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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Root cause analysis of solder flux residue incidence in the manufacture of electronic power modules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work investigates the root causes of the incidence of solder flux residue underneath electronic components in the manufacture of power modules. The existing deionized water-based centrifugal cleaning process was ...

Jain, Pranav

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Use of incident databases for cause and consequence analysis and national estimates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emergency Events Surveillance (HSEES) database has been analyzed focusing on manufacturing events in Texas from 1993-2004. Between thirteen to sixteen states have participated in the HSEES incident reporting system and it does not include all the near miss...

Obidullah, A.S.M.

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

3

Using Violation and Vulnerability Analysis to Understand the Root-Causes of Complex Security Incidents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incidents C.W. Johnson Dept. of Computing Science, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland. http Department of Energy has also established the Information Security Resource Center to coordinate the `root is appropriate because it included failures in the underlying audit and control mechanisms. It also stemmed from

Johnson, Chris

4

Hydraulic fractur ing--also called hy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydraulic fractur ing--also called hy drofracking or frack ing--is a process where large volumes) is an aquatic invasive spe cies listed on the USDA's federal noxious weeds list (http:// www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health

Goodman, Robert M.

5

Curriculum Vitae Prof. Ing. Vincenzo Tucci  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Curriculum Vitae Prof. Ing. Vincenzo Tucci;Vincenzo Tucci Curriculum Vitae Pagina 2 di 15 Vincenzo Tucci Professore Ordinario di Elettrotecnica;Vincenzo Tucci Curriculum Vitae Pagina 3 di 15 II. ATTIVIT� SCIENTIFICA Il prof. Tucci è responsabile del

Costagliola, Gennaro

6

Ing Arvid Nesheim | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429IndianaProfessional JumpInfoSpiIng Arvid Nesheim

7

After the 1950's: Looking Back at William Inge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that there is an Aaron Copeland quality to Inge’s plays – a lyrical (45) sadness (with overtones of “Moonglow”?). Without fanfare or hyperbole, typical of his style as a man and playwright (he dressed and spoke plainly), William Inge had told me something sad, wise... at the center of his plays.] And of equal, if not greater importance, Rubin has no place to go. He is a “harness” salesman (229) in the age of the automobile. “Raised on a ranch,” he is a son of the West. A son of pioneers, he is “a stranger in the very land...

Wolf, Howard R.

2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

8

Fort Inge and the Texas frontier, 1849-1869  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) May 1991 ABSTRACT Fort Inge and the Texas Frontier, 1849-1869. (May 1991) Thomas Tyree Smith B. S. in Ed. , Southwest Texas State University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Joseph G. Dawson III Now an obscure site near Uvalde, Fort Inge was once...'s Report on the Eighth Nilitary Department, " Cartographic Division, DR 148, RG 77, NA. 12 NOTES 1. Frederick Law Olmsted, A Journey Through Texas: Or A Saddle- Trip On the Southwestern Frontier (New York: Dix, Edwards 6 Co. , 1857; rpr. , Austin...

Smith, Thomas Tyree

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Incidents of Security Concern  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation addresses incidents of security concern and an incident program for addressing them. It addresses the phases of an inquiry, and it divides incidents into categories based on severity and interest types based on whether security, management, or procedural interests are involved. A few scenarios are then analyzed according to these breakdowns.

Atencio, Julian J.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

H C26 Performance Analysis of Optica1 Interconnection Systems Inch-ing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of Optica1 Interconnection Systems Inch- ing T ransmitter T emperature Dependence .è ¯ � , � � ì

Choi, Woo-Young

11

Incidents of Security Concern  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Sets forth requirements for the DOE Incidents of Security Concern Program, including timely identification and notification of, response to, inquiry into, reporting of, and closure actions for incidents of security concern. Cancels Chapter VII of DOE O 470.1; DOE N 471.3; and Chapter IV of DOE M 471.2-1B (Note: Paragraphs 1 and 2 of Chapter III remain in effect.) Canceled by DOE O 470.4.

2004-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

12

Power Electronics and Electrical Drives Prof. Dr.-Ing. Joachim Bcker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vehiclesElectric vehicles RailCab Power Electronics Switched-mode power supplies High efficiency Drives and Electric Vehicles Power Electronics and Electrical Drives 5 Prof. Dr.-Ing. Joachim BöckerPower Electronics and Electrical Drives Prof. Dr.-Ing. Joachim Böcker Research Topics Mechatronic

Hellebrand, Sybille

13

"Dark Web: Exploring and Min-ing the Dark Side of the Web"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the internationally re- nowned Dark Web project will be reviewed, including: deep/dark web spider- ing (web sitesTitle: "Dark Web: Exploring and Min- ing the Dark Side of the Web" Speaker: Director, Prof will review the emerging research in Terrorism Informatics based on a web mining perspective. Recent progress

Michelsen, Claus

14

, ZHOU Q ing2jun , Chen R ay T.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

le 2ring m ic roresona tor as a prac tica l optica l filte r. The influence of optica l loss is a lso ana lyzed. Low optica l loss w ill cause sha rp a ttenua tion of the filte ring response and seve re optica l loss a lso can w iden the bandw id th and inc rease the bandw id th ra tio. Key words: integ ra

Chen, Ray

15

A review of "“The Temple” mit einer deutschen Versübersetzung." by Inge Leimberg ed. George Herbert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVIEWS 189 George Herbert. ?The Temple? mit einer deutschen Vers?bersetzung. Ed. Inge Leimberg. M?nster, New York, Munich, Berlin: Waxmann Verlag, 2002. xx + 473 pp. 39,00 EURO. Review by BILL ENGEL (NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE). Seventeenth...

Bill Engel

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Grazing incidence beam expander  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Grazing Incidence Beam Expander (GIBE) telescope is being designed and fabricated to be used as an equivalent end mirror in a long laser resonator cavity. The design requirements for this GIBE flow down from a generic Free Electron Laser (FEL) resonator. The nature of the FEL gain volume (a thin, pencil-like, on-axis region) dictates that the output beam be very small. Such a thin beam with the high power levels characteristic of FELs would have to travel perhaps hundreds of meters or more before expanding enough to allow reflection from cooled mirrors. A GIBE, on the other hand, would allow placing these optics closer to the gain region and thus reduces the cavity lengths substantially. Results are presented relating to optical and mechanical design, alignment sensitivity analysis, radius of curvature analysis, laser cavity stability analysis of a linear stable concentric laser cavity with a GIBE. Fabrication details of the GIBE are also given.

Akkapeddi, P.R.; Glenn, P.; Fuschetto, A.; Appert, Q.; Viswanathan, V.K.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

This tutorial describes stroke-based render-ing (SBR), an automatic approach to cre-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This tutorial describes stroke-based render- ing (SBR), an automatic approach to cre- ating nonphotorealistic imagery by placing discrete elements such as paint strokes or stipples. Researchers have proposed strokes are placed in a manner that match- estheoriginalphotograph,andthen rendered to have the appearance

Toronto, University of

18

TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS are the build-ing blocks of modern society. Efficient and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS are the build- ing blocks of modern society. Efficient and safe movement. How- ever, transportation systems by their very nature also affect the environment through operations, construction, and maintenance of transportation facilities, and through the travel behaviors they encourage

Storici, Francesca

19

Fraunhofer FOKUSCompetence Center NGNI Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil Thomas Magedanz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fraunhofer FOKUSCompetence Center NGNI Overview �berblick 1 Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil Thomas Magedanz Berlin, Germany Internet: www.av.tu-berlin.de Email: tm@cs.tu-berlin.de #12;Fraunhofer FOKUSCompetence and IT is fueling the innovation in Service Delivery Platforms and underlying networking infrastructures · IP

Wichmann, Felix

20

CAD BASED DRILLING USING CONVENTIONAL TWIST DRILLS PANAGIOTIS KYRATSIS*, Dr. Ing. NIKOLAOS BILALIS**, Dr. VASILIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CAD BASED DRILLING USING CONVENTIONAL TWIST DRILLS PANAGIOTIS KYRATSIS*, Dr. Ing. NIKOLAOS BILALIS, antoniadis@dpem.tuc.gr Abstract: Twist drills are geometrically complex tools, which are used in industry and experimental approaches for drilling simulation. The present paper is based on the ground that the increasing

Aristomenis, Antoniadis

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Climate change is not "a problem" wait-ing for "a solution". It is an environ-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

41 Climate change is not "a problem" wait- ing for "a solution". It is an environ- mental, cultural humanity's place on Earth. My new book, Why We Disagree About Climate Change, dissects this idea of climate about it. It also develops a different way of approaching the idea of climate change and of working

Hulme, Mike

22

BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR POTATOES seec ing Potato Voriet-es  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR POTATOES seec ing Potato Voriet-es for Mic -gon 45¢ Richard Chase bal to a high quality potato crop for commer- inche in rows 34 inches apart. Based on a soil test cial outlet. Extensive potato Ibs K20/A. variety performance trials are conducted each year Harvests were made

Douches, David S.

23

1D AND 3D SYSTEMS IN MACHINE AUTOMATION Dr.-Ing. Werner Stempfhuber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1D AND 3D SYSTEMS IN MACHINE AUTOMATION Dr.-Ing. Werner Stempfhuber Leica Geosystems AG Heerbrugg with "stringless technology". Today there is a large range of potential markets for new machine automation, mining and agricultural industries. The use of machine automation in these applications will alter

24

UC DAVIS College of engIneerIng 2012 13 Annual report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and industry, and included speakers from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, General Motors, CarnegieUC DAVIS College of engIneerIng 2012 ­13 Annual report #12;College of engineering, UC Davis a relations College of engineering, UC Davis 1 Shields Avenue, Kemper Hall 1027 Davis, CA 95616 530

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

25

he history of technology is a rich and fascinat-ing subject, combining engineering with eco-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T he history of technology is a rich and fascinat- ing subject, combining engineering with eco, Portuguese ships explored the un- charted coast of Africa, a daring exploit. It was a full 70 years before da- volved a compass for determining direction and a means for timing an object floating by the ship

Oriolo, Giuseppe

26

Power and sample size calculations for designing rare variant sequenc-ing association studies.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the statistical power of SKAT. Required sample size can be computed easily by inverting the power functionPower and sample size calculations for designing rare variant sequenc- ing association studies pow- erful than the collapsing based burden tests under many circumstances [4]. To design new sequence

Lin, Xihong

27

Dimension Estimation-based Spectrum Sens-ing for Cognitive Radio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dimension Estimation-based Spectrum Sens- ing for Cognitive Radio Bassem Zayen and Aawatif Hayar. Introduction The discrepancy between current-day spectrum allocation and spectrum use sug- gests that radio mean that radios could find and adapt to any immediate local spectrum availability. A new class

Gesbert, David

28

Shock chlorination is a method of disinfect-ing a water well. It is recommended when  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

period. Most water treatment equipment (such as water heaters, softeners and pressure tanks) should alsoShock chlorination is a method of disinfect- ing a water well. It is recommended when a water is the source of bacteria, the system will be contaminated again every time water is pumped into the plumbing

29

Reporting Incidents Of Security Concern  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To enhance the Department of Energy (DOE) Incidents of Security Concern Reporting Program through more consistent reporting, better information tracking, and interactive coordination. DOE N 251.54, dated 07/08/03, extends this directive until 07/08/04. Cancels Deputy Secretary Glauthier memorandum, subject: Reporting Security Incidents, dated 9-7-99.

2001-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

30

Cyber Security Incident Management Manual  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The manual establishes minimum requirements for a structured cyber security incident detection and management process for detecting, identifying, categorizing, containing, reporting, and mitigating cyber security incidents involving DOE information and information systems operated by DOE or by contractors on behalf of the Department. No cancellations. Admin Chg 1 dated 9-1-09.

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

31

Cyber Security Incident Management Manual  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The manual establishes minimum requirements for a structured cyber security incident detection and management process for detecting, identifying, categorizing, containing, reporting, and mitigating cyber security incidents involving DOE information and information systems operated by DOE or by contractors on behalf of the Department. No cancellations.

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

32

REVISTA INTERNACIONAL METODOS NUMERICOS EN INGENIERIA Rev. Int. Met. Numer. Ing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVISTA INTERNACIONAL M´ETODOS NUM´ERICOS EN INGENIER´IA Rev. Int. M´et. Num´er. Ing. Un nuevo de Galerkin discontinuo H. G´omez, I. Colominas* , F. Navarrina, M. Casteleiro Grupo de M´etodos Num´ericos enfoque para el tratamiento de los t´erminos difusivos de la ecuaci´on de convecci´on-difusi´on en el m´etodo

Gomez, Hector

33

Cyber Security Incident Management Manual  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The manual establishes minimum requirements for a structured cyber security incident detection and management process for detecting, identifying, categorizing, containing, reporting, and mitigating cyber security incidents involving DOE information and information systems operated by DOE or by contractors on behalf of the Department. Admin Chg 1 dated 9-1-09; Admin Chg 2 dated 12-22-09. Canceled by DOE O 205.1B.

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

34

Cyber Incidents Involving Control Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Analysis Function of the US-CERT Control Systems Security Center (CSSC) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has prepared this report to document cyber security incidents for use by the CSSC. The description and analysis of incidents reported herein support three CSSC tasks: establishing a business case; increasing security awareness and private and corporate participation related to enhanced cyber security of control systems; and providing informational material to support model development and prioritize activities for CSSC. The stated mission of CSSC is to reduce vulnerability of critical infrastructure to cyber attack on control systems. As stated in the Incident Management Tool Requirements (August 2005) ''Vulnerability reduction is promoted by risk analysis that tracks actual risk, emphasizes high risk, determines risk reduction as a function of countermeasures, tracks increase of risk due to external influence, and measures success of the vulnerability reduction program''. Process control and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems, with their reliance on proprietary networks and hardware, have long been considered immune to the network attacks that have wreaked so much havoc on corporate information systems. New research indicates this confidence is misplaced--the move to open standards such as Ethernet, Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, and Web technologies is allowing hackers to take advantage of the control industry's unawareness. Much of the available information about cyber incidents represents a characterization as opposed to an analysis of events. The lack of good analyses reflects an overall weakness in reporting requirements as well as the fact that to date there have been very few serious cyber attacks on control systems. Most companies prefer not to share cyber attack incident data because of potential financial repercussions. Uniform reporting requirements will do much to make this information available to Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and others who require it. This report summarizes the rise in frequency of cyber attacks, describes the perpetrators, and identifies the means of attack. This type of analysis, when used in conjunction with vulnerability analyses, can be used to support a proactive approach to prevent cyber attacks. CSSC will use this document to evolve a standardized approach to incident reporting and analysis. This document will be updated as needed to record additional event analyses and insights regarding incident reporting. This report represents 120 cyber security incidents documented in a number of sources, including: the British Columbia Institute of Technology (BCIT) Industrial Security Incident Database, the 2003 CSI/FBI Computer Crime and Security Survey, the KEMA, Inc., Database, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the Energy Incident Database, the INL Cyber Incident Database, and other open-source data. The National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT) database was also interrogated but, interestingly, failed to yield any cyber attack incidents. The results of this evaluation indicate that historical evidence provides insight into control system related incidents or failures; however, that the limited available information provides little support to future risk estimates. The documented case history shows that activity has increased significantly since 1988. The majority of incidents come from the Internet by way of opportunistic viruses, Trojans, and worms, but a surprisingly large number are directed acts of sabotage. A substantial number of confirmed, unconfirmed, and potential events that directly or potentially impact control systems worldwide are also identified. Twelve selected cyber incidents are presented at the end of this report as examples of the documented case studies (see Appendix B).

Robert J. Turk

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

MIDAS : minor incident decision analysis software  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MIDAS is the minor incident decision analysis software that acts as an advisory tool for plant decision makers and operators to analyze the available decision alternatives for resolving minor incidents. The minor incidents ...

Horng, Tze-Chieh, 1964-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Employee Accident / Incident Investigation Report Employee Name _________________________________________________________________  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Employee Accident / Incident Investigation Report Employee Name's Title _________________________________________________________________ Date and Time of Accident accident occurred

Long, Nicholas

37

Potential safety-related incidents with possible applicability to a nuclear fuel reprocessing plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The occurrence of certain potential events in nuclear fuel reprocessing plants could lead to significant consequences involving risk to operating personnel or to the general public. This document is a compilation of such potential initiating events in nuclear fuel reprocessing plants. Possible general incidents and incidents specific to key operations in fuel reprocessing are considered, including possible causes, consequences, and safety features designed to prevent, detect, or mitigate such incidents.

Perkins, W.C.; Durant, W.S.; Dexter, A.H.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Effect of Emergency Argon on FCF Operational Incidents  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following report presents analyses of operational incidents which are considered in the safety analysis of the FCF argon cell and the effect that the operability of the emergency argon system has on the course of these incidents. The purpose of this study is to determine if the emergency argon system makes a significant difference in ameliorating the course of these incidents. Six incidents were considered. The following three incidents were analyzed. These are: 1. Cooling failing on 2. Vacuum Pump Failing on 3. Argon Supplies Failing on. In the remaining three incidents, the emergency argon supply would have no effect on the course of these transients since it would not come on during these incidents. The transients are 1. Loss of Cooling 2. Loss of power (Differs from above by startup delay till the Diesel Generators come on.) 3. Cell rupture due to an earthquake or other cause. The analyses of the first three incidents are reported on in the next three sections. This report is issued realizing the control parameters used may not be optimum, and additional modeling must be done to model the inertia of refrigeration system, but the major conclusion concerning the need for the emergency argon system is still valid. The timing of some events may change with a more accurate model but the differences between the transients with and without emergency argon will remain the same. Some of the parameters assumed in the analyses are Makeup argon supply, 18 cfm, initiates when pressure is = -6 iwg., shuts off when pressure is = -3.1 iwg. 170,000 ft3 supply. Min 1/7th always available, can be cross connected to HFEF argon supply dewar. Emergency argon supply, 900 cfm, initiates when pressure is = -8 iwg. shuts off when pressure is =-4 iwg. reservoir 220 ft3, refilled when tank farm pressure reduces to 1050 psi which is about 110 ft3.

Charles Solbrig

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Weekly Security Incident Log Period of May 14 -May 20, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Weekly Security Incident Log Period of May 14 - May 20, 2012 Incident No. Reported Date Building-000955 PARKING GARAGE - ARBORETUM LANE (PS2) Mech\\Electrical Security responded to a report that an automotive York Security responded to a report of an unknown male causing a disturbance in the food court

40

208 | Intermodal transportatIon: movIng FreIght In a global economy 7.1 Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

208 | Intermodal transportatIon: movIng FreIght In a global economy #12;7 7.1 Introduction Air become an indispensible part of the world's global economy, holding an important niche in the transport al mutawaly | 209© 2010 EnoTransportation Foundation.www.enotrans.com Reprinted from IntermodalTransportation:MovingFreightinaGlobalEconomy

Keskinocak, Pinar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

he application of rapid prototyping (RP) in fabricat-ing nonassembly robotic systems with inserts is pre-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T he application of rapid prototyping (RP) in fabricat- ing nonassembly robotic systems for the rapid and automatic design and fabrication of robotic sys- tems a reality is to study the application with inserts is pre- sented in this article. The development of robotic systems that have all necessary

Mavroidis, Constantinos

42

Measurements of the soot emissions and engine operat-ing parameters from a diesel engine during transient op-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT Measurements of the soot emissions and engine operat- ing parameters from a diesel engine and are the subject of future research. INTRODUCTION Soot emissions from diesel engines are well known to have gov- erning the emission of particles from diesel engines are becoming ever more stringent. The soot

Daraio, Chiara

43

The solar eclipse is indeed a momentous, or at least visually entertain-ing and curious happening in astrology.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The solar eclipse is indeed a momentous, or at least visually entertain- ing and curious happening recordings of lunar and solar eclipses. 2 #12;The Dresden Codex was for the Mayans a way to predict eclipses likely that Martin Meinshausen proposed that this data was related to the timing of series of solar

Little, John B.

44

ribology is the science and technology of contact-ing solid surfaces in relative motion, including the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

» friction and lubrication under extreme conditions, such as high-temperature or nonequilibrium, includ- ing, including the study of lubricants, lubrication, friction, wear, and bearings. It is estimated that friction), and in the development of durable, low-friction surfaces and ultra-thin lubrication films. Friction between contacting

Guo, Yi

45

Seismic technology will be of key importance for evaluat-ing gas-hydrate resources, particularly across the Gulf of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismic technology will be of key importance for evaluat- ing gas-hydrate resources, particularly to be acquired. To apply seismic technology to gas-hydrate studies in the gulf in an optimal manner, it is essential to understand the seismic target that has to be analyzed. What is gas hydrate? Gas hydrate

Texas at Austin, University of

46

JC3 Incident Reporting | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

management to determine the severity or significance of any cyber security incident. For PII clarification for reporting, contact the Chief Privacy Officer. Reportable Cyber...

47

Nuclear Incident Team | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Incident Team | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear...

48

A preliminary evaluation of a speed threshold incident detection algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traffic management centers can reduce emergency vehicle response time to incidents with immediate detection of incidents. Traffic management centers detect incidents by applying speed, occupancy, and/or volume loop detector data to an incident...

Kolb, Stephanie Lang

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

EXCELLENTIA CoLumbIA ENgINEErINg26 en million Americans suffer from osteoporosis, a gradual weakening of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HEALTH EXCELLENTIA CoLumbIA ENgINEErINg26 T en million Americans suffer from osteoporosis Laboratory, is try- ing to figure out how to prevent and treat osteoporosis from both engineering analysis of osteoporosis. Guo and his team also plan to use their knowledge to better understand osteoporosis and bone loss

Hone, James

50

Incident Report An incident report should be submitted for any event involving  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incident Report An incident report should be submitted for any event involving: injury or illness fire explosion or implosion chemical exposure Minor cuts and scrapes need not be reported be reported. If a "near miss" might have had severe consequences, submit an incident report. You may also

Crawford, T. Daniel

51

Incident Prevention, Warning, and Response (IPWAR) Manual  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Manual defines a structured, cohesive, and consistent process for performing incident prevention, warning, and response for DOE's Federal information systems and is consistent with the requirements of Federal laws, Executive orders, national security directives, and other regulations. The Manual also provides requirements and implementation instructions for the Department's Incident Prevention, Warning and Response process, and supplements DOE O 205.1, Department of Energy Cyber Security Management Program, dated 3-21-03. DOE N 205.17 cancels this manual. This manual cancels DOE N 205.4, Handling Cyber Security Alerts and Advisories and Reporting Cyber Security Incidents, dated 3/18/2002.

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

52

Novel applications of data mining methodologies to incident databases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incident databases provide an excellent opportunity to study the repeated situations of incidents in the process industry. The databases give an insight into the situation which led to an incident, and if studied properly can help monitor...

Anand, Sumit

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

53

Injury / Incident Report INSTRUCTIONS ON REVERSE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF INJURY NONE EMPLOYER PHYSICIAN EMERGENCY FAMILY PHYSICIAN OTHER PHYSICIAN / SPECIALIST TO YOUR. _________________________________________ Room #___________________ STATE EXACTLY - THE SEQUENCE OF EVENTS LEADING UP TO THE INCIDENT, WHERE TO USE PERSONAL PROTECTIVE DEVICES 8 NOT GUARDED OR IMPROPERLY GUARDED 9 INADEQUATE ILLUMINATION 10

Hitchcock, Adam P.

54

Summary of canister overheating incident at the Carbon Tetrachloride Expedited Response Action site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The granular activated carbon (GAC)-filled canister that overheated was being used to adsorb carbon tetrachloride vapors drawn from a well near the 216-Z-9 Trench, a subsurface disposal site in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. The overheating incident resulted in a band of discolored paint on the exterior surface of the canister. Although there was no other known damage to equipment, no injuries to operating personnel, and no releases of hazardous materials, the incident is of concern because it was not anticipated. It also poses the possibility of release of carbon tetrachloride and other hazardous vapors if the incident were to recur. All soil vapor extraction system (VES) operations were halted until a better understanding of the cause of the incident could be determined and controls implemented to reduce the possibility of a recurrence. The focus of this report and the intent of all the activities associated with understanding the overheating incident has been to provide information that will allow safe restart of the VES operations, develop operational limits and controls to prevent recurrence of an overheating incident, and safely optimize recovery of carbon tetrachloride from the ground.

Driggers, S.A.

1994-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

55

On World Poverty: Its Causes and Effects Gott wrfelt nicht.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 On World Poverty: Its Causes and Effects Gott würfelt nicht. ­ Albert Einstein David A. Bessler a set of thirteen measures deemed relevant to the incidence of world poverty. Cross-section measures and agricultural income to be exogenous movers of poverty when measured as the percent of the population living

McCarl, Bruce A.

56

FM032_r1_0_Incident Report.doc 03/04/09 CNS Incident Report Form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FM032_r1_0_Incident Report.doc 03/04/09 CNS Incident Report Form Incident Information Date and Time Instructions on reverse #12;FM032_r1_0_Incident Report.doc 03/04/09 FM032 Instructions 1. This form. This form is not a substitute for other reporting obligations including University Injury reports. #12;

57

Electrically floating, near vertical incidence, skywave antenna  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An Electrically Floating, Near Vertical Incidence, Skywave (NVIS) Antenna comprising an antenna element, a floating ground element, and a grounding element. At least part of said floating ground element is positioned between said antenna element and said grounding element. The antenna is separated from the floating ground element and the grounding element by one or more electrical insulators. The floating ground element is separated from said antenna and said grounding element by one or more electrical insulators.

Anderson, Allen A.; Kaser, Timothy G.; Tremblay, Paul A.; Mays, Belva L.

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

58

A common language for computer security incidents  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Much of the computer security information regularly gathered and disseminated by individuals and organizations cannot currently be combined or compared because a common language has yet to emerge in the field of computer security. A common language consists of terms and taxonomies (principles of classification) which enable the gathering, exchange and comparison of information. This paper presents the results of a project to develop such a common language for computer security incidents. This project results from cooperation between the Security and Networking Research Group at the Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA, and the CERT{reg_sign} Coordination Center at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA. This Common Language Project was not an effort to develop a comprehensive dictionary of terms used in the field of computer security. Instead, the authors developed a minimum set of high-level terms, along with a structure indicating their relationship (a taxonomy), which can be used to classify and understand computer security incident information. They hope these high-level terms and their structure will gain wide acceptance, be useful, and most importantly, enable the exchange and comparison of computer security incident information. They anticipate, however, that individuals and organizations will continue to use their own terms, which may be more specific both in meaning and use. They designed the common language to enable these lower-level terms to be classified within the common language structure.

John D. Howard; Thomas A Longstaff

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Material development in the SI sub 3 N sub 4 system using glass encapsulated Hip'ing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report covers a two-year program to develop fully dense Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} matrix SiC whisker composites with enhanced properties over monolithic Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} materials. The primary goal was to develop a composite with a fracture toughness > 10 MPa{radical}m, capable of using high pressure glass encapsulated HIP'ing. Coating methods were developed to apply thin (<150nm) stoichiometric BN layers to SiC whiskers and also to apply a dual coating of SiC over carbon to the whiskers. Fracture toughness of the composites was determined to increase as the quantity of whiskers (or elongated grains) with their axis perpendicular to the crack plane increased. Of the interface compositions evaluated in this effort, carbon was determined to be the most effective for increasing toughness. The highest toughnesses (6.8--7.0 MPa{radical}m) were obtained with uniaxially aligned carbon coated whiskers. There was no evidence of the carbon coating compromising the oxidation resistance of the composites at 1370{degree}C.

Corbin, N.D.; Sundberg, G.J.; Siebein, K.N.; Willkens, C.A.; Pujari, V.K.; Rossi, G.A.; Hansen, J.S.; Chang, C.L.; Hammarstrom, J.L.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Dr. Ing. /PhD / Dr.techn. Students supervised by Signe Kjelstrup 1. Torleif Holt, Transport and equilibrium properties of a cation exchange membrane (1983)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, (1996) 6. Magnar Ottøy, Mass and heat transfer in ion-exchange membranes (1996) 7. Belinda Flem, Peltier in the Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell (2007) 17. Isabella Inzoli, Coupled transports of heat and massDr. Ing. /PhD / Dr.techn. Students supervised by Signe Kjelstrup 1. Torleif Holt, Transport

Kjelstrup, Signe

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

EXCELLENTIA CoLumbIA ENgINEErINg22 eople suffering from brain diseases and conditions ranging from traumatic brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HEALTH EXCELLENTIA CoLumbIA ENgINEErINg22 P eople suffering from brain diseases and conditions ranging from traumatic brain injury to brain cancer to progressive brain disorders could be helped if therapeu- tic drugs could be easily delivered to the affected areas. The blood-brain barrier (BBB

Hone, James

62

An Incident Management Preparedness and Coordination Toolkit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) by centrally-located operations staff is well established in the area of emergency response, utilization by first responders in the field is uneven. Cost, complexity, and connectivity are often the deciding factors preventing wider adoption. For the past several years, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been developing a mobile GIS solution using free and open-source software targeting the needs of front-line personnel. Termed IMPACT, for Incident Management Preparedness and Coordination Toolkit, this ORNL application can complement existing GIS infrastructure and extend its power and capabilities to responders first on the scene of a natural or man-made disaster.

Koch, Daniel B [ORNL; Payne, Patricia W [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

ORISE: Incident Command System (ICS) Training  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory |CHEMPACK MappingHistory The Oak Ridge InstituteOakIncident

64

METEOROLOGICAL INFLUENCES ON VAPOR INCIDENTS IN THE 200 EAST & 200 WEST TANK FARMS FROM CY1995 TO CY2004  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Revised for a more comprehensive overview of vapor incidents reported at the Hanford Tank Farms. Investigation into the meteorological influences on vapor incidents in the tank farm to determine what, if any, meteorological influences contribute to the reporting of odors, smells, vapors, and other gases. Weather phenomena, specifically barometric pressure, and wind velocity and direction can potentially cause or exacerbate a vapor release within the farm systems. The purpose of this document is to gather and evaluate the meteorological and weather information for the Tank Farms Shift Log Vapor Incident entries and determine what, if any, meteorological influences contribute to the reporting of odors, smells, vapors, and other gases such as propane. A part of the evaluation will be determining which of the incidents are related to actual ''intrusive'' work, and which are ''transient.'' Transient vapor incidents are herein defined as those vapors encountered during walkdowns, surveys, or other activities that did not require working directly with the tanks, pits, transfer lines, etc. Another part of the investigation will involve determining if there are barometric pressures or other weather related phenomena that might cause or contribute vapors being released when there are no ''intrusive'' activities. A final purpose is to evaluate whether there is any correlation between the 242-A Evaporator operations and Vapor Incidents entered on the Shift Log.

HOCKING, M.J.

2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

65

Characterizing the Performance of an Eppley Normal Incident Pyrheliometer An Eppley Normal Incident Pyrheliometer (NIP) is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With interest growing in the deployment of solar energy system, the accuracy of irradiance measurements becomes for concentrating solar energy systems. The Eppley Normal Incident Pyrheliometer (NIP) is used extensively for DNI and periods with clouds were excluded. The NIP is mounted on an automatic tracker that keeps the instrument

Oregon, University of

66

Figure and finish of grazing incidence mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Great improvement has been made in the past several years in the quality of optical components used in synchrotron radiation (SR) beamlines. Most of this progress has been the result of vastly improved metrology techniques and instrumentation permitting rapid and accurate measurement of the surface finish and figure on grazing incidence optics. A significant theoretical effort has linked the actual performance of components used as x-ray wavelengths to their topological properties as measured by surface profiling instruments. Next-generation advanced light sources will require optical components and systems to have sub-arc second surface figure tolerances. This paper will explore the consequences of these requirements in terms of manufacturing tolerances to see if the present manufacturing state-of-the-art is capable of producing the required surfaces. 15 refs., 14 figs., 2 tabs.

Takacs, P.Z. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA)); Church, E.L. (Picatinny Arsenal, Dover, NJ (USA). Army Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center)

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Recovery from chemical, biological, and radiological incidents :  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To restore regional lifeline services and economic activity as quickly as possible after a chemical, biological or radiological incident, emergency planners and managers will need to prioritize critical infrastructure across many sectors for restoration. In parallel, state and local governments will need to identify and implement measures to promote reoccupation and economy recovery in the region. This document provides guidance on predisaster planning for two of the National Disaster Recovery Framework Recovery Support Functions: Infrastructure Systems and Economic Recovery. It identifies key considerations for infrastructure restoration, outlines a process for prioritizing critical infrastructure for restoration, and identifies critical considerations for promoting regional economic recovery following a widearea disaster. Its goal is to equip members of the emergency preparedness community to systematically prioritize critical infrastructure for restoration, and to develop effective economic recovery plans in preparation for a widearea CBR disaster.

Franco, David Oliver; Yang, Lynn I.; Hammer, Ann E.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

eNgINeerINg g r A d U A T e P r O g r A M S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IIT ArMOUr COllege Of eNgINeerINg g r A d U A T e P r O g r A M S Educating a nEw gEnEration of EnginEErs #12;A TrAdiTion of ExcEllEncE Armour College of Engineering was founded in 1893 as Armour Institute, dedicated to preparing students from all backgrounds for careers as engineers in a rapidly

Heller, Barbara

69

Security incidents on the Internet, 1989--1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an analysis of trends in Internet security based on an investigation of 4,299 Internet security-related incidents reported to the CERT{reg_sign} Coordination Center (CERT{reg_sign}/CC) from 1989 through 1995. Prior to this research, knowledge of actual Internet security incidents was limited and primarily anecdotal. This research: (1) developed a taxonomy to classify Internet attacks and incidents, (2) organized, classified, and analyzed CERT{reg_sign}/CC incident records, (3) summarized the relative frequency of the use of tools and vulnerabilities, success in achieving access, and results of attacks, (4) estimated total Internet incident activity, (5) developed recommendations for Internet users and suppliers, and (6) developed recommendations for future research. With the exception of denial-of-service attacks, security incidents were found to be increasing at a rate less than Internet growth. Estimates showed that most, if not all, severe incidents were reported to the CERT{reg_sign}/CC, and that more than one out of three above average incidents (in terms of duration and number of sites) were reported. Estimates also indicated that a typical Internet site was involved in, at most, around one incident (of any kind) per year, and a typical Internet host in, at most, around one incident in 45 years. The probability of unauthorized privileged access was around an order of magnitude less likely. As a result, simple and reasonable security precautions should be sufficient for most Internet users.

Howard, J.D.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

70

Synchrotron radiation damage observations in normal incidence copper mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water-cooled copper mirrors used at near-normal incidence on two beam lines at the NSLS are observed to undergo severe degradation upon exposure to the direct SR beam. These mirrors are used on beam lines designed to utilize radiation in the wavelength regions longer than 100 nm and are coated with a uv reflection-enhancing coating, consisting of one or more bilayers of aluminum with a MgF/sub 2/ overcoat. Beamline performance degrades very rapidly following installation of a new set of mirrors. Analysis of the mirror surfaces by various non-destructive techniques indicates severe degradation of the coating and surface along the central strip where most of the x-ray power is absorbed from the beam. In one case where the mirror had three bilayer coatings, the outer coating layer has disappeared along the central strip. Rutherford backscatter measurements indicate compositional changes between layers and confirm the existence of a carbon deposit on the surface. Thermal modeling suggests that most of the damage is caused by direct photon interaction, since the temperature rise in the energy deposition region is small.

Takacs, P.Z.; Melendez, J.; Colbert, J.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Ambient air pollution exposure and the incidence of related health effects among racial/ethnic minorities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Differences among racial and ethnic groups in morbidity and mortality rates for diseases, including diseases with environmental causes, have been extensively documented. However, documenting the linkages between environmental contaminants, individual exposures, and disease incidence has been hindered by difficulties in measuring exposure for the population in general and for minority populations in particular. After briefly discussing research findings on associations of common air pollutants with disease incidence, the authors summarize recent studies of radial/ethnic subgroup differences in incidence of these diseases in the US. They then present evidence of both historic and current patterns of disproportionate minority group exposure to air pollution as measured by residence in areas where ambient air quality standards are violated. The current indications of disproportionate potential exposures of minority and low-income populations to air pollutants represent the continuation of a historical trend. The evidence of linkage between disproportionate exposure to air pollution of racial/ethnic minorities and low-income groups and their higher rates of some air pollution-related diseases is largely circumstantial. Differences in disease incidence and mortality rates among racial/ethnic groups are discussed for respiratory diseases, cancers, and lead poisoning. Pollutants of concern include CO, Pb, SO{sub 2}, O{sub 3}, and particulates.

Nieves, L.A.; Wernette, D.R.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Updated fracture incidence rates for the US version of FRAX®  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

presenting with non-vertebral fractures. Osteoporos Int 18:2006) Epidemiology of vertebral fractures: implications forORIGINAL ARTICLE Updated fracture incidence rates for the US

Ettinger, B.; Black, D. M.; Dawson-Hughes, B.; Pressman, A. R.; Melton, L. J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Linking Climate to Incidence of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (L. major) in Pre-Saharan North Africa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Shifts in surface climate may have changed the dynamic of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) in the pre-Saharan zones of North Africa. Caused by Leishmania major, this form multiplies in the body of rodents serving as reservoirs of the disease. The parasite is then transmitted to human hosts by the bite of a Phlebotomine sand fly (Diptera: Psychodidae) that was previously fed by biting an infected reservoir. We examine the seasonal and interannual dynamics of the incidence of this ZCL as a function of surface climate indicators in two regions covering a large area of the semi-arid Pre-Saharan North Africa. Results suggest that in this area, changes in climate may have initiated a trophic cascade that resulted in an increase in ZCL incidence.

Bounoua, Lahouari; Kahime, Kholoud; Houti, Leila; Blakey, Tara; Ebi, Kristie L.; Zhang, Ping; Imhoff, Marc L.; Thome, Kurtis; Dudek, Claire; Sahabi, Salah A.; Messouli, Mohammed; Makhlouf, Baghdad; EI Laamrani, Abderahmane; Boumezzough, Ali

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

74

Incident involving UCSD student(s) takes place. UCSD STUDENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incident involving UCSD student(s) takes place. UCSD STUDENT CONDUCT PROCESS for individual students (updated 9/20/11) The Office of Student Conduct receives an incident report (i.e. RA, RSO, UCSD Police, student/faculty/staff complaint, etc). If sufficient evidence is present to support a violation

Russell, Lynn

75

TIPS ON ACCIDENT/INCIDENT REPORTING Accident Reporting Why?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TIPS ON ACCIDENT/INCIDENT REPORTING Accident Reporting ­ Why? Obligation to report Health Care of the accident ­ if not, the organization (i.e. the department) can be fined Obligation under Section 51, 52 happened? When did it happen? (Date, Time and Place) When was the accident/incident reported? Any

Lennard, William N.

76

CAUSE & EFFECT What Is It?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of employee absenteeism? Urban Geography: How is urban sprawl a factor in global warming? Art History: WhatCAUSE & EFFECT What Is It? Cause and effect analysis answers the questions: "Why did this happen or an event occurred, you are looking at causes. When you are trying to predict or understand the consequences

Boonstra, Rudy

77

Dorin, A. & Korb, K.B., "Building Virtual Ecosystems from Artificial Chemistry", in Proceed-ings of the 9th European Conference on Artificial Life, Almeida e Costa (ed.), Springer-Verlag,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the 9th European Conference on Artificial Life, Almeida e Costa (ed.), Springer-Verlag, 2007 pp103Dorin, A. & Korb, K.B., "Building Virtual Ecosystems from Artificial Chemistry", in Proceed- ings

Dorin, Alan

78

Electrodynamics of a planar photodiode discharge for an obliquely incident initiating laser pulse  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An approximate analytic solution of Maxwell's equations is obtained inside a photodiode. Analysis of this solution shows that the earlier discovered significant decrease in the radiation field characteristics over an anode is caused by a considerable increase in the amplitude of a wave generated inside the photodiode, which for angles of incidence {theta} {yields} {pi}/2 achieves a value comparable to the initial electric field strength applied to the photodiode. In this case, the electromagnetic energy flux density inside the photodiode exceeds tens times or more the electromagnetic energy flux density over the anode. The results of numerical calculations confirm the analytic results.

Lazarev, Y. N., E-mail: yulaz@snezhinsk.ru; Syrtsova, Yu. G. [All-Russia Research Institute of Technical Physics, Russian Federal Nuclear Center (Russian Federation)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

79

Bloggers as Citizen Journalists: The 2012 Pink Slime Incident  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and added to ground beef to make lean affordable beef blends. News reports questioning the safety and quality of LFTB began in March 2012. A qualitative content analysis was performed on 44 blogs that mentioned the pink slime incident between...

Pannone, Anthony

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

80

NUCLEAR INCIDENT CAPABILITIES, KNOWLEDGE & ENABLER LEVERAGING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The detonation of a 10 Kiloton Improvised Nuclear Device (IND) is a serious scenario that the United States must be prepared to address. The likelihood of a single nuclear bomb exploding in a single city is greater today than at the height of the Cold War. Layered defenses against domestic nuclear terrorism indicate that our government continues to view the threat as credible. The risk of such an event is further evidenced by terrorists desire to acquire nuclear weapons. The act of nuclear terrorism, particularly an act directed against a large population center in the United States, will overwhelm the capabilities of many local and state governments to respond, and will seriously challenge existing federal response capabilities. A 10 Kiloton IND detonation would cause total infrastructure damage in a 3-mile radius and levels of radiation spanning out 3,000 square miles. In a densely populated urban area, the anticipated casualties would be in excess of several hundred thousand. Although there would be enormous loss of life, housing and infrastructure, an IND detonation is a recoverable event. We can reduce the risk of these high-consequence, nontraditional threats by enhancing our nuclear detection architecture and establishing well planned and rehearsed plans for coordinated response. It is also important for us to identify new and improved ways to foster collaboration regarding the response to the IND threat to ensure the demand and density of expertise required for such an event is postured and prepared to mobilize, integrate, and support a myriad of anticipated challenges. We must be prepared to manage the consequences of such an event in a deliberate manner and get beyond notions of total devastation by adopting planning assumptions around survivability and resiliency. Planning for such a scenario needs to be decisive in determining a response based on competencies and desired outcomes. It is time to synthesize known threats and plausible consequences into action. Much work needs to be accomplished to enhance nuclear preparedness and to substantially bolster and clarify the capacity to deploy competent resources. Until detailed plans are scripted, and personnel and other resources are postured, and exercised, IND specific planning remains an urgent need requiring attention and action. Although strategic guidance, policies, concepts of operations, roles, responsibilities, and plans governing the response and consequence management for the IND scenario exist, an ongoing integration challenge prevails regarding how best to get capable and competent surge capacity personnel (disaster reservists) and other resources engaged and readied in an up-front manner with pre-scripted assignments to augment the magnitude of anticipated demands of expertise. With the above in mind, Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) puts science to work to create and deploy practical, high-value, cost-effective nuclear solutions. As the Department of Energy's (DOE) applied research and development laboratory, SRNL supports Savannah River Site (SRS) operations, DOE, national initiatives, and other federal agencies, across the country and around the world. SRNL's parent at SRS also employs more than 8,000 personnel. The team is a great asset that seeks to continue their service in the interest of national security and stands ready to accomplish new missions. Overall, an integral part of the vision for SRNL's National and Homeland Security Directorate is the establishment of a National Security Center at SRNL, and development of state of the science capabilities (technologies and trained technical personnel) for responding to emergency events on local, regional, or national scales. This entails leveraging and posturing the skills, knowledge and experience base of SRS personnel to deliver an integrated capability to support local, state, and federal authorities through the development of pre-scripted requests for assistance, agreements, and plans. It also includes developing plans, training, exercises, recruitment strategies, and processes to e

Kinney, J.; Newman, J.; Goodwyn, A.; Dewes, J.

2011-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

E-Print Network 3.0 - action real-time grazing-incidence Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

operation... ) 12;Grazing Incidence Pumping (GRIP) Target optimum gain region On-axis x-ray laser Preformed plasma1... ps Grazing Incidence Pumping ... Source: Wang, Wei Hua -...

82

ing delivery of shipment. For  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Food arid . Fluid Intake Edited by Edward M. Stricker Univmity oj Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania living. The same fact, that most free-living omnivores live in r~.as in which no single food provides,-contributed to relatively independent literatures, and employed r- ferent theoretical perspectives. " In a landmark series

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

83

Do Cell Phones Cause Cancer?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Do cell phones, household electrical power wiring or appliance, or high voltage power lines cause cancer? Fuggedaboudit! No way! When pigs fly! When I'm the Pope! Don't text while you're driving, however, or eat your cell phone. All organisms absorb microwave radiation directly as thermal energy. In living organisms, the organisms' thermal control systems, including the blood flow, and various cooling mechanisms, such as sweating in humans, that work to maintain a stable body temperature rapidly transfer the absorbed energy to the environment. Any temperature rise is small or even unobserved. Any proposed mechanism by which cell phone radiation might cause cancer must begin with this fact. But the amount of radiation absorbed from a cell phone is less than that produced by normal metabolic processes, and much less than that produced by, for example, exercise. None of these normal metabolic processes cause cancer. Therefore, the much smaller amounts of energy from cell phones doesn't cause cancer either. All f...

Leikind, Bernard

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Mapping incident photosynthetically active radiation from MODIS data over China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of incident photosynthetically active radiation from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer data. Journal, nitrogen and energy in different natural systems. Since photosynthesis is the core process for energy as an input for modeling photosynthesis from single plant leaves to complex plant communities. For example

Liang, Shunlin

85

A categorical model for traffic incident likelihood estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis an incident prediction model is formulated and calibrated. The primary idea of the model developed is to correlate the expected number of crashes on any section of a freeway to a set of traffic stream characteristics, so that a...

Kuchangi, Shamanth

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

86

Violation of Laws, Losses, and Incidents of Security Concerns  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To set forth Department of Energy (DOE) procedures to assure timely and effective action relating to violations of criminal, laws, loses, and incidents of security concern to DOE. Cancels DOE O 5631.5. Canceled by DOE O 470.1 of 9-28-1995.

1992-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

87

EM-Led Radiological Incident Response Program Receives Honors  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A program led by EM’s Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) that coordinates analytical capabilities throughout DOE for response to potential national radiological incidents recently received recognition for the best-in-track poster at a waste management conference earlier this year.

88

Skin cancer detection by oblique-incidence diffuse reflectance spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer and it is on the rise. If skin cancer is diagnosed early enough, the survival rate is close to 90%. Oblique-incidence diffuse reflectance (OIR) spectroscopy offers a technology that may be used...

Smith, Elizabeth Brooks

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

CHORIZOS: a CHi-square cOde for parameteRized modelIng and characteriZation of phOtometry and Spectrophotometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have developed a CHi-square cOde for parameteRized modelIng and characteriZation of phOtometry and Spectrophotometry (CHORIZOS). CHORIZOS can use up to two intrinsic free parameters (e.g. temperature and gravity for stars; type and redshift for galaxies; or age and metallicity for stellar clusters) and two extrinsic ones (amount and type of extinction). The code uses chi-square minimization to find all models compatible with the observed data in the model N-dimensional (N=1,2,3,4) parameter space. CHORIZOS can use either correlated or uncorrelated colors as input and is especially designed to identify possible parameter degeneracies and multiple solutions. The code is written in IDL and is available to the astronomical community. Here we present the techniques used, test the code, apply it to a few well-known astronomical problems, and suggest possible applications. As a first scientific result from CHORIZOS, we confirm from photometry the need for a revised temperature-spectral type scale for OB stars previously derived from spectroscopy.

J. Maíz-Apellániz

2004-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

90

ROOT CAUSE ANALYSIS PROGRAM MANUAL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Root Cause Analysis (RCA) identifies the cause of an adverse condition that, if corrected, will preclude recurrence or greatly reduce the probability of recurrence of the same or similar adverse conditions and thereby protect the health and safety of the public, the workers, and the environment. This procedure sets forth the requirements for management determination and the selection of RCA methods and implementation of RCAs that are a result of significant findings from Price-Anderson Amendments Act (PAAA) violations, occurrences/events, Significant Adverse Conditions, and external oversight Corrective Action Requests (CARs) generated by the Office of Enforcement (PAAA headquarters), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and other oversight entities against Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Performance of an RCA may result in the identification of issues that should be reported in accordance with the Issues Management Program Manual.

Gravois, Melanie C.

2007-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

91

This list includes a sampling of volunteer opportunities and organizations working in language tutor-ing. These opportunities may be suitable for students majoring or interested in cultural-related areas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This list includes a sampling of volunteer opportunities and organizations working in language tutor- ing. These opportunities may be suitable for students majoring or interested in cultural://www.guts.wisc.edu/programs/fll_tutor_info.html Want to meet new people interested in your language, develop cross-cultural communication skills, have

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

92

Incident Energy Dependence of pt Correlations at RHIC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present results for two-particle transverse momentum correlations, ({Delta}p{sub t,i}{Delta}p{sub t,j}), as a function of event centrality for Au+Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 20, 62, 130, and 200 GeV at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. We observe correlations decreasing with centrality that are similar at all four incident energies. The correlations multiplied by the multiplicity density increase with incident energy and the centrality dependence may show evidence of processes such as thermalization, jet production, or the saturation of transverse flow. The square root of the correlations divided by the event-wise average transverse momentum per event shows little or no beam energy dependence and generally agrees with previous measurements at the Super Proton Synchrotron.

Adams, J.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Ahammed, Z.; Amonett, J.; Anderson,B.D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G.S.; Badyal, S.K.; Bai, Y.; Balewski,J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L.S.; Baudot, J.; Bekele, S.; Belaga, V.V.; Bellwied, R.; Berger, J.; Bezverkhny, B.I.; Bharadwaj, S.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A.K.; Bhatia, V.S.; Bichsel, H.; Billmeier, A.; Bland, L.C.; Blyth, C.O.; Bonner, B.E.; Botje, M.; Boucham, A.; Brandin, A.V.; Bravar,A.; Bystersky, M.; Cadman, R.V.; Cai, X.Z.; Caines, H.; Calderon de laBarca Sanchez, M.; Castillo, J.; Cebra, D.; Chajecki, Z.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H.F.; Chen, Y.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Christie, W.; Coffin, J.P.; Cormier, T.M.; Cramer, J.G.; Crawford, H.J.; Das, D.; Das, S.; de Moura, M.M.; Derevschikov, A.A.; Didenko, L.; Dietel, T.; Dogra, S.M.; Dong, W.J.; Dong, X.; Draper, J.E.; Du, F.; Dubey, A.K.; Dunin, V.B.; Dunlop, J.C.; Dutta Mazumdar, M.R.; Eckardt, V.; Edwards, W.R.; Efimov, L.G.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Fachini, P.; Faivre, J.; Fatemi,R.; Fedorisin, J.; Filimonov, K.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fine, V.; Fisyak,Y.; Fomenko, K.; Fu, J.; Gagliardi, C.A.; Gaillard, L.; Gans, J.; Ganti,M.S.; Gaudichet, L.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gonzalez,J.E.; Grachov, O.; Grebenyuk, O.; Grosnick, D.; Guertin, S.M.; Guo, Y.; Gupta, A.; Gutierrez, T.D.; Hallman, T.J.; Hamed, A.; Hardtke, D.; Harris, J.W.; Heinz, M.; Henry, T.W.; Hepplemann, S.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffmann, G.W.; Huang, H.Z.; Huang, S.L.; Hughes,E.W.; Humanic, T.J.; Igo, G.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W.W.; Janik, M.; Jiang, H.; Jones, P.G.; Judd, E.G.; Kabana, S.; Kang, K.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Khodyrev, V.Yu.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Kislov,E.M.; Klay, J.; Klein, S.R.; Koetke, D.D.; Kollegger, T.; Kopytine, M.; Kotchenda, L.; Kramer, M.; Kravtsov, P.; Kravtsov, V.I.; Krueger, K.; Kuhn, C.; Kulikov, A.I.; Kumar, A.; Kutuev, R.Kh.; et al.

2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

93

Predicting scorpion sting incidence in an endemic region using climatological variables*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predicting scorpion sting incidence in an endemic region using climatological variables* G. CHOWELL in Mexico. We analysed the significance of climatological variables to predict the incidence of scorpion seasonal pattern that correlates to climatological variables. An increase in scorpion activity

Chowell, Gerardo

94

Active and Knowledge-based Process Safety Incident Retrieval System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

topics saved for quick access. The database search system developed in this research is similar to that of CCPS-PSID in the way that it offers folder search and word search. However, the PSID has a single level of folders (keyword list... maximum of four levels. Moreover, word search within a folder has also been included for the search system, which further improves searching capabilities. 5 Some of the existing incident databases that are open to public or accessible by Mary Kay O...

Khan, Sara Shammni

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

95

Studies on transmission and incidence of Trypanosoma theileri, Laveran 1902  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vector. c) Ingestion of the insect vector. Sane evidence of intrauterirm transmission has been provided by several researchers. Dirc)anan, Manthei and Frank (1957) found T. theileri in the stanach of an ~ bovine fetus. Iundholm, Stors and Mc... were infected with T. theileri; the 2 calves were free fran infectian. Kohl-Yakimoff, Yakimoff and 13e)censky (1913) in Saint Peters- bourg, Russia, examined 14 cattle for T. theileri and faund a 35. 6rr incidence of infecticnr in another survey...

Betancourt Echeverry, Antonio

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

ORISE: REAC/TS Medical Management of Radiation Incidents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory |CHEMPACK MappingHistoryMedical Management of Radiation Incidents

97

ORISE: REAC/TS Radiological Incident Medical Consultation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory |CHEMPACK MappingHistoryMedical Management ofIncident

98

Incident spectrum determination for time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction data analysis.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurate characterization of the incident neutron spectrum is an important requirement for precise Rietveld analysis of time-of-flight powder neutron diffraction data. Without an accurate incident spectrum the calculated model for the measured relative intensities of individual Bragg reflections will possess systematic errors. We describe a method for obtaining an accurate numerical incident spectrum using data from a transmitted beam monitor.

Hodges, J. P.

1998-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

99

Important notIce aBoUt yoUr rIghts Under the followIng colUmBIa UnIversIty retIrement plans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Important notIce aBoUt yoUr rIghts Under the followIng colUmBIa UnIversIty retIrement plans: ·ColumbiaUniversityRetirementPlanforOfficers ·ColumbiaUniversityRetirementPlanforSupportStaff ·ColumbiaUniversityRetirementPlanforSupportStaffAssociation ·ColumbiaUniversityVoluntaryRetirementSavingsPlan(VRSP) Human Resources Retirement Benefits

Grishok, Alla

100

Battelle determines cause of Ashland tank failure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An existing flaw, combined with embrittled steel and residual stresses, led to the catastrophic failure of the fuel oil tank at Ashland Petroleum Co., Floreffe, Pa., last January. Here is a look at the tank's background, events surrounding its rupture, and Battelle's methods for investigating the incident.

Mesloh, R.E.; Marschall, C.W.; Buchheit, R.D.; Kiefner, J.F. (Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, OH (US))

1988-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

SMITH NORMAL FORMS OF INCIDENCE MATRICES Abstract. A brief introduction is given to the topic of Smith normal forms of incidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SMITH NORMAL FORMS OF INCIDENCE MATRICES PETER SIN Abstract. A brief introduction is given to the topic of Smith normal forms of incidence matrices. A general discussion of techniques is illustrated, the fundamental invariant is the Smith normal form of A, whose definition we now recall. A square integer matrix

Sin, Peter

102

HOW TO REPORT AN ACCIDENT, INCIDENT OR NEAR MISS 1. Notify your supervisor or lab manager as soon as possible of your accident, incident, or  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HOW TO REPORT AN ACCIDENT, INCIDENT OR NEAR MISS 1. Notify your supervisor or lab manager as soon as possible of your accident, incident, or near miss. 2. Fill out the online accident report (OARS) form://www.ehs.washington.edu/ohsoars/index.shtm. The supervisor, lab manager, or person who had the accident can fill out the form. 3. For any serious accidents

Borenstein, Elhanan

103

HERS experiment cause for confidence.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At last April's Affordable Comfort conference, I conducted a small HERS (home energy ratings) experiment to examine the relative variability of ratings in new and older homes. The experiment grew out of discussions with Oak Ridge National Laboratory Senior Researcher Mark Ternes and EPA Energy Specialist Mia South about how good the HERS tools currently employed in the new homes market are at identifying cost-effective conservation measures in existing homes. Older homes present challenges for raters that may not generally exist in new construction. These include the absence of blueprints, the inability to interview the builder, the difficulty of identifying the operating efficiency of installed equipment, and different envelope characteristics within the home caused by partial remodels over the years. For precisely these reasons, the need for accurate ratings of older homes is acute. The efficacy of ratings in existing homes hinges on two questions: How accurate are the ratings in existing homes? and, How much does accuracy matter to the selection of conservation measures? A small experiment was organized to test the variability of ratings. Two homes were chosen to represent the very broad spectra that raters can find in the new-construction and existing-home housing stock. The new home in Park Ridge, Illinois, is typical in size and layout of the homes being built in the suburbs around Chicago. This four-bedroom, two-story house with finished basement measures slightly more than 4,000 ft{sup 2}, including the basement. The older home is located in Elgin, Illinois, and was built before 1940, probably sometime in the '20s or '30s. This two-bedroom house has a basement in which the furnace, water heater, clothes washer, and dryer are located. The raters disagreed as to whether the basement should be considered part of the conditioned space. Excluding the basement area, the house measurement approximately 1,000 ft{sup 2}. The rating process included a site visit to measure the homes features, inspection of the blueprints for the new home (none existed for the Elgin home), and a blower door test. After the raters completed their analysis, I examined the effect that the variability of ratings for the Elgin home had on choices for energy conservation measures. Although the sample was small, the results of this experiment are valuable. They may be summarized as follows: First, the ratings that different analysts estimated varied more widely for the older home than they did for the new home. Second, for the older home, the identification of cost-effective energy conservation measures was insensitive to the variation in ratings. Clearly, these findings need to be verified in further experiments. But it is noteworthy that the separate ratings of the new home were in such good agreement, and that cost-effective efficiency recommendations can be arrived at even when divergences exist in the absolute rating value. These findings also suggest that it is appropriate to have confidence in ratings as a tool for identifying cost-effective energy measures in older housing stock.

Cavallo, J. D.; Energy Systems

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Federal Response Assets for a Radioactive Dispersal Device Incident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

If a large scale RDD event where to occur in New York City, the magnitude of the problem would likely exceed the capabilities of City and State to effectively respond to the event. New York State could request Federal Assistance if the United States President has not already made the decision to provide it. The United States Federal Government has a well developed protocol to respond to emergencies. The National Response Framework (NRF) describes the process for responding to all types of emergencies including RDD incidents. Depending on the location and type of event, the NRF involves appropriate Federal Agencies, e.g., Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Department of Energy (DOE), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States Coast Guard (USCG), Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Justice (DOJ), Department of Agriculture (USDA), and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The Federal response to emergencies has been refined and improved over the last thirty years and has been tested on natural disasters (e.g. hurricanes and floods), man-made disasters (oil spills), and terrorist events (9/11). However, the system has never been tested under an actual RDD event. Drills have been conducted with Federal, State, and local agencies to examine the initial (early) phases of such an event (TopOff 2 and TopOff 4). The Planning Guidance for Protection and Recovery Following Radiological Dispersal Device (RDD) and Improvised Nuclear Device (IND) incidents issued by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in August 2008 has never been fully tested in an interagency exercise. Recently, another exercise called Empire 09 that was situated in Albany, New York was conducted. Empire 09 consists of 3 different exercises be held in May and June, 2009. The first exercise, May 2009, involved a table top exercise for phase 1 (0-48 hours) of the response to an RDD incident. In early June, a full-scale 3- day exercise was conducted for the mid-phase response (48 hours +). A few weeks later, a one day full-scale exercise was conducted for the late phase (recovery) response to an RDD event. The lessons learned from this study are not available as of June 30, 2009. The objective of this report is to review and summarize anticipated Federal and State response actions and the roles and responsibilities of various agencies (DHS, EPA, DOE, NY-DEP, NY-DEC) with respect to decontamination issues that would arise from a radiological dispersion device (RDD), e.g., dirty bomb attack. These issues arise in the late phase of the response (48 hours and beyond) after the area has been stabilized and forensic information has been obtained. Much of the information provided in this report is taken directly from published guidance that is readily available.

Sullivan,T.

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

105

Development of metrology instruments for grazing incidence mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effective utilization of synchrotron radiation (SR) from high-brightness sources requires the use of optical components with very smooth surfaces and extremely precise shapes. Most manufacturers are not capable of measuring the figure and finish quality of the aspheric optics required for use in grazing incidence beam lines. Over the past several years we have developed measurement techniques and metrology instrumentation that have allowed us to measure the surface profile and roughness of large cylinder optics, up to one meter in length. Based on our measurements and feedback, manufacturers have been able to advance the state-of-the-art in mirror fabrication and are now able to produce acceptable components. Our analysis techniques enable designers to write meaningful specifications and predict the performance of real surfaces in their particular beamline configurations. Commercial instruments are now available for measuring surface microroughness with spatial periods smaller than about one millimeter. No commercial instruments are available for measuring the surface figure on cylindrical aspheres over long spatial periods, from one millimeter up to one meter. For that reason we developed a Long Trace Profiler (LTP) that measures surface profile over the long period range in a non-contact manner to extremely high accuracy. Examples of measured surfaces and data analysis techniques will be discussed, and limitations on the quality of optical surfaces related to intrinsic material properties will also be discussed. 15 refs., 14 figs., 2 tabs.

Takacs, P.Z. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA)); Church, E.L. (Army Research and Development Command, Dover, NJ (USA)); Qian, Shi-nan (China Univ. of Science and Technology, Hefei, AH (China). Hefei National Synchrotron Radiation Lab.); Liu, Wuming (Academia Sinica, Beijing, BJ (China). Inst. of High Energy Physics)

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Changes in vigorous physical activity and incident diabetes inmale runners  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examined the dose-response relationship between changes in reported vigorous exercise (running distance, {Delta}km/wk) and self-reported physician diagnosed diabetes in 25,988 men followed prospectively for (mean {+-} SD) 7.8 {+-} 1.8 years. Logistic regression analyses showed that the log odds for diabetes declined significantly in relation to men's {Delta}km/wk (coefficient {+-} SE: -0.012 {+-} 0.004, P < 0.01), which remained significant when adjusted for BMI (-0.018 {+-} 0.003, P < 0.0001). The decline in the log odds for diabetes was related to the distance run at the end of follow-up when adjusted for baseline distance, with (-0.024 {+-} 0.005, P < 0.0001) or without (-0.027 {+-} 0.005, P < 0.0001) adjustment for BMI. Baseline distance was unrelated to diabetes incidence when adjusted for the distance at the end of follow-up. Compared to men who ran <8 km/wk at the end of follow-up, incidence rates in those who ran {ge} 8 km/wk were 95% lower between 35-44 yrs old (P < 0.0001), 92% lower between 45-54 yrs old (P < 0.0001), 87% lower between 55 and 64 years old (P < 0.0001), and 46% lower between 65-75 yrs old (P = 0.30). For the subset of 6,208 men who maintained the same running distance during follow-up ({+-}5 km/wk), the log odds for diabetes declined with weekly distance run (-0.024 {+-} 0.010, P = 0.02) but not when adjusted for BMI (-0.005 {+-} 0.010, P = 0.65). Conclusion: Vigorous exercise significantly reduces diabetes incidence, due in part to the prevention of age-related weight gain and in part to other exercise effects. Physical activity decreases the risk of type 2 diabetes [1-10]. Moderate and vigorous exercise are purported to produce comparable reductions in diabetes risk if the energy expenditure is the same [3,10]. The optimal physical activity dose remains unclear, however, with some [4-7] but not all studies [1,8,9] showing continued reduction in diabetes for high versus intermediate energy expenditures. The National Runners Health Study [11-19] is unique among population cohorts in its focus on the health impact of higher doses of vigorously intense physical activity (i.e., {ge} 6-fold metabolic rate). The study was specifically designed to evaluate the dose-response relationship between vigorous physical activity and health for intensities and durations that exceed current physical activity recommendations [20-22]. One specific hypothesis is whether changes in vigorous physical activity affect the risk for becoming diabetic. Although women were surveyed and followed-up, only 23 developed diabetes so there is limited statistical power to establish their significance. Our analyses of diabetes and vigorous exercise are therefore restricted to men. This paper relates running distance at baseline and at the end of follow-up to self-reported, physician diagnosed diabetes in vigorously active men who were generally lean and ostensibly at low diabetic risk The benefits of greater doses of more vigorous exercise are relevant to the 27% of U.S. women and 34% of U.S. men meet or exceed the more general exercise recommendations for health benefits [23]. Specific issues to be addressed are: (1) whether maintenance of the same level of vigorous exercise over time reduces the risk of incident diabetes in relation to the exercise dose; (2) whether men who decrease their activity increase their risk for becoming diabetic; and (3) whether end of follow-up running distances are more predictive of diabetes than baseline distances, suggesting a causal, acute effect. Elsewhere we have shown that greater body weight is related to a lack of vigorous exercise [12-14] and increases the risk for diabetes even among generally lean vigorously active men [11]. In runners, leanness may be due to the exercise or due to initially lean men choosing to run further [17]. Therefore we also test whether body weight mediates the effects of vigorous exercise on diabetes, and whether this may be due to self-selection.

Williams, Paul T.

2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

107

THE EXTENT AND CAUSES OF ILLEGAL LOGGING: AN ANALYSIS OF A MAJOR CAUSE OF TROPICAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EXTENT AND CAUSES OF ILLEGAL LOGGING: AN ANALYSIS OF A MAJOR CAUSE OF TROPICAL DEFORESTATION;2 THE EXTENT AND CAUSES OF ILLEGAL LOGGING: AN ANALYSIS OF A MAJOR CAUSE OF TROPICAL DEFORESTATION IN INDONESIA high rates of deforestation in Indonesia. Its extent during 1997-98 is analysed using a materials

108

E-Print Network 3.0 - analysing healthcare incident Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

, many of the telemedicine incidents reported to MAUDE demonstrate that ... Source: Johnson, Chris - Department of Computing Science, University of Glasgow Collection: Computer...

109

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual cancer incidence Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: annual cancer incidence Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 aallll IIrreell aanndd ccaanncceerr...

110

Investigation of the spontaneous lateral modulation in short-period superlattices by grazing-incidence x-ray diffraction.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The process of spontaneous lateral composition modulation in short-period InAs/AlAs superlattices has been investigated by grazing-incidence x-ray diffraction. We have developed a theoretical description of x-ray scattering from laterally modulated structures that makes it possible to determine the lateral composition modulation directly without assuming any structure model. From experimental intensity distributions in reciprocal space we have determined the amplitudes of the modulation and its degree of periodicity and their dependence on the number of superlattice periods. From the data it follows that the modulation process cannot be explained by bunching of monolayer steps and most likely, it is caused by stress-driven morphological instabilities of the growing surface.

Moss, Simon C. (University of Houston, Houston, TX); Holy, Vaclav (Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic); Reno, John Louis; Krause, B. (ESRF, Grenoble, France); Norman, Andrew G. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO); Mikulik, P. (Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic); Caha, O. (Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic); Mascarenhas, Angelo (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO)

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

forthcoming in Economic Letters Incidence of Federal and State Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forthcoming in Economic Letters Incidence of Federal and State Gasoline Taxes Hayley Chouinarda, Berkeley, and member of the Giannini Foundation. Abstract The federal specific gasoline tax falls equally incidence of state taxes is greater in states that use relatively little gasoline. Author Keywords: Taxes

Perloff, Jeffrey M.

112

Cancer incidences in Europe related to mortalities, and ethnohistoric, genetic, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cancer incidences in Europe related to mortalities, and ethnohistoric, genetic, and geographic We have previously shown that geographic differences in cancer mortalities in Europe are related of 45 male and 47 female cancers. Differences in cancer incidences are correlated moder- ately, first

Rosenberg, Michael S.

113

Eur J Cancer. Author manuscript Social inequalities in cancer incidence and cancer survival: Lessons from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eur J Cancer. Author manuscript Page /1 5 Social inequalities in cancer incidence and cancer ( ). With regards to cancer risk, a first comprehensive review of socioeconomic inequalities was1 published by IARC in 1997 ( ). This review covered inequalities in cancer mortality, incidence and survival and discussed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

114

Childhood leukaemia incidence below the age of 5 years near French nuclear power plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Childhood leukaemia incidence below the age of 5 years near French nuclear power plants D Laurier 1 living in the vicinity of nuclear power plants in Germany. We present herein results about the incidence of childhood leukaemia in the vicinity of nuclear power plants in France for the same age range. These results

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

115

Biohazardous Laboratory Incidence/Accident Response and Reporting Protocol UGA Office of Biosafety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biohazardous Laboratory Incidence/Accident Response and Reporting Protocol UGA Office of Biosafety Biohazardous laboratory incident or accident involves the following: 1. Any potential or known exposure-related accidents or illnesses involving work described under the NIH Guidelines for Recombinant DNA Research (NIH

Arnold, Jonathan

116

Monthly Theme OARS January 2009 Report an Accident / Incident / Near Miss  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monthly Theme ­ OARS ­ January 2009 Report an Accident / Incident / Near Miss Online Accident Reporting System (OARS) debuts January 2009 EH&S has a NEW online system to report any accident or incident that happens at the University. The web- based reporting system is called OARS -- Online Accident Reporting

Calgary, University of

117

anthracnose causing fungus: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

disease of papaya Babak Madani a,*, Mahmud Tengku Muda Mohamed a,**, Alan R. Biggs c , Jugah Kadir October 2013 Keywords: Papaya Anthracnose Calcium Disease incidence...

118

anthracnose disease caused: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

disease of papaya Babak Madani a,*, Mahmud Tengku Muda Mohamed a,**, Alan R. Biggs c , Jugah Kadir October 2013 Keywords: Papaya Anthracnose Calcium Disease incidence...

119

Chytridiomycosis as a cause of species extinction?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chytridiomycosis as a cause of species extinction? Yimin Du Penny Langhammer Yijun Lou John population declines, species extinctions ­ Biodiversity loss · Theoretical ­ Host extinction generally to amphibian species Stuart et al. 2004. Science 306: 17831786 #12;Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd

Linder, Tamás

120

Potential safety-related incidents with possible applicability to a nuclear fuel reprocessing plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Safety Technology Group is developing methodology that can be used to assess the risk of operating a plant to reprocess spent nuclear fuel. As an early step in the methodology, a preliminary hazards analysis identifies safety-related incidents. In the absence of appropriate safety features, these incidents could lead to significant consequences and risk to onsite personnel or to the public. This report is a compilation of potential safety-related incidents that have been identified in studies at SRL and in safety analyses of various commercially designed reprocessing plants. It is an expanded revision of the version originally published as DP-1558, Published December 1980.

Durant, W.S.; Perkins, W.C.; Lee, R.; Stoddard, D.H.

1982-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Cause of East-West Earth Asymmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The different slope of the Wadati-Benioff zones oriented towards east and west is considered a main asymmetry of the Earth's globe. Under the Americas they have angles of about 30o, while under the Pacific east coasts (Asia, Japan) the angles are steeper. In the framework of plate tectonics geodynamics the cause of this difference can be identified in the tidal drag that would cause a global shift of the lithosphere towards west. But this solution has been many times criticized on the basis of the irrelevance of the tidal forces with respect to viscous friction. Instead, it is possible to show that in a different framework, in which sudden extrusions of mantle materials occur by local phase change toward a more unpacked lattice, the value of the Coriolis fictitious force can rise of several magnitude orders, becoming the main cause of the east-west asymmetry of the Wadati-Benioff zones, which might be ascribed entirely to internal causes of the planet (its rotation and geodynamics) and not to external causes ...

Scalera, Giancarlo

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Towards a Learning Traffic Incident Detection System Tomas Singliar and Milos Hauskrecht  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

manual tuning. Our hypoth- esis is that these time-consuming solutions can be sucessfuly eliminated of sensor networks on US roadways. Incident detection systems (IDS) are complex arrange- ments

Hauskrecht, Milos

123

Metalized Polyethylene Mulch to Reduce Incidence of Huanglongbing and Improve Growth of New Citrus Plantings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

7.14 P Metalized Polyethylene Mulch to Reduce Incidence ofNorth, Immokalee, FL, USA Polyethylene mulch was evaluatedUV reflective low density polyethylene mulch metalized with

Croxton, S.; Stansly, P.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

E-Print Network 3.0 - americium exposure incident Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: americium exposure incident Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 4th Quarter 20091st Quarter 20104th...

125

Assessing the Potential of Using Traffic Simulation Model Results for Evaluating Automatic Incident Detection Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessing the Potential of Using Traffic Simulation Model Results for Evaluating Automatic Incident of such a test-bed would be the ability to incorporate synthetic data produced by a simulation model since

Hellinga, Bruce

126

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO ACCIDENT/INCIDENT/OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE REPORT FOR EMPLOYEES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO ACCIDENT/INCIDENT/OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE REPORT FOR EMPLOYEES RELEVANT SECTIONS: _______________________________________ NAME OF SUPERVISOR TO WHOM ACCIDENT WAS REPORTED: _________________________________ TELEPHONE: _____________________ IF THERE WAS A DELAY IN REPORTING THIS ACCIDENT, LIST REASON

Kronzucker, Herbert J.

127

A study of the incidence and histology of accessory corpora lutea in swine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A STUDY OF THE INCIDENCE AND HISTOLOGY OF ACCESSORY CORPORA LUTEA IN SWINE A Thesis by LEWIS R. SCHULTZ Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... May 1969 Major Subject: Physiology of Reproduction A STUDY OF THE INCIDENCE AND HISTOLOGY OF ACCESSORY CORPORA LUTEA IN SWINE A Thesis by LEWIS R. SCHULTZ Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department) (M...

Schultz, Lewis Russell

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Incident detection using the Standard Normal Deviate model and travel time information from probe vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INCIDENT DETECTION USING THE STANDARD iNORMAL DEVIATE MODEL AND TRAVEL TECHIE INFORMATION FROM PROBE VEHICLES A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER EUGENE MOUNTAIN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTFR OF SCIENCE December 1993 Major Subject: Civil Engineering INCIDENT DETECTION USING THE STANDARD NORMAL DEVIATE MODEL AND TRAVEL TIME INFORMATION FROM PROBE VEHICLES A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER EUGENE MOUNTAIN Submitted...

Mountain, Christopher Eugene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

129

Accident/Incident Reporting Form & Investigation Report FAX COMPLETED FORM (Within 24 hours) TO: 519-661-2079 (82079)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accident/Incident Reporting Form & Investigation Report FAX COMPLETED FORM (Within 24 hours) TO ­ Accident/Incident Reporting Form PART A Name of Employee: ______________________________________ Employee: Report Only Accident Incident No Injury/Hazard First Aid Lost Time Non-Lost Time (If Report Only

Lennard, William N.

130

Down Syndrome What causes Down syndrome?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

04/13 Down Syndrome What causes Down syndrome? Individuals with Down syndrome usually have an extra chromosome 21. Down syndrome occurs in about 1 in every 700 to 1,000 births. The chance of giving birth to a baby with Down syndrome increases if the mother is over 35 years old. Down syndrome affects both males

Palmeri, Thomas

131

Pink Eye Conjunctivitis Definition, Symptoms and Causes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pink Eye ­ Conjunctivitis Definition, Symptoms and Causes Pink eye is the common name given to inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye. It is otherwise called conjunctivitis. The conjunctiva is the transparent membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the whites of the eyes. Very small, superficial blood

Suzuki, Masatsugu

132

Status Update on the NCRP Scientific Committee SC 5-1 Report: Decision Making for Late-Phase Recovery from Nuclear or Radiological Incidents - 13450  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In August 2008, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued its final Protective Action Guide (PAG) for radiological dispersal device (RDD) and improvised nuclear device (IND) incidents. This document specifies protective actions for public health during the early and intermediate phases and cleanup guidance for the late phase of RDD or IND incidents, and it discusses approaches to implementing the necessary actions. However, while the PAG provides specific guidance for the early and intermediate phases, it prescribes no equivalent guidance for the late-phase cleanup actions. Instead, the PAG offers a general description of a complex process using a site-specific optimization approach. This approach does not predetermine cleanup levels but approaches the problem from the factors that would bear on the final agreed-on cleanup levels. Based on this approach, the decision-making process involves multifaceted considerations including public health, the environment, and the economy, as well as socio-political factors. In an effort to fully define the process and approach to be used in optimizing late-phase recovery and site restoration following an RDD or IND incident, DHS has tasked the NCRP with preparing a comprehensive report addressing all aspects of the optimization process. Preparation of the NCRP report is a three-year (2010-2013) project assigned to a scientific committee, the Scientific Committee (SC) 5-1; the report was initially titled, Approach to Optimizing Decision Making for Late- Phase Recovery from Nuclear or Radiological Terrorism Incidents. Members of SC 5-1 represent a broad range of expertise, including homeland security, health physics, risk and decision analysis, economics, environmental remediation and radioactive waste management, and communication. In the wake of the Fukushima nuclear accident of 2011, and guided by a recent process led by the White House through a Principal Level Exercise (PLE), the optimization approach has since been expanded to include off-site contamination from major nuclear power plant accidents as well as other nuclear or radiological incidents. The expanded application under the current guidance has thus led to a broadened scope of the report, which is reflected in its new title, Decision Making for Late-Phase Recovery from Nuclear or Radiological Incidents. The NCRP report, which is due for publication in 2013, will substantiate the current DHS guidance by clarifying and elaborating on the processes required for the development and implementation of procedures for optimizing decision making for late-phase recovery, enabling the establishment of cleanup goals on a site-specific basis. The report will contain a series of topics addressing important issues related to the long-term recovery from nuclear or radiological incidents. Special topics relevant to supporting the optimization of the decision-making process will include cost-benefit analysis, radioactive waste management, risk communication, stakeholder interaction, risk assessment, and decontamination approaches and techniques. The committee also evaluated past nuclear and radiological incidents for their relevance to the report, including the emerging issues associated with the Fukushima nuclear accident. Thus, due to the commonality of the late-phase issues (such as the potential widespread contamination following an event), the majority of the information pertaining to the response in the late-phase decision-making period, including site-specific optimization framework and approach, could be used or adapted for use in case of similar situations that are not due to terrorism, such as those that would be caused by major nuclear facility accidents or radiological incidents. To ensure that the report and the NCRP recommendations are current and relevant to the effective implementation of federal guidance, SC 5-1 has actively coordinated with the agencies of interest and other relevant stakeholders throughout the duration of the project. The resulting report will be an important resource to guide those involved

Chen, S.Y. [Environmental Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)] [Environmental Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

MEASURING IMPACTS TO BIRDS CAUSED BY WIND TURBINES MEASURING IMPACTS TO BIRDS CAUSED BY WIND TURBINES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPENDIX A MEASURING IMPACTS TO BIRDS CAUSED BY WIND TURBINES #12;A-1 APPENDIX A MEASURING IMPACTS TO BIRDS CAUSED BY WIND TURBINES 1.0 INTRODUCTION Differential composition of wind turbines at wind energy used is the number of fatalities per wind turbine per year (Anderson et al. 1999). This metric has

134

E(Race)ing gender: Stratified identities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the appropriation of white standards, and rejecting (as seen in Janie's trial for her husband's death) those institutions as the basis of one's identity. The cultural and social price that Janie pays, furthermore, challenges her adaptive capacity to stratify her...

Nguyen, Le Thuy Thi

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

IllumInatIng of Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

funding sources 29 master's and do degrees awarded 23,000+ recipients of CTS-produced newsletters. You will find both the quantitative and qualitative accounts of CTS--the statistics and the stories identity and launched our signature publication Catalyst to better capture the innovative spirit and energy

Minnesota, University of

136

Bachelor projekt Dipl.Ing.IT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vedligeholdelse af produktkonfigureringssystemer Anders Degn Kongens Lyngby, 29. april 2006 IMM-B.Eng-2006-17 #12 Lyngby, Denmark Phone +45 45253351, Fax +45 45882673 reception@imm.dtu.dk www.imm.dtu.dk IMM-B.Eng-2006 papers der forventes udgivet andetsteds i Juni 2006. Projektet er udført i perioden 2. februar 2006 til 1

137

Oil Price Shocks: Causes and Consequences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research on oil markets conducted during the last decade has challenged long-held beliefs about the causes and consequences of oil price shocks. As the empirical and theoretical models used by economists have evolved, so has our understanding of the determinants of oil price shocks and of the interaction between oil markets and the global economy. Some of the key insights are that the real price of oil is endogenous with respect to economic fundamentals, and that oil price shocks do not occur ceteris paribus. This makes it necessary to explicitly account for the demand and supply shocks underlying oil price shocks when studying their transmission to the domestic economy. Disentangling cause and effect in the relationship between oil prices and the economy requires structural models of the global economy including oil and other commodity markets.

Lutz Kilian; Key Words

138

Did Antitrust Policy Cause the Great Merger Wave?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ba rga in ing s i tua t ion similar to the one presented above. Both their case and mine have an e m p t y c o r e . T h e y u s e the pedagogical device of successive contracts to illustrate that no c o m p e t i t i v e so lu t ion emerges... costs make a neoclassical competitive equilibrium impos­ sible, the least-cost solution could be the formation of a horizontal agree­ ment instead of a consolidated firm. In this respect a cartel resembles a franchise agreement, which also employs a...

Bittlingmayer, George

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Material development in the SI{sub 3}N{sub 4} system using glass encapsulated Hip`ing. Final report, Phase 2: DOE/ORNL Ceramic Technology Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report covers a two-year program to develop fully dense Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} matrix SiC whisker composites with enhanced properties over monolithic Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} materials. The primary goal was to develop a composite with a fracture toughness > 10 MPa{radical}m, capable of using high pressure glass encapsulated HIP`ing. Coating methods were developed to apply thin (<150nm) stoichiometric BN layers to SiC whiskers and also to apply a dual coating of SiC over carbon to the whiskers. Fracture toughness of the composites was determined to increase as the quantity of whiskers (or elongated grains) with their axis perpendicular to the crack plane increased. Of the interface compositions evaluated in this effort, carbon was determined to be the most effective for increasing toughness. The highest toughnesses (6.8--7.0 MPa{radical}m) were obtained with uniaxially aligned carbon coated whiskers. There was no evidence of the carbon coating compromising the oxidation resistance of the composites at 1370{degree}C.

Corbin, N.D.; Sundberg, G.J.; Siebein, K.N.; Willkens, C.A.; Pujari, V.K.; Rossi, G.A.; Hansen, J.S.; Chang, C.L.; Hammarstrom, J.L.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

17.423 Causes and Prevention of War, Spring 2001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Examines the causes of war, with a focus on practical measures to prevent and control war. Topics covered include: causes and consequences of national misperception; military strategy and policy as cause of war; US foreign ...

Van Evera, Stephen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Incident-Energy Dependent Quenching of the Analyzing Power in Pre-Equilibrium Composite Particle Emission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proton-induced pre-equilibrium process in the energy range of 100 to 160 MeV, which leads to emission of composite ejectiles such as {sup 3}He and {alpha}-particles, is discussed. New cross section and analyzing power measurements for the (p,{sup 3}He) reaction on {sup 93}Nb at an incident energy of 160 MeV are presented, and these are found to be in agreement with the prediction of a statistical multistep theoretical formulation. The observed quenching of the analyzing power is also reproduced well by the theory. The results are consistent with earlier work at lower incident energies and other nuclear species.

Cowley, A. A. [Physics Department, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602 (South Africa); iThemba LABS, PO Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Dimitrova, S. S. [Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1784 Sofia (Bulgaria); Zyl, J. J. van [Physics Department, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602 (South Africa)

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

142

A grazing incidence x-ray streak camera for ultrafast, single-shot measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An ultrafast x-ray streak camera has been realized using a grazing incidence reflection photocathode. X-rays are incident on a gold photocathode at a grazing angle of 20 degree and photoemitted electrons are focused by a large aperture magnetic solenoid lens. The streak camera has high quantum efficiency, 600fs temporal resolution, and 6mm imaging length in the spectral direction. Its single shot capability eliminates temporal smearing due to sweep jitter, and allows recording of the ultrafast dynamics of samples that undergo non-reversible changes.

Feng, Jun; Engelhorn, K.; Cho, B.I.; Lee, H.J.; Greaves, M.; Weber, C.P.; Falcone, R.W.; Padmore, H. A.; Heimann, P.A.

2010-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

143

Root Cause Analysis (RCA) & Corrective Action Plan (CAP) | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Root Cause Analysis (RCA) & Corrective Action Plan (CAP) Root Cause Analysis (RCA) & Corrective Action Plan (CAP) Improving the Department of Energy's project and contract...

144

Stroke is the nation's third leading cause of death after heart disease and cancer. Strokes claim some 144,000 lives a year, accounting for one in every 17 deaths. Oregon with its  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stroke is the nation's third leading cause of death after heart disease and cancer. Strokes claim-aging population and high incidence of obesity and tobacco use ­ has one of the nation's highest stroke mortality rates. The total 2009 estimated direct and indirect cost of stroke in the nation is a staggering $68

Chapman, Michael S.

145

Nuclear plant cancellations: causes, costs, and consequences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study was commissioned in order to help quantify the effects of nuclear plant cancellations on the Nation's electricity prices. This report presents a historical overview of nuclear plant cancellations through 1982, the costs associated with those cancellations, and the reasons that the projects were terminated. A survey is presented of the precedents for regulatory treatment of the costs, the specific methods of cost recovery that were adopted, and the impacts of these decisions upon ratepayers, utility stockholders, and taxpayers. Finally, the report identifies a series of other nuclear plants that remain at risk of canellation in the future, principally as a result of similar demand, finance, or regulatory problems cited as causes of cancellation in the past. The costs associated with these potential cancellations are estimated, along with their regional distributions, and likely methods of cost recovery are suggested.

Not Available

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

SPACE WEATHER AND THE INCIDENCE OF REACTIVE "OFF-COST" OPERATIONS IN THE PJM POWER GRID  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPACE WEATHER AND THE INCIDENCE OF REACTIVE "OFF-COST" OPERATIONS IN THE PJM POWER GRID 7.6 Kevin F the price of electricity in the PJM power grid. In this paper we examine one of the mechanisms by which space weather impacts the electricity market in the PJM power grid. The starting point of this paper

Schrijver, Karel

147

Incidence of ischemic stroke according to income level among older people: the 3C study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Incidence of ischemic stroke according to income level among older people: the 3C study Olivier 26 25. Email: olivier.grimaud@ehesp.fr Abstract Background Stroke has been shown to follow a social between socioeconomic status and ischemic stroke risk amongst older people. Setting The Cities of Bordeaux

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

148

Systme de rapports d'incidents conforme aux normes ITIL pour le  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Système de rapports d'incidents conforme aux normes ITIL pour le réseau A.S.T.R.I.D Mémoire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Aper¸cu d'ITIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.3 Objectifs de ce m´emoire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2 ITIL 4 2.1 Introduction

Libre de Bruxelles, Université

149

Solid state laser disk amplifer architecture: the normal-incidence stack  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Normal incidence stack architecture coupled with the development of diode array pumping enables the power/energy per disk to be increased, a reduction in beam distortions by orders of magnitude, a beam propagation no longer restricted to only one direction of polarization, and the laser becomes so much more amendable to robust packaging.

Dane, C. Brent; Albrecht, Georg F.; Rotter, Mark D.

2005-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

150

Forecasting Spatiotemporal Impact of Traffic Incidents on Road Networks Bei Pan, Ugur Demiryurek, Cyrus Shahabi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-fidelity spatiotemporal data on trans- portation networks of major cities. In this paper, using two real- world incidents, for example it can be used by city transportation agencies for providing evacuation plan to eliminate potential congested grid locks, for effective dispatching of emergency vehicles, or even for long

Shahabi, Cyrus

151

Modeling Disease Incidence Data with Spatial and Spatio-Temporal Dirichlet Process Mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling Disease Incidence Data with Spatial and Spatio-Temporal Dirichlet Process Mixtures approaches to analyze such data. We develop a hierarchical specification using spatial random effects modeled. Key words: Areal unit spatial data; Dirichlet process mixture models; Disease mapping; Dy- namic

Wolpert, Robert L

152

A two-stage model for incidence and prevalence in point-level spatial count data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A two-stage model for incidence and prevalence in point-level spatial count data Virginia Recta about the underlying data generating process. We utilize a two-stage spatial generalized linear mixed and real data from an ecological field survey. 1 Introduction Spatial count data arise frequently

Haran, Murali

153

Dynamically Predicting Corridor Travel Time Under Incident Conditions Using a Neural Network Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into the ANN model development, despite that incident might be a major source of prediction degradations. Additionally, directly deriving corridor travel times in a one-step manner raises some intractable problems, such as pairing input-target data, which have...

Zeng, Xiaosi

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

154

Using IEC 61508 to Guide the Investigation of Computer-Related Incidents and Accidents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

applications. This has had `knock-on' effects in terms of the complexity of any incident investigation by fractional distillation into intermediate products, including light and heavy diesel, naptha, kerosese a fire in part of the crude distillation unit within the plant. This led to a number of knock-on effects

Johnson, Chris

155

Emergency Action Plan For incidents involving hazardous materials, fires, explosions, or natural gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-492-6025. For Non-Emergency Fire and Natural Gas Questions call the CU Fire Marshall @ 303-492-4042. AdditionalEmergency Action Plan For incidents involving hazardous materials, fires, explosions, or natural gas leaks, the following actions should be taken: 1) Life Safety First 2) Evacuate Immediate Area 3

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

156

Incident and in situ irradiance in Lakes Cadagno and Lucerne: A comparison of methods and models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incident and in situ irradiance in Lakes Cadagno and Lucerne: A comparison of methods and models Key words: Lake Lucerne, Lake Cadagno, PAR, UV-A, UV-B, irradiance regime, radiative transfer models) at the field stations Kastanienbaum at Lake Lucerne (434 m a.s.l.) and Piora at Lake Cadagno (1923 m a

Sommaruga, Ruben

157

Incidence of the source of fibre on the caecal fermentation pattern of the growing rabbit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incidence of the source of fibre on the caecal fermentation pattern of the growing rabbit R Bellier the caecal fermentation and the fibre degradation in the growing rabbit. Three experimental diets were given;ADL&dquo; = 9 %), but they differed mainly by the fibre origin : Lucerne (diet L), sunflower meal (diet SM

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

158

The Smith Normal Form of the Incidence Matrix of Skew Lines in PG(3, q)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Smith Normal Form of the Incidence Matrix of Skew Lines in PG(3, q) Peter Sin, University. In our case D = q4I. #12;Smith normal forms A, L define endomorphisms of the free Z-module on lines. Cokernel of A is called the Smith group and the torsion subgroup of the cokernel of L is known

Sin, Peter

159

Biomedical nuclear and X-ray imager using high-energy grazing incidence mirrors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Imaging of radiation sources located in a subject is explored for medical applications. The approach involves using grazing-incidence optics to form images of the location of radiopharmaceuticals administered to a subject. The optics are "true focusing" optics, meaning that they project a real and inverted image of the radiation source onto a detector possessing spatial and energy resolution.

Ziock, Klaus-Peter; Craig, William W.; Hasegawa, Bruce; Pivovaroff, Michael J.

2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

160

Resonant normal-incidence separate-absorption-charge-multiplication Ge/Si avalanche  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-speed InP /InGaAsP /InGaAs avalanche photodiodes grown by chemical beam epitaxy," IEEE J. Quantum ElectronResonant normal-incidence separate-absorption- charge-multiplication Ge/Si avalanche photodiodes the impedance of separate-absorption-charge- multiplication Ge/Si avalanche photodiodes (APD) is characterized

Bowers, John

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

USING ARCHIVED ITS DATA FOR ANALYSIS OF INCIDENTS ON THE PORTLAND, OREGON FREEWAY SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this project and during my graduate program at Portland State University. My sincere gratitude goes Potter and Mike Rose for their assistance with the project. In addition, I would also like to thank that relate to traffic volumes and weather. In a more detailed analysis, the cost of incidents, in terms

Bertini, Robert L.

162

incident_investigation_form.docx Revision Date: 2/5/2013 Page 1 of 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

layout is hazardous Unsafe lighting Unsafe ventilation Lack of personal protective equipment (PPE of Report: Reported by: Supervisor EH&S Team Other__________ DESCRIBE THE INCIDENT Exact Location) Inadequate guard Unguarded hazard Safety device is defective Tool or equipment defective Workstation

163

29.01.03.M1.09 Information Resources Incident Management Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

likelihood that security incidents could be propagated to other systems beyond departmental control, system, process, store, retrieve, display, and transmit information or data. SIRS ­ Security Incident Reporting follow System Regulation 10.02.01, Control of Fraud, Waste and Abuse. 2.6 If there is a substantial

164

-Improved estimates of incident radiation and heat load -751 Journal of Vegetation Science 18: 751-754, 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as predictors. Heat load was calculated as a 45 degree rotation of the PDIR response surface. Results- Improved estimates of incident radiation and heat load - 751 Journal of Vegetation Science 18 regression (NPMR) improve estimates of potential direct incident radia- tion (PDIR) and heat load based

McCune, Bruce

165

Pump pulse-width dependence of grazing-incidence pumped transient collisional soft-x-ray lasers M. Berrill,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pump pulse-width dependence of grazing-incidence pumped transient collisional soft-x-ray lasers M 2007 The output energy dependence of high repetition rate grazing incidence pumped Ni-like Mo, Ni-like Ag, and Ne-like Ti transient collisional soft x-ray lasers on the duration of the pump pulse

Rocca, Jorge J.

166

Residential Life Judicial Review Board Process An incident report is submitted and directed to the Coordinator of the specific residence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Residential Life Judicial Review Board Process · An incident report is submitted and directed of Residential Life. · Upon review, the Coordinator determines whether or not the incident requires a one. For additional information, you may contact the Residential Life office at 257-4917. #12;

Selmic, Sandra

167

The Regional Incidence of a National Greenhouse Gas Emission Limit: Title VII of the American Clean Energy and Security Act  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

which facilitates analysis of the incidence of an economywide capandtrade system for carbon dioxide (CO2) at the state level. An understanding of the geographic incidence of climate change mitigation are geographically localized. The upshot is a classic collective action problem. The issue of distribution has long

Wing, Ian Sue

168

EOC Title: Documentation Unit General Description The Documentation Unit maintains accurate, up-to-date incident files  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLANNING EOC Title: Documentation Unit General Description The Documentation Unit maintains, EOC Action Plan, and other documents, as required · Ensure an EOC sign-in sheet is available for each and Initial Action Incidents (3 hours) · IS-700 National Incident Management System (3 hours) · IS-800

Walker, Matthew P.

169

Investigation of lane occupancy as a freeway control parameter for use during incident conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

freeway safety warning device, using critical occupancy parameters, was developed and simulated in real-time. Evaluation of the simulated operation of the device revealed. that relia'cle detection of shock waves generated by freeway incidents... Detection of Shock Waves Page 38 Sensitivity of Occupancy Measurements 38 Occupancy Differential Concept Determination of' Occupancy D"' fzerence Parameters Det, ection of Shock Waves 41 RESULTS Critical Occupancy Concept Determination of Critical...

Friebele, John Duncan

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Improved Methodology to Measure Normal Incident Solar Radiation with a Multi-Pyranometer Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESL-PA-13-11-02 Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Energy Procedia 00 (2013) 000–000 www.elsevier.com/locate/procedia 2013 ISES Solar World Congress Improved Methodology to Measure Normal... Incident Solar Radiation with a Multi-Pyranometer Array Juan-Carlos Baltazar*, Yifu Sun, Jeff Haberl Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Station, The Texas A&M University System College Station, TX 77845, U.S.A. Abstract...

Baltazar, J.C.; Sun, Y.; Haberl, J.

171

Catastrophic Incident Recovery: Long-Term Recovery from an Anthrax Event Symposium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On March 19, 2008, policy makers, emergency managers, and medical and Public Health officials convened in Seattle, Washington, for a workshop on Catastrophic Incident Recovery: Long-Term Recovery from an Anthrax Event. The day-long symposium was aimed at generating a dialogue about restoration and recovery through a discussion of the associated challenges that impact entire communities, including people, infrastructure, and critical systems.

Lesperance, Ann M.

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

172

USING ARCHIVED DATA SOURCES TO EVALUATE AN INCIDENT RESPONSE PROGRAM IN PORTLAND, OREGON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5 10 15 20 25 NumberofWetDays Crashes on Wet Days Crashes on Dry Days Wet Days 1152 Crashes on Wet Days 1712 Crashes on Dry Days 113 Wet days 210 989 1050 1105 960 1072 313 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 by Day of Week on I-5 for 2001 Crashes and Precipitation by Month for 2001 Average Ongoing Incidents

Bertini, Robert L.

173

Handling Cyber Security Alerts and Advisories and Reporting Cyber Security Incidents  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish Department of Energy (DOE) requirements and responsibilities for reporting cyber security incidents involving classified and unclassified systems and responding to cyber security alerts and advisories; and to implement requirements of DOE N 205.1, Unclassified Cyber Security Program, and DOE M 471.2-2, Classified Information Systems Security Manual. DOE N 205.13, dated 7-6-04, extends this notice until 7-6-05. Cancels DOE M 471.2-2, Chapter III, section 8.

2002-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

174

Analysis of the HSEES Chemical Incident Database Using Data and Text Mining Methodologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was established to meet the federal hazardous material transportation regulation. All modes of transportation except for pipeline and bulk marine transportation are covered by the HMIRS database. The process industry should take advantage of these chemical... al., 1999). HSEES HMIRSOSHA RMP Fixed facility Transportation Railroad, Highway, Pipeline, Waterways Residence areas Agricultural areas Public areas Industry 4 Based on the availability of chemical incident database and their evident...

Mahdiyati, -

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

175

A Planning Tool for Estimating Waste Generated by a Radiological Incident and Subsequent Decontamination Efforts - 13569  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Management of debris and waste from a wide-area radiological incident would probably constitute a significant percentage of the total remediation cost and effort. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Waste Estimation Support Tool (WEST) is a unique planning tool for estimating the potential volume and radioactivity levels of waste generated by a radiological incident and subsequent decontamination efforts. The WEST was developed to support planners and decision makers by generating a first-order estimate of the quantity and characteristics of waste resulting from a radiological incident. The tool then allows the user to evaluate the impact of various decontamination/demolition strategies on the waste types and volumes generated. WEST consists of a suite of standalone applications and Esri{sup R} ArcGIS{sup R} scripts for rapidly estimating waste inventories and levels of radioactivity generated from a radiological contamination incident as a function of user-defined decontamination and demolition approaches. WEST accepts Geographic Information System (GIS) shape-files defining contaminated areas and extent of contamination. Building stock information, including square footage, building counts, and building composition estimates are then generated using the Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA's) Hazus{sup R}-MH software. WEST then identifies outdoor surfaces based on the application of pattern recognition to overhead aerial imagery. The results from the GIS calculations are then fed into a Microsoft Excel{sup R} 2007 spreadsheet with a custom graphical user interface where the user can examine the impact of various decontamination/demolition scenarios on the quantity, characteristics, and residual radioactivity of the resulting waste streams. (authors)

Boe, Timothy [Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 (United States)] [Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 (United States); Lemieux, Paul [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 (United States)] [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 (United States); Schultheisz, Daniel; Peake, Tom [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC 20460 (United States)] [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC 20460 (United States); Hayes, Colin [Eastern Research Group, Inc, Morrisville, NC 26560 (United States)] [Eastern Research Group, Inc, Morrisville, NC 26560 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Nuclear incident monitor criticality alarm instrument for the Savannah River Site: Technical manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River Site is a Department of Energy facility. The facility stores, processes, and works with fissionable material at a number of locations. Technical standards and US Department of Energy orders, require these locations to be monitored by criticality alarm systems under certain circumstances. The Savannah River Site calls such instruments Nuclear Incident Monitors or NIMs. The Sole purpose of the Nuclear Incident Monitor is to provide an immediate evacuation signal in the case of an accidental criticality in order to minimize personnel exposure to radiation. The new unit is the third generation Nuclear Incident Monitor at the Savannah River Site. The second generation unit was developed in 1979. It was designed to eliminate vacuum-tube circuits, and was the first solid state NIM at SRS. The major design objectives of the second generation NIM were to improve reliability and reduce maintenance costs. Ten prototype units have been built and tested. This report describes the design of the new NIM and the testing that took place to verify its acceptability.

Jenkins, J.B.

1996-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

177

17.42 Causes and Prevention of War, Spring 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The causes and prevention of interstate war are the central topics of this course. The course goal is to discover and assess the means to prevent or control war. Hence we focus on manipulable or controllable war-causes. ...

Van Evera, Stephen

178

Structural Dynamics of Various Causes of Migration in Jaipur  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Various social causes for migration in Jaipur are studied and statistical hypotheses are made in this paper.

Jayant Singh; Hansraj Yadav; Florentin Smarandache

2008-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

179

Know Stroke Stroke is the third leading cause of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Know Stroke Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States and a leading cause of serious, long-term disability in adults. About 600,000 new strokes are reported in the U.S. each year. The good news is that treatments are available that can greatly reduce the damage caused by a stroke

Bandettini, Peter A.

180

Thin film cracking and ratcheting caused by temperature cycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thin film cracking and ratcheting caused by temperature cycling M. Huang and Z. Suo Mechanical caused by ratcheting in an adjacent ductile layer. For example, on a silicon die directly attached corners. Aided by cycling temperature, the shear stresses cause ratcheting in the aluminum pads

Suo, Zhigang

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Second harmonic generation by propagation of a p-polarized obliquely incident laser beam in underdense plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analytical study of second harmonic generation due to interaction an intense, p-polarized laser beam propagating obliquely in homogeneous underdense plasma, in the mildly relativistic regime, has been presented. The efficiency of the second harmonic radiation as well as its detuning length has been obtained and their variation with the angle of incidence is analyzed. It is shown that, for a given plasma electron density, the second harmonic efficiency increases with the angle of incidence while the detuning length decreases. The second harmonic amplitude vanishes at normal incidence of the laser beam.

Jha, Pallavi; Agrawal, Ekta [Department of Physics, University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226007 (India)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

182

The major causes of short shelf life (or short marketing life) in raspberries and blackberries are physical injuries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- ing house, pre-cooler, cold storage, loading, shipping, etc. 10. Maintenance of smooth surfaces throughout the berry's transport from the field to the cold storage facility and ultimately to the consumer

Liskiewicz, Maciej

183

Incidence of Leukoencephalopathy After Whole-Brain Radiation Therapy for Brain Metastases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate the incidence of leukoencephalopathy after whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) in patients with brain metastases. Methods and Materials: We retrospectively reviewed 111 patients who underwent WBRT for brain metastases from April 2001 through March 2008 and had evaluable computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at least 1 month after completion of WBRT. We evaluated the leukoencephalopathy according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 3.0. The patients who had brain tumor recurrence after WBRT were censored at the last follow-up CT or MRI without recurrence. To evaluate the risk factors for leukoencephalopathy, bivariate analysis was performed using a logistic regression analysis adjusted for follow-up time. Factors included in the analysis were age, gender, dose fractionation, 5-fluorouracil, methotrexate, cisplatin, and other chemotherapeutic agents. Results: The median age of the 111 patients was 60.0 years (range, 23-89 years). The median follow-up was 3.8 months (range, 1.0-38.1 months). Leukoencephalopathy developed in 23 of the 111 patients. Grades 1, 2, and 3 were observed in 8, 7, and 8 patients, respectively. The incidence was 34.4% (11 of 32), 42.9% (6 of 14), 66.7% (2 of 3), and 100% (2 of 2) of the patients who were followed up for ?6, ?12, ?24, and ?36 months, respectively. In the bivariate analysis, older age (?65 years) was significantly correlated with higher risk of leukoencephalopathy (odds ratio 3.31; 95% confidence interval 1.15-9.50; P=.03). Conclusions: The incidence of leukoencephalopathy after WBRT was 34.4% with ?6 months follow-up, and increased with longer follow-up. Older age was a significant risk factor. The schedule of WBRT for patients with brain metastases should be carefully determined, especially for favorable patients.

Ebi, Junko, E-mail: junkoe@fmu.ac.jp [Department of Radiology, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima (Japan)] [Department of Radiology, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima (Japan); Sato, Hisashi; Nakajima, Masaru; Shishido, Fumio [Department of Radiology, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima (Japan)] [Department of Radiology, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima (Japan)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

avascular necrosis caused: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

released to the atmosphere by human activities are the main cause of contemporary global warming. Recent decades have seen record-high average global surface temperatures....

186

anastomotic strictures caused: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

released to the atmosphere by human activities are the main cause of contemporary global warming. Recent decades have seen record-high average global surface temperatures....

187

Estimation of /sup 244/Cm intake by bioassay measurements following a contamination incident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An employee was contaminated with radioactive material consisting primarily of /sup 244/Cm and /sup 246/Cm as a consequence of handling a curium nitrate solution at a reprocessing facility. In vivo gamma analysis and in vitro (urine and fecal) analysis were initiated soon after the incident. Further in vivo measurements were performed regularly through hour 528, and in vitro bioassay measurements were obtained through day 74. A sample of the curium solution from the workplace was obtained to confirm that the nitrate was the chemical form and to identify the curium isotopes present. The mass ratio of /sup 244/Cm:/sup 246/Cm was determined to be 91:7. Diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (DTPA) was administered on hours 33 and 71. Observed excretion rates were consistent with available information for curium in the literature. In this paper, the results of the in vivo and in vitro measurements are presented and intake estimates for the incident are developed using various excretion rate functions. 11 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Thein, M.; Bogard, J.S.; Eckerman, K.F.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

K{alpha} satellite transitions in elements with 12{<=}Z{<=}30 produced by electron incidence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The emission of x-ray satellite lines in the K{alpha} region of Mg, Si, Sc, Ti, Cr, Fe, Ni, and Zn induced by electron incidence was studied by means of wavelength dispersive spectroscopy. The satellite lines studied were K{alpha}{sup '}, K{alpha}{sub 3}, K{alpha}{sub 4}, K{alpha}{sub 5}, K{alpha}{sub 6}, and two transitions denoted here as K{alpha}{sub 22} and K{alpha}{sub 12}. Energy shifts with respect to the main K{alpha}{sub 1} diagram line and transition probabilities relative to the whole K{alpha} group were determined for a number of lines through a careful spectral processing. The dependence of these parameters, as well as of the K{beta}:K{alpha} intensity ratio, on the atomic number was compared with previous experimental and theoretical determinations when available. A discussion about the different mechanisms responsible for vacancy creation involved in the production of double-ionization satellites was performed in the light of the results obtained. Finally, the behavior of the satellite intensities as a function of the incidence energy was discussed for silicon.

Limandri, Silvina P.; Carreras, Alejo C.; Trincavelli, Jorge C. [Instituto de Fisica Enrique Gaviola, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas (Argentina); Facultad de Matematica, Astronomia y Fisica, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Cordoba (Argentina); Bonetto, Rita D. [Centro de Investigacion y Desarrollo en Ciencias Aplicadas Dr. Jorge Ronco (CINDECA), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas (Argentina); Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Facultad de Ingenieria, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata (Argentina)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

Technical Review of Law Enforcement Standards and Guides Relative to Incident Management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In an effort to locate potential law enforcement-related standards that support incident management, a team from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) contacted representatives from the National Institute of Standards-Office of Law Enforcement Standards (NIST-OLES), National Institute of Justice (NIJ), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Secret Service, ASTM International committees that have a law enforcement focus, and a variety of individuals from local and regional law enforcement organizations. Discussions were held with various state and local law enforcement organizations. The NIJ has published several specific equipment-related law enforcement standards that were included in the review, but it appears that law enforcement program and process-type standards are developed principally by organizations that operate at the state and local level. Input is provided from state regulations and codes and from external non-government organizations (NGOs) that provide national standards. The standards that are adopted from external organizations or developed independently by state authorities are available for use by local law enforcement agencies on a voluntary basis. The extent to which they are used depends on the respective jurisdictions involved. In some instances, use of state and local disseminated standards is mandatory, but in most cases, use is voluntary. Usually, the extent to which these standards are used appears to depend on whether or not jurisdictions receive certification from a “governing” entity due to their use and compliance with the standards. In some cases, these certification-based standards are used in principal but without certification or other compliance monitoring. In general, these standards appear to be routinely used for qualification, selection for employment, and training. In these standards, the term “Peace Officer” is frequently used to refer to law enforcement personnel. This technical review of national law enforcement standards and guides identified the following four guides as having content that supports incident management: • TE-02-02 Guide to Radio Communications Interoperability Strategies and Products • OSHA 335-10N Preparing and Protecting Security Personnel in Emergencies • NIJ 181584 Fire and Arson Scene Evidence: A Guide for Public Safety Personnel • NIJ 181869 A Guide for Explosion and Bombing Scene Investigation In conversations with various state and local law enforcement officials, it was determined that the following National Fire Protection Association (NPFA) standards are generally recognized and tend to be universally used by law enforcement organizations across the country: • NFPA 1600 Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs • NFPA 1561 Standard on Fire Department Incident Management Systems • NFPA 472 Standard for Competence of Responders to Hazardous Materials/Weapons of Mass Destruction Incidents (2008 Edition) • NFPA 473 Standard for Competencies for EMS Personnel Responding to Hazardous Materials/Weapons of Mass Destruction Incidents (2008 Edition)

Stenner, Robert D.; Salter, R.; Stanton, J. R.; Fisher, D.

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

190

Page 1 of 2 Welcome to Just CAUSES!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. MORE CAUSES Installs Ward 8 Urban Aquaponics Project CAUSES celebrated the launch of a neighborhood-sized aquaponics facil- ity located in the southeastern quad- rant of Washington, D.C. The project is the result was attended by representa- tives from USDA, the D.C. Govern- ment, UDC and the community. The new aquaponics

District of Columbia, University of the

191

Assessing species invasions as a cause of extinction Anthony Ricciardi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Letters Assessing species invasions as a cause of extinction Anthony Ricciardi Redpath Museum, Mc the generalization that biological invasions are a leading cause of species extinctions. The authors note zebra mussel colonization has accelerated the local extinction of unionid species by a factor of 10

Ricciardi, Anthony

192

OCCURRENCE, DISTRIBUTION AND CONTROL OF THE PARASITES THAT CAUSE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OCCURRENCE, DISTRIBUTION AND CONTROL OF THE PARASITES THAT CAUSE SWIMMER'S ITCH IN MICHIGAN;#12;OCCURRENCE, DISTRIBUTION AND CONTROL OF THE PARASITES THAT CAUSE SWIMMER'S ITCH IN MICHIGAN 1 Acknowledgments University). Graphic Design Margaret Weaver (ANR Communications, Michigan State University). Snail Species

193

Warming caused by cumulative carbon emissions towards the trillionth tonne  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTERS Warming caused by cumulative carbon emissions towards the trillionth tonne Myles R. Allen1 emission pathways. We find that the peak warming caused by a given cumulative carbon dioxide emission of emissions or peak emission rate). Hence policy targets based on limiting cumulative emissions of carbon

Fischlin, Andreas

194

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque Cl ,supplt?mentau n " 2, Tome 40, fgvrier 1979,page C1-157 SPECTROSCOPY IN THE GRAZING-INCIDENCE SPECTRAL REGION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-atom collisions at the 600-keV heavy-ion accelerator at Aarhus University. An ellipsoidal, gold-coated mirror ARRANGEMENT The experimental arrangement is shown schematically in Fig. 1 . A gold-coated, el- lipsoidal. This was accomplished by installing a shaft encoder (LOGIK, Denmark) on the drive shaft, connect- ing the gear box

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

195

The effective beta sensitivity to the incident neutron energy dependence of the absolute delayed neutron yields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The uncertainty of the [sup 235]U, [sup 239]Pu, and [sup 238]U absolute delayed neutron yields v[sub d] is one of the principal sources of uncertainty in predicting the fission reactor reactivity scale [beta][sub eff]. The current uncertainties in the dependence of v[sub d] on incident neutron energy is investigated for significance in the evaluation of [beta][sub eff]. The uncertainty effects on the GODIVA, JEZEBEL, Zero Power Reactor, SNEAK, and Masurca benchmark facility calculations are analyzed using ENDF/B and JEF basic data. Different assumptions about the energy dependence result in variations of up to 5% in the reactor spectrum averaged values of v[sub d], and these would result in variations of up to [approximately] 2% in the value of [beta][sub eff] for a typical liquid-metal fast breeder reactor.

D'Angelo, A. (ENEA, Casaccia (Italy)); Filip, A. (Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Cadarache, Saint Paul lez Durance (France). Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Light trapping for emission from a photovoltaic cell under normally incident monochromatic illumination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have theoretically demonstrated a new light-trapping mechanism to reduce emission from a photovoltaic (PV) cell used for a monochromatic light source, which improves limiting conversion efficiency determined by the detailed balance. A multilayered bandpass filter formed on the surface of a PV cell has been found to prevent the light generated inside by radiative recombination from escaping the cell, resulting in a remarkable decrease of the effective solid angle for the emission. We have clarified a guide to design a suitable configuration of the bandpass filter and achieved significant reduction of the emission. The resultant gain in monochromatic conversion efficiency in the radiative limit due to the optimally designed 18-layerd bandpass filters is as high as 6% under normally incident 1064?nm illumination of 10 mW/cm{sup 2?}??1?kW/cm{sup 2}, compared with the efficiency for the perfect anti-reflection treatment to the surface of a conventional solar cell.

Takeda, Yasuhiko, E-mail: takeda@mosk.tytlabs.co.jp; Iizuka, Hideo; Mizuno, Shintaro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Ichikawa, Tadashi; Ito, Hiroshi; Kajino, Tsutomu [Toyota Central Research and Development Laboratories, Inc., 41-1, Yokomichi, Nagakute, Aichi 480-1192 (Japan); Ichiki, Akihisa; Motohiro, Tomoyoshi [Green Mobility Collaborative Research Center, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601 (Japan)

2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

197

Fractures of the Sacrum After Chemoradiation for Rectal Carcinoma: Incidence, Risk Factors, and Radiographic Evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Sacral insufficiency fractures after adjuvant radiation for rectal carcinoma can present similarly to recurrent disease. As a complication associated with pelvic radiation, it is important to be aware of the incidence and risk factors associated with sacral fractures in the clinical assessment of these patients. Methods and Materials: Between 1998 and 2007, a total of 582 patients with locally advanced rectal carcinoma received adjuvant chemoradiation and surgical excision. Of these, 492 patients had imaging studies available for review. Hospital records and imaging studies from all 492 patients were retrospectively evaluated to identify risk factors associated with developing a sacral insufficiency fracture. Results: With a median follow-up time of 3.5 years, the incidence of sacral fractures was 7.1% (35/492). The 4-year sacral fracture free rate was 0.91. Univariate analysis showed that increasing age ({>=}60 vs. <60 years), female sex, and history of osteoporosis were significantly associated with shorter time to sacral fracture (P=.01, P=.004, P=.001, respectively). There was no significant difference in the time to sacral fracture for patients based on stage, radiotherapy dose, or chemotherapy regimen. Multivariate analysis showed increasing age ({>=}60 vs. <60 years, hazard ratio [HR] = 2.50, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.22-5.13, P=.01), female sex (HR = 2.64, CI = 1.29-5.38, P=.008), and history of osteoporosis (HR = 3.23, CI = 1.23-8.50, P=.02) were independent risk factors associated with sacral fracture. Conclusions: Sacral insufficiency fractures after pelvic radiation for rectal carcinoma occur more commonly than previously described. Independent risk factors associated with fracture were osteoporosis, female sex, and age greater than 60 years.

Kim, Han Jo [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri (United States)] [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri (United States); Boland, Patrick J. [Department of Surgery, Orthopaedic Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Surgery, Orthopaedic Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Meredith, Dennis S. [Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, New York, New York (United States)] [Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, New York, New York (United States); Lis, Eric [Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Zhang Zhigang; Shi Weiji [Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Yamada, Yoshiya J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Goodman, Karyn A., E-mail: goodmank@mskcc.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Incidence of Second Malignancies Among Patients Treated With Proton Versus Photon Radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Proton radiation, when compared with photon radiation, allows delivery of increased radiation dose to the tumor while decreasing dose to adjacent critical structures. Given the recent expansion of proton facilities in the United States, the long-term sequelae of proton therapy should be carefully assessed. The objective of this study was to compare the incidence of second cancers in patients treated with proton radiation with a population-based cohort of matched patients treated with photon radiation. Methods and Materials: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 558 patients treated with proton radiation from 1973 to 2001 at the Harvard Cyclotron in Cambridge, MA and 558 matched patients treated with photon therapy in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program cancer registry. Patients were matched by age at radiation treatment, sex, year of treatment, cancer histology, and site. The main outcome measure was the incidence of second malignancies after radiation. Results: We matched 558 proton patients with 558 photon patients from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry. The median duration of follow-up was 6.7 years (interquartile range, 7.4) and 6.0 years (interquartile range, 9.3) in the proton and photon cohorts, respectively. The median age at treatment was 59 years in each cohort. Second malignancies occurred in 29 proton patients (5.2%) and 42 photon patients (7.5%). After we adjusted for sex, age at treatment, primary site, and year of diagnosis, proton therapy was not associated with an increased risk of second malignancy (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.52 [95% confidence interval, 0.32-0.85]; P=.009). Conclusions: The use of proton radiation therapy was not associated with a significantly increased risk of secondary malignancies compared with photon therapy. Longer follow-up of these patients is needed to determine if there is a significant decrease in second malignancies. Given the limitations of the study, these results should be viewed as hypothesis generating.

Chung, Christine S., E-mail: chungc1@sutterhealth.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Alta Bates Summit Medical Center, Berkeley, California (United States); Yock, Torunn I. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Nelson, Kerrie [Department of Biostatistics, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Xu, Yang [Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Keating, Nancy L. [Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Department of General Internal Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Tarbell, Nancy J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Office of the Executive Dean, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Risk Insights Associated with Incident-Free Transportation of Spent Nuclear Fuel To Yucca Mountain Using RADTRAN 5.5  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Yucca Mountain Final Environmental Impact Statement (YM EIS)[1] included an analysis of the environmental impacts associated with the transport of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) from multiple locations across the US to Yucca Mountain for incident-free and accident conditions. While the radiological risks contained in the YM EIS were calculated to be small, it is important to recognize the many conservatisms that were utilized to calculate these risks. This paper identifies conservative assumptions associated with the YM EIS calculation of incident free transportation risk, and provides an estimate of incident free transportation risk using more realistic assumptions. While it is important to use conservative assumptions in the evaluation of the environmental impacts associated with the proposed repository, it is equally important that the public and decision makers understand the conservative nature of the results presented. This paper will provide that perspective regarding the incident free transportation impacts and summarizes the results of a more detailed EPRI report on this subject, 'Assessment of Incident Free Transport Risk for Transport of Spent Nuclear Fuel to Yucca Mountain Using RADTRAN 5.5'. [2] (authors)

Supko, E.M. [Energy Resources International, Inc., 101518 St., NW, Suite 650, Washington, DC 20036 (United States); Kessler, J.H. [Electric Power Research Institute, 1300 West W.T. Harris Blvd., Charlotte NC 28262 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Radioactive material (RAM) transportation accident and incident experience in the U.S.A. (1971--1997)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Radioactive Materials Incident Report (RMIR) database was developed in 1981 at the Transportation Technology Center of Sandia National Laboratories to support its research and development activities for the US Department of Energy (DOE). This database contains information about radioactive materials transportation incidents that have occurred in the US since 1971. These data were drawn from the US Department of Transportation`s (DOT) Hazardous Materials Incident Report system, from Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) files, and from various agencies including state radiological control offices. Support for the RMIR data base is funded by the National Transportation Program (EM-70) of the US Department of Energy. Transportation events in RMIR are classified in one of the following ways: as a transportation accident, as a handling accident, or as a reported incident. This presentation will provide definitions for these classifications and give examples of each. The primary objective of this presentation is to provide information on nuclear materials transportation accident incident events in the US for the period 1971--1997. Among the areas to be examined are: transportation accidents by mode, package response during accidents and an examination of accidents where release of contents has occurred.

McClure, J.D.; Yoshimura, H.R.; Fagan, H.F. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Transportation Systems Analysis Dept.; Thomas, T. [Dept. of Energy National Transportation Program (United States)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Incidence of primary liver cancer and aetiological aspects: a study of a defined population from a low-endemicity area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summary The prevalence of primary liver cancer (PLC) varies throughout the world. It has been attributed to variations in incidence of the predominant histological type, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The incidence of PLC types other than HCC such as cholangiocellular carcinoma (CCC) is far less known, especially in low-incidence areas. The aetiology of HCC and other PLC types is obscure, with the exception of the association between HCC and cirrhosis as well as chronic viral hepatitis. The present retrospective incidence and aetiology study concerns a well-defined population from a period with a high autopsy frequency. Preserved biopsy specimens were re-evaluated histopathologically and patient records were studied. Among 590 histologically verified cases of PLC, HCC constituted 90%, CCC 8 % and a mixed form of these types 1%. At the end of the study period the annual age-standardised incidence rate of HCC was 3.6 cases per 100 000 inhabitants. Other PLC types were hepatoblastoma (n = 3), fibrolamellar carcinoma (n = 2), angiosarcoma (n = 1) and infantile haemangioendothelioma (n = 1), each constituting less than I % of the PLC cases. Comparing HCC with CCC we found that cirrhosis (70%) and alcoholism (21%) was significantly more frequent in HCC, and cholelithiasis was significantly more common (60%) in patients with CCC. In the majority of the PLC cases with liver cirrhosis this disorder was unknown before diagnosis of the tumour.

J Kaczynski; G Hansson; S Wallerstedt

202

A Computational Model Incorporating Neural Stem Cell Dynamics Reproduces Glioma Incidence across the Lifespan in the Human Population  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Glioma is the most common form of primary brain tumor. Demographically, the risk of occurrence increases until old age. Here we present a novel computational model to reproduce the probability of glioma incidence across the lifespan. Previous mathematical models explaining glioma incidence are framed in a rather abstract way, and do not directly relate to empirical findings. To decrease this gap between theory and experimental observations, we incorporate recent data on cellular and molecular factors underlying gliomagenesis. Since evidence implicates the adult neural stem cell as the likely cell-of-origin of glioma, we have incorporated empirically-determined estimates of neural stem cell number, cell division rate, mutation rate and oncogenic potential into our model. We demonstrate that our model yields results which match actual demographic data in the human population. In particular, this model accounts for the observed peak incidence of glioma at approximately 80 years of age, without the need to assert...

Bauer, Roman; Stoll, Elizabeth

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Effect of anisotropy in ground movements caused by tunnelling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents closed-form analytical solutions for estimating far-field ground deformations caused by shallow tunnelling in a linear elastic soil mass with cross-anisotropic stiffness properties. The solutions describe ...

Zymnis, Despina Maria

204

Common cause analysis : a review and extension of existing methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The quantitative common cause analysis code, MOBB, is extended to include uncertainties arising from modelling uncertainties and data uncertainties. Two methods, Monte Carlo simulation and the Method-of-Moments are used ...

Heising, Carolyn D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Mutual Optimism as a Rationalist Cause of War  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geoffrey. 1988. The Causes of War. 3rd ed. New York: FreeExplanations for War. ” In- ternational Organization 49(2007. “Mutual Optimism and War. ” American Journal of

Slantchev, Branislav L

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Comparative Genomic Analysis of Human Fungal Pathogens Causing Paracoccidioidomycosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Paracoccidioides is a fungal pathogen and the cause of paracoccidioidomycosis, a health-threatening human systemic mycosis endemic to Latin America. Infection by Paracoccidioides, a dimorphic fungus in the order Onygenales, ...

Holder, Jason W.

207

Phenomenon of electrization caused by gravitation of massive body  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The value of excess charge in the kernel of massive body (and the opposite in sign excess charge at the surface) caused by the influence of gravitational forces is determined.

D. A. Kirzhnits; A. A. Shatskiy

2000-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

208

Analysis and detection of driver fatigue caused by sleep deprivation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Human errors in attention and vigilance are among the most common causes of transportation accidents. Thus, effective countermeasures are crucial for enhancing road safety. By pursuing a practical and reliable design of ...

Yang, Ji Hyun, 1978-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

alleles causing variable: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

age of a neutral allele as a function of its Slatkin, Montgomery 13 Entropy Shows that Global Warming Should Cause Increased Variability in the Weather Physics (arXiv) Summary:...

210

adherens junctions caused: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of an order of magnitude and the corresponding lifetime of about seven decades. R. Yamapi; G. Filatrella 2014-06-24 497 Deaths: Leading causes for 2001 CiteSeer Summary:...

211

The influence of iodinated casein and high fat diets on the performance and incidence of fatty livers in laying hens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE INl'LUENCE OF IODINATED CASEIN AND HIGH FAT DIETS ON THE PEBFORMANC' AND INCIDENCE OF FATTY LIVERS IN LAYING H"NS A Thesis Loui" Lee Young Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&II Univer -ity in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1967 Major Subject oultry Science THE INPLUENCE OP IODINA'I "D CAS IN AND HIGH FAT DIETS ON THE P, HFOHMAI'JCE AND INCIDENCE OP PATTY LIVENS IN LAYING HENS A Thesis Louis Lee Young Approved...

Young, Louis Lee

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Weekly Security Incident Log Period of Mar 10 -Mar 16, 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gas in the Cafeteria. Enbridge Gas attended and determined the cause to be a pilot light malfunction. The area was ventilated and returned to normal operation. 3/10/2014 06:19 AM Hazardous Substance 2014 locations. The male also attempted to strike up a conversation with the complainant while waiting for a bus

213

National Incident Management System (NIMS) Standards Review Panel Workshop Summary Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The importance and need for full compliant implementation of NIMS nationwide was clearly demonstrated during the Hurricane Katrina event, which was clearly expressed in Secretary Chertoff's October 4, 2005 letter addressed to the State's governors. It states, ''Hurricane Katrina was a stark reminder of how critical it is for our nation to approach incident management in a coordinated, consistent, and efficient manner. We must be able to come together, at all levels of government, to prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from any emergency or disaster. Our operations must be seamless and based on common incident management doctrine, because the challenges we face as a nation are far greater than capabilities of any one jurisdiction.'' The NIMS is a system/architecture for organizing response on a ''national'' level. It incorporations ICS as a main component of that structure (i.e., it institutionalizes ICS in NIMS). In a paper published on the NIMS Website, the following statements were made: ''NIMS represents a core set of doctrine, principles, terminology, and organizational processes to enable effective, efficient and collaborative incident management at all levels. To provide the framework for interoperability and compatibility, the NIMS is based on a balance between flexibility and standardization.'' Thus the NIC is challenged with the need to adopt quality SDO generated standards to support NIMS compliance, but in doing so maintain the flexibility necessary so that response operations can be tailored for the specific jurisdictional and geographical needs across the nation. In support of this large and complex challenge facing the NIC, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was asked to provide technical support to the NIC, through their DHS Science and Technology ? Standards Portfolio Contract, to help identify, review, and develop key standards for NIMS compliance. Upon examining the challenge, the following general process appears to be a reasonable approach for identifying and establishing existing standards that would be applicable to NIMS compliance. The suggested generalized steps to establishing existing SDO generated standards for NIMS compliance are: (1) establish search criteria from the NIMS and its support documents, (2) search SDO databases to identify key existing nationally and/or internationally recognized standards that have potential application to NIMS compliance needs, (3) review the identified standards against the specific component needs of the NIMS, (4) identify the pertinent aspects/components of those identified standards that clearly address specific NIMS compliance needs, (5) establish a process to adopt the pertinent standards, which includes the generation of formalized FEMA Guidance that identifies the specific NIMS component compliance needs addressed in the respective standard, (6) develop performance criteria for which to measure compliance with the identified NIMS components addressed by the respective adopted standard, and (7) adopt the standard, publish the guidance and performance criteria, and incorporate it into routine FEMA/NIC NIMS management operations. This review process will also help identify real gaps in standards for which new NIMS specific standards should be developed. To jump start this process and hopefully identify some key ''low hanging fruit'' standards the NIC could use to begin such a process, a panel of first-responder experts (familiar with the current standards of common use in the first-responder community) from various response disciplines was formed and a workshop held. The workshop included a pre-workshop information gathering process. This report discusses the workshop and its findings in detail.

Stenner, Robert D.; Kirk, Jennifer L.; Stanton, James R.; Shebell, Peter; Schwartz, Deborah S.; Judd, Kathleen S.; Gelston, Gariann M.

2006-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

214

Los Alamos National Laboratory's environmental surveillance and radiological emergency vehicle and the Co-60 incident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 4-wheel drive van has been outfitted at Los Alamos for environmental surveillance and radiological emergencies. The van's capabilities were described at this conference in 1982. The rapid gamma search and spectral analysis capabilities were utilized in conjunction with the cobalt-60 (/sup 60/Co) teletherapy source incident in Juarez, Mexico. Assistance was requested by the State of New Mexico (through DOE/Albuquerque Area Office) in January 1984 to perform initial in-situ isotopic identification of the contaminated steel that was first discovered in the United States by Los Alamos. The van's capabilities were again called upon in March 1984 to survey the New Mexico highways using the highly sensitive delta count rate monitoring system for /sup 60/Co pellets that may have been tracked into the state. This paper provides (1) setup and results of the surveys conducted with the van, (2) interactions with the press, and (3) an evaluation of the van's usefulness in such an emergency response. 2 references, 5 figures.

Van Etten, D.M.; Ahlquist, A.J.; Hansen, W.R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

INCIDENCE OF Mg II ABSORPTION SYSTEMS TOWARD FLAT-SPECTRUM RADIO QUASARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The conventional wisdom that the rate of incidence of Mg II absorption systems, dN/dz (excluding 'associated systems' having a velocity {beta}c relative to the active galactic nucleus (AGN) of less than {approx}5000 km s{sup -1}), is totally independent of the background AGNs has been challenged by a recent finding that dN/dz for strong Mg II absorption systems toward distant blazars is 2.2 {+-} {sup 0.8}{sub 0.6} times the value known for normal optically selected quasars (QSOs). This has led to the suggestion that a significant fraction of even the absorption systems with {beta} as high as {approx}0.1 may have been ejected by the relativistic jets in the blazars, which are expected to be pointed close to our direction. Here, we investigate this scenario using a large sample of 115 flat-spectrum radio-loud quasars (FSRQs) that also possess powerful jets, but are only weakly polarized. We show, for the first time, that dN/dz toward FSRQs is, on the whole, quite similar to that known for QSOs and that the comparative excess of strong Mg II absorption systems seen toward blazars is mainly confined to {beta} < 0.15. The excess relative to FSRQs probably results from a likely closer alignment of blazar jets with our direction; hence, any gas clouds accelerated by them are more likely to be on the line of sight to the active quasar nucleus.

Chand, Hum [Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Manora Peak, Nainital 263 129 (India); Gopal-Krishna, E-mail: hum@aries.res.in, E-mail: krishna@ncra.tifr.res.in [NCRA-TIFR, Pune University Campus, Pune 411 007 (India)

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

216

Of Disasters and Dragon Kings: A Statistical Analysis of Nuclear Power Incidents & Accidents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide, and perform a risk theoretic statistical analysis of, a dataset that is 75 percent larger than the previous best dataset on nuclear incidents and accidents, comparing three measures of severity: INES (International Nuclear Event Scale), radiation released, and damage dollar losses. The annual rate of nuclear accidents, with size above 20 Million US$, per plant, decreased from the 1950s until dropping significantly after Chernobyl (April, 1986). The rate is now roughly stable at 0.002 to 0.003, i.e., around 1 event per year across the current fleet. The distribution of damage values changed after Three Mile Island (TMI; March, 1979), where moderate damages were suppressed but the tail became very heavy, being described by a Pareto distribution with tail index 0.55. Further, there is a runaway disaster regime, associated with the "dragon-king" phenomenon, amplifying the risk of extreme damage. In fact, the damage of the largest event (Fukushima; March, 2011) is equal to 60 percent of the total damag...

Wheatley, Spencer; Sornette, Didier

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

A new parameterization of canopy spectral response to incident solar radiation: case study with hyperspectral data from pine dominant forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new parameterization of canopy spectral response to incident solar radiation: case study, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland c Finnish Forest Research Institute, Suonenjoki Research Station, FIN-77600 Suonenjoki, Finland d VTT Automation, Remote Sensing Group, FIN-02044 VTT, Finland Received 27

Myneni, Ranga B.

218

Grazing incidence liquid metal mirrors (GILMM) for radiation hardened final optics for laser inertial fusion energy power plants*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

final optics in a laser inertial fusion energy (IFE) power plant. The amount of laser light the GILMM1 Grazing incidence liquid metal mirrors (GILMM) for radiation hardened final optics for laser inertial fusion energy power plants* R. W. Moir November 29, 1999 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

California at Los Angeles, University of

219

A Spatio-Temporal exploratory analysis of pipe-failure incidents in the Water Distribution Network of Limassol, Cyprus   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the degradation of the WDN of Limassol. The distribution of pipe-failure incidents was studied at the level of District Metered Areas (DMA) boundary classifications and at the location level using point-pattern analysis methodologies. A modified version...

Gagatsis, Anastasios

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

220

Learning of the rootfactors of incidents potentially impacting the biofuel supply chains from some 100 significant cases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Learning of the rootfactors of incidents potentially impacting the biofuel supply chains from some.riviere(cb.ineris.fr guy.marlair@iineris.fr alexis. vignestcbjneris.fr Abstract A biofuel is most often defined as a liquid. There are numerous potential supply chains for the production of biofuels, depending on feedstock, conventional

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Incidence and carrier frequency of Sandhoff disease in Saskatchewan determined using a novel substrate with detection by tandem mass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incidence and carrier frequency of Sandhoff disease in Saskatchewan determined using a novel a a Molecular Diagnostics, Saskatchewan Disease Control Laboratory, 5 Research Drive, Regina, SK S4S 0A4, Canada occurrence of Sandhoff disease in northern Saskatchewan. Newborn screening cards from northern Saskatchewan

Gelb, Michael

222

PHYSICAL REVIEW C 81, 014607 (2010) Fission fragment mass and energy distributions as a function of incident neutron energy measured  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and Nuclear Engineering, NES 1-25, 110 8th Street, Troy, New York 12180, USA 2 Los Alamos National Lab, Los; published 19 January 2010) A new method of measuring fission fragment mass and energy distributions as a function of incident neutron energy are necessary for accurate, detailed neutronics calculations for new

Danon, Yaron

223

Geophys. J. Int. (2002) 151, 501510 On the duration of seismic motion incident onto the Valley of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Mexico for subduction zone earthquakes Nikolai M. Shapiro,1, Kim B. Olsen2 and Shri K. Singh1 1Deportamento de Sismolog´ia y Vulcanolog´ia, Instituto de Geof´isica, UNAM, CP 04510, M´exico, DF, M´exico 2 motion incident onto the Valley of Mexico for subduc- tion zone earthquakes. Our simulations suggest

Olsen, Kim Bak

224

INTRACRANIAL INJURY AND MORTALITY ASSOCIATED WITH MOTORCYCLE-RELATED HOSPITALIZATIONS: DIFFERENCES IN INCIDENCE AND COSTS ON THE BASIS OF UNIVERSAL MOTORCYCLE HELMET USE LEGISLATION IN THE UNITED STATES.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Intracranial Injury and Mortality Associated with Motorcycle-related Hospitalizations: Differences in Incidence and Costs on the Basis of Universal Motorcycle Helmet Use Legislation in the United… (more)

Parker, Brenda Marie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

A climate-soil-crop model to evaluate drought incidence and severity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

evaluation models. This definitely would have resulted in the "detec- tion" of "droughts" that were not real droughts and in the failure to detect real droughts as droughts are not 14 always caused by lack of rain. In several parts of Australia... winds are mainly responsible for the very high evapotran- spiration rates and the consequent drought. Therefore, in such areas, the use of rainfall data alone to detect and quantify drought would be a meaningless exercise. Later Im roved Models...

Puvirajasinghe, Patrick

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Causes of Mortality After Dose-Escalated Radiation Therapy and Androgen Deprivation for High-Risk Prostate Cancer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Men with high-risk prostate cancer have other competing causes of mortality; however, current risk stratification schema do not account for comorbidities. We aim to identify the causes of death and factors predictive for mortality in this population. Methods and Materials: A total of 660 patients with high-risk prostate cancer were treated with definitive high-dose external beam radiation therapy (?74 Gy) and androgen deprivation (AD) between 1996 and 2009 at a single institution. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was conducted to determine factors predictive of survival. Results: The median radiation dose was 78 Gy, median duration of AD was 6 months, and median follow-up was 74 months. The 10-year overall survival (OS) was 60.6%. Prostate cancer was the leading single cause of death, with 10-year mortality of 14.1% (95% CI 10.7-17.6), compared with other cancers (8.4%, 95% CI 5.7-11.1), cardiovascular disease (7.3%, 95% CI 4.7-9.9), and all other causes (10.4%, 95% CI 7.2-13.6). On multivariate analysis, older age (HR 1.55, P=.002) and Charlson comorbidity index score (CS) ?1 (HR 2.20, P<.0001) were significant factors predictive of OS, whereas Gleason score, T stage, prostate-specific antigen, duration of AD, radiation dose, smoking history, and body mass index were not. Men younger than 70 years of age with CS = 0 were more likely to die of prostate cancer than any other cause, whereas older men or those with CS ?1 more commonly suffered non-prostate cancer death. The cumulative incidences of prostate cancer-specific mortality were similar regardless of age or comorbidities (P=.60). Conclusions: Men with high-risk prostate cancer are more likely to die of causes other than prostate cancer, except for the subgroup of men younger than 70 years of age without comorbidities. Only older age and presence of comorbidities significantly predicted for OS, whereas prostate cancer- and treatment-related factors did not.

Tendulkar, Rahul D., E-mail: tendulr@ccf.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio (United States); Hunter, Grant K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Intermountain Healthcare, Salt Lake City, Utah (United States); Reddy, Chandana A.; Stephans, Kevin L.; Ciezki, Jay P.; Abdel-Wahab, May [Department of Radiation Oncology, Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio (United States); Stephenson, Andrew J.; Klein, Eric A. [Department of Urology, Glickman Urological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio (United States); Mahadevan, Arul [Seacoast Cancer Center New Hampshire, Dover, New Hampshire (United States); Kupelian, Patrick A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Los Angeles Health System, Los Angeles, California (United States)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Some comments on the possible causes of climate change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate change is an important current issue and there is much debate about the causes and effects. This article examines the changes in our climate, comparing the recent changes with those in the past. There have been changes in temperature, resulting in an average global rise over the last 300 years, as well as widespread melting of snow and ice, and rising global average sea level. There are many theories for the causes of the recent change in the climate, including some natural and some human influenced. The most widely believed cause of the climate change is increasing levels of Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and as the atmosphere plays an important role in making our planet inhabitable, it is important to understand it in order to protect it. However, there are other theories for the cause of climate change, the Sun and cosmic rays, for example, are felt by some to have a significant role to play. There is also well-established evidence that the three Milankovitch cycles change the amount and alter the distribution of sunlight over the Earth, heating and cooling it. There are many influences on our planet and they all have differing levels of impact. The purpose of this article is to review the present overall position and urge open, reasoned discussion of the problem.

L. Padget; J. Dunning-Davies

2008-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

228

Common cause and contextual realization of Bell correlation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Considering the common cause principle, we construct a local-contextual hidden-variable model for the Bohm version of EPR experiment. Our proposed model can reproduce the predictions of quantum mechanics. It can be also extended to classical examples in which similar correlations may be revealed.

Shafiee, A. [Department of Chemistry, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9516, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: shafiee@sharif.edu; Maleeh, R. [Department of Philosophy of Science, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9161, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Golshani, M. [Department of Physics, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9161, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Institutes for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

229

Are invasive species a major cause of extinctions?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Are invasive species a major cause of extinctions? Jessica Gurevitch and Dianna K. Padilla species invasions and the extinction of natives is widely accepted by scientists as well species on extinctions. Greater clarity in our under- standing of these patterns will help us to focus

Padilla, Dianna

230

Causes and Consequences of Extinction Michael J. Benton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VI.13 Causes and Consequences of Extinction Michael J. Benton OUTLINE 1. Species extinction 2. Some Extinction. The sudden, worldwide loss of many species of diverse ecologies. Morphospecies. A species defined. Pseudoextinction. "Extinction" of a species when it evolves into another species. Red Queen. The model

Benton, Michael

231

Invasive species are a leading cause of animal extinctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Invasive species are a leading cause of animal extinctions Miguel Clavero and Emili Garci and extinctions of species is unproven. They analyzed the IUCN Red List database [2] and stated that only 6% of the taxa are threatened with extinction as a result of invasion by alien species and !2% (ten terrestrial

García-Berthou, Emili

232

Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation P. Sofronis, I. M. Robertson, D. D. Johnson University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop% · Contractor share: 25% · Barriers ­ Hydrogen embrittlement of pipelines and remediation (mixing with water

233

Testing Database-Centric Applications For Causes of Database Deadlocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Testing Database-Centric Applications For Causes of Database Deadlocks Mark Grechanik, B. M. Mainul--Many organizations deploy applications that use databases by sending Structured Query Language (SQL) state- ments the same databases concurrently, database deadlocks routinely occur in these databases. Testing

Grechanik, Mark

234

Know the Facts Lead poisoning is caused by swallowing or  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Protect Your Family 1. Test your home for lead. · If you live in a home built before 1978, have your home are most at risk. If you are pregnant, lead can harm your baby. Lead can cause learning and behavior on their hands and toys. FACT A lead test is the only way to know if your child has lead poisoning. Most

235

Non-local common cause explanations for EPR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper argues that a causal explanation of the correlated outcomes of EPR-type experiments is desirable and possible. It shows how Bohmian mechanics and the GRW mass density theory offer such an explanation in terms of a non-local common cause.

Egg, Matthias

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

What is the probability that radiation caused a particular cancer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Courts, lawyers, health physicists, physicians, and others are searching for a credible answer to the question posed in the title of this paper. The cases in which the question arises frequently stem from an individual that has cancer and they, or their next-of-kin, are convinced that a past radiation exposure - usually small - is responsible for causing it. An arithmetic expression of this problem is simple: the probability of causation by the radiation dose in question is equal to the risk of cancer from the radiation dose divided by the risk of cancer from all causes. The application of risk factors to this equation is not so simple. It must involve careful evaluation of the reliability of and variations in risk coefficients for development of cancer due to radiation exposure, other carcinogenic agents, and natural causes for the particular individual. Examination of our knowledge of these various factors indicates that a large range in the answers can result due to the variability and imprecision of the data. Nevertheless, the attempts to calculate and the probability that radiation caused the cancer is extremely useful to provide a gross perspective on the probability of causation. It will likely rule in or out a significant number of cases despite the limitations in our understandings of the etiology of cancer and the risks from various factors. For the remaining cases, a thoughtful and educated judgment based on selected data and circumstances of the case will also be needed before the expert can develop and support his opinion.

Voelz, G.L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Ethanol Tolerance Caused by slowpoke Induction in Drosophila  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ethanol Tolerance Caused by slowpoke Induction in Drosophila Roshani B. Cowmeadow, Harish R in the ethanol response. Caenorhabditis elegans carrying mutations in this gene have altered ethanol sensitivity and Drosophila mutant for this gene are unable to acquire rapid tolerance to ethanol or anesthetics

Atkinson, Nigel

238

Erroneous coal maturity assessment caused by low temperature oxidation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Erroneous coal maturity assessment caused by low temperature oxidation Y. Copard J. R. Disnar, J. F on different outcrop coals from the French Massif Central revealed abnormally high Tmax values, which initially observed for medium to low volatile bituminous coals (Rr1.5%), was accompanied by a very clear exponential

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

239

Year Peach Variety Fruit Incid. (%) Surf. Lesions (%) Deep Lesions (%) Leaf Lesions/Defol. (%) 2002 O'Henry 2 2 0 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Year Peach Variety Fruit Incid. (%) Surf. Lesions (%) Deep Lesions (%) Leaf Lesions/Defol. (%) 2002 (Based on and modified after David Ritchie, 2011) Years with higher incidence of diseased fruit and where fruit developed deep lesions had frequent and extended periods of precipitation during the period

Ishida, Yuko

240

Analysis of Pump-Turbine S Instability and Reverse Waterhammer Incidents in Hydropower Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydraulic systems continually experience dynamic transients or oscillations which threaten the hydroelectric plant from extreme water hammer pressures or resonance. In particular, the minimum pressure variations downstream of the turbine runner during the load rejection or other events may cause dangerous water column separation and subsequent rejoinder. Water column separation can be easily observed from the measurements of site transient tests, and has indeed caused serious historical damages to the machine and water conveyance system. Several technical issues regarding water column separation in draft tubes, including S instability of turbine characteristic curves, numerical instability and uncertainty of computer programs, are discussed here through case studies and available model and site test data. Catastrophic accidents experienced at a Kaplan turbine and in a long tailrace tunnel project, as well as other troubles detected in a more timely fashion, are revisited in order to demonstrate the severity of reverse water hammer. However, as there is no simple design solutions for such complex systems, this paper emphasizes that the design of hydraulic systems is always difficult, difficulties that are compounded when the phenomena in question are non-linear (water hammer), dynamic (involving wave interaction and complex devices of turbines, controls, and electrical systems), and non-monotonic (severity of response is seldom simply connected to severity of load as with vibrations and resonance, and the complexity of transient loads), and thus may lead to high economic and safety challenges and consequences.

Pejovic, Dr. Stanislav [University of Toronto] [University of Toronto; Zhang, Qin Fen [ORNL] [ORNL; Karney, Professor Byran W. [University of Toronto] [University of Toronto; Gajic, Prof. Aleksandar [University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia] [University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Accident investigation of the electrical shock incident at the PG and E PVUSA site Davis, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the findings of the Accident Investigation Team (Team) assembled in response to a request from Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG and E) to the US Department of Energy (DOE) to understand the events surrounding the electric shock of a worker at the PVUSA site in Davis, California and to provide recommendations to prevent such events from recurring. The report gives complete details on the sequence of events surrounding the accident and identifies 27 facts related to accident itself. Four technical deficiencies in the electrical systems which require further investigation were identified. The Team believes that the root cause of this accident was related to the absence of a proactive organizational entity responsible for overall health and safety on the site. Two contributing factors were identified. First, the prototype nature and associated operational difficulties of the electrical inverter resulted in large maintenance demands. Second, several of the injured employee`s co-workers noted that he occasionally failed to use appropriate personal protective equipment, but they never reported this practice to management. The direct cause of this accident was the failure of the injured employee to wear appropriate personal protective equipment (i.e., rubber gloves). Based on the review of the facts established in this investigation, five recommendations are presented to the funding agencies to reduce the possibility of future accidents at the PVUSA site.

Jacobson, L.; Moskowitz, P.D.; Garrett, J.O.; Tyler, R.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Selenium Poisoning of Wildlife and Western Agriculture: Cause and Effect  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project examined the hypothesis that selenium contamination is not the principal cause of the decline of endemic fish species in the Upper Colorado Basin. Activities employed to test this hypothesis included a reconnaissance of locations altered by recent road construction, a re-interpretation of available literature regarding selenium toxicity, and the interpretation of unpublished data obtained from the Upper Colorado Basin Fish Recovery Program. The project demonstrates that most of the evidence implicating selenium is circumstantial.

Korte, N.E.

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

A Migrated Aortic Stent Graft Causing Erosive Spondylopathy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report about a patient presenting with back pain 4 months after an uneventful endovascular implantation of an aortic stent graft. Computed tomography scan revealed a migration of the stent with consecutive endoleakage, kink formation, and movement of the stent toward the spine, which caused destruction of the aortic wall as well as vertebral necrosis. Explantation of the stent and replacement of the native aorta relieved the patient of his symptoms.

Gestrich, Christopher, E-mail: christopher.gestrich@ukb.uni-bonn.de; Probst, Chris, E-mail: chris.probst@ukb.uni-bonn.de [Universitaetsklinikum Bonn, Department of Cardiac Surgery (Germany)] [Universitaetsklinikum Bonn, Department of Cardiac Surgery (Germany); Wilhelm, Kai, E-mail: kai.wilhelm@ek-bonn.de [Johanniterkrankenhaus Bonn, Department of Radiology (Germany)] [Johanniterkrankenhaus Bonn, Department of Radiology (Germany); Schiller, Wolfgang, E-mail: wolfgang.schiller@ukb.uni-bonn.de [Universitaetsklinikum Bonn, Department of Cardiac Surgery (Germany)] [Universitaetsklinikum Bonn, Department of Cardiac Surgery (Germany)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

The Causes and Consequences of Congressional Endorsements in Presidential Primaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF CONGRESSIONAL ENDORSEMENTS IN PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARIES A Dissertation by CHRISTOPHER LEIF ANDERSON Submitted to the O ce of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment... 2013 Christopher Leif Anderson ABSTRACT Little is known about why elected o cials choose to get involved in presidential nomination struggles. Recent research argues that elected o cials have a collective incentive to nominate an electorally viable...

Anderson, Christopher

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

245

Survey of historical incidences with Controls-Structures Interaction and recommended technology improvements needed to put hardware in space  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) conducted a survey for the Controls-Structures Interaction (CSI) Office of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Langley Research Center. The purpose of the survey was to collect information documenting past incidences of problems with CSI during design, analysis, ground development, test and/or flight operation of space systems in industry. The survey was conducted to also compile recommended improvements in technology to support future needs for putting hardware into space. 3 refs., 1 tab.

Ketner, G.L.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

The incidence of burnout or compassion fatigue in medical dosimetrists as a function of various stress and psychologic factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: Burnout and compassion fatigue (CF) adversely affect medical professionals, including those employed in radiation oncology. Previously conducted research acknowledged the presence of burnout in populations of radiation therapists, radiation oncologists, and oncology nursing staff. The aim of the following research was to measure the incidence of burnout or CF in the specific population of medical dosimetrists surveyed. As professional members of the radiation oncology team, this group had not been included in published research data to date. The hypothesis of the subsequent study stated that a comparable incidence of burnout would be observed among medical dosimetrists as had been reported by earlier researchers for a population of radiation therapists. A survey tool based on the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and distributed to full members of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists (AAMD) was utilized as the research measurement method. Results obtained indicated an incidence rates of burnout or CF for medical dosimetrists were less than the rates previously measured for radiation therapists (53% vs 11% for emotional exhaustion [EE] and 45% vs 27% for depersonalization [DP]). The incidence of burnout was based on the Burnout Inventory (BI) developed for the research project. Each of the subscales, EE, DP, and decreased personal accomplishment (PA), was considered and analyzed independently. Although not as prevalent among medical dosimetrists as a variety of additional radiation oncology professionals, a significant portion of the population demonstrated signs of burnout or CF. Future concerns abound for the population of medical dosimetrists as a large number of members scored positive for intermediate risk of burnout and CF. Additionally, a large portion of the population was found to be rapidly approaching retirement.

Howard, Michelle, E-mail: Mhoward24601@yahoo.com [University of Wisconsin—La Crosse, WI 54601 (United States)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Upgrading RESRAD-RDD and Planning for Improvised Nuclear Device Incidents--The RESRAD-RDD&IND  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Upgrading RESRAD-RDD and Planning for Improvised Nuclear Device Incidents--The RESRAD-RDD&IND Abstract: The RESRAD-RDD code was developed through the interagency Operational Guidelines Task Group (OGT) to assist decision makers, emergency responders, and emergency preparedness planners for response to radiological dispersal device incidents (RDD). The RESRAD-RDD code was released as a companion software tool in 2009 to support the OGT Manual—Preliminary Report on Operational Guidelines Developed for Use in Emergency Preparedness and Response to a Radiological Dispersal Device Incident (DOE/HS-0001). The original RESRAD-RDD code was Microsoft Excel based software with the user interface written in Visual Basic. This version of RESRAD-RDD is being converted to a database driven software that runs on Windows 7 operating system in the .NET environment. The new RESRAD-RDD code is being tested to make sure it reproduces old code results. The new code runs faster than the old spreadsheets code by a factor of 10 or so, fewer clicks are required for the same calculations, operational guidelines can be easily located, and the reports can be written to PDFs instead of HTML. Additional radionuclides are also being added to the new RESRAD-RDD code. An Improvised Nuclear Device (IND) scenario is also being added to the code and about 44 - 60 radionuclides will be added to handle IND incident. A new OGT Task Group is in the process of updating the OGT Manual and providing guidance on the development of the IND scenario and methodology. The new code, RESRAD-RDD&IND is expected to be released in early 2015. Charley Yu*, Argonne National Laboratory ; Carlos Corredor, U.S. Department of Energy; Jing-Jy Cheng, Argonne National Laboratory; Sunita Kamboj, Argonne National Laboratory; David LePoire, Argonne National Laboratory; Paul Flood, Argonne National Laboratory

248

Mercury and cause of death in great white herons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mercury contamination is suspected to adversely affect wading birds in southern Florida. To determine the magnitude of contamination associated with cause of death we followed 3 adult and 19 juvenile radio-tagged great white herons (Ardea herodias occidentalis), recovered them soon after death, and determined liver mercury content and cause of death. Birds that died from acute causes had less (P < 0.001) mercury in their livers (geometric [bar x] [GM] = 1.77 ppm wet mass [wm], range 0.6-4.0 ppm, n = 9) than did those that died of chronic, often multiple, diseases (GM = 9.76 ppm, range 2.9-59.4 ppm, n = 13). Juvenile herons that migrated to mainland Florida accumulated more (P = 0.009) mercury in their livers than those that did not migrate. Kidney disease and gout were present in birds that died with >25 ppm wm liver mercury. Although detrimental to the health of wading birds, mercury contamination is presumably more detrimental to their reproductive efforts; therefore, an understanding of its ill effects is important in the management of these birds. 29 refs., 1 fig.

Spalding, M.G.; Sundlof, S.F. (Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)); Djork, R.D.; Powell, G.V.N. (National Audobon Research, Tavernier, FL (United States))

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Soluble transition metals cause the pro-inflammatory effects of welding fumes in vitro   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Epidemiological studies have consistently reported a higher incidence of respiratory illnesses such as bronchitis, metal fume fever (MFF), and chronic pneumonitis among welders exposed to high concentrations of metal-enriched ...

McNeilly, Jane D; Heal, Mathew R; Beverland, Iain J; Howe, Alan; Gibson, Mark D; Hibbs, Leon; MacNee, William; Donaldson, Ken

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Chapter XVIII An e'Learn ing Portal to Teach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Grunwald University ofFlorida, USA B. Hoover University ~/Florida, USA G.L. Bruland University ofHawai 'i

Grunwald, Sabine

251

General Motors Perspective Dr.-Ing.Wolfgang Oelerich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

carbon fiber composite vessels Range: 320 km Over 2.5 million km (1.5 million miles) More than 19 measures to increase effective composite strength: Materials: fiber strength variability, translation Tank cost sources: Carbon fiber 40%, other 60% Hydrogen storage system costs are linear in Hydrogen

252

Leadership in Challenging Times InspIrIng greatness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Christenson Arnold Fishman Sandra Kenney TRAFFIC MANAGER Karen Duarte PROJECT COORDINATORS Leslie Bucci '77 depression, allstate was launched, W.K. Kellogg doubled his advertising spending,and p&g became a marketing

Blais, Brian

253

The physical function-ing of a city sometimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

time and space scales ­ hence they are important and must be incorporated in weather, air pollution combustion (C) from vehicles, industry and buildings rather than the biological processes of photosynthesis of energy and water can be affected dramatically by the specific construction mate- rials, land cover

254

Center for Biotechnology Prof. Dr.-Ing. Gerhard Sagerer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

developed innovative new courses of study which attract gifted students from all over the world. The CeBiTec not only shines in the international world of science; it also has important cooperation partners in many such as the application of biofuels, and for new microscope techniques, to name just a few. The CeBiTec has continually

Moeller, Ralf

255

Investigador Departamento Nazario Ramrez, PhD Ing. Industrial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Setup, maintain, analyze data from energy balance stations UPR Agricultural Experiment Station at Juana of atmospheric patterns on water quality Atmospheric measurements of air pollution in Mayagüuez city Julio M

Gilbes, Fernando

256

STEM-ing the Tide | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energy fromCommentsRevolving STATEMENT OF MELANIE KENDERDINE

257

Sandia National Laboratories: concentrates sunlight onto a fall-ing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1development Sandia, NREL Releasehy-drogen poweracquisitionscience Caterpillar,curtain

258

12 MOMENTUM SPrINg we can improve such processes."  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

down cellulose into starch and then into ethanol. And it's this processing that is the focus of animal or fiber into glucose and, ultimately, ethanol must be able to survive the high flow-through rate involved- ate fuel. There's even one microor- ganism in the rumen that converts fiber directly into ethanol

Hamza, Iqbal

259

Computational pproach to the Statistical echanics of rotein ol ing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1995 bstract A statistical mechanical approach to the protein folding problem is devel- oped based of the statistical mechanics of protein folding by com- puter simulation. Even though we have taken advantage of new". A theoretical understanding of the protein-folding problem, i.e. how proteins fold to their native states from

Istrail, Sorin

260

New insights into microbial responses to oil spills from the Deepwater Horizon incident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On April 20, 2010, a catastrophic eruption of methane caused the Deepwater Horizon exploratory drill rig drilling the Macondo Well in Mississippi Canyon Block 252 (MC252) to explode. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was unprecendeted for several reasons: the volume of oil released; the spill duration; the well depth; the distance from the shore-line (77 km or about 50 miles); the type of oil (light crude); and the injection of dispersant directly at the wellhead. This study clearly demonstrated that there was a profound and significant response by certain members of the in situ microbial community in the deep-sea in the Gulf of Mexico. In particular putative hydrocarbon degrading Bacteria appeared to bloom in response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, even though the temperature at these depths is never >5 C. As the plume aged the shifts in the microbial community on a temporal scale suggested that different, yet metabolically important members of the community were able to respond to a myriad of plume constituents, e.g. shifting from propane/ethane to alkanes and finally to methane. Thus, the biodegradation of hydrocarbons in the plume by Bacteria was a highly significant process in the natural attenuation of many compounds released during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.

Mason, O.U.; Hazen, T.C.

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

E-Print Network 3.0 - alport syndrome caused Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

syndrome caused Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alport syndrome caused Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Update in podocyte biology...

262

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution caused Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

caused Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution caused Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Geology, Society and the Environmental...

263

Responding to Terrorist Incidents in Your Community: Flammable-Liquid Fire Fighting Techniques for Municipal and Rural Firefighters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Nevada, Reno Fire Science Academy (FSA) applied for grant funding to develop and deliver programs for municipal, rural, and volunteer firefighters. The FSA specializes in preparing responders for a variety of emergency events, including flammable liquid fires resulting from accidents, intentional acts, or natural disasters. Live fire training on full scale burnable props is the hallmark of FSA training, allowing responders to practice critical skills in a realistic, yet safe environment. Unfortunately, flammable liquid live fire training is often not accessible to municipal, rural, or volunteer firefighters due to limited department training budgets, even though most department personnel will be exposed to flammable liquid fire incidents during the course of their careers. In response to this training need, the FSA developed a course during the first year of the grant (Year One), Responding to Terrorist Incidents in Your Community: Flammable-Liquid Fire Fighting Techniques for Municipal and Rural Firefighters. During the three years of the grant, a total of 2,029 emergency responders received this training. In Year Three, two new courses, a train-the-trainer for Responding to Terrorist Incidents in Your Community and Management of Large-Scale Disasters for Public Officials were developed and pilot tested during the Real-World Disaster Management Conference held at the FSA in June of 2007. Two research projects were conducted during Years Two and Three. The first, conducted over a two year period, evaluated student surveys regarding the value of the flammable liquids training received. The second was a needs assessment conducted for rural Nevada. Both projects provided important feedback and a basis for curricula development and improvements.

Denise Baclawski

2010-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

264

INCIDENT INVESTIGATION FORM I. Incident Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Authority Fire or Explosion Hazard No PPE Failure to Warn/Secure Inadequate Ventilation/Lighting Department/Location __________________ ______ AM/PM S M T W T F S _____ ____________________________ II Work Area Safety Rule Not Enforced Improper PPE or PPE Not Used Hazardous Substance Operating Without

Heller, Barbara

265

The incidence of popular complaints of farmers on land compensation : a case study of two villages in Dalian, Liaoning Province, China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The thesis analyzed the reason for the incidence of lodging popular complaints triggered by a land requisition in two villages in Dalian, Liaoning Province, China. The thesis only took the popular protests on land compensation ...

Li, Li, S.M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

AN INDEPENDENT MEASUREMENT OF THE INCIDENCE OF Mg II ABSORBERS ALONG GAMMA-RAY BURST SIGHT LINES: THE END OF THE MYSTERY?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 2006, Prochter et al. reported a statistically significant enhancement of very strong Mg II absorption systems intervening the sight lines to gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) relative to the incidence of such absorption along ...

Cucchiara, A.

267

Pre-equilibrium mechanisms in the93Nb(p,alpha) inclusive reaction at incident energies from 65 to 160 MeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The reaction mechanism of pre-equilibrium proton-induced $\\alpha $-particle emission from 93Nb at an incident energy of 100 MeV was investigated with polarized projectiles. A formalism based on the statistical multistep direct emission model of Feshbach, Kerman and Koonin was found to give a reasonably good reproduction of cross section and analyzing power angular distributions at various emission energies. Existing experimental distributions for the same reaction at an incident energy of 65 MeV were also analyzed with the same model. The incident-energy variation from 65 MeV up to 160 MeV was found to be consistent with the predictions of the basic model. However, whereas knockout of an $\\alpha $ cluster is the dominant reaction mechanism in the final stage at the lowest- and highest incident energies, at 100 MeV a pickup process competes with comparable intensity in yield.

S. S. Dimitrova; A. A. Cowley; E. V. Zemlyanaya; K. V. Lukyanov

2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

268

Are BKME effects on fish caused by chlorinated compounds?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Much of the debate about the use and environmental impacts of chlorinated compounds has been fueled by attempts to regulate the effluents discharged by pulp and paper mills. Swedish field studies have associated effects on fish health and reproduction with the discharge of AOX. A recent study has demonstrated that the effect of black liquor is three orders of magnitude more potent than the first chlorine dioxide bleachery effluent on fish. Black liquors from various pulp mills, including a mill which uses alcohol to extract lignin, also suggest that effects on fish could be caused by non-chlorinated wood extractives, Chemical analysis of isolated fractions from final BKME effluent and pure compound bioassays also indicate the high probability that non-chlorinated compounds may be responsible for fish effects. While chlorination may increase the potency of these compounds, it is clear that chlorine is not essential for effects on fish.

Burnison, B.K.; Hodson, P.V.; Parrott, J. [National Water Research Institute, Ontario (Canada)] [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

269

Redistribution of Lignin Caused by Dilute Acid Pretreatment of Biomass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research conducted at NREL has shown that lignin undergoes a phase transition during thermochemical pretreatments conducted above its glass transition temperature. The lignin coalesces within the plant cell wall and appears as microscopic droplets on cell surfaces. It is clear that pretreatment causes significant changes in lignin distribution in pretreatments at all scales from small laboratory reactors to pilot scale reactors. A method for selectively extracting lignin droplets from the surfaces of pretreated cell walls has allowed us to characterize the chemical nature and molecular weight distribution of this fraction. The effect of lignin redistribution on the digestibility of pretreated solids has also been tested. It is clear that removal of the droplets increases the digestibility of pretreated corn stover. The improved digestibility could be due to decreased non-specific binding of enzymes to lignin in the droplets, or because the droplets no longer block access to cellulose.

Johnson, D. K.; Donohoe, B. S.; Katahira, R.; Tucker, M. P.; Vinzant, T. B.; Himmel, M. E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Magnification of mantle resonance as a cause of tectonics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variance spectral analysis of superconducting gravimeter (SG) decadal data (noise inclusive) suggests conceptually that the Earth tectonogenesis could in part be based on magnification of the mantle mechanical resonance, in addition to previously hypothesized causes. Aanalogously to the atmospheric tidal forcing of global high frequency free oscillation, I propose that the Moon synodically recurring pull could likewise drive the long-periodic (12 to 120 minutes) oscillation of the Earth. To demonstrate this, I show that the daily magnitudes of mass (gravity) oscillation, as a relative measure of the Earth kinetic energy, get synodically periodic while correlating up to 0.97 with seismic energies on the day of shallow and 3 days before deep earthquakes. The forced oscillator equations for the mantle usual viscosity and the Earth springtide and grave mode periods successfully model an identical 3 days phase. Finally, whereas reports on gravest earthquakes (of around M9.5) put the maximum coseismic displacement ...

Omerbashich, M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Root Cause Analysis of Gastroduodenal Ulceration After Yttrium-90 Radioembolization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

IntroductionA root cause analysis was performed on the occurrence of gastroduodenal ulceration after hepatic radioembolization (RE). We aimed to identify the risk factors in the treated population and to determine the specific mechanism of nontarget RE in individual cases. Methods: The records of 247 consecutive patients treated with yttrium-90 RE for primary (n = 90) or metastatic (n = 157) liver cancer using either resin (n = 181) or glass (n = 66) microspheres were reviewed. All patients who developed a biopsy-proven microsphere-induced gastroduodenal ulcer were identified. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed on baseline parameters and procedural data to determine possible risk factors in the total population. Individual cases were analyzed to ascertain the specific cause, including identification of the culprit vessel(s) leading to extrahepatic deposition of the microspheres. Results: Eight patients (3.2 %) developed a gastroduodenal ulcer. Stasis during injection was the strongest independent risk factor (p = 0.004), followed by distal origin of the gastroduodenal artery (p = 0.004), young age (p = 0.040), and proximal injection of the microspheres (p = 0.043). Prolonged administrations, pain during administration, whole liver treatment, and use of resin microspheres also showed interrelated trends in multivariate analysis. Retrospective review of intraprocedural and postprocedural imaging showed a probable or possible culprit vessel, each a tiny complex collateral vessel, in seven patients. Conclusion: Proximal administrations and those resulting in stasis of flow presented increased risk for gastroduodenal ulceration. Patients who had undergone bevacizumab therapy were at high risk for developing stasis.

Lam, Marnix G. E. H. [Stanford University School of Medicine, Division of Interventional Radiology (United States); Banerjee, Subhas [Stanford University School of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (United States)] [Stanford University School of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (United States); Louie, John D.; Abdelmaksoud, Mohamed H. K. [Stanford University School of Medicine, Division of Interventional Radiology (United States)] [Stanford University School of Medicine, Division of Interventional Radiology (United States); Iagaru, Andrei H. [Stanford University School of Medicine, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (United States)] [Stanford University School of Medicine, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (United States); Ennen, Rebecca E.; Sze, Daniel Y., E-mail: dansze@stanford.edu [Stanford University School of Medicine, Division of Interventional Radiology (United States)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

Incidence of neoplasms in ages 0-19 Y in parts of Sweden with high {sup 137}Cs fallout after the Chernobyl accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The incidence of neoplasms in childhood and adolescence in northern and central Sweden before and after the radioactive fallout from the Chernobyl accident was investigated in an ecologic study, 1978 to 1992. The study included all parishes in the six most contaminated counties classified after aerial mapping of ground radiation form {sup 137}Cs and investigated 746 cases of neoplasms in ages 0-19 y, diagnosed in the six counties. Incidence and relative risks of neoplasms were compared in areas with high, intermediate, and low contamination after versus before the Chernobyl accident in 1986. A continuous increase of brain tumor incidence in the ages 0-19 y during the period 1978-92 without clear relationship to the Chernobyl fallout was discovered. No clear relationship between the incidence of brain tumor and the exposure to varying levels of radiation from {sup 137}Cs was apparent. A some-what decreased relative risk of acute lymphatic leukemia appeared in areas with increased exposure. Other neoplasms showed no changes in incidence over time or with regard to exposure. Until now, there is no indication that the Chernobyl accident has affected the incidence of childhood and adolescence neoplasms in Sweden, but it is still too early for any final conclusion about the effect of this event. 12 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Tondel, M.; Flodin, U.; Skoeldestig, A.; Axelson, O. [Univ. Hospital, Linkoeping (Sweden)] [and others

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Heat removal aspects of Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor safety in light of the Three Mile Island incident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The safety aspects of the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) loop design are compared with those of the Light Water Reactor (LWR), in light of the Three Mile Island (TMI) incident. The events at TMI are briefly described, the fundamental differences between the LWR water coolant and the LMFBR sodium coolant are presented, and the design of analogous LMFBR safety systems under similar events as those at TMI is discussed. A preliminary qualitative evaluation of a TMI-equivalent accident for an LMFBR indicates that there is likely to be: (1) negligible pressure transients in the primary loop, (2) no core damage, (3) isolation of the incident at the steam generator, and (4) no radiation release to the environment, except a negligible amount of tritium from the secondary sodium. Furthermore, with the absence of the ECCS (Emergency Core Cooling System), pressurizer, and other pressure-related components in the LMFBR design, operator action for a LMFBR should be much simpler in dealing with the coolant upset condition and the decay heat removal problems.

Victor, H.R.; Graf, D.G.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Astronomical alignments as the cause of ~M6+ seismicity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I here demonstrate empirically my georesonator concept in which tidally induced magnification of Earth masses' resonance causes seismicity. To that end, I show that all strong (~M6+) earthquakes of 2010 occurred during the Earth's long (t>3 day) astronomical alignments within our solar system. I then show that the same holds true for all very strong (~M8+) earthquakes of the decade of 2000s. Finally, the strongest (M8.6+) earthquakes of the past century are shown to have occurred during the Earth's multiple long alignments, whereas half of the high-strongest (M9+) ones occurred during the Full Moon. I used the comet C/2010 X1 (Elenin), as it has been adding to robustness in terms of very strong seismicity since 2007 (in terms of strongest seismicity: since 1965). The Elenin will continue intensifying the Earth's very strong seismicity until August-October, 2011. Approximate forecast of earthquakes based on my discoveries is feasible. This demonstration proves my hyperresonator concept, arrived at earlier as a...

Omerbashich, Mensur

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Astronomical alignments as the cause of ~M6+ seismicity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I here demonstrate empirically my georesonator concept in which tidally induced magnification of Earth masses' resonance causes seismicity on Earth. I show that all strong (~M6+) earthquakes of 2010 occurred during Earth's long (t > 3 days) astronomical alignments within our solar system. I then show that the same holds true for all very strong (~M8+) earthquakes of the decade of 2000's. Finally, strongest (M8.6+) earthquakes of the past century are shown to have occurred during Earth's multiple long alignments, too, whereas half of the high-strongest (M9+) earthquakes occurred during Full Moon. To add robustness, I include alignments to comet C/2010 X1 (Elenin) as the only heavenly body currently in our solar system besides planets, and show that it impacted very strong seismicity since 2007. I conclude my empirical demonstration with a six-month, 100%-successful forecast of M6+ magnification, performed online in near real-time from October 2011 until April 2012, and which shows always the same, fractal pattern of intensifying-peaking-diminishing of strong earthquakes' strength during long alignments, and the absence of the pattern outside alignments. Days without killer quake can now be known exactly, amounting to several months a year of exact seismic forecast (telling with certainty there will be no strong seisms on that-and-that date). Approximate forecast of strength and timing of strong earthquakes is feasible for the rest of the year, as well as of location once the alignment starts. I thus verified my hyperresonator concept too, arrived at earlier as a mathematical-physical solution to the most general extension of georesonator. As gravity can now be expressed in terms of speed of light, hyperresonance is akin to tuning forks triggering each other at a distance, inferring the existence of aether required for propagation of mutually tuning (interfering) oscillations in Space.

Mensur Omerbashich

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

276

Energetic deposition of metal ions: Observation of self-sputtering and limited sticking for off-normal angles of incidence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The deposition of films under normal and off-normal angle of incidence has been investigated to show the relevance of non-sticking of and self-sputtering by energetic ions, leading to the formation of neutral atoms. The flow of energetic ions was obtained using a filtered cathodic arc system in high vacuum and therefore the ion flux had a broad energy distribution of typically 50-100 eV per ion. The range of materials included Cu, Ag, Au, Ti, and Ni. Consistent with molecular dynamics simulations published in the literature, the experiments show, for all materials, that the combined effects of non-sticking and self-sputtering are very significant, especially for large off-normal angles. Modest heating and intentional introduction of oxygen background affect the results.

Wu, Hongchen; Anders, Andre

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

Extended-range grazing-incidence spectrometer for high-resolution extreme ultraviolet measurements on an electron beam ion trap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high-resolution grazing-incidence grating spectrometer has been implemented on the Livermore electron beam ion traps for performing very high-resolution measurements in the soft x-ray and extreme ultraviolet region spanning from below 10 Å to above 300 Å. The instrument operates without an entrance slit and focuses the light emitted by highly charged ions located in the roughly 50 ?m wide electron beam onto a cryogenically cooled back-illuminated charge-coupled device detector. The measured line widths are below 0.025 Å above 100 Å, and the resolving power appears to be limited by the source size and Doppler broadening of the trapped ions. Comparisons with spectra obtained with existing grating spectrometers show an order of magnitude improvement in spectral resolution.

Beiersdorfer, P.; Magee, E. W.; Brown, G. V.; Träbert, E.; Widmann, K. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Hell, N. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Dr. Remeis-Sternwarte and ECAP, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, 96049 Bamberg (Germany)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

278

Realizing in-plane surface diffraction by x-ray multiple-beam diffraction with large incidence angle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on rigorous dynamical-theory calculations, we demonstrate the principle of an x-ray multiple-beam diffraction (MBD) scheme that overcomes the long-lasting difficulties of high-resolution in-plane diffraction from crystal surfaces. This scheme only utilizes symmetric reflection geometry with large incident angles but activates the out-of-plane and in-plane diffraction processes simultaneously and separately in the continuous MBD planes. The in-plane diffraction is realized by detoured MBD, where the intermediate diffracted waves propagate parallel to the surface, which corresponds to an absolute Bragg surface diffraction configuration that is extremely sensitive to surface structures. A series of MBD diffraction and imaging techniques may be developed from this principle to study surface/interface (misfit) strains, lateral nanostructures, and phase transitions of a wide range of (pseudo)cubic crystal structures, including ultrathin epitaxial films and multilayers, quantum dots, strain-engineered semiconductor or (multi)ferroic materials, etc.

Huang, Xian-Rong, E-mail: xiahuang@aps.anl.gov; Gog, Thomas; Assoufid, Lahsen [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Peng, Ru-Wen, E-mail: rwpeng@nju.edu.cn [National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures and Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Siddons, D. P. [National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

279

Geophysical variables and behavior: LIII. Epidemiological considerations for incidence of cancer and depression in areas of frequent UFO reports  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Luminous phenomena and anomalous physical forces have been hypothesized to be generated by focal tectonic strain fields that precede earthquakes. If these geophysical processes exist, then their spatial and temporal density should be greatest during periods of protracted, localized UFO reports; they might be used as dosimetric indicators. Contemporary epidemiological data concerning the health risks of power frequency electromagnetic fields and radon gas levels (expected correlates of certain tectonic strain fields), suggest that increased incidence (odds ratios greater 1:3) of brain tumors and leukemia should be evident within flap areas. In addition the frequency of variants of temporal lobe lability, psychological depression and posttraumatic stress should be significantly elevated. UFO field investigators, because they have repeated, intermittent close proximity to these fields, are considered to be a particularly high risk population for these disorders. 22 references.

Persinger, M.A.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Adapting the U.S. Domestic Radiological Emergency Response Process to an Overseas Incident: FRMAC Without the F  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The earthquake and resulting tsunami in Japan led to a radiological release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plan, which in turn resulted in the rapid activation and deployment by the U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) emergency response teams. These teams and those from other federal agencies are typically coordinated through the Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center (FRMAC) when responding to radiological incidents in the U.S. FRMAC is the body through which the collection, analysis, and assessment of environmental radiological data are coordinated and products released to decision makers. This article discusses DOE/NNSA’s role in the U.S. response to the Fukushima accident as it implemented its components of FRMAC in a foreign country, coordinated its assets, integrated with its federal partners, and collaborated with the Government of Japan. The technical details of the various data collections and analyses are covered in other articles of this issue.

Blumenthal, Daniel J. [USDOE NA Office of Emergency Response; Bowman, David R. [USDOE NA Office of Emergency Response; Remick, Alan [USDOE NA Office of Emergency Response

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

THE LEBANESE CIVIL WAR (1975-1990): CAUSES AND COSTS OF CONFLICT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper analyzes the factors that caused and sustained the 1975-1990 Lebanese civil war and aims to identify the main causes of the conflict. The author relies heavily on the Collier-Hoeffler Model but does not limit ...

Mohti, Zakaria Mounir

2010-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

282

Article The Structure of the Cataract-Causing P23T Mutant of Human  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Crystallins are major proteins of the eye lens and essential for lens transparency. Mutations and aging of crystallins cause cataracts, the predominant cause of blindness in the world. In human ?D-crystallin, the P23T ...

Wang, Yongting

283

Can Sustainable Transport Policies Cause Companies to Adopt Responsible Behaviour? Can Sustainable Transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Can Sustainable Transport Policies Cause Companies to Adopt Responsible Behaviour? 221 Can Sustainable Transport Policies Cause Companies to Adopt Responsible Behaviour ? The case of the textile, transport policies have gradually set sustainable development targets. Although the objectives have evolved

Boyer, Edmond

284

Impacts, volcanism and mass extinction: random coincidence or cause and effect?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in diameter caused significant species extinctions. This includes the 170 km-diameter Chicxulub impact crater or even significant species extinctions. The K/T mass extinction may have been caused by the coincidenceImpacts, volcanism and mass extinction: random coincidence or cause and effect? G. KELLER

285

Analysis of Vision Loss Caused by Radiation-Induced Optic Neuropathy After Particle Therapy for Head-and-Neck and Skull-Base Tumors Adjacent to Optic Nerves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To assess the incident rates of vision loss (VL; based on counting fingers or more severe) caused by radiation-induced optic neuropathy (RION) after particle therapy for tumors adjacent to optic nerves (ONs), and to evaluate factors that may contribute to VL. Methods and Materials: From August 2001 to August 2006, 104 patients with head-and-neck or skull-base tumors adjacent to ONs were treated with carbon ion or proton radiotherapy. Among them, 145 ONs of 75 patients were irradiated and followed for greater than 12 months. The incident rate of VL and the prognostic factors for occurrence of VL were evaluated. The late effects of carbon ion and proton beams were compared on the basis of a biologically effective dose at alpha/beta = 3 gray equivalent (GyE{sub 3}). Results: Eight patients (11%) experienced VL resulting from RION. The onset of VL ranged from 17 to 58 months. The median follow-up was 25 months. No significant difference was observed between the carbon ion and proton beam treatment groups. On univariate analysis, age (>60 years), diabetes mellitus, and maximum dose to the ON (>110 GyE{sub 3}) were significant, whereas on multivariate analysis only diabetes mellitus was found to be significant for VL. Conclusions: The time to the onset of VL was highly variable. There was no statistically significant difference between carbon ion and proton beam treatments over the follow-up period. Based on multivariate analysis, diabetes mellitus correlated with the occurrence of VL. A larger study with longer follow-up is warranted.

Demizu, Yusuke, E-mail: y_demizu@nifty.co [Department of Radiology, Hyogo Ion Beam Medical Center, Tatsuno, Hyogo (Japan); Murakami, Masao; Miyawaki, Daisuke; Niwa, Yasue [Department of Radiology, Hyogo Ion Beam Medical Center, Tatsuno, Hyogo (Japan); Akagi, Takashi [Department of Accelerator Managing, Hyogo Ion Beam Medical Center, Tatsuno, Hyogo (Japan); Sasaki, Ryohei [Division of Radiology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Hyogo (Japan); Terashima, Kazuki [Department of Radiology, Hyogo Ion Beam Medical Center, Tatsuno, Hyogo (Japan); Suga, Daisaku [Department of Radiation Technology, Hyogo Ion Beam Medical Center, Tatsuno, Hyogo (Japan); Kamae, Isao [Division of Medical Statistics, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Hyogo (Japan); Hishikawa, Yoshio [Department of Radiology, Hyogo Ion Beam Medical Center, Tatsuno, Hyogo (Japan)

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Enterprise Incidents Issue 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

~ energy ??? I've even heard them say, "Chango is as good as rest," - and certainly For them it soems to work, And they reoover with amazing speed From tiredness, Deprossion, irritation and ill health. I ask myself If such reaction could be mine; I... you care to seo your ~uarters, sir?" Spack asked. "Please, Mr. Spock. Gentlemen, Miss Uhura, I'll see you again later." 8 As he walked down .thQ corridcr at Spack's side, Kirk remembered something that had been said last night. Here, without anyone...

Clark, Sheila

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Enterprise Incidents Issue 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be trusted; Vulcans were known for their loyalty - they held disloyalty in total abhorrance, he knew; and was convinced that with his luck, he'd strike the one Vulcan Hho .!:@& capable of disloyalty ... anyway, Spock was half Human, and NcCoy certainly...

Clark, Sheila

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Enterprise Incidents Issue 8  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

instantly. "This is Captain Kirk. Chief Engineer Scott and Doctor McCo;,' of the Enterprise." He turn .. d to his crewmates. "Ensign T'Mara is one of the rew Vulcan women in Starfleet." T'Mara nodded a combined acknowledgement and greeting. "This is Dr...'s very little I can do for them, bar sedation, at the moment. I came to ask Miss T'Mara if there was any chance of getting more power." "Very little," T'Mara replied. "But I'm not an engineer. Mr. Scott may be able to help. Meanwhile, Captain Kirk...

Clark, Sheila

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Enterprise Incidents Issue 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by Yeoman Rand. "Captain, a small spacecraft has just entered Federation space, bearing 1047 mark 54." "Where from, Mr. Chekov?" asked Kirk. "It seems to have come from inside Klingen territory, sir, but it does not appear to be threatening." "Very... well, plot an interception course, Chekov. Let's see \\>Iha tit's up to ??? 1i lIe contacted the science labs on Deck 2, Vlhere he kne\\'l his First Officer would be. "lilr. Spock to the bridge." They v18re almost on the small intruder when Spock...

Goodison, Lorraine

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Enterprise Incidents Issue 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

." There wore approximatoly thirty to f"rty mon, ench one wearing [l loose mauve kil t-liko gnrmont rOBching to thoir knees. Their foet 'Noro bnro, thoir brnidod hnir altornatoly copper end p(\\lo greon. Each held n light, bono-tipped sponr, toG'other vvi th n... and brought his attention back to the presen'G. "You'ro right," he murmured. "It leavos me too much time to think." "A bout the Enterpriso?" "Sometimos~ We had some good times on hor, Bonos.!! McCoy nodded silont agreoment, unsuro wlwther to let tho...

Goodison, Lorraine

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Incidents of Security Concern  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.ProgramJulietipDepartment ofThe full text of what is referedNOT MEASUREMENT

292

A Local Incident Flux Response Expansion Transport Method for Coupling to the Diffusion Method in Cylindrical Geometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A local incident flux response expansion transport method is developed to generate transport solutions for coupling to diffusion theory codes regardless of their solution method (e.g., fine mesh, nodal, response based, finite element, etc.) for reactor core calculations in both two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) cylindrical geometries. In this approach, a Monte Carlo method is first used to precompute the local transport solution (i.e., response function library) for each unique transport coarse node, in which diffusion theory is not valid due to strong transport effects. The response function library is then used to iteratively determine the albedo coefficients on the diffusion-transport interfaces, which are then used as the coupling parameters within the diffusion code. This interface coupling technique allows a seamless integration of the transport and diffusion methods. The new method retains the detailed heterogeneity of the transport nodes and naturally constructs any local solution within them by a simple superposition of local responses to all incoming fluxes from the contiguous coarse nodes. A new technique is also developed for coupling to fine-mesh diffusion methods/codes. The local transport method/module is tested in 2-D and 3-D pebble-bed reactor benchmark problems consisting of an inner reflector, an annular fuel region, and a controlled outer reflector. It is found that the results predicted by the transport module agree very well with the reference fluxes calculated directly by MCNP in both benchmark problems.

Dingkang Zhang; Farzad Rahnema; Abderrafi M. Ougouag

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Preliminary report on operational guidelines developed for use in emergency preparedness and response to a radiological dispersal device incident.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents preliminary operational guidelines and supporting work products developed through the interagency Operational Guidelines Task Group (OGT). The report consolidates preliminary operational guidelines, all ancillary work products, and a companion software tool that facilitates their implementation into one reference source document. The report is intended for interim use and comment and provides the foundation for fostering future reviews of the operational guidelines and their implementation within emergency preparedness and response initiatives in the event of a radiological dispersal device (RDD) incident. The report principally focuses on the technical derivation and presentation of the operational guidelines. End-user guidance providing more details on how to apply these operational guidelines within planning and response settings is being considered and developed elsewhere. The preliminary operational guidelines are categorized into seven groups on the basis of their intended application within early, intermediate, and long-term recovery phases of emergency response. We anticipate that these operational guidelines will be updated and refined by interested government agencies in response to comments and lessons learned from their review, consideration, and trial application. This review, comment, and trial application process will facilitate the selection of a final set of operational guidelines that may be more or less inclusive of the preliminary operational guidelines presented in this report. These and updated versions of the operational guidelines will be made available through the OGT public Web site (http://ogcms.energy.gov) as they become finalized for public distribution and comment.

Yu, C.; Cheng, J.-J.; Kamboj, S.; Domotor, S.; Wallo, A.; Environmental Science Division; DOE

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

The Cost of Policing Security Incidents on the Central VAX Clusters Breaches of security on the central VAX clusters (VXCERN and VXENG) come to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Cost of Policing Security Incidents on the Central VAX Clusters Breaches of security on the central VAX clusters (VXCERN and VXENG) come to the attention of the support staff at approximately a rate unpleasant attack that was made on VAXes not just in the CERN Computer Centre, but across the CERN site

Low, Steven H.

295

{sup 6}Li({pi}{sup +}, {ital pp}){sup 4}He{sub g.s.} reaction at 100 and 165 MeV incident pion energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Differential and total cross sections for {pi}{sup +} absorption on {sup 6}Li leading to the {ital pp}+{sup 4}He{sub g.s} final state are presented at incident pion energies of 100 and 165 MeV. The narrow width of the {ital pp} angular correlation is observed and reported.

Papandreou, Z.; Huber, G.; Lolos, G.; Cormier, J.; Mathie, E.; Naqvi, S. [Department of Physics, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, S4S 0A2 (Canada)] [Department of Physics, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, S4S 0A2 (Canada); Ottewell, D.; Tacik, R.; Walden, P. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2A3 (Canada)] [TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2A3 (Canada); Jones, G.; Trelle, R. [Department of Physics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2A6 (Canada)] [Department of Physics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2A6 (Canada); Aslanoglou, X. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States); Humphrey, D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Auklet (Charadriiformes: Alcidae, Aethia spp.) chick meals from the Aleutian Islands, Alaska, have a very low incidence of plastic marine debris  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, have a very low incidence of plastic marine debris Alexander L. Bond a,*, Ian L. Jones a , Jeffrey C t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Plastic Marine debris North Pacific Ocean Auklet Aethia Aleutian Islands a b s t r a c t The ingestion of plastic marine debris is a chronic problem for some of the world

Jones, Ian L.

297

INCIDENT # CHARGE SECTION OF NYS PENAL LAW DISPOSITION TYPE REPORTED TO PLACE OF OCCURRENCE DATE & TIME OF OCCURRENCE DATE & TIME REPORTED 1304224 None  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INCIDENT # CHARGE SECTION OF NYS PENAL LAW DISPOSITION TYPE REPORTED TO PLACE OF OCCURRENCE DATE Public Safety Department Music Building 6442 Kissena Blvd., Flushing, NY 11367 April 29, 2013 2:15PM Building 6660 Kissena Blvd., Flushing, NY 11367 May 1, 2013 12:15PM May 1, 2013 2:50PM 1305279 None Petit

Johnson Jr.,, Ray

298

Abstract--Grazing incidence metal mirrors in laser-driven IFE power plants are subject to a variety of threats that result  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract--Grazing incidence metal mirrors in laser-driven IFE power plants are subject to a variety [4] at UCSD, and help define design windows for the GIMM in a laser-driven IFE power plant of threats that result in damages leading to increased laser absorption, beam quality degradation and reduced

Tillack, Mark

299

U.S. Seafood Safe and Unaffected by Radiation Contamination from Japanese Nuclear Power Plant Incident; U.S. Monitoring Control Strategy Explained  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

U.S. Seafood Safe and Unaffected by Radiation Contamination from Japanese Nuclear Power Plant about radiation contamination from the Japanese nuclear power plant incident and on the control potential routes by which seafood contaminated with radionuclides from the Japanese nuclear power plant

300

Degraded Modes and the `Culture of Coping' in Military Operations: An Analysis of a Fatal Incident On-Board HMS Tireless on 20/21 March 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was following Standard operating Procedures (SOPs) using Self Contained Oxygen Generators (SCOGs) to maintain and operators must work together to ensure that maintenance intervals are scheduled so that critical componentsDegraded Modes and the `Culture of Coping' in Military Operations: An Analysis of a Fatal Incident

Johnson, Chris

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Climate controls on Valley Fever incidence in Kern County, California, USA Charlie Zender , Department of Earth System Science, University of California at Irvine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

America. Figure 1: Areas endemic to Valley fever, after Kirkland and Fierer [1996]: Objectives: · Identify for outbreaks Motivation: In 1991­1995 a valley fever epidemic increased incidence N 10-fold to about 3,000­1995), Hanford Forecast data (2001­2002). We analyze climatological means ¯x, anomalies xn, of monthly time

Zender, Charles

302

PSI # Date Time Location Incident Description Disposition 4341 9/2/2011 8:00 Blue Ridge Bicycle Theft Norco Mountain bike BPD notified  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PSI # Date Time Location Incident Description Disposition 4341 9/2/2011 8:00 Blue Ridge Bicycle Four or more citations received Fine issued 4353 9/8/2011 16:00 Elizabeth Rogers Bicycle Theft Bluish Green bicycle BPD notified 4354 9/9/2011 13:49 Short St Hair Salon Criminal Damage Graffiti on the rear

Baltisberger, Jay H.

303

The Incidence of Healthcare Use, Ill-Health, and Mortality in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities and Mealtime Support Needs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

people with ID in England was 56 years old in 2010, with variation according to aetiology, compared to 81 for the general population (Emerson et al. 2012, Glover and Ayub 2010). Respiratory infections are the most common cause of death in this group... sensitive conditions (ACSCs) (Balogh et al. 2005, Glover and Evison 2013). High rates of ACSCs (such as convulsions and epilepsy; dehydration and gastroenteritis; constipation; GORD; and Page 17 of 48 Journal of Intellectual Disability Research Journal...

Perez, C. M.; Ball, S. L.; Wagner, A. P.; Clare, I. C. H.; Holland, A. J.; Redley, M.

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

304

Does living near heavy industry cause lung cancer in women? A case control study using life grid interviews.   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a modestly raised risk of lung cancer with prolonged residence close to heavy industry, although the confidence intervals were wide. The effect of air pollution on the incidence of lung cancer merits continued study....

Edwards, R; Pless-Mulloli, T; Howel, D; Chadwick, TJ; Bhopal, Raj; Harrison, R N; Gribbin, H

2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

305

Melt mixing causes negative correlation of trace element enrichment and CO2 content prior to an Icelandic eruption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for datasets that include and exclude highly enriched inclusions. Elements anal- ysed with low precision (e.g. F and Sm), or that are strongly af- fected by PEC or diffusive alteration (e.g. MgO, FeO and H2O), are excluded to prevent the identification... the best enriched and depleted end-member compositions (Ce and Cd): C = [ XeCe + (1? Xe)Cd ] (1? F )D?1 (1) where C is the concentration of an element in a melt inclusion and D is the bulk partition coefficient of the assemblage removed dur- ing...

Neave, David A.; Maclennan, John; Edmonds, Marie; Thordarson, Thorvaldur

2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

306

E-Print Network 3.0 - amyloidosis causing hoarseness Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of a vaccine causing serious harm, or death... . Hoarseness; sore, red or itchy eyes; cough, fever, aches. PNEUMONIA VACCINE ADVERSE REACTIONS: redness Source: Virginia Tech -...

307

CONSUMER PERCEPTIONS OF GREEN CAUSE-RELATED MARKETING (CRM) PRICE FAIRNESS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Many firms employ Cause-Related Marketing (CRM) strategies that link product sales to the support of a charity to generate positive brand images. The global objective… (more)

Kim, Eun Kyoo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

E-Print Network 3.0 - aortopulmonary fistula caused Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

multiresolution modelling environment: application Summary: days, the fistula is closed (FIS 0). The fistula caused- an instantaneous effect on cardiac output... . The closing of...

309

E-Print Network 3.0 - american paragonimiasis caused Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

gross pathology... ; laboratory researchers in Minnesota have found that water from affected ponds causes some malformations... ). The wide geo- graphic range in North America...

310

alpha-cell hypersecretion caused: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

released to the atmosphere by human activities are the main cause of contemporary global warming. Recent decades have seen record-high average global surface temperatures....

311

E-Print Network 3.0 - active disease caused Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Princeton University Press. of foliar diseases caused by polycyclic, specialized, wind... K. A. Garrett and C. M. Cox. Applied biodiversity science: Managing emerging...

312

E-Print Network 3.0 - adrenal gland caused Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Institute of Technology (MIT) Collection: Biology and Medicine 8 The Endocrine System Endocrine and nervous systems work together Summary: - causes muscle contractionmilk...

313

E-Print Network 3.0 - aids root-cause analysis Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for: aids root-cause analysis Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Automating configuration troubleshooting with dynamic information flow analysis Summary: these problems by...

314

UBC Student & Visitor Incident/Accident Report This report is to be completed by, or on behalf of, Visitors to UBC Campus and UBC Students who have been injured on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UBC Student & Visitor Incident/Accident Report This report is to be completed by, or on behalf of of Transportation to Medical Facility: Department Visited Date and Time of Incident/Accident (m/d/y) ____/____/____ ____:____ am / pm Describe the exact location of accident. (Include building name and room number

Karczmarek, Joanna

315

Numerical Modeling of Nonlinear Surface Waves caused by Surface Effect Ships Dynamics and Kinematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical Modeling of Nonlinear Surface Waves caused by Surface Effect Ships Dynamics and Kinematics Hong Gun Sung½ and Stephan T. Grilli¾ ½ Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute, Daejeon model fully nonlinear free surface waves caused by a translating dis- turbance made of a pressure patch

Grilli, Stéphan T.

316

Solar Flare Observations Flares are caused by the release of magnetic energy up  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar Flare Observations Flares are caused by the release of magnetic energy up to some 10 27 Joule in the solar atmosphere within a few minutes (Fig.1). The energy input causes a myriad of phenomena including of the primary energy release as electrons. Recent space missions, including Skylab, Solar Max­ imum Mission

317

Ultrasound-induced lung hemorrhage is not caused by inertial cavitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultrasound-induced lung hemorrhage is not caused by inertial cavitation William D. O'Brien, Jr to an inertial cavitation mechanism. The purpose of this article is to report the results of two experiments that directly contradict the hypothesis that ultrasound-induced lung hemorrhage is caused by inertial cavitation

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

318

Comment on ``Ultrasound-induced lung hemorrhage is not caused by inertial cavitation''  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comment on ``Ultrasound-induced lung hemorrhage is not caused by inertial cavitation'' [J. Acoust­1297 2000 that ultrasound-induced lung hemorrhage is not caused by inertial cavitation. An argument is provided that illustrates how cavitation inception conditions in the lungs of animals are not altered

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

319

Climate changes caused by degassing of sediments1 during the emplacement of large igneous provinces2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,20 SO2) which subsequently vent to the atmosphere and cause global warming and mass21 extinctions global warming;54 SO2 causes acid rain; F and other halogens poison plants and animals (see Thordarson55 to poisoning (Vogt 1972), global warming32 (Jenkyns 1999) or global cooling (Budyko and Pivivariva, 1967

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

320

Ascariasis, also known as roundworm, is an intestinal infection caused by the parasitic worm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the body and into the bloodstream where they can cause severe coughing and wheezing. The larvae are eventu · Youngchildrenages3­8years symptoms · Wormsinstool · Coughing,sometimesaccompaniedbycoughing up of worms the body and can cause pulmo- nary symptoms such as coughing and wheezing. Once the larvae settle

Davis, Richard E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Structure-based Inhibitor Discovery against Adenylyl Cyclase Toxins from Pathogenic Bacteria That Cause Anthrax and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

That Cause Anthrax and Whooping Cough* Received for publication, February 4, 2003, and in revised form, March bacteria that cause anthrax and whooping cough, respectively. Using the structure of the catalytic site pathogenesis and to fight against anthrax and whooping cough. The 2001 anthrax attacks in the United States

Mrksich, Milan

322

On interfacial instability as a cause of transverse subcritical bed Jeremy G. Venditti,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On interfacial instability as a cause of transverse subcritical bed forms Jeremy G. Venditti,1. J. Bennett (2006), On interfacial instability as a cause of transverse subcritical bed forms, Water, 1997]. Ideas about the initiation of the dominant subcritical flow-transverse bed forms (ripples, dunes

Venditti, Jeremy G.

323

Can origin of the 2400-year cycle of solar activity be caused by solar inertial motion?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Can origin of the 2400-year cycle of solar activity be caused by solar inertial motion? I. Charva 1999 / Revised: 14 January 2000 / Accepted: 17 January 2000 Abstract. A solar activity cycle of about 2400 years has until now been of uncertain origin. Recent results indicate it is caused by solar

Boyer, Edmond

324

Experimental study on the cause of insufficiency of a transcutaneous pulmonary valve replacement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental study on the cause of insufficiency of a transcutaneous pulmonary valve replacement for the replacement of pulmonary heart valves. This technique is a minimally invasive alternative to the replacement on known causes for insufficiencies of transcutaneous heart valve replacements. Out of that information

Berlin,Technische Universität

325

RESEARCH ARTICLE Increase in crop damage caused by wild boar (Sus scrofa L.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH ARTICLE Increase in crop damage caused by wild boar (Sus scrofa L.): the "refuge effect /Published online: 14 October 2011 Abstract The occurrence of crop damage by wild boars raised dramatically, including hunting, can play a relevant role in causing crop damage. We studied a Mediterranean area

Boyer, Edmond

326

Enhanced Chemical Incident Response Plan (ECIRP). Appendix F, remediation analysis with Decision Support Tools (DSTs) for wide-area chemical hazards.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) commissioned an assessment of the Consequence Management (CM) plans in place on military bases for response to a chemical attack. The effectiveness of the CM plans for recovering from chemical incidents was modeled using a multiple Decision Support Tools (DSTs). First, a scenario was developed based on an aerial dispersion of a chemical agent over a wide-area of land. The extent of contamination was modeled with the Hazard Prediction and Assessment Capability (HPAC) tool. Subsequently, the Analyzer for Wide Area Restoration Effectiveness (AWARE) tool was used to estimate the cost and time demands for remediation based on input of contamination maps, sampling and decontamination resources, strategies, rates and costs. The sampling strategies incorporated in the calculation were designed using the Visual Sample Plan (VSP) tool. Based on a gaps assessment and the DST remediation analysis, an Enhanced Chemical Incident Response Plan (ECIRP) was developed.

Hassig, Nancy L. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA); Pulsipher, Brent A. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA); Foltz, Greg W.; Hoette, Trisha Marie

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Are you protected against Pertussis? Pertussis, or whooping cough, is a highly contagious respiratory infection caused by the bacterium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Are you protected against Pertussis? Pertussis, or whooping cough, is a highly contagious respiratory infection caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. It causes severe coughing spells, vomiting

328

An estimate of the error caused by the elongation of the wavelength in a focused beam in free-space electromagnetic parameters measurement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A pair of spot-focusing horn lens antenna is the key component in a free-space measurement system. The electromagnetic constitutive parameters of a planar sample are determined using transmitted and reflected electromagnetic beams. These parameters are obtained from the measured scattering parameters by the microwave network analyzer, thickness of the sample, and wavelength of a focused beam on the sample. Free-space techniques introduced by most papers consider the focused wavelength as the free-space wavelength. But in fact, the incident wave projected by a lens into the sample approximates a Gaussian beam, thus, there has an elongation of the wavelength in the focused beam and this elongation should be taken into consideration in dielectric and magnetic measurement. In this paper, elongation of the wavelength has been analyzed and measured. Measurement results show that the focused wavelength in the vicinity of the focus has an elongation of 1%–5% relative to the free-space wavelength. Elongation's influence on the measurement result of the permittivity and permeability has been investigated. Numerical analyses show that the elongation of the focused wavelength can cause the increase of the measured value of the permeability relative to traditionally measured value, but for the permittivity, it is affected by several parameters and may increase or decrease relative to traditionally measured value.

Zhang, Yunpeng; Li, En, E-mail: lien@uestc.edu.cn; Guo, Gaofeng; Xu, Jiadi; Wang, Chao [School of Electronic Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731 (China)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

329

Incidence of Secondary Cancer Development After High-Dose Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy and Image-Guided Brachytherapy for the Treatment of Localized Prostate Cancer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To report the incidence and excess risk of second malignancy (SM) development compared with the general population after external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and brachytherapy to treat prostate cancer. Methods and Materials: Between 1998 and 2001, 1,310 patients with localized prostate cancer were treated with EBRT (n = 897) or brachytherapy (n = 413). We compared the incidence of SMs in our patients with that of the general population extracted from the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results data set combined with the 2000 census data. Results: The 10-year likelihood of SM development was 25% after EBRT and 15% after brachytherapy (p = .02). The corresponding 10-year likelihood for in-field SM development in these groups was 4.9% and 1.6% (p = .24). Multivariate analysis showed that EBRT vs. brachytherapy and older age were the only significant predictors for the development of all SMs (p = .037 and p = .030), with a trend for older patients to develop a SM. The increased incidence of SM for EBRT patients was explained by the greater incidence of skin cancer outside the radiation field compared with that after brachytherapy (10.6% and 3.3%, respectively, p = .004). For the EBRT group, the 5- and 10-year mortality rate was 1.96% and 5.1% from out-of field cancer, respectively; for in-field SM, the corresponding mortality rates were 0.1% and 0.7%. Among the brachytherapy group, the 5- and 10-year mortality rate related to out-of field SM was 0.8% and 2.7%, respectively. Our observed SM rates after prostate RT were not significantly different from the cancer incidence rates in the general population. Conclusions: Using modern sophisticated treatment techniques, we report low rates of in-field bladder and rectal SM risks after prostate cancer RT. Furthermore, the likelihood of mortality secondary to a SM was unusual. The greater rate of SM observed with EBRT vs. brachytherapy was related to a small, but significantly increased, number of skin cancers in the EBRT patients compared with that of the general population.

Zelefsky, Michael J., E-mail: Zelefskm@mskcc.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Housman, Douglas M.; Pei Xin; Alicikus, Zumre; Magsanoc, Juan Martin [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Dauer, Lawrence T.; St Germain, Jean [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Yamada, Yoshiya; Kollmeier, Marisa; Cox, Brett [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Zhang Zhigang [Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

E-Print Network 3.0 - airway compression caused Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ends to eventually fall below I'c, making... (r) in Fig. 31show that for TexP> 2 s, a surface tension 230 dyncm will cause airway closure as soon... reduction in airway volume...

331

Hydraulic limitation not declining nitrogen availability causes the age-related photosynthetic decline in loblolly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydraulic limitation not declining nitrogen availability causes the age-related photosynthetic capacity and thus decreases GPP with increasing age; and (2) hydraulic limitations increasingly induce conservative with age. We conclude that hydraulic limitation increasingly limits the photosyn- thetic rates

DeLucia, Evan H.

332

Using Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) to Resolve the Major Construction Project Delay Causes in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) has gained attention in the United States and Europe as an effective delivery method for construction projects. The aim of this research paper is to determine the major causes of delay in ...

Alkhalid, Khalid Abdullah

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

333

E-Print Network 3.0 - avoid hypothermia caused Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

cold exposure... covered and dry l Keep socks clean and dry l Avoid tight socks and boots Immersionfoot(trenchfoot) Cause l... it Clean; O: avoid Overdressing; L: wear clothing...

334

What is eutrophication? How is it caused and why is it a problem?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What is eutrophication? How is it caused and why is it a problem? Eutrophication can. Eutrophication can also lead to loss of aesthetic and recreational qualities of a water system, depleted

Wilhelm, Steven W.

335

The causes and consequences of condo hotel conversion in Waikiki, Hawaii  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper explores the causes and consequences of the recent conversions of hotels into 'condo hotels' in Waikiki, Hawaii, through an examination of local and national real estate trends. Condo hotels result from the ...

Lu, Mark C. K

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Causes, Magnitude and Consequences of Price Variability in Agricultural Commodity Market: An African Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ unbridled population growth, oil price fluctuations, importation policies, water availability and political market, hunger, undernourishment in Africa, food productivity, population growth, oil price, importation1 Causes, Magnitude and Consequences of Price Variability in Agricultural Commodity Market

337

all-cause mortality results: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Association Between Gout and All-Cause as well as Cardiovascular Mortality: A Systematic Review CiteSeer...

338

adiponectin predicts all-cause: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

levels. Adiponectin expression (more) Bagley, Heidi 2010-01-01 6 Association Between Gout and All-Cause as well as Cardiovascular Mortality: A Systematic Review CiteSeer...

339

all-cause mortality experience: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Association Between Gout and All-Cause as well as Cardiovascular Mortality: A Systematic Review CiteSeer...

340

Accepted Manuscript Studying the sensitivity of the pollutants concentrations caused by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-based sensitivity analysis, Sobol' bal sensitivity indices, Air pollution modeling, Multidimensional numericalAccepted Manuscript Studying the sensitivity of the pollutants concentrations caused by variations. Georgieva, S. Ivanovska, T. Ostromsky, Z. Zlatev, Studying the sensitivity of the pollutants concentrations

Dimov, Ivan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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341

FIA-12-0050- In the Matter of Cause of Action  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On October 4, 2012, The Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) granted an Appeal filed by Cause of Action (COA) under the FOIA of a final determination issued by the Loan Guarantee Program Office ...

342

Problems with low exposure Latency of arsenic caused cancer is 30 years or  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-MALIGNANT LUNG DISEASE? 150 people without arsenic-caused skin lesions Number with chronic cough 33 (31%) OR = 3 in Drinking Water in West Bengal, India (In press, Epidemiology) Those with chronic cough #12;Figure 2

343

Subverting value hierarchies : essays on the causes and responses to shifts in demand for authenticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation includes three essays on the causes and responses to shifts in demand for authenticity. In the first chapter, I answer the question: why do previously cast-off products, practices, or styles abruptly ...

Hahl, Oliver (Oliver Douglas)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Compressor and Hot Section Fouling in Gas Turbines- Causes and Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPRESSOR AND BOT SECTION FOOLING IN GAS TURBINES - CAUSES AND EPFECTS CYRUS B. MEHER-HOMJI Manager, Advanced Technology Boyce Engineering International, Inc. Houston, Texas ABSTRACT The fouling of axial flow compressors and turbines is a... serious operating problem in gas turbine eng ines. These prime movers are being increasingly used in cogeneration applications and with the large air mass flow rate (e.g. 633 Lbs/Sec for a 80 MWe gas turbine) foulants even in the ppm range can cause...

Meher-Homji, C. B.

345

Noncommuting local common causes for correlations violating the Clauser-Horne inequality  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the paper, the EPR-Bohm scenario will be reproduced in an algebraic quantum field theoretical setting with locally finite degrees of freedom. It will be shown that for a set of spatially separated correlating events (projections) maximally violating the Clauser-Horne inequality there can be given a common causal explanation if commutativity is abandoned between the common cause and the correlating events. Moreover, the noncommuting common cause will be local and supported in the common past of the correlating events.

Hofer-Szabo, Gabor [Research Center for the Humanities, Budapest (Hungary); Vecsernyes, Peter [Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Budapest (Hungary)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

346

Cause and prevention of miosis as related to cataract surgery in the dog  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CAUSE AND PREVENTION OF ABIOSIS AS RELATED TO CATARACT SURGERY IN THE DOG A Thesis by CARLOS ENRIQUE SILVERA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAN University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1971 Major Subject; Veterinary Medicine and Surgery CAUSE AND PREVENTION OF MIOSIS AS RELATED TO CATARACT SURGERY IN THE DOG A Thesis by CARLOS ENRIQUE SILVERA Approved as to style and content by: airman o Coaiiiit ee n ea o...

Silvera, Carlos Enrique

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Use of External Beam Radiotherapy Is Associated With Reduced Incidence of Second Primary Head and Neck Cancer: A SEER Database Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Patients with head and neck cancer have a significant risk of developing a second primary cancer of the head and neck. We hypothesized that treatment with external beam radiotherapy (RT) might reduce this risk, because RT can eradicate occult foci of second head and neck cancer (HNCA). Methods and Materials: The data of patients with Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Historic Stage A localized squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, larynx, and pharynx were queried using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. For patients treated with or without RT, the incidence of second HNCA was determined and compared using the log-rank method. Cox proportional hazards analysis was performed for each site, evaluating the influence of covariates on the risk of second HNCA. Results: Between 1973 and 1997, 27,985 patients were entered with localized HNCA. Of these patients, 44% had received RT and 56% had not. The 15-year incidence of second HNCA was 7.7% with RT vs. 10.5% without RT (hazard ratio 0.71, p <0.0001). The effect of RT was more profound in patients diagnosed between 1988 and 1997 (hazard ratio 0.53, p <0.0001) and those with pharynx primaries (hazard ratio 0.47, p <0.0001). On multivariate analysis, RT was associated with a reduced risk of second HNCA for pharynx (p <0.0001) and larynx (p = 0.04) tumors. For oral cavity primaries, RT was associated with an increased risk of second HNCA in patients treated before 1988 (p <0.001), but had no influence on patients treated between 1988 and 1997 (p = 0.91). Conclusion: For localized HNCA, RT is associated with a reduced incidence of second HNCA. These observations are consistent with the eradication of microscopic foci of second HNCA with external beam RT.

Rusthoven, Kyle [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Aurora, CO (United States); Chen Changhu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Aurora, CO (United States)], E-mail: Changhu.Chen@uchsc.edu; Raben, David; Kavanagh, Brian [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Aurora, CO (United States)

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

eFRMAC Overview: Data Management and Enabling Technologies for Characterization of a Radiological Release A Case Study: The Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Incident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The eFRMAC enterprise is a suite of technologies and software developed by the United States Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration’s Office of Emergency Response to coordinate the rapid data collection, management, and analysis required during a radiological emergency. This enables the Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center assets to evaluate a radiological or nuclear incident efficiently to facilitate protective actions to protect public health and the environment. This document identifies and describes eFRMAC methods including (1) data acquisition, (2) data management, (3) data analysis, (4) product creation, (5) quality control, and (6) dissemination.

Blumenthal, Daniel J. [NNSA; Clark, Harvey W. [NSTec; Essex, James J. [NSTec; Wagner, Eric C. [NSTec

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Abstract--Petroleum transportation accidents often cause losses of millions of dollars and take human lives. SIGA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)/Fund for the Improvement of Secondary Education (FIPSE) Grant for the US of an Accident/Incident Reporting System--safety information systems utilized by large companies to monitor, but did not. ) [1]. The system has been in existence since 2002, and since its creation has registered

Virginia, University of

350

Evolution Of Surface Topography On GaAs(100) And GaAs(111) At Normal And Oblique Incidence Of Ar{sup +}-Ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanoscale surface structures emerging from medium energy (50-60 keV)Ar{sup +}-ion sputtering of p-type GaAs(100) and semi-insulating GaAs(111) substrates have been investigated. For normally incident 50 keV Ar{sup +}-ions of fluence 1x10{sup 17} ions/cm{sup 2} on GaAs(100) and GaAs(111) features in the form of nanoscale pits/holes without short range ordering are observed with densities 5.2x10{sup 9} /cm{sup 2} and 5.9x10{sup 9} /cm{sup 2}, respectively along with irregularly shaped patches of islands. For GaAs(111) on increasing the influence to 5x10{sup 17} /cm{sup 2} the pit density increases marginally to 6.2x10{sup 9} /cm{sup 2}. For 60 deg. off-normal incidence of 60 keV Ar.{sup +}-ions of fluence 2x10{sup 17} ions/cm{sup 2} on GaAs(100) microscale wavelike surface topography is observed. In all cases well-defined nanodots are absent on the surface.

Venugopal, V.; Basu, T.; Garg, S.; Majumder, S.; Sarangi, S. N.; Som, T. [Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar 751 005 (India); Das, P.; Bhattacharyya, S. R.; Chini, T. K. [Surface Physics Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata 700 064 (India)

2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

351

Thermodynamic damage mechanism of transparent films caused by a low-power laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new model for analyzing the laser-induced damage process is provided. In many damage pits, the melted residue can been found. This is evidence of the phase change of materials. Therefore the phase change of materials is incorporated into the mechanical damage mechanism of films. Three sequential stages are discussed: no phase change, liquid phase change, and gas phase change. To study the damage mechanism and process, two kinds of stress have been considered: thermal stress and deformation stress. The former is caused by the temperature gradient and the latter is caused by high-pressure drive deformation. The theory described can determine the size of the damage pit.

Xia Zhilin; Shao Jianda; Fan Zhengxiu; Wu Shigang

2006-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

352

Synthetic peptides that cause F-actin bundling and block actin depolymerization  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Synthetic peptides derived from sucrose synthase, and having homology to actin and actin-related proteins, sharing a common motif, useful for causing acting bundling and preventing actin depolymerization. Peptides exhibiting the common motif are described, as well as specific synthetic peptides which caused bundled actin and inhibit actin depolymerization. These peptides can be useful for treating a subject suffering from a disease characterized by cells having neoplastic growth, for anti-cancer therapeutics, delivered to subjects solely, or concomitantly or sequentially with other known cancer therapeutics. These peptides can also be used for stabilizing microfilaments in living cells and inhibiting growth of cells.

Sederoff, Heike (Raleigh, NC); Huber, Steven C (Savoy, IL); Larabell, Carolyn A (Berkeley, CA)

2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

353

Post-Closure Inspection Letter Report for Corrective Action Units (CAUs) on the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This letter serves as the post-closure inspection letter report for CAUs on the NNSS for Calendar Year 2011

NSTec Environmental Restoration

2012-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

354

Tetramerization domain mutations in KCNA5 Identified in pulmonary arterial hypertension patients affect channel kinetics and cause abnormal subcellular localization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in pulmonary arterial hypertension patients affect channelin Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Patients Affect Channelin Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Patients Causes

Burg, Elyssa D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Jacobian Singularities in Optimal Power Flow Problems Caused by Intertemporal Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that are time-dependent such as generator ramp limits and specifically energy storage constraints may cause on the Newton-Raphson al- gorithm are widely used to solve Optimal Power Flow (OPF) and Economic Dispatch a storage device is integrated into a multi-timestep OPF problem and the optimal solution

Li, Xin

356

DETECTION OF EVENTS CAUSING PLUGGAGE OF A COAL-FIRED BOILER: A DATA MINING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DETECTION OF EVENTS CAUSING PLUGGAGE OF A COAL-FIRED BOILER: A DATA MINING APPROACH ANDREW KUSIAK to analyze events leading to plug- gage of a boiler. The proposed approach involves statistics, data. The proposed approach has been tested on a 750 MW commercial coal-fired boiler affected with an ash fouling

Kusiak, Andrew

357

ABSTRACT Genomics and bioinformatics have the vast potential to identify genes that cause disease by investigating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT Genomics and bioinformatics have the vast potential to identify genes that cause disease by investigating whole-genome databases. Comparison of an individual's geno- type with a genomic database these metabolic profiles with genomic, expression, and proteomic databases. Application of the knowledge of indi

Hammock, Bruce D.

358

Jin and Zhang 1 PARAMICS SIMULATION OF PERIODIC OSCILLATIONS CAUSED BY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and global. Finally, consistencies between a macroscopic kinematic wave model and Paramics are discussed-based kinematic wave model, the mechanism of such oscillations is revealed as follows: (i) When two traffic and Zhang 2 ABSTRACT Traffic oscillations such as stop-and-go waves in a traffic system can be caused

Mease, Kenneth D.

359

Mutation Causing Self-Aggregation in Human C-Crystallin Leading to Congenital Cataract  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mutation Causing Self-Aggregation in Human C-Crystallin Leading to Congenital Cataract Venu Talla,1 of congenital hereditary cataract are as- sociated with mutations in the crystallin genes. The authors focus attention on congenital lamellar cataract, which is asso- ciated with the R168W mutation in C

Srinivasan, N.

360

Physical causes and modeling challenges of anomalous diffusion of sediment tracers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physical causes and modeling challenges of anomalous diffusion of sediment tracers Douglas Jerolmack Earth & Environmental Science, UPenn [sediment@sas.upenn.edu] "Bridging the Gap", Princeton U., 2" describable by: 1. Particle volume, v [L3 ]. 2.Average velocity, us , of bed load sediment [L/T]. 3. Surface

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Maladaptive changes in multiple traits caused by fishing: impediments to population recovery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTER Maladaptive changes in multiple traits caused by fishing: impediments to population recovery *Correspondence: E-mail: matthew.walsh@email.ucr.edu Abstract Some overharvested fish populations fail to recover even after considerable reductions in fishing pressure. The reasons are unclear but may involve genetic

Hameed, Sultan

362

Determining root causes of drilling problems by combining cases and general knowledge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Determining root causes of drilling problems by combining cases and general knowledge Samad well drilling is a complex process which frequently leads to operational problems. In order to deal. An important problem in drilling is hole cleaning, in which a high number of observed parameters and other

Aamodt, Agnar

363

A threshold area ratio of organic to conventional agriculture causes recurrent pathogen outbreaks in organic agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A threshold area ratio of organic to conventional agriculture causes recurrent pathogen outbreaks in organic agriculture S. Adl a, , D. Iron b , T. Kolokolnikov b a Department of Biology, Dalhousie Fungal spores Organic agriculture Pathogen dispersal Conventional agriculture uses herbicides, pesticides

Kolokolnikov, Theodore

364

Can your dog read your mind? Understanding the causes of canine perspective taking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Can your dog read your mind? Understanding the causes of canine perspective taking Monique A. R, some have hypothesized that domestic dogs may have theory of mind, or the ability to infer what other lupus . Perspective taking . Social cognition . Theory of mind . Domestication . Dog shelter. Learning

Indiana University

365

First report of Neofusicoccum parvum causing canker and die-back of Eucalyptus in Spain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First report of Neofusicoccum parvum causing canker and die-back of Eucalyptus in Spain Eugenia disease in Eucalyptus globulus in North Spain. Keywords Eucalyptus canker. Neofusicoccum parvum . Botryosphaeriaceae A canker disease outbreak was observed for the first time on Eucalyptus globulus in North Spain

366

Record-setting algal bloom in Lake Erie caused by agricultural and meteorological trends consistent with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Record-setting algal bloom in Lake Erie caused by agricultural and meteorological trends consistent) In 2011, Lake Erie experienced the largest harmful algal bloom in its recorded history, with a peak blooms in Lake Erie. extreme precipitation events | climate change | aquatic ecology | Microcystis sp

367

Ice iron/sodium film as cause for high noctilucent cloud radar reflectivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ice iron/sodium film as cause for high noctilucent cloud radar reflectivity P. M. Bellan1 Received] Noctilucent clouds, tiny cold electrically charged ice grains located at about 85 km altitude, exhibit by assuming the ice grains are coated by a thin metal film; substantial evidence exists indicating

Bellan, Paul M.

368

Eutrophication is a major environmental problem often caused when excess nutrients from agriculture, lawn fertilization or  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROBLEM Eutrophication is a major environmental problem often caused when excess nutrients from blooms in lakes and rivers. Efforts to prevent or reverse eutrophication in freshwater typically focus and releases its absorbed phosphate into the water, thus promoting eutrophication. Oxygen in the water can

Entekhabi, Dara

369

It seems size does matter in the brain. Even the smallest stroke can cause widespread damage.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Health It seems size does matter in the brain. Even the smallest stroke can cause widespread damage by blocking blood vessels called arterioles, stopping blood from reaching capillaries deeper in the brain the blockage. Block several and you can knock out entire brain regions as the damage travels even in areas

Kleinfeld, David

370

Root causes of frustrations and inefficiency must be solved with needed foundation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Root causes of frustrations and inefficiency must be solved with needed foundation. Build the Foundation Roadmap: From the Ground Up OpenMSU Work Efficiency Job Satisfaction Lay the Cornerstones Fix Process Pains Add Finish Work Certain cornerstones are needed, based on foundation, before processes can

Maxwell, Bruce D.

371

First report of bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearumon eucalypts in South Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First report of bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearumon eucalypts in South Africa BY T. A of Pretoria, 0002 Pretoria, South Africa. E-mail: Teresa. Coutinho@FABI.up.ac.za; 3 Department of Microbiology and Biochemistry, University of the Orange Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa; 4 Agricultural

372

Large Plastic Deformation in High-Capacity Lithium-Ion Batteries Caused by Charge and Discharge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large Plastic Deformation in High-Capacity Lithium-Ion Batteries Caused by Charge and Discharge, Massachusetts 02138 Evidence has accumulated recently that a high-capacity elec- trode of a lithium-ion battery in the particle is high, possibly leading to fracture and cavitation. I. Introduction LITHIUM-ION batteries

Suo, Zhigang

373

Energy and Environment: Progress and Existence Energy Provides Existence and Is Cause for Change (hopefully Progress)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy and Environment: Progress and Existence Energy Provides Existence and Is Cause for Change (hopefully Progress) Energy is possessed (thus equilibrium property) by material systems and redistributed-displacement interactions (process) towards the equilibrium (equi- partition of energy over mass and space); thus energy

Kostic, Milivoje M.

374

Almost everyone knows that lead-based paint caused serious health problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as contaminat- ed food and drinking water. Imported foods in lead- soldered cans and foods served in lead. It accumulates in the body and can cause lead poisoning. Even at low concen- trations, when there are no outward poisoning may diminish if the source of exposure is removed, but some damage is permanent. Symptoms of lead

375

Hanford Single-Shell Tank Leak Causes and Locations - 241-B Farm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document identifies 241-B Tank Farm (B Farm) leak cause and locations for the 100 series leaking tank (241-B-107) identified in RPP-RPT-49089, Hanford B-Farm Leak Inventory Assessments Report. This document satisfies the B Farm portion of the target (T04) in the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order milestone M-045-91F.

Girardot, Crystal L. [Washington River Protection Systems, Richland, WA (United States); Harlow, Donald G. [Washington River Protection Systems, Richland, WA (United States)

2013-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

376

White-etching matter in bearing steel Part 2: Distinguishing cause and eect in bearing steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White-etching matter in bearing steel Part 2: Distinguishing cause and eect in bearing steel through a mechanism called "white-structure flaking", has triggered many studies of microstructural damage associated with "white-etching ar- eas" created during rolling contact fatigue, although whether

Cambridge, University of

377

Effective sea-level rise and deltas: Causes of change and human dimension implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effective sea-level rise and deltas: Causes of change and human dimension implications Jason P January 2006 Abstract An assessment is made of contemporary effective sea-level rise (ESLR) for a sample of eustatic sea-level rise, the natural gross rate of fluvial sediment deposition and subsidence

New Hampshire, University of

378

38Name ________________________________ Solar Proton Events can cause satellite damage and produce harmful radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the solar panels 10% larger to they produce 4900 watts at launch. By the end of 2004, the power will have38Name ________________________________ Solar Proton Events can cause satellite damage and produce the SPEs between 1997 and 2004 with intensities greater than 300 pico-Flux Units (pFU). Study this table

379

Wind turbine amplitude modulation: research to improve understanding as to its cause & effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind turbine amplitude modulation: research to improve understanding as to its cause & effect M. M-27 April 2012, Nantes, France 811 #12;of wind turbines is presently receiving a high focus of attention. Whilst the acceptability of audible noise from wind turbines continues to be the subject of considerable

Boyer, Edmond

380

A Multi-Model Assessment of Regional Climate Disparities Caused by Solar Geoengineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A Multi-Model Assessment of Regional Climate Disparities Caused by Solar Geoengineering Normal University, Beijing, China. 9 School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University levels. G1 involves a reduction in solar irradiance to counteract the radiative forcing5 in abrupt4xCO2

Robock, Alan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

New ice core evidence for a volcanic cause of the A.D. 536 dust veil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New ice core evidence for a volcanic cause of the A.D. 536 dust veil L. B. Larsen,1 B. M. Vinther,1. [1] New and well-dated evidence of sulphate deposits in Greenland and Antarctic ice cores indicate a substantial and extensive atmospheric acidic dust veil at A.D. 533­534 ± 2 years. This was likely produced

Nicolussi, Kurt

382

IMPACTS TO BIRDS CAUSED BY WIND ENERGY GENERATION 4.1 INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

77 CHAPTER 4 IMPACTS TO BIRDS CAUSED BY WIND ENERGY GENERATION 4.1 INTRODUCTION Bird mortality studies reporting on wind energy facilities elsewhere regularly report that bird mortality in the APWRA is unusually high there and is, therefore, an anomaly among wind energy facilities in the United States. We

383

Persistent global proton aurora caused by high solar wind dynamic pressure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Persistent global proton aurora caused by high solar wind dynamic pressure K. M. Laundal1 and N] Global images of the proton aurora taken with the SI-12 camera onboard the IMAGE satellite reveal a very direct relationship between the solar wind dynamic pressure and the intensity of the global proton aurora

Bergen, Universitetet i

384

Fire blight of apple blossoms Fireblight of apples and pears, caused by the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fire blight of apple blossoms Fireblight of apples and pears, caused by the bacterium Erwinia. W. Lightner. 1990. Predicting apple blossom infections by Erwinia amylovora using the Maryblyt model for forecasting fire blight disease in apples and pears. University of Maryland, College Park, MD. #12;

385

Copper Stress Causes an in Vivo Requirement for the Escherichia coli Disulfide Isomerase DsbC*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copper Stress Causes an in Vivo Requirement for the Escherichia coli Disulfide Isomerase Dsb an increased sensitiv- ity to the redox-active metal copper. We find that copper catalyzes periplasmic disulfide bond formation under aerobic conditions and that copper catalyzes the formation of disulfide

Bardwell, James

386

Nitrogen management is essential to prevent tropical oil palm plantations from causing ground-level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nitrogen management is essential to prevent tropical oil palm plantations from causing ground-level ozone pollution C. N. Hewitta,1 , A. R. MacKenziea , P. Di Carlob , C. F. Di Marcoc , J. R. Dorseyd , MCentre for Ecology and Hydrology, Penicuik, Edinburgh EH26 0QB, United Kingdom; dSchool of Earth, Atmospheric

387

Response to ``Comment on `Ultrasound-induced lung hemorrhage is not caused by inertial cavitation'''  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Response to ``Comment on `Ultrasound-induced lung hemorrhage is not caused by inertial cavitation cavitation nuclei in lung versus other tissues such that overpressure does not affect the inertial cavitation this question, let us first be clear as to what we believe would and would not constitute inertial cavitation

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

388

Xylem cavitation caused by drought and freezing stress in four co-occurring Juniperus species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Xylem cavitation caused by drought and freezing stress in four co-occurring Juniperus species: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2006.00644.x Previous studies indicate that conifers are vulnerable to cavitation cavitation, along with wood density, conduit reinforcement, trac- heid diameter, and hydraulic conductivity

Jackson, Robert B.

389

Studying the Causes of Recent Climate Change Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Studying the Causes of Recent Climate Change Ben Santer Program for Climate Model Diagnosis of evidence suggests a discernible human influence on global climate" "There is new and stronger evidence that most of the warming observed over the last 50 years is attributable to human activities" "Most

Kammen, Daniel M.

390

Ocean acidification causes bleaching and productivity loss in coral reef builders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will show delayed and mixed responses. climate change global warming carbon dioxide Great Barrier ReefOcean acidification causes bleaching and productivity loss in coral reef builders K. R. N. Anthony1 with warming. Here, we report on an 8-week study that compared bleaching, productivity, and calcification

391

Abstract: Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS) produce fluctuating output power, which may cause voltage fluctuations and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: An approach to model the solar cell system with coupled multi-physics equations (photovoltaic, electrothermalAbstract: Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS) produce fluctuating output power, which may cause in a network of any size can be performed. An algorithm for flicker measurement in the frequency do- main

Gross, George

392

Is condensation the cause of plasma leakage in microporous hollow ber membrane oxygenators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the analysis predicts that the gas heats up to the temperature of blood ¯ow outside of the ®bers after passingIs condensation the cause of plasma leakage in microporous hollow ®ber membrane oxygenators Laura W of the oxygenator. Condensation of water vapor on the pore walls is thought to be a possible precursor to plasma

Federspiel, William J.

393

Dietary mercury exposure causes decreased escape takeoff flight performance and increased molt rate in European starlings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dietary mercury exposure causes decreased escape takeoff flight performance and increased molt rate 2014 Ã? Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014 Abstract Mercury is a widespread and persistent that forage from primarily terrestrial sources have shown evidence of bioaccumula- tion of mercury, but little

Swaddle, John

394

Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip on seismogenic faults. We derive the full vector displacement field due to the Bam, Iran, earthquake of moment on deformation associated with the Mw ¼ 6.5 Bam earthquake in Iran determined using the SAR data from the ERS

395

PERSPECTIVE Patterns and causes of species richness: a general simulation model for macroecology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IDEA AND PERSPECTIVE Patterns and causes of species richness: a general simulation model. The output from such a general simulation model (GSM) would, at a minimum, consist of the simulated forces. As an alternative, we propose a mechanistic modelling approach. We describe computer simulation

Arita, Héctor T.

396

An Exploration of Bicycle-Motor Vehicle Crash Types and Causes in Portland-Metro, Oregon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Exploration of Bicycle-Motor Vehicle Crash Types and Causes in Portland-Metro, Oregon by Kouros. This research project investigates ways to improve traffic safety, focusing specifically on bicycle- motor of BMV crashes resulted in fatal injury and 127 of resulted in incapacitating injury. Each bicycle crash

Bertini, Robert L.

397

On the causes of mid-Pliocene warmth and polar amplification Daniel J. Lunt a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the causes of mid-Pliocene warmth and polar amplification Daniel J. Lunt a, , Alan M. Haywood b , Gavin A. Schmidt c , Ulrich Salzmann d , Paul J. Valdes a , Harry J. Dowsett e , Claire A. Loptson interglacials sea levels were higher than today (estimated to be 10 to 30+m) meaning that global ice volume

398

Modelling and simulation of skin-stretch-caused motion artefacts in single-channel ECG signal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling and simulation of skin-stretch-caused motion artefacts in single-channel ECG signal in better understanding of artefacts in ECG and in developing model-based techniques for cleaning or interpreting noisy ECG signals. This work com- bines existing experimental results from the field of skin

Hamburg,.Universität

399

Techniques to evaluate the importance of common cause degradation on reliability and safety of nuclear weapons.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the nuclear weapon stockpile ages, there is increased concern about common degradation ultimately leading to common cause failure of multiple weapons that could significantly impact reliability or safety. Current acceptable limits for the reliability and safety of a weapon are based on upper limits on the probability of failure of an individual item, assuming that failures among items are independent. We expanded the current acceptable limits to apply to situations with common cause failure. Then, we developed a simple screening process to quickly assess the importance of observed common degradation for both reliability and safety to determine if further action is necessary. The screening process conservatively assumes that common degradation is common cause failure. For a population with between 100 and 5000 items we applied the screening process and conclude the following. In general, for a reliability requirement specified in the Military Characteristics (MCs) for a specific weapon system, common degradation is of concern if more than 100(1-x)% of the weapons are susceptible to common degradation, where x is the required reliability expressed as a fraction. Common degradation is of concern for the safety of a weapon subsystem if more than 0.1% of the population is susceptible to common degradation. Common degradation is of concern for the safety of a weapon component or overall weapon system if two or more components/weapons in the population are susceptible to degradation. Finally, we developed a technique for detailed evaluation of common degradation leading to common cause failure for situations that are determined to be of concern using the screening process. The detailed evaluation requires that best estimates of common cause and independent failure probabilities be produced. Using these techniques, observed common degradation can be evaluated for effects on reliability and safety.

Darby, John L.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Measurements of Fission Products from the Fukushima Daiichi Incident in San Francisco Bay Area Air Filters, Automobile Filters, Rainwater, and Food  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A variety of environmental media were analyzed for fallout radionuclides resulting from the Fukushima nuclear accident by the Low Background Facility (LBF) at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) in Berkeley, CA. Monitoring activities in air and rainwater began soon after the onset of the March 11, 2011 tsunami and are reported here through the end of 2012. Observed fallout isotopes include $^{131}$I, $^{132}$I,$^{132}$Te,$^{134}$Cs, $^{136}$Cs, and $^{137}$Cs. Isotopes were measured on environmental air filters, automobile filters, and in rainwater. An additional analysis of rainwater in search of $^{90}$Sr is also presented. Last, a series of food measurements conducted in September of 2013 are included due to extended media concerns of $^{134, 137}$Cs in fish. Similar measurements of fallout from the Chernobyl disaster at LBNL, previously unpublished publicly, are also presented here as a comparison with the Fukushima incident. All measurements presented also include natural radionuclides found...

Smith, A R; Norman, E B; Hurley, D L; Lo, B T; Chan, Y D; Guillaumon, P V; Harvey, B G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Differential cross section of gamma n to K+ Sigma- on bound neutrons with incident photons from 1.1 to 3.6 GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Differential cross sections of the reaction gamma d to K+ Sigma- (p) have been measured with the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab using incident photons with energies between 1.1 and 3.6 GeV. This is the first complete set of strangeness photoproduction data on the neutron covering a broad angular range. At energies close to threshold and up to E_gamma ~ 1.8 GeV, the shape of the angular distribution is suggestive of the presence of s-channel production mechanisms. For E_gamma > 1.8 GeV, a clear forward peak appears and becomes more prominent as the photon energy increases, suggesting contributions from t-channel production mechanisms. These data can be used to constrain future analysis of this reaction.

S. Anefalos Pereira; M. Mirazita; P. Rossi; E. De Sanctis; G. Niculescu; I. Niculescu; S. Stepanyan; for the CLAS Collaboration

2010-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

402

Hanford Single-Shell Tank Leak Causes and Locations - 241-A Farm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document identifies 241-A Tank Farm (A Farm) leak causes and locations for the 100 series leaking tanks (241-A-104 and 241-A-105) identified in RPP-ENV-37956, Hanford A and AX Farm Leak Assessment Report. This document satisfies the A Farm portion of the target (T04) in the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order milestone M-045-91F.

Girardot, Crystal L.; Harlow, Donald G.

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

403

A robust Bayesian approach to modeling epistemic uncertainty in common-cause failure models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a standard Bayesian approach to the alpha-factor model for common-cause failure, a precise Dirichlet prior distribution models epistemic uncertainty in the alpha-factors. This Dirichlet prior is then updated with observed data to obtain a posterior distribution, which forms the basis for further inferences. In this paper, we adapt the imprecise Dirichlet model of Walley to represent epistemic uncertainty in the alpha-factors. In this approach, epistemic uncertainty is expressed more cautiously via lower and upper expectations for each alpha-factor, along with a learning parameter which determines how quickly the model learns from observed data. For this application, we focus on elicitation of the learning parameter, and find that values in the range of 1 to 10 seem reasonable. The approach is compared with Kelly and Atwood's minimally informative Dirichlet prior for the alpha-factor model, which incorporated precise mean values for the alpha-factors, but which was otherwise quite diffuse. Next, we explore the use of a set of Gamma priors to model epistemic uncertainty in the marginal failure rate, expressed via a lower and upper expectation for this rate, again along with a learning parameter. As zero counts are generally less of an issue here, we find that the choice of this learning parameter is less crucial. Finally, we demonstrate how both epistemic uncertainty models can be combined to arrive at lower and upper expectations for all common-cause failure rates. Thereby, we effectively provide a full sensitivity analysis of common-cause failure rates, properly reflecting epistemic uncertainty of the analyst on all levels of the common-cause failure model.

Matthias C. M. Troffaes; Gero Walter; Dana Kelly

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Hanford Single-Shell Tank Leak Causes and Locations - 241-T Farm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document identifies 241-T Tank Farm (T Farm) leak causes and locations for the 100 series leaking tanks (241-T-106 and 241-T-111) identified in RPP-RPT-55084, Rev. 0, Hanford 241-T Farm Leak Inventory Assessment Report. This document satisfies the T Farm portion of the target (T04) in the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order milestone M-045-91F.

Girardot, Crystal L.; Harlow, Donald G.

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

405

Circuit bridging of digital equipment caused by smoke from a cable fire  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advanced reactor systems are likely to use protection systems with digital electronics that ideally should be resistant to environmental hazards, including smoke from possible cable fires. Previous smoke tests have shown that digital safety systems can fail even at relatively low levels of smoke density and that short-term failures are likely to be caused by circuit bridging. Experiments were performed to examine these failures, with a focus on component packaging and protection schemes. Circuit bridging, which causes increased leakage currents and arcs, was gauged by measuring leakage currents among the leads of component packages. The resistance among circuit leads typically varies over a wide range, depending on the nature of the circuitry between the pins, bias conditions, circuit board material, etc. Resistance between leads can be as low as 20 k{Omega} and still be good, depending on the component. For these tests, the authors chose a printed circuit board and components that normally have an interlead resistance above 10{sup 12} {Omega}, but if the circuit is exposed to smoke, circuit bridging causes the resistance to fall below 10{sup 3} {Omega}. Plated-through-hole (PTH) and surface-mounted (SMT) packages were exposed to a series of different smoke environments using a mixture of environmentally qualified cables for fuel. Conformal coatings and enclosures were tested as circuit protection methods. High fuel levels, high humidity, and high flaming burns were the conditions most likely to cause circuit bridging. The inexpensive conformal coating that was tested - an acrylic spray - reduced leakage currents, but enclosure in a chassis with a fan did not. PTH packages were more resistant to smoke-induced circuit bridging than SMT packages. Active components failed most often in tests where the leakage currents were high, but failure did not always accompany high leakage currents.

Tanaka, T.J.; Anderson, D.J.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Hanford Single Shell Tank Leak Causes and Locations - 241-TX Farm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document identifies 241-TX Tank Farm (TX Farm) leak causes and locations for the 100 series leaking tanks (241-TX-107 and 241-TX-114) identified in RPP-RPT-50870, Rev. 0, Hanford 241-TX Farm Leak Inventory Assessment Report. This document satisfies the TX Farm portion of the target (T04) in the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order milestone M-045-91F.

Girardot, C. L.; Harlow, D> G.

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

407

Hanford Single-Shell Tank Leak Causes and Locations - 241-U Farm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document identifies 241-U Tank Farm (U Farm) leak causes and locations for the 100 series leaking tanks (241-U-104, 241-U-110, and 241-U-112) identified in RPP-RPT-50097, Rev. 0, Hanford 241-U Farm Leak Inventory Assessment Report. This document satisfies the U-Farm portion of the target (T04) in the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order milestone M-045-91F.

Girardot, Crystal L.; Harlow, Donald G.

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

408

Hanford Single-Shell Tank Leak Causes and Locations - 241-C Farm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document identifies 241-C Tank Farm (C Farm) leak causes and locations for the 100 series leaking tanks (241-C-101 and 241-C-105) identified in RPP-RPT-33418, Rev. 2, Hanford C-Farm Leak Inventory Assessments Report. This document satisfies the C Farm portion of the target (T04) in the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order milestone M-045-91F.

Girardot, Crystal L.; Harlow, Donald G.

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

409

Mechanisms of bioprosthetic heart valve failure: Fatigue causes collagen denaturation and glycosaminoglycan loss  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

caused progressive damage to the molecular structure of type I collagen as assessed by Fourier transform aortic valve cusps were 65.2 ± 8.66 g uronic acid/10 mg of dry weight for control and 7.91 ± 1.1 g uronic acid/10 mg of dry weight for 10­300 million cycled cusps. Together, these molecular changes contribute

Zand, Robert

410

Investigations of the cause of fishkills in fish-rearing facilities in Raven Fork watershed  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An investigation was undertaken to determine the cause of fishkills in trout-rearing facilities located adjacent to Raven Fork Creek within the Cherokee Indian Reservation in North Carolina. Approximately 50,000 rainbow trout were lost at the Blankenship trout farm-a commercial facility-following eight storm events between March 31 and December 2, 1981. In addition, 524 trophy-size trout died in three ponds operated by the Cherokee tribe for stocking reservation streams. It was found fishkills in the trout farm could be prevented by adding lime to water from the creek as it was pumped into the facility; this strengthened the assumption acidity (H/sup +/) was responsible for the fishkills. Mortality of trophy trout was stopped by routing water from nearby springs to the ponds during and following rain events. Because of concern that these fishkills might be caused by acid rain, TVA was requested by the Cherokee tribe to assist in determining the cause. Limited studies were conducted during March through August 1982 to test two hypotheses: (1) concentrations of H/sup +/ and soluble aluminum in Raven Fork following storm events were high enough to kill rainbow trout and (2) atmospheric deposition was a greater source of stream H/sup +/ than acid-producing geologic formations or the forest soils.

Jones, H.C.; Noggle, J.C.; Young, R.C.; Kelly, J.M.; Olem, H.; Ruane, R.J.; Pasch, R.W.; Hyfantis, G.J.; Parkhurst, W.J.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

A protocol for investigation of the effects of outdoor air pollution on stroke incidence, phenotypes and survival using the South London Stroke Register  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Stroke is a major cause of death and disability. About 5.3 million people die every year from stroke worldwide with over 9 million people surviving at any one time after suffering a stroke. About 1 in 4 men and 1 in 5 women aged 45 years...

Maheswaran, Ravi; Pearson, Tim; Campbell, Michael J; Haining, Robert P; McLeod, Cameron W; Smeeton, Nigel; Wolfe, Charles D A

2006-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

412

MODELING OF PLANE-WAVE INCIDENCE ON A TWISTED-WIRE PAIR BUNDLE FOR RF INGRESS ESTIMATION IN DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is electromagnetic interference (EMI) caused by external radio sources that operate in the same frequency band) system consisting of a bundle of twisted-wire pairs (TWPs) in the presence of electromagnetic interference (EMI) is presented. The objective of such a model is to analyze the susceptibility of TWP bundles

413

Enhanced quantum coherence in graphene caused by Pd cluster deposition and its zero-temperature saturation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the unexpected increase in the dephasing lengths of a graphene sheet caused by the deposition of Pd nanoclusters, as demonstrated by weak localization measurements. The dephasing lengths reached saturated values at low temperatures, which was essentially related to zero-temperature dephasing. The temperature-dependent dephasing was described by 1/(TlnT) and the saturated dephasing period was found to depend on {\\sigma}le, revealing disorder-induced zero-temperature dephasing in our defect-enriched graphene. Taken together with our theoretical calculations, we suggest that competition between surface scattering and charge transfer leads to the improvement of quantum coherence in cluster-decorated graphene.

Yuyuan Qin; Junhao Han; Guoping Guo; Zhaoguo Li; Yongping Du; You Song; Li Pi; Xuefeng Wang; Xiangang Wan; Wei Ning; Feng Miao; Xinran Wang; Zhe Qu; Jianfeng Zhou; Jianguo Wan; Min Han; Fengqi Song; Baigeng Wang; Guanghou Wang

2014-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

414

Hanford Single-Shell Tank Leak Causes and Locations - 241-BY and 241-TY Farm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document identifies 241-BY Tank Farm (BY Farm) and 241-TY Tank Farm (TY Farm) lead causes and locations for the 100 series leaking tanks (241-BY-103, 241-TY-103, 241-TY-104, 241-TY-105 and 241-TY-106) identified in RPP-RPT-43704, Hanford BY Farm Leak Assessments Report, and in RPP-RPT-42296, Hanford TY Farm Leak Assessments Report. This document satisfies the BY and TY Farm portion of the target (T04) in the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order milestone M-045-91F.

Girardot, Crystal L.; Harlow, Donald G.

2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

415

Hanford Single-Shell Tank Leak Causes and Locations - 241-BY and 241-TY Farm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document identifies 241-BY Tank Farm (BY Farm) and 241-TY Tank Farm (TY Farm) leak causes and locations for the 100 series leaking tanks (241-BY-103, 241-TY-103, 241-TY-104, 241-TY-105, and 241-TY-106) identified in RPP-RPT-43704, Hanford BY Farm Leak Assessments Report, and in RPP-RPT-42296, Hanford TY Farm Leak Assessments Report. This document satisfies the BY and TY Farm portion of the target (T04) in Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order milestone M-045-91F.

Girardot, Crystal L.; Harlow, Donald G.

2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

416

Book Review: Rapid Climate Change: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions, by Scott G. McNall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

literature as a whole, McNall also stresses how scientists in the field agree on the matter: There is, among climate scientists, enormous consensus about our changing planet. …We know for sure that CO2 build-up causes the Earth to warm and we know... Change clearly outlines the science behind global warming and the deceptive tactics used by climate change contrarians, it also focuses on how we have addressed emissions problems. McNall briefly describes the advantages and disadvantages of carbon...

Ternes, Brock

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Scour around a group of circular piles caused by waves and currents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Major Subject: Ocean Engineering SCOUR AROUND A GROUP OF CIRCULAR PILES CAUSED BY WAVES AND CURRENTS A Thesis by TA-YANG LEE Approved as to style and content by: John B. Herbich (Chairman of Committee) Robert O. Reid (Member) Gi lio V... ) 50 10 FIG. 2. ? Critical shear stress for Quartz sediment in water as function of grain size 10 10 e a 1 V o 5 upper (tmit "1" 1 " m o 1 5 5 1 o So Mean Sediment Size& mm FIG. 3. ? Critical water velocities for Quartz sediment as function...

Lee, Ta-Yang

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Hanford Single-Shell Tank Leak Causes and Locations - 241-SX Farm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document identifies 241-SX Tank Farm (SX Farm) leak causes and locations for the 100 series leaking tanks (241-SX-107, 241-SX-108, 241-SX-109, 241-SX-111, 241-SX-112, 241-SX-113, 241-SX-114, and 241-SX-115) identified in RPP-ENV-39658, Rev. 0, Hanford SX-Farm Leak Assessments Report. This document satisfies the SX Farm portion of the target (T04) in the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order milestone M-045-91F.

Girardot, Crystal L. [Washington River Protection Solutions (United States); Harlow, Donald G. [Washington River Protection Solutions (United States)

2014-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

419

Los Alamos racquetball contamination incident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several employees of the Los Alamos Plutonium Facility were found to have low levels of radioactivity on their hands and clothing when they arrived for work one morning. The initial concern was that the stringent contamination or material controls at the facility had failed, and that one or more of the employees had either accidentally or intentionally removed plutonium from the Laboratory premises. Fortunately, however, an investigation revealed that the source of the radioactivity was radon daughters electrostatically collected upon the surface of the racquetball and transferred by physical contact to the employees during an early morning racquetball game. This paper describes the events leading to the discovery of this phenomenon. 1 figure.

McAtee, J.L.; Stafford, R.G.; Dowdy, E.J.; Prestwood, R.J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Handheld reader Incident wave Microwave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Moisture Detection Utilizing Carbon Nanotube Arnaud Vena, A. Ali Babar, Lauri Sydänheimo and Leena Ukkonen-printing a dual rhombic loop scatterer on a flexible substrate having a size of 4x2cm2 only. This sensor operates in the ISM band at 2.45 GHz. The scatterer is doped with a thin layer of carbon nanotube- based organic ink

Tentzeris, Manos

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Reporting of Nuclear Incidents (Connecticut)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Each operator of a nuclear power generating facility shall notify the Commissioner of Environmental Protection or his designee, which may be another State Agency, as soon as possible but in all...

422

The incident at Stagg Field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A brief history of the events leading up to the first controlled release of atomic energy under the abandoned West Stands of Scagg Field at the University of Chicago on December 2, 1942. This experiment was a milestone in a multifaceted project geared toward producing an atomic bomb in time to affect the outcome of World War II. This article traces the origins of the Manhattan Project from the first letter written by Einstein to the first successful graphite modulated chain reacting pile and including a brief afterward on the use of the bombs produced by this project on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Other articles in this magazine also discuss various aspects of the project and serve, along with this article, as a commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the first controlled chain reaction.

Moore, M.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Incident Management | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehicles »Exchange Visitors HistoryHybrid Wind andImprovingManagement

424

LANL responds to radiological incident  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformationPostdocs &Jeff Yarbrough joins Los AlamosLANLLANL

425

Transgenic plants are sensitive bioindicators of nuclear pollution caused by the Chernobyl accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To evaluate the genetic consequences of radioactive contamination originating from the Nuclear reactor accident of Chernobyl on indigenous populations of plants and animals, it is essential to determine the rates of accumulating genetic changes in chronically irradiated populations. An increase in germline mutation rates in humans living close to the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant site, and a two- to tenfold increase in germline mutations in barn swallows breeding in Chernobyl have been reported. Little is known, however, about the effects of chronic irradiation on plant genomes. Ionizing radiation causes double-strand breaks in DNA, which are repaired via illegitimate or homologous recombination. The authors make use of Arabidopsis thaliana plants carrying a {beta}-glucuronidase marker gene as a recombination substrate to monitor genetic alterations in plant populations, which are caused by nuclear pollution of the environment around Chernobyl. A significant increase in somatic intrachromosomal recombination frequencies was observed at nuclear pollution levels from 0.1--900 Ci/km{sup 2}, consistent with an increase in chromosomal aberrations. This bioindicator may serve as a convenient and ethically acceptable alternative to animal systems.

Kovalchuk, I.; Kovalchuk, O. [Ivano-Frankivsk State Medical Academy (Ukraine)]|[Friedrich Miescher Inst., Basel (Switzerland); Arkhipov, A. [Chernobyl Scientific and Technical Center of International Research (Ukraine); Hohn, B. [Friedrich Miescher Inst., Basel (Switzerland)

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Measurements of Fission Products from the Fukushima Daiichi Incident in San Francisco Bay Area Air Filters, Automobile Filters, Rainwater, and Food  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A variety of environmental media were analyzed for fallout radionuclides resulting from the Fukushima nuclear accident by the Low Background Facility (LBF) at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) in Berkeley, CA. Monitoring activities in air and rainwater began soon after the onset of the March 11, 2011 tsunami and are reported here through the end of 2012. Observed fallout isotopes include $^{131}$I, $^{132}$I,$^{132}$Te,$^{134}$Cs, $^{136}$Cs, and $^{137}$Cs. Isotopes were measured on environmental air filters, automobile filters, and in rainwater. An additional analysis of rainwater in search of $^{90}$Sr is also presented. Last, a series of food measurements conducted in September of 2013 are included due to extended media concerns of $^{134, 137}$Cs in fish. Similar measurements of fallout from the Chernobyl disaster at LBNL, previously unpublished publicly, are also presented here as a comparison with the Fukushima incident. All measurements presented also include natural radionuclides found in the environment to provide a basis for comparison.

A. R. Smith; K. J. Thomas; E. B. Norman; D. L. Hurley; B. T. Lo; Y. D. Chan; P. V. Guillaumon; B. G. Harvey

2013-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

427

Production of K+ and of K- Mesons in Heavy-Ion Collisions from 0.6 to 2.0 AGeV Incident Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper summarizes the yields and the emission patterns of K+ and of K- mesons measured in inclusive C+C, Ni+Ni and Au+Au collisions at incident energies from 0.6 AGeV to 2.0 AGeV using the Kaon Spectrometer KaoS at GSI. For Ni+Ni collisions at 1.5 and at 1.93 AGeV as well as for Au+Au at 1.5 AGeV detailed results of the multiplicities, of the inverse slope parameters of the energy distributions and of the anisotropies in the angular emission patterns as a function of the collision centrality are presented. When comparing transport-model calculations to the measured K+ production yields an agreement is only obtained for a soft nuclear equation of state (compression modulus KN ~ 200 MeV). The production of K- mesons at energies around 1 to 2 AGeV is dominated by the strangeness-exchange reaction K- N pi Y (Y = Lambda, Sigma) which leads to a coupling between the K- and the K+ yields. However, both particle species show distinct differences in their emission patterns suggesting different freeze-out conditions for K+ and for K- mesons.

A. Foerster; F. Uhlig; I. Boettcher; D. Brill; M. Debowski; F. Dohrmann; E. Grosse; P. Koczon; B. Kohlmeyer; S. Lang; F. Laue; M. Mang; M. Menzel; C. Muentz; L. Naumann; H. Oeschler; M. Ploskon; W. Scheinast; A. Schmah; T. J. Schuck; E. Schwab; P. Senger; Y. Shin; J. Speer; H. Stroebele; C. Sturm; G. Surowka; A. Wagner; W. Walus

2007-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

428

Toward a self-consistent model of the interaction between an ultra-intense, normally incident laser pulse with an overdense plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Following a recent work by Sanz et al. [Phys. Rev. E 85, 046411 (2012)], we elaborate upon a one-dimensional model describing the interaction between an ultra-intense, normally incident laser pulse and an overdense plasma. The analytical solutions of the reflected laser field, the electrostatic field, and the plasma surface oscillation are obtained within the cold-fluid approximation. The high-order harmonic spectrum is calculated from the exact solution of the plasma surface oscillations. In agreement with particle-in-cell simulations, two regimes of harmonic generation are predicted: for moderately relativistic laser intensities, or high plasma densities, the harmonic spectrum is determined by the discontinuity in the derivative of the reflected field when the electron plasma boundary oscillates across the fixed ion boundary. For higher intensities, the electron plasma boundary is confined inside the ion region and oscillates at relativistic velocities, giving rise to a train of reflected attosecond pulses. In both cases, the harmonic spectrum obeys an asymptotic ?{sup ?4} scaling. The acceleration of electrons and the related laser absorption efficiency are computed by a test particle method. The model self-consistently reproduces the transition between the “anomalous skin effect” and the “J × B” heating predicted by particle-in-cell simulations. Analytical estimates of the different scalings are presented.

Debayle, A. [CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France) [CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France); ETSI Aeronáuticos. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Sanz, J. [ETSI Aeronáuticos. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid 28040 (Spain)] [ETSI Aeronáuticos. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Gremillet, L. [CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France)] [CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France); Mima, K. [School for the Creation of Photonic Industries, Shizuoka 431-1202 (Japan)] [School for the Creation of Photonic Industries, Shizuoka 431-1202 (Japan)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

429

High-resolution grazing-incidence grating spectrometer for temperature measurements of low-Z ions emitting in the 100–300 Å spectral band  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have constructed a high-resolution grazing-incidence spectrometer designed for measuring the ion temperature of low-Z elements, such as Li{sup +} or Li{sup 2+}, which radiate near 199 Å and 135 Å, respectively. Based on measurements at the Livermore Electron Beam Ion Trap we have shown that the instrumental resolution is better than 48 mÅ at the 200 Å setting and better than 40 mÅ for the 135-Å range. Such a high spectral resolution corresponds to an instrumental limit for line-width based temperature measurements of about 45 eV for the 199 Å Li{sup +} and 65 eV for the 135 Å Li{sup 2+} lines. Recently obtained survey spectra from the Lithium Tokamak Experiment at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory show the presence of these lithium emission lines and the expected core ion temperature of approximately 70 eV is sufficiently high to demonstrate the feasibility of utilizing our high-resolution spectrometer as an ion-temperature diagnostic.

Widmann, K., E-mail: widmann1@llnl.gov; Beiersdorfer, P.; Magee, E. W. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Boyle, D. P.; Kaita, R.; Majeski, R. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

430

UCF-3.0124 Discipline and Termination for Cause of Non-unit Faculty and A&P Staff Members.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UCF-3.0124 Discipline and Termination for Cause of Non-unit Faculty and A&P Staff Members. (1) Just cause shall be defined as: (a) Incompetence; or (b) Misconduct. (2) Termination and Suspension. (a) The appointment of a non-unit faculty or an A&P staff member may be terminated or suspended during its term

Van Stryland, Eric

431

Managing scab diseases of potato and radish caused by Streptomyces spp. using Bacillus amyloliquefaciens BAC03 and other biomaterials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Managing scab diseases of potato and radish caused by Streptomyces spp. using Bacillus Field evaluation Biomaterials a b s t r a c t Streptomyces spp. cause scab in plants like potato ) significantly reduced the severity of common scab in potato and/or radish. In two Michigan fields in 2011

Douches, David S.

432

Mass Spectral Evidence That Small Changes in Composition Caused by Oxidative Aging Processes Alter Aerosol CCN Properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mass Spectral Evidence That Small Changes in Composition Caused by Oxidative Aging Processes Alter that small changes in particle chemical composition caused by oxidation could increase the CCN activity increased cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) activity compared to their hydro- phobic counterparts. At present

433

The Effectiveness of the Cause-MaP System in Teaching Interconnected Complex Earth Systems in a Texas Private School  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

........................................................................................................... 54 vii LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 Exam question used by Clark et al. (2009) in conjunction with question 2 above... 1 Structured questions with example answers from step 2 of the Cause-MaP process(Clark et al., 2009). ................................ 8 2 Tabulation of the answers, from step 2 of the Cause-MaP process, into a structured argument table...

Forshee, Patricia 1987-

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

434

Design of Experiments to Determine Causes of Flex Cable Solder Wicking, Discoloration and Hole Location Defects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Design of Experiments (DoE) were developed and performed in an effort to discover and resolve the causes of three different manufacturing issues; large panel voids after Hot Air Solder Leveling (HASL), cable hole locations out of tolerance after lamination and delamination/solder wicking around flat flex cable circuit lands after HASL. Results from a first DoE indicated large panel voids could be eliminated by removing the pre-HASL cleaning. It also revealed eliminating the pre-HASL bake would not be detrimental when using a hard press pad lamination stackup. A second DoE indicated a reduction in hard press pad stackup lamination pressure reduced panel stretch in the y axis approximately 70%. A third DoE illustrated increasing the pre-HASL bake temperature could reduce delamination/solder wicking when using a soft press pad lamination stackup.

Wolfe, Larry

2009-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

435

Analysis of ammonium sulfate circulation tank failure -- Possible causes and their remediation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Acme steel manufactures a liquid solution of ammonium sulphate by scrubbing the coke oven gas with a dilute solution of sulphuric acid. When the bath reaches a predetermined specific gravity, it is isolated from the system, neutralized with aqua ammonia, pumped to the shipping tanks, re-charged with water and acid, then placed back in service. To improve the ammonia removal efficiency, three circulation tanks are used in this system. In June 1996, the volume of two of the sulfate solution tanks in the ammonia removal plant were increased by two different pressure events. The first tank was damaged by pressure that was not relieved due to a plugged vent line. The second tank was damaged by a pressure event generated during the process of making ammonium sulfate. This paper will discuss the cause of the second tank`s failure, and the design solution to restart the operation of the plant.

O`Hearn, R.J. [Acme Steel, Chicago, IL (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

436

Thermal performance upgrade of the Arkansas Nuclear One cooling tower: A ``root cause`` analysis approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thermal performance efficiency of the natural draft cooling tower at Entergy Operations` 858 MWe Arkansas Nuclear One, Unit 2 was successfully upgraded to 101% of design performance capability in April 1994 as the end result of a unique root-cause analysis of the cooling tower`s long-standing performance deficiencies. Through application of state-of-the-art diagnostic testing methods and computer modeling techniques, Entergy was able to identify and correct air/water maldistribution problems in the 447 foot tall counterflow cooling tower at minimal cost. Entergy estimates that the savings realized, as a result of the 1.2 F reduction in cooling tower outlet water temperature, will pay for the thermal upgrade project in approximately 14 months.

Liffick, G.W. [Entergy Operations, Inc., Russellville, AR (United States); Cooper, J.W. Jr. [John Cooper and Associates, Tampa, FL (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Analysis of the causes of failure in high chrome oxide refractory materials from slagging gasifiers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High Cr2O3 refractory materials are used to line the hot face of slagging gasifiers. Gasifiers are reaction chambers that convert water, oxygen, and a carbon feedstock into CO, H2, and methane at temperatures as high as 1575oC and pressures up to 1000 psi. Ash in the carbon feedstock liquefies, erodes and corrodes the gasifier’s refractory liner, contributing to liner failure within a few months to two years. The failure of a refractory liner decreases a gasifier’s on-line availability and causes costly system downtime and repairs. Many factors contribute to refractory lining failure, including slag penetration and corrosion, thermal cycling, gasifier environment, and mechanical loads. The results of refractory post-mortem failure analysis and how observations relate to gasifier service life will be discussed.

Bennett, J.P.; Kwong, K.-S.; Powell, C.A.; Thomas, H.; Krabbe, R.A.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

A robust and efficient method for calculating the magnification of extended sources caused by gravitational lenses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To determine the magnification of an extended source caused by gravitational lensing one has to perform a two-dimensional integral over point-source magnifications in general. Since the point-source magnification jumps to an infinite value on caustics, special care is required. For a uniformly bright source, it has been shown earlier that the calculation simplifies if one determines the magnification from the area of the images of the extended source by applying Green's theorem so that one ends up with a one-dimensional integration over the image boundaries. This approach is discussed here in detail, and it is shown that it can be used to yield a robust and efficient method also for limb-darkened sources. It is also shown that the centroid shift can be calculated in a similar way.

M. Dominik

1998-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

439

Influence of a Weak Field of Pulsed DC Electricity on the Behavior and Incidence of Injury in Adult Steelhead and Pacific Lamprey, Final Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Predation by pinnipeds, such as California sea lions Zalophus californianus, Pacific harbor seals Phoca vitulina, and Stellar sea lions Eumetopias jubatus on adult Pacific salmon Oncorhynchus spp in the lower Columbia River has become a serious concern for fishery managers trying to conserve and restore runs of threatened and endangered fish. As a result, Smith-Root, Incorporated (SRI; Vancouver, Washington), manufacturers of electrofishing and closely-related equipment, proposed a project to evaluate the potential of an electrical barrier to deter marine mammals and reduce the amount of predation on adult salmonids (SRI 2007). The objectives of their work were to develop, deploy, and evaluate a passive, integrated sonar and electric barrier that would selectively inhibit the upstream movements of marine mammals and reduce predation, but would not injure pinnipeds or impact anadromous fish migrations. However, before such a device could be deployed in the field, concerns by regional fishery managers about the potential effects of such a device on the migratory behavior of Pacific salmon, steelhead O. mykiss, Pacific lampreys Entoshpenus tridentata, and white sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus, needed to be addressed. In this report, we describe the results of laboratory research designed to evaluate the effects of prototype electric barriers on adult steelhead and Pacific lampreys. The effects of electricity on fish have been widely studied and include injury or death (e.g., Sharber and Carothers 1988; Dwyer et al. 2001; Snyder 2003), physiological dysfunction (e.g., Schreck et al. 1976; Mesa and Schreck 1989), and altered behavior (Mesa and Schreck 1989). Much of this work was done to investigate the effects of electrofishing on fish in the wild. Because electrofishing operations would always use more severe electrical settings than those proposed for the pinniped barrier, results from these studies are probably not relevant to the work proposed by SRI. Field electrofishing operations typically use high voltage and amperage settings and a variety of waveforms, pulse widths (PW), and pulse frequencies (PF), depending on conditions and target species. For example, when backpack electrofishing for trout in a small stream, one might use settings such as 500 V pulsed DC, a PW of 1 ms, and a PF of 60 Hz. In contrast, the electrical barrier proposed by SRI will produce electrical conditions significantly lower than those used in electrofishing, particularly for PW and PF (e.g., PW ranging from 300-1,000 {micro}s and PF from 2-3 Hz). Further, voltage gradients (in V/cm) are predicted to be lower in the electric barrier than those produced during typical electrofishing. Although the relatively weak, pulsed DC electric fields to be produced by the barrier may be effective at deterring pinnipeds, little, if anything, is known about the effects of such low intensity electrical fields on fish behavior. For this research, we evaluated the effects of weak, pulsed DC electric currents on the behavior of adult steelhead and Pacific lamprey and the incidence of injury in steelhead only. In a series of laboratory experiments, we: (1) documented the rate of passage of fish over miniature, prototype electric barriers when they were on and off; (2) determined some electric thresholds beyond which fish would not pass over the barrier; and (3) assessed the incidence and severity of injury in steelhead exposed to relatively severe electrical conditions. The results of this study should be useful for making decisions about whether to install electrical barriers in the lower Columbia River, or elsewhere, to reduce predation on upstream migrating salmonids and other fishes by marine pinnipeds.

Mesa, Matthew

2009-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

440

Curriculum Vitae Signe Kjelstrup, Prof. Dr.techn. et dr. ing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1971, Grade reported to the King of Norway. Lic.techn. NTH, 1974. Thesis: Complex formations in Alkali-Aluminium Fluoride Melts. Passed with distinction. Dr.techn. NTH, 1982. Thesis: On the Energetics of Coupled

Kjelstrup, Signe

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

INFORMATION EXCELLENTIA CoLumbIA ENgINEErINg 229  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is working on "service engineering," a concept similar to financial engineering. "It is similar to selling their options," he said. "There's an art and science to engineering and pricing services, but it is always easier when they are win-win for buyers and sellers," Gallego said. "I'm using service engineering

Hone, James

442

Chair for Applied Informatics IV Prof. Dr.-Ing. Stefan Jablonski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Architecture Service Provision (Applications) Billing module Service provision (computing, storage) Service) - data security and privacy - availability and sustainability and therefore limits efficiency - usability and ease of use (e.g. single login) - data security and privacy - availability and sustainability

Ullmann, G. Matthias

443

INFORMATION EXCELLENTIA CoLumbIA ENgINEErINg290  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

--be they computers, smart- phones or displays--will depend on understanding the properties of materials on the nanoscale--one-billionth of a meter. Aron Pinczuk's research projects employ advanced optics methods

Hone, James

444

How Firm a Foundation: Faith and Practice in the Works of William Inge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. If the narrative in My Son was his own life story, God was, to use one of his own phrases, “an ornery bastard.” God exacts a price for living a life of leisure and lust; he takes away precious children with the stroke of a razor blade, and he visits gloom upon... tested and punished while on Earth. It is the paradox of faith that you must be both afraid of the wrath of God yet also forgiven for all your sins in the name of his son. This contrast of hope and resurrection with fear and anguish...

Williams, Philip M.

2012-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

445

Wolfram Hoefer, Dr.-Ing. Assistant Professor Department of Landscape Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-09 Design development for the outdoor exhibition Earth from Above at Battery Park City, NYC. Co-PI design" (Munich Green), City of Munich 2003 House Garden (Speyer, Germany), private client 2001 Part time free

Goodman, Robert M.

446

ings regarding the emerging complexity of pu-tatively simple metals under pressure (1, 2, 5,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, in Proceedings of the International School of Physics "Enrico Fermi," R. J. Hemley, G. Chiarotti, M. Bernasconi- dation. W.G. acknowledges support from REU Site for Undergraduate Research Training in Geoscience (NSF

Ballarini, Roberto

447

Computer systems and methods for visualizStolte; Chris ing data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method for forming a visual plot using a hierarchical structure of a dataset. The dataset comprises a measure and a dimension. The dimension consists of a plurality of levels. The plurality of levels form a dimension hierarchy. The visual plot is constructed based on a specification. A first level from the plurality of levels is represented by a first component of the visual plot. A second level from the plurality of levels is represented by a second component of the visual plot. The dataset is queried to retrieve data in accordance with the specification. The data includes all or a portion of the dimension and all or a portion of the measure. The visual plot is populated with the retrieved data in accordance with the specification.

Stolte, Chris; Hanrahan, Patrick

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

448

ing the distribution of those galaxies, the way they clump and spread out, scientists  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

scrutiny. WMAP, SDSS, and a new set of supernova observations re- leased this year are beginning to give. If the dark energy is stronger than a critical value, then it will eventually tear apart galaxies, solar

Yildiz, Ahmet

449

Ingeniera Innovadora y Creativa M.Sc. Ing. Avid Roman Gonzalez  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

con la creatividad y la innovación para dar solución a los diferentes problemas que aquejan a nuestra a través de la innovación, la creatividad y del continuo cambio tecnológico. La presencia de la ciencia y

Boyer, Edmond

450

Fachgebiet Leistungselektronik und Elektrische Antriebstechnik Prof. Dr.Ing. Joachim Bcker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Electrical Drives Page 4 of 8 Answer 1.1: For the case, with switch S open t (s) 0 0.5 1 Vs / V 5 0 0.6 0.01.2014 Test Examination: Mechatronics and Electrical Drives Page 1 of 8 Test Examination: Mechatronics and Electrical Drives 08.01.2014 First Name: Student number: Last Name: Course of Study: Exercise: (Points) 1 (20

Paderborn, Universität

451

IntroduCtIon: QuantIfyIng soCIal develoPment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

civilization are most often traced back to the ancient Greeks and romans, although other advocates identify pre

Landweber, Laura

452

Bala, K., P. Dutre (eds.). Render-ing Techniques 2005. Springer-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Introduction to Scientific Computing: A Matrix Approach Using MATLAB. Pren- tice Hall 1999 Gries, D., W. de its texts and mono- graphs. The department is proud to have faculty- authored texts that set-Wesley 1988 Coleman, T.F., C. Van Loan. Handbook for Matrix Computa- tions. SIAM Teitelbaum, T., T.W. Reps

Keinan, Alon

453

A survey of intrusion detection in wireless network applications Robert Mitchell, Ing-Ray Chen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tool that can defend against the real-world cyber attacks threatening critical systems. These attacks include the Stuxnet attack on Iranian engineering facilities [1,2], proof of concept attacks on insulin pumps [3] and cardiac devices [4], the DoS attack on a German power grid opera- tor [5

Chen, Ing-Ray

454

Institute for Micro System Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil Jrg Mller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

silicon. Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells PEM fuel cells are expected to be the main on crystalline thick film silicon solar cells on glass substrates and polymer fuel cells Micro Total Analysis solar cell, potentially high efficient and low cost, is devel- oped, which is based on a rapid melting

Moeller, Ralf

455

E-Mobility Research Network Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dietmar Ghlich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel cells Improved fuel cell cathode catalysts for oxygen reduction 2. Ethanol fuel cell range extenders Highly efficient multi metallic anode materials for Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell Range Extenders 3. PEM and alkaline water electrolyzers Low cost catalysts for acid and alkaline water splitting Prof

Berlin,Technische Universität

456

SYSTEMS NEUROSCIENCE ing 900 pA in vitro, enabling 100% silencing of neurons in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, equating to >2� increase in tissue volume addressed by a typical single optical fiber; the improvement to >2x increase in brain tissue volume addressed by a typical single optical fiber. Upon expression was statistically significant for irradiances in the optogenetic range of 1­10 mW/mm2 . We also found that Arch

Han, Xue

457

UIC Brand and MessagIng gUIde Our Story  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GUIDE 1 #12;smart accessible superior education confident global urban world-class city hardworking our status as a public university and the diversity of this world-class city. Approachable We offer rank among the top in the nation, and our graduates become leaders in their chosen fields. Smart We

Illinois at Chicago, University of

458

Neural Networks in 3D medical scan visualization Dzenan Zuki, Dipl. Ing., dzenanz@gmail.com  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

II br. 52, 71322 Vogosa, Bosnia and Herzegovina University of Sarajevo / Faculty of Electrical, Zmaja od Bosne bb - Kampus, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina University of Sarajevo / Electrical

Blanz, Volker

459

CLEAN(ING) COAL: THE ENTHYMEMATIC QUALITIES OF IMAGES, EDITING AND COLOR IN CLEAN COAL ADVERTISING.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Energy advertisements in the United States have increased in both prominence and political importance in recent years. The increasing pressure of environmental concerns requires energy… (more)

Struth, Matthew Steven

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

INFORMATION EXCELLENTIA CoLumbIA ENgINEErINg202  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy use. "The path towards green computing systems starts with more efficient communication to the times needed for computation, on-chip communication was basically instantaneous," Carloni explained communication infrastruc- tures that make it easier to integrate new components into our designs," he said. His

Hone, James

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incidents caus ing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Dr.Ing. defense, June 8, 2005 Studies on Selection of Controlled Variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

combinations 8. Self-optimizing control structures for a Petlyuk distillation column 9. Energy savings by over-fractionation

Skogestad, Sigurd

462

CLYDE L. 0 INGS, M.D.,Ph.D. RICHARD G. SNYDER, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The results consist of 33 isometric exertion measurements which include the torques developed around the wrist an adjustable instrumented exoskeleton for the right side of the body. Careful attention was directed towards

463

UC DAVIS College of engIneerIng 2011-12 Annual report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

speakers Diane Bryant ('85), senior vice president and general manager of Intel's Datacenter and Connected

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

464

1997/98 CSULB Catalog Student Services 21 ing, computer science, engineering, finance, government,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-5772 for information on the services offered. Cooperative Education (Co-Op) Cooperative Education internships offer units of elective academic credit. Educational Participation in Communities (EPIC) The Educational-division Co-op courses are available for up to 6 units of elective academic credit. Counseling

Sorin, Eric J.

465

CANTON LAKESHORE CANTON E BEST CON NEAUT GIDD INGS EAST N ELLSWORT  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil andMCKEESPORT COR AOPOLIS-MOON REDHAW

466

CANTON LAKESHORE CANTON E BEST CON NEAUT GIDD INGS EAST N ELLSWORT  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil andMCKEESPORT COR AOPOLIS-MOON REDHAWGas

467

CANTON LAKESHORE CANTON E BEST CON NEAUT GIDD INGS EAST N ELLSWORT  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil andMCKEESPORT COR AOPOLIS-MOON

468

College of ARCHITeCTURe, ART & PlAnnIng Department of Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Active Polymer at an Architectural Scale | ETHZ and EMPA Arch 4101/4102 /5101 & 7912 Smart Materials as smart materials. Materials are considered smart materials if they can respond to an external stimulus due to changes in their environment. For example, Shape Memory Alloys are a polymorphic smart material

469

Example of High Dimensional Contract An exotic high dimensional option is the ING-Coconote option  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrials GlaxoSmithKline PLC London Pharmaceuticals HBOS PLC London Banks HSBC Holdings PLC (UK Reg) London

Oosterlee, Cornelis W. "Kees"

470

A method for estimating common cause failure probability and model parameters : the inverse stress-strength interference (ISSI) technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study, an alternative for the analysis of common cause failures (CCFs) is investigated. The method studied consists of using the Licensee Event Report (LER) data to get single component failure probability and using ...

Guey, Ching Ning

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

LETTER Earth Planets Space, 57, 191196, 2005 Simulation of strong ground motions caused by the 2004 off the Kii peninsula  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2003. Oil reserve tanks at Tomakomai suffered significant damage due to the motion of strong long that the damage to these oil tanks was caused by the violent motion of the floating roof due to resonance

Furumura, Takashi

472

Critical Causes of Degradation in Integrated Laboratory Scale Cells during High Temperature Electrolysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An ongoing project at Idaho National Laboratory involves generating hydrogen from steam using solid oxide electrolysis cells (SOEC). This report describes background information about SOECs, the Integrated Laboratory Scale (ILS) testing of solid-oxide electrolysis stacks, ILS performance degradation, and post-test examination of SOECs by various researchers. The ILS test was a 720- cell, three-module test comprised of 12 stacks of 60 cells each. A peak H2 production rate of 5.7 Nm3/hr was achieved. Initially, the module area-specific resistance ranged from 1.25 Ocm2 to just over 2 Ocm2. Total H2 production rate decreased from 5.7 Nm3/hr to a steady state value of 0.7 Nm3/hr. The decrease was primarily due to cell degradation. Post test examination by Ceramatec showed that the hydrogen electrode appeared to be in good condition. The oxygen evolution electrode does show delamination in operation and an apparent foreign layer deposited at the electrolyte interface. Post test examination by Argonne National Laboratory showed that the O2-electrode delaminated from the electrolyte near the edge. One possible reason for this delamination is excessive pressure buildup with high O2 flow in the over-sintered region. According to post test examination at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the electrochemical reactions have been recognized as one of the prevalent causes of their degradation. Specifically, two important degradation mechanisms were examined: (1) transport of Crcontaining species from steel interconnects into the oxygen electrode and LSC bond layers in SOECs, and (2) cation segregation and phase separation in the bond layer. INL conducted a workshop October 27, 2008 to discuss possible causes of degradation in a SOEC stack. Generally, it was agreed that the following are major degradation issues relating to SOECs: • Delamination of the O2-electrode and bond layer on the steam/O2-electrode side • Contaminants (Ni, Cr, Si, etc.) on reaction sites (triple phase boundary) • Loss of electrical/ionic conductivity of electrolyte.

M.S. Sohal; J.E. O'Brien; C.M. Stoots; J. J. Hartvigsen; D. Larsen; S. Elangovan; J.S. Herring; J.D. Carter; V.I. Sharma; B. Yildiz

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Analysis of the causes of chemical spills from marine transportation or related facilities. Final report, June 1994-December 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the results of a study of the causes of chemical spills from vessels and facilities for the U.S. Coast Guard. The purpose of the report is to identify the chain of events that lead to spills and the frequency of these spills in order to identify potential methods of preventing spills. The potential causes that were considered included human error, equipment failure, structural failure, and weather. Other characteristics of spills examined included time of day, location, and substance.

Whitaker-Sheppar, D.; Kallen, E.; Wendel, T.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Management of wildlife causing damage at Argonne National Laboratory-East, DuPage County, Illinois  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DOE, after an independent review, has adopted an Environmental Assessment (EA) prepared by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) which evaluates use of an Integrated Wildlife Damage Management approach at Argonne National Laboratory-East (ANL-E) in DuPage County, Illinois (April 1995). In 1994, the USDA issued a programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) that covers nationwide animal damage control activities. The EA for Management of Wildlife Causing Damage at ANL-E tiers off this programmatic EIS. The USDA wrote the EA as a result of DOE`s request to USDA to prepare and implement a comprehensive Wildlife Management Damage Plan; the USDA has authority for animal damage control under the Animal Damage Control Act of 1931, as amended, and the Rural Development, Agriculture and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 1988. DOE has determined, based on the analysis in the EA, that the proposed action does not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA). Therefore, the preparation of an EIS is not required. This report contains the Environmental Assessment, as well as the Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI).

NONE

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Instability, Collapse and Oscillation of Sheaths Caused by Secondary Electron Emission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Debye sheath is shown to be unstable under general conditions. For surface materials with sufficient secondary electron emission (SEE) yields, the surface's current-voltage characteristic has an unstable branch when the bulk plasma temperature (Te ) exceeds a critical value, or when there are fast electron populations present. The plasma-surface interaction becomes dynamic where the sheath may undergo spontaneous transitions or oscillations. Using particle-in-cell simulations, we analyze sheath instabilities occurring in a high Te plasma slab bounded by walls with SEE. As the plasma evolves, whenever the sheath enters an unstable state, its amplitude rapidly collapses, allowing a large flux of previously trapped electrons to hit the wall. These hot electrons induce more than one secondary on average, causing a net loss of electrons from the wall. The sheath collapse quenches when the surface charge becomes positive because the attractive field inhibits further electrons from escaping. Sheath instabilities influence the current balance, energy loss, cross-B-field transport and even the bulk plasma properties. Implications for discharges including Hall thrusters are discussed. More generally, the results show that common theories that treat emission as a fixed (time-independent) "coefficient" do not capture the full extent of SEE effects.

M.D. Campanell, A.V. Khrabrov and I.D. Kaganovich

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

476

Instability, collapse, and oscillation of sheaths caused by secondary electron emission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Debye sheath is shown to be unstable under general conditions. For surface materials with sufficient secondary electron emission (SEE) yields, the surface's current-voltage characteristic has an unstable branch when the bulk plasma temperature (T{sub e}) exceeds a critical value, or when there are fast electron populations present. The plasma-surface interaction becomes dynamic where the sheath may undergo spontaneous transitions or oscillations. Using particle-in-cell simulations, we analyze sheath instabilities occurring in a high T{sub e} plasma slab bounded by walls with SEE. As the plasma evolves, whenever the sheath enters an unstable state, its amplitude rapidly collapses, allowing a large flux of previously trapped electrons to hit the wall. These hot electrons induce more than one secondary on average, causing a net loss of electrons from the wall. The sheath collapse quenches when the surface charge becomes positive because the attractive field inhibits further electrons from escaping. Sheath instabilities influence the current balance, energy loss, cross-B-field transport and even the bulk plasma properties. Implications for discharges including Hall thrusters are discussed. More generally, the results show that common theories that treat emission as a fixed (time-independent) 'coefficient' do not capture the full extent of SEE effects.

Campanell, M. D.; Khrabrov, A. V.; Kaganovich, I. D. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

Waterwall corrosion in pulverized coal burning boilers: root causes and wastage predictions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Waterwall corrosion has become a serious problem in the USA since the introduction of combustion systems, designed to lower NOx emissions. Previous papers have shown that the main cause of the increased corrosion is the deposition of corrodants, iron sulfides and alkali chlorides, which occurs under reducing conditions. In this paper, the contribution of various variables such as the amount of corrodant in the deposit, the flue gas composition and the metal temperature, is further quantified in laboratory tests, using a test furnace allowing thermal gradients across the deposit and the metal tube samples. Approximate deposit compositions were calculated from the coal composition, its associated ash constituents and corrosive impurities. A commercially available thermochemical equilibrium package was used, after modifications to reflect empirical alkali availability data. Predictions from these calculations agreed reasonably well with the alkali chloride and FeS content found in actual boiler deposits. Thus approximate corrosion rates can be predicted from the chemical composition of the coal using corrosion rates from laboratory tests, adjusted to account for the short duration (100 hours) of the laboratory tests. Reasonable agreement was again obtained between actual and predicted results.

Bakker, W.; Stanko, G.; Blough, J.; Seitz, W.; Niksa, S. [Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Innovative Approach to Establish Root Causes for Cracking in Aggressive Reactor Environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research focuses on the high-resolution characterization of degradation microstructures and microchemistries in specimens tested under controlled conditions for the environment and for the material where in-service complexities can be minimized. Thermodynamic and kinetic modeling of crack-tip processes is employed to analyze corrosion-induced structures and gain insights into degradation mechanisms. Novel mechanistic ''fingerprinting'' of crack-tip structures is used to isolate causes of environmental cracking in tandem with quantitative measurements of crack growth. Sample preparation methods and advanced analytical techniques are used to characterize corrosion/oxidation reactions and crack-tip structures at near atomic dimensions in order to gain insight into fundamental environmental cracking mechanisms. Reactions at buried interfaces, not accessible by conventional approaches, are being systematically interrogated. Crack-growth experiments in high-temperature water environments are evaluating and isolating the effects of material condition (matrix strength, grain boundary composition and precipitation) on stress corrosion cracking (SCC). The fundamental understanding of crack advance mechanisms will establish the basis to design new corrosion-resistant alloys for current light-water reactors and advanced reactor systems.

Bruemmer, Stephen M.; Thomas, Larry E.; Vetrano, John S.; Simonen, Edward P.

2003-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

479

Orifice-meter measurement errors caused by gas-system pulsations can be controlled  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pulsation-induced inaccuracies in orifice meter gas-flow measurement can be eliminated or at least better controlled. In today's increasingly competitive gas-supply marketplace, such errors can no longer be ignored. In some instances, pulsations have caused errors of 30-50% in volumes. Policies and procedures of Arkla Energy Resources, Shreveport, La., reflect current efforts to combat the problem. Orifice-meter pulsation error can be divided into three categories: those associated with the primary element itself (across the flange taps); those in the gauge line/manifold/transducer system;; and those within the recording and analysis system. Each category is significant in that total meter error contains all three types (box). While it would be desirable to segregate the problems and solve them independently, it is very difficult to do. It becomes apparent quickly that all three occur in many cases. The focus of this discussion is on primary-element errors; if these are reduced, other errors tend to be minimal.

Gegg, D. (Arkla Energy Resources, Shreveport, LA (US))

1989-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

480

Causes and consequences of complex population dynamics in an annual plant, Cardamine pensylvanica  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The relative importance of density-dependent and density-independent factors in determining the population dynamics of plants has been widely debated with little resolution. In this thesis, the author explores the effects of density-dependent population regulation on population dynamics in Cardamine pensylvanica, an annual plant. In the first chapter, she shows that experimental populations of C. pensylvanica cycled from high to low density in controlled constant-environment conditions. These cycles could not be explained by external environmental changes or simple models of direct density dependence (N{sub t+1} = f[N{sub t}]), but they could be explained by delayed density dependence (N{sub t+1} = f[N{sub t}, N{sub t+1}]). In the second chapter, she shows that the difference in the stability properties of population growth models with and without delayed density dependence is due to the presence of Hopf as well as slip bifurcations from stable to chaotic population dynamics. She also measures delayed density dependence due to effects of parental density on offspring quality in C. pensylvanica and shows that this is large enough to be the cause of the population dynamics observed in C. pensylvanica. In the third chapter, the author extends her analyses of density-dependent population growth models to include interactions between competing species. In the final chapter, she compares the effects of fixed spatial environmental variation and variation in population size on the evolutionary response of C. pensylvanica populations.

Crone, E.E.

1995-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Grazing-incidence x-ray fluorescence analysis for non-destructive determination of In and Ga depth profiles in Cu(In,Ga)Se{sub 2} absorber films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Development of highly efficient thin film solar cells involves band gap engineering by tuning their elemental composition with depth. Here we show that grazing incidence X-ray fluorescence (GIXRF) analysis using monochromatic synchrotron radiation and well-characterized instrumentation is suitable for a non-destructive and reference-free analysis of compositional depth profiles in thin films. Variation of the incidence angle provides quantitative access to the in-depth distribution of the elements, which are retrieved from measured fluorescence intensities by modeling parameterized gradients and fitting calculated to measured fluorescence intensities. Our results show that double Ga gradients in Cu(In{sub 1?x},Ga{sub x})Se{sub 2} can be resolved by GIXRF.

Streeck, C. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, 14109 Berlin (Germany) [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, 14109 Berlin (Germany); Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Abbestr.2-12, 10587 Berlin (Germany); Brunken, S.; Kaufmann, C. A.; Weber, A.; Schock, H.-W.; Mainz, R. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, 14109 Berlin (Germany)] [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, 14109 Berlin (Germany); Gerlach, M.; Hönicke, P.; Lubeck, J.; Pollakowski, B.; Unterumsberger, R.; Beckhoff, B. [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Abbestr.2-12, 10587 Berlin (Germany)] [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Abbestr.2-12, 10587 Berlin (Germany); Herzog, C.; Kanngießer, B. [Institut für Optik und Atomare Physik, Technische Universität Berlin, Hardenbergstr. 36, 10623 Berlin (Germany)] [Institut für Optik und Atomare Physik, Technische Universität Berlin, Hardenbergstr. 36, 10623 Berlin (Germany)

2013-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

482

Absence of Structural Impact of Noble Nanoparticles on P3HT: PCBM Blends for Plasmon Enhanced Bulk-Heterojunction Organic Solar Cells Probed by Synchrotron Grazing Incidence X-Ray Diffraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The incorporation of noble metal nanoparticles, displaying localized surface plasmon resonance, in the active area of donor-acceptor bulk-heterojunction organic photovoltaic devices is an industrially compatible light trapping strategy, able to guarantee better absorption of the incident photons and give an efficiency improvement between 12% and 38%. In the present work, we investigate the effect of Au and Ag nanoparticles blended with P3HT: PCBM on the P3HT crystallization dynamics by synchrotron grazing incidence X-ray diffraction. We conclude that the presence of (1) 80nm Au, (2) mix of 5nm, 50nm, 80nm Au, (3) 40nm Ag, and (4) 10nm, 40nm, 60nm Ag colloidal nanoparticles, at different concentrations below 0.3 wt% in P3HT: PCBM blends, does not affect the behaviour of the blends themselves.

Samuele Lilliu; Mejd Alsari; Oier Bikondoa; J. Emyr Macdonald; Marcus S. Dahlem

2014-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

483

Gantry and isocenter displacements of a linear accelerator caused by an add-on micromultileaf collimator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The delivery of high quality stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) treatments to the patient requires knowledge of the position of the isocenter to submillimeter accuracy. To meet the requirements the deviation between the radiation and mechanical isocenters must be less than 1 mm. The use of add-on micromultileaf collimators ({mu}MLCs) in SRS and SRT is an additional challenge to the anticipated high-level geometric and dosimetric accuracy of the treatment. The aim of this work was to quantify the gantry excursions during rotation with and without an add-on {mu}MLC attached to the gantry head. In addition, the shift in the position of the isocenter and its correlation to the kV beam center of the cone-beam CT system was included in the study. Methods: The quantification of the gantry rotational performance was done using a pointer supported by an in-house made rigid holder attached to the gantry head of the accelerator. The pointer positions were measured using a digital theodolite. To quantify the effect of an {mu}MLC of 50 kg, the measurements were repeated with the {mu}MLC attached to the gantry head. The displacement of the isocenter due to an add-on {mu}MLC of 50 kg was also investigated. In case of the pointer measurement the {mu}MLC was simulated by weights attached to the gantry head. A method of least squares was applied to determine the position and displacement of the mechanical isocenter. Additionally, the displacement of the radiation isocenter was measured using a ball-bearing phantom and the electronic portal image device system. These measurements were based on 8 MV photon beams irradiated onto the ball from the four cardinal angles and two opposed collimator angles. The measurements and analysis of the data were carried out automatically using software delivered by the manufacturer. Results: The displacement of the mechanical isocenter caused by a 50 kg heavy {mu}MLC was found to be (-0.01 {+-} 0.05, -0.10 {+-} 0.03, -0.26 {+-} 0.05) mm in lateral, longitudinal, and vertical direction, respectively. Similarly, the displacement of the radiation isocenter was found to be (0.00 {+-} 0.03, -0.08 {+-} 0.06, -0.32 {+-} 0.02) mm. Good agreement was found between the displacement of the two isocenters. A displacement of the kV cone-beam CT beam center due to the attached weight of 50 kg could not be detected. Conclusions: General characteristics of the gantry arm excursions and displacements caused by an add-on {mu}MLC have been reported. A 50 kg heavy add-on {mu}MLC results in a isocenter displacement downward of 0.26-0.32 mm. The authors recommend that the beam center of the kV cone-beam CT image system should be matched to the isocenter related to the weight of the {mu}MLC. Consequently, the imperfections in isocenter localizations are transferred to the conventional radiotherapy where the clinical consequences of uncertainties in the submillimeter regime are negligible.

Riis, Hans L.; Zimmermann, Sune J.; Hjelm-Hansen, Mogens [Radiofysisk Laboratorium, Odense University Hospital, Sdr. Boulevard 29, DK-5000 Odense C (Denmark)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

484

Single-Shell Tanks Leak Integrity Elements/ SX Farm Leak Causes and Locations - 12127  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) developed an enhanced single-shell tank (SST) integrity project in 2009. An expert panel on SST integrity was created to provide recommendations supporting the development of the project. One primary recommendation was to expand the leak assessment reports (substitute report or LD-1) to include leak causes and locations. The recommendation has been included in the M-045-91F Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement) as one of four targets relating to SST leak integrity. The 241-SX Farm (SX Farm) tanks with leak losses were addressed on an individual tank basis as part of LD-1. Currently, 8 out of 23 SSTs that have been reported to having a liner leak are located in SX Farm. This percentage was the highest compared to other tank farms which is why SX Farm was analyzed first. The SX Farm is comprised of fifteen SSTs built 1953-1954. The tanks are arranged in rows of three tanks each, forming a cascade. Each of the SX Farm tanks has a nominal 1-million-gal storage capacity. Of the fifteen tanks in SX Farm, an assessment reported leak losses for the following tanks: 241-SX-107, 241-SX-108, 241-SX-109, 241-SX- 111, 241-SX-112, 241-SX-113, 241-SX-114 and 241-SX-115. The method used to identify leak location consisted of reviewing in-tank and ex-tank leak detection information. This provided the basic data identifying where and when the first leaks were detected. In-tank leak detection consisted of liquid level measurement that can be augmented with photographs which can provide an indication of the vertical leak location on the sidewall. Ex-tank leak detection for the leaking tanks consisted of soil radiation data from laterals and dry-wells near the tank. The in-tank and ex-tank leak detection can provide an indication of the possible leak location radially around and under the tank. Potential leak causes were determined using in-tank and ex-tank information that is not directly related to leak detection. In-tank parameters can include temperature of the supernatant and sludge, types of waste, and chemical determination by either transfer or sample analysis. Ex-tank information can be assembled from many sources including design media, construction conditions, technical specifications, and other sources. Five conditions may have contributed to SX Farm tank liner failure including: tank design, thermal shock, chemistry-corrosion, liner behavior (bulging), and construction temperature. Tank design did not apparently change from tank to tank for the SX Farm tanks; however, there could be many unknown variables present in the quality of materials and quality of construction. Several significant SX Farm tank design changes occurred from previous successful tank farm designs. Tank construction occurred in winter under cold conditions which could have affected the ductile to brittle transition temperature of the tanks. The SX Farm tanks received high temperature boiling waste from REDOX which challenged the tank design with rapid heat up and high temperatures. All eight of the leaking SX Farm tanks had relatively high rate of temperature rise. Supernatant removal with subsequent nitrate leaching was conducted in all but three of the eight leaking tanks prior to leaks being detected. It is possible that no one characteristic of the SX Farm tanks could in isolation from the others have resulted in failure. However, the application of so many stressors - heat up rate, high temperature, loss of corrosion protection, and tank design working jointly or serially resulted in their failure. Thermal shock coupled with the tank design, construction conditions, and nitrate leaching seem to be the overriding factors that can lead to tank liner failure. The distinction between leaking and sound SX Farm tanks seems to center on the waste types, thermal conditions, and nitrate leaching. (authors)

Girardot, Crystal [URS- Safety Management Solutions, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States); Harlow, Don [ELR Consulting Richland, Washington 99352 (United States); Venetz, Theodore; Washenfelder, Dennis [Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC Richland, Washington 99352 (United States); Johnson, Jeremy [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of River Protection Richland, Washington 99352 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

SINGLE-SHELL TANKS LEAK INTEGRITY ELEMENTS/SX FARM LEAK CAUSES AND LOCATIONS - 12127  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) developed an enhanced single-shell tank (SST) integrity project in 2009. An expert panel on SST integrity was created to provide recommendations supporting the development of the project. One primary recommendation was to expand the leak assessment reports (substitute report or LD-1) to include leak causes and locations. The recommendation has been included in the M-045-9IF Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement) as one of four targets relating to SST leak integrity. The 241-SX Farm (SX Farm) tanks with leak losses were addressed on an individual tank basis as part of LD-1. Currently, 8 out of 23 SSTs that have been reported to having a liner leak are located in SX Farm. This percentage was the highest compared to other tank farms which is why SX Farm was analyzed first. The SX Farm is comprised of fifteen SSTs built 1953-1954. The tanks are arranged in rows of three tanks each, forming a cascade. Each of the SX Farm tanks has a nominal I-million-gal storage capacity. Of the fifteen tanks in SX Farm, an assessment reported leak losses for the following tanks: 241-SX-107, 241-SX-108, 241-SX-109, 241-SX-111, 241-SX-112, 241-SX-113, 241-SX-114 and 241-SX-115. The method used to identify leak location consisted of reviewing in-tank and ex-tank leak detection information. This provided the basic data identifying where and when the first leaks were detected. In-tank leak detection consisted of liquid level measurement that can be augmented with photographs which can provide an indication of the vertical leak location on the sidewall. Ex-tank leak detection for the leaking tanks consisted of soil radiation data from laterals and drywells near the tank. The in-tank and ex-tank leak detection can provide an indication of the possible leak location radially around and under the tank. Potential leak causes were determined using in-tank and ex-tank information that is not directly related to leak detection. In-tank parameters can include temperature of the supernatant and sludge, types of waste, and chemical determination by either transfer or sample analysis. Ex-tank information can be assembled from many sources including design media, construction conditions, technical specifications, and other sources. Five conditions may have contributed to SX Farm tank liner failure including: tank design, thermal shock, chemistry-corrosion, liner behavior (bulging), and construction temperature. Tank design did not apparently change from tank to tank for the SX Farm tanks; however, there could be many unknown variables present in the quality of materials and quality of construction. Several significant SX Farm tank design changes occurred from previous successful tank farm designs. Tank construction occurred in winter under cold conditions which could have affected the ductile to brittle transition temperature of the tanks. The SX Farm tanks received high temperature boiling waste from REDOX which challenged the tank design with rapid heat up and high temperatures. All eight of the leaking SX Farm tanks had relatively high rate of temperature rise. Supernatant removal with subsequent nitrate leaching was conducted in all but three of the eight leaking tanks prior to leaks being detected. It is possible that no one characteristic of the SX Farm tanks could in isolation from the others have resulted in failure. However, the application of so many stressors - heat up rate, high temperature, loss of corrosion protection, and tank design - working jointly or serially resulted in their failure. Thermal shock coupled with the tank design, construction conditions, and nitrate leaching seem to be the overriding factors that can lead to tank liner failure. The distinction between leaking and sound SX Farm tanks seems to center on the waste types, thermal conditions, and nitrate leaching.

VENETZ TJ; WASHENFELDER D; JOHNSON J; GIRARDOT C

2012-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

486

ON THE CAUSE OF SUPRA-ARCADE DOWNFLOWS IN SOLAR FLARES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A model of supra-arcade downflows (SADs), dark low density regions also known as tadpoles that propagate sunward during solar flares, is presented. It is argued that the regions of low density are flow channels carved by sunward-directed outflow jets from reconnection. The solar corona is stratified, so the flare site is populated by a lower density plasma than that in the underlying arcade. As the jets penetrate the arcade, they carve out regions of depleted plasma density which appear as SADs. The present interpretation differs from previous models in that reconnection is localized in space but not in time. Reconnection is continuous in time to explain why SADs are not filled in from behind as they would if they were caused by isolated descending flux tubes or the wakes behind them due to temporally bursty reconnection. Reconnection is localized in space because outflow jets in standard two-dimensional reconnection models expand in the normal (inflow) direction with distance from the reconnection site, which would not produce thin SADs as seen in observations. On the contrary, outflow jets in spatially localized three-dimensional reconnection with an out-of-plane (guide) magnetic field expand primarily in the out-of-plane direction and remain collimated in the normal direction, which is consistent with observed SADs being thin. Two-dimensional proof-of-principle simulations of reconnection with an out-of-plane (guide) magnetic field confirm the creation of SAD-like depletion regions and the necessity of density stratification. Three-dimensional simulations confirm that localized reconnection remains collimated.

Cassak, P. A.; Shepherd, L. S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States); Drake, J. F. [Department of Physics and the Institute for Physical Science and Technology and the Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)] [Department of Physics and the Institute for Physical Science and Technology and the Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Gosling, J. T. [Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80303 (United States)] [Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80303 (United States); Phan, T.-D. [Space Science Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)] [Space Science Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Shay, M. A., E-mail: Paul.Cassak@mail.wvu.edu, E-mail: lshephe1@mix.wvu.edu, E-mail: drake@umd.edu, E-mail: Jack.Gosling@lasp.colorado.edu, E-mail: phan@ssl.berkeley.edu, E-mail: shay@udel.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 20742 (United States)

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

487

ANALYSIS OF DAMAGE TO WASTE PACKAGES CAUSED BY SEISMIC EVENTS DURING POST-CLOSURE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents methodology and results of an analysis of damage due to seismic ground motion for waste packages emplaced in a nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. A series of three-dimensional rigid body kinematic simulations of waste packages, pallets, and drip shields subjected to seismic ground motions was performed. The simulations included strings of several waste packages and were used to characterize the number, location, and velocity of impacts that occur during seismic ground motion. Impacts were categorized as either waste package-to-waste package (WP-WP) or waste package-to-pallet (WP-P). In addition, a series of simulations was performed for WP-WP and WP-P impacts using a detailed representation of a single waste package. The detailed simulations were used to determine the amount of damage from individual impacts, and to form a damage catalog, indexed according to the type, angle, location and force/velocity of the impact. Finally, the results from the two analyses were combined to estimate the total damage to a waste package that may occur during an episode of seismic ground motion. This study addressed two waste package types, four levels of peak ground velocity (PGV), and 17 ground motions at each PGV. Selected aspects of waste package degradation, such as effective wall thickness and condition of the internals, were also considered. As expected, increasing the PGV level of the vibratory ground motion increases the damage to the waste packages. Results show that most of the damage is caused by WP-P impacts. TAD-bearing waste packages with intact internals are highly resistant to damage, even at a PGV of 4.07 m/s, which is the highest level analyzed.

Alves, S W; Blair, S C; Carlson, S R; Gerhard, M; Buscheck, T A

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

488

A COMPANION AS THE CAUSE OF LATITUDE-DEPENDENT EFFECTS IN THE WIND OF ETA CARINAE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze spatially resolved spectroscopic observations of the Eta Carinae binary system obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope/STIS. Eta Car is enshrouded by the dusty Homunculus nebula, which scatters light emitted by the central binary and provides a unique opportunity to study a massive binary system from different vantage points. We investigate the latitudinal and azimuthal dependence of H{alpha} line profiles caused by the presence of a wind-wind collision (WWC) cavity created by the companion star. Using two-dimensional radiative transfer models, we find that the wind cavity can qualitatively explain the observed line profiles around apastron. Regions of the Homunculus which scatter light that propagated through the WWC cavity show weaker or no H{alpha} absorption. Regions scattering light that propagated through a significant portion of the primary wind show stronger P Cygni absorption. Our models overestimate the H{alpha} absorption formed in the primary wind, which we attribute to photoionization by the companion, not presently included in the models. We can qualitatively explain the latitudinal changes that occur during periastron, shedding light on the nature of Eta Car's spectroscopic events. Our models support the idea that during the brief period of time around periastron when the primary wind flows unimpeded toward the observer, H{alpha} absorption occurs in directions toward the central object and Homunculus SE pole, but not toward equatorial regions close to the Weigelt blobs. We suggest that observed latitudinal and azimuthal variations are dominated by the companion star via the WWC cavity, rather than by rapid rotation of the primary star.

Groh, J. H. [Geneva Observatory, Geneva University, Chemin des Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Sauverny (Switzerland); Madura, T. I.; Weigelt, G. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie, Auf dem Huegel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany); Hillier, D. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, 3941 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 (United States); Kruip, C. J. H., E-mail: jose.groh@unige.ch [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Postbus 9513, NL-2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

N114S mutation causes loss of ATP-induced aggregation of human phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetase 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study examined recombinant wild-type human phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetase 1 (wt-PRS1, EC 2.7.6.1) and the point mutant Asn114Ser PRS1 (N114S-Mutant) in cells of a patient with primary gout. Dynamic light-scattering and sedimentation velocity experiments indicated that the monomeric wt-PRS1 in solution was assembled into hexamers after adding the substrate ATP. However, this ATP-induced aggregation effect was not observed with N114S-Mutant, which has a 50% higher enzymatic activity than that of wt-PRS1. Synchrotron radiation circular dichroism spectroscopy revealed that the point mutation causes an increase of {alpha}-helix content and a decrease of turn content. Examination of the crystal structure of wt-PRS1 indicated that 12 hydrogen bonds formed by 6 pairs of N114 and D139 have an important role in stabilizing the hexamer. We suggest that the substitution of S114 for N114 in N114S-Mutant leads to the rupture of 12 hydrogen bonds and breakage of the PO{sub 4}{sup 3-} allosteric site where PO{sub 4}{sup 3-} functions as a fixer of the ATP-binding loop. Therefore, we consider that formation of the hexamer as the structural basis of the ADP allosteric inhibition is greatly weakened by the N114S mutation, and that alteration of the ATP-binding loop conformation is the key factor in the increased activity of N114S-Mutant. These two factors could be responsible for the high level of activity of N114S-Mutant in this patient.

Liu Honglin [National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230029 (China); Peng, Xiaohui [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Key Laboratory of Structural Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Zhao Fang [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, Department of Chemical Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Zhang Guobin [National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230029 (China); Tao Ye [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Luo Zhaofeng [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Li Yang; Teng Maikun [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Key Laboratory of Structural Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Li Xu [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Key Laboratory of Structural Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)], E-mail: sachem@ustc.edu.cn; Wei Shiqiang [National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230029 (China)], E-mail: sqwei@ustc.edu.cn

2009-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

490

Health risk from earthquake caused releases of UF{sub 6} at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The health risk to the public and workers from potential exposure to the toxic materials from earthquake caused releases of uranium hexafluoride from the Paducah gaseous Diffusion Plant are evaluated. The results of the study show that the health risk from earthquake caused releases is small, and probably less than risks associated with the transportation of hydrogen fluoride and other similar chemicals used by industry. The probability of more than 30 people experiencing health consequences (injuries) from earthquake damage is less than 4xlO{sup 4}/yr.

Brown, N.W; Lu, S.; Chen, J.C.; Roehnelt, R.; Lombardi, D.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Ice cap meltdown to cause 22ft floods Ice cap meltdown to cause 22ft floods -Telegraph http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/earthnews/3303624/Ice-cap-meltdow...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of no return and it were to melt then global sea levels would rise by 22ft and swallow up most of the world sheet. Likewise, global warming may cause a near-permanent El Nino in the Pacific, which would also over animal souvenirs (/earth/main.jhtml?xml=/earth/2007/08/16/eatrade116.xml) Rise of sea levels

Stevenson, Paul

492

Report of Flood, Oil Sheen, and fish Kill Incidents on East Fork Poplar Creek at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water quality and plant opemtion irriiormation provided by the Y-12 Plant strongly suggest that a dechlorinating agent, applied to the raw water released below the North-South Pipes was responsible for the toxicity resulting in the fish kill of July 24. Dissolved oxygen (DO) measurements in upper EFPC indicai e that low oxygen levels (3-5 ppm) occurred for a period of up to 30 min. This slug of low DO water traveling down EFPC to the lake could easily explain the massive fish kill and the resulting observations. Dissolved oxygen levels of 5.2 ppm or lower are documented as causing problems for warmwater fish species (Heath 1995). The presence of other stressors, including a range of petrochemicals, tends to lower resistance to low oxygen conditions. Given the sequence of events in upper EFPC in the few days prior to July 24, where extremely high flows were followed by inputs of a wide range of low concentrations of oils, the sensitivity to low DO conditions might be heightened. The possible toxic impact of ::he oils and other contaminants reaching EFPC as a result of the heavy rainfidl on July 22 doesn't appear significant enough to be the sole cause of the kill on July 24. Even during the height of the kill, a large school of fish remained immediately downstream of the North-South Pipes. If the toxicity of waters flowing through this outlet were the primary cause of the kill, then it would be expected that this school of fish would not have been present immediately below the pipes. Any impact of waters entering from other sources, such as pumping of basements WOUIC1 have produced a staggered pattern of mortality, with fishing dying in different localities at different times and rates. Further, it would be expected that the morta.lhy observed would have continued over several days at least, as more resistant individuals succumbed slowly to the toxic exposure. This would have provided freshly dead or dying fish for the surveys of July 25 and 28. In previous fish kills in this stream section, the impact on the fish community has been judged to be short-term only, with no significant long-term ecological effects. In fact, the numerous fish kills over the past 7 years do not appear to have dampened the growth of the stream fish populations. The magnit~de of these kills was far less than that of the July 24 kill; maximum mortality of 10-20o/0 of th{~ total population above Lake Reality. Because the current kill has tiected a much larger proportion of the resident population, the impacts are expected to extend for a longer period in this situation, perhaps up to a year. Decreased population levels should be evident through the fhll 1997 and spring 1998 samples. Depending on the success rate of reproduction during the summer cf 1998, the recovery of fish populations should be observed in the fdl 1998 population sample. However, complete recovery may take several reproductive seasons to reach the densities seen in 1997. The cyprinid species occurring in upper EFPC have tremendous reproductive capacities and should be able to repopulate this area with little or no long-term ecological impact. Even the redbreast sunfish should, at the worst, only endure a narrowing of its available gene pool, with little if any long-term impacts.

Skaggs, B.E.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

CAUSE OF A MULTI-SPECIES RADIOIODINE PLUME THAT IS INCREASING IN CONCENTRATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Field and laboratory studies were carried out to understand the cause for steady increases in {sup 129}I concentrations emanating from radiological seepage basins located on the Savannah River Site. The basins were closed in 1988 by adding limestone and blast furnace slag and then capping with a RCRA low permeability engineered cover. Groundwater {sup 129}I concentrations in a well near the seepage basin in 1993 were 200 pCi L{sup -1} and are presently between 400 and 1000 pCi L{sup -1}. Iodine speciation in the plume was not uniform. Near the source, the iodine was comprised of 86% iodide, 2% iodate, and 12% organo-iodine (total activity = 178 pCi L{sup -1}). Whereas, groundwater iodine speciation 365 m down stream (25 m up stream from a wetland) was 0% iodide, 93% iodate, and 7% organo iodine. Batch desorption studies demonstrated that high concentrations of {sup 129}I could be incrementally desorbed from an archived seepage basin sediment sample by raising the pH. Batch sorption studies showed that iodate, IO{sub 3}{sup -}, sorbed more strongly than iodide, I{sup -}, to a subsurface clayey sediment, but equally well as iodide to a subsurface sandy sediment and a wetland sediment. Placing an organic-rich wetland sediment, but not nearby mineral sediments, under reducing (or microaerobic) conditions resulted in a large decrease in iodide K{sub d} values (from 73 to 10 mL g{sup -1}) and iodate K{sub d} values (from 80 to 7 mL g{sup -1}). Between pH and reduction-oxidation potential, it appears that pH seems to have a stronger influence on iodide and iodate sorption to mineral sediment. This may not be true for sediments containing higher concentrations of organic matter, such as the 7.6% organic matter sediment used in this study. First order calculations based on desorption studies with seepage basin sediments indicate that the modest increase of 0.7 pH units detected in the study site groundwater over the last 17 years since closure of the seepage basin may be sufficient to produce the observed increased groundwater {sup 129}I concentrations. Groundwater monitoring of the plume at the F-Area seepage basin has shown that the migration of many of the high risk radionuclides originally present at this complex site has been attenuated. However, {sup 129}I continues to leave the source at a rate that may have been exacerbated by the initial remediation efforts. This study underscores the important of identifying the appropriate in situ stabilization technologies for all contaminants present at a source term, especially if their geochemical behaviors differ.

Kaplan, D.

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

494

Forensic analyses of explosion debris from the January 2, 1992 Pd/D{sub 2}O electrochemistry incident at SRI International  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The January 2, 1992 explosion in an electrochemistry laboratory at SRI International (SRI) resulted in the death of scientist Andrew Riley, and gained some notoriety due to its association with experimental work in the controversial field of cold fusion research. Selected components of explosion debris were subjected to forensic analyses at LLNL to elucidate potential causes of, or contributing factors to, the explosion. Interrogation of the debris by LLNL encompassed nuclear, chemical, physical, and materials investigations. Nuclear studies for the determination of tritium and neutron-activation products in stainless steel and brass were negative. No evidence of signature species indicative of orthodox nuclear events was detected. The inorganic and particulate analyses were likewise negative with respect to residues of unexpected chemical species. Such target compounds included conventional explosives, accelerants, propellants, or any exceptional industrial chemicals. The GC-MS analyses of trace organic components in the explosion debris provided perhaps the most interesting results obtained at LLNL. Although no evidence of organic explosives, oxidizers, or other unusual compounds was detected, the presence of a hydrocarbon oil in the interior of the electrochemical cell was established. It is likely that its source was lubricating fluid from the machining of the metal cell components. If residues of organic oils are present during electrolysis experiments, the potential exists for an explosive reaction in the increasingly enriched oxygen atmosphere within the headspace of a metal cell.

Andresen, B.; Whipple, R.; Vandervoort, D.; Grant, P.

1992-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

495

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 93879398, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/9387/2012/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and absorb solar radiation, reducing surface incident solar radiation and heating the aerosol layer- piratory endpoints in panel studies (Englert, 2004). The load- ing of such fine particles could

Meskhidze, Nicholas

496

Statement of the health problem or issue An inadequate blood flow to the heart muscle (termed cardiac ischemia) often causes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the heart. Severe reductions in blood flow may cause a heart attack (termed myocardial infarction). Following a heart attack, the heart cells can be saved from dying by the restoration of blood flowStatement of the health problem or issue An inadequate blood flow to the heart muscle (termed

MacMillan, Andrew

497

Using Archived AVL/APC Bus Data to Identify Spatial-Temporal1 Causes of Bus Bunching2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Archived AVL/APC Bus Data to Identify Spatial-Temporal1 Causes of Bus Bunching2 3 4 5 Wei passenger count (APC) technologies provide tremendous amounts of archived data for6 transit planners-year's worth of data for TriMet's Route 15. TriMet is the transit provider for the Portland,11 Oregon

Bertini, Robert L.

498

Abstract--A large share of integrated wind power causes technical and financial impacts on the operation of the existing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the future wind power feed-in. But in an efficient market setting, power plant operators will take1 Abstract-- A large share of integrated wind power causes technical and financial impacts behaviour of the wind power generation and of the prediction error. It can be used for the evaluation

499

High-power ELF radiation generated by modulated HF heating of the ionosphere can cause Earthquakes, Cyclones and localized heating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-power ELF radiation generated by modulated HF heating of the ionosphere can cause Earthquakes, the HAARP heater is the most powerful ionospheric heater, with 3.6GW of effective power using HF heating, Cyclones and localized heating Fran De Aquino Maranhao State University, Physics Department, S

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

500

THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 135, 184202 (2011) Can stimulated Raman pumping cause large population transfers in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 135, 184202 (2011) Can stimulated Raman pumping cause large 2011; published online 9 November 2011) When stimulated Raman pumping (SRP) is applied to a stream with the energy difference between the pump and Stokes laser pulses. Using the optical Bloch-Feynman equations, we

Zare, Richard N.