National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for in-plane circular configuration

  1. Pulsed-microwave-induced thermoacoustic tomography: Filtered backprojection in a circular measurement configuration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Lihong

    Pulsed-microwave-induced thermoacoustic tomography: Filtered backprojection in a circular-microwave-induced thermoacoustic tomography in biological tissues is pre- sented. A filtered backprojection algorithm based on rigorous theory is used to reconstruct the cross-sectional image from a thermoacoustic measurement

  2. Configuration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAuditsCluster Compatibilitydefault ChangesORNL'sConfiguration Configuration

  3. Configuration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAuditsCluster Compatibilitydefault ChangesORNL'sConfiguration Configuration

  4. Configuration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAuditsCluster Compatibilitydefault ChangesORNL'sConfigurationConfiguration

  5. Configuration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAuditsCluster Compatibilitydefault ChangesORNL'sConfiguration

  6. Circular, confined distribution for charged particle beams

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Garnett, Robert W. (Los Alamos, NM); Dobelbower, M. Christian (Toledo, OH)

    1995-01-01

    A charged particle beam line is formed with magnetic optics that manipulate the charged particle beam to form the beam having a generally rectangular configuration to a circular beam cross-section having a uniform particle distribution at a predetermined location. First magnetic optics form a charged particle beam to a generally uniform particle distribution over a square planar area at a known first location. Second magnetic optics receive the charged particle beam with the generally square configuration and affect the charged particle beam to output the charged particle beam with a phase-space distribution effective to fold corner portions of the beam toward the core region of the beam. The beam forms a circular configuration having a generally uniform spatial particle distribution over a target area at a predetermined second location.

  7. Circular, confined distribution for charged particle beams

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Garnett, R.W.; Dobelbower, M.C.

    1995-11-21

    A charged particle beam line is formed with magnetic optics that manipulate the charged particle beam to form the beam having a generally rectangular configuration to a circular beam cross-section having a uniform particle distribution at a predetermined location. First magnetic optics form a charged particle beam to a generally uniform particle distribution over a square planar area at a known first location. Second magnetic optics receive the charged particle beam with the generally square configuration and affect the charged particle beam to output the charged particle beam with a phase-space distribution effective to fold corner portions of the beam toward the core region of the beam. The beam forms a circular configuration having a generally uniform spatial particle distribution over a target area at a predetermined second location. 26 figs.

  8. Module Configuration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Oweis, Salah (Ellicott City, MD); D'Ussel, Louis (Bordeaux, FR); Chagnon, Guy (Cockeysville, MD); Zuhowski, Michael (Annapolis, MD); Sack, Tim (Cockeysville, MD); Laucournet, Gaullume (Paris, FR); Jackson, Edward J. (Taneytown, MD)

    2002-06-04

    A stand alone battery module including: (a) a mechanical configuration; (b) a thermal management configuration; (c) an electrical connection configuration; and (d) an electronics configuration. Such a module is fully interchangeable in a battery pack assembly, mechanically, from the thermal management point of view, and electrically. With the same hardware, the module can accommodate different cell sizes and, therefore, can easily have different capacities. The module structure is designed to accommodate the electronics monitoring, protection, and printed wiring assembly boards (PWAs), as well as to allow airflow through the module. A plurality of modules may easily be connected together to form a battery pack. The parts of the module are designed to facilitate their manufacture and assembly.

  9. Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular More Documents &...

  10. In-plane orientation effects on the electronic structure stability...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    effects on the electronic structure stability and Raman scattering of monolayer graphene on Ir(111). Citation Details In-Document Search Title: In-plane orientation effects...

  11. Configurations The

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAuditsCluster Compatibilitydefaultin Testing Configurations The PSEL's

  12. Realizing in-plane surface diffraction by x-ray multiple-beam diffraction with large incidence angle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Xian-Rong Gog, Thomas; Assoufid, Lahsen; Peng, Ru-Wen; Siddons, D. P.

    2014-11-03

    Based on rigorous dynamical-theory calculations, we demonstrate the principle of an x-ray multiple-beam diffraction (MBD) scheme that overcomes the long-lasting difficulties of high-resolution in-plane diffraction from crystal surfaces. This scheme only utilizes symmetric reflection geometry with large incident angles but activates the out-of-plane and in-plane diffraction processes simultaneously and separately in the continuous MBD planes. The in-plane diffraction is realized by detoured MBD, where the intermediate diffracted waves propagate parallel to the surface, which corresponds to an absolute Bragg surface diffraction configuration that is extremely sensitive to surface structures. A series of MBD diffraction and imaging techniques may be developed from this principle to study surface/interface (misfit) strains, lateral nanostructures, and phase transitions of a wide range of (pseudo)cubic crystal structures, including ultrathin epitaxial films and multilayers, quantum dots, strain-engineered semiconductor or (multi)ferroic materials, etc.

  13. LABORATORY IV CIRCULAR MOTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Lab IV - 1 LABORATORY IV CIRCULAR MOTION The problems in this laboratory will help you investigate. OBJECTIVES: After successfully completing this laboratory, you should be able to: · Determine Laboratories I, II, and III. Before coming to the lab you should be able to: · Determine an object

  14. The power spectrum of the circular noise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Müller

    2005-09-30

    The circular noise is important in connection to Mach's principle, and also as a possible probe of the Unruh effect. In this letter the power spectrum of the detector following the Trocheries-Takeno motion in the Minkowski vacuum is analytically obtained in the form of an infinite series. A mean distribution function and corresponding energy density are obtained for this particular detected noise. The analogous of a non constant temperature distribution is obtained. And in the end, a brief discussion about the equilibrium configuration is given.

  15. Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition...

  16. TURBULENT-LAMINAR PATTERNS IN PLANE COUETTE Dwight Barkley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkley, Dwight

    @limsi.fr Abstract Regular patterns of turbulent and laminar fluid motion arise in plane Couette flow near the lowest and is the kinematic viscosity of the fluid. See figure 1. For all val- ues of ¡£¢ , laminar Couette flow at an angle to the streamwise direction. Fluid flows exhibiting coexisting turbulent and laminar regions have

  17. Acrobat XI Configuration

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Acrobat XI includes a number of configuration options. The following PDFs include EERE's recommended configuration for preparing standards compliant PDFs. The files also include the job settings needed.

  18. Circular chemiresistors for microchemical sensors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ho, Clifford K. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2007-03-13

    A circular chemiresistor for use in microchemical sensors. A pair of electrodes is fabricated on an electrically insulating substrate. The pattern of electrodes is arranged in a circle-filling geometry, such as a concentric, dual-track spiral design, or a circular interdigitated design. A drop of a chemically sensitive polymer (i.e., chemiresistive ink) is deposited on the insulating substrate on the electrodes, which spreads out into a thin, circular disk contacting the pair of electrodes. This circularly-shaped electrode geometry maximizes the contact area between the pair of electrodes and the polymer deposit, which provides a lower and more stable baseline resistance than with linear-trace designs. The circularly-shaped electrode pattern also serves to minimize batch-to-batch variations in the baseline resistance due to non-uniform distributions of conductive particles in the chemiresistive polymer film.

  19. Nuclear spin circular dichroism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vaara, Juha; Rizzo, Antonio; Kauczor, Joanna; Norman, Patrick; Coriani, Sonia

    2014-04-07

    Recent years have witnessed a growing interest in magneto-optic spectroscopy techniques that use nuclear magnetization as the source of the magnetic field. Here we present a formulation of magnetic circular dichroism (CD) due to magnetically polarized nuclei, nuclear spin-induced CD (NSCD), in molecules. The NSCD ellipticity and nuclear spin-induced optical rotation (NSOR) angle correspond to the real and imaginary parts, respectively, of (complex) quadratic response functions involving the dynamic second-order interaction of the electron system with the linearly polarized light beam, as well as the static magnetic hyperfine interaction. Using the complex polarization propagator framework, NSCD and NSOR signals are obtained at frequencies in the vicinity of optical excitations. Hartree-Fock and density-functional theory calculations on relatively small model systems, ethene, benzene, and 1,4-benzoquinone, demonstrate the feasibility of the method for obtaining relatively strong nuclear spin-induced ellipticity and optical rotation signals. Comparison of the proton and carbon-13 signals of ethanol reveals that these resonant phenomena facilitate chemical resolution between non-equivalent nuclei in magneto-optic spectra.

  20. Unwinding of circular helicoidal molecules versus size

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Zoli

    2015-04-12

    The thermodynamical stability of a set of circular double helical molecules is analyzed by path integral techniques. The minicircles differ only in \\textit{i)} the radius and \\textit{ii)} the number of base pairs ($N$) arranged along the molecule axis. Instead, the rise distance is kept constant. For any molecule size, the computational method simulates a broad ensemble of possible helicoidal configurations while the partition function is a sum over the path trajectories describing the base pair fluctuational states. The stablest helical repeat of every minicircle is determined by free energy minimization. We find that, for molecules with $N$ larger than $100$, the helical repeat grows linearly with the size and the twist number is constant. On the other hand, by reducing the size below $100$ base pairs, the double helices sharply unwind and the twist number drops to one for $N=\\,20$. This is predicted as the minimum size for the existence of helicoidal molecules in the closed form. The helix unwinding appears as a strategy to release the bending stress associated to the circularization of the molecules.

  1. Configuration Structures (extended abstract)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    Configuration Structures (extended abstract) R.J. van Glabbeek \\Lambda Computer Science Department Science University of Edinburgh Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, UK gdp@dcs.ed.ac.uk Abstract Configuration structures provide a model of concur­ rency generalising the families of configurations of event structures. They can

  2. Circular Harmonic Decomposition Approach for Numerical Inversion of Circular Radon Transforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louis, Alfred K.

    Circular Harmonic Decomposition Approach for Numerical Inversion of Circular Radon Transforms Gaël@num.uni-sb.de ABSTRACT Numerical inversions via circular harmonic decomposition for two classes of circular Radon transforms are established. The first class deals with the Radon transform (RT) de- fined on circular arcs

  3. The dynamics of transition to turbulence in plane Couette flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viswanath, D

    2007-01-01

    In plane Couette flow, the incompressible fluid between two plane parallel walls is driven by the motion of those walls. The laminar solution, in which the streamwise velocity varies linearly in the wall-normal direction, is known to be linearly stable at all Reynolds numbers ($Re$). Yet, in both experiments and computations, turbulence is observed for $Re \\gtrsim 360$. In this article, we show that when the laminar flow is perturbed on to the transition {\\it threshold}, the flow approaches either steady or traveling wave solutions. These solutions exhibit some aspects of turbulence but are not fully turbulent even at $Re=4000$. However, these solutions are linearly unstable and flows that evolve along their unstable directions become fully turbulent. The solution approached by a threshold perturbation depends upon the nature of the perturbation. Surprisingly, the positive eigenvalue that corresponds to one family of solutions decreases in magnitude with increasing $Re$, with the rate of decrease given by $Re...

  4. Geography of local configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Coupier

    2010-10-12

    A $d$-dimensional binary Markov random field on a lattice torus is considered. As the size $n$ of the lattice tends to infinity, potentials $a=a(n)$ and $b=b(n)$ depend on $n$. Precise bounds for the probability for local configurations to occur in a large ball are given. Under some conditions bearing on $a(n)$ and $b(n)$, the distance between copies of different local configurations is estimated according to their weights. Finally, a sufficient condition ensuring that a given local configuration occurs everywhere in the lattice is suggested.

  5. Charge dynamics and "in plane" magnetic field I: Rashba-Dresselhauss interaction, Majorana fermions and Aharonov-Casher theorems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cirilo-Lombardo, Diego Julio

    2015-01-01

    The 2-dimensional charge transport with parallel (in plane) magnetic field is considered from the physical and mathematical point of view. To this end, we start with the magnetic field parallel to the plane of charge transport, in sharp contrast to the configuration described by the theorems of Aharonov and Casher where the magnetic field is perpendicular. We explicitly show that the specific form of the arising equation enforce the respective field solution to fulfil the Majorana condition. Consequently, as soon any physical system is represented by this equation, the rise of fields with Majorana type behaviour is immediately explained and predicted. In addition, there exists a quantized particular phase that removes the action of the vector potential producing interesting effects. Such new effects are able to explain due the geometrical framework introduced, several phenomenological results recently obtained in the area of spintronics and quantum electronic devices. The quantum ring as spin filter is worked...

  6. Liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields Ji Woong Park,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    a wide viewing angle. The lower operation voltage helps to reduce power consumption and heat dissipationLiquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields Ji Woong Park,1 Young Joo August 2008 A high performance liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane horizontal

  7. Under consideration for publication in J. Fluid Mech. 1 Heteroclinic connections in plane Couette

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cvitanovc', Predrag

    and periodic and relative periodic solutions, that are distinct from the laminar solution. This article reports significantly along a heteroclinic connection. 1. Introduction In plane Couette flow, the fluid between two is not the loss of linear stability of laminar flow, which never happens in plane Couette flow, but the existence

  8. In-Plane Fracture Resistance of a Crossply Fibrous Monolith John C. McNulty,*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zok, Frank

    In-Plane Fracture Resistance of a Crossply Fibrous Monolith John C. McNulty,*, Matthew R. Begley; and Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 The in-plane fracture of fiber pullout following fiber fracture. The mechanical response is modeled using a crack

  9. Density dependence of symmetry energy and collective transverse in-plane flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakshi Gautam; Aman D. Sood; Rajeev K. Puri; J. Aichelin

    2011-12-13

    We study the sensitivity of the collective transverse in-plane flow to the symmetry energy and its density dependence at Fermi energies and higher incident energies. We find that collective transverse in-plane flow is sensitive to the symmetry energy and its density dependence at Fermi energies whereas it shows insensitivity at higher incident energies.

  10. Magnetization reversal assisted by half antivortex states in nanostructured circular cobalt disks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lara, A.; Aliev, F. G.; Dobrovolskiy, O. V.; Prieto, J. L.; Huth, M.

    2014-11-03

    The half antivortex, a fundamental topological structure which determines magnetization reversal of submicron magnetic devices with domain walls, has been suggested also to play a crucial role in spin torque induced vortex core reversal in circular disks. Here, we report on magnetization reversal in circular disks with nanoholes through consecutive metastable states with half antivortices. In-plane anisotropic magnetoresistance and broadband susceptibility measurements accompanied by micromagnetic simulations reveal that cobalt (Co) disks with two and three linearly arranged nanoholes directed at 45° and 135° with respect to the external magnetic field show reproducible step-like changes in the anisotropic magnetoresistance and magnetic permeability due to transitions between different intermediate states mediated by vortices and half antivortices confined to the dot nanoholes and edges, respectively. Our findings are relevant for the development of multi-hole based spintronic and magnetic memory devices.

  11. Circular permutant GFP insertion folding reporters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Waldo, Geoffrey S. (Santa Fe, NM); Cabantous, Stephanie (Los Alamos, NM)

    2011-06-14

    Provided are methods of assaying and improving protein folding using circular permutants of fluorescent proteins, including circular permutants of GFP variants and combinations thereof. The invention further provides various nucleic acid molecules and vectors incorporating such nucleic acid molecules, comprising polynucleotides encoding fluorescent protein circular permutants derived from superfolder GFP, which polynucleotides include an internal cloning site into which a heterologous polynucleotide may be inserted in-frame with the circular permutant coding sequence, and which when expressed are capable of reporting on the degree to which a polypeptide encoded by such an inserted heterologous polynucleotide is correctly folded by correlation with the degree of fluorescence exhibited.

  12. Circular permutant GFP insertion folding reporters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Waldo, Geoffrey S. (Santa Fe, NM); Cabantous, Stephanie (Los Alamos, NM)

    2008-06-24

    Provided are methods of assaying and improving protein folding using circular permutants of fluorescent proteins, including circular permutants of GFP variants and combinations thereof. The invention further provides various nucleic acid molecules and vectors incorporating such nucleic acid molecules, comprising polynucleotides encoding fluorescent protein circular permutants derived from superfolder GFP, which polynucleotides include an internal cloning site into which a heterologous polynucleotide may be inserted in-frame with the circular permutant coding sequence, and which when expressed are capable of reporting on the degree to which a polypeptide encoded by such an inserted heterologous polynucleotide is correctly folded by correlation with the degree of fluorescence exhibited.

  13. Circular permutant GFP insertion folding reporters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Waldo, Geoffrey S; Cabantous, Stephanie

    2013-02-12

    Provided are methods of assaying and improving protein folding using circular permutants of fluorescent proteins, including circular permutants of GFP variants and combinations thereof. The invention further provides various nucleic acid molecules and vectors incorporating such nucleic acid molecules, comprising polynucleotides encoding fluorescent protein circular permutants derived from superfolder GFP, which polynucleotides include an internal cloning site into which a heterologous polynucleotide may be inserted in-frame with the circular permutant coding sequence, and which when expressed are capable of reporting on the degree to which a polypeptide encoded by such an inserted heterologous polynucleotide is correctly folded by correlation with the degree of fluorescence exhibited.

  14. Circular permutant GFP insertion folding reporters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Waldo, Geoffrey S.; Cabantous, Stephanie

    2013-04-16

    Provided are methods of assaying and improving protein folding using circular permutants of fluorescent proteins, including circular permutants of GFP variants and combinations thereof. The invention further provides various nucleic acid molecules and vectors incorporating such nucleic acid molecules, comprising polynucleotides encoding fluorescent protein circular permutants derived from superfolder GFP, which polynucleotides include an internal cloning site into which a heterologous polynucleotide may be inserted in-frame with the circular permutant coding sequence, and which when expressed are capable of reporting on the degree to which a polypeptide encoded by such an inserted heterologous polynucleotide is correctly folded by correlation with the degree of fluorescence exhibited.

  15. IN-PLANE MODAL TESTING OF A FREE ISOTROPIC PLATE USING LASER DOPPLER VIBROMETER MEASUREMENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Batista, F. B.; Fabro, A. T.; Coser, L. F.; Arruda, J. R. F. [Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Campinas, Campinas, SP 13083-970 (Brazil); Albuquerque, E. L. [Technological Faculty, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, DF 70910-900 (Brazil)

    2010-05-28

    In this work an experimental procedure is proposed to obtain the lowest free in-plane vibration modes of an aluminum plate. Responses are measured along two longitudinal directions on the plate surface at selected points by an out-of-plane laser Doppler vibrometer set up to measure in-plane vibrations. Excitation is made at one specific point of the plate edge using a light impact hammer. The plate is supported by silicone spheres to simulate the free edge boundary conditions and ensure a stable stationary position in order to keep the laser focus distance. Numerical finite element simulations are carried out to compute the in-plane modes and frequencies in order to compare them with the corresponding experimental results. The identified experimental modes agree very well with the numerical predictions. The smooth in-plane modes can be used to identify the plate material constitutive model parameters using existing methods proposed elsewhere by the authors.

  16. Circular Chromatic Ramsey Number Kyle F. Jao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Douglas B.

    Circular Chromatic Ramsey Number Kyle F. Jao , Claude Tardif , Douglas B. West , Xuding Zhu, the circular chromatic Ramsey number Rc (F, G) is the infimum of c(H) over graphs H such that every red of a Ramsey problem for the families of homomorphic images of F and G. Letting zk = 3 - 2-k, we prove that zk

  17. Mechanical stress measurement by an achromatic optical digital speckle pattern interferometry strain sensor with radial in-plane sensitivity: experimental comparison with electrical strain gauges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Viotti, Matias R.; Armando Albertazzi, G. Jr.; Kapp, Walter A.

    2011-03-01

    This paper shows the optical setup of a radial in-plane digital speckle pattern interferometer which uses an axis-symmetrical diffractive optical element (DOE) to obtain double illumination. The application of the DOE gives in-plane sensitivity which only depends on the grating period of the DOE instead of the wavelength of the laser used as illumination source. A compact optical layout was built in order to have a portable optical strain sensor with a circular measurement area of about 5 mm in diameter. In order to compare its performance with electrical strain sensors (strain gauges), mechanical loading was generated by a four-point bending device and simultaneously monitored by the optical strain sensor and by two-element strain gauge rosettes. Several mechanical stress levels were measured showing a good agreement between both sensors. Results showed that the optical sensor could measure applied mechanical strains with a mean uncertainty of about 5% and 4% for the maximum and minimum principal strains, respectively.

  18. Motion of charged particles in magnetic fields created by symmetric configurations of wires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Furthermore, the circular wire system can be interpreted as a simplified model of the levitated magnetic, this paper illustrates that very simple magnetic con- figurations can give rise to complicated, even chaoticMotion of charged particles in magnetic fields created by symmetric configurations of wires Jacobo

  19. Policy Flash 2013-27 Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    7 Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-65 Policy Flash 2013-27 Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-65 Attached is Policy Flash 2013-27 Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC)...

  20. Forbidden Configurations A shattered history

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fournier, John J.F.

    Forbidden Configurations A shattered history Richard Anstee UBC Vancouver Western Washington University, Bellingham, Nov 22, 2014 Richard AnsteeUBC Vancouver Forbidden Configurations A shattered history Ronyai, and Attila Sali. Richard AnsteeUBC Vancouver Forbidden Configurations A shattered history #12

  1. Inductrack magnet configuration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Post, Richard Freeman

    2003-10-14

    A magnet configuration comprising a pair of Halbach arrays magnetically and structurally connected together are positioned with respect to each other so that a first component of their fields substantially cancels at a first plane between them, and a second component of their fields substantially adds at this first plane. A track of windings is located between the pair of Halbach arrays and a propulsion mechanism is provided for moving the pair of Halbach arrays along the track. When the pair of Halbach arrays move along the track and the track is not located at the first plane, a current is induced in the windings and a restoring force is exerted on the pair of Halbach arrays.

  2. Inductrack magnet configuration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Post, Richard Freeman

    2003-12-16

    A magnet configuration comprising a pair of Halbach arrays magnetically and structurally connected together are positioned with respect to each other so that a first component of their fields substantially cancels at a first plane between them, and a second component of their fields substantially adds at this first plane. A track of windings is located between the pair of Halbach arrays and a propulsion mechanism is provided for moving the pair of Halbach arrays along the track. When the pair of Halbach arrays move along the track and the track is not located at the first plane, a current is induced in the windings and a restoring force is exerted on the pair of Halbach arrays.

  3. Power converter connection configuration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beihoff, Bruce C. (Wauwatosa, WI); Kehl, Dennis L. (Milwaukee, WI); Gettelfinger, Lee A. (Brown Deer, WI); Kaishian, Steven C. (Milwaukee, WI); Phillips, Mark G. (Brookfield, WI); Radosevich, Lawrence D. (Muskego, WI)

    2008-11-11

    EMI shielding is provided for power electronics circuits and the like via a direct-mount reference plane support and shielding structure. The thermal support may receive one or more power electronic circuits. The support may aid in removing heat from the circuits through fluid circulating through the support. The support forms a shield from both external EMI/RFI and from interference generated by operation of the power electronic circuits. Features may be provided to permit and enhance connection of the circuitry to external circuitry, such as improved terminal configurations. Modular units may be assembled that may be coupled to electronic circuitry via plug-in arrangements or through interface with a backplane or similar mounting and interconnecting structures.

  4. Circular dichroism of planar chiral magnetic metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Circular dichroism of planar chiral magnetic metamaterials M. Decker, M. W. Klein, and M. Wegener 78002); published March 5, 2007 We propose, fabricate, and study a double-layer chiral planar

  5. Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2005-37; Introduction Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-37 List of Rules in FAC 2005-37 Item Subject I. Registry of Disaster Response Contractors II. Limiting Length of...

  6. Federal Acquisition Circular WAC) 2001-24

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    FLASH 2004-20 July 12, 2004 Federal Acquisition Circular WAC) 2001-24 1. Incentives for Use of Performance-Based Contracting for Services (Interim) (FAR Case 2004-004) Effective...

  7. Charge dynamics and "in plane" magnetic field I: Rashba-Dresselhauss interaction, Majorana fermions and Aharonov-Casher theorems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diego Julio Cirilo-Lombardo

    2015-06-05

    The 2-dimensional charge transport with parallel (in plane) magnetic field is considered from the physical and mathematical point of view. To this end, we start with the magnetic field parallel to the plane of charge transport, in sharp contrast to the configuration described by the theorems of Aharonov and Casher where the magnetic field is perpendicular. We explicitly show that the specific form of the arising equation enforce the respective field solution to fulfil the Majorana condition. Consequently, as soon any physical system is represented by this equation, the rise of fields with Majorana type behaviour is immediately explained and predicted. In addition, there exists a quantized particular phase that removes the action of the vector potential producing interesting effects. Such new effects are able to explain due the geometrical framework introduced, several phenomenological results recently obtained in the area of spintronics and quantum electronic devices. The quantum ring as spin filter is worked out in this framework and also the case of the quantum Hall effect.

  8. IN-PLANE BANDPASS REGULATION CHECK VALVE IN HEAT-SHRINK PACKAGING FOR DRUG DELIVERY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Ellis

    IN-PLANE BANDPASS REGULATION CHECK VALVE IN HEAT-SHRINK PACKAGING FOR DRUG DELIVERY R. Lo and E. Meng University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA ABSTRACT The first check valve valve design and these results were confirmed experimentally. The valve regulates flow between 150

  9. Wide Viewing Angle Multi-domain In-Plane Switching LCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    ­15 [10,11]. In this paper, we investigate the bending angle effect on a MD IPS using the chevron The bending angle effect on a multi-domain in-plane switching liquid crystal display (MD IPS LCD) using the bending angle of the electrodes increases from 10 to 40 , the threshold voltage is lowered from 1.25 Vrms

  10. OPENENDED CONFIGURATIONS OF RADIO TELESCOPES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreinovich, Vladik

    telescopes, devices that use the second observability window of radio waves. Why configurations of radioOPEN­ENDED CONFIGURATIONS OF RADIO TELESCOPES: A GEOMETRICAL ANALYSIS Vladik Kreinovich, Scott A. The quality of radio astronomical images drastically depends on where we place the radio telescopes. During

  11. OPENENDED CONFIGURATIONS OF RADIO TELESCOPES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreinovich, Vladik

    telescopes, devices that use the second observability window of radio waves. #12; Why configurations of radioOPEN­ENDED CONFIGURATIONS OF RADIO TELESCOPES: TOWARDS OPTIMAL DESIGN VLADIK KREINOVICH, SCOTT A, Russia ABSTRACT The quality of radio astronomical images drastically depends on where we place the radio

  12. SOFTWARE QUALITY & SYSTEMS ENGINEERING PROGRAM: Software Configuration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SOFTWARE QUALITY & SYSTEMS ENGINEERING PROGRAM: Software Configuration Management Checklist SOFTWARE QUALITY & SYSTEMS ENGINEERING PROGRAM: Software Configuration Management...

  13. Magneto-Seebeck effect in spin-valve with in-plane thermal gradient

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jain, S. Bose, A. Palkar, V. R. Tulapurkar, A. A.; Lam, D. D. Suzuki, Y.; Sharma, H. Tomy, C. V.

    2014-12-15

    We present measurements of magneto-Seebeck effect on a spin valve with in-plane thermal gradient. We measured open circuit voltage and short circuit current by applying a temperature gradient across a spin valve stack, where one of the ferromagnetic layers is pinned. We found a clear hysteresis in these two quantities as a function of magnetic field. From these measurements, the magneto-Seebeck effect was found to be same as magneto-resistance effect.

  14. Pump-probe measurements of the thermal conductivity tensor for materials lacking in-plane symmetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feser, Joseph P. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); Liu, Jun; Cahill, David G. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, and Frederick-Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

    2014-10-15

    We previously demonstrated an extension of time-domain thermoreflectance (TDTR) which utilizes offset pump and probe laser locations to measure in-plane thermal transport properties of multilayers. However, the technique was limited to systems of transversely isotropic materials studied using axisymmetric laser intensities. Here, we extend the mathematics so that data reduction can be performed on non-transversely isotropic systems. An analytic solution of the diffusion equation for an N-layer system is given, where each layer has a homogenous but otherwise arbitrary thermal conductivity tensor and the illuminating spots have arbitrary intensity profiles. As a demonstration, we use both TDTR and time-resolved magneto-optic Kerr effect measurements to obtain thermal conductivity tensor elements of <110> ?-SiO{sub 2}. We show that the out-of-phase beam offset sweep has full-width half-maxima that contains nearly independent sensitivity to the in-plane thermal conductivity corresponding to the scanning direction. Also, we demonstrate a Nb-V alloy as a low thermal conductivity TDTR transducer layer that helps improve the accuracy of in-plane measurements.

  15. A grillage model for predicting wrinkles in annular graphene under circular shearing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Z.; Duan, W. H.; Wang, C. M.

    2013-01-07

    This paper is concerned with a Timoshenko grillage model for modeling the wrinkling phenomenon in annular graphene under circular shearing applied at its inner edge. By calibrating the grillage model results against the molecular mechanics (MM) results, the grillage model comprising beams of elliptical cross-section orientated along the carbon-carbon bond has section dimensions of 0.06 nm for the major axis length and 0.036 nm for the minor axis length. Moreover, the beams are connected to one another at 0.00212 nm from the geometric centric. This eccentric connection of beams allows the proposed grillage model to cater for the cross-couplings among bonds that produce the out-of-plane wrinkling pattern. The out-of-plane to in-plane bending stiffnesses' ratio is 0.36, and the cross bending stiffness provided by the ellipse eccentricity is 0.025 times that of the in-plane bending stiffness. Besides furnishing identical wave numbers as well as amplitudes and wavelengths that are in good agreement with MM results, the grillage model can capture wrinkling patterns with a boundary layer, whereas plate and membrane models could not mimic the boundary layer.

  16. POLICY FLASH 2015-21 - Federal Acquisition Circulars (FACs) 2005...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    1 - Federal Acquisition Circulars (FACs) 2005-79, 2005-80 & 2005-81 POLICY FLASH 2015-21 - Federal Acquisition Circulars (FACs) 2005-79, 2005-80 & 2005-81 DATE: April 14, 2015 TO:...

  17. POLICY FLASH 2015-24 - Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    4 - Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-82 POLICY FLASH 2015-24 - Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-82 DATE: May 11, 2015 TO: Procurement DirectorsContracting Officers...

  18. Policy Flash 2014-38 Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-76 Policy Flash 2014-38 Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-76 Questions concerning this policy flash should be directed to Jason...

  19. POLICY FLASH 2014-31 Federal Acquisition Circulars (FACs) 2005...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    POLICY FLASH 2014-31 Federal Acquisition Circulars (FACs) 2005-73 and 2005-74 POLICY FLASH 2014-31 Federal Acquisition Circulars (FACs) 2005-73 and 2005-74 Questions concerning...

  20. STREAMWISE AND CROSSFLOW INSTABILITIES ON INCLINED CIRCULAR CYLINDERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STREAMWISE AND CROSSFLOW INSTABILITIES ON INCLINED CIRCULAR CYLINDERS S. J. Garrett , J. P: Turbine blades, swept cylinder, streamwise & crossflow instabilities Abstract Observations of streamwise and crossflow insta- bilities on swept circular cylinders over a range of inclinations are presented

  1. Configuration Spaces in Fundamental Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward Anderson

    2015-05-13

    I consider configuration spaces for $N$-body problems, gauge theories and for GR in both geometrodynamical and Ashtekar variables forms, including minisuperspace and inhomogeneous perturbations thereabout in the former case. These include many interesting spaces of shapes (with and without whichever of local or global notions of scale). In considering reduced configuration spaces, stratified manifolds arise. Three strategies to deal with these are `excise', `unfold' and `accept'. I show that spaces of triangles arising from various interpretations of 3-body problems already serve as model arena for all three. I furthermore argue in favour of the `accept' strategy on relational grounds. Sheaf methods then become relevant in this case, as does the stratifold construct that pairs some well-behaved stratified manifolds with sheaves. I apply arguing against `excise' and `unfold' to GR's superspace and thin sandwich, and to the removal of collinear configurations in mechanics. Non-redundant configurations are also useful in providing more accurate names for various spaces and theories. I also cover notions of distance between shapes, that some perturbative midisuperspace configuration spaces are simple and similar to minisuperspace ones, and similarities between CS (conformal superspace) and CS + V (including the global spatial volume).

  2. Disjoint BoundaryBoundary Paths in Critical Circular Planar Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrow, James A.

    Disjoint Boundary­Boundary Paths in Critical Circular Planar Networks Ryan Sturgell December 8 that in a critical circular planar network every interior vertex has three disjoint paths to the boundary. 1, 1998 Abstract This paper explores some properties of critical circular planar net­ works. The main

  3. Configuration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAuditsCluster Compatibilitydefault ChangesORNL's

  4. Configuration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAuditsCluster Compatibilitydefault

  5. CONFIGURATION CHANGE PROPOSAL FORM | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CONFIGURATION CHANGE PROPOSAL FORM CONFIGURATION CHANGE PROPOSAL FORM This form is used for sharing information on Domain Name Server (DNS) changes, new requirements, modifications...

  6. Secure Policy-Based Configuration Framework (PBCONF)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Policy-Based Configuration Framework (PBCONF) Interoperable, open-source framework for secure remote configuration of modern and legacy devices Background Energy delivery devices...

  7. Circular zig-zag scan video format

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peterson, C. Glen (Los Alamos, NM); Simmons, Charles M. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1992-01-01

    A circular, ziz-zag scan for use with vidicon tubes. A sine wave is generated, rectified and its fourth root extracted. The fourth root, and its inverse, are used to generate horizontal ramp and sync signals. The fourth root is also used to generate a vertical sync signal, and the vertical sync signal, along with the horizontal sync signal, are used to generate the vertical ramp signal. Cathode blanking and preamplifier clamp signals are also obtained from the vertical sync signal.

  8. Energy of gravitational radiation in plane-symmetric space-times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sean A. Hayward

    2008-05-19

    Gravitational radiation in plane-symmetric space-times can be encoded in a complex potential, satisfying a non-linear wave equation. An effective energy tensor for the radiation is given, taking a scalar-field form in terms of the potential, entering the field equations in the same way as the matter energy tensor. It reduces to the Isaacson energy tensor in the linearized, high-frequency approximation. An energy conservation equation is derived for a quasi-local energy, essentially the Hawking energy. A transverse pressure exerted by interacting low-frequency gravitational radiation is predicted.

  9. Precision in-plane hand assembly of bulk microfabricated components for high-voltage MEMS arrays applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akinwande, Akintunde Ibitayo

    This paper reports the design and experimental validation of an in-plane assembly method for centimeter-scale bulk-microfabricated components. The method uses mesoscaled deep-reactive-ion-etching (DRIE)-patterned cantilevers ...

  10. Phase-field simulation of electric-field-induced in-plane magnetic domain switching in magnetic/ferroelectric layered heterostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Long-Qing

    Phase-field simulation of electric-field-induced in-plane magnetic domain switching in magnetic://jap.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;Phase-field simulation of electric-field-induced in-plane magnetic domain switching in magnetic; published online 22 June 2011) The electric-field-induced in-plane magnetic domain switching in magnetic

  11. Circular zig-zag scan video format

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peterson, C.G.; Simmons, C.M.

    1992-06-09

    A circular, ziz-zag scan for use with vidicon tubes is disclosed. A sine wave is generated, rectified and its fourth root extracted. The fourth root, and its inverse, are used to generate horizontal ramp and sync signals. The fourth root is also used to generate a vertical sync signal, and the vertical sync signal, along with the horizontal sync signal, are used to generate the vertical ramp signal. Cathode blanking and preamplifier clamp signals are also obtained from the vertical sync signal. 10 figs.

  12. A Family of Circular Bargmann Transforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zouhair Mouayn

    2011-05-24

    When considering a charged particle evolving in the Poincar\\'e disk under influence of a uniform magnetic field with a strength proportional to +1, we construct for all hyperbolic Landau level \\epsilon^\\gamma_$m$ m = 4m(-m), m 2 Z+ \\[0, /2] a family of coherent states transforms labeled by (,m) and mapping isometrically square integrable functions on the unit circle with respect to the measure sin^\\gamma-2m (\\theta/2) d\\theta onto spaces of bound states of the particle. These transforms are called circular Bargmann transforms.

  13. In-plane electric fields in magnetic islands during collisionless magnetic reconnection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Lijen; Bhattacharjee, Amitava; Torbert, Roy B.; Bessho, Naoki; Daughton, William; Roytershteyn, Vadim

    2012-11-15

    Magnetic islands are a common feature in both the onset and nonlinear evolution of magnetic reconnection. In collisionless regimes, the onset typically occurs within ion-scale current layers leading to the formation of magnetic islands when multiple X lines are involved. The nonlinear evolution of reconnection often gives rise to extended electron current layers (ECL) which are also unstable to formation of magnetic islands. Here, we show that the excess negative charge and strong out-of-plane electron velocity in the ECL are passed on to the islands generated therein, and that the corresponding observable distinguishing the islands generated in the ECL is the strongly enhanced in-plane electric fields near the island core. The islands formed in ion-scale current layers do not have these properties of the ECL-generated islands. The above result provides a way to assess the occurrence and importance of extended ECLs that are unstable to island formation in space and laboratory plasmas.

  14. Configurations of polymers attached to probes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bubis, Roy

    We study polymers attached to spherical (circular) or paraboloidal (parabolic) probes in three (two) dimensions. Both self-avoiding and random walks are examined numerically. The behavior of a polymer of size R[subscript ...

  15. Multiple forearm robotic elbow configuration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fisher, John J. (Wilmington, DE)

    1990-01-01

    A dual forearmed robotic elbow configuration comprises a main arm having a double elbow from which two coplanar forearms depend, two actuators carried in the double elbow for moving the forearms, and separate, independent end effectors, operated by a cable carried from the main arm through the elbow, is attached to the distal end of each forearm. Coiling the cables around the actuators prevents bending or kinking when the forearms are rotated 360 degrees. The end effectors can have similar or different capabilities. Actuator cannisters within the dual elbow are modular for rapid replacement or maintenance. Coarse and fine resolver transducers within the actuators provide accurate position referencing information.

  16. Standard test method for In-Plane length measurements of thin, reflecting films using an optical interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2005-01-01

    1.1 This test method covers a procedure for measuring in-plane lengths (including deflections) of patterned thin films. It applies only to films, such as found in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) materials, which can be imaged using an optical interferometer. 1.2 There are other ways to determine in-plane lengths. Using the design dimensions typically provides more precise in-plane length values than using measurements taken with an optical interferometer. (Interferometric measurements are typically more precise than measurements taken with an optical microscope.) This test method is intended for use when interferometric measurements are preferred over using the design dimensions (for example, when measuring in-plane deflections and when measuring lengths in an unproven fabrication process). 1.3 This test method uses a non-contact optical interferometer with the capability of obtaining topographical 3-D data sets. It is performed in the laboratory. 1.4 The maximum in-plane length measured is determine...

  17. Configurational diffusion of coal macromolecules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guin, J.A.; Curtis, C.W.; Tarrer, A.R.; Kim, S.; Hwang, D.; Chen, C.C.; Chiou, Z.

    1991-01-01

    The objective of our research was to obtain fundamental information regarding the functional dependence of the diffusion coefficient of coal molecules on the ratio of molecule to pore diameter. That is, the objective of our study was to examine the effect of molecule size and configuration on hindered diffusion of coal macromolecules through as porous medium. To best accomplish this task, we circumvented the complexities of an actual porous catalyst by using a well defined porous matrix with uniform capillaric pores, i.e., a track-etched membrane. In this way, useful information was obtained regarding the relationship of molecular size and configuration on the diffusion rate of coal derived macromolecules through a pore structure with known geometry. Similar studies were performed using a pellet formed of porous alumina, to provide a link between the idealized membranes and the actual complex pore structure of real catalyst extrudates. The fundamental information from our study will be useful toward the tailoring of catalysts to minimize diffusional influences and thereby increase coal conversion and selectivity for desirable products. (VC)

  18. Configuration Management for Open Source Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bendix, Lars

    , configuration selection, workspace management, concurrency control, change management and release management. In this position paper, we do not present our full study, but just the change management task, which is where OSS configuration management differs mostly from CSD configuration management. Change management processes compared

  19. DEVELOPMENT OF OPTIMUM DESIGN CONFIGURATION AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEVELOPMENT OF OPTIMUM DESIGN CONFIGURATION AND PERFORMANCE FOR VERTICAL AXIS WIND TURBINE Prepared DESIGN CONFIGURATION AND PERFORMANCE FOR VERTICAL AXIS WIND TURBINE EISG AWARDEE Mechanical and Aerospace://www.energy.ca.gov/research/index.html. #12;Page 1 Development Of Optimum Design Configuration And Performance For Vertical Axis Wind Turbine

  20. A High Power Density Electrostatic Vibration-to-Electric Energy Converter Based On An In-Plane Overlap Plate (IPOP) Mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paracha, A M; Marty, F; Chasin, A Vaisman; Poulichet, P; Bourouina, T

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, design, fabrication and characterization issues of a bulk silicon-based, vibration powered, electric energy generator are addressed. The converter is based on an In-Plane Overlap Plate (IPOP) configuration [1]. Measurements have shown that with a theoretically lossless electronics and a starting voltage of 5 V, power density of 58 $\\mu$W/cm3 is achievable at the resonance frequency of 290 Hz. It can be further improved by reducing the parasitic capacitance, which can be achieved by silicon etching, but a considerable mass is lost. In [2], it is shown that 19% of mass reduction improves power density from 12.95 $\\mu$W/cm3 to 59 $\\mu$W/cm3. Hence an enhancement in fabrication process is proposed, which is termed as Backside DRIE. It helps in increasing power density without loosing an important quantity of mass. Simulations have shown that 2.5% of mass removal improves power density up to 76.71 $\\mu$W/cm3. Initial simulation results and problems of associated electronics are also discussed.

  1. A Simple Algorithm for Detecting Circular Permutations in Proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir, Amihood

    A Simple Algorithm for Detecting Circular Permutations in Proteins S. Uliel 1 , A. Fliess 1 , A CCR­96­10170 and BSF grant 96­000509. #12; Abstract Motivation: Circular permutation of a protein is a genetic operation in which part of the C­terminal of the protein is moved to its N­terminal. Recently

  2. Circular Planar Electrical Networks: Posets and Positivity Joshua Alman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    Circular Planar Electrical Networks: Posets and Positivity Joshua Alman , Carl Lian , and Brandon prove a host of new results on circular planar electrical networks. We first construct a poset EPn of electrical net- works with n boundary vertices, and prove that it is graded by number of edges of critical

  3. Reactor Configuration Development for ARIES-CS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ku LP, the ARIES-CS Team

    2005-09-27

    New compact, quasi-axially symmetric stellarator configurations have been developed as part of the ARIES-CS reactor studies. These new configurations have good plasma confinement and transport properties, including low losses of ? particles and good integrity of flux surfaces at high ?. We summarize the recent progress by showcasing two attractive classes of configurationsconfigurations with judiciously chosen rotational transforms to avoid undesirable effects of low order resonances on the flux surface integrity and configurations with very small aspect ratios (?2.5) that have excellent quasi-axisymmetry and low field ripples.

  4. Circularization of Tidally Disrupted Stars around Spinning Supermassive Black Holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayasaki, Kimitake; Loeb, Abraham

    2015-01-01

    We study the circularization of tidally disrupted stars on bound orbits around spinning supermassive black holes by performing three-dimensional smoothed particle hydrodynamic simulations with Post-Newtonian corrections. Our simulations reveal that debris circularization depends sensitively on the efficiency of radiative cooling. There are two stages in debris circularization if radiative cooling is inefficient: first, the stellar debris streams self-intersect due to relativistic apsidal precession; shocks at the intersection points thermalize orbital energy and the debris forms a geometrically thick, ring-like structure around the black hole. The ring rapidly spreads via viscous diffusion, leading to the formation of a geometrically thick accretion disk. In contrast, if radiative cooling is efficient, the stellar debris circularizes due to self-intersection shocks and forms a geometrically thin ring-like structure. In this case, the dissipated energy can be emitted during debris circularization as a precurso...

  5. Detection of circular polarization in light scattered from photosynthetic microbes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, William B; Germer, Thomas A; Chen, Feng; DasSarma, Shiladitya; DasSarma, Priya; Robb, Frank T; Manset, Nadine; Kolokolova, Ludmilla; Reid, Neill; Macchetto, F Duccio; Martin, William; 10.1073/pnas.0810215106

    2009-01-01

    The identification of a universal biosignature that could be sensed remotely is critical to the prospects for success in the search for life elsewhere in the universe. A candidate universal biosignature is homochirality, which is likely to be a generic property of all biochemical life. Due to the optical activity of chiral molecules, it has been hypothesized that this unique characteristic may provide a suitable remote sensing probe using circular polarization spectroscopy. Here, we report the detection of circular polarization in light scattered by photosynthetic microbes. We show that the circular polarization appears to arise from circular dichroism of the strong electronic transitions of photosynthetic absorption bands. We conclude that circular polarization spectroscopy could provide a powerful remote sensing technique for generic life searches.

  6. Magnetic properties of in-plane oriented barium hexaferrite thin films prepared by direct current magnetron sputtering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Xiaozhi; Yue, Zhenxing Meng, Siqin; Yuan, Lixin

    2014-12-28

    In-plane c-axis oriented Ba-hexaferrite (BaM) thin films were prepared on a-plane (112{sup ¯}0) sapphire (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) substrates by DC magnetron sputtering followed by ex-situ annealing. The DC magnetron sputtering was demonstrated to have obvious advantages over the traditionally used RF magnetron sputtering in sputtering rate and operation simplicity. The sputtering power had a remarkable influence on the Ba/Fe ratio, the hematite secondary phase, and the grain morphology of the as-prepared BaM films. Under 80?W of sputtering power, in-plane c-axis highly oriented BaM films were obtained. These films had strong magnetic anisotropy with high hysteresis loop squareness (M{sub r}/M{sub s} of 0.96) along the in-plane easy axis and low M{sub r}/M{sub s} of 0.03 along the in-plane hard axis. X-ray diffraction patterns and pole figures revealed that the oriented BaM films grew via an epitaxy-like growth process with the crystallographic relationship BaM (101{sup ¯}0)//?-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}(112{sup ¯}0)//Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}(112{sup ¯}0)

  7. Magnetic Microscopy and Imaging II John Chapman, Chairman Study of in-plane magnetic domains with magnetic transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bayreuther, Günther

    with magnetic transmission x-ray microscopy P. Fischer,a) T. Eimu¨ller, and G. Schu¨tz University of Wu be designed by en- gaging, e.g., the different magnetic couplings between each layers. Due to a balanceMagnetic Microscopy and Imaging II John Chapman, Chairman Study of in-plane magnetic domains

  8. A spintronic source of circularly polarized single photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pablo Asshoff; Andreas Merz; Heinz Kalt; Michael Hetterich

    2011-03-06

    We present a spintronic single photon source which emits circularly polarized light, where the helicity is determined by an applied magnetic field. Photons are emitted from an InGaAs quantum dot inside an electrically operated spin light-emitting diode, which comprises the diluted magnetic semiconductor ZnMnSe. The circular polarization degree of the emitted light is high, reaching 83% at an applied magnetic field of 2T and 96% at 6 T. Autocorrelation traces recorded in pulsed operation mode prove the emitted light to be antibunched. The two circular polarization states could be used for representing quantum states |0> and |1> in quantum cryptography implementations.

  9. A spintronic source of circularly polarized single photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asshoff, Pablo; Kalt, Heinz; Hetterich, Michael

    2011-01-01

    We present a spintronic single photon source which emits circularly polarized light, where the helicity is determined by an applied magnetic field. Photons are emitted from an InGaAs quantum dot inside an electrically operated spin light-emitting diode, which comprises the diluted magnetic semiconductor ZnMnSe. The circular polarization degree of the emitted light is high, reaching 83% at an applied magnetic field of 2T and 96% at 6 T. Autocorrelation traces recorded in pulsed operation mode prove the emitted light to be antibunched. The two circular polarization states could be used for representing quantum states |0> and |1> in quantum cryptography implementations.

  10. A method for embedding circular force-free flux ropes in potential magnetic fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Titov, V. S.; Török, T.; Mikic, Z.; Linker, J. A., E-mail: titovv@predsci.com [Predictive Science Inc., 9990 Mesa Rim Road, Suite 170, San Diego, CA 92121 (United States)

    2014-08-01

    We propose a method for constructing approximate force-free equilibria in pre-eruptive configurations in which a thin force-free flux rope is embedded into a locally bipolar-type potential magnetic field. The flux rope is assumed to have a circular-arc axis, a circular cross-section, and electric current that is either concentrated in a thin layer at the boundary of the rope or smoothly distributed across it with a maximum of the current density at the center. The entire solution is described in terms of the magnetic vector potential in order to facilitate the implementation of the method in numerical magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) codes that evolve the vector potential rather than the magnetic field itself. The parameters of the flux rope can be chosen so that its subsequent MHD relaxation under photospheric line-tied boundary conditions leads to nearly exact numerical equilibria. To show the capabilities of our method, we apply it to several cases with different ambient magnetic fields and internal flux-rope structures. These examples demonstrate that the proposed method is a useful tool for initializing data-driven simulations of solar eruptions.

  11. The heterogeneous gas with singular interaction: Generalized circular law and heterogeneous renormalized energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luis Carlos Garcia del Molino; Khashayar Pakdaman; Jonathan Touboul

    2014-10-26

    We introduce and analyze $d$ dimensional Coulomb gases with random charge distribution and general external confining potential. We show that these gases satisfy a large deviations principle. The analysis of the minima of the rate function (which is the leading term of the energy) reveals that at equilibrium, the particle distribution is a generalized circular law (i.e. with spherical support but non-necessarily uniform distribution). In the classical electrostatic external potential, there are infinitely many minimizers of the rate function. The most likely macroscopic configuration is a disordered distribution in which particles are uniformly distributed (for $d=2$, the circular law), and charges are independent of the positions of the particles. General charge-dependent confining potentials unfold this degenerate situation: in contrast, the particle density is not uniform, and particles spontaneously organize according to their charge. In that picture the classical electrostatic potential appears as a transition at which order is lost. Sub-leading terms of the energy are derived: we show that these are related to an operator, generalizing the Coulomb renormalized energy, which incorporates the heterogeneous nature of the charges. This heterogeneous renormalized energy informs us about the microscopic arrangements of the particles, which are non-standard, strongly depending on the charges, and include progressive and irregular lattices.

  12. On Dual Configurational Forces SHAOFAN LIj

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Shaofan

    they provide the dual energy­momentum tensor. Some previously unknown and yet interesting results in elasticity the configuration force (energy­momentum tensor) P and the dual configuration force (dual energy­momentum tensor) L energy­ momentum tensor (referred to as the dual energy­momentum tensor in this j Corresponding author

  13. OPEN-ENDED CONFIGURATIONS OF RADIO TELESCOPES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreinovich, Vladik

    radio telescopes, devices that use the second observability window of radio waves. Why configurationsOPEN-ENDED CONFIGURATIONS OF RADIO TELESCOPES: A GEOMETRICAL ANALYSIS Vladik Kreinovich, Scott A. The quality of radio astronomical images drastically depends on where we place the radio telescopes. During

  14. Ontological Configuration Management for Wireless Mesh Routers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Touriño, Juan

    Ontological Configuration Management for Wireless Mesh Routers Iv´an D´iaz , Cristian Popi then be managed homogeneously. We chose the configuration of a modular wireless router developed by the Image botanique 54602 Villers-les-Nancy, France Abstract. Wireless mesh networks (WMNs) are a category of wireless

  15. Fraction of clogging configurations sampled by granular hopper flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. C. Thomas; D. J. Durian

    2015-05-05

    We measure the fraction $F$ of flowing grain configurations that precede a clog, based on the average mass discharged between clogging events for various aperture geometries. By tilting the hopper, we demonstrate that $F$ is a function of the hole area projected in the direction of the exiting grain velocity. By varying the length of slits, we demonstrate that grains clog in the same manner as if they were flowing out of a set of smaller independent circular openings. The collapsed data for $F$ can be fit to a decay that is exponential in hole width raised to the power of the system dimensionality. This is consistent with a simple model in which individual grains near the hole have a large but constant probability to precede a clog. Such a picture implies that there is no sharp clogging transition, and that all hoppers have a nonzero probability to clog. See Supplemental Material for models of clogging as a discrete Poisson process, and for resulting alternative measures of l based on the standard deviation of the discharge mass distribution.

  16. POLICY FLASH 2015-32- Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-83

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-83 - brief summary of Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) amendments.

  17. Toroidal configurations of perfect fluid in the Reissner-Nordström-(anti-)de Sitter spacetimes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kucáková, Hana; Slaný, Petr; Stuchlík, Zden?k E-mail: petr.slany@fpf.slu.cz

    2011-01-01

    Influence of cosmological constant on toroidal fluid configurations around charged spherically symmetric black holes and naked singularities is demostrated by study of perfect-fluid tori with uniform distribution of specific angular momentum orbiting in the Reissner-Nordström-(anti-)de Sitter spacetimes. Toroidal configurations are allowed only in the spacetimes admitting existence of stable circular geodesics. Configurations with marginally closed equipotential (equipressure) surfaces crossing itself in a cusp allow accretion (through the inner cusp) and/or excretion (through the outer cusp) of matter from the toroidal configuration. Detailed classification of the Reissner-Nordström-(anti-)de Sitter spacetimes according to properties of the marginally stable tori is given. It is demonstrated that in the Reissner-Nordström-de Sitter naked-singularity spacetimes an interesting phenomenon of doubled tori can exist enabling exchange of matter between two tori in both inward and outward directions. In naked-singularity spacetimes the accretion onto the central singularity is impossible due to existence of a potential barrier.

  18. National Ignition Facility Configuration Management Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabral, S G; Moore, T L

    2002-10-01

    This Configuration Management Plan (CMP) describes the technical and administrative management process for controlling the National Ignition Facility (NIF) Project configuration. The complexity of the NIF Project (i.e., participation by multiple national laboratories and subcontractors involved in the development, fabrication, installation, and testing of NIF hardware and software, as well as construction and testing of Project facilities) requires implementation of the comprehensive configuration management program defined in this plan. A logical schematic illustrating how the plan functions is provided in Figure 1. A summary of the process is provided in Section 4.0, Configuration Change Control. Detailed procedures that make up the overall process are referenced. This CMP is consistent with guidance for managing a project's configuration provided in Department of Energy (DOE) Order 430.1, Guide PMG 10, ''Project Execution and Engineering Management Planning''. Configuration management is a formal discipline comprised of the following four elements: (1) Identification--defines the functional and physical characteristics of a Project and uniquely identifies the defining requirements. This includes selection of components of the end product(s) subject to control and selection of the documents that define the project and components. (2) Change management--provides a systematic method for managing changes to the project and its physical and functional configuration to ensure that all changes are properly identified, assessed, reviewed, approved, implemented, tested, and documented. (3) Data management--ensures that necessary information on the project and its end product(s) is systematically recorded and disseminated for decision-making and other uses. Identifies, stores and controls, tracks status, retrieves, and distributes documents. (4) Assessments and validation--ensures that the planned configuration requirements match actual physical configurations and approved changes are implemented according to the change requirements documents.

  19. Optimal energy-harvesting cycles for load-driven dielectric generators in plane strain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Springhetti; E. Bortot; G. deBotton; M. Gei

    2014-03-13

    The performances of energy harvesting generators based on dielectric elastomers are investigated. The configuration is of a thin dielectric film coated by stretchable electrodes at both sides. The film is first stretched, then charged and subsequently, afterwards it is released, and finally the charge is harvested at a higher electric potential. The amount of energy extracted by this cycle is bounded by the electric breakdown and the ultimate stretch ratio of the film as well as by structural instabilities due to loss of tension. To identify the optimal cycle that complies with these limits we formulate a constraint optimization problem and solve it with a dedicated solver for two typical classes of elastic dielectrics. As anticipated, we find that the performance of the generator depends critically on the ultimate stretch ratio of the film. However, more surprising is our finding of a universal limit on the dielectric strength of the film beyond which the optimal cycle is independent of this parameter. Thus, we reveal that, regardless of how large the dielectric strength of the material is, there is an upper bound on the amount of harvested energy that depends only on the ultimate stretch ratio. We conclude the work with detailed calculations of the optimal cycles for two commercially available elastic dielectrics.

  20. An experimental study of the buckling behavior and frictional effects of a circular rod laterally constrained within a horizontal circular cylinder 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Thomas H.

    1995-01-01

    This thesis is the result of an experimental study of the post buckling frictional effects of a circular rod laterally constrained within a horizontal circular cylinder. Previous theoretical works by Chen, Wu, and Cheatam ...

  1. "Circularization" vs. Accretion -- What Powers Tidal Disruption Events?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsvi Piran; Gilad Svirski; Julian Krolik; Roseanne M. Cheng; Hotaka Shiokawa

    2015-04-07

    A tidal disruption event (TDE) takes place when a star passes near enough to a massive black hole to be disrupted. About half the star's matter is given elliptical trajectories with large apocenter distances, the other half is unbound. To "circularize", i.e., to form an accretion flow, the bound matter must lose a significant amount of energy, with the actual amount depending on the characteristic scale of the flow measured in units of the black hole's gravitational radius ($\\sim 10^{51} (R/1000R_g)^{-1}$~erg). Recent numerical simulations \\citep{Shiokawa+2015} have revealed that the circularization scale is close to the scale of the most-bound initial orbits, $\\sim 10^3 M_{BH,6.5}^{-2/3} R_g \\sim 10^{15} M_{BH,6.5}^{1/3}$~cm from the black hole, and the corresponding circularization energy dissipation rate is $\\sim 10^{44} M_{BH,6.5}^{-1/6}$~erg/s. We suggest that the energy liberated during circularization, rather then energy liberated by accretion onto the black hole, powers the observed optical TDE candidates. The observed rise times, luminosities, temperatures, emission radii, and line widths seen in these TDEs \\citep[e.g.][]{Arcavi+2014} are all more readily explained in terms of heating associated with circularization than in terms of accretion.

  2. Magnetization reversal induced by in-plane current in Ta/CoFeB/MgO structures with perpendicular magnetic easy axis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, C.; Yamanouchi, M. Ikeda, S.; Sato, H.; Fukami, S.; Matsukura, F.; Ohno, H.

    2014-05-07

    We investigate in-plane current-induced magnetization reversal under an in-plane magnetic field in Hall bar shaped devices composed of Ta/CoFeB/MgO structures with perpendicular magnetic easy axis. The observed relationship between the directions of current and magnetization switching and Ta thickness dependence of magnetization switching current are accordance with those for magnetization reversal by spin transfer torque originated from the spin Hall effect in the Ta layer.

  3. Tank Waste Remediation Systems (TWRS) Configuration Management Implementation Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WEIR, W.R.

    2000-12-18

    The Tank Waste Configuration Management (TWRS) Configuration Management Implementation Plan descibes the execution of the configuration management (CM) that the contractor uses to manage and integrate its programmatic and functional operations to perform work.

  4. 3-D Interpretation of Sewer Circular Structures Marina Kolesnik,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolesnik, Marina

    3-D Interpretation of Sewer Circular Structures Marina Kolesnik, Institute for Autonomous interpretation of images taken in a sewer by a robot-inspector is presented. Modern sewers made of concrete sections. These pipe ends and joints provide regular marks on the sewer images and can be used for their 3

  5. SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL CATALOG CIRCULAR FOR 1899-1900

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ........................................ Governor. Ex-Officio. THOMAS J. KIRK ............ Superintendent of Public Instruction. Ex-Officio. N. P. SMITH, Drawing and Sloyd. AGNES ELLIOTT, History. KINDERGARTEN TRAINING DEPARTMENT. FLORENCE LAWSON, Janitor of Gymnasium. THOMAS FARNHAM , Gardener. #12;6 STATE NORMAL SCHOOL CIRCULAR. The State Normal

  6. "Circularization" vs. Accretion -- What Powers Tidal Disruption Events?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piran, Tsvi; Krolik, Julian; Cheng, Roseanne M; Shiokawa, Hotaka

    2015-01-01

    A tidal disruption event (TDE) takes place when a star passes near enough to a massive black hole to be disrupted. About half the star's matter is given elliptical trajectories with large apocenter distances, the other half is unbound. To "circularize", i.e., to form an accretion flow, the bound matter must lose a significant amount of energy, with the actual amount depending on the characteristic scale of the flow measured in units of the black hole's gravitational radius (~ 10^{51} (R/1000R_g)^{-1} erg). Recent numerical simulations (Shiokawa et al., 2015) have revealed that the circularization scale is close to the scale of the most-bound initial orbits, ~ 10^3 M_{BH,6.5}^{-2/3} R_g ~ 10^{15} M_{BH,6.5}^{1/3} cm from the black hole, and the corresponding circularization energy dissipation rate is $\\sim 10^{44} M_{BH,6.5}^{-1/6}$~erg/s. We suggest that the energy liberated during circularization, rather then energy liberated by accretion onto the black hole, powers the observed optical TDE candidates (e.g.A...

  7. Radio Linear and Circular Polarization from M81*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Brunthaler; Geoffrey C. Bower; Heino Falcke

    2006-05-05

    We present results from archival Very Large Array (VLA) data and new VLA observations to investigate the long term behavior of the circular polarization of M81*, the nuclear radio source in the nearby galaxy M81. We also used the Berkeley-Illinois-Maryland Association (BIMA) array to observe M81* at 86 and 230 GHz. M81* is unpolarized in the linear sense at a frequency as high as 86 GHz and shows variable circular polarization at a frequency as high as 15 GHz. The spectrum of the fractional circular polarization is inverted in most of our observations. The sign of circular polarization is constant over frequency and time. The absence of linear polarization sets a lower limit to the accretion rate of $10^{-7} M_\\odot y^{-1}$. The polarization properties are strikingly similar to the properties of Sgr A*, the central radio source in the Milky Way. This supports the hypothesis that M81* is a scaled up version of Sgr A*. On the other hand, the broad band total intensity spectrum declines towards milimeter wavelengths which differs from previous observations of M81* and also from Sgr A*.

  8. FORCE AND DISPLACEMENT INFLUENCE FUNCTIONS FOR THE CIRCULAR RING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barber, James R.

    of Mechanical Engineering, Universityof Newcastie upon Tyne.Member of the Institution A set of influence to the ring. In the design field, it is usual to build up the solution to such a problem by superposition. Lists of elementary solutions appropriate to the complete circular ring are given by Roark (l

  9. Cellular pattern formation in circular domains Antonio Palacios,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cellular pattern formation in circular domains Antonio Palacios,a) Gemunu H. Gunaratne 1997; accepted for publication 24 June 1997 An analysis of stationary and nonstationary cellular. Motivated by the observa- tion of novel stationary and nonstationary cellular states on a flame front, we

  10. Configuration Interactions Constrained by Energy Density Functionals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Alex Brown; Angelo Signoracci; Morten Hjorth-Jensen

    2010-09-24

    A new method for constructing a Hamiltonian for configuration interaction calculations with constraints to energies of spherical configurations obtained with energy-density-functional (EDF) methods is presented. This results in a unified model that reproduced the EDF binding-energy in the limit of single-Slater determinants, but can also be used for obtaining energy spectra and correlation energies with renormalized nucleon-nucleon interactions. The three-body and/or density-dependent terms that are necessary for good nuclear saturation properties are contained in the EDF. Applications to binding energies and spectra of nuclei in the region above 208Pb are given.

  11. Low cost fuel cell diffusion layer configured for optimized anode...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Patent: Low cost fuel cell diffusion layer configured for optimized anode water management Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Low cost fuel cell diffusion layer configured...

  12. Improved Monitor Design and Configuration for Reducing Reported...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Improved Monitor Design and Configuration for Reducing Reported Tritium Discharges from the Orphee Research Reactor Improved Monitor Design and Configuration for Reducing Reported...

  13. Main References Braids and Configurations Simplicial Structure and Brunnian braids Boundary Brunnian Braids Main Results Braids, configurations and homotopy groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jie

    Main References Braids and Configurations Simplicial Structure and Brunnian braids Boundary Brunnian Braids Main Results Braids, configurations and homotopy groups Joint with Jingyan Li Jie Wu at Hebei Normal University #12;Main References Braids and Configurations Simplicial Structure and Brunnian

  14. Computational Analysis of Shrouded Wind Turbine Configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso, Juan J.

    Computational Analysis of Shrouded Wind Turbine Configurations Aniket C. Aranake Vinod K-dimensional simulations of shrouded wind turbines are performed for selected shroud geometries. The results are compared at the highest wind speed for which the flow over the bare turbine blade stays attached. Flow fields are examined

  15. Multilinear generalized Radon transforms and point configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grafakos, Loukas

    Multilinear generalized Radon transforms and point configurations Loukas Grafakos, Allan Greenleaf, Alex Iosevich and Eyvindur Palsson Abstract. We study multilinear generalized Radon transforms using for the results in [7]. 1. Introduction Linear generalized Radon transforms are operators of the form (1.1) Rf

  16. Strain effects on in-plane conductance of the topological insulator Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heui Hwang, Jin; Kwon, Sangku; Hun Kim, Jong; Young Park, Jeong, E-mail: jeongypark@kaist.ac.kr [Center for Nanomaterials and Chemical Reactions, Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Graduate School of EEWS, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Joonbum; Sung Kim, Jun [Department of Physics, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Jhinhwan [Department of Physics, KAIST, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Lyeo, Ho-Ki [Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, 267 Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-340 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-04-21

    We investigated the correlation between electrical transport and mechanical stress in a topological insulator, Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, using conductive probe atomic force microscopy in an ultrahigh vacuum environment. After directly measuring charge transport on the cleaved Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} surface, we found that the current density varied with applied load. Current mapping revealed a variation of the current on different terraces. The current density increased in the low-pressure regime and then decreased in the high-pressure regime. This variation of current density was explained in light of the combined effect of changes in the in-plane conductance due to spin–orbit coupling and hexagonal warping.

  17. Numerical simulation of vortical flows in the near field of jets from notched circular nozzles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Feng

    Numerical simulation of vortical flows in the near field of jets from notched circular nozzles Keywords: Jet Vortex Computational fluid dynamics Direct numerical simulation Non-circular nozzles a b s t r a c t The vortex dominated flows in the near field of jets from notched circular nozzles

  18. On the hierarchy of trinucleotide n-circular codes and their corresponding amino acids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michel, Christian

    properties. However, it is possible to encode all 20 amino acids using codes from the largest classOn the hierarchy of trinucleotide n-circular codes and their corresponding amino acids Elena Fimmel is developed. The maximal number of amino acids encoded by circular codes is investigated. The circularity

  19. Circular polarization of obliquely propagating whistler wave magnetic field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bellan, P. M.

    2013-08-15

    The circular polarization of the magnetic field of obliquely propagating whistler waves is derived using a basis set associated with the wave partial differential equation. The wave energy is mainly magnetic and the wave propagation consists of this magnetic energy sloshing back and forth between two orthogonal components of magnetic field in quadrature. The wave electric field energy is small compared to the magnetic field energy.

  20. Polarization of Astronomical Maser Radiation. IV. Circular Polarization Profiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moshe Elitzur

    1998-04-03

    Profile comparison of the Stokes parameters $V$ and $I$ is a powerful tool for maser data analysis, providing the first direct methods for unambiguous determination of (1) the maser saturation stage, (2) the amplification optical depth and intrinsic Doppler width of unsaturated masers, and (3) the comparative magnitudes of Zeeman splitting and Doppler linewidth. Circular polarization recently detected in OH 1720 MHz emission from the Galactic center appears to provide the first direct evidence for maser saturation.

  1. FEDERAL ACQUISITION CIRCULAR 2005-56 SUMMARY OF FINAL RULES

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order14, 2011 CX-006821: CategoricalJulyCapturingCIRCULAR

  2. Configuration management in nuclear power plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-01-01

    Configuration management (CM) is the process of identifying and documenting the characteristics of a facility's structures, systems and components of a facility, and of ensuring that changes to these characteristics are properly developed, assessed, approved, issued, implemented, verified, recorded and incorporated into the facility documentation. The need for a CM system is a result of the long term operation of any nuclear power plant. The main challenges are caused particularly by ageing plant technology, plant modifications, the application of new safety and operational requirements, and in general by human factors arising from migration of plant personnel and possible human failures. The IAEA Incident Reporting System (IRS) shows that on average 25% of recorded events could be caused by configuration errors or deficiencies. CM processes correctly applied ensure that the construction, operation, maintenance and testing of a physical facility are in accordance with design requirements as expressed in the d...

  3. Plasma confinement by circularly polarized electromagnetic field in toroidal geometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Svidzinski, Vladimir A. [University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); and Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    2007-10-15

    A novel plasma confinement concept based on plasma confinement by electromagnetic pressure of circularly polarized electromagnetic fields is proposed. Practical implementation of this concept in a toroidal device is suggested. In this concept the confining field frequency is in the lower range such that the size of the device is much smaller than the vacuum wavelength. Most of the previous radio-frequency (rf) confinement concepts of unmagnetized plasma were related to confinement in rf cavities which operated at high frequency for which the size of the cavity is comparable to the wavelength. Operation at lower frequencies simplifies rf design, reduces Ohmic losses in the conducting walls and probably makes application of superconductors for wall materials more feasible. It is demonstrated that circular (or nearly circular) polarization of the electromagnetic field is required for confinement from both the equilibrium and stability considerations. Numerical analysis of plasma confinement for magnetohydrodynamic plasma model in two-dimensional toroidal geometry is performed. Within this model plasma is confined by the applied rf fields and its equilibrium is stable. Technically feasible compact and medium size toroidal plasma confinement devices based on this concept are proposed. Application of this approach to the fusion reactor requires use of superconducting materials for the toroidal shell to reduce the Ohmic losses. Further theoretical and experimental studies are required for a more reliable conclusion about the attractiveness of this plasma confinement concept.

  4. Multilinear generalized Radon transforms and point configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grafakos, Loukas; Iosevich, Alex; Palsson, Eyvindur

    2012-01-01

    We study multilinear generalized Radon transforms using a graph-theoretic paradigm that includes the widely studied linear case. These provide a general mechanism to study Falconer-type problems involving $(k+1)$-point configurations in geometric measure theory, with $k \\ge 2$, including the distribution of simplices, volumes and angles determined by the points of fractal subsets $E \\subset {\\Bbb R}^d$, $d \\ge 2$. If $T_k(E)$ denotes the set of noncongruent $(k+1)$-point configurations determined by $E$, we show that if the Hausdorff dimension of $E$ is greater than $d-\\frac{d-1}{2k}$, then the ${k+1 \\choose 2}$-dimensional Lebesgue measure of $T_k(E)$ is positive. This compliments previous work on the Falconer conjecture (\\cite{Erd05} and the references there), as well as work on finite point configurations \\cite{EHI11,GI10}. We also give applications to Erd\\"os-type problems in discrete geometry and a fractal regular value theorem, providing a multilinear framework for the results in \\cite{EIT11}.

  5. Applicability of hybrid planar films of biaxial nematics for in-plane switching:A detailed Monte Carlo study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Kamala Latha; G. Sai Preeti; K. P. N. Murthy; V. S. S. Sastry

    2015-07-30

    Equilibrium director structures in two thin hybrid planar films of biaxial nematics are investigated through Markov chain Monte Carlo simulations based on a lattice Hamiltonian model within the London dispersion approximation. While the substrates of the two films induce similar anchoring influences on the long axes of the liquid crystal molecules (viz. planar orientation at one end and perpendicular, or homeotropic, orientations at the other), they differ in their coupling with the minor axes of the molecules. In Type-A film the substrates do not interact with the minor axes at all (which is experimentally relatively more amenable), while in Type-B, the orientations of the molecular axes at the surface layer are influenced as well by their biaxial coupling with the surface. Both films exhibit expected bending of the director associated with ordering of the molecular long axes due to surface anchoring. Simulation results indicate that the Type-A film hosts stable and noise free director structures in the biaxial nematic phase of the LC medium, resulting from dominant ordering of one of the minor axes in the plane of the substrates. High degree of this stable order thus developed could be of practical interest for in-plane switching applications with an external field. Type-B film, on the other hand, experiences competing interactions among the minor axes, due to incompatible anchoring influences at the bounding substrates, apparently leading to frustration, and hence to noisy equilibrium director structures.

  6. Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin FilmUnitedVairexVert Investment Group Jump to:Configurations

  7. Particle creation in (2+1) circular dust collapse

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gutti, Sashideep; Singh, T. P.

    2007-09-15

    We investigate the quantum particle creation during the circularly symmetric collapse of a 2+1 dust cloud, for the cases when the cosmological constant is either zero or negative. We derive the Ford-Parker formula for the 2+1 case, which can be used to compute the radiated quantum flux in the geometric optics approximation. It is shown that no particles are created when the collapse ends in a naked singularity, unlike in the 3+1 case. When the collapse ends in a Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black hole, we recover the expected Hawking radiation.

  8. Scour around a circular pile due to oscillatory wave motion 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, Donald Raymond

    1970-01-01

    in a large circular cylinder. Under steady state conditions the fall velocity is called the terminal velocity and the drag on the particle is equal to the submerged weight. Therefore for a sphere ~4/3 d ~s? (22) 20 where V = fall velocity... ANAT. YSIS OF SAND NO. 1 STEVF A&VA& YSIS OF SAND NO. 2 ELEVE ANALYSIS OF SAND NO. 3 C AS A FUViCTION OF REYNOLDS N!Jii(BER. D II', CJP ENT HO'!TON OCCURR1NG DN THF. '' Fi! E BG(JNI!ARY F()R VARIOUS VAL!!!'!S OF PUP LAT IVE l!AVE "!E IGHT I...

  9. Circular dichroism in the electron microscope: Progress and applications (invited)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schattschneider, P.; Loeffler, S.; Ennen, I.; Stoeger-Pollach, M.; Verbeeck, J.

    2010-05-15

    According to theory, x-ray magnetic circular dichroism in a synchrotron is equivalent to energy loss magnetic chiral dichroism (EMCD) in a transmission electron microscope (TEM). After a synopsis of the development of EMCD, the theoretical background is reviewed and recent results are presented, focusing on the study of magnetic nanoparticles for ferrofluids and Heusler alloys for spintronic devices. Simulated maps of the dichroic strength as a function of atom position in the crystal allow evaluating the influence of specimen thickness and sample tilt on the experimental EMCD signal. Finally, the possibility of direct observation of chiral electronic transitions with atomic resolution in a TEM is discussed.

  10. Public information circular for shipments of irradiated reactor fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-07-01

    This circular provides information on shipment of spent fuel subject to regulation by US NRC. It provides a brief description of spent fuel shipment safety and safeguards requirement of general interest, a summary of data for 1979-1995 highway and railway shipments, and a listing, by State, of recent highway and railway shipment routes. The enclosed route information reflects specific NRC approvals that have been granted in response to requests for shipments of spent fuel. This publication does not constitute authority for carriers or other persons to use the routes described to ship spent fuel, other categories of nuclear waste, or other materials.

  11. HotSpot Software Configuration Management Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, H; Homann, S G

    2009-03-12

    This Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) describes the software configuration management procedures used to ensure that the HotSpot dispersion model meets the requirements of its user base, which includes: (1) Users of the PC version of HotSpot for consequence assessment, hazard assessment and safety analysis calculations; and (2) Users of the NARAC Web and iClient software tools, which allow users to run HotSpot for consequence assessment modeling These users and sponsors of the HotSpot software and the organizations they represent constitute the intended audience for this document. This plan is intended to meet Critical Recommendations 1 and 3 from the Software Evaluation of HotSpot and DOE Safety Software Toolbox Recommendation for inclusion of HotSpot in the Department of Energy (DOE) Safety Software Toolbox. HotSpot software is maintained for the Department of Energy Office of Emergency Operations by the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). An overview of HotSpot and NARAC are provided.

  12. Rigid-rotor, field-reversed configuration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conti, F., E-mail: conti@df.unipi.it; Giammanco, F. [Physics Department “E. Fermi,” University of Pisa, Largo B. Pontecorvo 3, 56127 Pisa (Italy) [Physics Department “E. Fermi,” University of Pisa, Largo B. Pontecorvo 3, 56127 Pisa (Italy); Plasma Diagnostics and Technologies Ltd., Via Giuntini 63, 56023 Navacchio (PI) (Italy); Wessel, F. J.; Binderbauer, M. W.; Bolte, N.; Morehouse, M.; Qerushi, A.; Rahman, H. U.; Roche, T.; Slepchenkov, M. [Tri Alpha Energy, Inc., P.O. Box 7010, Rancho Santa Margarita, California 92688 (United States)] [Tri Alpha Energy, Inc., P.O. Box 7010, Rancho Santa Margarita, California 92688 (United States)

    2014-02-15

    The radial profiles, n(r), B{sub z}(r), and E{sub r}(r), for a Flux-Coil (“inductively driven”), Field-Reversed Configuration (FC-FRC) are measured and compared to the predictions of the Rigid-Rotor Model (RRM), which is an analytic, one-dimensional, time-independent, equilibrium description for the FRC. Injectors mounted on both ends of the confinement vessel provide a pre-fill plasma. Coaxial coils mounted outside the vacuum boundaries of the annular-confinement vessel accelerate the plasma and produce the FRC. The density profile is measured by laser interferometry, the magnetic-field profile using an in-situ probe array, and the electric-field profile using an in-situ, floating-probe array. Free parameters for each profile are measured, which also allow other intrinsic-plasma parameters to be determined, using computer-fit algorithms: null radius, radial thickness, plasma temperature, rotation frequencies, the latter of which are independently verified by spectroscopy. All radial profiles agree with the RRM predictions, for the experimental configuration, parameter regime, and specified-time interval studied here.

  13. Context Based Configuration Management Yuri Gawdiak Mohana Gurram

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maluf, David A.

    management for daily issues. However, strategic management and decisions also have a requirement strategic planning and decision making environments. The Context Based Configuration Management (CBCM1 Context Based Configuration Management Yuri Gawdiak Mohana Gurram NASA, ARMD RIACS, NASA, ARC 300

  14. OUTLOOK 2007 -Configuration POP 1. Slectionnez le menu Outils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charette, André

    OUTLOOK 2007 - Configuration POP 1. Sélectionnez le menu Outils 2. Sélectionnez le menu Paramètres. Cliquez sur le bouton Suivant 20. Cliquez sur le bouton Terminer. #12;OUTLOOK 2007 - Configuration IMAP 1

  15. Guidelines and Metrics for Configurable and Sustainable Architectural Knowledge Modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brezany, Peter

    Guidelines and Metrics for Configurable and Sustainable Architectural Knowledge Modelling ABSTRACT erosion, architecture knowledge, technical sustainability, technical debt. 1. INTRODUCTION Architectural to achieve architecture sustainability. Our main contributions of this paper is a configurable meta

  16. Classifier based on support vector machine for JET plasma configurations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dormido-Canto, S.; Farias, G.; Dormido, R.; Sanchez, J.; Duro, N.; Vargas, H.

    2008-10-15

    The last flux surface can be used to identify the plasma configuration of discharges. For automated recognition of JET configurations, a learning system based on support vector machines has been developed. Each configuration is described by 12 geometrical parameters. A multiclass system has been developed by means of the one-versus-the-rest approach. Results with eight simultaneous classes (plasma configurations) show a success rate close to 100%.

  17. Mining Configurable Process Models from Collections of Event Logs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    towards the discovery of a configurable process model based on a collection of event logs. In this paper related work on process discovery, configurable process models and current model merging techniquesMining Configurable Process Models from Collections of Event Logs J.C.A.M. Buijs, B.F. van Dongen

  18. The Motion Of A Spring Released From Uniform Circular Motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dooling, Thomas; Carnaghi, Matthew; Titus, Aaron

    2015-01-01

    A weak spring is connected at one end to a rotor turning at constant angular velocity. The spring extends to a stretched length as determined by the spring mass, rest length, spring constant, rotor radius and rotor angular velocity. When released from the rotor, the inner end of the spring pulls away as expected, causing a wave to travel down the spring as it collapses. During this time interval, the outer end of the spring continues to move along its original circular path in uniform circular motion, as if the spring were still connected to the rotor. This is analogous to the effect of a hanging Slinky released from rest whose bottom end remains at a fixed position above the ground until a wave from the top of the Slinky reaches the bottom of the Slinky. Values from a numerical model and measurements from video analysis show that upon release the inner end travels along a circle of similar radius as the outer end. The effect appears as a series of alternating semi-circles. In addition, the simulation and dat...

  19. NEAR-INFRARED CIRCULAR POLARIZATION IMAGES OF NGC 6334-V

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwon, Jungmi; Tamura, Motohide; Hashimoto, Jun; Kusakabe, Nobuhiko; Kandori, Ryo; Lucas, Phil W.; Hough, James H.; Nakajima, Yasushi; Nagayama, Takahiro; Nagata, Tetsuya

    2013-03-01

    We present results from deep imaging linear and circular polarimetry of the massive star-forming region NGC 6334-V. These observations show high degrees of circular polarization (CP), as much as 22% in the K{sub s} band, in the infrared nebula associated with the outflow. The CP has an asymmetric positive/negative pattern and is very extended ({approx}80'' or 0.65 pc). Both the high CP and its extended size are larger than those seen in the Orion CP region. Three-dimensional Monte Carlo light-scattering models are used to show that the high CP may be produced by scattering from the infrared nebula followed by dichroic extinction by an optically thick foreground cloud containing aligned dust grains. Our results show not only the magnetic field orientation of around young stellar objects, but also the structure of circumstellar matter such as outflow regions and their parent molecular cloud along the line of sight. The detection of the large and extended CP in this source and the Orion nebula may imply the CP origin of the biological homochirality on Earth.

  20. Review of field-reversed configurations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steinhauer, Loren C. [Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)

    2011-07-15

    This review addresses field-reversed configurations (FRCs), which are compact-toroidal magnetic systems with little or no toroidal field and very high {beta} (ratio of plasma pressure to magnetic pressure). Although enthusiasm for the FRC has primarily been driven by its potential for an attractive fusion reactor, this review focuses on the physics rather than on technological or engineering aspects. Major advances in both theory and experiment have taken place since the previous comprehensive FRC review in 1988. Even so many questions remain. In particular, even though FRC experiments have exhibited remarkable stability, how well this extrapolates to larger systems remains unresolved. The review considers FRCs under familiar topical categories: equilibrium, global stability, self-organization, transport, formation, and sustainment.

  1. Vehicle drive module having improved cooling configuration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Radosevich, Lawrence D.; Meyer, Andreas A.; Kannenberg, Daniel G.; Kaishian, Steven C.; Beihoff, Bruce C.

    2007-02-13

    An electric vehicle drive includes a thermal support may receive one or more power electronic circuits. The support may aid in removing heat from the circuits through fluid circulating through the support. Power electronic circuits are thermally matched, such as between component layers and between the circuits and the support. The support may form a shield from both external EMI/RFI and from interference generated by operation of the power electronic circuits. Features may be provided to permit and enhance connection of the circuitry to external circuitry, such as improved terminal configurations. Modular units may be assembled that may be coupled to electronic circuitry via plug-in arrangements or through interface with a backplane or similar mounting and interconnecting structures.

  2. Equilibrium Configurations of Cantilever under Terminal Loads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milan Batista

    2013-03-27

    The paper provides an exact analytical solution for equilibrium configurations of cantilever rod subject to inclined force and torque acting on its free end. The solution is given in terms of Jacobi elliptical functions and illustrated by several numerical examples and several graphical presentations of shapes of deformed cantilever. Possible forms of cantilever underlying elastica are discussed in details and various simple formulas are given for calculation of characteristic dimensions of elastica. For the case when cantilever is subject only to applied force four load conditions are discussed: follower load problem, load determination problem, conservative load problem and rotational load problem. For all the cases the formulas or effective procedure for solution is given.

  3. Generator configuration for solid oxide fuel cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reichner, Philip (Plum Boro, PA)

    1989-01-01

    Disclosed are improvements in a solid oxide fuel cell generator 1 having a multiplicity of electrically connected solid oxide fuel cells 2, where a fuel gas is passed over one side of said cells and an oxygen-containing gas is passed over the other side of said cells resulting in the generation of heat and electricity. The improvements comprise arranging the cells in the configuration of a circle, a spiral, or folded rows within a cylindrical generator, and modifying the flow rate, oxygen concentration, and/or temperature of the oxygen-containing gases that flow to those cells that are at the periphery of the generator relative to those cells that are at the center of the generator. In these ways, a more uniform temperature is obtained throughout the generator.

  4. MUSKHELISHVILI'S METHOD APPLIED TO ELLIPTICAL AND LUBRICATED CIRCULAR INCLUSIONS IN GENERAL SHEAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podladchikov, Yuri

    MUSKHELISHVILI'S METHOD APPLIED TO ELLIPTICAL AND LUBRICATED CIRCULAR INCLUSIONS IN GENERAL SHEAR and Elliptical Inclusions, Lubricated Inclusions, Mantled Inclusions, Pure and Simple Shear, Viscous Rheology

  5. On the injectivity of the circular Radon transform arising in thermoacoustic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On the injectivity of the circular Radon transform arising in thermoacoustic tomography Gaik, thermoacoustic tomogra­ phy (TAT or TCT) and its sibling photoacoustic tomography (PAT) have already made

  6. Circular grating interferometer for mapping transverse coherence area of X-ray beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shi, Xianbo, E-mail: xshi@aps.anl.gov; Marathe, Shashidhara; Wojcik, Michael J.; Kujala, Naresh G.; Macrander, Albert T.; Assoufid, Lahsen [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S Cass Ave, Lemont, Illinois 60439 (United States)

    2014-07-28

    A circular grating interferometer was used to map the transverse coherence area of an X-ray beam. Due to the radial symmetry of the circular grating, coherence lengths along all transverse directions were obtained simultaneously by measuring the visibility decay of interferograms recorded at different distances behind a single circular ?/2 phase grating. The technique is model-free and provides direct measurement of the complex coherence factor of the beam. The use of a circular grating also enables the unique capability of measuring the source shape profile. Sensitivity of this technique was demonstrated by detecting the small source tilt of a few degrees.

  7. HYDROGEN PEROXIDE DETECTED ON MARS IAU Circular 8254 9 December 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atreya, Sushil

    HYDROGEN PEROXIDE DETECTED ON MARS IAU Circular 8254 9 December 2003 Central Bureau. Wong, University of Michigan, report: "On June 20, we made an unambiguous detection of hydrogen

  8. Method and apparatus configured for identification of a material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Slater, John M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Crawford, Thomas M. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2000-01-01

    The present invention includes an apparatus configured for identification of a material, and methods of identifying a material. One embodiment of the invention provides an apparatus including a first region configured to receive a first sample, the first region being configured to output a first spectrum corresponding to the first sample and responsive to exposure of the first sample to radiation; a modulator configured to modulate the first spectrum according to a first frequency; a second region configured to receive a second sample, the second region being configured to output a second spectrum corresponding to the second sample and responsive to exposure of the second sample to the modulated first spectrum; and a detector configured to detect the second spectrum having a second frequency greater than the first frequency.

  9. Electron energy spectrum in circularly polarized laser irradiated overdense plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, C. S.; Tripathi, V. K.; Shao, Xi; Kumar, Pawan

    2014-10-15

    A circularly polarized laser normally impinged on an overdense plasma thin foil target is shown to accelerate the electrons in the skin layer towards the rear, converting the quiver energy into streaming energy exactly if one ignores the space charge field. The energy distribution of electrons is close to Maxwellian with an upper cutoff ?{sub max}=mc{sup 2}[(1+a{sub 0}{sup 2}){sup 1/2}?1], where a{sub 0}{sup 2}=(1+(2?{sup 2}/?{sub p}{sup 2})|a{sub in}|{sup 2}){sup 2}?1, |a{sub in}| is the normalized amplitude of the incident laser of frequency ?, and ?{sub p} is the plasma frequency. The energetic electrons create an electrostatic sheath at the rear and cause target normal sheath acceleration of protons. The energy gain by the accelerated ions is of the order of ?{sub max}.

  10. Tunable Circularly-Polarized Terahertz Radiation from Magnetized Gas Plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, W -M; Sheng, Z -M; Li, Y -T

    2015-01-01

    It is shown by simulation and theory that circularly or elliptically polarized terahertz radiation can be generated when a static magnetic (B) field is imposed on a gas target along the propagation direction of a two-color laser driver. The radiation frequency is determined by $\\sqrt{\\omega_p^2+{\\omega_c^2}/{4}} + {\\omega_c}/{2}$, where $\\omega_p$ is the plasma frequency and $\\omega_c$ is the electron cyclotron frequency. With the increase of the B field, the radiation changes from a single-cycle broadband waveform to a continuous narrow-band emission. In high B field cases, the radiation strength is proportional to $\\omega_p^2/\\omega_c$. The B field provides a tunability in the radiation frequency, spectrum width, and field strength.

  11. Spontaneous azimuthal breakout and instability at the circular hydraulic jump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Arnab K; Basu, Abhik; Bhattacharjee, Jayanta K

    2015-01-01

    We consider a shallow, two-dimensional flow of a liquid in which the radial and the azimuthal dynamics are coupled to each other. The steady and radial background flow of this system creates an axially symmetric circular hydraulic jump. On this background we apply time-dependent perturbations of the matter flow rate and the azimuthal flow velocity, with the latter strongly localized at the hydraulic jump. The perturbed variables depend spatially on both the radial and azimuthal coordinates. Linearization of the perturbations gives a coupled system of wave equations. The characteristic equations extracted from these wave equations show that under a marginally stable condition a spontaneous breaking of axial symmetry occurs at the position of the hydraulic jump. Departure from the marginal stability shows further that a linear instability develops in the azimuthal direction, resulting in an azimuthal transport of liquid at the hydraulic jump. The time for the growth of azimuthal instability is scaled by viscosi...

  12. Simulations of beam envelope dynamics in circular accelerators

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chao, Hung-Chun; Lee, S.?Y.

    2015-02-01

    The envelope instability of high intensity beams in circular accelerators is studied via multiparticle simulations. The space charge kicks are derived from a Gaussian potential model for an efficient tracking. The evolution of the envelope phase space coordinates are derived from the bunch distribution. We found that the envelope stop band played an important role in emittance growth. Correction schemes of the envelope stop bands are studied. Because the space charge force pushes the envelope tunes downward, harmonics less than twice the betatron tunes are also important on emittance growth. Our code is efficient and fast, it can be usedmore »to study the effect of space charge force on high power accelerators.« less

  13. Protein Characterisation by Synchrotron Radiation Circular Dichroism (SRCD) Spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wallace, B.

    2009-01-01

    Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy is a well-established technique for the study of proteins. Synchrotron radiation circular dichroism (SRCD) spectroscopy extends the utility of conventional CD spectroscopy (i.e. using laboratory-based instruments) because the high light flux from a synchrotron enables collection of data to lower wavelengths, detection of spectra with higher signal-to-noise levels and measurements in the presence of strongly absorbing non-chiral components such as salts, buffers, lipids and detergents. This review describes developments in instrumentation, methodologies and bioinformatics that have enabled new applications of the SRCD technique for the study of proteins. It includes examples of the use of SRCD spectroscopy for providing static and dynamic structural information on molecules, including determinations of secondary structures of intact proteins and domains, assessment of protein stability, detection of conformational changes associated with ligand and drug binding, monitoring of environmental effects, examination of the processes of protein folding and membrane insertion, comparisons of mutant and modified proteins, identification of intermolecular interactions and complex formation, determination of the dispositions of proteins in membranes, identification of natively disordered proteins and their binding partners and examination of the carbohydrate components of glycoproteins. It also discusses how SRCD can be used in conjunction with macromolecular crystallography and other biophysical techniques to provide a more complete picture of protein structures and functions, including how proteins interact with other macromolecules and ligands. This review also includes a discussion of potential new applications in structural and functional genomics using SRCD spectroscopy and future instrumentation and bioinformatics developments that will enable such studies. Finally, the appendix describes a number of computational/bioinformatics resources for secondary structure analyses that take advantage of the improved data quality available from SRCD. In summary, this review discusses how SRCD can be used for a wide range of structural and functional studies of proteins.

  14. Flexible In-plane Photonic Devices Based on Transferrable Si Nanomembranes on Polyimide This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ray

    Flexible In-plane Photonic Devices Based on Transferrable Si Nanomembranes on Polyimide Film on Transferrable Si Nanomembranes on Polyimide Film Xiaochuan Xu1 , Harish Subbaraman2 , Daniel T. Pham1 , Amir the transfer of in-plane Silicon nanomembrane photonic devices on polyimide flexible film. Employing a slightly

  15. SAPHIRE 8 Software Configuration Management Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtis Smith

    2010-01-01

    The INL software developers use version control for both the formally released SAPHIRE versions, as well as for source code. For each formal release of the software, the developers perform an acceptance test: the software must pass a suite of automated tests prior to official release. Each official release of SAPHIRE is assigned a unique version identifier. The release is bundled into a standard installation package for easy and consistent set-up by individual users. Included in the release is a list of bug fixes and new features for the current release, as well as a history of those items for past releases. Each formal release of SAPHIRE will have passed an acceptance test. In addition to assignment of a unique version identifier for an official software release, each source code file is kept in a controlled library. Source code is a collection of all the computer instructions written by developers to create the finished product. The library is kept on a server, where back-ups are regularly made. This document describes the configuration management approach used as part of the SAPHIRE development.

  16. A high performance field-reversed configuration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Binderbauer, M. W.; Tajima, T.; Steinhauer, L. C.; Garate, E.; Tuszewski, M.; Smirnov, A.; Gota, H.; Barnes, D.; Deng, B. H.; Thompson, M. C.; Trask, E.; Yang, X.; Putvinski, S.; Rostoker, N.; Andow, R.; Aefsky, S.; Bolte, N.; Bui, D. Q.; Ceccherini, F.; Clary, R.; and others

    2015-05-15

    Conventional field-reversed configurations (FRCs), high-beta, prolate compact toroids embedded in poloidal magnetic fields, face notable stability and confinement concerns. These can be ameliorated by various control techniques, such as introducing a significant fast ion population. Indeed, adding neutral beam injection into the FRC over the past half-decade has contributed to striking improvements in confinement and stability. Further, the addition of electrically biased plasma guns at the ends, magnetic end plugs, and advanced surface conditioning led to dramatic reductions in turbulence-driven losses and greatly improved stability. Together, these enabled the build-up of a well-confined and dominant fast-ion population. Under such conditions, highly reproducible, macroscopically stable hot FRCs (with total plasma temperature of ?1?keV) with record lifetimes were achieved. These accomplishments point to the prospect of advanced, beam-driven FRCs as an intriguing path toward fusion reactors. This paper reviews key results and presents context for further interpretation.

  17. Blank fire configuration for automatic pistol

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Teague, Tommy L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1990-01-01

    A pistol configured to fire blank cartridges includes a modified barrel with a breech portion connected to an aligned inner sleeve. Around the inner sleeve, there is disposed an outer sleeve having a vent therein through which the cartridge discharges. The breech portion is connected to a barrel anchor to move backward in a slight arc when the pistol is fired. A spring retention rod projects from the barrel anchor and receives a shortened recoil spring therearound which recoil spring has one end abutting a stop on the barrel anchor and the other end in abutment with the end of a spring retaining cup. The spring retaining cup is engaged by a flange projecting from a slide so that when the pistol is fired, the slide moves rearwardly against the compression of the spring to eject the spent cartridge and then moves forwardly under the urging of the spring to load a fresh cartridge into the breech portion. The spring then returns all of the slidable elements to their initial position so that the pistol may again be fired.

  18. Configuration Interaction with Antisymmetrized Geminal Powers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uemura, Wataru; Sugino, Osamu

    2015-01-01

    To avoid the combinatorial computational cost of configuration interaction (CI), we have previously introduced the symmetric tensor decomposition CI (STD-CI) method, where we take advantage of the antisymmetric nature of the electronic wave function and express the CI coefficients compactly as a series of Kronecker product states (STD series) [W. Uemura and O. Sugino, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253001 (2012)]. Here we extend the variational degrees of freedom by using different molecular orbitals for different terms in the STD series. This scheme is equivalent to the linear combination of the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov state or the antisymmetrized geminal powers (AGP). The total energy converges very rapidly within 0.72 $\\mu$Hartree taking only 10 terms for the water molecule, and the convergence is likewise fast for Hubbard tetramers. The computational cost scales as the fifth power of the number of electrons and the square of the number of terms in the STD series, indicating the promise of this AGP-based scheme for...

  19. Economizing the LBNE configuration with current experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monojit Ghosh; Srubabati Goswami; Sushant K. Raut

    2014-12-04

    The LBNE superbeam experiment in Fermilab is one of the proposed next generation neutrino facilities. Its aims include measuring the unknown neutrino oscillation parameters -- the neutrino mass hierarchy, the octant of the mixing angle $\\theta_{23}$ and the CP violating phase $\\delta_{CP}$. The current and upcoming experiments T2K, NOvA and ICAL@INO will also be collecting data for the same measurements. In this paper, we explore the sensitivity reach of LBNE in combination with these other experiments. We evaluate the least exposure required by LBNE to determine the above three unknown parameters with reasonable confidence. We find that for each case, the inclusion of data from T2K, NOvA and ICAL@INO help to achieve the same sensitivity with a reduced exposure from LBNE thereby helping to economize the configuration. We also quantify the effect of the proposed near detector on systematic errors and study the consequent improvement in sensitivity. We also examine the role played by the second oscillation cycle in furthering the physics reach of LBNE. Finally, we optimize the neutrino-antineutrino running of LBNE.

  20. High harmonic generation spectra of aligned benzene in circular polarized laser field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moiseyev, Nimrod

    High harmonic generation spectra of aligned benzene in circular polarized laser field Petra Zda-order harmonic generation in benzene, aligned in the polarization plane of circular polarized laser field-lived resonance state up to the intensity of about 90 TW cm 2 . The high-order harmonics emitted by the system

  1. Duct spinning mode's particle velocity imaging with in-duct circular microphone array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Xun

    Duct spinning mode's particle velocity imaging with in-duct circular microphone array Qingkai Wei's Republic of China Nowadays, the measurements within a duct have to be conducted using in-duct microphone. In this work, an imaging method of acoustic spinning modes propagating within a circular duct simply

  2. SOUND TRANSMISSION IN SLOWLY VARYING CIRCULAR AND ANNULAR LINED DUCTS WITH FLOW a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    SOUND TRANSMISSION IN SLOWLY VARYING CIRCULAR AND ANNULAR LINED DUCTS WITH FLOW a S.W. Rienstra/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference, June 2­4, 1998, Toulouse ABSTRACT Sound transmission through straight circular ducts by a modal expansion. A natural ex­ tension for ducts with axially slowly varying properties (diameter

  3. A new single surface integral equation for light scattering by circular dielectric cylinders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    A new single surface integral equation for light scattering by circular dielectric cylinders Chang A new single surface integral equation is derived for light scattering by circular dielectric cylinders is directly derived from coupled-surface integral equations by the prop- erty of commutative matrices of Green

  4. Evaluation of Circular-Shaped Features on the Surface of Solar Cells from the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to earth, while the other one was jettisoned. Two solar panel assemblies of the retrieved wing wereEvaluation of Circular-Shaped Features on the Surface of Solar Cells from the Hubble Space by the manufacturer of the CMX coverglass of the HST solar cells, circular shaped features of unknown origin were

  5. Modeling and Optimization Issues Concerning a Circular Piezoelectric Actuator Design \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling and Optimization Issues Concerning a Circular Piezoelectric Actuator Design \\Lambda Steven Raleigh, NC 27695 Abstract An electromechanical model for a circular piezoelectric actuator is developed and analyzed. A crit­ ical challenge in certain applications employing piezoceramic actuators is to maximize

  6. Phase space structure of the hydrogen atom in a circularly polarized microwave field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    Phase space structure of the hydrogen atom in a circularly polarized microwave field Esther Barrab the problem of the hydrogen atom interacting with a circularly polarized microwave field, modeled]. Obviously chaotic dynamics, e.g., in the Solar System, can have a variety of conse- quences many of which

  7. Gauge Configurations for Lattice QCD from The Gauge Connection

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Gauge Connection is an experimental archive for lattice QCD and a repository of gauge configurations made freely available to the community. Contributors to the archive include the Columbia QCDSP collaboration, the MILC collaboration, and others. Configurations are stored in QCD archive format, consisting of an ASCII header which defines various parameters, followed by binary data. NERSC has also provided some utilities and examples that will aid users in handling the data. Users may browse the archive, but are required to register for a password in order to download data. Contents of the archive are organized under four broad headings: Quenched (more than 1200 configurations); Dynamical, Zero Temperature (more than 300 configurations); MILC Improved Staggered Asqtad Lattices (more than 7000 configurations); and Dynamical, Finite Temperature (more than 1200 configurations)

  8. On Static n-body Configurations in Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Beig; Richard M. Schoen

    2009-03-08

    The static n-body problem of General Relativity states that there are, under a reasonable energy condition, no static $n$-body configurations for $n > 1$, provided the configuration of the bodies satisfies a suitable separation condition. In this paper we solve this problem in the case that there exists a closed, noncompact, totally geodesic surface disjoint from the bodies. This covers the situation where the configuration has a reflection symmetry across a noncompact surface disjoint from the bodies.

  9. Concealed configuration mixing and shape coexistence in the platinum nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia-Ramos, J. E.; Hellemans, V.; Heyde, K.

    2012-10-20

    The role of configuration mixing in the Pt region is investigated. The nature of the ground state changes smoothly, being spherical around mass A{approx} 174 and A{approx} 192 and deformed around the mid-shell N= 104 region. Interacting Boson Model with configuration mixing calculations are presented for deformations and isotope shifts. The assumption of the existence of two configurations with very different deformation provides a simple framework to explain the observed isotope shifts systematics.

  10. Battery Choices for Different Plug-in HEV Configurations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pesaran, A.

    2006-07-12

    Presents battery choices for different plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) configurations to reduce cost and to improve performance and life.

  11. Configuration of ripple domains and their topological defects...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    their topological defects formed under local mechanical stress on hexagonal monolayer graphene Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Configuration of ripple domains and their...

  12. Inductrack III configuration--a maglev system for high loads...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    track of the Inductrack II configuration. The use of a cantilevered track could present mechanical design problems in attempting to achieve a strong enough track system such that...

  13. INDUCTRACK III CONFIGURATION - A MAGLEV SYSTEM FOR HIGH LOADS...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    track of the Inductrack II configuration. The use of a cantilevered track could present mechanical design problems in attempting to achieve a strong enough track system such that...

  14. Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations At Mt Princeton Hot...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations At Mt Princeton Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Zohdy, Et Al., 1971) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home...

  15. Ideal Configuration For Nanoscale Solar Cells - Energy Innovation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ideal Configuration For Nanoscale Solar Cells Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Contact LBL About This Technology Technology Marketing SummaryThe standard design of excitonic...

  16. Pakistan creates national centre for physics/Symmetry violation in a new setting/CERN: Circular solution to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-01-01

    Pakistan creates national centre for physics/Symmetry violation in a new setting/CERN: Circular solution to

  17. ARM: Surface Radiation Measurement Quality Control testing, including climatologically configurable limits

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Yan Shi; Laura Riihimaki

    1994-01-07

    Surface Radiation Measurement Quality Control testing, including climatologically configurable limits

  18. ARM: Surface Radiation Measurement Quality Control testing, including climatologically configurable limits

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Yan Shi; Laura Riihimaki

    Surface Radiation Measurement Quality Control testing, including climatologically configurable limits

  19. Magnetic reconnection configurations and particle acceleration in solar flares

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, P. F.

    types of solar flares. Upper panel: two-ribbon flares; Lower panel: compact flares. The color showsMagnetic reconnection configurations and particle acceleration in solar flares P. F. Chen, W. J space under different magnetic configurations. Key words: solar flares, magnetic reconnection, particle

  20. ForestFirewalls: Getting Firewall Configuration Right in Critical Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roughan, Matthew

    in Supervisory Control and Data Ac- quisition (SCADA) networks. These networks control the distributed assets-level ap- proach to configuring SCADA firewalls. Our goals are three- fold. We aim to: first, decouple network to demonstrate its effectiveness in simplifying and automating the configuration of SCADA

  1. A Configurable Reference Modelling Language1 M. Rosemanna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Systems, Configuration, Event-Driven Process Chains 1 This research project is financially supported by SAP Research. #12;- 2 - 1 Introduction Enterprise Systems (ES) offer business solutions for typical language used in the by far most successful Enterprise System (SAP) with configurable elements. Thus

  2. DIPPED MAGNETIC FIELD CONFIGURATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH FILAMENTS AND BARBS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Priest, Eric

    DIPPED MAGNETIC FIELD CONFIGURATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH FILAMENTS AND BARBS D. H. MACKAY, A. W. It is assumed that the field configurations are suitable to represent filaments if they contain magnetic dips have the correct left-bearing/right-bearing orientation for dextral/sinistral filaments. When

  3. SafeConnect | Home Router Configuration This document provides configuration instructions to prevent home routers from functioning as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    ; keep the power plugged in. 2. Remain connected to the router via wireless, log into the admin consoleSafe·Connect | Home Router Configuration This document provides configuration instructions to prevent home routers from functioning as Network Address Translation (NAT) devices. #12;Home Router

  4. Appendix III to OMB Circular No. A-130 -Security of Federal Automated Information Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appendix III to OMB Circular No. A-130 - Security of Federal Automated Information Resources A automated information security programs; assigns Federal agency responsibilities for the security of automated information; and links agency automated information security programs and agency management

  5. Recent developments in instrumentation and bioinformatics show that the technique of synchrotron radiation circular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janes, Bob

    567 Recent developments in instrumentation and bioinformatics show that the technique conventional lab-based circular dichroism instruments. Addresses *School of Crystallography, Birkbeck College for protein studies are available at the Synchrotron Radiation Source (SRS; UK) (http

  6. Condensation heat transfer in square, triangular, and semi-circular mini-channels Melanie Derby a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peles, Yoav

    Condensation heat transfer in square, triangular, and semi-circular mini-channels Melanie Derby a , Hee Joon Lee a,b , Yoav Peles a , Michael K. Jensen a, a Department of Mechanical, Aerospace

  7. CO-CIRCULAR RELATIVE EQUILIBRIA OF FOUR VORTICES JONATHAN GOMEZ, ALEXANDER GUTIERREZ, JOHN LITTLE, ROBERTO PELAYO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, John B.

    CO-CIRCULAR RELATIVE EQUILIBRIA OF FOUR VORTICES JONATHAN GOMEZ, ALEXANDER GUTIERREZ, JOHN LITTLE-1045147 and a grant from the National Security Agency. 1 #12;2 GOMEZ, GUTIERREZ, LITTLE, PELAYO

  8. On the configuration space topology in general relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Domenico Giulini

    1993-01-25

    The configuration-space topology in canonical General Relativity depends on the choice of the initial data 3-manifold. If the latter is represented as a connected sum of prime 3-manifolds, the topology receives contributions from all configuration spaces associated to each individual prime factor. There are by now strong results available concerning the diffeomorphism group of prime 3-manifolds which are exploited to examine the topology of the configuration spaces in terms of their homotopy groups. We explicitly show how to obtain these for the class of homogeneous spherical primes, and communicate the results for all other known primes except the non-sufficiently large ones of infinite fundamental group.

  9. Use of Crystals for High Energy Photon Beam Linear Polarization Conversion into Circular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Z. Akopov; A. B. Apyan; S. M. Darbinyan

    2000-02-17

    The possibility to convert the photon beam linear polarization into circular one at photon energies of hundreds GeV with the use of crystals is considered. The energy and orientation dependencies of refractive indexes are investigated in case of diamond, silicon and germanium crystal targets. To maximize the values for figure of merit, the corresponding crystal optimal orientation angles and thickness are found. The degree of circular polarization and intensity of photon beam are estimated and possibility of experimental realization is discussed.

  10. Composition dependence of the in-plane Cu-O bond-stretching LO phonon mode in YBa2Cu3O6+x

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stercil, F.; Egami, T.; Mook Jr, Herbert A; Yethiraj, Mohana; Chung, J.-H.; Arai, M.; Frost, C.; Dogan, F.

    2008-01-01

    An inelastic pulsed neutron scattering study was performed on the dependence of the dispersion and spectral intensity of the in-plane Cu-O bond-stretching LO phonon mode on doped charge density. The measurements were made in the time-of-flight mode with the multiangle position sensitive spectrometer of the ISIS facility on single crystals of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} (x=0.15, 0.35, 0.6, 0.7, and 0.95). The focus of the study is the in-plane Cu-O bond-stretching LO phonon mode, which is known for strong electron-phonon coupling and unusual dependence on composition and temperature. It is shown that the dispersions for the samples with x=0.35, 0.6, and 0.7 are similar to the superposition of those for x=0.15 and 0.95 samples, and cannot be explained in terms of the structural anisotropy. It is suggested that the results are consistent with the model of nanoscale electronic phase separation, with the fraction of the phases being dependent on the doped charge density.

  11. Stochastic bifurcation and fractal and chaos control of a giant magnetostrictive film-shape memory alloy composite cantilever plate subjected to in-plane harmonic and stochastic excitation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Zhiwen, E-mail: zhuzhiwentju@163.com [Department of Mechanics, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China); Tianjin Key Laboratory of Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos Control, Tianjin 300072 (China); Zhang, Qingxin, E-mail: zqxfirst@163.com; Xu, Jia, E-mail: xujia-ld@163.com [Department of Mechanics, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)

    2014-05-07

    Stochastic bifurcation and fractal and chaos control of a giant magnetostrictive film–shape memory alloy (GMF–SMA) composite cantilever plate subjected to in-plane harmonic and stochastic excitation were studied. Van der Pol items were improved to interpret the hysteretic phenomena of both GMF and SMA, and the nonlinear dynamic model of a GMF–SMA composite cantilever plate subjected to in-plane harmonic and stochastic excitation was developed. The probability density function of the dynamic response of the system was obtained, and the conditions of stochastic Hopf bifurcation were analyzed. The conditions of noise-induced chaotic response were obtained in the stochastic Melnikov integral method, and the fractal boundary of the safe basin of the system was provided. Finally, the chaos control strategy was proposed in the stochastic dynamic programming method. Numerical simulation shows that stochastic Hopf bifurcation and chaos appear in the parameter variation process. The boundary of the safe basin of the system has fractal characteristics, and its area decreases when the noise intensifies. The system reliability was improved through stochastic optimal control, and the safe basin area of the system increased.

  12. Healthcare Facility Location and Capacity Configuration under Stochastic Demand 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Xue

    2014-12-18

    This dissertation addresses two topics. The first topic is strategic dynamic supply chain reconfiguration (DSCR) problem, in which the proposed capacity configuration network is employed in the second topic: healthcare facility location and capacity...

  13. Shape-Sensitive Configurational Descriptions of Building Plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rashid, Mahbub

    2012-01-01

    plans as configurations of spaces taking into consideration the elements of shape explicitly. First, the traditional space syntax techniques are applied to a more shapesensitive partition of a plan in order to find out if these techniques would reveal...

  14. High Energy Electron Confinement in a Magnetic Cusp Configuration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Jaeyoung; Sieck, Paul E; Offermann, Dustin T; Skillicorn, Michael; Sanchez, Andrew; Davis, Kevin; Alderson, Eric; Lapenta, Giovanni

    2014-01-01

    We report experimental results validating the concept that plasma confinement is enhanced in a magnetic cusp configuration when beta (plasma pressure/magnetic field pressure) is order of unity. This enhancement is required for a fusion power reactor based on cusp confinement to be feasible. The magnetic cusp configuration possesses a critical advantage: the plasma is stable to large scale perturbations. However, early work indicated that plasma loss rates in a reactor based on a cusp configuration were too large for net power production. Grad and others theorized that at high beta a sharp boundary would form between the plasma and the magnetic field, leading to substantially smaller loss rates. The current experiment validates this theoretical conjecture for the first time and represents critical progress toward the Polywell fusion concept which combines a high beta cusp configuration with an electrostatic fusion for a compact, economical, power-producing nuclear fusion reactor.

  15. Baffle Configuration Effects on Dynamo Self-Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    Baffle Configuration Effects on Dynamo Self-Generation Understanding the Dynamics of the Earths Earth, an example of a self generating magnetic field. Self Generation, what helps: High magnetic

  16. Adsorption configurations of two nitrogen atoms on graphene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rani, Babita, E-mail: babitabaghla15@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Punjabi University, Patiala- 147 002 and Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh- 160 014 (India); Jindal, V. K.; Dharamvir, Keya [Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh- 160 014 (India)

    2014-04-24

    We present calculations for different possible configurations of two nitrogen adatoms on graphene using the code VASP, based on Density Functional Theory (DFT). Two N atoms adsorbed on the graphene sheet can share a bond in two ways. They take positions either just above two adjacent carbon atoms or they form a bridge across opposite bonds of a hexagon in the graphene sheet. Both these configurations result into structural distortion of the sheet. Another stable configuration involving two N atoms consists of an N{sub 2} molecule which is physisorbed at a distance 3.69 Å on the graphene sheet. Two N atoms can also be adsorbed on alternate bridge sites of neighbouring hexagons of graphene. This configuration again leads to distortion of the sheet in perpendicular direction.

  17. A study of neutron-deuteron scattering in configuration space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. M. Suslov; M. A. Braun; I. Filikhin; B. Vlahovic

    2006-10-09

    A new computational method for solving the configuration-space Faddeev equations for the breakup scattering problem has been applied to nd scattering both below and above the two-body threshold.

  18. Providing Configuration Management Support in Software Engineering Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Jun

    Providing Configuration Management Support in Software Engineering Environments Jun Han Peninsula development project. A software engineering environment should not only pro- vide support for software products and software processes in general, but also pay attention to high level software engineering

  19. V-120: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access Control Flaw Lets Remote Users Gain Full Control PLATFORM: Version(s): prior to 9.2 ABSTRACT: Two vulnerabilities were...

  20. Radio Frequency Station - Beam Dynamics Interaction in Circular Accelerators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mastoridis, Themistoklis; /Stanford U., Elect. Eng. Dept. /SLAC

    2011-03-01

    The longitudinal beam dynamics in circular accelerators is mainly defined by the interaction of the beam current with the accelerating Radio Frequency (RF) stations. For stable operation, Low Level RF (LLRF) feedback systems are employed to reduce coherent instabilities and regulate the accelerating voltage. The LLRF system design has implications for the dynamics and stability of the closed-loop RF systems as well as for the particle beam, and is very sensitive to the operating range of accelerator currents and energies. Stability of the RF loop and the beam are necessary conditions for reliable machine operation. This dissertation describes theoretical formalisms and models that determine the longitudinal beam dynamics based on the LLRF implementation, time domain simulations that capture the dynamic behavior of the RF station-beam interaction, and measurements from the Positron-Electron Project (PEP-II) and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) that validate the models and simulations. These models and simulations are structured to capture the technical characteristics of the system (noise contributions, non-linear elements, and more). As such, they provide useful results and insight for the development and design of future LLRF feedback systems. They also provide the opportunity to study diverse longitudinal beam dynamics effects such as coupled-bunch impedance driven instabilities and single bunch longitudinal emittance growth. Coupled-bunch instabilities and RF station power were the performance limiting effects for PEP-II. The sensitivity of the instabilities to individual LLRF parameters, the effectiveness of alternative operational algorithms, and the possible tradeoffs between RF loop and beam stability were studied. New algorithms were implemented, with significant performance improvement leading to a world record current during the last PEP-II run of 3212 mA for the Low Energy Ring. Longitudinal beam emittance growth due to RF noise is a major concern for LHC. Simulations studies and measurements were conducted that clearly show the correlation between RF noise and longitudinal bunch emittance, identify the major LLRF noise contributions, and determine the RF component dominating this effect. With these results, LHC upgrades and alternative algorithms are evaluated to reduce longitudinal emittance growth during operations. The applications of this work are described with regard to future machines and analysis of new technical implementations, as well as to possible future work which would continue the directions of this dissertation.

  1. High-cadence and high-resolution H? imaging spectroscopy of a circular flare's remote ribbon with IBIS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Na; Jing, Ju; Chen, Xin; Liu, Chang; Xu, Yan; Wang, Haimin [Space Weather Research Laboratory, New Jersey Institute of Technology, University Heights, Newark, NJ 07102-1982 (United States); Tritschler, Alexandra; Reardon, Kevin [National Solar Observatory, Sacramento Peak, Sunspot, NM 88349-0062 (United States); Denker, Carsten, E-mail: na.deng@njit.edu [Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany)

    2013-06-01

    We present an unprecedented high-resolution H? imaging spectroscopic observation of a C4.1 flare taken with the Interferometric Bidimensional Spectrometer (IBIS) in conjunction with the adaptive optics system at the 76 cm Dunn Solar Telescope on 2011 October 22 in the active region NOAA 11324. Such a two-dimensional spectroscopic observation covering the entire evolution of a flare ribbon with high spatial (0.''1 pixel{sup –1} image scale), cadence (4.8 s), and spectral (0.1 Å step size) resolution is rarely reported. The flare consists of a main circular ribbon that occurred in a parasitic magnetic configuration and a remote ribbon that was observed by the IBIS. Such a circular-ribbon flare with a remote brightening is predicted in three-dimensional fan-spine reconnection but so far has been rarely studied. During the flare impulsive phase, we define 'core' and 'halo' structures in the observed ribbon based on IBIS narrowband images in the H? line wing and line center. Examining the H? emission spectra averaged in the flare core and halo areas, we find that only those from the flare cores show typical nonthermal electron beam heating characteristics that have been revealed by previous theoretical simulations and observations of flaring H? line profiles. These characteristics include broad and centrally reversed emission spectra, excess emission in the red wing with regard to the blue wing (i.e., red asymmetry), and redshifted bisectors of the emission spectra. We also observe rather quick timescales for the heating (?30 s) and cooling (?14-33 s) in the flare core locations. Therefore, we suggest that the flare cores revealed by IBIS track the sites of electron beam precipitation with exceptional spatial and temporal resolution. The flare cores show two-stage motion (a parallel motion along the ribbon followed by an expansion motion perpendicular to the ribbon) during the two impulsive phases of the flare. Some cores jump quickly (30 km s{sup –1}) between discrete magnetic elements implying reconnection involving different flux tubes. We observe a very high temporal correlation (? 0.9) between the integrated H? and hard X-rays (HXR) emission during the flare impulsive phase. A short time delay (4.6 s) is also found in the H? emission spikes relative to HXR bursts. The ionization timescale of the cool chromosphere and the extra time taken for the electrons to travel to the remote ribbon site may contribute to this delay.

  2. Influence of in-plane and bridging oxygen vacancies of SnO_2 nanostructures on CH_4 sensing at low operating temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonu, Venkataramana; Prasad, Arun K; Krishna, Nanda Gopala; Dhara, Sandip; Tyagi, A K

    2015-01-01

    Role of 'O' defects in sensing pollutant with nanostructured SnO_2 is not well understood, especially at low temperatures. SnO_2 nanoparticles were grown by soft chemistry route followed by subsequent annealing treatment under specific conditions. Nanowires were grown by chemical vapor deposition technique. A systematic photoluminescence (PL) investigation of 'O' defects in SnO_2 nanostructures revealed a strong correlation between shallow donors created by the in-plane and the bridging 'O' vacancies and gas sensing at low temperatures. These SnO_2 nanostructures detected methane (CH_4), a reducing and green house gas at a low temperature of 50 ^oC. Response of CH_4 was found to be strongly dependent on surface defect in comparison to surface to volume ratio. Control over 'O' vacancies during the synthesis of SnO2 nanomaterials, as supported by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and subsequent elucidation for low temperature sensing are demonstrated.

  3. Reliability comparison of various nuclear propulsion configurations for Mars mission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Segna, D.R. [USDOE Richland Operations Office, WA (United States); Dagle, J.E. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Lyon, W.F. III [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1992-01-01

    Currently, trade-offs are being made among the various propulsion systems being considered for the Space Exploration Initiative (SEI) missions. It is necessary to investigate the reliability aspects as well as the efficiency, mass savings, and experience characteristics of the various configurations. Reliability is a very important factor for the SEI missions because of the long duration and because problems will be fixed onboard. The propulsion options that were reviewed consist of nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP), nuclear electric propulsion (NEP) and various configurations of each system. There were four configurations developed for comparison with the NTP as baselined in the Synthesis (1991): (1) NEP, (2) hybrid NEP/NTP, (3) hybrid with power beaming, and (4) NTP upper stage on the heavy lift launch vehicle (HLLV). The comparisons were based more or less on a qualitative review of complexity, stress levels and operations for each of the four configurations. Each configuration included a pressurized NEP and an NTP ascent stage propulsion system for the Mars mission.

  4. Stability and confinement of spheromaks and field-reversed configurations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, W.E.

    1982-01-01

    The formation, confinement and stability of two types of compact toroids, spheromaks and field reversed configurations (FRC), are reviewed. Spheromaks, which contain both toroidal and poloidal magnetic fields, have been formed with magnetized coaxial plasma guns, by a combination of Z- and theta-pinch techniques and by an electrodeless slow induction technique, and trapped in both prolate and oblate flux conservers. As predicted by theory, the prolate configuration is unstable to the tilt mode, but the oblate configuration with a conducting wall is stable. Configuration lifetimes of up to 0.8 ms are observed. The FRC is a high-beta, highly prolate compact toroid formed with field-reversed theta-pinch techniques and having purely poloidal magnetic field. Theory predicts unstable fluting and internal tilting modes, but they are not observed experimentally. Configurations with high densities approx. 10/sup 15/ cm/sup -3/ and with lifetimes of 50 to 120 ..mu..s are terminated by an n=2 rotational mode of instability.

  5. Of fishes and birthdays: Efficient estimation of polymer configurational entropies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nemenman, Ilya; Strauss, Charlie E

    2015-01-01

    We present an algorithm to estimate the configurational entropy $S$ of a polymer. The algorithm uses the statistics of coincidences among random samples of configurations and is related to the catch-tag-release method for estimation of population sizes, and to the classic "birthday paradox". Bias in the entropy estimation is decreased by grouping configurations in nearly equiprobable partitions based on their energies, and estimating entropies separately within each partition. Whereas most entropy estimation algorithms require $N\\sim 2^{S}$ samples to achieve small bias, our approach typically needs only $N\\sim \\sqrt{2^{S}}$. Thus the algorithm can be applied to estimate protein free energies with increased accuracy and decreased computational cost.

  6. Safety analysis of the MYRRHA facility with different core configurations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arien, B.; Heusdains, S.; Alt Abderrahim, H.; Malambu, E. [SCK-CEN, Boeretang 200, B-2400 Mol (Belgium)

    2006-07-01

    In the framework of the IAEA Coordinated Research Project on 'Studies of Innovative Reactor Technology Options for Effective Incineration of Radioactive Waste', a benchmark exercise was undertaken to analyse the behaviour of the MYRRHA facility in various accidental conditions. The transients were simulated by means of the RELAP and SITHER codes and the following set of accident scenarios was considered: loss of flow, loss of heat sink, overpower transient, overcooling and partial blockage of a subassembly. In addition, those accidents were simulated in two different situations depending on whether the proton beam is cut off (protected case) or not (unprotected case). In the IAEA benchmark two subcritical core configurations are considered: a typical core configuration composed only of (U-Pu)O{sub 2} MOX fuel assemblies and another one including additional U-free minor actinides fuel assemblies. The present paper summarized the main results obtained with the first core configuration. (authors)

  7. Voltage-matched configurations for multijunction solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gee, J.M.

    1987-01-01

    Novel methods for interconnecting the subcells of a multijunction solar cell are investigated. The subcells are connected in parallel in these new methods. The bandgaps of the subcells must be selected for matched voltages when operated in parallel. We refer to multijunction solar cells with the subcells connected in parallel as having a voltage-matched configuration. Computer analyses of multijunction solar cells with a voltage-matched configuration and with series-connected subcells were performed. Roughly, the same performance with either approach for a multijunction cell with optimized bandgaps was found. Several advantages for the voltage-matched configuration relative to multijunction solar cells with series-connected subcells were identified, including wider selection of bandgaps for optimal performance, less sensitivity to radiation damage, and less sensitivity to spectral variations.

  8. An Exact Fluctuating 1/2-BPS Configuration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellucci, Stefano

    2009-01-01

    This work explores the role of thermodynamic fluctuations in the two parameter giant and superstar configurations characterized by an ensemble of arbitrary liquid droplets or irregular shaped fuzzballs. Our analysis illustrates that the chemical and state-space geometric descriptions exhibit an intriguing set of exact pair correction functions and the global correlation lengths. The first principle of statistical mechanics shows that the possible canonical fluctuations may precisely be ascertained without any approximation. Interestingly, our intrinsic geometric study exemplifies that there exist exact fluctuating 1/2-BPS statistical configurations which involve an ensemble of microstates describing the liquid droplets or fuzzballs. The Gaussian fluctuations over an equilibrium chemical and state-space configurations accomplish a well-defined, non-degenerate, curved and regular intrinsic Riemannian manifolds for all physically admissible domains of black hole parameters. An explicit computation demonstrates t...

  9. On the damping of right hand circularly polarized waves in spin quantum plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iqbal, Z.; Hussain, A.; Murtaza, G.; Ali, M.

    2014-12-15

    General dispersion relation for the right hand circularly polarized waves has been derived using non-relativistic spin quantum kinetic theory. Employing the derived dispersion relation, temporal and spatial damping of the right hand circularly polarized waves are studied for both the degenerate and non-degenerate plasma regimes for two different frequency domains: (i) k{sub ?}v?(?+?{sub ce}),(?+?{sub cg}) and (ii) k{sub ?}v?(?+?{sub ce}),(?+?{sub cg}). Comparison of the cold and hot plasma regimes shows that the right hand circularly polarized wave with spin-effects exists for larger k-values as compared to the spinless case, before it damps completely. It is also found that the spin-effects can significantly influence the phase and group velocities of the whistler waves in both the degenerate and non-degenerate regimes. The results obtained are also analyzed graphically for some laboratory parameters to demonstrate the physical significance of the present work.

  10. Interaction of a circularly polarised gravitational wave with a charged particle in a static magnetic background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sunandan Gangopadhyay; Anirban Saha; Swarup Saha

    2014-12-24

    Interaction of a charged particle in a static magnetic background, i.e., a Landau system with circularly polarised gravitational wave (GW) is studied quantum mechanically in the long wavelength and low velocity limit. We quantize the classical Hamiltonian following \\cite{speli}. The rotating polarization vectors of the circularly polarized GW are employed to form a unique directional triad which served as the coordinate axes. The Schrodinger equations for the system are cast in the form of a set of coupled linear differential equations. This system is solved by iterative technique. We compute the time-evolution of the position and momentum expectation values of the particle. The results show that the resonance behaviour obtained earlier\\cite{emgw_classical} by classical treatements of the system has a quantum analogue not only for the linearly polarized GW \\cite{emgw_1_lin}, but for circularly polarized GW as well.

  11. Evaluation Of Saltstone Mixer Paddle Configuration For Improved Wear Resistance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reigel, M. M.; Fowley, M. D.; Pickenheim, B. R.

    2012-09-27

    A soft metal with low wear resistance (6000 series aluminum), was used to minimize run time while maximizing wear rate. Two paddle configurations were tested, with the first four paddles after the augers replaced by the wear paddles. The first configuration was all flat paddles, with the first paddle not aligned with the augers and is consistent with present SPF mixer. The second configuration had helical paddles for the first three stages after the augers and a flat paddle at the fourth stage. The first helical paddle was aligned with the auger flight for the second configuration. The all flat paddle configuration wear rate was approximately double the wear rate of the helical paddles for the first two sets of paddles after the augers. For both configurations, there was little or no wear on the third and fourth paddle sets based on mass change, indicating that the fully wetted premix materials are much less abrasive than the un-wetted or partially wetted premix. Additionally, inspection of the wear surface of the paddles at higher magnification showed the flat paddles were worn much more than the helical and is consistent with the wear rates. Aligning the auger discharge flight with the first set of helical paddles was effective in reducing the wear rate as compared to the flat paddle configuration. Changing the paddle configuration from flat to helical resulted in a slight increase in rheological properties. Although, both tests produced grout-like material that is within the processing rage of the SPF, it should be noted that cement is not included in the premix and water was used rather than salt solution, which does affect the rheology of the fresh grout. The higher rheological properties from the helical wear test are most likely due to the reduced number of shearing paddles in the mixer. In addition, there is variation in the rheological data for each wear test. This is most likely due to the way that the dry feeds enter the mixer from the dry feeder. The premix is discharged from the hopper in an unsteady fashion, where irregular sized clumps were observed leaving the discharge of the auger, though the auger speed is constant.

  12. Final Land Configuration for the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stegen, R. L.; Kapinos, J. M.; Wehner, J. P.; Snyder, B.; Davis, R. W.

    2006-07-01

    Closure of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) has been completed. The future land use of the site is designated as a National Wildlife Refuge. A joint effort between Kaiser-Hill, Department of Energy, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Environmental Protection Agency, State of Colorado, and other stakeholders was initiated to provide direction for developing the final land configuration. Through early identification of issues and developing mutually agreeable solutions, the final land configuration of the site was successfully completed. (authors)

  13. Method for making precisely configured flakes useful in optical devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Trajkovska-Petkoska, Anka (Rochester, NY); Jacobs, Stephen D. (Pittsford, NY); Kosc, Tanya Z. (Rochester, NY); Marshall, Kenneth L. (Rochester, NY)

    2007-07-03

    Precisely configured, especially of geometric shape, flakes of liquid crystal material are made using a mechanically flexible polymer mold with wells having shapes which are precisely configured by making the mold with a photolithographically manufactured or laser printed master. The polymer liquid crystal is poured into the wells in the flexible mold. When the liquid crystal material has solidified, the flexible mold is bent and the flakes are released and collected for use in making an electrooptical cell utilizing the liquid crystal flakes as the active element therein.

  14. Inductrack III configuration--a maglev system for high loads

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Post, Richard F

    2013-11-12

    Inductrack III configurations are suited for use in transporting heavy freight loads. Inductrack III addresses a problem associated with the cantilevered track of the Inductrack II configuration. The use of a cantilevered track could present mechanical design problems in attempting to achieve a strong enough track system such that it would be capable of supporting very heavy loads. In Inductrack III, the levitating portion of the track can be supported uniformly from below, as the levitating Halbach array used on the moving vehicle is a single-sided one, thus does not require the cantilevered track as employed in Inductrack II.

  15. Equilibrium configurations of nematic liquid crystals on a torus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antonio Segatti; Michael Snarski; Marco Veneroni

    2014-06-13

    The topology and the geometry of a surface play a fundamental role in determining the equilibrium configurations of thin films of liquid crystals. We propose here a theoretical analysis of a recently introduced surface Frank energy, in the case of two-dimensional nematic liquid crystals coating a toroidal particle. Our aim is to show how a different modeling of the effect of extrinsic curvature acts as a selection principle among equilibria of the classical energy, and how new configurations emerge. In particular, our analysis predicts the existence of new stable equilibria with complex windings.

  16. Fluid Flow Estimation Through Integration of Physical Flow Configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbe, Christoph S.

    Fluid Flow Estimation Through Integration of Physical Flow Configurations Christoph S. Garbe IWR, University of Heidelberg Christoph.Garbe@iwr.uni-heidelberg.de Abstract. The measurement of fluid flows is an emerging field for op- tical flow computation. In a number of such applications, a tracer is visualized

  17. Power-Efficient Radio Configuration in Fixed Broadband Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermond, Jean-Claude

    configuration; power-efficiency; multicommodity flow 1 #12;1 Introduction The increasing demand for high networks, particularly in emerg- ing countries and remote locations where classical copper or fiber lines are too costly or simply unavailable to cope with this demand [1, 2]. In this scenario, network operators

  18. Maintaining the closed magneticfieldline topology of a fieldreversed configuration (FRC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    not significantly change the FRC's closed field structure. The FRC is an example of a self­organized plasma wherein the present field­line closure analysis. The study of field­line closure for FRC­like plasmas with transverse1 Maintaining the closed magnetic­field­line topology of a field­reversed configuration (FRC

  19. NUMERICAL STUDY OF TILT STABILITY OF PROLATE FIELDREVERSED CONFIGURATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    carried by the plasma. The FRC o#ers a unique fusion reactor potential because of its compact and simple. Jardin, H. Ji, M. Yamada, R. Kulsrud Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ 08543, USA Abstract Global stability of the Field­Reversed Configuration (FRC) has been investigated nu­ merically

  20. Kinematic Synthesis with Configuration Spaces \\Lambda Devika Subramanian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Devika

    that both the topology and the types of kinematic pairs of the mechanism are determined togethKinematic Synthesis with Configuration Spaces \\Lambda Devika Subramanian Department of Computer introduces a new approach to the conceptual design of mechanical systems from qualitative specifications

  1. Polyhedral-Based Data Reuse Optimization for Configurable Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jalali. Bahram

    Polyhedral-Based Data Reuse Optimization for Configurable Computing Louis-No¨el Pouchet,1 Peng with careful software-based data reuse and communication scheduling techniques. We present a fully automated C Zhang,1 P. Sadayappan,2 Jason Cong1 1 University of California, Los Angeles {pouchet

  2. CMOS Photovoltaic-cell Layout Configurations for Harvesting Microsystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

    CMOS Photovoltaic-cell Layout Configurations for Harvesting Microsystems Rajiv Damodaran Prabha, and radiation, photovoltaic (PV) systems are appealing options. Still, chip-sized CMOS PV cells produce only well in substrate cell are better. Index Terms--Ambient light energy, harvester, CMOS photovoltaic (PV

  3. CRAD, Configuration Management- Los Alamos National Laboratory Weapons Facility

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Configuration Management program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Weapons Facility.

  4. Randomizing AMI Configuration for Proactive Defense in Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yongge

    Randomizing AMI Configuration for Proactive Defense in Smart Grid Muhammad Qasim Ali, Ehab Al: {mali12, ealshaer, qiduan}@uncc.edu Abstract--Smart grids are capable of bi-directional commu- nication between smart meters and headend systems. It is a core feature of smart grid provided by the underlying

  5. General Impedance Synthesizer Using Minimal Configuration of Switching Converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tse, Chi K. "Michael"

    converter may contain a storage element and a pair of switches, such as the buck, buck-boost and boostGeneral Impedance Synthesizer Using Minimal Configuration of Switching Converters Joe C.P. Liu Chi a minimum number of switching converters is stud- ied in this paper. We begin with showing that any

  6. SIMULATION OF GENERIC MULTIPROCESSOR CONFIGURATIONS FOR ASYNCHRONOUS ALGORITHMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conrad, James M.

    SIMULATION OF GENERIC MULTIPROCESSOR CONFIGURATIONS FOR ASYNCHRONOUS ALGORITHMS James M. Conrad is a useful tool to predict a parallel algorithm's behavior. Most existing parallel system simulators assume a particular architecture or simulate algorithms at a machine instruction level. This paper describes a simple

  7. Exploratory Patent Search with Faceted Search and Configurable Entity Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzitzikas, Yannis

    Exploratory Patent Search with Faceted Search and Configurable Entity Mining Pavlos Fafalios1 Searching for patents is usually a recall-oriented problem and depending on the patent search type, quite. We propose an exploratory strategy for patent search that exploits the metadata already available

  8. Model-Driven Process Configuration of Enterprise Systems*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    have been funded by SAP Research and Queensland University of Technology with the project "ModellingModel-Driven Process Configuration of Enterprise Systems* Alexander Dreiling, Michael Rosemann Queensland University of Technology Wil van der Aalst Eindhoven University of Technology Wasim Sadiq SAP

  9. A Configurable Reference Modelling Language1 M. Rosemanna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    , Configuration, Event-driven Process Chains 1 This research project is financially supported by SAP Corporate reference models "just" depict the possible system capabilities and cannot sufficiently guide the project, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, w.m.p.v.d.aalst@tm.tue.nl Abstract Enterprise Systems (ES) are comprehensive off

  10. Thin film solar cell configuration and fabrication method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Menezes, Shalini

    2009-07-14

    A new photovoltaic device configuration based on an n-copper indium selenide absorber and a p-type window is disclosed. A fabrication method to produce this device on flexible or rigid substrates is described that reduces the number of cell components, avoids hazardous materials, simplifies the process steps and hence the costs for high volume solar cell manufacturing.

  11. Preconceptual ABC design definition and system configuration layout

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barthold, W. [Barthold & Associates, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1995-03-01

    This document is the conceptual design document for the follow-on to the Molten Salt Breeder Reactor, known as the ABC type reactor. It addresses blanket design options, containment options, off-gas systems, drainage systems, and components/layouts of the primary, secondary, and tertiary systems, and it contains a number of diagrams for the configuration of the major systems.

  12. Ionospheric control of the magnetospheric configuration: Thermospheric neutral winds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Zeeuw, Darren L.

    Ionospheric control of the magnetospheric configuration: Thermospheric neutral winds A. J. Ridley precipitation pattern, while the TIEGCM provides the divergence of the height-integrated neutral wind multiplied in this study that the neutral winds cause an approximately 6% increase in the cross polar cap potential when

  13. Redefining Web Browser Principals with a Configurable Origin Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yan

    Abstract--With the advent of Web 2.0, web developers have designed multiple additions to break SOP boundary is protected from other origins in terms of resource access and usage. With the advent of Web 2.0, modern webRedefining Web Browser Principals with a Configurable Origin Policy Yinzhi Cao, Vaibhav Rastogi

  14. Sustainability of Self-Configuring Wireless Sensor Bozena Kaminska

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gburzynski, Pawel

    and the network infrastructure, requires employing advanced techniques in various areas such as MEMS sensors [1Sustainability of Self-Configuring Wireless Sensor Networks Bozena Kaminska Simon Fraser University Department of Computing Science Edmonton, AB, CANADA pawel@cs.ualberta.ca Abstract-- Wireless Sensor Networks

  15. Jet Noise Shielding for Advanced Hybrid Wing-Body Configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papamoschou, Dimitri

    1 Jet Noise Shielding for Advanced Hybrid Wing-Body Configurations Dimitri Papamoschou noise shielding with an advanced design for the Hybrid Wing- Body airplane. The design, called N2AEXTE coordinates relative to plug tip X = axial distance between fan exit plane and shield trailing edge Subscripts

  16. 1 January 2006 1 Base Configuration and Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    prices (specified on area) - Yearly heat demand (specified on area) - Yearly electricity demand price - Sulphur tax Year 2000-2010 Year 2000-2010 Price flexible electricity demand Year 2000 in the Wilmar project. Furthermore apart from the base configuration, this note also contains a description

  17. Energy aware RAID Configuration for Large Storage Systems Norifumi Nishikawa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butt, Ali R.

    configurations have been pursued from an energy saving perspective. We first investigate how different RAID for performance, capacity, and efficiency. Such RAID groups, however, might not be efficient for energy saving because the unit of power control becomes large. Aiming to realize storage energy saving, it is important

  18. Secure zero configuration in a ubiquitous computing environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Chris

    Secure zero configuration in a ubiquitous computing environment Shenglan Hu and Chris J. Mitchell Ubiquitous computing, a method of enhancing computer use by making many computers available throughout is required for environments where administration is imprac- tical or impossible. In a ubiquitous computing

  19. Acoustic imaging of a duct spinning mode by the use of an in-duct circular microphone array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Xun

    Acoustic imaging of a duct spinning mode by the use of an in-duct circular microphone array Qingkai 2013) An imaging method of acoustic spinning modes propagating within a circular duct simply in a theoretical way and is demonstrated by a numerical simulation case. Nowadays, the measurements within a duct

  20. Generation of circularly polarized multiple high-order harmonic emission from two-color crossed laser beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Shih-I

    Generation of circularly polarized multiple high-order harmonic emission from two-color crossed for the production of circularly polarized multiple high-order harmonic generation HHG . The proposed experimental as the mechanism for the generation of continuous background radiation. S1050-2947 98 50410-6 PACS number s : 42

  1. Ionization and high-order harmonic generation in aligned benzene by a short intense circularly polarized laser pulse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moiseyev, Nimrod

    Ionization and high-order harmonic generation in aligned benzene by a short intense circularly and high-order harmonic generation by benzene aligned in the polarization plane of a short circularly pulses 4 . Recently, other types of HHG processes have been dis- covered in molecules. The planar benzene

  2. Genome-wide Analysis of Drosophila Circular RNAs Reveals Their Structural and Sequence Properties and Age-Dependent Neural Accumulation

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Westholm, Jakub  O.; Miura, Pedro; Olson, Sara; Shenker, Sol; Joseph, Brian; Sanfilippo, Piero; Celniker, Susan  E.; Graveley, Brenton  R.; Lai, Eric  C.

    2014-11-26

    Circularization was recently recognized to broadly expand transcriptome complexity. Here, we exploit massive Drosophila total RNA-sequencing data, >5 billion paired-end reads from >100 libraries covering diverse developmental stages, tissues, and cultured cells, to rigorously annotate >2,500 fruit fly circular RNAs. These mostly derive from back-splicing of protein-coding genes and lack poly(A) tails, and the circularization of hundreds of genes is conserved across multiple Drosophila species. We elucidate structural and sequence properties of Drosophila circular RNAs, which exhibit commonalities and distinctions from mammalian circles. Notably, Drosophila circular RNAs harbor >1,000 well-conserved canonical miRNA seed matches, especially within coding regions, and codingmore »conserved miRNA sites reside preferentially within circularized exons. Finally, we analyze the developmental and tissue specificity of circular RNAs and note their preferred derivation from neural genes and enhanced accumulation in neural tissues. Interestingly, circular isoforms increase substantially relative to linear isoforms during CNS aging and constitute an aging biomarker.« less

  3. Genome-wide Analysis of Drosophila Circular RNAs Reveals Their Structural and Sequence Properties and Age-Dependent Neural Accumulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westholm, Jakub  O.; Miura, Pedro; Olson, Sara; Shenker, Sol; Joseph, Brian; Sanfilippo, Piero; Celniker, Susan  E.; Graveley, Brenton  R.; Lai, Eric  C.

    2014-11-26

    Circularization was recently recognized to broadly expand transcriptome complexity. Here, we exploit massive Drosophila total RNA-sequencing data, >5 billion paired-end reads from >100 libraries covering diverse developmental stages, tissues, and cultured cells, to rigorously annotate >2,500 fruit fly circular RNAs. These mostly derive from back-splicing of protein-coding genes and lack poly(A) tails, and the circularization of hundreds of genes is conserved across multiple Drosophila species. We elucidate structural and sequence properties of Drosophila circular RNAs, which exhibit commonalities and distinctions from mammalian circles. Notably, Drosophila circular RNAs harbor >1,000 well-conserved canonical miRNA seed matches, especially within coding regions, and coding conserved miRNA sites reside preferentially within circularized exons. Finally, we analyze the developmental and tissue specificity of circular RNAs and note their preferred derivation from neural genes and enhanced accumulation in neural tissues. Interestingly, circular isoforms increase substantially relative to linear isoforms during CNS aging and constitute an aging biomarker.

  4. Section 3 Electronic Configurations, Term Symbols, and Introductory Remarks-The Orbital, Configuration, and State Pictures of Electronic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Jack

    , Configuration, and State Pictures of Electronic Structure One of the goals of quantum chemistry is to allow if They Have Similar Energies. I. Orbitals Do Not Provide the Complete Picture; Their Occupancy By the N in this Section and in more detail in Section 6, the picture of N electrons occupying orbitals to form

  5. Monocular Car Viewpoint Estimation with Circular Regression Forests Christian Herdtweck and Cristobal Curio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monocular Car Viewpoint Estimation with Circular Regression Forests Christian Herdtweck and Crist. Using detected cars on the KITTI vision bench- mark, we demonstrate performance for continuous viewpoint framework. Besides location and viewpoint of cars, the filter framework considers full monocular egomotion

  6. To appear in: Studia Logica Circular Discernment in Completely Extensive Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seevinck, Michiel

    To appear in: Studia Logica Circular Discernment in Completely Extensive Structures and How] expounded a solution of what he called "the indiscernibility problem for ante rem structuralism", which is the problem to make sense of the presence, in structures, of objects that are indiscernible yet distinct

  7. Eddy currents in a gradient coil, modelled as circular loops of strips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    Eddy currents in a gradient coil, modelled as circular loops of strips J.M.B. Kroot, S.J.L. van. Due to induction eddy currents occur which lead to the so-called edge-effect. The edge- effect depends the gradient coils themselves. Eddy currents occur, causing perturbations on the expected gradient field

  8. Eddy currents in a gradient coil, modeled as circular loops of strips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    Eddy currents in a gradient coil, modeled as circular loops of strips J.M.B. Kroot, S.J.L. van to induction, eddy currents occur, resulting in a so-called edge-effect. Higher frequencies cause stronger edge by a gradient coil induces eddy currents in the conducting structures. The eddy currents cause perturbations

  9. Semiclassical approach to the decay of protons in circular motion under the influence of gravitational fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fregolente, Douglas; Matsas, George E. A.; Vanzella, Daniel A. T. [Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, R. Pamplona 145, 01405-900, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica de Sao Carlos, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Cx. Postal 369, 13560-970, Sao Carlos, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    2006-08-15

    We investigate the possible decay of protons in geodesic circular motion around neutral compact objects. Weak and strong decay rates and the associated emitted powers are calculated using a semiclassical approach. Our results are discussed with respect to distinct ones in the literature, which consider the decay of accelerated protons in electromagnetic fields. A number of consistency checks are presented along the paper.

  10. Related Rates Introduction: Consider water draining from the bottom of a circular cylin-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tavener, Simon

    . On the tape, mark a 2cm interval l centered at b (from 1cm above b to 1cm below b). Fill the funnel with water until the water level is approximately 2cm above b. 6. When the water level reaches the top mark (1cmRelated Rates Introduction: Consider water draining from the bottom of a circular cylin- der

  11. Vortex rotation control in Permalloy disks with small circular voids P. Vavassoria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metlushko, Vitali

    a great deal of interest for their potential application in high density data storage technology of such nanomagnets as device elements in magnetic recording media and random access memories requires the perfect of the circular dots.3 More recently, the attention has moved to ring nanostructures because of the higher sta

  12. Circularly polarized high-efficiency cholesteric liquid crystal lasers with a tunable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Circularly polarized high-efficiency cholesteric liquid crystal lasers with a tunable nematic phase retarder Hamidreza Shirvani-Mahdavi,1,2 Ezeddin Mohajerani,1 and Shin-Tson Wu2* 1 Laser and Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Evin St., Tehran, Iran 2 College of Optics and Photonics

  13. February 1996, Circular 897 Molasses Supplements for Mature, Lactating Beef Cows Grazing Range

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    February 1996, Circular 897 Molasses Supplements for Mature, Lactating Beef Cows Grazing Range F. M during the winter is a problem that leads to poor reproduction. Supplementation of cows grazing range of mature, lactating cows supplemented with either molasses-urea or molasses-cottonseed meal-urea while

  14. Efficiency of pump absorption in double-clad fiber amplifiers. I. Fiber with circular symmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kouznetsov, Dmitrii

    Efficiency of pump absorption in double-clad fiber amplifiers. I. Fiber with circular symmetry with an absorbing core is treated as a model for pump absorption in a double-clad optical fiber amplifier. Mode the pump absorption and is analyzed in the speckle-mode approximation for the example of a Kerr

  15. Beyond reductionism: metabolic circularity as a guiding vision for a real biology of systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beyond reductionism: metabolic circularity as a guiding vision for a real biology of systems Athel advances, for example for creating artificial life or for taking biotechnology beyond the level and metabolome is conceptually artificial--however useful it may be in practice--as the proteome is part

  16. 1 INTRODUCTION In 1971, twenty circular aquaculture ponds were constructed for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 INTRODUCTION In 1971, twenty circular aquaculture ponds were constructed for the W.K. Kellog a grant from the National Science Foundation. Eighteen of the ponds were for experimental purposes and two were for storage purposes. The ponds were allowed to colonize naturally with flo- ra and fauna from

  17. 2a. CIRCULAR I. LA UNIVERSIDAD AUTNOMA DE GUERRERO; LA UNIVERSIDAD AUTNOMA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    desarrollo sustentable, el patrimonio y el turismo, a asistir y a participar en el: III CONGRESO INTERNACIONAL EN PATRIMONIO Y DESARROLLO SUSTENTABLE (PYDES 2013) "BIODIVERSIDAD, PATRIMONIO Y TURISMO Patrimonio y Desarrollo Sustentable (El Link para reservar on line se proporcionará en la Tercera Circular

  18. A Circular Grid-Based Rotation Invariant Feature Extraction Approach for Off-line Signature Verification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belaïd, Abdel

    A Circular Grid-Based Rotation Invariant Feature Extraction Approach for Off-line Signature to grid schemes. Different grid-segmentation schemes have been used in off-line signature verification.belaid@loria.fr Abstract--One of the main challenges in off-line signature verification systems is to make them robust

  19. arXiv:hepex/0306041 Linear to Circular Polarisation Conversion using Birefringent Properties of Aligned

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Storage Ring Facilities, University of Aarhus, Denmark 15 University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark (Dated acting as a quarter wave plate to induce a degree of circular polarisation in a high energy linearly polarisation of the photon beam is characterised by measuring the asymmetry in e + e pair production in a Ge

  20. The power of jets: New clues from radio circular polarization and X-rays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falcke, Heino

    The power of jets: New clues from radio circular polarization and X-rays Heino Falcke 1 , Thomas. Jets are ubiquitous in accreting black holes. Often ignored, they may be a major contributor be explained by a signi#12;cant syn- chrotron contribution from jets also to their IR-to-X-ray spectrum

  1. Non-Volatile Configuration Scheme for the Stratix II EP2S60 DSP Development Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellingson, Steven W.

    immediately present in the Stratix II device when powering up the DSP board. Upon power-up, the configuration to four status LEDs to show the configuration status of the DSP board at a glance. Table 2 shows the behavior of the configuration-status LEDs. 1 #12;Table 1: Configuration DIP Switch (SW2) Combinations[1

  2. Distinct magnetic signatures of fractional vortex configurations in multiband superconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silva, R. M. da; Domínguez, D.; Aguiar, J. Albino

    2014-12-08

    Vortices carrying fractions of a flux quantum are predicted to exist in multiband superconductors, where vortex core can split between multiple band-specific components of the superconducting condensate. Using the two-component Ginzburg-Landau model, we examine such vortex configurations in a two-band superconducting slab in parallel magnetic field. The fractional vortices appear due to the band-selective vortex penetration caused by different thresholds for vortex entry within each band-condensate, and stabilize near the edges of the sample. We show that the resulting fractional vortex configurations leave distinct fingerprints in the static measurements of the magnetization, as well as in ac dynamic measurements of the magnetic susceptibility, both of which can be readily used for the detection of these fascinating vortex states in several existing multiband superconductors.

  3. DFT STUDY REVISES INTERSTITIAL CONFIGURATIONS IN HCP Zr

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samolyuk, German D; Golubov, Stanislav I; Osetskiy, Yury N; Stoller, Roger E

    2012-06-01

    Analysis of experimental result on microstructure evolution in irradiated Zr and alloys has demonstrated that available knowledge on self-interstitial defects in Zr is in contradiction. We therefore have initiated an extensive theoretical and modeling program to clarify this issue. In this report we present first ab initio calculations results of single SIA configurations in Zr. We demonstrate importance of simulations cell size, applied exchange-correlation functional and simulated c/a ratio. The results obtained demonstrate clearly that the most stable configurations are in basal plane and provide some evidences for enhanced interstitial transport along basal planes. The results obtained will be used in generation a new interatomic potential for Zr to be used in large-scale atomistic modeling of mechanisms relevant for radiation-induced microstructure evolution.

  4. Quasi-black holes: general features and purely field configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. A. Bronnikov; O. B. Zaslavskii

    2015-04-27

    Objects that are on the threshold of forming the horizon but never collapse are called quasi-black holes (QBHs). We discuss the properties of the general spherically symmetric QBH metric without addressing its material source, including its limiting cases as the corresponding small parameter tends to zero. We then show that QBHs can exist among self-gravitating configurations of electromagnetic and dilatonic scalar fields without matter. These general results are illustrated by explicit examples of exact solutions.

  5. Nonlinear aeroelastic analysis of aircraft wing-with-store configurations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Kiun

    2004-09-30

    AEROELASTIC ANALYSIS OF AIRCRAFT WING-WITH-STORE CONFIGURATIONS A Dissertation by KIUN KIM Submitted to the O±ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful¯llment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2004 Major Subject... wife has been very busy supporting my family. Without my wife's sacri¯ce, I could not have ¯nished my work. vi TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER Page I INTRODUCTION : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 1 A. Statement of Problem...

  6. Neutrinoless double beta decay studied with configuration mixing methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomas R. Rodriguez; Gabriel Martinez-Pinedo

    2010-12-08

    We study neutrinoless double beta decay of several isotopes with state-of-the-art beyond self-consistent mean field methods to compute the nuclear matrix elements (NME). Generating coordinate method with particle number and angular momentum projection (GCM+PNAMP) is used for finding mother and granddaughter states and evaluating transition operators between different nuclei. We analyze explicitly the role of the deformation, pairing and configuration mixing in the evaluation of the NME.

  7. Configuration mixing effects in neutron-rich carbon isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. X. Yuan; F. R. Xu; C. Qi

    2015-07-24

    Shell model calculations are done to study the structure of neutron-rich carbon isotopes. For both even-A and odd-A neutron-rich carbon isotopes, the energy levels are strongly affected by the configuration mixing of valence neutrons. The calculated energy levels in the nucleus $^{17}$C are significantly improved compared with experimental values when the model space of the three valence neutrons is enlarged from pure $\

  8. Configuration mixing effects in neutron-rich carbon isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, C X; Qi, C

    2015-01-01

    Shell model calculations are done to study the structure of neutron-rich carbon isotopes. For both even-A and odd-A neutron-rich carbon isotopes, the energy levels are strongly affected by the configuration mixing of valence neutrons. The calculated energy levels in the nucleus $^{17}$C are significantly improved compared with experimental values when the model space of the three valence neutrons is enlarged from pure $\

  9. Measure Guideline: Optimizing the Configuration of Flexible Duct Junction Boxes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beach, R.; Burdick, A.

    2014-03-01

    This measure guideline offers additional recommendations to heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system designers for optimizing flexible duct, constant-volume HVAC systems using junction boxes within Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) Manual D guidance (Rutkowski, H. Manual D -- Residential Duct Systems, 3rd edition, Version 1.00. Arlington, VA: Air Conditioning Contractors of America, 2009.). IBACOS used computational fluid dynamics software to explore and develop guidance to better control the airflow effects of factors that may impact pressure losses within junction boxes among various design configurations (Beach, R., Prahl, D., and Lange, R. CFD Analysis of Flexible Duct Junction Box Design. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, submitted for publication 2013). These recommendations can help to ensure that a system aligns more closely with the design and the occupants' comfort expectations. Specifically, the recommendations described herein show how to configure a rectangular box with four outlets, a triangular box with three outlets, metal wyes with two outlets, and multiple configurations for more than four outlets. Designers of HVAC systems, contractors who are fabricating junction boxes on site, and anyone using the ACCA Manual D process for sizing duct runs will find this measure guideline invaluable for more accurately minimizing pressure losses when using junction boxes with flexible ducts.

  10. A directory service for configuring high-performance distributed computations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fitzgerald, S.; Kesselman, C.; Foster, I.

    1997-08-01

    High-performance execution in distributed computing environments often requires careful selection and configuration not only of computers, networks, and other resources but also of the protocols and algorithms used by applications. Selection and configuration in turn require access to accurate, up-to-date information on the structure and state of available resources. Unfortunately, no standard mechanism exists for organizing or accessing such information. Consequently, different tools and applications adopt ad hoc mechanisms, or they compromise their portability and performance by using default configurations. We propose a Metacomputing Directory Service that provides efficient and scalable access to diverse, dynamic, and distributed information about resource structure and state. We define an extensible data model to represent required information and present a scalable, high-performance, distributed implementation. The data representation and application programming interface are adopted from the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol; the data model and implementation are new. We use the Globus distributed computing toolkit to illustrate how this directory service enables the development of more flexible and efficient distributed computing services and applications.

  11. An Exact Fluctuating 1/2-BPS Configuration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Bellucci; Bhupendra Nath Tiwari

    2010-04-16

    This work explores the role of thermodynamic fluctuations in the two parameter giant and superstar configurations characterized by an ensemble of arbitrary liquid droplets or irregular shaped fuzzballs. Our analysis illustrates that the chemical and state-space geometric descriptions exhibit an intriguing set of exact pair correction functions and the global correlation lengths. The first principle of statistical mechanics shows that the possible canonical fluctuations may precisely be ascertained without any approximation. Interestingly, our intrinsic geometric study exemplifies that there exist exact fluctuating 1/2-BPS statistical configurations which involve an ensemble of microstates describing the liquid droplets or fuzzballs. The Gaussian fluctuations over an equilibrium chemical and state-space configurations accomplish a well-defined, non-degenerate, curved and regular intrinsic Riemannian manifolds for all physically admissible domains of black hole parameters. An explicit computation demonstrates that the underlying chemical correlations involve ordinary summations, whilst the state-space correlations may simply be depicted by standard polygamma functions. Our construction ascribes definite stability character to the canonical energy fluctuations and to the counting entropy associated with an arbitrary choice of excited boxes from an ensemble of ample boxes constituting a variety of Young tableaux.

  12. 11th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference, 23-25 May 2005, Monterey, CA, USA An Analytic Green's Function for a Lined Circular Duct

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rienstra, Sjoerd W.

    's Function for a Lined Circular Duct Containing Uniform Mean Flow (corr.) Sjoerd W. Rienstra Eindhoven, Southampton S017 1BJ, UK. An analytic Green's function is derived for a lined circular duct, both hollow is not considered in the present study. We show that the analytic Green's function for a lined hollow circular duct

  13. Characterization of a circular optical nanoantenna by nonlinear photoemission electron microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Thomas; Qi, Jing; Klein, Angela; Steinert, Michael; Menzel, Christoph; Rockstuhl, Carsten; Pertsch, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    We report on the investigation of an advanced circular plasmonic nanoantenna under ultrafast excitation using nonlinear photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) under near-normal incidence. The circular nanoantenna is enhanced in its performance by a supporting grating and milled out from a gold film. The considered antenna shows a sophisticated physical resonance behavior that is ideal to demonstrate the possibilities of PEEM for the experimental investigations of plasmonic effects on the nanoscale. Field profiles of the antenna resonance for both possible linear polarizations of the incident field are measured with high spatial resolution. In addition, outward propagating Hankel plasmons, which are also excited by the structure, are measured and analyzed. We compare our findings to measurements of an isolated plasmonic nanodisc resonator and scanning near-field optical microscopy (SNOM) measurements of both structures. All results are in very good agreement with numerical simulations as well as analytial mo...

  14. Laser shaping of a relativistic circularly polarized pulse by laser foil interaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zou, D. B.; Zhuo, H. B.; Yu, T. P.; Yang, X. H.; Shao, F. Q.; Ma, Y. Y.; Yin, Y.; Ouyang, J. M.; Ge, Z. Y.; Zhang, G. B.; Wang, P.

    2013-07-15

    Laser shaping of a relativistic circularly polarized laser pulse in ultra-intense laser thin-foil interaction is investigated by theoretical analysis and particle-in-cell simulations. It is found that the plasma foil as a nonlinear optical shutter has an obvious cut-out effect on the laser temporal and spatial profiles. Two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations show that the high intensity part of a Gaussian laser pulse can be well extracted from the whole pulse. The transmitted pulse with longitudinal steep rise front and transverse super-Gaussian profile is thus obtained which would be beneficial for the radiation pressure acceleration regime. The Rayleigh-Taylor-like instability is observed in the simulations, which destroys the foil and results in the cut-out effect of the pulse in the rise front of a circularly polarized laser.

  15. Estimating SI violation in CMB due to non-circular beam and complex scan in minutes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pant, Nidhi; Rotti, Aditya; Mitra, Sanjit; Souradeep, Tarun

    2015-01-01

    Mild, unavoidable deviations from circular-symmetry of instrumental beams along with scan strategy can give rise to measurable Statistical Isotropy (SI) violation in Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) experiments. If not accounted properly, this spurious signal can complicate the extraction of other SI violation signals (if any) in the data. However, estimation of this effect through exact numerical simulation is computationally intensive and time consuming. A generalized analytical formalism not only provides a quick way of estimating this signal, but also gives a detailed understanding connecting the leading beam anisotropy components to a measurable BipoSH characterisation of SI violation. In this paper, we provide an approximate generic analytical method for estimating the SI violation generated due to a non-circular (NC) beam and arbitrary scan strategy, in terms of the Bipolar Spherical Harmonic (BipoSH) spectra. Our analytical method can predict almost all the features introduced by a NC beam in a compl...

  16. On the Relativity in Configuration Space: A Renewed Physics In Sight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matej Pavsic

    2011-12-09

    The idea that possible configurations of a physical system can be represented as points in a multidimensional configuration space ${\\cal C}$ is explored. The notion of spacetime, without ${\\cal C}$, does not exist in this theory. Spacetime is associated with the degrees of freedom of a chosen single particle within a considered configuration, and is thus a subspace of ${\\cal C}$. Finite dimensional configuration spaces of point particles, and infinite dimensional configuration spaces of branes are considered. Multidimensionality of a configuration space has for a consequence the existence of extra interactions, besides the 4D gravity, both at macroscopic and microscopic scales.

  17. Ionization of oriented carbonyl-sulfide molecules by intense circularly polarized laser pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimitrovski, Darko; Madsen, Lars Bojer; Filsinger, Frank; Meijer, Gerard; Küpper, Jochen; Holmegaard, Lotte; Kalhøj, Line; Nielsen, Jens H; Stapelfeldt, Henrik

    2010-01-01

    We present combined experimental and theoretical results on strong-field ionization of oriented carbonyl-sulphide molecules by circularly-polarized laser pulses. The obtained molecular frame photoelectron angular distributions show pronounced asymmetries perpendicular to the direction of the molecular electric dipole moment. These findings are explained by a tunneling model invoking the laser-induced Stark shifts associated with the dipoles and polarizabilities of the molecule and its unrelaxed cation.

  18. Failure determination for a laminated composite plate with a circular hole 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ko, Chi-Ren Clarence

    1975-01-01

    be predicted for graphite-epoxy laminated composite systems containing a 3/16-inch circular hole from strain energy intensity determinations. The strain energy release rates (G ) for composite systems and indi- c vidual plies outline the crack propagation... of Unidirectional Graphite/Epoxy Laminate 23 Stiffness and Compliance Matrices for Laminate 24 Roots of Characteristic Equation Maximum Stress Concentrations 46 Maximum Laminate Stress Concentrations Crack Initiation Stress 47 Laminate Strain Energy Release...

  19. Evaluating the Potential of Commercial GIS for Accelerator Configuration Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T.L. Larrieu; Y.R. Roblin; K. White; R. Slominski

    2005-10-10

    The Geographic Information System (GIS) is a tool used by industries needing to track information about spatially distributed assets. A water utility, for example, must know not only the precise location of each pipe and pump, but also the respective pressure rating and flow rate of each. In many ways, an accelerator such as CEBAF (Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility) can be viewed as an ''electron utility''. Whereas the water utility uses pipes and pumps, the ''electron utility'' uses magnets and RF cavities. At Jefferson lab we are exploring the possibility of implementing ESRI's ArcGIS as the framework for building an all-encompassing accelerator configuration database that integrates location, configuration, maintenance, and connectivity details of all hardware and software. The possibilities of doing so are intriguing. From the GIS, software such as the model server could always extract the most-up-to-date layout information maintained by the Survey & Alignment for lattice modeling. The Mechanical Engineering department could use ArcGIS tools to generate CAD drawings of machine segments from the same database. Ultimately, the greatest benefit of the GIS implementation could be to liberate operators and engineers from the limitations of the current system-by-system view of machine configuration and allow a more integrated regional approach. The commercial GIS package provides a rich set of tools for database-connectivity, versioning, distributed editing, importing and exporting, and graphical analysis and querying, and therefore obviates the need for much custom development. However, formidable challenges to implementation exist and these challenges are not only technical and manpower issues, but also organizational ones. The GIS approach would crosscut organizational boundaries and require departments, which heretofore have had free reign to manage their own data, to cede some control and agree to a centralized framework.

  20. Project B610 process control configuration acceptance test procedure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silvan, G.R.

    1994-09-20

    The purpose of this test is to verify the Westinghouse configuration of the MICON A/S Distributed Control System for project B610. The following will be verified: proper assignment and operation of all field inputs to and outputs from the MICON Termination panels; proper operation of all display data on the operator`s console; proper operation of all required alarms; and proper operation of all required interlocks. The MICON A/S control system is configured to replace all the control, indication, and alarm panels now located in the Power Control Room. Nine systems are covered by this control configuration, 2736-ZB HVAC, 234-5Z HVAC, Process Vacuum, Dry Air, 291-Z Closed Loop Cooling, Building Accelerometer, Evacuation Siren, Stack CAMs, and Fire. The 2736-ZB HVAC system consists of the ventilation controls for 2736-ZB and 2736-Z as well as alarms for the emergency generators and 232-Z. The 234-5Z HVAC system is the ventilation controls for 235-5Z and 236-Z buildings. Process Vacuum covers the controls for the 26 inch vacuum system. Dry Air covers the controls for the steam and electric air dryers. The 291-Z Closed Loop Cooling system consists of the status indications and alarms for the 291-Z compressor and vacuum pump closed loop cooling system. The rest of closed loop cooling was tested earlier. The Building Accelerometer system consists of the status indications for the two seismic system accelerometers. The Evacuation Siren system includes the controls for the evacuation and take cover sirens. Stack CAMs cover the alarms for the various building ventilation stack continuous air monitors. Finally, the Fire system covers the various fire alarms now located in Room 321-A.

  1. Error-field penetration in reversed magnetic shear configurations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, H. H.; Wang, Z. X.; Wang, X. Q. [MOE Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Beams of the Ministry of Education, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)] [MOE Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Beams of the Ministry of Education, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Wang, X. G. [School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)] [School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

    2013-06-15

    Error-field penetration in reversed magnetic shear (RMS) configurations is numerically investigated by using a two-dimensional resistive magnetohydrodynamic model in slab geometry. To explore different dynamic processes in locked modes, three equilibrium states are adopted. Stable, marginal, and unstable current profiles for double tearing modes are designed by varying the current intensity between two resonant surfaces separated by a certain distance. Further, the dynamic characteristics of locked modes in the three RMS states are identified, and the relevant physics mechanisms are elucidated. The scaling behavior of critical perturbation value with initial plasma velocity is numerically obtained, which obeys previously established relevant analytical theory in the viscoresistive regime.

  2. Ideal magnetohydrodynamic stability of configurations without nested flux surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helander, P. [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, 17491 Greifswald (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, 17491 Greifswald (Germany); Newton, S. L. [EURATOM/CCFE Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)] [EURATOM/CCFE Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)

    2013-06-15

    Existing numerical tools for calculating the MHD stability of magnetically confined plasmas generally assume the existence of nested flux surfaces. These tools are therefore not immediately applicable to configurations with magnetic islands or regions with an ergodic magnetic field. However, in practice, these islands or ergodic regions are often small, and their effect on MHD stability can then be evaluated using a perturbation theory developed in the present paper. This procedure allows the effect of the broken magnetic topology on the stability of each eigenmode to be calculated without requiring any knowledge about the perturbed eigenfunctions.

  3. EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Network Configuration & System Design

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal4Cubic43,728ConfigurationListNetwork

  4. Nonlinear coupling of left and right handed circularly polarized dispersive Alfvén wave

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharma, R. P., E-mail: rpsharma@ces.iitd.ac.in; Sharma, Swati, E-mail: swati.sharma704@gmail.com; Gaur, Nidhi, E-mail: nidhiphysics@gmail.com [Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016 (India)

    2014-07-15

    The nonlinear phenomena are of prominent interests in understanding the particle acceleration and transportation in the interplanetary space. The ponderomotive nonlinearity causing the filamentation of the parallel propagating circularly polarized dispersive Alfvén wave having a finite frequency may be one of the mechanisms that contribute to the heating of the plasmas. The contribution will be different of the left (L) handed mode, the right (R) handed mode, and the mix mode. The contribution also depends upon the finite frequency of the circularly polarized waves. In the present paper, we have investigated the effect of the nonlinear coupling of the L and R circularly polarized dispersive Alfvén wave on the localized structures formation and the respective power spectra. The dynamical equations are derived in the presence of the ponderomotive nonlinearity of the L and R pumps and then studied semi-analytically as well as numerically. The ponderomotive nonlinearity accounts for the nonlinear coupling between both the modes. In the presence of the adiabatic response of the density fluctuations, the nonlinear dynamical equations satisfy the modified nonlinear Schrödinger equation. The equations thus obtained are solved in solar wind regime to study the coupling effect on localization and the power spectra. The effect of coupling is also studied on Faraday rotation and ellipticity of the wave caused due to the difference in the localization of the left and the right modes with the distance of propagation.

  5. Circular polarization control for the LCLS baseline in the soft X-ray regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geloni, Gianluca; Saldin, Evgeni

    2010-01-01

    The LCLS baseline includes a planar undulator system, producing linearly polarized light in the range 0.15-1.5 nm. Polarization control in the soft X-ray region from linear to circular is highly desirable. Several schemes using helical undulators have been discussed for the LCLS. One consists in replacing three of the last planar undulator segments by APPLE III. A second proposal, the 2nd harmonic helical afterburner, uses short, crossed undulators tuned to the second harmonic. This last scheme is expected to be the better one. Its advantages are a high and stable degree of circular polarization and a low cost. Its disadvantage is a small output power and a narrow wavelength range. We propose a novel method to generate 10 GW level power at the fundamental harmonic with 99% degree of circular polarization from the LCLS baseline. Its merits are low cost, simplicity and easy implementation. After the baseline undulator, the electron beam is sent through a 40 m long straight section, and subsequently passes throu...

  6. Synchrotron Radiation Circular Dichroism (SRCD) Spectroscopy - An Enhanced Method for Examining Protein Conformations and Protein Interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    B Wallace; R Janes

    2011-12-31

    CD (circular dichroism) spectroscopy is a well-established technique in structural biology. SRCD (synchrotron radiation circular dichroism) spectroscopy extends the utility and applications of conventional CD spectroscopy (using laboratory-based instruments) because the high flux of a synchrotron enables collection of data at lower wavelengths (resulting in higher information content), detection of spectra with higher signal-to-noise levels and measurements in the presence of absorbing components (buffers, salts, lipids and detergents). SRCD spectroscopy can provide important static and dynamic structural information on proteins in solution, including secondary structures of intact proteins and their domains, protein stability, the differences between wild-type and mutant proteins, the identification of natively disordered regions in proteins, and the dynamic processes of protein folding and membrane insertion and the kinetics of enzyme reactions. It has also been used to effectively study protein interactions, including protein-protein complex formation involving either induced-fit or rigid-body mechanisms, and protein-lipid complexes. A new web-based bioinformatics resource, the Protein Circular Dichroism Data Bank (PCDDB), has been created which enables archiving, access and analyses of CD and SRCD spectra and supporting metadata, now making this information publicly available. To summarize, the developing method of SRCD spectroscopy has the potential for playing an important role in new types of studies of protein conformations and their complexes.

  7. On the 2012 October 23 circular ribbon flare: emission features and magnetic topology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Kai; Ding, M D

    2015-01-01

    Circular ribbon flares are usually related to spine-fan type magnetic topology containing null-points. In this paper, we investigate an X-class circular ribbon flare on 2012 October 23, using the multi-wavelength data from the \\textit{Solar Dynamics Observatory}, \\textit{Hinode}, and the \\textit{Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager}. In \\ion{Ca}{2} H emission, the flare showed three ribbons with two highly elongated ones inside and outside a quasi-circular one, respectively. A hot channel was displayed in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) emissions that infers the existence of a magnetic flux rope. Two hard X-ray (HXR) sources in the 12--25 keV energy band were located at the footpoints of this hot channel. Using a nonlinear force-free magnetic field extrapolation, we identify three topological structures: (1) a 3D null-point, (2) a flux rope below the fan of the null-point, and (3) a large-scale quasi-separatrix layers (QSL) induced by the quadrupolar-like magnetic field of the active region. We find th...

  8. Effect of electrode configuration and electronic conductivity on current density distribution measurements in PEM fuel cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natarajan, Dilip; Van Nguyen, Trung

    2004-09-03

    and pollution free characteristics make them an attractive option for terrestrial applications. Of the various types of fuel cells available, Proton Exchange Membrane (PEMFC) fuel cells are considered to be most suitable for transportation and portable... to the catalyst layer and electrode width along the channel, 2) The ratio of in-plane and through-plane area, 3) The ratio of in-plane and through-plane conductivities of the GDL material and finally, 4) The relative contact resistances between the GDL...

  9. 2-dimensional numerical simulations for the wave-wake-body interactions around circular cylinders in motion near seabed 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tavassoli, Armin

    1999-01-01

    The 2-dimensional, viscous and incompressible flow past a circular cylinder is investigated by solving the Navier-stokes equation. solved using CFD (Computational Fluid These equations are numerically Dynamics) methods on ...

  10. Figure 6: An MTAH for 11 lung tumor contours generated by MDISC based on area, circularity, and extrusiveness.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Figure 6: An MTAH for 11 lung tumor contours generated by M­DISC based on area, circularity, and extrusiveness. Figure 7: The CT scanned lung image for image 6 (in Figure 3) with the lung tumor contour

  11. Electrostatic spherically symmetric configurations in gravitating nonlinear electrodynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diaz-Alonso, J.; Rubiera-Garcia, D. [LUTH, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, , USAUniversite Paris Diderot, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon (France) and Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Oviedo, Avda. Calvo Sotelo 18, E-33007 Oviedo, Asturias (Spain)

    2010-03-15

    We perform a study of the gravitating electrostatic spherically symmetric (G-ESS) solutions of Einstein field equations minimally coupled to generalized nonlinear Abelian gauge models in three space dimensions. These models are defined by Lagrangian densities which are general functions of the gauge field invariants, restricted by some physical conditions of admissibility. They include the class of nonlinear electrodynamics supporting electrostatic spherically symmetric (ESS) nontopological soliton solutions in absence of gravity. We establish that the qualitative structure of the G-ESS solutions of admissible models is fully characterized by the asymptotic and central-field behaviors of their ESS solutions in flat space (or, equivalently, by the behavior of the Lagrangian densities in vacuum and on the point of the boundary of their domain of definition, where the second gauge invariant vanishes). The structure of these G-ESS configurations for admissible models supporting divergent-energy ESS solutions in flat space is qualitatively the same as in the Reissner-Nordstroem case. In contrast, the G-ESS configurations of the models supporting finite-energy ESS solutions in flat space exhibit new qualitative features, which are discussed in terms of the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner mass, the charge, and the soliton energy. Most of the results concerning well-known models, such as the electrodynamics of Maxwell, Born-Infeld, and the Euler-Heisenberg effective Lagrangian of QED, minimally coupled to gravitation, are shown to be corollaries of general statements of this analysis.

  12. QUASI-STEADY CONFIGURATIONS OF CONDUCTIVE INTRACLUSTER MEDIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Voit, G. M.

    2011-10-10

    The radial distributions of temperature, density, and gas entropy among cool-core clusters tend to be quite similar, suggesting that they have entered a quasi-steady state. If that state is regulated by a combination of thermal conduction and feedback from a central active galactic nucleus (AGN), then the characteristics of those radial profiles ought to contain information about the spatial distribution of AGN heat input and the relative importance of thermal conduction. This paper addresses those topics by deriving steady-state solutions for clusters in which radiative cooling, electron thermal conduction, and thermal feedback fueled by accretion are all present, with the aim of interpreting the configurations of cool-core clusters in terms of steady-state models. It finds that the core configurations of many cool-core clusters have entropy levels just below those of conductively balanced solutions in which magnetic fields have suppressed electron thermal conduction to {approx}1/3 of the full Spitzer value, suggesting that AGN feedback is triggered when conduction can no longer compensate for radiative cooling. And even when feedback is necessary to heat the central {approx}30 kpc, conduction may still be the most important heating mechanism within a cluster's central {approx}100 kpc.

  13. Snowflake divertor configuration studies for NSTX-Upgrade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Soukhanovskii, V A

    2011-11-12

    Snowflake divertor experiments in NSTX provide basis for PMI development toward NSTX-Upgrade. Snowflake configuration formation was followed by radiative detachment. Significant reduction of steady-state divertor heat flux observed in snowflake divertor. Impulsive heat loads due to Type I ELMs are partially mitigated in snowflake divertor. Magnetic control of snowflake divertor configuration is being developed. Plasma material interface development is critical for NSTX-U success. Four divertor coils should enable flexibility in boundary shaping and control in NSTX-U. Snowflake divertor experiments in NSTX provide good basis for PMI development in NSTX-Upgrade. FY 2009-2010 snowflake divertor experiments in NSTX: (1) Helped understand control of magnetic properties; (2) Core H-mode confinement unchanged; (3) Core and edge carbon concentration reduced; and (4) Divertor heat flux significantly reduced - (a) Steady-state reduction due to geometry and radiative detachment, (b) Encouraging results for transient heat flux handling, (c) Combined with impurity-seeded radiative divertor. Outlook for snowflake divertor in NSTX-Upgrade: (1) 2D fluid modeling of snowflake divertor properties scaling - (a) Edge and divertor transport, radiation, detachment threshold, (b) Compatibility with cryo-pump and lithium conditioning; (2) Magnetic control development; and (3) PFC development - PFC alignment and PFC material choice.

  14. Report of the ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop 'Accelerators for a Higgs Factory: Linear vs. Circular' (HF2012)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alain Blondel; Alex Chao; Weiren Chou; Jie Gao; Daniel Schulte; Kaoru Yokoya

    2013-02-15

    This paper is a summary report of the ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop 'Accelerators for a Higgs Factory: Linear vs. Circular' (HF2012). It discusses four types of accelerators as possible candidates for a Higgs factory: linear e+e- colliders, circular e+e- colliders, muon collider and photon colliders. The comparison includes: physics reach, performance (energy and luminosity), upgrade potential, technology maturity and readiness, and technical challenges requiring further R&D.

  15. Capabilities, Configurations, and Leveraging Strategies: an Investigation of the Leveraging Process of Resource Orchestration 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boss, David S

    2014-08-21

    process, particularly as it relates to the types of capabilities needed to form capability configurations that are coordinated and deployed. Further, principles of configuration theory have yet to be applied to the resource-based view of the firm. Herein...

  16. Motivation Methods Model configuration Results Forecasting Summary & Outlook Retrieving direct and diffuse radiation with the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    Motivation Methods Model configuration Results Forecasting Summary & Outlook 1/ 14 Retrieving. 17, 2015 #12;Motivation Methods Model configuration Results Forecasting Summary & Outlook 2/ 14 Motivation Sky Imager based shortest-term solar irradiance forecasts for local solar energy applications

  17. Introduction To configure Apple Mail to access your University student email account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasuriya, Sanjeeva

    Introduction To configure Apple Mail to access your University student email account Procedure 1 8313 3000 or servicedesk@adelaide.edu.au Technology Services Configure Student Gmail - Apple Mail #12;

  18. A Computational Market Model for Distributed Configuration Design Michael P. Wellman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellman, Michael P.

    economies" constitutes the market solution to the original problem. After defining the configuration design. Consider a hyper-simplified scenario in aircraft design. (We choose this not as a serious exemplar ¡ ¢ £ £ ¤ ¢ ¥ ¦ § ¨ © ¨ A Computational Market Model for Distributed Configuration

  19. Material Properties and Operating Configurations of Membrane Reactors for Propane Dehydrogenation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nair, Sankar

    Material Properties and Operating Configurations of Membrane Reactors for Propane Dehydrogenation material properties and operating configurations of packed-bed membrane reactors (PBMRs) for propane Keywords: membrane reactor, propane dehydrogenation, zeolite membrane, modeling, propane dehydrogenation

  20. Field-reversed configuration formation scheme utilizing a spheromak and solenoid induction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ji, Hantao

    -organized plasmas.12­15 A key area of research in CT plasmas is the formation of the configuration. The formation expand the use- fulness of the configuration for basic and applied plasma science research. In this paper

  1. The role of spatial configurations in urban dynamics : an analytical model for urban design and development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varanasi, Kishore Venkat, 1974-

    2001-01-01

    The thesis explores the role of spatial configurations on the development of city form and the influence of these configurations on specific economic variables which govern the development of cities. It is argued that there ...

  2. Habitat configuration and availability influences the settlement of temperate reef fishes (Tripterygiidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shima, Jeff

    Habitat configuration and availability influences the settlement of temperate reef fishes 29 September 2013 Available online 23 October 2013 Keywords: Attraction vs. production Fragmentation Habitat availability Habitat configuration Settlement Tripterygiidae To survive, most benthic marine

  3. Interface and process for enhanced transmission of non-circular ion beams between stages at unequal pressure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tang, Keqi (Richland, WA); Shvartsburg, Alexandre A. (Richland, WA); Smith, Richard D. (Richland, WA)

    2008-03-04

    The invention discloses a new interface with non-circular conductance limit aperture(s) useful for effective transmission of non-circular ion beams between stages with different gas pressure. In particular, the invention provides an improved coupling of field asymmetric waveform ion mobility spectrometry (FAIMS) analyzers of planar or side-to-side geometry to downstream stages such as mass spectrometry or ion mobility spectrometry. In this case, the non-circular aperture is rectangular; other geometries may be optimum in other applications. In the preferred embodiment, the non-circular aperture interface is followed by an electrodynamic ion funnel that may focus wide ion beams of any shape into tight circular beams with virtually no losses. The jet disrupter element of the funnel may also have a non-circular geometry, matching the shape of arriving ion beam. The improved sensitivity of planar FAIMS/MS has been demonstrated in experiments using a non-contiguous elongated aperture but other embodiments (e.g., with a contiguous slit aperture) may be preferable, especially in conjunction with an ion funnel operated at high pressures.

  4. Spheromak merging and field reversed configuration formation at the Swarthmore Spheromak Experimenta...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael R.

    configuration FRC 2 is a high com- pact toroidal CT plasma. In its idealized form, it has closed, purely. Plasmas 6, 1717 1999 are reported. In its new configuration, SSX is optimized to study field reversed configuration FRC formation and stability by counter-helicity spheromak merging. A pair of midplane coils

  5. On The Ten Point Wood-Desargues' Configuration Christopher J Bradley and Geoff C Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Geoff

    1 Article 6 On The Ten Point Wood-Desargues' Configuration Christopher J Bradley and Geoff C Smith Abstract The ten pairs of directly similar triangles in perspective in the Wood-Desargues' configuration are similar to the five cyclic quadrangles of the initial Wood-Desargues' configuration and that these five

  6. Path Planning in Expansive Configuration Spaces David Hsu JeanClaude Latombe Rajeev Motwani

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latombe, Jean-Claude

    whose connectivity can be effectively captured by a roadmap of randomly­sampled milestones. The analysis, avoiding the cost of precomputing a roadmap for the entire configuration space. Thus, it is well a roadmap of the configuration space and tries to find a path between any two input configurations

  7. Path Planning in Expansive Configuration Spaces David Hsu JeanClaude Latombe Rajeev Motwani

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motwani, Rajeev

    be effectively captured by a roadmap of randomly­sampled milestones. The analysis of expansive configuration of precomputing a roadmap for the entire configuration space. Thus, it is well­suited for problems where only in [12], uses random sampling to construct a probabilistic roadmap in the configuration space

  8. Yttria-stabilized zirconia buffered silicon to optimize in-plane electrical conductivity of [Ca{sub 2}CoO{sub 3}]{sub 0.62}[CoO{sub 2}] thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kraus, T.; Griesser, A.; Klein, O.; Fischer, M.; Schreck, M.; Karl, H.

    2014-05-05

    The monolithic integration of thermoelectric generators and magnetoresistive functionality on the basis of misfit cobaltate [Ca{sub 2}CoO{sub 3}]{sub 0.62}[CoO{sub 2}] thin films into silicon technology is a prerequisite for their application in miniaturized electric circuits. Here, we report on [Ca{sub 2}CoO{sub 3}]{sub 0.62}[CoO{sub 2}] thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition on (001)-silicon with a thin epitaxial yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) buffer layer. X-ray diffraction and cross-sectional high resolution transmission electron microscopy analysis reveal that high quality c-axis oriented heteroepitaxial [Ca{sub 2}CoO{sub 3}]{sub 0.62}[CoO{sub 2}] films with a 12-fold in-plane rotational symmetry can be grown, which exhibit remarkable lower electrical resistivity compared to those with random in-plane orientation. This result is explained by energetically preferred epitaxial growth directions of the pseudo hexagonal [CoO{sub 2}] sublayer in monoclinic [Ca{sub 2}CoO{sub 3}]{sub 0.62}[CoO{sub 2}] onto the cubic (001)-YSZ surface leading to a highly symmetric in-plane mutual orientation of the charge transporting CoO{sub 2} sublayer domains.

  9. Facility configuration management: An approach to PSM/RMP compliance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melson, K.R. [Hurst Consulting, Inc., Angleton, TX (United States); Tagoe, C.C. [Occidental Chemical Corp., Pasadena, TX (United States); Souza, P.A. de [Tandem Technologies Group, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

    1996-08-01

    New industry standards addressing Process Safety Management (PSM) and Risk Management Programs (RMP) specifically focus on the Management of Change (MOC) in chemical plants. The nuclear power industry has addressed this issue very strongly, since their regulations are even more stringent in MOC than the PSM and RMP standards. Although the nuclear industry is viewed by some as overly regulated, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the methods used in the nuclear industry to address the same types of requirements, and explore any advantages and lessons learned from the nuclear industry. Configuration Management programs are widely used in the nuclear industry to address MOC. When implemented properly, they have been found to be very effective in implementing site wide requirements, solving coordination problems, and increasing plant safety.

  10. Nanoalloy electrocatalysis: Simulating cyclic voltammetry from configurational thermodynamics with adsorbates

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wang, Lin -Lin; Tan, Teck L.; Johnson, Duane D.

    2015-02-27

    We simulate the adsorption isotherms for alloyed nanoparticles (nanoalloys) with adsorbates to determine cyclic voltammetry (CV) during electrocatalysis. The effect of alloying on nanoparticle adsorption isotherms is provided by a hybrid-ensemble Monte Carlo simulation that uses the cluster expansion method extended to non-exchangeable coupled lattices for nanoalloys with adsorbates. Exemplified here for the hydrogen evolution reaction, a 2-dimensional CV is mapped for Pd–Pt nanoalloys as a function of both electrochemical potential and the global Pt composition, and shows a highly non-linear alloying effect on CV. Detailed features in CV arise from the interplay among the H-adsorption in multiple sites thatmore »is closely correlated with alloy configurations, which are in turn affected by the H-coverage. The origins of specific features in CV curves are assigned. As a result, the method provides a more complete means to design nanoalloys for electrocatalysis.« less

  11. Optimized multibeam configuration for observation of QED cascades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelfer, E G; Fedotov, A M; Bashmakov, V F; Nerush, E N; Kostyukov, I Y; Narozhny, N B

    2015-01-01

    QED cascades in intense electromagnetic field can occur if the dynamical quantum parameter $\\chi$ of a seed electron, which in Compton units coincides with the electron proper acceleration, attains the order of unity. We derive general expression for $\\chi$ of an initially slow electron in an arbitrary electromagnetic field for a time range $t\\ll 1/\\omega$, where $\\omega$ is the field carrier frequency. Using this formula, we consider a special field configuration of multiple colliding focused laser beams and optimize it to provide cascade development at laser power below $10$ PW and intensity of the order of $10^{23}$W/cm$^2$. Such parameters of the beams will be obtained with a new generation of laser facilities, particularly the ELI Beamlines, in the coming years.

  12. Configuration and technology implications of potential nuclear hydrogen system applications.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conzelmann, G.; Petri, M.; Forsberg, C.; Yildiz, B.; ORNL

    2005-11-05

    Nuclear technologies have important distinctions and potential advantages for large-scale generation of hydrogen for U.S. energy services. Nuclear hydrogen requires no imported fossil fuels, results in lower greenhouse-gas emissions and other pollutants, lends itself to large-scale production, and is sustainable. The technical uncertainties in nuclear hydrogen processes and the reactor technologies needed to enable these processes, as well waste, proliferation, and economic issues must be successfully addressed before nuclear energy can be a major contributor to the nation's energy future. In order to address technical issues in the time frame needed to provide optimized hydrogen production choices, the Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative (NHI) must examine a wide range of new technologies, make the best use of research funding, and make early decisions on which technology options to pursue. For these reasons, it is important that system integration studies be performed to help guide the decisions made in the NHI. In framing the scope of system integration analyses, there is a hierarchy of questions that should be addressed: What hydrogen markets will exist and what are their characteristics? Which markets are most consistent with nuclear hydrogen? What nuclear power and production process configurations are optimal? What requirements are placed on the nuclear hydrogen system? The intent of the NHI system studies is to gain a better understanding of nuclear power's potential role in a hydrogen economy and what hydrogen production technologies show the most promise. This work couples with system studies sponsored by DOE-EE and other agencies that provide a basis for evaluating and selecting future hydrogen production technologies. This assessment includes identifying commercial hydrogen applications and their requirements, comparing the characteristics of nuclear hydrogen systems to those market requirements, evaluating nuclear hydrogen configuration options within a given market, and identifying the key drivers and thresholds for market viability of nuclear hydrogen options.

  13. Magnetic circular dichroism in x-ray absorption and core-level photoemission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tobin, J.G.; Waddill, G.D.; Gouder, T.H.; Colmenares, C.A.; Pappas, D.P.

    1993-03-17

    Here is reported observation of magnetic circular dichroism in both x-ray absorption and core-level photoemission of ultra thin magnetic films using circularly polarized x-rays. Iron films (1--4 ML) grown on a Cu(001) substrate at 150 K and magnetized perpendicular to the surface show dramatic changes in the L{sub 2,3} branching ratio for different x-ray polarizations. For linearly-polarized x-rays perpendicular to the magnetic axis of the sample the branching ratio was 0.75. For films {ge} 2 ML, this ratio varied from 0.64 to 0.85 for photon spin parallel and anti-parallel, respectively, to the magnetic axis. This effect was observed either by changing the x-ray helicity for a fixed magnetic axis, or by reversing the magnetic axis for a fixed x-ray helicity. Our observation can be analyzed within a simple one-electron picture, if the raw branching ratios are no so that the linear value becomes statistical Furthermore, warming the films to {approximately}300 K eliminated this effect, indicating a loss of magnetization in the film over a temperature range of {approximately}30 K. Finally, reversing the relative orientation of the photon spin and the magnetic axis from parallel to anti-parallel allowed measurement of the exchange splitting of the Fe 2p and 3p core levels which were found to be 0.3 eV and 0.2 eV. respectively. These results are consistent with earlier studies, but the use of off-plane circularly-polarized x-rays from a bending magnet monochromator offers {approximately}2 orders of magnitude greater intensity than typical spin-polarization measurements. Finally, we have performed preliminary x-ray absorption studies of UFe{sub 2}, demonstrating the feasibilty of MCD measurements in 5f as well as 3d materials.

  14. Apparatus configured for identification of a material and method of identifying a material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Slater, John M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Crawford, Thomas M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Frickey, Dean A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2001-01-01

    The present invention relates to an apparatus configured for identification of a material and method of identifying a material. One embodiment of the present invention provides an apparatus configured for identification of a material including a first region configured to receive a first sample and output a first spectrum responsive to exposure of the first sample to radiation; a signal generator configured to provide a reference signal having a reference frequency and a modulation signal having a modulation frequency; a modulator configured to selectively modulate the first spectrum using the modulation signal according to the reference frequency; a second region configured to receive a second sample and output a second spectrum responsive to exposure of the second sample to the first spectrum; and a detector configured to detect the second spectrum.

  15. On the injectivity of the circular Radon transform arising in thermoacoustic tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaik Ambartsoumian; Peter Kuchment

    2004-12-25

    The circular Radon transform integrates a function over the set of all spheres with a given set of centers. The problem of injectivity of this transform (as well as inversion formulas, range descriptions, etc.) arises in many fields from approximation theory to integral geometry, to inverse problems for PDEs, and recently to newly developing types of tomography. The article discusses known and provides new results that one can obtain by methods that essentially involve only the finite speed of propagation and domain dependence for the wave equation.

  16. Classical and quantum chaos in a circular billiard with a straight cut

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ree, S.; Reichl, L.E. [Center for Studies in Statistical Mechanics and Complex Systems, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)] [Center for Studies in Statistical Mechanics and Complex Systems, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

    1999-08-01

    We study classical and quantum dynamics of a particle in a circular billiard with a straight cut. Classically, this system can be integrable, nonintegrable with {ital soft chaos}, or nonintegrable with {ital hard chaos} as we vary the size of the cut. We plot Poincar{acute e} surfaces of section to study chaos. Quantum mechanically, we look at Husimi plots, and also use the quantum web, the technique primarily used in spin systems so far, to try to see differences in quantum manifestations of soft and hard chaos. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

  17. Public information circular for shipments of irradiated reactor fuel. Revision 9

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-03-01

    This circular has been prepared to provide information on the shipment of irradiated reactor fuel (spent fuel) subject to regulation by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and to meet the requirements of Public Law 96--295. The report provides a brief description of NRC authority for certain aspects of transporting spent fuel. It provides descriptive statistics on spent fuel shipments regulated by the NRC from 1979 to 1992. It also lists detailed highway and railway segments used within each state from October 1, 1987 through December 31, 1992.

  18. Hydrogen atoms in circularly polarized microwave fields: Near-integrability and ionization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rakovi?, M. J.; Chu, Shih-I

    1995-08-01

    as one of the paradigms for the study of "quantum chaos. " A related problem, of more recent in- terest, is the ionization of Rydberg atoms in the presence of circularly polarized (CP) microwave fields. A recent experiment [3] on microwave ionization... systems I and II. Con- sider the energy momentum map-[8] corresponding to the integrable system II: AfsM: P~)R': (r, p)~(H(r, p), I(r, p), J(r, p)), A,FM(P)=Q . where Q C:IR is the image of the phase space P under the energy-momentum map. Let M(r, p...

  19. Intense terahertz emission from relativistic circularly polarized laser pulses interaction with overdense plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Zi-Yu; Li, Xiao-Ya [National Key Laboratory of Shock Wave and Detonation Physics, Institute of Fluid Physics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China)] [National Key Laboratory of Shock Wave and Detonation Physics, Institute of Fluid Physics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Yu, Wei [Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China)] [Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China)

    2013-10-15

    During the interaction of a relativistic circularly polarized laser pulse with an overdense plasma target, the longitudinal motion of bunches of electrons under the action of light pressure and electrostatic restore force can emit intense terahertz (THz) pulses. This mechanism allows high pump laser intensity and large electron number participating in the emission. Two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations are carried out to investigate the THz emission. The results suggest that such a source can produce remarkably intense THz pulses with energy of several mJ/sr and power of tens of gigawatts, which could find applications in nonlinear studies and relativistic laser-plasma interaction diagnostics.

  20. Experimental near field OAM-based communication with circular patch array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spinello, Fabio; Oldoni, Matteo; Ravanelli, Roberto A; Someda, Carlo G; Tamburini, Fabrizio; Romanato, Filippo; Coassini, Piero; Parisi, Giuseppe

    2015-01-01

    A short range experimental communication system, based on Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM) multiplexing, is presented. We characterize circular arrays of patch antennas designed to transmit and receive OAM electromagnetic fields, reporting new results on communication links based on such antennas. We also experimentally study the antennas tolerance to misalignment errors (angular tilt and lateral shift) within which OAM multiplexing can be efficiently exploited. Starting from these results, we finally propose an application to short range communications of OAM-based systems that can lead to a high level of security in the information exchange.

  1. Dynamics of a drop trapped inside a horizontal circular hydraulic jump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchesne, Alexis; Lebon, Luc; Pirat, Christophe; Limat, Laurent

    2013-01-01

    A drop of moderate size deposited inside a horizontal circular hydraulic jump of the same liquid remains trapped at the shock front and does not coalesce. In this situation the drop is moving along the jump and one observes two different motions: a periodic one (it orbitates at constant speed) and an irregular one involving reversals of the orbital motion. Modeling the drop as a rigid sphere exchanging friction with liquid across a thin film of air, we recover the orbital motion and the internal rotation of the drop. This internal rotation is experimentally observed.

  2. Orbits and reversals of a drop rolling inside a horizontal circular hydraulic jump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexis Duchesne; Clément Savaro; Luc Lebon; Christophe Pirat; Laurent Limat

    2013-02-14

    We explore the complex dynamics of a non-coalescing drop of moderate size inside a circular hydraulic jump of the same liquid formed on a horizontal disk. In this situation the drop is moving along the jump and one observes two different motions: a periodic one (it orbitates at constant speed) and an irregular one involving reversals of the orbital motion. Modeling the drop as a rigid sphere exchanging friction with liquid across a thin film of air, we recover the orbital motion and the internal rotation of the drop. This internal rotation is experimentally observed.

  3. Buckling of steel cylinders containing circular cutouts reinforced according to the area-replacement method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dove, R.C.; Bennett, J.G.; Butler, T.A.

    1982-01-01

    The effect of the use of the area replacement method (ARM) for reinforcing circular penetrations in cylindrical steel shells has been studied both experimentally and analyticaly. How this type of reinforcement affects the buckling strength of a shell subjected to uniform axial compression is the specific area of investigation. In shells that are of such a quality that the penetration reduces the buckling strength, the use of the ARM will increase the bucking strength of the shell. In any case, the conservative knockdown factors suggested for buckling design by the American Society of Mechanical Engineer's (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code should ensure an adequate margin to failure under this loading condition.

  4. Rapid purification of circular DNA by triplex-mediated affinity capture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ji, Huamin (4817 Sheboygan Ave., Madison, WI 53705); Smith, Lloyd M. (1115 Amherst Dr., Madison, WI 53705)

    1997-01-01

    A single-step capture of a target supercoiled double-stranded DNA molecule is accomplished by forming a local triple-helix among two strands of the supercoiled circular DNA and an oligonucleotide probe. The oligonucleotide is bound to an immobilizing support which facilitates the immobilization and purification of target DNA molecules. Non-target DNA molecules and other contaminating cellular material are easily removed by washing. The triple-helical structure is destabilized by raising the pH, leaving purified target DNA in the supernatant and reusable affinity capture oligonucleotide secured to the immobilizing support.

  5. Rapid purification of circular DNA by triplex-mediated affinity capture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ji, H.; Smith, L.M.

    1997-01-07

    A single-step capture of a target supercoiled double-stranded DNA molecule is accomplished by forming a local triple-helix among two strands of the supercoiled circular DNA and an oligonucleotide probe. The oligonucleotide is bound to an immobilizing support which facilitates the immobilization and purification of target DNA molecules. Non-target DNA molecules and other contaminating cellular material are easily removed by washing. The triple-helical structure is destabilized by raising the pH, leaving purified target DNA in the supernatant and reusable affinity capture oligonucleotide secured to the immobilizing support. 3 figs.

  6. Self-focusing of circularly polarized laser pulse propagating through a magnetized non-Maxwellian plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sepehri Javan, N.

    2014-10-15

    Self-focusing of an intense circularly polarized laser pulse propagating through a magnetized non-Maxwellian plasma is investigated. Based on a relativistic two-fluid model, nonlinear equation describing dynamics of the slowly varying amplitude is obtained. The evolution of laser spot size is studied and effect of non-Maxwellian distribution of charge density on the spot size is considered. It is shown that the existence of super-thermal particles leads to the enhancement of the self-focusing quality of plasma.

  7. Approximate dynamical symmetry of hydrogen atoms in circularly polarized microwave fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rakovi?, M. J.; Chu, Shih-I

    1994-12-01

    of the classical ionization field threshold. The result is consistent with all available experimental observations. PACS number(s): 32.80.Rm, 03.20.+i, 32.60.+ i H,;,=Ho col, +fx, — where Ho=p2/2 —1/r, 1, =xp —yp„, and f and co are the amplitude and frequency... of the applied microwave field. The central result of this paper is that the system defined with the Hamiltonian function H=Ho col, +fx+co (—x +y +4z }/18 (2) The physics of Rydberg atoms in a circularly polarized microwave field has drawn much attention...

  8. Noncommutative quantum mechanics of simple matter systems interacting with circularly polarized gravitational waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sunandan Gangopadhyay; Anirban Saha; Swarup Saha

    2014-09-11

    The response of a test particle, both for the free case and under the harmonic oscillator potential, to circularly polarized gravitational waves is investigated in a noncommutative quantum mechanical setting. The system is quantized following the prescription in \\cite{ncgw1}. Standard algebraic techniques are then employed to solve the Hamiltonian of the system. The solutions, in both cases, show signatures of the coordinate noncommutativity. In the harmonic oscillator case, this signature plays a key role in altering the resonance point and the oscillation frequency of the system.

  9. High-harmonic generation in benzene with linearly- and circularly-polarised laser pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wardlow, Abigail

    2015-01-01

    High harmonic generation in benzene is studied using a mixed quantum-classical approach in which the electrons are described using time-dependent density functional theory while the ions move classically. The interaction with both circularly- and linearly-polarised infra-red ($\\lambda = 800$ nm) laser pulses of duration 10 cycles (26.7 fs) is considered. The effect of allowing the ions to move is investigated as is the effect of including self-interaction corrections to the exchange-correlation functional. Our results for circularly-polarised pulses are compared with previous calculations in which the ions were kept fixed and self-interaction corrections were not included while our results for linearly-polarised pulses are compared with both previous calculations and experiment. We find that even for the short duration pulses considered here, the ionic motion greatly influences the harmonic spectra. While ionization and ionic displacements are greatest when linearly-polarised pulses are used, the response to ...

  10. Shining New Light on Protein Structure and Function thru Synchrotron Radiation Circular Dichroism (SRCD) Spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wallace,B.

    2005-01-01

    Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy has been employed for more than 50 years for the study of the structure and dynamics of proteins. It is now a workhorse of structural biology, finding applications in the determination of protein secondary structures, monitoring and deciphering protein folding, examining macromolecular interactions, and defining and quantitating protein-ligand binding. For the most part, CD studies have used laboratory-based instruments to measure electronic transitions in the far (190-250 nm), near ultraviolet (UV) (250-300 nm) and visible (> 400 nm) wavelength ranges, which have enabled studies of polypeptide backbones, aromatic amino acids and colored chromophores, respectively. Additional transitions exist at lower wavelengths in the vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) region (<190 nm); however, these transitions tend to be inaccessible to conventional CD instruments, due to the low intensity of their Xenon arc lamp light sources at wavelengths below190 nm. In 1980, the first synchrotron-based CD instruments were constructed, which took advantage of the high photon flux available from synchrotron light sources at these wavelengths. However, the technique of synchrotron radiation circular dichroism (SRCD) did not really take off until enabling studies had been done to show that additional data were obtainable for proteins in the VUV region, that these data were readily accessible with modern beamlines, and most importantly, that new applications of these data existed in structural molecular biology.

  11. Strong Circularly Polarized Luminescence from Highly Emissive Terbium Complexes in Aqueous Solution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samuel, Amanda; Lunkley, Jamie; Muller, Gilles; Raymond, Kenneth

    2010-03-15

    Two luminescent terbium(III) complexes have been prepared from chiral ligands containing 2-hydroxyisophthalamide (IAM) antenna chromophores and their non-polarized and circularly-polarized luminescence properties have been studied. These tetradentate ligands, which form 2:1 ligand/Tb{sup III} complexes, utilize diaminocyclohexane (cyLI) and diphenylethylenediamine (dpenLI) backbones, which we reasoned would impart conformational rigidity and result in Tb{sup III} complexes that display both large luminescence quantum yield ({phi}) values and strong circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) activities. Both Tb{sup III} complexes are highly emissive, with {phi} values of 0.32 (dpenLI-Tb) and 0.60 (cyLI-Tb). Luminescence lifetime measurements in H{sub 2}O and D{sub 2}O indicate that while cyLI-Tb exists as a single species in solution, dpenLI-Tb exists as two species: a monohydrate complex with one H{sub 2}O molecule directly bound to the Tb{sup III} ion and a complex with no water molecules in the inner coordination sphere. Both cyLI-Tb and dpenLI-Tb display increased CPL activity compared to previously reported Tb{sup III} complexes made with chiral IAM ligands. The CPL measurements also provide additional confirmation of the presence of a single emissive species in solution in the case of cyLI-Tb, and multiple emissive species in the case of dpenLI-Tb.

  12. Polarization measurement and vertical aperture optimization for obtaining circularly polarized bend-magnet radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kortright, J.; Rice, M.; Hussain, Z.; Padmore, H.; Adamson, A.; Huff, W.; Young, A.; Moler, E.; Kellar, S.; Ynzunza, R.; Palomares, F.; Daimon, H.; Tober, E.; Fadley, C. [Center for X-Ray Optics, Advanced Light Source, Chemical Sciences Division, Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)] [Center for X-Ray Optics, Advanced Light Source, Chemical Sciences Division, Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); [Physics Department, University of California-Davis, Davis, CA 95616 (United States); [Department of Material Physics, Osaka University, Osaka (Japan)

    1996-09-01

    Using multilayer linear polarizers, we have characterized the polarization state of radiation from bend-magnet beamline 9.3.2 at the Advanced Light Source as a function of vertical opening angle at photon energies of 367 and 722 eV. Both a fine slit and a coarse semi-aperture were stepped across the beam to accept different portions of the vertical radiation fan. Polarimetry yields the degree of linear polarization directly and the degree of circular polarization indirectly assuming an immeasurably small amount of unpolarized radiation based on the close agreement of the theoretical and experimental results for linear polarization. The results are in good agreement with theoretical calculations, with departures from theory resulting from uncertainty in the effective aperture of the measured beam. The narrow 0.037-mrad aperture on the orbit plane transmits a beam whose degree of linear polarization exceeds 0.99 at these energies. The wide semi-aperture blocking the beam from above and below transmits a beam with a maximum figure of merit, given by the square root of flux times the degree of circular polarization, when the aperture edge is on the orbit plane thus blocking only half of the total available flux. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  13. NEAR-INFRARED CIRCULAR POLARIZATION SURVEY IN STAR-FORMING REGIONS: CORRELATIONS AND TRENDS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwon, Jungmi; Tamura, Motohide; Hough, James H.; Lucas, Phil W.; Kusakabe, Nobuhiko; Kandori, Ryo; Nagata, Tetsuya; Nakajima, Yasushi; Nagayama, Takahiro

    2014-11-01

    We have conducted a systematic near-infrared circular polarization (CP) survey in star-forming regions, covering high-mass, intermediate-mass, and low-mass young stellar objects. All the observations were made using the SIRPOL imaging polarimeter on the Infrared Survey Facility 1.4 m telescope at the South African Astronomical Observatory. We present the polarization properties of 10 sub-regions in 6 star-forming regions. The polarization patterns, extents, and maximum degrees of linear and circular polarizations are used to determine the prevalence and origin of CP in the star-forming regions. Our results show that the CP pattern is quadrupolar in general, the CP regions are extensive, up to 0.65 pc, the CP degrees are high, up to 20%, and the CP degrees decrease systematically from high- to low-mass young stellar objects. The results are consistent with dichroic extinction mechanisms generating the high degrees of CP in star-forming regions.

  14. Validation of DNA probes for molecular cytogenetics by mapping onto immobilized circular DNA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greulich-Bode, Karin M.; Wang, Mei; Rhein, Andreas P.; Weier, Jingly F.; Weier, Heinz-Ulli G.

    2008-12-04

    Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is a sensitive and rapid procedure to detect gene rearrangements in tumor cells using non-isotopically labeled DNA probes. Large insert recombinant DNA clones such as bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) or P1/PAC clones have established themselves in recent years as preferred starting material for probe preparations due to their low rates of chimerism and ease of use. However, when developing probes for the quantitative analysis of rearrangements involving genomic intervals of less than 100kb, careful probe selection and characterization are of paramount importance. We describe a sensitive approach to quality control probe clones suspected of carrying deletions or for measuring clone overlap with near kilobase resolution. The method takes advantage of the fact that P1/PAC/BAC's can be isolated as circular DNA molecules, stretched out on glass slides and fine-mapped by multicolor hybridization with smaller probe molecules. Two examples demonstrate the application of this technique: mapping of a gene-specific {approx}6kb plasmid onto an unusually small, {approx}55kb circular P1 molecule and the determination of the extent of overlap between P1 molecules homologous to the human NF-{kappa}B2 locus. The relatively simple method presented here does not require specialized equipment and may thus find widespread applications in DNA probe preparation and characterization, the assembly of physical maps for model organisms or in studies on gene rearrangements.

  15. Validation of DNA probes for molecular cytogenetics by mapping onto immobilized circular DNA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greulich-Bode, Karin; Wang, Mei; Rhein, Andreas; Weier, Jingly; Weier, Heinz-Ulli

    2008-12-16

    Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is a sensitive and rapid procedure to detect gene rearrangements in tumor cells using non-isotopically labeled DNA probes. Large insert recombinant DNA clones such as bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) or P1/PAC clones have established themselves in recent years as preferred starting material for probe preparations due to their low rates of chimerism and ease of use. However, when developing probes for the quantitative analysis of rearrangements involving genomic intervals of less than 100kb, careful probe selection and characterization are of paramount importance. We describe a sensitive approach to quality control probe clones suspected of carrying deletions or for measuring clone overlap with near kilobase resolution. The method takes advantage of the fact that P1/PAC/BAC's can be isolated as circular DNA molecules, stretched out on glass slides and fine-mapped by multicolor hybridization with smaller probe molecules. Two examples demonstrate the application of this technique: mapping of a gene-specific {approx}6kb plasmid onto an unusually small, {approx}55kb circular P1 molecule and the determination of the extent of overlap between P1 molecules homologous to the human NF-?B2 locus. The relatively simple method presented here does not require specialized equipment and may thus find widespread applications in DNA probe preparation and characterization, the assembly of physical maps for model organisms or in studies on gene rearrangements.

  16. Dynamic processes in field-reversed-configuration compact toroids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rej, D.J.

    1987-01-01

    In this lecture, the dynamic processes involved in field-reversed configuration (FRC) formation, translation, and compression will be reviewed. Though the FRC is related to the field-reversed mirror concept, the formation method used in most experiments is a variant of the field-reversed THETA-pinch. Formation of the FRC eqilibrium occurs rapidly, usually in less than 20 ..mu..s. The formation sequence consists of several coupled processes: preionization; radial implosion and compression; magnetic field line closure; axial contraction; equilibrium formation. Recent experiments and theory have led to a significantly improved understanding of these processes; however, the experimental method still relies on a somewhat empirical approach which involves the optimization of initial preionization plasma parameters and symmetry. New improvements in FRC formation methods include the use of lower voltages which extrapolate better to larger devices. The axial translation of compact toroid plasmas offers an attractive engineering convenience in a fusion reactor. FRC translation has been demonstrated in several experiments worldwide, and these plasmas are found to be robust, moving at speeds up to the Alfven velocity over distances of up to 16 m, with no degradation in the confinement. Compact toroids are ideal for magnetic compression. Translated FRCs have been compressed and heated by imploding liners. Upcoming experiments will rely on external flux compression to heat a translater FRC at 1-GW power levels. 39 refs.

  17. A new configurational bias scheme for sampling supramolecular structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robin De Gernier; Tine Curk; Galina V. Dubacheva; Ralf P. Richter; Bortolo M. Mognetti

    2014-12-09

    We present a new simulation scheme which allows an efficient sampling of reconfigurable supramolecular structures made of polymeric constructs functionalized by reactive binding sites. The algorithm is based on the configurational bias scheme of Siepmann and Frenkel and is powered by the possibility of changing the topology of the supramolecular network by a non-local Monte Carlo algorithm. Such plan is accomplished by a multi-scale modelling that merges coarse-grained simulations, describing the typical polymer conformations, with experimental results accounting for free energy terms involved in the reactions of the active sites. We test the new algorithm for a system of DNA coated colloids for which we compute the hybridisation free energy cost associated to the binding of tethered single stranded DNAs terminated by short sequences of complementary nucleotides. In order to demonstrate the versatility of our method, we also consider polymers functionalized by receptors that bind a surface decorated by ligands. In particular we compute the density of states of adsorbed polymers as a function of the number of ligand-receptor complexes formed. Such a quantity can be used to study the conformational properties of adsorbed polymers useful when engineering adsorption with tailored properties. We successfully compare the results with the predictions of a mean field theory. We believe that the proposed method will be a useful tool to investigate supramolecular structures resulting from direct interactions between functionalized polymers for which efficient numerical methodologies of investigation are still lacking.

  18. Intruder configurations in neutron-rich {sup 34}P

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ollier, J.; Chapman, R.; Liang, X.; Labiche, M.; Spohr, K.-M.; Davison, M.; De Angelis, G.; Axiotis, M.; Kroell, T.; Napoli, D.R.; Martinez, T.; Bazzacco, D.; Farnea, E.; Lunardi, S.; Smith, A.G.; Haas, F.

    2005-03-01

    Extensions to the yrast and near-yrast decay sequences of the neutron-rich nucleus {sub 15}{sup 34}P{sub 19} have been established through an analysis of the {gamma} deexcitation of fragments produced in deep-inelastic processes which occur when 230-MeV {sup 36}S ions interact with a thick target of {sup 176}Yb. The highly sensitive GASP array of escape-suppressed Ge detectors was used to measure the resulting {gamma}-ray deexcitations of both projectilelike and targetlike fragments. Previously unobserved excited states in {sup 34}P were observed at 3351, 6236, 2320, and (4723) keV. Several states above an excitation energy of 2.3 MeV involve intruder configurations from the f{sub 7/2} shell. The investigation of negative parity intruder states on the periphery of the 'island of inversion' has an important role to play in our understanding of the evolution of nuclear structure as the island of inversion is approached.

  19. Verification of gyrokinetic microstability codes ?with an LHD configuration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mikkelsen, D. R.; Nunami, M.; Watanabe, T. -H.; Sugama, H.; Tanaka, K.

    2014-11-01

    We extend previous benchmarks of the GS2 and GKV-X codes to verify their algorithms for solving the gyrokinetic Vlasov-Poisson equations for plasma microturbulence. Code benchmarks are the most complete way of verifying the correctness of implementations for the solution of mathematical models for complex physical processes such as those studied here. The linear stability calculations reported here are based on the plasma conditions of an ion-ITB plasma in the LHD configuration. The plasma parameters and the magnetic geometry differ from previous benchmarks involving these codes. We find excellent agreement between the independently written pre-processors that calculate the geometrical coefficients used in the gyrokinetic equations. Grid convergence tests are used to establish the resolution and domain size needed to obtain converged linear stability results. The agreement of the frequencies, growth rates and eigenfunctions in the benchmarks reported here provides additional verification that the algorithms used by the GS2 and GKV-X codes are correctly finding the linear eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the gyrokinetic Vlasov-Poisson equations.

  20. Fusion proton diagnostic for the C-2 field reversed configuration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Magee, R. M. Clary, R.; Korepanov, S.; Smirnov, A.; Garate, E.; Knapp, K.; Tkachev, A.

    2014-11-15

    Measurements of the flux of fusion products from high temperature plasmas provide valuable insights into the ion energy distribution, as the fusion reaction rate is a very sensitive function of ion energy. In C-2, where field reversed configuration plasmas are formed by the collision of two compact toroids and partially sustained by high power neutral beam injection [M. Binderbauer et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 045003 (2010); M. Tuszewski et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 255008 (2012)], measurements of DD fusion neutron flux are used to diagnose ion temperature and study fast ion confinement and dynamics. In this paper, we will describe the development of a new 3 MeV proton detector that will complement existing neutron detectors. The detector is a large area (50?cm{sup 2}), partially depleted, ion implanted silicon diode operated in a pulse counting regime. While the scintillator-based neutron detectors allow for high time resolution measurements (?100 kHz), they have no spatial or energy resolution. The proton detector will provide 10 cm spatial resolution, allowing us to determine if the axial distribution of fast ions is consistent with classical fast ion theory or whether anomalous scattering mechanisms are active. We will describe in detail the diagnostic design and present initial data from a neutral beam test chamber.

  1. Touring DNS Open Houses for Trends and Configurations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalafut, Prof. Andrew; Shue, Craig A; Gupta, Prof. Minaxi

    2011-01-01

    DNS is a critical component of the Internet. It maps domain names to IP addresses and serves as a distributed database for various other applications, including mail, Web, and spam filtering. This paper examines DNS zones in the Internet for diversity, adoption rates of new technologies, and prevalence of configuration issues. To gather data, we sweep 60% of the Internet's domains in June - August 2007 for zone transfers. 6.6% of them allow us to transfer their complete information. Surprisingly, this includes a large fraction of the domains deploying DNSSEC. We find that DNS zones vary significantly in size and some span many ASes. Also, while anti-spam technologies appear to be getting deployed, the adoption rates of DNSSEC and IPv6 continue to be low. Finally, we also find that carelessness in handing DNS records can lead to reduced availability of name servers, email, and Web servers. This also undermines anti-spam efforts and the efforts to shut down phishing sites or to contain malware infections.

  2. Inertial waves and mean velocity profiles in a rotating pipe and a circular annulus with axial flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yantao; Wu, J Z; Orlandi, Paolo

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we solve the inviscid inertial wave solutions in a circular pipe or annulus rotating constantly about its axis with moderate angular speed. The solutions are constructed by the so-called helical wave functions. We reveal that the mean velocity profiles must satisfy certain conditions to accommodate the inertial waves at the bulk region away from boundary. These conditions require the axial and azimuthal components of the mean velocity take the shapes of the zeroth and first order Bessel functions of the first kind, respectively. The theory is then verified by data obtained from direct numerical simulations for both rotating pipe and circular annulus, and excellent agreement is found between theory and numerical results. Large scale vortex clusters are found in the bulk region where the mean velocity profiles match the theoretical predictions. The success of the theory in rotating pipe, circular annulus, and streamwise rotating channel suggests that such inertial waves are quite common in wall bo...

  3. System Configuration Management Implementation Procedure for the Canister Storage Building (CSB)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    GARRISON, R.C.

    2000-09-22

    This document implements the procedure for providing configuration control for the monitoring and control systems associated with the operation of the Canister Storage Building (CSB). It identifies and defines the configuration items in the monitoring and control systems, provides configuration control of these items throughout the system life cycle, provides configuration status accounting, physical protection and control, and verifies the completeness and correctness of the items. It is written to comply with HNF-SD-SNF-CM-001, Spent Nuclear Fuel Configuration Management Plan (Forehand 1998), HNF-PRO-309, Computer Software Quality Assurance Requirements, HNF-PRO-2778, IRM Application Software System Life Cycle Standards, and applicable sections of administrative procedure AP-CM-6-037-00, SNF Project Process Automation Software and Equipment Configuration Management.

  4. A novel electron gun for inline MRI-linac configurations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Constantin, Drago? E. Fahrig, Rebecca; Holloway, Lois; Keall, Paul J.

    2014-02-15

    Purpose: This work introduces a new electron gun geometry capable of robust functioning in the presence of a high strength external magnetic field for axisymmetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-linac configurations. This allows an inline MRI-linac to operate without the need to isolate the linear accelerator (linac) using a magnetic shield. This MRI-linac integration approach not only leaves the magnet homogeneity unchanged but also provides the linac flexibility to move along the magnet axis of symmetry if the source to target distance needs to be adjusted. Methods: Simple electron gun geometry modifications of a Varian 600C electron gun are considered and solved in the presence of an external magnetic field in order to determine a set of design principles for the new geometry. Based on these results, a new gun geometry is proposed and optimized in the fringe field of a 0.5 T open bore MRI magnet (GE Signa SP). A computer model for the 6 MeV Varian 600C linac is used to determine the capture efficiency of the new electron gun-linac system in the presence of the fringe field of the same MRI scanner. The behavior of the new electron gun plus the linac system is also studied in the fringe fields of two other magnets, a 1.0 T prototype open bore magnet and a 1.5 T GE Conquest scanner. Results: Simple geometrical modifications of the original electron gun geometry do not provide feasible solutions. However, these tests show that a smaller transverse cathode diameter with a flat surface and a slightly larger anode diameter could alleviate the current loss due to beam interactions with the anode in the presence of magnetic fields. Based on these findings, an initial geometry resembling a parallel plate capacitor with a hole in the anode is proposed. The optimization procedure finds a cathode-anode distance of 5 mm, a focusing electrode angle of 5°, and an anode drift tube length of 17.1 mm. Also, the linac can be displaced with ±15 cm along the axis of the 0.5 T magnet without capture efficiency reduction below the experimental value in zero field. In this range of linac displacements, the electron beam generated by the new gun geometry is more effectively injected into the linac in the presence of an external magnetic field, resulting in approximately 20% increase of the target current compared to the original gun geometry behavior at zero field. The new gun geometry can generate and accelerate electron beams in external magnetic fields without current loss for fields higher than 0.11 T. The new electron-gun geometry is robust enough to function in the fringe fields of the other two magnets with a target current loss of no more than 16% with respect to the current obtained with no external magnetic fields. Conclusions: In this work, a specially designed electron gun was presented which can operate in the presence of axisymmetric strong magnetic fringe fields of MRI magnets. Computer simulations show that the electron gun can produce high quality beams which can be injected into a straight through linac such as Varian 600C and accelerated with more efficiency in the presence of the external magnetic fields. Also, the new configuration allows linac displacements along the magnet axis in a range equal to the diameter of the imaging spherical volume of the magnet under consideration. The new electron gun-linac system can function in the fringe field of a MRI magnet if the field strength at the cathode position is higher than 0.11 T. The capture efficiency of the linac depends on the magnetic field strength and the field gradient. The higher the gradient the better the capture efficiency. The capture efficiency does not degrade more than 16%.

  5. Optical fiber configurations for transmission of laser energy over great distances

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rinzler, Charles C; Zediker, Mark S

    2014-11-04

    There are provided optical fiber configurations that provide for the delivery of laser energy, and in particular, the transmission and delivery of high power laser energy over great distances. These configurations further are hardened to protect the optical fibers from the stresses and conditions of an intended application. The configurations provide means for determining the additional fiber length (AFL) need to obtain the benefits of such additional fiber, while avoiding bending losses.

  6. Optical fiber configurations for transmission of laser energy over great distances

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rinzler, Charles C; Zediker, Mark S

    2013-10-29

    There are provided optical fiber configurations that provide for the delivery of laser energy, and in particular, the transmission and delivery of high power laser energy over great distances. These configurations further are hardened to protect the optical fibers from the stresses and conditions of an intended application. The configurations provide means for determining the additional fiber length (AFL) need to obtain the benefits of such additional fiber, while avoiding bending losses.

  7. SL-ST Software Configuration and Management System (SCaM) Project - Project Evaluation Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartolomé, R; Hatziangeli, Eugenia; Last, I; Ninin, P; Sobczak, H; CERN. Geneva. SPS and LEP Division

    1998-01-01

    This document is the output of the evaluation work done as part of the survey phase of the SCaM project. It contains the evaluation of commercial Software Configuration Mangement tools against previou sly captured User Requirements. Recommendations regarding the best solution are made by the project team. They will serve as a basis for the implementation of a software configuration management syste m and the derivation of a software configuration management procedure for SL and ST.

  8. Computational efficiency improvement with Wigner rotation technique in studying atoms in intense few-cycle circularly polarized pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yuan, Minghu; Feng, Liqiang [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China); Lü, Rui [Laboratory of Pathogenic Biology, Medical College, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071 (China)] [Laboratory of Pathogenic Biology, Medical College, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071 (China); Chu, Tianshu, E-mail: tschu@dicp.ac.cn, E-mail: tschu008@163.com [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China) [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China); Institute for Computational Sciences and Engineering, Laboratory of New Fiber Materials and Modern Textile, The Growing Base for State Key Laboratory, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071 (China)

    2014-02-21

    We show that by introducing Wigner rotation technique into the solution of time-dependent Schrödinger equation in length gauge, computational efficiency can be greatly improved in describing atoms in intense few-cycle circularly polarized laser pulses. The methodology with Wigner rotation technique underlying our openMP parallel computational code for circularly polarized laser pulses is described. Results of test calculations to investigate the scaling property of the computational code with the number of the electronic angular basis function l as well as the strong field phenomena are presented and discussed for the hydrogen atom.

  9. MAP, MAC, and Vortex-rings Configurations in the Weinberg-Salam Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosy Teh; Ban-Loong Ng; Khai-Ming Wong

    2015-03-20

    We report on the presence of new axially symmetric monopoles, antimonopoles and vortex-rings solutions of the SU(2)$\\times$U(1) Weinberg-Salam model of electromagnetic and weak interactions. When the $\\phi$-winding number $n=1$, and 2, the configurations are monopole-antimonopole pair (MAP) and monopole-antimonopole chain (MAC) with poles of alternating sign magnetic charge arranged along the $z$-axis. Vortex-rings start to appear from the MAP and MAC configurations when the winding number $n=3$. The MAP configurations possess zero net magnetic charge whereas the MAC configurations possess net magnetic charge of $4\\pi n/e$. In the MAP configurations, the monopole-antimonopole pair is bounded by the ${\\cal Z}^0$ field flux string and there is an electromagnetic current loop encircling it. The monopole and antimonopole possess magnetic charges $\\pm\\frac{4\\pi n}{e}\\sin^2\\theta_W$ respectively. In the MAC configurations there is no string connecting the monopole and the adjacent antimonopole and they possess magnetic charges $\\pm\\frac{4\\pi n}{e}$ respectively. The MAC configurations possess infinite total energy and zero magnetic dipole moment whereas the MAP configurations which are actually sphalerons possess finite total energy and magnetic dipole moment. The configurations were investigated for varying values of Higgs self-coupling constant $0\\leq \\lambda\\leq 40$ at Weinberg angle $\\theta_W=\\frac{\\pi}{4}$.

  10. DOE Orders Self-Study Program - DOE-STD-1073-2003, Configuration...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Configuration Management Familiar Level - August 2011 The familiar level of this module is divided into three sections. The first section covers chapters 1 through 3. The...

  11. The chiral condensate on 2-flavor staggered configurations from an overlap operator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anna Hasenfratz; Roland Hoffmann

    2006-09-28

    We measure the low lying eigenmodes of an overlap Dirac operator on 2--flavor staggered configurations. By comparing the eigenmode distribution to the predictions of Random Matrix Theory we test to what accuracy staggered configurations describe continuum QCD. The agreement between the numerical data and RMT implies that at our quark mass values the lattice artifacts of the staggered configurations are comparable to overlap configurations. We identify the overlap valence mass that best matches the staggered sea quarks and predict the value of the infinite volume 2-flavor chiral condensate.

  12. System Configuration Management Implementation Procedure for the Canister Storage Building (CSB)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    GARRISON, R.C.

    2000-11-28

    This document provides configuration management for the Distributed Control System (DCS), the Gaseous Effluent Monitoring System (GEMS-100) System, the Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), the Canister Receiving Crane (CRC) CRN-001 PLC, and both North and South vestibule door interlock system PLCs at the Canister Storage Building (CSB). This procedure identifies and defines software configuration items in the CSB control and monitoring systems, and defines configuration control throughout the system life cycle. Components of this control include: configuration status accounting; physical protection and control; and verification of the completeness and correctness of these items.

  13. Ionization of oriented carbonyl sulfide molecules by intense circularly polarized laser pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dimitrovski, Darko; Abu-samha, Mahmoud; Madsen, Lars Bojer; Filsinger, Frank; Meijer, Gerard; Kuepper, Jochen [Lundbeck Foundation Theoretical Center for Quantum System Research, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Faradayweg 4-6, D-14195 Berlin (Germany); Holmegaard, Lotte; Kalhoej, Line [Department of Chemistry, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Nielsen, Jens H. [Department of Physics, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Stapelfeldt, Henrik [Department of Chemistry, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO), Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

    2011-02-15

    We present combined experimental and theoretical results on strong-field ionization of oriented carbonyl sulfide molecules by circularly polarized laser pulses. The obtained molecular frame photoelectron angular distributions show pronounced asymmetries perpendicular to the direction of the molecular electric dipole moment. These findings are explained by a tunneling model invoking the laser-induced Stark shifts associated with the dipoles and polarizabilities of the molecule and its unrelaxed cation. The focus of the present article is to understand the strong-field ionization of one-dimensionally-oriented polar molecules, in particular asymmetries in the emission direction of the photoelectrons. In the following article [Phys. Rev. A 83, 023406 (2011)] the focus is to understand strong-field ionization from three-dimensionally-oriented asymmetric top molecules, in particular the suppression of electron emission in nodal planes of molecular orbitals.

  14. A study on periodic solutions for the circular restricted three-body problem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, F. B. [School of Mathematical Science, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225002 (China); Zhang, W., E-mail: gaofabao@sina.com, E-mail: gaofabao@gmail.com [College of Mechanical Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124 China (China)

    2014-12-01

    For the circular restricted three-body problem (CR3BP) in the inertial frame, we interpret the fact that there is no non-trivial 2?-periodic solution of the problem's homogeneous system. Furthermore, based on Reissig's theory, the existence of periodic solutions for the CR3BP is proved rigorously by using the above fact in conjunction with an a priori estimate. It is significant that the existence of periodic solutions of the CR3BP is mainly influenced by factors such as initial values, primary masses, and selection of the problem's control function. In addition, it is notable that the analytic proof of Poincaré's first class solutions is addressed for all values of the mass parameter in the interval (0, 1), the value of which must be sufficiently small according to previously published literature.

  15. Optimizing the Bent Crystal Parameters for High-Efficiency Beam Extraction and Collimation in Circular Accelerators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yazynin, I A; Chesnokov, Yu A

    2011-01-01

    The efficiency of the beam extraction and collimation systems in circular accelerators with the use of the channeling effect in a bent crystal is determined. The dependences of the extraction efficiency on the geometrical parameters of the crystal (its length, thickness, and bending angle), the azimuthal location of the system components, and the offset of the septum or scraper are presented. The influence of crystal imperfections (amorphous layers, misorientation, and torsion) on the efficiency of the systems is considered, and their tolerances are proposed. It is shown that an extraction efficiency of >95% can be attained over a wide energy range from 2 GeV to 7 TeV by optimizing the crystal parameters and the positions of the system components.

  16. Photo-production of scalar particles in the field of a circularly polarized laser beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selym Villalba-Chávez; Carsten Müller

    2013-01-11

    The photo-production of a pair of scalar particles in the presence of an intense, circularly polarized laser beam is investigated. Using the optical theorem within the framework of scalar quantum electrodynamics, explicit expressions are given for the pair production probability in terms of the imaginary part of the vacuum polarization tensor. Its leading asymptotic behavior is determined for various limits of interest. The influence of the absence of internal spin degrees of freedom is analyzed via a comparison with the corresponding probabilities for production of spin-1/2 particles; the lack of spin is shown to suppress the pair creation rate, as compared to the predictions from Dirac theory. Potential applications of our results for the search of minicharged particles are indicated.

  17. A microwave applicator for uniform irradiation by circularly polarized waves in an anechoic chamber

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiang, W. Y.; Wu, M. H.; Wu, K. L.; Lin, M. H.; Teng, H. H.; Barnett, L. R.; Chu, K. R., E-mail: krchu@yahoo.com.tw [Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Tsai, Y. F.; Ko, C. C.; Yang, E. C. [Department of Entomology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Jiang, J. A. [Department of Bio-Industrial Mechatronics Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)

    2014-08-15

    Microwave applicators are widely employed for materials heating in scientific research and industrial applications, such as food processing, wood drying, ceramic sintering, chemical synthesis, waste treatment, and insect control. For the majority of microwave applicators, materials are heated in the standing waves of a resonant cavity, which can be highly efficient in energy consumption, but often lacks the field uniformity and controllability required for a scientific study. Here, we report a microwave applicator for rapid heating of small samples by highly uniform irradiation. It features an anechoic chamber, a 24-GHz microwave source, and a linear-to-circular polarization converter. With a rather low energy efficiency, such an applicator functions mainly as a research tool. This paper discusses the significance of its special features and describes the structure, in situ diagnostic tools, calculated and measured field patterns, and a preliminary heating test of the overall system.

  18. Axial magnetic field generation by intense circularly polarized laser pulses in underdense plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naseri, N.; Rozmus, W. [Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J1 (Canada); Bychenkov, V. Yu. [Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J1 (Canada); P. N. Lebedev Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)

    2010-08-15

    Axial magnetic field generation by intense circularly polarized laser beams in underdense plasmas has been studied with three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations and by means of theoretical analysis. Comparisons between analytical models and simulation results have identified an inverse Faraday effect as the main mechanism of the magnetic field generation in inhomogeneous plasmas. The source of azimuthal nonlinear currents and of the axial magnetic field depends on the transverse inhomogeneities of the electron density and laser intensity. The fields reach a maximum strength of several tens of megagauss for laser pulses undergoing relativistic self-focusing and channeling in moderately relativistic regime. Ultrarelativistic laser conditions inhibit magnetic field generation by directly reducing a source term and by generating fully evacuated plasma channels.

  19. Brilliant Sm, Eu, Tb and Dy chiral lanthanide complexes withstrong circularly polarized luminescence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petoud, Stephane; Muller, Gilles; Moore, Evan G.; Xu, Jide; Sokolnicki, Jurek; Riehl, James P.; Le, Uyen; Cohen, Seth M.; Raymond,Kenneth N.

    2006-07-10

    The synthesis, characterization and luminescent behavior of trivalent Sm, Eu, Dy and Tb complexes of two enantiomeric, octadentate, chiral, 2-hydroxyisophthalamide ligands are reported. These complexes are highly luminescent in solution. Functionalization of the achiral parent ligand with a chiral 1-phenylethylamine substituent on the open face of the complex in close proximity to the metal center yields complexes with strong circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) activity. This appears to be the first example of a system utilizing the same ligand architecture to sensitize four different lanthanide cations and display CPL activity. The luminescence dissymmetry factor, g{sub lum}, recorded for the Eu(III) complex is one of the highest values reported, and this is the first time the CPL effect has been demonstrated for a Sm(III) complex with a chiral ligand. The combination of high luminescence intensity with CPL activity should enable new bioanalytical applications of macromolecules in chiral environments.

  20. Controlling circular polarization of light emitted by quantum dots using chiral photonic crystal slab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lobanov, S V; Gippius, N A; Maksimov, A A; Filatov, E V; Tartakovskii, I I; Kulakovskii, V D; Weiss, T; Schneider, C; Geßler, J; Kamp, M; Höfling, S

    2015-01-01

    Polarization properties of the emission have been investigated for quantum dots embedded in chiral photonic crystal structures made of achiral planar GaAs waveguides. A modification of the electromagnetic mode structure due to the chiral grating fabricated by partial etching of the waveguide layer has been shown to result in a high circular polarization degree $\\rho_c$ of the quantum dot emission in the absence of external magnetic field. The physical nature of the phenomenon can be understood in terms of the reciprocity principle taking into account the structural symmetry. At the resonance wavelength, the magnitude of $|\\rho_c|$ is predicted to exceed 98%. The experimentally achieved value of $|\\rho_c|=81$% is smaller, which is due to the contribution of unpolarized light scattered by grating defects, thus breaking its periodicity. The achieved polarization degree estimated removing the unpolarized nonresonant background from the emission spectra can be estimated to be as high as 96%, close to the theoretic...

  1. Circular dichroism in core-level emission from O/W(110): Experiment and theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daimon, H. [Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); [Graduate School of Materials Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Ikoma, Nara 630-0101 (Japan); Ynzunza, R.X.; Palomares, F.J.; Tober, E.D.; Wang, Z.X.; Kaduwela, A.P. [Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); [Physics Department, University of California at Davis, Davis, California 95616 (United States); Van Hove, M.A. [Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Fadley, C.S. [Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); [Physics Department, University of California at Davis, Davis, California 95616 (United States)

    1998-10-01

    Circular dichroism has been observed in the photoelectron diffraction of chemically shifted W 4f photoelectrons from the W(110)1{times}1-O surface. The diffraction peaks from first-layer W atoms bonded most directly to oxygen showed an azimuthal rotation similar to those reported in a prior experiment on Si(001). The maximum rotation angles are also in good agreement with those calculated using the formula {Delta}{phi}=m/kRthinspsin{sup 2}{theta} derived previously by Daimon {ital et al.} [Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 {bold 32}, L1480 (1993)] and assuming m=4, which is the maximum magnetic quantum number of the photoelectron wave function. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

  2. Transport in microdroplets via channel bends Physics of Fluids (in press, 2015) Quantifying transport within a two-cell microdroplet induced by circular and sharp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasuriya, Sanjeeva

    Transport in microdroplets via channel bends Physics of Fluids (in press, 2015) Quantifying transport within a two-cell microdroplet induced by circular and sharp channel bends Sanjeeva Balasuriya1 the role of piecewise circular or straight channel boundaries on the transport within a two

  3. VOL. 28, NO. 8, AUGUST 1990 AIAA JOURNAL 1447 Flow Distortion in a Circular-to-Rectangular Transition Duct

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leu, Tzong-Shyng "Jeremy"

    -to-Rectangular Transition Duct J. J. Miau,* T. S. Leu,? J. H. Chou,f S. A. Lint National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, Republic of China Experiments were made for three circular-to-rectangular transition ducts of the transition duct. The results indicate that the major driving force for flow in the duct to behave three

  4. Diffraction of dust acoustic waves by a circular cylinder S.-H. Kim, J. R. Heinrich, and R. L. Merlinoa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merlino, Robert L.

    Diffraction of dust acoustic waves by a circular cylinder S.-H. Kim, J. R. Heinrich, and R. L, 1896 . © 2008 American Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.2977986 Dust acoustic DA waves are pressure July 2008; accepted 14 August 2008; published online 23 September 2008 The diffraction of dust acoustic

  5. A Single-Arm Circular Spiral Antenna with Inner/Outer Feed Circuitry for Changing Polarization and Beam Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Flaviis, Franco

    A Single-Arm Circular Spiral Antenna with Inner/Outer Feed Circuitry for Changing Polarization and Computer Engineering University of California, Irvine Irvine, CA, 92697, USA Abstract: A single-arm and LHCP in outer feed at 10GHz, where L is a horizontal arm length. The frequency bandwidth for a 3-d

  6. Compact circularly polarized slot-ring antenna and microstrip bandpass filter using triangular open-loop resonators 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farooqui, Muhammad Fahad

    2007-04-25

    In this thesis two different research topics are undertaken, both in the area of compact RF/microwave circuits design. The first topic involves the design of a compact circularly polarized (CP) slot-ring antenna. A study of several compact CP...

  7. Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackwell, Keith

    Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000 2 · Create a new". #12;Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000

  8. Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackwell, Keith

    Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000 2 · Create a new;Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000 3

  9. A magnetohydrodynamic model of rotating magnetic field current drive in a field-reversed configuration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    -reversed configuration Richard D. Milroy University of Washington, Redmond Plasma Physics Laboratory, Seattle, Washington of a field-reversed configuration FRC . Previous models assumed a fixed ion model, but here a full two of problems: 1 For the sustainment problem, a RMF is applied to a preexisting FRC. 2 For the formation problem

  10. Configuration of Web Services as Parametric Design Annette ten Teije1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ten Teije, Annette

    Configuration of Web Services as Parametric Design Annette ten Teije1 , Frank van Harmelen2. The configuration of Web services is particularly hard given the het- erogeneous, unreliable and open nature of the Web. Furthermore, such compos- ite Web services are likely to be complex services, that will require

  11. PROCESS DESIGN AND CONTROL Comparison of Various Control Configurations for Continuous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    water stream (Fw). The problem described above is actually a quite general control strategy problemPROCESS DESIGN AND CONTROL Comparison of Various Control Configurations for Continuous Bioreactors and Technology, N-7034 Trondheim, Norway Five control configurations for continuous bioreactors are analyzed

  12. Identity and Discernibility of Objects: Configuration Change Management in P.L.M and Database Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Identity and Discernibility of Objects: Configuration Change Management in P.L.M and Database changes specifically addressed by Product Lifecycle Management systems are examined in the context of fast is relatively and conditionally redefined. The strategies for managing configuration changes are optimized using

  13. A Comparison of Two Camera Configurations For Optic-Flow Based Navigation of a UAV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukhatme, Gaurav S.

    optic flow. The two configurations were developed for use on an autonomous helicopter, with the aim an autonomous helicopter. Optic flow information from the images is used to determine the relative distance to obstacles on each side of the helicopter. We show that on average, both camera configurations are equally

  14. AN AUTOMATED TOOL FOR HDL AND CONFIGURATION FILE GENERATION FROM UML SYSTEM DESCRIPTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Mitchell

    An Automated Tool for HDL and Configuration File Generation from UML System Descriptions Advisor: Professor of optimally dividing system functionality between hardware and software. This project uses Unified Modeling#12;AN AUTOMATED TOOL FOR HDL AND CONFIGURATION FILE GENERATION FROM UML SYSTEM DESCRIPTIONS

  15. Fusion Engineering and Design 81 (2006) 11591168 Major integration issues in evolving the configuration design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raffray, A. René

    2006-01-01

    the configuration design space for the ARIES-CS compact stellarator power plant A.R. Raffraya,, S. Malangb, L. El an attractive power plant concept based on a compact stellarator configuration. The first phase of the study and the irregular cross-section of the plasma and in-reactor components. Earlier stellarator power plant studies led

  16. STATIC SECTORIZATION APPROACH TO DYNAMIC AIRSPACE CONFIGURATION USING APPROXIMATE DYNAMIC PROGRAMMING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 STATIC SECTORIZATION APPROACH TO DYNAMIC AIRSPACE CONFIGURATION USING APPROXIMATE DYNAMIC to Dynamic Airspace Configuration (DAC) by static sectorization. The objective of this paper is to address the issue of static sectorization by partitioning airspace based on controller workload i.e. airspace

  17. MANAGING THE CONFIGURATION OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS WITH A FOCUS ON SECURITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MANAGING THE CONFIGURATION OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS WITH A FOCUS ON SECURITY Shirley Radack, Editor U.S. Department of Commerce Organizations have to make frequent changes to their information systems result in adjustments being made to the configuration of information systems; these activities could have

  18. SEAS-ICE Android Instructions_v1-03 1 Configuring ICEMail for Android Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    SEAS-ICE Android Instructions_v1-03 1 Configuring ICEMail for Android Devices Once you to configure your email on your Android device. Note 1: It is Harvard University policy (http the same. Removing your old SEAS account from your Android device Step 1. Go to all your apps and select

  19. The Configuration Space Method for Kinematic Design of Elisha Sacks and Leo Joskowicz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskowicz, Leo

    .2 Tolerance Analysis 100 6.3 Algorithms for Kinematic Pairs 103 6.4 Algorithms for Mechanisms 107 6.5 NotesThe Configuration Space Method for Kinematic Design of Mechanisms Elisha Sacks and Leo Joskowicz­ The configuration space method for kinematic design of mechanisms / Elisha Sacks and Leo Joskowicz. p. cm. Includes

  20. The Effect of Crowder Configuration on Visual Field Inhomogeneities INTRODUCTION RESULTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Michael

    · SE ­ inside / radial · S ­ left / orthogonal · SW ­ below · W ­ right / inside / radial · NW any crowder Configurations at the diagonal target locations (NE, NW, SE, SW) were excluded because) Collected additional corresponding configurations at the diagonals (NE, NW, SE, and SW) Average performance

  1. A field-reversed magnetic configuration and applications of high-temperature FRC plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryzhkov, S. V., E-mail: ryzhkov@power.bmstu.ru [Bauman Moscow State Technical University (Russian Federation)

    2011-12-15

    As applied to a tokomak, a magnetic trap for confinement of a plasma with an inverted field or a magnetic field reversed configuration (FRC) is one of the most promising alternatives of the systems with high {beta}. A brief review of the latest data on FRC and potential directions of using such configurations in addition to energy generation in thermonuclear reactors (TNRs) is proposed.

  2. Los Alamos hybrid environment: an integrated development/configuration management system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cort, G.

    1984-01-01

    I present the details of a hybrid configuration management system that utilizes a commercial configuration management tool (Softool's Change and Configuration Control environment) to monitor and control the development of mission-critical software systems at the Los Alamos Weapons Neutron Research Facility. The hybrid system combines features of the VMS host operating system and elements of the tool environment to integrate a flexible development environment with a very powerful automated configuration management system. The features of this system are presented with particular emphasis on the benefits of the hybrid approach. The complementary nature of the constituent environments is described. Special attention is given the issues of operational tradeoffs, personnel interaction and utilization, management visibility and overall system performance. It is shown that by employing a special interface data structure, the hybrid environment supports a much higher level of automation (of both development and configuration management activities) than is realizable in either environment individually. Examples are provided to illustrate the extent to which development activities and all phases of configuration management can be automated under this system. It is shown that in the process of providing a rigorous configuration management environment, the system remains virtually transparent to software development personnel and actually enhances the programmer's capabilities.

  3. Magnetic configuration dependence of magnetoresistance in a Fe-porphyrin-like carbon nanotube spintronic device

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zeng, Jing; Chen, Ke-Qiu

    2014-01-20

    By using nonequilibrium Green's functions in combination with the density functional theory, we investigate the spin-dependent transport properties in a Fe-porphyrin-like carbon nanotube spintronic device. The results show that magnetoresistance ratio is strongly dependent on the magnetic configuration of the Fe-porphyrin-like carbon nanotube. Under the application of the external magnetic field, the magnetoresistance ratio of the device can be increased from about 19% to about 1020% by tuning the magnetic configuration in the device. Our results confirm that the magnetic configuration is a key factor for obtaining a high-performance spintronic device.

  4. Formation, spin-up, and stability of field-reversed configurations

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Omelchenko, Yuri A.

    2015-08-24

    Formation, spontaneous spin-up and stability of theta-pinch formed field-reversed configurations are studied self-consistently in three dimensions with a multiscale hybrid model that treats all plasma ions as full-orbit collisional macro-particles and the electrons as a massless quasineutral fluid. The end-to-end hybrid simulations for the first time reveal poloidal profiles of implosion-driven fast toroidal plasma rotation and demonstrate three well-known discharge regimes as a function of experimental parameters: the decaying stable configuration, the tilt unstable configuration and the nonlinear evolution of a fast growing tearing mode.

  5. Low cost fuel cell diffusion layer configured for optimized anode water management

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Owejan, Jon P; Nicotera, Paul D; Mench, Matthew M; Evans, Robert E

    2013-08-27

    A fuel cell comprises a cathode gas diffusion layer, a cathode catalyst layer, an anode gas diffusion layer, an anode catalyst layer and an electrolyte. The diffusion resistance of the anode gas diffusion layer when operated with anode fuel is higher than the diffusion resistance of the cathode gas diffusion layer. The anode gas diffusion layer may comprise filler particles having in-plane platelet geometries and be made of lower cost materials and manufacturing processes than currently available commercial carbon fiber substrates. The diffusion resistance difference between the anode gas diffusion layer and the cathode gas diffusion layer may allow for passive water balance control.

  6. Flows of Incompressible Newtonian and Generalized Newtonian Fluids over a Circular Cylinder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Kayla

    2012-05-31

    This thesis presents numerical solutions of the boundary value problems describing the isothermal and non-isothermal steady flows of incompressible Newtonian, power-law and Carreau fluids over a circular cylinder using the hpk-finite element process...g_i...max <= O(10^-6) always ensures that Newton's linear method with line search yields an accurate solution of the system of non-linear algebraic equations resulting from the least squares process. The residual functional values of the order of O (10^-6) or lower ensure that GDEs are satisfied accurately over the entire domain and, thus the numerical solutions presented in this thesis can be viewed as benchmark quality solutions. In cases of generalized Newtonian fluids (power-law and Carreau models) only shear thinning fluids are considered. Numerical studies demonstrate decoupled behavior of the temperature field from the rest of the deformation field. Shear thinning behavior and viscous dissipation for progressively increasing Reynolds numbers are simulated accurately without any difficulty....

  7. System and method for chromatography and electrophoresis using circular optical scanning

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Balch, Joseph W. (Livermore, CA); Brewer, Laurence R. (Oakland, CA); Davidson, James C. (Livermore, CA); Kimbrough, Joseph R. (Pleasanton, CA)

    2001-01-01

    A system and method is disclosed for chromatography and electrophoresis using circular optical scanning. One or more rectangular microchannel plates or radial microchannel plates has a set of analysis channels for insertion of molecular samples. One or more scanning devices repeatedly pass over the analysis channels in one direction at a predetermined rotational velocity and with a predetermined rotational radius. The rotational radius may be dynamically varied so as to monitor the molecular sample at various positions along a analysis channel. Sample loading robots may also be used to input molecular samples into the analysis channels. Radial microchannel plates are built from a substrate whose analysis channels are disposed at a non-parallel angle with respect to each other. A first step in the method accesses either a rectangular or radial microchannel plate, having a set of analysis channels, and second step passes a scanning device repeatedly in one direction over the analysis channels. As a third step, the scanning device is passed over the analysis channels at dynamically varying distances from a centerpoint of the scanning device. As a fourth step, molecular samples are loaded into the analysis channels with a robot.

  8. Superconducting Magnet with the Reduced Barrel Yoke for the Hadron Future Circular Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klyukhin, V I; Berriaud, C; Curé, B; Dudarev, A; Gaddi, A; Gerwig, H; Hervé, A; Mentink, M; Rolando, G; Da Silva, H F Pais; Wagner, U; Kate, H H J ten

    2015-01-01

    The conceptual design study of a hadron Future Circular Collider (FCC-hh) with a center-of-mass energy of the order of 100 TeV in a new tunnel of 80-100 km circumference assumes the determination of the basic requirements for its detectors. A superconducting solenoid magnet of 12 m diameter inner bore with the central magnetic flux density of 6 T is proposed for a FCC-hh experimental setup. The coil of 24.518 m long has seven 3.5 m long modules included into one cryostat. The steel yoke with a mass of 21 kt consists of two barrel layers of 0.5 m radial thickness, and 0.7 m thick nose disk, four 0.6 m thick end-cap disks, and three 0.8 m thick muon toroid disks each side. The outer diameter of the yoke is 17.7 m; the length without the forward muon toroids is 33 m. The air gaps between the end-cap disks provide the installation of the muon chambers up to the pseudorapidity of \\pm 3.5. The conventional forward muon spectrometer provides the measuring of the muon momenta in the pseudorapidity region from \\pm 2.7...

  9. A Circular-ribbon Solar Flare Following an Asymmetric Filament Eruption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Chang; Liu, Rui; Lee, Jeongwoo; Pariat, Etienne; Wiegelmann, Thomas; Liu, Yang; Kleint, Lucia; Wang, Haimin

    2015-01-01

    The dynamic properties of flare ribbons and the often associated filament eruptions can provide crucial information on the flaring coronal magnetic field. This Letter analyzes the GOES-class X1.0 flare on 2014 March 29 (SOL2014-03-29T17:48), in which we found an asymmetric eruption of a sigmoidal filament and an ensuing circular flare ribbon. Initially both EUV images and a preflare nonlinear force-free field model show that the filament is embedded in magnetic fields with a fan-spine-like structure. In the first phase, which is defined by a weak but still increasing X-ray emission, the western portion of the sigmoidal filament arches upward and then remains quasi-static for about five minutes. The western fan-like and the outer spine-like fields display an ascending motion, and several associated ribbons begin to brighten. Also found is a bright EUV flow that streams down along the eastern fan-like field. In the second phase that includes the main peak of hard X-ray (HXR) emission, the filament erupts, leavi...

  10. Circularly Polarized Luminescence in Enantiopure Europium and Terbium Complexes with Modular, All-Oxygen Donor Ligands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seitz, Michael; Do, King; Ingram, Andrew; Moore, Evan; Muller, Gilles; Raymond, Kenneth

    2009-06-04

    The modular syntheses of three new octadentate, enantiopure ligands are reported, one with the bidentate chelating unit 2-hydroxyisophthalamide (IAM) and two with bidentate 1-hydroxy-2-pyridinone (1,2-HOPO) units. A new design principle is introduced for the chiral, non-racemic hexamines which constitute the central backbones for the presented class of ligands. The terbium(III) complex of the IAM ligand, as well as the europium(III) complexes of the 1,2-HOPO ligands, are synthesized and characterized by various techniques (NMR, UV, CD, luminescence spectroscopy). All species exhibit excellent stability and moderate to high luminescence efficiency (quantum yields {phi}{sub Eu} = 0.05-0.08 and {phi}{sub Tb} = 0.30-0.57) in aqueous solution at physiological pH. Special focus is put onto the properties of the complexes in regard to circularly polarized luminescence (CPL). The maximum luminescence dissymmetry factors (glum) in aqueous solution are high with |glum|max = 0.08-0.40. Together with the very favorable general properties (good stability, high quantum yields, long lifetimes), the presented lanthanide complexes can be considered as good candidates for analytical probes based on CPL in biologically relevant environments.

  11. Cylindrical acoustic levitator/concentrator having non-circular cross-section

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kaduchak, Gregory; Sinha, Dipen N.

    2003-11-11

    A low-power, inexpensive acoustic apparatus for levitation and/or concentration of aerosols and small liquid/solid samples having particulates up to several millimeters in diameter in air or other fluids is described. It is constructed from a commercially available, hollow piezoelectric crystal which has been formed with a cylindrical cross-section to tune the resonance frequency of the breathing mode resonance of the crystal to that of the interior cavity of the cylinder. When the resonance frequency of the interior cylindrical cavity is matched to the breathing mode resonance of the cylindrical piezoelectric transducer, the acoustic efficiency for establishing a standing wave pattern in the cavity is high. By deforming the circular cross-section of the transducer, the acoustic force is concentrated along axial regions parallel to the axis of the transducer. The cylinder does not require accurate alignment of a resonant cavity. The concentrated regions of acoustic force cause particles in the fluid to concentrate within the regions of acoustic force for separation from the fluid.

  12. Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackwell, Keith

    Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000: (617) 432-2000 2 · Select "Entourage information from an archive Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000 3 · Select

  13. Venture Capitalists' Decision to Withdraw: The Role of Portfolio Configuration From a Real Options Lens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yong; Chi, Tailan

    2012-01-01

    When does a venture capital firm withdraw from an investment project prior to its completion? This study offers a real options view on this decision by examining the contingent effects of portfolio configuration. We explore ...

  14. NPIP: A skew line needle configuration optimization system for HDR brachytherapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Ken

    NPIP: A skew line needle configuration optimization system for HDR brachytherapy Timmy Siauwa) brachytherapy and needle planning by integer program (NPIP), a computational method for generat- ing needles than the current HDR brachytherapy workflow. Combined with robot assisted brachytherapy

  15. Rapid Conversion of Hindered Arylsulfonates to Alkyl Chlorides with Retention of Configuration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepore, Salvatore D.

    Rapid Conversion of Hindered Arylsulfonates to Alkyl Chlorides with Retention of Configuration of highly efficient leaving groups containing chelating units capable of attracting incoming nucleophiles assisting leaving groups (NALGs) that contain a polyether unit (including macrocyclic) attached to the aryl

  16. A co-axially configured submillimeter spectrometer and investigations of hydrogen bound molecular complexes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McElmurry, Blake Anthony

    2009-05-15

    The development of a co-axially configured submillimeter spectrometer is reported. The spectrometer has been constructed to observe molecular complexes that exhibit non-covalent interactions with energies much less than ...

  17. Atomistic characterization of stress-driven configurational instability and its activation mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Ting, 1971-

    2004-01-01

    Cleavage decohesion and shear dislocation nucleation are two basic modes of localized deformation in crystal lattices, which normally result from instability of the atomic configuration driven by mechanical forces. The ...

  18. Configurable Dynamic Privacy for Pervasive Sensor Networks Nan-Wei Gong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Configurable Dynamic Privacy for Pervasive Sensor Networks by Nan-Wei Gong Submitted Privacy for Pervasive Sensor Networks by Nan-Wei Gong Submitted to the Program in Media Arts and Sciences

  19. Design of a cluster analysis heuristic for the configuration and capacity management of manufacturing cells 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shim, Young Hak

    2007-09-17

    , the machine capacity was first ensured, and then manufacturing cells were configured to minimize intercellular movements. In order to ensure the machine capacity, the duplication of machines and the split of operations are allowed and operations are assigned...

  20. Saltwell PIC Skid Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) Software Configuration Management Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KOCH, M.R.

    1999-11-16

    This document provides the procedures and guidelines necessary for computer software configuration management activities during the operation and maintenance phases of the Saltwell PIC Skids as required by LMH-PRO-309, Rev. 0, Computer Software Quality Assurance, Section 2.6, Software Configuration Management. The software configuration management plan (SCMP) integrates technical and administrative controls to establish and maintain technical consistency among requirements, physical configuration, and documentation for the Saltwell PIC Skid Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) software during the Hanford application, operations and maintenance. This SCMP establishes the Saltwell PIC Skid PLC Software Baseline, status changes to that baseline, and ensures that software meets design and operational requirements and is tested in accordance with their design basis.

  1. Saltwell Leak Detector Station Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WHITE, K.A.

    2000-11-28

    This document provides the procedures and guidelines necessary for computer software configuration management activities during the operation and maintenance phases of the Saltwell Leak Detector Stations as required by HNF-PRO-309, Rev. 1, Computer Software Quality Assurance, Section 2.4, Software Configuration Management. The software configuration management plan (SCMP) integrates technical and administrative controls to establish and maintain technical consistency among requirements, physical configuration, and documentation for the Saltwell Leak Detector Station Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) software during the Hanford application, operations and maintenance. This SCMP establishes the Saltwell Leak Detector Station PLC Software Baseline, status changes to that baseline, and ensures that software meets design and operational requirements and is tested in accordance with their design basis.

  2. Permissible symmetries of multi-domain configurations in perovskite ferroelectric crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Wenwu

    Permissible symmetries of multi-domain configurations in perovskite ferroelectric crystals Jiri through domain engineering are specified for perovskite ferroelectric crystals having tetragonal walls . Many useful ferroelectric materials have the so-called perovskite structure, which contains

  3. ITL BULLETIN FOR MAY 2011 USING SECURITY CONFIGURATION CHECKLISTS AND THE NATIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ITL BULLETIN FOR MAY 2011 USING SECURITY CONFIGURATION CHECKLISTS AND THE NATIONAL CHECKLIST PROGRAM Shirley Radack, Editor Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology U.S. Department of Commerce The secure management of information

  4. A configuration and analysis for damping oscillations in flexible robotic arms using passive elements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Compere, Marc Damon

    1996-01-01

    A hardware configuration that reduces excessive oscillation in flexible robotic arms is presented and analyzed. An experimental apparatus was constructed and proved to effectively damp unwanted oscillations using passive components. Equations...

  5. Estimation of maximum-likelihood discrete-choice models of the runway configuration selection process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramanujam, Varun

    The runway configuration is the subset of the runways at an airport that are used for arrivals and departures at any time. Many factors, including weather (wind and visibility), expected arrival and departure demand, ...

  6. Steady-state and equilibrium vortex configurations, transitions, and evolution in a mesoscopic superconducting cylinder 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, S.; Hu, Chia-Ren; Andrews, MJ.

    2004-01-01

    A numerical scheme to study the mixed states in a mesoscopic type-II superconducting cylinder is described. Steady-state configurations and transient behavior of the magnetic vortices for various values of the applied magnetic field H are presented...

  7. SYMMETRY SIMPLIFICATIONS OF SPACE TYPES IN CONFIGURATION INTERACTION INDUCED BY ORBITAL DEGENERACY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasubramanian, K.

    2013-01-01

    of Lowdi.n orbitals of Butadiene. Note that the ninth classLowdin orbitals of butadiene shown below are equivalent. -the two configurations of butadiene shown below, which are

  8. Effects of sample geometry on the dynamics and configurations of vortices in mesoscopic superconductors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sangbum; Burkardt, John; Gunzburger, Max; Peterson, Janet.

    2007-01-01

    A computational study of mixed states in mesoscopic type-II superconducting cylinders is presented. The dependence of transient behaviors and steady-state configurations on the value of the applied magnetic field is examined as are the effects...

  9. Convective heat transfer in the laminar-turbulent transition region with molten salt in a circular tube

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu-ting, Wu; Bin, Liu; Chong-fang, Ma; Hang, Guo [Key Laboratory of Enhanced Heat Transfer and Energy Conservation, Ministry of Education and Key Laboratory of Heat Transfer and Energy Conversion, Beijing municipality, College of Environmental and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100022 (China)

    2009-10-15

    In order to understand the heat transfer characteristics of molten salt and testify the validity of the well-known empirical convective heat transfer correlations, experimental study on transition convective heat transfer with molten salt in a circular tube was conducted. Molten salt circulations were realized and operated in a specially designed system over 1000 h. The average forced convective heat transfer coefficients of molten salt were determined by least-squares method based on the measured data of flow rates and temperatures. Finally, a heat transfer correlation of transition flow with molten salt in a circular tube was obtained and good agreement was observed between the experimental data of molten salt and the well-known correlations presented by Hausen and Gnielinski, respectively. (author)

  10. Performance monitoring for new phase dynamic optimization of instruction dispatch cluster configuration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Balasubramonian, Rajeev (Sandy, UT); Dwarkadas, Sandhya (Rochester, NY); Albonesi, David (Ithaca, NY)

    2012-01-24

    In a processor having multiple clusters which operate in parallel, the number of clusters in use can be varied dynamically. At the start of each program phase, the configuration option for an interval is run to determine the optimal configuration, which is used until the next phase change is detected. The optimum instruction interval is determined by starting with a minimum interval and doubling it until a low stability factor is reached.

  11. Continuous Transition of Defect Configuration in a Deformed Liquid Crystal Film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isaku Hasegawa; Hiroyuki Shima

    2010-10-06

    We investigate energetically favorable configurations of point disclinations in nematic films having a bump geometry. Gradual expansion in the bump width {\\Delta} gives rise to a sudden shift in the stable position of the disclinations from the top to the skirt of the bump. The positional shift observed across a threshold {\\Delta}th obeys a power law function of |{\\Delta}-{\\Delta}th|, indicating a new class of continuous phase transition that governs the defect configuration in curved nematic films.

  12. Alternative measurements of the fermion g-factor in the field of a traveling circularly polarized electromagnetic wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. V. Gisin

    2015-08-20

    The field of a traveling circularly polarized electromagnetic wave and a constant magnetic field localizes fermions perpendicularly to propagation of the wave in the cross section of the order of the wavelength. Unusual exact solutions of the Dirac equation correspond to this localization. Except to routine use of thin fermion beams it can be suitable for alternative measurements of the g - factor. Details and peculiarities of the solutions in application to the measurements are considered in the paper.

  13. MS Outlook 2010 Secure IMAP Configuration Settings for Windows-based PCs rriyo: 09/01/2011 Page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yi

    MS Outlook 2010 Secure IMAP Configuration Settings for Windows-based PCs rriyo: 09/01/2011 Page 1 · This document was tested using MS Outlook 2010 using Windows 7 SP1 64-bit. Configuration settings may vary with other versions of Outlook and the Windows operating system. · When configuring your account settings

  14. STUDY OF SINGLE-LOBED CIRCULAR POLARIZATION PROFILES IN THE QUIET SUN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sainz Dalda, A.; Martinez-Sykora, J.; Title, A.; Bellot Rubio, L. E-mail: asainz@lmsal.com

    2012-03-20

    The existence of asymmetries in the circular polarization (Stokes V) profiles emerging from the solar photosphere has been known since the 1970s. These profiles require the presence of a velocity gradient along the line of sight (LOS), possibly associated with gradients of magnetic field strength, inclination, and/or azimuth. We have focused our study on the Stokes V profiles showing extreme asymmetry in the form of only one lobe. Using Hinode spectropolarimetric measurements, we have performed a statistical study of the properties of these profiles in the quiet Sun. We show their spatial distribution, their main physical properties, how they are related with several physical observables, and their behavior with respect to their position on the solar disk. The single-lobed Stokes V profiles occupy roughly 2% of the solar surface. For the first time, we have observed their temporal evolution and have retrieved the physical conditions of the atmospheres from which they emerged using an inversion code implementing discontinuities of the atmospheric parameters along the LOS. In addition, we use synthetic Stokes profiles from three-dimensional magnetoconvection simulations to complement the results of the inversion. The main features of the synthetic single-lobed profiles are in general agreement with the observed ones, lending support to the magnetic and dynamic topologies inferred from the inversion. The combination of all these different analyses suggests that most of the single-lobed Stokes V profiles are signals coming from the magnetic flux emergence and/or submergence processes taking place in small patches in the photosphere of the quiet Sun.

  15. Post-Newtonian, Quasi-Circular Binary Inspirals in Quadratic Modified Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent Yagi; Leo C. Stein; Nicolas Yunes; Takahiro Tanaka

    2012-04-16

    We consider a general class of quantum gravity-inspired, modified gravity theories, where the Einstein-Hilbert action is extended through the addition of all terms quadratic in the curvature tensor coupled to scalar fields with standard kinetic energy. This class of theories includes Einstein-Dilaton-Gauss-Bonnet and Chern-Simons modified gravity as special cases. We analytically derive and solve the coupled field equations in the post-Newtonian approximation, assuming a comparable-mass, spinning black hole binary source in a quasi-circular, weak-field/slow-motion orbit. We find that a naive subtraction of divergent piece associated with the point-particle approximation is ill-suited to represent compact objects in these theories. Instead, we model them by appropriate effective sources built so that known strong-field solutions are reproduced in the far-field limit. In doing so, we prove that black holes in Einstein-Dilaton-Gauss-Bonnet and Chern-Simons theory can have hair, while neutron stars have no scalar monopole charge, in diametrical opposition to results in scalar-tensor theories. We then employ techniques similar to the direct integration of the relaxed Einstein equations to obtain analytic expressions for the scalar field, metric perturbation, and the associated gravitational wave luminosity measured at infinity. We find that scalar field emission mainly dominates the energy flux budget, sourcing electric-type (even-parity) dipole scalar radiation and magnetic-type (odd-parity) quadrupole scalar radiation, correcting the General Relativistic prediction at relative -1PN and 2PN orders. Such modifications lead to corrections in the emitted gravitational waves that can be mapped to the parameterized post-Einsteinian framework. Such modifications could be strongly constrained with gravitational wave observations.

  16. Impingement heat transfer within arrays of circular jets including the effect of crossflow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matsumoto, Ryosuke; Ishihara, Isao; Yabe, Toshiaki; Ikeda, Keita; Kikkawa, Shinzo; Senda, Mamoru

    1999-07-01

    The purpose of this work is to investigate the heat transfer and the flow characteristics for the arrays of impingement jets taking into consideration the effect of the crossflow. In this experiment, two types of the crossflow schemes, referred to as the minimum crossflow and the maximum crossflow by the Obot et al. (1987), were examined. In the case of the maximum crossflow, the exhaust air was restricted by the side wall to leave through one side of the jet array. In the case of the minimum crossflow, the side wall was removed, and the exhaust air flowed away through all four edges of the jet array. To examine the flow pattern of the exhaust air, the flow visualization by the smoke flow was carried out. The air after impinging to the target surface was entrained into the downstream adjacent jet. The exhaust air was discharged to the outside of array through two ways: One was that the air was discharged to outside by entraining into the downstream adjacent jet. The other was that the exhaust air was discharged along the endwall surface on the mid-span of adjacent jets. The thermosensitive liquid crystal sheet was applied to measure the temperature distributions and to obtain the local heat transfer coefficients on the impingement surface. The local Nusselt number distribution for the maximum crossflow was hardly decreased in the downstream rows, although the velocity of the exhaust air increased. In the downstream row, however, the distribution of the local Nusselt number is non-circular shape because of the exhaust air. The averaged Nusselt number for the maximum crossflow was slightly lower than that in the case of minimum crossflow.

  17. In-plane failure of brickwork 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samarasinghe, W.

    1980-01-01

    This thesis presents the results of an experimental investigation into the strength of brickwork under biaxial tension-compression. Since there is insufficient experimental evidence available on the strength of brickwork ...

  18. Influence of composition and substrate miscut on the evolution of (105)-terminated in-plane Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x} quantum wires on Si(001)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watzinger, H.; Glaser, M.; Zhang, J. J.; Daruka, I.; Schäffler, F., E-mail: friedrich.schaffler@jku.at [Semiconductor Physics Division, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Altenberger Str. 69, 4040 Linz (Austria)

    2014-07-01

    Isolated in-plane wires on Si(001) are promising nanostructures for quantum transport applications. They can be fabricated in a catalyst-free process by thermal annealing of self-organized Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x} hut clusters. Here, we report on the influence of composition and small substrate miscuts on the unilateral wire growth during annealing at 570?°C. The addition of up to 20% of Si mainly affects the growth kinetics in the presence of energetically favorable sinks for diffusing Ge atoms, but does not significantly change the wire base width. For the investigated substrate miscuts of <0.12°, we find geometry-induced wire tapering, but no strong influence on the wire lengths. Miscuts <0.02° lead to almost perfect quantum wires terminated by virtually step-free (105) and (001) facets over lengths of several 100 nm. Generally, the investigated Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x} wires are metastable: Annealing at ?600?°C under otherwise identical conditions leads to the well-known coexistence of Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x} pyramids and domes.

  19. 3D magnetic field configuration of small-scale reconnection events in the solar plasma atmosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shimizu, T

    2015-01-01

    The outer solar atmosphere, i.e., the corona and the chromosphere, is replete with small energy-release events, which are accompanied by transient brightening and jet-like ejections. These events are considered to be magnetic reconnection events in the solar plasma, and their dynamics have been studied using recent advanced observations from the Hinode spacecraft and other observatories in space and on the ground. These events occur at different locations in the solar atmosphere, and vary in their morphology and amount of the released energy. The magnetic field configurations of these reconnection events are inferred based on observations of magnetic fields at the photospheric level. Observations suggest that these magnetic configurations can be classified into two groups. In the first group, two anti-parallel magnetic fields reconnect to each other, yielding a 2D emerging flux configuration. In the second group, helical or twisted magnetic flux tubes are parallel or at a relative angle to each other. Reconne...

  20. Laser systems configured to output a spectrally-consolidated laser beam and related methods

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Koplow, Jeffrey P. (San Ramon, CA)

    2012-01-10

    A laser apparatus includes a plurality of pumps each of which is configured to emit a corresponding pump laser beam having a unique peak wavelength. The laser apparatus includes a spectral beam combiner configured to combine the corresponding pump laser beams into a substantially spatially-coherent pump laser beam having a pump spectrum that includes the unique peak wavelengths, and first and second selectively reflective elements spaced from each other to define a lasing cavity including a lasing medium therein. The lasing medium generates a plurality of gain spectra responsive to absorbing the pump laser beam. Each gain spectrum corresponds to a respective one of the unique peak wavelengths of the substantially spatially-coherent pump laser beam and partially overlaps with all other ones of the gain spectra. The reflective elements are configured to promote emission of a laser beam from the lasing medium with a peak wavelength common to each gain spectrum.

  1. E?H mode transition density and power in two types of inductively coupled plasma configuration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Jian; Du, Yin-chang; Zhang, Xiao; Zheng, Zhe; Liu, Yu; Xu, Liang; Wang, Pi; Cao, Jin-xiang, E-mail: jxcao@ustc.edu.cn [Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)

    2014-07-15

    E???H transition power and density were investigated at various argon pressures in inductively coupled plasma (ICP) in a cylindrical interlaid chamber. The transition power versus the pressure shows a minimum transition power at 4?Pa (?/?=1) for argon. Then the transition density hardly changes at low pressures (?/??1), but it increases clearly when argon pressure exceeds an appropriate value. In addition, both the transition power and transition density are lower in the re-entrant configuration of ICP compared with that in the cylindrical configuration of ICP. The result may be caused from the decrease of stochastic heating in the re-entrant configuration of ICP. This work is useful to understand E???H mode transition and control the transition points in real plasma processes.

  2. Configurational Entropy in Brane-world Models: A New Approach to Stability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. A. C. Correa; Roldao da Rocha

    2015-02-10

    In this work we investigate the entropic information on thick brane-worlds scenarios and its consequences. The brane-world entropic information is studied for the sine-Gordon model is and hence the brane-world entropic information measure is shown an accurate way for providing the most suitable values for the bulk AdS curvature. Besides, the brane-world configurational entropy is employed to demonstrate a high organisational degree in the structure of the system configuration, for large values of a parameter of the sine-Gordon model but the one related to the AdS curvature. The Gleiser and Stamatopoulos procedure is finally applied in order to achieve a precise correlation between the energy of the system and the brane-world configurational entropy.

  3. Configurational Entropy in Brane-world Models: A New Approach to Stability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Correa, R A C

    2015-01-01

    In this work we investigate the entropic information on thick brane-worlds scenarios and its consequences. The brane-world entropic information is studied for the sine-Gordon model is and hence the brane-world entropic information measure is shown an accurate way for providing the most suitable values for the bulk AdS curvature. Besides, the brane-world configurational entropy is employed to demonstrate a high organisational degree in the structure of the system configuration, for large values of a parameter of the sine-Gordon model but the one related to the AdS curvature. The Gleiser and Stamatopoulos procedure is finally applied in order to achieve a precise correlation between the energy of the system and the brane-world configurational entropy.

  4. Inductrack configuration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Post, Richard Freeman (Walnut Creek, CA)

    2006-08-29

    A simple permanent-magnet-excited maglev geometry provides levitation forces and is stable against vertical displacements from equilibrium but is unstable against horizontal displacements. An Inductrack system is then used in conjunction with this system to effect stabilization against horizontal displacements and to provide centering forces to overcome centrifugal forces when the vehicle is traversing curved sections of a track or when any other transient horizontal force is present. In some proposed embodiments, the Inductrack track elements are also employed as the stator of a linear induction-motor drive and braking system.

  5. Inductrack configuration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Post, Richard Freeman

    2003-10-07

    A simple permanent-magnet-excited maglev geometry provides levitation forces and is stable against vertical displacements from equilibrium but is unstable against horizontal displacements. An Inductrack system is then used in conjunction with this system to effect stabilization against horizontal displacements and to provide centering forces to overcome centrifugal forces when the vehicle is traversing curved sections of a track or when any other transient horizontal force is present. In some proposed embodiments, the Inductrack track elements are also employed as the stator of a linear induction-motor drive and braking system.

  6. Configurations The

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of thermal performance, leading to development of module-level temperature coefficients. Industry Outreach and Standards Utilizing more than 20 years of technical expertise to...

  7. Franklin Configuration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFES OctoberEvanServicesAmesFour Los Alamos projectsJohn

  8. System Configuration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With LivermoreSustainable Landmimic key features of natural pores

  9. Hardware Configuration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunitiesNERSCGrid-based29Hai

  10. Foil cycling technique for the VESUVIO spectrometer operating in the resonance detector configuration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schooneveld, E. M.; Mayers, J.; Rhodes, N. J.; Pietropaolo, A.; Andreani, C.; Senesi, R.; Gorini, G.; Perelli-Cippo, E.; Tardocchi, M.

    2006-09-15

    This article reports a novel experimental technique, namely, the foil cycling technique, developed on the VESUVIO spectrometer (ISIS spallation source) operating in the resonance detector configuration. It is shown that with a proper use of two foils of the same neutron absorbing material it is possible, in a double energy analysis process, to narrow the width of the instrumental resolution of a spectrometer operating in the resonance detector configuration and to achieve an effective subtraction of the neutron and gamma backgrounds. Preliminary experimental results, obtained from deep inelastic neutron scattering measurements on lead, zirconium hydride, and deuterium chloride samples, are presented.

  11. Operational concepts and implementation strategies for the design configuration management process.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trauth, Sharon Lee

    2007-05-01

    This report describes operational concepts and implementation strategies for the Design Configuration Management Process (DCMP). It presents a process-based systems engineering model for the successful configuration management of the products generated during the operation of the design organization as a business entity. The DCMP model focuses on Pro/E and associated activities and information. It can serve as the framework for interconnecting all essential aspects of the product design business. A design operation scenario offers a sense of how to do business at a time when DCMP is second nature within the design organization.

  12. Atomic moments in Mn2CoAl thin films analyzed by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jamer, M. E.; Assaf, B. A.; Sterbinsky, G. E.; Arena, D. A.; Heiman, D.

    2014-12-05

    Spin gapless semiconductors are known to be strongly affected by structural disorder when grown epitaxially as thin films. The magnetic properties of Mn2CoAl thin films grown on GaAs (001) substrates are investigated here as a function of annealing. This study investigates the atomic-specific magnetic moments of Mn and Co atoms measured through X-ray magnetic circular dichroism as a function of annealing and the consequent structural ordering. Results indicate that the structural distortion mainly affects the Mn atoms as seen by the reduction of the magnetic moment from its predicted value.

  13. Atomic moments in Mn2CoAl thin films analyzed by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jamer, M. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics; Sterbinsky, G. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Photon Sciences Directorate; Assaf, B. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics; Arena, D. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Photon Sciences Directorate; Heiman, D. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics

    2014-12-07

    Spin gapless semiconductors are known to be strongly affected by structural disorder when grown epitaxially as thin films. The magnetic properties of Mn2CoAl thin films grown on GaAs (001) substrates are investigated here as a function of annealing. This study investigates the atomic-specific magnetic moments of Mn and Co atoms measured through X-ray magnetic circular dichroism as a function of annealing and the consequent structural ordering. The results indicate that the structural distortion mainly affects the Mn atoms as seen by the reduction of the magnetic moment from its predicted value. (auth)

  14. An Observation of a Circular Motion using Ordinary Appliances: Train Toy, Digital Camera, and Android based Smartphone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viridi, Sparisoma; Nasri, Meldawati

    2013-01-01

    Using a digital camera (Sony DSC-S75) in its video mode and a smartphone (Samsung GT-N700) equipped with an acceleration sensor, observation of a uniform circular motion of a toy train (Thomas & Friends, Player World, CCF No. 2277-13) is conducted. From the first observation average centripetal acceleration about 0.154 m/s2 is obtained, while the second gives 0.350 m/s2 of average centripetal acceleration by assuming ideal condition, where measured accelerations in z direction is not interpreted.

  15. A Coupled Aero-Structural Optimization Method For Complete Aircraft Configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    A Coupled Aero-Structural Optimization Method For Complete Aircraft Configurations James J. Reuther optimization of aero-structural systems. The framework permits the use of high-fidelity modeling of both de- scription, the information exchange between aero- dynamics and structures is accomplished through

  16. Sensor Configuration Selection for Discrete-Event Systems under Unreliable Observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wen-Chiao Lin; Tae-Sic Yoo; Humberto E. Garcia

    2010-08-01

    Algorithms for counting the occurrences of special events in the framework of partially-observed discrete event dynamical systems (DEDS) were developed in previous work. Their performances typically become better as the sensors providing the observations become more costly or increase in number. This paper addresses the problem of finding a sensor configuration that achieves an optimal balance between cost and the performance of the special event counting algorithm, while satisfying given observability requirements and constraints. Since this problem is generally computational hard in the framework considered, a sensor optimization algorithm is developed using two greedy heuristics, one myopic and the other based on projected performances of candidate sensors. The two heuristics are sequentially executed in order to find best sensor configurations. The developed algorithm is then applied to a sensor optimization problem for a multiunit- operation system. Results show that improved sensor configurations can be found that may significantly reduce the sensor configuration cost but still yield acceptable performance for counting the occurrences of special events.

  17. Optimizing the Configuration and Control of a Novel Human-Powered Energy Harvesting System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potkonjak, Miodrag

    . For example, a hydraulic-amplified piezo-electric based foot-strike energy harvesting system was proposedOptimizing the Configuration and Control of a Novel Human-Powered Energy Harvesting System Vishwa and energy efficient design, sampling, processing and communication techniques emerge to counter these issues

  18. Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackwell, Keith

    Configure Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000 HMS Help Desk: (617) 432-2000 2 · Click on the icon to the left Help Desk: (617) 432-2000 3 · Enter the following fields: o E

  19. Scalable network-on-chip architecture for configurable neural networks Dmitri Vainbrand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginosar, Ran

    implementation Interconnect architecture a b s t r a c t Providing highly flexible connectivity is a major. The high level architectural framework for this research is a multiprocessing chip (CMP) comprising a largeScalable network-on-chip architecture for configurable neural networks Dmitri Vainbrand , Ran

  20. Simulations of the Electron Cloud Builld Up and Instabilities for Various ILC Damping Ring Configurations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pivi, Mauro; Raubenheimer, Tor O.; Wang, Lanfa; Ohmi, Kazuhito; Wanzenberg, Rainer; Wolski, Andrzej; /Liverpool U. /Cockcroft Inst. Accel. Sci. Tech.

    2007-03-12

    In the beam pipe of the positron damping ring of the International Linear Collider (ILC), an electron cloud may be first produced by photoelectrons and ionization of residual gases and then increased by the secondary emission process. This paper reports the assessment of electron cloud effects in a number of configuration options for the ILC baseline configuration. Careful estimates were made of the secondary electron yield (sometimes in the literature also referred as secondary emission yield SEY or {delta}, with a peak value {delta}{sub max}) threshold for electron cloud build-up, and the related single- and coupled-bunch instabilities, as a function of beam current and surface properties for a variety of optics designs. When the configuration for the ILC damping rings was chosen at the end of 2005, the results from these studies were important considerations. On the basis of the joint theoretical and experimental work, the baseline configuration currently specifies a pair of 6 km damping rings for the positron beam, to mitigate the effects of the electron cloud that could present difficulties in a single 6 km ring. However, since mitigation techniques are now estimated to be sufficiently mature, a reduced single 6-km circumference is presently under consideration so as to reduce costs.

  1. Optimal Battery Configuration in a Residential Home with Time-of-Use Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simunic, Tajana

    Optimal Battery Configuration in a Residential Home with Time-of-Use Pricing Baris Aksanli, USA {baksanli, tajana}@ucsd.edu Abstract--Residential energy consumption shows significant diurnal. INTRODUCTION AND RELATED WORK Residential energy consumption constitutes 38% of the total energy consumption

  2. Escape configuration lattice near the nematic-isotropic transition: Tilt analogue of blue phases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buddhapriya Chakrabarti; Yashodhan Hatwalne; N. V. Madhusudana

    2006-04-28

    We predict the possible existence of a new phase of liquid crystals near the nematic-isotropic ($ NI $) transition. This phase is an achiral, tilt-analogue of the blue phase and is composed of a lattice of {\\em double-tilt}, escape-configuration cylinders. We discuss the structure and the stability of this phase and provide an estimate of the lattice parameter.

  3. Investigating the Applicability of Architecture Description in Configuration Management and Software Deployment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Alexander L.

    potentially be used as an organizing abstraction for many of the activities in the software life cycleInvestigating the Applicability of Architecture Description in Configuration Management architecture has traditionally been concerned with high­level design. In particular, a variety of architecture

  4. TIPSTER Text Phase II Configuration Management Plan Version1.2p 3June1996

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Application LifeCycle The TIPSTER CM process imposes two control gates, PDR and FOC, on the TIPSTERTIPSTER Text Phase II Configuration Management Plan Version1.2p 3June1996 Architecture Committee Management (CM) Plan for identifying, controlling, and auditing the TIPSTER Architecture status

  5. Investigating the Applicability of Architecture Description in Configuration Management and Software Deployment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Hoek, André

    potentially be used as an organizing abstraction for many of the activities in the software life cycleInvestigating the Applicability of Architecture Description in Configuration Management architecture has traditionally been concerned with high-level design. In particular, a variety of architecture

  6. Study of Equilibrium Operation by Rotating Magnetic Field Current Drive in Field-Reversed Configuration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    penetrated into an FRC plasma is analytically given by [3] (1) (2) ( ) ( ) ( ) -= - ti r e kaiI kri (RMF) applied for the sake of maintaining Field Reversed Configuration (FRC) in steady state. The simple analytical model such as infinite-long plasma, rigidly rotating ions and electrons and uniform

  7. Maintaining the closed magnetic-field-line topology of a field-reversed configuration (FRC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    not significantly change the FRC's closed field structure. The FRC is an example of a self-organized plasma wherein field-line closure analysis. The study of field-line closure for FRC-like plasmas with transverse1 Maintaining the closed magnetic-field-line topology of a field-reversed configuration (FRC

  8. Gyrokinetic Particle Simulation of a Field Reversed Configuration D. P. Fulton,1, a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhihong

    - erties favorable for fusion reactors. The FRC represents a high plasma with surprisingly good of the field-reversed configuration (FRC) has been developed using the gyrokinetic toroidal code (GTC). The magnetohydrodynamic equilibrium is mapped from cylindrical coordinates to Boozer coordinates for the FRC core

  9. Studies of Global Stability of FieldReversed Configuration Plasmas Using A Rigid Body Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­reversed configuration (FRC) plasmas has been stud­ ied using a simple rigid body model in the parameter space (oblate), while the tilt stability of FRC's with large E (prolate) depends on s=E. It is found that plasma to be unstable to many global magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) modes. However, FRC plasmas formed in `­pinch devices

  10. A numerical study of rotating magnetic fields as a current drive for field reversed configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    , confinement, and sustainment TCS 5 experiment, an RMF will be applied to an existing FRC. The plasma Richard D. Milroy University of Washington, Redmond Plasma Physics Laboratory, Seattle, Washington 98195 of a Rotating Magnetic Field RMF as a current drive mechanism in a Field Reversed Configuration FRC . This model

  11. Sustainment of elongated field reversed configurations with localized rotating magnetic field current drive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    this by increasing its penetration into the FRC, brought about automatically by a slight decrease in plasma density current drive H. Y. Guo and A. L. Hoffman Redmond Plasma Physics Laboratory, University of Washington magnetic field RMF antenna length on the sustainment of RMF driven field reversed configurations FRC have

  12. THICK LIQUID-WALLED, FIELD-REVERSED CONFIGURATION* R. W. Moira

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    first wall. Although expected to be unstable to ideal MHD modes, experimental FRC plasmas have proved20--a liquid metal) protects the structural walls of the field-reversed configuration (FRC) so in an acceptable impurity level in the core plasma. The shielding of the core by the edge plasma is modeled

  13. Flux Generation and Sustainment of a Field Reversed Configuration (FRC) with Rotating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    component: ur = -/B2 ·dpe/dr plasma diffuses radially outward With RMF: component: j = urBz - FRC cylinder: More accurately for FRC: #12;Screening of RMF Field by Plasma · Axial currents inside FRC limitFlux Generation and Sustainment of a Field Reversed Configuration (FRC) with Rotating Magnetic

  14. Studies of global stability of field-reversed configuration plasmas using a rigid body model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ji, Hantao

    stability of field-reversed configuration FRC plasmas has been studied using a simple rigid body model to be unstable to many global magnetohydrody- namic MHD modes. However, FRC plasmas formed in - pinch devices of motion for each global mode is formulated and analyzed using a rigid body model of the FRC plasma

  15. Penetration of a transverse magnetic field by an accelerated field-reversed configuration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    . Slough and A. L. Hoffman Redmond Plasma Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98102 Received 23 June 1998; accepted 14 October 1998 The field-reversed configuration FRC is a compact. The study of the acceleration and penetration physics of the FRC into a transverse magnetic field gradient

  16. Tilt mode stability scaling in field-reversed configurations with finite Larmor radius effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    University, Ikarashi, Niigata 950-2181, Japan Loren C. Steinhauer University of Washington, Redmond Plasma stability of a static plasma with finite-Larmor-radius FLR effects depends on a combination of the FLR-reversed configuration FRC previous computations of these two factors led to a prediction of stability for S * (3 5)E

  17. Physics Overview of Rotating Magnetic Field Current Drive for a Field-Reversed Configuration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    Richard D. Milroy Redmond Plasma Physics Laboratory, University of Washington Introduction A Rotating Magnetic Field (RMF) can be used to drive the current in a Field-Reversed Configuration (FRC). This method can be used to sustain an existing FRC, as well as generate a new FRC from a background pre

  18. Observations of improved confinement in field reversed configurations sustained by antisymmetric rotating magnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    plasma, resulting in a mostly azimuthal field near the FRC separatrix with a very small radial component rotating magnetic fields H. Y. Guo, A. L. Hoffman, and L. C. Steinhauer Redmond Plasma Physics Laboratory in field reversed configurations FRC . A major concern about this method has been the fear of opening up

  19. Rotating magnetic field current drive of high-temperature field reversed configurations with high scaling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    scaling H. Y. Guo,a A. L. Hoffman, and R. D. Milroy Redmond Plasma Physics Laboratory, University in the Translation, Confinement, and Sustainment--Upgrade TCSU device has allowed much higher plasma temperatures to be achieved in the field reversed configurations FRC under rotating magnetic field RMF formation

  20. Formation and steady-state maintenance of field reversed configuration using rotating magnetic field current drive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    , the FRC simply expanded until it contacted the plasma tube wall.1­3 This resulted in relatively cold,a) and G. R. Votroubek Redmond Plasma Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington to both form and maintain field reversed configurations FRC in quasisteady state. These experiments differ

  1. Toroidal field stabilization of the rotational instability in field-reversed configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    . Milroy1,2,a and L. C. Steinhauer2 1 Plasma Science and Innovation Center, Box 32250, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-2250, USA 2 Redmond Plasma Physics Laboratory, University of Washington in dynamically formed field-reversed configurations FRC . It generally appears as an m=2 mode azimuthal mode

  2. Transport, energy balance, and stability of a large field-reversed configuration*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    . L. Hoffman, R. D. Milroy, R. Maqueda, and L. C Steinhauer University of Washington, Redmond Plasma-reversedthetapinch, whereplasmasconfinedin a field-reversedconfiguration(FRC) have exhibited record energy,particle, and configuration,quiescentFRCswith s values(thenumberof ion gyroradii from thefield null to theseparatrixof theFRC) aslargeas5. LSX

  3. Modelling of Field-reversed configuration experiment with large safety factor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    confinement of the plasma. I. Introduction Field-reversed configurations (FRC) are a subclass of Compact of the plasma, and especially so at the edge. This surprising fact results from the large elongation of the FRC discusses the stability implications of high-q in FRC plasmas. Section V briefly presents other surprising

  4. The initial configuration is irrelevant for the possibility of mutual unbounded growth in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Häggström, Olle

    The initial configuration is irrelevant for the possibility of mutual unbounded growth in the two the growth of two competing infections on Zd . At time 0 two disjoint finite sets 1, 2 Zd are infected is irrelevant in deciding whether the event of mutual unbounded growth for the two infection types has positive

  5. A Configurable IC to Contol, Readout, and Calibrate an Array of Biosensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Micheli, Giovanni

    A Configurable IC to Contol, Readout, and Calibrate an Array of Biosensors Sara S. Ghoreishizadeh bimolecular sensors as well as pH and temperature sensors for biosensor calibration. The IC supports both of the interface electronics, a unified circuit is designed for CV, CA and pH readout. The biosensors produce

  6. Introducing Automated Environment Configuration Testing in an Industrial Setting Caryna Pinheiro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sillito, Jonathan

    Introducing Automated Environment Configuration Testing in an Industrial Setting Caryna Pinheiro of Calgary {vgarousi,frank.maurer,sillito}@ucalgary.ca Abstract-- This paper presents an automated of staging environment instability in a large organization. We demonstrate how a suite of automated

  7. CONFIGURATION AND MAINTENANCE OF THE ARIES-ST POWER PLANT X.R. Wang,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CONFIGURATION AND MAINTENANCE OF THE ARIES-ST POWER PLANT X.R. Wang,a M.S. Tillack,a F ARIES-ST is a 1000 MWe fusion power plant based on a low aspect ratio "spherical torus" (ST) plasma availability of the power plant. Mechanical joints are poss- ible in the normal conducting single-turn toroidal

  8. CONFIGURATION AND MAINTENANCE OF THE ARIES-ST POWER PLANT X.R. Wang,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najmabadi, Farrokh

    CONFIGURATION AND MAINTENANCE OF THE ARIES-ST POWER PLANT X.R. Wang,a M.S. Tillack,a F Abstract- ARIES-ST is a 1000 MWe fusion power plant based on a low aspect ratio "spherical torus" (ST availability of the power plant. Mechanical joints are possible in the normal conducting single-turn toroidal

  9. Calculation of Molecular Configuration Integrals Chia-En Chang, Michael J. Potter, and Michael K. Gilson*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Chia-en "Angelina"

    and the design of self-assembling systems. Early methods of conformational analysis focused on the useCalculation of Molecular Configuration Integrals Chia-En Chang, Michael J. Potter, and Michael K Scanning, a fast correction for anharmonicity based upon internal bond-angle-torsion coordinates. Mode

  10. Development and Application of ANN Model for Worker Assignment into Virtual Cells of Large Sized Configurations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murali, R. V.; Fathi, Khalid [Faculty Members, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Caledonian College of Engineering (Oman); Puri, A. B. [Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, NIT, Durgapur, West Bengal (India)

    2010-10-26

    This paper presents an extended version of study already undertaken on development of an artificial neural networks (ANNs) model for assigning workforce into virtual cells under virtual cellular manufacturing systems (VCMS) environments. Previously, the same authors have introduced this concept and applied it to virtual cells of two-cell configuration and the results demonstrated that ANNs could be a worth applying tool for carrying out workforce assignments. In this attempt, three-cell configurations problems are considered for worker assignment task. Virtual cells are formed under dual resource constraint (DRC) context in which the number of available workers is less than the total number of machines available. Since worker assignment tasks are quite non-linear and highly dynamic in nature under varying inputs and conditions and, in parallel, ANNs have the ability to model complex relationships between inputs and outputs and find similar patterns effectively, an attempt was earlier made to employ ANNs into the above task. In this paper, the multilayered perceptron with feed forward (MLP-FF) neural network model has been reused for worker assignment tasks of three-cell configurations under DRC context and its performance at different time periods has been analyzed. The previously proposed worker assignment model has been reconfigured and cell formation solutions available for three-cell configuration in the literature are used in combination to generate datasets for training ANNs framework. Finally, results of the study have been presented and discussed.

  11. Configuring ICEMail for Apple Mail for MacOS 10.10 Yosemite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    Configuring ICEMail for Apple Mail for MacOS 10.10 Yosemite Once you have received notification on at https://icemail.harvard.edu, you will need to add the new settings in Apple Mail. Step 1. Launch Mail the Accounts tab. And click on the + in the lower left corner. (See Figure 2) Figure 2 SEAS-ICE Apple Mail

  12. Derivation of the Configuration Interaction Singles (CIS) Method for Various Single Determinant References and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherrill, David

    of Chemistry and Biochemistry Georgia Institute of Technology September 1996 1 Introduction The configuration% of the correlation energy for small molecules near their equilibrium geometries. Head-Gordon, Pople, and others have] list the following desirable properties of CIS: well defined (and differentiable), applicable to large

  13. The Effect of Thermal Load Configurations on Passive Chilled Beam Performance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Ian 1982-

    2012-11-15

    dynamics (CFD) model was developed in Star CCM+ v6.06 and used for further analysis of the flow field and to predict additional spatial arrangements of the beam, interior dimensions, and heat source configurations. The CFD model implemented a calculation...

  14. A Quasi-continuous Interpolation Scheme for Pathways between Distant Configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carr, Joanne M.; Wales, David J.

    2012-08-28

    for Pathways Between Distant Configurations David J. Wales1?and Joanne M. Carr1† University Chemical Laboratories, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1EW, UK June 11, 2012 ?dw34@cam.ac.uk †jmc49@cam.ac.uk 1 Abstract A quasi-continuous interpolation scheme...

  15. CRAD, Configuration Management- Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor Contractor ORR

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for a February 2007 assessment of the Configuration Management Program portion of an Operational Readiness Review of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, High Flux Isotope Reactor.

  16. Minimal Riesz energy point configurations for rectifiable d-dimensional manifolds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hardin, Doug

    , these results are new. Key words: Minimal discrete Riesz energy, Best-packing, Hausdorff measure, Rectifiable best-packing, mini- mization of energy (e.g., Coulomb potentials), spherical t-designs (cubatureMinimal Riesz energy point configurations for rectifiable d-dimensional manifolds D.P. Hardin

  17. Towards a Zero-Configuration Wireless Sensor Network Architecture for Smart Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Towards a Zero-Configuration Wireless Sensor Network Architecture for Smart Buildings Lars Schor. Within a smart building many sensors and actuators are interconnected to form a control system. Nowa system. A smart power outlet will report the current energy usage of the attached device to a central

  18. SUMTIME-MOUSAM: Configurable Marine Weather Forecast Generator Somayajulu G. Sripada and Ehud Reiter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sripada, Yaji

    turbines and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). In the domain of gas turbines we are working on summarizing sensor data from an op- erational gas turbine (Yu et. al., 2003) for the maintenance engineersSUMTIME-MOUSAM: Configurable Marine Weather Forecast Generator Somayajulu G. Sripada and Ehud

  19. SUMTIME-MOUSAM: Configurable Marine Weather Forecast Generator Somayajulu G. Sripada and Ehud Reiter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiter, Ehud

    turbines and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). In the domain of gas turbines we are working on summarizing sensor data from an opera- tional gas turbine (Yu et. al., 2003) for the maintenance engineersSUMTIME-MOUSAM: Configurable Marine Weather Forecast Generator Somayajulu G. Sripada and Ehud

  20. DIVERTOR CONFIGURATION AND HEAT LOAD STUDIES FOR THE ARIES-CS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raffray, A. René

    flux control in a conceptual ARIES compact stellarator (CS) reactor is addressed. The goal is to de of the compact stellarator magnetic confinement concept as an attractive fusion power plant. ResearchDIVERTOR CONFIGURATION AND HEAT LOAD STUDIES FOR THE ARIES-CS FUSION POWER PLANT T. K. MAU,*a T. B

  1. Fusion Engineering and Design 81 (2006) 11591168 Major integration issues in evolving the configuration design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najmabadi, Farrokh

    2006-01-01

    Fusion Engineering and Design 81 (2006) 1159­1168 Major integration issues in evolving the configuration design space for the ARIES-CS compact stellarator power plant A.R. Raffraya,, S. Malangb, L. El, Fusion Technology Institute, Madison, WI 53706, USA d Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (FZK), Euratom

  2. Planetary and Space Science 56 (2008) 17781784 Predictions and observations of events and configurations occurring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sicardy, Bruno

    2008-01-01

    and configurations occurring during the Uranian equinox Jean-Eudes ArlotÃ, Bruno Sicardy Paris Observatory of difficulties due to the faintness of the Uranian satellites and this proximity to the planet. 2. The equinox, 1990; Arlot, 2002; Arlot et al., 2006a, b). The equinox on Jupiter takes place every 6 years allowing

  3. Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 91 (2007) 13881391 Bifacial configurations for CdTe solar cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romeo, Alessandro

    2007-01-01

    Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 91 (2007) 1388­1391 Bifacial configurations for CdTe solar Verona, Italy e Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Centre for Renewable Energy Systems We present a different back contact for CdTe solar cell by the application of only a transparent

  4. String Tests of 3S1P Configurations for Electric Energy Storage Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    String Tests of 3S1P Configurations for Electric Energy Storage Applications Prepared for the UPConfigurationsfor ElectricEnergyStorageApplications Matthieu Dubarry and Bor Yann Liaw Hawaii Natural Energy ..................................................................................................................... 17 #12;2 1. INTRODUCTION As the scale of energy storage applications for electric grids

  5. Assessment of Microbial Fuel Cell Configurations and Power Bruce E. Logan,*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assessment of Microbial Fuel Cell Configurations and Power Densities Bruce E. Logan,*, Maxwell J Information ABSTRACT: Different microbial electrochemical technologies are being developed for many diverse, and biosensors. Current and energy densities will always be limited relative to batteries and chemical fuel cells

  6. Configuration of Smart Environments Made Simple Combining Visual Modeling with Semantic Metadata and Reasoning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Configuration of Smart Environments Made Simple Combining Visual Modeling with Semantic Metadata, Belgium Abstract--We present an approach that combines semantic metadata and reasoning with a visual' environment (e.g., smart thermostats) or provide relevant contextual information (e.g., motion sensors

  7. Mind Your Metadata: Exploiting Semantics for Configuration, Adaptation, and Provenance in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gil, Yolanda

    to the data. The metadata captured includes sensor descriptions, data characteristics, data types, and processMind Your Metadata: Exploiting Semantics for Configuration, Adaptation, and Provenance, mariam, fabio, knoblock}@isi.edu {tharmon, villamizar_amaya}@ucmerced.edu Abstract. Scientific metadata

  8. Green Move: a platform for highly configurable, heterogeneous electric vehicle sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cugola, Gianpaolo

    Green Move: a platform for highly configurable, heterogeneous electric vehicle sharing Andrea G the spreading of electric vehicles, in particular for what concerns the high upfront costs of the vehicles benefits. I. INTRODUCTION Electric vehicle sharing has the potential to provide a solution to many

  9. Error Tolerant Address Configuration for Data Center Networks with Malfunctioning Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yan

    Error Tolerant Address Configuration for Data Center Networks with Malfunctioning Devices Xingyu Ma to correct malfunctions and it can cause substantial operation delay of the whole data center. In this paper benefits because in most cases malfunctions in data centers only account for a very small portion

  10. Thermal radiation in non-static curved spacetimes: quantum mechanical path integrals and configuration space topology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. E. Ortiz; F. Vendrell

    1998-06-19

    A quantum mechanical path integral derivation is given of a thermal propagator in non-static Gui spacetime. The thermal nature of the propagator is understood in terms of homotopically non-trivial paths in the configuration space appropriate to tortoise coordinates. The connection to thermal emission from collapsing black holes is discussed.

  11. Dynamic Rupture through a Branched Fault Configuration at Yucca Mountain, and Resulting Ground Motions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dynamic Rupture through a Branched Fault Configuration at Yucca Mountain, and Resulting Ground of Yucca Mountain, Nevada, a potential site for a high-level radioactive waste repository. The Solitario km away from the SCF beneath the crest of Yucca Mountain, causing the repository site to experience

  12. Configuration Optimization of a Nanosphere Array on Top of a Thin Film Solar Cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grandidier, Jonathan

    Configuration Optimization of a Nanosphere Array on Top of a Thin Film Solar Cell J. Grandidier photocurrent of the solar cell. On a typical thin film amorphous silicon solar cell, a parametric analysis of SiO2 spheres directly placed on top of a-Si [1] and gallium arsenide (GaAs) [3] solar cells. We

  13. Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 91 (2007) 13881391 Bifacial configurations for CdTe solar cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romeo, Alessandro

    2007-01-01

    Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 91 (2007) 1388­1391 Bifacial configurations for CdTe solar We present a different back contact for CdTe solar cell by the application of only a transparent that acts as a free-Cu stable back contact and at the same time allows to realize bifacial CdTe solar cells

  14. Computational analysis of shrouded wind turbine configurations using a 3-dimensional RANS solver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso, Juan J.

    October 2014 Available online Keywords: Wind energy Shrouded wind turbines DAWT CFD Transition model a b presently confronting the widespread adoption of wind energy is cost. Improvements in wind turbineComputational analysis of shrouded wind turbine configurations using a 3-dimensional RANS solver

  15. Supersonic Bi-Directional Flying Wing Configuration with Low Sonic Boom and High Aerodynamic Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zha, Gecheng

    that propagates to ground from the shock waves created by a supersonic airplane and its components. PlotkinSupersonic Bi-Directional Flying Wing Configuration with Low Sonic Boom and High Aerodynamic@miami.edu Abstract In this paper, a parametric study is conducted to optimize a business jet using supersonic bi

  16. Numerical evaluation of one-loop diagrams near exceptional momentum configurations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walter T Giele; Giulia Zanderighi; E.W.N. Glover

    2004-07-06

    One problem which plagues the numerical evaluation of one-loop Feynman diagrams using recursive integration by part relations is a numerical instability near exceptional momentum configurations. In this contribution we will discuss a generic solution to this problem. As an example we consider the case of forward light-by-light scattering.

  17. A Monte Carlo generator of nucleon configurations in complex nuclei including Nucleon-Nucleon correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Alvioli; H. -J. Drescher; M. Strikman

    2009-09-04

    We developed a Monte Carlo event generator for production of nucleon configurations in complex nuclei consistently including effects of Nucleon-Nucleon (NN) correlations. Our approach is based on the Metropolis search for configurations satisfying essential constraints imposed by short- and long-range NN correlations, guided by the findings of realistic calculations of one- and two-body densities for medium-heavy nuclei. The produced event generator can be used for Monte Carlo (MC) studies of pA and AA collisions. We perform several tests of consistency of the code and comparison with previous models, in the case of high energy proton-nucleus scattering on an event-by-event basis, using nucleus configurations produced by our code and Glauber multiple scattering theory both for the uncorrelated and the correlated configurations; fluctuations of the average number of collisions are shown to be affected considerably by the introduction of NN correlations in the target nucleus. We also use the generator to estimate maximal possible gluon nuclear shadowing in a simple geometric model.

  18. Network configurations and R&D activities of the ICT industry in Suzhou municipality, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Yehua Dennis

    Network configurations and R&D activities of the ICT industry in Suzhou municipality, China Y in revised form 8 March 2011 Available online 25 June 2011 Keywords: Globalization ICT industry Innovation Regional development China a b s t r a c t This paper analyzes the network structure and R&D activities

  19. String Tests of 3S1P Configurations for Electric Energy Storage Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    String Tests of 3S1P Configurations for Electric Energy Storage Applications Prepared for the U.2 Deliverable 2 Report on Results of Storage Tests Prepared by Hawai`i Natural Energy Institute School of OceanPConfigurationsfor ElectricEnergyStorageApplications Matthieu Dubarry and Bor Yann Liaw Hawaii Natural Energy

  20. RF-MEMS Capacitive Series Switches of CPW & MSL Configurations for Reconfigurable Antenna Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Flaviis, Franco

    RF-MEMS Capacitive Series Switches of CPW & MSL Configurations for Reconfigurable Antenna, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, 92697 Abstract: The air-bridged RF-MEMS switches in single pole) and coplanar waveguide (CPW) structures. RF-MEMS series switches are monolithic fabricated in both transmission