Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Photonically Engineered Incandescent Emitter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photonically engineered incandescence is disclosed. The emitter materials and photonic crystal structure can be chosen to modify or suppress thermal radiation above a cutoff wavelength, causing the emitter to selectively emit in the visible and near-infrared portions of the spectrum. An efficient incandescent lamp is enabled thereby. A method for fabricating a three-dimensional photonic crystal of a structural material, suitable for the incandescent emitter, is also disclosed.

Gee, James M. (Albuquerque, NM); Lin, Shawn-Yu (Albuquerque, NM); Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM); Moreno, James B. (Albuquerque, NM)

2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

2

High efficiency incandescent lighting  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Incandescent lighting structure. The structure includes a thermal emitter that can, but does not have to, include a first photonic crystal on its surface to tailor thermal emission coupled to, in a high-view-factor geometry, a second photonic filter selected to reflect infrared radiation back to the emitter while passing visible light. This structure is highly efficient as compared to standard incandescent light bulbs.

Bermel, Peter; Ilic, Ognjen; Chan, Walker R.; Musabeyoglu, Ahmet; Cukierman, Aviv Ruben; Harradon, Michael Robert; Celanovic, Ivan; Soljacic, Marin

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

3

Energy-efficient incandescent lamp: Final report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Energy Conserving Incandescent Lamps", J . Brett, R.July 1981. "Filaments for Incandescent Lamps with Radiation20-22 "Energy Saving Incandescent Lamps with Infrared

Verderber, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

The incandescent disposal system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electrotechnology device being introduced to the low-level waste market is an Incandescent Disposal System (IDS) for volume reduction and vitrification. The process changes the composition of the waste material, usually long molecular chains, into simple molecules and elements. It renders the volume of low-level wastes to a manageable solid vitrified residue, carbon black, and a water discharge. The solid material, which has been vitrified if silica is introduced into the waste stream, is an ideal inert filler. The carbon black is non-leaching and is readily available for vitrification as it comes out of the IDS.

Smith, R.G.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Underwater Lighting by Submerged Lasers and Incandescent Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and collimated underwater incandescent projector. The laser-collimated underwater incandescent projector used for beamBY SUBMERGED LASERS and Incandescent Sources DESCRIPTIVE

Duntley, Seibert Q

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

COST EFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGY BUTTONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as any 1ong-li incandescent lamp or system evaluated in thisEFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGYEFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGY

Verderber, Rudy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

General service incandescent lamp with improved efficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high efficiency general service incandescent lamp is disclosed. The disclosed improved general service incandescent lamp has an outer and an inner envelope. The inner envelope has a relatively small housing containing a halogen gas and a relatively high pressure efficient fill-gas and in which a low voltage filament is spatially disposed therein.

Berlec, I.

1985-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

8

A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent Lights A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent Lights July 21, 2009 -...

9

Dual LED/incandescent security fixture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A dual LED and incandescent security lighting system uses a hybrid approach to LED illumination. It combines an ambient LED illuminator with a standard incandescent lamp on a motion control sensor. The LED illuminator will activate with the onset of darkness (daylight control) and typically remain on during the course of the night ("always on"). The LED illumination, typically amber, is sufficient to provide low to moderate level lighting coverage to the wall and ground area adjacent to and under the fixture. The incandescent lamp is integrated with a motion control circuit and sensor. When movement in the field of view is detected (after darkness), the incandescent lamp is switched on, providing an increased level of illumination to the area. Instead of an "always on" LED illuminator, the LEDs may also be switched off when the incandescent lamp is switched on.

Gauna, Kevin Wayne

2005-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

10

Visible Spectrum Incandescent Selective Emitter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the work performed was to demonstrate the feasibility of a novel bi-layer selective emitter. Selective emitters are incandescent radiant bodies with emissivities that are substantially larger in a selected part of the radiation spectrum, thereby significantly shifting their radiated spectral distribution from that of a blackbody radiating at the same temperature. The major research objectives involved answering the following questions: (1) What maximum VIS/NIR radiant power and emissivity ratios can be attained at 2650 K? (2) What is the observed emitter body life and how does its performance vary with time? (3) What are the design tradeoffs for a dual heating approach in which both an internally mounted heating coil and electrical resistance self-heating are used? (4) What are the quantitative improvements to be had from utilizing a bi-layer emitter body with a low emissivity inner layer and a partially transmissive outer layer? Two approaches to obtaining selective emissivity were investigated. The first was to utilize large optical scattering within an emitter material with a spectral optical absorption that is much greater within the visible spectrum than that within the NIR. With this approach, an optically thick emitter can radiate almost as if optically thin because essentially, scattering limits the distance below the surface from which significant amounts of internally generated radiation can emerge. The performance of thin emitters was also investigated (for optically thin emitters, spectral emissivity is proportional to spectral absorptivity). These emitters were fabricated from thin mono-layer emitter rods as well as from bi-layer rods with a thin emitter layer mounted on a substrate core. With an initially estimated energy efficiency of almost three times that of standard incandescent bulbs, a number of energy, economic and environmental benefits such as less energy use and cost, reduced CO{sub 2} emissions, and no mercury contamination was initially projected. The work performed provided answers to a number of important questions. The first is that, with the investigated approaches, the maximum sustained emitter efficiencies are about 1.5 times that of a standard incandescent bulb. This was seen to be the case for both thick and thin emitters, and for both mono-layer and bi-layer designs. While observed VIS/NIR ratios represent improvements over standard incandescent bulbs, it does not appear sufficient to overcome higher cost (i.e. up to five times that of the standard bulb) and ensure commercial success. Another result is that high temperatures (i.e. 2650 K) are routinely attainable without platinum electrodes. This is significant for reducing material costs. A novel dual heating arrangement and insulated electrodes were used to attain these temperatures. Another observed characteristic of the emitter was significant grain growth soon after attaining operating temperatures. This is an undesirable characteristic that results in substantially less optical scattering and spectral selectivity, and which significantly limits emitter efficiencies to the values reported. Further work is required to address this problem.

Sonsight Inc.

2004-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

11

Tungsten wire for incandescent lamps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tungsten wire for incandescent lamp filaments must operate at high temperatures and for long times. To meet these requirements, the grain morphology of the wire must be controlled to reduce the propensity for grain boundary sliding. The morphology is a function of the distribution of very small pockets of potassium in the wire and the mechanical processing from ingot to wire. The behavior of the filament is directly related to the grain morphology. This paper describes the mechanism by which the potassium is incorporated into and distributed in the ingot. The elongation and spheroidization of the bubbles during hot rolling and swaging is also examined and related to the grain morphology of wire. Some indications of the relationship between grain morphology and filament behavior are also given.

Walter, J.L.; Briant, C.L. (General Electric Corporate Research and Development, Schenectady, NY (USA))

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Comprehensive Pyrometry of Incandescent Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene in the Visible and Near Infrared  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4.17 Image of incandescent tungsten ?to collect data from incandescent MWCNTs. An illustration ofand of Carbon at Incandescent Temper- atures,” Physical

Singer, Scott

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

DOE Requires Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent Reflector Lamps DOE Requires Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent Reflector Lamps June 24, 2010 - 2:40pm...

14

Incandescent Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA,Fermi NationalBusiness PlanPosting of| Department ofTheseIncandescent

15

AN ANALYTICAL AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LASER-INDUCED INCANDESCENCE OF SOOT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN ANALYTICAL AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LASER-INDUCED INCANDESCENCE OF SOOT A Thesis-INDUCED INCANDESCENCE OF SOOT Approved: _________________________ Jerry M. Seitzman, Chairman

Seitzman, Jerry M.

16

How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescent...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

could save you about 50 per year in energy costs when you replace 15 traditional incandescent bulbs in your home. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available today and could save...

17

Cost effectiveness of long life incandescent lamps and energy buttons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long-life replacement lamps for the incandescent lamp have been evaluated with regard to their cost effectiveness. The replacements include the use of energy buttons that extend lamp life as well as an adaptive fluorescent circline lamp that will fit into existing incandescent lamp sockets. The initial, operating, and replacement costs for one million lumen hours are determined for each lamp system. It is found that the most important component lighting cost is the operating cost. Using lamps that are less efficient or devices that cause lamps to operate less efficiently are not cost-effective. The adaptive fluorescent circline lamp, even at an initial unit cost of $20.00, is the most cost-effective source of illumination compared to the incandescent lamp and lamp systems examined.

Verderber, R.; Morse, O.

1980-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

18

Assessment of soot particle vaporization effects during laser-induced incandescence with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessment of soot particle vaporization effects during laser-induced incandescence with time-induced incandescence (LII) has been successfully used for soot volume fraction and particle size measurements

Hahn, David W.

19

Metallic photonic-band-gap filament architectures for optimized incandescent lighting Sajeev John and Rongzhou Wang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Metallic photonic-band-gap filament architectures for optimized incandescent lighting Sajeev John occur 3,4 . Tra- ditionally incandescent lighting filaments, despite being driven from equilibrium the blackbody spectrum. This suggests the pos- sibility of higher efficiency incandescent lighting, through

John, Sajeev

20

Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Laser Induced Incandescence Dr. Adri van Duin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Laser Induced Incandescence (LII) Dr. Adri van Duin Associate of Engineering. Laser Induced Incandescence (LII) is a popular method to estimate the properties of soot. Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Laser-Induced Incandescence of Soot Using an Extended ReaxFF Reactive

Bjørnstad, Ottar Nordal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

L'EMISSION ELECTRIQUE DU PLATINE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPHRE D'IODE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L'EMISSION ELECTRIQUE DU PLATINE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPH�RE D'IODE par M. S. KALANDYK influence devient nulle aux températures de chauffage élevées. 3. Pour une faible incandescence du platine approximativement linéaire; aux fortes incandescences, cette variation offre un caractère beaucoup plus compliqué. 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

22

Introduction The Sun is a mass of incandescent gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 1 Introduction The Sun is a mass of incandescent gas A gigantic nuclear furnace Building that our bodies contain atoms that, like most elements and their isotopes in the Solar System, were part of the molecular cloud from which the Solar System condensed, and were trapped in primitive

Nittler, Larry R.

23

J.-A. FLEMING. 2014 On the characteristic curves and surfaces of incandescence lamps (Courbes caractristiques des lampes incandescence) ; Phil. Mag.,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

80 J.-A. FLEMING. 2014 On the characteristic curves and surfaces of incandescence lamps (Courbes caractéristiques des lampes à incandescence) ; Phil. Mag., 5e série, t. XIX, p. 368; I885. L'auteur étudie les résistance correspondant à la force électromotrice vo à laquelle l'incandescence commence à se produire, et r

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

24

L'MISSION LECTRIQUE DU PLATINE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPHRE D'IODE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L'�MISSION �LECTRIQUE DU PLATINE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPH�RE D'IODE par M. PIERRE JEZ],du platine incandescent ~dans une atmosphère d'iode en fonction : 1, de la température ; 2, du temps; 3, de électrodes, d'un grillage métallique pour éviter les influences extérieures. L'incandescence des électrodes s

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

25

LE RAYONNEMENT DES MANCHONS A INCANDESCENCE ; Par M. H. RUBENS1).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

306 LE RAYONNEMENT DES MANCHONS A INCANDESCENCE ; Par M. H. RUBENS1). 1. - INTRODUCTION. Les remarquables propriétés du manchon à incandescence Auer ont dès l'origine excité au plus haut point l été entreprises par Langley pour la lampe à incandescence au pétrole avec l'aide de ses bolomètres

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

26

PROCD RAPIDE POUR LA PHOTOMTRIE DES BECS A INCANDESCENCE PAR LE GAZ (1) ;  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

469 PROC�D� RAPIDE POUR LA PHOTOM�TRIE DES BECS A INCANDESCENCE PAR LE GAZ (1) ; Par P. LAURIOL. Les essais des becs à incandescence par le gaz destinés à l'éclai- rage public comportent un très pendant une série de mesures. On emploie une lampe à incandescence électrique dont on #12;471 maintint la

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

27

MISSION CATHODIQUE A L'INTRIEUR DES LAMPES A INCANDESCENCE ; par M. L. HOULLEVIGUE (1).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

523 �MISSION CATHODIQUE A L'INT�RIEUR DES LAMPES A INCANDESCENCE ; par M. L. HOULLEVIGUE (1). I. Lorsqu'on survolte fortement une lampe à incandescence à filament de charbon, par exemple en mettant sous incandescent. ' , Fic.. 1. Tous ces effets peuvent être attribués, en première analyse, aux électrons émanés du

Boyer, Edmond

28

EA-1911: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Lamps  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA will evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to amend energy conservation standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Lamps.

29

How to upgrade your incandescent light bulbs Many people are choosing replacements for their standard incandescent light bulbs to save money or energy, because they've heard of new LED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How to upgrade your incandescent light bulbs Many people are choosing replacements for their standard incandescent light bulbs to save money or energy, because they've heard of new LED options, or in anticipation of the phase-out of standard incandescent bulbs in the U.S. starting in 2012. If you've shopped

Bystroff, Chris

30

Operating temperatures for a convectively cooled recessed incandescent light fixture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Test results are given for the operation of a recessed incandescent light fixture intended for residential use. The fixture is labeled for use in direct contact with attic thermal insulation. Temperature control of the powered fixture is provided by convective heat transfer from the ceiling side of the fixture. The fixture was operated at power levels up to two times the rated power of 75 watts and under thermal insulations up to R-40. In all operating configurations tested the fixture surface in contact with attic insulation was found to be less than 175/sup 0/C. The observed surface temperatures are judged to be safe for operation in contact with loose-fill or batt-type insulations. It was observed that the power leads inside one fixture configuration are exposed to temperatures as high as 168/sup 0/C. The electrical insulation could, therefore, have a limited life. The properties of the internal fixture wiring were not, however, studied in detail.

Yarbrough, D.W.; Toor, I.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Apparatus to facilitate lengthening the life of incandescent lamps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An energizing circuit is described for an incandescent bulb comprising a transformer having a primary winding connectable to an AC mains source and first and second secondary windings for producing first and second voltages. The first secondary winding is connected to an input of a first full-wave rectifier means and the second secondary winding is connected to an input of a second full-wave rectifier means, the full-wave rectifier means having outputs connected in parallel across the bulb. The first voltage is sufficient to fully illuminate the bulb and the second voltage is sufficient to maintain the bulb warm but with little or no light output, a first switch being connected between the first secondary winding and the first rectifier means whereby, when the first switch is open, the bulb is energized solely by the second voltage.

Spissinger, F.H.

1987-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

32

L'MISSION LECTRIQUE DU TUNGSTNE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPHRE D'IODE.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L'�MISSION �LECTRIQUE DU TUNGST�NE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPH�RE D'IODE. par S. KALANDYK'émission négative du tungstène; l'influence de l'iode est prépondérante aux basses températures d'incandescence 3. L vapeur d'iode augmente l'émis sion électrique négative du platine incandescent. L'influence de l'iode se

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

33

Creating markets for new products to replace incandescent lamps: The international experience  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the summer of 1995, several organizations have been in pursuit of what many consider the Holy Grail of lighting technology--a low-cost, drop-in, energy-efficient replacement for the incandescent lamp. This paper summarizes the international experience in attempting to catalyze the commercialization of a mass-market, replacement product that could have major impact on residential lighting energy consumption in US and EU homes. The technology procurement effort was originally spearheaded by US Federal Government through a loose collaboration between the Department of Defense (DoD), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE). The DoD agreed to serve as the anchor buyer for a low-cost, drop-in replacement product for standard-sized light bulbs that provide at least 30 percent energy savings compared to traditional incandescent lamps. In parallel to the US effort, the International Energy Agency launched a co-operative technology procurement effort by assembling large buyers' groups in Finland, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United Kingdom to pull a similar efficient lighting product into the European market. The lukewarm response from lamp manufacturers to these two technology procurement efforts illustrates the challenges of transforming residential lighting from incandescent to efficient lighting.

Rubinstein, F.; Borg, N.; Horowitz, N.; Narel, T.; Morehouse, E.T. Jr.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

A theoretical study of the incandescent filament lamp performance under voltage flicker  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Incandescent filament lamp flicker, produced by voltage fluctuation, is a power quality problem that caused engineering concern since the onset of electrical illumination technology. The flicker phenomenon was analyzed and explained in early studies. Standards dealing with acceptable flicker levels are well known, nevertheless, today the discussion about flicker continues to be a top priority topic due to the fact that steady-state and transient voltage waveform distortion is a growing problem in low and medium voltage systems. In many situations voltage flicker is caused by subharmonics and interharmonics of voltage. Cycloconverters, welders and arc furnaces, eccentrically operating tools and integral cycle controlled power equipment are notorious for producing voltage flicker. The goal of this paper is to provide solid mathematical basis for the analytical modeling of incandescent filament lamp flicker when the voltage is nonsinusoidal. A mathematical model that enables the evaluation of the luminous flux modulation caused by noninteger harmonics (subharmonics and interharmonics) is presented. Three situations are detailed: square-wave voltage modulation, sinusoidal modulation and the case of noninteger harmonics with nearly contiguous frequencies.

Peretto, L. [Univ. of Bologna (Italy)] [Univ. of Bologna (Italy); Emanuel, A.E. [Worcester Polytechnic Inst., MA (United States)] [Worcester Polytechnic Inst., MA (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Potential Environmental Impacts from the Metals in Incandescent, Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL), and Light-Emitting Diode (LED)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the lighting products are to be categorized as hazardous waste under existing U.S. federal and California state in lighting products without compromising their performance and useful lifespan. INTRODUCTION The U.S. Energy to increase energy efficiency for general lighting. Therefore, consumers are replacing incandescent light

Short, Daniel

36

Linings with optimum heat-emission surfaces for cars receiving and transporting incandescent coke  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The least reliable components of the cars which receive and transport incandescent coke are the lining plates. This applies to both the quenching cars used for wet quenching and the hot-coke cars used in the dry cooling process. Technical advances have been described whereby the life of car linings is prolonged by increasing heat emission from the lining plate surfaces. As the heat emission level is enhanced the mean plate temperature is lowered and the lining life thereby prolonged; moreover, the between-servicings period is prolonged. This involves providing fins on the non-working (outer) plate surfaces. The problem of optimizing the size and shape of the fins with reference to heat emission remains unsolved: the requirement is maximum heat emission from plates of a given weight, or conversely minimum plate weight for a given heat emission level. 6 refs., 3 figs.

Kotlyar, B.D.; Pleshkov, P.I.; Gadyatskii, V.G. [and others

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

37

Synthesis and luminescence properties of rare earth activated phosphors for near UV-emitting LEDs for efficacious generation of white light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lighting using incandescent lights and fluorescent lamps, asenergy used for the incandescent lamp is wasted as infraredsource to replace incandescent and fluorescent lighting [2].

Han, Jinkyu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

13 Figure 10. Efficacy of AC incandescent13 Figure 11. Efficacy of AC incandescent reflectorand halogen lamps, which are incandescent, have considerably

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Energy Savings and NOx Emissions Reduction Potential from the 2012 Federal Legislation to Phase Out Incandescent Lamps in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lamps in Texas Description Value Reference Total Housing Units in Texas in 2013: 10,204,056 Real Estate Center, Texas A&M University3, U.S. Census Bureau4 5 Average Lighting Electricity Usage per House: 1,946 kWh/yr NREL Building America Program6... Savings in Texas: 10,424,973 MWh/yr OSD CFL Savings in Texas: 28,562 MWh/day By 2013, it is estimated that total savings of 10,424,973 MWh/yr would be achieved from replacing incandescent lamps with compact fluorescent lamps (CFL) in residential...

Liu, Zi; Baltazar, Juan Carlos; Haberl, Jeff; Soman, Rohit

40

Comparison of 60-Hz electric fields and incandescent light as aversive stimuli controlling the behavior of rats  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rats were exposed to two procedures which enabled them to press a lever to turn off a 90 or 100 kV/m 60-Hz electric field or, later in the study, illumination from an incandescent lamp. Under one procedure, a response turned off the stimulus for a fixed duration, after which the stimulus was turned on again. A response during the off-period restarted the fixed duration. None of the rats turned the field off reliably. Next, under an alternative procedure, pressing one lever turned the field off; pressing the other lever turned it back on; responding under those conditions differed little from that seen at 0 kV/m. Under both procedures, when illumination from an incandescent lamp served as the stimulus, each rat did turn the stimulus off, and performances varied with stimulus intensity. The results show that a 100 kV/m 60-Hz electric field is not sufficient to function as an aversive stimulus under two procedures where illumination from a lamp does function as an aversive stimulus.

Stern, S.; Laties, V.G.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

2014-04-11 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking regarding energy conservation standards for general service fluorescent lamps and incandescent reflectors lamps, as issued by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy on April 11, 2014.

42

Theoretical and experimental investigations into the particular features of the process of converting coal gas hydrocarbons on incandescent coke  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The prospects of the use of reducing gases in ferrous metallurgy and the possibilities for using them as a basis for coke production have been presented by the authors of the present article in the past. In the present report, the authors present certain results of theoretical and experimental investigations into the process of converting coal gas hydrocarbons on incandescent coke. The modification of the present-day method of thermodynamically calculating stable compositions of coking products, which was developed by the authors, has made it possible to apply it to specific chemical systems and process conditions not met with before, such as the conversion of hydrocarbons in mixtures of actual industrial gases (coal gas and blast furnace gas) in the presence of carbon and considerable amounts of hydrogen.

Zubilin, I.G.; Umanskii, V.E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Max Tech Appliance Design: Potential for Maximizing U.S. Energy Savings through Standards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and lighting dominantly incandescent. LED) replace Althoughare similar, LED incandescent efficacies are expected toUse (TWh) a Lighting (incandescent, including reflector

Garbesi, Karina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG | Department ofHTS CableDepartment ofDepartment ofDepartmentInauguration

45

LED Record Efficacy and Brightness  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Designed for general lighting applications such as street, industrial, and parking garage lighting, the Cree XLamp® power LED sets new records for LED brightness and efficacy, up to 85 lm/W at 350 mA. The XLamp utilizes Cree's performance breakthrough EZBright™ LED chip; both products include technology that was developed in part with R&D funding support from DOE.

46

Luminous Efficacy Standards for General Purpose Lights  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Assembly Bill 178, adopted in June 2007, established efficacy* standards for general purpose lights sold in the state of Nevada. The bill set the required efficacy at 25 lumens per watt (lm/W) of...

47

Slutrapport for PSO 337-068 Udvikling af LED lyskilder og lamper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and RGB Lamps. The objective of this project was to pave the way for replacement of incandescent LED light source with an efficacy of 51 lm/W and a CRI index of 92 that can replace an incandescent

48

Ceramic Mugs & Dishes Incandescent Light Bulbs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, MU East Rock Hall/19-B CELL PHONES - EYEGLASSES 654 Minnesota Street Room 208, copy room CVRI Helen. Zion Cancer Research Building N423 Parnassus Campus: eyeglasses "I" level, Optometry Store, MU West

Yamamoto, Keith

49

Energy-Saving Incandescents | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProvedDecember 2005DepartmentDecember 2011District |Department

50

Energy-Saving Incandescents | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergyIDIQBusinessinSupporting JobsClean EnergyAcross U.S. Industry

51

DOE Publishes Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

a new report, SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning. The report was created in response to requests from utilities and energy efficiency...

52

aom efficacy study: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

variations in poor localities influence the capacity for community efficacy. Through a multivariate analysis using 497 households in poor localities of Addis Ababa, we...

53

Cost-Efficacy in Wetland Restoration Projects in Coastal Louisiana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARTICLE Cost-Efficacy in Wetland Restoration Projects in Coastal Louisiana Joy Merino & Christiane, such as wetland loss, influence CWPPRA project selection for funding. We found that the program was selecting cost- effective projects overall. Cost efficacy varied significantly by restoration project type, with barrier

54

ECE 466: LED Lighting Systems -Incandescent lightings rise and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

versus cost - Power Electronic Drives for CFL and LED light sources to achieve dimmable operation - Basic electric AC and DC circuits at Sophomore level or equivalents Absolutes Lighting System Requirements index as a metric of a light source - Power Electronic Energy sources driving light sources in a compact

Schumacher, Russ

55

Underwater Lighting by Submerged Lasers and Incandescent Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

books. For eX3.I11ple, equation (5.49.1) on page 107 of Glastone and Edlund's, "Elements of Nuclear Reactor

Duntley, Seibert Q

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr FlickrGuidedCH2MLLC HistoryVeterans | UpdatesHowGetDoes a

57

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar HomePromisingStories » Removing nuclear waste,

58

DOE Requires Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana. DOCUMENTSof Energy DOEDOEAVAILABLEDepartment ofHeld

59

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |EnergyonSupport0.pdf5Post-Holiday HolidayProcessRateofofRenewable EnergyRenewable

60

Microneedle delivery for improved efficacy of antiretroviral and antibiotic drugs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two classes of drugs, antiretrovirals and antibiotics, could benefit greatly from delivery through microneedles. Microneedles (MN) offer an increase in efficacy for these drugs by providing delivery to the lymphatic system ...

Stauber, Zachary Jason

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Power Planning Challenges in a Fast MarketChallenges in a Fast Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incandescent 10 80 Downlight CFL 40 88 But it's not all about efficacy: · Cost · Life O t t 4Foot Linear, nondimmable at bottom, and dimmable at top). , p) A halogen incandescent costs about $2.50/klm today. #12

62

Efficacy of 45 lm/W Achieved in White OLED  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Universal Display Corporation (UDC) successfully demonstrated an all phosphorescent white organic light emitting diode (WOLED™) with a power efficacy of 45 lm/W at 1,000 cd/m2. This high-efficacy device was enabled by lowering the device operating voltage, increasing the outcoupling efficiency to ~40% from ~20%, and by incorporating highly efficient phosphorescent emitters that are capable of converting nearly all current passing through a WOLED into light.

63

Formalizing Concepts for Efficacy-aware Business Process Modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Formalizing Concepts for Efficacy-aware Business Process Modeling Matthias Lohrmann and Manfred.lohrmann,manfred.reichert}@uni-ulm.de Abstract. In business process design, business objective models can ful- fill the role of formal business process management concepts yet. Moreover, process models are currently not sufficiently

Ulm, Universität

64

Efficacy of polymeric encapsulated C5a peptidasebased group B streptococcus vaccines in a murine model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficacy of polymeric encapsulated C5a peptidase­based group B streptococcus vaccines in a murine the efficacy of vari- ous polymeric-encapsulated C5a peptidase vaccine formulations in eliciting a long al. Efficacy of polymeric encapsulated C5a peptidase­based group B streptococcus vaccines in a murine

Salem, Aliasger K.

65

SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An LED lamp or luminaire can generally be found that matches or exceeds the efficacy of benchmark technologies in a given product category, and LED products continue to expand into ever-higher lumen output niches. However, the price premium for LED continues to pose a barrier to adoption in many applications, in spite of expected savings from reduced energy use and maintenance. Other factors—such as dimmability and quality of light—can also present challenges. The appropriate type, timing, and magnitude of energy efficiency activities will vary from organization to organization based on local variables and the method of evaluation. A number of factors merit consideration when prioritizing activities for development. Category-specific projections for pricing and efficacy are provided herein to assist in efficiency program planning efforts.

Tuenge, Jason R.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

An Investigation of the Effect of After-Action Reviews on Teams' Performance-Efficacy Relationships  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

work has provided strong evidence that past performance is a better predictor of future performance than self-efficacy and that self- efficacy explains very little variance in future performance when examined longitudinally after controlling for past...?s assessment of its efficacy will be more congruent with its actual past performance of the task and as such, can be used more effectively by the team in allocating resources in pursuit of successful task performance. For example, a team that performs poorly...

Schurig, Ira

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

67

Mechanisms of NDV-3 vaccine efficacy in MRSA skin versus invasive infection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 vaccine efficacy in MRSA skin versus invasive infectionFig. 1) and suppression of MRSA proliferation (Fig. 2). Eachseverity and suppression of MRSA bioluminescence (Figs. 1

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Personal science teaching efficacy and the beliefs and practices of elementary teachers related to science instruction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and women in mathematics, science, and technology careers.Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 45(9), 1036-1058.development of an elementary science teaching efficacy

Lardy, Corinne H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Mathematics Self-Efficacy of Community College Students in Developmental Mathematics Courses.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Mathematics self-efficacy was defined as an individual's beliefs about how he or she would perform a specific math task or in a specific mathematics or… (more)

Clutts, David Walker

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

E-Print Network 3.0 - affected saflufenacil efficacy Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

efficacy Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Preplant Burndown, Weed Management and Cotton Response to Saflufenacil J.W. Keeling Summary: establishment and cotton growth, and 3)...

71

Landscape Planning and Biogeochemistry: Estimating and Analyzing Carbon Sequestration Efficacy In Dryland Open Space.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Despite public demand for climate change mitigation and natural open space conservancy, existing political and design efforts are only beginning to address the declining efficacy… (more)

Huck, Erick Otto

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Energy-efficient compact screw-in fluorescent lamp. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A compact fluorescent lamp has been designed and constructed which can replace an incandescent lamp. The lamp is slightly larger than a standard lamp (8 3/4 in. x 3 1/4 in.), but is designed to fit a majority of portable lamp applications. This version, with a core-coil ballast, results in a system efficacy of 54 lumens per watt, with a light output of more than 1800 lumens. This compares favorably with a 100-watt incandescent (17.5 lumens per watt and 1750 lumens light output). The color temperature of 3000/sup 0/K is compatible with an incandescent lamp (2800/sup 0/K). The color rendition index (CRI) is 84. With a solid-state ballast, the efficacy and light output could be increased by 20% (65 l/w, 2200 lumens) and could provide a direct replacement for a three-way, 150-watt incandescent lamp (15 l/w, 2200 lumens).

Morton, E.W.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

High efficacy plasma display panel with vertically raised bus electrodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors propose a high efficacy alternating current plasma display panel utilizing vertically raised multilayer bus electrodes. The cell structure was designed to provide an opposite discharge mode and low discharge current in a relatively long gap. The test panels having discharge gaps of 330, 350, and 370 {mu}m were fabricated and basic properties of the panel were investigated in terms of current-voltage characteristics, luminance, and luminous efficiency. The cells with proposed structure show higher luminance and lower current simultaneously. The improvement in luminous efficiency is found to be a factor of 2 compared with the conventional coplanar structure having an electrode gap of 60 {mu}m. Emission spectra and spatio-temporal distribution of infrared light in discharge were measured. It is shown that high luminous efficiency of proposed cell originates from high excitation efficiency, low surface loss of charged particles, and enlarged discharge volume.

Ok, Jung-Woo; Lee, Hae June; Kim, Dong-Hyun; Park, Chung-Hoo; Lee, Ho-Jun; Kim, Jae-Sung; Choi, Kwang-Yeol [Department of Electrical Engineering, Pusan National University, Geumjeong-gu, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of); PDP R and D Department, PDP Division, LG Electronics Inc., Gumi 730-030 (Korea, Republic of); Digital Display Research Laboratory, LG Electronics Inc., Seoul 137-724 (Korea, Republic of)

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

74

Development of High Efficacy, Low Cost Phosphorescent Oled Lightning Luminaire  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this two year program, UDC together with Armstrong World Industries, Professor Stephen Forrest (University of Michigan) and Professor Mark Thompson (University of Southern California) planned to develop and deliver high efficiency OLED lighting luminaires as part of an integrated ceiling illumination system that exceed the Department of Energy (DOE) 2010 performance projections. Specifically the UDC team in 2010 delivered two prototype OLED ceiling illumination systems, each consisting of four individual OLED lighting panels on glass integrated into Armstrong's novel TechZone open architecture ceiling systems, at an overall system efficacy of 51 lm/W, a CRI = 85 and a projected lifetime to 70% of initial luminance to exceed 10,000 hours. This accomplishment represents a 50% increase in luminaire efficacy and a factor of two in lifetime over that outlined in the solicitation. In addition, the team has also delivered one 15cm x 15cm lighting panel fabricated on a flexible metal foil substrate, demonstrating the possibility using OLEDs in a range of form factors. During this program, our Team has pursued the commercialization of these OLED based ceiling luminaires, with a goal to launch commercial products within the next three years. We have proven that our team is ideally suited to develop these highly novel and efficient solid state lighting luminaires, having both the technical experience and commercial strategy to leverage work performed under this contract. Our calculations show that the success of our program could lead to energy savings of more than 0.5 quads or 8 MMTC (million metric tons of carbon) per year by 2016.

Michael Hack

2010-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

75

A Highly Efficacious Lymphocyte Chemoattractant, Stromal Cell-derived Factor 1 (SDF-1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Highly Efficacious Lymphocyte Chemoattractant, Stromal Cell-derived Factor 1 (SDF-1) By Conrad C-derived factor 1 (SDF-1). SDF-1 acts on lymphocytes and monocytes but not neutrophils in vitro and is both a highly efficacious and highly potent mononuclear cell attractant in vivo. In addition, SDF-1 induces

Springer, Timothy A.

76

Measuring the Efficacy of Leaders to Assess Information and Make Decisions in a Crisis: The C-LEAD Scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on literature and expert interviews, we developed the Crisis Leader Efficacy in Assessing and Deciding scale (C-LEAD) to capture the efficacy of leaders to assess information and make decisions in a public health and ...

Pittinsky, Todd L.

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Table of Contents Page i 2013 Residential Compliance Manual January 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

............................................................................24 6.4.2 Incandescent Luminaires

78

E-Print Network 3.0 - anti-irritants ii efficacy Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mailbox in the facultystaff mailbox area in front of the elevator at the college. Student Self-Efficacy... this form at the end of the semester for SocW 570 Field Instruction...

79

Structured communication: effects on teaching efficacy of student teachers and student teacher - cooperating teacher relationships  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Teaching efficacy beliefs of agricultural science student teachers, and their relationship with their cooperating teachers during field experiences, are variables that may affect the number of student teachers entering the profession. The purpose...

Edgar, Don Wayne

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

80

Efficacy of Misuse Detection in Adhoc Networks Dhanant Subhadrabandhu, Saswati Sarkar, and Farooq Anjum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Efficacy of Misuse Detection in Adhoc Networks Dhanant Subhadrabandhu, Saswati Sarkar, and Farooq. Subhadrabandhu and S. Sarkar are at the department of Electrical and Systems Engineering at the University

Sarkar, Saswati

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Comprehensive Pyrometry of Incandescent Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene in the Visible and Near Infrared  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E. Pop, “Infrared Microscopy of Joule Heating in Graphenenear infrared is attainable through gating and heating of

Singer, Scott

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

A calibration-independent laser-induced incandescence technique for soot measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@nrc.ca), and F. Liu (fèngshan.liu@nrc.ca) are with The Institute for Chemical Process and Environmental levels of particulate matter exacerbates several pulmonary diseases, including asthma, bronchitis is a serious environmental pollutant and a health risk. To assist policy markers in regulating particulate

GĂĽlder, Ă?mer L.

83

Aerosol Mass Spectrometry via Laser-Induced Incandescence Particle Vaporization Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have successfully developed and commercialized a soot particle aerosol mass spectrometer (SP-AMS) instrument to measure mass, size, and chemical information of soot particles in ambient environments. The SP-AMS instrument has been calibrated and extensively tested in the laboratory and during initial field studies. The first instrument paper describing the SP-AMS has been submitted for publication in a peer reviewed journal and there are several related papers covering initial field studies and laboratory studies that are in preparation. We have currently sold 5 SP-AMS instruments (either as complete systems or as SP modules to existing AMS instrument operators).

Timothy B. Onasch

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

84

Comprehensive Pyrometry of Incandescent Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene in the Visible and Near Infrared  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of 1990 (ITS-90). ,” Metrologia, vol. 27, p. 3, Mar. 1990. [Wavelength Pyrometry,” Metrologia, vol. 17, p. 103, 1981. [

Singer, Scott

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Power Quality Improvements in Lighting Systems Mr. Ashish Shrivastava  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from early incandescent lamps to present generation light emitting diodes (LEDs). Incandescent light

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

86

Assessing the Performance of 5mm White LED Light Sources for Developing-Country Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performance variations. Incandescent and fluorescent lightbetter than the common incandescent lamp. Off-grid lighting

Mills, Evan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Collective efficacy as identified by teachers at Heritage Middle School, East Central Independent School District, San Antonio, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the students at Heritage Middle School successful. iv The second question studied was, “What is the relationship between selected demographic variables and the perceptions of the teachers regarding collective efficacy at Heritage Middle School, East Central... Based on Ethnicity ............................................................................................. 64 10 Independent Samples t-test of the White and Hispanic Teachers From Heritage Middle School in the Perceived Collective Efficacy Survey...

Naumann, Luisa Maria

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

88

OBIT DEVELOPMENT MEMO SERIES NO. 21 1 Efficacy of Obit Threading on an EVLA Dataset  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OBIT DEVELOPMENT MEMO SERIES NO. 21 1 Efficacy of Obit Threading on an EVLA Dataset W. D. Cotton, R of the Obit wide bandwidth imager MFImage in realistic tests on an EVLA dataset including multiple iterations://www.cv.nrao.edu/bcotton/Obit.html) to do wide- band imaging of a recent EVLA dataset. This test uses multiple iterations of self

Groppi, Christopher

89

Efficacy-aware Business Process Modeling Matthias Lohrmann and Manfred Reichert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficacy-aware Business Process Modeling Matthias Lohrmann and Manfred Reichert Ulm University. In business process design, business objective models can ful- fill the role of formal requirement definitions for progressive appli- cations like automated process optimization. Key words: Business Process Modeling

Ulm, Universität

90

Comparison of the Efficacy of Popular Weight Loss Programs in Sedentary Overweight Women  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study compared the efficacy of the Curves® Complete 90-day Challenge (CC), Weight Watchers® Points Plus (WW), Jenny Craig® At Home (JC), and Nutrisystem® Advance Select™ (NS) on weight loss, body composition and/or markers of health and fitness...

Baetge, Claire

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

91

Heat of the Moment: Characterizing the Efficacy of Thermal Camera-Based Attacks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat of the Moment: Characterizing the Efficacy of Thermal Camera-Based Attacks Keaton Mowery UC to analyze the data. First, we present code recovery re- sults from human review of our test data set lock on an industrial safe, he found that body heat from the user transferred to the individual keys

92

Efficacy of Imazapyr and Glyphosate in the Control of Non-Native Phragmites australis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficacy of Imazapyr and Glyphosate in the Control of Non-Native Phragmites australis Thomas J reed (Phragmites australis) has been expanding into previously unoccupied wetland habitats throughout, phragmites, wetlands. Introduction The common reed (Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. Ex Steud.) has been

McGlathery, Karen

93

Comparison of technologies for new energy-efficient lamps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy-efficient light bulbs are being developed to replace the incandescent lamp where they can satisfy the design criteria and be used in sockets that have long hours of annual use. The four technologies discussed here include the compact fluorescent lamp, coated-filament lamp, electrodeless fluorescent lamp, and compact high-intensity discharge lamp. The systems demonstrate efficacy improvements of two to four times that of their incandescent counterparts. These new lamps have required considerable advances in lamp technology. They offer the potential for achieving efficacies close to 80 lumens per watt. These new lamps will reduce the energy used annually by incandescent lamps (190 BkWh) by more than 50% in the 1990s, at which times they will be commonly employed.

Verderber, R.R.; Rubinstein, F.R.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Comparison of technologies for new energy-efficient lamps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy-efficient light bulbs are being developed to replace the incandescent lamp where they can satisfy the design criteria and be used in sockets that have long hours of annual use. The four technologies discussed include the compact fluorescent lamp, coated-filament lamp, electrodeless fluorescent lamp, and compact high-intensity discharge lamp. The systems demonstrate efficacy improvements of two to four times that of their incandescent counterparts. These new lamps have required considerable advances in lamp technology. They offer the potential for achieving efficacies close to 80 lm/W. These new lamps will reduce the energy used annually by incandescent lamps (190 billion kWh) by more than 50 percent in the 1990's, at which times they will be commonly employed.

Verderber, R.R.; Rubinstein, F.M.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Influence of Agricultural Dual Credit on Student College Readiness Self-Efficacy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INFLUENCE OF AGRICULTURAL DUAL CREDIT ON STUDENT COLLEGE READINESS SELF-EFFICACY A Record of Study by ALANNA LEE NEELY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... should consider earning postsecondary degrees and credentials. The Completion Agenda states: This increased focus on college completion (not simply college access) is reflected in, for example, President Obama?s goal for the United States...

Neely, Alanna L.

2013-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

96

OSRAM SYLVANIA Demonstrates 1,439-Lumen Downlight with Efficacy of 82 lm/W  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

OSRAM SYLVANIA researchers have demonstrated a downlight luminaire that achieves 1,439 lumens at an efficacy of 82 lm/W in steady-state operation. These results exceed the project goals of achieving 1,300 lumens and 70 lm/W at a CCT of 3500K and CRI of 80. Improvements in LED chips, phosphors, optics, electronics, and thermal management at OSRAM all contributed to the higher-than-projected luminaire performance.

97

Strobe Light Deterrent Efficacy Test and Fish Behavior Determination at Grand Coulee Dam Third Powerplant Forebay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the third year of a four-year study to assess the efficacy of a prototype strobe light system to elicit a negative phototactic response in kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (O. mykiss) in the forebay to the third powerplant at Grand Coulee Dam. This work was conducted for the Bonneville Power Administration, U.S. Department of Energy, by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in conjunction with the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (Colville Confederated Tribes).

Simmons, Mary Ann; Johnson, Robert L.; McKinstry, Craig A.; Simmons, Carver S.; Cook, Chris B.; Brown, Richard S.; Tano, Daniel K.; Thorsten, Susan L.; Faber, Derrek M.; Lecaire, Richard; Francis, Stephen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Encapsulated interferon-tau during Theiler's virus-induced demyelinating disease: efficacy of treatment and immune response profile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

significant number suffer severe negative side effects and must cease treatment. Thus, alternative therapeutics that offer less cytotoxicity and greater efficacy are a major objective of research. This dissertation evaluated a novel type I interferon...

Dean, Dana Deanna

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

99

Teacher self-efficacy in Cape Town : a bottom up approach to enhancing the quality of education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Personal teacher self-efficacy (PTE), or the belief in one's own ability to overcome a particular challenge, often acts as a catalyst for teachers to improve the effectiveness of their teaching. Gaining PTE can translate ...

Kim, YeSeul

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Confocal microphotoluminescence of InGaN-based light-emitting diodes Koichi Okamoto,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for conventional incandescent and fluorescent light bulbs.5 However, luminous efficacies of commercial white LEDs spectrum region, the external quantum efficiency ext of the LED has achieved 20% at room temperature 25 lm/W have been still lower than that of fluorescent tubes 75 lm/W . Thus, the most important re

Okamoto, Koichi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Zinc Oxide and Nitride Nanowire Based Light Emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

only be able to find incandescent lightbulbs and fluorescent10: Output spectra of incandescent light bulb, fluorescentemission spectra. The incandescent light bulb for example

Lai, Elaine Michelle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Building Technologies Program - 1995 Annual Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

more efficient than typical incandescent lamps (17 lpw),near term with the ubiquitous incandescent light bulb in theyet fit in virtually any incandescent socket. Emboldened by

Selkowitz, S.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Equipment years years Incandescent Lamps (Residential)W CFL 4hr/day Chinese Data Incandescent Lamps (Commercial)and Industrial End Uses Incandescent Lamps Refrigerators Air

McNeil, Michael A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Estimate of Technical Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for typical wattage of incandescent bulbs and hours of usagefor which we assume that incandescent bulbs gradually getsimilar to that of incandescent or fluorescent bulbs. These

Letschert, Virginie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Status and Opportunities for Improving the Consistency of Technical Reference Manuals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

than an equivalent incandescent). More recent TRMs tend torequiring standard incandescent bulbs to be 30% morea ratio of average incandescent wattage removed to average

Jayaweera, Tina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lighting (replacement of incandescent lamps with CFLs) withof each type of lamp: incandescent; fluorescent tubes; andless consumptive than incandescent bulbs. Second, it impacts

McNeil, Michael A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Impact of Large Scale Energy Efficiency Programs On Consumer Tariffs and Utility Finances in India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumers to replace incandescent bulbs with CFLs. Weprograms (for example, incandescent bulbs) and j indicatesend-use (for example, incandescent bulbs) in 2011 and, T c

Abhyankar, Nikit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps EPACTBallasts and Fixtures General Service Incandescent Lamps,Intermediate Base Incandescent Lamps and Candelabra Base

Meyers, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Stalled on the Road to the Market: Analysis of Field Experience with a Project to Promote Lighting Efficiency in India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

several rea- sons: (1) incandescent lamps, the products thatin replacing an incandescent with a CFL is unmatched in anysame quantity of light as an incandescent lamp. The BELLE

Gadgil, A.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Residential Electricity Demand in China -- Can Efficiency Reverse the Growth?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2000: Lighting Type Incandescent Fluorescent CFL Percentagescenario, we assume that incandescent bulbs are graduallyW 60W 15W Fluorescent Lamps Incandescent Lamps CFL We then

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy consumed by an incandescent bulb is emitted in thefluorescent (CFL), and incandescent lights typically arelamps in place of incandescent bulbs in most cases; and

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Quality and Performance of LED Flashlights in Kenya: Common End User Preferences and Complaints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shift from conventional incandescent technology to modernby dry cell batteries, incandescent flashlights powered by aSLA battery, and incandescent flashlights powered by dry

Tracy, Jenny

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHTING PROGRAM. CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT DIVISION ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

socket for a standard incandescent lamp. Once the diffuserwhether the lamp is fluorescent or incandescent, Comparedto the incandescent lamp, the circline fluorescent improves

Berman, S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 through 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps EPACTBallasts and Fixtures General Service Incandescent Lamps,Intermediate Base Incandescent Lamps and Candelabra Base

Meyers, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Controls for Solid-State Lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

very high would replace incandescent and halogen A modernmotion sensor, the incandescent lamp switches on providing awork with fluorescent and incandescent lighting as well as

Rubinstein, Francis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

2006 Status Report Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) Voluntary Labeling Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10,000 hours) than incandescent lamps (usually estimated atcurrent plus several future incandescent lamp purchases. Themany times longer than incandescent lamps, maintenance costs

Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Sanchez, Marla; Homan, Gregory K.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

people reported using an incandescent dry cell flashlightpurchasers. Type of Light  Incandescent  LED dry cell  LED LED rechargeable, and incandescent dry cell flashlights were

Tracy, Jennifer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

out of inefficient incandescent light bulbs”, informationof a complete phasing out of incandescent lamps by 2009. Theof an import restriction on incandescent general lighting

McNeil, MIchael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Potential Impact of Adopting Maximum Technologies as Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and general lighting incandescent services (GLIS) areLighting Phase out of incandescent lighting has been passedout of general service incandescent lamps (GSIL) which don’t

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps MediumBallasts and Fixtures General Service Incandescent Lamps,Intermediate Base Incandescent Lamps and Candelabra Base

Meyers, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Economic Analysis of Ilumex, A Project to Promote Energy-Efficient Residential Lighting in Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results for Replaceable Incandescent Lamps GUADALAJARA:new pesoslkWh respectively. Incandescent bulb purchase iscompared to conventional incandescent lamps, but its much

Sathaye, Jayant A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Estimate of Cost-Effective Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies Energy Savings, Environmental and Financial Impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lighting, we assume that incandescent bulbs have a one-yeargigaton Indonesia India incandescent Lamp Japan Koreaprice data for 60-watt incandescent bulbs, excluding non-

Letschert, Virginie E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Radiative Heat Transfer in Enhanced Hydrogen Outgassing of Glass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

samples are exposed to an incandescent lamp. Acknowledgmentin a furnace or by an incandescent lamp. It was observedwhen heated by an incandescent lamp than within furnace.

Kitamura, Rei; Pilon, Laurent

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

2007 Status Report: Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) VoluntaryLabeling Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10,000 hours) than incandescent lamps (usually estimated atcurrent plus several future incandescent lamp purchases. Themany times longer than incandescent lamps, maintenance costs

Sanchez, Marla; Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Homan, Gregory K.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Analysis of Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards for Residential General Service Lighting in Chile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

phasing out the use of incandescent lamps. Following majorproposed phase out of incandescent bulbs in Chile. 2 Lifeless energy: here incandescent lights (IL) are evaluated

Letschert, Virginie E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Industrial End Uses Incandescent Lamps RefrigeratorsMachines Industrial Motors Incandescent Lamps Standby PowerGas Water  Heaters,  Incandescent  Lamps, 286 Industrial 

McNeil, Michael A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Assessing the Performance of LED-Based Flashlights Available in the Kenyan Off-Grid Lighting Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have largely displaced incandescent flashlights in retailinvolving the use of incandescent lighting, unless there areFluorescent Flashlight C Incandescent SPX 50 Fluorescent y x

Tracy, Jennifer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

2005 Status Report Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) Voluntary Labeling Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10,000 hours) than incandescent lamps (usually estimated atcurrent plus several future incandescent lamp purchases. Themany times longer than incandescent lamps, maintenance costs

Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Sanchez, Marla

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Max Tech and Beyond: Fluorescent Lamps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps; Finalmany end- use applications. Incandescent Outdoor Stationaryof color compared with the incandescent reference source is

Scholand, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2012)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gradually Phasing Out Incandescent Lamps in China has beenhand, a phase- out of incandescent lamps has begun to “Gradually Phasing Out Incandescent Lamps in China in 2011.

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Managing Your Energy: An ENERGY STAR(R) Guide for Identifying Energy Savings in Manufacturing Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fluorescent (CFL), and incandescent lights are typicallyhours) Applications Incandescent Task Halogen Task CFL TaskCenter of Wisconsin. Replace incandescent lamps with compact

Worrell, Ernst

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Energy Data Sourcebook for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

device. For instance, an incandescent bulb used one hour persockets. We create incandescent bulb UECs by both hours ofand lifetimes for standard incandescent bulbs and their more

Wenzel, T.P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Making the Market Right for Environmentally Sound Energy-Efficient Technologies: U.S. Buildings Sector Successes that Might Work in Developing Countries and Eastern Europe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

than their 100-year old incandescent ancestors. However,Hz core-coil ballasts. Incandescent lighting consumes aboutthe developing world, incandescent lamps drive peak demand,

Gadgil, A.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

weighted average across incandescent, CFL, and non-ENERGYreports power savings from incandescent/CFL lamp replacementreplacement of a 65 W incandescent lamp with a 16 W compact

Sanchez, Marla Christine

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Max Tech and Beyond: High-Intensity Discharge Lamps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of color compared with the incandescent reference source isin this report. Standard Incandescent Halogen Low-Pressure:value equivalent to an incandescent filament lamp. Taking

Scholand, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Synthesis and characterization of visible emission from rare-earth doped aluminum nitride, gallium nitride and gallium aluminum nitride powders and thin films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

residential lighting using incandescent lights [2], as shownenergy used for the incandescent lamp is wasted as infraredlight source to replace incandescent lighting [1]. Figure

Tao, Jonathan Huai-Tse

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Acting Globally: Potential Carbon Emissions Mitigation Impacts from an International Standards and Labelling Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

both fluorescent and incandescent), standby power (forFluorescent Tubes Incandescent Lamps All % of CFL variableRefrigerator Savings Incandescent Lamp Savings Fluorescent

Letschert, Virginie E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commercial Equipment Incandescent Lamps Refrigerators RoomElectric Water Heaters Incandescent Lamps In 2020 In 2030512 Central AC &  HP , 264 Incandescent  Lamps, 513 Standby 

Bojda, Nicholas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Energy Management A Program of Energy Conservation for the Community College Facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

whenever possible) Lamps Type (incandescent, fluorescent,are as follows: Lamp Type Incandescent FI uorescent Mercurylumens/watt lumens/watt Incandescent Mercury Metal Additive

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Use Patterns of LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis of Flashlight Ownership  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Kenya, outpacing incandescent flashlights (Johnstone etbenefits relative to incandescent bulbs, and low-cost LEDsby dry cell batteries, incandescent flashlights powered by a

Tracy, Jennifer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

52LPW assuming 80% incandescent @14LPW goes to CFL @52LPWthan the traditional incandescent lighting it is replacingbest technology Lighting Incandescent, fluorescent, LED

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

The National Energy Policy Act and lamp replacement options  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Policy Act of 1992 involves the creation of energy efficiency standards for a wide range of products including fluorescent and incandescent lamps. Minimum efficacy (lumens per watt) and color rendering index (CRI) standards are mandated for the popular fluorescent lamps: four-foot medium bi-pin, two-foot U-bent, eight-foot slimline and eight-foot high output. Minimum efficacies are mandated for specific incandescent R and PAR reflector lamps. These standards will affect selected colors and designs of fluorescent lamps, the most significant being the standard lamps in the cool white and warm white colors. The incandescent reflector lamps will include the R-30, R-40, PAR-38 lamps above 40 watts, excluding the halogen types. These efficiency and color rendering standards will require end-users and specifiers to select replacement fluorescent lamps from a range of performance characteristics (lumen output, efficacy, CRI and price). The choice of replacement for the R and PAR incandescent lamps will include the halogen designs and compact fluorescent designs. In this paper, replacement options will be analyzed and discussed and the effect of these options on the performance of the lighting system will be explored in detail.

Ryerson, C.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Phosphors for near UV-Emitting LED's for Efficacious Generation of White Light  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

1) We studied phosphors for near-UV (nUV) LED application as an alternative to blue LEDs currently being used in SSL systems. We have shown that nUV light sources could be very efficient at high current and will have significantly less binning at both the chip and phosphor levels. We identified phosphor blends that could yield 4100K lamps with a CRI of approximately 80 and LPWnUV,opt equal to 179 for the best performing phosphor blend. Considering the fact that the lamps were not optimized for light coupling, the results are quite impressive. The main bottleneck is an optimum blue phosphor with a peak near 440 nm with a full width half maximum of about 25 nm and a quantum efficiency of >95%. Unfortunately, that may be a very difficult task when we want to excite a phosphor at ~400 nm with a very small margin for Stokes shift. Another way is to have all the phosphors in the blend having the excitation peak at 400 nm or slightly shorter wavelength. This could lead to a white light source with no body color and optimum efficacy due to no self-absorption effects by phosphors in the blend. This is even harder than finding an ideal blue phosphor, but not necessarily impossible. 2) With the phosphor blends identified, light sources using nUV LEDs at high current could be designed with comparable efficacy to those using blue LEDs. It will allow us to design light sources with multiple wattages using the same chips and phosphor blends simply by varying the input current. In the case of blue LEDs, this is not currently possible because varying the current will lower the efficacy at high current and alter the color point. With improvement of phosphor blends, control over CRI could improve. Less binning at the chip level and also at the phosphor blend level could reduce the cost of SSL light sources. 3) This study provided a deeper understanding of phosphor characteristics needed for LEDs in general and nUV LEDs in particular. Two students received Ph.D. degrees and three undergraduates participated in this work. Two of the undergraduate students are now in graduate school. The results were widely disseminated – 20 archival journal publications (published, accepted or in preparation) and three conference proceedings resulted. The students presented their work at 11 different national/international conferences (32 oral or poster presentations) and the PI’s delivered 12 invited, keynote or plenary lectures.

McKittrick, Joanna

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

144

A simple evaluation of global and diffuse Luminous Efficacy for all sky conditions in tropical and humid climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reason that prompts us to study these luminous efficacy values is that simulation software for buildings introduced in the software enables illuminance values simulation using solar irradiance databases. Firstly obtained are used in CODYRUN 2 simulation software for predicted illuminance values in Reunion Island. 2

Boyer, Edmond

145

199USDAForestServiceGen.Tech.Rep.PSW-GTR-160.1997. Efficacy of HerbicideApplication Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

version of this paper was presented at the Symposium on Oak Woodlands: Ecology,Management,andUrban199USDAForestServiceGen.Tech.Rep.PSW-GTR-160.1997. Efficacy of HerbicideApplication Methods Used tanoak (although tanoak is presently useful for fuelwood in the Santa Cruz area). Finding an effective

Standiford, Richard B.

146

The efficacy of salmon carcass analogs for enhancing stream and fish production in the Wind River watershed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The efficacy of salmon carcass analogs for enhancing stream and fish production in the Wind River watershed, Washington, to evaluate the effects of nutrient enhancement on measures of stream and fish production. We compared low level water chemistry, water quality, and periphyton, insect, and fish production

147

ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM--2000 87.1 ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

glow of incandescent lighting. The incandescent lamp mantle industry was established in 1884 with a brilliant white incandescence. With the advent of the electric incandescent lamp around 1912, zirconia's use

148

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The US has a standard for incandescent non-reflector lamps.ve ,S m L mc ,L ve ,S m Incandescent Lamps and Luminaires SFluorescent lamps Incandescent reflector lamps Incandescent

Wiel, Stephen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Assessing the Efficacy of the Aerobic Methanotrophic Biofilter in Methane Hydrate Environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In October 2008 the University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB) initiated investigations of water column methane oxidation in methane hydrate environments, through a project funded by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) entitled: assessing the efficacy of the aerobic methanotrophic biofilter in methane hydrate environments. This Final Report describes the scientific advances and discoveries made under this award as well as the importance of these discoveries in the broader context of the research area. Benthic microbial mats inhabit the sea floor in areas where reduced chemicals such as sulfide reach the more oxidizing water that overlies the sediment. We set out to investigate the role that methanotrophs play in such mats at locations where methane reaches the sea floor along with sulfide. Mats were sampled from several seep environments and multiple sets were grown in-situ at a hydrocarbon seep in the Santa Barbara Basin. Mats grown in-situ were returned to the laboratory and used to perform stable isotope probing experiments in which they were treated with 13C-enriched methane. The microbial community was analyzed, demonstrating that three or more microbial groups became enriched in methane?s carbon: methanotrophs that presumably utilize methane directly, methylotrophs that presumably consume methanol excreted by the methanotrophs, and sulfide oxidizers that presumably consume carbon dioxide released by the methanotrophs and methylotrophs. Methanotrophs reached high relative abundance in mats grown on methane, but other bacterial processes include sulfide oxidation appeared to dominate mats, indicating that methanotrophy is not a dominant process in sustaining these benthic mats, but rather a secondary function modulated by methane availability. Methane that escapes the sediment in the deep ocean typically dissolved into the overlying water where it is available to methanotrophic bacteria. We set out to better understand the efficacy of this process as a biofilter by studying the distribution of methane oxidation and disposition of methanotrophic populations in the Pacific Ocean. We investigated several environments including the basins offshore California, the continental margin off Central America, and the shallow waters around gas seeps. We succeeded in identifying the distributions of activity in these environments, identified potential physical and chemical controls on methanotrophic activity, we further revealed details about the methanotrophic communities active in these settings, and we developed new approaches to study methanotrophic communities. These findings should improve our capacity to predict the methanotrophic response in ocean waters, and further our ability to generate specific hypotheses as to the ecology and efficacy of pelagic methanotrophic communites. The discharge of methane and other hydrocarbons to Gulf of Mexico that followed the sinking of the Deepwater Horizon provided a unique opportunity to study the methanotorphic biofilter in the deep ocean environment. We set out to understand the consumption of methane and the bloom of methanotrophs resulting from this event, as a window into the regional scale release of gas hydrate under rapid warming scenarios. We found that other hydrocarbon gases, notably propane and ethane, were preferred for consumption over methane, but that methane consumption accelerated rapidly and drove the depletion of methane within a matter of months after initial release. These results revealed the identity of the responsible community, and point to the importance of the seed population in determining the rate at which a methanotrophic community is able to respond to an input of methane. Collectively, these results provide a significant advance in our understanding of the marine methanotrohic biofilter, and further provide direction and context for future investigations of this important phenomenon. This project has resulted in fourteen publications to date, with five more circulating in draft form, and several others planned.

Valentine, David

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

150

Max Tech and Beyond: Maximizing Appliance and Equipment Efficiency by Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LED) replace conventional incandescent lighting Heat pumpreplacing Only the residential sector remains incandescentdominantly incandescent. Although bulbs, primarily in LED

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Laboratory Ventilation SafetyLaboratory Ventilation Safety J. Scott WardJ. Scott Ward  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the incandescent light bulb in 1879.incandescent light bulb in 1879. #12;First Labconco Hood 1936First Labconco

Farritor, Shane

152

An Empirical Comparison between the NEO-FFI and the WPI and the Relationship between Self-Efficacy and Workplace Personality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

satisfaction, with self-esteem and generalized self-efficacy contributing the most. Judge and Bono (2001) point out that Conscientiousness is often thought of as the ?primary dispositional predictor of job performance? (p. 85). They were able to show...

Orozco, Lauren Michel

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

153

Efficacy of Lower-Body Shielding in Computed Tomography Fluoroscopy-Guided Interventions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Computed tomography (CT) fluoroscopy-guided interventions pose relevant radiation exposure to the interventionalist. The goal of this study was to analyze the efficacy of lower-body shielding as a simple structural method for decreasing radiation dose to the interventionalist without limiting access to the patient. Material and Methods: All examinations were performed with a 128-slice dual source CT scanner (12 Multiplication-Sign 1.2-mm collimation; 120 kV; and 20, 40, 60, and 80 mAs) and an Alderson-Rando phantom. Scatter radiation was measured with an ionization chamber and a digital dosimeter at standardized positions and heights with and without a lower-body lead shield (0.5-mm lead equivalent; Kenex, Harlow, UK). Dose decreases were computed for the different points of measurement. Results: On average, lower-body shielding decreased scatter radiation by 38.2% within a 150-cm radius around the shielding. This decrease is most significant close to the gantry opening and at low heights of 50 and 100 cm above the floor with a maximum decrease of scatter radiation of 95.9% close to the scanner's isocentre. With increasing distance to the gantry opening, the effect decreased. There is almost no dose decrease effect at {>=}150 above the floor. Scatter radiation and its decrease were linearly correlated with the tube current-time product (r{sup 2} = 0.99), whereas percent scatter radiation decrease was independent of the tube current-time product. Conclusion: Lower-body shielding is an effective way to decrease radiation exposure to the interventionalist and should routinely be used in CT fluoroscopy-guided interventions.

Mahnken, Andreas H., E-mail: mahnken@rad.rwth-aachen.de [RWTH Aachen, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Sedlmair, Martin [Siemens, Healthcare Sector (Germany); Ritter, Christine [University of Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Institute (Denmark); Banckwitz, Rosemarie; Flohr, Thomas [Siemens, Healthcare Sector (Germany)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

154

Safety and Efficacy of Bevacizumab With Hypofractionated Stereotactic Irradiation for Recurrent Malignant Gliomas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Preclinical studies suggest that inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) improves glioma response to radiotherapy. Bevacizumab, a monoclonal antibody against VEGF, has shown promise in recurrent gliomas, but the safety and efficacy of concurrent bevacizumab with brain irradiation has not been extensively studied. The objectives of this study were to determine the safety and activity of this combination in malignant gliomas. Methods and Materials: After prior treatment with standard radiation therapy patients with recurrent glioblastoma (GBM) and anaplastic gliomas (AG) received bevacizumab (10 mg/kg intravenous) every 2 weeks of 28-day cycles until tumor progression. Patients also received 30 Gy of hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (HFSRT) in five fractions after the first cycle of bevacizumab. Results: Twenty-five patients (20 GBM, 5 AG; median age 56 years; median Karnofsky Performance Status 90) received a median of seven cycles of bevacizumab. One patient did not undergo HFSRT because overlap with prior radiotherapy would exceed the safe dose allowed to the optic chiasm. Three patients discontinued treatment because of Grade 3 central nervous system intratumoral hemorrhage, wound dehiscence, and bowel perforation. Other nonhematologic and hematologic toxicities were transient. No radiation necrosis was seen in these previously irradiated patients. For the GBM cohort, overall response rate was 50%, 6-month progression-free survival was 65%; median overall survival was 12.5 months, and 1-year survival was 54%. Discussion: Bevacizumab with HFSRT is safe and well tolerated. Radiographic responses, duration of disease control, and survival suggest that this regimen is active in recurrent malignant glioma.

Gutin, Philip H. [Brain Tumor Center, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Neurosurgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Neurological Surgery, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York (United States)], E-mail: gutinp@mskcc.org; Iwamoto, Fabio M. [Brain Tumor Center, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Neurology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Beal, Kathryn [Brain Tumor Center, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Mohile, Nimish A. [Department of Neurology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Karimi, Sasan [Brain Tumor Center, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Hou, Bob L. [Brain Tumor Center, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Lymberis, Stella [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Yamada, Yoshiya [Brain Tumor Center, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Chang, Jenghwa [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] (and others)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

The Efficacy of Ultraviolet Radiation for Sterilizing Tools Used for Surgically Implanting Transmitters into Fish  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Telemetry is frequently used to examine the behavior of fish, and the transmitters used are normally surgically implanted into the coelom of fish. Implantation requires the use of surgical tools such as scalpels, forceps, needle holders, and sutures. When several fish are implanted consecutively for large telemetry studies, it is common for surgical tools to be sterilized or, at minimum, disinfected between each use so that pathogens that may be present are not spread among fish. However, autoclaving tools can take a long period of time, and chemical sterilants or disinfectants can be harmful to both humans and fish and have varied effectiveness. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is commonly used to disinfect water in aquaculture facilities. However, this technology has not been widely used to sterilize tools for surgical implantation of transmitters in fish. To determine its efficacy for this application, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers used UV radiation to disinfect surgical tools (i.e., forceps, needle holder, stab scalpel, and suture) that were exposed to one of four aquatic organisms that typically lead to negative health issues for salmonids. These organisms included Aeromonas salmonicida, Flavobacterium psychrophilum, Renibacterium salmoninarum, and Saprolegnia parasitica. Surgical tools were exposed to the bacteria by dipping them into a confluent suspension of three varying concentrations (i.e., low, medium, high). After exposure to the bacterial culture, tools were placed into a mobile Millipore UV sterilization apparatus. The tools were then exposed for three different time periods—2, 5, or 15 min. S. parasitica, a water mold, was tested using an agar plate method and forceps-pinch method. UV light exposures of 5 and 15 min were effective at killing all four organisms. UV light was also effective at killing Geobacillus stearothermophilus, the organism used as a biological indicator to verify effectiveness of steam sterilizers. These techniques appear to provide a quick alternative disinfection technique for some surgical tools that is less harmful to both humans and fish while not producing chemical waste. However, we do not recommend using these methods with tools that have overlapping parts or other structures that cannot be directly exposed to UV light such as needle holders.

Walker, Ricardo W.; Markillie, Lye Meng; Colotelo, Alison HA; Gay, Marybeth E.; Woodley, Christa M.; Brown, Richard S.

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

156

Impending U.S. lighting standards will boost market for halogen-infrared lamps: New product line expanding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many of the incandescent floodlights and spotlights manufactured today will not meet lighting efficiency standards taking effect in the US in 1995. As these models cease production, demand will grow for higher efficiency units to fill this huge market, which now totals about 100 million lamps per year. One prime contender is a new class of halogen lamps that use a spectrally selective coating to reflect heat back onto the filament, reducing the amount of electricity needed to generate light. GE Lighting`s Halogen-IR line is the only series of such lamps currently available to replace the conventional floodlights and spotlights that will be banned by the new standards. Other manufacturers may adopt the technology, however, and the Japanese producer Ushio already sells in the US a line of smaller halogen lamps with a similar heat-reflective coating. In terms of efficacy and lifetime, Halogen-IR lamps out perform standard incandescents and standard halogens, but fall far short of fluorescent, metal halide, and high-pressure sodium sources. These other lighting systems are more appropriate and cost-effective than incandescents for many ambient lighting applications. For accent lighting and other tasks that are best suited to incandescent lighting, however, the Halogen-IR lamp is often a superior choice.

Sardinsky, R.; Shepard, M.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

157

Efficacy of Aqui-S as an Anesthetic for Market-Sized Striped Bass L. CURRY WOODS III,* DANIEL D. THEISEN, AND SHUYANG HE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the temperate striped bass Morone saxatilis. Methods Source of fish and anesthetic.--All of the striped bassEfficacy of Aqui-S as an Anesthetic for Market-Sized Striped Bass L. CURRY WOODS III,* DANIEL D 20742, USA Abstract.--Market-sized 2-year-old striped bass Morone saxatilis (average weight, 645 g) were

Hamza, Iqbal

158

World Record White OLED Performance Exceeds 100 lm/W  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Universal Display Corporation (UDC) has successfully demonstrated a record-breaking white organic light-emitting diode (WOLED) with a power efficacy of 102 lm/W at 1000 cd/m2 using its proprietary, high-efficiency phosphorescent OLED technology. This achievement represents a significant milestone for OLED technology, demonstrating performance that surpasses the power efficacy of incandescent bulbs with less than 15 lm/W and fluorescent lamps at 60-90 lm/W. Funded in part by DOE, UDC's achievement is a major step toward DOE's roadmap goal of a 150 lm/W commercial OLED light source by 2015.

159

One-Shot Percutaneous Ethanol Injection of Liver Tumors Under General Anesthesia: Preliminary Data on Efficacy and Complications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To verify the efficacy of ultrasound (US)-guided injection of large amounts of ethanol into large or multiple liver lesions, in a single session under general anesthesia (one-shot PEI) for percutaneous ablation of hepatic tumors. Methods: Twenty-nine patients (27 with 51 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) nodules on cirrhosis, diameter range 1.0<+>-<+>9.0 cm; two patients with a single metastasis from the gastroenteric tract, 5.0 and 9.0 cm, respectively, in diameter) were treated with one-shot PEI. Results: The total volume of alcohol delivered per patient ranged from 16 to 210 ml. Mean ethanol volume in all patients was 49 ml. Dynamic computed tomography (CT) examination showed complete necrosis in 41 of 50 lesions. Two patients died of hypovolemic shock due to massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding, 3 and 7 days, respectively, after the interventional procedure. All the remaining patients are alive (follow-up 5<+>-<+>14 months) except one who died of liver failure 5 months after. New HCC nodules occurred in six patients within 6 months and one intralesional relapse was recorded. Conclusion: In this preliminary experience, one-shot PEI is as effective in inducing liver tumor necrosis as traditional PEI; its advantages are shorter treatment time and the capability of treating larger and multiple liver lesions.

Giorgio, Antonio; Tarantino, Luciano; Francica, Giampiero; Mariniello, Nicola; Nuzzo, Antonio [Department of Infectious Diseases, Ospedale D. Cotugno, via Quagliariello, 1, Naples (Italy); Del Viscovo, Luca; Rotondo, Antonio [Department of Radiology, II Policlinico Universita Federico II, Via Pansini, 5 Naples (Italy)

1996-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

160

Compact light source performance in recessed type luminaires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photometric comparisons were made with an indoor, recessed, type luminaire using incandescent, high intensity discharge and compact fluorescent lamps. The test results show substantial performance advantages, as expected, for the discharge light sources where the efficacy gains can be in the order for 400% even when including the ballast losses associated with the discharge lamps. The candlepower distribution patterns emerging from these luminaries are also different from those associated with the baseline incandescent lamps, and which are in some ways, even more desirable from a uniformity of illuminance perspective. A section on fluorescent lamp starting is also included which describes a system having excellent starting characteristics in terms of electrode starting temperature (RH/RC technique), proper operating frequency to minimize unwanted IR interactions, and satisfactory current crest factor values to help insure life performance.

Hammer, E.E.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The Development of Career Maturity and Career Decision Self-Efficacy Among High-School Aged Youth Enrolled in the Texas 4-H Healthy Lifestyles Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

predictor of career immaturity. Similarly, numerous research studies have discovered a relationship between career decision-making self-efficacy and career indecision (Betz, Klein & Taylor, 1996; Choi et al., 2011; Taylor & Popma, 1990). Career maturity... suggest a career choice should be made by the end of the eighth grade (Hirschi, 2011), the expectation is typically that a career decision is made by the end of high school (Super, Savickas, & Super, 1996). This career decision making is often viewed...

Dodd, Courtney Felder

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Anthranilimide based glycogen phosphorylase inhibitors for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Part 3: X-ray crystallographic characterization, core and urea optimization and in vivo efficacy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Key binding interactions of the anthranilimide based glycogen phosphorylase a (GPa) inhibitor 2 from X-ray crystallography studies are described. This series of compounds bind to the AMP site of GP. Using the binding information the core and the phenyl urea moieties were optimized. This work culminated in the identification of compounds with single nanomolar potency as well as in vivo efficacy in a diabetic model.

Thomson, Stephen A.; Banker, Pierette; Bickett, D. Mark; Boucheron, Joyce A.; Carter, H. Luke; Clancy, Daphne C.; Cooper, Joel P.; Dickerson, Scott H.; Garrido, Dulce M.; Nolte, Robert T.; Peat, Andrew J.; Sheckler, Lauren R.; Sparks, Steven M.; Tavares, Francis X.; Wang, Liping; Wang, Tony Y.; Weiel, James E.; (GSKNC)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

type of lighting bulb (incandescent, fluorescent), number ofof incandescent bulbs and fluorescent tubes per household,incandescent bulbs of 60W and 2.1 fluorescent tubes of 40W

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Conservation Potential of Compact Fluorescent Lamps in India and Brazil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

38 TWh, 10% of which was for incandescent lighting (Fig. 3).The electricity consumed in incandescent lighting can be300 and 400 million incandescent lamps in the country. Let

Gadgil, A.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

The Boom of Electricity Demand in the Residential Sector in the Developing World and the Potential for Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for fluorescent and incandescent lamps. Estimates of thein Table 3. Table 3 – Incandescent, Fluorescent and CFL lampthe surveys is 60W for incandescent bulb, 15W for CFLs and

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Calendar Year 2008 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reports power savings from incandescent/CFL lamp replacementreplacement of a 65 W incandescent lamp with a 16 W compactthe equivalent of 109 W incandescent lamp, the average of

Homan, GregoryK

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Demand for Environmentally-Friendly Durables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the replacement of short-lived incandescent bulbs with long-the replacement of short-lived incandescent bulbs with long-15 watt CFL for 60 watt incandescent bulb), durable (minimum

Martin, Leslie Aimee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Bottom-Up Energy Analysis System - Methodology and Results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Documents U.S. Rulemaking Documents TSL 4 PHP IncandescentLamps Incandescent Lamps Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts kWh/yrand T5 fluorescent tubes, incandescent lamps, CFLs, Halogen

McNeil, Michael A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

type of lighting bulb (incandescent, fluorescent), number ofhouseholds possessed 3.2 incandescent bulbs of 60W and 2.1areas versus only 2.1 incandescent bulbs of 60W and 1.5

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for U.S. EPA Energy Star Labeled Products: Expanded Methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technology categories: incandescent, CFL, non-Energy Star45% of exit signs were incandescent, 40% were CFLs, 7.5%share weighted average of incandescent, CFL, and non-Energy

Sanchez, Marla

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHTING PRODUCTS NOTICE (2011-04-25) i ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHTING PRODUCTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements ______ 22/E12* IES LM-45:1991 Incandescent Lamps - Electrical Measurements ______ 22/E13* IES LM-45:2000 Incandescent Lamps - Electrical Measurements ______ 22/E13a* IES LM-45:2009 Incandescent

172

Power Capture (PowCap) Board for Non Intrusive Load Monitoring and Power Line Communication Exploration and Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

including a) LED lamp, b) incandescent lamp, c) Macbook Pro,W) a LED Lamp 15W b Incandescent Lamp 25W c Macbook 200W dLED lamp (LED) from the incandescent lamp (Lamp) and the Fan

Balakrishnan, Vikram

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHTING PRODUCTS TEST METHOD SELECTION LIST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

:1991 Incandescent Lamps - Electrical Measurements ______ 22/E13* IES LM-45:2000 Incandescent Lamps - Electrical Measurements ______ 22/E13a* IES LM-45:2009 Incandescent Lamps - Electrical Measurements ______ 22/E14 IES LM

174

STATE OF CALIFORNIA CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE AND FIELD INSPECTION CHECKLIST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Watts: 1. Type of luminaire (i.e.: post top, wall pack, surface, shoe box); for non-incandescent luminaires, indicate nominal lamp wattage and lamp type ( i.e.: fluorescent, incandescent, HID); ballast type. For incandescent luminaires, the lum

175

Efficacy of an integrated continuing medical education (CME) and quality improvement (QI) program on radiation oncologist (RO) clinical practice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: There has been little radiation oncologist (RO)-specific research in continuing medical education (CME) or quality improvement (QI) program efficacy. Our aim was to evaluate a CME/QI program for changes in RO behavior, performance, and adherence to department protocols/studies over the first 12 months of the program. Methods and Materials: The CME/QI program combined chart audit with feedback (C-AWF), simulation review AWF (SR-AWF), reminder checklists, and targeted CME tutorials. Between April 2003 and March 2004, management of 75 patients was evaluated by chart audit with feedback (C-AWF) and 178 patients via simulation review audit (SR-AWF) using a validated instrument. Scores were presented, and case management was discussed with individualized educational feedback. RO behavior and performance was compared over the first year of the program. Results: Comparing the first and second 6 months, there was a significant improvement in mean behavior (12.7-13.6 of 14, p = 0.0005) and RO performance (7.6-7.9 of 8, p = 0.018) scores. Protocol/study adherence significantly improved from 90.3% to 96.6% (p = 0.005). A total of 50 actions were generated, including the identification of learning needs to direct CME tutorials, the systematic change of suboptimal RO practice, and the alteration of deficient management of 3% of patients audited during the program. Conclusion: An integrated CME/QI program combining C-AWF, SR-AWF, QI reminders, and targeted CME tutorials effectively improved targeted RO behavior and performance over a 12-month period. There was a corresponding increase in departmental protocol and study adherence.

Leong, Cheng Nang [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore) and Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore)]. E-mail: Cheng_Nang_Leong@mail.nhg.com.sg; Shakespeare, Thomas Philip [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); North Coast Cancer Institute, Coffs Harbour (Australia); Mukherjee, Rahul K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore); Back, Michael F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore); Lee, Khai Mun [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore); Lu, Jiade Jay [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore); Wynne, Christopher J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Lim, Keith [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Tang, Johann [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore); Zhang Xiaojian [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Hospital, Fudan Hospital, Shanghai (China)

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

,,,"Incandescent","Standard Fluorescent","Compact Fluorescent","High-Intensity Discharge","Halogen"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQProved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tabUpcoming8. Energy38.

177

,,,"Incandescent","Standard Fluorescent","Compact Fluorescent","High-Intensity Discharge","Halogen"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQProved Reserves, Reserves Changes, and Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tabUpcoming8.

178

EnergySmart Schools Tips: Retrofitting, Operating, and Maintaining...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

less than three years. * Replace conventional incandescent exit signs with LED (light-emitting diode) exit signs. LEDs use at least 75 percent less energy than incandescent bulbs....

179

Conservation Potential of Compact Fluorescent Lamps in India and Brazil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

also additional benefits from avoided costs of environmentalpremium for India)) - (avoided annual cost of incandescents)electricity) + (avoided annual cost of incandescents) - (

Gadgil, A.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appliance type Standard technology DC-internal best technology Lighting Incandescent, fluorescent, LED Incandescent Electronic Heating Heater Electric resistance Cooling Motor (& compressor,

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Zinc Oxide and Nitride Nanowire Based Light Emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of incandescent light bulb, fluorescent lamp, and blue lightof incandescent light bulb, fluorescent lamp, and blue lightincandescent bulb and is on the same order as fluorescent

Lai, Elaine Michelle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

A Journey from UCSB physics to Audrey Nelson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Target Gas Patented Waveguide Incandescent Infrared Source Microprocessor Diffusion Membranes Dual Beam integrated electronics Incandescent IR source and multi-channel thermopile detector Current gases applicable

Akhmedov, Azer

183

1. Mean Trick in the Shower It is known that in conditions of collective water supply the temperature of the water flowing on the man in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

outside affect the situation. 4. , , , . 4. Incandescent Data Transfer Achieve a maximum data transfer rate using an incandescent bulb as a transmitter to modulate the optical signal

Kaplan, Alexander

184

THELUMINAPROJECT http://light.lbl.gov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

source of portable lighting in Kenya, outpacing incandescent flashlights (Johnstone et al., 2009). LED technology has the potential to provide efficiency and performance benefits relative to incandescent bulbs

Jacobson, Arne

185

E-Print Network 3.0 - ave lamp margareete Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 1.1 A-lamps... Problems Are you using incandescent A-lamps? Incandescent lamps are one of the most inefficient lighting... sources...

186

Replacement Costs and Cleaning & Service Charges for ResidenceHalls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incandescent Light Fixture $130.00 each Incandescent Light Fixture Globe $82.00 each Exit Sign $440.00 each

Shyy, Wei

187

Environmental and health aspects of lighting: Mercury  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most discharge lamps, including fluorescent lamps, metal halide lamps, and high pressure sodium lamps, contain Mercury, a toxic chemical. Lighting professionals need to be able to respond to questions about the direct hazards of Mercury from accidentally breaking lamps, and the potential environmental hazards of lamp operation and disposal. We calculated the exposures that could occur from an accidental breakage of lamps. Acute poisoning appears almost impossible. Under some circumstances a sealed environment, such as a space station, could be contaminated enough to make it unhealthy for long-term occupation. Mercury becomes a potential environmental hazard after it becomes methylated. Mercury is methylated in aquatic environments, where it may accumulate in fish, eventually rendering them toxic to people and other animals. Lighting causes Mercury to enter the environment directly from lamp disposal, and indirectly from power plant emissions. The environmental tradeoffs between incandescent and discharge lamps depend upon the amounts released by these two sources, their local concentrations, and their probabilities of being methylated. Indirect environmental effects of lighting also include the release of other heavy metals (Cadmium, Lead and Arsenic), and other air pollutants and carbon dioxide that are emitted by fossil fuel power plants. For a given light output, the level of power plant emissions depends upon the efficacy of the light source, and is thus much larger for incandescent lamps than for fluorescent or discharge lamps. As disposal and control technologies change the relative direct and indirect emissions from discharge and incandescent lamps will change.

Clear, R.; Berman, S.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

RTOG 0417: Efficacy of Bevacizumab in Combination With Definitive Radiation Therapy and Cisplatin Chemotherapy in Untreated Patients With Locally Advanced Cervical Carcinoma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 0417 was a phase II study that explored the safety and efficacy of the addition of bevacizumab to chemoradiation therapy. The safety results have been previously reported. Herein we report the secondary efficacy endpoints of overall survival (OS), locoregional failure (LRF), para-aortic nodal failure (PAF), distant failure (DF), and disease-free survival (DFS). Methods and Materials: Eligible patients with bulky Stage IB-IIIB disease were treated with once-weekly cisplatin (40 mg/m{sup 2}) chemotherapy and standard pelvic radiation therapy and brachytherapy. Bevacizumab was administered at 10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks for 3 cycles during chemoradiation. For OS, failure was defined as death of any cause and was measured from study entry to date of death. LRF was defined as any failure in the pelvis. PAF was defined as any para-aortic nodal failure. DF was analyzed both including and excluding PAF. DFS was measured from study entry to date of first LRF. DF was measured with or without PAF or death. OS and DFS were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and LRF and DF rates were estimated by the cumulative incidence method. Results: 49 eligible patients from 28 institutions were enrolled between 2006 and 2009. The median follow-up time was 3.8 years (range, 0.8-6.0 years). The surviving patients had a median follow-up time of 3.9 years (range, 2.1-6.0 years). Most patients had tumors of International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Stage IIB (63%), and 80% were squamous. The 3-year OS, DFS, and LRF were 81.3% (95% confidence interval [CI], 67.2%-89.8%), 68.7% (95% CI, 53.5%-79.8%), and 23.2% (95% CI, 11%-35.4%), respectively. The PAF, DF without PAF, and DF with PAF at 3 years were 8.4% (95% CI, 0.4%-16.3%), 14.7% (95% CI, 4.5%-24.9%), and 23.1% (95% CI 11.0%-35.2%), respectively. Conclusion: In this study, bevacizumab in combination with standard pelvic chemoradiation therapy for locally advanced cervical cancer showed efficacy results that are promising and may warrant further investigation.

Schefter, Tracey, E-mail: tracey.schefter@ucdenver.edu [University of Colorado, Denver, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Winter, Kathryn [RTOG Statistical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Kwon, Janice S. [University of British Columbia and BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada); Stuhr, Kelly [University of Colorado, Denver, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Balaraj, Khalid [King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Yaremko, Brian Patrick [Western University, London Regional Cancer Program, London, Ontario (Canada); Small, William [Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Sause, William [Intermountain Medical Center, Murray, Utah (United States); Gaffney, David [University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, Utah (United States)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Sleep, mood, and circadian responses to bright green light during sleep  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

white light from fluorescent bulbs, as point sources mightthan incandescent bulbs. Also, fluorescent light is easier

Grandner, Michael Andrew

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Electrical and Optical Enhancement in Internally Nanopatterned Organic Light-Emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

incandescent bulbs and fluorescent bulbs). Solid-stateindex (CRI) than fluorescent bulbs. Common examples where

Fina, Michael Dane

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

PROJECTS IMPLEMENTED The City focused on improving the efficiency of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Replacing incandescent exit signs with new light emitting diode signs · Replacing the existing chiller

192

EA-1664: Final Environmental Assessment  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps

193

RARE EARTHS By James B. Hedrick  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and incandescent lighting remained stable. Yttrium was used primarily in lamp and cathode ray tube phosphors

194

Advances in Lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

colour rendition. The quartz-halogen incandescent lam s operate at higher temperatures, and have a somewhat higher efficacy, but they are rarely used except for special applicati ns. 3-2 High Intensity Discharge Lamps. Mercury is the grandfather... of the H.I.D. lamps. Its blue-green light, has been used almost exclusively for streetlighti and, often with colour-improving phospho it is still being used in industrial and commercial applications. Reactor-type ballasted mercury lamps can now...

Tumber, A. J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

The efficacy of oxidative coupling for promoting in-situ immobilization of hydroxylated aromatics in contaminated soil and sediment systems. Progress report, September 15, 1996--September 14, 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

'The principal objective for Year 1 of this study has included sorbent collection, preparation and characterization, as well as investigation of the efficacy of abiotic/enzymatic coupling reactions on the irreversible binding of phenolic compounds on natural soils and sediments. In response to a budget reduction request specific modifications were made without compromising the integrity of the proposed work. The modified Phase 1 experimental matrix consists of four natural sorbents and three phenolic sorbates. Preliminary experiments with Chelsea soil indicated excessive release of soil organic matter (SOM) into solution, thereby complicating determination of aqueous phase phenol concentrations. It was therefore decided to substitute Lachine shale for the Chelsea soil. This shale is a well-characterized natural sorbent used previously in the laboratory. Additionally two field soils having similar soil morphology were identified based on their particle size distribution and organic matter content. These soils were located from US Department of Agriculture soil survey data and collected aseptically from a forested and a grassland site. Another deviation from the proposed schedule of tasks was the initiation of work from Phase 2 and Phase 3. In addition to experiments with natural systems, preliminary work with model and engineered systems was initiated earlier than scheduled in order to integrate and relate all three aspects of the study and provide a more robust perspective of field applications of this remediation technology.'

Weber, W.J. Jr.; Bhandari, A.

1997-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

196

Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project; Strobe Light Deterrent Efficacy Test and Fish Behavior Determination at the Grand Coulee Dam Third Powerplant Forebay, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1995, the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (Colville Confederated Tribes) have managed the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project as part of the Northwest Power Planning Council (NWPPC) Fish and Wildlife Program. Project objectives have focused on understanding natural production of kokanee (a land-locked sockeye salmon) and other fish stocks in the area above Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph Dams on the Columbia River. A 42-month investigation concluded that entrainment at Grand Coulee Dam ranged from 211,685 to 576,676 fish annually. Further analysis revealed that 85% of the total entrainment occurred at the dam's third powerplant. These numbers represent a significant loss to the tribal fisheries upstream of the dam. In response to a suggestion by the NWPPC Independent Scientific Review Panel, the scope of work for the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project was expanded to include a multiyear pilot test of a strobe light system to help mitigate fish entrainment. This report details the work conducted during the second year of the study by researchers of the Colville Confederated Tribes in collaboration with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The 2002 study period extended from May 18 through July 30. The objective of the study was to determine the efficacy of a prototype strobe light system to elicit a negative phototactic response in kokanee and rainbow trout. The prototype system consisted of six strobe lights affixed to an aluminum frame suspended vertically underwater from a barge secured in the center of the entrance to the third powerplant forebay. The lights, controlled by a computer, were aimed to illuminate a specific region directly upstream of the barge. Three light level treatments were used: 6 of 6 lights on, 3 of 6 lights on, and all lights off. These three treatment conditions were applied for an entire 24-hr day and were randomly assigned within a 3-day block throughout the study period. A seven-transducer splitbeam hydroacoustic system was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the strobe lights in eliciting a negative phototactic response in fish. The transducers were deployed so they tracked fish entering and within the region illuminated by the strobe lights. Two of the seven transducers were mounted to the frame containing the strobe lights and were oriented horizontally. The remaining five transducers were spaced approximately 4 m apart on individual floating frames upstream of the barge, with the transducers looking vertically downward.

Johnson, R.; McKinstry, C.; Simmons, C. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Discovery of N-(4-(2-Amino-3-chloropyridin-4-yloxy)-3-fluorophenyl)-4-ethoxy-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridine-3-carboxamide (BMS-777607), a Selective and Orally Efficacious Inhibitor of the Met Kinase Superfamily  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Substituted N-(4-(2-aminopyridin-4-yloxy)-3-fluoro-phenyl)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridine-3-carboxamides were identified as potent and selective Met kinase inhibitors. Substitution of the pyridine 3-position gave improved enzyme potency, while substitution of the pyridone 4-position led to improved aqueous solubility and kinase selectivity. Analogue 10 demonstrated complete tumor stasis in a Met-dependent GTL-16 human gastric carcinoma xenograft model following oral administration. Because of its excellent in vivo efficacy and favorable pharmacokinetic and preclinical safety profiles, 10 has been advanced into phase I clinical trials.

Schroeder, Gretchen M.; An, Yongmi; Cai, Zhen-Wei; Chen, Xiao-Tao; Clark, Cheryl; Cornelius, Lyndon A.M.; Dai, Jun; Gullo-Brown, Johnni; Gupta, Ashok; Henley, Benjamin; Hunt, John T.; Jeyaseelan, Robert; Kamath, Amrita; Kim, Kyoung; Lippy, Jonathan; Lombardo, Louis J.; Manne, Veeraswamy; Oppenheimer, Simone; Sack, John S.; Schmidt, Robert J.; Shen, Guoxiang; Stefanski, Kevin; Tokarski, John S.; Trainor, George L.; Wautlet, Barri S.; Wei, Donna; Williams, David K.; Zhang, Yingru; Zhang, Yueping; Fargnoli, Joseph; Borzilleri, Robert M.; (BMS)

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Safety profile, efficacy, and biodistribution of a bicistronic high-capacity adenovirus vector encoding a combined immunostimulation and cytotoxic gene therapy as a prelude to a phase I clinical trial for glioblastoma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Adenoviral vectors (Ads) are promising gene delivery vehicles due to their high transduction efficiency; however, their clinical usefulness has been hampered by their immunogenicity and the presence of anti-Ad immunity in humans. We reported the efficacy of a gene therapy approach for glioma consisting of intratumoral injection of Ads encoding conditionally cytotoxic herpes simplex type 1 thymidine kinase (Ad-TK) and the immunostimulatory cytokine fms-like tyrosine kinase ligand 3 (Ad-Flt3L). Herein, we report the biodistribution, efficacy, and neurological and systemic effects of a bicistronic high-capacity Ad, i.e., HC-Ad-TK/TetOn-Flt3L. HC-Ads elicit sustained transgene expression, even in the presence of anti-Ad immunity, and can encode large therapeutic cassettes, including regulatory elements to enable turning gene expression “on” or “off” according to clinical need. The inclusion of two therapeutic transgenes within a single vector enables a reduction of the total vector load without adversely impacting efficacy. Because clinically the vectors will be delivered into the surgical cavity, normal regions of the brain parenchyma are likely to be transduced. Thus, we assessed any potential toxicities elicited by escalating doses of HC-Ad-TK/TetOn-Flt3L (1 × 10{sup 8}, 1 × 10{sup 9}, or 1 × 10{sup 10} viral particles [vp]) delivered into the rat brain parenchyma. We assessed neuropathology, biodistribution, transgene expression, systemic toxicity, and behavioral impact at acute and chronic time points. The results indicate that doses up to 1 × 10{sup 9} vp of HC-Ad-TK/TetOn-Flt3L can be safely delivered into the normal rat brain and underpin further developments for its implementation in a phase I clinical trial for glioma. - Highlights: ? High capacity Ad vectors elicit sustained therapeutic gene expression in the brain. ? HC-Ad-TK/TetOn-Flt3L encodes two therapeutic genes and a transcriptional switch. ? We performed a dose escalation study at acute and chronic time points. ? Doses up to 1 × 10{sup 9} vp of HC-Ad-TK/TetOn-Flt3L can be safely delivered in the brain. ? Efficacy and safety of HC-Ad-TK/TetOn-Flt3L merits its use in a GBM Phase I trial.

Puntel, Mariana [Department of Neurosurgery, The University of Michigan School of Medicine, MSRB II, RM 4570C, 1150 West Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5689 (United States); Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, The University of Michigan School of Medicine, MSRB II, RM 4570C, 1150 West Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5689 (United States); Gene Therapeutics Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Ghulam, Muhammad A.K.M. [Gene Therapeutics Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Farrokhi, Catherine [Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); VanderVeen, Nathan; Paran, Christopher; Appelhans, Ashley [Department of Neurosurgery, The University of Michigan School of Medicine, MSRB II, RM 4570C, 1150 West Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5689 (United States); Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, The University of Michigan School of Medicine, MSRB II, RM 4570C, 1150 West Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5689 (United States); Kroeger, Kurt M.; Salem, Alireza [Gene Therapeutics Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Lacayo, Liliana [Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Pechnick, Robert N. [Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Kelson, Kyle R.; Kaur, Sukhpreet; Kennedy, Sean [Gene Therapeutics Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Palmer, Donna; Ng, Philip [Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); and others

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project : Strobe Light Deterrent Efficacy Test and Fish Behavior Determination at Grond Coulee Dam Third Powerplant Forebay.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1995, the Colville Confederated Tribes have managed the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project as part of the Northwest Power Planning Council's (NWPPC) Fish and Wildlife Program. Project objectives have focused on understanding natural production of kokanee (a land-locked sockeye salmon) and other fish stocks in the area above Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph Dams on the Columbia River. A 42-month investigation concluded that entrainment at Grand Coulee Dam ranged from 211,685 to 576,676 fish annually. Further analysis revealed that 85% of the total entrainment occurred at the dam's third powerplant. These numbers represent a significant loss to the tribal fisheries upstream of the dam. In response to a suggestion by the NWPPC's Independent Scientific Review Panel, the scope of work for the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project was expanded to include a multiyear pilot test of a strobe light system to help mitigate fish entrainment. This report details the work conducted during the first year of the study by researchers of the Colville Confederated Tribes in collaboration with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The objective of the study was to determine the efficacy of a prototype strobe light system to elicit a negative phototactic response in kokanee and rainbow trout. Analysis of the effect of strobe lights on the distribution (numbers) and behavior of kokanee and rainbow trout was based on 51, 683 fish targets detected during the study period (June 30 through August 1, 2001). Study findings include the following: (1) Analysis of the count data indicated that significantly more fish were present when the lights were on compared to off. This was true for both the 24-hr tests as well as the 1-hr tests. Powerplant discharge, distance from lights, and date were significant factors in the analysis. (2) Behavioral results indicated that fish within 14 m of the lights were trying to avoid the lights by swimming across the lighted region or upstream. Fish were also swimming faster and straighter when the lights were on compared to off. (3) The behavioral results were most pronounced for medium- and large-sized fish at night. Medium-sized fish, based on acoustic target strength, were similar to the size of kokanee and rainbow trout released upstream of Grand Coulee Dam. Based on this study and general review of strobe lights, the researchers recommend several modifications and enhancements to the follow-on study in 2002. The recommendations include: (1) modifying the study design to include only the 24-hr on/off treatments, and controlling the discharge at the third powerplant, so it can be included as a design variable; and (2) providing additional data by beginning the study earlier (mid-May) to better capture the kokanee population, deploying an additional splitbeam transducer to sample the region close to the lights, and increasing the number of lights to provide better definition of the lit and unlit region.

Simmons, M.A.; McKinstry, C.A.; Simmons, C.S.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

"Research to Improve the Efficacy of Captive Broodstock Programs and Advance Hatchery Reform Throughout the Columbia River Basin." [from the Abstract], 2007-2008 Annual Progress Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project was developed to conduct research to improve the efficacy of captive broodstock programs and advance hatchery reform throughout the Columbia river basin. The project has three objectives: (1) maintain adaptive life history characteristics in Chinook salmon, (2) improve imprinting in juvenile sockeye salmon, and (3) match wild phenotypes in Chinook and sockeye salmon reared in hatcheries. A summary of the results are as follows: Objective 1: Adult and jack Chinook salmon males were stocked into four replicate spawning channels at a constant density (N = 16 per breeding group), but different ratios, and were left to spawn naturally with a fixed number of females (N = 6 per breeding group). Adult males obtained primary access to females and were first to enter the nest at the time of spawning. Jack male spawning occurred primarily by establishing satellite positions downstream of the courting pair, and 'sneaking' into the nest at the time of spawning. Male dominance hierarchies were fairly stable and strongly correlated with the order of nest entry at the time of spawning. Spawning participation by jack and adult males is consistent with a negative frequency dependent selection model, which means that selection during spawning favors the rarer life history form. Results of DNA parentage assignments will be analyzed to estimate adult-to-fry fitness of each male. Objective 2: To determine the critical period(s) for imprinting for sockeye salmon, juvenile salmon were exposed to known odorants at key developmental stages. Molecular assessments of imprinting-induced changes in odorant receptor gene expression indicated that regulation of odorant expression is influenced by developmental status and odor exposure history. The results suggest that sockeye salmon are capable of imprinting to homing cues during the developmental periods that correspond to several of current release strategies employed as part of the Captive Broodstock program (specifically, planting eyed eggs, fall and smolt releases into the lake) appear to be appropriate for successful homing of sockeye in Redfish Lake. Also, our findings indicated that sockeye salmon were capable of olfactory imprinting at multiple life stages and over varying exposure durations. Fish exposed to odors just prior to smolting showed the strongest attraction to the imprinting odor arginine and this period corresponds to the period of highest plasma thyroxine levels and increased BAAR receptor mRNA in juveniles. Objective 3: Spring Chinook salmon were exposed to three different photoperiods and three feed rations at the button-up stage of development. Both photoperiod at emergence and ration post-ponding affected the number of males maturing at age one. Nearly 70% of the males in the early emergence and satiation fed group matured after the first year of rearing, while none of the fish reared on late emergence photoperiod (equivalent to emergence on May 1) matured during this time irrespective of ration treatment. Within the early emergence groups, reducing growth using ration (low or high) appeared to reduce the number of males maturing at age one from 70% to 40-50%. Maturation rates of fish that emerged in a photoperiod equivalent to mid-February (middle emergence) ranged from 10-25%. Together these data indicate that the seasonal timing of fry emergence and growth after ponding can alter life history patterns in spring Chinook salmon. The results imply that hatchery rearing practices that alter seasonal timing of fry emergence can have drastic effects on life history patterns in juvenile Chinook salmon. All three objectives are on-going and will result in recommendations (at the end of the FY 2009 performance period) to advance hatchery reforms in conventional and captive broodstock programs.

Berejikian, Barry A. [National Marine Fisheries Service

2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

"Research to Improve the Efficacy of Captive Broodstock Programs and Advance Hatchery Reform Throughout the Columbia River Basin." [from the Abstract], 2008-2009 Progress Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project was developed to conduct research to improve the efficacy of captive broodstock programs and advance hatchery reform throughout the Columbia River Basin. The project has three objectives: (1) maintain adaptive life history characteristics in Chinook salmon, (2) improve imprinting in juvenile sockeye salmon, and (3) match wild phenotypes in Chinook and sockeye salmon reared in hatcheries. A summary of the results are as follows: Objective 1: The ratio of jack to adult male Chinook salmon were varied in experimental breeding populations to test the hypothesis that reproductive success of the two male phenotypes would vary with their relative frequency in the population. Adult Chinook salmon males nearly always obtained primary access to nesting females and were first to enter the nest at the time of spawning. Jack male spawning occurred primarily by establishing satellite positions downstream of the courting pair, and 'sneaking' into the nest at the time of spawning. Male dominance hierarchies were fairly stable and strongly correlated with the order of nest entry at the time of spawning. Observed participation in spawning events and adult-to-fry reproductive success of jack and adult males was consistent with a negative frequency-dependent selection model. Overall, jack males sired an average of 21% of the offspring produced across a range of jack male frequencies. Implications of these and additional findings on Chinook salmon hatchery broodstock management will be presented in the FY 2009 Annual Report. Objective 2: To determine the critical period(s) for imprinting for sockeye salmon, juvenile salmon were exposed to known odorants at key developmental stages. Molecular assessments of imprinting-induced changes in odorant receptor gene expression indicated that regulation of odorant expression is influenced by developmental status and odor exposure history. Expression levels of basic amino acid receptor (BAAR) mRNA in the olfactory epithelium increased dramatically during final maturation in both Stanley Basin and Okanogan River sockeye. These increases appeared to be independent of odor exposure history, rising significantly in both arginine-naive and arginine-exposed fish. However, sockeye exposed to arginine during smolting demonstrated a larger increase in BAAR mRNA than arginine-naive fish. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that odorant receptors sensitive to home stream waters may be upregulated at the time of the homing migration and may afford opportunities to exploit this system to experimentally characterize imprinting success and ultimately identify hatchery practices that will minimize straying of artificially produced salmonids. Additional analysis of Sockeye salmon imprinting and further implications of these findings will be presented in the FY 2009 Annual Report. Objective 3: Photoperiod at emergence and ration after ponding were varied in Yakima River spring Chinook salmon to test the hypothesis that seasonal timing of emergence and growth during early stages of development alter seasonal timing of smoltification and age of male maturation. Fish reared under conditions to advance fry emergence and accelerate growth had the greatest variation in seasonal timing of smolting (fall, spring and summer) and highest rates of early male maturation with most males maturing at age 1 (35-40%). In contrast, fish with delayed emergence and slow growth had the least variation in phenotypes with most fish smolting as yearlings in the spring and no age-1 male maturation. Growth (not emergence timing) altered rates of age-2 male maturation. Results of this study demonstrate that altering fry development, as is often done in hatcheries, can profoundly affect later life history transitions and the range of phenotypes within a spring Chinook salmon population. Additional work in the next funding period will determine if these rearing regimes affected other aspects of smolt quality, which may affect ultimate survival upon ocean entry.

Berejikian, Barry A. [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service

2009-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

202

Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project; Strobe Light Deterrent Efficacy Test and Fish Behavior Determination at the Grand Coulee Dam Third Powerplant Forebay, 2003-2004 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1995, the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (Colville Confederated Tribes) have managed the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project as part of the Northwest Power Planning Council (NWPPC) Fish and Wildlife Program. Project objectives have focused on understanding natural production of kokanee (a land-locked sockeye salmon) and other fish stocks in the area above Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph Dams on the Columbia River. A 42-month investigation from 1996 to 1999 determined that from 211,685 to 576,676 fish were entrained annually at Grand Coulee Dam. Analysis of the entrainment data found that 85% of the total entrainment occurred at the dam's third powerplant. These numbers represent a significant loss to the tribal fisheries upstream of the dam. In response to a suggestion by the NWPPC Independent Scientific Review Panel, the scope of work for the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project was expanded to include a multiyear pilot test of a strobe light system to help mitigate fish entrainment. This report details the work conducted during the third year of the strobe light study by researchers of the Colville Confederated Tribes in collaboration with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The objective of the study is to determine the efficacy of a prototype strobe light system to elicit a negative phototactic response in kokanee and rainbow trout under field conditions. The prototype system consists of six strobe lights affixed to an aluminum frame suspended 15 m vertically underwater from a barge secured in the center of the entrance to the third powerplant forebay. The lights, controlled by a computer, illuminate a region directly upstream of the barge. The 2003 study period extended from June 16 through August 1. Three light treatments were used: all six lights on for 24 hours, all lights off for 24 hours, and three of six lights cycled on and off every hour for 24 hours. These three treatment conditions were assigned randomly within a 3-day block throughout the study period. Hydroacoustic technology was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the strobe lights in eliciting a negative phototactic response in fish. The hydroacoustic system in 2003 comprised seven splitbeam transducers arrayed in front of the strobe lights, two multibeam transducers behind the lights, and a mobile splitbeam system. The seven splitbeam transducers were deployed so they tracked fish entering and within the region illuminated by the strobe lights. These transducers were spaced approximately 4 m apart on an aluminum frame floating upstream of the barge and looked vertically downward. The multibeam transducers monitored the distribution of fish directly behind and to both sides of the lights, while the mobile splitbeam system looked at the distribution of fish within the third powerplant forebay. To augment the hydroacoustic data, additional studies were conducted. The hydrodynamic characteristics of the third powerplant forebay were measured, and acoustically tagged juvenile kokanee were released upstream of the strobe lights and tracked within the forebay and downstream of the dam. Analysis of the effect of strobe lights on kokanee and rainbow trout focused on the number of fish detected in each of the areas covered by one of the downlooking transducers, the timing of fish arrivals after the status of the strobe lights changed, fish swimming effort (detected velocity minus flow velocity), and fish swimming direction. Water velocity measurements were used to determine fish swimming effort. The tracking of tagged kokanee provided data on fish movements into and out of the third powerplant forebay, including entrainment.

Simmons, M.; McKinstry, C.; Cook, C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

th Plan estimated that the conversion of standard incandescent bulbs used in the residential sector standard does not cover all incandescent lamps (e.g., lamps over 100 watts, 3- way lamps are exempt

204

Lesson Summary In this lesson, students will build an open spectrograph to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lines/mm or 25,400 groves/in) · Incandescent flashlight with focusing beam · Ruler · Meter stick · Exact students look through a diffraction grating toward an incandescent light bu

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

205

502 SHORT COMMUNICATIONS (Speotyto cuniculuria) to a moving object when the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the window. A red, 7-watt incandescent bulb inside the box provided illumina- tion for viewing the owl conditions were provided by one and four `I-watt incandescent bulbs, respectively. The single bulb

Minnesota, University of

206

March 10, 2011 Let There Be More Efficient Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

standards for light bulbs, which include a phasing out of incandescent bulbs in favor of more energy lyrically with two colleagues about "the incandescent bulb that has been turning back the night ever since

Colorado at Boulder, University of

207

September 2007 21 commonplace," predicted Shinichiro  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

enough and their lifetime is longer than those of conventional incandescent lamps and fluorescent lights." Also, he noted, LEDs' power efficiency is greater than that of incandescent lamps and about same

Lu, Chenyang

208

Self-metallization of photocatalytic porphyrin nanotubes Zhongchun Wang,,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, placed in a glass water bath to control the temperature, and then irradiated with incandescent light (800 bath to control the temperature, and then irradiated with incandescent light (800 nmol cm-2 s-1 ). When

Shelnutt, John A.

209

Development of an Open-Source Smart Energy House for K-12 Education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

around the world, incandescent lighting are becoming banned, because of the low efficiency. For example, through European commission regulation 244/2009 [4], re- cently all sales of incandescent light became

210

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plan estimated that the conversion of standard incandescent bulbs used in the residential sector not cover all incandescent lamps (e.g., lamps over 100 watts, 3-way lamps are exempt), it does cover 70

211

ELIZABETH H. AMARAL and H. ARNOLD CARR Experimental Fishing for Squid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

south- ern California became dependent upon lamps, principally the incandescent type, combined under I,OOO-watt incandescent lights!. However, the squid never Introduction July-A ugusl 1980 51 #12

212

New Years Revolutions | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CFLs, energy-saving incandescents, and LEDs - and upgrading 15 of the inefficient incandescent light bulbs in your home could save you about 50 per year. And if you haven't...

213

Imaging Overview For understanding work in computational  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

absorbs some light 5 #12;6 #12;Other typical light sources · Incandescent light source ­ Produced absorb UV light and produce visible light. 7 #12;Incandescent sources Power spectrum of common light

California at Santa Barbara, University of

214

Fermilab | Science | Inquiring Minds | Questions About Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

high temperature, so high that the material will emit light, that is, glow like an incandescent light bulb. That is exactly what an incandescent bulb is: current passing through a...

215

Resource Use Efficiency Dr. Ernst von Weizscker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LEED building #12;Energy efficiency From incandescent light bulbs to solid state lighting #12;Modern make it happen? CAFE standards Building codes Banning incandescent light bulbs Banning water wasting

Keller, Arturo A.

216

Funding Sustainable Initiatives: Should Williams Implement a Revolving Loan Fund?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to replace its incandescent light bulbs with more efficient compact fluorescent (CFL) light bulbs. These light bulbs use 2/3 less energy than #12;Terra 4 standard incandescent bulbs, but they are more

Aalberts, Daniel P.

217

Geaux Green: GREEN GUIDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

account. Make a switch Replace incandescent light bulbs with energy-efficient compact fluorescent lights. Remember: You should always turn your lights off regardless if they are incandescent bulbs or CFLs. Take

Harms, Kyle E.

218

Recommendations to Reduce Light Pollution and Energy Costs on the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(PAT18, PAT19, PAT27, PAT28, PAT29 - CL14): #12;· Change class #15, and class #20, incandescent bulbs with exterior fluorescent bulbs: · Change class #18 incandescent flood-light bulbs with fluorescent flood

219

Optimized Magnetic Components Improve Efficiency of Compact Fluorescent Lamps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

xtures (designed for incandescent bulbs) has allowed residential and small commercial electric customers of incandescent lamps and last 10 times longer [1]. High-frequency electronic ballasts are used to power CFLs

220

Table Set-up with Materials near Lamp Stand (below) Target Audience: Parents of elementary school students (grades 3-6) and Middle and High School Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

spectrum with different light sources; compact fluorescent, LED, incandescent. 5. Discuss light bulb. Observe difference of color spectrum with different light sources; compact fluorescent, LED, incandescent type of bulb at different horizontal level. Electromagnetic Spectrum handouts that includes spectrum

Linhardt, Robert J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

CX-011406: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps...

222

4024 Inorg. Chem. 1987, 26, 4024-4029 Contribution from the Departments of Chemistry, Colgate University, Hamilton, New York 13346,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and laboratory fluorescent light and during nights to light from a 150-W incandescent bulb 20 cm from the pair

Herbert, Bruce

223

Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and a washroom with bulb-type fluorescent lamps, (5) closingusing incandescent bulbs to fluorescent lamps. This switch

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commercial and Industrial End Uses Incandescent Lamps Refrigerators Residential AC (Including Heat Pumps) Washing Machines Fluorescent Ballasts Electric Water Heaters

McNeil, Michael A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

55Measuring Star Temperatures The lower plot shows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, incandescent bodies that have a red glow are 'cool' while bodies with a yellow or blue color are 'hot

226

HiRho CCD INTERNAL NOTE 31 October 1996  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by incandescent light) exposure with the Keck low­resolution spectrograph, divided by the same frame averaged over

227

38 CHAPTER 1. ASSEMBLY MANUAL BiDirectional Motor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Incandescent Lamp Sensor, Polarized Sensor, Non­polarized Figure 1.26: Standard Connector Plug Configurations

228

Power Factor Reactive Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

power: 130 watts Induction motor PSERC Incandescent lights 0 0.002 0.004 0.006 0.008 0.01 0.012 0.014 0 power: 150 watts #12;Page 4 PSERC Incandescent Lights PSERC Induction motor with no load #12;Page 5 Incandescent Lights #12;Page 7 PSERC Incandescent lights power: Power = 118 V x 1.3 A = 153 W = 0.15 kW = power

229

Energy-Efficient, High-Color-Rendering LED Lamps Using Oxyfluoride and Fluoride Phosphors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LED lamps using phosphor downconversion can be designed to replace incandescent or halogen sources with a 'warm-white' correlated color temperature (CCT) of 2700-3200 K and a color rendering index (CRI) greater than 90. However, these lamps have efficacies of {approx}70% of standard 'cool-white' LED packages (CCT = 4500-6000 K; CRI = 75-80). In this report, we describe structural and luminescence properties of fluoride and oxyfluoride phosphors, specifically a (Sr,Ca){sub 3}(Al,Si)O{sub 4}(F,O):Ce{sup 3+} yellow-green phosphor and a K{sub 2}TiF{sub 6}:Mn{sup 4+} red phosphor, that can reduce this gap and therefore meet the spectral and efficiency requirements for high-efficacy LED lighting. LED lamps with a warm-white color temperature (3088 K), high CRI (90), and an efficacy of {approx}82 lm/W are demonstrated using these phosphors. This efficacy is {approx}85% of comparable cool-white lamps using typical Y{sub 3}Al{sub 5}O{sub 12}:Ce{sup 3+}-based phosphors, significantly reducing the efficacy gap between warm-white and cool-white LED lamps that use phosphor downconversion.

Setlur, A.; Radkov, E; Henderson, C; Her, J; Srivastava, A; Karkada, N; Kishore, M; Kumar, N; Aesram, D; et al.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Presented at the 1998 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, August 23-28, 1998, Pacific Grove, CA, and published in the Proceedings.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incandescent Lamps: The International Experience Francis Rubinstein Building Technologies Department 22311-1772 March 1998 #12;1 Creating Markets For New Products To Replace Incandescent Lamps-in, energy-efficient replacement for the incandescent lamp. This paper summarizes the international

231

Supplementary Material for: Application of Synchrotron Radiation for Measurement of Iron Red-ox  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@engr.wisc.edu #12;Incandescent Light Bulb Spectrum Figure 1 Visible Light Fluorescent Light Bulb Spectrum #12;Figure 2 Visible Light Incandescent Light Bulb Spectrum #12;Figure 3 Unmodified XANES Spectrum February 14 of the incandescent lights used for aging the atmospheric aerosols. The units are in m / S / m2 / nm. Figure 3

Meskhidze, Nicholas

232

Author's personal copy Radiative heat transfer in enhanced hydrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tube and heated in a furnace or by an incandescent lamp. It was observed that hydrogen release from the glass sample was faster and stronger when heated by an incandescent lamp than within a furnace. Here and the glass samples. In brief, the radiation emitted by the incandescent lamp is concentrated between 0

Pilon, Laurent

233

How Many CASTLE Bulbs Would You Need To Match the Brightness of the Sun?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Suppose that you have two household incandescent bulbs: one is labeled "60W," the other "100W." If you try incandescent bulb and a 9W fluorescent bulb. Which one makes your room brighter? It's not what you might expect... in fact, they look about the same! The incandescent bulb emits a broad spectrum of visible and infrared

Collar, Juan I.

234

Issues, Models and Solutions for Triac Modulated Phase Dimming of LED Lamps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

greater than incandescent lamps [1,2]. In fact, recent technological breakthroughs [3-7] in the high of LED lighting: An incandescent source produces 10 ­ 20 lumens/watt, while several manufacturers have? Incandescent bulbs primarily utilize phase modulating dimming through triac switches to control the power sent

Lehman, Brad

235

Many exterior entry and walkway lights in residential and commercial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many exterior entry and walkway lights in residential and commercial applications use incandescent combines cutting-edge LED technology with an occupancy sensor and incandescent lighting to reduce operating costs below those of incandescent lamps and CFL fixtures. The low wattage LED light turns on at dusk

236

PipelineJuly 2012 Volume 4, Issue 4 (From President Kaler's June 14 e-mail)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the LightEnergy Management seeks incandescent and T12 lamps Energy Management Senior Engineer Alicia inefficient light sources. Although the vast majority of the campus's number one offenders -- incandescent fluorescent lamps and classic incandescent A-lamps. T12's can be identified by their "fat" appearance (1

Webb, Peter

237

EK101 Engineering Light Project: Evaluate Residential Lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for residential lighting (LED, Compact Fluorescent, Incandescent). Develop a plan of experiments to be conducted, CF, and Incandescent bulbs for the past ten years. (try the wayback time machine if other sources fail). Discuss the key challenges associated with a transition from incandescent lighting

Bifano, Thomas

238

Phys. Med. Biol. 43 (1998) 24072412. Printed in the UK PII: S0031-9155(98)90934-4 Effects of read-out light sources and ambient light on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

laser, light emitting diode (LED) and incandescent read-out light sources produce an equivalent dose, fluorescent light and incandescent ambient light produce an equivalent dose coloration of 30 cGy h-1, 18 cGy h the optical density of Gafchromic films include, helium neon lasers, ultrabright diodes, incandescent

Yu, K.N.

239

The light-emitting diode (LED) is an fairly new kind of light source found currently in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this technology an ideal replacement for less efficient incandescent light sources, particularly in applications elevator lighting has the potential to achieve 25 percent greater efficiency than current incandescent ILLUMINATION LEVELS SIMILAR TO THOSE OF INCANDESCENT FIXTURES WHILE CUTTING ENERGY USE 45 PERCENT. ELEVATOR

240

Inside this issue: Green Dorm,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The crew, which we call the Green Scene team, will be changing out incandescent light bulbs for compact (see page 1). The incandescent bulbs collected will be donated to a local organization. Prizes will be given to the person who returns the most incandescent bulbs. CFL's use one-third of the energy than

Kidd, William S. F.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

geoffrey iwata phy h190phy h190  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

through 2014 Effectively bans the manufacturing and importing of most current incandescent light bulbsmost current incandescent light bulbs Rationale: 22% of US electricity consumption due to lighting Wikipedia.org #12;What are the Light Bulb Wars Should incandescent bulbs be banned from production? ? #12

Budker, Dmitry

242

JY Tsao Evolution of Solid-State Lighting: Market Pull and Technology Push Xiamen 2005 Apr 13 Evolution of Solid-State Lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Technology Push · Xiamen · 2005 Apr 13 0 20 40 60 80 100 0.1 1.0 10.0 100.0 Incandescent (12%) Fluorescent Fluorescent Standard Incandescent · So let's start with traditional lighting. · Here, I've plotted the 26 and Eugene Hong of Navigant Consulting. The lamps fall into three overall families: incandescent, in green

243

Solid-State lighting ReSeaRch & development at Sandia national laboRatoRieS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

illumination via interface with microelectronics. MASSIVE ENERGY SAVINGS Incandescent and fluorescent lamps% efficient. Today's commercially available white LEDs are already five times as efficient as incandescent--or 10-15 times that of incandescent bulbs and 2-3 times that of fluorescents. BIG BOTTOM-LINE PAYOFF

244

Article #11, May 23, 2006 AJ's Technical Tips: Technologies for Lighting in Rural Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/a 30 lumens 0.1 Incandescent Bulb 15 W 225 lumens 15 Fluorescent Tube Lamp 10 W 500 lumens 50 White LED Lamp 1 W 30 lumens 30 The data in Table 1 show that incandescent bulbs and fluorescent tubes generate incandescent bulbs are about 150 times more efficient. In other words, electric lights are not only brighter

Jacobson, Arne

245

Colin Fink was a pioneer in electrochemical processing of materials. Fink is best known for his ground-breaking developments in the electro-deposi:on of metals, and par:cularly for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

:le tungsten for incandescent lamp filaments, an insoluble anode used in the copper! ! Invented process to produce ductile tungsten for incandescent lamp filaments! ! Taught S. Ruben, who for incandescent lamp filaments! ! Taught S. Ruben, who invented alkaline baJery (Duracell Company

Columbia University

246

THE HISTORY AND TECHNICAL EVOLUTION OF HIGH FREQUENCY FLUORESCENT LIGHTING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

B L U E , G R E E N , INCANDESCENT FORM OF LAMPS OF VARIOUSTHE E F F I C I E N C Y INCANDESCENT A P P L I C A T I O N SI M E S , DEPENDING THE THE INCANDESCENT GENERAL LAMPS. THE

Campbell, John H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

The answer to this question may be found in the following Confucian proverb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

principle: when you get something hot, it glows. The hot wire filament inside an incandescent light bulb clear incandescent Christmas tree lights · Infrared goggles (optional) Please don't use this activity with incandescent bulbs takes much more power input, and so they'll need to work quite a bit harder. Doing

Hardy, Darel

248

Basic Circuit Measurements and Ohm's Law ECE 2100 Circuit Analysis Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, _______ W low-wattage incandescent light bulb. Also, measure and record the "cold" resistance of such a bulb. 6. Construct the circuit below using the low-wattage incandescent bulb of step 5. Use the Variac frequency. 7. Repeat steps 5 and 6 using a high-wattage incandescent light bulb rated at 120 VAC, ______ W

Miller, Damon A.

249

DUAL USE OF LEDS: SIGNALING AND COMMUNICATIONS IN ITS Grantham Pang, Chi-ho Chan, Hugh Liu, Thomas Kwan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) over incandescent lights is well-supported. This is due to their high shown that the high brightness LEDs are significantly brighter than the incandescent lights lights with LEDs is a reduction in power consumption [7]. In addition, incandescent traffic signals burn

Pang, Grantham

250

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUEIV Colloque C4,supplkmentau Journal de Physique 111,Volume4, avril1994  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from an incandescent lamp and a Article published online by EDP Sciences and available at http imperfections in the device : the heat produced by the incandescent lamp may affect the tissue sample and may and log P) and the penetration depth (lines). #12;C4-256 JOURNALDE PHYSIQUEIV in place of the incandescent

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

251

Retail Lamps Study 3.1: Dimming, Flicker, and Power Quality Characteristics of LED A Lamps.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To date, all three reports in the retail lamps series have focused on basic performance parameters, such as lumen output, efficacy, and color quality. This report goes a step further, examining the photoelectric characteristics (i.e., dimming and flicker) of a subset of lamps from CALiPER Retails Lamps Study 3. Specifically, this report focuses on the dimming, power quality, and flicker characteristics of 14 LED A lamps, as controlled by four different retail-available dimmers. The results demonstrate notable variation across the various lamps, but little variation between the four dimmers. Overall, the LED lamps: ~tended to have higher relative light output compared to the incandescent and halogen benchmark at the same dimmer output signal (RMS voltage). The lamps’ dimming curves (i.e., the relationship between control signal and relative light output) ranged from linear to very similar to the square-law curve typical of an incandescent lamp. ~generally exhibited symmetrical behavior—the same dimming curve—when measured proceeding from maximum to minimum or minimum to maximum control signal. ~mostly dimmed below 10% of full light output, with some exceptions for specific lamp and dimmer combinations ~exhibited a range of flicker characteristics, with many comparing favorably to the level typical of a magnetically-ballasted fluorescent lamp through at least a majority of the dimming range. ~ always exceeded the relative (normalized) efficacy over the dimming range of the benchmark lamps, which rapidly decline in efficacy when they are dimmed. This report generally does not attempt to rank the performance of one product compared to another, but instead focuses on the collective performance of the group versus conventional incandescent or halogen lamps, the performance of which is likely to be the baseline for a majority of consumers. Undoubtedly, some LED lamps perform better—or more similar to conventional lamps—than others. Some perform desirably for one characteristic, but not others. Consumers (and specifiers) may have a hard time distinguishing better-performing lamps from one another; at this time, physical experimentation is likely the best evaluation tool.

Royer, Michael P.; Poplawski, Michael E.; Brown, Charles C.

2014-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

252

Compact Fluorescent Plug-In Ballast-in-a-Socket  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary goal of this program was to develop a ballast system for plug-in CFLs (compact fluorescent lamps) that will directly replace standard metal shell, medium base incandescent lampholders (such as Levition No. 6098) for use with portable lamp fixtures, such as floor, table and desk lamps. A secondary goal was to identify a plug-in CFL that is optimized for use with this ballast. This Plug-in CFL Ballastin-a-Socket system will allow fixture manufacturers to easily manufacture CFL-based high-efficacy portable fixtures that provide residential and commercial consumers with attractive, cost-effective, and energy-efficient fixtures for use wherever portable incandescent fixtures are used today. The advantages of this proposed system over existing CFL solutions are that the fixtures can only be used with high-efficacy CFLs, and they will be more attractive and will have lower life-cycle costs than screw-in or adapter-based CFL retrofit solutions. These features should greatly increase the penetration of CFL's into the North American market. Our work has shown that using integrated circuits it is quite feasible to produce a lamp-fixture ballast of a size comparable to the current Edison-screw 3-way incandescent fixtures. As for price points for BIAS-based fixtures, end-users polled by the Lighting Research Institute at RPI indicated that they would pay as much as an additional $10 for a lamp containing such a ballast. The ballast has been optimized to run with a 26 W amalgam triple biax lamp in the base-down position, yet can accept non-amalgam versions of the lamp. With a few part alterations, the ballast can be produced to support 32 W lamps as well. The ballast uses GE's existing L-Comp[1] power topology in the circuit so that the integrated circuit design would be a design that could possibly be used by other CFL and EFL products with minor modifications. This gives added value by reducing cost and size of not only the BIAS, but also possibly other integral CFL and future dimmable integral and plug-in versions of the EFL products.

Rebecca Voelker

2001-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

253

High Efficiency Integrated Package  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solid-state lighting based on LEDs has emerged as a superior alternative to inefficient conventional lighting, particularly incandescent. LED lighting can lead to 80 percent energy savings; can last 50,000 hours – 2-50 times longer than most bulbs; and contains no toxic lead or mercury. However, to enable mass adoption, particularly at the consumer level, the cost of LED luminaires must be reduced by an order of magnitude while achieving superior efficiency, light quality and lifetime. To become viable, energy-efficient replacement solutions must deliver system efficacies of ? 100 lumens per watt (LPW) with excellent color rendering (CRI > 85) at a cost that enables payback cycles of two years or less for commercial applications. This development will enable significant site energy savings as it targets commercial and retail lighting applications that are most sensitive to the lifetime operating costs with their extended operating hours per day. If costs are reduced substantially, dramatic energy savings can be realized by replacing incandescent lighting in the residential market as well. In light of these challenges, Cree proposed to develop a multi-chip integrated LED package with an output of > 1000 lumens of warm white light operating at an efficacy of at least 128 LPW with a CRI > 85. This product will serve as the light engine for replacement lamps and luminaires. At the end of the proposed program, this integrated package was to be used in a proof-of-concept lamp prototype to demonstrate the component’s viability in a common form factor. During this project Cree SBTC developed an efficient, compact warm-white LED package with an integrated remote color down-converter. Via a combination of intensive optical, electrical, and thermal optimization, a package design was obtained that met nearly all project goals. This package emitted 1295 lm under instant-on, room-temperature testing conditions, with an efficacy of 128.4 lm/W at a color temperature of ~2873K and 83 CRI. As such, the package’s performance exceeds DOE’s warm-white phosphor LED efficacy target for 2013. At the end of the program, we assembled an A19 sized demonstration bulb housing the integrated package which met Energy Star intensity variation requirements. With further development to reduce overall component cost, we anticipate that an integrated remote converter package such as developed during this program will find application in compact, high-efficacy LED-based lamps, particularly those requiring omnidirectional emission.

Ibbetson, James

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

254

Investigating the efficacy of terrorist network visualizations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Military intelligence analysts are increasingly tasked to sift through enormous volumes of data to identify the proverbial intelligence "needle in a haystack." One specific domain exemplifying this new intelligence paradigm ...

Berardi, Christopher W. (Christopher Walter)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

The risks and efficacy of solar geoengineering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar geoengineering may enable a significant reduction in climate risks by partially offsetting climate change due to increasing greenhouse gases, however this emerging technology entails novel risks and uncertainties along with serious challenges to global governance. I will attempt a rough summary of the physics of solar geoengineering and present recent findings regarding (a) the climate's response to radiative forcing by stratospheric aerosols, (b) methods of producing appropriate aerosol distributions, and (c) risks. In closing I will discuss the trade-off between solar geoengineering, emissions reductions and adaptation in climate policy.

Keith, David [Harvard University

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

256

Safety and Efficacy of Prehospital Diltiazem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HR was ,100 beats per minute (bpm) or if it decreased 20%.The average initial HR was 154 bpm. On arrival to theof the patients had an HR , 100 bpm and 69% had a drop in HR

Luk, Jeffrey H; Walsh, Brian; Yasbin, Paul

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Design and Predictive Control of a Net Zero Energy Home  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the same amount of light as traditional incandescent bulbs with less energy. Incandescent bulbs are inherently inefficient as most of the energy they consume goes towards heat generation. Compact fluorescent (CFL) and light emitting diode (LED) bulbs... as heat [1]. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) and Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) were analyzed in comparison with incandescent lamps. To determine the most energy efficient bulb, energy consumption for each type of bulb is needed. To do this, the amount...

Morelli, F.; Abbarno, N.; Boese, E.; Bullock, J.; Carter, B.; Edwards, R.; Lapite, O.; Mann, D.; Mulvihill, C.; Purcell, E.; Stein, M. IV; Rasmussen, B. P.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

LED ProspectsLED Prospects photometric units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/5/8 #12;16 Light bulb comparisonLight bulb comparison W lumens khours CRI $US Incandescent (long life) 75-life incandescent with LED. · 10 light fixtures/home, lights on for 6h/day, 333 days/yr. · Electricity 0.12 $/kWh. W khours $US Incandescent (long life) 100 10 2 LED (PAR38, warm, dimmable) 11 40 90 · What is the lifetime

Pulfrey, David L.

259

Industrial Lighting Techniques and New Developments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

families customarily categorized in three major groupings Incandescent, Fluorescent, and High Intensity Discharge sources. In the incandescent family, halogen capsule 'technology has led to many new general lighting sources the 90-Watt and 45-Watt... Par 38 lamps deliver the same light output in the beam as conventional 150- and 75-Watt incandescent Par sources while using 40\\ less wattage and maintaining lamp life. By reducing voltage to the filament in halogen ~apsule sources, lamps can...

Colotti, M. A.

260

Journal of Chemical Ecology, Vol.23, No. 4, 1997 CUTICULAR HYDROCARBONS OF TERMITES OF THE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

--Cuticularhydrocarbons, chemotaxonomy, Isoptera, tropical ter- mites, gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, Virgin Islands, Caribbean scintillation vials over a single 75-W, reflecting incandescent light.

Yorke, James

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Driver Circuit for White LED Lamps with TRIAC Dimming Control.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??An efficient Light Emitting Diode (LED) lamp driver circuit is proposed for retrofitting the conventionally used incandescent lamps with existing TRIAC dimmer. The dimming feature… (more)

Weng, Szu-Jung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Westinghouse Lighting: Noncompliance Determination (2010-CE-09/1001)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Westinghouse Lighting Corporation finding that various models of incandescent reflector lamps do not comport with the energy conservation standards.

263

2014-12-30 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for General...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

2014-12-30 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps; Final Rule 2014-12-30 Issuance: Energy Conservation...

264

2014-04-11 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for General...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-04-11 Issuance: Energy Conservation...

265

Fabrication of color tunable organic light-emitting diodes by an alignment free mask patterning method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that of the incandescent bulb and comparable with that of the fluorescent tube. OLEDs are a true sur- face/area lighting

266

DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

150 million compact fluorescent light bulbs in 2010. (ChinaCleaners Incandescent Bulbs Fluorescent Lamps Ballasts forincandescent bulbs with compact fluorescent lamps. Consumers

McNeil, MIchael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

replacement of incandescent bulbs with more efficient compact fluorescent lighting and light-emitting diode (LED) lamps. Among electric end-use services in the residential...

268

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY OSRAM SYLVANIA FOR AN...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

similar to a frosted incandescent bulb. Use of the ceramic enables the size of the remote phosphor to be minimized while maintaining a sufficient thermal path for...

269

E-Print Network 3.0 - ambient dose equivalent Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

175 h. Ambient incandescent lights, however, produced a negligible... laser, light emitting diode ... Source: Yu, Peter K.N. - Department of Physics and Materials Science, City...

270

Semiconductor Science and Technology  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

controlled illumination via interface with microelectronics. MASSIVE ENERGY SAVINGS Incandescent and fluorescent lamps convert less than 20% of electrical energy into visible...

271

Educators: Are You Ready to Teach Energy Literacy? Join our August...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

pedal for power and experience the difference in physical effort necessary to power incandescent, compact fluorescent, and LED lighting. This lesson highlighted Energy Principle 4,...

272

Type of Space Bulb Type #/House Fixture Style Greenhouse #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

841 360 8 F 32 T8/TL 841 360 9 F 32 T8/TL 841 360 MTPS 216 Ch. 1 F 72 T12 CW/VHO 72 1 Incandescent 60w 72 2 F 72 T12 CW/VHO 72 2 Incandescent 60w 72 5 F 72 T12 CW/VHO 72 5 Incandescent 60w 72 10 F 72 T12 CW/VHO 72 10 Incandescent 60w 72 #12;DR 1009 Ch. 27 F 032/431 4 Seed Chamber Ch. 28 F40T12/ADV 41 6

Pawlowski, Wojtek

273

--No Title--  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

alike can also reduce power demand, and thus carbon emissions, by replacing the incandescent bulbs in their homes with energy-saving compact fluorescent bulbs. That's a handy...

274

--No Title--  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

light bulbs, which use 75 percent less energy and last ten times longer than incandescent bulbs, (2) window installation kits, which would improve heat instillation in the...

275

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2010 Longview, TX has established a program that enables residents to swap out four incandescent light bulbs for four CFLs. | Department of Energy Photo | Government Work | Getting...

276

DOE/LX/07-0324&D1 Secondary Document DMSA C-333-35 Solid Waste...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

RCRA regulated hazardousmixed waste formerly stored consisted of a crushed incandescent light bulb base. The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) regulated...

277

Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

around the same time that his rival, Thomas Edison, was working to improve the incandescent light bulb. In the early 1990s, several major lighting manufacturers introduced...

278

--No Title--  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

out fixtures to accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs instead of relying on incandescent bulbs. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants Native Village of Stevens...

279

DOE/LX/07-0087&D1 Secondary Document DMSA C-333-41 Solid Waste...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

included welding rods, solder, a Nissen metal marker, fluorescent light starters, incandescent light bulbs and ends, fluorescent light bulb ends, miscellaneous lead pieces, and...

280

CX-003584: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

community facilities and based on the results of the audits, change fixtures from incandescent to fluorescent lighting. In addition, the IRHA proposes to conduct mechanical...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

--No Title--  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

roads The proposed action would involve changing the tribe's street lights from incandescent bulbs to LED lighting fixtures. The City of Fairbanks would provide research it...

282

E-Print Network 3.0 - accidentelle aux iodes Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 2 L'MISSION LECTRIQUE DU TUNGSTNE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPHRE D'IODE. Summary: 'mission ngative du tungstne; l'influence...

283

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

retrofits throughout the Village. These lighting retrofits would involve upgrading incandescent light fixtures to those that will accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs. In...

284

DOE/LX/07-0242&D1 Secondary Document DMSA C-400-05 Solid Waste...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fuses, three capacitors, three circuit boards, sixteen vacuum tubes, thirty-two incandescent light bulbs or fluorescent light bulbs, gallon of nitric acid, five aerosol...

285

CX-000133: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the funding permits. Residences for the retrofits will be selected based on need. Incandescent bulbs would be replaced with compact fluorescent bulbs. Power consumption would be...

286

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

potentially provide many advantages over standard lighting technologies, such as incandescent bulbs, especially in the areas of efficiency, - 2 - operating lifetime and the...

287

Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart Distribution of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

determining, based on corrected test data provided by Westinghouse, that the incandescent reflector lamps listed below are compliant with the federal energy conservation...

288

--No Title--  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

until funds are expended. Retrofits will consist of changing fixtures from incandescent to fluorescent lighting. Recent experience with lighting retrofits in the region...

289

CX-000139: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

until funds are expended. Retrofits will consist of changing fixtures from incandescent to fluorescent lighting. Recent experience with lighting retrofits in the region...

290

Microsoft Word - SWMU 542  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electrical wire, metal light fixtures & ballasts, mercury vapor lights and incandescent lights. WASTE QUANTITY: 542a - Approximately 35 ft 3 . 542b - Approximately 75 ft 3...

291

E-Print Network 3.0 - austrag von platin Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

glhenden Platins ausgestrahlte Licht (Sur la lumire mise par le platine incandescent); Inaug. Diss... fonction dfinie de sa temprature.. M. Nichions a cherch la...

292

DOE/LX/07-0315&D1 Secondary Document DMSA C-333-14 Solid Waste...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Newly discovered RCRA regulated hazardousmixed waste formerly stored consisted of incandescent light bulbs and light bulb ends, respirator canisters, aerosol cans, and lead...

293

DOE/LX/07-0323&D1 Secondary Document DMSA C-333-15 and DMSA C...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

waste formerly stored consisted of a fuse, circuit boards, light bulbs, broken incandescent light bulbs, a light starter, and a container of hand table sludge. The Toxic...

294

EA-1664: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps The U.S. Department of Energy has determined that the adoption of energy...

295

CX-000136: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

retrofits for bathrooms of 42 residences. These retrofits would involve upgrading incandescent light fixtures to those that will accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs. It is...

296

--No Title--  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

retrofits for bathrooms of 42 residences. These retrofits would involve upgrading incandescent light fixtures to those that will accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs. It is...

297

DOE/LX/07-0289&D1 Secondary Document DMSA C-335-05 Solid Waste...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

discovered RCRA regulated hazardous waste formerly stored included two 1-inch incandescent light bulbs and an aerosol can of starter fluid (ether). Newly generated RCRA...

298

E-Print Network 3.0 - arc lamp heal Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

particularly... sources and mechanical wafer transport; or electrical lamps, either incandescent or arc, with programmed... in lamp FIG. 1. Temperature sensor signal vs time for...

299

Energy Performance Assessment for Equipment and Utility Systems...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Standards, Feebates, Feed-in Tariffs, Fuel Efficiency Standards, Incandescent Phase-Out, MandatesTargets, Net Metering & Interconnection, Resource Integration...

300

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

community facilities and based on the results of the audits, change fixtures from incandescent to fluorescent lighting. In addition, the IRHA proposes to conduct mechanical...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

upgrades, and technology upgrades; 3) LED traffic signal conversion to replace incandescent bulbs to light-emitting diodes. Conditions: Historic preservation clause applies to...

302

CX-000137: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

out fixtures to accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs instead of relying on incandescent bulbs. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-000137.pdf More Documents &...

303

--No Title--  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the funding permits. Residences for the retrofits will be selected based on need. Incandescent bulbs would be replaced with compact fluorescent bulbs. Power consumption would be...

304

CX-003246: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

retrofits throughout the Village. These lighting retrofits would involve upgrading incandescent light fixtures to those that will accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs. In...

305

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS PETITION FOR ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

is to develop a solid state LED lamp that is a viable replacement for inefficient incandescent general lighting sources. This work is funded under DOE's Office of Energy...

306

Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Thomas Alva Edison | Department...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and engineers -- pioneered improvements to a variety of inventions, including the incandescent light bulb. 6. Edison left a profound impact on the nation's energy sector. Beyond...

307

C-340 ST-90 Boxes Solid Waste Management Unit (SWMU) Assessment...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

WASTE DESCRIPTION: Along with non-RCRA regulated wastes, one ST-90 contained two incandescent light bulbs. The low-level waste (LLW) previously stored included paper, plastic,...

308

DOE/LX/07-0286&D1 Secondary Document DMSA C-337-41 Solid Waste...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

hazardousmixed waste formerly stored included ceramic insulators with lead, incandescent light bulbs, a vacuum tube, and a mercury switch. The Toxic Substances Control Act...

309

E-Print Network 3.0 - aux iodes radioactifs Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 2 L'MISSION LECTRIQUE DU TUNGSTNE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPHRE D'IODE. Summary: 'mission ngative du tungstne; l'influence...

310

Statement by Energy Secretary Steven Chu on New Clean Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

applications such as cell phones and PDA screens. OLED and LED technologies are up to ten times more efficient than conventional incandescent lights. When widely adopted, LEDs...

311

Understanding Drooping Light Emitting Diodes CEEM | U.S. DOE...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Impact Understanding "droop" may result in cheaper, more efficient LEDs; LEDs are more energy efficient, smaller, and longer-lived than incandescent lamps or fluorescent...

312

DOE Requires Westinghouse to Cease Sales of Two Light Bulb Models...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Company to allow the companies to resume sales of an incandescent reflector lamp basic model 50PAR30F (Westinghouse product...

313

CX-004724: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office Sandia National LaboratoriesCalifornia (SNLCA) will develop a novel fieldable laser-induced incandescence sensor to measure black carbon (BC) and brown carbon (BrC)...

314

--No Title--  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

18 months at current operating cycles. Incandescent bulbs can be replaced with Light Emitting Diode lamps that use approximately 10 watts of electricity, have a five year...

315

CX-002177: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

incandescent traffic signal heads and pedestrian displays to energy efficient light-emitting diode displays; and 3) improve traffic signal system operations and efficiency by...

316

U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

incandescent traffic signal heads and pedestrian displays to energy efficient light-emitting diode displays; and 3) improve traffic signal system operations and efficiency by...

317

CX-000135: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

involve changing the Tribe's street lights from incandescent bulbs to LED (light-emitting diode) lighting fixtures. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-000135.pdf More...

318

CX-006328: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

conditioning upgrades, building envelope upgrades, and technology upgrades; 3) light emitting diode traffic signal conversion to replace incandescent bulbs to light-emitting...

319

CX-004962: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

halide light fixtures in the City Hall and Community Center parking lots with light-emitting diode (LED) light fixtures; and 3) replace incandescent light bulbs on traffic...

320

CX-003657: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

light bulb retrofits, and 5) incandescent traffic signal replacement with light-emitting diode technology. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-003657.pdf More Documents &...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Freezers Room air conditioners Televisions Clothes washers Dishwashers Battery chargers Water heaters Fluorescent lamp ballasts Incandescent reflector lamps If your appliance has...

322

FIND A BIN, IT ALL GOES IN all types of paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

containers · ceramics, mirrors, windows, pyrex · incandescent light bulbs HAZARDOUS WASTE & CONFIDENTIAL: flatten next to containers, or place in marked dumpsters SPECIAL RECYCLING ITEMS: containers located

Thaxton, Christopher S.

323

EVOLUTION OF BLACK CARBON MIXING-STATE IN AN URBAN-BIOGENIC ENVIRONMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study (CARES), the Department of Energy Gulfstream-1 (DOE G-1) and the incandescent signal peak from the BC core (BC; mass equivalent diameter = 60 - 650 nm). For nascent soot that must first "boil" off before the BC core can incandesce. It is this time ­ to vaporize the coating

324

Electrical modulation of emissivity S. Vassant,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, it is difficult to develop an efficient light emitting diode because the spontaneous emission rate is proportional emitting diodes. Yet, incandescent sources are often the only option in the infrared (IR). Indeed tens of Hz. Hence, for many applications, incandescent light sources can- not compete with light

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

325

SUR LA LUMIRE POSITIVE ET LE PASSAGE DE L'LECTRICIT DANS LES GAZ ; Par M. P. VILLARD.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on chauffe fortement une région cesse d'être lumineux dans cette région ; un fil incandescent placé dans ce tube crée autour de lui un espace obscur : or on sait qu'un corps incandescent érnet des ions en

Boyer, Edmond

326

3Water on Planetary Surfaces Space is very cold!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

incandescent bulb consume if left on for 1 hour? Problem 2: A house consumes about 3,000 kilowatts in one hour, in Joules, does a 100 watt incandescent bulb consume if left on for 1 hour? Answer: 100 watts is the same

327

System Architecture Directions for a Software-Defined Lighting Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

spectrum of an outdoor environment and a typical fluorescent tube-lit office space. Indoor spectrum to incandescent and fluorescent lights. Unfortunately, the remarkable march of semiconductor technology a renaissance. The staple of illumi- nation for one and a half centuries, the incandescent bulb, is being phased

Dutta, Prabal

328

Analysis of Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards for Residential General Service Lighting in Chile  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards (MEPS) have been chosen as part of Chile's national energy efficiency action plan. As a first MEPS, the Ministry of Energy has decided to focus on a regulation for lighting that would ban the sale of inefficient bulbs, effectively phasing out the use of incandescent lamps. Following major economies such as the US (EISA, 2007) , the EU (Ecodesign, 2009) and Australia (AS/NZS, 2008) who planned a phase out based on minimum efficacy requirements, the Ministry of Energy has undertaken the impact analysis of a MEPS on the residential lighting sector. Fundacion Chile (FC) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) collaborated with the Ministry of Energy and the National Energy Efficiency Program (Programa Pais de Eficiencia Energetica, or PPEE) in order to produce a techno-economic analysis of this future policy measure. LBNL has developed for CLASP (CLASP, 2007) a spreadsheet tool called the Policy Analysis Modeling System (PAMS) that allows for evaluation of costs and benefits at the consumer level but also a wide range of impacts at the national level, such as energy savings, net present value of savings, greenhouse gas (CO2) emission reductions and avoided capacity generation due to a specific policy. Because historically Chile has followed European schemes in energy efficiency programs (test procedures, labelling program definitions), we take the Ecodesign commission regulation No 244/2009 as a starting point when defining our phase out program, which means a tiered phase out based on minimum efficacy per lumen category. The following data were collected in order to perform the techno-economic analysis: (1) Retail prices, efficiency and wattage category in the current market, (2) Usage data (hours of lamp use per day), and (3) Stock data, penetration of efficient lamps in the market. Using these data, PAMS calculates the costs and benefits of efficiency standards from two distinct but related perspectives: (1) The Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) calculation examines costs and benefits from the perspective of the individual household; and (2) The National Perspective projects the total national costs and benefits including both financial benefits, and energy savings and environmental benefits. The national perspective calculations are called the National Energy Savings (NES) and the Net Present Value (NPV) calculations. PAMS also calculate total emission mitigation and avoided generation capacity. This paper describes the data and methodology used in PAMS and presents the results of the proposed phase out of incandescent bulbs in Chile.

Letschert, Virginie E.; McNeil, Michael A.; Leiva Ibanez, Francisco Humberto; Ruiz, Ana Maria; Pavon, Mariana; Hall, Stephen

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

CALiPER Retail Lamps Study 3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The CALiPER program first began investigating LED lamps sold at retail stores in 2010, purchasing 33 products from eight retailers and covering six product categories. The findings revealed a fragmented marketplace, with large disparities in performance of different products, accuracy of manufacturer claims, and offerings from different retail outlets. Although there were some good products, looking back many would not be considered viable competitors to other available options, with too little lumen output, not high enough efficacy, or poor color quality. CALiPER took another look in late 2011purchasing 38 products of five different types from nine retailers and the improvement was marked. Performance was up; retailer claims were more accurate; and the price per lumen and price per unit efficacy were down, although the price per product had not changed much. Nonetheless, there was still plenty of room for improvement, with the performance of LED lamps not yet reaching that of well-established classes of conventional lamps (e.g., 75 W incandescent A19 lamps). Since the second retail lamp study was published in early 2012, there has been substantial progress in all aspects of LED lamps available from retailers. To document this progress, CALiPER again purchased a sample of lamps from retail stores 46 products in total, focusing on A19, PAR30, and MR16 lamps but instead of a random sample, sought to select products to answer specific hypotheses about performance. These hypotheses focused on expanding ranges of LED equivalency, the accuracy of lifetime claims, efficacy and price trends, as well as changes to product designs. Among other results, key findings include: There are now very good LED options to compete with 60 W, 75 W, and 100 W incandescent A19 lamps, and 75 W halogen PAR30 lamps. MR16 lamps have shown less progress, but there are now acceptable alternatives to 35 W, 12 V halogen MR16 lamps and 50 W, 120 V halogen MR16 lamps for some applications. Other uses, such as in enclosed luminaires, may require more development. At the same price point, lamps purchased in 2013 tended to have higher output and slightly higher efficacy than in 2011 or 2010. Over 30% of the products purchased in 2013 exceeded the maximum efficacy measured in 2011 (71 lm/W), with the most efficacious product measured at 105 lm/W. There appears to be increasing consistency in color quality, with a vast majority of products having a CCT of 2700 K or 3000 K and a CRI between 80 and 85. There were also fewer poor performing products tested and more high-performing products available in 2013 than in previous years. The accuracy of equivalency and performance claims was better than in 2011, but remains a concern, with 43% of tested products failing to completely meet their equivalency claim and 20% of products failing to match the manufacturer’s performance data. Although progress has been substantial, on average LED lamps remain more expensive than other energy efficiency lighting technologies -- although some aspects can be superior. Although not universal to all product lines or all product types, the issue of insufficient lumen output from LED lamps is waning. Thus, manufacturers can focus on other issues, such as reducing cost, improving electrical/dimmer compatibility, eliminating flicker, or improving color quality. While these issues are not inherent to all products, they remain a concern for the broader market.

Royer, Michael P.; Beeson, Tracy A.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Neuroprotective and Neurotrophic Efficacy of Phytoestrogens in Cultured  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, at low concen- trations, phytoestrogens can induce proliferation of ER- positive MCF-7 cells of phytoestrogens on human breast cancer cell lines and in animal experiments. High concen- trations against two toxic insults, glutamate excito- toxicity and -amyloid25­35. Neuronal membrane damage

Brinton, Roberta Diaz

331

adjust efficacy estimates: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Entropy Estimation Vincent Q. Vu Mathematics Websites Summary: -likelihood, the Good-Turing coverage estimate and the total probability of unobserved words converge at rate OP...

332

A bovine model for evaluating efficacy of Pasteurella haemolytica biologics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

scores were given to each calf based on a scale for the following criteria: respiration, quality of respiration, nasal discharge, cough, temperature, attitude, appearance, appetite, posture, open mouthed breathing, weight gain, and diarrhea. Scores... markedly elevated 2 -Quality of Respiration normal labored 3 -Nasal discharge none light heavy (mucopurulent) 4 -Cough 5 -Temperature none normal productive/ sporadiac slightly elevated non-productive markedly elevated 6 -Attitude 7...

Harris, James Robert

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

OPERATIONAL NOTE AN OPEN-FIELD EFFICACY TRIAL USING AQUADUETTM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) downwind of the spray vehicle. Initial knockdown was 95.6%, with overall mortality .99% across all distances, despite low wind conditions. Volume median diameter (Dv0.5) and droplet density were 17.4 mm

334

Very high efficacy electrodeless high intensity discharge lamps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes an electrodeless arc lamp for forming a ring shaped plasma in a region therein during operation comprising a tube having a raised bottom center section, and an optically transparent outer jacket hermetically sealing the tube to protect the tube from cooling by convection. The raised center section rises centrally to form a ring shaped reservoir below the region in which the rig shaped plasma is formed to minimize wall cooling during operation of the lamp so that there is enhanced excitation near the center of the tube.

Johnson, P.D.

1987-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

335

Cree Sets New Benchmarks for LED Efficacy and Brightness  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Cree has successfully created a cool white LED prototype that delivers 107 lm/W at 350mA. This achievement builds on the Cree EZBright® LED chip platform, developed in part with prior funding support from DOE. Cree made the prototype LED under their DOE project focused on developing LED chips incorporating photonic crystal elements for improved light extraction and novel package technology for higher down-conversion efficiency compared to conventional LEDs. Based on a 1 millimeter-square chip, the new prototype LED produces white light with a CCT of 5500K and a CRI of 73. Integration of four of these prototype LEDs can produce luminous flux of more than 450 lumens.

336

The Efficacy of Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Orbital Pseudotumor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To review institutional outcomes for patients treated with external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for orbital pseudotumor. Methods and Materials: This is a single-institution retrospective review of 20 orbits in 16 patients diagnosed with orbital pseudotumor that received EBRT at the University of Oklahoma, Department of Radiation Oncology. Treated patients had a median follow-up of 16.5 months. Results: Fifteen patients (93.7%) were initially treated with corticosteroids. Eight had recurrence after steroid cessation, six were unable to taper corticosteroids completely or partially, and one experienced progression of symptoms despite corticosteroid therapy. Fourteen patients (87.5%) initially responded to radiotherapy indicated by clinical improvement of preradiation symptoms and/or tapering of corticosteroid dose. Mean EBRT dose was 20 Gy (range, 14-30 Gy). Thirteen patients (81.2%) continued to improve after radiation therapy. Patient outcomes were complete cessation of corticosteroid therapy in nine patients (56.3%) and reduced corticosteroid dose in four patients (25%). Radiotherapy did not achieve long-term control for three patients (18.7%), who still required preradiation corticosteroid dosages. Three patients received retreatment(s) of four orbits, of which two patients achieved long-term symptom control without corticosteroid dependence. One patient received retreatment to an orbit three times, achieving long-term control without corticosteroid dependence. No significant late effects have been observed in retreated patients. Conclusions: Radiotherapy is an effective treatment for acute symptomatic improvement and long-term control of orbital pseudotumor. Orbital retreatment can be of clinical benefit, without apparent increase in morbidity, when initial irradiation fails to achieve complete response.

Matthiesen, Chance, E-mail: chance-matthiesen@ouhsc.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Bogardus, Carl; Thompson, J. Spencer [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Farris, Bradley; Hildebrand, Lloyd; Wilkes, Byron [Dean A. McGee Eye Institute, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Syzek, Elizabeth; Algan, Ozer; Ahmad, Salahuddin; Herman, Terence [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Very high efficacy electrodeless high intensity discharge lamps  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrodeless arc lamp comprises an outer jacket hermetically sealing and thermally protecting an arc tube inside which has an upwardly convex bottom center section. The absence of chemically reactive electrode material makes it possible to use metal halides other than iodides. The tube contains chlorides, bromides or a mixture thereof of scandium and sodium in a nearly equimolar relationship in addition to mercury and an inert gas. Good color balance can be obtained at reduced reservoir temperature and with less power loss. Reduction in wall temperature makes it possible to attain longer lamp life.

Johnson, P.D.

1985-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

338

Very high efficacy electrodeless high intensity discharge lamps  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrodeless arc lamp comprises an outer jacket hermetically sealing and thermally protecting an arc tube inside which has an upwardly convex bottom center section. The absence of chemically reactive electrode material makes it possible to use metal halides other than iodides. The tube contains chlorides, bromides or a mixture thereof of scandium and sodium in a nearly equimolar relationship in addition to mercury and an inert gas. Good color balance can be obtained at reduced reservoir temperature and with less power loss. Reduction in wall temperature makes it possible to attain longer lamp life.

Johnson, Peter D. (Schenectady, NY)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Pharmacokinetics and Efficacy of Oxytetracycline in RLP-infected Abalone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to pathogen. Atomic absorption spectroscopy conducted onwe assessed, via atomic absorption/emission spectrometry,microwave digestion and atomic absorption spectrometry (

Tjeerdema, Ronald S.; Friedman, Carolyn S.; Moore, James D.; Viant, Mark R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Efficacy of oral altrenogest for postponing ovulation in the mare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(11) Treated NBM (3) Maria (3) TF (3) PC (4) NNN (4) MM (6) Lady (5) Snip (5) Babe (20) CC (11) Binky (14) Sparticus (18) Ashley (13) Mares were teased daily by a stallion confined to a teasing cage located...

Murrell, Sandra Lee

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Efficacy of dichlorvos in the control of murine acariasis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

80 60 40 20 DAYS 15 22 Fig. 2 23 Figure 3. Cholinesterase Levels in Treatment Group III. This group was exposed to 2 tsp. (8. 0 gm. ) of dichlorvos for 14 days. Average (closed circles), approximate standard error (vertical linea). 24 140...

Fraser, Clara Jane

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Determinism, Self-Efficacy, and the Phenomenology of Free Will  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some recent studies have suggested that belief in determinism tends to undermine moral motivation: subjects who are given determinist texts to read become more likely to cheat or engage in vindictive behaviour. One possible ...

Holton, Richard

343

Efficacy of soluble sodium tripolyphosphate amendments for the...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of soluble sodium tripolyphosphate amendments for the in-situ immobilisation of uranium."Environmental Chemistry 4:293-300. Authors: DM Wellman EM Pierce MM Valenta...

344

Influence of dietary composition on coccidiosis vaccination efficacy in broilers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). Coccidiosis is recognized as the parasitic disease that has the greatest economic impact on the commercial poultry industry. In 1995, it was estimated to cause a loss of approximately 40 million pounds on production in the UK of 625 million broilers...

Lee, Jason Thomas

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

345

High Efficacy Green LEDs by Polarization Controlled MOVPE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Amazing performance in GaInN/GaN based LEDs has become possible by advanced epitaxial growth on a wide variety of substrates over the last decade. An immediate push towards product development and worldwide competition for market share have effectively reduced production cost and generated substantial primary energy savings on a worldwide scale. At all times of the development, this economic pressure forced very fundamental decisions that would shape huge industrial investment. One of those major aspects is the choice of epitaxial growth substrate. The natural questions are to what extend a decision for a certain substrate will limit the ultimate performance and to what extent, the choice of a currently more expensive substrate such as native GaN could overcome any of the remaining performance limitations. Therefore, this project has set out to explore what performance characteristic could be achieved under the utilization of bulk GaN substrate. Our work was guided by the hypotheses that line defects such as threading dislocations in the active region should be avoided and the huge piezoelectric polarization needs to be attenuated – if not turned off – for higher performing LEDs, particularly in the longer wavelength green and deep green portions of the visible spectrum. At their relatively lower performance level, deep green LEDs are a stronger indicator of relative performance improvements and seem particular sensitive to the challenges at hand. The project therefore made use of recently developed non-polar and semipolar bulk GaN substrates that were made available at Kyma Technologies by crystallographic cuts from thick polar growth of GaN. This approach naturally leads to rather small pieces of substrates, cm along the long side while mm along the short one. Small size and limited volume of sample material therefore set the limits of the ensuing development work. During the course of the project we achieved green and deep green LEDs in all those crystal growth orientations: polar c-plane, non- polar a-plane, non-polar m-plane, and semipolar planes. The active region in those structures shows dramatically reduced densities of threading dislocations unless the wavelength was extended as far as 510 nm and beyond. With the appearance of such defects, the light output power dropped precipitously supporting the necessity to avoid any and all of such defects to reach the active region. Further aspects of the non-polar growth orientation proved extremely promising for the development of such structures. Chief among them is our success to achieve extremely uniform quantum wells in these various crystal orientations that prove devoid of any alloy fluctuation beyond the theoretical limit of a binominal distribution. This became very Rensselaer Wetzel DE?EE0000627 3 directly apparent in highly advanced atom probe tomography performed in collaboration at Northwestern University. Furthermore, under reduced or absence of piezoelectric polarization, green emitters in those growth geometries exhibit an unsurpassed wavelength stability over very wide excitation and drive current ranges. Such a performance had not been possible in any polar c-plane growth and now places green LEDs in terms of wavelength stability up par with typical 450 nm blue emitters. The project also incorporated enabling opportunities in the development of micro and nano- patterned substrate technologies. Originally developped as a means to enhance generated light extraction we have demonstrated that the method of nano-patterning, in contrast to micro- patterning also results in a substantial reduction of threading dislocation generation. In green LEDs, we thereby see equal contributions of enhanced light extraction and reduced defect generation to a threefold enhancement of the green light output power. These results have opened entirely new approaches for future rapid and low cost epitaxial material development by avoidance of thick defect accommodation layers. All methods developed within this project have meanwhile widely been publicized by the members o

Wetzel, Christian

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

346

DOE Publishes Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana. DOCUMENTSof Energy DOEDOEAVAILABLE ONLINEfor theDepartment ofPlanning |

347

Toward a Pluralistic Theory on Efficacious Patent Institution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the basis for the American patent system lies in both rightsEconomic Analysis Redefine Patent Law? , 4 J. P ROPRIETARY RA. Lemley, Policy Levers in Patent Law, 89 V A . L. R EV .

Lee, Nari

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Molecule Nanoweaver Improves Drug Delivery and Treatment Efficacy - Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment SurfacesResource ProgramModification andinterface of water.

349

SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists' Research |Regulation Services2014 Update |Department23 SPECIAL TERMSSPRSSL

350

Sandia National Laboratories: efficacy of dissolution trapping of CO2  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1development Sandia, NRELdeep-waterbiofuels economically

351

Sandia National Laboratories: efficacy of solubility trapping of CO2  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1development Sandia, NRELdeep-waterbiofuels economically

352

Sandia National Laboratories: high luminous efficacy of radiation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1development Sandia,evaluatingfull moduleresources gridstandby positionshighhigh

353

The efficacy of supplementing ethoxyquin in poultry feed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

peroxidation. Free radicals abstract hydmgen to achieve stability. In biological systems, they remove hydrogen from fatty acids, proteins, and DNA, and this in turn damages the structure and function of the cell (Slater, 1984). Cigarette smoke, pollutants... in cellular components (adapted from Freeman and Crapo, 1982) Species Os Os 'Os QH 0, ROPi NOs Name Dioxygen Superoxide Singlet Oxygen Hydrogen Peroxide Hydroxyl Radical Ozone Organic Peroxide Nitrogen Dioxide e'ectron transport system ay...

Srinivasan, Lavanya Janardan

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

An Analysis of Teacher Self-Efficacy, Teacher Trust, and Collective Efficacy in a Southwest Texas School District  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair of Committee, John Hoyle Committee Members, Virginia Collier Mario Torres Gwendolyn Webb-Hasan... for the advice, expertise, and support. ? Dr. John Hoyle, my chair, for your expert guidance and encouragement along the way. I could not have done it without you. ? Dr. Virginia Collier, Dr. Mario Torres, and Dr. Gwen Webb-Hasan, for sharing your time...

Ball, Jeanette

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

355

Compact fluorescent lamp applications in luxury hotels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the past several years, consumers, lighting designers, and energy conservationists have paid increasing attention to the special characteristics of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs). CFLs can typically be used to replace incandescent lamps of three to four times their own wattage, and their color rendering indices (CRIs)-80 to 85-make them virtually indistinguishable from incandescents. The typical 10,0000-hour life of a CFL often makes savings in labor its most desirable feature when compared to a shorter-lived incandescent lamp.

Gilleskie, R.J.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Creating computer generated scene lighting in the style of Edward Hopper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interior illumination to be the sole, dramatic source of light.”[12] The bright yellow incandescent light is the main source of light in the scene. Inside the right window, there is a shaded lamp that locally emits red light. Comparing the color... of the two window shades, the incandescent light is positioned a bit left of the center of the room. Most of the shading in the room and the building’s interior made by the incandescent light is clear. There seems to be no light source coming from...

Jo, Hee Yeon

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

357

Design and implementation of a solar power system in rural Haiti  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes the design and implementation of a solar power system for a school and health center in Petit-Anse, Haiti. The end-use applications are lighting via a set of fluorescent and incandescent bulbs, and a ...

Hussam, Shaheer M. (Shaheer Muqtasid), 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Newsletter 5  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

interest in science. Depicted is an experiment where a kitchen battery powers a light emitting diode (LED). The Parkers found that an incandescent light bulb would not light, but...

359

Have You Found Any Energy-Efficient Bargains? | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

They're more durable than incandescent bulbs, with lamps typically made out of solid plastic rather than glass Because they use less power, it is safer to connect multiple...

360

DuraLamp USA: Order (2010-CE-0912)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE ordered DuraLamp USA, Inc. to pay a $2,500 civil penalty after finding DuraLamp USA had failed to certify that model PAR 30, an incandescent reflector lamp, complies with the applicable energy conservation standards.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR®  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This May 19, 2009 webcast summarized CALiPER's recent benchmark testing of common omnidirectional incandescent lamps (e.g., A-lamps), and provided an update on ENERGY STAR criteria for LED integral...

362

Westinghouse Lighting: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-09/1001)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Westinghouse Lighting Corporation failed to certify various flourescent and incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

363

Westinghouse Lighting: Order (2010-CE-09/1001)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE ordered Westinghouse Lighting Corporation to pay a $50,000 civil penalty after finding Westinghouse Lighting had failed to certify that certain models of general service flourescent and incandescent reflector lamps comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

364

Color Scanner Performance Tradeoffs G. Sharma and H.J. Trussell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from the viewing illuminant (often incandescent light/ daylight), it is difficult to design realizable error. However, such a formulation 9 does not yield a closed form solution and is therefore not very

Sharma, Gaurav

365

Plant Physiol. (1983) 73, 4504510 0032-0889/83/73/0450/02/$00.50/0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wrapped around 20-w cool white fluorescent tubes. For far-red light (730 nm peak, 15 nm half band width-w incandescent bulb was filtered through No. 2025 Plexiglas (Rohm and Hass, Inc.). Irradiance levels

Decoteau, Dennis R.

366

Comparison of Test Procedures and Energy Efficiency Criteria in Selected International Standards and Labeling Programs for Clothes Washers, Water Dispensers, Vending Machines and CFLs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

top_runner//tr_fluorescent_light_bulb_jul.2009.pdf NiskinSubcommittee Final Report (bulb type fluorescent lamp). ”Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) are an efficient lighting alternative to traditional incandescent light bulbs

Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Be Environmentally Responsible! Minimize the amount of cardboard boxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of incandescent bulbs Use recycled products that are recyclable More info? Visit recycle.ucmerced.edu WHAT resident to access the internet and Wireless Internet WHAT'S INCLUDED? WHAT YOU SHOULD LEAVE AT HOME · Pets

Westerling, Anthony L.

368

Energy 101: Lighting Choices | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in your home to energy-saving incandescent, compact fluorescent lamp (CFL), or light emitting diode (LED) bulbs could save you about 50 per year. For more information on lighting...

369

Microsoft Word - SWMU 39 Revised SAR CY 2004  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4, 2005 the newly discovered waste removed from this area consists of one broken incandescent light bulb. This item was labeled as hazardous waste and placed into a Satellite...

370

How Do You Save on Lighting Costs? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

LED lights are six to seven times more energy efficient than conventional incandescent lights, cut energy use by more than 80 percent and can last more than 25 times...

371

Resolve to Save Energy This Year | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

STAR bulbs, you could save 75 a year in energy costs. Compared to traditional incandescent bulbs, compact fluorescent bulbs can yield as much as 75 percent energy savings and...

372

CX-010755: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Final Rule to Exempt 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conversion Standards CX(s) Applied: A5 Date: 08/02/2013 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Golden Field Office

373

Have You Used LED Light Strings? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

read about LED holiday light strings, which can use 90% less energy than regular incandescent light strings. You may even be able to save on the initial costs with rebates from...

374

What Light Bulbs Do You Use in Your Home? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Blackout? LED lights are six to seven times more energy efficient than conventional incandescent lights, cut energy use by more than 80 percent and can last more than 25 times...

375

Veeco  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(LEDs), has the potential to be 10 times more energy-efficient than traditional incandescent light bulbs. Currently, 20% of energy usage in the U.S. goes to lighting. SSL...

376

DOE Publishes Final Rule for the Request for Exclusion of 100...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the Request for Exclusion of 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conservation Standards DOE Publishes Final Rule for the Request for Exclusion of 100 Watt...

377

Sailing into the Mainstream of Energy and Water Efficiency, Affordably...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

I entered the room, I checked all of the light fixtures (yes, I'm odd in that way). Incandescent light bulbs were in all the sockets. However, when I flushed the toilet, I heard...

378

Trojan: Order (2011-CE-2704)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE ordered Trojan, Inc. to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Trojan had failed to certify that certain models of incandescent reflector lamps comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

379

Microsoft Word - SAR 206 3-10-06  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the storage of non-conforming RCRA items (respirator canisters, a lead fuse, broken incandescent light bulbs, a can of dried Pistol Pete Solvent Cement, and a can of dried Rector...

380

Topstar International: Order (2011-CE-2703)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE ordered Topstar International, Inc. to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Topstar International had failed to certify that certain models of incandescent reflector lamps comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

on its head, and perhaps in the not-too-distant future make the century-old incandescent light bulb go the way of the dinosaur. June 11, 2009 What Small Improvements Have...

382

CX-010744: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Final Rule to Exempt 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conversion Standards CX(s) Applied: A5 Date: 08/02/2013 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Golden Field Office

383

Lighting the Way to Serious Savings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

lighting, you can take a big bite out of that cost. Upgrading 15 of the inefficient incandescent light bulbs in your home could save you about 50 per year. Plus, most of the...

384

How Much Energy does Your TV Set Use? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- 5:49am Addthis This week, Andrea compared the energy use of TVs with traditional incandescent light bulbs and talked about the heat coming off her TV set. We've talked about TV...

385

CX-006337: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the Police Station with a more energy efficient boiler, and 6) implementation of an incandescent light-bulb trade-in program for low-income households. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR...

386

EiKO: Order (2011-CE-2702)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE ordered EiKO Ltd. - North America to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding EiKO had failed to certify that certain models of incandescent reflector lamps comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

387

Lighting Market Sourcebook for the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2.1.4. Residential Lamp Types 2.1.5. Wattage, Hours of Use,all lamp types (mostly incandescent) in all other wattageWattage Category Energy Use (hours per day) lamp types)

Vorsatz, D.; Shown, L.; Koomey, J.; Moezzi, M.; Denver, A.; Atkinson, B.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 15 (2004) 16651670 PII: S0957-4484(04)85144-4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was measured in situ by time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TR-LII) and ex situ by rapid thermophoretic distribution and particle morphology was also examined by rapid thermophoretic particle sampling

Lorke, Axel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Commercialization of gallium nitride nanorod arrays on silicon for solid-state lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One important component in energy usage is lighting, which is currently dominated by incandescent and fluorescent lamps. However, due to potentially higher efficiencies and thus higher energy savings, solid-state lighting ...

Wee, Qixun

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

10-04-2010 CA-B-10-0154  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4 Sandia National LaboratoriesCalifornia (SNLCA) will develop a novel fieldable laser-induced incandescence sensor to measure black carbon (BC) and brown carbon (BrC) organic...

391

University of Knoxville Environmental Health and Safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the day Turn off computers at the end of the day Wrapped water heaters with insulating jackets Lowered water heater temperatures Replaced incandescent bulbs with CFL Installed weather stripping along

Tennessee, University of

392

Efficiency and Sustainability Environmental Health and Safety embraces the principles of sustainability and efficiency. We  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heaters with jacket f. Lower water heater temperatures g. Replaced incandescent bulbs with CFL h. Install. Turn off power strip at the end of the day d. Turn off computers at the end of the day e. Wrapped water

Tennessee, University of

393

Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of LED Lighting Products  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This March 28, 2013 webcast reviewed DOE's recently completed three-part study of the life-cycle energy and environmental impacts of LED lighting products relative to incandescent and CFL...

394

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

light bulb retrofits, and 5) incandescent traffic signal replacement with light-emitting diode technology Conditions: None Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: A9, A11, B1.32,...

395

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the country. December 1, 2009 Save Money with LED Holiday Light Strings LED (or light emitting diode) light strings can use 90% less energy than regular incandescent light strings....

396

2 Masers and Lasers January 31, 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, a candle, an incandescent bulb, or a fluorescent source, is the result of incoherent emission of light from of Radiation) that extended the existence of coherent sources right into the ultraviolet spectrum

Thouless, David

397

2011 Rutgers Faraday Children's Lecture Crew ReichertJon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Continuous "black body spectrum" from incandescent light bulb hydrogen fluorescent light What they saw. ROY G. Disk jumps out of changing magnetic field region. Induced current lights bulb. #12;Prof. Chuck Keeton

Glashausser, Charles

398

Lesson Summary In this lesson, students will find and calculate the angle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

white light source (incandescent light bulb, not fluorescent) · Copies of Astronomy Today or Sky of electromagnetic spectrum · Understanding of light and prisms · Experience with angle measurements · Experience

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

399

Power factor and harmonic distortion characteristics of energy efficient lamps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper evaluates the performance of a new class of lamps which are generally classified as the energy-saving lamps. It is shown that, when compared with the incandescent lamps, these lamps indeed consume less real power and have higher relative illumination. However, the energy-saving lamps operate at a low power factor and produce current distortion which are much higher than the distortion produced by the traditional incandescent lamps.

Etezadi-Amoli, M.; Florence, T.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Downlight Demonstration Program: Hilton Columbus Downtown  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) estimates that there were about 700 million downlight luminaires installed in residential and commercial buildings in the U.S. as of 2012, with light-emitting diode (LED) luminaires representing less than 1% of this installed base. Downlight luminaires using conventional incandescent, halogen, and compact fluorescent lamps have lower efficacies and shorter expected lifetimes than comparable LED systems, but the lower initial cost of the conventional technology and the uncertainties associated with the newer LED technology have restricted widespread adoption of LED downlight luminaires. About 278 tBtu of energy could be saved annually if LED luminaires were to saturate the downlight market, equating to an annual energy cost savings of $2.6 billion. This report summarizes an evaluation of LED recessed downlight luminaires in the guest rooms at the Hilton Columbus Downtown hotel in Columbus, OH. The facility opened in October of 2012, and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) conducted a post-occupancy assessment of the facility in January–March of 2014. Each of the 484 guest rooms uses seven 15 W LED downlights: four downlights in the entry and bedroom and three downlights in the bathroom. The 48 suites use the seven 15 W LED downlights and additional fixtures depending on the space requirements, so that in total the facility has more than 3,700 LED downlights. The downlights are controlled through wall-mounted switches and dimmers. A ceiling-mounted vacancy sensor ensures that the bathroom luminaires are turned off when the room is not occupied.

Davis, Robert G.; Perrin, Tess E.

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Efficacy of Consumer-Available Antimicrobials for the Disinfection of Pathogen Contaminated Green Bell Pepper and Efficacy of Consumer Cleaning Methods for the Decontamination of Knives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and immersed in 3% (v/v) hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), 2.5% (v/v) acetic acid, 70% (v/v) ethyl alcohol (EtOH), or sterile distilled water (SDW) for various lengths of time. Following treatment, samples were immersed for 30 s in a neutralizer solution. For study 2...

Perez, Keila Lizth

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

402

Cost effective lighting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long-life replacement lamps for the incandescent lamp have been evaluated with regard to their cost effectiveness. The replacements include the use of energy buttons that extend lamp life as well as an adaptive fluorescent circline lamp that will fit into existing incandescent lamp sockets. The initial, operating, and replacement costs for one million lumen-hours are determined for each lamp system. We find the most important lighting cost component is the operating cost. Using lamps that are less efficient or devices that cause lamps to operate less efficiently are not cost-effective. The adaptive fluorescent circline lamp, even at an initial cost of $15.00, is the most cost effective source of illumination compared to the incandescent lamp and lamp systems examined. 3 refs., 6 tabs.

Morse, O.; Verderber, R.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

DOXORUBICIN EFFICACY AND DHA 1 Differential sensitization of cancer cells to doxorubicin by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Bethesda) for the gift of resistant cell line MCF-7dox used in this study. We thank Lysiane BOULAY-MB-231 and MCF-7dox (a doxorubicin resistant cell line) but not the parental MCF-7 cell line. DHA study, we observed that doxorubicin chemosensitization of breast cancer cell lines by docosahexaenoic

Boyer, Edmond

404

On the efficacy of imploding plasma liners for magnetized fusion target compression  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new theoretical model is formulated to study the idea of merging a spherical array of converging plasma jets to form a 'plasma liner' that further converges to compress a magnetized plasma target to fusion conditions [Y. C. F. Thio et al., 'Magnetized target fusion in a spheroidal geometry with standoff drivers', Current Trends in International Fusion Research II, edited by E. Panarella (National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 1999)]. For a spherically imploding plasma liner shell with high initial Mach number (M=liner speed/sound speed) the rise in liner density with decreasing radius r goes as {rho}{approx}1/r{sup 2}, for any constant adiabatic index {gamma}=d ln p/d ln {rho}. Accordingly, spherical convergence amplifies the ram pressure of the liner on target by the factor A{approx}C{sup 2}, indicating strong coupling to its radial convergence C=r{sub m}/R, where r{sub m}(R)=jet merging radius (compressed target radius), and A=compressed target pressure/initial liner ram pressure. Deuterium-tritium (DT) plasma liners with initial velocity {approx}100 km/s and {gamma}=5/3, need to be hypersonic M{approx}60 and thus cold in order to realize values of A{approx}10{sup 4} necessary for target ignition. For optically thick DT liners, T<2 eV, n>10{sup 19}-10{sup 20} cm{sup -3}, blackbody radiative cooling is appreciable and may counteract compressional heating during the later stages of the implosion. The fluid then behaves as if the adiabatic index were depressed below 5/3, which in turn means that the same amplification A=1.6x10{sup 4} can be accomplished with a reduced initial Mach number M{approx_equal}12.7({gamma}-0.3){sup 4.86}, valid in the range (10

Parks, P. B. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5688 (United States)

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

405

E-Print Network 3.0 - assess safety efficacy Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Long-Term Safety of Deep Brain Stimulation In the Treatment of Movement Disorders C. Kenney, MD, R. Simpson, MD, PhD, C. Hunter, RN, W. Ondo, MD, Summary: College of Medicine,...

406

Enhancing self-efficacy to enable entrepreneurship: The case of CMI’s Connections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhancing levels of innovation and entrepreneurship to grow a more competitive economy is the focus of much government effort. Attention is paid to changing a culture seen as antagonistic to entrepreneurship through ...

Lucas, William A.

2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

407

Efficacy of short-term administration of altrenogest to postpone ovulation in mares  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, would sufficiently suppress LH thereby delaying ovulation. The objective of this experiment was to elucidate the potential for oral administration of altrenogest (17-Allyl-17phydroxyestra-4,9,1 1-trien-3-one) to postpone ovulation of a preovulatory...

James, Aida Nioma

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

408

The efficacy of marker-assisted-selection for grain mold resistance in sorghum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, codominant markers only ............. 39 16 Proportion of total markers polymorphic, by population ................................ 40 17 Analysis of variance for QTL effects across all environments and populations, linkage group D............................................................................ 41 18 Analysis of variance for QTL effects across all environments and populations, linkage group E ......................................................................... 41 19 Analysis of variance for QTL effects across all...

Franks, Cleve Douglas

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

409

The efficacy of monensin as a coccidiostat, and its effect on feed efficiency in Angora goats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were treated and remained in good condition with healthy fleeces. Angora goat production generally follows the same management practices utilized in raising sheep (Baker, 1975 and Shelcon, 1965). Does are maintained on range until parturition when... they may be penned for supplemental feeding and protection from predators. The does and their kids are released when the kids are strong enough to fol- low the doe--usually about two weeks of age. Confinement at this age usually presents little or no p...

Hinkle, Marilyn Lee

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Efficacy of Low Level Laser Therapy After Hand Flexor Tendon Repair  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flexor tendon injury is a common problem requiring suturing repair followed by early postoperative mobilization. Muscle atrophy, joint stiffness, osteoarthritis, infection, skin necrosis, ulceration of joint cartilage and tendocutaneous adhesion are familiar complications produced by prolonged immobilization of surgically repaired tendon ruptures. The purpose of this study was to clarify the importance of low level laser therapy after hand flexor tendon repair in zone II. Thirty patients aging between 20 and 40 years were divided into two groups. Patients in group A (n = 15) received a conventional therapeutic exercise program while patients in group B (n = 15) received low level laser therapy combined with the same therapeutic exercise program. The results showed a statistically significant increase in total active motion of the proximal and distal interphalangeal joints as well as maximum hand grip strength at three weeks and three months postoperative, but improvement was more significant in group B. It was concluded that the combination of low level laser therapy and early therapeutic exercises was more effective than therapeutic exercises alone in improving total active motion of proximal and distal interphalangeal joints and hand grip strength after hand flexor tendon repair.

Ayad, K. E.; Abd El Mejeed, S. F. [Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University (Egypt); El Gohary, H. M.; Abd Elrahman, M.; Bekheet, A. B. [Al Sahel Teaching Hospital, Cairo (Egypt)

2009-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

411

Efficacy of geoengineering to limit 21st century sea-level rise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; b Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, PL122, 96100 Rovaniemi, Finland; c Thule Institute, University of Oulu, PL3000, 90014 Oulun Yliopisto, Finland; d National Oceanography Centre, Joseph Proudman aerosol injection into the strato- sphere, mirrors in space, afforestation, biochar, and bioenergy

Moore, John

412

Identification of factors which affect competitive exclusion culture establishment and efficacy in commercial poultry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the concept of CE was not seriously investigated until the early 1970's. A Salmonella infantis outbreak occurred in Finland's broiler flocks in 1971 resulted in 277 human illnesses which were diagnosed to be caused by the same serotype as was found... in infected poultry flocks (Nurmi and Rantala, 1973) This initiated investigations at Finland's National Vetennary Institute in 1972 that were very instrumental in developing the modern concept of CE that is practiced today. In these experiments the concept...

McReynolds, Jackson Lee

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Efficacy and mode of action of propiconazol against Phymatotrichum omnivorum on cotton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(5) . This represents approximately 87 million U. S. dollars. Losses result from the death of plants and consequent loss of seed and reduction in quality of lint obtained. Many methods have been tried in the past to minimize losses due to P... was obtained rom plants manifesting symptoms of the disease, Poz that reason I will use the name P. amnivorum throughout this caper. The disease. The disease cotton root rot has many names. It has been known in the past as Texas zoot zot, Czonium root rot...

Mathieson, John Todd

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Does Nursing Student Self-efficacy Correlate with Knowledge When Using Human Patient Simulation?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at Los Angeles, 700 Tiverton Ave. , Factor Building Rm. 3-at Los Angeles, 700 Tiverton Ave. , Factor Building Rm. 3-

Shinnick, MA; Woo, MA

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Therapeutic efficacy of potent neutralizing HIV-1-specific monoclonal antibodies in SHIV-infected rhesus monkeys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-specific monoclonal antibodies with extraordinary potency and breadth have recently been described. In humanized mice, combinations of monoclonal antibodies have been shown to ...

Barouch, Dan H.

416

Efficacy of DVD Technology in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Self- Management Education of Rural Patients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(chronic bronchitis) and parenchyma destruction (emphysema), the relative contributions of which differ from person to person (Buist et al., 2007). This causes an obstruction of air leaving the lungs, and consequently, prolonged episodes of coughing..., 2001). Exacerbations are defined as events in COPD characterized by change in patients? baseline dyspnea, cough, chest tightness and/or sputum that is beyond normal day-to-day variations and acute in onset (Burge & Wedzicha, 2003). Lung infections...

Stellefson, Michael L.

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

417

The Efficacy of Radiation Therapy in the Treatment of Graves' Orbitopathy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To review our institutional outcomes of patients treated with radiation therapy (RT) for Graves' orbitopathy (GO), assess the role of orbital reirradiation, and identify prognostic factors of complete response (CR). Methods and Materials: This is a retrospective review of 211 patients who presented with a diagnosis of GO and received RT between January 2000-2010. RT dose was 20 Gy in 10 fractions. Patient median age was 51 years (range, 15-84 years), median follow-up was 11 months (range, 1-88 months). Patient symptoms included any combination of proptosis (90.9%), extraocular muscle dysfunction (78.9%), soft tissue signs (68.4%), and diplopia (58.4%). Corticosteroids were used as first-line therapy in 20.6% of patients. Among those who achieved either CR or partial response (PR), prognostic factors were evaluated. Results: Stabilization of disease without recurrence was clinically achieved overall in 202 patients (96.7%). At the completion of RT, 176 patients (84.2%) reported a symptomatic improvement of pretreatment symptoms. CR of GO symptoms was achieved using multiple treatment modalities, including RT by 93 patients (44.5%), of which 32 patients received RT only. Corticosteroids were discontinued in 97.8% of patients who received them as initial therapy. Surgical intervention following radiotherapy was required for 144 (68.9%) of all patients. Fourteen patients received orbital reirradiation for persistent or recurrent symptoms. Five of these achieved a CR, and the other nine achieved disease stabilization but retained persistent ocular symptoms. Long-term side effects of RT included dry eyes (12%). Of the prognostic factors we investigated, only gender predicted CR, which was less common in men (33.9%) than in women (49.7%) p = 0.0471. Conclusions: Orbital radiation for GO is an established treatment modality for patients. Orbital reirradiation is beneficial for patients who do not respond to initial RT or experience symptom recurrence without an apparent risk of increased morbidity.

Matthiesen, Chance, E-mail: chance-matthiesen@ouhsc.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Thompson, J. Spencer [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Thompson, David [Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Farris, Bradley; Wilkes, Byron [Dean A. McGee Eye Institute, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Ahmad, Salahuddin; Herman, Terence; Bogardus, Carl [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Efficacy of Ultraviolet Light and Antimicrobials to Reduce Listeria monocytogenes in Chill Brines.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Chill brines used in ready-to-eat meat processing may be an important source of post-processing contamination by Listeria monocytogenes. The purpose of this study was to… (more)

Parikh, Priti P.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

The influence of parenting style and ethnicity on academic self-efficacy and academic performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the help and support provided by the TAMU Pediatric/Clinical Child Research Team that I was able to complete my research. My research project was also largely enabled by the funding provided Office of Honors Programs and Scholarships. I would like... Sciences (SPSS). Presented material to audiences of a wide knowledge base. Met weekly with faculty/graduate student research group Research Assistant Fall 2004 Advisor: Tobyn Kyte, M.S. (Charles Samuelson, Ph.D., Faculty Mentor) Studied how goals influence...

Chandler, Megan

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

420

Development of Best Practices for Shell Egg Disinfection Based upon Efficacy and Egg Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study was conducted to compare current commercial egg sanitizers to new technologies developed to improve egg safety and quality. Objectives included: 1) conduct a survey on current industry egg washing practices along with a microbial survey...

Al-Ajeeli, Morouj N

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Comparative efficacy of ultrasound-guided and stimulating popliteal-sciatic perineural catheters for postoperative analgesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ; bolus 4 mL; 30 min lockout) was infused postoperatively.bolus of 4 mL; 30 min lockout interval). Subjects were

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

The grapefruit flavonoid naringenin as a Hepatitis C virus therapy : efficacy, mechanism and delivery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection accounts for approximately 40% of chronic liver disease in the United States and results in an estimated 8,000-10,000 deaths annually. Simulations suggest that in the next decade morbidity ...

Goldwasser, Jonathan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

POLYPHENYLENESULFIED/MONTOMORILLONITE CLAY NANOCOMPOSITE COATINGS: THEIR EFFICACY IN PROTECTING STEEL AGAINST CORROSION.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanoscale montomorillonite (MMT) clay fillers became dispersed in a polyphenylenesulfied (PPS) matrix through the processes of octadecylamine (ODA) intercalation {yields} molten PPS co-intercalation {yields} exfoliation. Cooling this molten exfoliated material led to the formation of a PPS/MMT nanocomposite. The MMT nanofiller conferred three advanced properties on the semi-crystalline PPS: First, it raised its melting point by nearly 40 C to 290 C; second, it increased its crystallization energy, implying that an excellent adherence of the nanofillers surfaces to PPS in terms of a good interfacial bond; and, third, it abated the degree of its hydrothermal oxidation due to sulfide {yields} sulfite linkage transformations. When this advanced PPS nanocomposite was used as a corrosion-preventing coating for carbon steel in a simulated geothermal environment at 300 C, a coating of {approx}150 {micro}m thickness adequately protected the steel against hot brine-caused corrosion. In contrast, an MMT-free PPS coating of similar thickness was not nearly as effective in mitigating corrosion as was the nanocompsite; in fact, the uptake of corrosive ionic electrolyte by the unmodified coating increased with an extending exposure time.

SUGAMA, T.; GAWLIK, K.

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Intergenerational parallelism of self-efficacy: moderating variables, mediating variables, and common antecedents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by only one of the generations (Kaplan and Liu 1999). Parents? reports regarding adolescents? behaviors (and vice versa) are often affected by the reporters? own perspectives on the target objects, and thus the phenomenon of intergenerational...

Lin, Cheng-Hsien

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

Investigation of polyethlyene passive samplers' efficacy in deducing sediment pore water concentrations of PCBs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polychlorinated biphenyl compounds (PCBs) were manufactured between 1929 and 1977 as heat exchange fluids, flame retardants, and pesticide extenders, among other uses. About 450 million pounds of PCBs are estimated to have ...

Follett, Elizabeth (Elizabeth Marie)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Pretreatment levels of bone turnover and the antifracture efficacy of alendronate: The fracture intervention trial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Cal- cif Tissue Int 65:359–in postmeno- pausal osteoporosis. J Bone Miner Res 12:624–among women without osteoporosis at baseline. Although they

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Safety and efficacy of NovaSil clay as a dietary supplement to prevent aflatoxicosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of aflatoxins. Although statistically significant changes to a few parameters were noted, the differences did not appear to be NSP- or dose-dependent, suggesting that NSP at dietary inclusion levels as great as 2.0% (w/w) does not produce overt toxicity. Thus...

Afriyie-Gyawu, Evans

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

428

Efficacy of Typhula phacorrhiza as a biocontrol agent of grey snow mould of creeping bentgrass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be achieved with such chemicals, the cost of applying fungicides coupled with health and environmental to suppress disease. No strong correlations were found between in vitro growth characteristics and field performance; however, significant positive correlations were found between the disease suppression trials

Hsiang, Tom

429

Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) for liver metastasis: therapeutic efficacy in an experimental model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) was proposed for untreatable colorectal liver metastases. The present study evaluates tumor control and potential radiotoxicity of BNCT in an experimental model of liver metastasis. BDIX rats were inoculated with syngeneic colon cancer cells DHD/K12/TRb. Tumor-bearing animals were divided into three groups: BPA–BNCT, boronophenylalanine (BPA) ? neutron irradiation; Beam only, neutron irradiation; Sham, matched manipulation. The total absorbed dose administered with BPA–BNCT was 13 ± 3 Gy in tumor and 9 ± 2 Gy in healthy liver. Three weeks posttreatment, the tumor surface area post-treatment/pre-treatment ratio was 0.46 ± 0.20 for BPA–BNCT, 2.7 ± 1.8 for Beam only and 4.5 ± 3.1 for Sham. The pre-treatment tumor nodule mass of 48 ± 19 mgfell significantly to 19 ± 16 mg for BPA–BNCT, but rose significantly to 140 ± 106 mg for Beam only and to 346 ± 302 mg for Sham. For both end points, the differences between the BPA–BNCT group and each of the other groups were statistically significant (ANOVA). No clinical, macroscopic or histological normal liver radiotoxicity was observed. It is concluded that BPA– BNCT induced a significant remission of experimental colorectal tumor nodules in liver with no contributory liver toxicity.

David W. Nigg

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Efficacy, national/international practices and motivational factors of lifelong driver education for the aging population  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a society facing a significant increase in its aging population, older driver education/training is emerging as a potential solution to help seniors drive more safely, thus maintaining their mobility and quality of life. ...

Israels, Richard (Richard Steven)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing antimalarial efficacy Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

networks, such as the WorldWide antimalarial... and antimalarial resistance, and optimising treatments for pregnant women melioidosis - conducting clinical... treatments,...

432

Influence of top removal on tebuthiuron efficacy for live oak control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/ha at several dates following shredding on April 14, 1983 near Edna, Texas. Tebuthiuron applied (months after shredding) Shredded Date pr1 1983 ct. pri 1984 Nov. Evaluation date 1985 uy9 No 10. 3 c-j 8. 6 a-i 10. 8 c-j 7. 7 a-h 9. 8 b-i Yes... control compared to response of undisturbed live oak. On April 14, 1983 forty plots were established half of which were shredded. Tebuthiuron at 2. 2 kg/ha as 3. 2 mm diameter pellets (20% active ingredient) was applied to undisturbed and shredded...

Swetish, Stephen Michael

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Equalization of Synaptic Efficacy by Activity-and Timing-Dependent Synaptic Plasticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

local synaptic strengths to compensate for global attenuation. I N T R O D U C T I O N The impact. 1981; Korn et al. 1993; Magee and Cook 2000; Smith et al. 2003; Stricker et al. 1996; Triller et al

Columbia University

434

Written emotional expression and health: efficacy of treatment implementation via mail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

investigated whether administering writing assignments over email instead of having participants come in to the lab to write (as in previous studies) would produce health benefits. Individual differences between participants were also examined, but were...

Brown, Erin Leigh

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

435

E-Print Network 3.0 - art clinical efficacy Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

provides access to expensive state-of-the-art... research. Scientists working in the NIH Intramural ... Source: National Institutes of Health, Laboratory of Functional and...

436

Phytotoxicity and Efficacy of Rhapsody (Bacillus subtilis) for Control of Botrytis cinerea on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Dept. of Env. Hort., University of California, Davis TRIAL TYPE:(check one) cold storage, container/IRRIGATION RECORDS: Plants were watered three times with half-strength Hoagland's solution during 35-day cold storage watered three times with half-strength Hoagland's solution during the 35-day cold storage period

Lieth, J. Heinrich

437

Potential Improvements in Shock-Mitigation Efficacy of a Polyurea-Augmented Advanced Combat Helmet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

polyurea internal lining/external coating to the ACH shell. Effectiveness of different ACH designsTBI. Keywords Advanced Combat Helmet, internal lining/external coating, traumatic brain injury 1. Introduction that as advanced body armor and head protection gear have greatly reduced soldier fatalities from explosion

Grujicic, Mica

438

Simulation to assess the efficacy of US airport entry scrreening of passengers for pandemic influenza  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present our methodology and stochastic discrete-event simulation developed to model the screening of passengers for pandemic influenza at the US port-of-entry airports. Our model uniquely combines epidemiology modelling, evolving infected states and conditions of passengers over time, and operational considerations of screening in a single simulation. The simulation begins with international aircraft arrivals to the US. Passengers are then randomly assigned to one of three states -- not infected, infected with pandemic influenza and infected with other respiratory illness. Passengers then pass through various screening layers (i.e. pre-departure screening, en route screening, primary screening and secondary screening) and ultimately exit the system. We track the status of each passenger over time, with a special emphasis on false negatives (i.e. passengers infected with pandemic influenza, but are not identified as such) as these passengers pose a significant threat as they could unknowingly spread the pandemic influenza virus throughout our nation.

Mcmahon, Benjamin [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Improving the delivery and efficacy of molecular medicine via extracellular matrix modulation : insights from intravital microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The extracellular matrix of tumors is a major barrier to the delivery of molecular medicine. We used fluorescence recovery after photobleaching combined with intravital microscopy to quantitate the transport properties of ...

McKee, Trevor David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Long-Term Efficacy of Lansoprazole in Preventing Relapse of Erosive Reflux Esophagitis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meuwissen SG. Helicobacter pylori, proton pump inhibitorsas healing status, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) status,in category; H. pylori Helicobacter pylori; SD: standard

Kovacs, Thomas O.; Freston, James W.; Haber, Marian M.; Hunt, Barbara; Atkinson, Stuart; Peura, David A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The efficacy of systematic, explicit literacy instruction in kindergarten and first grade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This investigation examined the extent to which teacher implemented systematic, explicit instruction affected the literacy achievement of kindergarten and first grade students. Two cohorts of students in a southwestern United States school district...

Dean, Emily Ocker

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

442

EFFICACY OF FILTRATION PROCESSES TO OBTAIN WATER CLARITY AT K EAST SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL (SNF) BASIN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective is to provide water clarity to the K East Basin via filtration processes. Several activities are planned that will challenge not only the capacity of the existing ion exchange modules to perform as needed but also the current filtration system to maintain water clarity. Among the planned activities are containerization of sludge, removal of debris, and hydrolasing the basin walls to remove contamination.

DUNCAN JB

2006-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

443

Contributions of Emotional Intelligence, Mentoring and Self-Efficacy to Academic Success and Addictions Treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methods were divided into ten sections, each of which had aFor each of the ten sections, I ran bivariate correlationsSection Eight Section Nine Section Ten N = 162 (Female n =

Bayne, Melissa L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Young drivers and the efficacy of the Texas drug and alcohol driving awareness program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, PI offenses and DUI/DWI offenses attributed to a group. When adjusted for group size, participants who did not receive TDADAP instruction had 53% more convictions than the TDADAP participants. With regard to alcohol-related accidents, findings were...

Darnell, Richard

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

445

1 Evaluating Efficacy of an Environmental Policy to Prevent Biological 2 Invasions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Great Lakes Laboratory for Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 867 Lakeshore1. 8 § Fisheries and Oceans Canada/Transport Canada Marine Safety, 100 Front Street South, Sarnia, however, is a challenging task even for intensively regulated 44 industries for which decades of data

Leung, Brian

446

Evaluation and synthesis of methods for measuring system engineering efficacy with a project and organization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The need for robust systems engineering in product development has been understood by those developing product in the aerospace and defense industries since the days of the Atlas ballistic missile program. In recent times ...

Flynn, Timothy Daniel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

An Evaluation of the Interactive Effects of Feedback Sequence and Timing on Efficacy and Preference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feedback is an effective method for increasing employee performance in a wide range of settings, although questions remain regarding the most effective characteristics of feedback. Despite the fact that there is little research on the sequence...

Henley, Amy Jessica

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

448

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessor-blind comparative efficacy Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Utilization 98 Summary and future perspectives Numerous publications identify that gout management is often sub-optimal, despite detailed Summary: ) as first-choice...

449

E-Print Network 3.0 - arthritis forty-eight-week efficacy Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the rich... ', as opposed to rheumatism, an arthritis of the poor' 1. In history, gout seems a common disease, and many Source: Groningen, Rijksuniversiteit - Centre for...

450

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing treatment efficacy Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Medicine 34 Summary and future perspectives Numerous publications identify that gout management is often sub-optimal, despite detailed Summary: of benzbromarone in gout...

451

Analysis of the efficacy of a constructed wetland in treating human fecal contamination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The efficiency of a system of constructed wetlands in treating non-point source pollution, particularly, human fecal contamination, was evaluated by collecting and analyzing water samples using both conventional culture-based ...

Kondepudi, Kathyayani Shobhna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Page 1 of 10 Evaluation of Efficacy and Phytotoxicity of "SubCulture"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as part of accepted best management practices (BMPs). General Hydroponics (P. O. Box 1576, Sebastopol, CA

Lieth, J. Heinrich

453

Efficacy and Safety of Statin Monotherapy in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

antihypertensive therapies (8), coronary artery bypass grafting (9), and percutaneous coronary intervention (10

Terasaki, Mark

454

The Efficacy of SEER as a Seasonal Performance Measure for Different Climates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Difference Between Detailed Simulation and: Detailed Simulation Bin Calculations Bin-Calc SEER Nominal SEER Buffalo 11.94 12.13 1.6% -1.7% Portland 11.75 12.03 2.4% -0.1% Madison 11.68 11.95 2.3% 0.5% Chicago 11.63 11.93 2.6% 0.9% Detroit 11... - Buffalo 2 - Portland 3 - Madison 4 - Chicago 5 - Detroit 6 - Wilmington 7 - New_York_City 8 - San_Francisco 9 - Fresno 10 - Pittsburgh 11 - Memphis 12 - Atlanta 13 - Phoenix...

Henderson, H. I.; Sachs, H. M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

The Role of Folk Consciousness in the Modern State: Its Efficacy, Use and Abuse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the establishment, and within ten years he was virtually driven out of Denmark’s official Lutheran church. But the power of his poetry, rooted in the old folk literature (perhaps half the hymns in the Danish Lutheran hymnbook are by him) and the attractiveness... . As Grundtvig said, “It is just this we lack. Professors and learned folk can and obviously must be few, but Danish citizens – educated and useful citizens – we must all be.” His solution was the Folkehöjskole, first publically proposed in that same 1832...

Brown, Jim; Dregang, Ap

456

Efficacy of gravity-fed chlorination system for community-scale water disinfection in northern Ghana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although chlorine is one of the lowest cost ways of providing disinfection, currently billions of people lack drinking water that has had this simple treatment. Arch Chemical's Pulsar 1 unit is an innovation in chlorine ...

Fitzpatrick, Daniel Cash

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

The safety and efficacy of a thymidine kinase negative equine herpesvirus 1 vaccine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 2 10. 2 300 6. 6 9. 0 4320 4590 90 27 9. 9 200 6. 2 11. 7 3978 8903 585 234 26 7. 2 10. 1 600 6. 4 8. 8 i 2376 5280 880 264 25 7. 1 9. 8 300 6. 3 10. 4 2184 7488 520 208 24 6. 7 9. 5 400 6. 2 7 9 2765 4503... 474 158 25 6. 9 9. 3 300 6. 5 7. 5 2475 4725 150 150 22 6. 3 8. 7 400 6. 3 10. 4 4264 5512 416 208 25 9. 2 500 6. 6 9. 9 3366 6138 99 297 Foal 2 PCV RBC Hgb Fib PP M3C Naut Lym Mon Eos Baso 33 12. 5 300 6...

Cornick, Janyce Louise

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

458

Notes on the efficacy of wet versus dry screening of fly ash  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The methodology used to obtain fly ash subsamples of different sizes is generally based on wet or dry sieving methods. However, the worth of such methods is not certain if the methodology applied is not mentioned in the analytical procedure. After performing a fly ash mechanical dry, sieving, the authors compared those results with the ones obtained by laser diffraction on the same samples and found unacceptable discrepancies. A preliminary, study of a wet sieving analysis carried out on an economizer fly ash sample showed that this method was more effective than the dry sieving. The importance of standardizing the way samples are handled, pretreated and presented to the instrument of analysis are suggested and interlaboratory reproducibility trials are needed to create a common standard methodology to obtain large amounts of fly ash size fraction subsamples.

Valentim, B.; Hower, J.C.; Flores, D.; Guedes, A. [Center and Department of Geology, Oporto (Portugal)

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

The focus of this issue is the efficacy of competition interventions from several  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' paper questions the wisdom of the energy regulator's recent intervention to prohibit energy suppliers

Feigon, Brooke

460

Improving the delivery and efficacy of a cancer therapeutic via extracellular matrix modification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The extracellular matrix (ECM) has been shown to be a significant source of hindrance to the transport of macromolecules in solid tumors. This thesis shows that by limiting their interstitial transport, the tumor ECM can ...

Mok, Wilson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Field Comparison of the Sampling Efficacy of Two Smear Media: Cotton Fiber and Kraft Paper  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two materials were compared in field tests at the Defense Waste Processing Facility: kraft paper (a strong, brown paper made from wood pulp prepared with a sodium sulfate solution) and cotton fiber. Based on a sampling of forty-six pairs of smears, the cotton fiber smears provide a greater sensitivity. The cotton fiber smears collected an average of forty-four percent more beta activity than the kraft paper smears and twenty-nine percent more alpha activity. Results show a greater sensitivity with cotton fiber over kraft paper at the 95 percent confidence level. Regulatory requirements for smear materials are vague. The data demonstrate that the difference in sensitivity of smear materials could lead to a large difference in reported results that are subsequently used for meeting shipping regulations or evaluating workplace contamination levels.

Hogue, M.G.

2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

462

An assessment of honeybee foraging activity and pollination efficacy in Australian Bt cotton.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Cotton is a high-value commercial crop in Australia. Although cotton is largely self-pollinating, previous researchers have reported that honeybees, Apis mellifera, can assist in cross-pollination… (more)

Keshlaf, Marwan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Relation Among Efficacy of Insecticides, Resistance Levels, and Sanitation in the Control of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- roach populations in multiunit apartment complexes, the relationship between sanitation and cockroach of the German cockroach. Two mo- lasses baited sticky monitoring traps (Roach Pot) were placed in the kitchen

464

The Effects of Bilingual Education on Language, Achievement, and Self-Efficacy of Hispanic Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or English-only education is most appropriate for enhancing ELLs? language proficiency and achievement. Despite decades of controversy and research in the field of bilingual education, the debate is ongoing. Additionally, Hispanic ELLs are profoundly affected...

Hewitt, Lisa A.

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

465

UniversityofFlorida/CollegeofPharmacySpring/Summer2004 Research Focus on Safety & Efficacy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to improve delivery through biological mem- branes · Gene therapy for diabetes, cancer and genetic diseases

Roy, Subrata

466

Sandia National Laboratories: efficacy of capil-lary trapping of CO2  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1development Sandia, NRELdeep-waterbiofuels economically competitivecapil-lary

467

Efficacy of soluble sodium tripolyphosphate amendments for the in-situ  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutronEnvironmentZIRKLEEFFECTS OF CHRONIC COPPERBaO/Al2O3

468

Efficacy of office ergonomics training: an evaluation and comparison of instructor and web-based training  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to a variety of reasons, one of the most common types of training found at companies is safety and health training. As part of a comprehensive health and safety training program there is usually an ergonomics training course. These courses...

Rucker, Nathan Paul

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

469

English language learners' reading self-efficacy and achievement using 1:1 mobile learning devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the singular user of the personal device, or it can be co-mobile learning devices are personal digital assistants (of mobile devices including tablet personal computers,

Walters, Jennifer L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

The Efficacy of an Immunoisolating Membrane System for Islet Xenotransplantation in Minipigs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developing a device that protects xenogeneic islets to allow treatment and potentially cure of diabetes in large mammals has been a major challenge in the past decade. Using xenogeneic islets for transplantation is required ...

Neufeld, Tova

471

Assessing the residential lighting efficiency opportunities in Guadalajara and Monterrey, Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lighting, primarily with incandescent bulbs, is the major end use of electricity in Mexican homes. The introduction of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) could significantly reduce electricity use in lighting. We describe a survey of lighting use in homes of Guadalajara and Monterrey, Mexico, that was conducted to provide information to determine the potential for CDLs. The results show that 1/6 of the incandescent bulbs can be replaced with CFLs if only those bulbs used more than 4 hours per day are targeted. We also provide insights on conducting similar surveys in other developing countries.

Friedmann,R.; DeBuen,O; Sathaye,J.; Gadgil,A.; Saucedo,R.; Rodriguez,G.

1995-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

472

High efficiency quasi-monochromatic infrared emitter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Incandescent radiation sources are widely used as mid-infrared emitters owing to the lack of alternative for compact and low cost sources. A drawback of miniature hot systems such as membranes is their low efficiency, e.g., for battery powered systems. For targeted narrow-band applications such as gas spectroscopy, the efficiency is even lower. In this paper, we introduce design rules valid for very generic membranes demonstrating that their energy efficiency for use as incandescent infrared sources can be increased by two orders of magnitude.

Brucoli, Giovanni; Besbes, Mondher; Benisty, Henri, E-mail: henri.benisty@institutoptique.fr; Greffet, Jean-Jacques [Laboratoire Charles Fabry, UMR 8501, Institut d’Optique, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud 11, 2, Avenue Augustin Fresnel, 91127 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Bouchon, Patrick; Haďdar, Riad [Office National d’Études et de Recherches Aérospatiales, Chemin de la Huničre, 91761 Palaiseau (France)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

473

Extending the Photon Mapping Method for Realistic Rendering of Hot Gaseous Fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Computer Sciences University of Texas at Austin Austin, Texas, U.S.A. Abstract With the increased, and are often indispensable ingredi- ents in the production of computer animations. Many simulation techniques], where Lamorlette and Foster [1] approximated the flame's incandescence using a user-controlled energy

Texas at Austin, University of

474

Numerical Modelling of Light Emission and Propagation in (Organic) LEDs with the Green's Tensor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

light emitting diodes, light emission, light extraction, dipole radiation, stratified media, layered surpasses incandescent sources by a factor of 2 and with further improvements light emitting diodes could on light extraction techniques from inorganic light emitting diodes we recommend chapter 5 in 1 . Organic

Floreano, Dario

475

Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and solar panels. 17. Key Words Solar Energy, Light Emitting Diodes (LED), Intersections, Incandescent Bulbs No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No. 4. Title and Subtitle Feasibility of Solar Powered Traffic Signs. By retrofitting the signals to solar energy and switching to LED the city will see major energy and cost savings

476

FOUNDATIONS OF SPECTROSCOPY The contents of this module were developed under grant award # P116B-001338 from the Fund for the Improve-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STALEY Diffraction Grating RetinaRetina Virtual Spectrum Incandescent Bulb Real SpectrumReal Spectrum Eye Fluorescent Lights 14 Continuous Emission 15 The Origins Of Band Spectra 16 Origins Of band Spectra 17 a region of the elec- tromagnetic spectrum. A rainbow and light from a light bulb are examples

Hardy, Darel

477

Table Set-up with equipment Target Audience: Parents of elementary school students (grades 3-6), Middle and High School Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compact Fluorescent Bulb 40 Lumen equivalent (GE) Lowe's or Home Depot Approx. $6.50 each Incandescent engineering measurement tool 2. Introduce the range of light bulb options available for home use. 3. Describe the specifications generally provided to the consumer to evaluate available bulbs for home use 4. Provide hands

Linhardt, Robert J.

478

RPI students supporting education outreach Target Audience: Elementary school students (grades 3-6)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Lowe's or Home Depot Approx. $22.00 each Compact Fluorescent Bulb 40 Lumen equivalent (GE) Lowe Introduction and Bulb Comparison; LED, Compact Fluorescent, Incandescent Bulb Comparison #12;Resistor Kit (incl (top position), compact fluorescent (middle position), LED Bulb (lower position). Computer set up

Linhardt, Robert J.

479

ELI Student Voices 1 ELI STUDENT VOICESVolume 10, Issue 2 Summer, 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

communication of fireflies, which then fail mating and are lost from that area. In Thailand, the fluorescent bulb is the common use in many houses, commercial buildings and also streetlights. It is the main source of light pollution affecting the Thai firefly population. On the other hand, the incandescent bulb

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

480

A positive vision for restoring balance to the carbon cycle, while allowing for global growth in population and wellbeing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Earth is located between one solid mass, whose central heat may surpass that of incandescent matter, into dark radiant heat... This distinction between luminous heat and dark heat explains the increase basis for influence of Water and CO2 on Earth's temperature "As a dam built across a river causes

Eisen, Michael

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

White Dwarfs in Binary Systems A white dwarf orbiting another star can become active  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White Dwarfs in Binary Systems A white dwarf orbiting another star can become active when the other becomes incandescent. #12;H and He from the companion build up on the white dwarf's surface. Classical. Explosions from White Dwarf Star RS Oph #12;Classical Novae: RS Ophiuci Recurrent Nova RS Ophiuci Explosions

Barnes, Joshua Edward

482

The atoms may be charged or neutral (how?) mass range: 1.67 10-27  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: where does our food come from? different plants have a different isotope content What other uses (2008) *mention UCSB project "Children of the corn" #12; Can we get energy from atoms? ... fusion and fission "The sun is a mass of incandescent gas A gigantic nuclear furnace Where hydrogen is built

483

Energy Efficiency ISSN 1570-646X  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ConEd Consolidated Edison CRT Cathode ray tube LCD Liquid crystal display LED Light emitting diode included combustion, incandescent and compact fluorescent (CFL) bulbs, and now light emitting diode (LED emitting diodes (LED), has been sug- gested as a way of reducing energy used for lighting. Such predictions

Illinois at Chicago, University of

484

Utilization of oilseed proteins in ground beef formulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, overwrapped with a oxygen permeable film (Goodyear Choice Wrap) and placed in a retail display case. The case temperature was maintained at O'C. The case was illuminated for 12 hr periods with 82 footcandles of incandescent light. The samples were rated...

Marshall, William Houston

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14,357 1,576 2,228 3,629 6,924 Lighting Equipment Types (more than one may apply) Incandescent ... 2,184 Q 506 673 990 38,528 Q 6,483 12,947 18,667...

486

--No Title--  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,835 2,177 1,398 3,914 3,496 Lighting Equipment Types (more than one may apply) Incandescent ... 2,184 1,191 628 254 102 10 38,528 10,640 9,812...

487

Fort Meade demonstration test LEDS in freezer rooms, fiber optics in display cases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Demonstration projects at Fort George G. Meade, MD, substituted LED lighting for incandescent bulbs in commisary wal-in freezers and fiber optic lighting in reach-in display cases. The goal was to reduce energy consumption and the results were positive. Journal article published in Public Works Digest

Parker, Steven; Parker, Graham B.

2008-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

488

LED traffic signals: A market transformation opportunity assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report examines the feasibility and appropriateness of market intervention strategies to increase the penetration of LED traffic signals, which offer large energy savings and other benefits relative to existing incandescent traffic signals. It presents the state of the technology and some of the technical challenges that remain. Prepared for the Consortium for Energy Efficiency.

Suozzo, M.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

489

CX-007850: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Reflector Lamps CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/09/2012 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

490

Energy Savings and Green Initiatives Project Grant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project entails retrofitting all four foot, 2, 3 and 4 bulb 40 watt T12 fixtures to T8 28 watt and 150 watt incandescent to 26 watt compact fluorescent bulbs. In total, 2,086 fixtures will be retrofitted

Kathy MacLennan

2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

491

Bright prospects for lighting retrofits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Great potential for energy savings can be found in the alleys, hallways and stairwells of multifamily buildings, but this potential is not always easy to realize. This article discusses the solution to common problems, retrofitting mistakes, retrofitting for savings, replacements for incandescent bulbs, better exit lights. 1 fig., 1 tab.

Hasterok, L. [Wisconsin Energy Conservation Corp., Madison, WI (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Why Does the Sun Shine? Is the Sun on Fire?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. · Total chemical potential would be 1045 ergs. · This is the solar luminosity for 4000 years. = 5 x 1044 A gigantic nuclear furnace where hydrogen is built into helium at a temperature of millions of degrees Yo ho of incandescent gas A gigantic nuclear furnace where hydrogen is built into helium at a temperature of millions

Walter, Frederick M.

493

The Spectrum of Clean Energy Innovationinnovati nGreen Light-Emitting Diode Makes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- ing as an efficient solid-state light source, able to replace incandescent and compact fluorescent light bulbs in many applications. A new green LED from NREL may yield more efficient solid to accelerating market deployment, NREL works in partnership with private industry to drive the transformation

494

Research paper Impact of the eruptive activity on glacier evolution at Popocatpetl Volcano  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Colombia, the eruption melted, fractured and destabilized the ice cap (Thouret, 1990). On the other hand to melting processes. The most important loss occurred over 2000­2001 when 19% of the glacier-covered area and low activity. Pyroclastic flow generation, ejection of incandescent material, and tephra fall affected

Kääb, Andreas

495

Today LED Holiday Lights, Tomorrow the World?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article for The APEM Advantage, the quarterly newsletter of the Association of Professional Energy Managers (APEM) describes the recent increase in the popularity of light emitting diode (LED) lighting and compares LED light output with that of incandescent and compact fluorescent lighting.

Gordon, Kelly L.

2004-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

496

Updated 9/23/2010 HOW TO RECYCLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/Copiers · Garbage · Gas Cylinders · Glass Bottles & Jars · Grease · Halogen Bulbs · Hardbound Books · Hazardous Waste · Helium Tanks · Imaging Units for Printers/Copiers · Incandescent Bulbs · Ink Jet Printer · Newspapers & Newsprint #12;Updated 9/23/2010 · Office Supplies · Oil · Packing Peanuts · Paint · Pallets

Clark, John

497

DESIGN AND INNOVATION Mns J. Molin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to show the energy efficiency of a new light source. During the last 10 years the research on Light ­ #12;incandescent1 and fluorescent2 - in energy efficiency, light quality, and longevity (Navigant organizational turmoil ­ partly because that the company was up for sale and partly because of strategic reasons

498

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Developing a Sustainable Food Outlet for UBC Food Services in the New Beaty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

comparison of energy use and light output between 42 standard incandescent bulbs and ES-qualified CFLs 9. CNA design, energy usage, waste management and menu options, amongst other things. We also showcase Surveys 15 E. Promotional Education Tool 16 i) Promotional Tools 16 ii) Educational Tools 17 F. Waste

499

The Problem Conventional office lighting typically consists of bright fluo-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and undercabinet lights combined with incandescent or fluorescent task lights. This approach is not very energy-friendly, high-quality light- ing with a number of benefits. Reduced waste from fluorescent lights. Fluorescent, an already-efficient lighting system can save even more energy. If an employee leaves the office and forgets

500

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

savings come primarily from commercial and industrial equipment and residential water heaters. · Savings Ballasts Water Heaters Small Electric Motors Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Clothes Dryers Clothes Incandescent Reflector Lamps Direct Heating Equipment Pool Heaters Clothes Washers, Commercial Dishwashers