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1

Energy Basics: Incandescent Lighting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The three most common types of incandescent lamps are: Standard incandescent lamps Energy-Saving Incandescent (or Halogen) Reflector lamps Standard Incandescent Lamps Known as...

2

2X Incandescent Lamp Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The incandescent lamp was developed during the 1800s, largely reaching the design of the traditional incandescent lamp as we know it by the late 1800s.This lamp remained largely unchanged for years, providing most commercial and residential lighting demands into the 1950s and residential lighting into the 2000s. Asnew lighting technologies became available, the low efficacy, measured in lumens per watt, of the traditional incandescent lamp became an issue which many wanted to ...

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting August 16, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Incandescent lighting is the most common type of lighting used in homes. Incandescent lamps operate...

4

Incandescent Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics August 16, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Incandescent lamps operate simply by heating a metal filament inside a bulb filled with inert gas. Because they operate directly on variety of common power types including common household alternating current or direct current such as batteries or automobiles, they do not require a special power supply or ballast. They turn on up instantly, providing a warm light with excellent color rendition because the light is produced in much the same way as the light from the sun. They can also be easily dimmed using inexpensive controls and are available in a staggering variety of shapes and sizes. However, incandescent lamps have a low efficacy (10-17 lumens per watt) compared with other lighting options and a short average

5

Incandescent Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics August 16, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Incandescent lamps operate simply by heating a metal filament inside a bulb filled with inert gas. Because they operate directly on variety of common power types including common household alternating current or direct current such as batteries or automobiles, they do not require a special power supply or ballast. They turn on up instantly, providing a warm light with excellent color rendition because the light is produced in much the same way as the light from the sun. They can also be easily dimmed using inexpensive controls and are available in a staggering variety of shapes and sizes. However, incandescent lamps have a low efficacy (10-17 lumens per watt) compared with other lighting options and a short average

6

Photonically Engineered Incandescent Emitter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photonically engineered incandescence is disclosed. The emitter materials and photonic crystal structure can be chosen to modify or suppress thermal radiation above a cutoff wavelength, causing the emitter to selectively emit in the visible and near-infrared portions of the spectrum. An efficient incandescent lamp is enabled thereby. A method for fabricating a three-dimensional photonic crystal of a structural material, suitable for the incandescent emitter, is also disclosed.

Gee, James M. (Albuquerque, NM); Lin, Shawn-Yu (Albuquerque, NM); Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM); Moreno, James B. (Albuquerque, NM)

2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

7

Incandescent | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incandescent Incandescent Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

8

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting October 17, 2013 - 6:15pm Addthis Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lamps are often considered the least energy efficient type of electric lighting commonly found in residential buildings. Although inefficient, incandescent lamps possess a number of key advantages--they are inexpensive to buy, turn on instantly, are available in a huge array of sizes and shapes and provide a pleasant, warm light with excellent color rendition. However, because of their relative inefficiency and short life spans, they

9

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting October 17, 2013 - 6:15pm Addthis Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lamps are often considered the least energy efficient type of electric lighting commonly found in residential buildings. Although inefficient, incandescent lamps possess a number of key advantages--they are inexpensive to buy, turn on instantly, are available in a huge array of sizes and shapes and provide a pleasant, warm light with excellent color rendition. However, because of their relative inefficiency and short life spans, they

10

Sales of specialty incandescent bulbs decline despite ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... and light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs. Several manufacturers offer CFL three-way bulbs to replace incandescent three-way bulbs. LEDs, ...

11

How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescent...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents July 29, 2012 - 6:25pm Addthis...

12

Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fluorescent and Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on AddThis.com... About Standards & Test Procedures Implementation, Certification & Enforcement

13

A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent Lights A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent Lights July 21, 2009 - 5:18pm Addthis John Lippert Pretty soon, lighting is going to get a lot more efficient. New standards for incandescent reflector bulbs, general purpose fluorescent bulbs, and regular incandescent bulbs are going into effect beginning in approximately three years. You may be curious about how these standards will affect the most popular types of incandescent bulbs we've all used for so long: the common non-reflector 40-watt, 60-watt, 75-watt, and 100-watt bulbs. The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (also known as EISA) requires that these incandescent bulbs use 30% less energy than today's

14

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new

15

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new lightbulbs gives you the greatest energy savings, reliability, and

16

How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents July 29, 2012 - 6:25pm Addthis Energy-efficient light bulbs are available today and could save you about $50 per year in energy costs when you replace 15 traditional incandescent bulbs in your home. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available today and could save you about $50 per year in energy costs when you replace 15 traditional incandescent bulbs in your home. Compared to traditional incandescents, energy-efficient lightbulbs such as energy-saving incandescents, compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), and light emitting diodes (LEDs) have the following advantages: Typically use about 25%-80% less energy, saving you money

17

Luminous Efficacy Standards for General Purpose Lights | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

output) per watt (measure of power input). The efficacy of a typical incandescent light bulb ranges between 12 lmW and 18 lmW. The efficacy of a typical compact fluorescent...

18

EA-1911: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Lamps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA will evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to amend energy conservation standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Lamps.

19

Apparatus to facilitate lengthening the life of incandescent lamps  

SciTech Connect

An energizing circuit is described for an incandescent bulb comprising a transformer having a primary winding connectable to an AC mains source and first and second secondary windings for producing first and second voltages. The first secondary winding is connected to an input of a first full-wave rectifier means and the second secondary winding is connected to an input of a second full-wave rectifier means, the full-wave rectifier means having outputs connected in parallel across the bulb. The first voltage is sufficient to fully illuminate the bulb and the second voltage is sufficient to maintain the bulb warm but with little or no light output, a first switch being connected between the first secondary winding and the first rectifier means whereby, when the first switch is open, the bulb is energized solely by the second voltage.

Spissinger, F.H.

1987-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

20

Particulate measurement issues in diesel exhausts using laser induced incandescence  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A number of studies in the recent past have identified Laser Induced Incandescence (LII) as a versatile technique for in-flame measurement of soot concentrations. Recently, a number of researchers have focused their attention in adapting this technique to measure particulate in diesel exhausts. However the agreement with established physical sampling techniques, such as the EPA recommended filter paper collection method, was found to be less than ideal. This paper reports the efforts to adapt this technique for diesel exhaust characterization. Many of the factors affecting LII signal were identified through computer modeling. Parameters that could not be determined through such a model were determined experimentally following a parametric study. Subsequently, LII measurements were performed in the exhaust of a modified lab burner, with conditions close to that of diesel engine exhausts. Such measurements show excellent agreement with those performed using the standard filter paper collection technique.

Gupta, S. B.; Poola, R. B.; Sekar, R.

2000-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Whole Product Performance for 2X High-Efficiency Incandescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FirstEnergy (FE) approached EPRIs Lighting Lab in 2011 to validate the performance of a newly developed 2X incandescent lighting technology developed by a manufacturing company in their service territory. This manufacturer claimed that their product was identical in light output, but twice (2X) as efficient as traditional 100W incandescent bulbs. In collaboration with FE, EPRI conducted a series of tests to independently verify the energy and photometric performance of this ...

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

22

How to upgrade your incandescent light bulbs Many people are choosing replacements for their standard incandescent light bulbs to save money or energy, because they've heard of new LED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How to upgrade your incandescent light bulbs Many people are choosing replacements for their standard incandescent light bulbs to save money or energy, because they've heard of new LED options for replacement light bulbs, you probably noticed that you have many options and the alternative bulbs are more

Bystroff, Chris

23

L-Prize Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interagency Technology Deployment Working Group L Prize ® Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update James E. Rannels, Senior Advisor L Prize Competition D&R International March 15, 2012 Cost of electricity 1 cent per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 8, 2012 Page One 2 Cost of electricity 11 cents per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 9, 2012 Page Two 3 What Is the L Prize? * Technology competition to spur innovation and exceptional performance * Created by Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA 2007) Sec. 655 * Two key lamp replacements: 60W Incandescent and PAR 38 Halogen * Future focus: 21 st Century Lamp * Cash prizes, federal purchasing, utility programs 4 Philips Wins First L Prize * August 3, 2011: Philips

24

L-Prize Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interagency Technology Deployment Working Group L Prize ® Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update James E. Rannels, Senior Advisor L Prize Competition D&R International March 15, 2012 Cost of electricity 1 cent per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 8, 2012 Page One 2 Cost of electricity 11 cents per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 9, 2012 Page Two 3 What Is the L Prize? * Technology competition to spur innovation and exceptional performance * Created by Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA 2007) Sec. 655 * Two key lamp replacements: 60W Incandescent and PAR 38 Halogen * Future focus: 21 st Century Lamp * Cash prizes, federal purchasing, utility programs 4 Philips Wins First L Prize * August 3, 2011: Philips

25

Energy Savings and NOx Emissions Reduction Potential from the 2012 Federal Legislation to Phase Out Incandescent Lamps in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report provides detailed information about the potential savings from the 2012 Federal Legislation to phase out incandescent lamps and the NOx emissions reduction from the replacement of incandescent bulbs with Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFL). In Texas, this analysis includes the savings estimates from both the annual and Ozone Season Day (OSD) NOx reductions. The NOx emissions reduction in this analysis are calculated using estimated emissions factors for 2007 from the US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) eGRID database, which had been specially prepared for this purpose.

Liu, Zi; Baltazar, Juan Carlos; Haberl, Jeff; Soman, Rohit

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Quantitative laser-induced incandescence measurements of soot in turbulent pool fires.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Laser-induced incandescence measurements have recently been obtained from 10% and 30% toluene in methanol blended fuel pool fires of 2-m diameter. Calibration of the instrument was performed using an ethylene/air laminar diffusion flame produced by a Santoro-type burner which allowed the extraction of absolute soot-volume-fractions from these images. Performance of the optical probe was characterized using the laminar diffusion flame and corrections were implemented for signal dependence upon detector gain, flat field, and location within the probe laser sheet when processing the images. Probability density functions of the soot-volume fraction were constructed for the blended fuels used in this study and the mean values were determined to be 0.0077 and 0.028 ppm for the 10% and 30% blended fuels, respectively. Signal trapping was estimated for the two types of blended fuel and it was determined to be negligible for the 10% toluene/methanol blend and require {approx}10% correction for the 30% toluene/methanol blend.

Frederickson, Kraig; Grasser, Thomas W.; Kearney, Sean Patrick

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Soot temperature measurements and implications for time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TIRE-LII)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emission spectroscopy has been used to determine soot particle temperatures in an ethene diffusion flame both under normal combustion conditions and also after irradiation with an intense laser pulse. On the basis of these measurements, a check on the models and an improvement of parameters underlying time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TIRE-LII) was performed. With this technique a two-dimensionally resolved measurement of soot primary particle sizes is feasible in a combustion process from the ratio of emission signals obtained at two delay times after a laser pulse, as the cooling behavior is characteristic of particle size. For accurate measurements, local gas temperatures must be known, which can be derived from the temperatures of the soot particles themselves. These have been measured by fitting full Planck curves to line-of-sight emission spectra after an inversion algorithm. The temperature and heat of vaporization of soot, which govern the energy and mass loss at high temperatures, were obtained by measurements of maximum particle temperature for various laser irradiances and a fit procedure to the theoretical dependence. Finally, the temperature decay of laser-heated soot was measured with high temporal resolution. Comparisons with model predictions show that soot temperatures are roughly 300 K higher than expected after the onset of vaporization, which indicates deficiencies in the present models of vaporization. It is demonstrated that the TIRE-LII performance is essentially unaffected by these shortcomings if LII signals are detected in a period where conductive heat transfer dominates and an appropriate correction is performed.

Schraml, S.; Dankers, S.; Bader, K.; Will, S.; Leipertz, A.

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

DOE/EA-1664: Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps (June 2009)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps June 2009 16-i CHAPTER 16. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS 16.1 INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................... 16-1 16.2 AIR EMISSIONS ANALYSIS...................................................................................... 16-1 16.2.1 Air Emissions Descriptions............................................................................................ 16-1 16.2.2 Air Quality Regulation................................................................................................... 16-3 16.2.3 Global Climate Change..................................................................................................

29

Soot particle sizing during high-pressure Diesel spray combustion via time-resolved laser-induced incandescence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Single-pulse time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TiRe-LII) signal transients from soot particulates were acquired during unsteady high pressure Diesel combustion in a constant volume cell for typical top dead center conditions during a Diesel engine cycle. Measurements were performed for initial gas pressures between 1 and 3 MPa, injection pressures between 50 and 130 MPa and laser probe timings between 5 and 16 ms after start of fuel injection. In separate experiments and for the same cell operating conditions gas temperatures were deduced from spectrally resolved soot pyrometry measurements. Implementing the LII model of Kock et al. [Combust. Flame 147 (2006) 79-92] ensemble mean soot particle diameters were evaluated from least-squares fitting of theoretical cooling curves to experimental TiRe-LII signal transients. Since in the experiments the environmental gas temperature and the width of an assumed particle size distribution were not known, the effects of the initial choice of these parameters on retrieved particle diameters were investigated. It is shown that evaluated mean particle diameters are only slightly biased by the choice of typical size distribution widths and gas temperatures. For a fixed combustion phase mean particle diameters are not much affected by gas pressure, however they become smaller at high fuel injection pressure. At a mean chamber pressure of 1.39 MPa evaluated mean particle diameters increased by a factor of two for probe delays between 5 and 16 ms after start of injection irrespective of the choices of first-guess fitting variables, indicating a certain robustness of data analysis procedure. (author)

Ryser, R.; Gerber, T.; Dreier, T. [Reaction Analysis Group, Department of General Energy, Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

30

Soot particle sizing during high-pressure Diesel spray combustion via time-resolved laser-induced incandescence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Single-pulse time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TiRe-LII) signal transients from soot particulates were acquired during unsteady high pressure Diesel combustion in a constant volume cell for typical top dead center conditions during a Diesel engine cycle. Measurements were performed for initial gas pressures between 1 and 3 MPa, injection pressures between 50 and 130 MPa and laser probe timings between 5 and 16 ms after start of fuel injection. In separate experiments and for the same cell operating conditions gas temperatures were deduced from spectrally resolved soot pyrometry measurements. Implementing the LII model of Kock et al. [Combust. Flame 147 (20006) 79-92] ensemble mean soot particle diameters were evaluated from least-squares fitting of theoretical cooling curves to experimental TiRe-LII signal transients. Since in the experiments the environmental gas temperature and the width of an assumed particle size distribution were not known, the effects of the initial choice of these parameters on retrieved particle diameters were investigated. It is shown that evaluated mean particle diameters are only slightly biased by the choice of typical size distribution widths and gas temperatures. For a fixed combustion phase mean particle diameters are not much affected by gas pressure, however they become smaller at high fuel injection pressure. At a mean chamber pressure of 1.39 MPa evaluated mean particle diameters increased by a factor of two for probe delays between 5 and 16 ms after start of injection irrespective of the choices of first-guess fitting variables, indicating a certain robustness of data analysis procedure. (author)

Ryser, R.; Gerber, T.; Dreier, T. [Reaction Analysis Group, Department of General Energy, Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen (Switzerland)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

31

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

incandescent bulbs. High-performance incandescent, compact fluorescent, and light-emitting diode (LED) lamps continue to replace low-efficacy incandescent lamps. In 2035,...

32

Laser-induced incandescence and elastic-scattering measurements of particulate-matter volume fraction changes during passage through a dilution tunnel  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Modern diesel engines produce far less mass of particulate matter than their predecessors, but this advance has been achieved at the expense of a significant increase in the number of sub-micron sized particles. This change in soot morphology has created the need for new instrumentation capable of measuring small volumes and sizes of particulate matter in a reasonable period of time, and preferably in real-time. Laser-induced incandescence and laser elastic scattering are complementary techniques suitable for this task. Optical measurements are presented for a diesel engine exhaust and compared with measurements performed using a scanning mobility particle sizer. This study investigates the effects of exhaust dilution and temperature control of the sampling system. It is also shown that laser-induced vaporization of low temperature volatile material is a potentially valuable technique for measuring the volatile component of exhaust particulate matter.

Robert M. Green; Peter O. Witze

2000-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

33

,,,"Incandescent","Standard Fluorescent","Compact Fluorescent","High-Intensity Discharge","Halogen"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

B39. Lighting Equipment, Floorspace, 1999" B39. Lighting Equipment, Floorspace, 1999" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","All Lit Buildings","Lighting Equipment (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Incandescent","Standard Fluorescent","Compact Fluorescent","High-Intensity Discharge","Halogen" "All Buildings ................",67338,64321,38156,60344,20666,19223,17926 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6774,5859,2946,5154,738,245,600 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",8238,7464,4047,6722,1108,663,991 "10,001 to 25,000 .............",11153,10393,6055,9815,1759,1701,1996 "25,001 to 50,000 .............",9311,9053,5004,8344,2296,2224,1611

34

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

or pear-shaped A-19 lamps Energy-saving or halogen A-19 lamps Reflector or parabolic reflector (PAR) lamps, sometimes called "flood" or "spot" lamps Standard...

35

Prioritizing Climate Change Mitigation Alternatives: Comparing Transportation Technologies to Options in Other Sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficiency, or luminous efficacy, of the technologies are incandescent, 10-20 lumens per watt (lum/W); CFL,

Lutsey, Nicholas P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

,,,"Incandescent","Standard Fluorescent","Compact Fluorescent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Consumption Survey." " Energy Information Administration 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey: Building Characteristics Tables 1" "RSEs for Table B38....

37

Sales of specialty incandescent bulbs decline despite ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; ... like three-way bulbs and appliance bulbs, are exempted from congressionally-legislated energy efficiency standards.

38

Sales of specialty incandescent bulbs decline despite ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Biofuels: Ethanol & Biodiesel ... This effect points to broader lighting market transformation beyond the target of the original legislation, ...

39

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

as ellipsoidal reflectors (type-ER) in recessed fixtures. Use reflector (R)or parabolic reflector (PAR) CFLs for flood and spotlighting. Some CFL fixtures have built-in...

40

Maximum Spectral Luminous Efficacy of White Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As lighting efficiency improves, it is useful to understand the theoretical limits to luminous efficacy for light that we perceive as white. Independent of the efficiency with which photons are generated, there exists a spectrally-imposed limit to the luminous efficacy of any source of photons. We find that, depending on the acceptable bandpass and---to a lesser extent---the color temperature of the light, the ideal white light source achieves a spectral luminous efficacy of 250--370 lm/W. This is consistent with previous calculations, but here we explore the maximum luminous efficacy as a function of photopic sensitivity threshold, color temperature, and color rendering index; deriving peak performance as a function of all three parameters. We also present example experimental spectra from a variety of light sources, quantifying the intrinsic efficacy of their spectral distributions.

Murphy, T W

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Energy Basics: Fluorescent Lighting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Cooling Water Heating Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent lamps use 25%-35% of the energy used by incandescent lamps to provide the same amount of illumination (efficacy of...

42

COST EFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGY BUTTONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

certain whether the electrical power is off or on, he may beof light. The electrical input (power, voltage and current)

Verderber, Rudy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

L Prize Competition Winner: 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prize Partners 14 15 Field Assessments: Retail Platte River Power Authority DTE Energy SMUD 16 Additional Opportunities: GATEWAY Demonstrations of LED Outdoor Lighting Reports...

44

A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

out" of less-efficient bulbs will begin with 100 watt bulbs in 2012; lesser wattage light bulbs will then be gradually removed from distribution, ending with noncompliant 40...

45

COST EFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGY BUTTONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

placed into light bulb sockets (Edison sockets) and the lampbe inserted into the same Edison type socket that is usedto injury. In addition, Edison sockets that are hori~

Verderber, Rudy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

COST EFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGY BUTTONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

button, a 100 watt (130 volt) lamp, a 100 watt long lifeFluorescent Watt L I ltage (volts) cu ge ic in s) ative ( 1the diode energy button (83 volts) was obtained by dividing

Verderber, Rudy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

DOE Requires Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

90PAR38130 Addthis Related Articles DOE Requires Westinghouse to Cease Sales of Two Light Bulb Models and Allows Sale of Another Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart...

48

Underwater Lighting by Submerged Lasers and Incandescent Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cell having a plane window to That attachment was necessaryfor attachment to the measurement window by means of the

Duntley, Seibert Q

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Underwater Lighting by Submerged Lasers and Incandescent Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Techniques for long- range underwater photography usingon Resolving Power in Underwater Photography," J. Opt. Soc.A. R. , Tyler, J. E. , "Underwater Photometer," J. Opt. Soc.

Duntley, Seibert Q

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Teacher Efficacy Beliefs:Understanding the Relationship Between Efficacy and Achievement in Urban Elementary Schools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Chicago Press. McLaughlin, M. W. , & Marsh, D.efficacy construct, McLaughlin and Marsh (1978), researchersinfluence student learning (McLaughlin & Marsh, 1978) (see

Harris, Margaret

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

A soft circuit curriculum to promote technological self-efficacy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The development of technological self-efficacy in young people can have a dramatic impact on diversity in the field of computing. Students'self-efficacy and scientific understanding can benefit from engaging in hands-on ...

Lovell, Emily Marie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pollution Impact on Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE

53

When Crime Pays: Measuring Judicial Efficacy against Corruption in Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for now - crime pays in Brazil. Paginal5de27 ReferencesEfficacy against Corruption in Brazil Carlos Higino Ribeiroa widespread perception in Brazil that civil servants caught

Ribeiro de Alencar, Carlos Higino; Gico, Ivo Jr.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emerging Technologies » Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Emerging Technologies » Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project The Department of Energy (DOE) is currently determining how pollution impacts the efficacy of cool roofs. The project specifically is focusing on the efficacy of white roofs in Northern India. The first phase of the project will take physical measurements to characterize the cooling and climate effects of white roofs. Results from this project will provide important guidance to policymakers and planners as they decide where cool roofs would have the greatest benefits. Project Description The project involves the development of advanced surfaces and next-generation materials to improve solar reflectance of roofs; the ability to reflect the visible, infrared and ultraviolet wavelengths of the

55

Modeling a Sensor to Improve its Efficacy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robots rely on sensors to provide them with information about their surroundings. However, high-quality sensors can be extremely expensive and cost-prohibitive. Thus many robotic systems must make due with lower-quality sensors. Here we demonstrate via a case study how modeling a sensor can improve its efficacy when employed within a Bayesian inferential framework. As a test bed we employ a robotic arm that is designed to autonomously take its own measurements using an inexpensive LEGO light sensor to estimate the position and radius of a white circle on a black field. The light sensor integrates the light arriving from a spatially distributed region within its field of view weighted by its Spatial Sensitivity Function (SSF). We demonstrate that by incorporating an accurate model of the light sensor SSF into the likelihood function of a Bayesian inference engine, an autonomous system can make improved inferences about its surroundings. The method presented here is data-based, fairly general, and made with plu...

Malakar, N K; Knuth, K H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

High-Intensity Discharge Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

High-intensity discharge (HID) lighting provides the highest efficacy and longest service life of any lighting type. It can save 75%-90% of lighting energy when it replaces incandescent lighting.

57

Energy Basics: Fluorescent Lighting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent lamps use 25%-35% of the energy used by incandescent lamps to provide the same amount of illumination (efficacy of 30-110 lumens per watt). They...

58

Energy-efficient compact screw-in fluorescent lamp. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A compact fluorescent lamp has been designed and constructed which can replace an incandescent lamp. The lamp is slightly larger than a standard lamp (8 3/4 in. x 3 1/4 in.), but is designed to fit a majority of portable lamp applications. This version, with a core-coil ballast, results in a system efficacy of 54 lumens per watt, with a light output of more than 1800 lumens. This compares favorably with a 100-watt incandescent (17.5 lumens per watt and 1750 lumens light output). The color temperature of 3000/sup 0/K is compatible with an incandescent lamp (2800/sup 0/K). The color rendition index (CRI) is 84. With a solid-state ballast, the efficacy and light output could be increased by 20% (65 l/w, 2200 lumens) and could provide a direct replacement for a three-way, 150-watt incandescent lamp (15 l/w, 2200 lumens).

Morton, E.W.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

An Analysis of the Efficacy of US Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Policy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper provides an analysis of the efficacy of United States (US) greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction policy implemented in the mid-1990s, specifically targeting the (more)

Meyer, Russell

60

The Efficacy of Foundations & Frameworks on Elementary Students' Reading Achievement in Urban Christian Schools.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study was designed to assess the efficacy of Foundations & Frameworks (F&F), an instructional program emphasizing reading comprehension, on fourth and fifth grade students' (more)

Blackmon, Cheryl McClure

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Personal science teaching efficacy and the beliefs and practices of elementary teachers related to science instruction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and women in mathematics, science, and technology careers.Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 45(9), 1036-1058.development of an elementary science teaching efficacy

Lardy, Corinne H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

The Role of Self-Efficacy in Stock-Market Participation and Financial Information-Seeking .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study of self-efficacy's (Bandura, 1977) effects on an individual's likelihood to invest in the stock market and seek financial information attempts to uncover some (more)

[No author

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Incandescent bulbs still play a role in the future of lighting ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) mandates longer lasting, more efficient light bulbs for general service. Detailed results from ...

64

DOE Requires Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent Reflector Lamps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE has issued Notices of Non-Compliance Determination to Westinghouse Lighting Corporation and Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Company requiring that they halt the sale of 8 basic...

65

Development of High Efficacy, Low Cost Phosphorescent Oled Lightning Luminaire  

SciTech Connect

In this two year program, UDC together with Armstrong World Industries, Professor Stephen Forrest (University of Michigan) and Professor Mark Thompson (University of Southern California) planned to develop and deliver high efficiency OLED lighting luminaires as part of an integrated ceiling illumination system that exceed the Department of Energy (DOE) 2010 performance projections. Specifically the UDC team in 2010 delivered two prototype OLED ceiling illumination systems, each consisting of four individual OLED lighting panels on glass integrated into Armstrong's novel TechZone open architecture ceiling systems, at an overall system efficacy of 51 lm/W, a CRI = 85 and a projected lifetime to 70% of initial luminance to exceed 10,000 hours. This accomplishment represents a 50% increase in luminaire efficacy and a factor of two in lifetime over that outlined in the solicitation. In addition, the team has also delivered one 15cm x 15cm lighting panel fabricated on a flexible metal foil substrate, demonstrating the possibility using OLEDs in a range of form factors. During this program, our Team has pursued the commercialization of these OLED based ceiling luminaires, with a goal to launch commercial products within the next three years. We have proven that our team is ideally suited to develop these highly novel and efficient solid state lighting luminaires, having both the technical experience and commercial strategy to leverage work performed under this contract. Our calculations show that the success of our program could lead to energy savings of more than 0.5 quads or 8 MMTC (million metric tons of carbon) per year by 2016.

Michael Hack

2010-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

66

Organizational Culture and Employees' Computer Self-Efficacy: An Empirical Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

IT-based business initiatives, such as ERP and BPR, require high computer self-efficacy among employees because these changes require a large-scale use of computers. Computer self-efficacy is affected by many internal and external factors, for instance, ...

YiHua P. Sheng; Michael Pearson; Leon Crosby

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

An Investigation of the Effect of After-Action Reviews on Teams' Performance-Efficacy Relationships  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance and efficacy are reciprocally causal; however, the effect of performance on subsequent perceptions of efficacy has received little attention, especially in the context of team training. In addition, the moderating effect of feedback accuracy on the relationship between team performance and team-efficacy is largely unexplored. As such, the objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between team performance and team-efficacy in the context of after-action reviews (AARs). Specifically, this study examined the conjoint influence of (a) the accuracy of performance feedback available to trainees during AARs, and (b) time on the predictive validity of team performance on team-efficacy. Data were obtained from 492 undergraduate students assigned to 123 teams in a 5 hr team training protocol using a 3 (training condition: non-AAR, versus subjective AAR, versus objective AAR) x 3 (sessions) repeated measures design. Contrary to the first set of hypotheses, the positive relationship between performance and efficacy was strongest for teams trained without AARs and weakest for teams trained using subjective AARs. Although team-efficacy was predicted more strongly by more proximal team performance than by more distal team performance, this pattern of results was found only for teams trained either without AARs or with objective AARs. The predictive validity of performance on efficacy decreased as performance episodes became more proximal among teams trained using subjective AARs. Finally, within-team agreement of team-efficacy ratings decreased over time for teams that engaged in AARs and remained constant over time for teams that did not engage in AARs. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed. It is anticipated that this research will provide insight into the roles of feedback accuracy and time in the performance-efficacy relationship and provide guidance to researchers and practitioners in effectively integrating AAR design characteristics into team training environments.

Schurig, Ira

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Trans Fats in FoodChapter 3 Safety and Efficacy of CLA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trans Fats in Food Chapter 3 Safety and Efficacy of CLA Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadable pdf of Chapt

69

Predictors Of Java Programming Self Efficacy Among Engineering Students In A Nigerian University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study examined the relationship between Java programming self-efficacy and programming background of engineering students in a Nigerian University. One hundred and ninety two final year engineering students randomly selected from six engineering departments of the university participated in the study. Two research instruments: Programming Background Questionnaire and Java Programming Self-Efficacy Scale were used in collecting relevant information from the subjects. The resulting data were analyzed using Pearson product correlation and Multiple regression analysis. Findings revealed that Java Programming self-efficacy has no significant relationship with each of the computing and programming background factors. It was additionally obtained that the number of programming courses offered and programming courses weighed scores were the only predictors of Java self-efficacy.

Jegede, Philip Olu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.6 Efficiency Standards for Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 4 Lighting Standards for General Service Incandescent Lamps Prescribed by EISA 2007 General Service Incandescent Effective Date Maximum Wattage Rated Lumen Range Minimum Life Modified Spectrum General Service Incandescent Effective Date Maximum Wattage Rated Lumen Range Minimum Life By 2020, the minimum efficacy for general service incandescent will be 45 lm/W unless the Secretary of Energy has implemented another standard which saves as much or more energy than a 45 lm/W standard. Source(s): U. S. Government, Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, January 2007, Section 321. 2014 43 563-787 1000 hrs. 2015 29 232-563 1000 hrs. 2012 72 1,118-1,950 1000 hrs. 2013 53 788-1,117 1000 hrs. 2014 43 750-1,049 1000 hrs. 2015 29 310-749 1000 hrs. 2012 72 1,490-2,600 1000 hrs. 2013 53 1,050-1,498

71

Wednesday, January 30, 2013, 1:15 pm EDT (1 hour talk followed by 30 minute of networking refreshments will be served)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and projected bulb efficacies of existing white light sources with white LEDs . LEDs have the potential distinct markets for the LEDs: the low efficacy market, characterized by the incandescent and halogen bulbs.157 0.186 LED 2020 (high invest) Any 160 13 100,000 0.013 0.044 0.057 Fluorescent bulbs are currently

Salama, Khaled

72

An investigation of the effect of spacing of practice on the performance-efficacy relationship  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of the current study was to investigate the relationship between training performance and selfefficacy using a longitudinal design (approximately 11 weeks) in the context of massed and distributed practice. Limited attention in the training performance and efficacy literature has been paid to the spacing of practice (massed and distributed). However, it is conceivable that both the spacing of practice as well as the time frames over which it operates could influence the performance and efficacy relationship. Based on the practice schedule (massed versus distributed) and longitudinal study design, it was posited that the nature of the performance and efficacy relationship is likely to be quite different during two phases of learning (acquisition and reacquisition). Data were obtained from 198 undergraduate students over an 11week training protocol using a 2 (distributed versus massed acquisition) 2 (distributed versus massed reacquisition) 16 (session) mixed design. Contrary to the first set of hypotheses, results indicated that the performance and efficacy relationship did not vary as a function of practice protocols (massed versus distributed) during acquisition and reacquisition. Also, no support was found for the hypothesis that the performance and efficacy relationship will vary as a function of whether the practice condition during acquisition is the same or different from the practice condition during reacquisition such that the relationships will be stronger when the practice condition is the same as opposed to when it is different. However, support was found for the hypothesis that when past performance is controlled the unique contribution of selfefficacy to subsequent task performance will be attenuated. Implications of these findings for research on the performance and efficacy relationship and training practice are discussed.

Bhupatkar, Alok Ashutosh

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

BMC Family Practice BioMed Central Study protocol The Leeds Evaluation of Efficacy of Detoxification Study (LEEDS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

project: An open-label pragmatic randomised control trial comparing the efficacy of differing therapeutic agents for primary care detoxification from either street heroin or methadone [ISRCTN07752728

Nicola S Oldham; Nat Mj Wright; Clive E Adams; Laura Sheard

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Communication efficacy of South African arts festivals : the case of Klein Karoo National Arts Festival / J.A. Kriel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The primary objective of this study was to determine the communication efficacy at arts festivals with specific reference to the Klein Karoo Nasionale Kunstefees (KKNK). (more)

Kriel, Jaun Antonie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Influence of Agricultural Dual Credit on Student College Readiness Self-Efficacy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this correlational and descriptive study was to examine the influence of an agricultural dual credit course curriculum on student self-efficacy of college readiness as students matriculate to post-secondary education. To evaluate the personal characteristics, postsecondary plans, program perceptions and college readiness self-efficacy, a quantitative survey and online instrument was used to gather data and analyze information on high school students enrolled in agricultural education in both dual credit and non-dual credit courses primarily in the Middle Tennessee Region. The target population (N = 543) for this study was defined as students at 16 schools where the dual credit course was offered with the Middle Tennessee State University, School of Agribusiness and Agriscience in the 2011-2012 academic year. A total of 245 students from 16 secondary agricultural programs in seven different school districts across Tennessee, primarily in the Middle Tennessee region, participated in the study for a response rate of approximately 45%. This study examined college readiness of student participation in an agricultural dual credit course and sought to determine the relationship between student participation in a dual credit course offering and college readiness self-efficacy as well as student perceptions of the course offering. Course self-efficacy was higher among dual credit participants versus non-dual credit participants. Social self-efficacy was also higher for dual credit participants. Females had higher Course self-efficacy, and there was a positive relationship between GPA and each construct of the college readiness self-efficacy inventory. Participant perceptions of the agricultural dual credit program were also high. This study indicates that dual credit participants can confidently approach post-secondary options, and that they are more likely to be successful in college due to level of self-efficacy as they matriculate into college. Recommendations from the study include: Using the MTSU dual credit model in future dual credit course developments and collaborations; using findings as a basis for training future agricultural education teachers on how to improve CRSE; and additional and longitudinal studies to track dual credit students success in college.

Neely, Alanna L.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Polymeric Nanoparticles Containing Taxanes Enhance Chemoradiotherapeutic Efficacy in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To reduce the side effects and improve the efficacy of chemoradiation therapy, taxanes were incorporated into polymeric nanoparticles (PNP), and their synergic effect on radiation therapy in non-small cell lung cancer was evaluated. Methods and Materials: The properties of PNP-taxanes were characterized by transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering. The chemoradiotherapeutic efficacy of PNP-taxanes was determined by clonogenic assay, cellular morphology, and flow cytometry in A549 cells. In mice bearing A549-derived tumors, the tumor growth delay was examined after the treatment of PNP-taxanes and/or ionizing radiation (IR). Results: The PNP-taxanes were found to be approximately 45 nm in average diameter and to have high solubility in water. They showed the properties of active internalization into cells and preserved the anticancer effect of free taxanes. The survival fraction of A549 cells by clonogenic assay was significantly reduced in the group receiving combined treatment of PNP-taxanes and IR. In addition, in vivo radiotherapeutic efficacy was markedly enhanced by the intravenous injection of PNP-taxanes into the xenograft mice. Conclusions: We have demonstrated the feasibility of PNP-taxanes to enhance the efficacy of chemoradiation therapy. These results suggest PNP-taxanes can hold an invaluable and promising position in treating human cancers as a novel and effective chemoradiation therapy agent.

Jung, Joohee [Institute for Innovative Cancer Research, ASAN Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of) [Institute for Innovative Cancer Research, ASAN Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); College of Pharmacy, Duksung Women's University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, Sung-Jin [Institute for Innovative Cancer Research, ASAN Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of) [Institute for Innovative Cancer Research, ASAN Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Laboratory of Bioimaging Probe Development, Singapore Bioimaging Consortium (Singapore); Chung, Hye Kyung [Center for Development and Commercialization of Anti-cancer Therapeutics, ASAN Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] [Center for Development and Commercialization of Anti-cancer Therapeutics, ASAN Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Hye-Won; Lee, Sa-Won; Seo, Min Hyo [Department of Parenteral Delivery Program, Samyang Pharmaceuticals R and D, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Parenteral Delivery Program, Samyang Pharmaceuticals R and D, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Park, Heon Joo [Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Inha University, Inchon (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Inha University, Inchon (Korea, Republic of); Song, Si Yeol [Institute for Innovative Cancer Research, ASAN Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of) [Institute for Innovative Cancer Research, ASAN Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Department of Radiation Oncology, ASAN Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Jeong, Seong-Yun, E-mail: syj@amc.seoul.kr [Institute for Innovative Cancer Research, ASAN Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] [Institute for Innovative Cancer Research, ASAN Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Eun Kyung, E-mail: ekchoi@amc.seoul.kr [Institute for Innovative Cancer Research, ASAN Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Department of Radiation Oncology, ASAN Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); College of Pharmacy, Duksung Women's University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

On the increase of the isolation efficacy for the passive elastic devices by the structural configuration optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper present the main results obtained from the complex study intended for increasing the isolation efficacy on the passive elastic anti-vibrational devices, based on the rubber elements. At first, the author present the main theoretical aspects ... Keywords: isolation efficacy, passive elastic devices, rubber element

Silviu Nastac

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Potential Environmental Impacts from the Metals in Incandescent, Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL), and Light-Emitting Diode (LED)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), and Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Bulbs Seong-Rin Lim, Daniel Kang, Oladele A. Ogunseitan,,§ and Julie M sources with compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) and light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs that use about 70% and 85 lighting systems are transitioning from incandes- cent to compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) and light

Short, Daniel

79

PQ Hotline Call of the Month - September 2005: Life-Extension and Energy-Saving Devices for Incandescent Light Bulbs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Power Quality Hotline is provided as a service to all Power Quality Knowledge funders. EPRI's Power Quality Knowledge program provides best-in-class information and resource tools needed to manage power quality in a competitive environment, and to understand and solve vexing power quality problems. The program offers a comprehensive collection of unbiased and actionable technical and informational publications and products, educational forums, technical support, and Web-based services to enable ...

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

80

Strobe Light Deterrent Efficacy Test and Fish Behavior Determination at Grand Coulee Dam Third Powerplant Forebay  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report documents the fourth year of a four-year study to assess the efficacy of a prototype strobe light system to elicit a negative phototactic response in kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (O. mykiss) in the forebay to the third powerplant at Grand Coulee Dam. This work was conducted for the Bonneville Power Administration, U.S. Department of Energy, by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in conjunction with the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (Colville Confederated Tribes).

Johnson, Robert L.; Simmons, Mary Ann; McKinstry, Craig A.; Simmons, Carver S.; Cook, Chris B.; Brown, Richard S.; Tano, Daniel K.; Thorsten, Susan L.; Faber, Derrek M.; Lecaire, Richard; Francis, Stephen

2005-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Strobe Light Deterrent Efficacy Test and Fish Behavior Determination at Grand Coulee Dam Third Powerplant Forebay  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the third year of a four-year study to assess the efficacy of a prototype strobe light system to elicit a negative phototactic response in kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (O. mykiss) in the forebay to the third powerplant at Grand Coulee Dam. This work was conducted for the Bonneville Power Administration, U.S. Department of Energy, by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in conjunction with the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (Colville Confederated Tribes).

Simmons, Mary Ann; Johnson, Robert L.; McKinstry, Craig A.; Simmons, Carver S.; Cook, Chris B.; Brown, Richard S.; Tano, Daniel K.; Thorsten, Susan L.; Faber, Derrek M.; Lecaire, Richard; Francis, Stephen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Study of the efficacy of aerosol versus nonaerosol laundry products. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The California Air Resources Board estimates that 6.6 tons of photochemically reactive organic compounds (PROC) are released into the environment in California every day because of the use of aerosol laundry products. The project studied the efficacy, ease of product use, and PROC content for three major brands of pre-wash stain removers in available product forms and for five starch products in their available product forms. Efficacy of pre-wash products was generally found to be limited. They were particularly useful for oil and ball point ink removal. Aerosols were found to be slightly superior. PROC content varied from 16-76% on aerosols; none was found in nonaerosols. Aerosols were found to be slightly easier to use by the laboratory investigator. For starches, on synthetic fabrics Faultless aerosol was found to be superior. For natural fabrics, results were mixed. Efficacy per unit cost was found to be high for bulk starches. PROC content for the two aerosols was 5.8% for Faultless and 8.5% for Niagra. Aerosols were easiest to use and bulk products rather difficult to use.

Boggs, R.R.; Belmont, B.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Teacher self-efficacy in Cape Town : a bottom up approach to enhancing the quality of education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Personal teacher self-efficacy (PTE), or the belief in one's own ability to overcome a particular challenge, often acts as a catalyst for teachers to improve the effectiveness of their teaching. Gaining PTE can translate ...

Kim, YeSeul

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Training Residents to Employ Self-efficacy-enhancing Interviewing Techniques: Randomized Controlled Trial of a Standardized Patient Intervention  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a single SP instructor training visit and persisted withoutour findings suggest that training primary care physiciansJ, et al. Self-efficacy training for patients with end-stage

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Confocal microphotoluminescence of InGaN-based light-emitting diodes Koichi Okamoto,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for conventional incandescent and fluorescent light bulbs.5 However, luminous efficacies of commercial white LEDsConfocal microphotoluminescence of InGaN-based light-emitting diodes Koichi Okamoto,a Akio Kaneta-well-structured light-emitting diodes LEDs with a yellow-green light 530 nm and an amber light 600 nm was measured

Okamoto, Koichi

86

Fluorescent Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Fluorescent lamps use 25%-35% of the energy used by incandescent lamps to provide the same amount of illumination (efficacy of 30-110 lumens per watt). They also last about 10 times longer (7,000-24,000 hours).

87

Understanding Superintendents' Self-Efficacy Influences on Instructional Leadership and Student Achievement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation explores public school superintendent self-efficacy influences on instructional and student achievement within three Texas public school districts. The purpose of this research study is to investigate superintendent self-efficacy and its perceived influence on instructional leadership in districts with persistent student achievement inequities for economically disadvantaged and students of color. This study specifically focused on three White male public school superintendents with varying numbers of student populations that have large percentages of economically disadvantaged students and students of color. Two research questions guided the inquiry process: 1. How do superintendents in school districts in which children of color and children from low-income homes persistently under-perform perceive their effectiveness in the area of instructional leadership? 2.What are superintendents perceptions about how their instructional leadership beliefs are influenced by the context of federal and state accountability in which they work? This study employed a qualitative method of investigation utilizing a case-study approach to examine the perceptions, beliefs, and views of participating superintendents. Two in-depth interviews with each school superintendent served as primary data collection sources, while field notes, personal observations, email, and phone conversations served as secondary and clarifying sources. Data were interpreted using a critical interpretivist lens. This inquiry contributes to the body of superintendent practice and limited research scholarship by assisting in the understanding of perceived superintendent self-efficacy influences on instructional leadership and student achievement. These understandings have additional implications for the intersection of power, privilege, and emancipatory critical constructs for superintendents with populations of economically disadvantaged students and students of color. Findings from this study serve to highlight needed calls to action and reforms in superintendent preparatory programs, research scholarship, professional organizations, and regional educational service centers.

Whitt, Kenneth Ray

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Therapeutic efficacy of dimercaptosuccinic acid and thiamine/ascorbic acid on lead intoxication in rats  

SciTech Connect

Thiamine, folic acid, pyridoxine and ascorbic acid either individually or in combination have been proven to be effective in reducing the toxic manifestations of lead and in enhancing the antidotal efficacy of CaNa{sub 2}EDTA. In a recent report from the authors' laboratory, it was observed that given combination of thiamine and ascorbic acid with thiol chelators improved the ability of the animals to excrete lead thereby reducing body lead burden. In view of the beneficial effect of these two vitamins, it was considered of interest to evaluate their potential to modify the prophylactic action of DMS in lead intoxication in rat after repeated administration.

Tandon, S.K.; Flora, S.J.S. (Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, Lucknow (India))

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

The effects of a summer science camp teaching experience on preservice elementary teachers' science teaching efficacy, science content knowledge, and understanding of the nature of science.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a summer science camp teaching experience on preservice elementary teachers science teaching efficacy, (more)

Logerwell, Mollianne G.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

The Effects of a Summer Science Camp Teaching Experience on Preservice Elementary Teachers Science Teaching Efficacy, Science Content Knowledge, and Understanding of the Nature of Science .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a summer science camp teaching experience on preservice elementary teachers science teaching efficacy, science (more)

Logerwell, Mollianne G.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Ozone (o3) efficacy on reduction of phytophthora capsici in recirculated horticultural irrigation water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microorganisms that cause plant disease have been isolated in recirculated irrigation water and increase the risks of disease incidence in horticultural operations. Ozone is an effective oxidizer used to disinfect drinking water supplies and treat industrial wastewater. The objective of this research was to investigate using ozone gas as part of a strategy to reduce the incidence of Phytophthora deBary in recirculated irrigation water. An isolate of Phytophthora capsici Leonian was cultured to induce sporulation. Spore dilutions were placed in aliquots of reverse osmosis water and bubbled with ozone gas (O3) to concentrations of 0 to 1.5 mgL-1. Ozonated samples were plated and observed for colony forming units. Increasing ozone concentrations reduced the number of colony forming units to 0 at 1.5 mg L-1 03. Turbidity effects on efficacy on Phytophthora capsici were tested using bentonite clay at 0 to 2.0 nephelometric turbidity units and ozone concentrations of 0 to 1.5 mg L-1. Increasing bentonite did not affect the efficacy of increasing ozone concentrations on reducing colony formation to 0 at 1.5 mgL-1 O3. Bioassays using Phytophthora capsici on Capsicum annuum L. seedlings confirmed apparent pathogenicity. Reverse osmosis water, containing a soluble fertilizer at 0 to 300 mg L-1 N, was ozonated to concentrations of 0 to 1.5 mgL-1 O3 and used to irrigate Chrysanthemum x morifolium T. de Romatuelle. Increasing ozone concentrations did not interact with increasing fertilizer levels to affect the final growth parameters. Chrysanthemum exposed to ozone gas concentrations of 0.5 to 1.5 mgL-1 showed symptomatic ozone damage. Complete soluble fertilizer solutions with micronutrients were ozonated from 0 to 1.5 mgL-1 O3 and analysed for nutrient content. Increasing ozone levels did not interact with fertilizers to affect macronutrients. Increasing ozone interacted with iron at a high fertilizer level. Ozone did not affect the efficacy of paclobutralzol in controlling growth in Viola x wittrockiana. Ozone was effective in controlling Phytophthora capsici in recirculated irrigation water with minimum impact on plant growth. Adjustments in fertility regiemes may be needed to counteract the oxidizing affect of ozone on micronutrients.

McDonald, Garry Vernon

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Efficacy of Consumer-Available Antimicrobials for the Disinfection of Pathogen Contaminated Green Bell Pepper and Efficacy of Consumer Cleaning Methods for the Decontamination of Knives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limited information exists regarding the efficacy of consumer-available antimicrobials for the use on produce surfaces. There is a strong focus on eliminating pathogens from produce at a commercial level, but consumers can achieve pathogen reduction in a domestic setting. The objectives were to determine the ability of consumer-available antimicrobials to disinfect waxed green bell peppers, determine the efficacy of knife cleaning methods, and assess the transfer of contamination. Peppers were inoculated via immersion in a cocktail of rifampicin-resistant Salmonella serovars and Escherichia coli O157:H7 to a final concentration of 5.6 0.5 log CFU/cm2. In study 1, samples of 3 10-cm2 pieces of inoculated pepper were excised from smooth tissue and immersed in 3% (v/v) hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), 2.5% (v/v) acetic acid, 70% (v/v) ethyl alcohol (EtOH), or sterile distilled water (SDW) for various lengths of time. Following treatment, samples were immersed for 30 s in a neutralizer solution. For study 2, inoculated peppers were chopped into 1-cm2 pieces. Knives were treated with one cleaning method: no treatment (control), towel wipe (TW), running hot water for 5 s (5SW), running hot water for 10 s (10SW) or 1% (v/v) detergent solution followed by hot running water for 10 s (ST). After treatments, knives were used to chop cucumbers. Surviving Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7 for both studies were selectively enumerated on lactose-sulfite-phenol red-rifampicin agar following aerobic incubation of plates for 24 h at 35 C. Hydrogen peroxide exposure for 5 min resulted in reductions of 1.3 0.3 log CFU/cm2 for both pathogens. Following 1 min exposure to EtOH, pathogens were reduced by 1.3 0.1 3 log CFU/cm2; exposure for >1 min did not result in additional reduction. Acetic acid exposure after 5 min resulted in a Salmonella reduction of 1.0 0.7 log CFU/cm2, but for E. coli O157:H7, exposure resulted in no significant reduction (p<0.05) of pathogens compared to SDW at the various points. For study 2, 5SW, 10SW, and ST were equally effective for knife decontamination. No significant difference (p<0.05) was found between log CFU/cm2 on knife blade and log CFU/cm2 transferred to surface of cucumber; therefore, viable organisms remaining on the knife blade were transferred onto the surface of the cucumber. Findings suggest EtOH and H2O2 may be effective consumer-deployable antimicrobials for surface decontamination of smooth produce, and contaminated produce can contaminate other produce. Further research of antimicrobial exposure on produce sensorial characteristics is also advised in order to determine how various antimicrobial exposure times will affect the quality and sensorial characteristics of the produce commodity.

Perez, Keila Lizth

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Tumor blood vessel "normalization" improves the therapeutic efficacy of boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) in experimental oral cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We previously demonstrated the efficacy of BNCT mediated by boronophenylalanine (BPA) to treat tumors in a hamster cheek pouch model of oral cancer with no normal tissue radiotoxicity and moderate, albeit reversible, mucositis in precancerous tissue around treated tumors. It is known that boron targeting of the largest possible proportion of tumor cells contributes to the success of BNCT and that tumor blood vessel normalization improves drug delivery to the tumor. Within this context, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of blood vessel normalization on the therapeutic efficacy and potential radiotoxicity of BNCT in the hamster cheek pouch model of oral cancer.

D. W. Nigg

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

The Disinfection Efficacy of Chlorine on Sulfate-reducing Bacteria and Iron Bacteria in Water Supply Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) and iron reducing bacteria (IRB) that widely exist in water supply networks are the main microorganisms leading to metal corrosion in pipelines. Chlorine is widely used in drinking water supply systems for sterilization. ... Keywords: Chlorine, SRB, IRB, disinfection efficacy

Qi Beimenr; Wu Chenguang; Chen Xiaoju; Yuan Yixing

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

A simple evaluation of global and diffuse Luminous Efficacy for all sky conditions in tropical and humid climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and humid climate A. H. Fakra, H. Boyer, F. Miranville, D. Bigot Building Physics and Systems Laboratory illuminance 1. Introduction Daylighting is recognized as an important and useful strategy in the design. Literature review The luminous efficacy of daylight (in lm/W) is defined as the ratio of daylight illuminance

96

Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T5 Incandescent CFL Halogen Other Total Equipment EfficiencyCFL replacement for incandescent bulbs, and high-efficiency

McNeil, Michael A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Assessing the Efficacy of the Aerobic Methanotrophic Biofilter in Methane Hydrate Environments  

SciTech Connect

In October 2008 the University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB) initiated investigations of water column methane oxidation in methane hydrate environments, through a project funded by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) entitled: assessing the efficacy of the aerobic methanotrophic biofilter in methane hydrate environments. This Final Report describes the scientific advances and discoveries made under this award as well as the importance of these discoveries in the broader context of the research area. Benthic microbial mats inhabit the sea floor in areas where reduced chemicals such as sulfide reach the more oxidizing water that overlies the sediment. We set out to investigate the role that methanotrophs play in such mats at locations where methane reaches the sea floor along with sulfide. Mats were sampled from several seep environments and multiple sets were grown in-situ at a hydrocarbon seep in the Santa Barbara Basin. Mats grown in-situ were returned to the laboratory and used to perform stable isotope probing experiments in which they were treated with 13C-enriched methane. The microbial community was analyzed, demonstrating that three or more microbial groups became enriched in methanes carbon: methanotrophs that presumably utilize methane directly, methylotrophs that presumably consume methanol excreted by the methanotrophs, and sulfide oxidizers that presumably consume carbon dioxide released by the methanotrophs and methylotrophs. Methanotrophs reached high relative abundance in mats grown on methane, but other bacterial processes include sulfide oxidation appeared to dominate mats, indicating that methanotrophy is not a dominant process in sustaining these benthic mats, but rather a secondary function modulated by methane availability. Methane that escapes the sediment in the deep ocean typically dissolved into the overlying water where it is available to methanotrophic bacteria. We set out to better understand the efficacy of this process as a biofilter by studying the distribution of methane oxidation and disposition of methanotrophic populations in the Pacific Ocean. We investigated several environments including the basins offshore California, the continental margin off Central America, and the shallow waters around gas seeps. We succeeded in identifying the distributions of activity in these environments, identified potential physical and chemical controls on methanotrophic activity, we further revealed details about the methanotrophic communities active in these settings, and we developed new approaches to study methanotrophic communities. These findings should improve our capacity to predict the methanotrophic response in ocean waters, and further our ability to generate specific hypotheses as to the ecology and efficacy of pelagic methanotrophic communites. The discharge of methane and other hydrocarbons to Gulf of Mexico that followed the sinking of the Deepwater Horizon provided a unique opportunity to study the methanotorphic biofilter in the deep ocean environment. We set out to understand the consumption of methane and the bloom of methanotrophs resulting from this event, as a window into the regional scale release of gas hydrate under rapid warming scenarios. We found that other hydrocarbon gases, notably propane and ethane, were preferred for consumption over methane, but that methane consumption accelerated rapidly and drove the depletion of methane within a matter of months after initial release. These results revealed the identity of the responsible community, and point to the importance of the seed population in determining the rate at which a methanotrophic community is able to respond to an input of methane. Collectively, these results provide a significant advance in our understanding of the marine methanotrohic biofilter, and further provide direction and context for future investigations of this important phenomenon. This project has resulted in fourteen publications to date, with five more circulating in draft form, and several others planned.

Valentine, David

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

98

Improvement of Stent Retriever Design and Efficacy of Mechanical Thrombectomy in a Flow Model  

SciTech Connect

In vitro experiments were performed to evaluate the efficacy of mechanical intracranial thrombectomy comparing the newly developed Aperio stent retriever and standard devices for stroke treatment. The Aperio (A), with an increased working length of 4 cm and a special cell design for capturing and withholding clots, was compared to three benchmark devices: the Solitaire retrievable stent (B), the Merci X6 (C), and the Merci L5 retriever (D). In a vascular glass model with pulsatile flow, reminiscent of the M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery, we repeatedly induced occlusion by generating thrombi via a modified Chandler loop system. The numbers of recanalization attempts, peripheral embolizations, and recanalizations at the site of occlusion were recorded during 10 retrieval experiments with each device. Eleven devices were able to remove the blood clots from the occluded branch. In 34 of 40 experiments, restoration of flow was obtained in 1-3 attempts. The main differences between the study devices were observed in terms of clot withholding and fragmentation during retrieval. Although there was only one fragmentation recorded for device A, disengagement of the whole clot or peripheral embolization of fragments occurred more frequently (5-7 times) with devices B, C, and D. In a vascular model, the design of device A was best at capturing and withholding thrombi during retrieval. Further study will be necessary to see whether this holds true in clinical applications.

Wenger, Katharina, E-mail: kwenger@stud.uni-frankfurt.de [Institute of Neuroradiology, University of Frankfurt am Main (Germany)] [Institute of Neuroradiology, University of Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Nagl, Frank, E-mail: fnagl@acandis.com [Acandis GmbH and Co KG (Germany)] [Acandis GmbH and Co KG (Germany); Wagner, Marlies, E-mail: Marlies.Wagner@kgu.de; Berkefeld, Joachim, E-mail: berkefeld@em.uni-frankfurt.de [Institute of Neuroradiology, University of Frankfurt am Main (Germany)] [Institute of Neuroradiology, University of Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

99

Dental radiography: efficacy in the assessment of intraosseous lesions of the face and jaws in asymptomatic patients  

SciTech Connect

In this investigation the efficacy of dental radiography for the detection of occult intraosseous lesions of the face and jaws was evaluated. An analysis of 30 million health insurance records indicated that the period prevalence of malignant lesions was less than 5 cases/million/year, and for benign lesions approximately 100 cases/million/year. Data from a controlled observer-performance study showed that radiographic sensitivities ranged between 50% and 80%. The cost per true-positive finding was estimated to be +8.6 million per malignant case and +430,000 per benign case. An assessment of the dosimetric literature indicated that the benefits of radiographic screening as a means for early detection of a malignancy appear to be counterbalanced by the risk of causing a radiation-induced malignancy. Taken together, these data demonstrate that dental radiography is not efficacious for the purpose of detecting occult lesions.

Zeichner, S.J.; Ruttimann, U.E.; Webber, R.L.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Efficacy of Lower-Body Shielding in Computed Tomography Fluoroscopy-Guided Interventions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Computed tomography (CT) fluoroscopy-guided interventions pose relevant radiation exposure to the interventionalist. The goal of this study was to analyze the efficacy of lower-body shielding as a simple structural method for decreasing radiation dose to the interventionalist without limiting access to the patient. Material and Methods: All examinations were performed with a 128-slice dual source CT scanner (12 Multiplication-Sign 1.2-mm collimation; 120 kV; and 20, 40, 60, and 80 mAs) and an Alderson-Rando phantom. Scatter radiation was measured with an ionization chamber and a digital dosimeter at standardized positions and heights with and without a lower-body lead shield (0.5-mm lead equivalent; Kenex, Harlow, UK). Dose decreases were computed for the different points of measurement. Results: On average, lower-body shielding decreased scatter radiation by 38.2% within a 150-cm radius around the shielding. This decrease is most significant close to the gantry opening and at low heights of 50 and 100 cm above the floor with a maximum decrease of scatter radiation of 95.9% close to the scanner's isocentre. With increasing distance to the gantry opening, the effect decreased. There is almost no dose decrease effect at {>=}150 above the floor. Scatter radiation and its decrease were linearly correlated with the tube current-time product (r{sup 2} = 0.99), whereas percent scatter radiation decrease was independent of the tube current-time product. Conclusion: Lower-body shielding is an effective way to decrease radiation exposure to the interventionalist and should routinely be used in CT fluoroscopy-guided interventions.

Mahnken, Andreas H., E-mail: mahnken@rad.rwth-aachen.de [RWTH Aachen, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Sedlmair, Martin [Siemens, Healthcare Sector (Germany); Ritter, Christine [University of Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Institute (Denmark); Banckwitz, Rosemarie; Flohr, Thomas [Siemens, Healthcare Sector (Germany)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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101

Randomized Clinical Trial to Assess the Efficacy of Radiotherapy in Primary Mediastinal Large B-Lymphoma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: We developed a controlled clinical trial to assess the efficacy and toxicity of adjuvant-involved field radiotherapy (IFRT) in patients with primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma that achieved complete response after the patients were treated with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone, and rituximab (R-CHOP-14). Methods and Materials: Between January 2001 and June 2004, 124 consecutive patients who were in complete remission after dose dense chemotherapy and rituximab administration (R-CHOP14) were randomly assigned to received IFRT (30 Gy). Sixty-three patients received IFR, and 61 patients did not (control group). Results: The study aimed to include 182 patients in each arm but was closed prematurely because in a security analysis (June 2004), progression and early relapse were more frequent in patients that did not received IFRT. Patients were followed until March 2009, at which point actuarial curves at 10 years showed that progression free-survival was 72% in patients who received IFR and 20% in the control group (p < 0.001), overall survival was 72% and 31%, respectively (p < 0.001). Acute toxicity was mild and well tolerated. Discussion: Adjuvant radiotherapy to sites of bulky disease was the only difference to have an improvement in outcome in our patients; the use of rituximab during induction did not improve complete response rates and did affect overall survival; patients who received rituximab but not IFRT had a worse prognosis. Conclusions: The use of IFRT in patients with primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma who achieved complete response remain as the best treatment available, even in patients that received rituximab during induction.

Aviles, Agustin, E-mail: agustin.aviles@imss.gob.mx [Oncology Research Unit, Oncology Hospital, National Medical Center, IMSS, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Neri, Natividad [Department of Hematology, Oncology Hospital, National Medical Center, IMSS, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Fernandez, Raul [Department of Radiation Therapy, Oncology Hospital, National Medical Center, IMSS, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Huerta-Guzman, Judith; Nambo, Maria J. [Department of Hematology, Oncology Hospital, National Medical Center, IMSS, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

102

Diacylglycerol Oil, 2nd EditionChapter 15 Efficacy and Safety of the Combined Use of Diacylglycerol Oil with Other Cholesterol-Lowering Agents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diacylglycerol Oil, 2nd Edition Chapter 15 Efficacy and Safety of the Combined Use of Diacylglycerol Oil with Other Cholesterol-Lowering Agents Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nut

103

The Efficacy of Ultraviolet Radiation for Sterilizing Tools Used for Surgically Implanting Transmitters into Fish  

SciTech Connect

Telemetry is frequently used to examine the behavior of fish, and the transmitters used are normally surgically implanted into the coelom of fish. Implantation requires the use of surgical tools such as scalpels, forceps, needle holders, and sutures. When several fish are implanted consecutively for large telemetry studies, it is common for surgical tools to be sterilized or, at minimum, disinfected between each use so that pathogens that may be present are not spread among fish. However, autoclaving tools can take a long period of time, and chemical sterilants or disinfectants can be harmful to both humans and fish and have varied effectiveness. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is commonly used to disinfect water in aquaculture facilities. However, this technology has not been widely used to sterilize tools for surgical implantation of transmitters in fish. To determine its efficacy for this application, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers used UV radiation to disinfect surgical tools (i.e., forceps, needle holder, stab scalpel, and suture) that were exposed to one of four aquatic organisms that typically lead to negative health issues for salmonids. These organisms included Aeromonas salmonicida, Flavobacterium psychrophilum, Renibacterium salmoninarum, and Saprolegnia parasitica. Surgical tools were exposed to the bacteria by dipping them into a confluent suspension of three varying concentrations (i.e., low, medium, high). After exposure to the bacterial culture, tools were placed into a mobile Millipore UV sterilization apparatus. The tools were then exposed for three different time periods2, 5, or 15 min. S. parasitica, a water mold, was tested using an agar plate method and forceps-pinch method. UV light exposures of 5 and 15 min were effective at killing all four organisms. UV light was also effective at killing Geobacillus stearothermophilus, the organism used as a biological indicator to verify effectiveness of steam sterilizers. These techniques appear to provide a quick alternative disinfection technique for some surgical tools that is less harmful to both humans and fish while not producing chemical waste. However, we do not recommend using these methods with tools that have overlapping parts or other structures that cannot be directly exposed to UV light such as needle holders.

Walker, Ricardo W.; Markillie, Lye Meng; Colotelo, Alison HA; Gay, Marybeth E.; Woodley, Christa M.; Brown, Richard S.

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

104

Safety and Efficacy of Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Adjuvant Bevacizumab in Patients With Recurrent Malignant Gliomas  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Patients with recurrent malignant gliomas treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and multiagent systemic therapies were reviewed to determine the effects of patient- and treatment-related factors on survival and toxicity. Methods and Materials: A retrospective analysis was performed on patients with recurrent malignant gliomas treated with salvage SRS from September 2002 to March 2010. All patients had experienced progression after treatment with temozolomide and radiotherapy. Salvage SRS was typically administered only after multiple postchemoradiation salvage systemic therapies had failed. Results: 63 patients were treated with SRS for recurrent high-grade glioma; 49 patients had World Health Organization (WHO) Grade 4 disease. Median follow-up was 31 months from primary diagnosis and 7 months from SRS. Median overall survival from primary diagnosis was 41 months for all patients. Median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival from SRS (OS-SRS) were 6 and 10 months for all patients, respectively. The 1-year OS-SRS for patients with Grade 4 glioma who received adjuvant (concurrent with or after SRS) bevacizumab was 50% vs. 22% for patients not receiving adjuvant bevacizumab (p = 0.005). Median PFS for patients with a WHO Grade 4 glioma who received adjuvant bevacizumab was 5.2 months vs. 2.1 months for patients who did not receive adjuvant bevacizumab (p = 0.014). Karnofsky performance status (KPS) and age were not significantly different between treatment groups. Treatment-related Grade 3/4 toxicity for patients receiving and not receiving adjuvant BVZ was 10% and 14%, respectively (p = 0.58).On multivariate analysis, the relative risk of death and progression with adjuvant bevacizumab was 0.37 (confidence interval [CI] 0.17-0.82) and 0.45 (CI 0.21-0.97). KPS >70 and age <50 years were significantly associated with improved survival. Conclusions: The combination of salvage radiosurgery and bevacizumab to treat recurrent malignant gliomas is well tolerated and seems to be associated with improved outcomes. Prospective multiinstitutional studies are required to determine efficacy and long-term toxicity with this approach.

Cuneo, Kyle C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Vredenburgh, James J.; Sampson, John H.; Reardon, David A.; Desjardins, Annick; Peters, Katherine B.; Friedman, Henry S. [Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Preston Robert Tisch Brain Tumor Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Willett, Christopher G. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Kirkpatrick, John P., E-mail: john.kirkpatrick@duke.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Preston Robert Tisch Brain Tumor Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Evaluation of the efficacy of polyphosphate remediation technology: Direct and indirect remediation of uranium under alkaline conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A field-scale technology demonstration has been conducted to optimize polyphosphate remediation technology for enhanced monitored natural attenuation of the uranium plume within the 300 Area aquifer at the Hanford Site, southeastern Washington State. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of polyphosphate to treat uranium-contaminated groundwater in situ. Focused application of polyphosphate was conducted in a source or 'hot spot' area to reduce the inventory of available uranium contributing to the groundwater plume through direct precipitation of uranyl-phosphate solids and secondary containment via precipitation of apatite which can serve as a long-term sorbent for uranium. The test site consisted of an injection well and 15 monitoring wells installed in the 300 Area near the process trenches that had previously received uranium-bearing effluents. The results indicated sequestration of uranium as insoluble phosphate phases appears to be a promising alternative for treating the uranium- contaminated groundwater at the Hanford Site 300 Area. However, the formation of the apatite during the test was limited due to two separate overarching issues: (1) formation and emplacement of apatite via polyphosphate technology, and (2) efficacy of apatite for sequestering uranium under the present geochemical and hydrodynamic conditions.

Wellman, Dawn M.; Fruchter, Jonathan S.; Vermeul, Vincent R.; Richards, Emily L.; Jansik, Danielle P.; Edge, Ellen

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

106

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Sun Protection Intervention for Highway Workers: Long-Term Efficacy of UV Photography and Skin Cancer Information on Mens Protective Cognitions and Behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

# The Author(s) 2009. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com Background The risk for skin cancer is increased among older males and outdoor workers who have high levels of ultraviolet (UV) exposure. Purpose This study was designed to examine the long-term efficacy of UV photography interventions on male outdoor workers, the potential mediators of its impact, and the efficacy of UV photography and skin cancer vs. aging information with this population. Methods One hundred forty-eight male outdoor workers were randomly assigned to one of four intervention conditions or a control condition in a two by two plus one

Frederick X. Gibbons; Laura A. Walsh; James A. Kulik, Ph.D.; M. Gerrard; F. X. Gibbons; J. L. Dykstra; H. I. M. Mahler

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph Mouse Models for Efficacy Testing of Agents against Radiation CarcinogenesisA Literature Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: As the number of cancer survivors treated with radiation as a part of their therapy regimen is constantly increasing, so is concern about radiation-induced cancers. This increases the need for therapeutic and mitigating agents against secondary neoplasias. Development and efficacy testing of these agents requires not only extensive in vitro assessment, but also a set of reliable animal models of radiation-induced carcinogenesis. The laboratory mouse (Mus musculus) remains one of the best animal model systems for cancer research due to its molecular and physiological similarities to man, small size, ease of breeding in captivity and a fully sequenced genome. This work reviews relevant M. musculus inbred and F1 hybrid animal models and methodologies of induction of radiation-induced leukemia, thymic lymphoma, breast, and lung cancer in these models. Where available, the associated molecular pathologies are also included.

Leena Rivina; Robert Schiestl

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Do teachers differ by certification route? novice teachers' sense of self-efficacy, commitment to teaching, and preparedness to teach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alternative teacher certification (ATC) programs are one method created to help alleviate teacher shortages (Cox, Matthews, & Assoc, 2001; Hallinan & Khmelkov, 2001). While much debate has arisen over ATC programs, very few have empirically examined their impact on the teaching pool (Darling-Hammond, Berry, & Thoreson, 2001; Darling-Hammond, Chung, & Frelow, 2002; Goldhaber, 2000; Ingersoll, 1999; Shen, 1997, 1999). The present study was designed to explore differences by certification type and program characteristics based on novice teachers' demographics, educational attainment, sense of self-efficacy, and sense of preparedness to enter the classroom. Results from the present study suggest ATC programs are somewhat diversifying the teaching population by bringing in more minorities and science majors, but do not appear to be bringing in more experienced scientists and mathematicians nor do they appear to be alleviating the teacher shortage. In this sample, traditionally certified teachers felt better prepared than ATC teachers with the biggest differences on Promoting Student Learning. Regardless of certification route, prior classroom experience was a strong predictor of Overall Preparedness and a teacher's perception of his or her ability to be an effective teacher. For ATC teachers, a positive mentoring experience was a strong predictor of Overall Preparedness. The discussion of whether or not ATC programs should exist should now be replaced with a discussion of how to ensure that these programs produce better teachers and improve student learning. The underlying theme from the present study was that, in order to feel prepared and have high self-efficacy, novice teachers needed instruction in the majority of the components identified by research and by the National Commission on Teaching and America's Future (1996), including positive mentoring experiences, field based experiences, and curriculum based on child development, learning theory, cognition, motivation, and subject matter pedagogy. Results from the present study support the assertion that teacher preparation programs, program components, mentoring experiences, and field-based experiences do impact teacher effectiveness in the classroom.

Zientek, Linda Reichwein

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Longitudinal study to assess the safety and efficacy of a live-attenuated SHIV vaccine in long term immunized rhesus macaques  

SciTech Connect

Live-attenuated viruses derived from SIV and SHIV have provided the most consistent protection against challenge with pathogenic viruses, but concerns regarding their long-term safety and efficacy have hampered their clinical usefulness. We report a longitudinal study in which we evaluated the long-term safety and efficacy of {delta}vpuSHIV{sub PPC}, a live virus vaccine derived from SHIV{sub PPC}. Macaques were administered two inoculations of {delta}vpuSHIV{sub PPC}, three years apart, and followed for eight years. None of the five vaccinated macaques developed an AIDS-like disease from the vaccine. At eight years, macaques were challenged with pathogenic SIV and SHIV. None of the four macaques with detectable cellular-mediated immunity prior to challenge had detectable viral RNA in the plasma. This study demonstrates that multiple inoculations of a live vaccine virus can be used safely and can significantly extend the efficacy of the vaccine, as compared to a single inoculation, which is efficacious for approximately three years.

Yankee, Thomas M. [Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics, and Immunology, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3025 WHW - MS 3029, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, KS 66160 (United States)], E-mail: tyankee@kumc.edu; Sheffer, Darlene; Liu Zhengian; Dhillon, Sukhbir; Jia Fenglan; Chebloune, Yahia [Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics, and Immunology, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3025 WHW - MS 3029, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, KS 66160 (United States); Stephens, Edward B. [Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics, and Immunology, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3025 WHW - MS 3029, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, KS 66160 (United States); Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160 (United States); Narayan, Opendra [Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics, and Immunology, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3025 WHW - MS 3029, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, KS 66160 (United States)

2009-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

110

A virtual reality system for the treatment of stress-related disorders: A preliminary analysis of efficacy compared to a standard cognitive behavioral program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents preliminary efficacy data in a controlled study of the use of a virtual reality (VR) system for treating stress-related disorders (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD; Pathological Grief, or PG; and Adjustment Disorders, or AD). ... Keywords: Adjustment Disorder, Pathological Grief, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Psychological treatments, Stress-related disorders, Virtual reality

R. M. Baos; V. Guillen; S. Quero; A. Garca-Palacios; M. Alcaniz; C. Botella

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Compact light source performance in recessed type luminaires  

SciTech Connect

Photometric comparisons were made with an indoor, recessed, type luminaire using incandescent, high intensity discharge and compact fluorescent lamps. The test results show substantial performance advantages, as expected, for the discharge light sources where the efficacy gains can be in the order for 400% even when including the ballast losses associated with the discharge lamps. The candlepower distribution patterns emerging from these luminaries are also different from those associated with the baseline incandescent lamps, and which are in some ways, even more desirable from a uniformity of illuminance perspective. A section on fluorescent lamp starting is also included which describes a system having excellent starting characteristics in terms of electrode starting temperature (RH/RC technique), proper operating frequency to minimize unwanted IR interactions, and satisfactory current crest factor values to help insure life performance.

Hammer, E.E.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Efficacy of Single-Session Percutaneous Drainage and 50% Acetic Acid Sclerotherapy for Treatment of Simple Renal Cysts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose. To evaluate the efficacy and long-term results of single-session 50% acetic acid sclerotherapy for the treatment of simple renal cysts, and to compare the therapeutic results of 5 and 20 min sclerosant dwell techniques. Methods. During the past 9 years, 50% acetic acid sclerotherapy was performed on 67 cysts in 66 patients. An acetic acid volume corresponding to a mean of 23% of the aspirated cyst volume was injected into the cysts. A 20 min dwell time with position changes was performed in 32 cysts (31 patients; group I) and 8% of volume for a 5 min dwell time in 35 cysts (35 patients; group II). Three- and 6-month sonographic or CT follow-up was performed for a minimum of 1 year. Complete regression was defined as no remaining cyst measurable on sonography with or without a scar at the renal cortex. Partial regression was defined as a decreased cyst volume compared with that before sclerotherapy. The Mann-Whitney U-test was used to compare the therapeutic results between the two groups. Results. For 67 simple renal cysts, complete regression on follow-up was observed in 21 of 32 cysts (66%; group I) and 22 of 35 cysts (63%; group II); the remaining 24 cysts all showed partial regression. The partial reduction rate of the cyst's volume was 97.4% (91.3-99.4%) in group I and 96.9% (90.8-99.5 %) in group II. There were no procedure-related major complications, and no statistically significant differences in the complete regression and partial volume reduction rates between the two groups (p > 0.05). Conclusion. Fifty percent acetic acid is an effective and safe sclerosing agent for simple renal cysts. Fifty percent acetic acid sclerotherapy with a 5 min sclerosant dwell time, using a volume of about 10% of the aspirated volume, is sufficient for satisfactory results of simple renal cyst sclerotherapy.

Kwon, Se Hwan; Oh, Joo Hyeong [Kyung Hee University Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: ohjh6108@hanmail.net; Seo, Tae-Seok [Korea University Guro Hospital, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of); Park, Ho Chul [Kyung Hee University Hospital, Department of Surgery (Korea, Republic of)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

NETL: Gasification  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in house lighting, where, when mixed with argon, the incandescent light emits a more blue light (typically incandescent bulbs have a yellowish tint). These bulbs are more...

114

Quality and Performance of LED Flashlights in Kenya: Common End User Preferences and Complaints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with torches? Failure of: ? LEDs/Bulb [1] ? Battery [2] ?to incandescent bulbs, and low cost LEDs have achieved pricepowered LED flashlights. Incandescent bulb flashlights are

Tracy, Jenny

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Restaurants | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

system Light your exit signs with incandescent bulbs Replace the bulbs with light emitting diode (LED) exit sign retrofit kits Light your parking area with incandescent or...

116

The Efficacy of Profile Matching as a Means of Controlling for the Effects of Response Distortion on Personality Measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Researchers and practitioners continue to be concerned about the magnitude, extent, and effects of response distortion when self-report personality measures are used in high-stakes testing. One method for mitigating response distortion that has not received much empirical attention is profile matching. Profile matching assesses the fit between test-takers predictor profiles and a standard profile which represents an ideal or high performing employees profile. Since profile matching assesses fit, it can capture nonlinear effects. Furthermore, high predictor scores are not necessarily associated with higher criterion scores. Testtakers who distort their responses by choosing inaccurately extreme response options may improve their chances of being hired if a linear model is used, but this approach is unlikely to be effective if a profile matching strategy is used as long as the standard profile is unknown to the test-takers. As such, the primary objective of the present study was to examine the extent to which profile matching may alleviate concerns about response distortion. A secondary objective was to examine characteristics of the standard profile that are associated with the efficacy of this approach. The present study compared the effects of response distortion on personality test scores, and their criterion-related validity in predicting tenure, based on a linear composite and a profile fit score. The present study used data from 996 applicants who completed a personality test in a high-stakes testing context. Missing data were imputed for a subset of applicants who did not complete two response distortion scales. As such, the results provided an initial proof-of-concept of the effectiveness of profile matching as a personnel decision-making strategy using a blend of real and simulated data. The results suggest that profile fit scores are less related to response distortion and display higher criterion-related validity than linear composite scores. However, the difference in criterion-related validity could not be attributed to response distortion. The results further suggest that the amount of scatter in the standard profile is negatively associated with the profile fit scores susceptibility to response distortion and positively related to criterion-related validity.

Glaze, Ryan 1983-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project -- Strobe Light Deterrent Efficacy Test and Fish Behavior Determination at Grand Coulee Dam Third Powerplant Forebay  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the work conducted during the first year of a long-term study to assess the efficacy of a prototype strobe light system in eliciting a negative phototactic response in kokanee and rainbow trout. The strobe light system is being evaluated as a means to prevent entrainment (and subsequent loss) of fish at the entrance to the forebay adjacent to the third powerplant at Grand Coulee Dam. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the Colville Confederated Tribes are collaborating on the three-year study being conducted for the Bonneville Power Administration and the Northwest Power Planning Council.

Simmons, Mary Ann; Johnson, Robert L.; McKinstry, Craig A.; Anglea, Steven M.; Simmons, Carver S.; Thorsten, Susan L.; Lecaire, R; Francis, S

2002-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

118

PROJECTS IMPLEMENTED The City focused on improving the efficiency of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Replacing incandescent exit signs with new light emitting diode signs · Replacing the existing chiller

119

Transient Climate Response in a Two-Layer Energy-Balance Model. Part II: Representation of the Efficacy of Deep-Ocean Heat Uptake and Validation for CMIP5 AOGCMs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this second part of a series of two articles analyzing the global thermal properties of atmosphereocean coupled general circulation models (AOGCMs) within the framework of a two-layer energy-balance model (EBM), the role of the efficacy of ...

O. Geoffroy; D. Saint-Martin; G. Bellon; A. Voldoire; D. J. L. Olivi; S. Tytca

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Efficacy and treatment-related toxicity of radiotherapy for early-stage primary non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the parotid gland  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To assess the efficacy of radiotherapy (RT) in the treatment of primary non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) of the parotid gland. Methods and materials: Data on 35 consecutive patients seen at Mayo Clinic between 1974 and 2000 with Ann Arbor Stage I and II NHL of the parotid gland were reviewed retrospectively. Radiotherapy was given to 23 patients, and 12 patients were observed. Eight patients received RT to local fields only. In addition to local fields, 9 patients received ipsilateral neck irradiation, and 6 patients received both ipsilateral and contralateral neck irradiation. Results: Median follow-up was 6.5 years (range, 2 months-24 years). Local control was significantly improved in the RT group compared with the observation group (p = 0.03). Both overall survival and disease-specific survival were 90% at 5 years and 71% at 10 years. There was no significant difference in disease-specific survival or overall survival between the RT and observation groups. Conclusions: The overall prognosis for this rare presentation of NHL is excellent. Radiotherapy provided significant improvement in local control with minimal morbidity and should be considered in the treatment of these patients.

Olivier, Kenneth R. [Division of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States)]. E-mail: kolivier@ufl.edu; Brown, Paul D. [Division of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States); Stafford, Scott L. [Division of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States); Ansell, Stephen M. [Division of Hematology and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States); Martenson, James A. [Division of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States)

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

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121

Reirradiation With Cetuximab in Locoregional Recurrent and Inoperable Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck: Feasibility and First Efficacy Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To report our experience with a prospective protocol of external beam reirradiation (Re-RT) combined with cetuximab for patients with inoperable, recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). Patients and Methods: Between August 2008 and June 2010, 18 patients with inoperable recurrence of SCCHN after adjuvant or definitive radiotherapy (RT) and simultaneous or sequential cisplatin-based chemotherapy for primary SCCHN were enrolled. Acute and late toxicity from the experimental regimen were recorded every week during RT and every 3 months thereafter. Efficacy was assessed with repeated imaging using response evaluation criteria in solid tumors and clinical examinations 8-12 weeks after completion of the treatment and every 3 months thereafter. Results: Median follow-up time for all patients was 9.4 (range: 3.85-31.7) months and for patients alive 30.4 (range: 15.7-31.7) months. Acute toxicity was generally mild or moderate. Five patients developed a grade 3 acneiform rash related to cetuximab. Late toxicity occurred as grade 3 trismus in five and as grade 3 abacterial salivary gland inflammation in one patient, respectively. Overall response rate was 47%. Median overall and progression-free survival for all patients was 8.38 months and 7.33 months, respectively. The overall survival rate was 44% at 1 year, with a 1 year local control rate of 33%. Conclusion: Notwithstanding the limitations of our preliminary data Re-RT combined with cetuximab for recurrent and inoperable SCCHN is feasible and the integration of newer targeted agents seems to be less toxic compared to conventional chemotherapy with encouraging response rates at least for a subset of patients.

Balermpas, Panagiotis; Keller, Christian [Department of Radiation Therapy and Oncology, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Hambek, Markus; Wagenblast, Jens [Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Seitz, Oliver [Department of Oral Maxillofacial and Plastic Facial Surgery, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Roedel, Claus [Department of Radiation Therapy and Oncology, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Weiss, Christian, E-mail: christian.weiss@kgu.de [Department of Radiation Therapy and Oncology, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project; Strobe Light Deterrent Efficacy Test and Fish Behavior Determination at the Grand Coulee Dam Third Powerplant Forebay, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Since 1995, the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (Colville Confederated Tribes) have managed the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project as part of the Northwest Power Planning Council (NWPPC) Fish and Wildlife Program. Project objectives have focused on understanding natural production of kokanee (a land-locked sockeye salmon) and other fish stocks in the area above Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph Dams on the Columbia River. A 42-month investigation concluded that entrainment at Grand Coulee Dam ranged from 211,685 to 576,676 fish annually. Further analysis revealed that 85% of the total entrainment occurred at the dam's third powerplant. These numbers represent a significant loss to the tribal fisheries upstream of the dam. In response to a suggestion by the NWPPC Independent Scientific Review Panel, the scope of work for the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project was expanded to include a multiyear pilot test of a strobe light system to help mitigate fish entrainment. This report details the work conducted during the second year of the study by researchers of the Colville Confederated Tribes in collaboration with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The 2002 study period extended from May 18 through July 30. The objective of the study was to determine the efficacy of a prototype strobe light system to elicit a negative phototactic response in kokanee and rainbow trout. The prototype system consisted of six strobe lights affixed to an aluminum frame suspended vertically underwater from a barge secured in the center of the entrance to the third powerplant forebay. The lights, controlled by a computer, were aimed to illuminate a specific region directly upstream of the barge. Three light level treatments were used: 6 of 6 lights on, 3 of 6 lights on, and all lights off. These three treatment conditions were applied for an entire 24-hr day and were randomly assigned within a 3-day block throughout the study period. A seven-transducer splitbeam hydroacoustic system was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the strobe lights in eliciting a negative phototactic response in fish. The transducers were deployed so they tracked fish entering and within the region illuminated by the strobe lights. Two of the seven transducers were mounted to the frame containing the strobe lights and were oriented horizontally. The remaining five transducers were spaced approximately 4 m apart on individual floating frames upstream of the barge, with the transducers looking vertically downward.

Johnson, R.; McKinstry, C.; Simmons, C. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

"Research to Improve the Efficacy of Captive Broodstock Programs and Advance Hatchery Reform Throughout the Columbia River Basin." [from the Abstract], 2007-2008 Annual Progress Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project was developed to conduct research to improve the efficacy of captive broodstock programs and advance hatchery reform throughout the Columbia river basin. The project has three objectives: (1) maintain adaptive life history characteristics in Chinook salmon, (2) improve imprinting in juvenile sockeye salmon, and (3) match wild phenotypes in Chinook and sockeye salmon reared in hatcheries. A summary of the results are as follows: Objective 1: Adult and jack Chinook salmon males were stocked into four replicate spawning channels at a constant density (N = 16 per breeding group), but different ratios, and were left to spawn naturally with a fixed number of females (N = 6 per breeding group). Adult males obtained primary access to females and were first to enter the nest at the time of spawning. Jack male spawning occurred primarily by establishing satellite positions downstream of the courting pair, and 'sneaking' into the nest at the time of spawning. Male dominance hierarchies were fairly stable and strongly correlated with the order of nest entry at the time of spawning. Spawning participation by jack and adult males is consistent with a negative frequency dependent selection model, which means that selection during spawning favors the rarer life history form. Results of DNA parentage assignments will be analyzed to estimate adult-to-fry fitness of each male. Objective 2: To determine the critical period(s) for imprinting for sockeye salmon, juvenile salmon were exposed to known odorants at key developmental stages. Molecular assessments of imprinting-induced changes in odorant receptor gene expression indicated that regulation of odorant expression is influenced by developmental status and odor exposure history. The results suggest that sockeye salmon are capable of imprinting to homing cues during the developmental periods that correspond to several of current release strategies employed as part of the Captive Broodstock program (specifically, planting eyed eggs, fall and smolt releases into the lake) appear to be appropriate for successful homing of sockeye in Redfish Lake. Also, our findings indicated that sockeye salmon were capable of olfactory imprinting at multiple life stages and over varying exposure durations. Fish exposed to odors just prior to smolting showed the strongest attraction to the imprinting odor arginine and this period corresponds to the period of highest plasma thyroxine levels and increased BAAR receptor mRNA in juveniles. Objective 3: Spring Chinook salmon were exposed to three different photoperiods and three feed rations at the button-up stage of development. Both photoperiod at emergence and ration post-ponding affected the number of males maturing at age one. Nearly 70% of the males in the early emergence and satiation fed group matured after the first year of rearing, while none of the fish reared on late emergence photoperiod (equivalent to emergence on May 1) matured during this time irrespective of ration treatment. Within the early emergence groups, reducing growth using ration (low or high) appeared to reduce the number of males maturing at age one from 70% to 40-50%. Maturation rates of fish that emerged in a photoperiod equivalent to mid-February (middle emergence) ranged from 10-25%. Together these data indicate that the seasonal timing of fry emergence and growth after ponding can alter life history patterns in spring Chinook salmon. The results imply that hatchery rearing practices that alter seasonal timing of fry emergence can have drastic effects on life history patterns in juvenile Chinook salmon. All three objectives are on-going and will result in recommendations (at the end of the FY 2009 performance period) to advance hatchery reforms in conventional and captive broodstock programs.

Berejikian, Barry A. [National Marine Fisheries Service

2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

124

"Research to Improve the Efficacy of Captive Broodstock Programs and Advance Hatchery Reform Throughout the Columbia River Basin." [from the Abstract], 2008-2009 Progress Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project was developed to conduct research to improve the efficacy of captive broodstock programs and advance hatchery reform throughout the Columbia River Basin. The project has three objectives: (1) maintain adaptive life history characteristics in Chinook salmon, (2) improve imprinting in juvenile sockeye salmon, and (3) match wild phenotypes in Chinook and sockeye salmon reared in hatcheries. A summary of the results are as follows: Objective 1: The ratio of jack to adult male Chinook salmon were varied in experimental breeding populations to test the hypothesis that reproductive success of the two male phenotypes would vary with their relative frequency in the population. Adult Chinook salmon males nearly always obtained primary access to nesting females and were first to enter the nest at the time of spawning. Jack male spawning occurred primarily by establishing satellite positions downstream of the courting pair, and 'sneaking' into the nest at the time of spawning. Male dominance hierarchies were fairly stable and strongly correlated with the order of nest entry at the time of spawning. Observed participation in spawning events and adult-to-fry reproductive success of jack and adult males was consistent with a negative frequency-dependent selection model. Overall, jack males sired an average of 21% of the offspring produced across a range of jack male frequencies. Implications of these and additional findings on Chinook salmon hatchery broodstock management will be presented in the FY 2009 Annual Report. Objective 2: To determine the critical period(s) for imprinting for sockeye salmon, juvenile salmon were exposed to known odorants at key developmental stages. Molecular assessments of imprinting-induced changes in odorant receptor gene expression indicated that regulation of odorant expression is influenced by developmental status and odor exposure history. Expression levels of basic amino acid receptor (BAAR) mRNA in the olfactory epithelium increased dramatically during final maturation in both Stanley Basin and Okanogan River sockeye. These increases appeared to be independent of odor exposure history, rising significantly in both arginine-naive and arginine-exposed fish. However, sockeye exposed to arginine during smolting demonstrated a larger increase in BAAR mRNA than arginine-naive fish. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that odorant receptors sensitive to home stream waters may be upregulated at the time of the homing migration and may afford opportunities to exploit this system to experimentally characterize imprinting success and ultimately identify hatchery practices that will minimize straying of artificially produced salmonids. Additional analysis of Sockeye salmon imprinting and further implications of these findings will be presented in the FY 2009 Annual Report. Objective 3: Photoperiod at emergence and ration after ponding were varied in Yakima River spring Chinook salmon to test the hypothesis that seasonal timing of emergence and growth during early stages of development alter seasonal timing of smoltification and age of male maturation. Fish reared under conditions to advance fry emergence and accelerate growth had the greatest variation in seasonal timing of smolting (fall, spring and summer) and highest rates of early male maturation with most males maturing at age 1 (35-40%). In contrast, fish with delayed emergence and slow growth had the least variation in phenotypes with most fish smolting as yearlings in the spring and no age-1 male maturation. Growth (not emergence timing) altered rates of age-2 male maturation. Results of this study demonstrate that altering fry development, as is often done in hatcheries, can profoundly affect later life history transitions and the range of phenotypes within a spring Chinook salmon population. Additional work in the next funding period will determine if these rearing regimes affected other aspects of smolt quality, which may affect ultimate survival upon ocean entry.

Berejikian, Barry A. [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service

2009-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

125

Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project : Strobe Light Deterrent Efficacy Test and Fish Behavior Determination at Grond Coulee Dam Third Powerplant Forebay.  

SciTech Connect

Since 1995, the Colville Confederated Tribes have managed the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project as part of the Northwest Power Planning Council's (NWPPC) Fish and Wildlife Program. Project objectives have focused on understanding natural production of kokanee (a land-locked sockeye salmon) and other fish stocks in the area above Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph Dams on the Columbia River. A 42-month investigation concluded that entrainment at Grand Coulee Dam ranged from 211,685 to 576,676 fish annually. Further analysis revealed that 85% of the total entrainment occurred at the dam's third powerplant. These numbers represent a significant loss to the tribal fisheries upstream of the dam. In response to a suggestion by the NWPPC's Independent Scientific Review Panel, the scope of work for the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project was expanded to include a multiyear pilot test of a strobe light system to help mitigate fish entrainment. This report details the work conducted during the first year of the study by researchers of the Colville Confederated Tribes in collaboration with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The objective of the study was to determine the efficacy of a prototype strobe light system to elicit a negative phototactic response in kokanee and rainbow trout. Analysis of the effect of strobe lights on the distribution (numbers) and behavior of kokanee and rainbow trout was based on 51, 683 fish targets detected during the study period (June 30 through August 1, 2001). Study findings include the following: (1) Analysis of the count data indicated that significantly more fish were present when the lights were on compared to off. This was true for both the 24-hr tests as well as the 1-hr tests. Powerplant discharge, distance from lights, and date were significant factors in the analysis. (2) Behavioral results indicated that fish within 14 m of the lights were trying to avoid the lights by swimming across the lighted region or upstream. Fish were also swimming faster and straighter when the lights were on compared to off. (3) The behavioral results were most pronounced for medium- and large-sized fish at night. Medium-sized fish, based on acoustic target strength, were similar to the size of kokanee and rainbow trout released upstream of Grand Coulee Dam. Based on this study and general review of strobe lights, the researchers recommend several modifications and enhancements to the follow-on study in 2002. The recommendations include: (1) modifying the study design to include only the 24-hr on/off treatments, and controlling the discharge at the third powerplant, so it can be included as a design variable; and (2) providing additional data by beginning the study earlier (mid-May) to better capture the kokanee population, deploying an additional splitbeam transducer to sample the region close to the lights, and increasing the number of lights to provide better definition of the lit and unlit region.

Simmons, M.A.; McKinstry, C.A.; Simmons, C.S.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project; Strobe Light Deterrent Efficacy Test and Fish Behavior Determination at the Grand Coulee Dam Third Powerplant Forebay, 2003-2004 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Since 1995, the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (Colville Confederated Tribes) have managed the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project as part of the Northwest Power Planning Council (NWPPC) Fish and Wildlife Program. Project objectives have focused on understanding natural production of kokanee (a land-locked sockeye salmon) and other fish stocks in the area above Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph Dams on the Columbia River. A 42-month investigation from 1996 to 1999 determined that from 211,685 to 576,676 fish were entrained annually at Grand Coulee Dam. Analysis of the entrainment data found that 85% of the total entrainment occurred at the dam's third powerplant. These numbers represent a significant loss to the tribal fisheries upstream of the dam. In response to a suggestion by the NWPPC Independent Scientific Review Panel, the scope of work for the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project was expanded to include a multiyear pilot test of a strobe light system to help mitigate fish entrainment. This report details the work conducted during the third year of the strobe light study by researchers of the Colville Confederated Tribes in collaboration with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The objective of the study is to determine the efficacy of a prototype strobe light system to elicit a negative phototactic response in kokanee and rainbow trout under field conditions. The prototype system consists of six strobe lights affixed to an aluminum frame suspended 15 m vertically underwater from a barge secured in the center of the entrance to the third powerplant forebay. The lights, controlled by a computer, illuminate a region directly upstream of the barge. The 2003 study period extended from June 16 through August 1. Three light treatments were used: all six lights on for 24 hours, all lights off for 24 hours, and three of six lights cycled on and off every hour for 24 hours. These three treatment conditions were assigned randomly within a 3-day block throughout the study period. Hydroacoustic technology was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the strobe lights in eliciting a negative phototactic response in fish. The hydroacoustic system in 2003 comprised seven splitbeam transducers arrayed in front of the strobe lights, two multibeam transducers behind the lights, and a mobile splitbeam system. The seven splitbeam transducers were deployed so they tracked fish entering and within the region illuminated by the strobe lights. These transducers were spaced approximately 4 m apart on an aluminum frame floating upstream of the barge and looked vertically downward. The multibeam transducers monitored the distribution of fish directly behind and to both sides of the lights, while the mobile splitbeam system looked at the distribution of fish within the third powerplant forebay. To augment the hydroacoustic data, additional studies were conducted. The hydrodynamic characteristics of the third powerplant forebay were measured, and acoustically tagged juvenile kokanee were released upstream of the strobe lights and tracked within the forebay and downstream of the dam. Analysis of the effect of strobe lights on kokanee and rainbow trout focused on the number of fish detected in each of the areas covered by one of the downlooking transducers, the timing of fish arrivals after the status of the strobe lights changed, fish swimming effort (detected velocity minus flow velocity), and fish swimming direction. Water velocity measurements were used to determine fish swimming effort. The tracking of tagged kokanee provided data on fish movements into and out of the third powerplant forebay, including entrainment.

Simmons, M.; McKinstry, C.; Cook, C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Funding Sustainable Initiatives: Should Williams Implement a Revolving Loan Fund?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to replace its incandescent light bulbs with more efficient compact fluorescent (CFL) light bulbs. These light bulbs use 2/3 less energy than #12;Terra 4 standard incandescent bulbs, but they are more

Aalberts, Daniel P.

128

Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and solar panels. 17. Key Words Solar Energy, Light Emitting Diodes (LED), Intersections, Incandescent Bulbs to power our traffic signals as well as switching the traditional incandescent bulbs to LED. Since the city

130

Zinc Oxide and Nitride Nanowire Based Light Emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lumens/W, the LED beats the incandescent bulb and is on thefor an LED as opposed to an incandescent light bulb as shownbulb, fluorescent lamp, and blue light emitting diode. (24) (25) 2.2 LED

Lai, Elaine Michelle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

b39.pdf  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Buildings All Lit Buildings Energy Information Administration 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey: Building Characteristics Tables 121 Incandescent Standard...

132

Fabrication of Emissible Metallic Layer-by-Layer Photonic ...  

Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a method for increasing the efficiency of conventional incandescent light bulbs.

133

Ames Laboratory Technology Marketing Summaries - Energy ...  

Innovative microstructures that can direct light in a manner similar to the way semiconductors can ... the efficiency of conventional incandescent ...

134

NIST Light Source Illuminates Fusion Power Diagnostics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Their measurement tool also is used in incandescent light bulbsit's the element tungsten. Published with permission of ITER. ...

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

135

1997 Glossary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

All types of light bulbs are included: incandescent, fluorescent, compact fluorescent, halogen, and high-intensity-discharge (HID). (See Appliances ...

136

Energy efficiency improvement and cost saving opportunities for the Corn Wet Milling Industry: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficiency motors Lighting Controls Replace metal halide HID with high-intensity Daylighting fluorescents Replace incandescent with fluorescent or CFL

Galitsky, Christina; Worrell, Ernst; Ruth, Michael

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

After-hours power status of office equipment and energy use of miscellaneous plug-load equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industrial refrigerator, S freezer incandescent tracklight, 50 lamps each phone/PBX centrex system coffee maker, residential model microwave oven

Roberson, Judy A.; Webber, Carrie A.; McWhinney, Marla C.; Brown, Richard E.; Pinckard, Margaret; Busch, John F.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Acting Globally: Potential Carbon Emissions Mitigation Impacts from an International Standards and Labelling Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

air conditioning, lighting, standby power, televisions,fluorescent and incandescent), standby power (for consumerair conditioners, televisions and standby power; commercial

Letschert, Virginie E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Energy Conversion: Solid-State Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and global climate change. Historically, electric light bulbs have been of the incandescent type. Although this technology was developed more than 100 years ago, it is still in use today. Incandescent light bulbs operate, which allows the bulb to operate at a higher temperature. However, the efficiency of incandescent light

140

Mentoring New Visions Students Design Lab Sustainability Team  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to power our traffic signals as well as switching the traditional incandescent bulbs to LED. Since the city and solar panels. 17. Key Words Solar Energy, Light Emitting Diodes (LED), Intersections, Incandescent Bulbs to power our traffic signals as well as switching the traditional incandescent bulbs to LED. Since the city

Linhardt, Robert J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Hurdling barriers through market uncertainty: Case studies in innovative technology adoption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4.5-watt LED lamps replacing the incandescent bulbs. The LEDwatt incandescent bulbs to 4.5 watt LEDs will save 55 kW xLED lamps were compatible with the existing framework of lamp operation they could be used in the same way the incandescent bulbs

Payne, Christopher T.; Radspieler Jr., Anthony; Payne, Jack

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Energy-Efficient, High-Color-Rendering LED Lamps Using Oxyfluoride and Fluoride Phosphors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

LED lamps using phosphor downconversion can be designed to replace incandescent or halogen sources with a 'warm-white' correlated color temperature (CCT) of 2700-3200 K and a color rendering index (CRI) greater than 90. However, these lamps have efficacies of {approx}70% of standard 'cool-white' LED packages (CCT = 4500-6000 K; CRI = 75-80). In this report, we describe structural and luminescence properties of fluoride and oxyfluoride phosphors, specifically a (Sr,Ca){sub 3}(Al,Si)O{sub 4}(F,O):Ce{sup 3+} yellow-green phosphor and a K{sub 2}TiF{sub 6}:Mn{sup 4+} red phosphor, that can reduce this gap and therefore meet the spectral and efficiency requirements for high-efficacy LED lighting. LED lamps with a warm-white color temperature (3088 K), high CRI (90), and an efficacy of {approx}82 lm/W are demonstrated using these phosphors. This efficacy is {approx}85% of comparable cool-white lamps using typical Y{sub 3}Al{sub 5}O{sub 12}:Ce{sup 3+}-based phosphors, significantly reducing the efficacy gap between warm-white and cool-white LED lamps that use phosphor downconversion.

Setlur, A.; Radkov, E; Henderson, C; Her, J; Srivastava, A; Karkada, N; Kishore, M; Kumar, N; Aesram, D; et al.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

DOE Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research | OSTI,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research Light-emitting diode (LED) lighting is a type of solid-state lighting that uses a semiconductor to convert electricity to light. LED lighting products are beginning to appear in a wide variety of home, business, and industrial products such as holiday lighting, replacement bulbs for incandescent lamps, street lighting, outdoor area lighting and indoor ambient lighting. Over the past decade, LED technology research and development supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has yielded impressive improvements in the cost, color performance, light output, efficacy, reliability, lifetime, and manufacturability of LED products and this upward trend is expected to continue. Read about the latest DOE research, the technology behind LEDs,

144

Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Basics Lighting Basics Lighting Basics August 15, 2013 - 5:12pm Addthis Text Version There are many different types of artificial lights, all of which have different applications and uses. Types of lighting include: Fluorescent Lighting High-intensity Discharge Lighting Incandescent Lighting LED Lighting Low-pressure Sodium Lighting. Which type is best depends on the application. See the chart below for a comparison of lighting types. Lighting Comparison Chart Lighting Type Efficacy (lumens/watt) Lifetime (hours) Color Rendition Index (CRI) Color Temperature (K) Indoors/Outdoors Fluorescent Straight Tube 30-110 7000-24,000 50-90 (fair to good) 2700-6500 (warm to cold) Indoors/outdoors Compact Fluorescent 50-70 10,000 65-88 (good) 2700-6500 (warm to cold) Indoors/outdoors

145

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS SREQUEST BY CREE, INC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SREQUEST BY CREE, INC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND SREQUEST BY CREE, INC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC26-03NT41943; W(A)-03-051, CH-1170 The Petitioner, Cree, Inc., (Cree) was awarded this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "High Efficiency LED Lamp for Solid State Lighting." The purpose of the cooperative agreement is to develop the technology, fabrication processes, and prototypes to demonstrate solid-state lamps based on GaN semiconductor LEDs that are viable replacements for energy inefficient incandescent lighting solutions. The ultimate goal of the program is to deliver to the Department of Energy solid-state lamp prototypes that produce 1000 Im of white flux at an efficacy of 1001m/w, with the potential of improvement to 150 Im/W beyond the time frame of the

146

High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics August 15, 2013 - 5:59pm Addthis High-intensity discharge (HID) lighting provides the highest efficacy and longest service life of any lighting type. It can save 75%-90% of lighting energy when it replaces incandescent lighting. Illustration of a high-intensity discharge (HID) lIllustration amp. The lamp is a tall cylindrical shape, and a cutout of the outer tube shows the materials inside. A long, thin cylinder called the arc tube runs through the lamp between two electrodes. The space around the arc tube is labeled as a vacuum. In a high-intensity discharge lamp, electricity arcs between two electrodes, creating an intensely bright light. Mercury, sodium, or metal halide gas

147

Compact Fluorescent Plug-In Ballast-in-a-Socket  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary goal of this program was to develop a ballast system for plug-in CFLs (compact fluorescent lamps) that will directly replace standard metal shell, medium base incandescent lampholders (such as Levition No. 6098) for use with portable lamp fixtures, such as floor, table and desk lamps. A secondary goal was to identify a plug-in CFL that is optimized for use with this ballast. This Plug-in CFL Ballastin-a-Socket system will allow fixture manufacturers to easily manufacture CFL-based high-efficacy portable fixtures that provide residential and commercial consumers with attractive, cost-effective, and energy-efficient fixtures for use wherever portable incandescent fixtures are used today. The advantages of this proposed system over existing CFL solutions are that the fixtures can only be used with high-efficacy CFLs, and they will be more attractive and will have lower life-cycle costs than screw-in or adapter-based CFL retrofit solutions. These features should greatly increase the penetration of CFL's into the North American market. Our work has shown that using integrated circuits it is quite feasible to produce a lamp-fixture ballast of a size comparable to the current Edison-screw 3-way incandescent fixtures. As for price points for BIAS-based fixtures, end-users polled by the Lighting Research Institute at RPI indicated that they would pay as much as an additional $10 for a lamp containing such a ballast. The ballast has been optimized to run with a 26 W amalgam triple biax lamp in the base-down position, yet can accept non-amalgam versions of the lamp. With a few part alterations, the ballast can be produced to support 32 W lamps as well. The ballast uses GE's existing L-Comp[1] power topology in the circuit so that the integrated circuit design would be a design that could possibly be used by other CFL and EFL products with minor modifications. This gives added value by reducing cost and size of not only the BIAS, but also possibly other integral CFL and future dimmable integral and plug-in versions of the EFL products.

Rebecca Voelker

2001-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

148

Photocatalytic Efficacy of 1-Dimensional Nanocomposite Electrode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Solid State Thermoelectric Power Generator Prototype Designed to Recover Radiant Waste Heat ... An Overview of Energy Consumption and Waste Generation in the Recovery ... Global Primary Aluminium Industry 2010 Life Cycle Inventory.

149

Biphasic Dose-efficacy in Antiangiogenic Therapy.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Antiangiogenic Therapy. Judah Folkman, M.D., Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Vascular Biology Program, Karp Family Research Laboratories, 12.129, 300...

150

The risks and efficacy of solar geoengineering  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solar geoengineering may enable a significant reduction in climate risks by partially offsetting climate change due to increasing greenhouse gases, however this emerging technology entails novel risks and uncertainties along with serious challenges to global governance. I will attempt a rough summary of the physics of solar geoengineering and present recent findings regarding (a) the climate's response to radiative forcing by stratospheric aerosols, (b) methods of producing appropriate aerosol distributions, and (c) risks. In closing I will discuss the trade-off between solar geoengineering, emissions reductions and adaptation in climate policy.

Keith, David [Harvard University

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

151

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.6 Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

9 9 Typical Efficacies and Lifetimes of Lamps (1) Current Technology CRI (2) Incandescent 10 - 19 97 Halogen 14 - 20 99 Fluorescent - T5 25 - 55 52 - 75 Fluorescent - T8 35 - 87 7,500 - 20,000 52 - 90 Fluorescent - T12 35 - 92 7,500 - 20,000 50 - 92 Compact Fluorescent 40 - 70 82 Mercury Vapor 25 - 50 15 - 50 Metal Halide 65 - 70 High-Pressure Sodium 22 Low-Pressure Sodium 0 Solid State Lighting 33-97 Note(s): Source(s): 18 - 180 18,000 20 - 100 15,000 - 50,000 1) Theoretical maximum luminous efficacy of white light is 220 lumens/Watt. 2) CRI = Color Rendering Index, which indicates a lamp's ability to show natural colors. 3) The DOE Solid State Lighting program has set an efficacy goal twice that of fluorescent lights (160 lumen per Watt). DOE, EERE, Building Technology Program/Navigant Consulting, U.S. Lighting Market Characterization, Volume I: National Lighting Inventory and Energy

152

EA-1664: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Finding of No Significant Impact 4: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1664: Finding of No Significant Impact Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps The U.S. Department of Energy has determined that the adoption of energy conservation standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps as described in the final rule titled the "energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector lamps," would not be a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. Finding of No Significant Impact for 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent

153

EA-1664: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

64: Final Environmental Assessment 64: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1664: Final Environmental Assessment 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps The U.S. Department of Energy has determined that the adoption of energy conservation standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps as described in the final rule titled the "energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector lamps," would not be a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps,

154

EA-1911: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Lamps EA-1911: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector,...

155

Understanding Drooping Light Emitting Diodes CEEM | U.S. DOE...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Impact Understanding "droop" may result in cheaper, more efficient LEDs; LEDs are more energy efficient, smaller, and longer-lived than incandescent lamps or fluorescent...

156

Today in Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electric grid planners: demand response and energy efficiency to increase. March 23, 2011 Incandescent bulbs still play a role in the future of lighting. February 10 ...

157

Today in Energy - Archive - U.S. Energy Information Administration ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electric grid planners: demand response and energy efficiency to increase. March 23, 2011 Incandescent bulbs still play a role in the future of lighting. March 22, 2011

158

Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Thomas Alva Edison | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

cost-competitive incandescent lighting. 4. Back when the automobile was first introduced, electric cars outsold their internal combustion counterparts. Still, the lead-acid...

159

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

trends in residential space conditioning are affected byinto space heating, air conditioning, appliances, cookingSpace heating North Transition Ordinary efficient Highly efficient Incandescent Florescent CFL Air conditioning

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Today in Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Light bulb standards begin taking effect in 2012. November 28, 2011 ... Incandescent bulbs still play a role in the future of lighting. February 10, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the areas of efficiency, operating lifetime and the color quality of the emitted light," said Victor Klimov of Los Alamos. Incandescent bulbs, known for converting only 10...

162

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog Tennessee  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

home's energy efficiency. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) provide the same amount of light as incandescent bulbs but use about 75% less energy. CFLs fit into common household...

163

Bicycle Generator Lightbar Indicator ----- Inventors William...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Shana Weber (Princeton University) This invention is a series of incandescent light bulbs that progressively brighten in response to a bicycler's physical effort. By...

164

The Better Buildings Neighborhood View - December 10, 2013  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

traditional incandescent bulbs? Consider installing energy efficient compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) in your basement lighting fixtures. Light Neighborhood View to Become...

165

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

home's energy efficiency. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) provide the same amount of light as incandescent bulbs but use about 75% less energy. CFLs fit into common household...

166

Nanoscale engineering boosts performance of quantum dot light...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

provide many advantages over standard lighting technologies, such as incandescent bulbs, especially in the areas of efficiency, operating lifetime and the color quality of...

167

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog Blog Archive Technology...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

home's energy efficiency. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) provide the same amount of light as incandescent bulbs but use about 75% less energy. CFLs fit into common household...

168

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--End-Use Equipment  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Energy Consumption Survey Lighting Equipment Standard fluorescent and incandescent light bulbs were the most widely used types of lighting equipment (Figure 3). The vast...

169

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for bathrooms of 42 residences. These retrofits would involve upgrading incandescent light fixtures to those that will accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs. It is estimated...

170

Expediting Home Energy Conservation through Innovative Marketing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lives to address these issues. Besides driving a hybrid car and replacing incandescent light bulbs, many consumers find the options to improve the sustainability of their...

171

Have You Seen the Light? Nearly 1 Million Take Pledge to Make...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

accounts for about 20 percent of a home's electricity use. ENERGY STAR qualified light bulbs and fixtures use about 75 percent less energy than standard incandescent...

172

It's Elemental - The Element Tungsten  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

melting point of all metallic elements and is used to make filaments for incandescent light bulbs, fluorescent light bulbs and television tubes. Tungsten expands at nearly the...

173

Improved Photometric Standards and Calibration Procedures ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... from the external source is incident at 45 while the light from the ... A group of twelve 40 W opal-bulb incandescent lamps, operated at ...

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

174

Scanning Electron Microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Bob Gordon of Hitachi explains that the electrons are produced by a tungsten filament, just like in an incandescent light bulb, but since the sample ...

2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

175

New Player in Electron Field Emitter Technology Makes for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Thermionic sources use an electric current to boil electrons off the surface of a wire filament, similar to the way an incandescent light bulb uses an ...

2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

176

Technical Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ity of replacing conventional incandescent bulbs and fluorescent lights with LED ... and exciting light sources as a commercial product with a high output.

177

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

incentive program for citizens to exchange incandescent bulbs for compact fluorescent or light-emitting diode bulbs. Conditions: None Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: A1, A9,...

178

CX-009174: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

incentive program for citizens to exchange incandescent bulbs for compact fluorescent or light-emitting diode bulbs. CX-009174.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-008898:...

179

Advanced Mailer - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 19, 2005 ... subsurface damage were evaluated by white light interferometery, ...... standard incandescent bulbs (~15 lm/W) and is similar to the very best...

180

Today in Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Light bulb standards begin taking effect in 2012. November 28, 2011 ... Incandescent bulbs still play a role in the future of lighting. March 15, 2011

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Today in Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Light bulb standards begin taking effect in 2012. March 23, 2011 Incandescent bulbs still play a role in the future of lighting.

182

Glossary - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Compact fluorescent bulbs: ... Many screw into a standard light socket, and most produce a similar color of light as a standard incandescent bulb.

183

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

These energy efficiency retrofits would include: (1) installation of compact fluorescent light bulbs, which use 75 percent less energy and last ten times longer than incandescent...

184

EPA_T1542_SECTOR_HigherEdA  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

bulb swap in the residence halls and replaced 400 incandescents with compact fluorescent light bulbs. When talking to colleges and universities about energy efficiency, it is...

185

Residential Energy Consumption Survey-Glossary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This definition includes appliances and lights used in the home during the year, including ... All types of light bulbs are included: incandescent, ...

186

SSL Roadmap  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

new jobs. For the most part, LEDs will displace point sources such as incandescent lamps (light- bulbs), while OLEDs will displace area sources such as fluorescent lamps. OLEDs...

187

Laser Extinction in Laminar Inverse Diffusion Flames  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diagnostics, Chapter 9: Laser-Induced Incandescence,Laser Extinction in Laminar Inverse Diffusion Flames WesternFoundation, Arlington, VA Laser Extinction in Laminar

Macko, Kevin; Mikofski, Mark A; Fernandez-Pello, Carlos; Blevins, Linda G; Davis, Ronald W.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Today in Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Extension and expansion of efficiency programs could reduce U.S. total energy usage. June 6, 2012 ... Incandescent bulbs still play a role in the future of lighting.

189

An LED to Read By - Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Apr 27, 2009 ... LEDs convert 20 to 50 percent of their input energy into light. In contrast, a traditional incandescent bulb converts only about five percent of...

190

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Oportunities for the Concrete Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CEE Consortium for Energy Efficiency CFL Compact fluorescentEfficiency Measures Lighting Turning off lights in unoccupied areas Lighting level standards Lighting controls Daylighting Replace incandescent with CFL

Kermeli, Katerina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Lighting Market Sourcebook for the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

direct rebates for CFL users, efficiency efforts shouldCFL produces three to four times more lumens per watt than an incandescent A-lamp; efficiency

Vorsatz, D.; Shown, L.; Koomey, J.; Moezzi, M.; Denver, A.; Atkinson, B.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Lighting Choices - White Background | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

All of these lightbulbs-CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving incandescents-meet the new energy standards that take effect from 2012-2014. allbulbshiresweb.eps...

193

Lighting Group: Light Distribution Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retrofit Alternatives to Incandescent Downlights Hotel and Institutional Bathroom Lighting Portable Office Lighting Systems Low Glare Outdoor Retrofit Luminaire LED Luminaires...

194

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

lighting retrofits at community facilities. Retrofits would consist of changing out fixtures to accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs instead of relying on incandescent bulbs....

195

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

providing lighting retrofits for as many residences and community facilities as the funding permits. Residences for the retrofits will be selected based on need. Incandescent bulbs...

196

Energy Tricks Lead to Cost-Saving Treats | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

replaced traditional incandescent street lights with brighter, longer-lasting light-emitting diode (LED) lights. Obviously, it's not just once a year that municipalities are...

197

#CleanTechNow: America's Clean Energy Revolution | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

they did 30 years ago -- and deployment is skyrocketing. LED Lighting: LED (light-emitting diode) lights are about 80 percent more efficient than traditional incandescent light...

198

Types of Lighting | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

selection. Types of lighting include: Fluorescent Incandescent Outdoor solar Light-emitting diode (LED) Also learn how energy-efficient lightbulbs compare to traditional...

199

Fourteenth Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering Society of North America IRL - Incandescent Reflector Lamp LED - Light-Emitting Diode MEF- Modified Energy Factor MV - Medium Voltage NEMA - National Electrical...

200

CX-000135: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

involve changing the Tribe's street lights from incandescent bulbs to LED (light-emitting diode) lighting fixtures. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-000135.pdf More...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Source  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

of incandescent bulbs with more efficient compact fluorescent lighting and light-emitting diode (LED) lamps. Among electric end-use services in the residential sector,...

202

Stadiums and arenas use efficient, high wattage lamps - Today ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Other lighting types, such as light-emitting diode (LED), incandescent, and halogen lamps, are used in applications like signals, signage, ...

203

2010 Report to Congresss -- Implementation Report: Energy Conservation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Society of North America (or IESNA) IRL - Incandescent Reflector Lamp LED - Light-Emitting Diode NIA - National Impact Analysis NODA - Notice of Data Availability NOPD - Notice...

204

CX-006426: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Conservation Strategy, 2) replace incandescent traffic lights with light emitting diode (LED) traffic signals, 3) Energy Smart Homes Grant Program (financial incentive...

205

CX-004962: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

halide light fixtures in the City Hall and Community Center parking lots with light-emitting diode (LED) light fixtures; and 3) replace incandescent light bulbs on traffic...

206

CX-007832: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. Upgrade incandescent bulbs to light-emitting diode bulbs at City Hall and Community Center. U.S. Department of Energy NEPA...

207

2010 Aug Report to Congress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electrotechnical Commission IRL - Incandescent Reflector Lamp LED - Light-Emitting Diode NODA - Notice of Data Availability NOPD - Notice of Proposed Determination NOPM...

208

Driver Circuit for White LED Lamps with TRIAC Dimming Control.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An efficient Light Emitting Diode (LED) lamp driver circuit is proposed for retrofitting the conventionally used incandescent lamps with existing TRIAC dimmer. The dimming feature (more)

Weng, Szu-Jung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Edison vs. Tesla: Toasting a Rivalry That Drove Innovation |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the history one of Thomas Edison's most important inventions -- the incandescent light bulb -- in our new interactive timeline. And test your knowledge of these two important...

210

Ames Laboratory Technology Marketing Summaries - Energy ...  

Innovative microstructures that can direct light in a manner similar to the way semiconductors can ... the efficiency of conventional incandescent light bulbs.

211

The Many Applications of Refractory Metals - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From medical imaging to the classic incandescent light bulb, refractory metals are critical in the most high-tech, demanding applications to common everyday...

212

Gary Rozak  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 10, 2012 ... From medical imaging to the classic incandescent light bulb, refractory metals are critical in the most high-tech, demanding applications to...

213

Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Thomas Alva Edison | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-- pioneered improvements to a variety of inventions, including the incandescent light bulb. 6. Edison left a profound impact on the nation's energy sector. Beyond inventing a...

214

CX-002177: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

incandescent traffic signal heads and pedestrian displays to energy efficient light-emitting diode displays; and 3) improve traffic signal system operations and efficiency by...

215

NIST Goniophotometer for specular gloss calibrations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The light source is a quartz-tungsten-halogen incandescent lamp rated at ... instrument but also to a considerable extent on the primary gloss standard ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

216

Report to Congress on Appliance Energy Efficiency Rulemakings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

discussed above). The seven products that have two backlogged standards cycles are direct heating equipment, pool heaters, mobile home furnaces, fluorescent lamps, incandescent...

217

10-04-2010 CA-B-10-0154  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

incandescence sensor to measure black carbon (BC) and brown carbon (BrC) organic aerosols and their optical and chemical characteristics. Fabrication and laboratory testing...

218

Light emitting polymers on flexible substrates for Naval firefighting applications .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Display technologies in the current market range from the simple and cheap incandescent bulb behind a graphic overlay to the upwardly expensive flat panel high (more)

Brisar, Jon David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General Service Fluorescent and Incandescent Reflector Lamps Energy Conservation Standard Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of...

220

Teacher Efficacy Beliefs:Understanding the Relationship Between Efficacy and Achievement in Urban Elementary Schools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it multidimensional? To answer Key Question 2, the averagelearning. In order to answer key question two, the averageteachers. In order to answer key question three, a variety

Harris, Margaret

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.6 Efficiency Standards for Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Efficiency Standards for Incandescent Reflector Lamps (1) Effective for lamps manufactured after November 1, 1995 and before July 14, 2012 Minimum Nominal Average Lamp Lamp Wattage Efficacy (lm/W) 40-50 10.5 51-66 11.0 67-85 12.5 86-115 14.0 116-155 14.5 156-205 15.0 Effective for lamps manufactured on or after July 14, 2012 Minimum Rated Lamp Rated Average Lamp Lamp Wattage Lamp Spectrum Diameter (in) Voltage (V) Efficacy (lm/W) (2) 40-205 Standard Spectrum >2.5 ≥125 6.8*P^0.27 40-205 Standard Spectrum >2.5 <125 5.9*P^0.27 40-205 Standard Spectrum ≤2.5 ≥125 5.7*P^0.27 40-205 Standard Spectrum ≤2.5 <125 5.0*P^0.27 40-205 Modified Spectrum >2.5 ≥125 5.8*P^0.27 40-205 Modified Spectrum >2.5 <125 5.0*P^0.27 40-205 Modified Spectrum ≤2.5 ≥125 4.9*P^0.27

222

By Stanley Micklavzina, Asher Tubman, and Frank Vignola for the Meyer Fund for Sustainable Development and the University of Oregon Department of Physics and the Solar Radiation Monitoring Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) of light on the PV cell output current. To answer the question of why fluorescent bulbs are more voltmeter 2 Lamps Light Filters 60W Incandescent Bulb Compact Fluorescent Bulb (13W Comparable light of wavelength (color) of light on the output of a solar cell. Using an incandescent light bulb, the current

Oregon, University of

223

2009 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University 2901-9004 Virginia Cooperative Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, o  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

return on your investment when you replace your most frequently used incandescent light bulbs with CFLS and living rooms and kitchen. It is estimated that if every household in the U.S. changed just one light bulb" Light Bulbs Work? Incandescent bulbs or "regular" bulbs consist of finely coiled wire filaments

Liskiewicz, Maciej

224

Deep cuts in household greenhouse gas emissions Andrew Blakers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an electric light bulb with a power of 100 W for 10 hours then 1,000 watt-hours, or 1 kilowatt hour (k simple measure! 2. Incandescent light bulbs will be phased out over the next few years, but if you do frequently used incandescent light fittings with compact fluorescent lights will reduce your lighting bill

225

Energy-Efficient Lighting The typical American family spends more  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) saves you money in the long run with lower energy bills. CFLs are significant Typical incandescent 75-watt light bulb Compact Fluorescent 18-watt light bulb Purchase cost $0.60 $ 5 that incandescent bulbs use becomes heat while only 10 percent becomes light. CFLs create less heat because more

226

Green Office Certificate Program (GOCP) Glossary Autoclave: Device to sterilize equipment and supplies by subjecting them to high  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to produce the renewable energy source. Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs): Energy-saving light bulbs, which last longer and use far less energy than traditional (or incandescent) light bulbs for the same level and the environment. Incandescent lamps: (Light bulbs) create light by running electricity through a thin filament

Yamamoto, Keith

227

Molecular Physics, Vol. 104, Nos. 57, 10 March10 April 2006, 943955 Excited state intramolecular proton transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the section "How are LCD Panels Driven?". FIGURE 9: CONTRAST vs. RMS VOLTAGE 100% 90% 10% VOFF VTH VON VRMS of surface on the back of the display requires 2 to 3 watts. FIGURE 10: RESPONSE vs.TEMPERATURE 300 Time LCD panels, such as, incandescent lamps, LEDs, and electrolumi- nescent lamps. Incandescent lamps

Minnesota, University of

228

THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO SEARCH FOR THE RARE DECAY K0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Type=G41 Approx. $9.37 LED Bulb 40 Lumen equivalent (Sylvania) Lowe's or Home Depot Approx. $22.00 each spectrum with different light sources; compact fluorescent, LED, incandescent. 5. Discuss light bulb. Observe difference of color spectrum with different light sources; compact fluorescent, LED, incandescent

229

Lighting Retrofit Workbook A PRACTICAL"HOW TO" GUIDE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

comparison for incandescent, CFL, and LED exit signs Source Type Incandescent CFL LED Power 40 watts 10/year based on a comparison of a 40 W A-lamp, a 15 W CFL, and a 5W LED, 24 hours per day, 365 days a year output, etc. · Reduced maintenance and labor costs Improvements in lighting technologies have led

Diamond, Richard

230

Electrical modulation of emissivity S. Vassant,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, it is difficult to develop an efficient light emitting diode because the spontaneous emission rate is proportional emitting diodes. Yet, incandescent sources are often the only option in the infrared (IR). Indeed tens of Hz. Hence, for many applications, incandescent light sources can- not compete with light

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

231

Analysis of Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards for Residential General Service Lighting in Chile  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards (MEPS) have been chosen as part of Chile's national energy efficiency action plan. As a first MEPS, the Ministry of Energy has decided to focus on a regulation for lighting that would ban the sale of inefficient bulbs, effectively phasing out the use of incandescent lamps. Following major economies such as the US (EISA, 2007) , the EU (Ecodesign, 2009) and Australia (AS/NZS, 2008) who planned a phase out based on minimum efficacy requirements, the Ministry of Energy has undertaken the impact analysis of a MEPS on the residential lighting sector. Fundacion Chile (FC) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) collaborated with the Ministry of Energy and the National Energy Efficiency Program (Programa Pais de Eficiencia Energetica, or PPEE) in order to produce a techno-economic analysis of this future policy measure. LBNL has developed for CLASP (CLASP, 2007) a spreadsheet tool called the Policy Analysis Modeling System (PAMS) that allows for evaluation of costs and benefits at the consumer level but also a wide range of impacts at the national level, such as energy savings, net present value of savings, greenhouse gas (CO2) emission reductions and avoided capacity generation due to a specific policy. Because historically Chile has followed European schemes in energy efficiency programs (test procedures, labelling program definitions), we take the Ecodesign commission regulation No 244/2009 as a starting point when defining our phase out program, which means a tiered phase out based on minimum efficacy per lumen category. The following data were collected in order to perform the techno-economic analysis: (1) Retail prices, efficiency and wattage category in the current market, (2) Usage data (hours of lamp use per day), and (3) Stock data, penetration of efficient lamps in the market. Using these data, PAMS calculates the costs and benefits of efficiency standards from two distinct but related perspectives: (1) The Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) calculation examines costs and benefits from the perspective of the individual household; and (2) The National Perspective projects the total national costs and benefits including both financial benefits, and energy savings and environmental benefits. The national perspective calculations are called the National Energy Savings (NES) and the Net Present Value (NPV) calculations. PAMS also calculate total emission mitigation and avoided generation capacity. This paper describes the data and methodology used in PAMS and presents the results of the proposed phase out of incandescent bulbs in Chile.

Letschert, Virginie E.; McNeil, Michael A.; Leiva Ibanez, Francisco Humberto; Ruiz, Ana Maria; Pavon, Mariana; Hall, Stephen

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

The Efficacy of Aerial Search During the Battle of Midway  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Battle of Midway (June 4-6, 1942) is considered one of the pivotal naval encounters of the Second World War. The battle has been examined in detail within both popular and scholarly literature, and a common opinion found in virtually all of these ... Keywords: Aerial Search, Battle of Midway, Monte Carlo Simulation, Viewsheds, World War II

Denis J. Dean

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

When Crime Pays: Measuring Judicial Efficacy against Corruption in Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent econometric modeling of crime and punishment: supportEssays in the Economics of Crime and Punishment, p. 68-134,M . (2006). Economics of Crime. Foundations and Trends in

Ribeiro de Alencar, Carlos Higino; Gico, Ivo Jr.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Understanding the efficacy of deployed internet source address validation filtering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

IP source address forgery, or "spoofing," is a long-recognized consequence of the Internet's lack of packet-level authenticity. Despite historical precedent and filtering and tracing efforts, attackers continue to utilize spoofing for anonymity, indirection, ... Keywords: filtering, ip spoofing, source address validation

Robert Beverly; Arthur Berger; Young Hyun; k claffy

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

The efficacy of human post-editing for language translation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Language translation is slow and expensive, so various forms of machine assistance have been devised. Automatic machine translation systems process text quickly and cheaply, but with quality far below that of skilled human translators. To bridge this ... Keywords: experiment, language translation, modeling, post-editing

Spence Green; Jeffrey Heer; Christopher D. Manning

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Influence of dietary composition on coccidiosis vaccination efficacy in broilers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research program included a series of experiments to investigate the effect of starter diet protein level on the performance of broilers vaccinated with Coccivac®-B and subsequently challenged with a mixed species Eimeria challenge compared to nonvaccinated broilers. Pre-challenge performance data indicates that vaccination may decrease body weights and increase feed conversion ratio (FCR) with vaccination. The time period associated with the observed effects is between 13 to 17 d of age. This reduction in performance of vaccinated broilers versus non-vaccinated broilers was eliminated by the conclusion of the experiments (27 d) in the higher protein diets. Vaccination was effective at generating protective immunity against the Eimeria challenge evidenced by significantly increased body weight gains, improved feed conversions, reduced post-challenge mortality, and reduced lesion development in vaccinated broilers compared to non-vaccinated. The final experiment included the comparison of Coccivac®-B to Bio-Cox® (salinomycin) for controlling field strain Eimeria in broilers reared on two different dietary rations varying in protein concentration. Diet A had a lower protein concentration than Diet B. On day 14, Eimeria collected from commercial broiler farms in Texas were spray applied to the litter in all pens. Broilers reared on Diet B were heavier at Day 40 while body weights at day 50 were similar for all groups. Broilers fed Diet B had lower FCR during the starter and finisher diets. Broilers fed salinomycin had lower FCR for the starter and grower diets while vaccinated broilers had lower FCR during the withdrawal period. Cumulative FCR for the entire grow out period were similar for all groups. These data indicate that vaccination can be utilized as an anticoccidial preventive and are suggestive that reduced protein concentration of starter diets can lead to significant losses in broiler performance when utilizing a vaccination program to prevent coccidiosis. Feeding an appropriately formulated diet while vaccinating broilers with Coccivac®-B as an alternative to the use of salinomycin yields at least equivalent if not elevated performance in the presence of field-strain Eimeria during grow-out with no effect on the cost of production.

Lee, Jason Thomas

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Density dependence and the economic efficacy of marine reserves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al (2008a) Northeast arctic cod population persistence inet al (2008b) Northeast arctic cod population persistence inpotential in Atlantic cod Gadus morhua. Mar Ecol Prog Ser

White, Crow

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Very high efficacy electrodeless high intensity discharge lamps  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrodeless arc lamp comprises an outer jacket hermetically sealing and thermally protecting an arc tube inside which has an upwardly convex bottom center section. The absence of chemically reactive electrode material makes it possible to use metal halides other than iodides. The tube contains chlorides, bromides or a mixture thereof of scandium and sodium in a nearly equimolar relationship in addition to mercury and an inert gas. Good color balance can be obtained at reduced reservoir temperature and with less power loss. Reduction in wall temperature makes it possible to attain longer lamp life.

Johnson, P.D.

1985-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

239

217_03 Safety and Efficacy of CLA.pdf  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AOCS Press, Urbana, IL 61802 2007 by AOCS Press. All rights reserved. No part of this PDF may be repro-

240

Devastated crops: multifunctional efficacy for the production of nanoparticles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Integration of green chemistry principles to nanotechnology is one of the key issues in nanoscience research. Biological methods were used to synthesize metal and metal oxide nanoparticles of specific shape and size since they enhance the properties ...

G. Madhumitha, Selvaraj Mohana Roopan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Toward a Pluralistic Theory on Efficacious Patent Institution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for creation and disclosure of the invention, but furtherthe invention may also be prevented if the disclosure itself

Lee, Nari

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

When Crime Pays: Measuring Judicial Efficacy against Corruption in Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Federal Police, the Internal Revenue Service, the Nationalas taxes auditors (Internal Revenue Service), the financialAttorney Inspector of Internal Revenue Service Diplomat,

Ribeiro de Alencar, Carlos Higino; Gico, Ivo Jr.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Efficacy of Vegetated Buffer Strips for Retaining Cryptosporidium parvum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Cryptosporidium parvum in sandy porous media (soils andwith grass, filled with a sandy loam soil, spiked with 200 gwith grass, filled with a sandy loam soil, spiked with 200 g

Tate, Kenneth W; Das Gracas C Pereira, Maria; Atwill, Edward R

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

EERE Roofus' Solar and Efficient Home: Lights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

by buying energy-saving light bulbs. I use these light bulbs to save energy in my solar house Most people have incandescent (IN-CAN-DE-SENT) light bulbs in their house. If...

245

ARM - Instrument - sp2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

aerosol particles by laser-induced incandescence down to concentrations as low as 10 ngm3. The SP2 is part of the Aerosol Observing System (AOS). See Also Contact(s) Stephen...

246

Untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residential Lighting Profile Residential Lighting Profile This section contains a basic profile of lighting use in residential households. It includes brief discussions about the characteristics and location of lights used in residential households, as well as descriptions of the amount of electricity used for lighting and variations in households' consumption of electricity for lighting. Types of Lights Dominance of Incandescent Lights The majority of light bulbs in residential households are incandescent. According to the RECS Survey, 453 million lights out of a total of 523 million used one or more hours per day are incandescent (87 percent).[8] The Lighting Supplement also estimates that 87 percent of residential lights used 15 minutes or more per day are incandescent. Fluorescent Lights of All Types

247

Untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Potential for Savings Potential for Savings Household-Level Savings Households in the U. S. contain a total of 523 million lights that are on 1 or more hours a day--282 million of these are on 4 or more hours a day. The majority of these lights are incandescent--88 percent of those on 1 to 4 hours and 85 percent of those on 4 or more hours. Given the greater efficiency of compact fluorescent lights, how much would households save if they replaced their incandescent lights with compact fluorescents? Replacing incandescent lights that are on for a short period of time with compact fluorescents is not very cost effective, because compact fluorescents cost so much more than incandescents (about 22 dollars compared to 75 cents). However, at longer periods of use, compact fluorescents do become cost effective, in spite of their high initial cost.

248

TVA - Energy Right Solutions for Business (North Carolina) |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CeramicPulse Start Metal Halide Replacing HID: 13-30fixture Custom Lighting and HVAC: 200summer peak kW reduced CFL Replacing Incandescent: 3-34fixture LED Replacing...

249

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and cooling system (<20 tons) for Fire Station 5; 5) retrofit lighting of city- owned parking garage; and 6) replace incandescent pedestrian-head assemblies with LED assemblies at...

250

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

EEBLBP3 91- 93 F-2b Percent standard incandescent bulb STBLBP3 95- 97 F-2c Percent energy efficient fluorescent EEFLRP3 99- 101 F-2d Percent standard fluorescent light...

251

Demand for Environmentally-Friendly Durables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dataset of weekly light bulb sales covering 210 stores in 13sales of incandescent light bulbs: sales of 100-watt bulbs5% of total light bulb sales; by 2006 CFL market share was

Martin, Leslie Aimee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Nanofermentation induced nanomaterials under non-reducible ...  

The U.S. is currently spending 18% of total U.S. electricity consumption for ... 2010). Some 98% of the energy input to incandescent bulbs ends up as heat instead of ...

253

Supporting the Next Generation of White Lighting Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

per watt, it will be possible to achieve a low- cost LED competitive with incandescent light bulbs. We think it will take a ten-year sustained R&D investment to reach 160 lumens...

254

Find cost-effective investments | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lamps and can save 10 per sign annually in electricity costs. Swap out incandescent light bulbs with ENERGY STAR certified CFLs or LEDs in your desk, task, and floor lamps....

255

Lighting Choices to Save You Money | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ten times longer than a comparable incandescent bulb that puts out the same amount of light. CFL bulbs are available in a range of light colors, including warm (white to...

256

Solid-State Lighting Issue 20: Selected Business & Technology...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

doses of light bright enough to mimic dawn, between 2,500 to 10,000 lux. This amount of light is unattainable by incandescent bulbs, and largely inconvenient with fluorescent...

257

BOWLING GREEN STATE UNIVERSITY Easy ways you can help reduce our  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

when they are not in use! Replace incandescent light bulbs with energy saving compact fluorescent consumption. Lighting: Use natural light instead of artificial light whenever possible. Turn off the lights

Moore, Paul A.

258

It's Elemental - The Element Argon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

used when an inert atmosphere is needed. It is used to fill incandescent and fluorescent light bulbs to prevent oxygen from corroding the hot filament. Argon is also used to form...

259

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4-epa-notice-availability-final-environmental-impact-statement Article The History of the Light Bulb From incandescent bulbs to fluorescents to LEDs, we're exploring the long...

260

"I'd Like to Check Out Two Books, One DVD, and One Electrical...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

colors, and others standard incandescent lights. I ask passersby to guess which string uses the least amount of energy and which uses the most. Think it's easy? Not so fast....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Energy Data Sourcebook for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy kWh/cycle Total Energy Annual Usage kWh/yr Motor +Energy kWh/cycle Total Energy Annual Usage kWb/yr Motortotal incandescent lighting energy consumption attributable to each usage

Wenzel, T.P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Energy Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Science & Innovation Energy Efficiency Energy Efficiency From the incandescent to CFLs to LEDs, we're exploring the long history of the light bulb and...

263

Untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Incandescent Fluorescent Other Hours Used Total Low Medium High Unknown Short Long Compact Halogen Other Unknown Total 4,196 431 2,811 409 14 159 173 34 24 141 Unknown 104 11...

264

Tailoring optical properties of light-emitting diodes by nanostructuring with nanospheres.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

???III-V nitride based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have experienced rapid developments during past decade, proving their potential to substitute conventional incandescent bulbs and fluorescent lamps to (more)

??

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Lighting: Past, Present and Future 2010 IEEE Lester Eastman Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Unlike incandescent bulbs, LEDs do not emit light in a full 360° radiation pattern. Instead, they emit that is quintessential to the research and development of LEDs. As LEDs move to dominance in the lighting market

Salama, Khaled

266

Estimate of Technical Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in practice current LED bulbs are generally no better thanof 100- lm/W LED general-purpose light bulbs is achievable,incandescent light bulbs. Although white LEDs can achieve

Letschert, Virginie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Demand for Environmentally-Friendly Durables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs). These bulbs are even more4 W LED for 15 W CFL replacing a 60 watt incandescent bulb),Diodes (LEDs). Characteristics of three generations of bulb

Martin, Leslie Aimee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Fluorescence Enhancement of White-Light Cadmium Selenide Nanocrystals.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Advances are being made in lighting technology, as incandescent and fluorescent light bulbs become less efficient compared to solid-state lighting devices, especially light-emitting diodes (LEDs). (more)

Rosson, Teresa Ellen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Use Patterns of LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis of Flashlight Ownership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with torches? Failure of: ? LEDs/Bulb [1] ? Battery [2] ?http://light.lbl.gov Component Bulb Type LED Incandescentto incandescent bulbs, and low-cost LEDs have achieved price

Tracy, Jennifer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Achieving Extreme Efficiency: How to get the job done when energy is extremely expensive and scarce  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

include light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs, organic LED (OLED)60W incandescent bulb, is a LED bulb that is now GeneralBy comparison, basic LED bulbs generally have efficiencies

Brown, Rich

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

DuraLamp USA: Order (2010-CE-0912)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered DuraLamp USA, Inc. to pay a $2,500 civil penalty after finding DuraLamp USA had failed to certify that model PAR 30, an incandescent reflector lamp, complies with the applicable energy conservation standards.

272

Lighting Choices - White Background | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

lightingallbulbs.jpg Description All of these lightbulbs-CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving incandescents-meet the new energy standards that take effect from 2012-2014....

273

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

go Blip in the Night Standby Power and how to Limit It.Electric Water Heaters Standby Power Induction Ranges GasMotors IncandescentLamps StandbyPower ElectricWater

McNeil, Michael A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Energy Basics: High-Intensity Discharge Lighting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and longest service life of any lighting type. It can save 75%-90% of lighting energy when it replaces incandescent lighting. HID lamps use an electric arc to produce...

275

Information Resources: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

incandescent lamps (e.g., A-lamps), and provided an update on ENERGY STAR criteria for LED integral replacement lamps - currently in its second draft. Robert Lingard of Pacific...

276

Microsoft Word - Korea Business Case with Appendix Final fixed...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for vehicles, a ban on sales of incandescent lights, and the promotion of light emitting diode (LED) lamps (UNEP 2010). Overall, this set of measures for the development and...

277

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ffing-analysis-instructions-blank-sheet-and-example-sheet Article The History of the Light Bulb From incandescent bulbs to fluorescents to LEDs, we're exploring the long history of...

278

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(2010-CE-1012) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with...

279

EPA_T1542D4488_SCTR_ResNewConst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and encouraged consumers to take the pledge to change at least one incandescent light bulb to an ENERGY STAR qualified CFL. Advanced techniques for sealing holes and cracks in...

280

NETL: Educational Initiatives  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with double-ended alligator clips 1 - 6 volt lantern battery 1 - 6 volt incandescent light bulb and bulb holder 1 - strip of cardboard 2 - electric conducting tin strips 1 -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-rebuilding-green-homes-after-disaster-revised-fact-sheet Article The History of the Light Bulb From incandescent bulbs to fluorescents to LEDs, we're exploring the long history of...

282

Compliance Certification Enforcement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(2010-CE-1012) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with...

283

LuminAR: Portable robotic augmented reality interface design and prototype  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce LuminAR: a prototype for a new portable and compact projector-camera system designed to use the traditional incandescent bulb interface as a power source, and a robotic desk lamp that carries it, ...

Linder, Natan

284

Design and implementation of a solar power system in rural Haiti  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the design and implementation of a solar power system for a school and health center in Petit-Anse, Haiti. The end-use applications are lighting via a set of fluorescent and incandescent bulbs, and a ...

Hussam, Shaheer M. (Shaheer Muqtasid), 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Commercialization of gallium nitride nanorod arrays on silicon for solid-state lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One important component in energy usage is lighting, which is currently dominated by incandescent and fluorescent lamps. However, due to potentially higher efficiencies and thus higher energy savings, solid-state lighting ...

Wee, Qixun

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Energy Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STAR Brand December 1, 2009 Save Money with LED Holiday Light Strings LED (or light emitting diode) light strings can use 90% less energy than regular incandescent light strings....

287

Using the genetic algorithm to design gallium indium nitride/gallium nitride light-emitting diodes with reduced efficiency droop and reduced spectral instability with respect to injection current  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today we are witnessing a fast growing trend that is redefining the concept of lighting. Numerous governments from all over the world have passed legislation to phase out incandescent light bulbs, with the objective of encouraging energy-efficient ...

Roya Mirhosseini / Partha S. Dutta

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Light Flicker in Compact Fluorescent Lamps Caused by Voltage Fluctuations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents tests performed at the EPRI Power Electronics Applications Center (PEAC) Power Quality Test Facility to characterize the light output of an incandescent lamp and compact fluorescent lamps during voltage fluctuations.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

289

Compact Fluorescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric lighting constitutes approximately 21-23 % of the electric grid load in the United States. The higher energy and maintenance costs of incandescent lamps, combined with the favorable economics of high-efficiency compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), are making CFLs the increasingly popular choice for both residential and commercial lighting. Utility incentive and rebate programs to stimulate CFL use and the beginnings of a ban on incandescent lamps are enhancing CFL penetration levels in these enviro...

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

290

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Certain Lamps Exempted from General Service Incandescent Lamp Standards Certain Lamps Exempted from General Service Incandescent Lamp Standards Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The information on this page pertains to the Department of Energy's (DOE) analysis of and unit sales forecast for five lamp types, which was mandated by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007). Among the requirements of subtitle B of title III of EISA 2007 were provisions directing DOE to evaluate and publish within 1 year a benchmark unit sales estimate for five types of incandescent lamps (rough service lamps, vibration service lamps, 3-way incandescent lamps, 2,601-3,300 lumen general service incandescent lamps, and shatter-resistant lamps). These lamp types were not made subject to the regulatory standards for general service incandescent lamps established by EISA 2007. Among the requirements of subtitle B of title III of EISA 2007 were provisions directing DOE to collect, analyze, and monitor unit sales of these five lamp types.

291

Getting CFLs Home in Longview, Texas | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Getting CFLs Home in Longview, Texas Getting CFLs Home in Longview, Texas Getting CFLs Home in Longview, Texas August 25, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis Longview, TX has established a program that enables residents to swap out four incandescent light bulbs for four CFLs. | Department of Energy Photo | Government Work | Longview, TX has established a program that enables residents to swap out four incandescent light bulbs for four CFLs. | Department of Energy Photo | Government Work | Kevin Craft What does this mean for me? Residents can exchange four incandescent bulbs for four CFLs at no cost. A household that installs four CFLs is projected to save $242 on electricity bills over the course of the bulbs' lifetime. Inefficient light bulbs can drive up electricity bills and drain homeowners' wallets. With that in mind, government officials in the east Texas city of Longview

292

FAQ of Overview of Solid-State Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS 3 Leds FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS 3 Leds 1. What is solid-state lighting? 2. What is a semiconductor? 3. What is a semiconductor LED (light emitting diode)? 4. What is an organic LED (OLED)? 5. Where can I see LED lighting today? 6. How do you produce white light using LEDs? 7. How does solid-state lighting differ from conventional lighting? 8. What is the energy efficiency of solid-state lighting today? How does the energy efficiency compare with incandescent and fluorescent lamps? 9. What is the cost of solid-state lighting today? How does the cost compare with incandescent and fluorescent lamps? 10. What is the quality of the white light using solid-state lighting today? How does it compare with incandescent and fluorescent lamps?

293

 

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

32 Traffic flow adjustments, existing roads 32 Traffic flow adjustments, existing roads While many of the traffic signals in Attleboro are on state highways and therefore the responsibility of MassHighway, there are a fewer number of traffic signals and pedestrian walk signals that are the responsibility of the City. Traffic signals are being illuminated with 116 watt incandescent traffic signal rated bulbs. Peds are being illuminated with 69 watt incandescent bulbs. These have a mean time to failure of 8000 hours or approximately 14 to 18 months at current operating cycles. Incandescent bulbs can be replaced with Light Emitting Diode lamps that use approximately 10 watts of electricity, have a five year warranty, and a design life up to 100,000 hours (typical operating life is seven to ten years).

294

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Reflector Lamps (RIN: 1904-AC15) Program or Field Office:EERE - Buildings Technology Program Location(s} (City/County/State): Nationwide Proposed Action Description: In this NQPR, DOE proposes to adopt new standards for the large diameter Incandescent Reflector Lamps (which will hereafter be referred to as certain "R, ER, and BR IRLs") include: (1) lamps rated 50 watts or less that are ER30, BR30, BR40, or ER40; (2) lamps rated 65 watts that are BR30, BR40, or ER40 lamps; and (3) R20 incandescent reflector lamps rated 45 watts or less. DOE also presents analysis for small diameter lamps and requests further comment on an appropriate standard for these products. The proposed standards, if adopted, would apply to all the

295

Energy Saver Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2009 3, 2009 Have You Used LED Light Strings? This week, you read about LED holiday light strings, which can use 90% less energy than regular incandescent light strings. December 1, 2009 Save Money with LED Holiday Light Strings LED (or light emitting diode) light strings can use 90% less energy than regular incandescent light strings. They also last about ten times longer, are cooler than incandescents (reducing fire hazards), and are more durable. November 30, 2009 Energy Efficiency Can Be at the Top of Your Shopping List I hope your holidays are filled with cool ways to fine-tune your life that will get you closer to the cutting edge of energy efficiency. November 24, 2009 Green Living, Green Technologies: Things to Be Thankful For We live in a time where improvements in technology make it possible to live

296

Lighting in Residential and Commercial Buildings (1993 and 1995 Data)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Types > 1995 CBECS Lighting Equipment Types > 1995 CBECS Lighting Equipment 1995 CBECS Lighting Equipment Profile Lighting Equipment - Type and Characteristics of Equipment Emits Found In Incandescent Incandescent Light Bulb Produces light by electrically heating a tungsten filament Includes energy-efficient incandescent bulbs, such as Reflector or R-Lamps (accent and task lighting), Parabolic Aluminized Reflector (PAR) lamps (flood and spot lighting), and Ellipsoidal Reflector (ER) lamps (recessed lighting) Highly inefficient because much of the energy is lost as heat 14-18 Lumens Per Watt (LPW) 14% of Lit Commercial Floorspace Standard Fluorescent Lighting with Magnetic Ballast Standard Fluorescent with Magnetic Ballast Produces light by passing electricity through mercury vapor, causing the fluorescent coating to glow or fluoresce

297

Parents and Kids: Energize Your Summer | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Parents and Kids: Energize Your Summer Parents and Kids: Energize Your Summer Parents and Kids: Energize Your Summer June 21, 2013 - 11:33am Addthis Did you know: Incandescent light bulbs only convert about 10 percent of the energy they consume into light and the rest is released as heat. The Energy Department's Energy Bike demonstrates the physical effort it takes to power incandescent, compact fluorescent and LED light bulbs. Students from Churchill Road Elementary School in Virginia recently pedaled for power at their Earth Day assembly, learning firsthand about energy efficiency. | Photo courtesy of the Energy Department. Did you know: Incandescent light bulbs only convert about 10 percent of the energy they consume into light and the rest is released as heat. The Energy Department's Energy Bike demonstrates the physical effort it takes to power

298

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General Service Incandescent Lamps General Service Incandescent Lamps Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products Manufacturers have been required to comply with the Department of Energy's (DOE) energy conservation standards for general service incandescent lamps (GSILs) since 2012. Most GSILs are the pear-shaped, screw-in light bulbs found in most homes. Most GSILs are currently sold as one of four wattages: 40, 60, 75, and 100. Starting in 2012, these will be replaced by more efficient lower wattage lamps. Recent Updates | Standards | Test Procedures | Waiver, Exception, and Exemption Information | Statutory Authority | Historical Information | Contact Information Recent Updates DOE published a final rule updating the test procedures for GSILs. 77 FR 4203 (Jan. 27, 2012).

299

Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Compact Fluorescent Lamps Compact Fluorescent Lamps Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps October 8, 2013 - 2:18pm Addthis This tool calculates the payback period for your calc retrofit project. Modify the default values to suit your project requirements. Existing incandescent lamp wattage Watts Incandescent lamp cost dollars Incandescent lamp life 1000 hours calc wattage Watts calc cost dollars calc life (6000 hours for moderate use, 10000 hours for high use) 8000 hours Number of lamps in retrofit project Hours operating per week hours Average cost of electricity 0.06 $/kWh Relamper labor costs $/hr Time taken to retrofit all lamps in this project min Time taken to relamp one lamp min Type of Relamping Practiced: Group Relamping: Calculate Simple Payback Period months

300

New Lighting Facts Label: Takes the Guess Work Out of Shopping for Light  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Facts Label: Takes the Guess Work Out of Shopping for Lighting Facts Label: Takes the Guess Work Out of Shopping for Light Bulbs New Lighting Facts Label: Takes the Guess Work Out of Shopping for Light Bulbs January 25, 2012 - 5:52am Addthis Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory If you're like me, it sometimes feels overwhelming standing at the store and staring at a big wall of light bulbs, trying to understand all the lighting choices. With new lighting standards taking effect this year, now's a great time switch to energy-saving incandescent, CFL, and LED light bulbs, which are available in most hardware and home improvement retailers. They all are more energy-efficient than traditional incandescent bulbs, and upgrading 15 of the inefficient incandescent light bulbs in your home could

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

CX-007850: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

850: Categorical Exclusion Determination 850: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007850: Categorical Exclusion Determination Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Reflector Lamps CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/09/2012 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy In this Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR), DOE proposes to adopt new standards for the large diameter Incandescent Reflector Lamps (which will hereafter be referred to as certain "R, ER, and BR IRLs") include: (1) lamps rated 50 watts or less that are ER30, BR30, BR40, or ER40; (2) lamps rated 65 watts that are BR30, BR40, or ER40 lamps; and (3) R20 incandescent reflector lamps rated 45 watts or less. DOE also presents analysis for

302

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

721 - 730 of 9,640 results. 721 - 730 of 9,640 results. Download PARS II Training Schedule http://energy.gov/management/downloads/pars-ii-training-schedule Download CX-000849: Categorical Exclusion Determination 25A4083 - Shewanella as an Ideal Platform for Producing Hydrocarbon Biofuels CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 01/19/2010 Location(s): Minnesota Office(s): Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-000849-categorical-exclusion-determination Article Incandescent Lighting Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. http://energy.gov/energysaver/articles/incandescent-lighting Page News http://energy.gov/em/news Download CX-009902: Categorical Exclusion Determination Agrivida - Conditionally Activated Enzymes Expressed in Cellulosic Energy

303

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, 2012 9, 2012 Light quantity, energy consumption, and light quality are the basic principles of lighting. | Photo courtesy of Tadson Bussey. Lighting Principles and Terms Learn the basics of lighting principles and terms to choose the best energy-efficient lighting options for your home. July 29, 2012 Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Buy new fixtures made for new lightbulbs for the greatest energy savings, reliability, and longevity. July 29, 2012 Lighting and Daylighting Products and Services Find product information and locate professional services for lighting and

304

Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) for liver metastasis: therapeutic efficacy in an experimental model  

SciTech Connect

Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) was proposed for untreatable colorectal liver metastases. The present study evaluates tumor control and potential radiotoxicity of BNCT in an experimental model of liver metastasis. BDIX rats were inoculated with syngeneic colon cancer cells DHD/K12/TRb. Tumor-bearing animals were divided into three groups: BPABNCT, boronophenylalanine (BPA) ? neutron irradiation; Beam only, neutron irradiation; Sham, matched manipulation. The total absorbed dose administered with BPABNCT was 13 3 Gy in tumor and 9 2 Gy in healthy liver. Three weeks posttreatment, the tumor surface area post-treatment/pre-treatment ratio was 0.46 0.20 for BPABNCT, 2.7 1.8 for Beam only and 4.5 3.1 for Sham. The pre-treatment tumor nodule mass of 48 19 mgfell significantly to 19 16 mg for BPABNCT, but rose significantly to 140 106 mg for Beam only and to 346 302 mg for Sham. For both end points, the differences between the BPABNCT group and each of the other groups were statistically significant (ANOVA). No clinical, macroscopic or histological normal liver radiotoxicity was observed. It is concluded that BPA BNCT induced a significant remission of experimental colorectal tumor nodules in liver with no contributory liver toxicity.

David W. Nigg

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Exploring the Efficacy of Caption Search for Bioscience Journal Search Interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, publication year, and so on. On the Web, searching within the full text of doc- uments has been standard, full text search of bioscience journal articles was not possible due to two major constraints: (1) the full text was not widely available online, and (2) publishers restrict researchers from downloading

Hearst, Marti

306

Systems biology and combination therapy in the quest for clinical efficacy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for mechanical engineering long before it was practical to represent every beam and bolt or to understand the atomic properties of steel.Whatever the limitations of emerging mathematical models of cellular

307

Analysis of the efficacy of a constructed wetland in treating human fecal contamination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The efficiency of a system of constructed wetlands in treating non-point source pollution, particularly, human fecal contamination, was evaluated by collecting and analyzing water samples using both conventional culture-based ...

Kondepudi, Kathyayani Shobhna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

The efficacy of wearing barrier cream under gloves in health care oroviders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regulations has resulted in increased hand skin problems in health care providers (HCPs).2@6 Hand skin problems related to wearing gloves include red, chapped skin; non-specific irritant dermatitis; and allergic reactions to rubber products, cornstarch powder, or production chemicals (inhibitors, accelerators, crosslinkers) in gloves. This experimental longitudinal study examined the effects of an intervention (applying barrier cream before donning gloves) to reduce hand skin problems in glove-wearing HCPS. The hypotheses of this study were: (1) HCPs who wear barrier cream under their gloves will experience a decrease in hand skin problems and (2) HCPs who wear barrier cream under their gloves will report an improvement in perceived skin condition. Using self-report questionnaires, data were collected on demographic information, glove usage, and hand condition. Information on incidence and severity of hand skin problems, perceived hand skin condition, gloving practices, and hand care routines, including use of the barrier cream in the intervention group, was requested every three weeks after enrollment, until the subject had been in the study for a total of twelve weeks. Both the control group (n=34) and intervention group (n=40) showed a statistically significant decrease in the incidence of hand skin problems; however, there were no significant differences between groups. Intervention subjects who completed 12 weeks of the study showed a statistically significant improvement in their perceived hand skin condition, but the improvement in perceived hand skin condition was not statistically significant in the 6 week subjects.

Lambden, Jennifer Lyn

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Investigating the Efficacy of Nonlinear Dimensionality Reduction Schemes in Classifying Gene and Protein Expression Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recent explosion in procurement and availability of high-dimensional gene- and protein-expression profile datasets for cancer diagnostics has necessitated the development of sophisticated machine learning tools with which to analyze them. A major ... Keywords: Bioinformatics (genome or protein) databases, Clustering, classification, and association rules, Data and knowledge visualization, Data mining, Feature extraction or construction

George Lee; Carlos Rodriguez; Anant Madabhushi

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Hardware and software efficacy in assessment of fine root diameter distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fine roots constitute the majority of root system surface area and thus most of the nutrient and water absorption surface. Fine roots are, however, the least understood of all plant roots. A sensitivity analysis of several software programs capable of ... Keywords: Diameter distribution, Digital image analysis, Fine roots, High resolution, Root length, Scanner

Richard W. Zobel

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

The Efficacy of Radiation Therapy in the Treatment of Graves' Orbitopathy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To review our institutional outcomes of patients treated with radiation therapy (RT) for Graves' orbitopathy (GO), assess the role of orbital reirradiation, and identify prognostic factors of complete response (CR). Methods and Materials: This is a retrospective review of 211 patients who presented with a diagnosis of GO and received RT between January 2000-2010. RT dose was 20 Gy in 10 fractions. Patient median age was 51 years (range, 15-84 years), median follow-up was 11 months (range, 1-88 months). Patient symptoms included any combination of proptosis (90.9%), extraocular muscle dysfunction (78.9%), soft tissue signs (68.4%), and diplopia (58.4%). Corticosteroids were used as first-line therapy in 20.6% of patients. Among those who achieved either CR or partial response (PR), prognostic factors were evaluated. Results: Stabilization of disease without recurrence was clinically achieved overall in 202 patients (96.7%). At the completion of RT, 176 patients (84.2%) reported a symptomatic improvement of pretreatment symptoms. CR of GO symptoms was achieved using multiple treatment modalities, including RT by 93 patients (44.5%), of which 32 patients received RT only. Corticosteroids were discontinued in 97.8% of patients who received them as initial therapy. Surgical intervention following radiotherapy was required for 144 (68.9%) of all patients. Fourteen patients received orbital reirradiation for persistent or recurrent symptoms. Five of these achieved a CR, and the other nine achieved disease stabilization but retained persistent ocular symptoms. Long-term side effects of RT included dry eyes (12%). Of the prognostic factors we investigated, only gender predicted CR, which was less common in men (33.9%) than in women (49.7%) p = 0.0471. Conclusions: Orbital radiation for GO is an established treatment modality for patients. Orbital reirradiation is beneficial for patients who do not respond to initial RT or experience symptom recurrence without an apparent risk of increased morbidity.

Matthiesen, Chance, E-mail: chance-matthiesen@ouhsc.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Thompson, J. Spencer [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Thompson, David [Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Farris, Bradley; Wilkes, Byron [Dean A. McGee Eye Institute, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Ahmad, Salahuddin; Herman, Terence; Bogardus, Carl [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

EFFICACY AND BIODEGRADABILITY OF PENTACHLOROPHENOL IN CONVENTIONAL AND BIODIESEL AMENDED CARRIERS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is widely used as a wood preservative for wood products. It has been proposed that a modified PCP carrier system based on (more)

Keshani Langroodi, Saeed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

A principal's sense of self-efficacy in an age of accountability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

then downloaded into an Xcel spreadsheet and transferred totransferring it into an Xcel Spreadsheet. Next, I purchasedwas also imported into an Xcel spreadsheet. Once the two

Santamara, Andrs Peter

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Exploring the efficacy of IT with slow learners: case studies in primary schools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study looks at the changes effected with the introduction of IT into the Learning Support Programme (LSP) in 6 Singapore primary schools. It focuses how the teaching methodologies working with slow learners (or learners at risk) changed with the ... Keywords: information technology, primary schools, slow learners

Marissa Wettasinghe; Mazlan Hasan

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Personal science teaching efficacy and the beliefs and practices of elementary teachers related to science instruction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Publications. Bhattacharyya, S. , Volk, T. , and Lumpe, A. (2009) and Bhattacharyya, Volk, and Lumpe (2009) noted thatmentoring (Bhattacharyya, Volk, & Lumpe, 2009; Gunning &

Lardy, Corinne H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

The Role of Folk Consciousness in the Modern State: Its Efficacy, Use and Abuse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the History of Mankind, he argued that every group that had been around long enough to have its own language was a Volk. No matter whether large or small, literate or illiterate, such a folk group was to be valued if it contributed its own special color...

Brown, Jim; Dregang, Ap

317

Trials BioMed Central Study protocol The Leeds Evaluation of Efficacy of Detoxification Study (LEEDS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prisons project pilot study: protocol for a randomised controlled trial comparing dihydrocodeine and buprenorphine for opiate detoxification

Laura Sheard; Clive E Adams; Hany El-sayeh

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Personal science teaching efficacy and the beliefs and practices of elementary teachers related to science instruction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

scientifically oriented (NRC, 2000, p. 25), related to the2008; National Research Council [NRC], 1996; Sawada, Turley,National Research Council [NRC], 1996; Wise & Leibbrand,

Lardy, Corinne H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Use of a Power Fluidic Low Level Mixer to Improve the Efficacy ...  

Remote operation. Power Fluidics . TM. 11. Typical System Configurations. Charge Vessel adjacent to or inside tank ... Leak Detection & Handling . ...

320

Efficacy of compost amendments and extracts in the control of foliar disease in organic tomato production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Effects of compost amendments and extracts on tomato foliar disease severity and yield were assessed in greenhouse and field experiments. Aerated and nonaerated compost tea (more)

Murray, William Kraft.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Field Comparison of the Sampling Efficacy of Two Smear Media: Cotton Fiber and Kraft Paper  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Two materials were compared in field tests at the Defense Waste Processing Facility: kraft paper (a strong, brown paper made from wood pulp prepared with a sodium sulfate solution) and cotton fiber. Based on a sampling of forty-six pairs of smears, the cotton fiber smears provide a greater sensitivity. The cotton fiber smears collected an average of forty-four percent more beta activity than the kraft paper smears and twenty-nine percent more alpha activity. Results show a greater sensitivity with cotton fiber over kraft paper at the 95 percent confidence level. Regulatory requirements for smear materials are vague. The data demonstrate that the difference in sensitivity of smear materials could lead to a large difference in reported results that are subsequently used for meeting shipping regulations or evaluating workplace contamination levels.

Hogue, M.G.

2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

322

Efficacy of gravity-fed chlorination system for community-scale water disinfection in northern Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although chlorine is one of the lowest cost ways of providing disinfection, currently billions of people lack drinking water that has had this simple treatment. Arch Chemical's Pulsar 1 unit is an innovation in chlorine ...

Fitzpatrick, Daniel Cash

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Efficacy, national/international practices and motivational factors of lifelong driver education for the aging population  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a society facing a significant increase in its aging population, older driver education/training is emerging as a potential solution to help seniors drive more safely, thus maintaining their mobility and quality of life. ...

Israels, Richard (Richard Steven)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Instructional leadership: The efficacy of student performance with CSCOPE curriculum implementation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??As of May 25, 2010, over 800 school districts across the state of Texas have adopted CSCOPE as their curriculum. The CSCOPE curriculum management system (more)

[No author

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Cost-Efficacy of Wetland Preservation and Restoration in Coastal Louisiana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Louisiana faces a tremendous crisis of coastal wetland loss, where an estimated 1,900 square miles of coastal land has been lost in the past century. (more)

Aust, Christiane

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

The efficacy of marker-assisted-selection for grain mold resistance in sorghum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Five breeding populations were created by crossing elite U.S. sorghum parental lines (RTx430, RTx436, BTx631, BTx635, and Tx2903) with 'Sureo', a dual purpose grain mold resistant sorghum cultivar. Molecular markers associated with five previously-reported quantitative trait loci (QTL) for grain mold resistance originating in 'Sureo' were used to determine if their presence enhanced selection for grain mold resistance in these populations. The allelic status of 87 F4 lines, with respect to these QTL, was determined using both simple sequence repeats (SSR) and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. All 87 F4:5 lines and their parental lines, were evaluated for grain mold resistance in replicated trials in eight diverse environments in South and Central Texas during the summer of 2002. The effects of each allele from the grain mold resistant parent 'Sureo' were determined across and within all five populations, within individual environments, and in each population x environment combination. With a few exceptions, the QTL were effective in reducing grain mold susceptibility only within the RTx430/Sureo progeny, the identical cross that was used in the original mapping study. The results indicate that while that these alleles do confer additional grain mold resistance, they are only selectable in the original mapping population. This fact limits their potential usefulness in an applied breeding program.

Franks, Cleve Douglas

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

The perceived efficacy of an empowerment model of youth development among Vermont educational leaders.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Family and Consumer Sciences Education (FCSE) expresses a vision of emancipatory education through an empowerment model of human development, as reflected in the FCSE National (more)

Woods, Barbara A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Opening The Door: An evaluation of the efficacy of a problem-based learning game  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As higher education institutions seek to improve undergraduate education, initiatives are underway to target instructional methods, re-examine curricula, and apply innovative technologies to better engage students with content. This article discusses ... Keywords: Achievement, Blended learning, Course design, Educational game, PBL, Problem-based learning, Undergraduate

Scott J. Warren; Mary Jo Dondlinger; Julie McLeod; Chris Bigenho

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Near-ground cooling efficacies of trees and high-albedo surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

diurnally; or (c) compare water intake by various species.plants. Comparisons of Water Intake By Various Species.Only a small fraction of water intake is employed in plant

Levinson, Ronnen Michael

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Measuring the efficacy of an energy and environmental awareness campaign to effectively reduce water consumption.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Increased energy costs and a move toward environmental stewardship are driving many organizations, including universities, to engage in awareness efforts to reduce both energy consumption (more)

Miller, Laura

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

The grapefruit flavonoid naringenin as a Hepatitis C virus therapy : efficacy, mechanism and delivery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection accounts for approximately 40% of chronic liver disease in the United States and results in an estimated 8,000-10,000 deaths annually. Simulations suggest that in the next decade morbidity ...

Goldwasser, Jonathan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Improving the delivery and efficacy of a cancer therapeutic via extracellular matrix modification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The extracellular matrix (ECM) has been shown to be a significant source of hindrance to the transport of macromolecules in solid tumors. This thesis shows that by limiting their interstitial transport, the tumor ECM can ...

Mok, Wilson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Efficacy of backfilling and other engineered barriers in a radioactive waste repository in salt  

SciTech Connect

In the United States, investigation of potential host geologic formations was expanded in 1975 to include hard rocks. Potential groundwater intrusion is leading to very conservative and expensive waste package designs. Recent studies have concluded that incentives for engineered barriers and 1000-year canisters probably do not exist for reasonable breach scenarios. The assumption that multibarriers will significantly increase the safety margin is also questioned. Use of a bentonite backfill for surrounding a canister of exotic materials was developed in Sweden and is being considered in the US. The expectation that bentonite will remain essentially unchanged for hundreds of years for US repository designs may be unrealistic. In addition, thick bentonite backfills will increase the canister surface temperature and add much more water around the canister. The use of desiccant materials, such as CaO or MgO, for backfilling seems to be a better method of protecting the canister. An argument can also be made for not using backfill material in salt repositories since the 30-cm-thick space will provide for hole closure for many years and will promote heat transfer via natural convection. It is concluded that expensive safety systems are being considered for repository designs that do not necessarily increase the safety margin. It is recommended that the safety systems for waste repositories in different geologic media be addressed individually and that cost-benefit analyses be performed.

Claiborne, H.C.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Cholesterol-tethered platinum II-based supramolecular nanoparticle increases antitumor efficacy and reduces nephrotoxicity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanoscale drug delivery vehicles have been harnessed extensively as carriers for cancer chemotherapeutics. However, traditional pharmaceutical approaches for nanoformulation have been a challenge with molecules that exhibit ...

Sengupta, Poulomi

335

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.6 Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

1 1 Selected Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamp Sales (thousands) Commercial Trends 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 T12 Rapid-Start Fluorescent (Mainly 4') 213 206 182 176 163 T8 Medium Bi-Pin Fluorescent (Mainly 4') 164 164 172 196 216 Total (mainly) 4' 377 370 354 372 378 2' U-Shaped T12 10 9 9 7 9 2' U-Shaped T8 8 7 7 9 9 Total 2' U lamp 18 16 16 16 17 8' Slimline T12 (Mainly 8') 43 41 37 36 34 8' Slimline T8 (Mainly 8') 4 5 5 6 5 Total Slimline (Mainly 8') 48 47 42 42 39 8' HO T12 (Mainly 8') 24 24 24 25 25 8' HO T8 (Mainly 8') 1 1 0 1 0 Total HO (Mainly 8') 25 25 25 25 26 Residential Trends Incandescent A-line 1,568 1,526 1,542 1,470 1,410 Screw-Based Compact Fluorescent- Census 69 52 66 93 102 Total Medium Screw-Based Market 1,637 1,577 1,608 1,563 1,512 Commerical and Residential Trends PAR Incandescent 9 7 5 5 15 R Incandescent 89 96 103 112 125 PAR 38 Halogen

336

Airport sustainability encompasses a wide variety of airport management and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these measures are replac- ing an old or inefficient water heater or replacing incandescent light bulbs of existing buildings and ground vehicles to collecting water and managing waste. Assessing the sustainability is to consider renewable energies. Solar photovoltaic (PV), which uses panels to absorb solar energy, is prob

Blanchette, Robert A.

337

LED traffic signals: A market transformation opportunity assessment  

SciTech Connect

This report examines the feasibility and appropriateness of market intervention strategies to increase the penetration of LED traffic signals, which offer large energy savings and other benefits relative to existing incandescent traffic signals. It presents the state of the technology and some of the technical challenges that remain. Prepared for the Consortium for Energy Efficiency.

Suozzo, M.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

338

Lighting in Residential and Commercial Buildings (1993 and 1995 Data) --  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commercial Buildings Home > Special Topics and Data Reports > Types of Lights Commercial Buildings Home > Special Topics and Data Reports > Types of Lights Picture of a light bulb At Home and At Work: What Types of Lights Are We Using? Two national EIA surveys report that . . . Of residential households, 98 percent use incandescent, 42 percent use fluorescent. Of commercial buildings, 59 percent use incandescent, 92 percent use fluorescent. At a glance, we might conclude that substantial energy savings could occur in both the residential and commercial sectors if they replaced their incandescent lights with fluorescent lights, given that fluorescent lights consume approximately 75-85 percent less electricity than incandescent lights. In the residential sector, this is true. However, in the commercial sector, where approximately 92 percent of the buildings already use fluorescent lights, increasing energy savings will require upgrading existing lights and lighting systems. To maximize energy savings, analysis must also consider the hours the lights are used and the amount of floorspace lit by that lighting type. Figures 1 and 2 show the types of lights used by the percent of households and by the percent of floorspace lit for the residential and the commercial sectors, respectively.

339

Copyright Notice Copyright 2003 Jeffrey Thomas Hein, P.E.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

V System Willamette Falls-Portland, Maine for Street Lighting - Westinghouse - 1890 1886 1st Multiple lamp lighting system for street lighting, which he put to use in Cleveland, Ohio. That same year Thomas Alva Edison (Figure 2-2) and his team of researchers invented the incandescent light bulb for home

340

Table Set-up with equipment Target Audience: Parents of elementary school students (grades 3-6), Middle and High School Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engineering measurement tool 2. Introduce the range of light bulb options available for home use. 3. Describe-on experience with the measurement of the time-dependence of light output from three or more light bulbs based on significantly different technology (e.g. incandescent, CFL, LED) as an example of information on light bulbs

Linhardt, Robert J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Look inside for tips on how to:Save money on utility bills by reducing your  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incandescent or fluorescent light bulbs. While we're on the subject, replace any light bulbs you can with CFLs can hold 4 bulbs, consider whether you can light the room effectively with fewer bulbs. Many, and the Not-So-Obvious Turn off the lights when you leave the room, unless you will be back in less than two

Pritchard, Jonathan

342

Manipulating Lasers A laser is a very special kind of light. For example, light from a laser is emitted in only one  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Manipulating Lasers A laser is a very special kind of light. For example, light from a laser is emitted in only one direction, in contrast to other sources, such as incandescent bulbs, in which different directions occur. Lasers can contain one or different colors combined, like sun light. It can even

Dantus, Marcos

343

Energy Savings and Green Initiatives Project Grant  

SciTech Connect

This project entails retrofitting all four foot, 2, 3 and 4 bulb 40 watt T12 fixtures to T8 28 watt and 150 watt incandescent to 26 watt compact fluorescent bulbs. In total, 2,086 fixtures will be retrofitted

Kathy MacLennan

2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

344

The Texas Tech University College of Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Nanophotonic research will transform lighting for homes and businesses. Light bulbs, both incandescent, brighter, and will use a fraction of the energy of existing light bulbs. Better lighting is not the only. Jingyu Lin Dr. Zhaoyang Fan #12;What is Nanophotonics? Photonics, the study and discovery of light

Gelfond, Michael

345

Labeling energy cost on light bulbs lowers implicit discount rates Jihoon Min a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis Labeling energy cost on light bulbs lowers implicit discount rates Jihoon Min a , Inês L considerably. To quantify the influence of factors that drive consumer choices for light bulbs, we conducted incandescent bulbs. About half of the total lighting service (in terms of lumens) was provided by incandes

Michalek, Jeremy J.

346

The Power to Change: Sustainable Electricity Usage in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Light Bulb Exchange program: replaces inefficient incandescent bulbs with integrated compact fluorescent Lighting Project - The UHC (University Housing Council) and the CCSC (Columbia College Student Council bulbs Watt and Woodbridge residence halls Bulbs - 15X longer, save $38,000 in energy cost and 446

Colorado at Boulder, University of

347

EELE408 Photovoltaics Lecture 03: Characteristics of Sunlight  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UV Visible IR Temperature of incandescent light bulb Higher Energy Solar Peak in visible spectrum' 'T=6000' Temperature of the sun Light bulbs are inefficient (eyes adapted to sunlight) Sun · Light behaves as both a wave and a particle ­ Wave Properties · Refraction · Diffraction · Interference

Kaiser, Todd J.

348

New LED light sources and lamps for general illumination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of light source compared to traditional light sources like incandescent bulbs and fluorescent tubes bulb. LEDs emit colored light with a narrow spectral band of 20-30 nm, colors covering the spectralNew LED light sources and lamps for general illumination Carsten Dam-Hansen, Birgitte Thestrup

349

Inside this issue: Green Dorm,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Apartment Demo CFL Exchange CFL, compact florescent light bulbs, will be given out to residents by RA. The crew, which we call the Green Scene team, will be changing out incandescent light bulbs for compact florescent light bulbs to help emphasize energy conservation and raise awareness about the energy campaign

Linsley, Braddock K.

350

Woojin Lee We seek to offer an affordable and easy method of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statement To replace inefficient fluorescent and incandescent light bulbs in the commons of the residential was identified to be the most "in- need" with over 150 light bulbs · David Brown, the senior operati (building ex.) #12;Switching to Light Emitting Diodes Alex Nunez-Thompson and Shantan Cheemerla #12;Problem

351

March 10, 2011 Let There Be More Efficient Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

standards for light bulbs, which include a phasing out of incandescent bulbs in favor of more energy-efficient bulbs. The "government has no business telling an individual what kind of light bulb to buy," she during the 20th century. Today we can go to our hardware store and choose from hundreds of light bulbs

Colorado at Boulder, University of

352

TIPs Meeting Minutes Bradley Conference Room  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

light bulbs to replace the incandescent bulbs currently in the dwellings. This Proposal was found invalid due to the false assumption made that FGH gives students free replacement bulbs. FGH only replaces the bulbs after the dwelling has been vacated. However it will be suggested that FGH us energy saving

Dyer, Bill

353

The answer to this question may be found in the following Confucian proverb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the difference in energy required to light the two different types of light bulbs. We know that one type is more types of light bulbs. The first type, the kind developed by Thomas Edison, using a simple physical principle: when you get something hot, it glows. The hot wire filament inside an incandescent light bulb

Hardy, Darel

354

Materials science issues and structural studies of topical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3.25 eV, GaN basis + some dies give visible light LED more energy efficient than incandescent bulbs eV m = ][ 6 ][ 10 µ ][ 24.1 eVBG : wavelength [µm], BG: band gap [eV], c: velocity of light, h: Planck's constant, e: elemental charge [all three in SI units] ultraviolet light: extra large band gaps

Moeck, Peter

355

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 57, NO. 1, JANUARY 2010 7 Guest Editorial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as incandescent bulbs (visible light) and mercury lamps (deep UV light), inorganic LEDs offer several advantages on Light-Emitting Diodes ALTHOUGH the origins of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) go back to the beginningAsP, it was observed in 1962 that the light wavelength could be shifted from infrared to visible spectrum. The first

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

356

The LSU Campus Committee for Sustainability serves in an advisory role to the Chancellor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to sleep mode or turn it off when not in use Change incandescent light bulbs to compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) Use task lighting rather than lighting the entire room, and take advantage of natural light Begin design of high efficiency projects, including lighting upgrades, utility insulation, and building

357

How do high tides and low tides occur? Is it possible to have an Earth-like planet orbiting a multiple-star system?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LED lights that make them more efficient and longer lasting than incandescent bulbs? Why is it that some people see rays of light emanate outward from certain light sources, such as streetlights or headlights on cars? Is it possible to use light/x rays to see through walls and other solid objects? (like x

Redner, Sidney

358

Colour displays in wireless phones DAVID FELDTHUSEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compact fluorescent bulbs, CO2 emissions would be reduced by approximately 20 million metric tons and save that indirect persuasion led to an increase in environmental attitudes, while direct persuasion led to more, for the action "replace one incandescent bulb with a compact fluorescent bulb" we assume the individual

Assarsson, Ulf

359

Visual sensors and physical effects An excerpt from a thesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sunlight, (b) flash, (c) incandescent, and (d) fluorescent lighting. #12;4 Chapter 2 IMAGE CAPTURE in the design of complementary metal-oxide- semiconductor (CMOS) technologies have led to its adoption in many to around 3,200 K, and fluorescent lamps typically operate between 2,500­ 6,500 K. Sunlight at midday light

Collomosse, John

360

The world in a new lighT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-based technologies, has led to products that we now depend on everyday: DVD players, garage door openers, television. Nanophotonic research will transform lighting for homes and businesses. Light bulbs, both incandescent, brighter, and will use a fraction of the energy of existing light bulbs. Better lighting is not the only

Mosegaard, Klaus

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

How might the use of LEDs be expanded in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the replacement of incandescent bulbs with inorganic-based LEDs could potentially revolutionize indoor lightingScientists at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) invent a deep green LED that can lead to higher-efficiency white light, lower electric bills. The white light light-emitting diode (LED

Sherrill, David

362

Issues, Models and Solutions for Triac Modulated Phase Dimming of LED Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/a 30 lumens 0.1 Incandescent Bulb 15 W 225 lumens 15 Fluorescent Tube Lamp 10 W 500 lumens 50 White LED bulbs, and fluorescent lights, produce light that is radiated in all directions, LEDs produce a focused especially on the potential of white LED lights, which are an important and newly emerging lighting

Lehman, Brad

363

Now includes video! A Haunting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

discussions on Micro-LEDs, Surface Acoustic Wave and Photocapacitive Sensors, Circadian Rhythm, and Indoor.' There were some interesting observations regarding the gradual appearance of LED lighting systems) students One of the innate properties of an incandescent bulb is that when it is dimmed, its color

Rogers, John A.

364

Smart Spaces Industry/Academia Day | 02.08.2011 | Page 1 Dr. M.A.Stough | Research Solid-State Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

60 watt bulb with an equivalent lumens LED white light bulb for usage of 50,000 hours leads delay). As is increased, less power goes to incandescent bulb and brightness is reduced. Most LED lamps dimmers. Often on the LED bulb application notes or on the lamp's manufacturer web sites

Lü, James Jian-Qiang

365

BRILLIANT Researchers from the University of Illinois, Northwestern University, the Institute of High  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, that applied Pico-Jobs for developing new applications of LED light bulbs together with OSRAM were conducted-Jobs for developing new applications for Light Emitting Diode (LED) based light bulbs at OSRAM, a leading manufacturer of light system solutions. In contrast to traditional incandescent light bulbs, LED bulbs do not create

Rogers, John A.

366

FUNDAMENTALS OF UNDERVOLTAGE BREAKDOWN THROUGH THE TOWNSEND MECHANISM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

white Incandescent bulb Cool White Fluorescent tube Natural White Daylight LED bulb 16 #12;Warm white kilolumen in 2015 LED Bulb US $100 per kilolumen in 2010 46 #12;Reducing Cost per Lumen Lower ­ shock resistant · Compact (Light bulb ~ 1,000 hrs) Additional LED Properties ULTIMO SCIENCE FESTIVAL

Choueiri, Edgar

367

Energy Basics: Lighting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Standard "A" 10-17 750-2,500 98-100 (excellent) 2,700-2,800 (warm) Indoorsoutdoors Energy-Saving Incandescent (or Halogen) 12-22 1,000-4,000 98-100 (excellent) 2,900-3,200...

368

Energy Efficiency ISSN 1570-646X  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ConEd Consolidated Edison CRT Cathode ray tube LCD Liquid crystal display LED Light emitting diode included combustion, incandescent and compact fluorescent (CFL) bulbs, and now light emitting diode (LED emitting diodes (LED), has been sug- gested as a way of reducing energy used for lighting. Such predictions

Illinois at Chicago, University of

369

Today LED Holiday Lights, Tomorrow the World?  

SciTech Connect

This article for The APEM Advantage, the quarterly newsletter of the Association of Professional Energy Managers (APEM) describes the recent increase in the popularity of light emitting diode (LED) lighting and compares LED light output with that of incandescent and compact fluorescent lighting.

Gordon, Kelly L.

2004-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

370

Numerical Modelling of Light Emission and Propagation in (Organic) LEDs with the Green's Tensor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

light emitting diodes, light emission, light extraction, dipole radiation, stratified media, layered surpasses incandescent sources by a factor of 2 and with further improvements light emitting diodes could on light extraction techniques from inorganic light emitting diodes we recommend chapter 5 in 1 . Organic

Floreano, Dario

371

LuminAR: portable robotic augmented reality interface design and prototype  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce LuminAR: a prototype for a new portable and compact projector-camera system designed to use the traditional incandescent bulb interface as a power source, and a robotic desk lamp that carries it, enabling it with dynamic motion ... Keywords: actuated ui, augmented reality, gestural interfaces, human robot interaction, multi-touch interfaces, robotic lamp

Natan Linder; Pattie Maes

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

DUAL USE OF LEDS: SIGNALING AND COMMUNICATIONS IN ITS Grantham Pang, Chi-ho Chan, Hugh Liu, Thomas Kwan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) over incandescent lights is well-supported. This is due to their high construction of LEDs panel and the illuminance of LEDs. CONCLUSIONS In the near future, light-emitting diodes, U.S. Patent Office. 2. "Light emitting diode dot matrix display system with audio output", G. Pang

Pang, Grantham

373

Perception Thresholds of Flicker in Modern Lighting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study reports the results of tests performed at the University of New Brunswick Department of Psychology to determine whether perception thresholds of humans to flicker in modern magnetic, electronic, and halogen lighting is significantly different from their reaction to flicker in a standard 60-watt incandescent lamp.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

374

100 LPW 800 Lm Warm White LED  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An illumination grade warm white (WW) LED, having correlated color temperature (CCT) between 2800 K and 3500K and capable of producing 800 lm output at 100 lm/W, has been developed in this program. The high power WW LED is an ideal source for use as replacement for incandescent, and Halogen reflector and general purpose lamps of similar lumen value. Over the two year period, we have made following accomplishments: developed a high power warm white LED product and made over 50% improvements in light output and efficacy. The new high power WW LED product is a die on ceramic surface mountable LED package. It has four 1x1 mm{sup 2} InGaN pump dice flip chip attached to a ceramic submount in 2x2 array, covered by warm white phosphor ceramic platelets called Lumiramic? and an overmolded silicone lens encapsulating the LED array. The performance goal was achieved through breakthroughs in following key areas: (1) High efficiency pump LED development through pump LED active region design and epi growth quality improvement (funded by internal programs). (2) Increase in injection efficiency (IE) represented by reduction in forward voltage (V{sub f}) through the improvement of the silver-based p-contact and a reduction in spreading resistance. The injection efficiency was increased from 80% at the start of the program to 96% at the end of the program at 700 mA/mm{sup 2}. (3) Improvement in thermal design as represented by reduction in thermal resistance from junction to case, through improvement of the die to submount connection in the thin film flip chip (TFFC) LED and choosing the submount material of high thermal conductivity. A thermal resistance of 1.72 K/W was demonstrated for the high power LED package. (4) Improvement in extraction efficiency from the LED package through improvement of InGaN die level and package level optical extraction efficiency improvement. (5) Improvement in phosphor system efficiency by improving the lumen equivalent (LE) and phosphor package efficiency (PPE) through improvement in phosphor-package interactions. Another achievement in the development of the phosphor integration technology is the demonstration of tight color control. The high power WW LED product developed has been proven to have good reliability. The manufacturing of the product will be done in Philips Lumileds?? LUXEON Rebel production line which has produced billions of high power LEDs. The first high power WW LED product will be released to the market in 2011.

Decai Sun

2010-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

375

Efficacy of Single-Suture Incision Closures in Tagged Juvenile Chinook Salmon Exposed to Simulated Turbine Passage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reductions in the size of acoustic transmitters implanted in migrating juvenile salmonids have resulted in the use of a shorter incision-one that may warrant only a single suture for closure. However, it is not known whether a single suture will sufficiently hold the incision closed when fish are decompressed and when outward pressure is placed on the surgical site during turbine passage through hydroelectric dams. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of single-suture incision closures on five response variables in juvenile Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha that were subjected to simulated turbine passage. An acoustic transmitter (0.43 g in air) and a passive integrated transponder tag (0.10 g in air) were implanted in each fish; the 6-mm incisions were closed with either one suture or two sutures. After exposure to simulated turbine passage, none of the fish exhibited expulsion of transmitters. In addition, the percentage of fish with suture tearing, incision tearing, or mortal injury did not differ between treatments. Expulsion of viscera through the incision was higher among fish that received one suture (12%) than among fish that received two sutures (1%). The higher incidence of visceral expulsion through single-suture incisions warrants concern. Consequently, for cases in which tagged juvenile salmonidsmay be exposed to turbine passage, we do not recommend the use of one suture to close 6-mm incisions associated with acoustic transmitter implantation.

Boyd, James W.; Deters, Katherine A.; Brown, Richard S.; Eppard, M. B.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Technique, pharmacokinetics, toxicity, and efficacy of intratumoral etanidazole and radiotherapy for treatment of spontaneous feline oral squamous cell carcinoma  

SciTech Connect

The histologic appearance, locoregional recurrence, and rate/site of metastases of spontaneous feline oral squamous cell carcinoma are similar to head and neck cancer in humans. A feasibility study of intratumoral Etanidazole, a hypoxic cell sensitizer, and radiation therapy were instituted in this model. Eleven cats with feline squamous cell carcinoma were treated with intratumoral Etanidazole and radiation therapy. Total Etanidazole doses were 1.5-24.0 gms/m2 (0.5-6.9 gms). The tumor partial response rate was 100% (11/11); the median volume regression was 70%. All cats have died as a result of tumor recurrence or tumor-related complications. Median survival was 116 days. Ten cats have been autopsied. Non-necrotic and necrotic tumor cells were identified at the treatment site in all cats. Pharmacokinetic studies were performed in six cats. Following intravenous infusion, the plasma elimination of the Etanidazole was biexponential. The systemic availability following intratumoral administration was 61.2 +/- 21.1%. Peak plasma Etanidazole levels were observed 14 minutes following intratumoral injection, after which elimination was biexponential. Thirty minutes following intratumoral Etanidazole administration, tumor Etanidazole levels were 62.8% of plasma levels. Feline squamous cell carcinoma appears to be a useful model of human head and neck cancer. Cats tolerate substantial doses of intratumoral and intravenous Etanidazole. Etanidazole and radiation therapy cause rapid regression, but not cure, of feline squamous cell carcinoma. There is a similarity between the intravenous kinetics of Etanidazole in humans and cats. Further studies in this model are planned.

Evans, S.M.; LaCreta, F.; Helfand, S.; VanWinkle, T.; Curran, W.J. Jr.; Brown, D.Q.; Hanks, G. (Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (USA))

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pristine Quadris Top Quilt Xcel Switch Class (FRAC number) 1azoxystrobin Quilt Xcel propiconazole/azoxystrobin Mode ofPristine Quash 4 Quadris Top Quilt Xcel Rovral + oil 8 Scala

Adaskaveg, J E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pristine Quadris Top* Quilt Xcel Switch Class (FRAC number)Quadris Top* Quash Quilt Xcel Quintec Rally Rovral/Ipro-azoxystrobin Quilt Xcel propiconazole/azoxystrobin Company

Adaskaveg, James E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

An evaluation of the efficacy of stand-alone adult basic education material targeting women : The women's handbook.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis evaluates a piece of educational printed material, The Women's Handbook. which was produced in the late 1990s as part of a joint project (more)

Harley, Anne.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

On the Efficacy of Combining Thermal and Microwave Satellite Data as Observational Constraints for Root-Zone Soil Moisture Estimation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data assimilation applications require the development of appropriate mathematical operators to relate model states to satellite observations. Two such observation operators were developed and used to examine the conditions under which ...

Damian J. Barrett; Luigi J. Renzullo

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Distributed collaborative problem-based graduate-level learning: Students' perspectives on communication tool selection and efficacy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is growing interest in higher education into graduate-level learning at a distance, where participants are chosen not by where they live but by programmatic match in terms of interest, motivation, intelligence, and academic and professional background. ... Keywords: Academic community, Distance education, Graduate-level problem-based learning, Rich media

Richard C. Overbaugh; Andrew R. Casiello

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

The Efficacy of Electric Vehicle Time-of-Use Rates in Guiding Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging Behavior  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a series of analyses that seek to enhance understanding of the extent to which time-of-use (TOU) rates can economically incentivize off-peak charging of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV). The total cost of fueling a PHEV under modeled and real-world TOU rates is compared to the total cost of fueling a PHEV under constant rates. Time-resolved vehicle energy consumption and fueling costs for a variety of PHEV designs are derived from travel survey data and charging behavior models...

2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

383

Death at the Border: The Efficacy and "Unintended" Consequences of U.S. Immigration Control Policy 1993-2000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paul Pioneer Press, 13 August. Sandia National Laboratories.1993. "Systematic analysis of the Southwest border," Sandia,NM: Sandia National Laboratories. Santibanez Romellon,

Cornelius, Wayne A.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Efficacy of complete decongestive therapy and manual lymphatic drainage on treatment-related lymphedema in breast cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Objective: To evaluate the results of combined decongestive therapy and manual lymphatic drainage in patients with breast cancer-related lymphedema. Methods and Materials: The data from 250 patients were reviewed. The pre- and posttreatment volumetric measurements were compared, and the correlation with age, body mass index, and type of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy was determined. The Spearman correlation coefficients and Wilcoxon two-sample test were used for statistical analysis. Results: Of the 250 patients, 138 were included in the final analysis. The mean age at presentation was 54.3 years. Patients were stratified on the basis of the treatment modality used for breast cancer management. Lymphedema was managed with combined decongestive therapy in 55%, manual lymphatic drainage alone in 32%, and the home program in 13%. The mean pretreatment volume of the affected and normal arms was 2929 and 2531 mL. At the end of 1 year, the posttreatment volume of the affected arm was 2741 mL. The absolute volume of the affected arm was reduced by a mean of 188 mL (p < 0.0001). The type of surgery (p = 0.0142), age (p = 0.0354), and body mass index (p < 0.0001) were related to the severity of lymphedema. Conclusion: Combined decongestive therapy and manual lymphatic drainage with exercises were associated with a significant reduction in the lymphedema volume.

Koul, Rashmi [Department of Radiation Oncology, CancerCare Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB (Canada)]. E-mail: rashmi.koul@cancercare.mb.ca; Dufan, Tarek [Department of Radiation Oncology, CancerCare Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB (Canada); Russell, Catherine [Winnipeg Regional Health Authority Breast Health Center, Winnipeg, MB (Canada); Guenther, Wanda [Winnipeg Regional Health Authority Breast Health Center, Winnipeg, MB (Canada); Nugent, Zoan [Epidemiology and Cancer Registry, CancerCare Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB (Canada); Sun Xuyan [Epidemiology and Cancer Registry, CancerCare Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB (Canada); Cooke, Andrew L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, CancerCare Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB (Canada)

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Comparative efficacy of compost, poultry litter, IPM Lab Biopesticide and BAU-Biofungicde in controlling early blight of tomato  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compost, poultry litter, IPM Lab Biopesticide and BAU-Biofungicide, either alone or in combinations, were assessed for their effect in controlling early blight disease, and on growth and yield parameters of tomato. The lowest early blight incidence and severity were recorded in T13 (compost tea + poultry litter extract + BAU-Bio-fungicide) followed by T12 (compost tea + poultry litter extract + IPM Lab Biopesticide). Early blight incidence and severity were observed lower in case of both single and combined applications of compost, poultry litter, IPM lab Biopesticide and BAU-Biofungicide. Besides the lowest early blight infection, T13 also yielded the highest plant height, number of secondary branches per plant, number of fruits per plant, and yield of tomato per hectare.

S. M. E. Kabir; M. R. Islam; M. M. R. Khan; I. Hossain

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

The efficacy of electrolyzed water for cleaning and sanitizing rubber picker fingers soiled with chicken fat and Salmonella Typhimurium.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Rubber picker fingers used to remove feathers from broiler carcasses have been considered potential cross-contamination sites during poultry processing. The effects of alkaline electrolyzed (EO) (more)

Burkeen, Vedas K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

What do we gain from gamma? Local dynamic gain modulation drives enhanced efficacy and efficiency of signal transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gamma oscillations in neocortex are hypothesized to improve information transmission between groups of neurons. We recently showed that optogenetic drive of fast-spiking interneurons (FS) at 40 Hz in mouse neocortex in ...

Knoblich, Ulf

388

Efficacy of Beef Carcass Surface Trimming to Reduce or Eliminate Escherichia coli O157:H7 Surrogates from Subsequent Subprimals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of trimming the original external carcass surfaces from subprimals during fabrication on the reduction of surrogates for Escherichia coli O157:H7. Carcass sides from five cattle (n = 10 sides) were inoculated along the pattern hide opening before entering the blast chill cooler with a gelatin slurry containing a bacterial cocktail of three rifampicin-resistant, nonpathogenic E. coli Biotype I strains. Following a 48 h chill, sides were fabricated to produce eight subprimals (brisket, chuck, clod, rib, bottom round, top sirloin, short loin, and inside round). Microbiological samples were taken from the original carcass fat surface area, initial lean surface area, trimmed fat surface area (where applicable), and trimmed lean surface area (where applicable). Trimming of the external fat surfaces reduced (P < 0.05) microbiological counts on the newly exposed lean surfaces of all eight subprimals during fabrication. However, these data also indicated that fat and lean surfaces that were not initially exposed to contamination became contaminated during the fabrication process. Trimming external surfaces reduces levels of pathogens, but under normal fabrication processes, pathogens may still be spread to the newly exposed surfaces.

Laster, Brittany Anise

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Development and Demonstration of a Modeling Framework for Assessing the Efficacy of Using Mine Water for Thermoelectric Power Generation  

SciTech Connect

Thermoelectric power plants use large volumes of water for condenser cooling and other plant operations. Traditionally, this water has been withdrawn from the cleanest water available in streams and rivers. However, as demand for electrical power increases it places increasing demands on freshwater resources resulting in conflicts with other off stream water users. In July 2002, NETL and the Governor of Pennsylvania called for the use of water from abandoned mines to replace our reliance on the diminishing and sometimes over allocated surface water resource. In previous studies the National Mine Land Reclamation Center (NMLRC) at West Virginia University has demonstrated that mine water has the potential to reduce the capital cost of acquiring cooling water while at the same time improving the efficiency of the cooling process due to the constant water temperatures associated with deep mine discharges. The objectives of this project were to develop and demonstrate a user-friendly computer based design aid for assessing the costs, technical and regulatory aspects and potential environmental benefits for using mine water for thermoelectric generation. The framework provides a systematic process for evaluating the hydrologic, chemical, engineering and environmental factors to be considered in using mine water as an alternative to traditional freshwater supply. A field investigation and case study was conducted for the proposed 300 MW Beech Hollow Power Plant located in Champion, Pennsylvania. The field study based on previous research conducted by NMLRC identified mine water sources sufficient to reliably supply the 2-3,000gpm water supply requirement of Beech Hollow. A water collection, transportation and treatment system was designed around this facility. Using this case study a computer based design aid applicable to large industrial water users was developed utilizing water collection and handling principals derived in the field investigation and during previous studies of mine water and power plant cooling. Visual basic software was used to create general information/evaluation modules for a range of power plant water needs that were tested/verified against the Beech Hollow project. The program allows for consideration of blending mine water as needed as well as considering potential thermal and environmental benefits that can be derived from using constant temperature mine water. Users input mine water flow, quality, distance to source, elevations to determine collection, transport and treatment system design criteria. The program also evaluates low flow volumes and sustainable yields for various sources. All modules have been integrated into a seamless user friendly computer design aid and user's manual for evaluating the capital and operating costs of mine water use. The framework will facilitate the use of mine water for thermoelectric generation, reduce demand on freshwater resources and result in environmental benefits from reduced emissions and abated mine discharges.

None

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Efficacy and Timing of Fungicides, Bactericides, and Biologicals for Decidous Tree Fruit, Nut, Strawberry, and Vine Crops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Topguard Abound Cabrio Flint/Gem Sovran Adament DistinguishND ND NR ND ND NR NR NR Flint/Gem 5 Funginex 4 Indar/Enableonly on pome fruit crops. Flint is registered on pome fruit

Adaskaveg, Jim; Gubler, Doug; Michailides, Themis; Holtz, Brent

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abound Sovran Cabrio Flint/Gem Scholar Quintec Botran/Elevate/Judge Elite/Orius Flint/Gem Funginex** Indar (Trade name Abound Cabrio Flint/Gem 2 Sovran Common name

Adaskaveg, James E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abound Sovran Cabrio Flint/Gem Scholar Quintec Botran/Trade name Abound Cabrio Flint/Gem 2 Sovran Common nameon stone fruit and tree nuts; Flint registered on pome fruit

Adaskaveg, J E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pome and stone fruit crops including almond; pistachio,NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS ALMOND APPLE/PEAR APRICOTCrops ..

Adaskaveg, James E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Efficacy and Timing of Fungicides, Bactericides, and Biologicals for Decidous Tree Fruit, Nut, Strawberry, and Vine Crops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strawberry, and Vine Crops2008 University of California NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2008 (Updated 2/19/08)crops .

Adaskaveg, Jim; Gubler, Doug; Michailides, Themis; Holtz, Brent

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS ALMOND APPLE/PEAR APRICOTNut, Strawberry, and Vine Crops2011 Table of Contents 1Nut, Strawberry, and Vine Crops in California Single active

Adaskaveg, J E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: LED Reflector Lamp  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LED Reflector Lamp LED Reflector Lamp LED Reflector Lamp Objective LED reflector lamp The goal of this project is to develop a revolutionary new reflector lamp which offers many advantages over current incandescent reflector lamps, including: three times greater efficiency ten times the rated life greater optical and performance properties use of light emitting diodes (LEDs) to generate the light. Although LEDs have been commercially available since the late 1960’s, recent dramatic improvements in LED technology have led to white light devices with efficiencies that meet or exceed those of a standard incandescent lamp. This project will build upon these improvements to develop a new type of source for focusing light. Contact Information For more information on this project, please contact:

397

Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs December 9, 2013 - 4:13pm Addthis A three-part Energy Department-funded study indicates LEDs are more environmentally friendly than compact fluorescent and incandescent lights. | Energy Department graphic A three-part Energy Department-funded study indicates LEDs are more environmentally friendly than compact fluorescent and incandescent lights. | Energy Department graphic Jim Brodrick Lighting Program Manager MORE RESOURCES Find out how LED lighting works Get project planning and analysis tools Subscribe to Solid-State Lighting's email distribution list Increasingly, light emitting diode (LED) screw-based lamps are providing consumers a cost-effective and energy efficient alternative to compact

398

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lumiram Electric Corporation 1 Case Number: 20 10-CE- 10 14 Lumiram Electric Corporation 1 Case Number: 20 10-CE- 10 14 (Incandescent reflector lamps) 1 1 NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: September 8,2010 Number of alleged violations: 6 Maximum possible assessment: $313,800 Proposed civil penalty: $43,800 The Office of the General Counsel of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) alleges that Lumiram Electric Corporation (Manufacturer) violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. 6201, et seq., and/or 10 C.F.R. Paxt 430. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. Manufacturer manufactures and/or privately labels a variety of incandescent reflector lamps, including models: R3OFL-75 R30FL- 100 R30SP-100 R40SP-150 2. These models have been in distribution in the U.S. for at least 365 days.

399

Energy Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Efficiency Energy Efficiency From the incandescent to CFLs to LEDs, we're exploring the long history of the light bulb and how it led to new technology breakthroughs. From the incandescent to CFLs to LEDs, we're exploring the long history of the light bulb and how it led to new technology breakthroughs. Every year, much of the energy the U.S. consumes is wasted through transmission, heat loss and inefficient technology -- costing American families and businesses money, and leading to increased carbon pollution. Energy efficiency is one of the easiest and most cost effective ways to combat climate change, clean the air we breathe, improve the competitiveness of our businesses and reduce energy costs for consumers.

400

LEDs Ready for Takeoff at Louisiana Airport | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LEDs Ready for Takeoff at Louisiana Airport LEDs Ready for Takeoff at Louisiana Airport LEDs Ready for Takeoff at Louisiana Airport July 14, 2010 - 3:34pm Addthis Hammond, La., airport is replacing the existing incandescent taxiway lights (pictured) with LEDs. | Photo courtesy of Hammond Northshore Regional Airport Hammond, La., airport is replacing the existing incandescent taxiway lights (pictured) with LEDs. | Photo courtesy of Hammond Northshore Regional Airport Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE What are the key facts? Upgrades for safety, energy at Hammond airport possible through Recovery Act Taxiway lights to be replaced with LEDs Airport could save up to $15,000 annually on electric bills Energy efficiency is taking off at the airport in Hammond, La., about 70

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401

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, 2012 9, 2012 Energy-efficient light bulbs are available today and could save you about $50 per year in energy costs when you replace 15 traditional incandescent bulbs in your home. How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents Compare the costs and savings when using energy-efficient lightbulbs. July 29, 2012 Use lighting controls to automatically turn lights on and off as needed, and save energy. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Maliketh. Lighting Controls To save energy, use lighting controls to automatically turn lights on and off as needed. July 29, 2012 Daylighting is the use of windows and skylights to bring sunlight into your home. | Photo courtesy of Heather Lammers, NREL. Daylighting Daylighting uses windows and skylights to bring sunlight into your home and

402

Tips: Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Lighting Tips: Lighting May 4, 2012 - 3:16pm Addthis Lighting Choices Save You Money. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available in a wide variety of sizes and shapes. Lighting Choices Save You Money. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available in a wide variety of sizes and shapes. What does this mean for me? Replacing 15 inefficient incandescent bulbs in your home with energy-saving bulbs could save you about $50 per year. For the greatest savings, replace your old incandescent bulbs with ENERGY STAR-qualified bulbs. An average household dedicates about 10% of its energy budget to lighting. Switching to energy-efficient lighting is one of the fastest ways to cut your energy bills. Timers and motion sensors save you even more money by reducing the amount of time lights are on but not being used.

403

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CREE LIGHTING COMPANY, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

20 2001 09:52 FR IPL DOE CH 630 252 2779 TO FGCP-HQ P.02/04 20 2001 09:52 FR IPL DOE CH 630 252 2779 TO FGCP-HQ P.02/04 * * STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CREE LIGHTING COMPANY, FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC26- 00NT40985 W(A)-01-002, CH-1055 The Petitioner, Cree Lighting Company, (Cree), was awarded this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Energy Efficient Solid State Lamp". The purpose of the cooperative agreement is to develop high efficiency, high radiance light emitting diode (LED) chip and packaging technology that is expected to lead to novel solid state lamps capable of replacing less energy efficient incandescent and halogen reflector lamps. When compared with current incandescent reflector lamps, this revolutionary new lamp is expected to be three times more

404

Data:52fb1be4-f0b3-40fc-9305-4fdba28f1bef | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

be4-f0b3-40fc-9305-4fdba28f1bef be4-f0b3-40fc-9305-4fdba28f1bef No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Ohio Edison Co Effective date: 2009/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Street light Incandescent 1000 Lumens Sector: Lighting Description: for each incandescent unit , underground service Source or reference: https://www.firstenergycorp.com/content/dam/customer/Customer%20Choice/Files/Ohio/tariffs/OE-2012-Electric-Service.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage

405

EXC-12-0007 - In the Matter of Tailored Lighting, Inc. | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EXC-12-0007 - In the Matter of Tailored Lighting, Inc. EXC-12-0007 - In the Matter of Tailored Lighting, Inc. EXC-12-0007 - In the Matter of Tailored Lighting, Inc. On October 23, 2012, OHA issued a decision considering an Application for Exception filed by Tailored Lighting, Inc. (TLI) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, TLI requests exception relief for its principal product, a PAR-shaped daylight incandescent reflector lamp known as the SoLux PAR. The company maintains that it has been unable to develop a more efficient alternative that offers the same utility as the SoLux PAR and, as

406

Appliance Standard Program - The FY 2003 Priority -Setting Summary Report and Actions Proposed - Appendix B  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

APPENDIX B: APPENDIX B: Data Sheets for Existing Products Table of Contents Product Rulemaking Priority Page Product Rulemaking Priority Page Commercial Air-Cooled Central A/C & Air-Source HP, 65-240 kBtu/h Standards High B-1 High Intensity Discharge Lamps Determination High B-27 Central A/C & HP, 3 phase, < 65 kBtu/h Standards Medium B-2 Test Procedure Low B-28 Clothes Dryers Standards Low B-3 Lamps, Fluorescent Standards Low B-29 Test Procedure Low B-4 Test Procedure Low B-30 Clothes Washers Standards* Low B-5 Lamps, Incandescent General Service Standards Low B-31 Test Procedure* Low B-6 Test Procedure Low B-32 Commercial Water-Cooled A/C & Water- Source Heat Pumps Standards Low B-7 Lamps, Incandescent Reflector Standards Low B-33

407

Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! May 17, 2012 - 2:21pm Addthis John Chu John Chu Communications Specialist with the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy For years, I bought light bulbs based on watts, or energy use. Like many light bulb consumers, I looked for a traditional 40, 60, 75, or 100 watt incandescent bulb. Now that stores today carry more and more energy efficient lighting choices, I wanted to replace my old incandescents with new bulbs to save energy and money on my electricity bill. But in shopping for the right bulb, I came across a challenge in looking for bulbs based on watts. Since these newer bulbs use less energy, I found bulbs that use 8, 15, or 26 watts. The wattages are pretty close to each other, but the

408

Buildings News and Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

About Us » News & Blog » Buildings News and Blog About Us » News & Blog » Buildings News and Blog Buildings News and Blog Blog A three-part Energy Department-funded study indicates LEDs are more environmentally friendly than compact fluorescent and incandescent lights. | Energy Department graphic Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs December 9, 2013 4:13 PM Final results of a three-part Energy Department-funded study found that LEDs have less negative environmental impacts than incandescent bulbs and a slight edge over CFLs. Read The Full Story EnergyPlus Boosts Building Efficiency with Help from Autodesk November 21, 2013 1:55 PM Autodesk has translated EnergyPlus' 600,000 lines of computer code into C++, one of the world's most popular programming languages. The change increases accessibility of EnergyPlus to many more developers, who can

409

City of Huntingburg, Indiana (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Huntingburg, Indiana (Utility Company) Huntingburg, Indiana (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name Huntingburg City of Place Indiana Utility Id 9088 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial and Small Industrial Commercial Large Power Service Industrial Municipal Street Lighting- (250 W Security) Lighting Municipal Street Lighting- (Incandescent 2500 lumen) Lighting Municipal Street Lighting- (Incandescent 300 W) Lighting

410

Federal Energy Management Program: Office Energy Checklist  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office Energy Checklist Office Energy Checklist This checklist outlines actions that conserve energy at the office. Replace incandescent lights with compact fluorescent lights (CFLs) or light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for desk lamps and overhead lighting. Using CFLs instead of comparable incandescent bulbs can save about 50% on your lighting costs. CFLs use only one-fourth the energy and last up to 10 times longer. Switch off all unnecessary lights. Use dimmers, motion sensors, or occupancy sensors to automatically turn off lighting when not in use to reduce energy use and costs. Turn off lights when you leave at night. Use natural lighting or daylighting. When feasible, turn off lights near windows Use task lighting; instead of brightly lighting an entire room, focus the light where you need it, to directly illuminate work areas.

411

A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting June 16, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert Just when consumers started getting familiar with the spiral ice-cream cone-shaped and prong-shaped compact fluorescents (CFLs), along comes LED lighting, a solid-state lighting (SSL) solution. Some experts are predicting that solid-state lighting is set to turn the current lighting industry on its head, and perhaps in the not-too-distant future make the century-old incandescent light bulb go the way of the dinosaur. Many consumers have been saving money and helping the environment for years by using LED lights during the holidays. These light strings use 75% less energy than conventional (i.e., incandescent) light strings. ENERGY STAR decorative light strings are independently tested to meet strict lifetime

412

EXC-12-0007 - In the Matter of Tailored Lighting, Inc. | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

07 - In the Matter of Tailored Lighting, Inc. 07 - In the Matter of Tailored Lighting, Inc. EXC-12-0007 - In the Matter of Tailored Lighting, Inc. On October 23, 2012, OHA issued a decision considering an Application for Exception filed by Tailored Lighting, Inc. (TLI) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, TLI requests exception relief for its principal product, a PAR-shaped daylight incandescent reflector lamp known as the SoLux PAR. The company maintains that it has been unable to develop a more efficient alternative that offers the same utility as the SoLux PAR and, as a result, will suffer serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair

413

Data:42231654-9dc2-4239-9249-e2a3ebca96ae | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

54-9dc2-4239-9249-e2a3ebca96ae 54-9dc2-4239-9249-e2a3ebca96ae No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Town of Reading, Massachusetts (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/08/01 End date if known: Rate name: 92 WATT INCANDESCENT Sector: Commercial Description: *Note: Incandescent and Mercury lamps will no longer be supplied for new installations. Fixed Monthly Charge= Annual Rate divided by 12 months. Extra Pole Cost When an extra pole is required, specifically for street lighting, there will be an extra cost based upon pole size, including up to 100 feet of secondary. 30 foot or 35 foot Class 4 pole is $44.00 per year

414

Energy 101: Lighting Choices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

101: Lighting Choices 101: Lighting Choices Energy 101: Lighting Choices August 13, 2013 - 2:38pm Addthis Learn about energy-efficient light bulbs that can light your home for less money. For many years, researchers have been working on new lighting options that produce the same light with less energy. Many of those designs are now on the market. This edition of Energy 101 features newer energy-saving light bulbs that provide the choices in colors and light levels you've come to expect, but with higher efficiencies-so they save you money. Upgrading 15 of the inefficient incandescent light bulbs in your home to energy-saving incandescent, compact fluorescent lamp (CFL), or light emitting diode (LED) bulbs could save you about $50 per year. For more information on lighting choices from the Office of Energy

415

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog » Solar Decathlon 2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1' 1' Technology Spotlight: Energy-Efficient Lighting Tuesday, October 8, 2013 By Solar Decathlon Upgrading your lighting is one of the most practical ways to increase your home's energy efficiency. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) provide the same amount of light as incandescent bulbs but use about 75% less energy. CFLs fit into common household fixtures and are available at most hardware stores. And although CFLs cost slightly more than incandescent bulbs, they save money over time by lasting 15 times longer than their less-efficient counterparts. Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) offer proof that a lot of light can come in a small package. Typically less than 10 watts, LED lights are becoming more common in desk lamps and under-cabinet applications. This ultra-efficient

416

Electric Power | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Power Power Electric Power From incandescent bulbs to fluorescents to LEDs, learn more about the long history of the light bulb. From incandescent bulbs to fluorescents to LEDs, learn more about the long history of the light bulb. Electricity -- the flow of electrical power -- is a secondary energy source, generated by the conversion of primary sources of energy, like fossil, nuclear, wind or solar. Keeping the power flowing to American homes and businesses is a critical necessity for everyday life and economic vitality. The Energy Department works to keep the grid secure from cyber and physical attacks; partners with states and other stakeholders to plan more resilient infrastructure that can better withstand extreme weather events; and supports efforts to

417

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Nationwide | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nationwide Nationwide Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Nationwide Location Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued for actions nationwide. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD August 2, 2013 CX-010755: Categorical Exclusion Determination Final Rule to Exempt 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conversion Standards CX(s) Applied: A5 Date: 08/02/2013 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Golden Field Office August 2, 2013 CX-010744: Categorical Exclusion Determination Final Rule to Exempt 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conversion Standards CX(s) Applied: A5 Date: 08/02/2013 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Golden Field Office July 9, 2013 CX-010765: Categorical Exclusion Determination Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for New Energy Conservation Standards for

418

Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Lighting Lighting When you're shopping for lightbulbs, compare lumens and use the Lighting Facts label to be sure you're getting the amount of light, or level of brightness, you want. You can save money and energy while lighting your home and still maintaining good light quantity and quality. Consider energy-efficient lighting options to use the same amount of light for less money. Learn strategies for comparing and buying lighting products and using them efficiently. Featured Lighting Choices to Save You Money Light your home for less money while using the same amount of light. How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents Energy-efficient light bulbs are available today and could save you about $50 per year in energy costs when you replace 15 traditional incandescent bulbs in your home.

419

LEDs Ready for Takeoff at Louisiana Airport | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LEDs Ready for Takeoff at Louisiana Airport LEDs Ready for Takeoff at Louisiana Airport LEDs Ready for Takeoff at Louisiana Airport July 14, 2010 - 3:34pm Addthis Hammond, La., airport is replacing the existing incandescent taxiway lights (pictured) with LEDs. | Photo courtesy of Hammond Northshore Regional Airport Hammond, La., airport is replacing the existing incandescent taxiway lights (pictured) with LEDs. | Photo courtesy of Hammond Northshore Regional Airport Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE What are the key facts? Upgrades for safety, energy at Hammond airport possible through Recovery Act Taxiway lights to be replaced with LEDs Airport could save up to $15,000 annually on electric bills Energy efficiency is taking off at the airport in Hammond, La., about 70

420

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 26370 of 29,416 results. 61 - 26370 of 29,416 results. Download Lumiram Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1014) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Lumiram Electric Corporation failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/lumiram-electric-proposed-penalty-2010-ce-1014 Download Aero-Tech: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1012) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/aero-tech-proposed-penalty-2010-ce-1012 Download Averen: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-0711) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Averen, Inc. failed

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Changes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Changes in Lighting Changes in Lighting The percentage of commercial buildings with lighting was unchanged between 1995 and 2003; however, three lighting types did show change in usage. Compact fluorescent lamps and halogen lamps showed a significant increase between 1995 and 2003 while the use of incandescent lights declined. The lighting questions in the 1995, 1999, and 2003 CBECS questionnaires were virtually identical which facilitates comparison across survey years. The use of compact fluorescent lamps more than doubled, from just under 10 percent of lit buildings to more than 20 percent (Figure 17 and Table 5). The use of halogen lamps nearly doubled, from 7 percent to 13 percent of lit buildings. Use of incandescent lights was the only lighting type to decline; their use dropped from 59 percent to just over one-half of lit buildings.

422

Untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Executive Summary Executive Summary Potential Savings The overwhelming majority of lights in residential households are incandescent--the least energy efficient of all light types (Figure ES1.). If households replaced the most intensively used bulbs with compact fluorescent bulbs, they would see a sizable savings in their electric bills. The total U.S. household energy that would be saved by replacing all incandescent bulbs used 4 or more hours per day would be 31.7 billion kilowatthours (kWh) annually, or 35 percent of all electricity used for residential lighting. The amount of time it takes for households to see a simple payback from compact fluorescent bulbs depends on the price of electricity. Assuming a 26-watt compact fluorescent bulb that costs 22 dollars, an average sized

423

Pumpkin Patterns  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) like this are simply a Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) like this are simply a curly version of the long tube fluorescent lights you might see in your school, office or garage, and use less electricity than traditional incandescents. An ENERGY STAR-qualified CFL uses about 1/4th the energy and lasts 10 times longer than an incandescent bulb that puts out the same amount of light. Biomass is material made from plants and animals, and contains stored energy from the sun. This renewable energy source can be made from wood, crops, manure and even garbage. Using biomass for energy can cut back on waste and greenhouse gas emissions. Just like a windmill, wind turbines like this one use blades to collect the wind's kinetic energy. The wind flows over the blades, which causes them to turn. The blades are

424

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog » Tennessee  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tennessee Tennessee Below you will find Solar Decathlon news from the Tennessee archive, sorted by date. Technology Spotlight: Energy-Efficient Lighting Tuesday, October 8, 2013 By Solar Decathlon Upgrading your lighting is one of the most practical ways to increase your home's energy efficiency. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) provide the same amount of light as incandescent bulbs but use about 75% less energy. CFLs fit into common household fixtures and are available at most hardware stores. And although CFLs cost slightly more than incandescent bulbs, they save money over time by lasting 15 times longer than their less-efficient counterparts. Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) offer proof that a lot of light can come in a small package. Typically less than 10 watts, LED lights are becoming more

425

New Research Tool for Energy-Efficient Residential Fixtures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 New Research Tool for Energy-Efficient Residential Fixtures Lighting Group researcher Erik Page stands next to the new goniophotometer, shown in a multiple-exposure photo that represents a complete sensor sweep around a table lamp. The lamp is seen reflected in a mirror mounted on a swing arm, aimed at a photocell used for data acquisition. The residential lighting sector represents a significant opportunity for energy conservation because it currently uses inefficient incandescent sources almost exclusively. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) have the potential to transform this market by using one-fourth as much power as an incandescent to provide the same amount of light. While technical advances such as triphosphors and electronic ballasts have addressed issues of color

426

Secretary Chu Announces More than $37 Million for Next Generation Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

than $37 Million for Next Generation than $37 Million for Next Generation Lighting Secretary Chu Announces More than $37 Million for Next Generation Lighting January 15, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced more than $37 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to support high-efficiency solid-state lighting projects. Solid-state lighting, which uses light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) instead of incandescent bulbs, has the potential to be ten times more energy-efficient than traditional incandescent lighting. Lighting accounts for approximately 24 percent of the total electricity generated in the United States today - by 2030, the development and widespread deployment of cost-effective solid-state

427

Homes News and Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Homes News and Blog Homes News and Blog Homes News and Blog Blog A three-part Energy Department-funded study indicates LEDs are more environmentally friendly than compact fluorescent and incandescent lights. | Energy Department graphic Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs December 9, 2013 4:13 PM Final results of a three-part Energy Department-funded study found that LEDs have less negative environmental impacts than incandescent bulbs and a slight edge over CFLs. Read The Full Story Homes News and Blog Improving Energy Efficiency and Creating Jobs Through Weatherization December 9, 2013 9:37 AM Since 2009, when the Energy Department seized a major opportunity to invest $5 billion through our Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) to stimulate job growth and help families affected by the Read The Full Story

428

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog » Solar Decathlon 2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Below you will find Solar Decathlon news from the Solar Decathlon 2011 archive, sorted by date. Technology Spotlight: Energy-Efficient Lighting Tuesday, October 8, 2013 By Solar Decathlon Upgrading your lighting is one of the most practical ways to increase your home's energy efficiency. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) provide the same amount of light as incandescent bulbs but use about 75% less energy. CFLs fit into common household fixtures and are available at most hardware stores. And although CFLs cost slightly more than incandescent bulbs, they save money over time by lasting 15 times longer than their less-efficient counterparts. Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) offer proof that a lot of light can come in a small package. Typically less than 10 watts, LED lights are becoming more

429

Office Energy Checklist | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office Energy Checklist Office Energy Checklist Office Energy Checklist October 7, 2013 - 4:48pm Addthis This checklist outlines actions that conserve energy at the office. Checkbox Replace incandescent lights with compact fluorescent lights (CFLs) or light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for desk lamps and overhead lighting. Using CFLs instead of comparable incandescent bulbs can save about 50% on your lighting costs. CFLs use only one-fourth the energy and last up to 10 times longer. Checkbox Switch off all unnecessary lights. Use dimmers, motion sensors, or occupancy sensors to automatically turn off lighting when not in use to reduce energy use and costs. Checkbox Turn off lights when you leave at night. Checkbox Use natural lighting or daylighting. When feasible, turn off lights near windows

430

Fluorescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent Lighting October 17, 2013 - 5:44pm Addthis Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent Lighting Fluorescent lamps use 25%-35% of the energy used by incandescent products to provide a similar amount of light. They also last about 10 times longer (7,000-24,000 hours). The two general types of fluorescent lamps are: Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) -- commonly found with integral ballasts and screw bases, these are popular lamps often used in household fixtures Fluorescent tube and circline lamps -- typically used for task lighting such as garages and under cabinet fixtures, and for lighting large areas in commercial buildings. CFLs CFLs combine the energy efficiency of fluorescent lighting with the convenience and popularity of incandescent fixtures. CFLs fit most fixtures

431

Have You Found Any Energy-Efficient Bargains? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Found Any Energy-Efficient Bargains? Found Any Energy-Efficient Bargains? Have You Found Any Energy-Efficient Bargains? January 13, 2012 - 11:52am Addthis This week, Elizabeth shared her retail adventures in the clearance section of a store where she picked up some LED light strings at bargain prices. Whether you use them for holidays or every day just because they're irresistibly cheerful, light strings are an excellent example of LED products. LED holiday lights have many advantages over ordinary incandescent lights: Running LED holiday lights on one 6-foot tree for 12 hours per day for 40 days can save 90% or more energy when compared to traditional incandescent holiday lights They last longer; they have an operational life span of roughly 20,000 hours, enough to last for 40 holiday seasons

432

South River EMC - Business Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

River EMC - Business Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate Program River EMC - Business Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate Program South River EMC - Business Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Complete Lighting Retrofit: $0.30/watt saved Incandescent to CFL or LED: $1/bulb Provider South River EMC South River EMC (SREMC) offers a rebate to eligible business customers who wish to upgrade the energy efficiency of lighting systems. The business must upgrade from an older, less efficient system to a high-efficiency system. An incentive of $0.30 per watt saved is available to eligible lighting projects. For commercial customers switching fron incandescent

433

U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave, SW  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of. of. Westinghouse Lighting Corporation Case Number : 2010-CE -09/ 1001 NOTICE OF NONCOMPLIANCE DETERMINATION CERTIFICATION Manufacturers of certain covered products are required to certify compliance with the applicable energy conservation standards through submission of a compliance statement and a certification report. 10 CFR § 430.62. See 42 U.S.C. 6296. As of April 19, 2010, Westinghouse Lighting Corporation (Westinghouse) had not filed these documents with DOE. Accordingly, DOE issued a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty for apparent violations of the certification requirements. On June 4, 2010, Westinghouse provided to DOE a compliance statement for incandescent reflector lamps and copies of test reports for a variety of models of incandescent reflector lamps.

434

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

oE 1 oE 1 ) Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. ) Case Number: 201 0-CE-1012 (Incandescent reflector lamps) 1 ) NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: September 8,2010 Number of alleged violations: 7 M a x i m ~ ~ m possible assessment: $374,560 Proposed civil penalty: $51,100 The Office of the General Counsel of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) alleges that Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. (Aero-Tech) violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. 5 6201 et seq., 10 C.F.R. Part 430, or both. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. Aero-Tech manufactures andlor privately labels a variety of incandescent reflector lamps, including models: 75BR40/* * (ULA 29), 1 OOBR40/** (ULA 24), 120BR40/** (ULA 25), 100BR38/"* (ULA 32), 150 BR 381"" (ULA 33), and

435

Data Center Rating Infrastructure Rating Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DRAFT - November 2009 DRAFT - November 2009 No- and Low-Cost Energy-Saving Tips for Multifamily Housing Common Areas Utility costs are typically the largest controllable operating expense in multifamily housing communities. Strategic energy management practices can greatly reduce these costs, increasing net operating income. ENERGY STAR partners have found the following no- and low-cost measures to be effective in reducing energy consumption and operating expenses. Replace all incandescent bulbs, flood lights, and decorative spot lights with ENERGY STAR qualified compact fluorescents. Replacing one 60 watt incandescent bulb with a 13-watt CFL will save $56 in energy costs over the CFL's lifetime (at $0.12/kWh). In addition, CFLs reduce

436

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Aero- Aero- Tech Light Bulb Co., Respondent Case Number : 2010-CE-1012 Issued : October 8, 2010 By the General Counsel , U.S. Department of Energy: 1. DOE has promulgated energy conservation standards for incandescent reflector lamps at 10 C . F.R. § 430.32. 2. DOE initiated a case on September 8, 2010 , to pursue a civil penalty for violations of the compliance certification requirements at 10 C.F . R. § 430.62. 3. Respondent manufactures and/or privately labels incandescent reflector lamps, including basic models 75BR40 /** (ULA 29), 100BR40 /* * (ULA 24), 120BR40 /** (ULA 25), 100BR38 /** (ULA 32), 150 BR 38/** (ULA 33), and 75BR38/**. 4. Based on the information gathered in this case, including Respondent's packaging, labeling, and marketing materials, which demonstrate that these models are

437

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

51 - 15060 of 31,917 results. 51 - 15060 of 31,917 results. Article Weatherization Provides Boost for New Jersey Business Why one small New Jersey business is already seeing 15-20% increases in sales. http://energy.gov/articles/weatherization-provides-boost-new-jersey-business Article DOE Requires Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent Reflector Lamps DOE has issued Notices of Non-Compliance Determination to Westinghouse Lighting Corporation and Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Company requiring that they halt the sale of 8 basic... http://energy.gov/gc/articles/doe-requires-manufacturer-and-labeler-cease-sale-incandescent-reflector-lamps Download Research Call to DOE/Federal Laboratories: Technical Support for Interconnection-Level Electric Infrastructure Planning RC-BM-2010; Due May

438

A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting June 16, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert Just when consumers started getting familiar with the spiral ice-cream cone-shaped and prong-shaped compact fluorescents (CFLs), along comes LED lighting, a solid-state lighting (SSL) solution. Some experts are predicting that solid-state lighting is set to turn the current lighting industry on its head, and perhaps in the not-too-distant future make the century-old incandescent light bulb go the way of the dinosaur. Many consumers have been saving money and helping the environment for years by using LED lights during the holidays. These light strings use 75% less energy than conventional (i.e., incandescent) light strings. ENERGY STAR decorative light strings are independently tested to meet strict lifetime

439

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: A5 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A5 A5 Categorical Exclusion Determinations: A5 Existing Regulations A5: Interpretive rulemakings with no change in environmental effect Rulemakings interpreting or amending an existing rule or regulation that does not change the environmental effect of the rule or regulation being amended. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD August 2, 2013 CX-010755: Categorical Exclusion Determination Final Rule to Exempt 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conversion Standards CX(s) Applied: A5 Date: 08/02/2013 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Golden Field Office August 2, 2013 CX-010744: Categorical Exclusion Determination Final Rule to Exempt 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conversion Standards CX(s) Applied: A5 Date: 08/02/2013

440

Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs December 9, 2013 - 4:13pm Addthis A three-part Energy Department-funded study indicates LEDs are more environmentally friendly than compact fluorescent and incandescent lights. | Energy Department graphic A three-part Energy Department-funded study indicates LEDs are more environmentally friendly than compact fluorescent and incandescent lights. | Energy Department graphic Jim Brodrick Lighting Program Manager MORE RESOURCES Find out how LED lighting works Get project planning and analysis tools Subscribe to Solid-State Lighting's email distribution list Increasingly, light emitting diode (LED) screw-based lamps are providing consumers a cost-effective and energy efficient alternative to compact

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Appliance Standard Program - The FY 2003 Priority -Setting Summary Report and Actions Proposed - Appendix B  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

APPENDIX B: APPENDIX B: Data Sheets for Existing Products Table of Contents Product Rulemaking Priority Page Product Rulemaking Priority Page Commercial Air-Cooled Central A/C & Air-Source HP, 65-240 kBtu/h Standards High B-1 High Intensity Discharge Lamps Determination High B-27 Central A/C & HP, 3 phase, < 65 kBtu/h Standards Medium B-2 Test Procedure Low B-28 Clothes Dryers Standards Low B-3 Lamps, Fluorescent Standards Low B-29 Test Procedure Low B-4 Test Procedure Low B-30 Clothes Washers Standards* Low B-5 Lamps, Incandescent General Service Standards Low B-31 Test Procedure* Low B-6 Test Procedure Low B-32 Commercial Water-Cooled A/C & Water- Source Heat Pumps Standards Low B-7 Lamps, Incandescent Reflector Standards Low B-33

442

Town of Reading, Massachusetts (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reading, Massachusetts (Utility Company) Reading, Massachusetts (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name Reading Town of Place Massachusetts Utility Id 15748 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 100 WATT HPS Lighting 100 WATT MERCURY Lighting 100 WATT MERCURY UG Lighting 175 WATT MERCURY Lighting 250 WATT HPS Lighting 400 WATT HPS Lighting 400 WATT MERCURY Lighting 50 WATT HPS Lighting 58 WATT INCANDESCENT Commercial 92 WATT INCANDESCENT Commercial

443

Energy 101: Lighting Choices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy 101: Lighting Choices Energy 101: Lighting Choices Energy 101: Lighting Choices August 13, 2013 - 2:38pm Addthis Learn about energy-efficient light bulbs that can light your home for less money. For many years, researchers have been working on new lighting options that produce the same light with less energy. Many of those designs are now on the market. This edition of Energy 101 features newer energy-saving light bulbs that provide the choices in colors and light levels you've come to expect, but with higher efficiencies-so they save you money. Upgrading 15 of the inefficient incandescent light bulbs in your home to energy-saving incandescent, compact fluorescent lamp (CFL), or light emitting diode (LED) bulbs could save you about $50 per year. For more information on lighting choices from the Office of Energy

444

Enforcement News | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

June 30, 2010 June 30, 2010 DOE Seeks Comment on Application of Clothes Washer Test Procedure Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) issued a draft interpretative rule clarifying its views on the application of the current residential clothes washer test procedure to machines that offer a warm rinse option that is not included in the recommended cycle for washing cotton or linen clothes. The Department is soliciting feedback from the public on the draft interpretive rule, which is available here, until July 30, 2010. June 24, 2010 DOE Requires Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent Reflector Lamps DOE has issued Notices of Non-Compliance Determination to Westinghouse Lighting Corporation and Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Company requiring that they halt the sale of 8 basic models of incandescent

445

Electronic Compact Fluorescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update addresses the fastest growing energy efficient light source the electronic compact fluorescent lamp (CFL). Business and technical market factors (Chapter 2) explain the past and future growth of the CFL market while emphasizing future technical improvements along with discussion of the importance of utility involvement in helping their customers make the switch from incandescent lamps to CFLs. The basic CFL technology is covered in Chapter 3 including test results for selected ...

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

446

New Lighting Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) technical update continues the technical assessment of advanced lighting technologies in the following product areaslinear LED T8 fluorescent replacements, Edison-based dimmable LED lamps, commercial replacement side-lit LED fixtures, Edison-based reduced-consumption halogen lamps designed to replace 100W incandescent lamps, high bay induction LED lamps, and architectural LED lamps. Many of the products in this years report are designed as ...

2012-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

447

T h e o p e n a c c e s s j o u r n a l f o r p h y s i c s New Journal of Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(energy saving light bulbs) offer significant reduction in energy loss (30%) compared to the incandescentT h e o p e n ­ a c c e s s j o u r n a l f o r p h y s i c s New Journal of Physics White light for controlled white light generation with high color rendering index (CRI) (>80) for the first time

Demir, Hilmi Volkan

448

University of California Los Angeles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The incandescent bulbs used about 150 W to illuminate a display case. The LED lighting uses about 30 W per case all their 35-W halogen bulbs in the hallways with 5-W LEDs. There are 750 of these and they are turnedDonald's restaurant in Sønderborg, Denmark that replaced 133 halogen bulbs with LEDs reduces CO2 emissions by 12 tons

Carter, Troy

449

Rod-to-rod spacing illuminating device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for obtaining an image of an object includes at least one light source having an incandescent filament. An image of the filament is projected onto an object to be observed. Using light reflected from the object, an image of the object is generated. Such a system may employ a television camera to generate the image, and is especially suited for remote observation of objects.

Fodor, G.; Gaal, P.S.

1984-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

450

Flicker Performance of Modern Lighting Technologies including Impacts of Dimmers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The existing industry standards on flicker measurement and assessment are based on the response of general purpose incandescent lamps. However, worldwide these lamps are being replaced with more energy efficient lamps including Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) and Light emitting Diode (LED) lamps. In order to keep the flicker standards relevant, the industry standard bodies on the subject are in need of the evidence that compares the flicker performance of new lighting ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

451

Advanced Light Sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the generation of artificial light using electric lamps, photometric and color performance have been paramount in lamp design, manufacturing, measurement, lighting design, and visual perception. Many designers and researchers have strived to understand how light and color are generated, related, and to improve them. This has stemmed from the development of incandescent lamps, halogen lamps, linear fluorescent lamps, high-intensity discharge (HID) lamps, and compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) among other...

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

452

Assessment of Electrical, Efficiency, and Photometric Performance of Advanced Lighting Sources: Dimmable Advanced Lighting Technolog ies -- Electronic High-Intensity Discharge Ballasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update addresses the dimming performance of electronic high-intensity discharge (HID) ballasts. Chapter 1 provides a discussion of basic lighting control, the importance of considering power quality in lighting control, lighting control methods and parameters, and the advantages and future of lighting control. Chapter 2 addresses in more depth the dimming methods used in advanced lighting sources and controls for incandescent, fluorescent, high-intensity discharge (HID) and light-emit...

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

453

Assessment of Electrical, Efficiency, and Photometric Performance of Advanced Lighting Sources: Dimmable Advanced Lighting Technolog ies -- Electronic Linear Fluorescent Ballasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update is one of four in a series that addresses the basic dimming performance of advanced lighting sources8212linear electronic fluorescent ballasts. Chapter 1 provides a discussion of basic lighting control, the importance of considering power quality in lighting control, lighting control methods and parameters, and the advantages and future of lighting control. Chapter 2 addresses in more depth dimming methods used in advanced lighting sources and controls for incandescent, fluores...

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

454

Assessment of Electrical, Efficiency, and Photometric Performance of Advanced Lighting Sources: Dimmable Advanced Lighting Technolog ies -- Electronic Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Fixtures, Lamps, and Drivers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update addresses the dimming performance of light-emitting diode (LED) lighting. Chapter 1 provides a discussion of basic lighting control, the importance of considering power quality in lighting control, lighting control methods and parameters, and the advantages and future of lighting control. Chapter 2 addresses in more depth the dimming methods used in advanced lighting sources and controls for incandescent, fluorescent, high-intensity discharge (HID) and LED sources. Chapter 3 ad...

2008-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

455

Guide to Energy Efficient Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Today's CFLs Today's CFLs Although CFLs have been available for residential use since the 1980s, they have made significant strides in quality and popularity in recent years. Today, CFLs are the most cost-effective, energy-efficient choice readily available on the market. A CFL produces the same amount of light as a comparable incan- descent, but uses 75% less energy, produces 75% less heat, and lasts up to 10 times longer than an incandescent bulb.

456

City of Phildelphia: Light emitting diodes for traffic signal displays  

SciTech Connect

This project investigated the feasibility of using light emitting diodes (LEDs) for red traffic signals in a demonstration program at 27 signalized intersections in the City of Philadelphia. LED traffic signals have the potential to achieve significant savings over standard incandescent signals in terms of energy usage and costs, signal relamping costs, signal system maintenance costs, tort liability, and environmental impact. Based on successful experience with the demonstration program, the City of Philadelphia is currently developing funding for the conversion of all existing red incandescent traffic signals at approximately 2,700 intersections to LED signals. This program is expected to cost approximately $4.0 million and save about $850,000 annually in energy costs. During late 1993 and early 1994, 212 red LED traffic signals (134 8-inch signals and 78 12-inch signals) were installed at 27 intersections in Philadelphia. The first group of 93 signals were installed at 13 prototypical intersections throughout the City. The remaining group of signals were installed on a contiguous route in West Philadelphia consisting of standard incandescent signals and LED signals interspersed in a random pattern.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Demonstration of Recessed Downlight Technologies: Power and Illumination Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Solid state lighting (SSL), specifically light-emitting diodes (LED), has been advancing at a rapid pace, and there are presently multiple products available that serve as direct replacements for traditional luminaires. In this demonstration, conventional recessed lights in a conference room were used to compare conventional incandescent A-lamps, incandescent reflector R-lamps, dimming compact fluorescent lamps (CFL), to an LED replacement product. The primary focus during the study was on light delivered to the task plane as provided by the power required by the lighting system. Vertical illuminance, dimming range, and color shift are also important indicators of lighting quality and are discussed in the report. The results clearly showed that LEDs, with dimming-capable drivers, are much more efficient than incandescent and CFLs. Further, LEDs provide much smoother and consistent dimming than dimmable CFLs. On the potential negative side, it is important that the dimming switch be identified as compatible with the LED driver. A wide variety of dimmer switches are capable of dimming LEDs down to 15% of full light output, while select others can be capable of dimming LEDs down to 5%. In addition, LEDs can be intensive light sources, which can result in uncomfortable glare in some applications and to some occupants. Higher ceiling (9-foot or greater) or non-specular reflectors can act to alleviate the potential for glare.

Parker, Steven A.; Beeson, Tracy A.

2009-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

458

High-performance CFL downlights: The best and the brightest  

SciTech Connect

Downlight fixtures -- often referred to as ``recessed cans`` -- are among the most common lighting fixtures in commercial and residential settings. As such, they represent one of the most promising targets for improving lighting energy efficiency. The authors estimate that downlight fixtures account for more than one-fifth of the 2.8 billion incandescent lighting sockets in the US, and represent about 8 percent of total direct lighting energy use. Over 30 million new fixtures of this type are sold each year in the US. With existing and foreseeable technology, nearly two-thirds of the incandescent downlights in the US are candidates for retrofit or replacement with compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) or fixtures. The remaining one-third, however, are unlikely to ever be replaceable with CFL technology because of constraints on light output, lighting quality, size, and cost-effectiveness of CFL alternatives. High performance downlight systems using compact fluorescent lamps and incorporating advanced optical, thermal, and ballast designs use up to 75 percent less energy than conventional incandescent downlight fixtures. Many CFL downlight fixtures, however, perform poorly. In this report, the authors explore ways in which various elements of fixture design influence performance. They also describe exemplary elements of high-performance designs, and evaluate several emerging or experimental technologies that promise to further improve efficiency.

Sardinsky, R.; Hawthorne, S.; Newcomb, J.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

459

Scaling Up: Kilolumen Solid-State Lighting Exceeding 100 LPW via Remote Phosphor  

SciTech Connect

This thirty-month project was successful in attaining its ambitious objectives of demonstrating a radically novel 'remote-phosphor' LED light source that can out-perform conventional conformal coated phosphor LED sources. Numerous technical challenges were met with innovative techniques and optical configurations. This product development program for a new generation of solid-state light sources has attained unprecedented luminosity (over 1 kilo-lumen) and efficacy (based on the criterion lumens per 100mw radiant blue). LPI has successfully demonstrated its proprietary technology for optical synthesis of large uniform sources out of the light output of an array of separated LEDs. Numerous multiple blue LEDs illuminate single a phosphor patch. By separating the LEDs from the phosphor, the phosphor and LEDs operate cooler and with higher efficiency over a wide range of operating conditions (from startup to steady state). Other benefits of the system include: better source uniformity, more types of phosphor can be used (chemical interaction and high temperatures are no longer an issue), and the phosphor can be made up from a pre-manufactured sheet (thereby lowering cost and complexity of phosphor deposition). Several laboratory prototypes were built and operated at the expected high performance level. The project fully explored two types of remote phosphor system: transmissive and reflective. The first was found to be well suited for a replacement for A19 type incandescent bulbs, as it was able to replicate the beam pattern of a traditional filament bulb. The second type has the advantages that it is pre-collimate source that has an adjustable color temperature. The project was divided in two phases: Phase I explored a transmissive design and Phase II of the project developed reflective architectures. Additionally, in Phase II the design of a spherical emitting transmissive remote phosphor bulb was developed that is suitable for replacement of A19 and similar light bulbs. In Phase II several new reflective remote phosphor systems were developed and patents applied for. This research included the development of reflective systems in which the short-pass filter operated at a nominal incidence angle of 15{sup o}, a major advancement of this technology. Another goal of the project was to show that it is possible to align multiple optics to multiple LEDs (spaced apart for better thermal management) to within an accuracy in the z-direction of 10 microns or less. This goal was achieved. A further goal was to show it is possible to combine and homogenize the output from multiple LEDs without any flux loss or significant increase in etendue. This goal also was achieved. The following color-coded computer drawing of the Phase 2 reflective remote phosphor prototype gives an idea of the accuracy challenges encountered in such an assembly. The actual setup has less functional clarity due to the numerous items of auxiliary equipment involved. Not only did 10 degrees of freedoms alignment have to be supplied to the LEDs and component prisms as well, but there were also micro-titrating glue dispensers and vacuum hoses. The project also utilized a recently introduced high-index glass, available in small customized prisms. This prototype also embodies a significant advance in thin-film design, by which an unprecedented 98% single-pass efficiency was attained over a 30 degree range of incidence angle (Patents Pending). Such high efficiency is especially important since it applies to the blue light going to the phosphor and then again to the phosphor's light, so that the 'system' efficiency associated with short-pass filter was 95.5%. Other losses have to be kept equally small, towards which a new type of ultra-clear injection-moldable acrylic was discovered and used to make ultra-transparent CPC optics. Several transmissive remote phosphor prototypes were manufactured that could replace screw-in type incandescent bulbs. The CRI of the white light from these prototypes varied from 55 to 93. The system efficiency achieved was between 27 to 29.5

Waqidi Falicoff

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

High Efficiency, Illumination Quality OLEDs for Lighting  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the program was to demonstrate a 45 lumen per watt white light device based upon the use of multiple emission colors through the use of solution processing. This performance level is a dramatic extension of the team's previous 15 LPW large area illumination device. The fundamental material system was based upon commercial polymer materials. The team was largely able to achieve these goals, and was able to deliver to DOE a 90 lumen illumination source that had an average performance of 34 LPW a 1000 cd/m{sup 2} with peak performances near 40LPW. The average color temperature is 3200K and the calculated CRI 85. The device operated at a brightness of approximately 1000cd/m{sup 2}. The use of multiple emission colors particularly red and blue, provided additional degrees of design flexibility in achieving white light, but also required the use of a multilayered structure to separate the different recombination zones and prevent interconversion of blue emission to red emission. The use of commercial materials had the advantage that improvements by the chemical manufacturers in charge transport efficiency, operating life and material purity could be rapidly incorporated without the expenditure of additional effort. The program was designed to take maximum advantage of the known characteristics of these material and proceeded in seven steps. (1) Identify the most promising materials, (2) assemble them into multi-layer structures to control excitation and transport within the OLED, (3) identify materials development needs that would optimize performance within multilayer structures, (4) build a prototype that demonstrates the potential entitlement of the novel multilayer OLED architecture (5) integrate all of the developments to find the single best materials set to implement the novel multilayer architecture, (6) further optimize the best materials set, (7) make a large area high illumination quality white OLED. A photo of the final deliverable is shown. In 2003, a large area, OLED based illumination source was demonstrated that could provide light with a quality, quantity, and efficiency on par with what can be achieved with traditional light sources. The demonstration source was made by tiling together 16 separate 6-inch x 6-inch blue-emitting OLEDs. The efficiency, total lumen output, and lifetime of the OLED based illumination source were the same as what would be achieved with an 80 watt incandescent bulb. The devices had an average efficacy of 15 LPW and used solution-processed OLEDs. The individual 6-inch x 6-inch devices incorporated three technology strategies developed specifically for OLED lighting -- downconversion for white light generation, scattering for outcoupling efficiency enhancement, and a scalable monolithic series architecture to enable large area devices. The downconversion approach consists of optically coupling a blue-emitting OLED to a set of luminescent layers. The layers are chosen to absorb the blue OLED emission and then luminescence with high efficiency at longer wavelengths. The composition and number of layers are chosen so that the unabsorbed blue emission and the longer wavelength re-emission combine to make white light. A downconversion approach has the advantage of allowing a wide variety of colors to be made from a limited set of blue emitters. In addition, one does not have to carefully tune the emission wavelength of the individual electro-luminescent species within the OLED device in order to achieve white light. The downconversion architecture used to develop the 15LPW large area light source consisted of a polymer-based blue-emitting OLED and three downconversion layers. Two of the layers utilized perylene based dyes from BASF AG of Germany with high quantum efficiency (>98%) and one of the layers consisted of inorganic phosphor particles (Y(Gd)AG:Ce) with a quantum efficiency of {approx}85%. By independently varying the optical density of the downconversion layers, the overall emission spectrum could be adjusted to maximize performance for lighting (e.g. blackbody temp

Joseph Shiang; James Cella; Kelly Chichak; Anil Duggal; Kevin Janora; Chris Heller; Gautam Parthasarathy; Jeffery Youmans; Joseph Shiang

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Assess the Efficacy of an Aerial Distant Observer Tool Capable of Rapid Analysis of Large Sections of Collector Fields: FY 2008 CSP Milestone Report, September 2008  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We assessed the feasibility of developing an aerial Distant Observer optical characterization tool for collector fields in concentrating solar power plants.

Jorgensen, G.; Burkholder, F.; Gray, A.; Wendelin, T.

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO): In Vitro Formation of Highly Stable Lanthanide Complexes Translates into Efficacious In Vivo Europium Decorporation  

SciTech Connect

The spermine-based hydroxypyridonate octadentate chelator 3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO) was investigated for its ability to act as an antennae that sensitizes the emission of Sm{sup III}, Eu{sup III}, and Tb{sup III} in the Visible range (?{sub tot} = 0.2 - 7%) and the emission of Pr{sup III}, Nd{sup III}, Sm{sup III}, and Yb{sup III} in the Near Infra-Red range, with decay times varying from 1.78 ?s to 805 ?s at room temperature. The particular luminescence spectroscopic properties of these lanthanide complexes formed with 3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO) were used to characterize their respective solution thermodynamic stabilities as well as those of the corresponding La{sup III}, Gd{sup III}, Dy{sup III}, Ho{sup III}, Er{sup III}, Tm{sup III}, and Lu{sup III} complexes. The remarkably high affinity of 3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO) for lanthanide metal ions and the resulting high complex stabilities (pM values ranging from 17.2 for La{sup III} to 23.1 for Yb{sup III}) constitute a necessary but not sufficient criteria to consider this octadentate ligand an optimal candidate for in vivo metal decorporation. The in vivo lanthanide complex stability and decorporation capacity of the ligand were assessed, using the radioactive isotope {sup 152}Eu as a tracer in a rodent model, which provided a direct comparison with the in vitro thermodynamic results and demonstrated the great potential of 3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO) as a therapeutic metal chelating agent.

Sturzbecher-Hoehne, Manuel; Ng Pak Leung, Clara; Daleo, Anthony; Kullgren, Birgitta; Prigent, Anne-Laure; Shuh, David K.; Raymond, Kenneth N.; Abergel, Rebecca J.

2011-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

463

Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project; Strobe Light Deterrent Efficacy Test and Fish Behavior Determination at Grand Coulee Dam Third Powerplant Forebay, 2005-2006 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The construction of Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph dams on the Columbia River resulted in the complete extirpation of the anadromous fishery upstream of these structures. Today, this area is totally dependent upon resident fish resources to support local fisheries. The resident fishing is enhanced by an extensive stocking program for target species in the existing fishery, including kokanee (Oncorhynchus nerka kennerlyi) and rainbow trout (O. mykiss). The kokanee fishery in Lake Roosevelt has not been meeting the return goals set by fisheries managers despite the stocking program. Investigations of physical and biological factors that could affect the kokanee population found predation and entrainment had a significant impact on the fish population. In 1999 and 2000, walleye (Sander vitreum) consumed between 15% and 9%, respectively, of the hatchery kokanee within 41 days of their release, while results from a study in the late 1990s estimated that entrainment at Grand Coulee Dam could account for up to 30% of the total mortality of the stocked fish. To address the entrainment loss, the Bonneville Power Administration commissioned a study to determine if fish would avoid areas illuminated by strobe lights in the forebay of the third powerplant. This work was conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in conjunction with the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (Colville Confederated Tribes). From 2002 through 2004, six strobe lights were suspended in the center of the opening to the third powerplant forebay during summer months. Results from those studies indicated that fish appeared to be attracted to the illuminated area but only at night and when flow conditions within the third powerplant forebay were minimal. However, small but consistent results from these studies indicated that under high flow conditions, fish might be avoiding the lights. The 2005 study was designed to examine whether, under high flow conditions near the penstock openings, fish would avoid the lighted regions. Four omnidirectional strobe lights were deployed on the one trash rack directly in front of one turbine penstock. Seven splitbeam transducers were deployed to monitor fish approaching three penstock openings either from in front of the trash racks or moving down the dam behind the trash racks. Four key results emerged from the 2005 study. The results provide insight into the current level of entrainment and how fish respond to strobe lights under high flow conditions. First, very few fish were detected inside the trash racks. Of the more than 3,200 targets identified by the data processing, less than 100 were detected inside the trash racks. Only 23 fish were found inside the trash racks behind the strobe lights. Of those 21 fish, 13 were detected when the lights were on. Most of the fish detected behind the trash racks were above the turbine penstock but were headed downward. No fish were detected at night when minimal flows occurred between midnight and 4:00 a.m. Second, significantly more fish (P < 0.001) were detected in front of the trash racks when the lights were on at night. On a count-per-hour basis, the difference between lights off and lights on was apparent in the early morning hours at depths between 25 m and 50 m from the transducers. The lights were approximately 34 m below the splitbeam transducers, and fish detected at night with lights on were found at a median depth of approximately 35 m, compared to a median depth of from 20.6 to 23.5 m when the lights were off. The differences in depth between lights on and off at night were also significant (P < 0.001). Additionally, the increase in fish occurred only in front of the trash rack where the strobe lights were mounted; there was no increase in the number of detections by the transducers aimed away from the lights. Third, fish clearly manifested a behavioral response to the strobe lights during the day. When the lights were on, fish detected by three of the four transducers generally were swimming north, parallel to the face of the dam. Howeve

Simmons, M.; Johnson, Robert; McKinstry, C. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

5-Ureidobenzofuranone indoles as potent and efficacious inhibitors of PI3 kinase-[alpha] and mTOR for the treatment of breast cancer  

SciTech Connect

A series of 5-ureidobenzofuran-3-one indoles as potent inhibitors of PI3K{alpha} and mTOR has been developed. The best potency in cells was obtained when the urea group was extended to a 4-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]methylamino amidophenyl group. A 7-fluoro group on the indole ring also enhanced cellular potency. Compound 18i, incorporating the optimal functional groups, showed high potency in cellular lines and was further studied in vivo. It was able to inhibit the biomarker phosphorylation for 8 h when dosed at 25 mg/kg iv. In the MDA-MB-361 breast cancer model, it shrank the tumor size remarkably when dosed at 25 mg/kg iv on days 1, 5, and 9.

Zhang, Nan; Ayral-Kaloustian, Semiramis; Anderson, James T.; Nguyen, Thai; Das, Sasmita; Venkatesan, Aranapakam M.; Brooijmans, Natasja; Lucas, Judy; Yu, Ker; Hollander, Irwin; Mallon, Robert (Wyeth)

2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

465

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES,BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010 (rev. April 1, 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pristine Quadris Top* Quilt Xcel Switch Class (FRAC number)Quadris Top* Quash Quilt Xcel Quintec Rally Rovral/Ipro-azoxystrobin Quilt Xcel propiconazole/azoxystrobin Company

Adaskaveg, J E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010 (updated 5/1/10)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pristine Quadris Top* Quilt Xcel Switch Class (FRAC number)Quadris Top* Quash Quilt Xcel Quintec Rally Rovral/Ipro-azoxystrobin Quilt Xcel propiconazole/azoxystrobin Company

Adaskaveg, James E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Implementation of an efficacious intervention for high risk women in Mexico: protocol for a multi-site randomized trial with a parallel study of organizational factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AC: Organizational Culture and Climate and Mental Healthacross health issues, national contexts, and organizationalin mental health clinics as a function of organizational

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project; Strobe Light Deterrent Efficacy Test and Fish Behavior Determination at Grand Coulee Dam Third Powerplant Forebay, 2005-2006 Annual Report.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The construction of Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph dams on the Columbia River resulted in the complete extirpation of the anadromous fishery upstream of these structures. Today, this area is totally dependent upon resident fish resources to support local fisheries. The resident fishing is enhanced by an extensive stocking program for target species in the existing fishery, including kokanee (Oncorhynchus nerka kennerlyi) and rainbow trout (O. mykiss). The kokanee fishery in Lake Roosevelt has not been meeting the return goals set by fisheries managers despite the stocking program. Investigations of physical and biological factors that could affect the kokanee population found predation and entrainment had a significant impact on the fish population. In 1999 and 2000, walleye (Sander vitreum) consumed between 15% and 9%, respectively, of the hatchery kokanee within 41 days of their release, while results from a study in the late 1990s estimated that entrainment at Grand Coulee Dam could account for up to 30% of the total mortality of the stocked fish. To address the entrainment loss, the Bonneville Power Administration commissioned a study to determine if fish would avoid areas illuminated by strobe lights in the forebay of the third powerplant. This work was conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in conjunction with the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (Colville Confederated Tribes). From 2002 through 2004, six strobe lights were suspended in the center of the opening to the third powerplant forebay during summer months. Results from those studies indicated that fish appeared to be attracted to the illuminated area but only at night and when flow conditions within the third powerplant forebay were minimal. However, small but consistent results from these studies indicated that under high flow conditions, fish might be avoiding the lights. The 2005 study was designed to examine whether, under high flow conditions near the penstock openings, fish would avoid the lighted regions. Four omnidirectional strobe lights were deployed on the one trash rack directly in front of one turbine penstock. Seven splitbeam transducers were deployed to monitor fish approaching three penstock openings either from in front of the trash racks or moving down the dam behind the trash racks. Four key results emerged from the 2005 study. The results provide insight into the current level of entrainment and how fish respond to strobe lights under high flow conditions. First, very few fish were detected inside the trash racks. Of the more than 3,200 targets identified by the data processing, less than 100 were detected inside the trash racks. Only 23 fish were found inside the trash racks behind the strobe lights. Of those 21 fish, 13 were detected when the lights were on. Most of the fish detected behind the trash racks were above the turbine penstock but were headed downward. No fish were detected at night when minimal flows occurred between midnight and 4:00 a.m. Second, significantly more fish (P number of detections by the transducers aimed away from the lights. Third, fish clearly manifested a behavioral response to the strobe lights during the day. When the lights were on, fish detected by three of the four transducers generally were swimming north, parallel to the face of the dam. Howeve

Simmons, M.; Johnson, Robert; McKinstry, C. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Randomised controlled trial of the efficacy of aerobic exercise in reducing metabolic risk in healthy older people: The Hertfordshire Physical Activity Trial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Blood pressure is measured with an automated oscillometric device (Omron) using the right arm, after participants are seated quietly for five min- utes. Three measures are recorded at one-minute intervals. A 12-lead electrocardiogram is performed... 2009 Accepted: 19 June 2009 This article is available from: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6823/9/15 2009 Finucane et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution...

Finucane, Francis M; Horton, Jessica; Purslow, Lisa R; Savage, David B; Brage, Soren; Besson, Herve; Horton, Kenneth; De Lucia Rolfe, Ema; Sleigh, Alison; Sharp, Stephen J; Martin, Helen; Ahie Sayer, Avan; Cooper, Cyrus; Ekelund, Ulf; Griffin, Simon J; Wareham, Nicholas J

2009-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

470

A conversation on the efficacies of the game engine to address notions of sacred space: the digital songlines project and transgressions of sacredness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Digital Songlines (DSL) game engine is used as a vehicle for Indigenous Australian storytelling. Their storytelling is inextricably linked to the 'country' from which it emerges. The game engine provides a simulation of that country for embedding ... Keywords: 3D games, cultural heritage, digital songlines, sacred places, sacredness, uluru

Theodor G. Wyeld; Patrick Crogan; Brett Leavy

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

The efficacy of oxidative coupling for promoting in-situ immobilization of hydroxylated aromatics in contaminated soil and sediment systems. 1998 annual progress report  

SciTech Connect

'Hydroxylated aromatic compounds (HAC''s) and their precursors are common contaminants of surface and subsurface systems at DOE facilities. The environmental fate and transport of such compounds, particularly in subsurface systems, is generally dominated by their sorption and desorption by soils and sediments. Certain secondary chemical reactions, most specifically abiotic and/or enzymatic oxidative coupling, may be significant in controlling the sorption and subsequent desorption of such hydroxylated aromatics by soils and sediments. The principal objectives of this study are to investigate: (1) the role of abiotic/enzymatic coupling reactions on the immobilization of HAC''s; (2) the effects of environmental factors on such immobilization; and (3) preliminary engineering approaches utilizing enhanced abiotic/enzymatic coupling reactions to immobilize hydroxylated aromatics in-situ. Information gathered from the study will be useful in quantifying the behavior of this class of organic compounds in various subsurface contamination scenarios relevant to DOE facilities, and in specifying strategies for the selection and design of remediation technologies. Over the first two years of this three-year project, the authors have developed a significantly improved understanding of the mechanisms of hydroxylated aromatic compound sorption and immobilization by natural soils and sediments. Immobilization in this context is attributed to oxidative coupling of the hydroxylated aromatics subsequent to their sorption to a soil or sediment, and is quantified in terms of the amount of a sorbed target compound retained by a sorbent after a series of sequential water and solvent extractions. The presence of oxygen, metal oxides, and organic matter, all of which can potentially catalyze/facilitate the abiotic oxidative coupling of HAC''s, were investigated during these first two years. Three different HAC''s: phenol, trichlorophenol and o-cresol were included in the experimental program. Inorganic soil matrices were represented by a glacial wash sand (Wurtsmith sand) having very low organic content. Because the chemical nature of soil organic matter may potentially affect the extent of coupling or immobilization, sorbents having different organic matter compositions are being investigated. Two of the three studied to date are near-surface soils, characterized by geologically younger organic material (Fox Forest soil and Fox Grassland soil). The third sorbent is an older and diagenetically altered soil (Lachine Shale). Sorbent preparation, characterization and experimental protocol development were completed in the first year of the study while the second year of the project has focused primarily on experiments with natural systems, as planned. Preliminary work with engineered systems has been initiated earlier than scheduled in order to integrate and relate all aspects of the study.'

Weber, W.J. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (US); Bhandari, A. [Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (US)

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Synthesis and luminescence properties of rare earth activated phosphors for near UV-emitting LEDs for efficacious generation of white light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sun, Y. Luo, S. Lu. ?White light emitting diode by using a-silicates for near-UV light emitting diode applications,? J.Park, S.Y. Choi. ?White light-emitting diodes of GaN-based

Han, Jinkyu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Synthesis and luminescence properties of rare earth activated phosphors for near UV-emitting LEDs for efficacious generation of white light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficient, high-color-rendering LED lamps using oxyfluoridePhosphor selection for near UV LED solid state lighting,?and application for near UV LED solid state lighting,? ECS.

Han, Jinkyu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Neither in vivo MRI nor behavioural assessment indicate a therapeutic efficacy for a novel 5HT1A agonist in rat models of ischaemic stroke  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Michel Bernanos1, Andrew McCreary3, Michel M Modo1 and Steve CR Williams1 Address: 1Neuroimaging Research Group, Clinical Neuroscience PO42, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK, 2... lo gi ca l s co re Plac MK-801 Plac MK-801 Plac MK-801 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Ne u ro lo gi ca l S co re 1 3 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 DU123015 Placebo Time-points (days) % in fa rc t v o lu m e 1 3 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 MK-801 Placebo Time...

Ashioti, Maria; Beech, John S; Lowe, Andrew S; Bernanos, Michel; McCreary, Andrew; Modo, Michel M; Williams, Steve C R

2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

475

Career counseling as an environmental support: Exploring influences on career choice, career decision-making self-efficacy, and career barriers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study was motivated by concerns regarding the difficult academic and career choices facing todays college students as they navigate higher education and encounter career (more)

Makela, Julia P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010 (updated 5/1/10)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abound Sovran Cabrio Flint/Gem Scholar Quintec Botran/Elevate/Judge Elite/Orius Flint/Gem Funginex** Indar (Trade name Abound Cabrio Flint/Gem 2 Sovran Common name

Adaskaveg, James E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES,BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010 (rev. April 1, 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abound Sovran Cabrio Flint/Gem Scholar Quintec Botran/Elevate/Judge Elite/Orius Flint/Gem Funginex** Indar (Trade name Abound Cabrio Flint/Gem 2 Sovran Common name

Adaskaveg, J E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Sun Protection Intervention for Highway Workers: Long-Term Efficacy of UV Photography and Skin Cancer Information on Mens Protective Cognitions and Behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

009-9151-2 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Sun Protection Intervention foramong outdoor workers in key sun- safety behaviors. Am JCA, Maddock JE, Cottrill SD. Sun protection behaviors and

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Effects of upward and downward social comparison information on the efficacy of an appearance-based sun protection intervention: a randomized, controlled experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ef?cacy of an appearance-based sun protection intervention.based interventions on the sun protection behaviors ofbased interventions on sun protection behaviors. Health

Mahler, Heike I.; Kulik, James A.; Gerrard, Meg; Gibbons, Frederick X.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES,BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010 (rev. April 1, 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pome and stone fruit crops including almond; pistachio,NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS ALMOND APPLE/PEAR APRICOTCrops ..

Adaskaveg, J E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandescent lighting-minimum efficacy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010 (updated 5/1/10)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nut, Strawberry, and Vine Crops in California 2 GeneralNUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010 (updated 5/1/10) ALMONDCrops ..

Adaskaveg, James E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Using Critical Parameters to Ensure Efficacy of Selected Harvest and Fabrication Intervention Strategies used to Control Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to identify critical parameters of application for selected harvest and fabrication intervention strategies used to control Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella. Paired, boneless, beef strip loin (n=120, IMPS 180) were selected at a commercial cow harvest facility, transported to the Food Microbiology Laboratory, Texas A&M University, and inoculated with nonpathogenic, rifampicin-resistant E. coli organisms (ATCC #1427, 1428, 1430) to simulate harvest floor contamination. The beef strip loins were inoculated hot (~30C) and then subjected to one of three chemical treatments (L-lactic acid, peroxyacetic acid, and acidified sodium chlorite) including subset variations for concentration and pH. Lactic acid was applied warm (~53C) and at room temperature (~25C), whereas the peroxyacetic acid, and acidified sodium chlorite were applied at room temperature (~25C). Lactic acid was applied at concentrations of 2.5% and 5% using different water sources (tap and distilled), and at a common pH of ~2.2 using different water sources (tap and distilled). Peroxyacetic acid was applied at concentrations of 210 ppm and 150 ppm, and acidified sodium chlorite was applied at concentrations of 500 ppm and 1200 ppm. Half of the strip loins received the chemical interventions prior to chilling or hot (~25C), whereas the other half received the interventions after a chilling for ~24 h at ~2C. When applied to hot strip loins, only the 2.5% and 5% lactic acid treatments resulted in a greater than 1 log reduction, but for chilled strip loins all treatments achieved greater than a 1 log reduction. When tap water was used to prepare the intervention, there was a difference between reductions for hot (0.68 CFU/cm2) and chilled (2.02 CFU/cm2) product, but there were no differences between hot and chilled for distilled water. Also, there were no differences in reductions between using tap and distilled water for hot products or for chilled products. The pH of the meat surface was lowest for the 5.0% lactic acid (3.07) and highest for the 150 ppm peroxyacetic acid (6.07). These data support the significance of conducting in-plant validation studies utilizing the specific parameters used in the plant.

Labus, Cody John

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

A review of the efficacy of silicon carbide hot-gas filters in coal gasification and pressurized fluidized bed combustion environments  

SciTech Connect

Reviews of relevant literature and interviews with individuals cognizant of the state of the art in ceramic filters for hot-gas cleaning were conducted. Thermodynamic calculations of the stability of various ceramic phases were also made. Based on these calculations, reviews, and interviews, conclusions were reached regarding the use of silicon carbide-based ceramics at hot-gas filter media. Arguments are presented that provide the basis for the conclusion that high-purity silicon carbide is a viable material in the integrated coal gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and pressurized fluidized-bed combustion (PFBC) environments which were examined. Clay-bonded materials are, the authors concluded, suspect for these applications, their extensive use notwithstanding. Operations data reviewed focused primarily on clay-bonded filters, for which a great deal of experience exists. The authors used the clay-bonded filter experience as a point of reference for their review and analysis.

Judkins, R.R.; Stinton, D.P.; DeVan, J.H. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Metals and Ceramics Div.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

An Investigation of Teacher Trust in the Principal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of efficacy and the organizational health of schools. Theof efficacy and the organizational health of schools. The

Makiewicz, Monica Kathleen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Demonstration Assessment of Light Emitting Diode (LED) Residential Downlights and Undercabinet Lights in the Lane County Tour of Homes, Eugene, Oregon  

SciTech Connect

In August 2008 the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted a light emitting diode (LED) residential lighting demonstration project for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Building Technologies, as part of DOEs Solid State Lighting (SSL) Technology Demonstration Gateway Program. Two lighting technologies, an LED replacement for downlight lamps (bulbs) and an LED undercabinet lighting fixture, were tested in the demonstration which was conducted in two homes built for the 2008 Tour of Homes in Eugene, Oregon. The homes were built by the Lane County Home Builders Association (HBA), and Future B Homes. The Energy Trust of Oregon (ETO) also participated in the demonstration project. The LED downlight product, the LR6, made by Cree LED Lighting Solutions acts as a screw-in replacement for incandescent and halogen bulbs in recessed can downlights. The second product tested is Phillips/Color Kinetics eW Profile Powercore undercabinet fixture designed to mount under kitchen cabinets to illuminate the countertop and backsplash surfaces. Quantitative and qualitative measurements of light performance and electrical power usage were taken at each site before and after initially installed halogen and incandescent lamps were replaced with the LED products. Energy savings and simple paybacks were also calculated and builders who toured the homes were surveyed for their responses to the LED products. The LED downlight product drew 12 Watts of power, cutting energy use by 82% compared to the 65W incandescent lamp and by 84% compared to the 75W halogen lamp. The LED undercabinet fixture drew 10 watts, cutting energy use by 83% to 90% compared to the halogen product, which was tested at two power settings: a low power 60W setting and a high power 105W setting. The LED downlight consistently provided more light than the halogen and incandescent lamps in horizontal measurements at counter height and floor level. It also outperformed in vertical illuminance measurements taken on the walls, indicating better lateral dispersion of the light. The undercabinet fixtures light output was midway between the low and high power halogen undercabinet fixture light outputs (35.8 foot candle versus 13.4 fc and 53.4 fc) but it produced a more uniform light (max/min ratio of 7.0 versus 10.8). The color correlated temperature (CCT, the blue or yellowness) of the LED light correlated well with the halogen and incandescent lights (2675 K vs 2700 K). The color rendering of the LED downlight also correlated well at 92 CRI compared to 100 CRI for the halogen and incandescent lamps. The LED undercabinet fixture had measures of 2880 K CCT and 71 CRI compared to the 2700 K and 100 CRI scores for the halogen undercabinet fixture. Builders who toured the homes were surveyed; they gave the LED downlight high marks for brightness, said the undercabinet improved shadows and glare and said both products improved overall visibility, home appearance, and home value. Paybacks on the LED downlight ranged from 7.6 years (assuming electricity cost of 11 c/kWh) to 13.5 years (at 5C/kWh). Paybacks on the LED undercabinet fixture in a new home ranged from 4.4 years (11c/kWh electricity) to 7.6 years (5c/kWh) based on product costs of $95 per LED downlight and $140 per LED undercabinet fixture at 3 hrs per day of usage for the downlight and 2 hrs per day for the undercabinet lighting.

Ton, My K.; Richman, Eric E.; Gilbride, Theresa L.

2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

486

LED exit signs: Improved technology leads the way to energy savings  

SciTech Connect

Recent innovations in light-emitting diode (LED) exit signs may make LED signs the best choice among the energy efficient options available. In the past, LED signs have offered low power consumption, projected long lamp life, and low maintenance requirements. Now, the best of the LED signs also offer improved optical designs that reduce their already low power consumption while improving visibility and appearance, and even reduce their cost. LED exit signs are gaining market share, and E Source expects this technology to eventually dominate over incandescent, compact fluorescent, and electroluminescent signs. More research is needed, however, to confirm manufacturers` claims of 20-year operating lives for LED signs. Conservative estimates place the number of exit signs in US buildings at about 40 million. Although each sign represents a very small part of a building`s load, exit signs are ready targets for energy efficiency upgrades -- they operate continuously and most use inefficient incandescent sources. With an LED sign, annual energy and maintenance costs can be reduced by more than 90 percent compared to a typical incandescent sign. Low annual costs help to offset the LED sign`s relatively high first cost. More than 25 utilities offer DSM incentives for energy efficient exit signs, and efficient alternatives are becoming more readily available. Recent improvements in optical designs enable many LED signs to visually out perform other sources. In addition to these benefits, LED exit signs have lower life cycle cost than most other options. The biggest barrier to their success, however, is that their first cost has been considerably higher than competing technologies. LED sign prices are falling rapidly, though, because manufacturers are continually improving optical designs of the fixtures to use fewer LEDs and thus even less energy while providing better performance.

Sardinsky, R.; Hawthorne, S.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

487

LED traffic lights: New technology signals major energy savings  

SciTech Connect

Using light-emitting diode technology to replace incandescent lamps in traffic signals promises energy savings upwards of 60 percent for each of the estimated quarter of a million controlled intersections in the United States. LED units use only 9 to 25 watts instead of the 67 to 150 watts used by each incandescent lamp. Though their first cost is relatively high, energy savings result in paybacks of 1 to 5 years. LED retrofit kits are available for red signal disks and arrows, and installations in several states have proven successful, although minor improvements are addressing concerns about varying light output and controller circuitry. Retrofitting green lamps is not yet feasible, because color standards of the Institute of Traffic Engineers cannot be met with existing LED technology. Yellow lamps have such low duty factors (they`re on only 3 percent of the time) that retrofitting with LED signals is not cost-effective. LEDs last much longer than incandescents, allowing municipalities to not only reduce their electricity bills, but to save on maintenance costs as well. As further incentive, some utilities are beginning to implement rebate programs for LED traffic signal retrofits. Full approval of LED units is still awaited from the Institute of Traffic Engineers (ITE), the standard-setting body for traffic safety devices. Local and state governments ultimately decide what specifications to require for traffic lights, and the growing body of successful field experience with LEDs appears to be raising their comfort level with the technology. The California Department of Transportation is developing an LED traffic light specification, and two California utilities, Southern California Edison and Pacific Gas and Electric, have provided rebates for some pilot installations.

Houghton, D.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

488

Microsoft Word - EXC-12-0009.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

) ) ) Satco Products, Inc. ) Case No.: EXC-12-0009 ) Filing Date: May 25, 2012 ) _____________________________ ) Issued: July 20, 2012 ____________________ Decision and Order ____________________ This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by Satco Products, Inc. (Satco or the Applicant), seeking exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, the Applicant asserts that it will face a serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to comply with the Lighting

489

U.S. DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Program or Field Office: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy: Phase III Xlerator Program Funding Opportunity Number DE-FOA-0000397 Applicant Name: Universal Display Corporation Location: Ewing, NJ Project Title Energy Saving Phosphorescent OLED Luminaires Proposed Action or Project Description American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) are potentially inexpensive and highly efficient diffuse light sources that may compete directly with and offer a 'green' alternative to incandescent and fluorescent light sources. OLEDs also offer unique design possibilities that could potentially revolutionize the industry

490

2006 Draft Rulemaking Activities Data Sheets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2006 DRAFT RULEMAKING 2006 DRAFT RULEMAKING ACTIVITIES DATA SHEETS APPLIANCE STANDARDS BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY October 2005 1 Table of Contents (alphabetical order) Product Rulemaking Page Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps less than 65 kBtu/hr, 3-Phase (Commercial) Standards 1 Automatic Ice Makers (Commercial) Standards 2 Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Determination 3 Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Test Procedure 4 Ceiling Fans and Ceiling Fan Light Kits Standards 5 Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps (Residential) Standards 9 Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps (Residential) Test Procedure 10 Certain Incandescent Reflector Lamps (ER/BR) Coverage 11 Clothes Dryers (Residential) Standards 12

491

The Demand Side: Behavioral Patterns and Unpicked Low-Hanging Fruit  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

The Demand Side: Behavioral Patterns and The Demand Side: Behavioral Patterns and Unpicked Low-Hanging Fruit James Sweeney Stanford University Director Precourt Energy Efficiency Center (Née: Precourt Institute for Energy Efficiency) Professor, Management Science and Engineering 6 Source: McKinsey & Co. Increased commercial space Gasoline Price Controls Compact Fluorescent Penetration LED: Traffic Lights, Task Lighting Appliance Energy Labeling Gasoline Rationing Much Incandescent Lighting Congestion Pricing Personal Computer Penetration Optimized Building Construction Overly Strict Building Standards Pigouvian Energy Tax Reduced Cost Decreased Energy Use "Smart" Regional Land Development Reformed Fuel Efficiency Standards Some Rail Rapid Transit Systems Efficient AC-DC Converters Halt SUV

492

Optical double-slit particle measuring system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for in situ measurement of particle size is described. The size information is obtained by scanning an image of the particle across a double-slit mask and observing the transmitted light. This method is useful when the particle size of primary interest is 3..mu..m and larger. The technique is well suited to applications in which the particles are non-spherical and have unknown refractive index. It is particularly well suited to high temperature environments in which the particle incandescence provides the light source.

Tichenor, D.A.; Wang, J.C.F.; Hencken, K.R.

1982-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

493

Microsoft Word - EXC-12-0005.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Halco Lighting Technologies ) Case No.: EXC-12-0005 Halco Lighting Technologies ) Case No.: EXC-12-0005 ) Filing Date: April 20, 2012 ) ___________________________________ ) Issued: July 10, 2012 ____________________ Decision and Order ____________________ This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by Halco Lighting Technologies (Halco or the Applicant), seeking temporary exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, the Applicant asserts that it will face a serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to comply with

494

EXC-12-0010  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

) ) ) DLU Lighting USA ) Case No.: EXC-12-0010 ) Filing Date: June 25, 2012 ) _____________________________ ) Issued: September 6, 2012 ____________________ Decision and Order ____________________ This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by DLU Lighting USA (DLU or the Applicant), seeking exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, the Applicant asserts that it will face a serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to comply with the Lighting

495

New and Underutilized Technology: Airfield LED Lighting | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology: Airfield LED Lighting Technology: Airfield LED Lighting New and Underutilized Technology: Airfield LED Lighting October 7, 2013 - 8:57am Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for airfield LED lighting within the Federal sector. Benefits Airfield LED lighting is a good application for colored LED lights since the LED is monochromatic. Reduced maintenance costs dramatically improve economics over existing incandescent. Application Airfield LED lighting is applicable at airports as wells military and domestic air stations and bases. Key Factors for Deployment Federal agencies must determine Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approval requirements before deployment. Ranking Criteria Federal energy savings, cost-effectiveness, and probability of success are

496

Microsoft Word - EXC-12-0014.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Topaz Lighting Corporation. ) Case No.: EXC-12-0014 Topaz Lighting Corporation. ) Case No.: EXC-12-0014 ) Filing Date: October 1, 2012 ) ___________________________________ ) Issued: November 19, 2012 ____________________ Decision and Order ____________________ This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by Topaz Lighting Corporation, (Topaz or the Applicant), seeking exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its request, the Applicant asserts that it will suffer serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of burdens if it is required to comply with the Lighting

497

Property:Regulations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Regulations Property Type String Description Regulations as listed on cleanenergysolutions.org Agriculture Efficiency Requirements Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling Audit Requirements Building Certification Building Codes Cost Recovery/Allocation Emissions Mitigation Scheme Emissions Standards Enabling Legislation Energy Standards Feebates Feed-in Tariffs Fuel Efficiency Standards Incandescent Phase-Out Mandates/Targets Net Metering & Interconnection Resource Integration Planning Safety Standards Upgrade Requirements Utility/Electricity Service Costs Subproperties This property has the following 43 subproperties: 2 2010 Vehicle Technologies Market Report A A Strategy for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in the United Kingdom and Beyond

498

Microsoft Word - EXC-12-0007.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

) ) ) Tailored Lighting, Inc. ) Case No.: EXC-12-0007 ) Filing Date: May 7, 2012 ) _____________________________ ) Issued: October 23, 2012 ____________________ Decision and Order ____________________ This Decision and Order considers an Application for Exception filed by Tailored Lighting, Inc. (TLI or the Applicant), seeking exception relief from the applicable provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, the Applicant asserts that it will face a serious hardship, gross inequity, and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to comply with the Lighting

499

ORISE: Coordinating Scientific Peer Reviews to Advance Energy Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency Energy Efficiency ORISE Reviews and Evaluates Technologies that Advance Energy Efficiency ORISE Reviews and Evaluates Technologies that Advance Energy Efficiency In addition to renewable energy and changes in individual behavior, energy efficiency is generally achieved through the development of more efficient technologies. Buildings are being constructed with more energy efficient systems, fluorescent light bulbs are replacing incandescent lights, and new vehicle technologies are enabling America to use less petroleum. The Oak Ridge Institute for Science Education (ORISE) realizes that energy efficiency encompasses a wide spectrum of industries and supports the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in its mission to reduce America's dependence on foreign oil.

500

Westinghouse Lighting: Noncompliance Determination (2010-CE-09/1001) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Westinghouse Lighting: Noncompliance Determination Westinghouse Lighting: Noncompliance Determination (2010-CE-09/1001) Westinghouse Lighting: Noncompliance Determination (2010-CE-09/1001) June 14, 2010 DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Westinghouse Lighting Corporation finding that various models of incandescent reflector lamps do not comport with the energy conservation standards. DOE determined the products were noncompliant based on the company's own testing. Westinghouse Lighting must immediately notify each person (or company) to whom Westinghouse Lighting distributed the noncompliant products that the products do not meet Federal standards. In addition, Westinghouse Lighting must provide to DOE documents and records showing the number of units Westinghouse Lighting distributed and to whom. The manufacturer