Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Numerical study of a thin liquid film flowing down an inclined wavy plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in agricultural watersheds. Thin gravity-driven films flowing down an inclined flat plane provide oneNumerical study of a thin liquid film flowing down an inclined wavy plane Alexandre Erna, Rémi-la-Vallée cedex 2, France Abstract We investigate the stability of a thin liquid film flowing down an inclined

2

Experimental study of gravitation effects and similar behavior in the flow of a particle-laden thin film on an inclined plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental study of gravitation effects and similar behavior in the flow of a particle-laden thin. The slurry is a non-neutrally buoyant mixture of silicone oil and either solid glass beads or glass bubbles the problem of a fixed volume of homogeneous Newtonian fluid flowing down an inclined plane using lubrication

Bertozzi, Andrea L.

3

Rolling stones: The motion of a sphere down an inclined plane coated with a thin liquid film  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A spherical bead deposited on a smooth tilted dry plane wall rolls down the slope under the uniform acceleration of gravity. We describe an analogous experiment conducted using a plane wall that is coated with a thin layer ...

Bico, Jose

4

leftfielder inclination,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resistance is proportional to the square of the speed -- ignore wind -- the umpire is in a good position in 4.0 seconds. How hard, and with what angle of inclination, must the ball be thrown to prevent

Meade, Douglas B.

5

Weatherford Inclined Wellbore Construction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center (RMOTC) has recently completed construction of an inclined wellbore with seven (7) inch, twenty-three (23) pound casing at a total depth of 1296 feet. The inclined wellbore is near vertical to 180 feet with a build angle of approximately 4.5 degrees per hundred feet thereafter. The inclined wellbore was utilized for further proprietary testing after construction and validation. The wellbore is available to other companies requiring a cased hole environment with known deviation out to fifty degrees (50) from vertical. The wellbore may also be used by RMOTC for further deepening into the fractured shales of the Steele and Niobrara formation.

Schulte, R.

2002-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

6

Undergraduate Programmes in Railway Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering course topics Statics and Mechanics Fluids and Heat Materials Conceptual Design Maths aUndergraduate Programmes in Railway Engineering BEng/MEng School of Civil Engineering School of Electronic, Electrical and Computer Engineering There has never been a better time to be in the railway

Birmingham, University of

7

Wireless Monitoring of Railway Embankments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Landslides are one of the most dangerous geological hazards. In the United States, landslides cause a damage of $ 3.5 billion and kill 25 to 50 people annually. Shallow landslides occurring near any transportation facilities (railways and highways...

Dantal, Vishal S.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

8

On the Dynamics of Inclined Neptune's Trojans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dynamics of artificial asteroids on the Trojan-like orbits around Neptune is investigated in this paper. We describe the dependence of the orbital stability on the initial semimajor axis a and inclination i by constructing a dynamical map on the (a,i)-plane. Rich details are revealed in the dynamical map, especially a unstable gap at i=45 deg is determined and the mechanism triggering chaos in this region is figured out. Our investigation can be used to guide the observations.

Li-Yong Zhou; Rudolf Dvorak; Yi-Sui Sun

2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

9

Advanced Technology for Railway Hydraulic Hazard Forecasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1.1 Map of Total Railway Hydraulic Hazard Events from 1982-2011 ............ 2 1.2 90 mi Effective Radar Coverage for Reliable Rainfall Rate Determination ....................................................................... 5 3... Administration (FRA) for the period of 1982-2011. This data was compiled from the FRA Office of Safety Analysis website (FRA, 2011). A map of the railway hydraulic hazard events over the same time period is displayed in Figure 1.1. Table 1.1. U.S. Railway...

Huff, William Edward 1988-

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

10

Hydrogen as an energy carrier for railway traction.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The technical suitability of hydrogen for railway traction is evaluated in the research. World-wide, diesel fuel is currently the main source of energy for railways (more)

Hoffrichter, Andreas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Electric, Street Railway, and Gas Corporations (South Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This legislation contains provisions pertaining to a corporation formed for the purpose of constructing, maintaining and operating a street railway or railways; generating, transmitting or...

12

Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction Corporation...

13

Gravity currents in a porous medium at an inclined plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the release from a point source of relatively heavy fluid into a porous saturated medium above an impermeable slope. We consider the case where the volume of the resulting gravity current increases with time like $t^\\alpha$ and show that for $\\alpha3$, this situation is reversed with spreading occurring predominantly downslope for short times. The governing equations admit similarity solutions whose scaling behaviour we determine, with the full similarity form being evaluated by numerical computations of the governing partial differential equation. We find that the results of these analyses are in good quantitative agreement with a series of laboratory experiments. Finally, we briefly discuss the implications of our work for the sequestration of carbon dioxide in aquifers with a sloping, impermeable cap.

Vella, D; Huppert, Herbert E.; Vella, Dominic

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Hydraulic jumps on an incline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When a fluid jet strikes an inclined solid surface at normal incidence, gravity creates a flow pattern with a thick outer rim resembling a parabola and reminiscent of a hydraulic jump. There appears to be little theory or experiments describing simple aspects of this phenomenon, such as the maximum rise height of the fluid above the impact point, and its dependence on jet velocity and inclination angle. We address this with experiments, and present a simple theory based on horizontal hydraulic jumps which accounts for the rise height and its scaling, though without describing the shape of the parabolic envelope.

Jean-Luc Thiffeault; Andrew Belmonte

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Satisfiability Testing in the Railway Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: ­ Civil engineering failure ­ Failure of train ­ Failure of operators ­ Failure of signalling system #12 Systems Limited, Chippenham, UK SAT2009 Twelfth International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing #12;2 Contents ·Introduction ·Railways and Safety ·The Story of Signalling ·Where

Kullmann, Oliver

16

Inclined monochromator for high heat-load synchrotron x-ray radiation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A double crystal monochromator is described including two identical, parallel crystals, each of which is cut such that the normal to the diffraction planes of interest makes an angle less than 90 degrees with the surface normal. Diffraction is symmetric, regardless of whether the crystals are symmetrically or asymmetrically cut, enabling operation of the monochromator with a fixed plane of diffraction. As a result of the inclination of the crystal surface, an incident beam has a footprint area which is elongated both vertically and horizontally when compared to that of the conventional monochromator, reducing the heat flux of the incident beam and enabling more efficient surface cooling. Because after inclination of the crystal only a fraction of thermal distortion lies in the diffraction plane, slope errors and the resultant misorientation of the diffracted beam are reduced. 11 figures.

Khounsary, A.M.

1994-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

17

E-Print Network 3.0 - applied railway optimization Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mathematics 5 A Topological Model Based on Railway Capacity to Manage Periodic Train Summary: the last few years, railway traffic has increased considerably, which has...

18

MOM: An automated support tool for Railway Timetabling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, it transforms the problem into mathematical models, applies several heuristic criteria and obtains optimized opened to new operators and, thus, railway traffic has increased considerably. This has created the need to optimize the use of high-traffic railway lines, which should be combined with quality service to the user

Barber, Federico

19

Department of Computing CSP||B modelling for railway verification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Surrey Department of Computing Computing Sciences Report CS-12-03 CSP||B modelling Schneider Helen Treharne March 30th 2012 #12;CSP||B modelling for railway verification: the double junction work in verifying railway systems through CSP k B modelling and analysis. In particular we consider

Doran, Simon J.

20

Some Trends in Formal Methods Applications to Railway Signaling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hand, railways have always had a very strong safety culture, based on simple fail-safe principles procedures, based on verification and validation, functional and safety assessment, and safety approval by the requirement, under applicable national and international laws, that safety-critical railway systems must

Fokkink, Wan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Intelligent Train Scheduling on a High-Loaded Railway Network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intelligent Train Scheduling on a High-Loaded Railway Network A. Lova1 , P. Tormos1 , F. Barber2 application to assist planners in adding new trains on a complex railway network. It includes many trains. The application builds the timeta- ble for new trains linking the available time slots to trains to be schedu- led

Salido, Miguel Angel

22

Flow visualisation in inclined louvered fins  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study the flow within an interrupted fin design, the inclined louvered fin, is investigated experimentally through visualisation. The inclined louvered fin is a hybrid of the offset strip fin and standard louvered fin, aimed at improved performance at low Reynolds numbers for compact heat exchangers. The flow behaviour is studied in six geometrically different configurations over a range of Reynolds numbers and quantified using the concept of 'fin angle alignment factor'. The transition from steady laminar to unsteady flow was studied in detail. The fin geometry had a very large impact on the transitional flow behaviour, especially on vortex shedding. (author)

T'Joen, C.; De Paepe, M. [Department of Flow, Heat and Combustion Mechanics, Ghent University-UGent, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, 9000 Gent (Belgium); Jacobi, A. [Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1206 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

23

INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF THE AERONAUTICAL SCIENCES The interference of an impinging plane oblique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wind tunnel by using the thermal sensitive coating technique [4-5]. 2 Flow Patterns We consider stream of rarefied air. The plane oblique shock with inclination angle is generated by a wedge

Riabov, Vladimir V.

24

On the Mechanical Stability of Inclined Wellbores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and the higher the ratio oH/av, the closer the drilling direction should be to the azimuth of OH· A new offered by current and emerging inclined well drilling technology. Much progress has recently been made. The condition of minimum stress anisotropy can be used to determine an optimum drilling direction and deviation

Sandiford, Mike

25

HIGH-INCLINATION ATENS ARE INDEED RARE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recent publication by the Near-Earth Object (NEOWISE) team (Mainzer et al.) using data from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer compared the spacecraft's detected near-Earth asteroid subpopulation orbital element distributions to those expected from the Bottke et al. NEO orbital model. They found a discrepency between the detected and expected Aten inclination distribution. We show that the more recent NEO orbital distribution model by Greenstreet et al., when biased using the NEOWISE detection biases, gives a better match to the NEOWISE detections for the Aten (a < 1.0 AU, Q > 0.983 AU) population in semimajor axis (a), eccentricity (e), and inclination (i) than the Bottke et al. model. A Kolmogorov-Smirnov test gives the probability of drawing the NEOWISE detections from the biased Bottke et al. model as not rejectable (at >99% confidence) for the Aten semimajor axis distribution, but is rejectable at such a high level of confidence for the Aten eccentricity and inclination distributions. For all three orbital element distributions, the biased Greenstreet et al. model provides an acceptable match to the NEOWISE Aten detections. The deficiency in the previous model is likely due to the numerical integration's accuracy having broken down in the high-speed regime for planetary encounters near the Sun, an effect which the newer model does not suffer, and thus likely is the model of preference for perihelia q < 1.0 AU.

Greenstreet, S.; Gladman, B., E-mail: sarahg@phas.ubc.ca [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1 (Canada)

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

26

Appraisal Seattle, Renton and Southern Railway Company  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a i l as 30# , 3 5 # t 5 0 # , 55# , 56# , 6 0 # , 72# and 80# , w h i l e some s p e c i a l work i s 90# . T h e r e may be no 55# r a i l a t a l l and t h e r e may be some 40# r a i l . I f a l l o f t h e 55# were cha r g ed t o 5 6 # , o n... Libraries Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu A Civil Engineering thesis of the University of Kansas APPRAISAL BEUTLE REHTON M D SOUTHERN RAILWAY COMPANY i l O C ^ I I N D E X L e t t e r o f T r a n s m i t t a l , H i s t o...

Fletcher, John H.

1913-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Inclined-substrate deposition of biaxially textured magnesium oxide thin films for YBCO coated conductors.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highly textured MgO films were grown by the inclined-substrate deposition (ISD) technique at a high deposition rate. A columnar grain with a roofing-tile-shaped surface was observed in these MgO films. X-ray pole figure, and {phi}- and {omega}-scan were used to characterize in-plane and out-of-plane textures. MgO films deposited when the incline angle {alpha} was 55 and 30 degrees exhibited the best in-plane and out-of-plane texture, respectively. High-quality YBCO films were epitaxially grown on ISD-MgO-buffered Hastelloy C substrates by pulsed laser deposition. {Tc}=88 K, with sharp transition, and j{sub c} values of {approx}2x10{sup 5} A/cm{sup 2} at 77 K in zero field were observed on films 5 mm wide and 1 cm long. This work has demonstrated that biaxially textured ISD MgO buffer layers deposited on metal substrates are excellent candidates for fabrication of high-quality YBCO coated conductors.

Ma, B.; Li, M.; Jee, Y. A.; Koritala, R. E.; Fisher, B. L.; Balachandran, U.; Energy Technology

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Design of Bulk Railway Terminals for the Shale Oil and Gas Industry C. Tyler Dick1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 Design of Bulk Railway Terminals for the Shale Oil and Gas Industry C. Tyler Dick1 , P.E., M: Railway transportation is playing a key role in the development of many new shale oil and gas reserves in North America. In the rush to develop new shale oil and gas plays, sites for railway transload terminals

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

29

Thu 16 Jan 2014 12:17 PMEducating the future of railway engineering | Railway Track & Structures Page 1 of 9http://www.rtands.com/index.php/safety-trai...ting-the-future-of-railway-engineering.html  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 of 9http://www.rtands.com/index.php engineering | Railway Track & Structures Page 2 of 9http://www.rtands.com/index.php

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

30

Friction-Induced Vibrations in Railway Transportation Chandra Prakash Sharma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Friction-Induced Vibrations in Railway Transportation by Chandra Prakash Sharma B. Tech., Sardar;Abstract Controlling friction at the wheel-rail interface is indispensable for extending track life implementation of friction modifier system consists of a stick-tube assembly, attached through a bracket which

Phani, A. Srikantha

31

Biaxially aligned template films fabricated by inclined-substrate deposition for YBCO-coated conductor applications.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inclined substrate deposition (ISD) has the potential for rapid production of high-quality biaxially textured buffer layers, which are important for YBCO-coated conductor applications. We have grown biaxially textured MgO films by ISD at deposition rates of 20-100 {angstrom}/sec. Columnar grains with a roof-tile surface structure were observed in the ISD-MgO films. X-ray pole figure analysis revealed that the (002) planes of the ISD-MgO films are tilted at an angle from the substrate normal. A small {phi}-scan full-width at half maximum (FWHM) of {approx}9{sup o} was observed on MgO films deposited at an inclination angle of 55{sup o}. In-plane texture in the ISD MgO films developed in the first 0.5 {micro}m from the interface, then stabilized with further increases in film thickness. YBCO films deposited by pulsed laser deposition on ISD-MgO buffered Hastelloy C276 substrates were biaxially aligned with the c-axis parallel to the substrate normal. T{sub c} of 91 K with a sharp transition and transport J{sub c} of 5.5 x 10{sup 5} A/cm{sup 2} at 77 K in self-field were measured on a YBCO film that was 0.46-{micro}m thick, 4-mm wide, 10-mm long.

Ma, B.; Li, M.; Koritala, R. E.; Fisher, B. L.; Erck, R. A.; Dorris, S. E.; Miller, D. J.; Balachandran, U.

2002-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

32

E-Print Network 3.0 - ambitions political inclinations Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ambitions political inclinations Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: ambitions political inclinations Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 The...

33

Plane waves Lumped systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Impedance · Plane waves ­ Lumped systems S x y z Impedance · Plane waves ­ Lumped systems · open tube #12;2 Impedance · Plane waves ­ Lumped systems · closed tube Impedance · Cylindrical waves z x y r #12;3 Impedance · Cylindrical waves ­ Circumferential part n=0 n=1 n=2 n=3 Impedance · Cylindrical

Berlin,Technische Universität

34

Electric, Gas, Water, Heating, Refrigeration, and Street Railways Facilities and Service (South Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This legislation contains provisions for facilities and service related to electricity, natural gas, water, heating, refrigeration, and street railways. The chapter addresses the construction and...

35

Gas, Heat, Water, Sewerage Collection and Disposal, and Street Railway Companies (South Carolina)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This legislation applies to public utilities and entities furnishing natural gas, heat, water, sewerage, and street railway services to the public. The legislation addresses rates and services,...

36

E-Print Network 3.0 - ac railway power-line Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Information Sciences 17 MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS FROM TRAMS, TRAINS AND HYBRID CARS Summary: (AC or DC). Railway safety signalling systems also use...

37

Design criteria for multi-layered scintillating fibre arrays with inclined columns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-layered scintillating fibre arrays read-out are commonly used as high resolution charged particle hodoscopes. Fibres of a column along the geometrical trajectory of incident particles are typically grouped to one pixel of a multi-channel read-out device. In some applications the incident particles will cross the detection plane with large angles w.r.t. the normal to the layers. Then, the packing of the fibres needs to be adapted to the incident particles and the columns need to be inclined. In this paper possible fibre array geometries are shown, relevant design criteria for detectors are discussed, and the effect of diverging particles incident on fibre arrays was studied using a Monte Carlo simulation.

P. Achenbach; L. Nungesser; J. Pochodzalla

2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

38

Fabrication of biaxially textured templates for coated conductors by inclined substrate deposition.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

YBCO-coated conductors will enable the development of smaller, lighter, more-efficient electric power devices that can be operated at temperatures approaching that of liquid nitrogen. The critical current density (J{sub c}) of YBCO films on flexible metallic substrates has been significantly improved by epitaxially growing the YBCO on biaxially textured template films. Inclined substrate deposition (ISD) offers the potential for rapidly producing high-quality biaxially textured buffer layers that are suitable for YBCO-coated conductors. Using the ISD method, we have grown biaxially textured MgO films at deposition rates of 20-100 {angstrom}/sec. Electron microscopy of the ISD-MgO films revealed columnar grains topped off by MgO (002) planes, and X-ray pole figure analysis showed that the (002) planes are tilted with respect to the substrate normal, giving ISD-MgO films a roof-tile surface morphology. A small phi-scan full-width at half maximum of {approx}10{sup o} was observed on ISD-MgO films deposited with a substrate inclination of 55{sup o}. YBCO films were grown on ISD-MgO buffered Hastelloy substrates by pulsed laser deposition. A sample that was 0.42 {micro}m x 0.45 mm x 1 cm gave a transport J{sub c} of {approx}0.34 MA/cm{sup 2} at 77 K in self-field. Details of ISD-MgO film fabrication and characterization, as well as the results of YBCO deposited on the ISD-MgO architecture, are presented.

Dorris, S. E.; Ma, B.; Li, M.; Fisher, B. L.; Koritala, R. E.; Erck, R.; Miller, D. E.; Balachandran, U.

2002-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

39

Safety and Line Capacity in Railways An Approach in Timed CSP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety and Line Capacity in Railways An Approach in Timed CSP Yoshinao Isobe1 , Faron Moller2 or moving a train through a node takes time, and sighting and braking dis- tance are both functions of time-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 #12;Safety and Line Capacity in Railways 55 effort to explain our formal models

Moller, Faron G.

40

Defining and Model Checking Abstractions of Complex Railway Models using CSP||B  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Defining and Model Checking Abstractions of Complex Railway Models using CSP||B Faron Moller1. In [11, 10] we propose a new modelling approach for railway interlockings. We use CSP||B [13], which involves events such as train movements and, in the interlocking, state based reasoning. In this sense, CSP

Doran, Simon J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

TRANSIT TIMING VARIATIONS FOR INCLINED AND RETROGRADE EXOPLANETARY SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We perform numerical calculations of the expected transit timing variations (TTVs) induced on a hot-Jupiter by an Earth-mass perturber. Motivated by the recent discoveries of retrograde transiting planets, we concentrate on an investigation of the effect of varying relative planetary inclinations, up to and including completely retrograde systems. We find that planets in low-order (e.g., 2:1) mean-motion resonances (MMRs) retain approximately constant TTV amplitudes for 0 deg. < i < 170 deg., only reducing in amplitude for i>170 deg. Systems in higher order MMRs (e.g., 5:1) increase in TTV amplitude as inclinations increase toward 45 deg., becoming approximately constant for 45 deg. < i < 135 deg., and then declining for i>135 deg. Planets away from resonance slowly decrease in TTV amplitude as inclinations increase from 0 deg. to 180 deg., whereas planets adjacent to resonances can exhibit a huge range of variability in TTV amplitude as a function of both eccentricity and inclination. For highly retrograde systems (135 deg. < i {<=} 180 deg.), TTV signals will be undetectable across almost the entirety of parameter space, with the exceptions occurring when the perturber has high eccentricity or is very close to an MMR. This high inclination decrease in TTV amplitude (on and away from resonance) is important for the analysis of the known retrograde and multi-planet transiting systems, as inclination effects need to be considered if TTVs are to be used to exclude the presence of any putative planetary companions: absence of evidence is not evidence of absence.

Payne, Matthew J.; Ford, Eric B.; Veras, Dimitri [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, PO Box 112055, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States)], E-mail: matthewjohnpayne@gmail.com

2010-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

42

Two phase pressure drop in inclined and vertical pipes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A method of calculating the pressure drop in inclined and vertical oil-gas wells is proposed. The data used to establish the method is from a variety of sources but is largely from air and water flowing in systems close ...

Griffith, P.

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Inclined fluidized bed system for drying fine coal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Coal is processed in an inclined fluidized bed dryer operated in a plug-flow manner with zonal temperature and composition control, and an inert fluidizing gas, such as carbon dioxide or combustion gas. Recycled carbon dioxide, which is used for drying, pyrolysis, quenching, and cooling, is produced by partial decarboxylation of the coal. The coal is heated sufficiently to mobilize coal tar by further pyrolysis, which seals micropores upon quenching. Further cooling with carbon dioxide enhances stabilization.

Cha, Chang Y. (Golden, CO); Merriam, Norman W. (Laramie, WY); Boysen, John E. (Laramie, WY)

1992-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

44

Heliospheric current sheet inclinations at Venus and Earth G. Ma, K. Marubashi, and T. Maruyama  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the heliospheric current sheet inclination tends to be maintained during propagation of the solar wind from 0.72 AUHeliospheric current sheet inclinations at Venus and Earth G. Ma, K. Marubashi, and T. Maruyama / Revised: 16 September 1998 / Accepted: 22 October 1998 Abstract. We investigate the inclinations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

45

Dual Plane Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We outline a technique called Dual Plane Imaging which should significantly improve images which would otherwise be blurred due to atmospheric turbulence. The technique involves capturing all the spatial, directional and temporal information about the arriving photons and processing the data afterwards to produce the sharpened images. The technique has particular relevance for imaging at around 400-1000nm on extremely large telescopes (ELTs).

Parry, Ian

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Symmetry planes of Paleozoic crinoids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WebsterSymmetry Planes of Paleozoic Crinoids 15Lane and -vestibule o CD 1 6 moot: 5 -hydropore 8b 7b Fin. 1Symmetry planes of Paleozoic crinoids (1-5) and crinoid larvae (6-10). I. Anteroposterior (A-CD) symmetry plane of most Paleozoic crinoids... WebsterSymmetry Planes of Paleozoic Crinoids 15Lane and -vestibule o CD 1 6 moot: 5 -hydropore 8b 7b Fin. 1Symmetry planes of Paleozoic crinoids (1-5) and crinoid larvae (6-10). I. Anteroposterior (A-CD) symmetry plane of most Paleozoic crinoids...

Lane, N. G.; Webster, G. D.

1967-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

47

Inclined-substrate deposition of biaxially aligned template films for YBCO-coated conductors.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inclined-substrate deposition (ISD) of magnesium oxide (MgO) produces biaxially textured template films at high deposition rates. This process is promising for the fabrication of the second-generation superconducting wires. Biaxially aligned MgO films ({approx}1.5 {mu}m thick) were deposited on polished Hastelloy C276 (HC) substrates by ISD at deposition rates of 20-100 {angstrom}/s. Buffer films were subsequently deposited on these template films, and YBCO films were deposited epitaxially on the substrates by pulsed laser deposition. X-ray pole figure analysis and {psi}- and {omega}-scans were used for texture characterization. Good in- and out-of-plane textures were observed, with MgO(0 0 2) {phi}-scan full-width at half maximum (FWHM) of 9.2{sup o} and {omega}-scan FWHM of 5.4{sup o}, respectively. T{sub c} of 90 K with a sharp transition, and J{sub c} {approx} 2 x 10{sup 5} A/cm{sup 2}, were obtained on a 0.5 {mu}m thick, 0.5 cm wide, and 1 cm long YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} (YBCO) film at 77 K in self-field.

Ma, B.; Li, M.; Fisher, B. L.; Koritala, R. E.; Balachandran, U. (Energy Technology)

2002-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

48

Do liquid drops roll or slide on inclined surfaces?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the motion of a two-dimensional droplet on an inclined surface, under the action of gravity, using a diffuse interface model which allows for arbitrary equilibrium contact angles. The kinematics of motion is analysed by decomposing the gradient of the velocity inside the droplet into a shear and a residual flow. This decomposition helps in distinguishing sliding versus rolling motion of the drop. Our detailed study confirms intuition, in that rolling motion dominates as the droplet shape approaches a circle, and the viscosity contrast between the droplet and the ambient fluid becomes large. As a consequence of kinematics, the amount of rotation in a general droplet shape follows a universal curve characterised by geometry, and independent of Bond number, surface inclination and equilibrium contact angle, but determined by the slip length and viscosity contrast. Our results open the way towards a rational design of droplet-surface properties, both when rolling motion is desirable (as in self-cleaning hydrophobic droplets) or when it must be prevented (as in insecticide sprays on leaves).

Sumesh P. Thampi; Ronojoy Adhikari; Rama Govindarajan

2014-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

49

Measuring the orbital inclination of Z Andromedae from Rayleigh scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The orbital inclination of the symbiotic prototype Z And has not been established yet. At present, two very different values are considered, i ~ 44 degrees and i >~ 73 degrees. The correct value of i is a key parameter in, for example, modeling the highly-collimated jets of Z And. The aim of this paper is to measure the orbital inclination of Z And. First, we derive the hydrogen column density (nH), which causes the Rayleigh scattering of the far-UV spectrum at the orbital phase phi = 0.961 plus/minus 0.018. Second, we calculate nH as a function of i and phi for the ionization structure during the quiescent phase. Third, we compare the nH(i,phi) models with the observed value. The most probable shaping of the HI/HII boundaries and the uncertainties in the orbital phase limit i of Z And to 59 -2/+3 degrees. Systematic errors given by using different wind velocity laws can increase i up to ~74 degrees. A high value of i is supported independently by the orbitally related variation in the far-UV continuum and th...

Skopal, A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Design of Bulk Railway Terminals for the Shale Oil and Gas Industry C. Tyler Dick, P.E., M.ASCE and Lynn E. Brown2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 Design of Bulk Railway Terminals for the Shale Oil and Gas Industry C. Tyler Dick, P.E., M: Railway transportation is playing a key role in the development of many new shale oil and gas reserves in North America. In the rush to develop new shale oil and gas plays, sites for railway transload terminals

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

51

Fourier plane image amplifier  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solid state laser is frequency tripled to 0.3 .mu.m. A small portion of the laser is split off and generates a Stokes seed in a low power oscillator. The low power output passes through a mask with the appropriate hole pattern. Meanwhile, the bulk of the laser output is focused into a larger stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) amplifier. The low power beam is directed through the same cell in the opposite direction. The majority of the amplification takes place at the focus which is the fourier transform plane of the mask image. The small holes occupy large area at the focus and thus are preferentially amplified. The amplified output is now imaged onto the multichip module where the holes are drilled. Because of the fourier plane amplifier, only .about.1/10th the power of a competitive system is needed. This concept allows less expensive masks to be used in the process and requires much less laser power.

Hackel, Lloyd A. (Livermore, CA); Hermann, Mark R. (San Ramon, CA); Dane, C. Brent (Livermore, CA); Tiszauer, Detlev H. (Tracy, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

On the 'Scattered' Inclinations in the Kuiper Belt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper shows that the inclinations of bodies captured into mean motion resonances in the Kuiper belt have remained very nearly unchanged, being only slightly increased from initial lower values by migration and/or by long-term planetary perturbations. Thus the observed maximum as high as ~ 30 deg of the i's of bodies in resonance must reflect either a broad initial range at least to that level for capturable bodies or an elevating process possibly exemplified by the sweeping of secular resonances. We have obtained capture probabilities for 2 well-populated resonances, showing reduced but finite values for i's up to 35 deg. Whatever led to the present distribution must have produced increases in i for some, but not for all, resonant bodies in the belt.

Franklin, Fred

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Characterization of the effect of Froude number on surface waves and heat transfer in inclined turbulent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

describes wave/heat transfer phenomena in inclined turbulent open surface water flows. The experiments wereCharacterization of the effect of Froude number on surface waves and heat transfer in inclined Abstract Interfacial heat transport in open channel turbulent flows is strongly dependent on surface waves

Abdou, Mohamed

54

Reynolds Number Invariance of the Structure Inclination Angle in Wall Turbulence Ivan Marusic*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reynolds Number Invariance of the Structure Inclination Angle in Wall Turbulence Ivan Marusic using hot-film and hot-wire anemometry in a wind tunnel facility, and sonic anemometers and a purpose has not been available before. Structure inclination angles are inferred from the cross correlation

Marusic, Ivan

55

Inclined substrate deposition of magnesium oxide for YBCO-coated conductors.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thin films of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-x} (YBCO) were grown on MgO buffered metallic substrates by pulsed laser deposition (PLD). The MgO buffer films, which provide the initial biaxial texture, had been grown on polished Hastelloy C276 (HC) tapes using inclined substrate deposition (ISD). The ISD process is promising for the fabrication of coated superconductor wires because it produces biaxially textured template films on nontextured substrate at high deposition rates. Biaxially aligned MgO films were deposited at deposition rates of 20 to 100 {angstrom}/sec. The buffer films were deposited on these template films before ablation of the YBCO films by PLD. The microstructure was studied by scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. X-ray pole figure analysis and {phi}- and {omega}-scans were used for texture characterization. Good in- and out-of-plane textures were observed on the ISD MgO films ({approx}1.5 {micro}m thick). The full width at half maximums were 9.2{sup o} for the MgO (002) {phi}-scan and 5.4{sup o} for the {omega}-scan. Cube-on-cube epitaxial growth of yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) and ceria (CeO{sub 2}) films on the ISD MgO films was also achieved by PLD. A superconducting critical temperature of 90 K, with a sharp transition, and transport critical current density of >2.5 x 10{sup 5} A/cm{sup 2} were obtained on a 0.5-{micro}m-thick, 0.5-cm-wide, and 1-cm-long YBCO film with MgO buffer layer at 77 K in self-field.

Ma, B.; Li, M.; Fisher, B. L.; Koritala, R. E.; Dorris, S. E.; Maroni, V. A.; Balachandran, U.

2002-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

56

A New Cost-Benefit Methodology for Highway-Railway Grade Crossing Safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

visible at the time of the crash) ­ Injury and Fatality cost; ­ Highway vehicle damage; ­ Rail prior to impact and was not injured. Engineer advised after striking vehicle fumes from the radiatorA New Cost-Benefit Methodology for Highway-Railway Grade Crossing Safety Programs GLX-2014 Ali

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

57

Airborne wear particles railway research group FEM Simulation of train disc brake behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Airborne wear particles railway research group FEM Simulation of train disc brake behavior a modern train disc brake with brake caliper and high speed pads. During braking, a considerable amount. A model of train brake caliper Aim The overall aim of the MSc degree project is to develop a thermoelastic

Haviland, David

58

Methodology for quantification of waste generated in Spanish railway construction works  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Two equations for C and D waste estimation in railway construction works are developed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Mixed C and D waste is the most generated category during railway construction works. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Tunnel construction is essential to quantify the waste generated during the works. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer There is a relationship between C and D waste generated and railway functional units. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The methodology proposed can be used to obtain new constants for other areas. - Abstract: In the last years, the European Union (EU) has been focused on the reduction of construction and demolition (C and D) waste. Specifically, in 2006, Spain generated roughly 47 million tons of C and D waste, of which only 13.6% was recycled. This situation has lead to the drawing up of many regulations on C and D waste during the past years forcing EU countries to include new measures for waste prevention and recycling. Among these measures, the mandatory obligation to quantify the C and D waste expected to be originated during a construction project is mandated. However, limited data is available on civil engineering projects. Therefore, the aim of this research study is to improve C and D waste management in railway projects, by developing a model for C and D waste quantification. For this purpose, we develop two equations which estimate in advance the amount, both in weight and volume, of the C and D waste likely to be generated in railway construction projects, including the category of C and D waste generated for the entire project.

Guzman Baez, Ana de [Departamento de Construccion y Vias Rurales, Escuela Tecnica Superior de Ingenieros Agronomos, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Villoria Saez, Paola; Rio Merino, Mercedes del [Departamento de Construcciones Arquitectonicas y su Control, Escuela Universitaria de Arquitectura Tecnica, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Avda. Juan de Herrera 6, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Garcia Navarro, Justo, E-mail: justo.gnavarro@upm.es [Departamento de Construccion y Vias Rurales, Escuela Tecnica Superior de Ingenieros Agronomos, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

Automatic data for applied railway management : passenger demand, service quality measurement, and tactical planning on the London Overground Network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The broad goal of this thesis is to demonstrate the potential positive impacts of applying automatic data to the management and tactical planning of a modern urban railway. Tactical planning is taken here to mean the set ...

Frumin, Michael S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Radio emission of highly inclined cosmic ray air showers measured with LOPES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOPES-10 (the first phase of LOPES, consisting of 10 antennas) detected a significant number of cosmic ray air showers with a zenith angle larger than 50$^{\\circ}$, and many of these have very high radio field strengths. The most inclined event that has been detected with LOPES-10 has a zenith angle of almost 80$^{\\circ}$. This is proof that the new technique is also applicable for cosmic ray air showers with high inclinations, which in the case that they are initiated close to the ground, can be a signature of neutrino events.Our results indicate that arrays of simple radio antennas can be used for the detection of highly inclined air showers, which might be triggered by neutrinos. In addition, we found that the radio pulse height (normalized with the muon number) for highly inclined events increases with the geomagnetic angle, which confirms the geomagnetic origin of radio emission in cosmic ray air showers.

Jelena Petrovic LOPES collaboration

2006-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A Spectrophotometric Method to Determine the Inclination of Class I Objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new method which enables us to estimate the inclination of Class I young stellar objects is proposed. Since Class I objects are not spherically symmetric, it is likely that the observed feature is sensitive to the inclination of the system. Thus, we construct a protostar model by carefully treating two-dimensional (2D) radiative transfer and radiative equilibrium. We show from the present 2D numerical simulations that the emergent luminosity L_SED,which is the frequency integration of spectral energy distribution (SED), depends strongly on the inclination of the system i, whereas the peak flux is insensitive to i. Based on this result, we introduce a novel indicator f_L, which is the ratio of L_SED to the peak flux, as a good measure for the inclination. By using f_L, we can determine the inclination regardless of the other physical parameters. The inclination would be determined by f_L within the accuracy of +- 5 degree, if the opening angle of bipolar outflows is specified by any other procedure. Since this spectrophotometric method is easier than a geometrical method or a full SED fitting method, this method could be a powerful tool to investigate the feature of protostars statistically with observational data which will be provided by future missions, such as SIRTF, ASTRO-F, and ALMA.

T. Nakazato; T. Nakamoto; M. Umemura

2002-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

62

Minimizing Wheel Slip in Railway Locomotives with Coupled Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work I consider control strategies of permanent magnet synchronous motors in which the back-emf signal from the motor is used to achieve commutation of the six step driving circuit. I show that if the strategy is modified to connect multiple motors in a cyclic chain, then a collective synchronized state is favoured. The stability of this state can be exploited in the bogies of a railway locomotive to automatically terminate wheel slipping episodes.

Shayak Bhattacharjee

2015-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

63

Explosive plane-wave lens  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An explosive plane-wave air lens which enables a spherical wave form to be converted to a planar wave without the need to specially machine or shape explosive materials is described. A disc-shaped impactor having a greater thickness at its center than around its periphery is used to convert the spherical wave into a plane wave. When the wave reaches the impactor, the center of the impactor moves first because the spherical wave reaches the center of the impactor first. The wave strikes the impactor later in time as one moves radially along the impactor. Because the impactor is thinner as one moves radially outward, the velocity of the impactor is greater at the periphery than at the center. An acceptor explosive is positioned so that the impactor strikes the acceptor simultaneously. Consequently, a plane detonation wave is propagated through the acceptor explosive. 3 figs., 3 tabs.

Marsh, S.P.

1987-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

64

Explosive plane-wave lens  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An explosive plane-wave air lens which enables a spherical wave form to be converted to a planar wave without the need to specially machine or shape explosive materials is described. A disc-shaped impactor having a greater thickness at its center than around its periphery is used to convert the spherical wave into a plane wave. When the wave reaches the impactor, the center of the impactor moves first because the spherical wave reaches the center of the impactor first. The wave strikes the impactor later in time as one moves radially along the impactor. Because the impactor is thinner as one moves radially outward, the velocity of the impactor is greater at the periphery than at the center. An acceptor explosive is positioned so that the impactor strikes the acceptor simultaneously. Consequently, a plane detonation wave is propagated through the acceptor explosive. 4 figs.

Marsh, S.P.

1988-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

65

Plane and parabolic solar panels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a plane and parabolic collector that absorbs radiant energy and transforms it in heat. Therefore we have a panel to heat water. We study how to increment this capture of solar beams onto the panel in order to increase its efficiency in heating water.

J. H. O. Sales; A. T. Suzuki

2009-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

66

Plane and parabolic solar panels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a plane and parabolic collector that absorbs radiant energy and transforms it in heat. Therefore we have a panel to heat water. We study how to increment this capture of solar beams onto the panel in order to increase its efficiency in heating water.

Sales, J H O

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Fiber optic inclination detector system having a weighted sphere with reference points  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic inclination detector system for determining the angular displacement of an object from a reference surface includes a simple mechanical transducer which requires a minimum number of parts and no electrical components. The system employs a single light beam which is split into two light beams and provided to the transducer. Each light beam is amplitude modulated upon reflecting off the transducer to detect inclination. The power values associated with each of the reflected light beams are converted by a pair of photodetectors into voltage signals, and a microprocessor manipulates the voltage signals to provide a measure of the angular displacement between the object and the reference surface.

Cwalinski, Jeffrey P. (Ballston Lake, NY)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

COMPARISON OF MICRO-INCH IN-PLANE AND OUT-OF-PLANE RESPONSE OF CRACKS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

limestone quarries. In two locations, sensors that measure in-plane and normal displacement were installed

69

Reconstruction of inclined air showers detected with the Pierre Auger Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the method devised to reconstruct inclined cosmic-ray air showers with zenith angles greater than $60^\\circ$ detected with the surface array of the Pierre Auger Observatory. The measured signals at the ground level are fitted to muon density distributions predicted with atmospheric cascade models to obtain the relative shower size as an overall normalization parameter. The method is evaluated using simulated showers to test its performance. The energy of the cosmic rays is calibrated using a sub-sample of events reconstructed with both the fluorescence and surface array techniques. The reconstruction method described here provides the basis of complementary analyses including an independent measurement of the energy spectrum of ultra-high energy cosmic rays using very inclined events collected by the Pierre Auger Observatory.

The Pierre Auger Collaboration; A. Aab; P. Abreu; M. Aglietta; M. Ahlers; E. J. Ahn; I. Al Samarai; I. F. M. Albuquerque; I. Allekotte; J. Allen; P. Allison; A. Almela; J. Alvarez Castillo; J. Alvarez-Muiz; R. Alves Batista; M. Ambrosio; A. Aminaei; L. Anchordoqui; S. Andringa; C. Aramo; F. Arqueros; H. Asorey; P. Assis; J. Aublin; M. Ave; M. Avenier; G. Avila; A. M. Badescu; K. B. Barber; J. Buml; C. Baus; J. J. Beatty; K. H. Becker; J. A. Bellido; C. Berat; X. Bertou; P. L. Biermann; P. Billoir; F. Blanco; M. Blanco; C. Bleve; H. Blmer; M. Boh?ov; D. Boncioli; C. Bonifazi; R. Bonino; N. Borodai; J. Brack; I. Brancus; P. Brogueira; W. C. Brown; P. Buchholz; A. Bueno; M. Buscemi; K. S. Caballero-Mora; B. Caccianiga; L. Caccianiga; M. Candusso; L. Caramete; R. Caruso; A. Castellina; G. Cataldi; L. Cazon; R. Cester; A. G. Chavez; S. H. Cheng; A. Chiavassa; J. A. Chinellato; J. Chudoba; M. Cilmo; R. W. Clay; G. Cocciolo; R. Colalillo; L. Collica; M. R. Coluccia; R. Conceio; F. Contreras; M. J. Cooper; S. Coutu; C. E. Covault; A. Criss; J. Cronin; A. Curutiu; R. Dallier; B. Daniel; S. Dasso; K. Daumiller; B. R. Dawson; R. M. de Almeida; M. De Domenico; S. J. de Jong; J. R. T. de Mello Neto; I. De Mitri; J. de Oliveira; V. de Souza; L. del Peral; O. Deligny; H. Dembinski; N. Dhital; C. Di Giulio; A. Di Matteo; J. C. Diaz; M. L. D\\'\\iaz Castro; P. N. Diep; F. Diogo; C. Dobrigkeit; W. Docters; J. C. D'Olivo; P. N. Dong; A. Dorofeev; Q. Dorosti Hasankiadeh; M. T. Dova; J. Ebr; R. Engel; M. Erdmann; M. Erfani; C. O. Escobar; J. Espadanal; A. Etchegoyen; P. Facal San Luis; H. Falcke; K. Fang; G. Farrar; A. C. Fauth; N. Fazzini; A. P. Ferguson; M. Fernandes; B. Fick; J. M. Figueira; A. Filevich; A. Filip?i?; B. D. Fox; O. Fratu; U. Frhlich; B. Fuchs; T. Fuji; R. Gaior; B. Garc\\'\\ia; S. T. Garcia Roca; D. Garcia-Gamez; D. Garcia-Pinto; G. Garilli; A. Gascon Bravo; F. Gate; H. Gemmeke; P. L. Ghia; U. Giaccari; M. Giammarchi; M. Giller; C. Glaser; H. Glass; F. Gomez Albarracin; M. Gmez Berisso; P. F. Gmez Vitale; P. Gonalves; J. G. Gonzalez; B. Gookin; A. Gorgi; P. Gorham; P. Gouffon; S. Grebe; N. Griffith; A. F. Grillo; T. D. Grubb; Y. Guardincerri; F. Guarino; G. P. Guedes; P. Hansen; D. Harari; T. A. Harrison; J. L. Harton; A. Haungs; T. Hebbeker; D. Heck; P. Heimann; A. E. Herve; G. C. Hill; C. Hojvat; N. Hollon; E. Holt; P. Homola; J. R. Hrandel; P. Horvath; M. Hrabovsk; D. Huber; T. Huege; A. Insolia; P. G. Isar; K. Islo; I. Jandt; S. Jansen; C. Jarne; M. Josebachuili; A. Kp; O. Kambeitz; K. H. Kampert; P. Kasper; I. Katkov; B. Kgl; B. Keilhauer; A. Keivani; E. Kemp; R. M. Kieckhafer; H. O. Klages; M. Kleifges; J. Kleinfeller; R. Krause; N. Krohm; O. Krmer; D. Kruppke-Hansen; D. Kuempel; N. Kunka; G. La Rosa; D. LaHurd; L. Latronico; R. Lauer; M. Lauscher; P. Lautridou; S. Le Coz; M. S. A. B. Leo; D. Lebrun; P. Lebrun; M. A. Leigui de Oliveira; A. Letessier-Selvon; I. Lhenry-Yvon; K. Link; R. Lpez; A. Lopez Agra; K. Louedec; J. Lozano Bahilo; L. Lu; A. Lucero; M. Ludwig; H. Lyberis; M. C. Maccarone; M. Malacari; S. Maldera; J. Maller; D. Mandat; P. Mantsch; A. G. Mariazzi; V. Marin; I. C. Mari?; G. Marsella; D. Martello; L. Martin; H. Martinez; O. Mart\\'\\inez Bravo; D. Martraire; J. J. Mas\\'\\ias Meza; H. J. Mathes; S. Mathys; A. J. Matthews; J. Matthews; G. Matthiae; D. Maurel; D. Maurizio; E. Mayotte; P. O. Mazur; C. Medina; G. Medina-Tanco; M. Melissas; D. Melo; E. Menichetti; A. Menshikov; S. Messina; R. Meyhandan; S. Mi?anovi?; M. I. Micheletti; L. Middendorf; I. A. Minaya; L. Miramonti; B. Mitrica; L. Molina-Bueno; S. Mollerach; M. Monasor; D. Monnier Ragaigne; F. Montanet; C. Morello; J. C. Moreno; M. Mostaf; C. A. Moura; M. A. Muller; G. Mller; M. Mnchmeyer; R. Mussa; G. Navarra; S. Navas; P. Necesal; L. Nellen; A. Nelles; J. Neuser; D. Newton; M. Niechciol; L. Niemietz; T. Niggemann; D. Nitz; D. Nosek; V. Novotny; L. Noka; L. Ochilo; A. Olinto; M. Oliveira; V. M. Olmos-Gilbaja; M. Ortiz; N. Pacheco; D. Pakk Selmi-Dei; M. Palatka; J. Pallotta; N. Palmieri; P. Papenbreer; G. Parente; A. Parra; S. Pastor; T. Paul; M. Pech; J. P?kala; R. Pelayo; I. M. Pepe; L. Perrone; R. Pesce; E. Petermann; C. Peters; S. Petrera; A. Petrolini; Y. Petrov; R. Piegaia; T. Pierog; P. Pieroni; M. Pimenta; V. Pirronello; M. Platino; M. Plum; A. Porcelli; C. Porowski; P. Privitera; M. Prouza; V. Purrello; E. J. Quel; S. Querchfeld; S. Quinn; J. Rautenberg; O. Ravel; D. Ravignani; B. Revenu; J. Ridky; S. Riggi; M. Risse; P. Ristori; V. Rizi; J. Roberts; W. Rodrigues de Carvalho; I. Rodriguez Cabo; G. Rodriguez Fernandez; J. Rodriguez Rojo; M. D. Rodr\\'\\iguez-Fr\\'\\ias; G. Ros; J. Rosado; T. Rossler; M. Roth; E. Roulet; A. C. Rovero; C. Rhle; S. J. Saffi; A. Saftoiu; F. Salamida; H. Salazar; F. Salesa Greus

2014-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

70

A new method of determining the inclination angle in interacting binaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a method of determining the system parameters in non-eclipsing interacting binaries. We find that the extent to which an observer sees the shape of the Roche-lobe of the secondary star governs the amount of distortion of the absorption line profiles. The width and degree of asymmetry of the phase-resolved absorption line profiles show a characteristic shape, which depends primarily on the binary inclination and gravity darkening exponent. We show that, in principle, by obtaining high spectral and time resolution spectra of quiescent cataclysmic variables or low mass X-ray binaries in which the mass-losing star is visible, fitting the shape of absorption line profiles will allow one to determine not only the mass function of the binary, but also the binary inclination and hence the mass of the binary components.

Tariq Shahbaz

1998-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

71

Simulating the Fate of an Earth-like Planet Inclined to the Ecliptic Plane to Improve Understanding of Planetary System Formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The formation of our Earth and Solar System has befuddled humankind for centuries. Although there remain a number of peculiarities to be remedied by the currently held nebular theory of Solar System formation, there exists a widely held convergence...

Nichols, Kristin

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

"Granular jets and hydraulic jumps on an inclined plane", C. G. Johnson, J. M. N. T. Gray ( ), J. Fluid Mech., (Submitted)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

indicates the parameters for which teardrop-shaped shocks (?), blunted shocks (), steady subcritical , with supercritical ow (Fr > 1) marked in red/yellow, and subcritical ow (Fr a discontinuity in ow height and velocity, analogous to a hydraulic jump in shallow-water ow. is steady jump takes

Heil, Matthias

73

Modeling multiphase flow for high viscosity liquids: a study of vertical/inclined zero net liquid flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This experimental study investigates the effects of inclination angle and fluid viscosity on zero net liquid flow (ZNLF). Predicting liquid holdup under ZNLF conditions is necessary in several types of petroleum industry operations. These include...

Rodriguez, Jose Ramon

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Solar Impulse's Solar-Powered Plane  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Solar Impulse lands in Washington, DC at Washington Dulles International Airport as part of its journey across the United States. Secretary Ernest Moniz speaks about how advancements like those at the Department of Energy are leading the way for innovations like the solar-powered plane. Footage of the solar-powered plane courtesy of Solar Impulse.

Moniz, Ernest; Piccard, Bertrand; Reicher, Dan

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

75

Comments on the radial plane waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The orthogonality of the radial plane waves, introduced by Fujikawa, turns out to be broken for the case of infinite volume. We will find, though they become overcomplete, the concept of the radial plane waves remains useful for constructing radial path integrals.

Seiji Sakoda

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

76

X PLANE MODULE ASSY 127 - Sheet  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TYP TYP R 30 TYP .38 1.69 TYP C C SIDE SPACER BAR QTY: 2 PER PLANE 52.23 .63 NOTE: SIDE SPACER BARS ARE THE SAME FOR U, V, & X PLANES UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER THIS IS THE PROPERTY...

77

Solar Impulse's Solar-Powered Plane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar Impulse lands in Washington, DC at Washington Dulles International Airport as part of its journey across the United States. Secretary Ernest Moniz speaks about how advancements like those at the Department of Energy are leading the way for innovations like the solar-powered plane. Footage of the solar-powered plane courtesy of Solar Impulse.

Moniz, Ernest; Piccard, Bertrand; Reicher, Dan

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

78

An experimental study of the relationship between cuttings deposition and wellbore inclination in eccentric annuli  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Inclination on Cuttings Deposition (0 rpm data) 6 90 % Confidence Band on Regression Mean (0 rpm, AV = 2 ft/sec) 7 90 % Confidence Band on Regression Mean (0 rpm, AV = 3 ft/sec) 8 90 % Confidence Band on Regression Mean (0 rptn, AV = 4 ft/sec) 9 Effect... of Flow Rate on Cuttings Deposition (0 rpm data) 10 Mobil Data Comparison (0 rpm, AV = 2 ft/sec) 11 Mobil Data Comparison (0 rpm, AV = 3 ft/sec) 12 Mobil Data Comparison (0 rpm, AV = 4 ft/sec) 13 Iyoho Data Comparison (0 rpm data) page 26 44 45...

Colbert, John Wesley

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Determination of heat transfer and friction characteristics of an adapted inclined louvered fin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental study of a fin-and-tube heat exchanger was performed. To this end a test rig was constructed to measure the heat transfer rate on the air and waterside of the heat exchanger. A wide range of Reynolds numbers on the airside was investigated. The resulting data was used to determine the convective heat transfer correlation (expressed using the Colburn factor) and the friction factor on the airside. The fin type used in the heat exchanger of this research is an adaptation of the standard inclined louvered type. A thorough error analysis was performed, to validate the results. (author)

T'Joen, C.; Steeman, H.-J.; Willockx, A.; De Paepe, M. [Department of Flow, Heat and Combustion Mechanics, Ghent University-UGent, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, 9000 Gent (Belgium)

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Formation and transportation of sand-heap in an inclined and vertically vibrated container  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the experimental findings of formation and motion of heap in granular materials in an inclined and vertically vibrated container. We show experimentally how the transport velocity of heap up container is related to the driving acceleration as well as the driving frequency of exciter. An analogous experiment was performed with a heap-shaped Plexiglas block. We propose that cohesion force resulted from pressure gradient in ambient gas plays a crucial role in enhancing and maintaining a heap, and ratchet effect causes the movement of the heap. An equation which governs the transport velocity of the heap is presented.

Guoqing Miao; Kai Huang; Yi Yun; Peng Zhang; Weizhong Chen; Xinlong Wang; Rongjue Wei

2005-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

MAPPING EARTH ANALOGS FROM PHOTOMETRIC VARIABILITY: SPIN-ORBIT TOMOGRAPHY FOR PLANETS IN INCLINED ORBITS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aiming at obtaining detailed information on the surface environment of Earth analogs, Kawahara and Fujii proposed an inversion technique of annual scattered light curves named spin-orbit tomography (SOT), which enables us to sketch a two-dimensional albedo map from annual variation of the disk-integrated scattered light, and demonstrated the method with a planet in a face-on orbit. We extend it to be applicable to general geometric configurations, including low-obliquity planets like the Earth in inclined orbits. We simulate light curves of the Earth in an inclined orbit in three photometric bands (0.4-0.5 {mu}m, 0.6-0.7 {mu}m, and 0.8-0.9 {mu}m) and show that the distribution of clouds, snow, and continents is retrieved with the aid of the SOT. We also demonstrate the SOT by applying it to an upright Earth, a tidally locked Earth, and Earth analogs with ancient continental configurations. The inversion is model independent in the sense that we do not assume specific albedo models when mapping the surface, and hence applicable in principle to any kind of inhomogeneity. This method can potentially serve as a unique tool to investigate the exohabitats/exoclimes of Earth analogs.

Fujii, Yuka [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Kawahara, Hajime, E-mail: yuka.fujii@utap.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0397 (Japan)

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

82

Strings in plane-fronted gravitational waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brinkmann's plane-fronted gravitational waves with parallel rays --~shortly pp-waves~-- are shown to provide, under suitable conditions, exact string vacua at all orders of the sigma-model perturbation expansion.

C. Duval; Z. Horvath; P. A. Horvathy

2006-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

83

Particle Impact Damping in the Horizontal Plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Particle impact damping is measured for a cantilevered beam vibrating freely in the horizontal plane. Several particle configurations are investigated beginning with a single particle and progressing to multiple layers of particles. The effects...

Witt, Bryan

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

84

A proposal to improve ecological compensation practice in road and railway projects in Spain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To reduce ecological impacts caused by development projects, avoidance, minimization and compensation techniques have to be taken together into consideration along Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) procedures. This paper explores the particular role that ecological compensation has had in recent road and railway EIA procedures in Spain, as seen through the review of a set of recent EIA Records of Decision (RODs) that confirms precedent findings. Noticing that residual impacts are not paid much attention, and that there is no evidence of a solid public participation in ecological impact evaluation, it proposes to increase the awareness on residual impacts, as a way to make easier public access to the allegedly most sensitive moment of EIA implementation: (residual) impact evaluation. -- Highlights: ? Ecological compensation practice in Spain is much lower than avoidance or mitigation. ? Residual impacts are overlooked in EIA processes and public participation is low. ? An increased awareness of residual impacts may also promote public participation. ? Current context needs these small steps to move towards better compensation practice.

Villarroya, Ana, E-mail: avillarroya@alumni.unav.es; Puig, Jordi, E-mail: jpbaguer@unav.es

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

85

Propagation Plane waves -High order Modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Propagation · Plane waves - High order Modes y x a One wave: p(x,y,t)=p0 cos(k y)e-jk x e j t vy(y,t)= 0 ; y=0,a xy } ky = n a Propagation · Plane waves - High order Modes x n a p(x,y,t)=pn cos( y + - +- + + - +- + - + + +- - - (m,n) #12;4 Propagation · Circular duct ­ Helical waves (spiralling waves) kc=m/a kz k

Berlin,Technische Universität

86

Propagation Plane waves -High order Modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Propagation · Plane waves - High order Modes y x a ky = n a One wave: p(x,y,t)=p0 cos(k y)e-jk x e j t vy(y,t)= 0 ; y=0,a xy } Propagation · Plane waves - High order Modes x n a p(x,y,t)=pn cos( y;4 Propagation · Circular duct ­ Helical waves (spiralling waves) kc=m/a kz kH Projection: Propagation #12

Berlin,Technische Universität

87

Parallel Implementation of Gamma-Point Pseudopotential Plane...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Parallel Implementation of Gamma-Point Pseudopotential Plane-Wave DFT with Exact Exchange. Parallel Implementation of Gamma-Point Pseudopotential Plane-Wave DFT with Exact...

88

GROUND PLANE INSULATION FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPC SUPERCONDUCTING COIL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is WIUUTEO GROUND PLANE INSULATION FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPCOn August 27, 1980, an insulation failure occurred dt-ringby a failure uf ground plane insulation. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The

Green, M.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Gravity current down a steeply inclined slope in a rotating fluid G. I. Shapiro, A. G. Zatsepin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravity current down a steeply inclined slope in a rotating fluid G. I. Shapiro, A. G. Zatsepin P filled with water of constant density. A bottom gravity current was produced by injecting more dense was developed for a strongly non-linear gravity current forming a near-bottom density front. The theory takes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

90

Condensation of Refrigerant-11 on the outside of horizontal and inclined enhanced tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heat transfer condensation tests with Refrigerant-11 were performed on the outside of a smooth tube and a variety of enhanced tubes oriented horizontally and at various tube inclinations. One smooth tube and seven enhanced (externally fluted, roped, spiraled, and externally finned) tubes of 2.54-cm (1-in.) nominal outside diameter and 1.17-m (4-ft) length were tested. Several of the tested tubes featured internal enhanced geometries, which were caused by the heat transfer enhancing geometry on the tube's external surface. Condensing heat transfer coefficients are reported as composite coefficients, which combine the resistance of the condensing film and the tube wall, and are based on total tube outside surface area. Results show that in the horizontal condensing mode, the rank order (best to worst) of the tube geometries tested was spiral-shaped tubes, rope-shaped tubes, smooth tube, externally finned tube, and externally fluted tube. For a spiral-shaped tube, horizontal composite coefficients were up to 2.0 times the corresponding horizontal smooth tube values. For tilt angles greater than or equal to 60/sup 0/ from the horizontal, the condensing performance of the externally fluted tube was best of all the tubes tested.

Domingo, N.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Anisotropic scattering effect of the inclined misfit dislocation on the two-dimensional electron gas in Al(In)GaN/GaN heterostructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, a theory is developed to study the anisotropic scattering effect of the inclined misfit dislocation on the two-dimensional electron gas in Al(In)GaN/GaN heterostructures. The inclined misfit dislocation, which differs from the well-known vertical threading dislocation, has a remarkable tilt angle from the vertical. The predicted electron mobility shows a remarkable anisotropy. It has a maximum mobility value along the direction perpendicular to the projection of the inclined dislocation line, and a minimum mobility value along the direction parallel to the projection. The degree of the anisotropic scattering effect will be even greater with the increase of the tilt angle.

Jin, Dong-Dong [Key Laboratory of Semiconductor Materials Science, and Beijing Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Semiconductor Materials and Devices, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 912, Beijing 100083 (China); Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Wang, Lian-shan, E-mail: ls-wang@semi.ac.cn; Yang, Shao-Yan, E-mail: sh-yyang@semi.ac.cn; Li, Hui-jie; Zhang, Heng; Wang, Jian-xia; Xiang, Ruo-fei; Wei, Hong-yuan; Jiao, Chun-mei; Liu, Xiang-Lin; Zhu, Qin-Sheng, E-mail: qszhu@semi.ac.cn; Wang, Zhan-Guo [Key Laboratory of Semiconductor Materials Science, and Beijing Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Semiconductor Materials and Devices, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 912, Beijing 100083 (China); Zhang, Liu-Wan [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

92

PlaneCarbon | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrangePeru:Job Corp Jump to:Pismo Beach,Fund JumpPlaneCarbon

93

Advantages of a PCE-based Control Plane Alberto Castro  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advantages of a PCE-based Control Plane for LISP Alberto Castro October 16, 2008 #12;Agenda 1 of a PCE-based Control Plane for LISP #12;Introduction Architecture Proposal Conclusions and Future Work. 2008 Advantages of a PCE-based Control Plane for LISP #12;Introduction Architecture Proposal

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

94

Elasticity solutions for plane anisotropic functionally graded beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elasticity solutions for plane anisotropic functionally graded beams H.J. Ding a , D.J. Huang a This paper considers the plane stress problem of generally anisotropic beams with elastic compliance of anisotropic functionally graded plane beams, with the integral constants completely determined from boundary

Wang, Ji

95

Black holes and black strings in plane waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the construction of black holes and black strings in vacuum plane wave spacetimes using the method of matched asymptotic expansions. We find solutions of the linearised equations of motion in the asymptotic region for a general source on a plane wave background. We observe that these solutions do not satisfy our previously defined conditions for being asymptotically plane wave. Hence, the space of asymptotically plane wave solutions is restricted. We consider the solution in the near region, treating the plane wave as a perturbation of a black object, and find that there is a regular black string solution but no regular black hole solution.

Julian Le Witt; Simon F. Ross

2009-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

96

Smart trigger logic for focal plane arrays  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electronic device includes a memory configured to receive data representing light intensity values from pixels in a focal plane array and a processor that analyzes the received data to determine which light values correspond to triggered pixels, where the triggered pixels are those pixels that meet a predefined set of criteria, and determines, for each triggered pixel, a set of neighbor pixels for which light intensity values are to be stored. The electronic device also includes a buffer that temporarily stores light intensity values for at least one previously processed row of pixels, so that when a triggered pixel is identified in a current row, light intensity values for the neighbor pixels in the previously processed row and for the triggered pixel are persistently stored, as well as a data transmitter that transmits the persistently stored light intensity values for the triggered and neighbor pixels to a data receiver.

Levy, James E; Campbell, David V; Holmes, Michael L; Lovejoy, Robert; Wojciechowski, Kenneth; Kay, Randolph R; Cavanaugh, William S; Gurrieri, Thomas M

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

97

E-Print Network 3.0 - avianca plane crash Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

plane(s... be expected, including conjunctions (cars and trucks), lists (planes, trains, and auto- mobiles), appositives... (the ... Source: Charniak, Eugene - Department of...

98

Properties of a Cutting Plane Method for Semidefinite Programming1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jul 11, 2012 ... Several techniques have been developed to solve large scale ...... posed gauging the strength of a cutting plane by examining the dimension of...

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

99

On the generation of cutting planes which maximize the bound ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cutting plane generation in Mixed Integer Programming allowing for the simultaneous generation of k cuts which, when added to the current Linear Programming...

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

100

Comparison of electrical CD measurements and cross-section lattice-plane counts of sub-micrometer features replicated in Silicon-on-Insulator materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrical test structures of the type known as cross-bridge resistors have been patterned in (100) epitaxial silicon material that was grown on Bonded and Etched-Back Silicon-on-Insulator (BESOI) substrates. The CDs (Critical Dimensions) of a selection of their reference segments have been measured electrically, by SEM (Scanning-Electron Microscopy) cross-section imaging, and by lattice-plane counting. The lattice-plane counting is performed on phase-contrast images made by High-Resolution Transmission-Electron Microscopy (HRTEM). The reference-segment features were aligned with <110> directions in the BESOI surface material. They were defined by a silicon micromachining process which results in their sidewalls being atomically-planar and smooth and inclined at 54.737{degree} to the surface (100) plane of the substrate. This (100) implementation may usefully complement the attributes of the previously-reported vertical-sidewall one for selected reference-material applications. The SEM, HRTEM, and electrical CD (ECD) linewidth measurements that are made on BESOI features of various drawn dimensions on the same substrate is being investigated to determine the feasibility of a CD traceability path that combines the low cost, robustness, and repeatability of the ECD technique and the absolute measurement of the HRTEM lattice-plane counting technique. Other novel aspects of the (100) SOI implementation that are reported here are the ECD test-structure architecture and the making of HRTEM lattice-plane counts from both cross-sectional, as well as top-down, imaging of the reference features. This paper describes the design details and the fabrication of the cross-bridge resistor test structure. The long-term goal is to develop a technique for the determination of the absolute dimensions of the trapezoidal cross-sections of the cross-bridge resistors reference segments, as a prelude to making them available for dimensional reference applications.

CRESSWELL,MICHAEL W.; BONEVICH,JOHN E.; HEADLEY,THOMAS J.; ALLEN,RICHARD A.; GIANNUZZI,LUCILLE A.; EVERIST,SARAH C.; GHOSHTAGORE,RATHINDRA, N.; SHEA,PATRICK J.

2000-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Degenerate weakly nonlinear elastic plane waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Weakly nonlinear plane waves are considered in hyperelastic crystals. Evolution equations are derived at a quadratically nonlinear level for the amplitudes of quasi-longitudinal and quasi-transverse waves propagating in arbitrary anisotropic media. The form of the equations obtained depends upon the direction of propagation relative to the crystal axes. A single equation is found for all propagation directions for quasi-longitudinal waves, but a pair of coupled equations occurs for quasi-transverse waves propagating along directions of degeneracy, or acoustic axes. The coupled equations involve four material parameters but they simplify if the wave propagates along an axis of material symmetry. Thus, only two parameters arise for propagation along an axis of two-fold symmetry, and one for a three-fold axis. The transverse wave equations decouple if the axis is four-fold or higher. In the absence of a symmetry axis it is possible that the evolution equations of the quasi-transverse waves decouple if the third order elastic moduli satisfy a certain identity. The theoretical results are illustrated with explicit examples.

W?odzimierz Doma?ski; Andrew N. Norris

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

102

Energy Content of Colliding Plane Waves using Approximate Noether Symmetries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is devoted to study the energy content of colliding plane waves using approximate Noether symmetries. For this purpose, we use approximate Lie symmetry method of Lagrangian for differential equations. We formulate the first-order perturbed Lagrangian for colliding plane electromagnetic and gravitational waves. It is shown that in both cases, there does not exist

M. Sharif; Saira Waheed

2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

103

Generating conjecture and Einstein-Maxwell field of plane symmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For the plane symmetry we have found the electro-vacuum exact solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell equations and we have shown that one of them is equivalent to the McVittie solution of a charged infinite thin plane. The analytical extension has been accomplished and the Penrose conformal diagram has been obtained as well.

J. Fikar; J. Horsky

2000-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

104

Plane Waves in Isotropic Media 5.1 Maxwell's Equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 5 Plane Waves in Isotropic Media 5.1 Maxwell's Equations: Maxwell's equations permeability is isotropic, the last two of Maxwell's equa- tions can be combined to give the wave equation.8) 27 #12;28 CHAPTER 5. PLANE WAVES IN ISOTROPIC MEDIA Finally, using the identity ? ? A = ( · A)- 2

Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

105

Analysis of a Fivefold Symmetric Superposition of Plane Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that a symmetric superposition of five standing plane waves can be expressed as an infinite series of terms of decreasing wavenumber, where each term is a product of five plane waves. We show that this series converges pointwise in R^2 and uniformly in any disk domain in R^2. Using this series, we provide a heuristic argument for why the locations of the local extrema of a symmetric superposition of five standing plane waves can be approximated by the vertices of a Penrose tiling.

Michael H. Schwarz; Robert A. Pelcovits

2012-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

106

ELSEVIER Journal of AppliedGeophysics32 (1994) 293-304 A study of the design of inclined wellbores with regard to both  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stability threatens to impede the realization of the benefits offered by new horizontal drilling technology will help realise the full benefits offered by inclined well drilling technology. Knowledge of the in drilling trajectories and also in maximizing intersection of the wellbore with open, natural

Sandiford, Mike

107

Synergy of short gamma ray burst and gravitational wave observations: Constraining the inclination angle of the binary and possible implications for off-axis gamma ray bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compact binary mergers are the strongest candidates for the progenitors of Short Gamma Ray Bursts (SGRBs). If a gravitational wave (GW) signal from the compact binary merger is observed in association with a SGRB, such a synergy can help us understand many interesting aspects of these bursts. We examine the accuracies with which a world wide network of gravitational wave interferometers would measure the inclination angle (the angle between the angular momentum axis of the binary and the observer's line of sight) of the binary. We compare the projected accuracies of GW detectors to measure the inclination angle of double neutron star (DNS) and neutron star-black hole (NS-BH) binaries for different astrophysical scenarios. We find that a 5 detector network can measure the inclination angle to an accuracy of $\\sim 5.1 (2.2)$ degrees for a DNS(NS-BH) system at 200 Mpc if the direction of the source as well as the redshift is known electromagnetically. We argue as to how an accurate estimation of the inclination angle of the binary can prove to be crucial in understanding off-axis GRBs, the dynamics and the energetics of their jets, and help the searches for (possible) orphan afterglows of the SGRBs.

K. G. Arun; Hideyuki Tagoshi; Chandra Kant Mishra; Archana Pai

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

108

asingle focal plane: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

present is the largest IR focal plane of the 21 st century. The work is being done by Raytheon Infrared Operations (RIO but better known as SBRC) by many of the same people who...

109

Preconditioning for the mixed formulation of linear plane elasticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. An overlapping Schwarz preconditioner and a multigrid preconditioner for the discrete system are developed and analyzed. We start by introducing the mixed formulation (stress-displacement formulation) for the linear plane elasticity problem and its discretization...

Wang, Yanqiu

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

In-Plane Conductivity Testing Procedures and Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Plane Conductivity Testing Procedures & Results Samples Tested: N112 NRE212 NRE211 N117 N1035 N1135 Work performed under subcontract with FSECUCF DOE Award No. DE-FC36-06GO16028...

111

Computational experience with general cutting planes for the Set ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... Linear Programming, Integer Programming and Cutting Planes, Ph.D. Thesis, .... To this purpose, after a violated cut cT x ? d is found during the search tree,...

2007-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

112

Identification of MHF Fracture Planes and Flow Paths- a Correlation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Identification of MHF Fracture Planes and Flow Paths- a Correlation of Well Log Data with Patterns in Locations of Induced Seismicity Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

113

Zero Energy of Plane-Waves for ELKOs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the ELKO field in interaction through contorsion with its own spin density, and we investigate the form of the consequent autointeractions; to do so we take into account the high-density limit and find plane wave solutions: such plane waves give rise to contorsional autointeractions for which the Ricci metric curvature vanishes and therefore the energy density is equal to zero identically. Consequences are discussed.

Luca Fabbri

2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

114

Experimental Modeling and Laboratory Measurements of Drag Embedment Anchors Subjected to In-Plane and Out-Of-Plane Loading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laboratory at Texas A & M University to examine the effects of out-of-plane load conditions. Instrumentation and specialized devices were constructed to measure the anchor's trajectory through a representative sample of Gulf of Mexico clay with average un...

Drake, Aaron C.

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

115

Membrane Fuzzy Sphere Dynamics in Plane-Wave Matrix Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In plane-wave matrix model, the membrane fuzzy sphere extended in the SO(3) symmetric space is allowed to have periodic motion on a sub-plane in the SO(6) symmetric space. We consider a background configuration composed of two such fuzzy spheres moving on the same sub-plane and the one-loop quantum corrections to it. The one-loop effective action describing the fuzzy sphere interaction is computed up to the sub-leading order in the limit that the mean distance $r$ between two fuzzy spheres is very large. We show that the leading order interaction is of the 1/r^7 type and thus the membrane fuzzy spheres interpreted as giant gravitons really behave as gravitons.

Hyeonjoon Shin; Kentaroh Yoshida

2004-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

116

Hydraulic jumps on an incline J E A N L U C T H I F F E A U L T1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Hydraulic jumps on an incline J E A N L U C T H I F F E A U L T1,2 AND A N D R E W B E L M O N rim resembling a parabola and reminiscent of a hydraulic jump. There appears to be little theory, and present a simple theory based on horizontal hydraulic jumps which accounts for the rise height and its

117

Algorithms for Stochastic Integer Programs Using Fenchel Cutting Planes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to solve. 6 Honda Toyota Ford Ridgeline Accord Fit Tundra Camry Yaris F350 Focus Fiesta Truck Sedan HB Truck Sedan HB Truck Sedan HB Weight (lbs) 6,050 3,216 2,496 6,800 3,190 2,295 9,900 2,097 3,620 Length (inches) 207 195 162 229 189 154 233 179 160...-stage problems have been 11 almost exclusively restricted to disjunctive cut-generation schemes. In [29], lift-and- project cutting planes approach based on the ideas from [12] is used to solve problems with F = {B,C};S = {B,C}. Cutting planes are used...

Venkatachalam, Saravanan

2014-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

118

On near-rings associated with generalized affine planes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON NEAR-RINGS ASSOCIATED WITH GENERALIZED AFFINE PLANES A Thesis by NANCY JANE ARMENTROUT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1971... Ma)or Subject: Mathematics ON NEAR-RINGS ASSOCIATED WITH GENERALIZED AI'FINE PLANES A Thesis NANCY JANE ARMENTROUT Approved as to style and content by: A, n. ;s-, . (Chairma of Committee) c ~ g~~+ (Head of Department) (Member) (Member) Mem...

Armentrout, Nancy Jane

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Transition from in-plane to out-of-plane azimuthal enhancement inAu+Au collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The incident energy at which the azimuthal distributions in semi-central heavy ion collisions change from in-plane to out-of-plane enhancement--E{sub tran} is studied as a function of mass of emitted particles, their transverse momentum and centrality for Au+Au collisions. The analysis is performed in a reference frame rotated with the sidewards flow angle ({Theta}{sub flow}) relative to the beam axis. A systematic decrease of E{sub tran} as function of mass of the reaction products, their transverse momentum and collision centrality is evidenced. The predictions of a microscopic transport model (IQMD) are compared with the experimental results.

Andronic, A.; Stoicea, G.; Petrovici, M.; Simion, V.; Crochet,P.; Alard, J.P.; Averbeck, R.; Barret, V.; Basrak, Z.; Bastid, N.; Bendarag, A.; Berek, G.; Caplar, R.; Devismes, A.; Dupieux, Dzelalija M.; Eskef, M.; Finck, Ch.; Fodor, Z.; Gobbi, A.; Grishkin, Y.; Hartmann,O.N.; Herrmann, N.; Hildenbrand, K.D.; Hong, B.; Kecskemeti, J.; Kim,Y.J.; Kirejczyk, M.; Korolija, M.; Kotte, R.; Kress, T.; Kutsche, R.; Lebedev, A.; Lee, K.S.; Leifels, Y.; Manko, V.; Merlitz, H.; Neubert, W.; Pelte, D.; Plettner, C.; Rami, F.; Resdorf, W.; de Schauenberg, B.; Schull, D.; Seres, Z.; Sikora, B.; Sim, K.S.; Siwek-Wilczynska, K.; Smolyankin, V.; Stockmeier, M.R.; Vasiliev, M.; Wagner, P.; Wisniewski,K.; Wohlfarth, D.; Yushmanov, I.; Zhilin, A.

2000-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

120

Phase-plane visualizations of gestural structure in expressive timing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and describe the construction of the phase-plane representa- tion from the time series using a functional has been one of the major topics in music perfor- mance research. As an expressive parameter, timing is used to clarify the musical structure of the piece (Clarke, 1988), among other things. Background

Widmer, Gerhard

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Distribution of Grain Boundary Planes and Misorientations in Magnesium Oxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distribution of Grain Boundary Planes and Misorientations in Magnesium Oxide D.M. Saylor 1 , A distribution, magnesium oxide. Abstract. We have developed a technique that allows the geometry of polycrystalline magnesium oxide. Using these data, we have specified the distribution of grain boundaries within

Rohrer, Gregory S.

122

Colliding plane waves with W=M=0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that there are three vacuum and one electrovacuum solutions of diagonal plane waves with M=0 and constant Maxwell scalars. Namely, these are the single wave, Stoyanov, Babala and Bell-Szekeres solutions. A comparison is made with the planar solutions of Taub.

B. V. Ivanov

1997-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

123

IRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination F. Allouchea,b, F. Vakilib-Antipolis, CNRS UMR 6525 Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France ABSTRACT In 2004, our group proposed IRAN-apertures illuminated by laser sources are recombined using the IRAN scheme. The validation of the IRAN recombination

Liske, Jochen

124

Refining the fundamental plane of accreting black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The idea of a unified description of supermassive and stellar black holes has been supported by the extension of the empirical radio/X-ray correlation from X-ray binaries to active galactic nuclei through the inclusion of a mass term. This has lead to the so-called fundamental plane of black hole activity in the black hole mass, radio and X-ray luminosity space. Two incarnations of this fundamental plane have so far been suggested using different underlying models and using two different samples of accreting black holes. We present revised samples for both studies together with a refined statistical analysis using measured errors of the observables. This method is used to compare the two samples, discuss selection effects, and infer parameters for the fundamental plane in a homogeneous way. We show that strongly sub-Eddington objects in a state equivalent to the low/hard state of X-ray binaries follow the fundamental plane very tightly; the scatter is comparable to the measurement errors. However, we find that the estimated parameters depend strongly on the assumptions made on the sources of scatter and the relative weight of the different AGN classes in the sample. Using only hard state objects, the fundamental plane is in agreement with the prediction of a simple uncooled synchrotron/jet model for the emitted radiation. Inclusion of high-state objects increases the scatter and moves the correlation closer to a disk/jet model. This is qualitatively consistent with a picture where low-state objects are largely dominated by jet emission while high-state objects have a strong contribution from an accretion disk.

Elmar Koerding; Heino Falcke; Sephane Corbel

2006-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

125

On plane waves in diluted relativistic cold plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We briefly report on some exact results [G. Fiore, arXiv:1312.4665 preprint, to appear in J. Phys. A] regarding plane waves in a relativistic cold plasma. If the plasma, initially at rest, is reached by a transverse plane electromagnetic travelling-wave, then its motion has a very simple dependence on this wave in the limit of zero density, otherwise can be determined by an iterative procedure whose accuracy decreases with time or the plasma density. Thus one can describe in particular the impact of a very intense and short laser pulse onto a plasma and determine conditions for the "slingshot effect" [G. Fiore, R. Fedele, U. De Angelis, arXiv:1309.1400 preprint] to occur. The motion in vacuum of a charged test particle subject to a wave of the same kind is also determined, for any initial velocity.

Gaetano Fiore

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Plane-parallel waves as duals of the flat background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a classification of non-Abelian T-duals of the flat metric in D=4 dimensions with respect to the four-dimensional continuous subgroups of the Poincare group. After dualizing the flat background, we identify majority of dual models as conformal sigma models in plane-parallel wave backgrounds, most of them having torsion. We give their form in Brinkmann coordinates. We find, besides the plane-parallel waves, several diagonalizable curved metrics with nontrivial scalar curvature and torsion. Using the non-Abelian T-duality, we find general solution of the classical field equations for all the sigma models in terms of d'Alembert solutions of the wave equation.

Ladislav Hlavaty; Ivo Petr

2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

127

High operating temperature interband cascade focal plane arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we report the initial demonstration of mid-infrared interband cascade (IC) photodetector focal plane arrays with multiple-stage/junction design. The merits of IC photodetectors include low noise and efficient photocarrier extraction, even for zero-bias operation. By adopting enhanced electron barrier design and a total absorber thickness of 0.7??m, the 5-stage IC detectors show very low dark current (1.10??10{sup ?7} A/cm{sup 2} at ?5?mV and 150?K). Even with un-optimized fabrication and standard commercial (mis-matched) read-out circuit technology, infrared images are obtained by the 320??256 IC focal plane array up to 180?K with f/2.3 optics. The minimum noise equivalent temperature difference of 28 mK is obtained at 120?K. These initial results indicate great potential of IC photodetectors, particularly for high operating temperature applications.

Tian, Z.-B.; Godoy, S. E.; Kim, H. S.; Schuler-Sandy, T.; Montoya, J. A.; Krishna, S. [Center for High Technology Materials, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87106 (United States)

2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

128

On Beltrami fields with nonconstant proportionality factor on the plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the equation rotB+aB=0 (1) in the plane with a being a real-valued function and show that it can be reduced to a Vekua equation of a special form. In the case when a depends on one Cartesian variable a complete system of exact solutions of the Vekua equation and hence of equation (1) is constructed based on L. Bers' theory of formal powers.

Vladislav V. Kravchenko; Hector Oviedo

2007-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

129

Binding Energy and the Fundamental Plane of Globular Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A physical description of the fundamental plane of Galactic globular clusters is developed which explains all empirical trends and correlations in a large number of cluster observables and provides a small but complete set of truly independent constraints on theories of cluster formation and evolution in the Milky Way. Within the theoretical framework of single-mass, isotropic King models, it is shown that (1) 39 regular (non--core-collapsed) globulars with measured core velocity dispersions share a common V-band mass-to-light ratio of 1.45 +/- 0.10, and (2) a complete sample of 109 regular globulars reveals a very strong correlation between cluster binding energy and total luminosity, regulated by Galactocentric position: E_b \\propto (L^{2.05} r_{\\rm gc}^{-0.4}). The observational scatter about either of these two constraints can be attributed fully to random measurement errors, making them the defining equations of a fundamental plane for globular clusters. A third, weaker correlation, between total luminosity and the King-model concentration parameter, c, is then related to the (non-random) distribution of globulars on the plane. The equations of the FP are used to derive expressions for any cluster observable in terms of only L, r_{\\rm gc}, and c. Results are obtained for generic King models and applied specifically to the globular cluster system of the Milky Way.

Dean E. McLaughlin

2000-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

130

2D-Modelling of pellet injection in the poloidal plane: results of numerical tests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2D-Modelling of pellet injection in the poloidal plane: results of numerical tests P. Lalousis developed for computing the expansion of pellet-produced clouds in the poloidal plane. The expansion

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

131

Harnessing the Power of the Sun, Solar Impulse Plane Lands in...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the Power of the Sun, Solar Impulse Plane Lands in DC Area Harnessing the Power of the Sun, Solar Impulse Plane Lands in DC Area June 17, 2013 - 6:15pm Addthis Watch Energy...

132

Dehlsen (TRL 5 6 System) - Aquantis C-Plane Ocean Current Turbine...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Dehlsen (TRL 5 6 System) - Aquantis C-Plane Ocean Current Turbine Project Dehlsen (TRL 5 6 System) - Aquantis C-Plane Ocean Current Turbine Project Dehlsen (TRL 5 6 System) -...

133

E-Print Network 3.0 - a-plane gan films Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

films Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Demonstration of nonpolar a-plane InGaNGaN light emitting diode on r-plane sapphire substrate Summary: of the difficulty in obtaining high...

134

E-Print Network 3.0 - abdominis plane tap Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

loading. Sagittal plane rectus abdominis ... Source: Ohio State University, Department of Industrial, Welding, and Systems Engineering, Biodynamics Laboratories Collection:...

135

Focal plane array with modular pixel array components for scalability  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A modular, scalable focal plane array is provided as an array of integrated circuit dice, wherein each die includes a given amount of modular pixel array circuitry. The array of dice effectively multiplies the amount of modular pixel array circuitry to produce a larger pixel array without increasing die size. Desired pixel pitch across the enlarged pixel array is preserved by forming die stacks with each pixel array circuitry die stacked on a separate die that contains the corresponding signal processing circuitry. Techniques for die stack interconnections and die stack placement are implemented to ensure that the desired pixel pitch is preserved across the enlarged pixel array.

Kay, Randolph R; Campbell, David V; Shinde, Subhash L; Rienstra, Jeffrey L; Serkland, Darwin K; Holmes, Michael L

2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

136

Focal-plane detector system for the KATRIN experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The focal-plane detector system for the KArlsruhe TRItium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment consists of a multi-pixel silicon p-i-n-diode array, custom readout electronics, two superconducting solenoid magnets, an ultra high-vacuum system, a high-vacuum system, calibration and monitoring devices, a scintillating veto, and a custom data-acquisition system. It is designed to detect the low-energy electrons selected by the KATRIN main spectrometer. We describe the system and summarize its performance after its final installation.

J. F. Amsbaugh; J. Barrett; A. Beglarian; T. Bergmann; H. Bichsel; L. I. Bodine; J. Bonn; N. M. Boyd; T. H. Burritt; Z. Chaoui; S. Chilingaryan; T. J. Corona; P. J. Doe; J. A. Dunmore; S. Enomoto; J. Fischer; J. A. Formaggio; F. M. Frnkle; D. Furse; H. Gemmeke; F. Glck; F. Harms; G. C. Harper; J. Hartmann; M. A. Howe; A. Kaboth; J. Kelsey; M. Knauer; A. Kopmann; M. L. Leber; E. L. Martin; K. J. Middleman; A. W. Myers; N. S. Oblath; D. S. Parno; D. A. Peterson; L. Petzold; D. G. Phillips II; P. Renschler; R. G. H. Robertson; J. Schwarz; M. Steidl; D. Tcherniakhovski; T. Thmmler; T. D. Van Wechel; B. A. VanDevender; S. Vcking; B. L. Wall; K. L. Wierman; J. F. Wilkerson; S. Wstling

2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

137

On the harmonic oscillator on the Lobachevsky plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce the harmonic oscillator on the Lobachevsky plane with the aid of the potential $V(r)=(a^2\\omega^2/4)sinh(r/a)^2$ where $a$ is the curvature radius and $r$ is the geodesic distance from a fixed center. Thus the potential is rotationally symmetric and unbounded likewise as in the Euclidean case. The eigenvalue equation leads to the differential equation of spheroidal functions. We provide a basic numerical analysis of eigenvalues and eigenfunctions in the case when the value of the angular momentum, $m$, equals 0.

P. Stovicek; M. Tusek

2007-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

138

On the harmonic oscillator properties in a twisted Moyal plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work prolongs, using an operator method, the investigations started in our recent paper J. Math. Phys. 51., 102108 on the spectrum and states of the harmonic oscillator on twisted Moyal plane, where rather a Moyal-star-algebraic approach was used. The physical spectrum and states of the harmonic oscillator on twisted Moyal space, obtained here by solving the corresponding differential equation, are similar to those of the ordinary Moyal space, with different parameters. This fortunately contrasts with the previous study which produced unexpected results, i.e. infinitely degenerate states with energies depending on the coordinate functions.

Ezinvi Baloitcha; Mahouton Norbert Hounkonnou; Dine Ousmane Samary

2012-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

139

MHK Projects/WavePlane Prototype 1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay IE < MHK ProjectRoseInformationWECWavePlane

140

MHK Technologies/C Plane | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay IE <AirWEC < MHK TechnologiesSwingBrandlPlane

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Solving mixed 0-1 knapsack problems using Fenchel cutting planes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cutting-plane methods have shown their unique advantage in solving IP problems. In this research, a new algorithm (MIXCUT) is developed to generate the cutting planes for mixed 0-1 knapsack problems. The class of the cutting planes is called Fenchel...

Yan, Xiao-Qing

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

PLANE-WAVE DECOMPOSITION OF A SOUND SCENE USING A CYLINDRICAL MICROPHONE ARRAY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLANE-WAVE DECOMPOSITION OF A SOUND SCENE USING A CYLINDRICAL MICROPHONE ARRAY Dmitry N. Zotkin] and for the cylindrical array [2]. An alternative approach is to note that in the plane-wave basis [9] a sound field of converting a sound field into the plane-wave basis de- composes it into directional components. In a recent

Zotkin, Dmitry N.

143

iPlane Nano: Path Prediction for Peer-to-Peer Applications Harsha V. Madhyastha  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

iPlane Nano: Path Prediction for Peer-to-Peer Applications Harsha V. Madhyastha Ethan Katz present the design and implementa- tion of iPlane Nano, a library for delivering Internet path information to peer-to-peer applications. iPlane Nano is itself a peer-to-peer application, and scales to a large

Krishnamurthy, Arvind

144

PROPAGATION OF A-WAVE IN A PLANE PLATE EXPERIMENTAL STUDY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROPAGATION OF A-WAVE IN A PLANE PLATE EXPERIMENTAL STUDY Loïc MARTINEZ Jean DUCLOS Alain TINEL ABSTRACT The propagation of the A-wave is investigated theoretically on a plane brass plate completly a wide development over these ten last years. These studies show that an incident plane wave propagating

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

145

White dwarfs in the European Galactic Plane Surveys (EGAPS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The space density of white dwarfs is highly uncertain even nearby. This results from the fact that the known sample of white dwarfs is largely incomplete in part because most white dwarfs have been discovered as by-products in non-dedicated surveys. In order to obtain more accurate white dwarf space densities and scale heights we must build up a complete sample of white dwarfs. The European Galactic Plane Surveys (EGAPS) are the best database to search for white dwarfs as they will provide broad band (U, g', r', i') and narrow band (Halpha and HeI) measurements for one per cent of all the stars in the Galaxy. By looking at the Galactic Plane, where most stars are, we ensure that we are obtaining a complete sample. The space densities obtained from EGAPS can then be compared with those found in high latitude surveys such as the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The methods used to identify white dwarfs using the colours available in EGAPS are described and some preliminary results presented.

L. Morales-Rueda; P. J. Groot; R. Napiwotzki; J. Drew; the EGAPS collaboration

2006-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

146

Measure Guideline: Guidance on Taped Insulating Sheathing Drainage Planes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This guide provides information and recommendations to the following groups: insulation contractors; general contractors; builders; home remodelers; mechanical contractors; and homeowners, as a guide to the work that needs to be done. The order of work completed during home construction and retrofit improvements is important. Health and safety issues must be addressed first and are more important than durability issues. And durability issues are more important than saving energy. Not all techniques can apply to all houses. Special conditions will require special action. Some builders or homeowners will wish to do more than the important but basic retrofit strategies outlined by this guide. The following are best practice and product recommendations from the interviewed contractors and homebuilders who collectively have a vast amount of experience. Three significant items were discussed with the group which are required to make taped insulating sheathing a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane: 1. Horizontal joints should be limited or eliminated wherever possible; 2. Where a horizontal joint exists use superior materials; 3. Frequent installation inspection and regular trade training are required to maintain proper installation. Section 5 of this measure guideline contains the detailed construction procedure for the three recommended methods to effectively seal the joints in exterior insulating sheathing to create a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane.

Grin, A.; Lstiburek, J.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

An analysis of periodic heat flow through a plane slab  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

slices of thickness ax = L/5 and. two half-slices of tJ:ickness ax/2 = L/10 as shown in I~'igure 1, and the center plane of eacn slice was indexed. o 1 (~6 X 2 nx i ax+ t t 0 DX bx Dx ~ax ? ~- Ax Dx ' CFOSS SECTION OP SLAB DIVID' 'D INTO SLIC... because it is always zero. tl t2 t5 t4 t. 0 1 2 5 6 1000. 0 1150. 5 1258. 8 1582. 6 1500. 0 1608, 7 1707. 1 0 200. 0 226. 1 $15. 8 561. 7 /t )8 0 0 80. 0 106. 4 160. 4 1 / 0 0 0 $2. 0 4o. 0 7'-' 1 0 0 0 0 12. 8 0 0 0 0 0...

Gibson, Daniel Morgan

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Strained layer superlattice focal plane array having a planar structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An infrared focal plane array (FPA) is disclosed which utilizes a strained-layer superlattice (SLS) formed of alternating layers of InAs and In.sub.xGa.sub.1-xSb with 0.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.0.5 epitaxially grown on a GaSb substrate. The FPA avoids the use of a mesa structure to isolate each photodetector element and instead uses impurity-doped regions formed in or about each photodetector for electrical isolation. This results in a substantially-planar structure in which the SLS is unbroken across the entire width of a 2-D array of the photodetector elements which are capped with an epitaxially-grown passivation layer to reduce or eliminate surface recombination. The FPA has applications for use in the wavelength range of 3-25 .mu.m.

Kim, Jin K; Carroll, Malcolm S; Gin, Aaron; Marsh, Phillip F; Young, Erik W; Cich, Michael J

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

149

Capacitance of edge plane of pyrolytic graphite in acetonitrile solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The capacitance of the edge plane of pyrolytic graphite electrodes, in acetonitrile solutions, is measured by recording the current response to an applied triangular voltage sweep; TVS, and then fitting the current response with an appropriate function, (via a set of adjustable parameters). The pretreatment of the electrodes, the supporting electrolyte concentration used, and the frequency of the input TVS, were all found to affect the measured capacitance. In these experiments, a background current was also seen and the shape of the current output for the TVS; the charging/discharging curve, is shown to correlate with the magnitude of this background current. In addition, the size of the background current was found to have some dependence on the type of electrode pretreatment procedure used. 60 refs., 49 figs., 3 tabs.

Minick, S.K.; Ishida, Takanobu

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

The new integrals in the complex plane resulting from the coherent state formalism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From the geometric point of view, it exists a one-to-one correspondence between the coherent states (CSs) | z, ? > and the points in the complex plane z. Consequently, the eigenvalues of the quantum operators will be numbers in the complex plane. In the paper we have deduced some new useful integrals in the complex plane - by using the expression of the Husimi's function for some oscillators: the harmonic and the pseudoharmonic one.

Popov, Duan, E-mail: dusan-popov@yahoo.co.uk, E-mail: nicolina.pop@et.upt.ro; Pop, Nicolina, E-mail: dusan-popov@yahoo.co.uk, E-mail: nicolina.pop@et.upt.ro [Politehnica University of Timi?oara, Department of Physical Foundation of Engineering, 2 Vasile Prvan Blvd., 300223 Timi?oara (Romania); ?imon, Simona [Politehnica University of Timi?oara, Faculty of Communication Sciences, 2A Traian Lalescu St, 300223 Timi?oara (Romania)

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

151

The fundamental plane of clusters of galaxies: a quest for understanding cluster dynamics and morphology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss implications of the fundamental plane parameters of clusters of galaxies derived from combined optical and X-ray data of a sample of 78 nearby clusters. In particular, we investigate the dependence of these parameters on the dynamical state of the cluster. We introduce a new concept of allocation of the fundamental plane of clusters derived from their intrinsic morphological properties, and put some theoretical implications of the existence of a fundamental plane into perspective.

Christoph Fritsch; Thomas Buchert

1999-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

152

E-Print Network 3.0 - analyzer focal plane Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 > >> 1 Synthetic Aperture Focusing using a Shear-Warp Factorization of the Viewing Transform Summary: analyze the warps required for tilted focal planes and arbitrary camera...

153

Ascent performance feasibility of the national aerospace plane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The national aerospace plane (NASP) is a proposed hypervelocity research vehicle which must take-off horizontally, achieve orbital speed, and then land horizontally. Its configuration is dominated by the powerplant, which includes the combination of turbojet engines for flight at subsonic speeds and low supersonic speeds, ramjet engines for flight at high supersonic speeds, scramjet engines for flight at hypersonic speeds, and rocket engines for flight at near-orbital speeds. Optimal trajectories are studied for a given NASP configuration, the so-called general hypersonic aerodynamics model example, under the assumption that the NASP is controlled via angle of attack and power setting. Three powerplant models are considered: (E1) and (E2) are turbojet, ramjet, scramjet combinations; (E3) is a turbojet, ramjet scramjet, rocket combination, with the rocket mode starting at M = 15. Realistic constraints are imposed on the peak dynamic pressure, peak heating rate, and peak tangential acceleration. Under this scenario, the time history of the controls is optimized simultaneously with the switch times from one engine mode to the next. The optimization criterion is the total mass of fuel required to achieve orbital speed. The optimization study employs the sequential gradient-restoration algorithm for optimal control problems.

Miele, A.; Lee, W.Y.; Wu, G.D. [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

154

Engineering of optical polarization based on electronic band structures of A-plane ZnO layers under biaxial strains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In-plane anisotropic strains in A-plane layers on the electronic band structure of ZnO were investigated from the viewpoint of optical polarization anisotropy. Investigations utilizing kp perturbation theory revealed that energy transitions and associated oscillation strengths were dependent on in-plane strains. The theoretical correlation between optical polarizations and in-plane strains was experimentally demonstrated using A-plane ZnO layers with different in-plane strains. Finally, optical polarization anisotropy and its implications for in-plane optical properties are discussed in relation to the energy shift between two orthogonal directions. Higher polarization rotations were obtained in an A-plane ZnO layer with in-plane biaxially compressive strains as compared to strain-free ZnO. This study provides detailed information concerning the role played by in-plane strains in optically polarized applications based on nonpolar ZnO in the ultra-violet region.

Matsui, Hiroaki, E-mail: hiroaki@ee.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Tabata, Hitoshi [Department of Bioengineering, The University of Tokyo, 1-3-7 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, The University of Tokyo, 1-3-7 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Hasuike, Noriyuki; Harima, Hiroshi [Department of Electronics and Information Science, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8585 (Japan)

2014-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

155

THE UMBRAL TRANSFER-MATRIX METHOD: II. Counting Plane Partitions Doron ZEILBERGER 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the umbra. In this article we describe the Maple package PPar that automatically constructs Umbral Schemes Evolution Umbra for monotone triangles. An Umbra for r-rowed plane partitions Recall that an r #2;k plane ) : For details study carefully the source code of the Maple package PPar. The next step is to #12;nd the pre-umbra

Zeilberger, Doron

156

THE UMBRAL TRANSFER-MATRIX METHOD: II. Counting Plane Partitions Doron ZEILBERGER 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

* *ased on Gian- Carlo Rota's seminal notion of the umbra. In this article we describe the Map* *le, for specific but arbitrary r, and that also automatically constructs Evolution Umbra for monot* *one triangles. An Umbra for r-rowed plane partitions Recall that an r x k plane-partition is a matrix

Zeilberger, Doron

157

Tracking planes in omnidirectional stereovision Guillaume Caron, Eric Marchand and El Mustapha Mouaddib  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tracking planes in omnidirectional stereovision Guillaume Caron, Eric Marchand and El Mustapha laboratory, Amiens, FRANCE; e-mail: {guillaume.caron, mouaddib}@u-picardie.fr Eric Marchand is with Universit´e de Rennes 1, IRISA, INRIA Lagadic, Rennes, France; e-mail: eric.marchand@irisa.fr in the image plane

Boyer, Edmond

158

Vortices and Rossby waves in cylinder wakes on a parabolic -plane observed by altimetric imaging velocimetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, geostrophic and gradient wind velocity, and potential vorticity fields with very high spatial resolutionVortices and Rossby waves in cylinder wakes on a parabolic -plane observed by altimetric imaging in the wake of a circular cylinder are investigated in a rotating parabolic polar -plane fluid. This system

Afanassiev, Iakov

159

Geodesic Completeness for Sobolev Metrics on the Space of Immersed Plane Curves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geodesic Completeness for Sobolev Metrics on the Space of Immersed Plane Curves Martins Bruveris on the space of immersed plane curves. We show that the geodesic equation for Sobolev-type met- rics is geodesically com- plete. We find lower bounds for the geodesic distance in terms of curvature and its

Michor, Peter W.

160

Image interpolation and denoising for division of focal plane sensors using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Image interpolation and denoising for division of focal plane sensors using Gaussian Processes Elad acquisition as most digital cameras are composed of a 2D grid of heterogeneous imag- ing sensors. Current of focal plane polariza- tion sensors. The sensors capture only partial information of the true scene

Columbia University

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Reconstruction of nonstationary sound fields based on time domain plane wave superposition method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reconstruction of nonstationary sound fields based on time domain plane wave superposition method X.-Z. Zhanga , J.-H. Thomasb , C.-X. Bia and J.-C. Pascalb a Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, Hefei of the Acoustics 2012 Nantes Conference 23-27 April 2012, Nantes, France 1811 #12;A time-domain plane wave

Boyer, Edmond

162

Equilibration of a warm pumped lens on a -plane. Timour Radko, John Marshall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Equilibration of a warm pumped lens on a -plane. Timour Radko, John Marshall Department of Earth of the baroclinic instability of a large-scale current. In a recent paper (briefly re- viewed in Sec. 2) Marshall et to the -plane. A fundamental differ- ence between Marshall's et al. (2002) study and the present one is that now

Marshall, John

163

On the energy transported by exact plane gravitational-wave solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energy and momentum transported by exact plane gravitational-wave solutions of Einstein equations are computed using the teleparallel equivalent formulation of Einstein's theory. It is shown that these waves transport neither energy nor momentum. A comparison with the usual linear plane gravitational-waves solution of the linearized Einstein equation is presented.

Yuri N. Obukhov; J. G. Pereira; Guillermo F. Rubilar

2009-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

164

2011 HM{sub 102}: DISCOVERY OF A HIGH-INCLINATION L5 NEPTUNE TROJAN IN THE SEARCH FOR A POST-PLUTO NEW HORIZONS TARGET  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the discovery of a long-term stable L5 (trailing) Neptune Trojan in data acquired to search for candidate trans-Neptunian objects for the New Horizons spacecraft to fly by during an extended post-Pluto mission. This Neptune Trojan, 2011 HM{sub 102}, has the highest inclination (29. Degree-Sign 4) of any known member of this population. It is intrinsically brighter than any single L5 Jupiter Trojan at H{sub V} {approx} 8.18. We have determined its gri colors (a first for any L5 Neptune Trojan), which we find to be similar to the moderately red colors of the L4 Neptune Trojans, suggesting similar surface properties for members of both Trojan clouds. We also present colors derived from archival data for two L4 Neptune Trojans (2006 RJ{sub 103} and 2007 VL{sub 305}), better refining the overall color distribution of the population. In this document we describe the discovery circumstances, our physical characterization of 2011 HM{sub 102}, and this object's implications for the Neptune Trojan population overall. Finally, we discuss the prospects for detecting 2011 HM{sub 102} from the New Horizons spacecraft during its close approach in mid- to late-2013.

Parker, Alex H.; Holman, Matthew J.; McLeod, Brian A. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Buie, Marc W.; Borncamp, David M.; Spencer, John R.; Stern, S. Alan [Southwest Research Institute, 6220 Culebra Road, San Antonio, TX 78238 (United States); Osip, David J. [Carnegie Observatories, Las Campanas Observatory, Casilla 601, La Serena (Chile); Gwyn, Stephen D. J.; Fabbro, Sebastian; Kavelaars, J. J. [Canadian Astronomy Data Centre, National Research Council of Canada, 5071 W. Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Benecchi, Susan D.; Sheppard, Scott S. [Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institute of Washington, 5251 Broad Branch Road NW, Washington, DC 20015 (United States); Binzel, Richard P.; DeMeo, Francesca E. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Fuentes, Cesar I.; Trilling, David E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northern Arizona University, S San Francisco St, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 (United States); Gay, Pamela L. [Center for Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Research, Education, and Outreach, Southern Illinois University, 1220 Lincoln Dr, Carbondale, IL 62901 (United States); Petit, Jean-Marc [CNRS, UTINAM, Universite de Franche Comte, Route de Gray, F-25030 Besancon Cedex, (France); Tholen, David J., E-mail: aparker@cfa.harvard.edu [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Dr, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); and others

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

System and method for generating a deselect mapping for a focal plane array  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for generating a deselect mapping for a focal plane array according to one embodiment includes gathering a data set for a focal plane array when exposed to light or radiation from a first known target; analyzing the data set for determining which pixels or subpixels of the focal plane array to add to a deselect mapping; adding the pixels or subpixels to the deselect mapping based on the analysis; and storing the deselect mapping. A method for gathering data using a focal plane array according to another embodiment includes deselecting pixels or subpixels based on a deselect mapping; gathering a data set using pixels or subpixels in a focal plane array that are not deselected upon exposure thereof to light or radiation from a target of interest; and outputting the data set.

Bixler, Jay V; Brandt, Timothy G; Conger, James L; Lawson, Janice K

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

166

Design of a high speed planing hull with a cambered step and surface piercing hydrofoils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of a high speed planing hull is analyzed by implementing a cambered step and stem, surface piercing hydrofoils, commonly known as a Dynaplane hull. This configuration combines the drag reduction benefits of a stepped ...

Faison, Leon Alexander

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

E-Print Network 3.0 - annular plane systolic Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and spinal canal were created. CSF flow during systole and diastole were... a PCMR cine image series is acquired in a single axial plane, the flow pattern and flow ... Source:...

168

The main applications of Mechanical Engineering are usually thought of as planes,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main applications of Mechanical Engineering are usually thought of as planes, trains and automobiles. These industries have Mechanical Engineering principles and Mechanical Engineers at the very core aeronautical renewable energy robotics biomechanics sports engineering medical engineering

Schnaufer, Achim

169

Response of a grooved plate subjected to out-of-plane contact loading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The response of a grooved plate subjected to out-of-plane contact loading is examined. The influence of selected geometric and loading parameters are investigated, as well as the effects of various boundary conditions. The ...

Bastien, Christopher J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Coloring Kk-free intersection graphs of geometric objects in the plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coloring Kk-free intersection graphs of geometric objects in the plane Jacob Fox Department that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice

Fox, Jacob

171

On the complexity of cutting plane proofs using split cuts Sanjeeb ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 16, 2008 ... Page 1 ... The complexity of different types of cutting-plane proofs has been a much studied topic in recent years. Some well-known classes of...

2008-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

172

Delamination characterization of composite plates with holes/inclusions under general in-plane loading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DELAMINATION CHARACTERIZATION OF COMPOSITE PLATES WITH HOLES/INCLUSIONS UNDER GENERAL IN ? PLANE LOADING A Thesis by RONALD BENSE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1989 KIaj or Subject: Mechanical Engineering DELAMINATION CHARACTERIZATION OF COMPOSITE PLATES WITH HOLES/INCLUSIONS UNDER GENERAL IN ? PLANE LOADING A Thesis by RONALD BENSE Approved as to style and content by...

Bense, Ronald

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

173

The effect of averaging adjacent planes for artifact reduction in matrix inversion tomosynthesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Matrix inversion tomosynthesis (MITS) uses linear systems theory and knowledge of the imaging geometry to remove tomographic blur that is present in conventional backprojection tomosynthesis reconstructions, leaving in-plane detail rendered clearly. The use of partial-pixel interpolation during the backprojection process introduces imprecision in the MITS modeling of tomographic blur, and creates low-contrast artifacts in some MITS planes. This paper examines the use of MITS slabs, created by averaging several adjacent MITS planes, as a method for suppressing partial-pixel artifacts. Methods: Human chest tomosynthesis projection data, acquired as part of an IRB-approved pilot study, were used to generate MITS planes, three-plane MITS slabs (MITSa3), five-plane MITS slabs (MITSa5), and seven-plane MITS slabs (MITSa7). These were qualitatively examined for partial-pixel artifacts and the visibility of normal and abnormal anatomy. Additionally, small (5 mm) subtle pulmonary nodules were simulated and digitally superimposed upon human chest tomosynthesis projection images, and their visibility was qualitatively assessed in the different reconstruction techniques. Simulated images of a thin wire were used to generate modulation transfer function (MTF) and slice-sensitivity profile curves for the different MITS and MITS slab techniques, and these were examined for indications of partial-pixel artifacts and frequency response uniformity. Finally, mean-subtracted, exposure-normalized noise power spectra (ENNPS) estimates were computed and compared for MITS and MITS slab reconstructions, generated from 10 sets of tomosynthesis projection data of an acrylic slab. The simulated in-plane MTF response of each technique was also combined with the square root of the ENNPS estimate to yield stochastic signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) information about the different reconstruction techniques. Results: For scan angles of 20 Degree-Sign and 5 mm plane separation, seven MITS planes must be averaged to sufficiently remove partial-pixel artifacts. MITSa7 does appear to subtly reduce the contrast of high-frequency 'edge' information, but the removal of partial-pixel artifacts makes the appearance of low-contrast, fine-detail anatomy even more conspicuous in MITSa7 slices. MITSa7 also appears to render simulated subtle 5 mm pulmonary nodules with greater visibility than MITS alone, in both the open lung and regions overlying the mediastinum. Finally, the MITSa7 technique reduces stochastic image variance, though the in-plane stochastic SNR (for very thin objects which do not span multiple MITS planes) is only improved at spatial frequencies between 0.05 and 0.20 cycles/mm. Conclusions: The MITSa7 method is an improvement over traditional single-plane MITS for thoracic imaging and the pulmonary nodule detection task, and thus the authors plan to use the MITSa7 approach for all future MITS research at the authors' institution.

Godfrey, Devon J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Page McAdams, H. [Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Dobbins, James T. III [Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Physics, and Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

174

Two charges on plane in a magnetic field: III. $He^+$ ion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The $He^+$ ion on a plane subject to a constant magnetic field $B$ perpendicular to the plane is considered taking into account the finite nuclear mass. Factorization of eigenfunctions permits to reduce the four-dimensional problem to three-dimensional one. The ground state energy of the composite system is calculated in a wide range of magnetic fields from $B=0.01$ up to $B=100$ a.u. and center-of-mass Pseudomomentum $K$ from $0$ to $1000$ a.u. using a variational approach. The accuracy of calculations for $B = 0.1 $ a.u. is cross-checked in Lagrange-mesh method and not less than five significant figures are reproduced in energy. Similarly to the case of moving neutral system on the plane a phenomenon of a sharp change of energy behavior as a function of $K$ for a certain critical $K_c$ but a fixed magnetic field occurs.

M. A. Escobar-Ruiz

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

175

How and why to think about scattering in terms of wave packets instead of plane waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss "the plane wave approximation" to quantum mechanical scattering using simple one-dimensional examples. The central points of the paper are that (a) plane waves should be thought of as infinitely wide wave packets, and (b) the calculations of reflection and transmission probabilities $R$ and $T$ in standard textbook presentations involve an approximation which is almost never discussed. We argue that it should be discussed explicitly, and that doing so provides a simple and intuitively revealing alternative way to derive and understand certain formulas. Using an under-appreciated exact expression for wave packet scattering probabilities, we calculate, for two standard examples, expressions for $R$ and $T$ for an incident Gaussian wave packet. Comparing these results to the corresponding ones calculated using the plane wave approximation helps illuminate the domain of applicability of that approximation.

Travis Norsen; Joshua Lande; S. B. McKagan

2009-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

176

Refined Cauchy and Littlewood identities, plane partitions and symmetry classes of alternating sign matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove and conjecture some new symmetric function identities, which equate the generating series of 1. Plane partitions, subject to certain restrictions and weightings, and 2. Alternating sign matrices, subject to certain symmetry properties. The left hand side of each of our identities is a simple refinement of a relevant Cauchy or Littlewood identity, allowing them to be interpreted as generating series for plane partitions. The right hand side of each identity is a partition function of the six-vertex model, on a relevant domain. These can be interpreted as generating series for alternating sign matrices, using the well known bijection with six-vertex model configurations.

Dan Betea; Michael Wheeler

2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

177

Semianalytic Monte Carlo calculation of reflected and transmitted radiance in a plane parallel atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

=T Fig. 1. Pictorial representation of plane parallel atmosphere geometry. is m dr 0 where n =cos 8 n n and m is the albedo for single scattering. The probability of pas- 0 sage from r' to r without further scattering is exp [-(r' ? r)/n ]. n+1... Therefore, the probability of passage through any plane r after n+1 collisions, is a product of these three probabilities. p (r') exp [-(r' ? r)/n ] dr' n+1 n After integrating over all possible values of r' between 0 and for n & 0, an equation...

Moffitt, John Russell

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

178

Subcritical finite-amplitude solutions in plane Couette flow of visco-elastic fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plane Couette flow of visco-elastic fluids is shown to exhibit a purely elastic subcritical instability in spite of being linearly stable. The mechanism of this instability is proposed and the nonlinear stability analysis of plane Couette flow of the Upper-Convected Maxwell fluid is presented. It is found that above the critical Weissenberg number, a small finite-size perturbation is sufficient to create a secondary flow, and the threshold value for the amplitude of the perturbation decreases as the Weissenberg number increases. The results suggest a scenario for weakly turbulent visco-elastic flow which is similar to the one for Newtonian fluids as a function of Reynolds number.

Alexander N. Morozov; Wim van Saarloos

2004-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

179

Finite-Difference Modeling of Noise Coupling between Power/Ground Planes in Multilayered Packages and Boards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system become increasingly more critical regarding the signal integrity and electromagnetic interference electromagnetic interference. Hence, accurate modeling of power/ground planes is critical to estimate the noise

Swaminathan, Madhavan

180

1 MILLION Q-FACTOR DEMONSTRATED ON MICRO-GLASSBLOWN FUSED SILICA WINEGLASS RESONATORS WITH OUT-OF-PLANE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-OF-PLANE ELECTROSTATIC TRANSDUCTION D. Senkal , M.J. Ahamed, S. Askari, and A.M. Shkel MicroSystems Laboratory

Tang, William C

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The singularity at the tip of the rising plane bubble: The case of nonzero surface tension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The singularity at the tip of the rising plane bubble: The case of nonzero surface tension Prabir pointed bubble in the presenceof surface tension. These bubbles have been recently obtained by Vanden to find the apexangle as a function of the speedof the bubbles for a fixed value of surface tension

Daripa, Prabir

182

On the theory of type-I superconductor surface tension and twinning-plane-superconductivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

447 On the theory of type-I superconductor surface tension and twinning-plane-superconductivity T du paramètre de Landau-Ginsburg 03BA est trouvée pour la tension de surface des supraconducteurs de. Abstract. 2014 A correction is found to the surface tension in type-I superconductors which is proportional

Boyer, Edmond

183

Hydrodynamics of high speed planing hulls with partially ventilated bottom and hydrofoils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The influence of a cambered shaped bottom step on the performance of sea going V-stepped planing hulls is investigated using numerical methods. The shape of the step was designed to decrease the Drag/Lift ratio of the hull ...

Sheingart, Zvi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Advantages of a PCE-based Control Plane for LISP Alberto Castro  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advantages of a PCE-based Control Plane for LISP Alberto Castro , Martin German , Xavi Masip- ported by an architecture that borrows concepts from both the Path Computation Element (PCE the destination EID address; and (iii) our approach can blend IRC with the PCE capabilities, to perform up- stream

Yannuzzi Sanchez, Marcelo

185

Design and performance evaluation of an OpenFlow-based control plane for software-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Muñoz, "Control plane techniques for elastic optical networks: GMPLS/PCE vs OpenFlow," in IEEE Global. Moreolo, R. Martinez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, "Experimental assessment of a combined PCE, R. Martínez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, "GMPLS/PCE control of flexi-grid DWDM optical

Yoo, S. J. Ben

186

Demonstration: in-plane scattering of beads on a target; sticky marbles; Geiger counter and sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demonstration: in-plane scattering of beads on a target; sticky marbles; Geiger counter and sources, and the hole is about 5 cm in diameter. In the demo, 20 beads are rolled at random positions, and about 5 fall with no top or bottom. We drop 10,000 sticky marbles at random into the box, covering an area 1 m by 1 m

Boal, David

187

Critical Plane Analysis of Wall Assembly in a Hot, Humid Climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to determine if there is a critical plane in the wall towards which water vapor flows more rapidly from the outdoors than it flows to the indoors. (In heating climates, the analysis is reversed). In order to do this, weather data must be examined to yield...

Turner, S. C.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

The equilibrium crystal shape of strontium titanate and its relationship to the grain boundary plane distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The equilibrium crystal shape of strontium titanate and its relationship to the grain crystal shape (ECS) of a model system, strontium titanate, is compared with the grain boundary plane distribution (GBPD) as a function of temperature. Strontium titanate has a pronounced surface energy anisotropy

Rohrer, Gregory S.

189

The equilibrium crystal shape of strontium titanate and its relationship to the grain boundary plane distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The equilibrium crystal shape of strontium titanate and its relationship to the grain boundary system, strontium titanate, is compared with the grain boundary plane dis- tribution (GBPD) as a function of temperature. Strontium titanate has a pronounced surface energy anisotropy and a grain growth anomaly

Rohrer, Gregory S.

190

A plane stress anisotropic plastic flow theory for orthotropic sheet metals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as automotive aluminum sheets. As textured sheet metals produced by hot and cold rolling exhibit significant for describing the anisotropic plastic flow of ortho- tropic polycrystalline aluminum sheet metals under plane are applied successfully to describe the anisotropic plastic flow behavior of 10 commercial aluminum alloy

Tong, Wei

191

The Fundamental Plane of Black Hole Activity in the Optical Band  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Black hole accretion and jet formation have long been thought to be scale invariant. One empirical relation suggesting scale invariance is the Fundamental Plane of Black Hole activity, which is a plane in the space given by black hole mass and the radio/X-ray luminosities. We search for an alternative version of this plane using the luminosity of [OIII] emission line instead of X-ray luminosity. We use a complete sample of 39 supermassive black holes selected from the Palomar Spectroscopic Survey with available radio and optical measurements and information on black hole mass. A sample of stellar mass X-ray binaries has also been included to examine if physical processes behind accretion is universal across the entire range of black hole mass. We present the results of multivariate regression analysis performed on the AGN sample and show that the sample stretches out as a plane in the 3D logarithmic space created by bolometric luminosity, radio luminosity and black hole mass. We reproduce the established Fund...

Saikia, Payaswini; Falcke, Heino

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Numerical simulations of heat transfer in plane channel flow Najla EL GHARBI 1, 3, a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical simulations of heat transfer in plane channel flow Najla EL GHARBI 1, 3, a , Rafik ABSI 2 abenzaoui@gmail.com Keywords: turbulent flows, heat transfer, forced convection, low Reynolds number model data for Re = 150. Introduction Turbulent flow with heat transfer mechanism is of great importance from

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

193

Automatic Bilateral Symmetry Midsagittal Plane Extraction from Pathological 3D Neuroradiological Images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, bleed, stroke of the human brain can be determined by a symmetry-based analysis of neural scans showing the brain's 3D internal structure. Detecting departures of this internal structure from its normal bilateral the ideal symmetry plane midsagittalwith respect to which the brain is invariant under re ection

194

Energy-Delay Trade-off of Wireless Data Collection in the Plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy-Delay Trade-off of Wireless Data Collection in the Plane Mihaela Mitici , Jasper Goseling and the energy needed by the devices to transmit their observations. Fundamental bounds on the energy-delay trade and ii) the transmission energy used by the wireless devices to transmit their observations, which

Boucherie, Richard J.

195

Demonstrations: blocks on planes, scales, to find coefficients of static and kinetic friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demonstrations: ·blocks on planes, scales, to find coefficients of static and kinetic friction Text: Fishbane 5-1, 5-2 Problems: 18, 21, 28, 30, 34 from Ch. 5 What's important: ·frictional forces ·coefficients of static and kinetic friction Friction Where objects move in contact with other objects, we know

Boal, David

196

Raman spectra of out-of-plane phonons in bilayer graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The double resonance Raman spectra of the overtone of the out-of-plane tangential optical (oTO) phonon and of combinations of the LO, ZO, and ZA phonons with one another are calculated for bilayer graphene. In the case of ...

Sato, Kentaro

197

Plane wave solution for elastic wave scattering by a heterogeneous fracture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plane wave solution for elastic wave scattering by a heterogeneous fracture Seiji Nakagawa,a) Kurt for computing the three-dimensional scattering of propagating elastic waves by a planar fracture with heterogeneous fracture compliance distribution is presented. This method is based upon the spatial Fourier

Santos, Juan

198

The stability of Killing-Cauchy horizons in colliding plane wave space-times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is confirmed rigorously that the Killing-Cauchy horizons, which sometimes occur in space-times representing the collision and subsequent interaction of plane gravitational waves in a Minkowski background, are unstable with respect to bounded perturbations of the initial waves, at least for the case in which the initial waves have constant aligned polarizations.

J. B. Griffiths

2005-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

199

Mid Infrared Focal Plane Arrays With Nanoscale Quantum Dots and Superlattices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mid Infrared Focal Plane Arrays With Nanoscale Quantum Dots and Superlattices S. Krishna Center- Molecular beam epitaxy, Nanoscale, Quantum Dots Superlattices, Antimonides, Mid-infrared photodetector. I. INTRODUCTION Presently, the state of the art photon detectors for the mid wave infrared (MWIR, 3-5 µm) and long

Krishna, Sanjay

200

3D-Model view characterization using equilibrium planes Adrien Theetten1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D-Model view characterization using equilibrium planes Adrien Theetten1 , Tarik Filali Ansary1 to characteristic views. Abstract We propose a new method for 3D-mesh model charac- teristic view selection. It consists in using the views that come from the equilibrium states of a 3D-model: they cor- respond

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Fractal structure of a three dimensional Brownian motion on an attractive plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consider a Brownian particle in three dimensions which is attracted by a plane with a strength proportional to some dimensionless parameter $\\alpha$. We investigate the fractal spatial structure of the visited lattice sites in a cubic lattice by the particle around and on the attractive plane. We compute the fractal dimensions of the set of visited sites both in three dimensions and on the attractive plane, as a function of the strength of attraction $\\alpha$. We also investigate the scaling properties of the size distribution of the clusters of nearest-neighbor visited sites on the attractive plane, and compute the corresponding scaling exponent $\\tau$ as a function of $\\alpha$. The fractal dimension of the curves surrounding the clusters is also computed for different values of $\\alpha$, which, in the limit $\\alpha\\rightarrow\\infty$, tends to that of the outer perimeter of planar Brownian motion i.e., the self-avoiding random walk (SAW). We find that all measured exponents depend significantly on the strength of attraction.

Abbas Ali Saberi

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

202

Copper crystals on the (1120) sapphire plane: orientation relationships, triple line ridges and interface shape equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copper crystals on the (1120) sapphire plane: orientation relationships, triple line ridges The orientation relationships (ORs) of copper crystals on a ð1120? sapphire substrate equilibrated at 1253 K are presented. They barely depend on the proce- dures used in sample preparation, i.e. dewetting of a copper

Rohrer, Gregory S.

203

The McCormack model for gas mixtures: Plane Couette flow R. D. M. Garcia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The McCormack model for gas mixtures: Plane Couette flow R. D. M. Garcia HSH Scientific Computing flow for a binary gas mixture described by the McCormack kinetic model. The solution yields, defined for binary gas mixtures in terms of the McCormack model, for semi-infinite media14 Kramers

Siewert, Charles E.

204

Vortex-vacancy interactions in two-dimensional easy-plane magnets G. M. Wysin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vortex-vacancy interactions in two-dimensional easy-plane magnets G. M. Wysin Department of Physics of a magnetic vacancy site on a nearby magnetic vortex are analyzed on square, hexagonal and triangular lattices. When the vortex is centered on a vacancy, the critical anisotropies where the stable vortex structure

Wysin, Gary

205

Search for star clusters close to the Galactic plane with DENIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An automated search for star clusters close to the Galactic plane (|b| web site as embedded clusters in HII regions. Extinction in the field and in front of the clusters are estimated using a model of population synthesis. We present the method and give the properties of these clusters.

C. Reyle; A. C. Robin

2002-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

206

RIGID FLAT WEBS ON THE PROJECTIVE PLANE DAVID MARIN AND JORGE VITORIO PEREIRA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RIGID FLAT WEBS ON THE PROJECTIVE PLANE DAVID MAR´IN AND JORGE VIT´ORIO PEREIRA Abstract the invitation of CRM at Bellaterra in July 2010. 1 #12;2 DAVID MAR´IN AND JORGE VIT ´ORIO PEREIRA for a generic

Pereira, Jorge Vitório

207

Water dimer hydrogen bond stretch, donor torsion overtone, and ``in-plane bend'' vibrations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water dimer hydrogen bond stretch, donor torsion overtone, and ``in-plane bend'' vibrations Frank N. Brown Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 Heather A. Harker and Poul B. © 2003 American Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.1614774 I. INTRODUCTION Water clusters have been

Cohen, Ronald C.

208

SUBCRITICAL INSTABILITIES IN PLANE COUETTE FLOW OF VISCO-ELASTIC FLUIDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUBCRITICAL INSTABILITIES IN PLANE COUETTE FLOW OF VISCO-ELASTIC FLUIDS Alexander N. Morozov of an eigenfunction of the linearized equations of motion becomes subcritically unstable, and the threshold value, subcritical instabilities, amplitude equation Introduction In the last decades, stability of flows of polymers

van Saarloos, Wim

209

CO (3 2) HIGH-RESOLUTION SURVEY OF THE GALACTIC PLANE: R1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the first release (R1) of data from the CO High-Resolution Survey (COHRS), which maps a strip of the inner Galactic plane in {sup 12}CO (J = 3 ? 2). The data are taken using the Heterodyne Array Receiver Programme on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) in Hawaii, which has a 14 arcsec angular resolution at this frequency. When complete, this survey will cover |b| ? 0.5 between 10 < l < 65. This first release covers |b| ? 0.5 between 10.25 < l < 17.5 and 50.25 < l < 55.25, and |b| ? 0.25 between 17.5 < l < 50.25. The data are smoothed to a velocity resolution of 1 km s{sup 1}, a spatial resolution of 16 arcsec and achieve a mean rms of ?1 K. COHRS data are available to the community online at http://dx.doi.org/10.11570/13.0002. In this paper we describe the data acquisition and reduction techniques used and present integrated intensity images and longitude-velocity maps. We also discuss the noise characteristics of the data. The high resolution is a powerful tool for morphological studies of bubbles and filaments while the velocity information shows the spiral arms and outflows. These data are intended to complement both existing and upcoming surveys, e.g., the Bolocam Galactic Plane Survey (BGPS), ATLASGAL, the Herschel Galactic Plane Survey (Hi-GAL) and the JCMT Galactic Plane Survey with SCUBA-2 (JPS)

Dempsey, J. T.; Thomas, H. S.; Currie, M. J., E-mail: j.dempsey@jach.hawaii.edu, E-mail: h.thomas@jach.hawaii.edu, E-mail: m.currie@jach.hawaii.edu [Joint Astronomy Centre, 660 N. Aohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Polarized photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy of a-plane InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells grown on r-plane sapphire  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have performed a detailed study of the impact of basal plane stacking faults (BSFs) on the optical properties of both a-plane InGaN/GaN quantum wells (QWs) and GaN template samples grown on r-sapphire. In particular, we have used polarised photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy (P-PLE) to investigate the nature of the low temperature recombination as well as extracting information on the valence band (VB) polarisation anisotropy. Our low temperature P-PLE results revealed not only excitons associated with intersubband quantum well transitions and the GaN barrier material but also a transition associated with creation of excitons in BSFs. The strength of this BSF transition varied with detection energy across the quantum well emission suggesting that there is a significant contribution to the emission line width from changes in the local electronic environment of the QWs due to interactions with BSFs. Furthermore, we observed a corresponding progressive increase in the VB splitting of the QWs as the detection energy was varied across the quantum well emission spectrum.

Kundys, D., E-mail: dmytro.kundys@manchester.ac.uk; Sutherland, D.; Badcock, T. J.; Dawson, P. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Photon Science Institute, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Schulz, S. [Photonics Theory group, Tyndall National Institute, Lee Maltings, Cork (Ireland); Oehler, F.; Kappers, M. J.; Oliver, R. A.; Humphreys, C. J. [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB3 0FS (United Kingdom)

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

211

Achieving Near Zero SSN Power Delivery Networks by Eliminating Power Planes and Using Constant Current Power Transmission Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of discontinuities such as a power plane split or multiple via holes. Even with a solid return current pathAchieving Near Zero SSN Power Delivery Networks by Eliminating Power Planes and Using Constant Current Power Transmission Lines Suzanne Huh, Daehyun Chung, and Madhavan Swaminathan Interconnect

Swaminathan, Madhavan

212

Subcritical Finite-Amplitude Solutions for Plane Couette Flow of Viscoelastic Fluids Alexander N. Morozov and Wim van Saarloos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subcritical Finite-Amplitude Solutions for Plane Couette Flow of Viscoelastic Fluids Alexander N is shown to exhibit a purely elastic subcritical instability at a very small-Reynolds number in spite. In this Letter we show that visco- elastic plane Couette flow (PCF) exhibits a subcritical instability to finite

van Saarloos, Wim

213

Realizing in-plane surface diffraction by x-ray multiple-beam diffraction with large incidence angle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on rigorous dynamical-theory calculations, we demonstrate the principle of an x-ray multiple-beam diffraction (MBD) scheme that overcomes the long-lasting difficulties of high-resolution in-plane diffraction from crystal surfaces. This scheme only utilizes symmetric reflection geometry with large incident angles but activates the out-of-plane and in-plane diffraction processes simultaneously and separately in the continuous MBD planes. The in-plane diffraction is realized by detoured MBD, where the intermediate diffracted waves propagate parallel to the surface, which corresponds to an absolute Bragg surface diffraction configuration that is extremely sensitive to surface structures. A series of MBD diffraction and imaging techniques may be developed from this principle to study surface/interface (misfit) strains, lateral nanostructures, and phase transitions of a wide range of (pseudo)cubic crystal structures, including ultrathin epitaxial films and multilayers, quantum dots, strain-engineered semiconductor or (multi)ferroic materials, etc.

Huang, Xian-Rong, E-mail: xiahuang@aps.anl.gov; Gog, Thomas; Assoufid, Lahsen [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Peng, Ru-Wen, E-mail: rwpeng@nju.edu.cn [National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures and Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Siddons, D. P. [National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

214

Field dependence of the superconducting basal plane anisotropy of TmNi2B2C  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The superconductor TmNi2B2C possesses a significant fourfold basal plane anisotropy, leading to a square vortex lattice (VL) at intermediate fields. However, unlike other members of the borocarbide superconductors, the anisotropy in TmNi2B2C appears to decrease with increasing field, evident by a reentrance of the square VL phase. We have used small-angle neutron scattering measurements of the VL to study the field dependence of the anisotropy. Our results provide a direct, quantitative measurement of the decreasing anisotropy. We attribute this reduction of the basal plane anisotropy to the strong Pauli paramagnetic effects observed in TmNi2B2C and the resulting expansion of vortex cores near Hc2.

Das, P.; Densmore, J.M.; Rastovski, C.; Schlesinger, K.J.; Laver, M.; Dewhurst, C.D.; Littrell, K.; Budko, Serguei L.; Canfield, Paul C.; Eskildsen, M.R.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Predicting the Voltage Dependence of Interfacial Electrochemical Processes at Lithium-Intercalated Graphite Edge Planes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The applied potential governs lithium-intercalation and electrode passivation reactions in lithium ion batteries, but are challenging to calibrate in condensed phase DFT calculations. In this work, the "anode potential" of charge-neutral lithium-intercalated graphite (LiC(6)) with oxidized edge planes is computed as a function of Li-content n(Li)) at edge planes, using ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD), a previously introduced Li+ transfer free energy method, and the experimental Li+/Li(s) value as reference. The voltage assignments are corroborated using explicit electron transfer from fluoroethylene carbonate radical anion markers. PF6- is shown to decompose electrochemically (i.e., not just thermally) at low potentials imposed by our voltage calibration technique. We demonstrate that excess electrons reside in localized states-in-the-gap in the organic carbonate liquid region, which is not semiconductor-like (band-state-like) as widely assumed in the literature.

Leung, Kevin

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Artificial boundary conditions for stationary Navier-Stokes flows past bodies in the half-plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss artificial boundary conditions for stationary Navier-Stokes flows past bodies in the half-plane, for a range of low Reynolds numbers. When truncating the half-plane to a finite domain for numerical purposes, artificial boundaries appear. We present an explicit Dirichlet condition for the velocity at these boundaries in terms of an asymptotic expansion for the solution to the problem. We show a substantial increase in accuracy of the computed values for drag and lift when compared with results for traditional boundary conditions. We also analyze the qualitative behavior of the solutions in terms of the streamlines of the flow. The new boundary conditions are universal in the sense that they depend on a given body only through one constant, which can be determined in a feed-back loop as part of the solution process.

Boeckle, Christoph

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Multiresolution Techniques for Interactive Texture-Based Rendering of Arbitrarily Oriented Cutting Planes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a multiresolution technique for interactive texture based rendering of arbitrarily oriented cutting planes for very large data sets. This method uses an adaptive scheme that renders the data along a cutting plane at different resolutions: higher resolution near the point-of-interest and lower resolution away from the point-of-interest. The algorithm is based on the segmentation of texture space into an octree, where the leaves of the tree define the original data and the internal nodes define lower-resolution versions. Rendering is done adaptively by selecting high-resolution cells close to a center of attention and low-resolution cells away from it. We limit the artifacts introduced by this method by blending between different levels of resolution to produce a smooth image. This technique can be used to produce viewpoint-dependent renderings.

LaMar, E; Duchaineau, M A; Hamann, B; Joy, K I

2001-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

218

Stability of tubular and autothermal packed bed reactors using phase plane analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The regions of stability and parametric sensitivity of countercurrent reactor/heat exchangers are determined explicitly in the plane of inlet feed temperature-inlet coolant temperature. The concept of phase plane analysis is generalized to include all orders of reaction rate expressions, a broader range of system parameters, and is extended to the case of autothermal reactors. An industrial hydrocarbon oxidation reactor model and an autothermal CO oxidation reactor model have been used to illustrate and to evaluate the analysis method. The approach presented here is appealing since the region of safe inlet temperatures is determined explicitly and the region of safe operation can be optimized with respect to the reactor design parameters.

Chylla, R.W. Jr.; Adomaitis, R.A.; Cinar, A.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Uniaxial in-plane magnetization of iron nanolayers grown within an amorphous matrix  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conversion electron Mssbauer spectroscopy is used to determine the magnetic ground state at zero magnetic field of four-monolayer thick amorphous iron layers as part of a CoFeB-Fe multilayer stack. By comparing the intensities of the magnetic hyperfine field, an easy in-plane axis of the amorphous embedded Fe layer is verified, which is collinear to the uniaxial anisotropy axis of the neighboring amorphous CoFeB. Despite the soft magnetic character of the Fe layers, external fields up to 4?T perpendicular to the film plane are insufficient to completely align the embedded Fe moments parallel to the magnetic field due to a local disorder of the magnetic moments of the Fe atoms.

Ghafari, M., E-mail: mohammad.ghafari@kit.edu; Hahn, H. [Herbert Gleiter Institute of Nanoscience, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094 (China); Institute of Nanotechnology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Mattheis, R. [Leibniz Institute for Photonic Technology IPHT, Jena (Germany); McCord, J. [Institute for Materials Science, Kiel University Kiel, Kaiserstrae 2, 24143 Kiel (Germany); Brand, R. A. [Institute of Nanotechnology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Macedo, W. A. A. [Laboratrio de Fsica Aplicada, Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN), 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

220

Energy-momentum distribution of a general plane symmetric spacetime in metric f(R) gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, the exact vacuum solution of a general plane symmetric spacetime is investigated in metric f(R) gravity with the assumption of constant Ricci scalar. For this solution, we have studied the generalized Landau-Lifshitz energy-momentum complex in this theory to determine the energy distribution expressions for some specific f(R) models. Also, we show that these models satisfy the constant curvature condition.

Morteza Yavari

2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Quantum Hall Effect In Bilayer Systems And The Noncommutative Plane: A Toy Model Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have presented a quantum mechanical toy model for the study of Coulomb interactions in Quantum Hall (QH) system. Inclusion of Coulomb interaction is essential for the study of {\\it{bilayer}} QH system and our model can simulate it, in the compound state, in a perturbative framework. We also show that in the noncommutative plane, the Coulomb interaction is modified at a higher order in the noncommutativity parameter $\\theta$, and only if $\\theta$ varies from layer to layer in the QH system.

B. Basu; Subir Ghosh

2005-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

222

Designing stable finite state machine behaviors using phase plane analysis and variable structure control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses how phase plane analysis can be used to describe the overall behavior of single and multiple autonomous robotic vehicles with finite state machine rules. The importance of this result is that one can begin to design provably asymptotically stable group behaviors from a set of simple control laws and appropriate switching points with decentralized variable structure control. The ability to prove asymptotically stable group behavior is especially important for applications such as locating military targets or land mines.

Feddema, J.T.; Robinett, R.D.; Driessen, B.J.

1998-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

223

The Sun's displacement from the galactic plane from spectroscopic parallaxes of 2400 OB stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Sun's vertical displacement from the galactic plane is determined model-independently from 3457 spectroscopic-parallax distance estimates for 2397 OB stars within 1200 pc of the Sun. The result, 19.5 +/- 2.2 pc, agrees well with other recent determinations. The distribution of stellar z-values with galactic longitude shows a slight sinusoidal dependence with an amplitude of about 26 pc.

B. Cameron Reed

2005-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

224

Pump-probe measurements of the thermal conductivity tensor for materials lacking in-plane symmetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We previously demonstrated an extension of time-domain thermoreflectance (TDTR) which utilizes offset pump and probe laser locations to measure in-plane thermal transport properties of multilayers. However, the technique was limited to systems of transversely isotropic materials studied using axisymmetric laser intensities. Here, we extend the mathematics so that data reduction can be performed on non-transversely isotropic systems. An analytic solution of the diffusion equation for an N-layer system is given, where each layer has a homogenous but otherwise arbitrary thermal conductivity tensor and the illuminating spots have arbitrary intensity profiles. As a demonstration, we use both TDTR and time-resolved magneto-optic Kerr effect measurements to obtain thermal conductivity tensor elements of <110> ?-SiO{sub 2}. We show that the out-of-phase beam offset sweep has full-width half-maxima that contains nearly independent sensitivity to the in-plane thermal conductivity corresponding to the scanning direction. Also, we demonstrate a Nb-V alloy as a low thermal conductivity TDTR transducer layer that helps improve the accuracy of in-plane measurements.

Feser, Joseph P. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); Liu, Jun; Cahill, David G. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, and Frederick-Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

225

Solution to the Boltzmann equation for layered systems for current perpendicular to the planes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Present theories of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) for current perpendicular to the planes (CPP) are based on an extremely restricted solution to the Boltzmann equation that assumes a single free electron band structure for all layers and all spin channels. Within this model only the scattering rate changes from one layer to the next. This model leads to the remarkable result that the resistance of a layered material is simply the sum of the resistances of each layer. We present a solution to the Boltzmann equation for CPP for the case in which the electronic structure can be different for different layers. The problem of matching boundary conditions between layers is much more complicated than in the current in the planes (CIP) geometry because it is necessary to include the scattering-in term of the Boltzmann equation even for the case of isotropic scattering. This term couples different values of the momentum parallel to the planes. When the electronic structure is different in different layers there is an interface resistance even in the absence of intermixing of the layers. The size of this interface resistance is affected by the electronic structure, scattering rates, and thicknesses of nearby layers. For Co-Cu, the calculated interface resistance and its spin asymmetry is comparable to that measured at low temperature in sputtered samples. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.

Butler, W. H. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Zhang, X.-G. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); MacLaren, J. M. [Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70018 (United States)] [Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70018 (United States)

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Method and system of measuring ultrasonic signals in the plane of a moving web  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved system for measuring the velocity of ultrasonic signals within the plane of moving web-like materials, such as paper, paperboard and the like is disclosed. In addition to velocity measurements of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web in the machine direction, MD, and a cross direction, CD, generally perpendicular to the direction of the traveling web, therefore, one embodiment of the system in accordance with the present invention is also adapted to provide on-line indication of the polar specific stiffness of the moving web. In another embodiment of the invention, the velocity of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web are measured by way of a plurality of ultrasonic transducers carried by synchronously driven wheels or cylinders, thus eliminating undue transducer wear due to any speed differences between the transducers and the web. In order to provide relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the webs, the transducers are mounted in a sensor housings which include a spring for biasing the transducer radially outwardly. The sensor housings are adapted to be easily and conveniently mounted to the carrier to provide a relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the moving web. 37 figs.

Hall, M.S.; Jackson, T.G.; Wink, W.A.; Knerr, C.

1996-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

227

On plane-wave relativistic electrodynamics in plasmas and in vacuum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We revisit the exact microscopic equations (in differential, and equivalent integral form) ruling a relativistic cold plasma after the plane-wave Ansatz, without customary approximations. We show that in the Eulerian description the motion of a very diluted plasma initially at rest and excited by an arbitrary transverse plane electromagnetic travelling-wave has a very simple and explicit dependence on the transverse electromagnetic potential; for a non-zero density plasma the above motion is a good approximation of the real one as long as the back-reaction of the charges on the electromagnetic field can be neglected, i.e. for a time lapse decreasing with the plasma density, and can be used as initial step in an iterative resolution scheme. As one of many possible applications, we use these results to describe how the ponderomotive force of a very intense and short plane laser pulse hitting normally the surface of a plasma boosts the surface electrons into the ion background. Because of this penetration the electrons are then pulled back by the electric force exerted by the ions and may leave the plasma with high energy in the direction opposite to that of propagation of the pulse [G. Fiore, R. Fedele, U. De Angelis, "The slingshot effect: a possible new laser-driven high energy acceleration mechanism for electrons", arXiv:1309.1400].

Gaetano Fiore

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

228

Nonlinear transverse cascade and two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic subcritical turbulence in plane shear flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We find and investigate via numerical simulations self-sustained two-dimensional turbulence in a magnetohydrodynamic flow with a maximally simple configuration: plane, noninflectional (with a constant shear of velocity) and threaded by a parallel uniform background magnetic field. This flow is spectrally stable, so the turbulence is subcritical by nature and hence it can be energetically supported just by transient growth mechanism due to shear flow nonnormality. This mechanism appears to be essentially anisotropic in spectral (wavenumber) plane and operates mainly for spatial Fourier harmonics with streamwise wavenumbers less than a ratio of flow shear to the Alfv\\'{e}n speed, $k_y < S/u_A$ (i.e., the Alfv\\'{e}n frequency is lower than the shear rate). We focused on the analysis of the character of nonlinear processes and underlying self-sustaining scheme of the turbulence, i.e., on the interplay between linear transient growth and nonlinear processes, in spectral plane. Our study, being concerned with a ...

Mamatsashvili, G R; Chagelishvili, G D; Horton, W

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

JOURNAL OF OPTIMIZATION THEORY AND APPLICATIONS: Vol. 102, No. 3, pp. 497-524, SEPTEMBER 1999 Convergent Cutting-Plane and Partial-Sampling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Multistage stochastic programming, cutting planes, sam- pling, convergence with probability one. 1 Convergent Cutting-Plane and Partial-Sampling Algorithm for Multistage Stochastic Linear Programs for multistage stochastic linear programs with recourse where random quantities in different stages

Powell, Warren B.

230

Investigation of Turbulent transition in plane Couette flows Using Energy Gradient Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energy gradient method has been proposed with the aim of better understanding the mechanism of flow transition from laminar flow to turbulent flow. In this method, it is demonstrated that the transition to turbulence depends on the relative magnitudes of the transverse gradient of the total mechanical energy which amplifies the disturbance and the energy loss from viscous friction which damps the disturbance, for given imposed disturbance. For a given flow geometry and fluid properties, when the maximum of the function K (a function standing for the ratio of the gradient of total mechanical energy in the transverse direction to the rate of energy loss due to viscous friction in the streamwise direction) in the flow field is larger than a certain critical value, it is expected that instability would occur for some initial disturbances. In this paper, using the energy gradient analysis, the equation for calculating the energy gradient function K for plane Couette flow is derived. The result indicates that K reaches the maximum at the moving walls. Thus, the fluid layer near the moving wall is the most dangerous position to generate initial oscillation at sufficient high Re for given same level of normalized perturbation in the domain. The critical value of K at turbulent transition, which is observed from experiments, is about 370 for plane Couette flow when two walls move in opposite directions (anti-symmetry). This value is about the same as that for plane Poiseuille flow and pipe Poiseuille flow (385-389). Therefore, it is concluded that the critical value of K at turbulent transition is about 370-389 for wall-bounded parallel shear flows which include both pressure (symmetrical case) and shear driven flows (anti-symmetrical case).

Hua-Shu Dou; Boo Cheong Khoo

2010-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

231

THE BOLOCAM GALACTIC PLANE SURVEY. VIII. A MID-INFRARED KINEMATIC DISTANCE DISCRIMINATION METHOD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a new distance estimation method for dust-continuum-identified molecular cloud clumps. Recent (sub-)millimeter Galactic plane surveys have cataloged tens of thousands of these objects, plausible precursors to stellar clusters, but detailed study of their physical properties requires robust distance determinations. We derive Bayesian distance probability density functions (DPDFs) for 770 objects from the Bolocam Galactic Plane Survey in the Galactic longitude range 7. Degree-Sign 5 {<=} l {<=} 65 Degree-Sign . The DPDF formalism is based on kinematic distances, and uses any number of external data sets to place prior distance probabilities to resolve the kinematic distance ambiguity (KDA) for objects in the inner Galaxy. We present here priors related to the mid-infrared absorption of dust in dense molecular regions and the distribution of molecular gas in the Galactic disk. By assuming a numerical model of Galactic mid-infrared emission and simple radiative transfer, we match the morphology of (sub-)millimeter thermal dust emission with mid-infrared absorption to compute a prior DPDF for distance discrimination. Selecting objects first from (sub-)millimeter source catalogs avoids a bias towards the darkest infrared dark clouds (IRDCs) and extends the range of heliocentric distance probed by mid-infrared extinction and includes lower-contrast sources. We derive well-constrained KDA resolutions for 618 molecular cloud clumps, with approximately 15% placed at or beyond the tangent distance. Objects with mid-infrared contrast sufficient to be cataloged as IRDCs are generally placed at the near kinematic distance. Distance comparisons with Galactic Ring Survey KDA resolutions yield a 92% agreement. A face-on view of the Milky Way using resolved distances reveals sections of the Sagittarius and Scutum-Centaurus Arms. This KDA-resolution method for large catalogs of sources through the combination of (sub-)millimeter and mid-infrared observations of molecular cloud clumps is generally applicable to other dust-continuum Galactic plane surveys.

Ellsworth-Bowers, Timothy P.; Glenn, Jason; Battersby, Cara; Ginsburg, Adam; Bally, John [CASA, University of Colorado, UCB 389, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Rosolowsky, Erik [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia Okanagan, 3333 University Way, Kelowna, BC V1V 1V7 (Canada); Mairs, Steven [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, Victoria, BC V8P 1A1 (Canada); Evans, Neal J. II [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas, 1 University Station C1400, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Shirley, Yancy L., E-mail: timothy.ellsworthbowers@colorado.edu [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

232

On the Doubly Refined Enumeration of Alternating Sign Matrices and Totally Symmetric Self-Complementary Plane Partitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove the equality of doubly refined enumerations of Alternating Sign Matrices and of Totally Symmetric Self-Complementary Plane Partitions using integral formulae originating from certain solutions of the quantum Knizhnik--Zamolodchikov equation.

T. Fonseca; P. Zinn-Justin

2008-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

233

Energy of gravitational radiation in plane-symmetric space-times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravitational radiation in plane-symmetric space-times can be encoded in a complex potential, satisfying a non-linear wave equation. An effective energy tensor for the radiation is given, taking a scalar-field form in terms of the potential, entering the field equations in the same way as the matter energy tensor. It reduces to the Isaacson energy tensor in the linearized, high-frequency approximation. An energy conservation equation is derived for a quasi-local energy, essentially the Hawking energy. A transverse pressure exerted by interacting low-frequency gravitational radiation is predicted.

Sean A. Hayward

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

234

Milnor-Wood inequalities for manifolds locally isometric to a product of hyperbolic planes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This note describes sharp Milnor--Wood inequalities for the Euler number of flat oriented vector bundles over closed Riemannian manifolds locally isometric to products of hyperbolic planes. One consequence is that such manifolds do not admit an affine structure, confirming Chern--Sullivan's conjecture in this case. The manifolds under consideration are of particular interest, since in contrary to many other locally symmetric spaces they do admit flat vector bundle of the corresponding dimension. When the manifold is irreducible and of higher rank, it is shown that flat oriented vector bundles are determined completely by the sign of the Euler number.

Bucher, Michelle

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Mean field theory and coherent structures for vortex dynamics on the plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new derivation of the Onsager-Joyce-Montgomery (OJM) equilibrium statistical theory for point vortices on the plane, using the Bogoliubov-Feynman inequality for the free energy, Gibbs entropy function and Landau's approximation. This formulation links the heuristic OJM theory to the modern variational mean field theories. Landau's approximation is the physical counterpart of a large deviation result, which states that the maximum entropy state does not only have maximal probability measure but overwhelmingly large measure relative to other macrostates.

Chjan C. Lim

1999-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

236

Quantum LDPC Codes Constructed from Point-Line Subsets of the Finite Projective Plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to their fast decoding algorithms, quantum generalizations of low-density parity check, or LDPC, codes have been investigated as a solution to the problem of decoherence in fragile quantum states. However, the additional twisted inner product requirements of quantum stabilizer codes force four-cycles and eliminate the possibility of randomly generated quantum LDPC codes. Moreover, the classes of quantum LDPC codes discovered thus far generally have unknown or small minimum distance, or a fixed rate. This paper presents several new classes of quantum LDPC codes constructed from finite projective planes. These codes have rates that increase with the block length $n$ and minimum weights proportional to $n^{1/2}$.

Jacob Farinholt

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

237

Classification of Static Plane Symmetric Spacetimes according to their Matter Collineations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we classify static plane symmetric spacetimes according to their matter collineations. These have been studied for both cases when the energy-momentum tensor is non-degenerate and also when it is degenerate. It turns out that the non-degenerate case yields either {\\it four}, {\\it five}, {\\it six}, {\\it seven} or {\\it ten} independent matter collineations in which {\\it four} are isometries and the rest are proper. There exists three interesting cases where the energy-momentum tensor is degenerate but the group of matter collineations is finite-dimensional. The matter collineations in these cases are either {\\it four}, {\\it six} or {\\it ten

M. Sharif

2003-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

238

LOCFES-NL: a tool for testing nonlinear spatial approximations to neutron transport in plane-parallel geometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1997 Major Subject:Nuclear Engineering LOCFES-NL: A TOOL FOR TESTING NONLINEAR SPATIAL APPROXIMATIONS TO NEUTRON TRANSPORT IN PLANE-PARALLEL GEOMETRY A Thesis by STEVEN DOUGLAS NOLEN Submitted...) John . Poston, Sr. (Head of Department) December 1997 Major Subject: Nuclear Engineering ABSTRACT LOCFES-NL: A Tool for Testing Nonlinear Spatial Approximations to Neutron Transport in Plane-Parallel Geometry. (December 1997) Steven Douglas Nolen...

Nolen, Steven Douglas

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Stroke plane deviation for a microrobotic fly Benjamin M. Finio, Student Member, IEEE, John P. Whitney and Robert J. Wood, Member, IEEE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stroke plane deviation for a microrobotic fly Benjamin M. Finio, Student Member, IEEE, John P (MAVs) is restricted to a flat stroke plane in order to simplify analysis and mechanism design. An MAV stroke plane using relatively simple modifications to a proven design is presented. This allows

Wood, Robert

240

Airoport(City,Country,NumberOfRunways) Flight(FlightID,Day,DepartCity,DepartTime,ArrCity,ArrTime,PlaneType)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Sidney leave, in alphabetical order. 7. The number of international flights that leave Boston on Thursday the airports without international flight and one not) 9. The French cities from which more than twenty directCity,DepartTime,ArrCity,ArrTime,PlaneType) Plane(PlaneType,NumberOfPassengers) 1. The cities with airport for which the number of runways

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Diffraction Phenomena with CO-Axial Plane Piston Transducers A. Goldstein",D. R. Gandhi*, W. D. O'Brien, Jr.'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diffraction Phenomena with CO-Axial Plane Piston Transducers A. Goldstein",D. R. Gandhi*, W. D. O, circular plane piston transducers. The transient and steady-state relations [11for the various maxima of Beissner an The unfocused circular plane piston effective radius can be determined accurately from

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

242

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SPEECH AND AUDIO PROCESSING, VOL. 9, NO. 6, SEPTEMBER 2001 697 Reproduction of a Plane-Wave Sound Field Using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a Plane-Wave Sound Field Using an Array of Loudspeakers Darren B. Ward, Member, IEEE, and Thushara D on how well an array of loudspeakers can recreate a three-dimen- sional (3-D) plane-wave sound field problem of reproducing a plane-wave sound field in free space.1 Specifically, we develop a rela- tionship

Abhayapala, Thushara D.

243

Stress-energy tensor in colliding plane wave space-times: An approximation procedure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a recent work on the quantization of a massless scalar field in a particular colliding plane wave space-time, we computed the vacuum expectation value of the stress-energy tensor on the physical state which corresponds to the Minkowski vacuum before the collision of the waves. We did such a calculation in a region close to both the Killing-Cauchy horizon and the folding singularities that such a space-time contains. In the present paper, we give a suitable approximation procedure to compute this expectation value, in the conformal coupling case, throughout the causal past of the center of the collision. This will allow us to approximately study the evolution of such an expectation value from the beginning of the collision until the formation of the Killing-Cauchy horizon. We start with a null expectation value before the arrival of the waves, which then acquires nonzero values at the beginning of the collision and grows unbounded towards the Killing-Cauchy horizon. The value near the horizon is compatible with our previous result, which means that such an approximation may be applied to other colliding plane wave space-times. Even with this approximation, the initial modes propagated into the interaction region contain a function which cannot be calculated exactly and to ensure the correct regularization of the stress-energy tensor with the point-splitting technique, this function must be given up to adiabatic order four of approximation.

Miquel Dorca

1997-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

244

Environmental study of the National Aerospace Plane. Final report, 1 December 1991-30 December 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of the United States (US) National Aero-Space Plane (NASP) Program is to develop hypersonic technologies required for future military and Civilian aerospace plane systems to reduce payload cost to orbit and provide for flexible-responsive space operations. If successful, the NASP Program will be the stimulus for developing a whole new class of airbreathing hypersonic aircraft powered by clean-burning scramjet engines using liquid hydrogen as the primary fuel. As part of this development, the potential to cause environmental impacts from these type of vehicles must be considered and analyzed. This process has been initiated using the NASP Program's proposed X-30 flight research vehicle and flight test program as a basis for analysis. Environmental issues addressed include noise and sonic booms, stratospheric ozone depletion, public health and safety, hazardous materials/waste, air quality, biological and cultural resources, geology and soils, and water use. Although this study is not yet complete, preliminary analysis has determined that the X-30 vehicle and flight test program would have minimal environmental impact.

Brown, C.; Wierzbanowski, T.; Reda, H.; Duecker, G.T.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Applications of Lie-Hamilton systems on the plane: Cayley-Klein Riccati equations and beyond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Lie-Hamilton system is a nonautonomous system of first-order ordinary differential equations describing the integral curves of a $t$-dependent vector field taking values in a finite-dimensional real Lie algebra of Hamiltonian vector fields with respect to a Poisson structure. After reviewing the classification of finite-dimensional real Lie algebras of Hamiltonian vector fields on $\\mathbb{R}^2$, we present new Lie-Hamilton systems on the plane with physical, biological and mathematical applications. New results cover Cayley-Klein Riccati equations, the hereafter called planar diffusion Riccati systems and complex Bernoulli equations, all of them with $t$-dependent real coefficients. Furthermore, we study the existence of local diffeomorphisms among new and already known Lie-Hamilton systems on the plane. In particular, we show that the Cayley-Klein Riccati equations describe as particular cases well-known coupled Riccati equations, second-order Kummer-Schwarz equations, Milne-Pinney equations, the harmonic oscillator with $t$-dependent frequency and other systems of physical and mathematical relevance.

F. J. Herranz; J. de Lucas; C. Sardon

2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

246

Discovery of a GeV Blazar Shining Through the Galactic Plane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) discovered a new gamma-ray source near the Galactic plane, Fermi J0109+6134, when it flared brightly in 2010 February. The low Galactic latitude (b = -1.2{sup o}) indicated that the source could be located within the Galaxy, which motivated rapid multi-wavelength follow-up including radio, optical, and X-ray observations. We report the results of analyzing all 19 months of LAT data for the source, and of X-ray observations with both Swift and the Chandra X-ray Observatory. We determined the source redshift, z = 0.783, using a Keck LRIS observation. Finally, we compiled a broadband spectral energy distribution (SED) from both historical and new observations contemporaneous with the 2010 February flare. The redshift, SED, optical line width, X-ray obsorption, and multi-band variability indicate that this new Gev source is a blazar seen through the Galactic plane. Because several of the optical emission lines have equivalent width > 5 {angstrom}, this blazar belongs in the flat-spectrum radio quasar category.

Vandenbroucke, J.; Buehler, R.; Ajello, M.; Bechtol, K.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Bellini, A.; /Padua U., Astron. Dept. /Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci.; Bolte, M.; /UC, Santa Cruz; Cheung, C.C.; /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /NAS, Washington, D.C.; Civano, F.; /Smithsonian Astrophys. Observ.; Donato, D.; /NASA, Goddard; Fuhrmann, L.; /Bonn, Max Planck Inst., Radioastron.; Funk, S.; Healey, S.E.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Hill, A.B.; /Joseph Fourier U.; Knigge, C.; /Southampton U.; Madejski, G.M.; Romani, R.W.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Santander-Garcia, M.; /IAC, La Laguna /Isaac Newton Group /Laguna U., Tenerife; Shaw, M.S.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Steeghs, D.; /Warwick U.; Torres, M.A.P.; /Smithsonian Astrophys. Observ.; Van Etten, A.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC /Texas U., Astron. Dept.

2011-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

247

Interlaboratory comparison of four heat flow meter apparatuses on planed polyisocyanurate boards foamed with CFC-11  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes an interlaboratory comparison of apparent thermal conductivity (k) results on planed polyisocyanurate (PIR) boards foamed with chlorofluorocarbon-11 (CFC-11). Sequential tests were conducted at 75{degrees}F (24{degrees}C) at four facilities on two rigid (PIR) boards, individually and as a pair, using four comparative heat flow meter apparatuses. The specimens were shipped from lab to lab, and testing yielded 15 k-values that have two standard deviation (2 {alpha}) value of 2.2% when described by: k(Btu{center dot}in./h{center dot}ft{sup 2}{center dot}F) = 0/1365 + 1.15 {times} 10{sup {minus}4} t k(W/m{center dot}K) = 0.0197 + 1.66 {times} 10{sup {minus}5} t, where t is the elapsed time in days after planing of the boards. An increased 2 {sigma} value for board 2 may be associated with a larger variation in thickness. The 15 thermal conductance (C) values have a 2 {sigma} value of 3.2% when described by: C(Btu/H{center dot}h{center dot}{sup 2}{center dot}{degrees}F) = 0.1069 + 1.20 {times} 10{sup {minus}4} t. Thus, the 2 {sigma} (k-values) of the interlaboratory comparison is not reduced by comparing C values. 5 refs., 1 fig., 8 tabs.

Graves, R.S.; McElroy, D.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Miller, R.G. (Walter (Jim) Research Corp., St. Petersburg, FL (USA)); Yarbrough, D.W. (Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (USA)); Zarr, R.R. (National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (USA))

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Parallel Implementation of Gamma-Point Pseudopotential Plane-Wave DFT with Exact Exchange  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the more persistent failures of conventional density functional theory (DFT) methods has been their failure to yield localized charge states such as polarons, excitons and solitons in solid-state and extended systems. It has been suggested that conventional DFT functionals, which are not self-interaction free, tend to favor delocalized electronic states since self-interaction creates a Coulomb barrier to charge localization. Pragmatic approaches in which the exchange correlation functionals are augmented with small amount of exact exchange (hybrid-DFT, e.g. B3LYP and PBE0) have shown promise in localizing charge states and predicting accurate band gaps and reaction barriers. We have developed a parallel algorithm for implementing exact exchange into pseudopotential plane-wave density functional theory and we have implemented it in the NWChem program package. The technique developed can readily be employed in plane-wave DFT programs. Furthermore, atomic forces and stresses are straightforward to implement, making it applicable to both confined and extended systems, as well as to Car-Parrinello ab initio molecular dynamic simulations. This method has been applied to several systems for which conventional DFT methods do not work well, including calculations for band gaps in oxides and the electronic structure of a charge trapped state in the Fe(II) containing mica, annite.

Bylaska, Eric J.; Tsemekhman, Kiril L.; Baden, Scott B.; Weare, John H.; Jonsson, Hannes

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

249

Assessment of approximate computational methods for conical intersections and branching plane vectors in organic molecules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum-chemical computational methods are benchmarked for their ability to describe conical intersections in a series of organic molecules and models of biological chromophores. Reference results for the geometries, relative energies, and branching planes of conical intersections are obtained using ab initio multireference configuration interaction with single and double excitations (MRCISD). They are compared with the results from more approximate methods, namely, the state-interaction state-averaged restricted ensemble-referenced Kohn-Sham method, spin-flip time-dependent density functional theory, and a semiempirical MRCISD approach using an orthogonalization-corrected model. It is demonstrated that these approximate methods reproduce the ab initio reference data very well, with root-mean-square deviations in the optimized geometries of the order of 0.1 or less and with reasonable agreement in the computed relative energies. A detailed analysis of the branching plane vectors shows that all currently applied methods yield similar nuclear displacements for escaping the strong non-adiabatic coupling region near the conical intersections. Our comparisons support the use of the tested quantum-chemical methods for modeling the photochemistry of large organic and biological systems.

Nikiforov, Alexander; Gamez, Jose A.; Thiel, Walter [Max-Planck-Institut fr Kohlenforschung, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Platz 1, D-45470 Mlheim an der Ruhr (Germany); Huix-Rotllant, Miquel [Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Goethe University Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Str. 7, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Filatov, Michael, E-mail: mike.filatov@gmail.com [Mulliken Center for Theoretical Chemistry, Institut fr Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Universitt Bonn, Beringstr. 4, D-53115 Bonn (Germany)

2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

250

Building America Case Study: Measure Guideline: Guidance on Taped Insulating Sheathing Drainage Planes (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This guide provides information and recommendations to the following groups: Insulation contractors, General contractors, Builders, Home remodelers, Mechanical contractors, and Homeowners as a guide to the work that needs to be done. The order of work completed during home construction and retrofit improvements is important. Health and safety issues must be addressed first and are more important than durability issues. And durability issues are more important than saving energy. Not all techniques can apply to all houses. Special conditions will require special action. Some builders or homeowners will wish to do more than the important but basic retrofit strategies outlined by this guide. The following are best practice and product recommendations from the interviewed contractors and home builders who collectively have a vast amount of experience. Three significant items were discussed with the group which are required to make taped insulating sheathing a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane: 4. Horizontal joints should be limited or eliminated wherever possible 5. Where a horizontal joint exists use superior materials 6. Frequent installation inspection and regular trade training are required to maintain proper installation Section 5 of this measure guideline contains the detailed construction procedure for the three recommended methods to effectively seal the joints in exterior insulating sheathing to create a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane.

Not Available

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Ginzburg--Landau description of laminar-turbulent oblique band formation in transitional plane Couette flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plane Couette flow, the flow between two parallel planes moving in opposite directions, is an example of wall-bounded flow experiencing a transition to turbulence with an ordered coexistence of turbulent and laminar domains in some range of Reynolds numbers [R_g,R_t]. When the aspect-ratio is sufficiently large, this coexistence occurs in the form of alternately turbulent and laminar oblique bands. As R goes up trough the upper threshold R_t, the bands disappear progressively to leave room to a uniform regime of featureless turbulence. This continuous transition is studied here by means of under-resolved numerical simulations understood as a modelling approach adapted to the long time, large aspect-ratio limit. The state of the system is quantitatively characterised using standard observables (turbulent fraction and turbulence intensity inside the bands). A pair of complex order parameters is defined for the pattern which is further analysed within a standard Ginzburg--Landau formalism. Coefficients of the mo...

Rolland, Joran

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Lateral forces on nanoparticles near a surface under circularly-polarized plane-wave illumination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical forces allow manipulation of small particles and control of nanophotonic structures with light beams. Here, we describe a counter-intuitive lateral optical force acting on particles placed above a substrate, under uniform plane wave illumination without any field gradients. We show that under circularly-polarized illumination, nanoparticles experience a lateral force as a result of dipolar, spin-sensitive scattering, with a magnitude comparable to other optical forces. To this end, we rigorously calculate the force experienced by a circularly polarized dipole radiating above a surface. Unlike for linearly-polarized dipoles, force components parallel to the surface can exist, caused by the recoil of unidirectional guided modes excited at the surface and/or by dipole-dipole interactions with the induced image dipole. These results were presented and discussed in conferences [1] and [2].

Rodrguez-Fortuo, Francisco J; Engheta, Nader; Zayats, Anatoly V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Nonlocal effects in angular dependence of in-plane magnetization of tetragonal superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reversible magnetization {ital M} of Lu(Ni{sub 1{minus}x}Co{sub x}){sub 2}B{sub 2}C with x=0 and 0.06 is measured in a broad temperature domain as a function of field orientation {theta} in the basal crystal plane. The data are interpreted within London theory extended for nonlocality of the current-field relation in superconductors. The dependence M({theta}) diminishes on warming, vanishes at T{sup {asterisk}}{lt}T{sub c}, and changes sign for T{gt}T{sup {asterisk}}. The low-T sign is opposite to what is expected from the known angular dependence of the upper critical field and therefore cannot be attributed to the latter. Upon doping with Co, the effect disappears with decreasing mean-free path in agreement with theory. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

Kogan, V.G.; Budko, S.L.; Canfield, P.C. [Ames Laboratory--DOE and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)] [Ames Laboratory--DOE and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States); Miranovic, P. [Department of Physics, University of Montenegro, Podgorica (Yugoslavia)] [Department of Physics, University of Montenegro, Podgorica (Yugoslavia)

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Sedimentation stacking diagram of binary colloidal mixtures and bulk phases in the plane of chemical potentials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a full account of a recently proposed theory that explicitly relates the bulk phase diagram of a binary colloidal mixture to its phase stacking phenomenology under gravity [Soft Matter 9, 8636 (2013)]. As we demonstrate, the full set of possible phase stacking sequences in sedimentation-diffusion equilibrium originates from straight lines (sedimentation paths) in the chemical potential representation of the bulk phase diagram. From the analysis of various standard topologies of bulk phase diagrams, we conclude that the corresponding sedimentation stacking diagrams can be very rich, even more so when finite sample height is taken into account. We apply the theory to obtain the stacking diagram of a mixture of nonadsorbing polymers and colloids. We also present a catalog of generic phase diagrams in the plane of chemical potentials in order to facilitate the practical application of our concept, which also generalizes to multi component mixtures.

Daniel de las Heras; Matthias Schmidt

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

255

Fast plane wave density functional theory molecular dynamics calculations on multi-GPU machines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plane wave pseudopotential (PWP) density functional theory (DFT) calculation is the most widely used method for material simulations, but its absolute speed stagnated due to the inability to use large scale CPU based computers. By a drastic redesign of the algorithm, and moving all the major computation parts into GPU, we have reached a speed of 12 s per molecular dynamics (MD) step for a 512 atom system using 256 GPU cards. This is about 20 times faster than the CPU version of the code regardless of the number of CPU cores used. Our tests and analysis on different GPU platforms and configurations shed lights on the optimal GPU deployments for PWP-DFT calculations. An 1800 step MD simulation is used to study the liquid phase properties of GaInP.

Jia, Weile, E-mail: jiawl@sccas.cn [Supercomputing Center, Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 4 South 4th Street, ZhongGuanCun, Beijing 100190 (China) [Supercomputing Center, Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 4 South 4th Street, ZhongGuanCun, Beijing 100190 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); Fu, Jiyun, E-mail: fujy@sccas.cn [Supercomputing Center, Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 4 South 4th Street, ZhongGuanCun, Beijing 100190 (China) [Supercomputing Center, Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 4 South 4th Street, ZhongGuanCun, Beijing 100190 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); Cao, Zongyan, E-mail: zycao@sccas.cn [Supercomputing Center, Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 4 South 4th Street, ZhongGuanCun, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Supercomputing Center, Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 4 South 4th Street, ZhongGuanCun, Beijing 100190 (China); Wang, Long, E-mail: wangl@sccas.cn [Supercomputing Center, Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 4 South 4th Street, ZhongGuanCun, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Supercomputing Center, Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 4 South 4th Street, ZhongGuanCun, Beijing 100190 (China); Chi, Xuebin, E-mail: chi@sccas.cn [Supercomputing Center, Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 4 South 4th Street, ZhongGuanCun, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Supercomputing Center, Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 4 South 4th Street, ZhongGuanCun, Beijing 100190 (China); Gao, Weiguo, E-mail: wggao@fudan.edu.cn [School of Mathematical Sciences, Fudan University, 220 Handan Road, Shanghai 200433 (China) [School of Mathematical Sciences, Fudan University, 220 Handan Road, Shanghai 200433 (China); MOE Key Laboratory of Computational Physical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai (China); Wang, Lin-Wang, E-mail: lwwang@lbl.gov [Material Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road Mail Stop 50F Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)] [Material Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road Mail Stop 50F Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

256

Rossby wave radiation by an eddy on the polar beta-plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results from the laboratory experiments on the evolution of vortices (eddies) generated in a rotating tank with topographic beta-effect are presented. The surface elevation and velocity fields are measured by the Altimetric Imaging Velocimetry. The experiments are supplemented by shallow water numerical simulations as well as a linear theory which describes the Rossby wave radiation by travelling vortices. The cyclonic vortices observed in the experiments travel to the northwest and continuously radiate Rossby waves. Measurements show that initially axisymmetric vortices develop a dipolar component which enables them to perform translational motion. A pattern of alternating zonal jets to the west of the vortex is created by Rossby waves with approximately zonal crests. Energy spectra of the flows in the wavenumber space indicate that a wavenumber similar to that introduced by Rhines for turbulent flows on the beta-plane can be introduced here. The wavenumber is based on the translational speed of a vortex rat...

Zhang, Yang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Discovery of Diffuse TeV Gamma-Ray Emission from the Galactic Plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma-ray emission from a narrow band at the Galactic equator has previously been detected up to 30 GeV. We report the first observation of a diffuse Galactic plane gamma-ray signal at TeV energies by Milagro, a large field of view water Cherenkov detector for extensive air showers. An excess with a significance of 4.5 sigma has been observed from the region of Galactic longitude 40 1TeV) = 5.1 +/-1.0 +/-1.7 10^{-10} cm^{-2}s^{-1} sr^{-1}$. This flux is below, but consistent with, an extrapolation of the EGRET spectrum between 1 and 30 GeV in this Galactic region.

Fleysher, R; Benbow, W; Berley, D; Blaufuss, E; Coyne, D G; De Young, T R; Dingus, B L; Dorfan, D E; Ellsworth, R W; Fleysher, L; Gisler, G; Gonzlez, M M; Goodman, J A; Haines, T J; Hays, E; Hoffman, C M; Kelley, L A; Lansdell, C P; Linnemann, J T; McEnery, J E; Miller, R S; Mincer, A I; Morales, M F; Nmethy, P; Noyes, D; Ryan, J M; Samuelson, F W; Saz-Parkinson, P M; Shoup, A; Sinnis, G; Smith, A J; Sullivan, G W; Williams, D A; Wilson, M E; Xu, X W; Yodh, G B

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Reaction Plane and Beam Energy Dependence Of The Balance Function at RHIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The balance function, which measures the correlation between opposite sign charge pairs, is sensitive to the mechanisms of charge formation and the subsequent relative diffusion of the balancing charges. The study of the balance function can provide information about charge creation time as well as the subsequent collective behavior of particles. In this paper, we present a reaction-plane-dependent balance function study for Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 200 GeV and compare with results from recent three particle correlation measurements. We also report balance functions for relative pseudorapidity ($\\Delta \\eta$), relative rapidity ($\\Delta y$), and relative azimuthal angle ($\\Delta \\phi$) from the recent RHIC beam energy scan data.

Hui Wang; for the STAR collaboration

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Non-minimally coupled scalar field cosmology on the phase plane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this publication we investigate dynamics of a flat FRW cosmological model with a non-minimally coupled scalar field with the coupling term {xi}R{psi}{sup 2} in the scalar field action. The quadratic potential function V({psi}) {proportional_to} {psi}{sup 2} is assumed. All the evolutional paths are visualized and classified in the phase plane, at which the parameter of non-minimal coupling {xi} plays the role of a control parameter. The fragility of global dynamics with respect to changes of the coupling constant is studied in details. We find that the future big rip singularity appearing in the phantom scalar field cosmological models can be avoided due to non-minimal coupling constant effects. We have shown the existence of a finite scale factor singular point (future or past) where the Hubble function as well as its first cosmological time derivative diverge.

Hrycyna, Orest [Department of Theoretical Physics, Faculty of Philosophy, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Al. Raclawickie 14, 20-950 Lublin (Poland)] [Department of Theoretical Physics, Faculty of Philosophy, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Al. Raclawickie 14, 20-950 Lublin (Poland); Szydlowski, Marek, E-mail: hrycyna@kul.lublin.pl, E-mail: uoszydlo@cyf-kr.edu.pl [Dipartimento di Fisica Nucleare e Teorica, Universita degli studi di Pavia, via A. Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Fisica Nucleare e Teorica, Universita degli studi di Pavia, via A. Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

260

The Evolution of Nuclear Multifragmentation in the Temperature-Density Plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The mean transverse kinetic energies of the fragments formed in the interaction of 1 A GeV Au+C have been determined. An energy balance argument indicates the presence of a collective energy which increases in magnitude with increasing multiplicity and accounts for nearly half of the measured mean transverse kinetic energy. The radial flow velocity associated with the collective energy yields estimates for the time required to expand to the freeze-out volume. Isentropic trajectories in the temperature-density plane are shown for the expansion and indicate that the system goes through the critical region at the same multiplicities as deduced from a statistical analysis. Here, the expansion time is approximately 70 fm/c.

P. G. Warren; S. Albergo; J. M. Alexander; F. Bieser; F. P. Brady; Z. Caccia; D. A. Cebra; A. D. Chacon; J. L. Chance; Y. Choi; S. Costa; J. B. Elliott; M. L. Gilkes; J. A. Hauger; A. S. Hirsch; E. L. Hjort; A. Insolia; M. Justice; D. Keane; J. C. Kitner; R. Lacey; J. Lauret; V. Lindenstruth; M. A. Lisa; H. S. Matis; R. L. McGrath; M. McMahan; C. McParlan; W. F. J. Mueller; D. L. Olson; M. D. Partlan; N. T. Porile; R. Potenza; G. Rai; J. Rasmussen; H. G. Ritter; J. Romanski; J. L. Romero; G. V. Russo; H. Sann; R. P. Scharenberg; A. Scott; Y. Shao; B. K. Srivastava; T. J. M. Symons; M. L. Tincknell; C. Tuve; S. Wang; H. H. Wieman; T. Wienold; K. Wolf

1996-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Topologically Massive Yang-Mills field on the Null-Plane: A Hamilton-Jacobi approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Non-abelian gauge theories are super-renormalizable in 2+1 dimensions and suffer from infrared divergences. These divergences can be avoided by adding a Chern-Simons term, i.e., building a Topologically Massive Theory. In this sense, we are interested in the study of the Topologically Massive Yang-Mills theory on the Null-Plane. Since this is a gauge theory, we need to analyze its constraint structure which is done with the Hamilton-Jacobi formalism. We are able to find the complete set of Hamiltonian densities, and build the Generalized Brackets of the theory. With the GB we obtain a set of involutive Hamiltonian densities, generators of the evolution of the system.

Bertin, M. C.; Pimentel, B. M.; Valcarcel, C. E. [Instituto de Fisica Teorica, UNESP-Sao Paulo State University, Caixa Postal 70532-2, 01156-970, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Zambrano, G. E. R. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Narino, Calle 18 Carrera 50, San Juan de Pasto, Narino (Colombia)

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

262

Basal-plane thermal conductivity of few-layer molybdenum disulfide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the in-plane thermal conductivity of suspended exfoliated few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS{sub 2}) samples that were measured by suspended micro-devices with integrated resistance thermometers. The obtained room-temperature thermal conductivity values are (4450) and (4852) W m{sup ?1} K{sup ?1} for two samples that are 4 and 7 layers thick, respectively. For both samples, the peak thermal conductivity occurs at a temperature close to 120?K, above which the thermal conductivity is dominated by intrinsic phonon-phonon scattering although phonon scattering by surface disorders can still play an important role in these samples especially at low temperatures.

Jo, Insun; Ou, Eric; Shi, Li, E-mail: lishi@mail.utexas.edu [Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Pettes, Michael Thompson [Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Department of Mechanical Engineering and the Institute of Materials Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 (United States); Wu, Wei [Department of Mechanical Engineering and the Institute of Materials Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 (United States)

2014-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

263

Line-plane broadcasting in a data communications network of a parallel computer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, apparatus, and products are disclosed for line-plane broadcasting in a data communications network of a parallel computer, the parallel computer comprising a plurality of compute nodes connected together through the network, the network optimized for point to point data communications and characterized by at least a first dimension, a second dimension, and a third dimension, that include: initiating, by a broadcasting compute node, a broadcast operation, including sending a message to all of the compute nodes along an axis of the first dimension for the network; sending, by each compute node along the axis of the first dimension, the message to all of the compute nodes along an axis of the second dimension for the network; and sending, by each compute node along the axis of the second dimension, the message to all of the compute nodes along an axis of the third dimension for the network.

Archer, Charles J. (Rochester, MN); Berg, Jeremy E. (Rochester, MN); Blocksome, Michael A. (Rochester, MN); Smith, Brian E. (Rochester, MN)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

264

Line-plane broadcasting in a data communications network of a parallel computer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, apparatus, and products are disclosed for line-plane broadcasting in a data communications network of a parallel computer, the parallel computer comprising a plurality of compute nodes connected together through the network, the network optimized for point to point data communications and characterized by at least a first dimension, a second dimension, and a third dimension, that include: initiating, by a broadcasting compute node, a broadcast operation, including sending a message to all of the compute nodes along an axis of the first dimension for the network; sending, by each compute node along the axis of the first dimension, the message to all of the compute nodes along an axis of the second dimension for the network; and sending, by each compute node along the axis of the second dimension, the message to all of the compute nodes along an axis of the third dimension for the network.

Archer, Charles J.; Berg, Jeremy E.; Blocksome, Michael A.; Smith, Brian E.

2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

265

Specific heat of twisted bilayer graphene: Engineering phonons by atomic plane rotations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied the phonon specific heat in single-layer, bilayer, and twisted bilayer graphene. The calculations were performed using the Born-von Karman model of lattice dynamics for intralayer atomic interactions and spherically symmetric interatomic potential for interlayer interactions. We found that at temperature T?planes.

Nika, Denis L. [E. Pokatilov Laboratory of Physics and Engineering of Nanomaterials, Department of Physics and Engineering, Moldova State University, Chisinau MD-2009, Republic of Moldova (Moldova, Republic of); Nano-Device Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering Program, Bourns College of Engineering, University of CaliforniaRiverside, Riverside, California, 92521 (United States); Cocemasov, Alexandr I. [E. Pokatilov Laboratory of Physics and Engineering of Nanomaterials, Department of Physics and Engineering, Moldova State University, Chisinau MD-2009, Republic of Moldova (Moldova, Republic of); Balandin, Alexander A., E-mail: balandin@ee.ucr.edu [Nano-Device Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering Program, Bourns College of Engineering, University of CaliforniaRiverside, Riverside, California, 92521 (United States)

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

266

Closing the gap: an X-ray selected sample of clusters of galaxies behind the Galactic plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the design and current status of the CIZA survey, the first systematic X-ray search for clusters of galaxies in the Galactic plane region. So far, we have compiled a sample of more than 70 X-ray selected clusters at |b|<20 deg, 80% of which were previously unknown. Upon its completion the CIZA cluster catalogue will complement the existing galaxy surveys in the Galactic plane region and allow a fresh look at large-scale structure and local streaming motions.

Harald Ebeling; Christopher Mullis; Brent Tully

2000-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

267

Chinese Oil Demand: Steep Incline Ahead  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil andMCKEESPORTfor the 2012 CBECS4X I

268

High Efficiency m-plane LEDs on Low Defect Density Bulk GaN Substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solid-state lighting is a key technology for reduction of energy consumption in the US and worldwide. In principle, by replacing standard incandescent bulbs and other light sources with sources based on light-emitting diodes (LEDs), ultimate energy efficiency can be achieved. The efficiency of LEDs has improved tremendously over the past two decades, however further progress is required for solid- state lighting to reach its full potential. The ability of an LED at converting electricity to light is quantified by its internal quantum efficiency (IQE). The material of choice for visible LEDs is Gallium Nitride (GaN), which is at the basis of blue-emitting LEDs. A key factor limiting the performance of GaN LEDs is the so-called efficiency droop, whereby the IQE of the LED decreases significantly at high current density. Despite decades of research, efficiency droop remains a major issue. Since high-current operation is necessary for practical lighting applications, reducing droop is a major challenge for the scientific community and the LED industry. Our approach to solving the droop issue is the use of newly available low-defect-density bulk GaN non-polar substrates. In contrast to the standard foreign substrates (sapphire, silicon carbide, silicon) used in the industry, we have employed native bulk GaN substrates with very low defect density, thus ensuring exquisite material quality and high IQE. Whereas all commercial LEDs are grown along the c-plane crystal direction of GaN, we have used m-plane non-polar substrates; these drastically modify the physical properties of the LED and enable a reduction of droop. With this approach, we have demonstrated very high IQE performance and low droop. Our results focused on violet and blue LEDs. For these, we have demonstrated very high peak IQEs and current droops of 6% and 10% respectively (up to a high current density of 200A.cm-2). All these results were obtained under electrical operation. These high IQE and low droop values are in line with the programs milestones. They demonstrate that bulk non-polar GaN substrates represent a disruptive technology for LED performance. Application of this technology to real-world products is feasible, provided that the cost of GaN substrates is compatible with the markets requirement.

David, Aurelien

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

Automatic Data for Applied Railway Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 2009, London Overground management implemented a new tactical plan for a.m. and p.m. peak service on the North London Line (NLL). This paper documents that tactical planning intervention and evaluates its outcomes in ...

Frumin, Michael

270

Relationships between frontal-plane angular momentum and clinical balance measures during post-stroke hemiparetic walking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relationships between frontal-plane angular momentum and clinical balance measures during post-stroke There is a 73% incidence of falls among individuals post-stroke, with 37% that fall sustaining injuries on the concept of the ``extrapolated center- of-mass'' [6,7], but these have not been applied to the post-stroke

271

A performance study of plane wave finite element methods with a Pad-type artificial boundary condition in acoustic scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Keywords: Acoustic scattering Finite element Plane wave Pollution High-frequency Artificial boundary condition in acoustic scattering R. Kechroud a , A. Soulaimani a , X. Antoine b,c,* a ?cole de Technologie are found. Indeed, it is well known that pollution effects [10­12] arise in the standard FEM, limiting its

Antoine, Xavier - Institut de Mathématiques ?lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

272

Magneto-electric coupling in a two-dimensional ballistic Josephson junction with in-plane magnetic texture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magneto-electric coupling in a two-dimensional ballistic Josephson junction with in-plane magnetic, Germany (Dated: August 20, 2014) We study a Josephson junction made with a spin-textured bridge, when both-dimensional ballistic Josephson junction close to the critical temperature of the heterostructure, when an anomalous

Boyer, Edmond

273

Bi-plane correlation imaging for improved detection of lung nodules Ehsan Samei1,2,3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

approach that utilizes angular information from a bi-plane digital acquisition in conjunction with computer. The correlated suspect lesions were registered as positive. Using an optimum ­3o vertical geometry and processing. INTRODUCTION Lung cancer is a leading cause of death in the US, surpassing the mortality associated with breast

274

Vacancy effects in an easy-plane Heisenberg model: reduction of Tc and doubly-charged vortices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vacancy effects in an easy-plane Heisenberg model: reduction of Tc and doubly-charged vortices G. M here under the presence of a low concentration of nonmagnetic impurities (spin vacancies). A nearest, a large fraction of the thermally generated vortices nucleate centered on vacancies, where they have

Wysin, Gary

275

Effects of catalysis on particle motion in plane-parallel and cylindrical channels in a catalytic reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A theoretical study is made on aerosol behavior in a catalysis zone for a plane-parallel or cylindrical channel in a catalytic reactor. It is found that the thermophoretic trapping coefficient may attain 10-15% in a laminar flow having longitudinal Pe and Re >> 1 even for small relative temperature differences.

Kabanov, A.N.; Murashkevich, F.I.; Shulimanova, Z.L.; Shukin, E.R.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Plane wave holonomies in loop quantum gravity II: sine wave solution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper constructs an approximate sinusoidal wave packet solution to the equations of loop quantum gravity (LQG). There is an SU(2) holonomy on each edge of the LQG simplex, and the goal is to study the behavior of these holonomies under the influence of a passing gravitational wave. The equations are solved in a small sine approximation: holonomies are expanded in powers of sines, and terms beyond $\\sin^2$ are dropped; also, fields vary slowly from vertex to vertex. The wave is unidirectional and linearly polarized. The Hilbert space is spanned by a set of coherent states tailored to the symmetry of the plane wave case. Fixing the spatial diffeomorphisms is equivalent to fixing the spatial interval between vertices of the loop quantum gravity lattice. This spacing can be chosen such that the eigenvalues of the triad operators are large, as required in the small sine limit, even though the holonomies are not large. Appendices compute the energy of the wave, estimate the lifetime of the coherent state packet, discuss coarse-graining, and determine the behavior of the spinors used in the U(N) SHO realization of LQG.

Donald E. Neville

2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

277

The methane-acetylene cycle Aerospace Plane - A promising candidate for earth to orbit transportation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The methane-acetylene cycle Aerosapce Plane (MACASP) concept is proposed and its theoretical feasibility is shown. In this concept, methane fuel stored on-board the aircraft is run out within the wing leading edge in pipes at temperatures up to 1400 K. In the presence of catalyst, the heat provided by wing drag is used to drive the highly endothermic chemical reaction 2CH4 yields 3H2 + C2H2. The products of this reaction, hydrogen and acetylene, are then fed into a combustion chamber and burned in air. On the NASP, terminal acceleration to orbit beyond the critical Mach number of the scramjet can be enabled by rocket operation using a small on-board supply of LOx. The advantages of this concept are that the two highly energetic but difficult-to-store fuels can be used without on-board storage. It is shown that the MACASP concept offers significant promise for economical earth-to-orbit transportation. 5 refs.

Zubrin, R.M. (Martin Marietta Astronautics Group, Denver, CO (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Self-sustaining turbulence in a restricted nonlinear model of plane Couette flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates the maintenance of self-sustaining turbulence in a restricted nonlinear (RNL) model of plane Couette flow. The RNL system is derived directly from the Navier-Stokes equations and permits higher resolution studies of the dynamical system associated with the stochastic structural stability theory (S3T) model, which is a second order approximation of the statistical state dynamics of the flow. The RNL model shares the dynamical restrictions of the S3T model but can be easily implemented by reducing a DNS code so that it retains only the RNL dynamics. Comparisons of turbulence arising from DNS and RNL simulations demonstrate that the RNL system supports self-sustaining turbulence with a mean flow as well as structural and dynamical features that are consistent with DNS. These results demonstrate that the simplified RNL system captures fundamental aspects of fully developed turbulence in wall-bounded shear flows and motivate use of the RNL/S3T framework for further study of wall-turbulence.

Thomas, Vaughan L.; Gayme, Dennice F. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, 21218 (United States); Lieu, Binh K.; Jovanovi?, Mihailo R. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55455 (United States); Farrell, Brian F. [School of Engineering and Applied Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 02138 (United States); Ioannou, Petros J. [Department of Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, Athens, 15784 (Greece)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

Electric Chern-Simons term, enlarged exotic Galilei symmetry and noncommutative plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The extended exotic planar model for a charged particle is constructed. It includes a Chern-Simons-like term for a dynamical electric field, but produces usual equations of motion for the particle in background constant uniform electric and magnetic fields. The electric Chern-Simons term is responsible for the non-commutativity of the boost generators in the ten-dimensional enlarged exotic Galilei symmetry algebra of the extended system. The model admits two reduction schemes by the integrals of motion, one of which reproduces the usual formulation for the charged particle in external constant electric and magnetic fields with associated field-deformed Galilei symmetry, whose commuting boost generators are identified with the nonlocal in time Noether charges reduced on-shell. Another reduction scheme, in which electric field transmutes into the commuting space translation generators, extracts from the model a free particle on the noncommutative plane described by the two-fold centrally extended Galilei group of the non-relativistic anyons.

Mariano A. del Olmo; Mikhail S. Plyushchay

2005-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

280

Theory of steady-state plane tunneling-assisted impact ionization waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of band-to-band and trap-assisted tunneling on the properties of steady-state plane ionization waves in p{sup +}-n-n{sup +} structures is theoretically analyzed. It is shown that such tunneling-assisted impact ionization waves do not differ in a qualitative sense from ordinary impact ionization waves propagating due to the avalanche multiplication of uniformly distributed seed electrons and holes. The quantitative differences of tunneling-assisted impact ionization waves from impact ionization waves are reduced to a slightly different relation between the wave velocity u and the maximum field strength E{sub M} at the front. It is shown that disregarding impact ionization does not exclude the possibility of the existence of tunneling-assisted ionization waves; however, their structure radically changes, and their velocity strongly decreases for the same E{sub M}. A comparison of the dependences u(E{sub M}) for various ionization-wave types makes it possible to determine the conditions under which one of them is dominant. In conclusion, unresolved problems concerning the theory of tunneling-assisted impact ionization waves are discussed and the directions of further studies are outlined.

Kyuregyan, A. S., E-mail: ask@vei.ru [Lenin All-Russian Electrical-Engineering Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

The silicon micro-strip detector plane for the LOFT/Wide Field Monitor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main objective of the Wide Field Monitor (WFM) on the LOFT mission is to provide unambiguous detection of the high-energy sources in a large field of view, in order to support science operations of the LOFT primary instrument, the LAD. The monitor will also provide by itself a large number of results on the timing and spectral behaviour of hundreds of galactic compact objects, Active Galactic Nuclei and Gamma-Ray Bursts. The WFM is based on the coded aperture concept where a position sensitive detector records the shadow of a mask projected by the celestial sources. The proposed WFM detector plane, based on Double Sided micro-Strip Silicon Detectors (DSSD), will allow proper 2-dimensional recording of the projected shadows. Indeed the positioning of the photon interaction in the detector with equivalent fine resolution in both directions insures the best imaging capability compatible with the allocated budgets for this telescope on LOFT. We will describe here the overall configuration of this 2D-WFM and t...

Goldwurm, A; Gtz, D; Laurent, P; Lebrun, F; Limousin, O; Basa, S; Bertoli, W; Delagnes, E; Dolgorouky, Y; Gevin, O; Gros, A; Gouiffes, C; Jeanneau, F; Lachaud, C; Llored, M; Olivetto, C; Prvt, G; Renaud, D; Rodriguez, J; Rossin, C; Schanne, S; Soldi, S; Varniere, P

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Dynamical aspects of the plane-wave matrix model at finite temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study dynamical aspects of the plane-wave matrix model at finite temperature. One-loop calculation around general classical vacua is performed using the background field method, and the integration over the gauge field moduli is carried out both analytically and numerically. In addition to the trivial vacuum, which corresponds to a single M5-brane at zero temperature, we consider general static fuzzy-sphere type configurations. They are all 1/2 BPS, and hence degenerate at zero temperature due to supersymmetry. This degeneracy is resolved, however, at finite temperature, and we identify the configuration that gives the smallest free energy at each temperature. The Hagedorn transition in each vacuum is studied by using the eigenvalue density method for the gauge field moduli, and the free energy as well as the Polyakov line is obtained analytically near the critical point. This reveals the existence of fuzzy sphere phases, which may correspond to the plasma-ball phases in N=4 SU(\\infty) SYM on S^1 X S^3. We also perform Monte Carlo simulation to integrate over the gauge field moduli. While this confirms the validity of the analytic results near the critical point, it also shows that the trivial vacuum gives the smallest free energy throughout the high temperature regime.

Naoyuki Kawahara; Jun Nishimura; Kentaroh Yoshida

2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

283

VERY LOW MASS STELLAR AND SUBSTELLAR COMPANIONS TO SOLAR-LIKE STARS FROM MARVELS. II. A SHORT-PERIOD COMPANION ORBITING AN F STAR WITH EVIDENCE OF A STELLAR TERTIARY AND SIGNIFICANT MUTUAL INCLINATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the discovery via radial velocity (RV) measurements of a short-period (P = 2.430420 {+-} 0.000006 days) companion to the F-type main-sequence star TYC 2930-00872-1. A long-term trend in the RV data also suggests the presence of a tertiary stellar companion with P > 2000 days. High-resolution spectroscopy of the host star yields T{sub eff} = 6427 {+-} 33 K, log g = 4.52 {+-} 0.14, and [Fe/H] = -0.04 {+-} 0.05. These parameters, combined with the broadband spectral energy distribution (SED) and a parallax, allow us to infer a mass and radius of the host star of M{sub 1} = 1.21 {+-} 0.08 M{sub Sun} and R{sub 1} = 1.09{sup +0.15}{sub -0.13} R{sub Sun }. The minimum mass of the inner companion is below the hydrogen-burning limit; however, the true mass is likely to be substantially higher. We are able to exclude transits of the inner companion with high confidence. Further, the host star spectrum exhibits a clear signature of Ca H and K core emission, indicating stellar activity, but a lack of photometric variability and small vsin I suggest that the primary's spin axis is oriented in a pole-on configuration. The rotational period of the primary estimated through an activity-rotation relation matches the orbital period of the inner companion to within 1.5 {sigma}, suggesting that the primary and inner companion are tidally locked. If the inner companion's orbital angular momentum vector is aligned with the stellar spin axis as expected through tidal evolution, then it has a stellar mass of {approx}0.3-0.4 M{sub Sun }. Direct imaging limits the existence of stellar companions to projected separations <30 AU. No set of spectral lines and no significant flux contribution to the SED from either companion are detected, which places individual upper mass limits of M{sub {l_brace}2,3{r_brace}} {approx}< 1.0 M{sub Sun }, provided they are not stellar remnants. If the tertiary is not a stellar remnant, then it likely has a mass of {approx}0.5-0.6 M{sub Sun }, and its orbit is likely significantly inclined from that of the secondary, suggesting that the Kozai-Lidov mechanism may have driven the dynamical evolution of this system.

Fleming, Scott W.; Ge Jian; De Lee, Nathan; Jiang Peng; Lee, Brian; Nelson, Ben [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 2611-2055 (United States); Barnes, Rory [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, P.O. Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Beatty, Thomas G.; Gaudi, B. Scott; Shappee, Benjamin J. [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Crepp, Justin R. [Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Esposito, Massimiliano; Femenia, Bruno; Gonzalez Hernandez, Jonay I. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC), E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Ferreira, Leticia; Porto de Mello, Gustavo F. [Observatorio do Valongo, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Ladeira do Pedro Antonio, 43, CEP: 20080-090, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Gary, Bruce; Hebb, Leslie; Stassun, Keivan [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Ghezzi, Luan, E-mail: scfleming@psu.edu [Laboratorio Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia, LIneA, Rua Gal. Jose Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ-20921-400 (Brazil); and others

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

284

THE RELATION BETWEEN MID-PLANE PRESSURE AND MOLECULAR HYDROGEN IN GALAXIES: ENVIRONMENTAL DEPENDENCE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Molecular hydrogen (H{sub 2}) is the primary component of the reservoirs of cold, dense gas that fuel star formation in our Galaxy. While the H{sub 2} abundance is ultimately regulated by physical processes operating on small scales in the interstellar medium (ISM), observations have revealed a tight correlation between the ratio of molecular to atomic hydrogen in nearby spiral galaxies and the pressure in the mid-plane of their disks. This empirical relation has been used to predict H{sub 2} abundances in galaxies with potentially very different ISM conditions, such as metal-deficient galaxies at high redshifts. Here, we test the validity of this approach by studying the dependence of the pressure-H{sub 2} relation on environmental parameters of the ISM. To this end, we follow the formation and destruction of H{sub 2} explicitly in a suite of hydrodynamical simulations of galaxies with different ISM parameters. We find that a pressure-H{sub 2} relation arises naturally in our simulations for a variety of dust-to-gas ratios or strengths of the interstellar radiation field in the ISM. Fixing the dust-to-gas ratio and the UV radiation field to values measured in the solar neighborhood results in fair agreement with the relation observed in nearby galaxies with roughly solar metallicity. However, the parameters (slope and normalization) of the pressure-H{sub 2} relation vary in a systematical way with ISM properties. A particularly strong trend is the decrease of the normalization of the relation with a lowering of the dust-to-gas ratio of the ISM. We show how this trend and other properties of the pressure-H{sub 2} relation arise from the atomic-to-molecular phase transition in the ISM caused by a combination of H{sub 2} formation, destruction, and shielding mechanisms.

Feldmann, Robert [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Hernandez, Jose [Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy, 1500 Sullivan Road, Aurora, IL 60506 (United States); Gnedin, Nickolay Y., E-mail: feldmann@berkeley.edu [Particle Astrophysics Center, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States)

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

285

Polarimetric performance of a Laue lens gamma-ray CdZnTe focal plane prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A gamma-ray telescope mission concept [gamma ray imager (GRI)] based on Laue focusing techniques has been proposed in reply to the European Space Agency call for mission ideas within the framework of the next decade planning (Cosmic Vision 2015-2025). In order to optimize the design of a focal plane for this satellite mission, a CdZnTe detector prototype has been tested at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility under an {approx}100% polarized gamma-ray beam. The spectroscopic, imaging, and timing performances were studied and in particular its potential as a polarimeter was evaluated. Polarization has been recognized as being a very important observational parameter in high energy astrophysics (>100 keV) and therefore this capability has been specifically included as part of the GRI mission proposal. The prototype detector tested was a 5 mm thick CdZnTe array with an 11x11 active pixel matrix (pixel area of 2.5x2.5 mm{sup 2}). The detector was irradiated by a monochromatic linearly polarized beam with a spot diameter of about 0.5 mm over the energy range between 150 and 750 keV. Polarimetric Q factors of 0.35 and double event relative detection efficiency of 20% were obtained. Further measurements were performed with a copper Laue monochromator crystal placed between the beam and the detector prototype. In this configuration we have demonstrated that a polarized beam does not change its polarization level and direction after undergoing a small angle (<1 deg.) Laue diffraction inside a crystal.

Curado da Silva, R. M. [Departmento de Fisica, Universidade de Coimbra, P-3000 Coimbra (Portugal); Center for Space Radiations, Univesite Catholique de Louvain (Belgium); Caroli, E.; Stephen, J. B.; Schiavone, F.; Donati, A.; Ventura, G. [Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica-Bologna, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy); Pisa, A.; Auricchio, N.; Frontera, F. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Ferrara, Ferrara (Italy); Del Sordo, S. [Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica-Palermo, Via Ugo La Malfa 153, 90146 Palermo (Italy); Honkimaeki, V. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble (France); Trindade, A. M. F. [Departmento de Fisica, Universidade de Coimbra, P-3000 Coimbra (Portugal)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

Measurement of Event-Plane Correlations in ?s[subscript NN] = 2.76 TeV Lead-Lead Collisions with the ATLAS Detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A measurement of event-plane correlations involving two or three event planes of different order is presented as a function of centrality for 7 ?b[superscript ?1] Pb + Pb collision data at ?s[subscript NN] = 2.76, recorded ...

Taylor, Frank E.

287

A Hermite cubic collocation scheme for plane strain hydraulic fractures Department of Mathematics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Hermite cubic collocation scheme for plane strain hydraulic fractures A. Peirce Department Accepted 13 February 2010 Available online xxxx Keywords: Hydraulic fractures Integro-partial differential of a hydraulic fracture in a state of plane strain. Special blended cubic Hermite-power­law basis functions

Peirce, Anthony

288

A Hermite cubic collocation scheme for plane strain hydraulic fractures Department of Mathematics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Hermite cubic collocation scheme for plane strain hydraulic fractures A. Peirce Department Accepted 13 February 2010 Available online 4 March 2010 Keywords: Hydraulic fractures Integro the propagation of a hydraulic fracture in a state of plane strain. Special blended cubic Hermite-power­law basis

Peirce, Anthony

289

Electron transport in graphene/graphene side-contact junction by plane-wave multiple scattering method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electron transport in graphene is along the sheet but junction devices are often made by stacking different sheets together in a "side-contact" geometry which causes the current to flow perpendicular to the sheets within the device. Such geometry presents a challenge to first-principles transport methods. We solve this problem by implementing a plane-wave based multiple scattering theory for electron transport. This implementation improves the computational efficiency over the existing plane-wave transport code, scales better for parallelization over large number of nodes, and does not require the current direction to be along a lattice axis. As a first application, we calculate the tunneling current through a side-contact graphene junction formed by two separate graphene sheets with the edges overlapping each other. We find that transport properties of this junction depend strongly on the AA or AB stacking within the overlapping region as well as the vacuum gap between two graphene sheets. Such transport beh...

Li, Xiang-Guo; Zhang, X -G; Cheng, Hai-Ping

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

In-Plane Electronic Anisotropy of Underdoped ___122___ Fe-Arsenide Superconductors Revealed by Measurements of Detwinned Single Crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The parent phases of the Fe-arsenide superconductors harbor an antiferromagnetic ground state. Significantly, the Neel transition is either preceded or accompanied by a structural transition that breaks the four fold symmetry of the high-temperature lattice. Borrowing language from the field of soft condensed matter physics, this broken discrete rotational symmetry is widely referred to as an Ising nematic phase transition. Understanding the origin of this effect is a key component of a complete theoretical description of the occurrence of superconductivity in this family of compounds, motivating both theoretical and experimental investigation of the nematic transition and the associated in-plane anisotropy. Here we review recent experimental progress in determining the intrinsic in-plane electronic anisotropy as revealed by resistivity, reflectivity and ARPES measurements of detwinned single crystals of underdoped Fe arsenide superconductors in the '122' family of compounds.

Fisher, Ian Randal

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

291

Two charges on plane in a magnetic field: II. Moving neutral quantum system across a magnetic field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The moving neutral system of two Coulomb charges on a plane subject to a constant magnetic field $B$ perpendicular to the plane is considered. It is shown that the composite system of finite total mass is bound for any center-of-mass momentum $P$ and magnetic field strength; the energy of the ground state is calculated accurately using a variational approach. Their accuracy is cross-checked in a Lagrange-mesh method for $B=1$ a.u. and in a perturbation theory at small $B$ and $P$. The constructed trial function has the property of being a uniform approximation of the exact eigenfunction. For a Hydrogen atom and a Positronium a double perturbation theory in $B$ and $P$ is developed and the first corrections are found algebraically. A phenomenon of a sharp change of energy behavior for a certain center-of-mass momentum and a fixed magnetic field is indicated.

M. A. Escobar-Ruiz; A. V. Turbiner

2014-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

292

Phosphor-free nanopyramid white light-emitting diodes grown on (101{sup }1) planes using nanospherical-lens photolithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We reported a high-efficiency and low-cost nano-pattern method, the nanospherical-lens photolithography technique, to fabricate a SiO{sub 2} mask for selective area growth. By controlling the selective growth, we got a highly ordered hexagonal nanopyramid light emitting diodes with InGaN/GaN quantum wells grown on nanofacets, demonstrating an electrically driven phosphor-free white light emission. We found that both the quantum well width and indium incorporation increased linearly along the (101{sup }1) planes towards the substrate and the perpendicular direction to the (101{sup }1) planes as well. Such spatial distribution was responsible for the broadband emission. Moreover, using cathodoluminescence techniques, it was found that the blue emission originated from nanopyramid top, resembling the quantum dots, green emission from the InGaN quantum wells layer at the middle of sidewalls, and yellow emission mainly from the bottom of nanopyramid ridges, similar to the quantum wires.

Wu, Kui [State Key Laboratory of Solid-State Lighting, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China) [State Key Laboratory of Solid-State Lighting, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China); Department of Electronic Engineering, Tsinghua National Laboratory for Information Science and Technology/State Key Lab on Integrated Optoelectronics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Wei, Tongbo, E-mail: tbwei@semi.ac.cn; Wei, Xuecheng; Zheng, Haiyang; Chen, Yu; Lu, Hongxi; Wang, Junxi; Li, Jinmin [State Key Laboratory of Solid-State Lighting, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Solid-State Lighting, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083 (China); Lan, Ding [National Microgravity Laboratory, Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China)] [National Microgravity Laboratory, Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China); Huang, Kai [Platform of Characterization and Test, Suzhou Institute of Nano-tech and Nano-bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou 215000 (China)] [Platform of Characterization and Test, Suzhou Institute of Nano-tech and Nano-bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou 215000 (China); Luo, Yi [Department of Electronic Engineering, Tsinghua National Laboratory for Information Science and Technology/State Key Lab on Integrated Optoelectronics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)] [Department of Electronic Engineering, Tsinghua National Laboratory for Information Science and Technology/State Key Lab on Integrated Optoelectronics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

293

Multi-facet concentrator of solar setup for irradiating the objects placed in a target plane with solar light  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

According to the proposed invention, this technical result is achieved so that many-facet concentrator of a solar setup for exposure of objects, placed in a target plane, to the action of solar radiation containing a supporting frame and facets differing by that the facets of the concentrator are chosen with spherical focusing reflective surfaces of equal focal lengths and with selective coatings reflecting a desired spectral fraction of solar radiation, and are arranged on the supporting frame symmetrically with respect to the common axis of the concentrator, their optical axes being directed to the single point on the optical axis of the concentrator located before the nominal focus point of the concentrator and determining the position of arranging the target plane.

Lewandowski, Allan A. (Evergreen, CO); Yampolskiy, Vladislav (Moscow, RU); Alekseev, Valerie (Moscow, RU); Son, Valentin (Moscow, RU)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Phase plane analysis and statefinder diagnostic of agegraphic dark energy in 5D Brans-Dicke cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an autonomous phase-plane describing the evolution of field equations containing an agegraphic dark energy in 5D Brans- Dicke cosmology. To observationally verify the numerical results, we simultaneously solve the equations by constraining the model parameters with SNe Ia data. We find conditions for the existence and stability of the critical points (states of the universe) and numerically examine the cosmological parameters. We also investigate the model by means of statefinder diagnostic.

Salehi, Amin; Sadeghi, Jafar; Pourali, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

SIADEX. Un entorno integral de planificacion para el dise~no de planes de actuacion en situaciones de crisis*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

com- pletitud por el contrato de investigaci´on NET033957 con la Consejer´ia de Medioambiente de la para la toma de decisiones y la posterior ela- boraci´on de los planes de operaciones para la extinci las operaciones de extinci´on corresponde a la figura del di- rector t´ecnico de extinci´on, que lleva

Fernández Olivares, Juan

296

Test of Fermi Gas Model and Plane-Wave Impulse Approximation Against Electron-Nucleus Scattering Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A widely used relativistic Fermi gas model and plane-wave impulse approximation are tested against electron-nucleus scattering data. Inclusive quasi-elastic cross section are calculated and compared with high-precision data for C, O, and Ca. A dependence of agreement between calculated cross section and data on a momentum transfer is shown. Results for the C(nu_mu,mu) reaction are presented and compared with experimental data of the LSND collaboration.

A. V. Butkevich; S. P. Mikheyev

2005-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

297

Out-of-Plane Computed-Tomography-Guided Biopsy Using a Magnetic-Field-Based Navigation System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this article is to report our clinical experience with out-of-plane computed-tomography (CT)-guided biopsies using a magnetic-field-based navigation system. Between February 2002 and March 2003, 20 patients underwent CT-guided biopsy in which an adjunct magnetic-field-based navigation system was used to aid an out-of-plane biopsy approach. Eighteen patients had an underlying primary malignancy. All biopsies involved the use of a coaxial needle system in which an outer 18G guide needle was inserted to the lesion using the navigation system and an inner 22G needle was then used to obtain fine-needle aspirates. Complications and technical success were recorded. Target lesions were located in the adrenal gland (n = 7), liver (n = 6), pancreas (n = 3), lung (n = 2), retroperitoneal lymph node (n = 1), and pelvis (n = 1). The mean lesion size (maximum transverse diameter) was 26.5 mm (range: 8-70 mm) and the mean and median cranial-caudal distance, between the transaxial planes of the final needle tip location and the needle insertion site, was 40 mm (range: 18-90 mm). Needle tip positioning was successfully placed within the lesion in all 20 biopsies. A diagnosis of malignancy was obtained in 14 biopsies. Benign diagnoses were encountered in the remaining six biopsies and included a benign adrenal gland (n = 2), fibroelastic tissue (n = 1), hepocytes with steatosis (n = 2) and reactive hepatocytes (n = 1). No complications were encountered. A magnetic-field-based navigation system is an effective adjunct tool for accurate and safe biopsy of lesions that require an out-of-plane CT approach.

Wallace, Michael J., E-mail: mwallace@di.mdacc.tmc.edu; Gupta, Sanjay; Hicks, Marshall E. [University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Departments of Diagnostic Radiology, Section of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (United States)

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

Standard test method for determining plane-strain crack-arrest fracture toughness, kIa, of ferritic steels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 This test method employs a side-grooved, crack-line-wedge-loaded specimen to obtain a rapid run-arrest segment of flat-tensile separation with a nearly straight crack front. This test method provides a static analysis determination of the stress intensity factor at a short time after crack arrest. The estimate is denoted Ka. When certain size requirements are met, the test result provides an estimate, termed KIa, of the plane-strain crack-arrest toughness of the material. 1.2 The specimen size requirements, discussed later, provide for in-plane dimensions large enough to allow the specimen to be modeled by linear elastic analysis. For conditions of plane-strain, a minimum specimen thickness is also required. Both requirements depend upon the crack arrest toughness and the yield strength of the material. A range of specimen sizes may therefore be needed, as specified in this test method. 1.3 If the specimen does not exhibit rapid crack propagation and arrest, Ka cannot be determined. 1.4 The values stat...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

In-plane ultrasonic velocity measurement of longitudinal and shear waves in the machine direction with transducers in rotating wheels  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved system for measuring the velocity of ultrasonic signals within the plane of moving web-like materials, such as paper, paperboard and the like. In addition to velocity measurements of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web in the MD and CD, one embodiment of the system in accordance with the present invention is also adapted to provide on-line indication of the polar specific stiffness of the moving web. In another embodiment of the invention, the velocity of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web are measured by way of a plurality of ultrasonic transducers carried by synchronously driven wheels or cylinders, thus eliminating undue transducer wear due to any speed differences between the transducers and the web. In order to provide relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the webs, the transducers are mounted in a sensor housings which include a spring for biasing the transducer radially outwardly. The sensor housings are adapted to be easily and conveniently mounted to the carrier to provide a relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the moving web. 37 figs.

Hall, M.S.; Jackson, T.G.; Knerr, C.

1998-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

300

Plane thermonuclear detonation waves initiated by proton beams and quasi-one-dimensional model of fast ignition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The one-dimensional (1D) problem on bilatiral irradiation by proton beams of the plane layer of condensed DT mixture with length $2H$ and density $\\rho_0 \\leqslant 100\\rho_s$, where $\\rho_s$ is the fuel solid-state density at atmospheric pressure and temperature of 4 K, is considered. The proton kinetic energy is 1 MeV, the beam intensity is $10^{19}$ W/cm$^2$ and duration is 50 ps. A mathematical model is based on the one-fluid two-temperature hydrodynamics with a wide-range equation of state of the fuel, electron and ion heat conduction, DT fusion reaction kinetics, self-radiation of plasma and plasma heating by alpha-particles. If the ignition occurs, a plane detonation wave, which is adjacent to the front of the rarefaction wave, appears. Upon reflection of this detonation wave from the symmetry plane, the flow with the linear velocity profile along the spatial variable $x$ and with a weak dependence of the thermodynamic functions of $x$ occurs. An appropriate solution of the equations of hydrodynamics is...

Charakhch'yan, Alexander A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Transportation Network Modeling in Passenger Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Cars (hybrid and gasoline) ­ Trains (electric and diesel) ­ Barges ­ Planes · Decision Variables. Coal 2. Non-coal Truck/ diesel Train/ diesel Highway Railway Node/Arc based (k-ton/year) 1. Induced 2

Daniels, Thomas E.

302

Oscillations with Co and Cu thickness of the current-perpendicular-to-plane giant magnetoresistance of a Co/Cu/Co,,001... trilayer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

located at the ferromagnet/spacer inter- faces interfacial roughness . However, a fully quantitative current-in-plane geom- etry, the dimensions of the sample in the direction of the current are always

Umerski, Andrey

303

Residual and nitrogen doping of homoepitaxial nonpolar m-plane ZnO films grown by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the homoepitaxial growth by molecular beam epitaxy of high quality nonpolar m-plane ZnO and ZnO:N films over a large temperature range. The nonintentionally doped ZnO layers exhibit a residual doping as low as {approx}10{sup 14} cm{sup -3}. Despite an effective incorporation of nitrogen, p-type doping was not achieved, ZnO:N films becoming insulating. The high purity of the layers and their low residual n-type doping evidence compensation mechanisms in ZnO:N films.

Taienoff, D.; Deparis, C.; Teisseire, M.; Morhain, C. [Centre de Recherche sur l'Hetero-Epitaxie et ses Applications, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CRHEA-CNRS), Rue B. Gregory, F-06560 Valbonne Sophia Antipolis (France); Al-Khalfioui, M.; Vinter, B.; Chauveau, J.-M. [Centre de Recherche sur l'Hetero-Epitaxie et ses Applications, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CRHEA-CNRS), Rue B. Gregory, F-06560 Valbonne Sophia Antipolis (France); Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis, Parc Valrose F-06103 Nice (France)

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

304

Optimized 3D simulation method for modeling of out-of-plane radiation in silicon photonic integrated circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an accurate and fast 3D simulation scheme for out-of-plane grating couplers, based on two dimensional rigorous (finite difference time domain) grating simulations, the effective index method (EIM), and the Rayleigh-Sommerfeld diffraction formula. In comparison with full 3D FDTD simulations, the rms difference in electric field is below 5% and the difference in power flux is below 3%. A grating coupler for coupling from a silicon-on-insulator photonic integrated circuit to an optical fiber positioned 0.1 mm above the circuit is designed as example.

Westerveld, W J; Yousefi, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Radio and near-infrared observations of the steep spectrum Galactic plane radio source WKB 0314+57.8  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radio and near-infared observations towards the steep spectrum Galactic plane radio source WKB 0314+57.8 are presented, in order to clarify the nature of this source. The radio observations include archival and survey data, together with new Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope observations at 617 MHz. The near-infrared observations are in the J and K bands, from the Gemini instrument on the Shane 3-m telescope. The radio observations show that WKB 0314+57.8 is extended, with an very steep spectrum (with flux density proportional to frequency to -2.5 power between 40 MHz and 1.5 GHz). The colour--magnitude diagram constructed from near-infrared observations of the field suggests the presence of a z approx 0.08 galaxy cluster behind the Galactic plane, reddened by about 6 magnitudes of visual extinction. Although the steep spectrum source has no obvious identification, two other radio sources in the field covered by the near-infrared observations have tentative identifications with galaxies. These observations indicate that WKB 0314+57.8 is a relic source in a cluster of galaxies, not a pulsar.

D. A. Green; M. Lacy; S. Bhatnagar; E. L. Gates; P. J. Warner

2004-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

306

Spatial modulation of in-plane magnetic anisotropy in epitaxial Co(111) films grown on macrostep-bunched Si(111)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We compared magnetic properties of epitaxial Co(111) films grown on microstep- and macrostep-bunched vicinal Si(111) substrates. A surface of the microstep-bunched Si(111) substrate represents regular array of step-bunches with height of 1.7?nm divided from each other by flat microterraces with a width of 34?nm. A surface of the macrostep-bunched Si(111) substrate is constituted by macrostep bunches with a height of 7585?nm divided by atomically flat macroterraces. The average sum width of a macrostep bunch and a macroterrace is 2.3??m. While in-plane magnetic anisotropy was spatially uniform in Co(111) films grown on the microstep-bunched Si(111), periodic macromodulation of the topography of the Si(111) substrate induced spatial modulation of in-plane magnetic anisotropy in Co(111) film grown on the macrostep-bunched Si(111) surface. The energy of uniaxial magnetic anisotropy in the areas of the Co(111) film deposited on the Si(111) macrosteps was higher more than by the order of magnitude than the energy of the magnetic anisotropy in the areas grown on macroterraces. Magnetization reversal in the areas with different energy of the magnetic anisotropy occurred in different magnetic fields. We showed the possibility of obtaining high density of domain walls in Co(111) film grown on the macrostep-bunched Si(111) by tuning the spatial step density of the Si(111) substrate.

Davydenko, A. V., E-mail: avdavydenko@gmail.com; Kozlov, A. G.; Chebotkevich, L. A. [Laboratory of Thin Film Technologies, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok 690950 (Russian Federation)

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

307

The Photodetector Plane of the 4m Davies Cotton Small Size Telescope for the Cherenkov Telescope Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photomultipliers (PMTs) are currently adopted for the photodetector plane of Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (IACTs). Even though PMT quantum efficiency has improved impressively in the recent years, one of the main limitation for their application in the gamma-astronomy field - the impossibility to operate with moon light - still remains. As a matter of fact, the light excess would lead to significant and faster camera ageing. Solid state detectors, in particular Geiger-mode avalanche photo-diodes (G-APDs) represent a valuable alternative solution to overcome this limitation as demonstrated in the field by the FACT experiment (The First G- APD Cherenkov Telescope). They can be regarded as a more promising long term approach, which can be easily adopted for the new generation of cameras and for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). We describe here the Photo-Detector Plane (PDP) of the camera for the 4 m Davies Cotton CTA Small Size Telescopes, for which large area G-APD coupled to non-imaging light c...

Boccone, V; Basili, A; Christov, A; della Volpe, M; Montaruli, T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Strain effects on in-plane conductance of the topological insulator Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the correlation between electrical transport and mechanical stress in a topological insulator, Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, using conductive probe atomic force microscopy in an ultrahigh vacuum environment. After directly measuring charge transport on the cleaved Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} surface, we found that the current density varied with applied load. Current mapping revealed a variation of the current on different terraces. The current density increased in the low-pressure regime and then decreased in the high-pressure regime. This variation of current density was explained in light of the combined effect of changes in the in-plane conductance due to spinorbit coupling and hexagonal warping.

Heui Hwang, Jin; Kwon, Sangku; Hun Kim, Jong; Young Park, Jeong, E-mail: jeongypark@kaist.ac.kr [Center for Nanomaterials and Chemical Reactions, Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Graduate School of EEWS, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Joonbum; Sung Kim, Jun [Department of Physics, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Jhinhwan [Department of Physics, KAIST, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Lyeo, Ho-Ki [Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, 267 Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-340 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

309

Coherent quantum states of a relativistic particle in an electromagnetic plane wave and a parallel magnetic field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze the solutions of the KleinGordon and Dirac equations describing a charged particle in an electromagnetic plane wave combined with a magnetic field parallel to the direction of propagation of the wave. It is shown that the KleinGordon equation admits coherent states as solutions, while the corresponding solutions of the Dirac equation are superpositions of coherent and displaced-number states. Particular attention is paid to the resonant case in which the motion of the particle is unbounded. -- Highlights: We study a relativistic electron in a particular electromagnetic field configuration. New exact solutions of the KleinGordon and Dirac equations are obtained. Coherent and displaced number states can describe a relativistic particle.

Colavita, E. [Colegio de Ciencia y Tecnologa, Universidad Autnoma de la Ciudad de Mxico, Mxico, D.F., 09790 (Mexico)] [Colegio de Ciencia y Tecnologa, Universidad Autnoma de la Ciudad de Mxico, Mxico, D.F., 09790 (Mexico); Hacyan, S., E-mail: hacyan@fisica.unam.mx [Instituto de Fsica, Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico, A. P. 20-364, Mxico D. F., 01000 (Mexico)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

310

A critical study of the Boussinesq adaptation of Flamant's plane stress elasticity solution, utilizing the digital computer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the method developed in this thesis. Input of External Load First a load P is applied to a semi-infinite plane A-B (See Fig. 3-2) which extends downward. The stresses at points of interest, these being the points that will be insi, de...(TSCt XBCI(4)=H H COX(TBCI TBC(lll H H 5(H(TSC( vectlz& z. s+H s(N(rect '/SCI(31 5 0+H 5(tt(TeC( 78(lth)-2. 5 tt ~ )lttttsCI tle CONTI(DE Xl 0 COIIPI/4. 1 0 (6 H- 0)/15. Dx 0 Col)t I/4 I XI IXI OX I/2 ~ oo 89 11 I h 12 I 26 13 I 40 14=1 70 Tec...

Moritz, Burt Edwin

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

WISEP J180026.60+013453.1: A NEARBY LATE-L DWARF NEAR THE GALACTIC PLANE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a nearby L7.5 dwarf discovered using the Preliminary Data Release of the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) and the Two Micron All Sky Survey. WISEP J180026.60+013453.1 has a motion of 0.42 arcsec yr{sup -1} and an estimated distance of 8.8 {+-} 1.0 pc. With this distance, it currently ranks as the sixth closest known L dwarf, although a trigonometric parallax is needed to confirm this distance. It was previously overlooked because it lies near the Galactic plane (b = 12 Degree-Sign ). As a relatively bright and nearby late L dwarf with normal near-infrared colors, W1800+0134 will serve as a benchmark for studies of cloud-related phenomena in cool substellar atmospheres.

Gizis, John E.; Castro, Philip J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States); Burgasser, Adam J. [Center for Astrophysics and Space Science, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States); Faherty, Jacqueline K.; Shara, Michael M. [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10034 (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

Terahertz intersubband absorption in non-polar m-plane AlGaN/GaN quantum wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate THz intersubband absorption (15.626.1?meV) in m-plane AlGaN/GaN quantum wells. We find a trend of decreasing peak energy with increasing quantum well width, in agreement with theoretical expectations. However, a blue-shift of the transition energy of up to 14?meV was observed relative to the calculated values. This blue-shift is shown to decrease with decreasing charge density and is, therefore, attributed to many-body effects. Furthermore, a??40% reduction in the linewidth (from roughly 8 to 5?meV) was obtained by reducing the total sheet density and inserting undoped AlGaN layers that separate the wavefunctions from the ionized impurities in the barriers.

Edmunds, C.; Malis, O., E-mail: omalis@purdue.edu [Physics Department, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Shao, J. [Physics Department, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Shirazi-HD, M. [Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Manfra, M. J. [Physics Department, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); School of Materials Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

313

Recombination dynamics of a localized exciton bound at basal stacking faults within the m-plane ZnO film  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the carrier dynamics near basal stacking faults (BSFs) in m-plane ZnO epitaxial film. The behaviors of the type-II quantum wells related to the BSFs are verified through time-resolved and time-integrated photoluminescence. The decay time of the emission of BSFs is observed to have a higher power law value and longer decay time than the emission of the donor-bound excitons. The spectral-dependent decay times reveal a phenomenon of carriers migrating among band tail states, which are related to the spatial distribution of the type-II quantum wells formed by the BSFs. A high density of excited carriers leads to a band bending effect, which in turn causes a blue-shift of the emission peak of BSFs with a broadened distribution of band tail states.

Yang, S.; Liu, W.-R. [Scientific Research Division, National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China); Hsu, H. C., E-mail: hsuhc@mail.ncku.edu.tw, E-mail: wfhsieh@mail.nctu.edu.tw [Department of Photonics and Advanced Optoelectronic Technology Center, National Cheng Kung University, 701 Tainan, Taiwan (China); Lin, B. H.; Hsu, C.-H. [Scientific Research Division, National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China); Department of Photonics and Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China); Kuo, C. C.; Hsieh, W. F., E-mail: hsuhc@mail.ncku.edu.tw, E-mail: wfhsieh@mail.nctu.edu.tw [Department of Photonics and Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China); Eriksson, M. O.; Holtz, P. O. [Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linkping University, Linkping (Sweden)

2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

314

Surface structure of protonated R-plane-sapphire (1-102) studied by sum frequency vibrational spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sum frequency vibrational spectroscopy was used to study the protonated R-plane (1{bar 1}02 ) sapphire surface. The OH stretch vibrational spectra show that the surface is terminated with three hydroxyl moieties, two from AlOH{sub 2} and one from Al{sub 2}OH functional groups. The observed polarization dependence allows determination of the orientations of the three OH species. The results suggest that the protonated sapphire (1{bar 1}02 ) surface differs from an ideal stoichimetric termination in a manner consistent with previous X-ray surface diffraction (crystal truncation rod) studies. However, in order to best explain the observed hydrogenbonding arrangement, surface oxygen spacing determined from the X-ray diffraction study requires modification.

Sung, J.; Zhang, L.; Tian, C.; Waychunas, G. A.; Shen, Y. R.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Complex-plane generalization of scalar Levin transforms: A robust, rapidly convergent method to compute potentials and fields in multi-layered media  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose the complex-plane generalization of a powerful algebraic sequence acceleration algorithm, the method of weighted averages (MWA), to guarantee exponential-cum-algebraic convergence of Fourier and FourierHankel (FH) integral transforms. This complex-plane MWA, effected via a linear-path detour in the complex plane, results in rapid, absolute convergence of field and potential solutions in multi-layered environments regardless of the source-observer geometry and anisotropy/loss of the media present. In this work, we first introduce a new integration path used to evaluate the field contribution arising from the radiation spectra. Subsequently, we (1) exhibit the foundational relations behind the complex-plane extension to a general Levin-type sequence convergence accelerator, (2) specialize this analysis to one member of the Levin transform family (the MWA), (3) address and circumvent restrictions, arising for two-dimensional integrals associated with wave dynamics problems, through minimal complex-plane detour restrictions and a novel partition of the integration domain, (4) develop and compare two formulations based on standard/real-axis MWA variants, and (5) present validation results and convergence characteristics for one of these two formulations.

Sainath, Kamalesh, E-mail: sainath.1@osu.edu [The Ohio State University, Electroscience Laboratory, 1330 Kinnear Road, Columbus, OH 43212 (United States); Teixeira, Fernando L., E-mail: teixeira@ece.osu.edu [The Ohio State University, Electroscience Laboratory, 1330 Kinnear Road, Columbus, OH 43212 (United States); Donderici, Burkay, E-mail: Burkay.Donderici@Halliburton.com [Halliburton, Sensor Physics and Technology, 3000 N. Sam Houston Pkwy E, Houston, TX 77032 (United States)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

316

Influence of growth temperature and temperature ramps on deep level defect incorporation in m-plane GaN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dependence of deep level defect incorporation in m-plane GaN films grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition on bulk m-plane GaN substrates as a function of growth temperature (T{sub g}) and T{sub g} ramping method was investigated using deep level optical spectroscopy. Understanding the influence of T{sub g} on GaN deep level incorporation is important for InGaN/GaN multi-quantum well (MQW) light emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes (LDs) because GaN quantum barrier (QB) layers are grown much colder than thin film GaN to accommodate InGaN QW growth. Deep level spectra of low T{sub g} (800?C) GaN films grown under QB conditions were compared to deep level spectra of high T{sub g} (1150?C) GaN. Reducing T{sub g}, increased the defect density significantly (>50) through introduction of emergent deep level defects at 2.09?eV and 2.9?eV below the conduction band minimum. However, optimizing growth conditions during the temperature ramp when transitioning from high to low T{sub g} substantially reduced the density of these emergent deep levels by approximately 40%. The results suggest that it is important to consider the potential for non-radiative recombination in QBs of LED or LD active regions, and tailoring the transition from high T{sub g} GaN growth to active layer growth can mitigate such non-radiative channels.

Armstrong, A. M., E-mail: aarmstr@sandia.gov [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Kelchner, K. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Nakamura, S.; DenBaars, S. P. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States) [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Speck, J. S. [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)] [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

317

Improved performance of HgCdTe infrared detector focal plane arrays by modulating light field based on photonic crystal structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An HgCdTe long-wavelength infrared focal plane array photodetector is proposed by modulating light distributions based on the photonic crystal. It is shown that a promising prospect of improving performance is better light harvest and dark current limitation. To optimize the photon field distributions of the HgCdTe-based photonic crystal structure, a numerical method is built by combining the finite-element modeling and the finite-difference time-domain simulation. The optical and electrical characteristics of designed HgCdTe mid-wavelength and long-wavelength photon-trapping infrared detector focal plane arrays are obtained numerically. The results indicate that the photon crystal structure, which is entirely compatible with the large infrared focal plane arrays, can significantly reduce the dark current without degrading the quantum efficiency compared to the regular mesa or planar structure.

Liang, Jian; Hu, Weida, E-mail: wdhu@mail.sitp.ac.cn; Ye, Zhenhua; Li, Zhifeng; Chen, Xiaoshuang, E-mail: xschen@mail.sitp.ac.cn; Lu, Wei [National Laboratory for Infrared Physics, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 500 Yu Tian Road, Shanghai 200083 (China); Liao, Lei [Department of Physics and Key Laboratory of Artificial Micro- and Nano-structures of Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China)

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

318

Uranium mineralization along a fault plane in tertiary sedimentary rocks in the McLean 5 Mine, Live Oak Conty, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

URAN1IUM MINERALIZATION ALONG A FAULT PLANE IN TERTIARY SEDIMENTARY ROCKS IN THE MCLEAN 5 MINE, LIVE OAK COUNTY, TEXAS A Thesis by BRENDA JEAN BOMBER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... as to sty1e and content by: Chairman of Committee Member Memb r H o De artment December 1980 ABSTRACT Uranium Mineralization along a Fault Plane in Tertiary Sedimentary Rocks in the McLean 5 Mine, Live Oak County, Texas. (December 1980) Brenda Jean...

Bomber, Brenda Jean

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Solar Phys (2009) 256: 307326 DOI 10.1007/s11207-009-9329-6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MINIMUM A Multispacecraft Analysis of a Small-Scale Transient Entrained by Solar Wind Streams A distribution. Minimum variance analysis of the magnetic field vectors shows that the SI is inclined at 54° to the orbital plane of the STEREO-A spacecraft. This inclination of the CIR SI is comparable to the inclination

California at Berkeley, University of

320

DOI 10.1007/s11207-009-9329-6 STEREO SCIENCE RESULTS AT SOLAR MINIMUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of a Small-Scale Transient Entrained by Solar Wind Streams A.P. Rouillard · N.P. Savani · J is inclined at 54° to the orbital plane of the STEREO-A spacecraft. This inclination of the CIR SI is comparable to the inclination of the associated plasma density wave observed by HI. A small-scale magnetic

Lockwood, Mike

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Hydraulic interactions between fractures and bedding planes in a carbonate aquifer studied by means of experimentally induced water-table fluctuations (Coaraze  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Hydraulic interactions between fractures and bedding planes in a carbonate aquifer studied high and low permeability regions are controlled by the hydraulic head gradient. Past studies have addressed this problem mainly considering steady- state hydraulic conditions. To study such exchanges during

Boyer, Edmond

322

Stationary Solutions of the NavierStokes Equations in a HalfPlane DownStream of an Object: Universality of the Wake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stationary Solutions of the NavierStokes Equations in a HalfPlane DownStream of an Object in the down--stream direction, the leading order deviation from the constant flow is universal, i--Stokes equations can be interpreted as a dynamical system, the down--stream direction playing the role of time

323

Low-power low-noise analog circuits for on-focal-plane signal processing of infrared sensors Bedabrata Pain, Sunetra K. Mendis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low-power low-noise analog circuits for on-focal-plane signal processing of infrared sensors imager performance are presented. To enable the detection of high background IR images, an in-pixel current-mode background suppression scheme is presented. The background suppression circuit consists

Fossum, Eric R.

324

(two dislocations of the same sign on the same plane) These dislocation pairs are discussed in more detail in chapters 4 and 5. As  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

their identification in the TEM is the same. In FCC materials stacking faults can be formed either by the splitting ,. I I Dotted Contrast t , True dislocation position t {b} 4 Fig. 3.8. Schematic diagram illustrating;39 By way of example consider a stacking fault on a {111} plane of an FCC material. As shown in 4.2 stacking

Cambridge, University of

325

Airoport(City,Country,NumberOfRunways) Flight(FlightID,Day,DepartCity,DepartTime,ArrCity,ArrTime,PlaneType)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Sidney leave, in alphabetical order. 7. The number of international flights that leave Boston on Thursday the airports without international flight and one not) 9. The French cities from which more than twenty direct(PlaneType,NumberOfPassengers) 5. The cities from which international flight leave. SELECT DepartCity FROM (Airport AS A1 INNER

326

Dynamic Ham-Sandwich Cuts of Convex Polygons in the Plane Timothy Abbott Erik D. Demaine Martin L. Demaine Daniel Kane Stefan Langerman y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). In particular, if we use the vertex-count measure, the intersection of these two lines gives a point of Tukey depth n=4, which serves as an ap- proximate Tukey median. 1 Introduction Finding a ham-sandwich cut Tukey median or centerpoint; see, e.g., [5]. A Tukey median of a subset S of the plane is a point

327

Phase-field simulation of electric-field-induced in-plane magnetic domain switching in magnetic/ferroelectric layered heterostructures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). An alternative approach to engineering low electric- field-induced magnetic domain switching at room temperaPhase-field simulation of electric-field-induced in-plane magnetic domain switching in magnetic. Phys. Lett. 99, 182510 (2011) Quantum tunneling of the Bloch point in a magnetic film with strong

Chen, Long-Qing

328

Out-of-plane (e,2e) angular distributions and energy spectra of helium L = 0,1,2 autoionizing levels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Angular distribution and spectral (e,2e) measurements are reported for the helium autoionizing levels (2s{sup 2}){sup 1}S, (2p{sup 2}){sup 1}D, and (2s2p){sup 1}P. A special out-of-plane geometry is used where the ejected electrons are emitted in a plane perpendicular to the scattered electron direction. The kinematics are chosen so that this plane contains the momentum-transfer direction. While the recoil peak almost vanishes in the angular distribution for direct ionization, it remains significant for the autoionizing levels and exhibits a characteristic shape for each orbital angular momentum L=0,1,2. A second-order model in the projectile-target interaction correctly reproduces the observed magnitudes of the recoil peaks, but is a factor of 2 too large in the central out-of-plane region. Observed (e,2e) energy spectra for the three resonances over the full angular range are well reproduced by the second-order calculation. Calculations using a first-order model fail to reproduce both the magnitudes of the recoil peaks and the spectral line profiles.

Harak, B. A. de [Physics Department, Illinois Wesleyan University, P.O. Box 2900, Bloomington, Illinois 61702-2900 (United States); Bartschat, K. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Drake University, Des Moines, Iowa 50311 (United States); Martin, N. L. S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

329

Development of a modular CdTe detector plane for gamma-ray burst detection below 100 keV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the development of an innovative CdTe detector plane (DPIX) optimized for the detection and localization of gamma-ray bursts in the X-ray band (below 100 keV). DPIX is part of an R&D program funded by the French Space Agency (CNES). DPIX builds upon the heritage of the ISGRI instrument, currently operating with great success on the ESA INTEGRAL mission. DPIX is an assembly of 200 elementary modules (XRDPIX) equipped with 32 CdTe Schottky detectors (4x4 mm2, 1 mm thickness) produced by ACRORAD Co. LTD. in Japan. These detectors offer good energy response up to 100 keV. Each XRDPIX is readout by the very low noise front-end electronics chip IDeF-X, currently under development at CEA/DSM/DAPNIA. In this paper, we describe the design of XRDPIX, the main features of the IDeF-X chip, and will present preliminary results of the reading out of one CdTe Schottky detector by the IDeF-X V1.0 chip. A low-energy threshold around 2.7 keV has been measured. This is to be compared with the 12-15 keV threshol...

Ehanno, M; Barret, D; Lacombe, K; Pons, R; Rouaix, G; Gevin, O; Limousin, O; Lugiez, F; Bardoux, A; Penquer, A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Development of a modular CdTe detector plane for gamma-ray burst detection below 100 keV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the development of an innovative CdTe detector plane (DPIX) optimized for the detection and localization of gamma-ray bursts in the X-ray band (below 100 keV). DPIX is part of an R&D program funded by the French Space Agency (CNES). DPIX builds upon the heritage of the ISGRI instrument, currently operating with great success on the ESA INTEGRAL mission. DPIX is an assembly of 200 elementary modules (XRDPIX) equipped with 32 CdTe Schottky detectors (4x4 mm2, 1 mm thickness) produced by ACRORAD Co. LTD. in Japan. These detectors offer good energy response up to 100 keV. Each XRDPIX is readout by the very low noise front-end electronics chip IDeF-X, currently under development at CEA/DSM/DAPNIA. In this paper, we describe the design of XRDPIX, the main features of the IDeF-X chip, and will present preliminary results of the reading out of one CdTe Schottky detector by the IDeF-X V1.0 chip. A low-energy threshold around 2.7 keV has been measured. This is to be compared with the 12-15 keV threshold of the ISGRI-INTEGRAL and BAT-SWIFT instruments, which both use similar detector material.

M. Ehanno; C. Amoros; D. Barret; K. Lacombe; R. Pons; G. Rouaix; O. Gevin; O. Limousin; F. Lugiez; A. Bardoux; A. Penquer

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

331

Influence of gap spacing on the characteristics of Trichel pulse generated in point-to-plane discharge gaps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, the specific characteristics of the Trichel pulse generated in wide point-to-plane discharge gaps are investigated and compared with those of the currents generated in narrow gaps. A set of empirical formulas are derived to describe the specific characteristics. The influence of the gap spacing both on the current characteristics and on the coefficients of the formulas is studied. Based on the experiment results, an improvement is made to the space charge calculation method proposed by Lama and Gallo [J. Appl. Phys. 45, 103113 (1974)] and the calculation results are compared to the ones obtained with Lama and Gallo's original method. With the influence of the space charge considered, the modified method obtains more accurate results of the space charge accumulating in the gap and gives a more precise description of the motion of the space charge in the gap. Based on the calculation results, the influence of the space charge on the distribution of the electric field is examined and the influence of the gap spacing on the current characteristics is also studied.

Li, Zhen, E-mail: leezhen1988@gmail.com; Zhang, Bo, E-mail: shizbcn@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn; He, Jinliang, E-mail: hejl@tsinghua.edu.cn; Xu, Yongsheng, E-mail: evebus@163.com [State Key Laboratory of Power Systems, Department of Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Power Systems, Department of Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

Electro-hydrodynamics and kinetic modelling of polluted air flow activated by multi-tip-to-plane corona discharge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present paper is devoted to the 2D simulation of an Atmospheric Corona Discharge Reactor (ACDR) involving 10 pins powered by a DC high voltage and positioned 7 mm above a grounded metallic plane. The corona reactor is periodically crossed by thin mono filamentary streamers with a natural repetition frequency of some tens of kHz. The simulation involves the electro-dynamic, chemical kinetic, and neutral gas hydrodynamic phenomena that influence the kinetics of the chemical species transformation. Each discharge stage (including the primary and the secondary streamers development and the resulting thermal shock) lasts about one hundred nanoseconds while the post-discharge stages occurring between two successive discharge phases last one hundred microseconds. The ACDR is crossed by a lateral air flow including 400 ppm of NO. During the considered time scale of 10 ms, one hundred discharge/post-discharge cycles are simulated. The simulation involves the radical formation and thermal exchange between the discharges and the background gas. The results show how the successive discharges activate the flow gas and how the induced turbulence phenomena affect the redistribution of the thermal energy and the chemical kinetics inside the ACDR.

Meziane, M.; Eichwald, O.; Ducasse, O.; Marchal, F. [Universite de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, LAPLACE (Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie), Toulouse Cedex 9 F-31062 (France); Sarrette, J. P.; Yousfi, M. [Universite de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, LAPLACE (Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie), Toulouse Cedex 9 F-31062 (France); CNRS, LAPLACE, Toulouse F-31062 (France)

2013-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

333

SPECTROSCOPIC CONFIRMATION OF UV-BRIGHT WHITE DWARFS FROM THE SANDAGE TWO-COLOR SURVEY OF THE GALACTIC PLANE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present spectroscopic observations confirming the identification of hot white dwarfs among UV-bright sources from the Sandage Two-color Survey of the Galactic Plane and listed in the Lanning (Lan) catalog of such sources. A subsample of 213 UV-bright Lan sources have been identified as candidate white dwarfs based on the detection of a significant proper motion. Spectroscopic observations of 46 candidates with the KPNO 2.1 m telescope confirm 30 sources to be hydrogen white dwarfs with subtypes in the DA1-DA6 range, and with one of the stars (Lan 161) having an unresolved M dwarf as a companion. Five more sources are confirmed to be helium white dwarfs, with subtypes from DB3 to DB6. One source (Lan 364) is identified as a DZ 3 white dwarf, with strong lines of calcium. Three more stars are found to have featureless spectra (to within detection limits) and are thus classified as DC white dwarfs. In addition, three sources are found to be hot subdwarfs: Lan 20 and Lan 480 are classified as sdOB, and Lan 432 is classified sdB. The remaining four objects are found to be field F star interlopers. Physical parameters of the DA and DB white dwarfs are derived from model fits.

Lepine, Sebastien [Department of Astrophysics, Division of Physical Sciences, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024 (United States); Bergeron, P. [Departement de Physique, Universite de Montreal, C.P. 6128, Succursale Centre-Ville, Montreal, QC H3C 3J7 (Canada); Lanning, Howard H., E-mail: lepine@amnh.org [National Optical Astronomical Observatories, 940 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ (United States)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

334

Resonance absorption in CO2 laser-plane targets interaction experiments C. Garban-Labaune, E. Fabre, F. David, J. Maignan and A. Michard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L-463 Resonance absorption in CO2 laser-plane targets interaction experiments C. Garban-Labaune, E) Résumé. 2014 Nous avons étudié l'influence de la polarisation et de l'angle d'incidence sur l'absorption des flux de 5 x 1011- 5 1012 W/cm2. Les mesures d'absorption sont obtenues à partir de la mesure

Boyer, Edmond

335

Measurement of event-plane correlations in sqrt(s_NN)=2.76 TeV lead-lead collisions with the ATLAS detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A measurement of event-plane correlations involving two or three event planes of different order is presented as a function of centrality for 7 ub-1 Pb+Pb collision data at sqrt(s_NN)=2.76 TeV, recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. Fourteen correlators are measured using a standard event-plane method and a scalar-product method, and the latter method is found to give a systematically larger correlation signal. Several different trends in the centrality dependence of these correlators are observed. These trends are not reproduced by predictions based on the Glauber model, which includes only the correlations from the collision geometry in the initial state. Calculations that include the final-state collective dynamics are able to describe qualitatively, and in some cases also quantitatively, the centrality dependence of the measured correlators. These observations suggest that both the fluctuations in the initial geometry and non-linear mixing between different harmonics in the final state are important for creating these correlations in momentum space.

ATLAS Collaboration

2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

336

Anisotropic surface phonon dispersion of the hydrogen-terminated Si(110)-(11) surface: One-dimensional phonons propagating along the glide planes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have measured the surface phonon dispersion curves on the hydrogen-terminated Si(110)-(11) surface with the two-dimensional space group of p2mg along the two highly symmetric and rectangular directions of ?X{sup } and ?X{sup ?} using high-resolution electron-energy-loss spectroscopy. All the essential energy-loss peaks on H:Si(110) were assigned to the vibrational phonon modes by using the selection rules of inelastic electron scattering including the glide-plane symmetry. Actually, the surface phonon modes of even-symmetry to the glide plane (along ?X{sup }) were observed in the first Brillouin zone, and those of odd-symmetry to the glide plane were in the second Brillouin zone. The detailed assignment was made by referring to theoretical phonon dispersion curves of Grschus et al. [Phys. Rev. B 56, 6482 (1997)]. We found that the HSi stretching and bending modes, which exhibit highly anisotropic dispersion, propagate along ?X{sup } direction as a one-dimensional phonon. Judging from the surface structure as well as our classical and quantum mechanical estimations, the HSi stretching phonon propagates by a direct repulsive interaction between the nearest neighbor H atoms facing each other along ?X{sup }, whereas the HSi bending phonon propagates by indirect interaction through the substrate Si atomic linkage.

Matsushita, Stephane Yu; Matsui, Kazuki; Kato, Hiroki; Suto, Shozo, E-mail: suto@surface.phys.tohoku.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan)] [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Yamada, Taro [RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako-shi, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)] [RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako-shi, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

337

A NEAR-INFRARED SURVEY OF THE INNER GALACTIC PLANE FOR WOLF-RAYET STARS. II. GOING FAINTER: 71 MORE NEW W-R STARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We are continuing a J, K and narrowband imaging survey of 300 deg{sup 2} of the plane of the Galaxy, searching for new Wolf-Rayet (W-R) stars. Our survey spans 150 Degree-Sign in Galactic longitude and reaches 1 Degree-Sign above and below the Galactic plane. The survey has a useful limiting magnitude of K = 15 over most of the observed Galactic plane, and K = 14 (due to severe crowding) within a few degrees of the Galactic center. Thousands of emission-line candidates have been detected. In spectrographic follow-ups of 146 relatively bright W-R star candidates, we have re-examined 11 previously known WC and WN stars and discovered 71 new W-R stars, 17 of type WN and 54 of type WC. Our latest image analysis pipeline now picks out W-R stars with a 57% success rate. Star subtype assignments have been confirmed with the K-band spectra and distances approximated using the method of spectroscopic parallax. Some of the new W-R stars are among the most distant known in our Galaxy. The distribution of these new W-R stars is beginning to trace the locations of massive stars along the distant spiral arms of the Milky Way.

Shara, Michael M.; Faherty, Jacqueline K.; Zurek, David [American Museum of Natural History, 79th Street and Central Park West, New York, NY 10024-5192 (United States); Moffat, Anthony F. J.; Doyon, Rene [Departement de Physique, Universite de Montreal, CP 6128, Succ. C-V, Montreal, QC, H3C 3J7 (Canada); Gerke, Jill [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210-1173 (United States); Artigau, Etienne; Drissen, Laurent, E-mail: mshara@amnh.org, E-mail: jfaherty@amnh.org, E-mail: dzurek@amnh.org, E-mail: moffat@astro.umontreal.ca, E-mail: doyon@astro.umontreal.ca, E-mail: gerke@astronomy.ohio-state.edu, E-mail: artigau@astro.umontreal.ca, E-mail: ldrissen@phy.ulaval.ca [Departement de Physique, Universite Laval, Pavillon Vachon, Quebec City, QC, G1K 7P4 (Canada)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

338

How the inclination of Earth's orbit affects incoming solar irradiance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the quiet Sun, surfaces of constant optical depth within sunspot umbra are located at deeper geometric

339

Body Force Model for the Aerodynamics of Inclined Perforated Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the mean velocity field inside and in the wake of the flaps while the numerical analysis comprised direct this finding. The resulting velocity field is in good agreement with the experiments and with the direct used in geophysical and civil engineering applications as wind shelters [8]. Common to all

Papamoschou, Dimitri

340

An experimental investigation of sand transport in inclined eccentric annuli  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'fill-up' period. Okranjniso studied the effects of fluid rheology in 1981. He pointed out the importance of yield value on cuttings transport, and showed that the ratio of yield point over plastic viscosity (YP/PV) has significant effect on particle... beds are substantially reduced by small increases in mud weight. 3) Drillpipe rotation reduces annular cuttings buildup under certain conditions. 4) Under normal drilling practices, as much as half the annular area can be filled with a cuttings bed...

McClellan, John Christopher

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Strati?ed shear ?ow: experiments in an inclined duct  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is a fundamental problem in fluid mechanics with important implications across a wide diversity of applications from mixing in the oceans and atmosphere down to scales Email address for correspondence: colinrmeyer@gmail.com. 2 C. R. Meyer and P. F... force produces a constant acceleration on each layer (Thorpe 1968) implying that U ? 2gAt sin ?. Over the time it takes for fluid to transit the duct t ? L/U this acceleration would produce a layer kinetic energy (per unit mass) U2 ? gAL sin ?...

Meyer, Colin R.; Linden, P.F.

2014-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

342

A Theoretical Structural Impairment Detection System for Timber Railway Bridges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

function of position on the bridge. Wheel path accelerations were obtained by numerically differentiating the vertical displacements. The accelerations were then used to train neural networks to have an input of an acceleration vector and an output of a...

Orsak, John

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

343

Vibration from underground railways: considering piled foundations and twin tunnels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Shown from top to bottom: schematic of the loaded beam; displacement w; rotation ? = dwdz ; moment M = ?EI d2wdz2 ; and shear force F = ?EI d 3w dz3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 2.7 Infinite beam loaded with moment M0. Shown from top... to bottom: schematic of the loaded beam; displacement w; rotation ? = dwdz ; mo- ment M = ?EI d2wdz2 ; and shear force F = ?EI d 3w dz3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 vii 2.8 (a) Infinite beam loaded with mirror-image forces P acting in the same direction...

Kuo, Kirsty Alison

2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

344

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- American Railway Express Office - NY  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou are here Home » SitesNJ 24Alexandria -TX

345

Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:GreerHiCalifornia: Energythe Second WorkshopLakeCorporation | Open

346

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Railway Makes Tracks With  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUCProductstwrmrAreSmartWayElectricityAlternativeProductionBiodiesel New

347

Possible origin of the nonmonotonic doping dependence of the in-plane resistivity anisotropy of Ba(Fe1-xTx)?As? (T=Co, Ni and Cu)  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

The in-plane resistivity anisotropy has been measured for detwinned single crystals of Ba(Fe1-xNix)?As? and Ba(Fe1-xCux)?As?. The data reveal a nonmonotonic doping dependence, similar to previous observations for Ba(Fe1-xCox)?As?. Magnetotransport measurements of the parent compound reveal a nonlinear Hall coefficient and a large linear term in the transverse magnetoresistance. Both effects are rapidly suppressed with chemical substitution over a similar compositional range as the onset of the large in-plane resistivity anisotropy. This suggests that the relatively small in-plane anisotropy of the parent compound in the spin-density wave state is due to the presence of an isotropic, high mobility pocket of the reconstructed Fermi surface. Progressive suppression of the contribution to the conductivity arising from this isotropic pocket with chemical substitution eventually reveals the underlying in-plane anisotropy associated with the remaining Fermi surface pockets

Kuo, Hsueh-Hui; Chu, Jiun-Haw; Riggs, Scott C.; Yu, Leo; McMahon, Peter L.; De Greve, Kristiaan; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa; Analytis, James G.; Fisher, Ian R.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

A forgotten little chapter on isoperimetric inequalities: On the fraction of a convex and closed plane area lying outside a circle with which it shares a diameter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Often some interesting or simply curious points are left out when developing a theory. It seems that one of them is the existence of an upper bound for the fraction of area of a convex and closed plane area lying outside a circle with which it shares a diameter, a problem stemming from the theory of isoperimetric inequalities. In this paper such a bound is constructed and shown to be attained for a particular area. It is also shown that convexity is a necessary condition in order to avoid the whole area lying outside the circle.

Jose M. Pacheco

2007-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

349

Benefits of homoepitaxy on the properties of nonpolar (Zn,Mg)O/ZnO quantum wells on a-plane ZnO substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the properties of nonpolar (Zn,Mg)O/ZnO quantum wells (QW) homoepitaxially grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a-plane ZnO substrates. We demonstrate a drastic improvement of the structural properties. We compare the photoluminescence properties of nonpolar homoepitaxial QWs and nonpolar heteroepitaxial QWs grown on sapphire and show that the reduction in structural defects and the improvement of surface morphology are correlated with a strong enhancement of the photoluminescence properties: reduction in full width at half maximum, strong increase in the luminescence intensities and their thermal stability. The comparison convincingly demonstrates the interest of homoepitaxial nonpolar QWs for bright UV emission applications.

Chauveau, J.-M.; Vinter, B. [Centre de Recherche sur l'Hetero-Epitaxie et ses Applications (CRHEA), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Rue B. Gregory, F-06560 Valbonne Sophia Antipolis (France); University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, Parc Valrose, F-06102 Nice Cedex 2 (France); Teisseire, M.; Kim-Chauveau, H.; Deparis, C.; Morhain, C. [Centre de Recherche sur l'Hetero-Epitaxie et ses Applications (CRHEA), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Rue B. Gregory, F-06560 Valbonne Sophia Antipolis (France)

2010-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

350

Composition dependence of the in-plane Cu-O bond-stretching LO phonon mode in YBa2Cu3O6+x  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An inelastic pulsed neutron scattering study was performed on the dependence of the dispersion and spectral intensity of the in-plane Cu-O bond-stretching LO phonon mode on doped charge density. The measurements were made in the time-of-flight mode with the multiangle position sensitive spectrometer of the ISIS facility on single crystals of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} (x=0.15, 0.35, 0.6, 0.7, and 0.95). The focus of the study is the in-plane Cu-O bond-stretching LO phonon mode, which is known for strong electron-phonon coupling and unusual dependence on composition and temperature. It is shown that the dispersions for the samples with x=0.35, 0.6, and 0.7 are similar to the superposition of those for x=0.15 and 0.95 samples, and cannot be explained in terms of the structural anisotropy. It is suggested that the results are consistent with the model of nanoscale electronic phase separation, with the fraction of the phases being dependent on the doped charge density.

Stercil, F. [University of Pennsylvania; Egami, T. [University of Pennsylvania; Mook Jr, Herbert A [ORNL; Yethiraj, Mohana [ORNL; Chung, J.-H. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Arai, M. [Institute of Materials Structure Science, Japan; Frost, C. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory; Dogan, F. [University of Washington, Seattle

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Stochastic bifurcation and fractal and chaos control of a giant magnetostrictive film-shape memory alloy composite cantilever plate subjected to in-plane harmonic and stochastic excitation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stochastic bifurcation and fractal and chaos control of a giant magnetostrictive filmshape memory alloy (GMFSMA) composite cantilever plate subjected to in-plane harmonic and stochastic excitation were studied. Van der Pol items were improved to interpret the hysteretic phenomena of both GMF and SMA, and the nonlinear dynamic model of a GMFSMA composite cantilever plate subjected to in-plane harmonic and stochastic excitation was developed. The probability density function of the dynamic response of the system was obtained, and the conditions of stochastic Hopf bifurcation were analyzed. The conditions of noise-induced chaotic response were obtained in the stochastic Melnikov integral method, and the fractal boundary of the safe basin of the system was provided. Finally, the chaos control strategy was proposed in the stochastic dynamic programming method. Numerical simulation shows that stochastic Hopf bifurcation and chaos appear in the parameter variation process. The boundary of the safe basin of the system has fractal characteristics, and its area decreases when the noise intensifies. The system reliability was improved through stochastic optimal control, and the safe basin area of the system increased.

Zhu, Zhiwen, E-mail: zhuzhiwentju@163.com [Department of Mechanics, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China); Tianjin Key Laboratory of Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos Control, Tianjin 300072 (China); Zhang, Qingxin, E-mail: zqxfirst@163.com; Xu, Jia, E-mail: xujia-ld@163.com [Department of Mechanics, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

352

Current-induced electrical self-oscillations across out-of-plane threshold switches based on VO{sub 2} layers integrated in crossbars geometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrically activated metal-insulator transition (MIT) in vanadium dioxide (VO{sub 2}) is widely studied from both fundamental and practical points of view. It can give valuable insights on the currently controversial phase transition mechanism in this material and, at the same time, allows the development of original MIT-based electronic devices. Electrically triggered insulator-metal transitions are demonstrated in novel out-of-plane, metal-oxide-metal type devices integrating a VO{sub 2} thin film, upon applying moderate threshold voltages. It is shown that the current-voltage characteristics of such devices present clear negative differential resistance effects supporting the onset of continuous, current-driven phase oscillations across the vanadium dioxide material. The frequencies of these self-sustained oscillations are ranging from 90 to 300?kHz and they may be tuned by adjusting the injected current. A phenomenological model of the device and its command circuit is developed, and allows to extract the analytical expressions of the oscillation frequencies and to simulate the electrical oscillatory phenomena developed across the VO{sub 2} material. Such out-of-plane devices may further contribute to the general understanding of the driving mechanism in metal-insulator transition materials and devices, a prerequisite to promising applications in high speed/high frequency networks of oscillatory or resistive memories circuits.

Beaumont, A.; Leroy, J.; Crunteanu, A., E-mail: aurelian.crunteanu@xlim.fr [XLIM Research Institute UMR 7252, CNRS/University of Limoges, 123 avenue Albert Thomas, 87060 Limoges (France); Orlianges, J.-C. [SPCTS UMR 7513, CNRS/University of Limoges, 12 rue Atlantis, 87068 Limoges (France)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

353

Long wavelength emitting GaInN quantum wells on metamorphic GaInN buffer layers with enlarged in-plane lattice parameter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metamorphic (i.e., linear composition graded) GaInN buffer layers with an increased in-plane lattice parameter, grown by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy, were used as templates for metal organic vapor phase epitaxy (MOVPE) grown GaInN/GaInN quantum wells (QWs), emitting in the green to red spectral region. A composition pulling effect was observed allowing considerable higher growth temperatures for the QWs for a given In composition. The internal quantum efficiency (IQE) of the QWs was determined by temperature and excitation power density dependent photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. An increase in IQE by a factor of two was found for green emitting QWs grown on metamorphic GaInN buffer compared to reference samples grown on standard GaN buffer layers. The ratio of room temperature to low temperature intensity PL of the red emitting QWs were found to be comparable to the PL efficiency of green emitting QWs, both grown on metamorphic GaInN buffers. The excitation density and well width dependence of the IQE indicate a reduction of the quantum confined Stark effect upon growth on GaInN buffer layers with increased in-plane lattice parameter.

Dubler, J., E-mail: juergen.daeubler@iaf.fraunhofer.de; Passow, T.; Aidam, R.; Khler, K.; Kirste, L.; Kunzer, M.; Wagner, J. [Fraunhofer-Institut fr Angewandte Festkrperphysik, Tullastrasse 72, 79108 Freiburg (Germany)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

Electron acceleration and emission in a field of a plane and converging dipole wave of relativistic amplitudes with the radiation reaction force taken into account  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comparative analysis is performed of the electron emission characteristics as the electrons move in laser fields with ultra-relativistic intensity and different configurations corresponding to a plane or tightly focused wave. For a plane travelling wave, analytical expressions are derived for the emission characteristics, and it is shown that the angular distribution of the radiation intensity changes qualitatively even when the wave intensity is much less than that in the case of the radiation-dominated regime. An important conclusion is drawn that the electrons in a travelling wave tend to synchronised motion under the radiation reaction force. The characteristic features of the motion of electrons are found in a converging dipole wave, associated with the curvature of the phase front and nonuniformity of the field distribution. The values of the maximum achievable longitudinal momenta of electrons accelerated to the centre, as well as their distribution function are determined. The existence of quasi-periodic trajectories near the focal region of the dipole wave is shown, and the characteristics of the emission of both accelerated and oscillating electrons are analysed. (extreme light fields and their applications)

Bashinov, Aleksei V; Gonoskov, Arkady A; Kim, A V; Marklund, Mattias; Mourou, G; Sergeev, Aleksandr M

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

355

" Rotating, In Plane Magnetization and Magneto-Optic Imaging of Cracks in Thick-Section Steel Under Stainless-Steel Cladding".  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nondestructive inspection (NDI) of thick-section steel nuclear reactor pressure vessels (RPV'S) is rendered difficult by rough stainless steel cladding. Because the cladding condition is poorly known in most RPV's, an NDI technique that is unaffected by cladding roughness would be a major advance. Magneto-optic imaging is one such technique. The purpose of this project was to develop a novel method to induce rotating, in-plane magnetization, and to combine this capability with magneto-optic imaging to produce a self-contained inspection system. Imaging of cracks under thick cladding (0.250 inches) was demonstrated using a system capable, in principle, of performing robotic inspections, both inside & outside a typical boiling water reactor (BWR) RPV. This report, together publications listed, constitutes a comprehensive account of this work.

Gerald Fitzpatrick & Richard Skaugset

2000-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

356

Event-plane dependent dihadron correlations with harmonic $v_n$ subtraction in Au+Au Collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{_{\\rm NN}}}=200$ GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STAR measurements of dihadron azimuthal correlations ($\\Delta\\phi$) are reported in mid-central (20-60\\%) Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{_{\\rm NN}}}=200$ GeV as a function of the trigger particle's azimuthal angle relative to the event plane, $\\phi_{s}=|\\phi_{t}-\\psi_{\\rm EP}|$. The elliptic ($v_2$), triangular ($v_3$), and quadratic ($v_4$) flow harmonic backgrounds are subtracted using the Zero Yield At Minimum (ZYAM) method. The results are compared to minimum-bias d+Au collisions. It is found that a finite near-side ($|\\Delta\\phi|\\pi/2$) correlation shows a modification from d+Au data, varying with $\\phi_{s}$. The modification may be a consequence of pathlength-dependent jet-quenching and may lead to a better understanding of high-density QCD.

STAR Collaboration

2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

357

Room temperature in-plane ?100? magnetic easy axis for Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/SrTiO{sub 3}(001):Nb grown by infrared pulsed laser deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine the magnetic easy-axis directions of stoichiometric magnetite films grown on SrTiO{sub 3}:Nb by infrared pulsed-laser deposition. Spin-polarized low-energy electron microscopy reveals that the individual magnetic domains are magnetized along the in-plane ?100? film directions. Magneto-optical Kerr effect measurements show that the maxima of the remanence and coercivity are also along in-plane ?100? film directions. This easy-axis orientation differs from bulk magnetite and films prepared by other techniques, establishing that the magnetic anisotropy can be tuned by film growth.

Monti, Matteo; Sanz, Mikel; Oujja, Mohamed; Rebollar, Esther; Castillejo, Marta; Marco, Jos F.; Figuera, Juan de la, E-mail: juan.delafiguera@iqfr.csic.es [Instituto de Qumica Fsica Rocasolano, CSIC, Madrid E-28006 (Spain); Pedrosa, Francisco J.; Bollero, Alberto [IMDEA Nanociencia, Instituto Madrileo de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia, Madrid E-28049 (Spain); Camarero, Julio; Cuado, Jose Luis F. [IMDEA Nanociencia, Instituto Madrileo de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia, Madrid E-28049 (Spain); Dpto. de Fsica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autnoma de Madrid, Madrid E-28049 (Spain); Nemes, Norbert M. [Dpto. de Fsica Aplicada III, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid E-28040 (Spain); Mompean, Federico J.; Garcia-Hernndez, Mar [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, CSIC, Madrid E-28049 (Spain); Nie, Shu; McCarty, Kevin F. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); N'Diaye, Alpha T.; Chen, Gong; Schmid, Andreas K. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2013-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

358

Deep levels in a-plane, high Mg-content Mg{sub x}Zn{sub 1-x}O epitaxial layers grown by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deep level defects in n-type unintentionally doped a-plane Mg{sub x}Zn{sub 1-x}O, grown by molecular beam epitaxy on r-plane sapphire were fully characterized using deep level optical spectroscopy (DLOS) and related methods. Four compositions of Mg{sub x}Zn{sub 1-x}O were examined with x = 0.31, 0.44, 0.52, and 0.56 together with a control ZnO sample. DLOS measurements revealed the presence of five deep levels in each Mg-containing sample, having energy levels of E{sub c} - 1.4 eV, 2.1 eV, 2.6 V, and E{sub v} + 0.3 eV and 0.6 eV. For all Mg compositions, the activation energies of the first three states were constant with respect to the conduction band edge, whereas the latter two revealed constant activation energies with respect to the valence band edge. In contrast to the ternary materials, only three levels, at E{sub c} - 2.1 eV, E{sub v} + 0.3 eV, and 0.6 eV, were observed for the ZnO control sample in this systematically grown series of samples. Substantially higher concentrations of the deep levels at E{sub v} + 0.3 eV and E{sub c} - 2.1 eV were observed in ZnO compared to the Mg alloyed samples. Moreover, there is a general invariance of trap concentration of the E{sub v} + 0.3 eV and 0.6 eV levels on Mg content, while at least and order of magnitude dependency of the E{sub c} - 1.4 eV and E{sub c} - 2.6 eV levels in Mg alloyed samples.

Guer, Emre [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Atatuerk University, Erzurum 25240 (Turkey); 205 Dreese Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The Ohio State University, 2015 Neil Avenue, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1272 (United States); Tabares, G.; Hierro, A. [Dpto. Ingenieria Electronica and ISOM, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Arehart, A.; Ringel, S. A. [205 Dreese Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ohio State University, 2015 Neil Avenue, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1272 (United States); Chauveau, J. M. [CRHEA-CNRS, 06560 Valbonne (France); University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, ParcValrose, 06102 Nice Cedex 2 (France)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

359

Azimuthal correlation between the $(\\vec{p}_l,\\vec{p}_{X_b})$ and $(\\vec{p}_l,\\vec{P}_t)$ planes in the semileptonic rest frame decay of a polarized top quark: An $O(?_s)$ effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The azimuthal correlation between the planes formed by the vectors $(\\vec{p}_\\ell,\\vec{p}_{X_b})$ and $(\\vec{p}_\\ell,\\vec{P}_t)$ in the semileptonic rest frame decay of a polarized top quark $t(\\uparrow) \\to X_b + l^+ + \

S. Groote; W. S. Huo; A. Kadeer; J. G. Korner

2008-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

360

Interfacial structure and defect analysis of nonpolar ZnO films grown on R-plane sapphire by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The interfacial relationship and the microstructure of nonpolar (11-20) ZnO films epitaxially grown on (1-102) R-plane sapphire by molecular beam epitaxy are investigated by transmission electron microscopy. The already-reported epitaxial relationships [1-100]{sub ZnO} parallel [11-20]{sub sapphire} and <0001>{sub ZnO} parallel [-1101]{sub sapphire} are confirmed, and we have determined the orientation of the Zn-O (cation-anion) bond along [0001]{sub ZnO} in the films as being uniquely defined with respect to a reference surface Al-O bond on the sapphire substrate. The microstructure of the films is dominated by the presence of I{sub 1} basal stacking faults [density=(1-2)x10{sup 5} cm{sup -1}] and related partial dislocations [density=(4-7)x10{sup 10} cm{sup -2}]. It is shown that I{sub 1} basal stacking faults correspond to dissociated perfect dislocations, either c or a+c type.

Vennegues, P.; Korytov, M.; Deparis, C.; Zuniga-Perez, J.; Morhain, C. [Centre de Recherche sur l'Hetero-Epitaxie et ses Applications, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CRHEA-CNRS, Rue Bernard Gregory, Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne (France); Chauveau, J. M. [Centre de Recherche sur l'Hetero-Epitaxie et ses Applications, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CRHEA-CNRS, Rue Bernard Gregory, Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne (France); Physics Department, University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Parc Valrose 06103 Nice (France)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Simultaneous solution algorithms for Eulerian-Eulerian gas-solid flow models: Stability analysis and convergence behaviour of a point and a plane solver  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Simultaneous solution algorithms for Eulerian-Eulerian gas-solid flow models are presented and their stability analyzed. The integration algorithms are based on dual-time stepping with fourth-order Runge-Kutta in pseudo-time. The domain is solved point or plane wise. The discretization of the inviscid terms is based on a low-Mach limit of the multi-phase preconditioned advection upstream splitting method (MP-AUSMP). The numerical stability of the simultaneous solution algorithms is analyzed in 2D with the Fourier method. Stability results are compared with the convergence behaviour of 3D riser simulations. The impact of the grid aspect ratio, preconditioning, artificial dissipation, and the treatment of the source terms is investigated. A particular advantage of the simultaneous solution algorithms is that they allow a fully implicit treatment of the source terms which are of crucial importance for the Eulerian-Eulerian gas-solid flow models and their solution. The numerical stability of the optimal simultaneous solution algorithm is analyzed for different solids volume fractions and gas-solid slip velocities. Furthermore, the effect of the grid resolution on the convergence behaviour and the simulation results is investigated. Finally, simulations of the bottom zone of a pilot-scale riser with a side solids inlet are experimentally validated.

Wilde, Juray de [Laboratorium voor Petrochemische Techniek, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281, Blok S5, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium) and Fluid Mechanics Laboratory, Department of Fluid, Heat and Combustion Mechanics, Ghent University, St.-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium)]. E-mail: Guray.Marin@UGent.be; Vierendeels, Jan [Fluid Mechanics Laboratory, Department of Fluid, Heat and Combustion Mechanics, Ghent University, St.-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Heynderickx, Geraldine J. [Laboratorium voor Petrochemische Techniek, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281, Blok S5, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Marin, Guy B. [Laboratorium voor Petrochemische Techniek, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281, Blok S5, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium)

2005-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

362

Measurements of Dihadron Correlations Relative to the Event Plane in Au+Au Collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dihadron azimuthal correlations containing a high transverse momentum ($\\pt$) trigger particle are sensitive to the properties of the nuclear medium created at RHIC through the strong interactions occurring between the traversing parton and the medium, i.e. jet-quenching. Previous measurements revealed a strong modification to dihadron azimuthal correlations in Au+Au collisions with respect to \\pp\\ and \\dAu\\ collisions. The modification increases with the collision centrality, suggesting a path-length dependence to the jet-quenching effect. This paper reports STAR measurements of dihadron azimuthal correlations in mid-central (20-60\\%) Au+Au collisions at $\\snn=200$~GeV as a function of the trigger particle's azimuthal angle relative to the event plane, $\\phis=|\\phit-\\psiEP|$. The azimuthal correlation is studied as a function of both the trigger and associated particle $\\pt$. The subtractions of the combinatorial background and anisotropic flow, assuming Zero Yield At Minimum (\\zyam), are described. The away-side correlation is strongly modified, and the modification varies with $\\phis$, which is expected to be related to the path-length that the away-side parton traverses. The pseudo-rapidity ($\\deta$) dependence of the near-side correlation, sensitive to long range $\\deta$ correlations (the ridge), is also investigated. The ridge and jet-like components of the near-side correlation are studied as a function of $\\phis$. The ridge appears to drop with increasing $\\phis$ while the jet-like component remains approximately constant. ...

H. Agakishiev; M. M. Aggarwal; Z. Ahammed; A. V. Alakhverdyants; I. Alekseev; J. Alford; B. D. Anderson; C. D. Anson; D. Arkhipkin; G. S. Averichev; J. Balewski; D. R. Beavis; N. K. Behera; R. Bellwied; M. J. Betancourt; R. R. Betts; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; H. Bichsel; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; B. Biritz; L. C. Bland; W. Borowski; J. Bouchet; E. Braidot; A. V. Brandin; A. Bridgeman; S. G. Brovko; E. Bruna; S. Bueltmann; I. Bunzarov; T. P. Burton; X. Z. Cai; H. Caines; M. Caldern de la Barca Snchez; D. Cebra; R. Cendejas; M. C. Cervantes; Z. Chajecki; P. Chaloupka; S. Chattopadhyay; H. F. Chen; J. H. Chen; J. Y. Chen; L. Chen; J. Cheng; M. Cherney; A. Chikanian; K. E. Choi; W. Christie; P. Chung; M. J. M. Codrington; R. Corliss; J. G. Cramer; H. J. Crawford; S. Dash; A. Davila Leyva; L. C. De Silva; R. R. Debbe; T. G. Dedovich; A. A. Derevschikov; R. Derradi de Souza; L. Didenko; P. Djawotho; S. M. Dogra; X. Dong; J. L. Drachenberg; J. E. Draper; J. C. Dunlop; L. G. Efimov; M. Elnimr; J. Engelage; G. Eppley; M. Estienne; L. Eun; O. Evdokimov; R. Fatemi; J. Fedorisin; R. G. Fersch; P. Filip; E. Finch; V. Fine; Y. Fisyak; C. A. Gagliardi; D. R. Gangadharan; A. Geromitsos; F. Geurts; P. Ghosh; Y. N. Gorbunov; A. Gordon; O. Grebenyuk; D. Grosnick; S. M. Guertin; A. Gupta; W. Guryn; B. Haag; O. Hajkova; A. Hamed; L-X. Han; J. W. Harris; J. P. Hays-Wehle; M. Heinz; S. Heppelmann; A. Hirsch; E. Hjort; G. W. Hoffmann; D. J. Hofman; B. Huang; H. Z. Huang; T. J. Humanic; L. Huo; G. Igo; P. Jacobs; W. W. Jacobs; C. Jena; F. Jin; J. Joseph; E. G. Judd; S. Kabana; K. Kang; J. Kapitan; K. Kauder; H. Ke; D. Keane; A. Kechechyan; D. Kettler; D. P. Kikola; J. Kiryluk; A. Kisiel; V. Kizka; A. G. Knospe; D. D. Koetke; T. Kollegger; J. Konzer; I. Koralt; L. Koroleva; W. Korsch; L. Kotchenda; V. Kouchpil; P. Kravtsov; K. Krueger; M. Krus; L. Kumar; P. Kurnadi; M. A. C. Lamont; J. M. Landgraf; S. LaPointe; J. Lauret; A. Lebedev; R. Lednicky; J. H. Lee; W. Leight; M. J. LeVine; C. Li; L. Li; N. Li; W. Li; X. Li; X. Li; Y. Li; Z. M. Li; M. A. Lisa; F. Liu; H. Liu; J. Liu; T. Ljubicic; W. J. Llope; R. S. Longacre; W. A. Love; Y. Lu; E. V. Lukashov; X. Luo; G. L. Ma; Y. G. Ma; D. P. Mahapatra; R. Majka; O. I. Mall; L. K. Mangotra; R. Manweiler; S. Margetis; C. Markert; H. Masui; H. S. Matis; Yu. A. Matulenko; D. McDonald; T. S. McShane; A. Meschanin; R. Milner; N. G. Minaev; S. Mioduszewski; A. Mischke; M. K. Mitrovski; B. Mohanty; M. M. Mondal; B. Morozov; D. A. Morozov; M. G. Munhoz; M. Naglis; B. K. Nandi; T. K. Nayak; P. K. Netrakanti; L. V. Nogach; S. B. Nurushev; G. Odyniec; A. Ogawa; Oh; Ohlson; V. Okorokov; E. W. Oldag; D. Olson; M. Pachr; B. S. Page; S. K. Pal; Y. Pandit; Y. Panebratsev; T. Pawlak; H. Pei; T. Peitzmann; C. Perkins; W. Peryt; S. C. Phatak; P. Pile; M. Planinic; M. A. Ploskon; J. Pluta; D. Plyku; N. Poljak; A. M. Poskanzer; B. V. K. S. Potukuchi; C. B. Powell; D. Prindle; C. Pruneau; N. K. Pruthi; P. R. Pujahari; J. Putschke; H. Qiu; R. Raniwala; S. Raniwala; R. L. Ray; R. Redwine; R. Reed; H. G. Ritter; J. B. Roberts; O. V. Rogachevskiy; J. L. Romero; A. Rose; L. Ruan; J. Rusnak; N. R. Sahoo; S. Sakai; I. Sakrejda; T. Sakuma; S. Salur; J. Sandweiss; E. Sangaline; A. Sarkar; J. Schambach; R. P. Scharenberg; A. M. Schmah; T. R. Schuster; J. Seele; J. Seger; I. Selyuzhenkov; P. Seyboth; E. Shahaliev; M. Shao; M. Sharma; S. S. Shi; Q. Y. Shou; E. P. Sichtermann; F. Simon; R. N. Singaraju; M. J. Skoby; N. Smirnov; H. M. Spinka; B. Srivastava; T. D. S. Stanislaus; D. Staszak; S. G. Steadman; J. R. Stevens; R. Stock; M. Strikhanov; B. Stringfellow; A. A. P. Suaide; M. C. Suarez; N. L. Subba; M. Sumbera; X. M. Sun; Y. Sun; Z. Sun; B. Surrow; D. N. Svirida; T. J. M. Symons; A. Szanto de Toledo; J. Takahashi; A. H. Tang; Z. Tang; L. H. Tarini; T. Tarnowsky; D. Thein; J. H. Thomas; J. Tian; A. R. Timmins; D. Tlusty; M. Tokarev; V. N. Tram; S. Trentalange; R. E. Tribble; Tribedy; O. D. Tsai; T. Ullrich; D. G. Underwood; G. Van Buren; G. van Nieuwenhuizen; J. A. Vanfossen, Jr.; R. Varma; G. M. S. Vasconcelos; A. N. Vasiliev; F. Videbk; Y. P. Viyogi; S. Vokal; M. Wada; M. Walker; F. Wang; G. Wang; H. Wang; J. S. Wang; Q. Wang; X. L. Wang; Y. Wang; G. Webb; J. C. Webb; G. D. Westfall; C. Whitten Jr.; H. Wieman; S. W. Wissink; R. Witt; W. Witzke; Y. F. Wu; Xiao; W. Xie; H. Xu; N. Xu; Q. H. Xu; W. Xu; Y. Xu; Z. Xu; L. Xue; Y. Yang; P. Yepes; K. Yip; I-K. Yoo; M. Zawisza; H. Zbroszczyk; W. Zhan; J. B. Zhang; S. Zhang; W. M. Zhang; X. P. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; J. Zhao; C. Zhong; W. Zhou; X. Zhu; Y. H. Zhu; R. Zoulkarneev; Y. Zoulkarneeva

2013-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

363

Measurement of XeI and XeII velocity in the near exit plane of a low-power Hall effect thruster by light induced fluorescence spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Near exit plane non-resonant light induced fluorescence spectroscopy is performed in a Hall effect low-power Xenon thruster at discharge voltage of 250 V and anode flow rate of 0.7 mg/s. Measurements of the axial and radial velocity components are performed, exciting the 6s{sup 2}[3/2]{sub 2}{sup o}{yields}6p{sup 2}[3/2]{sub 2} transition at 823.16 nm in XeI and the 5d[4]{sub 7/2}{yields}6p[3]{sub 5/2}{sup o} transition at 834.724 nm in XeII. No significant deviation from the thermal velocity is observed for XeI. Two most probable ion velocities are registered at a given position with respect to the thruster axis, which are mainly attributed to different areas of creation of ions inside the acceleration channel. The spatial resolution of the set-up is limited by the laser beam size (radius of the order of 0.5 mm) and the fluorescence collection optics, which have a view spot diameter of 8 mm.

Dancheva, Y. [CNISM, University of Siena, CSC and DSFTA, via Roma 56, 53100 Siena (Italy); Biancalana, V. [CNISM, University of Siena, CSC and DIISM, via Roma 56, 53100 Siena (Italy); Pagano, D.; Scortecci, F. [Aerospazio Tecnologie Srl., via Provinciale Nord 42a, 53040 Rapolano Terme (Italy)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

On using Extreme Values to detect global stability thresholds in multi-stable systems: The case of transitional plane Couette flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extreme Value Theory (EVT) is exploited to determine the global stability threshold $R_g$ of plane Couette flow --the flow of a viscous fluid in the space between two parallel plates-- whose laminar or turbulent behavior depends on the Reynolds number R. Even if the existence of a global stability threshold has been detected in simulations and experiments, its numerical value has not been unequivocally defined. $R_g$ is the value such that for $R > R_g$ turbulence is sustained, whereas for $R energy fluctuations. When $R_g$, both the positive and negative extremes are bounded. As the critical Reynolds number is approached from above, the probability of observing a very low minimum increases causing asymmetries in the distributions of maxima and minima. On the other hand, the maxima distribution is unaffected as the fluctuations towards higher values of the perturbation energy remain bounded. This tipping point can be detected by fitting the data to the Generalized Extreme Value (GEV) distribution and by identifying $R_g$ as the value of $R$ such that the shape parameter of the GEV for the minima changes sign from negative to positive. The results are supported by the analysis of theoretical models which feature a bistable behavior.

Davide Faranda; Valerio Lucarini; Paul Manneville; Jeroen Wouters

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

365

SNAP Satellite Focal Plane Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from 42 High-Redshift Supernovae, ApJ 517, p.565, 1999. A.Observational Evidence from Supernovae for an AcceleratingCorrections for Type Ia Supernovae, PASP, 114, 803N (2002).

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

General Physics I Exam 1 -Chs. 1,2,3 -Units, Motion Sep. 16, 2009 Name Rec. Instr. Rec. Time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, ground- speed G, and the wind velocity W. b) (8) Use your sketch to figure out the direction interval. 11. (2) T F A car moving up along an incline must have an acceleration up along the incline. 12 Manhattan. The plane's airspeed is 380 km/h, but a wind of 120 km/h is blowing towards due south. a) (6

Wysin, Gary

367

The Astrophysical Journal, 762:98 (8pp), 2013 January 10 doi:10.1088/0004-637X/762/2/98 C 2013. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

likely has an inclined orbital plane. The tilted disk is subject to the Lense­Thirring torque, which a Blandford­Znajek jet collimated by a wind launched near the Bardeen­Petterson radius. Through simulations configurations. From the data we infer that the inclination angle of the initial stellar orbit is in the range

Zhang, Bing

368

Solar Phys (2011) 270: 331346 DOI 10.1007/s11207-011-9722-9  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) inclination with respect to the ecliptic plane have been referred to as bipolar (unipolar) MCs. The poloidal of low inclination MC fluxropes during 1976 to 2009. The MC poloidal field cyclic reversal on the same · Solar wind 1. Introduction The magnetic structure of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) originates at the low

California at Berkeley, University of

369

Introduction 1.1 Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the planet from the effects of the solar wind (Jacobs, 1974; Kivelson and Russell, 1995; Langel and Hinze and the horizontal plane at Earth's surface (inclination I), and the total intensity of the field (F = |B| = (X2 +Y 2

Finlay, Christopher

370

Design and prototype of a hovering ornithopter based on dragonfly flight  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hovering is normally achieved using a horizontal wing path to create lift; bees, wasps and helicopters use this technique. Dragonflies hover using a unique method, by flapping along an inclined stroke plane. This seems to ...

Guo, Theresa (Theresa W.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

DEEP ABSORPTION LINE STUDIES OF QUIESCENT GALAXIES AT z {approx} 2: THE DYNAMICAL-MASS-SIZE RELATION AND FIRST CONSTRAINTS ON THE FUNDAMENTAL PLANE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present dynamical and structural scaling relations of quiescent galaxies at z = 2, including the dynamical-mass-size relation and the first constraints on the fundamental plane (FP). The backbone of the analysis is a new, very deep Very Large Telescope/X-shooter spectrum of a massive, compact, quiescent galaxy at z = 2.0389. We detect the continuum between 3700 and 22,000 A and several strong absorption features (Balmer series, Ca H+K, G band) from which we derive a stellar velocity dispersion of 318 {+-} 53 km s{sup -1}. We perform detailed modeling of the continuum emission and line indices and derive strong simultaneous constraints on the age, metallicity, and stellar mass. The galaxy is a dusty (A{sub V} = 0.77{sup +0.36}{sub -0.32}) solar metallicity (log(Z/Z{sub Sun }) = 0.02{sup +0.20}{sub -0.41}) post-starburst galaxy, with a mean-luminosity-weighted log(age/yr) of 8.9 {+-} 0.1. The galaxy formed the majority of its stars at z > 3 and currently has little or no ongoing star formation. We compile a sample of three other z {approx} 2 quiescent galaxies with measured velocity dispersions, two of which are also post-starburst like. Their dynamical-mass-size relation is offset significantly less than the stellar-mass-size relation from the local early-type relations, which we attribute to a lower central dark matter fraction. Recent cosmological merger simulations agree qualitatively with the data, but cannot fully account for the evolution in the dark matter fraction. The z {approx} 2 FP requires additional evolution beyond passive stellar aging to be in agreement with the local FP. The structural evolution predicted by the cosmological simulations is insufficient, suggesting that additional, possibly non-homologous, structural evolution is needed.

Toft, S.; Gallazzi, A.; Zirm, A.; Wold, M.; Zibetti, S.; Grillo, C.; Man, A., E-mail: sune@dark-cosmology.dk [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Mariesvej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark)

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

372

NEAR-INFRARED H{sub 2} AND CONTINUUM SURVEY OF EXTENDED GREEN OBJECTS. II. COMPLETE CENSUS FOR THE NORTHERN GALACTIC PLANE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss 94 Extended Green Objects (EGOs) in the northern Galactic plane cataloged by Cyganowski et al., based on near-infrared narrow H{sub 2} (2.122 ?m) and continuum observations from the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope. This data set is three times larger than the one in our previous study and is unbiased by preselection. As discussed in the previous paper, the morphologies of the 4.5 ?m emission generally resemble those of the near-infrared continuum, but are different from those of the H{sub 2} emission. Of our sample, only 28% of EGOs with H{sub 2} emission show similar morphologies between 4.5 ?m and H{sub 2} emission. These results suggest that the 4.5 ?m emission mainly comes from scattered continuum from the embedded young stellar objects, and partially from H{sub 2} emission. About half of EGOs are associated with H{sub 2} outflows, if the H{sub 2} outflow incompleteness is considered. The H{sub 2} outflow detection rate for EGOs with K-band detections (61%) is significantly higher than for those without K-band detections (36%). This difference may be due to the fact that both H{sub 2} and K-band emissions are associated with outflows, i.e., H{sub 2} emission and K-band continuum are associated with shocks and outflow cavities, respectively. We also compared the correlation between the H{sub 2} outflows and Class I 44 GHz methanol masers from the literature. The methanol masers can be located upstream or downstream of the H{sub 2} outflows and some bright H{sub 2} spots or outflows are not associated with methanol masers, suggesting that methanol masers and H{sub 2} emission trace different excitation conditions.

Lee, Hsu-Tai; Karr, Jennifer; Su, Yu-Nung; Liu, Sheng-Yuan; Takami, Michihiro [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Liao, Wei-Ting [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Taiwan University, 1 Roosevelt Rd., Section 4, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Froebrich, Dirk; Ioannidis, Georgios [Centre for Astrophysics and Planetary Science, University of Kent, Canterbury CT2 7NH (United Kingdom); Lee, Yong-Hyun [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Duan, Hao-Yuan, E-mail: htlee@illinois.edu [Institute of Astronomy and Department of Physics, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

On self-sustaining processes in Rayleigh-stable rotating plane Couette flows and subcritical transition to turbulence in accretion disks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subcritical transition to turbulence in Keplerian accretion disks is still a controversial issue and some theoretical progress is required in order to determine whether or not this scenario provides a plausible explanation for the origin of angular momentum transport in non-magnetized accretion disks. Motivated by the recent discoveries of exact nonlinear steady self-sustaining solutions in linearly stable non-rotating shear flows, we attempt to compute similar solutions in Rayleigh-stable rotating plane Couette flows and to identify transition mechanisms in such flows by combining nonlinear continuation methods and asymptotic theory. We obtain exact nonlinear solutions for Rayleigh-stable cyclonic regimes but show that it is not possible to compute solutions for Rayleigh-stable anticyclonic regimes, including Keplerian flow, using similar techniques. We also present asymptotic descriptions of these various problems at large Reynolds numbers that provide some insight into the differences between the non-rotating and Rayleigh-stable anticyclonic regimes and derive some necessary conditions for mechanisms analogous to the non-rotating self-sustaining process to be present in flows on the Rayleigh line. Our results demonstrate that subcritical transition mechanisms cannot be identified in wall-bounded Rayleigh-stable anticyclonic shear flows by transposing directly the phenomenology of subcritical transition in cyclonic and non-rotating wall-bounded shear flows. Asymptotic developments, however, leave open the possibility that nonlinear self-sustaining solutions may exist in unbounded or periodic flows on the Rayleigh line. These could serve as a starting point to discover solutions in Rayleigh-stable flows, but the nonlinear stability of Keplerian accretion disks remains to be determined.

F. Rincon; G. I. Ogilvie; C. Cossu

2006-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

374

Effects of Out-of-Plane Disorder on the Nodal Quasiparticle and Superconducting Gap in Single-Layer Bi_2Sr_1.6Ln_0.4CuO_6 delta (Ln = La, Nd, Gd)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

How out-of-plane disorder affects the electronic structure has been investigated for the single-layer cuprates Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 1.6}Ln{sub 0.4}CuO{sub 6+{delta}} (Ln = La, Nd, Gd) by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. We have observed that, with increasing disorder, while the Fermi surface shape and band dispersions are not affected, the quasi-particle width increases, the anti-nodal gap is enhanced and the superconducting gap in the nodal region is depressed. The results indicate that the superconductivity is significantly depressed by out-of-plane disorder through the enhancement of the anti-nodal gap and the depression of the superconducting gap in the nodal region.

Hashimoto, M.

2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

375

FROM THE COLOR-MAGNITUDE DIAGRAM OF {omega} CENTAURI AND (SUPER-)ASYMPTOTIC GIANT BRANCH STELLAR MODELS TO A GALACTIC PLANE PASSAGE GAS PURGING CHEMICAL EVOLUTION SCENARIO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated the color-magnitude diagram of {omega} Centauri and find that the blue main sequence (bMS) can be reproduced only by models that have a helium abundance in the range Y = 0.35-0.40. To explain the faint subgiant branch of the reddest stars ('MS-a/RG-a' sequence), isochrones for the observed metallicity ([Fe/H] Almost-Equal-To -0.7) appear to require both a high age ({approx}13 Gyr) and enhanced CNO abundances ([CNO/Fe] Almost-Equal-To 0.9). Y Almost-Equal-To 0.35 must also be assumed in order to counteract the effects of high CNO on turnoff colors and thereby to obtain a good fit to the relatively blue turnoff of this stellar population. This suggests a short chemical evolution period of time (<1 Gyr) for {omega} Cen. Our intermediate-mass (super-)asymptotic giant branch (AGB) models are able to reproduce the high helium abundances, along with [N/Fe] {approx}2 and substantial O depletions if uncertainties in the treatment of convection are fully taken into account. These abundance features distinguish the bMS stars from the dominant [Fe/H] Almost-Equal-To -1.7 population. The most massive super-AGB stellar models (M{sub ZAMS} {>=} 6.8 M{sub Sun }, M{sub He,core} {>=} 1.245 M{sub Sun }) predict too large N enhancements, which limit their role in contributing to the extreme populations. In order to address the observed central concentration of stars with He-rich abundance, we show here quantitatively that highly He- and N-enriched AGB ejecta have particularly efficient cooling properties. Based on these results and on the reconstruction of the orbit of {omega} Cen with respect to the Milky Way, we propose the Galactic plane passage gas purging scenario for the chemical evolution of this cluster. The bMS population formed shortly after the purging of most of the cluster gas as a result of the passage of {omega} Cen through the Galactic disk (which occurs today every {approx}40 Myr for {omega} Cen) when the initial mass function of the dominant population had 'burned' through most of the Type II supernova mass range. AGB stars would eject most of their masses into the gas-depleted cluster through low-velocity winds that sink to the cluster core due to their favorable cooling properties and form the bMS population. In our discussion we follow our model through four passage events, which could explain some key properties not only of the bMS but also of the MS-a/RGB-a and the s-enriched stars.

Herwig, Falk; VandenBerg, Don A.; Navarro, Julio F. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3055, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6 (Canada); Ferguson, Jason [Department of Physics, Wichita State University Wichita, KS 67260 (United States); Paxton, Bill, E-mail: fherwig@uvic.ca, E-mail: vandenbe@uvic.ca, E-mail: jason.ferguson@wichita.edu, E-mail: paxton@kitp.ucsb.edu [KITP/UC Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Aerodynamics of a circular cylinder inclined to airflow and wind-induced vibrations of dry, inclined cables at high wind speeds .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Cable-stayed bridges are an efficient and elegant solution to bridging long spans. Though a widely used structural system, several significant issues are still unresolved regarding (more)

Zurell, Cory

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Optical properties of a-plane (Al, Ga)N/GaN multiple quantum wells grown on strain engineered Zn{sub 1-x}Mg{sub x}O layers by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonpolar (1120) Al{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}N/GaN multiple quantum wells (MQWs) have been grown by molecular beam epitaxy on (1120) Zn{sub 0.74}Mg{sub 0.26}O templates on r-plane sapphire substrates. The quantum wells exhibit well-resolved photoluminescence peaks in the ultra-violet region, and no sign of quantum confined Stark effect is observed in the complete multiple quantum well series. The results agree well with flat band quantum well calculations. Furthermore, we show that the MQW structures are strongly polarized along the [0001] direction. The origin of the polarization is discussed in terms of the strain anisotropy dependence of the exciton optical oscillator strengths.

Xia, Y.; Vinter, B.; Chauveau, J.-M. [CRHEA-CNRS, Rue Bernard Gregory, 06560 Valbonne (France); University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, 06103 Nice (France); Brault, J.; Nemoz, M.; Teisseire, M.; Leroux, M. [CRHEA-CNRS, Rue Bernard Gregory, 06560 Valbonne (France)

2011-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

378

Mn concentration dependent structural and optical properties of a-plane Zn{sub 0.99-x}Mn{sub x}Na{sub 0.01}O  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Non-polar a-plane (112{sup }0) Zn{sub 0.99?x}Mn{sub x}Na{sub 0.01}O (x?=?0, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04, and 0.05) thin films have been prepared on r-plane (112{sup }0) sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition (PLD). The influences of Mn content on the structural and optical properties of the films have been studied. It is indicated that moderate Mn doping facilitates the non-polar growth of ZnO, and all the doped films are single phase with a hexagonal wurtzite structure. The transmittance spectra suggested that all films are transparent in the visible region exhibiting a transmittance above 80%. Mn{sup 2+} doped Zn{sub 0.99}Na{sub 0.01}O shows an initial decrease of optical band gap (OBG) for small concentration of Mn, followed by a monotonic increase. The anomalous decrease in OBG for low concentrations of Mn is attributed to the strong exchange interaction present between the sp electrons of the host matrix and d electrons of Mn. Emission studies were also performed showing suppressed blue-shifted ultraviolet band and dominant violet-blue bands, which might originate from the zinc vacancy (V{sub Zn}) and zinc interstitial (Zn{sub i}) defects. The intensity of defect-related emission peaks is Mn doping-level-dependent as well and the results coincide well with that from the structural analyses.

Lu, B., E-mail: binlu@zju.edu.cn; Zhou, T. T.; Ma, M. J.; Ye, Y. H.; Ye, Z. Z.; Lu, J. G.; Pan, X. H. [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Cyrus Tang Center for Sensor Materials and Applications, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)

2013-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

379

An electrical accelerometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Inclined Plane and Accelerometer 17 10, Photograph of Rsctijfied Timing Wave and Enlarged Ripples of Power Supply lli Table 2, Acceleration of Metal Ball on Inclined Plans 12. Photographic Exposure No. 2 13. Photographic Exposure No. 5 ~ 14... acceleration, or would the arc have soma finite measurable rate of change of velocityT To answer these questions it became necessary for some means to be devised for the accurate measurement of the arc acceleration. The accelerometer used to measure this ac...

Poe, Herbert Vernon

1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Droplets on Inclined Plates: Local and Global Hysteresis of Pinned Capillary Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local contact line pinning prevents droplets from rearranging to minimal global energy, and models for droplets without pinning cannot predict their shape. We show that experiments are much better described by a theory, developed herein, that does account for the constrained contact line motion, using as example droplets on tilted plates. We map out their shapes in suitable phase spaces. For 2D droplets, the critical point of maximum tilt depends on the hysteresis range and Bond number. In 3D, it also depends on the initial width, highlighting the importance of the deposition history.

Michiel Musterd; Volkert van Steijn; Chris R. Kleijn; Michiel T. Kreutzer

2014-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

A Basic Introduction to Digital Waveguide Synthesis (for the Technically Inclined)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-41 TABLE of CONTENTS #12;who are we? 2 3 VMASCisoneoftheworld'sleadingresearchcentersfor computer modeling

Smith III, Julius Orion

382

CLEANING OF VISCOUS DROPS ON A FLAT INCLINED SURFACE USING GRAVITY-DRIVEN FILM FLOWS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the plate surface is critical. Moreover, minimizing the water consumption and the energy of such automatic cleaning devices can have an important environmental and sustainable impact. Dussan (1987) analysed the effect of a shearing immiscible fluid... liquid films on non-porous substrates with topography, J. Fluid Mech. 509, 253280. Gillham, C. R., Fryer, P. J., Hasting, A. P. M. and Wilson, D. I. (2000) Enhanced cleaning of whey protein soils using pulsed flows, J. Food Eng. 46, 199209. Hayes, M...

Landel, Julien R.; McEvoy, Harry; Dalziel, Stuart B.

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

383

The scour of cohesive soils by an inclined submerged water jet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C-I 28. 3'8 E-I 26. 5'4 G-I 27. 0% Sample wc B-I 26. 8'4 B-II 26. 8% 56 e E o 0 6 0 0 N N IP c o c 4l E II CO X II 'o ) 4 6 2 1 0 0. 7 0. 9 1. 1 tS t6 1. 7 t9 2. 1 Dimensionless Time of Impingement, Vo-t/d x 10~ FIG... ~ I 0 CI V CC lC Ol N II Cl c o OI c Cl 8 O 0 0. 7 0. 9 1. 1 t8 td 1, 7 tQ 2. 1 Dimensionless Time of Impingement, Vo. t/d x 10c FIG. 38. ? .-Dimensionless Scour Volume vs Time. II of II B = 60o and z/d = 16. 00. Sample wc B-I 26. 9'4...

Hedges, Joseph Delbert

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Spectral modeling of two incline cylinders with validation in the time domain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clusters of long slender members such as risers or tendons are commonly found on deep water offshore platforms. Current practice is to space these slender structural members far enough apart to assume that they behave as a single cylinder without...

Oswalt, Aaron Jacob

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

385

Efficient defrosting of an inclined flat surface Subrata Roy *, Haribalan Kumar, Richard Anderson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and compared results with thermography and hot bulb type of measurements [12]. However, a correlation

Roy, Subrata

386

Film cooling and heat transfer of steam through an inclined injection hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transfer coefficient at blowing rate M 0. 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 NOMENCLATURE Symbol Description area circumference of the cross sectional area Cp D E, , Es, Es drag coefficient specific heat diameter of the injection hole minor... the experimental data at low blowing rates; however, the extension to higher injection rates is not correct, and an injected fluid other than air is not discussed. Goldstein [2] reviewed a number of semi- empirical correlations and predictions for two...

Chen, Hun Way

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Experimental and Computational Study of the Inclined Interface Richtmyer-Meshkov Instability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FUNDING ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ........................................................................ 221 REFERENCES ............................................................................................................... 222 APPENDIX A... Ignition Facility (NIF). ........................................................................................................... 23 Figure 2.1: Schematic of the Texas A&M University Shock Tube Facility. ................... 26 Figure 2.2: X-T plots...

Mcfarland, Jacob Andrew

2013-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

388

An Experimental Study of the Effect of Reshock on the Inclined Interface Richtmyer-Meshkov Instability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) [23] at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The National Ignition Facility is a prime example of the integrated progress of simulations and experiments. While experiments are being developed and performed... new fission fuel, from elements that are readily available in ocean water. Current developmental work in ICF is being done at the National Ignition Facility at Lawrence Livermore National Lab. In their work, the fuel target is compressed through...

Creel, Skylar

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

389

International Conference on Computational Heat and Mass Transfer SIMULATION OF DROPLETS ON INCLINED SURFACES USING SMOOTH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from green house enclosures, wind shields, solar panels, printing and coating techniques, liquid metal-wise particle- particle interactions to simulate surface tension and contact line behavior. The pair-wise forces

Khandekar, Sameer

390

Constraints on (Omega_m,Omega_Lambda) using distributions of inclination angles for high redshift filaments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present a scale free method to determine the cosmological parameters (Omega_m, Omega_Lambda). The method is based on the requirement of isotropy of the distribution of orientations of cosmological filaments. The current structure formation paradigm predicts that the first structures to form are voids and filaments, causing a web-like structure of the matter distribution at high redshifts. Recent observational evidence suggests that the threads, or filaments, of the cosmic web most easily are mapped in Ly-alpha emission. We describe how such a 3D map can be used to constrain the cosmological parameters in a way which, contrary to most other cosmological tests, does not require the use of a standard rod or a standard candle. We perform detailed simulations in order to define the optimal survey parameters for the definition of an observing programme aimed to address this test, and to investigate how statistical and observational errors will influence the results. We conclude that observations should target filaments of comoving size 15-50 Mpc in the redshift range 2-4, and that each filament must be defined by at least four Ly-alpha emitters. Detection of 20 filaments will be sufficient to obtain a result, while 50 filaments will make it possible to place significant new constraints on the values of Omega_m and Omega_Lambda permitted by the current supernova observations. In a future paper we study how robust these conclusions are to systematic velocities in the survey box.

M. Weidinger; P. Moller; J. P. U. Fynbo; B. Thomsen; M. P. Egholm

2002-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

391

Experimental Study of the Richtmyer-Meshkov Instability on Inclined Interface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for his help with LATEX. 3 NOMENCLATURE RMI Richtmyer-Meshkov Instability KHI Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability ICF Inertial Confinement Fusion RTI Raleigh-Taylor Instability 2D Two Dimensional 3D Three Dimensional STAML Shock Tube & Advanced Mixing Lab... phenomena like supernovae, where inclusion of RMI models has been shown to be necessary to accurate modeling of these phenomena [5]. The area where most RMI research is currently being directed toward is inertial confinement fusion (ICF). To further our...

McDonald, Christopher Michael

2013-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

392

Rocking and rolling down an incline : the dynamics of nested cylinders on a ramp  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, I report the results of a combined experimental and theoretical investigation of a journal bearing, specifically, a cylinder suspended in a viscous fluid housed within a cylindrical shell, rolling down an ...

Vener, David Paul

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

CLEANING OF VISCOUS DROPS ON A FLAT INCLINED SURFACE USING GRAVITY-DRIVEN FILM FLOWS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

then transports it away. To assess the impact of the drop on the velocity of the cleaning fluid, we have developed it is perturbed by a solid obstacle representing a very viscous drop. We find that at intermediate Reynolds number as in our daily life (Yeckel and Middleman, 1987), such as in a household dishwasher. In a full dishwasher

Dalziel, Stuart

394

General plot information: incline of land in degree: direction of exposure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/heavy abandoned vehicles none some many/heavy graffiti none some many/heavy injured plants none some many, water bottles, bonfire sites, privies) sports equipment/facilities none some many/heavy within radius

Hall, Sharon J.

395

Approaches to a real-world train timetabling problem in a railway node  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nov 26, 2013 ... studied for a research project funded by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana (RFI), the .... Two objectives are taken into account: the expected total energy con- ... way corridor and transforming it into a macroscopic representation that can...

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

396

Automated Detection of Cracked Railway Axle Journals Using an Ultrasonic Phased Array Technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the waviness in wind turbine blades. They developed a two-step method to accomplish the project: 1) detect ultrasonic waves using air-coupled ultrasonic transducers and 2) obtain B-scan results to determine the aspect ratio. Several composite samples...

Baik, Jaeyong

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

397

Design and Implementation of a Hybrid Energy Supply System for Railway Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Pottharst, N. Fröhleke, J. Böcker Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives K. Witting, M technologies make these devices effectively to be employed as energy storage element in electric vehicles (see [11] for detailed information), is the power flow control between the DC-link of the electric grid

Elsässer, Robert

398

Low Latency Hybrid Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulator for Railway Traction System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to a virtual plant in the identical way as it is connected to the real plant, such as inverter and electric machine. The virtual plant or the HiL simulator is composed of a real time computation machine (mostly Meng Sun and Joachim Böcker Institute of Power Electronics and Drives University of Paderborn Paderborn

Paderborn, Universität

399

Condition Monitoring of Railway Turnouts and Other Track Components Using Machine Vision  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vehicle-mounted cameras, image enhancement using image-processing software, and assisted automation using and symptomatic conditions within the images. A prototype machine vision system has been developed for automated more efficient, effective, and objective. In addition, interim approaches to automated track inspection

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

400

Storage device sizing for a hybrid railway traction system by means of bicausal bond graphs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(a supercapacitor) included in this system is then discussed. Keywords: bond graph, bicausality In the paper, the example of a supercapacitor process consists of choosing the system structure dimensioning

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Architectures of Citizenship : : Democracy, Development, and the Politics of Participation in Northeastern Thailand's Railway Communities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

architecture to simultaneously improve physical infrastructure, remediate poverty, build a sustainable

Elinoff, Eli Asher

402

Ground vibration from underground railways: how simplifying assumptions limit prediction accuracy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1 Fundamental Solution and the Boundary Integral Formulation . . . . . . 174 D.2 Numerical Solution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 E The PiP Derivation in 3D 179 E.1 3D Cylindrical Shell Equations... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 2.10 Development of surface subsidence trough due to tunneling . . . . . . . . 27 2.11 Schematic of soil inhomogeneity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 3.1 Void at the tunnel-soil interface...

Jones, Simon

2010-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

403

Trains, Grains, and Grizzly Bears: Reducing Wildlife Mortality on Railway Tracks in Banff National Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the causes and solutions to train-wildlife collisions. Whilepopulations, relatively few trains strike wildlife on thegrizzlies were struck by CPR trains, and none of the five

Pissot, Jim

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Architectures of Citizenship : : Democracy, Development, and the Politics of Participation in Northeastern Thailand's Railway Communities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

passive cooling system 388 Figure 7.9: Paw Raengkais groups house .passive cooling system. Chumpae City Source: N/A preponderance of houses

Elinoff, Eli Asher

405

Timed Fault Tree Models of the China Yongwen Railway Accident , Zhaoguang Peng2,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analysis (FMEA), fault tree analysis (FTA) [3], functional hazard analysis, and event tree analysis (ETA that involves applying a set of descriptors to a number of parameters. FMEA is an effective analytical tool used to examine possible failure modes and to eliminate potential failure during system designs [5]. FMEA

Miller, Alice

406

Electronic properties of quasi one-dimensional quantum wire models under equal coupling strength superpositions of Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit interactions in the presence of an in-plane magnetic field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper one deals with the theoretical derivation of energy bands and of related wavefunctions characterizing quasi 1D semiconductor heterostructures, such as InAs quantum wire models. Such models get characterized this time by equal coupling strength superpositions of Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit interactions of dimensionless magnitude a under the influence of in-plane magnetic fields of magnitude B. We found that the orientations of the field can be selected by virtue of symmetry requirements. For this purpose one resorts to spin conservations, but alternative conditions providing sensible simplifications of the energy-band formula can be reasonably accounted for. Besides the wavenumber k relying on the 1D electron, one deals with the spin-like s=1 factors in the front of the square root term of the energy. Having obtained the spinorial wavefunction, opens the way to the derivation of spin precession effects. For this purpose one resorts to the projections of the wavenumber operator on complementary spin states. Such projections are responsible for related displacements proceeding along the Ox-axis. This results in a 2D rotation matrix providing both the precession angle as well as the precession axis.

Papp, E. [Physics Department, West University of Timisoara, RO-300223, Timisoara (Romania); Micu, C.; Racolta, D. [Faculty of Science, North University of Baia Mare, RO-430122, Baia Mare (Romania)

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

407

Comparison between Gaussian-type orbitals and plane wave ab initio density functional theory modeling of layer silicates: Talc [Mg{sub 3}Si{sub 4}O{sub 10}(OH){sub 2}] as model system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quantum chemical characterization of solid state systems is conducted with many different approaches, among which the adoption of periodic boundary conditions to deal with three-dimensional infinite condensed systems. This method, coupled to the Density Functional Theory (DFT), has been proved successful in simulating a huge variety of solids. Only in relatively recent years this ab initio quantum-mechanic approach has been used for the investigation of layer silicate structures and minerals. In the present work, a systematic comparison of different DFT functionals (GGA-PBEsol and hybrid B3LYP) and basis sets (plane waves and all-electron Gaussian-type orbitals) on the geometry, energy, and phonon properties of a model layer silicate, talc [Mg{sub 3}Si{sub 4}O{sub 10}(OH){sub 2}], is presented. Long range dispersion is taken into account by DFT+D method. Results are in agreement with experimental data reported in literature, with minimal deviation given by the GTO/B3LYP-D* method regarding both axial lattice parameters and interaction energy and by PW/PBE-D for the unit-cell volume and angular values. All the considered methods adequately describe the experimental talc infrared spectrum.

Ulian, Gianfranco; Valdr, Giovanni, E-mail: giovanni.valdre@unibo.it [Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche e Geologico-Ambientali, Centro di Ricerca Interdisciplinare di Biomineralogia, Cristallografia e Biomateriali, Universit di Bologna Alma Mater Studiorum Piazza di Porta San Donato 1, 40126 Bologna (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche e Geologico-Ambientali, Centro di Ricerca Interdisciplinare di Biomineralogia, Cristallografia e Biomateriali, Universit di Bologna Alma Mater Studiorum Piazza di Porta San Donato 1, 40126 Bologna (Italy); Tosoni, Sergio [Departament de Qumica Fsica and Institut de Qumica Terica i Computacional (IQTCUB), Universitat de Barcelona, C/ Mart i Franqus 1, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain)] [Departament de Qumica Fsica and Institut de Qumica Terica i Computacional (IQTCUB), Universitat de Barcelona, C/ Mart i Franqus 1, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain)

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

408

Using Jacobi Plane Rotations in R  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lll)) jSimDiageps=1e-10,itmax=100,vectors=TRUE,n") if (((fold-fnew) eps) || (itel == itmax)) break() itelk=kk)) jSimSVDeps=1e-6,itmax=1000,vectors=TRUE,

de Leeuw, Jan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Out-of-plane ultrasonic velocity measurement  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for improving the accuracy of measuring the velocity and time of flight of ultrasonic signals through moving web-like materials such as paper, paperboard and the like, includes a pair of ultrasonic transducers disposed on opposing sides of a moving web-like material. In order to provide acoustical coupling between the transducers and the web-like material, the transducers are disposed in fluid-filled wheels. Errors due to variances in the wheel thicknesses about their circumference which can affect time of flight measurements and ultimately the mechanical property being tested are compensated by averaging the ultrasonic signals for a predetermined number of revolutions. The invention further includes a method for compensating for errors resulting from the digitization of the ultrasonic signals. More particularly, the invention includes a method for eliminating errors known as trigger jitter inherent with digitizing oscilloscopes used to digitize the signals for manipulation by a digital computer. In particular, rather than cross-correlate ultrasonic signals taken during different sample periods as is known in the art in order to determine the time of flight of the ultrasonic signal through the moving web, a pulse echo box is provided to enable cross-correlation of predetermined transmitted ultrasonic signals with predetermined reflected ultrasonic or echo signals during the sample period. By cross-correlating ultrasonic signals in the same sample period, the error associated with trigger jitter is eliminated. 20 figs.

Hall, M.S.; Brodeur, P.H.; Jackson, T.G.

1998-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

410

Out-of-plane ultrasonic velocity measurement  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for improving the accuracy of measuring the velocity and time of flight of ultrasonic signals through moving web-like materials such as paper, paperboard and the like, includes a pair of ultrasonic transducers disposed on opposing sides of a moving web-like material. In order to provide acoustical coupling between the transducers and the web-like material, the transducers are disposed in fluid-filled wheels. Errors due to variances in the wheel thicknesses about their circumference which can affect time of flight measurements and ultimately the mechanical property being tested are compensated by averaging the ultrasonic signals for a predetermined number of revolutions. The invention further includes a method for compensating for errors resulting from the digitization of the ultrasonic signals. More particularly, the invention includes a method for eliminating errors known as trigger jitter inherent with digitizing oscilloscopes used to digitize the signals for manipulation by a digital computer. In particular, rather than cross-correlate ultrasonic signals taken during different sample periods as is known in the art in order to determine the time of flight of the ultrasonic signal through the moving web, a pulse echo box is provided to enable cross-correlation of predetermined transmitted ultrasonic signals with predetermined reflected ultrasonic or echo signals during the sample period. By cross-correlating ultrasonic signals in the same sample period, the error associated with trigger jitter is eliminated.

Hall, Maclin S. (Marietta, GA); Brodeur, Pierre H. (Smyrna, GA); Jackson, Theodore G. (Atlanta, GA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

U & V PLANE MODULE ASSY 127 - S  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DWG NO OF DATE DATE DATE TITLE NOTE: DO NOT SCALE DRAWING .005 .13 .010 .3 DIMENSIONS ARE IN: OTHERWISE SPECIFIED ARE X INCHES mm x.xxx x.xx x.xx x.x mm IN...

412

70007 X PLANE MODULE ASSY 127 -  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICSHe β- Decay Evaluated7-ID Home1-MAPPER5862

413

70008 U PLANE MODULE ASSY 127 -  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICSHe β- Decay Evaluated7-ID Home1-MAPPER58621

414

70009 V PLANE MODULE ASSY 127 -  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICSHe β- Decay Evaluated7-ID Home1-MAPPER586211

415

X PLANE MODULE ASSY 127 - Sheet  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste and MaterialsWenjun1of Energy Worldwide CarbonWrapI 1 0 3 P

416

FIBER LAYOUT AT PLANE NARROW AS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicy andExsolutionFES Committees of VisitorsASCRReal-time BTU1-0018 1

417

FIBER LAYOUT AT PLANE NARROW AS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicy andExsolutionFES Committees of VisitorsASCRReal-time BTU1-0018 1

418

Plane Tree Capital LLP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrangePeru:Job Corp Jump to:Pismo Beach,Fund Jump

419

Elliptic flow: transition from out-of-plane to in-plane emissionin Au + Au collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have measured the proton elliptic flow excitation function for the Au+Au system spanning the beam energy range (2-8)A GeV. The excitation function shows a transition from negative to positive elliptic flow at a beam energy, Etr {approx} 4A GeV. Detailed comparisons with calculations from a relativistic Boltzmann equation are presented. The comparisons suggest a softening of the nuclear equation of state from a stiff form (K {approx} 380 MeV) at low beam energies (Ebeam < 2A GeV) to a softer form (K {approx} 210 MeV) at higher energies ( Ebeam < 4A GeV) where the calculated baryon density rho {approx} 4 rho 0.

Pinkenburg, C.; Ajitanand, N.N.; Alexander, J.M.; Anderson, M.; Best, D.; Brady, F.P.; Case, T.; Caskey, W.; Cebra, D.; Chance, J.L.; Chung, P.; Cole, B.; Crowe, K.; Das, A.C.; Draper, J.E.; Elmaani, A.; Gilkes, M.L.; Gushue, S.; Heffner, M.; Hirsch, A.S.; Hjort, E.L.; Huo,L.; Justice, M.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Kintner, J.C.; Klay, J.; Krofcheck, D.; Lacey, R.A.; Lauret, J.; Law, C.; Lisa, M.A.; Liu, H.; Liu, Y.M.; McGrath, R.; Milosevich, Z.; Odyniec, G.; Olson, D.L.; Panitkin, S.Y.; Porile, N.T.; Rai, G.; Ritter, H.G.; Romero, J.L.; Scharenberg, R.P.; Schroeder, L.; Srivastava, B.; Stone, N.T.B.; Symons,T.J.M.; Whitfield, J.; Wienold, T.; Witt, R.; Wood, L.; Zhang, W.N.; E895Collaboration; Danielewicz, P.; Gossiaux, P.B.

1999-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

420

Is it a bird? Or a plane? It's a solar plane!  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Solar Impulse -- a solar-powered aircraft -- is pushing the boundaries of innovation. Learn how our SunShot Initiative takes a similar approach to advancing game-changing, clean energy breakthroughs.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Method for fabrication of high temperature superconductors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A layered article of manufacture and a method of manufacturing same is disclosed. A substrate has a biaxially textured MgO crystalline layer having the c-axes thereof inclined with respect to the plane of the substrate deposited thereon. A layer of one or more of YSZ or Y.sub.2O.sub.3 and then a layer of CeO.sub.2 is deposited on the MgO. A crystalline superconductor layer with the c-axes thereof normal to the plane of the substrate is deposited on the CeO.sub.2 layer. Deposition of the MgO layer on the substrate is by the inclined substrate deposition method developed at Argonne National Laboratory. Preferably, the MgO has the c-axes thereof inclined with respect to the normal to the substrate in the range of from about 10.degree. to about 40.degree. and YBCO superconductors are used.

Balachandran, Uthamalingam (Hinsdale, IL); Ma, Beihai (Naperville, IL); Miller, Dean (Darien, IL)

2009-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

422

Ris-R-1364(EN) Characterisation and Classification of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Inclined Flow 28 5.6 Response to Plane Sinusoidal Longitudinal Wind Speed Fluctuations 29 6 CLASSCUP/s and turbulence intensities of 10%, 16% and 23%; step response measurements at step wind speeds 4, 8, 12 and 15m. The characteristics are fitted to a time domain cup anemometer model, and deviations in wind speed reading

423

PHYSICAL REVIEW E 85, 061301 (2012) Shock propagation in granular flow subjected to an external impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Examples include crater formation by wind jets in the context of lunar cratering [5], viscous fingering flowing on an inclined glass plane. In the experiment a steel ball, much larger in size than an individual, devoid of glass beads, whose radius increases with time. This radius was measured using high speed

Ravindran, Rajesh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

This simple heuristic model describes the basic observed scale sizes of the dust emission in NGC 1068. But how does it relate to the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a homogeneous one. Turbulent motions of these clouds with average velocities kvTl classes: compact tori14 , where the dust fills a thick cylinder (with an axial hole) of a few parsecs as given by the outflow cone of ionized gas is inclined by only ,58 out of the plane of sky18 , thus

Khare, Sanjay V.

425

ROLE OF SOIL BEHAVIOR ON THE INITIAL KINEMATICS OF TSUNAMIGENIC SLIDES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ROLE OF SOIL BEHAVIOR ON THE INITIAL KINEMATICS OF TSUNAMIGENIC SLIDES A.S. BRADSHAW Department acceleration of the failure itself. In a number of these studies, a translational slide is modeled as a rigid body sliding down an inclined plane and basal resistance is neglected. In this paper, a similar rigid

Grilli, Stéphan T.

426

The INTERBALL-Tail ELECTRON experiment: initial results on the low-latitude boundary layer of the dawn magnetosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was launched on 3 August 1995 together with a subsatellite into a 65° inclination orbit with an apogee of about orbit plane drifts across the magnetosphere and the solar wind, thus sweeping the dayside solar wind entry into the magnetosphere, to large-scale plasma convection, to solar-wind energy accumulation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

427

Numerical methods in heat transfer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book contains nine papers. Some of the titles are: Numerical calculation of bubble growth in nucleate boiling from inception through departure; An evaluation of a translator for finite element data to resistor/capacitor data for the heat diffusion; Thermophoretic deposition due to jet impingement on an inclined plane; and A three-dimensional boundary-fitted coordinate system.

Emery, A.F.; Douglass, R.W.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

When we think about the structure of visual space, there is a natural inclination to accept as givens the fa-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.g., Todd & Bressan, 1990; Todd & Norman, 1991), and binocular disparity (e.g., Foley, 1980; McKee, Levi and orientation FRANCENE D. REICHEL Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island JAMES T. TODD Ohio State University

Todd, James T.

429

inclined layered systems and have had success in numerical modeling and field measurements. Their results underscore the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, in press. Yang, M., and Yanful, E. K. (2001). "Water balance during evaporation and drainage in cover soils under different water table conditions," Advances in Environ. Res" Elsevier, New York, in press-15 meters of waste, nine out of the ten data points in Fig. 5 are below the authors' best-fit straight line

430

A Search for Ultra-High Energy Neutrinos in Highly Inclined Events at the Pierre Auger Observatory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Surface Detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory is sensitive to neutrinos of all flavors above 0.1 EeV. These interact through charged and neutral currents in the atmosphere giving rise to extensive air showers. When interacting deeply in the atmosphere at nearly horizontal incidence, neutrinos can be distinguished from regular hadronic cosmic rays by the broad time structure of their shower signals in the water-Cherenkov detectors. In this paper we present for the first time an analysis based on down-going neutrinos. We describe the search procedure, the possible sources of background, the method to compute the exposure and the associated systematic uncertainties. No candidate neutrinos have been found in data collected from 1 January 2004 to 31 May 2010. Assuming an E-2 differential energy spectrum the limit on the single-flavor neutrino is E2dN/dE < 1.74 x 10-7 GeV cm-2s-1sr-1 at 90% C.L. in the energy range 1 x 1017eV < E < 1 x 1020 eV.

Abreu, P [LIP, Coimbra; Lisbon, IST; Aglietta, M; Ahlers, M; Ahn, E J; Albuquerque, I F.M.; Allard, D

2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

431

Virtual Measurement in Pipes, Part 1: Flowing Bottom Hole Pressure Under Multi-Phase Flow and Inclined Wellbore Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPE 30975 Virtual Measurement in Pipes, Part 1: Flowing Bottom Hole Pressure Under Multi-Phase Flow, 163245 SPEUT. Abstract Pressure drop prediction in pipes is an old petroleum engineering problem. There is a long history of attempts to develop empirical correlations to predict the pressure drop in pipes. Some

Mohaghegh, Shahab

432

Gas-solid transport in a 0. 0508 m pipe at various inclinations with and without electrostatics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The transport of solid particles by air through a 0.0508 m pipe was studied in vertical, horizontal, and 45/sup 0/ orientations. Through control of the air humidity, the effects of electrostatic charging was observed. Pressure drop and particle velocities were measured. Particles used included 79 ..mu..m, 125 ..mu..m, and 450 ..mu..m glass beads and 128 ..mu..m Plexiglas beads. Analysis of particle velocity, pressure drop fluctuation, electrostatic pressure drop, choking and saltation was performed. Visual observations of the flow patterns and behavior were made. A linear stability analysis for the three orientations was performed.

Myler, C.A.; Zaltash, A.; Klinzing, G.E.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

A Search for Ultra-High Energy Neutrinos in Highly Inclined Events at the Pierre Auger Observatory  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

The Surface Detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory is sensitive to neutrinos of all flavors above 0.1 EeV. These interact through charged and neutral currents in the atmosphere giving rise to extensive air showers. When interacting deeply in the atmosphere at nearly horizontal incidence, neutrinos can be distinguished from regular hadronic cosmic rays by the broad time structure of their shower signals in the water-Cherenkov detectors. In this paper we present for the first time an analysis based on down-going neutrinos. We describe the search procedure, the possible sources of background, the method to compute the exposure and the associated systematic uncertainties. No candidate neutrinos have been found in data collected from 1 January 2004 to 31 May 2010. Assuming an E-2 differential energy spectrum the limit on the single-flavor neutrino is E2dN/dE -7 GeV cm-2s-1sr-1 at 90% C.L. in the energy range 1 x 1017eV 20 eV.

Abreu, P [LIP, Coimbra; Lisbon, IST; Aglietta, M; Ahlers, M; Ahn, E J; Albuquerque, I F.M.; Allard, D

2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

434

Development of a Machine Vision System for the Inspection of Heavy-Haul Railway Turnout and Track Components  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transportation and Engineering Center, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL USA Abstract North necessitate frequent inspection and have more intensive maintenance requirements, leaving railroads with less algorithms have shown good reliability in identifying cut spikes and rail anchors from field-acquired videos

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

435

Aerodynamic Analysis of Intermodal Freight Trains Using Machine Vision World Congress on Railway Research, May 22-26, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aerodynamic Analysis of Intermodal Freight Trains Using Machine Vision 9 th World Congress. However, intermodal trains use rolling stock that generates significantly greater aerodynamic drag increases annual operating expenditures. There are opportunities to improve intermodal train aerodynamics

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

436

From horse-drawn railway to high-speed transportation system Od konspezn zeleznice k vysokorychlostnm dopravnm systm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

composed for many centuries and isn´t prepared for the acute impact of automobile conveyance. It was the UT, mnozství více ci mén vhodn parkujících automobil, nízká cestovní rychlost mstské hromadné dopravy (MHD automobil na 2,1 obyvatele vrcholovou pozici v zebícku mst nejen ceských, ale v poslední dob jiz i

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

437

MATH 360: Project 2, Improving the Trans-Siberian Railway Model This project is due Monday 13th October.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of supplying city xj with material for a year depended on the location x of the Parts Distribution Center (PDC to place the PDC at location x and we deduced (perhaps surprisingly) that the optimal location of the PDC. What is the cost of keeping the PDC at x = 6? What about at x = 10? Now repeat the ideas you used

Fletcher, Alastair

438

E-Print Network 3.0 - assess training intensity Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Utilization 7 Impact of Train Type Heterogeneity on Single-Track Railway Capacity Mark H. Dingler Summary: Impact of Train Type Heterogeneity on Single-Track Railway...

439

Transient Start-up of Plane Poiseuille Flow M. Aboubacar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the restrictions on variations in the gravitational constant are strict [11]. Nevertheless, we 2 hal-00473533

Grant, P. W.

440

A numerical upscaling procedure to estimate effective plane wave ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feb 15, 2009 ... faces generating significant energy losses and velocity dispersion. To perform ..... ably saturated transient flow in fractal soils. Set C CL [ CB...

"Juan E. Santos; J. Germ?n Rubino; Claudia L. Ravazzoli"

2009-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A Numerical Upscaling Procedure to Estimate Effective Plane Wave ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jan 12, 2008 ... significant energy losses and velocity dispersion. To perform numerical ..... saturated transient flow in fractal soils. Set ? = ?L ? ?B ? ?R ? ?T ,...

german

442

Multimodal Transportation in California: Connecting Planes, Trains and Automobiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

feature of California transportation decision making. ? A Cto expand the capacity of the transportation system,including intercity transportation. If historic trends are

Kanafani, Adib

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Null energy in plane Kaluza-Klein worlds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the energy problem in the $R0X$ spacetimes in 5D. We found that for the Einstein, Landau-Lifschitz and the Moller complexes are null.

David Solano; Rodrigo Alvarado

2005-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

444

Hardware Accelerated Impairment Aware Control Plane Yixuan Qin1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

element (PCE) cen- tralised approach. The PCE receives the path calculation request (e.g. from the Network through the network. The PCE communication protocol (PCEP) is the protocol used to communicate between the PCE and the path computation client (PCC) and between PCEs for inter-domain path calculation. Upon

Vlachos, Kyriakos G.

445

On Covering Points with Conics and Strips in the Plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geometric covering problems have always been of focus in computer scientific research. The generic geometric covering problem asks to cover a set S of n objects with another set of objects whose cardinality is minimum, in a geometric setting. Many...

Tiwari, Praveen 1985-

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

446

Cross plane transfer of vestibular adaptation to human centrifugation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Human short-radius centrifugation (SRC) is being investigated as a volume-efficient means of delivering intermittent doses of "artificial gravity" to counter the deleterious effects of long exposures to weightlessness. ...

Garrick-Bethell, Ian, 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

B-spline finite elements for plane elasticity problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The k-refinement is reported to be much more efficient and robust than the standard h or p- refinement used in the conventional FEM models. Besides the use of B-spline functions for structural problems, they have been used in some other fields as well... and convergence behavior. The paper reports a reduction in the numerical cost using B-spline FEM. The use of the B-spline finite element method for the thermistor problem [29,30] and for a numerical solution of Burger?s equation[31- 33] has been successfully...

Aggarwal, Bhavya

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

448

PLANE-LIKE MINIMAL SURFACES IN PERIODIC MEDIA WITH ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Key words. minimal surfaces, sets of finite perimeter, homogenization, .... troduce a particular example, and we perform several explicit computations in search .... E minimizes area outside the exclusions, it follows from Lemma A.5 that if x ? K ...... It is an easy exercise to check that, for n = 2, minimizers must enter the...

SIAM (#1) 1035 2001 Apr 10 12:32:38

2004-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

449

Determining Planes Along Which Earthquakes Occur- Method of Applicatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Along Which Earthquakes Occur- Method of Application to Earthquakes Accompanying Hydraulic Fracturing Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library...

450

Localized edge states and homoclinic snaking in plane Couette flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-dimension =1) Skufca, Yorke & Eckhardt PRL 2006; Schneider, Eckhardt & Yorke PRL 2007; Schneider et al. PRE channels Schneider, Gibson & Burke, PRL, 2010 Bifurcation diagram: Localized traveling waves Localized-Stokes dynamics Schneider, Gibson & Burke, PRL, 2010 #12;Localized `cousins'

Doedel, Eusebius

451

Progress and Status on Through-Plane Resistance and Conductivity...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 GDE 2 GDE 1 Overlap Area Bottom Top Top View U.S. Patent No. 7,652,479 Side View 14 Offset electrode geometry for 4-probe conductivity measurement of thin film electrolytes V...

452

Procedure for Performing In-Plane Membrane Conductivity Testing  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presented at the 2009 High Temperature Membrane Working Group Meeting held May 18, 2009, in Arlington, Virginia

453

In-Plane Conductivity Testing Procedures and Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation on conductivity testing was given at the High Temperature Membrane Working Group Meeting in May 2007.

454

Taking Tekkotsu Out Of The Plane Jonathan A. Coens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

combination of arm trajectories and body motions. The robot successfully competed in the AAAI-2010 Small-Scale--playing chess on a real chessboard--provided motivation to upgrade these primitives to handle the third

455

Planes Sectoriales Tecnologas de la Informacin y de las  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: · Comportamiento ético (en el uso de las TIC) · Mentalidad ante el cambio (innovación, creatividad

Escolano, Francisco

456

Plane wave solution for elastic wave scattering by a heterogeneous ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

chanics, Montreal, I, Eds: G. Herget and S. Vongpaisal, Balkema, Rotter- ... 23 G. U. Haugen and M. A. Schoenberg, ''The echo of a fault or fracture,''.

2004-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

457

Ris-M-2775 On the Plane Steady Flow of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/o BIOMASS only together with EOB INIS-DE only together with EDB-DE Only non-nuclear energy in EDB AT) XC - European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) NL - The Netherlands #12;Links Descriptors and scaling law of the mass ablation flux 12 3. Numerical analysis and results 14 4. Discussions 17 4

458

Plane curve complements and curves on Hurwitz MICHAEL DETTWEILER y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of H 4 (M 24 ): Dettweiler and Reiter [DR], [DR1], Thompson and Volklein [TV], [TV1], and Volklein [Vrational variety. One of the most common approaches to find rational points on H r (G); is to lift a y The author

Dettweiler, Michael

459

Wiggler plane focusing in a linear free electron laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This disclosure describes a free electron laser apparatus that provides a magnetic centering force to turn or focus a non-axial electron toward the longitudinal axis as desired. The focusing effect is provided by wiggler magnet pole faces that are approximately parabolically shaped.

Scharlemann, E.T.

1985-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

460

GROUND PLANE INSULATION FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPC SUPERCONDUCTING COIL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPC SUPERCONDUCTING COIL M. A. Green,Time Projection Cnamber) thin superconducting solenoid. Theand breakage of the superconductor. The UPA circuit melted

Green, M.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Implementing the simplex method as a cutting-plane method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is achieved by a broad enough initial set of cuts as we assumed that the ...... zation: Proceedings of the 4th French-German Conference on Optimization...

2011-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

462

A Chance-Constrained Model & Cutting Planes for Fixed Broadband ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

France, e-mail: david.coudert@inria.fr ... and by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. ..... N., Rivano, H.: Power-efficient radio configuration in fixed broad-.

2011-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

463

Fortuitously Superimposed Lattice Plane Secondary Diffraction from Crystalline Colloidal Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Experimental Section Monodisperse colloidal silica spheres were obtained from Nissan Chemical Industries, Ltd was observed. The silica CCA suspensions were injected between two quartz plates separated by 6.1 µm thick

Asher, Sanford A.

464

An analytic center cutting plane approach for conic programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MSC2000 Subject Classification: Primary: 90C51, 90C25; Secondary: 90C05, .... They proved that the recovery of a new analytic center can be done in O(p ln(p+...

Megiddo

2005-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

465

Forced two layer beta-plane quasi-geostrophic flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that our unique weak solution is in fact a classical solution. In addition we will prove that the mentioned solution is time and space analytic. Meantime, L. Panetta, E. Titi and M. Ziane have announced in [14] existence and uniqueness results (as well as a... = (-partialdiffpsipartialdiffx2 , partialdiffpsipartialdiffx1 ), (x1, x2) are horizontal coordinates, F and D are forcing and dissipation terms, and Q is related to psi by a linear differential operator L in space variables Q = L[psi]. (2.3) Different choices for L give...

Onica, Constantin

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

466

A Global Control Algorithm in the Plane C. Yalcin Kaya  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Noakes Department of Mathematics University of Western Australia Nedlands, W.A., 6907 Australia Fax: 61 Australia The Levels, S.A., 5095 Australia Fax: 61-8-8302 5785 E-mail: yalcin.kaya@unisa.edu.au J. Lyle

Kaya, Yalcin

467

Reformulation versus cutting-planes for robust optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

simple and comparable to other constraint generation methods. The method ...... matical Programming Society COAL Newsletter 13, 1012 (1985). 13. Goh, J.

2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

468

Submerged electricity generation plane with marine current-driven motors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An underwater apparatus for generating electric power from ocean currents and deep water tides. A submersible platform including two or more power pods, each having a rotor with fixed-pitch blades, with drivetrains housed in pressure vessels that are connected by a transverse structure providing buoyancy, which can be a wing depressor, hydrofoil, truss, or faired tube. The platform is connected to anchors on the seafloor by forward mooring lines and a vertical mooring line that restricts the depth of the device in the water column. The platform operates using passive, rather than active, depth control. The wing depressor, along with rotor drag loads, ensures the platform seeks the desired operational current velocity. The rotors are directly coupled to a hydraulic pump that drives at least one constant-speed hydraulic-motor generator set and enables hydraulic braking. A fluidic bearing decouples non-torque rotor loads to the main shaft driving the hydraulic pumps.

Dehlsen, James G.P.; Dehlsen, James B.; Fleming, Alexander

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Optimal anisotropic three-phase conducting composites: Plane problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper establishes tight lower bound for effective conductivity tensor $K_*$ of two-dimensional three-phase conducting anisotropic composites and defines optimal microstructures. It is assumed that three materials are mixed with fixed volume fractions and that the conductivity of one of the materials is infinite. The bound expands the Hashin-Shtrikman and Translation bounds to multiphase structures, it is derived using the technique of {\\em localized polyconvexity} that is a combination of Translation method and additional inequalities on the fields in the materials; similar technique was used by Nesi (1995) and Cherkaev (2009) for isotropic multiphase composites. This paper expands the bounds to the anisotropic composites. The lower bound of conductivity (G-closure) is a piece-wise analytic function of eigenvalues of $K_*$, that depends only on conductivities of components and their volume fractions. Also, we find optimal microstructures that realize the bounds, developing the technique suggested earlier by Albin Cherkaev and Nesi (2007) and Cherkaev (2009). The optimal microstructures are laminates of some rank for all regions. The found structures match the bounds in all but one region of parameters; we discuss the reason for the gap and numerically estimate it.

Andrej Cherkaev; and Yuan Zhang

2011-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

470

Cardinality Cuts: New Cutting Planes for 0-1 Programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: We present new valid inequalities that work in similar ways to well known cover ... We work on the 0-1 integer programming problem given below: n.

Osman Oguz

2006-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

471

GROUND PLANE INSULATION FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPC SUPERCONDUCTING COIL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPC SUPERCONDUCTING COIL M. A. Green,Time Projection Cnamber) thin superconducting solenoid. Thefailure of the first superconducting coil at the Lawrence

Green, M.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Cross-plane thermal properties of transition metal dichalcogenides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, we explore the thermal properties of hexagonal transition metal dichalcogenide compounds with different average atomic masses but equivalent microstructures. Thermal conductivity values of sputtered thin films were compared to bulk crystals. The comparison revealed a >10 fold reduction in thin film thermal conductivity. Structural analysis of the films revealed a turbostratic structure with domain sizes on the order of 5-10 nm. Estimates of phonon scattering lengths at domain boundaries based on computationally derived group velocities were consistent with the observed film microstructure, and accounted for the reduction in thermal conductivity compared to values for bulk crystals.

Muratore, C. [Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Dayton, Dayton, Ohio 45469 (United States) [Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Dayton, Dayton, Ohio 45469 (United States); Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States); Varshney, V. [Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States) [Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States); Universal Technology Corporation, Dayton, Ohio 45432 (United States); Gengler, J. J. [Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States) [Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States); Spectral Energies LLC, Dayton, Ohio 45431 (United States); Hu, J. J.; Bultman, J. E. [Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States) [Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States); University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio 45469 (United States); Smith, T. M. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Shamberger, P. J.; Roy, A. K.; Voevodin, A. A. [Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States)] [Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States); Qiu, B.; Ruan, X. [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

473

In Plane Conductivity Testing, BekkTech LLC  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

skill and equipment required than making and testing a good MEA * Eliminates other fuel cell performance factors * Allows for an isolation of moving charge, not creation or...

474

In Plane Conductivity Testing, BekkTech LLC  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

High Temperature Membrane Working Group Meeting ACS, San Francisco 9-14, 2006, presented by Tim Bekkedahl

475

On the Rank of Cutting-Plane Proof Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feb 16, 2013 ... ... to be able to prove the unsatisfiability of certain k-CSP formulas within o(n) ...... The following observation is an essential building block in...

Sebastian Pokutta, Andreas S. Schulz

2013-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

476

Orthogonal-Phase-Velocity Propagation of Electromagnetic Plane Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In an isotropic, homogeneous, nondissipative, dielectric-magnetic medium that is simply moving with respect to an inertial reference frame, planewave solutions of the Maxwell curl postulates can be such that the phase velocity and the time-averaged Poynting vector are mutually orthogonal. Orthogonal-phase-velocity propagation thus adds to the conventional positive-phase-velocity propagation and the recently discovered negative-phase-velocity propagation that is associated with the phenomenon of negative refraction.

Tom G. Mackay; Akhlesh Lakhtakia

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

477

Dynamic whole-arm dexterous manipulation in the plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and a backplate onto which the palm is attached. All of these parts are made of aluminium. Holding each finger in place is a shaft from a torque sensor. The actuator consists of a permanent magnet dc motor, harmonic drive gearing, and an optical... are using has a magnetic field that is provided by a permanent magnet. So the field can be considered a constant in our model. We supply a current through the armature winding of the dc motor so 20 finger 2 finger 1 object to be manipulated Qo aim...

Yeap, Soon Lin

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

TABLA EQUIVALENCIA PLANES MSTER UNIVERSITARIO EN AUDITORA Y CONTABILIDAD SUPERIOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(II) 621707 Normas de Información Financiera (III) 613614 Combinaciones de Negocios y Consolidación de Cuentas Anuales 621708 Combinaciones de Negocios y Consolidación de Cuentas Anuales 613612 Normas Internacionales de Información Financiera 621709 Normas Internacionales de Información Financiera 613601

Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad

479

Unique Sensor Plane Maps Invisible Toxins for First Responders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A unique airborne emergency response tool, ASPECT is a Los Alamos/U.S. Environmental Protection Agency project that can put chemical and radiological mapping tools in the air over an accident scene. The name ASPECT is an acronym for Airborne Spectral Phot

2008-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

480

Directional Reactive Power Ground Plane Transmission - Energy Innovation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesDataTranslocation of ShewanellausingDirect-WriteDirected

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inclined plane railways" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

MHK Technologies/WavePlane | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay IEOWCCatcher.png TechnologyRoller

482

angle measurement planes: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A; Ravinovich, I; Read, K F; Reygers, K; Riabov, V; Riabov, Y; Richardson, E; Roach, D; Roche, G; Rolnick, S D; Rosati, M; Rosen, C A; Rosendahl, S S E; Rosnet, P;...

483

The slopes determined by n points in the plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

field k,andletG be a graph with vertices V and edges E.Apicture P of G consists of a point P(v)for each vertex and a line P(e) for each edge, subject to the condition that P(v) ? P(e) whenever v is an endpoint of e.Thusthedataofn points and parenleftbig... n 2 parenrightbig lines described earlier is a picture of the complete graph K n on n vertices. The set of all pictures of G is called the picture space X(G). A picture is generic if the points P(v) are all different; the closure of the locus...

Martin, Jeremy L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Determining Planes Along Which Earthquakes Occur- Method of Application to  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 No revision has beenFinancialSilverUsing Thermal

485

U & V PLANE MODULE ASSY 127 - S  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism in Layeredof Energy Two2015 Tyson Research CenterT~p~FRONT

486

A COMPUTATIONAL STUDY OF THE CUTTING PLANE TREE ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sep 14, 2010 ... All computations are done on a 3.2 GHz Sun workstation with 4 GB RAM, under 3600 .... An updated mixed integer linear programming library:.

2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

487

QCD sum rules on the complex Borel plane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Borel transformed QCD sum rules conventionally use a real valued parameter (the Borel mass) for specifying the exponential weight over which hadronic spectral functions are averaged. In this paper, it is shown that the Borel mass can be generalized to have complex values and that new classes of sum rules can be derived from the resulting averages over the spectral functions. The real and imaginary parts of these novel sum rules turn out to have damped oscillating kernels and potentially contain a larger amount of information on the hadronic spectrum than the real valued QCD sum rules. As a first practical test, we have formulated the complex Borel sum rules for the phi meson channel and have analyzed them using the maximum entropy method, by which we can extract the most probable spectral function from the sum rules without strong assumptions on its functional form. As a result, it is demonstrated that, compared to earlier studies, the complex valued sum rules allow us to extract the spectral function with a significantly improved resolution and thus to study more detailed structures of the hadronic spectrum than previously possible.

Ken-Ji Araki; Keisuke Ohtani; Philipp Gubler; Makoto Oka

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

488

Unique Sensor Plane Maps Invisible Toxins for First Responders  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A unique airborne emergency response tool, ASPECT is a Los Alamos/U.S. Environmental Protection Agency project that can put chemical and radiological mapping tools in the air over an accident scene. The name ASPECT is an acronym for Airborne Spectral Phot

None

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

489

Elliptic Flow: Transition from Out-of-Plane to In-Plane Emission in Au + Au Collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have measured the proton elliptic flow excitation function for the Au+Au system spanning the beam energy range (2{endash}8)A GeV . The excitation function shows a transition from negative to positive elliptic flow at a beam energy, E{sub tr}{approximately}4A GeV . Detailed comparisons with calculations from a relativistic Boltzmann equation are presented. The comparisons suggest a softening of the nuclear equation of state from a stiff form (K{approximately}380 MeV ) at low beam energies (E{sub beam}{le}2A GeV ) to a softer form (K{approximately}210 MeV ) at higher energies (E{sub beam}{ge}4A GeV ) where the calculated baryon density {rho}{approximately}4{rho}{sub 0} . {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

Pinkenburg, C.; Ajitanand, N.N.; Alexander, J.M.; Chung, P.; Elmaani, A.; Gilkes, M.L.; Gushue, S.; Lacey, R.A.; Lauret, J.; Law, C.; McGrath, R. [Departments of Chemistry and Physics, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States)] [Departments of Chemistry and Physics, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States); Best, D.; Case, T.; Crowe, K.; Odyniec, G.; Olson, D.L.; Rai, G.; Ritter, H.G.; Schroeder, L.; Stone, N.T.; Symons, T.J.; Wienold, T. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Das, A.C.; Lisa, M.A. [Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Justice, M.; Keane, D.; Liu, H.; Panitkin, S.Y.; Witt, R. [Kent State University, Kent, Ohio 44242 (United States)] [Kent State University, Kent, Ohio 44242 (United States); Anderson, M.; Brady, F.P.; Caskey, W.; Cebra, D.; Chance, J.L.; Draper, J.E.; Heffner, M.; Klay, J.; Romero, J.L.; Wood, L. [University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States)] [University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States); Danielewicz, P. [Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824-1321 (United States)] [Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824-1321 (United States); Hirsch, A.S.; Hjort, E.L.; Porile, N.T.; Scharenberg, R.; Srivastava, B. [Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-1396 (United States)] [Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-1396 (United States); Kaplan, M.; Milosevich, Z.; Whitfield, J. [Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)] [Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Gushue, S. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)] [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States); Gossiaux, P.B. [SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines, F-44070 Nantes (France)] [SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines, F-44070 Nantes (France); Krofcheck, D. [University of Auckland, Auckland (New Zealand)] [University of Auckland, Auckland (New Zealand); Cole, B. [Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)] [Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Kintner, J.C. [St. Mary`s College, Moraga, California 94575 (United States)] [St. Mary`s College, Moraga, California 94575 (United States); Huo, L.; Liu, Y.M.; Zhang, W.N. [Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150001 People`s Republic of (China)] [Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150001 People`s Republic of (China)

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Transition from in-plane to out-of-plane azimuthal enhancement in Au+Au collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A 553 (1993) 739c. [46] P. Danielewicz and G. Odyniec, Phys.247 (1990) 233. [50] P. Danielewicz, discussion during INT-94-3, Seattle. [51] P. Danielewicz and Q. Pan, Phys. Rev. C

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

______ MA 16500 Plane Analytic Geometry and Calculus I 5 credits ______ MA 16100 Plane Analytic Geometry and Calculus II 4 credits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

credits ______ IE 33000 Probability And Statistics In Engineering II IE STUDENTS ONLY!* 3 credits AREA 2 23000 Probability And Statistics In Engineering I IE STUDENTS ONLY!* 3 credits AREA 3 ______ STAT 51200 Science, Applied Statistics, Mathematical Statistics, and/or Statistics with Math cannot complete

Kihara, Daisuke

492

Database-Aware Semantically-Smart Storage Muthian Sivathanu , Lakshmi N. Bairavasundaram y ,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ing. 1 Introduction In 1994 we 2 contacted the Dutch Railway Company (Nederlandse Spoorwegen) in order

Arpaci-Dusseau, Andrea

493

Unity, Justice and Protection: The Colored Trainmen of America's Struggle to End Jim Crow in the American Railroad Industry [and Elsewhere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Advancement Association for Colored People NMB National Mediation Board NLRB National Labor Relations Board ix NRAB National Railroad Adjustment Board NRLEC Negro Railway... committee of five highly organized black labor unions known as the Negro Railway Labor Executives Committee (NRLEC). Collectively, the CTA, the Association of Colored Railway Trainmen and Locomotive Firemen (ACRTLF), International Association of Railway...

James, Ervin

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

494

In Press: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit Machine vision analysis of the energy efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, recover kinetic energy of moving trains, energy efficient design of railway vehicles, more efficient

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

495

Machine vision analysis of the energy efficiency of intermodal freight trains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and M P Stehly of moving trains, energy efficient design of railway vehicles, more efficient operations

Ahuja, Narendra

496

T Tauri variability in the context of the beat-frequency model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the implications of a beat frequency modulated model of T Tauri accretion. In particular we show that measurements of the variability of accretion generated lines can be used in conjunction with existing photometry to obtain a measurement of the underlying photospheric and disc flux. This provides an independent way of checking spectral energy distribution modelling. In addition, we show how spectroscopy of T Tauri stars can reveal the inclination angle between the magnetic axis and the plane of the disc.

K. W. Smith; G. F. Lewis; I. A. Bonnell

1995-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

497

The stratigraphy and structure of the Rosita gas fields, Duval County, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is supported by regional stratigraphic location and trace fossil morphology. The style of deforma, ? tion is also compatible with an ou. er shelf cr upper slope morphology. Furthermore, some thin, undeformed 'beds show turbidite sequences of' the ABC type.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 A. Fine sandstone disected by high-angle reverse micro- faults; 10081 ft. B. Fine sandstone contorted and cut by high-angle reverse microfaults; 14025 ft. C. Sheared siltstone with thin elongated silt lenses and gently inclined shear planes...

Straccia, Joseph Robert

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Crystal orientation mechanism of ZnTe epilayers formed on different orientations of sapphire substrates by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electrooptic effect in ZnTe has recently attracted research attention, and various device structures using ZnTe have been explored. For application to practical terahertz wave detector devices based on ZnTe thin films, sapphire substrates are preferred because they enable the optical path alignment to be simplified. ZnTe/sapphire heterostructures were focused upon, and ZnTe epilayers were prepared on highly mismatched sapphire substrates by molecular beam epitaxy. Epitaxial relationships between the ZnTe thin films and the sapphire substrates with their various orientations were investigated using an X-ray diffraction pole figure method. (0001) c-plane, (1-102) r-plane, (1-100) m-plane, and (11-20) a-plane oriented sapphire substrates were used in this study. The epitaxial relationship between ZnTe and c-plane sapphire was found to be (111) ZnTe//(0001) sapphire with an in-plane orientation relationship of [?211] ZnTe//[1-100] sapphire. It was found that the (211)-plane ZnTe layer was grown on the m-plane of the sapphire substrates, and the (100)-plane ZnTe layer was grown on the r-plane sapphire. When the sapphire substrates were inclined from the c-plane towards the m-axis direction, the orientation of the ZnTe thin films was then tilted from the (111)-plane to the (211)-plane. The c-plane of the sapphire substrates governs the formation of the (111) ZnTe domain and the ZnTe epilayer orientation. These crystallographic features were also related to the atom arrangements of ZnTe and sapphire.

Nakasu, T., E-mail: n-taizo.nakasu@asagi.waseda.jp; Yamashita, S.; Aiba, T.; Hattori, S.; Sun, W.; Taguri, K.; Kazami, F. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Bioscience, Waseda University, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Kobayashi, M. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Bioscience, Waseda University, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Kagami Memorial Research Institute for Materials and Technology, Waseda University, Tokyo 169-0051 (Japan)

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

499

Field application of an interpretation method of downhole temperature and pressure data for detecting water entry in horizontal/highly inclined gas wells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

condition change, wellbore structure change, geothermal environment change, or simple just noise of measurement. To separate flow condition change from the other causes of temperature change, we require a comprehensive understanding of flow dynamics. 5.... The interpretation model for downhole temperature and pressure data is a coupled thermal wellbore/reservoir flow model. The model is built on fundamental flow and energy conservation equations for both the reservoir and wellbore. These equations are: Mass balance...

Achinivu, Ochi I.

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

500

Measurement of the cosmic ray spectrum above $4{\\times}10^{18}$ eV using inclined events detected with the Pierre Auger Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A measurement of the cosmic-ray spectrum for energies exceeding $4{\\times}10^{18}$ eV is presented, which is based on the analysis of showers with zenith angles greater than $60^{\\circ}$ detected with the Pierre Auger Observatory between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2013. The measured spectrum confirms a flux suppression at the highest energies. Above $5.3{\\times}10^{18}$ eV, the "ankle", the flux can be described by a power law $E^{-\\gamma}$ with index $\\gamma=2.70 \\pm 0.02 \\,\\text{(stat)} \\pm 0.1\\,\\text{(sys)}$ followed by a smooth suppression region. For the energy ($E_\\text{s}$) at which the spectral flux has fallen to one-half of its extrapolated value in the absence of suppression, we find $E_\\text{s}=(5.12\\pm0.25\\,\\text{(stat)}^{+1.0}_{-1.2}\\,\\text{(sys)}){\\times}10^{19}$ eV.

The Pierre Auger Collaboration; Alexander Aab; Pedro Abreu; Marco Aglietta; Eun-Joo Ahn; Imen Al Samarai; Ivone Albuquerque; Ingomar Allekotte; Patrick Allison; Alejandro Almela; Jesus Alvarez Castillo; Jaime Alvarez-Muiz; Rafael Alves Batista; Michelangelo Ambrosio; Amin Aminaei; Luis Anchordoqui; Sofia Andringa; Carla Aramo; Victor Manuel Aranda; Fernando Arqueros; Nicusor Arsene; Hernn Gonzalo Asorey; Pedro Assis; Julien Aublin; Maximo Ave; Michel Avenier; Gualberto Avila; Nafiun Awal; Alina Mihaela Badescu; Kerri B Barber; Julia Buml; Colin Baus; Jim Beatty; Karl Heinz Becker; Jose A Bellido; Corinne Berat; Mario Edoardo Bertaina; Xavier Bertou; Peter Biermann; Pierre Billoir; Simon G Blaess; Alberto Blanco; Miguel Blanco; Carla Bleve; Hans Blmer; Martina Boh?ov; Denise Boncioli; Carla Bonifazi; Nataliia Borodai; Jeffrey Brack; Iliana Brancus; Ariel Bridgeman; Pedro Brogueira; William C Brown; Peter Buchholz; Antonio Bueno; Stijn Buitink; Mario Buscemi; Karen S Caballero-Mora; Barbara Caccianiga; Lorenzo Caccianiga; Marina Candusso; Laurentiu Caramete; Rossella Caruso; Antonella Castellina; Gabriella Cataldi; Lorenzo Cazon; Rosanna Cester; Alan G Chavez; Andrea Chiavassa; Jose Augusto Chinellato; Jiri Chudoba; Marco Cilmo; Roger W Clay; Giuseppe Cocciolo; Roberta Colalillo; Alan Coleman; Laura Collica; Maria Rita Coluccia; Ruben Conceio; Fernando Contreras; Mathew J Cooper; Alain Cordier; Stephane Coutu; Corbin Covault; James Cronin; Richard Dallier; Bruno Daniel; Sergio Dasso; Kai Daumiller; Bruce R Dawson; Rogerio M de Almeida; Sijbrand J de Jong; Giuseppe De Mauro; Joao de Mello Neto; Ivan De Mitri; Jaime de Oliveira; Vitor de Souza; Luis del Peral; Olivier Deligny; Hans Dembinski; Niraj Dhital; Claudio Di Giulio; Armando Di Matteo; Johana Chirinos Diaz; Mary Lucia Daz Castro; Francisco Diogo; Carola Dobrigkeit; Wendy Docters; Juan Carlos D'Olivo; Alexei Dorofeev; Qader Dorosti Hasankiadeh; Maria Teresa Dova; Jan Ebr; Ralph Engel; Martin Erdmann; Mona Erfani; Carlos O Escobar; Joao Espadanal; Alberto Etchegoyen; Heino Falcke; Ke Fang; Glennys Farrar; Anderson Fauth; Norberto Fazzini; Andrew P Ferguson; Mateus Fernandes; Brian Fick; Juan Manuel Figueira; Alberto Filevich; Andrej Filip?i?; Brendan Fox; Octavian Fratu; Martn Miguel Freire; Benjamin Fuchs; Toshihiro Fujii; Beatriz Garca; Diego Garcia-Pinto; Florian Gate; Hartmut Gemmeke; Alexandru Gherghel-Lascu; Piera Luisa Ghia; Ugo Giaccari; Marco Giammarchi; Maria Giller; Dariusz G?as; Christian Glaser; Henry Glass; Geraldina Golup; Mariano Gmez Berisso; Primo F Gmez Vitale; Nicols Gonzlez; Ben Gookin; Jacob Gordon; Alessio Gorgi; Peter Gorham; Philippe Gouffon; Nathan Griffith; Aurelio Grillo; Trent D Grubb; Fausto Guarino; Germano Guedes; Matas Rolf Hampel; Patricia Hansen; Diego Harari; Thomas A Harrison; Sebastian Hartmann; John Harton; Andreas Haungs; Thomas Hebbeker; Dieter Heck; Philipp Heimann; Alexander E Herve; Gary C Hill; Carlos Hojvat; Nicholas Hollon; Ewa Holt; Piotr Homola; Jrg Hrandel; Pavel Horvath; Miroslav Hrabovsk; Daniel Huber; Tim Huege; Antonio Insolia; Paula Gina Isar; Ingolf Jandt; Stefan Jansen; Cecilia Jarne; Jeffrey A Johnsen; Mariela Josebachuili; Alex Kp; Olga Kambeitz; Karl Heinz Kampert; Peter Kasper; Igor Katkov; Balazs Kgl; Bianca Keilhauer; Azadeh Keivani; Ernesto Kemp; Roger Kieckhafer; Hans Klages; Matthias Kleifges; Jonny Kleinfeller; Raphael Krause; Nicole Krohm; Oliver Krmer; Daniel Kuempel; Norbert Kunka; Danielle LaHurd; Luca Latronico; Robert Lauer; Markus Lauscher; Pascal Lautridou; Sandra Le Coz; Didier Lebrun; Paul Lebrun; Marcelo Augusto Leigui de Oliveira; Antoine Letessier-Selvon; Isabelle Lhenry-Yvon; Katrin Link; Luis Lopes; Rebeca Lpez; Aida Lpez Casado; Karim Louedec; Lu Lu; Agustin Lucero; Max Malacari; Simone Maldera; Manuela Mallamaci; Jennifer Maller; Dusan Mandat; Paul Mantsch; Analisa Mariazzi; Vincent Marin; Ioana Mari?; Giovanni Marsella; Daniele Martello; Lilian Martin; Humberto Martinez; Oscar Martnez Bravo; Diane Martraire; Jimmy Masas Meza; Hermann-Josef Mathes; Sebastian Mathys; James Matthews; John Matthews; Giorgio Matthiae; Detlef Maurel; Daniela Maurizio; Eric Mayotte; Peter Mazur; Carlos Medina; Gustavo Medina-Tanco; Rebecca Meissner; Victor Mello; Diego Melo; Alexander Menshikov; Stefano Messina; Rishi Meyhandan; Maria Isabel Micheletti; Lukas Middendorf; Ignacio A Minaya; Lino Miramonti; Bogdan Mitrica; Laura Molina-Bueno; Silvia Mollerach; Franois Montanet; Carlo Morello; Miguel Mostaf; Celio A Moura; Marcio Aparecido Muller; Gero Mller; Sarah Mller

2015-03-26T23:59:59.000Z