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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Incandescent Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics August 16, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Incandescent lamps operate simply by heating a metal filament inside a bulb filled with inert gas. Because they operate directly on variety of common power types including common household alternating current or direct current such as batteries or automobiles, they do not require a special power supply or ballast. They turn on up instantly, providing a warm light with excellent color rendition because the light is produced in much the same way as the light from the sun. They can also be easily dimmed using inexpensive controls and are available in a staggering variety of shapes and sizes. However, incandescent lamps have a low efficacy (10-17 lumens per watt) compared with other lighting options and a short average

2

Incandescent Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics August 16, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Incandescent lamps operate simply by heating a metal filament inside a bulb filled with inert gas. Because they operate directly on variety of common power types including common household alternating current or direct current such as batteries or automobiles, they do not require a special power supply or ballast. They turn on up instantly, providing a warm light with excellent color rendition because the light is produced in much the same way as the light from the sun. They can also be easily dimmed using inexpensive controls and are available in a staggering variety of shapes and sizes. However, incandescent lamps have a low efficacy (10-17 lumens per watt) compared with other lighting options and a short average

3

Photonically Engineered Incandescent Emitter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photonically engineered incandescence is disclosed. The emitter materials and photonic crystal structure can be chosen to modify or suppress thermal radiation above a cutoff wavelength, causing the emitter to selectively emit in the visible and near-infrared portions of the spectrum. An efficient incandescent lamp is enabled thereby. A method for fabricating a three-dimensional photonic crystal of a structural material, suitable for the incandescent emitter, is also disclosed.

Gee, James M. (Albuquerque, NM); Lin, Shawn-Yu (Albuquerque, NM); Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM); Moreno, James B. (Albuquerque, NM)

2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

4

High efficiency incandescent lighting  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Incandescent lighting structure. The structure includes a thermal emitter that can, but does not have to, include a first photonic crystal on its surface to tailor thermal emission coupled to, in a high-view-factor geometry, a second photonic filter selected to reflect infrared radiation back to the emitter while passing visible light. This structure is highly efficient as compared to standard incandescent light bulbs.

Bermel, Peter; Ilic, Ognjen; Chan, Walker R.; Musabeyoglu, Ahmet; Cukierman, Aviv Ruben; Harradon, Michael Robert; Celanovic, Ivan; Soljacic, Marin

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

5

Energy-efficient incandescent lamp: Final report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Energy Conserving Incandescent Lamps", J . Brett, R.July 1981. "Filaments for Incandescent Lamps with Radiation20-22 "Energy Saving Incandescent Lamps with Infrared

Verderber, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Incandescent | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incandescent Incandescent Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

7

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting October 17, 2013 - 6:15pm Addthis Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lamps are often considered the least energy efficient type of electric lighting commonly found in residential buildings. Although inefficient, incandescent lamps possess a number of key advantages--they are inexpensive to buy, turn on instantly, are available in a huge array of sizes and shapes and provide a pleasant, warm light with excellent color rendition. However, because of their relative inefficiency and short life spans, they

8

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting October 17, 2013 - 6:15pm Addthis Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lamps are often considered the least energy efficient type of electric lighting commonly found in residential buildings. Although inefficient, incandescent lamps possess a number of key advantages--they are inexpensive to buy, turn on instantly, are available in a huge array of sizes and shapes and provide a pleasant, warm light with excellent color rendition. However, because of their relative inefficiency and short life spans, they

9

The incandescent disposal system  

SciTech Connect

The electrotechnology device being introduced to the low-level waste market is an Incandescent Disposal System (IDS) for volume reduction and vitrification. The process changes the composition of the waste material, usually long molecular chains, into simple molecules and elements. It renders the volume of low-level wastes to a manageable solid vitrified residue, carbon black, and a water discharge. The solid material, which has been vitrified if silica is introduced into the waste stream, is an ideal inert filler. The carbon black is non-leaching and is readily available for vitrification as it comes out of the IDS.

Smith, R.G.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Energy-Saving Incandescents | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

halogenhiresweb.eps Description Energy-saving incandescent lightbulbs - high-resolution EPS More Documents & Publications Energy-Saving Incandescents CFL Lightbulbs CFL...

11

Energy-Saving Incandescents | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

halogenshires.jpg Description Energy-saving incandescent lighbulbs - high-resolution JPG More Documents & Publications Energy-Saving Incandescents CFL Lightbulbs Lighting Tip Card...

12

Underwater Lighting by Submerged Lasers and Incandescent Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and collimated underwater incandescent projector. The laser-collimated underwater incandescent projector used for beamBY SUBMERGED LASERS and Incandescent Sources DESCRIPTIVE

Duntley, Seibert Q

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

General service incandescent lamp with improved efficiency  

SciTech Connect

A high efficiency general service incandescent lamp is disclosed. The disclosed improved general service incandescent lamp has an outer and an inner envelope. The inner envelope has a relatively small housing containing a halogen gas and a relatively high pressure efficient fill-gas and in which a low voltage filament is spatially disposed therein.

Berlec, I.

1985-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

14

COST EFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGY BUTTONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as any 1ong-li incandescent lamp or system evaluated in thisEFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGYEFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGY

Verderber, Rudy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Visible Spectrum Incandescent Selective Emitter  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the work performed was to demonstrate the feasibility of a novel bi-layer selective emitter. Selective emitters are incandescent radiant bodies with emissivities that are substantially larger in a selected part of the radiation spectrum, thereby significantly shifting their radiated spectral distribution from that of a blackbody radiating at the same temperature. The major research objectives involved answering the following questions: (1) What maximum VIS/NIR radiant power and emissivity ratios can be attained at 2650 K? (2) What is the observed emitter body life and how does its performance vary with time? (3) What are the design tradeoffs for a dual heating approach in which both an internally mounted heating coil and electrical resistance self-heating are used? (4) What are the quantitative improvements to be had from utilizing a bi-layer emitter body with a low emissivity inner layer and a partially transmissive outer layer? Two approaches to obtaining selective emissivity were investigated. The first was to utilize large optical scattering within an emitter material with a spectral optical absorption that is much greater within the visible spectrum than that within the NIR. With this approach, an optically thick emitter can radiate almost as if optically thin because essentially, scattering limits the distance below the surface from which significant amounts of internally generated radiation can emerge. The performance of thin emitters was also investigated (for optically thin emitters, spectral emissivity is proportional to spectral absorptivity). These emitters were fabricated from thin mono-layer emitter rods as well as from bi-layer rods with a thin emitter layer mounted on a substrate core. With an initially estimated energy efficiency of almost three times that of standard incandescent bulbs, a number of energy, economic and environmental benefits such as less energy use and cost, reduced CO{sub 2} emissions, and no mercury contamination was initially projected. The work performed provided answers to a number of important questions. The first is that, with the investigated approaches, the maximum sustained emitter efficiencies are about 1.5 times that of a standard incandescent bulb. This was seen to be the case for both thick and thin emitters, and for both mono-layer and bi-layer designs. While observed VIS/NIR ratios represent improvements over standard incandescent bulbs, it does not appear sufficient to overcome higher cost (i.e. up to five times that of the standard bulb) and ensure commercial success. Another result is that high temperatures (i.e. 2650 K) are routinely attainable without platinum electrodes. This is significant for reducing material costs. A novel dual heating arrangement and insulated electrodes were used to attain these temperatures. Another observed characteristic of the emitter was significant grain growth soon after attaining operating temperatures. This is an undesirable characteristic that results in substantially less optical scattering and spectral selectivity, and which significantly limits emitter efficiencies to the values reported. Further work is required to address this problem.

Sonsight Inc.

2004-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

16

Tungsten wire for incandescent lamps  

SciTech Connect

Tungsten wire for incandescent lamp filaments must operate at high temperatures and for long times. To meet these requirements, the grain morphology of the wire must be controlled to reduce the propensity for grain boundary sliding. The morphology is a function of the distribution of very small pockets of potassium in the wire and the mechanical processing from ingot to wire. The behavior of the filament is directly related to the grain morphology. This paper describes the mechanism by which the potassium is incorporated into and distributed in the ingot. The elongation and spheroidization of the bubbles during hot rolling and swaging is also examined and related to the grain morphology of wire. Some indications of the relationship between grain morphology and filament behavior are also given.

Walter, J.L.; Briant, C.L. (General Electric Corporate Research and Development, Schenectady, NY (USA))

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescent...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents July 28, 2014 - 11:39pm Addthis...

18

Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fluorescent and Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on AddThis.com... About Standards & Test Procedures Implementation, Certification & Enforcement

19

Comprehensive Pyrometry of Incandescent Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene in the Visible and Near Infrared  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4.17 Image of incandescent tungsten ?to collect data from incandescent MWCNTs. An illustration ofand of Carbon at Incandescent Temper- atures, Physical

Singer, Scott

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

DOE Requires Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent Reflector Lamps DOE Requires Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent Reflector Lamps June 24, 2010 - 2:40pm...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent Lights A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent Lights July 21, 2009 - 5:18pm Addthis John Lippert Pretty soon, lighting is going to get a lot more efficient. New standards for incandescent reflector bulbs, general purpose fluorescent bulbs, and regular incandescent bulbs are going into effect beginning in approximately three years. You may be curious about how these standards will affect the most popular types of incandescent bulbs we've all used for so long: the common non-reflector 40-watt, 60-watt, 75-watt, and 100-watt bulbs. The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (also known as EISA) requires that these incandescent bulbs use 30% less energy than today's

22

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new lightbulbs gives you the greatest energy savings, reliability, and

23

How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents July 29, 2012 - 6:25pm Addthis Energy-efficient light bulbs are available today and could save you about $50 per year in energy costs when you replace 15 traditional incandescent bulbs in your home. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available today and could save you about $50 per year in energy costs when you replace 15 traditional incandescent bulbs in your home. Compared to traditional incandescents, energy-efficient lightbulbs such as energy-saving incandescents, compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), and light emitting diodes (LEDs) have the following advantages: Typically use about 25%-80% less energy, saving you money

24

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new

25

AN ANALYTICAL AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LASER-INDUCED INCANDESCENCE OF SOOT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN ANALYTICAL AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LASER-INDUCED INCANDESCENCE OF SOOT A Thesis-INDUCED INCANDESCENCE OF SOOT Approved: _________________________ Jerry M. Seitzman, Chairman

Seitzman, Jerry M.

26

Cost effectiveness of long life incandescent lamps and energy buttons  

SciTech Connect

Long-life replacement lamps for the incandescent lamp have been evaluated with regard to their cost effectiveness. The replacements include the use of energy buttons that extend lamp life as well as an adaptive fluorescent circline lamp that will fit into existing incandescent lamp sockets. The initial, operating, and replacement costs for one million lumen hours are determined for each lamp system. It is found that the most important component lighting cost is the operating cost. Using lamps that are less efficient or devices that cause lamps to operate less efficiently are not cost-effective. The adaptive fluorescent circline lamp, even at an initial unit cost of $20.00, is the most cost-effective source of illumination compared to the incandescent lamp and lamp systems examined.

Verderber, R.; Morse, O.

1980-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

27

Assessment of soot particle vaporization effects during laser-induced incandescence with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessment of soot particle vaporization effects during laser-induced incandescence with time-induced incandescence (LII) has been successfully used for soot volume fraction and particle size measurements

Hahn, David W.

28

Introduction The Sun is a mass of incandescent gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 1 Introduction The Sun is a mass of incandescent gas A gigantic nuclear furnace Building that our bodies contain atoms that, like most elements and their isotopes in the Solar System, were part of the molecular cloud from which the Solar System condensed, and were trapped in primitive

Nittler, Larry R.

29

Metallic photonic-band-gap filament architectures for optimized incandescent lighting Sajeev John and Rongzhou Wang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metallic photonic-band-gap filament architectures for optimized incandescent lighting Sajeev John occur 3,4 . Tra- ditionally incandescent lighting filaments, despite being driven from equilibrium the blackbody spectrum. This suggests the pos- sibility of higher efficiency incandescent lighting, through

John, Sajeev

30

Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Laser Induced Incandescence Dr. Adri van Duin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Laser Induced Incandescence (LII) Dr. Adri van Duin Associate of Engineering. Laser Induced Incandescence (LII) is a popular method to estimate the properties of soot. Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Laser-Induced Incandescence of Soot Using an Extended ReaxFF Reactive

Bjørnstad, Ottar Nordal

31

A calibration-independent laser-induced incandescence technique for soot measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A calibration-independent laser-induced incandescence technique for soot measurement by detecting D. Bachalo Laser-induced incandescence (LII) has proved to be a useful diagnostic tool for spatially incandescence inten- sity, avoiding the need for ex situ calibration that typically uses a source of particles

Gülder, ?mer L.

32

L'EMISSION ELECTRIQUE DU PLATINE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPHRE D'IODE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L'EMISSION ELECTRIQUE DU PLATINE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPH?RE D'IODE par M. S. KALANDYK influence devient nulle aux températures de chauffage élevées. 3. Pour une faible incandescence du platine approximativement linéaire; aux fortes incandescences, cette variation offre un caractère beaucoup plus compliqué. 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

33

J.-A. FLEMING. 2014 On the characteristic curves and surfaces of incandescence lamps (Courbes caractristiques des lampes incandescence) ; Phil. Mag.,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

80 J.-A. FLEMING. 2014 On the characteristic curves and surfaces of incandescence lamps (Courbes caractéristiques des lampes à incandescence) ; Phil. Mag., 5e série, t. XIX, p. 368; I885. L'auteur étudie les résistance correspondant à la force électromotrice vo à laquelle l'incandescence commence à se produire, et r

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

34

L'MISSION LECTRIQUE DU PLATINE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPHRE D'IODE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L'?MISSION ?LECTRIQUE DU PLATINE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPH?RE D'IODE par M. PIERRE JEZ],du platine incandescent ~dans une atmosphère d'iode en fonction : 1, de la température ; 2, du temps; 3, de électrodes, d'un grillage métallique pour éviter les influences extérieures. L'incandescence des électrodes s

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

35

LE RAYONNEMENT DES MANCHONS A INCANDESCENCE ; Par M. H. RUBENS1).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

306 LE RAYONNEMENT DES MANCHONS A INCANDESCENCE ; Par M. H. RUBENS1). 1. - INTRODUCTION. Les remarquables propriétés du manchon à incandescence Auer ont dès l'origine excité au plus haut point l été entreprises par Langley pour la lampe à incandescence au pétrole avec l'aide de ses bolomètres

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

36

PROCD RAPIDE POUR LA PHOTOMTRIE DES BECS A INCANDESCENCE PAR LE GAZ (1) ;  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

469 PROC?D? RAPIDE POUR LA PHOTOM?TRIE DES BECS A INCANDESCENCE PAR LE GAZ (1) ; Par P. LAURIOL. Les essais des becs à incandescence par le gaz destinés à l'éclai- rage public comportent un très pendant une série de mesures. On emploie une lampe à incandescence électrique dont on #12;471 maintint la

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

37

MISSION CATHODIQUE A L'INTRIEUR DES LAMPES A INCANDESCENCE ; par M. L. HOULLEVIGUE (1).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

523 ?MISSION CATHODIQUE A L'INT?RIEUR DES LAMPES A INCANDESCENCE ; par M. L. HOULLEVIGUE (1). I. Lorsqu'on survolte fortement une lampe à incandescence à filament de charbon, par exemple en mettant sous incandescent. ' , Fic.. 1. Tous ces effets peuvent être attribués, en première analyse, aux électrons émanés du

Boyer, Edmond

38

EA-1911: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Lamps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA will evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to amend energy conservation standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Lamps.

39

Apparatus to facilitate lengthening the life of incandescent lamps  

SciTech Connect

An energizing circuit is described for an incandescent bulb comprising a transformer having a primary winding connectable to an AC mains source and first and second secondary windings for producing first and second voltages. The first secondary winding is connected to an input of a first full-wave rectifier means and the second secondary winding is connected to an input of a second full-wave rectifier means, the full-wave rectifier means having outputs connected in parallel across the bulb. The first voltage is sufficient to fully illuminate the bulb and the second voltage is sufficient to maintain the bulb warm but with little or no light output, a first switch being connected between the first secondary winding and the first rectifier means whereby, when the first switch is open, the bulb is energized solely by the second voltage.

Spissinger, F.H.

1987-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

40

L'MISSION LECTRIQUE DU TUNGSTNE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPHRE D'IODE.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L'?MISSION ?LECTRIQUE DU TUNGST?NE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPH?RE D'IODE. par S. KALANDYK'émission négative du tungstène; l'influence de l'iode est prépondérante aux basses températures d'incandescence 3. L vapeur d'iode augmente l'émis sion électrique négative du platine incandescent. L'influence de l'iode se

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

How to upgrade your incandescent light bulbs Many people are choosing replacements for their standard incandescent light bulbs to save money or energy, because they've heard of new LED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for their standard incandescent light bulbs to save money or energy, because they've heard of new LED options to choose replacement light bulbs. You can save energy and money by replacing any standard incandescent from The Lighting Pattern Book for Homes, LRC 1993. Lighting Energy Use by Room BR · Note the type

Bystroff, Chris

42

Potential Environmental Impacts from the Metals in Incandescent, Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL), and Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Bulbs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Artificial lighting systems are transitioning from incandescent to compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) and light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs in response to the U.S. Energy Independence and Security Act and the EU Ecodesign Directive, which leads to energy savings and reduced greenhouse gas emissions. ... The CFLs and LEDs have higher resource depletion and toxicity potentials than the incandescent bulb due primarily to their high aluminum, copper, gold, lead, silver, and zinc. ... mercury pollution; redn. in electricity demand from the substitution of incandescent bulbs with fluorescents leads to reduced mercury emissions during the use of the bulb. ...

Seong-Rin Lim; Daniel Kang; Oladele A. Ogunseitan; Julie M. Schoenung

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

43

L-Prize Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interagency Technology Deployment Working Group L Prize ® Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update James E. Rannels, Senior Advisor L Prize Competition D&R International March 15, 2012 Cost of electricity 1 cent per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 8, 2012 Page One 2 Cost of electricity 11 cents per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 9, 2012 Page Two 3 What Is the L Prize? * Technology competition to spur innovation and exceptional performance * Created by Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA 2007) Sec. 655 * Two key lamp replacements: 60W Incandescent and PAR 38 Halogen * Future focus: 21 st Century Lamp * Cash prizes, federal purchasing, utility programs 4 Philips Wins First L Prize * August 3, 2011: Philips

44

L-Prize Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interagency Technology Deployment Working Group L Prize ® Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update James E. Rannels, Senior Advisor L Prize Competition D&R International March 15, 2012 Cost of electricity 1 cent per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 8, 2012 Page One 2 Cost of electricity 11 cents per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 9, 2012 Page Two 3 What Is the L Prize? * Technology competition to spur innovation and exceptional performance * Created by Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA 2007) Sec. 655 * Two key lamp replacements: 60W Incandescent and PAR 38 Halogen * Future focus: 21 st Century Lamp * Cash prizes, federal purchasing, utility programs 4 Philips Wins First L Prize * August 3, 2011: Philips

45

Creating markets for new products to replace incandescent lamps: The international experience  

SciTech Connect

Since the summer of 1995, several organizations have been in pursuit of what many consider the Holy Grail of lighting technology--a low-cost, drop-in, energy-efficient replacement for the incandescent lamp. This paper summarizes the international experience in attempting to catalyze the commercialization of a mass-market, replacement product that could have major impact on residential lighting energy consumption in US and EU homes. The technology procurement effort was originally spearheaded by US Federal Government through a loose collaboration between the Department of Defense (DoD), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE). The DoD agreed to serve as the anchor buyer for a low-cost, drop-in replacement product for standard-sized light bulbs that provide at least 30 percent energy savings compared to traditional incandescent lamps. In parallel to the US effort, the International Energy Agency launched a co-operative technology procurement effort by assembling large buyers' groups in Finland, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United Kingdom to pull a similar efficient lighting product into the European market. The lukewarm response from lamp manufacturers to these two technology procurement efforts illustrates the challenges of transforming residential lighting from incandescent to efficient lighting.

Rubinstein, F.; Borg, N.; Horowitz, N.; Narel, T.; Morehouse, E.T. Jr.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

DOE Publishes Final Rule for the Request for Exclusion of 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conservation Standards  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy has published a final rule regarding the request for exclusion of 100 Watt R20 short incandescent reflector lamps from energy conservation standards.

47

A theoretical study of the incandescent filament lamp performance under voltage flicker  

SciTech Connect

Incandescent filament lamp flicker, produced by voltage fluctuation, is a power quality problem that caused engineering concern since the onset of electrical illumination technology. The flicker phenomenon was analyzed and explained in early studies. Standards dealing with acceptable flicker levels are well known, nevertheless, today the discussion about flicker continues to be a top priority topic due to the fact that steady-state and transient voltage waveform distortion is a growing problem in low and medium voltage systems. In many situations voltage flicker is caused by subharmonics and interharmonics of voltage. Cycloconverters, welders and arc furnaces, eccentrically operating tools and integral cycle controlled power equipment are notorious for producing voltage flicker. The goal of this paper is to provide solid mathematical basis for the analytical modeling of incandescent filament lamp flicker when the voltage is nonsinusoidal. A mathematical model that enables the evaluation of the luminous flux modulation caused by noninteger harmonics (subharmonics and interharmonics) is presented. Three situations are detailed: square-wave voltage modulation, sinusoidal modulation and the case of noninteger harmonics with nearly contiguous frequencies.

Peretto, L. [Univ. of Bologna (Italy)] [Univ. of Bologna (Italy); Emanuel, A.E. [Worcester Polytechnic Inst., MA (United States)] [Worcester Polytechnic Inst., MA (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Linings with optimum heat-emission surfaces for cars receiving and transporting incandescent coke  

SciTech Connect

The least reliable components of the cars which receive and transport incandescent coke are the lining plates. This applies to both the quenching cars used for wet quenching and the hot-coke cars used in the dry cooling process. Technical advances have been described whereby the life of car linings is prolonged by increasing heat emission from the lining plate surfaces. As the heat emission level is enhanced the mean plate temperature is lowered and the lining life thereby prolonged; moreover, the between-servicings period is prolonged. This involves providing fins on the non-working (outer) plate surfaces. The problem of optimizing the size and shape of the fins with reference to heat emission remains unsolved: the requirement is maximum heat emission from plates of a given weight, or conversely minimum plate weight for a given heat emission level. 6 refs., 3 figs.

Kotlyar, B.D.; Pleshkov, P.I.; Gadyatskii, V.G. [and others

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

49

Synthesis and luminescence properties of rare earth activated phosphors for near UV-emitting LEDs for efficacious generation of white light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lighting using incandescent lights and fluorescent lamps, asenergy used for the incandescent lamp is wasted as infraredsource to replace incandescent and fluorescent lighting [2].

Han, Jinkyu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

2014-12-30 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps; Final Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding energy conservation standards for general service fluorescent lamps and incandescent reflector lamps, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on December 30, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

51

Energy Savings and NOx Emissions Reduction Potential from the 2012 Federal Legislation to Phase Out Incandescent Lamps in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lamps in Texas Description Value Reference Total Housing Units in Texas in 2013: 10,204,056 Real Estate Center, Texas A&M University3, U.S. Census Bureau4 5 Average Lighting Electricity Usage per House: 1,946 kWh/yr NREL Building America Program6... Savings in Texas: 10,424,973 MWh/yr OSD CFL Savings in Texas: 28,562 MWh/day By 2013, it is estimated that total savings of 10,424,973 MWh/yr would be achieved from replacing incandescent lamps with compact fluorescent lamps (CFL) in residential...

Liu, Zi; Baltazar, Juan Carlos; Haberl, Jeff; Soman, Rohit

52

Comparison of 60-Hz electric fields and incandescent light as aversive stimuli controlling the behavior of rats  

SciTech Connect

Rats were exposed to two procedures which enabled them to press a lever to turn off a 90 or 100 kV/m 60-Hz electric field or, later in the study, illumination from an incandescent lamp. Under one procedure, a response turned off the stimulus for a fixed duration, after which the stimulus was turned on again. A response during the off-period restarted the fixed duration. None of the rats turned the field off reliably. Next, under an alternative procedure, pressing one lever turned the field off; pressing the other lever turned it back on; responding under those conditions differed little from that seen at 0 kV/m. Under both procedures, when illumination from an incandescent lamp served as the stimulus, each rat did turn the stimulus off, and performances varied with stimulus intensity. The results show that a 100 kV/m 60-Hz electric field is not sufficient to function as an aversive stimulus under two procedures where illumination from a lamp does function as an aversive stimulus.

Stern, S.; Laties, V.G.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

13 Figure 10. Efficacy of AC incandescent13 Figure 11. Efficacy of AC incandescent reflectorand halogen lamps, which are incandescent, have considerably

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Theoretical and experimental investigations into the particular features of the process of converting coal gas hydrocarbons on incandescent coke  

SciTech Connect

The prospects of the use of reducing gases in ferrous metallurgy and the possibilities for using them as a basis for coke production have been presented by the authors of the present article in the past. In the present report, the authors present certain results of theoretical and experimental investigations into the process of converting coal gas hydrocarbons on incandescent coke. The modification of the present-day method of thermodynamically calculating stable compositions of coking products, which was developed by the authors, has made it possible to apply it to specific chemical systems and process conditions not met with before, such as the conversion of hydrocarbons in mixtures of actual industrial gases (coal gas and blast furnace gas) in the presence of carbon and considerable amounts of hydrogen.

Zubilin, I.G.; Umanskii, V.E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

DOE/EA-1664: Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps (June 2009)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps June 2009 16-i CHAPTER 16. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS 16.1 INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................... 16-1 16.2 AIR EMISSIONS ANALYSIS...................................................................................... 16-1 16.2.1 Air Emissions Descriptions............................................................................................ 16-1 16.2.2 Air Quality Regulation................................................................................................... 16-3 16.2.3 Global Climate Change..................................................................................................

56

Max Tech Appliance Design: Potential for Maximizing U.S. Energy Savings through Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and lighting dominantly incandescent. LED) replace Althoughare similar, LED incandescent efficacies are expected toUse (TWh) a Lighting (incandescent, including reflector

Garbesi, Karina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Soot particle sizing during high-pressure Diesel spray combustion via time-resolved laser-induced incandescence  

SciTech Connect

Single-pulse time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TiRe-LII) signal transients from soot particulates were acquired during unsteady high pressure Diesel combustion in a constant volume cell for typical top dead center conditions during a Diesel engine cycle. Measurements were performed for initial gas pressures between 1 and 3 MPa, injection pressures between 50 and 130 MPa and laser probe timings between 5 and 16 ms after start of fuel injection. In separate experiments and for the same cell operating conditions gas temperatures were deduced from spectrally resolved soot pyrometry measurements. Implementing the LII model of Kock et al. [Combust. Flame 147 (2006) 79-92] ensemble mean soot particle diameters were evaluated from least-squares fitting of theoretical cooling curves to experimental TiRe-LII signal transients. Since in the experiments the environmental gas temperature and the width of an assumed particle size distribution were not known, the effects of the initial choice of these parameters on retrieved particle diameters were investigated. It is shown that evaluated mean particle diameters are only slightly biased by the choice of typical size distribution widths and gas temperatures. For a fixed combustion phase mean particle diameters are not much affected by gas pressure, however they become smaller at high fuel injection pressure. At a mean chamber pressure of 1.39 MPa evaluated mean particle diameters increased by a factor of two for probe delays between 5 and 16 ms after start of injection irrespective of the choices of first-guess fitting variables, indicating a certain robustness of data analysis procedure. (author)

Ryser, R.; Gerber, T.; Dreier, T. [Reaction Analysis Group, Department of General Energy, Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

58

Soot particle sizing during high-pressure Diesel spray combustion via time-resolved laser-induced incandescence  

SciTech Connect

Single-pulse time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TiRe-LII) signal transients from soot particulates were acquired during unsteady high pressure Diesel combustion in a constant volume cell for typical top dead center conditions during a Diesel engine cycle. Measurements were performed for initial gas pressures between 1 and 3 MPa, injection pressures between 50 and 130 MPa and laser probe timings between 5 and 16 ms after start of fuel injection. In separate experiments and for the same cell operating conditions gas temperatures were deduced from spectrally resolved soot pyrometry measurements. Implementing the LII model of Kock et al. [Combust. Flame 147 (20006) 79-92] ensemble mean soot particle diameters were evaluated from least-squares fitting of theoretical cooling curves to experimental TiRe-LII signal transients. Since in the experiments the environmental gas temperature and the width of an assumed particle size distribution were not known, the effects of the initial choice of these parameters on retrieved particle diameters were investigated. It is shown that evaluated mean particle diameters are only slightly biased by the choice of typical size distribution widths and gas temperatures. For a fixed combustion phase mean particle diameters are not much affected by gas pressure, however they become smaller at high fuel injection pressure. At a mean chamber pressure of 1.39 MPa evaluated mean particle diameters increased by a factor of two for probe delays between 5 and 16 ms after start of injection irrespective of the choices of first-guess fitting variables, indicating a certain robustness of data analysis procedure. (author)

Ryser, R.; Gerber, T.; Dreier, T. [Reaction Analysis Group, Department of General Energy, Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen (Switzerland)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

,,,"Incandescent","Standard Fluorescent","Compact Fluorescent","High-Intensity Discharge","Halogen"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

B39. Lighting Equipment, Floorspace, 1999" B39. Lighting Equipment, Floorspace, 1999" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","All Lit Buildings","Lighting Equipment (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Incandescent","Standard Fluorescent","Compact Fluorescent","High-Intensity Discharge","Halogen" "All Buildings ................",67338,64321,38156,60344,20666,19223,17926 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6774,5859,2946,5154,738,245,600 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",8238,7464,4047,6722,1108,663,991 "10,001 to 25,000 .............",11153,10393,6055,9815,1759,1701,1996 "25,001 to 50,000 .............",9311,9053,5004,8344,2296,2224,1611

60

LED Record Efficacy and Brightness  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Designed for general lighting applications such as street, industrial, and parking garage lighting, the Cree XLamp power LED sets new records for LED brightness and efficacy, up to 85 lm/W at 350 mA. The XLamp utilizes Cree's performance breakthrough EZBright LED chip; both products include technology that was developed in part with R&D funding support from DOE.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Luminous Efficacy Standards for General Purpose Lights  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Assembly Bill 178, adopted in June 2007, established efficacy* standards for general purpose lights sold in the state of Nevada. The bill set the required efficacy at 25 lumens per watt (lm/W) of...

62

Ceramic Mugs & Dishes Incandescent Light Bulbs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

502-6808 · Campus Recycling Service 476-2021 · sustainability.ucsf.edu/stay_informed/recycling_resources Binders Plastic Bags & Wrap Pretzel & Chip Bags Rubber bands Styrofoam Tyvek RECYCLE Aluminum foil & cans Reuse Recycle Compost receptacles can be found at campus cafes; Individual office composting is starting

Yamamoto, Keith

63

,,,"Incandescent","Standard Fluorescent","Compact Fluorescent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

.",174,173,53,172,"Q","Q","Q" "Food Service ...",349,349,277,308,78,"Q",84 "Health Care ...",127,127,83,126,20,8,34 " Inpatient ...",11,...

64

Slutrapport for PSO 337-068 Udvikling af LED lyskilder og lamper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and RGB Lamps. The objective of this project was to pave the way for replacement of incandescent LED light source with an efficacy of 51 lm/W and a CRI index of 92 that can replace an incandescent

65

Phytotoxicity and Efficacy of Rhapsody (Bacillus subtilis) for Control of Botrytis cinerea on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Horticulture IR4 Center Department of Environmental Horticulture University of California One, Address, Phone#): Dr. Heiner Lieth Department of Environmental Horticulture University of California One temperature of 45°F (7°C). The chamber was lighted 12 hours per day with incandescent lights. The plants were

Lieth, J. Heinrich

66

Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pollution Impact on Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE

67

When Crime Pays: Measuring Judicial Efficacy against Corruption in Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for now - crime pays in Brazil. Paginal5de27 ReferencesEfficacy against Corruption in Brazil Carlos Higino Ribeiroa widespread perception in Brazil that civil servants caught

Ribeiro de Alencar, Carlos Higino; Gico, Ivo Jr.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

ECE 466: LED Lighting Systems -Incandescent lightings rise and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

versus cost - Power Electronic Drives for CFL and LED light sources to achieve dimmable operation - Basic electric AC and DC circuits at Sophomore level or equivalents Absolutes Lighting System Requirements index as a metric of a light source - Power Electronic Energy sources driving light sources in a compact

Schumacher, Russ

69

Cost-Efficacy in Wetland Restoration Projects in Coastal Louisiana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ARTICLE Cost-Efficacy in Wetland Restoration Projects in Coastal Louisiana Joy Merino & Christiane, such as wetland loss, influence CWPPRA project selection for funding. We found that the program was selecting cost- effective projects overall. Cost efficacy varied significantly by restoration project type, with barrier

70

Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emerging Technologies » Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Emerging Technologies » Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project The Department of Energy (DOE) is currently determining how pollution impacts the efficacy of cool roofs. The project specifically is focusing on the efficacy of white roofs in Northern India. The first phase of the project will take physical measurements to characterize the cooling and climate effects of white roofs. Results from this project will provide important guidance to policymakers and planners as they decide where cool roofs would have the greatest benefits. Project Description The project involves the development of advanced surfaces and next-generation materials to improve solar reflectance of roofs; the ability to reflect the visible, infrared and ultraviolet wavelengths of the

71

Glyphosate-Based Herbicidal Ionic Liquids with Increased Efficacy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Greenhouse testing indicated that while at a higher application rate of 360 g/ha the efficacy of all the HILs was comparable to the commercial herbicide control, at a lower application rate of 180 g/ha, the efficacy of all HILs was as much as two and a half to three times higher when compared to the commercial formulation, and the dianionic glyphosates were the most effective. ... In field trials, all but one of the tested HILs demonstrated excellent efficacy. ... Laboratory regrowth tests established that the ionic liquids of glyphosate are efficiently translocated to rhizomes preventing the regrowth of plants. ...

Juliusz Pernak; Micha? Niemczak; Rafa? Giszter; Julia L. Shamshina; Gabriela Gurau; O. Andreea Cojocaru; Tadeusz Praczyk; Katarzyna Marcinkowska; Robin D. Rogers

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

72

Microneedle delivery for improved efficacy of antiretroviral and antibiotic drugs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two classes of drugs, antiretrovirals and antibiotics, could benefit greatly from delivery through microneedles. Microneedles (MN) offer an increase in efficacy for these drugs by providing delivery to the lymphatic system ...

Stauber, Zachary Jason

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

ForPeerReview Persuasive communication and advertising efficacy for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ForPeerReview Persuasive communication and advertising efficacy for public health policy Research Article Keywords: Persuasive communication, Pragmatics, Social advertising, Health communication and preventive advertising. http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/commresearch Communication Researchhalshs-00410054

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

74

SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

An LED lamp or luminaire can generally be found that matches or exceeds the efficacy of benchmark technologies in a given product category, and LED products continue to expand into ever-higher...

75

Efficacy of 45 lm/W Achieved in White OLED  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Universal Display Corporation (UDC) successfully demonstrated an all phosphorescent white organic light emitting diode (WOLED) with a power efficacy of 45 lm/W at 1,000 cd/m2. This high-efficacy device was enabled by lowering the device operating voltage, increasing the outcoupling efficiency to ~40% from ~20%, and by incorporating highly efficient phosphorescent emitters that are capable of converting nearly all current passing through a WOLED into light.

76

An Analysis of Teacher Self-Efficacy, Teacher Trust, and Collective Efficacy in a Southwest Texas School District  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of the study was to investigate relationships among teacher selfefficacy, trust, and collective efficacy among teachers in a southwest Texas school district. The research included three established surveys combined to create a single...

Ball, Jeanette

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

77

Power Planning Challenges in a Fast MarketChallenges in a Fast Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Incandescent 10 80 Downlight CFL 40 88 But it's not all about efficacy: · Cost · Life O t t 4Foot Linear, nondimmable at bottom, and dimmable at top). , p) A halogen incandescent costs about $2.50/klm today. #12

78

Intergenerational parallelism of self-efficacy: moderating variables, mediating variables, and common antecedents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Efficacy????????... 77 Differences among Family Structure, Gender, and Race/Ethnicity???????????????????.. 85 Intergenerational Transmission of Self-Efficacy?????.??.. 100 Intact Family Models??????????????.??.. 101 Single Family Models...???????????...???????????.?. 53 4 Unstandardized (Standardized) Structural Coefficients for Full Model of Intergenerational Transmission of Self-Efficacy among Intact Families??..111 5 Unstandardized (Standardized) Structural Coefficients for Full Model...

Lin, Cheng-Hsien

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

79

SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning  

SciTech Connect

An LED lamp or luminaire can generally be found that matches or exceeds the efficacy of benchmark technologies in a given product category, and LED products continue to expand into ever-higher lumen output niches. However, the price premium for LED continues to pose a barrier to adoption in many applications, in spite of expected savings from reduced energy use and maintenance. Other factorssuch as dimmability and quality of lightcan also present challenges. The appropriate type, timing, and magnitude of energy efficiency activities will vary from organization to organization based on local variables and the method of evaluation. A number of factors merit consideration when prioritizing activities for development. Category-specific projections for pricing and efficacy are provided herein to assist in efficiency program planning efforts.

Tuenge, Jason R.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Polymeric Microcapsules of Cyanazine:? Preparation and Evaluation of Efficacy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pesticide efficacy studies on five weed species (barnyardgrass, smallflower morningglory, crowfootgrass, Florida beggarweed, and Palmer amaranth) were conducted under greenhouse conditions over a period of 12 weeks for study 1 and 25 weeks for study 2, using the commercial formulation Bladex 90 DF for comparison purposes. ... The treated flats were placed in a greenhouse with day length maintained at approximately 14 h by natural or supplemental fluorescent lighting (80-W double fluorescent tubes 8 feet in length) and the temperature ranging from 20 to 34 C. ...

Oliver D. Dailey, Jr.; Clyde C. Dowler

1998-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

An Investigation of the Effect of After-Action Reviews on Teams' Performance-Efficacy Relationships  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

work has provided strong evidence that past performance is a better predictor of future performance than self-efficacy and that self- efficacy explains very little variance in future performance when examined longitudinally after controlling for past...?s assessment of its efficacy will be more congruent with its actual past performance of the task and as such, can be used more effectively by the team in allocating resources in pursuit of successful task performance. For example, a team that performs poorly...

Schurig, Ira

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

82

Factors affecting toxicity and efficacy of polymeric nanomedicines  

SciTech Connect

Nanomedicine is the application of nanotechnology to medicine. The purpose of this article is to review common characteristics of polymeric nanomedicines with respect to passive targeting. We consider several biodegradable polymeric nanomedicines that are between 1 and 100 nm in size, and discuss the impact of this technology on efficacy, pharmacokinetics, toxicity and targeting. The degree of toxicity of polymeric nanomedicines is strongly influenced by the biological conditions of the local environment, which influence the rate of degradation or release of polymeric nanomedicines. The dissemination of polymeric nanomedicines in vivo depends on the capillary network, which can provide differential access to normal and tumor cells. The accumulation of nanomedicines in the microlymphatics depends upon retention time in the blood and extracellular compartments, as well as the type of capillary endothelium surrounding specific tissues. Finally, the toxicity or efficacy of intact nanomedicines is also dependent upon tissue type, i.e., non-endocrine or endocrine tissue, spleen, or lymphatics, as well as tumor type.

Igarashi, Eiki [NanoCarrier Co., Ltd., Chiba 277-0882 (Japan)], E-mail: igarashi@nanocarrier.co.jp

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

Landscape Planning and Biogeochemistry: Estimating and Analyzing Carbon Sequestration Efficacy In Dryland Open Space.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Despite public demand for climate change mitigation and natural open space conservancy, existing political and design efforts are only beginning to address the declining efficacy (more)

Huck, Erick Otto

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Resources Matter: The Role of Social Capital and Collective Efficacy in Mediating Gun Violence.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Abstract This study explains how community activists make use of available social capital and collective efficacy while attempting to mediate gun violence. It specifically focuses (more)

Dean, Jennifer Lynne

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Mathematics Self-Efficacy of Community College Students in Developmental Mathematics Courses.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Mathematics self-efficacy was defined as an individual's beliefs about how he or she would perform a specific math task or in a specific mathematics or (more)

Clutts, David Walker

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

E-Print Network 3.0 - affected saflufenacil efficacy Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(group efficacy), pi is the marginal influence of the individual's ... Source: Lubell, Mark - Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California,...

87

E-Print Network 3.0 - adjust efficacy estimates Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

expected value of collective action increases as perceived personal efficacy Source: Lubell, Mark - Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California,...

88

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessor-blind comparative efficacy Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

expected value of collective action increases as perceived personal efficacy Source: Lubell, Mark - Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California,...

89

Development of High Efficacy, Low Cost Phosphorescent Oled Lightning Luminaire  

SciTech Connect

In this two year program, UDC together with Armstrong World Industries, Professor Stephen Forrest (University of Michigan) and Professor Mark Thompson (University of Southern California) planned to develop and deliver high efficiency OLED lighting luminaires as part of an integrated ceiling illumination system that exceed the Department of Energy (DOE) 2010 performance projections. Specifically the UDC team in 2010 delivered two prototype OLED ceiling illumination systems, each consisting of four individual OLED lighting panels on glass integrated into Armstrong's novel TechZone open architecture ceiling systems, at an overall system efficacy of 51 lm/W, a CRI = 85 and a projected lifetime to 70% of initial luminance to exceed 10,000 hours. This accomplishment represents a 50% increase in luminaire efficacy and a factor of two in lifetime over that outlined in the solicitation. In addition, the team has also delivered one 15cm x 15cm lighting panel fabricated on a flexible metal foil substrate, demonstrating the possibility using OLEDs in a range of form factors. During this program, our Team has pursued the commercialization of these OLED based ceiling luminaires, with a goal to launch commercial products within the next three years. We have proven that our team is ideally suited to develop these highly novel and efficient solid state lighting luminaires, having both the technical experience and commercial strategy to leverage work performed under this contract. Our calculations show that the success of our program could lead to energy savings of more than 0.5 quads or 8 MMTC (million metric tons of carbon) per year by 2016.

Michael Hack

2010-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

90

Abstract 4241: Preclinical studies of brain/brain tumor disposition and antitumor efficacy of the aromatase inhibitor letrozole  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...San Diego, CA Abstract 4241: Preclinical studies of brain/brain tumor disposition and antitumor efficacy of the aromatase...target for the treatment of CNS malignancies, as well as brain disposition and anti-tumor efficacy of letrozole, an...

Nimita Dave; Pankaj B. Desai; Gary A. Gudelsky; Kathleen LaSance; Lionel M.L. Chow; Xiaoyang Qi

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Energy-efficient compact screw-in fluorescent lamp. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A compact fluorescent lamp has been designed and constructed which can replace an incandescent lamp. The lamp is slightly larger than a standard lamp (8 3/4 in. x 3 1/4 in.), but is designed to fit a majority of portable lamp applications. This version, with a core-coil ballast, results in a system efficacy of 54 lumens per watt, with a light output of more than 1800 lumens. This compares favorably with a 100-watt incandescent (17.5 lumens per watt and 1750 lumens light output). The color temperature of 3000/sup 0/K is compatible with an incandescent lamp (2800/sup 0/K). The color rendition index (CRI) is 84. With a solid-state ballast, the efficacy and light output could be increased by 20% (65 l/w, 2200 lumens) and could provide a direct replacement for a three-way, 150-watt incandescent lamp (15 l/w, 2200 lumens).

Morton, E.W.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

An investigation of the effect of spacing of practice on the performance-efficacy relationship  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of the current study was to investigate the relationship between training performance and selfefficacy using a longitudinal design (approximately 11 weeks) in the context of massed and distributed practice. Limited attention...

Bhupatkar, Alok Ashutosh

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

93

Structured communication: effects on teaching efficacy of student teachers and student teacher - cooperating teacher relationships  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Teaching efficacy beliefs of agricultural science student teachers, and their relationship with their cooperating teachers during field experiences, are variables that may affect the number of student teachers entering the profession. The purpose...

Edgar, Don Wayne

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

94

An Exploratory Study of Teacher Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Profssional Learning Community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The exploratory study sought to examine the relationships between teachers' self-efficacy beliefs and professional learning community. Specifically, this study presents a quantitative analysis of the relationship between teachers' perceptions...

Romeo, Susan M.

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

95

Spectral optimization of color temperature tunable white LEDs with excellent color rendering and luminous efficacy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The optimization model of limited luminous efficacy (LLE) for correlated color temperature (CCT) tunable phosphor-coated white light-emitting diodes (pc-W LEDs) consisting of blue...

He, Guoxing; Tang, Ju

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Relation Among Efficacy of Insecticides, Resistance Levels, and Sanitation in the Control of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

correlation was confirmed between poor sanitation and higher cockroach populations. Improved sanitaryRelation Among Efficacy of Insecticides, Resistance Levels, and Sanitation in the Control test). KEY WORDS Insecta, Blattella germanica, sanitation, resistance CURRENT RECOMMENDAn

97

Aerosol Mass Spectrometry via Laser-Induced Incandescence Particle Vaporization Final Report  

SciTech Connect

We have successfully developed and commercialized a soot particle aerosol mass spectrometer (SP-AMS) instrument to measure mass, size, and chemical information of soot particles in ambient environments. The SP-AMS instrument has been calibrated and extensively tested in the laboratory and during initial field studies. The first instrument paper describing the SP-AMS has been submitted for publication in a peer reviewed journal and there are several related papers covering initial field studies and laboratory studies that are in preparation. We have currently sold 5 SP-AMS instruments (either as complete systems or as SP modules to existing AMS instrument operators).

Timothy B. Onasch

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

98

Table of Contents Page i 2013 Residential Compliance Manual January 2014  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

............................................................................24 6.4.2 Incandescent Luminaires

99

Predictors of Working Alliance Efficacy Among State VR Counselors as a Function of Ex-offender Status.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to determine if statistically significant relationships existed between burnout, stigma, flourishing, caseload size, experience, and working alliance self-efficacy and (more)

Bates, Julie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Efficacy, Safety, and Immunogenicity of an Enterovirus 71 Vaccine in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for 80% statistical power to show that the lower bound of the 95% confidence interval for vaccine efficacy exceeded that observed with placebo at a significance level of 0.05, assuming a vaccine efficacy rate of 80% and an incidence density of 8 cases of EV71-associated hand, foot, and mouth disease or... Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is an important cause of hand, foot, and mouth disease, especially in China. In this phase 3 trial involving 10,077 infants and children in China, an EV71 vaccine provided protection against EV71-associated disease.

Zhu F.; Xu W.; Xia J.

2014-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Collective efficacy as identified by teachers at Heritage Middle School, East Central Independent School District, San Antonio, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the students at Heritage Middle School successful. iv The second question studied was, What is the relationship between selected demographic variables and the perceptions of the teachers regarding collective efficacy at Heritage Middle School, East Central... Based on Ethnicity ............................................................................................. 64 10 Independent Samples t-test of the White and Hispanic Teachers From Heritage Middle School in the Perceived Collective Efficacy Survey...

Naumann, Luisa Maria

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

102

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.6 Efficiency Standards for Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 4 Lighting Standards for General Service Incandescent Lamps Prescribed by EISA 2007 General Service Incandescent Effective Date Maximum Wattage Rated Lumen Range Minimum Life Modified Spectrum General Service Incandescent Effective Date Maximum Wattage Rated Lumen Range Minimum Life By 2020, the minimum efficacy for general service incandescent will be 45 lm/W unless the Secretary of Energy has implemented another standard which saves as much or more energy than a 45 lm/W standard. Source(s): U. S. Government, Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, January 2007, Section 321. 2014 43 563-787 1000 hrs. 2015 29 232-563 1000 hrs. 2012 72 1,118-1,950 1000 hrs. 2013 53 788-1,117 1000 hrs. 2014 43 750-1,049 1000 hrs. 2015 29 310-749 1000 hrs. 2012 72 1,490-2,600 1000 hrs. 2013 53 1,050-1,498

103

REAL-WORLD EFFICACY OF HEAVY DUTY DIESEL TRUCK NOX AND PM EMISSIONS CONTROLS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are International. b DOC = Diesel Oxidation Catalyst; DPF = Diesel Particulate Filter; EGR = Exhaust GasREAL-WORLD EFFICACY OF HEAVY DUTY DIESEL TRUCK NOX AND PM EMISSIONS CONTROLS Gurdas Sandhu H 26-28, 2012 #12;2 Objectives 1. Quantify inter-run variability in exhaust emission rates 2. Assess

Frey, H. Christopher

104

OBIT DEVELOPMENT MEMO SERIES NO. 21 1 Efficacy of Obit Threading on an EVLA Dataset  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OBIT DEVELOPMENT MEMO SERIES NO. 21 1 Efficacy of Obit Threading on an EVLA Dataset W. D. Cotton, R of the Obit wide bandwidth imager MFImage in realistic tests on an EVLA dataset including multiple iterations://www.cv.nrao.edu/bcotton/Obit.html) to do wide- band imaging of a recent EVLA dataset. This test uses multiple iterations of self

Groppi, Christopher

105

Efficacy of intramuscular amopyroquin for treatment of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in the Gabon Republic.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in the Gabon Republic. C Gaudebout E Pussard F Clavier...152 patients (children and adults) in Gabon with Plasmodium falciparum malaria. All...of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in the Gabon Republic. | The efficacy of a 12-mg...

C Gaudebout; E Pussard; F Clavier; D Gueret; J Le Bras; O Brandicourt; F Verdier

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Efficacy of Imazapyr and Glyphosate in the Control of Non-Native Phragmites australis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficacy of Imazapyr and Glyphosate in the Control of Non-Native Phragmites australis Thomas J reed (Phragmites australis) has been expanding into previously unoccupied wetland habitats throughout, phragmites, wetlands. Introduction The common reed (Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. Ex Steud.) has been

McGlathery, Karen

107

Efficacy of ICON(R) Maxx in the laboratory and against insecticide-resistant Anopheles gambiae in central Cote d'Ivoire  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

21]. Bioassays Efficacy of ICON Maxx was assessed in WHOand blood-feeding rate in ICON Maxx-treated huts versusOpen Access Efficacy of ICON Maxx in the laboratory and

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

OSRAM SYLVANIA Demonstrates 1,439-Lumen Downlight with Efficacy of 82 lm/W  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

OSRAM SYLVANIA researchers have demonstrated a downlight luminaire that achieves 1,439 lumens at an efficacy of 82 lm/W in steady-state operation. These results exceed the project goals of achieving 1,300 lumens and 70 lm/W at a CCT of 3500K and CRI of 80. Improvements in LED chips, phosphors, optics, electronics, and thermal management at OSRAM all contributed to the higher-than-projected luminaire performance.

109

Brain-Penetrating Nanoparticles Improve Paclitaxel Efficacy in Malignant Glioma Following Local Administration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Brain-Penetrating Nanoparticles Improve Paclitaxel Efficacy in Malignant Glioma Following Local Administration ... At day 15 after tumor inoculation, brains were harvested standard hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining to identify any changes in histological architecture, cell morphology, cellularity, and overall tumor integrity caused by the treatment. ... A 400-kHz focused ultrasound generator was used to transcranially disrupt the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in rat brains by delivering burst-tone ultrasound energy in the presence of microbubbles. ...

Elizabeth Nance; Clark Zhang; Ting-Yu Shih; Qingguo Xu; Benjamin S. Schuster; Justin Hanes

2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

110

Influence of top removal on tebuthiuron efficacy for live oak control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1986 Major Subject: Range Science INFLUENCE OF TOP REMOVAL ON TEBUTHIURON EFFICACY FOR LIVE OAK CONTROL A Thesis by STEPHEN MICHAEL SWETISH Approved as to style and content by: Char es J cifr (Chair of Committee) Rodney W. Bovey (Member.... ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I extend my love and appreciation to my lovely wife Liz for her understanding and support throughout the term of this study. Also, special thanks to my parents Paul and Elvira Swetish for their never ending supoort and confidence. I wish...

Swetish, Stephen Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

111

Outcome-expectancy and self-efficacy: Reasons or results of flood preparedness intention?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study will examine whether the relationship between flood disaster preparedness intention and outcome-expectancy is mediated by self-efficacy (Casual chain model) or whether outcome-expectancy and self-efficacy of a disaster preparedness measure and/or action are expression of a more general attitude toward disaster preparedness (Associationist view). The nature of relationships between these three variables had been explored by comparing the zero-order relations and the correlations after controlling the third variable. The study primarily was on a survey conducted through face to face structured interviews in three flood prone slum communities in Mumbai. We found that Casual chain method was applicable only for evacuation behavior, otherwise strong support was observed in favor of Associationist view in other flood preparedness measures such as raising plinth level, use durable building materials, store drinking water and food and using sandbags. These findings counter the conventional cognitive approach or casual chain model which advocates the relationship between outcome-expectancy, self-efficacy and preparedness intention; respectively sequential. Instead, this study suggest that disaster preparedness in many cases may depend on individuals general attitude which may be governed by their culture and group norms.

Subhajyoti Samaddar; Roshni Chatterjee; Bijayanad Misra; Hirokazu Tatano

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Power Quality Improvements in Lighting Systems Mr. Ashish Shrivastava  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from early incandescent lamps to present generation light emitting diodes (LEDs). Incandescent light

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

113

Assessing the Performance of 5mm White LED Light Sources for Developing-Country Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

performance variations. Incandescent and fluorescent lightbetter than the common incandescent lamp. Off-grid lighting

Mills, Evan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION INTO THE MODERATING RELATIONSHIP OF COMPUTER SELF-EFFICACY ON PERFORMANCE IN A COMPUTER-SUPPORTED TASK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer Self-Efficacy has been shown to be a critical construct in a number of research areas within the Information Systems literature, most notably training, technology adoption, and performance in computer-related tasks. Attention has been...

Aguirre Urreta, Miguel Ignacio

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Abstract 2986: Novel vascular targeting strategy using pegylated liposomal doxorubicin to increase drug accumulation to tumor site and therapeutic efficacy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and therapeutic efficacy Kenji Yokoi Tomonori Tanei Yuki Saito Mauro Ferrari Houston Methodist Research Institute, Houston, TX...Citation Format: Kenji Yokoi, Tomonori Tanei, Yuki Saito, Mauro Ferrari. Novel vascular targeting strategy using pegylated...

Kenji Yokoi; Tomonori Tanei; Yuki Saito; Mauro Ferrari

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

The Efficacy of Trichlorphon and Naphthalophos against Multiple Anthelmintic-Resistant Nematodes of Naturally Infected Sheep in Argentina  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An anthelmintic efficacy trial was conducted in sheep harbouring anthelmintic-resistant worms in Argentina. Seventy lambs were selected from a flock that had been grazed on pastures infected with trichostrongy...

Csar Fiel; Maricel Guzmn; Pedro Steffan; Edgardo Rodriguez

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

The potential impact of global warming on the efficacy of field margins sown for the conservation of bumble-bees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Raffaelli The potential impact of global warming on the efficacy of field margins...change. We simulated the effect of global warming on the network of plant-pollinator...future-proof margins against global warming are discussed. climate change...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Abstract 835: Fisetin enhances the efficacy of cabazitaxel chemotherapy in prostate metastatic and multidrug- resistant cancer cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2014; San Diego, CA Abstract 835: Fisetin enhances the efficacy of cabazitaxel chemotherapy...patients. Here, we investigated whether fisetin, a dietary flavonoid, could sensitize...cabazitaxel treatment. The effect of fisetin in enhancing the response of cancer cells...

Eiman Mukhtar; Vaqar Mustafa Adhami; Hasan Mukhtar

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Development and Validation of an In Vitro Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Model to Test the Antibacterial Efficacy of Antibiotic Polymer Conjugates.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Rights Reserved. 2014 research-article Development and Validation of an In Vitro Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Model to Test the Antibacterial Efficacy of Antibiotic Polymer Conjugates. Ernest A. Azzopardi 1 2 * Elaine L. Ferguson 1 David W. Thomas...

Ernest A. Azzopardi; Elaine L. Ferguson; David W. Thomas

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

120

Encapsulated interferon-tau during Theiler's virus-induced demyelinating disease: efficacy of treatment and immune response profile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

significant number suffer severe negative side effects and must cease treatment. Thus, alternative therapeutics that offer less cytotoxicity and greater efficacy are a major objective of research. This dissertation evaluated a novel type I interferon...

Dean, Dana Deanna

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Teacher self-efficacy in Cape Town : a bottom up approach to enhancing the quality of education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Personal teacher self-efficacy (PTE), or the belief in one's own ability to overcome a particular challenge, often acts as a catalyst for teachers to improve the effectiveness of their teaching. Gaining PTE can translate ...

Kim, YeSeul

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Comparison of technologies for new energy-efficient lamps  

SciTech Connect

Energy-efficient light bulbs are being developed to replace the incandescent lamp where they can satisfy the design criteria and be used in sockets that have long hours of annual use. The four technologies discussed here include the compact fluorescent lamp, coated-filament lamp, electrodeless fluorescent lamp, and compact high-intensity discharge lamp. The systems demonstrate efficacy improvements of two to four times that of their incandescent counterparts. These new lamps have required considerable advances in lamp technology. They offer the potential for achieving efficacies close to 80 lumens per watt. These new lamps will reduce the energy used annually by incandescent lamps (190 BkWh) by more than 50% in the 1990s, at which times they will be commonly employed.

Verderber, R.R.; Rubinstein, F.R.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Comparison of technologies for new energy-efficient lamps  

SciTech Connect

Energy-efficient light bulbs are being developed to replace the incandescent lamp where they can satisfy the design criteria and be used in sockets that have long hours of annual use. The four technologies discussed include the compact fluorescent lamp, coated-filament lamp, electrodeless fluorescent lamp, and compact high-intensity discharge lamp. The systems demonstrate efficacy improvements of two to four times that of their incandescent counterparts. These new lamps have required considerable advances in lamp technology. They offer the potential for achieving efficacies close to 80 lm/W. These new lamps will reduce the energy used annually by incandescent lamps (190 billion kWh) by more than 50 percent in the 1990's, at which times they will be commonly employed.

Verderber, R.R.; Rubinstein, F.M.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Potential cellular targets and antibacterial efficacy of atmospheric pressure non-thermal plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Atmospheric pressure non-thermal plasma (APNTP) has been gaining increasing interest as a new alternative antibacterial approach. Although this approach has demonstrated promising antibacterial activity, its exact mechanism of action remains unclear. Mechanistic elucidation of the antimicrobial activity will facilitate development and rational optimisation of this approach for potential medical applications. In this study, the antibacterial efficacy of an in-house-built APNTP jet was evaluated alongside an investigation of the interactions between APNTP and major cellular components in order to identify the potential cellular targets involved in plasma-mediated bacterial destruction mechanisms. The investigated plasma jet exhibited excellent, rapid antibacterial activity against a selected panel of clinically significant bacterial species including Bacillus cereus, meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, all of which were completely inactivated within 2min of plasma exposure. Plasma-mediated damaging effects were observed, to varying degrees, on all of the investigated cellular components including DNA, a model protein enzyme, and lipid membrane integrity and permeability. The antibacterial efficacy of APNTP appears to involve a multiple-target mechanism, which potentially reduces the likelihood of emergence of microbial resistance towards this promising antimicrobial approach. However, cellular membrane damage and resulting permeability perturbation was found to be the most likely rate-determining step in this mechanism.

Mahmoud Y. Alkawareek; Sean P. Gorman; William G. Graham; Brendan F. Gilmore

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Confocal microphotoluminescence of InGaN-based light-emitting diodes Koichi Okamoto,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for conventional incandescent and fluorescent light bulbs.5 However, luminous efficacies of commercial white LEDs spectrum region, the external quantum efficiency ext of the LED has achieved 20% at room temperature 25 lm/W have been still lower than that of fluorescent tubes 75 lm/W . Thus, the most important re

Okamoto, Koichi

126

Tumor blood vessel "normalization" improves the therapeutic efficacy of boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) in experimental oral cancer  

SciTech Connect

We previously demonstrated the efficacy of BNCT mediated by boronophenylalanine (BPA) to treat tumors in a hamster cheek pouch model of oral cancer with no normal tissue radiotoxicity and moderate, albeit reversible, mucositis in precancerous tissue around treated tumors. It is known that boron targeting of the largest possible proportion of tumor cells contributes to the success of BNCT and that tumor blood vessel normalization improves drug delivery to the tumor. Within this context, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of blood vessel normalization on the therapeutic efficacy and potential radiotoxicity of BNCT in the hamster cheek pouch model of oral cancer.

D. W. Nigg

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Safety and Efficacy of a Pentavalent HumanBovine (WC3) Reassortant Rotavirus Vaccine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and safety end-point adjudication committee (listed in Part I of the Supplementary Appendix). The investigators had access to all study data. This report was drafted primarily by Drs. Vesikari, Dallas, DiNubile, and Heaton and was reviewed and approved by each coauthor. The Indian Health Service approved... In this randomized trial, the clinical efficacy of an oral, live pentavalent humanbovine reassortant vaccine was estimated to be 98.0 percent against severe gastroenteritis due to rotavirus. In the safety study, which included 68,038 infants, the rates of intussusception were similar in the vaccine and placebo groups (relative risk, 0.8; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.3 to 1.8).

Vesikari T.; Matson D.O.; Dennehy P.

2006-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

128

Efficacy of multimedia learning modules as preparation for lecture-based tutorials in electromagnetism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have investigated the efficacy of online, multimedia learning modules (MLMs) as preparation for in-class, lecture-based tutorials in electromagnetism in a physics course for natural science majors (biology and marine science). Specifically, we report the results of a multiple-group pre/post-test research design comparing two groups receiving different treatments with respect to activities preceding participation in Tutorials in Introductory Physics. The different pre-tutorial activities where as follows: (1) students were assigned reading from a traditional textbook, followed by a traditional lecture; and (2) students completed online multimedia learning modules developed by the Physics Education Research Group at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign (UIUC), and commercially known as smartPhysics. The MLM treatment group earned significantly higher mid-term examination scores and larger gains in content knowledge as measured by the Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism (CSEM). Student at...

Moore, J Christopher

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Systematic review of efficacy of LIFT procedure in crpytoglandular fistula-in-ano  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractBackground fistula-in-ano is a common problem. Ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT) is a new addition to the list of operations available to deal with complex fistula-in-ano. Objective we sought to qualitatively analyze studies describing LIFT for crpytoglandular fistula-in-ano and determine its efficacy. Data sources MEDLINE (Pubmed, Ovid), Embase, Scopus and Cochrane Library were searched. Study selection all clinical trials which studied LIFT or compared LIFT with other methods of treatment for anal fistulae, prospective observational studies, clinical registry data and retrospective case series which reported clinical healing of the fistula as the outcome were included. Case reports, studies reporting a combination with other technique, modified technique, abstracts, letters and comments were excluded. Intervention the intervention was ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract in crpytoglandular fistula-in-ano. Main outcome measure primary outcome measured was success rate (fistula healing rate) and length of follow-up.

Jothi Murugesan; Isabella Mor; Stephen Fulham; Kerry Hitos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

The Impact of Teachers' Expectations, Parents' Expectations, and Academic Self-Efficacy on the Achievement of English Language Learners  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and Academic Self-Efficacy on the Achievement of English Language Learners. (August 2012) Vivina Yukari Rivera, B.A., Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Cynthia A. Riccio Given the projected increase of Hispanic Spanish... ...................................................................................................... 101 APPENDIX A ....................................................................................................... 145 APPENDIX B ........................................................................................................ 147...

Rivera, Vivina

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

131

A simple evaluation of global and diffuse Luminous Efficacy for all sky conditions in tropical and humid climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reason that prompts us to study these luminous efficacy values is that simulation software for buildings introduced in the software enables illuminance values simulation using solar irradiance databases. Firstly obtained are used in CODYRUN 2 simulation software for predicted illuminance values in Reunion Island. 2

Boyer, Edmond

132

Safety and efficacy for new techniques and imaging using new equipment to support European legislation: an EU coordination action  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......JAFROC) 2.0 software. A method for...ethical issues in radiation protection research...medical imaging, safety dilemmas and...special issue of Radiation Protection Dosimetry...Open-Source software that was regarded...use of ionising radiation in this field...efficacy and safety in IR, the achievements......

J. Zoetelief; K. Faulkner

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

199USDAForestServiceGen.Tech.Rep.PSW-GTR-160.1997. Efficacy of HerbicideApplication Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

version of this paper was presented at the Symposium on Oak Woodlands: Ecology,Management,andUrban199USDAForestServiceGen.Tech.Rep.PSW-GTR-160.1997. Efficacy of HerbicideApplication Methods Used tanoak (although tanoak is presently useful for fuelwood in the Santa Cruz area). Finding an effective

Standiford, Richard B.

134

The efficacy of salmon carcass analogs for enhancing stream and fish production in the Wind River watershed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The efficacy of salmon carcass analogs for enhancing stream and fish production in the Wind River watershed, Washington, to evaluate the effects of nutrient enhancement on measures of stream and fish production. We compared low level water chemistry, water quality, and periphyton, insect, and fish production

135

Students' self-concept and self-efficacy in the sciences: Differential relations to antecedents and educational outcomes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Self-concept and self-efficacy are two of the most important motivational predictors of educational outcomes. As most research has studied these constructs separately, little is known about their differential relations to peer ability, opportunities-to-learn in classrooms, and educational outcomes. We investigated these relations by applying (multilevel) structural equation modeling to the German PISA 2006 data set. We found a correlation of ??=?.57 between self-concept and self-efficacy in science, advocating distinguishable constructs. Furthermore, science self-concept was better predicted by the average peer achievement (Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect), whereas science self-efficacy was more strongly affected by inquiry-based learning opportunities. There were also differences in the predictive potential for educational outcomes: Self-concept was a better predictor of future-oriented motivation to aspire a career in the sciences, whereas self-efficacy was a better predictor of current ability. The study at hand provides strong evidence for the related but distinct nature of the two constructs and extends existing research on students' competence beliefs toward social comparisons and opportunities-to-learn. Further implications for the relevance of inquiry-based classroom activities and for the assessment of competence beliefs are discussed.

Malte Jansen; Ronny Scherer; Ulrich Schroeders

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

To quiver or to shiver: increased melanization benefits thermoregulation, but reduces warning signal efficacy in the wood tiger moth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...reduces warning signal efficacy in the wood tiger moth Robert H. Hegna 1 Ossi Nokelainen...variation in the warning signal of adult male wood tiger moths (Parasemia plantaginis...and thermoregulation [17,34]. The wood tiger moth (Parasemia plantaginis) is...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Soot particle size measurements in laminar premixed ethylene flames with laser-induced incandescence and scanning mobility particle sizer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health, Environment International 32 (4): 560-566 (2006) Jacobson MZ, Climate Response of Fossil Fuel

Yin, Chung-Yuan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

The National Energy Policy Act and lamp replacement options  

SciTech Connect

The National Policy Act of 1992 involves the creation of energy efficiency standards for a wide range of products including fluorescent and incandescent lamps. Minimum efficacy (lumens per watt) and color rendering index (CRI) standards are mandated for the popular fluorescent lamps: four-foot medium bi-pin, two-foot U-bent, eight-foot slimline and eight-foot high output. Minimum efficacies are mandated for specific incandescent R and PAR reflector lamps. These standards will affect selected colors and designs of fluorescent lamps, the most significant being the standard lamps in the cool white and warm white colors. The incandescent reflector lamps will include the R-30, R-40, PAR-38 lamps above 40 watts, excluding the halogen types. These efficiency and color rendering standards will require end-users and specifiers to select replacement fluorescent lamps from a range of performance characteristics (lumen output, efficacy, CRI and price). The choice of replacement for the R and PAR incandescent lamps will include the halogen designs and compact fluorescent designs. In this paper, replacement options will be analyzed and discussed and the effect of these options on the performance of the lighting system will be explored in detail.

Ryerson, C.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Zinc Oxide and Nitride Nanowire Based Light Emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

only be able to find incandescent lightbulbs and fluorescent10: Output spectra of incandescent light bulb, fluorescentemission spectra. The incandescent light bulb for example

Lai, Elaine Michelle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Building Technologies Program - 1995 Annual Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

more efficient than typical incandescent lamps (17 lpw),near term with the ubiquitous incandescent light bulb in theyet fit in virtually any incandescent socket. Emboldened by

Selkowitz, S.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

project. Modify the default values to suit your project requirements. Existing incandescent lamp wattage Watts Incandescent lamp cost dollars Incandescent lamp life 1000 hours...

142

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Equipment years years Incandescent Lamps (Residential)W CFL 4hr/day Chinese Data Incandescent Lamps (Commercial)and Industrial End Uses Incandescent Lamps Refrigerators Air

McNeil, Michael A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Estimate of Technical Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for typical wattage of incandescent bulbs and hours of usagefor which we assume that incandescent bulbs gradually getsimilar to that of incandescent or fluorescent bulbs. These

Letschert, Virginie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Status and Opportunities for Improving the Consistency of Technical Reference Manuals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

than an equivalent incandescent). More recent TRMs tend torequiring standard incandescent bulbs to be 30% morea ratio of average incandescent wattage removed to average

Jayaweera, Tina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lighting (replacement of incandescent lamps with CFLs) withof each type of lamp: incandescent; fluorescent tubes; andless consumptive than incandescent bulbs. Second, it impacts

McNeil, Michael A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Impact of Large Scale Energy Efficiency Programs On Consumer Tariffs and Utility Finances in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consumers to replace incandescent bulbs with CFLs. Weprograms (for example, incandescent bulbs) and j indicatesend-use (for example, incandescent bulbs) in 2011 and, T c

Abhyankar, Nikit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps EPACTBallasts and Fixtures General Service Incandescent Lamps,Intermediate Base Incandescent Lamps and Candelabra Base

Meyers, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Stalled on the Road to the Market: Analysis of Field Experience with a Project to Promote Lighting Efficiency in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

several rea- sons: (1) incandescent lamps, the products thatin replacing an incandescent with a CFL is unmatched in anysame quantity of light as an incandescent lamp. The BELLE

Gadgil, A.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Residential Electricity Demand in China -- Can Efficiency Reverse the Growth?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2000: Lighting Type Incandescent Fluorescent CFL Percentagescenario, we assume that incandescent bulbs are graduallyW 60W 15W Fluorescent Lamps Incandescent Lamps CFL We then

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy consumed by an incandescent bulb is emitted in thefluorescent (CFL), and incandescent lights typically arelamps in place of incandescent bulbs in most cases; and

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Quality and Performance of LED Flashlights in Kenya: Common End User Preferences and Complaints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shift from conventional incandescent technology to modernby dry cell batteries, incandescent flashlights powered by aSLA battery, and incandescent flashlights powered by dry

Tracy, Jenny

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHTING PROGRAM. CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT DIVISION ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

socket for a standard incandescent lamp. Once the diffuserwhether the lamp is fluorescent or incandescent, Comparedto the incandescent lamp, the circline fluorescent improves

Berman, S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 through 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps EPACTBallasts and Fixtures General Service Incandescent Lamps,Intermediate Base Incandescent Lamps and Candelabra Base

Meyers, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Controls for Solid-State Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

very high would replace incandescent and halogen A modernmotion sensor, the incandescent lamp switches on providing awork with fluorescent and incandescent lighting as well as

Rubinstein, Francis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

2006 Status Report Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) Voluntary Labeling Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10,000 hours) than incandescent lamps (usually estimated atcurrent plus several future incandescent lamp purchases. Themany times longer than incandescent lamps, maintenance costs

Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Sanchez, Marla; Homan, Gregory K.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

people reported using an incandescent dry cell flashlightpurchasers. TypeofLight Incandescent LEDdrycell LEDLED rechargeable, and incandescent dry cell flashlights were

Tracy, Jennifer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

out of inefficient incandescent light bulbs”, informationof a complete phasing out of incandescent lamps by 2009. Theof an import restriction on incandescent general lighting

McNeil, MIchael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Potential Impact of Adopting Maximum Technologies as Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and general lighting incandescent services (GLIS) areLighting Phase out of incandescent lighting has been passedout of general service incandescent lamps (GSIL) which dont

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps MediumBallasts and Fixtures General Service Incandescent Lamps,Intermediate Base Incandescent Lamps and Candelabra Base

Meyers, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Economic Analysis of Ilumex, A Project to Promote Energy-Efficient Residential Lighting in Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results for Replaceable Incandescent Lamps GUADALAJARA:new pesoslkWh respectively. Incandescent bulb purchase iscompared to conventional incandescent lamps, but its much

Sathaye, Jayant A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Estimate of Cost-Effective Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies Energy Savings, Environmental and Financial Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lighting, we assume that incandescent bulbs have a one-yeargigaton Indonesia India incandescent Lamp Japan Koreaprice data for 60-watt incandescent bulbs, excluding non-

Letschert, Virginie E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Radiative Heat Transfer in Enhanced Hydrogen Outgassing of Glass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

samples are exposed to an incandescent lamp. Acknowledgmentin a furnace or by an incandescent lamp. It was observedwhen heated by an incandescent lamp than within furnace.

Kitamura, Rei; Pilon, Laurent

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

2007 Status Report: Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) VoluntaryLabeling Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10,000 hours) than incandescent lamps (usually estimated atcurrent plus several future incandescent lamp purchases. Themany times longer than incandescent lamps, maintenance costs

Sanchez, Marla; Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Homan, Gregory K.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Analysis of Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards for Residential General Service Lighting in Chile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

phasing out the use of incandescent lamps. Following majorproposed phase out of incandescent bulbs in Chile. 2 Lifeless energy: here incandescent lights (IL) are evaluated

Letschert, Virginie E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Industrial End Uses Incandescent Lamps RefrigeratorsMachines IndustrialMotors IncandescentLamps StandbyPowerGasWater Heaters, Incandescent Lamps,286 Industrial

McNeil, Michael A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Assessing the Performance of LED-Based Flashlights Available in the Kenyan Off-Grid Lighting Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

have largely displaced incandescent flashlights in retailinvolving the use of incandescent lighting, unless there areFluorescent Flashlight C Incandescent SPX 50 Fluorescent y x

Tracy, Jennifer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

2005 Status Report Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) Voluntary Labeling Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10,000 hours) than incandescent lamps (usually estimated atcurrent plus several future incandescent lamp purchases. Themany times longer than incandescent lamps, maintenance costs

Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Sanchez, Marla

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Max Tech and Beyond: Fluorescent Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps; Finalmany end- use applications. Incandescent Outdoor Stationaryof color compared with the incandescent reference source is

Scholand, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2012)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gradually Phasing Out Incandescent Lamps in China has beenhand, a phase- out of incandescent lamps has begun to Gradually Phasing Out Incandescent Lamps in China in 2011.

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Managing Your Energy: An ENERGY STAR(R) Guide for Identifying Energy Savings in Manufacturing Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fluorescent (CFL), and incandescent lights are typicallyhours) Applications Incandescent Task Halogen Task CFL TaskCenter of Wisconsin. Replace incandescent lamps with compact

Worrell, Ernst

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Energy Data Sourcebook for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

device. For instance, an incandescent bulb used one hour persockets. We create incandescent bulb UECs by both hours ofand lifetimes for standard incandescent bulbs and their more

Wenzel, T.P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Making the Market Right for Environmentally Sound Energy-Efficient Technologies: U.S. Buildings Sector Successes that Might Work in Developing Countries and Eastern Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

than their 100-year old incandescent ancestors. However,Hz core-coil ballasts. Incandescent lighting consumes aboutthe developing world, incandescent lamps drive peak demand,

Gadgil, A.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

weighted average across incandescent, CFL, and non-ENERGYreports power savings from incandescent/CFL lamp replacementreplacement of a 65 W incandescent lamp with a 16 W compact

Sanchez, Marla Christine

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Max Tech and Beyond: High-Intensity Discharge Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of color compared with the incandescent reference source isin this report. Standard Incandescent Halogen Low-Pressure:value equivalent to an incandescent filament lamp. Taking

Scholand, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Synthesis and characterization of visible emission from rare-earth doped aluminum nitride, gallium nitride and gallium aluminum nitride powders and thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

residential lighting using incandescent lights [2], as shownenergy used for the incandescent lamp is wasted as infraredlight source to replace incandescent lighting [1]. Figure

Tao, Jonathan Huai-Tse

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Acting Globally: Potential Carbon Emissions Mitigation Impacts from an International Standards and Labelling Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

both fluorescent and incandescent), standby power (forFluorescent Tubes Incandescent Lamps All % of CFL variableRefrigerator Savings Incandescent Lamp Savings Fluorescent

Letschert, Virginie E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial Equipment Incandescent Lamps Refrigerators RoomElectricWaterHeaters IncandescentLamps In2020 In2030512 CentralAC& HP,264 Incandescent Lamps,513 Standby

Bojda, Nicholas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Energy Management A Program of Energy Conservation for the Community College Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

whenever possible) Lamps Type (incandescent, fluorescent,are as follows: Lamp Type Incandescent FI uorescent Mercurylumens/watt lumens/watt Incandescent Mercury Metal Additive

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Use Patterns of LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis of Flashlight Ownership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Kenya, outpacing incandescent flashlights (Johnstone etbenefits relative to incandescent bulbs, and low-cost LEDsby dry cell batteries, incandescent flashlights powered by a

Tracy, Jennifer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

52LPW assuming 80% incandescent @14LPW goes to CFL @52LPWthan the traditional incandescent lighting it is replacingbest technology Lighting Incandescent, fluorescent, LED

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Parental reports on the efficacy of treatments and therapies for their children with autism spectrum disorders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) try many and varied interventions and therapies in the hopes of improving their children's outcomes; however, empirical evidence supporting (or opposing) the vast majority of treatments is limited or nonexistent. This study examined caregiver efficacy ratings for a wide range of biological and educational/behavioral treatments commonly used for children with ASD. A web-based questionnaire regarding the development of children with ASD was distributed nationally and internationally through more than 200 autism-support organizations; results were analyzed from 479 parents (91% mothers) who reported on their children with autism, Asperger's syndrome, or PDD-NOS (M age=8.3 years, 80.2% male). Improvement whether small or dramatic was rated for 5080% of children in each of 9 drug categories, while ratings of child became worse were reported for 1520.3%. Approximately half of children were said to improve while on a special diet; 51% of those on a gluten-free and/or casein-free (GF/CF) diet were reportedly improved, while no observable effects of the GF/CF diet were indicated for about one quarter of participating children. For 10 of the 16 educational/behavioral therapies, parents reported improvement for approximately 70% of children. The most common rating was child improved somewhat followed by child improved dramatically. Results are discussed relative to the meaning of improvement in ASD and in light of both placebo effects and cost of treatments/therapies.

Robin P. Goin-Kochel; Virginia H. Mackintosh; Barbara J. Myers

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Liposomal encapsulation of the natural flavonoid fisetin improves bioavailability and antitumor efficacy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The natural flavonoid fisetin (3,3?,4?,7-tetrahydroxyflavone) has shown antiangiogenic and anticancer properties. Because of fisetin limited water solubility, we designed a liposomal formulation and evaluated its biological properties in vitro and in Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) bearing mice. A liposomal formulation was developed with DOPC and DODA-PEG2000, possessing a diameter in the nanometer range (173.52.4nm), a high homogeneity (polydispersity index 0.1810.016) and high fisetin encapsulation (58%). Liposomal fisetin incubated with LLC cells were internalized, induced a typical fisetin morphological effect and increased the sub-G1 cell distribution. In vivo, liposomal fisetin allowed a 47-fold increase in relative bioavailability compared to free fisetin. The effect of liposomal fisetin on LLC tumor growth in mice at low dose (21mg/kg) allowed a higher tumor growth delay (3.3 days) compared to free fisetin at the same dose (1.6 day). Optimization of liposomal fisetin therapy was attempted by co-treatment with cyclophosphamide which led to a significant improvement in tumor growth delay (7.2 days) compared to cyclophosphamide with control liposomes (4.2 days). In conclusion, fisetin liposomes markedly improved fisetin bioavailability and anticancer efficacy in mice and this formulation could facilitate the administration of this flavonoid in the clinical setting.

Johanne Seguin; Laura Brull; Renaud Boyer; Yen Mei Lu; Miriam Ramos Romano; Yasmine S. Touil; Daniel Scherman; Michel Bessodes; Nathalie Mignet; Guy G. Chabot

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Antivenom for snakebite envenoming in Sri Lanka: The need for geographically specific antivenom and improved efficacy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sri Lanka is a tropical developing island nation that endures significant economic and medical burden as a result of snakebite envenomation, having not only a high prevalence of envenomations, but also one of the highest incidence rates (200 snakebites/100,000people/year) of venomous snakebite in the world (Kasturiratne etal., 2005). Ironically, the very snakes responsible for this human morbidity and mortality are a valuable biomedical and ecological national resource, despite the medical and economic consequences of envenomation. Currently, no snake antivenom is produced using venoms from native Sri Lankan snakes as immunogens, and there is a true need for an efficacious Sri Lanka, poly-specific snake antivenom. An approach to fulfilling this need via combining the scientific, technological and economical resources from Costa Rica and the United States with the knowledge and talent of Sri Lankan official governmental agencies, legal counsels, environmental, medical and veterinary academic institutions, and religious and cultural leaders has been initiated, coordinated and funded by Animal Venom Research International (AVRI), a nonprofit charity. This bridging of nations and the cooperative pooling of their resources represents a potential avenue for antivenom development in a developing country that suffers the consequences of few specific resources for the medical management of venomous snakebite. The desired final outcome of such an endeavor for Sri Lanka is, most importantly, improved medical outcomes for snakebite patients, with enhanced and expanded science and technology relating to snake venoms and antivenoms, and the collateral benefits of reduced economic cost for the country.

D.E. Keyler; I. Gawarammana; J.M. Gutirrez; K.H. Sellahewa; K. McWhorter; R. Malleappah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Efficacy of selected probiotic cultures to inhibit Enterobacter sakazakii ATCC 12868 in model reconstituted dairy products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Enterobacter sakazakii ATCC 12868 (ES) is a very dangerous opportunistic organism likely to contaminate post-pasteurised dry milk products with a high mortality rate (40-80%). This study evaluated the antimicrobial efficacy of probiotics against ES in reconstituted dried infant formula. Initial study at 30C showed that Enterococcus faecium M-74 (EF) to exhibit the strongest inhibition when compared with Lactobacillus acidophilus 74-2 (LA) and Pediococcus acidilacticii (PA). In later study, initial populations of ES and EF were ~10 CFU/ml and 109 CFU/ml in infant formula, respectively. At 12h, ES in controls at 30 and 35C increased to 6.54 and 7.95 log10 CFU/ml, respectively. At 12 hours, ES in formula (30C) with EF decreased to 0.52 log10 CFU/ml and was undetected (< 1.0 CFU/ml) at 35C. EF rapidly reduce the pH of the infant formula below pH 5.0 in the first four hours of fermentation at 35C, more than at 30C. The inhibitory effect of EF may be due to the acidification of the formula.

Makuba A. Lihono; Aubrey F. Mendonca; Bledar Bisha; La Tanya Bankston; Terri D. Boylston

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Dental radiography: efficacy in the assessment of intraosseous lesions of the face and jaws in asymptomatic patients  

SciTech Connect

In this investigation the efficacy of dental radiography for the detection of occult intraosseous lesions of the face and jaws was evaluated. An analysis of 30 million health insurance records indicated that the period prevalence of malignant lesions was less than 5 cases/million/year, and for benign lesions approximately 100 cases/million/year. Data from a controlled observer-performance study showed that radiographic sensitivities ranged between 50% and 80%. The cost per true-positive finding was estimated to be +8.6 million per malignant case and +430,000 per benign case. An assessment of the dosimetric literature indicated that the benefits of radiographic screening as a means for early detection of a malignancy appear to be counterbalanced by the risk of causing a radiation-induced malignancy. Taken together, these data demonstrate that dental radiography is not efficacious for the purpose of detecting occult lesions.

Zeichner, S.J.; Ruttimann, U.E.; Webber, R.L.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Maternal feeding self-efficacy and fruit and vegetable intakes in infants. Results from the SAIDI study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) is a characteristic of a healthy diet but remains a challenge in nutrition interventions. This cross-sectional study explored the multi-directional relationships between maternal feeding self-efficacy, parenting confidence, child feeding behaviour, exposure to new food and FV intake in a cohort of 277 infants. Mothers with healthy infants weighing ?2500?g and ?37?weeks gestation were recruited post-natally from 11 South Australian hospitals. Socio-demographic data were collected at recruitment. At 6?months postnatal, infants were weighed and measured, and mothers completed a questionnaire exploring their perceptions of child feeding behaviour and child exposure to new foods. The questionnaire also included the Short Temperament Scale for Infants, Kessler 10 to measure maternal psychological distress and 5 items measuring maternal feeding self-efficacy. The number of occasions and variety of FV (number of subgroups within food groups) consumed by infants were estimated from a 24-hour dietary recall and 2?days food record. Structural equation modelling was performed using Mplus version 6.11. Median (IQR) variety scores were 2 (13) for fruit and 3 (25) for vegetable intake. The most popular FV consumed were apple (n?=?108, 45.0%) and pumpkin (n?=?143, 56.3%). None of the variables studied predicted the variety of child fruit intake. Parenting confidence, exposure to new foods and child feeding behaviour were indirectly related to child vegetable intake through maternal feeding self-efficacy while total number of children negatively predicted child vegetable variety (p?efficacy and the family eating environment as key strategies towards development of healthy eating in children.

Gloria A. Koh; Jane A. Scott; Richard J. Woodman; Susan W. Kim; Lynne A. Daniels; Anthea M. Magarey

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

The use of a prodrug approach to minimize potential CNS exposure of next generation quinoline methanols while maintaining efficacy in in vivo animal models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of mefloquine (MQ) for antimalarial treatment and prophylaxis has diminished largely in response to concerns about its neurologic side effects. An analog campaign designed to maintain the efficacy of M...

Jason C. Sousa; Erin Milner; Dustin Carroll

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

ANG4043, a Novel Brain-Penetrant PeptidemAb Conjugate, Is Efficacious against HER2-Positive Intracranial Tumors in Mice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...author-choice ANG4043, a Novel Brain-Penetrant Peptide-mAb Conjugate, Is Efficacious...breast cancer, but they are ineffective against brain metastases due to poor brain penetration. In previous studies, we identified...

Anthony Regina; Michel Demeule; Sasmita Tripathy; Simon Lord-Dufour; Jean-Christophe Currie; Mustapha Iddir; Borhane Annabi; Jean-Paul Castaigne; Jean E. Lachowicz

189

An Empirical Comparison between the NEO-FFI and the WPI and the Relationship between Self-Efficacy and Workplace Personality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

satisfaction, with self-esteem and generalized self-efficacy contributing the most. Judge and Bono (2001) point out that Conscientiousness is often thought of as the ?primary dispositional predictor of job performance? (p. 85). They were able to show...

Orozco, Lauren Michel

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

190

Safety and efficacy of carotid angioplasty and stenting for radiation-associated carotid artery stenosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Introduction Prior neck irradiation may induce atherosclerosis in the carotid artery and is considered an indication for carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS). This study sought to evaluate the effect of neck radiation therapy (XRT) on the rate of restenosis and embolic potential in patients undergoing CAS. Methods Two hundred ten CAS procedures were performed on 193 patients (XRT [N = 28], non-XRT [N = 182]). Mean follow-up was 347 339 days (median, 305 days; range, 16-1354 days). Duplex velocity criteria for restenosis after CAS were: >50% restenosis (peak systolic velocity [PSV] > 125 cm/sec, end diastolic velocity [EDV] 40-99 cm/sec, and internal carotid artery to common carotid artery systolic ratio [ICA/CCA] > 2.0); >70% restenosis (PSV>230 cm/sec, EDV>100 cm/sec, and ICA/CCA ratio >4.0). Restenosis >70% was confirmed by digital subtraction angiography. Additional endpoints included groin hematoma, groin pseudoaneurysm, myocardial infarction, stroke, mortality, and the combined myocardial infarction/stroke/mortality rate. Captured particulate data was obtained from microporous filters used during CAS. Nineteen XRT and 128 non-XRT consecutive filters were analyzed. Photomicroscopy was performed along three axes for each filter, and the quantity and size of the captured particles were analyzed using video image analysis software. Results There were more men (XRT: 85.7% vs. non-XRT: 52.8%, P 1000 ?m (XRT: 47.4% vs. non-XRT: 30.5%, P = NS). Conclusions This study suggests that the durability of CAS and the characteristics of captured embolic particles are not altered by a history of neck XRT. This supports the safety and efficacy of CAS for the treatment of patients with a history of neck XRT. Prior neck XRT may predispose the patient to the de novo development of stenoses at locations that were not previously treated.

Mikel Sadek; Neal S. Cayne; Hyun J. Shin; Irene C. Turnbull; Michael L. Marin; Peter L. Faries

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Safety and Efficacy of Bevacizumab With Hypofractionated Stereotactic Irradiation for Recurrent Malignant Gliomas  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Preclinical studies suggest that inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) improves glioma response to radiotherapy. Bevacizumab, a monoclonal antibody against VEGF, has shown promise in recurrent gliomas, but the safety and efficacy of concurrent bevacizumab with brain irradiation has not been extensively studied. The objectives of this study were to determine the safety and activity of this combination in malignant gliomas. Methods and Materials: After prior treatment with standard radiation therapy patients with recurrent glioblastoma (GBM) and anaplastic gliomas (AG) received bevacizumab (10 mg/kg intravenous) every 2 weeks of 28-day cycles until tumor progression. Patients also received 30 Gy of hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (HFSRT) in five fractions after the first cycle of bevacizumab. Results: Twenty-five patients (20 GBM, 5 AG; median age 56 years; median Karnofsky Performance Status 90) received a median of seven cycles of bevacizumab. One patient did not undergo HFSRT because overlap with prior radiotherapy would exceed the safe dose allowed to the optic chiasm. Three patients discontinued treatment because of Grade 3 central nervous system intratumoral hemorrhage, wound dehiscence, and bowel perforation. Other nonhematologic and hematologic toxicities were transient. No radiation necrosis was seen in these previously irradiated patients. For the GBM cohort, overall response rate was 50%, 6-month progression-free survival was 65%; median overall survival was 12.5 months, and 1-year survival was 54%. Discussion: Bevacizumab with HFSRT is safe and well tolerated. Radiographic responses, duration of disease control, and survival suggest that this regimen is active in recurrent malignant glioma.

Gutin, Philip H. [Brain Tumor Center, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Neurosurgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Neurological Surgery, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York (United States)], E-mail: gutinp@mskcc.org; Iwamoto, Fabio M. [Brain Tumor Center, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Neurology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Beal, Kathryn [Brain Tumor Center, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Mohile, Nimish A. [Department of Neurology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Karimi, Sasan [Brain Tumor Center, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Hou, Bob L. [Brain Tumor Center, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Lymberis, Stella [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Yamada, Yoshiya [Brain Tumor Center, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Chang, Jenghwa [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] (and others)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Appendix B Page B-1 2008 Nonresidential Compliance Manual August 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.............................................................B-18 K-2 Standards for Incandescent Reflector Lamps..................................................

193

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The US has a standard for incandescent non-reflector lamps.ve ,S m L mc ,L ve ,S m Incandescent Lamps and Luminaires SFluorescent lamps Incandescent reflector lamps Incandescent

Wiel, Stephen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

The Efficacy of Ultraviolet Radiation for Sterilizing Tools Used for Surgically Implanting Transmitters into Fish  

SciTech Connect

Telemetry is frequently used to examine the behavior of fish, and the transmitters used are normally surgically implanted into the coelom of fish. Implantation requires the use of surgical tools such as scalpels, forceps, needle holders, and sutures. When several fish are implanted consecutively for large telemetry studies, it is common for surgical tools to be sterilized or, at minimum, disinfected between each use so that pathogens that may be present are not spread among fish. However, autoclaving tools can take a long period of time, and chemical sterilants or disinfectants can be harmful to both humans and fish and have varied effectiveness. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is commonly used to disinfect water in aquaculture facilities. However, this technology has not been widely used to sterilize tools for surgical implantation of transmitters in fish. To determine its efficacy for this application, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers used UV radiation to disinfect surgical tools (i.e., forceps, needle holder, stab scalpel, and suture) that were exposed to one of four aquatic organisms that typically lead to negative health issues for salmonids. These organisms included Aeromonas salmonicida, Flavobacterium psychrophilum, Renibacterium salmoninarum, and Saprolegnia parasitica. Surgical tools were exposed to the bacteria by dipping them into a confluent suspension of three varying concentrations (i.e., low, medium, high). After exposure to the bacterial culture, tools were placed into a mobile Millipore UV sterilization apparatus. The tools were then exposed for three different time periods2, 5, or 15 min. S. parasitica, a water mold, was tested using an agar plate method and forceps-pinch method. UV light exposures of 5 and 15 min were effective at killing all four organisms. UV light was also effective at killing Geobacillus stearothermophilus, the organism used as a biological indicator to verify effectiveness of steam sterilizers. These techniques appear to provide a quick alternative disinfection technique for some surgical tools that is less harmful to both humans and fish while not producing chemical waste. However, we do not recommend using these methods with tools that have overlapping parts or other structures that cannot be directly exposed to UV light such as needle holders.

Walker, Ricardo W.; Markillie, Lye Meng; Colotelo, Alison HA; Gay, Marybeth E.; Woodley, Christa M.; Brown, Richard S.

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

195

Max Tech and Beyond: Maximizing Appliance and Equipment Efficiency by Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LED) replace conventional incandescent lighting Heat pumpreplacing Only the residential sector remains incandescentdominantly incandescent. Although bulbs, primarily in LED

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Laboratory Ventilation SafetyLaboratory Ventilation Safety J. Scott WardJ. Scott Ward  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the incandescent light bulb in 1879.incandescent light bulb in 1879. #12;First Labconco Hood 1936First Labconco

Farritor, Shane

197

Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Autism: An Evidence-Based Approach to Negotiating Safe and Efficacious Interventions with Families  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary This review focuses on helping clinicians identify resources and develop strategies they may use to effectively negotiate safe and effective use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments with families of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), as well as other neurodevelopmental disorders. Since new types of CAM continue to be introduced into the autism community, emphasis is placed on providing clinicians with tools to help families negotiate the myriad of available treatments and make decisions based on current safety and efficacy data, while remaining mindful of the reasons families may be considering these treatments. We familiarize readers with high-quality, evidence-based resources that providers and families may use to ascertain current information about specific types of CAM, verify the content of biologically-based treatments, identify ongoing CAM research and obtain toolkits designed to help healthcare providers raise the topic of CAM usage and facilitate disclosure and discussion of CAM use with patients and their families.

R. Scott Akins; Kathy Angkustsiri; Robin L. Hansen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

A review of age-old antimalarial drug to combat malaria: efficacy up-gradation by nanotechnology based drug delivery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Malaria is uncontrolled burden in the world till now. Despite of different efforts to develop antimalarial drug for decades, any anti-malarial drug can able to eradicate completely till now. Many anti-malarial substances are practically ineffectual because of their physicochemical limitations, cytotoxicity, chemical instability and degradation, and limited activities against intracellular parasites. Taking into consideration, the amount of research is going to conduct in the field of nanoparticle based drug delivery systems, lead to new ways of improving the treatment of infectious diseases. The study has focused on the progress and advancement of research on nanotechnology based drug delivery to eradicate the malaria. We like to focus the efficacy of nanotechnology based drug application for the opening out of novel chemotherapeutics in laboratory research, which may show the way to better use with age-old antimalarial drug and may draw the attention of pharmaceutical industries for the improvement and designing of effective anti-malarial drugs in future.

Satyajit Tripathy; Somenath Roy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Abstract 4479: Influence of the blood-brain barrier on drug distribution and efficacy of PI3K/mTOR inhibitors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Abstract 4479: Influence of the blood-brain barrier on drug distribution and efficacy...is influenced by the presence of blood-brain barrier (BBB). PI3K/mTOR/AKT is...with the former molecule optimized for brain delivery. Here the influence of the BBB...

Rajneet K. Oberoi; William F. Elmquist; Rajendar Mittapalli; Jenny Pokorny; Jann Sarkaria

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

The Impact of Fish Oil on the Chemopreventive Efficacy of Tamoxifen against Development of N-Methyl-N-NitrosoureaInduced Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research Articles The Impact of Fish Oil on the Chemopreventive Efficacy of Tamoxifen...first time that the combination of a fish oil diet rich in n-3 PUFA and tamoxifen seemed...322-30 breast cancer prevention|fish oil|omega-3 fatty acids|Tamoxifen| Introduction...

Andrea Manni; Haifang Xu; Sharlene Washington; Cesar Aliaga; Timothy Cooper; John P. Richie, Jr.; Richard Bruggeman; Bogdan Prokopczyk; Ana Calcagnotto; Neil Trushin; David Mauger; Michael F. Verderame; Karam El-Bayoumy

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Impending U.S. lighting standards will boost market for halogen-infrared lamps: New product line expanding  

SciTech Connect

Many of the incandescent floodlights and spotlights manufactured today will not meet lighting efficiency standards taking effect in the US in 1995. As these models cease production, demand will grow for higher efficiency units to fill this huge market, which now totals about 100 million lamps per year. One prime contender is a new class of halogen lamps that use a spectrally selective coating to reflect heat back onto the filament, reducing the amount of electricity needed to generate light. GE Lighting`s Halogen-IR line is the only series of such lamps currently available to replace the conventional floodlights and spotlights that will be banned by the new standards. Other manufacturers may adopt the technology, however, and the Japanese producer Ushio already sells in the US a line of smaller halogen lamps with a similar heat-reflective coating. In terms of efficacy and lifetime, Halogen-IR lamps out perform standard incandescents and standard halogens, but fall far short of fluorescent, metal halide, and high-pressure sodium sources. These other lighting systems are more appropriate and cost-effective than incandescents for many ambient lighting applications. For accent lighting and other tasks that are best suited to incandescent lighting, however, the Halogen-IR lamp is often a superior choice.

Sardinsky, R.; Shepard, M.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

202

A Phase II Study of the Efficacy and Safety of the Combination Therapy of the MEK Inhibitor Refametinib (BAY 86-9766) Plus Sorafenib for Asian Patients with Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...400 mg (evening), with dose escalation to sorafenib 400 mg twice daily from cycle...control rate. Secondary endpoints: time to progression, overall survival, pharmacokinetic...efficacy analysis; n = 58). Median time to progression was 122 days, median overall...

Ho Yeong Lim; Jeong Heo; Hye Jin Choi; Cheng-Yao Lin; Jung-Hwan Yoon; Chiun Hsu; Kun-Ming Rau; Ronnie T.P. Poon; Winnie Yeo; Joong-Won Park; Miah Hiang Tay; Wen-Son Hsieh; Christian Kappeler; Prabhu Rajagopalan; Heiko Krissel; Michael Jeffers; Chia-Jui Yen; Won Young Tak

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Computed Tomography-Guided High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Safety, Efficacy, and Effect on Survival  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To determine the saftety and efficacy of computed tomography (CT)-guided brachytherapy in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods and Materials: A total of 83 patients were recruited, presenting with 140 HCC- lesions. Treatment was performed by CT-guided high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy with an iridium-192 source. The primary endpoint was time to progression; secondary endpoints included local tumor control and overall survival (OS). A matched-pair analysis with patients not receiving brachytherapy was performed. Match criteria included the Cancer of the Liver Italian Program (CLIP) score, alpha-fetoprotein, presence, and extent of multifocal disease. For statistical analysis, Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression were performed. Results: Mean and median cumulative TTP for all patients (n = 75) were 17.7 and 10.4 months. Five local recurrences were observed. The OS after inclusion reached median times of 19.4 months (all patients), 46.3 months (CLIP score, 0), 20.6 months (CLIP score, 1) 12.7 months, (CLIP score, 2), and 8.3 months (CLIP score, {>=}3). The 1- and 3-year OS were 94% and 65% (CLIP score, 0), 69% and 12% (CLIP score, 1), and 48% and 19% (CLIP score, 2), respectively. Nine complications requiring intervention were encountered in 124 interventions. Matched-pair analysis revealed a significantly longer OS for patients undergoing CT-guided brachytherapy. Conclusion: Based on our results the study treatment could be safely performed. The study treatment had a beneficial effect on OS in patients with advanced HCC, with respect to (and depending on) the CLIP score and compared with OS in a historical control group. A high rate of local control was also observed, regardless of applied dose in a range of 15 to 25 Gy.

Mohnike, Konrad; Wieners, Gero; Schwartz, Franziska; Seidensticker, Max; Pech, Maciej; Ruehl, Ricarda [Klinik fuer Radiologie und Nuklearmedizin, Otto von Guericke University, Magdeburg (Germany); Wust, Peter [Klinik fuer Strahlentherapie, Charite Universitaetsmedizin, Berlin (Germany); Lopez-Haenninen, Enrique [Klinik fuer Radiologie und Nuklearmedizin, Martin-Luther-Krankenhaus, Berlin (Germany); Gademann, Guenther; Peters, Nils [Klinik fuer Strahlentherapie, Otto von Guericke University, Magdeburg (Germany); Berg, Thomas [Medizinische Klinik mit Schwerpunkt Hepato-Gastroenterologie, Charite Universitaetsmedizin, Berlin (Germany); Malfertheiner, Peter [Klinik fuer Gastroenterologie und Hepatologie, Otto von Guericke University, Magdeburg (Germany); Ricke, Jens, E-mail: ricke@med.ovgu.d [Klinik fuer Radiologie und Nuklearmedizin, Otto von Guericke University, Magdeburg (Germany)

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Efficacy of an integrated continuing medical education (CME) and quality improvement (QI) program on radiation oncologist (RO) clinical practice  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: There has been little radiation oncologist (RO)-specific research in continuing medical education (CME) or quality improvement (QI) program efficacy. Our aim was to evaluate a CME/QI program for changes in RO behavior, performance, and adherence to department protocols/studies over the first 12 months of the program. Methods and Materials: The CME/QI program combined chart audit with feedback (C-AWF), simulation review AWF (SR-AWF), reminder checklists, and targeted CME tutorials. Between April 2003 and March 2004, management of 75 patients was evaluated by chart audit with feedback (C-AWF) and 178 patients via simulation review audit (SR-AWF) using a validated instrument. Scores were presented, and case management was discussed with individualized educational feedback. RO behavior and performance was compared over the first year of the program. Results: Comparing the first and second 6 months, there was a significant improvement in mean behavior (12.7-13.6 of 14, p = 0.0005) and RO performance (7.6-7.9 of 8, p = 0.018) scores. Protocol/study adherence significantly improved from 90.3% to 96.6% (p = 0.005). A total of 50 actions were generated, including the identification of learning needs to direct CME tutorials, the systematic change of suboptimal RO practice, and the alteration of deficient management of 3% of patients audited during the program. Conclusion: An integrated CME/QI program combining C-AWF, SR-AWF, QI reminders, and targeted CME tutorials effectively improved targeted RO behavior and performance over a 12-month period. There was a corresponding increase in departmental protocol and study adherence.

Leong, Cheng Nang [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore) and Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore)]. E-mail: Cheng_Nang_Leong@mail.nhg.com.sg; Shakespeare, Thomas Philip [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); North Coast Cancer Institute, Coffs Harbour (Australia); Mukherjee, Rahul K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore); Back, Michael F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore); Lee, Khai Mun [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore); Lu, Jiade Jay [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore); Wynne, Christopher J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Lim, Keith [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Tang, Johann [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, National University Hospital (Singapore); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore); Zhang Xiaojian [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Hospital, Fudan Hospital, Shanghai (China)

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

World Record White OLED Performance Exceeds 100 lm/W  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Universal Display Corporation (UDC) has successfully demonstrated a record-breaking white organic light-emitting diode (WOLED) with a power efficacy of 102 lm/W at 1000 cd/m2 using its proprietary, high-efficiency phosphorescent OLED technology. This achievement represents a significant milestone for OLED technology, demonstrating performance that surpasses the power efficacy of incandescent bulbs with less than 15 lm/W and fluorescent lamps at 60-90 lm/W. Funded in part by DOE, UDC's achievement is a major step toward DOE's roadmap goal of a 150 lm/W commercial OLED light source by 2015.

206

Compact light source performance in recessed type luminaires  

SciTech Connect

Photometric comparisons were made with an indoor, recessed, type luminaire using incandescent, high intensity discharge and compact fluorescent lamps. The test results show substantial performance advantages, as expected, for the discharge light sources where the efficacy gains can be in the order for 400% even when including the ballast losses associated with the discharge lamps. The candlepower distribution patterns emerging from these luminaries are also different from those associated with the baseline incandescent lamps, and which are in some ways, even more desirable from a uniformity of illuminance perspective. A section on fluorescent lamp starting is also included which describes a system having excellent starting characteristics in terms of electrode starting temperature (RH/RC technique), proper operating frequency to minimize unwanted IR interactions, and satisfactory current crest factor values to help insure life performance.

Hammer, E.E.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

type of lighting bulb (incandescent, fluorescent), number ofof incandescent bulbs and fluorescent tubes per household,incandescent bulbs of 60W and 2.1 fluorescent tubes of 40W

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Conservation Potential of Compact Fluorescent Lamps in India and Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

38 TWh, 10% of which was for incandescent lighting (Fig. 3).The electricity consumed in incandescent lighting can be300 and 400 million incandescent lamps in the country. Let

Gadgil, A.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

The Boom of Electricity Demand in the Residential Sector in the Developing World and the Potential for Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for fluorescent and incandescent lamps. Estimates of thein Table 3. Table 3 Incandescent, Fluorescent and CFL lampthe surveys is 60W for incandescent bulb, 15W for CFLs and

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Calendar Year 2008 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reports power savings from incandescent/CFL lamp replacementreplacement of a 65 W incandescent lamp with a 16 W compactthe equivalent of 109 W incandescent lamp, the average of

Homan, GregoryK

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Demand for Environmentally-Friendly Durables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the replacement of short-lived incandescent bulbs with long-the replacement of short-lived incandescent bulbs with long-15 watt CFL for 60 watt incandescent bulb), durable (minimum

Martin, Leslie Aimee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Bottom-Up Energy Analysis System - Methodology and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Documents U.S. Rulemaking Documents TSL 4 PHP IncandescentLamps Incandescent Lamps Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts kWh/yrand T5 fluorescent tubes, incandescent lamps, CFLs, Halogen

McNeil, Michael A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

type of lighting bulb (incandescent, fluorescent), number ofhouseholds possessed 3.2 incandescent bulbs of 60W and 2.1areas versus only 2.1 incandescent bulbs of 60W and 1.5

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for U.S. EPA Energy Star Labeled Products: Expanded Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technology categories: incandescent, CFL, non-Energy Star45% of exit signs were incandescent, 40% were CFLs, 7.5%share weighted average of incandescent, CFL, and non-Energy

Sanchez, Marla

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHTING PRODUCTS NOTICE (2011-04-25) i ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHTING PRODUCTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurements ______ 22/E12* IES LM-45:1991 Incandescent Lamps - Electrical Measurements ______ 22/E13* IES LM-45:2000 Incandescent Lamps - Electrical Measurements ______ 22/E13a* IES LM-45:2009 Incandescent

216

Power Capture (PowCap) Board for Non Intrusive Load Monitoring and Power Line Communication Exploration and Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

including a) LED lamp, b) incandescent lamp, c) Macbook Pro,W) a LED Lamp 15W b Incandescent Lamp 25W c Macbook 200W dLED lamp (LED) from the incandescent lamp (Lamp) and the Fan

Balakrishnan, Vikram

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHTING PRODUCTS TEST METHOD SELECTION LIST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:1991 Incandescent Lamps - Electrical Measurements ______ 22/E13* IES LM-45:2000 Incandescent Lamps - Electrical Measurements ______ 22/E13a* IES LM-45:2009 Incandescent Lamps - Electrical Measurements ______ 22/E14 IES LM

218

STATE OF CALIFORNIA CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE AND FIELD INSPECTION CHECKLIST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Watts: 1. Type of luminaire (i.e.: post top, wall pack, surface, shoe box); for non-incandescent luminaires, indicate nominal lamp wattage and lamp type ( i.e.: fluorescent, incandescent, HID); ballast type. For incandescent luminaires, the lum

219

RTOG 0417: Efficacy of Bevacizumab in Combination With Definitive Radiation Therapy and Cisplatin Chemotherapy in Untreated Patients With Locally Advanced Cervical Carcinoma  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 0417 was a phase II study that explored the safety and efficacy of the addition of bevacizumab to chemoradiation therapy. The safety results have been previously reported. Herein we report the secondary efficacy endpoints of overall survival (OS), locoregional failure (LRF), para-aortic nodal failure (PAF), distant failure (DF), and disease-free survival (DFS). Methods and Materials: Eligible patients with bulky Stage IB-IIIB disease were treated with once-weekly cisplatin (40 mg/m{sup 2}) chemotherapy and standard pelvic radiation therapy and brachytherapy. Bevacizumab was administered at 10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks for 3 cycles during chemoradiation. For OS, failure was defined as death of any cause and was measured from study entry to date of death. LRF was defined as any failure in the pelvis. PAF was defined as any para-aortic nodal failure. DF was analyzed both including and excluding PAF. DFS was measured from study entry to date of first LRF. DF was measured with or without PAF or death. OS and DFS were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and LRF and DF rates were estimated by the cumulative incidence method. Results: 49 eligible patients from 28 institutions were enrolled between 2006 and 2009. The median follow-up time was 3.8 years (range, 0.8-6.0 years). The surviving patients had a median follow-up time of 3.9 years (range, 2.1-6.0 years). Most patients had tumors of International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Stage IIB (63%), and 80% were squamous. The 3-year OS, DFS, and LRF were 81.3% (95% confidence interval [CI], 67.2%-89.8%), 68.7% (95% CI, 53.5%-79.8%), and 23.2% (95% CI, 11%-35.4%), respectively. The PAF, DF without PAF, and DF with PAF at 3 years were 8.4% (95% CI, 0.4%-16.3%), 14.7% (95% CI, 4.5%-24.9%), and 23.1% (95% CI 11.0%-35.2%), respectively. Conclusion: In this study, bevacizumab in combination with standard pelvic chemoradiation therapy for locally advanced cervical cancer showed efficacy results that are promising and may warrant further investigation.

Schefter, Tracey, E-mail: tracey.schefter@ucdenver.edu [University of Colorado, Denver, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Winter, Kathryn [RTOG Statistical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Kwon, Janice S. [University of British Columbia and BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada); Stuhr, Kelly [University of Colorado, Denver, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Balaraj, Khalid [King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Yaremko, Brian Patrick [Western University, London Regional Cancer Program, London, Ontario (Canada); Small, William [Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Sause, William [Intermountain Medical Center, Murray, Utah (United States); Gaffney, David [University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, Utah (United States)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Conservation Potential of Compact Fluorescent Lamps in India and Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

also additional benefits from avoided costs of environmentalpremium for India)) - (avoided annual cost of incandescents)electricity) + (avoided annual cost of incandescents) - (

Gadgil, A.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appliance type Standard technology DC-internal best technology Lighting Incandescent, fluorescent, LED Incandescent Electronic Heating Heater Electric resistance Cooling Motor (& compressor,

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

MOntage Builders NORTHERN FOREST NORTHERN FOREST MOntage  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of light: incandescent (as a control), compact florescent lighting (CFL), and light emitting diode (LED). LIGHTING AND APPLIANCES Comparison P oint LED CFL Incandescent Watt B...

223

Zinc Oxide and Nitride Nanowire Based Light Emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of incandescent light bulb, fluorescent lamp, and blue lightof incandescent light bulb, fluorescent lamp, and blue lightincandescent bulb and is on the same order as fluorescent

Lai, Elaine Michelle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Journal of Chemical Ecology, Vol.23, No. 4, 1997 CUTICULAR HYDROCARBONS OF TERMITES OF THE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a single incandescent light. Initially samples were dried in whatevervessel wasavailable over whatever lamp scintillation vials over a single 75-W, reflecting incandescent light.

Yorke, James

225

A Journey from UCSB physics to Audrey Nelson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Target Gas Patented Waveguide Incandescent Infrared Source Microprocessor Diffusion Membranes Dual Beam integrated electronics Incandescent IR source and multi-channel thermopile detector Current gases applicable

Akhmedov, Azer

226

1. Mean Trick in the Shower It is known that in conditions of collective water supply the temperature of the water flowing on the man in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

outside affect the situation. 4. , , , . 4. Incandescent Data Transfer Achieve a maximum data transfer rate using an incandescent bulb as a transmitter to modulate the optical signal

Kaplan, Alexander

227

THELUMINAPROJECT http://light.lbl.gov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

source of portable lighting in Kenya, outpacing incandescent flashlights (Johnstone et al., 2009). LED technology has the potential to provide efficiency and performance benefits relative to incandescent bulbs

Jacobson, Arne

228

Arnold Schwarzenegger SPECTRALLY ENHANCED CERAMIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor SPECTRALLY ENHANCED CERAMIC INCANDESCENT EMITTER Prepared For ENHANCED CERAMIC INCANDESCENT EMITTER EISG AWARDEE SONSIGHT INC. 17609 Clinton Drive Accokeek, MD 20607

229

Replacement Costs and Cleaning & Service Charges for ResidenceHalls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Incandescent Light Fixture $130.00 each Incandescent Light Fixture Globe $82.00 each Exit Sign $440.00 each

Shyy, Wei

230

Environmental and health aspects of lighting: Mercury  

SciTech Connect

Most discharge lamps, including fluorescent lamps, metal halide lamps, and high pressure sodium lamps, contain Mercury, a toxic chemical. Lighting professionals need to be able to respond to questions about the direct hazards of Mercury from accidentally breaking lamps, and the potential environmental hazards of lamp operation and disposal. We calculated the exposures that could occur from an accidental breakage of lamps. Acute poisoning appears almost impossible. Under some circumstances a sealed environment, such as a space station, could be contaminated enough to make it unhealthy for long-term occupation. Mercury becomes a potential environmental hazard after it becomes methylated. Mercury is methylated in aquatic environments, where it may accumulate in fish, eventually rendering them toxic to people and other animals. Lighting causes Mercury to enter the environment directly from lamp disposal, and indirectly from power plant emissions. The environmental tradeoffs between incandescent and discharge lamps depend upon the amounts released by these two sources, their local concentrations, and their probabilities of being methylated. Indirect environmental effects of lighting also include the release of other heavy metals (Cadmium, Lead and Arsenic), and other air pollutants and carbon dioxide that are emitted by fossil fuel power plants. For a given light output, the level of power plant emissions depends upon the efficacy of the light source, and is thus much larger for incandescent lamps than for fluorescent or discharge lamps. As disposal and control technologies change the relative direct and indirect emissions from discharge and incandescent lamps will change.

Clear, R.; Berman, S.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Efficacy of rhBMP-2 loaded PCL/PLGA/?-TCP guided bone regeneration membrane fabricated by 3D printing technology for reconstruction of calvaria defects in rabbit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We successfully fabricated a three-dimensional (3D) printing-based PCL/PLGA/?-TCP guided bone regeneration (GBR) membrane that slowly released rhBMP-2. To impregnate the GBR membrane with intact rhBMP-2, collagen solution encapsulating rhBMP-2 (5?g?ml?1) was infused into pores of a PCL/PLGA/?-TCP membrane constructed using a 3D printing system with four dispensing heads. In a release profile test, sustained release of rhBMP-2 was observed for up to 28?d. To investigate the efficacy of the GBR membrane on bone regeneration, PCL/PLGA/?-TCP membranes with or without rhBMP-2 were implanted in an 8?mm calvaria defect of rabbits. Bone formation was evaluated at weeks 4 and 8 histologically and histomorphometrically. A space making ability of the GBR membrane was successfully maintained in both groups, and significantly more new bone was formed at post-implantation weeks 4 and 8 by rhBMP-2 loaded GBR membranes. Interestingly, implantation with rhBMP-2 loaded GBR membranes led to almost entire healing of calvaria defects within 8?weeks.

Jin-Hyung Shim; Min-Chul Yoon; Chang-Mo Jeong; Jinah Jang; Sung-In Jeong; Dong-Woo Cho; Jung-Bo Huh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Sleep, mood, and circadian responses to bright green light during sleep  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

white light from fluorescent bulbs, as point sources mightthan incandescent bulbs. Also, fluorescent light is easier

Grandner, Michael Andrew

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Electrical and Optical Enhancement in Internally Nanopatterned Organic Light-Emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incandescent bulbs and fluorescent bulbs). Solid-stateindex (CRI) than fluorescent bulbs. Common examples where

Fina, Michael Dane

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Efficacy and Safety of a Novel Vascular Closure Device (Glubran 2 Seal) After Diagnostic and Interventional Angiography in Patients with Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease  

SciTech Connect

To prospectively evaluate safety and efficacy of a novel vascular closure device (Glubran 2 Seal) after peripheral angiography in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). From December 2010 to June 2011, all consecutive patients with PAOD undergoing peripheral angiography were prospectively enrolled onto the study after percutaneous antegrade or retrograde puncture of the common femoral artery. After angiography, the Glubran 2 Seal device was used to achieve hemostasis. The following data were registered: technical success and manual compression duration, patients' discomfort (scale 0-5), operators' technical difficulty (scale 0-5), and vascular complications. The site of hemostasis was evaluated by clinical inspection and color-coded Duplex ultrasound performed 1 day and 1 month after the procedure. One hundred seventy-eight patients were enrolled (112 male, mean age 70.8 years) with a total of 206 puncture sites, including 104 (50.5 %) antegrade accesses. The device was successful in 198(96.1 %) of 206 procedures, with 8 cases of manual compression lasting longer than 5 min (maximum 20 min). No major vascular complications were observed, resulting in 100 % procedural success. Minor complications occurred in seven procedures (3.4 %), including two cases of pseudoaneurysms, successfully treated by ultrasound-guided glue injection. The mean {+-} standard deviation score for patients' discomfort was 0.9 {+-} 0.7, whereas the mean score for operators' difficulty was 1.2 {+-} 0.9. In patients with PAOD, the Glubran 2 Seal represents a simple, painless, and efficient vascular closure device, able to achieve hemostasis both in antegrade and retrograde accesses.

Del Corso, Andrea [University of Pisa, Department of Vascular Surgery (Italy)] [University of Pisa, Department of Vascular Surgery (Italy); Bargellini, Irene, E-mail: irenebargellini@hotmail.com; Cicorelli, Antonio; Perrone, Orsola [University of Pisa, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy)] [University of Pisa, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Leo, Michele [University of Pisa, Department of Vascular Surgery (Italy)] [University of Pisa, Department of Vascular Surgery (Italy); Lunardi, Alessandro [University of Pisa, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy)] [University of Pisa, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Alberti, Aldo; Tomei, Francesca [University of Pisa, Department of Vascular Surgery (Italy)] [University of Pisa, Department of Vascular Surgery (Italy); Cioni, Roberto [University of Pisa, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy)] [University of Pisa, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Ferrari, Mauro [University of Pisa, Department of Vascular Surgery (Italy)] [University of Pisa, Department of Vascular Surgery (Italy); Bartolozzi, Carlo [University of Pisa, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy)] [University of Pisa, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

235

Preliminary Study of the Efficacy of Using Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence with Quasi-Monoenergetic Gamma-Ray Sources for Nuclear Safeguards Assay  

SciTech Connect

We have studied the efficacy of using nuclear resonance fluorescence (NRF)-based techniques to assay spent nuclear fuel for Pu content using quasi-monoenergetic sources. We have developed two techniques to precisely determine the Pu content in a fuel rod/pin. One of our approaches is virtually free of systematic uncertainties. Using analytical models, we have determined the amount of time required to measure the Pu content in spent nuclear fuel rods and spent fuel assemblies to within 1% precision. We note that Pu content can be determined in a fuel assembly about as fast as in a single fuel pin. The performance of NRF-based assay techniques with improved photon sources, which are currently under development, will also estimated. For follow-on research we propose to: (1) Construct research prototype detection systems for both of the NRF-based assay systems proposed in this paper and measure their calibration curves; (2) Determine the systematic errors associated with both assay methods, explore ways to reduce the errors and fold the results into future performance calculations; (3) Develop an algorithm to assay a fuel assembly; (4) Perform validation measurements using a single pin and scaled assemblies; (5) Research and develop current-mode detection and/or threshold detection techniques to improve assay times; (6) Characterize the flux of newly constructed sources and fold the results into the calculations presented here to determine the feasibility of a variety of proposed sources; and (7) Collaborate with others in the safeguards community to build a prototype system and perform an NRF-based assay demonstration on spent fuel.

Johnson, M S; McNabb, D P; Hall, J M; Gonzalez, J J

2011-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

236

Efficacy of memantine in the treatment of fibromyalgia: A double-blind, randomised, controlled trial with 6-month follow-up  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Fibromyalgia (FM) is a prevalent and disabling chronic disease. Recent studies have found elevated levels of glutamate in several brain regions, leading to hypotheses about the usefulness of glutamate-blocking drugs such as memantine in the treatment of FM. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of memantine in the treatment of pain and other clinical variables (global function, clinical impression, depression, anxiety, quality of life) in FM patients. A double-blind, parallel randomised controlled trial was developed. A total of 63 patients diagnosed with FM were recruited from primary health care centres in Zaragoza, Spain. Memantine was administered at doses of 20mg/d after 1month of titration. Assessments were carried out at baseline, posttreatment, and 3- and 6-month follow-up. Compared with a placebo group, memantine significantly decreased ratings on a pain visual analogue scale (Cohens d=1.43 at 6months) and pain measured with a sphygmomanometer (d=1.05). All other secondary outcomes except anxiety also improved, with moderate-to-large effect sizes at 6months. Compared with placebo, the absolute risk reduction obtained with memantine was 16.13% (95% confidence interval=2.0% to 32.6%), and the number needed to treat was 6.2 (95% confidence interval=3 to 47). Tolerance was good, with dizziness (8 patients) and headache (4 patients) being the most frequent side effects of memantine. Although additional studies with larger sample sizes and longer follow-up times are needed, this study provides preliminary evidence of the utility of memantine for the treatment of FM.

Brbara Olivan-Blzquez; Paola Herrera-Mercadal; Marta Puebla-Guedea; Mari-Cruz Prez-Yus; Eva Andrs; Nicolas Fayed; Yolanda Lpez-Del-Hoyo; Rosa Magallon; Miquel Roca; Javier Garcia-Campayo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Tumor models for efficacy determination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...GFP or RFP have been developed (Hoffman website). The molecular characterization of many...with tumor response. In addition to the search for better models, there remains an effort...Cancer 1996;65:695-9. 25 Rockwell SC. Tumor-cell survival. In: Teicher...

Beverly A. Teicher

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

OPERATIONAL NOTE EFFICACY OF DUETTM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in 3 rows stationed 30.5, 61.0, and 91.5 m downwind of the spray vehicle. Initial knockdown was .99, short environmental persistence, no bioaccumulation, and low mammalian toxicity reducing ecological risk

239

Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project; Strobe Light Deterrent Efficacy Test and Fish Behavior Determination at the Grand Coulee Dam Third Powerplant Forebay, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

Since 1995, the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (Colville Confederated Tribes) have managed the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project as part of the Northwest Power Planning Council (NWPPC) Fish and Wildlife Program. Project objectives have focused on understanding natural production of kokanee (a land-locked sockeye salmon) and other fish stocks in the area above Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph Dams on the Columbia River. A 42-month investigation concluded that entrainment at Grand Coulee Dam ranged from 211,685 to 576,676 fish annually. Further analysis revealed that 85% of the total entrainment occurred at the dam's third powerplant. These numbers represent a significant loss to the tribal fisheries upstream of the dam. In response to a suggestion by the NWPPC Independent Scientific Review Panel, the scope of work for the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project was expanded to include a multiyear pilot test of a strobe light system to help mitigate fish entrainment. This report details the work conducted during the second year of the study by researchers of the Colville Confederated Tribes in collaboration with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The 2002 study period extended from May 18 through July 30. The objective of the study was to determine the efficacy of a prototype strobe light system to elicit a negative phototactic response in kokanee and rainbow trout. The prototype system consisted of six strobe lights affixed to an aluminum frame suspended vertically underwater from a barge secured in the center of the entrance to the third powerplant forebay. The lights, controlled by a computer, were aimed to illuminate a specific region directly upstream of the barge. Three light level treatments were used: 6 of 6 lights on, 3 of 6 lights on, and all lights off. These three treatment conditions were applied for an entire 24-hr day and were randomly assigned within a 3-day block throughout the study period. A seven-transducer splitbeam hydroacoustic system was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the strobe lights in eliciting a negative phototactic response in fish. The transducers were deployed so they tracked fish entering and within the region illuminated by the strobe lights. Two of the seven transducers were mounted to the frame containing the strobe lights and were oriented horizontally. The remaining five transducers were spaced approximately 4 m apart on individual floating frames upstream of the barge, with the transducers looking vertically downward.

Johnson, R.; McKinstry, C.; Simmons, C. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Safety profile, efficacy, and biodistribution of a bicistronic high-capacity adenovirus vector encoding a combined immunostimulation and cytotoxic gene therapy as a prelude to a phase I clinical trial for glioblastoma  

SciTech Connect

Adenoviral vectors (Ads) are promising gene delivery vehicles due to their high transduction efficiency; however, their clinical usefulness has been hampered by their immunogenicity and the presence of anti-Ad immunity in humans. We reported the efficacy of a gene therapy approach for glioma consisting of intratumoral injection of Ads encoding conditionally cytotoxic herpes simplex type 1 thymidine kinase (Ad-TK) and the immunostimulatory cytokine fms-like tyrosine kinase ligand 3 (Ad-Flt3L). Herein, we report the biodistribution, efficacy, and neurological and systemic effects of a bicistronic high-capacity Ad, i.e., HC-Ad-TK/TetOn-Flt3L. HC-Ads elicit sustained transgene expression, even in the presence of anti-Ad immunity, and can encode large therapeutic cassettes, including regulatory elements to enable turning gene expression on or off according to clinical need. The inclusion of two therapeutic transgenes within a single vector enables a reduction of the total vector load without adversely impacting efficacy. Because clinically the vectors will be delivered into the surgical cavity, normal regions of the brain parenchyma are likely to be transduced. Thus, we assessed any potential toxicities elicited by escalating doses of HC-Ad-TK/TetOn-Flt3L (1 10{sup 8}, 1 10{sup 9}, or 1 10{sup 10} viral particles [vp]) delivered into the rat brain parenchyma. We assessed neuropathology, biodistribution, transgene expression, systemic toxicity, and behavioral impact at acute and chronic time points. The results indicate that doses up to 1 10{sup 9} vp of HC-Ad-TK/TetOn-Flt3L can be safely delivered into the normal rat brain and underpin further developments for its implementation in a phase I clinical trial for glioma. - Highlights: ? High capacity Ad vectors elicit sustained therapeutic gene expression in the brain. ? HC-Ad-TK/TetOn-Flt3L encodes two therapeutic genes and a transcriptional switch. ? We performed a dose escalation study at acute and chronic time points. ? Doses up to 1 10{sup 9} vp of HC-Ad-TK/TetOn-Flt3L can be safely delivered in the brain. ? Efficacy and safety of HC-Ad-TK/TetOn-Flt3L merits its use in a GBM Phase I trial.

Puntel, Mariana [Department of Neurosurgery, The University of Michigan School of Medicine, MSRB II, RM 4570C, 1150 West Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5689 (United States); Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, The University of Michigan School of Medicine, MSRB II, RM 4570C, 1150 West Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5689 (United States); Gene Therapeutics Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Ghulam, Muhammad A.K.M. [Gene Therapeutics Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Farrokhi, Catherine [Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); VanderVeen, Nathan; Paran, Christopher; Appelhans, Ashley [Department of Neurosurgery, The University of Michigan School of Medicine, MSRB II, RM 4570C, 1150 West Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5689 (United States); Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, The University of Michigan School of Medicine, MSRB II, RM 4570C, 1150 West Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5689 (United States); Kroeger, Kurt M.; Salem, Alireza [Gene Therapeutics Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Lacayo, Liliana [Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Pechnick, Robert N. [Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Kelson, Kyle R.; Kaur, Sukhpreet; Kennedy, Sean [Gene Therapeutics Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Palmer, Donna; Ng, Philip [Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); and others

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Discovery of N-(4-(2-Amino-3-chloropyridin-4-yloxy)-3-fluorophenyl)-4-ethoxy-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridine-3-carboxamide (BMS-777607), a Selective and Orally Efficacious Inhibitor of the Met Kinase Superfamily  

SciTech Connect

Substituted N-(4-(2-aminopyridin-4-yloxy)-3-fluoro-phenyl)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridine-3-carboxamides were identified as potent and selective Met kinase inhibitors. Substitution of the pyridine 3-position gave improved enzyme potency, while substitution of the pyridone 4-position led to improved aqueous solubility and kinase selectivity. Analogue 10 demonstrated complete tumor stasis in a Met-dependent GTL-16 human gastric carcinoma xenograft model following oral administration. Because of its excellent in vivo efficacy and favorable pharmacokinetic and preclinical safety profiles, 10 has been advanced into phase I clinical trials.

Schroeder, Gretchen M.; An, Yongmi; Cai, Zhen-Wei; Chen, Xiao-Tao; Clark, Cheryl; Cornelius, Lyndon A.M.; Dai, Jun; Gullo-Brown, Johnni; Gupta, Ashok; Henley, Benjamin; Hunt, John T.; Jeyaseelan, Robert; Kamath, Amrita; Kim, Kyoung; Lippy, Jonathan; Lombardo, Louis J.; Manne, Veeraswamy; Oppenheimer, Simone; Sack, John S.; Schmidt, Robert J.; Shen, Guoxiang; Stefanski, Kevin; Tokarski, John S.; Trainor, George L.; Wautlet, Barri S.; Wei, Donna; Williams, David K.; Zhang, Yingru; Zhang, Yueping; Fargnoli, Joseph; Borzilleri, Robert M.; (BMS)

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

"Research to Improve the Efficacy of Captive Broodstock Programs and Advance Hatchery Reform Throughout the Columbia River Basin." [from the Abstract], 2008-2009 Progress Report.  

SciTech Connect

This project was developed to conduct research to improve the efficacy of captive broodstock programs and advance hatchery reform throughout the Columbia River Basin. The project has three objectives: (1) maintain adaptive life history characteristics in Chinook salmon, (2) improve imprinting in juvenile sockeye salmon, and (3) match wild phenotypes in Chinook and sockeye salmon reared in hatcheries. A summary of the results are as follows: Objective 1: The ratio of jack to adult male Chinook salmon were varied in experimental breeding populations to test the hypothesis that reproductive success of the two male phenotypes would vary with their relative frequency in the population. Adult Chinook salmon males nearly always obtained primary access to nesting females and were first to enter the nest at the time of spawning. Jack male spawning occurred primarily by establishing satellite positions downstream of the courting pair, and 'sneaking' into the nest at the time of spawning. Male dominance hierarchies were fairly stable and strongly correlated with the order of nest entry at the time of spawning. Observed participation in spawning events and adult-to-fry reproductive success of jack and adult males was consistent with a negative frequency-dependent selection model. Overall, jack males sired an average of 21% of the offspring produced across a range of jack male frequencies. Implications of these and additional findings on Chinook salmon hatchery broodstock management will be presented in the FY 2009 Annual Report. Objective 2: To determine the critical period(s) for imprinting for sockeye salmon, juvenile salmon were exposed to known odorants at key developmental stages. Molecular assessments of imprinting-induced changes in odorant receptor gene expression indicated that regulation of odorant expression is influenced by developmental status and odor exposure history. Expression levels of basic amino acid receptor (BAAR) mRNA in the olfactory epithelium increased dramatically during final maturation in both Stanley Basin and Okanogan River sockeye. These increases appeared to be independent of odor exposure history, rising significantly in both arginine-naive and arginine-exposed fish. However, sockeye exposed to arginine during smolting demonstrated a larger increase in BAAR mRNA than arginine-naive fish. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that odorant receptors sensitive to home stream waters may be upregulated at the time of the homing migration and may afford opportunities to exploit this system to experimentally characterize imprinting success and ultimately identify hatchery practices that will minimize straying of artificially produced salmonids. Additional analysis of Sockeye salmon imprinting and further implications of these findings will be presented in the FY 2009 Annual Report. Objective 3: Photoperiod at emergence and ration after ponding were varied in Yakima River spring Chinook salmon to test the hypothesis that seasonal timing of emergence and growth during early stages of development alter seasonal timing of smoltification and age of male maturation. Fish reared under conditions to advance fry emergence and accelerate growth had the greatest variation in seasonal timing of smolting (fall, spring and summer) and highest rates of early male maturation with most males maturing at age 1 (35-40%). In contrast, fish with delayed emergence and slow growth had the least variation in phenotypes with most fish smolting as yearlings in the spring and no age-1 male maturation. Growth (not emergence timing) altered rates of age-2 male maturation. Results of this study demonstrate that altering fry development, as is often done in hatcheries, can profoundly affect later life history transitions and the range of phenotypes within a spring Chinook salmon population. Additional work in the next funding period will determine if these rearing regimes affected other aspects of smolt quality, which may affect ultimate survival upon ocean entry.

Berejikian, Barry A. [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service

2009-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

243

Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project; Strobe Light Deterrent Efficacy Test and Fish Behavior Determination at the Grand Coulee Dam Third Powerplant Forebay, 2003-2004 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

Since 1995, the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (Colville Confederated Tribes) have managed the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project as part of the Northwest Power Planning Council (NWPPC) Fish and Wildlife Program. Project objectives have focused on understanding natural production of kokanee (a land-locked sockeye salmon) and other fish stocks in the area above Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph Dams on the Columbia River. A 42-month investigation from 1996 to 1999 determined that from 211,685 to 576,676 fish were entrained annually at Grand Coulee Dam. Analysis of the entrainment data found that 85% of the total entrainment occurred at the dam's third powerplant. These numbers represent a significant loss to the tribal fisheries upstream of the dam. In response to a suggestion by the NWPPC Independent Scientific Review Panel, the scope of work for the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project was expanded to include a multiyear pilot test of a strobe light system to help mitigate fish entrainment. This report details the work conducted during the third year of the strobe light study by researchers of the Colville Confederated Tribes in collaboration with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The objective of the study is to determine the efficacy of a prototype strobe light system to elicit a negative phototactic response in kokanee and rainbow trout under field conditions. The prototype system consists of six strobe lights affixed to an aluminum frame suspended 15 m vertically underwater from a barge secured in the center of the entrance to the third powerplant forebay. The lights, controlled by a computer, illuminate a region directly upstream of the barge. The 2003 study period extended from June 16 through August 1. Three light treatments were used: all six lights on for 24 hours, all lights off for 24 hours, and three of six lights cycled on and off every hour for 24 hours. These three treatment conditions were assigned randomly within a 3-day block throughout the study period. Hydroacoustic technology was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the strobe lights in eliciting a negative phototactic response in fish. The hydroacoustic system in 2003 comprised seven splitbeam transducers arrayed in front of the strobe lights, two multibeam transducers behind the lights, and a mobile splitbeam system. The seven splitbeam transducers were deployed so they tracked fish entering and within the region illuminated by the strobe lights. These transducers were spaced approximately 4 m apart on an aluminum frame floating upstream of the barge and looked vertically downward. The multibeam transducers monitored the distribution of fish directly behind and to both sides of the lights, while the mobile splitbeam system looked at the distribution of fish within the third powerplant forebay. To augment the hydroacoustic data, additional studies were conducted. The hydrodynamic characteristics of the third powerplant forebay were measured, and acoustically tagged juvenile kokanee were released upstream of the strobe lights and tracked within the forebay and downstream of the dam. Analysis of the effect of strobe lights on kokanee and rainbow trout focused on the number of fish detected in each of the areas covered by one of the downlooking transducers, the timing of fish arrivals after the status of the strobe lights changed, fish swimming effort (detected velocity minus flow velocity), and fish swimming direction. Water velocity measurements were used to determine fish swimming effort. The tracking of tagged kokanee provided data on fish movements into and out of the third powerplant forebay, including entrainment.

Simmons, M.; McKinstry, C.; Cook, C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

"Research to Improve the Efficacy of Captive Broodstock Programs and Advance Hatchery Reform Throughout the Columbia River Basin." [from the Abstract], 2007-2008 Annual Progress Report.  

SciTech Connect

This project was developed to conduct research to improve the efficacy of captive broodstock programs and advance hatchery reform throughout the Columbia river basin. The project has three objectives: (1) maintain adaptive life history characteristics in Chinook salmon, (2) improve imprinting in juvenile sockeye salmon, and (3) match wild phenotypes in Chinook and sockeye salmon reared in hatcheries. A summary of the results are as follows: Objective 1: Adult and jack Chinook salmon males were stocked into four replicate spawning channels at a constant density (N = 16 per breeding group), but different ratios, and were left to spawn naturally with a fixed number of females (N = 6 per breeding group). Adult males obtained primary access to females and were first to enter the nest at the time of spawning. Jack male spawning occurred primarily by establishing satellite positions downstream of the courting pair, and 'sneaking' into the nest at the time of spawning. Male dominance hierarchies were fairly stable and strongly correlated with the order of nest entry at the time of spawning. Spawning participation by jack and adult males is consistent with a negative frequency dependent selection model, which means that selection during spawning favors the rarer life history form. Results of DNA parentage assignments will be analyzed to estimate adult-to-fry fitness of each male. Objective 2: To determine the critical period(s) for imprinting for sockeye salmon, juvenile salmon were exposed to known odorants at key developmental stages. Molecular assessments of imprinting-induced changes in odorant receptor gene expression indicated that regulation of odorant expression is influenced by developmental status and odor exposure history. The results suggest that sockeye salmon are capable of imprinting to homing cues during the developmental periods that correspond to several of current release strategies employed as part of the Captive Broodstock program (specifically, planting eyed eggs, fall and smolt releases into the lake) appear to be appropriate for successful homing of sockeye in Redfish Lake. Also, our findings indicated that sockeye salmon were capable of olfactory imprinting at multiple life stages and over varying exposure durations. Fish exposed to odors just prior to smolting showed the strongest attraction to the imprinting odor arginine and this period corresponds to the period of highest plasma thyroxine levels and increased BAAR receptor mRNA in juveniles. Objective 3: Spring Chinook salmon were exposed to three different photoperiods and three feed rations at the button-up stage of development. Both photoperiod at emergence and ration post-ponding affected the number of males maturing at age one. Nearly 70% of the males in the early emergence and satiation fed group matured after the first year of rearing, while none of the fish reared on late emergence photoperiod (equivalent to emergence on May 1) matured during this time irrespective of ration treatment. Within the early emergence groups, reducing growth using ration (low or high) appeared to reduce the number of males maturing at age one from 70% to 40-50%. Maturation rates of fish that emerged in a photoperiod equivalent to mid-February (middle emergence) ranged from 10-25%. Together these data indicate that the seasonal timing of fry emergence and growth after ponding can alter life history patterns in spring Chinook salmon. The results imply that hatchery rearing practices that alter seasonal timing of fry emergence can have drastic effects on life history patterns in juvenile Chinook salmon. All three objectives are on-going and will result in recommendations (at the end of the FY 2009 performance period) to advance hatchery reforms in conventional and captive broodstock programs.

Berejikian, Barry A. [National Marine Fisheries Service

2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

245

Comparative study of energy saving light sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Techno-economic performance comparison of compact fluorescent lamps (CFL) with light emitting diodes (LED), electrode less fluorescent lamps (EEFL), fluorescent tubes, incandescent bulbs, photovoltaic (PV) and fiber optic lighting systems was carried out in view of worsening power and energy crisis in Pakistan. Literature survey showed 23W CFL, 21W EEFL, 18W fluorescent tube or 15W LED lamps emit almost same quantity of luminous flux (lumens) as a standard 100W incandescent lamp. All inclusive, operational costs of LED lamps were found 1.21, 1.62. 1.69, 6.46, 19.90 and 21.04 times lesser than fluorescent tubes, CFL, EEFL, incandescent bulbs, fiber optic solar lighting and PV systems, respectively. However, tubes, LED, CFL and EEFL lamps worsen electric power quality of low voltage networks due to high current harmonic distortions (THD) and poor power factors (PF). Fluorescent lamps emit UV and pollute environment by mercury and phosphors when broken or at end of their life cycle. Energy consumption, bio-effects, and environmental concerns prefer LED lamps over phosphor based lamps but power quality considerations prefer EEFL. CFL and EEFL manufacturers claim operating temperatures in range of ?20CLED lamps may be five to ten times higher that high THD and low PF lamps. Choice of a lamp depends upon its current THD, PF, life span, energy consumption, efficiency, efficacy, color rendering index (CRI) and associated physical effects. This work proposes manufacturing and user level innovations to get rid of low PF problems. Keeping in view downside of phosphor based lamps our research concludes widespread adoption of LED lamps. Government and commercial buildings may consider full spectrum hybrid thermal photovoltaic and solar fiber optic illumination systems.

N. Khan; N. Abas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Energy-Efficient, High-Color-Rendering LED Lamps Using Oxyfluoride and Fluoride Phosphors  

SciTech Connect

LED lamps using phosphor downconversion can be designed to replace incandescent or halogen sources with a 'warm-white' correlated color temperature (CCT) of 2700-3200 K and a color rendering index (CRI) greater than 90. However, these lamps have efficacies of {approx}70% of standard 'cool-white' LED packages (CCT = 4500-6000 K; CRI = 75-80). In this report, we describe structural and luminescence properties of fluoride and oxyfluoride phosphors, specifically a (Sr,Ca){sub 3}(Al,Si)O{sub 4}(F,O):Ce{sup 3+} yellow-green phosphor and a K{sub 2}TiF{sub 6}:Mn{sup 4+} red phosphor, that can reduce this gap and therefore meet the spectral and efficiency requirements for high-efficacy LED lighting. LED lamps with a warm-white color temperature (3088 K), high CRI (90), and an efficacy of {approx}82 lm/W are demonstrated using these phosphors. This efficacy is {approx}85% of comparable cool-white lamps using typical Y{sub 3}Al{sub 5}O{sub 12}:Ce{sup 3+}-based phosphors, significantly reducing the efficacy gap between warm-white and cool-white LED lamps that use phosphor downconversion.

Setlur, A.; Radkov, E; Henderson, C; Her, J; Srivastava, A; Karkada, N; Kishore, M; Kumar, N; Aesram, D; et al.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Daylighting Application and Effectiveness in Industrial Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Before the advent of practical mercury vapor and fluorescent lighting, the only available artificial lighting for industrial buildings was incandescent. The illumination of active industrial workspaces with incandescent lighting is difficult, so...

McCowan, B.; Birleanu, D.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

th Plan estimated that the conversion of standard incandescent bulbs used in the residential sector standard does not cover all incandescent lamps (e.g., lamps over 100 watts, 3- way lamps are exempt

249

Lesson Summary In this lesson, students will build an open spectrograph to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lines/mm or 25,400 groves/in) · Incandescent flashlight with focusing beam · Ruler · Meter stick · Exact students look through a diffraction grating toward an incandescent light bu

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

250

502 SHORT COMMUNICATIONS (Speotyto cuniculuria) to a moving object when the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the window. A red, 7-watt incandescent bulb inside the box provided illumina- tion for viewing the owl conditions were provided by one and four `I-watt incandescent bulbs, respectively. The single bulb

Minnesota, University of

251

March 10, 2011 Let There Be More Efficient Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

standards for light bulbs, which include a phasing out of incandescent bulbs in favor of more energy lyrically with two colleagues about "the incandescent bulb that has been turning back the night ever since

Colorado at Boulder, University of

252

The Problem Conventional office lighting typically consists of bright fluo-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and undercabinet lights combined with incandescent or fluorescent task lights. This approach is not very energy ) of space; traditional system with incandescent task lamp. Table 1: Traditional versus integrated office

253

Self-metallization of photocatalytic porphyrin nanotubes Zhongchun Wang,,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, placed in a glass water bath to control the temperature, and then irradiated with incandescent light (800 bath to control the temperature, and then irradiated with incandescent light (800 nmol cm-2 s-1 ). When

Shelnutt, John A.

254

Development of an Open-Source Smart Energy House for K-12 Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

around the world, incandescent lighting are becoming banned, because of the low efficiency. For example, through European commission regulation 244/2009 [4], re- cently all sales of incandescent light became

255

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plan estimated that the conversion of standard incandescent bulbs used in the residential sector not cover all incandescent lamps (e.g., lamps over 100 watts, 3-way lamps are exempt), it does cover 70

256

ELIZABETH H. AMARAL and H. ARNOLD CARR Experimental Fishing for Squid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

south- ern California became dependent upon lamps, principally the incandescent type, combined under I,OOO-watt incandescent lights!. However, the squid never Introduction July-A ugusl 1980 51 #12

257

Imaging Overview For understanding work in computational  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

absorbs some light 5 #12;6 #12;Other typical light sources · Incandescent light source ­ Produced absorb UV light and produce visible light. 7 #12;Incandescent sources Power spectrum of common light

California at Santa Barbara, University of

258

Fermilab | Science | Inquiring Minds | Questions About Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

high temperature, so high that the material will emit light, that is, glow like an incandescent light bulb. That is exactly what an incandescent bulb is: current passing through a...

259

Funding Sustainable Initiatives: Should Williams Implement a Revolving Loan Fund?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to replace its incandescent light bulbs with more efficient compact fluorescent (CFL) light bulbs. These light bulbs use 2/3 less energy than #12;Terra 4 standard incandescent bulbs, but they are more

Aalberts, Daniel P.

260

D E V E L O P I N G E N E R G Y E F F I C I E N T R E S I D E N T I A L L I G H T F I X T U R E S  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Table Lamp by Fire & Water Lighting For a typical high use fixture, replacing a 120-watt incandescent/managers in the target markets. · Find buildings with high quantities of portable incandescent fixtures that would

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Optimized Magnetic Components Improve Efficiency of Compact Fluorescent Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

xtures (designed for incandescent bulbs) has allowed residential and small commercial electric customers of incandescent lamps and last 10 times longer [1]. High-frequency electronic ballasts are used to power CFLs

262

Table Set-up with Materials near Lamp Stand (below) Target Audience: Parents of elementary school students (grades 3-6) and Middle and High School Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spectrum with different light sources; compact fluorescent, LED, incandescent. 5. Discuss light bulb. Observe difference of color spectrum with different light sources; compact fluorescent, LED, incandescent type of bulb at different horizontal level. Electromagnetic Spectrum handouts that includes spectrum

Linhardt, Robert J.

263

4024 Inorg. Chem. 1987, 26, 4024-4029 Contribution from the Departments of Chemistry, Colgate University, Hamilton, New York 13346,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and laboratory fluorescent light and during nights to light from a 150-W incandescent bulb 20 cm from the pair

Herbert, Bruce

264

Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and a washroom with bulb-type fluorescent lamps, (5) closingusing incandescent bulbs to fluorescent lamps. This switch

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

55Measuring Star Temperatures The lower plot shows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, incandescent bodies that have a red glow are 'cool' while bodies with a yellow or blue color are 'hot

266

HiRho CCD INTERNAL NOTE 31 October 1996  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by incandescent light) exposure with the Keck low­resolution spectrograph, divided by the same frame averaged over

267

Power Factor Reactive Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

power: 130 watts Induction motor PSERC Incandescent lights 0 0.002 0.004 0.006 0.008 0.01 0.012 0.014 0 power: 150 watts #12;Page 4 PSERC Incandescent Lights PSERC Induction motor with no load #12;Page 5 Incandescent Lights #12;Page 7 PSERC Incandescent lights power: Power = 118 V x 1.3 A = 153 W = 0.15 kW = power

268

b39.pdf  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Buildings All Lit Buildings Energy Information Administration 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey: Building Characteristics Tables 121 Incandescent Standard...

269

Retail Lamps Study 3.1: Dimming, Flicker, and Power Quality Characteristics of LED A Lamps.  

SciTech Connect

To date, all three reports in the retail lamps series have focused on basic performance parameters, such as lumen output, efficacy, and color quality. This report goes a step further, examining the photoelectric characteristics (i.e., dimming and flicker) of a subset of lamps from CALiPER Retails Lamps Study 3. Specifically, this report focuses on the dimming, power quality, and flicker characteristics of 14 LED A lamps, as controlled by four different retail-available dimmers. The results demonstrate notable variation across the various lamps, but little variation between the four dimmers. Overall, the LED lamps: ~tended to have higher relative light output compared to the incandescent and halogen benchmark at the same dimmer output signal (RMS voltage). The lamps dimming curves (i.e., the relationship between control signal and relative light output) ranged from linear to very similar to the square-law curve typical of an incandescent lamp. ~generally exhibited symmetrical behaviorthe same dimming curvewhen measured proceeding from maximum to minimum or minimum to maximum control signal. ~mostly dimmed below 10% of full light output, with some exceptions for specific lamp and dimmer combinations ~exhibited a range of flicker characteristics, with many comparing favorably to the level typical of a magnetically-ballasted fluorescent lamp through at least a majority of the dimming range. ~ always exceeded the relative (normalized) efficacy over the dimming range of the benchmark lamps, which rapidly decline in efficacy when they are dimmed. This report generally does not attempt to rank the performance of one product compared to another, but instead focuses on the collective performance of the group versus conventional incandescent or halogen lamps, the performance of which is likely to be the baseline for a majority of consumers. Undoubtedly, some LED lamps perform betteror more similar to conventional lampsthan others. Some perform desirably for one characteristic, but not others. Consumers (and specifiers) may have a hard time distinguishing better-performing lamps from one another; at this time, physical experimentation is likely the best evaluation tool.

Royer, Michael P.; Poplawski, Michael E.; Brown, Charles C.

2014-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

270

Development of more efficacious Tc-99m organ imaging agents for use in nuclear medicine by analytical characterization of radiopharmaceutical mixtures: Progress report for period September 1, 1986-August 31, 1987  

SciTech Connect

The long-range objective of this research is the development of more efficacious technetium-99m radiopharmaceuticals for use as imaging agents in diagnostic nuclear medicine. The author developed analytical techniques that are capable of separating radiopharmaceutical mixtures into their component technetium complexes for subsequent evaluation. During this one-year period, a chromatographic procedure has been developed for the separation of technetium phosphonoacetic acid (PAA) complexes and five Tc-PAA complexes have been isolated from radiopharmaceutical preparations. The concentration of each complex in the preparation varies significantly depending on the pH of the preparation. Radiopharmaceutical preparations based on the ligand methylene diphosphonate (MDP) have been prepared by electrochemical reduction of TcO/sub 4//sup -/. The yields of different Tc-MDP complexes are affected by the potential applied to the electrochemical cell. The control of both potential and pH enables a specific Tc-MDP complex to be produced in purer form and higher yield than by chemical reduction. An EXAFS spectrum of a solution of chromatographically isolated Tc-HEDP (hydroxyethylidine diphosphonate) complex shows evidence for a Tc-Tc bond, which is supportive of the postulated oligomeric/polymeric nature of these complexes. 9 refs., 4 figs.

Heineman, W.R.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Presented at the 1998 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, August 23-28, 1998, Pacific Grove, CA, and published in the Proceedings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Incandescent Lamps: The International Experience Francis Rubinstein Building Technologies Department 22311-1772 March 1998 #12;1 Creating Markets For New Products To Replace Incandescent Lamps-in, energy-efficient replacement for the incandescent lamp. This paper summarizes the international

272

Supplementary Material for: Application of Synchrotron Radiation for Measurement of Iron Red-ox  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@engr.wisc.edu #12;Incandescent Light Bulb Spectrum Figure 1 Visible Light Fluorescent Light Bulb Spectrum #12;Figure 2 Visible Light Incandescent Light Bulb Spectrum #12;Figure 3 Unmodified XANES Spectrum February 14 of the incandescent lights used for aging the atmospheric aerosols. The units are in m / S / m2 / nm. Figure 3

Meskhidze, Nicholas

273

Author's personal copy Radiative heat transfer in enhanced hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tube and heated in a furnace or by an incandescent lamp. It was observed that hydrogen release from the glass sample was faster and stronger when heated by an incandescent lamp than within a furnace. Here and the glass samples. In brief, the radiation emitted by the incandescent lamp is concentrated between 0

Pilon, Laurent

274

Energy Conversion: Solid-State Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and global climate change. Historically, electric light bulbs have been of the incandescent type. Although this technology was developed more than 100 years ago, it is still in use today. Incandescent light bulbs operate, which allows the bulb to operate at a higher temperature. However, the efficiency of incandescent light

275

How Many CASTLE Bulbs Would You Need To Match the Brightness of the Sun?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Suppose that you have two household incandescent bulbs: one is labeled "60W," the other "100W." If you try incandescent bulb and a 9W fluorescent bulb. Which one makes your room brighter? It's not what you might expect... in fact, they look about the same! The incandescent bulb emits a broad spectrum of visible and infrared

Collar, Juan I.

276

Issues, Models and Solutions for Triac Modulated Phase Dimming of LED Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

greater than incandescent lamps [1,2]. In fact, recent technological breakthroughs [3-7] in the high of LED lighting: An incandescent source produces 10 ­ 20 lumens/watt, while several manufacturers have? Incandescent bulbs primarily utilize phase modulating dimming through triac switches to control the power sent

Lehman, Brad

277

PipelineJuly 2012 Volume 4, Issue 4 (From President Kaler's June 14 e-mail)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the LightEnergy Management seeks incandescent and T12 lamps Energy Management Senior Engineer Alicia inefficient light sources. Although the vast majority of the campus's number one offenders -- incandescent fluorescent lamps and classic incandescent A-lamps. T12's can be identified by their "fat" appearance (1

Webb, Peter

278

EK101 Engineering Light Project: Evaluate Residential Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for residential lighting (LED, Compact Fluorescent, Incandescent). Develop a plan of experiments to be conducted, CF, and Incandescent bulbs for the past ten years. (try the wayback time machine if other sources fail). Discuss the key challenges associated with a transition from incandescent lighting

Bifano, Thomas

279

The light-emitting diode (LED) is an fairly new kind of light source found currently in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this technology an ideal replacement for less efficient incandescent light sources, particularly in applications elevator lighting has the potential to achieve 25 percent greater efficiency than current incandescent ILLUMINATION LEVELS SIMILAR TO THOSE OF INCANDESCENT FIXTURES WHILE CUTTING ENERGY USE 45 PERCENT. ELEVATOR

280

geoffrey iwata phy h190phy h190  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

through 2014 Effectively bans the manufacturing and importing of most current incandescent light bulbsmost current incandescent light bulbs Rationale: 22% of US electricity consumption due to lighting Wikipedia.org #12;What are the Light Bulb Wars Should incandescent bulbs be banned from production? ? #12

Budker, Dmitry

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

JY Tsao Evolution of Solid-State Lighting: Market Pull and Technology Push Xiamen 2005 Apr 13 Evolution of Solid-State Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Technology Push · Xiamen · 2005 Apr 13 0 20 40 60 80 100 0.1 1.0 10.0 100.0 Incandescent (12%) Fluorescent Fluorescent Standard Incandescent · So let's start with traditional lighting. · Here, I've plotted the 26 and Eugene Hong of Navigant Consulting. The lamps fall into three overall families: incandescent, in green

282

Article #11, May 23, 2006 AJ's Technical Tips: Technologies for Lighting in Rural Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/a 30 lumens 0.1 Incandescent Bulb 15 W 225 lumens 15 Fluorescent Tube Lamp 10 W 500 lumens 50 White LED Lamp 1 W 30 lumens 30 The data in Table 1 show that incandescent bulbs and fluorescent tubes generate incandescent bulbs are about 150 times more efficient. In other words, electric lights are not only brighter

Jacobson, Arne

283

Colin Fink was a pioneer in electrochemical processing of materials. Fink is best known for his ground-breaking developments in the electro-deposi:on of metals, and par:cularly for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:le tungsten for incandescent lamp filaments, an insoluble anode used in the copper! ! Invented process to produce ductile tungsten for incandescent lamp filaments! ! Taught S. Ruben, who for incandescent lamp filaments! ! Taught S. Ruben, who invented alkaline baJery (Duracell Company

Columbia University

284

THE HISTORY AND TECHNICAL EVOLUTION OF HIGH FREQUENCY FLUORESCENT LIGHTING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B L U E , G R E E N , INCANDESCENT FORM OF LAMPS OF VARIOUSTHE E F F I C I E N C Y INCANDESCENT A P P L I C A T I O N SI M E S , DEPENDING THE THE INCANDESCENT GENERAL LAMPS. THE

Campbell, John H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

The answer to this question may be found in the following Confucian proverb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

principle: when you get something hot, it glows. The hot wire filament inside an incandescent light bulb clear incandescent Christmas tree lights · Infrared goggles (optional) Please don't use this activity with incandescent bulbs takes much more power input, and so they'll need to work quite a bit harder. Doing

Hardy, Darel

286

DUAL USE OF LEDS: SIGNALING AND COMMUNICATIONS IN ITS Grantham Pang, Chi-ho Chan, Hugh Liu, Thomas Kwan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) over incandescent lights is well-supported. This is due to their high shown that the high brightness LEDs are significantly brighter than the incandescent lights lights with LEDs is a reduction in power consumption [7]. In addition, incandescent traffic signals burn

Pang, Grantham

287

Sponsored by The Meyer Fund for Sustainable Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incandescent bulbs 5. Photocell Output vs. Lamp Distance To investigate the photovoltaic (PV) cell output power dependence on the distance between the PV cell and an incandescent lamp. 6. Output Current between the PV cell and an incandescent lamp. Appendix C: Vocabulary Brief explanation of terminology

Oregon, University of

288

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUEIV Colloque C4,supplkmentau Journal de Physique 111,Volume4, avril1994  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from an incandescent lamp and a Article published online by EDP Sciences and available at http imperfections in the device : the heat produced by the incandescent lamp may affect the tissue sample and may and log P) and the penetration depth (lines). #12;C4-256 JOURNALDE PHYSIQUEIV in place of the incandescent

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

289

Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Basics Lighting Basics Lighting Basics August 15, 2013 - 5:12pm Addthis Text Version There are many different types of artificial lights, all of which have different applications and uses. Types of lighting include: Fluorescent Lighting High-intensity Discharge Lighting Incandescent Lighting LED Lighting Low-pressure Sodium Lighting. Which type is best depends on the application. See the chart below for a comparison of lighting types. Lighting Comparison Chart Lighting Type Efficacy (lumens/watt) Lifetime (hours) Color Rendition Index (CRI) Color Temperature (K) Indoors/Outdoors Fluorescent Straight Tube 30-110 7000-24,000 50-90 (fair to good) 2700-6500 (warm to cold) Indoors/outdoors Compact Fluorescent 50-70 10,000 65-88 (good) 2700-6500 (warm to cold) Indoors/outdoors

290

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS SREQUEST BY CREE, INC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SREQUEST BY CREE, INC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND SREQUEST BY CREE, INC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC26-03NT41943; W(A)-03-051, CH-1170 The Petitioner, Cree, Inc., (Cree) was awarded this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "High Efficiency LED Lamp for Solid State Lighting." The purpose of the cooperative agreement is to develop the technology, fabrication processes, and prototypes to demonstrate solid-state lamps based on GaN semiconductor LEDs that are viable replacements for energy inefficient incandescent lighting solutions. The ultimate goal of the program is to deliver to the Department of Energy solid-state lamp prototypes that produce 1000 Im of white flux at an efficacy of 1001m/w, with the potential of improvement to 150 Im/W beyond the time frame of the

291

High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics August 15, 2013 - 5:59pm Addthis High-intensity discharge (HID) lighting provides the highest efficacy and longest service life of any lighting type. It can save 75%-90% of lighting energy when it replaces incandescent lighting. Illustration of a high-intensity discharge (HID) lIllustration amp. The lamp is a tall cylindrical shape, and a cutout of the outer tube shows the materials inside. A long, thin cylinder called the arc tube runs through the lamp between two electrodes. The space around the arc tube is labeled as a vacuum. In a high-intensity discharge lamp, electricity arcs between two electrodes, creating an intensely bright light. Mercury, sodium, or metal halide gas

292

DOE Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research | OSTI,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research Light-emitting diode (LED) lighting is a type of solid-state lighting that uses a semiconductor to convert electricity to light. LED lighting products are beginning to appear in a wide variety of home, business, and industrial products such as holiday lighting, replacement bulbs for incandescent lamps, street lighting, outdoor area lighting and indoor ambient lighting. Over the past decade, LED technology research and development supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has yielded impressive improvements in the cost, color performance, light output, efficacy, reliability, lifetime, and manufacturability of LED products and this upward trend is expected to continue. Read about the latest DOE research, the technology behind LEDs,

293

Safety and Efficacy of Prehospital Diltiazem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HR was ,100 beats per minute (bpm) or if it decreased 20%.The average initial HR was 154 bpm. On arrival to theof the patients had an HR , 100 bpm and 69% had a drop in HR

Luk, Jeffrey H; Walsh, Brian; Yasbin, Paul

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Compact Fluorescent Plug-In Ballast-in-a-Socket  

SciTech Connect

The primary goal of this program was to develop a ballast system for plug-in CFLs (compact fluorescent lamps) that will directly replace standard metal shell, medium base incandescent lampholders (such as Levition No. 6098) for use with portable lamp fixtures, such as floor, table and desk lamps. A secondary goal was to identify a plug-in CFL that is optimized for use with this ballast. This Plug-in CFL Ballastin-a-Socket system will allow fixture manufacturers to easily manufacture CFL-based high-efficacy portable fixtures that provide residential and commercial consumers with attractive, cost-effective, and energy-efficient fixtures for use wherever portable incandescent fixtures are used today. The advantages of this proposed system over existing CFL solutions are that the fixtures can only be used with high-efficacy CFLs, and they will be more attractive and will have lower life-cycle costs than screw-in or adapter-based CFL retrofit solutions. These features should greatly increase the penetration of CFL's into the North American market. Our work has shown that using integrated circuits it is quite feasible to produce a lamp-fixture ballast of a size comparable to the current Edison-screw 3-way incandescent fixtures. As for price points for BIAS-based fixtures, end-users polled by the Lighting Research Institute at RPI indicated that they would pay as much as an additional $10 for a lamp containing such a ballast. The ballast has been optimized to run with a 26 W amalgam triple biax lamp in the base-down position, yet can accept non-amalgam versions of the lamp. With a few part alterations, the ballast can be produced to support 32 W lamps as well. The ballast uses GE's existing L-Comp[1] power topology in the circuit so that the integrated circuit design would be a design that could possibly be used by other CFL and EFL products with minor modifications. This gives added value by reducing cost and size of not only the BIAS, but also possibly other integral CFL and future dimmable integral and plug-in versions of the EFL products.

Rebecca Voelker

2001-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

295

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.6 Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

9 9 Typical Efficacies and Lifetimes of Lamps (1) Current Technology CRI (2) Incandescent 10 - 19 97 Halogen 14 - 20 99 Fluorescent - T5 25 - 55 52 - 75 Fluorescent - T8 35 - 87 7,500 - 20,000 52 - 90 Fluorescent - T12 35 - 92 7,500 - 20,000 50 - 92 Compact Fluorescent 40 - 70 82 Mercury Vapor 25 - 50 15 - 50 Metal Halide 65 - 70 High-Pressure Sodium 22 Low-Pressure Sodium 0 Solid State Lighting 33-97 Note(s): Source(s): 18 - 180 18,000 20 - 100 15,000 - 50,000 1) Theoretical maximum luminous efficacy of white light is 220 lumens/Watt. 2) CRI = Color Rendering Index, which indicates a lamp's ability to show natural colors. 3) The DOE Solid State Lighting program has set an efficacy goal twice that of fluorescent lights (160 lumen per Watt). DOE, EERE, Building Technology Program/Navigant Consulting, U.S. Lighting Market Characterization, Volume I: National Lighting Inventory and Energy

296

Design and Predictive Control of a Net Zero Energy Home  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the same amount of light as traditional incandescent bulbs with less energy. Incandescent bulbs are inherently inefficient as most of the energy they consume goes towards heat generation. Compact fluorescent (CFL) and light emitting diode (LED) bulbs... as heat [1]. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) and Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) were analyzed in comparison with incandescent lamps. To determine the most energy efficient bulb, energy consumption for each type of bulb is needed. To do this, the amount...

Morelli, F.; Abbarno, N.; Boese, E.; Bullock, J.; Carter, B.; Edwards, R.; Lapite, O.; Mann, D.; Mulvihill, C.; Purcell, E.; Stein, M. IV; Rasmussen, B. P.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

LED ProspectsLED Prospects photometric units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/5/8 #12;16 Light bulb comparisonLight bulb comparison W lumens khours CRI $US Incandescent (long life) 75-life incandescent with LED. · 10 light fixtures/home, lights on for 6h/day, 333 days/yr. · Electricity 0.12 $/kWh. W khours $US Incandescent (long life) 100 10 2 LED (PAR38, warm, dimmable) 11 40 90 · What is the lifetime

Pulfrey, David L.

298

(1) Telegraphy (2) Continuous and Alternating Current Machinery An Elementary Textbook for use in Technical Schools (3) Laboratory Manual, Direct and Alternating Current (4) Transmission Line Formulas for Electrical Engineers and Engineering Students (5) Wireless Telegraphy (6) Incandescent Electric Lamps and Their Application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the various kinds of electrical machinery now in use. Although the treatment is of an elementary kind and includes very few formulas, it is very thorough. It discusses all the ... special circumstances we should never think of using i iovolt mains for measuring the resistance of a yard or two of wire or of the armature of a dynamo, ...

DAVID ROBERTSON

1914-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

299

EA-1664: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Finding of No Significant Impact 4: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1664: Finding of No Significant Impact Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps The U.S. Department of Energy has determined that the adoption of energy conservation standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps as described in the final rule titled the "energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector lamps," would not be a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. Finding of No Significant Impact for 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent

300

EA-1664: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

64: Final Environmental Assessment 64: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1664: Final Environmental Assessment 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps The U.S. Department of Energy has determined that the adoption of energy conservation standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps as described in the final rule titled the "energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector lamps," would not be a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... concrete, 37; phonograph, 37; incandescent electric lamp, 35; steam turbine, 34; electric car, 34; calculating machine, 33; internal-combustion engine, 33.

1913-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

302

Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Thomas Alva Edison | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

served as the catalyst for cost-competitive incandescent lighting. 4. Back when the automobile was first introduced, electric cars outsold their internal combustion counterparts....

303

Sandia National Laboratories: Brief History of Artificial Lighting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lifetime; as demonstrated by the evolution from lamps that utilize the electric arc then to carbon-filament and finally to metal-filament lamps. Incandescence culmination...

304

CFL Lightbulbs | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

cflhiresweb.eps Description CFL lightbulbs - high-resolution EPS More Documents & Publications CFL Lightbulbs Energy-Saving Incandescents LED Lightbulbs...

305

Edison vs. Tesla: Toasting a Rivalry That Drove Innovation |...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

inventions -- the incandescent light bulb -- in our new interactive timeline. And test your knowledge of these two important energy inventors with our gallery of "Who Said...

306

DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

150 million compact fluorescent light bulbs in 2010. (ChinaCleaners Incandescent Bulbs Fluorescent Lamps Ballasts forincandescent bulbs with compact fluorescent lamps. Consumers

McNeil, MIchael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

LED Basics | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Basics LED Basics Unlike incandescent and fluorescent lamps, LEDs are not inherently white light sources. Instead, LEDs emit nearly monochromatic light, making them highly...

308

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory: Museum of Electricity...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and businesses as an energy-saving alternative to incandescent. Related Electricity & Magnetism Pages Interactive Java Tutorials: Arc Lamp Museum: Arc Lamp Pioneers: Nikola Tesla...

309

Energy Department Provides $7 Million for Solid-State Lighting...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

incandescent and fluorescent lamps, solid-state lighting creates light without producing heat. A semi-conducting material converts electricity directly into light, which maximizes...

310

U. S. Department of Energy to Invest up to $20.6 Million for...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

million. SSL lighting is an advanced technology that creates light with considerably less heat than incandescent and fluorescent lamps, allowing for increased energy efficiency....

311

Data:9896ce95-eb09-4363-b003-2286bc397634 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

date: 20120401 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Street Light: 670 Watt Incandescent (Type 0600) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: ISU Document Source...

312

Tesla vs. Edison | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Edison was an American inventor who developed the first commercially practical incandescent light bulb. Learn More Nikola Tesla Inventor 435 likes Nikola Tesla was born in the...

313

Semiconductor Science and Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

controlled illumination via interface with microelectronics. MASSIVE ENERGY SAVINGS Incandescent and fluorescent lamps convert less than 20% of electrical energy into visible...

314

Educators: Are You Ready to Teach Energy Literacy? Join our August...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

pedal for power and experience the difference in physical effort necessary to power incandescent, compact fluorescent, and LED lighting. This lesson highlighted Energy Principle 4,...

315

Type of Space Bulb Type #/House Fixture Style Greenhouse #  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

841 360 8 F 32 T8/TL 841 360 9 F 32 T8/TL 841 360 MTPS 216 Ch. 1 F 72 T12 CW/VHO 72 1 Incandescent 60w 72 2 F 72 T12 CW/VHO 72 2 Incandescent 60w 72 5 F 72 T12 CW/VHO 72 5 Incandescent 60w 72 10 F 72 T12 CW/VHO 72 10 Incandescent 60w 72 #12;DR 1009 Ch. 27 F 032/431 4 Seed Chamber Ch. 28 F40T12/ADV 41 6

Pawlowski, Wojtek

316

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

alike can also reduce power demand, and thus carbon emissions, by replacing the incandescent bulbs in their homes with energy-saving compact fluorescent bulbs. That's a handy...

317

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

light bulbs, which use 75 percent less energy and last ten times longer than incandescent bulbs, (2) window installation kits, which would improve heat instillation in the...

318

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

out fixtures to accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs instead of relying on incandescent bulbs. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants Native Village of Stevens...

319

E-Print Network 3.0 - accidentelle aux iodes Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 2 L'MISSION LECTRIQUE DU TUNGSTNE INCANDESCENT DANS UNE ATMOSPHRE D'IODE. Summary: 'mission ngative du tungstne; l'influence...

320

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

potentially provide many advantages over standard lighting technologies, such as incandescent bulbs, especially in the areas of efficiency, - 2 - operating lifetime and the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

DOE Publishes Request for Information for Ceiling Fans | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fans Energy Conservation Standards DOE Publishes Final Rule for the Request for Exclusion of 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conservation Standards...

322

DOE Publishes New Report on Dimming LEDs with Phase-Cut Dimmers...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The new report reviews how phase-cut dimmers work, how LEDs differ from the incandescent lamps these dimmers were originally designed to control, and how those differences...

323

CX-000139: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

until funds are expended. Retrofits will consist of changing fixtures from incandescent to fluorescent lighting. Recent experience with lighting retrofits in the region...

324

Data:31d94db3-6c2b-472f-990d-9ee9a8ffef87 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

purposes or high mounting ornamental pole installed initially to support an incandescent luminaire 3.52 b) Low mounting ornamental pole or distribution pole preserved...

325

ARM - Field Campaign - ASRC RSS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

were cosine response corrected, and their radiometric calibration were based on incandescent lamp calibrators that are traceable to the NIST irradiance scale. Campaign Data...

326

Data:950167f8-54e9-4cb6-abd7-5c9ac4078c09 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

date: 20120401 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Street Light: 295 Watt Incandescent (Type 0500) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: ISU Document Source...

327

CX-000136: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

retrofits for bathrooms of 42 residences. These retrofits would involve upgrading incandescent light fixtures to those that will accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs. It is...

328

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

retrofits for bathrooms of 42 residences. These retrofits would involve upgrading incandescent light fixtures to those that will accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs. It is...

329

General Service LED Lamps | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

DOE SSL technology fact sheet that compares general service LED light bulbs with incandescent and CFL bulbs. ledgeneral-service-lamps.pdf More Documents & Publications LED...

330

2014-04-11 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for General...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-04-11 Issuance: Energy Conservation...

331

ARM - PI Product - ASRC RSS Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are cosine response corrected. And their radiometric calibration is based on incandescent lamp calibrators that can be traced to the NIST irradiance scale. The units are W...

332

CX-000137: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

out fixtures to accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs instead of relying on incandescent bulbs. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-000137.pdf More Documents &...

333

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the funding permits. Residences for the retrofits will be selected based on need. Incandescent bulbs would be replaced with compact fluorescent bulbs. Power consumption would be...

334

Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Thomas Alva Edison | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and engineers -- pioneered improvements to a variety of inventions, including the incandescent light bulb. 6. Edison left a profound impact on the nation's energy sector. Beyond...

335

Fabrication of Emissible Metallic Layer-by-Layer Photonic Crystals...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

crystals that can be used as highly efficient light sources.DescriptionOrdinary incandescent lamps waste most of the supplied electric power to emit invisible light such as...

336

Covered Product Category: Compact Fluorescent Lamps | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

per watt performance. Buyer Tips CFLs installed in enclosed fixtures designed for incandescent bulbs may overheat. This can significantly reduce both light output and lifetime....

337

Energy Implications of Solid-State Lighting Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficient yet highly controllable generation of light can be accomplished by light-emitting diodes that can have a 20 times greater efficiency than incandescent light sources....

Schubert, E Fred; Kim, Jong Kyu

338

Understanding Drooping Light Emitting Diodes CEEM | U.S. DOE...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Impact Understanding "droop" may result in cheaper, more efficient LEDs; LEDs are more energy efficient, smaller, and longer-lived than incandescent lamps or fluorescent...

339

Wavelength-stable rare earth-free green light-emitting diodes for energy efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solid state lighting seeks to replace both, incandescent and fluorescent lighting by energy efficient light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Just like compact fluorescent tubes, current white...

Wetzel, Christian; Detchprohm, Theeradetch

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

FIND A BIN, IT ALL GOES IN all types of paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

containers · ceramics, mirrors, windows, pyrex · incandescent light bulbs HAZARDOUS WASTE & CONFIDENTIAL: flatten next to containers, or place in marked dumpsters SPECIAL RECYCLING ITEMS: containers located

Thaxton, Christopher S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.6 Efficiency Standards for Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Efficiency Standards for Incandescent Reflector Lamps (1) Effective for lamps manufactured after November 1, 1995 and before July 14, 2012 Minimum Nominal Average Lamp Lamp Wattage Efficacy (lm/W) 40-50 10.5 51-66 11.0 67-85 12.5 86-115 14.0 116-155 14.5 156-205 15.0 Effective for lamps manufactured on or after July 14, 2012 Minimum Rated Lamp Rated Average Lamp Lamp Wattage Lamp Spectrum Diameter (in) Voltage (V) Efficacy (lm/W) (2) 40-205 Standard Spectrum >2.5 ≥125 6.8*P^0.27 40-205 Standard Spectrum >2.5 <125 5.9*P^0.27 40-205 Standard Spectrum ≤2.5 ≥125 5.7*P^0.27 40-205 Standard Spectrum ≤2.5 <125 5.0*P^0.27 40-205 Modified Spectrum >2.5 ≥125 5.8*P^0.27 40-205 Modified Spectrum >2.5 <125 5.0*P^0.27 40-205 Modified Spectrum ≤2.5 ≥125 4.9*P^0.27

342

EVOLUTION OF BLACK CARBON MIXING-STATE IN AN URBAN-BIOGENIC ENVIRONMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study (CARES), the Department of Energy Gulfstream-1 (DOE G-1) and the incandescent signal peak from the BC core (BC; mass equivalent diameter = 60 - 650 nm). For nascent soot that must first "boil" off before the BC core can incandesce. It is this time ­ to vaporize the coating

343

Table Set-up with equipment Target Audience: Parents of elementary school students (grades 3-6), Middle and High School Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on significantly different technology (e.g. incandescent, CFL, LED) as an example of information on light bulbs://sites.google.com/a/mobilestudioproject.com/www/ Approx. $150.00 each LED Bulb 40 Lumen equivalent (Sylvania) Lowe's or Home Depot Approx. $22.00 each Compact Fluorescent Bulb 40 Lumen equivalent (GE) Lowe's or Home Depot Approx. $6.50 each Incandescent

Linhardt, Robert J.

344

SUR LA LUMIRE POSITIVE ET LE PASSAGE DE L'LECTRICIT DANS LES GAZ ; Par M. P. VILLARD.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on chauffe fortement une région cesse d'être lumineux dans cette région ; un fil incandescent placé dans ce tube crée autour de lui un espace obscur : or on sait qu'un corps incandescent érnet des ions en

Boyer, Edmond

345

3Water on Planetary Surfaces Space is very cold!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incandescent bulb consume if left on for 1 hour? Problem 2: A house consumes about 3,000 kilowatts in one hour, in Joules, does a 100 watt incandescent bulb consume if left on for 1 hour? Answer: 100 watts is the same

346

System Architecture Directions for a Software-Defined Lighting Infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spectrum of an outdoor environment and a typical fluorescent tube-lit office space. Indoor spectrum to incandescent and fluorescent lights. Unfortunately, the remarkable march of semiconductor technology a renaissance. The staple of illumi- nation for one and a half centuries, the incandescent bulb, is being phased

Dutta, Prabal

347

CALiPER Retail Lamps Study 3  

SciTech Connect

The CALiPER program first began investigating LED lamps sold at retail stores in 2010, purchasing 33 products from eight retailers and covering six product categories. The findings revealed a fragmented marketplace, with large disparities in performance of different products, accuracy of manufacturer claims, and offerings from different retail outlets. Although there were some good products, looking back many would not be considered viable competitors to other available options, with too little lumen output, not high enough efficacy, or poor color quality. CALiPER took another look in late 2011purchasing 38 products of five different types from nine retailers and the improvement was marked. Performance was up; retailer claims were more accurate; and the price per lumen and price per unit efficacy were down, although the price per product had not changed much. Nonetheless, there was still plenty of room for improvement, with the performance of LED lamps not yet reaching that of well-established classes of conventional lamps (e.g., 75 W incandescent A19 lamps). Since the second retail lamp study was published in early 2012, there has been substantial progress in all aspects of LED lamps available from retailers. To document this progress, CALiPER again purchased a sample of lamps from retail stores 46 products in total, focusing on A19, PAR30, and MR16 lamps but instead of a random sample, sought to select products to answer specific hypotheses about performance. These hypotheses focused on expanding ranges of LED equivalency, the accuracy of lifetime claims, efficacy and price trends, as well as changes to product designs. Among other results, key findings include: There are now very good LED options to compete with 60 W, 75 W, and 100 W incandescent A19 lamps, and 75 W halogen PAR30 lamps. MR16 lamps have shown less progress, but there are now acceptable alternatives to 35 W, 12 V halogen MR16 lamps and 50 W, 120 V halogen MR16 lamps for some applications. Other uses, such as in enclosed luminaires, may require more development. At the same price point, lamps purchased in 2013 tended to have higher output and slightly higher efficacy than in 2011 or 2010. Over 30% of the products purchased in 2013 exceeded the maximum efficacy measured in 2011 (71 lm/W), with the most efficacious product measured at 105 lm/W. There appears to be increasing consistency in color quality, with a vast majority of products having a CCT of 2700 K or 3000 K and a CRI between 80 and 85. There were also fewer poor performing products tested and more high-performing products available in 2013 than in previous years. The accuracy of equivalency and performance claims was better than in 2011, but remains a concern, with 43% of tested products failing to completely meet their equivalency claim and 20% of products failing to match the manufacturers performance data. Although progress has been substantial, on average LED lamps remain more expensive than other energy efficiency lighting technologies -- although some aspects can be superior. Although not universal to all product lines or all product types, the issue of insufficient lumen output from LED lamps is waning. Thus, manufacturers can focus on other issues, such as reducing cost, improving electrical/dimmer compatibility, eliminating flicker, or improving color quality. While these issues are not inherent to all products, they remain a concern for the broader market.

Royer, Michael P.; Beeson, Tracy A.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Biocidal Efficacy of a Flocculating Emergency Water Purification Tablet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of a Flocculating Emergency Water Purification Tablet Edmund M. Powers 1...Chlor-Floc (CF) emergency water purification tablets were tested for bactericidal...requirements for emergency water purification and are safe and acceptable...

Edmund M. Powers; C. Hernandez; S. N. Boutros; B. G. Harper

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Tumor localization and antitumor efficacy of novel sapphyrin compounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...expanded porphyrins with potential medical use in a variety of areas...cells was done under subdued lighting and sapphyrin-treated cells...sapphyrins, have potential medical use, including in the area...Synthetic materials with potential medical utility. Pure Appl Chem 1999...

Louie Naumovski; Mint Sirisawad; Philip Lecane; Jun Chen; Jason Ramos; Zhong Wang; Cecilia Cortez; Darren Magda; Patti Thiemann; Garry Boswell; Dale Miles; Dong Gyu Cho; Jonathan L. Sessler; and Richard Miller

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Tumor localization and antitumor efficacy of novel sapphyrin compounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Texas TD T program. The costs of publication of this...porphyrins with potential medical use as anticancer agents...porphyrins with potential medical use in a variety of areas...was done under subdued lighting and sapphyrin-treated...sapphyrins, have potential medical use, including in the...

Louie Naumovski; Mint Sirisawad; Philip Lecane; Jun Chen; Jason Ramos; Zhong Wang; Cecilia Cortez; Darren Magda; Patti Thiemann; Garry Boswell; Dale Miles; Dong Gyu Cho; Jonathan L. Sessler; and Richard Miller

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

The Efficacy of Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Orbital Pseudotumor  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To review institutional outcomes for patients treated with external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for orbital pseudotumor. Methods and Materials: This is a single-institution retrospective review of 20 orbits in 16 patients diagnosed with orbital pseudotumor that received EBRT at the University of Oklahoma, Department of Radiation Oncology. Treated patients had a median follow-up of 16.5 months. Results: Fifteen patients (93.7%) were initially treated with corticosteroids. Eight had recurrence after steroid cessation, six were unable to taper corticosteroids completely or partially, and one experienced progression of symptoms despite corticosteroid therapy. Fourteen patients (87.5%) initially responded to radiotherapy indicated by clinical improvement of preradiation symptoms and/or tapering of corticosteroid dose. Mean EBRT dose was 20 Gy (range, 14-30 Gy). Thirteen patients (81.2%) continued to improve after radiation therapy. Patient outcomes were complete cessation of corticosteroid therapy in nine patients (56.3%) and reduced corticosteroid dose in four patients (25%). Radiotherapy did not achieve long-term control for three patients (18.7%), who still required preradiation corticosteroid dosages. Three patients received retreatment(s) of four orbits, of which two patients achieved long-term symptom control without corticosteroid dependence. One patient received retreatment to an orbit three times, achieving long-term control without corticosteroid dependence. No significant late effects have been observed in retreated patients. Conclusions: Radiotherapy is an effective treatment for acute symptomatic improvement and long-term control of orbital pseudotumor. Orbital retreatment can be of clinical benefit, without apparent increase in morbidity, when initial irradiation fails to achieve complete response.

Matthiesen, Chance, E-mail: chance-matthiesen@ouhsc.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Bogardus, Carl; Thompson, J. Spencer [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Farris, Bradley; Hildebrand, Lloyd; Wilkes, Byron [Dean A. McGee Eye Institute, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Syzek, Elizabeth; Algan, Ozer; Ahmad, Salahuddin; Herman, Terence [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Cree Sets New Benchmarks for LED Efficacy and Brightness  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Cree has successfully created a cool white LED prototype that delivers 107 lm/W at 350mA. This achievement builds on the Cree EZBright LED chip platform, developed in part with prior funding support from DOE. Cree made the prototype LED under their DOE project focused on developing LED chips incorporating photonic crystal elements for improved light extraction and novel package technology for higher down-conversion efficiency compared to conventional LEDs. Based on a 1 millimeter-square chip, the new prototype LED produces white light with a CCT of 5500K and a CRI of 73. Integration of four of these prototype LEDs can produce luminous flux of more than 450 lumens.

353

The Efficacy of Aerial Search During the Battle of Midway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Battle of Midway (June 4-6, 1942) is considered one of the pivotal naval encounters of the Second World War. The battle has been examined in detail within both popular and scholarly literature, and a common opinion found in virtually all of these ... Keywords: Aerial Search, Battle of Midway, Monte Carlo Simulation, Viewsheds, World War II

Denis J. Dean

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Efficacy of screening in preventing cervical cancer among older women  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We classified 58 cases (79.5%) as having been clinically detected. A higher proportion of controls than cases had a Pap test during the presumed PIDP, regardless of the estimated length of the PIDP (Table2...)....

Aruna Kamineni; Sheila Weinmann; Kirkwood K. Shy

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

The Efficacy of Computer-Delivered Treatment for Smoking Cessation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...controlled trial of a palmtop computer-delivered, individualized...complete assessments on a palmtop computer during the week before quitting...important to note that hand-held computers were not common at the time...of interest were disclosed. Grant Support The manuscript was...

Lorraine R. Reitzel; Jennifer B. McClure; Ludmila Cofta-Woerpel; Carlos A. Mazas; Yumei Cao; Paul M. Cinciripini; Jennifer Irvin Vidrine; Yisheng Li; and David W. Wetter

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

The Efficacy of Computer-Delivered Treatment for Smoking Cessation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...controlled trial of a palmtop computer-delivered, individualized...assessments on a palmtop computer during the week before...note that hand-held computers were not common at the...interest were disclosed. Grant Support The manuscript...4) Education High school/GED 38 (25.3) 42...

Lorraine R. Reitzel; Jennifer B. McClure; Ludmila Cofta-Woerpel; Carlos A. Mazas; Yumei Cao; Paul M. Cinciripini; Jennifer Irvin Vidrine; Yisheng Li; and David W. Wetter

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

TECHNICAL NOTES Efficacy of the Implied Approximation in the Identification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

+ kA2 * k b U + k2 A3 * k + k2 A4 * k h b 2 where air density; U mean wind velocity; B=2b bridge deck configuration of the bridge deck; h and displacement of the bridge deck section in the vertical and torsional Xinzhong Chen1 and Ahsan Kareem2 Abstract: Structural motion induced aerodynamic forces on bridges

Chen, Xinzhong

358

Toward a Pluralistic Theory on Efficacious Patent Institution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pro- See generally M AC L EOD , supra note 84. Id. at 1019.84 See generally M AC L EOD C HRISTINE , I NVENTING THEnote 64, at 1821; M AC L EOD , supra note 84, at 2039 (

Lee, Nari

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Pharmacokinetics and Efficacy of Oxytetracycline in RLP-infected Abalone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to pathogen. Atomic absorption spectroscopy conducted onwe assessed, via atomic absorption/emission spectrometry,microwave digestion and atomic absorption spectrometry (

Tjeerdema, Ronald S.; Friedman, Carolyn S.; Moore, James D.; Viant, Mark R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

The efficacy of supplementing ethoxyquin in poultry feed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Slater (1987) defined a free radical as a molecule or molecular fragment containing a single unpaired electron. This electron bestows high reactivity on the free radical. In chemical formulas, the unpaired electron is conventionally shown as a... "superscript dot", as with the hydroxyl radical OH. The unpahed electron gives certain characteristic properties to the free radical, such as paramagnetism According to Pryor (1966), two electrons constitute virtually all chemical bonds, and therefore bonds...

Srinivasan, Lavanya Janardan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

DOE Publishes Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for Utility Program Planning. The report was created in response to requests from utilities and energy efficiency organizations for information to help them forecast the order...

362

Efficacy and Phytotoxicity of Sumagic (Uniconazole) for Growth Control of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@ucdavis.edu LOCATION OF TRIAL: Dept. of Env. Hort., University of California, Davis TRIAL TYPE greenhouse, container 2 pinched on 8/29/03 (Figure 2), transferred to a second glasshouse with supplemental lighting to simulate

Lieth, J. Heinrich

363

Efficacy of Phloxine B as a Bactericidal Agent in Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Halogenated xanthene dyes have been shown previously to have light-mediated herbicidal potential (Knox and Dodge, 1984, 1985a,b) but have been investigated mostly as insecticidal agents (Broome et al., 1975; Callahan et al., 1975). ... Sweet basil and jimsonweed were grown in a potting mix of peat moss and perlite (1:1) that had 29 kg of dolomitic lime/m3 and 3.3 kg of Micromax fertilizer/m3 (Scotts-Sierra Horticulture Products Co.) added. ... The flasks were placed in a completely randomized design on a rotary shaker thermostated at 25 C and supplemented with continuous lighting (2700 lx) for a period of 24 h. ...

Kenneth O. Willeford; Todd A. Parker; Susan V. Diehl

1998-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

364

Phytotoxicity and Efficacy of Florel (Ethephon) for Growth Control of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California Needs UC Davis Environmental Horticulture IR4 Center Department of Environmental Horticulture, Address, Phone#): Dr. Heiner Lieth Department of Environmental Horticulture University of California One light with day/night temperatures of 72°F/62°F (22°C/16°C) (Fig. 1). The plants were watered as needed

Lieth, J. Heinrich

365

A bovine model for evaluating efficacy of Pasteurella haemolytica biologics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and clinical score TABLE 2. Clinical scoring system for calf pneumonia TABLE 3. Pasteurella ~haemol tl a mouse thalleage Page 16 17 20 TABLE 4. Hean clinical score and mean antibody response of calves 23 TABLE 5. 'Serum turbidity test 25 LIST... OF FIGURES FIGURE 1. Temperature response of challenge calves FIGURE 2. Serum IgG antibody to Leukotoxin Protein as measured by an ELISA FIGURE 3. Serum IgG antibody to Supernatant Precipitate Antigen as measured by an ELISA Page 21 26 28...

Harris, James Robert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

366

Devastated crops: multifunctional efficacy for the production of nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Integration of green chemistry principles to nanotechnology is one of the key issues in nanoscience research. Biological methods were used to synthesize metal and metal oxide nanoparticles of specific shape and size since they enhance the properties ...

G. Madhumitha; Selvaraj Mohana Roopan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Research Article Efficacy of Audiovisual and Radar Surveys for Studying  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

probabilities were strongly affected by a variety of other factors including weather, time relative to sunrise. 2003, Burger and Bahn 2004). Commonly used metrics include the presence or absence of murrelets (Evans

Mladenoff, David

368

Efficacy of Partial ROM Squat in Maximal Strength Training.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Eighteen well trained males (1RM Squat: 150.57 26.79 kg) were assigned to two groups: full ROM training (control) and full ROM with partial (more)

Bazyler, Caleb

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Efficacy of oral altrenogest for postponing ovulation in the mare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(11) Treated NBM (3) Maria (3) TF (3) PC (4) NNN (4) MM (6) Lady (5) Snip (5) Babe (20) CC (11) Binky (14) Sparticus (18) Ashley (13) Mares were teased daily by a stallion confined to a teasing cage located...

Murrell, Sandra Lee

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

370

Influence of dietary composition on coccidiosis vaccination efficacy in broilers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). Coccidiosis is recognized as the parasitic disease that has the greatest economic impact on the commercial poultry industry. In 1995, it was estimated to cause a loss of approximately 40 million pounds on production in the UK of 625 million broilers...

Lee, Jason Thomas

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

371

Determinism, Self-Efficacy, and the Phenomenology of Free Will  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some recent studies have suggested that belief in determinism tends to undermine moral motivation: subjects who are given determinist texts to read become more likely to cheat or engage in vindictive behaviour. One possible ...

Holton, Richard

372

Genetic Screening Identifies Cyanogenesis-Deficient Mutants of Lotus japonicus and Reveals Enzymatic Specificity in Hydroxynitrile Glucoside Metabolism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...rows containing Levington F1 compost in a greenhouse during late summer without supplementary lighting (minimum day/night temperature, 22...seed on filter paper and grown in soil in a greenhouse at 22C. Nicotiana benthamiana plants were...

Adam Takos; Daniela Lai; Lisbeth Mikkelsen; Maher Abou Hachem; Dale Shelton; Mohammed Saddik Motawia; Carl Erik Olsen; Trevor L. Wang; Cathie Martin; Fred Rook

2010-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

373

Compact fluorescent lamp applications in luxury hotels  

SciTech Connect

Over the past several years, consumers, lighting designers, and energy conservationists have paid increasing attention to the special characteristics of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs). CFLs can typically be used to replace incandescent lamps of three to four times their own wattage, and their color rendering indices (CRIs)-80 to 85-make them virtually indistinguishable from incandescents. The typical 10,0000-hour life of a CFL often makes savings in labor its most desirable feature when compared to a shorter-lived incandescent lamp.

Gilleskie, R.J.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Creating computer generated scene lighting in the style of Edward Hopper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interior illumination to be the sole, dramatic source of light.[12] The bright yellow incandescent light is the main source of light in the scene. Inside the right window, there is a shaded lamp that locally emits red light. Comparing the color... of the two window shades, the incandescent light is positioned a bit left of the center of the room. Most of the shading in the room and the buildings interior made by the incandescent light is clear. There seems to be no light source coming from...

Jo, Hee Yeon

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

375

Untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residential Lighting Profile Residential Lighting Profile This section contains a basic profile of lighting use in residential households. It includes brief discussions about the characteristics and location of lights used in residential households, as well as descriptions of the amount of electricity used for lighting and variations in households' consumption of electricity for lighting. Types of Lights Dominance of Incandescent Lights The majority of light bulbs in residential households are incandescent. According to the RECS Survey, 453 million lights out of a total of 523 million used one or more hours per day are incandescent (87 percent).[8] The Lighting Supplement also estimates that 87 percent of residential lights used 15 minutes or more per day are incandescent. Fluorescent Lights of All Types

376

Untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Potential for Savings Potential for Savings Household-Level Savings Households in the U. S. contain a total of 523 million lights that are on 1 or more hours a day--282 million of these are on 4 or more hours a day. The majority of these lights are incandescent--88 percent of those on 1 to 4 hours and 85 percent of those on 4 or more hours. Given the greater efficiency of compact fluorescent lights, how much would households save if they replaced their incandescent lights with compact fluorescents? Replacing incandescent lights that are on for a short period of time with compact fluorescents is not very cost effective, because compact fluorescents cost so much more than incandescents (about 22 dollars compared to 75 cents). However, at longer periods of use, compact fluorescents do become cost effective, in spite of their high initial cost.

377

10-04-2010 CA-B-10-0154  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 Sandia National LaboratoriesCalifornia (SNLCA) will develop a novel fieldable laser-induced incandescence sensor to measure black carbon (BC) and brown carbon (BrC) organic...

378

The Varley family: engineers and artists  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...at the crucial time when incandescent lighting was being introduced. The rapid exploitation of this form of lighting created a demand for large, efficient...Thunder Storm; with some Remarks on Medical Electricity', by Mr Cornelius Varley...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Chaos in the Solar Cycle: using data to drive predictions Matthew Young  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is a mass of incandescent gas [45] whose chief role, as far as life on Earth is con- cerned, is to fuse (Hale) magnetic cycle. Previous studies (e.g. [23] and [36]) have attempted to explain the variation

380

How do high tides and low tides occur? Is it possible to have an Earth-like planet orbiting a multiple-star system?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LED lights that make them more efficient and longer lasting than incandescent bulbs? Why is it that some people see rays of light emanate outward from certain light sources, such as streetlights

Redner, Sidney

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

#AskEnergySaver: LED Lights | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

LED Lights AskEnergySaver: LED Lights April 24, 2014 - 6:00pm Addthis LED lights are six to seven times more energy efficient than conventional incandescent lights, cut energy use...

382

LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This May 19, 2009 webcast summarized CALiPER's recent benchmark testing of common omnidirectional incandescent lamps (e.g., A-lamps), and provided an update on ENERGY STAR criteria for LED integral...

383

Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of LED Lighting Products  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This March 28, 2013 webcast reviewed DOE's recently completed three-part study of the life-cycle energy and environmental impacts of LED lighting products relative to incandescent and CFL...

384

Lumens and the Lighting Facts Label | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

of the lights in your home may vary widely, so here's a rule of thumb: To replace a 100 watt (W) incandescent bulb, look for a bulb that gives you about 1600 lumens. If you want...

385

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory: Museum of Electricity...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydroelectric Power Station After Thomas Edison introduced the incandescent light bulb in the United States, he needed a way to provide power to a growing customer base. He built...

386

Solid-State LightingL Prize Competition  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The L Prize competition spurs the development of new, ultra-efficient lighting products to replace common light sources, including the 60-watt (W) incandescent bulb and the PAR38 reflector bulb.

387

Max Tech and Beyond: Maximizing Appliance and Equipment Efficiency by Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with compact fluorescent bulbs, with LEDs being a likelyLED exit signs comprised 80% of the market, those using compact fluorescent lightbulbs (CFLs) 15%, and those using incandescent bulbs

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

cis-Regulatory Elements and Chromatin State Coordinately Control Temporal and Spatial Expression of FLOWERING LOCUS T in Arabidopsis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...that ectopic CO expression led to ubiquitous GUS signal...the vasculature, as green fluorescent protein (GFP) signal was...d. Light was provided by fluorescent tubes complemented by incandescent bulbs to increase the proportion...

Jessika Adrian; Sara Farrona; Julia J. Reimer; Maria C. Albani; George Coupland; Franziska Turck

2010-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

389

Color Scanner Performance Tradeoffs G. Sharma and H.J. Trussell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from the viewing illuminant (often incandescent light/ daylight), it is difficult to design realizable error. However, such a formulation 9 does not yield a closed form solution and is therefore not very

Sharma, Gaurav

390

Saving Energy | The Ames Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the use of technology that requires less energy to perform the same function. A compact fluorescent light bulb that uses less energy than an incandescent bulb to produce the same...

391

Plant Physiol. (1983) 73, 4504510 0032-0889/83/73/0450/02/$00.50/0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wrapped around 20-w cool white fluorescent tubes. For far-red light (730 nm peak, 15 nm half band width-w incandescent bulb was filtered through No. 2025 Plexiglas (Rohm and Hass, Inc.). Irradiance levels

Decoteau, Dennis R.

392

Comparison of Test Procedures and Energy Efficiency Criteria in Selected International Standards and Labeling Programs for Clothes Washers, Water Dispensers, Vending Machines and CFLs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

top_runner//tr_fluorescent_light_bulb_jul.2009.pdf NiskinSubcommittee Final Report (bulb type fluorescent lamp). Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) are an efficient lighting alternative to traditional incandescent light bulbs

Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Lighting Choices - White Background | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

lightingallbulbs.jpg Description All of these lightbulbs-CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving incandescents-meet the new energy standards that take effect from 2012-2014....

394

Altered gene expression during cold acclimation of spinach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...white fluores- cent tubes and supplemented with incandescent lighting as described (10). Plants were watered daily and half-strength...for 5 min, and rapidly cooled tPresent address: Ornamental Horticulture Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611...

C L Guy; K J Niemi; R Brambl

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

NOTES AND NEWS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...A. Henry, agriculture; William Trelease, botany and horticulture; H. P. Armsby, agricultural chemistry. The bulletins...SEPTEMBER 28, 1883.] SCIE and second best systems of electric lighting, both incandescent and arc.-We learn from Symons' meteorological...

1883-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

396

Small Wind Guidebook/First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

as 10% on heating and cooling. Installing exterior or interior storm windows can reduce heat loss through windows by 25% to 50%. Replacing 15 incandescent light bulbs with energy...

397

Microsoft Word - SWMU 39 Revised SAR CY 2004  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4, 2005 the newly discovered waste removed from this area consists of one broken incandescent light bulb. This item was labeled as hazardous waste and placed into a Satellite...

398

CX-011406: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 11/21/2013 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Golden Field Office

399

CX-010755: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Final Rule to Exempt 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conversion Standards CX(s) Applied: A5 Date: 08/02/2013 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Golden Field Office

400

Five Energy-Savings Things I am Thankful for this Year | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

lighting. Energy-efficient light bulbs use 25% to 80% less energy than traditional incandescent bulbs, and they can last 3 to 25 times longer. The right bulb can also offer a...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Energy Saving Gift Ideas for Dad this Father's Day | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

on Mother's Day, your mind totally lapsed. But it's time to get serious. Changing incandescent light bulbs to CFLs or LEDs can save as much as 80% a year on lighting costs....

402

DOE Publishes Final Rule for the Request for Exclusion of 100...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Request for Exclusion of 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conservation Standards DOE Publishes Final Rule for the Request for Exclusion of 100 Watt...

403

Untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9. Number of Lights by Type of Bulb by Hours Used, 1993 Bulb Type Incandescent Fluorescent Other Hours Used Total Low Medium High Unknown Short Long Compact Halogen Other Unknown...

404

Trojan: Order (2011-CE-2704)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Trojan, Inc. to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Trojan had failed to certify that certain models of incandescent reflector lamps comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

405

Sandia National Laboratories: Solid-State Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(LEDs), has the potential to be 10 times more energy efficient than traditional incandescent light bulbs. Currently, 20% of U.S. energy use powers lighting. SSL technology can...

406

Topstar International: Order (2011-CE-2703)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Topstar International, Inc. to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Topstar International had failed to certify that certain models of incandescent reflector lamps comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

407

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

on its head, and perhaps in the not-too-distant future make the century-old incandescent light bulb go the way of the dinosaur. June 11, 2009 What Small Improvements Have...

408

CX-010744: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Final Rule to Exempt 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conversion Standards CX(s) Applied: A5 Date: 08/02/2013 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Golden Field Office

409

EiKO: Order (2011-CE-2702)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered EiKO Ltd. - North America to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding EiKO had failed to certify that certain models of incandescent reflector lamps comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

410

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.6 Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

(2) Standard Fluorescent 59.7 96% Incandescent 38.5 62% Compact Fluorescent 27.6 44% High-Intensity Discharge 20.6 33% Halogen 17.7 29% Note(s): Source(s): EIA, 2003 Commercial...

411

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

EEBLBP3 91- 93 F-2b Percent standard incandescent bulb STBLBP3 95- 97 F-2c Percent energy efficient fluorescent EEFLRP3 99- 101 F-2d Percent standard fluorescent light...

412

DuraLamp USA: Order (2010-CE-0912)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered DuraLamp USA, Inc. to pay a $2,500 civil penalty after finding DuraLamp USA had failed to certify that model PAR 30, an incandescent reflector lamp, complies with the applicable energy conservation standards.

413

2 Masers and Lasers January 31, 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, a candle, an incandescent bulb, or a fluorescent source, is the result of incoherent emission of light from of Radiation) that extended the existence of coherent sources right into the ultraviolet spectrum

Thouless, David

414

2011 Rutgers Faraday Children's Lecture Crew ReichertJon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Continuous "black body spectrum" from incandescent light bulb hydrogen fluorescent light What they saw. ROY G. Disk jumps out of changing magnetic field region. Induced current lights bulb. #12;Prof. Chuck Keeton

Glashausser, Charles

415

Lesson Summary In this lesson, students will find and calculate the angle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

white light source (incandescent light bulb, not fluorescent) · Copies of Astronomy Today or Sky of electromagnetic spectrum · Understanding of light and prisms · Experience with angle measurements · Experience

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

416

Power factor and harmonic distortion characteristics of energy efficient lamps  

SciTech Connect

This paper evaluates the performance of a new class of lamps which are generally classified as the energy-saving lamps. It is shown that, when compared with the incandescent lamps, these lamps indeed consume less real power and have higher relative illumination. However, the energy-saving lamps operate at a low power factor and produce current distortion which are much higher than the distortion produced by the traditional incandescent lamps.

Etezadi-Amoli, M.; Florence, T.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Certain Lamps Exempted from General Service Incandescent Lamp Standards Certain Lamps Exempted from General Service Incandescent Lamp Standards Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The information on this page pertains to the Department of Energy's (DOE) analysis of and unit sales forecast for five lamp types, which was mandated by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007). Among the requirements of subtitle B of title III of EISA 2007 were provisions directing DOE to evaluate and publish within 1 year a benchmark unit sales estimate for five types of incandescent lamps (rough service lamps, vibration service lamps, 3-way incandescent lamps, 2,601-3,300 lumen general service incandescent lamps, and shatter-resistant lamps). These lamp types were not made subject to the regulatory standards for general service incandescent lamps established by EISA 2007. Among the requirements of subtitle B of title III of EISA 2007 were provisions directing DOE to collect, analyze, and monitor unit sales of these five lamp types.

418

Efficacy of Consumer-Available Antimicrobials for the Disinfection of Pathogen Contaminated Green Bell Pepper and Efficacy of Consumer Cleaning Methods for the Decontamination of Knives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004). Sources of Produce Contamination Produce can become contaminated with pathogens during production, harvest, and processing, and at retail outlets, in foodservice establishments, and in the home kitchen via improper handling and storage prior... by direct contact to the water to other areas of production, including the workers (Gallegos-Robles and others 2008). Figure 1- Mechanisms of fresh produce contamination. Mechanisms by which fresh produce might become contaminated...

Perez, Keila Lizth

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

419

Downlight Demonstration Program: Hilton Columbus Downtown  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) estimates that there were about 700 million downlight luminaires installed in residential and commercial buildings in the U.S. as of 2012, with light-emitting diode (LED) luminaires representing less than 1% of this installed base. Downlight luminaires using conventional incandescent, halogen, and compact fluorescent lamps have lower efficacies and shorter expected lifetimes than comparable LED systems, but the lower initial cost of the conventional technology and the uncertainties associated with the newer LED technology have restricted widespread adoption of LED downlight luminaires. About 278 tBtu of energy could be saved annually if LED luminaires were to saturate the downlight market, equating to an annual energy cost savings of $2.6 billion. This report summarizes an evaluation of LED recessed downlight luminaires in the guest rooms at the Hilton Columbus Downtown hotel in Columbus, OH. The facility opened in October of 2012, and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) conducted a post-occupancy assessment of the facility in JanuaryMarch of 2014. Each of the 484 guest rooms uses seven 15 W LED downlights: four downlights in the entry and bedroom and three downlights in the bathroom. The 48 suites use the seven 15 W LED downlights and additional fixtures depending on the space requirements, so that in total the facility has more than 3,700 LED downlights. The downlights are controlled through wall-mounted switches and dimmers. A ceiling-mounted vacancy sensor ensures that the bathroom luminaires are turned off when the room is not occupied.

Davis, Robert G.; Perrin, Tess E.

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

420

Efficacy of gravity-fed chlorination system for community-scale water disinfection in northern Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although chlorine is one of the lowest cost ways of providing disinfection, currently billions of people lack drinking water that has had this simple treatment. Arch Chemical's Pulsar 1 unit is an innovation in chlorine ...

Fitzpatrick, Daniel Cash

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The COACH prompting system to assist older adults with dementia through handwashing: An efficacy study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel artificial intelligence audio-visual prompting system improves the ability of people with moderate dementia to complete the daily activity of handwashing and has the potential to aid independent living in this group of patients.

Alex Mihailidis; Jennifer N Boger; Tammy Craig; Jesse Hoey

2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

422

Efficacy of office ergonomics training: an evaluation and comparison of instructor and web-based training  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to a variety of reasons, one of the most common types of training found at companies is safety and health training. As part of a comprehensive health and safety training program there is usually an ergonomics training course. These courses...

Rucker, Nathan Paul

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

423

Effects of Tumor Microenvironment Heterogeneity on Nanoparticle Disposition and Efficacy in Breast Cancer Tumor Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...microenvironment. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the role of heterogeneity of the...abnormal tumor microenvironment and has proved to selectively target tumor cells and reduce...have been approved and used clinically due to limited impacts on overall survival. Heterogeneity...

Gina Song; David B. Darr; Charlene M. Santos; Mark Ross; Alain Valdivia; Jamie L. Jordan; Bentley R. Midkiff; Stephanie Cohen; Nana Nikolaishvili-Feinberg; C. Ryan Miller; Teresa K. Tarrant; Arlin B. Rogers; Andrew C. Dudley; Charles M. Perou; William C. Zamboni

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

The Efficacy of Foot Orthoses in the Treatment of Individuals with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the exception of the study by Collins et al.,[38] none of the included studies completed an a priori power calculation to determine sample size; or in...43] it did not contain an adequate number of participa...

Mr Christian J. Barton; Shannon E. Munteanu; Hylton B. Menz

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

The safety and efficacy of a thymidine kinase negative equine herpesvirus 1 vaccine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 2 10. 2 300 6. 6 9. 0 4320 4590 90 27 9. 9 200 6. 2 11. 7 3978 8903 585 234 26 7. 2 10. 1 600 6. 4 8. 8 i 2376 5280 880 264 25 7. 1 9. 8 300 6. 3 10. 4 2184 7488 520 208 24 6. 7 9. 5 400 6. 2 7 9 2765 4503... 474 158 25 6. 9 9. 3 300 6. 5 7. 5 2475 4725 150 150 22 6. 3 8. 7 400 6. 3 10. 4 4264 5512 416 208 25 9. 2 500 6. 6 9. 9 3366 6138 99 297 Foal 2 PCV RBC Hgb Fib PP M3C Naut Lym Mon Eos Baso 33 12. 5 300 6...

Cornick, Janyce Louise

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

426

The focus of this issue is the efficacy of competition interventions from several  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

' paper questions the wisdom of the energy regulator's recent intervention to prohibit energy suppliers

Feigon, Brooke

427

Online Homework vs. Traditional Homework: Statistics Anxiety and Self-Efficacy in an Educational Statistics Course  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research, Hinkle, D. E. , Wiersma, W. , & Jurs, S. G. (of asking for help. Hinkle, Wiersma, & Jurs (2003) recommend

Williams, Amanda

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

The Efficacy of Galaxy Shape Parameters in Photometric Redshift Estimation: A Neural Network Approach  

SciTech Connect

We present a determination of the effects of including galaxy morphological parameters in photometric redshift estimation with an artificial neural network method. Neural networks, which recognize patterns in the information content of data in an unbiased way, can be a useful estimator of the additional information contained in extra parameters, such as those describing morphology, if the input data are treated on an equal footing. We show that certain principal components of the morphology information are correlated with galaxy type. However, we find that for the data used the inclusion of morphological information does not have a statistically significant benefit for photometric redshift estimation with the techniques employed here. The inclusion of these parameters may result in a trade-off between extra information and additional noise, with the additional noise becoming more dominant as more parameters are added.

Singal, J.; Shmakova, M.; Gerke, B.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC /Stanford U.; Griffith, R.L.; /Caltech, JPL; Lotz, J.; /NOAO, Tucson

2011-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

429

An FtsZ-Targeting Prodrug with Oral Antistaphylococcal Efficacy In Vivo  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...blood samples were then centrifuged at 4,000 rpm for 10 min at 4C to separate the plasma. The plasma samples were stored at C prior to their bioanalysis. Plasma concentrations of TXY436 and PC190723 were quantified by LC-MS/MS, with the...

Malvika Kaul; Lilly Mark; Yongzheng Zhang; Ajit K. Parhi; Edmond J. LaVoie; Daniel S. Pilch

2013-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

430

Neuroprotective efficacy of aminopropyl carbazoles in a mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...top of the front paw print. It is evident in...of ALS. Analysis of Plasma, Brain, and Spinal...1 H NMR (CDCl3, 500 MHz) 8.10 (d, 2H...0.13 M) under a N2 atmosphere was cooled in a dry ice...1 H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz) 8.23 (d, 2H...

Rachel Tesla; Hamilton Parker Wolf; Pin Xu; Jordan Drawbridge; Sandi Jo Estill; Paula Huntington; LaTisha McDaniel; Whitney Knobbe; Aaron Burket; Stephanie Tran; Ruth Starwalt; Lorraine Morlock; Jacinth Naidoo; Noelle S. Williams; Joseph M. Ready; Steven L. McKnight; Andrew A. Pieper

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Clinical relevance of the ROC and free-response paradigms for comparing imaging system efficacies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the difficulty and cost of the measurement increases...charged as they involve cost-benefit considerations...Manning D. J. Ambient lighting: effect of illumination...characteristic analysis in medical imaging. ICRU Report...widely used to assess medical imaging systems. Unlike......

D. P. Chakraborty

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

E-Print Network 3.0 - arthritis forty-eight-week efficacy Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the rich... ', as opposed to rheumatism, an arthritis of the poor' 1. In history, gout seems a common disease, and many Source: Groningen, Rijksuniversiteit - Centre for...

433

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing treatment efficacy Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Medicine 34 Summary and future perspectives Numerous publications identify that gout management is often sub-optimal, despite detailed Summary: of benzbromarone in gout...

434

Improving the delivery and efficacy of a cancer therapeutic via extracellular matrix modification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The extracellular matrix (ECM) has been shown to be a significant source of hindrance to the transport of macromolecules in solid tumors. This thesis shows that by limiting their interstitial transport, the tumor ECM can ...

Mok, Wilson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Field Comparison of the Sampling Efficacy of Two Smear Media: Cotton Fiber and Kraft Paper  

SciTech Connect

Two materials were compared in field tests at the Defense Waste Processing Facility: kraft paper (a strong, brown paper made from wood pulp prepared with a sodium sulfate solution) and cotton fiber. Based on a sampling of forty-six pairs of smears, the cotton fiber smears provide a greater sensitivity. The cotton fiber smears collected an average of forty-four percent more beta activity than the kraft paper smears and twenty-nine percent more alpha activity. Results show a greater sensitivity with cotton fiber over kraft paper at the 95 percent confidence level. Regulatory requirements for smear materials are vague. The data demonstrate that the difference in sensitivity of smear materials could lead to a large difference in reported results that are subsequently used for meeting shipping regulations or evaluating workplace contamination levels.

Hogue, M.G.

2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

436

An assessment of honeybee foraging activity and pollination efficacy in Australian Bt cotton.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Cotton is a high-value commercial crop in Australia. Although cotton is largely self-pollinating, previous researchers have reported that honeybees, Apis mellifera, can assist in cross-pollination (more)

Keshlaf, Marwan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Efficacy of geoengineering to limit 21st century sea-level rise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; b Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, PL122, 96100 Rovaniemi, Finland; c Thule Institute, University of Oulu, PL3000, 90014 Oulun Yliopisto, Finland; d National Oceanography Centre, Joseph Proudman aerosol injection into the strato- sphere, mirrors in space, afforestation, biochar, and bioenergy

Moore, John

438

Identification of factors which affect competitive exclusion culture establishment and efficacy in commercial poultry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the concept of CE was not seriously investigated until the early 1970's. A Salmonella infantis outbreak occurred in Finland's broiler flocks in 1971 resulted in 277 human illnesses which were diagnosed to be caused by the same serotype as was found... in infected poultry flocks (Nurmi and Rantala, 1973) This initiated investigations at Finland's National Vetennary Institute in 1972 that were very instrumental in developing the modern concept of CE that is practiced today. In these experiments the concept...

McReynolds, Jackson Lee

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

The influence of johnsongrass rhizome density on the efficacy of fluridone and trifluralin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

treatment with 0. 1 ppm fluridone showed a significant de- crease in foliar chlorosis as rhizome density increased. Soil analysis by gas chromatography revealed no significant trends which would link rhizome density with fluridone residue levels. At all... made 12 days after treat- ment. . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . 28 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Johnsongrass (Sor hum hale ense L. ) was introduced into the U. S. from North Africa around 1830 (15). It was originally intended to be a quality forage...

Cornell, Paul Curtis

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

440

Efficacy and mode of action of propiconazol against Phymatotrichum omnivorum on cotton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(5) . This represents approximately 87 million U. S. dollars. Losses result from the death of plants and consequent loss of seed and reduction in quality of lint obtained. Many methods have been tried in the past to minimize losses due to P... was obtained rom plants manifesting symptoms of the disease, Poz that reason I will use the name P. amnivorum throughout this caper. The disease. The disease cotton root rot has many names. It has been known in the past as Texas zoot zot, Czonium root rot...

Mathieson, John Todd

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Efficacy of Appropriate Empiric Antibiotic Therapy for Sepsis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mortality assessment, prospective plan to assess appropriate empirical...myocardial infarction? A systematic review and meta-analysis. CJEM 10...Furuno. 2007. A systematic review of the methods used to assess...immunocompetent patients: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised...

Mical Paul; Vered Shani; Eli Muchtar; Galia Kariv; Eyal Robenshtok; Leonard Leibovici

2010-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

442

Dual serotonin and noradrenaline uptake inhibitor class of antidepressants Potential for greater efficacy or just hype?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Preclinical and clinical studies support the rationale that development of single molecules, which would promote serotonergic and noradrenergic neurotransmission by inhibiting simultaneously the uptake of both...

David T. Wong; Frank P. Bymaster

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

The efficacy of isotope thermometry: examining in the S-matrix approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Isotope thermometry, widely used to measure the temperature of a hot nuclear system formed in energetic nuclear collisions, is examined in the light of S-matrix approach to the nuclear equation of state of disassembled nuclear matter. Scattering between produced light fragment pairs, hitherto neglected, is seen to have an important bearing on the extraction of system temperature and volume at freeze-out from isotope thermometry. Taking due care of the scattering effects and decay of the primary fragments, a more reliable way to extract the nuclear thermodynamic parameters is suggested by exploiting least-squares fit to the observed fragment multiplicities.

S. K. Samaddar; J. N. De

2009-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

444

The Efficacy of Radiation Therapy in the Treatment of Graves' Orbitopathy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To review our institutional outcomes of patients treated with radiation therapy (RT) for Graves' orbitopathy (GO), assess the role of orbital reirradiation, and identify prognostic factors of complete response (CR). Methods and Materials: This is a retrospective review of 211 patients who presented with a diagnosis of GO and received RT between January 2000-2010. RT dose was 20 Gy in 10 fractions. Patient median age was 51 years (range, 15-84 years), median follow-up was 11 months (range, 1-88 months). Patient symptoms included any combination of proptosis (90.9%), extraocular muscle dysfunction (78.9%), soft tissue signs (68.4%), and diplopia (58.4%). Corticosteroids were used as first-line therapy in 20.6% of patients. Among those who achieved either CR or partial response (PR), prognostic factors were evaluated. Results: Stabilization of disease without recurrence was clinically achieved overall in 202 patients (96.7%). At the completion of RT, 176 patients (84.2%) reported a symptomatic improvement of pretreatment symptoms. CR of GO symptoms was achieved using multiple treatment modalities, including RT by 93 patients (44.5%), of which 32 patients received RT only. Corticosteroids were discontinued in 97.8% of patients who received them as initial therapy. Surgical intervention following radiotherapy was required for 144 (68.9%) of all patients. Fourteen patients received orbital reirradiation for persistent or recurrent symptoms. Five of these achieved a CR, and the other nine achieved disease stabilization but retained persistent ocular symptoms. Long-term side effects of RT included dry eyes (12%). Of the prognostic factors we investigated, only gender predicted CR, which was less common in men (33.9%) than in women (49.7%) p = 0.0471. Conclusions: Orbital radiation for GO is an established treatment modality for patients. Orbital reirradiation is beneficial for patients who do not respond to initial RT or experience symptom recurrence without an apparent risk of increased morbidity.

Matthiesen, Chance, E-mail: chance-matthiesen@ouhsc.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Thompson, J. Spencer [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Thompson, David [Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Farris, Bradley; Wilkes, Byron [Dean A. McGee Eye Institute, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Ahmad, Salahuddin; Herman, Terence; Bogardus, Carl [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Efficacy of Ultraviolet Light and Antimicrobials to Reduce Listeria monocytogenes in Chill Brines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Chill brines used in ready-to-eat meat processing may be an important source of post-processing contamination by Listeria monocytogenes. The purpose of this study was to (more)

Parikh, Priti P.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

An Assessment of Field Method Efficacy to Monitor Wildlife Presence Near Interstate 70 at Vail Pass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

possible to SPR. At the midway point in each approach sitehad a camera station at the midway point. Two study sessions

Bonaker, Paige; Broberg, Len; Haas, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

The influence of parenting style and ethnicity on academic self-efficacy and academic performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the help and support provided by the TAMU Pediatric/Clinical Child Research Team that I was able to complete my research. My research project was also largely enabled by the funding provided Office of Honors Programs and Scholarships. I would like... Sciences (SPSS). Presented material to audiences of a wide knowledge base. Met weekly with faculty/graduate student research group Research Assistant Fall 2004 Advisor: Tobyn Kyte, M.S. (Charles Samuelson, Ph.D., Faculty Mentor) Studied how goals influence...

Chandler, Megan

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

448

Irreversible Electroporation Therapy in the Liver: Longitudinal Efficacy Studies in a Rat Model of Hepatocellular Carcinoma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...E is the activation energy, and R is the universal...application of thermal energy for upward of 8 to 20...validated model of in vivo electric field distribution in tissues for electrochemotherapy...electroporation for treatment planning. Technol Cancer Res...

Yang Guo; Yue Zhang; Rachel Klein; Grace M. Nijm; Alan V. Sahakian; Reed A. Omary; Guang-Yu Yang; and Andrew C. Larson

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

449

Vorinostat Downregulates CD30 and Decreases Brentuximab Vedotin Efficacy in Human Lymphocytes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1 (YY1) and shows genetic instability in anaplastic large cell lymphoma.J Pathol 2008;214:65-74. 19. Croager EJ , Gout AM, Abraham LJ.Involvement of Sp1 and microsatellite repressor sequences in the transcriptional control of the human CD30...

Zainul S. Hasanali; Elliot M. Epner; David J. Feith; Thomas P. Loughran, Jr; Clare E. Sample

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Safety and efficacy of NovaSil clay as a dietary supplement to prevent aflatoxicosis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

suggested that NSP binds AFB1 with high capacity, affinity, and specificity in aqueous solution and further indicated that NSP does not appear to interact with VA. Subsequent short-term studies in Sprague-Dawley (S-D) rats and broiler chicks indicated...

Afriyie-Gyawu, Evans

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

451

Brusatol enhances the efficacy of chemotherapy by inhibiting the Nrf2-mediated defense mechanism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Viability Assay, Colony Formation Assay, Apoptotic Cell Death, and Cell Cycle Analysis. Cell viability was measured by the xCEL-Ligence system(Roche), which monitors cell growth in response to treatment in real-time. Cells grow on top of electrodes...

Dongmei Ren; Nicole F. Villeneuve; Tao Jiang; Tongde Wu; Alexandria Lau; Henry A. Toppin; Donna D. Zhang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

A principal's sense of self-efficacy in an age of accountability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

then downloaded into an Xcel spreadsheet and transferred totransferring it into an Xcel Spreadsheet. Next, I purchasedwas also imported into an Xcel spreadsheet. Once the two

Santamara, Andrs Peter

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

On the efficacy of imploding plasma liners for magnetized fusion target compression  

SciTech Connect

A new theoretical model is formulated to study the idea of merging a spherical array of converging plasma jets to form a 'plasma liner' that further converges to compress a magnetized plasma target to fusion conditions [Y. C. F. Thio et al., 'Magnetized target fusion in a spheroidal geometry with standoff drivers', Current Trends in International Fusion Research II, edited by E. Panarella (National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 1999)]. For a spherically imploding plasma liner shell with high initial Mach number (M=liner speed/sound speed) the rise in liner density with decreasing radius r goes as {rho}{approx}1/r{sup 2}, for any constant adiabatic index {gamma}=d ln p/d ln {rho}. Accordingly, spherical convergence amplifies the ram pressure of the liner on target by the factor A{approx}C{sup 2}, indicating strong coupling to its radial convergence C=r{sub m}/R, where r{sub m}(R)=jet merging radius (compressed target radius), and A=compressed target pressure/initial liner ram pressure. Deuterium-tritium (DT) plasma liners with initial velocity {approx}100 km/s and {gamma}=5/3, need to be hypersonic M{approx}60 and thus cold in order to realize values of A{approx}10{sup 4} necessary for target ignition. For optically thick DT liners, T<2 eV, n>10{sup 19}-10{sup 20} cm{sup -3}, blackbody radiative cooling is appreciable and may counteract compressional heating during the later stages of the implosion. The fluid then behaves as if the adiabatic index were depressed below 5/3, which in turn means that the same amplification A=1.6x10{sup 4} can be accomplished with a reduced initial Mach number M{approx_equal}12.7({gamma}-0.3){sup 4.86}, valid in the range (10

Parks, P. B. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5688 (United States)

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

454

English language learners' reading self-efficacy and achievement using 1:1 mobile learning devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

devices support collaborative practice in speaking and listening?listening, reading, and writing English. Mobile technology devices

Walters, Jennifer L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

E-Print Network 3.0 - assess safety efficacy Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Long-Term Safety of Deep Brain Stimulation In the Treatment of Movement Disorders C. Kenney, MD, R. Simpson, MD, PhD, C. Hunter, RN, W. Ondo, MD, Summary: College of Medicine,...

456

Edinburgh Research Explorer Efficacious calculation of Raman spectra in high pressure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of sufficient size to perform neutron scattering at the required pressures, while the X-ray scattering cross

Millar, Andrew J.

457

The relationship among tumor architecture, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and efficacy of bortezomib in mouse xenograft models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...at 37C, 5% CO2 atmosphere, 97% relative humidity...done on a 7T (300 MHz) 210-mm horizontal...spectral width = 100 kHz. Each image took...similar area under the plasma concentration-time...relationship between plasma and tumor pharmacokinetics...tumor perfusion than plasma drug exposures...

Mark J. Williamson; Matthew D. Silva; Jennifer Terkelsen; Robbie Robertson; Li Yu; Cindy Xia; Panos Hatsis; Bret Bannerman; Trisha Babcock; Yueying Cao; and Erik Kupperman

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

The relationship among tumor architecture, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and efficacy of bortezomib in mouse xenograft models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cultured at 37C, 5% CO2 atmosphere, 97% relative humidity...was done on a 7T (300 MHz) 210-mm horizontal...spectral width = 100 kHz. Each image took 5...similar area under the plasma concentration-time...relationship between plasma and tumor pharmacokinetics...tumor perfusion than plasma drug exposures (57...

Mark J. Williamson; Matthew D. Silva; Jennifer Terkelsen; Robbie Robertson; Li Yu; Cindy Xia; Panos Hatsis; Bret Bannerman; Trisha Babcock; Yueying Cao; and Erik Kupperman

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

The Efficacy of SEER as a Seasonal Performance Measure for Different Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulation model based on TRNSYS. Building Simulation Details We selected TRNSYS as the simulation model for this analysis. The model is similar to a TRNSYS- based simulation tool developed evaluate advanced cooling and dehumidification options... (Henderson and Sand 2003). A major improvement to the simulation tool was that the building envelope is now modeled using TYPE56 in TRNSYS 16 (University of Wisconsin et al 2004) instead of the Type 19 transfer function method from TRNSYS 15. The new...

Henderson, H. I.; Sachs, H. M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Seamless Phase I-II Trial Design for Assessing Toxicity and Efficacy for Targeted Agents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...was expressed by the obtained AUC values in ROC statistics. The probability of invasive disease was calculated according to...of the resulting nomogram was quantified with ROC statistics. Statistical tests were done using MedCalc version...

Antje Hoering; Mike LeBlanc; and John Crowley

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Efficacy of short-term administration of altrenogest to postpone ovulation in mares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, would sufficiently suppress LH thereby delaying ovulation. The objective of this experiment was to elucidate the potential for oral administration of altrenogest (17-Allyl-17phydroxyestra-4,9,1 1-trien-3-one) to postpone ovulation of a preovulatory...

James, Aida Nioma

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

462

Assessment of the Efficacy of Blended Learning in an Introductory Pharmacy Class  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(2010). By using Blackboard to deliver lectures and have students work through tutorials to learn the material, class time was devoted to highly-focused problem solving. Due to unequal data distribution, the non-parametric tests Kruskal-Wallis and Mann...

Munson, Christina Elizabeth

2010-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

463

UniversityofFlorida/CollegeofPharmacySpring/Summer2004 Research Focus on Safety & Efficacy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in specific institutions · Enhancing patient safety · Mechanisms within the brain responsible for feeding of stroke, traumatic brain injury, depression and drug addiction · Effects of drugs on patient quality · Non-viral gene therapy for brain cancer · Pharmaco-epidemiologic methods to evaluate the effectiveness

Roy, Subrata

464

Targeting Hypoxia, HIF-1, and Tumor Glucose Metabolism to Improve Radiotherapy Efficacy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...high rate of glucose consumption and lactate generation...an increase in oxygen consumption, reflecting enhanced...through MCT1 and used as a fuel for mitochondrial oxidation...the vicinity of blood vessels (89). CAIX inhibition...pimonidazole; white, vessels; N, necrosis. Magnification...

Tineke W.H. Meijer; Johannes H.A.M. Kaanders; Paul N. Span; and Johan Bussink

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

465

Irreversible Electroporation Therapy in the Liver: Longitudinal Efficacy Studies in a Rat Model of Hepatocellular Carcinoma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of treatment response. Magnetic resonance...ablation|therapy response|MRI|pathological...where is the frequency factor, E is the activation energy, and R is the...returned to storage facilities for...according to Response Evaluation Criteria...

Yang Guo; Yue Zhang; Rachel Klein; Grace M. Nijm; Alan V. Sahakian; Reed A. Omary; Guang-Yu Yang; and Andrew C. Larson

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

466

Abstract 709: Efficacy of Salmonella typhimurium A1-R on experimental breast cancer brain metastasis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Salmonella typhimurium A1-R on experimental breast cancer brain metastasis Yong Zhang Shinji Miwa Nan Zhang Robert...Salmonella typhimurium A1-R (A1-R) on breast cancer brain metastases. High brain-metastatic variants of murine 4T1 breast cancer...

Yong Zhang; Shinji Miwa; Nan Zhang; Robert M. Hoffman; Ming Zhao

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

DOE Publishes Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE has published a report to help utilities and energy efficiency organizations forecast the order in which important SSL applications will become cost-effective and estimate when each tipping point will be reached. It includes performance

468

Genetic evidence that relative synaptic efficacy biases the outcome of synaptic competition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... -driven synapse elimination leads paradoxically to domination by inactive neurons. J. Neurosci. 19, 99759985 (1999)

Mario Buffelli; Robert W. Burgess; Guoping Feng; Corrinne G. Lobe; Jeff W. Lichtman; Joshua R. Sanes

2003-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

469

Irreversible Electroporation Therapy in the Liver: Longitudinal Efficacy Studies in a Rat Model of Hepatocellular Carcinoma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...FEM) software package (COMSOL Multi-Physics, version 3.3) to simulate the anticipated...dose threshold (23). Importantly, IRE does not suffer from the heat-sink effect...205-16. 33 World Health Organization. WHO handbook for reporting results of cancer treatment...

Yang Guo; Yue Zhang; Rachel Klein; Grace M. Nijm; Alan V. Sahakian; Reed A. Omary; Guang-Yu Yang; and Andrew C. Larson

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

470

Efficacy of a Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine in Children in Latin America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...We assigned the children in a 2:1 ratio to receive three doses of vaccine or placebo at 0, 6, and 12 months, using an interactive voice-response or Web-response system. Randomization was performed with the use of computer-generated permuted blocks of six, stratified according to study site and age group... Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease that is present in many parts of the world. From 2003 through 2013, the number of dengue cases that were reported to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) increased by a factor of five.13 The disease is caused by ...

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

471

Long-Term Safety and Efficacy of Factor IX Gene Therapy in Hemophilia B  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of a novel serotype 8 pseudotyped, self-complementary AAV (AAV8) vector expressing a codon-optimized factor IX transgene (scAAV2/8-LP1-hFIXco) and tested it in a phase 1 clinical trial in six patients with severe hemophilia B. Factor IX expression at 1 to 6% of the normal value was established in... In this long-term follow-up study, men with hemophilia B had steady production of functional factor IX after gene transfer with an adeno-associated viral vector. Patients had a marked reduction in bleeding episodes and factor IX replacement with minimal toxicity.

Nathwani A.C.; Reiss U.M.; Tuddenham E.G.D.

2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

472

Written emotional expression and health: efficacy of treatment implementation via mail  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies examining the impact of written emotional expression on health have demonstrated repeatedly that writing about emotional experiences produces positive health effects compared to writing about non-emotional topics. The present study...

Brown, Erin Leigh

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

473

Economic demand predicts addiction-like behavior and therapeutic efficacy of oxytocin in the rat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...continue to make rational price-dependent choices...Lilje TC Kassel JD de Wit H ( 2012 ) Quantifying reinforcement value and...consumption and maximal price paid . Psychopharmacology...Shaham Y Shalev U Lu L De Wit H Stewart J ( 2003 ) The reinstatement...duration, raising the price of cocaine (responses...

Brandon S. Bentzley; Thomas C. Jhou; Gary Aston-Jones

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) for liver metastasis: therapeutic efficacy in an experimental model  

SciTech Connect

Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) was proposed for untreatable colorectal liver metastases. The present study evaluates tumor control and potential radiotoxicity of BNCT in an experimental model of liver metastasis. BDIX rats were inoculated with syngeneic colon cancer cells DHD/K12/TRb. Tumor-bearing animals were divided into three groups: BPABNCT, boronophenylalanine (BPA) ? neutron irradiation; Beam only, neutron irradiation; Sham, matched manipulation. The total absorbed dose administered with BPABNCT was 13 3 Gy in tumor and 9 2 Gy in healthy liver. Three weeks posttreatment, the tumor surface area post-treatment/pre-treatment ratio was 0.46 0.20 for BPABNCT, 2.7 1.8 for Beam only and 4.5 3.1 for Sham. The pre-treatment tumor nodule mass of 48 19 mgfell significantly to 19 16 mg for BPABNCT, but rose significantly to 140 106 mg for Beam only and to 346 302 mg for Sham. For both end points, the differences between the BPABNCT group and each of the other groups were statistically significant (ANOVA). No clinical, macroscopic or histological normal liver radiotoxicity was observed. It is concluded that BPA BNCT induced a significant remission of experimental colorectal tumor nodules in liver with no contributory liver toxicity.

David W. Nigg

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Abstract 3578: New Angiochem-modified doxorubicin with increased brain penetration and efficacy against brain tumors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...method for evaluation of CP-868,596 penetration in glioblastoma murine models using a...events. To characterize CP-868,596 penetration in murine high grade glioma, we used...including retrodialysis and Zero-Flow Rate (ZFR) methods. The ZFR method estimated...

Michel Demeule; Anthony Rgina; Goagiang Yang; Christian Ch; Richard Bliveau; and Jean-Paul Castaigne

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

476

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing antimalarial efficacy Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

networks, such as the WorldWide antimalarial... and antimalarial resistance, and optimising treatments for pregnant women melioidosis - conducting clinical... treatments,...

477

The efficacy of marker-assisted-selection for grain mold resistance in sorghum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The trials were grown in Beaumont, Beeville, College Station, Corpus Christi, Victoria, Line Pedigree Year of Release Epicarp Color Plant Color Inbred Lines Sureo [(SC423*CS3541)*E35-1]-2 1993 W T RTx430 (Tx2536*SC170-6-5-1-E2)-10-4-4- 1.../19/02 41 Corpus Christi (Annex) 3/12/02 83.0 7/20/02 47 Corpus Christi (Station) 3/06/02 86.8 7/20/02 50 College Station (North) 3/28/02 81.1 8/17/02 61 College Station (South)* 4/05/02 - 8/25/02 - Victoria* 3/15/02 - 7/27/02 - Weslaco 2...

Franks, Cleve Douglas

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

478

Nodulation and Nitrogen Fixation Efficacy of Rhizobium fredii with Phaseolus vulgaris Genotypes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...plant nutrient solution (4), thinned to two plants per hill 10 days after planting, and grown in a greenhouse with supplemental lighting to extend the photo- period to 18 h (3). Day and night temperatures were main- tained at 25 + 5 C...

Michael J. Sadowsky; Perry B. Cregan; Harold H. Keyser

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Near-ground cooling efficacies of trees and high-albedo surfaces  

SciTech Connect

Daytime summer urban heat islands arise when the prevalence of dark-colored surfaces and lack of vegetation make a city warmer than neighboring countryside. Two frequently-proposed summer heat island mitigation measures are to plant trees and to increase the albedo (solar reflectivity) of ground surfaces. This dissertation examines the effects of these measures on the surface temperature of an object near the ground, and on solar heating of air near the ground. Near-ground objects include people, vehicles, and buildings. The variation of the surface temperature of a near-ground object with ground albedo indicates that a rise in ground albedo will cool a near-ground object only if the object`s albedo exceeds a critical value. This critical value of object albedo depends on wind speed, object geometry, and the height of the atmospheric thermal boundary layer. It ranges from 0.15 to 0.37 for a person. If an object has typical albedo of 0.3, increasing the ground albedo by.

Levinson, R.M. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Phytotoxicity and Efficacy of Cycocel (Chlormequat Chloride) for Growth Control of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Program to Address California Needs UC Davis Environmental Horticulture IR4 Center Department of Environmental Horticulture University of California One Shields Ave. Davis, CA 95616 http FORM 1. INVESTIGATOR (Name, Address, Phone#): Dr. Heiner Lieth Department of Environmental Horticulture

Lieth, J. Heinrich

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Abstract #1799: The anti-leukemic efficacy of bisphosphonate compounds: Prevention of radiation-induced leukemia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...TX Abstract B137: Cancer in population exposed...Mosavi-Jarrahi The Cancer Institute Research Center...and sizeable amount of depleted uranium was introduced into the...exposure in the incidence cancer. Methods: A cancer...

Alexandra Miller; Rafael Rivas; Michael Stewart; Robert Merlot; and Paul Lison

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

?-Conotoxin KIIIA Derivatives with Divergent Affinities versus Efficacies in Blocking Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Because of their facile chemical synthesis, KIIIA analogues that had as a core structure the disulfide-depleted KIIIA[C1A,C2U,C9A,C15U] (where U is selenocysteine) or ddKIIIA were used. ... Abbreviations: dap, diaminoproprionate; ddKIIIA, disulfide-depleted ?-conotoxin KIIIA, i.e., KIIIA[C1A,C2U,C9A,C5U], where U is selenocysteine; ddKIIIA[K7X], ddKIIIA with residue X in position 7; ddKIIIANaV, binary complex of ddKIIIA and NaV; ddKIIIA[K7X]NaV, binary complex of ddKIIIA[K7X] and NaV; ddKIIIA[K7X]TTXNaV, ternary complex of ddKIIIA[K7X], TTX, and NaV; GIIIA, ?-conotoxin GIIIA; INa, sodium current; KIIIA, ?-conotoxin KIIIA; KIIIA[K7A], ?-conotoxin KIIIA[K7A]; NaV, ?-subunit of the voltage-gated sodium channel; rINa, residual sodium current; TTX, tetrodotoxin; TTXNaV, binary complex of TTX and NaV; VGSC, voltage-gated sodium channel. ... The long moniker of ddKIIIA[K7X] is KIIIA[C1A,C2U,K7X,C9A,C15U], where residue X at position 7 was either Ala, Asp, Gly, Leu, Lys (i.e., ddKIIIA), Phe, Ser, Thr, Val, or diaminoproprionate (dap). ...

Min-Min Zhang; Tiffany S. Han; Baldomero M. Olivera; Grzegorz Bulaj; Doju Yoshikami

2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

483

Equalization of Synaptic Efficacy by Activity-and Timing-Dependent Synaptic Plasticity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

local synaptic strengths to compensate for global attenuation. I N T R O D U C T I O N The impact. 1981; Korn et al. 1993; Magee and Cook 2000; Smith et al. 2003; Stricker et al. 1996; Triller et al

Columbia University

484

Notes on the efficacy of wet versus dry screening of fly ash  

SciTech Connect

The methodology used to obtain fly ash subsamples of different sizes is generally based on wet or dry sieving methods. However, the worth of such methods is not certain if the methodology applied is not mentioned in the analytical procedure. After performing a fly ash mechanical dry, sieving, the authors compared those results with the ones obtained by laser diffraction on the same samples and found unacceptable discrepancies. A preliminary, study of a wet sieving analysis carried out on an economizer fly ash sample showed that this method was more effective than the dry sieving. The importance of standardizing the way samples are handled, pretreated and presented to the instrument of analysis are suggested and interlaboratory reproducibility trials are needed to create a common standard methodology to obtain large amounts of fly ash size fraction subsamples.

Valentim, B.; Hower, J.C.; Flores, D.; Guedes, A. [Center and Department of Geology, Oporto (Portugal)

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

485

Efficacy and tissue distribution of DHP107, an oral paclitaxel formulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...coadministration of the P-glycoprotein inhibitor KR30031. Pharm Res 2003...of novel P-glycoprotein inhibitors to increase the oral uptake...mucoadhesive properties of chitosan and some other natural polymers...concomitant use of P-glycoprotein inhibitors. Here, we evaluated the...

Jung Wan Hong; In-Hyun Lee; Young Hak Kwak; Young Taek Park; Ha Chin Sung; Ick Chan Kwon; and Hesson Chung

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Ozone (o3) efficacy on reduction of phytophthora capsici in recirculated horticultural irrigation water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effect. These inhibitors, also known as scavengers, can terminate the chain reaction and inhibit ozone decay and thus hydroxyl radical formation. Examples of scavengers include bicarbonate and carbonate, phosphates, humic or other organic acids... and chitin or chitosan, but lack chloroplasts (Cavalier- Smith, 1986, Tyler, 2001). Genomic analysis of RNA sequences show that fungi and oomycetes (Chromista) are phylogenetically distinct (Tyler, 2001). Species of Phytophthora belong to the phylum...

McDonald, Garry Vernon

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

487

Continuous Docetaxel Chemotherapy Improves Therapeutic Efficacy in Murine Models of Ovarian Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Piquette-Miller M. Biocompatibility of injectable chitosan-phospholipid implant systems. Biomaterials...Souza R, Piquette-Miller M, Allen C. Chitosan-phospholipid blend for sustained and...Cheung AT. Paclitaxel (taxol): an inhibitor of angiogenesis in a highly vascularized...

Raquel De Souza; Payam Zahedi; Eduardo H. Moriyama; Christine J. Allen; Brian C. Wilson; and Micheline Piquette-Miller

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

The efficacy of systematic, explicit literacy instruction in kindergarten and first grade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This investigation examined the extent to which teacher implemented systematic, explicit instruction affected the literacy achievement of kindergarten and first grade students. Two cohorts of students in a southwestern United States school district...

Dean, Emily Ocker

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

489

Contributions of Emotional Intelligence, Mentoring and Self-Efficacy to Academic Success and Addictions Treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methods were divided into ten sections, each of which had aFor each of the ten sections, I ran bivariate correlationsSection Eight Section Nine Section Ten N = 162 (Female n =

Bayne, Melissa L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Enhancing the Efficacy of Photodynamic Cancer Therapy by Radicals from Plant Auxin (Indole-3-Acetic Acid)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the major veins and arteries of the ear microcirculation were visualized using transillumination with a 520-nm light emitting diode, and an artery 40 mum in diameter was selected for data acquisition. Light from a HeNe laser was shaped into...

Lisa K. Folkes and Peter Wardman

2003-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

491

The efficacy of peer review in a university-level ESL writing class.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Currently, there is a great debate concerning whether peer review is an effective activity in the university-level English-as-a-Second-Language writing classroom. Peer review offers the unique (more)

Brathwaite, Sara Strickland

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

1 Evaluating Efficacy of an Environmental Policy to Prevent Biological 2 Invasions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Great Lakes Laboratory for Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 867 Lakeshore1. 8 § Fisheries and Oceans Canada/Transport Canada Marine Safety, 100 Front Street South, Sarnia, however, is a challenging task even for intensively regulated 44 industries for which decades of data

Leung, Brian

493

Evaluation and synthesis of methods for measuring system engineering efficacy with a project and organization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The need for robust systems engineering in product development has been understood by those developing product in the aerospace and defense industries since the days of the Atlas ballistic missile program. In recent times ...

Flynn, Timothy Daniel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Targeting Hypoxia, HIF-1, and Tumor Glucose Metabolism to Improve Radiotherapy Efficacy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cell carcinoma of the head and neck-a systematic review and meta-analysis.Radiother Oncol 2011;100:22-32. 7. Rademakers SE , Span PN, Kaanders JH, Sweep FC, van der Kogel AJ Bussink J.Molecular aspects of tumour hypoxia.Mol Oncol 2008...

Tineke W.H. Meijer; Johannes H.A.M. Kaanders; Paul N. Span; Johan Bussink

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

495

Cholesterol-tethered platinum II-based supramolecular nanoparticle increases antitumor efficacy and reduces nephrotoxicity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanoscale drug delivery vehicles have been harnessed extensively as carriers for cancer chemotherapeutics. However, traditional pharmaceutical approaches for nanoformulation have been a challenge with molecules that exhibit ...

Sengupta, Poulomi

496

Ex Vivo Comparison of Microbicide Efficacies for Preventing HIV-1 Genomic Integration in Intraepithelial Vaginal Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...microbicide development pipeline. They include more HIV-specific...tissues from vaginal-repair surgeries performed in...by-product of vaginal-repair surgeries (4, 29...microbicides in the development pipeline. We propose that this...R. Edwards. 2005. Repair of the anterior vaginal...

M. Juliana McElrath; Lamar Ballweber; Andrew Terker; Allison Kreger; Polachai Sakchalathorn; Barry Robinson; Michael Fialkow; Gretchen Lentz; Florian Hladik

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

497

Development of Best Practices for Shell Egg Disinfection Based upon Efficacy and Egg Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

quaternary ammonium compounds PAA peracetic acid s second SE Salmonella Enteritidis UEP United Egg Producers USDA United States Department of Agriculture UV ultraviolet vii TABLE OF CONTENTS... and hydrogen peroxide .................................................................. 17 Peracetic acid (PAA) ................................................................................................ 19 Consumer acceptance of eggs...

Al-Ajeeli, Morouj N

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

498

Influence of Agricultural Dual Credit on Student College Readiness Self-Efficacy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

should consider earning postsecondary degrees and credentials. The Completion Agenda states: This increased focus on college completion (not simply college access) is reflected in, for example, President Obama?s goal for the United States... should consider earning postsecondary degrees and credentials. The Completion Agenda states: This increased focus on college completion (not simply college access) is reflected in, for example, President Obama?s goal for the United States...

Neely, Alanna L.

2013-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

499

Hyperthermia Enhances Tumor Uptake and Antitumor Efficacy of Thermostable Liposomal Daunorubicin in a Rat Solid Tumor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands; and 4 Bioscience...cytokine concentrations. We applied multiple imputation to calculate...cytokine concentrations. We applied multiple imputation to calculate...

Chris van Bree; Johan J. Krooshoop; Ron C. Rietbroek; J. Bart A. Kipp; and Piet J. M. Bakker

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Enhancing the Efficacy of Photodynamic Cancer Therapy by Radicals from Plant Auxin (Indole-3-Acetic Acid)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...PDT, photodynamic therapy; MB, methylene blue; TB, toluidine blue; IAA, indole-3-acetic acid; LED, light-emitting diode; MOI, 3-methylene-2-oxindole; HPLC, high-performance liquid chromatography. Fig. 1. Pathways involved...

Lisa K. Folkes and Peter Wardman

2003-02-15T23:59:59.000Z