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1

from Microsoft's Bill Gates. Summer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

with backing from Microsoft's Bill Gates. Summer fun (pages 4-5) All aboard a bus or train and tour Y-12 and the Secret City. August 2012 Visit us Many phrases can be used to...

2

BILL GATES, AIDS GIVING, AND TAX REBATES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

BILL GATES, AIDS GIVING, AND TAX REBATES ... Gates Foundation's support for global health inspires ideas on how to spend the tax rebate ...

PAMELA S. ZURER

2001-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

3

Science Lecture: Talking the Higgs Boson with Dr. Joseph Incandela |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Science Lecture: Talking the Higgs Boson with Dr. Joseph Incandela Science Lecture: Talking the Higgs Boson with Dr. Joseph Incandela Science Lecture: Talking the Higgs Boson with Dr. Joseph Incandela Addthis Speakers Dr. Joseph Incandela, Steven Chu, Dr. W. F. Brinkman Topic Innovation WILLIAM BRINKMAN: Good morning. I'm Bill Brinkman, I'm the director of the Office of Science, and I'd like to thank all of you for joining us at our third science lecture. These - those of you who are here in the auditorium as well as all of you who are watching online at Germantown, so we hope we have a good audience out there as well as here. I'd especially like to welcome our distinguished guest Joe Incandela and Secretary Steven Chu. You'll hear from Joe and about the - and about the Higgs boson in a few moments. I'm proud of the work that he and so

4

Bill Gates and Deputy Secretary Poneman Discuss the Energy Technology Landscape  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Bill Gates and Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman discuss the future of energy technology during the twenty-second Plenary Meeting of the Nuclear Suppliers Group.

5

VIDEO: Bill Gates and Secretary Chu Chat on the Future of Energy |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

VIDEO: Bill Gates and Secretary Chu Chat on the Future of Energy VIDEO: Bill Gates and Secretary Chu Chat on the Future of Energy VIDEO: Bill Gates and Secretary Chu Chat on the Future of Energy March 5, 2012 - 1:24pm Addthis Secretary Chu sits down with Microsoft Founder and Chairman Bill Gates at the 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Last week, attendees at the 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit heard from a variety of leaders from across the research, business and government sectors who spoke at the conference of nearly 2,400. These speakers, along with the startup companies and innovators in attendance, converged outside of Washington, D.C., to offer their take on how America can tackle our energy challenges. One of the top-level highlights from the Summit included this fireside chat

6

ARPA-E Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Gates, Fred  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Gates, Fred Smith and Lee Scott ARPA-E Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Gates, Fred Smith and Lee Scott September 9, 2011 - 9:25am Addthis New York, NY - The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) Director, Arun Majumdar, announced yesterday that the Agency will hold its third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit from February 27 - 29, 2012 at the Gaylord Convention Center just outside Washington, D.C. Bill Gates, founder and chairman of Microsoft; Fred Smith, chairman, president and CEO of FedEx; and Lee Scott, former CEO of Wal-Mart; will join Secretary Chu and Director Majumdar as distinguished keynote speakers. "After two successful Summits, I'm excited to once again bring some of

7

Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and America's Top Energy Thought Leaders Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and America's Top Energy Thought Leaders February 28, 2012 - 7:02am Addthis Washington D.C. - This week, the Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) is hosting its third annual Energy Innovation Summit, which is designed to unite key players from all sectors of America's energy innovation community to share ideas for how to lead the world in the development of next generation clean energy technologies, develop our nation's energy resources, and build an American economy that lasts. Tomorrow's full agenda with speakers is below. For specific press requests, please contact Keri Fulton at keri.fulton@hq.doe.gov.

8

Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and America's Top Energy Thought Leaders Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and America's Top Energy Thought Leaders February 28, 2012 - 7:02am Addthis Washington D.C. - This week, the Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) is hosting its third annual Energy Innovation Summit, which is designed to unite key players from all sectors of America's energy innovation community to share ideas for how to lead the world in the development of next generation clean energy technologies, develop our nation's energy resources, and build an American economy that lasts. Tomorrow's full agenda with speakers is below. For specific press requests, please contact Keri Fulton at keri.fulton@hq.doe.gov.

9

2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit: Fireside Chat with Steven Chu and Bill Gates  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit was held in Washington D.C. in February, 2012. The event brought together key players from across the energy ecosystem - researchers, entrepreneurs, investors, corporate executives, and government officials - to share ideas for developing and deploying the next generation of energy technologies. This video captures a session called 'Fireside Chat' that featured Steven Chu, the Secretary of Energy, and Bill Gates, Chairman of Microsoft Corporation. The session is moderated by John Podesta, Chair of the Center for American Progress. Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Microsoft Founder and Chairman Bill Gates exchanged ideas about how small businesses and innovators can overcome the challenges that face many startups.

Chu, Steven (U.S. Department of Energy Secretary); Gates, Bill (Microsoft, Chairman); Podesta, John (Center for American Progress, Chair and Counselor)

2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

10

ARPA-E Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Gates, Fred Smith and Lee Scott ARPA-E Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Gates, Fred Smith and Lee Scott September...

11

Bill Wicker  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

[[{"type":"media","view_mode":"media_large","fid":"745576","attributes":{"alt":"Photo of Bill Wicker","class":"media-image caption","style":"width: 161px; height: 201px; float: right;","typeof":...

12

Bill Maurer Curriculum Vitae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

proceedings 2013 `When perhaps the real problem is money itself!' The practical materiality of Bitcoin. Bill

Brody, James P.

13

HOUSE PASSES ENERGY BILLS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Among the dissimilarities, the House bill would require that, by 2020, utilities generate 15% of their electricity from renewable sources—wind, solar, and hydropower. ...

JEFF JOHNSON

2007-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

14

HII Absorption Bill Erickson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HII Absorption Bill Erickson November 10, 2006 It would make all of the drift curve simulations.8 dB above the data. One reason for this might be HII absorption which is not modeled in simulations. There are a number of ways that one might try to estimate the absorption. One might use optical maps of HII

Ellingson, Steven W.

15

Category:Billings, MT | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MT MT Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Billings, MT" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Billings MT NorthWestern Corporation.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 64 KB SVHospital Billings MT NorthWestern Corporation.png SVHospital Billings MT... 62 KB SVLargeHotel Billings MT NorthWestern Corporation.png SVLargeHotel Billings ... 62 KB SVLargeOffice Billings MT NorthWestern Corporation.png SVLargeOffice Billings... 62 KB SVMediumOffice Billings MT NorthWestern Corporation.png SVMediumOffice Billing... 62 KB SVMidriseApartment Billings MT NorthWestern Corporation.png SVMidriseApartment Bil... 63 KB SVOutPatient Billings MT NorthWestern Corporation.png SVOutPatient Billings ...

16

Administrative Billing Procedures (pbl/contracts)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(Post-2006) Subscription Contracts IOUPublic Settlement Slice of the System Billing Procedures Firstgov Power Business Line (PBL) Administrative Billing Procedures This page has...

17

Differentially Private Billing with Rebates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A number of established and novel business models are based on fine grained billing, including pay-per-view, mobile messaging, voice calls, pay-as-you-drive insurance, smart metering for utility provision, pri...

George Danezis; Markulf Kohlweiss; Alfredo Rial

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Bill Lewis | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bill Lewis Bill Lewis About Us Bill Lewis William A. Lewis, Jr. was appointed Deputy Director of the Office of Civil Rights and Diversity in October 2005. Prior to this appointment, Mr. Lewis was named Director, Office of Employee Concerns, as part of a Secretarial Whistleblower initiative on October 1, 1996. The Employee Concerns Office at the United States Department of Energy Headquarters was established to provide the necessary leadership and policy guidance to employee concerns programs at the Department's major facilities. In February 2002, Mr. Lewis was named the National Ombudsman for the Department, a position he held for three years. Prior to these appointments, Mr. Lewis served as the Director of the Office of Science Education Programs. Mr. Lewis joined the Department of Energy in July 1992 and became a member

19

Bill Valdez | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bill Valdez Bill Valdez About Us Bill Valdez - Principal Deputy Director Mr. Valdez is the Principal Deputy Director of the Office of Economic Impact and Diversity (ED). Mr. Valdez's career with the Department of Energy spans over 17 years, providing him with extensive knowledge in the areas of workforce development, budget planning, diversity and equal opportunity issues, science policy, corporate and strategic planning, and contract management. In his current position, Mr. Valdez plays a pivotal role in setting overall strategic direction for DOE's diversity, minority education, civil rights, and small business initiatives and activities. Mr. Valdez works with Department program offices to develop a corporate funding strategy for minority institutions to ensure that faculty and

20

Know Your Energy Bill! | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

keep track of your energy bill? Tell Us Addthis Keeping track of your power bill can help you make informed decisions about energy use in your home. | Photo courtesy of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

ELECTRONIC BILLING EXEMPTION APPEAL Return this form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELECTRONIC BILLING EXEMPTION APPEAL Return this form In person on campus: 333 Science Teaching or black ink. DIRECTIONS To be considered for an exemption from an electronic billing, which is mandatory to be exempt from electronic billing. If you circumstances are similar to the following examples, you may

Amin, S. Massoud

22

Indoor air quality bill opposed by EPA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Indoor air quality bill opposed by EPA ... Sen. George J. Mitchell (D.-Me.) has introduced a bill to protect the quality of indoor air. ... According to J. Craig Potter, assistant EPA administrator for air and radiation, the "Indoor Air Quality Act of 1987," S. 1629, is a bill whose time has not yet arrived. ...

LOIS EMBER

1987-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

23

When Utility Bills Attack! | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

When Utility Bills Attack! When Utility Bills Attack! When Utility Bills Attack! March 1, 2010 - 11:05am Addthis Amy Foster Parish It may come as a shock to my college math professor, but where my family's finances are concerned, I'm a budgeter. Just before a new month begins, I take some time to plan for the month's regular bills as well as any special events or holidays that might require setting some extra money aside. I even have a special notebook to track all this financial data (and shopping for a new notebook every year is half the fun of fiscal responsibility). But as proactive as I am with my monthly budgeting, I tend to be reactive when it comes to my monthly utility bills. I take a guess at what my bill will be at the beginning of the month, and then I'm either excited when the

24

East Gate  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

East East Gate to: Rt. 59 Fermilab Village Main Entrance B u tt e r fi e ld R d . to: Farnsworth Ave, I-88 Kirk Rd. Site 56 Site 55 Buffalo Farm Lederman Science Center (Public Welcome) Prairie Trails Dog Training Area Nature Area Lake Law A.E. Sea Technical Division Illinois Accelerator Research Center Feynman Computing Center Muon Delivery Ring Main Injector Tevatron Test Accelerators Site 37 Site 39 Site 38 Neutrino Experiments Silicon Detector Facility Test Beam Facility DAB Site 50 Wilson Hall & Ramsey Auditorium (Public Welcome) Wilson St. Gate (Deliveries, Employees) NML CMTF A 1 R D D R D B RD S E O LA R D B A T A V I A R D E WILSON ST WILSON ST P IN E S T P O W E R L I N E R D N E O LA R D MCCHESNEY RD A B C D E 5 4 3 2 1 ´ 0 0.5 1 0.25 Miles Trails Public Areas Buildings Roads/Parking Ponds Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory 2013 Fermilab Site Map

25

Nuclear waste bill dead for this year  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear waste bill dead for this year ... "Politics pure and simple" killed compromise legislation to create an interim storage facility in Nevada for commercial high-level nuclear waste, say bill proponents in Congress and in the nuclear power industry. ... Last year, bills passed both the House and Senate that would have required the government to, among other things, temporarily store nuclear waste until a permanent facility could be built. ...

JEFF JOHNSON

1998-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

26

Nuclear waste storage bill passes Congress  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear waste storage bill passes Congress ... The law sets up provisions to evaluate ways to store spent nuclear fuel and wastes. ...

1983-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

27

Net Energy Billing | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Billing Energy Billing Net Energy Billing < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Net Metering Provider Maine Public Utilities Commission All of Maine's electric utilities -- investor-owned utilities (IOUs), consumer-owned utilities (COUs), which include municipal utilities and electric cooperatives -- must offer net energy billing for individual customers. Furthermore IOUs are required to offer net metering for shared ownership customers, while COUs may offer net metering to shared ownership

28

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Billings Hospital - Small...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Billings Hospital - Small Animal Facility - University of Chicago - IL 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Billings Hospital, Small Animal Facility, University of Chicago (IL 01)...

29

Data Management Policies Co-Chairs: Bill Allcock, Julia White  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Policies Co-Chairs: Bill Allcock, Julia White HPCOR 2014, June 18-19, Oakland, CA 1 Contributors * Bill Allcock, ANL * Sasha Ames, LLNL * Ashley Barker, ORNL * Laura...

30

Office of Personnel Management (OPM) Billing System PIA, Office...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Office of Personnel Management (OPM) Billing System PIA, Office of Health, Safety and Security Office of Personnel Management (OPM) Billing System PIA, Office of Health, Safety and...

31

Two Years Later: Bill Picciano of DOE's Savannah River Site ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

-- Bill put in for the job. Within two months, Bill officially became an Associate EngineerTechnical Support Specialist at SRS with the Nuclear Nonproliferation (NNP)...

32

The Honorable Bill Johnson j.  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

- Department of En&gy, - Department of En&gy, Washington, DC 20585 \APR 0 3 7995 The Honorable Bill Johnson j. 30 Church Street, Rochester, New-York 14614 / Dear MayorJohnson: 'I Secretary of Energy Hazel O'Leary has announced a'nei approach to openness in the Department of'Energy (DDE) and its communications with the public. In, support of this initiative, we are pleased to forward the enclosed info&tion related to the former University of. Rochester site in, your jurisdiction performed work for DOE or its predecessor agencies. Thins information is provided for your information, use, and retqntion. DDE's Formerly Utilized SitesRemedial Action Program.isI responsible for identification of sites used by DOE's predecessor agencies, determining current 'radiological condition.'and, where, it has authority, performing

33

Reducing the Federal Energy Bill  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 Reducing the Federal Energy Bill Berkeley Lab's Work with the Federal Energy Management Program It costs billions of dollars and uses more energy than any other entity in the United States. What is it? Answer: the Federal government. In fiscal year 1995, the Federal government spent $8 billion on a net energy consumption of 1.15 quadrillion BTUs. While that may be a lot of energy in absolute terms, the numbers have been improving for years. Compared with fiscal year 1985, the 1995 energy-use figure is down by 22.5%, and the costs are down $2.5 billion. The decline is explained in part by the activities of FEMP (the Federal Energy Management Program) and the efforts of energy-efficiency experts at national laboratories, such as those at Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy

34

Consumer access to utility billing envelopes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Billing envelope inserts are a medium of advertising used by utilities for a variety of purposes, from encouraging conservation to expressing political opinions. Recently, consumer groups have begun to assert a right of access to the same medium. A constitutional right of reply has been advocated. Commissions have found regulatory authority to direct companies to provide access on the basis of several different theories. At least two states have passed legislation permitting consumer groups to use bill inserts to solicit members and contributions. When examined, these developments reveal a trend of granting organizations access to utility billing envelopes.

Anglin, M.K.

1984-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

35

Evaluatoni of Automated Utility Bill Calibration Methods  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Evaluation of Automated Utility Bill Calibration Methods BA Technical Update Meeting Ben Polly, Joe Robertson 04/30/13 Utility Bill Calibration * "Calibrate" or "true-up" building energy models to utility bill data to increase the accuracy of retrofit savings predictions * Calibration methods typically involve adjusting input parameters * Predict retrofit savings using the adjusted (calibrated) model 2 Background: BESTEST-EX * BESTEST-EX is a suite for testing calibration methods and retrofit savings predictions associated with audit software * Field trials showed that:

36

W. Bill Booth Bruce A. Measure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

W. Bill Booth Chair Idaho Bruce A. Measure Vice-Chair Montana James A. Yost Idaho Tom Karier the ISRP and the CSKT held a teleconference on March 30, 2007. On May 25, 2007 received the revised

37

Bill Nye (Energy All Stars Presentation)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Bill Nye the Science Guy delivered this presentation on space and the lessons about climate change that can be gleaned from the other planets in our solar system at the Energy All Stars event on...

38

W. Bill Booth Bruce A. Measure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

W. Bill Booth Chair Idaho Bruce A. Measure Vice-Chair Montana James A. Yost Idaho Tom Karier on the consultations held with entities through the October Council meeting and the key themes from those discussions

39

Nuclear Subsidies in the House Climate bill (H.R. 2454) and Senate Energy bill (S. 1462)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Subsidies in the House Climate bill (H.R. 2454) and Senate Energy bill (S. 1462) Subsidy per year. #12;Sense of Congress in favor of nuclear power No Yes The Senate energy bill includes for nuclear power R&D No Yes The Senate bill authorizes $5.17 billion from FY2010-FY2013 for nuclear energy

Laughlin, Robert B.

40

ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT APPROPRIATIONS BILL, FY 2011 Senate Bill 3635, Report 111-228  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT APPROPRIATIONS BILL, FY 2011 Senate Bill 3635, Report 111. Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) would be funded at $384.0 million, a decrease of $42.0 million below the FY10 enacted level and $4.0 million above the budget request. FUSION ENERGY SCIENCES The Committee

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach: USDA Farm Bill State Workshop  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Rural Rural Communities Printable Version Bookmark and Share Agricultural & Rural Farm Bill Outreach Articles Wind for Homeowners, Farmers, & Businesses Wind Farms Resources & Tools Native Americans USDA Farm Bill State Workshop Materials The Farm Bill presentations below were used at four Farm Bill Workshops in Montana, February 2004. We encourage state wind working groups to use the presentations below in their state workshops to help farmers, ranchers, and rural small businesses take advantage of the USDA Farm Bill (Section 9006) grants for renewable energy projects. These presentations will help those interested in developing wind projects to organize, write, and submit an application for funding assistance under the Farm Bill. Introduction to Wind Energy Applications

42

Bill Sergeant ? An icon of Oak Ridge Security  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bill Sergeant - An icon of Oak Ridge Security On Friday, February 18, 2011, I attended the burial and celebration of life of Bill Sergeant. He was loved by family, admired by...

43

Energy Efficiency Tricks to Stop Your Energy Bill from Haunting...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Efficiency Tricks to Stop Your Energy Bill from Haunting You Energy Efficiency Tricks to Stop Your Energy Bill from Haunting You October 31, 2014 - 9:25am Addthis This Halloween,...

44

On Bill Financing: SDG&E/SoCalGas  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Information about On-Bill Financing used by Southern California Gas Company and the different options the program offers.

45

Assembly Bill No. 1007 CHAPTER 371  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) to Chapter 4 of Part 5 of Division 26 of the Health and Safety Code, relating to air pollution. [Approved on emissions of air contaminants for the control of air pollution from vehicular and nonvehicular sources responsibility for the control of vehicular air pollution. This bill would require that, not later than June 30

46

The Balanced Billing Cycle Vehicle Routing Problem  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utility companies typically send their meter readers out each day of the billing cycle in order to determine each customer s usage for the period. Customer churn requires the utility company to periodically remove some customer locations from its meter-reading routes. On the other hand, the addition of new customers and locations requires the utility company to add newstops to the existing routes. A utility that does not adjust its meter-reading routes over time can find itself with inefficient routes and, subsequently, higher meter-reading costs. Furthermore, the utility can end up with certain billing days that require substantially larger meter-reading resources than others. However, remedying this problem is not as simple as it may initially seem. Certain regulatory and customer service considerations can prevent the utility from shifting a customer s billing day by more than a few days in either direction. Thus, the problem of reducing the meterreading costs and balancing the workload can become quite difficult. We describe this Balanced Billing Cycle Vehicle Routing Problem in more detail and develop an algorithm for providing solutions to a slightly simplified version of the problem. Our algorithm uses a combination of heuristics and integer programming via a three-stage algorithm. We discuss the performance of our procedure on a real-world data set.

Groer, Christopher S [ORNL; Golden, Bruce [University of Maryland; Edward, Wasil [American University

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

-----Original Message-----From: Bill Eastlake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-----Original Message----- From: Bill Eastlake Sent: Friday, December 12, 2003 1:56 PM To: comments@nwcouncil.org Subject: Personal comments--NOT OFFICIAL IPUC COMMENTS Mark Walker Director of Public Affairs Northwest Power and Conservation Council 851 SW 6th Avenue, Suite 1100 Portland, OR 97204-1348 Re: The Future Role

48

Assembly Bill No. 1632 CHAPTER 722  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

safety, and the economy. The bill would also require the commission, in absence of a long-term nuclear waste storage facility, to assess the potential state and local costs and impacts associated with accumulating waste at California's nuclear powerplants, and to further assess other key policy and planning

49

Consumer Value Segments in Mobile Bill Paying  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of the present study was to explore consumer value in mobile banking and in mobile bill paying especially. Today mobile communications technologies offer an opportunity for vast additional value for consumers' banking actions due to their ... Keywords: Consumer, value, banking, mobile banking, mobile communications

Tommi Laukkanen; Teuvo Kantanen

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

BILL HAMILTON AT SCHOOL 1949 1954 compiled by Martin Jacoby  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 BILL HAMILTON AT SCHOOL 1949 ­ 1954 compiled by Martin Jacoby Bill and I this letter to selected school contemporaries: W. D. Hamilton at Tonbridge School Dear [surname, to avoid 50 years ago. You probably know that Bill Hamilton (Smythe House 19493 ­ 19543 ) was one of the most

Amrhein, Valentin

51

Optical NAND gate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An optical NAND gate is formed from two pair of optical waveguide devices on a substrate, with each pair of the optical waveguide devices consisting of an electroabsorption modulator and a photodetector. One pair of the optical waveguide devices is electrically connected in parallel to operate as an optical AND gate; and the other pair of the optical waveguide devices is connected in series to operate as an optical NOT gate (i.e. an optical inverter). The optical NAND gate utilizes two digital optical inputs and a continuous light input to provide a NAND function output. The optical NAND gate can be formed from III-V compound semiconductor layers which are epitaxially deposited on a III-V compound semiconductor substrate, and operates at a wavelength in the range of 0.8-2.0 .mu.m.

Skogen, Erik J. (Albuquerque, NM); Raring, James (Goleta, CA); Tauke-Pedretti, Anna (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

52

Billings, Montana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Billings, Montana: Energy Resources Billings, Montana: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 45.7832856°, -108.5006904° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.7832856,"lon":-108.5006904,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

53

Billings, Montana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Billings, MT) Billings, MT) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 45.7832856°, -108.5006904° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.7832856,"lon":-108.5006904,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

54

Alternatives for reducing hot-water bills  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A two stage approach to reducing residential water heating bills is described. In Stage I, simple conservation measures were included to reduce the daily hot water energy consumption and the energy losses from the water tank. Once these savings are achieved, Stage II considers more costly options for further reducing the water heating bill. Four alternatives are considered in Stage II: gas water heaters; solar water heaters (two types); heat pump water heaters; and heat recovery from a heat pump or air conditioner. To account for variations within the MASEC region, information on water heating in Rapid City, Minneapolis, Chicago, Detroit, and Kansas City is presented in detail. Information on geography, major population centers, fuel prices, climate, and state solar incentives is covered. (MCW)

Bennington, G.E.; Spewak, P.C.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Optical NOR gate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical NOR gate is formed from two pair of optical waveguide devices on a substrate, with each pair of the optical waveguide devices consisting of an electroabsorption modulator electrically connected in series with a waveguide photodetector. The optical NOR gate utilizes two digital optical inputs and a continuous light input to provide a NOR function digital optical output. The optical NOR gate can be formed from III-V compound semiconductor layers which are epitaxially deposited on a III-V compound semiconductor substrate, and operates at a wavelength in the range of 0.8-2.0 .mu.m.

Skogen, Erik J. (Albuquerque, NM); Tauke-Pedretti, Anna (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

56

Cellular Gate Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a biochemically plausible mechanism for constructing digital logic signals and gates of significant complexity within living cells. These mechanisms rely largely on co-opting existing biochemical machinery and ...

Knight, Thomas F.

1998-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

57

Advanced insulated gate bipolar transistor gate drive  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gate drive for an insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) includes a control and protection module coupled to a collector terminal of the IGBT, an optical communications module coupled to the control and protection module, a power supply module coupled to the control and protection module and an output power stage module with inputs coupled to the power supply module and the control and protection module, and outputs coupled to a gate terminal and an emitter terminal of the IGBT. The optical communications module is configured to send control signals to the control and protection module. The power supply module is configured to distribute inputted power to the control and protection module. The control and protection module outputs on/off, soft turn-off and/or soft turn-on signals to the output power stage module, which, in turn, supplies a current based on the signal(s) from the control and protection module for charging or discharging an input capacitance of the IGBT.

Short, James Evans (Monongahela, PA); West, Shawn Michael (West Mifflin, PA); Fabean, Robert J. (Donora, PA)

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

58

Apartment Hunting - Part II - Keeping those Energy Bills Down |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- Part II - Keeping those Energy Bills Down - Part II - Keeping those Energy Bills Down Apartment Hunting - Part II - Keeping those Energy Bills Down August 23, 2010 - 5:17pm Addthis Kyle Rudzinski Special Assistant to the Director of Technology Advancement and Outreach, EERE I recently went looking for a new apartment. And though my parents may say I'm stingy, I like to think I'm economical. Or better yet, I'm a bargain hunter. I asked myself three main questions when looking for my new place: How far is it from public transit and community businesses? Can I keep my energy bills to a minimum? What's the rent? In the second of two entries on apartment hunting, I discuss things to look for that might help keep your energy bills low. When you think about it, energy bills can, in effect, increase your rent

59

On-Bill Financing for Energy Efficiency Improvements Toolkit...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Publications Financing Energy Upgrades for K-12 School Districts On-Bill Financing for Energy Efficiency Improvements: A Review of Current Program Challenges, Opportunities, and...

60

On-Bill Financing for Energy Efficiency Improvements: A Review...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Improvements: A Review of Current Program Challenges, Opportunities, and Best Practices On-Bill Financing for Energy Efficiency Improvements: A Review of Current Program...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

On-Bill Financing and Repayment Programs | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to pay for investments in clean energy upgrades through their utility. While electric utilities and natural gas companies typically run on-bill programs, there is an opportunity...

62

2005 Double white lines on bills of Razorbill 103 DOUBLE WHITE LINES ON THE BILL OF THE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2005 Double white lines on bills of Razorbill 103 DOUBLE WHITE LINES ON THE BILL OF THE RAZORBILL.L., MUZAFFAR S.B. & JONES I.L. Lavers J.L., Muzaffar S.B. & Jones I.L. 2006. Double white lines on the bill Seabirds 7(3): 103-108. One of the diagnostic features of the Razorbill Alca torda is the distinct white

Jones, Ian L.

63

University of Toronto | Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering | Research Awards The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Canada: Carbon Management Canada David Sinton (MIE) Co-investigator: Amy Bazylak (MIE) A pore scale

64

Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Lamar Alexander (TN) Location: Hall A 9:05 AM Keynote Presentation by Frederick W. Smith, FedEx Corporation, Chairman, President and CEO Location: Hall A 9:35 AM Fireside Chat...

65

UNO Student Health Services Patient's Bill of Rights and Responsibilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

health care program. UNO Student Health Services Human Performance Center Rm. 109 (504) 280-6387 wwwUNO Student Health Services Patient's Bill of Rights and Responsibilities Patient's Bill of Rights to the Health Service regarding its operations and the right to change caregivers for any reason. #12;Patient

Kulp, Mark

66

E:\BILLS\H6.PP  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

July 14, 2005 July 14, 2005 Ordered to be printed as passed In the Senate of the United States, June 28, 2005. Resolved, That the bill from the House of Representa- tives (H.R. 6) entitled ''An Act to ensure jobs for our future with secure, affordable, and reliable energy.'', do pass with the following AMENDMENT: Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert: SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS. 1 (a) SHORT TITLE.-This Act may be cited as the ''En- 2 ergy Policy Act of 2005''. 3 2 HR 6 PAP (b) TABLE OF CONTENTS.-The table of contents of this 1 Act is as follows: 2 Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents. Sec. 2. Definitions. TITLE I-ENERGY EFFICIENCY Subtitle A-Federal Programs Sec. 101. Energy and water saving measures in congressional buildings. Sec. 102. Energy management requirements.

67

Expected annual electricity bill savings for various PPA price options |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Expected annual electricity bill savings for various PPA price options Expected annual electricity bill savings for various PPA price options Jump to: navigation, search Impact of Utility Rates on PV Economics Bill savings tables (main section): When evaluating PV systems under a PPA, it is important to look at the net effect on the building's annual electricity expense. If the solar value is greater than the PPA price, then the building will realize a net savings on annual energy expenses. If the solar value is less than the PPA price, then the building will realize a net loss. It is useful to understand how annual electricity expenses will be impacted at various PPA price levels. Bill Savings at PPA price of $0.04/kWhr Bill Savings at PPA price of $0.08/kWhr Bill Savings at PPA price of $0.12/kWhr Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Expected_annual_electricity_bill_savings_for_various_PPA_price_options&oldid=515464"

68

Omnibus Energy Bill of 2013 (Maine) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Omnibus Energy Bill of 2013 (Maine) Omnibus Energy Bill of 2013 (Maine) Omnibus Energy Bill of 2013 (Maine) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Climate Policies Generating Facility Rate-Making Green Power Purchasing Interconnection Line Extension Analysis Loan Program Public Benefits Fund Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals

69

Upping Efficiency Standards, Lowering Utility Bills | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Upping Efficiency Standards, Lowering Utility Bills Upping Efficiency Standards, Lowering Utility Bills Upping Efficiency Standards, Lowering Utility Bills September 2, 2010 - 4:17pm Addthis Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Using energy-efficient appliances is one of the easiest and most important ways consumers have to save money. Purchasing energy-efficient appliances is one of the easiest and most important ways consumers have to save money, reduce their electricity consumption and help cut down on carbon pollution. We use appliances every day - to cook our food, cool our homes, heat our water and clean our clothes. In fact, for a typical U.S. family, heating and cooling and water heating account for about 50 percent of utility bills. Home appliances and

70

Consumer Tips for Lowering Your Utility Bill | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Consumer Tips for Lowering Your Utility Bill Consumer Tips for Lowering Your Utility Bill Jump to: navigation, search Whether you are a residential or commercial customer, your monthly utility bill contains a wide range of data such as how much energy you use, what your current rate is, and detailed fees. Depending on how much information your utility provider offers, you can refer to it along with these tips to reduce your energy use and save money. For in-depth tips on saving energy and money at home, visit EnergySavers.gov. If you have 13 months of historical data on your bill: See if you're using more energy now than you did during the same month last year. Are you using more energy? Look for ways to use less electricity such as purchasing energy efficient appliances and lighting and using a programmable thermostat.

71

Reduce Your Heating Bills with Better Insulation | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reduce Your Heating Bills with Better Insulation Reduce Your Heating Bills with Better Insulation Reduce Your Heating Bills with Better Insulation October 3, 2008 - 11:09am Addthis John Lippert If you pay your own energy bills, you don't need to be reminded that energy prices are escalating. Energy price projections for this coming winter are not encouraging. According to the Energy Information Administration, residential natural gas prices during the upcoming heating season (October though March) are projected to average $14.93 per Mcf, an increase of about 17% compared to last year's heating season. Residential heating oil prices are projected to average $4.13 per gallon this winter, an increase of about 25%. What if you live in an all-electric house? Many utilities are continuing to pursue retail electricity rate increases in response to power generation

72

Clean Energy On-Bill Financing (Connecticut) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Clean Energy On-Bill Financing (Connecticut) Clean Energy On-Bill Financing (Connecticut) Clean Energy On-Bill Financing (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Biofuels Alternative Fuel Vehicles Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Home Weatherization Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 4/1/2014 State Connecticut Program Type State Loan Program Provider Clean Energy Finance and Investment Authority By April 1, 2014, the Energy Conservation Management Board and the Clean Energy Finance and Investment Authority (CEFIA) must consult with electric distribution companies and gas companies to develop a residential clean energy on-bill repayment program. The program will be financed by

73

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Billings Hospital - Small Animal  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Billings Hospital - Small Animal Billings Hospital - Small Animal Facility - University of Chicago - IL 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Billings Hospital, Small Animal Facility, University of Chicago (IL 01) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP due to limited scope of activities and 15 day half-life of P-32 Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Small Animal Facility, U. of Chicago IL.01-1 Location: University of Chicago , Chicago , Illinois IL.01-1 Evaluation Year: 1979 IL.01-1 Site Operations: Nature of operations is not clear. Portions of Billings Hospital were reported to have been used as an animal research facility. IL.01-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated IL.01-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Phosphorus - 32 IL.01-1

74

DOE Names Bill Drummond As New Bonneville Power Administration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Names Bill Drummond As New Bonneville Power Administration Names Bill Drummond As New Bonneville Power Administration Administrator DOE Names Bill Drummond As New Bonneville Power Administration Administrator January 16, 2013 - 7:00pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The Energy Department has chosen Bill Drummond to be the new Administrator for the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), one of the four Power Marketing Administrations (PMAs) the Department oversees. As BPA's Administrator, Drummond will be responsible for managing the non-profit federal agency, which markets carbon-free power from Columbia River hydroelectic dams and operates the surrounding power grid, distributing wind, nuclear and other energy to the Pacific Northwest and beyond. Drummond's leadership of BPA is part of a larger strategy for

75

Energy Efficiency & On-Bill Financing for Small Businesses  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Efficiency Efficiency & On-Bill Financing For Small Businesses Presentation for: Webinar DOE 05/11/2011 5/12/2011 Connecticut Energy Efficiency Fund (CEEF) Connecticut's Energy Efficiency Programs are funded by a Charge on Customer's electric bills. The Programs are designed to help customers manage their energy usage and cost. Objective PROVIDE > COST-EFFECTIVE, turn-key CONSERVATION and LOAD MANAGEMENT SERVICES to SMALL C&I CUSTOMERS. What qualifies as a SMALL BUSINESS? A "Mom & Pop" store with a $150 monthly electric bill up to a mid size manufacturing company with a $20,000 monthly electric bill. Examples: Retail, convenience stores, houses of worship, professional offices, non-profits, gas stations, restaurants, common areas of apartment buildings,

76

Reduce Your Heating Bills with Better Insulation | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reduce Your Heating Bills with Better Insulation Reduce Your Heating Bills with Better Insulation Reduce Your Heating Bills with Better Insulation October 3, 2008 - 11:09am Addthis John Lippert If you pay your own energy bills, you don't need to be reminded that energy prices are escalating. Energy price projections for this coming winter are not encouraging. According to the Energy Information Administration, residential natural gas prices during the upcoming heating season (October though March) are projected to average $14.93 per Mcf, an increase of about 17% compared to last year's heating season. Residential heating oil prices are projected to average $4.13 per gallon this winter, an increase of about 25%. What if you live in an all-electric house? Many utilities are continuing to pursue retail electricity rate increases in response to power generation

77

Take a Vacation from Your Energy Bill | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Take a Vacation from Your Energy Bill Take a Vacation from Your Energy Bill Take a Vacation from Your Energy Bill November 16, 2011 - 2:48pm Addthis Kristin Swineford Communication Specialist, Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs We are always talking about preparing our homes for energy efficiency and taking the right steps to decrease our carbon footprints as homeowners and renters. I realized today that it's already the middle of November, meaning it's time to begin preparing for holiday vacations. I can't think of a better time than now to revisit the ways we can save money on our energy bills this holiday season. In my household, there will be about seven consecutive days in December when no one will be home, not even the dog. Aside from the usual preparations, such as clothing and gift shopping,

78

Upping Efficiency Standards, Lowering Utility Bills | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Upping Efficiency Standards, Lowering Utility Bills Upping Efficiency Standards, Lowering Utility Bills Upping Efficiency Standards, Lowering Utility Bills September 2, 2010 - 4:17pm Addthis Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Using energy-efficient appliances is one of the easiest and most important ways consumers have to save money. Purchasing energy-efficient appliances is one of the easiest and most important ways consumers have to save money, reduce their electricity consumption and help cut down on carbon pollution. We use appliances every day - to cook our food, cool our homes, heat our water and clean our clothes. In fact, for a typical U.S. family, heating and cooling and water heating account for about 50 percent of utility bills. Home appliances and

79

Reach Survival Estimates, 2008 Bill Muir, Steve Smith, Doug Marsh,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reach Survival Estimates, 2008 Bill Muir, Steve Smith, Doug Marsh, John Williams, and Jim Faulkner Grand Coulee McNary IceHarbor LittleGoose LowerGranite LowerMonumental Juvenile detectors Snake R. trap

80

Bill Wilcox ? The transformation and second birth of Oak Ridge...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 As we continue to examine the transition of the city of Oak Ridge in the late 1950s toward incorporation, the speech Bill Wilcox, who was the Oak Ridge city historian until his...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Bill Wilcox ? The transformation and second birth of Oak Ridge...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 Bill Wilcox, who was the Oak Ridge city historian, until his passing on September 2, 2013, gave a speech on June 4, 2010, entitled The Transformation and Second Birth of Oak...

82

Bill Wilcox ? The transformation and second birth of Oak Ridge...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 As we continue to examine the transition of the city of Oak Ridge in the late 1950s toward incorporation, the speech Bill Wilcox, who was the Oak Ridge city historian, until his...

83

Secret Lives of Scientists & Engineers - Bill Gasper | Argonne...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

keeps 300,000 bees in his backyard. Here he's introducing a batch of bees to their new homes. Photos by Mark Lopez. 30418D005 Secret Lives of Scientists: Bill Gasper - Spring set...

84

Riehle. Dorothy From: Sent: To: Subject: Bill Green Tuesday.  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Riehle. Dorothy From: Sent: To: Subject: Bill Green . Tuesday. January 11. 2011 9:33 AM - Dorothy- CRiehle@rl.gov Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request -c-22) 2-...

85

Bill Robinson (Train2Build) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bill Robinson (Train2Build) Place: Arroyo Grande, CA Website: http:train2build.com References: Train2Build Website1 Information About...

86

FIA-14-0015- In the Matter of Bill Streifer  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On March 6, 2014, The Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) denied an Appeal filed by Bill Streifer under the FOIA of a final determination issued by the Office of Science’s Chicago Office.  Mr....

87

Summary of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers Section Lead Agency Provisions 102. Energy management goals DOE * Annual energy reduction goal of 2% from FY 2006 - FY 2015 * Reporting baseline changed from 1985 to 2003 * In 180 days, DOE issues guidelines * Retention of energy and water savings by agencies * DOE reports annually on progress to the President and Congress

88

Summary of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers of Major Energy Bill Provisions Affecting Federal Energy Managers Section Lead Agency Provisions 102. Energy management goals DOE * Annual energy reduction goal of 2% from FY 2006 - FY 2015 * Reporting baseline changed from 1985 to 2003 * In 180 days, DOE issues guidelines * Retention of energy and water savings by agencies * DOE reports annually on progress to the President and Congress

89

The effects of House Bill 72 on Texas Public Schools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for several years. In the 1985 legislative session, no changes were made to the funding provisions of House Bill 72. Despite the fact that a revenue shortage developed and many legislators wanted to curtail school funding to increase expenditures... unresponsive to economic growth. As a result, it is likely that new funds will be available for schools only if new taxes or tax increase are enacted (Joint Select Committee On Fiscal Policy, 1985). The deficiencies in House Bill 72 are likely to remain...

Reed, Rhonda Gail

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

90

NREL: Buildings Research - Utility Bill Calibration Test Cases  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Utility Bill Calibration Test Cases Utility Bill Calibration Test Cases The diagram below illustrates the utility bill calibration test cases in BESTEST-EX. In these cases, participants are given input ranges and synthetic utility bills. Software tools calibrate key model inputs using the utility bills and then predict energy savings for the different retrofit cases. Participant energy savings predictions using calibrated models are compared to NREL predictions using state-of-the-art building energy simulation programs. For self-testing, participants should not view reference results until after tested software results have been generated. This diagram provides an overview of the BESTEST-EX utility bill calibration case process. On the left side of the diagram is a box labeled "BESTEST-EX Document" with a list that contains two bulleted items. The first bullet reads "Defines a representative existing home and several retrofit measures." The second bullet reads "Provides input ranges for key model inputs." Underneath this list is an image of a house and to the right of the house is a listing of the measures: R-wall=4.5-6.2; ELA=137-216 in2 ; Tsat=60-75°F, etc. Underneath this grouping is another bullet that reads "Presents utility bills that were generated by: A) randomly selecting key model inputs within ranges (values remain hidden); B) running test cases with selected inputs in EnergyPlus, DOE2.1E, and SUNREL." Below this bullet is a bar graph showing energy savings on the y axis and retrofit measure on the x axis. Inside the graph area is text reading "Reference results remains hidden for utility bill calibration cases." An arrow labeled "Results" points horizontally to the right to the results box. From the top half of this box are two arrows that are labeled "Input Ranges" and "Utility Bills" and points horizontally to the right to another smaller box that is labeled "Audit Software Provider." Underneath this heading are three bullets: one reads "Creates model of existing home knowing input ranges from test," the next one reads "Calibrates model inputs using utility bills," and the third one reads "Predicts retrofit energy savings. Underneath these bullets is an image of a house; to the right of this is a bar graph showing energy savings on the y axis and retrofit measure on the x axis. From this box an arrow labeled "Results" points directly below

91

Developing Language Processing Components with GATE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developing Language Processing Components with GATE (a User Guide) For GATE version 3 beta 1 (July.3 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 3.4 [D] Get Started

Maynard, Diana

92

The Renewable Energy Guy: Q&A with TV's Bill Nye | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Renewable Energy Guy: Q&A with TV's Bill Nye The Renewable Energy Guy: Q&A with TV's Bill Nye The Renewable Energy Guy: Q&A with TV's Bill Nye June 10, 2010 - 11:42am Addthis Bill Nye currently hosts three television shows about science. | Photo courtesy of Bill Nye Bill Nye currently hosts three television shows about science. | Photo courtesy of Bill Nye Lindsay Gsell For years, Bill Nye entertained children on the educational television series "Bill Nye the Science Guy." Using wacky demonstrations, funny music videos and easy to digest lessons, Nye encouraged children to enjoy and appreciate science. The quirky Nye-a scientist, engineer, comedian, author, and inventor-now works to spread the message of renewable energy, and regularly takes on projects to "green" his own Californian home.

93

The Renewable Energy Guy: Q&A with TV's Bill Nye | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Renewable Energy Guy: Q&A with TV's Bill Nye The Renewable Energy Guy: Q&A with TV's Bill Nye The Renewable Energy Guy: Q&A with TV's Bill Nye June 10, 2010 - 11:42am Addthis Bill Nye currently hosts three television shows about science. | Photo courtesy of Bill Nye Bill Nye currently hosts three television shows about science. | Photo courtesy of Bill Nye Lindsay Gsell For years, Bill Nye entertained children on the educational television series "Bill Nye the Science Guy." Using wacky demonstrations, funny music videos and easy to digest lessons, Nye encouraged children to enjoy and appreciate science. The quirky Nye-a scientist, engineer, comedian, author, and inventor-now works to spread the message of renewable energy, and regularly takes on projects to "green" his own Californian home.

94

Videos | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Data Jam at New York Energy Week Data Jam at New York Energy Week Secretary Moniz Speaks at Solar Impulse Press Conference Secretary Moniz Speaks at Solar Impulse Press Conference Common Sense and The Next 30 Seconds White House Leadership Summit on Women, Climate and Energy Secretary Moniz at White House Women's Leadership Summit on Climate and Energy Secretary Moniz on Natural Gas and Renewables Department of Energy Town Hall with Secretary Moniz Secretary Moniz's First Day Secretary Moniz Speaks at the 2013 Energy Efficiency Global Forum Energy Innovation Hubs on Capitol Hill Legacy Management Business Center FY 2014 Budget Preview What's Your Energy Pledge? Conversation on the Future of the Wind Industry Science Lecture: Talking the Higgs Boson with Dr. Joseph Incandela Bill Gates and Deputy Secretary Poneman Discuss the Energy Technology

95

Forsyth County Slashes Energy Bills with Upgrades | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Forsyth County Slashes Energy Bills with Upgrades Forsyth County Slashes Energy Bills with Upgrades Forsyth County Slashes Energy Bills with Upgrades September 30, 2010 - 12:04pm Addthis A new energy management system in Forsyth County’s 52,057 square foot courthouse is expected to save about $9,000 annually. | Photo courtesy of Forsyth County A new energy management system in Forsyth County's 52,057 square foot courthouse is expected to save about $9,000 annually. | Photo courtesy of Forsyth County Maya Payne Smart Former Writer for Energy Empowers, EERE What are the key facts? Four large projects funded through Recovery Act grant Energy efficient retrofits to save county about $72,000 annually Forsyth County, Georgia has been among the nation's fastest growing counties for the past ten years. Given the growth, officials are working

96

Secretary Bodman Promotes Energy Bill to Western Governors | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Promotes Energy Bill to Western Governors Promotes Energy Bill to Western Governors Secretary Bodman Promotes Energy Bill to Western Governors March 1, 2005 - 10:37am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman in a speech before the Western Governors Association today expressed the need for Congress to pass comprehensive energy legislation and highlighted the benefits of the proposal for the western United States. Secretary Bodman also discussed a number of important energy initiatives including: nuclear defense; scientific research; oil and gas exploration in Alaska; hydropower; the strengthening of our power grid; further development of renewable energy; hydrogen powered fuel-cell vehicles; and clean-coal power generation. "The energy challenges facing our country today are greater than they have

97

Home Energy Saver: Comparing Your Results to Your Utility Bill  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Comparing The Results to The Home's Utility Bill Comparing The Results to The Home's Utility Bill Energy use varies widely, even among seemingly identical homes! This is because of differences in house design, appliances, lifestyles, and comfort requirements. If your Home Energy Saver results differ from your actual energy bills, be sure to first check that all your input values agree with how your home is actually designed and operated. If the total cost differs but energy use is the same, keep in mind that we use a single price for energy, while many utilities use complicated "tariff structures", where the price varies by the time of year and/or day, your level of consumption, or other factors. Any remaining differences are probably due to one or more of the factors below. After reviewing these factors, you may want to modify

98

Fort Collins Utilities - Residential On-Bill Financing Program Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fort Collins Utilities - Residential On-Bill Financing Program Fort Collins Utilities - Residential On-Bill Financing Program Program (Colorado) Fort Collins Utilities - Residential On-Bill Financing Program Program (Colorado) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Appliances & Electronics Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Construction Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating & Cooling Heating Heat Pumps Water Heating Solar Maximum Rebate $15,000 Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount $1,000 - $15,000 Fort Collins offers its residential customers low-interest loans that may be used to finance a variety of projects including adding insulation, replacing a furnace, upgrading water and space heating systems, and

99

Baltimore Vet Cuts Energy Bills With Solar | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Baltimore Vet Cuts Energy Bills With Solar Baltimore Vet Cuts Energy Bills With Solar Baltimore Vet Cuts Energy Bills With Solar October 28, 2010 - 5:09pm Addthis Baltimore resident Paul Bennett installed 14 solar panels such as these on his historic row home with the help of a state solar grant and federal tax credit through the Recovery Act. | Energy Department Photo | Baltimore resident Paul Bennett installed 14 solar panels such as these on his historic row home with the help of a state solar grant and federal tax credit through the Recovery Act. | Energy Department Photo | Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE On a 'green' mission last spring, a 62 year-old retiree living on a modest income in Baltimore found himself at the Solar and Wind Expo at the Timonium Fairgrounds in Maryland.

100

Forsyth County Slashes Energy Bills with Upgrades | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Forsyth County Slashes Energy Bills with Upgrades Forsyth County Slashes Energy Bills with Upgrades Forsyth County Slashes Energy Bills with Upgrades September 30, 2010 - 12:04pm Addthis A new energy management system in Forsyth County’s 52,057 square foot courthouse is expected to save about $9,000 annually. | Photo courtesy of Forsyth County A new energy management system in Forsyth County's 52,057 square foot courthouse is expected to save about $9,000 annually. | Photo courtesy of Forsyth County Maya Payne Smart Former Writer for Energy Empowers, EERE What are the key facts? Four large projects funded through Recovery Act grant Energy efficient retrofits to save county about $72,000 annually Forsyth County, Georgia has been among the nation's fastest growing counties for the past ten years. Given the growth, officials are working

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Transparent Prices for Municipal Water: Impact of Pricing and Billing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transparent Prices for Municipal Water: Impact of Pricing and Billing Transparent Prices for Municipal Water: Impact of Pricing and Billing Practices on Residential Water Use Speaker(s): Sylvestre Gaudin Date: November 29, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: John Busch Jr. Economic Research shows overwhelmingly that residential consumers do not pay much attention to price changes when they make decisions about water use. This weak price sensitivity is often attributed to the intrinsic nature of water as a necessity. However, a large part of water use is the result of choices that could easily be altered without affecting basic welfare. Economic theory points to at least two other reasons why consumers would not be responsive to price changes for water use: the fact that water bills constitute a small portion of their budgets, and the fact that price

102

Florida Residents See Energy Bill Reductions | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Florida Residents See Energy Bill Reductions Florida Residents See Energy Bill Reductions Florida Residents See Energy Bill Reductions January 27, 2010 - 3:42pm Addthis Indiantown, Florida, has a lot of small-town charm. Its 7,000 residents have acres of citrus groves but only one traffic light in the town. It might be small in size, but Indiantown Non-Profit Housing is making quite an impact across its region. This nonprofit weatherizes the homes of qualifying residents free of charge, and demand for its services is on the rise. "One of the best outcomes is that we can hire additional employees" says Director Donna Carman, referring to the $5.2 million in Recovery Act funds Indiantown Non-Profit Housing has received. The staff has more than doubled from five to 16, meaning that Floridians like 72-year-old Edith

103

Spiral Rainbands in a Numerical Simulation of Hurricane Bill (2009). Part II: Propagation of Inner Rainbands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This is the second part of a study that examines spiral rainbands in a numerical simulation of Hurricane Bill (2009). This paper evaluates whether the propagation of inner rainbands in the Hurricane Bill simulation is consistent with previously ...

Yumin Moon; David S. Nolan

104

How sailfish use their bills to capture schooling prey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Lubeck University...their bill into sardine schools without eliciting an...to slash through the school with powerful lateral...were present around a school of prey) presumably...Carlsberg Foundation for a grant to J.F.S. Figure-1...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Case Studies—Financing Energy Improvements on Utility Bills  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Hosted by Technical Assistance Program (TAP), the State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network (SEE Action), and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Electricity Market and Policy Group, this webinar was the second of a two-part webinar series focused on the new report, Financing Energy Improvements on Utility Bills: Market Updates and Key Program Design Considerations for Policymakers and Administrators.

106

Views of science clash in debate over NSF bill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...divided government. “What's most troubling in the bill is the questioning of scientists and of science,” says Michael Lubell, head of the Washington, D.C., office of the American Physical Society. “There seems to be a growing desire by some...

Jeffrey Mervis

2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

107

Inconclusive Experiment with Rats By Bill Menke, December 1, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inconclusive Experiment with Rats By Bill Menke, December 1, 2013 The New York Times recently of genetically-modified corn. The Times article says: The editor of the journal, Food and Chemical Toxicology the paper's main result, that rats fed genetically-modified, herbicide-resistant corn have a higher incident

Menke, William

108

The value of a broad mind: some natural history meanderings of Bill Hamilton *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The value of a broad mind: some natural history meanderings of Bill Hamilton * DAVID HUGHES) that to write a paper with Bill Hamilton admitted one to a small circle, the honour of inclusion in which history meanderings of Bill Hamilton. Such curiosity may be justified, as my own work (on peculiar

Amrhein, Valentin

109

Screening in gated bilayer graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The tight-binding model of a graphene bilayer is used to find the gap between the conduction and valence bands, as a function of both the gate voltage and as the doping by donors or acceptors. The total Hartree energy is minimized and the equation for the gap is obtained. This equation for the ratio of the gap to the chemical potential is determined only by the screening constant. Thus the gap is strictly proportional to the gate voltage or the carrier concentration in the absence of donors or acceptors. In the opposite case, where the donors or acceptors are present, the gap demonstrates the asymmetrical behavior on the electron and hole sides of the gate bias.

L. A. Falkovsky

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

110

Decomposition of Diagonal Hermitian Quantum Gates Using Multiple-Controlled Pauli Z Gates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum logic decomposition refers to decomposing a given quantum gate to a set of physically implementable gates. An approach has been presented to decompose arbitrary diagonal quantum gates to a set of multiplexed-rotation gates around z axis. In this paper, a special class of diagonal quantum gates, namely diagonal Hermitian quantum gates, is considered and a new perspective to the decomposition problem with respect to decomposing these gates is presented. It is first shown that these gates can be decomposed to a set that solely consists of multiple-controlled Z gates. Then a binary representation for the diagonal Hermitian gates is introduced. It is shown that the binary representations of multiple-controlled Z gates form a basis for the vector space that is produced by the binary representations of all diagonal Hermitian quantum gates. Moreover, the problem of decomposing a given diagonal Hermitian gate is mapped to the problem of writing its binary representation in the specific basis mentioned above. Moreover, CZ gate is suggested to be the two-qubit gate in the decomposition library, instead of previously used CNOT gate. Experimental results show that the proposed approach can lead to circuits with lower costs in comparison with the previous ones.

Mahboobeh Houshmand; Morteza Saheb Zamani; Mehdi Sedighi; Mona Arabzadeh

2014-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

111

Improvement of the cantilever grooveless gate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1. The grooveless multisectional gate permits closing openings of any width without dividing the conduit into se...

S. M. Slisskii; P. R. Khlopenkov; E. G. Chernenko

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

The gated community: residents' crime experience and perception of safety behind gates and fences in the urban area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regarding the connections between gated community territory, safety, and crime experience, this study classifies apartment communities according to the conditions of their gating and fencing: gated communities, perceived gated communities, and non...

Kim, Suk Kyung

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

113

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards September 8, 2011 - 11:46am Addthis Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards DOE's Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) initiative will award $6.4 million over the course of five years to support seven Centers of Excellence at American colleges, universities, and university-affiliated research institutions. The awardees will focus on three critical automotive technology areas: hybrid propulsion, energy storage, and lightweight materials. By funding curriculum development and expansion as well as laboratory work, GATE allows higher education institutions to develop multidisciplinary training. As a result, GATE promotes the development of a

114

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards September 8, 2011 - 11:46am Addthis Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Initiative Awards DOE's Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) initiative will award $6.4 million over the course of five years to support seven Centers of Excellence at American colleges, universities, and university-affiliated research institutions. The awardees will focus on three critical automotive technology areas: hybrid propulsion, energy storage, and lightweight materials. By funding curriculum development and expansion as well as laboratory work, GATE allows higher education institutions to develop multidisciplinary training. As a result, GATE promotes the development of a

115

On-Bill Repayment: A Proposal to Increase Investment in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON-BILL REPAYMENT: A Proposal to Increase Investment in Texas CATEE October 11, 2012 EDF PROPOSAL: ON-BILL REPAYMENT ? Private financing for qualifying Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy projects ? Loan is repaid on utility bill... ? Industrial ? Public 4 BENEFITS OF OBR No direct costs to taxpayers or ratepayers Creates jobs Provides low cost capital to consumer Accelerates clean energy investments and emissions reductions and increases reliability of service Scalable...

Copithorne, B.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Golden Gate Park Marina Blvd.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

St. Eureka S.VanNessAve. M arket St. Broadway St. To Golden Gate Bridge H ow ard St. Folsom St. Bryant St. 10 Bridge to/from Oakland C hannel St. 2nd St. Pine St. California St. California St. Clement St. Lake St From the East Bay and Oakland Airport 1. Cross Bay Bridge (I­80 West) 2. Exit on left 2A / 5th St. 3

Derisi, Joseph

117

Fast Quantum Gates for Neutral Atoms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose several schemes for implementing a fast two-qubit quantum gate for neutral atoms with the gate operation time much faster than the time scales associated with the external motion of the atoms in the trapping potential. In our example, the large interaction energy required to perform fast gate operations is provided by the dipole-dipole interaction of atoms excited to low-lying Rydberg states in constant electric fields. A detailed analysis of imperfections of the gate operation is given.

D. Jaksch; J. I. Cirac; P. Zoller; S. L. Rolston; R. Côté; M. D. Lukin

2000-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

118

SmartCharge: cutting the electricity bill in smart homes with energy storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Market-based electricity pricing provides consumers an opportunity to lower their electric bill by shifting consumption to low price periods. In this paper, we explore how to lower electric bills without requiring consumer involvement using an intelligent ... Keywords: battery, electricity, energy, grid

Aditya Mishra; David Irwin; Prashant Shenoy; Jim Kurose; Ting Zhu

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Money for Research, Not Energy Bills: Finding Energy and Cost Savings in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-4282E Money for Research, Not Energy Bills: Finding Energy and Cost Savings in High by its trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its of California. #12;1 Money for Research, Not for Energy Bills: Finding Energy and Cost Savings in High

120

SmartCharge: Cutting the Electricity Bill in Smart Homes with Energy Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SmartCharge: Cutting the Electricity Bill in Smart Homes with Energy Storage Aditya Mishra, David,irwin,shenoy,kurose}@cs.umass.edu Ting Zhu Binghamton University tzhu@binghamton.edu ABSTRACT Market-based electricity pricing provides consumers an op- portunity to lower their electric bill by shifting consump- tion to low price periods

Shenoy, Prashant

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

15 Ways to Save on Your Water Heating Bill | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

15 Ways to Save on Your Water Heating Bill 15 Ways to Save on Your Water Heating Bill 15 Ways to Save on Your Water Heating Bill October 26, 2009 - 3:49pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL Sometimes it surprises me to see that the most popular pages on the site are the ones about solar water heaters and demand (or tankless) water heaters. But considering that water heating can account for around 12% of a family's utility bill-the biggest chunk after space heating and cooling-it really shouldn't be that surprising that you want to know how to heat your water more efficiently. Obviously, not everyone is in a position to go out and buy a new water heater, but we can all do something to use less water and save on our bills. Whether you're looking for no-cost habit changes, low-cost purchases or

122

Energy Efficiency Tricks to Stop Your Energy Bill from Haunting You |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Tricks to Stop Your Energy Bill from Haunting You Tricks to Stop Your Energy Bill from Haunting You Energy Efficiency Tricks to Stop Your Energy Bill from Haunting You October 21, 2013 - 2:07pm Addthis This Halloween, keep ghosts and goblins at bay -- while saving energy and money -- with these home energy efficiency tricks. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. This Halloween, keep ghosts and goblins at bay -- while saving energy and money -- with these home energy efficiency tricks. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? The typical American family spends at least $2,000 a year on their home energy bills. Families can save up to 20-30 percent on their energy bills by

123

Bodman Statement on House Passage of Energy Bill | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

House Passage of Energy Bill House Passage of Energy Bill Bodman Statement on House Passage of Energy Bill April 21, 2005 - 10:57am Addthis Washington, DC - Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman released the following statement today regarding House passage of energy legislation: "I congratulate the House of Representatives for passing comprehensive energy legislation. This bill will put us on a path to affordable and reliable supplies of energy in the future by improving energy efficiency; increasing domestic energy supplies; diversifying our energy sources to include more renewable energy sources; and modernizing our energy delivery system. For the good of American families, the American economy and America's national security, I call on the Senate to pass energy legislation and get a bill to the President's desk by this summer."

124

Average summer electric power bills expected to be lowest in four years  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

summer electric power bills expected to be lowest in summer electric power bills expected to be lowest in four years The average U.S. household is expected to pay $395 for electricity this summer. That's down 2.5% from last year and the lowest residential summer power bill in four years, according to the new forecast from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Lower electricity use to meet cooling demand this summer because of forecasted milder temperatures compared with last summer is expected to more than offset higher electricity prices. The result is lower power bills for most U.S. households during the June, July, and August period. However electricity use and prices vary by region. EIA expects residential power bills will be lower in all areas of the country... except for the West South Central region, which includes

125

Bill Richardson Sworn in as Secretary of Energy | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Bill Richardson Sworn in as Secretary of Energy | National Nuclear Security Bill Richardson Sworn in as Secretary of Energy | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > Bill Richardson Sworn in as Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson Sworn in as Secretary of Energy August 18, 1998 Washington, DC Bill Richardson Sworn in as Secretary of Energy

126

Participants: William Naughton, COHMED Bill Sherman, NE HLRW Task Force  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

conference call May 27, 1998 conference call May 27, 1998 Participants: William Naughton, COHMED Bill Sherman, NE HLRW Task Force Bob Fronczak, AAR Mike Butler, UETC Ray English, DOE-NR George Ruberg, UETC Kevin Blackwell, FRA Markus Popa, DOE-RW Sandy Covi, UP The Rail Topic Group is currently in a transitional mode, moving simultaneously toward closure of the two rail information matrices, Comparison of CVSA Recommended National Procedures and Out-Of-Service Criteria for the Enhanced Safety Inspection of Commercial Highway Vehicles Transporting Transuranics, Spent Nuclear Fuel, and High Level Waste to Rail Inspection Standards, and Rail and Highway Regulations Relative to the Transportation of Radioactive Materials and their Applicability to States, Tribes, Shippers, and Carriers, (both

127

"2012 Average Monthly Bill- Residential"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residential" Residential" "(Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A-D, EIA-861S and EIA-861U)" "State","Number of Customers","Average Monthly Consumption (kWh)","Average Price (cents/kWh)","Average Monthly Bill (Dollar and cents)" "New England",6203726,634.13095,15.713593,99.644755 "Connecticut",1454651,730.85302,17.343298,126.75402 "Maine",703770,530.56349,14.658797,77.774225 "Massachusetts",2699141,627.15845,14.912724,93.52641 "New Hampshire",601697,614.81776,16.070168,98.802249 "Rhode Island",435448,597.34783,14.404061,86.042344 "Vermont",309019,565.03618,17.006075,96.090478 "Middle Atlantic",15727423,700.63673,15.272654,107.00582

128

On Bill Financing: SDG&E/SoCalGas  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 San Diego Gas and Electric Co. and Southern California Gas Company. All copyright and trademark rights reserved. 2 San Diego Gas and Electric Co. and Southern California Gas Company. All copyright and trademark rights reserved. On Bill Financing: SDG&E / SoCalGas Frank Spasaro May 6, 2011 US - China Energy Efficiency Forum OVERVIEW of SDG&E / Southern California Gas * Covers most of the southern parts of California: * 24, 000 square miles * Over 24 million residents * 1.4 million electric meters * 6.65 million gas meters (850k + 5.8 million) California's Energy Action Plan II * In 2005, the CPUC and CEC'S EAP II declared: "[The} goal is for California's energy to be adequate, affordable, technologically advanced, and environmentally sound...[C]ost effective

129

"2012 Average Monthly Bill- Industrial"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Industrial" Industrial" "(Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A-D, EIA-861S and EIA-861U)" "State","Number of Customers","Average Monthly Consumption (kWh)","Average Price (cents/kWh)","Average Monthly Bill (Dollar and cents)" "New England",34164,67854.037,11.83487,8030.4373 "Connecticut",4647,63947.063,12.672933,8103.9685 "Maine",2780,90741.457,7.9819499,7242.9376 "Massachusetts",21145,66710.826,12.566635,8383.3057 "New Hampshire",3444,47247.217,11.83228,5590.423 "Rhode Island",1927,39935.911,10.676724,4263.8471 "Vermont",221,536044.12,9.9796777,53495.475 "Middle Atlantic",45836,126368.14,7.4903534,9465.42 "New Jersey",12729,50817.89,10.516509,5344.2677

130

Automatically closing swing gate closure assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A swing gate closure assembly for nuclear reactor tipoff assembly wherein the swing gate is cammed open by a fuel element or spacer but is reliably closed at a desired closing rate primarily by hydraulic forces in the absence of a fuel charge.

Chang, Shih-Chih (Richland, WA); Schuck, William J. (Richland, WA); Gilmore, Richard F. (Kennewick, WA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Quantum logic gates for superconducting resonator qudits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study quantum information processing using superpositions of Fock states in superconducting resonators as quantum d-level systems (qudits). A universal set of single and coupled logic gates is theoretically proposed for resonators coupled by superconducting circuits of Josephson junctions. These gates use experimentally demonstrated interactions and provide an attractive route to quantum information processing using harmonic oscillator modes.

Strauch, Frederick W. [Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts 01267 (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

132

Journal Article: Gate-tunable exchange coupling between cobalt...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Gate-tunable exchange coupling between cobalt clusters on graphene Citation Details Title: Gate-tunable exchange coupling between cobalt clusters on graphene Authors: Chen, Hua;...

133

The University of Tennessee's GATE Center for Hybrid Systems...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The University of Tennessee's GATE Center for Hybrid Systems The University of Tennessee's GATE Center for Hybrid Systems 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program...

134

The University of Tennessee's GATE Center for Hybrid Systems...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The University of Tennessee's GATE Center for Hybrid Systems The University of Tennessee's GATE Center for Hybrid Systems Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle...

135

Gating of Permanent Molds for ALuminum Casting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes a two-year project, DE-FC07-01ID13983 that concerns the gating of aluminum castings in permanent molds. The main goal of the project is to improve the quality of aluminum castings produced in permanent molds. The approach taken was determine how the vertical type gating systems used for permanent mold castings can be designed to fill the mold cavity with a minimum of damage to the quality of the resulting casting. It is evident that somewhat different systems are preferred for different shapes and sizes of aluminum castings. The main problems caused by improper gating are entrained aluminum oxide films and entrapped gas. The project highlights the characteristic features of gating systems used in permanent mold aluminum foundries and recommends gating procedures designed to avoid common defects. The study also provides direct evidence on the filling pattern and heat flow behavior in permanent mold castings.

David Schwam; John F. Wallace; Tom Engle; Qingming Chang

2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

136

SoCalGas - Non-Residential On-Bill Financing Program | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

On-Bill Financing Program On-Bill Financing Program SoCalGas - Non-Residential On-Bill Financing Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Other Program Info State California Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount General Minimum Loan Amount: $5,000/meter minimum Non-Institutional Customers: up to $100,000/meter with 5 year max payback Taxpayer Funded Institutions: up to $250,000/meter with 10 year max payback State of California: up to $1,000,000 with 10 year max payback Provider Southern California Gas Company The SoCalGas On-Bill Financing (OBF) program offers qualified business customers 0% financing from $5,000 to $100,000 per meter for qualifying

137

Planning Bill Nye The Science Guy's Climate Research Lab at Chabot Space  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Planning Bill Nye The Science Guy's Climate Research Lab at Chabot Space Planning Bill Nye The Science Guy's Climate Research Lab at Chabot Space and Science Center Speaker(s): Andrew Anway David Bloom Date: September 24, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3075 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Allan Chen Sometime in 2009, the Chabot Space and Science Center hopes to debut a new museum exhibition tentatively titled Bill Nye The Science Guy's Climate Research Lab, subtitle, Mission Possible: Reduce the CO2. The interactive show is anchored by science educator Bill Nye the Science Guy, is aimed towards children and families. It will explain the basic science behind climate change, and its potential effects on humans and the rest of the biosphere, while exploring some ways of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, both what we can do now, and advanced technologies that may someday play a

138

SCE - Non-Residential On-Bill Financing Program | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

On-Bill Financing Program On-Bill Financing Program SCE - Non-Residential On-Bill Financing Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Other Maximum Rebate Taxpayer Funded Institutions: up to $250,000/meter with 5 year max payback Non-Institutional Customers: up to $100,000/meter with 5 year max payback State of California: up to $1,000,000 with 10 year max payback Program Info Start Date 8/2/2010 State California Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount 5,000 minimum Provider Business Programs The SoCalGas On-Bill Financing (OBF) program offers qualified business customers 0% financing from $5,000 to $100,000 per meter for qualifying

139

New Jersey Natural Gas - SAVEGREEN On-Bill Financing Program | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Jersey Natural Gas - SAVEGREEN On-Bill Financing Program New Jersey Natural Gas - SAVEGREEN On-Bill Financing Program New Jersey Natural Gas - SAVEGREEN On-Bill Financing Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Other Sealing Your Home Ventilation Maximum Rebate $10,000 Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount $2,500-$10,000 Provider New Jersey Natural Gas Through the SAVEGREEN Project, New Jersey Natural Gas (NJNG) provides an On-Bill Repayment Program. Qualified customers can borrow $2,500-$10,000 at 0% APR fixed rate for 10 years with no fees, points or closing costs. A variety of equipment and measures may qualify for financing under this

140

Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up November 10, 2010 - 9:00am Addthis Volunteers from the Waverly Trees Forever group are planting windbreak trees on the north side of the mobile home court. Waverly experienced record flooding in 2008. | Photo Courtesy of Trees Forever Volunteers from the Waverly Trees Forever group are planting windbreak trees on the north side of the mobile home court. Waverly experienced record flooding in 2008. | Photo Courtesy of Trees Forever Lindsay Gsell What are the key facts? Iowa non-profit will plant 2,500 trees to encourage energy efficiency Using nearly $160,000 in State Energy Program funding through the Recovery Act Large shade trees can lower cooling bills by up to 30 percent

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up November 10, 2010 - 9:00am Addthis Volunteers from the Waverly Trees Forever group are planting windbreak trees on the north side of the mobile home court. Waverly experienced record flooding in 2008. | Photo Courtesy of Trees Forever Volunteers from the Waverly Trees Forever group are planting windbreak trees on the north side of the mobile home court. Waverly experienced record flooding in 2008. | Photo Courtesy of Trees Forever Lindsay Gsell What are the key facts? Iowa non-profit will plant 2,500 trees to encourage energy efficiency Using nearly $160,000 in State Energy Program funding through the Recovery Act Large shade trees can lower cooling bills by up to 30 percent

142

Differentially Private Billing with Rebates George Danezis 1 , Markulf Kohlweiss 1 , and Alfredo Rial 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Differentially Private Billing with Rebates George Danezis 1 , Markulf Kohlweiss 1 , and Alfredo they require and even get a rebate for the additional funds they used to protect their privacy. Throughout

143

DOE WINDExchange Webinar: Rural Energy for America Program 2014 Farm Bill  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In February, Congress passed a new Farm Bill that includes an Energy Title. The Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) provides grants and loan guarantees to farmers, ranchers, and rural small...

144

Live Webcast on the 2014 Farm Bill's Renewable Energy for America Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Energy Department will present a live webcast titled “The 2014 Farm Bill's Renewable Energy for America Program” on May 21, 2014, from 3:00 to 4:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time.

145

Analysis of Five Selected Tax Provisions of the Conference Energy Bill of 2003  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This special report was undertaken at the January 29, 2004, request of Senator John Sununu to perform an assessment of five specific tax provisions of the Conference Energy Bill of 2003.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Impacts of House Bill 56 on the Construction Economy in Alabama  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bill, and its impact on the construction economy in Alabama. The study utilized construction employment rates, construction GDP, and construction spending as the major indices detailing the “health” of the construction economy in Alabama. This research...

Bilbo, David; Escamilla, Edelmiro; Bigelow, Ben F.; Garcia, Jose

147

The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed Photovoltaics (PV) for Residential Customers in California Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed Photovoltaics (PV) for Residential Customers in California Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Best Practices Website: eetd.lbl.gov/ea/emp/reports/lbnl-3276e.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/impact-rate-design-and-net-metering-b Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration & Implementation This report analyzes the bill savings from photovoltaic (PV) deployment for residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities -

148

David A Gates | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Gates A Gates Principal Research Physicist, Stellerator Physics Lead, Advanced Projects Division, Science Focus Group Leader for Macroscopic Stability David Gates is a principal research physicist for the advanced projects division of PPPL, and the stellarator physics leader at the Laboratory. In the latter capacity he leads collaborative efforts with the Wendelstein 7-X and Large Helical Device stellarator projects in Germany and Japan, respectively. Gates is first author of more than a dozen research papers, including an April, 2012, paper that proposed a possible solution to a critical barrier to fusion as a source of energy for generating electricity. Interests Collisional energy transport High-frequency Alfvén waves Fast-ion energy transfer Ideal and resistive magneto-hydrodynamic stability

149

Gate potential control of nanofluidic devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of an external gate potential control on the nanofluidic nanochannels was experimentally investigated in this work. Like in the field effect transistors (FET) in microelectronics, molecular transport in ...

Le Coguic, Arnaud

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Digital gate pulse generator for cycloconverter control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a digital gate pulse generator which controls the output of a cycloconverter used for electrical power conversion applications by determining the timing and delivery of the firing pulses to the switching devices in the cycloconverter. Previous gate pulse generators have been built with largely analog or discrete digital circuitry which require many precision components and periodic adjustment. The gate pulse generator of the present invention utilizes digital techniques and a predetermined series of values to develop the necessary timing signals for firing the switching device. Each timing signal is compared with a reference signal to determine the exact firing time. The present invention is significantly more compact than previous gate pulse generators, responds quickly to changes in the output demand and requires only one precision component and no adjustments.

Klein, Frederick F. (Monroeville, PA); Mutone, Gioacchino A. (Pleasant Hills, PA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Yuanmingyuan East Gate of Peking University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dingxiangyuan Cafeteria SupermarketI Parking 32 Northeast Gate C Building C Swimming Hall East Playground and New Energy Technology 32 Institute of Education Schools & Departments A Foreign Student Affairs

Gu, Jin

152

GaTe semiconductor for radiation detection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

GaTe semiconductor is used as a room-temperature radiation detector. GaTe has useful properties for radiation detectors: ideal bandgap, favorable mobilities, low melting point (no evaporation), non-hygroscopic nature, and availability of high-purity starting materials. The detector can be used, e.g., for detection of illicit nuclear weapons and radiological dispersed devices at ports of entry, in cities, and off shore and for determination of medical isotopes present in a patient.

Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Burger, Arnold (Nashville, TN); Mandal, Krishna C. (Ashland, MA)

2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

153

Bill Watkins listens to all the whales in the North Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the early 1990s portions of the Navy’s classified underwater listening systems (IUSS) were made available for research. Bill Watkins had long been familiar with this system and eagerly went to work listening to whales in the North Pacific Ocean. A decade later the work that Bill Watkins has amassed and its impact on marine mammal research is truly remarkable. Each month Bill’s team produces a summary of hundreds if not thousands of whale calls detected and localized using the Navy’s listening arrays. These data have pinpointed seasonal centers of vocal activity in unexpected places leading to changes in our strategies for monitoring several populations of endangered large whales. Bill has tracked the migratory paths of blue fin and humpback whales and has charted the shifts in migratory timing caused by climatic phenomena such as ENSO. Bill has taken a complex technology created for other purposes and crafted a process to get it to deliver simple clear and unclassified information for an entire ocean: we have not yet plumbed the limits of what we can do with this information.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Paying the Toll: A Political History of the Golden Gate Bridge and Highway District, 1923-1971  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gate: the Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge and HighwayCommittee on Golden Gate Bridge and Highway District,versus the Golden Gate Bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Dyble, Amy Louise Nelson

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

The Inverted Block Rate:The Inverted Block Rate: An Alternative to Flat Rate BillingAn Alternative to Flat Rate Billing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Inverted Block Rate:The Inverted Block Rate: An Alternative to Flat Rate BillingAn Alternative;Inverted Block RateInverted Block Rate 22 IntroductionIntroduction ·· Modern societies rely on electrical collectionMetering and Rate Models facilitate collection #12;Inverted Block RateInverted Block Rate 33 Rate

Hughes, Larry

156

Voltage-gated Ion Channels and Gating Modifier Toxins William A. Catterall,* Sandrine Cestle,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;2 Abstract Voltage-gated sodium, calcium, and potassium channels generate electrical signals required and a pore loop. Their pores are formed by the S5/S6 segments and the pore loop between them and are gated and participate in calcium signaling pathways in nonexcitable cells. Because of their importance in many aspects

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

157

Gated SIT vidicon streak tube  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recently developed prototype streak tube designed to produce high gain and resolution by incorporating the streak and readout functions in one envelope thereby minimizing photon-to-change transformations and eliminating external coupling losses is presented. The tube is based upon a grid-gated Silicon-Intensified-Target Vidicon (SITV) with integral Focus Projection Scan (FPS) TV readout. Demagnifying electron optics (m=0.63) in the image section map the 40-mm-diameter photocathode image unto a 25-mm-diameter silicon target where gains greater than or equal to10/sup 3/ are achieved with only 10 KV accelerating voltage. This is compared with much lower gains (approx.50) at much higher voltages (approx.30 KV) reported for streak tubes using phosphor screens. Because SIT technology is well established means for electron imaging in vacuum, such fundamental problems as ''backside thinning'' required for electron imaging unto CCDs do not exist. The high spatial resolution (approx.30 lp/mm), variable scan formats, and high speed electrostatic deflection (250 mm/sup 2/ areas are routinely rastered with 256 scan lines in 1.6 ms) available from FPS readout add versatility not available in CCD devices. Theoretical gain and spatial resolution for this design (developed jointly by Los Alamos National Laboratory and General Electric Co.) are compared with similar calculations and measured data obtained for RCA 73435 streaks fiber optically coupled to (1) 25-mm-diameter SIT FPS vidicons and (2) 40-mm-diameter MCPTs (proximity-focused microchannel plate image intensifier tubes) fiber optically coupled to 18-mm-diameter Sb/sub 2/S/sub 3/ FPS vidicons. Sweep sensitivity, shutter ratio, and record lengths for nanosecond duration (20 to 200 ns) streak applications are discussed.

Dunbar, D.L.; Yates, G.J.; Black, J.P.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

The Defeat of the Golden Gate Authority: Regional Planning and Local Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regional Politics and the Golden Gate Bridge, Philadelphia:Politics and the Golden Gate Bridge, won the Abel WolmanBridge and the Golden Gate Bridge. Moreover, interregional

Dyble, Louise Nelson

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Heralded quantum gates with integrated error detection in optical cavitites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose and analyze heralded quantum gates between qubits in optical cavities. They employ an auxiliary qubit to report if a successful gate occurred. In this manner, the errors, which would have corrupted a deterministic gate, are converted into a non-unity probability of success: once successful the gate has a much higher fidelity than a similar deterministic gate. Specifically, we describe that a heralded , near-deterministic controlled phase gate (CZ-gate) with the conditional error arbitrarily close to zero and the success probability that approaches unity as the cooperativity of the system, C, becomes large. Furthermore, we describe an extension to near-deterministic N- qubit Toffoli gate with a favorable error scaling. These gates can be directly employed in quantum repeater networks to facilitate near-ideal entanglement swapping, thus greatly speeding up the entanglement distribution.

J. Borregaard; P. Kómár; E. M. Kessler; A. S. Sørensen; M. D. Lukin

2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

160

Record of Decision for the Los Banos-Gates Transmission Project (DOE/EIS-0128-SA-01)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

99 99 Federal Register / Vol. 66, No. 245 / Thursday, December 20, 2001 / Notices A copy of any motion to intervene must also be served upon the representative of the RAWA specified in item h, above. p. Agency Comments-Federal, state, and local agencies are invited to file comments on the subject application for surrender of exemption. If an agency does not file comments within the time specified for filing comments, it will be presumed to have no comments. One copy of an agency's comments must also be sent to the Applicant's representative listed in item h, above. Linwood A. Watson, Jr., Acting Secretary. [FR Doc. 01-31311 Filed 12-19-01; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6717-01-P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Western Area Power Administration Los Banos-Gates Transmission Project AGENCY: Western Area Power

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California Title The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown Year of Publication 2010 Authors Darghouth, Naïm, Galen L. Barbose, and Ryan H. Wiser Pagination 62 Date Published 04/2010 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords electricity markets and policy group, electricity rate design, energy analysis and environmental impacts department, net metering, photovoltaics Abstract Net metering has become a widespread policy in the U.S. for supporting distributed photovoltaics (PV) adoption.1 Though specific design details vary, net metering allows customers with PV to reduce their electric bills by offsetting their consumption with PV generation, independent of the timing of the generation relative to consumption - in effect, compensating the PV generation at retail electricity rates (Rose et al. 2009). Though net metering has played an important role in jump-starting the PV market in the U.S., challenges to net metering policies have emerged in a number of states and contexts, and alternative compensation methods are under consideration. Moreover, one inherent feature of net metering is that the value of the utility bill savings it provides to customers with PV depends heavily on the structure of the underlying retail electricity rate, as well as on the characteristics of the customer and PV system. Consequently, the bill-savings value of net metering - and the impact of moving to alternative compensation mechanisms - can vary substantially from one customer to the next. For these reasons, it is important for policymakers and others that seek to support the development of distributed PV to understand both how the bill savings benefits of PV varies under net metering, and how the bill savings under net metering compares to savings associated with other possible compensation mechanisms. To advance this understanding, we analyze the bill savings from PV for residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and Southern California Edison (SCE).3 The analysis is based on hourly load data from a sample of 215 residential customers located in the service territories of the two utilities, matched with simulated hourly PV production for the same time period based on data from the nearest of 73 weather stations in the state. We focus on these two utilities, both because we had ready access to a sample of load data for their residential customers, and because their service territories are the largest markets for residential PV in the country.

162

Provably minimal energy using coordinated DVS and power gating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Both energy and execution speed can be greatly impacted by clock and power gating, nonlinear voltage scaling, and leakage energy. We address the problem of coordinated power gating and dynamic voltage scaling (DVS) to minimize the overall energy consumption ...

Nathaniel A. Conos; Saro Meguerdichian; Foad Dabiri; Miodrag Potkonjak

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Effect of Oxygen on Ni-Silicided FUSI Metal Gate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Continual evolution of the CMOS technology requires thinner gate dielectric to maintain high performance. However, when moving into the sub-65 nm CMOS generation, the traditional poly-Si gate approach cannot effectively ...

Yu, H.P.

164

GATE Center of Excellence at UAB for Lightweight Materials and...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Constante (PhD candidate) and Samuel Jasper (PhD candidate) working on composite beams 9 Accomplishments and Progress: GATE Directly Funded Students (2005-2011) GATE SCHOLAR...

165

Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Summer 2013 Outlook for Residential Electric Bills  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Summer 2013 Outlook for Residential Summer 2013 Outlook for Residential Electric Bills June 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | STEO Supplement: Summer 2013 Outlook for Residential Electric Bills i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or other federal agencies. June 2013 U.S. Energy Information Administration | STEO Supplement: Summer 2013 Outlook for Residential Electric Bills 1

166

Look Up to See Your Bills Go Down: Making Your Attic More Efficient |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Look Up to See Your Bills Go Down: Making Your Attic More Efficient Look Up to See Your Bills Go Down: Making Your Attic More Efficient Look Up to See Your Bills Go Down: Making Your Attic More Efficient July 18, 2011 - 5:29pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL This year at my house, we have been on a quest to make our attic more energy efficient. I think we realized just how much this unseen area contributes to our overall comfort -not to mention what we pay to heat and cool the house. The first thing we did was install more insulation this winter. In addition to the tax credits we'll be able to claim, there were several incentives available from our state and utility that made it a great time for us to make this improvement. Following the installation, we noticed an immediate improvement in the overall comfort of our home and the furnace seemed to

167

Tapping Solar for Hot Water and Cheaper Bills for Puerto Rico | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Tapping Solar for Hot Water and Cheaper Bills for Puerto Rico Tapping Solar for Hot Water and Cheaper Bills for Puerto Rico Tapping Solar for Hot Water and Cheaper Bills for Puerto Rico November 3, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE What does this mean for me? 150 new jobs. 1200 solar water heaters installed. In Puerto Rico, solar water heaters have been popular for decades. But even with energy savings, not everyone can afford one. Through a new Recovery Act-funded program for the island, more families are showering with water heated by the sun. The U.S. Department of Energy's new Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) in Puerto Rico has made it a priority to install the systems in homes of income-eligible residents, as part of its weatherization assistance services. The Puerto Rico Energy Affairs Administration (PREAA), which

168

Microsoft PowerPoint - 03.2010_Metering Billing MDM America.pptx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

METERING BILLING/MDM AMERICA METERING BILLING/MDM AMERICA Back-up Generation Sources (BUGS) Prepared by Steve Pullins March 9, 2010 Metering, Billing/MDM America - San Diego, CA This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number DE- Department of Energy under Award Number DE AC26-04NT41817 This presentation was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of This presentation was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed or represents

169

High Water Heating Bills on Lockdown at Idaho Jail | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

High Water Heating Bills on Lockdown at Idaho Jail High Water Heating Bills on Lockdown at Idaho Jail High Water Heating Bills on Lockdown at Idaho Jail August 19, 2010 - 12:05pm Addthis The Blaine County Public Safety Facility houses between 60 and 80 prisoners and roughly 30 staffers. | Photo courtesy of Blaine The Blaine County Public Safety Facility houses between 60 and 80 prisoners and roughly 30 staffers. | Photo courtesy of Blaine Lindsay Gsell What does this project do? The new solar thermal hot water system will provide nearly 70 percent of the BTUs required for heating 600,000 gallons of water for the jail annually, saving the county more than $4,000 a year in electricity costs at current rates. In Hailey, Idaho, one 330,000 square foot building - the Blaine County Public Safety Facility - accounts for the county's highest operational

170

Energy Secretary Bodman's Statement on House Passage of the Energy Bill |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bodman's Statement on House Passage of the Energy Bodman's Statement on House Passage of the Energy Bill Energy Secretary Bodman's Statement on House Passage of the Energy Bill July 28, 2005 - 2:29pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today released the following statement regarding House passage of the Energy Policy Act of 2005: "Ensuring America's future energy security has been a priority for President Bush since his early days in office, and I commend the House of Representatives, particularly Chairman Barton and Ranking Member Dingell, for their efforts on this broad-based legislation that helps achieve that goal. Because of the hard work and thoughtful approach that went into crafting this bipartisan legislation, the House has passed a bill that will reduce energy demand, increase energy supplies, and update our aging energy

171

New Independent Analysis Confirms Climate Bill Costs About a Postage Stamp  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Independent Analysis Confirms Climate Bill Costs About a Independent Analysis Confirms Climate Bill Costs About a Postage Stamp a Day New Independent Analysis Confirms Climate Bill Costs About a Postage Stamp a Day August 4, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - A new analysis by the independent, non-partisan Energy Information Agency confirms findings by earlier reports from the Congressional Budget Office and the Environmental Protection Agency that the Waxman-Markey energy and climate legislation will cost Americans roughly the same as a postage stamp a day. The EIA analysis projects an increased cost of about $83 (adjusted for inflation) by 2030 -- or roughly 23 cents a day. Energy Secretary Steven Chu made the following statement: "This new, independent and highly respected analysis confirms the findings

172

Energy Secretary Bodman Heads to West Virginia to Promote Energy Bill |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Heads to West Virginia to Promote Energy Heads to West Virginia to Promote Energy Bill Energy Secretary Bodman Heads to West Virginia to Promote Energy Bill July 7, 2005 - 2:00pm Addthis Secretary Promotes Energizing America for Energy Security BELLE, WV - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today traveled to West Virginia to urge the Congress to pass comprehensive energy legislation that is now before them. The bill reflects many of the principles of President Bush's national energy policy including the diversification of America's energy supply to include more alternative and renewable sources; encouraging energy efficiency and conservation; promoting more domestic production in environmentally responsible ways; and modernizing our electricity delivery system to minimize the risk of blackouts. President

173

New Infographic and Projects to Keep Your Energy Bills Out of Hot Water |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Infographic and Projects to Keep Your Energy Bills Out of Hot Infographic and Projects to Keep Your Energy Bills Out of Hot Water New Infographic and Projects to Keep Your Energy Bills Out of Hot Water April 19, 2013 - 3:21pm Addthis New Energy Saver 101 infographic lays out the different types of water heaters on the market and will help you figure out how to select the best model for your home. Download a high-resolution version of the infographic. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity. New Energy Saver 101 infographic lays out the different types of water heaters on the market and will help you figure out how to select the best model for your home. Download a high-resolution version of the infographic. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs

174

How to Save on Energy Bills When Buying a New Home | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

How to Save on Energy Bills When Buying a New Home How to Save on Energy Bills When Buying a New Home How to Save on Energy Bills When Buying a New Home June 26, 2013 - 2:09pm Addthis When considering a new home, keep energy efficiency in mind. | Photo courtesy of Warren Gretz, NREL 08742 When considering a new home, keep energy efficiency in mind. | Photo courtesy of Warren Gretz, NREL 08742 This chart shows how much energy a typical appliance uses per year and its corresponding cost based on national averages. For example, a refrigerator uses almost five times the electricity the average television uses. This chart shows how much energy a typical appliance uses per year and its corresponding cost based on national averages. For example, a refrigerator uses almost five times the electricity the average television uses.

175

VP 100: Smart Meters Will Help Customers Avoid High Electric Bills |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Smart Meters Will Help Customers Avoid High Electric Bills Smart Meters Will Help Customers Avoid High Electric Bills VP 100: Smart Meters Will Help Customers Avoid High Electric Bills October 4, 2010 - 3:00pm Addthis An employee installs a smart meter as part of a smart grid initiative by EPB. The project is supporting 390 jobs in the Chattanooga area. | Photo courtesy of EPB An employee installs a smart meter as part of a smart grid initiative by EPB. The project is supporting 390 jobs in the Chattanooga area. | Photo courtesy of EPB Kevin Craft What are the key facts? EPB will install approximately 170,000 smart meters and 1,500 automated switches. They have the potential to provide a $300 million value to EPB and customers over a ten-year period. "Last winter I received a call from my son saying he had a $400 electric

176

Look Up to See Your Bills Go Down: Making Your Attic More Efficient |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Look Up to See Your Bills Go Down: Making Your Attic More Efficient Look Up to See Your Bills Go Down: Making Your Attic More Efficient Look Up to See Your Bills Go Down: Making Your Attic More Efficient July 18, 2011 - 5:29pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL This year at my house, we have been on a quest to make our attic more energy efficient. I think we realized just how much this unseen area contributes to our overall comfort -not to mention what we pay to heat and cool the house. The first thing we did was install more insulation this winter. In addition to the tax credits we'll be able to claim, there were several incentives available from our state and utility that made it a great time for us to make this improvement. Following the installation, we noticed an immediate improvement in the overall comfort of our home and the furnace seemed to

177

VP 100: Smart Meters Will Help Customers Avoid High Electric Bills |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

VP 100: Smart Meters Will Help Customers Avoid High Electric Bills VP 100: Smart Meters Will Help Customers Avoid High Electric Bills VP 100: Smart Meters Will Help Customers Avoid High Electric Bills October 4, 2010 - 3:00pm Addthis An employee installs a smart meter as part of a smart grid initiative by EPB. The project is supporting 390 jobs in the Chattanooga area. | Photo courtesy of EPB An employee installs a smart meter as part of a smart grid initiative by EPB. The project is supporting 390 jobs in the Chattanooga area. | Photo courtesy of EPB Kevin Craft What are the key facts? EPB will install approximately 170,000 smart meters and 1,500 automated switches. They have the potential to provide a $300 million value to EPB and customers over a ten-year period. "Last winter I received a call from my son saying he had a $400 electric

178

How to Save on Energy Bills When Buying a New Home | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

How to Save on Energy Bills When Buying a New Home How to Save on Energy Bills When Buying a New Home How to Save on Energy Bills When Buying a New Home June 26, 2013 - 2:09pm Addthis When considering a new home, keep energy efficiency in mind. | Photo courtesy of Warren Gretz, NREL 08742 When considering a new home, keep energy efficiency in mind. | Photo courtesy of Warren Gretz, NREL 08742 This chart shows how much energy a typical appliance uses per year and its corresponding cost based on national averages. For example, a refrigerator uses almost five times the electricity the average television uses. This chart shows how much energy a typical appliance uses per year and its corresponding cost based on national averages. For example, a refrigerator uses almost five times the electricity the average television uses.

179

Day Three of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature President Bill Clinton, ARPA-E  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Day Three of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature President Bill Day Three of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature President Bill Clinton, ARPA-E Director Majumdar, and America's Top Energy Thought Leaders Day Three of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature President Bill Clinton, ARPA-E Director Majumdar, and America's Top Energy Thought Leaders February 29, 2012 - 6:59am Addthis Washington D.C. - This week, the Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) is hosting its third annual Energy Innovation Summit. With over 2,400 registered attendees, the Summit is designed to unite key players from all sectors of America's energy innovation community to share ideas for how to lead the world in the development of next generation clean energy technologies, develop our nation's energy resources, and build an American economy that lasts.

180

Operating conditions of submerged gates and possibilities of improvement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1. Submerged gates, employed at high-head hydroelectric stations, do not completely meet the demands placed on t...

P. R. Khlopenkov

1971-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Radar Vehicle Detection Within Four Quadrant Gate Crossings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vehicle Detection System for Four-Quadrant Gate Warning Systems and Blocked Crossing Detection. Washington. . . . . Radar Vehicle Detection Within Four Quadrant Gate Crossings Dylan Horne 2014 Global Level and delay but ultimately in loss of life. Radar Vehicle Detection Within Four Quadrant Gate Crossings #12

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

182

Energy Efficiency & On-Bill Financing for Samll Business & Residential  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Efficiency Energy Efficiency & On-Bill Financing For Small Businesses & Residential Presentation for: The Second US-China Energy Efficiency Forum Berkeley, California 05/06/2011 May 5-6, 2011|Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California Connecticut Energy Efficiency Fund (CEEF) Connecticut's Energy Efficiency Programs are funded by a Charge on Customer's electric bills. The Programs are designed to help customers manage their energy usage and cost. May 5-6, 2011|Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California Small Business Objective  PROVIDE > COST-EFFECTIVE, turn-key CONSERVATION and LOAD MANAGEMENT SERVICES to SMALL C&I CUSTOMERS.  What qualifies as a SMALL BUSINESS?

183

A Proposed Method for Improving Residential Heating Energy Estimates Based on Billing Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on these homes by the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) and Pacific Power. Manufactured home billing data, for four years, and 15-min. measured space-heating data for a subset of homes, for two years, were available to us for analysis. Data were... on these homes by the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) and Pacific Power. Manufactured home billing data, for four years, and 15-min. measured space-heating data for a subset of homes, for two years, were available to us for analysis. Data were...

Lee, A. D.; Hadley, D. L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Accuracy and Consistency of Respiratory Gating in Abdominal Cancer Patients  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate respiratory gating accuracy and intrafractional consistency for abdominal cancer patients treated with respiratory gated treatment on a regular linear accelerator system. Methods and Materials: Twelve abdominal patients implanted with fiducials were treated with amplitude-based respiratory-gated radiation therapy. On the basis of daily orthogonal fluoroscopy, the operator readjusted the couch position and gating window such that the fiducial was within a setup margin (fiducial-planning target volume [f-PTV]) when RPM indicated “beam-ON.” Fifty-five pre- and post-treatment fluoroscopic movie pairs with synchronized respiratory gating signal were recorded. Fiducial motion traces were extracted from the fluoroscopic movies using a template matching algorithm and correlated with f-PTV by registering the digitally reconstructed radiographs with the fluoroscopic movies. Treatment was determined to be “accurate” if 50% of the fiducial area stayed within f-PTV while beam-ON. For movie pairs that lost gating accuracy, a MATLAB program was used to assess whether the gating window was optimized, the external-internal correlation (EIC) changed, or the patient moved between movies. A series of safety margins from 0.5 mm to 3 mm was added to f-PTV for reassessing gating accuracy. Results: A decrease in gating accuracy was observed in 44% of movie pairs from daily fluoroscopic movies of 12 abdominal patients. Three main causes for inaccurate gating were identified as change of global EIC over time (?43%), suboptimal gating setup (?37%), and imperfect EIC within movie (?13%). Conclusions: Inconsistent respiratory gating accuracy may occur within 1 treatment session even with a daily adjusted gating window. To improve or maintain gating accuracy during treatment, we suggest using at least a 2.5-mm safety margin to account for gating and setup uncertainties.

Ge, Jiajia; Santanam, Lakshmi; Yang, Deshan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri (United States); Parikh, Parag J., E-mail: pparikh@radonc.wustl.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri (United States)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Gate-controlled ultraviolet photo-etching of graphene edges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The chemical reactivity of graphene under ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation is investigated under positive and negative gate electric fields. Graphene edges are selectively etched when negative gate voltages are applied while the reactivity is significantly suppressed for positive gate voltages. Oxygen adsorption onto graphene is significantly affected by the Fermi level of the final state achieved during previous electrical measurements. UV irradiation after negative-to-positive gate sweeps causes predominant oxygen desorption while UV irradiation after gate sweeps in the opposite direction causes etching of graphene edges.

Mitoma, Nobuhiko; Nouchi, Ryo [Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research Center, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka 599-8570 (Japan)] [Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research Center, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka 599-8570 (Japan)

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

186

Improving the fidelity of optical Zeno gates via distillation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have modeled the Zeno effect controlled-sign gate of Franson et al. [Phys. Rev. A 70, 062302 (2004)] and shown that high two-photon to one-photon absorption ratios, {kappa}, are needed for high fidelity free-standing operation. Hence we instead employ this gate for cluster state fusion, where the requirement for {kappa} is less restrictive. With the help of partially offline one-photon and two-photon distillations, we can achieve a fusion gate with unity fidelity but nonunit probability of success. We conclude that for {kappa}>2200, the Zeno fusion gate will out perform the equivalent linear optics gate.

Leung, Patrick M.; Ralph, Timothy C. [Centre for Quantum Computer Technology, Department of Physics, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072 (Australia)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

AgraGate Carbon Credits Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AgraGate Carbon Credits Corporation AgraGate Carbon Credits Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name AgraGate Carbon Credits Corporation Place Des Moines, Iowa Zip 50266 Product Offset aggregators that work with American farmers, ranchers, and private forest owners, providing clients with cash flows produced by the sale of credits. Offsets are sold on the Chicago Climate Exchange References AgraGate Carbon Credits Corporation[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. AgraGate Carbon Credits Corporation is a company located in Des Moines, Iowa . References ↑ "AgraGate Carbon Credits Corporation" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=AgraGate_Carbon_Credits_Corporation&oldid=341882"

188

Arbitrary two-qubit computation in 23 elementary gates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We address the problem of constructing quantum circuits to implement an arbitrary two-qubit quantum computation. We pursue circuits without ancilla qubits and as small a number of elementary quantum gates as possible. Our lower bound for worst-case optimal two-qubit circuits calls for at least 17 gates: 15 one-qubit rotations and 2 controlled-NOT (CNOT) gates. We also constructively prove a worst-case upper bound of 23 elementary gates, of which at most four (CNOT gates) entail multiqubit interactions. Our analysis shows that synthesis algorithms suggested in previous work, although more general, entail larger quantum circuits than ours in the special case of two qubits. One such algorithm has a worst case of 61 gates, of which 18 may be CNOT gates.

Bullock, Stephen S.; Markov, Igor L. [Department of Mathematics, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122, USA (United States); Mathematical and Computational Sciences Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8910, USA (United States); Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, The University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Avenue-EECS, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122, USA (United States)

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Retail Electronic Payments Systems for Value Transfers in the Developing World Bill Maurer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Retail Electronic Payments Systems for Value Transfers in the Developing World Bill Maurer of existing retail electronic payment systems; and those that remain outside of national banking and financial institutions and involve new technologies for retail payments. · Payment and communication technologies from

Brody, James P.

190

Bill Goodwine California Institute of Technology Motion Planning for Legged Robots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the main point of this work is the development of a general theory. #12;Bill Goodwine California Institute the trajectory generation problem is not so easy. For the car, there are only two inputs, but four states that we] For stratified systems, because of the need to lift legs off of the ground, we choose to extend the approach

Goodwine, Bill

191

Monroe County Extension Saves $2,000 Annually on Utility Bills  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

antiquated tube boilers with new, high-efficiency, condensing boilers. Projected Savings Over $2,000 per year% efficiency, were replaced with 95%-efficiency condensing boilers. The new boilers use 70% less water, operateMonroe County Extension Saves $2,000 Annually on Utility Bills Heating Efficiency Upgrades Lower

Keinan, Alon

192

BILLS IMPORTANT TO THOSE INTERESTED IN GLOBAL WARMING League of Women Voters, Washington  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to operate as a hybrid or a fuel cell, natural gas, propane, hydrogen or electricity. The problem with HB1467 for Alternative Vehicles, Fuel & Equipment. HB 1467 Providing incentives for the purchase of hybrid and fuel cell hybrid cars, the bill should be amended to provide incentives for purchasing vehicles with a fuel

193

NetBill: An Internet Commerce System Optimized for Network Delivered Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NetBill: An Internet Commerce System Optimized for Network Delivered Services Marvin Sirbu J. D for commerce in information goods and other network delivered services. It has very low transaction costs. Of special interest is our new certified delivery mechanism which delivers information goods if and only

Tygar, Doug

194

June 28, 2005 Senate Passes Energy Bill in Prelude to Talks With House  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and gas production, wind and solar energy, energy-efficient appliances and hybrid cars. The measure, Republican of New Mexico, the chairman of the Energy and Natural Resources Committee. But the adoptionJune 28, 2005 Senate Passes Energy Bill in Prelude to Talks With House By CARL HULSE WASHINGTON

195

The University of Tennessee Health Science Center Clinical Trial Billing Procedure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

personnel engaged in clinical trial financial operations (budgeting, billing, etc.) will be required of these documents. (3) sends the Request to Conduct Research Form to the applicable facility(ies), if required, and Study Site/Services Agreement to Finance & Operations, if required, prior to any participants receiving

Cui, Yan

196

Forest Products Marketing Workshop / Novi Sad / 3 6 April 2006 DAVID BILLS CBE FICFOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest Products Marketing Workshop / Novi Sad / 3 ­ 6 April 2006 DAVID BILLS CBE FICFOR Marketing Campaigns Reflections & Lessons Serbia UNECE 5/4/2006 #12;Forest Products Marketing Workshop / Novi Sad / 3 ­ 6 April 2006 Marketing Campaigns · Australia (1988-1994) Promotion of the Forest Industry

197

Concurrent Optimization of Consumer's Electrical Energy Bill and Producer's Power Generation Cost under a Dynamic Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Concurrent Optimization of Consumer's Electrical Energy Bill and Producer's Power Generation Cost lower cost. I. INTRODUCTION There is no substitute for the status of electrical energy, which. Availability of affordable and sustainable electrical energy has been the key to prosperity and continued socio

Pedram, Massoud

198

Cooperative Extension of Schoharie County Slashes Energy Bills by $2,400 per Year  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Association, understood that an energy audit would save the organization money and reduce energy consumption knew that another would definitely allow us to update our energy conservation plan and would definitelyCooperative Extension of Schoharie County Slashes Energy Bills by $2,400 per Year Audit

Keinan, Alon

199

A Counterflow Pipeline Experiment Bill Coates, Jo Ebergen, Jon Lexau, Scott Fairbanks, Ian Jones,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Counterflow Pipeline Experiment Bill Coates, Jo Ebergen, Jon Lexau, Scott Fairbanks, Ian Jones The counterflow pipeline architecture [12] consists of two interacting pipelines in which data items flow in op. The maximum total throughput of the chip, which is the sum of the throughputs of the two pipelines, varies

Harris, David Money

200

Senate Bill No. 76 An act to amend the heading of Chapter 14 (commencing with Section  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for hydrogen fuels for use in internal combustion engines and fuel cells in motor vehicles until a standards standards for hydrogen fuels for use in internal combustion engines and fuel cells in motor vehicles to these provisions, unless specified requirements are met. This bill would add hydrogen fuels to these provisions

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Better Buildings Neighborhood Initiative Upgrades 100,000 Buildings, Saves $730 Million on Energy Bills  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Building on President Obama’s Climate Action Plan and the Administration’s Better Buildings Initiative, the Energy Department announced today that the Department’s Better Buildings Neighborhood Program has helped more than 40 state and local governments upgrade more than 100,000 buildings and save families and businesses over $730 million on utility bills.

202

Oil drilling to use LSU process Show Caption BILL FEIG/THE ADVOCATE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BUSINESS Oil drilling to use LSU process Show Caption BILL FEIG/THE ADVOCATE Advocate staff process to make wood-plastic composites has found a new application in the oil and gas business to turn used plastic motor oil containers and wood waste into a strong composite material that can be used

203

Gates, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gates, Oregon: Energy Resources Gates, Oregon: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.7562329°, -122.4167483° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.7562329,"lon":-122.4167483,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

204

Optical Determination of Gate--Tunable Bandgap in Bilayer Graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tunable Bandgap in Bilayer Graphene Yuanbo Zhang* 1 , Tsung-gate-tunable bandgap in graphene bilayers with magnitude asbands. In two- dimensional graphene bilayers this bandgap

Zhang, Yuanbo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Penn State DOE Graduate Automotive Technology Education (Gate...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Graduate Automotive Technology Education (Gate) Program for In-Vehicle, High-Power Energy Storage Systems 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program...

206

PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) MedGate Occupational...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Occupational Health and Safety Medical System (OHS) (Includes the Drug and Alcohol Testing System (Assistant)) PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) MedGate...

207

GATE Center of Excellence at UAB for Lightweight Materials and...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Constante (PhD candidate) and Samuel Jasper (PhD candidate) working on composite beams GATE courses (some newly developed, some based on tailoring content in existing...

208

Self-terminating diffraction gates femtosecond X-ray nanocrystallograp...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Self-terminating diffraction gates femtosecond X-ray nanocrystallography measurements Authors: Barty, A., Caleman, C., Aquila, A., Timneanu, N., Lomb, L., White, T. A., Andreasson,...

209

Sandia National Laboratories: ECIS and i-GATE: Innovation Hub...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

support system to accelerate the commercialization of innovative technologies related to green transportation and clean energy. There are now eight i-GATE clients developing fuel...

210

Improved design of a deep vertical-lift gate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1. Redesigning of the framework of a deep vertical-lift gate by replacing the multibeam framework by a two-beam ...

P. R. Khlopenkov

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Vehicle Technologies Office: Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE established the Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Centers of Excellence to provide future generations of engineers and scientists with knowledge and skills in advanced automotive...

212

Bill Klemm Y-12 National Security Complex July 10 2012 SB Summit.pdf  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

BILL KLEMM BILL KLEMM SR. VP AND DEPUTY GENERAL MANAGER Y-12 NATIONAL SECURITY COMPLEX Y-12's Missions * Deterrence-produce, maintain and protect essential materials and components for U.S. nuclear arsenal * Naval Reactors-provide highly-enriched uranium for naval fuel * Nuclear Nonproliferation-reduce the threat of terrorism Y-12 Today * FY2011 spending - approximately $1 billion * Approx. 8,000 employees (including 4,600 B&W Y-12, 540 WSI, 80 federal staff and 2,350 subcontractors) * 66% of business partners are small businesses * >$1.5 billion subcontracted to small businesses since 2001 Mentor Protégé, $12.9M Large Business, $181.4M Other Small Business, $154.2M Small Business, 77,463 Large Business, 11,769 Procurement Activity - FY2011 Subcontract Awards

213

A new basal hadrosauroid dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Uzbekistan and the early radiation of duck-billed dinosaurs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Kitadani Formation of Fukui Prefecture, Japan. J. Vert. Paleontol. 23, 166-175...Cretaceous of Uzbekistan and the early radiation of duck-billed dinosaurs. | Levnesovia...Gilmoreosaurus represent the earliest radiation of Hadrosauroidea, which took place...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Arkansan Worker Cuts Bills After Auto Job Layoff | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Arkansan Worker Cuts Bills After Auto Job Layoff Arkansan Worker Cuts Bills After Auto Job Layoff Arkansan Worker Cuts Bills After Auto Job Layoff November 24, 2009 - 3:34pm Addthis Joshua DeLung The wind used to howl around the doors and through the attic of Thomas Lee's house. It's an older brick home with poor insulation located just outside the city limits of Tyronza, Ark. The furnace never seemed to kick off in the winter, and keeping his family warm was a constant battle, Thomas says, one that cost him close to $100 extra each month in the winter. Thomas is 51 years old and lives with his wife and two teenage sons. When his two-bedroom home was weatherized in August, the 15-year U.S. Navy veteran experienced the effects of the Recovery Act first-hand when he could really use it. After his 13-year auto manufacturing job, where he was most recently a

215

Arkansan Worker Cuts Bills After Auto Job Layoff | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Arkansan Worker Cuts Bills After Auto Job Layoff Arkansan Worker Cuts Bills After Auto Job Layoff Arkansan Worker Cuts Bills After Auto Job Layoff November 24, 2009 - 3:34pm Addthis Joshua DeLung The wind used to howl around the doors and through the attic of Thomas Lee's house. It's an older brick home with poor insulation located just outside the city limits of Tyronza, Ark. The furnace never seemed to kick off in the winter, and keeping his family warm was a constant battle, Thomas says, one that cost him close to $100 extra each month in the winter. Thomas is 51 years old and lives with his wife and two teenage sons. When his two-bedroom home was weatherized in August, the 15-year U.S. Navy veteran experienced the effects of the Recovery Act first-hand when he could really use it. After his 13-year auto manufacturing job, where he was most recently a

216

The impact of alternative farm policy proposals for the 1990 Farm Bill on representative beef cattle ranches in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE IMPACT OF ALTERNATIVE FARM POLICY PROPOSALS FOR THE 1990 FARM BILL ON REPRESENTATIVE BEEF CATTLE RANCHES IN TEXAS A Thesis by DAVID ALLEN HARTMAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfdlrnent... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE AUGUST 1990 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics THE IMPACT OF ALTERNATIVE FARM POLICY PROPOSALS FOR THE 1990 FARM BILL ON REPRESENTATIVE BEEF CATTLE RANCHES IN TEXAS A Thesis by DAVID ALLEN HARTMAN...

Hartman, David Allen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

217

Cavity-QED-based quantum phase gate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are detuned by an amount D from the cavity mode 1, i.e., vbc5n11D . A quantum phase gate with a p phase shift is implemented if the atom in its ground state uc& passes through the cavity such that ~1! the detuning D is equal to g2, and ~2! the interaction...- lowing. The effective Hamiltonian for the interaction, in the di- pole and rotating-wave approximations, is H5H01H1 , ~3! where H05\

Zubairy, M. Suhail; Kim, M.; Scully, Marlan O.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Optical AND and NOT gates at 40 Gbps using electro-absorption modulator/photodiode pairs.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate an optical gate architecture using electro-absorption modulator/photodiode pairs to perform AND and NOT functions. Optical bandwidth for both gates reach 40 GHz. Also shown are AND gate waveforms at 40 Gbps.

Tauke-Pedretti, Anna; Overberg, Mark E.; Skogen, Erik J.; Alford, Charles Fred; Sullivan, Charles Thomas; Vawter, Gregory Allen; Peake, Gregory Merwin; Torres, David L.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Modeling gated neutron images of THD capsules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Time gating a neutron detector 28m from a NIF implosion can produce images at different energies. The brighter image near 14 MeV reflects the size and symmetry of the capsule 'hot spot'. Scattered neutrons, {approx}9.5-13 MeV, reflect the size and symmetry of colder, denser fuel, but with only {approx}1-7% of the neutrons. The gated detector records both the scattered neutron image, and, to a good approximation, an attenuated copy of the primary image left by scintillator decay. By modeling the imaging system the energy band for the scattered neutron image (10-12 MeV) can be chosen, trading off the decayed primary image and the decrease of scattered image brightness with energy. Modeling light decay from EJ399, BC422, BCF99-55, Xylene, DPAC-30, and Liquid A leads to a preference from BCF99-55 for the first NIF detector, but DPAC 30 and Liquid A would be preferred if incorporated into a system. Measurement of the delayed light from the NIF scintillator using implosions at the Omega laser shows BCF99-55 to be a good choice for down-scattered imaging at 28m.

Wilson, Douglas Carl [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Grim, Gary P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tregillis, Ian L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wilke, Mark D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morgan, George L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Loomis, Eric N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wilde, Carl H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Oertel, John A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fatherley, Valerie E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Clark, David D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Schmitt, Mark J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merrill, Frank E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wang, Tai - Sen F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Danly, Christopher R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Batha, Steven H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Patel, M [LLNL; Sepke, S [LLNL; Hatarik, R [LLNL; Fittinghoff, D [LLNL; Bower, D [LLNL; Marinak, M [LLNL; Munro, D [LLNL; Moran, M [LLNL; Hilko, R [NSTEC; Frank, M [LLNL; Buckles, R [NSTEC

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Sizing sliding gate valves for steam service  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sliding gate valves have been used in thousands of applications during the past 40 yr. While steam control is a common application for these valves, thy are also used to control other gases and liquids. The sliding gate design provides straight-through flow, which minimizes turbulence, vibration, and noise. Seats are self-cleaning and self-lapping to provide a tight, long-lasting shutoff. A correctly sized valve is essential for accurate control. Valve size should be determined by service and system requirements, not by the size of the existing pipeline. Sizing a valve on the basis of pipeline size usually results in an oversized valve and poor control. Generally, regulator size is smaller than pipe size. Whenever complete information is known (inlet pressure, outlet pressure, or pressure drop, and required flow), determine the valve flow coefficient (C{sub v}) using the equations in ANSI/ISA S75.01 or a flow sizing chart. Tables of values for various types of valves are available from manufacturers. However, when complete system requirements are not known, valve oversizing is prevented by determining the design capacity of piping downstream from the valve. The valve should not be sized to pass more flow than the maximum amount the pipe can handle at a reasonable velocity. An example calculation is given.

Bollinger, R. [Jordan Value, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

1995-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A p-cell approach to integer gate sizing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cell (p-cell) approach to the generation of layouts of standard gates is presented. The use of constant delay model for gate delay estimation is proposed which eliminates the need for maintaining huge volumes of delay tables in the standard cell library...

Doddannagari, Uday

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

222

A SIMULATION MODEL FOR FLOATING-GATE MOS SYNAPSE TRANSISTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A SIMULATION MODEL FOR FLOATING-GATE MOS SYNAPSE TRANSISTORS Kambiz Rahimi, Chris Diorio, Cecilia, Seattle, Washington ABSTRACT We propose an empirical simulation model for p-channel floating-gate MOS and accurate simulation model for the synaptic devices, many of these circuits were designed using equation

Diorio, Chris

223

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum oxide gate Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 Charge Trapping Characteristics of SONOS Capacitors with Control Gates of Different Work Functions during ProgramErase Operations Summary: ABSTRACT The control gate...

224

Paying the Toll: A Political History of the Golden Gate Bridge and Highway District, 1923-1971  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Final Environmental Statement Golden Gate Bridge, HighwayGolden Gate Bridge Highway and Transportation District, Draft Environmental

Dyble, Amy Louise Nelson

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Metal-gate-induced reduction of the interfacial layer in Hf oxide gate stacks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The properties of high-{kappa} metal oxide gate stacks are often determined in the final processing steps following dielectric deposition. We report here results from medium energy ion scattering and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies of oxygen and silicon diffusion and interfacial layer reactions in multilayer gate stacks. Our results show that Ti metallization of HfO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2}/Si stacks reduces the SiO{sub 2} interlayer and (to a more limited extent) the HfO{sub 2} layer. We find that Si atoms initially present in the interfacial SiO{sub 2} layer incorporate into the bottom of the high-{kappa} layer. Some evidence for Ti-Si interdiffusion through the high-{kappa} film in the presence of a Ti gate in the crystalline HfO{sub 2} films is also reported. This diffusion is likely to be related to defects in crystalline HfO{sub 2} films, such as grain boundaries. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy and corresponding electron energy loss spectroscopy scans show aggressive Ti-Si intermixing and oxygen diffusion to the outermost Ti layer, given high enough annealing temperature. Thermodynamic calculations show that the driving forces exist for some of the observed diffusion processes.

Goncharova, L. V.; Dalponte, M.; Gustafsson, T.; Celik, O.; Garfunkel, E.; Lysaght, P. S.; Bersuker, G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Laboratory for Surface Modification, Rutgers University, 136 Frelinghuysen Rd., Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 (United States); Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, and Laboratory for Surface Modification, Rutgers University, 610 Taylor Rd., Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 (United States); SEMATECH, 2705 Montopolis Dr., Austin, Texas 78741 (United States)

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

Summary Impacts of Modeled Provisions of the 2003 Conference Energy Bill  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Summary Impacts of Modeled Provisions of the 2003 Conference Energy Bill February 2004 Energy Information Administration Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This Service Report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or of any other organization. Service Reports are prepared by the Energy Information Administration upon special request and are based on assumptions specified by the requestor.

227

Analysis of Five Selected Tax Provisions of the Conference Energy Bill of 2003  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Analysis of Five Selected Tax Provisions of the Conference Energy Bill of 2003 February 2004 Energy Information Administration Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This Service Report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or of any other organization. Service Reports are prepared by the Energy Information Administration upon special request and are based on assumptions specified by the requestor.

228

[BILLING CODE]  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

[6450-01-P] [6450-01-P] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Parts 433 [Docket No.: EERE-2011-BT-STD-0055] RIN 1904-AC60 Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings (Final Rule) AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy ACTION: Finding of No Significant Impact. SUMMARY: Section 305(a) of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA) requires that DOE establish by rule Federal building energy efficiency standards for all Federal commercial and multi-family high-rise residential buildings. EPCA requires the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to establish by rule revised Federal building energy efficiency performance standards. (42 U.S.C. 6834(a)(3)(A)) The Final Rule updates the

229

Bill Vogel  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vogel Vogel Director of Apparent Inc, Founder of Trilliant Inc. Apparent Inc. and Trilliant Inc. This speaker was a visiting speaker who delivered a talk or talks on the date(s) shown at the links below. This speaker is not otherwise associated with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, unless specifically identified as a Berkeley Lab staff member. In addition to serving on Apparent's board, Mr. William Vogel is a serial entrepreneur in renewables, smart grid and demand response. He was the founder and CEO of Trilliant Inc., a network that integrates real-time distribution networks with smart metering, demand response and customer information management. Trilliant is owned by a consortium of investors of which include ABB, GE, Mission Point Capital and Vantage Point

230

Micro-mechanical logic for field produceable gate arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A paradigm of micro-mechanical gates for field produceable logic is explored. A desktop manufacturing system is sought after which is capable of printing functional logic devices in the field. A logic scheme which induces ...

Prakash, Manu

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

On the Query Complexity of Perfect Gate Discrimination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Query Complexity of Perfect Gate Discrimination Giulio Chiribella1 , Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano2 queries are called at different time steps [5]. T Q C © Giulio Chiribella, Giacomo Mauro D

D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro

232

How many copies are needed for gate discrimination?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How many copies are needed for gate discrimination? Giulio Chiribella1 , Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano2 Chiribella, Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano, and Martin Roetteler; licensed under Creative Commons License

D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro

233

Parameter Mismatches, Chaos Synchronization and Fast Dynamic Logic Gates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By using chaos synchronization between non-identical multiple time delay semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedbacks, we demonstrate numerically how fast dynamic logic gates can be constructed. The results may be helpful to obtain a computational hardware with reconfigurable properties.

E. M. Shahverdiev

2009-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

234

Single-Step Implementation of Universal Quantum Gates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We construct optimized implementations of the controlled-NOT and other universal two-qubit gates that, unlike many of the previously proposed protocols, are carried out in a single step. The new protocols require tunable interqubit couplings but, in return, show a significant improvement in the quality of gate operations. We make specific predictions for coupled Josephson junction qubits and compare them with the results of recent experiments.

Grigorenko, I.A.; Khveshchenko, D.V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 (United States)

2005-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

235

Self-aligned submicron gate length gallium arsenide MESFET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SELF-ALIGNED SUBMICRON GATE LENGTH GALLIUM ARSENIDE MESFET A Thesis by HSIEN-CHING HUANG Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASSAM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree ol' MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1987... Major Subject: Electrical Engineering SELF-ALIGNED SUBMICRON GATE LENGTH GALLIUM ARSENIDE MESFET A Thesis by HSIEN-CHING HUANG Approved as to style and content by: Mark. H. Weichold (Chairman of Committee) Donald L. Parker (Member) dali L...

Huang, Hsien-Ching

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

236

Ultrafast gating of proximity-focused microchannel-plate intensifiers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proximity-focused, microchannel-plate (MCP) image intensifiers have been used at Los Alamos for many years to allow single frame film and video exposure times in the range of 2.5 to 10 ns. There is now a program to reduce gating times to < 1 ns. This paper reviews previous work and the problems in achieving good resolution with gating times of < 1 ns. The key problems involve applying fast electrical gating signals to the tube elements. We present computer modeling studies of the combined tube, tube connection, and pulser system and show that low photocathode surface resistivity must be obtained to permit fast gating between the photocathode and the MCP input. We discuss ways of making low-resistivity S20 photocathodes, using gallium arsenide photocathodes, and various means of gating the tubes. A variety of pulser designs are being experimentally evaluated including spark gaps, avalanche transistors, Krytron tubes with sharpening gaps, step recovery diodes, and photoconductive elements (PCEs). The results of these studies are presented. Because of the high capacitances involved in most gating schemes, the tube connection geometry must be of low-impedance design, and our solution is presented. Finally, ways of testing these high-speed camera systems are discussed.

Lundy, A.S.; Iverson, A.E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

SensorFlock: A Mobile System of Networked Micro-Air Vehicles Ahmad Bilal Hasan, Bill Pisano, Saroch Panichsakul, Pete Gray, Jyh Huang,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SensorFlock: A Mobile System of Networked Micro-Air Vehicles Ahmad Bilal Hasan, Bill Pisano, Saroch System of Networked Micro-Air Vehicles 1 Ahmad Bilal Hasan, 2 Bill Pisano, 1 Saroch Panichsakul,2 Pete of our MAV airplane, its avionics, semi- autonomous flight control software, launch system, flock control

Han, Richard Y.

238

Curriculum Vitae Professional http://geochemistry.usask.ca/bill/Curriculum%20Vitae%2010-24.htm[2/11/2009 7:14:51 PM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Curriculum Vitae Professional http://geochemistry.usask.ca/bill/Curriculum%20Vitae%2010-24.htm[2/11/2009 7:14:51 PM] CURRICULUM VITAE- last updated 12/14/07 Dr. WILLIAM P. PATTERSON Professor and Director, Missouri Highway and Trans. Dept., 1986-89. #12;Curriculum Vitae Professional http://geochemistry.usask.ca/bill/Curriculum

Patterson, William P.

239

Accelerometer-Based method for extracting respiratory and cardiac gating information for dual gating during nuclear medicine imaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Both respiratory and cardiac motions reduce the quality and consistency of medical imaging specifically in nuclear medicine imaging. Motion artifacts can be eliminated by gating the image acquisition based on the respiratory phase and cardiac contractions ...

Mojtaba Jafari Tadi, Tero Koivisto, Mikko Pänkäälä, Ari Paasio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

The Continuing Relevance of Paul Otlet, the International Institute of Bibliography/International Federation for Documentation, and the Documentation Movement for Information Science and Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

28). Bill Gates funds research into climate hacking. Wired.gates-paying-for-climate-hacking- research/. Martin, G. (

Dewey, Scott Hamilton

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

On-Bill Financing for Energy Efficiency Improvements: A Review of Current Program Challenges, Opportunities, and Best Practices  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The purpose of this report is to take a closer look at experience with on-bill financing programs and to analyze key elements for successful programs as well as factors that may impede the achievement of optimal results. Author: American Counsel for Energy-Efficient Economy

242

NYU Electronic Suite for eBilling + ePayment For additional information, visit the Electronic Suite section on the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NYU Electronic Suite for eBilling + ePayment For additional information, visit the Electronic Suite of options. This will link you to the secure eSuite website. If parents want to make an electronic check-check payment, parents must be invited by the student, to create an eSuite account. NYU's Electronic Suite

Mohri, Mehryar

243

Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to call for written evidence on the draft Care and Support Bill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to long-term workforce planning? Does the draft Bill set out HEE's powers clearly, along with its of education and training of the healthcare workforce (clause 54(1)). Research duty 3. We consider the duty and modern workforce it is essential that HEE oversees a system that provides the education and training

Rambaut, Andrew

244

Application for theAnn and Bill Fisher Graduate Scholarship 1. Your name Mr. Miss, Ms., Mrs.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application for theAnn and Bill Fisher Graduate Scholarship 1. Your name Mr. Miss, Ms., Mrs): _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ 5. Date of birth: (month, day, year): Page 1 of 3 Eligibility: You are eligible for this scholarship, and You are proficient in at least two languages, and You are able to demonstrate 1)outstanding academic

Rock, Chris

245

Application for theAnn and Bill Fisher Graduate Scholarship 1. Your name Mr. Miss, Ms., Mrs.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application for theAnn and Bill Fisher Graduate Scholarship 1. Your name Mr. Miss, Ms., Mrs): _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ 6. Date of birth: (month, day, year): Page 1 of 3 Eligibility: You are eligible for this scholarship; and You are proficient in at least two languages; and You are able to demonstrate 1) outstanding academic

Rock, Chris

246

The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Net metering has become a widespread mechanism in the U.S. for supporting customer adoption of distributed photovoltaics (PV), but has faced challenges as PV installations grow to a larger share of generation in a number of states. This paper examines the value of the bill savings that customers receive under net metering, and the associated role of retail rate design, based on a sample of approximately two hundred residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities. We find that the bill savings per kWh of PV electricity generated varies by more than a factor of four across the customers in the sample, which is largely attributable to the inclining block structure of the utilities' residential retail rates. We also compare the bill savings under net metering to that received under three potential alternative compensation mechanisms, based on California's Market Price Referent (MPR). We find that net metering provides significantly greater bill savings than a full MPR-based feed-in tariff, but only modestly greater savings than alternative mechanisms under which hourly or monthly net excess generation is compensated at the MPR rate.

Energy and Resources Group, University of California, Berkeley; Darghouth, Naim R.; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Senate Bill No. 34 An act to add Sections 2069, 2099, and 2099.5 to the Fish and Game  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Senate Bill No. 34 CHAPTER 9 An act to add Sections 2069, 2099, and 2099.5 to the Fish and Game Species Act (CESA) requires the Fish and Game Commission to establish a list of endangered species and a list of threatened species and requires the Department of Fish and Game to recommend

248

Help save the Earth (and pay your bills)... Specialist in Earth System Modeling at UC Irvine. Posted March 1, 2004.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

model simulations at the newly established Earth System Modeling Facility (www System Modeling at UC Irvine. Posted March 1, 2004. The Department of Earth System Science (ESS) at UCHelp save the Earth (and pay your bills)... Scientific Programmer Needed! Specialist in Earth

Zender, Charles

249

Markus Popa, DOE (OCRWM) Bill Sherman, NE HLRW Task Force Robert Holden, NCAI  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Minutes Monday, November 3rd 2:00-3:00 p.m. (EST) Minutes Monday, November 3rd 2:00-3:00 p.m. (EST) Participants included: Markus Popa, DOE (OCRWM) Bill Sherman, NE HLRW Task Force Robert Holden, NCAI Mike Butler, UETC Bob Fronczak, AAR Kevin Blackwell, FRA Mike Butler (UETC) greeted participants and informed the group of previous notification by Robert Light (Mescalero Apache Tribe), Robert Centracco (FRA), and Mike Calhoun (FRA) that they would be unable to join the call. Mr. Butler began the call with a brief update on the status of Matrix 1, now entitled "Summary of Rail and Highway Regulations and their Applicability to States, Tribes, Shippers, and Carriers." He informed the group that he had completed an initial draft of the matrix, but that he was making substantial revisions to it and therefore he had not distributed it to the entire group for

250

2012 CERTS R&M Peer Review - Summary: Mapping Energy Futures - Bill Schulze  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Mapping Energy Futures: The SuperOPF Planning Tool Mapping Energy Futures: The SuperOPF Planning Tool Project Lead: Bill Schulze Co-investigators: Dick Schuler, Ray Zimmerman, Dan Shawhan 1. Project objective: Given that the electric power system is central to the US energy future, the project objective is to develop an open source planning tool that can demonstrate the impact of various policies and regulations on electricity prices, emissions, fuel use, renewable energy use, etc. This tool currently optimizes investment in generation and uses a model of the US electricity network that includes all high voltage lines. 2. Major technical accomplishments that have been completed this year: The model has been successfully run for both the Eastern Interconnection and ERCOT to examine the impact of high and low future natural gas prices and with and without

251

David Fridley, Nina Zheng, Nan Zhou, Jing Ke, Ali Hasanbeigi, Bill  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

China Energy and China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030 David Fridley, Nina Zheng, Nan Zhou, Jing Ke, Ali Hasanbeigi, Bill Morrow, and Lynn Price China Energy Group, Energy Analysis Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory January 2011 This work was supported by the Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth, Kyoto, Japan, through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE- AC02-05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the

252

2012 CERTS R&M Peer Review - Mapping Energy Futures - Bill Schulze  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Mapping Energy Futures: Mapping Energy Futures: The SuperOPF Planning Tool Bill Schulze, Dick Schuler, Ray Zimmerman, Dan Shawhan, John Taber, Jubo Yan, Andy Kindle PSERC Existing Planning Tools * Are either very detailed but do not optimize investment over the planning region or * Are highly aggregated using bubbles and pipes (or only a few nodes) to represent the network * Don't include environmental modeling PSERC SuperOPF Planning Tool Uses three network reductions (for the EI, ERCOT and WECC) from Dan Tylavsky to cover the entire nation. These reductions retain all high voltage lines of 230 KV and above. PSERC Features * Investment in new generation * Retirement of old generation * Emissions of CO2, NOX and SO2 * Atmospheric modeling of fine particulates and

253

Ozonesonde measurements from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) site in Billings, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ozonesonde instruments were prepared and released at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) site located near Billings, Oklahoma. Ozone sensors, associated radiosondes, balloons, and other parts and pieces required for the ozone observations were provided by WFF on a reimbursable arrangement with ANL. Observations were scheduled daily at 1,700 UTC beginning on September 22, 1995. Attempts to maintain this schedule were frustrated by a few simultaneous operations involving different electronic devices in use resulting in considerable rf noise. Since radiosondes are necessarily low-cost instruments their reception is particularly susceptible to noisy rf fields. Overall, however, 36 ozonesonde flights were made with the last observation occurring on November 1, 1995. Ozone data were processed on-site through the ground-station software and preliminary data delivered to Mike Splitt at the ARM site.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Hydrodynamic effects on Mission Canyon (Mississippian) oil accumulations, Billings Nose area, North Dakota  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mission Canyon oil production on the south flank of the Williston basin provides an example of an area in the mature stage of exploration that shows significant hydrodynamic effects on oil accumulations related to stratigraphic traps. The effects are illustrated by the Billings Nose fields and the Elkhorn Ranch field. The reservoirs have low hydraulic gradients of about 2 m/km (10 ft/mi), tilted oil-water contacts with gradients of 5 m/km (25 ft/mi), and variable formation-water salinities that range from brackish to highly saline. Oil accumulations in some zones are displayed off structure and downdip to the northeast, parallel to porosity pinch-outs. Other zones are pure hydrodynamic closure. Future success in exploration and development in the play will depend on recognizing the hydrodynamic effects and predicting oil displacement. 34 refs., 15 figs., 1 tab.

Berg, R.R. (Texas A M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)); DeMis, W.D. (Marathon Oil Co., Houston, TX (United States)); Mitsdarffer, A.R. (Dupont Environmental Remediation Services, Houston, TX (United States))

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

2012 SG Peer Review - Demonstration of a Coordinated and Integrated System - Bill Becker, Spirae  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fort Collins RDSI Project Fort Collins RDSI Project Bill Becker, Oliver Pacific Spirae Inc. June 8, 2012 December 2008 Fort Collins RDSI Objective Life-cycle Funding FY09 - FY12 DOE: $6,323,380 Community: $4,729,569 Total: $11,052,949 Technical Scope I. Demonstrate the ability to reduce electric system distribution feeder peak load by 20% or more through the coordinated use of Distributed Energy Resources (DER). II. Advance the expertise, technologies and infrastructure necessary to achieve the vision of the Fort Collins Zero Energy District (FortZED) Integrate multiple and varied distributed energy resources (DER) from five partner sites with an active management platform that could coordinate the participation of these assets to achieve both project and community goals. 2 December 2008 Needs and Project Targets

256

RDI's Wisdom Way Solar Village Final Report: Includes Utility Bill Analysis of Occupied Homes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2010, Rural Development, Inc. (RDI) completed construction of Wisdom Way Solar Village (WWSV), a community of ten duplexes (20 homes) in Greenfield, MA. RDI was committed to very low energy use from the beginning of the design process throughout construction. Key features include: 1. Careful site plan so that all homes have solar access (for active and passive); 2. Cellulose insulation providing R-40 walls, R-50 ceiling, and R-40 floors; 3. Triple-pane windows; 4. Airtight construction (~0.1 CFM50/ft2 enclosure area); 5. Solar water heating systems with tankless, gas, auxiliary heaters; 6. PV systems (2.8 or 3.4kWSTC); 7. 2-4 bedrooms, 1,100-1,700 ft2. The design heating loads in the homes were so small that each home is heated with a single, sealed-combustion, natural gas room heater. The cost savings from the simple HVAC systems made possible the tremendous investments in the homes' envelopes. The Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) monitored temperatures and comfort in several homes during the winter of 2009-2010. In the Spring of 2011, CARB obtained utility bill information from 13 occupied homes. Because of efficient lights, appliances, and conscientious home occupants, the energy generated by the solar electric systems exceeded the electric energy used in most homes. Most homes, in fact, had a net credit from the electric utility over the course of a year. On the natural gas side, total gas costs averaged $377 per year (for heating, water heating, cooking, and clothes drying). Total energy costs were even less - $337 per year, including all utility fees. The highest annual energy bill for any home evaluated was $458; the lowest was $171.

Robb Aldrich, Steven Winter Associates

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Net metering has become a widespread policy in the U.S. for supporting distributed photovoltaics (PV) adoption. Though specific design details vary, net metering allows customers with PV to reduce their electric bills by offsetting their consumption with PV generation, independent of the timing of the generation relative to consumption - in effect, compensating the PV generation at retail electricity rates (Rose et al. 2009). While net metering has played an important role in jump-starting the residential PV market in the U.S., challenges to net metering policies have emerged in a number of states and contexts, and alternative compensation methods are under consideration. Moreover, one inherent feature of net metering is that the value of the utility bill savings it provides to customers with PV depends heavily on the structure of the underlying retail electricity rate, as well as on the characteristics of the customer and PV system. Consequently, the value of net metering - and the impact of moving to alternative compensation mechanisms - can vary substantially from one customer to the next. For these reasons, it is important for policymakers and others that seek to support the development of distributed PV to understand both how the bill savings varies under net metering, and how the bill savings under net metering compares to other possible compensation mechanisms. To advance this understanding, we analyze the bill savings from PV for residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and Southern California Edison (SCE). The analysis is based on hourly load data from a sample of 215 residential customers located in the service territories of the two utilities, matched with simulated hourly PV production for the same time period based on data from the nearest of 73 weather stations in the state.

Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

258

Ligand-gated Diffusion Across the Bacterial Outer Membrane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ligand-gated channels, in which a substrate transport pathway is formed as a result of the binding of a small-molecule chemical messenger, constitute a diverse class of membrane proteins with important functions in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Despite their widespread nature, no ligand-gated channels have yet been found within the outer membrane (OM) of Gram-negative bacteria. Here we show, using in vivo transport assays, intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence and X-ray crystallography, that high-affinity (submicromolar) substrate binding to the OM long-chain fatty acid transporter FadL from Escherichia coli causes conformational changes in the N terminus that open up a channel for substrate diffusion. The OM long-chain fatty acid transporter FadL from E. coli is a unique paradigm for OM diffusion-driven transport, in which ligand gating within a {beta}-barrel membrane protein is a prerequisite for channel formation.

B Lepore; M Indic; H Pham; E Hearn; D Patel; B van den Berg

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

259

Sensory gating in intracranial recordings — The role of phase locking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For patients with schizophrenia, a deficient gating (or filtering) of sensory input has been described. One major approach to study this sensory gating is to measure event-related potentials (ERPs) in response to paired clicks. In these experiments, sensory gating is quantified as amplitude reduction of the ERP components P50 and N100 from the 1st to the 2nd stimulus. In ERP studies brain electrical signals are averaged over single trials. Alterations in phase locking might be one factor contributing to the observed deficits in sensory gating, but findings have been inconclusive as yet. In particular, the contribution of different frequency bands to the deficit required further investigation. We studied N100 gating by intracranial recordings in a sample of epilepsy patients and subdivided the group into good and poor gators of the intracranial ERP component N100. Data were evaluated by frequency specific wavelet-based phase and power analyses. Poor N100 gators had an increased phase locking in the frequency range from 6.0–15.1 Hz after the 2nd stimulus, as compared to good gators. Other group differences were apparent already before the 2nd stimulus. Poor gators had less phase locked beta band activity (20.2–30.0 Hz) than good gators 200–315 ms after the onset of the 1st stimulus. Within the group of poor gators, lower values of phase locking in this frequency range were also associated with lower gating ratios. The reduced beta band response in response to the 1st stimulus may reflect poorer memory encoding of the 1st stimulus in poor gators. This in turn might lead to increased demands to process the 2nd stimulus.

Timm Rosburg; Peter Trautner; Jürgen Fell; Karen Anne Moxon; Christian E. Elger; Nash N. Boutros

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Home Performance with ENERGY STAR: Utility Bill Analysis on Homes Participating in Austin Energy's Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Home Performance with ENERGY STAR (HPwES) is a jointly managed program of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This program focuses on improving energy efficiency in existing homes via a whole-house approach to assessing and improving a home's energy performance, and helping to protect the environment. As a local sponsor for HPwES, Austin Energy's HPwES program offers a complete home energy assessment and a list of recommendations for efficiency improvements, along with cost estimates. The owner can choose to implement only one or the complete set of energy conservation measures. Austin Energy facilitates the process by providing economic incentives to the homeowner through its HPwES Loan program and its HPwES Rebate program. In 2005, the total number of participants in both programs was approximately 1,400. Both programs are only available for improvements made by a participating HPwES contractor. The individual household billing data - encompassing more than 7,000 households - provided by Austin Energy provides a rich data set to estimate the impacts of its HPwES program. The length of the billing histories is sufficient to develop PRISM-type models of electricity use based on several years of monthly bills before and after the installation of the conservation measures. Individual household savings were estimated from a restricted version of a PRISM-type regression model where the reference temperature to define cooling (or heating degree days) was estimated along with other parameters. Because the statistical quality of the regression models varies across individual households, three separate samples were used to measure the aggregate results. The samples were distinguished on the basis of the statistical significance of the estimated (normalized) cooling consumption. A normalized measure of cooling consumption was based on average temperatures observed over the most recent nine-year period ending in 2006. This study provided a statistically rigorous approach to incorporating the variability of expected savings across the households in the sample together with the uncertainty inherent in the regression models used to estimate those savings. While the impact of the regression errors was found to be relatively small in these particular samples, this approach may be useful in future studies using individual household billing data. The median percentage savings for the largest sample of 6,000 households in the analysis was 32%, while the mean savings was 28%. Because the number of households in the sample is very large, the standard error associated with the mean percentage savings are very small, less than 1%. A conservative statement of the average savings is that is falls in the range of 25% to 30% with a high level of certainty. This preliminary analysis provides robust estimates of average program savings, but offers no insight into how savings may vary by type of conservation measure or whether savings vary by the amount of cooling electricity used prior to undertaking the measure. Follow-up researchers may want to analyze the impacts of specific ECMs. Households that use electricity for heating might also be separately analyzed. In potential future work several methodological improvements could also be explored. As mentioned in Section 2, there was no formal attempt to clean the data set of outliers and other abnormal patterns of billing data prior to the statistical analysis. The restriction of a constant reference temperature might also be relaxed. This approach may provide evidence as to whether any 'take-back' efforts are present, whereby thermostat settings are lowered during the summer months after the measures are undertaken (reflected in lower reference temperatures in the post-ECM period). A more extended analysis may also justify the investment in and use of the PRISM software package, which may provide more diagnostic measures with respect to the reference temperature. PRISM also appears to contain some built-in capability to detect outliers and other an

Belzer, D.; Mosey, G.; Dagher, L.; Plympton, P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

On the Role of Hadamard Gates in Quantum Circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a reduced quantum circuit computation paradigm in which the only allowable gates either permute the computational basis states or else apply a "global Hadamard operation", i.e. apply a Hadamard operation to every qubit simultaneously. In this model, we discuss complexity bounds (lower-bounding the number of global Hadamard operations) for common quantum algorithms : we illustrate upper bounds for Shor's Algorithm, and prove lower bounds for Grover's Algorithm. We also use our formalism to display a gate that is neither quantum-universal nor classically simulable, on the assumption that Integer Factoring is not in BPP.

Dan Shepherd

2005-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

262

Zirconium-doped tantalum oxide high-k gate dielectric films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

layer formation and properties were studied with or without an inserted thin tantalum nitride (TaNx) layer. The gate electrode material influence on the dielectric properties was also investigated. Four types of gate materials, i.e., aluminum (Al...

Tewg, Jun-Yen

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

263

Realizing Three-Qubit Quantum-Gate Operation in a Cavity-QED System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three-qubit quantum phase-gate and C2-NOT gate realization in a cavity-QED system is proposed where highly detuned field modes interact with a four-level system in an...

Joshi, Amitabh; Xiao, Min

264

Deep gates of a new design for closure of diversion tunnels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1. The discussed gate has a number of merits: the absence of deformation of the stream (except for deformation w...

P. R. Khlopenkov

1968-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Power and thermal effects of SRAM vs. Latch-Mux design styles and clock gating choices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper studies the impact on energy efficiency and thermal behavior of design style and clock-gating style in queue and array structures. These structures are major sources of power dissipation, and both design styles and various clock gating schemes ... Keywords: architecture, clock gating, power, temperature

Yingmin Li; Mark Hempstead; Patrick Mauro; David Brooks; Zhigang Hu; Kevin Skadron

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Geometric phase gate on an optical transition for ion trap quantum computation C. F. Roos,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geometric phase gate on an optical transition for ion trap quantum computation K. Kim,1 C. F. Roos We propose a geometric phase gate of two ion qubits that are encoded in two levels linked by an optical dipole-forbidden transition. Compared to hyperfine geometric phase gates mediated by electric

Blatt, Rainer

267

Steric Gate Variants of UmuC Confer UV Hypersensitivity on Escherichia coli  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...on survival. FIG. 1. The steric gate residue of UmuC is predicted to approach...blue), and residues F10 and steric gate Y11 (red). The backbone of UmuC is shown...Homo sapiens. FIG. 2. The steric gate Y11 and F10 variants in UmuC cause...

Brenna W. Shurtleff; Jaylene N. Ollivierre; Mohammad Tehrani; Graham C. Walker; Penny J. Beuning

2009-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

268

Simple Template-Based Method to Produce Bradbury-Nielsen Gates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARTICLES Simple Template-Based Method to Produce Bradbury-Nielsen Gates Oh Kyu Yoon, Ignacio A University, Stanford, California, USA A Bradbury-Nielsen gate (BNG) consists of two interleaved as a Bradbury-Nielsen gate (BNG), which consists of two interleaved and electrically isolated sets of wires

Zare, Richard N.

269

Nanometer scale linewidth control during etching of polysilicon gates in high-density plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We address some of the plasma issues encountered for ultimate silicon gate patterning that should be fixed in order to establish the long term viability of plasma processes in integrated circuits manufacturing. For sub-100-nm gate dimensions, one of ... Keywords: CMOS scaling, critical dimension control, gate patterning, plasma etching

O. Joubert; E. Pargon; J. Foucher; X. Detter; G. Cunge; L. Vallier

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Engineering Light-Gated Ion Channels Matthew R. Banghart, Matthew Volgraf, and Dirk Trauner*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering Light-Gated Ion Channels Matthew R. Banghart, Matthew Volgraf, and Dirk Trauner covers the molecular principles that guide the engineering of light-gated ion channels for applicationsVised Manuscript ReceiVed NoVember 6, 2006 ABSTRACT: Ion channels are gated by a variety of stimuli, including

Trauner, Dirk

271

Case Studies on Clock Gating and Local Routign for VLSI Clock Mesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This thesis deals with the introduction of 'reconfigurability' by using control structures like transmission gates between sub-clock meshes, thus enabling clock gating in clock mesh. By using the optimum value of size for PMOS and NMOS of transmission gate...

Ramakrishnan, Sundararajan

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

272

Life cycle inventory for palm based plywood: A gate-to-gate case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The oil palm industry heavily relies on the world market. It is essential to ensure that the oil palm industry is ready to meet the demands and expectation of these overseas customers on the environmental performance of the oil palm industry. Malaysia produces 13.9 million tons of oil palm biomass including oil palm trunk (OPT) frond and empty fruits bunches (EFB) annually. OPT felled in some oil palm plantations during replanting is transported to various industries and one such industry is the plywood factories. In order to gauge the environmental performance of the use of OPT as plywood a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) study was conducted for palm based plywood. LCA is an important tool to assess the environmental performance of a product or process. Life cycle inventory (LCI) is the heart of a LCA study. This LCI study has a gate-to-gate system boundary and the functional unit is 1 m3 palm plywood produced and covers three types of plywood; Moisture Resistance Plywood (MR) Weather Boiling Proof Plywood Grade 1 (WBP Grade 1) at Factory D and Weather Boiling Proof Plywood Grade 2 (WBP Grade 2) at Factory E. Both factories use two different types of drying processes; conventional drying at Factory D and kiln drying at Factory E. This inventory data was collected from two factories (D and E) representing 40% of Malaysia palm plywood industry. The inputs are mainly the raw materials which are the oil palm trunks and tropical wood veneers and the energy from diesel and electricity from grid which is mainly used for the drying process. The other inputs include water urea formaldehyde phenol formaldehyde flour and melamine powder. The outputs are the biomass waste which consists of oil palm trunk off-cut and emission from boiler. Generally all types of plywood production use almost same materials and processing methods in different quantities. Due to the different process efficiency Factory D uses less input of raw materials and energy compared to Factory E.

Shamim Ahmad; Ismail Sahid; Vijaya Subramaniam; Halimah Muhamad; Anis Mokhtar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

TECH FORUM: [VERIFIED RTL TO GATES] Efficient RC power grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TECH FORUM: [VERIFIED RTL TO GATES] Efficient RC power grid verification using node elimination proposes a novel approach to systematically reduce the power grid and accurately compute an upper bound on the voltage drops at power grid nodes that are retained. Furthermore, acriterion for the safety of nodes

Najm, Farid N.

274

Compressed sensing quantum process tomography for superconducting quantum gates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply the method of compressed sensing (CS) quantum process tomography (QPT) to characterize quantum gates based on superconducting Xmon and phase qubits. Using experimental data for a two-qubit controlled-Z gate, we obtain an estimate for the process matrix $\\chi$ with reasonably high fidelity compared to full QPT, but using a significantly reduced set of initial states and measurement configurations. We show that the CS method still works when the amount of used data is so small that the standard QPT would have an underdetermined system of equations. We also apply the CS method to the analysis of the three-qubit Toffoli gate with numerically added noise, and similarly show that the method works well for a substantially reduced set of data. For the CS calculations we use two different bases in which the process matrix $\\chi$ is approximately sparse, and show that the resulting estimates of the process matrices match each ther with reasonably high fidelity. For both two-qubit and three-qubit gates, we characterize the quantum process by not only its process matrix and fidelity, but also by the corresponding standard deviation, defined via variation of the state fidelity for different initial states.

Andrey V. Rodionov; Andrzej Veitia; R. Barends; J. Kelly; Daniel Sank; J. Wenner; John M. Martinis; Robert L. Kosut; Alexander N. Korotkov

2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

275

Quantification of Priority-OR gates in temporal fault trees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fault Tree Analysis has been used in reliability engineering for many decades and has seen various modifications to enable it to analyse fault trees with dynamic and temporal gates so it can incorporate sequential failure in its analysis. Pandora is ... Keywords: Markov chains, Monte Carlo, Pandora, dynamic fault trees, fault trees, safety

Ernest Edifor; Martin Walker; Neil Gordon

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Quantum phase gate for optical qubits with cavity quantum optomechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that a cavity optomechanical system formed by a mechanical resonator simultaneously coupled to two modes of an optical cavity can be used for the implementation of quantum phase gate between optical qubits associated with the two intracavity modes. The scheme is realizable for sufficiently strong single-photon optomechanical coupling in the resolved sideband regime, and is robust against cavity losses.

Muhammad Asjad; Paolo Tombesi; David Vitali

2015-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

277

Design, Simulation and Modeling of Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The market for Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT) is growing and there is a need for techniques to improve the design, modeling and simulation of IGBT. In this thesis, we first developed a new method to optimize the layout and dimensions...

Gupta, Kaustubh

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

278

Advanced Gate Drive for the SNS High Voltage Converter Modulator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is developing a next generation H-bridge switch plate [1], a critical component of the SNS High Voltage Converter Modulator [2]. As part of that effort, a new IGBT gate driver has been developed. The drivers are an integral part of the switch plate, which are essential to ensuring fault-tolerant, high-performance operation of the modulator. The redesigned driver improves upon the existing gate drive in several ways. The new gate driver has improved fault detection and suppression capabilities; suppression of shoot-through and over-voltage conditions, monitoring of dI/dt and Vce(sat) for fast over-current detection and suppression, and redundant power isolation are some of the added features. In addition, triggering insertion delay is reduced by a factor of four compared to the existing driver. This paper details the design and performance of the new IGBT gate driver. A simplified schematic and description of the construction are included. The operation of the fast over-current detection circuits, active IGBT over-voltage protection circuit, shoot-through prevention circuitry, and control power isolation breakdown detection circuit are discussed.

Nguyen, M.N.; Burkhart, C.; Kemp, M.A.; /SLAC; Anderson, D.E.; /Oak Ridge

2009-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

279

Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTERS Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating I. J. SOLA the signature of a single return of the electron wavepacket over a large range of energies. This temporally (low energy) and cut-off (high energy) harmonics, specific focusing conditions ensure that only

Loss, Daniel

280

Optical gating of perylene bisimide fluorescence using dithienylcyclopentene photochromic switches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The emission of millions of fluorescence photons from a chromophore is controlled by the absorption of a few tens of photons in a photochromic molecule. The parameters that determine the efficiency of this process are investigated, providing insights for the development of an all-optical gate.

Pärs, Martti; Köhler, Jürgen, E-mail: juergen.koehler@uni-bayreuth.de [Experimental Physics IV, University of Bayreuth, 95440 Bayreuth (Germany)] [Experimental Physics IV, University of Bayreuth, 95440 Bayreuth (Germany); Gräf, Katja; Bauer, Peter; Thelakkat, Mukundan [Applied Functional Polymers, University of Bayreuth, 95440 Bayreuth (Germany)] [Applied Functional Polymers, University of Bayreuth, 95440 Bayreuth (Germany)

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Anti-coherence based molecular electronics: XOR-gate response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anti-coherence based molecular electronics: XOR-gate response Roi Baera,*, Daniel Neuhauserb 90095-1569, USA Received 18 August 2001 Abstract We point out and simulate the possible utility of anti-coherence phase condition on the loop structure, the transfer would be anti- coherent. By applying one or two

Baer, Roi

282

Fabrication of gated nano electron source for vacuum nanoelectronics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Many kinds of attractive new applications, such as image sensors, stationary X-ray sources, and the column-less SEM, are investigated as post field emission displays that use a gated nano electron source. The fabrication of the gated nano electron source is overviewed from the conventional method to the latest one, especially in regarding to the gate formation process. Multi-stacked gate electrode formation using an etch-back method was developed recently, which is a very attractive method for generating a focused electron beam. The traditional Spindt-type emitter fabrication method is also being improved to the one that is easier and applicable to large area substrates. Using a double-layered photoresist as a lift-off layer and using HiPIMS sputtering instead of an e-beam evaporator was proposed. Thin film-type FEA fabrication is also improved to make vertically standing thin film by ion irradiation, which is applicable for making an emitter array on a large sized substrate.

Masayoshi Nagao; Tomoya Yoshida

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

The homeownership gap : how the post-world War II GI bill shaped modern day homeownership patterns for black and white Americans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, commonly known as the GI Bill, was a transformative piece of legislation signed by President Roosevelt intended to help WWII Veterans transition successfully from soldier to citizen. ...

McKenna, Cyd

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors and Walk-in Coolers and Freezers to Save on Energy Bills and Reduce Carbon Pollution  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

These standards combined will help reduce harmful carbon pollution by up to 158 million metric tons – equivalent to the annual electricity use of more than 21 million homes – and save businesses $26 billion on utility bills through 2030.

285

Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Report for the TERP Advisory Board Meeting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report outlines the Energy Systems Laboratory's responsibilities in Senate Bill 5, accomplishments to date, recommendations to the TERP Advisory Group, and problems encountered to date and what is needed to fulfill the Laboratory...

Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Annual Report to the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is the first annual report by the Energy Systems Laboratory, which covers the Laboratory's efforts to support Senate Bill 5. In this report the accomplishments and progress to date are presented, along with recommendations, issues encountered...

Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Examination of the benefits of the reduced planting alternatives of the 1985 farm bill for crop producers in the Blacklands land resource area of Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXAMINATION OF THE BENEFITS OF THE REDUCED PLANTING ALTERNATIVES OF THE 1985 FARM BILL FOR CROP PRODUCERS IN THE BLACKLANDS LAND RESOURCE AREA OF TEXAS A Thesis by TROY MEAL THOMPSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies Texas Atk.... Padber (Head of Departm t) December 1989 kB STRICT Examination of the Benefits of the Reduced Planting Alternatives of the 1985 Farm Bill for Crop Producers in the Blackiands Land Resource Area of Texas. (December 1989) Troy Neal Thompson, B. S...

Thompson, Troy Neal

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Structural impacts of the 1985 farm bill on typical farms in the Texas Southern High Plains and delta region of Mississippi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STRUCTURAL IMPACTS OF THK 1985 FARM BILL ON TYPICAL FARMS IN THK TEXAS SOUTHERN HIGH PLAINS AND DELTA REGION OF MISSISSIPPI A Thesis by CHARLES FREDERICK MILLER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1988 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics STRUCTURAL IMPACTS OF THE 1985 FARM BILL ON TYPICAL FARMS IN THE TEXAS SOUTHERN HIGH PLAINS AND DELTA REGION OF MISSISSIPPI A Thesis by CHARLES FREDERICK...

Miller, Charles Frederick

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

289

Development of a Method Using BIM Technology to Determine the Utility Bill and Total Cost of Ownership of a Single-family Home  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Note: Numbers generated from Autodesk Green Building Studio & Google Mortgage Calculator Source: Created in Microsoft Excel 22 In the first method I was able to successfully establish the utility bill and the total cost of ownership.... Note: Numbers generated from Autodesk Green Building Studio & Google Mortgage Calculator Source: Created in Microsoft Excel 22 In the first method I was able to successfully establish the utility bill and the total cost of ownership...

McGarity, Ashley

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

290

Electron-beam patterning of polymer electrolyte films to make multiple nanoscale gates for nanowire transistors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report an electron-beam based method for the nanoscale patterning of the poly(ethylene oxide)/LiClO$_{4}$ polymer electrolyte. We use the patterned polymer electrolyte as a high capacitance gate dielectric in single nanowire transistors and obtain subthreshold swings comparable to conventional metal/oxide wrap-gated nanowire transistors. Patterning eliminates gate/contact overlap which reduces parasitic effects and enables multiple, independently controllable gates. The method's simplicity broadens the scope for using polymer electrolyte gating in studies of nanowires and other nanoscale devices.

D. J. Carrad; A. M. Burke; R. W. Lyttleton; H. J. Joyce; H. H. Tan; C. Jagadish; K. Storm; H. Linke; L. Samuelson; A. P. Micolich

2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

291

Encapsulated gate-all-around InAs nanowire field-effect transistors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the fabrication of lateral gate-all-around InAs nanowire field-effect transistors whose gate overlaps the source and drain electrodes and thus fully encapsulates the nanowire channel. They feature large drive current and transconductance that surpass those of conventional non-gate-overlap devices. The improved device characteristics can be attributed to the elimination of access resistance associated with ungated segments between the gate and source/drain electrodes. Our data also reveal a correlation between the normalized transconductance and the threshold voltage, which points to a beneficial effect of our wet-etching procedure performed prior to the atomic-layer-deposition of the gate dielectric.

Sasaki, Satoshi, E-mail: sasaki.s@lab.ntt.co.jp; Tateno, Kouta; Zhang, Guoqiang; Suominen, Henri; Harada, Yuichi; Saito, Shiro; Fujiwara, Akira; Sogawa, Tetsuomi; Muraki, Koji [NTT Basic Research Laboratories, NTT Corporation, Atsugi, Kanagawa 243-0198 (Japan)] [NTT Basic Research Laboratories, NTT Corporation, Atsugi, Kanagawa 243-0198 (Japan)

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

292

Presented at the 2003 USSD Annual Lecture, Charleston, South Carolina. April 2003. SPILLWAY GATE RELIABILITY IN THE CONTEXT OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and operations are listed and illustrated through their application to the Thames Flood Barrier gates

Bowles, David S.

293

South Gate, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gate, California: Energy Resources Gate, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.954737°, -118.2120161° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.954737,"lon":-118.2120161,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

294

Ocean Gate, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gate, New Jersey: Energy Resources Gate, New Jersey: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.926785°, -74.1337496° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.926785,"lon":-74.1337496,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

295

Synthesis of Reversible Functions Beyond Gate Count and Quantum Cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many synthesis approaches for reversible and quantum logic have been proposed so far. However, most of them generate circuits with respect to simple metrics, i.e. gate count or quantum cost. On the other hand, to physically realize reversible and quantum hardware, additional constraints exist. In this paper, we describe cost metrics beyond gate count and quantum cost that should be considered while synthesizing reversible and quantum logic for the respective target technologies. We show that the evaluation of a synthesis approach may differ if additional costs are applied. In addition, a new cost metric, namely Nearest Neighbor Cost (NNC) which is imposed by realistic physical quantum architectures, is considered in detail. We discuss how existing synthesis flows can be extended to generate optimal circuits with respect to NNC while still keeping the quantum cost small.

Robert Wille; Mehdi Saeedi; Rolf Drechsler

2010-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

296

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print The oxide gate layer is critical to every transistor, and present-day layer thicknesses are in the 10-20 Å range (1-2 nm). However, little information exists on the oxidation process at this thickness. Available results are either for thicker layers grown under high-pressure conditions or for only the first couple of monolayers studied under high-vacuum conditions. Now, for the first time, a group of researchers has obtained real-time oxidation results for this elusive range. Using the ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS) endstation at ALS Beamline 9.3.2, they examined oxidation of Si(100) at pressures up to 1 torr and temperatures up to 450 ºC. The Si 2p chemical shifts allowed determination of oxide thickness as a function of time with a precision of 1-2 Å. The initial oxidation rate was very high (up to ~234 Å/h). Then, after an initial oxide thickness of 6-22 Å was formed, the rate decreased markedly (~1.5-4.0Å/h). Neither rate regime can be explained by the standard Deal-Grove (D-G) model for Si oxidation. These results are a significant step toward developing a better understanding of this critical thickness regime.

297

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print The oxide gate layer is critical to every transistor, and present-day layer thicknesses are in the 10-20 Å range (1-2 nm). However, little information exists on the oxidation process at this thickness. Available results are either for thicker layers grown under high-pressure conditions or for only the first couple of monolayers studied under high-vacuum conditions. Now, for the first time, a group of researchers has obtained real-time oxidation results for this elusive range. Using the ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS) endstation at ALS Beamline 9.3.2, they examined oxidation of Si(100) at pressures up to 1 torr and temperatures up to 450 ºC. The Si 2p chemical shifts allowed determination of oxide thickness as a function of time with a precision of 1-2 Å. The initial oxidation rate was very high (up to ~234 Å/h). Then, after an initial oxide thickness of 6-22 Å was formed, the rate decreased markedly (~1.5-4.0Å/h). Neither rate regime can be explained by the standard Deal-Grove (D-G) model for Si oxidation. These results are a significant step toward developing a better understanding of this critical thickness regime.

298

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print The oxide gate layer is critical to every transistor, and present-day layer thicknesses are in the 10-20 Å range (1-2 nm). However, little information exists on the oxidation process at this thickness. Available results are either for thicker layers grown under high-pressure conditions or for only the first couple of monolayers studied under high-vacuum conditions. Now, for the first time, a group of researchers has obtained real-time oxidation results for this elusive range. Using the ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS) endstation at ALS Beamline 9.3.2, they examined oxidation of Si(100) at pressures up to 1 torr and temperatures up to 450 ºC. The Si 2p chemical shifts allowed determination of oxide thickness as a function of time with a precision of 1-2 Å. The initial oxidation rate was very high (up to ~234 Å/h). Then, after an initial oxide thickness of 6-22 Å was formed, the rate decreased markedly (~1.5-4.0Å/h). Neither rate regime can be explained by the standard Deal-Grove (D-G) model for Si oxidation. These results are a significant step toward developing a better understanding of this critical thickness regime.

299

2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit Keynote Presentation (Bill Clinton, 42nd President of the United States)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit was held in Washington D.C. in February, 2012. The event brought together key players from across the energy ecosystem - researchers, entrepreneurs, investors, corporate executives, and government officials - to share ideas for developing and deploying the next generation of energy technologies. Former President Bill Clinton, the 42nd President of the United States, gave the final keynote address of the 2012 Summit on February 29. He addressed the importance of government investment in research that will help move the world toward a cleaner and more secure energy future.

Clinton, William J. (Bill) (42nd President of the United States)

2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

300

Use of a hard mask for formation of gate and dielectric via nanofilament field emission devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for fabricating a nanofilament field emission device in which a via in a dielectric layer is self-aligned to gate metal via structure located on top of the dielectric layer. By the use of a hard mask layer located on top of the gate metal layer, inert to the etch chemistry for the gate metal layer, and in which a via is formed by the pattern from etched nuclear tracks in a trackable material, a via is formed by the hard mask will eliminate any erosion of the gate metal layer during the dielectric via etch. Also, the hard mask layer will protect the gate metal layer while the gate structure is etched back from the edge of the dielectric via, if such is desired. This method provides more tolerance for the electroplating of a nanofilament in the dielectric via and sharpening of the nanofilament.

Morse, Jeffrey D. (Martinez, CA); Contolini, Robert J. (Lake Oswego, OR)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Simple trapped-ion architecture for high-fidelity Toffoli gates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss a simple architecture for a quantum toffoli gate implemented using three trapped ions. The gate, which, in principle, can be implemented with a single laser-induced operation, is effective under rather general conditions and is strikingly robust (within any experimentally realistic range of values) against dephasing, heating, and random fluctuations of the Hamiltonian parameters. We provide a full characterization of the unitary and noise-affected gate using three-qubit quantum process tomography.

Borrelli, Massimo [CM-DTC, SUPA, EPS/School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom); Mazzola, Laura [Turku Centre for Quantum Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, FI-20014 Turun yliopisto (Finland); School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen's University, BT7 1NN Belfast (United Kingdom); Paternostro, Mauro [School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen's University, BT7 1NN Belfast (United Kingdom); Maniscalco, Sabrina [CM-DTC, SUPA, EPS/School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom); Turku Centre for Quantum Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, FI-20014 Turun yliopisto (Finland)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

302

Geometric phase gate on an optical transition for ion trap quantum computation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a geometric phase gate of two ion qubits that are encoded in two levels linked by an optical dipole-forbidden transition. Compared to hyperfine geometric phase gates mediated by electric dipole transitions, the gate has many interesting properties, such as very low spontaneous emission rates, applicability to magnetic field insensitive states, and use of a co-propagating laser beam geometry. We estimate that current technology allows for infidelities of around 10?4.

K. Kim; C. F. Roos; L. Aolita; H. Häffner; V. Nebendahl; R. Blatt

2008-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

303

Geometric phase gate on an optical transition for ion trap quantum computation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a geometric phase gate of two ion qubits that are encoded in two levels linked by an optical dipole-forbidden transition. Compared to hyperfine geometric phase gates mediated by electric dipole transitions, the gate has many interesting properties, such as very low spontaneous emission rates, applicability to magnetic field insensitive states, and use of a co-propagating laser beam geometry. We estimate that current technology allows for infidelities of around 10$^{-4}$.

K. Kim; C. F. Roos; L. Aolita; H. Haeffner; V. Nebendahl; R. Blatt

2007-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

304

Increase of the reliability and cost effectiveness of the Leningrad flood control gates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of a detailed analysis of competing designs of rolling gates and floating radial gates for the Leningrad flood control system and describes from a hydraulic engineering standpoint those aspects of the gate designs which led to the conclusion that they did not have sufficient reliability for the loads encountered under flood conditions. Specific design revisions which take into account not only the flood loads but also the navigation and dock parts of the structures were investigated and recommended.

Khlopenkov, P.R.

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Micromachined Bradbury-Nielsen Gates Ignacio A. Zuleta, Griffin K. Barbula, Matthew D. Robbins, Oh Kyu Yoon, and Richard N. Zare*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Micromachined Bradbury-Nielsen Gates Ignacio A. Zuleta, Griffin K. Barbula, Matthew D. Robbins, Oh 94305-5080 Bradbury-Nielsen gates (BNGs) are a standard way for gating or steering beams of charged for axial gating of an ion beam is referred to as a Bradbury-Nielsen gate (BNG).6 Depending on the kinetic

Zare, Richard N.

306

Reversible Switching of an Optical Gate Using Phase-Change Material and Si Waveguide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Optical gate switch that uses Ge2Sb2Te5phase-change material was fabricated and the reversible switching has been...

Ikuma, Yuichiro; Shoji, Yuya; Kuwahara, Masashi; Wang, Xiaomin; Kintaka, Kenji; Kawashima, Hitoshi; Tanaka, Daiki; Tsuda, Hiroyuki

307

Development of a time-gated system for Raman spectroscopy of biological samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A time gating system has been constructed that is capable of recording high quality Raman spectra of highly fluorescing biological samples while operating below the photodamage...

Knorr, Florian; Smith, Zachary J; Wachsmann-Hogiu, Sebastian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Locally observable conditions for the successful implementation of entangling multi-qubit quantum gates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The information obtained from the operation of a quantum gate on only two complementary sets of input states is sufficient to estimate the quantum process fidelity of the gate. In the case of entangling gates, these conditions can be used to predict the multi qubit entanglement capability from the fidelities of two non-entangling local operations. It is then possible to predict highly non-classical features of the gate such as violations of local realism from the fidelities of two completely classical input-output relations, without generating any actual entanglement.

Holger F. Hofmann; Ryo Okamoto; Shigeki Takeuchi

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Synthesis of Reversible Functions Using Various Gate Libraries and Design Specifications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This dissertation is devoted to efficient automated logic synthesis of reversible circuits using various gate types and initial specifications. These Reversible circuits are of… (more)

Alhagi, Nouraddin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Coherence-Controlled Holographic Microscopy for Coherence-Gated Quantitative Phase Imaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show that the use of incoherent illumination in coherence-controlled holographic microscopy (CCHM) enables coherence-gated quantitative phase imaging of objects through turbid...

Slaby, Tomas; Kolman, Pavel; Dostal, Zbynek; Antos, Martin; Lostak, Martin; Krizova, Aneta; Collakova, Jana; Kollarova, Vera; Slaba, Michala; Vesely, Pavel; Chmelik, Radim

311

Rapid optimization of working parameters of microwave-driven multilevel qubits for minimal gate leakage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.0134 is the interaction between the qubits, .0020 .0136 M=L is the coupling constant, and x i , x ei , and h.0133x i .0134 (i .0136 1 and 2) are the canonical coordinate, normal- ized external flux, and Hamiltonian of the ith single qubit. Note... for the gate at the point B. The quality of a gate can be described by gate fidelity F .0017 Trace.0137.0026 P .0026 I .0138, where .0026 P and.0026 I are the physical and ideal density matrices after gate operation and the overline denotes averaging over all...

Zhou, Zhongyuan; Han, Siyuan; Chu, Shih-I

2005-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

312

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects voltage-gated calcium Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

modulate neuronal voltage-gated calcium cur- rents, we performed a whole-cell patch... that hippocampal neurons in an astrocyte-enriched environment show augmentation of...

313

Use of high-level design information for enabling automation of fine-grained power gating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Leakage power reduction through power gating requires considerable design and verification effort. Conventionally, extensive analysis is required for dividing a heterogeneous design into power domains and generating control ...

Agarwal, Abhinav

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

SiC Power MOSFET with Improved Gate Dielectric  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this STTR program, Structured Materials Industries (SMI), and Cornell University are developing novel gate oxide technology, as a critical enabler for silicon carbide (SiC) devices. SiC is a wide bandgap semiconductor material, with many unique properties. SiC devices are ideally suited for high-power, highvoltage, high-frequency, high-temperature and radiation resistant applications. The DOE has expressed interest in developing SiC devices for use in extreme environments, in high energy physics applications and in power generation. The development of transistors based on the Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor (MOSFET) structure will be critical to these applications.

Sbrockey, Nick M; Tompa, Gary S; Spencer, Michael G; Chandrashekhar, Chandra MVS

2010-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

315

Alternative Gate Dielectrics on Semiconductors for MOSFET Device Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated the synthesis and properties of deposited oxides on Si and Ge for use as alternative gate dielectrics in MOSFET applications. The capacitance and leakage current behavior of polycrystalline Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} films synthesized by pulsed-laser deposition is reported. In addition, we also discuss the growth of epitaxial oxide structures. In particular, we have investigated the use of silicide termination for oxide growth on (001) Si using laser-molecular beam epitaxy. In addition, we discuss a novel approach involving the use of hydrogen to eliminate native oxide during initial dielectric oxide nucleation on (001) Ge.

Norton, D.P.; Budai, J.D.; Chisholm, M.F.; Pennycook, S.J.; McKee, R.; Walker, F.; Lee, Y.; Park, C.

1999-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

316

Three-qubit phase gate based on cavity quantum electrodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- mentation, such as linear ion traps #4;1#5;, liquid-state nuclear magnetic resonance #1;NMR#2; #4;2#5;, and cavity QED systems #4;3,4#5;. There are three requirements for implementing a quantum computer: Efficient manipulation and read out of an indi.... #4;6#5;, a scheme to implement a two-qubit quantum phase gate and one-qubit unitary operation implementation based on cavity QED was described. They choose the Fock states #6;0#7; and #6;1#7; of a high Q cavity mode as the two logical states of a...

Chang, Jun-Tao; Zubairy, M. Suhail

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Directions to USC, Gate 6 (Parking Structure A) 110 (Harbor Freeway) North  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Vermont Avenue Turn right at 36th Place/Downey Way and enter USC at Gate 6 5 (Golden State/Santa AnaDirections to USC, Gate 6 (Parking Structure A) 110 (Harbor Freeway) North Take the Exposition Boulevard exit Go straight through the 37th Street light. Keep left Go under the freeway bridge and across

Valero-Cuevas, Francisco

318

Electrochemical gating of individual single-wall carbon nanotubes observed by electron transport measurements and resonant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the Fermi energy of a nanotube can be changed, as ions from the solution accu- mulate on the surface gating of nanotubes has been shown previously to effectively shift the Fermi energy of semiconducting with the laser energy, we can observe the Raman spectrum from a single SWNT.7 Electrochemical gating of nanotubes

319

New Silicon Carbide Schottky-gate Bipolar Mode Field Effect Transistor (SiC SBMFET)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Silicon Carbide Schottky-gate Bipolar Mode Field Effect Transistor (SiC SBMFET) without PN. In this paper, we propose a novel Schottky-gate BMFET (SBMFET) using P- type 4H Silicon-Carbide 13,41, a wide, Silicon Carbide, Field effect transistor, Simulation. I. INTRODUCTION TH E BMFET operates in bipolar mode

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

320

Impact of tide gates on the migration of juvenile sea trout, Salmo trutta  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract As part of flood protection and land reclamation schemes, tide gates allow rivers to discharge to sea when open, and prevent salt water intrusion when closed. Their impact on diadromous fish migration between essential spawning and rearing habitats, and the effectiveness of mitigation measures, have received little consideration. The River Meon, UK, discharges to sea through four top-hung counterbalanced tide gates. In March 2012, the gates were replaced with new ones of the same design, but with an orifice installed in two of them partly to improve fish passage. Sixty downstream migrating juvenile sea trout, Salmo trutta, were trapped approximately 4.9 km upstream of the tidal limit and tagged with acoustic transmitters in April 2011 (n = 30) and 2012 (n = 30). Tagged individuals were detected by acoustic receivers placed near the tide gates before (year 1) and after (year 2) orifice installation. Of the fish that approached the tide gates, 95.8% and 100.0% successfully passed in years 1 and 2, respectively. The speed of migration at the gates was slower than for upstream and downstream reaches, and was positively related to percentage of time the gates were open. Presence of the orifices did not influence delay. Overall, top-hung tide gates delayed sea trout migration, potentially increasing the risk of predation and energy expenditure during the vulnerable juvenile life stage.

G.V. Wright; R.M. Wright; P.S. Kemp

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Coherent molecular transistor: Control through variation of the gate wave function  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In quantum interference transistors (QUITs), the current through the device is controlled by variation of the gate component of the wave function that interferes with the wave function component joining the source and the sink. Initially, mesoscopic QUITs have been studied and more recently, QUITs at the molecular scale have been proposed and implemented. Typically, in these devices the gate lead is subjected to externally adjustable physical parameters that permit interference control through modifications of the gate wave function. Here, we present an alternative model of a molecular QUIT in which the gate wave function is directly considered as a variable and the transistor operation is discussed in terms of this variable. This implies that we specify the gate current as well as the phase of the gate wave function component and calculate the resulting current through the source-sink channel. Thus, we extend on prior works that focus on the phase of the gate wave function component as a control parameter while having zero or certain discrete values of the current. We address a large class of systems, including finite graphene flakes, and obtain analytic solutions for how the gate wave function controls the transistor.

Ernzerhof, Matthias, E-mail: Matthias.Ernzerhof@UMontreal.ca [Département de Chimie, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128 Succursale A, Montréal, Quebec H3C 3J7 (Canada)] [Département de Chimie, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128 Succursale A, Montréal, Quebec H3C 3J7 (Canada)

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

322

Ambipolar silicon nanowire FETs with stenciled-deposited metal gate Davide Sacchetto  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ambipolar silicon nanowire FETs with stenciled-deposited metal gate Davide Sacchetto , Veronica Keywords: Schottky barrier Ambipolarity Si nanowire Stencil lithography FET Silicide a b s t r a c t We chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD) of amorphous Si (a-Si) and SiO2 layers as well as metal gate patterning

De Micheli, Giovanni

323

Surface application of molybdenum silicide onto gated poly-Si emitters for enhanced field emission performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the merits of molybdenum Mo silicide formation on gated polycrystalline silicon poly-Si field emitters. Metal, any metal silicide can be adopted without reSurface application of molybdenum silicide onto gated poly-Si emitters for enhanced field emission

Lee, Jong Duk

324

Nanocrystals Embedded Zirconium-doped Hafnium Oxide High-k Gate Dielectric Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nanoparticles. These results can be important to the novel metal gate/high-k/Si MOS structure. The Ru-modified ZrHfO gate dielectric film showed a large breakdown voltage and a long lifetime. The conventional polycrystalline Si (poly-Si) charge trapping layer...

Lin, Chen-Han

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

325

Optimal Control of Airport Operations with Gate Capacity Constraints Harshad Khadilkar and Hamsa Balakrishnan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at Boston's Logan International Airport in the US are used to illustrate the advantages of the proposed for Boston Logan International Airport (BOS) is shown in Fig. 1. Gates at each of the four main terminalsOptimal Control of Airport Operations with Gate Capacity Constraints Harshad Khadilkar and Hamsa

Gummadi, Ramakrishna

326

Gate-modulated thermoelectric conversion in disordered nanowires: I. Low temperature coherent regime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gate-modulated thermoelectric conversion in disordered nanowires: I. Low temperature coherent of a disordered nanowire in the presence of an external gate electrode which can be used for depleting the carrier and Gardner for describing the energy dependence of the localization length around the band edges allowing us

Recanati, Catherine

327

Graphene field-effect transistors based on boron nitride gate dielectrics Inanc Meric1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphene field-effect transistors based on boron nitride gate dielectrics Inanc Meric1 , Cory Dean1, 10027 Tel: (212) 854-2529, Fax: (212) 932-9421, Email: shepard@ee.columbia.edu Abstract Graphene field of graphene, as the gate dielectric. The devices ex- hibit mobility values exceeding 10,000 cm2 /V

Shepard, Kenneth

328

Microfluidic logic gates and timers{ Michael W. Toepke, Vinay V. Abhyankar and David J. Beebe*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microfluidic logic gates and timers{ Michael W. Toepke, Vinay V. Abhyankar and David J. Beebe to create a number of microfluidic analogs to electronic circuit components. Three classes of components are demonstrated: (1) OR/AND, NOR/NAND, and XNOR digital microfluidic logic gates; (2) programmable, autonomous

Beebe, David J.

329

Asynchronous Gate-Diffusion----Input (GDI) Circuits Arkadiy Morgenshtein, Michael Moreinis and Ran Ginosar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Asynchronous Gate-Diffusion----Input (GDI) Circuits Arkadiy Morgenshtein, Michael Moreinis, Israel [ran@ee.technion.ac.il] Abstract: Novel Gate-Diffusion Input (GDI) circuits are applied to asynchronous design. A variety of GDI implementations are compared with typical CMOS asynchronous circuits

Ginosar, Ran

330

Design and characterization of a signal insulation coreless transformer integrated in a CMOS gate driver chip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design and characterization of a signal insulation coreless transformer integrated in a CMOS gate transformer integrated in a CMOS silicon die together with the gate driver and other required functions frequency through the coreless transformer. The chosen design methodology will be explained and experimental

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

331

PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) MedGate Occupational Health  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MedGate Occupational MedGate Occupational Health and Safety Medical System (OHS) (Includes the Drug and Alcohol Testing System (Assistant)) PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) MedGate Occupational Health and Safety Medical System (OHS) (Includes the Drug and Alcohol Testing System (Assistant)) PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) MedGate Occupational Health and Safety Medical System (OHS) (Includes the Drug and Alcohol Testing System (Assistant)) PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) MedGate Occupational Health and Safety Medical System (OHS) (Includes the Drug and Alcohol Testing System (Assistant)) More Documents & Publications PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) Procurement Cycle System (PCS) PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solutions (SRNS) Human Resource Management

332

Optimal control for fast and high-fidelity quantum gates in coupled superconducting flux qubits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply the quantum optimal control theory based on the Krotov method to implement single-qubit $X$ and $Z$ gates and two-qubit CNOT gates for inductively coupled superconducting flux qubits with fixed qubit transition frequencies and fixed off-diagonal qubit-qubit coupling. Our scheme that shares the same advantage of other directly coupling schemes requires no additional coupler subcircuit and control lines. The control lines needed are only for the manipulation of individual qubits (e.g., a time-dependent magnetic flux or field applied on each qubit). The qubits are operated at the optimal coherence points and the gate operation times (single-qubit gates $magnetic-field-induced single-qubit interactions and two-qubit couplings. The effect of leakage to higher energy-level states and the effect of qubit decoherence on the quantum gate operations are also discussed.

Shang-Yu Huang; Hsi-Sheng Goan

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

333

A Methodology to Identify Monthly Energy Use Models from Utility Bill Data for Seasonally Scheduled Buildings: Application to K-12 Schools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of two separate models: a 3-P model for non-summer months, and a mean model for the summer months. (Landman, 1996). This paper proposes an improved methodology for identifying baseline models of energy use from utility billing data for buildings...

Wang, W.; Claridge, D. E.; Reddy, T. A.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Help recognize Bill in his retirement by donating to assist plant pathology graduate students in their pursuit of higher education at CSU.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Help recognize Bill in his retirement by donating to assist plant pathology graduate students to help encourage our graduate students pursuing excellence in research, teaching, and extension degrees and projects that will help them become dynamic and engaged leaders in agriculture for Colorado and the U

335

Examination of geometric and dosimetric accuracies of gated step-and-shoot intensity modulated radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to the complicated technical nature of gated radiation therapy, electronic and mechanical limitations may affect the precision of delivery. The purpose of this study is to investigate the geometric and dosimetric accuracies of gated step-and-shoot intensity modulated radiation treatments (SS-IMRT). Unique segmental MLC plans are designed, which allow quantitative testing of the gating process. Both ungated and gated deliveries are investigated for different dose sizes, dose rates, and gating window times using a commercial treatment system (Varian Trilogy) together with a respiratory gating system [Varian Real-Time Position Management system]. Radiographic film measurements are used to study the geometric accuracy, where it is found that with both ungated and gated SS-IMRT deliveries the MLC leaf divergence away from planned is less than or equal to the MLC specified leaf tolerance value for all leafs (leaf tolerance being settable from 0.5-5 mm). Nevertheless, due to the MLC controller design, failure to define a specific leaf tolerance value suitable to the SS-IMRT plan can lead to undesired geometric effects, such as leaf motion of up to the maximum 5 mm leaf tolerance value occurring after the beam is turned on. In this case, gating may be advantageous over the ungated case, as it allows more time for the MLC to reach the intended leaf configuration. The dosimetric precision of gated SS-IMRT is investigated using ionization chamber methods. Compared with the ungated case, it is found that gating generally leads to increased dosimetric errors due to the interruption of the 'overshoot phenomena.' With gating the average timing deviation for intermediate segments is found to be 27 ms, compared to 18 ms for the ungated case. For a plan delivered at 600 MU/min this would correspond to an average segment dose error of {approx}0.27 MU and {approx}0.18 MU for gated and ungated deliveries, respectively. The maximum dosimetric errors for individual intermediate segments are found to deviate by up to {approx}0.64 MU from their planned value when delivered at 600 MU/min using gating, this compares to only {approx}0.32 MU for the ungated case.

Wiersma, R. D.; Xing, L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305-5847 (United States)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

336

Stripline microchannel plate image intensifier tubes (MCPTS) for nanosecond optical gating applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Shuttering characteristics of low impedance stripline geometry microchannel plate image intensifier tubes (MCPTs) with 50% transmissive nickel undercoated S-20 photocathodes are discussed. Iris-free shutter sequences with 50 to 75 micron resolution at optical gate times of 500ps to 2ns were measured for typical samples from two manufacturers. Shutter sequences clearly showing gate pulse propagation velocities for this MCPT design when externally driven by impedance matched circuitry are contrasted with non-directional sequences obtained from unmatched coupling of the gate pulse. 7 refs., 7 figs.

Yates, G.J.; Jaramillo, S.A.; Zagarino, P.; Thomas, M.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Gates controlled parallel-coupled double quantum dot on both single layer and bilayer graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here we report the fabrication and quantum transport measurements of gates controlled parallel-coupled double quantum dot on both bilayer and single layer graphene. It is shown that the interdot coupling strength of the parallel double dots can be effectively tuned from weak to strong regime by both the in-plane plunger gates and back gate. All the relevant energy scales and parameters of the graphene parallel-coupled double dot can be extracted from the honeycomb charge stability diagrams revealed through the transport measurements.

Lin-Jun Wang; Guo-Ping Guo; Da Wei; Gang Cao; Tao Tu; Ming Xiao; Guang-Can Guo; A. M. Chang

2011-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

338

Integrating respiratory gating into a megavoltage cone-beam CT system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have previously described a low-dose megavoltage cone beam computed tomography (MV CBCT) system capable of producing projection image using one beam pulse. In this study, we report on its integration with respiratory gating for gated radiotherapy. The respiratory gating system tracks a reflective marker on the patient's abdomen midway between the xiphoid and umbilicus, and disables radiation delivery when the marker position is outside predefined thresholds. We investigate two strategies for acquiring gated scans. In the continuous rotation-gated acquisition, the linear accelerator (LINAC) is set to the fixed x-ray mode and the gantry makes a 5 min, 360 deg.continuous rotation, during which the gating system turns the radiation beam on and off, resulting in projection images with an uneven distribution of projection angles (e.g., in 70 arcs each covering 2 deg.). In the gated rotation-continuous acquisition, the LINAC is set to the dynamic arc mode, which suspends the gantry rotation when the gating system inhibits the beam, leading to a slightly longer (6-7 min) scan time, but yielding projection images with more evenly distributed projection angles (e.g., {approx}0.8 deg.between two consecutive projection angles). We have tested both data acquisition schemes on stationary (a contrast detail and a thoracic) phantoms and protocol lung patients. For stationary phantoms, a separate motion phantom not visible in the images is used to trigger the RPM system. Frame rate is adjusted so that approximately 450 images (13 MU) are acquired for each scan and three-dimensional tomographic images reconstructed using a Feldkamp filtered backprojection algorithm. The gated rotation-continuous acquisition yield reconstructions free of breathing artifacts. The tumor in parenchymal lung and normal tissues are easily discernible and the boundary between the diaphragm and the lung sharply defined. Contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) is not degraded relative to nongated scans of stationary phantoms. The continuous rotation-gated acquisition scan also yields tomographic images with discernible anatomic features; however, streak artifacts are observed and CNR is reduced by approximately a factor of 4. In conclusion, we have successfully developed a gated MV CBCT system to verify the patient positioning for gated radiotherapy.

Chang Jenghwa; Sillanpaa, Jussi; Ling, Clifton C.; Seppi, Edward; Yorke, Ellen; Mageras, Gikas; Amols, Howard [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021 (United States); Ginzton Technology Center, Varian Medical Systems, Mountain View, California 94043 (United States); Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021 (United States)

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

339

Demonstration of a fully tuneable entangling gate for continuous-variable one-way quantum computation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a fully tuneable entangling gate for continuous-variable one-way quantum computation. We present a proof-of-principle demonstration by propagating two independent optical inputs through a three-mode linear cluster state and applying the gate in various regimes. The genuine quantum nature of the gate is confirmed by verifying the entanglement strength in the output state. Our protocol can be readily incorporated into efficient multi-mode interaction operations in the context of large-scale one-way quantum computation, as our tuning process is the generalisation of cluster state shaping.

Shota Yokoyama; Ryuji Ukai; Seiji C. Armstrong; Jun-ichi Yoshikawa; Peter van Loock; Akira Furusawa

2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

340

Temperature dependence of plasmonic terahertz absorption in grating-gate gallium-nitride transistor structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Strong plasmon resonances have been observed in the terahertz transmission spectra (1–5 THz) of large-area slit-grating-gate AlGaN/GaN-based high-electron-mobility transistor(HEMT) structures at temperatures from 10 to 170 K. The resonance frequencies correspond to the excitation of plasmons with wave vectors equal to the reciprocal lattice vectors of the metal grating which serves both as a gate electrode for the HEMT and a coupler between plasmons and incident terahertz radiation. Wide tunability of the resonances by the applied gate voltage demonstrates potential of these devices for terahertz applications.

A. V. Muravjov; D. B. Veksler; V. V. Popov; O. V. Polischuk; N. Pala; X. Hu; R. Gaska; H. Saxena; R. E. Peale; M. S. Shur

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Thermosensitive gating effect and selective gas adsorption in a porous coordination nanocage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A porous coordination nanocage functionalized with 24 triisopropylsilyl groups exhibits a remarkable thermosensitive gate opening phenomenon and demonstrates a molecular sieving effect at a certain temperature range, which can be used for gas separation purposes.

Zhao, Dan; Yuan, Daqiang; Krishna, Rajamani; van Baten, Jasper M.; Zhou, Hong-Cai (TAM); (U. Amsterdam)

2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

342

Thermosensitive gating effect and selective gas adsorption in a porous coordination nanocage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A porous coordination nanocage functionalized with 24 triisopropylsilyl groups exhibits a remarkable thermosensitive gate opening phenomenon and demonstrates a molecular sieving effect at a certain temperature range, which can be used for gas separation purposes.

Zhao, Dan; Yuan, Daqiang; Krishna, Rajamani; van Baten, Jasper M; Zhou, Hong-Cai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: GATE: Energy Efficient Vehicles for Sustainable Mobility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by Ohio State University at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about GATE: energy efficient...

344

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: DOE GATE Center of Excellence in Sustainable Vehicle Systems  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by Clemson University at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about DOE GATE Center of...

345

A linear programming solution to the gate assignment problem at airport terminals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research solves the flight-to-gate assignment problem at airports in such a way as to minimize, or at least reduce, walking distances for passengers inside terminals. Two solution methods are suggested. The first is ...

Mangoubi, Rami

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

E-Print Network 3.0 - arbitrary phase gates Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

<< < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 41 Optical simulation of quantum logic N. J. Cerf,1 Summary: of universal quantum gates using simple optical components beam...

347

Simple template-based method to produce bradbury-nielsen gates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Bradbury-Nielsen gate (BNG) consists of two interleaved...µm with minimal use of a microscope. The small wire spacing allows modulation rates at tens of megahertz. Using this method, we have fabricated four BNG...

Oh Kyu Yoon; Ignacio A. Zuleta…

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Process fidelity estimation of linear optical quantum CZ gate: A comparative study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a systematic comparison of different methods of fidelity estimation of a linear optical quantum controlled-Z gate implemented by two-photon interference on a partially polarizing beam splitter. We have utilized a linear fidelity estimator based on the Monte Carlo sampling technique as well as a non-linear estimator based on maximum likelihood reconstruction of a full quantum process matrix. In addition, we have also evaluated lower bound on quantum gate fidelity determined by average quantum state fidelities for two mutually unbiased bases. In order to probe various regimes of operation of the gate we have introduced a tunable delay line between the two photons. This allowed us to move from high-fidelity operation to a regime where the photons become distinguishable and the success probability of the scheme significantly depends on input state. We discuss in detail possible systematic effects that could influence the gate fidelity estimation.

M. Micuda; M. Sedlak; I. Straka; M. Mikova; M. Dusek; M. Jezek; J. Fiurasek

2014-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

349

Ligand-Gated Chloride Channels Are Receptors for Biogenic Amines in C. elegans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biogenic amines such as serotonin and dopamine are intercellular signaling molecules that function widely as neurotransmitters and neuromodulators. We have identified in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans three ligand-gated ...

Ringstad, Niels

350

Synthesis of reversible functions using various gate libraries and design specifications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This dissertation is devoted to efficient automated logic synthesis of reversible circuits using various gate types and initial specifications. These Reversible circuits are of interest to several modern technologies, including Nanotechnology, ...

Nouraddin Alhagi / Marek Perkowski

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Gate-diffusion input (GDI): a power-efficient method for digital combinatorial circuits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gate diffusion input (GDI) - a new technique of low-power digital combinatorial circuit design - is described. This technique allows reducing power consumption, propagation delay, and area of digital circuits while maintaining low complexity of logic ...

A. Morgenshtein; A. Fish; I. A. Wagner

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Positions in the glun2c-containing nmdar regulate alcohol sensitivity and ion channel gating.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, a subtype of glutamate-gated ion channel, has been shown to be a major target of ethanol in the central nervous… (more)

Wu, Man

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

A high-k ferroelectric relaxor terpolymer as a gate dielectric for orgnaic thin film transistors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Poly(vinylidenefluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) (P(VDF-TrFE-CFE)) is a ferroelectric terpolymer relaxor with a static dielectric constant of 50, which was developed using defect modification to eliminate remnant polarization in the normal ferroelectric PVDF. In this work, this solution processable terpolymer was used as the gate insulator in bottom gated organic thin-film transistors with a pentacene semiconductor layer. Due to the high dielectric constant of P(VDF-TrFE- CFE), a large capacitive coupling between the gate and channel can be achieved which causes a high charge concentration at the interface of the semiconductor and dielectric layers. In this device, an on/ off ratio of 104 and a low minimum operation gate voltage (5-10 V) were attained

Wu, Shan [Pennsylvania State University; Shao, Ming [ORNL; Burlingame, Quinn [Pennsylvania State University; Chen, Xiangzhong [Penn state university; Lin, Minren [Pennsylvania State University; Xiao, Kai [ORNL; Zhang, Qiming [Pennsylvania State University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

AN AUTOZEROING FLOATING-GATE BANDPASS FILTER Paul Hasler, Bradley A. Minch, and Chris Diorio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the thermal Figure 1: An autozeroing oating-gate ampli er AFGA that uses pFET hot-electron injection a bandpass oating-gate ampli er that uses tunneling and pFET hot-electron injection to set its DC operating the current through the pFET. Steady state occurs when the injection current is equal to the tunneling current

Diorio, Chris

355

Yield estimates and comparisons for full custom, standard cell, and gate array design methodologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

YIELD ESTIMATES AND COMPARISONS FOR FULL CUSTOM, STANDARD CELL, AND GATE ARRAY DESIGN METHODOLOGIES A Thesis by MARCELLA EVELYN NORTE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1990 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering YIELD ESTIMATES AND COMPARISONS FOR FULL CUSTOM, STANDARD CELL, AND GATE ARRAY DESIGN METHODOLOGIES A Thesis by MARCELLA EVELYN NORTE Approved...

Norte, Marcella Evelyn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

356

Mercury Concentrations in Common Tern Sterna hirundo and Slender-billed Gull Larus genei from the Shadegan Marshes of Iran, in North-western Corner of the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examined mercury levels in several tissues of Common Terns and Slender-billed Gulls collected from Shadegan Marshes of south-western Iran. In both species, total mercury content was highest in feathers foll...

Rasool Zamani-Ahmadmahmoodi; Mostafa Alahverdi…

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Logic gates at the surface code threshold: Superconducting qubits poised for fault-tolerant quantum computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A quantum computer can solve hard problems - such as prime factoring, database searching, and quantum simulation - at the cost of needing to protect fragile quantum states from error. Quantum error correction provides this protection, by distributing a logical state among many physical qubits via quantum entanglement. Superconductivity is an appealing platform, as it allows for constructing large quantum circuits, and is compatible with microfabrication. For superconducting qubits the surface code is a natural choice for error correction, as it uses only nearest-neighbour coupling and rapidly-cycled entangling gates. The gate fidelity requirements are modest: The per-step fidelity threshold is only about 99%. Here, we demonstrate a universal set of logic gates in a superconducting multi-qubit processor, achieving an average single-qubit gate fidelity of 99.92% and a two-qubit gate fidelity up to 99.4%. This places Josephson quantum computing at the fault-tolerant threshold for surface code error correction. Our quantum processor is a first step towards the surface code, using five qubits arranged in a linear array with nearest-neighbour coupling. As a further demonstration, we construct a five-qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) state using the complete circuit and full set of gates. The results demonstrate that Josephson quantum computing is a high-fidelity technology, with a clear path to scaling up to large-scale, fault-tolerant quantum circuits.

R. Barends; J. Kelly; A. Megrant; A. Veitia; D. Sank; E. Jeffrey; T. C. White; J. Mutus; A. G. Fowler; B. Campbell; Y. Chen; Z. Chen; B. Chiaro; A. Dunsworth; C. Neill; P. O`Malley; P. Roushan; A. Vainsencher; J. Wenner; A. N. Korotkov; A. N. Cleland; John M. Martinis

2014-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

358

Correlation of gross tumor volume excursion with potential benefits of respiratory gating  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To test the hypothesis that the magnitude of thoracic tumor motion can be used to determine the desirability of respiratory gating. Methods and materials: Twenty patients to be treated for lung tumors had computed tomography image data sets acquired under assisted breath hold at normal inspiration (100% tidal volume), at full expiration (0% tidal volume), and under free breathing. A radiation oncologist outlined gross tumor volumes (GTVs) on the breath-hold computed tomographic images. These data sets were registered to the free-breathing image data set. Two sets of treatment plans were generated: one based on an internal target volume explicitly formed from assessment of the excursion of the clinical target volume (CTV) through the respiratory cycle, representing an ungated treatment, and the other based on the 0% tidal volume CTV, representing a gated treatment with little margin for residual motion. Dose-volume statistics were correlated to the magnitude of the motion of the center of the GTV during respiration. Results: Patients whose GTVs were >100 cm{sup 3} showed little decrease in lung dose under gating. The other patients showed a correlation between the excursion of the center of the GTV and a reduction in potential lung toxicity. As residual motion increased, the benefits of respiratory gating increased. Conclusion: Gating seems to be advantageous for patients whose GTVs are <100 cm{sup 3} and for whom the center of the GTV exhibits significant motion, provided residual motion under gating is kept small.

Starkschall, George [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)]. E-mail: gstarksc@mdanderson.org; Forster, Kenneth M. [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Kitamura, Kei [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Department of Radiology, Hokkaido University, Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo (Japan); Cardenas, Alex [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Tucker, Susan L. [Department of Biomathematics, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Stevens, Craig W. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

359

Magic State Distillation and Gate Compilation in Quantum Algorithms for Quantum Chemistry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum algorithms for quantum chemistry map the dynamics of electrons in a molecule to the dynamics of a coupled spin system. To reach chemical accuracy for interesting molecules, a large number of quantum gates must be applied which implies the need for quantum error correction and fault-tolerant quantum computation. Arbitrary fault-tolerant operations can be constructed from a small, universal set of fault-tolerant operations by gate compilation. Quantum chemistry algorithms are compiled by decomposing the dynamics of the coupled spin-system using a Trotter formula, synthesizing the decomposed dynamics using Clifford operations and single-qubit rotations, and finally approximating the single-qubit rotations by a sequence of fault-tolerant single-qubit gates. Certain fault-tolerant gates rely on the preparation of specific single-qubit states referred to as magic states. As a result, gate compilation and magic state distillation are critical for solving quantum chemistry problems on a quantum computer. We review recent progress that has improved the efficiency of gate compilation and magic state distillation by orders of magnitude.

Colin J. Trout; Kenneth R. Brown

2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

360

Re-publication of the data from the BILL magnetic spectrometer: The cumulative $?$ spectra of the fission products of $^{235}$U, $^{239}$Pu, and $^{241}$Pu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the 1980s, measurements of the cumulative $\\beta$ spectra of the fission products following the thermal neutron induced fission of $^{235}$U, $^{239}$Pu, and $^{241}$Pu were performed at the magnetic spectrometer BILL at the ILL in Grenoble. This data was published in bins of 250 keV. In this paper, we re-publish the original data in a binning of 50 keV for $^{235}$U and 100 keV for $^{239}$Pu and $^{241}$Pu.

N. Haag; W. Gelletly; F. von Feilitzsch; L. Oberauer; W. Potzel; K. Schreckenbach; A. A. Sonzogni

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Acoustic sounding of the tropical marine boundary layer during GATE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A vertically pointed monostatic acoustic sounder was installed on the NOAA ShipOCEANOGRAPHER during the Global Atmospheric Research Program Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE). The sounderantenna was mounted on a gyrocontrolled platform to compensate for the ship'spitch and roll motions. Extensive measures such as mounting the antenna assembly on a vibration isolator and installing absorbing cuffs had to be taken to reduce interference by ship?generated noise. Back?scattered acoustic data obtained from up to 850 m height describe the tropical marine boundary layer in unique and hitherto unseen detail. During undisturbed weather conditions the facsimile record showed convective plumes rising from the surface of the water up to 400 m. Storm?generated disturbances resulted in a substantial modification of the boundary layer; low?level multilayered undulating inversions formed from cool outflow currents. The inversions persisted for up to 16 hours. Low?level patchy cumulus clouds produced characteristic hummock?shaped acoustic echoes. Analysis of the Doppler frequency shift of the returns allowed the determination of vertical velocities within these clouds and underlying convective plumes.

P. A. Mandics; J. E. Gaynor; F. F. Hall Jr.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

S. 737: A Bill to extend the deadlines applicable to certain hydroelectric projects, and for other purposes. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First session  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This bill was proposed to extend the deadlines applicable to certain hydroelectric projects, and for other purposes. The bill proposes extending the deadlines applying to certain hydroelectric projects in West Virginia, Kentucky, Washington, Oregon, and Arkansas. It proposes limited exemptions for licensing provisions for a power transmission project in New Mexico, extends Alaska`s state jurisdiction over small hydroelectric projects in the state, and amends the jurisdiction of FERC for licensing fresh water hydroelectric projects in Hawaii.

NONE

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

363

Atomically flat La-silicate/Si interface using tungsten carbide gate electrode with nano-sized grain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interface properties of La-silicate gate dielectrics on Si substrates with W or nano-sized grain W{sub 2}C gate electrodes have been investigated. A low interface state density of 2.5?×?10{sup 11}?cm{sup ?2}/eV has been achieved with W{sub 2}C gate electrodes, which is one third of those with W gate electrode. An interface roughness of 0.33?nm with spatial frequency comparable to the grain size of W gate electrode has been observed. Besides, an atomically flat interface of 0.12?nm has been obtained with W{sub 2}C gate electrode. The origin of flat interface may be attributed to the elimination of inhomogeneous stress by grains in metal electrode.

Tuokedaerhan, K.; Natori, K.; Iwai, H. [Frontier Research Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8503 (Japan); Kakushima, K., E-mail: kakushima@ep.titech.ac.jp; Kataoka, Y.; Nishiyama, A.; Sugii, N.; Wakabayashi, H.; Tsutsui, K. [Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8502 (Japan)

2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

364

Part I:Part I: Degradation in 3.2 nm Gate Oxides:Degradation in 3.2 nm Gate Oxides: Effects on Inverter Performance and MOSFETEffects on Inverter Performance and MOSFET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Inverter Performance and MOSFETEffects on Inverter Performance and MOSFET Characteristics.2 nm Gate Oxides: Effects on Inverter Performance and MOSFETEffects on Inverter Performance and MOSFET

Anlage, Steven

365

Full-Swing Gate Diffusion Input logic-Case-study of low-power CLA adder design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Full Swing Gate Diffusion Input (FS-GDI) methodology is presented. The proposed methodology is applied to a 40nm Carry Look Ahead Adder (CLA). The CLA is implemented mainly using GDI full-swing F1 and F2 gates, which are the counterparts of standard ... Keywords: Alternative logic family, Carry Look Ahead (CLA) adder, Full-Swing GDI, Gate Difusion Input (GDI), Low power

Arkadiy Morgenshtein; Viacheslav Yuzhaninov; Alexey Kovshilovsky; Alexander Fish

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Dissociation of human thalamic and cortical SEP gating as revealed by intrathalamic recordings under muscle relaxation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

‘Gating’ refers to a reduction of cortical somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) under multiple simultaneous afferent inputs. This study used the opportunity for intrathalamic recordings in patients with movement disorders to clarify to what extent cortical SEP gating is preceded by thalamic gating. Recordings were performed in 10 patients, narcotised by intravenous propofol when receiving implantation of a therapeutic deep brain stimulator system. SEP were elicited by an 8.1-Hz median nerve stimulation at twice motor threshold and were recorded simultaneously from both intrathalamic and scalp electrodes before and after the application of the depolarising muscle blocker succinylcholine which eliminated both the background muscular tone and the repetitive muscle twitches caused by the median nerve stimulation. Peripheral compound action potentials recorded at the upper arm remained unchanged after complete muscle relaxation, proving a continuously effective nerve stimulation. In contrast, the primary cortical SEP component (N20) was significantly increased under succinylcholine (+17%). This cortical release from gating was not paralleled, however, by an increased thalamic response; rather, the primary thalamic response (P16) showed a slight (?9%) but highly significant amplitude reduction. As the recordings were performed in narcotised patients, any potentially variable attentional bias on part of the subjects can be excluded as confounding factor when comparing the two experimental conditions with vs. without reafferent somatosensory inflow. Thus, given the high signal-to-noise ratio of intrathalamically recorded SEP, the present study shows a distinct thalamo–cortical dissociation with the primary somatosensory cortex representing the predominant level exhibiting SEP gating.

Fabian Klostermann; René Gobbele; Helmut Buchner; Gabriel Curio

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Water gate array for current flow or tidal movement pneumatic harnessing system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention, which provides a system for harnessing power from current flow or tidal movement in a body of water, comprises first and second hydro-pneumatic chambers each having ingress and egress below the water surface near the river or ocean floor and water gates operative to open or seal the ports to the passage of water. In an exemplary embodiment, the gates are sychronized by shafts so that the ingress ports of each chamber are connected to the egress ports of each other chamber. Thus, one set of gates is closed, while the other is open, thereby allowing water to flow into one chamber and build air pressure therein and allowing water to flow out of the other chamber and create a partial vacuum therein. A pipe connects the chambers, and an air turbine harnesses the air movement within the pipe. When water levels are equilibrated, the open set of gates is closed by a counterweight, and the other set is allowed to open by natural force of the water differential. The water gates may be comprised of a plurality of louvers which are ganged for simultaneous opening and closing. The system is designed to operate with air turbines or other pneumatic devices. Its design minimizes construction cost and environmental impact, yet provides a clean renewable energy source.

Gorlov, Alexander M. (Brookline, MA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Direct deposition of aluminum oxide gate dielectric on graphene channel using nitrogen plasma treatment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deposition of high-quality dielectric on a graphene channel is an essential technology to overcome structural constraints for the development of nano-electronic devices. In this study, we investigated a method for directly depositing aluminum oxide (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) on a graphene channel through nitrogen plasma treatment. The deposited Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} thin film on graphene demonstrated excellent dielectric properties with negligible charge trapping and de-trapping in the gate insulator. A top-gate-structural graphene transistor was fabricated using Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} as the gate dielectric with nitrogen plasma treatment on graphene channel region, and exhibited p-type transistor characteristics.

Lim, Taekyung; Kim, Dongchool; Ju, Sanghyun [Department of Physics, Kyonggi University, Suwon, Gyeonggi-Do 443-760 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Photon-energy-dependent light effects in organic nano-floating-gate nonvolatile memories  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A pentacene-based organic field-effect transistor nonvolatile memory, in which polystyrene covered Au nanoparticles act as the nano-floating-gate, is probed under different illumination conditions. The memory window can be greatly enlarged upon illumination depending on incident photon energy and intensity, and two light effects are proposed and discussed. The minority multiplication effect enhances the minority carrier tunneling into the nano-floating-gate, resulting in the remarkable positive VT shift. The excitation-induced injection effect is strongly photon energy dependent, and it is responsible for the significant negative VT shift. Appropriate illumination is favorable for reducing the programming/erasing voltage of organic nano-floating-gate nonvolatile memories.

Xu Gao; Chang-Hai Liu; Xiao-Jian She; Qin-Liang Li; Jie Liu; Sui-Dong Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Potential residential PV development in Chile: The effect of Net Metering and Net Billing schemes for grid-connected PV systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In recent years the global photovoltaic (PV) market has expanded rapidly due to a sharp decline in PV prices and increased attention to the importance of sustainable energy. Northern Chile has one of the highest irradiance levels in the world as well as one the highest electricity rates in Latin America. Because of these conditions, Chile is one of very few countries where several PV projects are being developed without government subsidies and consequently, the PV industry is experiencing rapid growth. This paper reviews the opportunity to take advantage of these market conditions within the residential sector, modeling PV arrays across 10 cities in Chile. A detailed modeling of PV systems is performed to achieve an accurate analysis of energy production and electricity cost, using local resource data, optimal array orientation and inclination, and production losses. A review of how Net Metering and Net Billing affect the value of the PV production is applied and a comparison using levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) is conducted. Net Metering is found to be a better policy choice to promote PV systems than Net Billing because energy injected into the electrical network is paid at the complete retail rate. However, in developed countries this kind of policy is unlikely to be supported because of it?s economic unfeasibility. Under a Net Billing scheme a consumer will see an advantage when energy is recorded over longer time intervals and when installing a system with smaller capacity relative to household electricity consumption. This prevents excess generation from being injected into the network which would be bought by the utility at lower prices than the retail rate. Payback periods are found to be low, between 6 years in northern areas with high retail rates and 13 years in other areas with lower radiation and retail rates.

David Watts; Marcelo F. Valdés; Danilo Jara; Andrea Watson

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Engineering a C-Phase quantum gate: optical design and experimental realization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A two qubit quantum gate, namely the C-Phase, has been realized by exploiting the longitudinal momentum (i.e. the optical path) degree of freedom of a single photon. The experimental setup used to engineer this quantum gate represents an advanced version of the high stability closed-loop interferometric setup adopted to generate and characterize 2-photon 4-qubit Phased Dicke states. Some experimental results, dealing with the characterization of multipartite entanglement of the Phased Dicke states are also discussed in detail.

Andrea Chiuri; Chiara Greganti; Paolo Mataloni

2012-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

372

Electronic transport mechanisms in scaled gate-all-around silicon nanowire transistor arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Low-frequency noise is used to study the electronic transport in arrays of 14?nm gate length vertical silicon nanowire devices. We demonstrate that, even at such scaling, the electrostatic control of the gate-all-around is sufficient in the sub-threshold voltage region to confine charges in the heart of the wire, and the extremely low noise level is comparable to that of high quality epitaxial layers. Although contact noise can already be a source of poor transistor operation above threshold voltage for few nanowires, nanowire parallelization drastically reduces its impact.

Clément, N., E-mail: nicolas.clement@iemn.univ-lille1.fr, E-mail: guilhem.larrieu@laas.fr; Han, X. L. [Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics and Nanotechnology, CNRS, Avenue Poincaré, 59652 Villeneuve d'Ascq (France)] [Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics and Nanotechnology, CNRS, Avenue Poincaré, 59652 Villeneuve d'Ascq (France); Larrieu, G., E-mail: nicolas.clement@iemn.univ-lille1.fr, E-mail: guilhem.larrieu@laas.fr [Laboratory for Analysis and Architecture of Systems (LAAS), CNRS, Universite de Toulouse, 7 Avenue Colonel Roche, 31077 Toulouse (France)

2013-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

373

Resilience of gated avalanche photodiodes against bright illumination attacks in quantum cryptography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Semiconductor avalanche photodiodes (APDs) are commonly used for single photon detection in quantum key distribution. Recently, many attacks using bright illumination have been proposed to manipulate gated InGaAs APDs. In order to devise effective counter-measures, careful analysis of these attacks must be carried out to distinguish between incorrect operation and genuine loopholes. Here, we show that correctly-operated, gated APDs are immune to continuous-wave illumination attacks, while monitoring the photocurrent for anomalously high values is a straightforward counter-measure against attacks using temporally tailored light.

Z. L. Yuan; J. F. Dynes; A. J. Shields

2011-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

374

A proposal for the implementation of quantum gates with photonic-crystal coupled cavity waveguides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum computers require technologies that offer both sufficient control over coherent quantum phenomena and minimal spurious interactions with the environment. We show, that photons confined to photonic crystals, and in particular to highly efficient waveguides formed from linear chains of defects doped with atoms can generate strong non-linear interactions which allow to implement both single and two qubit quantum gates. The simplicity of the gate switching mechanism, the experimental feasibility of fabricating two dimensional photonic crystal structures and integrability of this device with optoelectronics offers new interesting possibilities for optical quantum information processing networks.

Dimitris G. Angelakis; Marcelo Franca Santos; Vassilis Yannopapas; Artur Ekert

2007-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

375

Alternative Underwriting Criteria … Using Utility Bill Payment History as a Proxy for Credit: Case Study on Clean Energy Works Oregon  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Policy Brief is an excerpt from the report: "Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Policy Brief is an excerpt from the report: "Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households." For the full report and other resources visit: http://middleincome.lbl.gov April 4, 2012 Alternative Underwriting Criteria - Using Utility Bill Payment History as a Proxy for Credit: Case Study on Clean Energy Works Oregon Launched as a Portland-based pilot in April 2010, Clean Energy Works Oregon (CEWO) provides outreach,

376

Measuring retrofit savings in commercial buildings with pre-retrofit utility billing data and post-retrofit sub-metered data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Savings in Commercial Buildings with Pre-Retrofit Utility Billing Data and Post-Retrofit Sub-Metered Data. (December 1993) Yue Liu, B.S., Harbin Architecture & Civil Engineering Institute, Harbin, China Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. David E... for provision of site information. Finally, I give thanks to all my colleagues and friends at the Energy Systems Lab for their support and friendship. vii TABLE OF CONTENTS Page - A B S T R A C T iii DEDICATION v A C K N O W L E D G M E N T S vi LIST...

Liu, Yue

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

377

A procedure for localizing faults to specific gates using power supply transient signals is described. The method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of gates along sensitized paths from the composite transient signals measured at the power ports or C4s by a defect-free chip or simulation to identify the position of a defect. The transients produced at the C4sAbstract A procedure for localizing faults to specific gates using power supply transient signals

Plusquellic, James

378

Activation of the Inositol (1,4,5)-Triphosphate Calcium Gate Receptor Is Required for HIV-1 Gag Release  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...27 Jagannath, A., and M. J. A. Wood. 2009. Localization of double-stranded...inositol (1,4,5)-triphosphate calcium gate receptor is required for HIV-1 Gag release...5)-triphosphate receptor (IP3R) gates intracellular Ca(2+) stores. Following...

Lorna S. Ehrlich; Gisselle N. Medina; Mahfuz B. Khan; Michael D. Powell; Katsuhiko Mikoshiba; Carol A. Carter

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

379

Dominant-Negative Synthesis Suppression of Voltage-Gated Calcium Channel Cav2.2 Induced by Truncated Constructs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dominant-Negative Synthesis Suppression of Voltage-Gated Calcium Channel Cav2.2 Induced, United Kingdom Voltage-gated calcium channel 1 subunits consist of four domains (I­IV), each with six by the cytoplasmic I-II loop of Cav2.2. It requires transmembrane seg- ments, because the isolated Cav2.2 N terminus

Dolphin, Annette C.

380

High-Performance Integrated Dual-Gate AlGaN/GaN Enhancement-Mode Transistor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this letter, we present a new AlGaN/GaN enhancement-mode (E-mode) transistor based on a dual-gate structure. The dual gate allows the transistor to combine an E-mode behavior with low on-resistance and very high breakdown ...

Lu, Bin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Crystal Structure of the Mammalian GIRK2 KplusChannel and Gating Regulation by G Proteins PIP2 and Sodium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

G protein-gated K{sup +} channels (Kir3.1--Kir3.4) control electrical excitability in many different cells. Among their functions relevant to human physiology and disease, they regulate the heart rate and govern a wide range of neuronal activities. Here, we present the first crystal structures of a G protein-gated K{sup +} channel. By comparing the wild-type structure to that of a constitutively active mutant, we identify a global conformational change through which G proteins could open a G loop gate in the cytoplasmic domain. The structures of both channels in the absence and presence of PIP{sub 2} suggest that G proteins open only the G loop gate in the absence of PIP{sub 2}, but in the presence of PIP{sub 2} the G loop gate and a second inner helix gate become coupled, so that both gates open. We also identify a strategically located Na{sup +} ion-binding site, which would allow intracellular Na{sup +} to modulate GIRK channel activity. These data provide a structural basis for understanding multiligand regulation of GIRK channel gating.

M Whorton; R MacKinnon

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

382

ECG-GATED C-ARM COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY USING L1 REGULARIZATION Cyril Mory 1,3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECG-GATED C-ARM COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY USING L1 REGULARIZATION Cyril Mory 1,3 , Bo Zhang 3 , Vincent of the algorithm used for the minimization. Index Terms -- C-Arm, computed tomography, ECG- gating, augmented arises from the synchronization with the patient's electrocardiogram (ECG), which is necessary to avoid

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

383

Energy Bill Literature Sources  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Of the "PURPA Standards" in the Of the "PURPA Standards" in the Energy Policy Act of 2005 March 22, 2006 Sponsored by American Public Power Association (APPA) Edison Electric Institute (EEI) National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) Prepared by: Kenneth Rose and Karl Meeusen Preface This manual was prepared by Kenneth Rose, a consultant and Senior Fellow at the Institute of Public Utilities at Michigan State University, and Karl Meeusen, Graduate Research Associate at The Ohio State University. This manual was sponsored by the American Public Power Association (APPA), the Edison Electric Institute (EEI), the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC), and the National

384

Energy Bill Literature Sources  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of the "PURPA Standards" in the of the "PURPA Standards" in the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 August 11, 2008 Sponsored by American Public Power Association (APPA) Edison Electric Institute (EEI) National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) Prepared by: Kenneth Rose and Mike Murphy iii Preface This manual was prepared by Kenneth Rose, a consultant and Senior Fellow at the Institute of Public Utilities at Michigan State University, and Mike Murphy, Graduate Research Associate at The Ohio State University. This manual was sponsored by the American Public Power Association (APPA), the Edison Electric Institute (EEI), the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC), and the National

385

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/kg 11 Hourly Load profile of one indoor producer Producers do not have a flat profile 12 #12;9/3/2014 7 Hourly Load Shapes (one producer) Can contribute sig 3, 2014 MEMORANDUM TO: Power Committee FROM: Massoud Jourabchi SUBJECT: Electrical load impacts

386

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Cooperative, based in Hermiston, Oregon, began his presentation by saying he understands of #12;2 regulators and state energy office representatives held in Arizona, Smith noted. We also Rettenmund, Inland Power and Light; Steve Eldrige, Umatilla Cooperative (by phone); and Terry Flores

387

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Indian Reservation and the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation, and is not covered in this agreement. The agreement would also provide habitat and builds on the efficiencies pioneered there. #12;More Info: See attached Power Point document

388

Rhonda Whiting Bill Bradbury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the assessment. We had a progress report on the electricity price forecast and an update on transmission issues a presentation on the FPC's historical spill summary, which explains how the spill #12;2 program has evolved

389

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the RPM to value demand response resources based on the revised capacity requirements. #12;Staff identified two potential enhancements that will expand the Council's analytical capacity for the Seventh for a limited number of potential additional enhancements that fall outside the functionality agreed upon

390

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

environmental costs and benefits." When the Council released the draft Sixth Power Plan for public review in the Sixth Power Plan. Upon review of the comments and further review of the draft power plan, the Council in the notice why it was releasing this element of the Sixth Power Plan for public review and comment

391

The Plumage Bill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... I HAVE read with much interest Sir Harry Johnston's article in NATURE of December 11 (p. 428) on the Plumage ... , be dealt with?

HENRY O. FORBES

1913-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

392

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on both the steering and technical committees has been assembled and is being presented to the Power committee) by fall of 2013. A preliminary assessment of the power supply adequacy for 2019 should be ready, 2013 MEMORANDUM TO: Power Committee Members FROM: John Fazio, Senior Power System Analyst SUBJECT

393

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Utilities BPA * Source: US National Science Foundation 2012 data #12;Technology Innovation: Cyclical Process 4 #12;ROADMAPPING PROJECT MANAGEMENT PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER Technology Technology Transfer Application of technology to meet business challenge Technology commercialization

394

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, surplus hydro, borrowed hydro Standby Resources Type 1 Nondeclared utility resources (diesel generators 3, 2014 MEMORANDUM TO: Power Committee Members FROM: John Fazio, Senior Systems Analyst SUBJECT-222-5161) Summary: In power system planning, there has always been a tradeoff between cost and adequacy (or

395

Rhonda Whiting Bill Bradbury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

data on electric consumers' end use load profiles. Such data is an essential input to various utility to update the region's end use load profile data. However, it does not identify who could or should take regional attention on the need to update end use load profile data. The initial meeting of the forum

396

Integrases, Aliens, & Bill Joy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research presentation on recent and unpublished work before the MIT Synthetic Biology Working Group on 24 September 2012 in MIT Building 56.

Endy, Drew

2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

397

Buildings without energy bills  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In European Union member states, by 31 december 2020, all new buildings shall be nearly zero-energy consumption building. For new buildings occupied and owned by public authorities this shall comply by 31 december 2018. The buildings sectors represents ... Keywords: energy efficiency, low energy buildings, passive houses design, sustainable development

Ruxandra Crutescu

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) to serve scheduled transactions and/or native load. Resources that have elected to be market dispatched to address the Council Members concerning the NW Power Pool Energy Imbalance Market effort. The NWPP is considering the design for a within-hour energy only market, called a security constrained economic dispatch

399

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-frame) staff is considering the use of the AURORAxmp model, with 80 hydroelectric generation shapes (based into the Council's TRAP hourly hydroelectric model and its GENESYS model. Typically, the hydroelectric system has

400

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and wildlife affected by the development and operation of hydroelectric facilities while assuring the Pacific and operation of any hydroelectric project on the Columbia River; · establishing objectives for the development of anadromous fish at, and between, the region's hydroelectric dams." ANALYSIS: Recommendations and comments

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Activities Transmission Projects Federal Regulations Biomass Energy Development Energy Efficiency ISEA.S. Forest Service Payette Supervisor Office 6 Biomass Energy Utilization #12; Idaho Industrial Energy Saving, 2014 MEMORANDUM TO: Council Members From: Shirley Lindstrom Subject: Update on energy issues in Idaho

402

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" of the hydroelectric facilities on the Columbia River or its tributaries; and to do so "while assuring the region, and opportunities presented by the development and operation of hydroelectric facilities on the Columbia River

403

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the committee began with a primer on solar energy and the work staff will do to determine the cost benefits of energy efficiency that displaces wood burning, he said, adding that this is the first opportunity for the Council to look at issues related to the health benefits of energy efficiency

404

Bill Drummond Administrator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

carbon-free power from Columbia River hydroelectric dams and the region's one nuclear plant. BPA also operates most of the surrounding power grid, distributing wind and other energy to the Pacific Northwest the Public Power Council, an association of all Northwest publicly owned utilities. During more than 30 years

405

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electric heating systems to ductless heat pumps. These savings estimates were based on an analysis of the pre and post- electricity use of over 3,400 homes with existing zonal electric heating systems on the previous zonal electric heating system and, as a result, were using less wood. Based on these findings

406

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, under the Council's Fish and Wildlife Program. The review is in full swing. The ISRP members have been projects funded under the Fish and Wildlife Program in functional categories (i.e., wildlife, monitoring Gorge and Columbia Plateau - Wind, Klickitat, Hood, Fifteenmile 6 4/17 Columbia Plateau - Umatilla

407

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's presentation Where we are in the planning process Review of Economic Drivers- from July 8 2014 P4 Proposed for use in draft 7th Plan BACKGROUND: Presenter: Massoud Jourabchi Summary: Using latest economic forecast (economic drivers, baseline efficiency of appliances, number of homes, commercial floorspace) are used

408

Pitch: "Reduce Your Bill"  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document summarizes the information given during the DOE SunShot Grand Challenge: Summit and Technology Forum, June 13-14, 2012.

409

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calculator 1) Fixed Levelized Cost $/kWyr 2) Full LCOE $/MWh (with energy production and variable costs, annualized payment (like a mortgage payment) ­ Levelized Cost. When divided by annual energy production

410

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of 400 megawatts of new gas-fired generation in the most extreme future. However, in most other futures, little or no gas-fired generation is needed. The 2019 resource adequacy assessment, however, shows a need 3, 2014 MEMORANDUM TO: Power Committee Members FROM: John Fazio, Senior Systems Analyst SUBJECT

411

Rhonda Whiting Bill Bradbury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the Council on: · As a first priority, the need to access information such as GIS maps or tools from NHI

412

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this plan cycle - http://www.nwcouncil.org/energy/grac/home/. #12;9/30/2014 1 Generating Resourcesg&M · Construction Schedule GENESYS 5 · Levelized Cost of Energy · Levelized Fixed Cost (annual basis) Fuel Price Forecasts Natural gas, coal, oil Transmission, Integration Costs Reference Plant Key Attributes (1

413

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion (FCRPS BiOp), the 2009 Adaptive Management Implementation scenarios · Estuary/Ocean o Estuary Actions -- Survival into estuary and ocean based on JSATS studies and potential decreases in avian predation o Ocean Conditions -- Updated ocean survival analysis (Snake River

414

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

16, 2014 MEMORANDUM TO: Interested Parties FROM: Council Staff SUBJECT: Council's Regional Hydropower hydropower scoping study. The Council selected a proposal by the Northwest Hydroelectric Association (NWHA potential for new hydropower development and for upgrades to existing units, and the costs associated

415

Bill Bradbury Henry Lorenzen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the development and operation of hydropower dams in the Columbia River Basin. Rationale Development and operation lost to hydropower dam development and operation. Beginning in the 2000 Program, the Council called of the hydropower projects Develop and implement habitat acquisition and enhancement projects to fully mitigate

416

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the Troutdale Energy Resource Center, he said. The committee also discussed proposed Council comments on BPA

417

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Columbia River, Welch reported. Hydro system mitigation efforts may be ineffective if differential survival processes is important because hydro system operations can then be distinguished from poor ocean. There's a very small difference compared to what was expected, replied Welch. Ocean impacts are very

418

Cut Your Power Bills  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is called its load profile. A continuous process operating 365 days a year would have a flat profile whether measured on a daily, weekly, monthly or yearly basis. But most plant profiles ere not flat because operations may not be consistent for three shifts...

Greenwood, R. W.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Idaho James A. Yost Idaho Pat Smith Montana Tom Karier Washington Phil Rockefeller Washington October 28 that follows a scientific journal format. The objective of the new template is to create standardized reports that increase scientific consistency, improve content, timeliness, efficiency of reporting, and accessibility

420

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the region. Thermoelectric and hydroelectric power sta- tions were soon being built by mining and textile

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to rat ment, we urg n further con lic Power Co ng its fish an ts to the NW n to protect, wer System ct in Spokane to speak about the experimental spill test proposal as well as provide general comments Flores, Steve Eldrige, CEO Umatilla Electric and Fred Rettenmund, Power Resources and Legislative

422

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Power Committee chair Jim Yost said two Idaho electric cooperatives made presentations about issues an update on the region's Smart Grid pilot project, he continued. It will be 18 months before there is data for expense and $6 million for capital, and they represent a big chunk of the Council's F&W program, she said

423

Rhonda Whiting Bill Bradbury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

30, 2012 MEMORANDUM TO: Council Members FROM: Tony Grover, Fish and Wildlife Division Director SUBJECT: Agency and Tribal comments on Bonneville's fish and wildlife budget and project management practices Dave Johnson, Nez Perce Tribe; Dan Rawding, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife; Tom Rien

424

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

30, 2014 MEMORANDUM TO: Council Members FROM: Council Staff SUBJECT: Fish and Wildlife Program Council meeting with the goal of adopting an amended Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program at the October 10th Council meeting. Relevance: Amending the fish and wildlife program is called

425

Site-Directed Amino Acid Substitutions in the Hydroxylase ? Subunit of Butane Monooxygenase from Pseudomonas butanovora: Implications for Substrates Knocking at the Gate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...intricacies of the leucine gate influence catalysis at...opening the leucine gate and shifting the geometry...where green is carbon, red is oxygen, blue is nitrogen...is through the leucine gate toward the diiron center...H. Shim, and T. K. Wood. 2002. Directed evolution...

Kimberly H. Halsey; Luis A. Sayavedra-Soto; Peter J. Bottomley; Daniel J. Arp

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Guardians at the Gates of Hell Estimating the Risk of Nuclear Theft and Terrorism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that pose the highest-priority risks of nuclear theft, and to evaluate policy approaches to strengtheningGuardians at the Gates of Hell Estimating the Risk of Nuclear Theft and Terrorism ­ and Identifying the Highest-Priority Risks of Nuclear Theft by Matthew Bunn SB and SM, Political Science, MIT, 1985 SUBMITTED

de Weck, Olivier L.

427

7-Gate Kinetic AMPA Model Kinetics to match EPSCs from calyx of Held  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

7-Gate Kinetic AMPA Model · Kinetics to match EPSCs from calyx of Held · Multiple closed, open and EPSC amplitude Bruce Graham Department of Computing Science and Mathematics, University of Stirling, U, including the calyx of Held in the mammalian auditory system. Such depression may be mediated

Graham, Bruce

428

The Thinnest Molecular Separation Sheet by Graphene Gates of Single-Walled Carbon Nanohorns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Graduate School of Science, Chiba University, 1-33 Yayoi, Inage, Chiba, Chiba 263-8522, Japan ... transport properties; surface science; separation science; molecular modeling; green chemistry; molecular gates; picostructures ... The author would like to thank Dr. M. Yudasaka from the Nanotube Research Center, Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan and Prof. S. Iijima from Meijo University, Japan for supplying the NHs. ...

Tomonori Ohba

2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

429

International Agriculture Fellowship: A Gates Foundation Grand Challenges Exploration in Endophytic Biological Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Agriculture Fellowship: A Gates Foundation Grand Challenges Exploration in Endophytic Biological Control Who we are: The International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) is a member institute of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CIAR). Based in Cali, Colombia, we focus

Ferrara, Katherine W.

430

Circadian gating of the psbAIII high light response in Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(1-5 fold) during the peaks of the cycle. We also found that in a clock null strain the lack of an oscillator does not entirely negate the light response of PpsbAIII::luxAB; however, this response does not demonstrate gating. In contrast...

Shelton, Jeffrey Lyn

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Performance of a 512 x 512 Gated CMOS Imager with a 250 ps Exposure Time  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the performance of a 512x512 gated CMOS read out integrated circuit (ROIC) with a 250 ps exposure time. A low-skew, H-tree trigger distribution system is used to locally generate individual pixel gates in each 8x8 neighborhood of the ROIC. The temporal width of the gate is voltage controlled and user selectable via a precision potentiometer. The gating implementation was first validated in optical tests of a 64x64 pixel prototype ROIC developed as a proof-of-concept during the early phases of the development program. The layout of the H-Tree addresses each quadrant of the ROIC independently and admits operation of the ROIC in two modes. If “common mode” triggering is used, the camera provides a single 512x512 image. If independent triggers are used, the camera can provide up to four 256x256 images with a frame separation set by the trigger intervals. The ROIC design includes small (sub-pixel) optical photodiode structures to allow test and characterization of the ROIC using optical sources prior to bump bonding. Reported test results were obtained using short pulse, second harmonic Ti:Sapphire laser systems operating at ?~ 400 nm at sub-ps pulse widths.

Teruya, A T; Moody, J D; Hsing, W W; Brown, C G; Griffin, M; Mead, A S

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Elephant Beer and Shinto Gates: Managing Similar Concepts in a Multilingual Database  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elephant Beer and Shinto Gates: Managing Similar Concepts in a Multilingual Database Martin" and "tembo" are completely interchangeable when talking about elephants, but bring you different brands as "rouge" in French or "nyekundu" in Swahili. An "elephant" is an elephant, whether it is "éléphant

433

Passivation effect on gate-bias stress instability of carbon nanotube thin film transistors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A prior requirement of any developed transistor for practical use is the stability test. Random network carbon nanotube-thin film transistor (CNT-TFT) was fabricated on SiO{sub 2}/Si. Gate bias stress stability was investigated with various passivation layers of HfO{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Compared to the threshold voltage shift without passivation layer, the measured values in the presence of passivation layers were reduced independent of gate bias polarity except HfO{sub 2} under positive gate bias stress (PGBS). Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} capping layer was found to be the best passivation layer to prevent ambient gas adsorption, while gas adsorption on HfO{sub 2} layer was unavoidable, inducing surface charges to increase threshold voltage shift in particular for PGBS. This high performance in the gate bias stress test of CNT-TFT even superior to that of amorphous silicon opens potential applications to active TFT industry for soft electronics.

Won Lee, Sang [Center for Integrated Nanostructure Physics (CINAP), Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Suh, Dongseok, E-mail: energy.suh@skku.edu [Center for Integrated Nanostructure Physics (CINAP), Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Energy Science and Department of Physics, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Young Lee, Si [Center for Integrated Nanostructure Physics (CINAP), Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Physics, Sungkyunkwan Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Hee Lee, Young, E-mail: leeyoung@skku.edu [Center for Integrated Nanostructure Physics (CINAP), Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Energy Science and Department of Physics, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Physics, Sungkyunkwan Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

434

Unique Functional Properties of a Sensory Neuronal P2X ATP-Gated Channel from Zebrafish  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of native P2X receptor channels evokes a fast inward current carried by mono- valent and calcium ions in a broad range of calcium- dependent signaling events from the neurogenic control of smooth muscle, and a cysteine-rich extracellular loop resembles that of recently discovered proton-gated channels (Wald- mann

Séguéla, Philippe

435

Ligand Gated Ion Channel Functionality Assays Robert P. Hayes, Kumud Raj Poudel and James A. Brozik  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was to devise a method suitable to test the functionality of the entire family of cysteine-loop ligand gated ion substrate was infused with calcium ions that were trapped by the POPC bilayer. Once the assembly was formed. Electrochemical measurements were taken using a calcium ion sensitive electrode. The assemblies were interrogated

Collins, Gary S.

436

Economic Congestion Relief Across Multiple Regions Requires Tradable Physical Flow-gate Rights  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PWP-076 Economic Congestion Relief Across Multiple Regions Requires Tradable Physical Flow.ucei.berkeley.edu/ucei #12;Economic Congestion Relief Across Multiple Regions Requires Tradable Physical Flow-gate Rights- mission use. The North American Electric Reliability Council NERC is in the process of implementing

California at Berkeley. University of

437

Effects of Magnesium on Inactivation of the Voltage-gated Calcium Current in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of Magnesium on Inactivation of the Voltage-gated Calcium Current in Cardiac Myocytes H-dependent inactivation can be modulated by changes in cytoplasmic Mg~+. INTRODUCTION Magnesium is an important constituent of the intracellular milieu. Despite the importance of magnesium as an essential cofactor

438

Influence of Electrolyte Composition on Liquid-Gated Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Transistors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of Electrolyte Composition on Liquid-Gated Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Transistors Iddo-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and graphene can function as highly sensitive nanoscale (bio)sensors in solution. Here, we compare experimentally how SWNT and graphene transistors respond to changes in the composition

Dekker, Cees

439

Photothermal Response in Dual-Gated Bilayer Graphene M.-H. Kim,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photothermal Response in Dual-Gated Bilayer Graphene M.-H. Kim,1 J. Yan,1,2 R. J. Suess,3 T. E photoresponse in gapped bilayer graphene was investigated by optical and transport measurements. A pulse There is growing recognition that graphene has excep- tional potential as a new optoelectronic material, which has

Murphy, Thomas E.

440

Current transport, gate dielectrics and band gap engineering in graphene devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current transport, gate dielectrics and band gap engineering in graphene devices Wenjuan Zhu In this work, we studied current transport in mono-, bi- and tri-layer graphene. We find that both of the electrical field of the substrate surface polar phonons in bi-layer/tri-layer graphenes. We also find

Perebeinos, Vasili

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Hafnium-doped tantalum oxide high-k gate dielectric films for future CMOS technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the doped films were explained by their compositions and bond structures. The Hf-doped TaOx film is a potential high-k gate dielectric for future MOS transistors. A 5 Ã?Â? tantalum nitride (TaNx) interface layer has been inserted between the Hf-doped Ta...

Lu, Jiang

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

442

Sulfur surface chemistry on the platinum gate of a silicon carbide based hydrogen sensor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

monitoring, solid-oxide fuel cells, and coal gasification, require operation at much higher temperatures thanSulfur surface chemistry on the platinum gate of a silicon carbide based hydrogen sensor Yung Ho to hydrogen sulfide, even in the presence of hydrogen or oxygen at partial pressures of 20­600 times greater

Tobin, Roger G.

443

Channel gating forces govern accuracy of mechano-electrical transduction in hair cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...imposed on the measurements by the series resistance of the patch. Hair-bundle displacement was measured...The most important parameter is the elementary gating force, Z, defined as...Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Animals Electric Stimulation Electrophysiology Hair Cells...

Sietse M. van Netten; Theo Dinklo; Walter Marcotti; Corné J. Kros

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

The use of gated radionuclide angiography in the diagnosis of cardiac contusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

No currently used diagnostic test is an accurate predictor of patients who will develop morbidity or mortality from cardiac contusion. In a prospective study we used gated cardiac radionuclide angiography to assess cardiac function in 30 patients with blunt chest trauma, and we compared the results of this test with those of other diagnostic studies for cardiac contusion to determine whether gated angiography is a more accurate predictor of serious cardiac injury. Diagnostic tests included the following: serial electrocardiograms (ECG), serial creatine phosphokinase muscle-brain isoenzyme (CPK-MB) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) isoenzymes, gated cardiac radionuclide angiography, and technetium-99m (Tc-99m) pyrophosphate scintigraphy. Abnormal studies were present in 26 patients; 22 showed abnormalities in CPK-MB, 19 on ECG, and five on gated scan. No patient demonstrated an abnormal Tc-99m pyrophosphate scan or abnormal elevation of LDH isoenzyme. Although no diagnostic test was predictive of morbidity and mortality, CPK-MB isoenzyme was the only test to correlate with morbidity and mortality. Morbidity and mortality correlated most closely with the number of associated major injuries and the presence of hypotension or hypoxia.

Fenner, J.E.; Knopp, R.; Lee, B.; dos Santos, P.A.; Wessel, R.J.; Dang, C.V.; Parks, S.N.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Robust quantum gates and a bus architecture for quantum computing with rare-earth-ion doped crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a composite pulse controlled phase gate which together with a bus architecture improves the feasibility of a recent quantum computing proposal based on rare-earth-ion doped crystals. Our proposed gate operation is tolerant to variations between ions of coupling strengths, pulse lengths, and frequency shifts, and it achieves worst case fidelities above 0.999 with relative variations in coupling strength as high as 10% and frequency shifts up to several percent of the resonant Rabi frequency of the laser used to implement the gate. We outline an experiment to demonstrate the creation and detection of maximally entangled states in the system.

Janus Wesenberg; Klaus Moelmer

2003-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

446

8/1/14 Google Maps https://www.google.com/maps/dir/Golden+Gate+Bridge,+San+Francisco,+CA+94129/UCSF%2FMission+Bay,+San+Francisco,+CA/@37.7996107,-122.4363906,... 1/2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8/1/14 Google Maps https://www.google.com/maps/dir/Golden+Gate+Bridge,+San+Francisco,+CA+94129/UCSF has tolls. Directions from Golden Gate Bridge to UCSF/Mission Bay San Francisco, CA 94129 Golden Gate;8/1/14 Google Maps https://www.google.com/maps/dir/Golden+Gate+Bridge,+San+Francisco,+CA+94129/UCSF%2FMission

Derisi, Joseph

447

A 20% service charge and 7% sales tax will be added to the total bill. Prices are effective through December 31, 2012, but may be subject to change should economic conditions require.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

·Threehoursofsetuptimeandfour hours of reception time. Food Service concludes at the end of the second hour. Bar ServiceA 20% service charge and 7% sales tax will be added to the total bill. Prices are effective through,whitemattesatinfloor- length specialty linens for all guest tables, food and beverage tables, and other reception tables

Arnold, Jonathan

448

S. 156: A Bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, January 21, 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

S. 156 is a Bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 with respect to energy credit. The proposed amendment discusses energy credit allowance against entire regular tax and alternative minimum tax and rules for the application of energy credit. Cross references and an effective date are given.

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Imagine a day, you drove your car without spilling a dime from your pocket? A day, you pay just a dollar bill for your monthly electrical energy consumption? Yes, this is what renewable energy resources does! We  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pay just a dollar bill for your monthly electrical energy consumption? Yes, this is what renewable Imagine a day, you drove your car without spilling a dime from your pocket? A day, you energy resources does! We have means to achieve this if we make use of the natural resources

Kostic, Milivoje M.

450

Hybrid Photonic Hyper-Controlled-Not Gate with the Dipole Induced Transparency in Weak-Coupling Regime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a hybrid hyper-controlled-not (hyper-CNOT) gate for hyperparallel photonic quantum computing based on both the polarization and spatial-mode degrees of freedom (DOFs) of a two-photon system, which is identical to two CNOT gates operating at the same time on four photons in one DOF. This proposal is implemented with the optical reflection-transmission property of a diamond nitrogen-vacancy center embedded in a photonic crystal cavity coupled to two waveguides, which is suitable for the robust and flexible quantum information processing based on both the spatial-mode and polarization DOFs of photon systems in Purcell regime. With the hybrid hyper-CNOT gate, more quantum logic gate operations can be accomplished with less resources in a definite period of time, and the influence from photonic dissipation and environment noise can be suppressed.

Bao-Cang Ren; Fu-Guo Deng

2014-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

451

E-Print Network 3.0 - atp-gated p2x4 ion Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ion Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: atp-gated p2x4 ion Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 introduction browse basic search advanced...

452

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: GATE Center for Electric Drive Transportation at the University of Michigan- Dearborn  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by Regents University of Michigan at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about GATE Center...

453

Abstract----Recently, a novel multi-bit nonvolatile memory based on double gate (DG) MOSFET is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the negative control gate voltages applied for read operation. We used Silvaco Atlas, a 2- D numerical. The quantitative analysis were conducted by Silvaco Atlas, a 2-D numerical device simulator [4]. We read

Lee, Jong Duk

454

Positions in the GluN2C-Containing NMDAR Regulate Alcohol Sensitivity and Ion Channel Gating.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, a subtype of glutamate-gated ion channel, has been shown to be a major target of ethanol in the central nervous system… (more)

Wu, Man

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Notrees Wind Storage - Jeff Gates, Duke Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Notrees Energy Storage Project Notrees Energy Storage Project Jeff Gates Duke Energy jeff.gates@duke-energy.com Project Objectives * Use energy storage to increase the value and practical application of wind generation * Integrate storage with intermittent renewable energy production * Improve use of power-producing assets by storing energy during non-peak generation periods * Demonstrate benefits of using fast response energy storage to provide ancillary services for grid management * Verify that energy storage solutions can operate within the ERCOT market protocols * Demonstrate ramp control and Energy Storage System * Technology: Advanced lead-acid battery * OEM Partner - Xtreme Power (XP) * 36 MW / 24 MWh output * Modules housed in ~ 6,000 sq. ft. building Project Activities to Date * Site construction began December

456

Effects of spectral entanglement in polarization-entanglement swapping and type-I fusion gates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine how spectral entanglement in polarization-entangled photon states generated from bulk-crystal, spontaneous parametric down-conversion affects the success of entanglement swapping and type-I fusion gates. We quantify the success of the entanglement swapping and fusion gates by calculating the bipartite concurrence and residual tangle, respectively, in terms of the joint spectral probability amplitudes of the initial broad-bandwidth polarization-entangled states. We find that both polarization-entanglement measures depend strongly on the initial spectral entanglement, as well as on the configuration of the independent sources. Specifically, when spectral differences correlate with polarization, the optimal source configuration is different for the two protocols. We conclude that this distinction is founded in how the underlying Bell-state measurement and quantum-erasure techniques respond differently to distinguishing spectral information.

Travis S. Humble and Warren P. Grice

2008-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

457

Practical fast gate rate InGaAs/InP single-photon avalanche photodiodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a practical and easy-to-implement method for high-speed near infrared single-photon detection based on InGaAs/InP single-photon avalanche photodiodes (SPADs), combining aspects of both sine gating and self-differencing techniques. At a gating frequency of 921 MHz and temperature of -30 $^{\\circ}$C we achieve: a detection efficiency of 9.3 %, a dark count probability of 2.8$\\times10^{-6}$ ns$^{-1}$, while the afterpulse probability is 1.6$\\times10^{-4}$ ns$^{-1}$, with a 10 ns "count-off time" setting. In principle, the maximum count rate of the SPAD can approach 100 MHz, which can significantly improve the performance for diverse applications.

Jun Zhang; Rob Thew; Claudio Barreiro; Hugo Zbinden

2009-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

458

Double-metal-gate nanocrystalline Si thin film transistors with flexible threshold voltage controllability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We fabricated nano-crystalline Si (nc-Si:H) thin-film transistors (TFTs) with a double-metal-gate structure, which showed a high electron-mobility (?{sub FE}) and adjustable threshold voltages (V{sub th}). The nc-Si:H channel and source/drain (S/D) of the multilayered TFT were deposited at 375?°C by inductively coupled plasma chemical vapor deposition. The low grain-boundary defect density of the channel layer is responsible for the high ?{sub FE} of 370 cm{sup 2}/V-s, a steep subthreshold slope of 90?mV/decade, and a low V{sub th} of ?0.64?V. When biased with the double-gate driving mode, the device shows a tunable V{sub th} value extending from ?1?V up to 2.7?V.

Chiou, Uio-Pu; Pan, Fu-Ming, E-mail: fmpan@faculty.nctu.edu.tw [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu 30050, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu 30050, Taiwan (China); Shieh, Jia-Min, E-mail: jmshieh@narlabs.org.tw, E-mail: jmshieh@faculty.nctu.edu.tw [National Nano Device Laboratories, No. 26, Prosperity Road 1, Hsinchu 30078, Taiwan (China) [National Nano Device Laboratories, No. 26, Prosperity Road 1, Hsinchu 30078, Taiwan (China); Departments of Photonics and Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China); Yang, Chih-Chao [National Nano Device Laboratories, No. 26, Prosperity Road 1, Hsinchu 30078, Taiwan (China)] [National Nano Device Laboratories, No. 26, Prosperity Road 1, Hsinchu 30078, Taiwan (China); Huang, Wen-Hsien [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu 30050, Taiwan (China) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu 30050, Taiwan (China); National Nano Device Laboratories, No. 26, Prosperity Road 1, Hsinchu 30078, Taiwan (China); Kao, Yo-Tsung [Departments of Photonics and Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China)] [Departments of Photonics and Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China)

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

459

Gated x-ray framing camera image of a direct-drive cylindrical implosion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gated X-ray images of laser-driven implosions can provide movies of typically 16 frames with {approximately} 80 ps time resolution and 10 {micro}m spatial resolution. Cylindrical implosions allow study of convergent hydrodynamics but with excellent diagnostic access down the axis of the cylinder. This example from a recent cylindrical implosion campaign on the OMEGA laser provides quantitative data on the growth of ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities in convergent geometry.

Voss, S.A.; Barnes, C.W.; Oertel, J.A.; Watt, R.G. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)] [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Boehly, T.R.; Bradley, D.K.; Knauer, J.P.; Pien, G. [Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics] [Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Highly enhanced avalanche probability using sinusoidally-gated silicon avalanche photodiode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on visible light single photon detection using a sinusoidally-gated silicon avalanche photodiode. Detection efficiency of 70.6% was achieved at a wavelength of 520?nm when an electrically cooled silicon avalanche photodiode with a quantum efficiency of 72.4% was used, which implies that a photo-excited single charge carrier in a silicon avalanche photodiode can trigger a detectable avalanche (charge) signal with a probability of 97.6%.

Suzuki, Shingo; Namekata, Naoto, E-mail: nnao@phys.cst.nihon-u.ac.jp; Inoue, Shuichiro [Institute of Quantum Science, Nihon University, 1-8-14 Kanda-Surugadai, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8308 (Japan); Tsujino, Kenji [Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8666 (Japan)

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Modeling the current behavior of the digital BiCMOS gate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CMOS gate showing the pull-up and pull-down sections 6 Schematics of the pull-up section Pull-up equivalent circuit model . Equivalent circuit model 10 Simplified equivalent circuit model Equivalent circuit model neglecting ATF Collector current... with ATF effect vs without ATF effect 14 Modified circuit model 16 10 Comparison of this work versus SPICE simulation Typical collector current response 17 12 13 Equivalent circuit for 0 ? t0 Equivalent circuit after t0 21 14 Base current...

Tang, Zhilong

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Case Studies on Variation Tolerant and Low Power Design Using Planar Asymmetric Double Gate Transistor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

new circuit topology for IGFET, which on average shows 33.8% lower leakage and 34.9% lower area at the cost of 2.8% increase in total active mode power, for basic logic gates. Finally, we showed a technique for reducing leakage of minimum sized... ????????????????????????????????????????????????? 5 III.1 Power-delay product for FO4 inverter ????????????????????????????????????? 12 III.2 Power-delay product for 51 Stage ring oscillator ??????????????????????????? 12 IV.1 Delay distribution histogram...

Singh, Amrinder

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

463

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Engineered Gate Oxides for Wide Bandgap Semiconductor MOSFETs - Jon Ihlefeld, SNL  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

-5 -5 10 -4 10 -3 10 -2 10 -1 10 0 10 1 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 |J Leakage | (A-cm -2 ) Semiconductor Voltage (V) Engineered Gate Oxides for Wide Bandgap S emiconductor M OSFETs* Jon I hlefeld, M ichael B rumbach, S andeepan D asGupta, and Stanley AtciEy Sandia NaGonal Laboratories *Sponsored b y t he U .S. D epartment o f E nergy's O ffice o f E lectricity E nergy S torage Systems P rogram jihlefe@sandia.gov, 505---844---3162; s atciE@sandia.gov, 505---284---2701 Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. SAND No. 2011-XXXXP Cooling Power electronics Energy storage Energy storage -V gate Low defect oxide Metal gate Wide

464

Optimum performance investigation of LYSO crystal pixels: A comparison between GATE simulation and experimental data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monte Carlo simulation plays an important role in the study of time of flight (TOF) positron emission tomography (PET) prototype. As it can incorporate accurate physical modeling of scintillation detection process, from scintillation light generation, the transport of scintillation photos through the crystal(s), to the conversion of these photons into electronic signals. The Geant4 based simulation software GATE can provide a user-friendly simulation platform containing the properties needed. In this work, we developed a dedicated module in GATE simulation tool. Using this module, we simulated the light yield, energy resolution, time resolution of LYSO pixels with the same cross-section ($4\\times4 mm^{2}$) of different lengths: 5 mm, 10 mm, 15 mm, 20 mm, 25 mm, coupled to a PMT. The experiments were performed to validate the GATE simulation results. The results indicate that the best time resolution (484.0$\\pm$67.5 ps) and energy resolution (13.3$\\pm$0.4 %) could be produced by using pixel with length of 5 mm...

Chen, Ze; Chen, Jin-Da; Zhang, Xiu-Ling; Sun, Zhi-Yu; Huang, Wen-Xue; Wang, Jian-Song; Guo, Zhong-Yan; Xiao, Guo-Qing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Optimum performance investigation of LYSO crystal pixels: A comparison between GATE simulation and experimental data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monte Carlo simulation plays an important role in the study of time of flight (TOF) positron emission tomography (PET) prototype. As it can incorporate accurate physical modeling of scintillation detection process, from scintillation light generation, the transport of scintillation photos through the crystal(s), to the conversion of these photons into electronic signals. The Geant4 based simulation software GATE can provide a user-friendly simulation platform containing the properties needed. In this work, we developed a dedicated module in GATE simulation tool. Using this module, we simulated the light yield, energy resolution, time resolution of LYSO pixels with the same cross-section ($4\\times4 mm^{2}$) of different lengths: 5 mm, 10 mm, 15 mm, 20 mm, 25 mm, coupled to a PMT. The experiments were performed to validate the GATE simulation results. The results indicate that the best time resolution (484.0$\\pm$67.5 ps) and energy resolution (13.3$\\pm$0.4 %) could be produced by using pixel with length of 5 mm. The module can also be applied to other cases for precisely simulating optical photons propagating in scintillators.

Ze Chen; Zheng-Guo Hu; Jin-Da Chen; Xiu-Ling Zhang; Zhi-Yu Sun; Wen-Xue Huang; Jian-Song Wang; Zhong-Yan Guo; Guo-Qing Xiao

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

466

A large Bradbury Nielsen ion gate with flexible wire spacing based on photo-etched stainless steel grids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bradbury Nielsen gates are well known devices used to switch ion beams and are typically applied in mass or mobility spectrometers for separating beam constituents by their different flight or drift times. A Bradbury Nielsen gate consists of two interleaved sets of electrodes. If opposite polarity of the same amplitude is applied the gate is closed, and for identical (zero) potential the gate is open. Whereas former realizations of the device employ actual wires resulting in difficulties with winding, fixing and tensioning them, our approach is to use two grids photo-etched onto a metallic foil. This design allows for simplified construction of gates covering large beam sizes up to at least 900\\,mm$^2$ with variable wire spacing down to 250\\,\\textmu m. By changing the grids the wire spacing can be varied without major changes. A gate of this design was installed and systematically tested at TRIUMF's ion trap facility, TITAN, for use with radioactive beams to separate isobaric contamination of charge states.

Brunner, T; O'Sullivan, K; Simon, M C; Kossick, M; Ettenauer, S; Gallant, A T; Mané, E; Bishop, D; Good, M; Gratta, G; Dilling, J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Poly(methyl methacrylate) as a self-assembled gate dielectric for graphene field-effect transistors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) as a low thermal budget organic gate dielectric for graphene field effect-transistors (GFETs) based on a simple process flow. We show that high temperature baking steps above the glass transition temperature (?130?°C) can leave a self-assembled, thin PMMA film on graphene, where we get a gate dielectric almost for “free” without additional atomic layer deposition type steps. Electrical characterization of GFETs with PMMA as a gate dielectric yields a dielectric constant of k?=?3.0. GFETs with thinner PMMA dielectrics have a lower dielectric constant due to decreased polarization arising from neutralization of dipoles and charged carriers as baking temperatures increase. The leakage through PMMA gate dielectric increases with decreasing dielectric thickness and increasing electric field. Unlike conventional high-k gate dielectrics, such low-k organic gate dielectrics are potentially attractive for devices such as the proposed Bilayer pseudoSpin Field-Effect Transistor or flexible high speed graphene electronics.

Sanne, A.; Movva, H. C. P.; Kang, S.; McClellan, C.; Corbet, C. M.; Banerjee, S. K. [Microelectronics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78758 (United States)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

468

Design and optimisation of quantum logic circuits for a three-qubit Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm implemented with optically-controlled, solid-state quantum logic gates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyse the design and optimisation of quantum logic circuits suitable for the experimental demonstration of a three-qubit quantum computation prototype based on optically-controlled, solid-state quantum logic gates. In these gates, the interaction between two qubits carried by the electron-spin of donors is mediated by the optical excitation of a control particle placed in their proximity. First, we use a geometrical approach for analysing the entangling characteristics of these quantum gates. Then, using a genetic programming algorithm, we develop circuits for the refined Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm investigating different strategies for obtaining short total computational times. We test two separate approaches based on using different sets of entangling gates with the shortest possible gate computation time which, however, does not introduce leakage of quantum information to the control particles. The first set exploits fast approximations of controlled-phase gates as entangling gates, while the other one arbitrary entangling gates with a shorter gate computation time compared to the first set. We have identified circuits with consistently shorter total computation times when using controlled-phase gates.

A. Del Duce; S. Savory; P. Bayvel

2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

469

Respiration Induced Heart Motion and Indications of Gated Delivery for Left-Sided Breast Irradiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To investigate respiration-induced heart motion for left-sided breast irradiation using a four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) technique and to determine novel indications to assess heart motion and identify breast patients who may benefit from a gated treatment. Methods and Materials: Images of 4DCT acquired during free breathing for 20 left-sided breast cancer patients, who underwent whole breast irradiation with or without regional nodal irradiation, were analyzed retrospectively. Dose distributions were reconstructed in the phases of 0%, 20%, and 50%. The intrafractional heart displacement was measured in three selected transverse CT slices using D{sub LAD} (the distance from left ascending aorta to a fixed line [connecting middle point of sternum and the body] drawn on each slice) and maximum heart depth (MHD, the distance of the forefront of the heart to the line). Linear regression analysis was used to correlate these indices with mean heart dose and heart dose volume at different breathing phases. Results: Respiration-induced heart displacement resulted in observable variations in dose delivered to the heart. During a normal free-breathing cycle, heart-induced motion D{sub LAD} and MHD changed up to 9 and 11 mm respectively, resulting in up to 38% and 39% increases of mean doses and V{sub 25.2} for the heart. MHD and D{sub LAD} were positively correlated with mean heart dose and heart dose volume. Respiratory-adapted gated treatment may better spare heart and ipsilateral-lung compared with the conventional non-gated plan in a subset of patients with large D{sub LAD} or MHD variations. Conclusion: Proposed indices offer novel assessment of heart displacement based on 4DCT images. MHD and D{sub LAD} can be used independently or jointly as selection criteria for respiratory gating procedure before treatment planning. Patients with great intrafractional MHD variations or tumor(s) close to the diaphragm may particularly benefit from the gated treatment.

Qi, X. Sharon, E-mail: xiangrong.qi@ucdenver.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO (United States); Hu, Angela [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO (United States); Wang Kai [Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Newman, Francis [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO (United States); Crosby, Marcus; Hu Bin; White, Julia; Li, X. Allen [Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Implementation of controlled phase shift gates and Collins version of Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm on a quadrupolar spin-7/2 nucleus using non-adiabatic geometric phases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work Controlled phase shift gates are implemented on a qaudrupolar system, by using non-adiabatic geometric phases. A general procedure is given, for implementing controlled phase shift gates in an 'N' level system. The utility of such controlled phase shift gates, is demonstrated here by implementing 3-qubit Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm on a 7/2 quadrupolar nucleus oriented in a liquid crystal matrix.

T. Gopinath; Anil Kumar

2009-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

471

Patient radiation dose in prospectively gated axial CT coronary angiography and retrospectively gated helical technique with a 320-detector row CT scanner  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate radiation dose to patients undergoing computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) for prospectively gated axial (PGA) technique and retrospectively gated helical (RGH) technique. Methods: Radiation doses were measured for a 320-detector row CT scanner (Toshiba Aquilion ONE) using small sized silicon-photodiode dosimeters, which were implanted at various tissue and organ positions within an anthropomorphic phantom for a standard Japanese adult male. Output signals from photodiode dosimeters were read out on a personal computer, from which organ and effective doses were computed according to guidelines published in the International Commission on Radiological Protection Publication 103. Results: Organs that received high doses were breast, followed by lung, esophagus, and liver. Breast doses obtained with PGA technique and a phase window width of 16% at a simulated heart rate of 60 beats per minute were 13 mGy compared to 53 mGy with RGH technique using electrocardiographically dependent dose modulation at the same phase window width as that in PGA technique. Effective doses obtained in this case were 4.7 and 20 mSv for the PGA and RGH techniques, respectively. Conversion factors of dose length product to the effective dose in PGA and RGH were 0.022 and 0.025 mSv mGy{sup -1} cm{sup -1} with a scan length of 140 mm. Conclusions: CTCA performed with PGA technique provided a substantial effective dose reduction, i.e., 70%-76%, compared to RGH technique using the dose modulation at the same phase windows as those in PGA technique. Though radiation doses in CTCA with RGH technique were the same level as, or some higher than, those in conventional coronary angiography (CCA), the use of PGA technique reduced organ and effective doses to levels less than CCA except for breast dose.

Seguchi, Shigenobu; Aoyama, Takahiko; Koyama, Shuji; Fujii, Keisuke; Yamauchi-Kawaura, Chiyo [Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University, Daikominami, Higashi-ku, Nagoya 461-8673 (Japan) and Department of Medical Technology, Nagoya Daini Red Cross Hospital, Myouken-chou, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8650 (Japan); Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University, Daikominami, Higashi-ku, Nagoya 461-8673 (Japan); Section of Radiological Protection, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University, Daikominami, Higashi-ku, Nagoya 461-8673 (Japan)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

Analytical expressions for the gate utilization factors of passive multiplicity counters including signal build-up  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the realm of nuclear safeguards, passive neutron multiplicity counting using shift register pulse train analysis to nondestructively quantify Pu in product materials is a familiar and widely applied technique. The approach most commonly taken is to construct a neutron detector consisting of {sup 3}He filled cylindrical proportional counters embedded in a high density polyethylene moderator. Fast neutrons from the item enter the moderator and are quickly slowed down, on timescales of the order of 1-2 {micro}s, creating a thermal population which then persists typically for several 10's {micro}s and is sampled by the {sup 3}He detectors. Because the initial transient is of comparatively short duration it has been traditional to treat it as instantaneous and furthermore to approximate the subsequent capture time distribution as exponential in shape. With these approximations simple expressions for the various Gate Utilization Factors (GUFs) can be obtained. These factors represent the proportion of time correlated events i.e. Doubles and Triples signal present in the pulse train that is detected by the coincidence gate structure chosen (predelay and gate width settings of the multiplicity shift register). More complicated expressions can be derived by generalizing the capture time distribution to multiple time components or harmonics typically present in real systems. When it comes to applying passive neutron multiplicity methods to extremely intense (i.e. high emission rate and highly multiplying) neutron sources there is a drive to use detector types with very fast response characteristics in order to cope with the high rates. In addition to short pulse width, detectors with a short capture time profile are also desirable so that a short coincidence gate width can be set in order to reduce the chance or Accidental coincidence signal. In extreme cases, such as might be realized using boron loaded scintillators, the dieaway time may be so short that the build-up (thermalization transient) within the detector cannot be ignored. Another example where signal build-up might be observed is when a {sup 3}He based system is used to track the evolution of the time correlated signal created by a higher multiplying item within a reflective configuration such as the measurement of a spent fuel assembly. In this work we develop expressions for the GUFs which include signal build-up.

Croft, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Evans, Louise G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Schear, Melissa A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Universal conductance fluctuations in electrolyte-gated SrTiO{sub 3} nanostructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report low-temperature magnetoconductance measurements of a patterned two-dimensional electron system at the surface of strontium titanate, gated by an ionic liquid electrolyte. We observe universal conductance fluctuations, a signature of phase-coherent transport in mesoscopic devices. From the universal conductance fluctuations, we extract an electron dephasing rate linear in temperature, characteristic of electron-electron interaction in a disordered conductor. The dephasing rate has a temperature-independent offset, which could possibly be explained by the presence of unscreened local magnetic moments in the sample.

Stanwyck, Sam W. [Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)] [Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Gallagher, P.; Williams, J. R.; Goldhaber-Gordon, David [Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

474

Simple Template-Based Method to Produce Bradbury-Nielsen Gates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Bradbury-Nielsen gate (BNG) consists of two interleaved and electrically isolated sets of wires and can transmit or deflect charged particles by applying a varying voltage difference across the two wire sets. We present a simple template-based method to fabricate \\{BNGs\\} with wire spacings as small as 50 ?m with minimal use of a microscope. The small wire spacing allows modulation rates at tens of megahertz. Using this method, we have fabricated four \\{BNGs\\} with wire spacings of 500, 200, 100, and 50 ?m using 10 ?m gold-coated tungsten wires. The performance of the four \\{BNGs\\} is characterized using an imaging detector and compared with theoretical predictions.

Oh Kyu Yoon; Ignacio A. Zuleta; Matthew D. Robbins; Griffin K. Barbula; Richard N. Zare

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

As you prepare for your upcoming beam time, please be aware that construction is planned to update SLAC Gate 17 with RFID proximity card access hardware and to change the stairs next to the Security hut to an ADA compliant ramp. Please forward this to your proposal collaborators (and ensure that all users have registered and completed training before they arrive). This construction is scheduled to begin Tuesday 5/28 and be completed by 6/28. During this construction, access to the LCLS and SSRL buildings and experimental facilities will be provided as follows: VEHICLES ONLY THROUGH GATE 17 5/28-6/28 0600-1530 (6 am-3:30 pm) Construction Zone. Only VEHICLE traffic will be allowed access through Gate 17 and flagman will provide traffic control. 1530-1800 (3:30-6:00 pm) Assumes construction will have stopped for the day; both traffic lanes will be open for vehicles. 1800-0600 (6 pm-6 am) As now, Gate 17 will be closed or barricaded overnight. PEDESTRIANS ONLY THROUGH GATE 16 5/28-6/28 The pedestrian turnstile at Gate 16A will not change. The turnstile is available for pedestrian use 24/7 as long as the individual has a valid SLAC ID badge (and there is a guard at Gate 30 to 'buzz' them through). 0700-1600 (6 am-4 pm) Pedestrians who would normally walk through Gate 17 will instead follow the detour to Gate 16 swing gate which will be unlocked and staffed by Security. A valid SLAC ID badge is needed to enter; new users without IDs will be allowed to proceed for check-in and badging after confirmation with the User Research Administration Office (see detour map attached). FYI - After the construction is completed and proximity card readers are fully functional, users and staff will enter Gates 17 and 30 using an activated RFID proximity card. More details to follow.  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Automated Proximity Access at Gate 17 and Sector 30 Automated Proximity Access at Gate 17 and Sector 30 New SLAC ID badges with embedded RFID are used to activate these gates and for off-hours access at the main entrance off Sand Hill Road as well as Alpine Road (gates will be accessible 24/7) . New user badges include this proximity gate activation feature, but older photo IDs need to be updated. Users are advised to register, complete training and contact the User Research Administration (URA) office before arrival for beam time to help facilitate access. During the transition period, July 26-August 9, 2013 users can inform Security at Gate 17 that they are checking in and proceed to the URA office in Building 120; however, after August 9 th , users without a proximity activated ID need to stop at

476

S. 522: A Bill to provide for a limited exemption to the hydroelectric licensing provisions of part I of the Federal Power Act for certain transmission facilities associated with the El Vado Hydroelectric Project in New Mexico. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First session  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses a bill that provides for a limited exemption to part I of the Federal Power Act dealing with the hydroelectric licensing provisions for certain transmission facilities associated with the El Vado Hydroelectric project in New Mexico.

NONE

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

477

Introduction to the Summit Session, "Leading Perspectives in Energy Research", from the Director of the DOE Office of Science, Bill Brinkman (2011 EFRC Summit)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

In this video Bill Brinkman, Director of DOE's Office of Science, introduces the session, "Leading Perspectives in Energy Research," at the 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum. During the introduction of the senior representatives from both the public and private sector, Dr. Brinkman explained the motivation for creating the Energy Frontiers Research Centers program. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several ?grand challenges? and use-inspired ?basic research needs? recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

Brinkman, Bill (Director, DOE Office of Science)

2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

478

Temperature dependence of a high- T c single-flux-quantum logic gate up to 50 K  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Basic characteristics of a simple single-flux-quantum (SFQ) logic gate using high- T c material and Josephson junction ( NdBa 2 Cu 3 O 7?? and focused ion beamjunction) have been investigated. The logic gate consists of an rf-superconducting quantum interference device (rf-SQUID) and a dc-SQUID. In the logic gate elementary SFQ logic operations such as generating SFQ (dc/SFQ) and providing simultaneous readout (SFQ/dc) have been confirmed up to 50 K. The temperature dependencies of the output voltage level and the critical current-normal resistance (I c R n ) product were compared and the decreasing tendency of the output voltage level for increasing temperature was found to be more rapid than that of the I c R n product.

Kazuo Saitoh; Tadashi Utagawa; Youichi Enomoto

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Electron Transport Behavior on Gate Length Scaling in Sub-50 nm GaAs Metal Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Short channel GaAs Metal Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors (MESFETs) have been fabricated with gate length to 20 nm, in order to examine the characteristics of sub-50 nm MESFET scaling. Here the rise in the measured transconductance is mainly attributed to electron velocity overshoot. For gate lengths below 40 nm, however, the transconductance drops suddenly. The behavior of velocity overshoot and its degradation is investigated and simulated by using a transport model based on the retarded Langevin equation (RLE). This indicates the existence of a minimum acceleration length needed for the carriers to reach the overshoot velocity. The argument shows that the source resistance must be included as an internal element, or appropriate boundary condition, of relative importance in any model where the gate length is comparable to the inelastic mean free path of the carriers.

Han, Jaeheon [Department of Electronic Engineering, Kangnam University, 111 Gugal-dong, Giheung-gu, Yongin-city, Gyeonggi-do, Korea 446-702 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

480

Gate Metal-Induced Diffusion and Interface Reactions in Hf Oxide Films on Si  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When metal electrodes are deposited on a high-{kappa} metal-oxide/SiO{sub 2}/Si stack, chemical interactions may occur both at the metal/high-{kappa} and the high-{kappa}/Si interfaces, causing changes in electrical performance. We report here results from medium energy ion scattering (MEIS) and x-ray photoelectron (XPS) studies of oxygen and silicon transport and interfacial layer reactions in multilayer gate stacks. Our results show that Ti deposition on HfO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2}/Si stacks causes reduction of the SiO{sub 2} interfacial layer and (to a lesser extent) the HfO{sub 2} layer. Silicon atoms initially present in the interfacial SiO{sub 2} layer incorporate into the bottom of the high-{kappa} layer. Some evidence for titanium-silicon interdiffusion through the high-{kappa} film in the presence of a titanium gate in crystalline HfO{sub 2} films is also reported.

Goncharova, Lyudmila V.; Dalponte, Mateus; Celik, Ozgur; Garfunkel, Eric; Gustafsson, Torgny [Departments of Physics and Chemistry, and Laboratory for Surface Modification, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States); Lysaght, Pat S.; Bersuker, Gennadi I. [Sematech, Austin, Texas 78741 (United States)

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "incandela bill gates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Structure of a Blm10 Complex Reveals Common Mechanisms for Proteasome Binding and Gate Opening  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proteasome is an abundant protease that is critically important for numerous cellular pathways. Proteasomes are activated in vitro by three known classes of proteins/complexes, including Blm10/PA200. Here, we report a 3.4 {angstrom} resolution crystal structure of a proteasome-Blm10 complex, which reveals that Blm10 surrounds the proteasome entry pore in the 1.2 MDa complex to form a largely closed dome that is expected to restrict access of potential substrates. This architecture and the observation that Blm10 induces a disordered proteasome gate structure challenge the assumption that Blm10 functions as an activator of proteolysis in vivo. The Blm10 C terminus binds in the same manner as seen for 11S activators and inferred for 19S/PAN activators and indicates a unified model for gate opening. We also demonstrate that Blm10 acts to maintain mitochondrial function. Consistent with the structural data, the C-terminal residues of Blm10 are needed for this activity.

Sadre-Bazzaz, K.; Robinson, H.; Whitby, F. G.; Formosa, T.; Hill, C. P.

2010-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

482

Image enhancement using a range gated MCPII video system with a 180-ps FWHM shutter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The video image of a target submerged in a scattering medium was improved through the use of range gating techniques. The target, an Air Force resolution chart, was submerged in 18 in. of a colloidal suspension of tincture green soap in water. The target was illuminated with pulsed light from a Raman shifted, frequency-doubled, ND:YAG laser having a wavelength of 559 mm and a width of 20 ps FWHM. The laser light reflected by the target along with the light scattered by the soap, was imaged onto a microchannel-plate image intensifier (MCPII). The output from the MCPII was then recorded with a RS-170 video camera and a video digitizer. The MCPII was gated on with a pulse synchronously timed to the laser pulse. The relative timing between the reflected laser pulse and the shuttering of the MCPII determined the distance to the imaged region. The resolution of the image was influenced by the MCPII`s shutter time. A comparison was made between the resolution of images obtained with 6 ns, 500 ps and 180 ps FWHM (8 ns, 750 ps and 250 ps off-to-off) shutter times. it was found that the image resolution was enhanced by using the faster shutter since the longer exposures allowed light scattered by the water to be recorded too. The presence of scattered light in the image increased the noise, thereby reducing the contrast and the resolution.

Thomas, M.C. [Special Technologies Laboratory, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); Yates, G.J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Zadgarino, P. [Sharpenit, Ellwood, CA (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

The elusive hair cell gating spring, a potential role for the lipid membrane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Deflection of auditory hair cell hair bundle results in a nonlinear (i.e. non Hookean) force-displacement relationships whose molecular mechanism remains elusive. A gating spring model posits that mechanosensitive channels are in series with a spring such that channel opening puts the activation gate in series with the spring thus reducing spring extension until further stimulation is provided. Here we present a theoretical analysis of whether the lipid membrane might be the source of nonlinearity. A hair bundle kinematic model is coupled with a lipid membrane model that includes a diffusible compartment into which the tip-link embeds and a minimally diffusive reservoir pool. Using physiological parameters this model was capable of reproducing nonlinear force-displacement plots including a negative stiffness component but required a standing tip-link tension. In addition this model suggests the mechanotransducer channel is most sensitive to curvature forces that are located within 2 nm of the tip-link. [Work supported in part by Grant Nos. R01-DC07910 and R01-DC03896 from the NIDCD of NIH and by The Timoshenko fund from Mechanical Engineering Department at Stanford University].

Charles R. Steele; Sunil Puria

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

In Proceedings of the 8th IEEE International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence, Toulouse, France, 1996. GATE: An Environment to Support Research and Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

describe a software environment to support research and development in natural language (NL) engineering, Toulouse, France, 1996. GATE: An Environment to Support Research and Development in Natural Language. This environment ­ GATE (General Architecture for Text Engineering) ­ aims to advance research in the area

Gaizauskas, Rob

485

In Proceedings of the 8th IEEE International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence, Toulouse, France, 1996. GATE: An Environment to Support Research and Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

describe a software environment to support research and development in natural language (NL) engineering, Toulouse, France, 1996. GATE: An Environment to Support Research and Development in Natural Language. This environment -- GATE (General Architecture for Text Engineering) -- aims to advance research in the area

Gaizauskas, Rob

486

Modulation of conductance and superconductivity by top-gating in LaAlO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3} 2-dimensional electron systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the electrical top-gating of a 2-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) formed at the LaAlO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3} interface, using electron-beam evaporated Au gate electrodes. In these structures, epitaxial LaAlO{sub 3} films grown by pulsed laser deposition induce the 2DEGs at the interface to the SrTiO{sub 3} substrate and simultaneously act as the gate dielectric. The structured top-gates enable a local tuning and complete on/off switching of the interface (super-)conductivity, while maintaining the usual, intrinsic characteristics for these LaAlO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3} interfaces when no gate voltage is applied.

Eerkes, P. D.; Wiel, W. G. van der; Hilgenkamp, H. [MESA Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede (Netherlands)] [MESA Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede (Netherlands)

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

487

Assesment of Riverbed Change Due to the Operation of a Series of Gates in a Natural River  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Mesh .............................................................. 87 Figure 63 Study Area in 2-D Model ......................................................................... 88 viii Figure 64 Comparison of Cross Sections between 1-D... Characteristics from Estuary to Bakje Weir ........................... 123 Figure 88 Temporal Comparison of Hydraulic Characteristics ............................... 125 Figure 89 Mass Change from Sejong Weir to Daechung Dam by Gate Operation . 129...

Kim, Zooho

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

488

The role of oxygen in hydrogen sensing by a platinum-gate silicon carbide gas sensor: An ultrahigh vacuum study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The role of oxygen in hydrogen sensing by a platinum-gate silicon carbide gas sensor: An ultrahigh conditions that elucidate the role of oxygen in the functioning of silicon carbide field-effect gas sensors hydrogen-depleted state; competition between hydrogen oxidation and hydrogen diffusion to metal/ oxide

Tobin, Roger G.

489

Abstract--Bias temperature instability, hot-carrier injection, and gate-oxide wearout will cause severe lifetime degradation in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract--Bias temperature instability, hot-carrier injection, and gate-oxide wearout will cause mechanisms are bias temperature instability (BTI) [1] and hot-carrier injection (HCI) [2], both of which can is compounded by thermal feedback, since active devices located at die hot spots operate at an elevated

Lipasti, Mikko H.

490

International Conference on Internet Computing. Las Vegas, Nevada, p. 620 626. 23 26 June MONSTERS AT THE GATE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, (2) Web agents are searching for a wide variety of information, with 60% of the terms used being: terms exactly as entered by the given user. Data Analysis With these three fields, we located initial June 2003. MONSTERS AT THE GATE: WHEN SOFTBOTS VISIT WEB SEARCH ENGINES Bernard J. Jansen and Amanda S

Jansen, James

491

Drug Release from Self-Assembled Inorganic?Organic Hybrid Gels and Gated Porosity Detected by Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Drug Release from Self-Assembled Inorganic?Organic Hybrid Gels and Gated Porosity Detected by Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy ... Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Münster, Corrensstrasse 36, 48149 Münster, Germany, CSIRO Manufacturing and Infrastructure Technology, Victoria, Australia, and School of Chemistry, Monash University, Clayton Victoria, Australia ...

Ansgar Bögershausen; Steven J. Pas; Anita J. Hill; Hubert Koller

2006-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

492

Voltage-and calcium-dependent gating of TMEM16A/Ano1 chloride channels are physically  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Voltage- and calcium-dependent gating of TMEM16A/Ano1 chloride channels are physically coupled by the first intracellular loop Qinghuan Xiaoa , Kuai Yua , Patricia Perez-Cornejob , Yuanyuan Cuia , Jorge in the first intracellular loop that is crucial for both Ca2+ and voltage sensing. Deleting 448EAVK

493

Test Set Reordering Using the Gate Exhaustive Test Metric Kyoung Youn Cho and Edward J. McCluskey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Test Set Reordering Using the Gate Exhaustive Test Metric Kyoung Youn Cho and Edward J. Mc kycho@crc.stanford.edu Abstract When a test set size is larger than desired, some patterns must be dropped. This paper presents a systematic method to reduce test set size; the method reorders a test set

Stanford University

494

IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS, VOL. 29, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2008 183 Externally Assembled Gate-All-Around Carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-All-Around Carbon Nanotube Field-Effect Transistor Zhihong Chen, Member, IEEE, Damon Farmer, Sheng Xu, Roy Gordon USA (e-mail: zchen@us.ibm.com; avouris@ us.ibm.com). D. Farmer is with the School of Engineering demonstrate a gate-all-around single- wall carbon nanotube field-effect transistor. This is the first suc

495

210 nature neuroscience volume 5 no 3 march 2002 Calcium entry into cells through voltage-gated Ca2+ channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

voltage-gated Ca2+ channels initiates a wide range of cellular processes including protein phosphorylation, gene expression and neurotransmitter release1. Neuronal Ca2+ channels consist of a pore-forming 1 by neurotransmitters inhibits Cav2.1 and Cav2.2 channels, which mediate P/Q-type and N- type Ca2+ currents

Palczewski, Krzysztof

496

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 31 AUGUST 2014 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS3049 Gate-tunable superconducting weak link and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to control transmission across the device, and conductance measurements are carried out with standard lock Lee, James R. Williams and David Goldhaber-Gordon* Two-dimensional electron systems in gallium they are easily modulated by voltages on nanopatterned gate electrodes. Electron systems at oxide interfaces hold

Loss, Daniel

497

Dirac point and transconductance of top-gated graphene field-effect transistors operating at elevated temperature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Top-gated graphene field-effect transistors (GFETs) have been fabricated using bilayer epitaxial graphene grown on the Si-face of 4H-SiC substrates by thermal decomposition of silicon carbide in high vacuum. Graphene films were characterized by Raman spectroscopy, Atomic Force Microscopy, Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy, and Hall measurements to estimate graphene thickness, morphology, and charge transport properties. A 27?nm thick Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} gate dielectric was grown by atomic layer deposition with an e-beam evaporated Al seed layer. Electrical characterization of the GFETs has been performed at operating temperatures up to 100?°C limited by deterioration of the gate dielectric performance at higher temperatures. Devices displayed stable operation with the gate oxide dielectric strength exceeding 4.5 MV/cm at 100?°C. Significant shifting of the charge neutrality point and an increase of the peak transconductance were observed in the GFETs as the operating temperature was elevated from room temperature to 100?°C.

Hopf, T.; Vassilevski, K. V., E-mail: k.vasilevskiy@ncl.ac.uk; Escobedo-Cousin, E.; King, P. J.; Wright, N. G.; O'Neill, A. G.; Horsfall, A. B.; Goss, J. P. [School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU (United Kingdom); Wells, G. H.; Hunt, M. R. C. [Department of Physics, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

498

High-speed and bi-stable electrolysis-bubble actuated planar micro gate valves are demonstrated in this paper.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUMMARY High-speed and bi-stable electrolysis-bubble actuated planar micro gate valves are demonstrated in this paper. The speed of previous low power planar microvalves was limited by the bubble collapse process. In addition bi-stability was unreliable. In this work, surface tension is used

Liepmann, Dorian

499

Role of hydrogen in Ge/HfO2/Al gate stacks subjected to negative bias temperature instability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Role of hydrogen in Ge/HfO2/Al gate stacks subjected to negative bias temperature instability N 2007; published online 17 January 2008 This work investigates the role of hydrogen and nitrogen in a Ge. Virtually unchanged interface state density as a function of NBTI indicates no atomic hydrogen release from

Misra, Durgamadhab "Durga"

500

Posters Single-Column Model and Cumulus Ensemble Model Simulations of GATE Data  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 3 Posters Single-Column Model and Cumulus Ensemble Model Simulations of GATE Data D. A. Randall and K.-M Xu Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science Fort Collins, Colorado Introduction Our project for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program consists of developing and demonstrating improved cloud formation parameterizations using a single-column model (SCM), a cumulus ensemble model (CEM), and ARM data. These two models can be driven with large-scale forcing (e.g., vertical motion) as observed in ARM. Each model produces a field of clouds and the associated radiation and precipitation fields. The SCM does so through its physical parameterizations, while the CEM does so by directly simulating convective cloud circulations. The improved parameterizations tested in this way will be