesser; J. Pochodzalla
2008-02-29
Multi-layered scintillating fibre arrays read-out are commonly used as high resolution charged particle hodoscopes. Fibres of a column along the geometrical trajectory of incident particles are typically grouped to one pixel of a multi-channel read-out device. In some applications the incident particles will cross the detection plane with large angles w.r.t. the normal to the layers. Then, the packing of the fibres needs to be adapted to the incident particles and the columns need to be inclined. In this paper possible fibre array geometries are shown, relevant design criteria for detectors are discussed, and the effect of diverging particles incident on fibre arrays was studied using a Monte Carlo simulation.
Low velocity impact of inclined CSM composite laminates
Arnold, W.S.; Madjidi, S.; Marshall, I.H.; Robb, M.D.
1993-12-31
The damage tolerance of composite laminates subject to low velocity impact is an important aspect of current design philosophies required to ensure the integrity of primary load bearing structures. To the authors knowledge, no work published in the open literature has addressed the damage tolerance of composites subject to impacts at non-perpendicular inclinations, which in practical situations is the most common form of impact. This paper describes an experimental study, devised to assess the influence of inclined impact on the residual strength characteristics of CSM laminates. Preliminary experimental results and comparisons with previous work on flat plate impact tests are presented. The influence of the degree of inclination and impact energy are correlated with the laminates damage area and residual tensile properties.
An experimental investigation of sand transport in inclined eccentric annuli
McClellan, John Christopher
1991-01-01
-liquid flow and gas-solid flow are so great that such literature is of little insight. It should be noted that horizontal drilling has been done with air/mist, as described by Yost40 in one of the first examples. Other inclined two-phase flow papers were... annulus. An annular flow model was designed, fabricated, and installed in the Drilling Fluids Research Laboratory, Petroleum Engineering, Texas ASM University, by the author. The model is capable of inclinations of 30 to 90 degrees (from the vertical...
Oil spill fluorosensing lidar for inclined onshore or shipboard operation
Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität
Oil spill fluorosensing lidar for inclined onshore or shipboard operation Renata Karpicz, Andrej An oil spill detection fluorosensing lidar for onshore or shipboard operation is described. Some the back- ground water column fluorescence from signals such as yellow substance. This enables oil
Barkan, Christopher P.L.
Page 1 Design of Bulk Railway Terminals for the Shale Oil and Gas Industry C. Tyler Dick, P.E., M: Railway transportation is playing a key role in the development of many new shale oil and gas reserves in North America. In the rush to develop new shale oil and gas plays, sites for railway transload terminals
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Costs and benefits of railway urban logistics: a prospective social cost benefit analysis Jesus Abstract This paper presents a general framework to assess urban rail logistics suitability via a socio. Secondly, we identify and present the main types of costs and benefits or railway urban logistics services
LES of an inclined jet into a supersonic cross-flow Antonino Ferrante1
is 3.6, the jet Mach number is 1.0, and the jet to free-stream momen- tum ratio, q, is 1LES of an inclined jet into a supersonic cross-flow Antonino Ferrante1 , Carlos Pantano-Rubino2 LES of an Inclined Jet into a Supersonic Cross-Flow. Helium is injected through an inclined round jet
Inclined fluidized bed system for drying fine coal
Cha, Chang Y. (Golden, CO); Merriam, Norman W. (Laramie, WY); Boysen, John E. (Laramie, WY)
1992-02-11
Coal is processed in an inclined fluidized bed dryer operated in a plug-flow manner with zonal temperature and composition control, and an inert fluidizing gas, such as carbon dioxide or combustion gas. Recycled carbon dioxide, which is used for drying, pyrolysis, quenching, and cooling, is produced by partial decarboxylation of the coal. The coal is heated sufficiently to mobilize coal tar by further pyrolysis, which seals micropores upon quenching. Further cooling with carbon dioxide enhances stabilization.
Addendum to Fake Projective Planes
Yeung, Sai-Kee
ingenious group theoretic computations that the twenty eight classes of fake projective planes altogether- damental group of eight of the one hundred fake projective planes do not admit an embedding into SU(2, 1. In [1] we proved that if the fundamental group of a fake projective plane is an arithmetic subgroup
Dependability evaluation of a GNSS and ECS based localisation unit for railway vehicles
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Dependability evaluation of a GNSS and ECS based localisation unit for railway vehicles T on the combination of sensors such as a GNSS receiver and an Eddy Current Sensor, is studied. In this paper, we present a procedure and a model, which aims at evaluating the dependability of this system under local
Railway Subsidence Monitoring by High Resolution INSAR Time Series Analysis in Tianjin
Perissin, Daniele
Railway Subsidence Monitoring by High Resolution INSAR Time Series Analysis in Tianjin Qingli Luo1 and the development of urban are seriously affected by the subsidence of them. Permanent Scatterers (PS) technology was developed as a powerful tool for subsidence monitoring. High resolution of 1m data can be provided by Terra
Hackel, L.A.; Hermann, M.R.; Dane, C.B.; Tiszauer, D.H.
1995-12-12
A solid state laser is frequency tripled to 0.3 {micro}m. A small portion of the laser is split off and generates a Stokes seed in a low power oscillator. The low power output passes through a mask with the appropriate hole pattern. Meanwhile, the bulk of the laser output is focused into a larger stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) amplifier. The low power beam is directed through the same cell in the opposite direction. The majority of the amplification takes place at the focus which is the fourier transform plane of the mask image. The small holes occupy large area at the focus and thus are preferentially amplified. The amplified output is now imaged onto the multichip module where the holes are drilled. Because of the fourier plane amplifier, only about 1/10th the power of a competitive system is needed. This concept allows less expensive masks to be used in the process and requires much less laser power. 1 fig.
Hackel, Lloyd A. (Livermore, CA); Hermann, Mark R. (San Ramon, CA); Dane, C. Brent (Livermore, CA); Tiszauer, Detlev H. (Tracy, CA)
1995-01-01
A solid state laser is frequency tripled to 0.3 .mu.m. A small portion of the laser is split off and generates a Stokes seed in a low power oscillator. The low power output passes through a mask with the appropriate hole pattern. Meanwhile, the bulk of the laser output is focused into a larger stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) amplifier. The low power beam is directed through the same cell in the opposite direction. The majority of the amplification takes place at the focus which is the fourier transform plane of the mask image. The small holes occupy large area at the focus and thus are preferentially amplified. The amplified output is now imaged onto the multichip module where the holes are drilled. Because of the fourier plane amplifier, only .about.1/10th the power of a competitive system is needed. This concept allows less expensive masks to be used in the process and requires much less laser power.
Critical Heat Flux in Inclined Rectangular Narrow Gaps
Jeong J. Kim; Yong H. Kim; Seong J. Kim; Sang W. Noh; Kune Y. Suh; Joy L. Rempe; Fan-Bill Cheung; Sang B. Kim
2004-06-01
In light of the TMI-2 accident, in which the reactor vessel lower head survived the attack by molten core material, the in-vessel retention strategy was suggested to benefit from cooling the debris through a gap between the lower head and the core material. The GAMMA 1D (Gap Apparatus Mitigating Melt Attack One Dimensional) tests were conducted to investigate the critical heat flux (CHF) in narrow gaps with varying surface orientations. The CHF in an inclined gap, especially in case of the downward-facing narrow gap, is dictated by bubble behavior because the departing bubbles are squeezed. The orientation angle affects the bubble layer and escape of the bubbles from the narrow gap. The test parameters include gap sizes of 1, 2, 5 and 10 mm and the open periphery, and the orientation angles range from the fully downward-facing (180o) to the vertical (90o) position. The 15 ×35 mm copper test section was electrically heated by the thin film resistor on the back. The heater assembly was installed to the tip of the rotating arm in the heated water pool at the atmospheric pressure. The bubble behavior was photographed utilizing a high-speed camera through the Pyrex glass spacer. It was observed that the CHF decreased as the surface inclination angle increased and as the gap size decreased in most of the cases. However, the opposing results were obtained at certain surface orientations and gap sizes. Transition angles, at which the CHF changed in a rapid slope, were also detected, which is consistent with the existing literature. A semi-empirical CHF correlation was developed for the inclined narrow rectangular channels through dimensional analysis. The correlation provides with best-estimate CHF values for realistically assessing the thermal margin to failure of the lower head during a severe accident involving relocation of the core material.
Frumin, Michael S
2010-01-01
The broad goal of this thesis is to demonstrate the potential positive impacts of applying automatic data to the management and tactical planning of a modern urban railway. Tactical planning is taken here to mean the set ...
Farritor, Shane
www.rtands.com Railway Track & Structures March 2009 37 A s rail transport continues to grow is protected from debris, rain and freezing temperatures, the more smoothly it flows." Barr cites the findings
Elyutin, N. O.; Lvov, D. V.; Tyulyusov, A. N., E-mail: tyulyusov@itep.ru [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)
2011-12-15
The possibility of placing a universal neutron diffractometer, which is designed for working with perfect crystals, in one of the inclined channels of the PIK reactor is discussed. It is proposed to use a double monochromator block (DMB) in the vertical plane and mounting crystals in the antiparallel position with reflection at a Bragg angle of 15 Degree-Sign . In this configuration, a set of well-known monochromator crystals (pyrolytic graphite, SiO{sub 2}, Si, Ge, Cu, and Pb) provides transmission bands of quasi-monochromatic neutrons in the range of 1-1.8 Angstrom-Sign . The angular and energy distributions of neutrons transmitted through the DMB are calculated. A scheme of the block for filtering radiations is proposed, and its parameters are calculated. The principles of instrument operation in a physical room (beyond the DMB) are determined.
Minimizing Wheel Slip in Railway Locomotives with Coupled Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors
Shayak Bhattacharjee
2015-01-17
In this work I consider control strategies of permanent magnet synchronous motors in which the back-emf signal from the motor is used to achieve commutation of the six step driving circuit. I show that if the strategy is modified to connect multiple motors in a cyclic chain, then a collective synchronized state is favoured. The stability of this state can be exploited in the bogies of a railway locomotive to automatically terminate wheel slipping episodes.
Measurement of the flux of ultra high energy cosmic rays using data from very inclined air
Hebbeker, Thomas
Measurement of the flux of ultra high energy cosmic rays using data from very inclined air showers.1.2 Cosmic rays above 100 TeV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3.2 Extensive air-model of the hadronic cascade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 3.3 Very inclined air showers
Abdou, Mohamed
Characterization of the effect of Froude number on surface waves and heat transfer in inclined describes wave/heat transfer phenomena in inclined turbulent open surface water flows. The experiments were. These changes lead to a heat transfer improvement, enough to double the heat transfer coefficient
Submitted to ApJ; preprint: Jan 11, 2011. Inclination Mixing in the Classical Kuiper Belt
Malhotra, Renu
Submitted to ApJ; preprint: Jan 11, 2011. Inclination Mixing in the Classical Kuiper Belt Kathryn clas- sical and resonant Kuiper belt objects. This is partially motivated by the ob- served bimodal Kuiper belt undergo large changes in inclination (i > 5 ) over gigayear timescales, which means
LONG-TERM DYNAMICS AND THE ORBITAL INCLINATIONS OF THE CLASSICAL KUIPER BELT OBJECTS
Brown, Michael E.
LONG-TERM DYNAMICS AND THE ORBITAL INCLINATIONS OF THE CLASSICAL KUIPER BELT OBJECTS Marc J in the region of the classical Kuiper belt (41 AU a 47 AU) to explore the role of dynamical instabilities in sculpting the inclination distribution of the classical Kuiper belt objects (KBOs). We find
A Study of Heat Transfer for Two Layered Composite Inclined Plate Crotch Absorbers
Kemner, Ken
1S-143 M. Choi Nov., 1989 A Study of Heat Transfer for Two Layered Composite Inclined Plate Crotch used in CESR. They analyzed the heat transfer problem numerically for the case of a vertically located to the inclined photon beam penetration heating. An analytical solution for heat transfer is obtained for a full
Marsh, S.P.
1988-03-08
An explosive plane-wave air lens which enables a spherical wave form to be converted to a planar wave without the need to specially machine or shape explosive materials is described. A disc-shaped impactor having a greater thickness at its center than around its periphery is used to convert the spherical wave into a plane wave. When the wave reaches the impactor, the center of the impactor moves first because the spherical wave reaches the center of the impactor first. The wave strikes the impactor later in time as one moves radially along the impactor. Because the impactor is thinner as one moves radially outward, the velocity of the impactor is greater at the periphery than at the center. An acceptor explosive is positioned so that the impactor strikes the acceptor simultaneously. Consequently, a plane detonation wave is propagated through the acceptor explosive. 4 figs.
Marsh, S.P.
1987-03-12
An explosive plane-wave air lens which enables a spherical wave form to be converted to a planar wave without the need to specially machine or shape explosive materials is described. A disc-shaped impactor having a greater thickness at its center than around its periphery is used to convert the spherical wave into a plane wave. When the wave reaches the impactor, the center of the impactor moves first because the spherical wave reaches the center of the impactor first. The wave strikes the impactor later in time as one moves radially along the impactor. Because the impactor is thinner as one moves radially outward, the velocity of the impactor is greater at the periphery than at the center. An acceptor explosive is positioned so that the impactor strikes the acceptor simultaneously. Consequently, a plane detonation wave is propagated through the acceptor explosive. 3 figs., 3 tabs.
Creel, Skylar
2014-04-29
An experimental study of the Richtmyer-Meshkov instability (RMI) is presented here for the twice-shocked, or reshocked, inclined interface perturbation. Experiment work was conducted in the shock tube facility in the Advanced Fluid Mixing Lab...
Experimental and Computational Study of the Inclined Interface Richtmyer-Meshkov Instability
Mcfarland, Jacob Andrew
2013-08-12
linearity and identified that a sharp transition in growth regimes occurs for an initial perturbation inclination angle of 75° with angles below (above) this growing faster (slower). Finally a study of the effects of incident shock strength...
Plane and parabolic solar panels
Sales, J H O
2009-01-01
We present a plane and parabolic collector that absorbs radiant energy and transforms it in heat. Therefore we have a panel to heat water. We study how to increment this capture of solar beams onto the panel in order to increase its efficiency in heating water.
Plane and parabolic solar panels
J. H. O. Sales; A. T. Suzuki
2009-05-14
We present a plane and parabolic collector that absorbs radiant energy and transforms it in heat. Therefore we have a panel to heat water. We study how to increment this capture of solar beams onto the panel in order to increase its efficiency in heating water.
Colbert, John Wesley
1993-01-01
GEOMETRY Inclination (angle from vertical) Annular Dimensions Rotary Speed Drill Pipe Eccentricity t Variable Drillpipe O. D, - 1. 13 inches Hole I. D ? 2. 0 inches Ok 50rpm 75 % DRILLING FLUID Fluid Annular Velocity Flow Regime Density Water... then there will be adequate cuttings removal. However, for deviated wellbores the cuttings slip velocity is no longer parallel to the direction of flow, but as the angle of inclination (from the vertical) increases, the component of the gravitational force normal...
CLEANING OF VISCOUS DROPS ON A FLAT INCLINED SURFACE USING GRAVITY-DRIVEN FILM FLOWS
Landel, Julien R.; McEvoy, Harry; Dalziel, Stuart B.
2014-10-07
repeated measurements with an accuracy of approximately 1%. The fluid could recirculate in the experimental apparatus using a submersible pump located in the collecting tank. The fluid was pumped into a primary reservoir located upstream. The fluid... (thickness ?? = 0.4 mm, width ?? = 200 mm, length ?? = 15 mm) on a flat solid substrate inclined at an angle ? to the horizontal. We measured the angle of inclination ? using an electronic inclinometer. At the gap outlet (? = 0), the flow could be well 1...
A Spectrophotometric Method to Determine the Inclination of Class I Objects
T. Nakazato; T. Nakamoto; M. Umemura
2002-10-11
A new method which enables us to estimate the inclination of Class I young stellar objects is proposed. Since Class I objects are not spherically symmetric, it is likely that the observed feature is sensitive to the inclination of the system. Thus, we construct a protostar model by carefully treating two-dimensional (2D) radiative transfer and radiative equilibrium. We show from the present 2D numerical simulations that the emergent luminosity L_SED,which is the frequency integration of spectral energy distribution (SED), depends strongly on the inclination of the system i, whereas the peak flux is insensitive to i. Based on this result, we introduce a novel indicator f_L, which is the ratio of L_SED to the peak flux, as a good measure for the inclination. By using f_L, we can determine the inclination regardless of the other physical parameters. The inclination would be determined by f_L within the accuracy of +- 5 degree, if the opening angle of bipolar outflows is specified by any other procedure. Since this spectrophotometric method is easier than a geometrical method or a full SED fitting method, this method could be a powerful tool to investigate the feature of protostars statistically with observational data which will be provided by future missions, such as SIRTF, ASTRO-F, and ALMA.
Linear Instability of the Plane Couette and Plane Poiseuille Flows
Chefranov, Sergey G
2015-01-01
We show possibility of the Plane Couette (PC) flow instability for Reynolds number Re>Reth=140. This new result of the linear hydrodynamic stability theory is obtained on the base of refusal from the traditionally used assumption on longitudinal periodicity of the disturbances along the direction of the fluid flow. We found that earlier existing understanding on the linear stability of this flow for any arbitrary large Reynolds number is directly related with an assumption on the separation of the variables of the spatial variability for the disturbance field and their periodicity in linear theory of stability. By the refusal from the pointed assumptions also for the Plane Poiseuille (PP) flow, we get a new threshold Reynolds value Reth=1040 that with 4% accuracy agrees with the experiment contrary to more than 500% discrepancy for the earlier known estimate Reth=5772 obtained in the frame of the linear theory but when using the "normal" disturbance form (S. A. Orszag, 1971).
Eight plane IPND mechanical testing.
Zhao, A.; Guarino, V.; Wood, K.; Nephew, T.; Ayres, D.; Lee, A.; High Energy Physics; FNAL
2008-03-18
A mechanical test of an 8 plane IPND mechanical prototype, which was constructed using extrusions from the testing/tryout of the 16 cell prototype extrusion die in Argonne National Laboratory, was conducted. There were 4 vertical and 4 horizontal planes in this 8 plane IPND prototype. Each vertical plane had four 16 cell extrusions, while each horizontal plane had six 16 cell extrusions. Each plane was glued together using the formulation of Devcon adhesive, Devcon 60. The vertical extrusions used in the vertical planes shares the same dimensions as the horizontal extrusions in the horizontal planes with the average web thickness of 2.1 mm and the average wall thickness of 3.1 mm. This mechanical prototype was constructed with end-seals on the both ends of the vertical extrusions. The gaps were filled with epoxy between extrusions and end-seals. The overall dimension of IPND is 154.8 by 103.1 by 21.7 inches with the weight of approximately 1200 kg, as shown in a figure. Two similar mechanical tests of 3 layer and 11 layer prototypes have been done in order to evaluate the strength of the adhesive joint between extrusions in the NOvA detector. The test showed that the IPND prototype was able to sustain under the loading of weight of itself and scintillator. Two FEA models were built to verify the measurement data from the test. The prediction from FEA slice model seems correlated reasonably well to the test result, even under a 'rough' estimated condition for the wall thickness (from an untuned die) and an unknown property of 'garage type' extrusion. A full size of FEA 3-D model also agrees very well with the test data from strain gage readings. It is worthy to point out that the stress distribution of the structure is predominantly determined by the internal pressure, while the buckling stability relies more on the loading weight from the extrusions themselves and scintillate. Results of conducted internal pressure tests, including 3- cell, 11-cell and the IPND prototypes, have been correlated to the FEA analysis very well. The authors believe they have quite good understanding of response of the NOvA structures subjected to the internal pressure, while the understanding of buckling stability is far behind. Therefore, more effect should be laid to improve the buckling considering that the FEA analysis usually is not able accurately modeling the stability as good as the stress analysis. The IPND structure was mostly built using 'scrape' piece extrusions (whatever available in shop). Therefore, a future test should be more focus on by using a actual real extrusions, for example like Nova -27 (if a final choice is made) and extrusion from a tuned die (very important). The authors should/will repeat 11 layers test with an actual thicker piece for the vertical to verify the adhesive joint and similar large scale prototype with a symmetry case, either 9 or 11 layers with the dial indicator on the both side.
Network science quantification of resilience demonstrated on the Indian Railways Network
Bhatia, Udit; Kodra, Evan; Ganguly, Auroop R
2015-01-01
The structure, interdependence, and fragility of systems ranging from power grids and transportation to ecology, climate, biology and even human communities and the Internet, have been examined through network science. While the response to perturbations has been quantified, recovery strategies for perturbed networks have usually been either discussed conceptually or through anecdotal case studies. Here we develop a network science-based quantitative methods framework for measuring, comparing and interpreting hazard responses and as well as recovery strategies. The framework, motivated by the recently proposed temporal resilience paradigm, is demonstrated with the Indian Railways Network. The methods are demonstrated through the resilience of the network to natural or human-induced hazards and electric grid failure. Simulations inspired by the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami and the 2012 North Indian blackout as well as a cyber-physical attack scenario. Multiple metrics are used to generate various recovery strateg...
On the Size-Dependence of the Inclination Distribution of the Main Kuiper Belt
Levison, Harold F.
On the Size-Dependence of the Inclination Distribution of the Main Kuiper Belt Harold F. Levison We present a new analysis of the currently available orbital elements for the known Kuiper belt objects. In the non-resonant, main Kuiper belt we #12;nd a statistically signi#12;cant relationship
Pressure drop and void fraction in intermittent inclined gas-liquid pipe flow
Aboba, B.D.
1990-01-01
The mechanistic approach to gas-liquid flow has been gaining in popularity over the last decade. However currently no models exist to predict pressure drop and void fraction in steeply inclined intermittent Flow. In this work, a model has been developed for prediction of pressure drop and void fraction in intermittent flow at all inclination angles, and verified for angles between {minus}9{degree} and +90{degree}. This model is also suitable for predicting pressure drop and void fraction within the bubble and churn flow regimes. Pressure drop and void fraction predictions are compared with published experimental data on inclined intermittent gas-liquid flow, and agreement is found to be very good. While accurate estimeates of pressure drop and void fraction require accurate flow regime predictions, no comprehensive evaluation of inclined flow pattern prediction methods is currently available. This work compares the theories advanced by workers at the University of Houston and Tel-Aviv University, the University of Cincinnati and Drexel University, and the University of Tulsa against a wide range of experimental data. Alternative schemes are proposed for the dispersed bubble. distorted bubble, elongated bubble-slug, churn, and annular transitions.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
569 Determination of the optimum inclination of a flat solar collector in function of latitude of a solar collector, it is necessary to reduce its size to a minimum for a given collected energy of equations described in this work were developed to determine the inclination angle of a . flat solar
Solar Impulse's Solar-Powered Plane
Moniz, Ernest; Piccard, Bertrand; Reicher, Dan
2014-01-07
Solar Impulse lands in Washington, DC at Washington Dulles International Airport as part of its journey across the United States. Secretary Ernest Moniz speaks about how advancements like those at the Department of Energy are leading the way for innovations like the solar-powered plane. Footage of the solar-powered plane courtesy of Solar Impulse.
Solar Impulse's Solar-Powered Plane
Moniz, Ernest; Piccard, Bertrand; Reicher, Dan
2013-07-08
Solar Impulse lands in Washington, DC at Washington Dulles International Airport as part of its journey across the United States. Secretary Ernest Moniz speaks about how advancements like those at the Department of Energy are leading the way for innovations like the solar-powered plane. Footage of the solar-powered plane courtesy of Solar Impulse.
Ryuichi Fujita; Wataru Hikida; Hideyuki Tagoshi
2009-05-20
We develop a numerical code to compute gravitational waves induced by a particle moving on eccentric inclined orbits around a Kerr black hole. For such systems, the black hole perturbation method is applicable. The gravitational waves can be evaluated by solving the Teukolsky equation with a point like source term, which is computed from the stress-energy tensor of a test particle moving on generic bound geodesic orbits. In our previous papers, we computed the homogeneous solutions of the Teukolsky equation using a formalism developed by Mano, Suzuki and Takasugi and showed that we could compute gravitational waves efficiently and very accurately in the case of circular orbits on the equatorial plane. Here, we apply this method to eccentric inclined orbits. The geodesics around a Kerr black hole have three constants of motion: energy, angular momentum and the Carter constant. We compute the rates of change of the Carter constant as well as those of energy and angular momentum. This is the first time that the rate of change of the Carter constant has been evaluated accurately. We also treat the case of highly eccentric orbits with $e=0.9$. To confirm the accuracy of our codes, several tests are performed. We find that the accuracy is only limited by the truncation of $\\ell$-, $k$- and $n$-modes, where $\\ell$ is the index of the spin-weighted spheroidal harmonics, and $n$ and $k$ are the harmonics of the radial and polar motion, respectively. When we set the maximum of $\\ell$ to 20, we obtain a relative accuracy of $10^{-5}$ even in the highly eccentric case of $e=0.9$. The accuracy is better for lower eccentricity. Our numerical code is expected to be useful for computing templates of the extreme mass ratio inspirals, which is one of the main targets of the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA).
Merrell, P Jay
2015-05-11
. An anatomical face-bow (SAM Präzisionstechnik , Munchen) was used to locate arbitrary transverse mandibular axis on fifteen males and fifteen females. Photos of cast models were taken in the sagittal view of each subject mounted in the SAM III articulator...
Reconstruction of inclined air showers detected with the Pierre Auger Observatory
The Pierre Auger Collaboration; A. Aab; P. Abreu; M. Aglietta; M. Ahlers; E. J. Ahn; I. Al Samarai; I. F. M. Albuquerque; I. Allekotte; J. Allen; P. Allison; A. Almela; J. Alvarez Castillo; J. Alvarez-Muñiz; R. Alves Batista; M. Ambrosio; A. Aminaei; L. Anchordoqui; S. Andringa; C. Aramo; F. Arqueros; H. Asorey; P. Assis; J. Aublin; M. Ave; M. Avenier; G. Avila; A. M. Badescu; K. B. Barber; J. Bäuml; C. Baus; J. J. Beatty; K. H. Becker; J. A. Bellido; C. Berat; X. Bertou; P. L. Biermann; P. Billoir; F. Blanco; M. Blanco; C. Bleve; H. Blümer; M. Bohá?ová; D. Boncioli; C. Bonifazi; R. Bonino; N. Borodai; J. Brack; I. Brancus; P. Brogueira; W. C. Brown; P. Buchholz; A. Bueno; M. Buscemi; K. S. Caballero-Mora; B. Caccianiga; L. Caccianiga; M. Candusso; L. Caramete; R. Caruso; A. Castellina; G. Cataldi; L. Cazon; R. Cester; A. G. Chavez; S. H. Cheng; A. Chiavassa; J. A. Chinellato; J. Chudoba; M. Cilmo; R. W. Clay; G. Cocciolo; R. Colalillo; L. Collica; M. R. Coluccia; R. Conceição; F. Contreras; M. J. Cooper; S. Coutu; C. E. Covault; A. Criss; J. Cronin; A. Curutiu; R. Dallier; B. Daniel; S. Dasso; K. Daumiller; B. R. Dawson; R. M. de Almeida; M. De Domenico; S. J. de Jong; J. R. T. de Mello Neto; I. De Mitri; J. de Oliveira; V. de Souza; L. del Peral; O. Deligny; H. Dembinski; N. Dhital; C. Di Giulio; A. Di Matteo; J. C. Diaz; M. L. D\\'\\iaz Castro; P. N. Diep; F. Diogo; C. Dobrigkeit; W. Docters; J. C. D'Olivo; P. N. Dong; A. Dorofeev; Q. Dorosti Hasankiadeh; M. T. Dova; J. Ebr; R. Engel; M. Erdmann; M. Erfani; C. O. Escobar; J. Espadanal; A. Etchegoyen; P. Facal San Luis; H. Falcke; K. Fang; G. Farrar; A. C. Fauth; N. Fazzini; A. P. Ferguson; M. Fernandes; B. Fick; J. M. Figueira; A. Filevich; A. Filip?i?; B. D. Fox; O. Fratu; U. Fröhlich; B. Fuchs; T. Fuji; R. Gaior; B. Garc\\'\\ia; S. T. Garcia Roca; D. Garcia-Gamez; D. Garcia-Pinto; G. Garilli; A. Gascon Bravo; F. Gate; H. Gemmeke; P. L. Ghia; U. Giaccari; M. Giammarchi; M. Giller; C. Glaser; H. Glass; F. Gomez Albarracin; M. Gómez Berisso; P. F. Gómez Vitale; P. Gonçalves; J. G. Gonzalez; B. Gookin; A. Gorgi; P. Gorham; P. Gouffon; S. Grebe; N. Griffith; A. F. Grillo; T. D. Grubb; Y. Guardincerri; F. Guarino; G. P. Guedes; P. Hansen; D. Harari; T. A. Harrison; J. L. Harton; A. Haungs; T. Hebbeker; D. Heck; P. Heimann; A. E. Herve; G. C. Hill; C. Hojvat; N. Hollon; E. Holt; P. Homola; J. R. Hörandel; P. Horvath; M. Hrabovský; D. Huber; T. Huege; A. Insolia; P. G. Isar; K. Islo; I. Jandt; S. Jansen; C. Jarne; M. Josebachuili; A. Kääpä; O. Kambeitz; K. H. Kampert; P. Kasper; I. Katkov; B. Kégl; B. Keilhauer; A. Keivani; E. Kemp; R. M. Kieckhafer; H. O. Klages; M. Kleifges; J. Kleinfeller; R. Krause; N. Krohm; O. Krömer; D. Kruppke-Hansen; D. Kuempel; N. Kunka; G. La Rosa; D. LaHurd; L. Latronico; R. Lauer; M. Lauscher; P. Lautridou; S. Le Coz; M. S. A. B. Leão; D. Lebrun; P. Lebrun; M. A. Leigui de Oliveira; A. Letessier-Selvon; I. Lhenry-Yvon; K. Link; R. López; A. Lopez Agëra; K. Louedec; J. Lozano Bahilo; L. Lu; A. Lucero; M. Ludwig; H. Lyberis; M. C. Maccarone; M. Malacari; S. Maldera; J. Maller; D. Mandat; P. Mantsch; A. G. Mariazzi; V. Marin; I. C. Mari?; G. Marsella; D. Martello; L. Martin; H. Martinez; O. Mart\\'\\inez Bravo; D. Martraire; J. J. Mas\\'\\ias Meza; H. J. Mathes; S. Mathys; A. J. Matthews; J. Matthews; G. Matthiae; D. Maurel; D. Maurizio; E. Mayotte; P. O. Mazur; C. Medina; G. Medina-Tanco; M. Melissas; D. Melo; E. Menichetti; A. Menshikov; S. Messina; R. Meyhandan; S. Mi?anovi?; M. I. Micheletti; L. Middendorf; I. A. Minaya; L. Miramonti; B. Mitrica; L. Molina-Bueno; S. Mollerach; M. Monasor; D. Monnier Ragaigne; F. Montanet; C. Morello; J. C. Moreno; M. Mostafá; C. A. Moura; M. A. Muller; G. Müller; M. Münchmeyer; R. Mussa; G. Navarra; S. Navas; P. Necesal; L. Nellen; A. Nelles; J. Neuser; D. Newton; M. Niechciol; L. Niemietz; T. Niggemann; D. Nitz; D. Nosek; V. Novotny; L. Nožka; L. Ochilo; A. Olinto; M. Oliveira; V. M. Olmos-Gilbaja; M. Ortiz; N. Pacheco; D. Pakk Selmi-Dei; M. Palatka; J. Pallotta; N. Palmieri; P. Papenbreer; G. Parente; A. Parra; S. Pastor; T. Paul; M. Pech; J. P?kala; R. Pelayo; I. M. Pepe; L. Perrone; R. Pesce; E. Petermann; C. Peters; S. Petrera; A. Petrolini; Y. Petrov; R. Piegaia; T. Pierog; P. Pieroni; M. Pimenta; V. Pirronello; M. Platino; M. Plum; A. Porcelli; C. Porowski; P. Privitera; M. Prouza; V. Purrello; E. J. Quel; S. Querchfeld; S. Quinn; J. Rautenberg; O. Ravel; D. Ravignani; B. Revenu; J. Ridky; S. Riggi; M. Risse; P. Ristori; V. Rizi; J. Roberts; W. Rodrigues de Carvalho; I. Rodriguez Cabo; G. Rodriguez Fernandez; J. Rodriguez Rojo; M. D. Rodr\\'\\iguez-Fr\\'\\ias; G. Ros; J. Rosado; T. Rossler; M. Roth; E. Roulet; A. C. Rovero; C. Rühle; S. J. Saffi; A. Saftoiu; F. Salamida; H. Salazar; F. Salesa Greus
2014-07-11
We describe the method devised to reconstruct inclined cosmic-ray air showers with zenith angles greater than $60^\\circ$ detected with the surface array of the Pierre Auger Observatory. The measured signals at the ground level are fitted to muon density distributions predicted with atmospheric cascade models to obtain the relative shower size as an overall normalization parameter. The method is evaluated using simulated showers to test its performance. The energy of the cosmic rays is calibrated using a sub-sample of events reconstructed with both the fluorescence and surface array techniques. The reconstruction method described here provides the basis of complementary analyses including an independent measurement of the energy spectrum of ultra-high energy cosmic rays using very inclined events collected by the Pierre Auger Observatory.
Fuse, H.; Suzuki, K.; Shida, K.; Takahashi, H.; Kobayashi, D.; Seki, M.; Mori, Y.; Sakae, T.; Isobe, T.; Okumura, T.; Sakurai, H.
2014-06-15
Total skin electron beam is a specialized technique that involves irradiating the entire skin from the skin surface to only a few millimetres in depth. In the Stanford technique, the patient is in a standing position and six different directional positions are used during treatment. Our technique uses large electron beams in six directions with an inclinable couch on motorized table and a compensating filter was also used to spread the electron beam and move its intensity peak. Dose uniformity measurements were performed using Gafchromic films which indicated that the surface dose was 2.04 ± 0.05 Gy. This technique can ensure the dose reproducibility because the patient is fixed in place using an inclinable couch on a motorized table.
A new method of determining the inclination angle in interacting binaries
Tariq Shahbaz
1998-03-25
We describe a method of determining the system parameters in non-eclipsing interacting binaries. We find that the extent to which an observer sees the shape of the Roche-lobe of the secondary star governs the amount of distortion of the absorption line profiles. The width and degree of asymmetry of the phase-resolved absorption line profiles show a characteristic shape, which depends primarily on the binary inclination and gravity darkening exponent. We show that, in principle, by obtaining high spectral and time resolution spectra of quiescent cataclysmic variables or low mass X-ray binaries in which the mass-losing star is visible, fitting the shape of absorption line profiles will allow one to determine not only the mass function of the binary, but also the binary inclination and hence the mass of the binary components.
Development of an advanced process for drying fine coal in an inclined fluidized bed
Boysen, J.E.; Cha, C.Y.; Barbour, F.A.; Turner, T.F.; Kang, T.W.; Berggren, M.H.; Hogsett, R.F.; Jha, M.C.
1990-02-01
The objective of this research project was to demonstrate a technically feasible and economically viable process for drying and stabilizing high-moisture subbituminous coal. Controlled thermal drying of coal fines was achieved using the inclined fluidized-bed drying and stabilization process developed by the Western Research Institute. The project scope of work required completion of five tasks: (1) project planning, (2) characterization of two feed coals, (3) bench-scale inclined fluidized-bed drying studies, (4) product characterization and testing, and (5) technical and economic evaluation of the process. High moisture subbituminous coals from AMAX Eagle Butte mine located in the Powder River Basin of Wyoming and from Usibelli Coal Mine, Inc. in Healy, Alaska were tested in a 10-lb/hr bench-scale inclined fluidized-bed. Experimental results show that the dried coal contains less than 1.5% moisture and has a heating value over 11,500 Btu/lb. The coal fines entrainment can be kept below 15 wt % of the feed. The equilibrium moisture of dried coal was less than 50% of feed coal equilibrium moisture. 7 refs., 60 figs., 47 tabs.
Rodriguez, Jose Ramon
2001-01-01
This experimental study investigates the effects of inclination angle and fluid viscosity on zero net liquid flow (ZNLF). Predicting liquid holdup under ZNLF conditions is necessary in several types of petroleum industry operations. These include...
The Gravitational Field of a Plane Slab
Ricardo E. Gamboa Saravi
2009-05-07
We discuss the exact solution of Einstein's equation corresponding to a static and plane symmetric distribution of matter with constant positive density located below $z=0$ matched to vacuum solutions.
Computer network control plane tampering monitor
Michalski, John T.; Tarman, Thomas D.; Black, Stephen P.; Torgerson, Mark D.
2010-06-08
A computer network control plane tampering monitor that detects unauthorized alteration of a label-switched path setup for an information packet intended for transmission through a computer network.
Particle Impact Damping in the Horizontal Plane
Witt, Bryan
2012-07-16
Particle impact damping is measured for a cantilevered beam vibrating freely in the horizontal plane. Several particle configurations are investigated beginning with a single particle and progressing to multiple layers of particles. The effects...
The Evidence for Slow Migration of Neptune from the Inclination Distribution of Kuiper Belt Objects
Nesvorny, David
2015-01-01
Much of the dynamical structure of the Kuiper belt can be explained if Neptune migrated over several AU, and/or if Neptune was scattered to an eccentric orbit during planetary instability. An outstanding problem with the existing formation models is that the distribution of orbital inclinations they predicted is narrower than the one inferred from observations. Here we perform numerical simulations of Kuiper belt formation starting from an initial state with Neptune at 20 = 10 Myr and a_{N,0} 40 AU region, where the Cold Classicals presumably formed.
Lei, Haitao; Li, Yong; Wang, Hong, E-mail: hwang@mail.xjtu.edu.cn [Electronic Materials Research Laboratory, Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education and International Center for Dielectric Research, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)
2014-06-14
The 3D (dimensional) diamond structure photonic crystal heterostructures with different lattice constants were prepared using rapid prototyping and gel casting with alumina. In this paper, heterostructures with inclined and curved interfaces were designed and its bandgap properties were studied. The normalized resonant intensity of electromagnetic wave in heterostructure with inclined and curved interface is stronger than that in the ordinary heterostructure without modified interface. The influence of curved interface on transmission properties of electromagnetic wave was investigated with the radius of curvature ranging from 17?mm to 37?mm at 5?mm interval. The results show that two resonant modes appear in the photonic band gap, being similar to the band gap characteristics of the photonic crystals with two defects inside. With the increasing of the radius of curvature, the resonant mode shift to higher frequency. In the structure with a radius of curvature of 32?mm, a guiding band appears in the photonic band gap. Further increase in the radius of curvature, the guiding band will split into two resonant modes again and the two resonant modes shift to lower frequencies.
Naoki Seto
2014-10-20
We analytically discuss probability distribution function (PDF) for inclinations of merging compact binaries whose gravitational waves are coherently detected by a network of ground based interferometers. The PDF would be useful for studying prospects of (1) simultaneously detecting electromagnetic signals (such as gamma-ray-bursts) associated with binary mergers and (2) statistically constraining the related theoretical models from the actual observational data of multi-messenger astronomy. Our approach is similar to Schutz (2011), but we explicitly include the dependence of the polarization angles of the binaries, based on the concise formulation given in Cutler and Flanagan (1994). We find that the overall profiles of the PDFs are similar for any networks composed by the second generation detectors (Advanced-LIGO, Advanced-Virgo, KAGRA, LIGO-India). For example, 5.1% of detected binaries would have inclination angle less than 10 degree with at most 0.1% differences between the potential networks. A perturbative expression is also provided for generating the PDFs with a small number of parameters given by directional averages of the quantity $\\epsilon$ that characterises the asymmetry of network sensitivities to incoming two orthogonal polarization modes.
Fujii, Yuka [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Kawahara, Hajime, E-mail: yuka.fujii@utap.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0397 (Japan)
2012-08-20
Aiming at obtaining detailed information on the surface environment of Earth analogs, Kawahara and Fujii proposed an inversion technique of annual scattered light curves named spin-orbit tomography (SOT), which enables us to sketch a two-dimensional albedo map from annual variation of the disk-integrated scattered light, and demonstrated the method with a planet in a face-on orbit. We extend it to be applicable to general geometric configurations, including low-obliquity planets like the Earth in inclined orbits. We simulate light curves of the Earth in an inclined orbit in three photometric bands (0.4-0.5 {mu}m, 0.6-0.7 {mu}m, and 0.8-0.9 {mu}m) and show that the distribution of clouds, snow, and continents is retrieved with the aid of the SOT. We also demonstrate the SOT by applying it to an upright Earth, a tidally locked Earth, and Earth analogs with ancient continental configurations. The inversion is model independent in the sense that we do not assume specific albedo models when mapping the surface, and hence applicable in principle to any kind of inhomogeneity. This method can potentially serve as a unique tool to investigate the exohabitats/exoclimes of Earth analogs.
Terdtoon, P.; Chailungkar, M. [Chiang Mai Univ. (Thailand). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Shiraishi, M. [MITI, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan). Mechanical Engineering Lab.
1998-10-01
A visual study of internal flow patterns inside an inclined closed two-phase thermosyphon at normal operating conditions for several aspect ratios has been conducted. The article describes the details of the flow patterns varying with inclination angles and aspect ratios. A thermosyphon with a diameter of 11.1 mm was used. R123 was selected as the working fluid, with a vapor temperature of 30 C and a filling ratio of 80%. Observation of the flow phenomena was conducted at selected inclination angles of 90{degree}, 30{degree}, and 5{degree} from the horizontal axis, with aspect ratios of 30, 10, and 5. Flow phenomena were recorded with a standard video camera and a still camera, and the corresponding heat transfer rate was also monitored. It was observed that the basic internal flow patterns could be classified according to the aspect ratios as follows: At an aspect ratio of 10 and higher, the internal flow changed from annular and churn flow at the vertical position to a stratified slug flow in the inclined position, and there was an improvement in heat transfer rates between the vertical and the inclined positions. However, in the case of an aspect ratio less than 10, tilting the thermosyphon from vertical did not result in changing the internal bubbly flow. It was observed that the improvement in heat transfer rates in this case was likely to be higher than in the previous case.
U & V PLANE MODULE ASSY 127 - S
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
FRONT (UPSTREAM SIDE) U & V PLANES WITH PERIMETER BLOCKS 7 FIBER BUNDLE ALL OTHERS ARE 8 FIBER 126.88 83.80 89.05 FINAL SIZE TBD B B C C A A D D SECTION A-A SCALE 1 : 1 SECTION C-C...
X PLANE MODULE ASSY 127 - Sheet
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
.63 SECTION D-D SCALE 1 : 1 .63 SECTION A-A PERIMETER BLOCKS SCALE 1 : 1 X PLANE & FRONT (UPSTREAM SIDE) 45.88 4.20 .63 2.60 3.00 SCINT CORNER CUT-BACK DETAIL E SCALE 1 : 1 .20...
CHIRAL SKYRMIONS IN THE PLANE CHRISTOF MELCHER
Rheinisch-WestfÃ¤lische Technische Hochschule Aachen (RWTH)
-Moriya interaction. In continuum the- ories the corresponding energy contribution is, in contrast to the classical Skyrme mechanism from nuclear physics, of linear gradient dependence and breaks the chiral symmetry. In the simplest possible case of a ferromagnetic energy in the plane including symmetric and antisymmetric
Reaction plane dispersion at intermediate energies
J. Lukasik; W. Trautmann
2006-03-29
A method to derive the corrections for the dispersion of the reaction plane at intermediate energies is proposed. The method is based on the correlated, non-isotropic Gaussian approximation. It allowed to construct the excitation function of genuine flow values for the Au+Au reactions at 40-150 MeV/nucleon measured with the INDRA detector at GSI.
Plane waves in anisotropic viscoelastic media
Andrzej Hanyga
2015-07-13
Two concepts of plane waves in anisotropic viscoelastic media are studied. One of these concepts allows for the use of methods based on the theory of complete Bernstein functions. This allows for a deeper study of frequency-domain asymptotics of the attenuation function and time-domain regularity at the wavefronts. A relation between the direction of the energy flux density and the attenuation vector is examined under much more general assumptions.
Al+LiF Coated Mirror #2 Focal Plane Assemblies (4) Detectors (2) Al+LiF Coated Mirror #1 SiC Coated Mirror #2 SiC Coated Mirror #1 Rowland Circles Al+LiF Coated Grating #2 Al+LiF Coated Grating #1 SiC Coated Grating #2 z y x Figure 1 A schematic view of the FUSE optical system. 1. INTRODUCTION The Far
Blackfolds, Plane Waves and Minimal Surfaces
Jay Armas; Matthias Blau
2015-08-06
Minimal surfaces in Euclidean space provide examples of possible non-compact horizon geometries and topologies in asymptotically flat space-time. On the other hand, the existence of limiting surfaces in the space-time provides a simple mechanism for making these configurations compact. Limiting surfaces appear naturally in a given space-time by making minimal surfaces rotate but they are also inherent to plane wave or de Sitter space-times in which case minimal surfaces can be static and compact. We use the blackfold approach in order to scan for possible black hole horizon geometries and topologies in asymptotically flat, plane wave and de Sitter space-times. In the process we uncover several new configurations, such as black helicoids and catenoids, some of which have an asymptotically flat counterpart. In particular, we find that the ultraspinning regime of singly-spinning Myers-Perry black holes, described in terms of the simplest minimal surface (the plane), can be obtained as a limit of a black helicoid, suggesting that these two families of black holes are connected. We also show that minimal surfaces embedded in spheres rather than Euclidean space can be used to construct static compact horizons in asymptotically de Sitter space-times.
Mohaghegh, Shahab
and the enhancement is clearly demonstrated. The developed VMP is applied to wellbore hydraulic problems. It addresses three-phase (oil, water, and gas) flow in wellbores. This tool applies to a variety of wells, including vertical wells and those with various degrees of inclination. Introduction Concurrent flow of oil and gas
The Plane Truth: Andromeda analog thin Planes of Satellites are not kinematical coherent structures
Buck, Tobias; Macciò, Andrea V
2015-01-01
A large fraction of the dwarf satellite galaxies orbiting the Andromeda galaxy are surprisingly aligned in a thin, extended and seemingly kinematically coherent planar structure. Such a structure is not easily found in simulations based on the Cold Dark Matter model. Using 21 high resolution cosmological simulations based on this model we analyze in detail the kinematical structure of planes of satellites resembling the one observed around Andromeda when co-rotation is characterized by the line-of-sight velocity. At the same time, when co-rotation is inferred by the angular momenta of the satellites, the planes are in excellent agreement with the plane around the Milky Way. Furthermore, we find such planes to be common in our simulations. Investigation of the kinematics of the satellites in the plane reveals that the number of co-rotating satellites varies by 2 to 5 out of ~12 depending on the viewing angle. These variations are consistent with that obtained from a sample with random velocities. Using instead...
Energy Distribution of Black Plane Solutions
Paul Halpern
2006-03-27
We use the Einstein energy-momentum complex to calculate the energy distribution of static plane-symmetric solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell equations in 3+1 dimensions with asymptotic anti-de Sitter behavior. This solution is expressed in terms of three parameters: the mass, electric charge and cosmological constant. We compare the energy distribution to that of the Reissner-Nordstrom-anti-de Sitter solution, pointing to qualitative differences between the models. Finally, we examine these results within the context of the Cooperstock hypothesis.
Gabi Zafrir
2015-12-26
We explore the properties of five-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories living on $5$-brane webs in orientifold $5$-plane backgrounds. This allows constructing quiver gauge theories with alternating $USp(2N)$ and $SO(N)$ gauge groups with fundamental matter, and thus leads to the existence of new $5d$ fixed point theories. The web description can be further used to study non-perturbative phenomena such as enhancement of symmetry and duality. We further suggest that one can use these systems to engineer $5d$ $SO$ group with spinor matter. We present evidence for this claim.
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly SmartDB-2, Blue MountainSchool District Wind FarmInvestmentsPlane
ACOUSTIC PLANE WAVE A. CHRISTOFFEL EQUATIONS FOR ISOTROPIC AND
Duffy, Thomas S.
Appendix 3 ACOUSTIC PLANE WAVE PROPERTIES A. CHRISTOFFEL EQUATIONS FOR ISOTROPIC AND ANISOTROPICI/; + - 2cl(/xl.y (C1:1 + (1'13 + (el:l + (c1:1 + T ACOUSTIC PLANE WAVE PROI'ERTIES 385 ORTHORHOMBIC ell- 0 + C SIIl- () 2 44 ! a quasishear wave, (\\ 'II (~ _ \\1/( (J~, ACOUSTIC PLANE WAVE PROPERTIES 387 (k
Heat removal characteristics of volume heated boiling pools with inclined boundaries
Greene, G.A.; Jones, O.C. Jr.; Schwarz, C.E.; Abuaf, N.
1980-04-01
The state-of-the-art of heat transfer from boiling liquids having internal heat generation is reviewed. Considerable scatter is found in the existing data. Attempts to correlate these data have relied on both natural and forced convection concepts. This report describes a new series of experiments wherein the data scatter appears to have been improved by a factor of four to six from previous experiments when compared on the basis of standard deviation in correlation coefficients. Local heat transfer data to both vertical and inclined surfaces (up to 30/sup 0/ from vertical) are reported having maximum to minimum heat transfer ratios of up to 5:1. It is shown that with surface vapor fluxes up to twice the free bubble rise velocities given by Harmathy there are two distinct flow regimes: bubbly and churn-turbulent. In bubble flows, the pool is generally quiescent and surface temperature fluctuations negligible. In churn-turbulent flows, the pool is generally chaotic and three dimensional. The surface temperatures showed large fluctuations up to the maximum pool-to-wall difference indicating intermittent destruction and renewal of boundary layer. Heat transfer coefficients were more uniform, and the maximum was observed to be in the range .25-.30 cal/cm/sup 2/ s /sup 0/C. 26 refs., 18 figs., 9 tabs.
R. L. Mkrtchyan
2012-09-25
We search points in a Vogel plane with regular universal expression for character of adjoint representation. This gives seven patterns of singularities cancellation, each giving a certain Diophantine equation of third order on three variables. Solutions of these equations are classical series of simple Lie algebras (including an "odd symplectic" one), $D_{2,1,\\lambda}$ superalgebra, the straight line of three-dimensional algebras, and a number of isolated solutions, including exceptional simple Lie algebras. One of these Diophantine equations, namely knm=4k+4n+2m+12 contains all simple Lie algebras, except SO(2N+1). Isolated solutions contain, beside exceptional simple Lie algebras, so called $E_{71/2}$ algebra and also two other similar (unknown) objects with positive dimensions. In addition, there are 47 isolated solutions in "unphysical semiplane" with negative dimensions. Isolated solutions mainly lie on a few straight lines in Vogel plane. All solutions give an integers in universal dimension formulae for first three symmetric powers of adjoint representation.
Erwin, Peter
2013-01-01
We show that direct detection and measurement of the vertically thickened parts of bars (so-called "boxy" or "peanut-shaped" bulges) is possible not only for edge-on galaxies but also for galaxies with moderate inclinations (i peanut can usually be detected for inclinations as low as i ~ 40 deg -- and in exceptional cases down to i ~ 30 deg. In agreement with the predictions from N-body simulations, the signature is most easily detectable when the bar's position angle is within ~ 50 deg of the galaxy major axis; in particular, galaxies where the bar lies very close to the minor axis do not show the signature clearly or at all. For galaxies with i = 40--65 deg and relative angles peanut struc...
Smart trigger logic for focal plane arrays
Levy, James E; Campbell, David V; Holmes, Michael L; Lovejoy, Robert; Wojciechowski, Kenneth; Kay, Randolph R; Cavanaugh, William S; Gurrieri, Thomas M
2014-03-25
An electronic device includes a memory configured to receive data representing light intensity values from pixels in a focal plane array and a processor that analyzes the received data to determine which light values correspond to triggered pixels, where the triggered pixels are those pixels that meet a predefined set of criteria, and determines, for each triggered pixel, a set of neighbor pixels for which light intensity values are to be stored. The electronic device also includes a buffer that temporarily stores light intensity values for at least one previously processed row of pixels, so that when a triggered pixel is identified in a current row, light intensity values for the neighbor pixels in the previously processed row and for the triggered pixel are persistently stored, as well as a data transmitter that transmits the persistently stored light intensity values for the triggered and neighbor pixels to a data receiver.
Traffic Noise and the Hyperbolic Plane
Gibbons, G W
2009-01-01
We consider the problem of sound propagation in a wind. We note that the rays, as in the absence of a wind, are given by Fermat's principle and show how to map them to the trajectories of a charged particle moving in a magnetic field on a curved space. For the specific case of sound propagating in a stratified atmosphere with a small wind speed we show that the corresponding particle moves in a constant magnetic field on the hyperbolic plane. In this way we give a simple `straightedge and compass' method to estimate the intensity of sound upwind and downwind. We construct Mach envelopes for moving sources. Finally, we relate the problem to that of finding null geodesics in a squashed anti-de Sitter spacetime and discuss the $SO(3,1)\\times \\mathbb{R}$ symmetry of the problem from this point of view.
Traffic Noise and the Hyperbolic Plane
G. W. Gibbons; C. M. Warnick
2010-10-07
We consider the problem of sound propagation in a wind. We note that the rays, as in the absence of a wind, are given by Fermat's principle and show how to map them to the trajectories of a charged particle moving in a magnetic field on a curved space. For the specific case of sound propagating in a stratified atmosphere with a small wind speed we show that the corresponding particle moves in a constant magnetic field on the hyperbolic plane. In this way we give a simple `straightedge and compass' method to estimate the intensity of sound upwind and downwind. We construct Mach envelopes for moving sources. Finally, we relate the problem to that of finding null geodesics in a squashed anti-de Sitter spacetime and discuss the $SO(3,1)\\times \\mathbb{R}$ symmetry of the problem from this point of view.
Rotation speed and stellar axis inclination from p modes: How CoRoT would see other suns
J. Ballot; R. A. Garcia; P. Lambert
2006-03-24
In the context of future space-based asteroseismic missions, we have studied the problem of extracting the rotation speed and the rotation-axis inclination of solar-like stars from the expected data. We have focused on slow rotators (at most twice solar rotation speed), firstly because they constitute the most difficult case and secondly because some of the CoRoT main targets are expected to have slow rotation rates. Our study of the likelihood function has shown a correlation between the estimates of inclination of the rotation axis i and the rotational splitting deltanu of the star. By using the parameters, i and deltanu*=deltanu sin(i), we propose and discuss new fitting strategies. Monte Carlo simulations have shown that we can extract a mean splitting and the rotation-axis inclination down to solar rotation rates. However, at the solar rotation rate we are not able to correctly recover the angle i although we are still able to measure a correct deltanu* with a dispersion less than 40 nHz.
Scattering of scalar waves on a single crystalline plane
V. K. Ignatovich
2013-08-06
Scattering of a scalar particle on a crystalline plane with quadratic cell and identical fixed scatterers is solved precisely. Contradiction of the standard scattering theory is pointed out.
In-plane orientation effects on the electronic structure stability...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
effects on the electronic structure stability and Raman scattering of monolayer graphene on Ir(111). Citation Details In-Document Search Title: In-plane orientation effects...
FOURIER RESTRICTION FOR AFFINE ARCLENGTH MEASURES IN THE PLANE
FOURIER RESTRICTION FOR AFFINE ARCLENGTH MEASURES IN THE PLANE Daniel M. Oberlin Department class of curves in the plane, of the Fe#11;erman-Zygmund theorem on restriction of the Fourier transformB10. Key words and phrases. Fourier transform, restriction. Typeset by A M S-T E X 1 #12; 2 DANIEL M
On digital plane preimage structure D. Coeurjolly a
Sivignon, Isabelle
: digital plane preimage, digital straight line, dual transformation. 1 Introduction Digital straightnessOn digital plane preimage structure D. Coeurjolly a , I. Sivignon b , F. Dupont a , F. Feschet c´ezeaux, B.P.86 F-63172 AUBIERE Cedex, France Abstract In digital geometry, digital straightness
Plane-wave fluorescence tomography with adaptive finite elements
Bangerth, Wolfgang
Plane-wave fluorescence tomography with adaptive finite elements Amit Joshi Photon Migration reflectance imaging setup. The method employs planar illumination with modulated light and frequency domain fluo- rescence measurements made on the illumination plane. An adaptive finite-element algorithm
Efficiently finding optimal winding-constrained loops in the plane
Vernaza, Paul
Efficiently finding optimal winding- constrained loops in the plane Paul Vernaza, Venkatraman winding- constrained loops in the plane that are optimal with respect to a minimum-cost objective times it winds around each obstacle, enabling us to reduce the problem of finding paths satisfying
Energy Content of Colliding Plane Waves using Approximate Noether Symmetries
M. Sharif; Saira Waheed
2011-09-19
This paper is devoted to study the energy content of colliding plane waves using approximate Noether symmetries. For this purpose, we use approximate Lie symmetry method of Lagrangian for differential equations. We formulate the first-order perturbed Lagrangian for colliding plane electromagnetic and gravitational waves. It is shown that in both cases, there does not exist
Analysis of a Fivefold Symmetric Superposition of Plane Waves
Michael H. Schwarz; Robert A. Pelcovits
2012-03-17
We show that a symmetric superposition of five standing plane waves can be expressed as an infinite series of terms of decreasing wavenumber, where each term is a product of five plane waves. We show that this series converges pointwise in R^2 and uniformly in any disk domain in R^2. Using this series, we provide a heuristic argument for why the locations of the local extrema of a symmetric superposition of five standing plane waves can be approximated by the vertices of a Penrose tiling.
A Martingale Approach to Point Processes in the Plane
Merzbach, Ely; Nualart, David
1988-02-05
A rigorous definition of two-parameter point processes is given as a distribution of a denumerable number of random points in the plane. A characterization with stopping lines and relation with predictability are obtained. Using the one...
Oblique slamming, planing and skimming S.D. Howison
Howison, Sam
, inviscid hydrodynamics, ship slamming, water entry, planing. 1 Introduction The phenomenon of violent impacts where there is the possibility of either cavitation on the "downstream" segment of the contact
Preconditioning for the mixed formulation of linear plane elasticity
Wang, Yanqiu
2005-11-01
In this dissertation, we study the mixed ?nite element method for the linear plane elasticity problem and iterative solvers for the resulting discrete system. We use the Arnold-Winther Element in the mixed ?nite element discretization...
Higher Derivative Corrections to O-Plane Actions
Wang, Zhao
2014-11-17
Higher derivative corrections to effective actions are very important and of great interest in string theory. The aim of this dissertation is to develop a method to constrain the higher derivative corrections to O-plane ...
A Markov-type inequality for arbitrary plane continua
1910-51-20
Dec 8, 2005 ... for all polynomials f. We prove a precise version of this inequality with an arbitrary continuum in the complex plane instead of the interval. [?1,1].
Casimir Energy due to a Semi-Infinite Plane Boundary
H. Ahmedov; I. H. Duru
2006-08-25
Following the derivation of the Green function for the massless scalar field satisfying the Dirichlet boundary condition on the Plane (x > 0, y = 0), we calculate the Casimir energy.
Cutting plane algorithms for variational inference in graphical models
Sontag, David Alexander
2007-01-01
In this thesis, we give a new class of outer bounds on the marginal polytope, and propose a cutting-plane algorithm for efficiently optimizing over these constraints. When combined with a concave upper bound on the entropy, ...
Zero Energy of Plane-Waves for ELKOs
Luca Fabbri
2011-02-23
We consider the ELKO field in interaction through contorsion with its own spin density, and we investigate the form of the consequent autointeractions; to do so we take into account the high-density limit and find plane wave solutions: such plane waves give rise to contorsional autointeractions for which the Ricci metric curvature vanishes and therefore the energy density is equal to zero identically. Consequences are discussed.
Wolf, Frank Ezra
1917-01-01
an address given Oot. 3, 1900, at Hortonville by Geo. W. Martin, Secretary of the Kansas Hist orical Society, at the northeast Kansas Jubilee: "At the very first meeting held by the city counoil of Atchison, a resolu tion was adopted ordering an election... an address given Oot. 3, 1900, at Hortonville by Geo. W. Martin, Secretary of the Kansas Hist orical Society, at the northeast Kansas Jubilee: "At the very first meeting held by the city counoil of Atchison, a resolu tion was adopted ordering an election...
Shearer, Peter
Chapter 5 Matrix Methods for Plane Waves In general, the equations of motion for a plane wave problem in which case f is a 2-vector and A is a 2x2 matrix, (2) the SH-wave problem for which f is also a 2-vector and A is 2x2, (3) the P-SV problem for which f is a 4-vector and A is a 4x4 matrix, (4
Hansen, James E.
side of the global warming debate." These claims are nonsense. Political inclinations should have and House of Representatives. My favorite politician then, as I indicated to friends, was Senator John Heinz of global warming and economic development. In my "Iowa talk" (available at above http
K. G. Arun; Hideyuki Tagoshi; Chandra Kant Mishra; Archana Pai
2014-12-15
Compact binary mergers are the strongest candidates for the progenitors of Short Gamma Ray Bursts (SGRBs). If a gravitational wave (GW) signal from the compact binary merger is observed in association with a SGRB, such a synergy can help us understand many interesting aspects of these bursts. We examine the accuracies with which a world wide network of gravitational wave interferometers would measure the inclination angle (the angle between the angular momentum axis of the binary and the observer's line of sight) of the binary. We compare the projected accuracies of GW detectors to measure the inclination angle of double neutron star (DNS) and neutron star-black hole (NS-BH) binaries for different astrophysical scenarios. We find that a 5 detector network can measure the inclination angle to an accuracy of $\\sim 5.1 (2.2)$ degrees for a DNS(NS-BH) system at 200 Mpc if the direction of the source as well as the redshift is known electromagnetically. We argue as to how an accurate estimation of the inclination angle of the binary can prove to be crucial in understanding off-axis GRBs, the dynamics and the energetics of their jets, and help the searches for (possible) orphan afterglows of the SGRBs.
Wongwises, Somchai; Pipathattakul, Manop [Fluid Mechanics, Thermal Engineering and Multiphase Flow Research Lab (FUTURE), Department of Mechanical Engineering, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Bangmod, Bangkok 10140 (Thailand)
2006-03-01
Two-phase flow pattern, pressure drop and void fraction in horizontal and inclined upward air-water two-phase flow in a mini-gap annular channel are experimentally studied. A concentric annular test section at the length of 880mm with an outer diameter of 12.5mm and inner diameter of 8mm is used in the experiments. The flow phenomena, which are plug flow, slug flow, annular flow, annular/slug flow, bubbly/plug flow, bubbly/slug-plug flow, churn flow, dispersed bubbly flow and slug/bubbly flow, are observed and recorded by high-speed camera. A slug flow pattern is found only in the horizontal channel while slug/bubbly flow patterns are observed only in inclined channels. When the inclination angle is increased, the onset of transition from the plug flow region to the slug flow region (for the horizontal channel) and from the plug flow region to slug/bubbly flow region (for inclined channels) shift to a lower value of superficial air velocity. Small shifts are found for the transition line between the dispersed bubbly flow and the bubbly/plug flow, the bubbly/plug flow and the bubbly/slug-plug flow, and the bubbly/plug flow and the plug flow. The rest of the transition lines shift to a higher value of superficial air velocity. Considering the effect of flow pattern on the pressure drop in the horizontal tube at low liquid velocity, the occurrence of slug flow stops the rise of pressure drop for a short while, before rising again after the air velocity has increased. However, the pressure does not rise abruptly in the tubes with {theta}=30{sup o} and 60{sup o} when the slug/bubbly flow occurs. At low gas and liquid velocity, the pressure drop increases, when the inclination angles changes from horizontal to 30{sup o} and 60{sup o}. Void fraction increases with increasing gas velocity and decreases with increasing liquid velocity. After increasing the inclination angle from horizontal to {theta}=30{sup o} and 60{sup o}, the void fraction appears to be similar, with a decreasing trend when the inclination angle increases. (author)
Measure Guideline: Guidance on Taped Insulating Sheathing Drainage Planes
Grin, A.; Lstiburek, J.
2014-09-01
The goal of this research is to provide durable and long-term water management solutions using exterior insulating sheathing as part of the water management system. It is possible to tape or seal the joints in insulating sheathing to create a drainage plane and even an air control layer. There exists the material durability component of the tape as well as the system durability component being the taped insulating sheathing as the drainage plane. This measure guideline provides best practice and product recommendations from the interviewed contractors and homebuilders who collectively have a vast amount of experience. Three significant issues were discussed with the group, which are required to make taped insulating sheathing a simple, long-term, and durable drainage plane: horizontal joints should be limited or eliminated wherever possible; where a horizontal joint exists use superior materials; and frequent installation inspection and regular trade training are required to maintain proper installation.
THE CANADA-FRANCE ECLIPTIC PLANE SURVEY-FULL DATA RELEASE: THE ORBITAL STRUCTURE OF THE KUIPER BELT
Petit, J.-M.; Rousselot, P.; Mousis, O. [Institut UTINAM, CNRS-UMR 6213, Observatoire de Besancon, BP 1615, 25010 Besancon Cedex (France); Kavelaars, J. J. [Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, National Research Council of Canada, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Gladman, B. J.; Jones, R. L.; Van Laerhoven, C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Parker, J. Wm.; Bieryla, A. [Planetary Science Directorate, Southwest Research Institute, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States); Nicholson, P. [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Space Sciences Building, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Mars, G. [Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, BP 4229, F-06304 Nice Cedex 4 (France); Marsden, B.; Ashby, M. L. N. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Taylor, M.; Bernabeu, G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8W 2Y2 (Canada); Benavidez, P.; Campo Bagatin, A. [Departamento de Fisica, Ingenieria de Sistemas y Teoria de la Senal, E.P.S.A., Universidad de Alicante, Apartado de Correos 99, Alicante 03080 (Spain)
2011-10-15
We report the orbital distribution of the trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) discovered during the Canada-France Ecliptic Plane Survey (CFEPS), whose discovery phase ran from early 2003 until early 2007. The follow-up observations started just after the first discoveries and extended until late 2009. We obtained characterized observations of 321 deg{sup 2} of sky to depths in the range g {approx} 23.5-24.4 AB mag. We provide a database of 169 TNOs with high-precision dynamical classification and known discovery efficiency. Using this database, we find that the classical belt is a complex region with sub-structures that go beyond the usual splitting of inner (interior to 3:2 mean-motion resonance [MMR]), main (between 3:2 and 2:1 MMR), and outer (exterior to 2:1 MMR). The main classical belt (a = 40-47 AU) needs to be modeled with at least three components: the 'hot' component with a wide inclination distribution and two 'cold' components (stirred and kernel) with much narrower inclination distributions. The hot component must have a significantly shallower absolute magnitude (H{sub g} ) distribution than the other two components. With 95% confidence, there are 8000{sup +1800}{sub -1600} objects in the main belt with H{sub g} {<=} 8.0, of which 50% are from the hot component, 40% from the stirred component, and 10% from the kernel; the hot component's fraction drops rapidly with increasing H{sub g} . Because of this, the apparent population fractions depend on the depth and ecliptic latitude of a trans-Neptunian survey. The stirred and kernel components are limited to only a portion of the main belt, while we find that the hot component is consistent with a smooth extension throughout the inner, main, and outer regions of the classical belt; in fact, the inner and outer belts are consistent with containing only hot-component objects. The H{sub g} {<=} 8.0 TNO population estimates are 400 for the inner belt and 10,000 for the outer belt to within a factor of two (95% confidence). We show how the CFEPS Survey Simulator can be used to compare a cosmogonic model for the orbital element distribution to the real Kuiper Belt.
THE CANADA-FRANCE ECLIPTIC PLANE SURVEY-L3 DATA RELEASE: THE ORBITAL STRUCTURE OF THE KUIPER BELT
Kavelaars, J. J.; Jones, R. L.; Murray, I. [Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, National Research Council of Canada, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Gladman, B. J.; Petit, J.-M.; Van Laerhoven, C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, 6224 Agricultural Road, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Parker, Joel Wm.; Bieryla, A. [Space Science and Engineering Division, Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 400, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States); Nicholson, P.; Margot, J. L. [Cornell University, Space Sciences Building, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Rousselot, P.; Mousis, O. [Institut UTINAM, CNRS-UMR 6213, Observatoire de Besancon, BP 1615, 25010 Besancon Cedex (France); Scholl, H. [Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, BP 4229, Boulevard de l'Observatoire, F-06304 Nice Cedex 4 (France); Marsden, B. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Benavidez, P.; Campo Bagatin, A. [Departamento de Fisica, Ingenieria de Sistemas y Teoria de la Senal, E.P.S.A., Universidad de Alicante, Apartado de Correos 99, Alicante 03080 (Spain); Doressoundiram, A. [LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, 92195 Meudon Principal Cedex (France); Veillet, C. [Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Corporation, P.O. Box 1597, Kamuela, HI 96743 (United States)
2009-06-15
We report the orbital distribution of the trans-Neptunian comets discovered during the first discovery year of the Canada-France Ecliptic Plane Survey (CFEPS). CFEPS is a Kuiper Belt object survey based on observations acquired by the Very Wide component of the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey (LS-VW). The first year's detections consist of 73 Kuiper Belt objects, 55 of which have now been tracked for three years or more, providing precise orbits. Although this sample size is small compared to the world-wide inventory, because we have an absolutely calibrated and extremely well-characterized survey (with known pointing history) we are able to de-bias our observed population and make unbiased statements about the intrinsic orbital distribution of the Kuiper Belt. By applying the (publically available) CFEPS Survey Simulator to models of the true orbital distribution and comparing the resulting simulated detections to the actual detections made by the survey, we are able to rule out several hypothesized Kuiper Belt object orbit distributions. We find that the main classical belt's so-called 'cold' component is confined in semimajor axis (a) and eccentricity (e) compared to the more extended 'hot' component; the cold component is confined to lower e and does not stretch all the way out to the 2:1 resonance but rather depletes quickly beyond a = 45 AU. For the cold main classical belt population we find a robust population estimate of N(H{sub g} < 10) = 50 {+-} 5 x 10{sup 3} and find that the hot component of the main classical belt represents {approx}60% of the total population. The inner classical belt (sunward of the 3:2 mean-motion resonance) has a population of roughly 2000 trans-Neptunian objects with absolute magnitudes H{sub g} < 10, and may not share the inclination distribution of the main classical belt. We also find that the plutino population lacks a cold low-inclination component, and so, the population is somewhat larger than recent estimates; our analysis shows a plutino population of N(H{sub g} < 10){approx} 25{sup +25} {sub -12} x 10{sup 3}compared to our estimate of the size of main classical Kuiper Belt population of N(H{sub g} < 10) {approx} (126{sup +50} {sub -46}) x 10{sup 3}.
A "hybrid plane" with spin-orbit interaction
Pavel Exner; Petr Šeba
2007-05-17
In this paper we attempt to reconstruct one of the last projects of Volodya Geyler which remained unfinished. We study motion of a quantum particle in the plane to which a halfline lead is attached assuming that the particle has spin $\\frac12$ and the plane component of the Hamiltonian contains a spin-orbit interaction of either Rashba or Dresselhaus type. We construct the class of admissible Hamiltonians and derive an explicit expression for the Green function applying it to the scattering in such a system.
Static plane symmetric relativistic fluids and empty repelling singular boundaries
Ricardo E. Gamboa Saravi
2007-12-18
We present a detailed analysis of the general exact solution of Einstein's equation corresponding to a static and plane symmetric distribution of matter with density proportional to pressure. We study the geodesics in it and we show that this simple spacetime exhibits very curious properties. In particular, it has a free of matter repelling singular boundary and all geodesics bounce off it.
TURBULENT-LAMINAR PATTERNS IN PLANE COUETTE Dwight Barkley
Barkley, Dwight
@limsi.fr Abstract Regular patterns of turbulent and laminar fluid motion arise in plane Couette flow near the lowest and is the kinematic viscosity of the fluid. See figure 1. For all val- ues of ¡£¢ , laminar Couette flow at an angle to the streamwise direction. Fluid flows exhibiting coexisting turbulent and laminar regions have
Colliding plane waves with W=M=0
B. V. Ivanov
1997-05-13
It is shown that there are three vacuum and one electrovacuum solutions of diagonal plane waves with M=0 and constant Maxwell scalars. Namely, these are the single wave, Stoyanov, Babala and Bell-Szekeres solutions. A comparison is made with the planar solutions of Taub.
Markov Properties for Point Processes on the Plane
Nualart, David; Merzbach, Ely
1990-02-02
It is proved that for a wide class of point processes indexed by the positive quadrant of the plane, and for a class of compact sets in this quadrant, the germ ?-field is equal to the ?-field generated by the values of the process on the set...
IRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination
Liske, Jochen
-apertures illuminated by laser sources are recombined using the IRAN scheme. The validation of the IRAN recombinationIRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination F. Allouchea,b, F. Vakilib-Antipolis, CNRS UMR 6525 Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France ABSTRACT In 2004, our group proposed IRAN
The Arecibo Methanol Maser Galactic Plane Survey--I: Data
Jagadheep D. Pandian; Paul F. Goldsmith; Avinash A. Deshpande
2007-02-06
We present the results of an unbiased survey for 6.7 GHz methanol masers in the Galactic plane carried out using the 305 m Arecibo radio telescope. A total of 18.2 square degrees was surveyed with uniform sampling at 35.2 deg methanol masers are clustered, reflecting the formation of massive stars in clusters.
RIEMANN SURFACES, PLANE ALGEBRAIC CURVES AND THEIR PERIOD MATRICES
numerically the canonical map. Therefore symmetric 1991 Mathematics Subject Classification. 14Q05, 14H55, 14P for computing a representation of a compact Riemann surface as an algebraic plane curve and to compute a numerical approximation for its period matrix. We will describe a program Cars ([3]) that can be used
MUBS INEQUIVALENCE AND AFFINE PLANES W. M. KANTOR
Kantor, William M.
not preserve the standard basis). 2 We avoid the term frame used in [CCKS] so as not to conflict with other's interest in sets F related to cubature formulas [DGS, Se, K¨o]. The subject matter of this brief note has been surveyed already (e.g., in [Ka4]), but emphasizing only planes and codes, not CN or RN
Drake, Aaron C.
2011-10-21
-eye. The variables modeled were fluke angle settings of 22°, 36° and 50°. The initial towline angle was varied from a minimum of 5° to upwards of 20°. Surface out-of-plane angles of 45° and 90° and embedment loading of 15°, 30° and 45° were examined. Curves...
Hydraulic jumps on an incline J E A N L U C T H I F F E A U L T1,2
1 Hydraulic jumps on an incline J E A N L U C T H I F F E A U L T1,2 AND A N D R E W B E L M O N rim resembling a parabola and reminiscent of a hydraulic jump. There appears to be little theory, and present a simple theory based on horizontal hydraulic jumps which accounts for the rise height and its
The dynamics of transition to turbulence in plane Couette flow
Viswanath, D
2007-01-01
In plane Couette flow, the incompressible fluid between two plane parallel walls is driven by the motion of those walls. The laminar solution, in which the streamwise velocity varies linearly in the wall-normal direction, is known to be linearly stable at all Reynolds numbers ($Re$). Yet, in both experiments and computations, turbulence is observed for $Re \\gtrsim 360$. In this article, we show that when the laminar flow is perturbed on to the transition {\\it threshold}, the flow approaches either steady or traveling wave solutions. These solutions exhibit some aspects of turbulence but are not fully turbulent even at $Re=4000$. However, these solutions are linearly unstable and flows that evolve along their unstable directions become fully turbulent. The solution approached by a threshold perturbation depends upon the nature of the perturbation. Surprisingly, the positive eigenvalue that corresponds to one family of solutions decreases in magnitude with increasing $Re$, with the rate of decrease given by $Re...
Shape of Lambda hypernuclei in (beta,gamma) deformation plane
Myaing Thi Win; K. Hagino; T. Koike
2010-12-15
We study the shape of $\\Lambda$ hypernuclei in the full ($\\beta,\\gamma$) deformation plane, including both axially symmetric and triaxial quadrupole deformations. To this end, we use the constrained Skyrme Hartree-Fock+BCS method on the three-dimensional Cartesian mesh. The potential energy surface is analyzed for carbon hypernuclei as well as for sd-shell hypernuclei such as $^{27,29}_{\\Lambda}$Si and $^{25,27}_{\\Lambda}$Mg. We show that the potential energy surface in the ($\\beta,\\gamma$) plane is similar to each other between the hypernuclei and the corresponding core nuclei, although the addition of $\\Lambda$ hyperon makes the energy surface somewhat softer along the $\\gamma$ direction. Our calculation implies that the energy of the $\\gamma$ vibration for $^{25,27}_{\\Lambda}$Mg nuclei is lowered by about 0.15 MeV with respect to that of $^{24,26}$Mg nuclei.
Noise versus chaos in a causal Fisher-Shannon plane
Osvaldo A. Rosso; Felipe Olivares; Angelo Plastino
2015-10-14
We revisit the Fisher-Shannon representation plane ${\\mathcal H} \\times {\\mathcal F}$, evaluated using the Bandt and Pompe recipe to assign a probability distribution to a time series. Several stochastic dynamical (noises with $f^{-k}$, $k \\geq 0$, power spectrum) and chaotic processes (27 chaotic maps) are analyzed so as to illustrate the approach. Our main achievement is uncovering the informational properties of the planar location.
Electromagnetic Casimir Energies of Semi-Infinite Planes
Mohammad F. Maghrebi; Noah Graham
2011-02-08
Using recently developed techniques based on scattering theory, we find the electromagnetic Casimir energy for geometries involving semi-infinite planes, a case that is of particular interest in the design of microelectromechanical devices. We obtain both approximate analytic formulae and exact results requiring only modest numerical computation. Using these results, we analyze the effects of edges and orientation on the Casimir energy. We also demonstrate the accuracy, simplicity, and utility of our approximation scheme, which is based on a multiple reflection expansion.
Electromagnetic Casimir Energies of Semi-Infinite Planes
Maghrebi, Mohammad F
2011-01-01
Using recently developed techniques based on scattering theory, we find the electromagnetic Casimir energy for geometries involving semi-infinite planes, a case that is of particular interest in the design of microelectromechanical devices. We obtain both approximate analytic formulae and exact results requiring only modest numerical computation. Using these results, we analyze the effects of edges and orientation on the Casimir energy. We also demonstrate the accuracy, simplicity, and utility of our approximation scheme, which is based on a multiple reflection expansion.
Comments on Superstring Interactions in a Plane-Wave Background
John H. Schwarz
2002-09-03
The three string vertex for Type IIB superstrings in a maximally supersymmetric plane-wave background is investigated. Specifically, we derive a factorization theorem for the Neumann coefficients that generalizes a flat-space result that was obtained some 20 years ago. The resulting formula is used to explore the leading large mu asymptotic behavior, which is relevant for comparison with dual gauge theory results.
Colliding Axion-Dilaton Plane Waves from Black Holes
Patricia Schwarz
1997-08-01
The colliding plane wave metric discovered by Ferrari and Iba\\~{n}ez to be locally isometric to the interior of a Schwarzschild black hole is extended to the case of general axion-dilaton black holes. Because the transformation maps either black hole horizon to the focal plane of the colliding waves, this entire class of colliding plane wave spacetimes only suffers from the formation of spacetime singularities in the limits where the inner horizon itself is singular, which occur in the Schwarzschild and dilaton black hole limits. The supersymmetric limit corresponding to the extreme axion-dilaton black hole yields the Bertotti-Robinson metric with the axion and dilaton fields flowing to fixed constant values. The maximal analytic extension of this metric across the Cauchy horizon yields a spacetime in which two sandwich waves in a cylindrical universe collide to produce a semi-infinite chain of Reissner-Nordstrom-like wormholes. The focussing of particle and string geodesics in this spacetime is explored.
Acoustic plane wave preferential orientation of metal oxide superconducting materials
Tolt, Thomas L. (North Olmsted, OH); Poeppel, Roger B. (Glen Ellyn, IL)
1991-01-01
A polycrystalline metal oxide such as YBa.sub.2 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.7-X (where 0
Dehlsen (TRL 5 6 System) - Aquantis C-Plane Ocean Current Turbine...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Dehlsen (TRL 5 6 System) - Aquantis C-Plane Ocean Current Turbine Project Dehlsen (TRL 5 6 System) - Aquantis C-Plane Ocean Current Turbine Project Dehlsen (TRL 5 6 System) -...
2D-Modelling of pellet injection in the poloidal plane: results of numerical tests
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
2D-Modelling of pellet injection in the poloidal plane: results of numerical tests P. Lalousis developed for computing the expansion of pellet-produced clouds in the poloidal plane. The expansion
A hyperbola is the set of all points in a plane, the difference of whose ...
A hyperbola is the set of all points in a plane, the difference of whose distances from two fixed points (the foci) in the plane is a positive constant. The midpoint of
On the harmonic oscillator properties in a twisted Moyal plane
Ezinvi Baloitcha; Mahouton Norbert Hounkonnou; Dine Ousmane Samary
2012-03-25
This work prolongs, using an operator method, the investigations started in our recent paper J. Math. Phys. 51., 102108 on the spectrum and states of the harmonic oscillator on twisted Moyal plane, where rather a Moyal-star-algebraic approach was used. The physical spectrum and states of the harmonic oscillator on twisted Moyal space, obtained here by solving the corresponding differential equation, are similar to those of the ordinary Moyal space, with different parameters. This fortunately contrasts with the previous study which produced unexpected results, i.e. infinitely degenerate states with energies depending on the coordinate functions.
On the harmonic oscillator on the Lobachevsky plane
P. Stovicek; M. Tusek
2007-09-24
We introduce the harmonic oscillator on the Lobachevsky plane with the aid of the potential $V(r)=(a^2\\omega^2/4)sinh(r/a)^2$ where $a$ is the curvature radius and $r$ is the geodesic distance from a fixed center. Thus the potential is rotationally symmetric and unbounded likewise as in the Euclidean case. The eigenvalue equation leads to the differential equation of spheroidal functions. We provide a basic numerical analysis of eigenvalues and eigenfunctions in the case when the value of the angular momentum, $m$, equals 0.
Plane-Wave Propagation in Electromagnetic PQ Medium
Lindell, Ismo V
2015-01-01
Two basic classes of electromagnetic media, recently defined and labeled as those of P media and Q media, are generalized to define the class of PQ media. Plane wave propagation in the general PQ medium is studied and the quartic dispersion equation is derived in analytic form applying four-dimensional dyadic formalism. The result is verified by considering various special cases of PQ media for which the dispersion equation is known to decompose to two quadratic equations or be identically satisfied (media with no dispersion equation). As a numerical example, the dispersion surface of a PQ medium with non-decomposable dispersion equation is considered.
Creating A Galactic Plane Atlas With Amazon Web Services
Berriman, G Bruce; Good, John; Juve, Gideon; Kinney, Jamie; Merrihew, Ann; Rynge, Mats
2013-01-01
This paper describes by example how astronomers can use cloud-computing resources offered by Amazon Web Services (AWS) to create new datasets at scale. We have created from existing surveys an atlas of the Galactic Plane at 16 wavelengths from 1 {\\mu}m to 24 {\\mu}m with pixels co-registered at spatial sampling of 1 arcsec. We explain how open source tools support management and operation of a virtual cluster on AWS platforms to process data at scale, and describe the technical issues that users will need to consider, such as optimization of resources, resource costs, and management of virtual machine instances.
Focal-plane detector system for the KATRIN experiment
J. F. Amsbaugh; J. Barrett; A. Beglarian; T. Bergmann; H. Bichsel; L. I. Bodine; J. Bonn; N. M. Boyd; T. H. Burritt; Z. Chaoui; S. Chilingaryan; T. J. Corona; P. J. Doe; J. A. Dunmore; S. Enomoto; J. Fischer; J. A. Formaggio; F. M. Fränkle; D. Furse; H. Gemmeke; F. Glück; F. Harms; G. C. Harper; J. Hartmann; M. A. Howe; A. Kaboth; J. Kelsey; M. Knauer; A. Kopmann; M. L. Leber; E. L. Martin; K. J. Middleman; A. W. Myers; N. S. Oblath; D. S. Parno; D. A. Peterson; L. Petzold; D. G. Phillips II; P. Renschler; R. G. H. Robertson; J. Schwarz; M. Steidl; D. Tcherniakhovski; T. Thümmler; T. D. Van Wechel; B. A. VanDevender; S. Vöcking; B. L. Wall; K. L. Wierman; J. F. Wilkerson; S. Wüstling
2015-01-28
The focal-plane detector system for the KArlsruhe TRItium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment consists of a multi-pixel silicon p-i-n-diode array, custom readout electronics, two superconducting solenoid magnets, an ultra high-vacuum system, a high-vacuum system, calibration and monitoring devices, a scintillating veto, and a custom data-acquisition system. It is designed to detect the low-energy electrons selected by the KATRIN main spectrometer. We describe the system and summarize its performance after its final installation.
Focal plane array with modular pixel array components for scalability
Kay, Randolph R; Campbell, David V; Shinde, Subhash L; Rienstra, Jeffrey L; Serkland, Darwin K; Holmes, Michael L
2014-12-09
A modular, scalable focal plane array is provided as an array of integrated circuit dice, wherein each die includes a given amount of modular pixel array circuitry. The array of dice effectively multiplies the amount of modular pixel array circuitry to produce a larger pixel array without increasing die size. Desired pixel pitch across the enlarged pixel array is preserved by forming die stacks with each pixel array circuitry die stacked on a separate die that contains the corresponding signal processing circuitry. Techniques for die stack interconnections and die stack placement are implemented to ensure that the desired pixel pitch is preserved across the enlarged pixel array.
MHK Technologies/WavePlane | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050Enermar <OMISPower Desalination <WaterWavePlane
A Long Step Cutting Plane Algorithm That Uses the Volumetric Barrier 1 Srinivasan Ramaswamy
Mitchell, John E.
A Long Step Cutting Plane Algorithm That Uses the Volumetric Barrier 1 Srinivasan Ramaswamy ramasscutting plane long step methods based on the volumetric barrier, but it is however worse than Vaidya's original. This has a complexity of O(n 1.5 Lp log p) quasi Newton steps. Key words: Cutting plane, volumetric center
A Long Step Cutting Plane Algorithm That Uses the Volumetric Barrier 1 Srinivasan Ramaswamy
Mitchell, John E.
A Long Step Cutting Plane Algorithm That Uses the Volumetric Barrier 1 Srinivasan Ramaswamy ramass. This has a complexity of O(n1.5 Lp log p) quasi Newton steps. Key words: Cutting plane, volumetric center] or ellipsoid [19] and the volumetric center [20]. Since m n , it would be preferable to use a cutting plane
Lorenzo Iorio
2014-09-12
We analytically compute the long-term orbital variations of a test particle orbiting a central body acted upon by an incident monochromatic plane gravitational wave. We assume that the characteristic size of the perturbed two-body system is much smaller than the wavelength of the wave. Moreover, we also suppose that the wave's frequency is much smaller than the particle's orbital one. We make neither a priori assumptions about the direction of the wavevector nor on the orbital geometry of the planet. We find that, while the semi-major axis is left unaffected, the eccentricity, the inclination, the longitude of the ascending node, the longitude of pericenter and the mean anomaly undergo non-vanishing long-term changes. They are not secular trends because of the slow modulation introduced by the tidal matrix coefficients and by the orbital elements themselves. They could be useful to indepenedently constrain the ultra-low frequency waves which may have been indirectly detected in the BICEP2 experiment. Our calculation holds, in general, for any gravitationally bound two-body system whose characteristic frequency is much larger than the frequency of the external wave. It is also valid for a generic perturbation of tidal type with constant coefficients over timescales of the order of the orbital period of the perturbed particle.
The method of planes pressure tensor for a spherical subvolume
Heyes, D. M., E-mail: d.heyes@imperial.ac.uk; Smith, E. R., E-mail: edward.smith05@imperial.ac.uk; Dini, D., E-mail: d.dini@imperial.ac.uk; Zaki, T. A., E-mail: t.zaki@imperial.ac.uk [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)
2014-02-07
Various formulas for the local pressure tensor based on a spherical subvolume of radius, R, are considered. An extension of the Method of Planes (MOP) formula of Todd et al. [Phys. Rev. E 52, 1627 (1995)] for a spherical geometry is derived using the recently proposed Control Volume formulation [E. R. Smith, D. M. Heyes, D. Dini, and T. A. Zaki, Phys. Rev. E 85, 056705 (2012)]. The MOP formula for the purely radial component of the pressure tensor is shown to be mathematically identical to the Radial Irving-Kirkwood formula. Novel offdiagonal elements which are important for momentum conservation emerge naturally from this treatment. The local pressure tensor formulas for a plane are shown to be the large radius limits of those for spherical surfaces. The radial-dependence of the pressure tensor computed by Molecular Dynamics simulation is reported for virtual spheres in a model bulk liquid where the sphere is positioned randomly or whose center is also that of a molecule in the liquid. The probability distributions of angles relating to pairs of atoms which cross the surface of the sphere, and the center of the sphere, are presented as a function of R. The variance in the shear stress calculated from the spherical Volume Averaging method is shown to converge slowly to the limiting values with increasing radius, and to be a strong function of the number of molecules in the simulation cell.
The focal plane instrumentation for the DUNE mission
Booth, Jeff; Eisenhauer, Frank; Refregier, Alexandre
2008-01-01
DUNE (Dark Universe Explorer) is a proposed mission to measure parameters of dark energy using weak gravitational lensing The particular challenges of both optical and infrared focal planes and the DUNE baseline solution is discussed. The DUNE visible Focal Plane Array (VFP) consists of 36 large format red-sensitive CCDs, arranged in a 9x4 array together with the associated mechanical support structure and electronics processing chains. Four additional CCDs dedicated to attitude control measurements are located at the edge of the array. All CCDs are 4096 pixel red-enhanced e2v CCD203-82 devices with square 12 $\\mu$m pixels, operating from 550-920nm. Combining four rows of CCDs provides a total exposure time of 1500s. The VFP will be used in a closed-loop system by the spacecraft, which operates in a drift scan mode, in order to synchronize the scan and readout rates. The Near Infrared (NIR) FPA consists of a 5 x 12 mosaic of 60 Hawaii 2RG detector arrays from Teledyne, NIR bandpass filters for the wavelength ...
Herschel Galactic plane survey of [NII] fine structure emission
Goldsmith, Paul F; Langer, William D; Pineda, Jorge L
2015-01-01
We present the first large scale high angular resolution survey of ionized nitrogen in the Galactic Plane through emission of its two fine structure transitions ([NII]) at 122 $\\mu$m and 205 $\\mu$m. The observations were largely obtained with the PACS instrument onboard the Herschel Space Observatory. The lines-of-sight were in the Galactic plane, following those of the Herschel OTKP project GOT C+. Both lines are reliably detected at the 10$^{-8}$ - 10$^{-7}$ $W$m$^{-2}$sr$^{-1}$ level over the range -60$^{o}$ $\\leq$ $l$ $\\leq$ 60$^{o}$. The $rms$ of the intensity among the 25 PACS spaxels of a given pointing is typically less than one third of the mean intensity, showing that the emission is extended. [NII] is produced in gas in which hydrogen is ionized, and collisional excitation is by electrons. The ratio of the two fine structure transitions provides a direct measurement of the electron density, yielding $n(e)$ largely in the range 10 to 50 cm$^{-3}$ with an average value of 29 cm$^{-3}$ and N$^+$ colum...
Measure Guideline: Guidance on Taped Insulating Sheathing Drainage Planes
Grin, A.; Lstiburek, J.
2014-09-01
This guide provides information and recommendations to the following groups: insulation contractors; general contractors; builders; home remodelers; mechanical contractors; and homeowners, as a guide to the work that needs to be done. The order of work completed during home construction and retrofit improvements is important. Health and safety issues must be addressed first and are more important than durability issues. And durability issues are more important than saving energy. Not all techniques can apply to all houses. Special conditions will require special action. Some builders or homeowners will wish to do more than the important but basic retrofit strategies outlined by this guide. The following are best practice and product recommendations from the interviewed contractors and homebuilders who collectively have a vast amount of experience. Three significant items were discussed with the group which are required to make taped insulating sheathing a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane: 1. Horizontal joints should be limited or eliminated wherever possible; 2. Where a horizontal joint exists use superior materials; 3. Frequent installation inspection and regular trade training are required to maintain proper installation. Section 5 of this measure guideline contains the detailed construction procedure for the three recommended methods to effectively seal the joints in exterior insulating sheathing to create a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane.
Effect of Bubbles on Liquid Nitrogen Breakdown in Plane-Plane Electrode Geometry From 100-250 kPa
Sauers, Isidor [ORNL; James, David Randy [ORNL; Tuncer, Enis [ORNL; Polyzos, Georgios [ORNL; Pace, Marshall O [ORNL
2011-01-01
Liquid nitrogen (LN(2)) is used as the cryogen and dielectric for many high temperature superconducting, high voltage applications. When a quench in the superconductor occurs, bubbles are generated which can affect the dielectric breakdown properties of the LN(2). Experiments were performed using plane-plane electrode geometry where bubbles were introduced into the gap through a pinhole in the ground electrode. Bubbles were generated using one or more kapton heaters producing heater powers up to 30 W. Pressure was varied from 100-250 kPa. Breakdown strength was found to be relatively constant up to a given heater power and pressure at which the breakdown strength drops to a low value depending on the pressure. After the drop the breakdown strength continues to drop gradually at higher heater power. This is particularly illustrated at 100 kPa. After the drop in breakdown strength the breakdown is believed to be due to the formation of a vapor bridge. Also the heater power at which the breakdown strength changes from that of LN(2) to that of gaseous nitrogen increases with increasing pressure. The data can provide design constraints for high temperature superconducting fault current limiters (FCLs) so that the formation of a vapor bridge can be suppressed or avoided.
Blocked impurity band hybrid infrared focal plane arrays for astronomy
Reynolds, D.B.; Seib, D.H.; Stetson, S.B.; Herter, T.; Rowlands, N.; Schoenwald, J.
1989-02-01
High-performance infrared hybrid focal plane arrays using 10 x 50 element Si:As Blocked-Impurity-Band (BIB) detectors (cut-off wavelength = 28 ..mu..m) and matching switched MOSFET multiplexers have been developed and characterized for space astronomy. Use of impurity band conduction technology provides detectors which are nuclear radiation hard and free of the many anomalies associated with conventional silicon photoconductive detectors. Emphasis in this paper is on recent advances in detector material quality which have led to significantly improved detector and hybrid characteristics. Results demonstrating increase quantum efficiency (particular at short wavelength infrared), obtained by varying the Blocked-Impurity-Band detector properties (infrared active layer thickness and arsenic doping profile), are summarized. Read noise and dark current for different temperatures have been measured and are also described. The hybrid array performance achieved clearly demonstrates that BIB detectors are well suited for use in astronomical instrumentation.
Planck 2015 results. XII. Full Focal Plane simulations
Ade, P A R; Arnaud, M; Ashdown, M; Aumont, J; Baccigalupi, C; Banday, A J; Barreiro, R B; Bartlett, J G; Bartolo, N; Battaner, E; Benabed, K; Beno\\^\\it, A; Benoit-Lévy, A; Bernard, J -P; Bersanelli, M; Bielewicz, P; Bock, J J; Bonaldi, A; Bonavera, L; Bond, J R; Borrill, J; Bouchet, F R; Boulanger, F; Bucher, M; Burigana, C; Butler, R C; Calabrese, E; Cardoso, J -F; Castex, G; Catalano, A; Challinor, A; Chamballu, A; Chiang, H C; Christensen, P R; Clements, D L; Colombi, S; Colombo, L P L; Combet, C; Couchot, F; Coulais, A; Crill, B P; Curto, A; Cuttaia, F; Danese, L; Davies, R D; Davis, R J; de Bernardis, P; de Rosa, A; de Zotti, G; Delabrouille, J; Delouis, J -M; Désert, F -X; Dickinson, C; Diego, J M; Dolag, K; Dole, H; Donzelli, S; Doré, O; Douspis, M; Ducout, A; Dupac, X; Efstathiou, G; Elsner, F; Enßlin, T A; Eriksen, H K; Fergusson, J; Finelli, F; Forni, O; Frailis, M; Fraisse, A A; Franceschi, E; Frejsel, A; Galeotta, S; Galli, S; Ganga, K; Ghosh, T; Giard, M; Giraud-Héraud, Y; Gjerløw, E; González-Nuevo, J; Górski, K M; Gratton, S; Gregorio, A; Gruppuso, A; Gudmundsson, J E; Hansen, F K; Hanson, D; Harrison, D L; Henrot-Versillé, S; Hernández-Monteagudo, C; Herranz, D; Hildebrandt, S R; Hivon, E; Hobson, M; Holmes, W A; Hornstrup, A; Hovest, W; Huffenberger, K M; Hurier, G; Jaffe, A H; Jaffe, T R; Jones, W C; Juvela, M; Karakci, A; Keihänen, E; Keskitalo, R; Kiiveri, K; Kisner, T S; Kneissl, R; Knoche, J; Kunz, M; Kurki-Suonio, H; Lagache, G; Lamarre, J -M; Lasenby, A; Lattanzi, M; Lawrence, C R; Leonardi, R; Lesgourgues, J; Levrier, F; Liguori, M; Lilje, P B; Linden-Vørnle, M; Lindholm, V; López-Caniego, M; Lubin, P M; Mac\\'\\ias-Pérez, J F; Maggio, G; Maino, D; Mandolesi, N; Mangilli, A; Maris, M; Martin, P G; Mart\\'\\inez-González, E; Masi, S; Matarrese, S; McGehee, P; Meinhold, P R; Melchiorri, A; Melin, J -B; Mendes, L; Mennella, A; Migliaccio, M; Mitra, S; Miville-Deschênes, M -A; Moneti, A; Montier, L; Morgante, G; Mortlock, D; Moss, A; Munshi, D; Murphy, J A; Naselsky, P; Nati, F; Natoli, P; Netterfield, C B; Nørgaard-Nielsen, H U; Noviello, F; Novikov, D; Novikov, I; Oxborrow, C A; Paci, F; Pagano, L; Pajot, F; Paoletti, D; Pasian, F; Patanchon, G; Pearson, T J; Perdereau, O; Perotto, L; Perrotta, F; Pettorino, V; Piacentini, F; Piat, M; Pierpaoli, E; Pietrobon, D; Plaszczynski, S; Pointecouteau, E; Polenta, G; Pratt, G W; Prézeau, G; Prunet, S; Puget, J -L; Rachen, J P; Rebolo, R; Reinecke, M; Remazeilles, M; Renault, C; Renzi, A; Ristorcelli, I; Rocha, G; Roman, M; Rosset, C; Rossetti, M; Roudier, G; Rubiño-Martín, J A; Rusholme, B; Sandri, M; Santos, D; Savelainen, M; Scott, D; Seiffert, M D; Shellard, E P S; Spencer, L D; Stolyarov, V; Stompor, R; Sudiwala, R; Sutton, D; Suur-Uski, A -S; Sygnet, J -F; Tauber, J A; Terenzi, L; Toffolatti, L; Tomasi, M; Tristram, M; Tucci, M; Tuovinen, J; Valenziano, L; Valiviita, J; Van Tent, B; Vielva, P; Villa, F; Wade, L A; Wandelt, B D; Wehus, I K; Welikala, N; Yvon, D; Zacchei, A; Zonca, A
2015-01-01
We present the 8th Full Focal Plane simulation set (FFP8), deployed in support of the Planck 2015 results. FFP8 consists of 10 fiducial mission realizations reduced to 18144 maps, together with the most massive suite of Monte Carlo realizations of instrument noise and CMB ever generated, comprising $10^4$ mission realizations reduced to about $10^6$ maps. The resulting maps incorporate the dominant instrumental, scanning, and data analysis effects; remaining subdominant effects will be included in future updates. Generated at a cost of some 25 million CPU-hours spread across multiple high-performance-computing (HPC) platforms, FFP8 is used for the validation and verification of analysis algorithms, as well as their implementations, and for removing biases from and quantifying uncertainties in the results of analyses of the real data.
The focal plane instrumentation for the DUNE mission
Jeff Booth; Mark Cropper; Frank Eisenhauer; Alexandre Refregier; the DUNE collaboration
2008-07-25
DUNE (Dark Universe Explorer) is a proposed mission to measure parameters of dark energy using weak gravitational lensing The particular challenges of both optical and infrared focal planes and the DUNE baseline solution is discussed. The DUNE visible Focal Plane Array (VFP) consists of 36 large format red-sensitive CCDs, arranged in a 9x4 array together with the associated mechanical support structure and electronics processing chains. Four additional CCDs dedicated to attitude control measurements are located at the edge of the array. All CCDs are 4096 pixel red-enhanced e2v CCD203-82 devices with square 12 $\\mu$m pixels, operating from 550-920nm. Combining four rows of CCDs provides a total exposure time of 1500s. The VFP will be used in a closed-loop system by the spacecraft, which operates in a drift scan mode, in order to synchronize the scan and readout rates. The Near Infrared (NIR) FPA consists of a 5 x 12 mosaic of 60 Hawaii 2RG detector arrays from Teledyne, NIR bandpass filters for the wavelength bands Y, J, and H, the mechanical support structure, and the detector readout and signal processing electronics. The FPA is operated at a maximum temperature of 140 K for low dark current of 0.02e$-$/s. Each sensor chip assembly has 2048 x 2048 square pixels of 18 $\\mu$m size (0.15 arcsec), sensitive in the 0.8 to 1.7 $\\mu$m wavelength range. As the spacecraft is scanning the sky, the image motion on the NIR FPA is stabilized by a de-scanning mirror during the integration time of 300 s per detector. The total integration time of 1500 seconds is split among the three NIR wavelengths bands. DUNE has been proposed to ESA's Cosmic Vision program and has been jointly selected with SPACE for an ESA Assessment Phase which has led to the joint Euclid mission concept.
Christoph Fritsch; Thomas Buchert
1999-03-10
We discuss implications of the fundamental plane parameters of clusters of galaxies derived from combined optical and X-ray data of a sample of 78 nearby clusters. In particular, we investigate the dependence of these parameters on the dynamical state of the cluster. We introduce a new concept of allocation of the fundamental plane of clusters derived from their intrinsic morphological properties, and put some theoretical implications of the existence of a fundamental plane into perspective.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
HOUGH-TRANSFORM AND EXTENDED RANSAC ALGORITHMS FOR AUTOMATIC DETECTION OF 3D BUILDING ROOF PLANES reconstruction methods, the techniques allowing the detection of 3D building roof planes are of crucial even if this plane does not always represent a roof plane. So the proposed extension allows harmonizing
Harnessing the Power of the Sun, Solar Impulse Plane Lands in DC Area
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Today, Secretary Moniz spoke at an event welcoming the arrival of the solar-powered Solar Impulse plane at Dulles International Airport near Washington, D.C.
Plane waves in quantum gravity: breakdown of the classical spacetime
Guillermo A. Mena Marugan; Manuel Montejo
2000-01-11
Starting with the Hamiltonian formulation for spacetimes with two commuting spacelike Killing vectors, we construct a midisuperspace model for linearly polarized plane waves in vacuum gravity. This model has no constraints and its degrees of freedom can be interpreted as an infinite and continuous set of annihilation and creation like variables. We also consider a simplified version of the model, in which the number of modes is restricted to a discrete set. In both cases, the quantization is achieved by introducing a Fock representation. We find regularized operators to represent the metric and discuss whether the coherent states of the quantum theory are peaked around classical spacetimes. It is shown that, although the expectation value of the metric on Killing orbits coincides with a classical solution, its relative fluctuations become significant when one approaches a region where null geodesics are focused. In that region, the spacetimes described by coherent states fail to admit an approximate classical description. This result applies as well to the vacuum of the theory.
Matsui, Hiroaki, E-mail: hiroaki@ee.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Tabata, Hitoshi [Department of Bioengineering, The University of Tokyo, 1-3-7 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, The University of Tokyo, 1-3-7 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Hasuike, Noriyuki; Harima, Hiroshi [Department of Electronics and Information Science, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8585 (Japan)
2014-09-21
In-plane anisotropic strains in A-plane layers on the electronic band structure of ZnO were investigated from the viewpoint of optical polarization anisotropy. Investigations utilizing k·p perturbation theory revealed that energy transitions and associated oscillation strengths were dependent on in-plane strains. The theoretical correlation between optical polarizations and in-plane strains was experimentally demonstrated using A-plane ZnO layers with different in-plane strains. Finally, optical polarization anisotropy and its implications for in-plane optical properties are discussed in relation to the energy shift between two orthogonal directions. Higher polarization rotations were obtained in an A-plane ZnO layer with in-plane biaxially compressive strains as compared to strain-free ZnO. This study provides detailed information concerning the role played by in-plane strains in optically polarized applications based on nonpolar ZnO in the ultra-violet region.
Wireless Monitoring of Railway Embankments
Dantal, Vishal S.
2010-07-14
catastrophic damages. Soil moisture and movement of the soil mass are prime indicators of potential shallow slide movements. This assessment of wireless instruments considers a variety of devices ranging from devices for monitoring tilt and moisture at specific...
A plane stress anisotropic plastic flow theory for orthotropic sheet metals
Tong, Wei
A plane stress anisotropic plastic flow theory for orthotropic sheet metals Wei Tong * Department for describing the anisotropic plastic flow of ortho- tropic polycrystalline aluminum sheet metals under plane anisotropic material functions to specify a flow potential, an associated flow rule of plastic strain rates
On the energy transported by exact plane gravitational-wave solutions
Yuri N. Obukhov; J. G. Pereira; Guillermo F. Rubilar
2009-09-24
The energy and momentum transported by exact plane gravitational-wave solutions of Einstein equations are computed using the teleparallel equivalent formulation of Einstein's theory. It is shown that these waves transport neither energy nor momentum. A comparison with the usual linear plane gravitational-waves solution of the linearized Einstein equation is presented.
Liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields Ji Woong Park,1
Wu, Shin-Tson
a wide viewing angle. The lower operation voltage helps to reduce power consumption and heat dissipationLiquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields Ji Woong Park,1 Young Joo August 2008 A high performance liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane horizontal
Directional dependence of nonlinear surface acoustic waves in the (001) plane of cubic crystals
Directional dependence of nonlinear surface acoustic waves in the (001) plane of cubic crystals R surface acoustic waves in the 001 plane of a variety of nonpiezoelectric cubic crystals. The basic theory the theory for nonlinear Rayleigh waves in iso- tropic media, the theory for nonlinear surface acoustic waves
Under consideration for publication in J. Fluid Mech. 1 Heteroclinic connections in plane Couette
Cvitanovc', Predrag
and periodic and relative periodic solutions, that are distinct from the laminar solution. This article reports significantly along a heteroclinic connection. 1. Introduction In plane Couette flow, the fluid between two is not the loss of linear stability of laminar flow, which never happens in plane Couette flow, but the existence
Buoyancy storms in a zonal stream on the polar beta-plane: Experiments with altimetry
Afanassiev, Iakov
circulation at the latitudes where this heating occurs contains a jet stream, the eastward zonal flowBuoyancy storms in a zonal stream on the polar beta-plane: Experiments with altimetry Y. Sui and Y in a zonal stream on the polar beta-plane: Experiments with altimetry Y. Sui and Y. D. Afanasyeva) Memorial
In-Plane Fracture Resistance of a Crossply Fibrous Monolith John C. McNulty,*,
Zok, Frank
In-Plane Fracture Resistance of a Crossply Fibrous Monolith John C. McNulty,*, Matthew R. Begley; and Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 The in-plane fracture of fiber pullout following fiber fracture. The mechanical response is modeled using a crack
Through-Plane Water Transport Visualization in a PEMFC by Visible and Infrared Imaging
Kandlikar, Satish
Through-Plane Water Transport Visualization in a PEMFC by Visible and Infrared Imaging M. M. Daino and thermal profile in the through-plane direction of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) gas membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) is widely studied due to its impact on performance.14 A variety of imaging
A RIEMANN MAPPING THEOREM FOR TWO-CONNECTED DOMAINS IN THE PLANE
in the plane, such that neither boundary component is a point, to a representative domain of the form Ar = {z] that any two-connected domain in the plane such that neither boundary component is a point can be mapped [B6]). It is proved in [B3] that neither the Bergman nor Szego kernel can be rational in a two
RIGID FLAT WEBS ON THE PROJECTIVE PLANE DAVID MARIN AND JORGE VITORIO PEREIRA
Pereira, Jorge Vitório
RIGID FLAT WEBS ON THE PROJECTIVE PLANE DAVID MAR´IN AND JORGE VIT´ORIO PEREIRA Abstract. This paper studies global webs on the projective plane with van- ishing curvature. The study is based show that the Legendre transform of what we call reduced convex foliations are webs with zero cur
Nathan E. Bunderson Barton L. Smith Passive mixing control of plane parallel jets
Smith, Barton L.
ORIGINALS Nathan E. Bunderson Æ Barton L. Smith Passive mixing control of plane parallel jets Springer-Verlag 2005 Abstract An experimental study on the mixing of two plane, unventilated, parallel jets reveals an instability characterized by sinuous ``flapping'' of the jets and en- hanced mixing of the jets
Density dependence of symmetry energy and collective transverse in-plane flow
Sakshi Gautam; Aman D. Sood; Rajeev K. Puri; J. Aichelin
2011-12-13
We study the sensitivity of the collective transverse in-plane flow to the symmetry energy and its density dependence at Fermi energies and higher incident energies. We find that collective transverse in-plane flow is sensitive to the symmetry energy and its density dependence at Fermi energies whereas it shows insensitivity at higher incident energies.
Wei, Q.; Dalvit, D. A. R.; Lombardo, F. C.; Mazzitelli, F. D.; Onofrio, R.
2010-05-15
We report on measurements performed on an apparatus aimed to study the Casimir force in the cylinder-plane configuration. The electrostatic calibrations evidence anomalous behaviors in the dependence of the electrostatic force and the minimizing potential upon distance. We discuss analogies and differences of these anomalies with respect to those already observed in the sphere-plane configuration. At the smallest explored distances we observe frequency shifts of non-Coulombian nature preventing the measurement of the Casimir force in the same range. We also report on measurements performed in the parallel-plane configuration, showing that the dependence on distance of the minimizing potential, if present at all, is milder than in the sphere-plane or cylinder-plane geometries. General considerations on the interplay between the distance-dependent minimizing potential and the precision of Casimir force measurements in the range relevant to detect the thermal corrections for all geometries are finally reported.
System and method for generating a deselect mapping for a focal plane array
Bixler, Jay V; Brandt, Timothy G; Conger, James L; Lawson, Janice K
2013-05-21
A method for generating a deselect mapping for a focal plane array according to one embodiment includes gathering a data set for a focal plane array when exposed to light or radiation from a first known target; analyzing the data set for determining which pixels or subpixels of the focal plane array to add to a deselect mapping; adding the pixels or subpixels to the deselect mapping based on the analysis; and storing the deselect mapping. A method for gathering data using a focal plane array according to another embodiment includes deselecting pixels or subpixels based on a deselect mapping; gathering a data set using pixels or subpixels in a focal plane array that are not deselected upon exposure thereof to light or radiation from a target of interest; and outputting the data set.
IN-PLANE MODAL TESTING OF A FREE ISOTROPIC PLATE USING LASER DOPPLER VIBROMETER MEASUREMENTS
Batista, F. B.; Fabro, A. T.; Coser, L. F.; Arruda, J. R. F. [Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Campinas, Campinas, SP 13083-970 (Brazil); Albuquerque, E. L. [Technological Faculty, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, DF 70910-900 (Brazil)
2010-05-28
In this work an experimental procedure is proposed to obtain the lowest free in-plane vibration modes of an aluminum plate. Responses are measured along two longitudinal directions on the plate surface at selected points by an out-of-plane laser Doppler vibrometer set up to measure in-plane vibrations. Excitation is made at one specific point of the plate edge using a light impact hammer. The plate is supported by silicone spheres to simulate the free edge boundary conditions and ensure a stable stationary position in order to keep the laser focus distance. Numerical finite element simulations are carried out to compute the in-plane modes and frequencies in order to compare them with the corresponding experimental results. The identified experimental modes agree very well with the numerical predictions. The smooth in-plane modes can be used to identify the plate material constitutive model parameters using existing methods proposed elsewhere by the authors.
Clark, Shirley E.
INCLINED PLATE SETTLERS TO TREAT STORMWATER SOLIDS Christopher D. Roenning1, Kelly A Steele2. Introduction Sedimentation preferred treatment method for removing solids from stormwater runoff, either with solids in stormwater of a particular size (Figure 1: pollutant load vs. particle size). Stokes' Law
Colorful plane vortices and Chiral Symmetry Breaking in $SU(2)$ Lattice Gauge Theory
Seyed Mohsen Hosseini Nejad; Manfried Faber; Roman Höllwieser
2015-08-11
We investigate plane vortices with color structure. The topological charge and gauge action of such colorful plane vortices are studied in the continuum and on the lattice. These configurations are vacuum to vacuum transitions changing the winding number between the two vacua, leading to a topological charge $Q=-1$ in the continuum. After growing temporal extent of these vortices, the lattice topological charge approaches $-1$ and the index theorem is fulfilled. We analyze the low lying modes of the overlap Dirac operator in the background of these colorful plane vortices and compare them with those of spherical vortices. They show characteristic properties for spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking.
Colorful plane vortices and Chiral Symmetry Breaking in $SU(2)$ Lattice Gauge Theory
Seyed Mohsen Hosseini Nejad; Manfried Faber; Roman Höllwieser
2015-08-05
We investigate plane vortices with color structure. The topological charge and gauge action of such colorful plane vortices are studied in the continuum and on the lattice. These configurations are vacuum to vacuum transitions changing the winding number between the two vacua, leading to a topological charge $Q=-1$ in the continuum. After growing temporal extent of these vortices, the lattice topological charge approaches $-1$ and the index theorem is fulfilled. We analyze the low lying modes of the overlap Dirac operator in the background of these colorful plane vortices and compare them with those of spherical vortices. They show characteristic properties for spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking.
Colorful plane vortices and Chiral Symmetry Breaking in $SU(2)$ Lattice Gauge Theory
Seyed Mohsen Hosseini Nejad; Manfried Faber; Roman Höllwieser
2015-09-25
We investigate plane vortices with color structure. The topological charge and gauge action of such colorful plane vortices are studied in the continuum and on the lattice. These configurations are vacuum to vacuum transitions changing the winding number between the two vacua, leading to a topological charge $Q=-1$ in the continuum. After growing temporal extent of these vortices, the lattice topological charge approaches $-1$ and the index theorem is fulfilled. We analyze the low lying modes of the overlap Dirac operator in the background of these colorful plane vortices and compare them with those of spherical vortices. They show characteristic properties for spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking.
High gas prices. Road construction. Plane delays. Traffic jams. Fuel emission.
Bustamante, Fabián E.
1 High gas prices. Road construction. Plane delays. Traffic jams. Fuel emission. Millions of people interdisciplin- ary nature--focusing on economics, engineering and public policy--presents real-life situations
Classification of power quality disturbances using time-frequency ambiguity plane and
Mamishev, Alexander
shows promise for further development of a fully automated power quality monitoring system equipment places increasingly more stringent demands on the quality of electric power suppliedClassification of power quality disturbances using time-frequency ambiguity plane and neural
Ruane, Garreth J; Huby, Elsa; Mawet, Dimitri; Delacroix, Christian; Carlomagno, Brunella; Piron, Pierre; Swartzlander, Grover A
2015-01-01
We present methods for optimizing pupil and focal plane optical elements that improve the performance of vortex coronagraphs on telescopes with obstructed or segmented apertures. Phase-only and complex masks are designed for the entrance pupil, focal plane, and the plane of the Lyot stop. Optimal masks are obtained using both analytical and numerical methods. The latter makes use of an iterative error reduction algorithm to calculate "correcting" optics that mitigate unwanted diffraction from aperture obstructions. We analyze the achieved performance in terms of starlight suppression, contrast, off-axis image quality, and chromatic dependence. Manufacturing considerations and sensitivity to aberrations are also discussed. This work provides a path to joint optimization of multiple coronagraph planes to maximize sensitivity to exoplanets and other faint companions.
Response of a grooved plate subjected to out-of-plane contact loading
Bastien, Christopher J
2008-01-01
The response of a grooved plate subjected to out-of-plane contact loading is examined. The influence of selected geometric and loading parameters are investigated, as well as the effects of various boundary conditions. The ...
Development of criteria for fatigue repairs in bridge girders damaged by out-of-plane distortion
Wilson, Scott David
1994-01-01
Numerous highway bridge girders across the United States have experienced fatigue cracking due to repetitive out-of-plane distortion at unstiffened web gaps caused by poorly designed diaphragm connection details. Due to ...
The Gini Coefficient as a Morphological Measurement of Strongly Lensed Galaxies in the Image Plane
Florian, Michael K; Gladders, Michael D
2015-01-01
Characterization of the morphology of strongly lensed galaxies is challenging because images of such galaxies are typically highly distorted. Lens modeling and source plane reconstruction is one approach that can provide reasonably undistorted images on which morphological measurements can be made, although at the expense of a highly spatially variable telescope PSF when mapped back to the source plane. Unfortunately, modeling the lensing mass is a time and resource intensive process, and in many cases there are too few constraints to precisely model the lensing mass. If, however, useful morphological measurements could be made in the image plane rather than the source plane, it would bypass this issue and obviate the need for a source reconstruction process. We examine the use of the Gini coefficient as one such measurement. Because it depends on the cumulative distribution of the light of a galaxy, but not the relative spatial positions, the fact that surface brightness is conserved by lensing means that th...
A parabola is the set of all points in a plane equidistant from a fixed ...
MA 154 Lesson 25 Delworth. Section 11.2 Parabolas. A parabola is the set of all points in a plane equidistant from a fixed point F (the focus) and a fixed line l ...
Parker, Alex H.; Holman, Matthew J.; McLeod, Brian A.; Buie, Marc W.; Borncamp, David M.; Spencer, John R.; Stern, S. Alan; Osip, David J.; Gwyn, Stephen D. J.; Fabbro, Sebastian; Kavelaars, J. J.; Benecchi, Susan D.; Sheppard, Scott S.; Binzel, Richard P.; DeMeo, Francesca E.; Fuentes, Cesar I.; Trilling, David E.; Gay, Pamela L.; Petit, Jean-Marc; Tholen, David J.; and others
2013-04-15
We present the discovery of a long-term stable L5 (trailing) Neptune Trojan in data acquired to search for candidate trans-Neptunian objects for the New Horizons spacecraft to fly by during an extended post-Pluto mission. This Neptune Trojan, 2011 HM{sub 102}, has the highest inclination (29. Degree-Sign 4) of any known member of this population. It is intrinsically brighter than any single L5 Jupiter Trojan at H{sub V} {approx} 8.18. We have determined its gri colors (a first for any L5 Neptune Trojan), which we find to be similar to the moderately red colors of the L4 Neptune Trojans, suggesting similar surface properties for members of both Trojan clouds. We also present colors derived from archival data for two L4 Neptune Trojans (2006 RJ{sub 103} and 2007 VL{sub 305}), better refining the overall color distribution of the population. In this document we describe the discovery circumstances, our physical characterization of 2011 HM{sub 102}, and this object's implications for the Neptune Trojan population overall. Finally, we discuss the prospects for detecting 2011 HM{sub 102} from the New Horizons spacecraft during its close approach in mid- to late-2013.
Lotsari, A.; Kehagias, Th.; Katsikini, M.; Arvanitidis, J.; Ves, S.; Komninou, Ph.; Dimitrakopulos, G. P.; Tsiakatouras, G.; Tsagaraki, K.; Georgakilas, A.; Christofilos, D.
2014-06-07
Heteroepitaxial non-polar III-Nitride layers may exhibit extensive anisotropy in the surface morphology and the epilayer microstructure along distinct in-plane directions. The structural anisotropy, evidenced by the “M”-shape dependence of the (112{sup ¯}0) x-ray rocking curve widths on the beam azimuth angle, was studied by combining transmission electron microscopy observations, Raman spectroscopy, high resolution x-ray diffraction, and atomic force microscopy in a-plane GaN epilayers grown on r-plane sapphire substrates by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy (PAMBE). The structural anisotropic behavior was attributed quantitatively to the high dislocation densities, particularly the Frank-Shockley partial dislocations that delimit the I{sub 1} intrinsic basal stacking faults, and to the concomitant plastic strain relaxation. On the other hand, isotropic samples exhibited lower dislocation densities and a biaxial residual stress state. For PAMBE growth, the anisotropy was correlated to N-rich (or Ga-poor) conditions on the surface during growth, that result in formation of asymmetric a-plane GaN grains elongated along the c-axis. Such conditions enhance the anisotropy of gallium diffusion on the surface and reduce the GaN nucleation rate.
On the observation of multiple volume reflection from different planes inside one bent crystal
Guidi, Vincenzo; Mazzolari, Andrea; Tikhomirov, Victor
2010-06-15
An interpretation of the first experiment on the observation of 400 GeV proton multiple volume reflection from different skew planes of one bent crystal (MVROC) is given. The possibilities of experimental observation of MVROC at lower particle energies are demonstrated. New features of the effect of particle capture into the channeling regime by bent skew planes are revealed as well as optimal choice of main crystal axis, crystal thickness, and beam orientation with respect to the crystal is discussed.
Measurement and modeling of solar irradiance components on horizontal and tilted planes
Padovan, Andrea; Col, Davide del
2010-12-15
In this work new measurements of global and diffuse solar irradiance on the horizontal plane and global irradiance on planes tilted at 20 and 30 oriented due South and at 45 and 65 oriented due East are used to discuss the modeling of solar radiation. Irradiance data are collected in Padova (45.4 N, 11.9 E, 12 m above sea level), Italy. Some diffuse fraction correlations have been selected to model the hourly diffuse radiation on the horizontal plane. The comparison with the present experimental data shows that their prediction accuracy strongly depends on the sky characteristics. The hourly irradiance measurements taken on the tilted planes are compared with the estimations given by one isotropic and three anisotropic transposition models. The use of an anisotropic model, based on a physical description of the diffuse radiation, provides a much better accuracy, especially when measurements of the diffuse irradiance on the horizontal plane are not available and thus transposition models have to be applied in combination with a diffuse fraction correlation. This is particularly significant for the planes oriented away from South. (author)
Songjun, Hou; Zhi, Zeng
2015-01-01
The infuence of hydrogen on the generalized stacking fault (GSF) energy of the basal plane along the and directions in the hcp Zr were investigated by using the first-principles calculation method. The modification of the GSF energy were studied with respect to the different distances of H atoms away from the slip plane and hydrogen content there. The calculation results have shown that the GSF energy along the direction drastically reduces when H atoms locate nearby the slip plane. But H atoms slightly decrease the GSF barrier for the slipping case. Meanwhile, with the increase of hydrogen density around the slip plane, the GSF energies along both the shift directions further reduced. The physical origin of the reduction of GSF energy due to the existence of hydrogen atoms in Zr was analyzed based on the Bader charge method. It is interpreted by the Coulomb repulsion of the Zr atoms besides of the slip plane due to the charge transfer from Zr to H atoms.
Large-sized out-of-plane stretchable electrodes based on poly-dimethylsiloxane substrate
Chou, Namsun; Lee, Jongho; Kim, Sohee
2014-12-15
This paper describes a reliable fabrication method of stretchable electrodes based on poly-dimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrate. The electrode traces and pads were formed in out-of-plane structures to improve the flexibility and stretchability of the electrode array. The suspended traces and pads were attached to the PDMS substrate via parylene posts that were located nearby the traces and under the pads. As only conventional micro-electro-mechanical systems techniques were used, the out-of-plane electrode arrays were clearly fabricated at wafer level with high yield and reliability. Also, bi-layer out-of-plane electrodes were formed through additional fabrication steps in addition to mono-layer out-of-plane electrodes. The mechanical characteristics such as the stretchability, flexibility, and foldability of the fabricated electrodes were evaluated, resulting in stable electrical connection of the metal traces with up to 32.4% strain and up to 360° twist angle over 25?mm. The durability in stretched condition was validated by cyclic stretch test with 10% and 20% strain, resulting in electrical disconnection at 8600 cycles when subjected to 20% strain. From these results, it is concluded that the proposed fabrication method produced highly reliable, out-of-plane and stretchable electrodes, which would be used in various flexible and stretchable electronics applications.
Remarks on Analytic Solutions in Nonlinear Elasticity and Anti-Plane Shear Problem
David Y. Gao
2015-08-27
This paper revisits a well-studied anti-plane shear deformation problem formulated by Knowles in 1976 and analytical solutions in general nonlinear elasticity proposed by Gao since 1998. Based on minimum potential principle, a well-determined fully nonlinear system is obtained for isochoric deformation, which admits non-trivial states of finite anti-plane shear without ellipticity constraint. By using canonical duality theory, a complete set of analytical solutions are obtained for 3-D finite deformation problems governed by generalized neo-Hookean model. Both global and local extremal solutions to the nonconvex variational problem are identified by a triality theory. Connection between challenges in nonconvex analysis and NP-hard problems in computational science is revealed. It is proved that the ellipticity condition for general fully nonlinear boundary value problems depends not only on differential operators, but also sensitively on the external force field. The homogenous hyper-elasticity for general anti-plane shear deformation must be governed by the generalized neo-Hookean model. Knowles' over-determined system is simply due to a pseudo-Lagrange multiplier and two extra equilibrium conditions in the plane. The constitutive condition in his theorems is naturally satisfied with $b = \\lambda/2$. His ellipticity condition is neither necessary nor sufficient for general homogeneous materials to admit nontrivial states of anti-plane shear.
A new approach to euclidean plane geometry based on projective geometric algebra
Charles Gunn
2015-08-30
The article presents a new approach to euclidean plane geometry based on projective geometric algebra (PGA), designed for anyone with an interest in plane geometry, or who wishes to familiarize themselves with PGA. We explore in detail the geometric product involving pairs and triples of basic elements (lines and points), and show it encodes a wealth of fundamental metric and non-metric properties, whereby the seamless integration of euclidean and ideal aspects is particularly noteworthy. We apply the algebra to a variety of familiar topics in plane euclidean geometry, and show it compares favorably with other approaches in regard to completeness, compactness, practicality, and elegance. Numerous figures accompany the text. For readers with the requisite mathematical background, a self-contained coordinate-free introduction to the algebra is provided in an appendix.
Finite-amplitude inhomogeneous plane waves in a deformed Mooney-Rivlin material
Michel Destrade
2013-06-02
The propagation of finite-amplitude linearly-polarized inhomogeneous transverse plane waves is considered for a Mooney-Rivlin material maintained in a state of finite static homogeneous deformation. It is shown that such waves are possible provided that the directions of the normal to the planes of constant phase and of the normal to the planes of constant amplitude are orthogonal and conjugate with respect to the B-ellipsoid, where B is the left Cauchy-Green strain tensor corresponding to the initial deformation. For these waves, it is found that even though the system is non-linear, results on energy flux are nevertheless identical with corresponding results in the classical linearized elasticity theory. Byproducts of the results are new exact static solutions for the Mooney-Rivlin material.
A new approach to euclidean plane geometry based on projective geometric algebra
Charles Gunn
2015-03-27
The article presents a new approach to euclidean plane geometry based on projective geometric algebra (PGA). After introducing the algebra, it presents the first detailed study of the geometric product of basic elements: pairs of lines, pairs of points, a point-line pair, 3 lines, and 3 points, with particular attention to the seamless integration of euclidean and ideal aspects. This yields a compact, powerful geometric toolkit which the article then applies to a variety of topics in plane euclidean geometry: distance formulae, sums and differences of points and of lines, isometries via sandwiches, the join operator, orthogonal projection, and a step-by-step solution of a sample geometric construction. In conclusion, the article compares the PGA approach to the analytic geometric approach and also alternative geometric algebra approaches to plane geometry. Numerous figures accompany the text. For readers with the requisite mathematical background, a self-contained coordinate-free introduction to the algebra is provided in an appendix.
On the local form of static plane symmetric space-times in the presence of matter
Leandro G. Gomes
2015-02-10
For any configuration of a static plane-symmetric distribution of matter along space-time, there are coordinates where the metric can be put explicitly as a functional of the energy density and pressures. It satisfies Einstein equations as far as we require the conservation of the energy-momentum tensor, which is the single ODE for self-gravitating hydrostatic equilibrium. As a direct application, a general solution is given when the pressures are linearly related to the energy density, recovering, as special cases, most of known solutions of static plane-symmetric Einstein equations.
Free Energy and Phase Transition of the Matrix Model on a Plane-Wave
Shirin Hadizadeh; Bojan Ramadanovic; Gordon W. Semenoff; Donovan Young
2004-10-05
It has recently been observed that the weakly coupled plane wave matrix model has a density of states which grows exponentially at high energy. This implies that the model has a phase transition. The transition appears to be of first order. However, its exact nature is sensitive to interactions. In this paper, we analyze the effect of interactions by computing the relevant parts of the effective potential for the Polyakov loop operator in the finite temperature plane-wave matrix model to three loop order. We show that the phase transition is indeed of first order. We also compute the correction to the Hagedorn temperature to order two loops.
Specific heat of twisted bilayer graphene: Engineering phonons by atomic plane rotations
Specific heat of twisted bilayer graphene: Engineering phonons by atomic plane rotations Denis L 2014) We have studied the phonon specific heat in single-layer, bilayer, and twisted bilayer graphene that at temperature T specific heat varies with temperature as Tn , where n ¼ 1 for graphene, n ¼ 1
Effects of harmonic phase on nonlinear surface acoustic waves in the (111) plane of cubic crystals
Effects of harmonic phase on nonlinear surface acoustic waves in the (111) plane of cubic crystals of surface acoustic waves SAWs in the 001 surface cut of nonpiezo- electric, cubic crystals. The present 2002 Spectral evolution equations are used to perform numerical studies of nonlinear surface acoustic
Mixing-Plane Method for Flutter Computation in Multi-stage Turbomachines
Liu, Feng
performing pushes the designs to the extreme. As blade rows are designed to be lighter they also become less more stress. One negative consequence of these design trends is that blade rows may become more of an inlet guide vane (IGV) and a compres- sor blade (NASA Rotor 67). The mixing-plane boundary condition
Energy-Delay Trade-off of Wireless Data Collection in the Plane
Boucherie, Richard J.
Energy-Delay Trade-off of Wireless Data Collection in the Plane Mihaela Mitici , Jasper Goseling and the energy needed by the devices to transmit their observations. Fundamental bounds on the energy-delay trade and ii) the transmission energy used by the wireless devices to transmit their observations, which
Hydrodynamics of high speed planing hulls with partially ventilated bottom and hydrofoils
Sheingart, Zvi
2014-01-01
The influence of a cambered shaped bottom step on the performance of sea going V-stepped planing hulls is investigated using numerical methods. The shape of the step was designed to decrease the Drag/Lift ratio of the hull ...
Hopf bifurcations to quasi-periodic solutions for the two-dimensional plane Poiseuille flow
Barcelona, Universitat de
the branch of periodic flows which are born at the Hopf bifurcation of the laminar flow. It is known that topics in fluid mechanics. Poiseuille as well as Taylor Couette flow are test problems where of their geometry. The dynamics of plane Poiseuille flow departs from the laminar flow. The stability of the laminar
Raman spectra of out-of-plane phonons in bilayer graphene
Sato, Kentaro
The double resonance Raman spectra of the overtone of the out-of-plane tangential optical (oTO) phonon and of combinations of the LO, ZO, and ZA phonons with one another are calculated for bilayer graphene. In the case of ...
Rohrer, Gregory S.
backscattering diffraction, Boundary network 1. Introduction Martensitic steels are widely used in structuralThe distribution of intervariant crystallographic planes in a lath martensite using five and the distribution of intervariant boundary character in a lath martensitic microstructure. The misorientations were
The stability of Killing-Cauchy horizons in colliding plane wave space-times
J. B. Griffiths
2005-01-05
It is confirmed rigorously that the Killing-Cauchy horizons, which sometimes occur in space-times representing the collision and subsequent interaction of plane gravitational waves in a Minkowski background, are unstable with respect to bounded perturbations of the initial waves, at least for the case in which the initial waves have constant aligned polarizations.
Search for star clusters close to the Galactic plane with DENIS
C. Reyle; A. C. Robin
2002-01-04
An automated search for star clusters close to the Galactic plane (|b| web site as embedded clusters in HII regions. Extinction in the field and in front of the clusters are estimated using a model of population synthesis. We present the method and give the properties of these clusters.
Hamarneh, Ghassan
communication. In multiple sclerosis (MS), the CC can have discrete lesions (MS plaques) or generalized tissue callo- sum, multiple sclerosis, mid sagittal plane, area calculation. I. INTRODUCTION The CC and the MS in the nerve impulses. B. Multiple Sclerosis Multiple Sclerosis is an auto-immune disease of the brain
Quasi-static Thermoelastic Analysis for a Semi-infinite Plane Subjected to a
Kemner, Ken
stress tensor component seff. Effective stress c Specific heat l Distance from the source q BendingLS-199 Quasi-static Thermoelastic Analysis for a Semi-infinite Plane Subjected to a Gaussian Heat A two-dimensional, semi-infinite analytical solution of the transient temperature and the thermal stress
IN-PLANE BANDPASS REGULATION CHECK VALVE IN HEAT-SHRINK PACKAGING FOR DRUG DELIVERY
Meng, Ellis
IN-PLANE BANDPASS REGULATION CHECK VALVE IN HEAT-SHRINK PACKAGING FOR DRUG DELIVERY R. Lo and E. Meng University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA ABSTRACT The first check valve valve design and these results were confirmed experimentally. The valve regulates flow between 150
The Higgs oscillator on the hyperbolic plane and Light-Front Holography
A. Pallares-Rivera; M. Kirchbach
2014-11-19
The Light Front Holographic (LFH) wave equation, which is the conformal scalar equation on the plane, is revisited from the perspective of the supersymmetric quantum mechanics, and attention is drawn to the fact that it naturally emerges in the small hyperbolic angle approximation to the "curved" Higgs oscillator on the hyperbolic plane, i.e. on the upper part of the two-dimensional hyperboloid of two sheets, a space of constant negative curvature. Such occurs because the particle dynamics under consideration reduces to the one dimensional Schr\\"odinger equation with the second hyperbolic P\\"oschl-Teller potential, whose flat-space (small-angle) limit reduces to the conformally invariant inverse square distance plus harmonic oscillator interaction, on which LFH is based. In consequence, energies and wave functions of the LFH spectrum can be approached by the solutions of the Higgs oscillator on the hyperbolic plane in employing its curvature and the potential strength as fitting parameters. Also the proton electric charge form factor is well reproduced within this scheme by means of a Fourier-Helgason hyperbolic wave transform of the charge density. In conclusion, in the small angle approximation, the Higgs oscillator on the hyperbolic plane is demonstrated to satisfactory parallel essential outcomes of the Light Front Holographic QCD. The findings are suggestive of associating the hyperboloid curvature of the with a second scale in LFH, which then could be employed in the definition of a chemical potential.
César D. Fosco; Fernando C. Lombardo
2015-06-25
We study the properties of the classical electromagnetic (EM) radiation produced by two physically different yet closely related systems, which may be regarded as classical analogues of the Dynamical Casimir Effect (DCE). They correspond to two flat, infinite, parallel planes, one of them static and imposing perfect conductor boundary conditions, while the other performs a rigid oscillatory motion. The systems differ just in the electrical properties of the oscillating plane: one of them is just a planar dipole layer (representing, for instance, a small-width electret). The other, instead, has a dipole layer on the side which faces the static plane, but behaves as a conductor on the other side: this can be used as a representation of a conductor endowed with patch potentials (on the side which faces the conducting plane). We evaluate, in both cases, the dissipative flux of energy between the system and its environment, showing that, at least for small mechanical oscillation amplitudes, it can be written in terms of the dipole layer autocorrelation function. We show that there are resonances as a function of the frequency of the mechanical oscillation.
Use of dual plane PIV to assess scale-by-scale energy budgets in wall turbulence
Marusic, Ivan
Use of dual plane PIV to assess scale-by-scale energy budgets in wall turbulence N Saikrishnan1-layer, the buffer region, the logarithmic region and the outer region. In the space of scales, turbulent energy is produced at the large scales and transferred to smaller scales, finally dissipating in the form of heat
Wide Viewing Angle Multi-domain In-Plane Switching LCD
Wu, Shin-Tson
15 [10,11]. In this paper, we investigate the bending angle effect on a MD IPS using the chevron The bending angle effect on a multi-domain in-plane switching liquid crystal display (MD IPS LCD) using the bending angle of the electrodes increases from 10 to 40 , the threshold voltage is lowered from 1.25 Vrms
Facet bending in the driven crystalline curvature flow in the plane
Ikegami, Takashi
Facet bending in the driven crystalline curvature flow in the plane Yoshikazu Giga1 , Piotr Rybka2, then they begin to bend. Key words: singular energies, bending of facets, driven curvature flow, variational prin- clidean curvature. In this paper we are interested in the case when is not C1, for example
PREVENTING NETWORK INSTABILITY CAUSED BY PROPAGATION OF CONTROL PLANE POISON MESSAGES*
Shayman, Mark A.
PREVENTING NETWORK INSTABILITY CAUSED BY PROPAGATION OF CONTROL PLANE POISON MESSAGES* Xiaojiang Du to as "poison message failure propagation": Some or all of the network elements have a software or protocol `bug' which is activated on receipt of a certain network control/management message (the poison message
Markov Decision Based Filtering to Prevent Network Instability from Control Plane Poison Messages*
Shayman, Mark A.
Markov Decision Based Filtering to Prevent Network Instability from Control Plane Poison Messages@research.telcordia.com * Research supported by DARPA under contract N66001-00-C-8037. Abstract: Poison message failure propagation propose a combination of passive diagnosis and active diagnosis to deal with the poison message problem
A review of "Dreams and the Invisible World in Colonial New England" by Ann Marie Plane
Scheik, William J.
2015-01-01
in the first place, marking them as testimonial witnesses to their own experience of the world and the time in which they live so vividly. Ann Marie Plane. Dreams and the Invisible World in Colonial New England. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania...
Root finding in the complex plane for seismo-acoustic propagation scenarios with Green's function waveguide with an elastic bottom using a Green's function formulation for a compressional wave point source modes of energy. The eigenvalues arise as singularities in the inverse Hankel transform integral
Centrifugal Shape Sorting of Faceted Gold Nanoparticles Using an Atomic Plane-Selective Surfactant
Gao, Hongjun
Centrifugal Shape Sorting of Faceted Gold Nanoparticles Using an Atomic Plane-Selective Surfactant control or postsynthetic processing that relies on centrifugal sedimentation-based sorting schemes whereNPs possessing different shapes that would otherwise be virtually indistinguishable during centrifugal
Dynamics of an electron confined to a "hybrid plane" and interacting with a magnetic field
Raffaele Carlone; Pavel Exner
2010-12-13
We discuss spectral and resonance properties of a Hamiltonian describing motion of an electron moving on a "hybrid surface" consisting on a halfline attached by its endpoints to a plane under influence of a constant magnetic field which interacts with its spin through a Rashba-type term.
Emergence of Jets from Turbulence in the Shallow-Water Equations on an Equatorial Beta Plane
Farrell, Brian F.
Emergence of Jets from Turbulence in the Shallow-Water Equations on an Equatorial Beta Plane BRIAN (Manuscript received 2 September 2008, in final form 24 April 2009) ABSTRACT Coherent jets, such as the Jovian the essential mechanism of jet formation, which is systematic eddy mo- mentum flux directed up the mean velocity
Tests and analyses for fully plastic fracture mechanics of plane strain mode I crack growth
McClintock, F.A.; Parks, D.M.; Kim, Y.J.
1995-12-31
Under monotonic loading, structures should ideally be ductile enough to provide continued resistance during crack growth. For fully plastic crack growth in low strength alloys, existing asymptotic solutions for elastic-plastic growing cracks are not applicable because they reach the fracture strain only in regions small compared to the inhomogeneities of the actual fracture process. For the limiting case of non-hardening fully-plastic plane strain crack growth, in a number of geometries and loadings the near-tip fields are characterized in terms of three parameters: an effective angle 2{theta}{sub s} between a pair of slip planes, and the normal stress {sigma}{sub s} and the increment of displacement {delta}u{sub s} across the planes. This three-parameter characterization is in contrast to the one- or two-parameter (K or J and T or Q) characterization in linear or non-linear elastic fracture mechanics. These {theta}{sub s}, {sigma}{sub s}, and {delta}u{sub s} parameters are found form the far-field geometries and loadings through slip line fields or least upper bound analyses based on circular arcs. The resulting crack growth, in terms of the crack tip opening angle (CTOA), is a function of {theta}{sub s}, {sigma}{sub s}, and the material. The geometry of the crack growing between two moving slip planes emanating from its tip reduces this function to the critical fracture shear strain left behind the slip planes, {gamma}f, as a function of {sigma}{sub s}. {gamma}f({sigma}{sub s}) is found theoretically from a hole initiation and growth model. It is also found from preliminary fully plastic crack growth experiments on unequally grooved specimens with fixed-grip extension or 4-point bending of a 1018 CF steel.
Rzepa, Henry S.
1 Prof. John Plane, Dr Wuhu Feng, Prof. Martyn Chipperfield and Prof. Piers Forster j.m.c.plane@leeds.ac.uk phone: 0113 343 8044 http://www1.chem.leeds.ac.uk/JMCP/ Atmospheric impacts of a close cometary novel experimental systems developed at Leeds to study the chemistry of metallic molecules (e
Solving Real-World Linear Ordering Problems Using a Primal-Dual Interior Point Cutting Plane Method
Mitchell, John E.
Solving Real-World Linear Ordering Problems Using a Primal-Dual Interior Point Cutting Plane Method to the next. A cutting plane algorithm for solving the linear ordering problem is described. This algorithm problems with linear programming methodology use the simplex method to solve the linear programs
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
1 Intraoperative Tracking of Aortic Valve Plane* DLH Nguyen, M Garreau, V Auffret, H Le Breton, JP Verhoye, P Haigron Abstract--The main objective of this work is to track the aortic valve plane in intra-operative fluoroscopic images in order to optimize and secure Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) procedure
Tentzeris, Manos
Coupling Between Microstrip Lines With Finite Width Ground Plane Embedded in Polyimide Layers for 3 multiple layers of polyimide are required for constructing Si/SiGe monolithic microwave ground planes embedded in the polyimide are often used. However, the closely spaced TFMS lines
Roughan, Matthew
Is BGP Update Storm a Sign of Trouble: Observing the Internet Control and Data Planes During Internet Worms Matthew Roughan University of Adelaide matthew. roughan@ adelaide.edu.au Jun Li University, data plane, BGP, Internet worms, network measurement Abstract There are considerable reasons to wish
Wu, Ke-Li
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, VOL. 51, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2003 2801 A Plane Wave Expansion of Spherical Wave Functions for Modal Analysis of Guided Wave Structures and Scatterers Robert H. MacPhie, Life Fellow, IEEE, and Ke-Li Wu, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--A new finite plane wave series
Sevostianov, Igor
Penny-shaped and half-plane cracks in a transversely isotropic piezoelectric solid under arbitrary loading E. Karapetian, I. Sevostianov, M. Kachanov Summary The problem of a penny-shaped crack for a piezoelectric medium with a crack. Solutions for penny-shaped and half-plane cracks in an in®nite medium loaded
Realizing in-plane surface diffraction by x-ray multiple-beam diffraction with large incidence angle
Huang, Xian-Rong Gog, Thomas; Assoufid, Lahsen; Peng, Ru-Wen; Siddons, D. P.
2014-11-03
Based on rigorous dynamical-theory calculations, we demonstrate the principle of an x-ray multiple-beam diffraction (MBD) scheme that overcomes the long-lasting difficulties of high-resolution in-plane diffraction from crystal surfaces. This scheme only utilizes symmetric reflection geometry with large incident angles but activates the out-of-plane and in-plane diffraction processes simultaneously and separately in the continuous MBD planes. The in-plane diffraction is realized by detoured MBD, where the intermediate diffracted waves propagate parallel to the surface, which corresponds to an absolute Bragg surface diffraction configuration that is extremely sensitive to surface structures. A series of MBD diffraction and imaging techniques may be developed from this principle to study surface/interface (misfit) strains, lateral nanostructures, and phase transitions of a wide range of (pseudo)cubic crystal structures, including ultrathin epitaxial films and multilayers, quantum dots, strain-engineered semiconductor or (multi)ferroic materials, etc.
In-plane electric fields in magnetic islands during collisionless magnetic reconnection
Chen Lijen; Bhattacharjee, Amitava; Torbert, Roy B.; Bessho, Naoki; Daughton, William; Roytershteyn, Vadim
2012-11-15
Magnetic islands are a common feature in both the onset and nonlinear evolution of magnetic reconnection. In collisionless regimes, the onset typically occurs within ion-scale current layers leading to the formation of magnetic islands when multiple X lines are involved. The nonlinear evolution of reconnection often gives rise to extended electron current layers (ECL) which are also unstable to formation of magnetic islands. Here, we show that the excess negative charge and strong out-of-plane electron velocity in the ECL are passed on to the islands generated therein, and that the corresponding observable distinguishing the islands generated in the ECL is the strongly enhanced in-plane electric fields near the island core. The islands formed in ion-scale current layers do not have these properties of the ECL-generated islands. The above result provides a way to assess the occurrence and importance of extended ECLs that are unstable to island formation in space and laboratory plasmas.
Constraints on Gamma-ray Emission from the Galactic Plane at 300 TeV
A. Borione; M. A. Catanese; M. C. Chantell; C. E. Covault; J. W. Cronin; B. E. Fick; L. F. Fortson; J. Fowler; M. A. K. Glasmacher; K. D. Green; D. B. Kieda; J. Matthews; B. J. Newport; D. Nitz; R. A. Ong; S. Oser; D. Sinclair; J. C. van der Velde
1997-03-10
We describe a new search for diffuse ultrahigh energy gamma-ray emission associated with molecular clouds in the galactic disk. The Chicago Air Shower Array (CASA), operating in coincidence with the Michigan muon array (MIA), has recorded over 2.2 x 10^{9} air showers from April 4, 1990 to October 7, 1995. We search for gamma rays based upon the muon content of air showers arriving from the direction of the galactic plane. We find no significant evidence for diffuse gamma-ray emission, and we set an upper limit on the ratio of gamma rays to normal hadronic cosmic rays at less than 2.4 x 10^{-5} at 310 TeV (90% confidence limit) from the galactic plane region: (50 degrees energies is likely to be dominated by the decay of neutral pions resulting from cosmic rays interactions with passive target gas molecules.
Leung, Kevin
2015-01-01
The applied potential governs lithium-intercalation and electrode passivation reactions in lithium ion batteries, but are challenging to calibrate in condensed phase DFT calculations. In this work, the "anode potential" of charge-neutral lithium-intercalated graphite (LiC(6)) with oxidized edge planes is computed as a function of Li-content n(Li)) at edge planes, using ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD), a previously introduced Li+ transfer free energy method, and the experimental Li+/Li(s) value as reference. The voltage assignments are corroborated using explicit electron transfer from fluoroethylene carbonate radical anion markers. PF6- is shown to decompose electrochemically (i.e., not just thermally) at low potentials imposed by our voltage calibration technique. We demonstrate that excess electrons reside in localized states-in-the-gap in the organic carbonate liquid region, which is not semiconductor-like (band-state-like) as widely assumed in the literature.
Well-posedness and generalized plane waves simulations of a 2D mode conversion model
Imbert-Gérard, Lise-Marie
2015-01-01
Certain types of electro-magnetic waves propagating in a plasma can undergo a mode conversion process. In magnetic confinement fusion, this phenomenon is very useful to heat the plasma, since it permits to transfer the heat at or near the plasma center. This work focuses on a mathematical model of wave propagation around the mode conversion region, from both theoretical and numerical points of view. It aims at developing, for a well-posed equation, specific basis functions to study a wave mode conversion process. These basis functions, called generalized plane waves, are intrinsically based on variable coefficients. As such, they are particularly adapted to the mode conversion problem. The design of generalized plane waves for the proposed model is described in detail. Their implementation within a discontinuous Galerkin method then provides numerical simulations of the process. These first 2D simulations for this model agree with qualitative aspects studied in previous works.
Well-posedness and generalized plane waves simulations of a 2D mode conversion model
Lise-Marie Imbert-Gérard
2015-04-27
Certain types of electro-magnetic waves propagating in a plasma can undergo a mode conversion process. In magnetic confinement fusion, this phenomenon is very useful to heat the plasma, since it permits to transfer the heat at or near the plasma center. This work focuses on a mathematical model of wave propagation around the mode conversion region, from both theoretical and numerical points of view. It aims at developing, for a well-posed equation, specific basis functions to study a wave mode conversion process. These basis functions, called generalized plane waves, are intrinsically based on variable coefficients. As such, they are particularly adapted to the mode conversion problem. The design of generalized plane waves for the proposed model is described in detail. Their implementation within a discontinuous Galerkin method then provides numerical simulations of the process. These first 2D simulations for this model agree with qualitative aspects studied in previous works.
A Schwinger--Dyson Equation in the Borel Plane: singularities of the solution
Marc P. Bellon; Pierre J. Clavier
2015-06-30
We map the Schwinger--Dyson equation and the renormalization group equation for the massless Wess--Zumino model in the Borel plane, where the product of functions get mapped to a convolution product. The two-point function can be expressed as a superposition of general powers of the external momentum. The singularities of the anomalous dimension are shown to lie on the real line in the Borel plane and to be linked to the singularities of the Mellin transform of the one-loop graph. This new approach allows us to enlarge the reach of previous studies on the expansions around those singularities. The asymptotic behavior at infinity of the Borel transform of the solution is beyond the reach of analytical methods and we do a preliminary numerical study, aiming to show that it should remain bounded.
Homoclinic snaking in plane Couette flow: bending, skewing, and finite-size effects
Gibson, John F
2015-01-01
Invariant solutions of shear flows have recently been extended from spatially periodic solutions in minimal flow units to spatially localized solutions on extended domains. One set of spanwise-localized solutions of plane Couette flow exhibits homoclinic snaking, a process by which steady-state solutions grow additional structure smoothly at their fronts when continued parametrically. Homoclinic snaking is well understood mathematically in the context of the one-dimensional Swift-Hohenberg equation. Consequently, the snaking solutions of plane Couette flow form a promising connection between the largely phenomenological study of laminar-turbulent patterns in viscous shear flows and the mathematically well-developed field of pattern-formation theory. In this paper we present a numerical study of the snaking solutions, generalizing beyond the fixed streamwise wavelength of previous studies. We find a number of new solution features, including bending, skewing, and finite-size effects. We show that the finite-si...
Drag force on a sphere moving towards an anisotropic super-hydrophobic plane
Evgeny S. Asmolov; Aleksey V. Belyaev; Olga I. Vinogradova
2011-06-01
We analyze theoretically a high-speed drainage of liquid films squeezed between a hydrophilic sphere and a textured super-hydrophobic plane, that contains trapped gas bubbles. A super-hydrophobic wall is characterized by parameters $L$ (texture characteristic length), $b_1$ and $b_2$ (local slip lengths at solid and gas areas), and $\\phi_1$ and $\\phi_2$ (fractions of solid and gas areas). Hydrodynamic properties of the plane are fully expressed in terms of the effective slip-length tensor with eigenvalues that depend on texture parameters and $H$ (local separation). The effect of effective slip is predicted to decrease the force as compared with expected for two hydrophilic surfaces and described by the Taylor equation. The presence of additional length scales, $L$, $b_1$ and $b_2$, implies that a film drainage can be much richer than in case of a sphere moving towards a hydrophilic plane. For a large (compared to $L$) gap the reduction of the force is small, and for all textures the force is similar to expected when a sphere is moving towards a smooth hydrophilic plane that is shifted down from the super-hydrophobic wall. The value of this shift is equal to the average of the eigenvalues of the slip-length tensor. By analyzing striped super-hydrophobic surfaces, we then compute the correction to the Taylor equation for an arbitrary gap. We show that at thinner gap the force reduction becomes more pronounced, and that it depends strongly on the fraction of the gas area and local slip lengths. For small separations we derive an exact equation, which relates a correction for effective slip to texture parameters. Our analysis provides a framework for interpreting recent force measurements in the presence of super-hydrophobic surface.
5d fixed points from brane webs and O7-planes
Bergman, Oren
2015-01-01
We explore the properties of five-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories living on 5-brane webs in orientifold 7-plane backgrounds. These include $USp(2N)$ and $SO(N)$ gauge theories with fundamental matter, as well as $SU(N)$ gauge theories with symmetric and antisymmetric matter. We find a number of new 5d fixed point theories that feature enhanced global symmetries. We also exhibit a number of new 5d dualities.
Magneto-Seebeck effect in spin-valve with in-plane thermal gradient
Jain, S. Bose, A. Palkar, V. R. Tulapurkar, A. A.; Lam, D. D. Suzuki, Y.; Sharma, H. Tomy, C. V.
2014-12-15
We present measurements of magneto-Seebeck effect on a spin valve with in-plane thermal gradient. We measured open circuit voltage and short circuit current by applying a temperature gradient across a spin valve stack, where one of the ferromagnetic layers is pinned. We found a clear hysteresis in these two quantities as a function of magnetic field. From these measurements, the magneto-Seebeck effect was found to be same as magneto-resistance effect.
5d fixed points from brane webs and O7-planes
Oren Bergman; Gabi Zafrir
2015-08-15
We explore the properties of five-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories living on 5-brane webs in orientifold 7-plane backgrounds. These include $USp(2N)$ and $SO(N)$ gauge theories with fundamental matter, as well as $SU(N)$ gauge theories with symmetric and antisymmetric matter. We find a number of new 5d fixed point theories that feature enhanced global symmetries. We also exhibit a number of new 5d dualities.
Energy-momentum distribution of a general plane symmetric spacetime in metric f(R) gravity
Morteza Yavari
2014-06-13
In this paper, the exact vacuum solution of a general plane symmetric spacetime is investigated in metric f(R) gravity with the assumption of constant Ricci scalar. For this solution, we have studied the generalized Landau-Lifshitz energy-momentum complex in this theory to determine the energy distribution expressions for some specific f(R) models. Also, we show that these models satisfy the constant curvature condition.
A MILLIMETER-WAVE GALACTIC PLANE SURVEY WITH THE BICEP POLARIMETER
Bierman, E. M.; Keating, B. G.; Barron, D.; Kaufman, J. P. [University of California, San Diego (United States); Matsumura, T.; Dowell, C. D.; Bock, J. J.; Chiang, H. C.; Culverhouse, T. L.; Hristov, V. V.; Kovac, J. M.; Lange, A. E. [California Institute of Technology (United States); Ade, P. [University of Wales (United Kingdom); Barkats, D. [Joint ALMA Office-NRAO (Chile); Battle, J. O.; Leitch, E. M. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory (United States); Duband, L. [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (France); Hivon, E. F. [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris (France); Holzapfel, W. L. [University of California, Berkeley (United States); Kuo, C. L., E-mail: ebierman@physics.ucsd.edu [Stanford University, CA (United States)
2011-11-10
In order to study inflationary cosmology and the Milky Way Galaxy's composition and magnetic field structure, Stokes I, Q, and U maps of the Galactic plane covering the Galactic longitude range 260 Degree-Sign < l < 340 Degree-Sign in three atmospheric transmission windows centered on 100, 150, and 220 GHz are presented. The maps sample an optical depth 1 {approx}< A{sub V} {approx}< 30, and are consistent with previous characterizations of the Galactic millimeter-wave frequency spectrum and the large-scale magnetic field structure permeating the interstellar medium. The polarization angles in all three bands are generally perpendicular to those measured by starlight polarimetry as expected and show changes in the structure of the Galactic magnetic field on the scale of 60 Degree-Sign . The frequency spectrum of degree-scale Galactic emission is plotted between 23 and 220 GHz (including WMAP data) and is fit to a two-component (synchrotron and dust) model showing that the higher frequency BICEP data are necessary to tightly constrain the amplitude and spectral index of Galactic dust. Polarized emission is detected over the entire region within two degrees of the Galactic plane, indicating the large-scale magnetic field is oriented parallel to the plane of the Galaxy. A trend of decreasing polarization fraction with increasing total intensity is observed, ruling out the simplest model of a constant Galactic magnetic field orientation along the line of sight in the Galactic plane. A generally increasing trend of polarization fraction with electromagnetic frequency is found, varying from 0.5%-1.5% at frequencies below 50 GHz to 2.5%-3.5% above 90 GHz. The effort to extend the capabilities of BICEP by installing 220 GHz band hardware is described along with analysis of the new band.
A Cutting Plane Method for Solving Harvest Scheduling Models with Area Restrictions
Brown, Sally
37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 A Cutting Plane Method for Solving Harvest Scheduling Models with Area Restrictions N´ora K¨onnyua , S´andor F. T.e., clear-cuts) cannot exceed an area threshold in any given time period or over a set of periods called
Scattering and Bound State Green's Functions on a Plane via so(2,1) Lie Algebra
P. F. Borges; H. Boschi-Filho; A. N. Vaidya
2006-10-17
We calculate the Green's functions for the particle-vortex system, for two anyons on a plane with and without a harmonic regulator and in a uniform magnetic field. These Green's functions which describe scattering or bound states (depending on the specific potential in each case) are obtained exactly using an algebraic method related to the SO(2,1) Lie group. From these Green's functions we obtain the corresponding wave functions and for the bound states we also find the energy spectra.
5d fixed points from brane webs and O7-planes
Oren Bergman; Gabi Zafrir
2015-07-14
We explore the properties of five-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories living on 5-brane webs in orientifold 7-plane backgrounds. These include $USp(2N)$ and $SO(N)$ gauge theories with fundamental matter, as well as $SU(N)$ gauge theories with symmetric and antisymmetric matter. We find a number of new 5d fixed point theories that feature enhanced global symmetries. We also exhibit a number of new 5d dualities.
Method and system of measuring ultrasonic signals in the plane of a moving web
Hall, Maclin S. (Marietta, GA); Jackson, Theodore G. (Atlanta, GA); Wink, Wilmer A. (Appleton, WI); Knerr, Christopher (Lawrenceville, GA)
1996-01-01
An improved system for measuring the velocity of ultrasonic signals within the plane of moving web-like materials, such as paper, paperboard and the like. In addition to velocity measurements of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web in the machine direction, MD, and a cross direction, CD, generally perpendicular to the direction of the traveling web, therefor, one embodiment of the system in accordance with the present invention is also adapted to provide on-line indication of the polar specific stiffness of the moving web. In another embodiment of the invention, the velocity of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web are measured by way of a plurality of ultrasonic transducers carried by synchronously driven wheels or cylinders, thus eliminating undue transducer wear due to any speed differences between the transducers and the web. In order to provide relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the webs, the transducers are mounted in a sensor housings which include a spring for biasing the transducer radially outwardly. The sensor housings are adapted to be easily and conveniently mounted to the carrier to provide a relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the moving web.
Drag force on a sphere moving towards an anisotropic super-hydrophobic plane
Asmolov, Evgeny S; Vinogradova, Olga I
2011-01-01
We analyze theoretically a high-speed drainage of liquid films squeezed between a hydrophilic sphere and a textured super-hydrophobic plane, that contains trapped gas bubbles. A super-hydrophobic wall is characterized by parameters $L$ (texture characteristic length), $b_1$ and $b_2$ (local slip lengths at solid and gas areas), and $\\phi_1$ and $\\phi_2$ (fractions of solid and gas areas). Hydrodynamic properties of the plane are fully expressed in terms of the effective slip-length tensor with eigenvalues that depend on texture parameters and $H$ (local separation). The effect of effective slip is predicted to decrease the force as compared with expected for two hydrophilic surfaces and described by the Taylor equation. The presence of additional length scales, $L$, $b_1$ and $b_2$, implies that a film drainage can be much richer than in case of a sphere moving towards a hydrophilic plane. For a large (compared to $L$) gap the reduction of the force is small, and for all textures the force is similar to expec...
Method and system of measuring ultrasonic signals in the plane of a moving web
Hall, M.S.; Jackson, T.G.; Wink, W.A.; Knerr, C.
1996-02-27
An improved system for measuring the velocity of ultrasonic signals within the plane of moving web-like materials, such as paper, paperboard and the like is disclosed. In addition to velocity measurements of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web in the machine direction, MD, and a cross direction, CD, generally perpendicular to the direction of the traveling web, therefore, one embodiment of the system in accordance with the present invention is also adapted to provide on-line indication of the polar specific stiffness of the moving web. In another embodiment of the invention, the velocity of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web are measured by way of a plurality of ultrasonic transducers carried by synchronously driven wheels or cylinders, thus eliminating undue transducer wear due to any speed differences between the transducers and the web. In order to provide relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the webs, the transducers are mounted in a sensor housings which include a spring for biasing the transducer radially outwardly. The sensor housings are adapted to be easily and conveniently mounted to the carrier to provide a relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the moving web. 37 figs.
Pump-probe measurements of the thermal conductivity tensor for materials lacking in-plane symmetry
Feser, Joseph P. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); Liu, Jun; Cahill, David G. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, and Frederick-Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)
2014-10-15
We previously demonstrated an extension of time-domain thermoreflectance (TDTR) which utilizes offset pump and probe laser locations to measure in-plane thermal transport properties of multilayers. However, the technique was limited to systems of transversely isotropic materials studied using axisymmetric laser intensities. Here, we extend the mathematics so that data reduction can be performed on non-transversely isotropic systems. An analytic solution of the diffusion equation for an N-layer system is given, where each layer has a homogenous but otherwise arbitrary thermal conductivity tensor and the illuminating spots have arbitrary intensity profiles. As a demonstration, we use both TDTR and time-resolved magneto-optic Kerr effect measurements to obtain thermal conductivity tensor elements of <110> ?-SiO{sub 2}. We show that the out-of-phase beam offset sweep has full-width half-maxima that contains nearly independent sensitivity to the in-plane thermal conductivity corresponding to the scanning direction. Also, we demonstrate a Nb-V alloy as a low thermal conductivity TDTR transducer layer that helps improve the accuracy of in-plane measurements.
An investigation of the dynamic separation of spot welds under plane tensile pulses
Ma, Bohan; Fan, Chunlei; Chen, Danian Wang, Huanran; Zhou, Fenghua
2014-08-07
We performed ultra-high-speed tests for purely opening spot welds using plane tensile pulses. A gun system generated a parallel impact of a projectile plate onto a welded plate. Induced by the interactions of the release waves, the welded plate opened purely under the plane tensile pulses. We used the laser velocity interferometer system for any reflector to measure the velocity histories of the free surfaces of the free part and the spot weld of the welded plate. We then used a scanning electron microscope to investigate the recovered welded plates. We found that the interfacial failure mode was mainly a brittle fracture and the cracks propagated through the spot nugget, while the partial interfacial failure mode was a mixed fracture comprised ductile fracture and brittle fracture. We used the measured velocity histories to evaluate the tension stresses in the free part and the spot weld of the welded plate by applying the characteristic theory. We also discussed the different constitutive behaviors of the metals under plane shock loading and under uniaxial split Hopkinson pressure bar tests. We then compared the numerically simulated velocity histories of the free surfaces of the free part and the spot weld of the welded plate with the measured results. The numerical simulations made use of the fracture stress criteria, and then the computed fracture modes of the tests were compared with the recovered results.
Woodham, Robert J.
CPSC 505 Assignment 5 Solutions a) The direct irradiance on plane 1 is E0 cos . A fraction, , of E2, the total irradiance on plane 2, is reflected. Exactly half of this contributes via inter-reflection to E1, the total irradiance on plane 1. Thus, E1 = E0 cos + 1/2 E2 Similarly, the direct irradiance on plane 2
Investigation of Turbulent transition in plane Couette flows Using Energy Gradient Method
Hua-Shu Dou; Boo Cheong Khoo
2010-06-07
The energy gradient method has been proposed with the aim of better understanding the mechanism of flow transition from laminar flow to turbulent flow. In this method, it is demonstrated that the transition to turbulence depends on the relative magnitudes of the transverse gradient of the total mechanical energy which amplifies the disturbance and the energy loss from viscous friction which damps the disturbance, for given imposed disturbance. For a given flow geometry and fluid properties, when the maximum of the function K (a function standing for the ratio of the gradient of total mechanical energy in the transverse direction to the rate of energy loss due to viscous friction in the streamwise direction) in the flow field is larger than a certain critical value, it is expected that instability would occur for some initial disturbances. In this paper, using the energy gradient analysis, the equation for calculating the energy gradient function K for plane Couette flow is derived. The result indicates that K reaches the maximum at the moving walls. Thus, the fluid layer near the moving wall is the most dangerous position to generate initial oscillation at sufficient high Re for given same level of normalized perturbation in the domain. The critical value of K at turbulent transition, which is observed from experiments, is about 370 for plane Couette flow when two walls move in opposite directions (anti-symmetry). This value is about the same as that for plane Poiseuille flow and pipe Poiseuille flow (385-389). Therefore, it is concluded that the critical value of K at turbulent transition is about 370-389 for wall-bounded parallel shear flows which include both pressure (symmetrical case) and shear driven flows (anti-symmetrical case).
South Bohemia, University of
of applying lessons from evolution to engineering is known as biomimicry, or biomimetics. Janine Benyus incredibly sensitive sensors on our future planes," said Benyus, author of Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired
Tyrrell, Brian M.
A digital focal plane array (DFPA) architecture has been developed that incorporates per-pixel full-dynamic-range analog-to-digital conversion and orthogonal-transfer-based realtime digital signal processing capability. ...
Akinwande, Akintunde Ibitayo
This paper reports the design and experimental validation of an in-plane assembly method for centimeter-scale bulk-microfabricated components. The method uses mesoscaled deep-reactive-ion-etching (DRIE)-patterned cantilevers ...
CCCG 2010, Winnipeg MB, August 911, 2010 Six-way Equipartitioning by Three Lines in the Plane
Steiger, William
William Steiger Mario Szegedy Jihui Zhao Abstract Let K be a convex body in the plane with area 1 A(T ) > z0 was later proved by Sholander [18] (see also [9], [10], [11]). He thus showed
The Three-String Vertex for a Plane-Wave Background
John H. Schwarz
2003-12-23
The three string vertex for Type IIB superstrings in a maximally supersymmetric plane-wave background can be constructed in a light-cone gauge string field theory formalism. The detailed formula contains certain Neumann coefficients, which are functions of a momentum fraction y and a mass parameter \\mu. This paper reviews the derivation of useful explicit expressions for these Neumann coefficients generalizing flat-space (\\mu = 0) results obtained long ago. These expressions are then used to explore the large \\mu asymptotic behavior, which is required for comparison with dual perturbative gauge theory results. The asymptotic formulas, exact up to exponentially small corrections, turn out to be surprisingly simple.
Energy of gravitational radiation in plane-symmetric space-times
Sean A. Hayward
2008-05-19
Gravitational radiation in plane-symmetric space-times can be encoded in a complex potential, satisfying a non-linear wave equation. An effective energy tensor for the radiation is given, taking a scalar-field form in terms of the potential, entering the field equations in the same way as the matter energy tensor. It reduces to the Isaacson energy tensor in the linearized, high-frequency approximation. An energy conservation equation is derived for a quasi-local energy, essentially the Hawking energy. A transverse pressure exerted by interacting low-frequency gravitational radiation is predicted.
Otani, Yoshichika
Spin transfer switching in current-perpendicular-to-plane spin valve observed by magneto-perpendicular-to-plane spin-valve device. The device consists of three spin-valve elements, each of which comprises-perpendicular-to- plane CPP spin-valve device has been directly observed by using a time resolved x-ray microscopy7 while
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
2008-01-01
detection of building roof planes from Lidar data. The Photogrammetric Journal of Finland. Vol. 21, n°1, 2008, pp.97-109. EXTENDED RANSAC ALGORITHM FOR AUTOMATIC DETECTION OF BUILDING ROOF PLANES FROM LIDAR the detection of 3D building roof planes are of crucial importance. For this purpose, this paper studies
Chen, Long-Qing
Phase-field simulation of electric-field-induced in-plane magnetic domain switching in magnetic://jap.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;Phase-field simulation of electric-field-induced in-plane magnetic domain switching in magnetic; published online 22 June 2011) The electric-field-induced in-plane magnetic domain switching in magnetic
Orthogonality in the Hyperbolic Plane Domingo Gmez1 Miguel Pasadas1 Rafael Prez1 Ceferino Ruiz2
Ruiz, Ceferino
/ r uiz/ softwar e.htm [1] H .S.M . Coxet er , Fundament os de geomet r¶³a, Limusa-W iley, S.A . M . Pasadas, R. P¶erez, C. Ruiz, H yper bolic Plane Tesselations. Proc- cedings of t he V I Journµees Zaragoza, R. P¶erez, C. R uiz, T he Lam bert quadr ilateral and tes- selations in the hyper bolic plane. Int
Cerveny, Vlastislav
Quick assessment of the fault plane, for the recent event in Southern Greece (14 February 2008, Mw.org/index.php?page=current&sub=recent&evt=20080106_GREECE), we issue a quick assessment of the fault plane for the most recent Mw6.9 earthquake in Southern Greece (20080214 at 10:09:23 UTC). Using hypocenter (H) from manual P and Swave picks from 14
Verification of theoretically computed spectra for a point rotating in a vertical plane
Powell, D.C.; Connell, J.R.; George, R.L.
1985-03-01
A theoretical model is modified and tested that produces the power spectrum of the alongwind component of turbulence as experienced by a point rotating in a vertical plane perpendicular to the mean wind direction. The ability to generate such a power spectrum, independent of measurement, is important in wind turbine design and testing. The radius of the circle of rotation, its height above the ground, and the rate of rotation are typical for those for a MOD-OA wind turbine. Verification of this model is attempted by comparing two sets of variances that correspond to individual harmonic bands of spectra of turbulence in the rotational frame. One set of variances is calculated by integrating the theoretically generated rotational spectra; the other is calculated by integrating rotational spectra from real data analysis. The theoretical spectrum is generated by Fourier transformation of an autocorrelation function taken from von Karman and modified for the rotational frame. The autocorrelation is based on dimensionless parameters, each of which incorporates both atmospheric and wind turbine parameters. The real data time series are formed by sampling around the circle of anemometers of the Vertical Plane Array at the former MOD-OA site at Clayton, New Mexico.
Nikiforov, Alexander; Gamez, Jose A.; Thiel, Walter; Huix-Rotllant, Miquel; Filatov, Michael
2014-09-28
Quantum-chemical computational methods are benchmarked for their ability to describe conical intersections in a series of organic molecules and models of biological chromophores. Reference results for the geometries, relative energies, and branching planes of conical intersections are obtained using ab initio multireference configuration interaction with single and double excitations (MRCISD). They are compared with the results from more approximate methods, namely, the state-interaction state-averaged restricted ensemble-referenced Kohn-Sham method, spin-flip time-dependent density functional theory, and a semiempirical MRCISD approach using an orthogonalization-corrected model. It is demonstrated that these approximate methods reproduce the ab initio reference data very well, with root-mean-square deviations in the optimized geometries of the order of 0.1 Å or less and with reasonable agreement in the computed relative energies. A detailed analysis of the branching plane vectors shows that all currently applied methods yield similar nuclear displacements for escaping the strong non-adiabatic coupling region near the conical intersections. Our comparisons support the use of the tested quantum-chemical methods for modeling the photochemistry of large organic and biological systems.
The plane strain shear fracture of the advanced high strength steels
Sun, Li
2013-12-16
The “shear fracture” which occurs at the high-curvature die radii in the sheet metal forming has been reported to remarkably limit the application of the advanced high strength steels (AHSS) in the automobile industry. However, this unusual fracture behavior generally cannot be predicted by the traditional forming limit diagram (FLD). In this research, a new experimental system was developed in order to simulate the shear fracture, especially at the plane strain state which is the most common state in the auto-industry and difficult to achieve in the lab due to sample size. Furthermore, the system has the capability to operate in a strain rate range from quasi-static state to the industrial forming state. One kinds of AHSS, Quenching-Partitioning (QP) steels have been performed in this test and the results show that the limiting fracture strain is related to the bending ratio and strain rate. The experimental data support that deformation-induced heating is an important cause of “shear fracture” phenomena for AHSS: a deformation-induced quasi-heating caused by smaller bending ratio and high strain rate produce a smaller limiting plane strain and lead a “shear fracture” in the component.
The JCMT Plane Survey: early results from the l = 30 degree field
Moore, T J T; Thompson, M A; Parsons, H; Urquhart, J S; Eden, D J; Dempsey, J T; Morgan, L K; Thomas, H S; Buckle, J; Brunt, C M; Butner, H; Carretero, D; Chrysostomou, A; deVilliers, H M; Fich, M; Hoare, M G; Manser, G; Mottram, J C; Natario, C; Olguin, F; Peretto, N; Polychroni, D; Redman, R O; Rigby, A J; Salji, C; Summers, L J; Berry, D; Currie, M J; Jenness, T; Pestalozzi, M; Traficante, A; Bastien, P; diFrancesco, J; Davis, C J; Evans, A; Friberg, P; Fuller, G A; Gibb, A G; Gibson, S J; Hill, T; Johnstone, D; Joncas, G; Longmore, S N; Lumsden, S L; Martin, P G; Luong, Q Nguyen; Pineda, J E; Purcell, C; Richer, J S; Schieven, G H; Shipman, R; Spaans, M; Taylor, A R; Viti, S; Weferling, B; White, G J; Zhu, M
2015-01-01
We present early results from the JCMT Plane Survey (JPS), which has surveyed the northern inner Galactic plane between longitudes l=7 and l=63 degrees in the 850-{\\mu}m continuum with SCUBA-2, as part of the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope Legacy Survey programme. Data from the l=30 degree survey region, which contains the massive star-forming regions W43 and G29.96, are analysed after approximately 40% of the observations had been completed. The pixel-to-pixel noise is found to be 19 mJy/beam, after a smooth over the beam area, and the projected equivalent noise levels in the final survey are expected to be around 10 mJy/beam. An initial extraction of compact sources was performed using the FellWalker method resulting in the detection of 1029 sources above a 5-{\\sigma} surface-brightness threshold. The completeness limits in these data are estimated to be around 0.2 Jy/beam (peak flux density) and 0.8 Jy (integrated flux density) and are therefore probably already dominated by source confusion in this relativ...
Discovery of a GeV Blazar Shining Through the Galactic Plane
Vandenbroucke, J.; Buehler, R.; Ajello, M.; Bechtol, K.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Bellini, A.; /Padua U., Astron. Dept. /Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci.; Bolte, M.; /UC, Santa Cruz; Cheung, C.C.; /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /NAS, Washington, D.C.; Civano, F.; /Smithsonian Astrophys. Observ.; Donato, D.; /NASA, Goddard; Fuhrmann, L.; /Bonn, Max Planck Inst., Radioastron.; Funk, S.; Healey, S.E.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Hill, A.B.; /Joseph Fourier U.; Knigge, C.; /Southampton U.; Madejski, G.M.; Romani, R.W.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Santander-Garcia, M.; /IAC, La Laguna /Isaac Newton Group /Laguna U., Tenerife; Shaw, M.S.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Steeghs, D.; /Warwick U.; Torres, M.A.P.; /Smithsonian Astrophys. Observ.; Van Etten, A.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC /Texas U., Astron. Dept.
2011-08-11
The Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) discovered a new gamma-ray source near the Galactic plane, Fermi J0109+6134, when it flared brightly in 2010 February. The low Galactic latitude (b = -1.2{sup o}) indicated that the source could be located within the Galaxy, which motivated rapid multi-wavelength follow-up including radio, optical, and X-ray observations. We report the results of analyzing all 19 months of LAT data for the source, and of X-ray observations with both Swift and the Chandra X-ray Observatory. We determined the source redshift, z = 0.783, using a Keck LRIS observation. Finally, we compiled a broadband spectral energy distribution (SED) from both historical and new observations contemporaneous with the 2010 February flare. The redshift, SED, optical line width, X-ray obsorption, and multi-band variability indicate that this new Gev source is a blazar seen through the Galactic plane. Because several of the optical emission lines have equivalent width > 5 {angstrom}, this blazar belongs in the flat-spectrum radio quasar category.
Not Available
2014-11-01
This guide provides information and recommendations to the following groups: Insulation contractors, General contractors, Builders, Home remodelers, Mechanical contractors, and Homeowners as a guide to the work that needs to be done. The order of work completed during home construction and retrofit improvements is important. Health and safety issues must be addressed first and are more important than durability issues. And durability issues are more important than saving energy. Not all techniques can apply to all houses. Special conditions will require special action. Some builders or homeowners will wish to do more than the important but basic retrofit strategies outlined by this guide. The following are best practice and product recommendations from the interviewed contractors and home builders who collectively have a vast amount of experience. Three significant items were discussed with the group which are required to make taped insulating sheathing a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane: 4. Horizontal joints should be limited or eliminated wherever possible 5. Where a horizontal joint exists use superior materials 6. Frequent installation inspection and regular trade training are required to maintain proper installation Section 5 of this measure guideline contains the detailed construction procedure for the three recommended methods to effectively seal the joints in exterior insulating sheathing to create a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane.
Power spectrum analysis of polarized emission from the Canadian galactic plane survey
Stutz, R. A.; Rosolowsky, E. W. [University of British Columbia Okanagan, 3333 University Way, Kelowna BC, V1V 1V7 (Canada); Kothes, R.; Landecker, T. L. [National Research Council Canada, Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory, Box 248, Penticton, BC, V2A 6J9 (Canada)
2014-05-20
Angular power spectra are calculated and presented for the entirety of the Canadian Galactic Plane Survey polarization data set at 1.4 GHz covering an area of 1060 deg{sup 2}. The data analyzed are a combination of data from the 100 m Effelsberg Telescope, the 26 m Telescope at the Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory, and the Synthesis Telescope at the Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory, allowing all scales to be sampled down to arcminute resolution. The resulting power spectra cover multipoles from ? ? 60 to ? ? 10{sup 4} and display both a power-law component at low multipoles and a flattening at high multipoles from point sources. We fit the power spectrum with a model that accounts for these components and instrumental effects. The resulting power-law indices are found to have a mode of 2.3, similar to previous results. However, there are significant regional variations in the index, defying attempts to characterize the emission with a single value. The power-law index is found to increase away from the Galactic plane. A transition from small-scale to large-scale structure is evident at b = 9°, associated with the disk-halo transition in a 15° region around l = 108°. Localized variations in the index are found toward H II regions and supernova remnants, but the interpretation of these variations is inconclusive. The power in the polarized emission is anticorrelated with bright thermal emission (traced by H? emission) indicating that the thermal emission depolarizes background synchrotron emission.
Stress-energy tensor in colliding plane wave space-times: An approximation procedure
Miquel Dorca
1997-11-07
In a recent work on the quantization of a massless scalar field in a particular colliding plane wave space-time, we computed the vacuum expectation value of the stress-energy tensor on the physical state which corresponds to the Minkowski vacuum before the collision of the waves. We did such a calculation in a region close to both the Killing-Cauchy horizon and the folding singularities that such a space-time contains. In the present paper, we give a suitable approximation procedure to compute this expectation value, in the conformal coupling case, throughout the causal past of the center of the collision. This will allow us to approximately study the evolution of such an expectation value from the beginning of the collision until the formation of the Killing-Cauchy horizon. We start with a null expectation value before the arrival of the waves, which then acquires nonzero values at the beginning of the collision and grows unbounded towards the Killing-Cauchy horizon. The value near the horizon is compatible with our previous result, which means that such an approximation may be applied to other colliding plane wave space-times. Even with this approximation, the initial modes propagated into the interaction region contain a function which cannot be calculated exactly and to ensure the correct regularization of the stress-energy tensor with the point-splitting technique, this function must be given up to adiabatic order four of approximation.
The Fundamental Plane of Early Type Galaxies in Nearby Clusters from the WINGS Database
M. D'Onofrio; G. Fasano; J. Varela; D. Bettoni; M. Moles; P. Kjaergaard; E. Pignatelli; B. Poggianti; D. Dressler; A. Cava; J. Fritz; W. J. Couch; A. Omizzolo
2008-06-27
By exploting the data of three large surveys (WINGS, NFPS and SDSS), we present here a comparative analysis of the Fundamental Plane (FP hereafter) of the early-type galaxies (ETGs) belonging to 59 galaxy clusters in the redshift range $0.04kinematic variables, the coefficients of the FP are strongly influenced by a number of things, mainly related to the distribution of photometric/kinematic properties of galaxies in the particular sample under analysis. For instance, the $a$ coefficient derived for the whole sample of ETGs, turns out to decrease when faint galaxies are progressively removed from the sample, suggesting that bright and faint ETGs have systematically different FPs, likely because of different mechanisms of galaxy formation. In general, by comparing mock cluster samples with the real one, we conclude that the observed variances of the FP coefficients cannot be attributed just to statistical uncertainties. We speculate that the FP is actually a bent surface, which is approximated by different planes when different selection criteria, either chosen or induced by observations, are acting to define galaxies samples. We also find ...
Advanced Technology for Railway Hydraulic Hazard Forecasting
Huff, William Edward 1988-
2012-12-05
Railroad bridges and culverts in the United States are often subject to extreme floods, which have been known to washout sections of track and ultimately lead to derailments. The potential for these events is particularly high in the western U...
BNSF Railway Matt Rose Executive Chairman
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1 Table 1.101 (Million Short6RU N INDIANA315BNSF
Vahlenkamp, Matthias Wählisch Thomas C Schmidt Markus
2012-01-01
Information-centric networking approaches attract much attention in the ongoing search for a future communication paradigm of the Internet. Replacing the host-to-host connectivity by a data-oriented publish/subscribe service eases content distribution and authentication by concept, while eliminating all threats from unwanted traffic. However, current proposals to content routing heavily rely on data-driven protocol events and thereby introduce a strong coupling of the control to the data plane in the underlying routing infrastructure. In this paper, we analyze in theory and practical experiments threats to the stability and performance of the content distribution system. We discuss new attack vectors present in its current state of development, as well as possibilities and limitations to mitigate them.
Infinite slabs and other weird plane symmetric space-times with constant positive density
Ricardo E. Gamboa Saravi
2007-09-20
We present the exact solution of Einstein's equation corresponding to a static and plane symmetric distribution of matter with constant positive density located below $z=0$. This solution depends essentially on two constants: the density $\\rho$ and a parameter $\\kappa$. We show that this space-time finishes down below at an inner singularity at finite depth. We match this solution to the vacuum one and compute the external gravitational field in terms of slab's parameters. Depending on the value of $\\kappa$, these slabs can be attractive, repulsive or neutral. In the first case, the space-time also finishes up above at another singularity. In the other cases, they turn out to be semi-infinite and asymptotically flat when $z\\to\\infty$. We also find solutions consisting of joining an attractive slab and a repulsive one, and two neutral ones. We also discuss how to assemble a "gravitational capacitor" by inserting a slice of vacuum between two such slabs.
Jorge L. deLyra
2015-03-24
A correspondence between arbitrary Fourier series and certain analytic functions on the unit disk of the complex plane is established. The expression of the Fourier coefficients is derived from the structure of complex analysis. The orthogonality and completeness relations of the Fourier basis are derived in the same way. It is shown that the limiting function of any Fourier series is also the limit to the unit circle of an analytic function in the open unit disk. An alternative way to recover the original real functions from the Fourier coefficients, which works even when the Fourier series are divergent, is thus presented. The convergence issues are discussed up to a certain point. Other possible uses of the correspondence established are pointed out.
A plane wave analysis of coherent holographic image reconstruction by phase transfer
Field, Jeffrey J; Bartels, Randy A
2015-01-01
Fluorescent imaging plays a critical role in a myriad of scientific endeavors, particularly in the biological sciences. Three-dimensional imaging of fluorescent intensity often requires serial data acquisition, that is voxel-by-voxel collection of fluorescent light emitted throughout the specimen with a non-imaging single-element detector. While non-imaging fluorescence detection offers some measure of scattering robustness, the rate at which dynamic specimens can be imaged is severely limited. Other fluorescent imaging techniques utilize imaging detection to enhance collection rates. A notable example is light-sheet fluorescence microscopy, also known as selective-plane illumination microscopy (SPIM), which illuminates a large region within the specimen and collects emitted fluorescent light at an angle either perpendicular or oblique to the illumination light sheet. Unfortunately, scattering of the emitted fluorescent light can cause blurring of the collected images in highly turbid biological media. We rec...
M. Kumar; S. Sahoo
2012-07-02
Time interval between the incident and scattered photon in Raman effect and absorption of photon and emission of electron in photoelectric effect has not been determined till now. This is because there is no such high level instrument discovered till now to detect time interval to such a small level. But this can be calculated theoretically by applying a basic principle of physics like impulse is equal to the change in momentum. Considering the collision between electron and photon as perfect inelastic collision in photoelectric effect, elastic and inelastic collision in Raman effect and elastic collision in plane mirror reflection and the interaction between electron and photon as strong gravitational interaction we calculate the required time interval. During these phenomena there is lattice vibration which can be quantized as phonon particles.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Soehnel, Grant
2015-01-20
The minority carrier lifetime is a measurable material property that is an indication of infrared detector device performance. To study the utility of measuring the carrier lifetime, an experiment has been constructed that can time resolve the photo-luminescent decay of a detector or wafer sample housed inside a liquid nitrogen cooled Dewar. Motorized stages allow the measurement to be scanned over the sample surface, and spatial resolutions as low as 50µm have been demonstrated. A carrier recombination simulation was developed to analyze the experimental data. Results from measurements performed on 4 mercury cadmium telluride focal plane arrays show strong correlationmore »between spatial maps of the lifetime, dark current, and relative response.« less
Glide-plane symmetry and superconducting gap structure of iron-based superconductors
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Wang, Yan; Berlijn, Tom; Hirschfeld, Peter J.; Scalapino, Douglas J.; Maier, Thomas A.
2015-03-10
We consider the effect of glide-plane symmetry of the Fe-pnictogen/chalcogen layer in Fe-based superconductors on pairing in spin fluctuation models. Recent theories propose that so-called ?-pairing states with nonzero total momentum can be realized and possess such exotic properties as odd parity spin singlet symmetry and time-reversal symmetry breaking. Here we show that when there is orbital weight at the Fermi level from orbitals with even and odd mirror reflection symmetry in z, ? pairing is inevitable; however, we conclude from explicit calculation that the gap function appearing in observable quantities is identical to that found in earlier pseudocrystal momentummore »calculations with 1 Fe per unit cell.« less
AdS-plane wave and pp-wave solutions of generic gravity theories
Metin Gurses; Tahsin Cagri Sisman; Bayram Tekin
2014-11-05
We construct the AdS-plane wave solutions of generic gravity theory built on the arbitrary powers of the Riemann tensor and its derivatives in analogy with the pp-wave solutions. In constructing the wave solutions of the generic theory, we show that the most general two tensor built from the Riemann tensor and its derivatives can be written in terms of the traceless-Ricci tensor. Quadratic gravity theory plays a major role; therefore, we revisit the wave solutions in this theory. As examples to our general formalism, we work out the six-dimensional conformal gravity and its nonconformal deformation as well as the tricritical gravity, the Lanczos-Lovelock theory, and string-generated cubic curvature theory.
The radiative heat transfer between a rotating nanoparticle and a plane surface
Vahid Ameri; Mehdi Shafei Aporvari; Fardin Kheirandish
2015-06-03
Based on a microscopic approach, we propose a Lagrangian for the combined system of a rotating dielectric nanoparticle above a plane surface in the presence of electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations. In the framework of canonical quantization, the electromagnetic vacuum field is quantized in the presence of dielectric fields describing the nanoparticle and a semi-infinite dielectric with planar interface. The radiative heat power absorbed by the rotating nanoparticle is obtained and the result is in agreement with previous results when the the rotational frequency of the nanoparticle is zero or much smaller than the relaxation frequency of the dielectrics. The well known near field effect is reexamined and discussed in terms of the rotational frequency. The radiative heat power absorbed by the nanoparticle for well-known peak frequencies, is plotted in terms of the rotational frequency showing an interesting effect resembling a phase transition around a critical frequency, determined by the relaxation frequency of the dielectrics.
Topologically Massive Yang-Mills field on the Null-Plane: A Hamilton-Jacobi approach
Bertin, M. C.; Pimentel, B. M.; Valcarcel, C. E.; Zambrano, G. E. R.
2010-11-12
Non-abelian gauge theories are super-renormalizable in 2+1 dimensions and suffer from infrared divergences. These divergences can be avoided by adding a Chern-Simons term, i.e., building a Topologically Massive Theory. In this sense, we are interested in the study of the Topologically Massive Yang-Mills theory on the Null-Plane. Since this is a gauge theory, we need to analyze its constraint structure which is done with the Hamilton-Jacobi formalism. We are able to find the complete set of Hamiltonian densities, and build the Generalized Brackets of the theory. With the GB we obtain a set of involutive Hamiltonian densities, generators of the evolution of the system.
Discovery of Diffuse TeV Gamma-Ray Emission from the Galactic Plane
Fleysher, R; Benbow, W; Berley, D; Blaufuss, E; Coyne, D G; De Young, T R; Dingus, B L; Dorfan, D E; Ellsworth, R W; Fleysher, L; Gisler, G; González, M M; Goodman, J A; Haines, T J; Hays, E; Hoffman, C M; Kelley, L A; Lansdell, C P; Linnemann, J T; McEnery, J E; Miller, R S; Mincer, A I; Morales, M F; Némethy, P; Noyes, D; Ryan, J M; Samuelson, F W; Saz-Parkinson, P M; Shoup, A; Sinnis, G; Smith, A J; Sullivan, G W; Williams, D A; Wilson, M E; Xu, X W; Yodh, G B
2005-01-01
Gamma-ray emission from a narrow band at the Galactic equator has previously been detected up to 30 GeV. We report the first observation of a diffuse Galactic plane gamma-ray signal at TeV energies by Milagro, a large field of view water Cherenkov detector for extensive air showers. An excess with a significance of 4.5 sigma has been observed from the region of Galactic longitude 40 1TeV) = 5.1 +/-1.0 +/-1.7 10^{-10} cm^{-2}s^{-1} sr^{-1}$. This flux is below, but consistent with, an extrapolation of the EGRET spectrum between 1 and 30 GeV in this Galactic region.
Specific heat of twisted bilayer graphene: Engineering phonons by atomic plane rotations
Nika, Denis L. [E. Pokatilov Laboratory of Physics and Engineering of Nanomaterials, Department of Physics and Engineering, Moldova State University, Chisinau MD-2009, Republic of Moldova (Moldova, Republic of); Nano-Device Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering Program, Bourns College of Engineering, University of California—Riverside, Riverside, California, 92521 (United States); Cocemasov, Alexandr I. [E. Pokatilov Laboratory of Physics and Engineering of Nanomaterials, Department of Physics and Engineering, Moldova State University, Chisinau MD-2009, Republic of Moldova (Moldova, Republic of); Balandin, Alexander A., E-mail: balandin@ee.ucr.edu [Nano-Device Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering Program, Bourns College of Engineering, University of California—Riverside, Riverside, California, 92521 (United States)
2014-07-21
We have studied the phonon specific heat in single-layer, bilayer, and twisted bilayer graphene. The calculations were performed using the Born-von Karman model of lattice dynamics for intralayer atomic interactions and spherically symmetric interatomic potential for interlayer interactions. We found that at temperature T?planes.
Glide-plane symmetry and superconducting gap structure of iron-based superconductors
Wang, Yan [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Univ. of Florida, Gainsville, FL (United States); Berlijn, Tom [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Hirschfeld, Peter J. [Univ. of Florida, Gainsville, FL (United States); Scalapino, Douglas J. [Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); Maier, Thomas A. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
2015-01-01
We consider the effect of glide-plane symmetry of the Fe-pnictogen/chalcogen layer in Fe-based superconductors on pairing in spin fluctuation models. Recent theories have proposed that so-called ?-pairing states with nonzero total momentum can be realized and possess exotic properties such as odd parity spin singlet symmetry and time-reversal symmetry breaking. Here we show that ? pairing is inevitable when there is orbital weight at the Fermi level from orbitals with even and odd mirror reflection symmetry in z; however, by explicit calculation, we conclude that the gap function that appears in observable quantities is identical to that found in earlier, 1 Fe per unit cell pseudocrystal momentum calculations.
Stochastic analysis of the time evolution of Laminar-Turbulent bands of plane Couette flow
Rolland, Joran
2015-01-01
This article is concerned with the time evolution of the oblique laminar-turbulent bands of transitional plane Couette flow under the influence of turbulent noise. Our study is focused on the amplitude of modulation of turbulence. In order to guide the numerical study of the flow, we first perform an analytical and numerical analysis of a Stochastic Ginzburg-Landau equation for a complex order parameter. The modulus of this order parameter models the amplitude of modulation of turbulence. Firstly, we compute the autocorrelation function of said modulus once the band is established. Secondly, we perform a calculation of average and fluctuations around the exponential growth of the order parameter. This type of analysis is similar to the Stochastic Structural Stability Theory. We then perform numerical simulations of the Navier-Stokes equations in order to confront these predictions with the actual behaviour of the bands. Computation of the autocorrelation function of the modulation of turbulence shows quantita...
Reaction Plane and Beam Energy Dependence Of The Balance Function at RHIC
Hui Wang; for the STAR collaboration
2012-01-01
The balance function, which measures the correlation between opposite sign charge pairs, is sensitive to the mechanisms of charge formation and the subsequent relative diffusion of the balancing charges. The study of the balance function can provide information about charge creation time as well as the subsequent collective behavior of particles. In this paper, we present a reaction-plane-dependent balance function study for Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 200 GeV and compare with results from recent three particle correlation measurements. We also report balance functions for relative pseudorapidity ($\\Delta \\eta$), relative rapidity ($\\Delta y$), and relative azimuthal angle ($\\Delta \\phi$) from the recent RHIC beam energy scan data.
Tomasz Schreiber
2009-05-02
We consider polygonal Markov fields originally introduced by Arak and Surgailis (1982,1989). Our attention is focused on fields with nodes of order two, which can be regarded as continuum ensembles of non-intersecting contours in the plane, sharing a number of salient features with the two-dimensional Ising model. The purpose of this paper is to establish an explicit stochastic representation for the higher-order correlation functions of polygonal Markov fields in their consistency regime. The representation is given in terms of the so-called crop functionals (defined by a Moebius-type formula) of polygonal webs which arise in a graphical construction dual to that giving rise to polygonal fields. The proof of our representation formula goes by constructing a martingale interpolation between the correlation functions of polygonal fields and crop functionals of polygonal webs.
Misra, Abha; Tyagi, Pawan K.; Rai, Padmnabh; Misra, D. S.; Ghatak, Jay; Satyam, P. V.; Avasthi, D. K.
2006-08-28
In a recent letter Tyagi et al. [Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 253110 (2005)] have reported the special orientation of nickel planes inside multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with respect to the tube axis. Heavy ion irradiation has been performed with 1.5 MeV Au{sup 2+} and 100 MeV Au{sup 7+} ions on these nickel filled MWCNTs at fluences ranging from 10{sup 12} to 10{sup 15} ions/cm{sup 2} at room temperature. Ion-induced modifications have been studied using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The diffraction pattern and the lattice imaging showed the presence of ion-induced planar defects on the tube walls and completely amorphized encapsulated nickel nanorods. The results are discussed in terms of thermal spike model.
Basal-plane thermal conductivity of few-layer molybdenum disulfide
Jo, Insun; Ou, Eric; Shi, Li; Pettes, Michael Thompson; Wu, Wei
2014-05-19
We report the in-plane thermal conductivity of suspended exfoliated few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS{sub 2}) samples that were measured by suspended micro-devices with integrated resistance thermometers. The obtained room-temperature thermal conductivity values are (44–50) and (48–52) W m{sup ?1} K{sup ?1} for two samples that are 4 and 7 layers thick, respectively. For both samples, the peak thermal conductivity occurs at a temperature close to 120?K, above which the thermal conductivity is dominated by intrinsic phonon-phonon scattering although phonon scattering by surface disorders can still play an important role in these samples especially at low temperatures.
Random Vortex-Street Model for a Self-Similar Plane Turbulent Jet
Victor L'vov; Anna Pomyalov; Itamar Procaccia; Rama Govindarajan
2008-03-18
We ask what determines the (small) angle of turbulent jets. To answer this question we first construct a deterministic vortex-street model representing the large scale structure in a self-similar plane turbulent jet. Without adjustable parameters the model reproduces the mean velocity profiles and the transverse positions of the large scale structures, including their mean sweeping velocities, in a quantitative agreement with experiments. Nevertheless the exact self similar arrangement of the vortices (or any other deterministic model) necessarily leads to a collapse of the jet angle. The observed (small) angle results from a competition between vortex sweeping tending to strongly collapse the jet and randomness in the vortex structure, with the latter resulting in a weak spreading of the jet.
American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia
2005-01-01
1.1 This test method covers a procedure for measuring in-plane lengths (including deflections) of patterned thin films. It applies only to films, such as found in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) materials, which can be imaged using an optical interferometer. 1.2 There are other ways to determine in-plane lengths. Using the design dimensions typically provides more precise in-plane length values than using measurements taken with an optical interferometer. (Interferometric measurements are typically more precise than measurements taken with an optical microscope.) This test method is intended for use when interferometric measurements are preferred over using the design dimensions (for example, when measuring in-plane deflections and when measuring lengths in an unproven fabrication process). 1.3 This test method uses a non-contact optical interferometer with the capability of obtaining topographical 3-D data sets. It is performed in the laboratory. 1.4 The maximum in-plane length measured is determine...
Zhang, Xiaozhi; Yue, Zhenxing Meng, Siqin; Yuan, Lixin
2014-12-28
In-plane c-axis oriented Ba-hexaferrite (BaM) thin films were prepared on a-plane (112{sup ¯}0) sapphire (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) substrates by DC magnetron sputtering followed by ex-situ annealing. The DC magnetron sputtering was demonstrated to have obvious advantages over the traditionally used RF magnetron sputtering in sputtering rate and operation simplicity. The sputtering power had a remarkable influence on the Ba/Fe ratio, the hematite secondary phase, and the grain morphology of the as-prepared BaM films. Under 80?W of sputtering power, in-plane c-axis highly oriented BaM films were obtained. These films had strong magnetic anisotropy with high hysteresis loop squareness (M{sub r}/M{sub s} of 0.96) along the in-plane easy axis and low M{sub r}/M{sub s} of 0.03 along the in-plane hard axis. X-ray diffraction patterns and pole figures revealed that the oriented BaM films grew via an epitaxy-like growth process with the crystallographic relationship BaM (101{sup ¯}0)//?-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}(112{sup ¯}0)//Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}(112{sup ¯}0)
A SOUTHERN SKY AND GALACTIC PLANE SURVEY FOR BRIGHT KUIPER BELT OBJECTS
Sheppard, Scott S.; Udalski, Andrzej; Kubiak, Marcin; Pietrzynski, Grzegorz; Poleski, Radoslaw; Soszynski, Igor; Szymanski, Michal K.; Ulaczyk, Krzysztof; Trujillo, Chadwick
2011-10-15
About 2500 deg{sup 2} of sky south of declination -25{sup 0} and/or near the Galactic Plane were surveyed for bright outer solar system objects. This survey is one of the first large-scale southern sky and Galactic Plane surveys to detect dwarf planets and other bright Kuiper Belt Objects in the trans-Neptunian region. The survey was able to obtain a limiting R-band magnitude of 21.6. In all, 18 outer solar system objects were detected, including Pluto which was detected near the Galactic center using optimal image subtraction techniques to remove the high stellar density background. Fourteen of the detections were previously unknown trans-Neptunian objects, demonstrating that the southern sky had not been well searched to date for bright outer solar system objects. Assuming moderate albedos, several of the new discoveries from this survey could be in hydrostatic equilibrium and thus could be considered dwarf planets. Combining this survey with previous surveys from the northern hemisphere suggests that the Kuiper Belt is nearly complete to around 21st magnitude in the R band. All the main dynamical classes in the Kuiper Belt are occupied by at least one dwarf-planet-sized object. The 3:2 Neptune resonance, which is the innermost well-populated Neptune resonance, has several large objects while the main outer Neptune resonances such as the 5:3, 7:4, 2:1, and 5:2 do not appear to have any large objects. This indicates that the outer resonances are either significantly depleted in objects relative to the 3:2 resonance or have a significantly different assortment of objects than the 3:2 resonance. For the largest objects (H < 4.5 mag), the scattered disk population appears to have a few times more objects than the main Kuiper Belt (MKB) population, while the Sedna population could be several times more than that of the MKB.
A Chandra Deep X-ray Exposure on the Galactic Plane and Near Infrared Identification
K. Ebisawa; A. Paizis; T. J. -L. Couvoisier; P. Dubath; M. Tsujimoto; K. Hamaguchi; V. Beckmann; A. Bamba; A. Senda; M. Ueno; H. Kaneda; Y. Maeda; G. Sato; S. Yamauchi; R. Cutri; E. Nishihara
2004-07-09
Using the Chandra ACIS-I instruments, we have carried out a deep X-ray observation on the Galactic plane region at (l,b) ~ (28.5, 0.0), where no discrete X-ray sources have been known previously. We have detected, as well as strong diffuse emission, 274 new point X-ray sources (4 sigma confidence) within two partially overlapping fields (~250 arcmin^2 in total) down to the flux limit ~3 x 10^{-15} $ erg s^{-1} cm^{-2} (2 -- 10 keV) and ~ 7 x 10^{-16} erg s^{-1} cm^{-2} (0.5 -- 2 keV). We clearly resolved point sources and the Galactic diffuse emission, and found that ~ 90 % of the flux observed in our field of view originates from diffuse emission. Many point sources are detected either in the soft X-ray band (below 2 keV) or in the hard band (above 2 keV), and only a small number of sources are detected in both energy bands. On the other hand, most soft X-ray sources are considered to be nearby X-ray active stars. We have carried out a follow-up near-infrared (NIR) observation using SOFI at ESO/NTT. Most of the soft X-ray sources were identified, whereas only a small number of hard X-ray sources had counterparts in NIR. Using both X-ray and NIR information, we can efficiently classify the point X-ray sources detected in the Galactic plane. We conclude that most of the hard X-ray sources are background Active Galactic Nuclei seen through the Milky Way, whereas majority of the soft X-ray sources are nearby X-ray active stars.
Transport in arrays of submicron Josephson junctions over a ground plane
Ho, Teressa Rae [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (US). Dept. of Physics
1997-12-01
One-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) arrays of Al islands linked by submicron Al/Al{sub x}O{sub y}/Al tunnel junctions were fabricated on an insulating layer grown on a ground plane. The arrays were cooled to temperatures as low as 20 mK where the Josephson coupling energy E{sub J} of each junction and the charging energy E{sub C} of each island were much greater than the thermal energy k{sub B}T. The capacitance C{sub g} between each island and the ground plane was much greater than the junction capacitance C. Two classes of arrays were studied. In the first class, the normal state tunneling resistance of the junctions was much larger than the resistance quantum for single electrons, R{sub N}{much_gt} R{sub Q{sub e}}{identical_to} h/e{sup 2} {approx} 25.8 k{Omega}, and the islands were driven normal by an applied magnetic field such that E{sub J} = 0 and the array was in the Coulomb blockade regime. The arrays were made on degenerately-doped Si, thermally oxidized to a thickness of approximately 100 nm. The current-voltage (I - V) characteristics of a 1D and a 2D array were measured and found to display a threshold voltage V{sub T} below which little current flows. In the second class of arrays, the normal state tunneling resistance of the junctions was close to the resistance quantum for Cooper pairs, R{sub N}{approx}R{sub Q}{equivalent_to}h/4e{sup 4}{approx}6.45k{Omega}, such that E{sub J}/E{sub C}{approx}1. The arrays were made on GaAs/Al{sub 0.3}Ga{sub 0.7}As heterostructures with a two-dimensional electron gas approximately 100 nm below the surface. One array displayed superconducting behavior at low temperature. Two arrays displayed insulating behavior at low temperature, and the size of the Coulomb gap increased with increasing R{sub g}.
High Efficiency m-plane LEDs on Low Defect Density Bulk GaN Substrates
David, Aurelien
2012-10-15
Solid-state lighting is a key technology for reduction of energy consumption in the US and worldwide. In principle, by replacing standard incandescent bulbs and other light sources with sources based on light-emitting diodes (LEDs), ultimate energy efficiency can be achieved. The efficiency of LEDs has improved tremendously over the past two decades, however further progress is required for solid- state lighting to reach its full potential. The ability of an LED at converting electricity to light is quantified by its internal quantum efficiency (IQE). The material of choice for visible LEDs is Gallium Nitride (GaN), which is at the basis of blue-emitting LEDs. A key factor limiting the performance of GaN LEDs is the so-called efficiency droop, whereby the IQE of the LED decreases significantly at high current density. Despite decades of research, efficiency droop remains a major issue. Since high-current operation is necessary for practical lighting applications, reducing droop is a major challenge for the scientific community and the LED industry. Our approach to solving the droop issue is the use of newly available low-defect-density bulk GaN non-polar substrates. In contrast to the standard foreign substrates (sapphire, silicon carbide, silicon) used in the industry, we have employed native bulk GaN substrates with very low defect density, thus ensuring exquisite material quality and high IQE. Whereas all commercial LEDs are grown along the c-plane crystal direction of GaN, we have used m-plane non-polar substrates; these drastically modify the physical properties of the LED and enable a reduction of droop. With this approach, we have demonstrated very high IQE performance and low droop. Our results focused on violet and blue LEDs. For these, we have demonstrated very high peak IQEs and current droops of 6% and 10% respectively (up to a high current density of 200A.cm-2). All these results were obtained under electrical operation. These high IQE and low droop values are in line with the program’s milestones. They demonstrate that bulk non-polar GaN substrates represent a disruptive technology for LED performance. Application of this technology to real-world products is feasible, provided that the cost of GaN substrates is compatible with the market’s requirement.
Santala, Melissa K.; Glaeser, Andreas M.
2005-09-07
Internal, high-aspect-ratio pore channels with their long axes parallel to the m(10{bar 1}0) plane of sapphire were generated through sequential application of photolithography, ion-beam etching and solid-state diffusion bonding. The axial orientation of channels within the m plane was systematically varied to sample a range of bounding-surface crystallographies. The morphologic evolution of these pore channels during anneals at 1700 C was recorded by postanneal optical microscopy. The development and growth of periodic axial variations in the pore channel radius was observed, and ultimately led to the formation of discrete pores. The wavelength and average pore spacing, assumed to reflect the kinetically dominant perturbation wavelength, varied with the in-plane pore channel orientation, as did the time for complete channel breakup. Results are compared to those previously obtained when pore channels were etched into c(0001)-plane sapphire and annealed under similar conditions. The results indicate a strong effect of surface stability on the evolution behavior.
Ayazi, Farrokh
-Plane Accelerometers With Reduced Capacitive Gaps and Extra Seismic Mass Reza Abdolvand, Student Member, IEEE, Babak silicon-on-insulator substrates. The iner- tial mass of the sensor is significantly increased by keeping--Accelerometer, aspect ratio, micromechanical, silicon-on-insulator (SOI). I. INTRODUCTION DESPITE the substantial
Hanson, Andrea
2012-10-19
on mare glucose area under the curve (AUCg) or peak glucose (PG) and insulin (PI) concentrations (P >= 0.55). Mare insulin area under the curve (AUCi) tended to be influenced by the interaction between nutritional plane and ARG supplementation (P <= 0...
Bi-plane correlation imaging for improved detection of lung nodules Ehsan Samei1,2,3
Bi-plane correlation imaging for improved detection of lung nodules Ehsan Samei1,2,3 , David M radiography, digital radiography, stereoscopy, lung nodules, lung cancer, computer aided detection (CAD) 1. INTRODUCTION Lung cancer is a leading cause of death in the US, surpassing the mortality associated with breast
Bayreuther, GÃ¼nther
with magnetic transmission x-ray microscopy P. Fischer,a) T. EimuÂ¨ller, and G. SchuÂ¨tz University of Wu be designed by en- gaging, e.g., the different magnetic couplings between each layers. Due to a balanceMagnetic Microscopy and Imaging II John Chapman, Chairman Study of in-plane magnetic domains
Energy-Enstrophy Stability of beta-plane Kolmogorov Flow with Drag
Yue-Kin Tsang; William R. Young
2008-03-04
We develop a new nonlinear stability method, the Energy-Enstrophy (EZ) method, that is specialized to two-dimensional hydrodynamics; the method is applied to a beta-plane flow driven by a sinusoidal body force, and retarded by drag with damping time-scale mu^{-1}. The standard energy method (Fukuta and Murakami, J. Phys. Soc. Japan, 64, 1995, pp 3725) shows that the laminar solution is monotonically and globally stable in a certain portion of the (mu,beta)-parameter space. The EZ method proves nonlinear stability in a larger portion of the (mu,beta)-parameter space. And by penalizing high wavenumbers, the EZ method identifies a most strongly amplifying disturbance that is more physically realistic than that delivered by the energy method. Linear instability calculations are used to determine the region of the (mu,beta)-parameter space where the flow is unstable to infinitesimal perturbations. There is only a small gap between the linearly unstable region and the nonlinearly stable region, and full numerical solutions show only small transient amplification in that gap.
The improved decay rate for the heat semigroup with local magnetic field in the plane
David Krejcirik
2011-01-10
We consider the heat equation in the presence of compactly supported magnetic field in the plane. We show that the magnetic field leads to an improvement of the decay rate of the heat semigroup by a polynomial factor with power proportional to the distance of the total magnetic flux to the discrete set of flux quanta. The proof employs Hardy-type inequalities due to Laptev and Weidl for the two-dimensional magnetic Schroedinger operator and the method of self-similar variables and weighted Sobolev spaces for the heat equation. A careful analysis of the asymptotic behaviour of the heat equation in the similarity variables shows that the magnetic field asymptotically degenerates to an Aharonov-Bohm magnetic field with the same total magnetic flux, which leads asymptotically to the gain on the polynomial decay rate in the original physical variables. Since no assumptions about the symmetry of the magnetic field are made in the present work, it confirms that the recent results of Kovarik about large-time asymptotics of the heat kernel of magnetic Schroedinger operators with radially symmetric field hold in greater generality.
Alexander L. Dubov; Sebastian Schmieschek; Evgeny S. Asmolov; Jens Harting; Olga I. Vinogradova
2014-01-03
By means of lattice-Boltzmann simulations the drag force on a sphere of radius R approaching a superhydrophobic striped wall has been investigated as a function of arbitrary separation h. Superhydrophobic (perfect-slip vs. no-slip) stripes are characterized by a texture period L and a fraction of the gas area $\\phi$. For very large values of h/R we recover the macroscopic formulae for a sphere moving towards a hydrophilic no-slip plane. For h/R=O(1) and smaller the drag force is smaller than predicted by classical theories for hydrophilic no-slip surfaces, but larger than expected for a sphere interacting with a uniform perfectly slipping wall. At a thinner gap, $h\\ll R$ the force reduction compared to a classical result becomes more pronounced, and is maximized by increasing $\\phi$. In the limit of very small separations our simulation data are in quantitative agreement with an asymptotic equation, which relates a correction to a force for superhydrophobic slip to texture parameters. In addition, we examine the flow and pressure field and observe their oscillatory character in the transverse direction in the vicinity of the wall, which reflects the influence of the heterogeneity and anisotropy of the striped texture. Finally, we investigate the lateral force on the sphere, which is detectable in case of very small separations and is maximized by stripes with $\\phi=0.5$.
Dubov, Alexander L; Asmolov, Evgeny S; Harting, Jens; Vinogradova, Olga I
2014-01-01
By means of lattice-Boltzmann simulations the drag force on a sphere of radius R approaching a superhydrophobic striped wall has been investigated as a function of arbitrary separation h. Superhydrophobic (perfect-slip vs. no-slip) stripes are characterized by a texture period L and a fraction of the gas area $\\phi$. For very large values of h/R we recover the macroscopic formulae for a sphere moving towards a hydrophilic no-slip plane. For h/R=O(1) and smaller the drag force is smaller than predicted by classical theories for hydrophilic no-slip surfaces, but larger than expected for a sphere interacting with a uniform perfectly slipping wall. At a thinner gap, $h\\ll R$ the force reduction compared to a classical result becomes more pronounced, and is maximized by increasing $\\phi$. In the limit of very small separations our simulation data are in quantitative agreement with an asymptotic equation, which relates a correction to a force for superhydrophobic slip to texture parameters. In addition, we examine ...
Mechanical and statistical study of the laminar hole formation in transitional plane Couette flow
Rolland, Joran
2015-01-01
This article is concerned with the numerical study and modelling of two aspects the formation of laminar holes in transitional turbulence of plane Couette flow (PCF). On the one hand, we consider quenches: sudden decreases of the Reynolds number R which force the formation of holes. The Reynolds number is decreased from featureless turbulence to the range of existence of the oblique laminar-turbulent bands [Rg;Rt]. The successive stages of the quench are studied by means of visualisations and measurements of kinetic energy and turbulent fraction. The behaviour of the kinetic energy is explained using a kinetic energy budget: it shows that viscosity causes quasi modal decay until lift-up equals it and creates a new balance. Moreover, the budget confirms that the physical mechanisms at play are independent of the way the quench is performed. On the other hand we consider the natural formation of laminar holes in the bands, near Rg. The Direct Numerical simulations (DNS) show that holes in the turbulent bands pr...
The limit of small Rossby numbers for randomly forced quasi-geostrophic equation on $?$-plane
Sergei Kuksin; Alberto Maiocchi
2014-09-26
We consider the 2d quasigeostrophic equation on the $\\beta$-plane for the stream function $\\psi$, with dissipation and a random force: $$ (*)\\qquad (-\\Delta +K)\\psi_t - \\rho J(\\psi, \\Delta\\psi) -\\beta\\psi_x= \\langle \\text{random force}\\rangle -\\kappa\\Delta^2\\psi +\\Delta\\psi, $$ where $\\psi=\\psi(t,x,y), \\ x\\in\\mathbb{R}/2\\pi L\\mathbb{Z}, \\ y\\in \\mathbb{R}/2\\pi \\mathbb{Z}$. For typical values of the horizontal period $L$ we prove that the law of the action-vector of a solution for $(*)$ (formed by the halves of the squared norms of its complex Fourier coefficients) converges, as $\\beta\\to\\infty$, to the law of an action-vector for solution of an auxiliary effective equation, and the stationary distribution of the action-vector for solutions of $(*)$ converges to that of the effective equation. Moreover, this convergence is uniform in $\\kappa\\in(0,1]$. The effective equation is an infinite system of stochastic equations which splits into invariant subsystems of complex dimension $\\le3$; each of these subsystems is an integrable hamiltonian system, coupled with a Langevin thermostat. Under the iterated limits $\\lim_{L=\\rho\\to\\infty} \\lim_{\\beta\\to\\infty}$ and $\\lim_{\\kappa\\to 0} \\lim_{\\beta\\to\\infty}$ we get similar systems. In particular, none of the three limiting systems exhibits the energy cascade to high frequencies.
Systematic motions in the Galactic plane found in the Hipparcos Catalogue using Herschel's Method
Abad, C; Abad, Carlos; Vieira, Katherine
2005-01-01
Two motions in the galactic plane have been detected and characterized, based on the determination of a common systematic component in Hipparcos catalogue proper motions. The procedure is based only on positions, proper motions and parallaxes, plus a special algorithm which is able to reveal systematic trends. Our results come from two stellar samples. Sample 1 has 4566 stars and defines a motion of apex (l,b)=(177.8,3.7)+/-(1.5,1.0) and space velocity V=27+/-1 km/s. Sample 2 has 4083 stars and defines a motion of apex (l,b)=(5.4,-0.6)+/-(1.9,1.1) and space velocity V=32+/-2 km/s. Both groups are distributed all over the sky and cover a large variety of spectral types, which means that they do not belong to a specific stellar population. Herschel's method is used to define the initial samples of stars and later to compute the common space velocity. The intermediate process is based on the use of a special algorithm to determine systematic components in the proper motions. As an important contribution, this pa...
Systematic motions in the Galactic plane found in the Hipparcos Catalogue using Herschel's Method
Carlos Abad; Katherine Vieira
2005-10-16
Two motions in the galactic plane have been detected and characterized, based on the determination of a common systematic component in Hipparcos catalogue proper motions. The procedure is based only on positions, proper motions and parallaxes, plus a special algorithm which is able to reveal systematic trends. Our results come from two stellar samples. Sample 1 has 4566 stars and defines a motion of apex (l,b)=(177.8,3.7)+/-(1.5,1.0) and space velocity V=27+/-1 km/s. Sample 2 has 4083 stars and defines a motion of apex (l,b)=(5.4,-0.6)+/-(1.9,1.1) and space velocity V=32+/-2 km/s. Both groups are distributed all over the sky and cover a large variety of spectral types, which means that they do not belong to a specific stellar population. Herschel's method is used to define the initial samples of stars and later to compute the common space velocity. The intermediate process is based on the use of a special algorithm to determine systematic components in the proper motions. As an important contribution, this paper sets out a new way to study the kinematics of the solar neighborhood, in the search for streams, associations, clusters and any other space motion shared by a large number of stars, without being restricted by the availability of radial velocities.
Jagadheep D. Pandian; Paul F. Goldsmith
2007-08-23
We present an analysis of the properties of the 6.7 GHz methanol maser sample detected in the Arecibo Methanol Maser Galactic Plane Survey. The distribution of the masers in the Galaxy, and statistics of their multi-wavelength counterparts is consistent with the hypothesis of 6.7 GHz maser emission being associated with massive young stellar objects. Using the detection statistics of our survey, we estimate the minimum number of methanol masers in the Galaxy to be 1275. The l-v diagram of the sample shows the tangent point of the Carina-Sagittarius spiral arm to be around 49.6 degrees, and suggests occurrence of massive star formation along the extension of the Crux-Scutum arm. A Gaussian component analysis of the maser spectra shows the mean line-width to be 0.38 km/s which is more than a factor of two larger than what has been reported in the literature. We also find no evidence that faint methanol masers have different properties than those of their bright counterparts.
Self-sustaining turbulence in a restricted nonlinear model of plane Couette flow
Thomas, Vaughan L.; Gayme, Dennice F.; Lieu, Binh K.; Jovanovi?, Mihailo R.; Farrell, Brian F.; Ioannou, Petros J.
2014-10-15
This paper demonstrates the maintenance of self-sustaining turbulence in a restricted nonlinear (RNL) model of plane Couette flow. The RNL system is derived directly from the Navier-Stokes equations and permits higher resolution studies of the dynamical system associated with the stochastic structural stability theory (S3T) model, which is a second order approximation of the statistical state dynamics of the flow. The RNL model shares the dynamical restrictions of the S3T model but can be easily implemented by reducing a DNS code so that it retains only the RNL dynamics. Comparisons of turbulence arising from DNS and RNL simulations demonstrate that the RNL system supports self-sustaining turbulence with a mean flow as well as structural and dynamical features that are consistent with DNS. These results demonstrate that the simplified RNL system captures fundamental aspects of fully developed turbulence in wall-bounded shear flows and motivate use of the RNL/S3T framework for further study of wall-turbulence.
A Frequency Selective Surface based focal plane receiver for the OLIMPO balloon-borne telescope
Mahashabde, Sumedh; Bengtsson, Andreas; Andrén, Daniel; Tarasov, Michael; Salatino, Maria; de Bernardis, Paolo; Masi, Silvia; Kuzmin, Leonid
2015-01-01
We describe here a focal plane array of Cold-Electron Bolometer (CEB) detectors integrated in a Frequency Selective Surface (FSS) for the 350 GHz detection band of the OLIMPO balloon-borne telescope. In our architecture, the two terminal CEB has been integrated in the periodic unit cell of the FSS structure and is impedance matched to the embedding impedance seen by it and provides a resonant interaction with the incident sub-mm radiation. The detector array has been designed to operate in background noise limited condition for incident powers of 20 pW to 80 pW, making it possible to use the same pixel in both photometric and spectrometric configurations. We present high frequency and dc simulations of our system, together with fabrication details. The frequency response of the FSS array, optical response measurements with hot/cold load in front of optical window and with variable temperature black body source inside cryostat are presented. A comparison of the optical response to the CEB model and estimations...
Plane wave holonomies in loop quantum gravity II: sine wave solution
Donald E. Neville
2014-11-10
This paper constructs an approximate sinusoidal wave packet solution to the equations of loop quantum gravity (LQG). There is an SU(2) holonomy on each edge of the LQG simplex, and the goal is to study the behavior of these holonomies under the influence of a passing gravitational wave. The equations are solved in a small sine approximation: holonomies are expanded in powers of sines, and terms beyond $\\sin^2$ are dropped; also, fields vary slowly from vertex to vertex. The wave is unidirectional and linearly polarized. The Hilbert space is spanned by a set of coherent states tailored to the symmetry of the plane wave case. Fixing the spatial diffeomorphisms is equivalent to fixing the spatial interval between vertices of the loop quantum gravity lattice. This spacing can be chosen such that the eigenvalues of the triad operators are large, as required in the small sine limit, even though the holonomies are not large. Appendices compute the energy of the wave, estimate the lifetime of the coherent state packet, discuss coarse-graining, and determine the behavior of the spinors used in the U(N) SHO realization of LQG.
Finite Linear Spaces, Plane Geometries, Hilbert spaces and Finite Phase Space
M. Revzen; A. Mann
2015-08-03
Finite plane geometry is associated with finite dimensional Hilbert space. The association allows mapping of q-number Hilbert space observables to the c-number formalism of quantum mechanics in phase space. The mapped entities reflect geometrically based line-point interrelation. Particularly simple formulas are involved when use is made of mutually unbiased bases (MUB) representations for the Hilbert space entries. The geometry specifies a point-line interrelation. Thus underpinning d-dimensional Hilbert space operators (resp. states) with geometrical points leads to operators termed "line operators" underpinned by the geometrical lines. These "line operators", $\\hat{L}_j;$ (j designates the line) form a complete orthogonal basis for Hilbert space operators. The representation of Hilbert space operators in terms of these operators form the phase space representation of the d-dimensional Hilbert space. The "line operators" (resp. "line states") are studied in detail. The paper aims at self sufficiency and to this end all relevant notions are explained herewith.
Zhu Taiyun; Yang Lanjun; Jia Zhijie; Zhang Qiaogen [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, 28 West Xianning Road, Xi'an 710049 (China)
2008-12-01
This paper presents the characteristics of the streamer discharge development between the dielectric-coated sphere-plane electrodes in water. In order to study the streamer propagation mechanism, the factors such as polarities, water conductivity, and ambient pressure were taken into consideration. Experimental results demonstrate that the water conductivity and amplitude of applied voltage both have a great influence on mean velocity and brightness of the streamer. When the ambient pressure decreases from 0.1 to 0.0065 MPa, the pressure has little influence on the mean velocities of the streamer in both distilled and tap water for fast streamer. The existence of dielectric coating causes a lower initiation voltage of the streamer for negative polarity than that for positive one. Also, the 10% breakdown voltage (U{sub 10%}) is decreased by 20% under the pressure of 0.0065 MPa than that under the pressure of 0.1 MPa in distilled water, while the U{sub 10%} is almost the same under different pressures in tap water. Based on the analysis of the discharge images and current waveforms as well as the above experimental results, it can be concluded that the streamer propagation is composed of the generation of the microbubbles and the discharge in the bubbles. For subsonic streamer, the generation of the bubbles is more likely a thermal process, whereas for supersonic streamer, the ionization and dissociation of water molecules in high electric field are involved in the bubble generation process.
Seismic Response Of Masonry Plane Walls: A Numerical Study On Spandrel Strength
Betti, Michele; Galano, Luciano; Vignoli, Andrea [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (DICeA) University of Florence, Via di S. Marta 3, I-50139, Florence (Italy)
2008-07-08
The paper reports the results of a numerical investigation on masonry walls subjected to in-plane seismic loads. This research aims to verify the formulae of shear and flexural strength of masonry spandrels which are given in the recent Italian Standards. Seismic pushover analyses have been carried out using finite element models of unreinforced walls and strengthened walls introducing reinforced concrete (RC) beams at the floor levels. Two typologies of walls have been considered distinguished for the height to length ratio h/l of the spandrels: a) short beams (h/l = 1.33) and b) slender beams (h/l = 0.5). Results obtained for the unreinforced and the strengthened walls are compared with equations for shear and flexural strength provided in Standards [1]. The numerical analyses show that the reliability of these equations is at least questionable especially for the prediction of the flexural strength. In the cases in which the axial force has not been determined by the structural analysis, Standards seems to overestimate the flexural strength of short spandrels both for the unreinforced and the strengthened wall.
THE RELATION BETWEEN MID-PLANE PRESSURE AND MOLECULAR HYDROGEN IN GALAXIES: ENVIRONMENTAL DEPENDENCE
Feldmann, Robert; Hernandez, Jose; Gnedin, Nickolay Y.
2012-12-20
Molecular hydrogen (H{sub 2}) is the primary component of the reservoirs of cold, dense gas that fuel star formation in our Galaxy. While the H{sub 2} abundance is ultimately regulated by physical processes operating on small scales in the interstellar medium (ISM), observations have revealed a tight correlation between the ratio of molecular to atomic hydrogen in nearby spiral galaxies and the pressure in the mid-plane of their disks. This empirical relation has been used to predict H{sub 2} abundances in galaxies with potentially very different ISM conditions, such as metal-deficient galaxies at high redshifts. Here, we test the validity of this approach by studying the dependence of the pressure-H{sub 2} relation on environmental parameters of the ISM. To this end, we follow the formation and destruction of H{sub 2} explicitly in a suite of hydrodynamical simulations of galaxies with different ISM parameters. We find that a pressure-H{sub 2} relation arises naturally in our simulations for a variety of dust-to-gas ratios or strengths of the interstellar radiation field in the ISM. Fixing the dust-to-gas ratio and the UV radiation field to values measured in the solar neighborhood results in fair agreement with the relation observed in nearby galaxies with roughly solar metallicity. However, the parameters (slope and normalization) of the pressure-H{sub 2} relation vary in a systematical way with ISM properties. A particularly strong trend is the decrease of the normalization of the relation with a lowering of the dust-to-gas ratio of the ISM. We show how this trend and other properties of the pressure-H{sub 2} relation arise from the atomic-to-molecular phase transition in the ISM caused by a combination of H{sub 2} formation, destruction, and shielding mechanisms.
Ibata, Rodrigo A.; Martin, Nicolas F.; Ibata, Neil G.; Lewis, Geraint F.; Conn, Anthony; Elahi, Pascal; Arias, Veronica; Fernando, Nuwanthika
2014-03-20
In a recent contribution, Bahl and Baumgardt investigated the incidence of planar alignments of satellite galaxies in the Millennium-II simulation and concluded that vast, thin planes of dwarf galaxies, similar to that observed in the Andromeda galaxy (M31), occur frequently by chance in ?-cold dark matter cosmology. However, their analysis did not capture the essential fact that the observed alignment is simultaneously radially extended, yet thin, and kinematically unusual. With the caveat that the Millennium-II simulation may not have sufficient mass resolution to identify confidently simulacra of low-luminosity dwarf galaxies, we re-examine that simulation for planar structures, using the same method as employed by Ibata et al. on the real M31 satellites. We find that 0.04% of host galaxies display satellite alignments that are at least as extreme as the observations, when we consider their extent, thickness, and number of members rotating in the same sense. We further investigate the angular momentum properties of the co-planar satellites, and find that the median of the specific angular momentum derived from the line-of-sight velocities in the real M31 structure (1.3 × 10{sup 4} km s{sup –1} kpc) is very high compared to systems drawn from the simulations. This analysis confirms that it is highly unlikely that the observed structure around the Andromeda galaxy is due to a chance occurrence. Interestingly, the few extreme systems that are similar to M31 arise from the accretion of a massive sub-halo with its own spatially concentrated entourage of orphan satellites.
THE FUNDAMENTAL PLANE OF MASSIVE QUIESCENT GALAXIES OUT TO z ? 2
Van de Sande, Jesse; Franx, Marijn; Kriek, Mariska; Bezanson, Rachel; Van Dokkum, Pieter G.
2014-10-01
The Fundamental Plane (FP) of early-type galaxies, relating the effective radius, velocity dispersion, and surface brightness, has long been recognized as a unique tool for analyzing galaxy structure and evolution. With the discovery of distant quiescent galaxies and the introduction of high sensitivity near-infrared spectrographs, it is now possible to explore the FP out to z ? 2. In this Letter we study the evolution of the FP out to z ? 2 using kinematic measurements of massive quiescent galaxies (M {sub *} > 10{sup 11} M {sub ?}). We find preliminary evidence for the existence of an FP out to z ? 2. The scatter of the FP, however, increases from z ? 0 to z ? 2, even when taking into account the larger measurement uncertainties at higher redshifts. We find a strong evolution of the zero point from z ? 2 to z ? 0: ?log{sub 10} M/L{sub g} ?(– 0.49 ± 0.03)z. In order to assess whether our spectroscopic sample is representative of the early-type galaxy population at all redshifts, we compare their rest-frame g – z colors with those from a larger mass complete sample of quiescent galaxies. At z > 1 we find that the spectroscopic sample is bluer. We use the color offsets to estimate a mass-to-light ratio (M/L) correction. The implied FP zero point evolution after correction is significantly smaller: ?log{sub 10} M/L{sub g} ?(– 0.39 ± 0.02)z. This is consistent with an apparent formation redshift of z{sub form}=6.62{sub ?1.44}{sup +3.19} for the underlying population, ignoring the effects of progenitor bias. A more complete spectroscopic sample is required at z ? 2 to properly measure the M/L evolution from the FP evolution.
Taylor, Frank E.
A measurement of event-plane correlations involving two or three event planes of different order is presented as a function of centrality for 7 ?b[superscript ?1] Pb + Pb collision data at ?s[subscript NN] = 2.76, recorded ...
Peirce, Anthony
A Hermite cubic collocation scheme for plane strain hydraulic fractures A. Peirce Department Accepted 13 February 2010 Available online 4 March 2010 Keywords: Hydraulic fractures Integro the propagation of a hydraulic fracture in a state of plane strain. Special blended cubic Hermite-powerlaw basis
Chinese Oil Demand: Steep Incline Ahead
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1 Table 1.101 (Million Short6RUBUFFALOfor the4X I A
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Luo, Yongkang; Chen, Hua; Dai, Jianhui; Xu, Zhu -an; Thompson, J. D.
2015-02-25
Motivated by the high sensitivity to Fermi surface topology and scattering mechanisms in magnetothermoelectric transport, we have measured the thermopower and Nernst effect on the (011) plane of the proposed topological Kondo insulator SmB6. These experiments, together with electrical resistivity and Hall effect measurements, suggest that the (011) plane also harbors a metallic surface with an effective mass on the order of 10–102 m0. The surface and bulk conductances are well distinguished in these measurements and are categorized into metallic and nondegenerate semiconducting regimes, respectively. As a result, electronic correlations play an important role in enhancing scattering and also contributemore »to the heavy surface state.« less
Li, Xiang-Guo; Zhang, X -G; Cheng, Hai-Ping
2015-01-01
Electron transport in graphene is along the sheet but junction devices are often made by stacking different sheets together in a "side-contact" geometry which causes the current to flow perpendicular to the sheets within the device. Such geometry presents a challenge to first-principles transport methods. We solve this problem by implementing a plane-wave based multiple scattering theory for electron transport. This implementation improves the computational efficiency over the existing plane-wave transport code, scales better for parallelization over large number of nodes, and does not require the current direction to be along a lattice axis. As a first application, we calculate the tunneling current through a side-contact graphene junction formed by two separate graphene sheets with the edges overlapping each other. We find that transport properties of this junction depend strongly on the AA or AB stacking within the overlapping region as well as the vacuum gap between two graphene sheets. Such transport beh...
Cirilo-Lombardo, Diego Julio
2015-01-01
The 2-dimensional charge transport with parallel (in plane) magnetic field is considered from the physical and mathematical point of view. To this end, we start with the magnetic field parallel to the plane of charge transport, in sharp contrast to the configuration described by the theorems of Aharonov and Casher where the magnetic field is perpendicular. We explicitly show that the specific form of the arising equation enforce the respective field solution to fulfil the Majorana condition. Consequently, as soon any physical system is represented by this equation, the rise of fields with Majorana type behaviour is immediately explained and predicted. In addition, there exists a quantized particular phase that removes the action of the vector potential producing interesting effects. Such new effects are able to explain due the geometrical framework introduced, several phenomenological results recently obtained in the area of spintronics and quantum electronic devices. The quantum ring as spin filter is worked...
Perrott, Yvette C; Green, David A; Grainge, Keith J B; Hurley-Walker, Natasha; Jin, Terry Z; Rumsey, Clare; Titterington, David J
2015-01-01
The Arcminute Microkelvin Imager Galactic Plane Survey (AMIGPS) provides mJy-sensitivity, arcminute-resolution interferometric images of the northern Galactic plane at $\\approx$ 16 GHz. The first data release covered $76^{\\circ} \\lessapprox \\ell \\lessapprox 170^{\\circ}$ between latitudes of $|b| \\lessapprox 5^{\\circ}$; here we present a second data release, extending the coverage to $53^{\\circ} \\lessapprox \\ell \\lessapprox 193^{\\circ}$ and including high-latitude extensions to cover the Taurus and California giant molecular cloud regions, and the recently discovered large supernova remnant G159.6+7.3. The total coverage is now 1777 deg$^2$ and the catalogue contains 6509 sources. We also describe the improvements to the data processing pipeline which improves the positional and flux density accuracies of the survey.
Lewandowski, Allan A. (Evergreen, CO); Yampolskiy, Vladislav (Moscow, RU); Alekseev, Valerie (Moscow, RU); Son, Valentin (Moscow, RU)
2001-01-01
According to the proposed invention, this technical result is achieved so that many-facet concentrator of a solar setup for exposure of objects, placed in a target plane, to the action of solar radiation containing a supporting frame and facets differing by that the facets of the concentrator are chosen with spherical focusing reflective surfaces of equal focal lengths and with selective coatings reflecting a desired spectral fraction of solar radiation, and are arranged on the supporting frame symmetrically with respect to the common axis of the concentrator, their optical axes being directed to the single point on the optical axis of the concentrator located before the nominal focus point of the concentrator and determining the position of arranging the target plane.
Hall, Maclin S. (Marietta, GA); Jackson, Theodore G. (Atlanta, GA); Knerr, Christopher (Lawrenceville, GA)
1998-02-17
An improved system for measuring the velocity of ultrasonic signals within the plane of moving web-like materials, such as paper, paperboard and the like. In addition to velocity measurements of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web in the MD and CD, one embodiment of the system in accordance with the present invention is also adapted to provide on-line indication of the polar specific stiffness of the moving web. In another embodiment of the invention, the velocity of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web are measured by way of a plurality of ultrasonic transducers carried by synchronously driven wheels or cylinders, thus eliminating undue transducer wear due to any speed differences between the transducers and the web. In order to provide relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the webs, the transducers are mounted in a sensor housings which include a spring for biasing the transducer radially outwardly. The sensor housings are adapted to be easily and conveniently mounted to the carrier to provide a relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the moving web.
Hall, M.S.; Jackson, T.G.; Knerr, C.
1998-02-17
An improved system for measuring the velocity of ultrasonic signals within the plane of moving web-like materials, such as paper, paperboard and the like. In addition to velocity measurements of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web in the MD and CD, one embodiment of the system in accordance with the present invention is also adapted to provide on-line indication of the polar specific stiffness of the moving web. In another embodiment of the invention, the velocity of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web are measured by way of a plurality of ultrasonic transducers carried by synchronously driven wheels or cylinders, thus eliminating undue transducer wear due to any speed differences between the transducers and the web. In order to provide relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the webs, the transducers are mounted in a sensor housings which include a spring for biasing the transducer radially outwardly. The sensor housings are adapted to be easily and conveniently mounted to the carrier to provide a relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the moving web. 37 figs.
Charakhch'yan, Alexander A
2014-01-01
The one-dimensional (1D) problem on bilatiral irradiation by proton beams of the plane layer of condensed DT mixture with length $2H$ and density $\\rho_0 \\leqslant 100\\rho_s$, where $\\rho_s$ is the fuel solid-state density at atmospheric pressure and temperature of 4 K, is considered. The proton kinetic energy is 1 MeV, the beam intensity is $10^{19}$ W/cm$^2$ and duration is 50 ps. A mathematical model is based on the one-fluid two-temperature hydrodynamics with a wide-range equation of state of the fuel, electron and ion heat conduction, DT fusion reaction kinetics, self-radiation of plasma and plasma heating by alpha-particles. If the ignition occurs, a plane detonation wave, which is adjacent to the front of the rarefaction wave, appears. Upon reflection of this detonation wave from the symmetry plane, the flow with the linear velocity profile along the spatial variable $x$ and with a weak dependence of the thermodynamic functions of $x$ occurs. An appropriate solution of the equations of hydrodynamics is...
Bernhard Rothenstein
2005-06-20
We show that the transformation equations for the parameters that characterize a plane acoustic wave: period, (frequency), wave vector, wave length and phase velocity can be derived without using phase invariance and Lorentz-Einstein transformation
Zhang, C.; Yamanouchi, M. Ikeda, S.; Sato, H.; Fukami, S.; Matsukura, F.; Ohno, H.
2014-05-07
We investigate in-plane current-induced magnetization reversal under an in-plane magnetic field in Hall bar shaped devices composed of Ta/CoFeB/MgO structures with perpendicular magnetic easy axis. The observed relationship between the directions of current and magnetization switching and Ta thickness dependence of magnetization switching current are accordance with those for magnetization reversal by spin transfer torque originated from the spin Hall effect in the Ta layer.
Diego Julio Cirilo-Lombardo
2015-06-05
The 2-dimensional charge transport with parallel (in plane) magnetic field is considered from the physical and mathematical point of view. To this end, we start with the magnetic field parallel to the plane of charge transport, in sharp contrast to the configuration described by the theorems of Aharonov and Casher where the magnetic field is perpendicular. We explicitly show that the specific form of the arising equation enforce the respective field solution to fulfil the Majorana condition. Consequently, as soon any physical system is represented by this equation, the rise of fields with Majorana type behaviour is immediately explained and predicted. In addition, there exists a quantized particular phase that removes the action of the vector potential producing interesting effects. Such new effects are able to explain due the geometrical framework introduced, several phenomenological results recently obtained in the area of spintronics and quantum electronic devices. The quantum ring as spin filter is worked out in this framework and also the case of the quantum Hall effect.
B. Kamala Latha; G. Sai Preeti; K. P. N. Murthy; V. S. S. Sastry
2015-07-30
Equilibrium director structures in two thin hybrid planar films of biaxial nematics are investigated through Markov chain Monte Carlo simulations based on a lattice Hamiltonian model within the London dispersion approximation. While the substrates of the two films induce similar anchoring influences on the long axes of the liquid crystal molecules (viz. planar orientation at one end and perpendicular, or homeotropic, orientations at the other), they differ in their coupling with the minor axes of the molecules. In Type-A film the substrates do not interact with the minor axes at all (which is experimentally relatively more amenable), while in Type-B, the orientations of the molecular axes at the surface layer are influenced as well by their biaxial coupling with the surface. Both films exhibit expected bending of the director associated with ordering of the molecular long axes due to surface anchoring. Simulation results indicate that the Type-A film hosts stable and noise free director structures in the biaxial nematic phase of the LC medium, resulting from dominant ordering of one of the minor axes in the plane of the substrates. High degree of this stable order thus developed could be of practical interest for in-plane switching applications with an external field. Type-B film, on the other hand, experiences competing interactions among the minor axes, due to incompatible anchoring influences at the bounding substrates, apparently leading to frustration, and hence to noisy equilibrium director structures.
Radio-Loud and Radio-Quiet Gamma-Ray Pulsars from the Galactic Plane and the Gould Belt
Gonthier, P. L.
2005-03-17
We present recent results of a pulsar population synthesis study in the polar cap model that includes the Parkes Multibeam Pulsar Survey, realistic beam geometries for radio and {gamma}-ray emission from neutron stars born in the Galactic disc as well as the local Gould Belt. We include nine radio surveys to normalize the simulated results from the Galactic disc to the number of radio pulsars observed by the group of selected surveys. In normalizing the contribution of the Gould Belt, we use results from a recent study that indicates a supernova rate in the Gould Belt of 3 to 5 times that of the local region of the Galactic plane leading to {approx}100 neutron stars born in the Gould Belt during the last 5 Myr. Our simulations include the dynamical evolution of the Gould Belt where neutron stars are produced in the plane of the Gould Belt during the past 5 Myr. We discuss the simulated numbers of radio-quiet (those below flux threshold of radio surveys) and radio-loud, {gamma}-ray pulsars from the Galactic disc and the Gould belt observed by {gamma}-ray telescopes EGRET, AGILE and GLAST. They suggest that about 35 of the unidentified EGRET sources could be (mostly radio-loud) {gamma}-ray pulsars with 2/3 of them born in the Galactic disc and 1/3 in the Gould Belt.
Saravanan, P.; Hsu, Jen-Hwa Tsai, C. L.; Tsai, C. Y.; Lin, Y. H.; Kuo, C. Y.; Wu, J.-C.; Lee, C.-M.
2014-06-28
Films of L1{sub 1}-type CoPt/NiFe exchange springs were grown with different NiFe (Permalloy) layer thickness (t{sub NiFe}?=?0–10?nm). X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that the characteristic peak position of NiFe(111) is not affected by the CoPt-layer—confirming the absence of any inter-diffusion between the CoPt and NiFe layers. Magnetic studies indicate that the magnetization orientation of NiFe layer can be tuned through varying t{sub NiFe} and the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy of L1{sub 1}-type CoPt/NiFe films cannot sustain for t{sub NiFe} larger than 3.0?nm due to the existence of exchange interaction at the interface of L1{sub 1}-CoPt and NiFe layers. Magnetic force microscopy analysis on the as-grown samples shows the changes in morphology from maze-like domains with good contrast to hazy domains when t{sub NiFe}???3.0?nm. The three-dimensional micro-magnetic simulation results demonstrate that the magnetization orientation in NiFe layer is not uniform, which continuously increases from the interface to the top of NiFe layer. Furthermore, the tilt angle of the topmost NiFe layers can be changed over a very wide range from a small number to about 75° by varying t{sub NiFe} from 1 to 10?nm. It is worth noting that there is an abrupt change in the magnetization direction at the interface, for all the t{sub NiFe} investigated. The results of present study demonstrate that the tunable tilted exchange springs can be realized with L1{sub 1}-type CoPt/NiFe bilayers for future applications in three-axis magnetic sensors or advanced spintronic devices demanding inclined magnetic anisotropy.
Deola, Regina Anne
2010-02-01
Portable remote sensing devices are increasingly needed to cost effectively characterize the meteorology at a potential wind energy site as the size of modern wind turbines increase. A short term project co-locating a Sound Detection and Ranging System (SODAR) with a 200 meter instrumented meteorological tower at the Texas Tech Wind Technology Field Site was performed to collect and summarize wind information through an atmospheric layer typical of utility scale rotor plane depths. Data collected identified large speed shears and directional shears that may lead to unbalanced loads on the rotors. This report identifies suggestions for incorporation of additional data in wind resource assessments and a few thoughts on the potential for using a SODAR or SODAR data to quantify or investigate other parameters that may be significant to the wind industry.
Moritz, Burt Edwin
1967-01-01
the method developed in this thesis. Input of External Load First a load P is applied to a semi-infinite plane A-B (See Fig. 3-2) which extends downward. The stresses at points of interest, these being the points that will be insi, de...(TSCt XBCI(4)=H H COX(TBCI TBC(lll H H 5(H(TSC( vectlz& z. s+H s(N(rect '/SCI(31 5 0+H 5(tt(TeC( 78(lth)-2. 5 tt ~ )lttttsCI tle CONTI(DE Xl 0 COIIPI/4. 1 0 (6 H- 0)/15. Dx 0 Col)t I/4 I XI IXI OX I/2 ~ oo 89 11 I h 12 I 26 13 I 40 14=1 70 Tec...
Yang, S.; Liu, W.-R. [Scientific Research Division, National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China); Hsu, H. C., E-mail: hsuhc@mail.ncku.edu.tw, E-mail: wfhsieh@mail.nctu.edu.tw [Department of Photonics and Advanced Optoelectronic Technology Center, National Cheng Kung University, 701 Tainan, Taiwan (China); Lin, B. H.; Hsu, C.-H. [Scientific Research Division, National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China); Department of Photonics and Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China); Kuo, C. C.; Hsieh, W. F., E-mail: hsuhc@mail.ncku.edu.tw, E-mail: wfhsieh@mail.nctu.edu.tw [Department of Photonics and Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China); Eriksson, M. O.; Holtz, P. O. [Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, Linköping (Sweden)
2014-07-07
We investigated the carrier dynamics near basal stacking faults (BSFs) in m-plane ZnO epitaxial film. The behaviors of the type-II quantum wells related to the BSFs are verified through time-resolved and time-integrated photoluminescence. The decay time of the emission of BSFs is observed to have a higher power law value and longer decay time than the emission of the donor-bound excitons. The spectral-dependent decay times reveal a phenomenon of carriers migrating among band tail states, which are related to the spatial distribution of the type-II quantum wells formed by the BSFs. A high density of excited carriers leads to a band bending effect, which in turn causes a blue-shift of the emission peak of BSFs with a broadened distribution of band tail states.
Terahertz intersubband absorption in non-polar m-plane AlGaN/GaN quantum wells
Edmunds, C.; Malis, O.; Shao, J.; Shirazi-HD, M.; Manfra, M. J.
2014-07-14
We demonstrate THz intersubband absorption (15.6–26.1?meV) in m-plane AlGaN/GaN quantum wells. We find a trend of decreasing peak energy with increasing quantum well width, in agreement with theoretical expectations. However, a blue-shift of the transition energy of up to 14?meV was observed relative to the calculated values. This blue-shift is shown to decrease with decreasing charge density and is, therefore, attributed to many-body effects. Furthermore, a??40% reduction in the linewidth (from roughly 8 to 5?meV) was obtained by reducing the total sheet density and inserting undoped AlGaN layers that separate the wavefunctions from the ionized impurities in the barriers.
Strain effects on in-plane conductance of the topological insulator Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}
Heui Hwang, Jin; Kwon, Sangku; Hun Kim, Jong; Young Park, Jeong, E-mail: jeongypark@kaist.ac.kr [Center for Nanomaterials and Chemical Reactions, Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Graduate School of EEWS, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Joonbum; Sung Kim, Jun [Department of Physics, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Jhinhwan [Department of Physics, KAIST, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Lyeo, Ho-Ki [Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, 267 Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-340 (Korea, Republic of)
2014-04-21
We investigated the correlation between electrical transport and mechanical stress in a topological insulator, Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, using conductive probe atomic force microscopy in an ultrahigh vacuum environment. After directly measuring charge transport on the cleaved Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} surface, we found that the current density varied with applied load. Current mapping revealed a variation of the current on different terraces. The current density increased in the low-pressure regime and then decreased in the high-pressure regime. This variation of current density was explained in light of the combined effect of changes in the in-plane conductance due to spin–orbit coupling and hexagonal warping.
M. Kawasaki; T. Maehara; M. Yonezawa
2008-10-30
Searching for infrastructure of the quantum mechanical system, we study trajectories of the s-wave poles of the S-matrix element with respect to a real phase $\\alpha$ in the complex momentum plane for a complex extension of real potentials by a phase factor $e^{i\\alpha}$. This complex extension relates the pole spectrum of the physical system with a potential to the spectrum of another system with the potential of the same shape but of opposite sign. There appear trajectories with the periodicity of $2\\pi$, $4\\pi$, and $\\infty$. The appearance of non-recurrent behavior of the trajectory for the change of phase $\\Delta \\alpha=2\\pi$ is clearly related with the existence of resonance poles for real repulsive potentials. Dynamical changes of trajectory structure are examined.
Adare, A. [University of Colorado, Boulder; Awes, Terry C [ORNL; Cianciolo, Vince [ORNL; Efremenko, Yuri [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Enokizono, Akitomo [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Read Jr, Kenneth F [ORNL; Silvermyr, David O [ORNL; Sorensen, Soren P [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Stankus, Paul W [ORNL; PHENIX, Collaboration [The
2011-01-01
Pair correlations between large transverse momentum neutral pion triggers (p{sub T}=4-7 GeV/c) and charged hadron partners (p{sub T}=3-7 GeV/c) in central (0%-20%) and midcentral (20%-60%) Au+Au collisions at {radical}{ovr S{sub NN}}=200 GeV are presented as a function of trigger orientation with respect to the reaction plane. The particles are at larger momentum than where jet shape modifications have been observed, and the correlations are sensitive to the energy loss of partons traveling through hot dense matter. An out-of-plane trigger particle produces only 26{+-}20% of the away-side pairs that are observed opposite of an in-plane trigger particle for midcentral (20%-60%) collisions. In contrast, near-side jet fragments are consistent with no suppression or dependence on trigger orientation with respect to the reaction plane. These observations are qualitatively consistent with a picture of little near-side parton energy loss either due to surface bias or fluctuations and increased away-side parton energy loss due to a long path through the medium. The away-side suppression as a function of reaction-plane angle is shown to be sensitive to both the energy loss mechanism and the space-time evolution of heavy-ion collisions.
Armstrong, A. M.; Kelchner, K.; Nakamura, S.; DenBaars, S. P.; Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 ; Speck, J. S.
2013-12-02
The dependence of deep level defect incorporation in m-plane GaN films grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition on bulk m-plane GaN substrates as a function of growth temperature (T{sub g}) and T{sub g} ramping method was investigated using deep level optical spectroscopy. Understanding the influence of T{sub g} on GaN deep level incorporation is important for InGaN/GaN multi-quantum well (MQW) light emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes (LDs) because GaN quantum barrier (QB) layers are grown much colder than thin film GaN to accommodate InGaN QW growth. Deep level spectra of low T{sub g} (800?°C) GaN films grown under QB conditions were compared to deep level spectra of high T{sub g} (1150?°C) GaN. Reducing T{sub g}, increased the defect density significantly (>50×) through introduction of emergent deep level defects at 2.09?eV and 2.9?eV below the conduction band minimum. However, optimizing growth conditions during the temperature ramp when transitioning from high to low T{sub g} substantially reduced the density of these emergent deep levels by approximately 40%. The results suggest that it is important to consider the potential for non-radiative recombination in QBs of LED or LD active regions, and tailoring the transition from high T{sub g} GaN growth to active layer growth can mitigate such non-radiative channels.
Chandra Deep X-ray Observation of a Typical Galactic Plane Region and Near-Infrared Identification
K. Ebisawa; M. Tsujimoto; A. Paizis; K. Hamaguchi; A. Bamba; R. Cutri; H. Kaneda; Y. Maeda; G. Sato; A. Senda; M. Ueno; S. Yamauchi; V. Beckmann; T. J. -L. Courvoisier; P. Dubath; E. Nishihara
2005-07-07
Using the Chandra Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer Imaging array (ACIS-I), we have carried out a deep hard X-ray observation of the Galactic plane region at (l,b) ~ (28.5, 0.0), where no discrete X-ray source had been reported previously. We have detected 274 new point X-ray sources (4 sigma confidence) as well as strong Galactic diffuse emission within two partially overlapping ACIS-I fields (~250 arcmin^2in total). Sum of all the detected point source fluxes accounts for only ~ 10 % of the total X-ray flux in the field of view. Even hypothesizing a new population of much dimmer and numerous Galactic point sources, the total observed X-ray flux cannot be explained. Therefore, we conclude that X-ray emission from the Galactic plane has truly diffuse origin. Only 26 point sources were detected both in the soft and hard bands, indicating that there are two distinct classes of the X-ray sources distinguished by the spectral hardness ratio. Surface number density of the hard sources is only slightly higher than that measured at the high Galactic latitude regions, indicating that majority of the hard sources are background AGNs. Following up the Chandra observation, we have performed a near-infrared (NIR) survey with SOFI at ESO/NTT. Almost all the soft X-ray sources have been identified in NIR and their spectral types are consistent with main-sequence stars, suggesting most of them are nearby X-ray active stars. On the other hand, only 22 % of the hard sources had NIR counterparts, which are presumably Galactic. From X-ray and NIR spectral study, they are most likely to be quiescent cataclysmic variables. We have also carried out a precise spectral study of the Galactic diffuse X-ray emission excluding the point sources.
STAR Collaboration; L. Adamczyk; J. K. Adkins; G. Agakishiev; M. M. Aggarwal; Z. Ahammed; I. Alekseev; J. Alford; C. D. Anson; A. Aparin; D. Arkhipkin; E. Aschenauer; G. S. Averichev; J. Balewski; A. Banerjee; Z. Barnovska; D. R. Beavis; R. Bellwied; M. J. Betancourt; R. R. Betts; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; Bhattarai; H. Bichsel; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; L. C. Bland; I. G. Bordyuzhin; W. Borowski; J. Bouchet; A. V. Brandin; S. G. Brovko; E. Bruna; S. Bültmann; I. Bunzarov; T. P. Burton; J. Butterworth; H. Caines; M. Calderón de la Barca Sánchez; D. Cebra; R. Cendejas; M. C. Cervantes; P. Chaloupka; Z. Chang; S. Chattopadhyay; H. F. Chen; J. H. Chen; J. Y. Chen; L. Chen; J. Cheng; M. Cherney; A. Chikanian; W. Christie; P. Chung; J. Chwastowski; M. J. M. Codrington; R. Corliss; J. G. Cramer; H. J. Crawford; X. Cui; S. Das; A. Davila Leyva; L. C. De Silva; R. R. Debbe; T. G. Dedovich; J. Deng; R. Derradi de Souza; S. Dhamija; B. di Ruzza; L. Didenko; Dilks; F. Ding; A. Dion; P. Djawotho; X. Dong; J. L. Drachenberg; J. E. Draper; C. M. Du; L. E. Dunkelberger; J. C. Dunlop; L. G. Efimov; M. Elnimr; J. Engelage; K. S. Engle; G. Eppley; L. Eun; O. Evdokimov; R. Fatemi; S. Fazio; J. Fedorisin; R. G. Fersch; P. Filip; E. Finch; Y. Fisyak; C. E. Flores; C. A. Gagliardi; D. R. Gangadharan; D. Garand; F. Geurts; A. Gibson; S. Gliske; O. G. Grebenyuk; D. Grosnick; Y. Guo; A. Gupta; S. Gupta; W. Guryn; B. Haag; O. Hajkova; A. Hamed; L-X. Han; R. Haque; J. W. Harris; J. P. Hays-Wehle; S. Heppelmann; A. Hirsch; G. W. Hoffmann; D. J. Hofman; S. Horvat; B. Huang; H. Z. Huang; P. Huck; T. J. Humanic; G. Igo; W. W. Jacobs; C. Jena; E. G. Judd; S. Kabana; K. Kang; K. Kauder; H. W. Ke; D. Keane; A. Kechechyan; A. Kesich; D. P. Kikola; J. Kiryluk; I. Kisel; A. Kisiel; D. D. Koetke; T. Kollegger; J. Konzer; I. Koralt; W. Korsch; L. Kotchenda; P. Kravtsov; K. Krueger; I. Kulakov; L. Kumar; R. A. Kycia; M. A. C. Lamont; J. M. Landgraf; K. D. Landry; S. LaPointe; J. Lauret; A. Lebedev; R. Lednicky; J. H. Lee; W. Leight; M. J. LeVine; C. Li; W. Li; X. Li; X. Li; Y. Li; Z. M. Li; L. M. Lima; M. A. Lisa; F. Liu; T. Ljubicic; W. J. Llope; R. S. Longacre; X. Luo; G. L. Ma; Y. G. Ma; D. M. M. D. Madagodagettige Don; D. P. Mahapatra; R. Majka; S. Margetis; C. Markert; H. Masui; H. S. Matis; D. McDonald; T. S. McShane; S. Mioduszewski; M. K. Mitrovski; Y. Mohammed; B. Mohanty; M. M. Mondal; M. G. Munhoz; M. K. Mustafa; M. Naglis; B. K. Nandi; Md. Nasim; T. K. Nayak; J. M. Nelson; L. V. Nogach; J. Novak; G. Odyniec; A. Ogawa; K. Oh; A. Ohlson; V. Okorokov; E. W. Oldag; R. A. N. Oliveira; D. Olson; M. Pachr; B. S. Page; S. K. Pal; Y. X. Pan; Y. Pandit; Y. Panebratsev; T. Pawlak; B. Pawlik; H. Pei; C. Perkins; W. Peryt; P. Pile; M. Planinic; J. Pluta; D. Plyku; N. Poljak; J. Porter; A. M. Poskanzer; C. B. Powell; C. Pruneau; N. K. Pruthi; M. Przybycien; P. R. Pujahari; J. Putschke; H. Qiu; S. Ramachandran; R. Raniwala; S. Raniwala; R. L. Ray; C. K. Riley; H. G. Ritter; J. B. Roberts; O. V. Rogachevskiy; J. L. Romero; J. F. Ross; A. Roy; L. Ruan; J. Rusnak; N. R. Sahoo; P. K. Sahu; I. Sakrejda; S. Salur; A. Sandacz; J. Sandweiss; E. Sangaline; A. Sarkar; J. Schambach; R. P. Scharenberg; A. M. Schmah; B. Schmidke; N. Schmitz; T. R. Schuster; J. Seger; P. Seyboth; N. Shah; E. Shahaliev; M. Shao; B. Sharma; M. Sharma; W. Q. Shen; S. S. Shi; Q. Y. Shou; E. P. Sichtermann; R. N. Singaraju; M. J. Skoby; D. Smirnov; N. Smirnov; D. Solanki; P. Sorensen; U. G. deSouza; H. M. Spinka; B. Srivastava; T. D. S. Stanislaus; J. R. Stevens; R. Stock; M. Strikhanov; B. Stringfellow; A. A. P. Suaide; M. C. Suarez; M. Sumbera; X. M. Sun; Y. Sun; Z. Sun; B. Surrow; D. N. Svirida; T. J. M. Symons; A. Szanto de Toledo; J. Takahashi; A. H. Tang; Z. Tang; L. H. Tarini; T. Tarnowsky; J. H. Thomas; A. R. Timmins; D. Tlusty; M. Tokarev; S. Trentalange; R. E. Tribble; P. Tribedy; B. A. Trzeciak; O. D. Tsai; J. Turnau; T. Ullrich; D. G. Underwood; G. Van Buren; G. van Nieuwenhuizen; J. A. Vanfossen, Jr.; R. Varma; G. M. S. Vasconcelos; R. Vertesi; F. Videbæk; Y. P. Viyogi; S. Vokal; S. A. Voloshin; A. Vossen; M. Wada; M. Walker; F. Wang; G. Wang; H. Wang; J. S. Wang; Q. Wang; X. L. Wang; Y. Wang; G. Webb; J. C. Webb; G. D. Westfall; H. Wieman; S. W. Wissink; R. Witt; Y. F. Wu; Z. Xiao; W. Xie; K. Xin; H. Xu; N. Xu; Q. H. Xu; W. Xu; Y. Xu; Z. Xu; Yan; C. Yang; Y. Yang; Y. Yang; P. Yepes; L. Yi; K. Yip; I-K. Yoo; Y. Zawisza; H. Zbroszczyk; W. Zha; J. B. Zhang; S. Zhang; X. P. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; F. Zhao; J. Zhao; C. Zhong; X. Zhu; Y. H. Zhu; Y. Zoulkarneeva; M. Zyzak
2013-10-21
Previous experimental results based on data (15 million events) collected by the STAR detector at RHIC suggest event-by-event charge separation fluctuations perpendicular to the event plane in non-central heavy-ion collisions. Here we present the correlator previously used split into its two component parts to reveal correlations parallel and perpendicular to the event plane. The results are from a high statistics 200 GeV Au+Au collisions data set (57 million events) collected by the STAR experiment. We explicitly count units of charge separation from which we find clear evidence for more charge separation fluctuations perpendicular than parallel to the event plane. We also employ a modified correlator to study the possible P-even background in same and opposite charge correlations, and find that the P-even background may largely be explained by momentum conservation and collective motion.
Wang, Xudong
Stable p-Type Conduction from Sb-Decorated Head-to-Head Basal Plane Inversion Domain Boundaries of WisconsinMadison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, United States ABSTRACT: We report that Sb-decorated head-to-head-type dopant due to low dopant solubility, native donor defects, and large acceptor ionization energies has
Boyer, Edmond
1 Hydraulic interactions between fractures and bedding planes in a carbonate aquifer studied high and low permeability regions are controlled by the hydraulic head gradient. Past studies have addressed this problem mainly considering steady- state hydraulic conditions. To study such exchanges during
Chao, Jonathan
, Brooklyn, NY 11201 chao@poly.edu, jspark118@yahoo.com, {sartan01, sjiang01}@utopia.poly.edu Guansong Zhang growth, researchers have been continually exploring new switch architectures with new electronic the multi-plane multi-stage buffered architecture. For instance, Cisco's CRS-1 system [4] based on Benes
Yang, Zheng
ZnO:Sb/ZnO:Ga Light Emitting Diode on c-Plane Sapphire by Molecular Beam Epitaxy Zheng Yang, Sheng substrates using plasma-assisted molecular-beam epitaxy. Mesa geometry light emitting diodes (LEDs) were demonstrated in recent years, such as photodetectors,8,9) light-emitting diodes (LEDs),1013) and random lasing
Wood, Robert
-dimensional mechanism or a spherical joint (such as the five-bar mechanism with auxiliary four-bar in [12]). While (MAVs) is restricted to a flat stroke plane in order to simplify analysis and mechanism design. An MAV components [5], [6], including the Harvard Microrobotic Fly (HMF) [7], [8], [9], and even hybrid mechanical
Quaternary GaInAsSb 2.0-2.5 Micron Back-Illuminated Focal Plane Array for Blood Glucose Monitoring
Flatte, Michael E.
MEMS techniques, such a sensor has the potential to be extremely compact. To be useful, the optical-illumination is the most convenient geometry for mounting the array onto a compact blood glucose sensor because both in detector focal plane arrays optimized for mounting onto an integrated optical sensor for blood glucose
John M. Dickey; N. M. McClure-Griffiths; Snezana Stanimirovic; B. M. Gaensler; A. J. Green
2001-07-31
Using data from the Southern Galactic Plane Survey we have measured the spatial power spectrum of the interstellar neutral atomic hydrogen in the fourth Galactic quadrant. This function shows the same power law behavior that has been found for H I in the second quadrant of the Milky Way and in the Magellanic Clouds, with the same slope. When we average over velocity intervals broader than the typical small-scale velocity dispersion, we find that the slope steepens, from approx. -3 to -4 for the warm gas, as predicted by theories of interstellar turbulence if the column density fluctuations are dominated by variations in the gas density on small spatial scales. The cool gas shows a different increase of slope, that suggests that it is in the regime of turbulence dominated by fluctuations in the velocity field. Overall, these results confirm that the small scale structure and motions in the neutral atomic medium are well described by a turbulent cascade of kinetic energy.
Dust temperature and CO-to-H2 conversion factor variations in the SFR-M* plane
Magnelli, B; Lutz, D; Tacconi, L J; Berta, S; Bournaud, F; Charmandaris, V; Dannerbauer, H; Elbaz, D; Förster-Schreiber, N M; Graciá-Carpio, J; Ivison, R; Maiolino, R; Nordon, R; Popesso, P; Rodighiero, G; Santini, P; Wuyts, S
2012-01-01
Deep Herschel imaging and 12CO(2-1) line luminosities from the IRAM PdBI are combined for a sample of 17 galaxies at z>1 from the GOODS-N field. The sample includes galaxies both on and above the main sequence (MS) traced by star-forming galaxies in the SFR-M* plane. The far-infrared data are used to derive dust masses, Mdust. Combined with an empirical prescription for the dependence of the gas-to-dust ratio on metallicity (GDR), the CO luminosities and Mdust values are used to derive for each galaxy the CO-to-H2 conversion factor, alpha_co. Like in the local Universe, the value of alpha_co is a factor of ~5 smaller in starbursts compared to normal star-forming galaxies (SFGs). We also uncover a relation between alpha_co and dust temperature (Tdust; alpha_co decreasing with increasing Tdust) as obtained from modified blackbody fits to the far-infrared data. While the absolute normalization of the alpha_co(Tdust) relation is uncertain, the global trend is robust against possible systematic biases in the deter...
Real-time synchrotron x-ray studies of low- and high-temperature nitridation of c-plane sapphire
Wang Yiyi; Oezcan, Ahmet S.; Ludwig, Karl F. Jr. [Physics Department, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Oezaydin, Goezde [Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Bhattacharyya, Anirban; Moustakas, Theodore D. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Zhou, Hua; Headrick, Randall L. [Department of Physics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405 (United States); Siddons, D. Peter [National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)
2006-12-15
The plasma nitridation kinetics of c-plane sapphire at both low (200-300 deg. C) and high (750 deg. C) substrate temperatures was examined using grazing-incidence real-time x-ray diffraction, in situ x-ray reflection and in situ reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED). These monitored the evolution of the nitride thickness, strain, and surface structure during nitridation. The evolution of the AlN(1010) peak showed that the heteroepitaxial strain in the first layer of nitride is already significantly relaxed relative to the substrate. Subsequent layers grow with increasing relaxation. In both the high- and low-temperature nitridation cases, the results suggest that the early stage nitridation is governed by a complex nucleation and growth process. Nitridation at both temperatures apparently proceeds in a two-dimensional growth mode with the initial nucleating islands consisting of several monolayers which grow laterally. At low temperature the growth slows or even stops after impingement of the nucleating islands covering the surface, possibly due to low diffusivities through the existing layer. Initial formation and growth rates of nucleating islands at high temperatures are comparable to those at low temperatures, but subsequent growth into the substrate is significantly enhanced over the low temperature case, consistent with activation energies of 0.1-0.25 eV.
Chen, Ray
Flexible In-plane Photonic Devices Based on Transferrable Si Nanomembranes on Polyimide Film on Transferrable Si Nanomembranes on Polyimide Film Xiaochuan Xu1 , Harish Subbaraman2 , Daniel T. Pham1 , Amir the transfer of in-plane Silicon nanomembrane photonic devices on polyimide flexible film. Employing a slightly
The Central Subway Project: San Francisco's Railway to Nowhere?
Barrow, J.J.
2012-01-01
project on Geary and Van Ness, and the Central Subway. plan: linking Geary, Van Ness, Third Street and North Beach, up Geary, down Van Ness to Daly City, and more.
Extracting Commuting Patterns in Railway Networks through Matrix Decompositions
Jaillet, Patrick
of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Laboratory for Advanced in Singapore. We also discuss the issues of model selection and interpretability of these methods. The joint smart card data records res
A Theoretical Structural Impairment Detection System for Timber Railway Bridges
Orsak, John
2012-07-16
, finite element model created in LS-DYNA. Traversing axle loads were imposed on the models. The results obtained from the model were the wheel paths the axles take as they traverse the bridge. The paths were expressed as vertical displacements as a...
DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- American Railway Express Office - NY
Office of Legacy Management (LM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth Dakota Edgemont, South Dakota,You are hereNY
Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction
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Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Railway Makes Tracks With
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Shara, Michael M.; Faherty, Jacqueline K.; Zurek, David; Moffat, Anthony F. J.; Doyon, Rene; Gerke, Jill; Artigau, Etienne; Drissen, Laurent E-mail: jfaherty@amnh.org E-mail: moffat@astro.umontreal.ca E-mail: gerke@astronomy.ohio-state.edu E-mail: ldrissen@phy.ulaval.ca
2012-06-15
We are continuing a J, K and narrowband imaging survey of 300 deg{sup 2} of the plane of the Galaxy, searching for new Wolf-Rayet (W-R) stars. Our survey spans 150 Degree-Sign in Galactic longitude and reaches 1 Degree-Sign above and below the Galactic plane. The survey has a useful limiting magnitude of K = 15 over most of the observed Galactic plane, and K = 14 (due to severe crowding) within a few degrees of the Galactic center. Thousands of emission-line candidates have been detected. In spectrographic follow-ups of 146 relatively bright W-R star candidates, we have re-examined 11 previously known WC and WN stars and discovered 71 new W-R stars, 17 of type WN and 54 of type WC. Our latest image analysis pipeline now picks out W-R stars with a 57% success rate. Star subtype assignments have been confirmed with the K-band spectra and distances approximated using the method of spectroscopic parallax. Some of the new W-R stars are among the most distant known in our Galaxy. The distribution of these new W-R stars is beginning to trace the locations of massive stars along the distant spiral arms of the Milky Way.
Physics 207 Lecture 2 Physics 207: Lecture 3, Pg 1
Winokur, Michael
, The inclined plane and unit conversionSept. 12, The inclined plane and unit conversion Flight 173 ran out to total 22,300 kg of fuel? 4. One crew member informed the other that the "conversion factor" (being the fuel density) was 1.77. THE CRUCIAL FAULT BEING THAT NO ONE EVER INQUIRED ABOUT THE UNITS
Anderson, Gemma E.
We present the Chasing the Identification of ASCA Galactic Objects (ChIcAGO) survey, which is designed to identify the unknown X-ray sources discovered during the ASCA Galactic Plane Survey (AGPS). Little is known about ...
Bomber, Brenda Jean
1980-01-01
relief, uranium rich phase occurs. 22A Photomicrograph in plane polar ized light showing fine particles of a high relief, brown mineral in opaline cement and adjacent to a feldspar grain (F) 83 85 228 Fission track pattern corresponding to 22A. 85... 22C Photomicrograph of a pyrite-cemented sandstone of sample XZ (45 ppm uranium). 85 LIST OF FIGURES (continued) FIGURE PAGE 22D Fission track pattern corresponding to 22C showing uranium associated with the fine-grained particles in the opaline...
Composition dependence of the in-plane Cu-O bond-stretching LO phonon mode in YBa2Cu3O6+x
Stercil, F.; Egami, T.; Mook Jr, Herbert A; Yethiraj, Mohana; Chung, J.-H.; Arai, M.; Frost, C.; Dogan, F.
2008-01-01
An inelastic pulsed neutron scattering study was performed on the dependence of the dispersion and spectral intensity of the in-plane Cu-O bond-stretching LO phonon mode on doped charge density. The measurements were made in the time-of-flight mode with the multiangle position sensitive spectrometer of the ISIS facility on single crystals of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} (x=0.15, 0.35, 0.6, 0.7, and 0.95). The focus of the study is the in-plane Cu-O bond-stretching LO phonon mode, which is known for strong electron-phonon coupling and unusual dependence on composition and temperature. It is shown that the dispersions for the samples with x=0.35, 0.6, and 0.7 are similar to the superposition of those for x=0.15 and 0.95 samples, and cannot be explained in terms of the structural anisotropy. It is suggested that the results are consistent with the model of nanoscale electronic phase separation, with the fraction of the phases being dependent on the doped charge density.
Zhu, Zhiwen, E-mail: zhuzhiwentju@163.com [Department of Mechanics, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China); Tianjin Key Laboratory of Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos Control, Tianjin 300072 (China); Zhang, Qingxin, E-mail: zqxfirst@163.com; Xu, Jia, E-mail: xujia-ld@163.com [Department of Mechanics, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)
2014-05-07
Stochastic bifurcation and fractal and chaos control of a giant magnetostrictive film–shape memory alloy (GMF–SMA) composite cantilever plate subjected to in-plane harmonic and stochastic excitation were studied. Van der Pol items were improved to interpret the hysteretic phenomena of both GMF and SMA, and the nonlinear dynamic model of a GMF–SMA composite cantilever plate subjected to in-plane harmonic and stochastic excitation was developed. The probability density function of the dynamic response of the system was obtained, and the conditions of stochastic Hopf bifurcation were analyzed. The conditions of noise-induced chaotic response were obtained in the stochastic Melnikov integral method, and the fractal boundary of the safe basin of the system was provided. Finally, the chaos control strategy was proposed in the stochastic dynamic programming method. Numerical simulation shows that stochastic Hopf bifurcation and chaos appear in the parameter variation process. The boundary of the safe basin of the system has fractal characteristics, and its area decreases when the noise intensifies. The system reliability was improved through stochastic optimal control, and the safe basin area of the system increased.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Zhang, Linjing [Beijing Inst. of Technology (China). Key Lab. of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and the Environment; Li, Ning [Beijing Inst. of Technology (China). Key Lab. of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and the Environment; Wu, Borong [Beijing Inst. of Technology (China). Key Lab. of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and the Environment; Beijing Higher Institution Engineering Research Center of Power Battery and Chemical Energy Materials (China); Xu, Hongliang [Beijing Inst. of Technology (China). Key Lab. of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and the Environment; Wang, Lei [Beijing Inst. of Technology (China). Key Lab. of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and the Environment; Yang, Xiao-Qing [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Chemistry Dept.; Wu, Feng [Beijing Inst. of Technology (China). Key Lab. of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and the Environment
2015-01-14
High-energy and high-power Li-ion batteries have been intensively pursued as power sources in electronic vehicles and renewable energy storage systems in smart grids. With this purpose, developing high-performance cathode materials is urgently needed. Here we report an easy and versatile strategy to fabricate high-rate and cycling-stable hierarchical sphered cathode Li1.2Ni0.13Mn0.54Co0.13O2, by using an ionic interfusion method. The sphere-shaped hierarchical cathode is assembled with primary nanoplates with enhanced growth of nanocrystal planes in favor of Li+ intercalation/deintercalation, such as (010), (100), and (110) planes. This material with such unique structural features exhibits outstanding rate capability, cyclability, and high discharge capacities, achieving around 70% (175 mAhg–1) of the capacity at 0.1 C rate within about 2.1 min of ultrafast charging. Such cathode is feasible to construct high-energy and high-power Li-ion batteries.
Yoshihiro Nishiyama
2003-07-10
Effective bending moduli of a fluid membrane are investigated by means of the transfer-matrix method developed in our preceding paper. This method allows us to survey various statistical measures for the partition sum. The role of the statistical measures is arousing much attention, since Pinnow and Helfrich claimed that under a suitable statistical measure, that is, the local mean curvature, the fluid membranes are stiffened, rather than softened, by thermal undulations. In this paper, we propose an efficient method to observe the effective bending moduli directly: We subjected a fluid membrane to a curved reference plane, and from the free-energy cost due to the reference-plane deformations, we read off the effective bending moduli. Accepting the mean-curvature measure, we found that the effective bending rigidity gains even in the case of very flexible membrane (small bare rigidity); it has been rather controversial that for such non-perturbative regime, the analytical prediction does apply. We also incorporate the Gaussian-curvature modulus, and calculated its effective rigidity. Thereby, we found that the effective Gaussian-curvature modulus stays almost scale-invariant. All these features are contrasted with the results under the normal-displacement measure.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Zhang, Linjing; Li, Ning; Wu, Borong; Xu, Hongliang; Wang, Lei; Yang, Xiao-Qing; Wu, Feng
2015-01-14
High-energy and high-power Li-ion batteries have been intensively pursued as power sources in electronic vehicles and renewable energy storage systems in smart grids. With this purpose, developing high-performance cathode materials is urgently needed. Here we report an easy and versatile strategy to fabricate high-rate and cycling-stable hierarchical sphered cathode Li1.2Ni0.13Mn0.54Co0.13O2, by using an ionic interfusion method. The sphere-shaped hierarchical cathode is assembled with primary nanoplates with enhanced growth of nanocrystal planes in favor of Li+ intercalation/deintercalation, such as (010), (100), and (110) planes. This material with such unique structural features exhibits outstanding rate capability, cyclability, and high discharge capacities, achievingmore »around 70% (175 mAhg–1) of the capacity at 0.1 C rate within about 2.1 min of ultrafast charging. Such cathode is feasible to construct high-energy and high-power Li-ion batteries.« less
Magnelli, B; Saintonge, A; Berta, S; Santini, P; Symeonidis, M; Altieri, B; Andreani, P; Aussel, H; Béthermin, M; Bock, J; Bongiovanni, A; Cepa, J; Cimatti, A; Conley, A; Daddi, E; Elbaz, D; Schreiber, N M Förster; Genzel, R; Ivison, R J; Floc'h, E Le; Magdis, G; Maiolino, R; Nordon, R; Oliver, S J; Page, M; García, A Pérez; Poglitsch, A; Popesso, P; Pozzi, F; Riguccini, L; Rodighiero, G; Rosario, D; Roseboom, I; Sanchez-Portal, M; Scott, D; Sturm, E; Tacconi, L J; Valtchanov, I; Wang, L; Wuyts, S
2013-01-01
[Abridged] We study the evolution of the dust temperatures of galaxies in the SFR-M* plane up to z~2 using observations from the Herschel Space Observatory. Starting from a sample of galaxies with reliable star-formation rates (SFRs), stellar masses (M*) and redshift estimates, we grid the SFR-M* parameter space in several redshift ranges and estimate the mean Tdust of each SFR-M*-z bin. Dust temperatures are inferred using the stacked far-infrared flux densities of our SFR-M*-z bins. At all redshifts, Tdust increases with infrared luminosities (LIR), specific SFRs (SSFR; i.e., SFR/M*) and distances with respect to the main sequence (MS) of the SFR-M* plane (i.e., D_SSFR_MS=log[SSFR(galaxy)/SSFR_MS(M*,z)]). The Tdust-SSFR and Tdust-D_SSFR_MS correlations are statistically more significant than the Tdust-LIR one. While the slopes of these three correlations are redshift-independent, their normalizations evolve from z=0 and z~2. We convert these results into a recipe to derive Tdust from SFR, M* and z. The exis...
Viotti, Matias R.; Armando Albertazzi, G. Jr.; Kapp, Walter A.
2011-03-01
This paper shows the optical setup of a radial in-plane digital speckle pattern interferometer which uses an axis-symmetrical diffractive optical element (DOE) to obtain double illumination. The application of the DOE gives in-plane sensitivity which only depends on the grating period of the DOE instead of the wavelength of the laser used as illumination source. A compact optical layout was built in order to have a portable optical strain sensor with a circular measurement area of about 5 mm in diameter. In order to compare its performance with electrical strain sensors (strain gauges), mechanical loading was generated by a four-point bending device and simultaneously monitored by the optical strain sensor and by two-element strain gauge rosettes. Several mechanical stress levels were measured showing a good agreement between both sensors. Results showed that the optical sensor could measure applied mechanical strains with a mean uncertainty of about 5% and 4% for the maximum and minimum principal strains, respectively.
Shao Tao; Yan Ping [Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Key Laboratory of Power Electronics and Electric Drive, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Tarasenko, Victor F.; Shut'ko, Yuliya V. [Institute of High Current Electronics, Russian Academy of Science, Tomsk 634055 (Russian Federation); Zhang Cheng [Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)
2011-05-15
In this paper, using two repetitive nanosecond generators, x-rays were detected in atmospheric air with a highly inhomogeneous electric field by a point-to- plane gap. The rise times of the generators were about 15 and 1 ns. The x-rays were directly measured by various dosimeters and a NaI scintillator with a photomultiplier tube. X-rays were detected in the continuous mode at pulse repetition frequency up to 1 kHz and a voltage pulse rise time of {approx}15 ns. It is shown that the maximum x-ray intensity is attainable at different pulse repetition frequencies depending on the voltage pulse parameters and cathode design. In atmospheric pressure air the x-ray intensity is found to increase with increasing the pulse repetition frequency up to 1 kHz. It is confirmed that the maximum x-ray intensity is attained in a diffuse discharge in a point-to-plane gap.
Flow of fracturing foams in vertical, horizontal and inclined pipes
Krindinti, Kshipraprasad H
2002-01-01
Foams are complex mixtures of a gas and a liquid, with the latter being the continuous phase. The rheological properties of foams are strongly influenced by parameters like temperature, absolute pressure, foam quality, texture, foam-channel wall...
Tunable transport of drops on a vibrating inclined fiber
Bick, Alison; Sauret, Alban; Stone, Howard A
2015-01-01
Transport of liquid drops in fibrous media occurs in various engineering systems such as fog harvesting or cleaning of textiles. The ability to tune or to control liquid movement can increase the system efficiency and enable new engineering applications. In this Letter, we experimentally investigate how partially wetting drops on a single fiber can be manipulated by vibrating the fiber. We show that a sliding motion along the fiber or a dripping of the drop can be triggered by standing waves. We identify the conditions on the drop volume, the fiber tilt angle and the amplitude and frequency of oscillations to observe these different behaviors. Finally, we experimentally illustrate that vibrations can be used to control the transport and the collection of water drops along a fiber using a combination of the sliding and dripping transitions.
Effects of interplanetary shock inclinations on auroral power intensity
Oliveira, D M; Tsurutani, B T; Gjerloev, J W
2015-01-01
We derive fast forward interplanetary (IP) shock speeds and impact angles to study the geoeffectivness of 461 IP shocks that occurred from January 1995 to December 2013 using ACE and WIND spacecraft data. The geomagnetic activity is inferred from the SuperMAG project data. SuperMAG is a large chain which employs more than 300 ground stations to compute enhanced versions of the traditional geomagnetic indices. The SuperMAG auroral electroject SME index, an enhanced version of the traditional AE index, is used as an auroral power (AP) indicator. AP intensity jumps triggered by shock impacts are correlated with both shock speed and impact angle. It is found that high AP intensity events typically occur when high speed IP shocks impact the Earths magnetosphere with the shock normal almost parallel to the Sun-Earth line. This result suggests that symmetric and strong magnetospheric compression leads to favorable conditions for intense auroral power release, as shown previously by simulations and observations. Some...
Meandering of liquid rivulets on partially wetting inclines
Daerr, Adrian - Laboratoire Matière et Systèmes Complexes, Université Paris 7
at the point where the light rays emanating from a light emitting diode are focussed by the lens. The minimal
Cold plate with combined inclined impingement and ribbed channels
Parida, Pritish R.
2015-12-22
Heat transfer devices and methods for making the same that include a first enclosure having at least one inlet port; a second enclosure having a bottom plate and one or more dividing walls to establish channels, at least one internal surface of each channel having rib structures to create turbulence in a fluid flow; and a jet plate connecting the first enclosure and the second enclosure having impinging jets that convey fluid from the first enclosure to the channels, said impinging jets being set at an angular deviation from normal to cause local acceleration of fluid and to increase a local heat transfer rate.
LM-MHD free-surface flow experiments in MTOR
California at Los Angeles, University of
effects Slide 4 #12;Initial Experiments in MTOR · Inclined plane with magnetic propulsion · Flux Plane with Magnetic Propulsion Bmax = 0.55 T Slide 6 #12;Inclined-Plane Test Section · Flow area: 20 cm height response to toroidal field and magnetic propulsion current 4.0E-03 4.5E-03 5.0E-03 5.5E-03 6.0E-03
Lyu, Fen; Liang, En-Wei; Liang, Yun-Feng; Sun, Xiao-Na; Lu, Rui-Jing; Zhang, Bing [Department of Physics and GXU-NAOC Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004 (China); Wu, Xue-Feng [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China); Zhang, Jin, E-mail: lew@gxu.edu.cn, E-mail: xfwu@pmo.ac.cn, E-mail: zhang@physics.unlv.edu [National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China)
2014-09-20
We present a spectral analysis for a sample of redshift-known gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) observed with Fermi/GBM. Together with the results derived from our systematical spectral energy distribution modeling with the leptonic models for a Fermi/LAT blazar sample, we compare the distributions of the GRBs and the blazars by plotting the synchrotron peak luminosity (L {sub s}) and the corresponding peak photon energy E {sub s} of blazars in the L {sub p}-E {sub p}-plane of GRBs, where L {sub p} and E {sub p} are the peak luminosity and peak photon energy of the GRB time-integrated ?f {sub ?} spectrum, respectively. The GRBs are in the high-L {sub p}, high-E {sub p} corner of the plane and a tight L {sub p}-E {sub p} relation is found, i.e., L{sub p}?E{sub p}{sup 2.13{sub ?}{sub 0}{sub .}{sub 4}{sub 6}{sup +{sup 0{sup .{sup 5{sup 4}}}}}}. Both flat spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs) and low-synchrotron peaking BL Lac objects (LBLs) are clustered in the low-E {sub p}, low-L {sub p} corner. Intermediate- and high-synchrotron peaking BL Lac objects (IBLs and HBLs) have E {sub s} ? 2 × 10{sup –3}-10{sup 2} keV and L {sub s} ? 10{sup 44}-10{sup 47} erg s{sup –1}, but no dependence of L {sub s} on E {sub s} is found. We show that the tight L{sub p} -E{sub p} relation of GRBs is potentially explained with the synchrotron radiation of fast-cooling electrons in a highly magnetized ejecta, and the weak anti-correlation of L {sub s}-E {sub s} for FSRQs and LBLs may be attributed to synchrotron radiation of slow-cooling electrons in a moderately magnetized ejecta. The distributions of IBLs and HBLs in the L {sub p}-E {sub p}-plane may be interpreted with synchrotron radiation of fast-cooling electrons in a matter-dominated ejecta. These results may present a unified picture for the radiation physics of relativistic jets in GRBs and blazars within the framework of the leptonic synchrotron radiation models.
Charge separation relative to the reaction plane in Pb-Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$= 2.76 TeV
Abelev, Betty; Adamova, Dagmar; Adare, Andrew Marshall; Aggarwal, Madan; Aglieri Rinella, Gianluca; Agocs, Andras Gabor; Agostinelli, Andrea; Aguilar Salazar, Saul; Ahammed, Zubayer; Ahmad, Arshad; Ahmad, Nazeer; Ahn, Sang Un; Akindinov, Alexander; Aleksandrov, Dmitry; Alessandro, Bruno; Alfaro Molina, Jose Ruben; Alici, Andrea; Alkin, Anton; Almaraz Avina, Erick Jonathan; Alme, Johan; Alt, Torsten; Altini, Valerio; Altinpinar, Sedat; Altsybeev, Igor; Andrei, Cristian; Andronic, Anton; Anguelov, Venelin; Anielski, Jonas; Anticic, Tome; Antinori, Federico; Antonioli, Pietro; Aphecetche, Laurent Bernard; Appelshauser, Harald; Arbor, Nicolas; Arcelli, Silvia; Armesto, Nestor; Arnaldi, Roberta; Aronsson, Tomas Robert; Arsene, Ionut Cristian; Arslandok, Mesut; Augustinus, Andre; Averbeck, Ralf Peter; Awes, Terry; Aysto, Juha Heikki; Azmi, Mohd Danish; Bach, Matthias Jakob; Badala, Angela; Baek, Yong Wook; Bailhache, Raphaelle Marie; Bala, Renu; Baldini Ferroli, Rinaldo; Baldisseri, Alberto; Baldit, Alain; Baltasar Dos Santos Pedrosa, Fernando; Ban, Jaroslav; Baral, Rama Chandra; Barbera, Roberto; Barile, Francesco; Barnafoldi, Gergely Gabor; Barnby, Lee Stuart; Barret, Valerie; Bartke, Jerzy Gustaw; Basile, Maurizio; Bastid, Nicole; Basu, Sumit; Bathen, Bastian; Batigne, Guillaume; Batyunya, Boris; Baumann, Christoph Heinrich; Bearden, Ian Gardner; Beck, Hans; Behera, Nirbhay Kumar; Belikov, Iouri; Bellini, Francesca; Bellwied, Rene; Belmont-Moreno, Ernesto; Bencedi, Gyula; Beole, Stefania; Berceanu, Ionela; Bercuci, Alexandru; Berdnikov, Yaroslav; Berenyi, Daniel; Bergognon, Anais Annick Erica; Berzano, Dario; Betev, Latchezar; Bhasin, Anju; Bhati, Ashok Kumar; Bhom, Jihyun; Bianchi, Livio; Bianchi, Nicola; Bianchin, Chiara; Bielcik, Jaroslav; Bielcikova, Jana; Bilandzic, Ante; Bjelogrlic, Sandro; Blanco, F; Blanco, Francesco; Blau, Dmitry; Blume, Christoph; Bock, Nicolas; Boettger, Stefan; Bogdanov, Alexey; Boggild, Hans; Bogolyubsky, Mikhail; Boldizsar, Laszlo; Bombara, Marek; Book, Julian; Borel, Herve; Borissov, Alexander; Bose, Suvendu Nath; Bossu, Francesco; Botje, Michiel; Boyer, Bruno Alexandre; Braidot, Ermes; Braun-Munzinger, Peter; Bregant, Marco; Breitner, Timo Gunther; Browning, Tyler Allen; Broz, Michal; Brun, Rene; Bruna, Elena; Bruno, Giuseppe Eugenio; Budnikov, Dmitry; Buesching, Henner; Bufalino, Stefania; Bugaiev, Kyrylo; Busch, Oliver; Buthelezi, Edith Zinhle; Caffarri, Davide; Cai, Xu; Caines, Helen Louise; Calvo Villar, Ernesto; Camerini, Paolo; Canoa Roman, Veronica; Cara Romeo, Giovanni; Carena, Francesco; Carena, Wisla; Carminati, Federico; Casanova Diaz, Amaya Ofelia; Castillo Castellanos, Javier Ernesto; Casula, Ester Anna Rita; Catanescu, Vasile; Cavicchioli, Costanza; Ceballos Sanchez, Cesar; Cepila, Jan; Cerello, Piergiorgio; Chang, Beomsu; Chapeland, Sylvain; Charvet, Jean-Luc Fernand; Chattopadhyay, Sukalyan; Chattopadhyay, Subhasis; Chawla, Isha; Cherney, Michael Gerard; Cheshkov, Cvetan; Cheynis, Brigitte; Chiavassa, Emilio; Chibante Barroso, Vasco Miguel; Chinellato, David; Chochula, Peter; Chojnacki, Marek; Choudhury, Subikash; Christakoglou, Panagiotis; Christensen, Christian Holm; Christiansen, Peter; Chujo, Tatsuya; Chung, Suh-Urk; Cicalo, Corrado; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, Federico; Cleymans, Jean Willy Andre; Coccetti, Fabrizio; Colamaria, Fabio; Colella, Domenico; Conesa Balbastre, Gustavo; Conesa del Valle, Zaida; Constantin, Paul; Contin, Giacomo; Contreras, Jesus Guillermo; Cormier, Thomas Michael; Corrales Morales, Yasser; Cortes Maldonado, Ismael; Cortese, Pietro; Cosentino, Mauro Rogerio; Costa, Filippo; Cotallo, Manuel Enrique; Crochet, Philippe; Cruz Alaniz, Emilia; Cuautle, Eleazar; Cunqueiro, Leticia; D'Erasmo, Ginevra; Dainese, Andrea; Dalsgaard, Hans Hjersing; Danu, Andrea; Das, Debasish; Das, Indranil; Das, Kushal; Dash, Ajay Kumar; Dash, Sadhana; De, Sudipan; de Barros, Gabriel; De Caro, Annalisa; de Cataldo, Giacinto; de Cuveland, Jan; De Falco, Alessandro; De Gruttola, Daniele; De Marco, Nora; De Pasquale, Salvatore; de Rooij, Raoul Stefan; Delagrange, Hugues; Deloff, Andrzej; Demanov, Vyacheslav; Denes, Ervin; Deppman, Airton; Di Bari, Domenico; Di Giglio, Carmelo; Di Liberto, Sergio; Di Mauro, Antonio; Di Nezza, Pasquale; Diaz Corchero, Miguel Angel; Dietel, Thomas; Divia, Roberto; Djuvsland, Oeystein; Dobrin, Alexandru Florin; Dobrowolski, Tadeusz Antoni; Dominguez, Isabel; Donigus, Benjamin; Dordic, Olja; Driga, Olga; Dubey, Anand Kumar; Dubla, Andrea; Ducroux, Laurent; Dupieux, Pascal; Dutta Majumdar, AK
2013-01-01
Measurements of charge dependent azimuthal correlations with the ALICE detector at the LHC are reported for Pb-Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV. Two- and three-particle charge-dependent azimuthal correlations in the pseudo-rapidity range $|\\eta | < 0.8$ are presented as a function of the collision centrality, particle separation in pseudo-rapidity, and transverse momentum. A clear signal compatible with the expectation of a charge-dependent separation relative to the reaction plane is observed, which shows little or no collision energy dependence when compared to measurements at RHIC energies. Models incorporating effects of local parity violation in strong interactions fail to describe the observed collision energy dependence.
Bonu, Venkataramana; Prasad, Arun K; Krishna, Nanda Gopala; Dhara, Sandip; Tyagi, A K
2015-01-01
Role of 'O' defects in sensing pollutant with nanostructured SnO_2 is not well understood, especially at low temperatures. SnO_2 nanoparticles were grown by soft chemistry route followed by subsequent annealing treatment under specific conditions. Nanowires were grown by chemical vapor deposition technique. A systematic photoluminescence (PL) investigation of 'O' defects in SnO_2 nanostructures revealed a strong correlation between shallow donors created by the in-plane and the bridging 'O' vacancies and gas sensing at low temperatures. These SnO_2 nanostructures detected methane (CH_4), a reducing and green house gas at a low temperature of 50 ^oC. Response of CH_4 was found to be strongly dependent on surface defect in comparison to surface to volume ratio. Control over 'O' vacancies during the synthesis of SnO2 nanomaterials, as supported by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and subsequent elucidation for low temperature sensing are demonstrated.
Real-Time Scheduling in a Generic Fault-Tolerant Architecture A. J. Wellings, Lj. Beus-Dukic
Beus-Dukic, Ljerka
: nuclear submarine, railway and space systems. For example, railway applications have the requirement
Introduction to Subject Area "Verification" Frank Ortmeier, Wolfgang Reif, and Gerhard Schellhorn
Reif, Wolfgang
of software the complexity of such systems and therefore the risks associated with failures have increased too. There are far more critical embedded systems in our environment like air planes, high speed railways or nuclear power plants. Such systems must not fail. To assure safety thorough analysis is required. This can
Introduction to Subject Area ``Verification'' Frank Ortmeier, Wolfgang Reif, and Gerhard Schellhorn
Reif, Wolfgang
of software the complexity of such systems and therefore the risks associated with failures have increased too. There are far more critical embedded systems in our environment like air planes, high speed railways or nuclear power plants. Such systems must not fail. To assure safety thorough analysis is required. This can
Ha, Taekjip
A-7 3An electron of charge | | and mass moves in the presence of a uniform magnetic field pointing in the z-direction . The motion of the electron is confined to the - plane. (a) As a warm up, write down by [ ] where is the canonical momentum, and is the magnetic vector potential. (c) The Hamiltonian
Makarov, I. A., E-mail: macplay@mail.ru; Ovchinnikov, S. G.; Shneider, E. I. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kirensky Institute of Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)
2012-02-15
The influence of interlayer hoppings on the superconducting transition temperature (T{sub c}) in bilayer cuprates has been studied. The parameter of hopping between layers is expressed as t{sub Up-Tack }(k) = t{sub Up-Tack }(cos(k{sub x}) - cos(k{sub y})){sup 2} and treated as a small perturbation for the states of two CuO{sub 2} planes described by the t-t Prime -t Double-Prime -J* model. In the generalized mean field approximation for d{sub x}{sup 2} - y{sup 2} symmetry of the superconducting gap, neither the interlayer hopping or exchange interaction, nor the pair hopping between CuO{sub 2} layers provides an additional mechanism of Cooper pair formation or an increase in T{sub c}. In the concentration dependence of T{sub c}, the bilayer splitting of the upper Hubbard band of quasi-holes is manifested as two peaks with temperatures slightly lower than the maximum T{sub c} for a single-layer cuprate. Interlayer antiferromagnetic spin correlations suppress bilayer splitting.
Dancheva, Y.; Biancalana, V.; Pagano, D.; Scortecci, F.
2013-06-15
Near exit plane non-resonant light induced fluorescence spectroscopy is performed in a Hall effect low-power Xenon thruster at discharge voltage of 250 V and anode flow rate of 0.7 mg/s. Measurements of the axial and radial velocity components are performed, exciting the 6s{sup 2}[3/2]{sub 2}{sup o}{yields}6p{sup 2}[3/2]{sub 2} transition at 823.16 nm in XeI and the 5d[4]{sub 7/2}{yields}6p[3]{sub 5/2}{sup o} transition at 834.724 nm in XeII. No significant deviation from the thermal velocity is observed for XeI. Two most probable ion velocities are registered at a given position with respect to the thruster axis, which are mainly attributed to different areas of creation of ions inside the acceleration channel. The spatial resolution of the set-up is limited by the laser beam size (radius of the order of 0.5 mm) and the fluorescence collection optics, which have a view spot diameter of 8 mm.
E. L. Chapin; P. A. R. Ade; J. J. Bock; C. Brunt; M. J. Devlin; S. Dicker; M. Griffin; J. O. Gundersen; M. Halpern; P. C. Hargrave; D. H. Hughes; J. Klein; G. Marsden; P. G. Martin; P. Mauskopf; C. B. Netterfield; L. Olmi; E. Pascale; G. Patanchon; M. Rex; D. Scott; C. Semisch; M. D. P. Truch; C. Tucker; G. S. Tucker; M. P. Viero; D. V. Wiebe
2007-11-21
We present the first results from a new 250, 350, and 500 micron Galactic Plane survey taken with the Balloon-borne Large-Aperture Submillimeter Telescope (BLAST) in 2005. This survey's primary goal is to identify and characterize high-mass proto-stellar objects (HMPOs). The region studied here covers 4 sq. deg near the open cluster NGC 6823 in the constellation Vulpecula (l=59). We find 60 compact sources (0) velocities combined with a variety of other velocity and morphological data in the literature. In total, 49 sources are associated with a molecular cloud complex encompassing NGC 6823 (distance ~2.3kpc), 10 objects with the Perseus Arm (~8.5kpc) and one object is probably in the outer Galaxy (~14kpc). Near NGC 6823, the inferred luminosities and masses of BLAST sources span ~40-10^4 L_\\odot, and ~15-700 M_\\odot, respectively. The mass spectrum is compatible with molecular gas masses in other high-mass star forming regions. Several luminous sources appear to be Ultra Compact HII regions powered by early B stars. However, many of the objects are cool, massive gravitationally-bound clumps with no obvious internal radiation from a protostar, and hence excellent HMPO candidates.
Paracha, A M; Marty, F; Chasin, A Vaisman; Poulichet, P; Bourouina, T
2008-01-01
In this paper, design, fabrication and characterization issues of a bulk silicon-based, vibration powered, electric energy generator are addressed. The converter is based on an In-Plane Overlap Plate (IPOP) configuration [1]. Measurements have shown that with a theoretically lossless electronics and a starting voltage of 5 V, power density of 58 $\\mu$W/cm3 is achievable at the resonance frequency of 290 Hz. It can be further improved by reducing the parasitic capacitance, which can be achieved by silicon etching, but a considerable mass is lost. In [2], it is shown that 19% of mass reduction improves power density from 12.95 $\\mu$W/cm3 to 59 $\\mu$W/cm3. Hence an enhancement in fabrication process is proposed, which is termed as Backside DRIE. It helps in increasing power density without loosing an important quantity of mass. Simulations have shown that 2.5% of mass removal improves power density up to 76.71 $\\mu$W/cm3. Initial simulation results and problems of associated electronics are also discussed.
H. Agakishiev; M. M. Aggarwal; Z. Ahammed; A. V. Alakhverdyants; I. Alekseev; J. Alford; B. D. Anderson; C. D. Anson; D. Arkhipkin; G. S. Averichev; J. Balewski; D. R. Beavis; N. K. Behera; R. Bellwied; M. J. Betancourt; R. R. Betts; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; H. Bichsel; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; B. Biritz; L. C. Bland; W. Borowski; J. Bouchet; E. Braidot; A. V. Brandin; A. Bridgeman; S. G. Brovko; E. Bruna; S. Bueltmann; I. Bunzarov; T. P. Burton; X. Z. Cai; H. Caines; M. Calderón de la Barca Sánchez; D. Cebra; R. Cendejas; M. C. Cervantes; Z. Chajecki; P. Chaloupka; S. Chattopadhyay; H. F. Chen; J. H. Chen; J. Y. Chen; L. Chen; J. Cheng; M. Cherney; A. Chikanian; K. E. Choi; W. Christie; P. Chung; M. J. M. Codrington; R. Corliss; J. G. Cramer; H. J. Crawford; S. Dash; A. Davila Leyva; L. C. De Silva; R. R. Debbe; T. G. Dedovich; A. A. Derevschikov; R. Derradi de Souza; L. Didenko; P. Djawotho; S. M. Dogra; X. Dong; J. L. Drachenberg; J. E. Draper; J. C. Dunlop; L. G. Efimov; M. Elnimr; J. Engelage; G. Eppley; M. Estienne; L. Eun; O. Evdokimov; R. Fatemi; J. Fedorisin; R. G. Fersch; P. Filip; E. Finch; V. Fine; Y. Fisyak; C. A. Gagliardi; D. R. Gangadharan; A. Geromitsos; F. Geurts; P. Ghosh; Y. N. Gorbunov; A. Gordon; O. Grebenyuk; D. Grosnick; S. M. Guertin; A. Gupta; W. Guryn; B. Haag; O. Hajkova; A. Hamed; L-X. Han; J. W. Harris; J. P. Hays-Wehle; M. Heinz; S. Heppelmann; A. Hirsch; E. Hjort; G. W. Hoffmann; D. J. Hofman; B. Huang; H. Z. Huang; T. J. Humanic; L. Huo; G. Igo; P. Jacobs; W. W. Jacobs; C. Jena; F. Jin; J. Joseph; E. G. Judd; S. Kabana; K. Kang; J. Kapitan; K. Kauder; H. Ke; D. Keane; A. Kechechyan; D. Kettler; D. P. Kikola; J. Kiryluk; A. Kisiel; V. Kizka; A. G. Knospe; D. D. Koetke; T. Kollegger; J. Konzer; I. Koralt; L. Koroleva; W. Korsch; L. Kotchenda; V. Kouchpil; P. Kravtsov; K. Krueger; M. Krus; L. Kumar; P. Kurnadi; M. A. C. Lamont; J. M. Landgraf; S. LaPointe; J. Lauret; A. Lebedev; R. Lednicky; J. H. Lee; W. Leight; M. J. LeVine; C. Li; L. Li; N. Li; W. Li; X. Li; X. Li; Y. Li; Z. M. Li; M. A. Lisa; F. Liu; H. Liu; J. Liu; T. Ljubicic; W. J. Llope; R. S. Longacre; W. A. Love; Y. Lu; E. V. Lukashov; X. Luo; G. L. Ma; Y. G. Ma; D. P. Mahapatra; R. Majka; O. I. Mall; L. K. Mangotra; R. Manweiler; S. Margetis; C. Markert; H. Masui; H. S. Matis; Yu. A. Matulenko; D. McDonald; T. S. McShane; A. Meschanin; R. Milner; N. G. Minaev; S. Mioduszewski; A. Mischke; M. K. Mitrovski; B. Mohanty; M. M. Mondal; B. Morozov; D. A. Morozov; M. G. Munhoz; M. Naglis; B. K. Nandi; T. K. Nayak; P. K. Netrakanti; L. V. Nogach; S. B. Nurushev; G. Odyniec; A. Ogawa; Oh; Ohlson; V. Okorokov; E. W. Oldag; D. Olson; M. Pachr; B. S. Page; S. K. Pal; Y. Pandit; Y. Panebratsev; T. Pawlak; H. Pei; T. Peitzmann; C. Perkins; W. Peryt; S. C. Phatak; P. Pile; M. Planinic; M. A. Ploskon; J. Pluta; D. Plyku; N. Poljak; A. M. Poskanzer; B. V. K. S. Potukuchi; C. B. Powell; D. Prindle; C. Pruneau; N. K. Pruthi; P. R. Pujahari; J. Putschke; H. Qiu; R. Raniwala; S. Raniwala; R. L. Ray; R. Redwine; R. Reed; H. G. Ritter; J. B. Roberts; O. V. Rogachevskiy; J. L. Romero; A. Rose; L. Ruan; J. Rusnak; N. R. Sahoo; S. Sakai; I. Sakrejda; T. Sakuma; S. Salur; J. Sandweiss; E. Sangaline; A. Sarkar; J. Schambach; R. P. Scharenberg; A. M. Schmah; T. R. Schuster; J. Seele; J. Seger; I. Selyuzhenkov; P. Seyboth; E. Shahaliev; M. Shao; M. Sharma; S. S. Shi; Q. Y. Shou; E. P. Sichtermann; F. Simon; R. N. Singaraju; M. J. Skoby; N. Smirnov; H. M. Spinka; B. Srivastava; T. D. S. Stanislaus; D. Staszak; S. G. Steadman; J. R. Stevens; R. Stock; M. Strikhanov; B. Stringfellow; A. A. P. Suaide; M. C. Suarez; N. L. Subba; M. Sumbera; X. M. Sun; Y. Sun; Z. Sun; B. Surrow; D. N. Svirida; T. J. M. Symons; A. Szanto de Toledo; J. Takahashi; A. H. Tang; Z. Tang; L. H. Tarini; T. Tarnowsky; D. Thein; J. H. Thomas; J. Tian; A. R. Timmins; D. Tlusty; M. Tokarev; V. N. Tram; S. Trentalange; R. E. Tribble; Tribedy; O. D. Tsai; T. Ullrich; D. G. Underwood; G. Van Buren; G. van Nieuwenhuizen; J. A. Vanfossen, Jr.; R. Varma; G. M. S. Vasconcelos; A. N. Vasiliev; F. Videbæk; Y. P. Viyogi; S. Vokal; M. Wada; M. Walker; F. Wang; G. Wang; H. Wang; J. S. Wang; Q. Wang; X. L. Wang; Y. Wang; G. Webb; J. C. Webb; G. D. Westfall; C. Whitten Jr.; H. Wieman; S. W. Wissink; R. Witt; W. Witzke; Y. F. Wu; Xiao; W. Xie; H. Xu; N. Xu; Q. H. Xu; W. Xu; Y. Xu; Z. Xu; L. Xue; Y. Yang; P. Yepes; K. Yip; I-K. Yoo; M. Zawisza; H. Zbroszczyk; W. Zhan; J. B. Zhang; S. Zhang; W. M. Zhang; X. P. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; J. Zhao; C. Zhong; W. Zhou; X. Zhu; Y. H. Zhu; R. Zoulkarneev; Y. Zoulkarneeva
2013-05-16
Dihadron azimuthal correlations containing a high transverse momentum ($\\pt$) trigger particle are sensitive to the properties of the nuclear medium created at RHIC through the strong interactions occurring between the traversing parton and the medium, i.e. jet-quenching. Previous measurements revealed a strong modification to dihadron azimuthal correlations in Au+Au collisions with respect to \\pp\\ and \\dAu\\ collisions. The modification increases with the collision centrality, suggesting a path-length dependence to the jet-quenching effect. This paper reports STAR measurements of dihadron azimuthal correlations in mid-central (20-60\\%) Au+Au collisions at $\\snn=200$~GeV as a function of the trigger particle's azimuthal angle relative to the event plane, $\\phis=|\\phit-\\psiEP|$. The azimuthal correlation is studied as a function of both the trigger and associated particle $\\pt$. The subtractions of the combinatorial background and anisotropic flow, assuming Zero Yield At Minimum (\\zyam), are described. The away-side correlation is strongly modified, and the modification varies with $\\phis$, which is expected to be related to the path-length that the away-side parton traverses. The pseudo-rapidity ($\\deta$) dependence of the near-side correlation, sensitive to long range $\\deta$ correlations (the ridge), is also investigated. The ridge and jet-like components of the near-side correlation are studied as a function of $\\phis$. The ridge appears to drop with increasing $\\phis$ while the jet-like component remains approximately constant. ...
Canting in polarization plane Backscattering
Zhang, Guifu
" % & ' ( ) * ! A = cos2 " + sin2 # sin2 "! = Afa + Bfb ( fa " fb ) BC ( fa " fb ) BC Cfb + Dfa # $ % & ' ( ! B = cos2 " + sin2 # sin2 " ! = Afa + Bfb ( fa " fb ) BC ( fa " fb ) BC Cfb + Dfa # $ % & ' ( ! B = cos2 " sin2 · Gaussian pdf Statistical polarization signatures ! fhh 2 = Afa + Bfb( ) Afa * + Bfb * ( ) ! p(",#) = p
Focal Plane Scanner Jie Pan * +
Martin, Jeff
- - - - - design criteria Geant4 simulation - - - - - detector performance and some results - - - - - rates Design Design criteria: Small (1 cm2) active area 1 MHz max rate allows operation in counting mode prototype - - - - - some results and problems - - - - - 2- tube prototype design Status and plan #12
Cao, Shuo; Zhu, Zong-Hong [Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, 100875 Beijing (China); Covone, Giovanni [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Università di Napoli "Federico II," Via Cinthia, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); Jullo, Eric [OAMP, Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, UMR6110, Traverse du Siphon, F-13012 Marseille (France); Richard, Johan [CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Universite Lyon 1, 9 Avenue Ch. Andre, F-69561 Saint Genis Laval Cedex (France); Izzo, Luca, E-mail: zhuzh@bnu.edu.cn [Dip. di Fisica, Sapienza Universit'a di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, I-00185 Rome (Italy)
2015-01-01
We present a new analysis of Hubble Space Telescope, Spitzer Space Telescope, and Very Large Telescope imaging and spectroscopic data of a bright lensed galaxy at z = 1.0334 in the lensing cluster A2667. Using this high-resolution imaging, we present an updated lens model that allows us to fully understand the lensing geometry and reconstruct the lensed galaxy in the source plane. This giant arc gives a unique opportunity to view the structure of a high-redshift disk galaxy. We find that the lensed galaxy of A2667 is a typical spiral galaxy with a morphology similar to the structure of its counterparts at higher redshift, z ? 2. The surface brightness of the reconstructed source galaxy in the z {sub 850} band reveals the central surface brightness I(0) = 20.28 ± 0.22 mag arcsec{sup –2} and a characteristic radius r{sub s} = 2.01 ± 0.16 kpc at redshift z ? 1. The morphological reconstruction in different bands shows obvious negative radial color gradients for this galaxy. Moreover, the redder central bulge tends to contain a metal-rich stellar population, rather than being heavily reddened by dust due to high and patchy obscuration. We analyze the VIMOS/integral field unit spectroscopic data and find that, in the given wavelength range (?1800-3200 Å), the combined arc spectrum of the source galaxy is characterized by a strong continuum emission with strong UV absorption lines (Fe II and Mg II) and shows the features of a typical starburst Wolf-Rayet galaxy, NGC 5253. More specifically, we have measured the equivalent widths of Fe II and Mg II lines in the A2667 spectrum, and obtained similar values for the same wavelength interval of the NGC 5253 spectrum. Marginal evidence for [C III] 1909 emission at the edge of the grism range further confirms our expectation.
Lee, Hsu-Tai; Karr, Jennifer; Su, Yu-Nung; Liu, Sheng-Yuan; Takami, Michihiro [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Liao, Wei-Ting [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Taiwan University, 1 Roosevelt Rd., Section 4, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Froebrich, Dirk; Ioannidis, Georgios [Centre for Astrophysics and Planetary Science, University of Kent, Canterbury CT2 7NH (United Kingdom); Lee, Yong-Hyun [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Duan, Hao-Yuan, E-mail: htlee@illinois.edu [Institute of Astronomy and Department of Physics, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)
2013-10-01
We discuss 94 Extended Green Objects (EGOs) in the northern Galactic plane cataloged by Cyganowski et al., based on near-infrared narrow H{sub 2} (2.122 ?m) and continuum observations from the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope. This data set is three times larger than the one in our previous study and is unbiased by preselection. As discussed in the previous paper, the morphologies of the 4.5 ?m emission generally resemble those of the near-infrared continuum, but are different from those of the H{sub 2} emission. Of our sample, only 28% of EGOs with H{sub 2} emission show similar morphologies between 4.5 ?m and H{sub 2} emission. These results suggest that the 4.5 ?m emission mainly comes from scattered continuum from the embedded young stellar objects, and partially from H{sub 2} emission. About half of EGOs are associated with H{sub 2} outflows, if the H{sub 2} outflow incompleteness is considered. The H{sub 2} outflow detection rate for EGOs with K-band detections (61%) is significantly higher than for those without K-band detections (36%). This difference may be due to the fact that both H{sub 2} and K-band emissions are associated with outflows, i.e., H{sub 2} emission and K-band continuum are associated with shocks and outflow cavities, respectively. We also compared the correlation between the H{sub 2} outflows and Class I 44 GHz methanol masers from the literature. The methanol masers can be located upstream or downstream of the H{sub 2} outflows and some bright H{sub 2} spots or outflows are not associated with methanol masers, suggesting that methanol masers and H{sub 2} emission trace different excitation conditions.
Ji, Yun; Liu, Wei; Chen, Rui; Tiam Tan, Swee; Zhang, Zi-Hui; Ju, Zhengang; Zhang, Xueliang; Sun, Handong; Wei Sun, Xiao; Erdem, Talha; Zhao, Yuji; DenBaars, Steven P. E-mail: volkan@stanfordalumni.org; Nakamura, Shuji; Volkan Demir, Hilmi E-mail: volkan@stanfordalumni.org
2014-04-07
The characteristics of electroluminescence (EL) and photoluminescence (PL) emission from GaN light-emitting diodes (LEDs) grown on (112{sup ¯}2) semipolar plane and (0001) polar plane have been comparatively investigated. Through different bias-dependent shifting trends observed from the PL and time-resolved PL spectra (TRPL) for the two types of LEDs, the carrier dynamics within the multiple quantum wells (MQWs) region is systematically analyzed and the distinct field-dependent emission kinetics are revealed. Moreover, the polarization induced internal electric field has been deduced for each of the LEDs. The relatively stable emission behavior observed in the semipolar LED is attributed to the smaller polarization induced internal electric field. The study provides meaningful insight for the design of quantum well (QW) structures with high radiative recombination rates.
Shah, Amit P.; Laskar, Masihhur R.; Azizur Rahman, A.; Gokhale, Maheshwar R.; Bhattacharya, Arnab
2013-11-15
Inductively coupled plasma (ICP)–reactive ion etching (RIE) patterning is a standard processing step for UV and optical photonic devices based on III-nitride materials. There is little research on ICP-RIE of high Al-content AlGaN alloys and for nonpolar nitride orientations. The authors present a comprehensive study of the ICP-RIE of c- and a-plane AlGaN in Cl{sub 2}/Ar plasma over the entire Al composition range. The authors find that the etch rate decreases in general with increasing Al content, with different behavior for c- and a-plane AlGaN. They also study the effect of BCl{sub 3} deoxidizing plasma pretreatment. An ICP deoxidizing BCl{sub 3} plasma with the addition of argon is more efficient in removal of surface oxides from Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N than RIE alone. These experiments show that Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N etching is affected by the higher binding energy of AlN and the higher affinity of oxygen to aluminum compared to gallium, with oxides on a-plane AlGaN more difficult to etch as compared to oxides on c-plane AlGaN, specifically for high Al composition materials. The authors achieve reasonably high etch rate (?350 nm/min) for high Al-content materials with a smooth surface morphology at a low DC bias of ??45 VDC.
Kraus, T.; Griesser, A.; Klein, O.; Fischer, M.; Schreck, M.; Karl, H.
2014-05-05
The monolithic integration of thermoelectric generators and magnetoresistive functionality on the basis of misfit cobaltate [Ca{sub 2}CoO{sub 3}]{sub 0.62}[CoO{sub 2}] thin films into silicon technology is a prerequisite for their application in miniaturized electric circuits. Here, we report on [Ca{sub 2}CoO{sub 3}]{sub 0.62}[CoO{sub 2}] thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition on (001)-silicon with a thin epitaxial yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) buffer layer. X-ray diffraction and cross-sectional high resolution transmission electron microscopy analysis reveal that high quality c-axis oriented heteroepitaxial [Ca{sub 2}CoO{sub 3}]{sub 0.62}[CoO{sub 2}] films with a 12-fold in-plane rotational symmetry can be grown, which exhibit remarkable lower electrical resistivity compared to those with random in-plane orientation. This result is explained by energetically preferred epitaxial growth directions of the pseudo hexagonal [CoO{sub 2}] sublayer in monoclinic [Ca{sub 2}CoO{sub 3}]{sub 0.62}[CoO{sub 2}] onto the cubic (001)-YSZ surface leading to a highly symmetric in-plane mutual orientation of the charge transporting CoO{sub 2} sublayer domains.
LIAISON NAVIGATION IN THE SUN-EARTH-MOON FOUR-BODY and Martin W. Lo
Born, George
AAS 06-221 LIAISON NAVIGATION IN THE SUN-EARTH-MOON FOUR-BODY PROBLEM Keric Hill and Martin W. Lo-body problem involving the Earth,the Moon, and also the Sun. These bicircular libration orbits similar to halo-Moon orbit plane is inclined with respect to the Sun-Earth orbit plane, the error was increased again
Heil, Matthias
116. c Cambridge University Press 2011 doi:10.1017/jfm.2011.2 87 Granular jets and hydraulic jumps material impinging on an inclined plane produces a diverse range of flows, from steady hydraulic jumps-shaped hydraulic jump on the plane, enclosing a region of fast-moving radial flow. On shallower slopes, a second
Benjamin Carls; Glenn Horton-Smith; Catherine C. James; Robert M. Kubinski; Stephen Pordes; Anne Schukraft; Thomas Strauss
2015-08-26
Detectors in particle physics, particularly when including cryogenic components, are often enclosed in vessels that do not provide any physical or visual access to the detectors themselves after installation. However, it can be desirable for experiments to visually investigate the inside of the vessel. The MicroBooNE cryostat hosts a TPC with sense-wire planes, which had to be inspected for damage such as breakage or sagging. This paper describes an approach to view the inside of the MicroBooNE cryostat with a setup of a camera and a mirror through one of its cryogenic service nozzles. The paper describes the camera and mirror chosen for the operation, the illumination, and the mechanical structure of the setup. It explains how the system was operated and demonstrates its performance.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Carls, Benjamin; Horton-Smith, Glenn; James, Catherine C.; Kubinski, Robert M.; Pordes, Stephen; Schukraft, Anne; Strauss, Thomas
2015-08-26
Detectors in particle physics, particularly when including cryogenic components, are often enclosed in vessels that do not provide any physical or visual access to the detectors themselves after installation. However, it can be desirable for experiments to visually investigate the inside of the vessel. The MicroBooNE cryostat hosts a TPC with sense-wire planes, which had to be inspected for damage such as breakage or sagging. This inspection was performed after the transportation of the vessel with the enclosed detector to its final location, but before filling with liquid argon. Our paper describes an approach to view the inside of themore »MicroBooNE cryostat with a setup of a camera and a mirror through one of its cryogenic service nozzles. The paper also describes the camera and mirror chosen for the operation, the illumination, and the mechanical structure of the setup. It explains how the system was operated and demonstrates its performance.« less
Fetterly, K; Mathew, V [Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States)
2014-06-01
Purpose: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) procedures provide a method to implant a prosthetic aortic valve via a minimallyinvasive, catheter-based procedure. TAVR procedures require use of interventional fluoroscopy c-arm projection angles which are aligned with the aortic valve plane to minimize prosthetic valve positioning error due to x-ray imaging parallax. The purpose of this work is to calculate the continuous range of interventional fluoroscopy c-arm projection angles which are aligned with the aortic valve plane from a single planar image of a valvuloplasty balloon inflated across the aortic valve. Methods: Computational methods to measure the 3D angular orientation of the aortic valve were developed. Required inputs include a planar x-ray image of a known valvuloplasty balloon inflated across the aortic valve and specifications of x-ray imaging geometry from the DICOM header of the image. A-priori knowledge of the species-specific typical range of aortic orientation is required to specify the sign of the angle of the long axis of the balloon with respect to the x-ray beam. The methods were validated ex-vivo and in a live pig. Results: Ex-vivo experiments demonstrated that the angular orientation of a stationary inflated valvuloplasty balloon can be measured with precision less than 1 degree. In-vivo pig experiments demonstrated that cardiac motion contributed to measurement variability, with precision less than 3 degrees. Error in specification of x-ray geometry directly influences measurement accuracy. Conclusion: This work demonstrates that the 3D angular orientation of the aortic valve can be calculated precisely from a planar image of a valvuloplasty balloon inflated across the aortic valve and known x-ray geometry. This method could be used to determine appropriate c-arm angular projections during TAVR procedures to minimize x-ray imaging parallax and thereby minimize prosthetic valve positioning errors.
Formal Methods in Safety-Critical Railway Systems Thierry Lecomte 1
Southampton, University of
process and safety life cycle management. 2 French authorities define Qualified as « Certified and working an academic project). Event-B is the synthesis between B and Action System. Itt extends the usage of B of the outcome of Event-B is the proved definition of systems architectures and, more generally, the proved
Collective hallucinations and inefficient markets: The British Railway Mania of the 1840s
Odlyzko, Andrew M.
the greatest technology mania in history, and its collapse was one of the greatest financial crashes. It has Odlyzko School of Mathematics and Digital Technology Center University of Minnesota odlyzko@umn.edu http of the revolutionary new technology, assisted by artful manipulation of public perception by interested parties, in
Dependability Modelling and Analysis of Complex Control Systems: an Application to Railway
Firenze, UniversitÃ degli Studi di
Interlocking Manuela Nelli1, Andrea Bondavalli2 and Luca Simoncini3 1 Consorzio Pisa Ricerche, P.zza A. D'Ancona 1, Pisa, Italy 2 CNUCE Istituto del CNR, Via S. Maria 36, Pisa, Italy 3 Dept. Information Engineering, University of Pisa, Via Diotisalvi, 2 Pisa, Italy Abstract. This paper describes
Barkan, Christopher P.L.
D. Little (ADL 1996) is used, in which related cause codes were combined into groups based on expert, and several others within the track group. In this paper, a variation of the FRA subgroups developed by Arthur
Low Latency Hybrid Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulator for Railway Traction System
Noé, Reinhold
to a virtual plant in the identical way as it is connected to the real plant, such as inverter and electric machine. The virtual plant or the HiL simulator is composed of a real time computation machine (mostly Meng Sun and Joachim Böcker Institute of Power Electronics and Drives University of Paderborn Paderborn
Timed Fault Tree Models of the China Yongwen Railway Accident , Zhaoguang Peng2,
Miller, Alice
analysis (FMEA), fault tree analysis (FTA) [3], functional hazard analysis, and event tree analysis (ETA that involves applying a set of descriptors to a number of parameters. FMEA is an effective analytical tool used to examine possible failure modes and to eliminate potential failure during system designs [5]. FMEA
Track and Railway Operations Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Jrgen Siegmann
Berlin,Technische Universität
inside and outside Passive safety - Vehicle structures and inside design - Tank car safety Automotive gears Noise reduction - Noise analysis and low noise construction - Prediction of noise by calculation and quality methods - Computational design and simulation tools Division: Transport Planning and Technology
Pissot, Jim
2007-01-01
hopper car inspection and refurbishment program to ensure aas well as a general refurbishment program for the otheralong our tracks. ” The refurbishment program on more than
Automated Detection of Cracked Railway Axle Journals Using an Ultrasonic Phased Array Technique
Baik, Jaeyong
2014-06-27
) automated detection system of a cracked axle journal using the ultrasonic phased array technique, 2) detection of a cracked axle journal using a chain scanner, and 3) cracked axle journal detection using surface waves. An ultrasonic phased array system has a...
Design and Implementation of a Hybrid Energy Supply System for Railway Vehicles
Elsässer, Robert
of Paderborn, Germany Abstract- An energy supply system based on a hybrid energy storage unit combined technologies make these devices effectively to be employed as energy storage element in electric vehicles and ultracapacitor High energy density batteries are usually applied as the primary energy storage component
Design of Bulk Railway Terminals for the Shale Oil and Gas Industry C. Tyler Dick1
Barkan, Christopher P.L.
-Champaign 1241 Newmark Civil Engineering Lab, MC-250, 205 N. Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, U.S.A., E Engineering, Inc., 8005 Hallet Street, Lenexa, KS 66215, U.S.A., E-mail: lynn.brown@hdrinc.com. ABSTRACT of crude oil and natural gas are trapped beneath the ground surface in non-permeable shale rock
A Prolog-Based MAS for Railway Signalling Monitoring: Implementation and Experiments
Mascardi, Viviana
[12]) was Europe's largest ever project in the area of Distributed Artificial Intelligence. It was em energy to industrial and domestic customers, for the Iberdrola company, one of the world's leading private energy groups [8]. ARCHON's Planning and Coordination Module was implemented as a rule- based
Agriculture, England and Wales: The Heather and Grass Burning (Railways) General Licence,1949
Her Majesty's Stationary Office
1949-03-21
In pursuance of the provisions of Regulation 4 of the Heather and Grass Burning (England and Wales) Regulations, 1949(a), the Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries hereby authorises the British Transport Commission and any ...
Sacks, Benjamin N.; Statham, Mark J.; Perrine, John D.; Wisely, Samantha M.; Aubry, Keith B.
2010-01-01
to the Valley via transcontinental railway, after it reachedthe West along the transcontinental railway (e.g. , Wyoming,
Watzinger, H.; Glaser, M.; Zhang, J. J.; Daruka, I.; Schäffler, F., E-mail: friedrich.schaffler@jku.at [Semiconductor Physics Division, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Altenberger Str. 69, 4040 Linz (Austria)
2014-07-01
Isolated in-plane wires on Si(001) are promising nanostructures for quantum transport applications. They can be fabricated in a catalyst-free process by thermal annealing of self-organized Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x} hut clusters. Here, we report on the influence of composition and small substrate miscuts on the unilateral wire growth during annealing at 570?°C. The addition of up to 20% of Si mainly affects the growth kinetics in the presence of energetically favorable sinks for diffusing Ge atoms, but does not significantly change the wire base width. For the investigated substrate miscuts of <0.12°, we find geometry-induced wire tapering, but no strong influence on the wire lengths. Miscuts <0.02° lead to almost perfect quantum wires terminated by virtually step-free (105) and (001) facets over lengths of several 100 nm. Generally, the investigated Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x} wires are metastable: Annealing at ?600?°C under otherwise identical conditions leads to the well-known coexistence of Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x} pyramids and domes.
Out-of-plane ultrasonic velocity measurement
Hall, Maclin S. (Marietta, GA); Brodeur, Pierre H. (Smyrna, GA); Jackson, Theodore G. (Atlanta, GA)
1998-01-01
A method for improving the accuracy of measuring the velocity and time of flight of ultrasonic signals through moving web-like materials such as paper, paperboard and the like, includes a pair of ultrasonic transducers disposed on opposing sides of a moving web-like material. In order to provide acoustical coupling between the transducers and the web-like material, the transducers are disposed in fluid-filled wheels. Errors due to variances in the wheel thicknesses about their circumference which can affect time of flight measurements and ultimately the mechanical property being tested are compensated by averaging the ultrasonic signals for a predetermined number of revolutions. The invention further includes a method for compensating for errors resulting from the digitization of the ultrasonic signals. More particularly, the invention includes a method for eliminating errors known as trigger jitter inherent with digitizing oscilloscopes used to digitize the signals for manipulation by a digital computer. In particular, rather than cross-correlate ultrasonic signals taken during different sample periods as is known in the art in order to determine the time of flight of the ultrasonic signal through the moving web, a pulse echo box is provided to enable cross-correlation of predetermined transmitted ultrasonic signals with predetermined reflected ultrasonic or echo signals during the sample period. By cross-correlating ultrasonic signals in the same sample period, the error associated with trigger jitter is eliminated.
14.4. Tangent Planes and Approximations
If Z= fix,“ , we Jame-lime: wri-l'e. -— law) 47. 41? Q-{foldx 4 3". 31! av. EX. If {051}: X1.) BXY uyz' fin} di. ' ca;. £3 234'3Y asap-27 d? :- 11“;ny + f3x-2yld,. P»? x: a ...
Smart Focal Plane Technologies for VLT Instruments
Colin Cunningham; Chris Evans
2008-01-19
As we move towards the era of ELTs, it is timely to think about the future role of the 8-m class telescopes. Under the OPTICON programme, novel technologies have been developed that are intended for use in multi-object and integral-field spectrographs. To date, these have been targeted at instrument concepts for the European ELT, but there are also significant possibilities for their inclusion in new VLT instruments, ensuring the continued success and productivity of these unique telescopes.
Out-of-plane ultrasonic velocity measurement
Hall, M.S.; Brodeur, P.H.; Jackson, T.G.
1998-07-14
A method for improving the accuracy of measuring the velocity and time of flight of ultrasonic signals through moving web-like materials such as paper, paperboard and the like, includes a pair of ultrasonic transducers disposed on opposing sides of a moving web-like material. In order to provide acoustical coupling between the transducers and the web-like material, the transducers are disposed in fluid-filled wheels. Errors due to variances in the wheel thicknesses about their circumference which can affect time of flight measurements and ultimately the mechanical property being tested are compensated by averaging the ultrasonic signals for a predetermined number of revolutions. The invention further includes a method for compensating for errors resulting from the digitization of the ultrasonic signals. More particularly, the invention includes a method for eliminating errors known as trigger jitter inherent with digitizing oscilloscopes used to digitize the signals for manipulation by a digital computer. In particular, rather than cross-correlate ultrasonic signals taken during different sample periods as is known in the art in order to determine the time of flight of the ultrasonic signal through the moving web, a pulse echo box is provided to enable cross-correlation of predetermined transmitted ultrasonic signals with predetermined reflected ultrasonic or echo signals during the sample period. By cross-correlating ultrasonic signals in the same sample period, the error associated with trigger jitter is eliminated. 20 figs.
Agent organization in the knowledge plane
Li, Ji, 1975-
2008-01-01
In designing and building a network like the Internet, we continue to face the problems of scale and distribution. With the dramatic expansion in scale and heterogeneity of the Internet, network management has become an ...
Agent Organization in the Knowledge Plane
Li, Ji
2008-06-11
In designing and building a network like the Internet, we continue to face the problems of scale and distribution. With the dramatic expansion in scale and heterogeneity of the Internet, network management has become an ...
Orientation on Earth spherical coordinates Meridional plane
Petrovay, Kristóf
° Summer solstice: June 21. =6h =23°27' Winter solstice: Dec. 21. =18h =-23°27' Autumnal equinox: Sept. 22 system Equator P P' O O: origin Celestial equator Celestial poles (axis) Ecliptic Vernal equinox () C hourcircle Ecliptic #12;Apparent solar motion Equator P P' O Ecliptic Vernal equinox : March 20. =0h =0
Surveying points in the complex projective plane
Lane Hughston; Simon Salamon
2014-10-21
We classify SIC-POVMs of rank one in CP^2, or equivalently sets of nine equally-spaced points in CP^2, without the assumption of group covariance. If two points are fixed, the remaining seven must lie on a pinched torus that a standard moment mapping projects to a circle in R^3. We use this approach to prove that any SIC set in CP^2 is isometric to a known solution, given by nine points lying in triples on the equators of the three 2-spheres each defined by the vanishing of one homogeneous coordinate. We set up a system of equations to describe hexagons in CP^2 with the property that any two vertices are related by a cross ratio (transition probability) of 1/4. We then symmetrize the equations, factor out by the known solutions, and compute a Groebner basis to show that no SIC sets remain. We do find new configurations of nine points in which 27 of the 36 pairs of vertices of the configuration are equally spaced.
Using Jacobi Plane Rotations in R
de Leeuw, Jan
2008-01-01
is diagonal. In the classical Jacobi method we build up K bymented the cyclic Jacobi method, without any searching for acould use the classical Jacobi method of Subsection 4.1. In
Using Jacobi Plane Rotations in R
Leeuw, Jan de
2009-01-01
is diagonal. In the classical Jacobi method we build up K bymented the cyclic Jacobi method, without any searching for acould use the classical Jacobi method of Subsection 4.1. In
Using Jacobi Plane Rotations in R
Jan de Leeuw
2011-01-01
is diagonal. In the classical Jacobi method we build up K bymented the cyclic Jacobi method, without any searching for acould use the classical Jacobi method of Subsection 4.1. In
Cutting Plane Methods and Subgradient Methods
2009-05-11
Semidefinite programming relaxations of combinatorial optimization problems are often tighter ..... 6. INFORMS—New Orleans 2005, c 2005 INFORMS. Simplex r r r r ... The maxcut problems arose from Ising spin glass problems in statistical.
Samarasinghe, W.
1980-01-01
This thesis presents the results of an experimental investigation into the strength of brickwork under biaxial tension-compression. Since there is insufficient experimental evidence available on the strength of brickwork ...
70007 X PLANE MODULE ASSY 127 -
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70008 U PLANE MODULE ASSY 127 -
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70009 V PLANE MODULE ASSY 127 -
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PlaneCarbon | Open Energy Information
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X PLANE MODULE ASSY 127 - Sheet
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FIBER LAYOUT AT PLANE NARROW AS
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunitiesofExtrans - PermeationGovernment |RoboticFIB CORE STATUS: new
FIBER LAYOUT AT PLANE NARROW AS
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunitiesofExtrans - PermeationGovernment |RoboticFIB CORE STATUS: new
Numerical Investigation of Monodisperse Granular Flow Through an Inclined Rotating Chute
. of Ironmaking R&D, Tata Steel, 1970 CA IJmuiden, The Netherlands Herman J. H. Clercx Dept. of Physics and J
Development of an advanced process for drying fine coal in an inclined fluidized bed
Boysen, J.E.; Kang, T.W.; Cha, C.Y.; Berggren, M.H.; Jha, M.C.; AMAX Research and Development Center, Golden, CO )
1989-10-01
The main objective of this research is to develop a thermal process for drying fine coal that (1) reduces explosion potential, (2) uses a fluidized bed with minimum elutriation, (3) produces a stable dry coal by preventing moisture reabsorption and autogeneous heating, (4) reduces fugitive dust emissions, and (5) is technically and economically feasible. The project scope of work requires completion of five tasks: (1) project planning, (2) characterization of the two feed coals, (3) bench-scale IFB drying studies, (4) product characterization and testing, and (5) technical and economic process evaluation. The project technical achievements are primarily related to understanding of the behavior of the two coals in the IFB reactor. Solids residence time and solids entrainment can be correlated using the Reynolds number. Gas produced from the coal during drying and the product composition can be correlated to the average dryer temperature. A dry product with minimal proximate moisture and substantially increased heating value can be produced from either of these coals under a wide variety of fluidizing gas-to-solids ratios and IFB operating temperatures. Product characterization indicates that moisture reabsorption can be significantly reduced and that fugitive dust contents can be almost completely reduced. 4 refs., 19 figs., 24 tabs.
High Albedos of Low Inclination Classical Kuiper Belt Objects M. J. Bruckera,b
Sheppard, Scott S.
classification systems described by the Deep Ecliptic Survey (DES) team (Elliot et al. 2005) and described to Neptune and eccentricities greater than 0.2 (Elliot et al. 2005). As a result, some objects
M. Weidinger; P. Moller; J. P. U. Fynbo; B. Thomsen; M. P. Egholm
2002-05-24
In this paper we present a scale free method to determine the cosmological parameters (Omega_m, Omega_Lambda). The method is based on the requirement of isotropy of the distribution of orientations of cosmological filaments. The current structure formation paradigm predicts that the first structures to form are voids and filaments, causing a web-like structure of the matter distribution at high redshifts. Recent observational evidence suggests that the threads, or filaments, of the cosmic web most easily are mapped in Ly-alpha emission. We describe how such a 3D map can be used to constrain the cosmological parameters in a way which, contrary to most other cosmological tests, does not require the use of a standard rod or a standard candle. We perform detailed simulations in order to define the optimal survey parameters for the definition of an observing programme aimed to address this test, and to investigate how statistical and observational errors will influence the results. We conclude that observations should target filaments of comoving size 15-50 Mpc in the redshift range 2-4, and that each filament must be defined by at least four Ly-alpha emitters. Detection of 20 filaments will be sufficient to obtain a result, while 50 filaments will make it possible to place significant new constraints on the values of Omega_m and Omega_Lambda permitted by the current supernova observations. In a future paper we study how robust these conclusions are to systematic velocities in the survey box.
Utrecht, Universiteit
-carboniferous sediments from the donets basin, Ukraine Alexandr G. Iosifidi a , Conall Mac Niocaill b, , Alexei N. Khramov, Ukraine, part of the Palaeozoic East European Platform. Detailed demagnetization of these units reveals
Equilibrium theory of bidensity particle-laden flow on an incline
Bertozzi, A; Lee, S; Wong, JT
2015-01-01
A. , Acrivos, A. : Viscous resuspension in a bidensityD. , Acrivos, A. : Viscous resuspension. Chem. Eng. Sci. 41,Leighton, D.T. : Viscous resuspension in a tube: the impact
"I was trying to think out the math-ematics of the advantage of inclined belts
Pringle, James "Jamie"
careening through space. Although highly accurate, a PSD is an electronically complex, power-hungry system THE 28-YEAR-OLD Voyager1and 2 spacecraft hurtle towards the edge of our solar system at 35,000 miles per hour, closer to home Eberhard Möbius and his IBEX team are racing in their own way to keep pace
Spectral modeling of two incline cylinders with validation in the time domain
Oswalt, Aaron Jacob
1999-01-01
Function. 2. 3 Two Input/Single Output System . 2. 4 Conditioned Spectral Analysis. 2. 5 Partial Coherence 2. 6 Formulation of the Nonlinear Model 2. 6. 1 Nonlinear System Form . . 2. 6. 2 Reverse Dynamic Nonlinear System. 2. 6. 3 SDOF Nonlinear...) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 5 SVSO model for two-input system used to remove the correlated effects of xr(r) . . 18 6 Conditioned spectral model with noise for a two-input / single-output system . . . . . . 20 7 Classification of interference regions for inline...
Cleaning of Viscous Droplets on an Inclined Planar Surface Using Film Flows
Landel, J. R.; Thomas, A. L.; McEvoy, H.; Dalziel, S. B.
2014-01-01
the drops of grease attached onto the plate surface is critical. Moreover, minimizing the water consumption and the energy of such automatic cleaning devices can have an important environmental and sustainable impact. In this study, we investigate... and the lubrication approximation, ????? ? ? ?????? ??2?? ? ??, (1) where ? is the spatial coordinate in the direction orthogonal to the substrate (? the streamwise direction and ? the lateral or spanwise direction), ? is the constant...
Experimental Study of the Richtmyer-Meshkov Instability on Inclined Interface
McDonald, Christopher Michael
2013-02-06
investigation was a qualitative study conducted to determine the vorticity of the interface. The vorticity study was to show how much energy the shock wave deposits, and aid in development of a controlled perturbation of the interface. In the case...
The Voodoo Doll Task: Introducing and Validating a Novel Method for Studying Aggressive Inclinations
Reber, Paul J.
The Voodoo Doll Task: Introducing and Validating a Novel Method for Studying Aggressive--the voodoo doll task (VDT)--that offers a reliable and valid trait and state measure of aggressive712), we propose that people transfer characteristics of a person onto a voodoo doll representing
CLEANING OF VISCOUS DROPS ON A FLAT INCLINED SURFACE USING GRAVITY-DRIVEN FILM FLOWS
Dalziel, Stuart
as in our daily life (Yeckel and Middleman, 1987), such as in a household dishwasher. In a full dishwasher
Resonance-inclined optical nuclear spin polarization of liquids in diamond structures
Chen, Qiong; Jelezko, Fedor; Retzker, Alex; Plenio, Martin B
2015-01-01
Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) of molecules in a solution at room temperature has potential to revolutionize nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging. The prevalent methods for achieving DNP in solutions are typically most effective in the regime of small interaction correlation times between the electron and nuclear spins, limiting the size of accessible molecules. To solve this limitation, we design a mechanism for DNP in the liquid phase that is applicable for large interaction correlation times. Importantly, while this mechanism makes use of a resonance condition similar to solid-state DNP, the polarization transfer is robust to a relatively large detuning from the resonance due to molecular motion. We combine this scheme with optically polarized nitrogen vacancy (NV) center spins in nanodiamonds to design a setup that employs optical pumping and is therefore not limited by room temperature electron thermal polarisation. We illustrate numerically the effectiveness of the model in a flow cel...
Is it a bird? Or a plane? It's a solar plane!
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Solar Impulse -- a solar-powered aircraft -- is pushing the boundaries of innovation. Learn how our SunShot Initiative takes a similar approach to advancing game-changing, clean energy breakthroughs.
Method for fabrication of high temperature superconductors
Balachandran, Uthamalingam (Hinsdale, IL); Ma, Beihai (Naperville, IL); Miller, Dean (Darien, IL)
2009-07-14
A layered article of manufacture and a method of manufacturing same is disclosed. A substrate has a biaxially textured MgO crystalline layer having the c-axes thereof inclined with respect to the plane of the substrate deposited thereon. A layer of one or more of YSZ or Y.sub.2O.sub.3 and then a layer of CeO.sub.2 is deposited on the MgO. A crystalline superconductor layer with the c-axes thereof normal to the plane of the substrate is deposited on the CeO.sub.2 layer. Deposition of the MgO layer on the substrate is by the inclined substrate deposition method developed at Argonne National Laboratory. Preferably, the MgO has the c-axes thereof inclined with respect to the normal to the substrate in the range of from about 10.degree. to about 40.degree. and YBCO superconductors are used.
Plug flow and the breakdown of Bagnold scaling in cohesive granular flows Robert Brewster,1
Levine, Alex J.
Plug flow and the breakdown of Bagnold scaling in cohesive granular flows Robert Brewster,1 Gary S Cohesive granular media flowing down an inclined plane are studied by discrete element simulations. Previous work on cohesionless granular media demonstrated that within the steady flow regime where gravi
Sheppard, Scott S.
, or lack of interaction, with Neptune, or in areas near the plane of the solar system (Elliot et al. 2005 by the Deep Ecliptic Survey (DES; Elliot et al. 2005) and for statistical purposes combine objects orbits, inclinations less than 5 12 (Noll et al. 2008b; Elliot et al. 2005; Peixinho et al. 2008
80 nature physics | VOL 4 | JANUARY 2008 | www.nature.com/naturephysics The last word
Loss, Daniel
, the apparatus is surprisingly uncomplicated. It's built around a grooved, inclined plane, with a steel ball supply to the two big, brass terminals on the pipe. Turn up the juice until you have about two kilovolts detector. "Don't waste it," I hear you saying. "Feed in tomorrow's horse racing results so we can get
TRANSPUser'sGroupMeeting,PPPL,March23-24,2015 TRANSP use for Neutron and
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Fast Ion Da (FIDA) system - Fission chamber, Da edge monitors - Prototypes: - Neutron Collimated flux Neutron collimated flux monitor Number of channels: 4 (2 mid-plane, 2 diagonally inclined) Time resolutionTRANSPUser'sGroupMeeting,PPPL,March23-24,2015 1 29 TRANSP use for Neutron and Fast Ions
Ravindran, Rajesh
2012-01-01
. Examples include crater formation by wind jets in the context of lunar cratering [5], viscous fingering flowing on an inclined glass plane. In the experiment a steel ball, much larger in size than an individual, devoid of glass beads, whose radius increases with time. This radius was measured using high speed
Domany, Eytan
Flowing sand Â a physical realization of Directed Percolation Haye Hinrichsen 1 , Andrea Jim to describe recent experiments by Douady and Daerr on flowing sand. The model reproduces experimentally here that a simple system of sand flow on an inclined plane, recently studied by Daerr and Douady (DD
The Hipparcos observations and the mass of sub-stellar objects
Pourbaix, D
2001-01-01
The Hipparcos Intermediate Astrometric Data have been used lately to estimate the inclination of the orbital plane of candidate extrasolar planets. Whereas most of these investigations derive almost face-on orbits, we show that the astrometric data are seldom precise enough to undertake such studies and that the `face-on' result might be just a spurious effect of the method.
The Hipparcos observations and the mass of sub-stellar objects
D. Pourbaix
2001-02-19
The Hipparcos Intermediate Astrometric Data have been used lately to estimate the inclination of the orbital plane of candidate extrasolar planets. Whereas most of these investigations derive almost face-on orbits, we show that the astrometric data are seldom precise enough to undertake such studies and that the `face-on' result might be just a spurious effect of the method.
Zheng, Xiaowei
2009-01-01
complete nation” (wanquan zhi guo). Lamenting the fact thatwould rule the state (guo shuiyu zhi)? If all the people arequanguo ren zhi zuiren). 32 Thus, the notion of guo now
EXTENDING THE SERVICE LIFE OF TIMBER RAILWAY BRIDGES A. S. Uppal 111 and S. H. Rizkalla 121
. Its strength in compression, #12;2 shear and bending as well as its modulus of elasticity increase to extend the service life of existing railroad bridges. This paper outlines the various factors which playa into preventive, early remedial and major are discussed. The paper concludes that railroad bridges are cost
Kim, Alice S.
2013-01-01
of National(ist) Journeys: Transcontinental Railroads, theAirport Modern: Transcontinental Railways to Transpacificreplaced colonial-era transcontinental railways in the
A Search for Ultra-High Energy Neutrinos in Highly Inclined Events at the Pierre Auger Observatory
Abreu, P [LIP, Coimbra; Lisbon, IST; Aglietta, M; Ahlers, M; Ahn, E J; Albuquerque, I F.M.; Allard, D
2011-12-30
The Surface Detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory is sensitive to neutrinos of all flavors above 0.1 EeV. These interact through charged and neutral currents in the atmosphere giving rise to extensive air showers. When interacting deeply in the atmosphere at nearly horizontal incidence, neutrinos can be distinguished from regular hadronic cosmic rays by the broad time structure of their shower signals in the water-Cherenkov detectors. In this paper we present for the first time an analysis based on down-going neutrinos. We describe the search procedure, the possible sources of background, the method to compute the exposure and the associated systematic uncertainties. No candidate neutrinos have been found in data collected from 1 January 2004 to 31 May 2010. Assuming an E^{-2} differential energy spectrum the limit on the single-flavor neutrino is E^{2}dN/dE < 1.74 x 10^{-7} GeV cm^{-2}s^{-1}sr^{-1} at 90% C.L. in the energy range 1 x 10^{17}eV < E < 1 x 10^{20} eV.
Todd, James T.
similar approach was adopted many years later by Marr (1982; see also Marr & Nishihara, 1978). Marr coined
analysis." Proc., 5th Int. Can! on Acid Rock Drainage, Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration, Lit, in press. Yang, M., and Yanful, E. K. (2001). "Water balance during evaporation and drainage in cover soils
A Search for Ultra-High Energy Neutrinos in Highly Inclined Events at the Pierre Auger Observatory
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Abreu, P [LIP, Coimbra; Lisbon, IST; Aglietta, M; Ahlers, M; Ahn, E J; Albuquerque, I F.M.; Allard, D
2011-12-30
The Surface Detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory is sensitive to neutrinos of all flavors above 0.1 EeV. These interact through charged and neutral currents in the atmosphere giving rise to extensive air showers. When interacting deeply in the atmosphere at nearly horizontal incidence, neutrinos can be distinguished from regular hadronic cosmic rays by the broad time structure of their shower signals in the water-Cherenkov detectors. In this paper we present for the first time an analysis based on down-going neutrinos. We describe the search procedure, the possible sources of background, the method to compute the exposure and the associated systematic uncertainties. No candidate neutrinos have been found in data collected from 1 January 2004 to 31 May 2010. Assuming an E-2 differential energy spectrum the limit on the single-flavor neutrino is E2dN/dE -7 GeV cm-2s-1sr-1 at 90% C.L. in the energy range 1 x 1017eV 20 eV.